Timeline North Dakota

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Facts & Links: http://www.50states.com/ndakota.htm

 The area of North Dakota 70,665 sq. mi. and its capital is Bismarck.
 (WUD, 1994, p.984)

67Mil BC    The remains of the hadrosaur, dubbed Dakota and dating to about this time, were found in 1999 by Tyler Lyson (17), on his uncle's ranch in North Dakota. The partially mummified hadrosaur may be the most complete dinosaur ever found, with intact skin that shows evidence of stripes and perhaps soft tissue.
    (Reuters, 12/3/07)(SFC, 12/3/07, p.A7)

6200BC    The glacial lake Agassiz-Ojibway, body of water so vast that it covered parts of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, North Dakota, Ontario and Minnesota, massively drained, sending a flow of water into the Hudson Strait and the Labrador Sea. The sudden flood of fresh water diluted the saltiness of the Gulf Stream weakening its flow.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, Survey p.6)(AFP, 2/24/08)

1804        Aug 31, Lewis and Clark held a council with local Sioux Indian chiefs in what is now eastern North Dakota.
    (ON, 4/12, p.9)

1804        Oct 26, Lewis and Clark accepted an invitation to camp for the winter near a cluster of villages inhabited by the Mandan and Hidatsa Indians.
    (ON, 4/12, p.10)

1804        Nov, Lewis and Clark hired French-Canadian fur trapper Toussaint Charbonneau as an interpreter, with the understanding that Sacagawea, who was only about 16 and pregnant, would come along to interpret the Shoshone language. She and another woman had been purchased by Charbonneau, who lived among the Hidatsa and Mandan Indians, to be his wives.
    (HN, 2/11/99)(HNQ, 12/1/99)

1805        Feb 11, At Fort Mandan ND Sacajawea (16), the Shoshoni guide for Lewis & Clark, gave birth to a son, with Meriwether Lewis serving as midwife. Sacagawea, the young Native American girl who aided the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was of the Lemhi Shoshones, who made their home in what is now southeastern Idaho and southwestern Montana. About 1800 Sacagawea was captured by a Hidatsa raiding party at the Three Forks of the Missouri River.  Sometime in 1804, she and another woman were purchased by French-Canadian fur trapper Toussaint Charbonneau, who lived among the Hidatsa and Mandan Indians, to be his wives.
    (HN, 2/11/99)(HNQ, 12/1/99)(AH, 2/05, p.17)

1805        Apr 7, The Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery resumed their journey to the headwaters of the Missouri River.
    (ON, 4/12, p.10)

1851        Sep 17, The Fort Laramie Treaty was signed between the US government treaty commissioners and representatives of the Cheyenne, Sioux, Arapaho, Crow, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nations. The Sioux pledged not to harass the wagon trains traveling the Oregon Trail in exchange for a $50,000 annuity. The treaty did not last long. Some 12,000 American Indians gathered at Fort Laramie for a peace council with the US. The government agreed that 12 million acres of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Indians would remain free of settlement (eastern Montana, northeastern Wyoming and western North Dakota). In 1949 Congress authorized a forced relocation to build the Garrison Dam in North Dakota. In 1986 Martin Cross won a settlement of $149.2 million for the unjust taking of reservation land. In 2004 Paul VanDevelder authored “Coyote Warrior: One Man, Three Tribes, and the Trial that Forged a Nation."
    (http://tinyurl.com/n7d26ok)(HT, 3/97, p.43)(SSFC, 8/29/04, p.M5)

1861        Mar 2, The Territory of Nevada was created by an act of Congress. The first elected governor of the state was Henry G. Blasdel. US Congress created the Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah territories
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.1B)(SFEC, 7/9/00, DB p.67)(SC, 3/2/02)

1883        The US Supreme Court ruled that the Dakota Territory court had no jurisdiction in a case in which a member of the Lakota nation killed a fellow member on tribal land. The decision overturned a death sentence and effectively gave exclusive jurisdiction for crimes to tribes. In 1885 US Congress passed the Major Crimes Act taking away the tribes’ authority to prosecute serious crimes such as murder, manslaughter and rape.
    (WSJ, 8/13/07, p.A12)

1885        Mar 3, The United States Congress passed the Major Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. 1153). It placed seven major crimes under federal jurisdiction if they are committed by a Native American in Native territory regardless of whether the victim of the crime was Native.

1889        Feb 22, President Cleveland signed a bill to admit the Dakotas, Montana and Washington state to the Union. The "omnibus bill" was an act dividing the Dakota Territory into the states of North and South Dakota, and enabling the two Dakotas to formulate constitutions. A constitutional convention was held at Bismarck beginning July 4, 1889. A constitution was formulated and submitted to a vote of the people of the State of North Dakota on October 1, 1889, and was adopted.
    (AP, 2/22/99)(www.court.state.nd.us/court/history/dakotaterritory.htm)

1889        Jul 4, North Dakota founders began drafting a constitution but left out a key requirement that the governor and other top officials take an oath of office, putting the state constitution in conflict with the federal one. In 2011 State Senator Tim Mathern introduced a bill fixing the mistake that will be put to voters.

1889        Nov 2, North Dakota became the 39th state.
    (HFA, '96, p.42)(AP, 11/2/97

1897        The Red River in Fargo North Dakota crested at 39.1 feet. The record was broken in 1997.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A3)

1908        Mar 11, Lawrence Welk, orchestra leader, was born in Strasburg, ND.
    (HN, 3/11/98)(MC, 3/12/02)

1908        Mar 22, Louis L’Amour (d.1998), American author, was born in Jamestown, North Dakota. He wrote 116 western novels.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(USAT, 6/10/98, p.1D)(MC, 3/22/02)

1908        Chase Lake, about 60 miles north of Bismarck, ND, was established as a protected area by Pres. Theodore Roosevelt, to save a dwindling number of pelicans from hunters. The colony, down to 50 breeding pairs, peaked in 2000 with some 17,500 pairs on the 4,385-acre site.
    (SFC, 7/13/04, p.A2)

1909        Jan 22, Hariette Lake (aka Ann Sothern, d. 2001), film and TV actress, was born in Valley City.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A23)

1910        A statue to Sacagawea was erected on the grounds of the North Dakota Capitol in Bismarck. In 2003 a replica of the statue was erected in the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, DC. The Hidatsa tribe preferred her named spelled as Sakakawea.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A2)

1913        Mar 1, The 1st state law requiring bonding of officers and state employees was enacted in North Dakota.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1919        The Bank of North Dakota was founded in Bismarck to lend money to farmers. As a state owned bank the states Legislature had the authority to tap the bank’s profit to fund government programs during tough times.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.D2)

1920        May 26, Peggy Lee (d.2002), jazz singer, was born in Jamestown, ND, as Norma Dolores Egstrom.
    (HN, 5/26/01)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A2)

1921        North Dakota Republican Gov. Lynn Frazier was recalled in the midst of an agricultural recession. Frazier was elected to the US Senate in 1922 and served for 18 years.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.A1)

1929        Syrian Muslims built the first mosque in America in Ross, North Dakota.
    (AH, 4/07, p.31)

1933        Nov 11, The first of the great dust storms of the 1930s hit North Dakota.
    (HN, 11/11/00)

1936        Feb 15, The temp hit -60ø F (-51ø C) in Parshall, North Dakota for a state record.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1941        Mar 15, A blizzard in North Dakota killed 151. [see Mar 16]
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1941        Mar 16, A blizzard hit North Dakota and Minnesota killing 60. [see Mar 15]
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1954        The 600-square-mile Garrison Dam in North Dakota, authorized by Congress in 1949, was completed. It covered the ancestral lands of Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Indians.
    (SSFC, 8/29/04, p.M5)

1959        Feb 4, In Fargo, N.D., Bobby Vee (15), aka Robert Veline, and the Shadows performed in public for the first time. The audience had come to see Buddy Holly and the Crickets. Rock-n-roll stars, including Dion and the Belmonts, traveled by bus from Iowa to Fargo in order to perform in nearby Moorhead, Minn.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 2/25/99, p.A16)

1980        Sep 15, A B-52H bomber carrying nuclear-armed AGM-69 missiles experienced a fuel leak in its number three main wing tank and caught fire on the ground at Grand Forks AFB in North Dakota.

1983        Jun 3, Gordon Kahl (b.1920), a militant tax protester wanted in the slayings of two US marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a gun battle with law enforcement officials near Smithville, Ark. Kahl was a former member of the anti-tax Posse Comitatus movement founded in 1969 by Henry L Beach.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(http://law.jrank.org/pages/9290/Posse-Comitatus.html)

1987         Nov 17, Richard McNair (28) killed Jerome Theis, of Circle Pines, Minn., during a burglary at a Minot, North Dakota, grain elevator. Richard Kitzman, an elevator employee, was shot three times but survived. McNair was convicted and sentenced to life in prison, but escaped a number of times. In 2007 he was again captured in New Brunswick, Canada.
    (AP, 10/26/07)

1988        Jun 10, Author Louis L'Amour died in Los Angeles at age 80. He wrote 116 western novels. L’Amour trained troops in survival and later fought in the European theater in tank destroyers. His early life was filled with the same type of adventures that he wrote about. Due to economic problems and an adventuresome spirit, L’Amour left his Jamestown, N.D., home when he was 15 and spent the next several decades tramping the West and sailing the world. He worked at just about everything that would keep him alive. His writings was just beginning to be published when the war started.
    (AP, 6/10/98)(USAT, 6/10/98, p.1D)(HNQ, 7/15/01)

1988        Basin Electric Power Cooperative of Bismarck, ND, paid the US government $85 million for the Dakota Gasification Co. of Beulah, which had begun as a $1.5 billion public-private venture under the Carter administration to turn reduce US dependence on Middle East oil.
    (SFC, 10/15/03, p.A4)

1992        In Regent Gary Greff began erecting metal sculptures along a 32 mile stretch from I-94. His "Enchanted Highway" came to include the "Tin Family," "Teddy Roosevelt," giant pheasants, a 40-foot tall rooster and a 30-foot long grasshopper.
    (WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A1,9)(SFC, 9/13/99, p.A3)

1995        Len Kretchman and David Geske of Fargo, ND, developed the Uncrustable sandwich, a peanut butter and jelly sandwich sealed in a pocket of bread. Smucker Corp. bought their company and received a patent for the sandwich in Dec, 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.B1)

1996        Sep 11, Grasshoppers plagued North Dakota. The insects were a problem in Wyoming, Montana and Nebraska. Another dry summer and it was predicted that they would spread to Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A2)

1997        Apr 17, The Red River in Fargo, North Dakota, was to have crested at 39.5 feet, surpassing the 1897 record. Snow and freezing rain over a 3 day period led to the flooding.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A3)(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A3)

1997        Apr 19, The Red River broke dikes in Grand Forks, N.D. and sent nearly half of the 50,000 population into evacuation. Damages were estimated at over $1.5 billion.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A1)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.39)

1998        Apr 14, The Grand Forks Herald of North Dakota won a Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of the 1997 flood and fire despite a damaged printing plant.
    (WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 10, A heavy snow storm hit the northern Midwest. Minnesota, Wisconsin and the Dakotas suffered loss of power, heavy snow and violent winds.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A3)

1998        Global Electric MotorCars (GEMs) began production in Fargo. The 72-volt electric motor cars could cruise at 25mph and go 35 miles between charges.
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.A19)

1999        North Dakota Gov. Edward Schafer signed a law that allowed farmers to seek permits from the FDA to grow hemp. In 2007 two North Dakota farmers filed a lawsuit to force the DEA to issue permits to grow hemp.
    (SFC, 6/8/99, p.A15)(Econ, 6/23/07, p.40)

2001        Oct 24, A blizzard hit North Dakota and Minnesota. The 10 inches of snow broke a 1926 Grand Forks record. The blizzard killed 6 people in the Midwest with 4 dead in North Dakota car crashes.
    (WSJ, 10/25/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D8)

2002        Jan 18, A train carrying anhydrous ammonia fertilizer derailed near Minot. The liquid turned to gas upon contact with air and one resident died from inhaling the gas.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A3)

2002        Mar 20, Bismarck received a record 5.4 inches of snow.
    (SSFC, 3/24/02, p.A20)

2002        Jul 22, North Dakota's Gov. John Hoeven was headed to Cuba to promote trade of peas, wheat and other foods to the communist island from his state. It was only the 2nd visit to Cuba by a sitting American governor in some 40 years.
    (AP, 7/22/02)

2003        Apr 3, The N. Dakota state Senate voted to keep a 113-year-old law that made it a crime for unmarried couples to live together.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.A7)

2003        Nov 22, North Dakota student Dru Sjodin (22) was last seen at the Grand Forks, ND, mall, where she worked. Her body was found the following April near Crookston, Minn. Suspect Alfonso Rodriguez Jr., released from prison 6-months before the murder, pleaded innocent to kidnapping resulting in Sjodin's death. In 2006 a jury found Rodriguez (53) guilty of kidnapping and killing Sjodin and was sentenced to death. North Dakota’s last execution was in 1905.
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A13)(AP, 11/22/04)(SFC, 8/31/06, p.A7)(SFC, 9/23/06, p.A3)

2003        Dec 1, Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. (50), described by authorities as a predatory sex offender was arrested in Crookston, Minn. He was charged with kidnapping in the disappearance of  Dru Sjodin, a North Dakota college student, abducted Nov 22, while talking on her cell phone.
    (AP, 12/2/03)

2004        Apr 17, The body of University of North Dakota student Dru Sjodin (22) was found in a ravine northwest of Crookston, Minn. She was last seen Nov 22 at the Grand Forks, ND, mall, where she worked. Alfonso Rodriquez was arrested in Dec. and investigators matched DNA in blood in his car to Sjodin.
    (AP, 4/18/04)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A13)

2004        Nov 2, John Hoeven (R) was elected governor of North Dakota.
    (SFC, 11/4/04, p.A18)

2005        Apr, Canada, backed by Minnesota and other states, provinces, environmental groups and Indian leaders, asked for a year-long expedited review by the International Joint Commission on a $25 million plan by North Dakota to take water from land-locked Devils Lake to the nearby Sheyenne River with the goal of stabilizing the lake at current levels. The water would ultimately drain into Manitoba's Lake Winnipeg, the world's 10th largest freshwater lake.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2005        Jul 1, In North Dakota a 14-mile, $28 million drainage channel, from Devil’s Lake to the Sheyenne River, was scheduled to open, but it was held up by heavy rains.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.34)

2005        Aug 18, It was reported that an anthrax outbreak had killed hundreds of cattle in parts of the Great Plains, forcing quarantines and devastating Dakota ranchers who worry how they will recover financially. Two ranches in Texas were quarantined last month after anthrax was found in cattle, horses and deer.
    (AP, 8/18/05)

2005        Nov 29, Broad areas of the Dakotas remained shut down by the Plains' first blizzard of the season, with highways closed by blowing, drifting snow and thousands of people without electricity as temperatures hit the low teens.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2006        Jan 13, North Dakota State University's North Central Research Center, Basin Electric Power Cooperative and other partners described plans for a station in Minot to refuel hydrogen-powered vehicles using wind power.
    (AP, 1/13/06)

2006        North Dakota Sen. Byron Dorgan authored “Take This Job and Ship It: How Corporate Greed and Brain-Dead Politics Are Selling Our America."
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.32)
2006        In North Dakota a drought wiped out 10% of the value of the state’s wheat crop.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.24)
2006        North Dakota’s population stood at about 637,000 people, down a high of some 681,000 reached during the Great Depression.
    (WSJ, 12/1/06, p.A1)

2007        Feb 8, A federal judge in Fargo, N.D., sentenced Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. to death for the slaying of college student Dru Sjodin.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2007        Feb 17, In North Dakota More than 8,900 people flapped their arms and legs on the state Capitol grounds in an attempt to reclaim the record, which was snatched away about a year ago in Michigan. The snow angel category was created in 2002 when 1,791 people made snow angels on the Capitol grounds in North Dakota.
    (AP, 2/17/07)

2008        Jan 28, The US Senate confirmed former North Dakota Gov. Edward Schafer as secretary of agriculture.
    (WSJ, 1/29/08, p.A1)

2008        Jun 3, Barack Obama sealed the US Democratic presidential nomination. Hillary Clinton did not give up yet, but said she’d be interested in the No. 2 spot. Obama won the Montana primary, while Clinton won the South Dakota primary.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(SFC, 6/4/08, p.A1)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.35)

2008        Jun, The watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Government (CREW) complained that Sen. Kent Conrad (D-N.D.) and Chris Dodd (D-Conn.) had received “sweatheart" mortgage deals from Countrywide while they were chairmen of Senate committees. Both men were cleared by a Senate ethics committee in 2009.
    (SFC, 8/8/09, p.A4)

2009        Jan 6, North Dakota Gov. John Hoeven reported a budget surplus and plans to grow reserves to between $800 million and $1.2 billion.
    (Econ, 1/31/09, p.43)(http://governor.nd.gov/media/speeches/090106.html)

2009        Mar 25, North Dakota officials issued an urgent call for volunteers to help with sandbagging as record amounts of water poured into the Missouri River and evacuations were ordered in riverside areas.
    (AP, 3/25/09)

2009        Mar 27, In North Dakota the Red River rose to a daunting 112-year high and breached one of the dikes fortifying Fargo, but the mayor pledged to "go down swinging" as he called for more evacuations and additional National Guard troops to prevent a devastating flood.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2009        Mar 28, In North Dakota the Red River crested at 12:15 a.m. at 40.82 feet, more than 22 feet above flood stage.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Mar 29, In North Dakota the bloated Red River briefly breached a dike, pouring water into a school campus and the Fargo Mayor Dennis Walaker called it a "wakeup call" for a city that needs to be vigilant for weaknesses in levees that could give way at any time.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        May 25, In Alabama prisoners Joshua Southwick (26) and Ashton Mink (22) were mistakenly allowed outside a prison by a worker who thought they were kitchen trusties. On June 6 they were arrested after a nearly 14-hour standoff on a ranch in North Dakota. Also taken into custody were two women who authorities said helped the men escape: Angela Diana Mink (25) and Jacquelin Rae Kennamer Mink (25) Mink's sister and wife.
    (AP, 6/7/09)

2009        Nov 3, In North Dakota 3 female Dickinson State Univ. softball players were found dead after their sport utility vehicle went into a pond on a farm during a stargazing trip on Nov 1. Authorities said they likely drove straight into the water in the dark.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2010        Apr 8, The North Dakota Supreme Court ruled that the Board of Higher Education had the authority to dump the Univ. of North Dakota “Fighting Sioux" nickname.
    (SFC, 4/9/10, p.A8)

2010        Sep 22, It was reported that North Dakota’s Devil’s Lake, called a slow-growing monster, has steadily expanded over the last 20 years, swallowing up thousands of acres, hundreds of buildings and at least two towns in its rising waters.
    (AP, 9/22/10)

2010        North Dakota counted some 641,000 residents, or about .02% of the US population.
    (Econ, 2/13/10, p.33)

2010        Ethane concentrations in the atmosphere began increasing after decades of decline. In 2016 researchers said gas fields in the Bakken Formation in Montana and North Dakota were responsible for the increases in the air pollutant.
    (SSFC, 5/1/16, p.A10)

2011        Jan 28, In Minot, North Dakota, a mother, her 2 children and her boyfriend were found dead at a home and trailer.
    (SFC, 1/29/11, p.A6)(SSFC, 1/30/11, p.A10)

2011        Jun 24, In North Dakota the Souris River swamped as estimated 2,500 homes in Minot as it soared nearly 4 feet in less than a day. More than a quarter of the city’s 40,000 residents had evacuated earlier this week.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A6)

2012        Feb 10, In North Dakota the vice president in charge of overseeing a foreign students program resigned following a report that the school had awarded hundreds of degrees to foreign students who did not earn them.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, p.A14)

2012        Mar 6, Ten US states voted in the Super Tuesday Republican primaries. Republican presidential frontrunner Mitt Romney edged out conservative rival Rick Santorum in the vital battleground of Ohio and won five of the night's other contests. Romney also notched victories in Alaska, Idaho, Vermont, Virginia and his home-state of Massachusetts, while Santorum won North Dakota, Oklahoma and Tennessee, and Newt Gingrich carried his home state of Georgia.
    (SFC, 3/7/12, p.A6)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.18)

2012        Jul, In North Dakota Halek Operating ND LLC was fined for putting drinking water at risk by illegally dumping over 800,000 gallons of oil-field wastewater into a former oil well and then attempting to cover up the crime.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.E5)

2013        Mar 22, North Dakota lawmakers took a step toward outlawing abortion altogether in the state by passing a so-called personhood resolution that says a fertilized egg has the same right to life as a person. The House's approval sends the matter to voters, who will decide whether to add the wording to the state's constitution in November 2014.
    (AP, 3/23/13)

2013        Mar 26, North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple signed legislation that that would make North Dakota the nation's most restrictive state on abortion rights, banning the procedure if a fetal heartbeat can be detected — something that can happen as early as six weeks into a pregnancy.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Nov 16, In North Dakota Craig Cobb was arrested along with Kynan Dutton over accusations they were brandishing firearms and sticks and threatening residents in the town of Leith. The white supremacists were charged on Nov 18 with terrorizing residents of Leith, where Cobb had sought to create a white enclave. On April 29, 2014, a state judge sentenced Cobb to four years probation but no additional jail time.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)(SFC, 4/30/14, p.A6)

2013        Dec 30, In North Dakota a mile-long train carrying crude oil derailed 5 miles from Casselton. As many as 20 cars caught fire.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Dec 30, The US FAA selected six states (Alaska, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Texas and Virginia) to test how drones can be more widely used in US airspace. 24 states had competed for selection.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A6)

2014        Apr 16, US District Judge Daniel Hovland overturned a North Dakota law banning abortions when a fetal heartbeat can be detected, as early as six weeks into pregnancy, and before many women know they’re pregnant. On May 14 the state filed an appeal on the ruling.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A5)(SFC, 5/15/14, p.A7)

2014        May 1, In North Dakota Andrew Sadek (20), a student at North Dakota State College, went missing. His body was found on June 27 in the Red River, not far from where he attended school. He had died of a gunshot wound and had been a confidential informant for a drug task force.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Andrew_Sadek)(SFC, 4/16/16, p.A7)

2014        Jun 6, In North Dakota seven couples filed a federal lawsuit challenging the state’s constitutional ban on same-sex marriage, making it the last state in the country to be sued by couples seeking the right to marry in their home state.
    (SFC, 6/7/14, p.A4)

2014        Jun 13, Pres. Obama spoke at the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in North Dakota promoting the need to help reservations create jobs. Some 63% of able workers at Standing Rock were unemployed. The 2.3 million-acre reservation was home to some 850 residents.
    (SFC, 6/14/14, p.A4)

2014        Nov 3, The US Air Force fired two commanders and disciplined a third for lapses and misbehavior at intercontinental ballistic missile bases in North Dakota and Wyoming.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A7)

2015        Jan 5, In North Dakota a school bus collided with an empty freight train after it failed to yield at a rail crossing. The bus driver and a student (17) were killed and 12 others injured.
    (SFC, 1/6/15, p.A5)

2015        May 6, In North Dakota an oil train derailed and ten cars caught fire near Heimdal.
    (SFC, 5/7/15, p.A8)

2015        May 7, In North Dakota jurors in Bismarck found Sanjay Williams (25) of Jamaica guilty of conspiracy, wire fraud and money laundering for his role in a lottery scam that cost victims millions of dollars around the country. About a dozen other defendants were awaiting extradition from Jamaica.
    (SFC, 5/8/15, p.A6)

2015        May 26, In North Dakota US airman Marcell Willis (21) opened fire with a handgun killing one worker and injuring another before killing himself early today at a Wal-Mart Supercenter store in Grand Forks.
    (AP, 5/26/15)(SFC, 5/27/15, p.A14)

2016        Jun 7, The last major primaries of the 2016 White House race kicked off in California, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota and South Dakota hours after US delegate counts showed Hillary Clinton clinching the Democratic nomination.
    (AP, 6/7/16)(SFC, 6/8/16, p.A1)

2016        Nov 15, The companies behind the Dakota Access Pipeline asked a US court to intervene in the fight over its completion as demonstrators fanned out across North America to protest the controversial project.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 18, Kelcy Warren, CEO of Dallas-based Energy Transfer Partners, said that the Dakota Access oil pipeline won’t be rerouted, but that he would like to meet with the head of an American Indian tribe to try to ease its concerns about the project.
    (SFC, 11/19/16, p.A7)

2016        Nov 20, In North Dakota months-long protests over an oil pipeline came to a head in sub-freezing temperatures this evening, as hundreds of protesters tried to push past a police barricade on Backwater Bridge. They were met with what appeared to be tear gas, water cannon spray, and rubber bullets.
    (CSM, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 26, In North Dakota organizers of the protest against the Dakota Access pipeline said they will not follow a government directive to leave the federal land at the Oceti Sakowin camp. A day earlier they receiving a letter from the US Army Corps of Engineers that said all lands north of the Cannonball River will be closed to public access on Dec 5 for safety concerns.
    (SSFC, 11/27/16, p.A10)

2016        Dec 4, The US Army Corps of Engineers turned down the request for an easement for the Dakota Access Pipeline to build under the Missouri River, after months of protests from Native American and climate activists. ETP said it will continue to fight for the line.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)

2016        Dec 14, US Pres. Barack Obama signed into law the Northern Border Security Review Act. It was introduced by Democratic Sen. Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota.
    (Econ 6/3/17, p.25)

2016        Dec 25, Almost all of North and South Dakota were under blizzard, ice storm or winter storm warnings as wintry weather was forecast to hit the Central US.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)

2016        Dec, In North Dakota a rupture of the Belle Fourche Pipeline near Belfield was later believed to have been caused by a slumping hillside. On March 24, 2017, estimates of the spill were tripled to about 530,000 gallons.
    (SFC, 3/25/17, p.A5)

2017        Jan 24, Pres. Trump signed executive actions to accelerate the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipeline projects and to decree that American steel should be used for pipelines built in the United States. Trump invited Keystone builder TransCanada  to resubmit its application to the State Department for a presidential permit to construct and operate the pipeline.
    (Reuters, 1/24/17)(SFC, 1/25/17, p.A5)

2017        Feb 1, The US Army Corp of Engineers said it had taken initial steps to review requests to approve the final permit to finish the controversial Dakota Access pipeline, which has been the focus of protests for months.
    (Reuters, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 7, The US Army said that it will allow the $3.8 billion Dakota Access oil pipeline to cross under a Mississippi River reservoir in North Dakota.
    (SFC, 2/8/17, p.A6)

2017        Feb 9, The Native American Standing Rock Sioux Tribe filed a last-ditch legal challenge to block the $3.8 billion Dakota Access oil pipeline project after the company constructing it won federal permission to tunnel under the Missouri River.
    (Reuters, 2/9/17)

2017        Feb 15, Pope Francis insisted that indigenous groups must give prior consent to any economic activity affecting their ancestral lands, a view that conflicts with the Trump administration, which is pushing to build a $3.8 billion oil pipeline over opposition from American Indians.
    (AP, 2/15/17)

2017        Feb 22, In North Dakota opponents of the Dakota Access pipeline burned structures in their camp near Cannon Ball as part of a leaving ceremony ahead of a government deadline to get off of federal property.
    (SFC, 2/23/17, p.A4)

2017        Aug 27, In North Dakota the body of Savanna Greywind (22) was found in the Red River in Fargo. She was eight months pregnant when last seen on August 19. On August 24 police found a newborn baby and arrested suspects Brooke Crews (38) and William Hoehn (32) for kidnapping. On Dec. 11 Crews pleaded guilty in the killing of her neighbor. In Feb. 2, 2018, Crews was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/29/17, p.A5)(SFC, 12/12/17, p.A4)(SFC, 2/3/18, p.A6)

2017        Dec 4, A US federal judge ordered Energy Transfer Partners LP to coordinate with local tribes and the Army Corps of Engineers to create an oil-spill response plan for the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline by next April, a decision he said will allow oil to keep flowing and prevent spills.
    (AP, 12/4/17)

2018        Jul 10, In North Dakota a tornado killed a seven-day-old baby and injured more than two dozen people when it ripped through a trailer park in the southwest part of Watford City.
    (AP, 7/11/18)

2018        Sep 29, North Dakota's Bismarck Tribune reported that 67 male students at the National Power Academy in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, have enrolled in a three-year energy training program run by BSC, after months of negotiations.
    (AP, 9/29/18)

2019        Apr 1, In North Dakota four people were found dead at a property management business in Mandan. Chiropractor Chad Isaak (44) was arrested on April 4 on suspicion of killing the owner of the business and three employees. In 2021 Isaak was sentenced to four life terms in prison.
    (SFC, 4/2/19, p.A5)(SFC, 4/6/19, p.A6)(SFC, 12/29/21, p.A5)

2019        Jul 26, In North Dakota the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, at the center of tumultuous protests against the Dakota Access pipeline, unveiled a solar farm that came about partly due to the tribe's fierce opposition to the oil pipeline's environmental impact.
    (AP, 7/26/19)

2019        Jul, In North Dakota a policy change let people with low-level marijuana convictions in the state petition to have their records wiped clean if they avoid unlawful behavior for five years.
    (AP, 11/21/19)

2019        Oct 7, William Hoehn, whose life sentence was overturned in the death of a North Dakota woman whose baby was cut from her womb, was re-sentenced to 20 years in prison for his role in the 2017 attack on Savanna Greywind, whose baby survived.
    (AP, 10/7/19)

2019        Oct 29, In North Dakota an oil leak was detected late today in the Keystone pipeline near Edinburg, a tiny community northwest of Grand Forks. An estimated 9,120 barrels of crude oil spilled from a leak.
    (Good Morning America, 11/1/19)

2019        Dec 5, A federal judge in McAllen, Texas, temporarily blocked a plan for a construction firm favored by President Trump to build a privately-funded segment of border wall along the banks of the Rio Grande River. Fisher Industries of North Dakota, recently won a $400 million federal contract to construct 31 miles of barrier along the border near Yuma, Ariz. President Trump has urged the Army Corps of Engineers to hire the North Dakota–based firm, whose head is a major Republican donor and a frequent guest on Fox News.
    (Yahoo News, 12/6/19)(SFC, 12/13/19, p.A9)

2020        Jan 9, A North Dakota man who allegedly told a neighbor he had a bomb and indicated he would harm anyone who tried to enter his condominium died after he was shot by tactical officers in an exchange of gunfire.
    (AP, 1/10/20)

2020        Mar 10, Five US states (Michigan, Washington, Missouri, Mississippi and Idaho) held Democratic primaries, while North Dakota held a caucus. 352 delegates were up for grabs.
    (AP, 3/10/20)

2020        Mar 25, A US federal judge ordered the US Army Corps of Engineers to conduct a full environmental review of the Dakota Access pipeline, nearly three years after it began carrying oil in June, 2017.
    (SFC, 3/26/20, p.A3)

2020        Apr 6, South Dakota, Gov. Kristi Noem issued a limited stay-at-home mandate that applies only to people in the two hardest-hit counties who are older than 65 or who have chronic health conditions. North Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa and Arkansas were the only US states where no one is under a stay-at-home order.
    (AP, 4/7/20)

2020        Apr 16, North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum issued guidelines for reopening the state as soon as May 1, according to a statement from his office.
    (Reuters, 4/16/20)

2020        May 27, In North Dakota a police officer was killed while serving an eviction notice in Grand Forks. Salamah Pendleton (41) opened fire on two officers. One officer was killed and a woman was found shot to death inside the home. Pendleton was shot and wounded.
    (SFC, 5/29/20, p.A4)

2020        Jun 1, In North Dakota a shooting early today left two airmen dead at the Grand Forks Air Force Base. No one else was involved in the two fatalities.
    (AP, 6/1/20)(SFC, 6/3/20, p.A4)

2020        Jun 12, It was reported that North Dakota is making sweeping cuts to state agencies in a bid to stem the financial bleeding from a historic oil price collapse sparked by the coronavirus pandemic, and a battered farm economy still struggling with the fallout from the US-China trade war.
    (Reuters, 6/12/20)

2020        Jul 6, A US District Court ordered Energy Transfer LP to shut and empty the largest pipeline from the North Dakota shale oil fields within 30 days, in a big win for the Native American tribes who have fought the line's route across a crucial water supply. In August a federal appeals court reversed the order.
    (Reuters, 7/6/20)(SFC, 8/7/20, p.A6)

2020        Aug 3, North Dakota-based Fisher Industries won another contract, valued at $289 million, to build 17 more miles of border wall in Laredo, Texas. US Sen. Kevin Cramer, has championed the company to Pres. Donald Trump. The Republican senator has received donations from the company.
    (SFC, 8/4/20, p.A4)

2020        Sep 12, It was reported that coronavirus infections in the Dakotas are growing faster than anywhere else in the nation, fueling impassioned debates over masks and personal freedom after months in which the two states avoided the worst of the pandemic.
    (AP, 9/12/20)

2020        Oct 13, North Dakota officials recorded a sixth straight day of record COVID-19 cases. 517 positive tests And 12 deaths in the last 24 hours put the state's total cases at 4,600 and 357 deaths.
    (SFC, 10/15/20, p.A8)

2020        Oct 16, North Dakota confirmed 877 new cases of the coronavirus and 18 more deaths. In total the state has confirmed 30,000 cases and 388 deaths.
    (SSFC, 10/18/20, p.A9)

2020        Nov 7, It was reported that North Dakota and South Dakota have the nation's worst rate of deaths per capita over the last 30 days. Despite advances in treating COVID-19 patients, hundreds more people have died in recent weeks than during any other period — a grim exclamation point on the virus outbreak slamming the northern Plains and Upper Midwest.
    (AP, 11/7/20)

2020        Nov 13, North Dakota became the 35th US state to require face coverings be worn in public, as governors across the country grapple with a surge in coronavirus infections that threatens to swamp their healthcare systems. North Dakota has critically understaffed hospitals and the highest per capita rates for new coronavirus cases and deaths in the US. Gov. Doug Burgum put in place a mask mandate and new limits on indoor dining.
    (Reuters, 11/14/20)(NY Times, 11/15/20)

2021        Mar 4, The North Dakota House voted 69-25 to expel Rep. Luke Simmons (43) for threatening and sexually harassing women at the state Capitol.
    (SFC, 3/5/21, p.A10)

2021        Oct 26, The North Dakota Department of Health switched off comments on its social media accounts, saying it was doing so to combat the spread of misinformation.
    (SFC, 10/27/21, p.A5)

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