Timeline Jazz History

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1814        Nov 6, Adolphe Sax (d.1894), instrument maker and inventor of the saxophone, was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1272)(HN, 11/6/98)

1863-1917    This period, titled "Gumbo," was covered in the 1st episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1873        Nov 16, William Christopher Handy, W.C. Handy, father of the blues famous for "St. Louis Blues," was born in Alabama.
    (HN, 11/16/98)(MC, 11/16/01)

1883        Feb 7, Eubie Blake, ragtime composer, pianist (Memories of You), was born.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1883        May 26, Mamie Smith, blues singer, was born.
    (HN, 5/26/01)

1884        Aug 3, Louis Gruenberg, composer (Daniel Jazz), was born near Brest Litovsk, Poland.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1885          Jan 29, Leadbelly (d.1949), [Huddie William Ledbetter], blues singer, was born on the Jeter Plantation near Mooringsport, Louisiana.

1885        May 11, "King" Joseph Oliver, jazz cornetist and bandleader, was born.
    (HN, 5/11/02)

1885        May 26, Al Jolson (d.1950), American jazz singer and silent film actor, was born in Seredzius, Lithuania as Asa Yoelson. His father Morris was a rabbi and a cantor and so Asa started singing early, alongside his elder brother Harry and two elder sisters. In 1894 the family set off for America in search of a new life.

1885        Sep 20, Ferdinand Lamenthe, aka Jelly Roll Morton (d.1941), jazz pianist, composer and singer, was born in New Orleans. He was one of the first to orchestrate jazz music and disputed W.C. Handy's claim to be the originator of jazz and blues. He became famous at an early age for his classically informed improvisational piano playing often in brothels and other nontraditional settings. With his Red Hot Peppers in the 1920s, he pioneered the early jazz practice of reorchestrating and improvising upon well-known standards. He also wrote many enduring jazz tunes including the ‘London Rag’ and the ‘Jelly Roll Blues’.
    (HN, 9/20/98)(MC, 9/20/01)

1886        Apr 26, Ma Rainey, [Gertrude Pridgett], "Mother of the Blues", US blues singer, was born. [see Apr 3, 1888]
    (MC, 4/26/02)

1888        Apr 3, Gertrude Bridget "Ma" Rainey, American singer, "the mother of the blues," was born. [see Apr 26, 1886]
    (HN, 4/3/01)

1889        Apr 11, Nick La Rocca, US cornetist, composer (Tiger Rag), was born.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1893        Jun 9, Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist, was born. His songs include "Night and Day," "You're the Tops," and "I Get a Kick Our of You." In 1998 William McBrian published the biography "Cole Porter."
    (CFA, '96, p.48)(HN, 6/9/99)(SFEC, 11/22/98, BR p.4)

1893         Jun 26, William "Big Bill" Broonzy, blues singer and guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 6/26/01)

1894        Feb 4, Antoine J "Adolphe" Sax (b.1814), Belgium-born instrument maker (saxophone), died in Paris. In 2005 Michael Segell authored "The Devil’s Horn: The Story of the Saxophone, From Noisy Novelty to King of Cool."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolphe_Sax)(SSFC, 10/16/05, p.M3)

1897        May 14, Sidney Bechet (d.1951), jazz clarinetist and soprano saxophone player, was born.
    (HN, 5/14/01)

1897        Nov 23, Willie "The Lion" Smith, jazz and ragtime pianist, was born.
    (HN, 11/23/00)

1898        Apr 15, Bessie Smith, American blues singer, was born.
    (HN, 4/15/01)

1898        Buddy Bolden, cornetist and New Orleans brass band leader, was an early practitioner of what would be recognized today as jazz. Bolden's 1898 brass band, Kid Ory's Creole Band, played their early version of jazz while marching in parades, at funerals, weddings and dances. Blues, ragtime and brass band music were blending at the end of the 19th century into what would be known as jazz. New Orleans was one of the key cities for the development of this music.
    (HNQ, 5/12/98)

1899        Apr 29, Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (d.1974), jazz composer and musician was born in Washington DC.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.32)(AP, 4/29/99)

1899        Nov 22, Hoagy Carmichael (d.1981), American composer, was born in Bloomington, Ind. His songs included "Georgia on My Mind" (1930) "Stardust" and over 600 other melodies. Lyrics for Georgia on my Mind were written by Stuart Gorrell.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A24)(SFC, 11/25/99, p.C22)(Econ, 7/3/04, p.16)

1900        George Lewis, clarinetist, was born in New Orleans.
    (WSJ, 5/15/01, p.A24)

1901        Aug 4, Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, (Daniel Louis Armstrong, d.1971) jazz trumpet player, was born in New Orleans. He developed a vocal style called "scat singing"; was a band leader, film star and worldwide celebrity; his career spanned five decades. His autobiography “Satchmo" was published in 1954. "I got a simple rule about everybody. If you don't treat me right, shame on you." Laurence Bergreen in 1997 wrote a biography titled: "Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life."
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, BR p.4)(AP, 12/1/99)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Armstrong)

1903        Mar 1, Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke, jazz cornetist (In a Mist), was born in Iowa. [see Mar 10]
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1903        Mar 10, Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke, jazz cornetist and composer, was born. [see Mar 1]
    (HN, 3/10/01)

1904        Feb 29, Jimmy Dorsey (d.1957), orchestra leader, was born.
    (HN, 2/29/00)

1904         Mar 1, Glenn Miller (d.1944), big band leader, was born.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1904        Apr 26, William "Count" Basie, jazz pianist (Policy Man, Blazing Saddles), was born. [see Aug 21]
    (MC, 4/26/02)

1904        May 21, Fats Waller (d.1943), [Thomas Wright], jazz singer, composer (Ain't Misbehavin'), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1904        Aug 21, William "Count" Basie, American band leader and composer, was born. [see Apr 26]
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1904        Nov 21, Coleman Hawkins, jazz saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 11/21/00)

1905        Jul 10, Ivie Anderson, jazz singer, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/01)

1905        Aug 20, Jack Teagarden, jazz trombonist, was born.
    (HN, 8/20/00)

1906        Mar 27, Pee Wee Russell, jazz clarinetist, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/01)

1907        Aug 8, Benny Carter, jazz musician, composer and bandleader, was born in New York.
    (AP, 8/8/07)

1907        Jul 25, Johnny Hodges, jazz musician, was born.
    (HN, 7/25/02)

1907        Dec 25, Cab Calloway, band leader and first Jazz singer to sell a million records, was born.
    (HN, 12/25/98)

1908        Oct 6, Sammy Price, jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 10/6/00)

1909        May 1, Kate Smith (d.1986), singer, was born.
    (HN, 5/1/01)

1909        May 30, Benny Goodman was born. He became a great clarinet player, and big band leader and was known as the "King of Swing."
    (HN, 5/30/99)

1909        Saxophonist Lester Young (d.1959), aka "Prez," was born in Mississippi.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.B3)

1910        May 8, Mary Lou Williams, jazz pianist and composer, was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)

1910        May 23, Artie Shaw (d.2004), jazz bandleader and clarinetist, was born as Arthur Jacoby Arshawsky on the Lower East Side of NYC to poor Eastern European Jewish immigrants.
    (HN, 5/23/01)(SFC, 12/31/04, p.A4)

1910        May 28, T-Bone Walker, blues guitarist and singer, was born.
    (HN, 5/28/01)

1910        Jun 23, Milt Hinton (d.2000), jazz bassist and photographer, was born in Vicksburg, Miss.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.D9)

1910        Oct 13, Art Tatum, American jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1910        About this time jazz bands began playing in the gambling houses and brothels of the city's notorious Storyville section.
    (HNQ, 5/12/98)

1911        May 8, Robert Johnson, bluesman, was born in Mississippi.
    (HT, 5/97, p.40)

1911        Oct 24, Sonny Terry, blues performer, was born.
    (HN, 10/24/00)

1911-1996    Norma Teagarden jazz pianist. Her brother Jack was a celebrated trombonist, brother Charlie a trumpeter, and Cub a drummer. She joined Jack’s big band in 1942 and played in the bands of Ben Pollack and Ada Leonard. In the late 40s she led her own band and began teaching students. In 1963 the entire family performed together at the Monterey Jazz Festival. She played with a strong striding left hand and a softer right hand. Since 1975 she played at the Washington Square Bar and Grill in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)

1912        Feb 19, Stan Kenton, [Newcomb], jazz musician (Music 55), was born in Wichita, Ks.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1912        May 13, Gil Evans, jazz pianist and composer, was born.
    (HN, 5/13/01)

1912        Sep 27, W C Handy published "Memphis Blues," the 1st Blues Song. [see Sep 28]
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1912        Sep 28, W.C. Handy’s "Memphis Blues" was published. It was the first published blues composition. [see Sep 27]
    (HN, 9/28/98)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)

1912        Buddy Gilmore, drummer with the Jim Europe Band, established drummers in the dance music of the era. The group recorded on Victor Records. His work was later described in the biography "A Life in Ragtime" by Reid Badger.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.9)

1913        Apr 25, Earl Bostic, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation), was born in Tulsa, OK.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1913        May 16, Woody Herman (d.1987), jazz bandleader, was born.
    (HN, 5/16/01)

1914        Jul 26, Erskine Hawkins, trumpeter, was born.
    (HN, 7/26/01)

1914        Sep 11, W.C. Handy published: "The Saint Louis Blues."
    (SI-WPC, 12/6/96)(MC, 9/11/01)

1914-1918    World War I keyboard wizards included James P. Johnson, Willie "The Lion" Smith, and Luckyeth Roberts. They created the "Harlem Style."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16)

1915        Apr 4, Muddy Waters, American blues musician, was born as McKinley Morganfield.
    (HN, 4/4/01)(MC, 4/4/02)

1915        Apr 7, Billie Holiday (d.1959), jazz and blues legend, was born. She sang "God Bless the Child."
    (HN, 4/7/99)

1915        May 14, Harry Joseph Chick Daugherty, trombonist (Spike Jones & City Slickers), was born.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1915        Jun 9, Les Paul (d.2009), American guitarist and electric guitar innovator, was born.

1915         Jul 1, Willie Dixon, blues musician, was born.
    (HN, 7/1/01)

1915        Nov 19, Billy Strayhorn (d.1967), composer, arranger and pianist, was born. He wrote "Take the A Train."
    (HN, 11/19/00)

1915        Jelly Roll Morton published "Jelly Roll Blues."
    (SFC, 5/24/03, p.D3)

1915-1945    Richard M. Sudhalter in 1999 authored "Lost Chords: White Musicians and Their Contribution to Jazz 1915-1945.
    (SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.4)

1916        Mar 15, Harry James (d.1983), American band leader and trumpet player, was born, He is best remembered for his hit "You Made Me Love You." 
    (HN, 3/15/99)(WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A28)

1916        Oct 27, The 1st published reference to "jazz" appeared in Variety.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1916        Jelly Roll Morton opened the Jupiter on Columbus Ave in SF.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.D7)

1917        Jan, The 5-member white Dixie Jass Band from New Orleans led by Nick LaRocca cut its first jazz records: "Darktown Strutters’ Ball" and "Indiana" for Columbia Records in NYC.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.D5)
1917        Mar 5, The 1st jazz recording for Victor Records was released by RCA Victor in Camden, NJ. Viktor issued "Dixie Jass Band One-Step" and "Livery Stable Blues" by The Dixie Jass Band.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.D5)(MC, 3/5/02)

1917        Apr 1, Scott Joplin (48), ragtime composer (Sting), died.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1917        Apr 25, Ella Fitzgerald (d.1996), jazz singer, was born. [see Apr 25, 1918]
    (HN, 4/25/02)

1917        Oct 10, Thelonious Monk (d.1982), jazz pianist and composer, was born. He eventually moved to New York City where he played at various nightclubs throughout the 40s. He began recording more in the 1950s, usually with small groups, gaining more notoriety, but his musical influence on his fellow musicians was already considerable, including such jazz artists as George Russell and Randy Weston. Jazz pianist and prolific composer Thelonious Monk, one of the early bebop musicians of the 1940s, stopped touring and recording in the early 70s, leaving such jazz standards as "Straight, No Chaser" and " ‘Round Midnight."
    (HNQ, 2/28/01)

1917        Oct 21, Dizzy Gillespie, jazz trumpeter, famous for Night in Tunisia and Blue ‘n’ Boogie, was born.
    (HN, 10/21/98)

1917        John Lee Hooker (d.2001), blues musician, was born in Clarksdale.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.A1)
1917        The SF Chronicle first mentioned the word jazz as a music form when the Techau Tavern at Eddy and Powell started advertising a jazz program.
    (SSFC, 10/18/15, p.F2)
1917        A recording by Sophie Tucker of  W.C. Handy's "The Saint Louis Blues" sold a million copies.
    (ON, 1/03, p.9)

1917-1924    This period, titled "The Gift," was covered in the 2nd episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1918        Apr 25, Ella Fitzgerald (d.1996), jazz singer, was born. She became known as the ‘First Lady of Song.’ [see Apr 25, 1917]
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A1)(SFC, 4/26/97, p.A5)

1918        Dec 12, Singer Joe Williams (d.1999) was born as Joseph Goreed in Cordele, Ga.
    (SFC, 3/31/99, p.C2)

1918        Hank Jones, jazz pianist, was born. Elvin and Thad Jones were his younger brothers.
    (WSJ, 8/27/03, p.D12)

1918        The Dixie Jass Band renamed itself to "The Original Dixieland Jazz Band" and recorded sessions with Viktor that produced "Tiger Rag" and "Jazz Me Blues."
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.D5)

1919        Oct 11, Art Blakey, jazz drummer, was born.
    (HN, 10/11/00)

1919        Louis Armstrong joined the Fate Marable band on a riverboat. His finest recordings include "West End Blues" and "Potato Head Blues."
    (WSJ, 1/3/95, p. 8)(WSJ, 6/03/97, p.A20)

1919-1965    Nat King Cole, popular singer, began his career as a pianist in a jazz combo. He established int’l. fame as a singer of ballads. His biography was made into a TV feature shown in 1998.
    (SFC, 2/2/98, p.D7)

1920        Apr 8, Carmen McRae, jazz vocalist and pianist, was born.
    (HN, 4/8/01)

1920        May 3, John Lewis, jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 5/3/01)

1920        May 23, Helen O'Connell, big band vocalist, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)

1920        May 26, Peggy Lee (d.2002), jazz singer, was born in Jamestown, ND, as Norma Dolores Egstrom.
    (HN, 5/26/01)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A2)

1920        Aug 10, The first blues recording by a black singer was recorded by Mamie Smith and Her Jazz Hounds. “Crazy Blues" was composed by Perry Bradford, a black songwriter, bandleader, and promoter who had moved from Alabama to New York.

1920        Aug 29, Charlie "Bird" Parker, self-taught jazz saxophonist, pioneer of the new "cool" movement, was born.
    (HN, 8/29/98)

1920        Dec 6, Dave Brubeck, jazz pianist and composer, was born.
    (HN, 12/6/00)

1920        Marian McPartland, jazz pianist, was born in Windsor, England.
    (WSJ, 6/1/00, p.A20)

1920        Artie Shaw, jazz clarinetist and writer, was born as Avram Isaac Arshawsky.
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W14)

1920-1955    Charlie Parker, aka "Bird," jazz saxophonist and composer.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1049)

1920s        Eubie Blake, pianist-composer-raconteur, had years of fame. He lived to be 100 and often used the term "shout" to describe stride piano style.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16)

1920s-1950s    Louis Armstrong recorded with Decca. The album "Highlights From Louis Armstrong's Decca Years" resulted.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1921        Mar, San Francisco police closed down Sid Purcell’s So Different Club, a 20-cents-a-dance joint with upstairs bedrooms, located at 520 Pacific St. Louis Sidney Le Protti (1886-1958) and his So Different Orchestra had been playing jazz there since the club opened after the 1906 earthquake.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.D7)(SFC, 9/30/17, p.C1)

1921        Jul 21, Billy Taylor, jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 7/21/02)

1922        Feb 11, "April Showers" by Al Jolson hit #1.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1922        Mar 24, The New Orleans school board said that it has decided that jazz music and jazz dancing would be abolished in the public schools. The order was rescinded in 2022.
    (SFC, 3/30/22, p.A9)

1922        Apr 22, Charles Mingus (d.1979), jazz bassist, was born.
    (HN, 4/22/01)

1922        Nov 7, Al Hirt, jazz trumpeter, was born in New Orleans, La.
    (MC, 11/7/01)

1922        Louis Armstrong left New Orleans and moved to Chicago.
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 1/26/98, p.A16)

c1922        Saxophonist Benny Carter began playing with Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway at age 15. Ellington’s band was the Cotton Club Orchestra. His drummer up to the 1940s was Sonny Greer.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.B2)(SFEM, 10/5/97, p.9)

1922        Fats Waller recorded "Muscle Shoals Blues" and "Birmingham Blues" for Okeh Records. They named his tunes with southern names and called them blues to attract black record buyers.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16)

1923        Feb 16, Bessie Smith (1898-1937) made her first recording "Down Hearted Blues." Her recording was included by the National Recording Preservation Board in the Library of Congress' National Recording Registry in 2002.

1923        Apr 23, Ernesto "Tito" Puente, Latin jazz bandleader, was born at Harlem Hospital.
    (HN, 4/20/98)(SFEM, 10/3/99, p.32)(SFC, 6/2/00, p.D2)

1923        Apr 25, Albert King, blues singer/guitar (Bad Look Blues), was born in Mississippi.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1923        Louis Armstrong recorded with the King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band: "King Oliver and His Creole Jazz Band" on the Smithsonian label.
    (WSJ, 1/3/95, p. 8)(SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1923        Fletcher Henderson started his own orchestra, which included trumpeter Louis Armstrong. He later achieved fame as an arranger for Benny Goodman.
    (AH, 4/01, p.25)   

1923        Jelly Roll Morton worked his way into the Chicago music scene and recorded his ragtime-blues-Latin-jazz piano style on records.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16)

1923        Darius Milhaud premiered "La Creation du Monde" (the Creation of the World) with 19 members of the Orchestre du Theatre du Champs-Elyssees. Fernand Leger designed the décor and costumes. The jazz age ballet was created by Milhaud, Blaise Cendrars and Jean Borlin.
    (SFEM, 6/9/96, p.32)(SSFC, 1/7/01, p.T8)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.90)

1923-1924    The "Louis Armstrong and King Oliver" albums were recorded on Milestone Records.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1923-1934    "Louis Armstrong: Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" is a 4 CD or cassette set by the Smithsonian Institution Press/Columbia Legacy.
    (WSJ, 1/26/98, p.A16)

1923-1925    George Antheil composed his "Jazz Symphony."
    (WSJ, 6/16/98, p.A17)

1924        Jan 22, J.J. Johnson, composer, jazz trombonist, was born.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1924        Feb 12, George Gershwin’s groundbreaking symphonic jazz composition “Rhapsody in Blue" premiered at Carnegie Hall with Gershwin himself playing the piano with Paul Whiteman’s orchestra.
    (AP, 2/12/98)(HN, 2/12/01)(MC, 2/12/02)

1924        Mar 27, Sarah Vaughan, 'the Divine One,' jazz singer, was born. She was famous for singing "What a Difference a Day Makes."
    (HN, 3/27/99)

1924        Aug 29, Dinah Washington (d.1963), singer, was born as Ruth Jones in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. She was known in the 50s as "Queen of the Harlem Blues."
    (HN, 8/29/00)(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M1)

1924        Sep 27, Bud Powell, jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 9/27/00)

1924        Teddy Edwards, tenor sax player, was born. He did "Me and My Lover."
    (440 Int’l. internet, 4/26/97, p.1)

1924-1928    This period, titled "Our Language," was covered in the 3rd episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1925        Feb 26, James Moody, US jazz saxophonist, orchestra leader, was born.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1925        May, Lee Morse (1897-1954), US jazz and blues singer and songwriter, recorded her hit song Ukulele Lady. Her most popular years were in the 1920s and early 1930s, although her career began around 1917 and continued until her death.

1925        Jul 17, Jimmy Scott, jazz singer, was born in Cleveland.
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.14)

1925        Sep 15, Blues musician B. B.  ("Blues Boy")  King was born. In the mid-1950s, while King was performing in Twist, Arkansas, some audience members got into a fight over a woman named Lucille. They knocked over a kerosene stove and set the place on fire. Everybody ran outside...but when King realized he left his guitar inside, he rushed back to retrieve it. From then on, King named all his guitars "Lucille." [see Sep 16]
    (MC, 9/15/01)

1925        Sep 16, Charlie Byrd, jazz guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/00)
1925        Sep 16, B.B. King (Benny King), blues great famous for "Why I Sing the Blues" and "Stand By Me," was born. [see Sep 15]
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1925        Nov 11, Louis Armstrong recorded 1st of Hot Five & Hot Seven recordings. [see Nov 12]
    (MC, 11/11/01)

1925        Nov 12, The first recording of Louis Armstrong's "Hot Fives" was made. [see Nov 11]
    (WSJ, 1/14/00, p.W2)

1925        Bennie Moten recorded "Kater Street Rag." It’s featured on "The Real Kansas City of the ‘20’s, ‘30’s and ‘40’s" on the Columbia Legacy label.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)

1925        Bessy Smith recorded "The Empress" with Louis Armstrong.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1925-1927    The albums "Louis Armstrong, the Hot Fives and Sevens, Vol. 1-3" were recorded on Columbia Legacy..
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1926        May 25, Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter, was born in Alton, IL. He is considered the prophet of the "cool" school. His albums included The Birth of Cool and Miles Ahead.
    (HN, 5/25/99)(SC, 5/25/02)

1926        Sep 23, John Coltrane (d.1967), influential jazz saxophonist, was born in North Carolina. He greatly influenced jazz from the `60s to the present day despite his untimely. He moved to Philadelphia after high school where he studied music and later worked with Dizzy Gillespie, Johnny Hodges and others.

1926        Oct 13, Ray Brown (d.2002), jazz bass player, was born in Pittsburgh.
    (HN, 10/13/00)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)

1926        Dec 11, Willie "Big Mama" Thorton, blues singer, was born.
    (HN, 12/11/98)

1927        Feb 2, Stan Getz, jazz saxophonist, was born in Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)

1927        Apr 6, Gerry Mulligan, jazz saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 4/6/01)

1927        Apr, Blind Lemon Jefferson recorded Match Box Blues in Chicago on Okey Records.

1927        Sep 9, Elvin Jones (d.2004), jazz drummer, was born in Pontiac, Mich.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, DB p.44)(SFC, 5/20/04, p.B8)

1927        Sep 27,  Red Rodney, trumpeter, was born.
    (HN, 9/27/00)

1927        Dec 4, Duke Ellington opened at the Cotton Club in Harlem.
    (MC, 12/4/01)

1927        Dec, In Nashville, Ten., after harmonica wizard DeFord Bailey played his "Pan American Blues," WSM Announcer Judge Hay got the idea to change the name of the show from the "Barn Dance" to the "Grand Ole Opry."

1927        Lee Konitz, saxophonist, was born in Chicago. He later claimed to have invented the "cool movement" in jazz.
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.10)

1927        Jack Teagarden, a young white Texan jazz trombone player, arrived in New York.
    (WSJ, 4/9/99, p.W12)

1927        The Duke Ellington Band recorded "Creole Love Song" and "Black and Tan Fantasie" on its first Viktor record.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.C5)

1927        "Stardust" by Hoagy Carmichael was first waxed on the Gennett label in Richmond, Ind.
    (SFEC, 7/25/99, BR p.5)

1927-1934    The albums "Early Ellington" (Bluebird) and Duke Ellington" (BBC) cover these years.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.33)

1927-1973    A 1999 24-CD "Duke Ellington Centennial Edition: The Complete RCA Victor Recordings" was co-produced by Orrin Keepnews and Steven Lasker.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.34)

1928        Mar 1, Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1928        May 4, Maynard Ferguson, jazz trumpeter (Roulette), was born in Verdun, Quebec.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1928        Jul 31, Horace Silver, jazz pianist, composer and bandleader, was born.
    (HN, 7/31/01)

1928        Sep 9, Julian E "Cannonball" Adderley (d.1975), US, jazz musician (Black Messiah), was born. Adderley was a member of the Miles Davis ensemble of the 1950s, and in the 1960s scored a hit of his own with 'Mercy, Mercy, Mercy'.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1928        Dec 28, The last recording of Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues," was made.
    (MC, 12/28/01)
1928        Dec 28, Louis Armstrong made 78 rpm recording of "West End blues."
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1928        Leroy Vinegar, last jazz bassist, was born in Indianapolis.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A21)

1928        The album "Vol 4, Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines" was recorded on Columbia Legacy. Also this year Armstrong dropped his word sheet during a vocal of "Heebie Jeebies" and improvised. This was later claimed to mark the beginning of scat singing.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)(SFC, 7/4/98, p.E3)

1928        Bix Beiderbecke and His Gang recorded "Thou Swell." Books about Bix were later authored by Richard Sudhalter, Ralph Berton and Burnett James.
    (SFEM, 1/16/00, p.6)

1928        Benny Carter, alto saxophonist, began recording.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96,p.A9)

1928        Ma Rainey recorded "Prove It on Me Blues."
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, BR p.1)

1928-1931    Fats Waller wrote "Honeysuckle Rose," "Ain’t Misbehavin," "Crazy ‘Bout My Baby," "Handful of Keys," "Sweet Savannah Sue," "I’ve Got A Feeling I’m Falling," and "Minor Drag."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16)

1928-1935    This period, titled "The True Welcome," was covered in the 4th episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1929        Aug 16, Bill Evans (d.1980), jazz pianist, was born. [see Aug 28]
    (HN, 8/16/00)

1929        Aug 28, Bill Evans (d.1980), pianist, was born in Plainfield, N.J. [see Aug 16]
    (WSJ, 8/28/98, p.W7)

1929        Oct 16, Etta Jones (d.2001 at 72), jazz vocalist, was born in Aiken, SC.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A21)

1929        The 19-minute film “Black and Tan" featured Duke Ellington and his Cotton Club Orchestra.
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.E3)

1929        Avedis Zildjian III of Constantinople, moved the family cymbal business to Massachusetts. He took a suggestion from Jo Jones, drummer for Count Basie, and mounted cymbals on a pole creating the "hi-hat." Another idea from Gene Kruppa, drummer for Benny Goodman, led to a big cymbal with a lot of ping called a "ride."
    (WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B1)

1929-1930    Louis Armstrong recorded "Vol.6 St. Louis Blues" on Columbia Legacy.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1930        Mar 9, Ornette Coleman, jazz saxophonist, was born. [see Mar 19]
    (HN, 3/9/01)

1930        Mar 19, Ornette Coleman was born in Fort Worth Texas and was an early proponent of ‘free form jazz.‘ Having taught himself to play the saxophone and read music by age 14, Coleman moved to Los Angeles and met like-minded musicians in the early ‘50s. His debut album in 1959, Something Else! introduced his atonal interpretation of jazz, one free of traditional tonal structure, which he terms ‘harmolodic.‘ Many listeners and critics have termed it ‘anarchy.‘ Coleman has continued to be an influential if controversial figure in jazz, now producing albums under his own label (Harmolodic, Inc.) as well as soundtracks for films. [see Mar 9]
    (HNQ, 10/19/00)

1930        Mar 21, Otis Spann, blues singer, was born in Jackson, Miss.
    (WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A20)

1930        Sep 7, Sonny Rollins, saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 9/7/00)

1930        Sep 23, Ray Charles, rhythm 'n' blues piano player and singer best known for "Hit the Road Jack" and "Georgia on My Mind," was born.
    (HN, 9/23/98)

1930        Oct 14, Robert Parker, US saxophonist  and soul singer (Barefootin'), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1930        Tommy Flanagan, jazz pianist, was born in Detroit.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.9)

1930        John O. Williams (1905-1996), jazz saxophonist and composer, wrote "Froggy Bottom." It was used in the 1996 score for the film "Kansas City."
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.D2)

1930        Duke Ellington brought his band to Hollywood to film "Check and Double Check." His sidemen Barney Bigard and Juan Tizol were though to be too light and had to blacken up their faces for the film.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, BR p.8)

1930s        The Kansas City style began as a mix of ragtime, marching band and minstrel music.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F1)

1930s        Bennie Moten plucked Bassie from Page’s Oklahoma City based Blue Devils.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)

1930s        Jo Jones in Bennie Moten’s band in Kansas City modernized jazz drumming by shifting the basic pulse from the bass drum to the high-hat cymbal. "As the rhythm section Jones, pianist Bassie and bassist Walter Page played with a loose propulsion that became the model of modern swing." The nucleus of Moten’s band became the Basie band a few years later.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F1)

1930s-1940s    Roy DeCarava, photographer, documented Harlem and its associated Renaissance in art and culture. His work included photographs of many notable jazz artists.
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.6)

1931        Mar 3, Cab Calloway and his Orchestra recorded "Minnie the Moocher" on Brunswick Records. It was the first recording of the famous bandleader's theme song. The song was featured prominently in the motion picture, "The Blues Brothers" (1980), starring John Belushi and Dan Ackroyd.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)

1931        Aug 7, Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke (29), jazz cornetist (In Mist), died. In 1974 Richard M. Sudhalter authored "Bix: Man and Legend."
    (WSJ, 6/13/03, p.W12)(MC, 8/7/02)

1932        Fletcher Henderson scored a major hit with Jelly Roll Morton's "King Porter Stomp."
    (SFC, 5/24/03, p.D3)

1932        Ben Webster, tenor sax player, recorded with the band of Bennie Moten that included Count Basie.
    (WSJ, 3/2019/98, p.W6)

1932-1947    Louis Armstrong recorded for RCA Victor and the records "The Complete RCA Victor Recordings" resulted.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1933        Aug 25, Wayne Shorter, jazz saxophonist and composer, was born.
    (HN, 8/25/00)

1933        Stephane Grappelli, jazz violinist, and Django Reinhardt, Gypsy guitarist, began playing with bassist Louis Vola at the Hotel Claridges in Paris and went on to form formed the Hot Club Quintet.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)

1933        The album "Duke Ellington and His Orchestra 1933" was made on the Classics label.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.33)

1933        Art Tatum made his first piano recordings.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C5)

1934        Mar 2, Doug Watkins jazz musician (bass: Pepper-Knepper Quintet, Hank Mobley Quartet, Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers), was born.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)

1934        May 12, "Cocktails For Two" by Duke Ellington hit #1.
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1934        Nov 21, Cole Porter's musical "Anything Goes" premiered at New York's Alvin Theatre.
    (HN, 11/21/00)

1934        Dec, The Benny Goodman band started playing on the radio show "Let’s Dance."
    (AH, 4/01, p.26)

1934        In Hollywood, Ca., Ina Ray Hutton formed her first all-female jazz orchestra, Ina Ray Hutton and Her Melodears.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.E2)
1934        In Kansas City a tenor battle was held where 3 Kansas City players (Herschel Evans, Ben Webster and Lester Young) jousted with Coleman Hawkins.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)

1934        Louis Armstrong took his band to Paris, France.
    (WSJ, 1/3/95, p. 8)

1934        Benny Carter first heard Ella Fitzgerald sing at the Apollo Theater amateur night.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1934        Harry "Sweets" Edison (18), trumpeter, joined the Count Basie Orchestra. Lester Young later dubbed him "Sweets" for the pleasing tone of his horn.
    (SFC, 7/29/99, p.C4)

1935        Oct 10, Porgy and Bess debuted at the Alvin Theater in New York City. George Gershwin composed the music based on a 1925 novel by Dubose Heyward.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.4)

1935         In Kansas City Count Basie formed a band that included Jo Jones, Walter Page and others.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C5)

1935        Duke Ellington recorded "Reminiscing in Tempo," a 14 minute work on 4 sides of 78 rpm records.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.18)

1935        Ella Fitzgerald joined drummer Chick Webb’s band.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1935        Red Norvo, xylophone player, joined the Paul Whiteman Orchestra where he met singer Mildred Bailey, whom he later married.
    (SFC, 4/8/99, p.C5)

1935        The Hammond organ was introduced and became a low-cost alternative to the pipe organ. The last Hammond B-3 was made in 1975.
    (WSJ, 1/7/02, p.A16)

1935-1937    This period, titled "Swing, Pure Pleasure," was covered in the 5th episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1936        Mar 8, Gabor Szabo, Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1936        Bennie Goodman added Lionel Hampton (1908-2002) to his trio that included pianist Teddy Wilson and drummer Gene Krupa. Their performance together helped break the color barrier that kept black and white musicians apart.
    (AH, 4/01, p.25)(SSFC, 9/1/02, p.A1)

1936        Milt Hinton, bassist, joined the Cab Calloway band and stayed for 15 years.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.D9)

1936        Woody Herman started a co-operative blues band with decisions made by committee.
    (WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A14)        

1936        Lester Young joined Count Basie’s orchestra in Kansas City. He recorded "Lady Be Good" with a Basie quintet.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.B3)

1936        The first annual reader’s poll in Down Beat Magazine put Benny Carter among the top alto sax players.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96,p.A9)

1936        Basie’s small group recorded "Lady Be Good."
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)

1936-1939    Theodore McRae played the saxophone and served as arranger and musical director with the Chick Webb band.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F4)

1937        Lionel Hampton wrote "Flying Home." It became a hit in 1942 propelled by a tenor sax solo by Illinois Jacquet.
    (SSFC, 9/1/02, p.A27)

1937        Theodore McRae wrote "You Showed Me the Way" with Ella Fitzgerald, Bud Green and Chick Web.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F4)

1937        Sep 26, Bessie Smith, known as the ‘Empress of the Blues,’ died in a car crash on Highway 61 near Clarksdale, Mississippi.
    (HN, 9/26/00)(HT, 5/97, p.40)

1937        Charlie Haden, bassist, was born.
    (WSJ, 12/18/01, p.A14)

1937        Bass Player Beverly Peer (1913-1997) joined the Chick Webb Orchestra. He played behind Ella Fitzgerald on all her early hits.
    (SFC, 1/27/97, p.A20)

1937-1939    This period, titled "Swing, The Velocity of Celebration," was covered in the 6th episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1937-1945    Jazz sessions featuring Django Reinhardt were recorded and later made available as a 3-disk set titled "Django With His American Friends" on DRG Records. Included performers are Rex Stewart (author of "Boy Meets Horn") on cornet, Frankie "Big Boy" Goodie on tenor sax, Bill Coleman on trumpet, Coleman Hawkins, Benny Carter, Dicky Wells and Eddie South.
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)

1938        Jan 16, The Benny Goodman Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert featured an outstanding solo by saxophonist Lester Young. Goodman performed at Carnegie Hall along with Count Basie, Harry James, Lester Young, Gene Krupa, Johnny Hodges, Lionel Hampton and 17 others. The concert was recorded and in 2000 Columbia issued a remastered edition of the performance.
    (WSJ, 8/29/96, A11)(WSJ, 1/12/00, p.A20)   

1938        Aug 16, Robert Johnson (27), bluesman, musician and king of the Mississippi Delta blues, died 3 days after ingesting whiskey laced with poison (probably strychnine). He has 2 grave sites around Morgan City. Columbia Records issued the first Robert Johnson LP in 1961 titled "King of the Delta Blues Singers" and "Robert Johnson: The Complete Recordings" in 1990. His music is on "The Complete Plantation Recordings" (Chess/MCA). Peter Guralnick later wrote his biography. His tunes included "Love in Vain," "Cross Road Blues" and "Ramblin on My Mind." In 1998 the video documentary "Can’t You Hear the Wind Howl? The Life and Music of Robert Johnson" was released. In 1999 Robert Mugge premiered his film "Hellhounds On My Trail: The Afterlife of Robert Johnson."
    (HT, 5/97, p.41)(NH, 9/96, p.54)(HT, 5/97, p.41)(SFC, 9/23/98, p.E3)(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.W12)(SFEM, 9/26/99, p.12)

1938        Dec 23, John Hammond produced a Carnegie Hall concert titled "From Spirituals to Swing."
    (WSJ, 11/5/99, p.W11)

1938        Ella Fitzgerald recorded her hit song "A Tisket A Tasket."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1938        Harry James, trumpeter, heard Frank Sinatra sing and hired him for $75 per week.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.E7)

1938        Theodore McRae had a hit with "Back Bay Shuffle" which he wrote with Artie Shaw.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F4)

1938        Artie Shaw (28), jazz clarinetist, recorded "Begin the Beguine."
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W14)

1938        Jazz composer Billy Strayhorn met Duke Ellington, who hired him on the spot.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, DB, p.52)

1938        Alan Lomax invited Jelly Roll Morton (1885-1941) to record music and memories at the Library of Congress. In 2005 Rounder Records published a complete, 9-hour set of the recordings on 7 CDs plus an additional CD of Lomax interviews with contemporaries of Morton.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.79)

1939        Jan 6, Alfred Lion recorded his first Blue Note session with boogie-woogie and blues pianists Albert Ammons and Meade Lux Lewis. He had just founded the jazz label in New York. He was later joined by his Berlin friend and photographer Francis Wolff.
    (WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)

1939        Aug, Charlie Christian joined the Benny Goodman band and put the electric guitar in the front line for the 1st time.
    (WSJ, 10/4/02, p.W13)

1939        Oct 2, The Benny Goodman Sextet recorded "Flying Home."
    (AP, 10/2/99)

1939        Dec 24, John Hammond produced a 2nd Carnegie Hall Jazz concert that was a panorama of black heritage. Selections from the 1938 & 1939 concerts were issued in 1959, 1987 and a CD set in 1999.
    (WSJ, 11/5/99, p.W11)

1939        McCoy Tyner, pianist, was born.
    (SFC, 1/15/98, p.E1)

1939        Charles Edward Smith authored “Jazzmen."
    (WSJ, 5/17/06, p.D14)

1939        Mario Bauza, Cuban oboist, joined the Cab Calloway band as a trumpet player.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, DB p.39)

1939        Jimmy Blanton (19) played bass with the Duke Ellington band. Blanton revolutionized the string bass and died of TB at age 22.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.33)

1939        Trumpeter Legh Knowles (d.1997) joined the Glenn Miller Band. He went on to record 123 records with the band including tunes such as: "In the Mood," "Moonlight Serenade," and "Tuxedo Junction."
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, p.D8)

1938        Theodore McRae had a hit with "Traffic Jam" which he wrote with Artie Shaw.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F4)

1939        John Williams, saxophonist, led the Andy Kirk band, the Clouds of Joy.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.D2)

1939        Gerald Wilson, bandleader, composer and arranger, replaced Cy Oliver in the Jimmy Lunceford Band. He was the band arranger for 3 years.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.14)

1939        The Decca 78 rpm album: Blues Sung by Teddy Grace was released. It featured trombonist Sonny Lee, Charlie Shavers on trumpet, and Billy Kyle on piano.
    (WSJ, 4/11/96, p.A-16)

1939        Drummer Chick Webb died. His band became "Ella Fitzgerald and her orchestra."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1940        Feb 5, Glenn Miller and his orchestra recorded "Tuxedo Junction" for RCA Victor's "Bluebird" label.
    (AP, 2/5/99)

1940        Feb 10, "In The Mood" by Glenn Miller hit #1.
    (MC, 2/10/02)

1940        Feb, George Avakian, jazz aficionado, was hired by Columbia records to research Columbia jazz masters and assemble a series of albums. His efforts produced the "Hot Jazz Classics," a cornerstone of the basic jazz canon.
    (WSJ, 6/03/97, p.A20)

1940        Mar 3, Artie Shaw and his orchestra recorded "Frenesi" for RCA Victor.
    (AP, 3/3/98)

1940        Sep 3, Artie Shaw and his Gramercy Five recorded "Summit Ridge Drive," "Special Delivery Stomp," "Keepin' Myself for You" and "Cross Your Heart" in Hollywood for RCA Victor.
    (AP, 9/3/98)

1940        Oct 7, Artie Shaw and his Orchestra recorded Hoagy Carmichael's "Stardust" for RCA Victor.
    (AP, 10/7/97)

1940        The Afro-Cubans Latin jazz band, formed by Mario Bauza and Frank Grillo, a vocalist known as Machito, made its debut bear Spanish Harlem.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, DB p.39)

1940        Ben Webster recorded "Cottontail" and "All Too Soon" with the Duke Ellington band.
    (WSJ, 3/2019/98, p.W6)

1940-1941    Rehearsal sessions of Benny Goodman were recorded and released as a CD titled Benny Goodman: "The Rehearsal Session 1940-1941" (Jazz Unlimited).

1940-1945    This period, titled "Dedicated to Chaos," was covered in the 7th episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1941        Feb 15, Duke Ellington 1st recorded "Take the A Train."
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1941        May 7, Glenn Miller and His Orchestra recorded "Chattanooga Choo Choo" for RCA Victor. It became the first gold record in history.
    (AP, 5/7/99)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A23)

1941        Jul 10, Jelly Roll Morton (b.1885 as Ferdinand Joseph Le Menthe), jazz musician, died in Los Angeles, Ca. He was a virtuoso pianist, bandleader and composer who some call the first true composer of jazz music. Morton was a colorful character who liked to generate publicity for himself by bragging. His business card referred to him as the "Creator of Jazz and Swing."  He was born September 20, 1890 in the Creole of Color community in the Faubourg Marigny neighborhood of downtown New Orleans, Louisiana. He took the name "Morton" by Anglicizing the name of his step-father, Mouton. In 2003 Howard Reich and William Gaines authored "Jelly's Blues: The Life, Music and Redemption of Jelly Roll Morton." In 2005 Rounder Records released an 8-CD set titled “Jelly Roll Morton: The Complete Library of Congress Recordings by Alan Lomax."
    (SFC, 5/24/03, p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jelly_Roll_Morton)(WSJ, 11/23/05, p.D12)

1941        Aug 31, Alan Lomax, musicologist for the US Library of Vongress, traveled to Mississippi, introduced himself to McKinley Morganfield, aka Muddy Waters, and began recording his Delta Blues songs.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.4)

1941        Alex Kramer (d.1998 at 94) and his wife, Joan Whitney, wrote the song  "High On a Windy Hill," which began a No. 1 hit for Jimmy Dorsey. The Canadian-born songwriter wrote most of his 125 songs with his wife.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.B8)

1941        Gene Kruppa, jazz drummer, hired Anita O'Day (1919-2006) as his vocalist.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A21)(SFC, 11/24/06, p.A1)

1941        Jimmy Rowles worked for the first time with Billy Holiday and then with Ben Webster.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)

1941        Jay McShann made a hit with "Hootoe's Blues."
    (SFC, 1/6/04, p.D7)
1941        Jay McShann recorded "Swingmatism."
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)

1941        Chuck Wayne joined the Clarence Profit Trio in Greenwich Village.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1941-1952    Jonah Jones (d.2000 at 91), trumpeter, played with the Cab Calloway band. His albums included "I Dig Chicks" (1959).
    (SFC, 5/10/00, p.C5)

1942        Jan 21, Count Basie and His Orchestra recorded "One O'clock Jump" in New York City for Okeh Records.
    (AP, 1/21/98)

1942        Feb 19, Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah."
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1942        Mar 2, Lou Reed [Louis Firbank], vocalist, guitarist (Walk on the Wild Side, Velvet Underground), was born in Freeport, NY.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1942        Apr 2,    Glenn Miller and his orchestra recorded "American Patrol" at the RCA Victor studios in Hollywood.
    (AP, 4/2/97)

1942        Jul 12, Richard Stoltzman, classical and jazz clarinetist (Tashi), was born in Omaha, Nebraska.

1942        Jul 27, Benny Goodman and his Orchestra and vocalist Peggy Lee recorded "Why Don't You Do Right" in New York for Columbia Records.
    (AP, 7/27/02)

1942        Jul 31, At midnight the record studios fell silent in a struggle with James Caesar Petrillo (d.1984), head of the American Federation of Musicians. Petrillo insisted that the record industry pay a ¼ to ¾ cent royalty to the musicians union. Decca signed an agreement in Aug, 1943, and Columbia and Victor surrendered Nov 11, 1944.
    (WSJ, 7/31/02, p.D10)

1942        Norma Teagarden joined her brother Jack’s big band and later played in the bands of Ben Pollack and Ada Leonard.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)

1942        John Williams, saxophonist, began playing with Cootie Williams.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.D2)

1942        Charlie Christian (25), jazz electric guitarist, died of tuberculosis. In 2002 a four-CD set was released titled: "Charlie Christian: The Genius of the Electric Guitar."
    (WSJ, 10/4/02, p.W13)

1943        Jan 23, In Mississippi Muddy Waters received two copies of “Country Blues," recorded by Alan Lomax for the Library of Congress, along with a check for $20.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.5)

1943        Jan, Singer Betty Roche (d.1999 at 81) joined the Duke Ellington band. She replaced Ivie Anderson just before Ellington's first Carnegie Hall concert.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A20)

1943        Jan, Duke Ellington led the debut of "Black, Brown and Beige," his 44-minute piece for jazz orchestra at Carnegie Hall in a Russian War Relief effort headed by Harriet Moore, a communist sympathizer. One vocal piece called "The Blues" was featured. It was conceived as an opera and the music was based on a narrative poem he had written about a mythical African named Boola.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.E1)(SFC, 7/8/97, p.B3)

1943        Mar 2, George Benson, jazz, blues guitarist (Breezin', This Masquerade), was born.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1943          Dec 15, Thomas "Fats" Waller (39), US jazz stride piano artist (Hot Chocolate), died in Kansas City, Mo. Guitarist Al Casey performed with Waller for 10 years prior to WW II.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16,18)

1943        The film "Reveille With Beverly" starred Frank Sinatra and the Duke Ellington Orchestra.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.E6)(WSJ, 6/18/03, p.D14)

1943        Ruben Gonzalez, pianist, joined the Arsenio Rodriguez band. This band reconfigured traditional Afro-Cuban son septets and sextets into a conjunto with a 4-trumpet horn section and piano and congas in the rhythm section.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.32)

1943        Jimmy Rowles worked with Woody Herman and then went into the Army.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)
1943        Ralph Burns joined Woody Herman as pianist and arranger.
    (SFC, 12/3/01, p.A17)

1943        Stan Getz at age 15 went on the road with Jack Teagarden’s band.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.E5)

1943        Kermit Scott (d.2002), sax player, joined the Earl Hines orchestra. He left after 3 years.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A21)

1943-1944    Gerald Wilson worked with Willie Smith's Navy Band.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.14)

1943-1996    Bobby Enriquez, the Wild Man of Mindanao, was known for his fast fingerwork and style of attacking the piano. In the Philippines he was hailed as the "Ambassador of Jazz."
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A20)

1944        Nov 14, Tommy Dorsey and Orchestra recorded "Opus No. 1" for RCA Victor.
    (AP, 11/14/97)

1944        Nov, Glenn Miller’s Army band recorded a number of songs in German that were designed to be played for enemy consumption only, "allied propaganda with a clarinet lead."
    (WSJ, 10/24/96, p.A16)

1944        Dec 15, Bandleader Glenn Miller, a US Army major,  was lost in a single-engine plane flight over the English Channel en route to Paris. His music included “Kalamazoo," “Chattanooga Choo Choo," “Tuxedo Junction," and “In the Mood." Trombonist Glenn Miller boarded a single-engine C-64 Norseman in England for a flight to France, where he was to make arrangements for a Christmas broadcast. The plane never reached France and no trace of it or its occupants was ever found. Iowa-born Glenn Miller became a professional musician after graduating from high school. By the time he volunteered for military service in 1942, the Glenn Miller Orchestra was world famous and had appeared in two motion pictures. Miller persuaded the U.S. Army to accept his service to "put a little more spring into the feet of our marching men and a little more joy into their hearts." For the next 18 months, Miller's 50-member band stayed busy with morale-building concerts and radio broadcasts. No cause has ever been established for the loss of Miller's aircraft, but the Norseman did not have de-icing equipment on board and it is likely that icy weather forced the plane down in the English Channel.
    (WSJ, 10/24/96, p.A16)(SFC, 1/7/97, p.A18)(AP, 12/15/97)(HNPD, 12/15/98)

1944        Rehearsal sessions of Art Tatum, piano giant, was to be released on CD in 1996 by Smithsonian Folkways.
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-12)

1944        Flip Phillips, tenor saxophonist (29), joined Woody Herman’s First Herd.
    (SFC, 8/20/01, p.A15)

1944        Milt Jackson set up a jazz quartet called the Four Sharps in Detroit right after his release from the Army. His nickname, Bags, was acquired from a drinking binge following his release.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

1945        May 8, Keith Jarrett, jazz musician, film composer (Nachtfahrer), was born in Allentown, Pa. http://www.ecmrecords.com/ecm/bio/47.html
    (MC, 5/8/02)

1945        Jun 4, Anthony Braxton, jazz composer and saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 6/4/01)

1945        The 18-minute film “Caldonia" featured saxophonist and band leader Louis Jordan.
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.E3)

1945        Hadda Brooks (d. 2002 at 86) sang the hit "Swingin’ With the Boogie," her 1st record.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A19)

1945        Ella Fitzgerald recorded "Flying Home." It was the first recording to included scat singing.
    (SFC, 6/5/99, p.B3)

1945        Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker recorded dazzling improvisations on cuts for Guild that included "Dizzy Atmosphere" and "All the Things You Are."
    (SFC, 8/24/98, p.B1)

1945        Dizzy Gillespie called on Milt Jackson to join him in New York.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

1945        Don Lamond (d.2003 at 82), jazz drummer, joined Woody Herman's Herd replacing Dave Tough. The 1st Herd band broke up in 1946. A 2nd Herd dissolved in 1949.
    (SFC, 12/26/03, p.A24)

1945        Jazz pianist Bud Powell experienced a brutal police beating.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, DB p.42)

1945        Anita O'Day did a 2nd stint with the Gene Krupa band.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A21)

1945-1946    Kay Starr recorded with Barney Bigard. In 1999 Baldwin Street Music released "Kay Starr With Barney Bigard: The Complete Lamplighter Recordings 1945-1946."
    (WSJ, 9/10/99, p.W6)

1945-1956    This period, titled "Risk," was covered in the 8th episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1946        Barry Ulanov (d.2000 at 82) authored "Duke Ellington," the 1st such biography.
    (SFC, 5/8/00, p.A21)

1946        The film "Jivin’ in Be-Bop" featured Dizzie Gillespie and Ray Brown.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)

1946        Teddy Edwards (d.2003 at 78) recorded the 1st bop solo for tenor sax with Howard McGhee's ensemble's recording of "Up in Dodo's Room."
    (SFC, 4/24/03, A21)

1946        Muddy Waters began working regularly at clubs in Chicago playing an amplified electric guitar and local strudios began recording his songs.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.6)

1946        In NYC the Gillespie band with Milt Jackson recorded "A Night in Tunisia," "Anthropology," and "Two Base Hit."
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

1946        Al Hirt (1922-1999), trumpet player, began his professional career as a member of the Benny Goodman Orchestra.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.C4)

1946        Jimmy Rowles rejoined Woody Herman and played with a number of dance bands including those of Les Brown, Tommy Dorsey, Goodman, and Burch Stone.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)

1946        Bobby Troupe (d.1999 at 80) wrote "Route 66" as he drove across the country. He played Tommy Dorsey in the film "The Gene Krupa Story."
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.A25)

1946        Chuck Wayne was the guitarist in the Woody Herman Herd band. They recorded the Ralph Burns 3-part composition "Summer Sequence." Wayne had discovered be-bop from pianist George Washington in a Dixieland band led by clarinetist Joe Marsala after 2 years in the army.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1946-1950    Tex Beneke led the Glenn Miller Orchestra.
    (SFC, 5/31/00, p.A23)

1947        Esquire magazine gave John Collins (d.2001) its New Star award as best guitarist. Collins joined Nat King Cole in 1951.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.C2)

1947        Eddie Anderson, publicist and jazz buff, claimed to have waved a check for $1000 in front of Joe Glaser, the manager of Louis Armstrong, and got Armstrong to play an "All-Star" session without the big band. The group performed at Town Hall and played old-time tunes like "Muskrat Ramble," and "Butter and Egg Man."
    (WSJ, 6/26/97, p.A16)

1947        Dizzie Gillespie played at Carnegie Hall with Ella Fitzgerald and Charlie Parker.
    (AH, 4/01, p.28)

1947        Sonny Rollins (17) started playing bebop on tenor sax with Thelonious Monk while still in high school. They later recorded the "Brilliant Corners" album.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.9)

1947        In Chicago Muddy Waters hired Otis Spann (17), blues pianist and singer.
    (WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A20)

1947        Ahmet Ertegun and Herb Abramson founded Atlantic Records in NYC. In 2001 Ertegun authored his memoir "What’d I Say."
    (WSJ, 7/6/01, p.W10)

1947        Ray Brown (1926-2002), jazz bass player, married singer Ella Fitzgerald. They divorced in the early 1950s.
    (HN, 10/13/00)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)

1947-1951    Jimmy Rowles worked with Bob Crosby.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)

1947-1951    Jack Teagarden worked as a sideman with Louis Armstrong.
    (WSJ, 4/9/99, p.W12)

1948        Jun, In SF Blanco’s Cotton Club under Barney Deasy opened at what is now The Great American Music Hall. It was intended to be a fancy nightspot with only black artists and black workers, but open to the public. It opened with a big splash but only lasted a few months due to price increases for large orchestras.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, DB p.34)

1948        Barry Ulanov (d.2000 at 82) authored "The Incredible Crosby."
    (SFC, 5/8/00, p.A21)

1948        In NYC a group of young jazz players gathered at the apartment of Gil Evans on West 55th and crafted a music that was later tagged as “the birth of the cool." Miles Davis led the group that also included Gerry Mulligan, John Lewis and John Carisi. This followed the recent disbanding of band led by Claude Thornhill (d.1965), in which Gill Evans was an arranger.
    (WSJ, 7/5/08, p.W12)

1948        Tex Beneke and His Orchestra produced their album: "Shooting Star."
    (SFC, 5/31/00, p.A23)

1948        Gerry Mulligan at 20 wrote for Gene Kruppa's band.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-11)

1948        Ella Fitzgerald recorded "How High the Moon."
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.D2)

1948        Roy Haynes, drummer, replaced Tiny Kahn in the Lester Young Sextet.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.18)

1948        In SF the Say When Club on Bush St. opened. Charlie Parker and Billie Holiday later performed there. On Geary St. Ciro’s club also opened featuring black artists.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, DB p.35)

1948        Tito Puente in his first job as band leader led the Picadilly Boys for Sunday matinees at the Palladium in NYC.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.31)

1948        Don Tosti (1923-2004), jazz musician born as Edmundo Martinez Tostado, made the 1st million-selling Latin song “Pachuco Boogie."
    (SFC, 8/4/04, p.B7)

1948        Muddy Waters recorded a new version of “Country Blues." It was released under the ttitle “I Feel Like Going Home." It reached #11 on the “Most Played Rqace Records" chart.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.6)

1949        Jan 22, Police broke into Rm. 203 of the Mark Twain Hotel in San Francisco and arrested Billie Holiday (1915-1959) and her manager, John Levy, on charges of possession of opium. Her defense attorney, Jake Erlich, fingered Levy as an informer and persuaded the jury to return a verdict of not guilty.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, DB, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billie_Holiday)

1949        Dec 6, Leadbelly (64), [Huddie William Ledbetter], blues singer, died. He was born January 29, 1885, on the Jeter Plantation near Mooringsport, Louisiana.

1949        Jaki Byard, pianist, joined alto saxophonist Earl Bostic.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)

1949        Bill Doggett, pianist and organist, joined the Louis Jordan rhythm and blues group.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.C7)

1949        Lionel Hampton hired singer Jimmy Scott on the recommendation of New Orleans pianist Paul Gayten.
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.14)

1949        B.B. King, blues guitarist and singer changed his on-air name to B.B. King from Beale Street Blues Boy. Born Riley B. King in Indianola, Mississippi, King grew up in the gospel-spiritual traditions rich in the Mississippi delta. He worked for a time as a disk jockey in Memphis, starting as the Beale Street Blues Boy. He kept the shortened B.B. King when he made a record in 1949. A tireless performer known to work up to 300 different venues in a year, King nevertheless did not get a wider audience until the late 60s, when numerous rock guitarists credited his influence in their work.
    (HNQ, 10/10/00)

1949        Gerry Mulligan and Gil Evans conceived an experimental group and recorded the Birth of the Cool under the leadership of Miles Davis. In 1944, Davis attended what is now the Julliard School before leaving to play in band primarily led by Charlie Parker. He led his own group for a short time in 1948 to 1949 and their studio recordings became Birth of the Cool.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-11)(HNQ, 2/26/01)

1949        Walter Bishop, jazz pianist, made his first recording.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.B2)

1949        Oscar Peterson, jazz pianist, was invited to play at the Philharmonic concert at Carnegie Hall. Onstage were Ella Fitzgerald, Roy Eldridge, Coleman Hawkins, Buddy Rich and Ray Brown.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, DB p.52)

1949-1951    Bud Powell’s recordings feature Max Roach on drums. Ray Brown or Curly Russell are on bass. The trio renditions are in fact piano/drum duets. In contrast is the 1950 Bud Powell recording with Buddy Rich on drums.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.42)

1949-1952    Chuck Wayne, guitarist, was part of the George Shearing Quintet.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1949-1952    Roy Haynes played and recorded with Charlie Parker’s quintet.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.18)

1949-1956    "The Complete Prestige Recordings of Sonny Rollins" is a set of 7 CDs with a 48-page booklet by Fantasy Records and Orrin Keepnews.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)

1950        Alan Lomax authored “Mister Jelly Roll"
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)

1950        Jimmy Scott and the Lionel Hampton Orchestra made a hit with "Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool."
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.6)

c1950        Guitarist Kenny Burrell (19) led a band at the Detroit Klein’s Showbar with Yusef Lateef and Tommy Flanagan.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.8)

1950        Jimbo’s Bop City, an after-hours club in SF, opened at 1690 Post St. Players such as Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Art Tatum, Dizzy Gillespie, and Gerry Mulligan played there until it closed in 1965.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, DB p.35)(SFC, 6/23/18, p.C1)

1950-1965    The 1998 film "The Legend of Bop City" by Carol P. Chamberland was about the SF Fillmore jazz scene from 1950-1965.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, DB p.48)

1950s        Barry Ulanov (d.2000 at 82) authored A History of Jazz in America" and "A Handbook of Jazz."
    (SFC, 5/8/00, p.A21)

1950s        Jimmy Rowles took jobs with Charlie Parker, Benny Carter and Chet Baker. Chet Baker played in Army bands.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)(SFC, 5/31/96, D8)

1950s        Mike Lipskin studied with Willie "The Lion" Smith and later produced the RCA Victor "Vintage Jazz" series.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.18)

1951        Nat King Cole disbanded the King Cole Trio to concentrate on his singing.
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A28)

1951        Thelonious Monk recorded "Criss Cross" and "Straight, No Chaser" with Milt Jackson.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

c1951        In Detroit Kenny Burrell (20) played with the Dizzy Gillespie band that included John Coltrane and Milt Jackson for a month. He turned down an offer to tour with the band and instead enrolled into Wayne State Univ. where he graduated with a Bachelor of Music degree in 1955.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.8)

1951        The Milt Jackson Quartet was formed with John Lewis, piano, Ray Brown on bass, and Kenny Clarke on drums.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.B5)

1951        Stan Getz (23), fresh out of the Woody Herman Band, recorded some solo work for Roost Records.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.C3)

1951        Dr. Billy Taylor became the house pianist at Byrdland and played with Lee Konitz, Roy Eldridge and others.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.18)

1951        Joe Williams had a minor hit with King Kolax singing "Everyday I Have the Blues."
    (SFC, 4/1/99, p.E3)

1951        Sidney Bechet, clarinetist and composer, moved to France. He settled there and composed several orchestral pieces that included "La Colline du Delta" (The Hillside on the Delta).
    (WSJ, 8/24/00, p.A20)

1951-1955    Walter Bishop (d.1998), jazz pianist, played with Charlie Parker.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.B2)

1952        Artie Shaw , jazz clarinetist, published his meditative memoir "The Trouble with Cinderella: An Outline of Identity."
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W14)

1952        The Modern Jazz Quartet was begun with John Lewis on piano, Kenny Clarke as drummer, Percy Heath (d.2004) as bassist, and Milt Jackson in vibes. The group was originally called the Milt Jackson Quartet and had its genesis in the Gillespie big band.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)(SFC, 4/30/05, p.B4)

1952        Orrin Keepnews and Record Changer publisher Bill Grauer founded the Riverside jazz label in New York City to re-issue jazz albums from the ‘20s, ‘30s, and ‘40s.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)

1952        B.B. King made No. 1 on Billboard’s R&B charts with his song "Three O’Clock Blues."
    (SFEM, 12/15/96, BR p.8)

1952        Gerry Mulligan began playing a new type of jazz on the west coast. He used just two horns, a bass and drum for a quartet with no piano player. Chet Baker played a wispy trumpet against Mulligan's spry baritone sax. Bob Brookmeyer on valve trombone soon replaced Baker and then Art Farmer came in on trumpet. They opened at the Haig club in LA and sparked the "West Coast jazz" style of cool jazz.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-11)(WSJ, 6/19/02, p.A1)

1953        Jan 6, Dizzy Gillespie threw a party for his wife Lorraine at Snookie’s in Manhattan. His trumpet’s bell was bent upward in an accident, but he liked the sound and had a special trumpet made with a raised bell.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.34)

1953        Nat Hentoff became the NYC editor of Down Beat. Willie "the Lion" Smith, Harlem stride pianist, soon became his mentor.
    (WSJ, 12/30/03, p.D8)
1953        Jon Hendricks (1921-2017), Jazz singer and songwriter, began collaborating with fellow jazz singer Dave Lambert. They later joined with Annie Ross, a British-born jazz singer and in 1958 recorded the hit album “Sing a Song of Basie."
    (SFC, 11/24/17, p.D3)
1953        Soupy Sales (1926-2009) began his “Soupy’s On" 5-day-a-week variety show in Detroit on WXYZ-TV. The theme song was Charlie Parker’s "Yardbird Suite." Many jazz giants played on his show but very little film footage survived. His “Lunch with Soupy Sales" went national in October 1959, on the ABC television network.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soupy_Sales)(DFP, 7/28/96, p.F1,8)(AP, 10/23/09)(SFC, 10/23/09, p.A8)
1953        The German jazz critic, Joachim Berendte, described the drum playing of Max Roach: He destroyed the belief that jazz can swing only in 4/4 time... he plays entire drum solos in waltz rhythm (and) superimposes 5/4 over 3/4, as in a fugue."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.42)
1953        Randy Weston was the first artist produced by Orrin Keepnews.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.33)
1953        Paul Bley, pianist, recorded "Introducing Paul Bley" with Charles Mingus and Art Blakey. He later wrote the autobiography "Stopping Time:
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.12)
1953        Django Reinhardt, Gypsy jazz guitarist, died at age 43.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.E3)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)

1954        Aug 12, Pat Metheny, jazz guitarist (As Wichita Falls), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1954        Dec 16, Lee Morse (b.1897), US jazz and blues singer and songwriter, died. Her most popular years were in the 1920s and early 1930s, although her career began around 1917 and continued until her death. Her hit songs included “Ukulele Lady" (1925).

1954        Louis Armstrong recorded "Louis Armstrong Plays W.C. Handy" on Columbia.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1954        Misty, written by pianist Errol Garner, was released on his Verve album “Contrasts." Wyatt “Bull" Ruther (1923-1999) played the bass lines.
    (SFC, 2/25/08, p.E13)

1954        Clifford Brown and Max Roach formed a quintet.
    (WSJ, 2/15/96, p.A-12)

1954        The first Newport Jazz Festival was organized by George Wein and held on the lawn of the Lorrilard estate in Newport, R.I.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, B9)

1954        Tal Farrow, guitarist. recorded "Tal" on Verve Records.
    (SFC, 7/29/98, p.A20)

1954        The film "The Glenn Miller Story" starred Jimmy Stewart.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.E4)

1954        Stan Getz, tenor sax player, was arrested for trying to rob a drugstore in Seattle and served a 6-month sentence.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.E5)

1954-1955    Herbie Nichols, pianist, recorded for Blue Note.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.C3)

1954-1958    Chuck Wayne (d.1997 at 74) was the musical director for Tony Bennett.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1954        Whitney Balliet began writing jazz articles, mostly for the New Yorker. In 2000 his "Collected Works: A Journal of Jazz 1954-2000" was published.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, BR p.5)

1955        The film "The Man with the Golden Arm" by Otto Preminger was produced. It starred Frank Sinatra and Kim Novak and was a daring film on drug addiction. The jazz score was by Elmer Bernstein.
    (TOH, 1982, p.1956)(TVM, 1975, p.364)

1955        George Avakian, jazz expert, got Miles Davis to sign a contract with Columbia, and brought him together with Gil Evans for the album "Miles Ahead."
    (WSJ, 6/03/97, p.A20)

1955        Saxophonist Ernie Wilkins (d.1999) wrote the tune "Every Day (I Have the Blues), which was recorded by Count Basie with singer Joe Williams. Wilkins later joined Dizzie Gillespie's band and went on to write for Tommy Dorsey and Lionel Hampton before moving to Copenhagen in 1980.
    (SFC, 6/7/99, p.A20)

1955        Billy Holiday rehearsed with pianist Jimmy Rowles. A CD was later released titled "The Complete Billy Holiday on Verve" (Verve/Polygram).
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-12)

1955        Verve Records was founded by impresario Norman Granz. He had recorded many jazz artists for the Jazz at the Philharmonic tours that he’d begun a decade earlier. Verve was a successor to the Clef label.
    (SFC, 1/10/96, p.D1)(WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A21)

1955        Nat Hentoff had a conversation with Clifford Brown and quotes him: "Our own policy is to aim for the musical extremes of both excitement and subtle softness, whenever each is necessary, but with a lot of feeling in everything. We want to create emotional and intellectual tension."
    (WSJ, 2/15/96, p.A-12)

1955        Ella Fitzgerald recorded the double LP Cole Porter Song Book.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1955        Connie Kay replaced Kenny Clarke on drums for the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ).
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

1955        Thelonious Monk began to record with Riverside Records.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)

1955        Anita O'Day was the first vocalist to record on the new Verve label, established by Norman Granz.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A21)

1955        Joe Williams, singer, recorded "Everyday I Have the Blues" with Count Bassie. The 2 remained worked together from 1954-1961. Williams succeeded Jimmy Rushing in the Basie band.
    (SFC, 3/31/99, p.C2)(SFC, 4/1/99, p.E3)

1955        Artie Shaw , jazz clarinetist, quit the music business.
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W14)

1955        Charlie Parker, jazz saxophonist, died. In 1973 Ross Russell published the biography "Bird Lives! The High Life and hard Times of Charlie (Yardbird) Parker."
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.B2)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D6)

1955-1958    Jack Teagarden recorded for Capital Records and a Mosaic box set of 4 CDs was later released featuring him over this period.
    (WSJ, 4/9/99, p.W12)

1956        Nov 5, Arthur Tatum (Art Tatum, 46), US jazz pianist and composer, died in Los Angeles.

1956        Nov 10, Billie Holiday returned to the New York City stage at Carnegie Hall after a three-year absence.
    (MC, 11/10/01)

1956        The film "The Benny Goodman Story" starred Steve Allen as Benny Godman.
    (SFC, 11/1/00, p.A19)

1956        Louis Armstrong recorded with Ella Fitzgerald "Ella and Louis" on Verve.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1956        Jazz great Clifford Brown was featured on Soupy’s On in Detroit and played "Memories of You" by Eubie Blake and Gershwin’s "Lady Be Good." A few months later he was killed in an auto accident on the Pennsylvania Turnpike at the age of 25.
    (DFP, 7/28/96, p.F1)

1956        Rosemary Clooney (1928-2002) recorded the "Blue Rose" album with Duke Ellington and his orchestra.
    (WSJ, 7/2/02, p.D7)

1956        Chris Connor (1927-2009), jazz singer, made a hit with “I Miss You." Her song “Trust in Me" reached the hit charts in 1957.
    (SFC, 9/1/09, p.C5)

1956        Clifford Brown, jazz trumpet player, was killed in a car crash at the age of 25.His original tunes included Joy Spring and Blues Walk.
    (WSJ, 2/15/96, p.A-12)

1956        Bill Doggett (1916-1996), pianist and organist, made his blues hit "Honky Tonk."
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.C7)

1956        The Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) with Connie Kay, Percy Heath, John Lewis and Milt Jackson, began recording for Atlantic Records. Their European tour was well received.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)(SFC, 3/31/01, p.A21)

1956        Abbey Lincoln (1930-2010), jazz singer, recorded her first album, “Affair… a Story of a Girl in Love." She also appeared in her first film “The Girl Can’t Help It."
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, p.C10)

1956        Sonny Rollins recorded "Sonny Rollins Plus 4," "Tenor Madness" and "Saxophone Colossus." The Colossus album on Prestige featured drummer Max Roach, pianist Tommy Flanagan, and bassist Doug Watkins and a masterpiece of motivic development in the tune "Blue 7."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)

1956-1961    Charles Mingus, composer and bassist, made a set of recordings with Atlantic Records. The albums included: "Pithecanthropus Erectus," "The Clown," "Blues and Roots," and "Oh Yeah." In 1997 "Passions of a Man: The Complete Atlantic Recordings," a 6 CD set, was released.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.C3)(SFEM, 10/4/98, p.14)

1956-1961    Bud Shank recorded over this period and in 1998 1 5-CD set, The Pacific Jazz Studio Sessions: 1956-1961," was released on Mosaic Records.
    (SFEM, 12/12/98, p.8)

1956-1961    This period, titled "The Adventure," was covered in the 9th episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1957        Jun 12, James F "Jimmy" Dorsey (53), US orchestra leader, died.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1957        Nov 29, John Coltrane and the Thelonius Monk quartet performed together for a show at Carnegie Hall. Tapes of the performance, recorded by Voice of America, were mislabeled and lost until 2005.
    (SFC, 10/4/05, p.E8)

1957        Jazz drummer Chico Hamilton wrote the film music for "The Sweet Smell of Success."
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, DB p.37)(SFEC, 3/1/98, DB p.48)(SFEC, 10/17/99, DB p.46)

1957        The jazz opera "Shinbone Alley" opened on Broadway. It was written by Joe Darion with music by George Kleinsinger.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.D4)

1957        Louis Armstrong spoke out against the US government during the 1957  Little Rock,  Ark. school troubles. "The way they are treating my people in the South, the government can go to hell."
    (WSJ, 9/27/95, p.A-16)(WSJ, 6/26/97, p.A16)

1957        Charlie Byrd recorded his first record: "Jazz Recital."
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D7)

1957        Blue Note recorded John Coltrane and "Blue Train."
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)

1957        Capital Records put out a 12-inch album titled “Birth of the Cool." It included recordings from 1949-1950 singles by a NYC nonet under Miles Davis.
    (WSJ, 7/5/08, p.W12)

1957        Ella Fitzgerald and Duke Ellington collaborated on a song book set, The Duke Ellington Songbook. A CD-release was made in 1994 titled The Complete Ella Fitzgerald Song Books (Verve).
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-12)(SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1957        Ella Fitzgerald recorded the Rodgers and Hart Songbook.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1957        Johnny Heartsman recorded "Johnny’s House Party," a top 20 R&B hit.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C2)

1957        Elvin Jones recorded "A Night at the Village Vanguard" on Blue Note with a pianoless Sonny Rollins trio and Wilbur Ware on Bass. One track features Pete La Roca.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1957        Thelonious Monk recorded alone on Round Midnight. A CD was later released titled Thelonious Monk, Thelonious Himself (Riverside Original Jazz Classics). Monk also wrote "Crepuscule with Nellie," a ballad to his wife (d.2002).
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-12)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A26)

1957        Sonny Rollins recorded "Way Out West" and "A Night at the Village Vanguard."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)

1957        A TV special was made titled "The Sound of Jazz." In it Gerry Mulligan can be seen sitting next to Coleman Hawkins in a band led by Count Basie with Ben Webster and Benny Morton.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-11)

1957        Barney Wilen, French saxophonist sat in with Miles Davis on a session for "Ascenser pour l’Echafaud" (Elevator for the Scaffold), a classic film by Louis Malle.
    (SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)

1957-1960    Miles Davis and Gill Evans collaborated to produce their masterpieces: "Miles Ahead," "Porgy and Bess," and "Sketches of Spain."
    (SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.42)

1958        Mar 28, W.C. Handy, the "Father of the Blues," died in New York at age 84.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

1958        Oct 6, Jimmy Lyons agreed to become the musical consultant for the Monterey Jazz Festival, the day after he directed the 1st Monterey Jazz Festival, which featured Louis Armstrong, Gerry Mulligan, Turk Murphy, Billie Holiday, Duke Ellington and Dizzie Gillespie.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, B9)(SFC, 4/7/01, p.B3)

1958        John Benson Brooks composed his "Alabama Concerto."
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.C4)

1958        Art Kane gathered 4 decades of jazz greats in Harlem for a group photo.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, DB p.46)

1958-1960    Billy Higgins (d.2001), drummer, played with Ornette Coleman’s quartet.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.)

1958-1965    Grover Sales (d.2004 at 84), author and teacher, served as publicist for the Monterey Jazz Festival. His books included "Jazz: America's Classical Music."
    (SFC, 2/25/04, p.A19)

1959        Mar 2, Miles Davis began recording "Kind of Blue" with John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderly, Philley Joe Jones, Paul Chambers and Bill Evans. Modes rather than chords formed the basis for improvisation on "So What" and "Flamenco Sketches." In 2000 Ashley Kahn authored "Kind of Blue," The Making of the Miles Davis Masterpiece. Eric Nisenson authored "The Making of Kind of Blue: Miles Davis and His Masterpiece."
    (SFC, 8/24/98, p.B1)(SFEC, 11/5/00, BR p.1)

1959        May 14, Sidney Bechet, clarinetist and pioneer jazz composer, died.
    (WSJ, 8/24/00, p.A20)(www.sidneybechet.org/bio.html)

1959        May, John Coltrane, saxophonist, recorded outtakes that were later produced as part of CD-set called The heavyweight Champion: John Coltrane the Complete Atlantic Recordings (Rhino/Atlantic).
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-12)

1959        Jul 17, Billie Holiday (b.1915), jazz and blues singer, died in NYC at age 44. In 1956 William Dufty (d.2002) authored the biography "Lady Sings the Blues." In 2000 Robert O’Meally authored "Lady Day: The Many Faces of Billie Holiday."
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.4)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A24)(SSFC, 7/12/09, p.42)

1959        Jaki Byard joined trumpeter Maynard Ferguson's orchestra for 2 years. He met saxophonist Eric Dolphy and recorded with him the album "Outward Bound."
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)

1959        Ornette Coleman formed a quartet with drummer Billy Higgins and bassist Charlie Haden. They made their debut at the Five Spot Café in NYC.
    (WSJ, 7/16/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 6/8/00, p.A22)

1959        Herbie Mann (1930-2003) formed his Afro-Jazz Sextet.
    (SFC, 7/3/03, p.A2)

1959        Charles Mingus recorded with Columbia. In 1998 "The Complete Columbia 1959 Recordings" was released.
    (SFEM, 10/4/98, p.A14)

1959        The film "The Gene Kruppa Story" starred Sal Mineo, James Darren and Bobby Troup as Tommy Dorsey. It was directed by Don Weis.
    (TVM, 1975, p.204)(SFC, 2/11/99, p.A25)

1959        Pharoah Sanders, born as Ferrel Sanders, became "Little Rock" when he brought his sax to the Bay Area’s jazz scene.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.C1)

1959        The Dave Brubeck Quartet recorded "Take Five," written by Paul Desmond. In 2005 Doug Ramsey authored “Take Five: The Public and Private Lives of Paul Desmond."
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.C14)

1959        Lalo Schifrin premiered his 5-movement suite "Gillespiana" with Dizzie Gillespie at Carnegie Hall.
    (SFC, 9/23/96, D1,3)

1959        Ronnie Scott (1927-1996) opened the Ronnie Scott jazz club in Soho, London.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)

1959        Patrick Henry (d.1999) founded the Bay Area KJAZ-FM radio. He sold the station to Ron Cowan in 1980 and it went off the air in 1995 when Cowan sold the frequency to KZSF, a Spanish language station.
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, p.C6)

1959        Lester Young, tenor saxophonist and aka the "Prez", died at 49. He was nicknamed Prez by Billie Holiday. His recordings include "The Complete Lester Young" (Mercury), "Prez and Sweets" (Verve), "The Jazz Giants" (Verve), "Prez and Teddy Wilson" (Verve), "The President Plays with the Oscar Peterson Trio" (Verve) and "The Lester Young Trio" (Verve). Emile Rogier Heier (d.1997 at 55) later wrote "Lester Leaps In, " a biography of the jazz saxophonist Lester Young. David Meltzer later authored ""No Eyes: Lester Young."
    (WSJ, 8/21/96, p.A12)(SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)(SFC, 4/14/01, p.B3)

1959-1964    Bud Powell, pianist, lived and worked in Paris.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, DB p.42)

1960        Jan 12, The San Francisco Chronicle learned that jazz musician Dave Brubeck had lost $40,000 in bookings on a monthlong Southern tour by his quartet because the group included black bass player Eugene Wright. Brubeck refused to drop Wright from his group.
    (SSFC, 1/10/10, DB p.42)

1960        Feb 13, Ella Fitzgerald, live in concert, recorded "Mack the Knife," in the album "Ella in Berlin."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1960        The John Coltrane quartet with Elvin Jones, McCoy Tyner and Jimmy Garrison recorded the album "My Favorite Things."
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, DB p.44)

1960        John Lewis directed the Monterey Jazz Festival and featured Ornette Coleman, John Coltrane, and Eric Dolphy. Jimmy Lyons and many others in the crowd wailed that "that stuff isn’t jazz." "Evolution of the Blues" by Joe Hendricks, commissioned for the festival was first performed. Lalo Schifrin’s "Gillespiana" suite was also preformed.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, B9)(SFC, 9/23/96, D1)

1960        J.J. Johnson introduced his "El Camino Real" and sketch for Trombone and Orchestra" at the Monterey Jazz Festival. Johnson had mastered bebop style on his slide trombone.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.B3)

1960        The film "Cinderfella" starred Jerry Lewis, Ed Wynn, Judith Anderson and Anna Marie Alberghetti. It featured Count Basie and his orchestra.
    (SFC, 11/27/98, p.C6)

1960        Wes Montgomery recorded "The Incredible Jazz Guitar of Wes Montgomery" album. The quartet included Tommy Flanagan.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.9)

1960        Gerry Mulligan played a priest in the movie version of Jack Kerouac's "The Subterraneans." The film starred George Peppard and was directed by Ranald MacDougall.
    (TVM, 1977, p.687)(SFEC, 9/29/96, DB p.44)

1960s        The "Phil and Quil" album featured Phil Woods, Gene Quill and bassist Burgher Jones (d.2000 at 76).
    (SFC, 6/20/00, p.A24)

1960s        Barney Wilen was a French pioneer of free jazz.
    (SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)

1960s        Prof. Frank Kofsky (d.1997 at 62) wrote "John Coltrane and the Jazz Revolution of the 1960s." He also wrote "Black Music, White Business."
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C6)

1961        Jun 25, Jazz trio Paul Motion, drums, Bill Evans, piano, and Scott LaFaro recorded a performance at the Village Vanguard in NYC in which each man functioned as an equal rather than as an accompaniment to the leader. The recording changed the idea of the piano trio.
    (WSJ, 1/24/06, p.D8)

1961        Jul 6, Rocco Scott LaFaro (b.1936), jazz bassist, died in an automobile accident in New York state.
    (http://geocities.com/chuck_ralston/10slfchr.htm#Scott LaFaro Chronology)

1961        Sep, Allan (1935-1987) and Sandra Jaffe (1938-2021) of Pennsylvania took over the management of Preservation Hall in New Orleans. In the 1950s, art dealer Larry Borenstein from Milwaukee managed what would become Preservation Hall in the French Quarter as an art gallery. In May 1961, Borenstein turned management over to Ken Grayson Mills and Barbara Reid, who turned it into a music venue and named it "Preservation Hall".
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preservation_Hall)(SSFC, 1/2/22, p.F7)

1961        Jaki Byard recorded "Here's Jaki" with drummer Roy Haynes. Byard also began teaching around this time at the New England Conservatory of Music.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)
1961        Ella Fitzgerald recorded "The Harold Arlen Songbook."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)
1961        Eddie Harris (1934-1996), tenor saxophonist, recorded the theme music for the film Exodus. He later invented the "saxobone," a saxophone with a trombone mouthpiece and the electric sax. He later wrote much of the music on "The Bill Cosby Show."
    (SFC, 11/8/96, p.A25)
1961        Roy Haynes, John Coltrane, McCoy Tyner, Jimmy Garrison made a live recording at the Village Vanguard that came out as the "Newport ‘63" album on Impulse records. One track featured Eric Dolphy.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)
1961        John Lewis composed music for Lew Christensen’s ballet "Original Sin." The libretto was by Kenneth Rexroth.
    (SFC, 4/7/01, p.B3)
1961        Thelonious Monk left Riverside Records in favor of Columbia.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)
1961        Cedar Walton joined Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers after working with J.J. Johnson, Sonny Rollins and the Art Farmer/Beny Golson Jazztet in New York.
    (SFC, 9/15/96, DB p.47)
1961        Scott LaFaro, bassist in the Bill Evans trio, was killed in a car crash. Drummer Paul Motian was the 3rd member of the trio.
    (WSJ, 8/28/98, p.W7)
1961        Booker Little (23), trumpet player and composer, died.
    (WSJ, 3/25/04, p.D6)

1961-1965    John Coltrane played with McCoy Tyner, Elvin Jones, and Jimmy Garrison. Recordings from this period were released in 1998: "John Coltrane, The Classic Quartet: Complete Impulse! Studio Recordings.
    (SFC, 11/27/98, p.C3)

1961-2000    This period, titled "A Masterpiece by Midnight," was covered in the 10th episode of the 2001 TV production "Jazz" by Ken Burns.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, DB p.32)

1962        Charlie Byrd (guitar), Ketter Betts (bass) and Stan Getz (saxophone) recorded "Jazz Samba." It became a million seller.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D7)

1962        Miles Davis and Gill Evans collaborated to produce "Quiet Nights," a bossa nova album.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.42)

1962        The jazz tune "Easy Money" was written by Benny Carter.
    (SI-WPC, 1997)

1962        The John Coltrane album "Live at the Village Vanguard" was produced.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.C3)

1962        Drummer Roy Haynes recorded the "Out of the Afternoon" album with Roland Kirk, woodwinds, and Tommy Flanagan, piano.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1962        The album "Elvin" on the OJC label featured Elvin Jones, Thad and Hank Jones, plus Frank Foster on sax and others.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1962        Dexter Gordon (d.1990), the first to translate Charlie Parker’s bebop mode to the tenor saxophone, expatriated to Europe.
    (Wired, 5/97, p.198)

1962        Bluesman John Lee Hooker had his only hit single on the pop charts: "Boom Boom Room."
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.E1)

1962        Charles Mingus staged a performance of his epic "Epitaph," a piece that mixed symphonic tone poems with brassy big-band jazz. This was the only staging of the piece during his lifetime and was not a success. It was used in the 1998 film Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog."
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.56)

1962        Tito Puente released his "El Rey Bravo" album that featured his classic "Oye Como Va." The song was made famous by Santana in 1970.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.D2)

1962        Bass Player Beverly Peer (1913-1997) joined singer-pianist Bobby Short.
    (SFC, 1/27/97, p.A20)

1962        Lou Rawls (1935-2006) released his 1st solo jazz album “Stormy Monday" recorded with the Les McCann Trio.
    (AP, 1/6/06)(SFC, 1/6/06, p.B5)

1962        Sonny Rollins recorded "The Bridge" on RCA Victor. He did 6 albums on the RCA label.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)(SFC,11/28/97, p.C3)

1963        Aug 31, Dick Gibson (d.1998), jazz lover, held his first Gibson Colorado Jazz Party at the Hotel Jerome in Aspen. He flew in some of the world’s top jazz musicians and began an annual Labor Day weekend tradition that lasted 30 years.
    (WSJ, 3/20/07, p.D6)

1963        Dec 14, Dinah Washington (b.1924), known in the 50s as "Queen of the Harlem Blues," died of barbiturate poisoning in Detroit. In 2004 Nadine Cohodas authored “Queen: The Life and Times of Dinah Washington." 
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M1)

1963        The album "Afro Blue Impressions" on the Pablo label featured Elvin Jones, John Coltrane, Jimmy Garrison and McCoy Tyner in the classic Coltrane quartet.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1963        The album "Illumination" on Impulse featured Elvin Jones with Jimmy Garrison, McCoy Tyner, Prince Lasha and Sonny Simmons on alto saxes, and Charles Davis on baritone sax.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1963        The entire Teagarden family performed together at the Monterey Jazz Festival. Since 1975 Norma Teagarden played at the Washington Square Bar and Grill in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)

1963        Miles Davis heard Tony Williams playing drums with saxophonist Jackie McLean and hired him. Williams stayed with Davis until 1969. Their recording included "E.S.P.," "Nefertiti and "Filles de Kilamanjaro."
    (SFC, 2/25/97, p.B2)

1963        Jazz saxophonist Joe Henderson began recording for Blue Note.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, DB p.32)

1963        Sonny Rollins recorded "On the Outside."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)

1963        Herbie Nichols (43), pianist, died of leukemia.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.C3)

1963        Jack Teagarden, jazz trombonist, died in New Orleans at age 59. His last recording was from the 1963 Monterey Jazz Festival: "A Hundred Years From Today: Jack Teagarden Family and Friends Live at the Monterey Jazz Festival."
    (WSJ, 4/9/99, p.W12)

1964        Ella Fitzgerald recorded "The Jerome Kern Songbook."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1964        Carla Bley (born as Carla Borg) formed the Jazz Composers Orchestra with Michael Mantler.
    (WSJ, 2/13/00, p.A24)

1964        Saxophone player Sam Rivers worked with Miles Davis.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, DB p.41)

1964        Wayne Shorter joined the Miles Davis quintet with pianist Herbie Hancock, bassist Ron Carter and drummer Tony Williams.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1964        Ben Webster moved to Europe and was based in Copenhagen.
    (WSJ, 3/2019/98, p.W6)

1965        Sep 16, The "original first" Sacred Concert was performed by Duke Ellington, his band, singers Esther Merrill and Jon Hendricks, dancer Bunny Briggs, the Herman McCoy Choir, drummer Louis Belson and many others at the SF Grace Cathedral.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.16)

1965        Artie Shaw, former jazz clarinetist, authored the novel "I Love You, I Hate You, Drop Dead."
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W14)

1965        Louis Armstrong sang "Hello Dolly." The song was written by Jerry Herman for the remake of the Thornton Wilder play "Matchmaker." The name of the play was changed to "Hello Dolly" after the song became a hit before the play opened.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, BR p.1)

1965        Blues Alley, a Georgetown legend, began business and in 1998 was the oldest continuously operating jazz supper club.
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.7R)

1965        Keith Jarrett began working with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers and after a few months joined Charles Lloyd's quartet for several years.
    (SFEC, 2/28/99, DB p.37)

1965        Jerome Richardson (d.2000 at 79), saxophonist and flutist, helped found the Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra. His work eventually appeared in over 4,000 recordings.
    (SFC, 6/28/00, p.A21)

1965        Koko Taylor (1928-2009, Chicago blues singer, made a hit with “Wang Dang Doodle" and made it signature piece.
    (SFC, 6/5/09, p.B6)

1965        Nat King Cole, pianist and singer, died of lung cancer. In 1999 Daniel Mark Epstein authored the biography "Nat King Cole."
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A28)

1965         Comic actress Judy Holliday died of cancer. She was companion to Gerry Mulligan and the two wrote songs and recorded a record that was later released as Holliday with Mulligan.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-11)

1965-1968    The Miles Davis "Complete Columbia Studio Recordings" of this period featured his second legendary quintet with Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter and Tony Williams. A 6-CD set was re-issued in 1998.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, DB p.48)

1966        Sonny Rollins recorded "East Broadway Run Down" on Impulse. It featured Elvin Jones, Freddie Hubbard on trumpet, and Jimmy Garrison.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)(SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1966        Pianist Bud Powell died (41). He was considered the father of "bebop piano."
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, DB p.42)

1966        The Blue Note label of Alfred Lion was sold to Liberty Records. It was later transferred to EMI.
    (WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)

1966-1975    Bill Evans played jazz at the Village Vanguard in New York and his work was secretly recorded by Mike Harris.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, DB p.35)

1967        Jul 17, John Coltrane (b.1926), jazz composer-musician died in Huntington, N.Y. He gained attention through recordings as part of Miles Davis’ quintet in the 50s. By 1960, following critical acclaim, Coltrane was leading his own quartet that eventually dissolved in 1965. He worked with various musicians for the next two years until succumbing to liver cancer in 1967. Coltrane’s style, developed over the years from influences ranging from Miles Davis’ forms of modal improvisation to Eastern musical theory, has influenced and been imitated by numerous jazz musicians since. His album’s included "Kulu Se Mama" written by Juno Lewis (d.2002). In 2002 Ashley Kahn authored "A Love Supreme: The Story of John Coltrane’s Signature Album." In 2007 Ben Ratliff authored “Coltrane: The Story of Sound."
    (SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M5)(AP, 7/17/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.104)

1967        Sep 25, Stuff Smith (b.1909), jazz violinist, died in Munich, Germany.

1967        The Orquesta de Musica Moderna, a Cuban government sponsored group, was formed. It was the basis for the jazz group Irakere co-founded by Paquito D’Rivera and Arturo Sandoval. Chucho Valdes became leader and pianist for Irakere. [see 1970]
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.42)(SFC, 4/6/01, p.C15)

1967        Alfred Lion retired from Blue Note and Frances Wolff continued the label.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)

1967        Billy Strayhorn, jazz pianist and composer, died. of esophageal cancer at age 51. The biography: "Lush Life, A Biography of Billy Strayhorn" was written in 1996 by David Hajdu.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, DB, p.52)

1967-1968    Louis Armstrong recorded "What a Wonderful World."
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1967-1971    Saxophonist Sam Rivers was featured with Cecil Taylor.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, DB p.41)

1968        John Benson Brooks composed his "Avant Slant."
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.C4)

1968        Sonny Rollins recorded "Sonny Rollins in Denmark."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)

1968        The album "The Ultimate Elvin" on Blue Note featured Elvin Jones on drums, Jimmy Garrison and Joe Farrell on woodwinds.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1968        George Lewis (b.1900), clarinetist, died.
    (WSJ, 5/15/01, p.A24)

1968-1978    Tommy Flanagan worked as pianist and musical director for Ella Fitzgerald.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.9)

1969        Feb 15, Charles Ellsworth Russell (b.1906), aka Pee Wee Russell, jazz clarinet player, died in Alexandria, Va. His albums included “Portrait of Pee Wee" (1958).
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9064474)(WSJ, 5/17/06, p.D14)

1969        Aug 19, Miles Davis and associates began a 3-day session recording the album "Bitches Brew" with Tony Williams on drums at Columbia's 30th Street Studio. Other players included Joe Zawinul, Wayne Shorter, Airto Moreira, Herbie Hancock, Bennie Maupin, John McLaughlin, Billy Cobham, Chick Corea and Lenny White. The album was released in the spring of 1970 and became a commercial success.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.40)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitches_Brew)

1969        Toshiko Akiyoshi (b.1929), jazz pianist and composer, married saxophonist Lou Tabackin.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toshiko_Akiyoshi)

1969        Dave Brubeck (b.1920) composed "The Gates of Justice," a 45-minute oratorio for chorus, tenor, bass-baritone, brass, percussion and jazz trio.
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, DB p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dave_Brubeck)

1969        Tony Williams (1945-1997), American jazz drummer, left Miles Davis and helped form the Jazz-rock fusion trio Lifetime with guitarist John McLaughlin and organist Larry Young.
    (SFC, 2/25/97, p.B2)(www.jazzhouse.org/gone/lastpost2.php3?edit=920671037)

1970        Apr 24, Otis Spann, blues singer, died in Chicago at age 40.
    (WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A20)

1970        Stanley Turrentine (d.2000), saxophonist, made his biggest hit with "Sugar."
    (SFC, 9/13/00, p.A23)

1970        Miles Davis played a concert at the Fillmore West in SF. A 1997 CD of the concert was  issued titled "Black Beauty."
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, DB p.48)

1970        Jesus (Chucho) Valdez formed his jazz group Irakere. [see 1967]
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.42)

1970        Saxophonist Sam Rivers opened Studio Rivbea in a lower Manhattan loft. It became a hotbed for new improvised music.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, DB p.41)

1970        Wayne Shorter and keyboardist Joe Zawinful formed the pioneering fusion band Weather Report.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1970        Johnny "Hammond" Smith recorded "Breakout" featuring Grover Washington Jr.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.C5)

1970s        Ornette Coleman wrote his orchestral work "Skies of America."
    (WSJ, 7/16/97, p.A20)

1971        Whitney Balliett authored his 5th book on jazz "Ecstacy at the Onion.’
    (WSJ, 1/02/00, p.A20)

1971        Jul 6, Louis Armstrong (b.1900), jazz and blues musician widely known as "Satchmo," died. His innovations of early day blues and Dixieland music inspired the swing eras of the 1920s and 1930s. He invented skat, a technique of singing jazz improvisations. Louis spoke out against the US government during the 1957 Little Rock, Ark. school troubles. "The way they are treating my people in the South, the government can go to hell." A 32 cent memorial stamp was issued by the Post Office in 1995. Armstrong smoked marijuana every day of his adult life, was unfaithful to each of his four wives, was arrested 4 times and consorted freely with prostitutes, pimps and mobsters. His biographies include: "Louis Armstrong: An American Genius" by James Lincoln Collier (1983); "Satchmo" by Gary Giddins (1988); and "Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life" by Laurence Bergreen (1997). In 1999 Joshua Berrett published "The Louis Armstrong Companion." In 2009 Terry Teachout authored “Pops: A Life of Louis Armstrong."
    (WSJ, 9/27/95, p.A-16)(WSJ, 6/26/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A20)(SSFC, 12/13/09, p.E1)

1971        Sep 2, Jay Migliori (d.2001), jazz saxophonist, joined Supersax. The 5 saxophone section specialized in orchestrated Charlie Parker solos.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A28)

1971        Vocalist Dee Dee and trumpeter Cecil Bridgewater joined the Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra in New York.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.36)

1971        Franzo King founded the John Coltrane African Orthodox Church on Divisadero St. in San Francisco. King named himself Bishop King and played tenor sax every Sunday at noon for services.
    (WSJ, 1/26/99, p.A16)

1971        Grover Washington Jr. released his debut album "Inner City Blues."
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.C5)

1971        Zez Confrey (b.1895), composer and pianist, died. His compositions included "Kitten on the Keys" (1921) and "Dizzy Fingers" (1923).
    (WSJ, 6/3/03, p.D5)

1971        Frances Wolff, head of the Blue Note label, died.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)

1972        Ella Fitzgerald recorded "Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)
1972        The album "Live at the Lighthouse" on Blue Note featured Elvin Jones, Jimmy Garrison, and sax men Steve Grossman and Dave Liebman.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)
1972        Orrin Keepnews was offered the position of heading up operations at Fantasy Records and he worked there until 1980. Fantasy had purchased his last label Milestone Records.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)
1972        Charles Mingus recorded his album "Let My Children Hear Music."
    (SFEM, 10/4/98, p.17)
1972        Todd Barker bought Keystone Korner, a blues bar, in San Francisco’s North Beach and turned it into a jazz bar.
    (SFC, 10/10/11, p.E3)

1973        Aug 18, Gene Krupa (1909-1973), drummer, played for the final time with Benny Goodman Quartet.

1973        Oct 16, Gene Krupa (b.1909), US jazz and big band drummer, died.

1973        Herbie Hancock led his fusion band on the smash hit jazz-funk album "Headhunters."
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1973        Jazz saxophonist Joe Henderson moved to San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, DB p.32)

1973        Ben Webster, tenor saxophone player, died in Amsterdam. A documentary by Johan van der Keuken was made earlier called: "Big Ben: Ben Webster in Europe."
    (WSJ, 3/2019/98, p.W6)

1973-1985    Richard Boone (d.1999 at 68), trombonist and scat singer, played with the Danish Radio Big Band, considered one of the world's best.
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.A25)

1974        May 24, Duke Ellington (b.1899) died of cancer in NYC. A major influence in jazz, especially the big band sound, Ellington orchestrated over 1,000 pieces of music during his prolific career. Although some tunes most associated with Duke Ellington and ‘His Famous Orchestra‘ were written by others (Billy Strayhorn wrote "Take the A Train"), Ellington capitalized on his outstanding ensemble by writing pieces emphasizing the talents of individual performers such as Johnny Hodges and Jimmy Blanton. In addition to big band pieces, he also wrote for film, ballet and opera. In 1991 Mark Tucker (d.2000) authored "Ellington: The Early Years." In 1993 Tucker edited "The Duke Ellington Reader." In 2013 Terry Teachout authored “Duke: A Life of Duke Ellington."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_Ellington)(SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.32)(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C17)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.F2)

1974        Aug 9, Trumpeter Bill Chase (b.1934) and 3 members of the Chase Band died in a plane crash while enroute to a performance in Minnesota. Lead guitarist Angel South (aka Lucien Gondron d. 1998 at 55) had struck out on his own solo career.

1974        Stan Getz, tenor sax, and the Bill Evans Trio with Eddie Gomez on bass and Marty Morell on drums recorded 2 sessions. A CD was re-issued in 1996 titled "But Beautiful."
    (SFEM, 7/21/96, p.4)

1974        Wayne Shorter recorded his "Native Dancer" album that featured Herbie Hancock and introduced the Brazilian singer Milton Nascimento.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1974        The Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) broke up but reunited in 1981 for a series of concerts.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.B5)

1975        Aug 8, Julian "Cannonball" Adderley (b.1928), sax player, died of a stroke.
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.C3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannonball_Adderley)

1975        Norma Teagarden began playing at the Washington Square Bar and Grill in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)

1976        Feb 6, Vince Guaraldi (b.1928), jazz pianist, died in Menlo Park, Ca. He wrote "Cast Your Fate to the Wind" and composed for the Charley Schulz "Peanuts" cartoon specials.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, DB p.44)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0345279/)

1976        Albert Murray authored "Stomping the Blues."
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.B2)
1976        Alex Acuna attained prominence as percussionist for the "Weather Report." He is now a leading percussionist in Latin music.
    (WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B1)
1976        The album "Summit Meeting" on Vanguard featured Elvin Jones, Clark Terry, James Moody and others.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)
1976        Pat Metheny (b.1954), American jazz guitarist, released his first album “Bright Size Life." In 1977 he launched the Pat Metheney Group. In 2005 the group recorded “The Way Up" a 68-minute song in four movement.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.69)

1977        May 30, Paul Desmond (b.1924), jazz alto saxophonist, died in NYC.

1977        Drummer Roy Haynes recorded "Thankyou, Thankyou" on Galaxy with George Cables on piano, Bobby Hutcherson on vibes, and John Klemmer on sax.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1977        Jimmy Rowles recorded an album with Stan Getz called “The Peacocks."
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)

1978        The Cuban jazz band Irakere performed at the Newport Jazz Festival.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.42)

1978        Sonny Rollins recorded "Milestone Jazz Stars in Concert."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)

1979        Jan 4, Charles Mingus (56), the most accomplished bassist in jazz history, died of Lou Gehrig’s disease. In 1999 the film "Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog" was written and directed by Don McGlynn. In 2000 Gene Santoro authored “Myself when I Am Real: the Life and Music of Charles Mingus."
    (WSJ, 4/18/97, p.A16)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.E3)(SFC, 5/21/99, p.C3)(SFEC, 8/20/00, BR p.9)(WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A24)

1979        Aug 25, Stan Kenton (67), orchestra leader (Music 55), died.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1979        Dizzy Gillespie, jazz trumpeter, published his autobiography: "To Be Or Not to Bop."
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.4)

1979        The album "Straight Life" on OJC featured altoist Art Pepper with Billy Higgins, Flanagan and bassist Red Mitchell.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1979        The album "Tokyo Encore" on Dreyfus featured Art Pepper, Billy Higgins, pianist George Cables and bassist Tony Dumas on straight-ahead bop and post-bop treatments live.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1979        Rosetta Reitz (1924-2008) founded Roseta Records to remaster and promote recordings by woman in the early history of jazz. By 1995 she completed 17 albums.
    (SFC, 11/18/08, p.B5)

1980        Aug 31-Sep 8, Bill Evans made live recordings at the Village Vanguard just weeks before his death. They were scheduled to be released by Warner Bros. in 11/96.
    (WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/16/00, p.B1)

1980        Sep 15, Bill Evans (b.1929), jazz pianist, died. In 1998 Peter Pettinger published "Bill Evans: How My Heart Sings."
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, DB p.35)(WSJ, 8/28/98, p.W7)(SFC, 10/16/00, p.B1)

1980        Jimmy Rowles recorded the album: "Jimmy Rawles Plays Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn."
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)
1980        The album "Bridgework" featured the drumming of Billy Higgins.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)
1980        Ella Fitzgerald recorded "A Perfect Match: Ella and Basie" and "Digital III at Montreux."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)
1980        The film "Sun Ra: A Joyful Noise" was made by Robert Mugge.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, DB p.14)
1980        The Microscopic Septet formed out of a downtown Manhattan music scene. The jazz ensemble broke up in 1992, but reunited in 2006 for a brief tour to celebrate the 2-volume CD “History of the Micros."
    (WSJ, 12/26/06, p.D8)
1980        In Rhode Island the Newport Jazz Festival featured a "Swinging Taps" evening with tap dancer Chuck Green (d.1997 at 78).
    (SFC, 3/8/96, p.A21)
1980        In Canada the first Montreal International Jazz Festival was launched by L’Equipe Spectra.
    (Econ, 6/21/14, p.82)

1981        Dec 27, Hoagy Carmichael (b.1899), US actor, songwriter (Stardust), died in California at age 82. His songs included "Stardust" and over 600 other melodies.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoagy_Carmichael)(WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A24)(SFC, 11/25/99, p.C22)

1981        Eugene Kalbacher (d.1999 at 47) and Jeff Levenson founded the Hot House jazz magazine in NYC.
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.C6)

1981        Ella Fitzgerald recorded “Ella Abraca Jobim."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1981        Thomas Chapin (d.1998 at 40), saxophonist, took over the leadership of the Lionel Hampton orchestra. He led the group for 6 years and maintained a position in Chico Hamilton’s band. Chapin recorded 15 albums that included "Sky Piece" on the Knitting Factory label.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.B8)

1981        Mary Lou Williams, jazz pianist and composer, died. In 2000 Lindah Dahl authored "Morning Glory: A Biography of Mary Lou Williams."
    (WSJ, 4/24/00, p.A36)

1982        Feb 17, Thelonious S. Monk (b.1917), US, jazz pianist, composer (Blue Monk), died. Monk, one of the early bebop musicians of the 1940s, stopped touring and recording in the early 70s, leaving such jazz standards as "Straight, No Chaser" and " ‘Round Midnight." In 2009 Robin D. G. Kelley authored “Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original."
    (HNQ, 2/28/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelonious_Monk)(SFC, 11/26/09, p.F7)

1982        Feb 26, Gabor Szabo (45), Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), died.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1982        The album "Among Friends" on Evidence featured pianist Cedar Walton’s trio with Billy Higgins and bassist Buster Williams. This was the first of a decade’s worth of Walton-Higgins collaborations.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1982        National Public Radio featured the Taylor Made Piano series. The book "Jazz Piano -- A Jazz History" by Taylor was adopted from the series.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16)

1982        The Toshiko Akiyoshi Jazz Orchestra featuring Lou Tabackin was revived in New York.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.)

1982        Tom Stoddard published "Jazz on the Barbary Coast, " and anthology of oral histories and essays.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.D7)

1982        Don McGlynn made a film documentary about alto saxophonist Art Pepper. The 50 min. film "Art Pepper: Notes From a Jazz Survivor" starred Harry Dean Stanton.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.C3)(USAT, 11/12/99, p.2E)

1982        The film "Gil Scott-Heron: Black Wax" was made by Robert Mugge.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, DB p.14)

1982        The Jazz Masters Awards were established by the National Endowment for the Arts.
    (WSJ, 11/19/03, p.D12)

1983        Jul 5, Harry James (67), swing-era bandleader, trumpet player, died.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1983        Apr 22, Earl Hines (b.1903), jazz pianist and bandleader, died in Oakland, Ca. He was one of jazz’s greatest pianist and was universally known as Earl “Fatha" Hines.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_Hines)

1983        The San Francisco Jazz Festival began with 2 nights of concerts and a $27,000 budget. Randall Kline put on the first Jazz in the City festival with a $10,000 grant from the city. In 1990 the event was renamed the SF Jazz Festival In 2023 Kline announced his retirement as Executive Artistic Director.
    (SFC, 9/15/96, C13)(SFEC, 11/24/96, DB p.49)(SFC, 3/23/22, p.D4)

1983        The MJQ toured Japan.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A21)

1983        Keith Jarrett formed the Standards Trio with bassist Gary Peacock and drummer Jack DeJohnette.

1983        Stan Getz began to teach at the Stanford Jazz Workshop.
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.25)

1983        Harry James, trumpet player, died of cancer, broke miserable and largely forgotten. In 1999 Peter J. Levinson authored the biography "Trumpet Blues: The Life Story of Harry James."
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A28)

1984        Apr 26, William "Count" Basie, jazz piano great, died on his 80th birthday.  Joe Williams sang "Come Sunday," Duke Ellington’s prayer for the liberation of Afro-American people, at the funeral. Conald "Tee" Carson replaced Basie as the head of the Count Basie Orchestra.
    (SFEM, 10/5/7, p.10)(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A21)(MC, 4/26/02)

1984        Max Harrison authored "The Essential Jazz Record, Vol. 1, Ragtime to Swing." Volume 2, "Modernism to Postmodernism" was released later. Both were reissued in 2000.
    (WSJ, 4/24/00, p.A36)

1984        The album "Mr. Billy Higgins" on RIZA featured Higgins on drums.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1984        The film "Gospel According to Al Green" was made by Robert Mugge.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, DB p.14)

1985        The film "Louie Bluie" was about blues fiddler Howard Armstrong (d.2003) and made by Terry Zwigoff.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, DB p.52)(SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A31)

1985        Orrin Keepnews formed Landmark Records, a boutique label that allowed him to explore new recordings.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)

1985        Bruce Lundvall and Michael Cuscuna revived and regenerated the Blue Note label.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)

1986        Jun 13, Benny Goodman (77), the clarinet-playing "King of Swing," died in NYC.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1986        Jun 17, Singer Kate Smith died in Raleigh, N.C., at age 79.
    (AP, 6/17/97)

1986        "American Musicians: Portraits in Jazz" by Whitney Balliett was published. An expanded version came out in 1996.
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A18)

1986        The documentary film "Ornette: Made in America" was about the jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman and made by Shirley Clarke (d.1997 at 72).
    (SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)

1986        The Bertrand Tavernier film "Round Midnight" featured Dexter Gordon as jazz artist Bud Powell, and mixed in elements in the life of saxophonist Lester Young.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, DB p.42)

1986        Dee Dee Bridgewater moved to Paris and began to establish a large following for her jazz vocals.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.14)

1986        The film "Saxophone Colossus" was made by Robert Mugge. It was about Sonny Rollins.
    (SFEM, 9/26/99, p.12)

1986        Sonny Rollins recorded "G-Man."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.38)

1986        Thad Jones, the brother of Elvin Jones, died at age 53. He played the trumpet and co-piloted the Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, DB p.44)

1987        May 30, Turk Murphy (b.1915), San Francisco-based trombone player and jazz singer, died of bone cancer in San Francisco.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turk_Murphy)(SSFC, 1/27/19, p.A2)

1987        Oct 28, Woody Herman (74), US jazz clarinetist and composer, died. [see Oct 29]
    (MC, 10/28/01)

1987        Oct 29, Woody Herman (b.1913), US jazz clarinetist and composer, died in Los Angeles at age 74. The government had just seized his home for back taxes. His manager Abe Turchen had not paid taxes on musician salaries for 3 years. Gene Lees later authored "Leader of the Band: Woody Herman."
    (AP, 10/29/97)(WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A14)

1987        Jeannie Cheatham, singer-pianist, recorded the album "Homeward Bound." The album featured jazz critic Stanley Dance (d.1999 at 88) chanting on the track "Sometimes It Be That Way."
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.A19)
1987        Gerry Mulligan recorded Symphonic Dreams with the Houston Symphony. The recording includes his Entente, a composition for baritone sax and orchestra.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-11)

1987        John Santos formed the Machete Ensemble in the SF Bay Area. From Afro-Cuban and Afro-Caribbean music the band moved to Latin jazz and traditional classic jazz.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.49)

1987        Jazz at Lincoln Center was launched as a concert series in NYC. In 1998 JALC was allocated 100,000 square feet in the Time Warner Center.
    (Econ, 4/26/14, p.84)

1987        Alfred Lion, founder of the Blue Note label, died.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)
1987        Buddy Rich (b.1917), jazz drummer, died.
    (SFC, 6/1/01, p.C11)

1988        May 13, Chet Baker (b1929), jazz trumpet player, died in Amsterdam after "falling" from a hotel window. A documentary on his life: "Let’s Get Lost," produced and directed by Bruce Weber, was released in [1987] 1989. Baker played with Gerry Mulligan in a pianoless quartet that brought him fame as a leading member of the West Coast "cool school." Baker’s personal memoir "As Though I Had Wings" was written in the late 70s and published in 1997. In 2000 J. De Valk authored "Chet Baker: His Life and Music." In 2002 James Gavin authored the biography "Deep in a Dream."
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.4)(WSJ, 5/16/02, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chet_Baker)

1988        May 28, Melvin J. Oliver (b.1910), US jazz composer (Sy Oliver), orchestra leader, died in NYC.

1988        Mark Tucker helped write "Jazz From the Beginning," an autobiography of early jazz musician Garvin Bushell.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C17)

1988        Clint Eastwood made his film "Bird," an ode to Jazz musician Charlie Parker.
    (SFC,10/31/97, p.C7)

1988        Dick Wellstood, jazz pianist, died at 59. His solo piano recording "Live at the Sticky Wicket" became available in 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.W14)

1989        Jan 21, Billy Tipton (b.1914), jazz musician, died. Billy passed for a man for over 50 years with 5 marriages. In 1998 Diane Wood Middlebrook published "Suits Me: The Double Life of Billy Tipton."
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, BR p.1,8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Tipton)

1989        Miles Davis wrote his autobiography.
    (SFC,11/14/97, p.C12)
1989        Gunther Schuller authored “The Swing Era."
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)
1989        Artie Shaw, former jazz clarinetist, authored the novel "The Best of Intentions."
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W14)
1989        The film "Let’s Get Lost" was made by Bruce Weber and featured jazz-man Chet Baker.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, DB p.52)
1989        Kimball Allen (1920-2011) opened Kimball’s East in Emeryville, Ca. It soon became recognized as a world-class jazz club.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.C5)

1990        Apr 3, Sarah Vaughan (66), Jazz singer, died in suburban Los Angeles.
    (AP, 4/3/00)

1990        Apr 25, Dexter Gordon (67), jazz saxophonist, died in Philadelphia.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1990        Ella Fitzgerald recorded "All That Jazz."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1990        The film "Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones" with Oprah Winfrey was produced.
    (SFC,10/26/97, Par p.A12)

1990        Glenn Spearman, saxophonist and composer, formed the Glenn Spearman Double Trio. The group recorded 3 CDs.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A21)

1991        Feb 20, Quincy Jones’ "Back on the Block" was named album of the year at the 33rd Annual Grammy Awards.
    (AP, 2/20/01)

1991        Jun 6, Stan Getz (b. 1928), jazz saxophonist, died in California, at age 64. His biography, "Stan Getz" by Donald Maggin, was published in 1996.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.E5)(AP, 6/6/01)

1991        Sep 28, Jazz great Miles Davis died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 65.
    (AP, 9/28/01)

1991        "The Jazz and Blues Lover’s Guide to the US" by Christiane Bird was published by Addison-Wesley.
    (NH, 9/96, p.62)

1991        Jazz saxophonist Joe Henderson signed with Verve Records. His first 3 albums with Verve were: "Lush Life," "So Near, So Far," and "Double Rainbow."
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, DB p.32)

1992        The CD "Live at Maybeck Recital Hall" on Concord Jazz featured Cedar Walton and Billy Higgins.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1992        Drummer  Roy Haynes recorded "Te Vou!" on Dreyfus with Donald Harrison on sax, David Kikoski on piano, Pat Metheny on guitar, and Wilbur Ware on bass.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)

1993        Jan 6, Jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie died in Englewood, N.J., at age 75. In 1999 Alyn Shipton published "Groovin' High: The Life of Dizzy Gillespie."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.34)(AP, 1/6/98)(SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.4)

1993        Mar 9, Bob Crosby (b.1913), swing-era bandleader (Bobcats), died of cancer.

1993        David Meltzer (1937-2016), poet and musician, authored “Reading Jazz".
    (SFC, 1/3/17, p.A4)
1993        Dee Dee Bridgewater received a Grammy nomination for her album "Keeping Tradition."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.14)
1993        Ron Carter, bass player, recorded his album "Friends" that included works by Rachmaninoff and Chopin.
    (WSJ, 2/26/97, p.A16)
1993        The album "It Don’t Mean a Thing" on Enja featured Elvin Jones with Nicholas Payton, Sonny Fortune, Delfeayo Marsalis, Willie Pickins, Cecil McBee and others.
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.32)
1993        Joshua Redman recorded "Joshua Redman" in a debut album that included his meditation on "Body and Soul."
    (SFC, 8/24/98, p.B1)

1994        Apr 16, Ralph Ellison (b.1914), author of "Invisible Man," died in New York of pancreatic cancer at age 80. His unfinished novel "Juneteenth" was published in 1999. His books also included "Living With Music." In 2002 Lawrence Jackson authored "Ralph Ellison: Emergence of Genius."
    (AP, 4/16/99)(WSJ, 6/18/99, p.W13)(WSJ, 6/14/02, p.W11)

1994        Nov 18, Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (b.1907), American jazz singer and bandleader, died in Hockessin, Del., at age 86.
    (AP, 11/18/99)

1994        The documentary film "A Great Day in Harlem" told the story of the 1958 photograph by Art Kane of 4 decades of jazz greats.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, DB p.46)

1994        Toshiko Akiyoshi, jazz pianist and composer, recorded solo "Live at Maybeck Hall."
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.16)

1994        Ron Carter, bass player, recorded his album "Ron Carter Meets Bach".
    (WSJ, 2/26/97, p.A16)

1994        Wayne Shorter and Herbie Hancock reunited to record the Grammy winning album "A Tribute to Miles."
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1994        Mayor Emanuel Cleaver of Kansas City spent $140,000 in public money to buy a plastic saxophone that belonged to Charlie Parker.
    (WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A20)

1994        Connie Kay, drummer for the MJQ, died. The Modern Jazz Quarter reunited for its last performance with Mickey Roker sitting in for Kay. Kay was replaced by Percy heath’s brother Albert "Tootie" Heath and continue to play until Jackson’s death in 1999.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)(SFC, 3/31/01, p.A21)

1994        Raymond Scott, composer born as Harry Warnow in Brooklyn, died. He mixed jazz, classical and klezmer sounds as backdrop for cartoons in the 1930s. In 1991 the compilation CD "The Music of Raymond Scott: Reckless Nights and Turkish Twilights" was produced.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.E3)

1995        Apr 16, Cleo Brown (b.1909), boogie pianist, died in Denver, Colorado.

1995        Apr, Don Grolnick (1948-1996), pianist, songwriter and producer, was musical director for the Rainforest Foundation concert at Carnegie Hall. An album by his Latin jazz group, Medianoche, was to be released in 8/96.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A19)

1995        The Rizzoli book "The Blue Note Years" was published.
    (WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)

1995        Dee Dee Bridgewater released her album "Love and Peace -- A Tribute to Horace Silver."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.9)

1995        Ornette Coleman and his band Prime Time released the album "Tone Dialing."
    (WSJ, 7/16/97, p.A20)

1995        David G. Monette presented Wynton Marsalis with a $30,000, 24-karat gold-plated trumpet.
    (WSJ, 1/29/00, p.A24)

1995        Don Cherry (b.1937), jazz trumpet player, died near Malaga, Spain of liver failure on Dec. 19, 1995.
    (WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A-1)

1995        Phil Hardyman (d.1998 at 65), teacher at the Jazzschool in Berkeley, was the Bammie Award for outstanding music educator.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.D7)

1995        John Larkin (d.1999 at 57), jazz pianist and songwriter, released his debut album "Scatman's World."
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A25)

1996        Jan 20,  Gerry Mulligan, baritone saxophonist, died in Darien, Conn. at 68. He helped create the cool jazz movement.
    (WSJ, 1/22/96, p.A-1)

1996        Jan, Nonesuch released "Passion Flower: Fred Hersch Plays Billy Strayhorn."
    (WSJ, 1/31/97, p.A16)

1996        May 25, Barney Wilen, French saxophonist, died at age 59.
    (SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)

1996        May 28, Jazz pianist and composer Jimmy Rowles died at age 77.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)

1996        May 31, The Zildjian Co., maker of percussion equipment, under directions from Alex Acuna is developing new cymbals to be played with open palms.
    (WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B1)

1996        Jun 15, Ella Fitzgerald, jazz singer, died at age 78.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A1)

1996        Jun 16, "But Beautiful, A Book About Jazz" by Geoff Dyer was reviewed by Ted Gioia. The book profiles 8 jazz musicians: Thelonious Monk, Duke Ellington, Lester Young, Bud Powell, Art Pepper, Chet Baker, Ben Webster, and Charles Mingus.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.10)

1996        Aug 15, Joseph DiLauro, pianist, died at age 88. He had accompanied Cab Calloway, the Ink Spots, Joe Penner, Ray Bolger and Vaughn Monroe. During the depression he conducted the Akron Civic Concert Orchestra.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.C2)

1996        Aug 16, Miles Goodman (1949-1996), jazz record producer and composer, died. He composed or orchestrated for such films as Footloose, La Bamba, and Being There.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.A18)

1996        Aug 22, Verve Records released the new "Kansas City" movie soundtrack.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)

1996        Sep 11, There was a review of "Big Band Renaissance: The Evolution of the Jazz Orchestra," compiled by Bill Kirchner and released by The Smithsonian Institution.
    (WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A20)

1996        Oct 6, The new "Images of Jazz: Photographs by Lee Tanner" was reviewed.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.13)

1996        Oct 23-Nov 3, The 14th annual San Francisco Jazz Festival.
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.23)

1996        Oct 11, Johnny Costa (b.1922), pianist, died. He played the theme to Mr. Roger’s Neighborhood and was the show’s musical director for 30 years. He was also the music director for the Mike Douglas Show. His jazz albums include: Johnny Costa (trio) Plays Mister Roger’s Neighborhood.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A19)

1996        Nov 5, Eddie Harris (1934-1996), tenor saxophonist, died. His recordings included "Freedom Jazz Dance" and "Compared to What."
    (SFC, 11/8/96, p.A25)

1996        Nov 6, The new Karrin Allyson album "Collage" from Concord Jazz was reviewed. Her first album was "I Didn’t Know About You." She was backed by world-class local musicians from Kansas City.
    (WSJ, 11/6/96, p.A21)

1996        Nov 20, "Reading Jazz: A Gathering of Autobiography, Reportage, and Criticism from 1919 to Now," ed. by Robert Gottlieb was reviewed along with "American Musicians II: Seventy-One Portraits in Jazz" by Whitney Balliett.
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A18)

1996        Dec 23, Ronnie Scott (69), saxophonist, died of an accidental barbiturate overdose in London. He had founded Scot’s Club in Soho in 1959.
    (SFC, 2/7/97, p.D9)

1996        Dec 27, Johnny Heartsman, blues guitarist, died in Sacramento, Ca. He also played the organ, piano and flute. He played with Jimmy Wilson, Johnny Fuller, Joe Simon, Al King, and Tiny Powell. He recorded "Johnny’s House party" in 1957. His album "The Touch" came out in 1991.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.A22)

1996        Whitney Balliet, jazz critic for the New Yorker magazine, authored “American Musicians II," an expanded version of his work from a decade earlier.
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)

1996        Robert Gottlieb edited “Reading Jazz," an anthology of writing on jazz.
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)

1996        Dec, Herbie Hancock helped produce "Living Jazz," a CD-ROM historical tour of Jazz.
    (SFEC, 12/7/96, BR p.6)

1996        Carl Woideck published "Charlie Parker--His Music and Life."
    (MT, Spg. ‘97, p.11)

1996        The Buena Vista Social Club, a Cuban recording group organized by Ry Cooder, recorded its debut album (released in 1997), at EGREM studios in Havana. The group featured Orlando "Cachaito" Lopez, Compay Segundo, Omara Portuondo, Ry Cooder and others. In 1999 the documentary film "Buena Vista Social Club" was made by Wim Wenders.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.B1)(SFEM, 10/3/99, p.31)

1997        Feb, Orrin Keepnews accepted the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences Governors Award for Outstanding Achievement at the Bay Area GRAMMY Nominees Celebration.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.28)

1997        Mar 10, LaVern Baker (67), rhythm and blues singer, died. She had been discovered as a teenager by Fletcher Henderson in Chicago singing as "Little Miss Sharecropper."
    (SFC, 3/12/97, p.A9)

1997        Mar 27, World renowned classical harpist De Wayne Fulton died at 64. He pioneered the amplification of harps for performing jazz and pop on the instrument.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.D2)

1997        May 7, The Oakland Jazz club Yoshi’s was scheduled to open at its new location at Jack London Square in Oakland.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, DB p.37)

1997        Jun 2, Adolphus "Doc" Cheatham (91), trumpeter, died in Washington.
    (WSJ, 6/03/97, p.A1)

1997        Jun 21, Arthur Prysock, singer, died at age 74. He was best known for his album "In the Mood." He received Grammy nominations in 1987 and 1988.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A19)

1997        Jul 3, Blues guitarist Johnny Copeland (b.1937), the "Texas Twister," died. His 1985 "Showdown" album with Albert Collins (d.1993) and Robert Cray won a Grammy for best traditional blues recording.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.C3)

1997        Jul 29, Chuck Wayne (aka Charles Jagelka), jazz guitarist, died at 74. He wrote instruction books for guitarists under the series title "The School of Chuck Wayne." He played be-bob and recorded with Dizzie Gillespie on the albums "Groovin High" and "Blue-n-Boogie." In the 1970s he played often in a duo with guitarist Joe Puma.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1997        Sep 5, The new Kansas City Jazz Museum opened next to the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum.
    (WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A20)

1997        Sep, "The Riverside Records Story, " a 4 CD label overview on Fantasy Records was released along with "Monterey Jazz Festival: 40 Legendary Years," a 3 CD collection on Clint Eastwood’s Malpaso Records label.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)

1997        Dec 1, Stephane Grappelli, jazz violinist, died in Paris. In the mid-30s the Quintet of the Hot Club of France, with Grappelli and Django Reinhardt, recorded "Tiger Rag," "Dinah," and "Lady Be Good." His albums included "Live at Carnegie Hall, "Jazz Round Midnight," "Plays Jerome Kern," "Tivoli Gardens" (1979), "Satin Doll," ‘’Stardust," ‘For Django," and "Plays Gershwin."
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)(SFC, 12/4/97, p.E3)

1997        Dec 21, Johnny Coles (71), jazz trumpeter, died in Philadelphia. His records included "The Warm Sound of Johnny Coles" and "Little Johnny C."
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.B6)

1997        Dec 31, David Rosenbaum (82), jazz historian, died in Manteca. He owned the Melrose Record Shop on Fillmore and Rhythm Records on Sutter Street in SF. Poet Maya Angelou worked in his store when she was a Mission High schoolgirl then named Marguerite Johnson.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A17)

1997        The Monterey Festival commissioned Gerald Wilson to write a work in commemoration of its 40th anniversary and Wilson wrote "Theme for Monterey."
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.16)

1997        Wayne Shorter, saxophonist, and Herbie Hancock, pianist, released their new CD "1+1."
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1997        The Smithsonian published the 4-CD collection of Blue Note recordings: "Hot Jazz on Blue Note," along with a 96-page book by Don Morgenstern, director of Jazz studies at Rutgers Univ.
    (WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)

1997        Chronicle Books released a series of books on the Paris Jazz club, Aerobleu: "Pilot’s Journey" by the owner Max Morgan; "Observations from the Bar and Martini Diaries" by manager Leslie Ann Nash. Also published was "Jazz" by photographer William Claxton and "Seeing Jazz: Artists and Writers on Jazz."
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.6)

1997        Ted Gioia, musician and writer, published "The History of Jazz." He had also written "The Imperfect Art" and "West Coast Jazz."
    (SFEC,12/14/97, BR p.5)

1997        Bass Player Beverly Peer (1913-1997) died.
    (SFC, 1/27/97, p.A20)

1997        Tony Williams (51), jazz drummer, died in Daly City. He had worked with Miles Davis and helped form the jazz-rock fusion trio Lifetime. His latest recording was "Wilderness."
    (SFC, 2/25/97, p.B2)

1998        Jan 24, Walter Bishop Jr., jazz pianist, died at age 70 in Manhattan. He recorded with Miles Davis, Charlie Parker and others.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.B2)

1998        Jan, Tom Brown, radio personality and jazz lover, died in LA at age 67. He ran a jazz club in Cleveland and went on to Philadelphia where he did the radio show "The Thomas Brown Affair" from 1960-1968.  He then moved to SF where he worked on KNBR for 9 years.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, p.A15)

1998        Feb 6, Rev. John Garcia Gensel (80), head of the "jazz ministry" at St. Peter’s Lutheran Church in NYC, died.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, p.A24)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.D10)

1998        Jul 2, Errol Parker, drummer pianist and composer, died in Manhattan at age 72. He was born Raphel Schecroun in Oran, Algeria, and was known for the song "Lorre," a classical jazz hit in France. He started his Sahara Records label in 1967 and issued over a dozen records. He wrote a memoir in 1995 published by Cadence Books.
    (SFC, 7/7/98, p.A20)

1998        Jul 25, Tal Farrow, guitarist, died at age 77. He was an early follower of bebop and was influenced by the playing of Bud Powell.
    (SFC, 7/29/98, p.A20)

1998        Sep 26, Betty Carter, jazz singer, died at age 69 of pancreatic cancer.
    (SFC, 9/28/98, p.D3)

1998        Oct  3, John Gordon Markham, SF jazz drummer, died at age 72.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.C4)

1998        Oct 8, Glenn Spearman, saxophonist and composer, died at age 51. A collection of his poems and philosophy: "Musaphysics," was published in 1997 by Small Press Distribution in Berkeley.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A21)

1998        Oct 31, The 16th annual SF Jazz Festival began. It was to be an 11-day, 26-show marathon.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.E1)

1998        Bob Haggart, jazz artist and arranger, died at age 84. He wrote "South Rampart Street Parade" and "What’s New." He was part of the Bob Crosby Orchestra, known as the Bob Cats, from1935 to 1942.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A25)

1998        Gary Giddins authored "Visions of Jazz: The First Century."
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, BR p.8)

1998        Angela Y. Davis wrote: "Blue Legacies and Black Feminism: Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, Bessie Smith and Billie Holiday.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, BR p.1)

1998        The film Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog was directed by Don McGlynn.
    (SFC, 4/27/98, p.E3)

1998        Eric Nisenson wrote: "Blue: The Murder of Jazz." Scott DeVeaux wrote: "The History of Bebop: A Social and Musical History."
    Ted Gioia wrote: "The History of Jazz."
    (WSJ, 1/30/98, p.A12)

1999        Jan 6, Michel Petrucciani, jazz pianist, died at age 36. He suffered from osteogenesis imperfecta, aka glass bone disease, that restricted his height to 3 feet. His albums included "Michel Plays Petrucciani" (1986), "Pianism" (1986), and "Promenade With Duke" (1993).
    (USAT, 1/7/99, p.1D)

1999        Jan 21, Charles Brown (b.1922), African-American rhythm and blues pioneer, died. In 1947 his song “Merry Christmas Baby" became a perennial hit.
    (SFC, 2/21/08, p.E8)(http://elvispelvis.com/charlesbrown.htm)

1999        Feb 11, Jaki Byard (76), jazz pianist, saxophonist and teacher, was shot dead in his home in Queens.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)

1999        Mar 4, Theodore McRae, jazz arranger and composer, died at age 91.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F4)

1999        Mar 28, Joe Williams, jazz singer, died in Las Vegas at age 80. Critic Will Friedwald in his book "Jazz Singers" compared Williams to Jimmy Rushing.
    (SFC, 4/1/99, p.C2)

1999        Apr 6, Red Norvo, born as Kenneth Norville in Beardstown, Ill., died at age 91. He is credited with introducing the xylophone to jazz. He and his wife, singer Mildred Bailey, recorded such hits as "Rockin' Chair," "Please Be Kind," "Says My Heart," and "Have You Forgotten So Soon?"
    (SFC, 4/8/99, p.C5)

1999        Jun 5, Mel Torme (b.1925), singer and pianist, died at age 73 in Los Angeles. In 1970 Torme published "The Other Side of the Rainbow." His songs included the Nat King Cole hit "The Christmas Song" (Chestnuts roasting on an open fire…).
    (SFEC, 6/6/99, p.C7)(AP, 6/5/00)

1999        Jun 5, Ernie Wilkins, composer and saxophonist, died at age 79 in Copenhagen. He wrote the 1955 tune "Every Day (I Have the Blues) recorded by Count Basie with singer Joe Williams.
    (SFC, 6/7/99, p.A20)

1999        Jun, Jabu Nkosi, jazz keyboardist from South Africa, died in Johannesburg at age 46. He was the son of alto sax and clarinet player Zakes Nkosi.
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.C6)

1999        Jun, Jackie McLean, saxophonist, opened the $7 million community center for the arts in Hartford, Conn.
    (SFEM, 10/3/99, p.10)

1999        Jul 27, Harry "Sweets" Edison (83), jazz trumpeter, died in Columbus, Ohio, of cancer.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 3, Leroy Vinnegar, jazz bassist, died at age 71 in Portland. His albums included "Leroy Walks."
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A21)

1999        Oct 9, Milt Jackson, vibraphonist for the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ), died at age 76 in Manhattan. His compositions included "Bags' Groove," "Bluesology," and "The Cylinder."
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

1999        Nov 8, Lester Bowie (58), jazz trumpeter and founder of the Art Ensemble of Chicago, died of liver cancer.
    (WSJ, 11/10/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 13, John Benson Brooks, jazz composer, arranger and songwriter, died at age 82 in Manhattan. His work included "The Twelves," a 12-tone jazz piece.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.C4)

1999        Dec 2, Charlie Byrd, jazz guitarist, died at age 74.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D7)

1999        Dec 17, Grover Washington Jr., jazz saxophonist, died at age 56 during a TV taping session in NYC.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.C5)

1999        Paul Bley wrote his autobiography "Stopping Time: Paul Bley and the Transformation of Jazz."
    (SFEM, 10/1/00, p.13)

1999        The jazz documentary film "Louis Prima: The Wildest" was directed by Don McGlynn. Prima was a popular New Orleans Italian American trumpeter singer during the 40s and 50s.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.C7)

1999        The documentary film "Sweet and Lowdown" starred Sean Penn, Uma Thurman and Samantha Morton. It was directed by Woody Allen and was about Emmet Ray, a jazz guitarist of the 1930s.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.B5)

1999        Richard M. Sudhalter authored "Lost Chords: White Musicians and their Contributions to Jazz."
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.W6)

1999        Bruce Lundvall of Blue Note issued a 60-year anniversary 14-CD set with 149 tracks: "The Blue Note Years." It included a book with photographs and listed for $199.98.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)

2000        cJan 4, Nat Adderley, cornetist and the brother of Julian "Canonball" Adderley, died at age 68. His compositions included "Work Song" and "Jive Samba."
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.C3)

2000        Jan 31, Ross Russell, founder of Dial Records, died at age 90. Russell also authored a biography of Charlie Parker and "Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest" and the jazz novel "The Sound," based on Charlie Parker.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.D6)

2000        Feb 13, Conald "Tee" Carson, jazz pianist and bandleader, died at age 71. Carson held a day job throughout his career as a US Marshall. He led the Count Basie orchestra for 3 years after the death of Basie in 1984.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A21)

2000        Mar 24, Al Grey, jazz trombonist, died at age 74. He recorded 30 albums on his own and appeared on another 70. He also wrote a book on the plunger mute.
    (SFC, 3/27/00, p.A28)

2000        May 21, Benjamin Drootin (Buzzy Drootin), Russian-born jazz drummer, died at age 80.
    (SFC, 5/26/00, p.D3)

2000        May 24, Merrill Hoover, SF jazz pianist, died at age 71. He accompanied Anita O’Day for several decades and worked with Mary Stallings.
    (SFC, 5/26/00, p.D5)

2000        May 30, Tex Beneke, saxophonist and band leader, died at age 86.
    (SFC, 5/31/00, p.A23)

2000        May 31, Tito Puente, Latin jazz bandleader, died at age 77. He recorded some 119 albums from 1949 to 2000.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.D2)

2000        Jun 4, Julian Lage (12) prodigy jazz guitarist, performed at the Healdsburg Jazz Festival.
    (SFC, 6/1/00, p.E1)

2000        Jun 23, Jerome Richardson (b.1920), SF Bay Area jazz musician, died.
    (SFC, 2/19/08, p.D1)(www.jazzhouse.org/gone/lastpost2.php3?edit=962098717)

2000        Sep 12, Stanley Turrentine, saxophonist, died at age 66.
    (SFC, 9/13/00, p.A23)

2000        Oct 7, Dennis Sandole, jazz guitarist and mentor to John Coltrane, died at age 87. He authored "Guitar Lore" in 1981. He also wrote a jazz ballet/opera called "Evenin’ Is Cryin" in the 1960s-70s.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.C3)

2000        Dec 19, Milt Hinton, jazz bassist and photographer, died at age 90.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.D9)

2000        Dec 22, Jim Burke, San Francisco jazz pianist, died at age 64. His single CD was a live recording called "Hands On" (1999).
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A16)

2000        Bill Kirchner edited "The Oxford Companion to Jazz."
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, BR p.7)

2000        Eric Nisenson authored "Open Sky: Sonny Rollins and His World of Improvisation."
    (WSJ, 4/24/00, p.A36)

2000        Bruce Ricker produced and directed the film "Jim Hall: A Life in Progress. Hall's jazz albums included "By Arrangement."
    (SFEM, 3/26/00, p.12)

2000        The CD "Scott Robinson Plays C-Melody Saxophone: Melody from the Sky" was released on Arbors Records.
    (WSJ, 8/4/00, p.W7)

2001        Jan 17, Norris Turney, composer and conductor, died at age 79. He played alto sax and flute with the Duke Ellington Orchestra and his lone CD as a band leader was called "Big, Sweet ‘N Blue."
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A24)

2001        Feb 4, J.J. Johnson (77), slide trombone player, took his own life in Indianapolis. In the 1950s he toured the jazz world with Kai Winding and made over a dozen recordings.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.B3)

2001        Mar 29, John Lewis, pianist and musical director of the Modern Jazz Quartet, died in Manhattan at age 80.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A21)

2001        Apr 1, Joshua Redman and his quartet premiered the "Passage of Time," an 8-movement, hour-long jazz suite in San Francisco’s Masonic Auditorium.
    (SFC, 4/3/01, p.C3)

2001        May 3, Billy Higgins, jazz drummer, died in Inglewood, Ca., at age 64.
    (SFC, 5/4/01, p.D6)

2001        May 19, Susannah McCorkle (55), pop-jazz singer, jumped to her death in Manhattan in an apparent suicide.
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, p.A29)

2001        Jun 21, John Lee Hooker, blues musician, died at age 83. His tunes included "Boom, Boom," and "Boogie Chillen."
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 27, Chico O’Farrill, Afro-Cuban jazz trumpeter, died at age 79 in NY.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/30/01, p.A18)

2001        Jun 30, Joe Henderson, tenor saxophonist, died in SF at age 64. His work included 27 albums and CDs.
    (SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A20)

2001        Aug 17, Flip Phillips, tenor saxophonist, died at age 86.
    (SFC, 8/20/01, p.A15)

2001        Aug 23, Frank Emilio Flynn, blind pianist and Latin jazz pioneer, died at age 80 in Havana.
    (SFC, 8/30/01, p.C2)

2001        Sep 2, Jay Migliori, jazz saxophonist, died at age 70.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A28)

2001        Oct 16, Etta Jones, jazz vocalist, died in Manhattan at age 72.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A21)

2001        Oct 4 John Collins, jazz guitarist, died at age 83.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov 13, David "Panama" Francis, drummer, died at age 82. He played with the Savoy Sultans in Harlem. In 1999 he published his autobiography: "David Gets His Drum."
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A23)

2001        Nov 21, Ralph Burns, jazz arranger and composer, died in LA at age 79.
    (SFC, 12/3/01, p.A17)

2001        Nov 22, Norman Granz, Jazz producer, died at age 83. He was the owner of the Clef, Norgran, Verve and Pablo record labels.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.D3)

2001        Dec 14, Conte Candoli, jazz trumpeter, died at age 74. He played on Johnny Carson’s Tonight Show for over 20 years.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A21)

2001        Dec 30, Ralph Sutton (79) stride pianist, died in Aspen, Colo. He was a founding member of the World’s Greatest Jazz Band (1968-1975).
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)

2002        Feb 2, Kermit Scott, sax player and bebop pioneer, died at age 87.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A21)

2002        Feb 8, Nick Brignola, jazz saxophonist, died at age 65.
    (SFC, 2/11/02, p.B5)

2002        Apr 9, Juno Lewis (70), composer, instrument-maker and musician, died. His compositions included "Kulu Se Mama" recorded by John Coltrane.
    (SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)

2002        Jun, Ray Brown had his last album released: "Some of My Best Friends Are Guitarists."
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)

2002        Jul 2, Ray Brown (b.1926), jazz bassist, died in Indianapolis.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)

2002        Aug 15, Larry Rivers (78), painter, sculptor, jazz musician and poet, died in Southampton, NY.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A25)

2002        Aug 31, Lionel Hampton (94), American jazz icon, died in New York City. He pioneered and popularized the vibraphone as a jazz instrument in a musical career that spanned six decades beginning in the 1920s.
    (AP, 8/31/03)

2002        Sep 29, Ellis Larkins (79), jazz pianist, died in Baltimore.
    (SFC, 10/5/02, p.A19)

2002        Nov 20, Bill Berry (72), jazz cornetist, died. He played with the Duke Ellington Band 1961-1964, and in "The Merv Griffin Show" band for 15 years.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A29)

2002        Dec 2, Mal Waldron (77), jazz pianist, died. He was the last accompanist for Billie Holiday and composed "Soul Eyes," a ballad for John Coltrane.
    (SFC, 12/4/02, p.A28)

2002        Dec 5, Arvell Shaw (b.1923), bass player for Louis Armstrong groups, died in Roosevelt, NY. He worked with Armstrong from 1945-1970.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A22)

2002        Dec 13, Stella Brooks (b.1910), jazz singer, died.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.A23)

2002        The TV documentary "Willie the Lion: A Musical Biography" was produced by Marc Fields and released by NJN Public Television.
    (WSJ, 12/30/03, p.D8)

2003        Feb 1, Mongo Santamaria (81/85), Cuban-born Latin jazzman, died in Miami.
    (WSJ, 2/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/5/03, p.A22)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E4)

2003        Apr 21, Ninone Simone (b.1933), dubbed the high priestess of soul, died in France. She was born as Eunice Waymon in Tryon, NC., and had her 1st hit in 1959 with "I Loves You, Porgy." In 1992 Simone had authored her own memoir: “I Put a Spell on You." In 2010 Nadine Cohodas authored “Princess Noire: The Tumultuous Reign of Nina Simone."
    (SFC, 4/22/03, A21)(AP, 4/21/08)(SSFC, 2/14/10, p.F1)

2003        Jul 1, Herbie Mann, jazz flutist, died in Pecos, NM. He was born Apr 16, 1930, as Herbert Jay Solomon in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SFC, 7/3/03, p.A2)

2003        Jul 12, Benny Carter (95), jazz musician, composer and bandleader, died in Los Angeles. He was know as "The King." His work included arrangements for the 1943 film "Stormy Weather."
    (SFC, 7/14/03, p.B4)(WSJ, 7/16/03, p.D8)

2003        Jul 13, Compay Segundo (95), a once-forgotten Cuban musician who gained worldwide fame with the "Buena Vista Social Club," died in Havana.
    (AP, 7/14/03)

2003        Jul 28, Aaron Bell, jazz bassist with Duke Ellington, died in NYC.
    (EntW, 12/03, p.94)

2003        Jul 30, Howard "Louie Bluie" Armstrong (94), blues fiddler, died in Boston.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, DB p.52)(SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A31)

2003        Oct 9, Carl Fontana (75), jazz trombonist, died in Las Vegas. He created the technique called "doodle tonguing."
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A18)

2003        Nov 19, Jim Hall, jazz guitarist, was named a winner of the Jazz Masters Awards. There have been 73 recipients since the NEA established the awards in 1982.
    (WSJ, 11/19/03, p.D12)

2003        Dec 23, Hans Koller (82), Austrian jazz saxophonist, died. In 1946 he founded the Hot Club Vienna and later launched an international career.
    (SFC, 12/24/03, p.A16)

2004        Jan 21, Jerry Stoll (80), jazz photographer, died in Oakland, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/7/04, p.A20)

2004        Jan 30, Malachi Favors (76), jazz bassist for the Art Ensemble of Chicago, died in Chicago.
    (SFC, 2/9/04, p.B4)

2004        Feb 14, Walter Perkins (72), jazz drummer, died of cancer in NYC. He led the MJT + 3 band in the 1960s.
    (SFC, 2/02/04, p.A17)

2004        Feb 18, Vince Cattolica (80), blind San Francisco jazz clarinetist, died.
    (SFC, 2/04/04, p.A23)

2004        Apr 25, Claude Williams (96), jazz violinist, died in Kansas City, Mo.
    (SFC, 4/28/04, p.B7)

2004        May 18, Elvin Ray Jones (76), renowned jazz drummer and member of John Coltrane's quartet who also played alongside Duke Ellington, Charlie Parker and Miles Davis, died in new Jersey.
    (AP, 5/19/04)

2004        Jul 22, Illinois Jacquet (81), jazz luminary known for his big sound on the tenor sax, died in NYC.
    (WSJ, 7/26/04, p.A1)

2004        Oct 3, Vernon Alley (89), jazz bassist, died in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 10/5/04, p.A1)

2004        Dec 30, Artie Shaw (94), jazz clarinetist, died in Thousand Oaks, Ca. His 8 wives included film stars Lana Turner and Ava Gardner. In 1952 he authored the autobiography: “The Trouble with Cinderella: An Outline of Identity." In 2010 Tom Nolan authored “Three Chords for Beauty’s Sake: The Life of Artie Shaw."
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.A1)(SSFC, 5/2/10, p.F5)

2005        Feb 8, Jimmy Smith (b.1928), reigning “Emperor of the Hammond Organ," died in Scottsdale, Az. Smith established the Hammond B-3 organ as a legitimate jazz instrument.
    (SFC, 2/10/04, p.B7)

2005        Apr 28, Percy Heath (81), bassist and last surviving member of the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ), died in Southampton, NY.
    (SFC, 4/30/05, p.B4)

2005        Jul 4, John Stubblefield (60), tenor saxophonist, died in NYC.
    (SFC, 7/12/05, p.B5)

2005        Jul 21, Long John Baldry (64), British blues musician, died in Canada.
    (WSJ, 7/25/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 29, Al McKibbon (86), jazz bassist, died in LA. He brought a masterly fusion of jazz and Latin music to the George Shearing quintet and other groups in the 1940s and '50s.
    (AP, 8/6/05)

2005        Broken Flowers, a French-American comedy-drama film, was written and directed by Jim Jarmusch and produced by Jon Kilik and Stacey Smith. The soundtrack featured Ethiopian jazz by Mulatu Astatke.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broken_Flowers)(Econ., 1/2/21, p.62)
2005        The US State Dept. began a program called Rhythm Road, which sent musicians to foreign countries as a form of cultural diplomacy.
    (Econ, 4/18/09, p.32)

2006        Aug 23, Maynard Ferguson (78), Canadian-born jazz trumpeter, died in Ventura, Ca.
    (SFC, 8/25/06, p.B11)

2006        Sep 2, Walter Redman (75), aka Dewey Redman, tenor saxophonist and bandleader, died in NYC. He cut his 1st album in SF in 1966.
    (SFC, 9/7/06, p.B7)

2006        Ashley Kahn authored “The House that Trane Built: The Story of Impulse Records."
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.92 )

2007        Jan 10, The US Postal Service honored Ella Fitzgerald (1917-1996), the First Lady of Song, with her own postage stamp.
    (AP, 1/10/07)(SFC, 1/10/07, p.E8)

2007        Jan 12, Alice Coltrane (b.1937), pianist, composer and wife of legendary saxophonist John Coltrane (d.1967), died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 1/16/07, p.B5)

2007        Feb 1, Whitney Balliett (80), jazz chronicler writer for the New Yorker magazine, died.
    (WSJ, 2/6/07, p.D5)

2007        Apr 10, Dakota Staton (b.1930), jazz singer, died in NYC. She was well known for her 1957 album “The Late, Late Show."
    (SFC, 4/21/07, p.B5)

2007        Jul 5, George Melly, English jazzman and writer, died in London of lung cancer.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Melly)

2007        Sep 11, Keyboardist Joe Zawinul (75), who played with Miles Davis and helped shape jazz fusion with his band Weather Report, died in his native city of Vienna.
    (Reuters, 9/11/07)

2007        Dec 14, Frank Morgan (73), jazz alto saxophonist, died at his home in Minneapolis. In the 1960s he played in the storied “warden’s band" at San Quentin State Prison with other prominent musician-inmates that included Art Pepper and Dupree Bolton. In 1991 he won the Downbeat Critics Poll for Best Alto Saxophonist.
    (SFC, 12/19/07, p.B5)

2007        Bob Blumenthal authored “Jazz: An Introduction to the History and Legends Behind America’s Music."
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)

2008        Apr 27, Hal Stein, veteran jazz saxophonist and teacher, died at his home in Oakland, Ca. His career spanned the swing and bebop eras of jazz.
    (SFC, 5/6/08, p.B5)

2008        May 15, Bob Florence (b.1932), a Grammy Award sinning bandleader, died in LA. His 18-piece Bob Florence Limited Edition band was considered one of the most musically challenging bands in jazz.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.B3)

2008        May 24, Jimmy McGriff (b.1936), blues organist, died in New Jersey.
    (SFC, 5/29/08, p.B5)

2008        May 26, Earle H. Hagen (b.1919), composer, died at his home in Rancho Mirage, Ca. He co-wrote the jazz classic "Harlem Nocturne" (1939) and composed memorable themes for "The Andy Griffith Show," "I Spy," "The Mod Squad" and other TV shows.
    (AP, 5/28/08)

2008        Aug 19, LeRoi Moore (46), versatile saxophonist, died of complications from injuries he suffered in an all-terrain vehicle accident. His signature staccato fused jazz and funk overtones onto the eclectic sound of the Dave Matthews Band.
    (AP, 8/20/08)

2008        Oct 11, William Claxton (b.1927), music and fashion photographer, died in Los Angeles. He had photographed his wife in 1964 in the Rudi Gernreich designed topless bathing suit and achieved recognition for his photos of jazz stars.
    (SFC, 10/14/08, p.B5)

2008        Oct 24, Merl Saunders (b.1934), jazz pianist, died in SF. He was best known as co-captain of guitarist Jerry Garcia’s solo excursions outside the Grateful Dead.
    (SFC, 10/25/08, p.B1)

2008        Dec 29, Freddie Hubbard (70), Grammy-winning jazz trumpeter, died.
    (WSJ, 12/30/08, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freddie_Hubbard)

2008        Ted Gioia authored Delta Blues: The Life and Times of the Mississippi Masters Who Revolutionized American Music.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.97)

2009        Feb 7, Blossom Dearie (b.1926), jazz pianist, singer and songwriter, died in NYC.
    (SFC, 2/11/09, p.B7)

2009        Feb 9, In Cuba Orlando "Cachaito" Lopez (b.1933), considered the "heartbeat" of Cuba's legendary Buena Vista Social Club for his internationally acclaimed bass playing, died of complications from prostate surgery.
    (AP, 2/9/09)

2009        Feb 14, Louie Bellson (b.1924), big band and jazz drummer, died. The master musician performed with such greats as Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman and his late wife, Pearl Bailey.
    (AP, 2/17/09)

2009        Apr 2, Bud Shank (b.1926), innovative jazz musician, died. He played the 33-second flute solo on the 1965 hit “California Dreamin," by the Mamas and Papas.
    (SFC, 4/10/09, p.B5)

2009        Aug 29, Chris Connor (b.1927 as Mary Loutsenhizer), jazz singer of the 1950s and 1960s, died. Her 2 charted hits included “I Miss You" (1956) and “Trust in Me" (1957).
    (SFC, 9/1/09, p.C5)

2010        Feb 6, Sir John Dankworth (b.1927), British jazz artist, died in London. His film score credits included “Darling" (1965), “Modesty Blaise" (1966) and the theme of television’s “The Avengers" (1961-1969).
    (SFC, 2/8/10, p.C3)(http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0060708/)

2010        Feb 15, Art Van Damme (b.1920), jazz accordionist, died. From 1945 to 1960 he worked for NBC, performing on The Dinah Shore Show, Tonight, The Dave Garroway Show and other radio and TV shows with Garroway. He recorded 130 episodes of the 15-minute The Art Van Damme Show for NBC Radio.

2010        May 6, SFJazz unveiled plans for the new 3-story, $60 million SF Jazz Center to rise at the corner of Fell and Franklin streets.
    (SFC, 5/6/10, p.A1)

2010        May 9, Lena Horne (b.1917), jazz singer and actress, died in NYC at age 92. She was known for her plaintive signature song "Stormy Weather" and for her triumph over the bigotry that allowed her to entertain white audiences but not socialize with them. In 1942's "Panama Hattie," her first movie with MGM, she sang Cole Porter's "Just One of Those Things," winning critical acclaim.
    (AP, 5/10/10)

2010        Jul 12, In Brazil Paulo Moura (77), clarinet jazz great and Latin Grammy winner, died after a fight against cancer.
    (AP, 7/13/10)

2010        Aug 14, Abbey Lincoln (b.1930), jazz singer and actress, died in Manhattan. Her first album, “Affair… a Story of a Girl in Love" (1956) was made the same year in which she appeared in her first film “The Girl Can’t Help It." From 1962-1970 she was married to drummer Max Roach.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, p.C10)

2010        Dec 9, James Moody (b.1925), jazz musician, died in San Diego. His work included over 50 solo albums.
    (SSFC, 12/12/10, p.C10)

2010        Dec 28, Dr. Billy Taylor (b.1921), jazz pianist and composer, died in Manhattan. His work included the ambitious “Suite for Jazz Piano and Orchestra" (1973).
    (SFC, 12/30/10, p.C6)(www.nojazzfest.com/chat/showthread.php?t=14270)

2011        Feb 14, George Shearing (1919), England-born jazz accordionist and pianist, died in NYC. The first 'George Shearing Quintet', a band with Margie Hyams (vibraphone), Chuck Wayne (guitar), later replaced by Toots Thielemans (billed as John Tillman), John Levy (bass) and Denzil Best (drums) recorded the immensely popular single "September in the Rain" (MGM), which sold over 900,000 copies.
    (SFC, 2/15/11, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Shearing)

2012        Dec 5, Dave Brubeck (b.1920), American pianist, jazz composer and band leader, died one day short of his 92nd birthday.
    (SFC, 12/6/12, p.A1)

2013        Jan 21, The new SFJazz Center opened at 201 Franklin St.
    (SFC, 1/22/13, p.A1)

2013        Feb 4, Donald Byrd, US jazz trumpeter, died in Delaware. He had joined Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers in 1955 after moving to NYC from Detroit. He and Pepper Adams made their Blue Note label debut with their “Off to the Races" album in 1959.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.C4)

2013        Aug 18, Albert Murray, American jazz critic, poet and novelist, died in Harlem. His books included "The Omni-Americans" (1970), "South to a Very Old Place" (1971), "Train Whistle Guitar" (1974) and "Stomping the Blues" (1976).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Murray_(writer))(Econ., 8/22/20, p.67)

2013        Aug 19, Cedar Walton (b.1934), esteemed jazz pianist, died at his home in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.D5)

2013        Aug 20, Mariam McPartland (95), renowned jazz pianist, died at her Port Washington home on Long Island, NY.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.D5)

2013        Nov 25, Chico Hamilton (b.1921), drummer and jazz master, died in NYC. His music included the sound track for Roman Polanski’s film “Repulsion" (1965).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chico_Hamilton)(SFC, 11/27/13, p.E2)

2013        Basel Rajoub, Syrian composer and saxophone player, and his ensemble Soriana launched their first CD, a meld of jazz and Middle Eastern improvisation.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.85)

2014        Jan 16, Bud Spangler (b.1938), jazz drummer, DJ and producer, died in Oakland, Ca.
    (SFC, 1/20/14, p.C4)

2014        Apr 20, Herb Wong, a leading West Coast jazz expert and educator, died at his home in Menlo Park, Ca. He started his own radio show on KJAZ in 1959 and continued until 1996.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.C3)

2014        Jul 16, Texas blues legend Johnny Winter (b.1944), died while on tour in Geneva. He was known for his lightning-fast blues guitar riffs, his striking long white hair and his collaborations with the likes of Jimi Hendrix and childhood hero Muddy Waters.
    (AP, 7/17/14)

2014        Dec 24, Buddy DeFranco, renowned jazz clarinetist, died in Panama City, Fl. He helped lead the trasition between the swing and bebop eras.
    (SFC, 12/27/14, p.C4)

2015        May 14, B.B. King (89), Mississippi-born blues guitarist and 15-time Grammy winner, died in Las Vegas.
    (SFC, 5/16/15, p.E1)

2015        May 20, Bob Belden (58), Grammy-winning jazz saxophonist, died in Manhattan following a heart attack. Last February he and his group, Animation, completed a 4-day tour of Iran.
    (SFC, 5/22/15, p.D7)

2015        Jun 11, Ornette Coleman (b.1930), Pulitzer Prize-winning composer and jazz saxophonist, died in Manhattan. His 1959 album “The Shape of Jazz to Come" emphasized rhythmic abandon and free improvisation.
    (SFC, 6/12/15, p.A8)

2015        Sep 29, Phil Woods (b.1931), a leading American jazz saxophist, died in Stroudsburg, Pa.
    (SFC, 10/1/15, p.D2)

2016        Apr 2, Latin Jazz saxophonist Leandro "Gato" Barbieri (83) died in NYC. He composed the Grammy-winning music for the steamy Marlon Brando film "Last Tango in Paris" and recorded dozens of albums over a career spanning more than seven decades.
    (AP, 4/3/16)

2016        Aug 6, Dixieland jazz clarinetist Pete Fountain (86) died in New Orleans.
    (SSFC, 8/7/16, p.C3)

2016        Aug 22, Belgian harmonica player Toots Thielemans (b.1922) died. His illustrious career included playing with jazz greats like Miles Davis and whose solos have figured on numerous film scores.
    (AP, 8/22/16)

2016        Ted Gioia authored “How to Listen to Jazz."
    (Econ, 4/23/16, p.71)

2018        Jan 23, Legendary South African jazz musician and anti-apartheid activist Hugh Masekela (78) died in Johannesburg after a decade-long fight with cancer.
    (AP, 1/23/18)

2018        Jun 1, Eddy Clearwater (83), Mississippi-born Chicago bluesman, died at his home in Skokie, Ill.
    (SFC, 6/7/18, p.D2)

2018        Sep 1, Randy Weston (b.1926), award-winning jazz pianist, died at his home in New York City.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randy_Weston)(SFC, 9/5/18, p.D2)

2018        Nov 2, Acclaimed jazz trumpeter Roy Hargrove (b.1969) died in NYC following a long fight with kidney disease.
    (SFC, 11/5/18, p.A5)

2019        Jan 19, In Haiti the 13th PaPJazz festival opened in Port-au-Prince.
    (AFP, 1/21/19)

2019        Nov 22, Eddie Duran (b.1925), San Francisco-based jazz guitarist, died. The Mexican-American artist recorded five solo albums in a career that lasted 70 years.
    (SFC, 11/29/19, p.C1)

2020        Mar 6, Jazz pianist McCoy Tyner died at his home in New Jersey. His more than 80 albums included "A Love Supreme" (1965), recorded with the John Coltrane Quartet.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McCoy_Tyner)(SFC, 3/9/20, p.C3)

2020        Apr 1, In Louisiana jazz legend Ellis Marsalis Jr. (b.1934), died from COVID-19-related pneumonia.
    (Good Morning America, 4/2/20)

2020        May 28, Lennie Niehaus (90), alto saxophonist and arranger for the jazz bandleader Stan Kenton in the 1950s, died in Redlands, Ca. He composed scores for 14 films that Clint Eastwood directed, including “Pale Rider," “Heartbreak Ridge," “The Bridges of Madison County," “Absolute Power" and “Space Cowboys."
    (NY Times, 6/11/20)

2020        Jun 27, Jazz artist Freddy Cole (88) died in Atlanta. The pianist and vocalist spent much of his musical life in the shadow of his brother Nat King Cole (1919-1965).
    (SFC, 7/3/20, p.B3)

2020        Jul 10, Trumpeter Eddie Gale (78) died in San Jose, Ca., after a long battle with cancer. His albums included "Ghetto Music" (1968) and "Black Rhythm Happening" (1969).
    (SSFC, 7/19/20, p.C11)

2020        Sep 16, Stanley Crouch (74), the fiercely iconoclastic social critic who elevated the invention of jazz into a metaphor for the indelible contributions that Black people have made to American democracy, died at a hospital in the Bronx.
    (NY Times, 9/17/20)

2020        Dec 29, Claude Bolling (90), French pianist, composer and arranger, died in Garches. He attained a worldwide following through his melodic blend of jazz and classical influences and stayed on the Billboard classical charts for more than a decade with his 1975 album “Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano".
    (AP, 1/1/21)

2021        Jan 17, Junior Mance (92), bluesy jazz pianist, died at his home in Manhattan. He worked with some of the biggest names in jazz, including Lester Young, Dizzy Gillespie, Cannonball Adderley and Dinah Washington, before establishing himself as the leader of his own groups.
    (NY Times, 1/24/21)

2021        Jan 23, Anti-apartheid jazz trombonist and composer Jonas Gwangwa (83) died. He was nominated for an Oscar for music he composed for the 1987 movie “Cry Freedom," which starred Denzel Washington and Kevin Kline.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonas_Gwangwa)(AP, 1/24/21)

2021        Feb 9, Chick Corea (79), an architect of the jazz-rock fusion boom in the 1970s, died at his home in Tampa, Fl. He spent more than a half-century as a top jazz pianist, but never abandoned his first love, the acoustic piano.
    (NY Times, 2/11/21)

2021        Apr 6, Jazz saxophonist Sonny Simmons (87) died in New York.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonny_Simmons)(SSFC, 5/9/21, p.F1)

2021        Sep 7, Phil Schaap (70), Grammy-Winning Jazz D.J. and historian, died in Manhattan. Schaap explored the intricacy and history of jazz in radio programs that he hosted, Grammy-winning liner notes that he wrote, music series that he programmed and classes that he taught.
    (NY Times, 9/8/21)

2021        Sep 13, George Wein (95), the impresario who almost single-handedly turned the jazz festival into a worldwide phenomenon, died at his apartment in Manhattan.
    (NY Times, 9/14/21)

2021        Dec 8, In San Francisco blues and jazz singer Denise Perrier (b.1939), died. Her albums included "I Wanna Be Loved" (1966) and "East Meets West" (2002).
    (SSFC, 12/26/21, p.F1)

Subject = Jazz
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