Timeline of Poets

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645BC        Archilochus (b.~680BC), Greek poet (Archilochos, Archilocos), died about this time. He lived on the island of Paros and his innovative poetry, in various meters, was the first to focus upon personal experiences and emotions.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, TQ p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archilochus)

278BC        Qu Yuan (b.~340BC), Chinese poet and scholar, died. His poems included “The Lament," written following the capture of Yingdu, capital of Chu, by General Bai Qi of the state of Qin.

239BC-169BC        Ennius, Roman poet: "A friend in need is a friend indeed."
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, Par p.26)(WUD, 1994, p.474)

169BC        Ennius, considered to be the father of Latin poetry, died.
    (Econ, 2/6/15, p.77)

100BC        The Greek poet Meleager gathered a collection of poems in his “anthologia" (The Greek Anthology).
    (WSJ, 11/15/08, p.W10)

65 BC        Dec 8, Quintus "Horace" Horatius Flaccus (d.8 BCE), Roman poet and satirist best known for his three books "Odes," was born.
    (HN, 12/8/98)(AP, 11/4/00)

55BC        Lucretius (b.~99BC), a Roman poet and philosopher, died about this time. He had authored “On the Nature of Things" (De Rerum Natura), which laid out in 7,400 lines of Latin verse the radical philosophy of the Greek philosopher Epicurus (341BC-270BC). The work disappeared in the Middle Ages and lay largely forgotten until 1417, when bibliophile Poggio Bracciolini stumbled on the work in a monastery in southern Germany.
    (SSFC, 12/18/11, p.F7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucretius)

54BC        Gaius Valerius Catullus (b.~84BC), Roman poet, died about this time. He became famous for his epicurean lifestyle and erotic poems.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catullus)(Econ, 2/23/08, p.103)

37BC        Virgil (b.70BC), Roman poet, authored the 4th of his Eclogues. This included text regarding the newborn son of Consul Polio in which Virgil said the child would initiate a golden age in which lion and lamb would lie together amid peace and plenty. Early Christians took this as a prediction of Christ.
    (WSJ, 12/29/07, p.W12)

8 BC        Nov 27, Quintus "Horace" Horatius Flaccus (b. 65BC), Roman poet and satirist best known for his three books "Odes," died in Rome. In 2002 J.D. McClatchy edited "Horace: The Odes, New Translations by Contemporary Poets. His quotes included: "Drop the question what tomorrow may bring, and count as profit every day that Fate allows you." "Many shall be restored that now are fallen and many shall fall that are now in honor."
    (AP, 11/4/00)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M2)(Econ., 6/27/20, p.61)

699        Li Po (d.762), classical Chinese poet, was born. His poems included "Drinking Alone With the Moon."
    (SFC, 10/30/03, p.A26)

814        Abu-Nuwas al-Hasan ben Hani al-Hakami (b.756), one of the greatest of classical Arabic poets, died. He also composed in Persian on occasion. Born in the city of Ahvaz in Persia, of an Arab father and a Persian mother, he became a master of all the contemporary genres of Arabic poetry. Abu Nuwas has entered the folkloric tradition, and he appears several times in The Book of One Thousand and One Nights. His witty and humorous poetry, which dealt not with the traditional desert themes, but with urban life and the joys of wine and drinking (khamriyyat - khamriyaat), and ribald humor (mujuniyyat).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Nuwas)(Econ, 12/20/03, p.68)(Econ, 8/18/12, p.55)

1010        Abolqasem Firdawsi (Ferdowsi), a Persian poet, completed the “Shahnameh," or “Book of Kings." It is an epic of more than 50,000 rhyming couplets weaving the history of ancient shahs with myth and legend. One might call it the Iliad of Persia. Over the centuries shahs have had the poem copied and illustrated by the best artists of the day. In 2006 Dick Harris made an abridged translation to English in prose.
    (WSJ, p. A-18, 10/13/94)(WSJ, 3/7/06, p.D8)

1058        Al-Ma’arri (b.973), a blind Syrian philosopher, poet and writer, died. He attacked the dogmas of religion and rejected the claim that Islam or any other religion possessed the truths they claimed.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, SR p.13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ma%CA%BFarri)

c1100-c1200    Basavanna was a 12th-century Hindu Lingayat philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet in the Niraakaara Shiva-focussed Bhakti movement and a social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka, India. He founded Lingayatism, often considered a Hindu sect, but it rejects the authority of the Vedas, the caste system, and Hindu beliefs such as reincarnation and karma. Worship is centred on Shiva as the universal god in the iconographic form of Ishtalinga. Lingayatism emphasises qualified monism, with philosophical foundations similar to those of the 11th-12th century South Indian philosopher Ramanuja.

1207        Sep 30, Jalal ud-din Rumi (Jelaluddin Rumi, d.1273), Persian poet and mystic was born in the area of Balkh, Afghanistan. He later fled the Mongol invasions with his family to Konya (Iconium), Anatolia. His work “Mathwani" (Spiritual Couplets) filled 6 volumes and had a great impact on Islamic civilization. He founded the Mevlevi order of Sufis, later known as the “whirling dervishes." In 1998 a film was made about the Sufi poet’s influence on the 20th century. In 1998 Kabir Helminski edited “The Rumi Collection" with translation by Robert Bly and others. His work also included the “Shams I-Tabriz" in which he dismissed the terminology of Jew, Christian and Muslim as “false distinctions." The poet Rumi was also known as Mowlana.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.B5)(SFEC, 9/20/98, DB p.50)(SFEC, 10/25/98, BR p.6)(WSJ, 9/7/01, p.A14)(SSFC, 10/28/01, p.B7)(SSFC, 4/1/07, p.E3)

1221        Sep, Rambertino di Guido Buvalelli (b.~1170/1180), a Bolognese judge, statesman, diplomat, and poet, died. He was the earliest of the podestà-troubadours of thirteenth-century Lombardy. He served at one time or other as podestà of Brescia, Milan, Parma, Mantua, Genoa, and Verona. Ten of his Occitan poems survive, but none with an accompanying melody. He is usually regarded as the first native Italian troubadour, though Cossezen and Peire de la Caravana may precede him. His reputation has secured a street named in his honor in his birthplace: the Via Buvalelli Rambertino in Bologna.

1241        Sep 23, Snorri Sturluson (b.1179), Icelandic historian, poet, and politician, died. He was the author of the Prose Edda or Younger Edda, which consists of Gylfaginning ("the fooling of Gylfi"), a narrative of Norse mythology, the Skáldskaparmál, a book of poetic language, and the Háttatal, a list of verse forms. He was also the author of the Heimskringla, a history of the Norwegian kings

1265        May 9, Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (Divine Comedy), was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.367)(MC, 5/9/02)

1304        Jul 20, Francisco Petrarch (d.1374), Italian poet and scholar, founder of Renaissance Humanism, was born in Arezzo. He was educated at Avignon and saw himself as a Florentine, Italian, and man of the world. He was a poet and autodidact who never stopped studying until his death.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.131)(HN, 7/20/98)

1321        Sep 13, Dante Alighieri, author (Divine Comedy), died. [See Sep 14]
    (MC, 9/13/01)

1321        Sep 14, Dante Alighieri author of the "Divine Comedy," died of malaria just hours after finishing writing "Paradiso." The poem was completed in Italian rather than Latin just before his death and helped make Italian the dominant linguistic force in European literature for the next several centuries. [see Sep 13]
    (HFA, '96, p.38)(WSJ, 3/26/99, p.W2)(HN, 9/14/00)

1343        Geoffrey Chaucer (d.1400), English author, poet and diplomat, was born about this time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_Chaucer)(WSJ, 9/18/00, p.A36)

1374        Jul 18, Francesco Petrarch (69), Italian poet (Italia Mia), died.
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, p.E3)

1389-1390    Hafez (Khwaja Shams ud-Din Hafiz) (b.1325/26), Persian poet, died about this time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafez)(www.thesongsofhafiz.com/)(SSFC, 10/23/05, p.E3)

1400        Oct 25, Geoffrey Chaucer (b.~1343), author (Canterbury Tales), died in London. In 1965 Charles Muscatine (1920-2010) authored “Chaucer and the French Tradition: A Study in Style and Meaning."
    (AP, 10/25/97)(WSJ, 9/18/00, p.A36)(SFC, 3/16/10, p.C5)

1479        Jorge Manrique (b.1440), Spanish military hero and poet, died.
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_Manrique)

1500        Apr 10, Michael T. Marullus, Greeks poet, drowned.

1529        Jun 21, John Skelton (69), English poet, died.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1533        Jul 6, Ludovico Ariosto (57), Italian poet (Orlando Furioso), died.
    (MC, 7/6/02)

1534        Gratien du Pont, a French poet, published a chessboard with 64 rhyming insults to females, one for each square.
    (Econ, 7/10/04, p.76)

1536        May, English poet Thomas Wyatt was imprisoned in the Tower of London for allegedly committing adultery with Anne Boleyn.

1541        Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542), British poet, authored his “Defence," an attempt to get out of the Tower of London where he faced charges of treason.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.91)

1542        Sep 24, Thomas Wyatt (b.1503), British poet, died. He is credited with introducing the sonnet into English. In 2011 Nicola Shulman authored “Graven With Diamonds: The Many Lives of Thomas Wyatt, Courtier, Poet, Assassin."
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Wyatt_%28poet%29)

1550        Apr 12, Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, was born (d.1604). Some claimed that he was responsible for all the 37 plays, 154 sonnets and 2 long narrative poems that are attributed to William Shakespeare. De Vere was first advanced as the author of Shakespeare’s work in 1918 by English schoolmaster J. Thomas Looney.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.E1)(WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 4/18/09, p.A2)

1557        Richard Tottel edited “Songes and Sonnettes," later referred to as “Tottle’s Miscellany." This came to be regarded as the first important anthology of English verse.
    (WSJ, 11/15/08, p.W10)

1568        Sep 5, Tommasso Campanella, Italian philosopher and poet, who wrote “City of the Sun," was born.
    (HN, 9/5/98)

1580        Jun 10, Luis Camoes (b.1524), Portuguese poet, died. He fought in colonial battles in Morocco and India and lost one eye. He was arrested in a street brawl in Lisbon and left for India. He traveled to Macao and Mozambique after which he published "Os Lusiadas" (The Lusiads, 1572), a poem that glorified Vasco da Gama and the history of Portugal.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lu%C3%ADs_de_Cam%C3%B5es)(SFC, 6/4/99, p.D6)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.M3)

1591        Aug 24, Robert Herrick, English poet (Gather ye rosebuds) was baptized.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1591        Dec 14, San Juan de la Cruz (b.1542), Spanish poet, died. He is remembered for his treatise “Dark Night of the Soul."
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.M3)(www.newadvent.org/cathen/08480a.htm)

1593        Aug 23, Fulvio Testi, Italian poet (Pianto d'Italia), was born.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1608        Dec 9, English blind poet and polemical pamphleteer John Milton (1608-1674) was born in London. His work included "Paradise Lost," Paradise Regained," and "Samson Agonistes."
    (WUD, '94, p.911)(WSJ, 5/6/97, p.A20)(AP, 12/9/97)

1613        Sep 15, Thomas Overbury (b.1581), Elizabethan poet, died in London. He was murdered by his wife, Florence Maybrick, who used an enema of arsenic. The murder was arranged by Frances Howard, Lady Essex, who felt attacked by Overbury’s poem “A Wife."
    (WSJ, 6/24/05, p.W9)(http://search.eb.com/shakespeare/micro/445/8.html)

1616        Apr 23, Miguel de Cervantes (b.1547), Spanish poet and novelist, died in Madrid.
    (AP, 4/23/97)
1616        Apr 23, William Shakespeare (b.1564), poet and playwright, died in Stratford-on-Avon, England. In 2004 Stephen Greenblatt authored “Will In the World." In 2006 Colin McGinn authored “Discovering the Meaning Behind the Plays."
    (AP, 4/23/97)(WSJ, 9/24/04, p.W7)(SSFC, 12/24/06, p.M1)

1621        Jul 8, Jean La Fontaine, poet and author of Fables, was born.
    (HN, 7/8/98)

1627        Luis de Gongora y Argote (b.1561), Spanish poet, died.
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.M3)(www.spanish-books.net/literature/i_gongora.htm)

1631        Mar 31, John Donne (b.1572), British metaphysical poet, died in London. In 2006 John Stubbs authored “Donne: The Reformed Soul."
    (www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/donne/donnebio.htm)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.79)

1631        Aug 9, John Dryden, the 1st official poet laureate of England (1668-1700), was born at Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire.
    (HN, 8/9/02)

1633        Mar 1, George Herbert (b.1593), Welsh-born priest and poet, died. In 2013 John Drury authored “Music at Midnight: The Life and Poetry of George Herbert."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Herbert)(Econ, 8/31/13, p.72)

1635        Aug 27, Lope Felix de Vega (72), playwright, poet (Angelica, Arcadia), died.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1637        Aug 6, Ben Johnson (65), English dramatist and poet, died. In 1960 Jonas Barish wrote "Ben Jonson and the Language of Prose Comedy."
    (AP, 1/4/98)(WUD, 1994, p.771)(SFC, 4/4/98, p.A24)(MC, 8/6/02)

1641        Feb, Sara Copia Sullam (b1592), poet, essayist and resident of the Venetian Jewish ghetto, died. Her literary salon had been open to Jewish and Christian intellectuals.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sara_Copia_Sullam)(Econ, 6/18/16, p.83)

1643         The Icelandic medieval manuscript known as the Codex Regius came into the possession of Brynjólfur Sveinsson, then Bishop of Skálholt. At the time, versions of the Edda were known in Iceland, but scholars speculated that there once was another Edda, an Elder Edda, which contained the pagan poems that  Snorri Sturluson (1179-1241) quotes in his Edda. Poetic Edda is a modern attribution for an unnamed collection of Old Norse anonymous poems.

1644        Poet John Milton published "Areopagitica," an essay in defense of a free press.
    (SFC, 1/21/04, p.D2)

1644-1694    Matsuo Basho, Japanese poet. His work include "The Narrow Road to the Deep North" (Oku no Hosomichi). One of his poems celebrated the entrancing cry of the cicada.
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.C16)(WUD, 1994, p.124)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.C3)(Econ, 7/5/14, p.67)

1646        Aug 28, Fulvio Testi (53), Italian poet (Poesie liriche), died.
    (MC, 8/28/01)

1647        Apr 1, John Wilmot (d.1680) Second Earl of Rochester, poet (A Satyr Upon Mankinde), scandalous pornographer and bawdy playwright, was born. He married Elizabeth Malet, and carried on an affair with the actress Elizabeth Barry. His friend, playwright George Etherege modeled the character Dorimont after him in "Man of Mode." A 1994 play by Stephen Jeffrey titled "The Libertine," is based on Wilmot’s life.
    (WSJ, 3/28/96,p.A-12)(WSJ, 1/14/98, p.A17)

1648        Apr 16, John Luyken, poet, etcher (Duytse Lyre), was born.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1664        Jul 21, Matthew Prior, English poet, was born.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1667        Aug 20, John Milton published Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.
    (HN, 8/20/98)

1678        Aug 16, Andrew Marvell (b.1621), English poet (Definition of Love), died.
    (MC, 8/16/02)

1680        Jul 26, John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, poet, courtier, died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1683        Jul 3, Edward Young, English poet, dramatist and literary critic, was born. His work included "Night Thoughts."
    (HN, 7/3/99)

1687        Apr 16, George Villiers (b.1628), the 2nd Duke of Buckingham, died. The English statesman was a poet, an amateur chemist and one of England’s richest men.
    (Econ, 4/3/10, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Villiers,_2nd_Duke_of_Buckingham)

1695        Apr 13, Jean de la Fontaine (73), French poet (Fables), died.

1695        Apr 17, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (b.~1648), Mexican nun and poet, died of plague.
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sor_Juana)

1700        May 1, John Dryden (b.1631), English poet, playwright (Rival Ladies), died. He had written that repentance was virtue of weak minds and the want of power to sin.
    (MC, 5/1/02)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.70)

1712        The poem “The Rape of the Lock" by English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744) was anonymously published in Lintot’s Miscellany. It was revised, expanded and reissued under Pope’s name in 1714.

1719        Jun 17, Joseph Addison (47), English poet, writer, secretary of state, died.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1730        Makhtum Kuli, one of Turkmenistan’s greatest poets, was born. He died in the 1880s.

1750        Jul 28, Philippe Fabre d'Eglantine, poet, satirist, politician, was born in France.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1759        Jan 25, Robert Burns (d.1796), poet and song writer, who wrote "Auld Lang Syne" and "Comin’ Thru the Rye," was born in Alloway, Scotland. He took traditional Scottish songs and fiddle tunes, and improved upon existing words, or added verses where they had been lost. "Should auld acquaintance be forgot, and never brought to mind, should auld acquaintance be forgot, and auld lang syne. For old lang syne, my dear, for old lang syne, we'll take a cup of kindness yet, for old lang syne."
    (EMN, 1/96, p.4,6)(HN, 1/25/99)(SFC, 12/30/99, p.A13)(MC, 1/25/02)

1759        Aug 24, Ewald C. von Kleist (44), German poet, died.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1761        James Macpherson (1736-1796), Scottish poet, announced the discovery of an epic on the subject of Fingal (related to the Irish mythological character Fionn mac Cumhaill/Finn McCool) written by Ossian (based on Fionn's son Oisín). He then published poems by Ossian, the blind 3rd century poet, which became very popular and later exposed as a fraud.
    (WSJ, 7/26/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Macpherson)

1763        Sep 26, English poet John Byrom (b.1692) died. The words "Tweedle-dum and Tweedle-dee" made their first appearance in print in "one of the most celebrated and most frequently quoted epigrams," satirizing the disagreements between George Frideric Handel and Giovanni Battista Bononcini, written by John Byrom. A nursery rhyme published in 1805 included the characters Tweedledum and Tweedledee as did Lewis Carroll’s “Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There" (1871).  

1765        Bishop Thomas Percy, the first true collector of English ballads, published “Reliques of Ancient English Poetry."
    (Econ, 8/19/17, p.71)

1767        Phillis Wheatley's (d.1784) poetry was published for the first time. She traveled to England in 1773, where her book "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral" was hailed as the first published by an African American. In 1776 the African slave-born poet met with George Washington in Cambridge, just before the British evacuated Boston.
    (HNPD, 2/20/99)(SSFC, 7/25/04, p.F3)

1770        Aug 24, Thomas Chatterton (b.1752), English poet (Revenge), committed suicide.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1771        Jul 30, Thomas Gray (54), English poet, died. His work included "Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard" (1751).
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1772        Oct 21, Samuel Taylor Coleridge (d.1834), English poet and author, was born. His work included "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" (1797) and "Kubla Khan."
    (AP, 9/12/97)(HN, 10/21/00)

1773        Thomas Day, English abolitionist, wrote a poem with his friend John Bicknell called “The Dying Negro."
    (Econ, 2/16/13, p.83)

1774        Aug 12, Robert Southey, English poet laureate (1813-1843) and biographer of Nelson, was born.
    (HN, 8/12/98)(SC, 8/12/02)

1781        Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), English lexicographer, essayist and poet, authored “Lives of the Poets."
    (ON, 11/06, p.9)

1782         Aug 18, Poet and artist William Blake married Catherine Sophia Boucher.
    (HN, 8/18/00)

1784        Dec 13, Samuel Johnson (b.1709), English lexicographer, essayist, poet and moralist best known for "The Dictionary of the English Language," died. "Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel." -- (To which Ambrose Bierce replied, "I beg to submit that it is the first.") Johnson, an antagonist of slavery, left behind an annuity and much of his personal property to his black valet, Francis Barber (b.1735-1801). In 1791 Boswell wrote the celebrated "The Life of Samuel Johnson." In 1955 Walter Jackson Bate (d.1999 at 81) published "The Achievement of Samuel Johnson" and in 1977 the biography "Samuel Johnson." In 2000 Adam Potkay authored "The Passion for Happiness," in which he argued that Samuel Johnson should be included in the Anglo-Scottish Enlightenment along with David Hume, Adam Smith and Edward Gibbon. In 2000 Peter Martin authored "A Life of James Boswell."
    (AP, 10/8/97)(WSJ, 6/7/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 11/29/00, p.A24)(ON, 11/06, p.10)(SSFC, 10/28/07, p.M3)

1786        Robert Burns published his first book of poetry in Kilmarnock.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, Z1 p.3)

1787        Nguyen Khan (b.1734), Annamese official and poet, died in Vietnam.

1792        Aug 4, Percy Bysshe Shelley (d.1822), English poet and author who wrote "Prometheus Unbound," was born in Field Place, England. He married Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, author of "Frankenstein." He wrote the poem "Adonais."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1314)(HN, 8/4/98)

1793        Jul 13, John Clare, English poet, was born. He was discovered in 1819 and spent his last 30 years in an asylum. In 2003 Jonathan Bate authored "John Clare: A Biography."
    (HN, 7/13/01)(Econ, 10/11/03, p.85)

1793        Augustin Ximenez (1726-1817), Marquis of Ximenez, a Frenchman of Spanish origin, wrote a poem with the line “Attaquons dans ses eaux la perfide Albion," which means "Let us attack perfidious Albion in her waters." The poet of perfidy later lectured French soldiers that “Il est beau de perir," which means “it is beautiful to perish."
    (SSFC, 1/14/07, p.M4)(http://tinyurl.com/ye6bd7)

1796        Feb 17, James Macpherson (b.1736), Scottish poet, died. In 1761 he had announced the discovery of an epic on the subject of Fingal written by Ossian (based on Fionn's son Oisín). He then published poems by Ossian, the alleged blind 3rd century poet, which became very popular and later exposed as a fraud.
    (WSJ, 7/26/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Macpherson)

1796        Jul 21, Robert Burns (37), Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), died.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1797        Samuel Taylor Coleridge authored his "Rime of the Ancient Mariner."
    (CW, Winter 04, p.17)

1798        Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth published "Lyrical Ballads."
    (WSJ, 4/15/99, p.A20)

1799        May 26, Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet (d.1837), was born (OC). His bicentennial in Russia was celebrated Jun 6,1999. [see Jun 6]
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(AHD, p.1062)(SFC, 6/3/99, p.C2)
1799        Jun 6, Alexander Pushkin (d.1837), Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature, was born (NC). He was the descendant of an Abyssinian slave of royal blood who was given to Peter the Great as a gift. His works included "Boris Godunov," "Eugene Onegin," and "The Queen of Spades." [see May 26]
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(AHD, p.1062)(SFC, 6/3/99, p.C2)(HN, 6/6/99)(WSJ, 7/15/99, p.A16)

1800-1820    The classic love poem "The Tale of Kieu" was written in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.E7)(www.deanza.edu/faculty/swensson/kieu.html)

1801        Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet, wrote to Sir Humphrey Davy a letter in which he says: "I seem to sink in upon myself in a ruin, like a Column of Sand, informed and animated only by a Whirl-Blast of the Dessert." Coleridge had become addicted to opium in this year.
    (OAPOC-TH, p.71)(WSJ, 4/15/99, p.A20)

1802        Aug 13, Nikolaus Lenau, German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), was born in Hungary.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1804        Samuel Taylor Coleridge (32), poet, fled to Malta and worked as an assistant to the civilian governor. He returned to England in 1806.
    (WSJ, 4/15/99, p.A20)

1805        Walter Scott (1771-1832) of Edinburgh, Scotland, published his first long poem: “The Lay of the Last Minstrel."
    (Econ, 7/31/10, p.67)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Scott)

1809        Aug 6, Alfred Lord Tennyson (d.1892), English poet laureate (1850), was born. His work included: "The Charge of the Light Brigade." "Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers."
    (HN, 8/6/98)(AP, 10/6/00)

1809        Lord Byron (1788-1824) traveled to Spain, Albania and Greece with John Cam Hobhouse and soon met with Ali Pasha.
1809        English poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge published his essay “On the Vulgar Errors Respecting Taxes and Taxation."
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.21)

1813-1843    Robert Southey was the poet laureate of England over this period. He was the author of "The Three Bears."
    (SFEC, 2/15/98, Z1 p.8)

1816         "Stille Nacht" (Silent Night) was originally written as a poem by Austrian priest Joseph Mohr, at a time of great suffering in the wake of Europe's Napoleonic wars. Two years later his friend, the organist, choirmaster and schoolteacher Franz Xaver Gruber, composed the melody. It was first performed at the chapel in Oberndorf village, near Salzburg, on Dec. 24, 1818.
    (AFP, 12/20/18)

1817        Aug 24, Aleksei K. Tolstoy, [Kozjma Prutkov], Russian poet, writer, was born.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1817        Percy Bysshe Shelley (25), English romantic poet, authored his sonnet “Ozymandias." It was first published in 1818.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.125)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ozymandias)

1819        May 31, Poet Walt Whitman (d.1892) was born in West Hill, N.Y. He became America’s national poet with vibrant works such as 1855’s Leaves of Grass. His poems included: "When Lilacs Last in the Doorway Bloomed." Some of Whitman’s poems were inspired by his Civil War experience as a hospital volunteer in Washington. Although a staunch supporter of the Union cause, Whitman comforted dying soldiers of both sides, as described in one of the poet's wartime newspaper dispatches: "I stayed a long time by the bedside of a new patient.... In an adjoining ward I found his brother...It was in the same battle both were hit. One was a strong Unionist, the other Secesh; both fought for their respective sides, both badly wounded, and both brought together after a separation of four years. Each died for his cause."
    (AP, 5/31/97)(HN, 5/31/98)(HNQ, 6/1/98)(V.D.-H.K.p.278)(HNPD, 5/25/99)(HN, 5/31/99)    

1822        Jul 8, Percy Bysshe Shelley (b.1792), English poet, drowned while sailing in Italy at age 29.
    (HN, 7/8/01)

1823        Dec 23, The poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" by Clement C. Moore, often called "Twas the night before Christmas," was published in the Troy, N.Y., Sentinel. Recent scholarship reveals the original to have been written by Major Henry Livingston (1748-1828).
    (AP, 12/23/97)(AH, 4/01, p.12)(AH, 2/05, p.18)

1823        Lord Byron returned to Greece to provide moral support to insurgents and draw attention to Ottoman massacres of Greek civilians.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Byron)(SFC, 9/7/08, Books p.5)

1824        Apr 19, George Gordon, (6th Baron Byron, b.1788) aka Lord Byron, English poet, died of malaria in Greece at Missolonghi on the gulf of Patras preparing to fight for Greek independence. In 1999 Benita Eisler published the biography "Byron: Child of Passion, Fool of Fame." In 2002 Fiona MacCarthy authored "Byron : Life and Legend." In 2009 Edna O’Brien authored “Byron in Love."
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.D3)(WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A16)(HN, 4/1901)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M2)(SSFC, 6/21/09, Books p.J5)

1827        Aug 12, William Blake (b.1757), English visionary engraver and poet, died. “He who kisses the joy as it flies / Lives in eternity’s sunrise." In 2001 G.E. Bentley Jr. authored "The Stranger From Paradise: A Biography of William Blake."
    (SSFC, 5/27/01, DB p.73)(http://tinyurl.com/nd7vhfv)

1828        May 12, Dante Gabriel Rossetti (d.1882), English poet and painter, was born. He helped found the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Gabriel_Rossetti)(WSJ, 7/25/95, p.A-10)

1832        Feb 22, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (b.1749), poet, (Faust, Egmont) died in Weimar, Germany. Goethe had served as minister of mines under Bismarck. He completed "Faust" just before his death: "When Ideas fail, words come in handy." In 1988 Kenneth Weisinger authored "The Classical Facade: A Non-Classical Reading of Goethe's Criticism." In 2006 John Armstrong authored “Love, Life, Goethe: How to Be Happy in an Imperfect World."
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 8/7/03, p.A19)(SFC, 12/14/04, p.B1)(WSJ, 1/13/07, p.P10)

1832        Sep 21, Sir Walter Scott (b.1771), Scottish poet and novelist, died at Abbotsford near Melrose in the Scottish Borders. His novels included "Ivanhoe" and "Rob Roy." Scott was later credited with inventing the genre of historical fiction. In 2010 Stuart Kelley authored “Scott-land: The Man Who Invented a Nation."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Scott)(SSFC, 3/11/07, p.G3)(Econ, 7/31/10, p.67)

1833        Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet, wrote his poem "The Bronze Horseman" (Myedny Vsadnik).
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.T11)(WSJ, 8/5/06, p.P12)

1834        Jul 25, Samuel Taylor Coleridge (b.1772), English poet, died. He and his friend William Wordsworth were among the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and later identified, along with Robert Southey, as the Lake School of poets. Coleridge’s work included "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," "Frost at Midnight" and "Kubla Khan." In his later life he authored the "Bibliographia Literaria," a work of literary theory. In 1999 Richard Holmes published "Coleridge: Darker Reflections, 1804-1834," which focused on the poet's later life. His volume "Coleridge: Early Visions" was published in 1989. In 2007 Adam Sisman authored “The Friendship: Wordsworth & Coleridge."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Coleridge-Taylor)(WSJ, 4/15/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 2/20/07, p.D8)

1836        Seitnazar Seyidi (b.1775) and Kurbandurdy Zelili (b.1780), Turkmenistan poets, died. Both are considered to be successors of Makhtum Kuli.

1837        Tennyson (1809-1892) wrote his poem “Locksley Hall." It included a vision of a tranquil world “lapt in universal law." It was published as part of a collection in 1842. The poem embodied the pain of lost love and looked forward to a time when the nations of the world would abandon war and form a “parliament of man."
    (WSJ, 6/28/06, p.D10)(www.firstscience.com/site/POEMS/tennyson4.asp)

1837        The Mahavamsa ("Great Chronicle"), a historical poem written in the Pali language of the kings of Sri Lanka, was published by George Turnour, an historian and officer of the Ceylon Civil Service. It covers the period from the coming of King Vijaya of Kalinga (ancient Orissa) in 543 BCE to the reign of King Mahasena (334–361).

1841        Jul 27, Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (b.1814), poet, novelist, died.
    (MC, 7/27/02)

1841        Aug, German poet Hoffman von Fallersleben (1798-1874) authored his poem "Das Lied der Deutschen" on the island of Heligoland. Its third stanza became the lyrics for the German national anthem.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.69)

1843        Mar 21, Robert W. Southey (b.1774), British poet laureate and historian, died. In 2006 W. A. Speck authored the biography “Robert Southey."
    (WSJ, 8/12/06, p.P8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Southey)

1844        Jul 28, Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet and Jesuit priest, was born.
    (HN, 7/28/01)

1848        The painter-poet Josef Victor von Scheffel published cynical poems with titles as 'Biedermann's Evening socializing' and 'Bummelmaier's Complaint' in the Viennese satirical magazine 'Fliegende Blätter' (Flying Leaves). These names were combined into the pseudonym 'Gottlieb Biedermaier' by Ludwig Eichrodt, who together with Adolf Kussmaul published poems by the schoolmaster Samuel Friedrich Sauter under this name. The spelling finally changed into 'Biedermeier' in 1869 when Eichrodt published 'Biedermeier's Liederlust'.

1849        Jul 22, Emma Lazarus, American poet, was born of Sephardic Jewish parents in NYC. Her poem, "The New Colossus," is inscribed on the base of the Statue of Liberty.
    (HN, 7/22/98)(SFEC, 4/30/00, BR p.2)

1850        Apr 23, William Wordsworth (b.1770), English poet, died.

1850        Aug 22, Nikolaus Lenau (48) (pseudonym of Nikolaus Franz Niembsch), Hungarian-born poet and writer, died in Austria.
    (MC, 8/22/02)(Internet)

1850        Sep 2, Eugene Field, author, poet and journalist, was born. His work included “Little Boy Blue."
    (HN, 9/2/00)(MC, 9/2/01)

1855        Jul 4, One of America's greatest poets -- Walt Whitman -- published the first edition of his famous "Leaves of Grass", a collection of 12 poems. Whitman published the edition himself and had about 1,000 copies printed. He later recalled about the publication, "I don't think one copy was sold, not a copy." The book was published in Philadelphia after the Boston district attorney cited 22 passages as violating a state law against obscenity.
    (IB, 12/7/98)(SFC, 3/3/99, Z1 p.9)

1855        Nov 26, Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (b.1798) died in Constantinople. He was a poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist. Mickiewicz is regarded as national poet in Poland, Lithuania (Adomas Mickevičius) and Belarus.

1856        Feb 17, Heinrich Heine (b.1797), German journalist and poet, died in Paris. His prose work included a series of travel memoirs that began in 1826 with “The Harz Journey."

1858        Longfellow wrote his poem: The Courtship of Miles Standish."
    (WSJ, 11/24/04, p.A1)

1859        Aug 28, Leigh Hunt (b.1784), English poet and essayist, died. In 2005 Nicholas Roe authored “Fiery Heart: The first Life of Leigh Hunt." Anthony Holden authored “The Wit in the Dungeon: The Life of Leigh Hunt."
    (RTH, 8/28/99)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.80)

1860        Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882), published his poem “Paul Revere’s Ride," (The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Wadsworth_Longfellow)(WSJ, 10/31/00, p.A24)

1861        Mar 10, Taras Shevchenko (b.1814), Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, died in St. Petersburg. He was a member of the Sts. Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood and an academician of the Imperial Academy of Arts. Shevchenko propounded an ethnic nationalism that divided Ukraine from its imperial Russian masters. His poetry helped codify the Ukrainian language.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taras_Shevchenko)(AP, 3/9/14)(Econ, 10/22/16, p.44)

1861        Sir Francis Turner Palgrave (1824-1897) edited “The Golden Treasury," a 4-volume anthology of the best songs and lyrical poems in the English language.
    (WSJ, 1/20/07, p.P11)(WSJ, 11/15/08, p.W10)

1863        Aug 14, Ernest L. Thayer, author of the poem "Casey at the Bat," was born.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1865        Jun 13, William Butler Yeats (d.1939), Irish poet and playwright, was born to an Anglo-Irish family in a Dublin suburb. He is best remembered for his poems "Byzantium" and "Easter 1916." He won the Nobel Prize in 1923. The first volume of his autobiography was "Reveries Over Childhood and Youth" (1915). Richard Ellman published a biography in 1948. The book "W.B. Yeats: A Life, Vol. 1: The Apprentice Mage 1865-1914," by R.F. Foster covered this period of Yeats’ life. "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" is his best known poem. "Too long a sacrifice / Can make a stone of the heart. / O when may it suffice?"
    (V.D.-H.K.p.365)(WSJ, 4/2397, p.A1)(AP, 4/29/98)(HN, 6/13/98)(SFEC, 8/8/99, p.T6)(MC, 6/13/02)

1865        Bret Harte edited the 1st collection of California poetry from newspaper clippings of poems compiled by Mary Tingley of San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.M1)

1865-1914    The book "W.B. Yeats: A Life, Vol. 1: The Apprentice Mage," by R.F. Foster covered this period of Yeats’ life. "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" is his best known poem.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, BR p.6)

1865-1939    William Butler Yeats, Irish poet and playwright. The first volume of his autobiography was "Reveries Over Childhood and Youth" (1915). Richard Ellman published a biography in 1948. "Too long a sacrifice / Can make a stone of the heart. / O when may it suffice?"
    (V.D.-H.K.p.365)(WSJ, 4/2397, p.A1)(AP, 4/29/98)

1867        Aug 31, [Pierre-]Charles Baudelaire (46), French poet (Journaux Intimes), died.
    (MC, 8/31/01)

1887        Sep 7, Dame Edith Sitwell (d.1964), English poet, was born.

1868        Aug 23, Edgar Lee Masters (d.1950), poet, novelist, was born in Garnett, Kansas.

1869        Jul 8, William Vaughan Moody, poet and playwright (The Great Divide), was born.
    (HN, 7/8/01)

1871        Jul 3, William Henry Davies, Welsh poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/3/01)

1873         Jan 7, Charles Peguy (d.1914), French poet and writer, was born.

1873        May 2, Jurgis Baltrušaitis (d.1944), Lithuanian Symbolist poet and translator, was born.

1873        Jul 10, French poet Paul Verlaine (1844-1896) wounded Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) with a pistol.

1874        Mar 26, Robert Frost, poet (d.1963), was born in San Francisco. In a biography of Frost by Jeffrey Myers: “Robert Frost: A Biography," the author claims that Frost moved his birthday up a year (to 1875) to make himself legitimate. A 3-volume biography by Lawrence Thompson was completed in 1976. Myers reveals that Frost’s lover, Kay Morrison, was also involved with Lawrence Thompson, but that that would not be disclosed in the Thompson biography. "Before I built a wall I'd ask to know What I was walling in or walling out."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Frost)(AP, 3/26/97)(AP, 11/9/98)

1876        Jun 10, Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) embarked for the Dutch East Indies, or modern-day Indonesia. He arrived on July 22 and on August 15 he deserted, leaving his possessions to be sold for the benefit of the local orphanage. He reappeared only on December 31, 1876, when he returned to his mother in Charleville-Mezieres in northern France. Rimbaud, who wrote the anti-militarist "The Sleeper in the Valley," had embarked on the journey after signing up for six years in the Dutch colonial army. In 2011 American writer Jamie James authored "Rimbaud in Java: The Lost Voyage."
    (AP, 1/28/12)

1876        William Morris (1834-1896), English textile designer, published his epic poem about Sigurd the Volsung.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Morris)(Econ, 3/4/17, p.68)

1878        Jan 8, [NS date] Russian poet Nikolay Nekrasov (b.1821) died. He is credited with introducing into Russian poetry ternary meters and the technique of dramatic monologue.

1882        Mar 24, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (b.1807), US poet (Song of Hiawatha), died. He is the sole American honored with a bust in the Poet’s Corner of Westminster Abbey. In 2000 J.D. McClatchy edited "Longfellow: Poems and Other Writings."
    (WSJ, 10/31/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Wadsworth_Longfellow)

1885        Oct 30, Ezra Pound (d.1972), poet and critic, was born in Hailey, Idaho. He wrote “The Cantos." Pound met William Carlos Williams at the Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1907 and they remained friends and wrote many letters. “Pound-Williams: Selected Correspondence" was ed. by Hugh Witemeyer in 1996. Ezra Pound spent 3 winters with W.B. Yeats (1913-1916) as the poet’s artistic prod and secretary. During World War II, Pound was arrested for broadcasting fascist propaganda to the United States from Rome. He stood trial for this crime and was judged to be insane. He was incarcerated at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington from 1946 until his release in 1958. “Literature is news that stays news."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezra_Pound)(SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.6)(AP, 8/25/98)(HN, 10/30/98)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.10)

1886        May 15, Poet Emily Dickinson (b.1830) died in Amherst, Mass., where she had lived in seclusion for the previous 24 years. In 2001 Alfred Habegger authored her biography: "My Wars Are laid Away in Books." In 2008 Brenda Wineapple authored “White Heat: The Friendship of Emily Dickinson & Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823-1911). In 2010 Lyndall Gordon authored “Lives Like Loaded Guns: Emily Dickinson and her Family Feuds," in which he presents evidence that Dickinson suffered from congenital epilepsy.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(HN, 5/15/01)(WSJ, 11/2/01, p.W11)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.96)

1886        “Illuminations," the final work of Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891), was published in France. By this time he had given up on poetry to become a trader in Africa.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.98)

1887        Aug 3, Rupert Brooke (d.1915), English poet who mainly wrote about World War I, was born: "Cities, like cats, will reveal themselves at night."
    (AP, 2/20/98)(HN, 8/3/98)

1878        Jun 12, William Cullen Bryant (b.1794), American poet and journalist, died. He wrote the bulk of his poem “Thanatopsis" while still a teenager in Massachusetts. In 2008 Gilbert H. Muller authored “William Cullen Bryant: Author of America."
    (WSJ, 6/20/08, p.W3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cullen_Bryant)

1887        Mar 31, John Godfrey Saxe (b.1816), American poet, died. In 1969 he was quoted saying: “Laws, like sausages, cease to inspire respect in proportion as we know how they are made." His poems included “The Blind Men and the Elephant" (1862).

1887        Nov 19, Emma Lazarus (38), US poet ("Give us your tired & poor"), died in NYC.

1888        Jan 29, Edward Lear (b.1812), English artist, illustrator, musician, author and poet, died in Italy. He is known mostly for his literary nonsense in poetry and prose and especially his limericks.

1889        Jun 8, Gerard Manley Hopkins (54), poet, died.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1889        Jun 15, Mihai Eminescu, born in 1850 as Mihail Eminovici, died in Bucharest. He was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, and often regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet.

1889        Dec, The poem Clancy of the Overflow by Banjo Paterson 1st appeared in the Christmas edition of Australia’s Bulletin magazine.
    (NG, 8/04, p.10)

1891        Nov 10, J.N. Arthur Rimbaud (b.1854), French poet and arms merchant (Saison en Enfer), died in Marseille after doctors amputated his leg. In 1961 Enid Starkie authored a biography. In 2000 Graham Robb authored "Rimbaud." Rimbaud stopped writing poetry at age 21 and ended his last years in Africa as an arms dealer. In 2008 Edmund White authored “Rimbaud: The Double Life of a Rebel."
    (WUD, 1994 p.1234)(HN, 10/20/00)(SFC, 2/12/02, p.D3)(Econ, 10/11/08, p.115)

1893        Aug 22, Dorothy Parker (d.1967), poet, satirist, screenwriter and founding member of the Algonquin Round Table, was born in West Bend, N.J. "Authors and actors and artists and such / Never know nothing, and never know much."
    (AP, 8/22/97)(HN, 8/22/02)

1893        Jul 19, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/19/01)

1894        Jul 18, Charles Marie Leconte de Lisle (born 1818), French poet, died.
    (MC, 7/18/02)(WUD, 1994, p.817)

1894        French poet Pierre Louys (1870-1925) authored “The Songs of Bilitis" (1894) a book of lesbian love poetry.

1895        Jul 24, Robert Graves (d.1985), British poet and novelist (Goodbye to All That, I Claudius), was born. "There's no money in poetry, but then there's no poetry in money either."
    (AP, 4/8/99)(HN, 7/24/02)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.71)

1895        Banjo Paterson wrote his poem Waltzing Matilda while on holiday in Queensland. The name referred to a slang term for drifting around the outback with a bedroll (your matilda) slung over the shoulder. Christina Macpherson adopted the poem to the Scottish tune “Thou Bonnie Wood o’ Craigielea."
    (NG, 8/04, p.24)

1896        English poet A.E. Housman (1859-1936) published "A Shropshire Lad," a collection of 63 poems. He paid £30 towards the publication. By 1918 16,000 copies a year were being sold in England and America. The 1997 play "The Invention of Love," by Tom Stoppard was based on Housman’s life. In 2016 Peter Parker authored “Housman Country: Into the Heart of England."
    (SFC, 7/7/96, Par, p.10)(WSJ, 10/27/97, p.A20)(Econ, 7/9/16, p.72)
1896        Irish poet W.B. Yeats met Irish playwright John Millington Synge in Paris and suggested Synge go and live on the Aran Islands. Synge took his advice and spent years there developing a whole new language for his plays. Synge also spent time on Great Blasket. In 2012 Robert Kanigel authored “On an Irish Island."
    (SSFC, 3/11/12, p.F5)
1896        Amado Nervo (1870-1919), Mexican poet, journalist and educator. published "The Elysian Fields of Tabasco." Here he noted how families in Tabasco used classical names for newborns rather than saints' names.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amado_Nervo)(Econ., 10/3/20, p.28)

1898        Jul 22, Stephen Vincent Benet, poet and short-story writer, author of John Brown's Body, was born.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1898        Aug 24, Malcolm Cowley, poet and translator, literary critic and social historian was born. He wrote "The Dream of the Golden Mountains."
    (HN, 8/24/98)

1899        Jul 21, Poet Hart Crane was born in Garrettsville, Ohio.
    (AP, 7/21/99)

1899        Aug 24, Jorge Luis Borges (d.1986), Argentine poet and philosophical essayist, was born in Buenos Aires.
    (WUD, 1994, p.171)(WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A26)(AP, 8/24/99)

1899        Rudyard Kipling authored his poem “The White Man’s Burden."
    (SSFC, 5/8/05, p.B1)

1902        Feb 1, Langston Hughes, African-American poet, was born in Joplin, Mo. His books included “Way Down South."
    (HN, 2/1/99)(SSFC, 7/25/04, p.F3)

1902        Sep 29, William McGonagall (b~1825), poet, died in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was mocked by literary critics and had food thrown at him during public readings. He died penniless and was buried in an unmarked grave. Critics later awarded him the "world's worst" label because of the crashing lack of subtlety in terms of rhyme, imagery, vocabulary or repetition. His most famous poem is about the Tay Bridge disaster of 1879, in which 75 people died. In 2008 35 broadsheets of his original poems were auctioned for $13,200.
    (AFP, 5/16/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_McGonagall)(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.A1)

1904        Jul 12, Pablo Neruda (d.1973), Chilean poet and political activist (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), was born as Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto in Parral, Chile.
    (HN, 7/12/01)(SFC, 7/15/04, p.E11)

1904         Irish poet William Butler Yeats included the poem “Adam’s curse" in the volume “In the Seven Woods." In the poem Yeats describes the difficulty of creating something beautiful. The title alludes to the book of Genesis, evoking the fall of man and the separation of work and pleasure.

1905        Jul 29, Stanley Kunitz, poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)

1906        Feb 9, Poet Paul Laurence Dunbar (33), son of former slaves, died of TB in his hometown of Dayton, Ohio.
    (AH, 2/06, p.15)

1906        Aug 28, John Betjeman (d.1984), poet laureate of England (1972-1984), was born.

1907        Sep, The Cosmopolitan magazine published the epic poem “A Wine of Wizardry" by George Sterling (1869-1926). The poem and accompanying essay by Ambrose Bierce sparked critical reaction across the continent. Sterling, Jack London’s best friend, was the scion of a Long Island whaling family and worked in an East Bay real estate firm.
    (SSFC, 12/23/07, p.M4)

1907        Nov 28, Stanislaw Wyspianski (b.1869), Polish playwright, painter and poet, died in Krakow. He created a series of symbolic, national dramas within the artistic philosophy of the Young Poland Movement.

1908        May 25, Theodore Roethke (d.1963), American poet, was born in Saginaw, Mich.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(MT, Summer 01, p.3)

1909        Feb 20, F.T. Marinetti (1876-1944), Italian poet, published the 1st Futurist Manifesto in the Paris newspaper Le Figaro. It included statements such as “We want to glorify war - the only cure for the world… and contempt for women" and We intend to sing the love of danger, the habit of energy and fearlessness."
    (www.unknown.nu/futurism/)(SFEC, 1/3/99, DB p.27)(WSJ, 10/23/08, p.A15)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.71)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.72)

1909        Mar 6, Stanislaw J. Lec (d.1906), Polish poet, author and satirist: "THINK before you think!"
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanis%C5%82aw_Jerzy_Lec)(AP, 8/28/98)

1911         Jun 30, Czeslaw Milosz (d.2004), Polish poet and critic and Nobel winner, was born in Lithuania. In 2001 his Polish "Milosz’s ABC’s" was published in English.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.C1)(HN, 6/30/01)

1912        Max Beerbohm (1872-1956), English essayist, published “A Christmas Garland," a collection of 17 poetic parodies with a Christmas theme.

1912        Harriet Monroe, former Chicago Tribune art critic, founded the monthly Poetry Magazine. In 2002 Ruth Lilly (87), great-grandchild of Eli Lilly, gave the magazine a $100 million endowment.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A3)

1913        Feb 13, Joaquin Miller (b.1837), known as the "poet of the Sierras," died in Oakland, Ca. Miller had sponsored California’s 1st Arbor Day. His work included "Utopia" (1880) and “Life amongst the Modocs: unwritten history" (1873), an autobiographical novel first published in London. Miller was born as Cincinnatus Hiner Miller near Liberty, Indiana. His secret "California Diary" was unearthed 25 years after his death. In 1919 Oakland purchased his property and in 1928 turned it into a park combined with adjacent undeveloped tracts.
    (http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007936641)(SFEM, 4/2/00, p.48)(SSFC, 1/14/07, p.B3)(SSFC, 6/16/13, DB p.17)

1914         Sep 5, Charles Peguy (d.1914), French poet and writer, died. "It is impossible to write ancient history because we lack source materials, and impossible to write modern history because we have far too many."
    (AP, 7/28/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_P%C3%A9guy)

1915        Jun 30, Ina Coolbrith (1841-1928), born as Josephine Donna Smith, became California’s first poet laureate.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ina_Coolbrith)(SSFC, 6/28/15, DB p.50)

1915        Hans Leip, in training for the Prussian Guard, authored the poem “Song of a Young Sentry." It reflected his recent meetings with two women named Lili and Marlene. In 1938 Norbert Schultze of Berlin put it to music. The composition was then recorded by cabaret chanteuse Lale Anderson and became hugely as the song “Lili Marlene." In 2008 Liel Leibovitz and Matthew Miller authored “Lili Marlene: The Soldier’s Song of World War II."
    (WSJ, 11/8/08, p.W8)

1915-1939    The book "W.B. Yeats: A Life, Vol. 2: The Arch Poet," by R.F. Foster covered this period of Yeats’ life.
    (WSJ, 11/13/03, p.D8)

1916        Feb 6, Ruben Dario (b.1867), Nicaraguan poet, died. Dario, one of Nicaragua's best-known poets, is considered the father of the Modernismo movement.

1916        Jul 4, Poet Alan Seeger died in action at Befloy-en-Santerre. He had enlisted into the French Foreign Legion at the outset of WW I. He wrote the lines: I have a rendezvous with death / At some disputed barricade..."
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.2)

1917        Apr 9, Edward Thomas (b.1878), British writer and poet, was killed in action during the Battle of Arras. His travel books included “The Icknield Way." In 2012 Matthew Hollis authored “Now All Roads Lead to France: The Last Years of Edward Thomas."
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Thomas_%28poet%29)

1917        TS Eliot (1888-1965) authored his poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock."

1917        Harriet Monroe and Alice Corbin Henderson edited “The New Poetry," an anthology of contemporary poets.
    (WSJ, 11/15/08, p.W10)

1918        Jan 28, Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae (b.1872), Canadian MD and author of the poem Flanders Field (1915), died.

1918        Apr 1, Isaac Rosenberg (b.1890), British WWI war poet, died near Arras, France, during Ludendorff’s big spring offensive. In 2008 Jean Moorcroft Wilson authored “Isaac Rosenberg: The Making of a Great War Poet."
    (WSJ, 4/3/09, p.W6)

1918        Jul 30, Poet Joyce Kilmer (b.1886), a sergeant in the 165th U.S. Infantry Regiment, was killed during the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I. Kilmer is perhaps best remembered for his poem "Trees."
    (AP, 7/30/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joyce_Kilmer)

1920        Aug 16, Charles Bukowski, poet and novelist, was born.
    (HN, 8/16/00)

1921        Ezra Pound edited “The Waste Land" by T.S. Eliot.
    (Econ, 12/4/04, p.85)

1922        Jul 17, Donald Davie, English poet and literary critic, was born.
    (HN, 7/17/01)

1922        Feb, Ernest Hemingway met poet Ezra Pound in a Paris bookstore. Pound was one of the founders of a school of poetry called Imagism.
    (ON, 7/05, p.9)

1922        Henry Lawson (b.1867), Australian poet, died.
    (NG, 8/04, p.1)

1923        Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950) became the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize in poetry.
    (AP, 12/26/21)

1924        May 12, Russian-American poet Alexander Esenin-Volpin was born in Leningrad. A notable dissident, political prisoner and a leader of the Soviet human rights movement, he spent total of fourteen years incarcerated and repressed by the Soviet authorities in prisons, psikhushkas and exile.

1925        Jul 17, Laszlo Nagy, Hungarian poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/17/01)

1926        Nov 17, George Sterling (d.1926), California poet and critic, committed suicide by swallowed cyanide in the locker room of the Bohemian Club on Taylor Street in SF. His wife had committed suicide by poison in 1918.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Sterling)(SFC, 11/16/01, WB p.G4)

1926        California poet Lew Welch was born.
    (SFC, 12/9/03, p.D1)

1927        Jul 28, John Ashbery, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (Self-Portrait in a Convict's Mirror), was born.
    (HN, 7/28/01)

1928        Apr 4, Maya Angelou (d.2014), American poet, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/98)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.98)

1928        Philip Levine, poet, was born in Detroit, Mich. He spent a good portion of his life teaching poetry in Fresno, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/19/04, p.E1)

1929        Jul 15, Hugo Von Hofmannsthal, playwright, poet, died.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1930        Mar 26, Gregory Corso, beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man), was born. He discovered literature in prison.
    (HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)

1930        Aug 16, Ted Hughes, English poet laureate, was born.
    (HN, 8/16/00)

1931        Nov 19, Xu Zhimo (34), Chinese poet, was killed in a plane crash while flying from Nanjing to Beijing. He left behind four collections of verse and several volumes of translations from various languages. His poem “On Leaving Cambridge" made famous a willow tree on the ground’s of King’s College.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xu_Zhimo)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.114)

1932        Apr 27, American poet Hart Crane (b.1899) drowned after jumping from a steamer while en route to New York. In 1967 R.W.B. Lewis (d. 2002) authored  "The Poetry of Hart Crane."
    (AP, 4/27/97)(SFC, 6/17/02, p.B5)

1933        Apr 29, Constantine Cavafy (b.1863), Greek poet, died in Alexandria, Egypt. The 1996 Greek film "Cavafy" was a profile of the Greek homosexual poet, and a winner of Greece’s National Film Award for best feature of the year. Cavafy spent 30 years working as a clerk in the Ministry of Irrigation. In 2006 “The Collected Poems of C.P. Cavafy," translated by Aliki Barstone, was published.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.E4)(SSFC, 6/24/01, DB p.64)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/kafavis.htm)

1933        Jul 18, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet, was born in Zima, Russia.
    (HN, 7/18/01)(MC, 7/18/02)

1934        Apr 11, Mark Strand (b.1934), Canadian poet, was born. He became the fourth national poet laureate in 1990, and received dozens of angry letters when he announced that he would not write any poems for national public figures, even if the president's dog died. "Poetry is about slowing down. You sit and you read something, you read it again, and it reveals a little bit more, and things come to light you never could have predicted."

1934        Sep 9, Sonia Sanchez, poet, was born in Birmingham, Alabama.
    (HN, 9/9/00)

1935        Apr 6, Edwin Arlington Robinson (b.1869), US poet, died. In 2006 Scott Donaldson authored “Edwin Arlington Robinson: A Poet’s Life."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Arlington_Robinson)(WSJ, 1/27/07, p.P9)

1935        Sep 10, Mary Oliver, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born in maple Heights, Ohio.
    (HN, 9/10/00)

1935        Nov 30, Fernando Pessoa (b.1888), Portuguese poet, died.
    (Econ, 10/04/08, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Pessoa)

1936        Jun 14, G.K. Chesterton (b.1874), English poet-essayist, died at his home in Beaconsfield, England. His poems included “The Secret People" (1915). As president of the Distributist League, he promoted the idea that private property should be divided into smallest possible freeholds and then distributed throughout society.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.51)(www.online-literature.com/chesterton/)

1936        Aug 16, Spanish poet Garcia Lorca was arrested in Granada. He disappeared shortly thereafter. The 1997 film "The Disappearance of Garcia Lorca" was an attempt to depict the circumstances of his disappearance. Lorca was the author of "Gypsy Ballads," "Blood Wedding" and "The Poet." Spanish poet Fredico Garcia Lorca was shot by Franco's troops after being forced to dig his own grave.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.12B)(HN, 8/19/98)(MT, Spg. ‘99, p.2)

1936        A poetry movement called “the Activists" began in the SF Bay Area. It was led by Lawrence Hart (1900-1996). The movement faded with the rise of the Beat Poets in the 1950s.
    (SSFC, 9/4/05, p.F3)

1938        Mar 1, Gabriele d’Annunzio, Italian poet, writer and political leader, died. In 2013 Lucy Hughes-Hallett authored “The Pike: Gabriele d’Annunzio: Poet Seducer and Preacher of War."

1938        Dec 27, Osip Mandelstam (b.1891), Russian poet born in Poland to Jewish parents, died while in transit to a labor camp. In 1998 Emma Gerstein authored “Moscow Memoirs: Memories of Anna Akhmatova, Osip Mandelstam and Literary Russia Under Stalin." An English translation by John Crowfoot became available in 2004.
    (SSFC, 9/11/04, p.M3)(www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk)

1938        Cesar Vallejo (b.1892), Peruvian poet, died. His 1918 book "The Black Heralds" was translated into English in 2003 by Rebecca Seiferle.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.M4)

1939        Jul 27, Michael Longley, Irish poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/27/01)

1939        W.H. Auden (1907-1973), Anglo-American poet, authored his poem “Epitaph on a Tyrant."
    (Econ, 9/4/10, p.91)

1940        Sep 26, W.H. Davies (b.1871), a Welsh poet, died in England. He had lived the life of a hobo in America and authored “Autobiography of a Supertramp" (1908).
    (Econ, 8/31/13, p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._H._Davies)

1940        Mark Van Doren (1894-1972), the brother of Carl Van Doren and father of Charles Van Doren, won a Pulitzer Prize for poetry for his "Collected Poems 1922–1938".
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Van_Doren)(SFC, 4/12/19, p.C5)

1941        Feb 5, Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson (b.1864), Australian poet and journalist, died. He is best known for his song “Waltzing Matilda."
    (www.whatsthenumber.com/oz/voice/writers/paterson0.htm)(NG, 8/04, p.29)

1941        Aug 31, Marina Tsvetaeva (b.1892), a Russian  and Soviet poet and writer, died. She wrote six plays in verse and narrative poems, including The Tsar Maiden (1920), and her epic about the Civil War, The Swans' Encampment, which glorified those who fought against the communists.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.103)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marina_Tsvetaeva)

1944        Jan 3, Jurgis Baltrušaitis (b.1873), Lithuanian Symbolist poet and translator, died in Paris. He wrote his works in Lithuanian and Russian. In addition to his important contributions to Lithuanian literature, he was noted as a political activist and diplomat. Baltrušaitis was appointed Lithuania's ambassador to Russia in 1920 and held this position until 1939.

1944        May 17, Polish poet Felix Konarski (1907-1991) wrote the song “Red Poppies on Monte Cassino" on the night before the Allied attack that crushed the German defense at Monte Cassino. Alfred Schutz (d.1999) composed the music.
    (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trv_4epO6vw)(SFC, 9/23/15, p.A2)

1944        Jun, Frank Thompson (23), British soldier and poet, was captured and executed in Bulgaria. In 2012 Peter Conradi authored “A Very English Hero: The Making of Frank Thompson."
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.82)

1944        Nov 7, Hannah Szenes (b.1921, Jewish poet, was executed by the Nazis in Budapest. She was one of 37 Jewish SOE recruits from Mandate Palestine parachuted by the British into Yugoslavia during the Second World War to assist anti-Nazi forces and ultimately in the rescue of Hungarian Jews about to be deported to the German death camp at Auschwitz.

1944        Violet Kazue de Cristoforo (1917-2007), California poet, authored “Poetic Reflections of the Tule Lake Internment Camp." She was interned from 1942-1946.
    (SFC, 10/9/07, p.B5)

1944        Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac met on the campus of Columbia Univ. in NYC. In 2010 Bill Morgan and David Stanford published the edited letters of Ginsberg and Kerouac. Bill Morgan authored “The Typewriter Is Holy: The Complete, Uncensored History of the Beat Generation."
    (SSFC, 7/18/10, p.F12)

1945        Jul 20, Paul Valery (b.1871), French poet (Le cimetiere Marin, Mon Faust), died at age 73. He was buried in his home town of Sete.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T10)(MC, 7/20/02)

1945        Adam Zagajewski, poet, was born in Poland. In 1988 he began teaching at the Univ. of Houston as well as in Krakow. His books included “A Defense of Ardor," a collection of essays translated to English in 2004.
    (SSFC, 11/28/04, p.E2)

1946        Jul 27, Gertrude Stein (72), US-French author, poet (Ida, Tender Buttons), died in France. Her work included the murder mystery "Blood on the Dining-Room Floor" and “The Biography of Alice B. Toklas" (1933). She once said of Oakland, Ca.: "There is no there there." Painter Francis Rose carved the headstone on her grave at the Pere Lachaise cemetery. A biography of Stein by Linda Wagner-Martin was published in 1996 titled "Favored Strangers." In 2007 Janet Malcolm authored “Two Lives: Gertrude and Alice."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_Stein)(SFC, 6/9/96, Z1 p.5)(WSJ, 10/5/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 9/25/07, p.D6)

1947        Paula von Preradovic, Austrian poet, wrote a new Austrian anthem after the old one was pinched by the Germans.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, SR p.3)

1948        Jun 4, Hugh Kenner (d.2003 at 80) met for the 1st time with Ezra Pound in a Washington-area mental facility. Pound became his mentor and directed him in a number of literary efforts. In 1951 Kenner turned his thesis into the book: "The Poetry of Ezra Pound." In 1971 Kenner authored "The Pound Era."
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A31)

1949        Zang Kejia (d.2004 at 99), poet, edited the "Selected Poems of Chairman Mao."
    (SFC, 2/7/04, p.A20)

1950        Feb 20, Dylan Thomas arrived in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour.

1950        Oct 19, Edna St. Vincent Millay, American lyrical poet and playwright, died in Austerlitz, New York.

1952        Aug 28, Rita Dove, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 8/28/00)

1953        Nov 9, Welsh author-poet Dylan Thomas died in New York at age 39 during his poetry-reading blitz of the US. In 1955 John Malcolm Brinnin (d.1998 at 81), the man who brought Thomas to America, published "Dylan Thomas in America."
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.T5)(AP, 11/9/97)(SFC, 6/29/98, p.A19)

1953        Czeslaw Milosz, émigré Polish poet, published “The Captive Mind," in which he unpicked the mangling effects of communist thought.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.76)

1954        San Francisco State Prof. Ruth Witt-Diamant founded a Poetry Center at SF State.
    (SFC, 2/19/04, p.E1)

1954        Strickland Gillilan (b.1869), American poet, died. His poems included "The Reading Mother." "...Richer than I your can never be / I had a mother who read to me."
    (SSFC, 4/25/04, p.M6)

1955        Aug 2, American poet Wallace Stevens (b.1879) died. Some of his best-known poems include "Anecdote of the Jar," "Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock," "The Emperor of Ice-Cream," "The Idea of Order at Key West," "Sunday Morning," "The Snow Man," and "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird." In 2016 Paul Mariani authored “The whole Harmonium: The Life of Wallace Stevens."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallace_Stevens)(Econ, 4/9/15, p.83)

1955        Oct 7, Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997) his 3,600-word "Howl" at the Six Gallery at 3119 Fillmore. Kenneth Rexroth was the host. Jack Kerouac and Lawrence Ferlinghetti were in the audience. Other readers included Philip Lamantia, Philip Whalen, Michael McClure and Gary Snyder. The Gallery was run as a co-op by poet Robert Duncan, his lover Jess (Burgess Collins) and another artist. In 2004 Jonah Raskin authored "American Scream: Allen Ginsberg's "Howl" and the Making of the Beat Generation." In 2006 Jason Shinder edited “The Poem That Changed America."
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.D7)(SFC, 10/28/00, p.D1)(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.M2)(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.M3)

1956        Sep 21, Anastasio Somoza Garcia (b.1896), Nicaraguan dictator, was shot by poet Rigoberto Lopez Perez. He died on Sep 29 after being sent to a Panama Canal Zone hospital.

1956        Lawrence Ferlinghetti published a 1st edition of "Howl" by Allen Ginsberg. The 1st 1000 copies were printed in Europe and passed Customs without incident.

1957        Mar 25, US Police and customs agents seized copies of “Howl" by Allen Ginsberg. In May Ferlinghetti was arrested along with City Lights manager Shigeyoshi Murao (d.1999) on obscenity charges. The defending attorneys were J.W. Ehrlich and Albert Bendich (1929-2015). By the Fall Judge Clayton Horn found the poem of "redeeming social importance." Shig later managed City Lights and authored the occasional "Shig's Review." In 2006 Bill Morgan and Nancy J. Peters edited “Howl On Trial: The Battle for Free Expression."
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, BR p.10)(www.citylights.com/His/CLhowlhist.html)(SSFC, 11/5/06, p.M3)(SFC, 1/14/15, p.D3)

1957        Ted Hughes (1930-1998), British poet, published his first book of poetry "Hawk in the Rain." It re-defined the shape of post-war English poetry.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A17)(Econ, 11/8/03, p.83)

1958        Jun 28, Alfred Noyes (77), British poet, essayist (Robin Hood, The  Highwayman), died.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1958        In China Ai Qing (1910-1996), a poet, was denounced as a rightist and spent the next 18 years in hard labor in the Xinjiang region. His son Ai Weiwei (b.1957), later became renowned as an artist and political activist.     
    (Econ, 5/5/12, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ai_Qing)

1960        Jan, The San Francisco Examiner (a Hearst newspaper) offered Kenneth Rexroth (1905-1982) a job writing a weekly column. He accepted and by May 1961 the column had proved popular enough that he was asked to do two and sometimes even three per week. Rexroth wrote some 700 columns for the Examiner until June 1967, when he was fired after writing a particularly scathing article about the American police.

1960        Alexis Saint-Leger (1887-1975), Guadeloupe-born French poet and diplomat, won the Nobel Prize for literature. He wrote under the pseudonym Saint John Perse.

1961        Sep, Yevgeny Yevtushenko (b.1933), Russian poet, published his poem “Babi Yar" at the height of the Khrushchev thaw. It recalled the 1941 massacre of over 33,000 Jews at ravine in Kiev, Ukraine.

1962        Sep 3, e[dward] e cummings (ee cummings), US poet (Tulips & Chimneys), died at 67.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1962        Alan Dugan (1923-2003) won the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award for his book "Poems." At the time Dugan worked in a factory where he made plastic vaginas used to demonstrate diaphragm insertion.
    (SSFC, 9/7/03, p.A29)

1963        Jan 29, Poet Robert Frost (b.1874) died in Boston at age 88. In 1999 Jay Parini published "Robert Frost: A Life." Lawrance Thompson authored a 3-volume biography (1966-1976).
    (AP, 1/29/98)(SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.3)

1963        Feb 11, Sylvia Plath (30), American writer, committed suicide by gas in London after Ted Hughes left her for another woman. Her autobiographical novel "The Bell Jar" was published this year. She had been married to English poet Ted Hughes (d.1998), who in 1998 published a 198 page book of verse "Birthday Letters" based on their relationship. The woman for whom Hughes left Plath committed suicide 5 years later. Plath’s 1981 "Collected Poems" won a Pulitzer Prize. The Plath book of poems "Ariel" was published after her death. In 2000 her uncensored diaries: "The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath," were edited by Karen V. Kukil. Carl Rollyson authored “American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath" (2013). Andrew Wilson authored “Mad Girl’s Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted" (2013).
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.C5)(SFEC, 3/26/00, p.A25)(SFEC, 11/12/00, BR p.1)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.F5)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.84)

1963        Mar 4, William Carlos Williams (b.1883), American physician and poet, died in Rutherford, NJ. In 2011 Herbert Leibowitz authored “Something Urgent I Have to Say to You": The Life and Works of William Carlos Williams.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Carlos_Williams)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.68)

1963        Sep 3, Louis MacNeice (b.1907), northern Irish poet, died. His name was often subsumed under the collective name of Macspaunday, which referred to the generation of politically-committed 1930s poets: MacNeice, Stephen Spender, W.H. Auden and C. Day-Lewis. MacNeice’s collected poems were published in 2007.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_MacNeice)

1963        Giorgos Seferis (1900-1971), Turkish-born Greek poet, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Seferis was the pen name of Georgios Seferiades
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgos_Seferis)

1963        Nazim Hikmet (b.1902), Salonika-born Turkish poet, died in Moscow.

1964        Dec 9, Dame Edith Sitwell (d.1964), English poet, died. "Good taste is the worst vice ever invented." A book of her collected poems was published in 2006. In 2011 Richard Greene authored “Edith Sitwell: Avant Garde Poet, English Genius."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Sitwell)(WSJ, 7/22/06, p.P10)(Econ, 2/19/11, p.94)

1964        George Hitchcock (1914-2010), poet and playwright, founded the Kayak poetry magazine in San Francisco. He continued publishing it until 1984 after 64 issues.
    (SSFC, 9/5/10, p.C9)

1965        Jan 4, T.S. Eliot, English poet, died in London at age 76. In 1995 Anthony Julius published "T.S. Eliot, Anti-Semitism and Literary Form." Julius was the lawyer who won a divorce settlement of $23 million for Princess Diana in 1996. "Little Gidding" is an Eliot work. In 2015 Robert Crawford authored “Young Eliot: From St. Louis to The Waste Land."
    (SFC, 7/17/96, p.E6)(NH, 8/96, p.57)(AP, 1/4/98)(Econ., 2/14/15, p.74

1966        Mar 5, Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet, died in Leningrad. She was born in 1889 as Anna Gorenko near Odessa, Ukraine. In 2005 Elaine Feinstein authored “Anna of All the Russias: A Life of Anna Akhmatova.

1966        Lenore Kandel (1932-2009), NYC-born SF poet, published “The Love Book." It was deemed pornographic and SF police raided the Psychedelic Shop on Haight Street where it was sold. Kandel, born of Russian and Mongol parents, was portrayed as Romana Swartz in Jack Kerouac’s 1962 novel “Big Sur."
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.D6)

1967        May 12, English poet laureate John Masefield died.
    (AP, 5/12/07)

1967        May 22, J. Langston Hughes (b.1902), poet laureate, US author (Tambourines to Glory), died of complications following surgery at NY Polyclinic Hospital.
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, p.F3)

1967        Jun 7, Author-critic Dorothy Parker (b.1893), famed for her caustic wit, died in NYC. The 1994 film "Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle" starred Jennifer Jason Leigh as the poet Dorothy Parker. It covered 25 years of Parker's life. She left most of her estate to Martin Luther King, Jr.
    (AP, 6/7/97)(SFEC, 8/23/98, DB p.43)(SFEC, 9/19/99, Z1 p.3)

1967        Jul 20, Pablo Neruda received the 1st Viareggio-Versile prize.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1967        Jul 22, Carl Sandburg (89), historian and poet (Abraham Lincoln: Prairie Years), died in North Carolina.
    (AP, 7/22/07)

1967        Aug 31, Ilya G. Ehrenburg (76), Russian poet and propagandist ("Russians, get your German!"), died.
    (MC, 8/31/01)

1967        Sep 1, Siegfried Sassoon (b.1886), WW I English soldier poet, died. His books included “Memoirs of a Fox Hunting Man" (1928). In 2005 Max Egremont authored the biography: “Siegfried Sassoon."
    (WSJ, 12/1/05, p.D9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siegfried_Sassoon)

1968        Jan 2, San Francisco poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti, arrested during the pre-Christmas series of peace demonstrations outside the Oakland Induction Center, was sentenced to 17 days in county jail after pleading guilty no contest to a charge of disturbing the peace.
    (SSFC, 12/31/17, DB p.54)

1968        Aug 13, In Greece there was an assassination attempt against Col. George Papadopoulos (1919-1999), the right-wing military leader, organized by Alexandros Panagoulis (1939-1976), Greek politician and poet.

1969        May 4, F. Osbert S. Sitwell (b.1892), English poet (Who Killed Cock Robin?), died at castle Montegufoni near Florence, Italy.

1970        Jan 10, Charles Olson (b.1910), American poet, died in NYC. Volume Three of his Maximus Poems appeared posthumously in 1975.
    (SFC, 6/12/06, p.D8)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/m_r/olson/life.htm)

1970        Dec 31, Lorine Niedecker (b.1903), died. She was a Wisconsin-born objectivist-influenced poet.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorine_Niedecker)

1971        May 23, In California poet Lou Welch (b.1926) walked away from Gary Snider’s residence in the Sierra foothills and was never seen again.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lew_Welch)

1971        Sep 20, George Seferis (b.1900), Nobel Prize-winning (1963) Greek poet, died. In 2003 Roderick Beaton authored "George Seferis - Waiting for the Angel: A Biography."
    (HN, 3/13/01)(Econ, 11/22/03, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgos_Seferis)

1971        Anne Sexton (1928-1974), American poet and writer, authored "Transformations." It retold classic fairy stories with a Freudian twist and personal references and formed the basis for Conrad Susa’s 1973 opera of the same name. Diane Middlebrook wrote "Anne Sexton: A Biography" in 1991.
    (WSJ, 7/2/97, p.A12)(SFC, 6/23/98, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Sexton)

1971-1973    Josephine Jacobsen (d.2003), poet, writer and critic, was appointed consultant in poetry to the US Library of Congress.
    (SSFC, 7/13/03, p.A27)

1972        Jan 7, Poet John Berryman (b.1914), US poet (Imaginary Jew), leaped to his death from a bridge above the Mississippi River. He was teaching a graduate course at the Univ. of Minnesota on America’s character as revealed by its poets. Carl Rakosi took over the class. His former wife, Eileen Simpson, died in 2002. Simpson authored her memoir "Poets in Their Youth" in 1982.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Berryman)(SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.1)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A24)

1972        Jan 8, Kenneth Patchen (b.1911), American poet, died in Palo Alto, Ca. He was bed-ridden in his later years from a debilitating spinal injury. His works included "Before the Brave" and "Hurrah for Anything."
    (HN, 12/13/99)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_Patchen)

1972        Feb 5, Marianne Moore (b.1887), American poet, died in NYC. Her longest work was the 1923 poem "Marriage." In 1998 her the book: "The Selected letters of Marianne Moore" was edited by Bonnie Costello, Celeste Goodridge and Cristanne Miller. In 2013 Linda Leavell authored “Holding On Upside Down: The Life and Work of Marianne Moore."
    (www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap7/moore.html)(WSJ, 1/8/98, p.A7)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.83)

1972        Nov 1, Ezra Pound (b.1885), American poet, died in Italy. In 2007 A. David Moody authored “Ezra Pound: Poet: The Young Genius 1885-1920."
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.117)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezra_Pound)

1973        Aug 17, Conrad Aiken (b.1889), American Pulitzer winning poet and novelist, died.

1973        Sep 23, Pablo Neruda (b.1904), Chilean Nobel laureate poet, died of alleged leukemia. One of his last works, "The Book of Questions," was published in an English translation in 1991. In 2003 Ilan Stavans edited "The Poetry of Pablo Neruda." In 2004 Matilda Urrutia’s “My Life With Pablo Neruda" was translated into English. Neruda’s driver later said the poet was poisoned by government agents.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, BR p.2)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.M3)(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.M4)(SFC, 6/1/11, p.A2)

1973        Herbert Leibowitz, Manhattan literary critic and college professor, founded Parnassus, a poetry journal. In 2007 he planned his last issue.
    (WSJ, 1/25/07, p.D12)

1974        Jan 13, Salvador Novo (b.1904), gay Mexican writer, poet and official chronicler of Mexico City, died.

1974        Oct 4, Anne Sexton (b.1928), American poet, committed suicide in Massachusetts. In 1991 Diane Middlebrook (1939-2007), authored “Anne Sexton: A Biography."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Sexton)(SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A1)

1974        Oct 28, David Jones, English artist and modernist poet, died In Middlesex. In 2017 Thomas Dilworth authored “David Jones: Engraver, Soldier, Painter, Poet."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Jones_(artist-poet))(Econ, 4/1/17, p.77)

1974        Berdy Kerbabaev (b.1894), a Turkmenistan poet, novelist and playwright, died. He was one of the most noticeable Turkmen writers of the Soviet period.

1975        May 10, In El Salvador leftist poet and novelist Roque Dalton (b.1937) was executed by a group of commandos. In 2010 his relatives petitioned prosecutors to file homicide charges against two ex-rebel commanders, who they claim participated in the decision to kill the writer. The complaint named former Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front leader Joaquin Villalobos and Jorge Melendez, who serves in the current government as head of the civil defense office. In 2012 a judge closed the case ruling it's too late for a prosecution.
    (AP, 5/15/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roque_Dalton)(AP, 1/10/12)

1975        Oct, Eugenio Montale (1896-1981), Italian poet, won the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1999 two collections of his poetry were translated and published in English: Collected Poems 1920-1954" and "Satura 1962-1970."
    (SFEC, 2/28/99, BR p.8)

1975        Nov 1, Pier Paolo Pasolini (b.1922), Italian poet, author and director was murdered. A young male prostitute was tried and convicted for the murder in 1976.

1976        John Ashbery (1927-2017), American poet, became the only writer to win the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award in the same year for his collection “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror."
    (SFC, 9/5/17, p.A5)

1977        Sep 12, Robert Lowell (b.1917), US poet (Near the Ocean), died of a heart attack in NYC. In 2003 Frank Bidart and David Gewanter edited "Robert Lowell: Collected Poems." In 2005 Saskia Hamilton edited “The Letters of Robert Lowell."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/rlowell.htm)(SSFC, 7/13/03, p.M6)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.73)

1977        Polish poet Stanislaw Baranczak co-founded the Workers' Defense Committee (KOR), following a brutal communist crackdown on protesting workers. For his activity he was fired from his job at the Adam Mickiewicz University in his native Poznan and his writings were barred from print in Poland. In 1981 he got a three-year contract as lecturer at Harvard but stayed on.
    (AP, 12/27/14)
1977        Vicente Aleixandre (1898-1984), Spanish poet, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

1979        Feb 9, Allen Tate (b.1899), poet and exponent of the New Criticism, died in Nashville.
    (WSJ, 8/2/08, p.W9)(http://tinyurl.com/5g27ry)

1979        Aug 28, Konstantin Simonov (b.1915), Russian war correspondent and poet, died in Moscow. His poems included “Wait For Me" (1942).

1979        Jul 16, Nguyen Chi Thien (1939-2012), Vietnamese poet, managed to pass 400 of his poems to the British ambassador in Hanoi before being arrested. They were later published as “Flowers of Hell" and won for him the Int’l. Poetry Award in 1985.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.114)

1979        Oct 6, Elizabeth Bishop (b.1911), American poet, died. She had spent 17 years in Brazil and won a Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1956. In 2008 Thomas Travisano and Saskia Hamilton edited “Words in Air: The Complete Correspondence Between Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell." In 2010 Michael Sledge authored a novel, “The More I Owe You," based on her life.
    (Econ, 11/22/08, p.97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Bishop)(SFC, 8/31/10, p.E1)

1979        Odysseus Elytis (1911-1996), Greek poet, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odysseas_Elytis)

1980        Feb 25, Robert Hayden, American poet and educator, died in Ann Arbor, Mich. Hayden had studied under W.H. Auden at the Univ. of Michigan. In 1976 Pres. Gerald Ford appointed him the 1st African-American consultant in poetry to the Library of Congress, a post that later became known as Poet Laureate.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Hayden)(LSA, Fall/02, p.7)

1980        Ukrainian dissident poet Vasyl Stus was arrested for “anti-Soviet activity." Viktor Medvedchuk was appointed his lawyer. During his closing speech at the trial, Medvedchuk denounced his client and said that all of Stus’s “crimes" deserved punishment. Stus was sentenced to 10 years of forced labor in the notorious Perm-36 Gulag camp where he died, while on hunger strike, in 1985.
    (The Daily Beast, 7/14/19)

1982        Jan 17, Varlan Shalamov, Russian writer, journalist, poet and Gulag survivor, died in Moscow.

1984        Apr 15, William Empson (b.1926), English literary critic and poet, died. His 1950 book, “Seven Types of Ambiguity," changed literary criticism. In 2005 John Haffenden authored “William Empson: Volume I, Among the Mandarins." In 2006 Haffenden completed Vol II, “William Empson: Against the Christians."
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.79)(www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=1427)(WSJ, 12/23/06, p.P10)

1984        May 19, John Betjeman (b.1906), British poet, died. In 2004 Bevis Hillier authored a 3-volume biography of Betjeman. In 2006 A.N. Wilson authored a single volume biography.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Betjeman)(WSJ, 12/2/06, p.P8)

1984        The Library of Congress renamed the position of Consultant in Poetry to the title Poet Laureate of the US Library of Congress. The title of the consultant's position was officially changed by Public Law 99-194 to Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry on Dec 20, 1985.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.E5)(www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0411/poetry.html)

1985        Nov 17, Gheorghe Emil Ursu (b.1926), Romanian construction engineer, poet, diarist and dissident, died after being beaten for weeks by police. Security police had raided his home and discovered his diary, in which he had joted down scathing secret poems by Nina Cassian about Nicolae Ceausescu self-importance and stupidity. In 2016 military prosecutors said four former communist officials, including the former chief of the feared Securitate secret police, will stand trial for Ursu’s death.
    (Econ, 5/17/14, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gheorghe_Ursu)(AP, 8/1/16)

1985        Dec 2, Philip Larkin (b.1922), English poet, died of esophageal cancer. He had received the Queen’s Gold Medal for Poetry in 1965. His books included “High Windows" (1974). In 2012 “The Complete Poems of Philip Larkin," edited by Archie Burnett, was published.
    (WSJ, 12/8/07, p.W18)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.94)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.94)

1985        Dec 20, The passage of US Public Law 99-194 established the position of American Poet Laureate. In 1986 Robert Penn Warren became designated as the 1st Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry.

1986        Jan, Bob Kaufman, Beat poet, died in San Francisco at 60. He was born in New Orleans and had been called the "black American Rimbaud." His work includes "Cranial Guitar." Much of his work was preserved due to the diligence of his wife Eileen. Kaufman took a vow of silence after the assassination of John F. Kennedy and began speaking again after the Vietnam war ended. His last year was spent under the care of his friend Lyn Wildey.
    (SFC, 7/6/96, p.A15)(SFC, 7/20/96, p.A13)(I-witness)

1986        Feb 26, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and author Robert Penn Warren was named the first poet laureate of the US by Librarian of Congress Daniel J. Boorstin. Warren was awarded the post of US poet laureate consultant to the Library of Congress as the name was changed from consultant in poetry.
    (SSFC, 7/13/03, p.A27)(AP, 2/26/06)

1986        Jul 25, Marc Smith, NYC construction worker turned poet, held the first poetry slam at the Green Mill jazz club in Chicago. He pitted writers against one another in a test of writing skills and performance.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.83)(www.slampapi.com/new_site/background.htm)

1987        Oct 22, Nobel prize for literature was awarded to Joseph Brodsky (1940-1996). At an interview in the Stockholm airport, to a question: "You are an American citizen who is receiving the Prize for Russian-language poetry. Who are you, an American or a Russian?" He responded: "I am Jewish".

1988        Feb 3, Robert Duncan, American poet, died. He and his partner Jess Collins (d.2004) along with Harry Jacobus founded the King Ubu Gallery in SF in 1953.
    (SFC, 1/7/04, p.A19)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/duncan/life.htm)

1988        Aug 2, Raymond Carver (b.1938), poet, short story writer (Furious Season), died.

1989        Sep 15, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren (b.1905), the first poet laureate of the United States, died in Stratton, Vt., at age 84. He authored 16 poetry collections and 10 novels that included the 1946 "All the King’s Men."
    (WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A15)(AP, 9/14/99)

1990        Seamus Heaney (b.1939), Nobel Prize winning poet (1995), wrote the play "The Cure at Troy" based on Sophocles’ play "Philoctetes."
    (WSJ, 12/3/97, p.A20)(www.ibiblio.org/ipa/poems/heaney/biography.php)

1992        Jul 9, Poet Adrienne Rich rejected the US government National Medal for the Arts award due to radical disparities of wealth and power in America.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)

1992        Jun 14, Mona Van Duyn (1921-2004) became the first woman to be named the nation's poet laureate by the Library of Congress.
    (AP, 6/14/97)

1992        Oct 8, Derek Walcott (1930-2013), West Indies born poet (Saint Lucia), was named winner of the Nobel Prize in literature. In 1997 his collection of poems "The Bounty" was published. In 2014 an anthology of his poetry was published.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, BR p.1)(AP, 10/8/97)(Econ, 3/20/10, p.94)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.81)

1992        Audre Lorde (b.1934), American influential black lesbian poet, died of cancer. In 1996 the TV documentary: "A Litany for Survival: The Life and Work of Audre Lorde was shown." In 2004 Alexis De Veaux authored "Warrior Poet: A biography of Audre Lorde."
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.B7)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.M2)

1993        Jul 13, A.K. Ramanujan (b.1929), Indian poet and scholar, died in Chicago. In 1999 his collected essays were published.
    (WSJ, 4/4/09, p.W8)(www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/Ramanujan.html)

1994        Sep 10, Amy Clampitt (b.1920), American poet, died. Her books included “Kingfisher" (1983). In 2005 Willard Spiegelman edited her selected letters: “Love, Amy: The Selected Letters of Amy Clampitt."
    (WSJ, 7/22/05, p.W7)(www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=890)

1995        Feb 6, Poet James Merrill (b.1926) died in Tucson, Arizona, from AIDS. In 2001 Alison Lurie authored "Familiar Spirits: A Memoir of James Merrill and David Jackson." In 2015 Langdon Hammer authored James Merrill: Life and Art."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Merrill)(SSFC, 3/11/01, BR p.3)(Econ., 4/18/15, p.75)

1995        Jul 16, Stephen Spender (b.1909), English poet and critic, died. In 2004 John Sutherland authored “Stephen Spender: The Authorized Biography."
    (HN, 2/28/01)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.81)

1996        Mar 18, Odysseus Elytis, Greek poet and Nobel Prize winner (1979), died in Athens at age 84.
    (WSJ, 3/19/96, p.A-1)(http://dpsinfo.com/dps/mnames.html)

1996        Apr 13, George Mackay Brown (b.1921), Scottish poet and novelist, died in his hometown of Stromness, on the Orkney Mainland. In 2006 Maggie Ferguson authored “George Mackay Brown: The Life."
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.81)(http://tinyurl.com/fdgky)

1997        Apr 5 Allen Ginsberg (b.1926), the counterculture guru who shattered conventions as poet laureate of the Beat Generation, died in New York City at age 70. His last book of poems "Death and Fame: Last Poems 1993-1997" was edited by Bob Rosenthal, Peter Hale and Bill Morgan following his death. In 2000 Bill Morgan edited "Deliberate Prose: Selected Essays 1952-1995." In 2001 David Carter edited "Allen Ginsberg: Spontaneous Mind, The Selected Interviews, 1958-1996." In 2006 Bill Morgan authored “I Celebrate Myself: The Somewhat Private Life of Allen Ginsberg."
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, p.A11)(AP, 5/5/97)(WSJ, 4/2/99, p.W6)(SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.3)(SFEC, 3/5/00, DB p.4)(SSFC, 4/8/01, BR p.2)(SSFC, 11/5/06, p.M1)

1997        Jul 27, Mohammed Mahdi al-Jawahri, classical Arab poet, died in Syria. He was the most famous poet of Iraq from whence he fled in 1979. His work included "Between Passion and Feeling" (1928) and "Al Jawahri’s Divan" (1935).
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1998        Jan 27, In Britain poet laureate Ted Hughes won the $33,000 Whitbread Book of the Year award for his "Tales of Ovid."
    (SFC, 1/28/98, p.E6)

1998        Jul 28, In Poland Zbigniev Herbert (b.1924), poet and essayist, died at age 73 in Warsaw. He insisted that civilization depended on artists’ staking out clear moral positions resistant to the winds of history and ideology. In 1999 John and Bogdana Carpenter translated "Elegy for the Departure and Other Poems," and "The King of the Ants: Mythological Essays."
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.B2)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.8)

1998        Oct 7, Ted Hughes, poet laureate of England, won the $16,930 Forward Prize for best poetry collection for his "Birthday Letters."
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.E3)

1998        Oct 28, Ted Hughes, British poet, died at age 68. His work included 35 books of poems, 3 works of prose, 2 opera libretti, and 4 stage plays. In 2007 Christopher Reid edited “Letters of Ted Hughes." In 2015 Jonathan Bate authored “Ted Hughes: The Unauthorized Life."
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A17)(Econ, 11/24/07, p.90)

1999        Jul 24, Shoukry Ayyad, Egyptian poetry critic, died at age 78. His 20 books on Arabic poetry, language and theater included "The Hero in Literature and Fables," "Music of Poetry," and Language and Creativity."
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A17)

2000        Oct 1, Stanley Kunitz (95) succeeded Robert Pinsky as the US poet laureate.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, BR p.2)

2000        Dec 30, Russia’s Pres. Putin endorsed the new national anthem with words by poet Sergei Mikhalkov (1913-2009) and the original Soviet music. Mikhalkov adjusted the text again, replacing references to Lenin and the Soviets with a paean to Russia's "divinely protected" forests and meadows that span from "southern seas to the polar lands."
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B5)(AP, 8/27/09)

2002        Aug 11, Jiri Kolar (87), a Czech poet and artist known mainly for his pioneering work in the art of collage, died in Prague. His poetry books included "Birth Certificate" (1941)
    (AP, 8/12/02)

2002        Aug 15, Larry Rivers (78), painter, sculptor, jazz musician and poet, died in Southampton, NY. Rivers was born as Yitzroch Grossberg in Bronx, NY.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A25)(NW, 8/26/02, p.9)

2002        Aug 28, Amiri Baraka, poet known as LeRoi Jones until 1968, was proclaimed the poet laureate for New Jersey. Gov. Jim McGreevey later regretted the proclamation following Baraka's poem "Somebody Blew Up America."
    (WSJ, 10/3/02, p.D6)

2002        Tsutomu Yamaguchi (1916-2010), twice-victim of the 1945 nuclear bombs in Japan, published a collection of 31-syllable poems (tanka) that reflected on his WWII ordeal.
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsutomu_Yamaguchi)

2003        Apr 5, Kirby Doyle (70), San Francisco Beat poet and writer, died.
    (SFC, 5/14/03, p.A17)

2003        Jul 6, Kathleen Raine (95), a poet and scholar whose verse explored the realms of nature and the spirit, died in London. "Stone and Flower" (1943), illustrated by Barbara Hepworth, was her first published collection, followed by "Living in Time" (1946) and "The Pythoness" (1949).
    (AP, 7/10/03)

2003        Aug 7, F.T. Prince (90), South African poet, died in Southampton, England. His work included the WWII poem "Soldiers Bathing."
    (SFC, 8/13/03, p.A23)

2003        Aug 16, Haroldo de Campos (73), Brazilian poet, died in Sao Paulo. He was the best know of the Brazilian Concrete poets.
    (SFC, 8/26/03, p.A19)

2003        Aug 28, The US Library of Congress said it would name Louise Gluck as the nation's poet laureate. Her 9 books included "The Wild Iris" (1992).
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.A3)

2003        Nov 3, Rasul Gamzatov, Dagestan poet, died in Moscow. He wrote in Avar, a language spoken by some 500,000 people in Dagestan. He also wrote the prose work "My Dagestan."
    (SFC, 11/4/03, p.A21)

2003        Nov 4, Charles Causley (86), English poet, died.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.85)

2003        Dec 12, Fadwa Toukan (b.1917), Palestinian poet, died in Nablus at age 86.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.A31)

2003        Felix Dennis, publisher of Maxim magazine, published his 1st volume of poetry “A Glass Half Full."
    (WSJ, 2/6/04, p.A6)   

2004        Feb 6, It was reported that John Barr, a Wall Street banker, was named president of the Chicago-based Poetry Foundation. He replaced Joseph Parisi.
    (WSJ, 2/6/04, p.A6)(SSFC, 6/27/04, p.M2)

2004        Mar 12, Natan Yonatan (81), Israeli poet, died near Tel Aviv.
    (SFC, 3/13/04, p.B8)

2004        Apr 25, Thom Gunn (b.1929), British-born poet, died in SF at age 74. His 1st book, titled "Fighting Terms" (1954), was recognized as part of the British group called "The Movement." He moved from England to America in 1954 to live with his male lover and explore the California culture.
    (SFC, 4/28/04, p.B7)(Econ, 5/8/04, p.83)

2004        Jun 3, Eugene Ruggles (b.1935), SF poet, died in Petaluma, Ca. His books included “Lifeguard in the Snow" (1977).
    (SFC, 6/4/04, B6)

2004        Jun 24, Carl Rakosi (100), American poet, died in SF.
    (SFC, 7/2/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 13, Christopher Hewitt (58), disabled gay poet, died. He was among the many poets to have read at the Café Babar.
    (SFC, 7/21/04, p.B7)

2004        Aug 12, Ted Kooser of Lincoln, Nebraska, replaced Louise Gluck as US poet laureate.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.E20)

2004        Aug 14, Czeslaw Milosz (93), Polish poet and Nobel laureate (1980), died in Krakow. He was known for his intellectual and emotional works about some of the worst cruelties of the 20th century. Milosz was born on June 30, 1911, in Szetejnie, now Lithuania, and studied law at the University in Vilnius. There, he published his first book of poems, "Three Winters," in 1936. In 2006 Cynthia L. Haven edited the book “Czeslaw Milosz: Conversations."
    (AP, 8/14/04)(Econ, 8/21/04, p.72)(SSFC, 9/24/06, p.M5)

2004        Oct 21, Anthony Hecht (81), American poet, died in Washington DC.
    (WSJ, 10/26/04, p.D8)

2004        Dec 2, Mona Van Duyn (b.1921), US poet laureate (1992), died at her home in University City, Missouri.
    (SFC, 12/4/04, p.B7)

2005        Mar 7, Philip Lamantia (77), SF Surrealist poet, died in North Beach. His 9 books included “Erotic Poems" (1946).
    (SFC, 3/11/05, p.B7)

2005        Mar 30, Robert Creeley (b.1926), US poet, died in Odessa, Texas.
    (SFC, 4/1/05, p.B7)

2005        May 25, Steve Mason (65), considered the poet laureate of the Vietnam War, died in Ashland, Ore. His books included “Johnny’s Song: Poetry of a Vietnam Veteran" (1986).
    (SFC, 5/31/05, p.B4)

2005        Jun 9, Richard Eberhart (101), Pulitzer Prize winning poet, died in New Hampshire.

2005        Jul 7, Gustaf Sobin (69), American-born writer and poet, died in France. His work included the 2000 novel “The Fly-Truffler."
    (SFC, 7/13/05, p.B7)

2006        Jun, A fax informed Donald Hall (77), former poet laureate of New Hampshire, that he would be the next poet laureate of the US.
    (AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Sep 1, Hungarian poet Gyorgy Faludy (95), a legend of resistance to the rise of Nazism and Communism, died at his home in Budapest. He spent 1950-1953 in the Stalinist concentration camp at Recsk. Faludy won international fame with his autobiographical novel "My Happy Days in Hell" in the 1960s, which related his escape from fascist Hungary and his return, and imprisonment, in a country under communist rule.
    (Reuters, 9/2/06)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.96)

2006        Edith Grossman published “The Golden Age: Poems of the Spanish Renaissance," her English translations from the original Spanish works of 8 poets.
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.M3)

2006        Abu Dhabi’s government Authority for Culture and Heritage launched The Million's Poet to encourage poetry.
    (AP, 3/23/10)

2007        Jul 15, Mahmoud Darwish, the world's most recognized Palestinian poet, delivered a stinging tirade against Palestinian infighting in his first public appearance in decades in the Israeli city of Haifa.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

2007        Jul 18, Sekou Sundiata (b.1948), black poet and activist born as Robert Franklin Feaster, died of heart failure in Westchester, NY.
    (SFC, 7/28/07, p.B5)

2007        Nov 8, Samina Malik (23), who called herself the "Lyrical Terrorist" and penned poems with titles including "How To Behead," became the first woman to be convicted under Britain’s terrorism legislation.
    (AFP, 11/8/07)

2007        Nov 15, Berkeley poet Robert Haas won the National Book Award for his recent collection “Time and Materials."
    (SFC, 11/16/07, p.A2)

2007        Dec 15, Diane Middlebrook (b.1939), poet, biographer and teacher, died in SF. Her books included “Anne Sexton: A Biography" (1991).
    (SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A1)

2007        Juan Gelman (b.1930), Argentine poet, won the Cervantes Prize, the most prestigious award for Spanish-language literature.
    (AP, 8/28/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Gelman)

2008        Jan 12, Angel Gonzalez (82), one of Spain's most prominent poets and member of a literary generation known for its opposition to the dictatorship of Gen. Francisco Franco, died.
    (AP, 1/14/08)

2008        Jan 16, In New Zealand Hone Tuwhare (86), the first Maori poet to be published in English and one of New Zealand's most celebrated verse writers, died.
    (AP, 1/17/08)

2008        Mar 22, Michael Kassel (54), San Francisco blues musician (the Hellhounds) poet known as Vampyre Mike, died after a long illness. His books included “Graveyard Golf" and “Going for the Low Blow."
    (SSFC, 4/20/08, p.B6)

2008        Apr 17,     Aime Cesaire (b.1913), a Martinique poet honored throughout the French-speaking world and a crusader for West Indian rights, died.
    (AP, 4/17/08)

2008        Aug 9, Mahmoud Darwish (67), a Palestinian poet, died, died in Houston, Texas. His poetry eloquently told of his people's experiences of exile, occupation and infighting. His 1973 work “Journal of an Ordinary Grief" was translated to English in 2010.
    (AP, 8/10/08)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.75)(Econ, 10/23/10, p.103)

2008        Sep 28, Konstantin Pavlov (b.1933), Bulgarian poet and screenwriter, died. He was among the few Bulgarian intellectuals who dared to assert their professional independence during the 1945-89 communist regime. Some of his most popular volumes of poetry are "Sweet Agony" (1991), "The Murder of the Sleeping Man" (1992) and "A Long Time Ago..." (1998).
    (AP, 9/30/08)

2008        Oct 21, Jordanian police arrested a local writer for incorporating verses of the Quran, the Muslim holy book, into his love poetry. Islam Samhan, published his collection of poems, "Grace like a Shadow," without the approval of the Jordanian government, and authorities said it insults the holy book.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2009        Jan 5, Turkey restored the citizenship of its most famous poet Monday in a symbolic step meant to show it was addressing criticism of its human rights record in hopes of joining the European Union. Turkey had stripped Nazim Hikmet of his nationality in 1951 at the height of the Cold War because of his communist views, branded him a traitor and imprisoned him for more than a decade. He died in exile in Moscow in 1963.
    (AP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 18, Moldovan poet Grigore Vieru (b.1935) died in a car crash. He was admired for his courage in promoting Romanian, the country's native language, when Moldova was a Soviet republic. In the 1970s, he wrote "The Little Bee," Moldova's first Romanian-language school manual for young children.
    (AP, 1/19/09)

2009        Feb 20, Christopher Nolan (43), an Irish poet and novelist, died in Dublin. He had refused to let cerebral palsy get in the way of his writing. Using a "unicorn stick" strapped to his forehead to tap the keys of a typewriter, Nolan laboriously wrote out messages and, eventually, poems and books as well. His autobiography, "Under the Eye of the Clock: The Life Story of Christopher Nolan," won the prestigious Whitbread Award in 1988.
    (AP, 2/22/09)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.91)

2009        Apr 28, Ursula Askham Fanthorpe (b.1929), a highly regarded English poet, died near her home in Wotton-under-Edge in western England. She was first inspired by the human tragedy she saw in a neurological hospital.
    (AP, 5/1/09)

2009        May 1, Britain awarded the role of national poet laureate to Carol Ann Duffy (53), the first woman to hold a post that has been filled by William Wordsworth, Alfred Lord Tennyson and Ted Hughes. Duffy, a gay woman, has published more than 30 books, plays and children's stories as well as poems that mix accessible modern language with traditional forms.
    (AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 3, David Bromige (75), London-born poet and former Sonoma State Univ. professor, died in Sebastopol, Ca. He was Sonoma County’s 2nd poet laureate (2001-2003).
    (SFC, 6/17/09, p.B4)

2010        Mar 17, In Abu Dhabi Hissa Hilal, only her eyes visible through her black veil, delivered a blistering poem against Muslim preachers "who sit in the position of power" but are "frightening" people with their fatwas, or religious edicts, and "preying like a wolf" on those seeking peace.  She presented her 15-verse poem on the live TV “The Million's Poet" program.
    (AP, 3/23/10)

2010        May 30, Peter Orlovsky (76), poet and partner of Allen Ginsberg, died in Vermont.
    (SFC, 6/3/10, p.C5)

2010        Nov 3, Purushottama Lal (81), Indian poet and publisher, died. He published some 3,500 titles of Indian writers in English.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.105)

2011        Jan 17, John Ross (72), US poet, author, journalist and political activist who lived in Mexico and wrote extensively on its leftist political movements, died of liver cancer. His books included "Rebellion from the Roots: Zapatista Uprising in Chiapas." 
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Aug 22, Samuel Menashe (85), New York City poet, died.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.87)

2011        Oct 6, The Nobel Prize in literature was awarded to Sweden’s top poet Tomas Transtromer (80).
    (AP, 10/7/11)

2011        Dec 2, Christopher Logue (85), English poet, died.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.166)

2011        Jack Foley (71), Oakland, Ca., poet, authored “Visions and Affiliations: A California Literary Time Line Part One," a 1,300 page chrono-encyclopedia of Bay Area poets and poetry.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.E1)
2011        Liao Yiwu, exiled Chinese poet, published his memoir “For a Song and a Hundred Sons: A Poet’s Journey Thjrough a Chinese Prison" in Taiwan and Germany. Earlier versions were were seized by police in 1995 and 2001. It was translated to english in 2013.
    (SSFC, 7/7/13, p.F4)

2012        Jan 17, In China Zhu Yufu (58), a writer and democracy advocate, was charged with subversion in Hangzhou for writing a poem urging citizens to gather to defend their freedoms. In February Yufu was sentenced to 7 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/18/12, p.A3)(SFC, 2/11/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 1, In Poland Wislawa Szymborska (b.1923), Nobel-winning poet (1996), died. She published fewer than 400 poems.
    (AP, 2/9/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wis%C5%82awa_Szymborska)

2012        Mar 27, Adrienne Rich (b.1929), American feminist poet, died in her Santa Cruz, Ca., home after a long struggle with rheumatoid arthritis.
    (SFC, 3/29/12, p.A1)

2012        Jun 7, The US Library of Congress named Natasha Trethewey, Mississippi’s top poet, as the nation’s poet laureate.
    (SFC, 6/7/12, p.A9)

2012        Oct 2, Nguyen Chi Thien (73), Vietnamese poet, died in Orange County, Ca. In 1979 he managed to pass 400 of his poems to the British ambassador in Hanoi before being arrested. They were later published as “Flowers of Hell" and won for him the Int’l. Poetry Award in 1985.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.114)

2012        Nov 13, Jack Gilbert (b.1925), American lyrical poet, died in Berkeley.
    (SFC, 11/14/12, p.C3)

2012        Nov 29, Qatari poet Muhammad ibn al-Dheeb al-Ajami was sentenced to life in prison for an Arab Spring-inspired verse that officials claim insulted Qatar's emir and encouraged the ruler's overthrow. Al-Ajami was jailed in November 2011, months after an Internet video was posted of him reciting "Tunisian Jasmine." His life sentence was later cut on appeal to 15 years.
    (AP, 11/29/12)(Econ, 12/7/13, p.63)

2013        Apr 8, Chilean forensic experts exhumed the body of Nobel laureate Pablo Neruda, trying to solve a four-decade mystery about the 1973 death of one the greatest poets of the 20th century.
    (AP, 4/8/13)

2013        Aug 30, Seamus Heaney (74), Ireland's foremost poet and Nobel Prize winner (1995), died in Dublin after a half-century exploring the beauty of Ireland and the political torment within the nation's soul.
    (AP, 8/30/13)

2013        Sep 25, The body of poet Kofi Awoonor (78) was returned to Ghana. He was among the 72 civilians shot down by Islamic extremists at the Westgate mall in Nairobi. He had come Nairobi to take part in a literary festival.
    (AP, 9/25/13)

2013        Nov 29, Russian poet Natalia Gorbanevskaya (77) died in Paris. She was among the eight demonstrators arrested in in 1968 in Moscow’s Red Square for protesting the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia.
    (Econ, 12/7/13, p.94)

2013        Dec 3, Egyptian poet Ahmed Fouad Negm (84), renowned for his revolutionary poetry and outspoken criticism of Arab political leaders, died. He became recognized as a voice of protest in 1967 when he wrote poems on the Arab-Israeli war, which were highly acclaimed.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)

2014        Jan 9, Amiri Baraka (b.1934), poet, playwright and black nationalist, died in New Jersey.  He was born as Everett LeRoi Jones and changed his name in 1965 following the assassination of Malcolm X. His play “Dutchman" won the 1964 Obie Award for best American play.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.D5)

2014        Jan 14, In Mexico Juan Gelman, the celebrated Argentine poet and fierce critic of the South American nation's "dirty war" against leftists, died in Mexico City.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)

2014        Apr 14, Romanian poet and translator Nina Cassian (89) died in NYC. She had obtained political asylum in the US after the Communist-era secret police found her critical poems scribbled in a friend's diary.
    (AP, 4/16/14)(Econ, 5/17/14, p.86)

2014        May 28 Maya Angelou (b.1928), American poet, writer and civil rights activist, died at her home in Winston-Salem, NC. Her 1969 memoir “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" was the first of her seven memoirs.
    (SFC, 5/29/14, p.A11)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.98)

2014        Aug 19, Iranian poet Simin Behbahani (87) died.
    (Econ, 8/30/14, p.78)

2014        Aug 27, Bulgarian poet Valeri Petrov (born as Valeri Nissim Mevorah in 1920), died. His many translations included the complete works of Shakespeare.
    (AP, 8/27/14)

2014        Oct 9, Poet Carolyn Kizer (89), 1985 winner of the Pulitzer Prize for her collection “Yin," died in Sonoma, Ca.
    (SSFC, 10/12/14, p.C8)

2014        Nov 28, Saeed Akl (b.1912), Lebanon's leading poet, died. Some of his most famous poems were sung by Lebanon's top singer, Fayrouz, including the emotional "Take Me Back to My Country," a song that was played endlessly on radios during the country's 15-year civil war.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Nov 29, Mark Strand, former US poet laureate (1990-1991), died in Brooklyn. He won a 1999 Pulitzer Prize for his collection “Blizzard of One."
    (SSFC, 11/30/14, p.A14)

2014        Dec 26, Former Harvard lecturer Stanislaw Baranczak (68), Poland's outstanding poet, translator and dissident, died at his home near Boston, Mass.
    (AP, 12/27/14)

2015        Jan 26, Eileen Kaufman (93), former wife of SF Beat poet Bob Kaufman (d.1986), died at a senior home in Richmond, Ca. It was her efforts got Bob Kaufman’s collection: “Solitudes Crowded With Loneliness" published in 1965.
    (SFC, 2/4/15, p.D2)

2015        Jan 28, American poet Steve Sanfield (b.1937), founder of the Sierra Storytelling Festival, died at his home on the San Juan Ridge in Nevada Ct., Ca. His work included 30 books.
    (SFC, 2/12/15, p.D3)

2015        Jan 29, Rod McKuen (b.1933), poet and song-writer, died in Beverly Hills. His work included some 200 albums and over 30 collections of poetry. Some of his best-known songs, including “If You Go Away" and “Seasons in the Sun" were written with Belgian composer Jacques Brell.
    (SFC, 1/30/15, p.A10)

2015        Mar 26, Tomas Transtromer (83), Swedish poet and Nobel laureate (2011), died.
    (SFC, 3/28/15, p.A2)

2015        May 14, Franz Wright (62), American Pulitzer Prize winning poet, died in Waltham, Mass. He was the son of James Wright, another Pulitzer Prize winning poet.
    (SFC, 5/16/15, p.A6)

2015        Jun 10, Juan Felipe Herrera, former poet laureate of California (2012-2014, was named the new poet laureate of the United States. On September 15 he will replace Charles Wright.
    (SFC, 6/11/15, p.D1)

2015        Oct 6, Whitman McGowan (64), SF poet, died of brain cancer. His work included “White Folk Was Wild Once Too."
    (SSFC, 10/11/15, p.C9)(http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=ebf_1216313878)

2015        Nov 17, A Saudi appeals court sentenced Palestinian artist Ashraf Fayadh to execution for apostasy related to a book of poetry and alleged illicit relations with women in a case that dated back to 2013. In 2016 his sentence reduced to prison time and lashes instead.
    (SFC, 11/26/15, p.A9)(AP, 2/3/16)

2016        Jun 30, English Poet Geoffrey Hill (84) died.
    (Econ, 7/30/16, p.74)

2016        Jul 1, Yves Bonnefoy (b.1923), France's most famous contemporary poet, died. The celebrated translator of Shakespeare had poems translated into 30 languages.
    (AFP, 7/2/16)

2016        Nov 16, Colson Whitehead won the US National Book Award for fiction for his novel “The Underground Railroad." Ibram X. Kendi won the nonfiction award for “Stamped From the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America. The poetry award went to Daniel Borzutzky for “The Performance of Becoming Human."
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A11)

2016        Dec 31, David Meltzer (b.1937), poet and musician, died at his home in Oakland, Ca. His books included more than 40 volumes of poetry and the non-fiction works such as “Reading Jazz" (1993). His book "Rock Tao," written when he was 28, was published in 2022.
    (SFC, 1/3/17, p.A4)(SFC, 3/19/22, p.D2)

2017        Mar 17, In St. Lucia Derek Walcott (87), a Nobel-prize winning poet, died. He was known for capturing the essence of his native Caribbean and became the region's most internationally famous writer.
    (AP, 3/17/17)(Econ, 4/1/17, p.82)

2017        Mar 22, Joanne Kyger (82), a leading poet of the San Francisco Beat generation, died in Bolinas, Ca. Her almost 30 collections of poetry began with “The Tapestry and the Web" (1965).
    (SFC, 3/24/17, p.D3)

2017        Apr 1, Acclaimed Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko (b.1932) died in Tulsa, Oklahoma. In 1961 he gained international acclaim with the poem “Babi Yar," that told of the Nazi slaughter of almost 34,000 Jews and denounced the anti-Semitism that had spread throughout the Soviet Union.
    (SSFC, 4/2/17, p.C11)(Econ, 4/22/17, p.82)

2017        Apr 27, Jack Mueller (74), a former poet of San Francisco’s North Beach, died in Grand Junction, Colo. His published work included six collections of poems and two books of sketches.
    (SFC, 5/5/17, p.D5)

2017        Jun 15, Pulitzer Prize winner Tracy K. Smith, a professor of humanities at Princeton Univ., was named the next US poet laureate succeeding Juan Felipe Herrera.
    (SFC, 6/16/17, p.E1)

2017        Jul 1, Heathcote Williams (b.1941),  English poet, actor, political activist and dramatist, died in Oxford.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heathcote_Williams)(Econ 7/15/17, p.78)

2017        Jul 5, Irina Ratushinskaya (63), Ukraine-born dissident and poet of the Soviet era, died in Moscow.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irina_Ratushinskaya)(Econ 7/29/17, p.78)

2017        Sep 3, John Ashbery (90), American poet, died at his home in Hudson, NY. In 1976 he became the only writer to win the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award in the same year for his collection “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror."
    (SFC, 9/5/17, p.A5)

2017        Megan Marshall authored “Elizabeth Bishop: A Miracle for Breakfast." Bishop (1911-1979) was an American poet and short-story writer.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.83)

2018        Jan 23, Nicanor Parra (103), a Chilean physicist, mathematician and self-described "anti-poet", died. His eccentric writings won him a leading place in Latin American literature. He earned international fame in 1954 with "Poemas y Antipoemas" (Poems and Antipoems) and won Chile's prestigious National Literature Prize in 1969 and a Guggenheim fellowship in 1972.
    (AP, 1/23/18)

2018        Apr 14, US poet Sam Hamill (b.1943) died in Anacortes, Wa. The former Marine-turned-pacifist helped founmd the Copper Canyon Press in 1972.
    (SSFC, 4/29/18, p.C9)

2018        May 3, An Israeli court convicted Arab poet Dareen Tatour (36) of online incitement to terrorism for using her poem "Resist, My People, Resist" as the soundtrack to images in 2015 of Palestinians in violent confrontations with Israeli troops.
    (Reuters, 5/3/18)

2018        Jul 31, Egyptian rights attorney said a military court has sentenced poet Galal el-Beheiri to three years in prison for "disseminating false news" and insulting the country's security forces.
    (SFC, 8/1/18, p.A2)
2018        Jul 31, An Israeli court jailed Israeli Arab poet Dareen Tatour (36) for five months after convicting her of incitement to terrorism for a poem and remarks she posted on social media during a wave of Palestinian street attacks. She had published her poem "Resist, My People, Resist" in October 2015 as a soundtrack to footage of masked Palestinian youths throwing stones and firebombs at Israeli soldiers.
    (Reuters, 7/31/18)

2018        Aug 17, In the SF Bay Area Berkeley poet Tom Clark (77) was struck while walking in Berkeley by a hatchback sedan and died hours later at Highland Hospital in Oakland.
    (SFC, 8/20/18, p.C1)

2018        Dec 5, In the SF Bay Area Berkeley street poet Julia Vinograd (74), widely known as the Bubble Lady of Telegraph Avenue, died in an Oakland hospital. Her work included 68 collections of verse.
    (SSFC, 12/9/18, p.C11)

2019        Jan 17, American poet Mary Oliver (83) died at her home in Hobe sound, Florida. The 1984 Pulitzer Prize winner had authored more than 15 poetry and essay collections.
    (SFC, 1/18/19, p.C8)

2019        Mar 15, American poet W.S. Merwin died at his home in Hawaii. Merwin was a two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize and the US poet laureate from 2010-2011.
    (SFC, 3/18/19, p.C3)

2019        Apr 14, Dmitry Bykov, a Russian poet known for his outspoken prose against Vladimir Putin, fell ill on a flight to Ufa. He had been trailed and targeted by the same poison squad that nearly killed Alexei Navalny. In 2021 an investigation by Bellingcat found what it called a “cluster" of airline and rail trips by members of Russia’ secret service force known as the FSB that coincided with the poet’s movements before he was near-fatally poisoned.
    (The Daily Beast, 6/9/21)

2019        May 10, Simon Armitage was named the UK's new Poet Laureate, succeeding Carol Ann Duffy in the 10-year post.
    (AP, 5/11/19)

2020        Mar 1, In Nicaragua Ernesto Cardenal (95), the renowned poet and Roman Catholic cleric who became a symbol of revolutionary verse in Nicaragua and around Latin America, died. His 1984 suspension from the priesthood by St. John Paul II lasted over three decades.
    (AP, 3/1/20)(Econ., 3/7/20, p.82)

2020        Apr 27, Irish poet Eavan Boland (75) died following a stroke in Dublin. She was the director of Stanford's creative writing program. Her work included two volumes of prose: "Object Lessons: The Life of the Woman and the Poet in Our Time" (1995) and "A Journey with Two Maps: Becoming a Woman Poet" (2011).
    (SFC, 5/5/20, p.B3)(Econ., 5/16/20, p.82)

2020        May 4, Michael McClure (87), Beat poet, died at his home in the Oakland Hills. He put together the famed Six Gallery readings in 1955 that launched the San Francisco Rennaisance and the legend of the Beats.
    (SFC, 5/7/20, p.B1)

2020        Oct 8, American poet Louise Gluck (77) won the Nobel Prize in Literature for her 12 collections of poetry characterized as candid and uncompromising.
    (SFC, 10/9/20, p.A2)

2020        Nov 6, It was reported that Natan Zach (89), an Israeli writer who had a major impact on the development of modern Hebrew poetry, has died.
    (AP, 11/6/20)

2020        Dec 31, SF Bay Area poet Q.R. Hand (83) died of cancer in Vallejo. He had chronicled the Black experience in America  while working for many years as a mental health councilor in the Mission district of San Francisco.
    (SFC, 1/5/21, p.B4)

2021        Jan 20, Amanda Gorman (22) was the youngest person to deliver an inaugural poem. Her new work titled “The Hill We Climb".
    (NY Times, 1/21/21)

2021        Feb 22, Lawrence Ferlinghetti (101), the spiritual godfather of the Beat movement, died at his home in San Francisco. He inspired generations of artists and writers through his poetry and his celebrated bookstore, City Lights.
    (NY Times, 2/23/21)

2021        Apr 5, It was  announced that novelist James McBride, former US poet laureate Natasha Trethewey and science fiction great Samuel R. Delaney are among this year's winners of Anisfield-Wolf awards for books that confront racism and help promote diversity. The Anisfield-Wolf awards were founded in 1935 and are managed by the nonprofit Cleveland Foundation.
    (AP, 4/5/21)

2021        Apr 17, Al Young (b.1939), named California poet laureate in 2005, died at a private care facility in Concord, Ca.
    (SSFC, 4/25/21, p.F9)

2021        Jun 3, The US Academy of American Poets announced more than $1 million in grants for 23 local and state laureates.
    (AP, 6/3/21)

2021        Jun 24, Stephen Dunn (b.1939), a Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (2001), died at his home in Frostburg, Md.
    (SSFC, 6/26/21, p.F8)

2021        Jul 5, Security forces in Kuwait late today detained Jamal al-Sayer, a prominent poet, on charges of insulting the country’s ruler and spreading “fake news".
    (AP, 7/7/21)

2021        Jul 29, In San Francisco Janice Mirikitani (80), Glide co-founder and former city poet laureate (2000-2002), died. She spent years with Glide and, with her husband, the Rev. Cecil Williams, expanded the nonprofit's social programs focused on helping people in need.
    (SFC, 7/30/21, p.A1)(SFC, 8/16/21, p.C5)

2021        Aug 22, Jack Hirschman (87), New York-born Marxist poet and former SF poet laureate (2007), died at his home on Union St., SF.
    (SFC, 8/24/21, p.C1)

2021        Nov 21, Robert Bly (94), the Minnesota poet, author and translator, died at his home in Minneapolis. He articulated the solitude of landscapes, galvanized protests against the Vietnam War and started a controversial men’s movement with a best seller that called for a restoration of primal male audacity. His work included more than books of poetry.
    (NY Times, 11/22/21)(SSFC, 11/28/21, p.F6)

2021        Dec 18, David Wagoner (96), novelist and a leading figure in poetry circles, especially in the Pacific Northwest, died in Edmonds, Wa. His novel "The Escape Artist" (1965) was turned into a 1982 movie starring Griffin O'Neal.
    (SSFC, 1/2/22, p.F7)

2022        Jan 22, In Vietnam Thich Nhat Hanh, a Zen Buddhist monk, poet and peace activist, died in Hue surrounded by his followers in the temple where his spiritual journey began. In the 1960s he came to prominence as an opponent of the Vietnam War.
    (Reuters, 1/22/22)

2022        Feb 15, In San Francisco pioneering poet David Melnick (83) died at a skilled nursing home, a day before his 84th birthday. His books included "Eclogs" (1972), "Pcoet" (1975) and  "Men in Aida" (1983).
    (SSFC, 3/6/22, p.F1)

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