Timeline Michigan

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Detroit timeline: https://detroithistorical.org/learn/timeline-detroit

 The state of Michigan owes its name to an Indian word that means "great water." The word Michigan originates from the Algonquian Mishagamaw, meaning "great water" or "big lake."
 (HN, 3/18/00)

570-230 Million Years Ago    In northern Alberta is the Peace River Arch; the Transcontinental Arch extends from Minnesota to Arizona and in Montana is the Montana Dome. The Ozark Mountains lie on the site of a dome and from Nashville, Tennessee, north to Michigan lies the Cincinnati Arch. Between Peace River, north-west Canada, and Montana and occupying much of Saskatchewan is the Williston Basin. Michigan lies four-square upon the Michigan Basin, while much of Illinois and Indiana is underlain by the Illinois Basin. Most of these broad, gentle features developed during Paleozoic time and have been dormant ever since.
    (DD-EVTT, p.172)

500 Million    A 30-mile size crater, a mile underneath the bed of Lake Huron, just north of Port Huron, Michigan, marks the impact of a meteor. It was discovered in 1990 by scientists from the Geological Survey of Canada.
    (LSA, Spring 1995, p.31)

440 Million    A five-mile size crater in Michigan in Cass County by the village Calvin Center marks the impact of a meteor the size of a football field. It was discovered in 1987.
    (LSA, Spring 1995, p.31)

c430 Million    In late Silurian times there was a shallowing of the seas across North America and they may have withdrawn completely from several regions. To the north-west and in the east large expanses of the sea were cut off from the open water. Under the hot, arid climate these giant lagoon-like areas acted as great evaporating basins. In the Michigan basin and the New York area, for example, as much as 900 meters of salt was laid down.
    (DD-EVTT, p.174)

11000BC    Scientists in 2005 said archeological sites dating to this time in Michigan, Canada, Arizona, New Mexico, and the Carolinas showed evidence, magnetic metal spherules, for a comet impact that may have wiped out North American mammoths and many other animals.
    (SFC, 9/24/05, p.B2)

9,000BC    Fisher in the late 1980's, while he was excavating an 11,000-year-old mastodon found at the Heisler site in southern Michigan, found evidence of butchery and under water meat caching by Ice Age hunters in North America.
    (LSA, Fall 1995, p.38)

1420-1500    The Paston Letters comprise 1,000 documents involving an English family over this period. The collection is held by the Univ. of Michigan and is being made electronically available under the Humanities Text Initiative (HTI) program that was begun in 1989.
    (MT, 6/96, p.8,9)

1612        The French explorer Etienne Brule is believed to be the first European to see the Great Lakes. Brule, believed to have been born in 1592, journeyed to North America with Samuel de Champlain in 1608 and helped found Quebec. Brule explored Lake Huron in 1612 and is believed to have also explored Lakes Ontario, Erie and Superior after 1615. Brule is the first European to live among the Indians and was probably the first European to set foot in what is now Pennsylvania. Brule was eventually killed by the Hurons, for reasons never known, in 1632.
    (HNQ, 6/29/98)

1615        Jul 28, French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovered Lake Huron on his seventh voyage to the New World.
    (HN, 7/28/98)

1679        Louis Hennepin, a Catholic priest, sailed up the Detroit River aboard the Griffon, through Lake St. Clair, which he named, and into Lake Huron and beyond. The French ship Le Griffon, built by explorer Rene-Robert Sieur de La Salle disappeared during its maiden voyage.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.5A)(SFC, 6/5/13, p.A6)

1679-1947    Some 8,500 vessels have been lost in Lake Michigan over this period.
    (Hem., 7/96, p.25)

1701        Jul 24, Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac (d.1730), aged 43, established Fort Ponchartrain for France on the future site of the city of Detroit, Michigan, in an attempt to halt the advance of the English into the western Great Lakes region.
    (HN, 7/24/98)(DFP, 7/24/01, p.2)

1701        Michipichy, a Huron chief, agreed to let Cadillac settle his people in Detroit following the construction of Fort Pontchartrain.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.5A)

1760        Nov 29, Major Roger Rogers took possession of Detroit on behalf of Britain. French commandant Belotre surrendered Detroit.
    (HN, 11/29/98)(MC, 11/29/01)

1763        May 7, Indian chief Pontiac began his attack on a British fort in present-day Detroit, Michigan. Ottawa Chief Pontiac led an uprising in the wild, distant lands that later became Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylvania.
    (HN, 7/24/98)(HN, 5/7/99)

1783        Sep 3, Mackinac Island, Michigan, passed into US hands following the Paris Peace Treaty,
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.C5)

1788        St. Antoine’s parish was established in Monroe, Mich.
    (Arch, 9/00, p.20)

1790        May, John Tanner (9) was kidnapped from his home in northern Kentucky by Shawnee Indians. He was taken to an area near what later became Saginaw, Michigan, where he learned the Ojibway language. After about 2 years he was sold to a woman named Net-no-kwa, who took him up to northern Michigan and later to Manitoba, Canada.
    (http://baptisthistoryhomepage.com/ky.boone.tanner.j.kidnapd.html)(ON, 4/10, p.4)

1796        Jul 11, Captain Moses Porter led a party of American troops into Detroit. At noon, the Union Jack came down, and the flag of the United States was raised over Detroit for the first time. Under provisions of the Jay Treaty of 1794, the British had agreed to give up control of Michigan and other parts of the Northwest Territory they had occupied since the conclusion of the Revolutionary War.

1797        Gabriel Richard came to Detroit.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.5A)

1805        Jan 11, The Michigan Territory was created.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1805        Jun 11, A fire nearly destroyed Detroit. The Latin hope of a French Catholic priest: “Speramus meliora resurget cinerbus" (We hope that better things may rise from the ashes, became the city’s motto. After the fire territorial Judge Augustus Woodward created a street plan modeled after Washington, D.C.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ycozewlu)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.21)

1809        Gabriel Richard brought in Detroit’s 1st printing press.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.5A)

1812        Jul, General William Hull ordered the construction of a causeway at the western end of Lake Erie to enable the 4th Infantry to pass over the mudflats to reach Detroit.
    (AM, 7/00, p.19)

1812        Aug 16, American General William Hull surrendered Detroit without resistance to a smaller British and Indian forces under General Isaac Brock.
    (AP, 8/16/97)(HN, 8/16/98)

1812        Oct 9, American Lieutenant Jesse Duncan Elliot captured two British brigs, the Detroit and Caledonia on Lake Erie in the War of 1812. Elliot set the brig Detroit ablaze the next day in retaliation for the British capture seven weeks earlier of the city of Detroit.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1812        Mackinaw Island, Michigan, was recaptured by the British.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.C5)

1813        Jan 22, During the War of 1812, British forces under Henry Proctor along with Indian allies under Tecumseh defeated a U.S. contingent planning an attack on Fort Detroit.
    (HN, 1/22/99)(AM, 7/00, p.19)
1813        Jan 22, A combined British and Indian force attacked an American militia retreating from Detroit near Frenchtown, later known as Monroe, Mich. Only 33 men of some 700 men escaped the battle of the River Raisin. Over 400 Kentucky frontiersmen were killed.
    (Arch, 9/00, p.22)(www.kdla.ky.gov/resources/KY_BRR.htm)

1813        Mar 21, James Jesse Strang, King of Mormons on Beaver Is, MI. (1850-56), was born.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1813        Oct 5, U.S. victory at the Battle of the Thames, in Ontario, broke Britain's Indian allies with the death of Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, and made the Detroit frontier safe.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1815        Mackinaw Island, Michigan, was permanently signed over to the US.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.C5)

1817        The Univ. of Michigan was founded by a Presbyterian minister, John Monteith, and a Catholic priest, Gabriel Richard and Judge Gus Woodward. The Univ. of Michigan was established by a Michigan Public Act under a Board of Regents.
    (MT, 12/94, p.2-3)(LSA., Fall 1995, p.10)(MT, Fall ‘96, p.10)

1822        Jun 6, Alexis St. Martin, a fur trader at Fort Mackinac in the Michigan territory, was accidentally shot in the abdomen. William Beaumont, a US Army assistant surgeon, treated the wound and St. Martin survived. The stomach wound did not close and Beaumont undertook experiments in 1825 to study the digestive system.
    (ON, 1/02, p.6)

1823        The city of Ypsilanti, Mich., was initially named Woodruff's Grove and was founded by pioneers in 1823. It was re-named Ypsilanti in honor of a Greek war hero, Demetrius Ypsilanti. The railroad came to the city in 1838, and it became a major stopping point for travelers between Detroit and the west. The Michigan State Normal School, now Eastern Michigan University, was founded here in 1849.

1825        Aug 1, William Beaumont, a US Army assistant surgeon at Fort Mackinac in the Michigan territory, began experiments to study the digestive system of Alexis St. Martin, a fur trader who  was accidentally shot in the abdomen in 1822.
    (ON, 1/02, p.6)

1827        Aug, Judge John Sturgis & George Thurston came to St Joseph County in August of 1827. They cleared 10 acres & planted wheat, then returned to Monroe, MI until the Spring of 1828. When Judge Sturgis returned, he brought his family & built a log cabin in what is now known as Maplecrest. Sturgis Township was originally an area of about 3,000 acres. It was divided up into Fawn River and Sherman Townships. The Sturgis Township was part of Sherman until 1845.

1829        Jul 23, William Austin Burt of Mount Vernon, Mich., received a patent for his "typographer," a forerunner of the typewriter.
    (AP, 7/23/99)

1830        Stephen Simmons was found guilty of murder and sentenced to be hanged. Thomas Knapp, Wayne County Sheriff, refused to carry out the sentence and a saloon keeper carried out the execution. This helped Michigan to abolish capital punishment, the 1st democratic government in history to do so.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.5A)

1831        John Farmer compiled and drew for the governor and judges of Michigan the first and only map of Detroit. His early maps are conceded to have been largely influential in promoting the extensive emigration to Michigan that occurred between 1825 and 1840.

1833        Jun 16, Lucie (Ruthy) Blackburn (30), a fugitive slave, escaped from jail in Detroit and made her way to Canada. The next day a riot erupted, “The Blackburn Riots," as her husband, Thornton Blackburn (21), was escorted for return to slavery. Thornton escaped to Canada to join his wife. The first extradition case between the US and Canada over the issue of fugitive slaves soon followed. Canada ruled it could not extradite people to a jurisdiction that imposed harsher penalties then they would have received for the same offense in Canada and the Blackburns remained in Ontario.
    (AH, 4/07, p.43)

1833        Dec, William Beaumont, a US Army assistant surgeon, published his new book: “Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion. It was based on the digestive system of Alexis St. Martin, a fur trader who was accidentally shot in the abdomen at Fort Mackinac in 1822.
    (ON, 1/02, p.6)

1835        Oct 6, The people of Michigan approved a new state constitution by a vote of 6,299 to 1,359. The constitution repudiated slavery and safeguarded personal liberty.
    (AH, 4/07, p.45)(www.michigan.gov/formergovernors/0,1607,7-212--56877--,00.html)

1835        Ohio and Michigan engaged in “The Toledo War" (1835–1836), also known as the Ohio-Michigan War, a bloodless boundary dispute that was settled in 1836.
    (WSJ, 5/31/08, p.W9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toledo_War)

1836        A group of African Americans broke from Detroit’s First Baptist Church and formed the Second Baptist Church.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.5A)

1837        Jan 26, Michigan became the 26th state of the US.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AP, 1/26/98)

1837        A Michigan Public Act declared that the Univ. of Michigan would "provide the inhabitants of the State with the means of acquiring a thorough knowledge of the various branches of literature, science, and the arts... (and) be open to all residents of this state." The Univ. of Michigan moved from Detroit to Ann Arbor.
    (LSA., Fall 1995, p.11)(MT, Spg. ‘99, p.23)

1837-1851    Dr. Zina Pitcher served as one of the first regents of the Univ. of Mich. over this period. He was considered a founder of the U of M Medical School and was an elected mayor of Detroit. He also founded the Historical Society of Michigan.
    (GEG, 6/97, p.5)

1839        Jun 6, Silas Farmer, publisher and son of John Farmer, was born in Detroit, Michigan.

1839        Dr. Zina Pitcher began teaching students and practicing medicine at St. Mary’s Hospital in Detroit. Although he had no medical degree, his private medical studies entitled him to be called Doctor.
    (MT, Fall/99, p.2)

1840        A US no-bail-out policy forced some state into default. Several US states had loaded up on unsustainable debt following an extended period of easy credit. These states consequently found payments on their existing bonds increasingly unaffordable. Between 1841 and 1843 Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Pennsylvania and one territory – a proto-state called Florida – defaulted.
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.57)(http://tinyurl.com/6pgf4wq)

1841        Fall, The 1st classes commenced at the Univ. of Michigan at Mason Hall, its only building. 30 students attended.
    (LSA, Spring/04, p.53)

1843        The Univ. of Michigan enrolled its 1st international student. A Canadian joined the body of 43 students.
    (LSA, Fall/03, p.38)

1845        George Pray was a member of the first Univ. of Michigan graduating class. His diary was recently acquired.
    (MT, 3/96, p.14)

1846        May 4, Michigan ended its death penalty.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1846        Moses Gunn (23), a graduate of the Geneva Medical School in Upstate New York, began a course of lectures in anatomy at the Univ. of Michigan. In 1867 he moved to Rush medical College in Chicago.
    (MT, Fall/99, p.4)

1847        Mar 1, Michigan became the 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state).
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1847        Nov 21, Steamer "Phoenix" was lost on Lake Michigan. 200 people were killed.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1849        James Strang settled with 250 followers on Big Beaver Island in northern Lake Michigan.
    (Smith., Aug. 1995, p.86)

1850        Oct 3, The Univ. of Mich. Medical School received its first students.
    (MT, Fall/99, p.3)

1950        Detroit's Wayne State Univ. Council of Deans renamed their former high school building to “Old Main."
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.10)

1851-1852    Zachariah Chandler served as mayor of Detroit and later as US Senator.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.5A)

1852        Feb 26, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg was born.
    (HNPD, 2/26/99)

1854        Feb 28, Some 50 slavery opponents met in Ripon, Wis., to call for creation of a new political group, which became the Republican Party. [see Mar 20, Jul 6]
    (AP, 2/28/00)

1854        Mar 20, The Republican Party was founded when former members of the Whig political party met to establish a new political party that would oppose the spread of slavery into the western territories. [see Feb 28, Jul 6]
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1854        Jul 6, The Republican Party was officially organized in Jackson, Michigan. The Republican Party was formed in Ripon, Wisconsin, by a group of anti-slavery politicians at the Little White Schoolhouse. [see Feb 28, Mar 20]
    (Hem., 7/96, p.28)(HN, 7/6/98)

1854        Alexander Winchell offered Univ. of Michigan’s 1st course for engineers in the “South College" building. The class was English composition for prospective engineers. He was soon replaced by Prof. DeVolson Wood, who designed a 4-year engineering curriculum.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.6)

1857        The Univ. of Michigan built its chemistry building, the first chemical laboratory at a US state university. It was eventually destroyed by an arson fire in 1980.
    (LSA, Fall, 2007, p.6)

1858        Sep, Alice Dewey was born in Michigan.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.15)

1859        Mar 24, John Farmer, New York born cartographer, died in Detroit, Michigan.

1859        Oct 20, John Dewey (d.1952), philosopher, educational theorist and writer (Learn by doing), was born in Michigan.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.15)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A22)(MC, 10/20/01)

1860        Apr 7, William Keith Kellogg, the brother of Dr. John Harvey Kellogg (1852-1943), was born. Will later founded the W.K. Kellogg company in Battle Creek, Mich., to market the cornflakes invented by his older brother. [see 1895]
    (HN, 4/7/99)(http://www.ivu.org/history/adventists/kellogg.html)(WSJ, 9/29/00, p.W17)

1860        Sep 7, The Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" sank and drowned 340 people in Lake Michigan.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1863        May 23, The 7th Day Adventist church was formally established in Battle Creek, Michigan with a membership of 3,500. Among its founders was Ellen G. White, whose extensive writings are still held in high regard by Seventh-day Adventists today.

1863        Jul 30, Henry Ford (d.1947), founder of the Ford Motor Company and developer of the Model T, was born in Dearborn Township, Mich. He led American war production with the gigantic facility at Willow Run.
    (AP, 7/30/98)(HN, 7/30/98)

1864        Feb 9, After a courtship that began at a party on Thanksgiving Day 1862, Brevet General George Armstrong Custer and Miss Elizabeth Bacon, both of Monroe, Michigan, married. Until Custer died at the Battle of the Little Bighorn a dozen years later, Libbie followed him to postings throughout the West whenever possible. Libbie never remarried, even though she outlived her husband by 50 years, preferring to keep his memory alive by lecturing and writing books about their life together on the Plains. Elizabeth Custer lived comfortably in New York City until her death on April 8, 1933, at the age of 91.
    (HNPD, 2/9/99)

1865        Mar 20, Michigan authorized workers' cooperatives.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1865        The Univ. of Michigan celebrated its 25th birthday with 1,205 students and 32 faculty members. It surpassed Harvard as the largest university in the US.
    (LSA, Fall/04, p.53)

1866        Jun 17, Lewis Cass (b.1782), former governor of Michigan (1813-1831) and Sec. of War (1831-1836) under Pres. Jackson, died.

1866        James Vernor, a Detroit pharmacist, began marketing a new soft drink.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, Z1 p.8)

1867        Nov 26, A refrigerated railroad car was patented by JB Sutherland of Detroit. [see Jan 16, 1868]
    (MC, 11/26/01)

1868        Jan 16, The refrigerated railroad car was patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit. [see Nov 26, 1867]
    (MC, 1/16/02)

1868        John Davidson and Franklin Hargo became the 1st African American students admitted to the Univ. of Michigan.
    (LSA, Spring/04, p.53)

1869        The first Univ. of Mich. University Hospital opened in Ann Arbor. It was the only university owned teaching hospital in the US.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.15)

1871        Oct 8-14, In Peshtigo, Wisc., some 1,500 people were killed in the nation’s worst forest fire, which burned across six counties and into Michigan. Fires also broke out in the Michigan communities of Holland, Manistee and Port Huron.
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(WSJ, 8/4/04, p.B1)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(AP, 10/8/08)

1871        Phil D. Beckwith founded the Round Oak Stove Co. in Dowagiac, Mich.
    (SFC, 1/4/06, p.G2)

1871-1909    James Burrill Angell (1829-1916) served as the president of the Univ. of Mich.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9002271/James-Burrill-Angell)(MT, Fall. ‘97, p.23)

1873        Leon Czolgosz (d.1901), anarchist and assassin of Pres. McKinley (1901), was born to Polish parents in Detroit.
    (AH, 10/01, p.25)

1873        Bonds were issued for the Saginaw & Canada Railroad Co. The operation built 40 miles of track and went broke in 1876. The worthless bonds were later found and given to the Public Museum of Grand Rapids in 1992, where they were sold in the gift shop for $22.95. Scam artists acquired a large quantity in bulk and sold them as real bonds to investors for a total scam of some $12 million.
    (WSJ, 2/25/99, p.A1,8)

1873        James Edmond Scripps (1835-1906), the son of a prominent British book binder, tapped the growing class of working men and women by launching a newspaper, The Evening News (later, The Detroit News).

1875        Mackinac Island, Michigan, became the 2nd US national park.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.C5)
1875        The Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical company was incorporated. It was originally founded in Detroit, Michigan, by Dr. Samuel P. Duffield, a physician and pharmacist. A partnership of Dr. Duffield and Hervey Coke Parke was formed in 1866, with George S. Davis becoming a third partner in 1867. Duffield withdrew in 1869, and the name Parke, Davis & Company was formally adopted in 1871.

1876        Sep 19, The 1st carpet sweeper was patented by Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich.
    (MC, 9/19/01)

1876        Samuel T. Cooper purchased six hand-operated knitting machines and with his sons founds S.T. Cooper & Sons, a hosiery manufacturer located in Ludington, Michigan. At the turn of the century the company moved to Kenosha, Wisconsin.
    (SSFC, 11/29/09, p.N6)(http://tinyurl.com/y9d8vq4)

1876        Dr. John Harvey Kellogg was 24 years old when he became staff physician at the Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan--a position he held for 62 years. Dr. Kellogg, a respected abdominal surgeon, ran "the San" as a health institute where the wealthy could rejuvenate themselves with Kellogg's offbeat cures. Illness was caused, Kellogg believed, by poor eating habits that left poisons in the intestinal tract. Among Kellogg's solutions to the dietary dilemma were "fletcherizing," or chewing food hundreds of times before swallowing, and a vegetarian diet high in bran. It was the bowels, however, that received Kellogg's undivided attention. Patients at the San were subjected to regimens of "cleansing enemas" that cured "ulcers, diabetes, schizophrenia, acne...and premature old age."
    (HNPD, 2/26/99)

1876         In Battle Creek Dr. John Harvey Kellogg became the director of the Western Health Reform Institute, part of the 7th Day Adventist Network.
    (WSJ, 9/29/00, p.W17)

1878        May 30, Michigan’s all-University football team played its 1st game. It defeated Racine College 7-2.
    (LSA, Spring/04, p.53)

1878        Jun 26, The schooners Peshtigo and St. Andrews collided and sank near Beaver Island in northern Lake Michigan. In 2019 divers found the wreckage.
    (https://www.straitspreserve.com/shipwrecks/st-andrew/)(AP, 9/20/19)

1881        Sep 5, A fire in the thumb of Michigan killed 169 people and burned a million acres.
    (SFC, 10/30/03, p.A15)

1881        The Michigan Legislature required that the bodies of indigents, who would otherwise be buried by the state, to be turned over to the Univ. of Michigan Medical School.
    (MT, Fall/99, p.3)

1882        Silas Farmer was chosen historiographer of the City of Detroit.

1883        Nov 26, Sojourner Truth, former slave and abolitionist, died in Battle Creek, Mich.
    (AP, 11/26/08)

1884        John Dewey came to teach at the U of M.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.19)

1885        The Detroit Institute of Arts opened.
    (WSJ, 9/30/97, p.A20)

1886        The Grand Rapids School Furniture Company was founded in Grand Rapids, Mich. By 1899 the company had merged with 18 others to form the American Seating Co. of NYC.
    (SFC, 1/14/09, p.G2)

1887         Mar 2, The American Trotting Association was organized in Detroit, Mi., on this day.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)

1887        The Grand Hotel was built on Michigan’s Mackinac Island. Its front porch was 880 feet long. The 1980 film "Somewhere in Time," starring Christopher Reeve and Jane Seymour, was filmed at here.
    (SFC, 3/7/98, p.E3)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.C1)

1890        The Michigan Daily, a campus newspaper at U of M, began publishing.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.18)

1890        Silas Farmer published his “History of Detroit and Wayne County and Early Michigan: A Chronological Encyclopedia of the Past and Present."

1890        Cook, Baker & Co was founded in Allegan, Mich., to make wood architectural products. The name changed to Baker & Co. in 1903 and later to Baker Furniture Inc. In 1986 it became part of Kohler Co. of Kohler, Wis.
    (SFC, 12/5/07, p.G2)

1891        May 4, The schooner-barge Atlanta carrying a load of coal sank in a storm off Deer Park, Michigan. In 2022 it was discovered in Lake Superior off Michigan's Upper Peninsula.
    (AP, 3/3/22)(https://tinyurl.com/yckudcvj)

1891        John Dewey published “Outlines of a Critical Theory of Ethics."
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.19)

1891        Newberry Hall was completed on the U of M campus. In 1928 it became the home to the Kelsey Museum.
    (LSA, Spring/04, p.7)

1891        Alice Dewey founded the Women’s League at the Univ. of Mich.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.18)

1891        John Dewey and Fred Scott founded “The Inlander" journal at the U of M to promote literature and the same year began to allow free discussion in one of his courses.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.17,19)

1891        The University Record was founded at U of M as a record of the educational and scientific work at the university.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.18)

1891-1932    In Grand Rapids The “Quaint Furniture" name was used by Albert and John George Stickley, who founded the Stickley Bros. Co. and produced furniture inspired by pieces made from their brother Gustav.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, Z1 p.2)

1892        May 19, Charles Brady King of Detroit invented the pneumatic hammer. [see Jan 30, 1894]
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1892        A legal case protected the shoreline of Lake Michigan from ownership by a railroad.
    (SFC, 3/21/14, p.D2)
1892        The Macey Furniture Co. of Grand Rapids, Mich., opened as a mail-order operation. By 1900 it made its own furniture and in 1905 merged with Wernicke Furniture of Cincinnati. In 1907 the company became Globe-Wernicke.
    (SFC, 10/24/07, p.G2)
1892        The Royal furniture Co. began operating in Grand Rapids, Mich., and continued to 1931. In 1901 Robert Irwin bought a controlling interest and in 1919 combined royal with the Phoenix furniture Co., also in Grand Rapids, to form the Robert W. Irwin Co, which closed in 1953.
    (SFC, 1/7/09, p.G2)

1893        Feb 26, 2 Clydesdale horses set a record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge in Michigan.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1893        Nov 20, The struggling Western League of Professional Baseball Clubs, meeting in Detroit, Michigan, elected Byron Bancroft Johnson (29), a former ballplayer and Cincinnati sportswriter, as president. He had been recommended by Charles Comiskey, a potential investor in the league and manager of the National League’s Cincinnati Reds.
    (ON, 6/09, p.10)

1894        Jan 30, Pneumatic hammer was patented by Charles King of Detroit. [see May 19, 1892]
    (MC, 1/30/02)

1894        Dr. John Harvey Kellogg of Battle Creek, Mich., filed for a patent for “flaked cereals and [the] process of preparing same."  search for the perfect food led to the development of breakfast food flakes made of wheat called Granose. Will Keith Kellogg, John's brother, improved on the Granose idea and founded the W.K. Kellogg Company in 1906.
    (HNPD, 2/26/99)(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A4)(ON, 2/05, p.9)
c1894        Philosopher John Dewey transferred from the Univ. of Mich. to the Univ. of Chicago.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.19)
1894        Orville Gibson (d.1918) began selling his musical instruments out of a one-room workshop in Kalamazoo, Michigan. In 1902 Gibson founded the "Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Mfg. Co. Ltd." to make mandolin-family instruments.

1895        May 13, The cornerstone laying ceremony for Central High School was held.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)

1895        Marian Sarah Parker became the 1st woman to acquire a Michigan degree in engineering as she graduated from the Univ. of Michigan’s dept. of civil engineering.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.6)
1895        In Detroit, Mi., an explosion destroyed the former Detroit Journal building and killed dozens of people.
    (SFC, 10/30/13, p.A9)

1896        Mar 6, Charles B. King rode his "Horseless Carriage," the 1st auto in Detroit.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1896        Jun 4, Henry Ford made a successful pre-dawn test run of his horseless carriage, called a quadricycle, through the streets of Detroit. The Quadracycle consisted of a simple motor mounted on a buggy frame. Before Ford began to produce the automobiles that made him famous, he had been an unimpressive student from a Michigan farming family. But he began to demonstrate skill and interest in mechanical work, and left farming and business school behind to work with machines. He learned about steam engines at his job with Westinghouse, and later worked as an engineer for Edison Electric Illuminating Company. As Ford Motors developed, he hoped to emulate Edison.
    (AP, 6/4/97)(HNQ, 6/4/98)

1896        Old Main began as the home of Detroit Central High School.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1896        Orville H. Gibson founded his Kalamazoo musical instrument manufacturing company. In 1904 it was incorporated as the Gibson Mandolin Guitar Co.
    (SFC, 10/5/05, p.G3)

1896        The Luce Furniture Co. began operations in Grand Rapids, Mich., and continued to 1930. In 1912 it claimed to be the largest shipper of Mission dining room furniture in the country. The company reorganized and reopened from 1935 to 1938.
    (SFC, 1/28/09, p.G2)

1896        Fred Macey opened his own furniture factory in Grand Rapids, Mich. His company made rolltop desks and other furniture. In 1905 he merged with Wernicke Furniture to form Macey-Wernicke Co., which name was simplified in 1908 to Macey Co. It went out of business in 1940.
    (SFC, 5/24/06, p.G3)

1897        In Grand Rapids the male only Diamond Hall club was formed for Polish immigrants. In 2004 the club voted to allow women full membership.
    (USAT, 5/18/04, p.17A)
1897        Michigan passed a law prohibiting the use of obscenities in front of women and children. The law was challenged in 1999 after a canoeist, Timothy J. Boomer, hit a rock on the Rifle River and was cited for swearing in 1998. A state appeals court struck down the law in 2002
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.A8)(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A3)
1897        In Midland, Michigan, Herbert Dow, founder of Dow Chemical, first tapped the local brine wells for his pioneering electrolysis process.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.62)
1897        Ransom E. Olds started the Olds Motor Vehicle Co. In 2004 the last Oldsmobile Alero rolled of a GM assembly line in Lansing, Mich.
    (SFC, 4/28/04, p.C1)

1897        Otto H.L. Wernicke moved his Wernicke Furniture Co. from Minneapolis, Minn., to Grand Rapids, Mich.
    (SFC, 8/9/06, p.G3)

1898        May 6, Daniel Gerber, baby food pioneer, was born in Freemont, Mich.
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1899        Aug 15, Henry Ford (36) quit his job with the Edison Illuminating Company. He soon found backers and started the Detroit Automobile Company, with himself as chief engineer.
    (ON, 3/03, p.1)

1899        Sebastian Spering Kresge founded a store that developed into the Kmart Corp. The 1st Detroit store sold merchandise for either 5 or 10 cents.
    (Ind, 2/2/02, 5A)

1900        Nov, Henry Ford’s Detroit Automobile Company failed. It was revived in 1901 as the Henry Ford Co.

1900        Joshua Lionel Cowen (1877-1965), inventor, along with some partners founded Lionel Corp in NYC. Operation were later based outside Detroit and Lionel grew to become the world’s largest toy maker in the 1950s. [see 1901]
    (WSJ, 11/17/04, p.B1)

1901        Jan 28, Byron Bancroft Johnson announced that the American League would play the 1901 baseball season as a major league and would not renew its membership in the National Agreement. The new league would include Baltimore and Washington, DC, recently abandoned by the National League. The league would also invade 4 cities where National League teams existed: Boston, Cleveland, Detroit and Philadelphia. The 8 charter teams included: the Baltimore Orioles, Boston Americans, Chicago White Stockings, Cleveland Blues, Detroit Tigers, Milwaukee Brewers, Philadelphia Athletics, and Washington Senators.
    (ON, 6/09, p.11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_League)

1901        Apr 25, In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of the greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit).
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1901        Jun 18, Hazen Stuart Pingree (b.1840), a four-term Republican mayor of Detroit (1889–1897) and the 24th Governor of the US state of Michigan (1897–1901), died in London while returning from an African safari.

1901        Fielding H. Yost took over as coach of Michigan’s football team.
    (MT, Fall/03, p.7)

1901        Henry Ford founded the Henry Ford Co. but soon left. In 1902 the remaining owners dissolved operations and formed the Cadillac Co.

1902        Jan 1, In Pasadena the 1st Rose Bowl football game was held and the Univ. of Michigan beat Stanford 49 to 0. The next Rose Bowl game was held 11 years later.
    (SFC, 9/25/99, p.A20)

1902        Feb 4, Charles Lindbergh (d.1974), the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic (1927), was born in Detroit and grew up in Minnesota.
    (HN, 2/4/99)(www.charleslindbergh.com/history/index.asp)

1902        Mar 24, Thomas E. Dewey, a governor of New York (1943-1955) and two-time Republican presidential nominee, was born in Owosso, Mich.
    (HN, 3/24/01)(AP, 3/24/02)

1902        Mar, Henry Ford (38) left the Detroit Automobile Company and soon found backers for the new Ford Motor Co., which incorporated in 1903.
    (ON, 3/03, p.1)

1902        Aug 22, The Cadillac Company formed from the Henry Ford Co. when Henry Ford left. Ford formed the Ford Motor Co. in 1903.

1902        A new Engineering Building was constructed at the Univ. of Mich. It was renamed West Engineering upon construction of East Engineering in 1923.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.6)

1903        Mar 23, The ritual hair-cutting by sophomores against freshmen got out of control at the Univ. of Mich. and President Angel put a stop to it.
    (MT, Spg. ‘97, p.17)

1903        Jun 16, Ford Motor Co. was incorporated.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1903        Jul 23, The Ford Motor Company sold its first automobile, the Model A.
    (HN, 7/23/98)

1903        Oct 31, The Michigan football team tied with Minnesota 6-6. Michigan manager Thomas B. Roberts purchased a 5-gallon, putty brown, water container for the game. It cost him 30 cents in a Minneapolis variety store. Minnesota kept the jug and in 1909 challenged Michigan to come back and get the “Little Brown Jug."
    (MT, Fall/03, p.7)

1903        In Detroit the Gem Theater was constructed. In 1997 the 2,750 ton building was moved 5 blocks through downtown to make room for a new ballpark. It set a new record as the heaviest building moved.
    (SFC,10/23/97, p.A17)

1903        F. Stuart Foote founded the Imperial Furniture Co. in Grand Rapids, Mich. The company was sold in 1954.
    (SFC, 12/26/07, p.G3)

1903        David Mackenzie resigned as superintendent of Muskegon schools.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1904        David Mackenzie began as principal of the Detroit Central High School.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1904        The reference here depicts a map of Detroit neighborhoods in 1904 by ethnicity.

1904        Silas Farmer, historiographer of the City of Detroit, created an Industrial Map of Detroit.

1904        Otto H.L. Wernicke joined his Michigan furniture business with the Ohio Globe Files Co. to form the Globe-Wernicke Co. Around 1905 Wernicke Furniture purchased the Fred Macey Furniture Co. and began making stackable bookcases. Globe-Wernicke sued Macey in 1906 for using its patents. After years of litigation Globe lost.
    (SFC, 8/9/06, p.G3)

1906        Feb 19, In Michigan W.K. Kellogg & Charles Bolin incorporated the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co. Will Kellogg spent 2/3 of the company budget to advertise Corn Flakes.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.E4)(ON, 2/05, p.10)

1906        Apr 16, In Michigan 2 freighters collided and sank in the Soo passage near Sault Ste. Marie. The crews of the Sexonia and the Eugene Zimmerman escaped.
    (SFC, 4/17/06, p.A9)

1906        An oil portrait of Pres. James Burill Angell by William Meritt Chase, commissioned by the Student Union for $4000, was presented to the Univ. of Mich.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.23)

1906        The Michigan State Telephone Co. published a telephone directory using yellow paper for the first time, thus producing the first Yellow Pages.
    (WSJ, 11/24/07, p.W7)(www.oldtelephonebooks.com/pages/varieties)

1906        Henry Ford used stock purchases to acquire 51% of the Ford Motor Co. and concentrated on producing inexpensive cars. His highest priced vehicle in 1906 cost $750.
    (ON, 3/03, p.2)

1907        Jul 8, George W. Romney, later governor of Michigan, was born into a Mormon family in Chihuahua, Mexico. He later was a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination until he admitted that he had been "brainwashed" by the military on the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 7/8/98)(SSFC, 2/25/07, p.A4)(SSFC, 2/25/07, p.A4)

1907        Oct 11, The freighter Cyprus foundered during a storm on Lake Superior, while on its second voyage hauling iron ore from Superior, Wis., to Buffalo, NY. All but one of the Cyprus' 23 crew members died. The 420-foot shipwreck was found in 2007, 8 miles north of Deer Park, Mich., where a single survivor had reached shore. The ship was built in Lorain, Ohio, and launched on Aug. 17, 1907.
    (AP, 9/10/07)

1907        Nov 4, Faygo was founded in Detroit as Feigenson Brothers Bottling Works by Russian immigrants Ben and Perry Feigenson. The original flavors of Faygo were based on cake frosting recipes used by the Feigensons in Russia. The brothers ran the company until the mid-1940s, when they turned it over to their sons. In the 1950s the company created a series of radio and television advertisements featuring a fictional cowboy called the Faygo Kid, who was portrayed in animation for television commercials for Faygo Old-Fashioned Root Beer.

1907        Nov 20, The McLaughlin Motor Car Company was founded in Ontario, Canada, under Samuel McLaughlin (1871-1972). In 1910 he became a director of General Motors and sold his company in 1918 becoming president of General Motors of Canada.

1907        The Detroit auto show began when a group of dealers held a show in a city park. The show was largely a regional event showcasing Detroit automakers until 1989, when the name was changed to the North American International Auto Show and Toyota and Nissan used it to introduce their new luxury brands.
    (AP, 1/12/14)

1908        Mar 20, Frank Stanton, broadcasting pioneer and the president of CBS for 26 years, was born in Muskegon, Mich.
    (AP, 3/20/08)

1908        May 25, Theodore Roethke (d.1963), American poet, was born in Saginaw, Mich.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(MT, Summer 01, p.3)

1908        Aug 12, Henry Ford's first Model T rolled off the assembly line.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1908        Sep 16, General Motors Holding Company was formed in Flint, Mich., by William Durant. He started General Motors (GM) Holding Company at the suggestion of his partner Samuel McLaughlin, CEO of General Motors of Canada (founded November 20, 1907).
    (AP, 9/16/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_C._Durant)

1908        Oct 1, The Ford Model T, the first car for millions of Americans, hit the market. Each car cost $825. Over 15 million Model Ts were eventually sold, all of them black. The Model T automobile cost $850 when it was first introduced to the public. Ford lowered the price of automobiles—previously regarded as a toy of the rich—by maintaining control of raw materials and using new mass production techniques. The price of this two-seater, affectionately known as the “tin Lizzy," fluctuated over the years, dipping below $300 in 1924. Electric lights and an optional electric starter were among the few improvements over the years. The model was discontinued in 1927 after more 15,000,000 had been produced.
    (CFA, ‘96, p.56)(AP, 10/1/97)(HN, 10/1/98)(HNQ, 7/11/00)

1908        Oct 10, The Chicago Cubs won Game 1 of the World Series with a 10-6 victory over the Detroit Tigers at Bennett Park.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

1908        Oct 11, The Chicago Cubs took a 2-0 lead in the World Series, defeating the visiting Detroit Tigers 6-1 at the West Side Grounds.
    (AP, 10/11/08)

1908        Oct 12, The Detroit Tigers beat the Chicago Cubs 8-3 in Game 3 of the World Series, played in Chicago.
    (AP, 10/12/08)

1908        Oct 13, The Chicago Cubs won Game 4 of the World Series, defeating the Detroit Tigers 3-0 to take a 3-1 Series lead.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

1908        Oct 14, The Chicago Cubs won the World Series as they defeated the Detroit Tigers in Game 5, 2-0, at Bennett Park.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

1908        In Detroit, Mich., Wayne’ State’s Old Main was expanded with a back wing for gymnasiums, laboratories and shops.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)
1908        On the East Side of Detroit St. George's Lithuanian parish on Westminster Avenue was organized by Father Casimir Valaitis (1864-1941) and the St. George Society. In 1949 a new site was selected, due to newly planned freeway, on Schaefer Road, near Grand River Avenue. Because of the fact that St. George's was then being used as a 'Mission’, Chancery personnel chose "Divine Providence" was their new name. A new freeway against forced a move and on Nov 23, 1973, a new church was dedicated at West Nine Mile and Beech Roads, in the western suburb of Southfield.

1909        Jul 8, The 1st official evening baseball game was played in Grand Rapids. Mich. Grand Rapids defeated Zanesville 11 to 10.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A20)

1909        The Pittsburgh Pirates, led by pitcher Honus Wagner, defeated the Detroit Tigers 4-3 in the World Series. This marked the last world series appearance by Ty Cobb.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A20)

1909        William L. Clements joined the Univ. of Mich. Board of Regents.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.8)

1910        Henry Ford opened a new plant in Highland Park, Mich., the largest plant in the world. It was designed by Albert Kahn. The retail price of the Model T dropped to $780.
    (ON, 3/03, p.3)(Econ, 7/19/14,p.72)

1911        Feb 23, G. Mennen ("Soapy") Williams (d.1988), (Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60), was born in Detroit.

1911        Charles Kettering created the first successful electric self-starter for Cadillac. It was introduced in the 1912 model.
    (F, 10/7/96, p.67)

1911        Michigan drew the first white center line on a roadway.
    (WSJ, 5/8/97, p.B1)

1911        General Motors Truck Co. was formed.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1911        Chevrolet was established.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1911        Henry Ford reduced the retail price of the Model T to $690.
    (ON, 3/03, p.3)

1912        Jul 4, Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0.
    (Maggio, 98)

1912        Tiger Stadium opened as Navin Field at Michigan and Trumbull. The stadium closed down in 1999.
    (SFEC, 8/28/98, p.T4)(WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A24)

1912        The U of M established a separate graduate school that in 1935 was named for Horace H. Rackham for a financial contribution.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.19)

1912        Henry Ford doubled production and reduced the price of the Model T to $600.
    (ON, 3/03, p.3)

1913        Fall, Henry Ford (1863-1947) introduced the moving assembly line at his Highland Park, Mich., plant.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(F, 10/7/96, p.67)

1913        Aug, Henry Ford began his 1st large-scale automobile assembly tests. It initially took 12 hours and 30 minutes to assemble a Model T.
    {Cars, Michigan, USA}
    (ON, 3/03, p.4)(Econ, 4/20/13, SR p.3)

1913        Oct 7, In attempting to find ways to lower the cost of the automobile and make it more affordable to ordinary Americans, Henry Ford took note of the work of efficiency experts like Frederick Taylor, the "father of scientific management." The result was the assembly line that reduced the time it took to manufacture a car, from 12 hours to 93 minutes. Ford reversed the slaughter house production process of removing parts from a moving line to adding parts. Production more than doubled and the price of the Model T was reduced from $600 to $550.
    (HN, 10/7/00)(SFC, 6/13/03, p.B4)(ON, 3/03, p.4)

1913        Dec, In Calumet, Mich., at a Christmas Party for families of copper miners, somebody yelled fire and caused a panic that led to the death of 72 people, mostly children.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, Z1 p.4)

1913        In Detroit the Michigan Central Depot railway station opened on Michigan Ave. The last train departed from the station in January, 1988, after which the structure was stripped by vandals. In 2009 it continued to stand, under owner Manuel Moroun, a trucking and real estate mogul, as a dead body was found at the bottom of an elevator shaft.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.66)

1913        David Mackenzie organized the first public junior-college curriculum in Michigan at the urging of the Detroit College of Medicine.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1914        Jan 5, Henry Ford astounded the world as he announced that he would pay a minimum wage of $5 a day and share with employees $10 million in last year’s profits. The wage increase counter-balanced the increased demand on the workers from the new assembly line production methods.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.22)(HN, 1/5/99)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R28)

1914        Jan 14, Ford Motor Company greatly improved its assembly-line operation by employing a chain to pull each chassis along.
    (AP, 1/14/01)

1915        Jan 21, The first Kiwanis Club was formally founded, in Detroit, Mich. Allen Browne in Dec, 1914, had proposed a fraternal club for business and professional men. Kiwanis was established as an organization devoted to the principle of service and to the advancement of individual, community, and national welfare, and to the strengthening of international goodwill.
    (AP, 1/21/98)(www.tcfn.org/kiwanistci/about.html)

1915        Jan 23, Potter Stewart, 94th Supreme Court justice (1958-81), was born in Mich.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1915        Apr 10, Harry Morgan, actor (December Bride, M*A*S*H, Dragnet), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1915        Jul 24, Excursion ship Eastland capsized in Lake Michigan and 852 die.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1915        Edsel Ford (21) drove a Model T from Detroit to San Francisco for the Panama-Pacific Expo and visited Hughson Ford on Van Ness Ave., the world’s first Ford dealership. Edsel was accompanied by a 1915 Cadillac and a Stutz Six Touring Car on the 39-day trip.
    (SFC, 8/20/15, p.D6)
1915        The Univ. of Michigan underwent a reorganization and the engineering dept. acquired college status.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.6)
1915        August Freuhauf, a Detroit blacksmith, invented the semi-trailer.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, Z1 p.7)

1916        Oct 24, Henry Ford awarded equal pay to women. Industrialist Henry Ford helped lead American war production with the gigantic facility at Willow Run.
    (HN, 10/24/98)

1916        Walter Lay joined the Univ. of Michigan faculty with a mandate to create a laboratory and an entire slate of automotive courses.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.6)

1916        The Univ. of Michigan established the nation’s 1st Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering under Prof. Felix Pawlowski.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.7)

1917        Jun 4, Charles Collingwood, news commentator (CBS, Chronicles), was born in Mich.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1917        Fall, The Central High junior-college program was expanded and became the Detroit Junior College (DJC). It opened with 300 students.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1918        May 24, Coleman A. Young, civil rights leader (Mayor-D-Detroit), was born.
    (MC, 5/24/02)

1918        Oct 5, The Univ. of Michigan played a home football game against Case Institute of Technology and won 33-0. A number of fans in the stands were infected with influenza and passed it on to fellow spectators. The first two local deaths occurred on Oct 11. The local epidemic was declared over on Nov 4 with 117 deaths in Ann Arbor.
    (LSA, Fall/06, p.58)

1918        Highland Park seceded from Detroit, Mi. The village of Highland Park was incorporated as a city to protect its tax base, including its successful Ford plant, from Detroit's expanding boundaries.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Highland_Park,_Michigan)

1919        Orchestra Hall opened in downtown Detroit. The Detroit Symphony left in 1939 for the Ford Auditorium, but returned in 1989.
    (SFC, 10/9/03, p.F2)

1919        In Dodge v. Ford the Michigan Supreme Court held that Henry Ford owed a duty to the shareholders of the Ford Motor Company to operate his business for profitable purposes as opposed to charitable purposes.
    (WSJ, 1/14/08, p.R2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodge_v._Ford_Motor_Company)

1919        Henry Ford sued the Chicago Tribune for libel after the newspaper called him an "ignorant" anarchist. Ford won the suit and was awarded 6 cents. He soon began amassing material of historical value.
    (WSJ, 11/21/03, p.A7)

1919        General Motors established General Motors Acceptance Corp. (GMAC) to handle loans for its sales. In 2006 Cerberus Capital Management moved to acquire a 51% controlling stake.
    (WSJ, 4/4/06, p.A1)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.68)

1919        At DJC a night school program was begun.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1919-1922    James Couzens served as the mayor of Detroit.
    (WSJ, 1/21/00, p.W10)

1920        Aug 20, Pioneering American radio station 8MK in Detroit (later WWJ) began daily broadcasting.
    (AP, 8/20/97)

1920        Nov 2, The first radio broadcast of presidential elections in the United States were made by radio. Westinghouse had built radio station KDKA on its factory roof in Pittsburgh and was among the first to broadcast returns from the Harding-Cox presidential election. 8MK, the first US station owned by a newspaper (the Detroit News), also broadcast the election returns.
    (www.oldradio.com/current/the1st.htm)(WSJ, 1/12/98, p.A19)(HN, 11/2/98)(AP, 11/2/99)

1920        Dec 14, George Gipp (b.1895) died in Indiana from pneumonia and a strep infection during his senior year at Notre Dame. He was buried in northern Michigan. Gipp was the school's first All-American and set a school career rushing record that stood for more than 50 years. Ronald Reagan portrayed Gipp in the 1940 movie "Knute Rockne, All American," in which he made famous the phrase "win one for the Gipper."
    (AP, 11/10/07)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1595)

1920        Michigan set up the first four-way traffic signal.
    (WSJ, 5/8/97, p.A16)

1920        David Mackenzie, dean of Detroit Junior College, was elected the first president of the American Association of Junior Colleges.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1921        Feb 26, Betty Hutton, actress (Greatest Show on Earth), was born in Battle Creek, MI.

1921        Sep 3, Ernest Hemingway married Hadley Richardson, a wealthy debutante 8 years his senior, in Horton Bay, Mich.
    (ON, 7/05, p.9)(www.boynecountry.com/media_kit/mediamain.html)

1921        Wyandotte Toys of Wyandotte, Mich., was founded and initially concentrated on toy pistols.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.E7)

1922        Jan 30, Dick Martin, actor, comedian (Laugh-In), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (MC, 1/30/02)

1922        Mar 3, WWJ-AM in Detroit, MI, began radio transmissions.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1922-1936    James Couzens served as a US Senator from Michigan.
    (WSJ, 1/21/00, p.W10)

1923        Feb 9, Norman E. Shumway, pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon, was born in Mich.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1923        The Clements Library opened in Ann Arbor. Its first director was Randolph G. Adams. The library was designed by Albert Kahn and was paid for by William L. Clements to house his extensive book collection. The Univ. of Mich. agreed to pay for its maintenance, staff salaries and fund acquisitions. It acquired about this time the collection of Henry Vignaud, US Consul in Paris, who had amassed a 50,000 piece collection of historic explorations and discoveries.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.8)

1923        The Detroit Junior College was renamed the College of the City of Detroit (CCD).
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1923        The Freer Gallery in Washington was established as the nation’s national museum of Asian art. The center of the collection was amassed by Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), a self-made railroad magnate living in Detroit.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A20)(WSJ, 11/6/98, p.W10)(WSJ, 12/14/06, p.D6)

1923        Alfred P. Sloan Jr. (1875-1966), a ball-bearing magnate, became president of a troubled GM and brought in corporate management and tight financial controls. He introduced the ideas of model changes and offering a car "for every purse and purpose."
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.61)

1924        Brothers J.B., Frank and Herbert Book opened the Book-Cadillac Hotel in Detroit. It was the city’s tallest building and the tallest hotel in the world. In 1951 it was acquired by the Sheraton hotel corporation. It changes hands a number of more times before plummeting demand forced it to close in 1984. In 2007 a developer planned to re0open it as a 455-room Westin by fall of 2008.
    (WSJ, 6/1/07, p.A11)

1925        Ossian Sweet, a black doctor who had moved into a white neighborhood of Detroit, was indicted on murder charges after defending his property and life against a mob attack. In 2004 Phyllis Vine authored "One Man's Castle: Clarence Darrow in Defense of the American Dream."
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.M4)

1925        Clarence Cook arrived from Maine to become president of the Univ. of Michigan (10,000 students).
    (MT, Summer 01, p.4)

1926        Jan, Central High School was moved from Old Main. College High School continued at Old Main.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1926        Apr 5, Roger Corman, producer, director (Little Shop of Horrors), was born in Detroit.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1926        Sep 25, Henry Ford announced 8 hour, 5 day work week.
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1926        Oct 31, Magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.
    (AP, 10/31/97)

1926        Betty Hutton, film actress, was born in Battle Creek.
    (SFEC, 8/6/00, DB p.59)

1926        Charles Stewart Mott (1875-1973) established a family foundation that focused on social enterprises around Flint, Mich. He had earlier sold the family’s wheel and axle business to General Motors and become its largest shareholder.
    (SFC, 6/16/08, p.B3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Stewart_Mott)

1926        David Mackenzie, dean of DJC, died.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1927        May 18, A schoolhouse in Bath, Mich., was blown up with explosives planted by local farmer Andrew Kehoe, who then set off a dynamite-laden automobile; the attacks killed 38 children and six adults, including Kehoe, who had earlier killed his wife.
    (AP, 5/18/07)

1927        May 26, Ford Motor Company manufactured its 15 millionth Model T automobile.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1927        Aug 17, Robert Moore, actor (Marshall-Diana), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1927        Dec 2, Ford Motor Co. unveiled its "Model A" automobile, the successor to its "Model T." The Ford Rouge plant employed 70,000 men. A vehicle was assembled in 3 1/2 days and the price for a Model T dropped to $290 per vehicle, down 65% from its original price. The Model A was introduced with a revolutionary teaser campaign and the 1st one sold for $385.  Production for the Model T was shut down for almost 6 months to retool for the Model A and compete with GM.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(AP, 12/2/97)(WSJ, 11/5/99, p.A1)(MC, 12/2/01)

1927        James Couzens had an English-manor-style house, designed by Albert Kahn, built in Bloomfield Hills. Most of the Couzens fortune came from investing in the Ford Motor Co.
    (WSJ, 1/21/00, p.W10)

1927        Stephen Timoshenko, Ukraine-born railroad engineer, arrived in Michigan and joined the Univ. of Michigan where he became the world’s leading authority on applied mechanics. His 18 textbooks were published in 36 languages.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.7)

1927        Henry Ford obtained a Connecticut-sized land in the Brazilian jungle and began creating his Fordlandia factory town for the creation of a rubber plantation and processing facility to supply his factories with tires and gaskets. A strike in 1930 wrecked Fordlandia. It was rebuilt and struggled on for a decade until succumbing to leaf blight and insects. In 2009 Greg Grandin authored “Fordlandia: The rise and Fall of Henry Ford’s Forgotten Jungle city."
    (SSFC, 7/5/09, p.F7)

1928        Mar 31, Gordie Howe, NHL right wing (Detroit Redwings), was born in Floral, Sask., Canada.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1928        Jun, College High School at Old Main was closed.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.7)

1928        Jul 1, Avery Hopwood (b.1882), US playwright, died in France. He left a bequest to the Univ. of Michigan that established the Avery and Julie Hopwood Awards in Creative Writing.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery_Hopwood)(LSA, Fall/02, p.3)

1928        Philip Levine, poet, was born in Detroit, Mich. He spent a good portion of his life teaching poetry in Fresno, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/19/04, p.E1)

1929        Mar 17, General Motors purchased an 80% stake in Opel, a German car manufacturer, for $33.3 million. GM raised the stake to 100% in 1931.

1929        Oct 15, Arthur Efimchick (d.2004) was born in Dearborn, Mich. He later became the host of the TV game show "Concentration" (1958-1973), NBC's longest running game show.
    (SFC, 4/1/04, p.B7)

1929        Nov 11, The Ambassador Bridge, linking Detroit, Michigan, to Windsor, Ontario, Canada, was completed and opened for traffic 4 days later. Financier Joseph Bower led the project which became the longest suspension bridge in the world, exceeding by 100 feet the Philadelphia-Camden Bridge completed in 1926.

1929        The Univ. of Mich. men’s baseball team under Fielding H. Yost (1871-1946) won 11 of 13 games on its first tour of Japan and brought back a Japanese suit of armor as an award from Meiji Univ.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.24)

1929        The Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village opened in Dearborn.
    (WSJ, 8/7/03, p.D10)

1930        Nov 22, Elijah Muhammad formed the Nation of Islam in Detroit.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1930        The Detroit Teachers College moved into the already overcrowded Old Main.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)

1930        Will Kellogg of Battle Creek, Mich., organized the W.K. Kellogg foundation to share his wealth.
    (ON, 2/05, p.11)

1931        Jul 6, Della Reese, singer, actress (Della Reese Show, Royal Family), was born in Detroit.
    (MC, 7/6/02)

1931        The DeTour Reef Light, a 74-foot art-deco lighthouse, was built.
    (SFEC, 8/28/98, p.T5)

1931        In Detroit, Mich., Wallace D. Fard started a movement that later became the Nation of Islam. He was succeeded by Elijah Muhammad, who stressed the evil of white people and the need for black self-sufficiency.
    (WSJ, 10/24/03, p.A8)

1932        Mar 7, Riots at Ford factory in Dearborn, Michigan, killed 4.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1932        Mar 21, Joseph Silverstein, violinist (Denver Symphony Orch), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1932        Mexican artist Diego Rivera arrived in Detroit, Michigan with his artist wife Frida Kahlo. He had been commissioned by William Valentiner, a German art historian and director of the Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA), to create murals at the DIA under a grant from Edsel Ford.
    (SFC, 5/1/15, p.77)
1932        The new Student Publications Building of the Univ. of Michigan, designed by UM alumni, opened.
    (LSA, Fall/06, p.63)

1932-1947    Hank Greenberg (d.1986) was a baseball star with the Detroit Tigers during this time. In 1999 the documentary film “The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg" was made by Aviva Kempner.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, DB p.43)

1933        Jan 30, The first episode of the “Lone Ranger" radio program was broadcast on station WXYZ in Detroit. The show was created by George Washington Trendle and Fran Striker. The show ran for 21 years on ABC radio.
    (AP, 1/30/98)(SFC, 12/29/99, p.A11)(MC, 1/30/02)

1933        Aug 8, The Colleges of the City of Detroit reorganized as a University.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)

1933        Aug 25, Tom Skerritt, actor (Ryan's Four, Alien, Big Bad Mama, Pickett Fences), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1933        The U of M Gothic Law Quadrangle was completed. A 150-page book by Kathryn Horste was published on the quadrangle in 1997 by the U of M Press.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.9)

1933        The U of M won the national football championship.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.C18)

1934        Jan 3, The Colleges of the City of Detroit was renamed to Wayne University after Gen’l. Anthony Wayne, Revolutionary War hero. The obsolete tower clock was replaced by an electrically driven clock.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)

1934        Jun 30, Harry Blackstone (d.5/14/1997), magician, was born in Three Rivers, Mich.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A26)

1934        The U of M had one of its worst seasons with a record of 1-7. MVP of the year was future president Gerald Ford. Pres. Johnson later said that Ford played too many games without his helmet.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.C18)

1934        William L. Clements, industrialist, U of M regent and benefactor, died.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.9)

1935        Feb 16, Salvatore Bono (d.1998), vocalist (Sonny & Cher), (Rep-R-Ca, 1995-98), was born in Detroit.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A11)(MC, 2/16/02)

1935        May 7, US Commissioner Ernest E. Williams listened as witnesses charged Walter Lord, head of Drive-Away Travel Service of Detroit, with violating the National Recovery Administration automobile code. At least 10 young men were left stranded in San Francisco after driving in cars from Detroit with no pay. Drivers figured they had worked 138 hours, which at the NRA rate of 37.5 cents and hour, would have meant $51.75 in wages for each driver.
    (SSFC, 5/2/10, DB p.46)

1935        May 13, David T. Wilkinson (d.2002), physicist, was born in Hillsdale, Mich. He became the driving force behind the 1989 Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite. It provided evidence for the “Big Bang" that spawned the universe 10-20 billion years ago.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(SFC, 9/16/02, p.A20)

1935        May 25, Jesse Owens set six world records in less than an hour in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    (HN, 5/25/99)

1935        Gerald Ford (1908-2006), 41st vice-president and 38th president of the United States, graduated from the Univ. of Michigan, where he had been a star football player.
    (SFC, 12/27/06, p.A11)

1936        Jan 15, The non-profit Ford Foundation incorporated.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1936        Feb 11, Burt Reynolds, actor (Evening Shade, Strip Tease, Cannonball Run), was born in Michigan.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1936        Dec 30, The United Auto Workers union staged its first sit-down strike, at the Fisher Body Plant No. 1 in Flint, Mich. Walter and Victor Reuther and other union activists withstood violent confrontations with the police to force GM to recognize and negotiate with the trade union.
    (AP, 12/30/97)(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A11)

1936        Arthur Miller (1915-2005) won the Univ. of Michigan Hopwood Award for his play “Honors at Dawn."
    (SFC, 2/12/05, p.A12)

1937        Feb 11, In Flint, Mich., a sit-down strike against General Motors ended after 44 days, with the company agreeing to recognize the United Automobile Workers Union. The UAW was victorious in a strike against GM. GM recognized the union and agreed to a contract.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(AP, 2/11/97)

1937        Jun 5, Henry Ford initiated a 32 hour work week.
    (MC, 6/5/02)

1937        Nov 21, Marlo Thomas, film and TV actress, was born in Detroit, Mich. In 1980 she married Phil Donohue.
    (SSFC, 11/21/04, Par p.28)

1937        The Central High School sign at Old Main was replaced and a Warren Ave. wing was added to Old Main.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.9)

1938        Folklorist Alan Lomax spent three months in Michigan recording folk music as part of his 10-year cross-country trek to document folk music for the Library of Congress.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.F4)

1939        Apr 7, Francis Ford Coppola, director (Godfather, Apocalypse Now), was born in Detroit.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1939        Sep 1, Lily Tomlin, comedienne, actress (9 to 5, Laugh-in, All of Me), was born in Detroit.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1939        Fall, The Univ. of Michigan played the Univ. of Chicago at Stagg Field in Chicago and won by a score of 85-0. Football under UC Pres. Robert Hutchins (29) was very much discouraged. The day after the game Hutchins banned football and turned the stadium over to scientists and the first atomic pile was later created there.
    (LSA, Spg/97, p.25)

1939        Walter O. Stanton (d.2001 at 86) graduated from Wayne State Univ.’s School of Electrical Engineering. As a student he set up one of the 1st student radio stations in the country. In the late 1940s he developed the slide-in stylus for phonographs.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A17)

1940        Jan 2, Jim Bakker, televangelist (PTL Club), was born in Muskegon, Mich.

1941        The first urban freeway was constructed in Michigan.
    (WSJ, 5/8/97, p.A16)

1942        Feb 28, There was a riot at the new Sojourner Truth Homes in Detroit. There was a great deal of racial fighting with 40 injuries, but no deaths. Police called off the entry of blacks to their homes and, by the end of the day, arrested 220 – 217 blacks and 3 whites.

1942        Student expansion forced Wayne Univ. to buy more land north of the building. 17 acres with 41 chief buildings were purchased one block at a time (from 1942-1945) for $961,357.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.9)

1943        May 26, Edsel Ford, president (49) of the Ford Motor Company, died.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1943        Jun 20, Race-related rioting erupted in Detroit; federal troops were sent in two days later to quell the violence that resulted in 34 deaths and 600 wounded.
    (AP, 6/20/97)(SSFC, 12/17/00, Par p.5)

1943        Jun 22, Federal troops put down race-related rioting in Detroit. 36 hours of rioting claimed 34 lives, 25 of them black. More than 1,800 were arrested for looting and other incidents, the vast majority black. Thirteen murders remained unsolved.
    (http://info.detnews.com/history/story/index.cfm?id=185&category=events)(AP, 6/22/03)

1943        Dec 14, Dr. John Kellogg (91) died in Battle Creek, Mich.
    (ON, 2/05, p.11)

1943        General Motors invited Peter Drucker (1909-2005), a young author, to study the company from the inside. His seminal study of General Motors: “The Concept of the Corporation" (1946) introduced the idea of decentralization as a principle of organization, in contrast to the practice of command and control in business.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concept_of_the_Corporation)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.72)

1943        Preston T. Tucker (1903-1956) of Ypsilanti, Michigan, developed an innovative new passenger car for postwar America. The Tucker, of which only 51 were built, boasted disc brakes, pop-out windshields, padded dashboards and front-passenger crash compartments. It pioneered several automotive features that would later become standard. Tuckers were capable of a top speed of 122 mph and originally cost about $2,450. The last Tucker was manufactured in 1948, shortly before Preston Tucker faced charges of fraud by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Tucker successfully fought off the SEC charges and was at work on an automobile to be built in Brazil, the Carioca, when he died in 1956.
    (HNPD, 10/3/98)

1943        Lockheed Martin picked Clarence Johnson, a Univ. of Michigan graduate (1932) to develop the nation’s 1st jet fighter. He had already designed the P-38 Lightning. Johnson and his staff developed a jet prototype, the Shooting Star, in 143 days.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.7)

1944        Mar 26, Diana Ross [Earle], (Supremes, Lady Sings the Blues, Mahogany), was born Detroit, MI.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1944        The NAACP meeting in Detroit held a symbolic funeral for Jim Crow.
    (SFC, 7/10/07, p.A3)

1945          Jan 31, Private Eddie Slovik (b.1920) became the only US soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion, as he was shot by an American firing squad near the village of Ste-Marie aux Mines, France. In 1954 William Bradford authored “The Execution of Private Slovik." In 1987 Slovik’s body was exhumed and returned to Detroit, Mi., his hometown.
     (AP, 1/31/04)(SSFC, 7/8/12, DB p.42)

1945        May 6, Bob Seger, folk singer (Silver Bullet Band-Shake Down), was born in Dearborn, Mich.
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1945        May, The Wayne Victory, a merchant marine ship, was commissioned with the Detroit Wayne Univ. name.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.10)

1945        Grand Rapids, Mi., became the world’s first city to add fluoride to its water supply to reduce tooth decay. A study six years later found a dramatic decline in tooth decay among the children there.
    (WSJ, 7/22/05, p.B1)(SFC, 4/28/15, p.A5)

1946        May 11, Robert Jarvik, physician: inventor of the Jarvik artificial heart, was born in Michigan.
    (MC, 5/11/02)

1946        Jun 28, Gilda Radner (d.1989), actress (Emmy Award-winning comedienne, actress: Saturday Night Live [1977-78]; Haunted Honeymoon [w/husband Gene Wilder]), was born in Detroit, Mich. "I wanted a perfect ending. ... Now I’ve learned, the hard way, that some poems don’t rhyme, and some stories don’t have a clear beginning, middle and end. Life is about not knowing, having to change, taking the moment and making the best of it, without knowing what’s going to happen next. Delicious ambiguity."
    (AP, 5/20/98)(MC, 6/28/02)

1946        Illustrator Art Fitzpatrick (1919-2005) landed an account with the Mercury division of Ford Motors. This expanded to the Lincoln division in 1948 and Chrysler in 1950, when he was joined by Van Kaufman (1918-1995). Their work was highly regarded and led to accounts with Buick (1953), Chevy 1958) and Pontiac (1959). Dale Gustafson (b.1927) Roger Metcalf (1927-1992) joined the team in the mid-1950s. In 2021 Robe Keil authored "Art Fitzpatrick and Van Kaufman: Masters of the Art of Automobile Advertising".
1946        James Chapman (1916-1996), regional director for Ford Motor Co., hired Babe Ruth as consultant to Ford’s sponsorship of American League Junior Baseball.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A19)
1946        Peter Drucker (1909-2005) published his seminal study of General Motors: “The Concept of the Corporation." In it he introduced the idea of decentralization as a principle of organization, in contrast to the practice of command and control in business.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concept_of_the_Corporation)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.72)

1946        The new U of M Survey Research Center, later the Institute for Social Research (ISR),  began with a monthly survey of consumer attitudes about the economy.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1946        Warren E. Avis (1915-2007) founded the Avis Rent-A-Car System to bring rental cars directly to airline passengers at Willow Run Airport in Ypsilanti, Mich., and Miami Int’l. Airport.
    (WSJ, 4/28/07, p.A6)

1947         Apr 7, Auto pioneer Henry Ford (b.1863) died in Dearborn, Mich. Most of his personal estate, valued at $205 million, was left to the Ford Foundation. In 2001 Neil Baldwin authored "Henry Ford and the Jews - The Mass Production of Hate." In 2003 Douglas Brinkley authored "Wheels for the World - Henry Ford, His Company, and a Century of Progress." In 2005 Steven Watts authored “The People’s Tycoon: Henry Ford and the American Century."
    (AP, 4/7/97)(HN, 2/20/98)(SFC, 6/13/03, p.B4)(SSFC, 8/28/05, p.C2)

1947        Ed Lowe, a sand hauler in Cassopolis, Mich., recommended some baked clay for a customer's cats instead of sand. Lowe's father manufactured the clay absorbents for factory oil messes. The customer's cats took a liking to it and Mr. Lowe put it on the market as Kitty Litter and became very rich.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, Z1 p. 1)(WSJ, 2/23/00, p.A1)

1948        Apr 14, Walter P. Reuther, Pres (United Auto Workers), was shot at his home. [see Apr 20]
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1948        Apr 20, United Auto Workers president Walter P. Reuther was shot and wounded at his home in Detroit. [see Apr 14]
    (AP, 4/20/98)

1948        Sep 15, Gerald Ford upset Rep. Bartel J. Jonkman in the Michigan 5th Dist Rep. primary.

1948        CORE was founded in Detroit.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.15)

1948        Michigan passed a law that prohibited women from serving alcoholic drinks in bars. In was overturned by a 1971 Supreme Court decision on an Idaho case that showed discrimination against one gender.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A21)

1948        The U of M Survey Research Center, later the Institute for Social Research (ISR), began its National Election Studies, a biennial survey and analysis of voter behavior.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1948        General Motors agreed to annual cost-of-living pay increases.
    (Econ, 6/6/09, p.61)

1949        Jun 16, In Detroit Jake Lamotta (1922-2017) defeated French champ Marcel Cerdan for the middleweight boxing championship.
    (http://boxrec.com/media/index.php/Marcel_Cerdan_vs._Jake_LaMotta)(SFC, 9/21/17 p.A7)

1950        Jan 3, Albert Cobo (1893-1957) began serving as mayor of Detroit. He pursued the building of motorways by razing black neighborhoods, sowing the seeds for the race riots of 1967.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Cobo)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.21)

1950        Feb 18, John Hughes, director (Breakfast Club, 16 Candles, Weird Science), was born in Lansing, Mich.

1950        Mar 27, Maria Ewing, opera singer, was born in Detroit, Mich.

1950        May 13, Steveland Morris Hardaway (AKA Stevie Wonder) was born prematurely, in Saginaw, Mi., as Steveland Judkins. Too much oxygen in the incubator caused the baby to become permanently blind. At the age of ten, Little Stevie Wonder, as he was called by Berry Gordy at Motown, was discovered singing and playing the harmonica. He had many hits during his teens including "Fingertips" and as an adult he has earned an Oscar and at least 16 Grammy Awards. He has stood up for civil rights and campaigned against cancer, AIDS, drunk driving and the plight of Ethiopians.

1950        Jun 23, Northwest Airlines Flight 2501, a DC-4 propliner operating its daily transcontinental service between New York City and Seattle, crashed into Lake Michigan killing 58 people. This was to date the worst commercial airliner accident in American history.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northwest_Orient_Airlines_Flight_2501)(AP, 3/30/11)

c1950        Guitarist Kenny Burrell (19) led a band at the Detroit Klein’s Showbar with Yusef Lateef and Tommy Flanagan.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.8)
1950        Eero Saarinen designed the General Motors Technical Center in Warren.
    (WSJ, 4/13/01, p.W17)
1950        The Wayne State Univ. Council of Deans renamed their former high school building to “Old Main."
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.10)
1950        William Pulte (1932-2018) founded Pulte Homes in Detroit. He built his first subdivision, Concord Green, in Bloomfield Hills, Mi., in 1959. In 1995 the company became the nation's largest home builder.
    (SSFC, 3/11/18, p.C9)
1950        General Motors agreed to free health-care coverage for life along with generous pensions. Chrysler and Ford were forced to offer similar benefits.
    (Econ, 6/6/09, p.61)

1950s        Lawrence Payton (d.1997 at 59) began singing with a group called the Four Aims (Payton, Levi Stubbs, Abdul “Duke" Fakir, and Renaldo “Obie" Benson). They sang backup for Billy Eckstine and signed with Motown Records, run by Berry Gordy, in 1963. Their songs included: “Baby I Need Your Loving," “Reach Out," and I Can’t Help Myself." In 2002 Geral Posner authored “Motown: Music, Money, Sex, and Power."
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A18)(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.M1)

1951        Oct 7, Will Kellogg (91), founder of Kellogg’s Corn Flakes, died in Battle Creek, Mich.
    (ON, 2/05, p.11)

c1951        Kenny Burrell (20) played with the Dizzy Gillespie band that included John Coltrane and Milt Jackson for a month. He turned down an offer to tour with the band and instead enrolled into Wayne State Univ. where he graduated with a Bachelor of Music degree in 1955.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.8)

1951-1967    Harlan H. Hatcher served as the 8th president of the Univ. of Mich. Under his tenure enrollment grew from 17,000 to 37,000 students. He had previously served as the vice-president of Ohio State Univ.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.6)

1952        Apr 12, A telephone strike was settled in Michigan but continued in Northern California for a 5th day.
    (SFC, 4/12/02, p.G6)

1952        Jul 3, Dr. Forest Dewey Dodrill (1902-1997) of Wayne State Univ. used a mechanical heart pump to operate on a patient at Detroit’s Harper Hospital. This was regarded as the world’s first successful use of a mechanical pump in open-heart surgery.

1952        Oct 24, Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower declared in Detroit, "I shall go to Korea" as he promised to end the conflict if elected. He made the visit over a month later.
    (AP, 10/24/07)

1953        Jan 17, GM introduced the first American sports car, the two-seater Corvette at the annual NYC Motorama Show at the Waldorf-Astoria. It was not made available for sale to the public until June 30th.

1953        Jun 8, A killer tornado hit Flint, Mich. It killed 116 people and injured more than 850 in Ohio and Michigan.
    (SSFC, 5/11/03, Par p.A11)(Hartford Courant, 6/9/63, p.23A)

1953        Jun 30, The first Corvette rolled off the Chevrolet assembly line in Flint, MI. The brainchild of designer Harvey J. Earl sold for $3,250. GM made 300 Corvettes in 1953 and moved production to St. Louis for 1954.
    (http://auto.howstuffworks.com/1953-corvette.htm)(WSJ, 7/12/02, p.W12)

1953        Dec 6, Thomas Hulce, actor (Amadeus, Equus, Echo Park), was born Plymouth, Mi.
    (MC, 12/6/01)

1953        Soupy Sales (1926-2009) began his “Soupy’s On" 5-day-a-week variety show in Detroit on WXYZ-TV. The theme song was Charlie Parker’s "Yardbird Suite." Many jazz giants played on his show but very little film footage survived. His “Lunch with Soupy Sales" went national in October 1959, on the ABC television network.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soupy_Sales)(DFP, 7/28/96, p.F1,8)(AP, 10/23/09)(SFC, 10/23/09, p.A8)

1953        Albert Cleage (1911-2000) formed the Central United Church of Christ, which he turned into the Shrine of the Black Madonna in the 1960s. Bishop Cleage changed his name to Jaramogi Abebe Agyeman in the 1970s and helped elect Mayor Coleman in 1973 through his Black Slate Inc. political organization.
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A19)

1953        The Univ. of Michigan College of Engineering launched a program to move the entire engineering community to an outlying area that became known as North Campus.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.7)

1954        Feb 26, Michigan Representative Ruth Thompson (R) introduced legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock and roll records.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1954        Mar 22, The 1st shopping mall opened in Southfield, Mich.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1954        Charles Diggs (d.1998 at 75) was elected to the House of Representatives from the 13th district (around Detroit) and stayed in congress for 25 years. In 1978 he was convicted of 29 counts of operating a payroll kickback scheme and was censured by the House. He was the first chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus and served from 1969-1971 and 1973-1978.
    (SFC, 8/27/98, p.C4)
1954        James Joseph Minder (24) and an accomplice robbed a branch of Manufacturers National Bank of $53,000. Minder later became known as the "Shotgun Bandit." Both were arrested after buying a new Lincoln with the stolen money. In 2004 Minder became chairman of Smith & Wesson Holding Corp. until news of his past became public.
    (WSJ, 3/8/04, p.A1)

1955        The Detroit Red Wings won the hockey Stanley Cup.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.A16)
1955        John Dingell (b.1926) won a special election in Michigan, following the death of his father, and succeeded him as a Democrat representative in the US Congress.
    (SFC, 12/16/05, p.A27)

1955        Dr. Adolfas Damusis (1908-2003), head of the American Lithuanian Roman Catholic Federation, founded Dainava, a Lithuanian youth camp in Manchester, Mich.

1956        Michigan State defeated UCLA at the Rose Bowl 17-14.
    (TOH, 1982, p.1956)
1956        Jerry Sacharski (1016-2009), summer baseball instructor, created a T-Ball league for kids in Albion, Mich.
    (WSJ, 3/7/09, p.A12)
1956        In Michigan Wayne Univ. became a full-fledged state university (WSU).
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.6)

1957        Feb 25, The US Supreme Court, in Butler v. Michigan, overturned a Michigan statute making it a misdemeanor to sell books containing obscene language that would tend to corrupt "the morals of youth."
    (AP, 2/25/07)

1957        Feb, Basil Hirschowitz (b.1925), South Africa born gastroenterologist, introduced the first prototype “fiberscope." He had begun work using glass fibers to transmit light in 1954 while at the Univ. of Michigan. Fiber optics later revolutionized telecommunications and surgery.
    (www.case.edu/artsci/dittrick/site2/museum/artifacts/group-d/fiberscope.htm)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.92)

1957        Sep 4, Ford Motor Co. introduced the 1958 Edsel. It was designed by Roy Brown and sold only 173,000 units through 1960.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, p.D12)(AP, 9/4/97)

1957        Sep 12, Detroit Mayor Albert Cobo died of a heart attack, just months before his last term in office would have ended.

1957        Jul 12, Charleszetta Waddles (d.2001 at 88)) founded the Mother Waddles Perpetual Mission in Detroit.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, p.D5)

1957        Nov 1, World longest suspension bridge opened in Mackinac Straits, Mich.
    (MC, 11/1/01)

1958        Jun 25, A four-day dedication of the Mackinac Bridge linking Michigan's upper and lower peninsulas began, even though the bridge had been open to traffic since November 1957.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

1958        Nov 18, The cargo freighter SS Carl D. Bradley sank during a storm in Lake Michigan, claiming 33 of the 35 lives on board.
    (AP, 11/18/08)

1958        The Lafayette Pavilion Apartments, a part of the Lafayette Park development in Detroit, Mich., was completed. The 78-acre urban renewal project, planned by Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig Hilberseimer and Alfred Caldwell, was originally called the Gratiot Park Development. It was built over the old neighborhood called Black Bottom. Chicago developer Herbert Greenwald (d.1959) assembled the team to demolish the build the project, which was completed in 1965. In 1966 the US national Park Service listed Lafayette Park on the national Register of Historic Places.
    (WSJ, 12/22/07, p.W12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette_Park,_Detroit)

1958        US Congress banned futures trading in onions to stop speculation on prices. Onion farmers had lobbied Michigan congressman Gerald Ford to ban trading in onion futures. They blamed speculators for the volatility in the crops’ prices.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, SR p.16)(Econ, 11/14/09, p.93)

1959        Mar 16, Michael J. Bloomfield, Major USAF, astronaut (STS 86), was born in Flint, Mich.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1959        Apr 25, St. Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opened to shipping.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)

1959        Motown Records was launched when Gwendolyn Gordy Fuqua (d.1999 at 71) and her sister Anna talked the Gordy family into loaning Berry Gordon $800 to make a master recording of singer Marv Johnson.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A22)

1959        Al Haber organized “Students for a Democratic Society." SDS held its first organizational meeting in 1960 at Ann Arbor, Michigan, where Robert Alan Haber was elected president. Its initial philosophy was embodied in the 1962 Port Huron Statement, principally written by Univ. of Michigan student Tom Hayden. In 2008 Harvey Pekar, Gary Dumm and Paul Buhle wrote, illustrated and edited “Students for a Democratic Society: A Graphic History."
    (SFC, 1/8/08, p.E2)(http://ma.essortment.com/sdsstudentsfo_rmsx.htm)

1959        The name Amway, an abbreviation for "American Way," was coined by founders Jay Van Andel (1924-2004) and Richard DeVos (1926-2018). They had begun their business in the 1950s using direct selling to market NUTRILITE Dietary Supplements. In 1959 they incorporated in Michigan and introduced a multi-purpose cleaner.
    (www.amway.com/en/History/history-10362.aspx)(SFC, 9/7/18, p.D2)

1960        Oct 14, The idea of a Peace Corps was first suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan.
    (AP, 10/14/97)

1960        The Old Main of Wayne State Univ. was reverted to classroom use after $389,000 in renovations.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)

1960        Thomas S. Monaghan and his brother bought a storefront pizza shop called Dominick’s in Ann Arbor. The name was later changed to Domino’s and grew to become a billion dollar operation.
    (WSJ, 6/21/00, p.A8)

1960        Stanford R. Ovshinsky and his wife Iris founded Energy Conversion Devices (ECD) in Rochester Hills, Michigan. In the 1980s the company introduced a nickel-metal hydride battery (NiMH) for consumer use and made it available for automobiles in the early 1990s. The technology made hybrid vehicles possible. By 2006 sales for the solar division, United Solar Ovonic, reached $90 Million.
    (WSJ, 10/13/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 11/27/06, p.A1)(Econ, 12/2/06, TQ p.33)

1961        Jan 15, The Supremes signed with Motown Records.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1961        Jun 11, Norm Cash became the 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1961        Jul 17, Ty Cobb (74), baseball great (Detroit Tigers), died of cancer.
    (MC, 7/17/02)

1961        Phil Frank began a daily cartoon for the State News, the student newspaper of Michigan State Univ.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.E2)

1962        Jan 30, Two members of the "Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit.
    (AP, 1/30/98)

1962        Mar 1, The first Kmart, a 60,000-sq.-ft. store, opened in Garden City, Mich. It was originally know as Kresge's, a five and dime store founded in 1899. The company was modernized under Harry B. Cunningham and re-opened as Kmart less than 30 miles from Kresge's headquarters in downtown Detroit.

1962        William Matney Jr. (d.2001 at 76) became the 1st black reporter and writer for the Detroit News. In 1963 he was recruited by NBC News as their 1st black correspondent.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A27)

1963        Jun, Martin Luther King led the “Walk to Freedom" in Detroit, Mic.
    (Econ, 10/10/15, p.84)

1963        Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr., former head of General Motors Corp., authored "My Life With General Motors."
    (F, 10/7/96, p.132)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.123)
1963        Profs. Emmett Leith and Juris Upatnieks, engineers at the Univ. of Michigan, created the 1st working hologram. Pieter van Heerden of Polaroid Research Labs pioneered the holographic principle.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.8)(Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.28)
1963        Dinah Washington (b.1924), known in the 50s as "Queen of the Harlem Blues," died of barbiturate poisoning in Detroit. In 2004 Nadine Cohodas authored “Queen: The Life and Times of Dinah Washington." 
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M1)
1963        GM introduced the Malibu, named after the California city, as a top line option on various 1964 Chevelles.
    (WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)
1963        GM opened a 380-acre assembly plant in Fremont, Ca., GM closed the plant in 1982.
    (SSFC, 2/28/10, p.D1)
1963        Studebaker halted production of cars in the US. 4,000 employees lost their company pensions. This led to the passage of the Employment Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) in 1974.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 2/14/02, p.B1)

1964        Feb 6, The WSJ reported in error that a group at Wayne State Univ. had begun a movement to "stamp out the Beatles." The group was actually from the Univ. of Detroit.
    (WSJ, 2/5/99, p.B1)

1964        Apr 17, Ford Motor Company unveiled its new Mustang model at the New York World’s Fair. The base price was $2,368. Donald Frey (d.2010 at 86), spearheaded the design and development of the car. Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1964 Mustang as the number 1 favorite car.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 3/30/10, p.C3)

1964        May 22, Pres. Johnson (LBJ) presented his “Great Society" speech at the Univ. of Mich.

1964        Jul 22, David Spade, an American actor, comedian and television personality, was born in Birmingham, Michigan. He first became famous in the 1990s as a cast member on Saturday Night Live, and from 1997 until 2003 starred as Dennis Finch on Just Shoot Me!.

1965        Mar 24, The Univ. of Michigan held the 1st "Teach-in" on the Vietnam war.

1965        Mar 25, Viola Liuzzo (b.1925), a white civil rights worker from Detroit, was shot and killed by the Ku Klux Klan on a road near Selma, Ala. The later trial of Collie Leroy Jenkins, one of 3 men charged in the killing, ended in a hung jury. Jenkins was also acquitted at a 2nd trial but was later convicted along with Eugene Thomas of civil rights violations in federal court and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viola_Liuzzo)(SSFC, 7/20/08, p.B6)

1965        Consumer advocate Ralph Nader published "Unsafe At Any Speed," a book criticizing the auto industry for knowingly producing unsafe cars and not installing proper safety devices. It specifically attacked the Chevrolet Corvair.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFEC, 10/13/96, Z1 p.3)

1966        Feb 17, Alfred P. Sloan Jr. (b.1875) former president GM (1923-1956), died. As president of GM he brought in corporate management, introduced the ideas of model changes and offering a car "for every purse and purpose." In 2002 David Farber authored "Sloan Rules."
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1966        Apr, The Regents of the Univ. of Mich. approved the creation of the Residential College. A special campus was envisioned but it opened in the East Quadrangle and stayed there.
    (LSA, Spg/97, p.11)

1966        Aug 7, There was a race riot in Lansing, Michigan.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1966        Oct 5, A sodium cooling system malfunction caused a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration breeder reactor near Detroit, Mich. Radiation was contained.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1966        Oct, The song “96 Tears" by the Mysterians Chicano band of Michigan hit No. 1 on the Billboard charts.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.36)

1966        Harry V. Mohney began his adult entertainment business with a single theater in Battle Creek, Mich. He built an empire on “peeps," 90 seconds of video-taped sex acts for a quarter.
    (SFC, 8/13/97, p.A10)
1966        In Michigan the Giant Uniroyal Tire was put on display off I-94 in Allen Park. The 80-foot tire had debuted in the 1964-1965 NYC world’s Fair as a Ferris wheel with 24 barrel-shaped gondolas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniroyal_Giant_Tire)(SFC, 5/26/15, p.D1)

1967        Feb 21, Ford recalled 217,000 cars to check brakes and steering.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1967        Jul 23, In Michigan the 12th Street Riot erupted in Detroit after police busted an unlicensed drinking and gambling joint.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algiers_Motel_incident)(Econ 7/29/17, p.27)

1967        Jul 23-1967 Jul 30, Racial riots in the city of Detroit left 43 dead, 2,000 injured and 5,000 homeless in the worst riot of the summer. The rioting, looting and burning was quelled with the arrival of 4,700 paratroops dispatched by President Lyndon Johnson. Nearly all of America's large cities were wracked by racial violence during the 1965-'68 period. The event inspired Rev. William Cunningham (d.1997 at 67) to found Focus: Hope, a volunteer project that grew to become one of the largest programs in the country dedicated to feeding and teaching job skills to the urban poor.
    (SFC, 5/29/97, p.C4)(HNQ, 7/11/98)(Econ 7/29/17, p.27)

1967        Jul 24, Race riots in Detroit forced the postponement of a Tigers-Orioles baseball game. [see Jul 23-30]
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1967        Jul 26, In Michigan three civilians were killed early today and nine others abused by a riot task force composed of the Detroit Police Department, the Michigan State Police, and the Michigan Army National Guard. Among the casualties were three black teenage boys killed at the Algiers Motel.

1967        Sep 4, Michigan Gov. George Romney told a TV interview he'd undergone a "brainwashing" by U.S. officials during a 1965 visit to Vietnam, a comment that apparently damaged Romney's bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1967        Nov 18, A Detroit newspaper strike began and shut down both daily papers for 267 days. The strike ended on August 9, 1968.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)(www.loc.gov/rr/news/chronological/exception_report.html)

1967        James M. Roche (d.2004) became chairman and CEO of General Motors. He stepped down as chairman in 1971.
    (SFC, 6/8/04, B7)

1968        Aug 9, The 267-day Detroit newspaper strike ended.

1968        James M. Roche, CEO of GM, and philanthropist Max Fisher founded the New Detroit organization to aid the city’s recovery from race riots.
    (SFC, 6/8/04, B7)

1968        The U of M Institute for Social Research (ISR) began its Panel Study of Income Dynamics, an annual study of the wealth, health and behavior of American families.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1968        Newton Glekel (1913-2007), NYC real estate lawyer and deal maker, purchased a controlling interest in Detroit-based Hygrade Food Products Co., maker of Ball Park hot dogs. He sold his stake to Britain’s Hanson Industries Inc. in 1976.
    (WSJ, 8/4/07, p.A4)

1969        Apr 10, Harley Jefferson Earl (1893-1969), American car designer, died. He was a Hollywood builder of custom cars and became GM’s VP of styling from 1940-1959. He was the first to introduce tail fins in 1948. His design philosophy was "You can design a car so that every time you get in it, it’s a relief--you have a little vacation for a while."
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(www.motorera.com/corvette/1950/vet56-1.htm)

1969        Jun 22, Aretha Franklin was arrested in Detroit for creating a disturbance.
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)

1969        The album “The Stooges" spent 11 weeks on the Billboard album chart peaking at No. 106. It included the song “I Wanna Be Your Dog," which became the group’s signature number. The punk band formed in Michigan in 1967 and included guitarist Ron Asheton (1948-2009), drummer Scott Asheton, singer Iggy Pop (born as Jim Osterberg) and bassist Dave Alexander. In 2007 Paul Trynka authored “Iggy Pop: Open Up and Bleed."
    (SFC, 1/8/09, p.B5)

1969        William Charles "Bill" Ayers (b.1944) co-founded the violent radical left organization Weather Underground Organization. As head of an SDS regional group in Detroit, the "Jesse James Gang", Ayers made decisive contributions to the Weatherman orientation toward militancy. He later became a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and was known for his work in school reform and community organizing.

1969        A year’s tuition at the Univ. of Michigan was $480. By 2008 it reached $9000.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.18)

1970        May, Leonard Woodcock (1911-2001) was named head of the UAW following the death of Walter Reuther. He was elected to a full term at the union's 23rd Constitutional Convention in April, 1972, and re-elected in 1974. He retired in May 1977 and then served as US ambassador to China from 1979-1981.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.C2)

1970        Jul, The U of M Board of Regents approved the organization of the Center for Afro-American and African Studies (CAAS). Prof. Harold Cruse was the 1st director.
    (LSA, fall/98, p.19,22)

1970        Aug 19, George Wright and three other men escaped from the Bayside State Prison farm in Leesburg, New Jersey. He became affiliated with an underground militant group, the Black Liberation Army, and lived for a while in a "communal family" with several of its members in Detroit.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

1970        Sep, Ford introduced the compact 1971 Pinto. The car became infamous for its lethally exploding gas tank. The car lasted to 1980.
    (www.allpar.com/amc/gremlin.html)(SFC, 3/14/05, p.A10)
1970        Sep, GM introduced the compact 1971 Chevrolet Vega. The car was released in 1971 and lasted to 1977. The aluminum and cast-iron engine kept breaking.
    (www.allpar.com/amc/gremlin.html)(SFC, 3/14/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)

1970        Dec 10, Ford elected Lee Iacocca (b.1924) as president.

1970        Joseph Sax (1936-2014), American legal scholar, established a doctrine that natural resources are public trust in an article published in the Michigan Law Review.
    (SFC, 3/21/14, p.D2)
1970        A Detroit singer named Sixto Diaz Rodriguez (b.1942 released his album, “Cold Fact." The album did not do well in the US but bootleg copies made it to South Africa and Australia and sold some half million copies. In 2012 Malik Bendjelloul directed the documentary “Searching for Sugar Man," about two men’s search for what happened to the singer. 
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixto_Diaz_Rodriguez)

1970s        Janet Good led a drive make sexual harassment illegal in Michigan. For this triumph she later won election into the Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.E4)

1970-1994    Richard H. Austin (d.2001 at 87) served as the Sec. of State. He created the nations 1st “motor voter" law (1975) that allowed voters to register to vote in the same place that they register to drive.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A17)

1971        Sep 9, Hockey legend Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings retired from the National Hockey League (NHL).

1971        Dec 9, Ralph J. Bunche (b.1903), Detroit-born 1st black US diplomat and UN delegate, died In NYC. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950.

1971        Dec 10, John Lennon made a public appearance at a benefit concert for poet John Sinclair who was in jail for possession of marijuana. Three days later Sinclair was released.
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.35)

1971        Dec 24, Jimmy Hoffa (1913-1975), Teamster union leader, was released from prison after President Nixon commuted his jail term.

1971        Prof. Carl Cohen of U of M published "Civil Disobedience."

1971        Rev. Leon Sullivan (1922-2001), a noted Philadelphia minister, became GM’s 1st black board member. In 1998 Sullivan authored “Moving Mountains."
    (SFC, 6/8/04, B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Sullivan)

1972        Jun 9, Joseph Brodsky (1940-1996), Russian poet, arrived in Ann Arbor, Mich., after being deported from the Soviet Union. He won the 1987 Nobel Prize in Poetry.
    (LSA, Fall/02, p.10)(www.nobelprizes.com/nobel/literature/1987a.html)

1972        Jul 31, George Wright, dressed as a priest and using an alias, hijacked a Delta flight from Detroit to Miami with four other BLA members and three children. They released 86 other passengers in exchange for a $1 million ransom and forced the plane to fly to Boston. There an international navigator was taken aboard, and the plane was flown to Algeria, where the hijackers sought asylum. Wright's associates were tracked down, arrested, tried and convicted in Paris in 1976. In 2011 Wright (68) was arrested in Portugal.

1972        Sep 7, The Commissioner of Indian Affairs in a memorandum extended federal recognition to the Chippewa tribe of Sault Ste. Marie in Northern Michigan. The meaning of this federal recognition was further clarified in a memorandum by the Associate Solicitor for Indian Affairs on February 27, 1974.

1972        The first volume of Michigan Flora by Dr. Edward Voss of the Univ. of Mich. was published.
    (GEG, 6/97, p.5)

1972        Ford became the first company to equip vehicles with air bags.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1973        Aug 7, Pat Halley (1950-2007), a Detroit reporter for the Fifth Estate, tossed a pie in the face of the teenage "Lord of the Universe" at a formal session of Common Council in protest of the Guru's claim of divinity. A week later Halley was savagely beaten and almost killed by two devotees of the Guru Maharaj Ji (15). Halley was released from Detroit General Hospital on Aug. 21 in good condition after undergoing surgery to repair a caved-in portion of his skull.

1973        Oct 12, President Nixon nominated House minority leader Gerald R. Ford of Michigan to succeed Spiro T. Agnew as vice president.
    (AP, 10/12/97)

1973        Nov 6, Coleman Young (1918-1997) was elected the first African American mayor of Detroit, Mich. He served 5 consecutive terms and chose not to seek re-election in 1993. During WW II he served with the Tuskegee Airmen and after the war founded the National Negro Labor Council. One of his major accomplishments was the integration of the Detroit police force.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.C10)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_23_98/ai_67185237)

1973        In Detroit  Wayne State Univ.’s Old Main’s powerhouse, obsolete since the 1930s, was demolished.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)
1973        Patricia Nevins of Michigan won the first US Ms. Wheelchair America pageant.

1974        Jan 2, Coleman Young (1918-1997) was inaugurated as mayor of Detroit. In 1973 he narrowly defeated Police Commissioner John F. Nichols, who would later become Oakland County Sheriff, to become Detroit's first African American mayor. Young won the four subsequent terms by very wide margins and continued in office until December, 1993.
    (WSJ, 5/28/98, p.A20)(www.biographybase.com/biography/Young_Coleman.html)

1974        Apr 3, A series of 148 deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored “F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the 20th Century."
    (AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1974        Knight Newspapers Inc. (Miami Herald) merged with Ridder Publications (Detroit Free Press).
    (SFC, 2/5/00, p.A19)

1975        Feb 25, Elijah Muhammad (b.1897 as Elijah Poole), US leader of the Detroit-based Nation of Islam and Black Muslims, died in Chicago. His son W. Deen Mohammed (1933-2008) was soon elected supreme minister of the Nation of Islam.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elijah_Muhammad)(USAT, 2/13/97, p.6D)(SFC, 2/28/00, p.A3)(SFC, 9/11/08, p.B5)

1975        Feb 28, AMC introduced the Pacer, the first wide, small car.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMC_Pacer)

1975        Jul 30, Former Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa disappeared from the parking lot of the Machus Red fox Restaurant in suburban Detroit. Although presumed dead, his remains have never been found. He was scheduled to meet with Mafia captain Tony Jack Giacalone (d.2001 at 82) and New Jersey Teamster boss Anthony Provenzano. In 2004 Charles Brandt authored “I Heard You Paint Houses," in which he says Teamster official Frank Sheeran (d.2003) claimed to have shot Hoffa. Hoffa was declared legally dead in 1982.
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(AP, 7/30/97)(SFC, 2/26/01, p.A24)(SFC, 5/29/04, p.A2)

1975        Jul 31, In 2006 Donovan Wells, a prisoner in Kentucky, said he witnessed a grave being dug for Jimmy Hoffa at a horse farm in Milford, Mich., that was owned by Rolland McMaster, a Teamster official. A search of the site proved fruitless.
    (SFC, 5/24/06, p.A5)(SFC, 5/30/06, p.A2)

1975        Nov 10, The ore-hauling, 729-foot ship "Edmund Fitzgerald" broke in half and sank during a storm at the eastern end of Lake Superior and its crew of 29 perished. Oglebay Norton Co., the ship's Cleveland-based owner, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2004. In 1976 Gordon Lightfoot’s song “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" went to #2 on the pop charts. In 2005 Michael Schumacher authored "Mighty Fitz," an examination of debates over what happened. In 2005 Michael Schumacher authored “Mighty Fitz," an examination of debates over what happened.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wreck_of_the_Edmund_Fitzgerald)(SFC, 2/24/04, p.B2)(WSJ, 11/5/05, p.P8)

1975        Nov 7, Hudson, Mich., High School under coach Tom Saylor set a record for consecutive wins by a high school football team at 72. In 1997 the Concord, Ca., De La Salle High School football team under coach Bob Ladoucer won their 73rd straight game and broke the 1975 record.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A1)

1975        The U of M Institute for Social Research (ISR) began a “Monitoring the Future" program. It was an annual survey of lifestyles, attitudes and substance abuse among teens and young adults.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1976        Feb 2, Susan LeFevre (21) escaped from a Michigan prison, where she was serving a 10-year sentence for a heroin conviction. In 2008 she was arrested in San Diego, where she lived as a suburban mother under the name Marie Walsh. In 2009 LeFevre (54) was released from prison in Michigan.
    (http://quintessentialprocrastinator.blogspot.com/2008/08/susan-lefevre.html)(SFC, 5/19/09, p.A5)

1976        The first official synchronized skating competition was held in Ann Arbor, Mich.
    (SFC, 2/23/09, p.E7)

1977        May 23, The US Supreme Court in Abood v Detroit Board of Education ruled that states could allow unions to collect compulsory fees to support negotiations over workplace matters like wages and benefits.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abood_v._Detroit_Board_of_Education)(Econ, 1/16/16, p.34)

1977        Sep 13, General Motors introduced 1st US diesel auto, the Oldsmobile 88.

1977        The Ford F-Series pickup truck became the best-selling vehicle in the US.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1977        Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1977 Lincoln Versailles as the number 8 worst American-made car.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1977        Jeep, a division of American Motors, launched a 4-door Cherokee, a forerunner of the SUV boom.
    (WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)

1978        Jul 13, Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II. Iacocca later joined Chrysler as its president.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl.)(AP, 7/13/97)

1978        Aug 28, Bruce Catton (b.1899), US historian, died in Frankfort, Michigan. He won a 1954 Pulitzer Prize for history for his book “A Stillness at Appomattox," his study of the final campaign of the war in Virginia.

1978        In Detroit, Mich., the North Cass Community Union, which organizes the Dally in the Alley every year, formed to save the beautiful buildings in the Wayne State Univ. area from demolition. “The Dally’s a great mix of old and new," says Alan Franklin of the Layabouts, a band that has played the festival since the early years. The union bought a plot of land near Second and Hancock and planned on rebuilding the Horace Dodge Garage, a Michigan historic landmark built in 1904 where Dodge, Henry Ford’s chief engineer, worked on his first motor car.   

1978        Thomas Bonner became president of Wayne State Univ.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.6)

1979        Jan 25, Assembly line worker Robert Williams (25) was killed by a malfunctioning robot at the (then) Ford Motor Casting Plant in Flat Rock, Michigan. Williams died instantly by the robot’s arm as he was gathering parts in a storage facility where the robot was too slow in its retrieval work. Williams’ family was later awarded $10 million in damages.

1979        Mar 26, In the 41st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship the Michigan State Spartans beat the Indiana State Sycamores, 75-64, as Magic Johnson outscored Larry Bird, 24-19; this snapped Indiana State's 33-game win streak. In 2009 Seth Davis authored “When March Went Mad: The Game That Transformed Basketball."
    (http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/moments/9903.html)(WSJ, 3/20/09, p.W10)

1979        May 19, The Regents of the Univ. of California asked General Motors to stop doing business with the police and military forces in South Africa.
    (SFC, 5/14/04, p.F5)

1979        Sep 20, John Riccardo stepped down as Chrysler’s chairman and was succeeded by Lee Iacocca.
    (WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A14)(www.scripophily.net/chcoca19.html)

1979        Oct 1, Henry Ford II stepped down as Ford’s chairman and CEA and was succeeded by Philip Caldwell (b.1920).

1979        Oct 10, Paul Paray (b.1886), French composer, died at age 93. He was the resident conductor of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (1951-1962) for more than a decade.

1979        Oct 25, In Michigan US District Court Judge John Feikens, in Glover v. Johnson, ruled in favor granting women prisoners a constitutional right to court access and to parity in educational and vocational training. He granted declaratory and injunctive relief to the plaintiffs, holding: 1) that the educational and vocational programs offered to women inmates were markedly poorer than those offered to male inmates and this parity denied equal protection; 2) that the record demonstrated the constitutional inadequacy of the assistance given by the state to ensure the free exercise of the women inmates’ right of access to the courts; and 3) that the state’s use of a county jail as a temporary overflow facility was prohibited by the mandate of the state legislature setting the minimum conditions of confinement.
    (LSA, Fall, 2007, p.44)(http://clearinghouse.wustl.edu/detail.php?id=767)

1979        Nov, Ford bought a 25% stake in Toyo Kogyo (later Mazda).

1979        The 1980 film "Somewhere in Time" with Christopher Reeve and Jane Seymour was filmed at the Grand Hotel on Mackinaw Island, Mich.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, Par p.24)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.C1)
1979        The U of M Institute for Social Research (ISR) began its National Survey of Black Americans
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)
1979        Parke-Davis sold its property in Detroit, including the Research Laboratory, to the Stroh family of Stroh Brewery Company. The Stroh River Place complex was converted into offices, retail space, residences, and a hotel known as Riverwalk Hotel Detroit.
1979        In Michigan Kimberly King (12) disappeared in Macomb Township. In 2008 the remains of Cindy Zarzarzycki (13) were found in the same suburban Detroit area. In 2018 investigations resumed in the disappearance of up to seen girls in the same area.
    (SFC, 5/15/18, p.A6)

1979-1980    A recession hit Michigan.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.6)
1979-1983    Ford Motors during this period closed 13 factories and dropped its work force from 191,000 to 101,000 people.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1980        Feb 25, Robert Hayden, American poet and educator, died in Ann Arbor, Mich. Hayden had studied under W.H. Auden at the Univ. of Michigan. In 1976 Pres. Gerald Ford appointed him the 1st African-American consultant in poetry to the Library of Congress, a post that later became known as Poet Laureate.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Hayden)(LSA, Fall/02, p.7)

1980        Jul 16, Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.
    (AP, 7/16/97)

1980        Jul 17, Ronald Reagan formally accepted the Republican nomination for president.

1980        Rev. Jacob Yasso of Detroit’s Sacred Heart Church on Seven Mile Rd. met with Saddam Hussein in Iraq. Hussein soon sent $1.5 million to help cover debts, and to build a social hall and day-care center.
    (WSJ, 3/26/03, p.A1)

1981        Jan 1, Roger Smith (b.1925) took office as chairman and CEO of GM.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(http://tinyurl.com/2pvqps)

1981        Mar 13, In the Poletown case the Michigan Supreme Court allowed Detroit to take 1,000 homes and 600 businesses to make way for a General Motors Corp. plant. The decision was overturned in 2004 when the court ruled that state and local governments may not take property from one private owner and give it to another purely for the purpose of economic development.
    (WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A6)(www.hoover.org/publications/policyreview/2920831.html)

1981        Sep 18, The $11 million Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum was dedicated in Grand Rapids, Mich.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, p.T8)(AP, 9/18/01)

1981        The Layabouts of Detroit, Mich., is not so much band as a community of musicians who hold similar beliefs about the state of the World. They express this by composing and performing music of their own making, meaningful lyrics set to a beat that set your feet a-dancin'. Rock, reggae, ska - lyrics that'll make you want to pull down the pyramid of authority while you gyrate to a beat that is in harmony with the Universe.

1981        Primark Corp. was formed as a holding company to diversify Michigan Consolidated Gas. Co. It acquired a trucking co., a mortgage banking co., an aircraft leasing co. and other operations. Exec. VP Joseph E. Kasputys joined the company in 1987 and spun off most of the operations and went into high powered computer-system integration. In 1992 the company acquired Datastream Int’l. of London, and in 1995 it acquired Disclosure Inc. Both companies provided public company information.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.B6)

1982        Jun 10, The Jos. Schlitz Brewing Company and the Old Milwaukee brand was acquired by Stroh Brewing Company of Detroit. The Old Milwaukee brand was first brewered by the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company.

1982        Jun 11, In Michigan Eve August (24), a law intern, was fatally shot at a law office in Detroit’s Buhl Building. Robert Harrington, a disgruntled insurance salesman, demanded a check he hadn't received. When he didn't like the reply, he started shooting in a 90-minute rampage that left August dead and dozens injured from gunfire or the fire that followed.
    (SFC, 10/30/13, p.A9)(www.legalnews.com/detroit/1350541)

1982        Jun 19, In a case that galvanized Asian-Americans, Vincent Chin (27), a Chinese-American engineering student, was beaten to death outside a nightclub in Highland Park, Mich., by autoworker Ronald Ebens. Two unemployed auto workers mistook Chin for being Japanese. Each one was sentenced to 3 years probation.
    (AP, 6/19/97)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)

1982        David Adamany was selected as the new president of Wayne State Univ.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.5)

1983        Brock Yates authored “The Decline and Fall of the American Automobile Industry.
    (WSJ, 11/5/05, p.P8)

1983        The J.L. Hudson department store in downtown Detroit, Mi., closed. The structure was imploded in 1998. In 2017 the Bedrock real estate firm, belonging to businessman Dan Gilbert, broke ground on a new block-long building on the site.
    (Detroit Free Press, 11/26/19, p.11A)

1983        GM increased the focus on trucks and discontinued the Malibu, introduced in 1963, after 6.5 million units were sold. The Malibu was reintroduced in 1997.
    (WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)

1984        Jan 24, Michelle Jackson (16) was raped and murdered. Eddie Joe Lloyd, a mental patient, confessed and was sent to prison. Lloyd (54) was released after 17 years when DNA evidence proved his confession to be false.
    (SFC, 8/27/02, p.A4)

1984        Mar 20, An indictment was unsealed against Denny McLain, former Detroit Tiger pitching star, on various charges of racketeering.  McLain was named in all the indictment's five counts, which accused him of racketeering, conspiracy, extortion, possession and distribution of cocaine, and conspiracy to import cocaine. He would face up to 90 years in prison if convicted of all the charges.

1984        Jul 21, In Jackson, Michigan, a male die-cast operator (34) was pinned by a hydraulic Unimate robot. He died after 5 days.

1984        Oct 14, In the Baseball World Series the Detroit Tigers beat the San Diego Padres.

1984        Chrysler introduced the Dodge Caravan, its first Minivan.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1984        GM and Toyota established a joint venture to build cars in Fremont, California.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1984        GM helped originate a jobs bank in which employees continued to be paid even though the company did not need them. Volunteer activity or clocked-in presence in a “rubber room" was required.
    (WSJ, 3/1/06, p.A1)

1984        Chippewa Indians opened the Kewadin Casino in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
    (MT, Fall ‘96, p.20)

1985        Nov 12, The Unabomber mailed a pipe bomb to Prof. James V. McConnell of Ann Arbor, Mich. 3 days later research assistant Nick Suing opened the package and was injured by the exploding bomb.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1985        The second volume of “Michigan Flora" by Dr. Edward Voss of the Univ. of Mich. was published.
    (GEG, 6/97, p.5)

1985        Dr. Michael Aldrich (d.2000 at 51) established a Sleep Disorders Laboratory at the Univ. of Michigan.
    (SFC, 7/24/00, p.A21)

1985        At WSU the College of Labor, Urban and Metropolitan Affairs was established. The College of Fine and Performing Arts was separated from the Liberal Arts and later joined by the dept. of communication.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.6)

1985        Ford Motor Co. premiered the Taurus. Production of the car was terminated in 2006.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 10/20/06, p.D3)

1986        Dec 17, A federal jury in Detroit cleared automaker John DeLorean of all 15 charges in his fraud and racketeering trial.
    (MC, 12/17/01)

1986        In Detroit, Mich., Tyree Guyton (30) began an art project covering a 2-block area on Heidelberg Street. His own house was decorated and became known as the Dotty Wotty House. In 1991 the city ordered the demolition of 4 houses that he had decorated. In 1997 45% of his work fell to a city demolition effort. His work continued and attracted visitors from around the world.
    (SFC, 9/1/06, p.E8)(Econ, 12/19/09, p.56)

1986        A monument to boxer Joe Lewis, "The Fist," was installed in downtown Detroit. It consisted of an 8,000-pound, 24-foot-long disembodied black forearm and clenched hand.
    (WSJ, 3/4/04, p.A1)

1986        David Barrett, East Lansing musician, wrote the words and music to the song “One Shining Moment." It premiered in the 1987 NCAA basketball finals.
    (WSJ, 4/4/03, p.B1)

1986        In Battle Creek public tours were ended at the Kellogg Cereal plant due to safety concerns. A new public museum was opened in 1998.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98,  p.T7)

1986        In Detroit the Olympia Ice stadium was razed.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.A16)

1986        The zebra mussel was introduced to the Great lakes by Russian freighters in 1986. [see 1988]
    (WSJ, 9/27/00, p.A1)

1987        Mar 9, Chrysler Corp. announced it had agreed to buy the financially ailing American Motors Corp.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

1987        Aug 16, In Michigan 156 people were killed when Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashed while trying to take off from a Detroit airport; the sole survivor was 4-year-old Cecelia Cichan. The MD-80 plane hit a freeway overpass in Romulus following takeoff.
    (AP, 8/16/97)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A12)(AP, 5/15/13)

1987        Sep 29, Henry Ford II (70), longtime chairman of Ford Motor Company, died in Detroit.
    (AP, 9/29/97)

1988        Jan 11, Alexandria, Danielle, Erica, Raymond and Veronica L'Esperance, the first US test tube quintuplets, were born in Royal Oak, Michigan.

1988        Mar 26, Jesse Jackson stunned fellow Democrats by soundly defeating Michael S. Dukakis in Michigan's Democratic presidential caucuses.
    (AP, 3/25/98)

1988        Jun 21, The Los Angeles Lakers repeated as NBA champions as they beat the Detroit Pistons, 108-105.
    (AP, 6/21/98)

1988        Jul 31, The last US Playboy Club closed in Lansing, Mich.

1988        The Fox Theater reopened in downtown Detroit.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.27)

1988        The Detroit Pistons basketball team opened their new Palace of Auburn Hills with 180 luxury suites.
    (WSJ, 10/10/97, p.B1)

1988        The zebra mussel first appeared in the US. It is capable of laying up to 5 million eggs per year. The European freshwater mussel was introduced into the Great Lakes. It proceeded to spread to 18 states and 3 Canadian provinces clogging water intake pipes at power plants and water facilities. [see 1986]
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A3)(SFC,12/11/97, p.A24)

1989        Apr 3, The University of Michigan Wolverines won the NCAA championship by defeating Seton Hall in overtime, 80-79.
    (AP, 4/3/99)

1989        Jun 13, The Detroit Pistons won their first National Basketball Association title, sweeping the Los Angeles Lakers in four games.
    (AP, 6/13/99)

1989        Dec 15, GM and SAAB agreed to form a 50-50 joint auto-making company, called Saab Automobile A.B. GM acquired the rest of SAAB a decade later.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oktgl)(Econ, 1/31/09, p.72)

1989        Ford Motor Co. spun off its Rouge steel complex.
    (WSJ, 6/9/04, p.A8)

1989        General Motors under Roger Smith began production at its free-standing Saturn division in Spring Hill, Tenn.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.62)(http://tinyurl.com/rtgoa)

1989        The U of M Institute for Social Research (ISR), began its World Values Survey to be conducted every 5 years.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1990        Mar 3, Carole Gist (20) of Michigan was 1st black crowned 39th Miss USA.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1990        Mar, GM and SAAB completed setting up a joint auto-making venture in Europe. They had agreed on Dec. 15, 1989, to form a 50-50 joint auto-making company, called Saab Automobile A.B.

1990        Jun 4, Janet Adkins (54) of Portland, Ore., became the first person to use a suicide machine developed by Dr. Kevorkian.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)

1990        Jun 5, Authorities in Oakland County, Michigan, moved to prevent Dr. Jack Kevorkian from continuing to make available a suicide device that Janet Adkins, an Oregon woman diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, had used a day earlier to take her own life.
    (AP, 6/5/00)

1990        Jun, In Michigan Dr. Jack Kevorkian asked Janet Good (d.1997 at 73) if he could use her house for his first assisted suicide. She initially said ok but after conferring with her husband, a retired police officer, declined the request on the grounds that it might be illegal.
    (SFC, 8/27/97, p.A9)

1990        Jul 30, GM’s first Saturn car rolled off the line at Spring Hill, Tennessee. In the fall, GM introduced its all-new Saturn cars to compete against the imports in the small car market. Roger Smith, GM’s CEO, announced the secret Saturn project in 1985 in order to "leap-frog" the Japanese car makers.

1990        Aug 1, Robert Stempel took charge at GM.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(http://tinyurl.com/q8mqs)

1990        Aug 30, Edmund G. Love (b.1912), Michigan-based writer, died in Flint. His book ''Subways Are for Sleeping'' (1957) was the basis for the Broadway musical (1961).
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.34)(http://tinyurl.com/c6rqnh)

1990        Dec 3, A Northwest Airlines DC-9 collided on the ground with a Northwest Boeing 727 at Detroit Metropolitan Airport, resulting in a fire that claimed eight lives.
    (AP, 12/3/00)

1991        Feb 5, A Michigan court barred Dr. Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.
    (MC, 2/5/02)

1991        May 14, General Motors ended production of the Buick Reatta, a two-seater sports car that had been introduced in 1988.
    (WSJ, 6/23/08, p.R2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buick_Reatta)

1991        Jun 28, In Detroit, a white woman was attacked by a group of black women at a downtown fireworks display in an incident captured on amateur video. Five women later pleaded no contest to charges stemming from the assault.
    (AP, 6/28/01)

1991        Oct 23, Dr. Jack Kevorkian attended the suicide machine assisted deaths of 2 women in Michigan.

1991        Nov, Michigan suspended the medical license of Dr. Kevorkian.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)

1991        Charles D. Moody, Univ. of Michigan vice-president for minority affairs, led a delegation to bestow an honorary doctorate to Nelson Mandela. It had been awarded in absentia in 1990.
    (MT, Fall/99, p.16)
1991        Richard DeVos (1926-2018), the Michigan-based co-founder of direct-selling giant Amway, bought the Orlando Magic basketball team from a group led by Orlando real estate developer William du Pont III (b.1952).
    (SFC, 9/7/18, p.D2)

1992        May 7, A 203-year-old proposed constitutional amendment barring the US Congress from giving itself a midterm pay raise received enough votes for ratification as Michigan became the 38th state to approve it.
    (AP, 5/7/97)

1992        Nov 5, Malice Green (35), a black motorist, died when he was beaten by Detroit police officers outside a suspected crack house. Larry Nevers and Walter Budzyn were convicted of second-degree murder, but the Michigan Supreme Court ordered a new trial for Budzyn, saying jurors were improperly influenced. Their convictions were overturned. Budzyn was retried and convicted in 1998 and then sentenced to time served. Nevers was retried in 2000 and convicted of involuntary manslaughter. Nevers was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/5/97)(SFC, 3/28/00, p.A5)(SFC, 4/19/00, p.A8)(SFC, 5/17/00, p.A8)

1992        Michigan voters passed a term limits law that restricted state representatives to 6 years and state senators to 8 years in office.
    (WSJ, 6/30/99, p.A1)

1992        Michigan State began its Michigan Political Leadership Program.
    (WSJ, 6/30/99, p.A1)

1992        The U of M Institute for Social Research (ISR) began its Health and Retirement study and the study of Assets and Health Dynamics, biannual surveys that tracked the health, wealth, work and family relationships of Americans over 50.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1993        Aug 2, In a dramatic scene shown on national television, Jessica, a 2 1/2-year-old girl at the center of a custody battle, was removed from the Michigan home of Jan and Roberta DeBoer and turned over to her biological parents, Dan and Cara Schmidt of Iowa.
    (AP, 8/2/98)

1993        Aug 17, A prosecutor in Wayne County, Mich., charged Dr. Jack Kevorkian under Michigan's ban on assisted suicide for aiding in the death of Thomas Hyde, who suffered from Lou Gehrig's disease. A jury later acquitted Kevorkian. Kevorkian provided patients means and assistance in dying and Michigan’s legislature moved to outlaw his work.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1993)(AP, 8/17/98)

1993        Aug 23, Former Detroit police officers Larry Nevers and Walter Budzyn were convicted of second-degree murder in the fatal beating of black motorist Malice Green. Both convictions were later overturned. On retrial, Budzyn was convicted of involuntary manslaughter and sentenced to time served; Nevers was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in April 2000, but had that conviction reversed by an appeals court in March 2003.
    (AP, 8/23/03)

1993        Dennis Archer succeeded Coleman Young as mayor of Detroit.
    (WSJ, 5/28/98, p.A20)

1993        The Univ. of Michigan began publishing its American Consumer Satisfaction Index. George Katona began the consumer surveys began in 1946.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.79)(http://tinyurl.com/33oozk)

1994        Jan 6, Figure skater Nancy Kerrigan was clubbed on the leg by an assailant at Cobo Arena in Detroit. (Four men, including the ex-husband of Kerrigan's rival, Tonya Harding, were later sentenced to prison.) Heavy snow fell on the city.
    (AP, 1/6/98)(SFC, 1/4/99, p.A5)

1994        Jan 8, Tonya Harding won the ladies' U.S. Figure Skating Championship in Detroit, a day after Nancy Kerrigan dropped out because of a clubbing attack that injured her right knee. The U.S. Figure Skating Assn. later stripped Harding of the title because of her involvement in the attack.
    (AP, 1/8/98)

1994        May 2, Dr. Kevorkian was acquitted of violating a 1992 law against assisted suicide.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)(MC, 5/2/02)

1994        Aug 30, Rosa Parks, who helped touch off the civil rights movement in 1955 by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala., was robbed and beaten in her Detroit apartment. Joseph Skipper later pleaded guilty to assault and robbery and was sentenced to prison.
    (AP, 8/30/99)

1994        Nov 26, Margaret Garrish, a 72-year-old Detroit woman, committed suicide in the presence of Dr. Jack Kevorkian.
    (AP, 11/26/99)

1994        A $41.9 million budget for renovation of Old Main was allocated by the state.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.11)

1994        A law was passed that said school employees who strike lose a day's pay in addition to being fined a day's pay.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A3)

1995        Mar, In Mich. Jonathan Schmitz shot and killed Scott Amedure 3 days after the 2 appeared on the "Jenny Jones Show," where Schmitz learned that his secret admirer was Amedure. Schmitz was convicted of murder in 1996 but the verdict was overturned due to an error in jury selection. Schmitz was sentenced to a 25-50 year prison term. In 1999 a jury pronounced a $25 million verdict against the producers of the show in a wrongful death suit by the family of  Amedure. In Aug 1999 a 2nd jury convicted Schmitz of murder. Judge Wendy Pots sentenced Schmitz to 25-50 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/2/99, p.A3)(SFC, 5/8/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/99, p.A13)(SFC, 9/15/99, p.A6)

1995        Jul 13, In Michigan six union locals, representing some 2,500 workers of the Detroit Free Press, Detroit News and Detroit newspapers Inc., went on a strike that lasted 19 months.
    (AP, 7/13/00)(www.pww.org/archives96/96-07-13-3.html)

1995        Jul 26, Former Michigan Governor George W. Romney died at age 88.
    (AP, 7/26/00)

c1995        Frederik Meijer, grocer and entrepreneur, began his Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park in Grand Rapids, Mich. In 2004 the park drew some 600,000 visitors.
    (WSJ, 4/19/05, p.D8)

1995        Upjohn Co. of Kalamazoo merged with Pharmacia AB of Sweden to form Pharmacia & Upjohn. Fred Hassan was called in to lead the new company.
    (WSJ, 2/2/99, p.B1)

1995        An Asian beetle, fatal to North American ash trees, arrived in the US about this time. It was 1st noticed in 2002 and by 2005 had killed some 15 million ash trees in Michigan. Ohio, Indian, and southern Ontario were also affected. Infested trees died within 4 years.
    (SSFC, 12/25/05, p.A25)

1996        Feb 1, Lee C. Bollinger began his term as the 12th president of the Univ. of Mich.
    (LSA, Spg/97, p.36)

1996        Feb 14, The newspapers unions in Detroit offered to return to work. The newspapers accepted the offer 5 days later but vowed to retain some 1200 replacement workers. A 1997 ruling ordered as many as 1,100 former strikers reinstated.
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A4)

1996        Mar 8, Dr. Jack Kevorkian was acquitted of assisted suicide for helping two suffering patients kill themselves.
    (AP, 3/8/01)

1996        May 14, A jury in Pontiac, Mich., acquitted Dr. Jack Kevorkian of assisted-suicide charges, his third legal victory in two years. The judge dismissed murder charges in the same case.
    (AP, 5/14/97)(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)

1996        Oct 31, In Pontiac, Mich., Dr. Jack Kevorkian was charged with assisting three suicides since June 1996. He was later acquitted.
    (AP, 10/31/97)
1996        Oct 31, In Pontiac, Mich., Jenny Jones testified at the trial of one of her talk show guests, Jonathan Schmitz, who was accused of killing another guest, Scott Amedure in March, 1995.
    (AP, 10/31/97)

1996        Nov 12, In Pontiac, Mich., Jonathan Schmitz, a guest on "The Jenny Jones Show," was convicted of second-degree murder for shooting Scott Amedure, a gay man who'd revealed a crush on Schmitz during a taping of the program. Schmitz was later convicted and sentenced to up to 50 years in prison but the conviction was thrown out due to a jury dispute and the trial was reset for Aug, 1999.
    (AP, 11/12/97)(WSJ, 5/10/99, p.B8)

1996        The third volume of Michigan Flora by Dr. Edward Voss of the Univ. of Mich. was published.
    (GEG, 6/97, p.5)

1996        Wayne State Univ. presented Matel Dawson Jr. (76), a Ford Motor rigger/forklift driver, an honorary degree after Dawson contributed $200,000 for scholarships. Since 1991 Dawson had contributed some $800,000 to colleges, churches and charities from his earnings and investments.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Par p.20)

1996        Irwin H. “Sonny" Bloch (d.1998), radio host, was sentenced to 21 months in prison for evading taxes. He had bilked some $21 million from hundreds of radio listeners by persuading them to buy worthless securities.
    (SFC, 7/14/98, p.A17)

1997        Jan 9, A Comair Brazilian made Embraer 120 commuter plane crashed 18 miles southwest of Detroit and killed all 29 onboard. Icing was blamed for the crash.
    (SFC, 8/28/98, p.A7)(AP, 1/9/99)

1997        Feb 19, Detroit's daily newspapers accepted a back-to-work offer from employees who'd been on strike for 19 months, but the strikers charged the conditions for return amounted to a lockout.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1997        Apr 12, The new $38.4 million Museum of African American History was scheduled to open in Detroit at 315 E. Warren Ave. with a 16,000-sq.-foot core exhibit. The building was paid for by a city-backed bond issue but the collection was started by Dr. Charles Wright.
    (Sky, 4/97, p.28)(SFEC, 2/23/97, p.T7)(WSJ, 9/30/97, p.A20)

1997        Jun 19, Three teenagers from Highland Township and Davisburg hopped a train and got off in Flint. They ran into some strangers who shot, raped and robbed them. One boy (15) was killed. Six people were later arrested.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A2)

1997        Jun, The Detroit Red Wings won the hockey Stanley Cup in 4 games against the Philadelphia Flyers.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.A16)

1997        Jun, Dr. Kevorkian was again accused of assisted suicide. A mistrial resulted.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)

1997        Jul 3, Severe thunder storms tore through Michigan’s lower peninsula and killed at least 7 people.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A3)

1997        Jul 22, Some 2,800 UAW workers went on strike at a GM plant in Warren.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A3)

1997        Jul 27, The 6-day-old GM strike in Michigan ended.
    (SFC, 7/28/97, p.A3)

1997        Jul 29, In Concord Township 9 children and 2 women were killed in a collision between a pickup and dumptruck.
    (SFC, 7/30/97, p.A3)

1997        Aug 13, In Detroit Yolanda Bellamy was slain with 2 young sons, a niece and a nephew. A suspect was later arrested and jumped from a 5th floor police station window. He was critically injured.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A3)

1997        Apr 18, The Wayne State Univ. Alumni Assoc. handed Pres. David Adamany an endowment check for $1 million.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.4)

1997        Jul 27, United Auto Workers approved a deal to end a six-day strike at a General Motors parts plant that forced four assembly plant shutdowns and threatened GM's entire North American production.
    (SFC, 7/28/97, p.A3)(AP, 7/27/98)

1997        Aug 25, Dr. Irvin Reid was selected as the next president of Wayne State Univ. to succeed David Adamany.
    (WSUAN, V.52, 1997, p.2)

1997        Sep 19, Lee C. Bollinger, the 12th president of U of M cited 5 principles to guide choices in the years ahead: 1) Suspension of Belief 2) Publicness 3) Faculty Autonomy 4) Transparent Administration 5) Making Our History Visible.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.5)

1997        Sep 23, The Gilmore Artist Award, a $300,000 prize given every 4 years to a classical pianist, was awarded to Norwegian pianist Leif Ove Andsnes at the Irving S. Gilmore Int’l. Keyboard Festival in Kalamazoo, Mich.
    (SFC, 9/24/97, p.E5)

1997        Oct 22, In Detroit the Gem Theater / 20th Century Club, a 2,750 ton building, was moved 5 blocks through downtown to make room for a new ballpark. It set a new record as the heaviest building moved.
    (SFC,10/23/97, p.A17)

1997        Nov 29, Coleman Young (b. May 24, 1918 in Tuscaloosa, Ala.- d. Nov 29, 1997), former mayor of Detroit (1973-1993), died. The city's first black mayor held office for an unprecedented five terms.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.C10)(AP, 11/29/98)

1997        Dec 13, A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held in Los Angeles for the $1 billion Getty Center, one of the largest arts centers in the United States.
    (AP, 12/13/98)

1997        Dec 13, Michigan Wolverine Charles Woodson was named winner of the Heisman Trophy, the first primarily defensive player so honored.
    (AP, 12/13/98)

1997        Dec 24, A fire in Detroit killed four children of the Buchanan family.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A3)

1997        The renovation of Old Main at Wayne State Univ. was completed.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)

1997        The Islamic Center of America finished phase one of a project that would include a new $15 million mosque on 9.8 acres on Altar Rd. in Dearborn. It was scheduled for completion in 2004.
    (WSJ, 4/7/99, p.B10)

1997        A jury convicted Denny McLain, former Detroit Tiger pitcher, and his business partner of stealing $3 million from a pension fund.

1997        GM reintroduced the Malibu in an effort to regain sales in the midsize sedan market. It had been discontinued in 1983.
    (WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)

1997        Nathaniel Abraham (11) shot and killed Ronnie Greene Jr. (18) with a stolen rifle outside a Pontiac convenience store. The killing was random and Abraham was charged with 1st degree murder. In 2000 Abraham was sentenced to a juvenile detention center until age 21.
    (SFC, 1/14/00, p.A3)

1998        Jan 1, The 109th Rose Bowl Parade in Pasadena was held and Univ. of Michigan beat Washington State 21-16.
    (SFC, 1/2/98, p.A1,22)

1998        Feb 17, In Detroit a landlord paid an arsonist (35) a Rottweiler dog for setting a fire to get rid of a family on her property. The fire killed 4 children.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A3)

1998        Feb 25, Harlan H. Hatcher, President Emeritus of the Univ. of Mich., died at age 99. He wrote several books on the history of the Great Lakes region.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.6)

1998        Apr 9, Detroit passed a casino plan. The $1.8 billion plan still required state approval.
    (WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A1)

1998        Apr 19, A small plane crashed on the west side of Detroit. It was reported to have contained cash and marijuana that neighbors quickly picked up. The pilot was believed to be Douglas C. Dufresne (66) of Florida.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A4)

1998        May 2, Police fired tear gas into a crowd of 3,000 students at Michigan State Univ. who were protesting the end of drinking at Munn Field.
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.3A)

1998        Jun 1, A new $22 million Kellogg’s Cereal City USA opened in Battle Creek. It was owned by the non-profit Heritage Center Foundation.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98,  p.T7)

1998        Jun 16, The Detroit Red Wings took home the Stanley Cup for the second consecutive year after completing a sweep of the Washington Capitals with a 4-1 victory in game four.
    (AP, 6/16/03)

1998        Jul 7, Michael Jackson and Detroit millionaire Don Barden announced a plan for a $1 billion casino-entertainment complex. Mayor Archer was opposed to the casino plan.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.A3)

1998        Jul 26, In Michigan 3 spectators were killed and 6 people injured at the US 500 Race in Brooklyn.
    (WSJ, 7/27/98, p.A1)

1998        Jul 28, General Motors and the UAW agreed tentatively to settle strikes at two parts plants in Flint.
    (SFC, 7/29/98, p.A1)

1998        Jul 29, GM workers began returning to their jobs after ratifying a strike settlement.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A3)

1998        Aug 4, Geoffrey Fieger, a defense lawyer for Dr. Jack Kevorkian, won the Democratic nomination for governor.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A5)

1998        Sep 17, Dr. Kevorkian videotaped the injection death of Thomas Youk.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)

1998        Oct 5, Rick Wagoner became the president of General Motors.
    (WSJ, 3/30/09, p.A5)

1998        Nov 25, In Michigan a prosecutor brought charges of first-degree murder against Dr. Jack Kevorkian  for administering a lethal injection last Sept. to a terminally ill man who wished to die. A charge of assisted suicide was later dropped.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A1)(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)

1998         Nov 29, In Muskegon, Mich., Seth Stephen Privacky (b.1980) shot a killed his father (50), mother (49), grandfather (78), brother (19) and brother’s girlfriend, April A. Boss (19). Privacky pleaded no contest to the charges and was sentenced to life in prison on May 27, 1999. Privacky confessed that he committed the murders because his father had threatened to kick him out of the house. Privacky was shot killed during a failed prison escape attempt on July 15, 2010.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A4)(http://murderpedia.org/male.P/p/privacky-seth.htm)

1998        Nov, In Kalamazoo Bradford Metcalf (48), a militia member, was convicted of weapons and conspiracy charges against the federal government. In 1999 he was sentenced to 40 years in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 5/26/99, p.A3)

1998        Dec 10, In Detroit Andrzej Olbrot (52), a Wayne State Univ. engineering prof., was shot and killed while administering final exams. A 48-year-old graduate student turned himself in the next day.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.A2)

1998        Dec 12, In Osseo, Mich., a fireworks explosion at the Independence Professional Fireworks building killed at least 7 people.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.A34)

1998        Dec 27, In Michigan 6 children of Femeeka O'Steen (27) died of smoke inhalation in Detroit as their mother recovered in a hospital after giving birth.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A2)

1998        Dec 30, In Grand Rapids a fire killed 5 people including 2 children.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.A2)

1998        “The Other Side of the River: A Story of Two Towns, A Death and America’s Dilemma" by Alex Kotlowitz was an account of the death of Eric McGinnis, a black boy who drowned in a river that divides St. Joseph from Benton Harbor.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, BR p.1)

1998        Thomas S. Monaghan sold his Domino’s Pizza chain for some $1 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/21/00, p.A1)

1999        Jan 2, In Chicago about 22 inches of snow fell on the city and across the northern Midwest. In Detroit some 4,000 travelers were stranded in planes on the tarmac for as long as 9 hours.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A5)(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A3)

1999        Jan, The little black book of a Huntington Woods madam with 7,000 names was released on CD-ROM. Marci Devernay (33) employed at least 25 male and female prostitutes and faced up to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A3)

1999        Feb 1, In Dearborn, Mich., an explosion at a Ford River Rouge power station killed one worker and injured 12 others. The Rouge power plant explosion killed 6 workers and shut it down for 3 months.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/9/04, p.A8)

1999        Feb 20, It was reported that Gov. John Engler planned to improve education in Detroit by asking the legislature to abolish the elected school board and to give Mayor Archer the power to appoint a new one.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A4)

1999        Mar 25, The Legislature approved a plan to replace the elected school board of Detroit with a panel appointed by the mayor.
    (SFC, 3/26/99, p.A3)

1999        Mar 26, In Michigan Dr. Kevorkian was convicted of 2nd degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 29, In Michigan 5 people died in Osseo following an explosion and fire at the Independence Professional Fireworks Co.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.A2)

1999        Apr 3, In Detroit 3 barbecue restaurant employees and a child were found fatally shot at the Prestige Restaurant.
    (SFC, 4/5/99, p.A5)

1999        Apr 13, Judge Jessica Cooper sentenced Dr. Kevorkian to 10-25 years in prison. He planned to appeal the sentence which would require him to serve over 6 years before being eligible for parole.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)

1999        Apr 14, In Michigan Dr. Kevorkian said that he would begin to refuse food immediately.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.A3)

1999        Apr 26, Detroit and Wayne County filed suits for over $800 million against 35 manufacturers, distributors and sellers of firearms.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A3)

1999        May 7, A jury in Pontiac, Mich., announced a $25 million verdict against the producers of the Jenny Lind TV Show over the 1995 segment that led to the murder of Scott Amedure by Jonathan Schmitz. Amedure, a gay man, was shot to death after revealing a crush on Jonathan Schmitz, a fellow guest on the talk show. However, the Michigan Court of Appeals later overturned the award, and the Michigan Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal.
    (SFC, 5/8/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/10/99, p.B8)(AP, 5/7/04)

1999        May 23, A house fire in Crystal Township left 2 adults and 4 teenage boys dead. Christopher W. Simmons (17) escaped.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A6)

1999        Jun 11, Timothy Boomer (25) was found guilty of swearing after tipping his canoe on the Rifle River in 1998. The 1897 law was declared unconstitutional in 2002.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A2)(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A3)

1999        Jun, Cheryl L. Johnson (1950-2007), a nurse at the Univ. of Michigan, and Susan Bianchi-Sand were among the co-founders of the United American Nurses union (UAN). During the week of June 17-20, ANA's House of Delegates (HOD) voted in Washington, DC, to create the United American Nurses (UAN), a labor entity within ANA that will further strengthen its labor activities.
    (WSJ, 11/10/07, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/2tvqo9)

1999        Jul 24, Two girls, 8 & 14, were raped and left for dead in Thetford Township. Jack Duane Hall (34) escaped arrest July 26 after shooting at officers.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A3)

1999        Jul 29, The MGM Grand Detroit Casino opened in downtown Detroit in a former IRS building. It was the 1st of 3 planned temporary casinos. It closed in 2007 just before the opening of a new $800 million MGM Grand across the street.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D5)(WSJ, 9/26/07, p.B1)

1999        Jul 31, In Cottrellville Township 10 people died from a skydiving plane crash shortly after takeoff from Marine City Airport, 40 miles north of Detroit.
    (SFEC, 8/1/99, p.A5)

1999        Aug 14, The Kellogg Co. announced the closure the historic South Plant in Battle Creek and a cut of some 550 jobs.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A4)

1999        Aug 30, Detroit's teachers called a strike despite a state law that barred strikes.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A3)

1999        Aug 31, Detroit’s teachers went on strike, wiping out the first day of class for 172-thousand students in one of the largest teachers’ strikes in years. The walkout lasted nine days.
    (AP, 8/31/00)

1999        Sep 6, Detroit's teachers reached a tentative agreement and won smaller classes and raises of up to 4%. The union represented 9,200 teachers and  some 172,000 students were affected. The teachers ratified the contract two days later.
    (AP, 9/6/00)(SFC, 9/7/99, p.A5)

1999        Sep 27, Tiger Stadium closed in grand fashion after 87 years as the Tigers beat the Kansas City Royals, 8-to-2.
    (AP, 9/27/00)

1999        Oct 11, In Michigan police reported that 5 suspects were taken into custody for holding and raping 4 girls for 2 weeks. The victims and suspects were all Laotian Americans from of Hmong ethnic background.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A7)

1999        Oct 12, Professors Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman of the Netherlands won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of mathematical tools to calculate properties of fundamental particles. From 1981 to his retirement in 1997, Veltman was an active member of the Univ. of Michigan physics department.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A2)(MT, Fall/99, p.7)

1999        Oct 26, Gerald "Ajax" Ackerman (42), former mayor of Port Huron, was sentenced to a year in prison for 9 counts of indecent exposure to underage girls.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A7)

1999        Nov 10, In Flint, Michigan, a boiler exploded at the Clara Barton Convalescence Center. 5 people were killed and over 20 injured.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.A9)

1999        Nov 16, Nathaniel Abraham, at 13 one of the youngest murder defendants in US history, was convicted in Pontiac, Michigan, of second-degree murder for shooting a stranger outside a convenience store with a rifle when he was eleven. Nathaniel was sentenced to juvenile detention. He will be released Jan. 13, 2007, when he turns 21.
    (AP, 11/16/04)

1999        Dec 7, In Detroit a man was arrested on rape charges and suspected of being responsible for 8 rapes of school girls since Sep.
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A13)

1999        Dec 31, An arson attack of the genetic research building at Michigan State University caused $3.7 million in damages. Frank Ambrose of Detroit later admitted to the arson and went undercover for investigations of eco-terrorism. In 2008 Ambrose was sentenced to 9 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A7)(www.earthfirstjournal.org/article.php?id=409)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A3)

1999        Dec, In Detroit the MotorCity Casino opened at a former wonder Bread factory.
    (SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A18)

1999        The film "For Love of the Game" starred Kelly Preston and Kevin Costner as a big-league Detroit Tigers pitcher. It was directed by Sam Raimi.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, DB p.50)(SFC, 9/17/99, p.C1)
1999        Dr. John Shuey died and his wife Rose donated their 46-work modern art collection to the Cranbrook Art Museum.
    (WSJ, 3/12/02, p.A24)
1999        The Stroh Brewing Company of Detroit was sold to Pabst and Miller.
    (SFC, 7/2/16, p.E3)

2000        Jan 26, Solomon Bell (38), a police officer in Oak Park, committed suicide in the 6-week-old MotorCity Casino after he lost a high-stakes hand of blackjack.
    (SFC, 1/28/00, p.A5)

2000        Feb 4, The Ford Motor Co. said it would provide new PCs and a printer with Internet access to its 300,000 employees at $5 per month over 3 years.
    (SFC, 2/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 22, Sen. John McCain beat Gov. George W. Bush in the Michigan primary 50-43% and in the Arizona primary 60-30%.
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 29, In Michigan a 6-year-old boy shot and killed Kayla Rolland (6) with a .32 caliber semiautomatic after a quarrel in the Theo J. Buell Elementary School in Flint. Jamelle James (19), the owner of the stolen gun, was later arraigned on a manslaughter charge.
    (SFC, 3/1/00, p.A1)

2000        Mar 15, In Michigan 4 teens beat to death and robbed Willie Jones (66) as he left the Michigan Lanes Bowling Alley in Grand Rapids. The teens then stuffed Jones into their car trunk and drove around town to show him off.
    (SFC, 3/20/00, p.A11)

2000        Apr 6, In Michigan a house fire in Royal Oak Township resulted in the deaths of five kids under the age of 21. Juwan Deering Deering was convicted in 2006 and given a life sentence after being charged with one count of arson and five counts of first-degree murder. In 2021 his conviction and life sentence were vacated after a review of case files found that jailhouse informants that provided testimony that led to his jury conviction in exchange for reduced sentences and plea bargains were not disclosed to prosecutors or the court.

2000        Apr 11, The Detroit Tiger baseball season began in the new Comerica Park. The Park received $110 million in public funds. It had the deepest fences in baseball.
    (WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 3/31/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/12/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 12, Detroit police arrested John Eric Armstrong (26), a suspected serial killer. Armstrong was reported to be responsible for killing some 20 prostitutes since 1992, when he served in the US Navy aboard the Nimitz.
    (SFC, 4/14/00, p.A16)

2000        Apr 18, In Michigan Kenneth Ray Miller (55), a tenant at a senior apartment house in Lincoln Park, shot and killed 2 women after he was summoned to discuss complaints about his vulgar language. A 3rd woman died days later.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A3)(SFC, 4/22/00, p.B10)

2000        May 27-29, The Detroit Electronic Music Festival was held in Hart Plaza.
    (SFC, 5/29/00, p.E7)

2000        Jun 1, Rick Wagoner, the president of General Motors, was named CEO of GM.
    (WSJ, 3/30/09, p.A5)

2000        Jun 13, A power outage hit downtown Detroit at 12:45 p.m. due to a burned out cable at a power station. Power was restored by early the next day.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A11)

2000        Jun 20, General Motors broke ground on a $1 billion assembly and parts plant in Delta Township.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.C7)

2000        Jun 22, Frederick Finley died from a security officer’s choke hold in Dearborn. Finley’s 11-year-old daughter had been accused of stealing a $4 bracelet and Finley punched the guard who tried to detain her.
    (SFC, 7/7/00, p.A9)

2000        Nov 22, Douglas Hermelin, real estate developer and US ambassador to Norway (1997-1999), died at age 63. He was one of the developers of the Palace of Auburn Hills and developed the Pine Knob Entertainment Center and the Meadow Brook Music Center.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D11)

2000        Nov, In Detroit a casino, 90% owned by the Sault St. Marie Chippewa Indians, opened in Greektown.
    (SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A19)

2000        Dec 12, General Motors, under new CEO Rick Wagoner, announced a restructure and planned phase out of the Oldsmobile vehicle division following a long slide in  sales.
    (WSJ, 12/12/00, p.A3)(SFC, 12/13/00, p.a3)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)

2000        Dec 13, A federal judge upheld the Univ. of Michigan’s affirmative action program citing diversity as a critical component of higher education.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.A5)

2000        Dec 16, Federal prisoner Theodore Kaczynski (58), aka the Unabomber, donated his writings to a special collection at the Univ. of Michigan, where he received his doctorate in 1977. Kaczynski had graduated from Harvard in 1962.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/12, p.A7)

2001        Feb 1, Tony and Linda Calliea claimed their Big Game lottery win for $107 million. They selected a $57.7 lump sum option.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A2)

2001        Feb 23, Anthony Giacalone, Detroit mobster, died at age 82.
    (SFC, 5/3/01, p.B7)

2001        Mar 27, A US federal judge ruled that the Univ. of Michigan racial criteria for accepting minority students with lower test scores than whites was invalid.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A3)

2001        Jul 1, A state law went into effect that allowed virtually any gun owner to carry a concealed weapon in public.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C6)

2001        Jul 12, Charleszetta Waddles, aka Mother Waddles, died in Detroit at age 88. She was the founder of the Mother Waddles Perpetual Mission in 1957.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, p.D5)

2001        Jul 14, In Riverview an explosion at the ATOFINA Chemicals plant killed 3 employees.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A11)

2001        Aug 31, Grover T. Crosslin (47), owner of the Rainbow Farms campground in Vandalia, Mich., set fire to the structures on his property.

2001        Sep 3, FBI snipers shot and killed Grover T. Crosslin (47) at his Rainbow Farms campground in Vandalia, Mich., following a 4-day standoff. Crosslin was burning buildings on his property, which was the target of civil forfeiture proceedings. In 2006 Dean Kuipers authored “Burning Rainbow Farm: How a Stoner Utopia Went Up in Smoke."
    (http://cannabisnews.com/news/17/thread17211.shtml)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.M3)

2001        Sep 4, Police shot and killed Rolland Rohm (28) at the Rainbow Farms campground in Vandalia, Mich., after he allegedly pointed a weapon at an officer. The campground had been set up for marijuana advocates. Owner Grover T. Crosslin was killed by FBI snipers a day earlier.
    (SFC, 9/5/01, p.A5)(http://cannabisnews.com/news/17/thread17211.shtml)

2001        Sep 21, Ronald C. Sheffield, a federal security officer was shot and killed in the Patrick V. McNamara building in Detroit. The gunman was seriously wounded.
    (SFC, 9/22/01, p.A20)

2001        Oct 23, The tugboat J.W. Westcott II rolled over and sank in the Detroit River and 2 crew members were missing and feared drowned.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.C14)

2001        Oct 25, The Ford Motor Co. reached a settlement that would cost as much as $2.7 billion to replace a $4 ignition device prone to cause stalling.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 4, Ian Wallace attempted to firebomb 2 buildings at Michigan Tech. Univ. in Marquette, Mi., but his devices failed. In 2009 he was sentenced to 3 years in prison. In 2008 Wallace admitted in his plea agreement to three other acts, including the destruction of 500 research trees at a federal lab in Rhinelander, Wis., in 2000. The value of the trees was estimated at $1 million.
    (SFC, 3/24/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/db4zpf)

2001        Nov 15, Two trains collided 25 miles northwest of Detroit and 2 crew members were killed.
    (WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A1)

2002        Jan 17, Stewart Richardson took off from his figurine shop in White Lake and took with him over $225,000 in cash from fraudulent eBay auctions. He had spent 5 years dealing collectibles on eBay.
    (WSJ, 2/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 5, In Mount Pleasant Thomas Wendt shot and killed his ex-wife and 2 others at the Isabella County Courthouse parking lot. Wendt later surrendered at his home.
    (SFC, 3/6/02, p.A5)

2002        Mar 18, Maud Farris-Luse, recognized as the oldest living person, died in Grand Rapids at age 115 years and 56 days.
    (SFC, 3/21/02, p.A21)

2002        Apr 1, The 1897 law against swearing in front of women and children was declared unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 4/2/02, p.A3)

2002        Jun 13, The Detroit Red Wings won the Stanley Cup 4 games to 1 over the Carolina Hurricanes.
    (WSJ, 6/14/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 16, Stephen P. Yokich (66), UAW president, died in Detroit.
    (SFC, 8/19/02, p.B6)

2002        Aug 28, Federal grand juries charged six men in Detroit with conspiring to support al-Qaeda's terrorism as members of a sleeper cell.
    (AP, 8/28/03)(SFC, 8/29/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 5, Michigan voters elected Democrat Jennifer Granholm (43) as governor.
    (NW, 12/30/02, p.62)

2002        Dec 27, Gov. Engler of Michigan signed a bill eliminating mandatory minimum sentences for drug crimes.
    (WSJ, 12/30/02, p.A1)

2002        Kwame Kilpatrick took office as mayor of Detroit. His promises included a massive cleanup of dilapidated properties, technological upgrade of city services and tough but fair relationship with unions.
    (WSJ, 1/27/05, p.A8)
2002        In Michigan the emerald ash borer, a flying metallic green beetle, was discovered. It destroyed healthy ash trees in 3-5 years and by 2013 had spread to at least 17 other states.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.34)

2003        Jan 16, The Bush administration urged the Supreme Court to strike down admissions policies at the University of Michigan and its law school, arguing that university admissions programs that gave an edge to minority students were unconstitutional.
    (AP, 1/16/04)

2003        Jan 18, Edward Farhat (b.1924), pioneering pro wrestling villain (the Sheik), died in Williamstown, Mich.
    (SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A25)

2003        May 16, Michigan state and federal police began investigations of Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick on criminal misconduct charges that included leaving the scene of an accident.
    (SFC, 5/17/03, p.A3)

2003        Jun 3, Jurors in Detroit convicted Abdel-Ilah Elmardoudi and Karim Koubriti of supporting planned terrorist strikes. Their case began 6 days after the Sep 11, 2001 attacks.
    (SFC, 6/4/03, p.A3)

2003        Jun 23, The US Supreme Court, in Grutter v. Bollinger, upheld a University of Mich. law school admissions policy that gave minorities an edge, ruling 6-3 that race can be one of many factors that colleges consider when selecting their students. A point system for undergraduate admission was ruled unconstitutional.
    (AP, 6/23/03)(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A1)

2003        Jun 30, Joseph P. Overton (b.1960), a Senior Vice President of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, died from injuries suffered in crash while piloting an ultralight aircraft near Caro, Michigan. He had described an approach to identifying which ideas define the domain of acceptability within a democracy's possible governmental policies. The Overton window, also known as the window of discourse, is the range of ideas tolerated in public discourse.

2003        Aug, Toyota sold more cars in America than did Chrysler.
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.82)

2003        Oct 9, The Detroit Symphony Orchestra dedicated its new $60 million Max M. Fisher Center, which included a restored and remodeled Orchestra Hall.
    (SFC, 10/9/03, p.F2)

2003        Oct 20, Kirk Jones (40) from Canton, Michigan, survived a 150-foot plunge over the fast-flowing Canadian side Niagara Falls, only to face charges of mischief and unlawfully performing a stunt. Jones said he was driven by depression, not a desire to become a daredevil. A 7-year-old boy who went over in 1960, unlike Jones, was wearing a lifejacket. Since 1901, 15 daredevils have taken the plunge in barrels or other devices, including a kayak and a personal watercraft. Ten survived,
    (AP, 10/21/03)

2003        Nov, A new $17 million Holocaust Museum was to be dedicated in Farmington Hills.
    (WSJ, 10/8/03, p.A1)

2003        Nov 5, Bobby Hatfield (63), the tenor half of The Righteous Brothers, who made "You've Lost That Lovin' Feeling" a worldwide hit, was found dead in a Kalamazoo, Mich., hotel. An autopsy revealed that his death was triggered by acute cocaine intoxication.
    (AP, 11/6/03)(SFC, 1/8/04, p.E5)

2003        Dec, Severstal, a Russian steel firm, purchased the assets of Rouge Industries for $285 million in a bankruptcy auction.
    (WSJ, 6/9/04, p.A1)

2003        Micheline Maynard authored "The End of Detroit: How the Big Three Lost Their Grip on the American Car market."
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.82)

2003        Compuware, a computer-services company, relocated from the suburbs of Detroit to the downtown area on Woodward near the river.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.27)

2004        Jan 19, Gov. Granholm announced initiatives, the Michigan Water Legacy Act, to protect the state's water supply and the Great Lakes.
    (USAT, 1/20/04, p.12A)

2004        Feb 7, John Kerry scored decisive wins in Michigan and Washington state.
    (AP, 2/8/04)

2004        Mar 4, Michigan authorities asked 6 southeastern counties to evaluate damage done by the emerald ash borer. The pests had already killed some 6 million ash trees.
    (USAT, 3/5/04, p.9A)

2004        Apr 29, GM ended production of its Oldsmobile line (b.1897), named after Ransom E. Olds. The last Olds Alero rolled of a GM assembly line in Lansing, Mich.
    (SFC, 4/28/04, p.C1)

2004        May 20, Detroit Zoo officials said they will stop exhibiting elephants on ethical grounds because elephants can develop arthritis and stress-related ailments in captivity.
    (Reuters, 5/20/04)

2004        Jun 15, The Detroit Pistons beat the Los Angeles Lakers 100-87 in Game Five of the NBA Finals for their first championship in 14 years.
    (SFC, 6/16/04, p.D1)(AP, 6/15/05)

2004        Aug 18, Two campers were found slain in their sleeping bags at Fish Head Beach in Sonoma Ct., Ca. Lindsay Cutshall (22) of Fresno, Ohio, and Jason Allen (26) of Zeeland, Mich., were found with gunshots to the head on a Jenner beach. Both were believed to have been killed after nightfall on August 14.  They had planned a wedding for next month. On March 24, 2017, Shaun Gallon (38) of Forestville killed his younger brother, was swiftly arrested and confessed enough to tie him to the 2004 Jenner beach murders. In 2018 Gallon was charged with the Jenner beach murders. In 2019 Gallon pleaded no contest to his crimes and was sentenced to three life terms in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenner,_California_Double-Murder_of_2004)(SFC, 8/21/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/6/17, p.A1)(SFC, 5/17/18, p.D1)(SFC, 6/14/19, p.C3)(SFC, 7/16/19, p.A8)

2004        Nov 12, Former President Gerald R. Ford attended groundbreaking ceremonies at the Univ. of Michigan for the new home of the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy.
    (SFC, 12/27/06, p.A11)

2004        Nov 19, In Auburn Hills, Mich., players and fans exchanged punches in one of the worst NBA brawls ever. Indiana Pacers’ Ron Artest and Stephen Jackson charged into the stands and fought with fans and forced an early end to the Pacers' 97-82 win over the Pistons win with 45.9 seconds left.
    (AP, 11/20/04)

2004        Nov 20, The NBA suspended 9 players without pay over the Nov 19 Piston and Pacer brawl in Auburn Hills, Mich.
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.34)

2004        Dec, Detroit’s Cass Corridor held its annual Miss Cass Pageant for women with developmental disabilities.
    (WSJ, 12/17/04, p.A1)

2004        The murder rate in Detroit rose to 384 killings for 2004.
    (WSJ, 1/27/05, p.A8)

2005        Jan, Detroit’s Mayor Kilpatrick (34) asked citizens to make great sacrifices due to a $230 million budget deficit. Meanwhile he leased a new luxury Lincoln Navigator for his family’s use.
    (WSJ, 1/27/05, p.A1)

2005        May 5, The Arab-American National Museum opened across from City Hall in Dearborn, Mich.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.E6)(http://tinyurl.com/ajzhu)

2005        May 12, The Islamic Center of America, a $12 million mosque, opened in Dearborn, Mich., down the road near the world headquarters of the Ford Motor Co.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.E6)(www.icofa.com/)

2005        Jun 21, In Detroit a blaze destroyed a sprawling, century-old warehouse on Piquette St. that once was used to produce Studebaker cars.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

2005        Aug 10, A fire destroyed an egg facility in Michigan and killed some 250,000 chickens.
    (WSJ, 8/11/05, p.A1)

2005        Aug 14, It was reported that the Detroit area had more than 12,000 abandoned homes, a byproduct of decades of layoffs at the city's auto plants and white flight to the suburbs.
    (AFP, 8/14/05)

2005        Sep 3, In Michigan an explosion at a rural farm home in Caledonia township killed 6 siblings aged 2-19, visiting from out of state.
    (SFC, 9/5/05, p.A3)

2005        Sep, The FBI raided the home of spammer Alan M. Ralsky (60) in a Detroit suburb seizing financial records, computers and disks. Ralsky has said that he has 150 million or more e-mail addresses, and he has been a target of anti-spam efforts for years.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 2, In New York the 40-foot boat the Ethan Allen capsized on Lake George over so quickly that none of the 47 passengers from Michigan could put on a life jacket. 20 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/3/05)

2005        Oct 17, General Motors Corp. and the United Auto Workers reached a tentative agreement that will help the embattled automaker lower its health care costs even as GM reported a whopping $1.6 billion loss for the third quarter.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 24, Rosa Parks (92), who galvanized the civil rights movement in 1955 when she was jailed for refusing to give up her bus seat in Montgomery, Ala.,  died at her home in Detroit. Her arrest triggered a 381-day boycott of the bus system organized by a then little-known Baptist minister, the Rev. King, who later earned the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.
    (AP, 10/25/05)

2005        Nov 8, In Hillsdale, Michigan, unofficial results showed that Michael Sessions (18) got 732 votes, compared with 668 for Mayor Doug Ingles (51). Once his victory is certified and he's sworn in - the ceremony is set for Nov. 21 - he may be the youngest mayor in the USA.
    (USAT, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Argentine prosecutors said a Hezbollah militant has been identified as the suicide bomber who flattened a Jewish community center in 1994, killing 85 people in Argentina's worst terrorist attack. Hussein Berro, a 21-year-old Lebanese citizen who "belonged to Hezbollah," was driving the van packed with explosives July 18, 1994. He was identified by friends and relatives in Detroit, Mich., from a photograph.
    (AP, 11/9/05)

2005        Nov 18, Ford Motor Co., said it plans to eliminate 4,000 salaried jobs, or 10% of its North American white-collar work force, as part of a larger restructuring plan.
    (Reuters, 11/18/05)

2005        Nov 21, General Motors Corp. said it will eliminate 30,000 jobs and close nine North American assembly, stamping and powertrain plants by 2008 as part of an effort to get production in line with demand and position the world's biggest automaker to start making money again after absorbing nearly $4 billion in losses so far this year.
    (AP, 11/21/05)

2005        Dec 8, Scientists said as wetlands disappear and shorelines are degraded, the Great Lakes are losing their ability to cope with environmental stress and ward off a catastrophic breakdown.
    (CP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 12, A fire at a nursing home in Ishpeming, northern Michigan, forced dozens of elderly people into the snow and bitter cold, including many who were unable to walk and wearing only nightclothes. Two people died and at least 70 were injured.
    (WSJ, 12/13/05, p.A1)

2006        Feb 2, The Vatican announced that Pope Benedict XVI has accepted the resignation of an auxiliary bishop of Detroit, Thomas Gumbleton, a liberal voice in the US church who recently revealed that a priest abused him 60 years ago.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Feb 5, In Detroit, Mich., the Pittsburgh Steelers won the Super Bowl over the Seattle Seahawks 21-10.
    (AP, 2/6/06)

2006        Feb 7, General Motors Corp., under shareholder pressure to return to profitability, announced it is cutting in half its yearly dividend to $1 a share and reducing the salaries of its chairman and senior leadership team.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 26, In Italy Sweden beat rival Finland 3-2 for the Olympic men's hockey gold medal. Sweden took advantage by scoring twice, with both goals by Detroit Red Wings players: Henrik Zetterberg slightly less than five minutes into the period and Niklas Kronwall eight minutes later.
    (AP, 2/26/06)

2006        Mar 22, General Motors Corp. and the auto parts supplier it once owned, Delphi Corp., announced deals with the United Auto Workers that would offer buyouts to 13,000 hourly Delphi employees and up to 100,000 hourly GM workers represented by the United Auto Workers.
    (AP, 3/22/06)

2006        Mar 23, General Motors Corp. said that it is raising nearly $9 billion in cash by selling a majority interest in its commercial mortgage division and sprucing up the finances of the auto loan and insurance business the struggling automaker is still trying to sell.
    (AP, 3/23/06)

2006        Apr 11, In Michigan Proof (Deshaun Holton), a member of rap group D12 and a close friend of Eminem, was shot to death early today at a Detroit nightclub along Eight Mile Road. Keith Bender, shot by rapper Proof (32), just before Proof himself was killed, died of his wounds on April 18.
    (AP, 4/11/06)(AP, 4/18/06)

2006        Apr 14, Russia's OAO GAZ automaker agreed to buy DaimlerChrysler AG production lines in suburban Detroit and move them to Russia, where it will produce DaimlerChrysler cars under license.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        May 19, In Detroit 12 people died over the last 2 days from an overdose of a drug called fentanyl that was considered 80 times more powerful than morphine. Some fentanyl was being mixed with heroine. Officials reported over 100 confirmed overdose cases from the drug since last fall.
    (SSFC, 5/27/06, p.A21)

2006        May 30, The FBI said it had found no trace of Jimmy Hoffa after digging up a suburban Detroit horse farm.
    (AP, 5/30/07)

2006        Jun 26, GM said that 35,000 workers had accepted incentives to retire early.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.55)(http://tinyurl.com/e6ddb)

2006        Jul 3, Nissan Motor Co. approved opening talks with General Motors Corp. over a possible alliance.
    (AP, 7/3/06)

2006        Aug 9, In Ohio Osama Sabhi Abulhassan (20) and Ali Houssaiky (20), both of Dearborn, Mich., were charged with money laundering in support of terrorism after authorities said they found airplane passenger lists and information on airport security checkpoints in their car.
    (AP, 8/9/06)

2006        Aug 11, In Michigan 3 Palestinian American men from Texas were arrested after buying dozens of cell phones at a Wal-Mart store. They were found with a 1000 cell phones and later charged with federal fraud conspiracy and money laundering. Initial terrorism charges were dropped.
    (SFC, 8/17/06, p.A3)

2006        Sep 5, Bill Ford stepped down as CEO of Ford Motor Co. and was replaced by Alan Mulally, a top Boeing executive.
    (SFC, 9/6/06, p.C3)

2006        Sep 15, US automaker Ford Motor Co. unveiled sweeping job cuts and plant closures to stem losses and said it has no intention of selling its luxury brand Jaguar. Ford said it would cut 10,000 more white-collar positions, up from a previous goal of 4,000, and offer buyout and early retirement to all 75,000 hourly employees. Ford stock closed at $8.02.
    (AFP, 9/15/06)(SFC, 9/16/06, p.C1)(WSJ, 9/16/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep, In Kenya farmers in the Machakos region built small dams and water retention ponds on the Ikiwe River with some $70,000 in aid from people in Archbold, Ohio. The Archbold Mennonite Church project was part of Foods Resource Bank, a Michigan-based hunger fighting organization that connects urban churches with rural farm groups.
    (WSJ, 4/23/07, p.A1)

2006        Oct 7, The NY Yankees were eliminated from the first round of the AL playoffs, losing to Detroit 8-3 in Game 4. It was the second straight year New York lost in the opening round.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 14, The Detroit Tigers won the American League baseball pennant race in 4 games over Oakland, Ca.
    (SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 23, Ford Motor Co. posted a 3rd quarter loss of $5.8 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/24/06, p.A3)

2006        Oct 27, In Missouri the St Louis Cardinals won the World Series by beating the Detroit Tigers 4-2 in game 5, claiming their first MLB crown in 24 years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/06)

2006        Oct 30, A new ranking compiled by Morgan Quitno Press listed St. Louis as the most dangerous city in the USA, leading a trend of violent crimes rising much faster in the Midwest than in the rest of nation. The study looked at crime only within St. Louis city limits, with a population of about 330,000 under Mayor Francis Slay. The safest city in 2005 was Brick, N.J., with a population about 78,000, followed by Amherst, N.Y., and Mission Viejo, Calif. The second most dangerous city was Detroit, followed by Flint, Mich., and Compton, Calif.
    (AP, 10/30/06)

2006        Nov 17, Bo Schembechler (b.1929), former Univ. of Michigan football coach, died in Southfield, Mich.
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 29, Still losing money after job and factory cuts, Ford Motor Co. said 38,000 workers, almost half of its hourly production force, had accepted buyouts or early retirement offers.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2006        Dec 15, Laura Dickinson (22), was found dead in her dorm room at Ypsilanti’s Eastern Michigan Univ. Officials said she died of asphyxiation with no sign of foul play. In February Orange Taylor III was arrested and charged with her murder and family members learned that she had been raped and killed. In July 3 school administrators including the president were ousted for covering up the rape and murder and received $550,000 in combined severance.
    (SFC, 7/17/07, p.A3)(SFC, 7/19/07, p.A5)

2006        Dec 26, Gerald R. Ford (b.1913), former Michigan Congressman and US President (1973-1976), died. He had declared "Our long national nightmare is over" as he replaced Richard Nixon, but may have doomed his own chances of election by pardoning his disgraced predecessor.
    (AP, 12/27/06)

2006        Michigan banned the consideration of race and gender in public university admissions and public hiring. In 2011 a federal appeals court struck down the ban.
    (SFC, 7/2/11, p.A6)
2006        In Michigan Kristina Adkins (13) killed her grandmother, Virginia Bentley, by poisoning. In 2008 Adkins was sentenced to life in prison with a chance for parole in 20 years.
    (SFC, 11/1/08, p.A3)

2007        Jan 2, US markets and federal agencies closed in respect for funeral rites for former Pres. Gerald Ford. Ford’s body was flown to Michigan for burial following services in the National Cathedral.
    (WSJ, 1/2/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/3/07, p.A1)

2007        Jan 7, The North American Int’l. Auto Show opened in Detroit. China’s Changfeng Group Co., made its first appearance at the international auto show in Detroit, Mich. China numbered over 100 automakers and industry consolidation was expected.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.54)(WSJ, 1/3/07, p.B1)

2007        Jan 17, A US snow and ice storm was blamed for at least 64 deaths in nine states. These included 20 deaths in Oklahoma, 9 in Missouri, 8 in Iowa, 4 in New York, 5 in Texas, 4 in Michigan, 3 in Arkansas, and 1 each in Maine and Indiana.
    (AP, 1/17/07)(SFC, 1/18/07, p.A3)

2007        Jan 25, Ford Motor Co. lost $5.8 billion in the fourth quarter amid slumping sales and huge restructuring costs, pushing the automaker's deficit for the year to $12.7 billion, the largest in its 103-year history.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Feb 2, Joe Hunter (79), Motown’s first bandleader, died in Detroit, Mich.
    (SSFC, 2/4/07, p.B6)
2007        Feb 2, Billy Henderson (67), singer in the band called the Spinners, died in Florida. His songs included “I’ll Be Around" (1972) and other hits. The 5-member band had formed in 1954 in Ferndale, Mich.
    (SSFC, 2/4/07, p.B6)

2007        Feb 5, Violence raked Baghdad as an Iraqi general took charge of the security operation in the capital and Iraqi police and soldiers manned new roadblocks, initial steps indicating the start of the long-anticipated joint operation with American forces to curb sectarian bloodshed. At least 29 people died in bomb and mortar attacks across the city, 15 of them as they waited to refill propane cooking tanks when two car bombs blew up in quick succession in south Baghdad. A soldier killed in a roadside bombing in Basra was the 100th British death attributed to hostile action since the US-led invasion in 2003. A US Marine was killed in fighting in the volatile Anbar province. US forces shot and killed Donald Tolfree of Owosso, Mich., a civilian contract truck driver at Camp Anaconda, the huge air base north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/5/07)(AP, 2/6/07)(AP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 13, Mitt Romney, former one-term Republican governor of Massachusetts, officially entered the 2008 presidential race. In what amounted to a made-for-TV coming-out tour, Romney announced his candidacy in Michigan, the place of his birth. His father George Romney, a Michigan governor in the 1960s and an AMC chief executive, made a short-lived attempt at the presidency four decades ago.
    (AP, 2/13/07)

2007        Feb 25, In Detroit Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan stressed religious unity during what was billed as his final major speech, saying the world was at war because Christians and Muslims were divided.
    (AP, 2/25/08)

2007        Feb 28, In Michigan Thomas Katona, a former county treasurer of a Lake Huron vacation community, was ordered to stand trial on charges that he looted $186,500 in public funds for a Nigerian investment scam. Katona was treasurer of Alcona County from 1993 until his dismissal late in 2006. On June 12 Katona (56) was sentenced for up to 14 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/28/07)(AP, 6/12/07)

2007        Mar 4, Stephen Grant (37) of Mount Clemens, suspected of killing and dismembering his wife, was captured as he fled searchers, running through snow in northern Michigan. Tara Grant (34) was last seen on Feb 9. Stephen Grant reported her missing five days later.
    (AP, 3/4/07)

2007        Apr 23, A US Agriculture Department official said a virus in the Great Lakes, that has killed tens of thousands of fish in recent years, is spreading and poses a threat to inland fish farming.
    (AP, 4/24/07)

2007        Apr 24, Warren E. Avis (b.1915), founder of the Avis Rent-A-Car System (1946), died in Ann Arbor, Mich.
    (WSJ, 4/28/07, p.A6)

2007        May 8, In Michigan Thomas Katona (56), the former Alcona County treasurer (1993-2006), pleaded guilty to embezzlement charges. He was accused of dumping public funds into fraudulent Nigerian investments. He lost more than $1.2 million in county funds altogether, plus $72,500 of his own money, despite a warning from his bank that he might be getting swindled.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

2007        Jun 1, In Michigan Jack Kevorkian, the retired pathologist dubbed "Dr. Death" for claims that he participated in at least 130 assisted suicides, left prison after eight years still believing people have the right to die.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 22, Guy Vander Jagt (75), a 13-term Republican congressman from Michigan, died in Washington.
    (AP, 6/22/08)

2007        Jul 9, The NAACP meeting in Detroit held a public burial for the N-word (nigger) racial slur. In 1944 the NAACP held a symbolic funeral in Detroit for Jim Crow.
    (SFC, 7/10/07, p.A3)

2007        Aug 6, Montana was under a state of emergency as firefighters battled several huge blazes. Residents near a state park on Michigan's Upper Peninsula were ordered to evacuate as another wildfire spread there.
    (AP, 8/6/07)

2007        Aug 30, In Michigan the Legislature approved moving the state’s presidential nomination to Jan 15, just days after national Democrats vowed to punish states that vote too early. A suspected serial killer was arrested in the deaths of 5 women over the last month.
    (SFC, 8/31/07, p.A6,16)

2007        Sep 1, The Mountaineers of Boone, North Carolina, pulled off one of the greatest upsets in college football history as  Appalachian State beat No. 5 Michigan 34-32.
    (AP, 9/2/07)

2007        Sep 8, In the Netherlands Carlos Hartmann (41), of Tecumseh, Mich., killed Thijs Geers (22), a Dutch student, on a train platform in the southern city of Roosendaal. Hartmann hoped to punish the Netherlands for its government's support of the war in Iraq and confessed to axing the student to death after failing to find a soldier to kill.
    (AP, 9/11/07)

2007        Sep 17, In Detroit Davontae Sanford (14) walked up to police at a murder scene on Runyon Street, where 4 people were murdered at a drug house, and immediately became a suspect. Sanford, who was illiterate and blind in one eye, pleaded guilty in 2008 and was sent to prison. In 2015 an imprisoned hitman signed an affidavit taking responsibility for the murders.
    (SFC, 4/16/15, p.A8)(http://truthinjustice.org/sanford.htm)

2007        Sep 24, More than 73,000 General Motors Corp workers walked off the job after marathon contract talks between the United Auto Workers union and GM stalled and the union called the first national strike since 1970 against the top U.S. automaker.
    (Reuters, 9/25/07)

2007        Sep 26, The United Auto Workers union and General Motors Corp reached a tentative contract, ending a national strike by 73,000 workers with a groundbreaking deal that includes a health-care trust fund. The Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Association (VEBA) will be administered by the union and take on some $51 billion in health-care liabilities.
    (AP, 9/26/07)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.67)

2007        Oct 2, The new $800 million MGM Grand Casino opened in downtown Detroit across the street from the old MGM Grand, which had opened in 1999.
    (WSJ, 9/26/07, p.B1)

2007        Oct 10, Thousands of Chrysler LLC autoworkers walked off the job after the automaker and the United Auto Workers union failed to reach a tentative contract agreement before a union-imposed deadline. Hours later negotiators reached a tentative agreement.
    (AP, 10/10/07)(WSJ, 10/11/07, p.A3)

2007        Nov 3, United Auto Workers agreed to a tentative contract with Ford Motor Co.
    (AP, 11/3/08)

2007        Nov 7, General Motors posted a record loss of $39 billion, which included a $38.6 billion noncash charge related to accumulated deferred tax credits.
    (SFC, 11/8/07, p.C3)

2007        Nov 18, Detroit pushed past St. Louis to become the nation's most dangerous city, according to a private research group's controversial analysis of annual FBI crime statistics. Flint, Mich., ranked 3rd and Oakland, Ca., ranked 4th.
    (AP, 11/19/07)(SFC, 11/19/07, p.A3)

2007        Nov 21, Michigan’s Gov. Jennifer Granholm issued an order that bars discrimination against state workers based on their "gender identity or expression," which protects the rights of those who behave, dress or identify as members of the opposite sex.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2007        Nov 26, A new study by the University of Michigan bolstered claims that Native Americans are descended from one migrant group that crossed a lost land link from modern Siberia to Alaska. The study examined genes of indigenous people from North to South America and from two Siberian groups.
    (AFP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 26, In Michigan a find of dioxin at the bottom of the Saginaw River could be the highest level of such contamination ever discovered in the nation's rivers and lakes, according to a federal scientist involved in cleanup efforts downstream from a Dow Chemical Co. plant.
    (AP, 11/26/07)

2007        Nov 29, Roger B. Smith (82), former chairman and CEO of General Motors, died in Detroit. He was the target of Michael Moore’s 1989 film “Roger & Me." During his term GM’s market share dropped from 45% to 36%. It currently stood at 24%.
    (SFC, 12/1/07, p.B5)

2007        Dec 15, A winter storm dropped snow from the Plains to the Midwest with as much as a foot of snow in Kansas. Forecasts called for as much as 15 inches for sections of southern Michigan.
    (SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A4)

2007        Dec 16, Street and highway crews were at work trying to clear roads across the Great Lakes states into New England as a storm blamed for three deaths spread a hazardous mix of snow, sleet and freezing rain. The storm was blamed for at least 10 deaths including 4 in Indiana, 2 in Michigan and Wisconsin, one in Pennsylvania and one in Nova Scotia.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(SFC, 12/18/07, p.A19)

2007        Dec 23, High wind and ice coated power lines blacked out tens of thousands of people in Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin. At least 3 people in Minnesota and one person each in Texas and Kansas were killed in traffic accidents. The storm was blamed for at least 11 deaths.
    (AP, 12/23/07)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A1)

2008        Jan 1, The Michigan Wolverines upset No. 9 Florida 41-35 in the Capital One Bowl to win their first bowl game since 2003. This one was special. Michigan's senior class won its first bowl game in four tries and Lloyd Carr ended his coaching career on a high note.
    (AP, 1/1/08)

2008        Jan 23, In Detroit Mayor Kilpatrick responded to revelations by the Detroit Free Press regarding an affair with a top aide in 2002-2003. He said that period represented a difficult time in his life. Some 14,000 text messages revealed that he had lied under oath during testimony in 2007 over the use of his security unit to cover up his extramarital affair with Christine Beatty, his Chief of Staff.
    (SFC, 1/25/08, p.A9)

2008        Jan 26, Miss Michigan Kirsten Haglund, a 19-year-old aspiring Broadway star, was crowned Miss America 2008 in a live show billed as the unveiling of the 87-year-old pageant's new, hipper look.
    (AP, 1/27/08)

2008        Jan 30, Auto giant Ford announced a multi-million dollar investment in South Africa, brushing aside fears about an electricity crisis which has alarmed other international investors.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Feb 9, Michigan’s unemployment rate topped the nation at 7.6%.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.31)

2008        Feb 12, General Motors Corp. reported a $38.7 billion loss for 2007, the largest annual loss ever for an automotive company, and said it is making a new round of buyout offers to US hourly workers in hopes of replacing some of them with lower-paid help.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2008        Mar 23, In Detroit the Hellas Café in Greektown, which first opened in 1901, closed.

2008        Mar 24, In Detroit, Mich., Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (37) was charged with 8 felonies in an obstruction of justice case that involved a romantic affair with a chief of staff.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.A3)

2008        Mar 26, India's Tata Motors said it had bought British luxury icons Jaguar and Land Rover from ailing US carmaker Ford Motor Co for 1.15 billion pounds (2.3 billion dollars).
    (AP, 3/26/08)

2008        Apr 7, Samuel (b.1913) Frankel, Detroit area developer and philanthropist, died. In the 1960s Frankel collaborated with Harry Cunningham to create the discount-store concept, building the first Kmart store. In 1969, he developed Somerset Mall. In 2005 he and his wife Jean provided a $20 million endowment to establish the Frankel Institute for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan.

2008        Jun 8, Wicked weekend storms pounded the US from the Midwest to the East Coast, forcing hundreds of people to flee flooded communities, spawning tornadoes that tore up houses and killing at least eight people in Indiana (1), Michigan (6), Connecticut (1). Wisconsin Gov. Jim Doyle declared a state of emergency in 29 counties and President Bush declared a major disaster in 29 Indiana counties, freeing up aid. Iowa Gov. Chet Culver declared an emergency in nearly a third of the state's 99 counties.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jul 9, Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm signed legislation approving a compact by 8 states surrounding the Great Lakes. Michigan was last of the 8 states to approve the agreement, which outlaws diversions of Great lakes water from natural drainage basins with rare exceptions.
    (WSJ, 7/10/08, p.A2)

2008        Jul 31, In Wisconsin a gunman opened fire on a group of young adults from Michigan killing 3, aged 17-19, along the Menominee riverbank in the town of Niagara. The next day police arrested Scott J. Johnson (38). He had a raped a woman near the same site the evening before the murders. In 2009 Johnson was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(SFC, 5/22/09, p.A6)

2008        Aug 5, In Montenegro 4 Michigan residents were among 12 ethnic Albanians convicted of plotting a rebellion to carve out a homeland within the tiny Balkan republic.
    (AP, 8/5/08)

2008        Aug 7, A federal judge ordered Detroit’s Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick to jail for violating the terms of his bond in his perjury case, a decision the judge said he would have made for any "John Six-Pack" defendant before him.
    (AP, 8/7/08)

  2008        Aug 8, Joseph Bennett (43) of Canada tried to drive 58 bags containing 275,000 Ecstasy pills, estimated at $6.5 million in street value, into Port Huron, Michigan. In 2009 a federal judge in Detroit sentenced him to 7½ years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/25/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/koa934)

2008        Aug 24, The US Democratic national convention’s credentials committee ruled to give full voting rights to delegates from Michigan and Florida, despite their defying party rules and holding their primaries early.
    (SFC, 8/25/08, p.A6)

2008        Sep 4, Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (38) pleaded guilty to a pair of felony obstruction charges in a sex-and-misconduct scandal and will step down after months of defiantly holding onto his job leading the nation's 11th-largest city. Kilpatrick’s sentence included 4 months behind bars, a $1 million fine and forfeiture of his license to practice law.
    (AP, 9/4/08)(SFC, 9/5/08, p.A4)

2008        Sep 19, Ken Cockrel Jr. was sworn in as the city's new mayor, vaulted into office by a sex scandal that destroyed the reign of Kwame Kilpatrick and threw Detroit's government into chaos for months.
    (AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Oct 3, The Great Lakes Governors (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin) applauded President George W. Bush for signing a joint resolution of Congress providing consent to the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact.  It barred new diversions beyond the Great Lakes Basin.
    (www.cglg.org/projects/water/CompactConsent.asp)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.36)

2008        Oct 17, Levi Stubbs (72), Four Tops frontman, died at his home in Detroit. His dynamic and emotive voice drove such Motown classics as "Reach Out (I'll Be There)" and "Baby I Need Your Loving."
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Oct 28, Kwame Kilpatrick (38), former Detroit mayor, was sent to jail for 4 months for his part in a sex-and-text scandal.
    (SFC, 10/29/08, p.A4)

2008        Nov 4, Michigan voted for Barack Obama and legalized medicinal marijuana.
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.48)

2008        Nov 6, The leaders of GM, Ford and Chrysler came to Capital Hill along with the president of the UAW to discuss billions of dollars in financial help for the struggling car industry.
    (SFC, 11/7/08, p.C3)

2008        Nov 7, General Motors Corp. reported $2.5 billion losses in the third quarter, burning through $6.9 billion in cash and warned that it could run out of cash in 2009. GM also said it has suspended talks to acquire Chrysler. Meanwhile, Ford Motor Co. said it lost $129 million in the third quarter as the struggling automaker burned through $7.7 billion in cash and set plans for more job cuts.
2008        Nov 7, General Motors Corp. dedicated its first Russian assembly plant, a $300 million, 70,000-car-a-year factory just outside of St. Petersburg.
    (AP, 11/7/08)

2008        Nov 18, The chief executives of Detroit’s Big Three automakers appeared before the US Senate Banking Committee along with the head of the UAW union to plea for financial aid under the current economic crises.
    (WSJ, 11/19/08, p.A1)

2008        Nov 20, US Congressional efforts to rescue Detroit’s auto makers collapsed with lawmakers saying the industry lacks credibility to return to profitability. Democrats asked for a convincing turnaround plan by Dec 2.
    (WSJ, 11/21/08, p.A1)

2008        Dec 2, Detroit’s Big Three auto makers presented turnaround plans to Congress and sought $34 billion in aid.
    (WSJ, 12/3/08, p.A1)

2008        Dec 10, Congressional officials said majority Democrats and the White House have finalized a deal to spend $15 billion on emergency loans for struggling US automakers.
    (AP, 12/10/08)

2008        Dec 11, The $14 billion package to aid General Motors Corp., Ford Motor Co. and Chrysler LLC collapsed amid disputes over union wage cuts. A band of mostly Republican Southern senators, including states that subsidized foreign auto makers, formed the heart of the opposition.
    (AP, 12/12/08)(WSJ, 12/12/08, p.A3)

2008        Dec 12, The White House and the Treasury said they were considering diverting money from the Wall Street rescue fund to stave off bankruptcy filings among the carmakers. General Motors Corp. said it will temporarily close 20 factories across North America and make sweeping cuts to its vehicle production as it tries to adjust to dramatically weaker automobile demand.
    (AP, 12/12/08)

2008        Dec 16, The publisher of the Detroit Free Press and the Detroit News confirmed plans to cut home delivery to three days a week and cut close to 900 jobs.
    (WSJ, 12/17/08, p.B4)

2008        Dec 28, In Michigan strong winds knocked down tree limbs and power lines eliminating power to nearly 230,000 homes and businesses, mostly in Wayne and Oakland counties.
    (AP, 12/29/08)

2008        Dec 29, The US federal government approved $6 billion in aid to GMAC LLC, the financing company vital to the future of General Motors.
    (WSJ, 12/30/08, p.A1)

2008        Dec 31, SF ended the year with 98 homicides. In Milwaukee, Wisc., the total number of homicides dropped 32%, from 105 in 2007 to 71 in 2008, the lowest number since 1985. Detroit had 344 slayings, a 13% drop from the 396 in 2007; Philadelphia's 332 killings were a 15% drop from the 392 in 2007; and the 234 homicides in Baltimore were 17% less than the 392 the year before. Cleveland recorded 102 homicides in 2008, down from a 13-year high of 134 in 2007. Homicides in New York rose 5.2%, to 522 from 496 the year before. Slayings in Los Angeles were down to 376 in 2008 compared to 400 the prior year. Preliminary data in Chicago showed 508 homicides were reported in 2008, the first time the city had more than 500 murders since 2003 and about 15% more than the 442 homicides reported in 2007. Washington, D.C., ended 2008 with 186 homicides, up from 181 in 2007.
    (SFC, 1/2/09, p.1)(AP, 1/3/09)

2009        Jan 5, The Vatican said that Bishop Allen H. Vigneron will replace Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida at the head of the Detroit archdiocese. The pope also named the auxiliary bishop of Halifax, Claude Champagne, as the new bishop of Edmundston in Canada. Benedict appointed the Rev. Cirilo Flores as new auxiliary bishop of Orange, California.
    (AP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 10, A winter storm left large swaths of the Midwest and Northeast covered in snow and freezing rain. 10 inches of snow forced some 100 cancellations at Chicago’s O’Hare Int’l. Airport. At least 8 inches fell on lower Michigan and Ohio.
    (SSFC, 1/11/09, p.A14)

2009        Jun 13, The Detroit-area band Champagne Saints, comprised of Marius Polikaitis, Saulius Polteraitis, Jide Mbanefo, Paul Juska and Tadas Kasputis, held a CD release party for Throwing Hail Marys at the Pike Room at the Crofoot in Pontiac. Their 2nd album “Sparkle, Darker" came out in 2012.

2009        Jan 16, Kellogg Co. of Battle Creek, Mich., recalled 16 products containing peanut butter due to possible salmonella contamination as federal officials confirmed contamination at a Georgia facility that ships peanut products to 85 food companies. On Jan 21 federal health authorities confirmed that peanut butter and paste made by a Virginia company were the sole sources of the outbreak. The Blakely, Ga., facility was owned by Peanut Corp. of America, based in Lynchburg, Va. In 2013 four former executives of Peanut Corp. were indicted for the outbreak that left 9 people dead and hundreds sickened.
    (SFC, 1/17/09, p.A2)(WSJ, 1/22/09, p.A4)(SFC, 2/22/13, p.A11)

2009        Jan 20, Chrysler and Italy’s Fiat confirmed they had reached an agreement on an alliance that would give Fiat a 35% stake in Chrysler, but only if Chrysler gets $3 billion more in financial help from Washington.
    (WSJ, 1/21/09, p.B1)

2009        Jan 21, GM reported an 11% drop in 2008 vehicle sales, relinquishing its crown as the world’s biggest auto maker to Toyota after 77 years.
    (WSJ, 1/22/09, p.B3)

2009        Feb 3, Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm announced a new $54 million movie production facility to be built at a former GM facility in Pontiac. The state offered $15 million in film related tax credits and as much as $101 million in state credits over 12 years.
    (WSJ, 2/3/09, p.B2)

2009        Feb 10, General Motors Corp. said it will cut 10,000 salaried jobs, citing the need to restructure itself with a government deadline looming and amid some of the worst sales in the auto industry's history.
    (AP, 2/10/09)
2009        Feb 10, Teens in Kalamazoo, Michigan, beat a 50-year-old bicyclist leaving the man critically injured. On March 26 five teens were charged in the beating.
    (SFC, 3/27/09, p.A8)

2009        Feb 17, Chrysler and GM told the US government they may need up to $21.6 billion in combined bailout loans. GM’s survival plan called for cutting a total of 47,000 jobs globally and closing 5 more US factories.
    (SFC, 2/18/09, p.C1)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 23, Ford Motor Co. said it has reached a tentative deal with the United Auto Workers union on changes to retiree health care, becoming the first Detroit automaker to secure union concessions on the key issue.
    (Reuters, 2/23/09)

2009        Feb 26, General Motors reported a $9.6 billion 4th quarter loss bringing its loss for the year 2008 to $30.9 billion. This was its 2nd worst financial performance in its 100 year history.
    (WSJ, 2/27/09, p.B1)

2009        Mar 16, In Michigan 4 teenagers were killed when their car was struck by a van driven by Frances Patricia Dingle in Roseville. Dingle was measured with a blood alcohol level of .08, twice the legal limit, and was charged with 2nd degree murder.
    (SFC, 3/18/09, p.A5)

2009        Mar 23, Advance Publications Inc., owner of the Ann Arbor News and 7 other Michigan newspaper, announced that the 174-year-old Ann Arbor News will publish its last print edition in July and then become a community oriented Web site.
    (WSJ, 3/24/09, p.B5)

2009        Mar 30, President Barack Obama said that neither General Motors nor Chrysler has proposed sweeping enough changes to justify further large federal bailouts, and demanded "painful concessions" from creditors, unions and others as their price for survival. Driving home the point, the White House ousted the GM Chairman Rick Wagoner as it rejected GM and Chrysler's restructuring plans. Fritz Henderson, GM's president and chief operating officer, became the new CEO. Board member Kent Kresa, the former chairman and CEO of defense contractor Northrop Grumman Corp., was named interim chairman of the GM board.
    (AP, 3/30/09)

2009        Mar 31, Fritz Henderson, GM's new chief executive said that more of the automaker's plants could close and bankruptcy is "more probable" as it works to meet new, tougher requirements for government aid. In his first news conference as CEO, Henderson said he expects the company would "need to take further measures" beyond the 5 plants the company said it would shutter when it submitted a restructuring plan to the government last month.
    (AP, 4/1/09)

2009        Apr 10, In Michigan a student fatally shot a female classmate before turning the gun on himself in an apparent murder-suicide that prompted a lockdown at Dearborn’s Henry Ford Community College, west of Detroit. The bodies of Asia McGowan (20) of Ecorse, and Anthony Powell (28) of Detroit, were discovered inside a classroom.
    (AP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 27, General Motors Corp. said it will cut 21,000 US factory jobs by next year, phase out its storied Pontiac brand and ask the government to take more than half its stock in exchange for half of GM's government debt as part of a major restructuring that would leave current shareholders holding just 1 percent of the company.
    (AP, 4/27/09)

2009        Apr 30, Chrysler filed for bankruptcy protection after overnight talks broke down with a small group of the company's creditors. Canada's government said it will take an ownership stake in Chrysler in exchange for more than $2 billion in loans, under a sweeping North American rescue plan. Ottawa and Washington demanded the Detroit company partner with Fiat as a condition for funding.
    (AP, 4/30/09)(Reuters, 5/1/09)

2009        May 4, Wolves in parts of the northern Rockies and the Great Lakes region come off the endangered species list, opening them to public hunts in some states for the first time in decades. States such as Idaho and Montana planned to resume hunting the animals this fall, but no hunting has been proposed in the Great Lakes region. About 300 wolves in Wyoming will remain on the list because the US Fish and Wildlife Service rejected the state's plan for a "predator zone" where wolves could be shot on sight. An estimated 4,000 wolves lived in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota.
    (AP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 5, In Detroit, Michigan, basketball legend Dave Bing was elected as mayor through the end of the year, sweeping the incumbent from office in the city with myriad problems. Bing had 52.3% of the vote, to 47.7% for Cockrel. Both are Democrats.

2009        May 7, General Motors Corp. lost $6 billion in the first quarter and its revenue was cut nearly in half as car buyers feared the wounded auto giant would enter bankruptcy and no longer honor its warranties.
    (AP, 5/7/09)
2009        May 7, In Italy Jonathan Robert Hindenach (24) of Charlotte, Michigan, killing an Italian man in Florence. He had consumed drugs and alcohol before slaying  Riccardo Nistri (62).
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 9, Chuck Daly (b.1930), NBA basketball coach, died in Florida. He coached the Dream Team to the Olympic gold medal in 1992 after winning back-to-back NBA championships with the Detroit Pistons.
    (AP, 5/9/09)

2009        May 14, Federal authorities in Detroit charged 74 members and associates of the Highwaymen Motorcycle Club with attempted murder, cocaine and steroid distribution and other crimes.
    (SFC, 5/15/09, p.A7)
2009        May 14, Chrysler LLC said in a bankruptcy court filing that it wants to eliminate roughly a quarter of its 3,200 US dealerships by early next month, because the network is antiquated and has too many stores competing with each other.
    (AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 15, General Motors said it plans to eliminate some 1,000 of 6,000 showrooms over the next year in an effort to boost profits by lessening competition among dealers.
    (SFC, 5/16/09, p.C1)

2009        Jun 1, General Motors filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection as part of the Obama administration's plan to shrink the automaker to a sustainable size and give a majority ownership stake to the federal government. GM assets were valued at $82.2 billion with liabilities at $172 billion. The US government planned to receive 60.8% of GM stock, Canada’s government 11.7%, the UAW’s trust 17.5% and bondholders 10%. GM said it will permanently close nine more plants and idle three others to trim production and labor costs under bankruptcy protection. GM was expected to lose 14 factories, 29,000 workers and 2,400 dealers.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.9,60, 62)

2009        Jun 2, GM struck a tentative deal to sell its Hummer brand to China’s Sichuan Tengzhong Heavy Industrial Machinery Co.
    (SFC, 6/3/09, p.C2)

2009        Jun 5, General Motors Corp. announced a tentative deal to sell its Saturn brand to former race car driver and dealership group owner Roger Penske.
    (AP, 6/5/09)

2009        Jun 10, Italy's Fiat became the new owner of the bulk of Chrysler's assets, closing a deal that saves the troubled US automaker from liquidation and places a new company in the hands of Fiat's CEO.
    (AP, 6/10/09)

2009        Jun 16, GM and Sweden's Koenigsegg said they have struck a deal for Koenigsegg, a niche manufacturer of some of the world's fastest and most expensive sports cars, to buy loss-making Saab Automobile from General Motors.
    (Reuters, 6/16/09)

2009        Jun 19, In Michigan officials said 36 members of 4 violent Detroit street gangs were arrested with immigration, probation, weapons and other violations as part of a nationwide crackdown.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.A4)

2009        Jun 26, In Michigan Monica Conyers (44), Detroit City Councilwoman and wife of Rep. John Conyers (80), pleaded guilty to taking cash in exchange for her vote on a 2007 city sludge treatment contract with Synagro Corp. The contract was rescinded last January amid accusations of wrongdoing. On June 29 Monica Conyers resigned from office.
    (SFC, 6/27/09, p.A5)(SFC, 6/30/09, p.A4)

2009        Jun 30, In Michigan gunmen in a green minivan opened fire on a group of teenagers waiting at a bus stop near a Detroit school, wounding seven including two who were in critical condition.
    (AP, 7/1/09)

2009        Jul 10, General Motors emerged from bankruptcy protection. CEO Fritz Henderson said the new GM will be far faster and more responsive to customers than the old one, and it will make money and repay government loans faster than required.
    (AP, 7/10/09)

2009        Jul 23, In Michigan the last edition of The Ann Arbor News rolled off the presses After 174 years, with a three-word headline: "Farewell, Ann Arbor." It is being replaced by AnnArbor.com, an online news site that will produce a print edition twice a week.
    (AP, 7/23/09)

2009        Jul 28, Tony Rosenthal (b.1914), American artist and abstract sculptor, died in Southampton, NY. He created the Regent’s Cube located in the Regent’s Plaza at the Univ. of Michigan, his alma mater. Commissioned by the Class of 1965 and officially titled “Endover," the revolving cube is one of three designed Rosenthal. It was installed on Regents’ Plaza (the open space bounded by the LS&A Building, Michigan Union and Fleming Building) in 1968. The others are at home in New York City and Miami.

2009        Aug 11, General Motors Corp. said its Chevrolet Volt rechargeable electric car should get 230 miles per gallon of gasoline in city driving, more than four times the mileage of the current champion, the Toyota Prius.
    (AP, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 1, In Detroit a woman (24) was shot killed during a street robbery by a boy (12).
    (SFC, 8/20/09, p.A4)

2009        Sep 10, GM announced that it agreed to the sale of 55% of Ruesselsheim-based Adam Opel and Vauxhall unit to Canadian auto parts maker Magna International Inc. and Russian lender Sberbank. Detroit-based GM will keep a 35% stake and continue to work with Opel on developing vehicles, sharing technology and engineering resources.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 11,  In Owosso, Michigan, Harlan James Drake (33) killed an abortion protester outside a school along with the owner of a nearby gravel pit.
    (SFC, 9/12/09, p.A4)

2009        Sep 22, In Michigan off-duty Canton police officer Edward Williams II (36), shot and killed his wife (33), a Detroit police officer, in a library parking lot before shooting himself. He soon after at a hospital.
    (SFC, 9/23/09, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/mlswtr)

2009        Sep 30, The Penske Automotive Group Inc. announced it is walking away from a deal to acquire the Saturn brand from GM, after being unable to find a manufacturer to make Saturn cars when GM stops producing models sometime after the end of 2011. The brand was set up in 1990 to fight growing Japanese imports.
    (AP, 10/1/09)

2009        Oct 28, US federal agents in Dearborn, Michigan, arrested several members of a radical Sunni Islam group on charges that included conspiracy to sell stolen goods and the illegal possession and sale of firearms. Luqman Ameen Abddullah (53), a Muslim prayer leader, was shot and killed with 21 gunshot wounds after he refused to surrender and fired a weapon.  He had not been charged with a crime. An investigation into the killing was opened in 2010.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A6)(SFC, 2/3/10, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/yf57rdd)

2009        Oct 31, In Canada 2 men sought by the FBI and linked to a Detroit Muslim leader killed by US authorities were arrested in Windsor, Ontario. Mohammad Al-Sahli (33) and Yassir Ali Kahn (30) were wanted by the FBI for conspiracy to commit federal crimes.
    (Reuters, 10/31/09)

2009        Nov 4, Germany's politicians fumed with anger and Opel workers canceled cost concessions and readied walkouts after General Motors Co. abandoned the sale of its European subsidiary to parts maker Magna International and Russian lender Sberbank.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 9, General Motors said that it would invest C$90 million ($85.1 million) to expand a joint venture plant in Canada where it builds the Chevrolet Equinox and GMC Terrain crossovers.
    (Reuters, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 16, General Motors Co. says it lost $1.2 billion from the time it left bankruptcy protection through Sept. 30, far better than it has reported in previous quarters and a sign that the auto giant is starting to turn around its business.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Michigan the Pontiac Silverdome, built 3 decades ago for $56 million, sold at auction for $583,000. Greek-born Toronto-area businessman Andreas Apostolopoulos was the winning bidder.
    (SFC, 11/25/09, p.A4)

2009        Nov 26, The Univ. of Michigan announced that football player Charles Woodson is donating $2 million to its new Mott Children's Hospital and Women's Hospital.
    (AP, 11/27/09)

2009        Dec 14, Researchers from US Santa Barbara and the Univ. of Mich published a study describing their synthetic red blood cells, which are capable of delivering medicine, oxygen or MRI contrast agents throughout the body.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A28)

2009        Dec 18, General Motors Co. said it will shut down Saab after talks to sell the brand to a Dutch carmaker collapsed, marking the third time this year that a deal by GM to sell an unwanted brand has fallen through.
    (AP, 12/18/09)

2009        Dec 23, US auto giant Ford said it had agreed the main terms for selling its Swedish brand Volvo Cars to Chinese carmaker Geely, in a deal set to underline China's growing economic clout.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)

2009        Dec 25, An attempted bombing took place as Northwest Airlines Flight 253 from Amsterdam prepared to land in Detroit just before noon. Law enforcement officials identified the suspect as Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (23), a Nigerian man, who claimed to be acting on orders from al-Qaida to blow up the airliner with a bomb sewed into his underwear. Abdulmutallab later told US investigators he had received training and instructions from al-Qaida operatives in Yemen. On Oct 12, 2011, Abdulmutallab pleaded guilty to all federal counts against him.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AFP, 12/29/09)(AP, 1/2/10)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A8)

2009        Dec 30, The US government gave GMAC Financial Services an additional $3.8 billion in cash and took a majority stake in the auto lender.
    (SFC, 12/31/09, p.D1)

2010        Jan 21, New Zealand said that biblical citations inscribed on US-manufactured weapon sights used by its troops in Afghanistan will be removed because they are inappropriate and could stoke religious tensions. The inscriptions on products from defense contractor Trijicon of Wixom, Michigan, came to light this week in the US where Army officials said on Jan 19 they would investigate whether the gun sights, also used by US troops in Afghanistan and Iraq, violate US procurement laws. Trijicon said biblical references were first put on the sites nearly 30 years ago by the company founder, Glyn Bindon, who was killed in a plane crash in 2003.
    (AP, 1/21/10)

2010        Feb 10, Snow, wind and slush hounded eastern commuters as blizzard warnings from Baltimore to New York City heralded the second major storm in a region already largely blanketed by weekend snowfall. Snow was falling from northern Virginia to Connecticut after crawling out of the Midwest, where the storm canceled hundreds of flights and was blamed for three traffic deaths in Michigan.
    (AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 19, Pres. Obama targeted Arizona, California, Florida, Michigan and Nevada in a $1.5 billion “innovation fund" to assist homeowners struggling against foreclosure.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.A1)

2010        Mar 1, General Motors Co. said it is recalling 1.3 million Chevrolet and Pontiac compact cars sold in the US, Canada and Mexico to fix power steering motors that can fail.
    (AP, 3/2/10)
2010        Mar 1, In Detroit, Mi., Monica Botello (26) and her boyfriend Purcell Carson (26) were shot to death in a slaying that was reported to a 911 dispatcher by Botello’s daughter (9). On March 20 US marshals arrested Derrick Smith (42) in Gardena, Ca., for the murders.
    (SSFC, 3/21/10, p.A9)

2010        Mar 25, In Michigan Jamar Pinkney of Highland park was convicted of 2nd-degree murder in the Nov. 16 killing of his son (15), after the teen admitted to molesting a girl (3).
    (SFC, 4/2/10, p.A7)

2010        Mar 27, Federal agents in southern Michigan raided the home of David Stone, the suspected leader of the Hutaree militia, a group of self-proclaimed Christian warriors. Authorities recovered hand grenade instructions and schematics, a container of potassium chlorate, and other items.
    (SFC, 4/13/10, p.A5)

2010        Mar 28, US federal agents in Ohio arrested 2 members of Hutaree, a Christian militia group “preparing for end time battles to keep the testimony of Jesus Christ alive." A 3rd person was arrested the next day in Indiana as part of an investigation led by the FBI in Michigan.
    (SFC, 3/29/10, p.A6)

2010        Apr 16, US banking regulators shut down 8 banks, including 2 in northern California, 3 in Florida, one in Washington state, one in Massachusetts, and one in Michigan, bringing the total this year to 50. In 2009 140 banks failed in the US compared to 25 in 2008 and 3 in 2007.
    (SFC, 4/19/10, p.D3)
2010        Apr 16, Renowned management thinker Coimbatore Krishnarao Prahalad (b.1941), aka C.K. Prahalad, died in San Diego. He was a Professor of Corporate Strategy at University of Michigan Stephen M. Ross School of Business. His books included “Competing for the Future" (1996), which was co-written with his former pupil, Gary Hamel. His “The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits" (2004), written with Stuart L. Hart, was about the business opportunity in serving the Bottom of the Pyramid.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.69)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C._K._Prahalad)

2010        Apr 19, Winners of the 2010 Goldman Environmental Prizes, known as the "green Nobels," were honored in San Francisco. Sereivathana Tuy of Cambodia won for his efforts in stopping farmers from killing elephants. Randall Arauz of Costa Rica won for his campaign to halt the maiming and killing of sharks for their fins. Humberto Rios Labrada (47) of Cuba won for his campaign to shift farming practices toward increasing diversity and reducing chemical use. Malgorzata Gorska of Poland won for her fight to stop a highway through the Rospuda Valley, one of Poland’s last vestiges of untouched wilderness. Thuli Makama of Swaziland won for her efforts in getting citizen participation on the Swaziland board in charge of the environment. She helped prompt investigations into allegations of private park rangers killing suspected poachers in sub-Saharan Africa's last absolute monarchy. Lynn Henning of the USA won for exposing polluting practices of livestock ranches in Michigan.
    (AP, 4/19/10)(SFC, 4/19/10, p.A1)

2010        May 16, Rima Fakih (b.1986), a Lebanese-born immigrant and crowned as Miss Michigan, became the first Arab-American woman to win the Miss USA pageant at the Planet Hollywood Resort and Casino in Las Vegas.
2010        May 16, In Detroit, Michigan, Aiyana Jones (7) was killed by a Detroit police officer during a raid at the girl's home. State police were brought in to investigate the shooting. Detroit police were searching for a homicide suspect when they burst in and an officer's gun went off, fatally striking the girl in the neck. The police were being shadowed by a reality television crew. In Oct 2011 officer Joseph Weekley was indicted for involuntary manslaughter. On Jan 30, 2015, the last charges against Weekly were dismissed after two trials ended without verdicts.
    (AP, 5/17/10)(SFC, 10/5/11, p.A7)(SFC, 1/31/15, p.A7)

2010        May 25, Former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick was sentenced to up to 5 years in prison for violating the terms of his probation relating his 2008 conviction for lying under oath about an affair.
    (SFC, 5/26/10, p.A4)

2010        Jun 7, Chrysler Group LLC said it is recalling nearly 600,000 minivans and Jeep Wranglers because of brake or wiring problems that could become safety issues.
    (AP, 6/7/10)

2010        Jun 8, General Motors Co. said it was recalling about 1.5 million vehicles worldwide to address a problem with a heated windshield wiper fluid system that could lead to a fire, its second recall over the issue in two years.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 11, Vanguard Health Systems, owned by the Blackstone Group, signed an agreement for the acquisition of the 8 hospitals of the Detroit Medical Center for $417 million.
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.64)(http://tinyurl.com/392p7bb)

2010        Jun 15, Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto announced it was investing 469 million US dollars to develop a nickel and copper mine in northern Michigan. Construction of the Kennecott Eagle mine in Michigan's Upper Peninsula will begin this year.
    (AFP, 6/16/10)

2010        Jun 23, In Michigan former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (40) was indicted on federal fraud and tax charges. He was accused of turning a charity into a private slush fund.
    (SFC, 6/24/10, p.A9)

2010        Jul 19, Despite being rebuffed twice by the US Supreme Court, five states (Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Minnesota and Pennsylvania) filed suit with a lower court demanding tougher federal and municipal action to prevent Asian carp from overrunning the Great Lakes and decimating their fishing industry.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 26, In Michigan an oil pipeline, owned by Canada-based Enbridge Inc., leaked over 800,000 gallons into Talmadge Creek and flowed to the Kalamazoo River coating fish and birds in Battle Creek and Emmet Township. The US government estimated the leak at over 1 million gallons.  Enbridge later estimated cleanup costs at about $1.2 billion. In 2014 a settlement between the company and residents and landowners was said to be $6.25 million. On May 13, 2015, officials said Enbridge Energy and its affiliates will pay $75 million to settle the case.  
    (SFC, 7/28/10, p.A4)(SFC, 7/30/10, p.A7)(SFC, 12/25/14, p.A10)(Reuters, 5/13/15)

2010        Aug 6, In Michigan investigators said a knife-wielding serial killer, possible motivated by racial hatred, has been attacking men in the region of Flint since May killing 5 people and wounding 8.
    (SFC, 8/7/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 12, Officials in Atlanta, Georgia, arrested Elias Abuelazam (33), a suspect in a string of 18 stabbings that left 5 people dead, at the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta Int’l. airport as he was about to board an airplane to Tel Aviv. 14 of the stabbings had taken place in Flint, Michigan. Abuelazam was extradited to Michigan where he faced homicide charges. On June 25, 2012, Abuelazam was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/13/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/27/10, p.A6)(SFC, 6/26/12, p.A5)

2010        Sep 7, In Michigan fires swept through 85 structures in at least 3 Detroit neighborhoods as 50 mph winds downed 62 power lines.
    (SFC, 9/8/10, p.A6)(SFC, 9/9/10, p.A10)

2010        Oct 22, In Virginia Glenn Shriver (28) of Detroit pleaded guilty to trying to get a job with the Central Intelligence Agency in order to spy for China and to hiding contacts and money he got from Chinese intelligence agents. Shriver acknowledged that he met with Chinese officials about 20 times beginning in 2004 and that he received a total of about $70,000 from Chinese intelligence officers. His plea agreement called for a sentence of 48 months in prison.
    (Reuters, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 27, In Michigan police Raymond R. Bush (38) and Taylor E. Manley, a 15-year-old girl he knew, dead in a van in a cemetery, hours after the man was to appear in court on charges alleging he sexually assaulted the girl.
    (AP, 10/28/10)

2010        Nov 2, Iowa (Terry Branstad), Kansas (Sam Brownback), Maine (Paul LePage), Michigan (Rick Snyder), New Mexico (Susana Martinez), Ohio (John Kasich), Oklahoma (Mary Fallin), Pennsylvania (Tom Corbett), Tennessee (Bill Haslam), Wisconsin (Scott Walker), Wyoming (Matt Mead) all replaced the Democratic governors with Republicans. Snyder (R) defeated Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm (D) by bragging about his managerial skills.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.45) 

2010        Nov 8, In Michigan Samantha Kelly hanged herself after enduring taunting from classmates for accusing a senior of rape. Prosecutors were forced to drop criminal charges against Joseph Tarnopolski (18), saying they had no case without the accuser’s testimony.
    (SFC, 11/11/10, p.A8)

2010        Nov 11, In Yale, Michigan, two men, dressed in Halloween masks, climbed through a window into a home around midnight  and attacked a couple as they slept in their bed. Paul Skinner (47) managed to chase the suspects out of the home before collapsing from multiple knife wounds. His wife Mara Skinner (44) suffered more than 20 stab wounds and a punctured lung. On Nov 14 police arrested Tia Marie-Mitchell Skinner (17), her 18-year-old boyfriend Jonathan Kurtz and James Preston (18). They were charged with murder, attempted murder and conspiracy.

2010        Nov 21, A national US study by CQ Press found St. Louis as the nation's most dangerous city in 2009, overtaking Camden, NJ. Detroit, Flint, Mich., and Oakland, Calif., rounded out the top five. For the second straight year, the safest city with more than 75,000 residents was Colonie, NY.
    (AP, 11/22/10)

2010        Dec 13, Schools in Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin and other states closed because of snow and low temperatures. Authorities worked frantically to reach motorists in snow-covered northwest Indiana who were trapped in their cars in biting temperatures.
    (AP, 12/13/10)

2010        Dec 29, In Wayne, Michigan, a natural gas explosion destroyed a furniture store, killed two people and injured two others. Owner Paul Franks was in critical condition.
    (AP, 12/30/10)

2010        Dec 26, Geraldine Doyle (86), a Michigan factory worker used as the unwitting model for the wartime Rosie the Riveter poster, died. The term "Rosie the Riveter" stems from a 1942 song honoring the women who took over critical factory jobs when American men went off to war. The inspirational "We Can Do It!" poster was not widely seen until the 1980s when it was embraced by the feminist movement as a potent symbol of women's empowerment.
    (AP, 12/31/10)

2010        David Riddle (1942-2012) co-authored authored, “The Color of Law: Ernie Goodman, Detroit, and the Struggle for Labor and Civil Rights," a meticulously researched biography of the legendary Detroit labor lawyer. Mr. Riddle wrote the book with friends, Steve Babson and David Elsila.
2010        The US EPA launched the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) to improve water quality, clean up shorelines and restore habitats in the Great Lakes region.
    (http://greatlakesrestoration.us/pdfs/21050720-report_to_congress.pdf)(Econ, 8/1/15, p.28)
2010        General Motors shut down its vast Buick City manufacturing complex in Flint, Michigan. In 2019 the Buick name disappeared from its North American models.
    (SFC, 9/23/19, p.D2)

2011        Jan 1, Rick Snyder, a former president of Gateway Computers, began his first term as governor of Michigan. The Republican faced a state deficit of up to $1.8 billion.
    (Econ, 1/29/11, p.28)

2011        Jan 21, Glenn Shriver (29) of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was sentenced to 4 years in prison after admitting that he took $70,000 from Chinese spies while attempting to secure jobs with the CIA and US Foreign Service.
    (SFC, 1/22/11, p.A5)

2011        Jan 23, In Detroit, Michigan, Lamar D. Moore (38) opened fire at the 6th precinct on Warwick and Plymouth and wounded 4 police officers before he was shot killed.

2011        Jan 28, In southwest Michigan investigators found the bodies of 2 women buried in a woodland near Bangor. Suspect Junior Lee Beebe was charged with murder.
    (SFC, 1/29/11, p.A6)

2011        Mar 22, US census data showed that Detroit’s population plunged by 25%, 237,500 people, over the past decade.
    (SFC, 3/23/11, p.A4)

2011        Mar 28, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder signed legislation that will lead the state to pay fewer weeks of unemployment benefits next year than any other state.
    (SFC, 3/29/11, p.A6)

2011        Apr 19, It was reported that a US Department of Justice test of the CelleBrite UFED used by Michigan police found the device could grab all of the photos and video off of an iPhone within one-and-a-half minutes. The device works with 3000 different phone models and can even defeat password protections.

2011        Apr 21, Italian automaker Fiat, closing in on its goal of taking a majority stake and full control of Chrysler LLC by the end of the year, announced a deal to buy another 16 percent share sooner than expected at a price of $1.3 billion.
    (AP, 4/21/11)

2011        May 5, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder appointed former GM executive Roy Roberts as the new emergency manager for Detroit Public Schools. Since 1977 the city’s schools enrollment dropped from 175,168 to 74,000.
    (SFC, 5/6/11, p.A8)

2011        Jun 3, Jack Kevorkian (83), crusader for legalizing physician-assisted suicide, died at a hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan.
    (SFC, 6/4/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 24, The Michigan parole board voted to release former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick from prison after more than a year behind bars for violating probation.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 24, In Michigan Dr. Stephen Hatch (46) of Indiana and his current wife were killed in a plane crash near Charlevoix. 8 years earlier Hatch survived a crash that killed 2 of his children and his wife Julie (38).
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A11)

2011        Jul 7, In Michigan Rodrick Shonte Dantzler (34) killed seven people in a bloody rampage that ended when he shot himself in the head during a hostage standoff with police. Police said Dantzler had targeted two former girlfriends.
    (Reuters, 7/7/11)(SFC, 7/9/11, p.A5)

2011        Aug 2, Former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (41) was released from prison in Jackson, Mi., on parole but still faced a federal corruption trial.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A9)

2011        Aug 18, US federal officials said they have busted a drug trafficking gang in El Cahon, southern California. Many of the 60 suspects were Iraqi Chaldeans suspected of being affiliated with the Chaldean Organized Crime Syndicate based in Detroit, Michigan.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.A11)

2011        Aug 31, Federal investigators in Detroit said a Michigan man and others stole rental vehicles and sold them to Iraq after spiriting them across the US-Canada border. Adnan Hana was arrested this week along with 12 others capping an almost 2-year investigation.
    (SFC, 9/1/11, p.A8)

2011        Sep 5, President Barack Obama used a boisterous Labor Day rally in Detroit to put congressional Republicans on the spot, challenging them to place the country's interests above all else and vote to create jobs and put the economy back on a path toward growth.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 6, Michigan Republican Gov. Rick Snyder signed into law a stricter, four-year lifetime limit on cash welfare benefits, prompting advocates for the poor to warn that tens of thousands of residents will find themselves without cash assistance on Oct 1.
    (AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 20, In Michigan a car bomb caused a powerful explosion on a street in Monroe that seriously injured a father and his two sons. The blast turned their vehicle into a blackened hunk of metal. The ATF offered a reward of up to $10,000 for information leading to an arrest.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 20, GM and the UAW unveiled a modest 4-year pay agreement. The deal included a $5,000 lump sum payment to production line workers and $4,000 more over the next 4 years plus a slightly higher share of profits. It also allowed the hiring of new “tier-two" employees.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.75)

2011        Oct 21, Leo Earl Sharp  (87) of Indiana was arrested on drug charges near Ann Arbor after police found 228 pounds of cocaine worth an estimated $2.9 million in his pickup following a routine traffic stop. On Oct 24 a US Magistrate in Detroit released Sharp on $10,000 bond and scheduled a next hearing in the case for November.
    (Reuters, 10/24/11)

2011        Oct, Detroit’s population was reported to be down to 714,000, down from close to 2 million in the 1950s. Mayor Bing says there are now 60,000 empty houses in the city.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.31)

2011        Nov 11, In Michigan a decade-old organization known as TheCall, that counts Islam among the ills facing the nation, began a 24-hour prayer rally at Ford Field in Detroit, an with one of the largest Muslim communities in the United States. Leaders of TheCall believed a satanic spirit is shaping all parts of US society, and it must be challenged through intensive Christian prayer and fasting.
    (AP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 15, The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities said in a new report that Michigan is among just a handful of states raising taxes on low-income working families while cutting taxes for other groups.
    (AP, 11/16/11)

2011        Dec 2, Michigan Rep. Gov Rick Snyder’s administration said it would begin a review of Detroit’s finances. Managers in Michigan were already overseeing Benton Harbor, Flint, Pontiac and the Detroit public schools. On Dec 6 Michigan took the first legal steps toward a state takeover of Detroit.
    (SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A24)(http://tinyurl.com/7t85ca9)(Econ, 12/10/11, p.36)

2011        Dec 25, In Detroit, Michigan, the bodies of 2 women were found in a burning car trunk. Two other women were found dead in a car trunk on Dec 19. Three of the four women had promoted themselves as escorts through the same website. In May, 2012, James Brown was charged with moving the bodies and arson.
    (SFC, 12/27/11, p.A7)(SSFC, 5/6/12, p.A9)

2012        Jan 11, Mark Deli Siljander (60), a former Michigan congressman (1981-1987, was sentenced to a year and one day in prison in Kansas City, Mo., for lobbying for the Islamic American Relief Agency, an charity identified as a global terrorist organization.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A6)

2012        Jan 12, A Michigan judge ordered an 84-year old billionaire to jail after finding him in contempt for failing to complete a construction project at Detroit's Ambassador Bridge, the busiest crossing between the United States and Canada. Manuel "Matty" Moroun, an owner of the Detroit International Bridge Co that controls the Ambassador Bridge, along with company president Dan Stamper were booked at Wayne County Jail.
    (Reuters, 1/12/12)

2012        Feb 13, In Michigan opening statements began in the trial of 7 members of the Hutaree militia arrested in 2010 for plotting to overthrow the US government. Since their capture only one of nine charged has agreed to a plea deal. On March 27 a judge dismissed the most serious charges against the 7 defendants.
    (SFC, 2/13/12, p.A4)(SFC, 3/28/12, p.A6)

2012        Feb 15, US Federal prosecutors added a charge in the corruption case against former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick. An indictment accused Kilpatrick and pal Bobby Ferguson of extorting $50,000 in June, 2008, from a city contractor who towed vehicles.
    (SFC, 2/16/12, p.A6)
2012        Feb 15, Kellogg of Battle Creek, Mich., acquired Pringles in a $2.7 billion, all-cash deal.
    (SFC, 2/16/12, p.D1)

2012        Feb 28, In the US Republican primaries Mit Romney, former governor of Massachusetts, won 41% to Rick Santorum's 38% in Michigan. Romney won Arizona with 48% to Santorum's 26%, with 76% of the vote counted.
    (SFC, 2/29/12, p.A6)

2012        Mar 25, In Michigan the bodies of two women, Abreeya Brown (18) and Ashley Conaway (22), were discovered in shallow graves on Detroit’s west side. 5 men were soon charged in their abduction and slaying.
    (SSFC, 4/8/12, p.A10)

2012        Mar 30, The US government agreed with Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania to cut red tape and speed up consideration for wind farms in the Great Lakes.
    (SFC, 3/31/12, p.A5)

2012        Apr 17, Amanda Clayton (25) of Michigan was charged with welfare fraud. She had kept receiving food stamps after winning a $735,000 lottery jackpot.
    (SFC, 4/18/12, p.A6)

2012        Apr 26, In Michigan the Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia held its grand opening at Ferris State Univ. in Big Rapids. David Pilgrim, the founder and curator, started building the collection as a teenager.
    (AP, 4/19/12)

2012        May 18, In Michigan Sandra Layne (74) allegedly "hunted down" her teenage grandson (17) in her in her West Bloomfield Township home and shot at him 10 times over a six-minute span. In 2013 Layne testified that she was afraid of her grandson and acted in self-defense.
    (AP, 3/18/13)

2012        Jun 15, Canadian PM Stephen Harper and Michigan Governor Rick Snyder announced a deal to build a new bridge linking Detroit and Windsor, a $4 billion project that officials say will help speed the flow of goods across North America's busiest commercial land border crossing. Canada will pay for building the bridge and finance Michigan’s $550 million portion of the project.
    (Reuters, 6/15/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.36)

2012        Jul 5, Steve Cannon (46) of Des Moines, Iowa, completed a 40-day, 1,037-mile run around Lake Michigan. He started and ended his trek at Caray’s Tavern in Chicago.
    (SFC, 7/7/12, p.A5)

2012        Jul 27, In Detroit the bodies of Jacob Kudla (18) and Jourdan Bobbish (17), both of Westland, were found with gunshot wounds on the East Side. The next day police charged Casey Green (39) and Larry Anderson (40) with larceny, obstruction of justice, and tampering with evidence in the car the two teens were driving.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A12)

2012        Aug 16, Detroit police found a woman and 2 children slain when officers went to notify her that her husband, Michael VanDerLinden had died in a fatal car crash in Indiana. He was driving the wrong way on an interstate and killed a stranger as he slammed into the man’s car.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A5)

2012        Sep 9, In Michigan businessman Ricky Coley (50) shot and killed Officer Pat O’Rourke in West Bloomfield Township. Coley shot and killed himself following a 20 hour standoff.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)

2012        Oct 16, In Michigan a shooting spree began that targeted moving cars around the suburbs of Detroit. On Nov 5 police arrested a suspect in Wixom after 24 shootings over a 100-mile-long crime scene.
    (SFC, 11/7/12, p.A5)

2012        Oct 28, In Detroit, Michigan, the SF Giants won the World Series beating the Detroit Tigers 4-3 in a 4-game sweep.
    (SFC, 10/29/12, p.A1)

2012        Nov 6, Michigan voters supported Pres. Obama and defeated efforts by Ambassador Bridge owner Manuel Moroun to require a public vote before any competing int’l. crossing can be built with state money. This helped clear the way for a new Canadian-financed bridge.
    (SFC, 11/8/12, p.A5)

2012        Nov 15, A US federal appeals court ruled 8-7 declaring Michigan’s ban on affirmative action unconstitutional, 6 ye3ars after state voters said race should not be an issue in choosing students.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A10)
2012        Nov 15, Detroit’s Mayor Bing said a $6.5 million Housing and Urban Development grant will cover the cost of tearing down the Brewster Projects, which included 75 condo-style apartments, two 6-story buildings and four 14-story towers.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A6)

2012        Dec 11, Michigan enacted a ban on mandatory union membership, dealing a stunning blow to organized labor in the state that is home to US automakers and the symbol of industrial labor in the United States. Gov. Rick Santorum signed the “right to work" legislation immediately after it passsed the legislature.
    (AP, 12/11/12)(Econ, 12/15/12, p.32)

2012        Mark Binelli authored “Detroit City Is the Place To Be: The Afterlife of an American Metropolis"
    (SSFC, 11/18/12, p.F3)
2012        Detroit, Michigan, reported 386 criminal homicides for this year, the highest since 1992.
    (Yahoo! News, 1/4/13)
2012        Michigan doctors used plastic particles and a 3-D laser printer to create an airway splint to save the life of Kaiba Gionfriddo, a 3-month-old Ohio baby boy who used to stop breathing nearly every day.
    (AP, 5/22/13)

2013        Jan 13, In Detroit General Motors unveiled its latest model of the Corvette Stingray on the eve of the Detroit motor show. The next day GM’s Cadillac ATS sedan took the show’s top prize.
    (Econ, 1/19/13, p.63)

2013        Jan 18, US federal prosecutors filed a fraud charge against Michigan Supreme Court Justice Diane Hathaway in a scandal involving the sale of a Detroit-area home and suspicious steps to conceal property in Florida.
    (SSFC, 1/20/13, p.A9)
2013        Jan 18, McDonald's and Finley's Management Co. agreed to pay $700,000 to members of a Muslim community to settle allegations a Detroit-area restaurant falsely advertised its food as being prepared according to Islamic dietary law.
    (AP, 1/21/13)

2013        Jan 29, Former Michigan Supreme Court Justice Diane Hathaway pleaded guilty to bank fraud for concealing assets, including a Florida home, and urging a bank to short sale a Detroit-area home claiming financial hardship. On May 28 she was sentenced to a year and a day in prison.
    (SFC, 1/30/13, p.A4)(SFC, 5/29/13, p.A6)

2013        Feb 1, Detroit’s Mayor Bing said the city will close 50 of its 107 parks, but keep Belle Isle running. Services at 38 other parks will be reduced. The city council voted not to accept state assistance for Bell Isle.
    (SFC, 2/2/13, p.A6)

2013        Feb 4, Donald Byrd, US jazz trumpeter, died in Delaware. He had joined Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers in 1955 after moving to NYC from Detroit. He and Pepper Adams made their Blue Note label debut with their “Off to the Races" album in 1959.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.C4)

2013        Feb 21, Detroit, with its violent crimes, high unemployment, dwindling population and financial crisis, was named by Forbes as the most miserable city in the United States.
    (Reuters, 2/21/13)

2013        Mar 11, Detroit jurors convicted former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (42) on corruption charges, capping a five-month trial that exposed a brazen pay-to-play culture during his years in office while the distressed city lost jobs and people and veered toward insolvency.
    (AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 14, Michigan’s Gov. Rick Snyder appointed Kevyn Orr, a Cleveland attorney who represented Chrysler during its restructure, to steer Detroit back from the brink of doom.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A6)

2013        May 3, In Saginaw, Michigan, the Buena Vista Township school district closed because it ran out of money.

2013        May 8, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder signed a bill to schedule the state’s first gray wolf hunting season.
    (SFC, 5/9/13, p.A6)

2013        May 10, Hundreds of fast-food employees in Detroit walked off the job, temporarily shuttering a handful of outlets as part of a growing US worker movement that is demanding higher wages for flipping burgers and operating fryers.
    (Reuters, 5/10/13)

2013        Jun 14, A state of Michigan appointed emergency manager for Detroit said the city is defaulting on about $2.5 billion in unsecured debt and was asking creditors to accept 10 cents for each dollar owed them.
    (SFC, 6/15/13, p.A6)

2013        Jul 18, Kevin Orr, a bankruptcy expert hired by Michigan in March to stop Detroit’s fiscal free-fall, filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy for Detroit in federal court. State Gov. Rick Snyder approved the move. The city’s population, at 1.8 million in the 1950s, now struggled to stay above 700k. Detrloit’s long term debt was estimated at $18.2 billion.
    (SFC, 7/19/13, p.A7)(Econ, 7/27/13, p.23)

2013        Jul 19, A Michigan state judge ruled that Gov. Snyder had overstepped his authority by approving Detroit’s bankruptcy filing. The ruling was immediately challenged by the state’s attorney general.
    (SFC, 7/20/13, p.A5)

2013        Jul 24, A US federal judge swept aside lawsuits challenging Detroit’s Jul 18 bankruptcy filing.
    (SFC, 7/25/13, p.A8)

2013        Jul 29, In Detroit the body of Bilal Berreni (23), a French street artist, was found shot in the face. It took seven months before authorities identified him through fingerprints. Dionte Travis (17), Jasin Curtis (18) and Drequone Rich (20) were later charged with murder. On Dec 3, 2015 1 Dionte Travis was found guilty of murder.
    (AP, 11/22/14)(AP, 12/3/15)

2013        Jul 30, JPMorgan Chase & Co. agreed to pay $410 million to settle federal charges of manipulating electricity markets in California and Michigan from 2010 through 2012.
    (SFC, 7/31/13, p.D1)

2013        Aug 20, Elmore Leonard (b.1925), a former adman who later became one of America's foremost crime writers, died in Bloomfield Hills, Mi. His over 40 novels included "Out of Sight," ''Get Shorty" and "Be Cool," which were made into films.
    (AP, 8/20/13)(SFC, 8/21/13, p.D7)

2013        Sep 27, The executive director of President Barack Obama's Council on Jobs and Competitiveness was named to manage more than $300 million in federal, state and private aid packages given to Detroit, which has filed for bankruptcy.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Oct 1, Michigan finalized a deal to lease Detroit’s 983-acre Bell Isle park for 30 years.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.32)

2013        Oct 10, In Michigan former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick was sentenced to 28 years in prison for corruption.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.A6)

2013        Oct 11, In Michigan Bobby Ferguson, a friend of former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick, was sentenced to 21 years in prison for his role in widespread corruption.
    (SFC, 10/12/13, p.A9)

2013        Oct 28, Scientists said they have documented for the first time that an Asian carp species has successfully reproduced within the Great Lakes watershed, an ominous development in the struggle to slam the door on the hungry invaders that could threaten native fish.
    (AP, 10/29/13)

2013        Nov 2, In Michigan Theodore Wafer (54) of Dearborn Heights shot and killed Renisha McBride (19), a black woman, as she apparently knocked his door following a car accident. On Nov 15 Wafer was charged with 2nd degree murder. On Aug 7, 2014, he was convicted of 2nd degree murder. On Sep 3, 2014 he was sent to prison for at least 17 years.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A7)(SFC, 8/8/14, p.A8)(Reuters, 9/3/14)

2013        Nov 5, In Michigan business executive Mike Duggan was elected as the next mayor of Detroit, a city on the brink of bankruptcy. He is known for saving Detroit Medical Center, the city’s largest employer, from near insolvency. Duggan defeated Wayne Ct. Sheriff Benny Napoleon 55-45%
    (SFC, 11/7/13, p.A8)

2013        Nov 6, In Michigan 3 men were killed in a back gambling room at Al’s Barbershop on Detroit’s east side. 6 others were wounded.
    (SFC, 11/8/13, p.A7)

2013        Nov 18, Almost 800,000 homes and businesses in the US Midwest and Ontario, Canada, were without power following severe thunderstorms. Michigan was the hardest-hit state with more than 540,000 customers out.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)

2013        Dec 3, US Federal Judge Steven Rhodes ruled that Detroit is eligible to proceed with its Chapter 9 bankruptcy, the largest public US bankruptcy to date.
    (SFC, 12/4/13, p.A9)(Econ, 12/7/13, p.29)

2013        Dec 10, General Motors named Mary Barra to succeed Dan Akerson as CEO making her the first female CEO in the global automotive industry.
    (SFC, 12/11/13, p.C1)

2013        Dec 23, Over 390,000 homes and businesses were without power in Michigan, New York and northern New England. In Maine over 78,000 people were without power. The weekend storm left at least 11 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/24/13, p.A5)

2013        Dec 25, United Van Lines released its 37th annual migration study. New Jersey repeated as the state with the highest outbound moves. Migration out of Michigan slowed to a virtual halt after 16 straight years of outbound moves.
    (AP, 12/25/13)(SFC, 12/26/13, p.A8)

2013        Charlie LeDuff authored “Detroit: An American Autopsy."
    (SSFC, 2/10/13, p.F3)
2013        Gordon Young, former resident of Flint, Michigan, authored “Teardown: Memoir of a Vanishing City."
    (SFC, 11/26/14, p.C4)

2014        Jan 2, Italy-based Fiat secured full ownership of Chrysler in a $4.35 billion agreement.
    (SFC, 1/3/14, p.C4)

2014        Jan 13, Gerald Rosen, the mediator in the Detroit banktuptcy, announced that local and national foundations have pledged $330 million in an effort to shore up the city’s ailing pensions and protect the artwork at the Detroit Institute of Arts.
    (SFC, 1/14/14, p.A6)

2014        Jan 16, Judge Steven Rhodes overseeing Detroit’s bankruptcy turned down a $169 compromise with major banks saying the amount was too high.
    (SFC, 1/17/14, p.A7)

2014        Jan 23, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder announced a plan to ask Pres. Obama for 50,000 visas for immigrants willing to move to Detroit.
    (SFC, 1/24/14, p.A8)

2014        Jan 24, Over 40 vehicles piled up in blinding snow on I-94 in a crash near Michigan City, Ind. A couple from Michigan and a man from Chicago were killed.
    (SFC, 1/25/14, p.A12)

2014        Jan 31, A man shot two students at Michigan State Univ. in East Lansing. Dominique Nolff was pronounced dead the next morning.
    (SFC, 2/3/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 28, In Michigan a Macomb County court convicted James Brown (25) in the killing of 4 women at his Sterling heights home in December, 2011. Their bodies were stuffed in car trunks and left miles away in a Detroit neighborhood.
    (SFC, 3/1/14, p.A5)

2014        Mar 3, In Michigan Raulie Casteel was sentenced to 18-40 years in prison for shooting at two dozen vehicles on a busy southeastern highway.
    (SFC, 3/4/14, p.A5)

2014        Mar 7, In Michigan a house covered with stuffed animals and dolls became the latest casualty in a string of suspicious fires at the Heidelberg Project in Detroit.
    (SFC, 3/8/14, p.A6)

 2014        Mar 13, President Obama signed the first congressionally passed public lands bill in five years, and called on Congress to do more to protect the wilderness. The law officially expanded the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore in Glen Arbor, Mich., a move that will protect an additional 32,500 acres of Lake Michigan coastline.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pkuv6nl)(SFC, 3/21/14, p.A7)

2014        Mar 21, A US federal judge struck down Michigan’s ban on same-sex marriage. The next day the Sixth US Circuit Court of Appeals froze the decision to overturn the ban. On March 25 a federal appeals court put an indefinite halt to gay marriage in Michigan.
    (SFC, 3/22/14, p.A6)(SSFC, 3/23/14, p.A15)(SFC, 3/26/14, p.A6)

2014        Mar 28, US Attorney General Eric Holder extended federal recognition to the marriages of some 300 same-sex couples that took place before a federal appeals court on March 22 put such unions on hold.
    (SFC, 3/29/14, p.A8)

2014        Apr 2, In Detroit, Michigan, Steve Utash (54) was punched and kicked by several people as he stopped to check on a boy (10) who was struck when he stepped in front of Utash’s pickup truck. On Apr 12 a boy (16) was charged with assault and ethnic intimidation in the beating of Utash, who remained in critical condition. On June 16, 2014, Bruce Wimbush (18) acknowledged that he punched Utash during the attack and agreed to testify against others. On June 19 three others pleaded guilty to the assault on Utash. On July 7,2014, Wonzey Saffold (30) was sentenced to up to ten years in prison for his role in the attack. On July 17 Latrez Cummings (19) was sentenced to six months in jail.
    (SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A8)(SFC, 6/17/14, p.A7)(SFC, 6/20/14, p.A6)(SFC, 7/8/14, p.A5)(SFC, 7/18/14, p.A6)

2014        Apr 10, US wildlife agencies in Michigan and Wisconsin said they have confirmed diagnoses of white-nose syndrome in tested bats. The fungal disease has killed millions on North American bats since 2006 and has now been detected in half of the US.
    (SFC, 4/11/14, p.A6)

2014        Apr 28, Detroit reached a 5-year collective bargaining deal with some 3,500 of 10,000 city workers as it grappled with an $18 billion debt.
    (SFC, 4/29/14, p.A5)

2014        Apr, Flint, Michigan, began to draw its water from the Flint River instead of Lake Huron in an effort to save money. The corrosive river water began eating the lining of the city’s water pipes exposing the lead beneath, which leached into the drinkig water.
    (Econ, 1/23/16, p.23)

2014        Jun 9, Detroit officials said General Motors, Ford and Chrysler are pledging $26 million to help support retiree pensions while also keeping the city’s art treasures off the auction block.
    (SFC, 6/10/14, p.A6)

2014        Jun 30, General Motors added 8.2 million vehicles to its ballooning list of cars recalled over faulty ignition switches.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.D4)

2014        Jul 11, Michigan-based Whirlpool said will pay more than $1 billion for a controlling stake in Indesit, the appliance maker's counterpart in Italy.
    (AP, 7/11/14)

2014        Jul 17, In Wyoming, Michigan, the body of Brooke Slocum (18) was found in the trunk of Brady Oestrike (31). Her boyfriend Charles Oppenheimer (25) was found decapitated a day earlier. The couple had connected with Oestrike on Craigslist and arranged a sexual encounter. Oestrike fled a police chase and fatally shot himself after crashing his car.
    (SFC, 7/22/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 17, Elaine Stritch (b.1925), actress and singer, died at her home in Birmingham, Mi. Her films included “A Farewell to Arms" (1957), “September" (1987), “Out to Sea" (1997) and “Small Time Crooks" (2000).
    (SFC, 7/18/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 17, In Wyoming, Michigan, the body of Brooke Slocum (18) was found in the trunk of Brady Oestrike (31). Her boyfriend Charles Oppenheimer (25) was found decapitated a day earlier. The couple had connected with Oestrike on Craigslist and arranged a sexual encounter. Oestrike fled a police chase and fatally shot himself after crashing his car.
    (SFC, 7/22/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 21, Detroit, Mi., suspended its aggressive policy of cutting off water to customers with unpaid bills for at least the next 15 days.
    (SFC, 7/22/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 21, In Michigan pension cuts were approved by Detroit workers and retirees after 60 days of voting. Support for the pension changes triggered an $816 million bailout from the state, foundations and the Detroit Institute of Arts, but a judge was still required to agree.
    (SFC, 7/23/14, p.A8)
2014        Jul 21, In Michigan the Ilitch family, owners of the Detroit Red Wings, unveiled details of an already approved taxpayer funded financed stadium, said to cost the public $283 million.
    (SFC, 7/25/14, p.A14)

2014        Aug 11, Heavy rain in Michigan’s Detroit area dumped 5.2 inches in Warren and left two people dead.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A10)(AP, 8/16/14)

2014        Aug 25, A US federal judge ended an 11-year agreement that kept a federal monitor over the Detroit Police Dept. Between 1995 and 2000 Detroit police killed nearly 50 people, including 6 who were unarmed and shot in the back.
    (SFC, 8/26/14, p.A4)

2014        Aug 26, Bankrupt Detroit resumed shutting off water to people who have not paid bills after a month long suspension. Nearly 45% of the3 city’s 173,000 residential water accounts were considered past due.
    (SFC, 8/27/14, p.A8)

2014        Oct 16, In Michigan lawyers said the city of Detroit will demolish the Joe Louis Arena, home of the Red Wings hockey team, and give the land to creditor Financial Guarantee Insurance (FGIC) for development as part of a major settlement in the city’s bankruptcy case.
    (SFC, 10/17/14, p.A6)

2014        Oct 28, General Motors said it is moving production of a critical component in the Chevrolet Volt from Mexico to Michigan.
    (AP, 10/28/14)

2014        Nov 6, In Michigan Mike Duggan was elected mayor of Detroit after an unlikely write-in campaign. This made him the city’s first white mayor in 40 years.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ycwae2b6)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.21)
2014        Nov 6, The Sixth US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld antigay marriage laws in Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio and Tennessee.
    (SFC, 11/7/14, p.A7)

2014        Nov 7, A US federal judge cleared Detroit, the biggest US city to ever file for bankruptcy, to emerge from bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 11/8/14, p.A6)

2014        Dec 10, Detroit formally emerged from court protection, ending the largest municipal bankruptcy in US history.
    (SFC, 12/11/14, p.A11)

2015        Jan 9, In Michigan blinding snow caused 193 vehicles to pile up in I-94 near Kalamazoo. At least one person was killed.
             (Reuters, 1/11/15)(SSFC, 1/11/15, p.A8)   

2015        Jan 15, A US federal judge ruled that Michigan must validate nearly 300 same-sex marriages as of next month. His decision could be appealed.
    (SFC, 1/17/15, p.A6)

2015        Feb 4, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder said he would not appeal a federal court ruling that required the state to recognize over 300 same-sex marriages that took place on March 22, 2014. The ruling takes effect Feb 5, 2015.
    (SFC, 2/5/15, p.A5)

2015        Feb 18, The Obama administration and Canada agreed on financing construction of a plaza for a new $2.1 billion bridge connecting Detroit to Windsor. A public-private partnership will reimburse the plaza construction with bridge tolls.
    (SFC, 2/19/15, p.A8)

2015        Feb, Detroit’s Mayor Mike Duggan, in his first state-of-the-city address, announced that the city will balance its budget this year for the first time since 2002. The population of the city had shrunk from 1.8 million in the 1950s to a current 680,000.
    (Econ., 3/21/15, p.22)

2015        Apr 17, A. Alfred Taubman (b.1924), shopping mall magnate, died at his home in Bloomfield Hills, Mi. His Taubman company, founded in 1950, developed shopping centers. In 2001 as chairman of Sotheby Holdings he was convicted of conspiring with Anthony Tennant, former chairman of Christie’s Int’l., to fix commission charged by auction giants. He was fined $7.5 million and spent a year in a low-security prison.
    (SSFC, 4/19/15, p.A11)

2015        Jul 10, In Michigan Dr. Farid Fata (50), a Detroit area cancer doctor, was sentenced to 45 years in prison for putting some 533 patients through needless, grueling treatments to collect millions from insurers.
    (SFC, 7/11/15, p.A5)

2015        Jul 17, In Michigan Michelle Blair (36) of Detroit was sentenced to life in prison. In June she had pleaded guilty to killing two of her four children and storing their bodies in a home freezer.
    (SFC, 7/18/15, p.A5)

2015        Aug 14, Michigan authorities said Candy Lawson (44) of Corunna has been charged with unlawful imprisonment, vulnerable adult abuse and embezzlement from a vulnerable adult, for keeping her disabled adult sister (42) locked in a closet for six or seven years with little food, water or clothing and only a bucket for urination.
    (AP, 8/14/15)

2015        Sep 11, Republican Rep. Cindy Gamrat (42), a socially conservative Michigan lawmaker, was expelled from office and GOP Rep. Todd Courser (43) resigned after they rocked the Legislature with an extramarital affair and a botched attempt to conceal it with a fictional, sexually explicit email.
    (AP, 9/11/15)

2015        Sep 17, US federal prosecutors said GM has agreed to pay $900 million to resolve criminal charges for concealing an ignition-switch defect linked to at least 169 deaths.
    (SFC, 9/18/15, p.A6)

2015        Sep 29, The US EPA announced a $70 million settlement with Guardian Industries, a Michigan-based global glass manufacturer, resolving allegations that it violated the Clean Air Act by releasing illegal levels of chemical pollutants in plants in seven states.
    (SFC, 9/30/15, p.A8)

2015        Oct 5, Grace Lee Boggs (100), long-time human rights activist, died in Detroit, Michigan. Her books included “Revolution and Evolution in the Twentieth Century" (1974), co-written with her husband, and her memoir “Living for Change" (1998).
    (SFC, 10/7/15, p.D8)

2015        Nov 13, Michigan woman Lois Janish of Flint (75) was sentenced to at least nine years in prison for the 1998 death of her granddaughter, whose remains have never been found. Coral Hall (14) disappeared in 1998 after using a pay phone near a Flint tavern.
    (AP, 11/13/15)

2015        Dec 14, In Michigan the mayor of Flint declared a state of emergency, acknowledging that switches in the city's water sourcing have caused high lead levels in drinking water. In October, the city switched back to the Detroit system, but lead levels were still "well above" the acceptable federal level in many homes.
    (Reuters, 12/15/15)

2015        David Maraniss authored “Once in a Great City: A Detroit Story."
    (Econ, 10/10/15, p.84)

2016        Jan 5, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder declared a state of emergency in Flint over problems with lead in the city’s drinking water.
    (SFC, 1/6/16, p.A12)

2016        Jan 11, In Detroit, Mi., teachers continued rolling strikes and shut down 64 of the city’s 100 public schools. Pupil numbers had fallen from 141,000 in 2005 to 46,000 this year as many moved to charter schools.
    (SFC, 1/12/16, p.A4)(Econ, 1/16/16, p.34)

2016        Jan 13, Michigan National Guard members were set to arrive in Flint to join door-to-door efforts to distribute bottled water and other supplies to residents coping with the city's crisis over lead-contaminated drinking water.
    (Reuters, 1/13/16)

2016        Jan 16, President Barack Obama declared a state of emergency in Michigan and ordered federal aid for state and local response efforts in the county where the city of Flint has been contending with lead-contaminated drinking water.
    (Reuters, 1/17/16)

2016        Jan 19, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder, facing protests, lawsuits and calls for his resignation over drinking water contamination in Flint, apologized to the city's residents and called for the state to spend $28 million on fixes.
    (Reuters, 1/20/16)

2016        Jan 20, Most of Detroit’s public schools closed for the day due to teacher absences, as disgruntled educators stepped up efforts to protest Gov. Rick Perry’s plans for the district.
    (SFC, 1/21/16, p.A6)

2016        Jan 27, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder named a group of experts and government officials to implement long-term fixes for Flint's lead-contaminated water system as he faced criticism for the state's handling of a crisis.
    (Reuters, 1/27/16)

2016        Feb 2, A spokeswoman for the US Attorney's Office in Detroit said the FBI is joining a US investigation into Flint, Michigan's water contamination crisis.
    (Reuters, 2/2/16)

2016        Feb 20, In Michigan a man randomly opened fire in Kalamazoo and shot dead 6 people, including a teenager in three separate incidents. Suspect Jason Brian Dalton (45) was arrested early the next morning. Officials and media later reported that Dalton was an Uber driver who may have picked up fares during the killing spree. Dalton later confessed to the killings but blamed it on the Uber app. On Jan. 7, 2019, Dalton pleaded guilty just as his trial was about to begin. On Feb. 5 Dalton was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AFP, 2/21/16)(AFP, 2/22/16)(SFC, 3/15/16, p.A12)(SFC, 4/23/16, p.A4)(SFC, 2/6/19, p.A12)

2016        Mar 21, Michigan's government released goals to help the city of Flint recover from a health crisis caused by the lead contamination of its drinking water.
    (Reuters, 3/21/16)

2016        Mar 23, A task force appointed by Michigan’s governor said that state officials showed stubbornness, lack of preparation, delay and inaction in failing to prevent a health crisis in the city of Flint caused by lead contamination in the drinking water.
    (Reuters, 3/23/16)

2016        Apr 29, In Michigan former Roman Catholic priest James Rapp (75) was sentenced to at least 20 years in prison for sexually abusing students at Lumen Christi High School in Jackson in the 1980s. Rapp was in prison in Oklahoma for similar crimes when he was charged in Michigan last year.
    (AP, 4/29/16)

2016        May 3, In Michigan nearly all of Detroit’s schools were closed for a 2nd consecutive day after hundreds of teachers called in sick over concerns that many may not get paid if the district runs out of money. Classes resumed on May 4 after teachers received assurances they would be paid for the school year.
    (SFC, 5/4/16, p.A5)(SFC, 5/5/16, p.A6)

2016        May 4, Pres. Obama visited Flint, Michigan, showing support for the local residents by drinking filtered city water.
    (SFC, 5/5/16, p.A6)

2016        May 5, The Michigan House approved a $500 million restructuring plan for Detroit Public Schools.
    (SFC, 5/6/16, p.A8)

2016        May 31, In Michigan Deontae Mitchell (13) was kidnapped outside a market in Detroit. He was soon found dead in a vacant lot. On June 4 Earnest Coleman (26) was charged with the kidnapping.
    (SSFC, 6/5/16, p.A8)

2016        Jun 8, In Michigan 5 bicyclists were killed and four injured when a pickup truck slammed into a group of riders in Kalamazoo County. On June 11, 2018, Charles Pickett Jr. (52) was sentenced to at least 40 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/9/16, p.A9)(SFC, 6/12/18, p.A12)

2016        Jun 17, Police in Michigan confiscated 25 dogs and arrested five people in an investigation into dog fighting in the Detroit suburbs of Inkster and Westland.
    (SFC, 6/18/16, p.A5)

2016        Jul 11, In Michigan jail inmate Larry Darnell Gordon (44) wrested a gun from an officer killing 2 bailiffs and injuring two others before he was fatally shot by other officers.
    (SFC, 7/12/16, p.A4)

2016        Jul 19, In Michigan a judge dismissed all charges against Davontae Sanford (23) of Detroit, who had been locked up for eight years for a murder conviction for four 2007 slayings that were eventually linked to a professional hit man.
    (SFC, 7/20/16, p.A6)

2016        Jul 20, A Michigan TV station reported that the US Justice Department and Environmental Protection Agency will fine Enbridge Inc $62 million for a 2010 oil spill that released crude oil into the Kalamazoo River in Michigan.
    (Reuters, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 29, In Michigan six current or former state employees were charged with misconduct and other crimes in the Flint water crisis, bringing to nine the number of public officials facing prosecution in the case.
    (SFC, 7/30/16, p.A6)

2016        Nov 8, In the US presidential election Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin all swung for Donald Trump with margins of one percent or less. Wisconsin’s voter ID law impacted an unknown number of eligible voters as Trump defeated Clinton by roughly 22,000 votes.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.25)(SFC, 5/9/17, p.A4)

2016        Nov 24, In Detroit, Michigan, Wayne State Univ. police Officer Collin Rose (29) died a day after he was shot in the head while on patrol near the campus. On Nov 25 DeAngelo Davis (31) was charged with murder and gun crimes.
    (SFC, 11/25/16, p.A6)(SFC, 11/26/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 24, It was reported that the former Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein has raised the necessary $1.1 million to request a vote recount in Wisconsin. Donald Trump also won by a slim margin in Pennsylvania, where a recount filing fee costs $500,000, due on November 28. The filing fee in Michigan, where Trump has a razor-thin lead in unofficial results so far, is $600,000 due by November 30.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)

2016        Dec 7, In Michigan a federal judge who ordered the state to begin a recount of Nov 8 presidential voting, ended the recount following a state court ruling that found Green Party candidate Jill Stein had no legal standing to requests another look at the ballots.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A9)

2016        Dec 20, Michigan prosecutors charged four former Flint government officials with criminal conspiracy to violate safety.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)

2017        Jan 13, The US attorney’s office in Detroit announced that Japan-based Takata has agreed to plead guilty to a single criminal charge and will pay $1 billion in fines and restitution for a years-long scheme to conceal a deadly defect in its automotive bag inflators.
    (SFC, 1/14/17, p.D1)

2017        Jan 20, The Michigan School Reform Office said that 38 state schools are failing and subject to closure.
    (SFC, 1/21/17, p.A7)

2017        Jan 24, Michigan state environmental officials said Flint’s water system no longer has levels of lead exceeding the federal limit.
    (SFC, 1/25/17, p.A5)

2017        Jan, Ford cancelled a $1.6 billion new plant for small cars in Mexico and pledged to create 700 new jobs building electric and hybrid cars at Flatrock, Mi.
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.10)

2017        Feb 27, In Detroit, Mi., Japanese auto parts maker Takata pleaded guilty to fraud and agreed to pay $1 billion in penalties for concealing an air bag defect blamed for at least 16 deaths, most of them in the US.
    (SFC, 2/28/17, p.D3)

2017        Feb, The US Dept. of Homeland Security set up the fake Univ. of Farmington in Farmington Hills, Mi., in a sting operation to expose immigration fraud. In 2019 authorities charged eight recruiters of enlisting at least 600 people to enroll in the school to maintain student visa status and remain in the US.
    (SFC, 2/1/19, p.A9)

2017        Mar 8, Some one million Michigan homes and other buildings were without power after high winds caused what is believed to be the biggest outage in the state's history.
    (Reuters, 3/9/17)

2017        Mar 10, In Detroit, Mi., Volkswagen pleaded guilty in federal court to criminal felony charges over the diesel emissions scandal. The plea was part of a settlement for VW to pay $4.3 billion in fines and penalties.
    (SFC, 3/11/17, p.D1)

2017        Mar 27, Michigan and the city of Flint agreed to replace thousands of home water lines to settle a lawsuit by residents over lead-contaminated water.
    (SFC, 3/28/17, p.A7)

2017        Apr 13, In Michigan Dr. Jumana Nagarwala was charged with genital mutilation. She was arrested after two girls (7) from Minnesota identified her as the person who performed the procedure on them in February at a clinic in suburban Detroit.
    (SFC, 4/14/17, p.A6)

2017        Apr 21, A federal judge in Detroit sentenced Volkswagen AG to three years' probation over the German automaker's diesel emissions scandal as part of a $4.3 billion settlement announced in January. US District Judge Sean Cox ordered Volkswagen to pay a $2.8 billion criminal penalty for cheating on diesel emissions tests.
    (Reuters, 4/21/17)(SFC, 4/22/17, p.D1)

2017        May 17, Ford said it is cutting 1,400 non-factory jobs in North America and Asia Pacific this year in an effort to boost profits and rescue its sagging stock price. The company faced heavy costs for new technology and slowing US car sales.
    (AP, 5/17/17)

2017        May 18, General Motors Co. said it is pulling its Chevrolet brand out of India, South Africa and East Africa by the end of this year. The company will retain its assembly plant in India but will only make vehicles for export. It is selling a plant in South Africa to Isuzu Motors.
    (AP, 5/18/17)

2017        May 26, A Michigan judge threw out the murder conviction of Desmond Ricks (51), a Detroit man who has been in prison for 25 years. New tests on bullets supported Ricks’ contention that police framed him with bogus evidence in the 1992 murder of Gerry Bennett. On Aug 23 a lawyer for Ricks filed a lawsuit seeking over $100 million.
    (SFC, 5/27/17, p.A6)(SFC, 8/25/17, p.A5)

2017        May, Ford Motor Co. fired its boss, Mark Fields, and replaced him with Jim Hackett, whose experience as a car executive consisted of running Ford’s tech incubator.
    (Econ 7/8/17, p.60)

2017        Jun 1, Samer El Debek (37) of Dearborn, Mi., was arrested in Livonia, Mi., for trying to providing support to Hezbollah’s Islamic Jihad organization. Ali Kourani (32) was arrested in the Bronx on the same charges.
    (SFC, 6/9/17, p.A4)

2017        Jun 14, In Michigan five people including Nick Lyon, the head of the state’s health department, were charged with involuntary manslaughter in an investigation of Flint’s lead-contaminated water, all blamed in the death of an man (85) who had Legionnaires’’ disease.
    (SFC, 6/15/17, p.A5)

2017        Jun 26, Japanese air bag maker Takata Corp. filed for bankruptcy protection in Tokyo and the US, saying it was the only way it could keep on supplying replacements for faulty air bag inflators linked to the deaths of at least 16 people. Takata sold its surviving operations to Key Safety Systems (KSS), a Michigan-based rival recently acquired by Ningbo Joyson Electronic, a Chinese auto-parts group.
    (AP, 6/26/17)(Econ 7/1/17, p.59)

2017        Jul 11, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder signed legislation that would subject doctors and parents involved in female genital mutilation up to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/12/17, p.A4)

2017        Aug 4, In Michigan Volkswagen AG executive Oliver Schmidt pleaded guilty in US District Court in Detroit in connection with a massive diesel emissions scandal that has cost the German automaker as much as $25 billion. Schmidt faced up to seven years in prison and a fine of between $40,000 and $400,000.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)

2017        Aug 26, In Michigan David Grimes (15) was shot with a stun gun while driving an all-terrain vehicle on a Detroit street by state police Trooper Mark Bessner. The teenager crashed and was killed after being shot. On Dec. 20 Bessner was charged with 2nd degree murder. On April 17, 2019, Bessner was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in the Grimes (15). In December the Grimes family reached a $12 million settlement in a lawsuit against state troopers.
    (SFC, 12/21/17, p.A6)(SFC, 4/18/19, p.A6)(AP, 12/28/19)

2017        Aug, In Michigan the mruder conviction of Richard Phillips (71) was erased after he spent 45 years in prison for the 1971 fatal shooting of Gregory Harris. Phillips was released on Dec. 14.
    (SFC, 12/15/17, p.A8)

2017        Oct 29, In central Michigan a collision between a horse-drawn buggy and a pickup truck killed three children and critically injured six other people.
    (SFC, 10/30/17, p.A5)

2017        Nov 18, In Michigan Father Solanus (d.1957), as he was known, was beatified at a Mass attended by 65,000 people at a stadium in Detroit where he spent much of his ministry. Pope Francis said he met the requirements to earn the title of "blessed," especially after a woman from Panama was instantly cured of a chronic skin disease while she prayed at his tomb in 2012.
    (AP, 11/18/17)

2017        Nov 21, In Michigan the Flint City Council approved a 30-year agreement to get drinking water from the Great Lakes Water Authority, which ahs been providing water to the city in short-term deals since Fall, 2015.
    (SFC, 11/23/17, p.A7)

2017        Nov 22, In Michigan former Dr. Larry Nassar (54), accused of molesting girls while working for USA Gymnastics and Michigan State Univ., pleaded guilty to multiple charges of sexual assault. Nassar lost his license to practice on Dec. 7 was sentenced to 60 years in federal prison.
    (SFC, 11/22/17, p.A12)(SFC, 12/8/17, p.A4)

2017        Nov 26, US Rep. John Conyers (88), D-Mich., stepped aside as the top Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee amid sexual harassment allegations. Conyers said he would not resign from Congress and would fight the allegations.
    (SFC, 11/27/17, p.A5)

2017        Dec 5, US Democratic Rep. John Conyers (88) of Michigan, the longest-serving member of the House, resigned following a number of sexual misconduct allegations in recent weeks.
    (SFC, 12/6/17, p.A5)

2018        Jan 14, A federal judge in Detroit dismissed one of several charges against two doctors in connection with a female genital mutilation case. US District Judge Bernard Friedman ruled that Dr. Jumana Nagarwala and Dr. Fakhruddin Attar didn't commit conspiracy to transport a minor with intent to engage in criminal sexual activity.
    (AP, 1/15/18)

2018        Jan 17, In Michigan Desmond Ricks, a Detroit man who served 25 years in prison for murder before proving he was the victim of police misconduct, was awarded $1 million under a state program that compensates the wrongly convicted.
    (SFC, 1/18/18, p.A5)

2018        Jan 24, In Michigan former sports Dr. Larry Nassar (54) was sentenced to 40 to 175 years in prison for molesting some of the nation’s top gymnasts under the guise of medical treatment. Nassar would first have to serve a 60-year federal sentence for child pornography crimes. On Jan. 30 Nassar faced a third sentencing hearing during which a judge said the number of people abused by Nassar had climbed to 265.
    (SFC, 1/25/18, p.A7)(SFC, 2/1/18, p.A7)

2018        Feb 3, It was reported that Global food conglomerate Nestle is in a battle with critics in tiny Osceola Township, Michigan where residents complain the Swiss company's water extraction techniques are ruining the environment. Nestle began pumping water in the region in the early 2000s for its "Ice Mountain" brand of bottled water. Nestle pays just $200 a year to the state of Michigan to pump more than 130 million gallons (590 million liters) of water.
    (AFP, 2/3/18)

2018        Feb 5, In Michigan former sports Dr. Larry Nassar was sentenced to a third prison term of 40 to 125 years for molesting young athletes at an elite Michigan training center.
    (SFC, 2/6/18, p.A7)

2018        Feb 23, High waters in the US Midwest persisted in Indiana, Michigan and Ohio in areas swamped by heavy rains and melting snow.
    (SFC, 2/24/18, p.A6)

2018        Feb 25, Severe thunderstorms in US Midwest left at least five people dead over the last 24 hours including one in Michigan, three in Kentucky and one in Arkansas.
    (SFC, 2/26/18, p.A5)

2018        Mar 2, James Eric Davis Jr. (19), shot and killed his parents, James and Diva Davis, this morning in a dormitory at Central Michigan Univ. in Mount Pleasant. The suspect, who was taken to a hospital the previous evening for a drug-related health problem, fled the campus. Davis was arrested shortly after midnight.
    (SFC, 3/2/18, p.A7)(SSFC, 3/4/18, p.A12)

2018        Mar 19, The US Supreme Court gave the green light to two class-action lawsuits filed by residents of Flint, Michigan who are pursing civil rights claims against local and state officials over lead contamination in the city's water supply.
    (Reuters, 3/19/18)

2018        Apr 15, Deadly spring storms that spawned tornadoes in the US South and blizzards in the Plains and Midwest continued to blast across the region. About 70,000 homes and businesses were without power across Michigan, New York, Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi.
    (Reuters, 4/15/18)

2018        Apr 23, The Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded to seven recipients at the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House. The honors went to: LeeAnne Walter for exposing the 2015 water crisis in Flint, Mich.; Manny Calonzo of the Philippines for helping to persuade the government to ban lead paint; Makoma Lekalakala and Liz McDaid of South Africa for exposing a secret government deal with Russia that would have increased their country's nuclear power production; Francia Marquez of Colombia whose work helped end water pollution form illegal gold mining in her hometown; Claire Nouvian of France for her public awareness campaign against a supermarket chain that relied on deep-sea bottom trawling for catching fish; and Khanh Nguy Thi of Vietnam for her work to stop the expansion of coal-fired power plants and helping her country chart a plan for sustainable energy independence.
    (SFC, 4/23/18, p.C3)

2018        Apr 25, The Detroit-based Ford Motor co. announced that it would stop producing its Taurus sedan, a car that was once America's top seller. The Taurus had debuted in 1985 for the 1986 model year.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Taurus)(SFC, 4/28/18, p.D1)

2018        May 16, Michigan State Univ. announced a $500 million settlement with 332 women and girls who said they were molested by sports doctor Larry Nassar.
    (SFC, 5/17/18, p.A14)

2018        May 31, Shares of General Motors posted their largest one-day gain since the company's rebirth from bankruptcy eight years ago, after Japanese technology conglomerate SoftBank decided to pump $2.25 billion into GM's autonomous car unit. GM said that it will add $1.1 billion to SoftBank's investment in an effort to speed large-scale deployment of self-driving robotaxis next year.
    (AP, 5/31/18)

2018        Jun 11, In Michigan the owners of the 105-year-old Michigan Central Station in Detroit announced the sale of the building to the Ford Motor Co. for redevelopment.
    (SFC, 6/12/18, p.A12)

2018        Jun 18, General Motors said it is getting rid of three Cadillac sedans and replacing them with two new ones over the next 3½ years.
    (AP, 6/18/18)

2018        Jul 25, General Motors, facing rising commodity costs in a trade showdown with Europe and elsewhere, cut its outlook for the year. The rest of the auto sector was dragged down as well.
    (AP, 7/25/18)

2018        Jul 28, In southwestern Michigan afire swept through the Cosmo Extended Stay Motel in Sodus early today killing five children and their mother.
    (SSFC, 7/29/18, p.A9)

2018        Jul, In Michigan a search was conducted at the Rev. Jonathan Wehrle's luxury home in Williamston. Police discovered $63,000 hidden above ceiling tiles in his Michigan home. Wehrle has been charged with six counts of embezzling $100,000 or more from St. Martha Church in Okemos. Auditors say more than $5 million is missing.
    (AP, 8/2/18)

2018        Aug 16, Aretha Franklin (76), the music legend, icon and Grammy-winning singer celebrated as the "Queen of Soul," died at her home in Detroit. She influenced generations of female singers with unforgettable hits including "Respect" (1967), "Natural Woman" (1968) and "I Say a Little Prayer" (1968).
    (AFP, 8/16/18)

2018        Sep 1, In Michigan the body of Brica Flores-Rivera (42) was found in Buel Township, 85 miles (135 km) north of Detroit. Leobardo Torres-Castillo and his sister, Francisca Vargas-Castillo, were later charged with murder. The three Mexicans worked at a dairy farm and did not have permission to be in the country.
    (AP, 9/12/18)

2018        Sep 6, American billionaire Richard DeVos (b.1926), co-founder of the direct-selling giant Amway, died at his home in Ada, Michigan. He was the owner of the NBA team Orlando Magic and father-in-law of US Education Secretary Betsy DeVos.
    (SFC, 9/7/18, p.D2)

2018        Sep 9, In Michigan three young men were shot to death in a White Castle on Detroit's west side.
    (SFC, 9/10/18, p.A5)

2018        Sep 12, In Michigan Tanaya Lewis (17) fatallystabbed classmate Danyna Gibson (16) at Detroit's Warren Fitzgerald High School in an alleged dispute over a boy.
    (SFC, 12/22/18, p.A5)

2018        Sep 14, Tina Talbot of Waterford, Michigan, fatally shot her husband, Milosz Szczepanowicz, after he had beaten her for days and threatened to kill her and her son. She pleaded guilty to manslaughter in 2019 and was sentenced to 20 months to 15 years. In 2020 she was released from prison after serving 20 months.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y54s26xb)(SFC, 11/18/20, p.A5)

2018        Oct 10, It was reported that lack of markets led officials to suspend recycling programs in Gouldsboro, Maine; DeBary, Florida; Franklin, New Hampshire; and Adrian Township, Michigan. Programs have been scaled back in Flagstaff, Arizona; La Crosse, Wisconsin; and Kankakee, Illinois.
    (AP, 10/10/18)

2018        Oct 12, In Detroit, Mich., the decomposed bodies of 11 infants were found in a ceiling compartment of the former Cantrell Funeral Home. The facility had been closed sinece April when inspectors suspended its license following the discovery of bodies covered with what appeared to be mold.
    (SSFC, 10/14/18, p.A10)

2018        Oct 19, In Michigan police raided the Perry Funeral Home in Detroit. Officers found 36 fetuses in boxes and 27 others in freezers. The business was immediately closed and its license suspended.
    (SSFC, 10/21/18, p.A14)

2018        Nov 6, Michigan voters elected Gretchen Whitmer (D) to serve as state governor.
    (SFC, 11/7/18, p.A6)
2018        Nov 6, Voters in Michigan passed a ballot measure to legalize marijuana. Rashida Tlaib became the first Palestinian-American woman to be elected to the US Congress representing southwest Detroit and its suburbs west to the city of Dearborn.
    (AP, 11/7/18)    (Reuters, 11/7/18)

2018        Nov 26, Detroit-based General Motors said it will lay off 14,700 factory and white-collar workers in North America and put five plants up for possible closure as it restructures to cut costs and focus more on autonomous and electric vehicles.
    (AP, 11/26/18)

2019        Jan 2, In Michigan Christian Maire, in prison for running a child porn ring that targeted vulnerable teenage girls on the internet, was kicked, stomped, stabbed and thrown down a flight of stairs in the federal prison in Milan. In 2022 Adam Wright, nicknamed "Creeper," admitted that he kicked and stomped Maire in the head.
    (Detroit Free Press, 2/14/22)

2019        Jan 3, Michigan's Democratic congresswoman Rashida Tlaib kicked off her term with an expletive-laced vow to impeach Donald Trump, testing her party's discipline and earning a chiding the next day from the president.
    (AP, 1/5/19)

2019        Jan 8, In Michigan a Livonia doctor and seven other people were charged in a prescription drug conspiracy. Dr. Zongli Chang (52) later admitted running an $18 million prescription drug scheme. In April he was sentenced to more than 11 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y27gnh6a)(SFC, 4/19/19, p.A4)

2019        Jan 14, In Michigan Hyundai of South Korea scored two out of three wins in the North American Car, Truck and Utility Vehicle of the Year awards, as the Detroit auto show's press previews officially got underway.
    (AP, 1/14/19)

2019        Jan 30, US governors in Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin declared emergencies as bitter cold due to a split polar vortex caused temperature drops to as low as minus 57 degrees. More than 2,600 flights to and from regional airports were cancelled.
    (SFC, 1/31/19, p.A7)

2019        Feb 7, Former Michigan US Rep. John Dingell (b.1926), died at his home in Dearborn. Dingell had set a record for serving 59 years in the US House before retiring in 2014.
    (SFC, 2/8/19, p.A7)

2019        Mar 22, In Michigan an agreement was announced between the state and attorneys for the ACLU in which faith-based adoption agencies paid by the state will no longer be able to turn away couples or individuals because of religious objections.
    (SSFC, 3/24/19, p.A13)

2019        Apr 1, Michigan-based Kellogg Co. said it is selling its iconic Keebler cookie brand and other sweet snacks businesses to Italy-based Ferrero for $1.3 billion. Kellogg said it is also selling its Mother's and Famous Amos cookie brands, as well as its fruit-flavored snack, pie crust and ice cream cone businesses.
    (AP, 4/1/19)

2019        Apr 15, Jonathan Wolman (68), editor and publisher of the Detroit News since 2007, died of complications from pancreatic cancer.
    (SFC, 4/18/19, p.C2)

2019        Apr 24, It was reported that Ford Motor Co. is sinking a half-billion dollars into electric vehicle startup Rivian in a deal that has the companies working together on a new Ford electric vehicle based on Rivian underpinnings.
    (AP, 4/24/19)

2019        Apr 25, US federal judges ruled that Michigan must redraw dozens of congressional and legislative districts because Republicans unconstitutionally configured them to their political dominance.
    (SFC, 4/26/19, p.A5)

2019        May 8, In Michigan a boy (9) was charged with murder in the fatal shooting with a rifle of his mother in Fawn River Township.
    (SFC, 5/9/19, p.A6)

2019        May 25, In Michigan three people were killed and two people left wounded at a Detroit home. Police later said the victims were targeted by suspect Devon Robinson (18) because they were gay or transgender.
    (SFC, 6/8/19, p.A5)

2019        Jun 7, In southern Michigan a pickup truck rear-ended an Amish horse-drawn carriage killing tow children and injuring three others. The driver of the pickup was intoxicated and held in jail.
    (SSFC, 6/9/19, p.A12)
2019        Jun 7, In Michigan a homeless man was taken into custody in Detroit two days after the body of a woman was found in a vacant home. The bodies of two other women have been found in separate empty dwellings this year and police believed the deaths are related.
    (SFC, 6/10/19, p.A4)

2019        Jun 13, The Michigan attorney general's office dismissed all pending criminal cases tied to the Flint water crisis, ending the current prosecutions of eight current and former officials accused of neglecting their duties and allowing residents to drink tainted water.
    (SFC, 6/14/19, p.A4)

2019        Jul 23, Storms broke the heat in the US Northeast and Midwest but also knocked out power to thousands in Michigan and New Jersey and caused flash flooding in some areas of NYC.
    (AP, 7/23/19)

2019        Jul 30, Ten candidates seeking the US Democratic presidential nomination gathered in the Motor City for the first of two consecutive debates. Spiritualist author Marianne Williamson managed to transcend the morass with her comments on race and the “dark psychic forces" she believes are being driven by President Trump.
    (Yahoo News, 7/31/19)

2019        Jul 31, In Detroit ten more Democratic candidates debated their positions in the US presidential race. Joe Biden’s rivals went right at his strength at several points.
    (Yahoo News, 8/1/19)

2019        Aug 5, In a Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Pittsburgh-based US Steel said it expects to let go fewer than 200 workers following its decision to halt production at a Michigan facility. In mid-June the company said it would idle two blast furnaces at its Great lakes and Gary Works plants, citing lower steel prices and softening demand.
    (Reuters, 8/19/19)

2019        Aug 19, In Michigan three dogs killed 9-year-old Detroit girl Emma Hernandez as she rode a bike. One dog was shot and killed and the others were captured. The owner of the pit bulls or pit-bull mixes was taken into custody.
    (AP, 8/20/19)

2019        Sep 7, Michigan Rep. Justin Amash became the first Republican congressman to call for Pres. Donald Trump's impeachment.
    (Yahoo News, 9/9/19)

2019        Sep 12, United Auto Workers (UAW) President Gary Jones and his predecessor were unnamed officials listed in a federal criminal complaint detailing alleged corruption and embezzlement by union leaders. The complaint was released just two days before the UAW's contracts with Detroit's automakers GM, Ford Motor Co and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV expire on Sept. 14, raising questions about the status of ongoing contract talks.
    (Reuters, 9/13/19)

2019        Sep 15, The United Auto Workers (UAW) said that its roughly 48,000 hourly workers at General Motors Co facilities would go on strike as of midnight today after US labor contract talks reached an impasse, the first nationwide strike at GM in 12 years.
    (Reuters, 9/15/19)

2019        Sep 16, Negotiators for General Motors Co and the United Auto Workers resumed talks to resolve a strike that shut down the automaker's highly profitable US operations. UAW members will get $250 a week from the union's strike fund.
    (Reuters, 9/16/19)

2019        Sep 18, In Michigan Deangelo Martin was charged with four counts of first-degree murder and four counts of felony murder in the killings of the women whose bodies were found in abandoned houses in Detroit from March to June.
    (AP, 9/18/19)

2019        Sep 23, In Michigan a fire destroyed another building that was part of Detroit's popular outdoor art project known as the Heidelberg Project. Artist Tyree Guyton is known for attaching shoes, clocks, vinyl records, stuffed animals and other objects to rundown homes in the neighborhood.
    (AP, 9/23/19)

2019        Sep 26, General Motors Co on reversed its decision not to pay for the healthcare coverage of its striking United Auto Workers union workers, citing confusion around the issue.
    (Reuters, 9/26/19)

2019        Oct 30, In Michigan corn farmers, ethanol producers, refinery representatives, energy traders and state and local officials from the Midwest all blasted away at the Trump administration's proposed biofuels plan for next year during a public hearing hosted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
    (Reuters, 10/30/19)

2019        Nov 1, UAW senior leaders at Ford's US plants recommended approval of a tentative four-year labor agreement with the automaker, sending the deal to the 52,000 UAW members at Ford for final approval. The union previously ratified a similar deal with General Motors Co and will soon move to negotiate with Fiat Chrysler.
    (Reuters, 11/2/19)

2019        Nov 2, The United Auto Workers (UAW) said its president Gary Jones, who has been linked to an ongoing corruption probe by US federal officials, has taken a leave of absence.
    (AP, 11/2/19)

2019        Nov 10, It was reported that Dow Chemical Co. has agreed to fund environmental restoration projects worth an estimated $77 million to compensate for decades of pollution by its plant in Midland, Mich.
    (SSFC, 11/10/19, p.A8)

2019        Nov 20, Gary Jones resigned as president of the United Auto Workers after the union moved to oust him and another official under the cloud of a broadening federal corruption investigation.
    (The Week, 11/21/19)

2019        Nov 28, It was reported that US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has arrested 90 additional foreign students in the metro Detroit area as part of a sting operation by federal agents who enticed-foreign-born students to attend the Univ. of Farmington, a school in Farmington Hills, that marketed itself as offering graduate programs in technology and computer studies. Some 250 students have now been arrested since January.
    (SFC, 11/28/19, p.A8)

2019        Nov 30, In Michigan Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV and the United Auto Workers (UAW) union announced a tentative agreement for a four-year labor contract, a boost for the automaker as it works to merge with France's Groupe PSA.
    (Reuters, 11/30/19)

2019        Dec 4, Former United Auto Workers vice president Joseph Ashton pleaded guilty in Detroit to conspiracy to commit money laundering and wire fraud as part of a wide-ranging federal corruption probe into the union.
    (AP, 12/5/19)

2019        Dec 10, The Detroit News reported that Leotek Electronics USA has agreed to pay $4 million to settle a lawsuit over thousands of defective streetlights in Detroit. The cost of the replacement project was estimated at $7 million.
    (SFC, 12/11/19, p.A5)

2019        Dec 19, In Michigan Michael Bowdler, mayor of River Rouge, received a voicemail that United States Steel Corp was about to send out a press release announcing layoffs for 1,545 workers and the idling of a significant portion of operations at the local Great Lakes Works facility. River Rouge is city of 7,500 that sits on the Detroit River roughly 10 miles south of Detroit.
    (Reuters, 12/20/19)

2020        Mar 4, A US federal judge invalidated Michigan's Medicaid work requirements.
    (SFC, 3/5/20, p.A4)

2020        Mar 10, Five US states (Michigan, Washington, Missouri, Mississippi and Idaho) held Democratic primaries, while North Dakota held a caucus. 352 delegates were up for grabs.
    (AP, 3/10/20)

2020        Mar 16, Many US states began announcing they'd be shutting movie theaters, bars, restaurants museums and all non-essential business. Michigan announced that all bars and restaurants must close to dine-in customers, due to the coronavirus.
    (AP, 3/17/20)

2020        Mar 17, In Michigan a Wayne County jury convicted Devon Kareem Robinson (19) of first-degree premeditated murder, assault with intent to murder and felony firearm in the May 2019 killings of Alunte Davis (21), Timothy Blancher (20) and Paris Cameron (20). Police believed the victims were targeted for their sexual orientation.
    (AP, 3/18/20)

2020        Mar 23, Governors of Michigan, Massachusetts, West Virginia and Wisconsin implemented stay-at-home policies. Worldwide cases of coronavirus top 372,000 and 16,000 dead.
    (Bloomberg, 3/23/20)

2020        Mar 28, Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer issued an executive order requiring communities statewide to restore water service, effectively ending water shutoffs for the duration of the coronavirus pandemic.
    (AP, 3/28/20)
2020        Mar 28, In Michigan the number of coronavirus infections surged in Detroit to 1,381, with 31 deaths. More than a fifth of Detroit's police force was quarantined. Two officers have died and at least 39 have tested positive, including the chief of police.
    (AP, 3/28/20)
2020        Mar 28, Pres. Donald Trump endorsed the $2 trillion coronavirus economic stimulus bill. He signed the bill into law but said he would not be bound by provisions that interfered with his executive authority. Democrats had pushed for increased oversight of a $500 billion corporate loan fund. Trump also approved coronavirus disaster declarations for Michigan and Massachusetts.
    (Bloomberg, 3/28/20)(SFC, 3/31/20, p.A8)

2020        Mar 29, In Detroit, which has a large low-income population, the death toll rose to 31 with about 1,400 infections in a rate that shocked health officials.
    (AP, 3/29/20)

2020        Apr 8, Michigan saw coronavirus cases increase 7% to surpass 20,000. Deaths rose by 114 to 959.
    (AP, 4/9/20)

2020        Apr 16, Governors in seven US Midwest states said they will work in close coordination to reopen the economy in their regions. The governors for Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana and Kentucky have formed a partnership to work together on restarting the economies in their states, they said in a statement.
    (Reuters, 4/17/20)

2020        Apr 21, In Michigan a judge tossed the conviction of Kevin Harrington (37) and threw out his life sentence after prosecutors determined the lead detective coerced a key witness into implicating him and a second man. Harrington had spent 17 years behind bars for a murder he had always insisted he did not commit.
    (NBC News, 4/26/20)

2020        Apr 24, Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer extended her stay-at-home order through May 15 as her state battled to control the coronavirus pandemic, but lifted restrictions so some businesses can open and the public can participate in outdoor activities such as golfing.
    (Reuters, 4/24/20)

2020        Apr 26, In Detroit, Michigan, more than 8,500 infections have been reported, with black people accounting for more than 64% of them. City leaders announced this month that the pandemic has created a projected $348 million budget deficit.
    (AP, 4/26/20)

2020        Apr 29, Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) unveiled a plan to provide tuition-free college or technical certification for essential workers who are serving during the COVID-19 coronavirus crisis.
    (The Week, 4/30/20)

2020        Apr 30, An armed militia’s involvement in an angry protest in the Michigan statehouse marked an escalation that drew condemnation and shone a spotlight on the practice of bringing weapons to protest. Rally organizer Ryan Kelley said the event was intended to pressure Republicans to reject Gov. Whitmer's plan to continue restrictions on work and travel.
    (AP, 5/2/20)

2020        May 1, In Michigan security guard Calvin Munerlyn (43) was fatally shot after he refused to let a woman's daughter enter a Family Dollar in Flint because she wasn't wearing a face mask to protect against transmission of the coronavirus.
    (AP, 5/4/20)
2020        May 1, In Michigan Cornelius Fredericks (16), a Black teenager, died after being restrained for throwing a sandwich. Three staff members were later charged with involuntary manslaughter and second-degree child abuse.
    (SFC, 7/3/20, p.A6)

2020        May 4, Michigan has reported 43,754 confirmed COVID-19 virus cases and 4,049 deaths due to complications from the disease.
    (AP, 5/4/20)

2020        May 5, In Michigan people in some 50 communities participated in largely mail-based local elections. The state secretary had sent absentee ballots to all 740,000 registerred voters in those municipalities to discourage in person voting. More than 4,180 people in Michigan have died from the coronavirus.
    (SFC, 5/6/20, p.A4)

2020        May 14, Michigan announced a settlement in a 2016 lawsuit that alleged the public schools in Detroit were incapable of delivering access to literacy.
    (SFC, 5/15/20, p.A5)

2020        May 18, The Detroit Three automakers and their suppliers began restarting assembly lines after a two-month coronavirus lockdown in a slow revival of a sector that employs nearly 1 million people in the United States.
    (Reuters, 5/18/20)

2020        May 19, Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer declared an emergency for Midland county after two dams breached. Rapidly rising water overtook dams and forced the evacuation of about 10,000 people, where flooding struck communities along rain-swollen waterways. The Edenville Dam, built in 1924, and the Sanford Dam, built in 1925, were breached. Dow Chemical, headquartered in Midland, activated its emergency operations center.
    (Reuters, 5/19/20)(AP, 5/20/20)

2020        May 20, President Trump threatened to halt federal funding to Michigan and Nevada over the distribution of absentee ballots in those states amid the ongoing coronavirus outbreak that has left more than 90,000 Americans dead.
    (Yahoo News, 5/20/20)

2020        May 21, President Donald Trump, who was in Michigan to visit a Ford production plant, signed an emergency declaration authorizing the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency to coordinate disaster relief efforts as floodwaters receded in the center of the state.
    (AP, 5/21/20)

2020        May 28, A Michigan court ordered a barber in Owosso, about 70 miles northwest of Detroit, to close his shop and stop defying the state's coronavirus restrictions, though he vowed to keep cutting hair. Karl Manke (77) said he's not backing down.
    (AP, 5/28/20)

2020        May 29, In Michigan a 19-year-old was killed in Detroit's Greek Town after someone pulled up in an SUV and fired into a crowd of people protesting the death of George Floyd.
    (Insider, 5/30/20)

2020        Jun 3, In Michigan Gary Jones (63), the former president of the United Auto Workers Union, pleaded guilty to embezzling union funds to pay for vacations, liquor and other personal luxuries.
    (AP, 6/4/20)

2020        Jun 5, In Michigan the city of Dearborn removed the statue of Orville Hubbard from the grounds of the Dearborn Historical Museum. It had been removed from the former City Hall in 2015. Orville had advocated segregationist policies and made racist comments over his 35-year tenure that ended in 1977.
    (SFC, 6/9/20, p.A4)

2020        Jun 30, Devon Kareem Robinson (19) of Detroit was sentenced to three life terms in prison with no chance of parole for gunning down two gay men and a transgender woman in May, 2019. Authorities believed they were targeted because of their sexual orientation.
    (NBC News, 7/1/20)

2020        Jul 13, In Michigan the body of Susie Zhao (33), a professional poker player, was found burned in a parking lot at the Pontiac Lake State Recreation area. A Pontiac resident (60), wanted in connection to Zhao's death, was arrested on July 31.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y2vjm75q)(ABC News, 8/1/20)

2020        Jul 14, In Michigan David Hudson (54), from Columbus, Ohio, pleaded guilty to defrauding his former employer Cummins Bridgeway LLC (CBL) of more than $4.5 million.
    (Autoblog, 7/18/20)

2020        Jul 29, The US Justice Department said it would send dozens of law enforcement officers to Cleveland, Milwaukee and Detroit to fight violent crime, expanding the deployment of federal agents to major cities under a program promoted by President Donald Trump.
    (Reuters, 7/29/20)

2020        Jul 30, In Michigan a man who swung a long sword and threw a dagger at Detroit police officers was killed in a clash with cops.
    (Miami Herald, 7/31/20)

2020        Aug 15, In Michigan two men and two women were found dead from gunshot wounds in a house in Sumpter Township, a Wayne County suburb of Detroit. Suspect Raymond Lee Bailey (37) turned himself in the next day.
    (AP, 8/17/20)

2020        Aug 19, It was reported that Michigan will pay $600 million to compensate Flint residents whose health was damaged by lead-tainted drinking water after the city heeded state regulators’ advice not to treat it properly.
    (AP, 8/19/20)

2020        Aug 27, US prosecutors in Detroit said the former president of the United Auto Workers, Dennis Williams (67), has been charged with conspiring with other union officials to embezzle UAW funds. Williams, of Corona, California, was charged with conspiring with successor Gary Jones and others to embezzle money between 2010 and September 2019. Williams was the head of the union from June 2014 to June 2018.
    (Reuters, 8/27/20)

2020        Sep 4, A US federal judge temporarily barred Detroit police from the use of striking weapons, chokeholds, chemical agents and rubber bullets against demonstrators, medical support personnel and legal observers in the city's ongoing anti-racism protests. The order will be in effect for at least 14 days.
    (AP, 9/4/20)

2020        Sep 16, Attorney General William Barr, at Hillsdale College in Michigan, called the coronavirus lockdown orders the “greatest intrusion on civil liberties in American history" since slavery.
    (AP, 9/17/20)

2020        Sep 17, The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services said it had ramped up nighttime aerial anti-mosquito spraying in high-risk areas of western Michigan after announcing it suspects that 28 horses and one human have contracted Eastern equine encephalitis in 11 counties in the state.
    (Reuters, 9/17/20)

2020        Sep 18, A Michigan court ruled that mailed ballots postmarked by Nov. 2 must be counted in the state as long as they are received by a clerk's office within two weeks after the Nov. 3 election.
    (Reuters, 9/18/20)

2020        Sep 30, In Michigan former UAW president Dennis Williams (67), charged with conspiring with other union officials to embezzle UAW funds, pleaded guilty.
    (SFC, 10/1/20, p.A4)

2020        Oct 1, In Michigan Tukoyo Moore, his son (6), and his father’s girlfriend, Isis Rimson (28), were found shot to death in the basement of their house in Warren, a Detroit suburb. A falling-out over drug deals allegedly led to the slayings. On Oct. 13 Nicholas Raad Bahri (37) was arraigned on three homicide charges.
    (TheGrio, 10/14/20)

2020        Oct 2, Michigan's state Supreme Court, which has a Republican majority, struck down months of orders by Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, including a mask mandate, that were aimed at preventing the spread of the coronavirus. It said she illegally drew authority from a 1945 law that doesn’t apply.
    (AP, 10/3/20)

2020        Oct 6, The director of Michigan's state health department issued more orders reinstating coronavirus restrictions negated by a state Supreme Court ruling, saying he has "broad" legal authority to deal with the pandemic.
    (SFC, 10/7/20, p.A8)

2020        Oct 8, In Michigan 13 men were arrested on federal and state charges in connection with an alleged foiled plot to kidnap the state's Democratic governor, Gretchen Whitmer. The arrests grew out of an FBI-led inquiry that began in March and focused on militia groups' discussing the "violent overthrow" of certain government and law enforcement officials. Among those arrested were members of the Wolverine Watchmen, a Michigan militia.
    (NBC News, 10/8/20)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.25)
2020        Oct 8, In Michigan a judge set bond at $100,000 for two conservative political activists who are accused of using false robocalls to dissuade Black residents in Detroit and other Democratic-leaning US cities from voting by mail. The magistrate entered not-guilty pleas on behalf of Jack Burkman (54) of Arlington, Virginia, and Jacob Wohl (22) of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 10/8/20)

2020        Oct 16, Michigan said it will prohibit the open carrying of firearms at polling stations, clerk's offices and other places where absentee ballots are tabulated to prevent voter intimidation.
    (Reuters, 10/16/20)
2020        Oct 16, The Michigan Court of Appeals said that absentee ballots must arrive by Election Day to be counted, blocking a 14-day extension that had been ordered by a lower court.
    (AP, 10/16/20)

2020        Oct 17, Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) slammed President Trump for his "rhetoric" after he took aim at her during his rally in the state.
    (The Week, 10/18/20)

2020        Oct 27, In Michigan a conservative judge yesterday overturned an order by Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson, a Democrat, and ruled that people could carry unconcealed guns at polling places on Election Day.
    (NY Times, 10/28/20)

2020        Nov 11, Donald Trump's presidential campaign sued Michigan to block the state from certifying last week's election results, where the president has trailed Democrat Joe Biden. The president recently trailed Biden in Michigan by more than 148,000 votes, or 2.6 percentage points.
    (Reuters, 11/11/20)

2020        Nov 12, An FBI fugitive task force arrested Leonard Rayne Moses without incident at his home in Grand Blanc, Michigan. Moses was 16 when he was convicted in the 1968 killing of Mary Amplo during civil unrest in Pittsburgh following the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Authorities said Moses and his friends fire-bombed Amplo’s house. Badly burned, Amplo (72) died a few months later. Moses had escaped from custody while attending his grandmother’s 1971 funeral in Pittsburgh.
    (AP, 11/14/20)

2020        Nov 15, Michigan and Washington joined several other states in announcing renewed efforts to combat the coronavirus as more than 11 million cases of COVID-19 have now been reported in the United States — with the most recent million coming in less than a week.
    (AP, 11/15/20)

2020        Nov 18, Michigan began a 3-week ban on indoor dining due to the coronavirus.
    (SSFC, 11/22/20, p.A11)
2020        Nov 18, The University of Michigan said it will pay $9.25 million to eight women who reported emotional or sexual abuse by Martin Philbert, a man who became the school's chief academic officer. Philbert was fired in March, weeks after being put on leave by President Mark Schlissel. He quit as a faculty member in June.
    (AP, 11/18/20)

2020        Nov 20, Michigan's Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey (R) and House Speaker Lee Chatfield (R), the two state GOP lawmakers who met with President Trump at the White House, issued a joint statement following the encounter that they "have not yet been made aware of any information that would change the outcome of the election in Michigan" and, therefore, they will "follow the normal process regarding Michigan's electors".
    (The Week, 11/21/20)

2020        Dec 4, Courts in Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, and Wisconsin ruled against President Trump and his allies in several lawsuits seeking to overturn the results of the presidential election.
    (The Week, 12/5/20)

2020        Dec 7, A US judge rejected a bid to decertify President-elect Joe Biden's election victory in Michigan because of alleged irregularities and to have President Donald Trump declared the winner, the latest failed legal attack on the vote.
    (Reuters, 12/7/20)

2020        Dec 18, Michigan's state Senate and Gov. Gretchen Whitmer agreed to a $465 million pandemic spending plan, including relief payments to businesses and workers struggling to stay afloat because of the coronavirus and government restrictions to curb its spread. The legislation is expected to win House passage on Dec. 21 before legislators adjourn for the year.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y7mlxfnw)(SSFC, 12/20/20, p.A11)

2020        Dec 22, In Michigan the Flint City Council signed off on its portion of a $641 million settlement with residents of the city who were exposed to lead-tainted water.
    (SFC, 12/23/20, p.A4)

2021        Jan 2, In Michigan a plane flying from Georgia crashed into a house in southeastern Lyon Township, killing the pilot and two people aboard.
    (AP, 1/3/21)

2021        Jan 22, Former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick, who recently had his 28-year prison sentence commuted by now-former President Donald Trump in his term’s final hours, returned to family in Georgia following his release from prison. He and his associates are said to have defrauded the Motor City’s pension funds for more than $95 million through shady investment deals that never materialized.
    (AP, 1/22/21)
2021        Jan 22, The third-largest lottery prize in US history went to one winning ticket sold in Michigan for the $1 billion Mega Millions jackpot. Weeks later a four-member suburban Detroit lottery club claimed the $1.05 billion jackpot and opted to receive $557 million after taxes.
    (AP, 1/23/21)(AP, 3/12/21)

2021        Jan 27, Michigan man, Ty Garbin (25), pleaded guilty to participating in a plot to kidnap Gov. Gretchen Whitmer.
    (NY Times, 1/27/21)

2021        Jan 29, Michigan's environmental agency said it has approved construction of an underground tunnel to house a replacement for a controversial oil pipeline in a channel linking two of the Great Lakes in the Straits of Mackinac.
    (AP, 1/29/21)

2021        Feb 25, The former US Olympic gymnastics coach John Geddert (63) died by suicide hours after Michigan prosecutors charged him with human trafficking and sexual crimes.
    (NY Times, 2/25/21)

2021        Mar 3, Citing a global chip shortage General Motors Co extended production cuts at three North American plants and add a fourth to the list of factories hit, and Stellantis to warn the pain could linger far into the year.
    (Reuters, 3/3/21)

2021        Mar 4, Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan said he has turned down 6,200 doses of the newly authorized Johnson & Johnson coronavirus vaccine, favoring shots from Pfizer and Moderna for now. His comments conflicted with guidance from top state and federal health officials.
    (AP, 3/5/21)
2021        Mar 4, Officials announced that the American Civil Liberties Union has named a project addressing LGBTQ and HIV issues after a Michigan native and his husband. The project was created in 1986. Its name change follows a $15 million gift from Stryker and Randjelovic to the ACLU Foundation.
    (AP, 3/4/21)

2021        Mar 16, Public health experts in several states warned that coronavirus cases were rising in several new hot spots after weeks of declining coronavirus infections, deaths, and hospitalizations. Numbers have risen in Michigan, Minnesota, Maryland, and New Jersey. New coronavirus cases have stopped falling in New York City and neighboring counties despite ramped up vaccination efforts.
    (The Week, 3/17/21)

2021        Apr 1, It was reported that infections and hospitalizations in Michigan have risen sharply in recent weeks, giving it more recent cases per capita than any other state. Officials blamed a more contagious variant and a premature return to prepandemic behaviors. Officials confirmed the state's first case of a variant identified in Brazil.
    (NY Times, 4/1/21)(SFC, 4/2/21, p.A6)

2021        Apr 6, Florida, Michigan, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania together reported 44% of the nation's new COVID-19 infections, or nearly 197,500 new cases, in the latest available seven-day period.
    (AP, 4/6/21)

2021        Apr 11, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan urged the Biden administration to ship extra vaccine doses to the state, where coronavirus cases are surging.
    (AP, 4/12/21)

2021        Apr 12, The White House said it was prepared to send additional therapeutic treatments to the state of Michigan, which is experiencing a troubling number of COVID-19 cases, but did not promise more vaccine as the state has sought.
    (Reuters, 4/12/21)

2021        Apr 18, Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) said that she would not implement new COVID-19 lockdown restrictions in response to spiking infections because Republicans sued her last year, calling such moves unconstitutional.
    (The Week, 4/19/21)

2021        Apr 19, In Michigan rocker Ted Nugent revealed he was in agony after testing positive for coronavirus — months after he said the virus was “not a real pandemic." Nugent, a supporter of ex-President Donald Trump, previously called the pandemic a scam and has railed against public health restrictions.
    (AP, 4/19/21)

2021        May 3, In Michigan Detroit city councilman Gabe Leland (38), who was under indictment for federal corruption charges since 2018, resigned from office and admitted in court to accepting an illegal cash campaign contribution.
    (AP, 5/3/21)

2021        May 11, In Michigan former UAW leader Dennis Williams (68) was sentenced to 21 months in prison for corruption. Williams led the UAW from 2014-2018.
    (SFC, 5/12/21, p.A5)

2021        Jun 9, Mohamed Haji (28) of Lansing, Michigan, and two co-defendants pleaded guilty in federal court to conspiring to provide material support to the Islamic State. Muse Muse and Mohamud Muse admitted to the same offense in January 2020.
    (Washington Examiner, 6/10/21)

2021        Jun 10, Former United Auto Workers (UAW) President Gary Jones was sentenced to 28 months in federal prison and will be forced to repay thousands of dollars after he pleaded guilty to two counts of conspiracy in 2020 for plotting to steal $1.5 million in union dues.
    (AP, 6/10/21)

2021        Jun 19, In Michigan a 19-year-old woman was killed after allegedly exchanging gunfire with a police officer near a Juneteenth parade in Flint.
    (NBC News, 6/19/21)

2021        Jun 26, In the Detroit area 6 inches (15 cm) of rain poured down over the last 24 hours. This was the most at one time in 80 years. The volume of water moved faster than it could be pumped out or pushed through sewers to water treatment plants. Democratic Gov. Gretchen Whitmer soon declared a state of emergency for the city and surrounding Wayne County.
    (AP, 7/10/21)

2021        Jul 4, Matiss Kivlenieks (24), a goalie with the Columbus Blue Jackets hockey team, died in Novi, Michigan, as a result of a fireworks mortar that struck him in a hot tub.
    (NY Times, 7/5/21)

2021        Jul 17, In southern Michigan at least four people died while attending the 3-day Faster Horses music festival at Michigan International Speedway, including three men who likely succumbed to carbon monoxide exposure inside a travel trailer.
    (AP, 7/17/21)

2021        Jul 28, Officials in Kalamazoo, Michigan, gathered on the steps of their nearly century-old, Art Deco city hall to announce an anonymous commitment of $400 million to an endowment established in 2017 to spin off annual revenues for the city indefinitely.
    (AP, 7/30/21)

2021        Jul 29, Carl Levin (87), Michigan’s longest-serving senator (1979-2015), died in Detroit. He was held up by his peers in Washington as a paragon of probity.
    (NY Times, 7/30/21)

2021        Aug 3, Detroit's Big Three automakers and the United Auto Workers (UAW) union said they will reinstate requirements to wear masks at all US plants, offices and warehouses beginning on Aug. 4, but are not requiring workers to be vaccinated.
    (Reuters, 8/3/21)

2021        Aug 4, Michigan man Karl Dresch (41), who urged his social media followers to "take back our country" before the assault on the US Capitol, was sentenced to time served in pre-trial detention after pleading guilty to a misdemeanor charge.
    (Reuters, 8/4/21)

2021        Aug 12, Heavy rains brought flooding early today, shutting down some freeways in the Detroit area, as waves of thunderstorms made their way across large swaths of the Midwest and left nearly 1 million homes and businesses without power in Michigan.
    (AP, 8/12/21)

2021        Aug 25, In Michigan a federal court handed down the first sentence in the case surrounding the alleged plot to kidnap Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer. Ty Garbin (25), one of six defendants in the alleged plot, received a sentence of six years in federal prison.
    (Washington Examiner, 8/26/21)(SFC, 8/25/21, p.A4)
2021        Aug 25, In Michigan a woman with 14 tickets won a major decision in a dispute over whether Saginaw city violated the US Constitution by chalking her car tires without a search warrant.
    (AP, 8/26/21)

2021        Sep 6, It was reported that some 3,000 gallons of benzene spilled into sewers last week at Ford's Flat Rock Assembly Plant. Benzene vapors had forced the evacuation of ten homes and a school in the Detroit suburb.
    (SFC, 9/6/21, p.A4)

2021        Oct 14, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer ordered a “whole-of-government" response to elevated levels of lead in Benton Harbor's water and vowed to accelerate the replacement of the southwestern Michigan' community's lead pipes.
    (AP, 10/14/21)

2021        Nov 2, Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan won a third term, a sign that voters approve of his job leading the city out of bankruptcy and restoring basic services like streetlights.
    (NY Times, 11/3/21)

2021        Nov 10, A federal judge approved a settlement worth $626 million for victims of the lead water crisis in Flint, Michigan, in a case brought by tens of thousands of residents affected by the contaminated water.
    (Reuters, 11/10/21)

2021        Nov 13, In Michigan four of five people on a commuter plane died when it crashed on Beaver Island, west of Mackinaw City.
    (AP, 11/13/21)

2021        Nov 15, Michigan reported 3,040 adults hospitalized with the coronavirus, its largest number since late April. Days later the CDC said Michigan leads the nation in new COVID-19 cases with 504 per 100,000 residents.
    (SFC, 11/18/21, p.A5)

2021        Nov 19, Ian Fishback (42), an Army whistle-blower, died an adult foster care facility in Bangor, Mich. His allegations that fellow members of the 82nd Airborne Division in Iraq routinely beat and abused prisoners prompted the Senate to approve anti-torture legislation in 2005.
    (NY Times, 11/23/21)

2021        Nov 29, Michigan recorded a record 4,181 adults hospitalized with the coronavirus, the most since the pandemic began.
    (SFC, 11/30/21, p.A4)

2021        Nov 30, Three students were killed in a shooting at a high school in Oxford, Mich. The police arrested Ethan Crumbley, a 15-year-old suspect. Crumbley carried out the shooting in a Detroit suburb using a handgun his father had bought four days earlier. A fourth injured student died the next day. On Dec. 3 Crumbley's parents were charged with involuntary manslaughter.
    (NY Times, 11/30/21)(NY Times, 12/1/21)(AP, 12/3/21)

2021        Dec 4, James and Jennifer Crumbley, the parents of the teen charged in the Oxford High School shooting, were located and arrested early today in Detroit after a citizen saw their vehicle and called police.
    (Detroit Free Press, 12/4/21)

2021        Dec 21, A new five-year deal ended months-long stalemate between Kellogg and its factory workers in Michigan, Nebraska, Pennsylvania and Tennessee.
    (Reuters, 12/21/21)

2021        Dec 28, In Michigan a newly created independent commission approved maps that create districts so competitive that Democrats have a fighting chance of recapturing the State Senate for the first time since 1984.
    (NY Times, 12/29/21)

2022        Jan 6, Detroit police seized nearly 300 grams of fentanyl — valued at more than $500,000 — as part of a search warrant execution. The raid included the seizure of narcotics, cash, a firearm and vehicles totaling $1,570,159. Officers made a felony arrest on three counts of possession at the residence on the 18500 block of Dale Street.
    (Detroit Free Press, 1/8/22)

2022        Jan 11, Ford's Maverick compact pickup won truck of the year, while its Bronco off-road SUV earned the utility of the year. Honda's redesigned Civic compact car won the car of the year.
    (AP, 1/11/22)

2022        Jan 15, The Univ. of Michigan's Board of Regents fired Pres. Mark Schlissel for having an affair with a subordinate.
    (SFC, 1/17/22, p.A4)

2022        Jan 19, The University of Michigan said it would pay $490 million to 1,050 people to resolve claims of sexual assault against a former sports doctor, in a settlement spanning decades and involving mostly male athletes as victims.
    (Reuters, 1/19/22)

2022        Jan 25, GM said it will spend $2.6 billion to build a new battery factory in the Lansing area and $4 billion to convert its existing factory in Orion Township to make electric pickups. It will also spend about half a billion dollars to make upgrades to its two existing vehicle assembly plants in Lansing.
    (Detroit Free Press, 1/26/22)
2022        Jan 25, South Korea-based LG Chem said its LG Energy Solution subsidiary plans to spend $2.1 billion with General Motors to build a US electric vehicle (EV) battery plant.
    (Reuters, 1/25/22)

2022        Feb 7, The Ambassador Bridge, the busiest land crossing from the United States to Canada, was shut after Canadian truckers blocked lanes to protest their government's pandemic control measures. The bridge, Detroit International Bridge Co., usually handles around 8,000 trucks a day.
    (Reuters, 2/8/22)

2022        Feb 9, In Michigan Kaleb Franks pleaded guilty to conspiracy in an alleged plot to kidnap Gov. Gretchen Whitmer. He was the 2nd man to plead guilty in the plot. Four others faced trial.
    (SFC, 2/10/22, p.A9)
2022        Feb 9, Canadian authorities scrambled to find ways to end the 12-day-long occupation of the national capital's downtown over COVID-19 measures, hoping a combination of criminal charges, traffic tickets and the prospect of losing access to fuel will end the blockades. Ontario Premier Doug Ford called for an end to ongoing protests against pandemic mandates that have blocked and prevented the free flow of traffic on the Ambassador Bridge, a key commercial link between Windsor and Michigan. Protesters also disrupted traffic at Sarnia's Bluewater Bridge linked to the US.
    (Reuters, 2/9/22)(https://tinyurl.com/5n74b5s8)

2022        Feb 12, Protesters opposing pandemic restrictions flouted a court order and emergency rules, continuing to occupy a vital Canada-US trade corridor, hours after a judge granted an injunction to end the blockade that has crippled North America's well-knitted auto industry. Canadian police began clearing protesters blocking a key bridge linking Canada and the United States, more than 12 hours after a court order came into effect that ended a blockade that had snarled international trade.
    (Reuters, 2/12/22)

2022        Feb 13, Canadian police cleared protesters and vehicles that had blocked the Ambassador Bridge, a vital trade route on the border with the United States, making some arrests, but the bridge was not yet open to traffic.
    (Reuters, 2/13/22)

2022        Feb 17, Abbott Laboratories said it was recalling powdered baby formulas, including Similac, made at a Michigan facility after four consumers complained about bacterial infections in infants who consumed the products.
    (Reuters, 2/17/22)

2022        Feb 24, US federal authorities said a strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza has been detected in Michigan in a non-commercial backyard flock of birds in Kalamazoo County.
    (AP, 2/24/22)

2022        Mar 2, Detroit automaker Ford Motor Co. said it will split its electric vehicle and internal combustion operations into two individual businesses, Ford Model e and ford Blue.
    (SFC, 3/3/22, p.C2)

2022        Mar 23, In Michigan Melvin (44) and George DeJesus (48), falsely accused of killing a woman in 1995, were freed from prison. They had been convicted and sentenced to life without parole in 1997 based on the testimony of Brandon Gohagen, who claimed that the brothers had forced him to rape Ms. Midkiff and had then killed her by stomping on her. Gohagen had blamed the brothers in exchange for a deal with prosecutors that allowed him to plead guilty to lesser charges and avoid a mandatory life sentence.
    (NY Times, 3/23/22)

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