Timeline of Earthquakes

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3600BC    The Supe people, a maritime farming community along the coast of Peru, disappeared about this time. In 2009 researchers found their disappearance coincided with earthquakes and landslides followed by massive flooding.
    (SFC, 1/20/09, p.A13)

1920BC    In 2016 a team of researchers led by Wu Qianlong, a former Peking University seismologist, established that an earthquake triggered a huge landslide, damming the Yellow River. After 6-9 months the dam broke and tore through the gorge at 500 times the Yellow River's average discharge submerging the North China Plain that is considered the cradle of Chinese civilization. Historical texts from about 1,000 B.C. first mentioned a legendary Xia ruler, Yu, who had devised a system of dredges to control a great flood that spanned generations.
    (AP, 8/5/16)

373BC        The Greek city of Helike was destroyed by an earthquake. Historians recorded that rats, snakes and weasels had abandoned Helice just days before the quake struck.
    (NH, 10/02, p.78)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A6)

360BC        Greek philosopher Plato, in his "dialogues" from about this time, said an island he called Atlantis "in a single day and night... disappeared into the depths of the sea." He described Atlantis as "an island situated in front of the straits which are by you called the Pillars of Hercules." In 2011 a US-led research team, using a satellite photo of a suspected submerged city, suggested a site just north of Cadiz, Spain, as the site of Atlantis.
    (Reuters, 3/12/11)

27BC        An earthquake hit Egypt and devastated the temple of Amenhotep III in Luxor, which dated to about 1389.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

132        Zhang Heng introduced an earthquake weathercock, a device that could inform the Chinese court of a distant earthquake.
    (NG, Feb, 04, p.28)

363        May 18, The Ashkelon basilica, dating to the reign of Herod the Great, was abandoned following a devastating earthquake. Marble from the building was later reused in new buildings under the Abbasid (750–1258 A.D.) and Fatimid (909–1171 A.D.) caliphates. British archaeologist John Garstang originally discovered the basilica during an expedition with the Palestinian Exploration Fund in the 1920s, but the site was then reburied.
363         May 18, A devastating earthquake leveled half the city of Petra, the principal city of Nabatea.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/363_Galilee_earthquake)(AP, 6/21/03)

365        Jul 21, An earthquake, whose epicenter was in Crete, leveled the Egyptian Port of Alexandria as well as the Roman outpost of Leptis Magna in Libya. Some 50,000 people died. The ancient Egyptian city, known as Leukaspis or Antiphrae, was hidden for centuries after it was nearly wiped out by the tsunami. When Chinese engineers began cutting into the sandy coast to build the roads for a new resort in 1986, they struck the ancient tombs and houses of the town founded in the second century B.C.
    (www.earthscape.org/r2/jos/vol1-1june1997/pg55.html)(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.18)(AP, 9/8/10)

526        May 29, Antioch, Turkey, was struck by an earthquake and about 250,000 died. [see May 20]
    (AM, 11/00, p.69)(SC, 5/29/02)

700 - 800    An earthquake during this period sent the Nile port cities of Canopus, Menouthis and Thonis-Herakleion into the Mediterranean Sea. Evidence of the submerged cities was revealed by a pilot in 1933.
    (SFC, 6/8/01, p.A1)(Econ, 5/21/16, p.73)

819        In northern Afghanistan most of the recently built Noh Gonbad (Nine Domes) mosque collapsed following an earthquake. It was later believed to have been built on the remains of a Buddhist monastery. Another earthquake a hundred years later hit the outer walls and most of the 15 arches.
    (AP, 1/6/18)

869        Jul 9, In Japan the Sanriku earthquake (Jogan quake) and associated tsunami struck the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu. The earthquake had an estimated magnitude of at least 8.4 on the moment magnitude scale, but may have been as high as 9.0.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/869_Sanriku_earthquake)(Econ, 8/19/17, p.70)

1201        Jul 5, An earthquake in Syria and upper Egypt killed some 1.1 million people.

1257        In Nepal an earthquake destroyed almost all of the Kathmandu Valley. A Newar architect named Araniko (1245-1306) emerged during the reconstruction of palaces, temples and pagodas. He was later summoned by Kublai Khan to work in Beijing, where his work included the White Stupa of Miaoying Temple, completed in 1288.
    (SSFC, 5/1/16, p.F4)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Araniko)

1349        L'Aquila in central Italy was devastated by an earthquake.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, p.80)

1365        Basel, Switzerland, was wrecked by an earthquake.
    (AP, 8/4/07)

1382        John Wycliffe’s heresy hearing was interrupted by an earthquake that toppled the tower of Canterbury Cathedral.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.W6)

1456        Dec 5, Earthquake struck Naples and 35,000 died.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1461        L'Aquila in central Italy was again devastated by an earthquake.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, p.80)

1531        Jan 26, Lisbon was hit by an earthquake and some about 30,000 died.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1600        Feb 19, Arequipa, Peru, was destroyed as the Huaynaputina volcano exploded catastrophically, in the largest volcanic explosion in South America in historic times. The eruption continued with associated earthquakes into March and devastated the socioeconomic fabric of southern Peru and neighboring Chile and Bolivia. The explosion had effects on climate around the Northern Hemisphere, where 1601 was the coldest year in six centuries, leading to a famine in Russia.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huaynaputina)

1626        Jul 30, An earthquake hit Naples and some 10,000 died.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1638         Jun 1, The first earthquake was recorded in the U.S. at Plymouth, Mass. The first US earthquake on record with significant human consequence was recorded on Aug 31, 1886, with the loss of some 100 lives in Charleston, S.C. Its massive effect spread through many eastern States.
    (DT internet 6/1/97)( http://todayinsci.com/8/8_31.htm)

1663        Jan 6, There was a great earthquake in New England.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1687        Oct 20, In Peru a massive earthquake leveld most of Lima. It triggered a tsunami and overall about 5,000 people died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1687_Peru_earthquake)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.A6)

1700        Jan 26, A magnitude 9.0 earthquake shook Northern California, Oregon, Washington and British Colombia. It triggered tsunami that damages villages in Japan.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1700        Jan 27, A tsunami hit Honshu Island, Japan. It was later estimated that wave was triggered by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in California.
    (CW, Spring ‘99, p.32)

1703        Dec 30, Tokyo was hit by Earthquake and some 37,000 people died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1703        L'Aquila in central Italy was again devastated by an earthquake.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, p.80)

1727        An earthquake on Martinique devastated the local cocoa plantations. Landowners replanted fields with coffee from French Captain Gabriel Mathieu de Clieu.
    (ON, 10/2010, p.12)

1730        Jul 8, A magnitude 8.7 earthquake in Valparasio, Chile, killed at least 3,000 people.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1746        Oct 28, A tsunami caused by the Lima–Callao earthquake destroyed the entire port of Callao. Lima was almost completely destroyed by the earthquake that killed 1,141. The tsunami killed 5-6 thousand people.

1755        Nov 1, An 8.7 earthquake hit Lisbon, Portugal, and killed some 70,000 people. Heavy damage resulted from ensuing fires and tsunami flooding in Morocco and nearly a quarter of a million people were killed. In 2008 Nicholas Shrady authored “The Last Day: Wrath, Ruin and Reason in the Great Lisbon Earthquake."
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/eqsmosde.html)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.86)

1797        Feb 4, Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador, some killed 40,000 people. Riobamba was destroyed.

1805        Jul 26, Naples and Calabria were struck by an earthquake and some 26,000 died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1811        Dec 15-16, A 7.3 earthquake struck the central US on the Mississippi River. It was centered at New Madrid, Missouri. Aftershocks continued into 1812. In 1976 James Penick Jr. authored "The New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812." [see Jan 23, Feb 7, 1812]
    (HC, 6/7/98)(ON, 10/99, p.5,6)(SFC, 2/24/01, p.A10)(NH, 3/1/04, p.66)

1812        Jan 23, A 2nd major earthquake shook New Madrid, Missouri.
    (NH, 3/1/04, p.67)

1812        Feb 7, A 3rd major earthquake shook New Madrid, Missouri, and for a few hours reversed the course of the Mississippi River. [see Dec 15-16, 1811, Jan 23, 1912]
    (NH, 3/1/04, p.67)

1812        Mar 26, Earthquake destroyed 90% of Caracas; about 20,000 died.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1835        Feb 20, Concepcion, Chile, was destroyed by earthquake and some 5,000 died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1837        Jan 22, An earthquake in southern Syria killed thousands.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1838        In  California an earthquake, estimated at magnitude 7.7 -7.9, hit two miles off the coast of San Francisco.
    (SFC, 1/27/14, p.)

1850        Sep 22, An earthquake in Sichuan, China, killed some 300,000 people.

1854        Dec 23, The 8.4 Ansei Tokai Quake struck Japan. The epicenter ranged from Suruga Bay to the deep ocean, but destroyed houses as far away as in Edo. The accompanying tsunami caused damage along the entire coast from the Boso Peninsula in modern-day Chiba prefecture to Tosa province (modern-day Kochi prefecture).

1854        Dec 24, The 8.4 Ansei Nankai Quake struck Japan. Over 10,000 people from the Tokai region down to Kyushu were killed.

1855        Nov 11, The 6.9 Ansei Edo earthquake hit near Tokyo, Japan. Some 8,000 casualties resulted with about 14,000 structures destroyed.
    (www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/g/j/gjs4/2008_Shaken%20and%20Rectified.pdf)(Econ, 7/4/09, p.39)

1857        Jan 9, The Fort Tejon, Ca., earthquake, estimated at magnitude 8, ruptured ground for 225 miles from Parkfield to Tejon Pass. It killed 2 people and destroyed the Tejon Army post.  The fort was established in 1854 and closed in 1864.
    (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/parkfield/1857.php)(SFC, 5/21/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/10/04, p.A4)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_forts_in_California)

1862        An earthquake in Russia’s Lake Baikal region put 200 square km of lakeshore under water.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.41)

1865        Oct 8-1865 Oct 9, An earthquake hit San Francisco.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(GenIV, HS)

1865        Oct 21, Another earthquake hit San Francisco. It lasted for 42 seconds and caused major damage throughout the city.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1868        Apr 3, An earthquake estimated at magnitude 7.9 hit the Big Island of Hawaii. 46 people were killed in the resulting tsunami at Keauhou and 31 died in a landslide at Kapapala.

1868        Aug 13, A magnitude 9.0 quake in Arica, Peru (later Chile), generated catastrophic tsunamis; more than 25,000 people were killed in South America.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1868        Oct 21, An major earthquake, later estimated at magnitude 7, took place on the Hayward Fault in northern California. It destroyed the top of the San Mateo County Courthouse. At this time only 265,000 people lived in the Bay Area.
    (SMMB)(SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)(SFC, 10/18/07, p.A15)

1872        Mar 26, A 7.8 earthquake shook the Owens Valley, California.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1883        Aug 29, Seismic sea waves, created by Krakatoa eruption, created a rise in the English Channel 32 hrs after explosion.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1885        Managua, Nicaragua, was leveled by an earthquake.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F4)

1886        Aug 31, South Carolina bore the brunt of the largest-ever earthquake on the East Coast, a 7.3 magnitude earth-shaker that killed at least 60 people in post-Civil War Charleston.

1887        A severe earthquake hit the Ligurian village of Perinaldo, Italy.
    (SFCM, 3/17/02, p.29)

1896        Jun 15, An 8.5 magnitude earthquake occurred approximately 166 km (103 mi) off the coast of Iwate Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. This was followed by two tsunamis. The Meiji Sanriku tsunami struck Japan and caused at least 22,000 deaths.

1897        Jun 12, Possibly the most severe quake in history struck Assam, India. Shock waves were felt over an area size of Europe.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1900        Apr 26, Charles Richter (1985), seismologist, was born in Hamilton, Ohio. He developed the Richter Scale for measuring the amplitude of earthquakes.
    (AP, 4/26/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Francis_Richter)

1906        Jan 31, A magnitude 8.8 quake off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia. It generated a tsunami that killed at least 500 people.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1906        Apr 18, 5:12 a.m. the San Francisco 8.2 earthquake occurred.  Seismologists in 1977 reduced the magnitude to 7.9. 28,000 buildings were destroyed and 498 blocks leveled. One quarter of the city burned. About 700 people died. The massive earthquake was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles and as far inland as Nevada. It caused severe damage and loss of life in the San Francisco Bay area, and a three-day fire spawned by the shaking reduced 4.7 square miles of the city to blackened ruins. Military officials estimated $400 million of damage and a total of 700-800 killed. Modern research estimates that closer to 3,000 of San Francisco's 400,000 inhabitants lost their lives. Sweeney Observatory in Goldengate Park was destroyed. Some 30,000 people were left homeless and lived in GG Park for up to a year and a half. The quake was centered in Olema. Old City Hall at Fulton and Larkin was destroyed. In 2001 Dan Kurzman authored “Disaster: The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906."
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-106)(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A5,7)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W31)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A13) (HNPD, 4/18/99)(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.3)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)
1906        Apr 18, San Francisco firefighters, with the assistance of the US Navy, managed to drag a single fire hose from a pumper in the bay, over the shoulder of Telegraph Hill, over a mile to the Jackson Street warehouses. Navy Lt. Frederick Freeman led efforts that saved Anson Hotaling’s Whiskey warehouses at 451 and 455 Jackson street. Nearby Jones Alley was later renamed Hotaling Way.
    (http://web.mac.com/danruden/APHotaling/About_Us.html)(SSFC, 9/13/09, p.N4)(SFC, 8/30/14, p.D1)

1906        Aug 16, A magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Valparaiso, Chile, left an estimated 20,000 people dead.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, Z1 p.5)(AP, 6/22/02)

1906         Sep-1907 Mar, In San Francisco 5,610 fir and redwood shacks were built during this period to provide housing for earthquake refugees. They were placed in rows at 26 official tent camps and rented for $2 per month. The units cost the city about $150 each. In South Park nineteen two-story tenements were built.
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, DB p.42)(SFC, 4/20/19, p.C3)

1908        Dec 28, Some 70,000-100,000 people died in the Messina earthquake in Sicily. The government hired a number of steamships, including the Florida, to ship survivors to America.
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/eqsmosde.html)(WUD, 1994, p.899)(WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A21)

1909        Jan 21-22, An earthquake in Morocco's northern region, near Tetouan, killed up to 100.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1915        Jan 13, An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy, killed 29,800.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1916        In North Carolina a magnitude 5.5 quake occurred near Skyland.
    (AP, 8/9/20)

1920        Dec 16, In China an 8.6 earthquake in the northwestern provinces of Gansu and Shanxi caused massive landslides and the deaths of 100,000- 200,000 people.
    (SFC, 1/800, p.A8)(www.ig.utexas.edu/research/projects/eq/faq/world.htm)

1923        Sep 1, The Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama were devastated by the Great Kanto earthquake that claimed 99,000-143,000 lives. The 7.9-8.3 quake off Tokyo's shoreline killed some 99,300 people.
    (AP, 9/1/97)(www.ig.utexas.edu/research/projects/eq/faq/world.htm)

1923        Thomas Jaggar, founder of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, warned of a tidal wave  (tsunami) approaching Hilo. At least one fisherman was killed.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A5)

1927        Mar 7, Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale struck Tango, Japan.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1927        May 27, An earthquake in China’s Qinghai (Xining) Province left some 200,000 dead.

1929        Jan 24, An earthquake in northern Morocco did material damage in Fez.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1930        Jul 23, Earthquake struck Ariano, Italy, and some 1,500 were killed.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1930        Nov 25, An earthquake in Shizouka, Japan, killed 187.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1931                 Apr 1,  An Earthquake devastated Managua, Nicaragua, killing 2,000.

1932        Dec 26, Some 70,000 were killed in a massive earthquake in Kansu, China.
    (HN, 12/26/98)(www.disaster-management.net/earthqu1.htm)

1933        Mar 2, Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hit Japan.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1933        Mar 10, In Long Beach a 6.3-6.4 earthquake killed 115 people.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/21/00, p.A1)

1934        Jan 15, An 8.4 earthquake in India and Nepal killed 10,700. It damaged the Mahabuddha Temple in Patan, Nepal, one of but 3 in the world.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)(MC, 1/15/02)

1935        May 31, In Quetta, India (later Pakistan), a magnitude 7.5 earthquake killed some 50,000 people. The earthquake flattened Quetta, killing an estimated 26,000 people in the city alone, more than half its population.
    (AP, 12/27/03)(AP, 10/15/05)

1939        Jan 24, Some 28-30,000 were killed by magnitude 8.3 earthquake in Chillan, Chile.
    (MC, 1/24/02)(AP, 6/22/02)

1939        Dec 26-27, In Turkey a series of vicious earthquakes in Erzincan province, magnitude 7.9, took some 33,000 lives in Turkey.
    (HN, 12/27/98)(MC, 12/27/01)(SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A17)(AP, 6/22/02)

1946        Apr 1, Two large earthquakes shook the Scotch Cap Lighthouse on Unimak Island, Alaska. A resulting tsunami washed away the lighthouse. The Aleutian Islands earthquake also triggered a Pacific-wide tsunami that killed 165 people and caused over $26 million in damages. Tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths. 91 people were killed in Hilo.
    (AP, 4/1/98)(Ind, 6/8/02, 5A)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)(SFC, 4/1/09, p.D8)

1948        Oct 6, A 7.3 earthquake hit Ashgebat, Turkmenistan, and killed an estimated 110,000 people. Stalinist media at the time claimed only 35,000 deaths.

1949        The US started a rudimentary tsunami warning program at Ewa Beach, Honolulu.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A5)

1950        Aug 15, A magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Assam, Tibet, killed at least 780 people.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1952        Jul 21, A 7.7 earthquake destroyed the Kern County town of Tehachapi near Bakersfield, Ca. and killed 14 people.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.B10)(SFC,12/9/97, p.A9)

1952        Nov 4, A magnitude 9.0 quake in Kamchatka caused damage but no reported deaths, despite setting off 30-foot (9.1-meter) waves in Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1954        Sep 10, A 12 second earthquake killed 1,460 in Orleansville, Algeria.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1956        Apr 19, In Spain 12 people died and about 70 were injured following earthquakes in the southern Granada region.
    (AP, 5/12/11)(www.iberianature.com/material/earthquake.htm)

1956        Jun 9, A magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck Afghanistan. At least 100 people were killed.

1957        Mar 9, An 8.1 earthquake shook the Andreanof Islands, Alaska.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1959        Mar 3, A SF Bay Area earthquake measured 5.5 on the Richter scale in Berkeley.
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, DB p.50)

1959        Aug 17, A 7.1 quake struck at Yellowstone National Park.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1959        Aug 18, A magnitude 7.3 quake near Hebgen Lake, Montana, just west of Yellowstone National Park triggered a landslide that killed 28 people.

1960        Feb 29, An 5.7 earthquake in Morocco's southwest Atlantic coast killed as many as 12,000. The town of Agadir destroyed.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1960        May 22, Chile experienced a 9.5 earthquake. A slow earthquake was detected just before the big one. It caused tsunamis in every coastal town between the 36th and 44th parallels with a death toll of some 1000 people.
    (PCh, 1992, p.977)(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)

1960        May 23, A tidal wave, due to a 9.5 earthquake off Chile, hit Hilo, Hawaii. It killed 61 people, wiped out the beaches and destroyed 537 buildings. It went on to hit Japan.
    (PCh, 1992, p.977)(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T4)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)

1962        Sep 1, Some 10,000 died in an earthquake in western Iran.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1963        Jul 26, Skopje, Yugoslavia, was destroyed by earthquake and over 1,000 were killed.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1964        Mar 27-1964 Mar 28, Good Friday, Valdez, Alaska, in Prince William Sound was rocked by an 8.6 earthquake, the largest ever recorded in North America. In 1977 seismologists pegged the quake at 9.2. It lasted 4 minutes and was followed by tsunamis and fires and 131 people were killed. Survivors moved 4 miles west to solid bedrock and rebuilt the town. Much of Crescent City, Ca., was demolished by a resulting tsunami and 11 people were killed.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T5)(SFEC, 4/5/98, Z1 p.8)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/26/99, p.C21)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)(AP, 3/11/11)

1965        Apr 29, Seattle experienced an earthquake. 7 people were killed and damage was estimated at $12.5 million.

1965        An earthquake on Alonissos, Greece, leveled Alonissos Town.
    (SSFC, 3/14/04, p.D6)

1966        Aug 19, An earthquake struck Varko, Turkey, and some 2,400 were killed.
    (MC, 8/19/02)

1968        Aug 31, In northeast Iran some 7-12 thousand people died in the 7.8 Dasht-e Bayaz earthquake, which also destroyed 60,000 buildings.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(www.bssaonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/59/5/1751)

1969        Feb 28, An earthquake in Morocco's Atlantic coast killed about a dozen people and injured 200.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1970        Jan 5, In China a 7.7 earthquake in Yunnan province killed over 15,000 people and was covered up by authorities amid the chaos of the cultural revolution.
    (SFC, 1/800, p.A8)

1970        Mar 28, 1,086 died when 7.4 quake destroyed 254 villages in Gediz, Turkey.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1970        May 31, A 7.7 slab earthquake and debris flow in Peru killed 67,000, injured 50,000 and destroyed 186,000 buildings.
    (AP, 5/31/97)(http://landslides.usgs.gov/html_files/landslides/slides/slide5.htm)

1971        Feb 9, In San Fernando, Ca., a 6.5 earthquake killed 65 people.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)

1971        May 12, A 6.3 earthquakes in western Turkey killed about 100 people.

1971        May 22, A 6.9 earthquake in eastern Turkey killed about a thousand people.

1972        Apr 10, A 6.9 earthquake in the Iranian province of Fars killed over 5,000 people.

1972        Dec 23, A 6.25 earthquake struck Managua, Nicaragua, and over 12,000 were killed.  Pres. Somoza was later believed to have pocketed millions of dollars in foreign aid. The diversion of funds undermined his government and helped pave the way for the 1979 revolution.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/58jfg)

1973        Aug 28, More than 600 people died as an earthquake shook central Mexico.
    (AP, 8/28/08)

1974        Dec 28, The 6.0 Patan earthquake in Pakistan killed some 5,300 people.

1975        Sep 6, A 6.8 quake along the Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice, Turkey.
    (MC, 9/6/01)

1976        Feb 4, A 7-5-7.9 earthquake hit Guatemala and Honduras. Some 23,000 Guatemalans, mostly Mayan Indians, were killed. It destroyed 58,000 houses in the capital and 300 villages.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.785,797)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.8)(AP, 2/4/01)(AP, 6/22/02)

1976        Jul 28, In China a 7.8-8.2 earthquake in the northern city of Tangshan killed at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
    (AP, 7/28/97)(SFC, 1/8/00, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tangshan_earthquake)

1977        Mar 4, A 7.4 earthquake in Romania killed about 1,570 people and was felt across southern and eastern Europe.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977_Bucharest_Earthquake)(AP, 3/4/98)(SFC, 4/28/99, p.A15)

1978        Jan 14, In Japan the 7.0 Izu-Oshima earthquake damaged nine railway and four road tunnels in a limited area. 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)(http://tinyurl.com/2uz9wg)

1978        Sep 16, In northeast Iran a magnitude 7.7 earthquake killed some 25,000 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(AP, 6/22/02)

1979        Nov 3, Raffaele Bendandi (b.1893), Italian seismologist, died. he believed earthquakes were the result of the combined movements of the planets, the moon and the sun and were perfectly predictable. In 1923 he forecast a quake would hit the central Adriatic region of the Marches on January 2 the following year. He was wrong by two days.
    (Reuters, 5/9/11)(http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raffaele_Bendandi)

1979        The US Geological Survey installed an array of seismic monitors in the Geysers region of northern California. Since 1960 small earthquakes in the region had increased due to geothermal development.
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.A1)

1979        Scientists developed the moment magnitude scale. It succeeded the Richter scale for measuring earthquakes.
    (SSFC, 1/21/07, p.M3)

1979        In Montenegro an earthquake destroyed much of the Old Town beach resort of Budva.
    (SSFC, 10/20/02, p.C6)

1980        Jan 23, A rolling earthquake hit northern California and measured 5.5 in Contra Costa. It destroyed 25,000 gallons of wine at the Livermore winery of Wente Brothers. A leak of radioactive tritium was reported from the weapons lab at Livermore.
    (SFC, 1/21/05, p.F2)

1980        Jan 24, A 2nd earthquake, centered 8-miles north of Livermore, hit the Bay Area and measured 5.6.
    (SFC, 1/21/05, p.F2)

1980        Oct 10, Some 4,500 died when a pair of earthquakes struck NW Algeria. In 1983 the “El-Asnam Algeria Earthquake of October 10, 1980 a Reconnaissance and Engineering Report" was published.

1980        Nov 23, Some 2,600 people were killed by a series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A12)(AP, 11/23/07)

1981        Jun 11, Earthquake in southeast Iran killed at least 1,500 people.
    (SFC, 3/21/98, p.A9)(AP, 6/11/03)

1982        Jan 9, A 5.9 earthquake hit New England & Canada; the 1st since 1855.

1983        Mar 31, Earthquake in Colombia killed some 5,000 people. A disastrous earthquake hit Popayan.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, p.T10)(MC, 3/31/02)

1983        May 2, A 6.4 earthquake injured 94 people in Coalinga, Ca., and caused an estimated $10 million in damages.

1983        Dec 30, A 7.2 earthquake killed 26 people in Afghanistan (14) and Pakistan (12).
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A10)

1984        Apr 26, An earthquake hit the SF Bay Area. It measured 6.2 on the Richter scale and was centered in Morgan Hill.
    (SSFC, 4/19/09, DB p.54)

1984        In Uzbekistan an earthquake, later linked to the extraction of hydrocarbons, killed one person.
    (Econ, 5/3/14, p.72)

1985        Sep 19, The Mexico City area was struck by the first of two devastating quakes (8.1) that officially claimed 9,500 lives. Some 40,000 people were injured.
    (HFA, '96, p.38)(SFC, 12/31/96, p.C9)(AP, 9/19/97)(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.F4)

1985        Sep 30, Charles Richter (b.1900), seismologist, died. He developed the Richter Scale for measuring the amplitude of earthquakes. In 2007 Susan Elizabeth Hough authored “Richter’s Scale: Measure of an Earthquake, Measure of a Man."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Francis_Richter)(SSFC, 1/21/07, p.M3)

1987        Oct 1, Eight people were killed when an earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale and an aftershock measuring 5.3 struck the Los Angeles area. In 1999 researchers reported that data revealed a new active fault system, christened the Punete Hills fault, under Los Angeles that probably caused the Whittier Narrows earthquake.
    (AP, 10/1/97)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.A7)

1988        Aug 21, More than 1,000 people were killed in an earthquake on the Nepal-India border.
    (AP, 8/21/98)

1988        Nov 25, An earthquake centered in eastern Canada and measuring 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt widely across Canada and in the northeastern United States.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1988        Dec 7, A magnitude 6.9-8.0 earthquake devastated Spitak in northern Armenia; an estimated 25,000 people died with some $14 billion in losses.
    (AP, 12/7/97)(AP, 6/22/02)(www.who.int/archives/inf-pr-1997/en/pr97-08.html)

1989        Oct 17, The 7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake [Watsonville] hit the Bay Area minutes before the start of a World Series game at San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. 67 people died and 3,000 were injured. It caused $7 billion worth of damage. The Spreckels Temple of Music in Golden Gate Park was damaged and later restored. 28,000 structures were damaged and several freeways ruined. 42 people died on the Cypress Freeway. At the train station in SF Dr. Margaret McChesney commandeered a tour bus to take frightened passengers home and navigated the driver safely through barricades of cars and gangs of marauding youths on 3rd St. In 1999 new measuring methods changed the magnitude to 6.9.
    (SFC, 4/15/96,A-6)(SFC, 10/17/96, A15)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/17/97)(AR,9/12/98)(HN, 10/17/98)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A21)

1989        Dec 25, In Canada a 6.3 earthquake, the Ungava event, struck northern Quebec and was later attributed to retreating ice sheets from 10,000 years earlier.
    (WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A11)

1990        May 30, A 6.3 earthquake in northern Peru killed 137 people. [see May 29]
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A16)

1990        May 29, Northern Peru was struck by an earthquake that claimed as many as 200 lives.

1990        Jun 21, An estimated 50,000 Iranians were killed in a magnitude 7.3 to 7.7 earthquake. The earthquake killed some 35,000 people in Gilan and neighboring Zanjan province.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.C1)(AP, 6/21/00)(AP, 6/22/02)

1990        Jul 16, A 7.7 earthquake in Philippines killed some 5,000 people.

1991        Feb 1, Afghanistan and Pakistan were hit by an earthquake and 1,200 died.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1991        Apr 22, Sixty people were killed when a strong earthquake shook Costa Rica and neighboring Panama, causing millions of dollars’ worth of damage.
    (AP, 4/22/01)

1991        Jun 28, Two people were killed when the Sierra Madre earthquake, magnitude 5.8, shook Southern California.
    (AP, 6/28/01)(www.data.scec.org/chrono_index/sierrama.html)

1992        Mar 13, Some 498 died in an earthquake at Erzincan, Turkey.

1992        Apr 13, An earthquake rocked Germany and the Netherlands.

1992        Apr 22, A 6.0 earthquake in California.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1992        Apr 25, An earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale shook northern California.
    (AP, 4/25/97)

1992        May 25, A 7.0 earthquake on the Caribbean Plate hit Cuba.
    (WSJ, 1/21/97, p.A18)(http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/sig_1992.html)

1992        Jun 28, The 7.3 Landers earthquake hit Southern California. One person was killed and 402 injured.
    (AP, 6/28/97)(www.data.scec.org/chrono_index/landersq.html)

1992        Oct 12, A 5.8 earthquake hit Cairo and at least 510 people died.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(http://io.ingrm.it/amminist/annali/elenean433.htm)

1993        Jan 15, A 7.5 earthquake struck northern Japan and 2 people died.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1993        Jul 12, 196 people were killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 7.8 struck northern Japan.
    (AP, 7/12/98)

1993        Sep 30, An estimated 10,000 (28,000) people were killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 6.0-6.4 struck Latur in southern India. Its epicenter was about 350 miles southwest of Jabalpur.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)(AP, 9/30/98)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)(AP, 6/22/02)

1994        Jan 17, A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck Southern California, killing at least 61 people and causing $20 billion worth of damage. Northridge quake hit the Los Angeles area. It killed 72 people. Insurance losses totaled $17.8 billion.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A3)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.B1)(AP, 1/17/98)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.73)

1994        Feb 16, At least 217 people were killed when a powerful earthquake shook Indonesia's Sumatra island.
    (AP, 2/16/00)

1994        Jun 5, At least 264 Indonesian villagers in East Java were killed by an earthquake.
    (AP, 6/5/99)

1994        Jun 6, A 6.0 earthquake and avalanche destroyed Toez, Colombia. Some 1000 people were killed. The earthquake hit the southern state of Cauca.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)(MC, 6/6/02)

1994        Jun 9, An earthquake of 8.2 magnitude hit Bolivia.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)

1995        Jan 17, A magnitude 7.2 earthquake hit the port city of Kobe, Japan. It measured 7.2 and early reports listed 1600 dead. Death toll increased to 6,000 (5,372).
    (WSJ, 1/18/95, p.A1)(AP, 1/17/98)(MC, 1/17/02)(AP, 6/22/02)

1995        Feb 8, A 6.4 earthquake at Trujillo, Colombia, killed over 46 people.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1995        May 28, An earthquake with a magnitude of seven-point-five devastated the Russian town of Neftegorsk, killing at least 2,000 people.
    (AP, 5/28/00)

1996        Jan 1, A 7.0 earthquake struck offshore near the Indonesian Island of Sulawesi. Seismologist in Japan and Hong Kong measured it at 7.7. A tidal wave killed eight after the quake.
    (WSJ, 1/2/96, p. A-1)(WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-1)

1996        Feb 3, A 7.0 earthquake hit Lijiang region of Yunnan province in China. Some 231 people were killed and 14,000 injured.
    (WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-1)(NH, 4/97, p.44)

1996        Feb 17, A powerful 7.5 earthquake and subsequent tidal waves hit eastern Indonesia in the region of Irian Jaya and killed at least 62 people. Tidal waves killed more than 100 people in Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 2/20/96, p.A-1)(AP, 2/17/01)

1996        Mar 29, An earthquake in central Ecuador killed 29 people.
    (SFC, 4/6/96, p.A-13)

1996        May 3,    A 6.4 earthquake struck Inner Mongolia in northern China. At least 14 people were killed and 266 injured.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)

1997        Jan 11, An earthquake of magnitude 7.3 shook Mexico City, the western and central areas, and the southern part of Mexico, but no deaths were reported.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.A2)(AP, 1/11/98)

1997        Feb 4, In northeastern Iran 2 earthquakes with aftershocks killed at least 72 people. Some 43 villages were damaged. Another quake followed the next day.
    (SFC, 2/5/97, p.A9)(SFC, 2/6/97, p.A1)

1997        Feb 28, A 6.1 earthquake at Ardebil in northwest Iran struck at 4:27 p.m. local time. The quake damaged 83 villages and killed at least 500 people.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.C1)(SFEC, 3/2/97, p.A15)

1997        Mar 1, Rescue teams fought snow, high winds and wild dogs as they tried to bring help to an earthquake-devastated region in northwest Iran, where the death toll was estimated at 3,000.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1997        Apr 22, A 6.5 earthquake hit Tobago. There were no reported injuries.
    (SFC, 4/23/97, p.A4)

1997        May 10, A 7.1 earthquake hit in northeastern Iraq centered on the town of Qaen. More than 2,400 people were reported killed. The death toll was reduced to 1,560 with 60,000 left homeless.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/12/97, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/97, p.A10)

1997        May 21, In India an earthquake killed at least 27. Its epicenter was near Jabalpur City, about 400 miles southeast of New Delhi.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)

1997        Jul 9, In Venezuela a 6.7 earthquake hit the northeast coastal region and killed at least 59 people including 27 students trapped inside a collapsed school building.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.E3)(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)

1997        Aug 16, Scientists reported that an underground seismic event occurred in Russia. Inquiries were being made about nuclear testing. Russian scientists claimed a magnitude-2 earthquake near the Novaya Zemlya test range triggered the event.
    (SFC, 8/29/97, p.A18)(WSJ, 9/3/97, p.A1)

1997        Communities around Clear Lake began diverting millions of gallons of treated waste water to the Geysers region and pumped underground to replenish steamfields. The water was soon suspected of causing increased regional earthquakes.
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.A23)

1998        Jan 10, In China a 6.2 earthquake hit Zhangbei County in northern Hebei province and 50 people were reported killed and over 11,440 injured. The quake reportedly left cracks in the Great Wall.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A15)(SFC, 1/12/98, p.A12)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.E3)

1998        Feb 4, In Afghanistan a 5.9 earthquake hit the province of Takhar in the northeast at the junction of the Hindu Kush and Pamir mountain ranges where hills collapsed into each other making a huge crater. The number dead was later reported to be 2,300 with 8,000 left homeless.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.A10)(SFC, 6/1/98, p.A1)(AP, 2/4/99)(SFC, 3/27/02, p.A14)

1998        Mar 14, In Iran a 6.4 earthquake hit in the southeast and at least 5 people were killed and thousands left homeless.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.A22)(AP, 3/14/99)

1998        Apr 10, In Iran an earthquake in the northeast killed 12 people and left 1,500 homeless in the Khorasan province.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.A16)

1998        May 22, In Bolivia earthquakes destroyed hundreds of homes in central remote mountain towns and at least 60 people were killed.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A12)

1998        May 30, An estimated 6.9 earthquake hit northern Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Shari Basurkh was hit hardest and some estimates put the death toll up to 3,000. The estimated deaths later reached 5,000.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/1/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/22/02)

1998        Jun 27, In southern Turkey a 6.3 earthquake around Adana and Ceyhan killed at least 144 people and injured about a 1,000.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 6/29/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/4/98, p.A7)

1998        Jul 9, A 5.8 earthquake hit the Azores Islands and killed 10 people and injured about a 100. Some 1000 were left homeless.
    (SFC, 7/10/98, p.A18)

1998        Jul 17, In Papua New Guinea a tidal wave followed a 7.0 earthquake at the Solomon Islands and killed at 2,500-3,000 people. The villages of Malol, Arop, Otto, Warupu and Sissano were turned into barren strips of sand.
    (SFC, 7/18/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/4/99, p.A10)
1998        Jul 17, A 6.2 earthquake in Taiwan triggered falling rock that killed 4 people and injured 19.
    (SFC, 7/18/98, p.A14)

1998        Aug 5, In Ecuador 2 earthquakes struck the coast at Bahia de Caraquez and killed 3 people.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A14)

1998        Sep 9, A 5.5 earthquake hit Italy between the towns of Castelluccio Inferiore and Laino Borgo where the regions of Calabria and Basilicata meet.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.C2)

1998        Nov 13, In Iran a village was leveled in Fars province and 5 people were killed after 5 strong earthquakes hit the area.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)

1998        Nov 29, In Indonesia a 7.6 earthquake was centered near Taliabu Island in the Maluku Sea. At least 25 people were killed on Mangole Island and some 89 were injured.
    (SFC, 11/30/98, p.B10)(SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)

1998        Dec 12, In Afghanistan a 5.4 earthquake hit Kabul and killed at least 5 people.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.A36)

1999        Jan 25, In Colombia a 6.0 earthquake hit in western Valle del Cauca state and at least 273 people were killed and 900 injured. The cities of Armenia, Pereira, and Calarca were hardest hit. The death toll went up and it was predicted that 2,000 died in Armenia alone.
    (SFC, 1/26/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/26/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 29, In India at least 51 people were killed following a 6.8 earthquake in the Kumaon Hills in Uttar Pradesh. The quake struck just after midnight and the death toll rose to at least 87. The toll was raised to 110 at Chamoli on the Alaknanda River.
    (SFC, 3/29/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 3/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)(SFC, 3/31/99, p.A10)

1999        Apr 30, In Belgrade, Serbia, a 5.5 earthquake struck. Later in the day Jesse Jackson met with the 3 captured Americans and planned to meet with Pres. Milosevic for their release. In an interview Pres. Milosevic pronounced that his countrymen were willing to die to defend their rights.
    (SFC, 5/1/99, p.A1,6)(AP, 4/30/00)

1999        May 7, A series of earthquakes hit southern Iran and at least 26 people were killed in Fars province.
    (SFC, 5/8/99, p.C14)

1999        Aug 17, A 7.4 earthquake hit western Turkey with many killed and thousands injured. Over 17,000 were later reported killed. The quake was centered under the Sea of Armara on the North Anatolian fault. It was later reported to have pushed Turkey 4 feet closer to Europe.
    (SFC, 8/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.A1,13)(WSJ, 8/18/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/29/99, p.A17)(AP, 8/17/03)

1999        Aug 20, In Turkey  officials reported that over 10,000 bodies had been recovered from the quake and the injured list had risen to 34,000. Prime Minister Ecevit ordered that the dead be buried as soon as found.
    (SFC, 8/21/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 21, In Turkey the death toll from the Aug 17 earthquake reached 12,000. Governors in 3 of 9 stricken provinces called off searches for survivors. US President Clinton urged Americans to contribute to the relief effort. The death toll from the massive earthquake eventually reached 17,000.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/21/00)

1999        Aug 24, The death toll in Turkey’s August 17 earthquake was raised to near 18,000.
    (SFC, 8/25/99, p.A14)

1999        Aug 26, The Turkey quake death toll was lowered to 13,040 with 26,630 injured. The parliament passed a law to give amnesty to Kurdish rebels with no criminal record. The death toll was later raised to over 17,000.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.A19)

1999        Sep 7, In Greece a 5.9 earthquake hit Athens and 64 people were killed, 650 injured and 50 missing. The death toll later reached 143.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/16/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/7/00)

1999        Sep 20, In Taiwan a 7.6 earthquake killed an estimated 2,161 people and injured over 3,500. 2,600 people were believed to be buried alive. Aftershocks the next day registered at 6.8 and 100,000 people were homeless.
    (SFC, 9/21/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/22/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A1) (http://nisee.berkeley.edu/taiwan/)

1999        Sep 21, In Taiwan the 12-story Sungshan hotel collapsed and at least 73 people were killed as numerous after shocks followed the previous day’s 7.6 earthquake. Prosecutors later charged 5 people with negligence in the design and construction of the building. [see Sep 20]
    (SFC, 11/9/99, p.A14)(AP, 9/21/00)

1999        Oct 16, A 7.0 earthquake, centered near Joshua Tree, Ca., struck in the Mohave Desert. An Amtrak train was derailed, but there were no deaths.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 12, In Turkey a 7.2 [7.1] earthquake was centered at Duzce. At least 834 people were killed and 3000 injured. Damage from the last 2 quakes was later estimated at $10-25 billion.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/15/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/28/00, p.D6)(AP, 11/12/00)

1999        Dec 22, In Algeria a 5.8 earthquake struck near Oran and at least 20 people were killed and 75 injured.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)

2000        Jan 15, In China 5.9 and 6.5 earthquakes hit in Yunnan province and 4 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 1/16/00, p.A25)

2000        May 4, In Indonesia a 6.5 earthquake was centered in the Maluku Sea off Pelang Island and at least 17 people were killed.
    (SFC, 5/5/00, p.A18)

2000        May 17, In Taiwan a wave of earthquakes left 3 people dead in Taichung County of the central mountain region.
    (SFC, 5/18/00, p.A14)

2000        Jun 4, In Indonesia a 7.3 earthquake hit Sumatra and over 100 people were killed with relentless aftershocks.
    (SFC, 6/5/00, p.A8)(SFC, 6/6/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 6, In Nicaragua a 5.9 earthquake was centered in Laguna de Apoyo. At least 4 children died.
    (SFC, 7/7/00, p.D6)(SFC, 7/8/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 7, In Nicaragua another earthquake struck and at least 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/8/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 21, In China an earthquake in Wuding county, Yunnan province, left 177,000 people homeless and 211 injured.
    (SFC, 8/26/00, p.A9)

2000        Sep 3, In California 5.2 earthquake was centered in Napa and injured over 40 people.
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 5, In western Japan a 7.3 earthquake struck and at least 106 people were injured.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D6)(SFC, 10/7/00, p.A8)(SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A18)

2000        Nov 16, In Papua New Guinea a tidal wave followed a magnitude 8.0 earthquake and left at least one person dead and at some 5,000 people homeless.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/25/00, p.D8)

2000        Nov 25, In Azerbaijan an earthquake hit Baku and at least 3 people were killed. 20 people died of heart attacks.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.D6)(WSJ, 11/27/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 15, In Turkey an earthquake killed 6 people including 5 men praying at the mosque of Yasarlar village.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.11)

2001        Jan 13, In El Salvador a 7.6 earthquake hit near San Salvador. Some 1200 people were not accounted for in the buried Las Colinas neighborhood. The “slab earthquake" originated 24-36 miles below the surface. The earthquake death toll later climbed to over 840. Damages were estimated at $1 billion.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D1)(AP, 1/13/06)

2001        Jan 26, A 7.9 (7.7) earthquake hit India and Pakistan as India prepared to celebrate Republic Day. It was an intraplate earthquake along a thrust fault 300 miles south of the boundary between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian Plates. Some 20,000-50,000 people were killed and over 14,000 injured across Gujarat state. 10 people were reported killed in Pakistan. The quake caused an underground river, either the Saraswati or Indus, to reappear that had disappeared in a 19th century quake. [see Jan 31]
    (SFC, 1/26/01, p.A16)(SFC, 1/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/01, p.D8)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)

2001        Jan 31, The death count from the 7.7 earthquake reached 12,000 and an additional 13,000 were believed still buried. The final death count was set to 15,537 in June.
    (SFC, 2/1/01, p.A9)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)

2001        Feb 1, The India earthquake death toll estimates rose to between 35-50 thousand with injuries to over 60,000. the damages in Gujarat state were estimated at $4.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 13, In El Salvador a 6.6 earthquake killed at least 127 people. It was centered between San Vicente and San Salvador. The death toll soon rose to 402 with 2432 injured. It struck one month to the day after another quake killed more than 800 people.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/15/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/13/02)

2001        Mar 24, In Japan a 6.4 earthquake near Hiroshima killed 2 people and injured at least 160.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C1)

2002        Feb 3, A 6.0-6.2 earthquake hit Turkey and as least 45 people were killed. The epicenter was about 135 miles southwest of Ankara.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/4/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 3, A 7.2 earthquake was centered in northeast Afghanistan and at least 100 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A10)

2002        Mar 5, In the Philippines a 6.8 earthquake struck about 10 miles under the sea some 147 miles southwest of General Santos and 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/6/02, p.A8)

2002        Mar 25, In Afghanistan a 5.8-6.1 earthquake was centered 105 miles north of Kabul and early reports of deaths reached to 1,800. The city of Nahrin was reported destroyed. Deaths in Baghlan province were reduced to 600-800 with 100,000 left homeless.
    (SFC, 3/26/02, p.A6)(SFC, 3/27/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/29/02, p.A9)(SFC, 3/30/02, p.A10)(AP, 6/22/02)

2002        Mar 31, In Taiwan a 6.8-7.1 earthquake hit and 5 construction workers were killed in Taipei when 2 construction cranes fell from the 60th floor of a new building projected to be the tallest in the city.
    (SFC, 4/1/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 4/1/02, p.A1)

2002        Apr 12, An earthquake hit northern Afghanistan and at least 59 people were killed, mostly in Doabi.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A24)

2002        Apr 25, An earthquake in Tbilisi, Georgia, killed at least 3 people.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A15)

2002        May 13, A 5.2 earthquake hit the Bay Area centered near Gilroy.
    (SFC, 5/14/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 22, A powerful earthquake in northern Iran killed at least 500 people and injured 1,500, razing dozens of mountain villages whose mud-brick homes crumbled to dust.
    (Reuters, 6/22/02)(Reuters, 6/23/02)(AP, 6/22/03)

2002        Sep 9, An earthquake struck just off Papua New Guinea's north coast, killing 3 people and causing a tidal wave that washed away at least 40 homes.
    (AP, 9/9/02)

2002        Sep, In Sicily the strongest earthquake in 20 years caused some $500 million in damage.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A20)

2002        Oct 31, A strong earthquake rocked central and southern Italy, trapping about 50 children in a school in San Giuliano di Puglia after the building's roof collapsed. 27 children and a teacher were killed.
    (AP, 10/31/02)(AP, 11/1/07)

2002        Nov 2, In Indonesia a powerful earthquake struck near Sumatra island and killed at least two people, injured scores and left more than 5,000 people on a nearby island homeless.
    (Reuters, 11/3/02)

2002        Nov 3, A moderate earthquake jolted northern Pakistan, killing seven people and injuring 30, many of them critically.
    (AP, 11/3/02)
2002        Nov 3, A 7.9 earthquake hit Alaska 90 miles south of Fairbanks.
    (SFC, 11/4/02, p.A2)

2002        Nov 21, In northern Pakistan a 5.5 earthquake hit the Gilgit region and at least 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A18)

2003          Feb 24, A devastating earthquake shook western China, killing at least 266 people, injuring some 2,000 and flattening homes, schools and other buildings near the Silk Road oasis of Kashgar. The death toll soon rose to at least 266 people, with another 2,000 injured.
    (Reuters, 2/24/03)(AP, 2/25/03)(SFC, 2/26/03, A8)

2003        May 1, A 6.4 magnitude earthquake rumbled through southeastern Turkey. 177 people were killed and 390 injured including 80 students were trapped in the debris of their school dormitory in Bingol.
    (AP, 5/1/03)(SFC, 5/1/03, A16)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A3)(AP, 5/4/08)

2003        May 21, In Algeria a 6.7 earthquake struck near Algiers. More than 2,200 people were killed and thousands injured. Thenia, 40 miles east of Algiers, was worst hit.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/25/03)(SFC, 5/27/03, p.A12)

2003        May 26, A 7.0 earthquake hit Japan's main island of Honshu. At least 54 people were injured.
    (SFC, 5/27/03, p.A3)

2003        Jul 21, In southwest China a magnitude-6.2 earthquake toppled thousands of mud-brick houses in a mountainous area, killing at least 16 people and injuring more than 300 others.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

2003        Jul 26, Across northern Japan 3 powerful earthquakes knocked out power grids, collapsed buildings and set off mudslides. At least 268 people were hurt.
    (AP, 7/26/03)

2003        Sep 25, In northern Japan an 8.3 earthquake, the world's most powerful in 2 1/2 years, injured at least 589 people and knocked out power on Hokkaido.

2003        Oct 25, In northwestern China powerful twin tremors, minutes apart, killed nine people and leveled houses in Gansu province.
    (AP, 10/26/03)

2003        Dec 1, A strong earthquake rumbled through a swath of western China's mountainous Xinjiang region, killing at least 11 people and collapsing hundreds of homes in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture near the border with Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 12/1/03)

2003        Dec 22, A 6.5 earthquake jolted the central California coast. Marilyn Zafuto (55) and Jennifer Myrick (20) were killed in Paso Robles when the 1892 Mastagni Building and its 15-foor clock tower collapsed. Damages from the San Simeon quake were estimated at some $100 million.
    (AP, 12/23/03)(SFC, 12/23/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/24/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 25, A strong earthquake shook the border of Costa Rica and Panama, killing an infant and leaving dozens of others with mainly minor injuries.
    (AP, 12/26/03)

2003        Dec 26, A 6.6 earthquake devastated the southeastern Iranian city of Bam, 630 miles southeast of the capital Tehran. It leveled more than half the city's houses and its historic mud-brick fortress. Some 31,000 people were killed and over 10,000 injured. Iran appealed for international help and promised to waive visas for foreign relief workers.
    (AP, 12/27/03)(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A3)(AP, 1/2/04)(AP, 12/26/04)(AFP, 8/12/12)

2004        Feb 6, In Indonesia powerful earthquakes hit Indonesia's remote Papua province, flattening houses and leaving at least 26 people dead and hundreds injured.
    (AP, 2/6/04)

2004        Feb 24, An earthquake shook Burundi, killing three people and destroying at least two dozen homes.
    (AP, 2/24/04)
2004        Feb 24, A 5.1 earthquake struck northern Morocco near Al Hoceima, toppling houses and killing 629 people.
    (AP, 2/25/04)(SFC, 2/25/04, p.A3)(AP, 3/5/04)

2004        May 28, An earthquake damaged homes in northern Iran. The toll from a 6.2 earthquake reached 35 dead with 250 people injured.
    (AP, 5/28/04)(AP, 5/29/04)

2004        Aug 10, In southwest China a 5.6 earthquake killed four and injured nearly 600 in Yunnan province. More than 125,000 people were left homeless and cracked walls in reservoirs posed a threat to villages downstream.
    (AP, 8/12/04)

2004        Sep 28, A 6.0 earthquake shook central California, cracking pipes, breaking bottles of wine and knocking pictures from walls. The quake was centered about seven miles southeast of Parkfield, a town of 37 people known as California's earthquake capital.
    (AP, 9/28/04)

2004        Oct 23, Several earthquakes, the largest measuring 6.8, hit northwestern Japan, toppling homes, causing blackouts, cutting water and gas and derailing a bullet train. 40 people were killed and as many as 1,900 injured.
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.A12)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.50)(AP, 10/23/05)

2004        Nov 12, A strong earthquake rocked parts of eastern Indonesia, killing six people, injuring 40 and damaging hundreds of buildings.
    (AP, 11/12/04)

2004        Nov 20, An early morning 6.2 earthquake jolted San Jose, Costa Rica, and killed 8 people. Leaders of 21 nations were gathered there for the Ibero-American Summit.
    (AP, 11/20/04)

2004        Nov 29, A powerful earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 7.1 struck Japan's northern island of Hokkaido, injuring at least 24 people.
    (AP, 11/29/04)

2004        Dec 24, The world's biggest earthquake in almost four years, measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale, struck off the coast of Australia's southern island state of Tasmania, but caused no damage or injury.
    (AP, 12/24/04)

2004        Dec 26, The world's most powerful earthquake in 40 years triggered massive tidal waves that slammed into villages and seaside resorts across southern and southeast Asia. The initial estimated death toll of 9,000 soon rose to some 230,000 people in 14 countries. The magnitude 9.0 earthquake was the world's fifth-largest since 1900 and the largest since a 9.2 temblor hit Prince William Sound Alaska in 1964. The epicenter was located 155 miles south-southeast of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province on Sumatra, and six miles under the seabed of the Indian Ocean. In Indonesia at least 166,320 people were killed.
Bangladesh reported 2 killed; India: at least 9,691 deaths: thousands were missing and possibly dead in India's remote Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia: At least 101,318 people were killed on Sumatra island and small islands off its coast. Kenya reported 1 killed. Malaysia: At least 68 people, including an unknown number of foreign tourists, were dead. Myanmar: At least 90 people were killed. Sri Lanka: At least 30,680 were killed in government and rebel controlled areas. The Maldives, an archipelago of 1,190 low-lying coral islands and a tiny population of 280,000, at least 82 people were killed and missing. At least 42 islands were flattened in the low-lying atoll nation. Somalia: At least 298 were killed. Tanzania: At least 10 killed. Thailand: The confirmed death toll for Thailand reached 5,322, but many suspected Myanmar migrants were not counted.
    (SFC, 12/28/04, p.A1)(AP, 12/30/04)(SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A12)(AP, 1/7/05)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.41)(AP, 12/25/09)

2004        Jelle Zeilinga de Boer and Donald Theodore Sanders authored “Earthquakes in Human History.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.W6)

2004        David Ulin authored “The Myth of Solid Ground: Earthquakes, Prediction and the Fault Line Between Reason and Faith."
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, p.M1)

2005        Feb 22, In central Iran’s Kerman province a 6.4 earthquake flattened villages and collapsed mud-brick homes, killing over 500 people and injuring nearly 1,000.
    (AP, 2/23/05)(SFC, 2/24/05, p.A11)

2005        Mar 20, A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck off the coast of southern Japan, killing one person and injuring at least 381 others.
    (AP, 3/20/05)

2005        Mar 28, An 8.7 earthquake occurred in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, in what technically was considered an aftershock to the Dec 26 quake. At least 330 people were killed in collapsed buildings on Nias Island. No major tsunami followed. The UN raised its toll to 624.
    (AP, 3/29/05)(SFC, 3/29/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/31/05)

2005        Jun 14, A 7.9 earthquake rattled cities in Bolivia and Peru and heavily damaged mountain villages in northern Chile, killing at least 11 people including a family of 6.
    (WSJ, 6/14/05, p.A1)(AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 14, The 7.0-magnitude quake struck northern California about 90 miles southwest of the coastal community of Crescent City, where a 1964 tsunami killed 11 people.
    (AP, 6/15/05)

2005        Jul 24, A 7.2 earthquake hit India's southern Andaman and Nicobar Islands and part of Indonesia. No tsunami came, and no injuries or damage were reported.
    (AP, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 21, Prof. Bruce Bolt (75), UC Berkeley seismologist, died. His books included “Earthquakes: A Primer" and “Inside the Earth: Evidence from Earthquakes."
    (SFC, 7/26/05, p.B5)

2005        Aug 16, A 7.2 earthquake shook northeastern Japan, triggering landslides, sending a shower of ceiling debris into a crowded indoor swimming pool and shaking skyscrapers as far away as Tokyo. At least 59 people were reportedly injured.
    (AP, 8/16/05)(WSJ, 8/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 8, A 7.6-magnitude earthquake hit Kashmir near the Pakistan-India border reaching to Afghanistan. It reduced villages to rubble, triggered landslides and flattened an apartment building, killing thousands of people in India and Pakistan. Pakistani officials said the death toll ranged between nearly 20,000 and 30,000. The newly reopened "Peace Bridge" linking the Indian and Pakistani portions of disputed Kashmir nearly collapsed during the earthquake. The death toll from the quake reached 73,000. The UN estimated that 3 million people were left homeless by the earthquake.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/05)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.44)

2005        Nov 27, In southern Iran an earthquake measuring at least magnitude-5.9 shook a sparsely populated area, flattening seven villages and killing 10 people.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

2006        Mar 31, In western Iran 3 strong earthquakes and several aftershocks reduced villages to rubble, killing 70 people and injuring about 1,200 others.
    (AP, 3/31/06)(AP, 3/31/07)

2006        May 27, A powerful earthquake flattened homes and hotels in central Indonesia as people slept, killing at least 3,000 and injuring thousands more in the nation's worst disaster since the 2004 tsunami.
    (AP, 5/27/06)

2006        Dec 8, In Basel, Switzerland, a 3.4 magnitude tremor was accidentally triggered by engineers drilling deep into the Earth's crust to tap its inner heat, in the world's search for new sources of energy.
    (AP, 8/4/07)

2007        Feb 21, A 5.7 magnitude earthquake shook southeastern Turkey. A five-story apartment building collapsed in Istanbul, killing at least two people and injuring more than two dozen others.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2007        Jul 16, A 6.8 earthquake struck northwestern Japan, destroying hundreds of homes, buckling seaside bridges and causing a fire at one of the world's most powerful nuclear power plants. 11 people were killed and hundreds were injured. The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant suffered a slew of problems, including spilled waste drums, leaked radioactive water, fires and burst pipes.
    (AFP, 7/16/07)(WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A1)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.41)(AP, 7/16/08)

2007        Aug 2, A 6.4-magnitude quake struck on the southern tip of Sakhalin island, just north of Japan. At least 2 people were killed and some 2,000 in Nevelsk moved to tent camps after the powerful earthquake left apartment buildings in ruins.
    (AP, 8/3/07)

2007        Aug 15, A magnitude-8.0 trembler rocked Peru's coast, toppling buildings leaving some 610 people dead and 36,000 homes damaged. State doctors called off a national strike to handle the emergency. Two prisons collapsed and 600 prisoners escaped. About a third gave themselves up over the next week. Tremors destroyed 80% of Pisco, where 148 people died when the city cathedral collapsed.
    (AP, 8/16/07)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.35)(SSFC, 4/6/08, p.A14)(Econ, 8/16/08, p.37)

2007        Sep 12, A massive 8.4 earthquake struck Indonesia, killing at least 10 people, injuring dozens and triggering a tsunami that hit one city on the island of Sumatra.
    (AP, 9/12/07)(Reuters, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 13, Three powerful earthquakes jolted Indonesia in less than 24 hours, triggering tsunami alerts and sending panicked residents fleeing to high ground. At least 10 people were killed in the tremors.
    (Reuters, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 14, Powerful earthquakes struck Indonesia for a third day, terrorizing thousands of people who slept outside in fear of tsunami and falling debris. The death toll reached 13 and  seismologists warned that the worst may be yet to come.
    (AP, 9/14/07)

2007        Oct 30,     The San Francisco Bay area's largest earthquake in nearly two decades rattled homes and nerves. The magnitude-5.6 temblor on the Calaveras Fault caused no serious damage or injuries.
    (AP, 10/31/07)(SFC, 10/31/07, p.A1)

2008        Apr 18, A magnitude 5.2 earthquake hit southern Illinois in the Ozark Dome region and was felt across the Midwest.
    (SFC, 4/19/08, p.A5)

2008        May 12, Initial reports said a 7.8 earthquake struck central China, killing over 9,000 people and trapping nearly 900 students under the rubble of their school. 80% of the buildings had collapsed in Beichuan county in Sichuan province. The death toll soon exceeded 12,000 in Sichuan province alone. 18,645 were reported buried in debris in the city of Mianyang, near the epicenter of the quake, whose magnitude was raised to 7.9. The Sichuan quake ended up killing some 80,000 people. Scientists in 2009 linked the quake to the Zipingu Dam, 5.5 km from the epicenter. In 2009 an official tally said 5,335 students were left dead or missing. 
    (AP, 5/1208)(AP, 5/13/08)(WSJ, 2/7/08, p.A6)(AP, 5/7/09)

2008        May 14, China’s Xinhua News Agency said that 2,000 troops had been sent to work on the Zipingku Dam, upriver from Dujiangyan in Sichuan province as the death toll from the May 12 earthquake approached 15,000.
    (AP, 5/14/08)

2008        May 22, China said the toll of dead and missing from last week's powerful earthquake jumped to more than 80,000, while the government appealed for millions of tents to shelter homeless survivors.
    (AP, 5/22/08)

2008        Jun 8, In southwestern Greece a strong earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.5 struck near the port city of Patras, killing at least two people and injuring more than 200.
    (AP, 6/8/08)(SFC, 6/10/08, p.A10)

2008        Jun 14, In northern Japan a magnitude-7.2 earthquake ripped across mountains and rice fields, killing at least 13 people as it sheared off hillsides, jolted buildings and shook nuclear power plants. 10 people remained missing.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A8)(AP, 6/18/08)(AFP, 7/10/08)

2008        Aug 5, A magnitude 6.0 earthquake rocked the western Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Gansu, killing one person and injuring 23 near the site of May's devastating quake that killed at least 70,000 people.
    (Reuters, 8/5/08)

2008        Aug 30, A 6.1 earthquake hit southwest China's Sichuan province, killing least 36 people and turning tens of thousands of homes into rubble and cracked reservoirs.
    (Reuters, 8/30/08)(AP, 8/31/08)(AP, 9/1/08)

2008        Sep 10, A strong earthquake rocked southern Iran sending tremors across the Persian Gulf to the skyscrapers of Dubai. Iranian state television reported that seven people were killed and 40 others were injured.
    (AP, 9/10/08)

2008        Oct 5, A 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck the mountains of Central Asia, destroying Nura village in Kyrgyzstan and killing at least 75 people including 41 children.
    (AP, 10/6/08)(AP, 10/7/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.B6)

2008        Oct 6, A magnitude 6.6 earthquake killed at least 30 people in Tibet with a number of people buried in debris.
    (Reuters, 10/6/08)

2008        Oct 11, A strong earthquake hit Chechnya and other parts of Russia's North Caucasus, killing at least 13 people and damaging scores of hospitals, schools and other buildings.
    (AP, 10/11/08)(SFC, 10/18/08, p.B6)

2008        Oct 29, In southwestern Pakistan a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck before dawn, killing at least 215 people and turning mud and timber homes into rubble. An estimated 15,000 people were left homeless, and rescuers were digging for survivors in a remote valley in Baluchistan province. Officials later feared the death toll would pass 300.
    (AP, 10/29/08)(AP, 10/30/08)(AP, 10/31/08)

2008        Nov 17, In eastern Indonesia a 7.5 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sulawesi killed at least 6 people, damaged hundreds of homes and briefly triggered a region-wide tsunami warning.
    (AP, 11/17/08)(SFC, 11/17/08, p.A3)(AP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 10, George W. Housner (b.1910), known in his profession as the father of earthquake of engineering, died.
    (WSJ, 11/22/08, p.A11)

2008        Dec 29, Yellowstone National Park was jostled by a host of small earthquakes for a third straight day, and scientists watched closely to see whether the more than 250 tremors were a sign of something bigger to come.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2009        Jan 4, In eastern Indonesia a series of powerful earthquakes toppled or badly damaged more than 100 buildings and left one person dead and dozens injured.
    (AP, 1/4/09)(AP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 8, A magnitude 6.1 earthquake rocked Costa Rica killing at least 20 people with dozens still missing.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 21, Haydar Al-Shukri, the director of the Arkansas Earthquake Center at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, said a previously unknown fault, could trigger a magnitude 7 earthquake with an epicenter near a major natural gas pipeline.
    (AP, 1/22/09)

2009        Jan 25, In China a Richter scale 5.0 earthquake hit an area inhabited by the Xibe people. It destroyed nearly 200 homes and damaged nearly 3,000 buildings. The community, originally from Manchuria, had established a frontier garrison in Xinjiang during the Qing dynasty.
    (Reuters, 1/26/09)

2009        Feb 12, In Indonesia at least 42 people were injured and hundreds of homes and buildings damaged when a major earthquake struck off Sulawesi island near the Philippines.
    (AP, 2/12/09)

2009        Mar 31, Bernardo De Bernardinis, deputy chief of Italy’s Civil Protection Department, told the people in the L'Aquila region that recent tremors over the last 4 months posed no danger. He and 6 others were later indicted following the April 6 earthquake that left 308 people dead. Their trial began in 2011. On Nov 10, 2014, an appeals court cleared the seven defendants in the case. Dr. De Bernardinis received a two-year suspended sentence for the deaths of some of the victims.
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.86)(SFC, 11/11/14, p.A2)(Econ, 11/15/14, p.82)

2009        Apr 6, In central Italy a magnitude 6.3 earthquake knocked down whole blocks of buildings as residents slept, killing 309 people in L'Aquila, capital of the Abruzzo region, which was near the epicenter. It was the country's deadliest quake in nearly three decades. Tens of thousands were homeless and 1,500 were injured. 8 students were killed when their dorm collapsed  in L'Aquila. Investigations into shoddy construction soon followed.
    (AFP, 4/6/09)(AP, 4/6/09)(AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 10/19/09)(Econ, 10/27/12, p.80)

2009        Apr 17, In Afghanistan two earthquakes shook eastern Nangarhar province, collapsing mud-brick homes on top of villagers while they slept and killing at least 21 people. Two suicide bombers on foot tried to attack the office of the minister of refugees in southern Nimroz province. Guards shot and killed one bomber at the scene of the attempted attack. While fleeing the 2nd bomber detonated his explosives, killing 3 civilians. A Norwegian intelligence officer serving with the nation's peacekeeping force was killed by a roadside bomb near the northern city of Maymana.
    (AP, 4/17/09)

2009        Apr 27, In Mexico an earthquake of magnitude 5.6 was centered near Chilpancingo, about 130 miles (210 km) southwest of Mexico City. 2 women aged 67 and 75 died of heart attacks during or shortly after the earthquake, and four homes and a perimeter wall collapsed in and around the resort of Acapulco.
    (AP, 4/28/09)

2009        May 28, In Belize and Honduras a magnitude 7.1 earthquake collapsed more than two dozen homes, killing at least 6 people and injuring 40 others as terrified people ran into the streets in towns across much of Central America.
    (AP, 5/28/09)

2009        Jul 9, In China a 6.0 earthquake rocked Yunnan province, killing one person and destroying thousands of houses. More than 400,000 people left their homes following the tremor that left at least one person dead.
    (AP, 7/10/09)

2009        Sep 2, A powerful 7.0 earthquake rattled southern Indonesia, killing at least 64 people crushed by falling rock or collapsed buildings and sending thousands fleeing outdoors for safety in the middle of the work day. More than 10,000 buildings were severely damaged.
    (AP, 9/2/09)(AP, 9/4/09)

2009        Sep 19, In Indonesia a strong earthquake shook the popular resort island of Bali, injuring at least seven people and sending panicked tourists and residents fleeing out of homes and hotels.
    (AP, 9/19/09)

2009        Sep 21, A strong 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck the remote Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan, killing at least 12 people and damaging monasteries and other buildings.
    (AP, 9/21/09)(AP, 9/22/09)

2009        Sep 29, A magnitude 8.0-8.3 earthquake struck about 120 miles south of the islands of Samoa, which has about 180,000 people, and American Samoa, a US territory of 65,000. Four tsunami waves 15 to 20 feet (4 to 6 meters) high roared ashore on American Samoa, reaching up to a mile (1.5 kilometers) inland. At least 136 were killed in Samoa and at least 32 on American Samoa and leaving dozens missing. Authorities in Tonga, south of the Samoas, confirmed at least 9 dead.
    (AP, 9/30/09)(AFP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/5/09)

2009        Sep 29, A magnitude 8.0-8.3 earthquake struck about 120 miles south of the islands of Samoa, population about 180,000 people, and American Samoa, a US territory of 65,000. Four tsunami waves 15 to 20 feet (4 to 6 meters) high roared ashore on American Samoa, reaching up to a mile (1.5km) inland. At least 142 were killed in Samoa and at least 32 on American Samoa and leaving dozens missing. Authorities in Tonga, south of the Samoas, confirmed at least 9 dead.
    (AP, 9/30/09)(AFP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/5/09)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)

2009        Oct 1, In Indonesia rescue workers used excavators to pull out victims from the heavy rubble of buildings felled by the previous day’s 7.6 earthquake. The death toll was expected to rise. The region was jolted by another powerful earthquake, causing damage but no reported fatalities.
    (AP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Nov 4, A 4.9-magnitude earthquake struck Bandar Abbas, a key port city in southern Iran, injuring at least 700 people and cutting power and telephone lines.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 9, In central Indonesia 6.7 undersea earthquake killed one person, injured dozens and damaged hundreds of houses on remote Sumbawa Island. Local officials said torrential rains have triggered a series of landslides on Sulawesi island, killing at least 14 residents and burying many more.
    (AP, 11/9/09)

2009        Dec 19, A 6.4-magnitude quake was centered off the eastern coast of Taiwan. 14 people were injured and with minor damage in Taipei as well as near the epicenter.
    (AP, 12/19/09)

2009        Dec 20, In Malawi a 6.0 earthquake destroyed several buildings in the southeastern Karonga district, killing at least three people and injuring about 200.
    (AP, 12/20/09)

2010        Jan 2, In Tajikistan a magnitude 5.3 earthquake struck the Pamir Mountains. Some 783 people were left homeless. 98 houses were completely destroyed and nearly 1,000 others damaged by the quake that hit several villages in the Gorno-Badakhshansky region.
    (AP, 1/3/10)(AP, 1/5/10)

2010        Jan 4, A tsunami unleashed by an earthquake plowed into the Solomon Islands with the crashing waters devastating at least one village, leaving over a thousand people homeless. The US Geological Survey recorded 8 earthquakes in the region since late Jan 3. The magnitude 7.2 was centered 64 miles (103 km) southeast of Gizo, and followed a 6.5 tremor less than two hours earlier centered 54 miles (90 km) southeast of Gizo at a depth of 6 miles (10 km).
    (AP, 1/4/10)(AP, 1/5/10)

2010        Jan 12, A powerful 7.0 earthquake hit Haiti and crushed thousands of structures, from schools and shacks to the National Palace. Thousands of people were believed dead and untold numbers were trapped. An estimated 3 million people were in need of emergency aid. The quake left over 200,000 people dead. Some 4,500 prison inmates escaped during the earthquake. By April they were terrorizing neighborhoods and fighting turf battles. The UN later estimated 222,570 people were killed and 300,572 injured. In 2011 a report commissioned by USAID contended that between 46,000 and 85,000 people were killed by the quake, far below the Haitian government's death toll of 316,000.
    (AP, 1/13/10)(SFC, 3/11/10, p.A2)(SFC, 4/8/10, p.A2)(Econ, 3/19/11, p.46)(AFP, 6/1/11)

2010        Jan 18, The European Union said some 200,000 people may have been killed in the magnitude-7.0 quake, quoting Haitian officials who also said about 70,000 bodies have been recovered so far.
    (AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 20, A 6.1 aftershock struck Haiti, shaking more rubble from damaged buildings and sending screaming people running into the streets eight days after the country's capital was devastated by an apocalyptic quake.
    (AP, 1/20/10)

2010        Feb 25, In China at least 29 people were injured and hundreds of buildings damaged in a magnitude 5.4 earthquake in southwestern Yunnan province.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 27, A magnitude 8.8 earthquake struck Chile, toppling homes, collapsing bridges and plunging trucks into the fractured earth. Interior Minister Edmundo Perez Yoma said it was the most powerful quake to hit the country in a half-century. Authorities the next day put the death toll from the earthquake at over 700. The death toll was later revised to 486 with 79 missing. Some 1.5 million Chileans were affected and 150,000 people were left homeless. A tsunami caused by the quake swept across the Pacific and killed several people on a Chilean island. It devastated coastal communities near the epicenter, but caused little damage in other countries. Damages were later estimated at $30 billion. By the end of March Chilean officials confirmed 432 people dead and 98 still missing in the earthquake and tsunami.
    (AP, 2/27/10)(AP, 2/28/10)(SFC, 3/17/10, p.A2)(AP, 3/19/10)(Econ, 3/20/10, p.43)(AP, 4/7/10)

2010        Mar 4, Chile’s government said it had identified 279 dead, dropping the confirmed official death toll from 802. The Feb 27 magnitude-8.8 quake, one of the strongest on record, and the tsunami that followed ravaged a 700-km (435-mile) stretch of Chile's Pacific coast.
    (AP, 3/5/10)
2010        Mar 4, In Taiwan a powerful 6.4 earthquake and more than a dozen aftershocks jolted southern Taiwan, injuring 96 people, toppling farm houses and derailing a carriage on a high-speed train.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 5, In Chile 3 strong aftershocks shook the center of the country, sending panicked residents rushing out of their homes and leveling more buildings in an area already hard hit by the Feb 6 monster earthquake.
    (AFP, 3/5/10)

2010        Mar 8, In Turkey a 5.9 magnitude, pre-dawn earthquake struck near the village of Basyurt in the remote, sparsely populated area of eastern Elazig province. 51 people were killed as it knocked down stone and mud-brick houses and minarets in at least six villages.
    (AP, 3/8/10)(SFC, 3/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 21, A small earthquake struck northern Haiti, collapsing an apartment building and killing at least three people.
    (AP, 3/21/10)

2010        Apr 4, A 7.3 magnitude earthquake centered just south of the US border near Mexicali killed two people in Mexico and injured at least 100.
    (AP, 4/5/10)

2010        Apr 7, In Indonesia a magnitude 7.7 earthquake shook Indonesia's northwest island of Sumatra, triggering a small tsunami, snapping power lines and sending panicked residents rushing for higher ground.
    (AP, 4/7/10)

2010        Apr 14, In western China a series of strong earthquakes struck a mountainous area of Tibet, killing some 2,064 people and injuring more than 10,000, as houses made of mud and wood collapsed. 5 days later 3 people were pulled alive from the rubble. On May 31 the toll was raised to 2,698 with 270 still missing.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 4/15/10)(AP, 4/16/10)(AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 5/31/10)

2010        Apr 16, In Iran cleric Hojatoleslam Kazem Sedighi, the acting prayer leader of Tehran, said women who wear immodest clothing and behave promiscuously are to blame for earthquakes.
    (SFC, 4/20/10, p.A4)

2010        May 9, In Indonesia an earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 7.4 rattled the North Sumatra province, prompting a brief local tsunami watch, knocking out power and damaging some homes.
    (AP, 5/9/10)

2010        May 14, In Algeria a moderate earthquake killed two people and injured 43 others.
    (AFP, 5/15/10)

2010        Jun 16, Indonesia was hit by a series of powerful earthquakes. At least 17 people were killed and more than 4,600 others left homeless.
    (AP, 6/16/10)(AP, 6/21/10)

2010        Jun 30, In Mexico a 6.2 earthquake, centered in Oaxaca, killed at least one man.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 21, Southern Iran was shaken by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake killing one person.
    (AFP, 7/21/10)

2010        Jul 30, In northeastern Iran an earthquake injured 274 people. A slightly stronger tremor struck central Iran the next day.
    (Reuters, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 28, In Iran three people died in the 5.9 magnitude earthquake that shook the country's remote northeast. Forty others were injured.
    (AP, 8/28/10)

2010        Sep 4, In New Zealand chimneys and walls crumbled to the ground, roads cracked in half and residents were knocked off their feet as a powerful magnitude-7.1 earthquake rocked the South Island. No one was killed.
    (AP, 9/4/10)

2010        Oct 25, In western Indonesia a 7.7 magnitude earthquake off Sumatra’s coast triggered a 10-foot (3m) tsunami that pounded remote island villages, killing at least 113 people and leaving scores more missing.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Nov 3, Serbia declared a state of emergency in the area around Kraljevo after a 5.3 earthquake rattled its central region, killing at least two people and injuring 50 others.
    (AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Dec 20, In southeastern Iran a magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck a remote area late at night, killing at least 11 people and injuring 40 people.
    (AP, 12/21/10)(SFC, 12/22/10, p.A3)

2010        Dec 30, In southwestern Poland 3 miners were killed by falling rocks after a minor earthquake at a copper mine.
    (AP, 12/30/10)

2011        Jan 18, In Pakistan a 7.2 magnitude earthquake was centered in Baluchistan province.
    (SFC, 1/19/11, p.A3)

2011        Feb 22, Christchurch, New Zealand, lay in ruins after a magnitude 6.3 earthquake toppled tall buildings and churches. The earthquake left at least 166 dead, including 21 Chinese students. The earthquake also caused some 30 million tons of ice to break off from New Zealand's biggest glacier. On Feb 3 rescuers officially gave up hope of finding more survivors.  On May 16 nine final victims of the earthquake were declared dead, ending an agonizing wait for families of people whose remains have never been identified in the wreckage. 3 Israelis died in the Christchurch quake that killed 181 people. Other Israelis escaped the quake. One of the Israelis who died was carrying at least five passports. A 2012 report said a six-story building that collapsed and killed 115 people in the earthquake was made of weak columns and concrete and did not meet standards when it was built in 1986.
    (AFP, 2/23/11)(AFP, 2/25/11)(AP, 3/4/11)(AP, 3/5/11)(AP, 5/16/11)(AP, 7/19/11)(AP, 2/9/12)

2011        Mar 10, In China a magnitude 5.8 earthquake toppled more than 3,600 houses and apartment buildings in the southwest near the border with Myanmar, killing at least 25 people and injuring more than 200.
    (AP, 3/10/11)(AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 11, A ferocious tsunami spawned by an 8.9 earthquake, one of the largest ever recorded, slammed Japan's eastern coast, killing hundreds of people as it swept away boats, cars and homes while widespread fires burned out of control. At least 574 people were killed including 74 elementary school students and 10 teachers at the Okawa primary school. Estimates put the toll as high as 1300. At least 10,000 people were missing. Japan declared states of emergency for five nuclear reactors at two power plants after the units lost cooling ability in the aftermath of the earthquake. The quake (the fourth-largest recorded since 1900) was caused when the Pacific tectonic plate dove under the North American plate, which shifted Eastern Japan towards North America by about 13 feet. The disaster, which became known as 3/11, killed 180 villagers at Ukedo. Altogether more than 28,700 people were killed.  
    (AP, 3/11/11)(AP, 3/12/11)(http://tinyurl.com/5sphrbr)(SFC, 1/25/12, p.A3)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.35)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.86)
2011        Mar 11, In Santa Cruz, Ca., a tsunami from the earthquake off Japan caused at least $17.1 million in damage to the harbor, and another $4 million to private boats. Gov. Jerry Brown issued an emergency declaration for the harbor. A series of powerful surges generated by the quake arrived about 7:30 a.m. and pounded the Crescent City harbor in northern California. Eight boats were believed sunk and dozens of others damaged.
    (AP, 3/13/11)

2011        Mar 18, The Japanese government acknowledged that it was overwhelmed by the scale of last week's twin natural disasters. The earthquake and tsunami has now officially left more than 6,900 dead and more than 10,700 missing.  Japanese engineers conceded that burying a crippled nuclear plant in sand and concrete may be a last resort to prevent a catastrophic radiation release. Authorities raised the rating of the nuclear crisis to a Level 5 from a Level 4 on a seven-point international scale.
    (AP, 3/18/11)(Reuters, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 19, One of Japan's six tsunami-crippled nuclear reactors appeared to stabilize but the country suffered another blow after discovering traces of radiation in food and water from near the stricken power plant. Crews fighting to cool reactors managed to connect a power line. Japan halted sales of food products near Fukushima because of contamination by a radioactive element which can pose a short-term health risk. Japan's police agency said 7,348 are dead and 10,947 are missing after last week's earthquake and tsunami.
    (AP, 3/19/11)(AFP, 3/19/11)(Reuters, 3/19/11)

2011        Mar 24, In Myanmar a 6.8 earthquake struck the northeast, shaking buildings as far away as Bangkok. The next day Myanmar state radio announced that 73 people had been killed and 111 injured.
    (AP, 3/24/11)(Reuters, 3/24/11)(AP, 3/25/11)

2011        Apr 7, Japan was rattled by a strong 7.1 magnitude aftershock and tsunami warning nearly a month after a devastating earthquake and tsunami flattened the northeastern coast. At least 4 people died in the aftershock, the worst since  the March 11 9.0 quake.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(AFP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 11, In Japan a strong 7.0 earthquake rattled the northeast as the government urged more people living near a tsunami-crippled nuclear plant to leave, citing concerns about long-term health risks from radiation.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 12, In Japan a powerful 6.0 earthquake struck near the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, shaking buildings in Tokyo. No tsunami warning was issued and no damage immediately reported.
    (AFP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 16, A strong earthquake of magnitude 5.8 hit central Japan.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        May 11, In Spain a pair of temblors, with magnitudes of 4.4 and 5.2, killed nine people and caused extensive damage in Lorca.
    (AP, 5/12/11)

2011        May 20, In western Turkey a 5.9-magnitude earthquake damaged buildings in Simav. At least three people were killed in the region.
    (AP, 5/20/11)

2011        Jun 13, In New Zealand strong aftershocks rattled Christchurch. Thousands of aftershocks have followed the 6.3 quake that killed 181 people on Feb 22.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 23, In Japan a 6.7 earthquake rattled the northeast, that same area of march 11 quake, which triggered a massive tsunami.
    (SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 10, In Japan a 7.1 earthquake hit the northeastern coast. There were no reports of immediate damage.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)

2011        Jul 20, A magnitude-6.1 temblor centered in Kyrgyzstan hit shortly after midnight in a mountainous area some 20 miles (35 km) away from the eastern Uzbek city of Ferghana, which has a population of more than 200,000. The earthquake killed at least 14 people, including 13 in Uzbekistan and one in Tajikistan.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Aug 23, The most powerful earthquake to strike the East Coast in 67 years shook buildings and rattled nerves from South Carolina to Maine. Frightened office workers spilled into the streets in New York, and parts of the White House, Capitol and Pentagon were evacuated. The magnitude 5.8 earthquake and was centered 40 miles northwest of Richmond, Va. The Washington Monument obelisk closed indefinitely due to earthquake damage.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(SFC, 9/27/11, p.A7)

2011        Sep 6, In Indonesia 3 people were killed when a 6.6-magnitude earthquake hit Sumatra island.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 18, In India a magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit Sikkim state in the northeast near the border with Nepal. Some buildings collapsed in Sikkim's state capital of Gangtok. At least 108 people were killed with more than 100,000 homes damaged. The confirmed deaths included 6 in Nepal and 7 in Tibet.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 19, In Guatemala 4 earthquakes struck the southeastern part of the country in less than two hours, causing at least one death. At least three people were reported missing.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Oct 13, In Indonesia a 6.0 earthquake jolted the island of Bali, injuring dozens of people and causing panic as hundreds of tourists fled violently shaking buildings.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 20, Two small earthquakes hit the San Francisco area, jolting residents on the same day many Californians took part in an annual earthquake preparedness drill. A 3.8 evening quake came nearly six hours after a magnitude 4.0 earthquake hit in the same area.
    (AP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 21, A 7.6 earthquake struck off the coast of Tonga, but there were not immediate reports of damage or injuries.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 23, A powerful 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey, collapsing about 45 buildings. It was estimated that up to 1,000 people could have been killed. The worst damage was caused to the town of Ercis, in the mountainous eastern province of Van where 80 multi-story buildings collapsed with people trapped in 40 of them. By Oct 30 the death toll reached 596 with some 2500 injured and thousands homeless.
    (AP, 10/23/11)(AP, 10/24/11)(AP, 10/30/11)

2011        Oct 28, A 6.9-magnitude quake just off the central coast of Peru. Peruvian authorities said 134 homes were destroyed and 103 people treated at hospitals for injuries.
    (AP, 10/29/11)

2011        Nov 2, UK shale gas firm Cuadrilla Resources said exploration work triggered small tremors at its drill site near Blackpool in northwest England earlier this year, as activists scaled a rig protesting against its gas recovery methods.
    (Reuters, 11/2/11)

2011        Nov 3, In China rescuers began battling against the clock to rescue 50 coal miners trapped underground in Henan province after a sudden explosion of rocks killed four of their colleagues. The rock burst in Henan happened moments after a 2.9 magnitude earthquake shook Sanmenxia city, where the mine is located.
    (AP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 5, In Oklahoma a 5.6-magnitude earthquake hit the state with the epicenter located 44 miles east of Oklahoma City. It was felt as far away as Wisconsin and South Carolina, but there were no serious injuries. The largest earthquake previously recorded in Oklahoma was a 5.5-magnitude tremor in 1952. In 2013 geologists said the Oklahoma quake and other seismic activity in the central US was linked to the disposal of wastewater from fracking operations for oil extraction.
    (Reuters, 11/6/11)(SFC, 3/27/13, p.D3)

2011        Nov 9, In eastern Turkey another earthquake, measuring 5.7, struck 9 miles (16km) south of Van. A Japanese aid worker was among 39 people killed by the earthquake. All the fatalities occurred in the Bayram Hotel and the low-budget Aslan Hotel. It hit the same region slammed by an Oct. 23 temblor that left 600 people dead.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AP, 11/11/11)(AP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 15, A magnitude-5.2 quake shook eastern Turkey, already devastated by two powerful tremors.
    (AP, 11/15/11)

2011        Dec 10, In Mexico a magnitude-6.5 earthquake struck western Guerrero state, shaking buildings and causing panic in the nation's capital and the Pacific resort of Acapulco. Officials said at least three people died.
    (AP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 23, New Zealand's Christchurch was rocked by a fresh series of powerful earthquakes, sending terrified people fleeing into the streets 10 months after a devastating quake claimed 181 lives. Two shallow quakes of magnitude 5.8 and 5.9 and a series of aftershocks struck as malls were packed with afternoon Christmas shoppers.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)

2012        Jan 30, In Peru some 112 people were treated for injuries after a magnitude-6.3 earthquake struck the country's central coast at 11 minutes after midnight.
    (AP, 1/30/12)

2012        Feb 6, In the Philippines a 6.9 magnitude earthquake shook Negros island and set off landslides. 58 people were killed and 60 left missing.
    (AP, 2/6/12)(AP, 2/7/12)(AP, 2/8/12)(AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Feb 26, A powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 6.8 shook southwestern Siberia, the second to hit the area in two months. There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
    (AP, 2/26/12)

2012        Mar 5, A magnitude 4.0 earthquake shook the San Francisco Bay area. It was centered about 15 miles northeast of San Francisco, and was at a depth of 5.5 miles.
    (Reuters, 3/5/12)

2012        Mar 6, In the Philippines a 5.2 earthquake struck leaving 10 people injured. It was centered at sea just two miles (3 km) north of Masbate City on the island province of Masbate.
    (AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 16, In the Philippines a 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck off the southern island of Dinagat and left at least 45 people injured, most of them shoppers who panicked and rushed in a stampede for the exits.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 20, In Mexico a 7.4 magnitude earthquake was centered near the border between the southern states of Oaxaca and Guerrero. It damaged hundreds of homes and sent thousands of people fleeing from swaying office buildings, yet even after 10 aftershocks there were no reported deaths. 2 people injured in Guerrero state died on March 22.
    (AP, 3/21/12)(AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 25, A magnitude-7.1 earthquake struck central Chile, the strongest and longest that many people said they had felt since a huge quake devastated the area two years ago. There were no reports of major damage or deaths due to quake-related accidents.
    (AP, 3/26/12)

2012        Apr 11, A huge earthquake struck beneath the Indian Ocean and triggered a burst of large quakes around the world. At least 4 faults ruptured within 100 seconds to create a giant quake with a combined magnitude of 8.7 off the island of Sumatra.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)(SFC, 9/27/12, p.A1)

2012        Apr 12, A strong 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Mexico, waking up residents living near the Gulf of California, only hours after a separate temblor swayed tall buildings in Mexico City, causing evacuations.
    (AP, 4/12/12)

2012        Apr 16, A strong magnitude-6.7 earthquake shook central Chile late today, prompting authorities to order the evacuation of a stretch of coastline and causing hundreds of people in the capital to flee buildings in panic. A least one death was attributed to the quake.
    (AP, 4/17/12)

2012        Apr 17, A 7.0-magnitude quake struck off the northeast of Papua New Guinea, but there was no tsunami warning issued.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)

2012        May 20, In northeast Italy a 6.0 earthquake rattled the region around Bologna, killing at least 7 people, collapsing factories and sending residents running out into the streets. A report in 2014 linked this and a May 29 earthquake to high-pressure water pumped by Padana Energia into the nearby Cavone oilfield in 2011 to squeeze out more oil.
    (AP, 5/20/12)(Reuters, 5/20/12)(SFC, 5/22/12, p.A4)

2012        May 29, In northern Italy a magnitude 5.8 earthquake shook the region around Bologna, killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 5/29/12)

2012        Jun 11, In Afghanistan 2 shallow earthquakes less than half an hour apart shook the mountainous Hindu Kush region, starting a slide of debris that smashed into a remote village, burying mudbrick houses to a depth of up to 100 meters. Over 70 people were feared killed.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 24, In southwest China an earthquake struck the border between the provinces of Sichuan and Yunnan, killing at least two people and injuring around 100. The Chinese government put the magnitude of the quake at 5.7.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)

2012        Aug 11, In northwest Iran hundreds of villages were flattened by twin earthquakes (magnitude 6.4 and 6.3), leaving 306 dead and 3,037 injured. Around half the 600 villages located in the zone were damaged or destroyed.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)(AFP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 18, In Indonesia a magnitude-6.3 quake struck near Palu city on Sulawesi Island. At least 6 people were killed.
    (AP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 31, A 7.6-magnitude quake struck off the eastern coast of the Philippines, killing at least one person in a house collapse, knocking out power in several towns and generating negligible tsunami surges.
    (AP, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 5, In Costa Rica a magnitude-7.6 earthquake blocked a few highways, collapsed some houses and left at least 2 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/5/12)

2012        Sep 7, In southwest China twin earthquakes collapsed houses and triggered landslides in a remote mountainous part of the borders of Guizhou and Yunnan provinces, killing at least 81 people and injuring over 800.
    (AP, 9/7/12)(AP, 9/8/12)(AP, 9/9/12)

2012        Nov 7, Guatemala was struck by a 7.4-magnitude earthquake. It was centered 15 miles off the coastal town of Champerico and 100 miles southwest of Guatemala City. 40 people died in the state of San Marcos, 11 more were killed in the neighboring state of Quetzaltenango, and one in Solola state. 22 people remained missing.
    (AP, 11/7/12)(AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Nov 11, Northern Myanmar was struck by a magnitude-6.8 earthquake, collapsing a bridge and a gold mine, damaging several old Buddhist pagodas and leaving as many as 12 people feared dead.
    (AP, 11/11/12)

2012        Dec 5, In Iran a magnitude 5.5 earthwuake hit South Khorasan province late today. At least 6 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 7, A magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Japan’s Miyagi prefecture. This was the same Japanese coast devastated by last year's massive quake and tsunami. There were no reports of deaths or serious damage.
    (Reuters, 12/7/12)

2012        Dec 14, A magnitude 6.4 earthquake was recorded at 2:36 a.m. in the Pacific Ocean 167 miles west southwest of Rosarito, Mexico. There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
    (AP, 12/14/12)

2013        Jan 22, A magnitude 6.0 earthquake rocked parts of western Indonesia, killing a 9-year-old girl, panicking residents and ruining homes.
    (AP, 1/22/13)

2013        Jan 30, In north-central Chile a magnitude-6.8 earthquake shook offices, toppled supermarket shelves and broke windows.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Feb 6, A powerful 8.0 earthquake off the Solomon Islands generated a tsunami of up to 1.5 meters (about 5 feet) that damaged dozens of homes and left at least 9 people dead in the South Pacific island chain.
    (AP, 2/6/13)(AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Mar 26, Earthquakes shook a broad swath of southern Mexico, causing buildings to sway in the capital and sending thousands fleeing into the streets. There were no immediate reports of damages or injuries.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 27, A magnitude 6.1 earthquake struck central Taiwan, killing at one person and injuring 19 as it damaged buildings on the island.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Apr 9, In Iran a 6.1 magnitude earthquake killed at least 37 people in a sparsely populated area in the country's south.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 16, A 7.7 earthquake, described as the strongest to hit Iran in more than half a century, flattened homes and offices on both sides of the Iran-Pakistan border, killing at least 34 people in in a single village in Pakistan and swaying skyscrapers and buildings as far away as New Delhi.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 17, A magnitude 6.8 earthquake shook Papua New Guinea's northern coast, sending residents fleeing for higher ground and items tumbling from shelves. There were no immediate reports of serious damage.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 20, In China a powerful earthquake struck the steep hills of Lushan county, Sichuan province, leaving at least 186 people dead and more than 11,000 injured.
    (AP, 4/20/13)(AP, 4/21/13)

2013        Apr 24, In Afghanistan 18 people were killed by the earthquake that struck Nangarhar and Kunar provinces.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        May 24, An earthquake in the Sea of Okhotsk, east of the Russian coast and north of Japan registered 8.0 on the Richter scale. Tremors were felt as far away as Moscow, about 7,000 km (4,400 miles) west of the epicenter.
    (AP, 5/24/13)

2013        Jun 1, A magnitude 5.7 earthquake hit the southern Philippines late today, injuring at least 33 people and damaging more than 140 houses.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 2, A magnitude 6.5 earthquake jolted Taiwan, killing two people and injuring at least 21 others and causing panicked shoppers to rush out of a shaking multi-story department store.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jul 2, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.1 earthquake killed at least 22 people and injured hundreds in Aceh province.
    (AP, 7/3/13)

2013        Jul 21, In New Zealand a 6.5 magnitude earthquake hit Wellington. Four people were injured. The quake was centered under the Cook Strait, 35 miles southwest of Wellington.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)(SFC, 7/22/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 22, In northwest China two earthquakes shook an arid, hilly farming area sparking landslides that destroyed or damaged thousands of brick-and-mud homes in Gansu Province. At least 95 people were killed and more than 400 injured.
    (AP, 7/22/13)(AP, 7/23/13)(SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A4)

2013        Aug 31, In China a 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit a remote part of Yunnan province near the popular tourist area of Shangri-La, killing 5 people and injuring 24 more.
    (AFP, 8/31/13)

2013        Sep 24, In Pakistan a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck the southern part of Baluchistan province.
    (Reuters, 9/24/13)

2013        Sep 25, Pakistani rescuers struggled to help thousands of people injured and left homeless after their houses collapsed in a major earthquake in the remote district of Awaran in Baluchistan province as the death toll from the massive tremor the day before rose to at least 271.
    (AP, 9/25/13)

2013        Sep 26, In Pakistan the death toll from the Sep 24 earthquake climbed to 355 as survivors complained that aid was not reaching far-flung areas.
    (AP, 9/26/13)

2013        Sep 27, Pakistani officials said  the death toll from the Sep 24 earthquake in Baluchistan province has reached 515.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Sep 28, A 7.2 earthquake rocked Pakistan's southwest. At least 15 people were killed in the Mushkay area of Awaran, just days after another quake in the same region killed hundreds of people.
    (AP, 9/28/13)(SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A8)

2013        Oct 15, In the central Philippines a powerful earthquake measuring 7.2 struck islands popular with tourists. At least 171 people were killed, mostly on Bohol island.
    (AP, 10/15/13)(AFP, 10/16/13)(Reuters, 10/17/13)(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A4)

2013        Oct 16, An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.1 struck off the coast of Papua New Guinea.
    (Reuters, 10/16/13)

2013        Nov 28, In Iran a 5.7 magnitude earthquake on the Gulf coast near the country’s sole nuclear power plant killed eight people and injured 190.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)

2014        Feb 12, In China a strong and shallow 6.8-magnitude earthquake struck the far western region of Xinjiang, but in a sparsely populated area.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)

2014        Apr 1, A magnitude 8.2 earthquake struck off the coast of northern Chile near the copper exporting port of Iquique, killing 7 and triggering a tsunami that pounded the shore with 2m (7-foot) waves. The quake allowed some 300 inmates to escape from the Iquique women’s prison.
    (Reuters, 4/2/14)(SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A4)

2014        Apr 2, In Chile a 7.6-magnitude aftershock struck just before midnight. No new major damage or casualties were reported.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 13, A powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 struck off the Solomon Islands, hours after a 7.6 tremor. No casualties or damages were reported.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 19, An earthquake with a magnitude 7.8 was recorded off Papua New Guinea.
    (Reuters, 4/19/14)

2014        May 9, In southern Pakistan a magnitude 5 earthquake rattled several towns in before dawn, killing one person and injuring 70.
    (AP, 5/9/14)

2014        May 24, A magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck northern Greece and western Turkey. Over 250 people were reported injured.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 7, A magnitude-6.9 earthquake on the Pacific Coast jolted a wide area of southern Mexico and Central America. At least 5 people were killed, 2 in Guatemala and 3 in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/7/14)(SFC, 7/9/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 1, In Algeria a 5.6 earthquake shook Algiers leaving 6 people dead. 4 died after jumping from windows in panic and 2 from heart attacks.
    (SFC, 8/2/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 3, In southern China a magnitude 6.1 earthquake in Yunnan province toppled thousands of homes. The death toll soon climbed to nearly 600 people with more than 1,800 injured.
    (AP, 8/3/14)(SFC, 8/4/14, p.A3)(AFP, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 12, In Ecuador a 5.1 magnitude earthquake left at least 4 people dead in the Quito region.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A2)(SFC, 8/14/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 23, In California an earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.0 shook the northern SF Bay area early today. It was centered about 10 miles northwest of American Canyon, about six miles southwest of Napa.
    (AP, 8/24/14)

2014        Aug 31, A magnitude-6 earthquake struck northern Pakistan, though there were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.
    (AP, 8/31/14)

2014        Sep 27, In Peru a shallow 4.9-magnitude earthquake killed at least 8 people whose crudely constructed homes collapsed in a remote Andean village near Cuzco.
    (AP, 9/28/14)

2014        Oct 7, In southwestern China a strong, shallow 6.0 earthquake shook Yunnan province. At least one person was killed as aftershocks continued to strike the area.
    (AP, 10/8/14)

2014        Oct 13, A magnitude 7.4 earthquake off the Pacific coast of El Salvador disrupted power to several communities and claimed the life of one man who had been sleeping on a street. The quake was part of a series of strong temblors that rattled much of Central America.
    (AP, 10/14/14)

2014        Oct 15, A magnitude 6 earthquake struck western Iran  at a depth of 36.7 km.
    (Reuters, 10/15/14)

2014        Nov 21, A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck off the coast of Indonesia’s North Maluku province.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A2)

2014        Nov 22, In western China a magnitude-5.9 earthquake struck a lightly populated, mountainous area. At least 5 people were killed and 54 injured.
    (AP, 11/22/14)(AP, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 22, In central Japan a magnitude-6.8 earthquake struck near Nagano city causing at least one building to collapse. At least 50 homes were destroyed in two villages, and 41 people injured across the region.
    (AP, 11/22/14)(AP, 11/23/14)

2015        Feb 18, The Dutch Safety Board said Royal Dutch Shell, Exxon Mobil Corp and the Dutch government ignored the danger of earthquakes caused by gas extraction at the massive Groningen gas field for decades.
    (Reuters, 2/18/15)

2015        Mar 14, In China an earthquake in the eastern city of Fuyang killed two people and damaged thousands of homes.
    (AP, 3/14/15)

2015        Apr 25, In Nepal a magnitude 7.9 earthquake killed hundreds of people, toppling a 19th-century tower in the capital Kathmandu and touching off a deadly avalanche on Mount Everest. More than 8,800 were killed making this disaster the deadliest to hit the Himalayan country on record. India reported at least 49 killed in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal states.
    (Reuters, 4/25/15)(AP, 4/25/15)(Reuters, 4/26/15)(Reuters, 5/17/15)(AFP, 8/5/15)

2015        Apr 26, In Nepal a magnitude 6.7 aftershock followed the 7.9 earthquake from a day earlier as the death toll passed 2,200 people. The bodies of 17 climbers were recovered from Mount Everest after being caught in avalanches.
    (Reuters, 4/26/15)

2015        Apr 27, In Nepal the death toll from the April 25 magnitude 7.9 earthquake climbed to more than 4,000. Reports trickling in from remote areas suggested it would rise significantly Another 66 were reported killed across the border in India and at least another 20 in Tibet.
    (Reuters, 4/27/15)(AP, 4/27/15)

2015        May 1, In Nepal the confirmed death toll from the April 25 earthquake rose to 6,250, with 14,357 injured according to a government. Up to 1,000 Europeans were among the missing.
    (Reuters, 5/1/15)

2015        May 12, In Nepal a magnitude 7.3 earthquake killed at least 91 people, bringing down buildings already weakened by a devastating tremor less than three weeks ago and unleashing landslides in Himalayan valleys near Mount Everest. 17 people were reported killed in India.
    (AP, 5/12/15)(Reuters, 5/12/15)(SFC, 5/14/15, p.A2)

2015        May 30, A magnitude 8.5 earthquake struck off the east coast of Japan, shaking buildings in Tokyo.
    (Reuters, 5/30/15)

2015        Jun 5, In Malaysia a magnitude-6.0 earthquake struck near Mount Kinabalu. At least 16 people were killed with two missing.
    (AP, 6/5/15)(AFP, 6/6/15)(Reuters, 6/7/15)

2015        Jul 3, In China a magnitude 6.5 earthquake hit a rural part of far western Xinjiang region, killing 6 people, injuring dozens and destroying or damaging thousands of homes.
    (AP, 7/3/15)

2015        Jul 25, In northwest Pakistan a magnitude-5.1 quake rocked Islamabad and elsewhere early today killing 3 people.
    (AP, 7/25/15)

2015        Aug 3, Oklahoma regulators imposed new restrictions on energy companies injecting wastewater underground, in the latest effort to stem a sharp increase in earthquakes.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)

2015        Aug 7, In eastern Congo DRC an earthquake killed 2 children and a police officer and triggered fears that nearby volcano Mount Nyiragongo could erupt.
    (Reuters, 8/7/15)

2015        Sep 16, In Chile a magnitude 8.3 earthquake killed at least 12 people and sent powerful waves barreling into coastal areas, forcing more than 1 million people from their homes.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)(SSFC, 9/20/15, p.A6)

2015        Sep 18, The Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC), which regulates the state's oil and gas industry, ordered companies to shut or reduce usage of five saltwater disposal wells around the north-central Oklahoma city of Cushing. Days later an earthquake with a magnitude of 4.5 struck near the crude oil hub of Cushing.
    (Reuters, 11/19/15)

2015        Oct 17, In Argentina a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck the northwest, leaving at least one person dead and damaging homes in the Salta region.
    (Reuters, 10/17/15)

2015        Oct 26, A major earthquake struck the remote Afghan northeast, killing at least 135 people in Afghanistan and nearby northern Pakistan and sending shock waves as far as New Delhi. The death toll from the 7.5 magnitude quake soon reached 385.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)(AP, 10/28/15)

2015        Oct 27, The Taliban encouraged aid groups to help victims of the massive earthquake in northern Afghanistan and Pakistan as rescuers struggled to form a clear picture of the damage caused by the disaster as the death toll passed 300.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)

2015        Nov 7, A magnitude-6.8 earthquake struck north-central Chile, causing buildings to sway in the capital of Santiago, but there were no immediate reports of injuries.
    (AP, 11/7/15)
2015        Nov 7, In western Venezuela a magnitude 5.3 earthquake struck about 27 km (17 miles) from the city of Merida, knocking out power in some areas, damaging some buildings and triggering rockfalls that killed one man.
    (Reuters, 11/7/15)

2015        Nov 8, In Indonesia an earthquake measuring 6.1 magnitude struck 107 km south of Sibolga, Sumatra.
    (AP, 11/8/15)

2015        Nov 17, In Greece a magnitude 6.5 earthquake off the western coast killed 2 elderly women.
    (CSM, 11/17/15)

2015        Nov 19, A magnitude 4.7 earthquake struck northern Oklahoma.
    (Reuters, 11/19/15)

2015        Dec 7, Eastern Tajikistan was struck by a 7.2-magnitude earthquake. State television said one person was killed ten were injured.
    (AFP, 12/7/15)

2015        Dec 25, In Afghanistan and Pakistan a 6.3 earthquake jolted the Hindu Kush just before midnight. At least 12 people were injured in eastern Nangarhar province. A pregnant woman was killed when a boulder fell on her house in Peshawar.
    (AFP, 12/26/15)

2016        Jan 4, A powerful earthquake struck northeast India and Bangladesh, killing at least 11 people and injuring nearly 200, with efforts to reach remote areas where people may be trapped hampered by severed power lines and telecommunication links.
    (Reuters, 1/4/16)

2016        Jan 24, In south-central Alaska a magnitude-6.8 earthquake knocked items off shelves and walls in and jolted the nerves of residents in this earthquake-prone region. There were no immediate reports of injuries.
    (AP, 1/24/16)

2016        Feb 6, A powerful earthquake struck southern Taiwan early today killing at least 59 people, most in the 17-storey Weiguan Golden Dragon apartment complex that collapsed. At least four people, including an 8-year-old girl, were rescued on Feb 8 from the high-rise building. 270 people survived. Lin Ming-hui, the developer of the building, was arrested on Feb 8. Rescue efforts ended on Feb 13 with 116 confirmed dead and one person still missing.
    (AFP, 2/6/16)    (AP, 2/8/16)(Reuters, 2/9/16)(AP, 2/13/16)

2016        Mar 2, An earthquake of magnitude 7.9 that struck off Indonesia's island of Sumatra killing a number of people.
    (Reuters, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 7, US regulators asked oil and gas producers in central Oklahoma to restrict wastewater disposal operations to help curb a spike in the number and severity of earthquakes.
    (SFC, 3/8/16, p.A7)

2016        Apr 10, In Pakistan a magnitude 6.6 earthquake rattled Islamabad and other cities across the country. 6 people were killed across northern Pakistan. The quake's epicenter was in remote northeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/10/16)(Reuters, 4/11/16)

2016        Apr 13, A magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck Myanmar and was felt in parts of eastern India and Bangladesh, causing residents to rush out of their homes in panic. There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.
    (AP, 4/13/16)

2016        Apr 14, In southern Japan an earthquake of magnitude 6.2 struck 11 km (7 miles) east of Kumamoto, bringing down some buildings. 9 people were killed. More than 100 aftershocks continued to rattle the region.
    (Reuters, 4/14/16)(AP, 4/15/16)(AFP, 4/16/16)
2016        Apr 14, An earthquake of magnitude 6.2 struck 133 km (83 miles) northwest of the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu.
    (Reuters, 4/14/16)

2016        Apr 16, In Ecuador a magnitude 7.8 earthquake killed 660 people, caused devastation in coastal towns and left an unknown number trapped in ruins. More than 700 aftershocks soon followed.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)(AFP, 4/23/16)(SFC, 5/17/16, p.A2)
2016        Apr 16, In southern Japan a magnitude 7.3 earthquake killed at least 32 people just two days after a 6.2 quake. The death from the two quakes rose to 41 and scores of people were feared buried alive. 11 people remained missing.
    (AFP, 4/16/16)(Reuters, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 16, A 6.1 magnitude quake struck southeast of the Pacific island nation of Tonga, with no immediate reports of damage.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)

2016        Apr 19, Japan's southern quake-hit area was rattled by a strong aftershock and searchers found a woman's body buried under landslide rubble. The death toll soon rose to 48 from two powerful earthquakes last week. Three people remained missing.
    (AP, 4/19/16)(AP, 4/20/16)

2016        Apr 20, President Rafael Correa said Ecuador will temporarily increase some taxes, sell assets, and may issue new bonds on the international market to fund a multi-billion dollar reconstruction after a devastating 7.8 magnitude quake. The death toll from the weekend earthquake neared 600.
    (Reuters, 4/21/16)
2016        Apr 20, A 6.1-magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Ecuador.
    (AFP, 4/20/16)
2016        Apr 20, An earthquake measuring 6.1 magnitude struck off northeastern Japan.
    (Reuters, 4/20/16)

2016        May 18, In Ecuador two earthquakes at magnitude 6.7 and 6.8 struck in the early morning and at midday leaving one person dead and dozens injured.
    (SFC, 5/19/16, p.A4)

2016        Aug 12, A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 6.1 struck about 460 km (290 miles) southwest of the South Pacific island nation of Tonga.
    (Reuters, 8/12/16)
2016        Aug 12, A major earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 struck about 535 km (330 miles) southeast of the South Pacific island nation of Vanuatu. There were no immediate reports of casualties or damage.
    (Reuters, 8/12/16)

2016        Aug 14, In Peru a shallow, magnitude 5.4 earthquake shook the southern picturesque Colca Valley, killing at least 4 people.
    (AP, 8/15/16)

2016        Aug 19, The US Geological Survey said a 7.4-magnitude quake shook the southern Atlantic Ocean early today, with an epicenter 195 miles (316 km) from islands hosting a British Antarctic research station.
    (AFP, 8/19/16)

2016        Aug 20, Japan was hit by a strong earthquake (6.0) off the northern coast one day after a magnitude 5.3 hit off the coast of Ibaraki prefecture. There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
    (AFP, 8/20/16)

2016        Aug 24, A magnitude 6-6.2 earthquake struck central Italy. 17 deaths were confirmed in Amatrice alone. The preliminary death toll was 38. The death toll soon climbed to 290. A Polish geologist said it was caused by the slow but constant under-surface movement of the African Plate toward Europe.
    (AP, 8/24/16)(AFP, 8/25/16)(AP, 8/27/16)
2016        Aug 24, In Myanmar a powerful earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.8 shook the center of the country, knocking glasses off tables and sending people running out of buildings in Yangon. At least 4 people were killed.
    (AP, 8/24/16)(AP, 8/25/16)

2016        Sep 3, In Oklahoma a 5.6 earthquake, one of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded in the state, rattled the area northwest of Pawnee, fueling growing concern about seismic activity linked to energy production.
    (Reuters, 9/3/16)(SSFC, 9/4/16, p.A8)

2016        Oct 26, In central Italy a pair of strong earthquakes struck late today in the same region hit by a deadly quake in August. The only death in the aftermath was attributed to a heart attack in a 73-year-old man.
    (AP, 10/27/16)

2016        Oct 30, Italy's most powerful earthquake in 36 years stuck the country's mountainous center, panicking shell-shocked residents for the third time in two months and flattening a world famous 600-year-old basilica. The 6.6 magnitude quake hit near the small mountain town of Norcia. There were no reports of anyone dying.
    (AFP, 10/30/16)

2016        Nov 6, In central Oklahoma a 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck near Cushing. The state recorded 19 earthquakes in the past week. Scientists have linked the sharp increase to the underground disposal of wastewater from oil and gas production.
    (SFC, 11/7/16, p.A5)

2016        Nov 22, Northeastern Japan was jolted by a magnitude-7.4 earthquake, the strongest since a devastating quake and tsunami five years ago. Only moderate tsunami waves reached shore.
    (AP, 11/22/16)

2016        Dec 7, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.5 earthquake rocked Aceh province early today, killing more than 100 people and sparking a frantic rescue effort in the rubble of dozens of collapsed and damaged buildings.
    (AP, 12/7/16)(AP, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 9, A 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit the Solomon Islands. A 6.9 magnitude aftershock followed a day later.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 17, A major 7.9-magnitude earthquake struck off Papua New Guinea, but no immediate casualties were reported.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)

2016        Dec 25, In southern Chile thousands of people were evacuated from coastal areas following a powerful 7.6 magnitude Christmas Day earthquake.
    (AP, 12/25/16)

2017        Jan 18, In Italy four powerful earthquakes, magnitude 5.1-5.7, reverberated through the Amatrice area still recovering from deadly tremors last year. More than 130,000 homes were without electricity.
    (AFP, 1/18/17)

2017        Feb 10, In the southern Philippines a magnitude 6.7 nighttime earthquake killed eight people and injured more than 120 in Surigao del Norte province. The number of people killed was later reduced to four.
    (AP, 2/11/17)(AP, 2/12/17)(AP, 3/5/17)

2017        May 10, In western China a moderate earthquake killed eight people in the Xinjiang region.
    (SFC, 5/11/17, p.A2)

2017        May 14, In Iran a 5.7 magnitude earthquake near the Turkmenistan border killed two people, injured hundreds and caused widespread damage.
    (AFP, 5/14/17)

2017        Jun 12, An earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.2 shook western Turkey and the Greek island of Lesbos, injuring at least 10 people and damaging buildings.
    (AP, 6/12/17)

2017        Jun 14, A strong 6.9 magnitude earthquake hit western Guatemala along the border with Mexico. Five people were killed with power cuts and damage to some buildings.
    (AFP, 6/14/17)(SSFC, 6/18/17, p.C14)

2017        Jun 22, A magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck off the coast of Guatemala, damaging buildings and downing trees as well as causing powerful tremors in neighboring El Salvador. There were no reports of casualties.
    (Reuters, 6/22/17)

2017        Jul 6, In the central Philippines a magnitude 6.5 shallow earthquake left at least two people dead and injured more than 100, including several in a collapsed building where others were trapped in Kananga town, Leyte province.
    (AP, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 17, A magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck off Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 7/17/17)

2017        Jul 21, A magnitude 6.7 earthquake killed two people on the Greek holiday island of Kos, also causing disruption in the Turkish tourist hub of Bodrum, where 80 people were injured. A Turkish and a Swedish tourist, aged 39 and 22 years, died when the roof of a popular bar collapsed.
    (Reuters, 7/21/17)(AFP, 7/21/17)

2017        Aug 8, In China a 7.0-magnitude earthquake late today struck a remote, mountainous part of southwestern province of Sichuan, killing at least 19 people, including eight tourists, and injuring 247. The death toll rose to 23 as more bodies were recovered.
    (Reuters, 8/9/17)(AFP, 8/11/17)

2017        Aug 21, In Italy an earthquake hit the tourist-packed holiday island of Ischia this evening, killing two people, injuring dozens and trapping three young brothers who survived for up to 16 hours before being rescued.
    (Reuters, 8/22/17)

2017        Sep 3, North Korea released photos of leader Kim Jong Un next to what it described as a H-bomb for an ICBM, then actually detonating a device underground in its sixth and by far most powerful nuclear test to date. Chinese seismologists later concluded that North Korea's underground nuclear test site partially collapsed following the massive bomb blast, making it unusable. The blast triggered a 6.3-magnitude earthquake that was felt across the northern border with China.
    (AP, 9/3/17)(Econ, 9/9/17, p.36)(AP, 4/25/18)

2017        Sep 7, An 8.1 earthquake hit off the southern Pacific coast of Mexico late today, killing at least 61 people with 45 dead in Oaxaca state, 12 in Chiapas and 4 in Tabasco. It was the most powerful earthquake to hit Mexico in over eight decades sending panicked people into the streets more than 650 miles (1,000 km) away. The death toll later rose to at least 96.
    (AP, 9/8/17)(Reuters, 9/9/17)(AP, 9/9/17)(Reuters, 9/10/17)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.30)

2017        Sep 19, In Mexico a magnitude 7.1 earthquake killed at least 245 people, nearly half of them in the capital, 32 years to the day after a devastating 1985 quake. The death toll nationwide later rose to at least 369. The collapse of an elementary school in Mexico City left 26 people dead, including 19 children. In 2020 the owner of the school was found guilty of charges equivalent to manslaughter.
    (Reuters, 9/20/17)(AP, 9/21/17)(AP, 9/25/17)(AP, 9/29/17)(AP, 10/4/17)

2017        Sep 23, In Mexico a new magnitude 6.1 earthquake shook southeast of Matias Romero, Oaxaca state, causing new alarm in a country reeling from two still-more-powerful quakes this month that have killed nearly 400 people.
    (AP, 9/23/17)

2017        Sep 24, In Mexico a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck off the west coast. The epicenter of the quake was 99 km south-southwest of Tonala, in Chiapas state.
    (Reuters, 9/24/17)
2017        Sep 24, In Mexico the search continued in a ruined office building in Mexico City's hip Roma neighborhood and a five-story apartment in historic Tlalpan after the Sep 19 magnitude 7.1 quake toppled dozens of buildings and killed over 300 people. Economic losses were estimated at $4 billion to $8 billion.
    (Reuters, 9/24/17)

2017        Sep 25, In Mexico City the death toll from the Sept. 19 earthquake rose to 186, and 324 nationwide. Only 103 of Mexico City's nearly 9,000 schools were cleared to reopen.
    (AP, 9/25/17)

2017        Sep 26, In Mexico the death toll in the Sept. 19 earthquake rose to 333, with 194 of those deaths in Mexico City.
    (AP, 9/26/17)(SFC, 9/27/17, p.A4)

2017        Oct 4, Mexican officials said the last body known to be trapped in rubble following the Sept. 19 magnitude 7.1 earthquake has been recovered, and they raised the overall death toll from the quake to 369.
    (AP, 10/4/17)

2017        Oct 31, In Indonesia a magnitude-6.3 quake was centered about 32 km (20 miles) west-southwest of Hila, a town on Ambon, the main island in Maluku.
    (AP, 10/31/17)

2017        Nov 12, A powerful 7.3 magnitude earthquake late today near the Iraq-Iran border killed over 530 people across both countries. Iran's western Kermanshah province bore the brunt of the temblor. In Iraq, nine people were killed and 550 were injured, all in the country's northern Kurdish region.
    (AP, 11/13/17)(Reuters, 11/14/17)(AFP, 11/26/17)(AP, 1/11/18)
2017        Nov 12, A magnitude 6.5 earthquake shook Costa Rica. Two serious injuries were reported.
    (SFC, 11/13/17, p.A4)

2017        Nov 19, An earthquake of magnitude 6.6 struck in the Pacific Ocean 42 miles (67 km) east-northeast of Tadine in New Caledonia's Loyalty Islands.
    (Reuters, 11/19/17)

2017        Dec 15, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.5 earthquake shook Java island, killing two people and severely damaging dozens of homes near the epicenter.
    (AP, 12/16/17)

2018        Jan 14, In southwestern Peru a magnitude 7.3 earthquake caused at least two deaths and 65 injuries.
    (AFP, 1/14/18)

2018        Jan 23, A magnitude-7.9 earthquake struck in the Gulf of Alaska, sending the state's coastal residents inland to seek shelter from possible tidal waves. Tsunami alerts were soon lifted.
    (Reuters, 1/23/18)
2018        Jan 23, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.0 earthquake shook the island of Java, killing at least one person and damaging hundreds of homes.
    (AP, 1/23/18)

2018        Jan 31, A magnitude 6.1 earthquake hit Afghanistan and Pakistan killing a young girl and injuring 15 others.
    (SFC, 2/1/18, p.A2)

2018        Feb 1, A mining watchdog advised the Dutch government to significantly reduce the amount of gas extracted from the Groningen region, saying a cut is necessary to lower the risk of damage from subsequent earthquakes.
    (AP, 2/1/18)

2018        Feb 6, A magnitude 6.4 earthquake late today near Taiwan's east coast caused several buildings to cave in and tilt dangerously. At least ten people were killed and 58 remained missing.
    (Reuters, 2/7/18)(SFC, 2/7/18, p.A2)(AP, 2/8/18)(SFC, 2/8/18, p.A3)

2018        Feb 7, London-based Aon Securities said the World Bank has launched a $1.4 billion catastrophe bond covering Latin American earthquakes, the largest earthquake catastrophe bond on record. The multi-tranche bond would provide earthquake relief for Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
    (Reuters, 2/7/18)

2018        Feb 10, In Taiwan search and rescue workers found the bodies of two people believed to be members of a Chinese family trapped in a partially collapsed hotel, bringing the death toll from the Feb. 6 earthquake to 14. Three people remained missing.
    (AP, 2/10/18)

2018        Feb 16, A prolonged 7.2 magnitude quake rocked Mexico and left nearly a million homes and businesses without power in the capital and south. Thirteen people were killed when a minister's UH-60 Black Hawk military helicopter crash-landed in Santiago Jamiltepec, Oaxaca state, on its way to the epicenter of the earthquake.
    (Reuters, 2/17/18)(AFP, 2/17/18)(AFP, 2/18/18)

2018        Feb 26, In Papua New Guinea a magnitude 7.5 earthquake in the remote highlands region cut roads and damaged buildings. At least 55 people were killed and authorities fear the toll could exceed 100. ExxonMobil Corp shut its liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in the wake of the quake.
    (Reuters, 2/26/18)(Reuters, 2/27/18)(AP, 2/28/18)(SSFC, 3/4/18, p.C16)(AP, 3/7/18)

2018        Mar 6, A magnitude 6.7 earthquake shook a remote Papua New Guinea region that was badly damaged by a powerful quake last week. The quake was followed by two others measuring magnitude 5.0 and 5.1.
    (AP, 3/6/18)

2018        Apr 9, In Japan a magnitude 6.1 quake struck 12 km (7 miles) underground near Ohda city, about 800 km (480 miles) west of Tokyo. Five people sustained injuries, but most of them were minor and not life-threatening.
    (AP, 4/9/18)

2018        Apr 18, In Indonesia a shallow 4.4 magnitude earthquake in central Java killed three people dead and damaged more than 300 homes.
    (SFC, 4/20/18, p.A2)

2018        May 2, In Iran a magnitude 5.3 earthquake injured at least 76 people and damaged buildings in the southwestern city of Sisakht.
    (Reuters, 5/2/18)

2018        May 3, In South Africa 13 miners were trapped at the mine located in its Driefontein operations west of Johannesburg after an earthquake caused a cave-in. Seven miners were killed at Sibanye-Stillwater's Masakhane mine. Six others were rescued after being trapped underground for two days.
    (Reuters, 5/5/18)

2018        May 4, In Hawaii magnitude 6.9 temblor rocked the Big Island as the Kilauea volcano continued erupting.
    (AP, 5/6/18)

2018        May 5, In southern Poland two missing coal miners were found hurt but conscious after an earthquake struck at the Zofiowka coal mine in the Silesian coal basin. One miner was crushed to death and another was trapped, while three remained missing. The bodies of two miners were found after many days of rescue efforts. One other miner remained missing.
    (AP, 5/5/18)(AFP, 5/6/18)(AP, 5/13/18)

2018        Jun 18, In western Japan residents cleaned up debris after a powerful 6.1 earthquake hit the area around Osaka, the country's second-largest city, killing five More than 370 people were injured in the region.
    (AP, 6/18/18)(AP, 6/19/18)

2018        Jul 7, In Japan a 5.9-magnitude earthquake hit outside of Tokyo this evening, swaying buildings in the capital, but no tsunami warning was issued.
    (AFP, 7/7/18)

2018        Jul 29, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck the tourist island of Lombok. 16 people were killed, scores inured and thousands of homes damaged. More than 120 aftershocks were recorded.
    (AFP, 7/29/18)(SFC, 7/31/18, p.A2)

2018        Aug 5, In Indonesia a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the tourist island of Lombok, killing more over people. More than 230 were seriously injured and  thousands of buildings were destroyed. Different death tolls later ranged from 226 to 381.
    (Reuters, 8/6/18)(AP, 8/7/18)(AP, 8/8/18)

2018        Aug 9, The Indonesian island of Lombok was shaken by a third big earthquake in little more than a week as the official death toll from the most powerful of the quakes topped 300.
    (AP, 8/9/18)

2018        Aug 10, Indonesian officials said the death toll from the huge 6.9 magnitude earthquake on Lombok island on August 5 has climbed to more than 320, even as relief efforts picked up pace.
    (Reuters, 8/10/18)

2018        Aug 13, Indonesian authorities said the holiday island of Lombok suffered damage running into more than 5 trillion rupiah ($342 million) from last week's 6.9 earthquake as the death toll climbed to more than 430.
    (Reuters, 8/13/18)

2018        Aug 19, A deep, undersea earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 8.2 struck Fiji and small tsunami waves have been observed but no damage reported.
    (AP, 8/19/18)
2018        Aug 19, In Indonesia a strong earthquake jolted the tourist island of Lombok, causing landslides and damaging buildings. At least 12 people were killed as the island strived to recover from a temblor earlier this month that killed hundreds of people.
    (AP, 8/19/18)(AP, 8/20/18)

2018        Aug 24, A 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Peru, close to its borders with Brazil and Bolivia.
    (AP, 8/24/18)

2018        Aug 26, A strong 6.0-magnitude earthquake struck western Iran's Kermanshah province early today, killing two people and injuring more than 250. There were three apparent aftershocks until sunrise, all at least magnitude 4.
    (AFP, 8/26/18)(AP, 8/26/18)

2018        Sep 6, In northern Japan a magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck the island of Hokkaido triggered dozens of landslides that crushed houses under torrents of dirt, rocks and timber, prompting frantic efforts to unearth any survivors. The death toll  soon rose to 18. In one small town two dozen people remained unaccounted for after an entire mountainside collapsed on their homes.
    (AP, 9/6/18)(AFP, 9/6/18)(AP, 9/7/18)

2018        Sep 7, In Iran a 5.6 magnitude earthquake shook the southeast, killing at least one person and damaging houses in several villages.
    (AP, 9/7/18)

2018        Sep 8, In Japan the Hokkaido government said that 30 people are dead or presumed dead and nine remain missing from the Sept. 6 earthquake. All but three of the victims are in the town of Atsuma, where landslides crushed and buried houses at the foot of steep forested hills.
    (AP, 9/8/18)
2018        Sep 8, In the southern Philippines an earthquake of 6.4 magnitude struck the east coast of the island of Mindanao.
    (AP, 9/8/18)

2018        Sep 9, Japanese authorities said the death toll has hit 39 from the September 6 earthquake that struck the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.
    (AP, 9/9/18)

2018        Sep 28, In Indonesia a magnitude 7.5 earthquake rocked the island of Sulawesi, triggering a 3-meter (10-foot) -tall tsunami that an official said swept away houses in at least two cities. At least 384 people were killed in the hard-hit city of Palu alone. The death toll soon jumped to more than 1,200.
    (AP, 9/28/18)(Reuters, 9/28/18)(AP, 9/29/18)(AP, 10/2/18)

2018        Sep 30, Indonesia's disaster agency said the death toll from the Sept. 28 7.5 earthquake and tsunami more than doubled to 832, and nearly all of those were from the hard-hit city of Palu on the island of Sulawesi.
    (AP, 9/30/18)

2018        Oct 6, A magnitude 5.9 earthquake hit Haiti late today killing at least 14 people with135 injured. At least seven people died in the coastal city of Port-de-Paix and three people died in the nearby community of Gros-Morne in the province of Artibonite.
    (AP, 10/7/18)(Reuters, 10/8/18)

2018        Oct 8, In Indonesia the death toll from the Sept. 28 devastating earthquake and tsunami on Sulawesi island neared 2,000. Thousands more are believed unaccounted for and officials said search teams plan to stop looking for victims later this week.
    (AP, 10/8/18)

2018        Oct 9, Indonesia's disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said the toll from the Sept. 28 earthquake and tsunami had climbed to 2,010.
    (AP, 10/9/18)

2018        Dec 26, A magnitude 4.8 earthquake triggered by Mount Etna's eruption jolted eastern Sicily before dawn, injuring at least 10 people.
    (Reuters, 12/26/18)

2018        Dec 27, In Venezuela a magnitude 5.5 earthquake jolted people from their sleep early today, forcing residents in the capital to evacuate buildings in their pajamas before sunrise. There were no immediate reports of casualties.
    (AP, 12/27/18)

2018        Dec 29, In the southern Philippines a magnitude 7.2 undersea earthquake struck off Davao Oriental province, prompting people to scramble out of shopping malls and buildings and authorities to warn villagers to stay away from beaches in case of a tsunami. The death toll from the storm eventually rose to 126. Authorities said landslides caused by torrential rain were the top cause.
    (AP, 12/29/18)(AFP, 1/6/19)

2019        Jan 6, In western Iran a magnitude 5.5 earthquake hit an area near the Iraqi border, injuring about 31 people.
    (Reuters, 1/6/19)

2019        Jan 19, In Chile a magnitude 6.7 earthquake hit the north-central coast late today. As many as 200,000 were left without power and two people dead of heart attacks.
    (Reuters, 1/20/19)

2019        Feb 22, A deep magnitude-7.5 earthquake struck the Ecuador-Peru border region early today, causing tremors that the Ecuadorian president said were felt around the country.
    (Reuters, 2/22/19)

2019        Apr 18, A magnitude 6.1 earthquake shook eastern Taiwan this afternoon, causing scattered light damage in the capital and along the eastern coast.
    (AP, 4/18/19)

2019        Apr 22, In the northern Philippines a magnitude 6.1 earthquake killed at least 11 people and trapped others in a collapsed building that housed a supermarket in Pampanga province. A number of people remained unaccounted for at the collapsed Chuzon supermarket.
    (AP, 4/22/19)(SFC, 4/23/19, p.A2)

2019        Apr 23, In the central Philippines a new magnitude 6.4 earthquake hit Eastern Samar province, a day after a magnitude 6.1 quake rattled the country's north and left at least 16 people dead.
    (AP, 4/23/19)

2019        May 14, In Papua New Guinea a magnitude 7.5 quake struck late today at a relatively shallow depth of 10 km.
    (AP, 5/15/19)

2019        May 26, In northern Peru an earthquake with a magnitude as high as 8.0 stuck in the early hours. At least one person was killed.
    (Reuters, 5/26/19)(SFC, 5/27/19, p.A2)

2019        Jun 17, In China a strong 6.0-magnitude earthquake hit near Yibin, Sichuan province. The death toll soon rose to 13 dead and 199 injured, as rescuers pulled bodies and survivors from wrecked buildings.
    (AFP, 6/18/19)

2019        Jun 24, A 7.3-magnitude earthquake struck remote eastern Indonesia. There were no reports of casualties or any major damage.
    (AFP, 6/24/19)

2019        Jun 25, A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the Costa Rica-Panama border around midnight. Seismologists said the disaster was "potentially widespread".
    (AFP, 6/26/19)

2019        Jul 4, In southern California a magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck in the Mojave Desert.
    (SFC, 7/6/19, p.C1)

2019        Jul 5, In southern California a magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck in the Mojave Desert near the town of Ridgecrest. This was the 2nd trembler in the area in two days.
    (SFC, 7/6/19, p.C1)

2019        Jul 14, In Indonesia an earthquake hit North Maluku province killing four people and damaging nearly 1,000 houses.
    (SFC, 7/17/19, p.A2)

2019        Jul 27, An earthquake and aftershocks struck the Batanes islands off the north of the Philippines killing eight people and injuring 60.
    (Reuters, 7/27/19)

2019        Aug 2, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.8 undersea earthquake struck off the islands of Sumatra and Java. Four people were killed and hundreds of buildings left damaged.
    (Reuters, 8/3/19)

2019        Aug 26, British shale gas exploration firm Cuadrilla said another earth tremor has occurred near its fracking site in northwest England, bigger than a 2011 quake which suspended operations at the site for seven years.
    (Reuters, 8/26/19)

2019        Sep 21, An earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 5.6 and an aftershock only slightly weaker shook the Albanian port town of Durres, rocking buildings there and in the capital Tirana and sending residents rushing out into the streets.
    (Reuters, 9/21/19)

2019        Sep 24, In Pakistan-held Kashmir a magnitude 5.8 earthquake destroyed buildings, cracked roads and killed 22 people. Nearly 200 more people were injured. The death toll soon rose to 37.
    (Reuters, 9/24/19)(SFC, 9/26/19, p.A4)

2019        Sep 26, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.5 earthquake hit the eastern province of Maluku. The death toll soon rose to 30 people.
    (Reuters, 9/29/19)

2019        Oct 15, In the SF Bay Area an explosion at a NewStar Energy fuel storage facility in Crockett started a 7-hour blaze that trapped thousands in their homes for hours because of potentially unhealthy air. A 4.5 magnitude earthquake earlier in the day caused malfunctions at two nearby oil refineries operated by Shell and Marathon oil.
    (AP, 10/16/19)   

2019        Oct 16, A magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck the southern Philippines, killing at least one child and injuring more than two dozen other people.
    (Reuters, 10/16/19)

2019        Oct 29, In the Philippines a magnitude 6.6 earthquake triggered a landslide that killed six people and injured more than 100 others in Cotabato province.
    (SFC, 8/30/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 31, In the Philippines another strong earthquake, the third this month, killed five people in Cotabato province.
    (SFC, 11/1/19, p.A2)

2019        Nov 8, A magnitude 5.9 earthquake rocked northwestern Iran before dawn, killing at least five people and injuring more than 300 in crumbling and collapsed buildings. The number of injured people from the earthquake soon jumped to 520.
    (AFP, 11/8/19)(AP, 11/10/19)

2019        Nov 26, In Albania at least 13 people were killed when a magnitude 6.4 earthquake, the most powerful to hit the country in decades, shook the capital Tirana and the country's west and north. The death toll soon climbed to 51 with more than 750 people injured. A disaster report later said the 6.3-magnitude earthquake in Albania caused $1.1 billion in damages and left 17,000 people homeless.
    (Reuters, 11/26/19)(Reuters, 11/27/19)(AP, 11/28/19)(AP, 2/5/20)

2019        Nov 30, Albania ended its search for survivors of a powerful earthquake that killed 51 people, and buried more victims of the disaster including toddler twins and their mother.
    (Reuters, 11/30/19)

2019        Dec 15, In the Philippines a magnitude 6.9 earthquake jolted Davao del Sur province, killing at least one child and causing a three-story building to collapse in Matanao town.
    (AP, 12/15/19)

2020        Jan 6, A 5.8-magnitude quake hit Puerto Rico before dawn, unleashing small landslides, causing power outages and severely cracking some homes.
    (AP, 1/6/20)

2020        Jan 7, Puerto Rico's string of tremors continued as a magnitude 6.4 earthquake knocked out power and left at least one person dead. Damages from this quake were later estimated at $110 million.
    (The Week, 1/7/20)(SSFC, 1/12/20, p.A7)

2020        Jan 11, A magnitude 5.9 earthquake hit Puerto Rico causing extensive damage along the island's southern coast. This followed recent quakes including a magnitude 6.4 quake on Jan. 7.
(SSFC, 1/12/20, p.A7)

2020        Jan 24, In eastern Turkey a magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck Elazig province late today. 18 people were killed in Elazig and four in neighboring Malatya. The death toll soon rose to 41 people with hundreds injured.
    (AP, 1/25/20)(AP, 1/26/20)(AP, 1/27/20)(SFC, 1/28/20, p.A4)

2020        Feb 23, In Turkey nine people were killed in Van province in a magnitude 5.7 earthquake that struck western Iran early today. Iran’s official IRNA news agency said the earthquake affected 43 villages in the mountainous Qotour area. 75 people were reported injured.
    (AP, 2/23/20)

2020        Mar 18, A 5.7-magnitude earthquake shook Salt Lake City and its suburbs early today, sending spooked residents fleeing their homes, knocking out power for tens of thousands and closing the city's airport.
    (AP, 3/18/20)

2020        Mar 22, In Croatia a strong earthquake in Zagreb caused panic, the evacuation of hospitals and widespread damage including to the capital's iconic cathedral. One person was killed and at least 27 injured.
    (AP, 3/22/20)(SFC, 3/24/20, p.A2)

2020        Mar 31, In Idaho a magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck north of Boise this evening, with people across a large area reporting shaking.
    (AP, 3/31/20)

2020        May 2, A 5.4 magnitude earthquake hit southern Puerto Rico hours after the government announced the island's biggest spike in COVID-19. At least 50 families were forced to relocate.
    (SSFC, 5/3/20, p.A4)

2020        May 8, In Iran a magnitude 5.1 earthquake struck early today near Mount Damavand and jolted Tehran, killing at least one person and injuring more than 20 as people ran for their lives.
    (Reuters, 5/8/20)

2020        May 15, In western Nevada a magnitude 6.5 earthquake was recorded early today in a remote area west of Tonopah.
    (AP, 5/15/20)

2020        Jun 23, Mexico’s southern coast was shaken by a 7.4 magnitude earthquake, which was followed by more than 140 aftershocks. Small villages in the Oaxaca region were isolated by rockfalls on mountain roads. At least 10 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 6/23/20)(SSFC, 6/28/20, p.B10)

2020        Aug 9, The most powerful earthquake to hit North Carolina in more than 100 years shook much of the state early today, rattling homes, businesses and residents. the 5.1-magnitude temblor was the largest earthquake to hit the state since 1916, when a magnitude 5.5 quake occurred near Skyland.
    (AP, 8/9/20)

2020        Oct 30, A magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck in the Aegean Sea between the Turkish coast and the Greek island of Samos, collapsing buildings in the city of Izmir In western Turkey. At least 116 people were killed more than 900 others injured. The quake also killed at least two people in Greece.
    (AP, 10/31/20)(SFC, 10/31/20, p.A3)(AP, 11/1/20)(AP, 11/1/20)(Econ., 12/5/20, p.52)

2020        Nov 3, Rescuers in the Turkish city of Izmir pulled a young girl out alive from the rubble of a collapsed apartment building Tuesday, four days after a strong earthquake hit Turkey and Greece as the death toll in the earthquake climbed to 111.
    (AP, 11/3/20)

2020        Nov 4, The death toll in last week’s Aegean Sea earthquake rose to 116 as rescuers in the Turkish city of Izmir finished searching buildings that collapsed in the quake.
    (AP, 11/4/20)

2020        Dec 20, The Kilauea volcano on Hawaii's Big Island erupted late today, followed by magnitude 4.4 earthquake that struck at the volcano's south flank.
    (Reuters, 12/21/20)

2020        Dec 28, A moderate 5.0 earthquake hit central Croatia near the capital of Zagreb early today, triggering panic and damaging some buildings in towns south of the city. There were no immediate reports of injuries.
    (AP, 12/28/20)(SFC, 12/29/20, p.A3)

2020        Dec 29, A magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit central Croatia, destroying buildings and sending panicked people fleeing into rubble-covered streets in a town southeast of the capital. Seven people were killed and at least 20 were injured. Over the next few months nearly 100 sink holes appeared in the area.
    (AP, 12/29/20)(SFC, 3/6/21, p.A2)(SSFC, 3/21/21, p.B8)

2021        Jan 15, In Indonesia a 6.2-magnitude earthquake struck the western coast of Sulawesi island early today, killing at least 42 people, destroying houses, flattening a hospital and setting off landslides.
    (AP, 1/15/21)

2021        Jan 17, Indonesian rescuers retrieved more bodies from the rubble of homes and buildings toppled by a strong earthquake, while military engineers managed to reopen ruptured roads to clear access for relief goods. A total of 79 people died in Mamuju and 11 in Majene from the Jan. 15 quake.
    (AP, 1/17/21)(AP, 1/19/21)

2021        Feb 13, In eastern Japan a magnitude 7.3 earthquake off the coast of Fukushima shook a broad area late today, leaving nearly a million households without power. More than 100 people were injured.
    (NY Times, 2/14/21)(SFC, 2/15/21, p.A4)

2021        Mar 20, A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck off northern Japan, shaking buildings even in Tokyo and triggering a tsunami advisory for a part of the northern coast. No major damage was reported.
    (AP, 3/20/21)

2021        Apr 10, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.0 earthquake killed at least eight people, injured 23 others and damaged more than 300 buildings on the main island of Java.
    (AP, 4/10/21)

2021        May 21, A strong, shallow earthquake shook southwestern China near the border with Myanmar, killing at least three people and injuring more than two dozen.
    (AP, 5/21/21)

2021        May 22, In central China a magnitude 7.3 earthquake collapsed a bridge and caused other damage early today in Qinghai province.
    (AP, 5/22/21)

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