Timeline Wyoming

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Wyoming is the Equality State

150Mil BC-145Mil BC Most of the dinosaur fossils at Thermopolis, Wyo., were from this period. The area had a humid, tropical climate with many streams. Diplodocus, Monolophosaurus, and Camarasaur, a 60-foot-tall plant-eater, were some of the creatures found.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.T1,5)

80Mil BC    Upper Cretaceous Lance Formation in Montana, Wyoming and S. Dakota has fossils of Pachycephalosaurus (thick-headed lizards). They stood on two feet and were herbivorous. They had a dome-like development on the skull made of solid bone, most likely used in combat as a battering ram. It stood 5m and had spikes on its nose and around the back of its skull.
    (TE-JB, p.91)(Econ, 10/27/12, p.81)

c65 Million    In 1998 fossilized fragments of a tiny shrew-like mammal, Batodonoides, were reported from north-central Wyoming. It weighed as little as 1.3 grams.
    (SFC, 10/1/98, p.A2)

55Mil BC    An increase in temperature prompted a major shift in plant distribution. In 2005 scientist reported that Earth warmed 9 to 18 degrees over a 10,000 years to a warm period that lasted 80-120 thousand years. Plants in the southern US spread 1,000 miles from the gulf Coast to Wyoming, and disappeared when the climate cooled off.
    (SFC, 11/11/05, p.A7)
55Mil BC    Alligators and palm trees inhabited Wyoming during the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM).
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.82)

52Mil BC    In 2008 the fossil of a bat from this time indicated that it could fly but not navigate through echolocation. It was found in Wyoming and scientists named it Onychonycteridae finneyi, meaning clawed bat due to claws on all five fingers.
    (SFC, 2/14/08, p.A2)
52Mil BC    Fossil Lake in south-west Wyoming dated to about this time. It later become known for its millions of fossils preserved in layers of limestone and volcanic ash. In 2009 scientists believed that repeated die outs in the lake were caused by neurotoxins created by dinoflagellates.
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.99)

50Mil BC    The Fossil Butte Member of the Green River Formation in southwest Wyoming represents the sedimentary remains of an ancient lake community that dates to this time. Crocodiles inhabited Wyoming.
    (NH, 7/98, p.66)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.11)

640000BC    Volcanic eruptions in northwest Wyoming, extending to Idaho and Montana, created a caldera some 40 miles long and 30 miles wide. The surface collapsed thousands of feet into a magma pool and marked the area later known as Yellowstone. Continuing eruptions caused climactic changes around the world.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.T5)(HC, 10/10/06)

c6000BC    Remains of a probable human structure in Hells Gap were dated to this time.
    (SFC, 9/19/97, p.A3)

1830        Jul 4, William Sublette, a trapper and explorer, named Independence Rock when he celebrated his 54th birthday there.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.A3)

1836        Jul 4, Narcissa Prentiss Whitman and Eliza Hart Spaulding made a marker at South Pass Wyoming as the first European women to cross the continent.
    (SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)

1842        John C. Fremont, on a mission for the Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, scaled a 13,570 foot Wyoming peak, later named after him, and claimed it was the highest in the Rockies.
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)

1842        Gold was found near South Pass, but the prospector was killed by Indians and the location stayed secret.
    (SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)

1845        Dec 29, Texas (comprised of the present State of Texas and part of New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming) was admitted as the 28th state, with the provision that the area (389, 166 square miles) should be divided into no more than five states "of convenient size." Sam Houston insisted on maintaining control of offshore waters as a condition of joining the union. The annexation of Texas led Mexico and the US to prepare for war.
    (AP, 12/29/97)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.29)(SFC, 1/11/20, p.C2)

1848        Feb 2, US and Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Mexico ceded one-third of its territory to the US including most of Arizona, California, large portions of Colorado and Wyoming, New Mexico and all of Nevada and Utah. They agreed to the Rio Grande as the boundary between Texas and Mexico, which was awarded $15 million. 25,000 Mexicans and 12,000 Americans lost their lives in the 17-month old conflict.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.A17)(HN, 2/2/99)(SSFC, 11/28/21, p.J1)

1851        Sep 17, The Fort Laramie Treaty was signed between the US government treaty commissioners and representatives of the Cheyenne, Sioux, Arapaho, Crow, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nations. The Sioux pledged not to harass the wagon trains traveling the Oregon Trail in exchange for a $50,000 annuity. The treaty did not last long. Some 12,000 American Indians gathered at Fort Laramie for a peace council with the US. The government agreed that 12 million acres of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Indians would remain free of settlement (eastern Montana, northeastern Wyoming and western North Dakota). In 1949 Congress authorized a forced relocation to build the Garrison Dam in North Dakota. In 1986 Martin Cross won a settlement of $149.2 million for the unjust taking of reservation land. In 2004 Paul VanDevelder authored “Coyote Warrior: One Man, Three Tribes, and the Trial that Forged a Nation."
    (http://tinyurl.com/n7d26ok)(HT, 3/97, p.43)(SSFC, 8/29/04, p.M5)

1856        Oct, More than 200 Mormons died near Martin’s Cove, Wyo., as they migrated West using handcarts.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.A9)

1860        A US government expedition explored the northwest border of the Wyoming territory. Ferdinand Hayden (30) served as doctor and geologist.
    (ON, 11/02, p.1)

1866        Dec 21, Indians led by Red Cloud and Crazy Horse killed Captain William J. Fetterman and 79 other men who had ventured out from Fort Phil Kearny to cut wood. U.S. Army Captain William J. Fetterman once boasted, "Give me 80 men and I'll march through the whole Sioux nation!" When Lakota warriors under the overall leadership of Chief Red Cloud gathered around Fort Phil Kearny (in what is now Wyoming), Fetterman got command of his 80 men. Disobeying the orders of his commander, Colonel Henry B Carrington, not to proceed beyond the Lodge Trail Ridge, Fetterman pursued a band of retreating Indians--and rode right into a waiting trap, allegedly laid by the Ogallala warrior Crazy Horse. Fetterman, his executive officer and 78 troopers were wiped out.
    (HNPD, 12/21/98)(HN, 12/21/98)

1866        Dec 26, Native American’s handed the U.S. Army their worst defeat prior to Little Big Horn at the Fetterman Fight in Powder River County in the Dakota territory. [see Dec 21]
    (HN, 12/26/98)

1866        More gold was found near South Pass and a rush led to the growth of South Pass City to a population of 3,000.
    (SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)

1866-1868    When the US government tried to force the Sioux back to Fort Laramie, the Indians responded with attacks that culminated in Red Cloud’s War of this period. Red Cloud's War of 1866-'68 was waged in opposition to the development by the U.S. government of a trail through Wyoming and Montana to the Montana gold camps. The two-year war was waged between the Lakota Sioux, led by Ogallala chief Red Cloud, and the U.S. Army. On December 21, 1866, the Sioux won a major victory, wiping out the entire command of 80 men under Capt. William J. Fetterman. The war ended with the signing of the Laramie Treaty, which included the closure of the Bozeman Trail and U.S. abandonment of three forts.
    (HT, 3/97, p.43)(HNQ, 8/22/98)

1867        Jul 25, President Andrew Johnson signed an act creating the territory of Wyoming. [see Jul 25, 1868]
    (HN, 7/25/98)

1868        Apr 29, The US government and the Sioux Indians signed a treaty that ended Red Cloud’s War. The 1868 treaty at Fort Laramie (Wyoming Territory) made the Black Hills part of the Great Sioux Reservation.
    (http://tinyurl.com/me6pfxd)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.37)(AH, 6/03, p.36)

1868        Jul 25, Congress passed an act creating the Wyoming Territory. [see Jul 25, 1867]
    (AP, 7/25/97)

1869        May 24, John Wesley Powell departed Green River City, Wyoming, with 9 men on an expedition to explore the canyons of the Green and Colorado River. Over 3 years he led two expeditions to explore the Grand Canyon. Three members of the first expedition were killed, reportedly by Indians. His written account was suspected to be inflated if not fictitious. A 1997 novel by Oakley Hall, “Separations," depicted the events.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.127)(SFC, 4/23/97, p.D5)(ON, 5/02, p.1)

1869        Dec 10, Governor John Campbell signed a bill that granted women in the Wyoming Territory the right to vote as well as hold public office. Esther Morris had pressed state senator William Bright to sponsor the suffrage bill. Wyoming became the 1st US state to enfranchise women.
    (AP, 12/10/97)(HN, 12/10/98)(USAW, 5/19/02, p.8)

1870        Jan 19, Nathaniel Langford, agent of the Northern Pacific Railroad Co., presented a lecture in Wash. DC on the challenges of building a RR through the northern Rockies and reported that Yellowstone Valley contained dozens of geysers. This prodded Ferdinand Hayden to seek Congressional support for a scientific expedition to the valley.
    (ON, 11/02, p.2)

1870        Aug 17, Esther Morris was named a justice of the peace in South Pass City, the first woman to hold public office in the US.
    (SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)(SC, 8/17/02)

1871        Jul 26, Ferdinand Hayden (1830-1887) and his government sponsored team arrived at the Yellowstone Lake and the geyser fields.
    (ON, 11/02, p.3)

1872        Mar 1, President Ulysses S. Grant signed a measure creating Yellowstone National Park (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming). The act of Congress creating Yellowstone National Park was based on a report from an expedition led by Ferdinand Hayden. The 2.2 million-acre preserve was the first step in a national park system. Nathaniel Pitt Langford (39) was appointed the 1st Superintendent.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.2)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(ON, 11/02, p.4)(PCh, 1992, p.526)(AP, 3/1/08)

1872        Jun 4, Kentucky conmen Philip Arnold (40) and John Slack took a party of San Francisco investors, including Asbury Harpending, to a site in Wyoming where diamonds and other precious stones were salted about. The con job took in hundreds of thousands of dollars before geologist Clarence King (30) identified the Wyoming site as a scam.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.D2)

1874        Jul 2, Colonel Custer departed from Fort Abraham Lincoln with some 1,000 soldiers and 70 Indian scouts on a 1200 mile expedition to chart the Black Hills of eastern Wyoming western South Dakota, land which belonged to the Sioux. The expedition returned on August 30.
    (AH, 6/03, p.37)

1877-1880    Arthur Lakes, geologist, filled field journals with eyewitness reports on the early days of vertebrate paleontology in Wyoming. In 1997 Michael F. Kohl and John S. McIntosh edited his work in the book: “Discovering Dinosaurs in the Old West."
    (NH, 6/97, p.12)

1878        Cheyenne Indians fled to the Powder River home in Wyoming. The Howard Fast novel “Freedom Road" (1941) told their story.
    (SFC, 3/13/03, p.A21)

1885        Sep 2, In Rock Springs, Wyoming Territory, 28 Chinese laborers were killed and hundreds more chased out of town by striking coal miners.
    (HN, 9/2/98)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)

1889        Feb 4, Harry Longabaugh was released from Sundance Prison in Wyoming, thereby acquiring the famous nickname, “the Sundance Kid."
    (HN, 2/4/99)

1890        Jul 10, Wyoming became the 44th state.
    (AP internet 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)

1896        Cody, Wyoming, was founded. It was named after William "Buffalo Bill" Cody in the hopes that his reputation would bring settlers. Cody guards the eastern gate to Yellowstone, the country’s first official national park, accessed through the Wapiti Valley of the Shoshone National Forest, the first such forest. Buffalo Bill guided hunting parties, and even Yale paleontologist O.C. Marsh, through the Yellowstone and Big Horn Basin area as early as 1871. Although he played a limited role in the founding of the town that would eventually bear his name (at his suggestion), he contributed much to its development.
    (HNQ, 5/19/01)

1896        The US Army took over the operation of Yellowstone National Park.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.T5)

1897        Sep 23, The 1st frontier days rodeo celebration in Cheyenne, Wyoming, was held. By 1998 it had become the world’s largest outdoor rodeo.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.T3)(MC, 9/23/01)

1901        Jul 18, Willie Nickell, 14, was murdered. In 1903 42-year-old hired gunman Tom Horn, a one-time scout in the Indian wars, was hanged for the murder.
(HNQ, 11/8/01)

1902        Apr 14, James Cash Penney (J.C. Penney) opened his first Golden Rule Store for clothes, shoes and dry goods in Kemmerer, Wyoming. It grew to a chain and was renamed J.C. Penney in 1913. By 1929 there were 1,395 stores in the chain.
    (www.jcpenney.net/company/history/milestn/milestn.htm)(AP, 4/14/97)

1903        Nov 20, In Cheyenne, Wyoming, 42-year-old hired gunman and stock detective Tom Horn was hanged for the 1901 murder of Willie Nickell (14). Horn had made a controversial confession to U.S. Deputy Marshal Joseph S. LeFors that was pivotal in the conviction.
    (HN, 11/20/98)

1905-1976    The Governor’s Mansion in Cheyenne was home to the state governors over this period.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.C7)

1906        Sep 24, Devils Tower, the first US National Monument, was designated by President Theodore Roosevelt. Devils Tower is a volcanic rock formation, rising 867 feet over a base of gray igneous rock at 1,700 feet, located in the Black Hills of Wyoming.
    (SSFC, 6/18/06, p.G5)(www.nps.gov/deto/)

1912        Jan 28, Jackson Pollock (d.1956), "Jack the Dripper", expressionist painter (Lavender Mist), was born in Cody, Wyoming. Leader of the abstract expressionist school of art. He filled two sketchbooks between 1937-1939 and another from 1938-1941.
    (AHD, 1971, p.1015)(WSJ, 11/5/97, p.A20)

1912        The 25,000 acre National Elk Refuge was established outside of Jackson Hole, Wyoming.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.C7)

1916        Apr 21, Bill Carlisle, the infamous ‘last train robber,’ robbed a train in Hanna, Wyoming.
    (HN, 4/21/99)

1918        Jan 1, The first gasoline pipeline began operation with 40 miles of three inch pipe from Salt Creek to Casper, Wyoming.
    (HN, 1/1/01)

1919        Jan 16, Nebraska, Wyoming and Missouri became the 36th, 37th and 38th states to ratify Prohibition, which went into effect a year later. Prohibition became law in the US with the passage of the Volstead Act on Oct 28, which enforced and defined the 18th Amendment. It was passed over President Wilson's veto with the necessary two-thirds majority of state ratification.
    (WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A14)(AP, 1/16/98)

1919        Jul 31, Curt Gowdy (d.2006), later leading sports announcer, was born in Green River, Wyo.
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)

1922        Apr 7,  U.S. Secretary of Interior leased Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome,"  in Wyoming to Harry F. Sinclair.
    (HN, 4/7/97)(MC, 4/7/02)

1922        Apr 15, Wyoming Democratic Senator John Kendrick introduced a resolution that set in motion one of the most significant investigations in Senate history. On the previous day, the Wall Street Journal had reported an unprecedented secret arrangement in which the Secretary of the Interior, without competitive bidding, had leased the U.S. naval petroleum reserve at Wyoming's Teapot Dome to a private oil company. Wisconsin Republican Senator Robert La Follette arranged for the Senate Committee on Public Lands to investigate the matter. His suspicions deepened after someone ransacked his Russell Building office.

1922        The Colorado River Compact allocated 7.5 million acre-feet of water from the upper basin states (Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico) to be delivered to the lower basin sates (California, Arizona and Nevada) plus the rights to divert another 1 million acre-feet from the river’s lower tributaries.
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A10)(SFCM, 7/17/05, p.6)

1923        Oct 25, The Teapot Dome scandal came to public attention as Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, subcommittee chairman, revealed the findings of the past 18 months of investigation. His case would result in the conviction of Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, and later Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, the first cabinet member in American history to go to jail. The scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming, involved Fall secretly leasing naval oil reserve lands to private companies. The administration of President Warren G. Harding was rocked by the Elk Hills Scandal-also known as the Teapot Dome Scandal or Oil Reserves Scandal. In 1921 and 1922 Harding’s secretary of the interior, Albert B. Fall secretly granted Mammoth Oil exclusive rights to California’s Teapot Dome oil reserves and portions of the Elk Hills and Buena Vista Hills reserves to American Petroleum, in exchange for some $300,000. Supervision of the oil reserves had been transferred from the Navy to the Department of the Interior in 1921. Fall was imprisoned for accepting a bribe in the Elk Hills case and the Supreme court ruled Harding’s transfer illegal.
    (HN, 10/25/98)(HNQ, 4/19/99)

1924        Nov 4, Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming was elected the nation's first woman governor; she was to serve the remaining term of William B. Ross, her husband who died in office. Miriam Ferguson was elected the second women governor in Texas.
    (AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)

1925        Jan 5, Nellie Tayloe Ross (1876-1977) of Wyoming was sworn in as the first woman governor in the United States. She succeeded Frank E. Lucas, who had served as acting governor after the death of Ross' husband, William B. Ross. Ross took office as governor of Wyoming,  just 16 days before Miriam A. Ferguson became governor of Texas.
    (AP, 1/5/08)(http://wyoarchives.state.wy.us/articles/rossbio.htm)

1926        The last grey wolf disappeared from the Yellowstone region. By 1973 only a few wolves remained in northern Michigan and Minnesota. In 1995 the federal government reintroduced wolves to the greater Yellowstone region (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming) and by 2008 their population reached 1,500.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)

1927        May 18, "Slide Lake" in Gros Ventre, WY, collapsed.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1929        Feb 26, President Coolidge signed a measure establishing Grand Teton National Park In Wyoming.
    (AP, Internet, 2/26/98)(WUD, 1994, p.615)

1929          Oct 25, Former US Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall was convicted of accepting a $100,000 bribe in connection with the Elk Hills Naval Oil Reserve in California. This conviction was in addition to the one he received for accepting kickbacks in conjunction with the Wyoming Teapot Dome Scandal. Fall served under Pres. Warren Harding, but it is unclear if Harding was aware of any wrongdoing. [see Oct 25, 1923]
    (AP, 10/25/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.7)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.D9)

1933-1955    Nellie Tayloe Ross, former governor, served as the first woman director of the U.S. Mint.
    (HNQ, 4/29/02)

1937        Ruel Call opened a small filling station in Afton, Wyoming. He was one of the grandsons of Anson Vasco Call, who had 4 wives and 37 children. In the early 1960s Ruel launched his own gasoline brand, Maverik. In the mid-1960s his nephew, O. Jay Call, launched Flying J, a discount fuel retailer. In May, 2004, Kristen Call and her father Bill launched iFuel, a discount gasoline retailer that used the Internet for paying with bank transfers.
    (WSJ, 5/4/06, p.A10)

1937-1938    An infestation of Mormon crickets (Anabrus simplex) in Montana and Wyoming caused nearly $1 million in crop damage.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.A3)

1942        The Heart Mountain Relocation Center in Wyoming began to serve as an internment camp for some 10,000 Japanese Americans. It’s story was later documented by Mamoru Inouye in “The Heart Mountain Story" with photographs by Hansel Mieth and Otto Hagel.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.E4)

1943        The US Kooskia Internment Camp for people of Japanese ancestry opened in northern Idaho. It operated until the end of WWII and held more than 250 detainees. Similar camps included Manzanar in California, Heart Mountain in Wyoming and Minidoka in Idaho.
    (SFC, 7/27/13, p.A7)

1946        May 28, Madeleine Le Roux, Broadway actress (Cry Uncle), was born in Wyoming.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1946        Jul 14, Heart Mountain, Wyoming, Japanese-American draft resisters were released from McNeil Island.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A28)

1955        Oct 6, A United Airlines plane bound for SF crashed in Wyoming killing 66 people. It was the worst commercial airline crash to date in US history.
    (SFC, 9/30/05, p.F3)

1959        Richard B. Cheney, US Vice-President under George W. Bush (2001), graduated from Natrona County high School in Caspar.
    (WSJ, 6/12/01, p.A1)

1968        Oct 1, The US Congress created the Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area in Wyoming.

1971        Feb 12, James Cash Penney (b.1875), US founder of the J.C. Penney stores, died in NYC. His first store, a branch of the Colorado based Golden Rule stores (1902), was in Kemmerer, Wyoming.

1975        Jul 28, The US Dept of Interior designated the grizzly bear a threatened species in the lower 48 states under the US Endangered Species Act. Most of the bears in the lower US lived in and around Yellowstone National Park in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.
    (http://fieldguide.mt.gov/detail_AMAJB01020.aspx)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.88)

1975        The Jonah gas field was discovered in western Wyoming.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.27

1981        In Wyoming a rancher found a solitary enclave of the black-footed ferret. The prairie-dg-eating member of the weasel family had been thought to be extinct. Plans in 2013 called for boosting the ferret count to 3,000 across its 12-state historic range.
    (SFC, 12/24/13, p.A4)

1988        May, Fires were ignited in Yellowstone Nat’l. Park by lightning. The fires expanded to become the largest single fire in the US since the Peshtigo inferno of 1873. The fires lasted to Sep.
    (HFA, '96, p.71)(SFC, 6/22/98, p.A4)

1989        Mar 17, The Senate unanimously confirmed Wyoming Congressman Dick Cheney to be secretary of defense, following the failed nomination of former Sen. John Tower.
    (AP, Internet, 3/17/99)

1991        Oct 21, Steamboat Geyser erupted in Yellowstone National Park. The next eruption did not occur until 2000.
    (SFC, 5/6/00, p.B8)

1996        Apr 11, Jessica Dubroff (7) was killed with her father and flight instructor when their Cessna Cardinal 177B crashed during bad weather in Cheyenne, Wyoming. She was attempting to become the youngest person to fly across the US.
    (SFC, 4/16/96, p.A-1,11)(AP, 4/11/97)

1998        Oct 7, In Laramie, Wyo., Matthew Shepard (22), a gay student at the University of Wyoming, was found beaten, burned and tied to a wooden ranch fence. Police arrested Russel Arthur Henderson (21) and Aaron McKinney for attempted murder, kidnapping and robbery. Also picked up as accessories to the charges were Chastity Vera Pasley (20) and Kristen Leann Price (18). Shepard died Oct 12. Pasley was sentenced in 1999 to 15-24 months in jail for lying to police and destroying evidence. [See Oct 12] Henderson and McKinney were later convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A3)(SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A11)(AP, 10/7/99)

1998        Oct 12, Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, died in fort Collins, Colorado, five days after he was beaten and lashed to a fence; two men were charged with his murder. Russell Henderson later pleaded guilty to murder and kidnapping; a second suspect, Aaron McKinney, was convicted of felony murder, kidnapping and aggravated robbery. McKinney was sentenced to 2 life terms.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/99)(SFC, 11/4/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A1)

1999        Jan 3, Cindy Thompson Dixon (40) was found dead near a road about 5 miles north of Laramie. She was reported to have frozen to death after leaving a bar. She was the mother of Russell Henderson (21), who was waiting in jail for trial in the death of Matthew Shepard. Henderson pleaded guilty to murder in 1999 to avoid a trial and possible death sentence. He was sentenced to 2 consecutive life terms without eligibility for parole.
    (SFC, 1/5/99, p.A3)(SFC, 1/6/99, p.A3)(SFC, 4/6/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 3, In Laramie, Wyoming, Aaron McKinney (22) was convicted of murder in the October 6-7, 1998, beating of gay Wyoming college student Matthew Shepard (21). Shepard died on October 12, 1998, at Poudre Valley Hospital in Fort Collins, Colorado. McKinney and Russell Henderson, who pleaded guilty to kidnapping and murder, were sentenced to life in prison. McKinney had faced the possibility of being sentenced to death by lethal injection. A deal was reached after Shepard’s parents agreed to accept two life terms in prison for their son’s killer.
    (AP, 11/3/00)(www.cnn.com/US/9911/03/gay.attack.verdict.01/)

1999        Dec 27, It was reported that gas producers were scrambling for mineral rights in the Powder River Basin where local coal reserves were estimated to hold 10 trillion cubic feet of recoverable methane gas. Extraction of the gas included the release of large quantities of water.
    (WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)

2000        Dec 13, Pres. Clinton declared Wyoming a disaster area following a month of storms.
    (WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)

2000        Mark Spragg authored the essays "Where Rivers Change Direction," based on his adolescence as the son of a dude-ranch operator in Wyoming.
    (SFEC, 1/30/00, BR p.8)

2000        The Mexican Sagaste-Cruz drug ring moved in and near Wind River Reservation of Wyoming to deal methamphetamine. They started with free meth samples. The men pursued Indian women, providing them with meth even as they romanced them and fathered their children. Eventually, the women needed to support their habit, so they became dealers and used free samples to recruit new customers.
    (AP, 4/30/07)

2001        May 26, Laurence Rockefeller donated his 1,106-acre ranch to the national parks system. It was within the 310,000-acre Grand Teton National Park and would become part of the park in 2006.
    (SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A6)

2003        Mar 18, A major snowstorm hit Colorado and Wyoming with over 3-6 feet of snow. The Denver Airport closed.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/20/03, p.A1)

2004        Feb 3, Wyoming Gov. Freudenthal said he supports state term limits and that voters should be the ones to decide whether to keep it.
    (USAT, 2/4/04, p.9A)

2004        Oct 15, A federal judge struck down a 2001 Clinton-era ban on snowmobiles in Yellowstone and Grand Teton national parks.
    (SFC, 10/16/04, p.A4)

2005        Jun 27, Wal-Mart heir John T. Walton (58), crashed and died while at the controls of a homemade, experimental aircraft near Jackson Hole Airport, Wyoming. His net worth was over $18 billion. Walton supported efforts to educate low-income children.
    (AP, 6/28/05)(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A2)

2005        Aug 12, Residents of Wright, Wyoming, had just 5 minutes warning before a tornado tore into a mobile home park, killing two people and destroying dozens of homes.
    (AP, 8/13/05)

2005        Oct 18, Scientists announced that tracks of a previously unknown swimming dinosaur have been found along the shores of an ancient sea in Wyoming.

2005        Dec 20, Wyoming planned to embark on an $8.8 million, five-year cloud-seeding project that aims to bolster mountain snowpack, and possibly yield proof of whether cloud seeding actually works.
    (AP, 12/20/05)

2006        Jan 25, It was reported that Wyoming rancher Allen Cook (57), with no connection to the University of Pittsburgh, has given the school 4,700 acres of land littered with dinosaur fossils.
    (AP, 1/25/06)

2006        May 22, AP reported that the Wyoming Department of Family Services has funneled tens of thousands of dollars to a grant program administered by a private religious corporation that has funded churches, ministries and religiously oriented anti-abortion centers.
    (AP, 5/22/06)

2007        Jan 4, Pieces of a spent Russian rocket reentered the atmosphere over Colorado and Wyoming, showering parts of the western United States with space debris.
    (Reuters, 1/5/07)

2007        Feb 1, Montana sued Wyoming in the Supreme Court saying its neighbor takes more Tongue- and Powder- River water that it is entitled to.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 4, US Sen. Craig Thompson (74), 3-term Republican conservative from Wyoming, died of leukemia.
    (SFC, 6/5/07, p.A5)

2007        Jun 22, In Wyoming Republican legislator John Barrasso was named as the country’s newest US senator to replace the late Craig Thomas.
    (SFC, 6/23/07, p.A3)

2007        Jul 15, In Cheyenne, Wyoming, Robin Munis was shot in the head just after midnight Saturday as she sang with the classic rock and country group Ty and the Twisters. Police searched for David Munis (36), a National Guardsman with sniper training who they suspect shot his wife. Police located David Munis’ pickup truck the next in rural Albany County. As they closed in on the suspect and called for him to surrender, Munis shot himself in the chest. He was flown to Laramie, Wyoming, where he was pronounced dead on July 18th.
    (AP, 7/15/07)(http://tinyurl.com/6669k3)

2007        Aug 25, Wyoming Republicans decided to hold their delegate selection process on Jan 5, 2008, before both Iowa and New Hampshire.
    (SFC, 8/30/07, p.A8)

2007        Dec 23, High wind and ice coated power lines blacked out tens of thousands of people in the Midwest. The storm was blamed for at least 22 deaths. At least 8 people in Minnesota, 5 in Wisconsin, 3 each in Indiana and Wyoming and one each in Michigan, Texas and Kansas were killed in traffic accidents.
    (AP, 12/23/07)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A1)(SFC, 12/25/07, p.A11)

2008        Mar 8, Sen. Barack Obama captured the Wyoming Democratic caucuses, seizing a bit of momentum in the close, hard-fought race with rival Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton for the party's presidential nomination.
    (AP, 3/9/08)

2008        Mar 28, The grey wolf of the northern Rocky Mountains was taken off the federal protection list after reaching a population of some 1,500 in the greater Yellowstone region. Wolves were reintroduced in 1995 after disappearing from the area in 1926. On July 18 a judge restored protection for the wolves in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, derailing plans for public wolf hunts this fall. On Sep 29 a federal court overturned the Bush administration’s decision to remove gray wolves from the endangered species list in the Great lakes region.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A4)(WSJ, 9/30/08, p.A1)

2008        Oct 14, Gray wolves in the northern US Rocky Mountains returned to the endangered species list, thanks to a court victory by environmental groups over the US government [see May 28, 2008].
    (AFP, 10/14/08)

2008        Dec 29, Yellowstone National Park was jostled by a host of small earthquakes for a third straight day, and scientists watched closely to see whether the more than 250 tremors were a sign of something bigger to come.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2009        Feb 25, US Interior Sec. Ken Salazar scrapped leases, created under the Bush administration, on federal land for oil-shale development in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming.
    (AP, 2/26/09)

2009        May 4, Wolves in parts of the northern Rockies and the Great Lakes region come off the endangered species list, opening them to public hunts in some states for the first time in decades. States such as Idaho and Montana planned to resume hunting the animals this fall, but no hunting has been proposed in the Great Lakes region. About 300 wolves in Wyoming will remain on the list because the US Fish and Wildlife Service rejected the state's plan for a "predator zone" where wolves could be shot on sight. An estimated 4,000 wolves lived in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota.
    (AP, 5/4/09)

2009        Apr 27, In Japan Univ. of Wyoming professor Craig Arnold (41), an award-winning poet, was reported missing after he failed to return from a hike on the tiny island of Kuchinoerabu-jima, about 30 miles (50 km) off the coast of southern Kyushu island.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2010        Mar 3, Wyoming Gov. Dave Freudenthal signed legislation adopting an official Wyoming state code. Its “cowboy ethics" admonishments to residents included such phrases as: “ to live courageously, take pride in work, and to keep promises."
    (SFC, 3/4/10, p.A8)

2010        Jul 30, In Arizona 3 convicted murderers escaped from a private prison. Daniel Renwick (36) was caught on Aug 1. Terry Province (42) and John McCluskey (45) remained at large. On Aug 4, the burned remains of Linda and Gary Haas (61) were found in a charred camper in Santa Rosa, New Mexico. Province and McCluskey were linked to their killing as was Casslyn Welch (44), a woman who helped them escape. Province was captured on Aug 9 in Meeteetse, Wyoming.
    (SFC, 8/2/10, p.A5)(SSFC, 8/8/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A5)

2010        Oct 25, In Wyoming a single-engine plane disappeared after takeoff from the Jackson airport. The plane’s wreckage was found Nov 1. Luke Bucklin (40) of Minneapolis and his 3 sons were killed. Bucklin was co-founder of Sierra Bravo Corp., a web development company.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A6)(SFC, 11/3/10, p.A5)

2010        Nov 2, Iowa (Terry Branstad), Kansas (Sam Brownback), Maine (Paul LePage), Michigan (Rick Snyder), New Mexico (Susana Martinez), Ohio (John Kasich), Oklahoma (Mary Fallin), Pennsylvania (Tom Corbett), Tennessee (Bill Haslam), Wisconsin (Scott Walker), Wyoming (Matt Mead) all replaced the Democratic governors with Republicans. Snyder (R) defeated Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm (D) by bragging about his managerial skills.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.45)

2011        Jun 20, Wyoming became the first state to begin using a suite of cloud computing tools from Google for its entire executive branch of government, allowing data and applications to be stored on remote servers and accessed over the Internet. The system was formally unveiled on June 22 as Gov. Matt Mead cut a red data cable with scissors.
    (AP, 6/22/11)

2011        Jul 6, In Wyoming a female grizzly bear attacked and killed a man who encountered the bruin and her cubs while he was hiking with his wife in Yellowstone National Park.
    (Reuters, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 7, In Wyoming Everett E. Conant III opened fire inside a mobile home in Wheatland killing his three sons and a brother. His wife was wounded.    He surrendered without incident and was charged with first-degree murder, attempted first-degree murder, battery and a weapons violation.
    (AP, 7/9/11)

2011        Aug 29, In eastern Wyoming 3 workers were killed in an oil field explosion on a private ranch 40 miles northeast of Casper.
    (SFC, 8/31/11, p.A6)

2011        Dec 8, The US Environmental Protection Agency announced for the first time that fracking, a controversial method of improving the productivity of oil and gas wells, may be to blame for causing groundwater pollution. The EPA found that compounds likely associated with fracking chemicals had been detected in the groundwater beneath Pavillion, a small community in central Wyoming where residents say their well water reeks of chemicals.
    (AP, 12/8/11)

2012        Feb 15, In Wyoming a search and rescue helicopter crashed while attempting to rescue an injured snowmobiler. A volunteer crew member was killed.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A5)

2012        Mar 10, Rick Santorum won the Republican caucuses in Kansas picking up 33 of 40 delegates. Mitt Romney won 7 of 12 delegates in Wyoming.
    (SSFC, 3/11/12, p.A12)

2012        Apr 5, Buford, Wyoming, was purchased by Vietnamese businessman Pham Dinh Nguyen (38). He bid $900,000 for Buford, which consists of a gas station and convenience store, a 1905 schoolhouse, a cabin, a garage and a three-bedroom house on 10 acres between Cheyenne and Laramie. The town was formed as the Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860s. It was sold by Don Sammons, the self-proclaimed "mayor" who owned it for the past two decades and was its sole inhabitant.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Aug 31, The US Fish and Wildlife announced the end of protections for wolves in most of Wyoming. Protections remained in some areas such as Yellowstone National Park.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A4)

2012        Nov 30, In Caspar, Wyoming, Christopher Krumm (25) shot his father (56) in the head with a bow and arrow in front of a computer science class not long after fatally stabbing his James Krumm’s live-in girlfriend at their home a couple of miles away. After shooting his father with the arrow, Christopher Krumm stabbed himself, then fatally stabbed his father in the chest in a struggle in the classroom.
    (AP, 11/1/12)

2013        Mar 2, In Wyoming Ildiko Freitas (40) and her parents were killed by two intruders at her home in Cody. Stephen Hammer (19) and Tanner Vanpelt (18) were soon arrested and charged with murder and robbery.
    (SFC, 3/6/13, p.A5)

2013        Jun 7, Paul Cardwell, a former hospital administrator in Wyoming, was arrested in Thailand. He was accused of stealing $848,000 from Powell Valley Healthcare in 2011. He was also accused of stealing $846,000 from a hospital in Monticello, Ind., between 2003 and 2009.
    (SSFC, 6/9/13, p.A12)

2013        Oct 7, A record-breaking storm dropped 4 feet of snow in parts of South Dakota and left over 22,000 homes and businesses without electricity. Tens of thousands of cattle died in South Dakota. The storm also buried parts of Wyoming and Colorado and spawned tornadoes in Nebraska and Iowa. At least 4 people died due to the storm.
    (SFC, 10/8/13, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/13, p.A4)

2013        Dec 20, Wyoming Governor Matt Mead said his state will challenge a US government ruling that more than one million acres of the western state's land still legally belongs to two Native American tribes.
    (Reuters, 12/21/13)

2014        Nov 3, The US Air Force fired two commanders and disciplined a third for lapses and misbehavior at intercontinental ballistic missile bases in North Dakota and Wyoming.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A7)

2015        Jan 12, Darrell Winfield, the “real" Marlboro man (1968-1989) of the Philip Morris Tobacco Co., died in Riverton, Wyoming. The company began using Marlboro men in its advertising in 1954.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marlboro_Man)(Econ, 1/24/15, p.82)

2016        Jan 22, The leading US regulator for the coal industry said it suspects Wyoming officials have wrongly allowed mining companies to forego cleanup insurance.
    (Reuters, 1/23/16)

2016        Jun 9, In Wyoming 3 German motorcyclists were killed and three injured in a traffic accident outside of Yellowstone National Park. Manuel Moreno Defuentes (61) of Oregon was soon charged with misdemeanor homicide by vehicle after his pickup crashed into a group of motorcyclists.
    (AP, 6/10/16)

2016        Jun 21, A federal judge in Wyoming set aside new regulations for hydraulic fracturing on public lands that were vehemently opposed by oil and gas producers.
    (Reuters, 6/22/16)

2017        Feb, In Wyoming a new supercomputer began critical climate change research at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Cheyenne. About 70 percent of its costs came from the National Science Foundation.
    (SFC, 2/18/17, p.A11)

2017        Mar 3, A DC federal appeals court ruled that wolves in Wyoming should be stripped of Endangered Species Act protections and management given to the state rather than the US government, a decision that opens the door for hunting of the animals.
    (Reuters, 3/3/17)

2017        The US Fish and Wildlife Service lifted protections for 700 grizzly bears in and around Yellowstone National Park, located in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
    (SFC, 8/31/18, p.A9)

2018        Feb 27, Jian Cai, a former University of Wyoming professor, was ordered to leave the US and return to China within 90 days. He had pleaded guilty to possessing child pornography last November. A district judge also ordered Cai to pay $6,000 in restitution.
    (AP, 3/1/18)

2018        Jun 9, In Wyoming two people were killed when their glider crashed in Grand Teton National Park.
    (SFC, 6/11/18, p.A4)

2018        Sep 14, In Wyoming hunting guide Mark Uptain (37) and client Corey Chubon were attacked by a bear. Chubom escaped with injuries. Uptain's body was found the next day.
    (SFC, 9/17/18, p.A4)

2018        Nov 8, Raymond Plank (b.1922), co-founder of Apache Corp., died at his home in Ucross, Wyoming.
    (SSFC, 11/11/18, p.C10)

2019        Nov 30, In Wyoming back-to-back snowstorms and strong winds have combined to make travel difficult to impossible across much of the state as wintry caused serious complications for post-Thanksgiving holiday travel while a powerful storm moves east toward the Midwest.
    (AP, 11/30/19)

2020        Jan 6, In Wyoming gunners contracted by Grand Teton National Park began culling about 100 goats that threatened the park's bighorn sheep herd.
    (SFC, 1/6/20, p.A6)

2020        Mar 1, In Wyoming at least three people were killed and 30 others injured on I-80 amid snowy conditions.
    (SFC, 3/3/20, p.A4)

2020        Apr 13, Wyoming reported its first death from the novel coronavirus, the final US state to report a fatality from the outbreak. Wyoming has 270 reported cases.
    (Reuters, 4/13/20)

2020        Apr 19, Wyoming's Democratic Party announced that former Vice President Joe Biden won the state Democratic presidential caucus with 72 percent of the vote.
    (AP, 4/20/20)

2020        Nov 13, A federal court judge for the second time in two years blocked drilling on more than 300,000 acres in Wyoming because the government failed to adequately consider its impact on climate change.
    (Reuters, 11/13/20)

2021        Feb 6, The Wyoming State Republican Party voted to formally censure Rep, Liz Cheney, the state's lone representative, and called for her to resign "immediately" because she voted to impeach former President Donald Trump last month.
    (AP, 2/7/21)

2021        Mar 24, Thirteen Republican-leaning states, led by Louisiana Attorney General Jeff Landry, sued the Biden administration to end a suspension of new oil and gas leases on federal land and water and to reschedule canceled sales of leases in the Gulf of Mexico, Alaska waters and western states. Wyoming filed a its own lawsuit in federal court.
    (AP, 3/24/21)(Reuters, 3/24/21)

2021        Jun 25, It was reported that the US Dept. of Agriculture has begun spraying the pesticide diflubenzuron to kill grasshopper nymphs in Montana. A 2021 grasshopper "hazard map" showed densities of at least 15 insects per square yard in large areas of Montana, Wyoming, Oregon and portions of Idaho, Arizona, Colorado and Nebraska.
    (SFC, 6/25/21, p.A8)

2021        Jul 26, Mike Enzi (77), former Senator of Wyoming (1996-2021), died after a bike accident.
    (AP, 7/27/21)

2021        Sep 19, Authorities said remains found in Wyoming were consistent with a description of Gabrielle Petito (22). She was reported missing after her fiancé returned to Florida alone from a cross-country van trip. On Sept. 11 her family had reported her missing to the North Port, Fla., police department. Her fiancé, Brian Laundrie (23), has gone into hiding. On Oct 12, a Wyoming coroner said Petito was strangled to death 3-4 weeks before her body was found.
    (NY Times, 9/20/21)(SFC, 10/13/21, p.A6)

2021        Sep 22, Wyoming Gov. Mark Gordon activated that state's National Guard to provide temporary assistance to hospitals dealing  with a surge of COVID-19 patients.
    (SFC, 9/23/21, p.A4)

2021        Nov, A company started by Bill Gates, TerraPower, announced it had chosen Kemmerer, Wyoming, for a nontraditional, sodium-cooled nuclear reactor that will bring on workers from a local coal-fired power plant scheduled to close soon.
    (AP, 1/17/22)

2022        Jan 1, Japan's daily Yomiuri reported the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd are set to cooperate with the United States and Bill Gates' venture company to build a high-tech nuclear reactor in Wyoming.
    (Reuters, 1/1/22)

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