Timeline of Historians

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BC    In 1998 Richard Fortey published "Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, BR p.7)

35-10,000    The Upper Paleolithic Period. There was considerable variation in the types of tools that were used and according to prehistorian J.D. Clark, a new self-awareness or concern for matters that had no relation to fulfilling biological needs. This is shown by the burial of the dead together with food and weapons.
    (NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447) (Enc. of Africa, 1976, p.165)

3,500BC    Sumerians and Babylonians use sexigesimal (base 60) number system according to historian Eric Temple Bell.

c1600BC    Egypt, beginning of the Hyksos rule. Taking advantage of the unsettled state of Egypt, Asiatic invaders from Palestine entered Egypt and set themselves up as kings, even adopting Pharaonic titles and customs... The Jewish historian Josephus claims to quote the words of an Egyptian chronicler, Manetho, in describing this period of foreign rule... The Hyksos, whoever they were, had a 'blitz-weapon' - the horse drawn chariot which they had copied from the horse-rearing Mitanni of northern Mesopotamia. And the Mitanni in turn got the horse from Persia, together with the art of riding it.

440BC    Herodotus, Greek historian, authored His Histories about this time. In 2013 a new translation by Tom Holland was published.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.92)

60BC - 30BC    Diodorus Siculus, Greek historian, wrote works of history during this period. His universal history, which he named Bibliotheca historica ("Historical Library"), was immense and consisted of 40 books.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diodorus_Siculus)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.126)

600BC-600AD     In 1999 Arthur Cotrell published "From Aristotle to Zoroaster," an A to Z companion to the classical world over this period.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, Par p.6)

120        Plutarch (b.~46CE), Greek historian, biographer, and essayist, died about this time. His work included Lives of the Roman Emperors, Parallel Lives and Moralia, a collection of seventy-eight essays. In his "Life of Theseus" Plutarch told the story of the ship that carried Theseus and his crew to Athens from their adventures in Crete.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutarch)(Econ., 7/6/20, p.48)

122        Suetonius (b.~69), Roman historian, died about this time. His most important surviving work is a set of biographies of twelve successive Roman rulers, from Julius Caesar to Domitian, entitled De Vita Caesarum.

420        Sep 30, Jerome, also known as Jerome of Stridon, died in Bethlehem. He was a Latin priest, confessor, theologian, and historian and is commonly known as Saint Jerome. Jerome focused his attention on the lives of women and identified how a woman devoted to Jesus should live her life.

923        Feb 16, Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari (83), Islamic historian, died.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

975        Jul 25, Thietmar bishop of Merseburg, German chronicler, was born.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1125         William of Malmesbury (c1095-c1143) completed his Gesta Regum Anglorum ("Deeds of the English Kings"), consciously patterned on Bede, which spanned from AD 4491120.

1143        William of Malmesbury (b.c1095), the foremost English historian of the 12th century, died about this time.

1332        May 27, Ibn Khaldun (d.1406), Berber historian, was born in Tunis. He was also a social scientist and political activist and developed theories on economics and politics. He authored the "Muqaddimah" (introduction to history), that gave an in-depth analysis of the cyclical nature of the rise, maturation and decline of political regimes and economies. Only tribes held together by a group feeling can survive in a desert.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Khaldun)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R20)(Econ, 1/28/12, p.68)

1469                May 3, Nicolo Machiavelli (d.1527), political advisor and author, was born. He was a historian and author of "The Prince." He saw in Cesare Borgia, the bastard son of Pope Alexander VI, the prospect of an Italy free of foreign control. "Men are more apt to be mistaken in their generalizations than in their particular observations."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.109)(AP, 11/15/98)(HN, 5/3/99)

1480        "The Spanish Inquisition," a history of the Inquisition was later written by Henry Kamen and a new edition was published in 1998.
    (WSJ, 4/16/98, p.A1)

1511        Jul 30, Giorgio Vasari (d.1574), Italy, painter, architect and art historian (Vasari's Lives), was born. He wrote "Lives of the Artists."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1582)(MC, 7/30/02)

1516        The first published account of the discovery of North America appeared in "De Rebus Oceanicus et Novo Orbe" by the Italian historian Peter Martyr.
    (TL-MB, p.11)

1551        May 2, William Camden, English historian (Brittania, Annales), was born.
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1630        May 29, Gov. John Winthrop began his "History of New England."
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1660        May 29, Peter Scriverius (44), lawyer, historian, died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1685        May 28, Pieter de la Court (~67), economist, historian, died.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1705        Nov 23, Thomas Birch, English historian (d.1766), was born.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1737        Apr 27, Edward Gibbon (d.1794), historian, writer of "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," was born. [see May 8, 1737]
    (HN, 4/27/98)

1737        May 8, Edward Gibbon, English historian, author of "Decline and Fall of Roman Empire," was born. [see April 27, 1737] "All that is human must be retrograde if it does not advance."
    (HN, 5/8/98)(AP, 2/27/00)

1748-1813    Alexander Fraser Tytler. He wrote "The Decline and Fall of the Athenian Republic." He stated that democracy collapses when voters begin selecting candidates who promise the most financial benefits.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.D6)

1756-1763    The Seven Years War. France and Great Britain clashed both in Europe and in North America. In 2000 "Crucible of War" by Fred Anderson was published. France, Russia, Austria, Saxony, Sweden and Spain stood against Britain, Prussia and Hanover. Britain financed Prussia to block France in Europe while her manpower was occupied in America.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.223)(SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.7)(WSJ, 2/10/00, p.A16)

1773        Apr 6, James Mill (d.1836), English philosopher, historian (Hist of British India) and economist, was born in Scotland.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.253)(WUD, 1994 p.909)(MC, 4/6/02)

1776        Feb 17, Edward Gibbon (1737-1794), English historian, published his 1st volume of "The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire." He completed the 6-volume classic in 1788.
    (WUD, 1994 p.596)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.P6)

1786        Mar 22, Joachim Lelevelis was born in Warsaw. He became a renowned historian and Prof. at Vilnius Univ. He died May 29, 1861 in Paris.
    (LHC, 3/22/03)

1794        Jun 18, George Grote, British historian, was born.
    (MC, 6/18/02)

1795        May 10, Jacques-Nicolas-Augustin Thierry, historian, was born.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1796        Jul 15, Thomas Bulfinch, historian and mythologist (The Age of Fable), was born.
    (HN, 7/15/01)

1798        Aug 21, Jules Michelet, French historian who wrote the 24-volume "Historie de France," was born.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1800        Oct 3, George Bancroft, historian, known as the "Father of American History" for his 10-volume A History of the United States, was born.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1805        Jul 29, Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian who wrote "Democracy in America," was born.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1814        Apr 15, John Lothrop Motley, US historian, author (Rise of Dutch Rep), was born.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1818        May 25, Jacob Christoph Burckhardt (d.1897), Swiss cultural historian, was born. "The people no longer believe in principles, but will probably periodically believe in saviors." "Neither in the life of the individual nor in that of mankind is it desirable to know the future."
    (AP, 5/6/98)(AP, 6/11/98)(SC, 5/25/02)

1820        Jun 19, Joseph Banks, English natural historian (Cook, Australia), died.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1824        The book History of the Expedition to Russia, Undertaken by the Emperor Napoleon in the Year 1812 by Count de Segur, a general in Napoleons army, was first published. An English translation edited by Gerard Shelley was published in 1928.
    (WSJ, 8/25/07, p.P9)

1828        Apr 21, Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher, historian (Voyage in Italy), was born.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1832        May 5, H.H. Bancroft, historian, publisher (History of Pacific States), was born.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1834        Jan 10, Lord Acton [John E.E. Dalberg], English historian and editor of The Rambler, a Roman Catholic monthly, was born.
    (HN, 1/10/99)

1842        May 15, Emanuel ADMJ Count de las Cases (76), French historian (Napoleon), died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1842        Jun 12, Dr Thomas Arnold (b.1795), British educator and historian, died. Arnold was an early supporter of the Broad Church Anglican movement. He was headmaster of Rugby School from 1828 to 1841, where he introduced a number of reforms. In 2012 Mihir Bose authored The Spirit of the Game: How Sport Made the Modern World.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Arnold)(Econ, 3/3/12, p.95)

1843        William Hickling Prescott (1796-1859), American Historian, authored "History of the Conquest of Mexico."
    (ON, 10/00, p.5)(WSJ, 8/16/08, p.W6)

1844        Friedrich Nietzsche (d.1900), German philosopher, was born. "No one is such a liar as the indignant man."
    (AP,  3/19/98)
    "In individuals, insanity is rare; but in groups, parties, nations and epochs, it is the rule."
     (AP, 12/3/98)
    "In every real man a child is hidden that wants to play."
    (AP, 9/14/99)
    "The final lesson of history: Lets never go back there again!"
    (AP, 8/25/00)
    "We seek a past from which we may spring, rather than that past from which we appear to have derived." ("The Use and Abuse of History")
    (WSJ, 9/12/02, p.D8)

1849        Jul 19, F.A. Alphonse Aulard, French historian, was born.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

c1849    Numerous Tennesseans went to California for the gold rush. In 1998 Tennessee historian Walter T. Durham wrote "Volunteer Forty-Niners," an account of the Tennesseans experiences in California.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.E5)

1852        Mar, Hubert Bancroft (1832-1918) was sent to San Francisco from New York to established a regional office of his familys book selling business. In 1868 he abandoned business to devote himself entirely to writing and publishing history.
    (SFC, 5/27/14, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Howe_Bancroft)

1859        Dec 28, Thomas Babington Macaulay (b.1800), English essayist, historian and politician, died. He was one of the first to advocate Indian independence, albeit on the grounds of English commercial self interest. In 2012 Zareer Masani authored Macaulay: Pioneer of Indias Modernization.
    (www.britannica.com)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.48)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.86)

1874        Sep 12, Franois Pierre Guillaume Guizot (b.1787), French historian, orator, and statesman, died.

1874        Nov 27, Charles A. Beard, distinguished American historian who wrote "History of the United States," was born.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1876        Aug 5, Mary Ritter Beard, American historian and writer, was born.
    (HN, 8/5/00)

1877        May 29, John Lothrop Motley (63), (History of United Netherlands), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1880        May 29, Oswald Spengler, German philosopher of history, was born. He maintained that every culture grows, matures and decays. He wrote the book "The Decline of the West."
    (HN, 5/29/99)

1881        Feb 5, Thomas Carlyle (b.1795), Scottish essayist and historian, died in London.

1881        Jul 22, The first volume of "The War of the Rebellion," a compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, was published.
    (HN, 7/22/99)

1885        Sep 10, Carl Clinton Van Doren, historian and critic who won a Pulitzer Prize for his biography on Benjamin Franklin, was born. His work included 9th Wave.
    (HN, 9/10/98)(MC, 9/10/01)

1886        May 16, Douglas Southall Freeman, journalist, historian, Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer, was born.
    (HN, 5/16/01)

1887        Apr 5, British historian Lord Acton wrote, "Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely."
    (AP, 5/5/97)

1887        Jul 9, Samuel Eliot Morison (d.1976), American biographer and historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea), was born. "If the American Revolution had produced nothing but the Declaration of Independence, it would have been worthwhile."
    (AP, 7/4/97)(HN, 7/9/01)(MC, 7/9/02)

1889        Apr 14, Arnold Toynbee (d.1975), English historian, was born. He wrote the 12-volume "A Study of History." "The history of almost every civilization furnishes examples of geographical expansion coinciding with deterioration in quality." "Of the 20 or so civilizations known to modern Western historians, all except our own appear to be dead or moribund, and, when we diagnose each case ... we invariably find that the cause of death has been either War or Class or some combination of the two."
     (AP, 3/24/98)(AP, 8/24/98)(HN, 4/14/99)

1893        Francis Parkman (b.1823), American historian, died. His work covered in part France's struggle for possession of North America.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1049)(WSJ, 2/10/00, p.A16)

1895        Jan 13, J.R. Seeley (b.1834), English essayist and historian, died. His essay Ecce Homo, published anonymously in 1866, and afterwards acknowledged by him, was widely read, and prompted many replies, being deemed an attack on Christianity.
    (WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Robert_Seeley)

1896        Apr 28, Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1896        May 25, Jan N. Bakhuizen van den Brink, theologist, church historian, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1898        May 10, Ariel Durant, writer (Story of Civilization), was born.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1899        Oct 9, Bruce Catton, U.S. historian and journalist, famous for his works on the Civil War, was born.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

1900-1933    The first volume of "A History of the Twentieth Century" by Sir Martin Gilbert was published in 1997.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, Par. p.6)

1901-1969    This period is covered in the 1998 book "A Thread of Years" by John Lukacs.
    (WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A20)

1902        Jun 19, John E E Dalberg, baron van Acton (69), English historian, died.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1902         Aug 24, Fernand Braudel (d.1985), French historian, was born. He was one of the most important historiographers of the 20th century: "History may be divided into three movements: what moves rapidly, what moves slowly and what appears not to move at all."
    (AP, 9/5/97)(DT internet 11/28/97)

1902        Oct 25, Henry Steele Commager (d.1998), American historian was born in Pittsburg, Pa. He wrote the fifty-five volume "Rise of the American Nation."

1906        Mar 25, Alan John Percivale Taylor (d.1990), English historian, was born. He pioneered the presentation of the history lecture on British television.

1907        The Organization of American Historians was founded as the Mississippi Valley Historical Association.

1908        Oct 15, John Kenneth Galbraith, economist, writer and diplomat, was born in Canada. His work included "A History of Economics" and "Affluent Society" (1958). He won the Hillman Award in 1958. In 2005 Richard Parker authored the biography John Kenneth Galbraith: His Life, His Politics, His Economics.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R50)(HN, 10/15/00)(WSJ, 2/22/05, p.D10)

1910-1997     Dame C.V. Wedgwood, English historian: "An educated man should know everything about something, and something about everything."
    (AP, 12/1/97)

1913        Charles Beard (1874-1948), American historian, authored An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. It argues that the structure of the Constitution of the US was motivated primarily by the personal financial interests of the Founding Fathers.
    (WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Beard)

1914        Dec 1, Alfred Thayer Mahan (b.1840), American naval strategist and historian, died. His concept of "sea power" was based on the idea that countries with greater naval power will have greater worldwide impact. His books included The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 16601783 (1890).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Thayer_Mahan)(Econ, 4/22/17, SR p.7)

1915        May 6, Theodore H. White, historian, writer (Making of President), was born.
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1918        Mar 2, Hubert Bancroft (b.1832) San Francisco-based historian and ethnologist, died in SF. His work included compiling and editing a 39-volume chronicle that traced the saga of the Pacific Coast from the Spanish conquistadors to the Gold Rush. The Bancroft Library at UC Berkeley was named in his honor after UC purchased his book collection in 1905. In 2014 his great-great granddaughter reduced and published his 800-page autobiography as a 225-page book.
    (SFC, 5/27/14, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Howe_Bancroft)

1920        Jun 5, Cornelius Ryan, US historian, writer (The Longest Day), was born.
    (MC, 6/5/02)

1922        Apr 1, William Manchester, historian (Death of a President), was born in Attleboro, Mass.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1922        Carter G. Woodson (1875-1950), black historian, authored The Negro in Our History.
    (WSJ, 5/19/05, p.D8)

1922        Aug 25, William Archibald Dunning (b.1857), American historian and political scientist, died. He had founded the informal Dunning School of interpreting the Reconstruction era through his own writings and the Ph.D. dissertations of his numerous students. He has been criticized for advocating white supremacist interpretations, his "blatant use of the discipline of history for reactionary ends" and for offering "scholarly legitimacy to the disenfranchisement of southern blacks and to the Jim Crow system".

1927        Jun 2, Phillip Burton, historian (Vanishing Eagles), was born.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1927-1949    The films of this period were covered in the 1998 book: "You Aint Heard Nothin Yet: The American Talking Film, History and Memory," by Andrew Sarris.
    (SFC, 4/898, p.E3)

1928        Mar 22, Dmitri Antonovitch Volkogonov, soldier, historian, was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1928          Oct 23, Francois V. Alphonse Aulard (b.1849), French historian, died.

1929-1945    In 1999 David M. Kenney published his 110 page history: "Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945."
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)

1929        Renzo De Felice, scholar and historian of Italys Fascist period, was born. He authored more than a dozen books on Fascism and Mussolini. His other books explored the political and economic history of Italy. He died May 25, 1996, in Rome.
    (SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)

1931        Historian James Truslow Adams published "The Epic of America." here he coined the term the American Dream."
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.E5)
1931        Henry Steele Commager (d. 1998 at 95), American historian, wrote "The Growth of the American Republic" with Samuel Eliot Morison.
    (SFC, 3/3/98, p.D8)

1939        E.H. Carr, British scholar, authored The Twenty Years Crises: 1919-1939. It became a seminal work on the realism that instructed US and British Cold War statesmen.
    (WSJ, 12/29/07, p.W8)

1941        Siegfried Giedion, a Swiss art historian, published his influential book: "Space, Time and Architecture."
    (TL, 1988, p.112)

1944        Mar 7, Emanuel Ringelblum (b.1900), Jewish historian, died in the Warsaw ghetto. He is known for his Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto, Notes on the Refugees in Zbąszyn chronicling the deportation of Jews from the town of Zbąszyń, and the so-called Ringelblum's Archives of the Warsaw Ghetto. In 2009 Samuel D. Kassow authored Who Will Write our History? Rediscovering a Hidden Archive from the Warsaw Ghetto.
    (Econ, 3/14/09, p.84)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emanuel_Ringelblum)

1944        Apr 8, Anthony Farrar Hockley, military historian, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1947        Feb 14, Donna Halper, Boston-based historian, author, educator and radio consultant, was born. Since 1984, Halper has been the advocate for an adult with autism. She continues to do presentations on such topics as media history, womens history, and popular culture at museums, schools, and historical societies.

1948        Oral history was founded as an academic field at Columbia Univ.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.B5)

1948        Constantine Jurgela (b.1904), Lithuania-born historian, authored History of the Lithuanian Nation.

1949        May 18, James T. Adams, US historian (Pulitzer 1921), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1950        May 1, Lothrop Stoddard (1883), American political theorist, historian, eugenicist, and anti-immigration advocate, died. He wrote a number of prominent books of early 20th-century scientific racism including The Rising Tide of Color Against White World Supremacy (1920).
    (WSJ, 1/4/08, p.W5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lothrop_Stoddard)

1954        Sir John Hale published "England and the Italian Renaissance."
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A26)

1956        Kenneth Stampp (1913-2009), US Berkeley historian, authored The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South.
    (SFC, 7/22/09, p.D5)

1958        Forrest McDonald, historian, authored We the People, an argument against Charles A. Beards 1913 book An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States.
    (WSJ, 8/12/04, p.D8)

1959        William Appleman Williams (1921-1990), American historian, authored The Tragedy of American Democracy, in which he blamed the Cold War on the US. Historian Robert James Maddox provided a devastating critique of Williams shoddy in the New Left and the Origins of the Cold War (1973)
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Appleman_Williams)(WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A11)

1960s    Lawrence Henry Gipson wrote his multi-volume work: "The British Empire Before the American Revolution."
    (WSJ, 2/10/00, p.A16)

1962        Jan 16, R.H. Tawney (b.1880), English economic historian, died. His books include Equality (1931). It was here that he wrote Freedom for the pike is death to the minnows.

1962        Jul 21, George Macaulay Trevelyan (b.1876), British historian, died in Cambridge. Many of his writings promoted the Whig Party, an important aspect of British politics from the 17th century to the mid-19th century, and its successor, the Liberal Party.

1963        May 6, A Pulitzer prize in the general nonfiction category was awarded to American historian Barbara Tuchman for Guns of August (1962), an account of the first month of WWI.
    (www.historyorb.com/date/1963/may/6)(Econ, 3/29/14, p.88)

1965        Apr 8, Erik A. Blomberg (70), Swedish art historian, poet, author, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1965        Peter Laslett (1915-2001), English historian, authored The World We Have Lost:  England Before the Industrial Age.
    (Econ, 10/4/14, p.82)

1966        Prof. Alan Heimert (d.1999 at 70) of Harvard published "Religion and the American Mind: From the Great Awakening to the Revolution." It had a significant impact on understanding the American culture of the 18th century.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D7)

1967        Robert Katz (d.2010 at 77), American writer and historian, authored "Death in Rome." It was a meticulous reconstruction of an infamous 1944 Nazi massacre. A subsequent movie based on it, called "Massacre in Rome," stirred controversy because it suggested Pope Pius XII did not intervene to stop the massacre even though he knew about the Nazis' plans.
    (AP, 10/21/10)

1970        Oct 24, Richard Hofstadter, US historian, died at 54. In 2006 David S. Brown authored Richard Hofstadter: An Intellectual Biography.
    (http://tinyurl.com/f9ty4)(WSJ, 5/13/06, p.P8)

1970        Lewis Mumford (1895-1990), American historian of technology and science, published "The Myth of the Machine."
    (Wired, 8/96, p.168)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_Mumford)

1971        May 3, John Toland (1912-2004), American author and historian, won a Pulitzer prize  for Rising Sun (1970) which chronicles Imperial Japan from its Manchurian involvement following World War I to the end of World War II.

1974        Aug 22, Jacob Bronowski (b.1908), British mathematician, cultural historian, died in East Hampton, NY.

1974        Nov 23, Cornelius Ryan (b.1920), war reporter, historian, author, died. His books included "A Bridge Too Far."
    (HC, 12/12/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornelius_Ryan)

1974        The US National History Day project began as a yearlong program for junior and senior high school students. NHD started as a small contest in Cleveland. Members of the history department at Case Western Reserve University developed the initial idea for a history contest to make teaching and learning history a fun and exciting experience.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.17)(www.nationalhistoryday.org/NHDHistory.htm)

1975        Oct 22, Arnold Toynbee (b.1889), English historian (A Study of History) and cultural sociologist, died. He held that civilizations proceed from bondage to spiritual faith, then to courage, then to liberty, then to abundance, then to selfishness, then to apathy, then to dependency and then back to bondage.
    (AP, 3/24/98)(http://tinyurl.com/yoserm)(Econ, 3/31/07, p.63)

1975         Dec 4, Hannah Arendt (b.1906), German-born American historian and philosopher, died. Her books included "The Origins of Totalitarianism." In 2001 Lotte Kohler edited "Within Four Walls: The Correspondence Between Hannah Arendt and Heinrich Blucher 1936-1938."
    (WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A22)(SSFC, 4/15/01, BR p.8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hannah_Arendt)

1976        May 15, Samuel Eliot Morison (b.1887), US historian (Admiral of Ocean Sea), died.

1976        J.M. Roberts authored his Western-centric Penguin History of the World.
    (Econ, 8/22/15, p.70)

1978        Aug 28, Bruce Catton (b.1899), US historian, died in Frankfort, Michigan. He won a 1954 Pulitzer Prize for history for his book A Stillness at Appomattox, his study of the final campaign of the war in Virginia.

1979        Elizabeth L. Eisenstein (1923-2016), Univ. of Michigan historian, authored The Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communications and Cultural Transformation in Early Modern Europe.
    (Boston Globe, 2/26/16, p.B7)
1979        Don E. Fehrenbacher, Stanford history professor, published "The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics."
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C16)

1980        Frederick Turner published "Beyond Geography," a look at US cultural restlessness underlying Manifest Destiny.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)

1980        Howard Zinn (b.1922) published "A People's History of the United States."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_Zinn)

1981        Nov 7, Will Durant (b.1885), historian, died at age 96. He managed to complete 21 of a projected 23 chapters in his last book "Heroes of History" before his death. The book was published in 2001.
    (WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Will_Durant)

1981        Jonas Barish (d.1998 at 76) wrote "The Antitheatrical Prejudice," a survey of the history of hostility to theater from the time of Plato to the present.
    (SFC, 4/4/98, p.A24)

1981        Geoffrey de Ste. Croix (1910-2000), British Marxist historian, authored "The Class Struggle in the Ancient World, From the Archaic Age to the Arab Conquests."
    (SFC, 2/15/00, p.A21)

1981        The Univ. of Wisconsin began a multivolume History of Cartography. In 2004 editor David A. Woodward, British-born geographer, died at age 61.
    (SFC, 9/1/04, p.B7)

1981-1996    Stanford Chen (d.1999 at 51), reporter and op-ed for the Oregonian, wrote "Counting on Each Other: A History of the Asian American Journalists Association from 1981-1996."
    (SFEC, 2/7/99, p.D8)

1982        Sir John Hale published "Renaissance War Studies."
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A26)

1984        Feb 8, Philippe Aries (b.1914), French medievalist and historian of the family and childhood, died. His books included Essais sur l'histoire de la mort en Occident: du Moyen ge nos jours, Seuil (1975). English translation: Western Attitudes Toward Death from the Middle Ages to the Present. Patricia M. Ranum (translation). Johns Hopkins University Press. 1974.

1984        British historian Maurice H. Keen (1933-2012) authored Chivalry. The book redefined medieval court life
    (NYT, 9/27/12, p.a23)

1985        Nov 27, Fernand Braudel (b.1902), French historian, died. Braudel has been considered one of the greatest of the modern historians who have emphasized the role of large-scale socioeconomic factors in the making and writing of history.

1987        Paul Kennedy, British historian, authored The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.108)
1987        Patricia Limerick published "The Legacy of Conquest." She realigned standard history to account for minorities and women in the unbroken settlement of the US West.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)

1987        Greg Wallace opened up Cadillac Historical Services as a service for the vintage Cadillac owner and began serving as a historian for the Cadillac company.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/4f9s9cr)

1989        Caroline Reynolds Milbank, fashion historian, authored "New York Fashion."
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R40)

1990        Sep 7, A.J.P. Taylor (b.1906), English historian, died in London. He specialized in 19th- and 20th-century European diplomacy. His work included the best-selling biography of Bismarck, titled Bismarck: The Man and the Statesman (1955) and The Origins of the Second World War (1961). His book: "From the Boer War to the Cold War: Essays on Twentieth Century Europe," was published in 1995 and reviewed by Max Boot.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._J._P._Taylor)(WSJ, 10/30/95, p.A-16)

1990        Sir John Hale published "Artist and Warfare in the Renaissance."
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A26)

1991        Christopher Lasch (1932-1994) authored The True and Only Heaven, in which he pushed the conventional concepts of left and right.
    (WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Lasch)
1991        Robert S. Wistrich (1945-2015) authored Antisemitism: The Longest Hatred.
    (SFC, 5/29/15, p.D4)

1993        Sir John Hale (d.1999 at 95) published "The Civilization of Europe in the Renaissance."
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A26)

1993        John Keegan published "A History of Warfare."
    (WSJ, 6/17/99, p.A24)

1994        Feb 2, Marija Alseika-Gimbutas (b.1921), Lithuanian archeologist and pre-historian, died in LA, Ca.
    (LHC, 1/23/03)

1994        Apr 7, Angelus Gottfried "Golo" Mann (85), German-US historian, died.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1995        Aug 26, John Costello (52), historian, died.
    (MC, 8/26/02)

1995        David Kynaston (b.1951), British historian, authored volume one of his 4-volume work The City of London: A World of Its Own, 181590. Volume 4 came out in 2002. In 2011 it became available in a shortened single volume.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.149)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Kynaston)
1995        The Encyclopedia of New York City was published.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, Par p.20)

1996        May 17, D. Pipes reviewed "The Middle East: A Brief History of the Last 2,000 Years" by Bernard Lewis.
    (WSJ, 5/17/96,p.A-12)

1995        Rev. Albert Chan (1915-2005), Jesuit priest, linguist and Chinese history scholar, became senior research fellow at the Ricci Institute of the University of SF.
    (SFC, 3/19/05, p.B4)

1996        May 25, Renzo De Felice (67), scholar and historian of Italys Fascist period, died in Rome.
    (SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)

1996        Aug 12, Stephen Kuttner (1907-1996), Prof. of medieval church law, died. His life study involved tracing the evolution of law from Roman to modern times.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)

1997        Apr 1, The US Library of Congress began its Today in History web site @ http://www.loc.gov.
    (SFEC, 7/20/97, Par p.8)

1997        Iris Chang (1968-2004) authored "The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of WW II."
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A1)

1998        Jan 3, Peter Christoff, prof. of Russian history at SF State Univ., died at age 86. His dissertation was on Alexander Herzen and Mikhail Bakunin and he later specialized on the Slavophil movement, which attempted to reinforce Orthodox Christian values and Slavic cultural traditions in the former USSR. His main work was a 4-volume "History of Russian Slavism."
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.A19)

1998        Jan 12, Time Image Archive of London signed a joint venture with the George Eastman House Intl. Museum of Photography and Film located in Rochester N.Y.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.B6)

1998        Jan 18, "Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia" by Lincoln P. Paine was reviewed.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, Par p.16)

1998        Mar 2, Henry Steele Commager (b.1902), American historian and champion of the Constitution, died in Amherst, Mass. He and R.B. Morris edited the 40-volume series "The Rise of the American Nation."
    (WSJ, 3/3/98, p.A1)(SFC, 3/3/98, p.D8)

1998        Apr 28, The American Historical Association had 15,000 members. The Organization of American Historians had 9,000 members. A new group, the Historical Society, was announced as a back-to-basics professional organization.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A6)

1998        Douglas Brinkley published his 628-page work: "American Heritage History of the United States."
    (WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A8)
1998        Harry Evans published "The American Century."
    (WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A8)
1998        British historian Niall Ferguson (b.1964) authored The Pity of War: Explaining World War One.
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niall_Ferguson)
1998        Peter Jennings and Tod Brewster published "The Century."
    (WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A8)
1998        Paul Johnson published "History of the American People."
    (WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A8)
1998        Howard R. Lamar edited "The New Encyclopedia of the American West."
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, BR p.3)
1998        Roy Porter published "The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity from Antiquity to the Present."
    (WSJ, 4/3/98, p.W10)
1998        Gloria Steinem edited "The Readers Companion To U.S. Womens History." Writers included Steinem, Wilma Mankiller, Gwendolyn Mink, Marysa Navarro and Barbara Smith.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, BR p.2)
1998        Ronald Weber published "Hired Pens: Professional Writers in Americas Golden Age of Print," that covered professional writing in the US from Edgar Allen Poe to the present.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, Par p.8)
1998        Los Angeles A to Z was published by Leonard and Dale Pitt.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, Par p.20)

1999        Jan 7, The new Encarta Africana contained 3,000 scholarly articles on black culture and history as part of a 2-CD ROM set by Microsoft. It included a timeline that combines events in Africa and America.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A13)

1999        "America and the Sea: A Maritime History" was published by Mystic Seaport and written by 6 affiliated authorities.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, Par p.12)

1999        The Billboard Encyclopedia of Rock was published.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, Par p.6)

1999        Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin published "The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB."
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.5)

1999        James Elkins, art historian, published "Why Are Our Pictures Puzzles? On the Modern Origins of Pictorial Complexity."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.3)

1999        John Mack Faragher edited "The American Heritage Encyclopedia of American History."
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, Par p.6)

1999        David Fromkin published "The Way of the World," in which he covered the past, present and future from the Big Bang to the modern world.
    (WSJ, 1/14/99, p.A18)

1999        Martin Gilbert published Volume II of his "A History of the Twentieth Century."
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)

1999        Manuel Gonzales published "Mexicanos: A History of Mexicans in the United States."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.10)

1999        Peter Irons published "A People's History of the Supreme Court."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.3)

1999        Mark Mazower, British historian, published "Dark Continent" in which he suggests that there is nothing inevitable about liberal democracy.
    (WSJ, 1/19/98, p.A20)

1999        Walter Nugent authored "Into the West: The Story of Its People."
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)

1999        Marvin Olasky authored "The American Leadership Tradition," a survey of American statesmen.
    (WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A21)

1999        Nicole and Hugh Pope published "Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey."
    (WSJ, 2/11/99, p.A24)

1999        Michael Raeburn authored "The Chronicle of Opera" with events covered month by month from 1589.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, Par p.6)

c1999        Richard Robinson authored "Business History of the World."
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R50)

1999        The Shengold Jewish Encyclopedia was edited by Mordecai Schreiber.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, Par p.6)

1999        Ann Taves authored "Fits, Trances and Visions." It was a history of religious experience in the evangelical tradition and covered from 1740-1910. It also provided a history of the psychology of religion.
    (WSJ, 1/4/00, p.A20)

2000        Mar 28, Prof. Adam B. Ulam of Harvard Univ., died at age 77. His 18 books included "Stalin: The Man and His Era" (1973).
    (SFC, 4/1/00, p.A26)

2000        Nov 1, Steven Runciman (b.1903), English historian, died in Radway, Warwickshire, while visiting friends. His books included the three-volume A History of the Crusades (1951-54).

2000        A.E. Jeffcoat authored "Spirited Americans," a history that celebrates the American spirit.
    (WSJ, 1/17/00, p.A16)

2000        David Frum authored: "How We Got Here--The 70s: The Decade that Brought You Modern Life (For Better or Worse)."
    (WSJ, 1/27/00, p.A20)

2000        Alvin M. Josephy Jr., historian authored "A Walk Toward Oregon: A Memoir."
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, p.5)

2001        Donna Halper, Boston-based historian and radio consultant, authored Invisible Stars: A Social History of Women in American Broadcasting.

2002        Jan 29, In China Xu Zerong (David Tsui), a Hong Kong-based historian, was sentenced to 13 years in prison for providing classified historical documents, pertaining to Chinese operations during the Korean war, to unspecified overseas parties. Zerong (57) was released on June 23, 2011, from Guangzhou Prison in southern Guangdong province's capital city.
    (SSFC, 2/3/02, p.A17)(AP, 6/23/11)

2002        Mar 4, Roy Porter (b.1946), British historian, died. He had recently published "Madness: A Brief History." His other books included The Greatest Benefit to Mankind (1997), a survey of the history of medicine.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/news/2002/mar/05/guardianobituaries.obituaries)(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.M3)(WSJ, 10/4/08, p.W8)

2002        Oct 23, Lady Antonia Fraser (96), the Countess of Longford, a historian who wrote biographies of Queen Victoria and the Duke of Wellington, died. She was born as Elizabeth Harman and wrote under the name Elizabeth Longford.
    (AP, 10/23/02)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A17)

2002        Dec 1, Prof. Saburo Ienaga, Japanese historian, died at age 89. He had led battles against the government screening of textbooks.
    (SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)

2002        Dec 4, John Weaver, historian, died in Las Vegas. His books included "Los Angeles: The Enormous Village" (1980).
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.A25)

2002        Philip Bobbit, American professor of Law, authored The Shield of Achilles: War peace and the Course of History.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.87)

2002        R.F. Foster authored "The Irish Story."
    (WSJ, 9/12/02, p.D8)

2002        John Lewis Gaddis authored "The Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past."
    (SSFC, 12/15/02, p.M7)

2003        Jan 26, In England historian Hugh Trevor-Roper (b.1914) died. His books included "The Last Days of Hitler" (1947), "The Rise of Christian Europe" (1965), and "The European Witch Craze of the 16th and 17th Centuries." His final work The Invention of Scotland was published posthumously in 2008. In 2010 Adam Sisman authored Hugh Trevor-Roper: The Biography.
    (SFC, 1/27/03, p.B4)(WSJ, 7/26/08, p.W8)(Econ, 7/24/10, p.81)

2003          Feb 24, Historian Christopher Hill (91), a Marxist whose reinterpretation of the 17th century changed the way Britons regard the English revolution, died. His books included "The World Turned Upside Down" (1972).
    (AP, 2/26/03)(SFC, 2/27/03, A20)

2003        Mar 17, Herbert Aptheker (87), historian, died. His work included a multi-volume "Documentary History of the Negro People," and the editing of 3 volumes of letters from W.E.B. DuBois.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.A21)

2003        Apr 26, David Lavender (93), American Western historian, died in Ojai, Ca. His books included "The Great Persuader," a biography of railroad magnate Collis P. Huntington (1970).
    (SFC, 4/28/03, B4)

2003        Jul 8, Lewis Coser (89), leftist sociologist, died. His books included "American Communist Party: A Critical History (1919-1957)" (1958), and "Men of Ideas: A Sociologist's View" (1966).
    (SSFC, 7/13/03, p.A27)

2003        Jul 26, John Higham (82), historian, died. His books included "Hanging Together: Unity and Diversity in American Culture."
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E9)

2003        Oct 31, Richard E. Neustadt (84), the noted presidential adviser, scholar and historian who was a founder of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, died in England. His 1960 book "Presidential Power: The Politics of Leadership," offered insight into government decision-making.
    (AP, 11/2/03)

2003        Eric Hobsbawm, British historian, authored "Interesting Times: A Twentieth-Century Life."
    (SSFC, 8/10/03, p.M1)

2003        Jackson Lears authored "Something for Nothing," a view of history as a conflict between a "culture of chance" and a "culture of control."
    (WSJ, 1/28/03, p.D6)

2003         Joseph E. Stiglitz authored "The Roaring Nineties: A New History of the World's Most Prosperous Decade."
    (SSFC, 12/21/03, p.M5)

2004        Jan 4, John Toland (91), historian, died in Danbury, Conn. His books included "The Rising Sun" (1971), an account of Japan from 1936-1945, and "Adolph Hitler: The Definitive Biography" (1976).
    (SFC, 1/6/04, p.A19)

2004        Jan 7, Gunther Barth (78), UC Berkeley history professor, died. His book included "Bitter Strength: A History of the Chinese in the United States 1850-1870."
    (SFC, 1/22/04, p.A17)

2004        Feb 3, Alan Bullock (b.1914), British historian, died. His books included "Hitler: A Study in Tyranny" (1952). He also wrote a 3-volume biography of union leader and former foreign sec. Ernest Bevin.
    (SFC, 2/4/04, p.A21)

2004        Feb 10, Edward Jablonski (81), writer, died in NYC. Noted for his biographies of composers, his over 2 dozen books also covered aviation and aerial warfare.
    (SFC, 2/14/04, p.A22)

2004        Feb 28, Daniel Joseph Boorstin (89), author, historian and 12th librarian of Congress, died in Washington DC. His 2 dozen books included The Americans trilogy: "The Colonial Experience" (1959), "The National Experience" (1966), and "The Democratic Experience" (1973).
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.A2)(Econ, 3/20/04, p.94)

2004        Mar 8, Keith Hopkins (69), a historian who brought an innovative sociological approach to the study of ancient Rome, died in Cambridge, England. His books included "Conquerors and Slaves" and "Death and Renewal."
    (AP, 3/15/04)(SFC, 3/16/04, p.B7)

2004        Apr 5, Pulitzer Prize winners were announced. Edward P. Jones won the fiction award for "The Known World." Steven Hahn won the history award for "A Nation Under Our Feet" Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration." Anne Applebaum won the general non-fiction award for "Gulag: A History."
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.A2)

2004        Jun 1, William Manchester (82), historian and biographer, died in Middletown, Conn. His work included The Arms of Krupp (1958) and The Death of a President (1967), an account of the Kennedy assassination.
    (SFC, 6/2/04, B7)

2004         Nov 4, John H. Waller (b.1923), CIA official and historian, died. His books included Beyond the Khyber Pass: The Road to British Disaster in the First Afghan War (1990).
    (SSFC, 11/7/04, p.A23)

2004        Nov 9, Iris Chang (b.1968), author of the 1997 book "The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of WW II," died by suicide in California.
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.91)(SFCM, 4/17/05, p.5)

2004        Fred Anderson and Andrew Cayton authored The Dominion of War: Empire and Liberty in North America (1500-2000).
    (WSJ, 1/4/05, p.D8)
2004        Terrence Ball and Richard Bellamy edited "The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Political Thought." It was the 6th volume of a 6-volume world history.
    (Econ, 1/17/04, p.72)
2004        Arthur Herman authored To Rule the Waves: How the British Navy Shaped the Modern World.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.E3)
2004        Theodore Friend authored "Indonesian Destinies," a history of Indonesia since independence.
    (WSJ, 3/11/04, p.D7)
2004        Forrest McDonald (b.1927), American historian, authored his memoir Recovering the Past
    (WSJ, 8/12/04, p.D8)
2004        Maria A. Ressa authored "Seeds of Terror," a focus on the last ten years of Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 3/11/04, p.D7)
2004        Jean Gelman Taylor authored "Indonesia," a history or the archipelago and its various cultures.
    (WSJ, 3/11/04, p.D7)

2005        Jan 23, Sir William Deakin (91), a historian who founded St. Antony's College at Oxford University, helped Winston Churchill write about World War II, and led the first British mission to Marshal Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia, died in Var, France.
    (AP, 1/25/05)

2005        Mar 17, George F. Kennan (101), former US diplomat and historian, died. In 1947 Kennan wrote an article that would guide US postwar policy (containment) for decades. He proposed in the piece signed "X" that the US stop the global spread of Communism through ideology and politics, not war. His books included "Russia Leaves the War" (1956).
    (AP, 3/18/05)(SFC, 3/18/05, p.A2)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.85)

2005        Jun 27, Shelby Foote (b.1916), novelist and historian, died in Memphis. His books included the multi-volume The Civil War: A Narrative (1958-1974).
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.B7)

2005        David McCullough authored 1776, an account of the American Revolution.
    (WSJ, 5/20/05, p.W10)

2005        Martin Meredith authored The State of Africa: A History of Fifty Years of Independence.
    (Econ, 7/2/05, p.76)

2007        Jul 31, Norman Cohn (92), English historian, died. He studied the links between apocalyptic Medieval sects and 20th century totalitarianism and genocide. His 1957 book: "Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary Millenarians and Mystical Anarchists of the Middle Ages" drew parallels between millenarian movements in the Middle Ages and the rise of 20th-century totalitarianism.
    (AP, 8/27/07)

2008        Philip Bobbit, American professor of Law, authored Terror and Consent: The Wars for the Twenty-first Century.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.87)

2008        John Burrow authored A History of Histories, a survey of history writing.
    (WSJ, 4/19/08, p.W9)

2008        Gordon S. Wood authored The Purpose of the Past: Reflections of the Use of History.
    (SFC, 3/15/08, p.E3)

2008        Dec 21, Christopher Hibbert (1924), a British historian, died. His over 50 books covered subjects from the medieval Battle of Agincourt to the American Revolutionary War.
    (AP, 1/6/09)

2008        Dec 29, Lt. Gen. Victor H. Krulak (b.1913), Marine commandant (1995-1999), died. His book First to Fight: An Inside View of the U.S. Marine Corps (1984), examined the history and culture of the US Marine Corps.
    (WSJ, 1/3/09, p.A5)

2009        Jul 10,     Kenneth Stampp (b.1913), US Berkeley historian, died. His books included The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South (1956) and The Era of Reconstruction, 1865-1877 (1965).
    (SFC, 7/22/09, p.D5)

2009        Jul 17, Leszek Kolakowski (b.1927), Polish-born Oxford philosopher and historian of ideas, died in Oxford. We Learn history not in order to know how to behave or how to succeed, but to know who we are. His work included the 3-volume series Main currents of Marxism: Its Rise, Growth and Dissolution (1976).
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leszek_Ko%C5%82akowski)

2009        The English version of "The Last Eunuch of China," by amateur historian Jia Yinghua, told the story of Sun Yaoting (d.1996). Only two memories brought tears to Yaoting's eyes in old age -- the day his father cut off his genitals, and the day his family threw away the pickled remains that should have made him a whole man again at death.
    (Reuters, 3/16/09)

2010        Jan 27, Howard Zinn (b.1922), Massachusetts-based historian, teacher and activist, died of a heart attack in Santa Monica, Ca. His work included A Peoples History of the United States (1980).
    (SFC, 1/28/10, p.A8)

2010        Mar 7, Sir Kenneth Dover (89), a distinguished British historian of Greek culture, died. He gained wider fame by admitting his wish to kill a fellow historian Trevor Aston (d.1985). His books included commentaries on Thucydides, Theocritus and Aristophanes; "Ancient Greek Literature" (1980), "Greek and the Greeks" (1987), "The Greeks and Their Legacy" (1989), "Greek Popular Morality in the Times of Plato and Aristotle" (1994), "The Evolution of Greek Prose Style" (1997) and a popular history, "The Greeks" (1981) written in conjunction with a television series for the British Broadcasting Corp.
    (AP, 3/9/10)

2010        Apr 12, Winners of the Pulitzer Prize were announced. Liaquat Ahamed won the history category for his book Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World (2009).
    (SFC, 4/13/10, p.A8)

2010        Apr 24, Angus Maddison (83), British economic historian and chiffrephile (a lover of figures) died. His life work included 20 books and 130 article plus 19 volumes that he edited or co-authored. 
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.80)(Econ, 10/4/14, p.82)

2010        Oct 20, Robert Katz (77), American writer and historian, died in Italy. His meticulous reconstruction of an infamous Nazi massacre in Rome brought him fame and sparked a trial over whether he defamed the pope. His book "Death in Rome" (1967) and the subsequent movie based on it, called "Massacre in Rome," stirred controversy because it suggested Pope Pius XII did not intervene to stop the massacre even though he knew about the Nazis' plans.
    (AP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 28, Liang Congjie (78), historian and modern Chinas first environmentalist, died. In 1994 he and 3 colleagues founded Friends of Nature, Chinas first legal NGO and the first committed to protecting the countrys environment.
    (Econ, 11/20/10, p.100)

2011        Jan 17, John Ross (72), US poet, author, journalist and political activist who lived in Mexico and wrote extensively on its leftist political movements, died of liver cancer. His books included "Rebellion from the Roots: Zapatista Uprising in Chiapas."
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Apr 24, Sir Denis Mahon (b.1910), a renowned art collector and historian, died in London. He left his collection to the Art Fund charity with instructions it should be placed on display in specific venues in perpetuity.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_Mahon)

2011        Dec 2, Crash Course, an educational YouTube channel started by the Green brothers, John Green and Hank Green, launched a preview. John Green, one half of the VlogBrothers, began his Crash Course series on January 26, 2012, with World History. As a collective, John has referred to the courses he teaches as "Humanities".

2011        Francesca Beauman (b.1977), British historian, authored Shapely Ankle Preferrd: A History of the Lonely Hearts Ad.
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.92)
2011        Robert Bickers authored The Scramble For China: Foreign Devils in the Qing Empire, 1832-1914.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.92)

2012        Apr 3, Argentine human rights secretary Eduardo Luis Duhalde (72) died in Buenos Aires. He was a prominent voice in denouncing abuses during the country's military dictatorship in the 1970s and 80s. His writings included 24 books, and dealt with human rights issues as well as history.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Oct 1, Eric Hobsbawm (b.1917), renowned British left-wing historian, died. His writing influenced students and politicians across Europe. He won critical acclaim with a four-volume history of Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries. His bestselling memoirs charted the pivotal moments in modern European history through which he lived.
    (AP, 10/1/12)(Economist, 10/6/12, p.110)

2012        Oct 25, Jacques Barzun (104), American cultural historian, died in San Antonio. He had taught at Columbia Univ. for nearly 60 years. His dozens of books included From Dawn to Decadence (2000).
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.A17)

2012        Robert Hughes authored Rome: A Cultural, Visual, and Personal History.
    (SSFC, 3/4/12, p.F5)
2012        Stephen Wall authored The Official History of Britain and the European Community, Vol. II From Rejection to Referendum, 1963-1975.
    (Econ, 1/19/12, p.82)

2013        Jan 10, Evan Connell Jr. (b.1924), historian and novelist, was found dead at his home in Santa Fe, NM. His books included Son of the Morning Star: Custer and the Little Bighorn (1984) and the Alchemysts Journal (1991).
    (SSFC, 1/13/13, p.C12)

2013        Jan 27, Stanley Karnow, award- winning author and journalist, died at his home in Potomac, Md. His work included Vietnam: A History (1983), and In Our Image, a companion to a PBS documentary on the Philippines, which won the Pulitzer in 1990.
    (SFC, 1/28/13, p.C4)

2013        Apr 3, George Corvington (88), a prominent Haitian historian, died in Port-au-Prince. His 8-volume, French-language "Port-au-Prince Through the Ages" chronicled the political and social history of Port-au-Prince, from its founding under French colonial rule in 1749 to the departure of President Paul Magloire in 1956.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        British historian Peter Hart authored The Great War: A Combat History of the First World War.
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.88)

2014        Mar 14, It was reported that Kevin Gorman (22) has become the official Wikipedian-in-Residence at UC Berkeley, the first post of its kind at a university.
    (SFC, 3/14/14, p.C1)

2014        Apr 10, Richard Hoggart (95), a distinguished cultural historian and a significant witness in the 1960 court case that ended British censorship of "Lady Chatterley's Lover," died.
    (AP, 4/11/14)

2014        Apr 11, Patrick Seale (83), a veteran journalist and author on Middle Eastern affairs as well as one of the world's leading historians on Syria, died in London after a battle with cancer. His books included the authoritative biography of the late Syrian President Hafez Assad, "Assad of Syria: The Struggle for the Middle East" (1988).
    (AP, 4/14/14)

2014        Adam Zamoyski authored Phantom Terror: The Threat of Revolution and the Repression of Liberty 1789-1848.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, p.84)

2015        Feb 3, Martin Gilbert (78), Winston Churchill's official biographer and a leading historian of the Holocaust, died following a lengthy illness. His 80 books included eight on the Holocaust as well as a three-volume "History of the 20th Century."
    (AP, 2/4/15)

2015        May 19, Robert S. Wistrich (b.1945), Jewish scholar, died in Rome. His 29 books included Antisemitism: The Longest Hatred (1991).
    (SFC, 5/29/15, p.D4)

2015        Aug 3, Robert Conquest (98), British-born historian, died in Palo Alto, Ca. His 21 books included The Great Terror: Stalins Purge of the Thirties (1968).
    (SFC, 8/6/15, p.D3)

2015        Peter Frankopan authored The Silk Roads: A New History of the World.
    (Econ, 8/22/15, p.70)

2016        Aug 18, Ernst Nolte (93), German historian, died in Berlin. He had set off a dispute among his peers by arguing three decades ago that Nazism was a reaction to an "existential threat" to Germany from the Russian revolution.
    (AP, 8/18/16)

2017        Mar 16, Philip Choy, an expert on the history of Chinese in America, died at his home in San Francisco. His books included The Architecture of San Francisco Chinatown.
    (SSFC, 3/19/17, p.C3)

2017        Sep 10, In Afghanistan American historian Nancy Hatch Dupree (90), who first came to Afghanistan in 1962 and spent much of her life collecting and documenting historical artifacts, passed away at a Kabul hospital.
    (AP, 9/10/17)

2018        Jan 25, Neagu Djuvara (101), Romania's best-known historian, died in Bucharest. He had spent decades in exile before returning home when communism ended. His books included "From Vlad the Impaler to Dracula the Vampire".
    (AP, 1/26/18)

2018        Mar 14, David S. Wyman, American Holocaust scholar, died at his home in Amherst, Mass. His books included "The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-45" (1984).
    (SFC, 3/16/18, p.D5)

2018        Jun 5, US historian Ira Berlin died in Washington, DC. His books included "Slaves Without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South " (1974) and "Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America" (1998).
    (SSFC, 6/10/18, p.C10)

2018        Jul 3, Russian investigators said historian Yury Dmitriyev (62) has been charged with sexual assault and faces up to 20 years in prison, if convicted. Dmitriyev was accused of sexually abusing his adopted daughter between 2012 and 2016 and vehemently denied all the charges. He spent decades locating and exhuming mass graves of people killed under Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin's rule. Activists said the case against him is an attempt by authorities to muzzle the outspoken historian.
    (AFP, 7/3/18)

2018        Julian Jackson (b.1954), British historian, authored "A Certain Idea of France: The Life of De Gaulle."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_T._Jackson)(Econ., 8/15/20, p.51)

2019        Thant Myint-U (b.1966), US-born Burmese historian, authored "The Hidden History of Burma."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thant_Myint-U)(Econ, 3/14/20, p.27)

2020        Jul 31, In Cuba Eusebio Leal (77), the historian of Havana and longtime leader of the city's renewal, died.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eusebio_Leal)(SSFC, 8/2/20, p.C11)

2021        Feb 22, Polish historian Tomasz Greniuch resigned from the government's historical institute after controversy erupted over his past ties with a far-right organization and photos of him making the stiff-armed fascist salute.
    (AP, 2/22/21)

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