Timeline Hawaii

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Facts: http://www.50states.com/hawaii.htm
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 There are 122 Hawaiian Islands.
 (SFC, 4/10/99, p.E3)
 Molokai is 38 miles long and 10 miles wide.
 (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T1)
 Oahu is 608 square miles.
 (SFCM, 3/11/01, p.86)

5.5 Million BP    The main Hawaiian Islands began to form as the Pacific tectonic plate moved over a “hotspot" in the Earth’s mantle. The 5 largest islands formed in order: Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and the Big Island. Molokai and Maui were originally joined.
    (NH, 10/1/04, p.33)

800,000    The Haleakala shield volcano on Maui, Hawaii, appeared about this time.
    (SFEM, 3/16/97, p.28)

200,000    About this time a major earthquake in Hawaii caused a large tsunami that crossed the Pacific in 4 hours and up the shoreline of Japan for 300 yards.
    (SFC, 2/17/97, p.A4)

100,000    About this time another major earthquake in Hawaii caused a large tsunami that crossed the Pacific in 4 hours and up the shoreline of Japan for 300 yards. [see 200,000BP]
    (SFC, 2/17/97, p.A4)

c38,000BCE    Volcanic activity on Kauai ended.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T6)

200-300CE    The original Polynesians arrived probably from the Marquesas. They brought with them edible plants and animals.
    (SFEM, 2/8/98, p.10)

c600CE    Small porkers came to Hawaii with the Polynesians some 1400 years ago, and big pigs arrived with the Europeans.
    (WSJ, 7/25/95, p.A-6)

c600CE    Early settlers from the Marquesas built the Alakoko fishpond and taro fields on Kauai.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T6)

c1297        A temple was built near the Kilauea Volcano that is believed to have been used for human sacrifice. The Waha’ula Heiau temple near Volcanoes National Park was one of the first temples built on the islands, supposedly by a foreigner, who brought brutal religious rituals to the islands.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A3)(SFEC, 9/7/97, p.T8)

c1550        A Great Wall was built on the Big Island behind which refuge, sanctuary and purification could be sought. Puhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park later marked the area.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T9)

1758        Hawaii’s King Kamehameha was born on the big island about this time.

1777        Captain James Cook, while exploring the Pacific, reported on long-board surfers in Tahiti and Oahu and observed that the sport appeared recreational rather than competitive.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)

1778        Jan 18, English navigator Captain James Cook discovered the Hawaiian Islands, which he dubbed the "Sandwich Islands" after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich. About 350,000 Hawaiians inhabited them. Cook first landed on Kauai and then Niihau where his men introduced venereal disease.
    (Wired, 8/95, p.90)(AP, 1/18/98)(HN, 1/18/99)

1778        Nov 26, Captain Cook discovered Maui in the Sandwich Islands, later named Hawaii.
    (MC, 11/26/01)

1779        Feb 14, Captain James Cook (b.1728), English explorer, was killed on the Big Island in Hawaii. In 2002 Tony Horwitz authored "Blue Latitudes," and Vanessa Collingridge authored "Captain Cook: A Legacy Under Fire."
    (WSJ, 10/2/02, p.D12)(www.royal-navy.mod.uk/static/pages/3521.html)

1780        Captain James King returned to Niihau in the Sandwich Islands and charted the island’s bays. Mr. Bligh, later captain of the bounty, was part of the expedition.
    (SSFC, 3/20/05, p.D10)

1786        French explorer Jean-Francois de Galaup de la Perouse set foot near Makena Beach on the Hawaiian island of Maui.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.T5)

1790        In the Sandwich Islands [Hawaii] King Kamehameha built the Puukohola Heiau temple on the Big Island near the village of Kawaihau. It was built to the war god Ku-Ka’ili-moku. The king’s armies soon swept over all the Hawaiian islands and united the people for the first time.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.T8)

1790        Pineapples were introduced to the Sandwich Islands later called Hawaii.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.2)

1790        The Haleakala Volcano on Maui erupted.
    (SFEC, 8/27/00, p.T8)

c1790s        King Kamehameha slaughtered virtually everyone on the island of Lanai (which means day of conquest) after being thwarted in his bid to conquer Maui.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T10)

1792        Three English sailors wandered from Vancouver’s supply ship Daedalus, anchored in Waimea Bay, and were captured and killed by native Hawaiians.
    (SFCM, 3/11/01, p.87)

1793        Capt. George Vancouver introduced cattle to the islands and wrested from King Kamehameha the concession that women as well as men be allowed to eat the meat. The king agreed if separate animals were used. Vancouver called Lahaina "the Venice of the Pacific" due to a vast complex of canals and fish ponds.
    (SFEM, 2/8/98, p.10)(SFEM, 10/10/99, p.43)

1794        Nov 21, Honolulu Harbor was discovered.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1810        Apr, In Hawaii Kaumualiʻi, king of Kauai became a vassal of King Kamehameha I (c.1736-1810), who therefore emerged as the sole sovereign of the unified Hawaiian islands.

1813        Jan 11, The 1st pineapples were planted in Hawaii (or 1/21).
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1815        Henry Opukahaia became the first Hawaiian to convert to Christianity. He had left Hawaii for Connecticut in 1808 but died before he could return. His conversion spurred the Protestant missionaries to come to Hawaii in 1820.
    (SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M5)

1816        Sep 12, Russian agents commenced construction of a Western-style fortress commanding Waimea Bay on the island of Kauai, named Fort Elizabeth after the Russian czarina. Before the fort was completed, Hawaiian King Kamehameha acted to force the Russians out. The Hawaiians finished construction of the fort and renamed it Fort Hipo.
    (HNQ, 6/5/99)

1818        Aug, The frigate La Argentina, commanded by privateer Hipolito Bouchard, arrived in Hawaii. There he acquired a 280-ton corvette called the Santa Rosa de Chacabuco, whose crew had mutinied and sold her to the king of Hawaii.
    (SFC, 11/11/17, p.C3)

1818        Oct 25, Argentine privateer Frenchman Hipolito Bouchard aboard La Argentina and Englishman Peter Corney in command of the Santa Rosa set sail from Hawaii for Alta California with 360 men and 52 canons.
    (SFC, 11/11/17, p.C3)

1819        Monarchists defeated traditionalists at the battlefield of Kuamoo. 300 warriors perished along with the old Hawaiian religion.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T9)

1819        Hawaii’s King Kamehameha II abolished the brutal kapu system of laws. Temples and sacred sites associated with the system began to fall into disrepair. Queen Kaahumanu, helped overturn the kapu belief system by sharing a meal with Kamehameha II following the death of King Kamehameha.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.T8)(SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M5)

1819        The first whalers dropped anchor off the coast of Lahaina, West Maui.
    (SFEM, 10/10/99, p.40)

1820        Aug 7, The 1st potatoes were planted in Hawaii.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1820        Congregational missionaries from New England arrived. The brig Thaddeus delivered the first missionaries and Lucy Thurston taught the native women to sew calico patch work. James Michener later used their story as the focus of his historical novel "Hawaii." [see 1815]
    (Wired, 8/95, p.90)(Hem., 2/96, p.72)(SFEM, 2/8/98, p.10)

1821        The 1st alphabet for Hawaiians was prepared by Christians missionaries. The letters of the alphabet were a,e,h,i,k,l,m,n,o,p,u,w.
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, Par p.17)(Internet)

1823        The first New England missionaries arrived on Maui.

1824        Apr 6, King Kamehameha II's royal yacht, HA`AHEO o HAWAI`I (Pride of Hawaii), sank on the southwest corner of Hanalei Bay near the mouth of the Waioli River, after striking a five-foot deep reef a hundred yards offshore.

1824        Sep 23, Captain Richard Charlton was appointed British Consul to Hawaii.  He arrived in Hawaii and assumed his post in April, 1825.
    (Hawaii state archives)

1824          Dec 22, Chiefess Kapiolani, a Christian, defied Pele, the Hawaiian volcano goddess, and lived.  Tennyson's eponymous poem celebrated the event.

1824        John Hayter painted portraits of Hawaii’s King Kamehameha II and Queen Kamamalu in London shortly before they died there of measles.
    (AH, 10/01, p.14)

1827        Rev. William Richards tried to stop naked Hawaiian girls from swimming out to greet arriving sailing ships. The crew of the John Palmer responded with 4 cannon balls that missed his Front St. home.
    (SFEM, 10/10/99, p.40)

1835        Sep 13, Ladd & Co. began the 1st sugar cane plantation in Hawaii.

1836        King Kamehameha III formed the Royal Hawaiian Band.
    (WSJ, 3/10/05, p.A1)

1838        Sep 2, Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalani (d.1917), last sovereign before annexation of Hawaii by the United States, was born. Lili’uokalani, the last monarch of Hawaii (1891-1893). She composed Hawaii’s most famous song "Aloha Oe."
    (WSJ, 1/23/97, p.A12)(HN, 9/2/98)

1839        Jun 7, Hawaiian Declaration of Rights was signed.
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1839        Congregationalist missionaries built a wood-frame house in Hilo that became known as the Lyman Mission House.
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)

1840s        Leprosy began to appear in Hawaii.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, T3)

1845        King Kamehameha IV moved his capital from Lahaina to Honolulu, Hawaii.
    (SFEM, 10/10/99, p.43)
1845        Makawao on the island of Maui became the first place in Hawaii where commoners could own land. This quickly led to vast sugarcane plantations and ranches served by shops on Baldwin Avenue.
    (SSFC, 9/3/17, p.M5)

1848        Hawaii’s King Kamehameha III instituted Western-style land ownership. Of 13 land divisions 5 were awarded to chiefs who had supported the king’s father in unifying the Hawaiian island group. 8 were retained by the government or king.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1850s        Mormon settlers began arriving on Hawaii. Church members sent money to buy up all the property on Lanai. William Gibson registered the land under his own name and refused to hand the deeds over to the Mormon Church. Gibson went on to become a friend, advisor and cabinet minister to King Kalakaua.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T10)

1850-1900    The Hawaii of this period is described in the 1997 novel "A Map of Paradise" by Linda Ching Sledge.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.3)

1852        Jan 3, The 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii.
    (MC, 1/3/02)

1853        A smallpox epidemic hit Hawaii and 5-6000 people died.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A17)

1858        Aug 17, The 1st bank in Hawaii opened.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1860        Aug 8, Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrived in NYC.
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1862        Walter Murray Gibson arrived at Lanai, Ha., to reorganize a Mormon colony and bought one chief-owned plot for the church. Gibson was later excommunicated for keeping the property in his name. He later bought other chief-owned lands and leased property for sheep and goat ranching.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1863        Sep 17, The Robinson family under widow Eliza Sinclair arrived in Honolulu. They had moved to British Columbia from New Zealand in June, but were advised to relocate to the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).

1864        Jan 24, Eliza Sinclair (d.1892), a widow from New Zealand, paid the Hawaiian monarchy $10,000 in gold for the 70-square-mile Hawaiian island of Niihau. Her son-in-law, Valdemar Knudsen, later paid an additional 1,000 silver dollars for 50 acres that were not included in the original deal.

1866        Jan 6, In Hawaii the first leprosy patients arrived at the new leper settlement of Kalawao on the east side of Molokai’s Makanalua Peninsula. It was established by King Kamehameha V.
    (SSFC, 9/12/10, p.M1)(www.whirledwydeweb.com/kalaupapa/chronology.html)

1866        Nov 12, Sun Yat-Sen (d.1925), Chinese statesman and revolutionary leader, was born (trad) to a Christian peasant near Macao. He attended an Anglican grammar school in Hawaii, and went on to graduate from Hong Kong School of Medicine in 1892.
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(AP, 6/22/97)(HNQ, 6/3/98)

1866        Mark Twain, dispatched to Hawaii for the Sacramento Union, wrote some 25 letters for the paper at $20 per letter.
    (SSFC, 4/18/10, DB p.46)(www.twainquotes.com/sduindex.html)

1867        Mar 11, Great Mauna Loa volcano eruption in Hawaii.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1868        Apr 3, An earthquake estimated at magnitude 7.9 hit the Big Island of Hawaii. 46 people were killed in the resulting tsunami at Keauhou and 31 died in a landslide at Kapapala.

1869        Apr 30, Hawaiian YMCA was organized.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

c1870        The ukulele, invented by Manuel Nunez of Portugal, turned up in the Hawaiian islands.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.B3)

1870s        Eliza Sinclair bought some 21,000 acres at Makaweli on Kauai Island where water was more abundant than on Niihau.
    (SSFC, 3/20/05, p.D11)

1872        Hawaii’s King Kamehameha V asked the Kaiser of Prussia to send a music teacher for the Royal Hawaiian Band. Henry Berger, a Prussian military band leader, arrived and led the group for 43 years. He was later considered the father of Hawaiian music.
    (WSJ, 3/10/05, p.A1)

1873        May 10, Belgian priest Joseph de Veuster (d.1889), aka Father Damien, arrived on Molokai, Hawaii, to tend the spiritual needs of the lepers. The Catholic priest spent his life ministering to the lepers and built homes, churches and moved the whole colony to a more sheltered area. Damien was beatified in 1995. The settlement peaked at about 1200. A film about him was shot in 1998 with Peter O’Toole and Kris Kristofferson.
    (www.whirledwydeweb.com/kalaupapa/chronology.html)(SFEC, 9/8/96, p.T3)(WSJ, 8/14/98, p.A1)

1874        Feb 12, King David Kalakaua (1836-1891) of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), became the 1st king to visit US. King Lunalilo had died without an heir and the legislature elected lawyer David Kalakaua as king.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kal%C4%81kaua)(ON, 11/02, p.5)

1874        Mar 18, Hawaii signed a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the United States.
    (HN, 3/18/99)

1874        King David Kalakaua built the Kalakaua Cottage on Maui, Hawaii. It later became the tasting room for Tedeschi Vineyards.
    (SSFC, 8/28/05, p.E4)

1876        Aug 13, Reciprocity Treaty between US and Hawaii was ratified.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1877        A Hawaiian princess gave a patch of land, smaller than a tennis court, on Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii, to Britain as a memorial to Capt. James Cook.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.C4)

1879        Mar 1, Library of Hawaii was founded.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1880s        Aubrey Robinson and Francis Gay, grandchildren of Eliza Sinclair, founded a business partnership that among other ventures established a sugar plantation on Kauai, Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 3/20/05, p.D11)

1880-1930    The 3rd wave of immigrants arrived in Hawaii to work on sugar cane and then pineapple plantations owned by Europeans and Americans. The first workers were Chinese and they were followed by Japanese, Okinawans, Koreans, Puerto Ricans, Portuguese and Filipinos.
    (SFEM, 2/8/98, p.10,32)

1881        The last king of Hawaii, David Kalakaua, embarked on a world tour with San Francisco as his first stop.
    (SFC, 10/15/18, p.L6)
1881        William H. Purvis introduced macadamia nuts to Hawaii.

1882        Apr 10, Capt. William Matson sailed the schooner Emma Claudina through the Golden Gate toward Hawaii. Matson had just founded his shipping company to cover service between San Francisco and Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, DB p.58)

1882        In Hawaii King David Kalakaua built the Iolani Palace.
    (SFC, 6/20/08, p.A5)(www.iolanipalace.org)

1883        Kamehameha Schools were established under the will of a Hawaiian princess to educate the children of Hawaii. In 2005 a federal appeals court ruled that restricting the schools to only native Hawaiians amounts to unlawful racial discrimination.
    (AP, 8/3/05)

1885        Feb 9, The 1st Japanese arrived in Hawaii.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1886        In Honolulu, Hawaii, a fire destroyed the original Chinatown.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.3)

1887        Jan 20, The U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base. [see Nov 29]
    (AP, 1/20/98)

1887        Nov 29, US received rights to Pearl Harbor on Oahu, Hawaii. [see Jan 20]
    (MC, 11/29/01)

1887        In Hawaii American businessmen forced King Kalakaua to sign a new constitution that took away his power to appoint legislators to the House of Nobles. Members would hence be elected by property owners.
    (ON, 11/02, p.5)

1888        Benjamin Franklin Dillingham, a seaman from Mass., founded the Oahu Railway and Land Co.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A19)
1888        Walter Murray Gibson died and left his Lanai, Ha., property to his daughter and son-in-law, Frederick Hayselden, who started a sugarcane operation, which went bankrupt.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1889        Apr 15, Rev. Damien de Veuster (b.1840), Belgian priest who ministered to leprosy patients in Hawaii, died of leprosy. In 2009 Pope Benedict XVI set his canonization date for Oct 11, 2009. He was beatified in 1995 after the Vatican declared that the 1987 recovery of a nun of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary was a miracle. Audrey Toguchi recovered from lung cancer in 1999 after praying to Damien.
    (AP, 2/21/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Father_Damien)

1891        Jan 20, King David Kalakaua, sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands, died at the SF Palace Hotel of Bright's disease. The USS Charleston returned his body.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C1)(SFC, 5/29/98, p.C18)(SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T11)
1891        Jan 20, Princess Lili’uokalani (52) became queen upon the death of her brother. She fought against making Hawaii a part of the United States, making her unpopular among those Hawaiians who felt they had more to gain from annexation. She believed in "Hawaii for Hawaiians," and conceded less to foreign businesses and governments than her predecessors had.
    (HNPD, 1/25/99)(ON, 11/02, p.5)

1892        Jun 18, Macadamia nuts were 1st planted in Hawaii.
    (MC, 6/18/02)

1893        Jan 17, Hawaii's monarchy was overthrown by a group of businessmen and sugar planters under Sanford Ballard Dole, who forced Queen Lili’uokalani to abdicate and formed the Republic of Hawaii. This coup occurred with the knowledge of John L. Stevens, the US Minister to Hawaii. 300 Marines from the USS Boston were called to Hawaii, allegedly to protect American lives. Queen Lili’uokalani wrote to Pres. Harrison for support.
    (AP, 1/17/98)(HNPD, 1/25/99)(SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T11)(ON, 11/02, p.6)

1893        Feb 1, The US Minister to Hawaii, at the request of Pres. Dole, placed the Provisional Government under formal US protection and raised the US flag over Hawaii.
    (ON, 11/02, p.6)

1893        Mar 29, US Congressman James Blount arrived in Hawaii to investigate the change in government. He later reported to Congress that annexation to the US was being forced and that the people of Hawaii supported their queen.
    (ON, 11/02, p.7)

1893        Nov 13, Queen Lili’uokalani met with Albert Willis, the new US Minister to Hawaii, and refused pardon for the Provisional Government.
    (ON, 11/02, p.7)

1894        Feb 7, The US House of Representatives passed a resolution that prevented the sending of US troops to Hawaii to restore Queen Lili’uokalani.
    (ON, 11/02, p.7)

1894        May 31, The US Senate passed a resolution encouraging Hawaii to establish its own form of government without interference from the US.
    (ON, 11/02, p.7)

1894        Jul 4, The Provisional Government under Judge Stanford B. Dole declared Hawaii a republic.
    (HN, 7/4/98)(ON, 11/02, p.7)

1894        The Church of the Holy Ghost was built by Portuguese immigrants on Maui.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.C6)

1895        Jan 7, The new government of Hawaii placed the country under martial law following news of a planned revolt. Queen Lili’uokalani was convicted of treason and sentenced to 5 years in prison. She was released after serving 2 years under house arrest.
    (ON, 11/02, p.7)

1895        Jan 24, Hawaii’s Queen Lili’uokalani formally abdicated her throne and swore allegiance to the Republic of Hawaii.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)

1895        Nov 13, 1st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii.
    (MC, 11/13/01)

1895        Nov 26, Hawaiian Sugar Planters Assn. formed.
    (MC, 11/26/01)

1895        Royalists attempted a coup and Queen Liliuokalani was arrested and imprisoned in her palace.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T11)

1897        Jun 16, The US government signed a treaty of annexation with Hawaii. The US Congress annexed Hawaii--without a vote from the Hawaiian people. Nearly 22,000 native Hawaiians had signed a petition opposing the annexation.
    (AP, 6/16/98)(HNPD, 1/25/99)(SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M1)

1898        Jun 15, The U.S. House of representatives approved the annexation of Hawaii. Some 38,000 Hawaiians opposing annexation signed the "Monster Petition" that was delivered to Washington by Queen Lili’uokalani. The petition was ignored.
    (HN, 6/15/98)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.D2)

1898        Jul 7, The United States annexed Hawaii and acquired Wake Island to complete a set of coaling stations for ships crossing the Pacific.
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(AP, 7/7/97)(WSJ, 2/23/98, p.A20)

1898        Aug 12, Hawaii was formally annexed to the United States.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1899        Dec, Honolulu’s chief microbiologist reported that plague had arrived in Hawaii. The steamship Nippon Maru had docked there in the summer with a corpse that carried plague.
    (SSFC, 12/19/04, p.E2)

1899        The Matson shipping line began using 266-foot square-rigger Falls of Clyde, built in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1878, to haul molasses to California and return back to Hawaii with kerosene. This continued until 1922 when the ship was demasted and sent to Alaska, where it became a floating fuel dock. In 1963 enthusiasts towed the ship back to Hawaii, where it later came under the ownership of the Bishop Museum. In 2008 new owners hoped to save an renovate the ship.
    (SSFC, 10/19/08, p.A11)

1900        Jan 2, The cargo steamship Australia arrived in San Francisco at the end of a voyage from Hawaii. Plague was known to have already hit Honolulu and rats aboard the ship carried the disease. Wong Chut King became the city’s first victim when he was found dead at the Globe Hotel at Jackson and DuPont (later Grant Ave.). A short term rope quarantine was created around the 6-by-2 block area of Chinatown.
    (SFC, 9/20/14, p.C2)

1900        Feb 22, Hawaii became a US territory. [see Apr 30]
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1900        Apr 30, Hawaii was organized as a U.S. territory. [see Feb 22]
    (AP, 4/30/97)

1900        Jun 14, US Congress passed a law granting citizenship to all persons who had been citizens of the Republic of Hawaii at the time of annexation.
    (ON, 11/02, p.7)

1900          Efforts to eradiate plague in Honolulu led to planned fires, one of which got out of control and burned Chinatown. In 2004 James C. Mohr authored “Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu’s Chinatown."
    (SSFC, 12/19/04, p.E2)

1901        Mar 2, Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opened.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1901        In the 1st Hawaiian territorial elections native candidates of the pro-monarchy Home Rule Party overwhelmingly defeated the white leaders of the Hawaiian Republic. Robert Wilcox was elected as the 1st territorial delegate to the US Congress.
    (ON, 11/02, p.7)

1901        The Moana Surfrider Hotel on Oahu began operations.
    (SFEM, 10/8/00, p.23)

1902        In Hawaii Walter Dillingham, son of Benjamin, took over the Oahu Railway and Land Co, and launched the Hawaiian Dredging and Construction Co. It later became the Dillingham Corp.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A19)
1902        Charles and Louisa Gay purchased a portion of the Gibson-Hayselden estate on Lanai, Ha., and within a few years became owners of most of the island. The Gays transitioned the ranches to cattle and mortgaged the property to William G. Irwin and Co. When Gay ran into financial trouble Irwin and partners foreclosed, took over the island and formed the Lanai Co.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1903        Jan 2, The first electronic message was sent across the 2,610 mile Pacific Cable from Honolulu to SF.
    (Ind, 12/26/98, p.5A)

1903        Jul 4, Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Philippines) opened, and Pres. Teddy Roosevelt sent a message. [see Jul 3]
    (Maggio, 98)

1903        Hawaii’s popularly elected territorial legislature first petitioned to become a state and repeated the request at least 17 times. [see 1919]
    (HNQ, 2/23/02)

1905        Feb 28, Jane Lathrop Stanford, the wife of Leland Stanford, died of suspected arsenic poisoning at the Moana Hotel in Honolulu. A coroner’s jury confirmed the result. Her body was returned to the mainland under the care of David Starr Jordan, the president of Stanford Univ. An examination by Stanford physicians claimed no trace of strychnine and set heart attack as cause of death. A will signed 19 months earlier had left the bulk of her $30 million estate to Stanford Univ. In 2003 Robert Cutler authored "The Mysterious Death of Jane Stanford." [see Jan 14]
    (Ind, 5/26/01, 5A)(SFC, 11/20/03, p.A21)

1906         In Hawaii the Kohala Ditch, a massive irrigation system, opened on the Big Island. Seventeen workers from Japan died during its construction.
    (SSFC, 9/3/17, p.M5)
1906        Gay and Robinson joined other sugar planters in the California & Hawaiian Sugar Co. with operations in the SF Bay Area. C&H Sugar took over a waterfront mill in Crockett, Ca.
    (SSFC, 8/31/03, p.I3)(SSFC, 3/20/05, p.D11)

1909        Feb 3, Pres. Theodore Roosevelt signed Executive Order 1019 which established a bird sanctuary of some of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
    (SFC, 6/15/06, p.A2)(www.fws.gov/refuges/profiles/index.cfm?id=12526)

1909        Nov 11, Construction began on the naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.
    (HN, 11/11/98)

1915        Mar 25, The first submarine disaster occurred when a U.S. F-4 sank off the Hawaiian coast.
    (HN, 3/24/98)

1915        Aubrey Robinson banned tourists from Niihau, Hawaii, and severely restricted visits.
    (SSFC, 3/20/05, p.D11)

1917        Nov 11, Lydia Kamekeha Lili’uokalani, the last queen of the Hawaiian Islands, died. She wrote the song "Aloha ‘Oe" and the book "Hawaii’s Story By Hawaii’s Queen."
    (WUD, 1994, p.830)(ON, 11/02, p.7)

1917        Frank and Harry Baldwin, sons of missionaries from Maui, Ha., acquired Lanai Island from the Lanai Co.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1918        Aug 9, Mother Marianne Cope (b.1838), a nun from Utica, New York, died in Kalaupapa, Hawaii. She had cared for lepers exiled to the Kalaupapa Peninsula. In 2012 she was named a saint in the Catholic church.
    (AP, 10/20/12)

1919        The first Hawaiian statehood bill was introduced. Congressional reluctance to Hawaii’s admission was based on concern about admitting a noncontiguous state, fears of excessive Communist influence among unionized workers and Southern concerns about the admission of pro-civil rights congressmen. Hawaii’s popularly elected territorial legislature first petitioned to become a state in 1903.
    (HNQ, 2/23/02)

1922        James Dole, a Boston businessman, bought 98% of Lanai Island, Ha., from the Baldwins for $1.1 million and planted 16,000 acres of pineapple. Dole built Lanai City, a harbor, infrastructure and brought in workers from China, Japan and the Philippines.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T10)(SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1923        Thomas Jaggar, founder of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, warned of a tidal wave  (tsunami) approaching Hilo. At least one fisherman was killed.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A5)

1924        Sep 7, Daniel Ken Inouye, (Sen-D Hawaii, 1963- ), was born.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1925        May, Lee Morse (1897-1954), US jazz and blues singer and songwriter, recorded her hit song Ukulele Lady. Her most popular years were in the 1920s and early 1930s, although her career began around 1917 and continued until her death.

1925        Ernest Van Tassel leased 75 acres on Round Top in Honolulu (Nut Ridge) and began a macadamia nut orchard, Hawaii's first macadamia nut farm.

1927        Jul 12, Thousands of San Franciscans welcomed Lt. Lester Maitland and Lt. Albert Hegenberger after their heroic flight from the West Coast to Hawaii. The returned on the steamer Maui.
    (SFC, 7/12/02, p.E9)

1927        The pink Royal Hawaiian Hotel was built on Oahu in a Moorish style.
    (SFEM, 10/8/00, p.23)

1928        May 1, Lei Day, a Hawaiian celebration, was begun.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1929        Ernest Van Tassel negotiates with Bishop Estate to obtain 100 acres of land in Keahoe Mauka for planting more than 7000 macadamia nut trees resulting in the first macadamia nut farm on the island of Hawaii.

1931        Apr 27, Hawaii recorded a record 100 degrees in Pahala.
    (SFC, 4/27/09, p.D10)

1931        Sep 12, In Honolulu, Hawaii, Thalia Massie, wife of a Navy officer, accused 5 nonwhite island men of gang rape. A trial that followed resulted in a hung jury. On Jan 8, 1932 a vigilante group that included the Massie’s killed, Joseph Kahahawai, one the rape suspects.
    (SFC, 5/28/05, p.E1)

1931        Ernest Van Tassel establishes a macadamia nut processing factory on Puhukaina Street in Kakaako; nuts sold as Van's macadamia nuts.

1932        Jan 8, Joseph Kahahawai (21) was kidnapped and killed by a vigilante group following an alleged gang rape. Thalia Massie, her husband, mother, and 2 other suspects were convicted of manslaughter in the Kahahawai murder, but their sentences were commuted to one hour in the custody of Territorial Gov. Lawrence Judd. They then sailed to SF to avoid a new trial. In 2005 David E. Stannard authored “Honor Killing: How the Famous Masie Affair Transformed Hawaii."
    (SFC, 5/28/05, p.E1)

1931        Ellery J. Chun (d.2000 at 91) designed the 1st Hawaiian aloha shirt for mass-production and sale at his family’s store in Honolulu. He put a trademark to the aloha shirt name in 1936.
    (SFC, 6/8/00, p.C7)(SFEC, 6/25/00, p.B13)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C8)

1935        In Australia cane toads from Hawaii were introduced to wipe out beetles that were devastating Queensland's sugar cane industry. The beetles survived and the toads became a pest and a threat to the native quolls, small spotted marsupials.
    (Econ, 7/12/03, p.38)(SFC, 6/10/06, p.B8)

1936        Apr 18, Pan-Am Clipper began regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1936        The Kamehameha Garment Co. was founded in Hawaii.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.G9)

1938        In Hawaii the $1.4 million Shangri La estate of tobacco heiress Doris Duke (1912-1993), begun in 1936, was completed on 4.9 acres east of Diamond Head. Duke collected Islamic art and in 2002 the estate was opened for limited public tours and research.
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.C9)(SSFC, 2/25/07, p.G5)

1938-1940    Eugene Savage painted 6 Hawaiian murals commissioned by the Matson cruise ship line. They depicted Capt. Cook’s discovery of the islands and a luau with King Kamehameha. Matson used the designs on menu covers until 1957. The Kamehameha Garment Co., founded in 1936, adopted one of the murals for its “Aloha shirts."
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.G9)

1941        Jan 16, US vice admiral Bellinger warned of an assault on Pearl Harbor.
    (MC, 1/16/02)

1941        Nov 1, Japanese marine staff officers Suzuki and Maejima arrived in Pearl Harbor.
    (MC, 11/1/01)

1941        Nov 5, Japanese marine staff officers Suzuki and Maejima left Pearl Harbor.
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1941        Nov 28, The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise departed Pearl Harbor to deliver F4F Wildcat fighters to Wake Island. This mission saved the carrier from destruction when the Japanese attacked.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1941        Dec 7, At 7:50 a.m. [7:55 a.m.] Japan launched an aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, the home base of the U.S. Pacific fleet, and forced US entry into the war. They also attacked the Philippines, the Int’l. Settlement at Shanghai, Thailand and Hong Kong. Relations between Japan and the United States had been strained for a decade as both nations sought to dominate the Pacific. Long aware that a Japanese surprise attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor could precede war, U.S. authorities were still woefully unprepared when 363 Japanese fighters, dive-bombers and torpedo planes sunk or damaged eight battleships and three light cruisers, destroyed 188 planes and killed 2,400 men in just over two hours. The Battleship Arizona lost 1,177 men. An estimated 900 were entombed in the sunken ship. 429 people aboard the battleship Oklahoma were killed as the ship capsized. The US lost [18] 19 ships, 140 aircraft and 2,300 [2,338] lives. In all 2,403 people were killed and 1,178 were wounded; 187 planes were destroyed and 159 damaged. The Japanese lost 29 planes and 5 midget submarines. The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounced December 7, 1941, as a "date which will live in infamy" as he asked Congress to declare war on Japan.
    (TL,1988,p.112)(SFC,12/7/96,p.A3)(SFC12/6/96, p.A5)(SFC,12/5/97, p.A29)(AP, 12/7/97)(HNPD, 12/7/98)(SFC, 3/23/19, p.A5)
1941        Dec 7, Evidence arose in 1999 that one of five Japanese mini submarines penetrated Pearl Harbor and hit at least one ship with torpedoes. In 1999 Robert B. Stinnett published "Day of Deceit: The Truth About FDR and Pearl Harbor." Edward Latimer "Ned" Beach (1918-2002), former Navy captain authored "Scapegoats! A Defense of Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor."
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/7/99, p.A24)(SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)

1942        May 30, US aircraft carrier Yorktown left Pearl Harbor.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1944        May 21, In Hawaii the tank landing ship LST-353 exploded at West Loch while handling ammunition. In a short space of time, six LSTs were so damaged that they sank. Two others were severely damaged. The total casualties from the tragedy were 163 dead and 396 injured.

1946        Apr 1, Two large earthquakes shook the Scotch Cap Lighthouse on Unimak Island, Alaska. A resulting tsunami washed away the lighthouse. The Aleutian Islands earthquake also triggered a Pacific-wide tsunami that killed 165 people and caused over $26 million in damages. Tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths. 91 people were killed in Hilo.
    (AP, 4/1/98)(Ind, 6/8/02, 5A)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)(SFC, 4/1/09, p.D8)

1949        The US started a rudimentary tsunami warning program at Ewa Beach, Honolulu.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A5)

1952        Nov 4, A magnitude 9.0 quake in Kamchatka caused damage but no reported deaths, despite setting off 30-foot (9.1-meter) waves in Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1953        The Coco Palms Hotel was built on Kauai. It was destroyed by Hurricane Iniki in 1992.
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C12)

1954        Jan 9, Former Hawaii Gov. Ingram Steinbeck said this is no time to admit the territory of Hawaii to the Union, because left wing labor unions had an economic stranglehold on the islands.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.E2)

1957        The film "South Pacific" was filmed on the island of Kauai, Ha.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.T9)

1958        Mar, Charles D. Keeling (1928-2005) installed a gas analyzer on the slopes of Mauna Loa, Hawaii. It gave a reading of 314 ppm for carbon dioxide. It was part of the International Geophysical Year project and the carbon dioxide research was under Keeling. The atmospheric chemist had begun monitoring the pure air at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and the South Pole. Subsequent CO2 readings indicated climbed steadily and became known as the Keeling Curve. After one year of gathering data it was clear that the whole planet has an annual cycle for photosynthesis and respiration that is visible by measuring carbon dioxide concentration. [See 1988]. 50 years later the CO2 reading was about 387 parts per million.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_David_Keeling)(WSJ, 12/14/07, p.B1)(Econ, 9/17/11, p.89)

1959        Mar 12, The US House joined the Senate in approving the statehood of Hawaii.

1959        Mar 18, President Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill. Hawaii became a state on Aug. 21, 1959.
    (AP, 3/18/07)

1959        Jul 28, In preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Hiram L. Fong, to the Senate and the first Japanese-American, Daniel K. Inouye, to the House of Representatives. Hiram Fong served 3 terms.
    (AP, 7/28/97)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)

1959        Aug 21, Hawaii became the 50th state as President Eisenhower signed an executive order, five months after he'd signed the Hawaiian statehood bill.
    (AP, 8/21/08)

1959        Aug 24, Three days after Hawaiian statehood, Hiram L. Fong was sworn in as the first Chinese-American U.S. Senator while Daniel K. Inouye was sworn in as the first Japanese-American U.S. Representative.
    (AP, 8/24/97)

1959        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote his novel "Hawaii."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1959        Martin Denny recorded an album that typified the Hawaiian Exotica style. Arthur Lyman (d.2002 at 70), vibraphonist, played in the combo.
    (SFC, 3/8/02, p.A31)

1960        Jul 4, The 50-star flag made its debut in Philadelphia. A 50th star was added to the American flag in honor of Hawaii's admission into the Union on August 21, 1959.
    (HN, 7/4/98)(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1960        May 22, Chile experienced a 9.5 earthquake. A slow earthquake was detected just before the big one. It caused tsunamis in every coastal town between the 36th and 44th parallels with a death toll of some 1000 people.
    (PCh, 1992, p.977)(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)

1960        May 23, A tidal wave, due to a 9.5 earthquake off Chile, hit Hilo, Hawaii. It killed 61 people, wiped out the beaches and destroyed 537 buildings. It went on to hit Japan.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T4)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)

1960        Nov 8, Hawaiians voted for the first time in a US presidential election. John Kennedy beat Richard Nixon by a margin of 2115 votes.

1961        Mar 25, Elvis Presley (26) performed live on the USS Arizona, a fund raiser for a memorial. Col. Parker, Presley's manager, came up with the brilliant idea to have Elvis Presley give the benefit concert in the 4,000-seat Bloch Arena next to the entrance to Pearl Harbor.
    (Internet)(MC, 3/25/02)

1961        Aug 4, Barack Obama, later US Senator from Illinois, was born in Honolulu to a black Kenyan father and a white American mother. He lived most of his early life in Hawaii. From ages six to ten, he lived in Jakarta, Indonesia with his mother and Indonesian stepfather.

1961        The film "Blue Hawaii" with Elvis Presley was shot around the Coco Palms Hotel on Kauai.
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C12)
1961        Hawaii created America’s first state-wide system for regulating land use.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.46)
1961        Castle & Cooke bought out Dole’s operations on Lanai, Ha. In 1973 it unveiled plans to transition Lanai from pineapples to luxury resorts.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1962        Jul 4, KIKU (now KHNL) TV channel 13 in Honolulu, HI (IND) 1st broadcast.

1962        The film "Girls, Girls, Girls" with Elvis Presley was shot mostly on Kauai, Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M5)

1965        The Rockefeller family built the Mauna Kea resort on the undeveloped Kona Coast of the big island.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T4)

1966        The film "Paradise, Hawaiian Style" with Elvis Presley included scenery from Oahu, Maui and the Big Island of Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M5)

1966        In Hawaii Aloha Friday, a tradition of wearing Hawaiian fashion, became official.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.A12)

1967        Apr-May, The US military conducted chemical warfare tests, Red Oak, Phase 1, in the Upper Waiakea Forest Reserve of Hawaii using shells and rockets filled with sarin gas.
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.A3)

1968        Sep 26, Hawaii Five-O premiered on CBS TV and continued to 1980. It starred Jack Lord (d.1998 at 77) and was the longest running police show in TV history. Its theme song was "Walk Don’t Run" by the Ventures. Lord (born as John Joseph Patrick Ryan) was a painter off TV and his canvasses sold privately for top dollar.
    (SFC, 7/11/96, p.D4)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.D3)

1968        The Byodo-In Temple was constructed at the foot of the Koolaus Mountains on Oahu. It was a replica of a 900-year-old Buddhist shrine in Uji, Japan.
    (SFEM, 10/12/97, p.20)

1969        Jan 14, An explosion on the US carrier Enterprise, 75 miles from Hawaii, resulted in 28 dead and over 300 injured.

1969        A new state capital was built on Honolulu and replaced the Lolani Palace for legislative and executive offices.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T11)

1974        Aug 26, Charles Lindbergh (72), the first man to fly solo, nonstop across the Atlantic, died at his home in Hawaii. In 1998 A. Scott Berg authored "Lindbergh." Earlier Lindbergh’s daughter authored her memoir "Under a Wing."
    (AP, 8/26/97)(SFEC, 11/15/98, Par p.29)

1974        Tedeschi Winery began producing grape wine on Maui.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.C6)

1975        Dole Corp. left Molokai.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.T3)

1976        May 1, Kawika Kapahulehua (d.2007 at 76), leading a 15-man crew on a double-hulled canoe with sails, departed Hawaii to Tahiti. Organizer and anthropologist Ben Finney wanted to prove the trip was possible. They reached Tahiti after 34 days despite issues of ethnicity raised by part of the crew. Mau Piailug (1932-2010), Micronesian master navigator, steered the Hokule’a (Star of Gladness) by the stars, the feel of the wind and the look of the sea. 
    (SFC, 5/28/07, p.D3)(Econ, 7/24/10, p.84)

1976        Patrick Quesnel rowed from Washington state to Hawaii. In 2008 Roz Savage became the first woman to row solo from SF to Oahu completing the trip in 99 days.
    (SFC, 6/20/14, p.D8)

1977        Sep 13, Kilauea volcano began erupting in Hawaii.

1978        Hawaii adopted a master plan for land use in the state.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.46)

1979        Dec 12, Clara Haili (b.1901), Hawaiian singer (aka Hilo Hattie), hula dancer, actress and comedian, died. She had become famous in the late 1930s for her song “When Hilo Hattie Did the Hula Hop."
    (SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilo_Hattie)

1979        Aquanaut Sylvia Earle planted an American flag on the sea floor off Oahu’s Makapu’u Point on the deepest untethered dive at 1,250 feet.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.T5)

1982        Aug 11, Pan Am flight 830 from Tokyo to Honolulu was bombed. One boy was killed and 15 people were injured. In 1998 Mohammed Rashid, a Palestinian national, was turned over to the US by Egypt on charges related to the bombing.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_Am_Flight_830)

1982        Del Monte ceased operation on Molokai.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.T5)

1982        Hurricane Iwa hit Hawaii. It took away the steeple of the 1850s Waimea United Church of Christ.
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C12)

1983        Jan 3, The Pu’u O’o vent of the Kilauea volcano lit up the skies for the first time and began a state of almost constant eruption.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T6)

1985        David Murdock, American businessman, bought Castle & Cooke, whose holdings included most of Lanai, Ha. In 1990 he opened the lodge at Koele and in 1991 the Manele Bay Resort.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1987        Oct 31, Joseph Campbell (b.1904), American writer and professor of mythology, died in Hawaii at age 83.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Campbell)

1987        The Westin Kauai was completed by developer Christopher B. Hemmeter (d.2003).
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A29)

1987        In Hawaii 2 millimeter/submillimeter radio telescopes were completed on Mauna Kea: the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (10.4m) and the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (15m).
    (Hem., 7/95, p.115)

1988        The Hilton Waikaloa Village opened on the Big Island. A lagoon with Atlantic bottlenose dolphins incorporated into the plan.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T6)

1988        The 54,000 acre Molokai Ranch was bought by Brierley Investments, a New Zealand-based, multibillion-dollar company.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.T7)

1989        Mar 2, Exxon Houston ran aground in Hawaii and spilled 117,000 gallons of oil.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1989        Sep 28, Deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72. He was the author of 2 books: "The Law of Human Rights in the Philippines" and "Democracy in the Philippines." Marcos’ corrupt US backed regime in the Philippines spanned over twenty years. Corazon Aquino was his successor.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A26)(AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 5/12/97, p.A18)

1989        Oct 28, Twenty people were killed in the crash of a commuter plane on the island of Hawaii.
    (AP, 10/28/99)

1989        A 6.1 earthquake hit the big island of Hawaii.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T6)

1990        Volcano Winery was founded on Hawaii’s Big Island, adjacent to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
    (SSFC, 8/28/05, p.E4)

1991        Sep 14, Carolyn Suzanne Sapp of Hawaii was crowned "Miss America."
    (AP, 9/14/01)

1991        Brierley Investments Ltd. of New Zealand purchased the Molokai Ranch, formerly owned by the Cooke family, for tourism and real estate development. Plans in 1999 included 1200 new homes on the property. Molokai Island had 6,700 residents.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T5)

1991        Japanese developers spent $104 million to develop the Koolau Golf Course on Oahu. The investors defaulted on their loans and the course was sold at auction in Sep 1997 for 12 million.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.A1)

1992        Sep 11, Hurricane Iniki struck Hawaii, leaving at least five people dead and more than 10,000 homes damaged or destroyed. Iniki caused some $1.6 billion in damages on Kauai.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.26)(AP, 9/11/97)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C12)

1992        On Kauai the $16 million San Marga Iraivan Temple was begun under the direction of Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, aka "the Gurudeva."
    (WSJ, 3/17/99, p.B10)
1992        Lanai, Hawaii, had its last pineapple harvest.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1993        May 25, In the Philippines Rogelio Roxas, a coin-collector and treasure hunter, died from apparent poisoning as he prepared to leave for a court appearance in Hawaii. In 1996 a Hawaiian court awarded the Golden Buddha Corp., a consortium established by Roxas, $22 billion in damages to be collected from the Marcos estate for the stolen Yamashita treasure.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A18)(www.state.hi.us/jud/20606.htm)

1993        May, The Keck I telescope on the dormant Mauna Kea volcano in Hawaii began science observations. The twin telescopes at the W.M. Keck Observatory were based on a design by Prof. Jerry Nelson (1944-2017).
    (www.keckobservatory.org/geninfo/about.php)(SSFC, 6/25/17, p.C10)

1993        Oct 28, Doris Duke (b.1912), the only child of American Tobacco founder James Buchanon, died. She left a fortune to her butler, Bernard Lafferty (d.1996). She left $1.2 billion to her Doris Duke Charitable Foundation which took over management of her Shangri La home in Hawaii. In 2002 it opened as a museum to promote Middle Eastern art and culture. The foundation also bestowed her trove of Southeast Asian artifacts to the Asian Art museum in San Francisco. 
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doris_Duke)(SSFC, 2/25/07, p.G5)(SFC, 10/24/09, p.E1)

1993        Nov 23, Pres. Clinton signed the “Apology Resolution" to acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the January 17, 1893, overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and to offer an apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the US for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

1993        David Murdock, chairman of Dole Pineapple Corp., shut down the Dole pineapple plantation on Lanai and began transforming the island into a private paradise for wealthy visitors. He soon built the 102-room Lodge at Koele in the manor of an English hunting lodge.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T10)

1994        Dec, Benjamin J. Cayetano was elected governor.
    (WSJ, 6/19/00, p.A47)

1994        A federal jury in Hawaii awarded 9,539 victims and heirs $1.2 billion in "exemplary damages" against the estate of former Philippine Pres. Ferdinand Marcos. In 1995 the same jury awarded the plaintiffs $766 million for injury compensation. In 1996 an appeals court in San Francisco upheld the verdict. In 1999 a $150 million settlement was reached with the funds to come from Marcos funds in Swiss banks.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C4)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A12)

1996        Oct 5, It was reported that a new Hawaiian island, Loiihi, was rising 17 miles southeast of the big island of Hawaii. Its summit was 3,000 feet below the surface and its base was 15,000 feet below that. It was estimated to break surface in about 50,000 years.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A9)

1996        Oct, The Keck II telescope on the dormant Mauna Kea volcano in Hawaii began science observations.

1996        Dec 3, In Hawaii Judge Kevin Chang ruled that the state had to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples (allow gay marriages), prompting an appeal.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.A3)(AP, 12/3/97)

1997        Mar 10, Paul Markham Kalanihukinohomoku Kahn (b.1935), scholar, died. He had compiled a renowned collection of rare books, photographs and manuscripts on Hawaii and made them available for the Hawaiian National Bibliography.
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.A22)

1997        Jul 9, Medical, insurance and pension benefits were allowed to any 2 adults who could not legally marry under a law enacted to ward off homosexual marriages.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A3)

1997        Aug 11, In Hawaii lava from Kilauea Volcano began to flow over the walls of a 700-year-old temple believed to have been used for human sacrifice.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A3)

1997        Lois-Ann Yamanaka authored her Hawaiian novel "Blu's Hanging."
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, BR p.5)

1998        Jan 21, Jack Lord, TV star of "Hawaii Five-O" fame, died in Honolulu at age 77. In 2006 it was revealed that he left behind $40 million to a dozen local charities.
    (AP, 1/1/99)(SSFC, 2/26/06, Par p.2)

1998        Jun 25, On Kauai, Ha., a helicopter crash killed at least 5 of 6 people on Mount Waialeale.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A3)

1998        Jul 27, Brown tree snake experts gathered in Honolulu to discuss the latest strategies for coping with the non-native snake that threatened the island’s birds.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A8)

1998-1999    The Univ. of Hawaii was fined $1.8 million after an EPA inspection found dangerous chemicals buried for years in the basement of the Honolulu campus.
    (WSJ, 1/117/00, p.A1)

1999        May 9, On Oahu, Hawaii, a landslide at Sacred Falls State Park killed 8 people and injured dozens.
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A3)(SFC, 5/13/99, p.A5)

1999        Jun 16, The Royal Hawaiian Shooting Club, located on the top floor of the Royal Hawaiian Shopping Center, was described as an attraction for Japanese tourists. It was also a testing center for Smith and Wesson and Ruger.
    (WSJ, 6/16/99, p.A24)

1999        Sep 17, Japan inaugurated its $400 million Subaru telescope on Mount Mauna Kea. Subaru is the Japanese word for the constellation Pleiades.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A21)

1999        Sep 25, In Hawaii a sightseeing plane crashed on the Mauna Loa Volcano. All ten people onboard were killed.
    (SFC, 9/27/99, p.A3)

1999        Nov 2, In Honolulu, Hawaii, Byran Uyesugi (40) killed 7 people at Xerox company offices. There was no apparent motive. He was convicted of 1st degree murder in 2000.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.A1,14)(SFC, 6/14/00, p.A11)

1999        Dec 10, The state Supreme Court reinstated a law that allows a marriage license only to a man and a woman.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A1)

1999        The Japan National Large Telescope (Subaru) and the Gemini Northern Telescope were scheduled for completion on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. A twin of the latter was under construction in Chile.
    (Hem., 7/95, p.115)

2000        Jul 21, In Hawaii a tour helicopter crashed and killed 7 people on Maui.
    (SFC, 7/22/00, p.A6)

2000        Oct 14, Angelo Perez Baraquio (24), Miss Hawaii, was crowned Miss America in Atlanta City, NJ.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A2)

2000        Nov, The US ended chemical weapons disposal on Johnston Island, 825 miles southwest of Honolulu, after 10 years of operations. The island was turned into a wildlife preserve.
    (SFC, 4/22/02, p.A2)

2000        Dec 4, Pres. Clinton set aside 84 million underwater acres along the northwestern stretch of the Hawaiian Islands as a nature reservation.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A3)

2000        Dec 19, Hawaii announced its rules for medical marijuana effective Dec 28. Certified patients would be allowed possession of up to 3 ounces and allowed to grow up to 7 plants.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.C2)

2001        Feb 13, In Hawaii 2 Army Blackhawk helicopters crashed and 6 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A6)

2001        Apr 5, Public school teachers went on strike and 180,000 children were kept from classrooms. The strike also hit the 10-campus Univ. of Hawaii.
    (SFC, 4/6/01, p.A3)

2001        Apr 24, The union representing school teachers agreed to a new labor contract. 182,000 school children planned to return to school Apr 26.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A5)

2001        May, The new 453-room Waikiki Tower opened in Honolulu. Mildew of the eurotium mold group was discovered in 2002 and Hilton spent $55 million on a year-long cleanup.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.B3)

2001        Nov 23, It was reported that Hawaii’s Supreme Court struck down the state’s sex offender registration law, declaring it unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)

2001        Dec 19, It was reported that 93 official cases of dengue fever had been confirmed in Hawaii, with most of them in Maui. The dengue virus had not been seen in Hawaii since 1943.
    (WSJ, 12/19/01, p.B1,4)

2001        The Hawaiian Kingdom Government was founded in Honolulu as a native organization claiming sovereignty over the Hawaiian Islands.
    (SFC, 6/20/08, p.A5)

2002        Sep 28, Patsy Mink (74), Hawaii state representative, died in Honolulu.
    (WSJ, 9/30/02, p.A1)

2003        Oct 23, President Bush concluded his Pacific trip with a visit to Hawaii, where he dropped flowers into the water at the sunken battleship USS Arizona.
    (AP, 10/23/08)

2003        The POW/MIA Accounting group, tasked with accounting for US war veterans, was formed. Headquarters was established at Hickam Air Force Base in Oahu, Hawaii.
    (SFC, 10/21/05, p.B10)

2004        Jan 15, The Hawaii Government Employees Assoc. said it would oppose Gov. Lingle's plan to break up the state Dept. of Education into 7 locally-elected school boards.
    (USAT, 1/16/04, p.10A)

2004        May 30, In Hawaii lava from the Kilauea eruption, which began Jan. 3, 1983, reached the ocean for the first time in nearly a year on May 30.
    (AP, 6/12/04)

2004        Aug 18, Hiram L. Fong (97), Hawaii's first U.S. senator, died.
    (AP, 8/18/05)

2004        Hawaii gained control of Kahoolawe Island, south of Maui. It had been used by the US Navy for decades as a bombing range starting in WWII. By 2016 the 45-square-mile island remained uninhabited and was still littered with ordnance.
    (SFC, 6/3/16, p.A8)

2005        Mar 2, Martin Denny, creator of the tiki lounge music called “exotica," died in Honolulu. His 38 albums reflected a fusion of Asian, South Pacific, American jazz , Latin American and classical music.
    (SFC, 3/8/05, p.B5)

2005        Apr, It was reported that the US Fish & Wildlife Service listed 317 species, including 273 plants, as threatened or endangered in Hawaii. Local environmentalists blamed pollution from cruise ships and tourists.
    (Econ, 4/9/05, p.24)

2005        Aug 2, A federal appeals court ruled  that a 117-year-old policy of admitting only Native Hawaiians to the exclusive Kamehameha Schools amounts to unlawful racial discrimination.
    (AP, 8/3/05)

2005        Aug 24, Hawaii planned caps on rising gas prices effective Sep 1.
    (WSJ, 8/25/05, p.A1)

2005        Aug 28, West Oahu of Ewa Beach, Hawaii, won the Little League World Series title with a 7-6 win over the defending champions from Willemstad, Curacao.
    (AP, 8/28/06)

2005        Sep 2, The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases awarded the University of Hawaii a grant of nearly $25 million for the construction of a regional biocontainment laboratory. The lab will conduct biodefense and emerging infectious disease research.
    (AP, 9/3/05)

2006        Mar 14, In Hawaii an 1890s-era plantation dam failed in the rugged hills above northern Kauai, sending water and mud surging through two homes and wiping out the only highway. Searchers found one person dead and were looking for at least seven others, some of them children who hadn't been seen since the deluge. The torrent of water killed seven people.
    (AP, 3/15/06)(AP, 3/14/07)

2006        May 8, Hawaii abandoned gas-price controls after 8 months.
    (WSJ, 5/9/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 15, Pres. Bush announced plans to designate a new marine sanctuary in the area of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands encompassing nearly 140,000 square miles. The plan for Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, the nation’s 14th marine sanctuary, would end fishing in the area within 5 years. Formal designation was about a year away. Ricky Grigg (1937-2014), surfing trailblazer and oceanographer, gathered data along with colleagues to help establish the reserve.
    (SFC, 6/15/06, p.A2)(WSJ, 6/16/06, p.A1)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.70)(SSFC, 6/1/14, p.C8)

2006        Jun 27, A US federal court in Hawaii authorized partial compensation of $2,000 each to about 7,500 victims of human rights abuses under late Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos.
    (AP, 6/28/06)

2006        Jul 3, A US federal judge issued a temporary retraining order barring the Navy from using a type of high-intensity sonar that could harm marine animals during war games that began last week in the Pacific Ocean. On July 7 the US Navy and environmental groups agreed on a settlement which prevented the Navy from using the sonar within 25 miles of the newly established Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument during the exercises.
    (SFC, 7/3/06, p.A3)(SFC, 7/8/06, p.A4)

2006        Oct 15, A 6.7-magnitude quake hit Hawaii’s Big Island at 7:07 am, followed by aftershocks. It caused blackouts and landslides but no reported fatalities. Structural damages on the Big Island were later estimated at $100 million.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G2)

2006        Oct 19, In Hawaii the 10th annual fundraising parody Underpants Run was held in Kailua-Kona on the Big Island.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G2)

2006        Nov 12, In Hawaii retired Los Angeles police detective Dan DeJarnette (59) said he found his wife (56) lying on a lava embankment near their house. In 2013 he pleaded guilty to her murder on Big Island.
    (SFC, 3/26/13, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/c3vz895)

2006        Nov 16, In Hawaii a limited smoking ban went into effect covering enclosed or partially enclosed public areas.
    (SSFC, 1/7/07, p.G2)

2007        Mar 8, In Hawaii a tour helicopter crashed at an airport on the island of Kauai, killing four people and critically injuring three.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

2007        Mar 11, In Hawaii a tour helicopter crashed on Kauai and one person was killed. This was the 2nd fatal copter crash on the island in 4 days.
    (SFC, 3/12/07, p.A3)

2007        Mar 22, In Hawaii Dorie-Ann Kahale and her five daughters moved from a homeless shelter to a mansion, courtesy of billionaire Genshiro Kawamoto, a Japanese real estate mogul, who is handing over eight of his multimillion-dollar homes to low-income Native Hawaiian families. Asked whether he was concerned about losing money on the effort, he laughed and said: "This is pocket money for me."
    (AP, 3/23/07)

2007        Apr 14, Legendary crooner Don Ho (76) died in Hawaii. He had entertained tourists for decades wearing raspberry-tinted sunglasses and singing his signature tune "Tiny Bubbles."
    (AP, 4/15/07)

2007        Jun 9, The Hawaiian canoe Hokulea sailed into the Japanese port of Yokohama, completing a five-month journey of more than 8,500 miles across the Pacific.
    (AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Aug 26, The $95 million Hawaii Superferry made its maiden run from Honolulu to Maui as environmentalists protested. The 349-foot giant catamaran, named Alakai, carried over 500 passengers and 150 cars for the 3-hour trip. The special one-way $5 fares will soon rise to over $240 for one passenger and a car.
    (SFC, 8/27/07, p.A4)

2007        Oct 9, A Maui judge said he would not allow the Hawaii Superferry to sail between Honolulu and Kahului while the state studies the environmental impact of interisland service.
    (SFC, 10/10/07, p.A3)

2007        Oct 31,     In Hawaii state lawmakers voted to allow the new inter-island ferry to resume service. The Superferry law overrode court decisions requiring an environmental study.
    (SFC, 11/1/07, p.A4)

2008        Feb 19, Barack Obama won Wisconsin (58%) and Hawaii (76%) adding to a primary season winning streak that now totals 10. This put Hillary Rodham Clinton into a virtual must-win scenario in Democratic contests coming early next month in Texas and Ohio.
    (AP, 2/20/08)(SFC, 2/21/08, p.A10)

2008        Mar 31, Hawaii’s Aloha Airlines ended passenger service after today due to competition and rising fuel prices.
    (SFC, 3/31/08, p.A1)

2008        Jul 15, It was reported that Hawaii’s Oahu island planned to export some 100,000 tons of trash a year to the mainland. At current rates its 200-acre municipal landfill would reach capacity in 15 years. Expanded recycling and a new boiler were also in the works.
    (WSJ, 7/15/08, p.A2)

2008        Aug 27, In Honolulu Marcus Eriksen and fellow eco-mariner Joel Paschal celebrated the end of their 2,600-mile voyage on what they call the JUNK raft. They had spent three months crossing the Pacific on a raft made of plastic bottles to raise awareness of ocean debris. Research suggested that every square kilometer of the ocean has an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic floating in it. The floating portion was thought to make up only 15% of marine litter.
    (AP, 8/28/08)(Econ, 2/28/09, SR p.9)

2008        Sep 1, Roz Savage arrived in Waikiki, Ha., after rowing 99 days from SF, Ca. The English-born woman hoped to become the first woman to row alone across the Pacific Ocean with the goal of raising awareness of the amount of plastic pollution in the ocean.
    (SFC, 9/2/08, p.B2)

2008        Sep 4, A US coast Guard helicopter went down off Oahu, Ha., killing 4 crew members.
    (SFC, 9/6/08, p.A3)

2008        Sep 10, Frank Mundus (1925), the legendary shark fisherman said to have inspired the Captain Quint character in the movie "Jaws," died in Honolulu.
    (AP, 9/15/08)

2008        Oct 16, Hawaii state officials said they will stop giving health coverage to the 2,000 children enrolled by Nov. 1, but private partner Hawaii Medical Service Association will pay to extend their coverage through the end of the year without government support. Hawaii lawmakers had approved the health plan in 2007 as a way to ensure every child can get basic medical help.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Dec 2, Hawaii unveiled plans to be first in the nation to roll out electric car stations statewide, a move Gov. Linda Lingle  hailed as a major step toward weaning the islands off oil.
    (AP, 12/3/08)

2008        Dec 6, The Univ. of Hawaii activated the Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System (PS1) to search for dangerous asteroids.
    (Econ, 12/6/08, p.100)

2008        Dec 22, Alfred Shaheen (b.1922), the dean of Hawaiian couture, died. In 1948 he started manufacturing rayon Hawaiian shirts in a Quonset hut left over from the war. Within a decade annual revenue grew to $4 million.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.A12)

2008        Dec 26, In Hawaii a power failure during a thunderstorm blacked out Oahu’s population of about 900,000 people and thousands of tourists including vacationing President-elect Barack Obama.
    (AP, 12/27/08)

2008        Gary Y. Okihiro authored “Island World: A History of Hawaii and the United States."
    (WSJ, 10/17/08, p.A11)

2009        Mar 16,  Hawaii’s Supreme Court rejected a state law that allowed the Hawaii Superferry to operate while an environmental study is being conducted forcing the inter-island ferry service to cease operations.
    (AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 19, A report issued by the US Interior Department said one-third of the nation's endangered birds are in Hawaii. 31 Hawaiian bird species were listed as endangered, more than anywhere else in the country. The native birds were threatened by the destruction of their habitats by invasive plant species and feral animals like pigs, goats and sheep, habitat loss and insect born diseases. The report also said energy production of all types — wind, ethanol and mountaintop coal mining — was contributing to steep drops in bird populations.
    (AP, 3/20/09)

2009        Jun 1, Hawaii’s Gov. Linda Lingle, describing a "fiscal emergency," ordered three days of unpaid furloughs each month for 14,500 state employees to help erase a $729 million budget shortfall.
    (AP, 6/2/09)

2009        Oct 11, Pope Benedict XVI canonized five new saints, including Father Damien, a 19th-century priest who worked with leprosy patients on a Hawaiian island; Zygmunt Szcezesny Felinski, a 19th-century Polish bishop who defended the Catholic faith during the years of the Russian annexation; Spaniards Francisco Coll y Guitart, who founded an order of Dominicans in the 19th century, and Rafael Arniaz Baron, who renounced an affluent lifestyle at age 22 to live a humble life in a strict monastery and dedicate himself to prayer; and Jeanne Jugan (d.1879), a French nun, who helped found the Little Sisters of the Poor.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Nov 14, Sweden held a solemn ceremony at Stockholm's Museum of National Antiquities for the return of 23 skulls taken from the native Hawaiian community. Five of the skulls will be returned by the museum. They were brought to Sweden by a Swedish scientist in the 1880s after he took part in a trip around the world. The other 17 skulls will be returned by Stockholm's medical university Karolinska Institutet.
    (AP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 30, The US Dept. of Agriculture designated the Big Island of Hawaii a primary natural disaster area because of losses farmers suffered from volcanic emissions this year.
    (SFC, 12/1/09, p.A10)

2010        May 28, Hawaii became the first US state to ban the sale or possession of shark fins, used in the creation of some Chinese delicacies, in an effort to help prevent their overfishing.
    (SFC, 5/29/10, p.A4)

2010        Arnold Hiura authored “Kau Kau: Cuisine and Culture in the Hawaiian Islands."
    (SFC, 8/3/10, p.E1)

2011        Feb 16, Hawaii lawmakers approved a bill to allow civil unions from same-sex couples. Gov. Neil Abercrombie planned to sign it and civil unions would begin Jan 1, 2012.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.A6)

2011        Feb, Hawaii held a ceremonial groundbreaking for a 21-station, 20-mile railway, to be completed in 2019. Oahu voters passed a referendum in 2008 authorizing a railway.
    (Econ, 7/14/12, p.28)

2011        Mar 6, Scientists at Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano said a new vent has opened, sending lava shooting up to 65 feet high.
    (AP, 3/7/11)

2011        Apr 8, In Hawaii a storage bunker exploded killing 5 workers as they dismantled pyrotechnics at Donaldson Enterprises in Honolulu.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)

2011        Sep 1, Santa Cruz, Ca., attorney Celestial Cassman (35) was murdered while vacationing on the island of Maui. The next day Geral Galaway of Santa Cruz was arrested for the murder. In 2012 he pleaded no contest under a plead deal to manslaughter and kidnapping.
    (SFC, 6/9/12, p.C3)

2011        Nov 10, In Hawaii a helicopter on a tourist excursion of West Maui and Molokai went down near an elementary school killing the pilot and 4 tourists.
    (AP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 12, Pres. Obama gathered with leaders of 20 other nations of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum meeting in Hawaii. Obama’s trip was part of a 9-day trip that would include visits to aus Obama’s trip was part of a 9-day trip that would include visits to Australia and Indonesia.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.A7)

2011        Dec 13, Pope Benedict XVI approved seven new saints for the Catholic Church, including Hawaii's Mother Marianne and a 17th-century Native American, Caterina Tekakwitha. Marianne cared for leprosy patients on Hawaii's Molokai peninsula in the late 1880s, soon after the death of Father Damien, who was canonized in 2009. Tekakwitha, who lived from 1656-1680 in the US and Canada, became the first Native American to be beatified in 1980.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Julia Flynn Siler authored “Lost Kingdom: Hawaii’s Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America’s First Imperial Adventure."
    (SSFC, 1/8/12, p.F1)
2011        Sarah Vowell authored “Unfamiliar Fishes," stories of the American conquest of Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.G5)

2012        Jan 11, It was announced that China and India are signing on as partners in the Thirty Meter Telescope when it’s built on the summit of Hawaii’s Mauna Kea volcano in 2018.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A6)

2012        Jun 20, In Hawaii a company owned by billionaire David Murdock filed a transfer application with the state’s Public Utilities Commission to sell its 98% share of Lanai Island to Larry Ellison (67), CEO of Oracle Corp.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A1)

2012        Dec 17, Sen. Daniel Inouye (88) of Hawaii died at Walter Reed Military Medical Center in Maryland.
    (SFC, 12/18/12, p.A9)

2013        May 20, Edward Snowden (29), a US contractor working at the National Security Agency, left his NSA office in Hawaii for Hong Kong.
    (AP, 6/10/13)(Econ, 6/15/13, p.11)(Econ, 1/25/14, p.23)

2013        Sep 9, In Hawaii a pipe used to load molasses from storage tanks to ships leaked and caused some 1,400 tons to ooze into Honolulu waters. Hundreds of fish were reported killed and more were expected to die. Matson Navigation repaired the pipe and leaking stopped Sep 10.
    (SFC, 9/13/13, p.A10)

2013        Nov 13, Hawaii’s Gov. Neil Abercrombie signed a bill legalyzing same-sex marriage one day after the state Senate approved the bill with a 19-to-4 vote.
    (SFC, 11/13/13, p.A6)(SFC, 11/14/13, p.A9)

2013        Nov 16, The governing body on the Hawaiian island of Kauai voted to override their mayor's veto of a bill that seeks to reign in widespread pesticide use and the testing of new genetically modified crops.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)

2013        Dec 2, In Hawaii a shark attack killed a kayak fisherman off Maui.
    (SFC, 12/3/13, p.A7)

2013        Dec 11, A small plain crashed off of Molokai, Hawaii, killing Loretta Fuddy, the director of the state health dept. Eight other people survived.
    (SFC, 12/13/13, p.A13)

2014        Feb 27, In Hawaii a small plane crashed after takeoff from Lanai Island killing 3 people and leaving three others injured.
    (SFC, 2/28/14, p.A6)

2014        Aug 2, Sami Inkinen (38) and Meredith Loring (34) arrived in Hawaii after a record-breaking 45-day row from California.
    (SFC, 8/6/14, p.A1)

2014        Aug 22, Scientists in Hawaii began warning the public on the lava flow at Pahoa on the Big Island. The lava was flowing at 2-20 yards per hour and in late October was 510 yards from Pahoa Village Road, which goes through downtown Pahoa.
    (SFC, 10/29/14, p.A6)

2015        Apr 2, In Hawaii police arrested 20 protesters as some 300 gathered at Mauna Kea to protest the construction of a new telescope. Eleven more arrested at the top of the peak.
    (SFC, 4/4/15, p.A4)

2015        Apr 8, Hawaii’s Gov. David Ige said Thirty Meter Telescope has agreed to halt construction for a week on building one of the world’s largest telescopes after more than a week of demonstrations at Mauna Kea. Construction was later postponed to April 20.
    (SFC, 4/9/15, p.A6)(SFC, 4/13/15, p.A5)

2015        Apr 17, Hawaii’s Gov. David Ige said Thirty Meter Telescope will continue to postpone construction of a new telescope on Mauna Kea. Ige said it might be necessary to decommission and remove older telescopes on the summit.
    (SSFC, 4/19/15, p.A8)

2015        May 6, Hawaii lawmakers passed a bill that puts an end to a requirement that a corn-based additive be mixed into fuel sold in the state. A 10% ethanol blend in its gas has been required since 2006.
    (SFC, 5/7/15, p.A8)

2015        May 17, In Hawaii one US Marine was killed and 21 were injured when the MV-22 Osprey they were in endured a “hard-landing mishap" at Bellows Air Force Base. A 2nd marine died of his injuries on May 20.
    (Reuters, 5/18/15)(SFC, 5/21/15, p.A10)

2015        Jun 19, Hawaii Gov. David Ige signed a bill making his state the first to raise the legal smoking age to 21, effective Jan 1, 2016.
    (SSFC, 6/21/15, p.A7)

2015        Jul 3, Solar Impulse 2 landed in Hawaii following a record-breaking 5-day journey from Japan. The 118-hour voyage by pilot Andre Borschberg broke the 2006 record of 76 hours set by Steve Fossett in a round the world jet flight.
    (SFC, 7/4/15, p.A6)

2015        Jul 10, Hawaii state officials voted to restrict access to mauna Kea for 120 days to allow construction to resume on the $1.4 billion Thirty Meter Telescope.
    (SSFC, 7/12/15, p.A10)

2015        Jul 15, The Solar Impulse team said it is suspending its journey in Hawaii to at least next April after the plane suffered battery damage during its flight from Japan.
    (SFC, 7/16/15, p.A5)

2015        Sep 14, In Hawaii a federal judge signed an agreement between the US Navy and environmental groups that will limit the navy’s use of sonar and other training that inadvertently harms marine mammals.
    (SFC, 9/15/15, p.A7)

2015        Oct 16, Hawaii Gov. David Ige declared a state of emergency to accelerate efforts to provide housing and other services to the homeless.
    (CSM, 10/17/15)

2015        Dec 7, The County of Hawaii said 119 residents and 17 visitors have been confirmed with dengue fever.
    (SFC, 12/8/15, p.A6)

2016        Jan 1, Hawaii became the first US state to raise the legal age for smoking to 21.
    (SFC, 1/1/16, p.A8)

2016        Jan 14, In Hawaii two US Marine Corps helicopters crashed just before midnight off the island of Oahu. All 12 crew members were missing.
    (SFC, 1/16/16, p.A6)

2016        Mar 26, Vermont senator Bernie Sanders, a self-described democratic socialist, breathed fresh life into his campaign for the White House with a clean sweep in caucuses in the western US states of Alaska, Hawaii and Washington.
    (AFP, 3/27/16)

2016        Apr 21, The Swiss-made Solar Impulse took off from Hawaii on course to land in Mountain View, Ca. in about 3 days on the 9th leg of its circumnavigation.
    (SFC, 4/22/16, p.A8)

2016        May 23, In Hawaii 5 people were killed when a small plane crashed on Kauai during a skydiving tour.
    (SFC, 5/23/16, p.A5)

2016        Jul 20, US Rep. Mark Takai (49) of Hawaii died in Honolulu of pancreatic cancer.
    (SFC, 7/22/16, p.D5)

2016        Aug 28, In Hawaii six scientists completed a yearlong Mars simulation, where they lived in a dome on a Mauna Loa mountain. NASA funded the Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) program.
    (AP, 8/29/16)

2016        Aug 31, President Barack Obama opened a two-day environmental tour aimed at showcasing conservation efforts before traveling to Asia. Obama visited Lake Tahoe to speak at a summit dedicated to the iconic lake's preservation. He then headed to Honolulu, for a speech to a gathering of leaders of island nations in the Pacific Ocean.
    (AP, 8/31/16)

2016        Sep 10, In Hawaii the International Union for Conservation of Nature voted to call on every country to shut down domestic ivory markets that threaten elephants. The group has 1,300 members from more than 160 countries, but no enforcement power.
    (AP, 9/11/16)

2016        Dec 26, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe stopped at several memorials in Hawaii, one day before he visits the site of the 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor during a trip intended to show a strong alliance between his country and the United States.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)

2016        Dec 27, In Hawaii Japanese PM Shinzo Abe met with President Obama to pay their respects at the site of the surprise Japanese attack against Pearl Harbor over 75 years ago that drew the United States into World War II.
    (CSM, 12/28/16)

2017        Jan 19, In Hawaii four men and two women moved into a man-made dome for the next eight months as part of a human behavior study that could help NASA plan for sending astronauts on a mission to Mars.
    (SFC, 1/20/17, p.A7)

2017        Mar 6, Researchers said 11 of 27 species of Hawaii’s reef fish are experiencing some level of overfishing.
    (SFC, 3/7/17, p.A6)

2017        Mar 15, US District Judge Derrick Watson of Hawaii issued a ruling granting a temporary restraining order on Pres. Trump’s travel ban.
    (CSM, 3/16/17)

2017        Mar 29, In Hawaii US District Judge Derrick Watson issued a 24-page order blocking the government from suspending new visas for travelers from six Muslim-majority countries and from halting the U.S. refugee program. He had temporarily blocked Pres. Donald Trump's revised travel ban hours before it was set to take effect.
    (AP, 3/30/17)

2017        Jun 6, In Hawaii retired US Navy commander David Kapaun, charged in a growing corruption scandal, pleaded guilty to lying about his relationship with a Malaysian defense contractor known by the nickname "Fat Leonard."
    (AP, 6/7/17)

2017        Jul 8, In Hawaii Sgt. 1st Class Ikaika Kang was arrested after he pledged loyalty to Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. A court appointed defense attorney later said Kang may be suffering from service-related mental health issues.
    (SFC, 7/12/17, p.A5)

2017        Jul 13, US federal Judge Derrick Watson in Hawaii weakened the terms of the Trump administration's controversial travel ban on visitors from six majority-Muslim countries, dealing another legal setback to the government.
    (AFP, 7/14/17)

2017        Jul 14, In Hawaii at least three people were killed and two suffered smoke inhalation as a fire consumed several floors of a 36-story condominium tower in Honolulu.
    (AP, 7/14/17)   

2017        Jul 21, Hawaii became the first US state to prepare the public for the possibility of a ballistic missile strike from North Korea. The state's Emergency Management Agency announced a public education campaign about what to do.
    (AP, 7/21/17)

2017        Jul 28, In Hawaii a plane left Honolulu for a sunset flight and never returned. The bodies of four people were recovered then next day in mountains on Oahu.
    (SFC, 7/31/17, p.A5)

2017        Aug 15, A UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter with five soldiers went down off the coast of Hawaii during a night training mission.
    (SFC, 8/17/17, p.A6)

2017        Sep 28, Hawaii’s state land board approved the $1.4 billion Thirty Meter Telescope on Mauna Kea. Opponents were expected to appeal.
    (SFC, 9/30/17, p.A6)

2017        Oct 17, A federal judge in Hawaii blocked Pres. Trump’s revised travel order, saying the policy has the same problems as a previous version. A second US judge ordered a freeze on Trump's newest travel ban order, saying it was essentially targeted at Muslims in violation of the US Constitution.
    (AP,  10/18/17)(AFP,  10/18/17)

2017        Oct 20, In Hawaii federal authorities arrested former Honolulu police chief Louis Kealoha and his wife, a deputy city prosecutor, as part of a corruption probe  and allegations of civil rights abuses and corruption within the police force.
    (SFC, 10/21/17, p.A7)

2017        Oct 25, In Hawaii a law took effect that allows Honolulu police to fine pedestrians up to $35 for viewing their electronic devices while crossing city streets.
    (SFC, 10/25/17, p.A5)

2017        Nov 12, In Hawaii Randall Saito, acquitted of a 1979 murder by reason of insanity, escaped from a psychiatric hospital in Honolulu, flew to Maui on a chartered plane, and then boarded another plane for San Jose, Ca.
    (SFC, 11/15/17, p.A5)

2017        Dec 7, In Hawaii the body of Telma Boinville (51), who moved to Hawaii from Brazil in the 1990s, was found downstairs in a house on Oahu's North Shore, where she reportedly was a house cleaner for the vacation property. Her 8-year-old daughter was found upstairs uninjured and tied up. Stephen Brown (23) and Hailey Kai Dandurand (20) were soon arrested on suspicion of murder.
    (AP, 12/9/17)

2018        Jan 13, In Hawaii a false alarm about an incoming ballistic missile caused panic in the Pacific archipelago already on edge over fears of a North Korean attack. It took nearly 40 minutes for a corrected message to be issued.
    (AFP, 1/14/18)

2018        Feb, In Hawaii Kamehameha Schools reached an $80 million settlement with a group of 32 people who had sued the institution in 2016 for sexual abuse by a psychiatric consultant decades earlier. Dr. Robert Browne (d.1991) had treated hundreds of Kamehameha students from the late 1950s to the early 1980s.
    (SFC, 10/25/18, p.A6) 

2018        Mar 21, Hawaii's state Ethics Commission said Democratic state Rep. Joseph Souki will resign by next week to resolve sexual harassment allegations.
    (SFC, 3/22/18, p.A6)

2018        Apr 6, In Hawaii former Democratic Sen. Daniel Akaka (b.1924) died in Honolulu. He had represented Hawaii for 36 years in Congress (1976-2012).
    (SSFC, 4/8/18, p.C11)

2018        May 3, Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano erupted, belching ash into the sky and spewing fountains of lava in a residential area after a series of earthquakes over the last couple of days. Hundreds of people on the Big Island were ordered to evacuate their homes.
    (Reuters, 5/4/18)

2018        May 4, In Hawaii magnitude 6.9 temblor rocked the Big Island as the Kilauea volcano continued erupting.
    (AP, 5/6/18)

2018        May 6, Hawaiian officials said nearly 2,000 people on the Big Island have been evacuated from homes after lava eruptions destroyed five houses and sulfur dioxide gas threatened to harm anyone who stayed in the residential area.
    (Reuters, 5/6/18)

2018        May 7, In Hawaii emergency authorities battling lava flows and gas erupting from Kilauea volcano warned some residents to "go now" after a new fissure opened and more structures were destroyed.
    (Reuters, 5/7/18)

2018        May 12, In Hawaii a crack in pasture land on Kilauea's east flank was the 16th recorded since the US volcano, one of the world's most active, erupted on May 3. A 17th fissure opened later in the day.
    (AP, 5/13/18)

2018        May 20, A stream of lava blocked a Hawaii highway that serves as an escape route for coastal residents, while the first known serious injury was reported from fresh explosive eruptions from the Kilauea volcano.
    (Reuters, 5/20/18)

2018        May 25, A tide of molten rock turned a Hawaii street into a volcanic wasteland as the number of homes destroyed by the erupting Kilauea volcano soared and authorities told residents to flee a surge of lava heading towards them.
    (Reuters, 5/25/18)

2018        Jun 2, In Hawaii National Guard troops, police and firefighters ushered the last group of evacuees from homes on the eastern tip of the Big Island, hours before lava from the Kilauea volcano cut off road access to the area.
    (Reuters, 6/3/18)

2018        Jun 6, Honolulu leaders approved a measure to lmit prices that ride-hailing services like Uber and Lyft can charge during peak demand.
    (SFC, 6/8/18, p.A8)

2018        Jul 17, In Hawaii Officer Bronson Kaimana Kaliloa was fatally shot during a shootout following a traffic stop near Hilo.

2018        Jul 20, In Hawaii Justin Waiki was killed during a shootout with police three days after fatally shooting a police officer on the Big Island.
    (SFC, 7/21/18, p.A5)

2018        Aug 11, Hawaii Gov. David Ige won the Democratic primary in his bid for a second term in office, defeating US Rep. Colleen Hanabusa.
    (AP, 8/12/18)

2018        Aug 21, Hawaiian Airlines announced that nonstop service between Honolulu and Beijing will end in October, citing low demand. The service, launched in 2014, flew three days a week between the Daniel K. Inouye International Airport and the Beijing Capital International Airport.
    (AP, 8/23/18)

2018        Aug 24, Torrential rains pummeled Hawaii as Hurricane Lane swirled toward the island state, triggering landslides, "catastrophic" flooding and prompting stark warnings from authorities.
    (AFP, 8/24/18)

2018        Aug 25, Torrential rain continued to pound Hawaii from Tropical Storm Lane, as officials warned that a foot or more of precipitation was still possible.
    (AFP, 8/25/18)

2018        Oct 30, Hawaii's Supreme Court upheld a decision to grant a construction permit for the Thirty Meter Telescope planned for Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
    (SFC, 10/31/18, p.A5)

2018        Dec 14, In Hawaii ten Indonesian fishermen, who were arrested and charged with attempting to smuggle shark fins, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge that they attempted to export the fins. A judge sentenced them to time they already served in jail.
    (AP, 12/14/18)

2018        Hawaii banned the sale or distribution of sunscreens containing oxybenzone and octinoxate after some studies found that the chemicals encourage coral bleaching.
    (SFC, 1/17/19, p.A6)

2019        Mar 15, American poet W.S. Merwin died at his home in Hawaii. Merwin was a two-time winner of the Pultizer Prize and the US poet laureate from 23010-2011.
    (SFC, 3/18/19, p.C3)

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Subject = Hawaii
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