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496BC        Sophocles (d.406BC), the 2nd Greek dramatist after Aeschylus, was born about this time. He is considered by some as the greatest of the Greek dramatists. His works include: "Oedipus Rex" and "Antigone."
    (eawc, p.11)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.D6)

480BC-406BC        Euripides, Greek tragic dramatist, lived about this time. He authored "Medea," "Alcestis," "The Cyclops" and  "The Trojan Woman." Euripides was an Athenian tragedian who brought the gods and heroes down to earth. He presented pictures of human life that were sometimes tragic, sometimes comic, but always and undeniably real.

448BC-380BC     In Greece Aristophanes, considered by some as the greatest Greek comedy writer, lived. His work includes "The Clouds" and "Lysistrata." Greek comedy like Greek tragedy originated in the Dionysian festivals. In Lysistrata he described how Greek women abstained from sex until their men stopped fighting in the Peloponnesian war.
    (EEE, p.12)(SFC,11/8/97, p.A10)

440-420BCE    Sophocles composed his tragedy "The Trachinian Women." It described what happened when he put on the robe woven by his wife Deianeira. In 1680 Pierre Puget made his bronze sculpture of Herakles (Hercules) struggling in the burning tunic.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.55)

431BC        Euripides wrote his tragedy "Medea," based on the legend of the sorceress Medea, daughter of Aeëtes, King of Colchis, and wife of Jason, whom she assisted in obtaining the Golden Fleece. It describes how Jason abandoned the sorceress Medea to marry Glauke, a Corinthian princess.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.55)(WUD, 1994, p.890)

429BC        Oedipus Rex,  an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles, was first performed about this time.

425BC        The Greek play “Acharnians" by Aristophanes was first performed. A charcoal burner named Dakaiopolis manages to bypass corrupt Athenian politicians and a pompous general to make peace with the Spartans.
    (Econ, 8/22/15, p.45)

407BC        Euripides wrote "The Bacchae" while residing at the court of the king of Macedon. He had left Athens in the last years of its war against Sparta. The play dealt with the violent introduction of the cult of Dionysos into the city of Thebes.
    (WSJ, 12/31/97, p.A8)

406BC        Euripides (b.480/484), Greek tragic dramatist, died. His plays included Phedre, which tells the story of a queen’s incestuous love for her stepson.
    (EEE, p.12)(Econ, 6/20/09, p.89)

406BC        Sophocles (b.496/97BCE), the 2nd Greek dramatist after Aeschylus, died. He is considered by some as the greatest of the Greek dramatists. His works include: "Oedipus Rex" and "Antigone."
    (eawc, p.11)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.D6)

342BC        Menander (c.~291), Greek playwright, was born about this time in Athens. He wrote more than 100 plays, but many of his works have been lost. A 9th century manuscript from a Syrian monastery contains 200 verses from Menander's play "Dyskolos" ("The Grouch"). In 2003 a scholar reported another 200 verses in the document appear to be by Menander.
    (AP, 12/6/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menander)

1509        Andrea Calmo (d.1571, Venetian playwright, was born about this time. He became a pioneer in comedia dell’arte.

1550        Apr 12, Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, was born (d.1604). Some claimed that he was responsible for all the 37 plays, 154 sonnets and 2 long narrative poems that are attributed to William Shakespeare. De Vere was first advanced as the author of Shakespeare’s work in 1918 by English schoolmaster J. Thomas Looney.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.E1)(WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 4/18/09, p.A2)

1564        Feb 26, Christopher Marlowe (d.1593), English, poet, dramatist, was baptized. His work included "Doctor Faustus," "Tamburlaine," "The Jew of Malta," and other plays. He was murdered at 29 in a Deptford tavern and was suspected of being a spy to the Continent on behalf of the Crown. In 1993 Anthony Burgess had a novel published posthumously about Marlowe titled "A Dead Man in Deptford."
    (WSJ, 4/28/95, p.A-8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Marlowe)

1576        The Theater in Shoreditch, London, was built by James Burbage (d.1597). It was the 1st permanent playhouse in England.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(ON, 11/03, p.1)

1577        London’s 2nd playhouse, The Curtain, opened in Finsbury. The Curtain opened close to London's first playhouse "The Theatre" and was one of a number of early theatres built outside the city's walls. The venue took its name from nearby street Curtain Close. It was the main arena for Shakespeare's plays between 1597 and 1599 until the Globe was completed in Southwark. Archaeologists stumbled upon the Curtain Theatre's remains on Hewett Street after work began on a regeneration project led by local developers in October 2011.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(Reuters, 6/6/12)

1587        Christopher Marlowe’s "Tamburlaine the Great" was first produced on stage and published three years later. Marlowe established blank verse as a dramatic form.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.24)
1587        In London the open-air Rose Theater was built. It was demolished after 1606 when the Globe Theater surpassed it in popularity. An office building, later constructed over the site, was suspended by girders to preserve the site. Its exact location was lost until 1989.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.E5)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.89)

1588-1593        Shakespeare authored his play Titus Andronicus during this period. It tells the fictional story of Titus, a general in the Roman army, who is engaged in a cycle of revenge with Tamora, Queen of the Goths.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titus_Andronicus)(Econ, 2/16/13, p.64)

1598        Dec 28, Richard and Cuthbert Burbage led a crew to begin the demolition of the Theater in London. They and partners that included William Shakespeare used the timbers to build a new theater. The Globe opened in 1599.
    (ON, 11/03, p.2)

1598        The first opera was performed in Florence, Italy, in the 16th century. On Jul 3-5, 1998 Vienna celebrated the 400th anniversary of opera. Opera emerged as musicians sought to revive Greek theater.
    (SFEC, 5/10/98, p.T3)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)

1599        Sep 21, The Globe Theater had its first recorded performance. The 20-sided timber building for Shakespeare’s plays was constructed on the South Bank of the Thames, England. The troupe Lord Chamberlain's Men built the Globe Theater. Timbers came from a dismantled old theater and the new structure held some 3,000 spectators in 3 galleries. In 2005 James Shapiro authored “A Year in the Life of William Shakespeare: 1599."
    (Hem, Mar. 95, p.138)(WSJ, 6/17/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.92)

1599-1600    “As You Like It," a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare, is believed to have been written about this time and first published in the folio of 1623. It included a monologue that begins with the phrase "All the world's a stage" and catalogues the seven stages of a man's life, sometimes referred to as the seven ages of man: infant, schoolboy, lover, soldier, justice, pantaloon, and second childhood, "sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything."

1602        Feb 2, The first recorded performance of Shakespeare’s comedy “Twelfth Night" took place. It was not published until 1623.
    (Econ, 3/9/13, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelfth_Night)

1607        “The Knight of the Burning Pestle," a play by Francis Beaumont (1584-1616), was first performed. It was first published in a quarto in 1613.

1607        Henry Chettle (b.c1564), English dramatist and miscellaneous writer of the Elizabethan era, died about this time.

1607        Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla (d.c1660), Spanish dramatist, was born at Toledo. He became a knight of Santiago in 1644. The exact date of his death is unknown.

1609        Ben Johnson wrote his play "The Silent Woman."
    (WSJ, 2/7/03, p.W2)

1609        Shakespeare wrote his play "Cymbeline." It was based on the story of Cymbeline, king of Britain during the reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome.
    (WSJ, 6/10/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 8/19/98, p.A16)

1610        Shakespeare’s play “The Winter’s Tale" was first performed.

1613        Jun 29, Shakespeare's Globe Theater burned down in London. It was soon rebuilt on the same foundations.
    (USAT, 8/16/96, p.8D)(MC, 6/29/02)

1616        Apr 23, William Shakespeare died in Stratford-on-Avon, England. Shakespeare’s plays included "Romeo and Juliet" and "Troilus and Cressida."
    (AP, 4/23/97)(SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)

1616        Jul 29, Chinese playwright Tang Xianzu (b.1550) died. His major plays are collectively called the Four Dreams.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tang_Xianzu)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.33)

1616        London’s Phoenix Theater in Drury Lane was converted from a cockpit.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.88)

1619        Richard Burbage, actor and co-owner of London's Globe theater, died.
    (ON, 11/03, p.2)

1625        Aug 20, Thomas Corneille, French playwright, was born.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1634        In Oberammergau, Germany, a re-enactment of the last days of Jesus began to be performed. The Passion Play was performed from then on every ten years with a few rare exceptions. In 1633 plague victims had sworn an oath to portray the suffering and death of the Lord every 10 years.
    (WSJ, 5/18/00, p.A1)(www.passionplay-oberammergau.com/index.php?id=127)

1640        Mar 9, Pierre Corneille’s "Horace," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1642        London's Globe theater closed as the Puritan-controlled British Parliament suppressed theaters and other forms of popular entertainment.
    (ON, 11/03, p.2)

1650        Jun, Jean Rotrou (b.1609), French playwright, died of the plague. In his day he was considered second only to Corneille.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Rotrou)

1656        The first performance of an English opera was given in a room at the Smithfield home of Sir William Davenant.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.41)

1657        Thomas Middleton (1580-1627), English playwright, published his play "Women Beware Women." The date of authorship of the play is deeply uncertain. Scholars have estimated its origin anywhere from 1612 to 1627; 1623–24 has been plausibly suggested. The play was entered into the Stationers' Register on 9 September 1653 by the bookseller Humphrey Moseley.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Middleton)(Econ, 4/11/20, p.63)

1658        Moliere was anointed with the patronage of King Louis XIV.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.D2)

1663        May 7, Theatre Royal in Drury Lane, London, opened.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1665        Aug 27, "Ye Bare & Ye Cubb," the 1st play performed in N. America, was performed at Acomac, Va.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1668        Feb 7, English King William III danced in the premiere of "Ballet of Peace."
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1674        Aug 18, Jean Racine's "Iphigenie," premiered in Versailles.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1677        Racine wrote his drama Phedre in alexandrine meter. It was based on Euripides’ tragic Greek tale of Phaedra’s love for her stepson Hippolytus, son of Theseus.
    (WSJ, 5/21/97, p.A12)(Econ, 6/20/09, p.89)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.92)

1695        Apr 30, William Congreve's "Love for Love," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1703        A pair of lovers committed suicide in Osaka. The story of the courtesan and young merchant was quickly depicted in the Kabuki play “The Love suicides at Sonexaki" by Chikamatsu Monzaemon (1653-1725).
    (SFC, 6/20/05, p.C5)

1704        Feb 19, In Japan Kabuki actor Ichikawa Danjuro I (b.1660, the first of the Danjuro line, was murdered by a rival on stage.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichikawa_Danj%C5%ABr%C5%8D_I)(Econ, 2/16/13, p.44)

1705        Apr 23, Richard Steele's "Tender Husband," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1707        Moses Chaim Luzzato (d.1746), Hebrew playwright, was born in Padua. His work included the Mesillat Yesharim (1740), essentially an ethical treatise but with certain mystical underpinnings.

1714        A British comedy called “The Winder" was staged.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.132)

1715        Apr 20, Nicholas Rowe's "Tragedy of Lady Jane Gray," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/20/02)

1728        Jan 29, The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay (d.1732), with music arranged by John Christopher Pepusch, had its premier at the Lincoln's Inn Fields in London. Gay intended it to be a parody of Italian opera and a satirization of the Walpole administration. He wrote new lyrics to popular tunes and his "ballad opera" was a great success.
    (LGC-HCS, p.45)(ON, 2/04, p.11)

1731        Henry Fielding (1707-1754) wrote his ballad-opera “The Lottery."
    (Econ, 7/10/10, SR p.15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Fielding)

1732        Jan 24, Pierre Caron de Beaumarchais (d.1799), French dramatist, was born. He was best remembered for his plays "Barber of Civil" and "Marriage of Figaro." He was a conduit for French gold and arms to American Revolution, persecuted by mob during French Rev. "It is not necessary to understand things in order to argue about them."
    (AP, 12/21/99)(www.theatrehistory.com/french/beaumarchais001.html)

1732        Aug 13, Voltaire's "Zaire," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1732        English writer Henry Fielding (1707-1754) authored his play "The Lottery," a companion piece to Joseph Addison's Cato. The play was a success and earned Fielding a great deal of money.

1735        Henry Fielding set up his own theater company at the Little Theater in London's Haymarket. His 1st production was Pasquin.
    (ON, 9/03, p.8)

1736        Henry Fielding presented his play "The Historical Register for the Year 1736," a pointed attack on the British government of PM Walpole.
    (ON, 9/03, p.8)

1737        May, Sir Robert Walpole argued for censorship of a play in the House of Commons of a satire called "The Golden Rump." Walpole pressed through Parliament a Licensing Act that lasted over 200 years.
    (WSJ, 10/14/97, p.A22)(ON, 9/03, p.8)

1750        Mar 5, The 1st American Shakespearean production, was an "altered" Richard III in NYC.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1750        May 23, Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo," premiered in Mantua.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1759        France eliminated the public practice of sitting on the stage during theater and opera performances.
    (SFC, 3/9/07, p.E8)

1763        Feb 12, Pierre de Mariveaux (b.1688), French novelist and playwright, died. 
    (SFC, 5/30/09, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_de_Marivaux)

1774        Apr 19, Gluck's opera "Iphigenia in Aulis," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1776        Apr 1, Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang," premiered in Leipzig.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1777        May 1, Richard Brinsley Sheridan's "School for Scandal," premiered in London with Georgiana Cavendish as Lady Teazle. "Its assumptions are that lust and greed - when allied with beauty and cunning - deserve to triumph over dullness and age." He also wrote "A Trip to Scarborough," a rewrite of a Restoration original.
    (WSJ,11/24/95, p.A-6)(WSJ, 11/20/98, p.W6)(MC, 5/1/02)

1782        The Comedie Francaise installed benches in the pit to prevent a mob-like atmosphere.
    (SFC, 3/9/07, p.E8)

1786        May 1, The opera "The Marriage of Figaro," by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, premiered in Vienna.
    (AP, 5/1/97)

1789        Mar 2, Pennsylvania ended the prohibition of theatrical performances.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1790        Jan 26, Mozart's opera "Cosi Fan Tutte" premiered in Vienna.

1792        Feb 7, Cimarosa's opera "Il Matrimonio Segreto," premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1796        Mar 31, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont," premiered in Weimar.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1797        Mar 13, Cherubini's opera "Medee," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1799        Apr 20, Friedrich Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod," the third part of his Wallenstein trilogy, premiered in Weimar.
    (MC, 4/20/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallenstein_%28play%29)

1799        May 18, Pierre de Beaumarchais (b.1732), French inventor and dramatist, died. In 2007 Hugh Thomas authored “Beaumarchais in Seville." In 2009 Susan Emanuel translated to English “Beaumarchais: A Biography"  by Maurice Lever (d.2006).
    (www.theatrehistory.com/french/beaumarchais001.html)(SFC, 5/30/09, p.E2)

1800        May 14, Friedrich Schiller's translation of "Macbeth" premiered in Weimar.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1801        Apr 11, Friedrich Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans (The Maid of Orleans)," premieres in Leipzig.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1804        Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805), German writer, wrote his play “William Tell."

1808        Feb 2, Josef Kajetan Tyl (d.1856), Czech dramatist and songwriter, was born.

1809        Sep, The Old Price Riots broke out in England when Covent Garden manager John Philip Kemble raised ticket prices. The riots continued to December.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.E2)

1814        Oct 19, Mercy Otis Warren (b.1728), Massachusetts playwright, died.
    (WSJ, 2/5/08, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercy_Otis_Warren)

1821        Mar 26, Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premiered in Vienna.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1824        Mar 7, Meyerbeer's opera "Il Crociati in Egitto," premiered in Venice.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1825        Mar 2, The 1st grand opera in US sung in English was in NYC.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1825        Nov 29, 1st Italian opera in US, "Barber of Seville," premiered in NYC and was welcomed by the legendary librettist for Mozart (and friend of Casanova), Lorenzo DaPonte, who was Professor of Italian at King's (later Columbia) College.
    (MC, 11/29/01)

1826        Apr 12, Karl Maria von Weber's opera "Oberon," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1827        Feb 7, Ballet (Deserter) was introduced to US at Bowery Theater in NYC.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1828        Mar 20, Henrik Ibsen (d.1906), poet and dramatist was born in Skien, Norway. His work included “Peer Gynt" and “Hedda Gabler." "The worst enemy of truth and freedom in our society is the compact majority. Yes, the damned, compact, liberal majority." In 1971 the 3rd and final volume of “Ibsen: A Biography" by Michael Meyer (d.2000) was published.
    (HFA, '96, p.26)(HN, 3/20/98)(AP, 7/22/98)(SFC, 8/10/00, p.D2)

1834        Mar 22, Horace Greeley published "New Yorker," a weekly literary and news magazine and forerunner of Harold Ross' more successful "The New Yorker."
    (HN, 3/22/01)

1838        Sep 10, The opera "Benvenuto Cellini," by Hector Berlioz, premiered in Paris. It was based on Cellini's autobiography.
    (MC, 9/10/01)(WSJ, 12/16/03, p.D10)

1839        Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1803-1873), English novelist, authored his play “Richelieu." It included his line “The pen is mightier than the sword."

1842        May 13, Composer Sir Arthur Sullivan was born in London. He collaborated with Sir William Gilbert in writing 14 comic operas that included "HMS Pinafore."
    (AP, 5/13/99)(HN, 5/13/99)

1844        Mar 28, Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1844        May 3, Richard D'Oyly Carte, opera impresario (Gilbert & Sullivan operas, Ivanhoe), was born in England.
    (MC, 5/3/02)

1846        Mar 13, Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena," premiered in Konigsberg.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1847        Nov 22, In New York, the Astor Place Opera House, the city's first operatic theater, was opened.
    (HN, 11/22/98)

1849        Apr 16, Giacomo Meyerbeer's Opera "Le Prophete," premiered in Paris. [see Apr 6]
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1849        May 10, A mob destroyed Astor Place opera house in NYC and 22 were killed. Edward Z.C. Judson (Ned Buntline) was convicted of leading the riot and was sentenced to a year in prison.
    (MC, 5/10/02)(PCh, 1992, p.450)

1849        Jun 22, San Francisco experienced its first theatrical performance with a one-man show in Portsmouth Square by Stephen C. Massett, an itinerant Brit.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.C1)

1850        Jan 16, The first real play in San Francisco, “The Wife," was staged at the modest Washington Hall theater. This was located on the 2n d floor of a building that later became the city’s swankiest brothel.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.C2)

1850        Aug 28, Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin'' was premiered at Weimar, Germany, under the direction of Franz Liszt.
    (RTH, 8/28/99)

1850        Jul 4, In San Francisco David G. Robinson and a partner opened the 280-seat Dramatic Museum on California St. The theater burned down within a year.
    (SFC, 1/5/19, p.C3)

1851        Jun 22, In San Francisco a 6th major fire caused $3 million in losses. The Jenny Lind theater run by Tom McGuire was reduced to ashes.
    (http://sfmuseum.org/hist10/6thfire.html)(SFC, 4/17/21, p.B3)(SFC, 7/24/21, p.B5)   

1851        Oct 4, In San Francisco the third Jenny Lind Theater opened on Portsmouth Square on the same site as the two preceding it, which were destroyed by the fires of 1851. In 1852 a scandal erupted as the city of San Francisco purchased the theater for $200,000 for use as the city hall. In 1949 the site was named state landmark No. 192.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.C1)(www.noehill.com/sf/landmarks/cal0192.asp)(SFC, 7/24/21, p.B5)

1851        In San Francisco David G. Robinson built the Adelphi, where the city's first opera was staged
    (SFC, 1/5/19, p.C3)

1852        Apr 30, Anton Rubinstein’s opera "Dmitri Donskoi," premiered in St Petersburg.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1852        In San Francisco David G. Robinson (d.1857) built the 2000-seat American, a theater for "serious" drama.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_G._Robinson)(SFC, 1/5/19, p.C3)

1854        Apr 3, John Wilson (b.1785), Scottish advocate, literary critic and author, the writer most frequently identified with the pseudonym Christopher North of Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, died in Edinburgh. A scene from his play "The City of the Plague" was adapted by Alexander Pushkin as "A Feast in Time of Plague" and become a subject of a number of adaptations.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wilson_%28Scottish_writer%29)(Econ., 7/6/20, p.70)

1855        Jun 13, Verdi's opera "Les Vepres Sicilenne" was produced (Paris).
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1855        Sep 27, George F. Bristow's "Rip Van Winkle," 2nd American opera, opened in NYC.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1856        Jul 26, George Bernard Shaw (d.1950), Irish-born, English dramatist, critic and social reformer (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), was born in Dublin. "The worst sin toward our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them; that's the essence of inhumanity."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.237)(HN, 7/26/98)(AP, 3/15/00)

1857        Dec 8, 1st production of Dion Boucicault's "Poor of NY."
    (MC, 12/8/01)

1857        In France the Napoleon III theatre at Fontainebleau Palace south of Paris, built between 1853 and 1856 under the reign of Napoleon III, opened. It was used only a dozen times, which helped preserve its gilded adornments, before being abandoned in 1870 after the fall of Napoleon III. It reopened in 2019 following 12 years of restoration work with the help of a 10 million euro donation from Abu Dhabi.
    (AFP, 6/18/19)

1858        May 28, Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play," premiered in London.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1858         Aug 23, "Ten Nights in a Bar-room," a play about the tragic consequences of consuming alcohol, opened in New York.
    (AP, 8/23/08)

1858        Oct 18, The play "Our American Cousin" by Tom Taylor premiered at Laura Keene's theater in New York.
    (AP, 10/18/08)

1859        Feb 18, Shalom Aleichem (Solomon Rabinowitz, d.1916), Russian-Yiddish playwright,  author and humorist, was born in the Ukraine. "To want to be the cleverest of all is the biggest folly."
    (AP, 1/13/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sholem_Aleichem)

1859        Mar 19, The opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premiered in Paris.
    (AP, 3/19/97)

1859        Apr 4, Giacomo Meyerbeer's Opera "Dinorah" was produced in Paris.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1859        Dec 5, Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1860        Russia’s Emp. Alexander II presented the Mariinsky theater in St. Petersburg as a birthday present to his wife, Maria.
    (Econ, 5/11/13, p.87)

1861        May 18, Friedrich Hebbel's "Kriemhildes Rache" premiered in Weimar.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1862        Apr 21, Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne,"  premiered in Boston.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1862        SF impresario Tom Maguire booked Lotta Crabtree (15) into the Eureka Minstrel Hall, her first appearance on a legitimate stage. Lola Montez had helped Lotta develop her skills in Grass Valley.
    (SFC, 12/12/20, p.B4)

1863        Aug 24, In San Francisco actress Adah Isaacs Menken (1835-1868) appeared at Maguire's Opera House in the play "Mazeppa" wearing a scanty white blouse and shorts on the back of a rearing horse.
    (SFC, 4/28/18, p.C1)

1863        Sep 10, George Bizet's opera "Les Pecheurs de Perles," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1864        Mar 14, Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1864        Mar 19, Charles Gounod's opera "Mireille" premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1864        In New York City Mary Ann Crabtree booked her daughter Lotta (17) in the play "Little Nell and the Marchioness." It was a smash success. Lotta Crabtree went on to star in a succession of stage musicals and became the wealthiest performer in the country.
    (SFC, 12/12/20, p.B4)

1865        Jan 16, Charles (19) and Michael de Young (17) started a free theater-program sheet in SF called The Daily Dramatic Chronicle. Early quarters were at 417 Clay. They borrowed a $20 gold piece from Capt. William Hinkley, who owned the building where they lived, to start the paper.
    (SFC, 7/18/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.1)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/16/09, Extra p.1)(SFC, 12/8/18, p.C3)

1865        Apr 28, Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1866        May 30, Bederich Smetana's Opera "The Bartered Bride" premiered in Prague.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1866        Sep 12, The first burlesque show opened in New York City (NYC). The show was a four act performance called "The Black Crow", running for 475 performances and made a reported $1.3 million for its producers.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1866        Bedrich Smetana wrote his opera "The Bartered Bride."
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1867        Apr 27, Charles Gounod's Opera "Romeo et Juliette" was produced in Paris.
    (MC, 4/27/02)

1867        The opera “The Fair Maid of Perth" by Georges Bizet premiered in France.
    (ON, 5/06, p.11)

1868        Mar 9, Ambrois Thomas' opera "Hamlet" premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1868        May 16, Bedrich Smetana's opera "Dalibor," premiered in Prague.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1868        Aug 10, American actress Adah Isaacs Menken (b.1835) died in Paris. She was buried in the Jewish section of the Pere Lachaise cemetery.
    (SFC, 4/28/18, p.C2)

1868        Nov 13, Italian composer Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (b.1792) died in France. His work included 39 operas as well as sacred music, chamber music, songs, and some instrumental and piano pieces. His opera "La Donna del Lago" (1819) was based on the Walter Scott romance "The Lady of the Lake."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gioachino_Rossini)(WSJ, 7/29/97, p.A12)(AP, 2/29/00)

1869        Mar 21, Florenz Ziegfeld, creator of the Ziegfeld Follies, was born. In 1974 Randolph Carter (d.1998 at 90) authored "The World of Flo Ziegfeld."
    (HN, 3/21/98)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A22)

1869        May 1, Folies Bergere opened in Paris.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1870        Mar 19, The opera "Guarany," premiered in Milan.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1871        Mar 26, Serafín Alvarez Quintéro, Spanish dramatist, playwright (El Flechazo), was born.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1871        Apr 16, John Millington Synge (d.1909), dramatist and poet, was born in Ireland.
    (HN, 4/16/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Millington_Synge)

1872        The French opera "Djamilah," composed by Georges Bizet, was set in Turkish-ruled Egypt. It told the story of a Muslim pasha who buys a young mistress in the Cairo slave market.
    (WSJ, 11/9/00, p.A24)(ON, 5/06, p.11)

1872-1933     Addison Mizner, American architect and playwright: "Misery loves company, but company does not reciprocate." "God gives us relatives; thank God, we can choose our friends." In 2003 the Sondheim play "Bounce" was based on Addison and Wilson Mizner.
    (AP, 12/2/97)(AP, 1/24/98)(WSJ, 7/3/03, p.D8)

1873        May 24, Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 5/24/02)

1874        Apr 5, Johann Strauss, Jr.'s Opera "Die Fledermaus" was produced in Vienna.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1875        Mar 3, The opera Carmen, composed by Georges Bizet (1873), opened in Paris at the Opera-Comique. The opera was based on a novella by Prosper Merimee (1803-1870).
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/merimee.htm)(AP, 3/3/98)

1876        Aug 13, Richard Wagner's monumental epic, "Ring of the Nibelung" premiered with 4 operas on 4 consecutive nights) at the Festspielhaus in Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany. Wagner had begun writing the opera in 1848.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Der_Ring_des_Nibelungen)(Econ, 6/25/16, p.73)

1876        Dec 5, In NYC a fire in the Brooklyn Theater killed 278 people.
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kate_Claxton)

1876-1933     Wilson Mizner, American playwright: "The worst-tempered people I’ve ever met were people who knew they were wrong." "A fellow who is always declaring he’s no fool usually has his suspicions." In 2003 the Sondheim play "Bounce" was based on Addison and Wilson Mizner.
    (AP, 5/8/97)(WSJ, 7/3/03, p.D8)

1877        Apr 27, Jules Massenet's Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" was produced in Paris.
    (MC, 4/27/02)

1877        Dec 30, Joseph Stevens Jones (b.~1809-1811), physician, Boston actor and playwright, died. He authored some 100 patriotic melodramas.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stevens_Jones)

1879        Jun 16, Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuted at Bowery Theater in NYC.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1880        San Francisco theater magnate Tom McGuire lost money on his ill-fated play about the life of Jesus, "The Passion." He soon moved back to New York City where he died in poverty and relative obscurity in 1896.
    (SFC, 7/24/21, p.B5)

1881        Apr 23, Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" was produced in London.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1882        May 20, Henrik Ibsen's "Ghosts" (Gengangere) premiered in Chicago.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1882        Dec 11, Boston's Bijou Theatre, the first American playhouse to be lighted exclusively by electricity, gave its first performance: Gilbert and Sullivan's "Iolanthe, Or The Peer and the Peri."
    (AP, 12/11/08)

1883        Apr 14, Leo Delibes' opera "Lakme," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1883        Sep 14, A Ukase barred Yiddish theater in Russia.

1883        Oscar Wilde’s first play, “Vera," flopped in NYC. It was inspired by the 1878 shooting of a repressive general of the Russian Czar by revolutionary Vera Zasulich.
    (SFC, 9/24/08, p.E1)

1884        Feb 11, In San Francisco a burlesque called “Mooneysville, or the Fate of a Seal," written by humorist Charley Reed, opened at the Standard theater.
    (SFC, 6/24/17, p.C2)

1885        Mar 14, Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Mikado," premiered in London.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A20)(MC, 3/14/02)

1885        Mar 20, Yiddish theater opened in NY with Goldfaden operetta.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1885        Jun 6, Leo Delibes' opera "Lakme" was produced in Paris.
    (MC, 6/6/02)

1885        Aug 31, Duboise Heyward, novelist, poet and dramatist best know for "Porgy" which was the basis for the opera "Porgy and Bess," was born.
    (HN, 8/31/98)

1887        May 18, Emmanuel Chabrier’s opera "Le Roi Malgré Luis" premiered in Paris, France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1887        May 25, Gas lamp at Paris Opera caught fire and 200 died.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1887        Sep 5, A gas lamp at Theater Royal in Exeter started a fire killing about 200.
    (MC, 9/5/01)

1888        Mar 10, The 1st performance of Cesar Franck's "Psyche."
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1888        Mar 21, Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1888        May 7, Edouard Lalo's opera "Le roi d'Ys," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1889        Mar 14, "MIss Julie," a play by Swedish dramatist Johan August Strindberg (1849-1912), premiered. Strindberg wrote the play in 1888 and preceded it with a preface which discusses his ideas of naturalism and how they apply to the play.
    (SFC, 9/27/19, p.E3)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miss_Julie)

1889        May 18, Jules Massenet’s opera "Esclarmonde" premiered in Paris, France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1889        Oct 6, The Moulin Rouge in Paris first opened its doors to the public. Women who made a living washing linen by day transformed themselves into dancers at night.
    (AP, 10/6/97)(Reuters, 10/7/19)

1890        Jan 9, Karel Capek (d.1938), Czech writer and playwright, was born. He is best remembered for his 1921 play R.U.R. which contained the first use of the word "robot."
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karel_%C4%8Capek)

1891        May 15, Jules Massenet's opera "Griselde," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1892        Feb 16, The opera “Werther" premiered at the Imperial Theatre Hofoper in Vienna. It was composed in 1887 by French composer Jules Massenet based on Goethe’s 1774 novel "The Sorrows of Young Werther."
    (SFC, 9/17/10, p.F1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werther)

1892        May 21, The opera "I Pagliacci," by Ruggiero Leoncavallo, was first performed, in Milan, Italy.
    (AP, 5/21/97)

1892        Dec 9, "Widowers' Houses," George Bernard Shaw's first play, opened at the Royalty Theater in London.
    (AP, 12/9/06)

1893        Apr 19, The Oscar Wilde play "A Woman of No Importance" opened at the Haymarket Theatre in London.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)(AP, 4/19/03)

1893        Oct 7, In England the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta “Utopia Limited-or the Flowers of Progress" premiered and ran for 245 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utopia,_Limited)(Econ, 1/3/15, p.20)

1894        Apr 21, George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1894        Oct 29, The opera “Rob Roy" opened around Herald Square, NYC. The old Waldorf Hotel was near Herald Square and soon produced the Rob Roy drink, Scotch whisky and sweet vermouth.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=7669)(WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P10)

1896        Feb 1, The first production of Puccini’s opera "La Boheme" was performed in Turin.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, SFEM p.4)(AP, 2/1/97)

1896        Mar 7, Gilbert and Sullivan's last operetta "Grand Duke," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1896        Mar 23, Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chénier" premiered in Milan.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1896        Mar 28, The opera "Andrea Chenier," by Umberto Giordano, premiered in Milan, Italy.
    (AP, 3/28/97)

1896        Apr 14, John Philip Sousa's opera, "El Capitan," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1896        Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian playwright, authored “John Gabriel Borkman." This was Ibsen’s penultimate play.
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.100)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gabriel_Borkman)

1897        Apr 19, 1st performance of Debussy's "Pelleas et Melisande."
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1897        May 18, Paul Dukas "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market" premiered.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1897        "The Theater of the Great Puppet" - known as the Grand Guignol – opened as a theater in the Pigalle area of Paris (at 20 bis, rue Chaptal). From its opening until its closing in 1962, it specialised in naturalistic horror shows.

1898        The William Morris Agency began representing vaudeville performers.
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.65)

1899        Aug 31, Lynn Riggs, writer, was born. Her book "Green Grow the Lilacs" was adapted by Rodgers and Hammerstein to become "Oklahoma."
    (HN, 8/31/00)

1900        Feb 2, Gustave Charpentier's opera "Louise" premiered in Paris.

1900        The London show Florodora was brought to NYC and featured the Florodora  Sextette. Evelyn Nesbit, one of the sextette, later married Harry Kendall Thaw, playboy heir to a Pittsburgh coal fortune. In 1906 Thaw killed architect Stanford White, who had frolicked with Nesbit during the Florodora run [see June 25, 1906].
    (WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P10)

1901        Mar 19, Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), was born in Paris.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1902        Apr 30, Debussy's opera "Pelleas et Melisande" premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1902        Sep 29, Broadway impresario David Belasco reopened the Republic Theatre under his own name.
    (AP, 9/29/08)

1903        Jan 30, Here is a live operatic performance recording of the opening scene excerpt from Act 2 of Leoncavallo's "I Pagliacci". It was recorded Live by Lionel Mapleson at Metropolitan Opera House, New York, on a two minute Wax cylinder.

1904        Mar 2, Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio" premiered in Milan.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1904        Apr 14, George Bernard Shaw's "Candide," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1904        Aug 20, Dublin’s Abbey Theatre was founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory.
    (HN, 8/20/00)

1904        Dec 27, Duke of York Theatre opened in London with the 1st performance “Peter Pan: The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up," a dream-play written by J.M. Barrie.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.D1)(www.amrep.org/past/peter/peter1.html)

1905        Mar 22, Ruth Page, US choreographer, ballet leader (Diaghilev, Pygmalion), was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1905        Oct 13, Henry Irving (b.1838), British actor, died in England. In 2008 Michael Holroyd authored “A Strange Eventful History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen Terry, Henry Irving and Their Remarkable Families." Irving was the first actor to be awarded a British knighthood (1895).
    {Britain, Theater, Biography}
    (WSJ, 3/6/09, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellen_Terry)

1905        Dec 9, Richard Strauss' opera "Salome," premiered in Dresden. Soprano Marie Wittich delegated the dance of the seven veils to a member of the corps de ballet.
    (http://operetta.stanford.edu/Strauss/Salome/main.html)(WSJ, 10/16/03, p.D8)

1906        Mar 19, Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi," premiered in Munich.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1906        Mar 20, George B. Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1906        Mar 31, G.B. Shaw's German version of "Caesar and Cleopatra," premiered in Berlin.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1906        Jun 25, A love triangle came to a violent end atop New York's Madison Square Garden as architect Stanford White, the building's designer, was shot to death by Harry Thaw, for an alleged tryst White had with Thaw's wife, Florence Evelyn Nesbit. Thaw, tried for murder, was acquitted by reason of insanity. At the time this was called "The Crime of the Century."
    (HN, 6/25/99)(AP, 6/25/06)

1907        Jan 26, John Millington Synge’s “The Playboy of the Western World" opened at the Abbey Theater in Dublin. Many Irish nationalists found it so offensive that they embarked on a semi-organized campaign to bring down the production.
    (SFC, 12/30/06, p.E1)(www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=10167)

1907        Mar 2, Georges Feydeaus' "La Puce à l'Oreille" premiered in Paris, France.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1907        May 10, Paul Dukas' opera "Ariane et Barbe Bleue," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1908        Mar 20, Michael Redgrave (d.1985), actor (Browning Version, Lady Vanishes), was born in Bristol, England.

1908        May 12, George Bernard Shaw's "Getting Married," premiered in London.
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1908        May 27, Harold Rome (d.1993), American composer, lyricist, and writer for musical theater, was born in Hartford, Connecticut.

1908        Aug 4, Bronson Howard (b.1842), playwright and Detroit-born founder of the American Dramatist’s Club, died in New Jersey.

1908        Aug 26, Tony Pastor (b.1837), singer and actor, died. He is considered to be the father of American vaudeville.

1908        Nov 17, Lydia Thompson (b.1838), English-born vaudeville actress, died.

1908        Dec 12, Luis Peraza (d.1974), Venezuelan dramatist, was born.

1908        Archie Lindo (d.1990), Jamaican playwright, was born.

1908        James Nelson Barker created his dramatization of historical American life in “The Indian Princess," probably the first dramatic version of the story of Pocahontas. The operatic melodrama premiered in Philadelphia.

1908        Avrom Goldfadn (b.1840), poet, playwright and composer, died in NYC. He is known as the Father of Yiddish theater.

1909        Mar 6, Gerhart Hauptmann's "Griselda," premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1909        Mar 24, John Millington Synge (b.1871), Irish dramatist and poet, died in Dublin. He is best known for his play “The Playboy of the Western World," which caused riots during its opening run at the Abbey Theatre.

1909        Mar 26, August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premiered in Stockholm.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1909        Apr 19, The new Orpheum Theater opened in San Francisco, Ca.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, DB p.45)

1909        Ferenc Molnar (1878-1952), Hungarian dramatist and writer, wrote “Liliom," which later was turned into the musical “Carousel" (1945). During WWII he emigrated to the US.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferenc_Molnar)

1909        The 1,300-seat Columbia Theater was constructed in SF and named after a major venue destroyed by the 1906 earthquake. It was designed by Walter Bliss and William Faville, who also designed the St. Francis Hotel. In 1928 it was renamed the Geary Theater. It was badly damaged in the 1989 earthquake. It opened in 1910 with “Father and the Boys."
    (WSJ, 11/16/95, p.A-18)(SFC, 10/21/04, p.A15)(SFC, 9/15/06, p.E2)

1910        Feb 7, Edmond Rostand's "Chanticleer," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1910        Dec 10, The NY Metropolitan Opera premiered “La Fanciulla del West" (The Girl of the West) by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). It was based on the play “The Girl of the Golden West" by the American author David Belasco, set in the California gold rush.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_fanciulla_del_West)(SFC, 6/16/16, p.E7)

1910        Harley Granville-Barker wrote his play “The Madras House."
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P9)

1910        In San Francisco the Clay Theater on Fillmore St. opened as a nickelodeon. The single-screen theater closed down in 2010.
    (SFC, 8/23/10, p.E1)(SFC, 2/18/12, p.C1)
1910        In San Francisco the Mission Theater was constructed in 3 parts between this year and 1932. James and Merritt Reid did the original design. In 1932 Timothy Pflueger redesigned the old Premium Theater and incorporated it into the lobby of the New Mission. It was shuttered in 1993. In 2003 it was purchased by developer Gus Murad from City College for $4.5 million. In 2012 Murad proposed to renovate it as a 5-screen movie house.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A13)(SFC, 12/25/03, p.A20)(SFC, 1/10/13, p.D1)

1911        Mar 20, Winter Garden Theater opened at 1634 Broadway, NYC.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1911        May 29, William Schwenck Gilbert (74), writer (Gilbert & Sullivan), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1911        The Empress Theater in Vallejo, Ca., was built. It opened for business in 1912.
    (SSFC, 10/15/17, p.N2)

1912        Nov 26, Eugene Ionesco, dramatist (Rhinoceros), was born in Slatina, Romania. [see Nov 13 and Nov 26, 1909]
    (WUD, 1994 p.750)(MC, 11/26/01)

1913        Mar 25, The home of vaudeville, the Palace Theatre, opened in New York City starring Ed Wynn.
    (AP, 3/24/98)(MC, 3/25/02)

1913        May 3, William Inge, American playwright (Picnic, Bus Stop), was born.
    (HN, 5/3/01)

1913        Aug 19, San Francisco’s Orpheum theater headlined W.C. Fields (1880-1946), a comedy juggler, as “the silent humorist."
    (SSFC, 8/19/12, DB p.42)

1913        Sep 1, George Bernard Shaw’s "Androcles and the Lion," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1913        Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935), Ukraine born artist, designed the costumes for the opera “Victory Over the Sun."
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.96)(Econ, 12/21/13, SR p.5)

1914        Apr 11, George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion," premiered.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1914        Aug 19, Elmer Rice' "On Trial," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 8/19/02)

1915        Feb 28, Zero "Samuel" Mostel (d.1977), actor (Fiddler on the Roof), was born in Brooklyn.

1915        Apr 6, Tadeusz Kantor (d.1990), Polish director and theorist, was born in Galicia, a part of Austria-Hungary.
    (SFC, 1/14/15, p.E5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadeusz_Kantor)

1915        Apr 15, Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1915        Jun 21, In San Francisco Al Jolson and the Winter garden show opened “Dancing Around" following a 20 week run in NYC.
    (SSFC, 6/7/15, DB p.50)

1915        Dec 7, Eli Wallach (d.2014), American film, TV and stage actor, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SFC, 1/14/15, p.E5)

1916        Apr 23, Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1917        Apr 7, De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1917        Apr 12, Domenico Scarlatti's and Jean Cocteau's ballet premiered in Rome.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1917        May 3, Betty Comden (d.2006), librettist, was born in Brooklyn, NY, as Basya Cohen. She became one-half of the musical-comedy duo Comden and Green, who provided lyrics, libretti, and screenplays to some of the most beloved and successful Hollywood musicals and Broadway shows of the mid-20th century.

1917        May 18, Satie-Massine-Picasso's ballet "Parade" premiered in Paris, France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1918        Jun 6, In San Francisco the Royal Theater at Polk and California streets featured a double bill for today and tomorrow with William S. Hart in "The Tiger Man" and Fatty Arbuckle in "Moonshine." Al St. John and Buster Keaton played supporting roles with Arbuckle.
    (SSFC, 6/10/18, DB p.58)

1918        Aug 19, "Yip! Yip! Yaphank," a musical revue by Irving Berlin featuring Army recruits from Camp Upton in Yaphank, N.Y., opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 8/19/08)

1918        Aug 31, Alan Jay Lerner, playwright and lyricist, was born. His work included "Brigadoon" and "Camelot."
    (HN, 8/31/00)

1918        Nov 17, Live theater re-opened in San Francisco as the Spanish flu threat appeared to end.
    (SSFC, 8/30/20, p.J2)

1918        Gilda Gray inspired a dance craze after she performed "The Shimmy" to W.C. Handy's Saint Louis Blues in a Broadway show.
    (ON, 1/03, p.9)

1920        Mar 2, Karel Capek’s "Loupeznik" premiered in Prague.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1920        Sep 2, W. Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/2/01)

1920        Aug 23, M.R. Rinehart and A. Hopwood's "Bat," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1921        Jan 25, Karel Capek's " R.U.R.: Rossum's Universal Robots" (1920), premiered in Prague. The play introduced the term robot (robota for forced labor).

1921        May 9, The play "Sei Personaggi in Cerca d'Autore" (Six Characters in Search of an Author) by Luigi Pirandello (1867-1936) premiered in Rome.

1921        Oct 23, Leos Janacek (1854-1928) completed his opera "Katya Kabanov," and it premiered in Brno. It was inspired by Alexander Ostrovsky’s mid 19th century play "The Storm."
    (WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A7)(WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A12)(MC, 10/23/01)

1922        Feb 7, John Willard's "Cat & the Canary," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1922        Mar 4, Bert Williams (b.1874), Antigua-born black actor, mime and singer, died after collapsing onstage in Detroit. In 2005 Caryl Phillips authored “Dancing in the Dark," a novel based on Bert Williams. His recordings included “Nobody."
    (www.duboislc.org/ShadesOfBlack/BertWms.html)(SFC, 2/11/08, p.E1)

1922        Mar 5, "Nosferatu" premiered in Berlin.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1922        Mar 6, G.B. Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh III/IV," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1922        Mar 9, Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1922        Mar 13, George Bernard Shaw’s "Back to Methusaleh V," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1922        May 23, "Abbie’s Irish Rose" opened for the 1st of over 2,500 performances.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1923        Sep 4, Noel Coward's revue "London Calling," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1924        Mar 26, Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1924        Apr 21, Eleanora Duse (b.1858), Italian actress (La Gioconda, La Locandiera), died in Pittsburgh at age 64. In 2003 Helen Sheehy authored "Eleonora Duse: A Biography."
    (WSJ, 8/22/03, p.W10)(http://tinyurl.com/6x59r)

1924        May 8, Arthur Honegger's "Pacifica 231," premiered.
    (MC, 5/8/02)

1924        Sep 2, The Rudolf Friml operetta "Rose Marie" opened on Broadway and ran for 558 performances. Producer Arthur Hammerstein ordered that it be written for singer Mary Ellis (1897-2003).
    (AP, 9/2/99)(SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)

1924        Sep 3, "What Price Glory?", written by Maxwell Anderson and Lawrence Stallings premiered in NYC. It was turned into a film in 1926 and again in 1952.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=9568)(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1924        Noel Coward (1899-1973) wrote, directed and starred in “The Vortex," a play about drug abuse among the English upper classes.
    (Econ, 12/15/07, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noel_Coward)

1924        French Count Etienne de Beaumont commissioned the ballet “Mercure" from painter Picasso, composer Eric Satie and choreographer Leonide Massine.
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.99)(www.ltmpub.freeserve.co.uk/satiecubism.html)

1925        Mar 21, Peter Brook, director, was born in west London. In 2005 Michael Kustow authored “Peter Brook: A Biography."
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.89)

1925        Apr 23, The 1st London performance of operetta "Fasquita" was staged.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1925        May 12, John Simon, theater critic, was born.
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1925        May 31, Julian Beck, theater manager, was born.
    (HN, 5/31/01)

1925        Apr 23, The 1st London performance of operetta "Fasquita" was staged.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1926        Actress Mae West starred in the Broadway play “Sex." The comedy-drama "Sex" caused a scandal and police closed it down in 1927 after 375 performances.
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P10)(SSFC, 4/15/01, DB p.35)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.D2)
1926        In northern California W.J. Clark built the Vacaville Theater.
    (SSFC, 1/8/17, p.A5)

1927        Mar 22, Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1927        Apr 19, Rudolf Friml's "Vagabond King" opened in London.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1927        Apr 27, Actress Mae West was released from jail after 10 days. She and the entire cast and producers of her Broadway play “Sex" had been thrown in jail. The 1926 Mae West comedy-drama "Sex" caused a scandal and police closed it down after 375 performances.
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P10)(SSFC, 4/15/01, DB p.35)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.D2)

1927        May 13, Clive Barnes, drama critic (NY Times, NY Post), was born.
    (MC, 5/13/02)
1927        May 13, Herbert Ross, director, choreographer (Footloose), was born.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1927        Jul 4, Neil Simon, (Marvin Neil Simon) American playwright, was born in New York City. His many hit plays include "Barefoot in the Park", "The Odd Couple", "Sweet Charity", "The Sunshine Boys", "Prisoner of Second Avenue", "Biloxi Blues" and "Lost in Yonkers" for which he was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1991.
    (HN, 7/4/98)(IB, 12/7/98)

1927        In San Francisco the Avenue Theater opened on San Bruno Avenue in the southeastern Portola District. In the mid 1960s it was taken over by the Lyric photoplay Film Society, which operated it until 1984.
    (SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A2)(SFC, 9/16/17 p.C4)

1928        Mar 13, Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1928        Mar 22, Noel Coward's musical "This Year of Grace," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1928        Apr 9, Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil."
    (MC, 4/9/02)

1928        Jul 21, Dame Ellen Terry (b.1847), British actress, died in England. In 2008 Michael Holroyd authored “A Strange Eventful History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen Terry, Henry Irving and Their Remarkable Families." Her relationship with actor Henry Irving (d.1905) lasted over 2 decades.
    (Econ, 8/30/08, p.79)(WSJ, 3/6/09, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellen_Terry)

1928        Aug 14, The play "Front Page" by Ben Hecht (1894-1964) and Charles MacArthur (1895-1956) premiered in NYC.

1928        Aug 31, Brecht and Kurt Weill’s "The Threepenny Opera" opened in Berlin.
    (HN, 8/31/00)(MC, 8/31/01)

1928        Sep 12, Actress Katharine Hepburn (b.1907) made her stage debut in "The Czarina."
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1929        Jan, The 1,500-seat New Sequoia Theater opened in Redwood City, Ca. It was built by Ellis John Arkush and was the first of the Peninsula show houses to be wired for talking pictures. It featured a Moorish-style interior and a Gothic exterior. In the 1950s it was redesigned in an Art Deco style. In 1993 it was listed on the US Registry of Historic Places. In 1998 it was sold for $2 million.
    (Ind, 5/13/00,5A)(SFC, 4/14/01, p.A15)(SFC, 8/27/15, p.E6)

1929        Mar 9, Marcel Pagnol's "Marius," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1929        Apr 4, Sigmund Romberg's "New Moon" musical opened in London.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1929        Jun 28, In San Francisco movie mogul William Fox unveiled his $5 million “theater of dreams." The SF Fox Theater closed in 1963.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, DB p.42)

1929        Sep 16, Boston Mayor Nichols banned the performance of Eugene O'Neill play "Strange Interlude" on the grounds that it was obscene. The play had never been banned anywhere, and many Bostonians wanted to see it, but the mayor would not change his mind. The mayor of neighboring Quincy, Mass., allowed the play to be performed there on September 30th, and it played to sold-out crowds for a month. This was later among events covered in the book “Censorship of the American Theatre in the 20th Century" (2003).

1930         Mar 16 For the first time, a live opera performance was transmitted via shortwave from Dresden Germany and received by NBC in New York, which broadcasted the event for American listeners. Unfortunately, reception was poor and Americans only heard about 20 minutes of the opera, "Fidelio."
    (NY Times, 3/17/1930, p.33)

1930        Apr 14, Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1930        "La Dolorosa," a zarzuela or Spanish type of operetta, was written. It was performed in 1996 at the new Jarvis Conservatory in Napa, California.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1930        The opera "Transatlantic" by George Antheil had its premiere in Frankfurt 10 months after Kurt Weill’s "Mahagonny."
    (WSJ, 4/23/98, p.A16)
1930        Richard Strauss recomposed Mozart’s opera "Idomeneo."
    (WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A16)

1931        Feb 7, US opera, "Peter Ibbetson," by Deems Taylor premiered at Met Opera NYC.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1931        Apr 6, 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1931        May 8, Franz Lehar's operetta,  "Land of Smiles," premiered in London.
    (MC, 5/8/02)

1931        The Broadway show "Everybody’s Welcome" featured the song "As Time Goes By" by Herman Hupfield.
    (SFC, 9/30/97, p.A21)

1931        The George Gershwin musical "Of Thee I Sing" was premiered. It won a Pulitzer Prize.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, p.D5)

1931        Odon von Horvath wrote his musical play "Tales From the Vienna Woods."
    (WSJ, 10/30/03, p.D10)

1931        Cole Porter's "New Yorkers" featured Elisabeth Welch and the song "Love for Sale."
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A29)

1932        Apr 4, George Bernard Shaw's "Too True to be Good," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1932        Apr 12, Emmanuel Chabrier's and Balanchine's ballet premiered in Monte Carlo.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1932        Apr 23, The Royal Shakespeare Theatre opened at Stratford-on-Avon. It replaced one built in 1879 that burned down in 1926.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,,1740490,00.html)(Econ, 3/31/07, p.91)

1932            Jul 22, Florenz Ziegfeld (b.1869), US theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies), died. In 2008 Ethan Mordden authored “Ziegfeld: The Man Who Invented Show Business."
        (http://www.ibdb.com/person.asp?ID=5539)(WSJ, 11/14/08, p.W10)

1934        Jan 22, Dmitri Shostakovich premiered his 1932 opera: "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District," in Leningrad.
    (WSJ, 5/7/02, p.D7)(WSJ, 5/2/03, p.W6)

1934        Feb 7, The opera "Four Saints in Three Acts" by Gertrude Stein and Virgil Thomson premiered in Hartford, Conn. It debuted on Broadway on Feb 20 and became the longest running opera in Broadway history. It was centered on St. Teresa of Avila and St. Ignatius and ran to 4 acts that included 30 saints. It has been called "a surrealist American folk opera." In 1997 Anthony Tommasini wrote Virgil’s biography: "Virgil Thompson: Composer on the Aisle." In 1999 Steven Watson authored "Prepare for Saints: Gertrude Stein, Virgil Thomson, and the Mainstreaming of American Modernism.
    (WSJ, 2/1/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A9)(BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.2)(Econ, 10/3/15, p.90)

1934        Aug 12, Augustus E. Thomas (b.1857), American Playwright, died. He is often called the first playwright to deal in thoroughly American themes.

1934        Aug 27, Arlen, Ira Gershwin & Harburg musical premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1934        Nov 21, The Cole Porter musical “Anything Goes," starring Ethel Merman as Reno Sweeney, premiered at New York's Alvin Theatre.
    (HN, 11/21/00)(AP, 11/21/04)

1934        Lena Horne (1917-2010) made her Broadway debut in “Dance With Your Gods."
    (SFC, 5/10/10, p.C4)

1935        Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) wrote the libretto for the opera Die Schweigsame Frau (The Silent Woman) with music by Richard Strauss. It was banned by the Nazis and Zweig was driven into exile.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.91)

1936        Apr 11, Rodgers' & Hammerstein's musical "On Your Toes," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1936        Aug 21, Mart Crowley, playwright (Boys in the Band), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1937        May 21, The San Francisco Theater Union premiered the first stage version of John Steinbeck’s “Of Mice and Men."   
    (SSFC, 5/13/12, p.42)

1937        Jul 11, George Gershwin (b.1898 as Jacob Gershowitz), composer, died of a brain tumor at age 38 in Beverly Hills, Ca. His work included "Cuban Overture."  He wrote his first hit, "Swanee," in 1918 for the Broadway show, "Sinbad," starring Al Jolson. George Gershwin wrote the scores for such Broadway shows as "Funny Face," "Porgy and Bess" and "Of Thee I Sing" (his first musical to win a Pulitzer Prize [1932]). Gershwin played the piano at the premiere of his widely acclaimed "Rhapsody in Blue" in 1924, accompanied by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra. Gershwin’s song hits included "The Man I Love," "’S Wonderful," "Summertime" and "Love Is Here to Stay." The lyrics for many of his songs were written by his brother Ira. He was born September 26, 1898, in Brooklyn, NYC, NY. to Russian Jewish immigrants.
    (www.gershwin.com/)(SFC, 12/4/96, p.E1)(WSJ, 9/24/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 8/16/98, DB p.38)

1937        Nov 4, The Clifford Odets play "Golden Boy" opened at the Belasco Theatre in NYC.
    (WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-18)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=12308)

1937        Orson Welles produced a theater version of "Julius Caesar." Norman Lloyd (1914-2021) played the poet Cinna.
    (SSFC, 5/16/21, p.F1)

1937        The Rodgers and Hart  Broadway musical comedy “Babes in Arms" was choreographed by George Balanchine and featured the Nicholas Brothers tap dancing duo.
    (SFC, 8/19/97, p.A1)(SSFC, 1/29/06, p.B7)

1937        The play "The Cradle Will Rock" by Marc Blitzstein was a part of the Federal Theatre Project. It was directed by Orson Welles and produced by John Houseman.

1937        J.B. Priestley (1894-1984), English novelist and playwright, authored his play “Time and the Conways." It illustrated J. W. Dunne's Theory Of Time through the experience of a moneyed Yorkshire family, the Conways, over a period of roughly 20 years from 1919 to 1937.
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._B._Priestley)

1937        Alban Berg (1885-1935), Austrian composer, wrote his opera "Lulu." It was based on two dramas by German fin-de-siecle playwright Frank Wedekind (1864-1918). It tells the story of a sexually attractive dancer who several men and women become obsessed with, often dying as a result, and who ends up as a prostitute murdered by Jack the Ripper.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alban_Berg)(AP, 2/5/10)

1938        Jan 22, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town," a portrait of small-town life in Grover's Corners, NH, was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, N.J. It opened on Broadway on Feb 4.
    (AP, 2/4/97)(AP, 1/22/98)

1938        Jun 7, The 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast: "Susan & God."
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1938        Sep 22, The musical comedy revue "Hellzapoppin'," starring Ole Olsen and Chic Johnson, began a three-year run on Broadway.
    (AP, 9/22/06)

1939        Mar 28, Philip Barry's "Philadelphia Story," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1939        Apr 13, W. Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1939        Apr 17, S.N. Behrman's "No Time for Comedy," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1939        May 6, 1st performance of Honegger and Claudel's "Jeanne d'Arc at the Stake."
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1939        Nov 27, The play "Key Largo," by Maxwell Anderson, opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theater in New York. James Gregory made his Broadway debut.
    (AP, 11/27/97)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A24)

1939        Berthold Brecht wrote his play "Mother Courage and Her Children." It was set during the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) between the German Catholics and Swedish Lutherans.
    (WSJ, 1/24/97, p.A13)(WSJ, 10/23/01, p.A24)

1939        Lena Horne (1917-2010) performed in the Broadway revue “Lew Leslie’s Blackbirds of 1939." The revue ran for 9 performances.
    (SFC, 5/10/10, p.C4)

1940        Mar 10, 1st US opera was telecast in NYC: "Pagliacci."
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1940        Apr 4, Richard Rodgers' and Lorenz Hart's "Higher & Higher," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1940        Apr 29, Robert Sherwood's "There Shall be No Night," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/29/02)

1940        May 28, Irving Berlin's musical "Louisiana Purchase," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1940        Oct 15, Charles Chaplin's first all-talking comedy, "The Great Dictator," a lampoon of Adolf Hitler, opened at two theaters in New York with Chaplin and his wife, co-star Paulette Goddard, making appearances in both locations.
    (AP, 10/15/02)

1940        Oct 25, The musical play “Cabin in the Sky" opened with an all black cast at the Martin Beck Theater on Broadway. It featured Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) and her dance troupe.

1940        The blues opera "De Organizer," written by Langston Hughes and James P. Johnson, was performed in NYC.
    (SFC, 12/30/02, p.D3)

1941        Apr 1, Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1941        Apr 19, B. Brecht's 1939 play "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder (Mother Courage and her Children)," premiered in Zurich.

1942        Mar 1, J. Milton Cage Jr.’s "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premiered in Chicago.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1942        Jul 4, Irving Berlin’s musical review "This Is the Army" opened at the Broadway Theater in New York.
    (AP, 7/4/00)

1942        Oct 16, The ballet "Rodeo," with music by Aaron Copland and choreography by Agnes de Mille, premiered at New York's Metropolitan Opera House.
    (AP, 10/16/02)

1943        Mar 3, F. Ryerson and Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premiered in New York NY.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1943        Mar 31, The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Oklahoma!" opened at the St. James Theatre on Broadway. Celeste Holm sang the show-stopping number “I Cain’t Say No." Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein hired Agnes de Mille for the choreography. The original is only on documentary videotape and the 1954 film was a "bloated mess."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1943)(WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-16)(AP, 3/30/97)(SFC, 7/16/12, p.C4)

1943        Apr 8, Michael Bennett, AIDS victim, choreographer (Chorus Line)  and theater director, was born as Michael Bennett DiFiglia.
    (NYT, 7/3/87, P.A1)

1943        Apr 29, Noel Coward's "Present Laughter," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/29/02)

1943        Apr 30, Rene Blum (b.1878), art critic and impresario, died in Auschwitz. Blum became director of plays and operettas at Monte Carlo in 1924. In 1931 he was hired to form the Ballet of the Opera of Monte-Carlo by Prince Louis II of Monaco. His brother was Leon Blum, the first Jewish prime minister of France. In 2011 Judith Chazin-Bennahum authored “Rene Blum and the Ballet Russes: In Search of a Lost Life."
    (SSFC, 8/28/11, p.F4)

1943        Aug 9, Bertolt Brecht's "Galileo," premiered in Zurich.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1943        The NYC Opera was established by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia to bring high culture at low prices to ordinary New Yorkers. In 2013 the company filed for banktuptcy.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.34)

1944        Apr 12, Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1944        Apr 18, Leonard Bernstein and Jerome Robbins' ballet premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1944        May 3, "Meet Me in St Louis" opened on Broadway.
    (MC, 5/3/02)

1944        Aug 20, "Anna Lucasta," opened on Broadway.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1944        Oct 19, The play "I Remember Mama," by John van Druten, opened at the Music Box Theater on Broadway.
    (AP, 10/19/04)

1944         The play "The Man Who Had All the Luck," Arthur Miller's 1st play, premiered.
    (SFC, 3/10/04, p.D1)

1944        The Philip Yordan (d.2003) play "Anna Lucasta," 1st produced by the American Negro Theater in Harlem, moved to Broadway. A film version with an all-white cast was made in 1949. Another with an all-black cast was made in 1958.
    (SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A23)

1945        Mar 6, Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa," premiered in Buenos Aires.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1945        Mar 8, "Kiss Me Kate" opened in Britain.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1945        Mar 31, The Tennessee Williams play "The Glass Menagerie" premiered on Broadway.
    (AP, 3/31/97)

1945        Apr 19, The Rodgers and Hammerstein adopted Ferenc Molnar’s "Lilliom" and produced the musical "Carousel" on Broadway.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.40)(AP, 4/19/97)

1945        Jun 7, The opera "Peter Grimes" by Benjamin Britten," premiered in London.

1945        Nov 28, Dina Merrill (1923-2017) made her Broadway debut with “The Mermaids Singing."
    (SFC, 5/24/17, p.D6)

1945        Dec 27, The play “Home of the Brave" by Arthur Laurents (1917-2011) premiered on Broadway.
    (SSFC, 5/8/11, p.D9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Laurents)

1946        May 16, The Irving Berlin musical "Annie Get Your Gun" opened on Broadway starring Ethel Merman as Annie Oakley. The play closed in 1949 after 1,147 performances.
    (AP, 5/16/97)(SFC, 4/24/99, p.A10)

1946        Jul 12, Benjamin Britten's "Rape of Lucretia," premiered in Glyndebourne.
    (MC, 7/12/02)

1946        Sep 6, Terence Rattigan's "Winslow Boy," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/6/01)

1946        Jean and Walter Kerr made their Broadway debut with an adaptation of the "Song of Bernadette" from Franz Werfel’s novel.
    (MC, 3/8/02)(SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)

1946        The musical "St. Louis Woman" was based on a novel by Arna Bontemps. The music was by Harold Arlen and the lyrics by Johnny Mercer and featured the Nicholas Brothers tap dancing duo in lead roles.
    (WSJ, 5/6/98, p.A20)(SSFC, 1/29/06, p.B7)

1946        Actress Mitzi Gaynor got her start in San Francisco with the Civic Light Opera Company’s “Roberta." She went on to become a stage and screen star.
    (SSFC, 6/29/08, DB p.58)

1947        Mar 13, The Lerner and Loewe musical "Brigadoon" opened on Broadway for 581 performances.
    (AP, 3/13/97)(http://ibdb.com/production.php?id=1534)

1947        Apr 6, The first Tony awards were presented at a dinner in the Grand Ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria on Easter Sunday. They were named in honor of Antoinette Perry (1888-1946), chairman of the board and secretary of the American Theatre Wing throughout World War II.

1947        May 7, The opera "The Mother of Us All," by Gertrude Stein and Virgil Thompson, premiered at the Brander Matthews Theater of Columbia Univ. They wrote it as a meditation on the life of Susan B. Anthony.
    (WSJ, 8/6/98, p.A13)(WSJ, 2/5/04, p.A13)

1947        Arthur Miller wrote his play "All My Sons."
    (WSJ, 5/20/98, p.A12)

1947        Red Buttons (1919-2006) appeared on Broadway in George Abbott’s musical “Barefoot Boy With Cheek."
    (SFC, 7/14/06, p.B9)

1947        Eugene O’Neill’s play “A Moon for the Misbegotten" failed. It did not gain recognition as being among his best works until decades later.

1948        Mar 22, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Broadway composer, was born. His works include "Phantom of the Opera" and "Cats."
    (AP, 3/22/99)(HN, 3/22/97)

1948        May 18, "Ballet Ballads" opened at Music Box Theater in NYC for 62 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1948        Jul 31, "Brigadoon" closed at Ziegfeld Theater in NYC after 581 performances.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1948        Oct 6, The play “Summer and Smoke" by Tennessee Williams received its first Broadway performance at the Music Box Theatre in New York City, in a production staged by Margo Jones and designed by Jo Mielziner with Tod Andrews, Margaret Phillips, Monica Boyar and Anne Jackson (1925-2016). The play ran for 102 performances and, at the time.

1948        Red Buttons appeared on Broadway in the musical “Hold It."
    (SFC, 7/14/06, p.B9)
1948        Kitty Carlisle sang in the US premier of Benjamin Britten’s opera “The Rape of Lucretia."
(SFC, 4/19/07, p.A2)
1948        Kurt Weill and Arnold Sundgaard (1910-2006) premiered their folk opera "Down in the Valley" at Indiana Univ.
    (SFC,12/25/97, p.A25)(SFC, 11/10/06, p.B8)
1948        The Broadway show “Love Life" featured Nanette Fabray with songs by Alan Jay Lerner and Kurt Weill.
    (SSFC, 2/25/18, p.C9)

1949        Feb 10, Arthur Miller's play "Death of a Salesman" opened at Broadway's Morosco Theater with Lee J. Cobb as Willy Loman. The play depicting the false dreams of Willy Loman won a Tony Award and a Pulitzer Prize.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 5/13/96, p. A-16)(AP, 2/10/08)

1949        Mar 23, Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premiered in NYC.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1949        Apr 24, In the 3rd Tony Awards: "Death of a Salesman" and "Kiss Me Kate" won.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1949        May 2, Arthur Miller won Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman."
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1950        Feb 15, WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba," premiered in NYC.

1950        Mar 15, "Consul" opened at Barrymore Theater in NYC.

1950        Mar 23, "Great to Be Alive" opened at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 52 performances.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1950        Apr 24, "Peter Pan" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 320 performances.

1950        May 18, "Liar" opened at Broadhurst Theater in NYC for 12 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1950        Sep 9, "Where's Charley?" closed at St James Theater NYC after 792 performances.

1950        Nov 24, The musical "Guys and Dolls," based on the writings of Damon Runyon and featuring songs by Frank Loesser (1910-1969), opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 11/24/06)

1950        Robert Sidney (1909-2008) stage-directed “Bing Crosby on Broadway."
    (SFC, 4/2/08, p.B9)

1951        Mar 7, Lillian Hellman's "Autumn Garden," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1951        Apr 3, Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners," premiered in Oxford.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1951        May 23, Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels," premiered in London.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1951        Sep 15, "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" closed at Ziegfeld NYC after 740 performances.

1951        Dec 1, Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd," premiered in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Budd_%28opera%29)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.73)

1951        Arnold Sundgaard collaborated with Douglas Moore on the opera "Giants in the Earth," based on a novel by Norwegian writer O.E. Rolvaag about immigrants in the Dakota territory.
    (SFC, 11/10/06, p.B8)

1952        Jan 3, A revived "Pal Joey" opened at Broadhurst Theater, NYC, for 540 performances.

1952        Mar 5, Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1952        Mar 26, F. Dürrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premiered in Munich.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1952        Sep 12, Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1952        Frederick Knott (d.2002 at 86), playwright, wrote "Dial M for Murder." It ran for 552 performances on Broadway. In 1954 Alfred Hitchcock made it into a film.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A16)

1952        Herbert Blau (1926-2013) and Jules Irving founded the Actor’s Workshop in SF. In 1960 and 1961 the company staged the US premiers of Harold Pinter’s “The Room" and “The Birthday Party." It continued in SF until 1965 when the founders left to run New York’s new Lincoln Center theater company.
    (SFC, 1/8/09, p.E3)(SFC, 5/10/13, p.C7)

1953        Mar 19, Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1953        Mar 28, In the 7th Tony Awards: “Crucible" and “Wonderful Town" won.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1953        May 7, "Can Can" opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 892 performances.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1954        Mar 5, "Girl in Pink Tights" opened at Mark Hellinger in NYC for 115 performances.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1954        Mar 20, "King and I" closed at St. James Theater in NYC after 1246 performances.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1954        Mar 28, In the 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon and Kismet won
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1954        May 13, The musical play "The Pajama Game" opened on Broadway for 1063 performances.
    (AP, 5/13/97)

1954        British actress Eleanor Drew (1922-2014), born as Nellie Darlison, began a 5-year run in the West End in the musical “Salad Days."
    (Econ, 4/19/14, p.86)

1955        Feb 16, Theodore Bikel (1924-2015) made his Broadway debut in “Tonight in Samarkand," at the Morosco Theatre.
    (http://www.playbillvault.com/Show/Detail/2436/Tonight-in-Samarkand)(SFC, 7/23/15, p.D4)

1955        Mar 2, The William Inge play "Bus Stop" opened at the Music Box Theatre in New York.
    (AP, 3/2/02)

1955        Mar 24, The Tennessee Williams play "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opened on Broadway with Barbara Bel Geddes as Maggie, Ben Gazzara as Brick and Burl Ives as Big Daddy. Paul Newman won Gazzara’s role for the 1958 film.
    (AP, 3/23/97)(SSFC, 1/23/05, Par p.2)

1955        Apr 23, "Kismet" closed at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1955        May 2, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Tennessee Williams for Cat on Hot Tin Roof.
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1955        May 5, The baseball musical "Damn Yankees" opened on Broadway. It was produced by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop and ran for 1022 performances. Ray Walston played the devil in the play and the 1958 movie.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.41)(AP, 5/5/00)(SFC, 10/23/00, p.F3)

1955        Jun 25, "Can Can" closed at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1955        The "Inherit the Wind," co-authored by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee, opened in NYC for an 806-performance run. It focused on the 1921 Scopes evolution trial. A film version came out in 1960.
    (SFC, 2/09/04, p.A19)

1956        Mar 15, The Lerner and Loewe musical "My Fair Lady" opened starring Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison at the Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC for 2,715 performances.
    (AP, 3/15/97)(HN, 3/15/02)

1956        Mar 22, Musical "Mr. Wonderful" with Sammy Davis Jr. premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1956        Apr 1, 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank and Damn Yankees won.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1956        Apr 2, Peter Ustinov's "Romanoff and Juliet," premiered in Manchester.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1956        Apr 3, "Silk Stockings" closed at Imperial Theater in NYC after 461 performances.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1956        Apr 4, Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1956        Apr 14, "Plain and Fancy" closed at Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC after 476 performances.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1956        May 8, John Osborne’s "Look Back in Anger," premiered in London at the Royal Court Theater. It was about a love triangle involving an intelligent but disaffected young man (Jimmy Porter), his upper-middle-class, impassive wife (Alison), and her haughty best friend (Helena Charles). It took English theater on a radical turn. In 1958 it was made into a movie. In 2006 John Heilpern authored “John Osborne: A Patriot for Us."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Look_Back_in_Anger)(SFEC, 4/11/99, DB p.39)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.86)

1956        Jul 7, The Douglas Moore and John Latouche opera "Ballad of Baby Doe," premiered.
    (MC, 7/7/02)

1956        Jul 24, Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow," premiered in London.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1956        Nov 29, The musical "Bells Are Ringing," starring Judy Holliday, opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 925 performances. It was written by Betty Comden, Adolph Green and Jule Styne.
    (AP, 11/29/01)(WSJ, 4/18/01, p.A20)

1956        Nov, Eugene O’Neill’s “Long Day’s Journey into Night" premiered on Broadway. It had first premiered in Sweden in February

1956        Dec 1, Leonard Bernstein's musical "Candide," based on the work by Voltaire, opened at Martin Beck Theater in NYC for 73 performances. The book was by Lillian Hellman with lyrics by Richard Wilbur.
    (AP, 12/1/99)(SFC, 1/11/05, p.E1)

1956        Joan Littlewood directed the play "The Quare Fella" by Irish writer Brendan Behan. Her work became labeled "kitchen-sink" drama. This was seen as part of the working-class revolution in British theater.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A25)

1957        Mar 1, "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opened at Winter Garden NYC for 123 performances.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1957        Mar 21, Tennessee Williams' "Orpheus Descending," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1957        Apr 3, Samuel Beckett's "Endgame," premiered in London.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.369)(MC, 4/3/02)

1957        Apr 10, John Osborne’s play “The Entertainer," starring Laurence Olivier, opened in London.
    (AP, 4/10/07)

1957        Apr 21, In the 11th Tony Awards: Long Day's Journey into  Night and My Fair Lady won. Edie Adams won a Tony award for supporting actress as Daisy Mae in “Li’l Abner."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/11th_Tony_Awards)(SFC, 10/17/08, p.A2)

1957        May 25, "Shinbone Alley" closed at Broadway Theater in NYC after 49 performances.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1957        Aug 15, The musical "West Side Story," composed by Leonard Bernstein and based on a concept by Jerome Robbins, first opened in Washington D.C. The story was by Arthur Laurents (1917-2011) and the lyrics were by Stephen Sondheim.
    (SFEM, 5/23/99, p.18)(SSFC, 5/8/11, p.D9)

1957        Sep 26, The musical "West Side Story" by Leonard Bernstein and Jerome Robbins opened on Broadway and ran for 732 performances. The loose adaptation of William Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet" produced several hit songs, including "Maria" and "Tonight". The story was by Arthur Laurents.
    (AP, 9/26/97)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=2639)

1957        Oct 31, Jamaica, a musical, opened on Broadway at Imperial Theater. The book was by Yip Harburg and Fred Saidy, lyrics by Harburg, and music by Harold Arlen. Lena Horne (1917-2010) starred in the musical. It continued for 558 performances.
    (Econ, 5/22/10, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamaica_%28musical%29)

1957        Dec 5, The William Inge play, “The Dark at the Top of the Stairs," opened at New York's Music Box Theatre and ran for a total of 468 performances, closing on January 17, 1959. It was directed by Elia Kazan. The drama was reworked by Inge from his earlier play, Farther Off from Heaven, first staged in 1947 at Margo Jones' Theatre '47 in Dallas, Texas.

1957        Dec 19, The musical play "The Music Man," starring Robert Preston, with book and songs by Meredith Willson, opened on Broadway at the Majestic Theater for 1,375 performances. Mason City, Iowa, Willson's home town, unveiled Music Man Square in 2002
    (AP, 12/19/97)(MC, 12/19/01)(SSFC, 3/14/04, p.D12)

1958        Jan 30, The play "Sunrise at Campobello," by Dore Schary about Franklin D. Roosevelt's struggle against polio, opened on Broadway with Ralph Bellamy as FDR.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

1958        Feb 20, The Broadway play “The Day the Money Stopped" opened at the Belasco Theater. It featured the debut of actress Collin Wilcox-Paxton (d.2009 at 74).
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.D5)

1958        Apr 3, "Say, Darling" opened at ANTA Theater NYC for 332 performances.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1958        Apr 13, In the 12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello and Music Man won.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1958        Oct 28, The Samuel Beckett play "Krapp's Last Tape" premiered in London.
    (AP, 10/28/08)(SFEC, 10/15/00, DB p.50)

1958        Miyoshi Umeki starred in Rodgers and Hammerstein’s "The Flower Drum Song." It based on the 1957 novel by C.Y. Lee and was made into a film in 1961.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C3)(SFC, 9/12/07, p.A17)
1958        The musical comedy "Goldilocks" was written by Jean and Walter Kerr.
    (SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)
1958        The San Quentin Drama Workshop began at the California prison after a performance of Waiting for Godot the previous year.
1958        The Theater on the Balustrade was founded in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Founders Helena Philipova, Ivan Vyskocil, Jiri Suchy and Vladimir Vodicka named their professional theater after a street leading from the square to the river.
1958        Dmitry Shostakovich's 1958 operetta, "Moscow, Cheryomushki," celebrated the first five-storey buildings in Moscow -- nicknamed khrushchevki after the Soviet leader. They rehoused people living in communal flats -- where entire families were squeezed into one room -- and were celebrated as a symbol of social progress. In 2017 residents faced plans to demolish more than 4,500 apartment blocks and relocate hundreds of thousands of Muscovites.
    (AFP, 5/7/17)

1959        Mar 7, "Bells Are Ringing" closed at Shubert Theater in NYC after 925 performances.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1959        Mar 10, Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth," premiered in NYC.

1959        Mar 11, The Lorraine Hansberry drama "A Raisin in the Sun" opened at New York City's Ethel Barrymore Theater.
    (AP, 3/11/98)

1959        Mar 19, The Broadway show “First Impressions," a musical version of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, premiered at the Alvin Theater. It featured the theater debut of film star Farley Granger. The show continued for 84 performances.
    (www.janeausten.co.uk/magazine/page.ihtml?pid=426&step=4)(SFC, 3/30/11, p.C4)

1959        Mar 29, "Some Like it Hot" with Marilyn Monroe and Jack Lemmon premiered.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1959        Apr 11, "Jamaica" closed at Imperial Theater in NYC after 558 performances.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1959        May 4, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Archibald Macleish (again) for his poetic drama, J.B. (1958) based on the Book of Job.

1959        May 21, The musical "Gypsy," inspired by the life of stripper Gypsy Rose Lee, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 5/21/97)

1959        May 28, Johnson & Bart's musical "Lock up your daughters," premiered in London.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1959        Jun 27, The play, "West Side Story" closed at Winter Garden Theater in NYC after 732 performances.

1959        Sep 28, Edward Albee’s play “The Zoo Story," written in 1958, opened in Berlin. In 1960 it opened in the US.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.E2)

1959        Nov 5, The Broadway play “The 10th Man" by Paddy Chayefsky opened at the Booth Theater. In 1961 it moved to the Ambassador Theater.
    (SFC, 10/28/09, p.D5)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=2794)

1959        Nov 16, The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "The Sound of Music" opened on Broadway at Lunt Fontanne Theater, NYC, for 1443 performances. Theodore Bikel created the role of Capt. Von Trapp in the original production.
    (AP, 11/16/97)(SFC, 7/23/15, p.D4)

1959        Dec 16, In Chicago the “Second City" improvisational theater was founded.
    (Fremontia, 7/09, p.24)

1959        Jack Gelber's (d.2003 at 71) play "The Connection" opened off Broadway at the Living Theater. It was a graphic depiction of the dead-end life of drug addicts.
    (SSFC, 5/11/03, p.A26)

1959        Theodore Bikel created the role of Capt. Von Trapp in the original Broadway production of “Sound of Music."
    (SFC, 7/23/15, p.D4)

1959        The Broadway musical “Take Me Along" featured Jackie Gleason.
    (SFC, 1/19/05, p.B7)

1960        Mar 19, "Redhead" closed at 46th St Theater in NYC after 455 performances.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1960        Mar 31, Gore Vidal's "Best Man," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1960        Apr 14, "Bye Bye Birdie" opened at Martin Beck Theater in NYC for 607 performances.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1960        Apr 24, In the 14th Tony Awards: "Miracle Worker" and "Fiorello" won.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1960        May 3, The musical "The Fantasticks" opened at the Sullivan Street Playhouse in Greenwich Village. It featured the song "Try to Remember" by Tom Jones & Harvey Schmidt and was 1st produced at Barnard College in 1959. Lore Noto (d.2002), former actor and agent, produced the show, which became the world’s longest-running musical. It closed Jan 13, 2002 after 17,162 shows.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A20)

1960        May 14, "At the Drop of a Hat" closed at John Golden in NYC after 216 performances.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1960        May 18, Jean Genet’s "Le Balcon" premiered in Paris France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1960        Aug 23, Broadway librettist Oscar Hammerstein II (65) died in Doylestown, Pa.
    (AP, 8/23/08)

1960        Sep 1, Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1960        Cy Coleman (1929-2004) composed the music for “Wildcat" with lyrics by Carolyn Leigh. The show included the hit song “Hey Look Me Over," sung by Lucille Ball.
    (SFC, 11/20/04, p.B6)

1961        Feb 22, The Broadway play “Come Blow Your Horn" by Neil Simon opened at the Brooks Atkinson Theater.
    (SFC, 10/28/09, p.D5)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=2294)

1961        Mar 2, "13 Daughters" opened at 54th St Theater NYC for 28 performances.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1961        Mar 8, Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary," premiered in NYC. It was adopted to film in 1963.
    (MC, 3/8/02)(SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)

1961        Mar 25, "Gypsy" closed at Broadway Theater in NYC after 702 performances.
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1961        Apr 13, "Carnival!" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 719 performances.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1961        Apr 15, "Music Man" closed at Majestic Theater in NYC after 1375 performances.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1961        Apr 16, In the 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie won.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1961        May 10, "Beyond the Fringe," premiered in London.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1961        May 18, "Donnybrook!" opened at 46th St Theater in NYC for 68 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1961        Dec 20, Moss Hart (b.1904), US dramatist (You can't take it with you), died. His 1959 autobiography was titled “Act One."
    (www.ibdb.com/person.asp?ID=6153)(WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)

1961        Frederick Knott (d.2002 at 86), playwright, wrote "Write Me a Murder." It ran for 25 weeks on Broadway.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A16)

1962        Mar 15, Richard Rodger's musical "No Strings," premiered in NYC for 580 performances.
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1962        Apr 5, Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1962        Apr 29, In the 16th Tony Awards: Man For All Seasons and How to Succeed won.
    (MC, 4/29/02)

1962        May 8, The Stephen Sondheim musical comedy "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" opened at the Alvin Theater in NYC for 965 performances.
    (AP, 5/8/97)(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.6)(MC, 5/8/02)

1962        Oct 13, The four-character drama "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?," by Edward Albee, opened on Broadway with Uta Hagen (d.2004) as Martha and Arthur Hill as George. The opening coincided with co-star Melinda Dillon's 23rd birthday.
    (SFC, 1/16/04, p.A23)(AP, 10/13/07)

1962        Eugene Ionesco, French absurdist playwright, wrote his play “Exit the King."
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.86)

1963        Feb 20, Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter" (The Representative) premiered in Berlin. The work indicted Pope Pius XII for Nazi complicity during WW II. The Catholic Church was outraged at the portrayal of Pius XII as a war criminal. An English translation by Richard and Clara Winston was published as “The Deputy: A Play," by Grove Press in 1964. In 2002 The Deputy was made into the film “Amen." by Costa Gavras.
    (WSJ, 4/25/97, p.A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Deputy)(Econ, 10/25/08, p.73)

1963        Mar, In San Francisco the 4,000-plus seat Fox Theater at 10th and Market, designed by Thomas Lamb and opened in 1929, was demolished.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, p.C2)(SFC, 12/10/21, p.A11)

1963        Apr 28, In the 17th Tony Awards: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum won.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1963        May 18, "Beast in Me" closed at Plymouth Theater in NYC after 4 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1963        May 25, "Hot Spot" closed at Majestic Theater in NYC after 43 performances.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1963        Jun 15, "Sound of Music" closed at Lunt Fontanne Theater in NYC after 1443 performances.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1963        Sep 5, In San Francisco burlesque patrons viewed the last show of the President Follies at 60 McAllister St.
    (SSFC, 9/1/13, DB p.42)

1963        Oct 3, Meredith Wilson’s Broadway musical “Here’s Love," featuring Dom DeLuise, opened at the Shubert Theater. The show close on July 25, 1964.
    (SFC, 5/6/09, p.A9)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=3024)

1963        Oct 22, Britain’s "National Theatre Company," founded under Laurence Olivier, opened with Hamlet. In 2017 Nicholas Hytner authored “Balancing Acts: Behind the Scenes at the National Theater."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_National_Theatre)(Econ 5/6/17, p.75)

1963        The English satirical musical “Oh, What a Lovely War!" was directed by Joan Littlewood (1914-2002) and based on Alan Clark’s “The Donkeys" (1961), a scathing examination of British First World War generals.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Littlewood)
1963        Vaclav Havel, later president of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Rep. (1990-2003), published his first play: “The Garden Party." It was first performed at the Theatre on the Balustrade in Prague.
    (SFC, 1/6/97, p.B1)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.32)

1964        Jan 16, The musical "Hello, Dolly!," starring Carol Channing, opened on Broadway at the St. James Theater, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
    (AP, 1/16/98)

1964        Mar 26, The Broadway hit musical "Funny Girl" premiered with Barbara Streisand as singer Fanny Brice. Jule Styne and Bob Merrill produced the show, which ran at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 1,348 performances
    (AP, 3/26/97)(SS, 3/26/02)(SSFC, 1/18/04, p.A1)

1964        May 6, Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr. Sloan," premiered in London.

1964        May 25, Frank Gilroy's "Subject is Roses" premiered in NYC.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1964        Aug 29, "Funny Thing Happened" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 965 performances.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1964        Sep 22, The musical "Fiddler on the Roof" opened at Imperial Theater on Broadway, beginning a run of 3,242 performances.
    (AP, 9/22/97)

1964        Oct 21, The movie musical "My Fair Lady," starring Audrey Hepburn and Rex Harrison, had its world premiere at the Criterion Theater in NYC.
    (AP, 10/21/04)

1964        LeRoi Jones (1934-2014), later known as Amiri Baraka, wrote his play "Dutchman." It won the 1964 Obie Award for best American play.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(SFC, 1/10/14, p.D5)

1965        Mar 6, "How to Succeed in Business" closed at 46th St NYC after 1415 performances.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1965        Mar 10, Neil Simon's play "The Odd Couple," starring Walter Matthau as Oscar Madison and Art Carney as Felix Unger, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 3/10/99)

1965        Mar 25, The opera "Lizzie Borden" premiered in NYC. It was composed by Jack Beeson with a libretto by Kenward Elmslie. The initial scenario was written by Richard Plant (d.1997 at 87).
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.A20)

1965        Apr 2, Rolf Hochhuth's play "The Deputy," which blamed Pope Pius XII for war crimes, was banned in Italy.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1965        May 16, The musical play "The Roar of the Greasepaint -- The Smell of the Crowd" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 5/16/98)

1965        Aug 7, San Francisco police arrested Ronnie Davis, founder of the SF Mime Troupe, in Lafayette Park. He was charged with performing in a public park without a permit. The troupe’s permit had been revoked for its adoption of “Il Candelaio.," a 16th century play by Giordano Bruno. Bill Graham, manager of the troupe, soon threw a benefit for the troupe and hired an unknown band called the Jefferson Airplane. The benefit raised $4000 and led Graham to leave the Mime Troupe and open the Fillmore.
    (SFC, 8/8/15, p.C1)

1965        Oct 17, The musical "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever," with a score by Burton Lane and book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

1965        The American Conservatory Theater was founded by William Ball in 1965 in Pittsburgh. ACT moved west and settled in at the Geary Theater in SF in 1967.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W29)
1965        The play "The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds," written by Paul Zindel (d.2003), was 1st produced at the Alley Theater in Houston. It opened off Broadway in 1970 and was made into a film in 1972.
    (SFC, 4/1/03, p.A16)
1965        Harold Fielding (d.2003 at 86) produced "Charlie Girl" in London. It ran for over 5 years.
    (SFC, 10/4/03, p.A18)

1966        Jan 29, "Sweet Charity" opened on Broadway for 608 performances. Cy Coleman composed the music.
    (www.prigsbee.com/Musicals/shows/sweetcharity.htm)(SFC, 11/20/04, p.B6)

1966        Mar 3, James Goldman's "Lion in Winter" premiered in NYC.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1966        Mar 8, "Golden Boy" closed at Majestic Theater in NYC after 569 performances.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1966        May 24, The Broadway musical "Mame" opened with Angel Lansbury and Bea Arthur at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 1508 performances. It was directed by Gene Saks and was based on the novel "Auntie Mame" by Patrick Dennis.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)(SSFC, 12/24/00, Par p.10)(SSFC, 4/26/09, p.B6)

1966            Jun 11, The musical "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" closed at the Mark Hellinger in NYC after 280 performances. It had opened on October 17, 1965.

1966        Jun 16, In the 20th Tony Awards: Marat/Sade and Man of La Mancha won.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1966        Jul 16, "Half a Sixpence" closed at Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 512 performances.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1966        Jul 29, Edward Gordon Craig (b.1872), the son of actress Ellen Terry, died. He had authored the controversial manifesto “On the Art of the Theater" and envisioned that the future of theater lay in lights, sounds, shadows and screens.
    (Econ, 8/30/08, p.80)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Gordon_Craig)

1966        Frederick Knott (d.2002 at 86), playwright, wrote "Wait Until Dark." It ran for 373 performances on Broadway. In 1967 Terence Young made it into a film.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A16)

1966        The play “My Sweet Charlie" (1965) was produced on Broadway. It was based on the same name 1965 novel by David Westheimer (1917-2005).
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)

1967        Feb 22, Barbara Garson's "MacBird!," a notorious counterculture drama, premiered in NYC. It satirically depicted President Lyndon Johnson as Macbeth and his wife, Lady Bird Johnson, as Lady Macbeth.

1967        Mar 7, Clark Gesner's musical "You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown" premiered in NYC.

1967        Mar 26, The 21st Tony Awards were held at the Schubert Theater in NYC. “The Homecoming" won for Best Play and “Cabaret" won for Best Musical.

1967        Apr 11, Tom Stoppard's "Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead," was performed by the Royal National Theater at London’s Old Vic Theater. It had premiered on Aug 26, 1966, in Edinburgh, Scotland.

1967        Oct 17, "Hair," subtitled The American Tribal Love/Rock Musical, premiered off Broadway at the Public Theater. It moved to the Biltmore Theater on Broadway on April 29, 1968, where it stayed for 1,873 performances.

1967        Jul 1, "Funny Girl" closed at Winter Garden Theater in NYC after 1348 performances.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1967        Aug 9, Joe Orton (34), English actor, playwright (What the Butler Saw, Loot), was murdered (bludgeoned with a hammer) while he slept by his male lover.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1967        Oct 17, "Hair," subtitled The American Tribal Love/Rock Musical, premiered off Broadway at the Public Theater. It moved to the Biltmore Theater on Broadway on April 29, 1968, where it stayed for 1,873 performances.

1967        In Oakland, Ca., H. James Schlader (d.1010 at 96) and his wife, Harriet, co-founded the Woodminster Summer Musicals at the WPA-built Woodminster Amphitheater in Joaquin Miller Park.
    (SFC, 5/14/10, p.C6)
1967        Somalia's National Theater, a gift from China's Mao Zedong, opened its doors. After the overthrow of president Siad Barre in 1991, clan-based warlords blasted each other with anti-aircraft guns and fought over the theater. Islamist militants seized control in 2006 took over the building and banned all forms of public entertainment. The venue reopened in 2012, but just three weeks after that, a suicide bomber from the Islamist al Shabaab insurgency struck during a ceremony, killing six people. The building reopened again in 2020.
    (Reuters, 9/23/21)

1968        Jan 13, Hester & Appolinar's musical "Your Own Thing," premiered in NYC.

1968        Jan 22, The off Broadway show "Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris" premiered at the Village Gate Theater. A film version was produced in 1975. Brel (1929-1978), a Belgian singer, was later buried in the Marquesas Island of Hiva Oa, in the same cemetery as Paul Gauguin.

1968        Feb 7, The  Arthur Miller play "Price" premiered in NYC.

1968        Mar 1, The first 15-minute version of the musical "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" by Andrew Lloyd Weber was performed at Central Hall, Westminster, London.

1968        Mar 3, The musical "Here's Where I Belong" opened and closed at Billy Rose Theater in NYC. The book was by Alex Gordon and Terrence McNally, lyrics by Alfred Uhry, and music by Robert Waldman.

1968        Apr 14, The gay-themed play, "The Boys in the Band" by Mart Crowley, opened off Broadway at Theater Four and set a new genre. A film version was released in 1970.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(WSJ, 8/28/96, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Boys_in_the_Band)

1968        Apr 21, In the 22nd Tony Awards: "Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead" and "Hallelujah Baby" won.

1968        Apr 29, The counterculture musical "Hair" opened on Broadway following limited engagements off-Broadway.
    (AP, 4/29/08)

1968        Jul 26, Britain’s Theater Act abolished censorship of the theatre and amended the law in respect of theatres and theatrical performances.

1968        Aug, The play "You, Me and the Next War," by Hanoch Levin (1943-1999), Israeli dramatist, was produced.
    (SFC, 8/19/99, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanoch_Levin)

1968        Oct 3, The Howard Sackler play, "Great White Hope," starring James Earl Jones and Jane Alexander, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

1968        Nov 6, The play “The Ruling Class" by Peter Barnes (1931-2004) opened in London. It was a satirical attack on the church and British aristocracy. It was made into a 1972 film for which Peter O'Toole received an Oscar nomination.
    (SFC, 7/3/04, p.B6)(www.answers.com/topic/the-ruling-class-play-6)

1968        Dec 26, Jay Allen's "Forty Carats," premiered in NYC. It was adapted from the French original by Pierre Barillet and Jean-Pierre Gredy. The 1973 film adaptation starred Liv Ullman.

1968        Zvi Kolitz (d.2002 at 89) co-produced the Broadway show "The Megilla of Itzik Manger."
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A21)

1969        Jan 2, The play "To be Young, Gifted & Black," by Lorraine Hansberry (1930-1965) premiered in NYC.

1969        Feb 6, The Broadway musical "Dear World," a musical version of Jean Giraudoux’s The Madwoman of Chaillot, opened with Angel Lansbury at the Mark Hellinger Theater.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)(www.arkivmusic.com/classical/album.jsp?album_id=202004)

1969        Mar 1, "Red, White, and Maddox" closed at Cort Theater in NYC after 41 performances.

1969        Mar 5, “What the Butler Saw," the final play of Joe Orton (1933-1967), was first performed in London. The sex farce was set in a mental hospital.
    (SFC, 6/12/09, p.E1)(http://talkingbroadway.org/regional/sanfran/s823.html)

1969        Mar 16, "1776," a musical about the writing of the Declaration of Independence, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 3/16/99)

1969        May 18, "Canterbury Tales" closed at Eugene O'Neill in NYC after 121 performances.

1969        May 23, The Who released their rock opera "Tommy."

1969        Sep 6, "Cabaret" closed at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 1166 performances.

1969        Oct 21, The play "Butterflies are Free," premiered in NYC at the Booth Theater. It was written by Leonard Gershe (d.2002).  It closed in 1972 after 1128 performances. Director Milton Katselas (1933-2008) then directed a film version.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A27)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=3299)(SFC, 11/4/08, p.B5)

1969        Dec 3, Andrew Lloyd Weber and Tim Rice offered John Lennon the role of Jesus Christ in Jesus Christ Superstar, but the offer was withdrawn the next day.

1969        Dec 28, Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers," premiered in NYC.

1969        Dec 31, In San Francisco the Cockettes, an avant garde psychedelic hippie theater group recently founded by Hibiscus (George Edgerly Harris III), took the stage at the Palace Theater in North Beach. The group folded in 1972, but returned for a show in 2020.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cockettes)(SFC, 1/3/20, p.A1)

1969        Katherine Hepburn starred in "Coco," a Broadway musical based on Coco Chanel's life. Rene Auberjonois (1940-2019) won a Tony for best actor for his role in the musical.
    (WSJ, 10/13/03, p.B1)(SFC, 12/9/19, p.C2)

1970        Jan 3, "Mame" closed at Winter Garden Theater in NYC after 1508 performances.

1970        Feb 17, Robert Marasco's "Child's Play," opened at the Royal theater on Broadway.

1970        Feb 26, "Georgy" opened at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 4 performances.

1970        Mar 15, "Purlie" opened at Broadway Theater in NYC. In December it moved to the Winter Garden Theater and in March 1971 to the ANTA Playhouse where it closed in November after a total of 688 performances.

1970        Mar 26, "Minnie's Boys" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 80 performances.

1970        Mar 30, The musical "Applause" with Lauren Bacall opened on Broadway. It was based on the movie "All About Eve."
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, Par p.7)(AP, 3/30/07)

1970        Apr 7, "Effects of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-moon Marigolds," premiered in NYC. The play was written in 1964 by Paul Zindel, playwright and science teacher. Zindel received the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for the work.

1970        Apr 14, The Sandy Wilson musical "Boy Friend" opened at Ambassador Theater in NYC for 119 performances. The original London production was in 1954.

1970        Apr 26, The musical, "Company," opened at the Alvin Theatre on Broadway. It starred Elaine Stritch and ran for [690] 705 performances. It was directed by Hal Prince. George Furth wrote the book and Stephen Sondheim (b.1930) wrote the score.
    (AP, 4/26/98)(http://www.sondheim.com/works/company/)

1970        Oct 3, "Coco" closed at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 333 performances.

1970        Oct 19, J. Bock's and S. Harnick's musical "Rothschilds," premiered in NYC and ran for 505 performances.

1970        Dec 18, "Me Nobody Knows" opened at Helen Hayes Theater in NYC for 587 performances.

1970        Dec 27, "Hello, Dolly!" closed at the St. James Theater on Broadway after a run of 2,844 performances.
    (AP, 12/27/97)(www.nodanw.com/shows_h/hello_dolly.htm)

1971        Jan 19, The revival of "No, No Nanette," first produced on March 11, 1925, opened at 46th St Theater NYC and continued for 861 performances.

1971        Feb 10, The play "The House of Blue Leaves" by John Guare (b.1938), American playwright, opened off Broadway.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_House_of_Blue_Leaves)

1971        Feb 25, "Oh, Calcutta" opened at the Belasco Theater.
    (www.broadwayworld.com/bwidb/sections/productions/index.php?var=2746)(SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.38)

1971        Mar 28, In the 25th Tony Awards held in NYC “Sleuth" won for best play & “Company" won for best musical.

1971        Apr 4, Stephen Sondheim’s musical "Follies" was produced at the Winter Garden in NYC and ran for 524 performances. The book was written by James Goldman (d.1998 at 71).
    (www.nodanw.com/shows_f/follies.htm)(SFC, 1/20/98, p.E1)(SFC, 10/30/98, p.D4)

1971        May 17, The musical "Godspell," by Stephen Schwartz and John-Michael Tebelak, premiered off-Broadway.

1971        Jun 26, "Man of La Mancha" closed at ANTA Wash Square Theater in NYC after 2329 performances.

1971        Oct 12, The rock opera "Jesus Christ Superstar" opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre on Broadway. It closed July 1, 1973 after 711 performances.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(www.ronaldbrucemeyer.com/rants/1012b-almanac.htm)

1971        Nov 6, The musical "Purlie" closed at ANTA Playhouse in NYC after a total of 688 performances.

1971        Nov 11, Neil Simon's "Prisoner of Second Avenue," premiered in NYC.

1971        Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), Irish-born playwright, authored his play "Not I." Beckett spent most of his life in Paris and in 1969 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.7)(www.imagi-nation.com/moonstruck/clsc7.htm)

1971        Peter Brook (b.1925), British stage and film director, founded his Int’l. Center for Theater Research in Paris. In 1998 Brook published his memoir "Threads of Time: Recollections."
    (SFEC, 6/14/98, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Brook)

1971        Jun 1, Harold Pinter's play "Old Times" premiered in London.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.81)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Times)

1972        Jan 1, "Promises Promises" closed at Shubert Theater NYC after 1281 performances.

1972        Feb 2, The play "Jumpers" by Tom Stoppard (b.1937) was first performed at the Old Vic Theatre, London, England.
    (SFEM, 1/2/00, p.6)(www.complete-review.com/reviews/stoppt/jumpers.htm)

1972        Feb 13, "1776" closed at 46th Street Theater in NYC after 1,217 performances. A film version was released in November.

1972        Feb 14, The musical "Grease" opened at the Eden Theatre off Broadway, and ran for 3,388 performances.

1972        Mar 1, David Rabe's "Sticks and Bones" premiered in New York City.

1972        Mar 26, "Only Fools Are Sad" closed at Edison Theater in NYC after 144 performances.

1972        Apr 2, Tennessee Williams' "Small Craft Warnings," premiered in NYC.

1972        Apr 19, The Broadway production Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opened at the Playhouse Theatre, where it ran for two months before transferring to the Edison. It had a total run of 1065 performances. The cast included Grant, Alex Bradford, and Hope Clarke.

1972        Apr 23, In the 26th Tony Awards, held in NYC, "Sticks & Bones" won as best play and "Two Gentlemen of Verona" won as best musical.

1972        May 2, The play "That Championship Season" by Jason Miller (1939-2001) premiered in NYC off Broadway. A film version premiered in 1982.

1972        May 22, Dame Margaret Rutherford (b.1892), Academy Award-winning English character actress, died. Her numerous films included “Murder at the Gallop" (1963).
    (WSJ, 3/4/06, p.P2)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0751983/)

1972        Jun 7, The musical "Grease" opened on Broadway. [see Feb 14,1972]
    (AP, 6/7/03)

1972        Jun, George Balanchine and his NYC Ballet presented 22 new dances set to the music of Stravinsky: "Symphony in Three Movements."
    (WSJ, 11/21/02, p.D6)

1972        Jul 1, "Hair" closed at Biltmore Theater in NYC after 1750 performances.

1972        Jul 27, "Applause" closed at Palace Theater in NYC after 900 performances.

1972        Aug 12, "Oh! Calcutta!" closed at Belasco Theater in NYC.

1972        Oct 17, Bob Randall's play "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premiered in NYC.

1972        Oct 23, The musical "Pippin" opened on Broadway and ran for 1944 performances.
    (AP, 10/23/97)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pippin_(musical))

1972        Nov 15, Circle-in the-Square Theater opened at 1633 Broadway NYC with a revival of Mourning Becomes Electra.

1972        Dec 20, Neil Simon's "Sunshine Boys," premiered in NYC.

1972        Bernard B. Jacobs (1916-1996) became the president of the Shubert Organization, which owns Broadway theaters and produced such plays as Cats and Amadeus.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.C2)(www.shubertorganization.com/organization/news/article.asp?id=7)

1972        In Los Angeles the Institute of the American Musical was incorporated by Miles Kreuger to provide an organizational shell, and donor’s tax deduction, for his collection of memorabilia pertaining to American theater.
    (WSJ, 6/3/98, p.CA4)

1973        Feb 3, "No, No Nanette" closed at 46th St. Theater in NYC after 861 performances.

1973        Feb 13, Musical "El Grande de Coca-Cola," premiered in NYC. The off-Broadway show closed April 13, 1975

1973        Mar 3, "Shelter" closed at John Golden Theater in NYC after 31 performances.

1973        Mar 26, Noel Coward (b.1899), English gay playwright, died. He was called "The Master" and his work included "The Vortex," "Hay Fever," "Private Lives," "Brief Encounter" and "Blithe Spirit." In 1970 he was given knighthood. "Noel Coward: A Biography" by Philip Hoare was published in 1996. Another biography, "A Talent to Amuse" by Sheridan Morley, published in 1974, was recommended. In 2007 Barry Day edited “The Letters of Noel Coward."
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 8/25/96, BR p.9)(WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)

1973        Apr 26, "Two Gentlemen of Verona," musical opened in London.

1973        May 20, "The Two Gentlemen of Verona" closed at St. James Theater in NYC after 613 performances.

1973        Jun 19, The stage production of "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" opened in London.

1973        Jul 1, The rock opera "Jesus Christ Superstar" closed at the Mark Hellinger Theater on Broadway. It closed July 1, 1973 after 711 performances.

1973        Jul 4, Alan Ayckbourne's "Absurd Person Singular," premiered in London.

1973        Jul 26, Peter Shaffer's "Equus," premiered in London.

1973        Oct 18, "Raisin" opened at 46th St. Theater NYC for 847 performances.

1973        Nov 27, Neil Simon's "Good Doctor," premiered in NYC.

1973        The Broadway musical “Irene" featured Debbie Reynolds.
    (SFC, 1/19/05, p.B7)

1973        Alan Ayckbourn (b.1939), English playwright, created his 3-part play “The Norman Conquests."
    (WSJ, 1/4/07, p.W7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Norman_Conquests)

1973        The fantasia "Marco Polo Sings a Solo," by American playwright John Guare (b.1938), was first directed by Mel Shapiro. It was about a nuclear family on an iceberg off of Norway in 1999 confronted by a collapsing planet.
    (WSJ, 9/30/98, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Guare)

1973        Robert Stigwood (b.1934), Australian-born impresario, produced "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat," a musical by Andrew Lloyd Weber. It had been first performed in 1968 at the Old Assembly Hall, Colet Court, Hammersmith, England.
    (WSJ, 8/24/99, p.A1)(www.andrewlloydwebber.com/theatre/joseph.php)

1974        Feb, Steve Silver (d.1995) a San Francisco street theater performer, took his "Tommy Hall" show inside at the Savoy Tivoli in North Beach and called it "A Valentine's Show." In June the show took on the name "Beach Blanket Babylon".
    (SFC, 4/18/19, p.A7)

1974        Mar 3, "Sextet" opened at Bijou Theater in NYC for 9 performances.

1974        Mar 4, The play "Knuckle" by David Hare (b.1947) premiered in London.
    (www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/uthrc/00052/hrc-00052.html)(SC, 3/4/02)

1974        Mar 5, A revived "Candide" opened at Broadway Theater in NYC for 740 performances. The book and lyrics were revised from the 1956 version.
    (SFC, 1/11/05, p.E1)
1974        Mar 5, Solomon I "Sol" Hurok (b.1888), Ukraine-born US impresario, died.

1974        Mar 6, "Over Here" opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 341 performances.

1974        May 28, "Magic Show" opened at Cort Theater in NYC for 1859 performances.

1974        Jun 7, The Steve Silver show "Beach Blanket Babylon" premiered at the Savoy Tivoli in San Francisco. Nancy Bleiweiss was the original star of the show.
    (www.onlyinsanfrancisco.com/sponsors/beach-blanket-babylon.asp)(SFEC, 8/1/99, DB p.48)

1974        Sep 7, The musical "Irene" closed at Minskoff Theater NYC after 605 performances.

1974         Sep 23, The 1959 Broadway show "Gypsy" reopened on Broadway with Angel Lansbury (b.1925), following a 1973 run in London.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gypsy:_A_Musical_Fable)

1974        Oct 27, "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closed at the Edison Theater in NYC after 1065 performances.

1974        Nov 30, "Good Evening" with Dudley Moore and Peter Cook closed at the Lunt-Fontanne Theater in NYC after 438 performances.

1974        Dec 18, The Broadway production "Of Mice and Men" opened. It starred James Earl Jones and featured Joe Seneca (d.1996). The first stage production was in 1937.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Of_Mice_and_Men)

1974        The first high school swing choir invitational competition was held at Bishop Luers High School in Fort Wayne, Ind. The Marion High School's (Indiana) "The 26th Street Singers," under the direction of teacher F. Ritchie Walton, introduced a new brand of song and dance at the competition and took home the competition trophy.
    (SSFC, 10/3/10, Par p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Show_choir)

1974        In SF the American Conservatory Theater (ACT) purchased the Geary Theater. In 2006 it renamed it as the American Conservatory Theater. The ACT had been founded by William Ball in 1965 in Pittsburgh. It moved west and settled in at the Geary Theater in SF in 1967.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W29)(SFC, 9/15/06, p.E2)(http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h2705.html)

1975        Jan 5, "The Wiz," a musical version of L. Frank Baum's "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz," opened at the Majestic Theater on Broadway with an all-black cast. It ran for 1672 performances.
    (AP, 1/5/00)

1975        Feb 26, "Night... Made America Famous" opened at Barrymore in NYC for 75 performances.

1975        Mar 3, "Goodtime Charley" opened at Palace Theater in NYC for 104 performances.

1975        Mar 10, "Rocky Horror Show" opened at Belasco Theater in NYC for 45 performances.

1975        Mar 13, Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year," premiered in NYC. In 1978 it was made into a film starring Ellen Burstyn and Alan Alda.

1975        Apr 12, Josephine Baker (b.1906), US-French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), died in Paris, France.

1975        Apr 23, Harold Pinter's "No Man's Land," premiered in London.

1975        Jun 3, The musical "Chicago" opened on Broadway with a book by Fred Ebb and Bob Fosse, and music by John Kander. When “Chicago" premiered, it wasn’t a hit. Inspired by sensationalist murder trials, the vaudeville-style musical follows the character Roxie Hart’s ascent to fame after she kills her lover. A streamlined reworking of the production in 1996 went on to become the longest-running American musical in Broadway history, and nabbed six Tony Awards, an Oscar-winning film adaptation and over 30 international reproductions.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A14)(http://broadwaymusicalhome.com/shows/chicago.htm)(NY Times, 11/11/21)

1975        Jul 25, "A Chorus Line," the longest-running Broadway show (6,137), premiered on Broadway. It had opened off-Broadway at The Public Theater on May 21, 1975.

1975        Sep 20, The Kansas City Lyric Opera premiered Jack Beeson’s "Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines." It was commissioned to celebrate founder and director Russell Patterson’s 40th and final year with the company.

1975        Oct 21, "Treemonisha," a 1911 opera by Scott Joplin (1868-1917), opened at Uris Theater NYC for 64 performances. The 1st full professional staging was done in 1975 by the Houston Grand Opera.
    (www.nodanw.com/shows_t/treemonisha.htm)(SFC, 6/21/03, p.D1)

1975        Dec 8, "Raisin" closed at 46th St Theater NYC after 847 performances.

1975        David Mamet wrote his play "American Buffalo." It was made into a film in 1996 with Dustin Hoffman and Dennis Franz.
    (SFC, 9/13/96, p.D17)(SFC, 1/24/03, p.D3)

1976        Jan 4, "Candide" closed at Broadway Theater in NYC after 740 performances.

1976        Jan 30, The play "Streamers" by David Rabe (b.1940) premiered at the Long Wharf Theater in New Haven, Connecticut.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streamers)

1976        Mar 2, The musical revue Bubbling Brown Sugar" opened at ANTA Theater in NYC for 766 performances.

1976        Apr 5, Tom Stoppard's "Dirty Linen," premiered in London.

1976        Sep 15, The play "For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When the Rainbow is Enuf" by Ntozake Shange (1948-2018) opened at the Booth Theater in NYC.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y7exwgd9)(SFC, 11/2/18, p.C4)

1976        Composer Philip Glass and director/designer Robert Wilson collaborated on their production of "Einstein on the Beach" at the NY Met. The opera had premiered in Avignon.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.E1)(Econ, 7/22/06, p.82)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.89)

1977        Apr 21, The musical play "Annie" opened on Broadway, the 1st of 2,377 performances. Laurie Beechman (d.1998) made her debut in the show based on the “Little Orphan Annie" comic strip. Beechman later played Grizabella for 5 years in “Cats."
    (SFC, 3/10/98, p.A17)(AP, 4/21/08)

1977        Jun 12, "Pippin" closed at Imperial Theater in NYC after 1944 performances.

1977        Aug 7, "Shenandoah" closed at Alvin Theater in NYC after 1,050 performances.

1977        Aug 27, "Chicago" closed at 46th St Theater in NYC after 947 performances.

1977        Oct 20, David Mamet's play, "Life in the Theater," opened in NYC. It was first produced in Chicago at the Goodman Theater's Stage Two, opening February 3, 1977.

1977        Nov 17, The "Elephant Man," by Bernard Pomerance (b.1940), premiered in London.

1977        Nov 30, Terence Rattigan (b.1911), English playwright, died. In 1997 Geoffrey Wansell wrote his biography.
    (SFC, 6/23/97, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terence_Rattigan)

1977        Dec 4, Neil Simon's "Chapter Two," premiered in NYC.

1977        Dec 31, "Bubbling Brown Sugar" closed at ANTA Theater NYC after 766 performances.

1977        The musical "I Love My Wife," a tale of wife-swapping, opened on Broadway. Cy Coleman composed the music.
    (SFC, 11/20/04, p.B6)

1978        Jan 20, Columbia Pictures paid $9.5 million for movie rights to "Annie."

1978        Feb 26, Ira Levin's "Deathtrap" premiered at the Music Box Theater in NYC.

1978        Mar 1, "Timbuktu!" opened at Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC for 243 performances.

1978        Mar 2, Sam Shepard’s play "Curse of the Starving Class" premiered at the New York Shakespeare Festival.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curse_of_the_Starving_Class)

1978        Mar 27, Bob Fosse's "Dancin'" opened at Broadhurst Theater in NYC for 1,774 performances.

1978        May 9, "Ain't Misbehavin'" opened at Longacre Theater NYC for 1604 performances.

1978        Jun 19, "Best Little Whorehouse..." opened at 46th St NYC for 1584 performances.

1978        Jun 21, The musical play "Evita" by Andrew Lloyd Weber and Tim Rice had its first stage performance in London’s West End. It featured Elaine Page as Evita.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.42)(Hem., 1/97, p.106)(AP, 6/21/98)

1978        Jun 27, Sam Shepard’s play "Buried Child" had its world premier in San Francisco.

1978        Sep 20, "Eubie!" opened at Ambassador Theater NYC for 439 performances.

1978        Sep 30, Edgar Bergen (b.1903), American actor and ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy), died in Las Vegas. He was born as Edgar John Bergren in Chicago, Illinois, to a Swedish family and grew up in Decatur, Michigan.

1978        Oct 18, Zbigniew Ziembinski (b.1908), actor and director, died in Rio de Janeiro. He is considered to be the father of modern Brazilian theatre.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.33)

1978        Hugh Leonard (b.1926), Irish dramatist and journalist, won the Tony Award for best play for his comedy play: "Da" (1977).

1979        Jan 28, "The Wiz" closed at Majestic Theater in NYC after 1672 performances.

1979        Feb 11, In NYC "They're Playing Our Song" opened at the Imperial Theater and played for 1082 performances.

1979        Feb 28, Ernest Thompson's play "On Golden Pond," premiered in NYC.

1979        Mar 1, "Sweeney Todd" with Angel Lansbury opened at Uris Theater in NYC for 557 performances. The score was by Stephen Sondheim.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweeney_Todd)(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.1)

1979        Mar 4, "Grand Tour" closed at Palace Theater in NYC after 61 performances.

1979        Mar 22, The opera "Miss Havisham’s Fire" by Dominick Argento premiered at the NYC Opera with two 80-minute acts. It was based on a character in the 1861 novel “Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A12)(www.historicopera.com/listing_operas.htm)

1979        Apr 5, The play “Faith Healer" by Brian Friel opened on Broadway with James Mason as Frank. It closed after 3 weeks.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.88)(www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3933)

1979        Apr 15, The Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, a San Francisco gay theater group, made their debut.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.A6)(SFC, 3/29/18, p.E1)

1979        Jun 3, In the 33rd Tony Awards: Elephant Man & Sweeny Todd won. Carole Shelley (1939-2018), London-born actress, won a Tony Award for her role in the "The Elephant Man," written by Bernard Pomerance.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2lytw4)(SFC, 9/6/18, p.D2)

1979        Aug 25, "Madwoman of Central Park West" closed at 22 Steps in NYC after 86 performances.

1979        Aug 31, Sally Rand (b.1904), exotic dancer and actress, died.

1979        Oct 8, "Sugar Babies" opened at the Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC and continued for 1208 performances.

1979        Nov 2, Peter Shaffer's play "Amadeus," premiered in London.

1979        Nov 8, Bernard Slade's "Romantic Comedy," premiered in NYC.

1979        Sam Shepard (b.1943) wrote his play: "Buried Child." "It presented life as a blurred nightmare founded on vague but bloody sacrifice."
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Shepard)
1979        The play "Bent" was written by Martin Sherman and first performed in London. It’s Broadway debut was in 1980. It was about a gay love story set in a Nazi concentration camp and was made into a film in 1997 that starred Clive Owen, Mick Jagger and Lothaire Bluteau.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, DB p.43)(SFC,11/26/97, p.E8)

1980        Jan 5, The Harold Pinter play "Betrayal" opened on Broadway. The triptych of relationships hinged together by adultery was first produced in London in 1978.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.A24)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betrayal_(play))

1980        Apr 13, "Grease" closed at Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 3,388 performances.

1980        May 25, "Musical Chairs" closed at Rialto Theater in NYC after 15 performances.

1980        May 29, In NYC "Billy Bishop Goes to War" opened at the Morosco Theater for 12 performances.

1980        Jun 29, "Sweeney Todd" closed at Uris Theater NYC after 557 performances.

1980        Jul 10, "True West" by Sam Shepard premiered in SF and became a stage hit. It was a comic drama of fraternal rivalry and family angst.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.E3)(www.theatredatabase.com/20th_century/true_west.html)

1980        Aug 19, Willy Russell's "Educating Rita," premiered in London.

1980        Aug 25, The Broadway musical "42nd Street" opened in NYC for 3486 performances. Producer David Merrick stunned both cast and audience during the curtain call by announcing that the show’s director, Gower Champion, had died earlier that day.
    (AP, 8/25/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/42nd_Street_(musical))
1980        Aug 25, Gower Champion (b.1919), director, dancer (Marge & Gower Champion Show), died.

1980        Sep 17, The musical Les Miserables opened at the Palais des Sports in Paris. Boublil & Schonberg composed the music.
    (SI-WPC, 12/6/96)(www.hugo-online.org/070402.htm)

1980        Nov 5, Lanford Wilson's "5th of July," first produced in 1978, moved to the New Apollo in NYC.

1980        Nov 19, The musical “Dunbar" won the Best Musical of the Year at the Audelco Awards ceremony in NYC. It was based on poet Paul Laurence Dunbar.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.F2)

1980        JoAnn Akalitis, playwright and member of The Mabou Mines, wrote "Dead End Kids."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0090913/)

1981            Jan 8, The "Pirates of Penzance" opened at the Uris Theater, NYC, for 772 performances. Linda Ronstadt (b.1946) debuted Mabel.

1981        Mar 1, "Sophisticated Ladies" opened at Lunt-Fontanne in NYC for 767 performances.

1981        Mar 29, "Woman of the Year" opened at Palace Theater in NYC for 770 performances. John Kander composed the music and Fred Ebb (d.2004) wrote the lyrics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woman_of_the_Year_(musical))(SFC, 9/13/04, p.B4)

1981        Apr 8, The short play "Rockaby" by Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), Irish novelist and playwright, premiered in Buffalo, NY.

1981        May 11, The Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Cats," based on TS Eliot poems,  premiered in London.

1981        Jul 13, Simon Gray's "Quartermaine's Terms," premiered in London.

1981        Sep 6, "They're Playing Our Song" closed at Imperial NYC after 1082 performances.

1981        Oct 16, Harvey Fierstein's "Torch Song Trilogy," premiered off-Broadway in NYC.

1981        Dec 20, Harry Krieger and Tom Eyen's musical "Dreamgirls" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 1522 performances.

1982        Jan 27, "Joseph & the Amazing Dreamcoat" opened at Royale NYC for 747 performances.

1982        Feb 4, Musical "Pump Boys & Dinettes," premiered in NYC for 573 performances.

1982        Feb 21, "Ain't Misbehavin'" closed at Longacre Theater, NYC, after 1604 performances.

1982        Feb 23, Michael Frayn's "Noises Off" premiered in London.

1982        Mar 27, The musical "Best Little Whorehouse in Texas" closed at 46th St in NYC after 1577 performances.

1982        May 9, The musical "Nine," inspired by Federico Fellini's film "Eight and a-Half," opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

1982        May 10, Peter Weiss (b.1916), German playwright (Marat-Sade), died.

1982        Jun 10, The play "Torch Song Trilogy," by Harvey Fierstein, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 6/10/08)

1982        Jun 27, The Broadway show "Dancin'" closed at the Ambassador Theater after 1,774 performances.

1982        Jul 27, Menken and Ashman's musical "Little Shop of Horrors" premiered in NYC.

1982        Aug 28, The burlesque musical "Sugar Babies" closed at the Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC after 1208 performances.

1982        Oct 7, The Andrew Lloyd Webber-Tim Rice musical "Cats," featuring the popular song "Memory," opened on Broadway at Winter Garden Theater. The show closed Sept. 10, 2000 after a record 7,485 performances.
    (AP, 10/7/01)(www.broadwaymusicalhome.com/shows/cats.htm)

1982        Oct 17, Sam Shepard's "True West" premiered in NYC.

1982        Nov 16, Tom Stoppard's "Real Thing," premiered in London.

1982        Nov 28, "Pirates of Penzance" closed at Uris Theater, NYC, after 772 performances.

1982        The musical "Nine" opened on Broadway. It was an adaptation of Fellini’s "8½"The music and lyrics were by Maury Yeston and the book by Arthur Kopit. It was revived in 2003.
    (WSJ, 4/8/03, p.D4)(WSJ, 4/11/03, p.W9)
1982        Caryl Churchill (b.1938), English dramatist, wrote “Top Girls." Here she used a dinner party of historical female martyrs to consider some empty promises of feminism and the rise of selfish ambition.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.79)
1982        The play "Rita, Sue and Bob Too" by Andrea Dunbar, later considered a landmark of British theater, was first produced. It is about two working-class English teenagers and their relationship with an older married man. It was made into a 1987 film.
    (AP, 12/13/17)

1983        Mar 6, "On Your Toes" opened at Virginia Theater in NYC for 505 performances.

1983        Mar 13, "Woman of the Year" closed at Palace Theater NYC after 770 performances.

1983        Mar 27, Neil Simon's "Brighton Beach Memoirs," premiered in NYC.

1983        May 1, "My One & Only" opened at St James Theater in NYC for 767 performances.

1983        May 14, Fyodor Abramov (b.1920), Russian playwright, died in Leningrad. His plays included “Brothers and Sisters."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fyodor_Abramov)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.96)

1983        Jun 5, In the 37th Tony Awards: “Torch Song Trilogy" won for best play and “Cats" won for best musical.

1983        Jun 26, "Evita" closed at Broadway Theater in NYC after 1568 performances.

1983        Jul 30, Lynn Fontanne (b.1887), British-born stage and screen actress (Emmy 1965), died in Wisconsin.

1983        Aug 17, Ira Gershwin (b.1896), lyricist, died in Beverly Hills, Ca.

1983        Aug 21, The musical play "La Cage Aux Folles" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 8/21/98)

1983        Sep 21, The David Mamet play "Glengarry Glen Ross" was first performed in London. It won a Pulitzer Prize in 1984 and was made into a film in 1992.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glengarry_Glen_Ross)(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1983        Nov 21, "Doonesbury" opened at Biltmore Theater in NYC for 104 performances.

1983        "The Gospel at Colonus," a Pentecostal Gospel rendering of Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus, was written by Lee Breur and composed by Bob Telson.
    (SFC, 2/27/97, p.B1)(www.leebreuer.com/cv.htm)

1984        Mar 27, "Starlight Express," a techno musical, roller-skating venture by Andrew Lloyd Weber and Richard Stilgoe, premiered at the Apollo Victoria Theatre, London.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.C6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starlight_Express)

1984        Apr 28, "La Tragedie de Carmen" closed at Beaumont Theater in NYC after 187 performances.

1984        May 20, "On Your Toes" closed at the Virginia Theater in NYC after 505 performances.

1984        Sep 2, "Zorba" closed at the Broadway Theater in NYC after 362 performances.

1984        Sep 6, Lanford Wilson's play "Balm in Gilead," written in 1965, premiered in NYC.

1984        Oct 11, August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom," premiered in NYC.

1984        Dan Goggin created "Nunsense," an off-Broadway cabaret featuring singing, dancing, punning nuns that was intended to run just four weeks.
    (WSJ, 2/17/04, p.B1)

1984        The musical "The Rink" opened on Broadway. John Kander composed the music and Fred Ebb (d.2004) wrote the lyrics.
    (SFC, 9/13/04, p.B4)

1985        Mar 3, "My One and Only" closed at St. James Theater in NYC after 767 performances.

1985        Mar 6, Yul Brynner appeared in his 4,500th performance of "King & I."

1985        Mar 21, Michael Redgrave (b.1908), English actor, died. His films included Alfred Hitchcock's “The Lady Vanishes" (1938), “The Stars Look Down" (1939) and the film of Robert Ardrey's play “Thunder Rock" (1943).

1985        Mar 28, Neil Simon's "Biloxi Blues," premiered in NYC.

1985        Apr 21, The Public Theater staged Larry Kramer’s play about AIDS: “The Normal Heart." In 2011 the show made its debut on Broadway.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Normal_Heart)

1985        May 30, The play "Woman in Mind" by Alan Ayckbourn (b.1936) was first staged in Scarborough at the Stephen Joseph Theatre in the Round.

1985        Aug 11, "Dreamgirls" closed at the Imperial Theater in NYC after 1522 performances.

1985        Nov 19, Herb Gardner's "I'm Not Rappaport," premiered in NYC.

1986        Mar 6, Ken Ludwig's "Lend me a Tenor," premiered in London.

1986        May 18, "Singin' in the Rain" closed at the Gershwin Theater in NYC after 367 performances.

1986        Jun 1, "The Mystery of Edwin Drood" and "I'm Not Rappaport" won the Tony Awards for best musical and best play on Broadway.

1986        Aug 10, "Me and My Girl" opened at Marquis Theater in NYC for 1420 performances.

1986        Oct 9, The musical "Phantom of the Opera" premiered in London.

1986        Dec 4, Neil Simon's "Broadway Bound" premiered in NYC.

1987        Mar 12, "Les Miserables" opened on Broadway. It was written by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schonberg.
    (AP, 3/12/98)(www.jimsdeli.com/theater/1997-before/les-miserables.htm)

1987        Mar 15, "Starlight Express" by Andrew Lloyd Weber, opened at Gershwin Theater in NYC for 761 performances. The initial production had opened at the Apollo Victoria Theatre in London on March 27 1984.

1987        Mar 26, "Fences" by August Wilson (1945-2005) premiered in NYC.

1987        Apr 15, Alfred Uhry's "Driving Miss Daisy," premiered in NYC.

1987        Jul 2, Michael Bennett (b.1943), Chorus Line director, died of AIDS in Tucson, Az.

1987        Sep 20, "Big River: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" closed at the Eugene O’Neill Theater in NYC after 1005 performances.

1987        Oct 15, Lanford Wilson's "Burn This," premiered in NYC.

1987        Nov 5, Stephen Sondheim's and James Lapine's musical "Into the Woods," premiered on Broadway. It had debuted in San Diego at the Old Globe Theatre in 1986.

1987        The play "Frankie and Johnny in the Clair de Lune" by Terrence McNally opened off Broadway.
    (WSJ, 8/13/02, p.D4)
1987        Arthur Miller wrote his play "I Can’t Remember Anything." He also authored in this year his autobiography "Timebends."
    (WSJ, 1/14/98, p.A17)(Econ, 11/1/03, p.82)
1987        English playwright Caryl Churchill wrote “Serious Money," a dramatization of capitalist corruption.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.79)

1988        Jan 26, The Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Phantom of the Opera" opened at Broadway's Majestic Theater. It ran for 4,000+ performances.
    (AP, 1/26/98)(www.broadway.com/gen/show.aspx?SI=1235)

1988        Mar 20, David Henry Hwang's "M. Butterfly" premiered in NYC.

1988        Jun 5, In the 42nd Tony Awards Madame Butterfly won for best play and Phantom of the Opera won for best musical.
    (www.wireimage.com/Headlines.asp?navtyp=CAL&ym=198806&nbc1=1)(AP, 6/5/98)

1989        Jan 8, "42nd Street" closed at Winter Garden Theater, NYC, after 3,486 performances.

1989        Feb 26, The musical "Jerome Robbins' Broadway" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 634 performances.

1989        Mar 9, Wendy Wasserstein's "Heidi Chronicles," first produced by the Seattle Repertory Theater, opened on Broadway at the Plymouth Theater.

1989        Aug 6, "Oh! Calcutta!" closed at Edison Theater in NYC after 5959 performances.

1989        Sep 3, "Into the Woods" closed at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 764 performances.

1989        Sep 20, The musical "Miss Saigon," premiered in London.

1989        Sep 30, Virgil Thomson (b.1896), gay US composer and critic, died at age 92. His work included  “4 Saints in 3 Acts" (1934), the product of the collaboration between the closeted gay composer and the extroverted lesbian poet, Gertrude Stein.

1989        Nov 12, The Broadway musical "Grand Hotel," written by George Forrest and Robert Wright, opened at the Martin Beck Theater for 1018 performances. William A. Drake's 1932 screenplay was based on his own play adaptation of Vicki Baum's novel Menschen im Hotel.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.C2)(www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4254)

1990        Nov 3, Mary Martin (b.1913), Broadway musical actress, died in Rancho Mirage, California. Her roles included Peter Pan.
    (AP, 11/3/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Martin#Filmography)

1990        Nov 8, The play "6 Degrees of Separation," written by John Guare opened at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 496 performances.

1990        Oct 18, "Les Miserables," opened at the Imperial Theatre in NYC.

1991        Feb 21, Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers," premiered in NYC.

1991        Mar 2, "Aspects of Love" closed at Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 377 performances.
    (SC, 3/2/02)
1991        Mar 2, "La Bete" closed at Eugene O'Neill Theater in NYC after 24 performances.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1991        Mar 3, "Big Love" opened at Plymouth Theater in NYC for 41 performances.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1991        Mar 26, Marc Camoletti's "Don't Dress for Dinner" premiered in London.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1991        Apr 3, "Penn & Teller Refrigerator Tour" opened at Eugene O'Neill in NYC.

1991        Apr 11, The musical "Miss Saigon," denounced by detractors as racist and sexist, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 4/11/01)

1991        Apr 25, "Secret Garden" opened at St. James Theater in NYC for 709 performances.

1991        Apr 28, The musical "A Chorus Line" closed after 6,137 performances on Broadway.
    (AP, 4/28/01)

1991        May 1, "Will Rogers Follies" opened at Palace Theater in NYC for 983 performances.

1991        May 23, Peter T. Thwaites, British brig-gen, playwright (Love or money), died.

1991        May 29, "Les Miserables" opened at ACTEA Theatre in Auckland, New Zealand.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1991        Jun 2, "The Will Rogers Follies" won best musical at Broadway’s Tony Awards; "Lost in Yonkers" was named best play.
    (AP, 6/2/01)

1991        Swamp Gravy, the Official Folk Life Play of Georgia, began when Joy Jinks was at a meeting in NYC. She was talking about how she wanted to preserve Colquitt's heritage and record stories about the community. Richard Geer, a student who was working on his doctorate degree, overheard this conversation, and he approached Joy Jinks and said that he wanted to be involved in the project. The group produced plays with universal appeal steeped in Southern tradition.

1992        Jan 19, "City of Angels" closed at Virginia Theater in NYC after 878 performances.

1992        Mar 1, "Little Hotel on the Side" closed at Belasco in NYC after 41 performances.
1992        Mar 1, "Visit" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC after 45 performances.

1992        Mar 22, The show "Conversations with My Father" opened at the Royale Theatre in NYC for 462 performances.

1992        Apr 6, Molly Picon (b.1898), Yiddish actress (Milk and Honey), died of Alzheimer's.

1992        Apr 8, "Five Guys Named Moe" opened at Eugene O'Neill Theater in NYC for 445 performances.

1992        Apr 13, The opera "Life With an Idiot" by Alfred Schnittke had its world premier at the Netherlands Music Theater in Amsterdam.
    (SFC, 8/5/93, p.A17)

1992        Apr 14, "Guys and Dolls" opened at Martin Beck Theater in NYC for 1143 performances.

1992        Apr 26, The musical "Grand Hotel" closed at the Martin Beck Theater NYC after 1,017 performances.

1992        Apr 29, "Falsettos" opened at John Golden Theater in NYC for 487 performances.

1992        May 31, "Crazy for You" was named Broadway's best musical at the Tony Awards; "Dancing at Lughnasa" was named best play.
    (AP, 5/31/97)

1992        Aug 18, "Real Inspector Hound" opened at Criterion in NYC for 61 performances.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1992        William Bolcom composed his opera “McTeague."
    (WSJ, 12/15/04, p.D10)

1993        Mar 4, "Goodbye Girl" opened at Marquis Theater in NYC for 188 performances.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1993        Mar 17, Helen Hayes (92), the "First Lady of the American Theater," died in Nyack, N.Y. Hayes quit the theater in 1971 due to severe asthma.
    (AP, 3/17/98)(SSFC, 12/2/07, Par p.4)

1993        Apr 13, Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia," premiered in London.

1993        Apr 22, Peter Townshend's rock musical "Tommy," premiered in NYC.

1993        May 3, "Kiss of the Spider Woman" opened at Broadhurst in NYC for 906 performances. John Kander composed the music and Fred Ebb (d.2004) wrote the lyrics.
    (www.imagi-nation.com/moonstruck/albm57.html)(SFC, 9/13/04, p.B4)

1993        Jul 12, Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical "Sunset Boulevard" opened in London.

1993        Sep 5, "Jelly's Last Jam" closed at Virginia Theater NYC after 569 performances.
1993        Sep 5, "Will Rogers Follies" closed at Palace Theater NYC after 983 performances.

1993        Oct 26, Harold Rome (b.1908), Broadway composer, lyricist, died. His musicals included Fanny (1954), Destry Rides Again (1959), and I Can Get It For You Wholesale (1962).

1994        Mar 3, "Damn Yankees" opened at Marquis Theater in NYC for 510 performances.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1994        Apr 5, "Jackie Mason Politically Incorrect" opened at Golden in NYC for 347 performances.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1994        May 9, "Passion" opened at Plymouth Theater in NYC for 280 performances.

1994        May 29, "Joseph & the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" closed at Minskoff Theater in NYC after 223 performances.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1994        May 29, "Picnic" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC after 45 performances.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1994        Jul 16, "Sisters Rosensweig" closed at Barrymore Theater in NYC after 556 performances.

1994        Nov 17, The Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Sunset Boulevard" opened at Minskoff Theater on Broadway with Glenn Close as faded movie star Norma Desmond. It ran for 977 performances.
    (AP, 11/17/99)

1995        Mar 2, "Smokey Joe's Cafe" opened at Virginia Theater in NYC.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1995        Mar 23, "How To Succeed in Business Without Really Trying" opened at the Roy Rodgers NYC for 548 performances.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1995        Mar 26, "Defending the Caveman" opened at Helen Hayes Theater in NYC for 671 performances.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1995        Mar 26, "Moliere Comedies" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC after 56 performances.

1995        Jul 1, "Kiss of the Spider Woman" closed at Broadhurst in NYC after 904 performances.

1995        Oct 25, "Victor/Victoria," opened at Marquis Theater NYC for 738 performances.

1996        Apr 29, "Rent" opened at Nederlander Theater in NYC.

1996        Jun 2, "Rent," "Bring in 'da Noise, Bring in 'da Funk" and "The King and I" dominated the 1996 Tony Awards, each winning four prizes.
    (AP, 6/2/97)

1996        Nov 17, "Present Laughter" opened at Walter Kerr Theater NYC.

1997        Mar 22, The show "Sunset Boulevard" closed at Minskoff in NYC after 977 performances.

1997        Mar 26, "Annie" opened at Martin Beck Theater NYC.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1997        Apr 28, "Jekyll & Hyde" opened at Plymouth Theater NYC.

1997        May 6, The New York Drama Critics’ Circle picked "How I Learned to Drive" as the best play for the ‘96-’97 season. "Violet" was selected as the best musical, and "Skylight" by David Hare was the best foreign play.
    (SFC, 5/8/97, p.A20)

1997        May 18, "King David" opened at New Amsterdam Theater in NYC.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1997        Jun 8, Reid Shelton (71), actor (Daddy Warbucks-Annie), died of stroke.

1997        Nov 13, "Lion King," opened at New Amsterdam Theater, NYC. It was based on the Disney film.
    (www.applause-tickets.com/newyork/thelionking.asp)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A23)

1998        Jan 25, "Grease" closed at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 1,503 performances.

1998        Feb 14, The rock musical "Hedwig and the Angry Inch" opened off Broadway at the Jane Street Theater. It was written by John Cameron Mitchell.
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.D1)

1998        Feb 22, Revival of "King & I," closed at Neil Simon Theater in NYC after 781 performances.

1998        Mar 1, "Art" opened at Royale Theater NYC.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1999        William Bolcom composed his opera “A View From the Bridge."
    (WSJ, 12/15/04, p.D10)
1999        Norman Conard and his high school students in rural Kansas began producing "Life in a Jar," a play about Irena Sendler, a Polish woman who saved hundreds of Jewish children during the Holocaust, as part of a history project. On June 11, 2018, Poland's Culture Ministry and the San Francisco-based Taube Philanthropies presented Conard with the 2018 Irena Sendler Memorial Award in Warsaw.
    (AP, 6/11/18)

2000        Sep 10, The Broadway show “Cats" closed after nearly 18 years and 7,485 performances at the NYC Winter Garden.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.F4)

2001        Sep 13, "Urinetown" was scheduled to open on Broadway. It was written by Greg Kotis and Mark Hollman and closed Jan 18, 2004 after 965 performances.
    (SFC, 7/3/03, p.E1)(SFC, 11/4/03, p.D6)

2001        May 13, Jason Miller (62), actor-playwright, died in Scranton, Pa.
    (AP, 5/13/02)

2002        Mar 17, After nearly a year's run, Nathan Lane and Matthew Broderick left the Broadway hit musical "The Producers." They later returned for a limited engagement.
    (AP, 3/17/07)

2003        Apr 30, Eric Gupton (b.1960), founding member of the Black theater troupe Pomo Afro Homos, died in SF of complications from AIDS. The group’s breakthrough first show was titled “Fierce Love: Stories From black Gay Life" (1990).
    (SFC, 2/18/08, p.E1)

2003        Jun 8, "Hairspray" took firm hold of the Tony Awards, collecting eight prizes, including best musical. Brian Dennehy and Vanessa Redgrave won best actor and actress for their roles in "Long Day's Journey into Night." The best play was "Take Me Out," Richard Greenberg's play about a gay baseball player.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.D9)

2003        Jun 17, John Redwood (60), actor and playwright, died in south Philadelphia. His plays included "No Niggers, No Jews, No Dogs" (2001).
    (SFC, 7/1/03, p.A17)

2004        Jun 6, In the 58th annual Tony Awards “Avenue Q" won for best Broadway musical. "I Am My Own Wife" was named best play; Phylicia Rashad, who starred in a revival of "A Raisin in the Sun," became the first black actress to win a Tony for a leading dramatic role.
    (SFC, 6/7/04, D1)(AP, 6/6/05)

2004        Deborah Jowitt authored “Jerome Robbins: His Life, His Theater, His Dance."
    (SSFC, 8/15/04, p.M1)

2005        Jun 11, Lillian Lux (86), star of Yiddish theater, died. She made her name with almost continuous performances of “A Khasene in Shtetl" (A Village Wedding) from the 1940s.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.86)

2006        Jan 30, Playwright Wendy Wasserstein (55) died. She celebrated women confronting feminism, careers, love and motherhood in such works as "The Heidi Chronicles" and "The Sisters Rosensweig." She was the first woman to win both a Tony and Pulitzer prize. In 2011 Julie Salamon authored “Wendy and the Lost Boys: The Uncommon Life of Wendy Wasserstein."
    (AP, 1/30/06)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.78)

2006        Mar 24, The $24 million musical production of "Lord of the Rings" at Toronto's Princess of Wales Theatre met mixed reviews as critics applauded its leaping orcs and menacing dark riders, but got lost in the tangled plots of Middle Earth.
    (Reuters, 3/27/06)

2006        Oct 22, Arnold Sundgaard, librettist and playwright, died in Dallas, Texas. He and Kurt Weill collaborated on the 1948 opera “Down in the Valley."
    (SFC, 11/10/06, p.B8)

2006        Playwright Caryl Churchill wrote “Drunk Enough to Say I Love You." Here she imagined the asymmetric relationship between America and Britain as a gay romance.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.79)
2006        Shen Yun, a performing dance group, was formed in New York by followers of Falun Gong, a spiritual movement founded in China in 1992 and banned by the government in 1999.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shen_Yun)(SFC, 1/11/20, p.A9)

2007        Apr 17, Kitty Carlisle Hart (b.1910), stage and film singer and actress, died in New York.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitty_Carlisle_Hart)

2007        Jun 10, In the annual US Tony Awards “Spring Awakening" won as the top musical with 8 awards, and “Coast of Utopia" by Tome Stoppard won as best play with 7 awards.
    (SFC, 6/11/07, p.D3)

2007        Jun 19, "The Lord of the Rings" musical, the most expensive production in West End history, opened at London's Theatre Royal to mixed reviews, with some critics praising it as brilliant and others calling it corny and "a thumping great flop."
    (AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Nov 10, A stagehands strike shut down most Broadway shows, with curtains rising again 19 days later.
    (AP, 11/10/08)

2007        Nov 28, Broadway stagehands and theater producers reached a tentative agreement on ending a crippling 19-day-old strike.
    (AP, 11/28/08)

2007        Dec 25, Actress Pat Kirkwood (b.1921), once a star of British musical theater, died.
    (AP, 12/26/07)(SFC, 12/29/07, p.B5)

2007        Michael Billington authored “British Theater since 1945."
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.100)

2007         “Show Choir!, The Musical" by Mark McDaniels and Donald Garverick, made its premiere at the New York International Fringe Festival. The original musical comedy was awarded two awards for Overall Excellence. After a very successful reading in November 2008, the musical is actively making its way to Broadway.

2008        Feb 6, The play “Betrayed" by George Packer opened at Manhattan's Culture Project. It was based on his article in the New Yorker concerning Iraqis, who have worked with American forces.

2008        Jun 15, In the annual NYC Tony Awards “August: Osage County" won 5 awards and the musical “In the Heights" won 4 awards.
    (SFC, 6/16/08, p.E3)

2008        Jul 19, Brazilian actress and comedian Dercy Goncalves (101), known for her vulgar wit and scandalous behavior, died in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 7/20/08)

2008        Jul 29, Luther Davis (b.1916), Tony-winning playwright and screenwriter, died in the Bronx. His plays included “Kismet" (1954). In 1978 he turned Kismet into a new show titled “Timbuktu!"

2008        Aug 11, George Furth (b.1932), writer and actor, died in Santa Monica. He wrote the book for “Company," a 1971 Broadway musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. As an actor he appeared in over 85 films and TV show episodes.
    (SFC, 8/12/08, p.B5)

2008        Sep 4, The musical “Fela!" premiered off-Broadway at 37 Arts Theatre B in New York City. It was based on the work of Nigerian musician Fela Anikulapo-Fela (1938-1997). In 2010 the show won 3 Tony awards.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fela!)

2008        Oct 16, Edie Adams (b.1927), actress and singer, died. The blonde beauty had won a Tony Award for bringing Daisy Mae to life on Broadway and played the television foil to her husband, comedian Ernie Kovacs.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Nov 25, Gerald Schoenfeld (b.1924), head of the Shubert Organization, died in NYC. From 1972 he and Bernard B. Jacobs (d.1996) reinvigorated the commercial theater business.
    (SFC, 11/27/08, p.B8)

2008        Dec 8, Robert Prosky (77), theater, film and TV actor, died.
    (SFC, 12/12/08, p.B9)

2008        Dec 24, Harold Pinter (78), a Nobel Prize-winning British playwright, died. He was one of theater's biggest names for nearly half a century. His 32 plays included "The Birthday Party", "The Dumb Waiter" and "The Homecoming". His first play, "The Room," appeared in 1957 and his breakthrough came with "The Caretaker" in 1960. In 2010 Antonia Fraser published “Must You Go? My Life With Harold Pinter."
    (AFP, 12/25/08)(SSFC, 11/7/10, p.F4)

2008        Christopher Plummer, Canadian-born Shakespearean actor, authored his memoir “In Spite of Myself."
    (WSJ, 11/4/08, p.A17)

2009        Mar 15, Actor Ron Silver (62) died in NYC. He had been fighting esophageal cancer for two years. Silver won a Tony Award as a take-no-prisoners Hollywood producer in David Mamet's "Speed-the-Plow" and did a political about-face from loyal Democrat to Republican activist after the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 3/16/09)

2009        Apr 25, Beatrice Arthur (b.1922), stage and TV actress, died. The tall, deep-voiced actress considered herself lucky to be discovered by television executives after a long stage career that included a Tony award for the musical "Mame." Her TV shows included  “Maude" (1972-1978) and “The Golden Girls" (1985-1992).
    (AP, 4/26/09)(SSFC, 4/26/09, p.B6)

2009        May 2, In Brazil Augusto Boal (78), theater director and playwright known for the interactive genre called the "Theater of the Oppressed," died. Seen as a threat to the dictatorship that ruled Brazil between 1964 and 1985, Boal was arrested, jailed and tortured before being exiled to Argentina. He returned to Brazil after the fall of the military regime.
    (AP, 5/2/09)

2009        May 19, "Glee," Fox's new musical comedy, premiered.

2009        Jun 30, Shi Pei Pu (b.1938), a Chinese operatic soprano, died in Paris. His affair with French lover Bernard Boursicot (b.1945), inspired the 1988 play and 1993 film “M. Butterfly." Both were arrested for espionage in 1983 and convicted in 1986. Shi was pardoned in 1987.
    (SFC, 7/4/09, p.B3)

2009        Jul 2, Pina Bausch (b.1940), influential German choreographer and dancer, died. She was the artistic director of the Tanztheater Wuppertal, founded in 1973.
    (SFC, 7/4/09, p.B3)

2009        Sep 17, In London the musical play “Enron," written by Lucy Prebble, opened at the Royal Court Theater.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.90)

2009        Oct 6, In London the play “The Power of Yes," written by Sir David Hare, opened at the Royal National Theater.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.90)

2009        Dec 6, The play “Race," by David Mamet, opened on Broadway.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.95)

2009        In Dallas, Texas, the new Bill and Margot Winspear Opera House, designed by Norman Foster, opened on Flora Street in the Dallas Arts District. Across the street the new Dee and Charles Wyly Theater, designed by Joshua Prince-Ramos and Rem Koolhaas, also opened.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.42)
2009        Germany’s Hamburg theater staged an opera about IKEA, “Wunder von Schweden" (Miracle from Sweden), a biography of IKEA set to Swedish folk tunes.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.67)

2010        Jun 13, In the 64th Tony Awards “Red," John Logan’s drama about painter Mark Rothko, won as the top drama. A revival of August Wilson’s “Fences" and the musical “Memphis" also won top honors.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.D1)

2010        Jul 2, Stanley Williams, co-founder of San Francisco’s Lorraine Hansberry Theater (1981), died at his home in SF. Quentin Easter, his partner and co-founder of the theater, had died 9 weeks earlier.
    (SFC, 7/5/10, p.C5)

2010        Oct 10, Dame Joan Sutherland (83), renowned Australian opera soprano, died at her home in Switzerland.
    (SFC, 10/12/10, p.C3)

2010        Oct 24, Joseph Stein (b.1912), playwright, died. Stein wrote the librettos for “Fiddler on the Roof" (1964) based on stories by Sholom Aleichem, and “Zorba the Greek" (1968).
    (SFC, 11/4/10, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stein)

2010        Nov 3, Jerry Bock, composer of the score to “Fiddler on the Roof" (1964), died in Mount Kisco, NY. Bock wrote the score with lyricist Sheldon Harnick.
    (SFC, 11/4/10, p.A13)

2010        Nov 5, Jill Clayburgh (66), Hollywood and Broadway actress, died in Connecticut after a 21-year battle with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. She was known for portrayals of empowered women in a career spanning five decades, highlighted by her Oscar-nominated role of a divorcee exploring life after marriage in the film "An Unmarried Woman" (1978).
    (AP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 19, The opera “Billy Blythe" opened in Little Rock, Arkansas. It was created by Bonnie Montgomery and Britt Barber and focused on one day in the life of teenager and later US Pres. Bill Clinton.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.41)

2011        Mar 13, Broadway import "Legally Blonde The Musical," based on the 2001 Reese Witherspoon film, picked up this year’s Olivier Award for Best New Musical, in the Society of London Theatre's prize-giving ceremony at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane.
    (AFP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 24, The Book of Mormon, a new musical collaboration between South Park creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone and Avenue Q composer Robert Lopez, premiered on Broadway.

2011        Apr 4, In the northern West Bank Juliano Mer-Khamis, a well-known actor and theatre director born of Jewish and Arab parents, died when a gunman opened fire on his car in the Jenin refugee camp as he was driving home with his infant son and the babysitter.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)

2011                Jun 4, The death of longtime Disneyland performer Betty Taylor was announced on the Disneyland website. Ms. Taylor, age 91, played the role of Slue Foot Sue in the Golden Horseshoe Revue. A native of Seattle, she had been a dancer and stage performer before joining the cast of the long-running Disneyland production; she performed in the Revue for three decades. Ironically, her co-star, Wally Boag, died a day earlier.
            (AP, 6/5/11)

2011            Jun 12, At the Tony Awards, the big winner was “The Book of Mormon," described by one critic as a “profane and hysterical" musical comedy, from the creators of the hit TV show “South Park."  The play earned nine awards, including the year’s Best Musical.
            (AP, 6/12/11)

2011        Jun 14, The much-delayed stage play “Spider-Man: Turn Off The Dark" finally opened on Broadway. Originally scheduled to open on February 18, 2010, the project endured financial problems, accidents that injured several cast members, and criticism from preview audiences, which led to the firing of the play’s original director, Julie Taymor.
            (AP, 6/15/11)

2011        Oct 1, Francois Abu Salem (b.1951), a French actor and director and long-time West Bank resident, died in Ramallah. He was the co-founder of the El-Hakawati Theatre Company, which later grew into the Palestinian National Theatre, in east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 6, Australian actress Diane Cilento (78), who was once married to James Bond actor Sean Connery, died. In 1956 she was nominated for a Tony Award for her portrayal of Helen of Troy in the play "Tiger at the Gates." She received an Academy Award nomination in 1963 for best supporting actress for her work in the movie "Tom Jones."
    (AP, 10/7/11)

2012        Mar 30, Bangladesh police arrested two school teachers on suspicion of staging a drama containing blasphemous remarks about the Prophet Mohammed. Violence erupted the next day as up to 7,000 Muslims shouted slogans and set ablaze the house of the drama's director, who has fled the remote area.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2012        Sep 13, In Uganda British producer David Cecil appeared in court charged with "disobeying lawful orders" from the Uganda Media Council, which says he staged "The River and the Mountain," a play about being gay in Uganda, in Kampala last month despite orders to the contrary.
    (AP, 9/13/12)

2012        Lin-Manuel Miranda (b.1980) wrote and composed the hip-hop musical “Hamilton." The musical based on the Hamilton Mixtape, premiered Off-Broadway at The Public Theater in January 2015.
2012        Yuval Taylor and Jake Austen authored “Darkest America: Black Minstrelsy From Slavery to Hip-op."
    (SSFC, 8/26/12, p.G5)

2013        Jan 18, In Russia a masked assailant in Moscow threw acid on the face of Sergei Filin, artistic director of the Bolshoi Ballet. Filin suffered 3rd degree burns and underwent eye surgery to save his sight.
    (SFC, 1/19/13, p.A3)

2013        Feb 17, British actor Richard Briers (79), best known for the 1970s TV sit-com "The Good Life" but also for his Shakespearean roles, died at his London home. His film credits included "A Chorus Of Disapproval" (1989) and "Watership Down" (1978) in which he was the voice of Fiver.
    (Reuters, 2/18/13)

2013        May 2, In Russia Valery Gergiev, the artistic director of the Mariinsky theater in St. Petersburg, opened the new Mariinsky theater next door to the old imperial structure.
    (Econ, 5/11/13, p.87)

2013        May 3, Herbert Blau, innovator in American theater, died at his home in Seattle. He and Jules Irving founded the Actor’s Workshop in SF in 1952. It continued until 1965 when the founders left to run New York’s new Lincoln Center theater company.
    (SFC, 5/10/13, p.C7)

2013        Jun 9, The Broadway musical “Kinky Boots," with songs by pop star Cyndi Lauper, won 6 Tony Awards.
    (SFC, 6/10/13, p.A6)

2013        Jul 9, In Russia Anatoly Iksanov (61), the chief of Moscow's Bolshoi Theater, was fired after months of infighting following an acid attack on its artistic director that has stained the reputation of one of the legendary names in world ballet.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(SFC, 7/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 26, In Lithuania the 10th edition of the Vilnius Intl. Theater Festival opened.
    (SSFC, 9/8/13, p.N3)

2013        Sep 28, The NYC Opera production of “Anna Nicole," at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, ended.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.34)

2013        Oct 1, The 70-year-old NYC Opera announced it was shutting down and would file for bankruptcy.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.34)

2014        Mar 8, Gerard Mortier (70), Belgian opera director, died. His nonconformist style often grated the tradition-bound elite and who became a fiercely avant-garde impresario. He became the director of Belgium's National Operation, known as La Monnaie, in 1981, steering it away from "bourgeois" entertainment and to international recognition and acclaim.
    (AP, 3/9/14)

2014        May 31, The Queen musical "We Will Rock You" closed in its London home after 12 straight years. It had played to more than 6.5 million people at the Dominion Theatre with over 4,600 performances.
    (AFP, 3/11/14)

2014        Oct 5, Yuri Lyubimov (b.1917), founder and director of Moscow’s Taganka Theater (1964-1983 and 1989-2011), died in Moscow.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taganka_Theatre)(Econ, 10/25/14, p.94)

2014        Dec 21, British actress Billie Whitelaw (82), who collaborated closely with Irish playwright Samuel Beckett and appeared on stage and screen for decades, died in a London nursing home. She made more than 50 movies, including Alfred Hitchcock's "Frenzy" in 1972.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billie_Whitelaw)(AP, 12/22/14)(Econ, 1/3/15, p.74)

2015        Feb 15, Musical Miss Saigon swept the board at the What's on Stage theatre awards in London's West End, where it won nine awards.
    (AFP, 2/16/15)

2015        Oct 2, In Ireland Brian Friel (86), Tony Award-winning playwright, died. He created "Dancing at Lughnasa" (1990) and more than 30 other plays.
    (AP, 10/2/15)(Econ, 10/17/15, p.98)

2016        Apr 12, Anne Jackson (90), American stage actress, died at her home in Manhattan. She had shared a long and distinguished career with her husband Eli Wallach (d.2014).
    (SFC, 4/15/16, p.D4)

2016        Apr 13, Prolific British playwright Arnold Wesker (83) died. He drew on his heritage as a working-class Jew to create plays that captured the dialogue and struggles of the common man.
    (AP, 4/13/16)

2016        Oct 13, In Italy Dario Fo (90), playwright and 1997 Nobel Prize laureate, died. His plays included “The Accidental Death of an Anarchist" (1970).
    (SFC, 10/14/16, p.D10)(Econ, 10/22/16, p.82)

2016        Nov 18, Vice President-elect Mike Pence was booed at a performance of the award-winning Broadway musical "Hamilton," whose "alarmed and anxious" cast made an unusual call for Donald Trump's incoming administration to work on behalf of all Americans.
    (AFP, 11/19/16)

2017        Jun 11, In NYC the musical “Dear Evan Hansen" took the best new musical trophy at the annual Tony Awards along with five other statuettes. A revival of “Hello Dolly" with Bette Midler, who won as best actress, came away with four Tonys. “Oslo," a mediation on diplomacy was named best play.
    (SFC, 6/12/17, p.A4)

2017        Jul 27, US Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Sam Shepard (b.1943) died at his home in Kentucky.
    (SFC, 8/1/17, p.A1)

2017        Sep 11, In London Peter Hall (86), a visionary theater director and impresario, died. He founded the Royal Shakespeare Company and helped build Britain's National Theatre into a producing powerhouse.
    (AP, 9/12/17)

2018        Mar 17, Sammy Williams (69), Tony-winning actor in "A Chorus Line," died of cancer in North Hollywood.
    (SFC, 3/23/18, p.D5)

2018        May 31, In Zimbabwe a play that was banned by Robert Mugabe about a 1980s government crackdown in which rights groups say 20,000 civilians were killed was performed in Zimbabwe for the first time. The play, "1983, The Dark Years", was stopped by the censors in 2012.
    (AP, 6/1/18)

2018        Jun 5, Renowned Australian playwright David Williamson (76) said that he is disappointed Chinese censors have canceled a production of his play "The Removalists" for the official reason that it contains bad language and violence. He said some involved in the production suspect the true reason the classic Australian play was banned was its depiction of police abusing their authority.
    (AP, 6/5/18)

2018        Jul 1, Choreographer Gillian Lynne (92), who worked closely for many years with composer Andrew Lloyd Webber on some of his most famous works, died in London. Lynne's many credits included the phenomenally successful "Cats" and "Phantom of the Opera."
    (AP, 7/2/18)

2018        Jul 17, Gary Beach, a Tony Award-winning actor, died at his home in Palm Springs. He won the 2001 Tony for best featured actor in a musical for "The Producers".
    (SSFC, 7/22/18, p.C8)

2018        Aug 26, American playwright Neil Simon (b.1927) died at New York Presbyterian Hospital. He is the only playwright to have four plays running on Broadway simultaneously: "Barefoot in the Park," "The Odd Couple," "Sweet Charity" and "The Star-Spangle Girl" all played in the 1966-67 season.
    (SFC, 8/27/18, p.C1)

2018        Aug 31, Carole Shelley (b.1939), London-born actress, died at her home in Manhattan. She first appeared on Broadway in the original production of "The Odd Couple" as on of the two Pigeon sisters. She won a Tony Award in 1979 for her role in the "The Elephant Man".
    (SFC, 9/6/18, p.D2)

2018        Sep 16, In China "Kinky Boots", whose music and lyrics were written by pop veteran Cyndi Lauper, wrapped up its two-month -- a long run for a country where censors often frown upon gay entertainment.
    (AFP, 9/16/18)

2018        Nov 11, Canadian actor Douglas Rain, the voice of the hal 9000 computer in the 1968 film "2001: A Space Odyssey," died in St. Marys, Ontario. He had performed for 32 seasons at the Stratford Festival in Ontario.
    (SFC, 11/14/18, p.C8)

2018        Nov 17, Jerry Frankel (b.1930), former dress manufacturer and producer of Broadway shows, died in Manhattan. In all he produced 53 Broadway plays wih various partners, most ofter with Jeffrey Richards.
    (SFC, 11/21/18, p.C5)

2019        Jan 15, American musical comedy legend Carol Channing (b.1921) died in Rancho Mirage, Ca. She was best iknown for her performance as Dolly Levi in "Hello, Dolly!," a role she performed more than 5,000 times. She began as a Broadway musical actress, starring in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" (1949). Her films included "Thoroughly Modern Millie" (1967).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carol_Channing)(SFC, 1/16/19, p.A7)

2019        Apr 24, Britain's prolific theatre director Peter Brook (94) won Spain's top arts prize, the Princess of Asturias award, as "one of the great renovators of the performing arts".
    (AP, 4/24/19)

2019        Jun 9, In NYC "Hadestown," the soulful musical by Anais Mitchell based on an ancient Greek myth, triumphed over much more traditionally commercial fare in the annual Tony awards.
    (AP, 6/10/19)

2019        Jun 10, In India Girish Karnad (81), a top playwright, actor and director and a rights activist, died in Bangalore after a prolonged illness.
    (AP, 6/10/19)

2019        Oct 4, Britain's National Theater said it has decided to end its partnership with energy group Royal Dutch Shell as part of a broader "climate emergency" initiative to reduce its carbon impact.
    (Reuters, 10/4/19)

2019        Oct 30,  A Myanmar court sentenced five members of a traditional theatrical troupe to a year in prison for their gibes about the military.
    (SFC, 8/31/19, p.A2)

2019        Nov 27, British satirist and director Jonathan Miller (85) died. His career spanned over 50 years from the hit comedy review show "Beyond the Fringe" to directing for some of the world's grandest opera houses.
    (Reuters, 11/27/19)

2019        Dec 6, In Hungary a government spokesman confirmed that the government is seeking a greater say in the operation of theaters that it partly funds. He said a recent sexual harassment case at a Budapest theater made the changes necessary as the government currently has no power to sack the director of the theatre involved.
    (Reuters, 12/6/19)

2019        Dec 26, Broadway composer Jerry Herman (b.1931) died in Miami. His shows included "Milk and Honey" (1961), "Hello Dolly" (1964), "Mame" (1966) and "la Cage aux Folles" (1983).
    (SSFC, 12/29/19, p.B3)

2019        Dec 31, In San Francisco the last performance of the "Beach Blanket Babylon" show took place at Club Fugazi following a run of 45 years.
    (SFC, 1/1/20, p.A1)

2020        Mar 24, Terrence McNally (81), a Tony-winning playwright, librettist and screenwriter, died in Florida from complications of the COVID-19 coronavirus. His work included "Kiss of the Spider Woman" (1993), "Love! Valour! Compassion!" (1995) and "Master Class" (1996).
    (SFC, 3/25/20, p.B3)

2020        Jun 29, The Broadway League, the national trade association for the Broadway industry, said New York City's iconic Broadway shows will be suspended through the rest of the year due to the coronavirus pandemic.
    (Good Morning America, 6/29/20)

2020        Jul 5, Broadway star Nick Cordero (41) died in Los Angeles of complications from COVID-19 following a 3-month battle with the disease.
    (Good Morning America, 7/6/20)

2020        Sep 15, Steve Carter (90), Black playwright, died in Tomball, Texas. He was one of many to emerge from the Negro Ensemble Company in NYC in the '60s, '70s and '80s.
    (SSFC, 9/20/20, p.C12)

2020        Oct 14, Herbert Kretzmer (95), a lyricist and a song writer from South Africa, died at his home in London. In 1985 he was asked to reimagine an obscure French musical, “Les Misérables." He wrote the English lyrics and turned it into one of the most successful and longest-running theater productions.
    (NY Times, 10/14/20)

2020        Dec 12, Ann Reinking (b.1949), Broadway star and Tony-award winning choreographer, died in Seattle. She was known as the star of such musicals as: "Sweet Charity" and "Chicago."
    (SFC, 12/16/20, p.A5)

2020        Dec 18, Roger Berlind (90), a producer of more than 100 Broadway plays and musicals and the winner of 25 Tony Awards, died at his home in Montana. The death of his wife and three of four children in a June 1975 plane crash in New York City changed the trajectory of his life.
    (AP, 12/26/20)

2021        Sep 9, Jean-Claude van Itallie (85), Belgium-born American playwright, died in Manhattan. He was known for "American Hurrah." a form-bending trio of one-acts that opened in the East Village in 1966 and ran for more than 630 performances.
    (SSFC, 9/19/21, p.F9)

2021        Sep 26, In the Tony Awards ceremony, the first in 27 months, the best musical award went to “Moulin Rouge! The Musical." The best play award went to “The Inheritance," a two-part drama, written by Matthew López and inspired by “Howards End," about two generations of gay men in New York City.
    (NY Times, 9/27/21)

2021        Nov 13, Ed Bullins (86), among the most significant Black playwrights of the 20th century, died at his home in Roxbury, Mass. He was a leading voice in the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s and ’70s and produced nearly 100 plays that reflected the Black urban experience.
    (NY Times, 11/16/21)(SSFC, 11/21/21, p.F7)

2021        Nov 26, Stephen Sondheim (91), Broadway composer and lyricist, died at his home in Roxbury, Connecticut. He helped American musical theater evolve beyond pure entertainment and reach new artistic heights with such works as "West Side Story," "Into the Woods" and "Sweeney Todd".
    (Reuters, 11/26/21)

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