Timeline California (E) 1984-1995

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1984        Jan 14, Ray Kroc (81), founder of MacDonalds and owner San Diego Padres, died.
    (MC, 1/14/02)

1984        Apr 1, Marvin P. Gay Sr. (d.1998 at 84) shot and killed his son, Motown singer Marvin Gaye during an argument in Los Angeles. It was one day before the singer’s 45th birthday. Gaye’s hit songs included “I Heard It Through the Grapevine," “What’s Going On," and “Let’s Get It On." Mr. Gay pleaded voluntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 5 years probation.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)

1984        Apr 5, In California Tina Faelz (14) was stabbed to death in a culvert under I-680 while she was walking home from school in Pleasanton. Fellow students discovered her body shortly afterward. On Aug 8, 2011, the Pleasanton Police Department announced that Steven J. Carlson (43), a former classmate of the Foothill High student has been arrested in her killing. In 2012 his case was transferred to adult court. On Oct 30, 2014, Carlson was convicted of first-degree murder. In 2020 Carlson wrote letters confessing to the murder.
    (SFC, 8/9/11, p.A1)(SFC, 1/11/12, p.C3)(SFC, 10/31/14, p.D2)(SSFC, 10/25/20, p.A1)

1984        Apr 22, Ansel Adams (b.1902), US photographer, died in Monterey, Ca. He was best known for his black and white photographs of California's Yosemite Valley. He founded the group f/64 and redefined the aesthetic standards and possibilities of landscape photography.

1984        Jun 30, Hedayat Eslaminia, a former government official under the Shah of Iran, disappeared while living in exile in Belmont, Ca. The family had reportedly fled Iran with a fortune in 1978. Hedayat (57) suffocated and died in a steamer trunk. His son Reza (26), a member of the "Billionaire Boys Club," was later charged with the abduction and murder. Reza was convicted and sentenced to life. In 1992 Joe Hunt, head of the club, was also tried for the killing of Eslaminia, but a hung jury forced a mistrial. In 1998 Rexa's conviction was overturned based on unfair evidence and a new trial was scheduled. Arben Dosti’s conviction was reversed in 1998. A new trial was scheduled for Oct. in San Mateo. In 2000 charges against Reza Eslaminia were dismissed.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A24)(SFC, 11/7/00, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)

1984        Jun, In Nevada Gerald Gallego was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to death. Charlene Williams, his former accomplice and mother of his child, testified against Gallego.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1984        Jul 6, The body of Shari Miller (21) was found in a parking lot in West LA. On Aug 11 the body of Tracy Campbell was found in the Mohave Desert.  Bill Bradford, an amateur photographer, was convicted in the murders and sentenced to death. In 1998 he appealed his death sentence.
    (SFC, 8/7/98, p.D6)

1984        Jul 18, James Huberty (41) opened fire at a McDonald's fast-food restaurant in San Ysidro, Calif., killing 21 people before being shot dead by police.
    (AP, 7/18/97)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)

1984        Jul 28, The summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles for the second time. The Russians along with Cuba and Eastern Bloc countries boycotted the 23rd modern Olympic games. Iran and Libya also boycotted the games. Taiwan returned under the name Chinese Taipei. China appeared for the first time since 1952. The US won 83 gold medals, Romania was 2nd with 20. Women were allowed to compete in the Olympic marathon for the 1st time. Joan Benolt of the US won. The 1st Olympic Guide was published this year by David Wallechinsky. The 5th edition came out in 2000.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.R6)(SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.4)(WSJ, 7/28/00, p.W9)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.F1)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)

1984        Jul-1985 May, Seven men, three women and two children were tortured killed in Calaveras County, Ca., at the home of Leonard Lake as part of "Project Miranda," inspired by the John Fowles novel, "The Collector." Lake killed himself with cyanide during a police interview. Charles Ng was arrested in Canada in 1985 for stealing and extradited to the US after 6 years for his role in the murders.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A13)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.A5)

1984        Aug 5, At the Summer Olympics in LA Joan Benoit (b.1957), American runner, won the first gold medal in the new women's marathon event.
    (https://tinyurl.com/4b7cdztt)(SSFC, 8/8/21, p.F9)

1984        Aug 11, In LA, Ca., Carl Lewis (b.1961) duplicated Jesse Owens' 1936 feat with 4 Olympic track gold medals.

1984        Aug 22, In Fairfield, Ca., Clark Handa (3) was abducted from his home. The kidnapper left a note demanding money, but no one ever contacted the family and Clark was never seen again. On April 25, 2016, Michael Fejarang (55), a state prison inmate serving time for child molestations, was charged with the kidnapping.
    (SFC, 4/27/16, p.D2)

1984        Aug 16, A federal jury in Los Angeles acquitted auto maker John Z. DeLorean of trafficking in cocaine due to entrapment.

1984        Aug 31, In southern California Ebora Alexander (57), the mother or 49ers star Kermit Alexander, was shot dead along with his sister and two nephews. Tiequon Cox, a member of the Rollin’ 60 Crips, was later convicted of the murders and sentenced to death. Two others were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiequon_Cox)

1984        Sep 1, Robert Frederick Garceau, Hells Angels motorcyclist, murdered his girlfriend Maureen Bautista and her 14-year-old son in Bakersfield. In 1985 he killed a fellow drug dealer in Monterey County. Garceau, convicted of murder and sentenced to death, died of cancer in 2004 while awaiting death at San Quentin.
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.B3)

1984        Sep 14, Richard Brautigan (49), writer, died from self-inflicted gunshot wound in Bolinas, Ca. His work included "Trout Fishing in America" (1967) and A Confederate General from Big Sur" (1964). In 1989 Keith Abbott authored the biography: "Downstream from Trout Fishing in America: A Memoir of Richard Brautigan." In 1999 Edna Webster published "The Edna Webster Collection of Undiscovered Writings." In 2004 Greg Keeler authored “Waltzing with the Captain: Remembering Richard Brautigan. In 2012 William Hjortsberg authored “Jubilee Hitchhiker: The Life and Times of Richard Brautigan."
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.E1)(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M3)(SFC, 4/16/12, p.E2)

1984        Sep, In southern California a man was stabbed to death while sleeping with his girlfriend in his pickup truck. Girlfriend Saladena Bishop later identified Andrew Wilson as the murderer. In 2017 a judge threw out the conviction. In 2017 Wilson (63), who served 32 years of a life term, filed a civil rights lawsuit accusing Detective Richard Marks of leading the witness to falsely identify him.
    (SFC, 7/6/18, p.D7)

1984        Oct 26, "Baby Fae," a newborn with a severe heart defect, was given the heart of a baboon in an experimental transplant in Loma Linda, Calif. Baby Fae lived 21 days with the animal heart.
    (AP, 10/26/99)

1984        Oct 31, The Puerto Rican tanker San Francisco exploded spilling 2 million gallons of oil as the ship caught fire. The ship Puerto Rican exploded and sank 15 miles off Montara. It spilled a million gallons of oil.
    (MC, 10/31/01)(SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A27)

1984        Nov 2, Paul Cosner disappeared from the area following a planned sale of a 1980 Honda Prelude at his Marin Motors. The car was identified Jun 2, 1985 in the hands of Leonard Lake and Charles Ng. As many as 25 people were believed killed by Lake and Ng at a compound in Calaveras County.
    (SFC, 10/25/98, p.A5)

1984        Nov 15, Baby Fae died 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda, California.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1984        cNov 16, Horace Kelly murdered Sonia Reed in San Bernadino.  He killed 3 people during a 6-day rampage. He was convicted and sentenced to death by juries in Riverside and San Bernadino in 1986. He was scheduled for execution in 1998 and then won a ruling for a federal appeal on grounds of insanity.
    (SFC, 3/26/98, p.B10)(SFC, 4/3/98, p.A15)(SFC, 12/10/98, p.C17)

1984        Nov 17, Horace Kelly murdered Ursula Hauser in San Bernadino.
    (SFC, 4/3/98, p.A15)

1984        Nov 21, Horace Kelly murdered 11-year-old Danny Ostenkowski after Danny protected his cousin Shannon Prock from kidnapping.
    (SFC, 4/3/98, p.A15)

1984        Nov 15, Baby Fae died 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda, California.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1984        Dec 10, It was reported that a creosote bush in California’s Mojave Desert was determined to be 11,700 years old.

1984        Dec 11, Kimberly Billy (19) of Stockton, Ca., went missing. Her remains were found in 2012 in a compacted well in Linden, Ca., and attributed to Speed Freak Killers Wesley Shermantine and Loren Herzog.
    (SFC, 3/31/12, p.C1)

1984        Maynard Amerine (d.1998 at 74) published the “Univ. of California / Sotheby Book of California Wine." It was co-edited with Bob Thompson and Doris Muscatine. Mr. Amerine also wrote “Table Wines: The Technology of their Production," with M.A. Joslyn.
    (SFC, 3/13/98, p.D2)
1984        The Sierra Storytelling Festival began in the town of North Columbia in Nevada County.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.T6)
1984        Erna Kubin-Clanin opened the Elderberry House in Oakhurst. She added her Chateau de Sureau in 1991.
    (SFEM, 10/10/99, p.28)
1984        Frank Gehry converted a warehouse into the Geffen Contemporary Museum in LA.
    (WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W16)
1984        The Monterey Bay Aquarium opened in Monterey, Ca.
    (AAM, 3/96, p.9)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A8)
1984        The TED conference held its 1st session in Monterey, Ca. TED sprung from an observation by Richard Saul Wurman of a powerful convergence between technology, entertainment and design. The Sapling Foundation (b.1996), led by Silicon Valley publisher Chris Anderson, bought the conference in 2001.
    (SSFC, 2/07/04, p.E5)(www.edge.org/3rd_culture/bios/andersonc.html)
1984        Circus trees made by Axel Erlandson (d.1964) were rescued from the “Tree Circus" in Scotts Valley and transplanted to Gilroy for the Bonfante Gardens, scheduled to open in 2001.
    (SFC, 4/27/00, p.A23)
1984        California voters approved a state lottery.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1984        California enacted an Endangered Species Act.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1984        The California Smog Check program was introduced. It required motorists to take responsibility for pollution by maintaining their vehicles to meet state standards. [see 1982]
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A10)
1984        Peter Cartwright founded Calpine Corp., an energy company, in San Jose, Ca. He stepped down as CEO in 2005 as the company faced possible bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 11/30/05, p.C1)
1984        Ron Levin, a con man who swindled Joe Hunt, the leader of the Billionaire Boys Club, in a $4 million commodities scam, was reported killed. Members of the club, a group of ambitious young men who put their money into get-rich-quick schemes, were accused of the slaying. James Pittman, a Hunt cohort, said in 1993 that he shot Levin in front of Hunt and helped bury the body in the Angeles National Forest. Since 1984 a number of people have claimed to have seen Levin alive. A woman said she spotted Levin on the Greek island of Mykonos on Christmas day in 1987. Hunt was convicted of 1st degree murder in 1987.
    (SFC, 5/3/96, A-11)(SFC, 7/13/96, p. A17)
1984        Cancer cases began popping up in McFarland in the Central Valley. 21 people over 20 years were struck in the town of 8,000. A state study from 1985-1991 ended inconclusively and the EPA was petitioned to study the problem. Residents suspected airborne pesticides.
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.A5)
1984        Heidi Marie Fredette (13) was kidnapped, sexually assaulted and murdered in Tehama County. In 2001 a cold hit in the DNA database identified David James McIntosh, a prisoner in Folsom days away from being released, as the murderer.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A22)
1984        Two men were killed in drug-related murders between San Jose and Los Gatos. Glen Nickerson (425 pounds) was one of 3 men sentenced to life in prison. In 2001 Nickerson, who claimed innocence, won bail for a week and then had his bail revoked.
    (SFC, 6/19/01, p.A15)
1984        Rush Limbaugh, an unemployed disc jockey from Kansas City, was hired by a Sacramento AM radio station. In 1988 Limbaugh took his show national and moved to NYC.
    (SFCM, 11/16/03, p.44)
1984        Robert Matthews, leader of the radical right group called “the Order," died in a shootout with federal agents after robbing a Brinks car in Mendocino and murdering Denver radio talk show host Allen Berg. Matthews was influenced by the William Pierce book, “The Turner Diaries."
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.C6)

1984-1996    Wells used by public water systems in the Central Valley with nitrates above drinking water standard jumped fourfold over this period.
    (SFC, 7/7/97, p.A8)

1985        Jan 6, Dan White (1946-1985), former SF supervisor and the killer in 1978 of SF Mayor Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk, was released from prison in Los Angeles.
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, DB p.46)

1985        Jan 28, The song "We are the World" was recorded in Hollywood, Ca. The collaborative song recorded by a dizzying array of stars, including Harry Belafonte, was released in March. Ken Kragen (1936-2021) latched onto Mr. Belafonte’s vision and became a pivotal behind-the-scenes force in creating the song. Quincy Jones produced the song with lyrics by Lionel Richie and Michael Jackson.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Are_the_World)(NY Times, 12/16/21)

1985        Jan, In California the Crescent Lady, a 62-foot commercial fishing boat, disappeared north of Monterey with three crewmembers. Local fishermen believed it was dragged under by a submarine.
    (SSFC, 6/25/17, DB p.54)

1985        March 2, The tug Willamette Pilot III sank in heavy seas off the coast of Mendocino, Ca. 6 crew members died.
    (SSFC, 3/7/10, DB p.46)

1985        Mar 19, In California Cinnamon Brown (15), aided by her sister-in-law, Patti Bailey, fatally shoot her stepmother Linda Brown in Orange County. David Brown (d.2014), a computer businessman, had persuaded the girls to kill his wife and went on to collect $835,000 in insurance before he was convicted in the murder. The story inspired two book and the TV miniseries “Love, Lies and Murder."
    (SSFC, 3/23/14, p.C3)(http://tinyurl.com/qhxqfua)

1985        Mar 31, In San Diego 2 white police officers stopped a pickup truck driven by Sagon Penn (d.2002). A scuffle ensued and Penn killed officer Thomas Riggs with the officer’s gun. Penn was acquitted under allegations of police brutality and racism.
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A24)

1985        Apr, Jimmy Luna murdered Stephan Eldridge (27). Maureen McDermott, Eldridge’s roommate, had hired Luna, who stabbed him to death and cut off his penis. Luna testified against McDermott, who was convicted and sentenced to death in 1990. In 2002 her sentence was upheld.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A1,10)

1985        May 7, In California Unit 1 of the Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant came online. Unit 2 became operational on March 13, 1986.

1985        May 20, Patti Frustaci of Riverside, Calif., who was expecting septuplets, gave birth to six live babies, three of whom died in the following weeks.
    (AP, 5/21/05)

1985        Jun 2, Leonard Lake committed suicide during a police interview in a South SF police station over his role in the tortures and killings at his home in Calaveras County.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A13)

1985        Jun 12, Frank Rice (d.1999) opened the Los Angeles Men's Place, LAMP, to aid men on Skid Row.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)

1985        Jul, Sean Dannehl (12) was knocked off his bicycle in a Sacramento Park and was later found stabbed to death. In 1986 Jon Dunkle, while in prison for robbery, admitted killing Dannehl as well as 2 other boys in the Bay Area. In 2005 the California Supreme Court upheld a death sentence for Dunkle (44).
    (SFC, 8/5/05, p.B4)

1985        Aug 22, Helena Greenwood (35) was found dead outside her home in Del Mar near San Diego. She had been attacked in her Atherton home in 1984 and was about to testify against David Frediani. In 2001 Frediani was convicted in her murder following DNA evidence that tied him to the murder.
    (SFC, 12/17/99, p.A26)(SFC, 1/30/01, p.A16)

1985        Aug 29, Joann Hobson (16) of Stockton, Ca., went missing. Her remains were found in 2012 in a compacted well in Linden, Ca., and attributed to Speed Freak Killers Wesley Shermantine and Loren Herzog.
    (SFC, 3/31/12, p.C1)

1985        Aug 31, Richard Ramirez, later convicted of California's "Night Stalker" killings, was captured by residents of an East Los Angeles neighborhood.
    (AP, 8/31/97)

1985        Sep 30, Maxxam Corp. made a tender offer for Pacific Lumber at $36 a share. The same day it demanded and received a 50% cut in fees due to Drexel Burnham Lambert. During the summer the Wall Street firm Drexel Burnham Lambert and Maxxam Corp. had hired a timber consultant to fly over the holdings of Pacific Lumber and estimate their worth. Charles Hurwitz announced his intention to acquire Pacific Lumber and had Michael Milken of Drexel arrange junk bond financing. Control of Pacific Lumber passed to Hurwitz of Texas-based Maxxam by the end of the year. The bonds were sold to United Savings Association, a Texas S&L whose parent corporation was owned by Charles Hurwitz. The thrift failed in 1988 and taxpayers were stuck with a $1.6 billion bailout.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A4-5)(www.mcn.org/e/iii/politics/hurwitzm.htm)

1985        Oct 10, Orson Welles (70), actor-director, died of a heart attack in Los Angeles. In 1972 Joseph McBride authored “Orson Welles," in 1989 Frank Brady authored “Citizen Welles: A Biography of Orson Welles." In 2006 Simon Callow authored “Orson Welles: Hello American," the 2nd volume of a 3-part biography.
    (AP, 10/10/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orson_Welles)(WSJ, 8/19/06, p.P8)

1985        Oct 11, Alex Odeh, regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC), was killed by a bomb blast in Santa Ana, Calif.
    (AP, 10/11/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_Odeh)

1985        Oct 21, Ex-Supervisor Dan White committed suicide by carbon monoxide in his wife’s car. He killed Mayor Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk in 1978, for which he served barely 5 years after a diminished capacity defense called the “Twinkie defense."
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)

1985        Nov 18, Hai Vo of San Francisco won $2 million in the California state lottery. He had purchased his winning ticket with state welfare benefits.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, DB p.50)

1985        Dorothy Chandler (1901-1997), wife of Norman Chandler (the 3rd publisher of the Los Angeles Times), was one of 11 of the first recipients of the new National Medal of Arts called for by Pres. Reagan for her work in establishing the Los Angeles County Music Center in 1964.
    (SFC, 7/7/97, p.A16)
1985        Horton Plaza, a 7-story shopping complex, opened in downtown San Diego.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.23)
1985        The California legislature amended the Public Utilities Commission secrecy law to say that former commission employees can be charged with misdemeanor for releasing records.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A21)
1985        The California Lottery, Lotto, began to be run by GTECH Inc., based in Greenwich, R.I. The lottery was to give one-third of all its revenues to the Cal. school system. GTECH in 1996 received 2.9 cents for every dollar wagered.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.C2)(SSFC, 10/9/11, DB p.42)
1985        In California an outbreak of listeria was linked to soft cheese made from raw milk produced in Los Angeles. Of the 142 cases reported, 93 were in pregnant women or their children. There were 48 deaths, including 20 fetuses.
1985        Patrick H. Ghilotti was arrested in Marin County for 2 sexual assaults less than a year after release from prison for rapes committed in the 1970s. He had been dubbed the Lincoln Avenue Rapist for his activities in San Rafael.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A19)
1985        Brenda O’Connor (20), her husband Lonnie Bond and their baby son disappeared. A video made by Leonard Lake and Charles Ng later showed her bound to a chair at his hideaway near Wilseyville in Calaveras Ct., Ca. Charles Ng was arrested in Canada for killing a dozen people in a hideaway in the Sierra Nevada foothills in 1984-1985. He fought extradition for 6 years but was finally returned to California by a Canadian Supreme Court order.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/31/96, p.A23)
1985        In LA Sgt. George Arthur was murdered in a suspected love triangle. In 1999 former officer Ted Eugene Kirby was found dead in Spokane after a police warrant was issued for his arrest. DNA evidence had recently implicated him in the murder of Arthur.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A6)
1985        Cynthia Engstrom (19), a prostitute, was killed by Leslie Arthur Byrd, a Marin County banker, in his Novato home bathtub as part of a sex fantasy. Byrd was convicted of 2nd degree murder and sentenced 15 years to life.
    (SFC, 1/23/02, p.A15)
1985        In San Diego Kenneth Muck (55), a liquor store clerk, was stabbed 37 times during a robbery by Terry Bemore, a former Palo Alto police officer. Bemore’s death sentence was upheld in 2000.
    (SFC, 4/21/00, p.A26)
1985        In Santa Barbara James Tramel (17) and an accomplice were charged with stabbing to death Michael Stephenson (29), a homeless man, in what was described as a thrill crime. Tramel, who did not do the stabbing, was sentenced to 15 years to life in prison, where he became an ordained Episcopalian priest. In 2006 Gov. Schwarzenegger pardoned Tramel.
    (SFC, 3/11/06, p.B4)
1985        Richard Price, co-founder of Esalen, was killed by a falling rock.
    (SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A17)

1986        Jan 18, In southern California Robbin Brandley (23), a voluntary usher at a piano concert in Orange County, was stabbed 41 times. In 2018 Andrew Urdiales (54) was sentenced to death for this murder and seven others between 1986 and 1995. On Nov 2, 2018 Urdiales was found dead in his San Quentin Prison cell.
    (SFC, 11/6/18, p.C2)

1986        Jan 22, The body of Yvonne Coleman (15) was found in a park in Inglewood, California. In 2008 DNA evidence linked Michael Hughes (51), already in jail for 4 other murders (1992-1993), to her murder and 3 others. In 2011 Hughes, a former security guard dubbed the “Southside Slayer," was found guilty of strangling three more victims in a series of attacks that stretched over a decade.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.B6)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.C5)

1986        Jan 28, In northern California the Apex Houston oil spill began. By Feb 4 it killed an estimated 6,500 common murre seabirds.
    (www.dfg.ca.gov/ospr/NRDA/apex-houston.aspx)(SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A27)

1986        Feb 24, Sherri Rasmussen (29) was beaten, shot and killed at her condominium in Los Angeles. In 2009 Police detective Stephanie Lazarus (49) was charged with the murder following DNA evidence linking her to the murder of her former boyfriend’s wife. On May 11, 2012, Lazarus (52) was sentenced to 27 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/10/09, p.B5)(http://celebrity.rightpundits.com/?p=6093)(SFC, 5/12/12, p.A5)

1986        Feb, A huge storm hit the California. A levee break near the Yuba County town of Linda produced $500 million in damage.
    (SFC, 1/10/96, p.A21)(SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.C1)
1986        Feb, In California there was record flooding on the Russian River as waters surged to 49.5 feet.
    (SSFC, 12/13/15, p.A16)

1986          Mar 27, Rose Ann Parker shot and killed, Arthur Boga (54). Boga had threatened to shoot her, her former boyfriend and her son after he learned that she was pregnant. Boga was also a drug dealer, and a violent abusive man who beat her regularly and got her pregnant. Parker was convicted of 2nd degree murder in 1987. In 2000 Gov. Davis granted parole to Parker. The battered women's syndrome was not a legal defense in California in 1986 and wasn’t accepted until 1992. Parker wouldn't have been convicted of murder if it had been.
     (SFC, 9/25/00, p.A1)(P-E, 10/6/00, p.B8)

1986        Apr 8, Clint Eastwood (b.1930), filmstar and director, was elected mayor of Carmel, California.

1986        Apr 29, Some 350,000 books were damaged by fire and water in the LA Central Library.

1986        May 5, In California the East Area Rapist bludgeoned to death Janelle Cruz (18) in her parent’s home in Irvine. This was his last known crime since a first attack on June 18, 1976, in Rancho Cordova. In 2016 the FBI and local law enforcement offered a $50,000 reward and issued a fresh appeal for public information to identify him.
    (SFC, 6/16/16, p.A10)

1986        May 11, Fred Markham (US), unpaced and unaided by wind, became 1st to pedal 65 mph on a level course, Big Sand Flat, Calif.

1986        Jun 4, The California Supreme Court approved the “deep pockets law." It limited the liability of manufacturers and other wealthy defendants.
    (SFC, 8/19/97, p.A1)

1986        Jun 6, Ronn Teitelbaum (d.2000 at 61) opened his Johnny Rockets restaurant on Melrose Ave. in Los Angeles. In 2000 it had grown to 138 outlets in 25 states.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.D5)

1986        Aug 16, Flozelle Woodmore (18), shot and killed her abusive boyfriend, Clifton Morrow, with a .357 magnum in the presence of their 2-year-old son in Los Angeles. In 2007 Gov. Schwarzenegger, said he no longer oppose her parole.
    (SFC, 8/3/07, p.B12)(http://tinyurl.com/2mvdzg)

1986        Aug 31, Aeromexico flight 498 with 64 passengers collided with a light plane as it approached Los Angeles and crashed to the ground where an additional 15 people were killed. The National Transportation Safety Board blamed flaws in the overloaded traffic control system. 82 people were killed when an Aeromexico jetliner and a small private plane collided over Cerritos, Calif.
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A20)(AP, 8/31/97)

1986        Sep 15, The 1st pilot of "LA Law" was broadcast NBC-TV.

1986        Oct 1, The New Folsom Prison for maximum security opened. It was built to house 3,200 inmates.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A13)

1986        Oct 14, California Lottery’s first online computer game, Lotto 6/49, began to run.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, DB p.42)

1986        Oct, Bill and Patricia Grondalski and their 2  children aged 5 & 17 were killed by Gerald Lester and Charles Anthony  Diaz in Fort Bragg. The murders were the result of a Hell’s Angels drug dispute and $900 worth of stolen club decals. A jury in 1997 found Lester guilty of murder. Lester was sentenced to 15 years for killing Grondalski and life without parole for the other 3 murders.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A21)(SFC, 1/24/98, p.A20)

1986        Oct, A drug raid in LA was made. The LA County Sheriff’s Dept. documented that Nicaraguan drug trafficker Daniel Blandon was shipping hundreds of kilos of cocaine in the Southern California area. In 1998 Gary Webb published “Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion."
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, BR p.3)

1986        Dec 14, The experimental aircraft Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards Air Force Base in California on the first non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world. (The trip took nine days.)
    (AP, 12/14/97)

1986        Dec 27, In San Diego Cara Evelynn Knott was strangled to death by an on-duty highway patrol officer. Officer Craig Alan Peyer was convicted of the murder, the first ever homicide conviction of an on duty CHP.
    (WSJ, 12/15/97, p.A20)

1986        Marine World moved to Vallejo, Ca.
    (SFEC, 4/21/97, p.A1)
1986        Pat Paulsen built the Pat Paulsen Winery in Asti, Ca., and proclaimed himself mayor. The comedian died Apr 24, 1997 at 69. In 1968 on the Smothers Brothers TV show he announced that he was running for president and actually got his name on the ballot in 1972.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A22)
1986        Isleton in the Sacramento delta began hosting a Crawdad Festival as part of a small Father's Day celebration with several hundred people. In 1999 a crowd of over 150,000 was expected.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.A19)
1986        California politicians Willie Brown and Bill Lockyer negotiated a bill that exempted tobacco and alcohol from product liability lawsuits in the “napkin deal" at Frank Fat’s restaurant.
    (SFC, 4/7/97, p.A20)
1986        California passed the Ellis Act which allowed landlords to evict all their tenants at one time and withdraw from the rental business.
    (SFC, 2/24/99, p.A13)
1986        California mandated seat belts for all drivers and passengers.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1986        California’s Legislature approved AB2020 effectively requiring a 5-cent deposit on beverage containers of less than 24 oz. and 10 cents on larger containers. Milk containers were exempt.
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.E2)
1986        Henrietta Briones (26) of Compton, Ca., shot and killed Larry Daniels, her former live-in boyfriend, following abuse and threats to her life. She was convicted of 2nd degree murder and sentenced 17 years to life in prison. Domestic violence became admissible evidence in 1992.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A1)
1986        Larry Layton was convicted of conspiring to murder San Mateo, Ca., Representative Leo Ryan in Jonestown, Guyana. He was sentenced to a life in prison.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.D6)
1986        California voters unseated liberal Supreme Court Justices Cruz Reynoso, Rose Bird and Joseph Grodin. In 1983 Betty Medsger authored "Framed: The New Right Attack on Chief Justice Rose Bird and the Courts."
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.B4)
1986        California sold $11 billion in investments in companies that did business with South Africa to protest apartheid.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1986        The UC Board of Regents agreed to drop all stocks in companies doing business with South Africa.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.C8)
1986        California’s Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) program mandated education or job training for AFDC recipients.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, Z1 p.5)
1986        The Milk Farm restaurant on I-80 in Dixon, Ca., closed down after a storm blew a hole in the roof. Its famous neon cow continued to jump over the moon as motorist drove by. The restaurant had opened in 1928 on what was then called Lincoln Highway. In 2000 Paul Moller, a Davis inventor, planned to use the site for a factory to develop his flying commuter Sky Car.
    (SFC, 1/27/00, p.A17)
1986        California-based Wells Fargo merged with Crocker National Corp. and Crocker National Bank.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A10)
1986        California-based Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS) was established as an authority on coin authenticity and quality.
    (Econ 5/20/17, p.66)
1986        PG&E notified California that it was examining some 32 sites where gas was once manufactured from oil. The EPA estimated that there were up to 3,000 sites left over from the gaslight era contained harmful chemicals.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A14)
1986        The pine pitch canker was first noticed in California. Wilted needles and browned branch tips preceded the formation of resin-oozing cankers which then attract beetles. It was believed that beetles carried the disease.
    (SFC, 11/30/98, p.A17)
1986        In California a female adult condor (AC-8) was captured for breeding. She provided 9 offspring in captivity and was released in 2000.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.B10)
1986        In California 5 women were murdered in the Central Valley along I-5. In 2008 Roger Reese Kibbe (68) was charged with the 5 murders along with a 1977 murder of a woman from Walnut Creek. He was already serving a life sentence for the murder of a West Sacramento prostitute, whose body was found in 1987.
    (SSFC, 3/9/08, p.B3)
1986        Christopher Isherwood, British born author, died of prostate cancer in Santa Monica, Ca. He was best know for his 1935 semi-autobiographical “The Berlin Stories," which was the basis for the 1966 musical Cabaret and made into a 1972 film. His life-partner was painter Don Bachardy. His “Diaries: Volume II, 1939-1960" were published in 1997.
    (SFC, 8/30/96, p.D1)(SFC, 1/16/97, p.E3)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.B6)

1986-1987    Joseph Martin Danks stabbed to death 6 Korean immigrants in Los Angeles. He was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. In 1990 he strangled his cellmate, Walter Holt (67). Danks was sentenced to death in 1993 and the decision was upheld by the state Supreme Court in 2004.
    (SFC, 2/4/04, p.A19)

1987        Jan 13, In Chico, Ca., Dr. William Chiapella (67) and his wife Katherine were beaten and stabbed to death in their home. In 1989 Steven Crittenden (21) was convicted of their murder and sentenced to death. In 2013 his conviction and sentence were tossed out because prosecutors had dismissed the only African American in the jury pool.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/qxd6lsq)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.C5)

1987        Feb 1, Sala Burton (b.1925), US Representative from California (1983-1987), died of colon cancer in Washington, DC. She served as president of the San Francisco Democratic Women's Forum from 1957 to 1959. Burton was succeeded by Nancy Pelosi.

1987        Feb 23, G. Patrick Ziemann was appointed as the Catholic bishop of Santa Rosa.
    (SFC, 2/11/00, p.A1)

1987        Feb 25, The US Supreme Court ruled that California cannot bar gambling on Indian tribal land. This win by the Cabazon tribe opened the door to Indian gambling nationwide. By 2015 almost half of America’s 566 Native American tribes and villages operated casinos.
    (SFC, 5/11/04, p.B8)(WSJ, 9/27/05, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/7ub24)(Econ, 1/17/15, p.32)

1987        Mar 17, Antonio Lopez (b.1943), fashion illustrator, died in Los Angeles from AIDS. In 2018 the documentary "Antonio Lopez 1970: Sex Fashion & Disco,"  directed by James Crump,  was released.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Lopez_(illustrator))(SFC, 10/5/18, p.E6)

1987        Apr 6, Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis said on ABC's "Nightline" that blacks "may not have some of the necessities" to hold managerial jobs in major-league baseball. Campanis ended up being fired over his remarks.
    (AP, 4/6/07)

1987        Apr 17, Dick Shawn (57), comic actor born as Richard Schulefand, died while on stage at UC San Diego. He starred in the 1968 Mel Brooks film “The Producers."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, Par p.2)(MC, 4/17/02)

1987        Apr 19, The last free-flying condor in California, a 19-pound, 7-year-old male, was captured. He was released in 2002.
    (SFC, 3/3/00, p.A21)(SFC, 5/2/02, p.A6)

1987        Apr 22, Joe Hunt, leader of a social and investment group called the "Billionaire Boys Club," was convicted by a jury in Santa Monica, Calif., of murdering Ron Levin in 1984, a con man whose body had not been found. Hunt was sentenced to life in prison. In 1992 Hunt was also tried for the 1984 killing of Hedayat Eslaminia, but a hung jury forced a mistrial.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p. A17)(SFC, 3/29/97, p.A20)(AP, 4/22/97)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)

1987        Apr 25, Larry Singleton (d.2001), rapist, was paroled from California State Prison near Chico after serving just over half of his 14 year sentence. A furor erupted and state officials settled him in a trailer on the grounds of San Quentin State Prison. In 1997 he stabbed a prostitute to death in Florida.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)

1987        May 29, A jury in Los Angeles found "Twilight Zone" movie director John Landis and four associates innocent of involuntary manslaughter in the movie-set deaths of actor Vic Morrow and two children.
    (AP, 5/29/97)

1987        Jun 3, Patricia Lopez (9) disappeared after leaving school in Santa Ana, Ca. Her body was found 2 days later bludgeoned to death in a feeder tunnel of the Santa Ana riverbed. In 2007 DNA evidence identified her brother, Rosendo Lopez (42), as the murderer.
    (SFC, 10/16/07, p.D12)

1987        Jun 10, The Nuremberg Actions protest over US arms shipments to Central America began at the Concord Naval Weapons Station.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A19)

1987        Jun 22, Fred Astaire (b.1899), Hollywood dancer, died at a Los Angeles hospital. His elegance and fancy footwork graced more than 30 films. A 1984 biography by Bob Thomas was titled: "Astaire: The man, The Dancer." In 2008 Joseph Epstein authored “Fred Astaire." In 2009 Peter J. Levinson authored “Puttin’ on the Ritz."
    (AP 6/22/97)(SFC, 8/25/97, p.E3)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.100)(WSJ, 4/4/09, p.W8)

1987        Jun, In southern California Pierre Romain was shot in the arm by Jade Clark as Romain attempted to carjack Clark’s car outside a Hollywood nightclub. Clark was shot and killed by Romain. In 2017 DNA evidence linked Romain to the murder.
    (SFC, 8/12/17, p.A6)

1987        Aug 4, Jesse Unruh (b.1922), Democrat and the 54th speaker of the California state Assembly (1961-1969), died while serving as California state treasurer (1975-1987). In 2007 Bill Boyarsky authored “Big Daddy: Jesse Unruh and the Art of Power Politics."
    (SSFC, 11/11/07, p.M1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Unruh)

1987        Aug 16, Thousands of people worldwide began a two-day celebration of the "harmonic convergence," which heralded what believers called the start of a new, purer age of humankind. Nearly 5,000 people gathered at Mount Shasta, Ca., for the Harmonic Convergence aimed at bringing about world peace.
    (AP, 8/16/97)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.C5)

1987        Sep 1, In California S. Brian Wilson, Vietnam veteran, had his legs sliced off when a munitions train at the Concord Naval Weapons Station ran him over during the Nuremberg Actions protest against weapons shipments to Central America.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A19)(AP, 9/1/97)

1987        Sep, The legislature passed a law that required unmarried minors to obtain consent of a parent or a judge for an abortion.
    (SFC, 5/5/97, p.A4)

1987        Oct 1, Eight people were killed when an earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale and an aftershock measuring 5.3 struck the Los Angeles area. In 1999 researchers reported that data revealed a new active fault system, christened the Punete Hills fault, under Los Angeles that probably caused the Whittier Narrows earthquake.
    (AP, 10/1/97)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.A7)

1987        Oct 29, Woody Herman (b.1913), US jazz clarinetist and composer, died in Los Angeles at age 74. The government had just seized his home for back taxes. His manager Abe Turchen had not paid taxes on musician salaries for 3 years. Gene Lees later authored "Leader of the Band: Woody Herman."
    (AP, 10/29/97)(WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A14)

1987        Dec 7, A Pacific Southwest Airlines jetliner crashed in California after a gunman apparently opened fire on a fellow passenger and the two pilots. Flight 1771, bound for San Francisco, crashed and killed all 43 people onboard. The FBI later said David Burke, a fired USAir worker, shot his former supervisor and the pilots in cockpit.
    (AP, 12/7/97)(SSFC, 12/23/12, DB p.42)

1987        US Congress added portions of California’s Merced, Kings, and Kern Rivers (north and south forks) to the national system for federal protection. The 1968 National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act originally covered 9 rivers including the Middle Fork Feather River in California.
    (SFC, 7/21/06, p.B3)
1987        California Gov. George Deukmejian (1928-2018) presided over a $1 billion state tax rebate.
    (SFC, 5/9/18, p.A10)
1987        There were demonstrations at the Concord Naval Weapons Station against the base’s alleged role in shipping arms to Central America. Writer Alice Walker was arrested.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, BR p.6)
1987        Litto’s Hubcap Ranch in Napa became a California Registered Landmark No. 939. It was begun in the 1930s by Emanuelle “Litto" Damonte.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, p.T4)
1987        Robert George served as the official Santa for 6 presidents and maintained a year-round Christmas display at his home in Glendale, CA., until 1987 when it was declared a gaudy eyesore. Pres. Eisenhower had invited Robert George (d.1998 at 74) to the White House in 1956 to serve as the official Santa Claus.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.C2)
1987        In Pasadena a crematory owner was accused of selling body parts and stuffing up to 18 bodies at a time into a combustion chamber.
    (WSJ, 2/28/02, p.B1)
1987        The Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute was founded.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A8)
1987        The city of Highland, Ca., in San Bernadino Ct., incorporated.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.B8)
1987        The Napa Valley Wine Train was restored by interior designer Norman Roth (d.1999 at 72).
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A22)
1987        Hubcap Ranch in Pope Valley, Napa County, Ca., was declared a state historic landmark. Litto Damonte (d.1985), Italian marble mason, had bought the 360-acre ranch in 1930. He soon began collecting hubcaps from passing cars on the potholed Pope Valley Road.
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, p.B2)
1987        The 90-day wild horse training program was begun at the Susanville State Prison. The Bureau of Land management supplies the horses and hay while the prison supplies unpaid inmates to train horses for the Adopt-a-Horse program.
    (SFEC, 9/27/98, Z1 p.5)
1987        Herbert James Coddington murdered 2 chaperones, Mabs Martin (69) and Dorothy Walsh (73) and raped 2 teenage girls at South Lake Tahoe. In 2000 the state Supreme court upheld his death penalty.
    (SFC, 7/4/00, p.A3)
1987        William Thompson (61), a San Diego newspaper publisher, was found dead with 55 stab wounds. In 2005 DNA evidence linked prison inmate Stanley Clayton to the murder.
    (SFC, 2/24/05, p.B3)

1987-1989    June Bulman (d.1998 at 72), served as the first elected woman mayor of Concord.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A19)

1987-1992    California experienced a 5-year drought.
    (Econ, 8/27/05, p.28)

1987-1995    Gray Davis served as state controller. He was elected lt. governor in 1995 and state governor in 1999.
    (SFC, 11/12/03, p.A12)

1987-1998    Chester D. Turner, a pizza delivery man, raped and strangled at least 10 women in South Los Angeles. In 2004 DNA Turner (39) was charged with 10 murders based on DNA evidence. Turner was already serving an 8-year sentence for rape when DNA linked him to the serial killings. In 2007 he was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 10/27/04)(SFC, 7/11/07, p.B10)

1988        Jan 5, Basketball star "Pistol" Pete Maravich died of a heart attack during a pickup game in Pasadena, Calif., at age 40. He had recently finished an autobiography. In 2007 Mark Kriegel authored “Pistol: The Life of Pete Maravich."
    (AP, 1/5/98)(WSJ, 2/3/07, p.P13)

1988        Jan 11, Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (75), World War II flying ace died in Fresno, Calif.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1988        Jan 19, State Farm Insurance Co. in California announced that it will pay $1.3 million to settle a sex discrimination lawsuit brought by three former employees.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1988        Feb 16, Seven people were shot to death during an office rampage in Sunnyvale, Calif.
    (AP, 2/16/98)

1988        Mar 1, Robert K. Best was appointed by California Gov. George Deukmejian to serve as the chief of Caltrans and served from this day to May 15, 1991. He helped design a 10-year master plan and adopted a project management system to track time and costs.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)

1988        Mar 15, In southern California Joe Morgan (49), a former baseball star and Hall of Famer, was roughed up and handcuffed by LA police and a DEA agent, who mistook him for a drug suspect. A federal appeal court later reduced Morgan’s $540,000 damage award to between $190,000 and $340,000.
    (SSFC, 9/10/17 DB p.54)

1988        Mar 16, Mickey Thompson (59), drag racer, and his wife Trudy (41) were found shot to death at their Bradbury home 15 miles east of LA. In December, 2001, Michael Goodwin, Thompson’s former business partner, was charged with the murders of Mickey and Trudy Thompson. Goodwin’s trial opened in 2006. On Jan 4, 2007, a jury convicted Michael Goodwin on two counts of murder. On Mar 1, 2007, Goodwin was sentenced to 2 consecutive life terms in prison and continued to claim he was innocent of the murder.
    (www.unsolved.com/UD0204-Thompson.html)(SFC, 1/5/07, p.B10)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.B12)

1988        Apr 12, Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs, Calif.

1988        Apr 29, Molloko, the 1st California condor chick conceived in captivity, was born in the San Diego Zoo.

1988        May 13, In northern California the body of Wynetta Davis (26) of Vallejo was found in a trough on Pepper Rd. in Petaluma. She was last seen two days earlier and an autopsy revealed that she had been strangled. In 2013 DNA testing led to the arrest of two men in connection to her slaying.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.D3)

1988        Jun 21, The Los Angeles Lakers repeated as NBA champions as they beat the Detroit Pistons, 108-105.
    (AP, 6/21/98)

1988        Aug 9, Hockey star Wayne Gretzky of the Edmonton Oilers was traded to the Los Angeles Kings.
    (AP, 8/9/98)

1988        Aug, An FBI sting operation ended in the state capital. Agents posed as Southern businessmen seeking a bill for bond financing of a phony shrimp processing plant. Over the next 6 years 3 former legislative aides were convicted on charges stemming from the sting. State Senators Paul Carpenter (d.2002), Joseph Montoya, Alan Robbins (D) and Frank Hill (R) went to prison as did GOP Assemblyman Pat Nolan. Two lobbyists were also convicted.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, p.A15)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A32)

1988        Oct 5, Grandma Prisbrey, born as Thresie (Tressa) Luella Schaefer (1896), died in California. During her life she constructed her bottle village in Simi Valley including 3 bottle structures to house her collection of 17,000 pencils. In 1981 the site was named a California State Historical Landmark and in 1996 was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
    (WSJ, 10/21/08, p.D9)(www.agilitynut.com/h/prisbrey.html)

1988        Oct 15, The Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Oakland A's, 5-4, in the World Series opener that featured a dramatic game-winning home run hit by Kirk Gibson.
    (AP, 10/15/98)

1988        Oct 16, The Los Angeles Dodgers shut out the Oakland A's, 6-0, in game two of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/16/98)

1988        Oct 18, The Oakland A's defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 in game three of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/18/98)

1988        Oct 19, The Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Oakland A's 4-3 in game four of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/19/98)

1988        Oct 20, The Los Angeles Dodgers won the World Series, defeating the Oakland A's in game five by a score of 5-2.
    (AP, 10/20/98)

1988        Nov 11, Police in Sacramento, Calif., found the first of seven bodies buried on the grounds of a boardinghouse. Landlady Dorothea Puente (d.2011 at 82) later charged in the deaths of 9 people; she was convicted of 3 murders and sentenced to life in prison in 1993.
    (AP, 11/11/98)(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A21)(SFC, 3/28/11, p.A4)

1988        Nov, California voters approved Prop. 98 which required that at least 40% of the state budget be spent on public schools.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1988        Nov, In California 55% of voters approved Prop. 89 allowing the governor to veto state parole board decisions releasing inmates with sentences of up to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)

1988        The Oakland Museum mounted a retrospective of Granville Redmond, an early California impressionist. His biography was written by Mildred Albronda.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A19)
1988        Patrick Dowling (d.1998) authored "California, The Irish Dream."
    (SFC, 12/23/98, p.C5)
1988        Michael Silverblatt began his radio show “Bookworm" at KCRW in Santa Monica.
    (WSJ, 12/11/01, p.A17)
1988        The Corcoran State Prison opened in Kings County. Since the opening more than 50 [43] inmates have been shot by guards for failure to stop fighting and 7 of those shot died.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.A24)
1988        The $10 million Blackhawk Automotive Museum in Danville was built by Kenneth Behring. Behring had developed the Blackhawk gated community.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A6)
1988        Construction began on the Robinson Rancheria, a $2.2 million Pomo Indian gambling casino on the north shore of Clear Lake.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.A17)
1988        Ernest Lindner (d.2001 at 79) founded the Int’l. Printing Museum in Carson, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.C2)
1988        Bay Area residents voted to standardize all tolls on the region's state-owned bridges at $1, and to use the money to fund bridge and transit improvements. In 1997 the California Legislature added $1 to fund seismic retrofit work on the bridges.
    (SMBP, 2004)
1988        Cesar Chavez, founder of the United Farmworkers Union, fasted for 36 days to protest the use of pesticides on crops picked by farmworkers.
    (SFC, 4/15/98, p.A16)
1988        The state Supreme Court prohibited 3rd-party lawsuits for bad-faith decisions. In 1999 Gov. Davis restored the right of people injured in accidents to sue insurance companies for bad-faith decisions.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A1)
1988        Charlotte Mae Thrailkill (29) was sentenced to 14 years in prison for lewd and lascivious acts with 5 children. She was the first California woman to be declared a sexually violent predator.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A20)
1988        The Shell Oil Co. was responsible for a major oil spill in Carquinez. Money from a settlement was used in 1994 to buy 10,000 acres of Cargill Salt Co. land on the west side of the Napa River as state protected wetlands.
    (SFC, 10/25/96, p.A10)
1988        Wells Fargo acquired Barclays Bank of California.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A10)
1988        The Simpson Timber Co. of Seattle began plowing 10,000 acres of grazing and seasonal wetland south of Red Bluff to plant eucalyptus trees as raw material for paper. The EPA found out 2 years later and in 1996 Simpson settled out of court with an agreement to pay $30,000, provide $50,000 for the expansion of the Vina Plains Preserve, and protect 3,500 acres adjacent to the farm as a permanent vernal pool reserve.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A16)
1988        Virginia Jensen sold her Hamlet oyster farm on Tomales Bay to the National Park Service.
    (SFCM, 4/15/01, p.10)
1988        The Ambassador Hotel in LA, site of the 1968 assassination of Robert Kennedy, closed. The site was later acquired by the LA Unified School District.
    (WSJ, 1/8/03, p.B1)
1988        In California the Navarro River Redwoods State Park was purchased by the Save the Redwoods League, setting aside 12 miles of parklands along the Navarro River.
1988        The Pacific Flyway Project was hatched by the Point Reyes Bird Observatory and Robert P. Howell III (d. 1997 at 85) provided the computer software to tabulate the results.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B13)

1988-1989    The Academy Awards were held in Los Angeles at the Shrine Auditorium. From 1990-1999 the site traded between the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion and the Shrine auditorium.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.D5)

1989        Jan 17, Five children were shot to death at the Cleveland Elementary School in Stockton, Calif., by a drifter who then killed himself. Patrick Henry Purdy (27), an alcoholic with a gun fetish, had gone to school there.
    (AP, 1/17/99)(SFC, 10/4/06, p.A1)

1989        Jan 22, In Super Bowl XXXIII, the San Francisco 49ers came from behind to defeat the Cincinnati Bengals 20-to-16 in Miami's Joe Robbie Stadium. Joe Montana rifled a 10-yard touchdown pass to John Taylor with just 34 seconds left in the game to win.
    (AP, 1/22/99)(SSFC, 1/19/14, DB p.42)

1989        Mar, Horace McKenna, former CHP officer and strip club owner, was shot to death outside his home in Orange County. Michael Woods, David Amos, and John Sheridan were charged with the murder and conspiracy to murder.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A15)

1989        Apr 14, Former winery worker Ramon Salcido killed 6 relatives, including his wife and daughters, and a co-worker in Sonoma County. He was tried and convicted in Oct. 1990 by Judge Littrell (d.1997) and sentenced to death. In 2007 Salcedo was still on death row with his case in the appeal process.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.E2)(AP, 4/14/99)

1989        Apr 20, Ramon Salcido, a California winery worker later convicted of killing six relatives and a co-worker, was deported from Mexico to the U.S.
    (AP, 4/20/99)

1989        May 2, California announced that San Jose had passed San Francisco in population.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.4)

1989        May 20, Comedian Gilda Radner died in Los Angeles at age 42.
    (AP, 5/20/99)

1989        May 22, In West Los Angeles football star O.J. Simpson (41) pleaded no contest to battering his wife, Nicole Simpson (29), during a New Years Day argument.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A8)(SSFC, 5/18/14, DB p.50)   

1989        Jul 1, "Playboy" magazine founder Hugh Hefner married Kimberley Faye Conrad at his mansion in Los Angeles. The couple separated in 1998.
    (AP, 7/1/99)

1989        Jul 10, Mel Blanc (81), the "man of a thousand voices," including such cartoon characters as Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester and Tweety, Tazmanian Devil, Wile E. Coyote and Roadrunner, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/10/99)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A19)

1989        Jul 18, Actress Rebecca Schaeffer, 21, was shot to death at her Los Angeles home by obsessed fan Robert Bardo, who was later sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/18/99)

1989        Jul 26, Mark Wellman, a 29-year-old paraplegic, reached the summit of El Capitan in Yosemite National Park after hauling himself up the granite cliff six inches at a time over nine days.
    (AP, 7/26/99)

1989        Aug 20, Entertainment executive Jose Menendez and his wife, Kitty, were murdered. Eric and Lyle Menendez stood accused of murdering their parents at their Beverly Hills home. In their first trial the jury deadlocked, but in 1996 they were convicted of first-degree murder. They based their defense on a history of parental abuse. They were sentenced to consecutive life terms without the possibility of parole.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-15)(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A24)

1989        Sep 18, California’s Gov. Deukmejian signed into law a bill making it illegal to eat household pets.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, DB p.42)

1989        Sep 29, In California The Integrated Waste Management Act of 1989 was signed into law. Republican Gov. George Deukmejian and Democratic lawmakers in control of the Legislature had negotiated the creation of the Integrated Waste Management Board to oversee the reduction of waste going to landfills.
    (SSFC, 6/14/09, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/l9wx7d)

1989        Oct 3, Art Shell became the first African-American to coach a professional football team, the Los Angeles Raiders.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1989        Oct 11, In California Cathy Paternoster (32) was shot and killed and her boyfriend Carl Fuerst (41) was wounded outside their Spring Valley Lake home. In 2009 Eric Fagan (74) was arrested in connection with the killing of Paternoster, his girlfriend’s daugher. Police said Fagan had killed Cathy Paternoster so that her mother, Betty Paternoster, could gain custody of her 3 granddaughters.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.D4)(www.sbsun.com/news/ci_13618941)

1989        Oct 17, The 7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake [Watsonville] hit the San Francisco area minutes before the start of a World Series game there and 67 people died and 3,000 were injured. It caused $7 billion worth of damage. The Spreckel’s Temple of Music in Golden Gate Park was damaged and later restored. 28,000 structures were damaged and several freeways ruined. 42 people died on the Cypress Freeway. At the train station in SF Dr. Margaret McChesney commandeered a tour bus to take frightened passengers home and navigated the driver safely through barricades of cars and gangs of marauding youths on 3rd St. In 1999 new measuring methods changed the magnitude to 6.9.
    (SFC, 4/15/96,A-6)(SFC, 10/17/96, A15)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/17/97)(AR,9/12/98)(HN, 10/17/98)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A21)

1989        Dec 9, A warehouse fire at the Mendocino Coast Distributing company, owned by Florence Martha Beardslee, was blamed on Anheuser-Busch. In 2000 Beardslee was sentenced to 7 years in prison for hiring men to set the fire and with other arson related charges.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A22)

1989        California’s Gov. Brown and journalist Dick Adler co-authored “Public Justice, Private Mercy: A Governor’s Education on Death Row."
    (SFC, 1/13/03, p.A1)

1989        The new Folsom Prison was built.
    (SFEC, 1/26/97, p.B4)

1989        The Santa Rita Rehabilitation Center in Livermore was condemned and replaced. It was renamed the Alameda County Jail Santa Rita.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.E1)

1989        Sheila Kuehl co-founded the California Women’s Law Center.
    (SFC, 9/22/96, Zone 1 p.3)

1989        The Holy Land Foundation was founded in California as an Islamic charity. In 2002 it filed suit against the US Departments of Justice, Treasury and State for violation of its civil rights and putting it out of business as a suspected conduit for terrorist funds.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A14)

1989        Nedim Buyukmihci, animal rights leader, founded the nonprofit Animal Place sanctuary in Vacaville, Ca.
    (SFCM, 8/24/03, p.8)

1989        The Hess Collection in Napa opened as a combination winery and modern art museum. Donald Hess, a Swiss water wizard, had acquired the former Theodore Gier Winery in the 1970s.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, p.T5)

1989        In Daly City PG&E consultants under state orders found toxic residues at Midway Village and then found records that that the 150-unit subdivision was atop contaminated fill - toxic scrapings from the next-door PG&E site - originally covered by WW II era housing. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PNAs), previously know as polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, were found. These substances were linked to numerous types of cancer.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A14)

1989        An Act of Congress authorized an expansion of the Sacramento River National Refuge to a projected 18,000 acres.
    (WSJ, 5/5/99, p.CA1)
1989        California outlawed some military-style semiautomatic weapons following the Jan 17 slaying of children in Stockton.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1989        A state bond measure approved $10.7 million for a state museum in Sacramento. It was scheduled to open in 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/11/97, p.CA1)
1989        In California a Parking and Business Improvement Area Law authorized the formation of a Business Improvement District enabling a city, county, or joint powers authority (made up of cities and/or counties only) to establish a BID and levy annual assessments on businesses within its boundaries. In 1994 the Property and Business Improvement District Law allowed the financing of streets, rehabilitation or removal of existing structures, and security facilities and equipment.
    (www.californiataxdata.com/pdf/BusinessImprovement.pdf)    (Econ, 4/10/10, p.77)

1989        The Fresno Municipal Sanitary Landfill, opened in 1937 as the nation’s 1st true sanitary landfill, was named a Superfund toxic site by the EPA.
    (SFC, 8/29/01, p.A3)
1989        Fresno began its self-guided Blossom Trail. Some 62 miles of roadway were marked with directional signs and crop labels for the local orchards.
    (SSFC, 2/20/05, p.F7)

1989        The Rancho Seco nuclear plant, owned by the Sacramento Municipal Utility, was closed down after a series of prolonged and expensive failures. The plant, 15 miles southeast of Sacramento, was proposed in 1999 as a nuclear waste dump site.
    (SFC, 4/17/99, p.A13)

1989        Richard Ramirez, the "Night Stalker," was convicted of 13 slayings in the LA area. His trial cost $1.8 million.
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.A13)

1989        Randy Steven Kraft, a computer consultant, was sentenced to death after he was convicted for 16 homicides in Orange County between 1972-1983. He was arrested in 1983 and linked to 45 murders. The death sentence was upheld in 2000.
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.A2)

1989        Tom Klein acquired Rodney Strong Vineyards from Guinness Corp. Klein retained Rodney Strong as a brand representative.
    (SFC, 3/7/06, p.B5)

1989        The Los Angeles Harold Express folded due to financial troubles.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A22)

1989        In Kern County Paul C. Bolin killed his assistant Vance Huffstuttler in Walker Basin for revealing a marijuana crop to campers Steve Mincy and Jim Wilson. Mincy was also killed, but Wilson survived and testified against Bolin who was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.B8)

1989-1993    Video film captured 4 killings at Corcoran State prison of convicts by prison guards. The video was edited and titled “Maximum Security University." A review board ruled that all four shootings were justified. It was alleged that inmates known as bitter enemies were faced off in exercise yards.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.D1,6)

1989-1997    In the state’s 33-facility correctional system there were 27 fatal shootings, seven of them at Corcoran Prison.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A22)

1990        Jan 18, A jury in Los Angeles acquitted former preschool operators Raymond Buckey and his mother, Peggy McMartin Buckey, of 52 child molestation charges.
    (AP, 1/18/00)

1990        Feb 7, An 811-foot tanker, the American Trader, spilled hundreds of thousands of gallons of Alaskan crude oil off the coast of Huntington Beach, Calif.
    (AP, 2/7/00)

1990        Feb 8, In California Christy Pina (14) was found dead in an artichoke field just off Highway 1 in Castroville. She had been strangled, raped and stabbed repeatedly. In 1996 advanced DNA technology identified Arsenio Pacheco Leyva as the killer, but he had gone into hiding. Leyva was later arrested in Mexico and spent over three years in jail before he was extradited to the US to face charges. On May 3, 2018, Leyva (56) was booked at the Monterey County Jail.
    (SFC, 5/8/18, p.C4)

1990        Feb 24, Johnnie Ray, fifties balladeer (Cry), died in Los Angeles of liver failure at age 63.
    (AP, 2/24/00)(MC, 2/24/02)

1990        Apr 3, Jazz singer Sarah Vaughan died in suburban Los Angeles at age 66.
    (AP, 4/3/00)

1990        Apr, Jamba Juice was founded by Kirk Perron, Joe Vergara, Kevin Peters, and Linda Ozawa Olds as a single Juice Club in San Luis Obispo, Ca.
    (SSFC, 12/12/10, p.F1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamba_Juice)

1990        May 13, Thomas Walker was shot to death at his home in Hacienda Heights, Los Angeles County. In 1991 his wife Hudie Joyce Walker was convicted of 2nd degree murder and sentenced 19 years to life in jail. In 2007 she was granted a new trial due to issues involving battered women’s syndrome.
    (SFC, 2/8/07, p.B2)

1990        May 24, Darryl Cherney and Judi Bari (11/7/49-3/2/97), environmental activists in the Earth First! movement, were injured after a pipe bomb exploded in their car as they drove through Oakland, Ca. They were arrested while in the hospital on charges of transporting a bomb but the charges were never filed. They later filed a suit against the FBI and Oakland police for false arrest, illegal search and seizure and conspiracy to violate free-speech rights. Bari died of liver cancer in 1997.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.C2)(SFC,10/21/97, p.A20)

1990        Jun, California voters passed Prop. 115 with a 57% majority vote allowing prosecutors access to public defense evidence before trial and eliminated defendant’s rights to a preliminary hearing after a grand jury.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)

1990        Jul 27, A mistrial was declared in Raymond Buckey’s retrial on charges of molesting children at the McMartin Pre-School in California.
    (AP, 7/27/00)

1990        Nov 6, About one-fifth of the Universal Studios back lot in southern California was destroyed in an arson fire.
    (AP, 11/6/00)

1990        Dec 8, Crystal Leann Anzaldi (14 months) disappeared from her home in San Diego. She turned up in 1997 in Puerto Rico in the hands of Nilza Gierbolini Guzman (35). Guzman had lived in San Diego at the time of the kidnapping.
    (SFC,11/18/97, p.A2)

1990        Dec 26, Jesse Stayner (42) in Merced County was shot to death with his own gun. He was the uncle of Cary Stayner who confessed in 1999 to the killing of 4 women in Yosemite Park.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A11)

1990        Dec 28, Maria Elena Leal (23) was last seen in Rohnert Park. Her body was found near Jenner on Jan 25, 1991. In 2002 a witness identified Leticia Robles as the person who strangled her.
    (SSFC, 3/29/02, p.A21)

1990        Mike Davis authored "City of Quartz," a savage view of the future of Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A5)
1990        Philip Marsh (66) founded the Pilot Connection in Stockton, which claimed that all income taxes were voluntary and sold packages to tell buyers how to free themselves from tax liability. Marsh was sentenced to a jail term in 1999.
    (SFC, 6/9/99, p.C12)
1990        The California Organic Food Acts was established.
    (SFC, 6/22/02, p.B1)
1990        California voters passed a term limits measure. It was struck down in 1997 because the measure did not disclose that the limits imposed a lifetime ban on veteran legislators.
    (SFC, 10/8/97, p.A1)
1990        Prop. 117 outlawed the sport hunting of mountain lions. By 1998 it was clear that the lions were threatening the existence of the Bighorn Sheep.
    (SFC, 5/18/98, p.A6)(SFC, 9/21/98, p.A1,4)
1990        The Univ. of California Board of Regents approved a compensation plan for top executives that included severance payments upon resignation.
    (SFC, 1/27/06, p.A1)
c1990        A law suit began against Montrose Chemical Corp. and 2 other companies for a 100 ton DDT deposit in the ocean off Los Angeles. A settlement was reached in 2000.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A5)
1990        Wells Fargo completed 4 acquisitions: Valley National Bank of Glendale, Central Pacific Corp. of Bakersfield, Torrey Pines Group of Solana Beach, and Citizens Holding in Orange County. An agreement was also reached to purchase 130 branches of Great American Bank.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A10)
1990        GHB, gamma hydroxy butyrate, began to be reported as a cause of illnesses. The paint thinner gamma butyl lactone was being mixed with water and alcohol that when ingested metabolized to GHB, later called "liquid ecstasy" or "blue nitro."
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A16)
1990        The census showed that Monterey Park, a Los Angeles suburb, had 57% Asians of 60,738 residents, making it the first Asian-majority city in the US.
    (SFC, 8/21/99, p.A23)
1990        A major forest fire burned the Yosemite Valley.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A13)

1990s        Jimmy Smythe escaped from the Maze prison near Belfast along with 37 other prisoners in 1983. He made his way to San Francisco where he was arrested and released on bail in 1992. Kevin Barry Artt, Terence Kirby, and Pol Brennan also escaped and made their way to California. They were arrested in the 1990s and held in a federal prison in Pleasanton, Ca. They were released on bail in 1998.
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(SFC, 10/17/98, p.A15)

1991        Feb 1, A US-Air jetliner crashed atop a commuter turboprop plane while landing at Los Angeles International Airport. 34 people were killed.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A1)(AP, 2/1/97)

1991        Mar 3, In Los Angeles police arrested ex-convict Rodney King after an 8-mile chase. King resisted arrest and the police used force to subdue him. A local resident captured part of the arrest and beating on video tape. The incident led to a police trial and acquittal that sparked a violent riot. In 1998 Lou Cannon published “Official Negligence: How Rodney King and the Riots Changed Los Angeles and the LAPD" documenting the whole affair.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 2/8/98, BR p.1)

1991        Mar 15, Four Los Angeles police were charged in the beating of Rodney King.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1991        Mar 16, A plane crash near San Diego, Ca., killed 10 people including 7 members of Reba McIntire's band.

1991        Jun 10, In South Lake Tahoe, Ca., Phillip Garrido and his wife Nancy, snatched Jaycee Lee Dugard (11) from a bus stop outside her home. In 2009 police freed Dugard and arrested the Garrido’s. During the interim Phillip Garrido fathered 2 children with Dugard keeping them in tents in a fenced backyard compound in Antioch, Ca. In 2010 California lawmakers approved a $20 million payment to Dugard and 2 her children, ages 12 and 15. On June 2, 2011, Phillip Garrido (59) was sentenced to 431 years to life in prison. Nancy (55) was sentenced 36 years to life. In 2011 Dugard authored “A Stolen Life: A Memoir." On Sep 22, 2011, Dugard sued the federal government for the lax supervision of her abductor.
    (AP, 8/28/09)(SFC, 7/2/10, p.C3)(SFC, 6/3/11, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/31/11, p.F1)(SFC, 9/23/11, p.C3)

1991        Jun 11, The half-nude body of Jessica McHenry (14) of Livermore, Ca., was found strangled and burning on Tesla Rd. In 2007 Derick Moncada (35) hanged himself at Kern Valley State Prison after being confronted with DNA evidence that linked him to her murder. Moncada was serving time for other crimes.
    (SFC, 4/28/04, p.B1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.B1)

1991        Jun 28, Two people were killed when the Sierra Madre earthquake, magnitude 5.8, shook Southern California.
    (AP, 6/28/01)(www.data.scec.org/chrono_index/sierrama.html)

1991        Jul 14, A Southern Pacific tanker car derailed near Dunsmuir and spilled 18,000 gallons of pesticides (19k gallons of metam sodium) into the Sacramento River. This killed every living thing in the river for 40 miles downstream including 250,000 trout.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.T7)(SFC, 11/13/99, p.A22)

1991        Jul 31, A volleyball court was installed at People’s Park in Berkeley at a cost of over $1 million due to the ensuing 12 days of rioting and arrests. The city established a five year lease with the Univ. to manage the 2.3 acre park.
    (SFC, 1/4/97, p.A17)(SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B3)

1991        Aug 2, In Twentynine Palms Valentine Underwood stabbed to death Amanda Scott (15) and Rosalie Ortega (20). Each victim was stabbed 33 times after they rebuffed his sexual advances. Underwood was convicted in 1997.
    (SFEC,12/21/97, p.B2)

1991        Sep 22, California’s Huntington Library said it would make microfilm copies of the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public.

1991        Sep 24, Children's author Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, died in La Jolla, Calif., at age 87.
    (AP, 9/24/97)

1991        Sep 29, California Gov. Pete Wilson vetoed a bill outlawing job discrimination against homosexuals, saying it could have led to unjustified lawsuits.
    (AP, 9/29/01)

1991        Oct 1, James W. Van Loben Sels, military engineer, was appointed by Pete Wilson to serve as the chief of Caltrans and served from this day to Jan 3, 1999.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)

1991        Oct 20, A major fire burned about 3,000 homes in the Oakland Hills and killed 25 people. 2,843 homes were destroyed causing $1.54 billion in damage.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, p.C4)(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.4)

1991        Oct 21, Former California Governor Jerry Brown announced his presidential candidacy.
    (AP, 10/21/01)

1991        Nov 4, Former President Reagan opened his library in Simi Valley, Calif., with a dedication ceremony attended by President Bush and former presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford and Richard Nixon.
    (AP, 11/4/97)

1991        Nov, In Orange County, California, Omaima Nelson (23), an Egyptian-born former model and nanny, killed her newlywed husband, William Nelson (56), and chopped and cooked his body parts over Thanksgiving weekend. She churned his parts through a garbage disposal that neighbors said ran nonstop in the hours after the murder. She was convicted and sentenced to 25 years to life in prison.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
1991        Nov, Consuela Verdugo, aged 21 months, died in Delano, Ca., eight days after reportedly hitting her head on a door under the watch of her mother's boyfriend, Vicente Benavides Figueroa. In 1993 Benavides was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death. In 2018 the state Supreme Court tossed the murder conviction following new evidence that showed no apparent signs of sexual assault or murder. Benavides (68) had spent 28 years behind bars.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yar3mg7e)(SFC, 4/17/18, p.D7)

1991        Nov 20, California Democrat Alan Cranston accepted a Senate reprimand for his dealings with former savings-and-loan chief Charles H. Keating Jr., but then denied he was guilty of many of the allegations, prompting an angry rebuttal by New Hampshire Republican Warren B. Rudman.
    (AP, 11/20/01)

1991        Nov 29, Seventeen people were killed in a 164-vehicle pileup during a dust storm on Interstate 5 near Coalinga, Calif. Over 250 vehicles were involved and over 100 were injured.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A23)(AP, 11/29/01)(MC, 11/29/01)
1991        Nov 29, Actor Ralph Bellamy died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 87.
    (AP, 11/29/01)

1991        Dec 20, Robert Bardo, the obsessed fan who had stalked actress Rebecca Schaeffer before killing her, was sentenced in Los Angeles to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 12/20/01)

1991        Dec, Amanda “Nikki" Campbell (4) was last seen alive in Fairfield.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A19)

1991        Christo created his “Umbrellas" sculpture over a southern California hillside that lasted 3 weeks.
    (SFC, 3/2/97, p.E4)
1991        John Arthur Maynard authored “Venice West, The Beat Generation in Southern California."
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A21)
1991        Jim Boggio (d.1996) and Clifton Buck-Kaufman co-founded the Cotati Accordion Festival in northern California.
1991        The Spanish-based Codorniu winery opened in Napa. In 1996 Michael Kenton became president of the winery and in 1999 he name was changed to Artesa.
    (SFEM, 10/31/99, p.12,13)
1991        The town of Windsor in northern Ca. was incorporated with the help of Joe Rodota (d.1997 at 65). As the director of the Sonoma County Regional Park system he expanded the park from 400 acres to more than 6,000 over his 25 years as director.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A18)
1991        The US government closed Norton Air Force base in California’s San Bernadino Ct., costing the region some 10,000 jobs.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.B8)
1991        Peter Camejo (1939-2008) helped found the California Green Party. He later became a perennial candidate for state and national office.
    (SSFC, 9/14/08, p.B1)
1991        Richard Graff (d.1998 at 60), Central Coast vintner of Challone wines, founded the American Institute of Food and Wine with chef Julia Child and winemaker Robert Mondavi.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.D4)
1991        Paul Biddle, a Navy contract auditor assigned to the Stanford campus, provoked a debate in Congress over what universities could properly bill the government for research costs. The controversy led to the resignation of Stanford Pres. Donald Kennedy.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.A11)
1991        Executive Life, a large California insurer, collapsed under the stewardship of Frederick Carr. He had invested premiums of policy holders in junk bonds, whose value plunged as the US economy tanked. Credit Lyonnais, a French bank, made an illegal arrangement to purchase the depressed bonds and together with French billionaire Francois Pinault reaped a $2.54 billion profit. In 2004 the French government pleaded guilty to fraud for its role.
    (WSJ, 4/16/04, p.A1)
1991        Raley’s food and general merchandise acquired 17 Bel Air stores.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.B1)
1991        The first annual California Mille, a 4-day, 1,300 mile tour of northern California was organized by Martin Swig (1934-2012), a SF Bay Area car dealer. It was opened to drivers of cars built between 1927-1957, the years that the Mille Miglia race was run in Italy.
    (SFC, 7/7/12, p.A7)(SFC, 4/28/98, p.A13)
1991        California ordered employers with over 50 employees to grant employees unpaid leaves for as much as 4 months to care for family members.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1991        Judge William Orrick (d.2003 at 87) declared a California anti-panhandling law unconstitutional, ruling that it was a form of speech.
    (SFC, 8/16/03, p.A20)
1991        Charles Ng was extradited from Canada to the US for his role with Leonard Lake in the 1984-1985 murders in Calaveras County.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A13)
1991        Pebble Beach golf course, owned by Marvin Davis, was sold to Japanese tycoon Minoru Isutani for a reported $850 million.
    (SFC, 6/18/99, p.A1,11)
1991        The 1st reintroduction of California condors back to the wild took place.
    (SFC, 3/3/00, p.A21)
1991        Latasha Harlins (15) was shot and killed by a Korean store owner in LA over a bottle of orange juice.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.A16)
1991        In Vacaville, Ca., the body of a woman was found by contractors working on the Vacaville Premium Outlets off Nut Tree Road. In 2019 police using new fingerprint technology identified her as Cynthia Bilardi (38).
    (SFC, 3/11/19, p.C1)

1991-1994    Bank of America extended full-service branches into supermarkets throughout the state.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)

1992        Jan 1, California’s new helmet law for motorcycle riders went into effect.
    (SSFC, 1/1/17, DB p.50)

1992        Jan, The Livingston bypass on Hwy. 99 was ceremoniously begun. It approached completion in 1996 with southbound lanes opened in Sep.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.C1)

1992        Feb 26, S.I. Hayakawa (85), Senator-R-CA, died of a stroke.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1992        Feb, Kimberley Pandelios (21) was lured to a photo shoot in the Angeles National Forest. Her remains were found by hikers in the San Gabriel Mountains in March, 1993. In 2006 David Rademaker (42), a registered sex offender, was convicted for her murder.
    (SFC, 2/16/06, p.B3)

1992        Apr 7, The Sacramento Bee, The New York Times and Newsday won two Pulitzer prizes each; playwright Robert Schenkkan was honored for "The Kentucky Cycle," novelist Jane Smiley for "A Thousand Acres" (1991).
    (AP, 4/7/97)

1992        Apr 9, Barbara Muszalski (49) disappeared from her Livermore goat ranch. Her slashed body was found 2 days later at the SF airport parking garage. Benjamin Pedro Gonzales, who had stayed at the ranch for odd jobs, was arrested in San Diego for the murder. He was also accused of the murder of a Los Angeles college student and a New York stripper. Gonzales was convicted of first degree murder in 1998.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A15,19)(SFC, 12/11/98, p.A26)

1992        Apr 10, Financier Charles Keating Jr. was sentenced in Los Angeles to nine years in prison for swindling investors when his Lincoln Savings and Loan collapsed. The convictions were later overturned.
    (AP, 4/9/97)

1992        Apr 21, Robert Alton Harris became the first person executed at San Quentin by the state of California in 25 years as he was put to death in the gas chamber for the 1978 murder of two San Diego teen-age boys. Harris left some art that was later put on sale at Expressions Art Gallery in Oakland.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C17)(AP, 4/21/97)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1992        Apr 22, A 6.0 Joshua Tree earthquake hit California.

1992        Apr 25, The Cape Mendocino earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale shook northern California.
    {earthquake, California, USA}
    (AP, 4/25/97)(www.johnmartin.com/earthquakes/eqshow/cap_0000.htm)

1992        Apr 29, Deadly rioting erupted in Los Angeles after a jury in Simi Valley  acquitted four Los Angeles police officers of almost all state charges in the videotaped beating of Rodney King. White truck driver Reginald Denny was beaten by a mob in south Central LA angered by the acquittal of 4 police officers caught on video tape in the beating of black motorist Rodney King. Three days of violence ensued with 55 people killed, 2,300 injured and an estimated $1 billion [$717 million] in property damages. Rioters tore through the city following the not guilty verdicts on state charges for Los Angeles Police Department Sergeant Stacey C. Koon and officer Laurence M. Powell for beating Rodney King. 1093 buildings were damaged or destroyed. Of these, 764 retail stores were owned by Koreans. The US Congress later authorized $1 billion to revitalize south central Los Angeles.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1992)(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A4)(SFC, 1/1/97, p.A16)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/4/97, p.CA1)(AP, 4/29/98)(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A3)

1992        May 1, In California Eric Houston (20) returned to Lindhurst High School, his former high school in Olivehurst, Yuba County, and killed 3 students and his former teacher Robert Brens (28) before surrendering to police. Brens had given him an F in economics 3 years earlier. Houston was later sentenced to death. In 2012 the state Supreme Court upheld his death sentence.
    (SFC, 4/3/12, p.A12)(SFC, 8/3/12, p.C3)

1992        May 4, Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton toured riot-ravaged Los Angeles streets, blaming the destruction on what he called 12 years of Republican neglect.
    (AP, 5/4/97)
1992        Jun 2, In California, Democrats Dianne Feinstein and Barbara Boxer were nominated to twin U.S. Senate seats. California became the first state to have 2 women in the US Senate.
    (AP, 6/2/97)(SFC, 12/24/99, p.A19)

1992        Jun 26, Willie L. Williams was sworn in as Los Angeles police chief, succeeding Daryl Gates.
    (AP, 6/26/97)

1992        Jun 28, The 7.3 Landers earthquake hit Southern California. One person was killed and 402 injured.
    (AP, 6/28/97)( www.data.scec.org/chrono_index/landersq.html)

1992        Jul 1, California issued its first state IOU's since the Great Depression as a budget standoff left the state cashless on the first day of its fiscal year.
    (AP, 7/1/97)

1992        Sep 14, California became the first US state to implement a formal rule about client-lawyer sexual conduct. Rule 3-120 barred lawyers from using their position of power to coerce clients into sleeping with them.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lb8n7gp)(Econ, 12/10/16, p.34)

1992        Oct 21, A report prepared for the Los Angeles police commission found that the city was unprepared to handle the rioting that broke out the previous spring, and had responded inadequately.
    (AP, 10/21/97)

1992        Oct, An explosion at the Texaco facility near Los Angeles harbor sent 16 people to the hospital and spawned 4,500 property damage claims.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A9)

1992        Nov, Joe Garcia and 5 other people were killed by Lynwood Drake III (43), an unemployed handyman, during a rampage in Morro Bay and Paso Robles. In 2002 Garcia’s daughter, Marisa Mariposa Garcia (27), killed her 3-year-old daughter in Mill Valley.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A18)

1992        The Japanese-American Museum set up home in downtown LA. $45 million dollars was raised for a new building and in 1999 the new Japanese American National Pavilion, designed by Gyo Obata, opened.
    (WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W16)
1992        Magnificat, an ensemble of voices and instruments dedicated to the performance of early Baroque music, began an annual series of concerts in SF, Berkeley and San Jose.
    (PNM, 1/25/98, p.6)
1992        The California Wellness Foundation was established to improve the health of state residents. It focused on inner-city violence as a preventable health problem.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A14)
1992        In California John Bryant founded Operation Hope in the aftermath of the LA riots to give poor people a hand in with financial education, advice and basic banking.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.73)
1992        In Los Angeles Father Greg Boyle, a Jesuit priest, founded Homeboy Industries, with the motto Nothing strops a bullet like a job." It began in 1988 as a job training program for former gang members.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeboy_Industries)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.32)
1992        Federal law outlawed the commercial fishing of Coho salmon off the Pacific coast.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A15)
1992        The federal Central Valley Project Improvement Act was designed to end litigation that had characterized California’s water policies for decades. It empowered a joint state and federal agency, CalFed, on a program of environmental restoration in the Central Valley, the delta, and SF Bay.
    (SSFC, 10/23/05, p.A17)
1992        The California legislature approved a bill paving the way for charter schools.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A4)
1992        California approved the enactment of the death penalty by lethal injection instead of the gas chamber.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1992        Arts education began receiving funds from the sale of a special license plate from the DMV designed by Wayne Thiebaud.
    (SFC, 5/13/02, p.A9)
1992        The California city of American Canyon next to Napa incorporated.
    (SFC, 9/1/99, p.A20)
1992        Univ. of California officials reported to federal authorities that 9 professors had padded their wallets with research grants through the nonprofit Western Consortium for Public Health. The case was settled in 1999 after 7 years with the Univ. paying $120,000 in financial reimbursements and an apology to the professors involved.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.2)
1992        Mark L. Nathanson, Coastal commissioner, was indicted on charges of extorting hundreds of thousands of dollars from developers and homeowners seeking state permits to build on beachfront property in Southern Calif.
    (SFC, 1/26/02, p.A1)
1992        The Monterey Bay was designated as a National Marine Sanctuary.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A8)
1992        The LA City Council ordered that trash be separated for easier recycling.
    (SFC, 6/6/98, p.A5)
1992        The Post Ranch Inn opened in Big Sur.
    (SFEM, 10/25/98, p.6)
1992        A California drought continued and irrigation waters were cut back.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A8)
1992        Arthur Leigh Allen of Vallejo, a convicted child molester and identified as the California Zodiac killer, died. In 1985 Robert Graysmith authored “Zodiac" in which he identified the killer with the pseudonym of “Robert Starr." Graysmith authored “Zodiac Unmasked" in 2002.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.M6)

1993        Jan 16, Linda Scates (40) of Walnut Creek ran down 8 cyclists on Danville Blvd. in Alamo killing one. She was found not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.A21)

1993        Jan 31, The Dallas Cowboys defeated the Buffalo Bills 52-17 in Super Bowl XXVII, played at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, Calif.
    (AP, 1/31/98)

1993        Mar 9, Rodney King testified at the federal trial of four Los Angeles police officers accused of violating his civil rights, saying he'd been "attacked" by the defendants.
    (AP, 3/9/98)

1993        Apr 2, Ellie Nesler (1952-2008) shot and killed Daniel Driver in a Jamestown, Ca., courtroom. Driver had been accused of molesting her son and three other boys. She was sentenced to 10 years in prison. She later admitted to investigators that she had taken “crank" that morning. She was freed in 1997 after serving 3 and 1/2 years in prison. The events were made into a 1999 TV movie. In 2002 she was sentenced to 6 years in prison for selling and possessing illegal drugs. In 2005 her son Willy was convicted of 1st degree murder for the stomping death in 2004 of a man on their property.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.A22)(SFC, 8/22/97, p.A1)(SFC, 6/23/99, p.B1)(SFC, 6/6/06, p.B8)(SFC, 12/30/08, p.B1)

1993        Apr 16, A jury reached guilty verdict in the Federal case against cop who beat Rodney King, but the verdict was not read until April 17th.

1993        Apr 17, A federal jury in Los Angeles convicted two former police officers of violating the civil rights of beaten motorist Rodney King; two other officers were acquitted. [see Apr 16]
    (AP, 4/17/98)

1993        May 2, Julio Gallo (b.1910), wine maker (Gallo), died in a car accident.

1993        May 3, In southern California an arson fire killed ten people in the Westlake district of Los Angeles. Police suspected gang members who had been kicked off the property. In 2017 police made arrests related to the fire.
    (SSFC, 2/5/17, p.A11)

1993        May, The symphony "Frontiers" by Fredric Myrow was premiered by the Los Angeles Philharmonic. It was commissioned by the National Endowment for the Arts.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A21)

1993        Jun 3, In California a woman’s decomposing body was found along Pacheco Pass east of Gilroy. In 1997 Keith Hunter Jesperson, in prison in Oregon for other murders, described her murder in a letter to the Santa Clara Ct. district attorney.
    (SFC, 6/15/06, p.B3)

1993        Jun 8, Los Angeles voters elected their first registered Republican mayor since 1961, choosing Richard Riordan over City Councilman Michael Woo.
    (AP, 6/8/98)

1993        Jun, In Alameda Ct., Ca., Caroline Young (49) stabbed her 2 grandchildren to death in fear of losing custody of one of them to his father. Young was sentenced to death and died of kidney failure in a Fresno hospital while on death row in 2005.
    (SFC, 9/17/05, p.B2)

1993        Aug, David Edwin Mason was executed in the gas chamber for the 1980 murder of 4 elderly Oakland residents and the strangulation of a cellmate 2 years later.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A16)

1993        Jul 15, Authorities in Los Angeles announced eight arrests in connection with an alleged plot by white supremacists to ignite a race war by bombing a black church and killing prominent black Americans.
    (AP, 7/15/98)

1993        Aug 9, Reputed "Hollywood Madam" Heidi Fleiss pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to five counts of pandering and one count of selling cocaine. (Fleiss was convicted in 1994 of three counts of pandering and acquitted of the drug charge, but the verdicts were later thrown out due to jury misconduct. She eventually pleaded guilty to attempted pandering.)
    (AP, 8/9/98)

1993        Aug 18, Tseng "Jim" Peng, electronics tycoon, returned to California from a trip to Taiwan and found his mistress, Ranbing "Jennifer" Ji, stabbed to death and his 5-month-old son suffocated. His wife Lisa Peng was found guilty in 1996 after an initial trial ended in deadlock. Lisa Peng's conviction was reversed in 1999 due to questionable police tactics.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.C5)

1993        Aug 23, Los Angeles police confirmed that pop star Michael Jackson was the subject of a criminal investigation.
    (AP, 8/23/98)

1993        Aug 24, The state executed David Mason for the murder of 4 elderly people in Oakland and a cellmate in Alameda. He left behind a full gallery of paintings including depictions of boys doing pushups over knives or standing naked and shaking hands with death. Mason was the last person executed by gas in California.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)(SFC, 3/13/00, p.A8)

1993        Aug 25, Amy Biehl, Stanford graduate and Fulbright scholar from Newport Beach, Calif., was slain while attempting to drive black friends home to Guguletu outside Cape Town. Four members of the Congress’ youth wing were arrested, convicted and sentenced to 18-year jail terms. They later requested amnesty from the Truth & Reconciliation Commission. In 1998 the 4 men convicted of Biehl’s murder were given amnesty.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 6/29/97, p.D1)(WSJ, 7/29/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/25/98)

1993        Sep 27, Retired Gen. James H. Doolittle died in Pebble Beach, Calif., at age 96.
    (AP, 9/27/98)

1993        Oct 1, In Petaluma, Ca. 12-year-old Polly Klaas was kidnapped from her bedroom while playing with two girl friends by a knife-wielding intruder; her body was found more than two months later. 60 days later Richard Allen Davis was arrested for the kidnap and murder of Polly. He was later convicted and sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 4/24/96, p.A-1)(AP, 10/1/98)

1993        Oct 18, In California 2 defendants were acquitted of most of the felony charges in the beating of trucker Reginald Denny and other motorists at the start of the 1992 Los Angeles riots; the jury did convict Damian Williams of simple mayhem, Henry Watson of simple assault.
    (AP, 10/18/98)

1993        Oct 25, Actor Vincent Price died in Los Angeles at age 82.
    (AP, 10/25/98)

1993        Oct 27, Brush fires raged across Southern California, destroying several hundred homes.
    (AP, 10/27/98)

1993        Nov 2, Fires in Southern California pushed through areas of Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino counties, burning 35,000 acres and 200 homes.
    (AP, 11/2/98)

1993        Nov 15, Dr. Tom Amberry (71), a retired podiatrist, completed 2,750 consecutive free throws inside the Rosmoor Athletic Club in Seal Beach, Ca., setting a new world record. Amberry (d.2017) stopped after twelve hours because the janitors wanted to close the gym.
    (SSFC, 3/26/17, p.C11)

1993         Nov 30, Authorities in California arrested Richard Allen Davis (b.1954), who confessed to abducting and slaying Polly Klaas (12) of Petaluma. Polly had been abducted from her home on October 1, 1993. On August 5, 1996, Davis was sentenced to death and sent to Death Row in San Quentin State Prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Allen_Davis)(AP, 11/30/98)

1993        Dec 2, Alan Winterbournem, an unemployed computer engineer, opened fire at a California unemployment agency in Oxnard, killing three workers; he killed a police officer during a chase that ended in Ventura, where he himself was gunned down.
    (AP, 12/2/03)

1993        Dec 4, Authorities found the body of 12-year-old kidnap victim Polly Klaas in a wooded area of Cloverdale, Calif.
    (AP, 12/4/04)
1993        Dec 4, Rock musician and composer Frank Zappa died in Los Angeles at age 52.
    (AP, 12/4/98)

1993        Robert Dawson, Gerald Haslam and Stephen Johnson did a photo-journalistic study of "The Great Central Valley."
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.8)
1993        Joan Reutinger (d.1999 at 83) published "Memories of Willow Camp: A Personal History of Stinson Beach."
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.C2)
1993        The last section of I-105 was completed in Los Angeles. This completed the US highway system begun in 1956.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.32)
1993        The Arrowhead Pond, a sports center for the NHL Mighty Ducks, was completed in Anaheim for $120 million.
    (SFC, 5/21/01, p.A3)
1993        Ted Hayes founded Dome Village in Los Angeles as a cooperative for 30 homeless people. In 2006 the project was dismantled and the domes were auctioned off online.
    (SFC, 9/1/06, p.B12)
1993        Alan Cranston, California US Senator, retired.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A5)
1993        The North Kern State prison was established in Delano.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A28)
1993        California’s Lancaster prison opened. It was designed for 2,200 and in 2005 housed 4,600.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.27)
1993        Ruth Clark Lert (d.1997 at 81), a modern dance historian and archivist, donated her collection to UC at Irvine where it is held as the Ruth Clark Lert Dance Library and Archive.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A20)
1993        Tom Bradley, mayor of Los Angeles, retired. He was succeeded by Richard Riordan.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A13)
1993        The California Shellfish Protection Act mandated that regional water quality control boards enact policies and set up committees to protect threatened shellfish.
    (SFC, 4/28/03, A14)
1993        The El Toro Marine Corps air base in Orange County, Ca., was closed. In 2005 Florida’s Lennar Communities paid $649.5 million for the base.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.34)
1993        The California Lottery cancelled an agreement for automation of the Scratcher game and settlement costs came to $52 million.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, Z1 p.6)
1993        Erin Brockovich brought a suit against PG&E for contamination of air and water around Hinkley in San Bernadino Ct. PG&E admitted in 1987 that chromium was released into the environment from 1951-1966. In 2000 the film "Erin Brockovich" starred Julia Roberts as Erin.
    (SFC, 3/16/00, p.A17)
1993        At Corcoran State Prison Vincent Tulumis was shot in the neck during a fight allegedly set up by officers in the Security Housing Unit. Tulumis was paralyzed for life and in 1999 received a $2.2 million settlement from the state.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.D2)
1993        The city of Gardena, Ca., borrowed $15 million to create its own insurance company. The operation proved unsuccessful and in 2004 the city was $26 million in debt.
    (SSFC, 12/12/04, p.A17)
1993        The Benziger Family sold the Glen Ellen Winery in Sonoma to concentrate on their Benziger Family Winery.
    (SFC, 5/18/00, p.A25)
1993        The Robert Mondavi Wine Co. went public to pay of debts and raise money for expansion.
    (USAT, 6/17/98, p.2D)
1993        The National Ignition Facility (NIF) was begun in Livermore, Ca. It was designed to be the 40 times as powerful as any laser ever built.
    (WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A1)
1993        A gunman enter the Pettit & Martin law firm at 101 California and shot to death 9 people. 6 were wounded.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A22)

1994        Jan 1, The California tax on gasoline was raised to 18 cents per gallon.

1994        Jan 17, A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck Southern California, killing at least 61 people and causing $20 billion worth of damage. Northridge quake hit the Los Angeles area. It killed 72 people. Insurance losses totaled $17.8 billion.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A3)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.B1)(AP, 1/17/98)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.73)

1994        Jan 28, In Los Angeles, Superior Court Judge Stanley Weisberg declared a mistrial in the case of Lyle Menendez, just over two weeks after a mistrial was declared in the case of Lyle's brother Erik; both juries deadlocked over whether the brothers were guilty of murder in the shooting deaths of their wealthy parents. They were later retried, convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 1/28/99)
1994        Jan 28, Helicopter crashed into an office building in San Jose, Calif. 1 person was killed.
    (MC, 1/28/02)

1994        Feb 10, The US Senate approved $8.6 billion in relief for victims of the Jan 17 Los Angeles earthquake. The House approved the measure the next day, and President Clinton signed it the day after that.
    (AP, 2/10/99)

1994        Feb 12, President Clinton signed an $8.6 billion relief package for victims of the Jan 17 Northridge earthquake in Southern California.
    (AP, 2/12/99)

1994        Mar 7, At San Quentin prison officer Timothy Scott shot and killed inmate Mark Adams. In 1998 a federal jury awarded the Adams family $2.3 million following a trial based on wrongful death.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A15)

1994        Mar 10, Sara Kruzan (b.1978) of Riverside, Ca., killed her alleged pimp after she was forced into prostitution. She was convicted of 1st-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sara_Kruzan)

1994        Apr 2, Preston Tate was shot and killed by guards during an allegedly staged fight at the Corcoran State Prison. Guard Richard Caruso gave the FBI some log books and other records following the killing of Tate, for which he endured harassment and forced retirement. In 1998 Tate's relatives won a $825,000 wrongful death suit and in 1999 Caruso received a $1.7 million settlement with the California Dept. of Corrections.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A26)(SFC, 6/11/99, p.A1,15)

1994        May 29, Khallid Abdul Muhammad, a former spokesman for the Nation of Islam, was shot and wounded after delivering a speech at the University of California, Riverside; a defrocked Nation of Islam minister, James Edward Bess, was charged. Bess was later convicted of attempted murder and assault and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 5/29/04)

1994        Jun 17, After leading police on a slow-speed chase on Southern California freeways, that millions of Americans watched, OJ Simpson was arrested for the murder of wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. The arrest took place after a prolonged slow-car chase where Al A.C. Cowlings drove Simpson around in a white Ford Bronco and talked him into giving up to the police. Simpson was later acquitted in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil trial.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/30/96, p.B5)(AP, 6/17/97)(HN, 6/17/98)

1994        Jul 14, In California US Navy chief petty officer David Russo (43) was killed by two hitmen hired by his wife, Susan Lee Russo, who hoped to collect life insurance money. Russo worked at the Lemoore Naval Air Station. Jason Andrews and Bobby Morris were both convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to 25 years to life. In 1996, Susan Russo was convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to life without the possibility of parole.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y944cvj4)(SFC, 6/9/18, p.A6)

1994        Jul 16, The 3 tenors, Placid Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti and Jose Carreras, performed in LA.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1994        Aug 22, A catacarb leak at the Unocal facility in Rodeo lasted 16 days. A suit by 6,000 residents settled in 1997 charged Unocal $80 million.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A10)

1994        Aug 24, California executed David Edwin Mason (36) in the gas chamber. Executions after Mason were all by lethal injection.
    (SFC, 12/13/05, p.A13)

1994        Sep 21, Prosecutors from Los Angeles and Santa Barbara counties announced that Michael Jackson would not face child molestation charges; however, the case would remain open until 1999.
    (AP, 9/21/99)

1994        Sep 29, Gunmen in Italy fired at the rental car of the Green family of Bodega Bay, Ca., and killed their young boy, Nicholas Green. The parents donated his organs and saved 7 lives in Italy. An appeals court in 1998 found 2 men guilty of the botched highway robbery. Michelle Ianello was sentenced to life in prison and Francesco Mesiano was sentenced to 20 years. In 1999 Reg Green published "The Nicholas Effect, A Boy's Gift to the World."
    (SFEC, 10/27/96, p.B8)(SFC, 6/6/98, p.A10)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.27)

1994        Sep, CHP officers were called in to assist local police in Richmond for a domestic violence call that eventually led to a 1996 indictment of an major auto-theft ring.
    (SFC, 11/23/96, p.A13)

1994        Nov 8, California voters approved Proposition 187, designed to bar illegal aliens from education, social services and non-emergency health care. Its co-author was Alan C. Nelson (d.1997) and Harold Ezell (d.1998 at 61). Nelson had served as head of the federal INS (1982-1989). Prop. 187 was later struck down by the courts. [See Nov 16, Dec 14]
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A23)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.40)
1994        Nov 8, California voters passed Prop. 184 with a 72% majority approving the “three strikes" sentencing law. A 2nd felony can be punished with a double sentence. A 3rd felony may lead to 25 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)

1994        Nov 16, A US federal judge issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting the state of California from implementing most provisions of Proposition 187, the voter-approved measure that would deny most public services to illegal aliens.
    (AP, 11/16/99)

1994        Dec 6, Orange County, Calif., filed for bankruptcy protection due to investment losses of about $2 billion. Orange County, Ca., filed bankruptcy after losing nearly $1.7 billion on risky investments [derivatives]. In 1997 a former ass’t. treasurer, Matthew Raabe, was sentenced to 3 years in prison for diverting $88.5 million in public funds to conceal investment schemes that led to the nation’s biggest municipal bankruptcy.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, Z1 p.1)(SFC, 10/4/97, p.A7)(AP, 12/6/99)

1994        Dec 14, A US federal judge granted a preliminary injunction blocking almost all of Proposition 187's bans affecting illegal immigrants in California.
    (AP, 12/14/99)

1994        Dec, The UC system passed rules forbidding academics from moonlighting off-campus on taxpayer-funded research projects.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.2)

1994        The ballet "Mango" by Fredric Myrow (e.1998 at 59) premiered at the Los Angeles John Anson Ford theater. It was choreographed by Naomi Goldberg.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A21)
1994        Congress passed the Desert Protection Bill and Joshua Tree National Monument gained an additional 234,000 acres and was granted national park status. Pres. Clinton signed the act which set aside 7 million acres of wilderness, mostly in the Mojave Desert, and added to Death Valley National Park. In 1999 Francis Millspaugh Wheat (d.2000 at 79) authored “California Desert Miracle," which chronicled the 27-year fight to preserve the Mohave Desert.
    (Sp., 5/96, p.127)(SFC, 10/17/98, p.A17)(SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 7/26/00, p.A21)
1994        US District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel ruled that death by gas in San Quentin’s death chamber was inhumane. An appeals court in 1998 gave prisoners the option of lethal injection or gas.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.A17)
1994        California prohibited smoking in enclosed workplaces.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1994        California adopted legislation that exempted churches from landmark regulations and allowed them to do what they wanted with their buildings.
    (SFC, 5/5/05, p.B1)
1994        The California Dept. of Motor Vehicles scrapped a $50 million computer system that was slower than the one being replaced.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, Z1 p.6)
1994        Univ. of California Regents voted to limit paid administrative leave for senior managers to a maximum of 3 months. In 2005 it was reported that 3 senior managers had received paid furloughs of 12-15 months.
    (SFC, 12/23/05, p.A1)
1994        The Bay Delta Accord was signed. It promised to save the SF Bay and the delta of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers through cooperation and compromise rather than litigation and political arm twisting.
    (SFC, 6/25/99, p.A1)

1994        In Los Angeles the new $14 million downtown Pershing Square was opened.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A6)
1994        The first annual Napa Valley Mustard Festival was held.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, DB p.20)
1994        Former singer Sonny Bono was elected to US Congress as a Republican from Palm Springs, where he served as mayor from 1988-1992.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A11)

1994        Rena Weeks won a $3.5 million sexual harassment suit against the world’s largest law firm, Baker & McKenzie, of Palo Alto. She had worked there for 3 months in 1991.
    (SFC, 8/27/98, p.C16)

1994        Metrolink, the regional rail system that served LA, Riverside, San Bernadino and Orange Counties, began.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W3)
1994        Dan Wheeler and a group of investors bought Lost Isle in California’s Sacramento Delta. The island had a tradition for wild parties that went back to 1948.
    (SFC, 6/11/99, p.A17)
1994        Tosco took over all the BP service stations in Northern California.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A19)

1994        In northern California a treatment plant was built near Iron Mountain by Rhone Poulenc under orders by the EPA to remove up to 80% of the copper, zinc, cadmium and acids in runoff water.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1994        Africanized honeybees, also called killer bees, were first detected in California.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A15)
1994        Mealybugs were first discovered in California vineyards and by 2007 30-40 thousand acres were infested. In 2007 experiments were begun were begun with dogs trained to sniff out female mealybugs in heat.
    (WSJ, 6/14/07, p.A1)
1994        Pike were discovered in Lake Davis (b.1964) in Plumas County, Ca. Over the next 10 years some $15 million was spent in attempts to eradicate the fish.
    (SFCM, 7/11/04, p.10)
1994        Sudden oak disease was first reported in California. The specific pathogen responsible was identified in 2000 as the fungus-like Phytophthora ramorum microbe. Experts believed that it arrived in the state via the nursery trade. By 2008 it was the world’s most quarantined plant pathogen.
    (SFC, 4/17/08, p.A1)
1994        California State Water Resources Board ordered that diversions from Mono Lake be reduced. The Los Angeles Water Dept. stopped diverting water from Mono Lake on an order from the California Water Resources Control board. The lake was down 40 feet from 1940 when diversion began.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.52)(PacDis, Summer ’97, p.39)
1994        The California-based Save the Redwoods League acquired 700 acres on Big Sur Coast, which became Limekiln State Park.

1994        Ken Cory, California jewelry designer, died.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, DB p.27)

1994        M.F.K. Fisher, food writer, died in Glen Ellen. Her books included “As They Were" (1982), “Dubious Honors" (1988), and “Long  Ago in France" (1991). Her books were reprinted by North Point Press publisher Jack Shoemaker. In 1997 Shoemaker’s new press, Counter Point, published “A Welcoming Life: The M.F.K. Fisher Scrapbook."
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D5)

1995        Jan 9, Severe flooding forced people to flee resort communities in the hills north of San Francisco.
    (AP, 1/9/00)

1995        Jan 12, In LA, Ca., Judge Ito heard defense arguments for questioning racial attitudes of Detective Mark Fuhrman in the murder trial against OJ Simpson. Fuhrman had found a bloody glove at O.J.'s estate.

1995        Feb 12, Philip "Taylor" Kramer, bass player for the Iron Butterfly, was last seen driving his van. His van and body were found in 1999 in a ravine below Decker Canyon Rd. in Malibu. Butterfly had the 1969 hit "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida."
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A20)

1995        Mar 12, President Clinton declared 39 California counties disaster areas after storms and floods battered two-thirds of the state.
    (AP, 3/12/00)

1995        Mar 27, The 67th Academy Awards, held at the Shrine Auditorium in LA, was hosted by David Letterman. "Forrest Gump" won six Academy Awards, including best picture and a second consecutive Best Actor Oscar for Tom Hanks; Jessica Lange won Best Actress for "Blue Sky."
    (AP, 3/27/00)(SFC, 3/22/02, p.D1)

1995        Apr 3, UCLA defeated Arkansas, 89-78, to win the NCAA basketball championship.
    (AP, 4/3/00)

1995        Apr 14, Mendocino Ct. deputy sheriff George Robert Davis (44) was killed while on a stakeout on a remote reservation road. Leonard "Acorn" Peters was also killed in the confrontation. In 1997 Eugene “Bear" Lincoln was found not guilty of murder charges.
    (SFC, 9/24/97, p.A15)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A7)

1995        Apr 15, Norma Patricia Esparza, a Southern California college student, pointed out Gonzalo Ramirez (25) at a bar to her boyfriend Gianni Van and two others as the man who had recently raped her. Ramirez was then kidnapped and hacked to death. In 2014 Esparza pleaded guilty in exchange for a prison term. In 2015 Van was sentenced to life in prison without parole. In 2016 Esparza was sentenced to 6 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l9v2chg)(SFC, 7/16/16, p.A7)

1995        Apr 24, California Forestry Assoc. Pres. Gilbert P. Murray, 47, was killed by a mail bomb at his headquarters in Sacramento. The bomb was attributed to the Unabomber. Gilbert B. Murray, chief lobbyist for the wood products industry, was killed by a package bomb linked to the Unabomber. Theodore Kaczynski was later sentenced to four lifetimes in prison for a series of bombings that killed three men and injured 29 others.
    (WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A-2)(AP, 4/24/05)

1995        Apr 27, Former Orange County, Calif., Treasurer Robert Citron pleaded guilty to six counts of defrauding investors in the county investment pool.
    (AP, 4/27/00)

1995        May 12, Jennifer Atkinson (21), waitress and student at Las Positas College, was found murdered in her apartment in Livermore.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A18)

1995        May 16, Some $10 million worth of computer microprocessors were stolen from Centon, a chip firm in Irvine, Ca. The massive “Bytes Dust" task force investigation resulted in the 2000 racketeering trial of the 4 men who masterminded the heist. Mady Chan, Hoang Ai Le, John That Luong and Hui Chi Luong were found guilty. 15 more defendants of “The Company" awaited trial. In 2001 John That Luong was sentenced to 88 years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/1/00, p.A26)(SFC, 6/23/00, p.A14)(SFC, 8/14/01, p.C4)

1995        May 31, A police raid in the Santa Cruz Mountains found 949 marijuana plants near the Santa Cruz and Santa Clara county lines. In 1999 a federal jury convicted Yoshio Muranaka (52) and Robert Warren Johnson (58) for conspiracy, manufacture and distribution of the drug.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A26)

1995        Jul, In Chula Vista Ivan Gonzales (35) killed his 4-year-old niece by submersion in scalding water. His wife Veronica denied harming the child.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A15)

1995        Aug [28] 30, The body of Lance Estes (33), a SF drug dealer, was found stuffed in a sleeping bag in an Oceanside dumpster. He was facing an indictment for running a multimillion-dollar cocaine and methamphetamine ring. In 2000 Walder Pierre Rausini, who suspected that Estes had betrayed him, pleaded guilty to 2 counts of soliciting murder.
    (SFC, 2/16/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/28/00, p.A22)

1995        cAug, Doris Allen (d.1999 at 63), a Republican from Orange County, was elected the 1st female speaker of the 80-member California Assembly with the help of 39 Democratic votes delivered by Speaker Willie Brown. She served for 4 months and was removed from office in Nov following a recall campaign.
    (SFC, 9/23/99, p.A24)

1995        Sep 1, The 716-acre Limekiln State Park on the California Big Sur coast opened.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T3)

1995        Sep 6, Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman invoked his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination as he was called back to the witness stand at the O.J. Simpson trial.
    (AP, 9/6/00)

1995        Oct 3, The jury in the O.J. Simpson murder trial found the former football star innocent of the 1994 slayings of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman. Simpson was later found liable in a civil proceeding. The verdict, reached Oct 2, was announced Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)
1995        Oct 3-1995 Oct 16, A fire at Point Reyes National Seashore burned over 12,000 acres, destroyed 45 homes and cost $6.2 million to suppress.
    (SSFC, 10/2/05, p.A1)

1995        Oct 17, The gasoline additive MTBE showed up in a second drinking water well in Santa Monica. The city was later forced to shut down half of its water well supply due to MTBE.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A10)

1995        Oct 26, In California Deborah Sammons (40) was raped and murdered by Robert Bacon. He had been hired to murder Deborah by her husband Charles Sammons, who later pleaded guilty to non-capital murder and was sentenced to 25 years in prison. In 2010 the California state Supreme Court upheld the death penalty for Bacon.
    (SFC, 10/22/10, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/23r33e5)

1995        Oct 27, In Santa Cruz Kenneth Donney (48) killed his wife, Nina Liebman Donney (38), with 29 stabs and slashes. Nina had just recently published her book "Living Room Lectures, The Fifties Family in Film & Television."
    (SFEM, 1/9/00, p.8)

1995        Nov 23, Free-lance photographer Charles Rathbun was booked in Hermosa Beach, Calif., for investigation of murder in the disappearance of model Linda Sobek. Rathbun was later convicted of Sobek's murder.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

1995         Dec 5, Stanley Keith Runcorn (73), a professor in geophysics, was killed by Paul Bradford Cain (26), a kickboxer, at the Hotel San Diego. Cain was convicted in 1997 of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A20)

1995        Dec 25, Singer Dean Martin died at his Beverly Hills home at age 78.
    (AP, 12/25/97)

1995        The Los Angeles Rams and Raiders left LA for St. Louis and Oakland. In 2016 the St Louis Rams were allowed to return to Los Angeles.
    (Econ, 1/16/16, p.35)
1995        The UC Monterey Bay Campus at the former Fort Ord Army base opened.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A10)
1995        The California Historical Society under Mike McCone (1934-2017) moved to a new home at 678 Mission, SF, the former Hundley Hardware store, which had moved to Bryant St. Its collection had over 500,000 photos, 150,000 manuscripts, some 4,000 maps, posters and broadsides, 2,500 serials and periodicals and piles of ephemera.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, DB p.56)(SFC, 5/16/17, p.C4)
1995        A Calif. Dept. of Justice report cited the Wah Ching as the largest criminal group in the Los Angeles area with over 1,800 members.
    (SFC, 4/27/98, p.A20)
1995        A California state law allowed police to seize cars for up to 30 days if the driver has a suspended license or no license at all. In 2007 a state appeals court ruled the law to be constitutional.
    (SFC, 1/12/07, p.B2)
1995        A California state law made an independent, non-profit foundation responsible for the operations of the new state museum in Sacramento to open in 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/11/97, p.CA3)
1995        California's Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act forbade rent caps on any units built after February 1995. It allowed landlords to raise rents on rent-controlled properties to whatever they choose once a tenant moves out.
    (SSFC, 6/17/18, p.A10)
1995        California handed over the Kern Water Bank to the Kern County Water Agency in exchange for water rights to 45,000 acre-feet. The system had been developed as a key surplus reservoir by the state in the late 1980s at a cost of some $75 million. In 2010 a group filed suit to return the water bank to the state.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.C2)
1995        In California Borey Ai (14), robbed a convenience store in Stockton and killed a Manijeh Eshahgoff (52). He was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison and was released in November, 2016. Federal immigration agents then detained Ai for 18 months, but freed him after Cambodia refused to accept him.
    (SFC, 10/26/18, p.A14)
1995        Robert Silveria, was arrested in Auburn by a railroad police officer. He was suspected of being the “Boxcar Killer" responsible for murders in California and 6 other states. In 1998 he pleaded guilty to the 1995 first-degree murder of Charles Randall Boyd at a Kansas state park and was sentenced in Kansas to life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A6)
1995        Michael Wood of Orinda, Ca., founded Leapfrog Enterprises. In 1997 it came under the wing of Knowledge Universe.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.E1)
1995        Fire on Inverness Ridge in Marin Ct. destroyed 20 homes and burned 13,000 acres.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.T3)

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