Timeline Cartoons

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"Of Mice and Magin: A History of American Animated Cartoons"  was authored Leonard Maltin.
    (SFC, 7/13/02, p.A19)

Comiclopedia: http://www.lambiek.net/artists/index.htm

1539        Apr 17, Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter, cartoonist (Comedia), was born.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1751        Sep 13, Henry Kobell, Dutch painter and cartoonist, was born.
    (MC, 9/13/01)

1754        May 9, The first American newspaper cartoon was published. The illustration in Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette showed a snake cut into sections, each part representing an American colony; the caption read, "Join or die."
    (AP, 5/9/97)(HN, 5/9/98)

1768        Apr 20, Giovanni AC Canaletto (70), Italian painter, cartoonist (Rialto), died.
    (MC, 4/20/02)

1788        Apr 5, Franz Pforr, German painter, cartoonist (Lukasbund), was born.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1802        Jul 7, The first comic book was published in Hudson, NY. "The Wasp" was created by Robert Rusticoat.
    (MC, 7/7/02)

1808        Feb 20, Honoré Daumier (d.1879), French painter, sculptor, caricaturist and lithographer, was born in Marseilles. He painted Crispin and Scapin.
    (AAP, 1964)(WUD, 1994, p.369)(WSJ, 3/10/00, p.W16)(HN, 2/20/01)

1815        Jun 1, James Gillray (b.1757), British caricaturist and printmaker, died. He is famous for his etched political and social satires, mainly published between 1792 and 1810.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Gillray)(Econ, 12/19/09, p.99)

1829-1833    Honore Daumier created his bust of Comte de Lameth. Daumier honed his caricaturing skills with a series of terra-cotta busts that lampooned the right-wing leaders of the court party. Lameth had fought for the colonists in the American Revolution and had voted to abolish the aristocracy during the French revolution.
    (WSJ, 3/10/00, p.W16)

1832        Apr 15, Wilhelm Busch, German artist, was born. He created the precursor to the cartoon strip.
    (HN, 4/15/02)

1832        Honore Daumier, French artist, was imprisoned for 6 months for his barbs against King Louis-Philippe.
    (WSJ, 3/10/00, p.W16)

1834        Honore Daumier created his lithograph "The Legislative Belly."
    (WSJ, 5/9/00, p.A24)

1835        The French government prohibited political caricature.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.75)

1843        In Britain Punch coined the term “cartoon" to describe its satyrical sketches.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.129)

1852        Mar 13, Uncle Sam made his debut as a cartoon character in the New  York Lantern.
    (AP, 3/13/98)

1867        May 13, Frank Brangwyn, painter, muralist, cartoonist (Willam Morris), was born in Wales.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1875        Sep 11, 1st newspaper cartoon strip, "Professor Tigwissel’s Burglar Alarm" appeared in the New York "Daily Graphics" newspaper.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1877        Apr 29, Tad Dorgen, cartoonist and columnist, was born.
    (HN, 4/29/01)

1879        Feb 11, Honore Daumier (b.1808), French caricaturist, painter, died.
    (WUD, 1994 p.369)(MC, 2/11/02)

1879        Jun 21, Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian cartoonist, illustrator (Candide), was born.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1880        Aug 22, George Herriman (d.1944), cartoonist and creator of Krazy Kat, was born.
    (HN, 8/22/00)

1883        Jun 11, Frank O. King, "Gasoline Alley" cartoonist, was born in Cashton, Wisc.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1883        Jul 4, Rube Goldberg (Ruben Lucius Goldberg, 1883-1970) cartoonist, was born in San Francisco. He was known for cartoons featuring absurdly complicated mechanical devices to accomplish absurdly simple tasks.
    (WUD, 1994, p.607)(SFEC, 4/5/98, p.A28)(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1895        May, Newspaper cartoonist Richard Felton Outcault introduced a new and "distinctly different" cartoon to the readers of Joseph Pulitzer's New York World. "At the Circus in Hogan's Alley" set the standard for modern newspaper comic strips with a zany cast of recurring characters in boisterous plots printed in a color supplement. Americans loved the cartoon, especially the character Mickey Dugan, the goofy-looking boy described as having big ears, a gap-toothed grin and a long yellow nightshirt. By the summer of 1896, "The Yellow Kid" was so closely identified with Pulitzer's newspaper that the term "yellow journalism" was coined to describe the new style of sensationalistic reporting that characterized the World and many of its competitors.
    (HN, 5/18/99)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.129)

1900        Apr 27, Walter Lantz, cartoonist, creator of Woody Woodpecker, was born.
    (HN, 4/27/98)

1902        Nov 16, A cartoon appeared in the Washington Star, prompting the Teddy Bear Craze, after President Teddy Roosevelt refused to kill a captive bear tied up for him to shoot during a hunting trip to Mississippi.
    (HN, 11/16/00)

1902        National syndication of comic strips in newspapers originated when Hearst started selling the right to reproduce his strips in other newspapers.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3bqo2r)(WSJ, 12/29/07, p.A8)

1903        Jun 21, Al[bert] Hirschfield, cartoonist (NINA, NY Times), was born in St Louis, Mo.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1905        Oct 5, Winsor McCay (1871-1934), cartoonist, debuted his “Little Nemo In Slumberland" in the NY Herald. An art book reproducing over 100 of his best pages in full broadsheet was published in 2005.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.E1)(www.bpib.com/illustrat/mccay.htm)

1905        Ruben Garrett Lucius Goldberg (1883-1970), anthropologist aka Rube Goldberg, was hired by the San Francisco Chronicle as a sports cartoonist. He became renowned as the comic inventor of complex machines to do simple tasks. In 1948 he received a Pulitzer Prize for his political cartooning.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rube_Goldberg)

1906        Apr 6, 1st animated cartoon was copyrighted.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1906        Aug 21, Friz Freleng, animator (Bugs Bunny-Emmy 1982), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1907        Feb 28, Milton Caniff, cartoonist (Terry and the Pirates), was born in Hillsboro, Ohio.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1908           May 30, Mel Blanc (d.1989), voice of Bugs Bunny, Elmer Fudd, and Porky Pig in Warner Brothers cartoons, was born in San Francisco. When he died he had "That's All Folks" inscribed on his tombstone.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, Z1 p.8)(AP, 5/30/08)

1912        Jun 17, Wessel Couzijn, sculptor, cartoonist (Auschwitz-monument), was born.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1913        Jan 20, Jose Guadalupe Posada, Mexican cartoonist, died. He had  created Catrina, the Skeleton Lady in her elegant broad-brimmed hat in a satirical engraving sometime between 1910 and his death. Her image grew over the years to symbolize Mexico’s Day of the Dead.
    (AP, 10/31/13)

1913        Aug 25, Walt Kelly, cartoonist who created the comic strip "Pogo," was born.
    (HN, 8/25/98)

1913        Oct 28, The "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman (1880-1944) debuted as a daily comic strip in the New York Evening Journal.

1913        The Toonerville Folks comic strip by Fontaine Fox began about this time and continued to 1955. After a few years the strip was often named the Toonerville Trolley, a funny electric streetcar featured in the strip. Mickey McGuire was a character in the strip and was played by a child actor named Joe Yule Jr. in several silent movies. Yule took the McGuire name for himself, but was sued by Fox. He then changed his name to Mickey Rooney.
    (SFC, 11/7/07, p.G8)

1917        Aug 28, Jack Kirby, cartoonist (X-Men, Spiderman, Hulk, Capt America), was born.
    (MC, 8/28/01)

1918        Nov 24, Frank O. King premiered his comic strip "Gasoline Alley" in the Chicago Tribune. He aged his characters over time.
    (www.toonopedia.com/gasalley.htm)(SFC, 7/8/98, Z1 p.3)(WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A1)

1918        Dec 19, Robert Ripley (1890-1949) began his "Champs and Chumps" cartoon series in the NY Globe. By 1929 the sports series turned into “Ripley’s Believe It or Not!"

1919        Jun 17, The "Barney Google" cartoon strip by Billy DeBeck premiered. In 1924 he introduced a horse named spark Plug to the strip.
    (SFC, 9/7/05, p.G7)(www.toonopedia.com/google.htm)

1919        Dec 19, The Thimble Theatre cartoon strip, by Elzie Segar (1894-1938) of Chesater, Ill., made its debut in the New York Journal and featured the characters Olive Oyl, Castor Oyl, and Ham Gravy, who were the comic's leads for about a decade. Segar added Popeye in 1929.

1919        Movie audiences were introduced to Felix the Cat. Otto Messmer created Felix for an animation studio owned by Pat Sullivan, who licensed the character. A. Schoenhut & Co. of Philadelphia (f.1872) began marketing Felix toys in the 1920s.
    (SFC, 8/31/05, p.G3)

1920        Mar 3, Robert Searle, cartoonist, was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)

1920        Mar 14, Hank Ketchum, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace), was born in Seattle, Wa.
    (MC, 3/14/02)(http://www.askart.com/Biography.asp)

1923        Jun 27, Paul F. Conrad, cartoonist (Pulitzer 1964, 71, 84), was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1923        Frank Willard (1958) created the Moon Mullins comic strip for the Chicago Tribune. The strip continued with other artists following Willard’s death until 1991.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.G6)

1924        The character Caspar Milquetoast appeared in the comic strip “The Timid Soul" created by H.T. Webster. The term milquetoast became a description for a weak, ineffectual or bland person.

1926        Jan, Walt and Roy Disney moved to their new studio at 2719 Hyperion in Los Angeles.

1927        Walt Disney (1901-1966) created the cartoon character Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. He was a precursor to Mickey Mouse.
    (WSJ, 2/10/06, p.B1)

1928        Nov 18, Walt Disney’s "Steamboat Willie," starring Mickey Mouse, premiered at the Colony Theater in NYC. It was the first successful sound-synchronized animated cartoon.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1928)(AP, 11/18/97)

1928        In Denmark Palle Huld (d.2010) won a competition organized by Danish newspaper that wanted to send a teenager would-be-reporter around the globe. For 44 days the 15-year-old traveled to North America, Japan, Siberia and Germany, and was greeted by 20,000 people upon his return to Copenhagen. Herge, the pen name of Belgian author Georges Remi, heard of Huld's journey which reportedly inspired him to create Tintin, the globe-trotting reporter.
    (AP, 12/5/10)

1929        Jan 17, The first Popeye character appeared in the Thimble Theater cartoon strip by Elzie Segar  (1894-1938) of Chesater, Ill.
    (WSJ, 10/15/96, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.C._Segar)

1929        Aug 21, Marie Severin, comic book artist, was born. In the 1950s she worked for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York as it began publishing educational cartoon-style booklets.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.P12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Severin)

1929        The Buck Rogers comic was 1st introduced. A radio show followed from 1932-1947. Dick Calkins, co-author of Buck Rogers, died at 67. In 1988 Lorraine Dille Williams authored "Buck Rogers: The First 60 Years in the 25th Century."
    (SFC, 9/2/02, p.D8)(SFC, 4/13/05, p.G4)

1929        The "Tarzan" comic strip first showed up in newspapers.
    (SFC, 3/30/97, Z1. p.2)

1929        Georges Remi (1907-1983), Belgian author and illustrator, created the cartoon character Tintin under the pseudonym Herge for the children’s supplement, Le Petit Vingtieme. Herge wanted to draw cartoons about the Wild West of America, but his publisher ordered that the new fictional reporter be sent to the soviet Union and then to Belgium’s colony in the Congo.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herg%C3%A9)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.98)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.82)

1930        Aug 9, A forerunner of the cartoon character Betty Boop made her debut in Max Fleischer’s animated short "Dizzy Dishes."
    (AP, 8/9/00)

1930        Sep 8, Cartoonist Murat "Chic" Young (d.1973) introduced the cartoon strip "Blondie." In 2005 it was written seven days a week by his son, Dean, who took over when his father died, and artist Denis Lebrun.
    (AP, 9/8/99)(AP, 7/17/05)

1930        The first cartoon with sound featured Felix the Cat.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, Z1 p.2)
1930        “Sinkin’ in the Bathtub." the first cartoon in the Looney Tunes series, debuted.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)

1931        Aug 1, Tom Wilson (cartoonist of Ziggy), was born.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1931        Oct 4, The comic strip "Dick Tracy," created by Chester Gould (1900-1985), made its debut.
    (AP, 10/4/97)(www.internationalhero.co.uk/d/diktracy.htm)

1932        Apr 9, Paul Krassner, founder and editor of The Realist, cartoonist (MAD mag.), was born.
    (MC, 4/9/02)

1932        May 12, Goofy, aka Dippy Dawg, 1st appeared in 'Mickey's Revue' by Walt Disney.
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1932        The Disney short film “Flowers and Trees" was the first cartoon made in full-color Technicolor and was the first animated film to win an Oscar.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)

1933        Feb 17, Blondie Boopadoop married Dagwood Bumstead in the comic Blondie.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1933        Vincent T. Hamlin began his "Alley Oop" comic strip. It was named after words used by French gymnast and trapeze artists: allez oup.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A25)
1933        In Cleveland, Ohio, Glenville High School classmates Jerry Siegel (b.1914) and Joe Shuster (b.1914) created the Superman cartoon character.

1934        Jun 9, Donald Duck made his 1st screen appearance ("The Wise Little Hen"). His distinctive quack was voiced originally by Clarence Nash.
    (MC, 6/9/02)

1934        Jul 26, Winsor McCay (b.1871), cartoonist, died. His “Little Nemo In Slumberland" was launched by the NY Herald in 1905. An art book reproducing over 100 of his best pages in full broadsheet was published in 2005.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.E1)(www.who2.com/winsormccay.html)

1934        Aug 13, The satirical comic strip "Li'l Abner," created by Al Capp, made its debut.
    (HN 8/13/97)

1934        The Popeye cartoon “We Aim to Please" introduced the catch phrase “I will gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today," uttered by J. Wellington Wimpy.
    (AH, 6/07, p.11)

1935        Jul 24, Pat Oliphant, political cartoonist, was born.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1937        Mar 26, A 6-foot-tall concrete statue of the cartoon character Popeye was unveiled during the Second Annual Spinach Festival in Crystal City, Texas.
    (AP, 3/26/97)

1937        Apr 17, Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J. Fudd and Petunia Pig, debuted.

1937        Apr 28, The 1st animated cartoon electric sign was displayed  in NYC.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1937        Dec 21, "Snow White" premiered as the 1st feature-length color & sound cartoon.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1937        Hal Foster began the Prince Valiant cartoon saga. He passed it on to John Cullen Murphy (d.2004) in 1970. Murphy passed it on to Gary Gianni in 2004.
    (SFC, 7/9/04, p.B7)

1938        Jun 1, Superman made his first appearance in D.C. Comics’ Action Comics Series issue #1. The comic book sold for 10 cents. By 1995 surviving copies sold for over $75,000. Jerry Siegel (b.1914) and Joe Shuster (b.1914) created Superman in 1933. In 2001 Bradford W. Wright authored "Comic Book Nation," a history of comic books. In 2009 a copy of the first Superman comic book sold for 317,200 dollars at an auction.
    (www.greatkrypton.com/superman/creators.php)(SFC, 6/2/96, p.T-11)(WSJ, 5/23/01, p.A24)(AFP, 3/14/09)

1938        Nov 6, The Red Ryder and Little Beaver cartoon strip by Fred Harman (b.1902) began appearing in the Chicago Sun. It went out of syndication in 1964.
    (WSJ, 12/23/03, p.D8)

1938        Bugs Bunny made his premiere in the cartoon "Porky’s Hare Hunt."
    (WSJ, 5/4/01, p.A1)
1938        The animated cartoon “Porky in Wackyland" featured Porky Pig in a Salvador Dali-esque landscape.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)

1939        May 1, Batman comics hit the street in Detective Comics No. 27. Bob Kane (d.1998 at 83) created Batman for DC Comics. The cartoon hero was based on Zorro, da Vinci’s sketch of a flying man, and a silent mystery movie titled "The Bat."
    (SFC, 11/6/98, p.D5)(SFC, 12/14/00, p.C9)(WSJ, 10/25/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/2/10)

1939        May, John Hench (d.2004) joined Disney as a sketch artist on "Fantasia." He was the official portrait painter of Mickey Mouse.
    (SFC, 2/7/04, p.A21)

1940        Feb 20, The Tom and Jerry cartoon “Puss Gets the Boot," created by Hanna & Barbera, debuted by MGM. It went on to win 7 Academy Awards.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0032953/)

1940        Feb 23, Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio" was released.
    (MC, 2/23/02)

1940        May,  Batman No. 1, who made his first appearance in 1939 as a character in Detective Comics No. 27, was the first solo spin-off for Batman. The debut included the original appearances by two of Batman's key foes, the Joker and Catwoman.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batman_%28comic_book%29)(AP, 8/2/10)

1940        Jun 29, In the Batman Comics, mobsters rubbed out a circus highwire team known as the Flying Graysons, leaving their son Dick (Robin) an orphan.
    (MC, 6/29/02)

1940        Jun 30, "Brenda Starr," a cartoon strip by Dale Messick, a woman, appeared in a Chicago Tribune insert. In Dec, 2010, Tribune Media Services announced that it was ending the feature’s newspaper syndication.
    (SFC, 12/10/10, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brenda_Starr_%28comic_strip%29)

1940        Jul 27, Bugs Bunny made his official debut in the Warner Bros. animated cartoon "A Wild Hare." This marked the beginning of the Bugs Bunny series by Fred "Tex" Avery along with the rhetorical "What’s up, Doc?"
    (AP, 7/27/97)(SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.6)

1940        Fawcett Publications spun off Mary Marvel as a comic character from the Captain Marvel series.
    (SFC, 9/7/05, p.G9)

1940        Universal Pictures introduced Woody Woodpecker in the animated short “Knock Knock."
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)

1941        Mar, Timely Comics, the predecessor of Marvel Comics, introduced the "Captain America" comics.

1941        Dec 22, The cartoon character Archie Andrews, drawn by Montana and written by Vic Bloom, first appeared in Pep Comics #22. In 2014 Archie Comics said the Archie character will be heroically sacrifice himself in Life with Archie #36.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archie_Comics)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A8)

1941        Dec, Wonder Woman, a comic book character created by William Moulton Marston (1893-1947) made her debut in All Star Comics #8.

1941        Plastic Man debuted in US comic books. After an accident at a chemical plant gives Eel O'Brian the ability to stretch and alter his shape, he renounces his criminal past and becomes the longest arm of the law. Green Arrow also appeared in US comic books. The Emerald Archer learns his skills while trapped on a desert island. He later escapes to become a modern Robin Hood.
    (AP, 7/20/06)

1942        Aug 13, Walt Disney's animated feature "Bambi" premiered at Radio City Music Hall in New York.
    (AP, 8/13/99)

1942        Nov 21, Tweety Bird, cartoon character, was born.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1943        Aug 30, Robert Crumb, US, cartoonist (Father Time, Fritz Cat), was born.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1944        Feb 20, The Batman & Robin comic strip premiered in newspapers.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1944        Jun 25, George Herriman (b.1880), creator of the "Krazy Kat" cartoon strip (1913-1944), died. In 2002 Fantagraphics published "Krazy and Ignatz: The Komplete Kat Comics 1925-1926."
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.D1)(SSFC, 3/24/02, p.M6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Herriman)

1944        Sep 13, Heath Robinson (b.1872), English cartoonist, died. He is best known for drawings of eccentric machines and "Heath Robinson" has entered the language as a description of any unnecessarily complex and implausible contraption.

1945        Jan 6, Pepe Le Pew, the cartoon skunk created by Chuck Jones and voiced by Mel Blanc, debuted in Odor-Able Kitty.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)(http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0037956/)

1945        Mar 3, Mystery fans remember this day as they gathered around the radio set, listening to the Mutual Broadcasting System as Superman encountered Batman and Robin for the first time. The cartoon character was created by Joe Schuster and Jerry Siegel at DC Comics.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(SFC, 7/8/04, p.B9)

1945        Jul 28, Jim Davis, cartoonist (Garfield), was born.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1947        May 2, William Moulton Marston (b.1893), American psychologist, inventor and comic book writer, died. He created the character Wonder Woman, who made her debut in All Star Comics #8 in December 1941.

1948        Jul 21, Garry Trudeau, political cartoonist (Doonesbury), was born.

1949        Mar 6, Robert Storm Petersen (b.1882), Danish cartoonist, writer, animator, illustrator, painter and humorist, died. He is known almost exclusively by his pen name Storm P.

1949        France banned children’s books and comic strips from presenting cowardice in a “favorable light," on pain of up to a year in prison for errant publishers.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.81)

1950        Feb 15, Walt Disney's animated "Cinderella" was released.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0042332/)(WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)

1950        Aug 14, Gary Larson, cartoonist (Far Side), was born.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1950        Sep 4, The Beetle Bailey cartoon appeared for the 1st time in syndication. Beatle Bailey, the laziest private in the army, was created by Mort Walker.
    (USAT, 8/31/00, p.1D)(SFC, 6/18/96, p.B2)

1950        Sep 5, Cathy Guisewite, cartoonist and creator of the “Cathy" cartoon strip, was born in Dayton, Ohio. In 2010 Guisewite said her cartoon strip, begun in 1976, would end on Oct 3.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathy_Guisewite)(SFC, 8/12/10, p.A12)

1950        Oct 2, The comic strip "Peanuts," created by Charles M. Schulz (28), was syndicated to seven newspapers as "Li'l Folks." It started with only four characters: Charlie Brown, Peppermint Patty (Reichardt), Shermy and the world's most famous beagle, Snoopy. Schulz announced his retirement in 1999 with the last Peanuts to appear Feb 13, 2000.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.C1)(SFC, 12/15/99, p.E1)(AP, 10/2/08)

1950        Oct, Hank Ketcham began his cartoon strip "Dennis the Menace."
    (SFC, 9/20/97, p.E1)(SFC, 12/15/99, p.E1)

1950        Charles Preston conceived the "Pepper and Salt" cartoon for the Wall Street Journal.
    (WSJ, 11/2/99, p.A24)

1951        Mar 12, "Dennis the Menace," created by cartoonist Hank Ketcham, made its syndicated debut in 16 newspapers.
    (AP, 3/12/01)

1951        Jul 26, Alice in Wonderland, an American animated film produced by Walt Disney, was released in New York City and London by RKO Radio Pictures. It was based primarily on Lewis Carroll's “Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" with a few additional elements from “Through the Looking-Glass."

1952        Aug, Mad Magazine, cover dated for October, came out with its first issue. It was co-founded by Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder.
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 3/3/99, Z1 p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mad_(magazine))

1952        Charles M. Schulz copyrighted his Lucy character in the Peanuts cartoon strip.
    (SFC, 10/22/08, p.G3)

1952        Osamu Tezuka, Japanese cartoonist, dreamed up Astro Boy and put his b-day at April 7, 2003. His features soon defined the Japanese style called anime. In 1963 Astro Boy was imported to the US and 10-min. episodes ran until 1967.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.C4)(WSJ, 1/15/04, p.B1)

1953        John Werthan authored "Seduction of the Innocent," which linked comic books to juvenile delinquency. This led to the creation of the Comics Code Authority. EC Comics withdrew "Tales From the crypt" and many other titles.
    (SFC, 1/21/04, p.D2)

1953        Speedy Gonzalez, a cartoon mouse with a Mexican accent, debuted in the US.
    (AP, 6/30/05)

1954        May 2, Walt Disney and associates announced plans to build a $9 million Disneyland on a 160-acre tract, once part of the Rancho San Juan Cajon de Santa Ana, in Orange County.
    (SFC, 4/30/04, p.F5)

1954        Dec 23, Safeway stores in the Bay Area announced they will stop welling comic books and pocket-size books due to their emphasis on horror, crime and sex.
    (SFC, 12/24/04, p.F2)

1955        Mar 1, The SF Chronicle reported that a Univ. of California survey found that Americans spend more money on comic books that all the country’s elementary schools and high schools spend on textbooks.
    (SFC, 2/25/05, p.F4)

1955        Jun, The Detroit centered 12 O’Clock Comics with Soupy Sales went national on the ABC network for 8-weeks.
    (DFP, 7/28/96, p.F8)

1955        New York Gov. Averell Harriman signed legislation that prohibited the distribution of lurid comics, banned their sale to people under the age of 18 and banned such words as “crime," “terror," “horror," and “sex" from comic book titles. In 2008 David Hajdu authored “The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic Book Scare and How it Changed America."
    (WSJ, 3/14/08, p.W2)

1956        Jan 13, Lyonel Feininger (b.1871), American-German painter, died. His work included the woodcut "Kreuzende Segelschiffe" (1919) and the pen and ink wash "Three Ghosts" (1953). A catalog of his prints was made by Leona Prasse (1897-1984), late curator of prints at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Feininger published comics for the Chicago Tribune from 1906-1907.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyonel_Feininger)(HT, 5/97, p.60)(WSJ, 1/10/06, p.D10)

1956        May 20, Max Beerbohm, caricaturist, writer (Yet Again), died.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1956        Julius Schwartz (d.2004), Gardner Fox and Carmine Infantino revived the Flash, mothballed since 1949, for DC Comics.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.A28)

1956        DC Comics introduced Batwoman with the alter ego Kathy Kane. The character was killed off in 1979. In 2006 DC Comics revived Batwoman as a lesbian.
    (SFC, 6/1/06, p.A2)

1957        Feb 5, Joseph Benson Hardaway (b.1895), animation director and voice actor, died. Nicknamed "Bugs," he was instrumental in naming the character "Bugs Bunny" when, while working on the film short "Hare-um, Scare-um," an animator handed him a model sheet of the rabbit character.

1957        Mr. Magoo, a near-sighted cartoon character, won his 2nd academy award.
    (WSJ, 7/31/97, p.A1)

1957        MGM closed its cartoon studio in a panic over diminishing audiences due to television. William Hanna and Joe Barbera (1911-2006) formed their own company and began making cartoons for TV. The Hanna-Barbera TV cartoon program "Ruff & Reddy" began.
    (SFC, 6/3/97, p.B4)(WSJ, 12/21/06, p.D8)

1957        Terrytoons produced the "Tom Terrific" cartoons series until 1959. Lionel Wilson (d.2003 at 79) was the voice. It ran on Captain Kangaroo.
    (SFC, 5/31/03, p.A20)

1958        Feb 17, The comic strip "B.C.", created by Johnny Hart (1931-2007), 1st appeared.

1958        Pierre Culliford (Peyo), Belgian cartoonist, created the gnomelike Smurfs for publisher Charles Dupuis (d.2002 at 84). Hanna-Barbera turned it into a US cartoon program in 1981.
    (SFC, 12/3/02, p.A24)

1959        Albert Uderzo and René Goscinny introduced their comic characters Asterix and Obelix in the magazine Pilote. A book followed in 1961. Comic books in France are known as bandes dessinees (BD).
    (Hem., 4/97, p.103)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.72)

1960        May 25, Benoît van Innis, Belgian cartoonist, painter, (New York Post), was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1960        Sep 30, The Flintstones, a cartoon about the domestic life of a stoneage family premiered on TV. It was the 1st prime time animation show and continued in prime time to 1987.
    (MC, 9/30/01)(SFC, 7/27/05, p.G2)

1960        The magazine Hara-Kiri was founded as a monthly French version of Mad.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.76)

1961        Phil Frank began a daily cartoon for the State News, the student newspaper of Michigan State Univ.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.E2)

1962        Cartoonist Charles Shultz (b.1922) authored “Happiness Is a Warm Puppy."
    (SSFC, 11/25/12, DB p.46)

1963        Mar, Spider-Man was introduced by Marvel Comics with 700 copies. It was written by Stan Lee and drawn by Steve Ditko. Their character was first introduced in 1962.
    (SFC, 7/8/04, p.B9)(SFC, 2/15/14, p.E4)

1963        Dan O'Neill presented his Odd Bodkins cartoon strip in the San Francisco Chronicle.
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M2)

1965        Morrie Turner (1923-2014) unveiled his “Wee Palls" (1965) cartoon strip. He was the first African American cartoonist to draw a nationally syndicated strip exploring racial themes during the peak of the civil rights movement and beyond.
    (SFC, 1/29/14, p.E1)

1966        Dec 15, Walt Disney (b.1901), movie producer, actor and director, died in Los Angeles. In 1998 a CD-ROM was produced titled: “Walt Disney: An Intimate History of the Man and His magic." In 2006 Neal Gabler authored “Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination."
    (AP, 12/15/97)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.E1)(WSJ, 11/3/06, p.W6)

1968        Jul 17, Beatle's animated film "Yellow Submarine" premiered in London. The US premiere was on November 13.

1968        Sep 14, Al Frueh (b.1880), American caricature artist (New Yorker magazine), died.
    (WSJ, 8/21/01, p.A17)(www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/221010/Al-Frueh)

1968        Gary Arlington (29) founded America’s first comics store on 23rd St. in San Francisco’s Mission district. The comics sold for 12 cents. Arlington (d.2014) closed his store in 2003 after 35 years in business.
    (SFC, 1/22/14, p.E3)

1969        Sep, Marvel Comics introduced Falcon, the first African-American superhero, in an issue of its Captain America comics. In 2014 Sam “The Falcon" Wilson took over as the new patriotic avenger Captain America.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falcon_(comics))(SFC, 7/18/14, p.D4)

1970        Apr 15, Last Gasp’s first publication, Slow Death Funnies #1, came out for the first “Earth Day" (see April 22). Ron Turner founded Last Gasp, a San Francisco publisher of underground comics and graphic novels.
    (SFC, 3/27/10, p.E1)(http://tinyurl.com/ye78lv9)

1970        Dec 7, Rube Goldberg (87), US cartoonist (Mike & Ike, Pulitzer 1948), died.

1970        Dec 11, Walt Disney's "Aristocats" was released.

1971        Bill Mauldin (1921-2003), American soldier cartoonist, authored “The Brass Ring," his story of the Stars and Stripes newspaper during WWII. Mauldin had created the cartoon soldiers Willie and Joe.
    (WSJ, 9/29/07, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Mauldin)

1971        Disney Corp. filed suit against the Air Pirates, underground cartoonists led, more or less, by Dan O'Neill. 2 issues of Air Pirates Funnies had appeared under the imprint of Hell Comics, a front for Last Gasp. In 2004 Bob Levin authored "The Pirates and the Mouse: Disney's War Against the Underground."
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M2)

1972        Sep 11, Max Fleischer (b.1889), Viennese-born cartoonist, died in California. In the 1930s he introduced the character of 'Betty Boop' in the "Dizzy Dishes" cartoons which brought him great fame.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A22)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?GRid=7323557&page=gr)

1973        Oct 18, Walt Kelly (b.1913), US comic strip artist, died. He was notable for his comic strip Pogo featuring characters that inhabited a portion of the Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia.

1974        Mort Walker, creator of the Beetle Bailey cartoon character, opened the National Cartoon Museum in Greenwich, Conn. The museum moved a few times before closing in 2002. In 2008 Ohio State Univ. received the collection and planned to make it available for all to see.
    (WSJ, 7/16/08, p.A14)

1975        Jun 16, The cartoon “Travels With Farley" by Phil Frank (1943-2007) launched in 50 newspapers.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.E2)

1976        Feb 6, Vince Guaraldi (b.1928), jazz pianist, died in Menlo Park, Ca. He wrote "Cast Your Fate to the Wind" and composed for the Charley Schulz "Peanuts" cartoon specials.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, DB p.44)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0345279/)

1976        Nov 22, Comic strip "Cathy," by Cathy Guisewhite, made its debut.

1977        Jan 6, William Gropper (b.1897), painter and political cartoonist, died. He worked for the radical publications "The Masses" and "Art Front."
    (SFC, 2/5/97, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Gropper)

1977        Apr 21, The musical play "Annie" opened on Broadway, the 1st of 2,377 performances. Laurie Beechman (d.1998) made her debut in the show based on the “Little Orphan Annie" comic strip. Beechman later played Grizabella for 5 years in “Cats."
    (SFC, 3/10/98, p.A17)(AP, 4/21/08)

1977        Nov 13, The comic strip "Li'l Abner" appeared in newspapers for the last time as creator Al Capp (1909-1979) retired. He had started the strip 1934.
    (AP, 11/13/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li'l_Abner)

1977        The animated film “Tubby the Tuba" was produced by Pixar.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.107)

1978        Jun 19, America's favorite lasagna-loving cat, Garfield, created by Jim Davis, first appeared in newspapers as a comic strip.

1978        Will Eisner (1917-2005) published “A Contract With God," the 1st serious book-length comic to describe itself as a graphic novel.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.86)(WSJ, 1/10/06, p.D10)

1978        Charles M. Schulz memorialized Christo's work with Snoopy pondering what the Bulgarian artist would do next. In 2003 Christo created his "Wrapped Snoopy House."
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A15)

1979        Nov 5, Al Capp (b.1909), US cartoonist, died. He is best known or his Li'l Abner comic strip.

1979        Dec 23, SF cartoonist Marty Links retired her comic strip, Bobby Sox, saying there was no place for her characters in the modern cartoon world.
    (SFC, 12/24/04, p.F2)

1979        John Saunders (d.2003 at 79) took over writing the "Mary Worth" comic strip soap opera from his father, Allen Saunders.
    (SFC, 11/18/03, p.A24)

1983        Haim Saban (b.1944) founded Saban Entertainment with the rights to a handful of Schlocky Japanese cartoons. The company recycled foreign shows for kids and dubbed them into English. "Power Rangers Turbo," and "Ninja Turtles: The Next Generation" were some of its later programming.
    (WSJ, 10/1/97, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haim_Saban)

1983        Kenshi Hirokane created his Mr Shima, a salaryman manga (cartoon) character. By 2008 some 30 million Shima Kosaku books had been sold.
    (Econ, 8/9/08, p.65)

1984        Oct 1, Gary Trudeau's Doonesbury comic strip resumed after a 2-year hiatus.

1985        Feb 19, Mickey Mouse was welcomed in China.

1985        Feb 20, Clarence Nash (80), voice of Donald Duck, died of leukemia, in Calif.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1985        Mar 2, The Gordo cartoon strip, one of the first in the US to celebrate Mexican culture, ended. Gus Arriola (1917-2008) had begun the strip in 1941.
    (SSFC, 2/3/08, p.B1)

1985        Nov 18, Bill Watterson’s comic strip Calvin and Hobbes began a 10-year run that ended Dec 31, 1995. In 2005 Watterson published his 3-volume set: The complete Calvin and Hobbes."
    (SSFC, 10/16/05, p.M1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvin_and_Hobbes)

1985        Mark Gruenwald (d.1996), the editor of Marvel Comics issued a 12-comic series, “Squadron Supreme," as an homage parody to DC Books Justice League of America featuring Superman and Wonder Woman. The squadron included the superheroes Zarda and Nuke.
    (SFC, 8/29/97, p.A15)

1986        Art Spiegelman published the 1st volume of “Maus," a collection of black and white drawings with text that told the story of his father’s survival in the holocaust. Vol 2 came out in 1991.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.86)
1986        DC Comics published its 4-issue Dark Knight miniseries. The cover was drawn by writer-artist Frank Miller. In 2013 the original cover art  went up for auction with bids expected over $500,000.
    (SFC, 7/6/13, p.A10)

1987        The animated film “The Chipmunk Adventure" was produced. It was based on the cartoon characters created by Ross Bagdasarian.
    (SSFC, 5/21/06, Par p.2)

1988        May 3, Milton A. Caniff (b.1907), US cartoonist (Terry & the Pirates), died.

1988        May 18, Daws Butler (b.1916), cartoon voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), died.

1988        Jun 21, The Roger Rabbit cartoon character debuted in the film "Who Framed Roger Rabbit?"

1988        The animated film “Tin Toy," produced by Pixar, won an Oscar.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.107)

1989        Jul 10, Mel Blanc (81), the "man of a thousand voices," including such cartoon characters as Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester and Tweety, Tazmanian Devil, Wile E. Coyote and Roadrunner, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/10/99)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A19)

1989        Dec 17, The cartoon series “The Simpsons" premiered on Fox TV.

1990        Oct 7, Grim Natwick (b.1890), American animator and film director, died. He created Betty Boop in 1930.
    (WSJ, 12/21/06, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grim_Natwick)

1991        The French satirical magazine La Grosse Berthe was launched.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.76)

1992        Mar 4, Arthur Babbitt (84), Disney animator (Mr. Magoo, Goofy), died of heart failure.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1992        Mar 17, Grace Stafford Lantz (87), cartoon voice (Woody Woodpecker), died.

1992        The Turner Broadcasting System launched US cable TV’s Cartoon Network.
    (SFC, 12/19/06, p.B5)

1994        Feb 6, Jack Kirby (76), cartoonist (X-Men, Spiderman, Hulk), died.

1994        Mar 22, Walter Lantz, "Woody Woodpecker" creator, died in Burbank, Calif., at age 93.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1994        Jun 11, Jack Hannah (90), animator (The Flintstones), died.

1994        Jun 15, Disney's "Lion King," opened in theaters.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1994        Raymond Scott, composer born as Harry Warnow in Brooklyn, died. He mixed jazz, classical and klezmer sounds as backdrop for cartoons in the 1930s. In 1991 the compilation CD "The Music of Raymond Scott: Reckless Nights and Turkish Twilights" was produced.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.E3)

1995        Jan 1, Gary Larson's "Far Side" cartoon panel ended a 14-year run.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, BR p.17)

1995        Dec 31, Cartoonist Bill Watterson ended his "Calvin & Hobbes" comic strip.

c1995        A Japanese weekly comic book featured the story "Initial D," which focused on a drifter named Takumi, who honed his (car) sliding skills on early morning runs delivering tofu to a resort hotel in the mountains.
    (WSJ, 9/18/03, p.A10)
1995        Yukinobu Hoshino (b.1954), Japanese manga artist, introduced a comic strip called “The Case Records of Professor Munakata," an “authority on the study of folklore, who reveals the invisible historical facts hidden behind the myths."
    (Econ, 8/28/10, p.75)(www.mangaupdates.com/series.html?id=25688)

1996        Apr 12, The artwork of Masamune Shirow was featured in the Japanese animation epic "Ghost in the Shell." It was set in a futuristic Tokyo of 2029.
    (SFC, 4/12/96, p.D-3)

1996        Stuart Levy founded Tokyopop. It became the largest publisher of English-language manga in the world. The serialized stories were illustrated in the same Japanese artistic tradition that produced anime.
    (SFC, 1/6/06, p.E1)

1997        Feb 9, Fox cartoon series "Simpsons" aired its 167th episode, the longest running animated series in cartoon history.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1997        May 22, The US Postal Service released a Bugs Bunny commemorative stamp, the first animated character on a US stamp.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.A3)

1997        Jul 10, RJR Nabisco Holdings said it would phase out the Joe Camel cartoon character used for advertising their cigarettes.
    (WSJ, 7/11/97, p.B1)

1999        Feb 23, The Disney film "Mulan" premiered in China. Only 10 foreign films per year were allowed into China so as to protect its own industry.
    (SFC, 2/24/99, p.E3)

1999        May 10, Cartoonist, playwright and songwriter Shel Silverstein was found dead in his Key West, Florida, apartment; he was 66.
    (AP, 5/10/00)

1999        May 12, Saul Steinberg (b.1914), Romania-born cartoon artist, died in NYC. In 2002 a series of tape-recorded conversations with Aldo Buzzi, translated by John Shepley, was published. In 2012 Deirdre Bair authored “Saul Steinberg: A Biography."
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.M6)(www.britannica.com/eb/article-9069548/Saul-Steinberg)(SSFC, 12/16/12, p.E3)

1999        Jul, SpongeBob SquarePants began running as a character on TV.
    (WSJ, 10/8/02, p.A1)

2000        Feb 12, Charles Schulz (b.1922), creator of the Peanuts cartoon, died in Santa Rosa, California, at age 77. His final cartoon was scheduled to run in the Feb 13 Sunday newspapers. In 2007 David Michaelis authored “Schulz and Peanuts: A Biography."
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/12/01)(WSJ, 10/12/07, p.W5)

2000        Feb 13, Charles Schulz’s final "Peanuts" strip ran in Sunday newspapers, the day after the cartoonist died in his sleep at his California home at age 77.
    (AP, 2/13/01)

2000        Jun 8, Jeff MacNally (52), Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist, died in Baltimore, Maryland.
    (AP, 6/8/01)

2000        Julius Schwartz (d.2004 at 88), comic book editor, authored his biography "Man of Two Worlds: My Life in Science Fiction and the Comics." He co-wrote it with Brian M. Thomsen.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.A28)

2001        Mar 22, William Hanna (b.1910), animation pioneer, died in Los Angeles. Cartoon characters that he helped create included Fred Flintstone, Quick Draw McGraw, Yogi Bear, Papa Smurf, as well as Tom and Jerry.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D7)(AP, 3/22/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.107)

2001        Jun 1, Hank Ketcham (b.1920), the creator of the "Dennis the Menace" cartoon, died in Pebble Beach at age 81.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)

2001        Oct 7, Herbert L. Block (b.1909), Washington Post cartoonist, died at age 91. He authored "Herblock: A Cartoonist’s Life" in 1993.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A20)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)

2001        Syria’s first satirical newspaper was founded by cartoonist Ali Farzat. It was shut down by the regime in 2003 after 104 issues.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.131)

2002        Feb 22, Chuck Jones, cartoon animator, died at age 89. His work included Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and Road Runner. His books included “Chuck Amuck" (1989).
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A2)(SFC, 2/27/02, p.D2)(WSJ, 3/1/02, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/12/05, p.P14)

2002        May 16, David Berg (81), Mad magazine artist, died. He began his "The Lighter Side of" comic strips for Mad Magazine in 1961 and continued for 365 subsequent issues. He also wrote and drew 17 Mad books along with "My Friend God and "Roger Kaputnik and God."
    (SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)

2002        Jul 8, Ward Kimball (99), Disney animator, died. He was known as one of Disney’s "Nine Old Men," the top group of early animators.
    (SFC, 7/13/02, p.A19)

2002        Sep, The Charles M. Schultz Museum and Research Center opened in Santa Rosa.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.C1)

2002        Larry Gonick authored "The Cartoon History of the Universe III: From the Rise of Arabia to the Renaissance."
    (SSFC, 11/30/02, p.M4)

2002        Brian Walker authored "The Comics Since 1945."
    (SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M4)

2002-2005    North Korean animators produced parts of a South Korean cartoon show featuring Pororo, a purple, handbag-carrying penguin.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.63)

2003        Jan 20, Al Hirschfield (b.1903), caricaturist of Hollywood stars, died in NYC.
    (SFC, 1/21/03, p.A2)

2003        Jan 22, Bill Maudlin (b.1921), WW-II era cartoonist, died in Newport Beach, Ca. In 1945 he won a Pulitzer Prize for his war cartoons and authored "Up Front," a collection of cartoons and an essay on war. A 2nd Pulitzer followed in 1958. He was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame on May 19, 1991. In 2008 Todd DePastino authored “Bill Maudlin: A Life Up Front." On March 31, 2010, the US Post Office released a first-class denomination ($.44) postage stamp in Mauldin's honor depicting him with WWII characters Willie & Joe.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A2)(WS, 2/22/08, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Mauldin)

2003        Jul 20, William Woolfolk (86), writer for cartoon characters like Batman and Captain Marvel, died. He coined one of Captain Marvel's signature lines: "Holy Moley," and authored the 1968 bestseller "The Beautiful Couple."
    (SFC, 8/11/03, p.A16)

2003        Sep 6, Jules Engel (94), animator, died in Ca. He worked on the Disney films "Fantasia" and "Bambi" and helped found 2 studios that produced Mr. Magoo and helped give life to Alvin and the Chipmunks.
    (SFC, 9/16/03, p.A23)

2003        Oct 3, William Steig (95), an illustrator for The New Yorker who was known as the "King of Cartoons" for his award-winning, best-selling children's books including "Shrek," died.
    (AP, 10/4/03)

2004        Nov 13, Harry Lampert (88), the illustrator who created the DC Comics superhero 'The Flash' (1940) and later became known for his instructional books on bridge, died.
    (AP, 11/14/04)(SFC, 11/17/04, p.B8)

2003        US sales of Japanese manga comics reached $100 million.
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, p.F5)

2005        Jan 3, Will Eisner (b.1917), comic book pioneer, died in Fla. In 1978 he wrote and drew his graphic novel “A Contract With God." It was the 1st of a trilogy that included “A Life Force" (1983) and “Dropsie Avenue" (1995).
    (SFC, 1/4/05, p.A2)(Econ, 1/15/05, p.81)(SSFC, 12/25/05, p.M3)

2005        Jan 15, Dan Lee (35), Pixar animator, died in Berkeley, Ca. His work included the design of Nemo in Pixar’s animated film “Finding Nemo."
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.B7)

2005        Apr 5, Dale Messick (b.1906), creator of the Brenda Starr cartoon series, died. The strip began in 1940 in Long Island.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.B7)

2005        May 6, Joe Grant (96), pioneering Disney artist/storyman, died. He was co-story director on "Fantasia," co-writer of "Dumbo" and designer of the witch/queen character in "Snow White." Grant remained vital and active at Disney feature animation until his death.

2005        May 19, Henry Corden (85), the voice of cartoon character Fred Flintstone, died in Ca.
    (SFC, 5/23/05, p.B4)

2005        Jun 29, Mexico released a series of five stamps depicting a child character from a comic book started in the 1940s that is still published in Mexico. The stamps depicted an exaggerated black cartoon character known as Memin Pinguin.
    (AP, 6/30/05)

2005        Sep 30, The Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. Death threats against the artists soon followed with protest strikes in Kashmir, condemnation from Muslim leaders worldwide and even criticism from the UN. The paper refused to apologize for publishing the drawings, citing freedom of speech, a right cherished in this northern European country of 5.4 million, that also refused to prosecute an artist who depicted a crucified Jesus Christ with an erection. Kurt Westergaard created one of the cartoons, which featured the Prophet Muhammad with a bomb in his turban. In 2008 Westergaard offered to sell the cartoon. In 2009 Jytte Klausen authored “The Cartoons That Shook the World."
    (AP, 12/9/05)(WSJ, 2/29/08, p.A1)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.97)

2005        Richard Branson agreed to an investment in a Bangalore studio with a focus on Indian religion and mythology. His Virgin Comics LLC followed soon thereafter.
    (WSJ, 1/2/07, p.B4)
2005        Dr. Naif Al-Mutawa, a Columbia-educated Kuwaiti psychologist, began creating a comic book series called The 99. It was designed to give Muslim kids superheroes they could identify with as opposed to western icons.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.E1)(www.emel.com/article?id=90&a_id=2351)

2006        Feb 4, Rage against caricatures of Islam's revered prophet poured out across the Muslim world. Aggrieved believers in Syria called for executions, stormed, European buildings and torched the Danish and Norwegian embassies in Damascus. In Gaza Palestinians marched through the streets, storming European buildings and burning German and Danish flags.
    (AP, 2/4/06)(AP, 2/4/07)

2006        Feb 17, In Benghazi, Libya, 11 people were killed or wounded during a riot at the Italian consulate when police firing bullets and tear gas tried to contain more than 1,000 demonstrators hurling rocks and bottles. The Libyans were angry over caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AFP, 2/18/06)(Econ, 3/26/11, p.32)

2006        May 23, Iran’s government closed one of the country's top three newspapers, detaining its editor and cartoonist, Mana Neyestani, for publishing a caricature that caused members of Iran's Azeri minority to riot in protest. Amnesty International said in a report in 2007 that 19 people were reported killed in the unrest and hundreds arrested. Neyestani was released from jail after 3 months and fled the country with his wife. In 2012 he published his autobiographical comic book "An Iranian Metamorphosis," a Kafkaesque story recounting his 2006 jailing.
            (AP, 5/23/06)(AFP, 2/10/12)

2006        Jul, DC Comics re-introduced Batwoman (1956-1979), alter ego Kathy Kane, as a lesbian.
    (SFC, 6/1/06, p.A2)

2006        Aug 28, Ed Benedict (94), legendary animator, died in Auburn, Ca. He put life, love and laughter in TV cartoon characters like Fred Flintstone (1960), Huckleberry Hound and Yogi Bear.
    (AP, 10/10/06)(SFC, 10/13/06, p.B9)

2006        Dec 9, Martin Nodell (91), the creator of Green Lantern, the comic book superhero who uses his magical ring to help him fight crime, died in Wisconsin. The first Green Lantern appearance came in July 1940, an eight-page story in a comic book also featuring other characters. The character then got his own series, and Nodell drew it until 1947 under the name Mart Dellon. After its cancellation in 1949, the series was reborn in 1959 with a revised story line, and it has been revived several times.
    (AP, 12/12/06)

2006        Dec 18, Joseph Barbera (95), legendary Hollywood animator, died. His characters Fred and Wilma Flintstone and Scooby-Doo made generations of people laugh.
    (Reuters, 12/19/06)

2007        Jan 8, Iwao Takamoto (81), creator of the Scooby-Doo cartoon character, died in Los Angeles. He also assisted in the designs of some of the biggest animated features and television shows, including "Cinderella," "Peter Pan," "Lady and the Tramp" and "The Flintstones."
    (AP, 1/9/07)

2007        Feb 8, Joe Edwards (85), comics artist, died at his home in NY. He worked on the 1942 debut issue of Archie comics and later created the character Li'l Jinx.
    (AP, 2/14/07)

2007        Apr 7, Johnny Hart (76), creator of the B.C. comic strip (1958), died at his home in Endicott, NY. He and Brant Parker created the “Wizard of Id" strip.
    (SFC, 4/9/07, p.B3)

2007        Apr 15, Brant Parker (86), collaborator with Johnny Hart on the “Wizard of Id" (1964) cartoon strip, died in Lynchburg, Va. In 1997 Parker handed the illustration of the cartoon over to his son, Jeff Parker.
    (SFC, 4/9/07, p.B3)

2007        Jul 10, Doug Marlette (57), Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist and writer, died in a car accident near Holly Springs, Mississippi.
    (SFC, 7/11/07, p.B5)(AP, 7/10/08)

2007        Sep 9, Phil Frank (64), longtime resident of Sausalito, Ca., and creator of the Farley and Elderberries comic strips, announced his retirement. His Farley strip had run in the SF Chronicle for decades.
    (SSFC, 9/9/07, p.A1)

2007        Sep 12, Phil y (b.1943), creator of the Farley and Elderberries comic strips, died from a brain tumor in Bolinas, Ca. His Farley strip had run in the SF Chronicle for decades.
    (SFC, 9/14/07, p.A1)

2007        Sep 17, Lars Vilks, a Swedish cartoonist who depicted Islam's Prophet Muhammad with the body of a dog, said that police have taken him to a secret location and told him he cannot return home following a death threat from al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/17/07)

2007        Nov 13, Two cartoonists who depicted Spain's crown prince having sex with his wife were convicted of insulting the heir to the throne and were fined $4,370 each.
    (AP, 11/13/07)

2008        Jan 6, Martha Arguello (b.1917), the cartoonist known as Marty Links, died in San Rafael, Ca. She was the creator of the Bobby Sox and Emmy Lou cartoon strips, which ran in the SF Chronicle for over 35 years.
    (SFC, 1/9/08, p.B9)

2008        Feb 2, Gus Arriola (b.1917), cartoonist, died in Carmel, Ca. His Gordo (1941-1985) cartoon strip was one of the first in the US to celebrate Mexican culture.
    (SSFC, 2/3/08, p.B1)

2008        Feb 12, Danish police said they have arrested three people suspected of plotting to kill one of the 12 cartoonists behind the Prophet Muhammad drawings that sparked a deadly uproar in the Muslim world two years ago.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2008        Feb 10, Steve Gerber (80), the comic book writer and creator whose signature character was the alienated, cigar-chomping Howard the Duck, died in Las Vegas. Gerber, who also co-created Marvel's "Omega the Unknown" and created the 1980s animated series "Thundarr the Barbarian," suffered from pulmonary fibrosis.
    (AP, 2/15/08)

2008        Mar 19, Osama bin Laden accused Pope Benedict XVI of helping in a "new Crusade" against Islam and warned of a "severe" reaction to European publications of cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad that insulted many Muslims.
    (AP, 3/20/08)

2008        Apr 9, Venezuela forced US cartoon "The Simpsons" off its airwaves, calling the show a potentially bad influence on children, and filled its morning slot with reruns of the beach-and-bikini show "Baywatch."
    (Reuters, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 14, Ollie Johnston (b.1912), the last of Walt Disney's original team of animators, known as the Nine Old Men, died. He had worked for Disney for 43 years, drawing characters for animated Mickey Mouse short films before contributing to such classics such as "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" (1937), "Pinocchio" (1940), "Peter Pan" (1953) and "The Jungle Book" (1967).
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.109)

2008        May 15, Will Elder (b.1921), founding artist at Mad Magazine (1952), died. After Mad he established himself at Playboy where he produced the “Little Annie Fanny" cartoon.
    (WSJ, 5/17/08, p.A8)

2008        Jun 27, Michael Turner (b.1971), comic book artist, died in Santa Monica of complications related to cancer. His company, Aspen MLT, created online comic adaptations for the NBC series “Heroes" and published his own titles including Fathom.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.B5)

2008        Jul 14, David Remnick, editor of The New Yorker magazine, defended the newest satirical cover of the magazine by cartoonist Barry Blitt, which depicted Sen. Barack Obama in Muslim garb and his wife as an Afro-sporting gun packer.
    (SFC, 7/15/08, p.A10)

2008        Nov 2, Opus, a politically beleaguered penguin created by cartoonist Berkeley Breathed, appeared in the Sunday comics for the last time.
    (SFC, 10/27/08, p.E1)

2008        Nov 4, In London A sketch by Winnie the Pooh illustrator E.H. Shepard titled "Tiggers Don't Like Honey" fetched 31,200 pounds ($49,770) at auction, well above the pre-sale estimate of 15,000 to 20,000 pounds ($24,000 to $32,000).
    (AP, 11/4/08)

2008        David Hajdu authored “The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic-Book Scare and How It Changed America."
    (SFC, 9/7/08, Books p.7)

2008        In Germany the Storch Heinar (stork Heinar) cartoon character was originally hatched by members of a group that fights the far right and linked to the left-leaning Social Democratic Party, which heads Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania's state government. The bird was initially meant to combat the rise in popularity of a fashion label popular with neo-Nazis, Thor Steinar.
    (AP, 9/2/11)

2009        May 18, Wayne Allwine (62), the actor who voiced Mickey Mouse for more than 30 years, died of complications from diabetes with Russi Taylor, his wife of 20 years and the voice of Minnie Mouse, by his side. He was the third man behind Mickey's voice. The first was Disney himself, then Jimmy MacDonald, who became Allwine's mentor and passed him the reins after voicing the mouse for 30 years.
    (AP, 5/20/09)

2009        Jun 2, In Belgium a new museum, designed by architect Christian de Portzamparc, opened in Louvain-la-Neuve dedicated to Georges Remi (1907-1983), creator of the comic book hero Tintin (1929).
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.87)

2009        Aug 31, The Walt Disney Co. said it is buying Marvel Entertainment Inc. for $4 billion in cash and stock, bringing such characters as Iron Man and Spider-Man into the family of Mickey Mouse and WALL-E.
    (AP, 8/31/09)

2009        Sep 2, Dutch prosecutors said they will charge an Arab cultural group under hate speech laws for publishing a cartoon that suggests the death of 6 million Jews during World War II is a fabrication.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

2009        Sep 26, In Morocco Akhbar Al Youm published a caricature of a member of the royal family, Prince Moulay Ismail, cousin of King Mohammed VI. On Dec 29 an appeal court in Casablanca upheld a four-year suspended jail term for the chief editor of Akhbar Al Youm, Taoufiq Bouachrine, and cartoonist Khalid Gueddar.
    (AFP, 12/29/09)

2010        Jan 1, In Denmark a Somali man (29) armed with an axe and suspected of links with al Qaeda broke into the home of Kurt Westergaard (74), a Danish cartoonist, whose drawings of the Prophet Mohammad caused global Muslim outrage. The attacker, who was shot and wounded by police, was charged the next day with two counts of attempted murder. On Feb 3, 2011, the Somali man was convicted of terrorism.
    (Reuters, 1/2/10)(AP, 2/3/11)

2010        Jan 8, Art Clokey (88), American animator, died in Los Osos, Ca. His bendable creation Gumby became a pop culture phenomenon through decades of toys, revivals and satires. Gumby grew out of a student project Clokey produced at the University of Southern California in the early 1950s called "Gumbasia."
    (AP, 1/9/10)

2010        Feb 25, In Texas a copy of the 1939 comic book, Detective Comics No. 27, in which Batman makes his debut, sold at a Dallas auction for more than $1 million, breaking a record set just three days earlier by a Superman comic. A copy of the first comic book featuring Superman, a 1938 edition of Action Comics No. 1, sold on Feb 22 for $1 million.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 26, The Danish daily Politiken newspaper apologized for offending Muslims by reprinting a cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad with a bomb-shaped turban, rekindling heated debate about the limits of freedom of speech.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Mar 10, At least three Swedish newspapers published a cartoon depicting the Prophet Muhammad with the body of a dog after an alleged plot to murder Swedish artist Lars Vilks, who created it, was uncovered in Ireland. Irish police said those arrested were two Algerians, two Libyans, a Palestinian, a Croatian and an American woman married to one of the Algerian suspects. They were not identified by name. On March 13 Irish police said they had released three of the arrested Muslims and American Jamie Paulin-Ramirez (31) without charges.
    (AP, 3/10/10)(AP, 3/13/10)

2010        May 7, Bernard Schoenbaum (89), cartoonist, died at his home in Queens, NY. His work included over 300 cartoons for the New Yorker magazine.
    (SFC, 5/18/10, p.C5)

2010        May 13, Tribune Media Service in Chicago said that it will cease syndication of the Little Orphan Annie comic strip on June 13.
    (SFC, 5/14/10, p.A6)

2010        May 14, In Sweden the home of cartoonist Lars Vilks, who once drew a cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad as a dog, was hit by a suspected arson attack.
    (AP, 5/15/10)

2010        Jun 25, Malaysia banned three works of political cartoons that criticize the government, but one of the artists, Zulkifli Anwar Ulhaque (aka Zunar), said he was obligated to highlight issues other cartoonists would not.
    (AP, 6/25/10)

2010        Sep 8, German Chancellor Angela Merkel praised the bravery of illustrator Kurt Westergaard (75), a Danish cartoonist who caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, at an award ceremony honoring his achievements for freedom of speech.
    (AP, 9/9/10)

2010        Sep 20, Saudi Arabia’s Shura Council voted 62 to 56 against a memorandum of understanding on bilateral consultations with Denmark after several members expressed unhappiness over the publication of cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed in a Danish newspaper.
    (AFP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 24, A Malaysian political cartoonist said he has been arrested under the Sedition Act and his offices raided by police over his new book, "Cartoon-O-Phobia," just hours before its planned launch. Zulkifli Anwar Ulhaque, better known as Zunar, used cartoons to highlight contentious issues such as the sodomy trial of opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim and police shootings.
    (AFP, 9/24/10)

2010        Sep 30, In Denmark Flemming Rose's "The Tyranny of Silence," a book on the crisis sparked by a Danish newspaper's publication of cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed five years ago, hit stores in amid concerns over a backlash from the Muslim world.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)

2010        Oct 17, The official Vatican newspaper said that beer-swilling, doughnut-loving Homer Simpson and son Bart are Catholics, and what's more, it says that parents should not be afraid to let their children watch "the adventures of the little guys in yellow." Executive producer Al Jean  told Entertainment Weekly the next day he was in "shock and awe" at the latest assertion, adding that the Simpsons attend the "Presbylutheran" First Church of Springfield. "The Simpsons" is the longest-running prime-time TV series in the United States and is now in its 22nd season.
    (Reuters, 10/18/10)

2010        Dec 15, In Japan the city of Tokyo restricted the sale of manga comics and anime films with extreme depictions of rape, incest and other sex crimes, despite industry charges of censorship.
    (AFP, 12/15/10)

2010        Dec 29, In Denmark 4 men planning to shoot as many people as possible in a building housing the newsroom of a paper that published cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad were arrested in an operation that halted an imminent attack. The 4 were Swedish residents, a Tunisian (44), a Lebanese-born man (29), an Iraqi asylum seeker, and a 30-year-old whose national origin was not released. Police in Stockholm arrested a Swedish citizen of Tunisian origin, suspected of being linked to the plot. Denmark freed the Iraqi suspect the next day due to an apparent lack of evidence. The trial of Munir Awad, Omar Abdalla Aboelazm, Mounir Ben Mohamed Dhahri and Sabhi Ben Mohamed Zalouti opened on April 13, 2012.
    (AP, 12/29/10)(AP, 12/30/10)(AP, 4/13/12)

2010        The 942-page, 3-volume set “Gahan Wilson: Fifty Years of Playboy Cartoons by Gahan Wilson" was published.
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, Books p.F4)

2011        Aug 25, Masked gunmen dragged Ali Ferzat (60), Syria's best-known political cartoonist, from his car before dawn, beat him severely and broke both his hands as a warning to stop drawing just days after he compared Syria's president to Moammar Gadhafi.
    (AP, 8/25/11)

2011        Sep 9, In Indonesia the colorful 137-page comic "I Found the Meaning of Jihad," began appearing in bookstores authored by former al-Qaida-linked militant Nasir Abas (42).
    (AP, 9/9/11)

2011        Sep 10, Swedish police arrested four people on suspicion of preparing a terror attack and evacuated an arts center in Goteborg, Sweden's second largest city on the eve of the 9/11 anniversary. In December three of the suspects, of Somali and Iraqi origin, were charged with plotting to stab to death artist Lars Vilks for depicting the Prophet Muhammad as a dog in 2007. On Jan 20, 2012, a Swedish court acquitted three men accused of plotting to murder Vilks.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 1/20/12)

2011        Nov 8, Cartoonist Bil Keane (b.1922) died at his home in Arizona. His "Family Circus" comics entertained readers with a simple but sublime mix of humor and traditional family values for more than a half century.
    (AP, 11/9/11)

2011        Nov 30, A rare 1938 first issue of Action Comics, which first featured Superman, was auctioned online for a record $2.16 million.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)

21011        Dec 30, Ronald Searle (b.1920, British artist and satirical cartoonist, died in France. He survived the notorious Death Railway while a prisoner of war of the Japanese during World War II. He is perhaps best remembered as the creator of St Trinian's School and for his collaboration with Geoffrey Willans on the Molesworth series.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Searle)(Econ, 1/14/12, p.94)

2012        Jan 14, Egyptian telecom magnate Naguib Sawiris, a billionaire Coptic Christian who founded the liberal Free Egyptians party, faced trial for tweeting a cartoon of Mickey Mouse with a beard and Minnie Mouse in a face veil, joking that the cartoon characters would be forced to dress conservatively if Islamists took power. The trial was delayed as Sawiris failed to show.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)(AFP, 1/14/12)

2012        Jan, Morocco banned French the weekly Le Nouvel Observateur when a cover story on the Arab world included the supposed face of the Prophet Mohammed. The French weekly l'Express was also banned for publishing a 95-page dossier on Islam including a face meant to represent Mohammed's.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)

2012        Feb 18, Morocco said it has banned the distribution of the Feb 16 edition of Spain's influential El Pais, as a cartoon published by the newspaper allegedly tarnished King Mohammed VI's name. Earlier this month French weekly Le Nouvel Observateur was banned after printing an image of God.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)

2012        Mar 2, Danish prosecutors charged four people with terrorism for allegedly planning a shooting attack on a newspaper that had printed cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. The 4 men from Sweden were arrested on Dec 29, 2010.
    (AP, 12/30/10)(AP, 3/2/12)

2012        Mar 3, A Cairo court dismissed a complaint against Christian tycoon Naguib Sawaris accused of insulting Islam with a cartoon of Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse in conservative Muslim garb. Hardline Islamist lawyer and MP Mamduh Ismail said he would appeal.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)

2012        Mar 28, A Tunisian court convicted Jaber Majeri (Jabeur Mejri) and Ghazi Beji for posting images of the prophet purportedly being intimate with one of his wives. They were sentenced to 7½ years in prison and fined $800. An appeals court in June upheld the conviction. Beji had fled to Europe and was sentenced in absentia. On Feb 4, 2014, artists from a dozen countries launched an online campaign called "100 drawings for Jabeur" in support of Mejri.
    (SFC, 6/26/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/lfr52jj)(AFP, 2/4/14)

2012        Apr 29, In Zimbabwe Benias Gwenhamo Madhakasi, who works as a street vendor in South Africa, was arrested at the Beit Bridge border post on charges of insulting or undermining the authority of the president. He had cartoons on his cell phone that showed a bony-looking Robert Mugabe in the nude. On July 24 a magistrate tossed out the case.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)

2012        Mar 10, Jean Giraud (b.1938), French cartoonist aka Moebius, died overnight in Paris.
    (SFC, 3/13/12, p.C3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Giraud)

2012        Jul 6, A South African newspaper cartoon depicting President Jacob Zuma as a penis drew condemnation from the ruling ANC just weeks after furor over a painting which exposed his genitals.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)

2012        Aug 12, Joe Kubert, American comic artist and teacher, died in New Jersey. He drew figures in “Sgt. Rock," “The Haunted Tank" and Enemy Ace." In 1976 Kubert and his wife founded the Kubert School, the nation’s only accredited trade school for comic book artists.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.C4)

2012        Sep 10, In India political cartoonist Aseem Trivedi, whose drawings mock Indian government corruption, has been jailed in a sedition investigation that was widely condemned as evidence of political leaders' growing intolerance of criticism. Trivedi refused bail at a court hearing in Mumbai, saying he would remain in jail until the sedition charges against him were lifted. The court then extended his stay in police custody from one week to two.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 19, A French magazine ridiculed the Prophet Mohammad on by portraying him naked in cartoons, threatening to fuel the anger of Muslims around the world who are already incensed by a film depiction of him as a lecherous fool. A grenade exploded at a kosher grocery store in a Jewish neighborhood in the Paris suburb of Sarcelles. One person was slightly injured.
    (Reuters, 9/19/12)(AP, 10/6/12)

2012        Nov 28, Spain Rodriguez (72), Zap Comix artist and influential cartoonist, died in San Francisco after battling cancer for 6 years.
    (SFC, 11/29/12, p.C3)

2013        Apr 24, Lebanon's leading caricaturist Pierre Sadek (76), died. He was famous for his decades of work poking fun at politicians.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        Victor S. Navasky authored “The Art of Controversy: Political Cartoons and Their Enduring Power."
    (SSFC, 8/25/13, p.F4)

2014        Jan 25, Morrie Turner (b.1923), cartoonist and the creator of the “Wee Palls" (1965) cartoon strip, died in Sacramento, Ca. He was the first African American cartoonist to draw a nationally syndicated strip exploring racial themes during the peak of the civil rights movement and beyond.
    (SFC, 1/29/14, p.E1)

2014        Mar 7, Malaysia banned an Ultraman comic book because it uses the word "Allah" to describe the Japanese action hero. The Home Ministry said that the Malay-edition of "Ultraman, The Ultra Power" contained elements that can undermine public security and societal morals.
    (AP, 3/7/14)

2014        Jul 15, Comic book hero Archie Andrews died in today’s installment of Life with Archie No. 36 as he took an assassin’s bullet aimed at his gay best friend. Archie first appeared in comics in 1941.
    (SFC, 7/16/14, p.F6)

2014        Aug 24, Two New York comics dealers submitted the winning bid for a rare copy of Action Comics No. 1, the 1938 book in which Superman first appeared. They bid a record $3.2 million in an e-Bay auction.
    (SFC, 8/26/14, p.A5)

2014        Jill Lepore authored “The Secret History of Wonder Woman."
    (SSFC, 10/26/14, p.P1)

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