Timeline of California (D) 1962-1983

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1962        Jan 13, Ernie Kovacs (b.1919), comedian and TV star, died at age 42 in a car crash in west Los Angeles. ''Nothing in moderation'' was his credo and appeared on his epitaph.
    (www.nytimes.com/1990/05/13/books/nothing-in-moderation.html?scp=4) (AP, 1/13/98)

1962        Mar 5, California Lt. Gov. Glenn Anderson said Alcatraz should be abandoned as a prison site and the island turned into a “place of culture and recreation."
    (SSFC, 3/4/12, DBp.42)

1962        Mar 31, Cesar Chavez (d.1993) founded the United Farm Workers Union on his birthday.
    (SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)

1962        Jun 11, Frank Lee Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin escaped from Alcatraz and disappeared into the SF Bay. Their fate was never resolved. The 1979 film "Escape From Alcatraz" with Clint Eastwood was based on this event.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)(SFC, 12/1/98, pA3)

1962         Aug 5, Actress Marilyn Monroe, 36, was found dead in her Los Angeles home. Her death was ruled a "probable suicide" from an overdose of sleeping pills.
    (AP, 8/5/97)

1962        Aug 18, Pres. J.F. Kennedy led the official groundbreaking ceremonies for the San Luis Joint-Use Complex, Ca. In 1961 the state and feds had agreed to the project which required the B.F. Sisk San Luis Dam for storage of flows pumped from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. The Sisk Dam was named after Congressman B.F. Sisk of Fresno.
    (CDWR, brochure)

1962        Sep 13, Pres. John F. Kennedy signed a bill into law creating the Point Reyes National Seashore. Boyd Stewart, a Marin, Ca., cattleman, helped create the Point Reyes National Seashore on 70,000 acres of grassland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Point_Reyes_National_Seashore)(SFC, 1/1/05, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A2)               

1962        Nov 6, Edmund G. "Pat" Brown was re-elected as democratic governor over Richard Nixon by some 300,000 votes.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, C2)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.18)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A1)

1962        Dec, The Surfaris, formed near LA in September, recorded "Surfer Joe" and the flip side hit "Wipeout." Band members were Jim Fuller (15) lead guitar, Ron Wilson (18) drummer, Robert Berryhill (15) rhythm guitar, Pat Conolly (15) bass. Saxophonist Jim Pash (13) was not there.
    (WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)

1962        Roger Daniels authored “The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion."
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.C1)
1962        Harold Gilliam authored “Island In Time: The Point Reyes Peninsula." A copy was sent to every member of Congress as a bill to create the Point Reyes National Seashore was being considered.
    (SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A2)
1962        Herbert Palmer, a Los Angeles art dealer, began compiling an art reference library. It spanned all areas of art collecting and featured monographs on 20th-century artists.
    (HT, 5/97, p.58)
1962        The Marin Civic Center in San Rafael, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and Aaron Green (d.2001 at 84), was completed.
    (SFEM,10/19/97, p.22)(SSFC, 6/10/01, p.A27)
1962        In Palm Springs a modernist showplace called the "House of Tomorrow" was built. The residence at Ladera Circle was later renamed the Elvis Honeymoon Home in memory of Elvis and Priscilla, who stayed there after marrying in 1967.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.T11)
1962        The Philadelphia Warriors basketball franchise with star Wilt Chamberlain moved to the Bay Area.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.D4)
1962        Crown Point Press began operating from a basement art-print shop in Richmond, Ca. It introduced a whole generation of artists to the art of etching. "Ink, Paper, Metal, Wood: Painters and Sculptors at Crown Point Press" by Kathan Brown was published in 1996.
    (SFEM, 9/22/96, p.36)(SFC, 1/21/96, p.B4)
1962        Augustus F. Hawkins (1907-2007) of south Los Angeles became the first black person from California to be elected to the US Congress.
    (SFC, 11/13/07, p.D9)
1962        Fort Ross was named a National Historical Landmark.
    (SFC, 6/15/01, WBb p.7)
1962        Glen Bell Jr. (d.2010 at 86) founded the Taco Bell fast food chain in Downey, Ca. He had launched Bell’s Drive-In in 1948 in San Bernadino and later helped establish Taco Tias in Los Angeles, El Tacos in the Long Beach area and the Der Wienerschnitzel hot dog chain. In 1978 he sold his 868 Taco Bell restaurants to PepsiCo for $125 million in stock.
    (SFC, 1/19/10, p.C4)
1962        The Stauffer Chemical Co. began buying the Iron Mountain mine in northern California. Stauffer’s was later bought by the French firm Rhone Poulenc.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1962        The Los Angeles Examiner merged with the afternoon Herald Express to form the Herald-Express.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A22)
1962        Alan Watts held a seminar at Esalen, then called Big Sur Hot Springs.
    (SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A17)

1962-1967    Lawrence Halprin served as the master designer for the Sea Ranch development at the Rancho del Mar sheep ranch on the Northern California coast. His proposal for the FDR Monument in Washington was accepted in 1974. Sea Ranch was completed in 1998 with 1,600 homes on 4,000 acres. In 2004 Donlyn Lyndon and Jim Alinder authored “The Sea Ranch." Developer and architect Alfred Boeke (1923-2011) hired Halprin for the project.
    (SFEM, 8/10/97, p.31)(SSFC, 5/23/04, p.M6)(SFC, 11/18/11, p.C5)

1962-1978    Zubin Mehta served as music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.D1)

1963        Jan 11, The 1st discotheque opened, Whiskey-a-go-go in LA.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1963        Mar 6, Jimmy Lee Smith and Gregory Powell (d.2012 at 79) abducted 2 Los Angeles police officers from a Hollywood street, drove them to an onion field in Bakersfield and shot officer Ian Campbell to death. Officer Karl Hettinger managed to escape. Smith served 19 years for his role in the case before he was paroled. In 1973 Joseph Wambaugh authored “The Onion Field," a novel based on the murder. The novel was turned into a film in 1979.
    (SFC, 6/28/05, p.B8)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A4)

1963        Mar 31, LA ended streetcar service after 90 years.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1963        Jul, Gov. Pat Brown appointed Joseph Kennedy to the SF Municipal Court bench. He was the city’s 2nd African American to be appointed judge.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.18)

1963        Sep 20, California’s legislature passed the Rumford Fair Housing Act, the state’s first law prohibiting racial discrimination in housing. It was authored by Assemblyman Byron Rumford (d.1986) of Oakland. The Proposition 14 referendum on November 3, 1964, saw a 2-to-1 vote in favor of repeal of the Rumford Act. It was restored in 1966 when the California Supreme Court ruled that Proposition 14 was illegal.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oe2tz73)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.20)(SFC, 7/27/15, p.E2)

1963        Nov 5, Tatum O'Neal, Mrs. John McEnroe, (Paper Moon, Little Darlings), was born in LA, Cal.
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1963        Nov 15, Roger Mealman, Clifford Toycen Jr., and Robert Burns Jr. robbed a bank in Sacramento of $45,000 and headed east. They shot and killed HP officer Glenn Carlson along Highway 40. All 3 were soon arrested and sentenced to life in prison. The Highway 267 bypass was later named after CHP officer Carlson.
    (SFC, 4/27/01, p.A1,10)(SFC, 11/16/13, p.C4)

1963        Dec 14, The Baldwin Hills dam in Los Angeles, Ca., broke. The released water destroyed 65 homes and left 5 people dead.

1963        Sonny Bono, songwriter, met Cherilyn (Cher) Sarkasian La Piere, singer, at a Hollywood coffee shop. The pair went on to record "I Got You Babe," The Beat Goes On," and "All I Ever Need Is You."
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A11)

1963        Roy Nichols (d.2001 at 68) joined Merle Haggard’s band the Strangers. He helped create the Bakersfield sound.
    (SFC, 7/5/01, p.D2)

1963        Lou Harrison and others founded the Cabrillo Music Festival in Santa Cruz.
    (WSJ, 9/4/01, p.A19)

1963        Harriet Schaffer (d.1998 at 65), a pioneer in early childhood education, began her career at the Tic Toc Nursery School in Richmond. Under her leadership Tic Toc became a pilot school for the newly created federal Head Start program.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.C2)

1963        Pitzer College for women opened. It was part of the Claremont College group, was founded by John Atherton (d.2001 at 85) and named after principal donors Russel K. Pitzer and his wife. Male student were added in 1970.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.A20)

1963        Mildred and Ray Connett (d.1997) opened the 90-acre Glen Eden Sun Club, a nudist resort.
    (SFEC, 4/21/97, p.A20)

1963        The first Renaissance Pleasure Faire was held in southern California. In 1967 it expanded to the SF Bay Area. By 2008 some 150 such events were held across the US.
    (SFC, 7/22/98, p.D1)(Econ, 12/6/08, p.44)

1963        Frank Gordon Goble (d.2000 at 83), an aerospace equipment engineer, retired as president of D.B. Milliken Co. and founded the nonprofit Thomas Jefferson Research Center in Pasadena to develop educational programs to build character.
    (SFC, 2/26/00, p.A19)

1963        Angel Island on the SF Bay was declared a state park.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W37)

1963        Phillip Burton engineered the election of Congressman John F. Shelley as mayor of SF. This opened the seat for Burton.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.20)

1963        Amtrak began offering its weekend Fun Train service from the SF Bay Area to Reno.
    (SSFC, 1/22/06, p.E5)

1963        The Humboldt Bay nuclear power plant began generating power for consumers in Northern California. It was shut down in 1976.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.C4)(SFC, 7/17/04, p.B2)

1963        In California the 400-foot high Cold Spring Canyon Bridge was built on Highway 154 to carry travelers from San Marcos Pass into the Santa Ynez Valley. By 2009 at least 48 deaths from suicide off the bridge were recorded.
    (SFC, 7/24/09, p.D7)

1963        Pioneer graves in Shasta county were moved from what would become Whiskeytown Lake to an area above Redding that became the quirky Whiskeytown cemetery.
    (SFC, 5/26/00, p.A19)

1963        Martin Ramirez (b.1895), institutionalized Mexican-born artist, died in DeWitt State Hospital in Auburn, Ca.
    (SFC, 7/14/07, p.E10)

1963-64    The Trinity River was dammed to supply the California Central Valley Project’s network of reservoirs. This caused an 85% drop in the population of Chinook salmon. In 2000 the Hoopa Valley Indian Tribe devised a plan to reduce diverted water to 50%. In 2004 A federal appeals court gave the go-ahead for the plan.
    (WSJ, 11/18/98, p.CA3)(SFC, 7/14/04, p.B3)

1964        Jan, A huge storm hit the state.
    (SFC, 1/10/96, p.A21)

1964        Feb, A special election put Phillip Burton into Congress.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.25)

1964        Mar 28, Much of Crescent City, Ca., was demolished early today by a tsunami generated from the 8.6 earthquake that hit Valdez, Alaska. 11 people were killed.
    (AP, 3/11/11)(SSFC, 3/23/14, DB p.42)

1964        May 7, A disturbed man entered the cockpit of a Pacific Airlines flight and killed pilot Ernie Clark (52). All 44 people aboard the Fairchild F-27A died as the plane crashed in San Ramon, Ca.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Air_Lines_Flight_773)(SFC, 10/9/09, p.D12)

1964        Sep 1, Justice Stanley Mosk was appointed to the State Supreme Court by Gov. Brown.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A9)

1964        Sep, In northern California the Hanley Fire destroyed more than 100 homes and burned 52,000 acres as it flamed through the dry vegetation of Mark West Canyon and into the outer edges of Santa Rosa.
    (SFC, 10/27/17, p.A1)

1964        Dec 3, California Gov. Edmund Brown sent police from throughout the East Bay to arrest protesters at UC Berkeley and clear Sproul Hall. Police arrested 824 students one day after the students stormed the administration building and staged a massive sit-in as part of the Free Speech Movement. It was the largest mass arrest in US history.
    (AP, 12/3/98)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M5)(SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)

1964        Dec 4, Some 10,000 people attended a protest rally at Sproul Hall, UC Berkeley, and speakers included Willie Brown and John Burton.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)

1964        Dec 25, A flood wiped out the town of Klamath in northern California as the Eel River overflowed its banks. The Douglas Memorial Bridge across the Klamath River was made useless. Flooding on the Ell, Klamath and other rivers left 19 people dead.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.T5)(SSFC, 1/25/15, p.D6)

1964        Dec, Pres. Johnson summoned UC Pres. Clark Kerr and said he wanted to name Kerr as Sec. of Health, Education and Welfare. The FBI came back with a slanted 12-page report that including unsubstantiated damaging allegations.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)

1964        The Los Angeles County Music Center was dedicated. Dorothy Chandler (1901-1997), wife of Norman Chandler -3rd publisher of the Los Angeles Times, had led the fund-raising. In 1971 she became the first woman to receive the Herbert Hoover Medal for Distinguished Service awarded by the Stanford Univ. Alumni Assoc. In 1985 she was one of 11 of the first recipients of the new National Medal of Arts called for by Pres. Reagan.
    (SFC, 7/7/97, p.A16)
1964        Sea World opened in San Diego. Milton C. Shedd (d.2002), Ken Norris, David DeMott and George Millay, fraternity brothers, developed the project with an initial $1.5 million investment. Its history is described in the 1997 book: "Spectacular Nature: Corporate Culture and the Sea World Experience" by Susan G. Davis.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.E5)(SFC, 5/28/02, p.A18)
1964        The Boreal Ridge ski resort opened in the Lake Tahoe area of California.
    (SFC, 7/7/17, p.D7)
1964        John F. Kennedy Univ. was founded with its main campus in Orinda.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W21)
1964        California Gov. Pat Brown appointed his brother Harold C. Brown (d.1998 at 90) to the Municipal court Bench of SF. Justice Brown and Pat Brown formed the SF Chapter of the Order of Cincinnatus, which had as its credo that elected officials should promise no favors and that supporters would seek no favors.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.E3)
1964        John G. Schmitz (d.2001) became the 1st member of the John Birch Society to be elected to the state senate. He later authored "Stranger in the Arena: The anatomy of an Amoral Decade 1964-1974."
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.D5)
1964        Willie Brown began his political career when he won his bid for the 18th Assembly District (centered in the Fillmore district of San Francisco). His 1962 attempt was unsuccessful. His campaign workers included George Moscone and Diane Feinstein.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.6)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.12)
1964        The Bureau of Reclamation built a $3.2 million debris dam to catch and hold toxics near Iron Mountain.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1964        Fresno, Ca., set up a pedestrian mall as part of an experiment in urban planning. The mall failed as shoppers drove to malls and franchise stores.
    (SFC, 9/1/99, p.A1)
1964        The San Luis Obispo County board of Supervisors purchased the Rios-Caledonia Adobe for restoration as a museum and information center. It opened in 1978.
    (SB, 3/28/02)
1964        In California the prison gang Aryan Brotherhood was founded at San Quentin State Prison. Members held the credo “kill or be killed." In 2006 the US Justice Dept. hoped to destroy the organization through capital prosecutions. On July 28, 2006, 4 leaders were convicted for using murder and intimidation to protect their drug-dealing operations behind bars.
    (SFC, 3/14/06, p.A1)(SFC, 7/29/06, p.A3)
1964        California decided to dam Big Grizzly Creek in Plumas County which in 1966 created Lake Davis. It was then stocked with trout. In 1994 Pike were discovered in Lake Davis. Over the next 10 years some $15 million was spent in attempts to eradicate the fish.
    (SFCM, 7/11/04, p.10)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.A13)
1964        Francis Harvey Cutting (b.1872), California artist, died.
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.J5)

1964-1970    The Buttes Gas & Oil Co. ran a mercury mine on the Gambonini Ranch northeast of Tomales Bay. In 1998 high levels of mercury were discovered moving down Walker Creek into Tomales Bay.
    (SFEC, 1/9/00, p.C10)

1965        Feb 23, Stan Laurel, the "skinny" half of the Laurel and Hardy comedy team, died in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 2/23/99)

1965        Feb 26, Spoony Singh Sundher (1922-2006), Indian-born entrepreneur, opened his Hollywood Wax Museum on Hollywood Blvd. close to Grauman’s Chinese Theatre. He charged $1.50 admittance.

1965        Apr 2, Rodney King, black motorist brutally beaten by LA cops, was born in Sacramento, Calif.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1965        May 25, Mark Knight, rock guitarist (Bang Tango-Dancin' on Coals), was born in California.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1965        Jun 18, The state Senate’s Burns committee issued a report blaming the 1964 fall campus protests on lax policies of UC Pres. Kerr.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)

1965        Aug 1, Sabato "Simon" Rodia, creator of the Watts Towers, died in Northern California.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A24)

1965        Aug 11, Rioting and looting broke out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles. A small clash between the California Highway Patrol and two black youths sets off six days of rioting in the Watts area of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 8/11/97)(SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.4)(HN, 8/11/00)(MC, 8/11/02)

1965        Aug 16, The Watts riots ended in south-central LA after six days with the help of 20,000 National Guardsmen; the riots left 34 dead, 857 injured, over 2,200 arrested, and property valued at $200 million destroyed. The riots started when police on August 11th brutally beat a black motorist suspected of drunken driving in Watts area of LA.
    (HN, 8/16/00)(MC, 8/16/02)

1965        Sep 3, Preparing a move to Anaheim, the LA Angels baseball team change their name to California Angels.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1965        Sep 8, An AFL-CIO affiliated Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC), a union of mostly Filipino workers, voted to go on strike in Delano, Ca. Larry Itliong (1913-1977) led the strike. They were joined after eleven days by Cesar Chavez and the National Farm Workers Assoc. In 1967 John Gregory Dunne (1932-2003) authored "Delano," an account of the California grape strike.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Itliong)(SFEC, 10/19/97, p.C3)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)

1965        Oct 10, Ronald Reagan spoke at Coalinga Junior College and called for an official declaration of war in Vietnam.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)

1965        Dec 25, Entertainer Chris Noel gave her first performance for the USO at two hospitals in California.
    (HN, 12/25/98)

1965        Dec 31, California became the largest state in population.
    (HN, 12/31/98)

1965        Raymond Dasmann (d.2002 at 83) authored "The Destruction of California." He later authored "Wildlife Biology" (1981) and "Environmental Conservation" (1984). In 2002 he authored "’The Autobiography of a Conservationist."
    (SFC, 11/7/02, p.A26)
1965        The 37th Academy Awards were held at the Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica. Julie Andrews won an Oscar for her performance in "Mary Poppins."
    (SFC, 3/18/02, p.D1)
1965        John Fogarty and his band, the Golliwogs, had a hit with the song "Brown-Eyed Girl. Under direction from Saul Zaentz of Fantasy Records they soon changed their name to Creedence Clearwater Revival.
    (SFEM, 3/23/97,  p.28)
1965        Albert Frey, Swiss-born architect, designed a gas station in Palm Springs with a "butterfly" roof.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.T10)
1965        Jim Jones and his wife Marceline brought his nascent Peoples Temple to California. The family and about 70 followers set up in the Redwood Valley near Ukiah. The group later moved to San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A18)
1965        Ron Karenga founded US, a black power movement in Southern California shortly after the Watts riots. In 2003 Scot Brown authored "Fighting for US: Maulana Karenga, the US Organization and Black Cultural Nationalism."
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.M6)
1965        The town of Valencia in Los Angeles County was established. Philanthropist Peter McBean (d.1997 at 86) helped to prepare its master plan.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A20)
1965        Prof. Kenneth Norris (1924-1998) helped create the UC Natural Reserve System (NRS). In 1998 the system encompassed 120,000 acres of protected habitat across California.
    (SFC, 8/31/98, p.A22)
1965        California State Assemblyman John Williamson (d.1998 at 85) authored the California Land Conservation Act that offered tax breaks to farmers who agreed not to sell their property for at least 10 years. In 1998 the Williamson Act was amended to increase the farm preservation contracts from 10 to 30 years.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.C3)
1965        Serpentine was named the state rock of California.
    (CW, Fall ‘03, p.42)
1965        The SF Bay Conservation and Development Commission was established by the state legislature. It regulated development in a 100-foot wide band around the SF Bay shoreline.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A29)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1965        Yuba City gained extensive water rights based on claims that Marysville would grow as fast as San Jose. The growth did not materialize and large revenues from the water rights were used to subsidize county operations.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A13)
1965        The Univ of California Santa Cruz campus began operating. It featured written evaluations instead of grades.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.A1)
1965        Bowles Farming Co. was founded in Los Banos by George Bowles (1929-2005) and siblings Henry Miller Bowles and Amy Bowles Lawrence. They were the great-grandchildren of land baron and cattle king Henry Miller.
    (SSFC, 6/12/05, p.A21)

1965-1970    Cheryl Scott killed 4 of her children, aged 11 days to 14 months, during this period. 3 died in southern California and the 4th in Mendocino County. In 2006 Cheryl Athene Miller was charged in Ukiah, Ca., with the murders after her brother revealed the secret they had kept for decades. In 2007 Miller was released for lack of evidence.
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.B1)(SFC, 6/23/07, p.B6)

1966        Jan 4, Ronald Reagan announced his candidacy for California Governor.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Jan 9, Ronald Reagan appeared on Meet the Press and was asked why he had not disavowed the John Birch Society. Reagan said a committee had found looked into the group and "nothing of a subversive nature." In 1960 an informer reported to the FBI that Reagan was a Beverly Hills chapter member.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Mar 23, Charles Garrigus (d.2000 at 86), a former Assemblyman (1958-1966), was named poet laureate of California. He served for 34 years.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A19)

1966        Apr 12, Jan Berry of the "Jan and Dean" duo was involved in a car crash that left him in a month-long coma. Their hit songs from 1960-1966 included: "Little Old lady from Pasadena," "Deadman’s Curve," and "Surf City."
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.63)

1966        May 12, Ronald Reagan told a crowd at the Cow Palace that a 153-page report by the Burns committee accused UC Pres. Kerr of fostering an atmosphere that turned the university into a haven for protesters and sex deviants.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Jun 7, Ronald Reagan defeated SF Mayor George Christopher in the GOP primary.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Aug 20, Ronald Reagan announced a plan for a new anti-crime academy to be located in Berkeley.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Oct 30, The Zodiac killer murdered a female college student in Riverside. In 1985 Robert Graysmith authored "Zodiac" in which he identified the killer with the pseudonym of "Robert Starr," and later identified him as Arthur Leigh Allen (d.1992), a convicted child molester from Vallejo. Graysmith authored "Zodiac Unmasked" in 2002. In 2009 Deborah Perez (47) asserted that her father, Santa Ana resident Guy Ward Hendrickson (d.1983), was the Zodiac killer and that she had accompanied him on some of the killings.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.M6)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A9)

1966        Nov 8, Ronald Reagan defeated Pat Brown by over a million votes to become governor of California. Reagan had defeated former SF Mayor George Christopher in the primary.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(SFC, 9/15/00, p.A19)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Dec 15, Walt Disney (b.1901), movie producer, actor and director, died in Los Angeles. In 1998 a CD-ROM was produced titled: “Walt Disney: An Intimate History of the Man and His magic." In 2006 Neal Gabler authored “Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination."
    (AP, 12/15/97)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.E1)(WSJ, 11/3/06, p.W6)

1966        Dec 18, Gov. Reagan filled out a personal Security Questionnaire for a comprehensive FBI background check. Reagan falsely answered 2 questions, but the FBI cleared his application.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)

1966        The domed Fresno County Courthouse was toppled to make room for a new highrise structure.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A15)

1966        In Los Angeles the 19-story Century Plaza Hotel, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, was completed. In 2009 the National Trust for Historic Preservation placed it on its list of most endangered historic places.
    (SFC, 4/29/09, p.B4)

1966        Ensemble International, a folk dance group, was founded by Jules DiCicco with Marion and Ned Gault as directors and teachers in Sunnyvale, Ca.
    (Group flyer, 1996)

1966        Brian Lee Schubert (1940-2006) and a friend became the first people to parachute from El Capitan in Yosemite National Park. Schubert was killed in 2006 when his chute opened late at a jump festival in Fayetteville, West Virginia.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.A5)

1966        Gov. Brown appointed Justice Raymond Sullivan (d.1999 at age 92) to the state Supreme Court. Sullivan retired in 1977.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.B7)

1966        Sacramento Congressman John E. Moss (1915-1997) fathered the 1966 Federal Freedom of Information Act. He served in Congress from 1952-1979.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.A22)

1966        Ralph Dills (d.2002 at 92) was elected as state senator and served until 1998, when he was forced out by term limits.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A25)

1966        The Sacramento McGeorge School of Law merged with the Univ. of the Pacific in Stockton.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A22)

1966        Journalism professor Lyle M. Nelson (d.1997 at 79) of Stanford created the John S. Knight fellowship program for journalists with help from the Ford Foundation. The program championed ethics in journalism.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.C4)

1966        Robert Mondavi and his son Michael split with relatives running the Charles Krug Winery and started the Robert Mondavi Winery in Oakville, the first new winery in California since Prohibition.
    (USAT, 6/17/98, p.2D)(SSFC, 4/29/01, p.E7)

1966        Lake Davis was created in Plumas County, Ca., following the completion of a reservoir dam.
    (SFC, 9/26/07, p.A13)

1966        Charles W. Goethe (b.1875), 1st chairman of the Sacramento campus of the Univ. of California, died. The wealthy conservationist and university benefactor was also an advocate of eugenics, border controls, mandatory sterilization of immigrants and “Nordic purity."
    (SFC, 10/24/05, p.A8)(www.csus.edu/cshpe/events/cmg_life_vision.html)

1967        Jan 5, Ronald Reagan was sworn in as Gov. of California.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)

1967        Jan 15, The first Super Bowl was played as the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League defeated the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League, 35-10 in Los Angeles. The matchup was officially called the AFL-NFL World Championship Game.
    (WSJ, 1/28/97, p.A16)(AP, 1/15/98)

1967        Jan 16, Gov. Reagan met with FBI agents at his governor’s mansion in Sacramento for information on UC campus radicals.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F1)

1967        Jan 17, Evelyn Nesbit (b.1884), American artists' model and chorus girl, died in Santa Monica, Ca. She is noted for her entanglement in the 1906 murder of her ex-lover, architect Stanford White, by her first husband, Harry Kendall Thaw.

1967        Jan 20, Clark Kerr, president of the UC system, was fired by Gov. Reagan and the UC Regents for being too soft on student protesters at Berkeley. In 2003 Kerr authored vol. 2 of his memoir: "The Gold and the Blue: A Personal Memoir of the Univ. of California.
    (SSFC, 2/17/02, p.M6)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1967        Apr 12, Water was 1st pumped into the San Luis Reservoir, near Los Banos, Ca. It was filled for the 1st time on May 31, 1969.
    (CDWR, brochure)

1967        May 2, In California two dozen legally gun-toting members of the Black Panther Party marched in the state Capitol in Sacramento to oppose a Republican gun control bill and expose the hypocrisy of politicians who only invoked the Second Amendment when it applied to white people. Gov. Reagan signed the Milford Act, crafted with the goal of disarming members of the Black Panther Party who were conducting armed patrols of Oakland neighborhoods, on July 28.
    (SSFC, 10/24/21, p.E1)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulford_Act)

1967        May 26, California State Senator J. Eugene McAteer (b.1916) died during his campaign for mayor of SF. Joseph Alioto, the co-chairman of the campaign, ran in his place and overcame his rival, Harold Dobbs.
    (SFC, 1/30/98, p.A10)(www.joincalifornia.com/candidate/5668)

1967        May 30, Robert "Evel" Knievel (1938-2007) on his motorcycle jumped 16 cars in Gardena, Ca.

1967        Jun 15, Gov. Reagan signed the Therapeutic Abortion Act, which permitted abortions in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy if a woman's life or health was threatened or the pregnancy was the result of rape or incest.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(AP, 6/15/07)

1967        Jun 16, The three-day Monterey International Pop Music Festival opened in northern California.
    (AP, 6/16/07)

1967        Jun 18, The 3-day Monterey Pop Festival featured Pete Townshend and The Who on the Sunday finale. They nearly stopped the show with the destruction of guitars, drums and microphones on stage. They were immediately followed by Jerry Garcia and The Grateful Dead. The festival also featured Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix and Otis Redding.
    (WSJ, 8/11/95, p.A-7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monterey_Pop_Festival)

1967        Aug, Milton Marks, Republican, beat Assemblyman John Burton in a special election to finish the term of state Senator J. Eugene McAteer.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.A15)

1967        Robert M. Fogelson authored “The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles: 1850-1930."
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.34)
1967        The Renaissance Pleasure Faire was first held in the Bay Area. In 1994 it was sold to Colorado-based Renaissance Entertainment Corp. Its last season at Black Point in Novato was in 1998.
    (SFC, 7/22/98, p.D1)
c1967        The 18th Street gang of Los Angeles formed about this time.
    (SFC, 8/30/97, p.A7)
1967        The Tassara Zen Mountain Center in Carmel began a bread making program for students. The popularity of the bread grew and its recipes were published in 1970. In 1976 the Zen Center opened a bakery in SF, which was sold to Just Deserts in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/10/99, p.D2)
1967        Joe Coulombe (1930-2020) opened his first Trader Joe's grocery store in Pasadena, Ca.. He sold the chain to German retailer Aldi in 1979, but remianed CEO until 1988.
    (SSFC, 3/1/20, p.A9)
1967        The Friends of Photography was founded in Carmel by Ansel Adams and friends. The organization ceased operations in 2001 and closed its SF facility.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.B1)

1967        The Reagans left the Victorian-style governor’s mansion in Sacramento. Nancy Reagan called it a firetrap. They built a new mansion on the American River for $1.3 million. Jerry Brown later refused to live there. It was sold in 1982.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A25)(Econ, 2/25/06, p.34)

1967        The state Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (1967) and the Short-Doyle Act (1969) changed how the state dealt with the mentally ill. New standards were set and a system of community treatment centers was created.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(SSFC, 12/15/02, p.A29)
1967        The California Supreme Court ruled that a city could not prohibit nondisruptive political activity inside a railroad station.
    (SFC, 8/15/11, p.A1)
1967        Aaron Mitchell was executed in San Quentin’s gas chamber for murdering a Sacramento police officer during a holdup.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, WB p.G9)
1967        Ray Knisley, owner of Camp Richardson at Lake Tahoe, Ca., deeded the land to the government to keep it out of the hands of developers. It was initially developed by entrepreneur Alonzo Richardson in 1924, who in 1921 had begun ferrying guests between Placerville and Lake Tahoe in his fleet of Pierce Arrow touring cars.
    (SSFC, 8/31/08, p.E6)
1967        The American Newspaper Guild struck the Los Angeles Harold Express over wages. The strike lasted 10 years.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A22)
1967        Northern California’s Humboldt Times newspaper merged with the Humboldt Standard to form the Times-Standard. The two papers had been under the same owner since 1941.
    (SFCM, 8/13/06, p.13)
1967        The US Army Corps of Engineers sought to keep the San Pedro Dam in northern California about 35% empty to catch flood waters. Local interests favored a fuller dam for irrigation water and power and a 17% figure was settled.
    (SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A8)
1967        The California Packing Co. (Calpak) changed its name to Del Monte.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.B1)(SSFC, 10/3/04, p.J1)
1967        The South Coast Plaza, a planned retail center owned by the Segerstrom family, opened in Orange County, Ca., as the 405 neared completion.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.62)
1967        In Livermore a small amount of plutonium accidentally leaked out of the Lawrence Livermore Lab. and into the sewer system. The sewer sludge was sold to Tri-Valley residents as a soil conditioner for gardens and lawns. The 4.2-acre Big Trees Park later tested higher than background for plutonium but experts assured residents that there was no real danger.
    (SFC, 2/27/98, p.A22)

1967-1973    William R. Gianelli served as director of the California Dept. of Water Resources. The pumping generating plant between San Luis Reservoir and O'Neill Forebay is named after him.
    (CDWR, brochure)

1967-1996    The Paso Robles Daily Press was published by Ben Reddick (d.1997 at age 82).
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A20)

1968        Mar 10, Robert Kennedy visited Delano, Ca., in his bid for the presidency. He joined Cesar Chavez in a chapel where Chavez broke his fast on behalf of organizing farmworkers.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.18)

1968        Mar 19, In southern California Elizabeth Ernstein (14) disappeared while walking home from school in Mentone, San Bernadino County. Her remains were found in 1969 in a shallow grave near Wrightwood, but were not identified until 2012 through DNA testing.
    (SFC, 9/7/12, p.C8)

1968        May, The Lawrence Hall of Science opened in the Berkeley Hills. It was built in honor of Ernest Orlando Lawrence, who developed the cyclotron. The octagonal shape represented the 8 branches of physical science.
    (LHS, 2/12/1998)

1968        Jun 4, Robert Kennedy won the California democratic Presidential Primary whose candidates included Eugene McCarthy. Vice-Pres. Hubert Humphrey had declined to enter the California primary. Kennedy was shot the next day in LA by Sirhan Sirhan and died on June 6.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.26)

1968        Jun 5, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy was shot and mortally wounded at the Ambassador Hotel in LA just after claiming victory in California's Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested. In 2016 Larry Tye authored “Bobby Kennedy: The Making of a Liberal Icon." In 2018 Lisa Pease authored "A Lie Too Big  to Fail," in which she described how witnesses with evidence of conspiracy were silenced by the Los Angeles Police Department; how evidence was deliberately altered and, in some instances, destroyed. In 2021 Robert F. Kennedy Jr. said security guard Thane Eugene Cesar (d.2019) fired the shots that killed his father.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(AP, 6/5/97)(Econ, 7/9/16, p.71)(SFC, 12/9/21, p.A10)

1968        Jun 6, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy died at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles, a day after he was shot by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan. In 2000 Ronald Steel authored "In Love With Night: The American Romance With Robert Kennedy." In 1969 Jack Newfield (d.2004) authored “Robert Kennedy: A Memoir."  In 2000 Evan Thomas authored "Robert Kennedy: His Life."
    (AP, 6/6/97)(SFEC, 1/16/00, BR p.1)(WSJ, 9/7/00, p.A24)(SFC, 12/22/04, p.B5)

1968        Jun 7, Michael Robert Smith (25) escaped from California’s Soledad prison while serving time for a robbery conviction. He headed to Nevada, then New Jersey and into a marriage that didn't work out. In 2001 Smith moved to a tiny trailer in a heavily wooded area of Creek County, Okla., where he was recaptured in 2006.
    (AP, 5/20/06)

1968        Jun 13, Johnny Cash performed a live concert at California’s Folsom Prison. Applause from the inmates was dubbed into his "At Folsom Prison" album.
    (WSJ, 11/26/97, p.CA4)(Econ, 9/18/04, p.88)

1968        Oct 2, Pres. Johnson established Redwood National Park in northern California under Public Law 90-545. Congress created the Redwood National Park in California at a cost of $306 million. Large portions of the Arcata Redwood Corp. lands were detached to form sections of Redwood National Park. The land was initially assembled by Michigan timber baron Arthur Hill. His son, Harry Hill, built the French Renaissance townhouse that is now the Italian consulate.
    (www.eoearth.org/article/Redwood_National_Park,_United_States)(SFC, 9/9/97, p.A19)(SFEC, 12/5/99, p.T1)
1968        Oct 2, The 2,650-mile Pacific Crest Trail, spanning Mexico to Canada, was designated a National Scenic Trail as part of the US National Trails System Act.
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Crest_Trail)

1968        Oct 10, James A. Moe, engineer, was appointed by Ronald Reagan to serve as the chief of Caltrans and served from this day to Dec 30, 1973. He was the first director of Caltrans and came over from the Dept. of Public Works.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)

1968        Oct 30, Ramon Samaniego Novarro (b.1899), the 1st successful Latin star in Hollywood (Ben Hur), was killed by 2 male hustlers. In 2002 Andres Soares authored "Beyond Paradise: The Life of Ramon Novarro.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Novarro)(SSFC, 1/5/03, p.M4)

1968        Nov 5, Alan Cranston (1914-2000), former California state controller (12959-1967), was elected for his 1st term as US Senator.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Cranston)

1968        Dec 18, Carolyn Olsen was murdered during a robbery that netted $18 on a Santa Monica tennis court. Black Panther leader Geronimo Pratt was accused of the murder though he maintained that he was in Oakland on the night the 27-year old teacher was shot to death. He was arrested in 1970 and convicted in 1972 and sentenced to a life term in prison. Julius "Buffo" Butler, a police informant who spied on the Black Panther Party, told police that he believed Pratt killed Olsen. In 1997 a judge ruled to reverse Pratt’s conviction based on the credibility of Butler. He was released on $25,000 bail on 6/10/97. In 2000 Pratt was awarded $4.5 million to be paid by Los Angeles and the FBI.
    {Black History, SF Bay Area, USA}
    (SFC, 4/18/96, C-1)(SFC, 6/7/97, p.A5)(SFC, 6/11/97, p.C2)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A3)

1968        Dec 20, Two teenagers, David Farraday and Betty Lou Jensen, were shot to death in a parked car on Lake Herman Road outside Vallejo, Ca. The murder was attributed to the Zodiac killer.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)(SFC, 4/7/04, p.A7)

1968        Dec, The California Zodiac killer first identified himself with a letter to the Times-Harold in Vallejo. He later claimed to have killed 37 people but the police connected him to only five deaths.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)

1968        Cecile Nelken (1917-2009), sculptor and publisher, founded Artweek, the first US West Coast weekly art newspaper.
    (SFC, 7/17/09, p.D5)
1968        The Royal Chapel at Carmel, Ca., became a cathedral for a second time as the Diocese of Monterey was reorganized.
    (SSFC, 1/4/09, p.B3)
1968        David “Moses" Berg of Oakland, Ca., founded the Children of God. He combined the free love of the sexual revolution with the fervor of the American evangelical movement. [see May, 2, 1978]
    (SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A1)
1968        William Hartman (d.1997 at 78) and Marilyn Fithian founded the Center for Marital and Sexual Studies in Long Beach, Ca. They later published "Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction" based on their studies.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A19)
1968        California governor Ronald Reagan signed an Inmate Bill of Rights. It was amended in 1994 to limit rights only to those guaranteed in the California and US constitutions. It was again amended in 1996 to make personal visits a privilege, not a right.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A17)(http://tiny.cc/kOk1t)
1968        The California Air Resources Board (ARB) was established to regulate the state’s ambient air quality.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A10)
1968        The California legislature passed the California Open Records Law freeing up public documents at agencies other than the Public Utilities Commission.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A21)
1968        Bobby Lee Verdugo (d.2020) became a key figure in the East Los Angeles student movement of Mexican Americans who faced physical punishment for speaking Spanish in class and discrimination from white administrators and teachers. Eventually, a politicized Mexican American population riled by the reaction to the walkouts forced the schools to end punishment for speaking Spanish and later introduced bilingual education classes. The walkouts became the subject of a 2006 HBO movie where actor Efren Ramirez played Verdugo.
    (Reuters, 5/2/20)
1968        The California State Fair moved to the 356-acre CalExpo grounds in Sacramento.
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.F7)
1968        Sidney W. Brossman (d.1999 at 76) became head of the new California Community Colleges and served to 1977.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.D6)
1968        Architect Henry Schubart (d.1998 at 81) moved his family to Salt Spring Island in British Columbia due to his opposition to the Vietnam War. He had designed the campus buildings of the Dominican College in Marin, Ca., the St. Louis Bertrand Church in Oakland and the Holy Names Church in SF among other works. In BC he introduced the use of skylights.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A23)
1968        Myth has it that the Nuestra Familia prison gang was organized after a stolen shoe incident at San Quentin prison. It set the Mexican Mafia, a gang rooted in East Los Angeles, against the Familia based in San Jose.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, Z1 p.1)
1968        In northern California the Black Bear Ranch commune was established in siskiyou County near Yreka. A documentary of the project was released in 2007.
    (SFC, 7/10/10, p.E1)
1968        A newspaper strike shut down the SF Chronicle, the Examiner and the News-Call Bulletin for 53 days. Bill O'Brien (d.2004) became president of the SF-Oakland Newspaper Guild the next day and supported the strike, which had originated with Hearst papers in LA.
    (SFC, 2/05/04, p.A27)
1968        Al Brounstein (d.2006 at 86) purchased 80 acres on Diamond Mountain in Napa, Ca., for a little over $100,000. He began developing a vineyard and later admitted to smuggling cuttings from Bordeaux, France, by way of Tijuana. His first crop from Diamond Creek Vineyards was produced in 1972.
    (SFC, 6/28/06, p.B7)
1968        Robert Mondavi made a dry wine from Sauvignon Blanc and renamed it Fume Blanc.
    (SFC, 5/17/08, p.A7)

1968-1973    The TV show "Mod Squad" was about 3 hip young cops who worked undercover in LA. A film version was begun in 1998.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98,  Par p.8)

1969        Jan 26, California was declared a disaster area after two days of flooding and mud slides.
    (HN, 1/26/99)

1969        Jan 27, Byron Vaughn Booth and fellow convict Clinton Robert Smith, also a robber, escaped from the California Institution for Men at Chino. The next day they bought a ticket for a flight from Los Angeles to Miami with a connection in New Orleans. National Airlines Flight 64 was hijacked over the Gulf of Mexico after the plane left New Orleans. The plane ended up landing at Camaguey, Cuba, where Cuban officials removed the hijackers. The flight continued on to Miami. Booth was arrested in Nigeria in 2001 and returned to the US.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.C14)(http://articles.latimes.com/2001/may/17/local/me-64627)

1969        Jan 29, An undersea oil well off Santa Barbara, Ca., suffered a blowout and over the next 11 days released some 200,000 gallons of oil that spread over 800 square miles of ocean and soiled 35 miles of coastline. The blowout of the Union Oil rig spilled an estimated 4.2 million gallons of oil. Some 3,500 birds were killed as well as some 100 elephant seals and sea lions on San Miguel island.
    (www.geog.ucsb.edu/~jeff/sb_69oilspill/69oilspill_articles2.html)(SFC, 5/22/15, p.A12)

1969        Feb 11, A Lockheed SP2E Neptune crashed in the Santa Ana Mountains of Orange County, Ca., while on night training. 7 seamen were killed.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.B8)(http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/thirdseries15.html)

1969        Feb 28, A Los Angeles court refused Robert Kennedy assassin Sirhan Sirhan's request to be executed.
    (HN, 2/28/98)

1969        Apr 17, A jury in Los Angeles convicted Sirhan Sirhan of assassinating Sen. Robert F. Kennedy. 6 days later he was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_F._Kennedy_assassination)

1969        Apr 18, George Whittell, Jr. (b.1881), born in SF to wealth amassed in real estate and mining, died. His construction of a lakefront estate at lake Tahoe, the Thunderbird Lodge, began in 1937 and was completed in 1939.
    (SFC, 7/21/07, p.F1)(www.thunderbirdlodge.org/theman.html)

1969        May 15, Univ. of California officials fenced People’s Park and planned to build dormitories. This prompted some 3,000 protesters to try to seize it back. Gov. Reagan placed Berkeley under martial law and dispatched tear gas-spraying helicopters and riot police who shot and killed one man.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)

1969        May 25, Matt Borlenghi, actor (Brian Bodine-All My Children), was born in  Los Angeles, CA.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1969        Jul 4, Darlene Ferrin (22), a waitress, was shot and killed at the Blue Rock Springs Golf Club in Vallejo. She was parked with Michael Mageau (19), who survived the shooting. The Zodiac killer reported the shooting within an hour from a pay phone.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)

1969        Jul 31, Gary Allen Hinman, a California musician and UCLA Ph.D. candidate, was found murdered at his home in Topanga Canyon, Ca.  Bruce Davis, a member of Charles Manson’s murderous cult, was later convicted for the murder of Gary Hinman as well as stuntman Donald “Shorty" Shea. Robert Beausoleil, a follower of Charles Manson, was also convicted in the slaying of Hinman.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Brunner)(SFC, 1/29/10, p.A6)(SFC, 1/4/19, p.A4)

1969        Aug 8, Actress Sharon Tate (26) and four other people were brutally murdered in her Beverly Hills home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime. The best writing on the Manson murders was by Joan Didion in "The White Album."
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)(SFEC, 9/19/99, BR p.6)

1969        Aug 9, Actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found brutally murdered in her Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime. Charles Manson's followers killed actress Sharon Tate and her three guests in her Beverly Hills home. The dead included Abigail Folger and Voyteck Freykowski.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, z1 p.4)(AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)(MC, 8/9/02)

1969        Aug 10, Leno and Rosemary LaBianca were murdered in their Los Angeles home by members of Charles Manson's cult, one day after actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found slain.
    (AP, 8/10/97)

1969         Aug 26, Donald “Shorty" Shea (b.1933), a Hollywood stuntman, was murdered about this time. The location of his body was not discovered until 1977. Manson family leader Charles Manson and family members Tex Watson, Steve Grogan aka Clem and Bruce Davis were eventually convicted of murdering Shea.

1969        Sep 4, In California Gov. Ronald Reagan signed the first no-fault divorce package into law, effective January 1, 1970.
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, Z1 p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No-fault_divorce)

1969        Sep 27, The California Zodiac killer pulled a gun on two teenagers at Lake Berryessa. He stabbed them repeatedly and killed Cecelia Shepard.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SFC, 12/12/20, p.A7)

1969        Oct 11, The Zodiac killer shot and killed SF cab driver Paul Stine (29) at Cherry and Washington in Presidio Heights. This was his last known murder. His last authenticated communication was in 1974.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)

1969        Nov 20, Mary Scott (23) was found dead at her apartment in San Diego. She had been strangled and raped. The case went cold until 2020 when the San Diego Police Department announced that with the help of forensic genealogy, a suspect had been identified. On Oct. 24, John Jeffrey Sipos (75), was arrested in Schnecksville, Pennsylvania, in Scott's murder.
    (NY Times, 10/30/20)

1969        Dec 6, The Rolling Stones staged a rock concert at the Altamount Speedway in Livermore, Ca. for some 300,000 fans. The Stones hired the Hells Angels for security. Fans were beaten and one person, Meredith Hunter, was stamped and stabbed to death by a Hell's Angel during the show. Alan Passaro (21) was tried and found not guilty because Hunter was carrying a gun. One man drowned in a nearby canal and2 people were crushed to death by a runaway car. The 1970 documentary film “Gimme Shelter" was about the Rolling Stones concert at Altamount.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.4)(AP, 12/6/99)(SFC, 6/10/00, p.B5)(SFC, 5/26/05, p.B2)

1969        Dec 8, The Los Angeles Police made a surprise attack on Black-Panthers. At two separate locations, 400 officers arrested Party members and children. During one shoot-out, Roland Freeman's body was riddled with bullets, but he survived.

1969        Claire Falkenstein (1908-1997), sculptor and painter, created the doors, gates and tall windows in St. Basil’s Church on Wilshire Boulevard in LA.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A22)
1969        Terry Schoonhoven (d.2001), muralist, co-founded the Los Angeles Fine Arts Squad.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A18)
1969        Mark Hurley (d.2001 at 81) was appointed Catholic bishop of the Santa Rosa diocese. In 1970 he consecrated his younger brother Frank as a bishop.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C5)
1969        Singer Fela Anikulapo-Kuti of Nigeria visited California for 10 months.
    (WSJ, 2/24/99, p.A10)
1969        People’s Park in Berkeley, Ca., again became the site of a dispute between the University, who wanted to build student housing, and activists, who wanted it kept as a mecca for poor people.
    (SFC, 1/4/97, p.A17)(SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B3)
1969        Skyline College in San Bruno opened.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W21)
1969        The medical volunteer organization Interplast, specializing in reconstructive surgery, was founded at Stanford by Dr. Donald Laub.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, Z1 p.1,4)
1969        Sam Yorty was elected mayor of Los Angeles. He defeated Tom Bradley 53 to 47%.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A13)
1969        San Francisco took over its declining port from state control. The transfer required that the port be self-sufficient.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/10/16, p.A14)
1969        Archie "Red" Emerson took his Sierra Pacific logging company public.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A1)
1969        After a heavy rain some 1,600 fish, mostly adult and yearling salmon, died of copper poisoning below the Kewick Dam.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1969        Euphemia Charlton Fortune (b.1885), artist, died. She was born in Edinburgh but received most of her training in the US and became one of the West Coast’s most acclaimed painters.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.B1)

1969-1979    Dr. Dale P. Wren (1919-1996) served as the first president of the Feather River College, when the school was part of the Peralta Community College District.
    (SFC, 1/9/96, p.C4)

1969-1987    The Academy Awards were held in Los Angeles at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.D5)

1970        Jan 1, The Family Law Act took effect in California. It included no-fault divorce.
    (SFC, 7/20/07, p.B12)(www.jstor.org/pss/351519)

1970        Feb 28, Bicycles were permitted to cross the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1970        Apr 10, In California grape grower Lionel Steinberg (d.1999 at 79) signed the initial contract with Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers.
    (SFC, 3/12/99, p.A23)

1970        May 25, [Rachel] Lindsay Greenbush and Sidney [Robin] Greenbush, twin actresses (Carrie-Little House on Prairie), were born in  Hollywood, CA.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1970        Jul 4, Casey Kasem (b.1932) debuted his "American Top 40" on LA radio.

1970        Jul 26, The SF Chronicle received a letter from the Zodiac killer with an unsubstantiated claim of killing 13 people.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)

1970        Aug 7, Jonathon P. Jackson, the younger brother of George L. Jackson, attempted an armed rescue attempt at the Marin Civic Center. A shootout in the parking lot followed and 4 people were killed and 5 injured. Among the dead were Jackson, Judge Harold Haley, Black Panther James McClain, and convict William A. Christmas. Angela Davis was charged with murder, kidnapping and conspiracy, but was acquitted in 1972 after spending a year in jail.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W21)(SFC, 8/19/98, p.A18)

1970        Aug 29, Ruben Salazar (42), a Latino journalist for KMEX, was killed by a tear gas canister fired by a sheriff’s deputy following an anti-war demonstration in East Los Angeles. In 2008 a US postage stamp was issued in his honor. On Feb 22, 2011, a report on the case found no evidence supporting suspicions that Salazar was deliberately killed. It stated that Salazar’s death was due to a series of tactical blunders that would be unacceptable by today's law enforcement standards.
    (SFC, 4/21/08, p.A1)(AP, 2/22/11)

1970        Sep 11, US Pres. Nixon’s VP Spiro Agnew first used the term "nattering nabobs of negativism" during his address to the California Republican state convention in San Diego.

1970        Sep 12, US professor Timothy Leary, LSD proponent, escaped from a California jail. Leary escaped from the State Men’s Colony in San Luis Obispo with the help of his third wife, Rosemary and the Weather Underground. He went to Algiers and joined Black Panther leader Eldridge Cleaver, who kidnapped the Learys after a political disagreement. They soon escaped and made their way to Afghanistan. In 1974 he was caught and revealed his collaborators to the FBI.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4ncp8t)(SFC, 6/1/96, p.A7)(SFC, 7/1/99, p.A9)

1970        Nov 18, Warren Harding (d.2002 at 77) and Dean Caldwell scaled a new route up El Capitan in Yosemite Valley after a 27 days effort. Harding 1st scaled El Capitan in 1958.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A24)

1970        Oct 4, Janis Joplin (b.1943) was found dead in a seedy Hollywood motel of a heroin overdose at age 27. Her classic songs included: "Down on Me," "Ball and Chain," and "Piece of My Heart." In 1992 Laura Joplin authored “Love, Janis."
    (WSJ, 1/9/97, p.A8)(SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.F1)

1970          Oct 19, Amdahl Corp., a manufacturer of IBM mainframe compatible products, was formed at Sunnyvale, California by Dr. Gene Amdahl, a former IBM employee. It has been a wholly owned subsidiary of Fujitsu since 1997.
1970        Oct 19, John Linley Frazier murdered Dr. Victor Ohta, his wife, 2 children and secretary in Santa Cruz, Ca. He was convicted in Dec. 1971, and sentenced to death. The sentence was changed to life in prison after the state Supreme Court struck down capital punishment in California. In 2009 Frazier (62) committed suicide at Mule Creek State Prison.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/frazier.htm)(SFC, 1/27/05, p.B7)(SFC, 8/20/09, p.D6)

1970        Nov 3, Gov. Reagan won a 2nd term. He defeated Jesse Unruh.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)

1970        Nov 4, Genie (b.1957, a feral child, was discovered by Los Angeles authorities. She had spent nearly all of the first thirteen years of her life locked inside a bedroom strapped to a potty chair. She was a victim of one of the most severe cases of social isolation ever documented. In 1994 a book was written about her case by Russ Rymer.

1970        Robert Earl Burton, aka "The Teacher," founded the Fellowship of Friends while living in Berkeley. The group incorporated in 1971 and moved to Yuba County, Ca., where they bought and cleared land with donations and volunteer labor on an estate called Apollo. The group’s philosophy was based on the teachings of George Gurdjieff and Peter Ouspensky. The group has been charged with brainwashing and sexual exploitation.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A10)
1970        Ron Dellums (34) was elected as representative of the East Bay’s 7th Congressional District. He was later re-elected by the 9th District and stayed in Congress for 27 years.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A1)
1970        Wilson Riles was elected over Max Rafferty as the state superintendent of schools. Riles became the first black to hold statewide office.
    (SFC, 4/3/99, p.A17)
1970        California enacted a no-fault divorce policy.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1970        The California Welfare Reform Act allowed women to receive public funding for abortions.
    (WSJ, 1/30/97, p.A16)
1970        The California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) was approved by Gov. Ronald Reagan. It required developers to produce an environmental impact report on any new project.
    (PacDis, Summer ’97, p.13)(Econ, 3/16/13, p.29)
1970        California and Nevada approved The Tahoe Regional Planning Agency.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1970        The Ryan Act essentially eliminated art-course training requirements for elementary schoolteachers.
    (SFC, 5/13/02, p.A9)
1970        Warren Winiarski and investors purchased an orchard next to Nathan Fay’s vineyard in Napa County, Ca., and began planting what would become Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars. His 1973 grapes became the Cabernet Sauvignon that won the famous 1976 tasting in Paris.
    (SFC, 1/5/06, p.F5)(SFC, 3/28/08, p.F4)
1970        San Ramon Village, Ca., first appeared as a separate census designation with a count of 4,084 people.
    (SSFC, 5/19/13, p.P7)

1970s    Judy Chicago and Miriam Schapiro cofounded the Feminist art program at the California Institute of Arts.
    (WSJ, 3/15/00, p.A24)

1970s        The California native Plant Society was formed.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)

1971        Jan 8, 29 pilot whales beached themselves and died at San Clemente Island, off Calif.

1971        Jan 18, Two Standard Oil tankers collided in the fog a quarter mile west of the Golden Gate Bridge. The Arizona Standard ripped into the Oregon Standard and caused the spill of some 1.9 million gallons of heavy bunker oil. 800,000 gallons of oil was dumped into the Bay. The spill spread over 50 miles along the California coast.
    (SFEC, 2/23/96, z-1 p.5)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W39)(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A14)

1971        Jan 25, Charles Manson and three female followers were convicted in Los Angeles of murder and conspiracy in the 1969 slayings of seven people, including actress Sharon Tate.
    (AP, 1/25/98)(SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.4)

1971        Feb 9, In San Fernando a 6.5 earthquake killed 65 people.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)

1971        Mar 29, A jury in Los Angeles recommended the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers for the 1969 Tate-La Bianca murders. The sentences were later commuted.

1971        Apr 19, Charles Manson and 3 accomplices were sentenced to death for the Sharon Tate murders.

1971        May 19, A California supreme court decision allowed minors to obtain an abortion without parental consent as long as their doctors believed they were mature enough to make the decision.
    (SFC, 5/5/97, p.A4)

1971        May 23, In California poet Lou Welch (b.1926) walked away from Gary Snider’s residence in the Sierra foothills and was never seen again.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lew_Welch)

1971        May 26, In northern California Juan Corona (1934-2019) was arrested for 25 murders. Authorities had found 25 mutilated bodies of male farmworkers in orchards along the Feather River in Sutter County. The farm labor contractor from Yuba City Ca., was convicted in 1973 and again in 1982 and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, p.B12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Corona)(SFC, 3/5/19, p.C4)

1971        Jul 12, Kristi Tsuya Yamaguchi, figure skater (Olympic-Gold-92), was born in Hayward, Calif.
    (MC, 7/12/02)
1971        Jul 12, Juan Corona was indicted for 25 murders. Corona, a farm labor contractor from Yuba City in California, had killed and mutilated 25 farm workers. He was convicted to life in prison.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, p.B12)(MC, 7/12/02)

1971        Aug 21, Three prisoners, George Jackson (29), Ronald Kane (28), John Lynn (29), and 3 guards, Jere Graham (39), Frank DeLeon (44) and Paul Krasenes (52), were killed during an attempted prison escape at San Quentin, California. Jackson after meeting with his lawyer, Stephen Bingham, pulled a hidden automatic pistol from his hair and began to release other prisoners. Jackson’s prison letters were published as "Soledad Brother."
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(SFC, 8/25/96, z1 p.5)(SSFCM, 8/19/01, p.7)

1971        Sep 11, The body of a woman was found in the Delta-Mendota Canal near Westley, Ca. she had been stabbed 65 times. In 2008 DNA evidence identified her as Mary Alice Willey (23) of San Francisco. It was suspected that she had played a role in the Aug 29 black Panther attack at the Ingleside police station that left one officer dead.
    (SFC, 10/7/08, p.B2)(SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A1)

1971        Aug 23, Shamu the Whale, the 1st of a number of Shamus, died at Sea World in San Diego, Ca., after 6 years in captivity.

1971        Oct 21, Half Moon Bay, Ca., held its 1st Art and Pumpkin Festival. The 1-day event was thought up by Dolores Mullin to raise money for the Main Street Beautification Committee to buy trees. John Minaidis of Half Moon Bay won with a 132-pound pumpkin.
    (Ind, 9/29/01, 5A)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.B3)

1971        Oct 30, Mack Ray Edwards, California serial killer, hanged himself while on death row. He admitted to 6 sexually motivated murders in the 1950s and 1960s and later told a jailer that the number was closer to 20.
    (SSFC, 10/12/08, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mack_Ray_Edwards)

1971        John-Roger (1934-2014), born as Roger Delano Hinkins, founded the Movement of Spiritual Inner Awareness in southern California. Within a few years he had followers across the country reading his monthly “Soul Awareness Discourses" and doing his daily spiritual exercises.
    (SFC, 10/24/14, p.D2)
1971        Sonoma, Ca., became the first California city to place a cap on residential permits. The restriction was unsuccessfully challenged all the way to the Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 2/15/11, p.E8)
1971        The D.Q. University, California’s only Indian tribal college, was founded on 643 acres of federal surplus property 7 miles west of Davis.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A15,22)
1971        The Berkeley-Oakland Support Services program began. It was renamed in 1996 to Building Opportunities for Self-Sufficiency (BOSS).
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.2)
1971        George Lucas moved his film operations to Skywalker Ranch in Marin County, Ca.
    (WSJ, 1/22/00, p.B1)
1971        The last passenger train from SF to Monterey was put into retirement. A project to bring it back was initiated by Monterey in 1997.
    (SFC, 5/5/97, p.A20)
1971        Swami Vishnu-devananda (1927-1993), a student of Swami Sivananda (1887-1963), set up the Sivananda Ashram Yoga Farm in Grass Valley, Ca.
    (SSFC, 10/3/04, p.D5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swami_Vishnu-devananda)
1971        The American Indian Council of Mariposa County, Ca., was formed.
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, Z1 p.4)
1971        John Belton Dewitt (1937-1996) became the executive director of the Save-the-Redwoods League, a California organization established in 1918. Under his 24-years as secretary and director $65 million was raised and 30,000 acres of virgin forest was acquired for public parks and preserves.
    (SFC, 8/29/96, p.C4)(www.savetheredwoods.org/league/timeline.shtml)
1971        Stanley "Tookie" Williams and Raymond Washington formed the Crips gang as an alliance to combat rivals in East Los Angeles, Ca.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.C2)
1971        California state income taxes began to be withheld from worker's paychecks. California was the last state to do so.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1971        The Serrano-Priest decision ruled that California’s state system of primarily using property tax revenue to finance schools was unconstitutional. The decision was written by Justice Raymond Sullivan.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.B7)
1971        California’s Gov. Reagan approved a major increase in aid to welfare recipients.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1971        California banned the import of kangaroo parts.
    (SSFC, 5/23/21, p.A6)
1971        California had 12 state prisons. By 2001 the number rose to 33.
    (SSFCM, 8/19/01, p.7)
1971        In California Francis Dale Calhoon (73) was convicted in the murder of his wife, Marian. He served 3 years in prison and during that time began writing books on the California Gold Rush. Calhoon died in 1999 and his 5 Gold Country sagas were still in print along with a story of his prison experience.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.A25)
1971        John Linley Frazier, hippie revolutionary, was convicted of killing 5 people in Santa Cruz, Ca., and was sentenced to death.
    (SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)
1971        The first Ralph Lauren Polo store opened on Beverly Hills’ Rodeo Drive.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, EM, p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polo_Ralph_Lauren)
1971        Mervyns, a California-based department store chain, went public with a stock sale of 300,000 shares.
    (WSJ, 9/4/08, p.B6)
1971        Toyota Corp. established the Calty Design facility in Newport Beach, Ca., an automotive design center.
    (IBCC, 10/97, #9)
1971        In northern California students at San Rafael High School, who smoked pot and called themselves the Waldos, coined the term 420 (four-twenty) as a shorthand code for meeting at the campus statue of Louis Pasteur at 4:20 pm to smoke pot.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A20)
1971        The "Sickle Slayer" hacked 2 campers to death near Nevada City, Ca.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A3)
1971        In California the Hosgri fault was discovered and forced PG&E to upgrade the design of the Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant. Unit 1 came online on May 7, 1985. Unit 2 became operational on March 13, 1986. In 2011 another seismic fault was detected on the ocean floor a half mile from the plant.
    (SFC, 3/16/11, p.A11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diablo_Canyon_Power_Plant)

1971-1974    Norman Mineta served as mayor of San Jose.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.E1)

1972        Feb 4, In California the Santa Rosa Hitchhiker Murders when Yvonne Weber (13) and Maureen Sterling (13) were seen thumbing a lift on Guerneville Road. Their bones were found 10 months later six miles into the hills north of Santa Rosa. By December 1973 five more young women had disappeared in the area. They included Kim Allen (19), Jeannette Kamahele (20), Lori Kursa (13), Carolyn Davis (15) and Theresa Walsh (23).
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A9)

1972        Feb 18, The California Supreme Court struck down the state's death penalty.
    (HN, 2/18/98)(AP, 2/18/98)

1972        Nov 7, California voters passed Proposition 20 allowing the creation of the Coastal Commission to regulate construction along the coast. In 2002 a state appeals court ruled it unconstitutional.
    (http://igs.berkeley.edu/library/htCoastalCommission2003.html)(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A1)
1972        Nov 7, In California Prop. 17 authorized the death penalty in the state Constitution with a 67.5 majority vote.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)

1972        Sep 11, The first trial of serial killer Juan Corona began in Colusa County, Ca. It ended up costing $350,000.
    (www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/juan_corona/8.html)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A13)

1972        Oct 12, US House Resolution 16444, establishing the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA), was passed by Congress and was signed by President Richard Nixon 15 days later. The island of Alcatraz was incorporated into this park. California Congressman Phillip Burton pushed through legislation preserving thousands of acres of forested hills, valleys and rugged shoreline. Burton got Congress to agree to transfer the Presidio in San Francisco to the park service if the army ever pulled out.
    (www.sftravel.com/Alcatraz1950on.html)(SFEC, 6/27/99, Z1 p.1,4)(SFCM, 4/25/04, p.18)(SFC, 10/4/96, p.A21)

1972        Dec 25, Lois Petrie was raped and killed in the San Pedro area of Los Angeles. In 2003 Adolph Theodore Laudenburg (77) was arrested for the murder based on DNA evidence. He was suspected in a total of 6 murders between 1972 and 1975, 3 in LA and 3 in SF.
    (SFC, 9/9/03, p.A13)

1972        Dec, Steven Stayner (7) was kidnapped while on his way home from school in Merced. Stayner (d.1989) was held and sexually abused for 7 years by Kenneth Eugene Parnell. A 1989 NBC miniseries "I Know My First Name Is Steven" told his story and was based on book by the same name. In 1999 Cary Stayner, Steven’s younger brother, killed 4 women near Yosemite. In 2002 Parnell (71) was arrested in Berkeley for attempting to buy a 4-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A13)(SSFC, 1/5/03, p.A1,12)

1972        Carlos Bueno (d.2001 at 60), painter and muralist, encouraged Self-Help Graphics to sponsor the 1st Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) celebration in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 9/6/01, p.E8)
1972        Johnny Carson moved the “Tonight Show" from New York to Burbank, Ca., and established Los Angeles as the center of popular culture.
    (Econ, 1/29/05, p.32)
1972        The US government outlawed the pesticide DDT. It followed the suit filed by Ralph Abascal (d.1997 at 63) of California Rural Legal Assistance on behalf of six farmworkers. The federal law prevented California’s Montrose Chemical Co. from dumping DDT into the ocean off the Palos Verdes peninsula.
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/18/97, p.A22)(Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.5)
1972        Ken Bannister began handing out Chiquita banana stickers at photo trade shows to garner attention. People responded by sending him banana-related items. This led him to found his Int’l. Banana Museum in Altadena.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.49)
1972        Judge Allen Broussard (1929-1996) was the first African American to be elected president of the California Judges Assoc.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1 p.7)
1972        Privacy was added to the California state Constitution as an inalienable right.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1972        The Marin Town and Country Club was closed after area residents passed a ballot measure that required voter approval prior to any new development.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A19)
1972        LA Mayor Sam Yorty switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party.
    (WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A1)
1972        Psychiatrist Dennis Cantwell (1939-1997) began serving as director of the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and stayed there until 1991. He helped edit 5 textbooks that included: "Developmental Speech and Language Disorders" with Lorian Baker, "Psychiatric and Developmental Disorders in Children with Communication Disorder," and "Fundamentals of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" with Syed Husein.
1972        Four locomotives of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad derailed in the Eel River Canyon.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, Z1 p.1)
1972        Saul Alinsky, founder of the Industrial Areas Foundation, died in Carmel.
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A5)

1972-73    Edmund Kemper III (b.1948) murdered 6 female college students and chopped up their bodies in the Santa Cruz, Ca., area. In 1964, at age 15, he had shot and killed his grandparents. He killed his mother and a friend of hers in Santa Cruz on Easter weekend, 1973, and soon surrendered. He was sentenced to life in prison at Vacaville, Ca.

1973        Feb 5, Juan Corona was sentenced in Fairfield, Ca., to 25 consecutive life terms for the 25 murders of migrant workers.

1973        Feb 13, In the SF Bay Area Leslie Perlov (21) was last seen at her Palo Alto workplace. Three days later deputies found her body under an oak tree in the foothills west of Stanford. In 2018 DNA evidence led to the arrest of Hayward resident John Arthur Getreu (74).
    (SFC, 11/23/18, p.C1)

1973        Mar 27, The 45th Academy Awards were held in Los Angeles at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. "The Godfather" won the Academy Award for best picture of 1972, but its star, Marlon Brando, refused to accept his Oscar for best actor. Liza Minnelli won best actress for "Cabaret."
    (AP, 3/27/98)(SFC, 3/19/02, p.D1)

1973        Apr 28, In Roseville, Ca., a huge explosion of military ordnance occurred on a trainload of bombs and ammunition headed for the Port Chicago Naval Weapons Station and then to US troops in Vietnam. Nobody was killed. 18 government-owned boxcars, each with more than 330 250-pound bombs, exploded in a daylong series of blasts.
    (SFC, 10/8/97, p.A20)(SFC, 10/9/97, p.A28)

1975        May 26, Jim Bridwell (1944-2018), John Long and Billy Westbay made the first one-day ascent of El Capitan.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Bridwell)(SSFC, 2/18/18, p.C12)

1973        May 29, Tom Bradley (d.1998) was elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles, defeating incumbent Sam Yorty. He served to 1993.
    (AP, 5/29/97)(SFC, 9/30/98, p.A1)

1973        Jun 5, Doris A. Davis becomes the first African-American woman to govern a city in a major metropolitan area when she is elected mayor of Compton, California.
    (HN, 6/5/00)

1973        Aug 19, In Santa Cruz, Ca., Herbert Mullin (b.1947) was declared guilty of first-degree murder in the cases of Jim Gianera and Kathy Francis, because they were premeditated, while for the other eight murders he was found guilty of second-degree murder because they were more impulsive. His story was later told by Donald T. Lunde and Jefferson Morgan in “The Die Song: A Journey in the Mind of a Mass Murderer."

1973        Aug 21, Teamster's Union and AFL-CIO's United Farm Workers' union came to a settlement with regard to organizing grape growers in California. In response Cesar Chavez called an end to the UFW grape strike. A nationwide boycott of California’s non-union grapes, lettuce and Gallo wines was stepped up.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.8)(http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1973-8/1973-08-21-ABC-16.html)

1973        Aug, Kenneth Patrick (40), Point Reyes National Seashore park ranger, was shot to death after he stopped a car of suspected bow-and-arrow deer poachers. Veronza Bowers, a Black Panther, was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 30 years in prison. In 2005 Bowers (59), who denied the charges, was schedule for release under a mandatory parole law.
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.B4)

1973        Nov 6, The Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) assassinated Oakland school superintendent Marcus Foster and wounded his assistant. The SLA warned against a proposed student ID program.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A13)

1973        Kevin Starr wrote the first volume of his California State history: "Americans and the California Dream, 1850-1915." The 5th volume "The Dream Endures: California Enters the 1940s" was published in 1997. The series included "Endangered Dreams: The Great Depression in California."
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, BR. p.4)(WSJ, 11/26/97, p.CA4)(SFEC, 2/22/98, BR p.5)
1973        John Weaver (d.2002) authored "Los Angeles: El Pueblo Grande."
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.A25)

1973        BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) opened a station in downtown Walnut Creek, Ca.
    (SFC, 7/17/06, p.B5)
1973        Timothy Leary (d.1996) was captured in Afghanistan and returned to jail in California. He was pardoned by Gov. Brown in 1976.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A22)
1973        In Marin County, California, Sylvia Siegel (1918-2007) founded “Toward Utility Rate Normalization" (TURN), a consumer group to battle utility prices increases.
    (SFC, 8/21/07, p.B5)
1973        Joseph Phelps (1927-2015) purchased a 600-acre cattle ranch in Rutherford, Ca. and harvested his first batch of grapes. His Joseph Phelps Winer was completed the following year and produced California’s first varietal-labeled Syrah.
    (SFC, 4/24/15, p.D7)
1973        Count Robert Jean de Vogue, French chairman of Moet-Hennessey, purchased 350 acres in Yountville for his new winery that debuted as Domaine Chandon in 1977.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, Z1 p.16)
1973        In Occidental, Ca., Marshall Olbrich (d.1991) and Lester Hawkins (d.1985) opened their 3-acre Western Hills Nursery. They had designed and built the nursery in 1961 and proceeded to cultivate and popularize many plants that later thrived in the Bay Area gardens.
    (SFC, 3/15/10, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/y9onugc)
1973        Dun-Rite, a Fresno, Ca., maker of a pop-up timer for roasting turkeys, was sold to 3M Co. of St. Paul, Minn. In 1982 3M sued the Volk Enterprises, another Fresno maker of pop-up timers developed by Tony Volk. A few years later a settlement was negotiated. In 1991 Volk acquired 3M’s pop-up business.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)
1973        The first piece of land to be declared critical habitat was the Antioch sand dunes at the confluence of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers in the delta region of central California. Case studies of the area by Bruce Pavlik indicated that "plants will face reproductive bottlenecks if the reserves they are nestled in become too small to sustain their animal mutualists, creatures long associated with particular plants which provide them their food and shelter."
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.27)

1974        Jan 20, Howard C. Ulrich was appointed by Ronald Reagan to serve as the chief of Caltrans and served from this day to Aug 8, 1975.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)

1974        Jan 25, Ray Kroc (1902-1984), the head of McDonald's Corp., bought the SD Padres for $12 million and prevented the team's planned move to Washington DC.
    (www.addictsports.com/baseball/archive/index.php/t-28507.html)(SFC, 10/13/03, p.A19)

1974        Feb 4, Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst (19) was kidnapped in Berkeley, Calif., by the Symbionese Liberation Army. Her boyfriend Steven Weed was beaten. Patty Hearst ran away to join an underground revolutionary group, the Symbionese Liberation Front.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1974)(SFC, 2/8/97, p.A7)(AP, 2/4/97)(AP, 2/4/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)

1974        Feb 12, The SLA sent a letter a tape with the voices of Patty Hearst and "general field marshal Cinque" to KPFA. They demanded free food to the poor of the Bay Area, prison reform and social justice. Symbionese Liberation Army asked the Hearst family for $230 million in food for the poor.
    (HN, 2/12/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)

1974        Feb 16, Rev. Cecil Williams of Glide Memorial Church received a tape from the SLA wherein Cinque said a "reasonable" food giveaway would be acceptable as a condition for the release of Patty Hearst.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)

1974        Feb 18, In California Randolph Hearst was to give $2 million in free food for the poor in order to open talks for his daughter Patty.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1974        Feb 19, Randolph Hearst announced a $2 million food program called People in Need.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)

1974        Feb 23, William F. Knowland, former Cal. state senator and Oakland Tribune newspaper publisher and editor, committed suicide. In 1998 Gayle B. Montgomery and James W. Johnson, in collaboration with Paul G. Manolis, published the biography "One Step from the White House: The Rise and Fall of Senator William F. Knowland."
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_F._Knowland)

1974        Mar 8, Snow fell in Bakersfield.
    (SFC, 1/26/99, p.A19)

1974        Apr 3, A tape from the SLA announced Patty Hearst’s decision to "stay and fight" with the SLA.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22,23)

1974        Apr 15, SLA members including Patty Hearst robbed the Sunset Branch of the Hibernia Bank of more than $10,000. The wounded 2 passersby as they fled.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)

1974        May 16, SLA members William and Emily Harris were identified with Patty Hearst in LA during a shoplifting attempt at Mel's Sporting Goods store. They escaped in a stolen van with a 19-year-old kidnapped victim.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)

1974        May 17, LA police and FBI agents engaged in a gun battle with SLA members in a bungalow. The house caught fire and 6 bodies were recovered that included Cinque and William Wolfe. Patty Hearst was not there.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbionese_Liberation_Army)

1974        Jun 29, In Fresno, Ca., Clarence Ray Allen (44) robbed Fran’s market. Soon after Mary Sue Kitts (17) was murdered on orders from Allen (44) for revealing Allen’s role in a robbery. In 1997 Allen was convicted for her murder and was sentenced to life in prison. Allen faced execution in 2006.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/13/06, p.A15)(http://tinyurl.com/4s4pqp)

1974        Jul 9, Former California governor and U.S. Chief Justice Earl Warren died in Washington D.C. In 1997 Ed Cray authored the Warren biography "Chief Justice."
    (AP, 7/9/99)(SFC, 2/28/01, p.A18)

1974        Aug 31, William P. Benedict, was killed while dropping fire retardant in the Ukiah area of California on the labor day weekend. In 1952 Lieutenant Colonel Benedict and Lieutenant Colonel Joseph O. Fletcher of Oklahoma piloted the 1st airplane to land at the geographic North Pole. In 2002 Charles B. Compton later authored "Born to Fly: Some Life Sketches of Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict."
    (CBC, 11/13/03)

1974        Dec 1, The L.A. Skid Row slasher killed Charles Jackson (46), an alcoholic drifter. In 1975 police arrested Vaughn Greenwood, a black loner and homosexual, who had drifted back and forth between Chicago and California. In 1977 Greenwood, who was indicted on 11 counts of murder, was convicted on 9 counts and sentenced to life in prison.

1974        Kent Twitchell painted the 20-foot high mural "The Old Woman of the Freeway" in Los Angeles. It was painted over in the mid 80s and Twitchell worked to restore it in the 90s.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)
1974        The J. Paul Getty Museum was established in Malibu, Ca., by the billionaire oilman. It was designed by Robert E. Langdon Jr. (d.2004) and Ernest C. Wilson Jr.
    (WSJ, 1/30/97, p.A14)(SFC, 8/26/04, p.B6)
1974        The Federal Correctional Institution in Dublin was built.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A15)
1974        James Wishard Robertson (d.2001 at 66) and his wife Carolyn founded the Yolla Bolly Press in Covelo, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A28)

1974        Gov. Ronald Reagan appointed Judge Frank K. Richardson (d.1999 at age 85) to the California Supreme Court. Richardson retired in 1983. Regan served as governor from 1966-1974. In 2003 Lou Cannon authored "Governor Reagan."
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C4)(WSJ, 10/7/03, p.D10)
1974        California state spending under Gov. Reagan increased from $4.6 to $10.2 billion when he left office.
    (SSFC, 6/6/04, A27)
1974        California enacted a community property law.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1974        Janet Gray Hayes was elected mayor of San Jose by 1,660 votes. She defeated Bart Collins, a retired police detective.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A12)
1974        Marjorie Downing Wagner was named the 3rd president of Sonoma State Univ.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.E2)
1974        SF Mayor Joseph Alioto made another bid for governor of California but the campaign stumbled under allegations that he paid no income tax from 1970-1972. He lost the Democratic primary to Jerry Brown. Also the DA held that Alioto was in conflict of interest in arranging the family purchase of the Pacific Far East Line, which owned $1.7 million in back rent to the city-owned port.
    (SFC, 1/30/98, p.A10)
1974        Jerry Brown was elected California state governor over Houston Flournoy.
    (SFC,10/29/97, p.A16)
1974        Jerry Brown as Sec. of State wrote the Political Reform Act, which in part precluded public officials from decisions in which they had a financial interest.
    (SFC, 2/5/00, p.A19)
1974        Walnut Creek residents voted to spend $6.75 million to acquire the bulk of Lime Ridge as open space property. The land was acquired in 1975 and expanded in 1993.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A20)
1974        Gardner Kent, a resident at the Star Mountain commune in Sonoma County, carted his family and a number of strangers in a converted school bus across the US. This marked the beginning of Green Tortoise Adventure Travel.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.D6)
1974        Ken Behring, a Florida land developer, and his partners agreed to donate 2,052 acres near Danville to the California state park system in exchange for the right to build 2,400 homes that became the Blackhawk community. The last 511-acre parcel was transferred in 1999. In 1975 Dan Van Voorhis (1939-2005), East Bay attorney, and Sandy Skaggs formed a new law firm to help develop the Blackhawk project.
    (SFC, 5/14/99, p.A21)(SFC, 3/17/05, p.B7)
1974        Harry Partch (b.1901), California composer, instrument builder, philosopher and multiculturalist, died. He held allegiance to just intonation and the 43 tone scale. His collection of instruments was deeded in 1990 to  NY-based Dean Drummond, the director of NEWBAND, an organization based on Partch's work.
    (SFEM, 9/5/99, p.11)
1974        Louis M. Martini (79), California vintner died. His son, Louis P. Martini (d.1998), took over the vineyards and developed Merlot wine.
    (SFC, 9/22/98, p.E2)

1974-1978    The average value of a California home rose from $34,000 to $85,000.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.A10)

1975        Feb 22, Daniel Alstadt (18), an eagle scout and football player, killed his parents and sister and paralyzed his brother with a hatchet in the San Carlos area of San Diego and then set their house on fire. In 2000 Alstadt committed suicide by hanging at Valley State Prison in Coalinga.
    (SFEC, 5/28/00, p.C3)

1975        Apr 21, Members of the SLA robbed the Carmichael Bank in suburban Sacramento, Ca. Myrna Opsahl, a mother (42) of four, was shot dead. Patty Hearst drove the getaway car. Emily Harris shot Opsahl with a 12-gauge shotgun. 4 SLA members were arrested for the murder of Opsahl in 2002. Michael Bortin, William Harris, Sara Jane Olson and Emily Montague all pleaded guilty. Fugitive James Kilgore was arrested in South Africa Nov 8, 2002. In 2003 Montague was sentenced to 8 years, Harris to 7 years, Olson and Bortin to 6 years. In 2004 Kilgore was sentenced to 4 ½ years. Kilgore was paroled in 2009.
    (SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A13)(SFC, 1/18/02, p.A22)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/8/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/02, p.A1)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A3)(SFC, 4/27/04, p.B1)(SFC, 5/11/09, p.B2)

1975        May 3, Gov. Jerry Brown of California began a round of private meetings to resolve the issues between the UFW, agribusiness, and the Teamsters Union.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.22)

1975        May 26, In California Jim Bridwell (1944-2018), John Long and Billy Westbay made the first one-day ascent of El Capitan in Yosemite Valley.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Bridwell)(SSFC, 2/18/18, p.C12)

1975        Jun 5, Gov. Jerry Brown of California announced the new Agricultural Labor Relations Act. It was a temporary truce in the struggle between the state’s  farm workers (UFW) led by Cesar Chavez and farmers. Chavez officially ended the table grape, lettuce and wine boycott on Jan 31, 1978.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.22)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.E4)

1975        Jul 1, Cesar Chavez and sixty supporters of the UFW embarked on a thousand-mile march across California to rally the state’s farm workers.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.23)

1975        Jul 9, California’s Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill that reduced the penalty for possession of marijuana to a $100 fine. The bill was sponsored by Sen. George R. Moscone and written with the help of attorney Leo Paoli (d.1997 at 65).
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/hemp/moscone/chap3.htm)

1975        Aug 21-22, In Los Angeles Kathleen Ann Soliah (later known as Sarah Jane Olson) and other members of the SLA placed 2 pipe bombs under parked police cars at an Int'l. House of Pancakes on Sunset Blvd. They did not explode. Olson pleaded guilty to 2 felony accounts in 2001.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A3)(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A13)(SFC, 11/1/01, p.A1)

1975        Sep 5, President Ford escaped an attempt on his life by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, Calif. In 1997 Jess Bravin wrote her biography: "Squeaky: The Life and Times of Lynette Alice Fromme."
    (SFC, 6/18/97, p.E5)(AP, 9/5/97)

1975        Sep 11, In central California college teacher Claude Snelling (45) was shot and killed in Visalia while trying to save his teenage daughter, Elizabeth Hupp (16) from the clutches of a masked intruder, dubbed the Visalia Ransacker. In 2018 Joseph James De Angelo, already linked to 12 killings and at least 50 rapes, was charged with the murder.
    (SFC, 8/14/18, p.C2)

1975        Sep 18, Police and FBI arrested SLA members Patty Hearst, William and Emily Harris, Steven Soliah and Wendy Yoshimura in SF. James Kilgore disappeared and later surfaced a Univ. of Cape Town Prof. Charles William Pape. He was arrested in 2002. Hearst was convicted of bank robbery and served over 22 months in federal prison. Pres. Carter commuted her sentence in 1979. Kathleen Ann Soliah remained a fugitive until 1999 when she was picked up in St. Paul, Minn., under the name of Sara Jane Olson. She was wanted for placing 2 pipe bombs under police cars in LA.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)(SFC, 6/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/11/09, p.B2)

1975        Sep 21, In Sacramento, Ca., a psychiatric interview with Lynette “Squeaky" Fromme, arrested for aiming a pistol at Pres. Ford on Sep 5, was recorded.  Fromme was later convicted of attempted assassination and remained in prison until release on parole in 2009. The 132-minute recording was released in April, 2014.
    (SFC, 4/25/14, p.D4)

1975        Sep 23, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed the Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act (MICRA). It imposed limits on attorney fees and capped jury awards in medical malpractice suits for “noneconomic" damages to $250,000.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 7/13/04, p.D4)(http://tinyurl.com/m852rv)

1975        Sep, In San Bernadino County, Ca., Lorrie Sue McClary (16) and her boyfriend were arrested for the murder of Anna Mills (79), who had hired her and her boyfriend, Fred Wilson (23). She later claimed that she pleaded guilty to protect her boyfriend. McClary was sentenced 7 years to life and her boyfriend, who testified against her, drew a 4 year sentence. In 1998 her request for parole was denied by Gov. Wilson.
    {California, Murder, USA, Teens amuck}
    (SFC, 6/15/98, p.A22)(www.feminist.com/news/vaw28.html)

1975        Nov 26, A federal jury in Sacramento, Calif., found Lynette Fromme, a follower of Charles Manson, guilty of trying to assassinate President Ford. [see Sep 5]
    (HN, 11/26/98)(AP, 11/26/99)

1975        Fall, In Sacramento at the offices of the Agricultural Labor Relations Bureau (ALRB), Teamsters  stormed in with charges of pro-UFW bias and ruffed up agency officials.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.24)

1975        Dec 30, Tiger Woods, later professional golfer, was born as Eldrick Woods in Cypress, California.

1975        The Bolinas, Ca., based Coastal Post began publishing news of Muir Beach, Stinson Beach, Bolinas, Olema and Dog Town.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.C2)
1975        The 62-story United California Bank Tower in downtown LA was built by C.L. Peck Contractor.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A23)
1975        Gary Dahl, a California advertising man, dreamed up the pet rock fad.
    (SFC, 7/12/00, p.A16)
1975        Robert Hoffmann (d.1997 at 74), human potential movement pioneer, established the Quadrinity Center in San Anselmo, Ca., to promote his holistic model of the human being that included physical, intellectual, emotional and spiritual elements.
    (SFC, 8/21/97, p.C4)
1975        California Assemblyman Willie Brown won the narrow approval of a bill that decriminalized various sex acts, including sodomy, by consenting adults.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1975        California enacted a strict fire-safety law requiring that furniture withstand 12 seconds of flame without catching fire. Manufacturers used large amounts of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) to comply. In 2012 researchers said PBDEs appear to delay the neurological development of children of children. In 2013 state officials moved change Technical Bulletin 117 easing the requirements on flame retardants. 
    (SFC, 11/15/12, p.A16)(SFC, 2/9/13, p.A1)
1975        Cameron Hooker kidnapped a 20-year-old woman and kept her in his Red Bluff, Ca., home as a sex slave for 7 years. The case was dubbed "The Girl in the Box" when it was learned that hooker kept her in a box for 3 years under a bed he shared with his wife. Hooker was prosecuted and found guilty in 1985.
    (SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)
1975        The short-handled hoe ("el cortito") was banished from California’s farm fields due to its debilitating effect on worker’s health.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.28)
1975        The Wilder Ranch, formerly Rancho Refugio, was sold to California state and became Wilder Ranch State Park. It and the adjacent Gray Whale ranch north of Santa Cruz, totaled 8,300 acres of coastal beach and country forest.
    (Ind, 7/11/00,10A)
1975        Film director Francis Ford Coppola purchased part of the Inglenook Winery in Napa County, Ca. He purchased the rest in 1995.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, Wba p.8)
1975        The New Almaden mine south of San Jose, Ca., was closed. It had mined mercury for over 120 years. In the 1980s it was placed on the state’s list of Superfund cleanup sites.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.A26)
1975        Dutch elm disease was first found to have spread to California.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.A21)

1975-1983    David Saxon (1920-2005) served as president of the Univ. of California. He left in 1983 to serve as chairman of MIT Corp. and served there until 1990.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.B5)

1976        Jan 1, In California the Moscone Act, which relaxed marijuana laws, went into effect.

1976        Feb 15, In Los Angeles Elizabeth McKeown (67) was beaten, raped and strangled. A young homicide detective found her body 3 days later in a car trunk. In 2009 John Floyd Thomas Jr. (72), an insurance claims adjuster, was arrested based on DNA evidence. A series of attacks stopped in 1978, the year Thomas went to prison for the rape of a Pasadena woman.
    (AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 9/24/09, p.D3)

1976        Feb 26, A Los Angeles Grand Jury indicted Kathleen Soliah on explosives and conspiracy charges.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A13)

1976        Mar 13, Adriana Gianturco was appointed by Jerry Brown to serve as the chief of Caltrans and served from this day to Jan 2, 1983. She slowed highway construction and pushed the state to focus on mass transit options.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)

1976        Mar 13, A jury convicted 4 Black Muslims for 3 murders and 4 assaults of a total of 23 Bay Area crimes that included 14 murders. Jessie Lee Cooks, Larry Craig Green, Manuel Moore and J.C.X. Simon were given life sentences.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)

1976        Mar 20, Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was convicted of armed robbery for use of a firearm in the San Francisco Hibernia Bank holdup. In Sept she was sentenced to 7 years in prison.
    (AP, 3/20/97)(HN, 3/20/98)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)

1976        May 24, In France 2 California wines won a tasting event over several French classics for the 1st time. Stephen Spurrier, English owner of a wine shop and wine school in Paris, held a competition tasting of French and American wines. The best white wine was a 1973 Napa Valley Chardonnay from Chateau Montelena. The best red wine was a 1973 Cabernet Sauvignon from Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars. Winemaker Miljenko Grgich created the Napa Chardonnay that beat French wines in the legendary Paris Tasting. In 2005 George M. Taber authored “Judgement of Paris," an account of the 1976 tasting.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, ZZ1 p.4)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.T8)(WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A20)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.F4)

1976        May 21, A bus on I-680 in California crashed after crossing the Benicia-Martinez Bridge, plunged 21 feet, and rolled upside down. 28 Yuba City High School students and one adult were killed. There were 22 survivors.
    (SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-20)

1976        Jun 18, In California an assailant broke into the home of a Rancho Cordova woman, tied her hands and raped her in her bed. This was the first recorded case by the serial offender who came to be called the East Area Rapist. He was later believed responsible for 12 killings and over 45 rapes over the next 10 years. His last known crime was a murder in Irvine on May 5, 1986.
    (SFC, 6/16/16, p.A10)

1976        Jul 12, Edward Charles Allaway, a campus janitor, killed 7 people in a library at California State Univ. at Fullerton. He was found not guilty by reason of insanity and was confined at a state mental hospital.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A5)(www.spock.com/Edward-Charles-Allaway)

1976        Jul 15, School Children in Chowchilla, CA. were kidnapped by 3 young men, Richard (22) and James Schoenfeld (24) and Newhall Woods (24). The 26 children were herded into a moving van that was buried in a quarry near Livermore, Ca. and held for $5 million ransom. The children escaped after 16 hours and their captors were captured within 2 weeks. The men were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Z1 p.1)(AP, 7/15/97)

1976        Sep 17, The California Supreme Court ruled that the Univ. of California’s special admissions policy giving preference to minority applicants is unconstitutional. Allan Bakke had claimed he was the victim of reverse discrimination when he was denied admission to the UC Davis Medical School.
    (SFC, 9/14/01, WB p.6)

1976        Sep 22, Workers began dismantling Christo’s Running Fence in Marin.
    (SFC, 9/21/01, WB p.5)

1976        Oct 29, A petition to rehear the Bakke case was denied and UC Davis was ordered to admit Bakke. Judge Stanley Mosk prohibited the Univ. of California from using racial quotas in its admissions following a reverse discrimination  suit by Allan Bakke.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A9)(SFC, 10/26/01, WB p.7)

1976        Nov 2, Voters in California rejected Prop. 14, an initiative that proposed to add to the state constitution the funding provisions and rights of organizers (UFW) to enter farm fields to talk to workers. Opposition to the initiative was run by the Dolphin Group, an influential lobbying firm.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.28)

1976        Nov 4, Rose Vuich (49) of Dinuba became the 1st woman elected to the state Senate.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, WB p.6)

1976        Nov 22, Phillip Garrido kidnapped Katie Hall in South Lake Tahoe and drove her to Reno, where he raped her at a storage unit. Garrido was convicted in 1977 and sentenced to 50 years in prison. He was paroled in 1988. In 1991 He kidnapped Jaycee Lee Dugard (11) in South Lake Tahoe and kept her in Antioch, Ca., until his arrest in 2009.
    (SFC, 9/2/09, p.A15)(SFC, 9/23/11, p.C3)

1976        Dec 8, The state Supreme Court ruled the death penalty unconstitutional. No executions had been performed since 1967.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, WB p.G9)

1976        In California Bulgarian artist Christo Javacheff created his artwork "Running Fence," a 24.5-mile-long white nylon fence/curtain draped across Marin and Sonoma counties. The fence cost $3 million and lasted for 2 weeks.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A16)(SFC, 3/13/99, p.A24)
1976        The book "Splendid Survivors: San Francisco's Downtown Architectural Heritage" was published.
    (SFC, 7/4/03, p.E7)
1976        In California Jim Kepner (d.1997 at 74), historian and gay-rights pioneer, co-founded the One Institute, an educational outfit. He wrote for One magazine, the nation’s first openly "homophile" publication. He created the Int’l. Gay and Lesbian Archives and his early writings: "Rough News, Daring Views" were to be published shortly after his death.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.C10)
1976        The California Coastal Act was passed. Peter Douglas (1942-2012) helped draft and legislation designed to protect and provide public access the California coast.
    (SFC, 4/4/12, p.C6)
1976        In California the Mendocino Land Trust was founded to save property from development.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.B1)
1976        California’s Gov. Brown appointed Yoritada "Yori" Wada (d.1997 at 80), director of the SF Buchanan YMCA, to the UC Board of Regents. Mr. Wada was the first Asian American regent in the history of UC.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.C8)
1976        California’s Supreme Court legalized palimony in a 43-page decision won by Michelle Triola Marvin against actor Lee Marvin.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.D9)
1976        The California Legislature extended a 1953 wage law requiring overtime pay for women and minors who work extra days or hours to all workers.
    (SFC, 5/10/17, p.D3)
1976        S.I. Hayakawa, former president of SF State College, was elected to the US Senate.
    (SFC, 2/2/98, p.A20)
1976        Rose Ann Vuich (d.2001 at 74) of Dinuba, Ca., began serving as the state’s 1st female senator.
    (SFC, 9/1/01, p.A15)
1976        Hamilton Air Force Base in Novato, Ca., was decommissioned. The area was later approved for development as a planned community, Hamilton Landing, with 950 homes in 6 neighborhoods set for completion in 2000.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, Z1 p.4)(SFEC, 3/14/99, p.C4)
1976        California filed its first enforcement action against Stauffer Chemicals, owners of the Iron Mountain mine near Redding.
(SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1976        Stauffer Chemical Co. sold the Iron Mountain mine to Ted Armand, a Sacramento businessman, who planned to use the tailings for fertilizers. Armand claimed that he was not informed of any environmental issues.
(SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1976        California appropriated $250,000 to preserve the old Chinese detention center on Angel Island.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.7)
1976        Geologist Tom Jordon completed his castle-style Jordan Estate winery in Healdsburg, Ca. It was styled after the 18th century French Chateau Margaux.
    (SSFC, 11/22/09, p.N6)
1976        Ravenswood Winery was founded in Sonoma, Ca., and went public in 1999. In 2001 it was sold to New York’s Constellation Brands for $148 million.
    (SFC, 4/12/01, p.B6)
1976        The Great American Smokeout, organized by the American Cancer Society, was first held in California.
    (SFEM, 7/14/96, p.32)
1976        The Tao House in Danville, former residence of playwright Eugene O'Neill, was declared a national historic site.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, Z1p.1)
1976        The Humboldt nuclear power plant was shut down after an earthquake fault was discovered running beneath it. In 1999 the California PUC was expected to approve the decommissioning of the plant for 2002.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.C4)
1976        An area of 420,000 acres in California’s Joshua Tree National Monument was designated a national wilderness area.
    (Sp., 5/96, p.64)
1976        Scientists in southern California scientists unearthed what were among the oldest skeletal remains ever found in the Western Hemisphere. They dated back nearly 10,000 years. A local tribal group called the Kumeyaay Nation later claimed that the bones, representing at least two people, were their ancestors and demanded them back. In December, 2011, the Univ. of San Diego said it would turn the remains over to the Kumeyaay, although it gave other tribal groups until Jan. 4 to come forward and dispute the claim.
    (AP, 1/15/12)

1977        Jan 1, The California Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights Act became effective. The concept originated around 1974. The largest supporter of POBRA was the ACLU. Governor Jerry Brown signed the bill into law.
    (www.porac.org/POBR_ptrfr.htm)(SFC, 2/9/06, p.A1)

1977        Jan 28, Freddie Prinze, TV star in "Chico and the Man," committed suicide with a .32 caliber pistol. He was despondent and intoxicated with sedatives.
    (SSFC, 8/19/01, Par p.5)

1977        Mar 12, The Commission on Judicial Appointments confirmed Rose Elizabeth Bird (40) as California’s 25th chief justice and the 1st woman to sit on the state’s Supreme Court. She was sworn in on March 26.
    (SFC, 3/8/02, p.G8)

1977        Mar 15, The state Health Committee approved a bill by Assemblyman Willie Brown to allow transsexuals to apply for and receive new birth certificates.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.G8) 

1977        Mar 17, Marin County pharmacist Fred Mayer started the first Condom Day at UC Berkeley.
    (SFC, 3/18/98, p.A16)

1977        Mar 26, Rose Bird (1936-1999) was sworn in as Chief Justice of California. She had been confirmed on March 12.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A18)

1977        Apr 12, The State Assembly approved legislation to allow transsexuals to be issued new birth certificates.
    (SFC, 4/12/02, p.G6)

1977        Apr, The Domain Chandon winery in Yountville made its debut.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A12)

1977        May 9, Patty Hearst was let out of jail. [see May 10]
    (MC, 5/9/02)

1977        May 10, Patti Hearst was sentenced to 5 years’ probation for her role in the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) crime spree May 16-17, 1974. She still faced a 7-year sentence for armed robbery.
    (SFC, 5/10/02, p.G7)

1977        May 17, The state Assembly voted 54-23 to restore the death penalty. Gov. Jerry Brown pledged to veto the bill. It had passed the Senate 29-10.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.G8)(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A16)

1977        May 28, Gov. Brown vetoed legislation that would have reinstated the death penalty.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.G8)

1977        Aug 11, The California legislature restored the death penalty.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.G8)(www.deathpenalty.org/article.php?id=48)

1977        Aug 19, Comedian Groucho Marx died in Los Angeles at age 86. In 1996 Steven Stolier authored "Raised Eyebrows." In 2000 Stefan Kanfer authored "Groucho: The Life and Times of Julius Henry Marx." Simon Louvish authored "Monkey Business: The Lives and Legends of the Marx Brothers."
    (SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)(AP, 8/19/97)(WSJ, 5/12/00, p.W8)(SFEC, 6/25/00, Par p.16)

1977        Sep 11, Lou Ellen Burleigh (21) of Walnut Creek, Ca., went missing. Roger Kibbe was later identified as a suspect confessed to her rape and murder. In 2009 Kibbe, who had become known as the I-5 strangler, was convicted of her murder and that of 5 others. In 2011 remains of Burleigh were found in a dry riverbed near lake Berryessa.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.C6)

1977        Oct 12, US Supreme Court heard arguments in the "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke (35), a white student denied admission to U of California Med School.

1977        Dec, In California Richard Phillips of Orange County murdered contractor Bruce Bartulis in Madera County. Phillips had enlisted Bartulis and another contractor in a plot to smuggle cocaine and provide stolen insulation and was convicted of murder in 1980. In 2013 the US Supreme Court refused to reinstate a death sentence against Phillips (63).
    (SFC, 4/30/13, p.C2)

1977        The US federal government ordered General Electric to dismantle its nuclear reactor in Pleasanton, Ca. Nuclear fuel research continued.
    (SFC, 12/25/03, p.A8)
1977        California banned the pesticide DBCP after men working at a San Joaquin County chemical plant were found to be sterile. In 1979 the US EPA prohibited the use of DBCP nationwide, but export remained legal.
    (SFC, 9/25/08, p.B3)
1977        Rose Ann Vuich became California’s 1st female state senator.
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, p.E1)
1977        The Teamsters Union under Frank Fitzsimmons gave up their efforts to sign up California farm field workers and accepted the UFW Union as the union for field workers.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.6)
1977        In Eureka Eric Hollenbeck acquired the old 1904 condemned power plant and started a logging and sawmill business with $300. He began gathering old logging and woodworking tools and developed what came to be the Blue Ox Museum. He later took on at-risk students and planned a campus for 100 students by fall, 2001.
    (SFEC, 7/30/00, p.C10)
1977        Gene Benedetti (1919-2006) purchased the Petaluma Cooperative Creamery in northern California and turned it into Clover Stornetta Farms Inc. He and Lee Levinger hatched the idea for Clo the Cow, an advertising mascot.
    (SFC, 1/14/06, p.B5)
1977        Bill Niman (32) and Orville Schell purchased 200 acres in Bolinas, Ca., to run cattle, starting their Niman-Schell ranch. They operated under the assumption that meat could be raised naturally, humanely and sustainably. The partners split in 1997 and the business became known as the Niman Ranch. In 2007 Hilco became the chief investor and in 2009 Niman withdrew from the operations, which never turned a profit.
    (SSFC, 2/22/09, p.A1)
1977        The famous 400-year-old Jeffrey pine on Sentinel Dome in Yosemite, Ca., died due to a severe drought. In 2003 the tree collapsed.
    (SFC, 8/19/03, p.A1)
1977        In California the Marble Cone fire burned 177,866 acres of trees and brush.
    (SFC, 9/20/99, p.A22)

1978        Jan 31, Cesar Chavez officially ended the United Farm Workers’ boycott of table grapes, lettuce and wine.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.E4)

1978        Apr 9, David Leslie Murtishaw (24) murdered three film students, James Lee Henderson (24), Martha Bernice Soto (22) and Ingrid M. Etayo (22), in the Mohave Desert. Murtishaw was convicted and sentenced to death in 1979. He died in 2011 while on death row at San Quentin.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.C3)(http://tinyurl.com/7kb9mrx)

1978        May 15, The US Supreme Court’s Santa Clara Pueblo vs. Martinez decision held that tribal enrollment issues are an Indian-only matter immune from outside interference.
    (SSFC, 4/20/08, p.A11)(http://supreme.justia.com/us/436/49/)

1978        May 24, Gov. Jerry Brown appointed Margaret J. Kemp (R) as judge of the Municipal Court in South San Francisco. She became the 1st female judge in San Mateo County.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.E8)

1978        Jun 6, California voters overwhelmingly approved Proposition 13, the Jarvis-Gann amendment, a primary ballot initiative calling for major cuts in property taxes. It cut property taxes by 57%. It limited the taxing abilities of local governments and many city services were reduced as a result. Key fiscal responsibilities were shifted from counties to the state. Proposition 13 capped the increase in a home's taxable value at 2 percent a year until it is sold. It also limits a homeowners property tax to 1 percent of market value.
    (AP, 6/6/97)(SFEC, 2/22/98, Z1 p.3)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(AP, 7/3/05)
1978        Jun 6, California voters approved a state constitutional amendment prohibiting any administrative agency from declaring a state law unconstitutional.
    (SSFC, 5/23/04, p.B5)

1978        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court ordered the medical school at the University of California at Davis to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who argued he had been a victim of reverse racial discrimination. The US court’s Bakke decision allowed universities to consider race in their decisions only if other factors were equal. This was raised as an issue of reverse discrimination. Justice Lewis Powell broke a 4-4 tie with the formulation that Davis’ program was unconstitutional, but that colleges and universities could still use race as one of several factors to create a diverse student body.
    (WSJ, 7/18/96, p.A10)(AP, 6/28/97)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.A16)

1978        Jul-Aug, In Shasta County Darrell Rich of Cottonwood killed 3 women, Annette Edwards, Patricia Moore and Linda Slavik and an 11-year-old girl, Annette Selix. Rich threw Selix from a 105-foot bridge. He was convicted and sentenced to die in 1981. In 2000 the US Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal based on mental disorder. Rich ran out of appeals in 2000.
    (SFC, 1/11/00, p.A4)(SFC, 3/7/00, p.A3)

1978        Aug 9, A California statewide Teamsters warehouse workers strike began.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)

1978        Aug 31, Emily and William Harris, founding members of the SLA, pleaded guilty to 4 charges related to the 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst. On Oct 4 they were sentenced to prison terms.
    (SFC, 10/3/03, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbionese_Liberation_Army)

1978        Sep 6, In California a fire destroyed the 4,000-foot-long Island Mountain tunnel of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, Z1 p.1)(www.trainorders.com/discussion/read.php?11,929824)

1978        Sep 11, Kippi Vaught and Rhonda Scheffler (17) were kidnapped from a shopping mall in Sacramento. Their bodies were found 2 days later east of town. Gerald Gallego (b.1946) and accomplice Charlene Williams (24) began a rape and murder spree that left 9 women and one young man dead. Williams served 17 years in prison. Gallego was sentenced to death but was still alive with appeals.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/gallego.htm)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1978        Sep 25, In Calif. 144 people were killed when a Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) Boeing 727 and a Cessna private plane collided over San Diego.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(AP, 9/25/97)

1978        Sep 28, Rosemary Cobbs (26), a graduate student at USC in Los Angeles, was beaten and shot to death by Stevie Lamar Fields (22). Williams had been out of prison for just 2 weeks when he went on a 3-week crime spree. In 2007 a federal appeals court reinstated his death sentence.
    (SFC, 9/11/07, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/2osxw8)

1978        Sep 29, Mary Vincent (15), was raped, maimed and left for dead in a canyon near Modesto, Ca. She lived and identified Lawrence Singleton as her assailant. He was convicted but released after serving 8 years of a 14 year sentence. In 1997 he was arrested for the murder of woman, Roxanne Hayes, a prostitute, in Tampa, Florida. A trial in Dec 1997 ended in a mistrial and another was set for 1998. He was sentenced to death in 1998, but died of cancer in 2001 in a Florida prison hospital.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A1,11)(SFC,12/11/97, p.A3)(SFC, 2/9/98, p.A22)(SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)

1978        Nov 7, California voters approved Proposition 7, a Briggs initiative, which greatly expanded the kinds of cases in which the death penalty could be imposed. By 2003 the prison population was 159,390 with and annual budget of $5.3 billion. Proposition 6, a Briggs initiative calling to prevent gays and lesbians from teaching in public schools, was defeated.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.A21)(www.rosebirdprocon.org/pop/DeathPen.htm)

1978        Nov 8, Jerry Brown was re-elected as governor of California. Republican Mike Curb was elected Lt. Gov. State voters rejected restrictions on gay and lesbian teachers in the 1st statewide plebiscite on such an issue.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.E3)
1978        Nov 8, Voters approved Prop. 8. It allowed lower assessments for property tax reductions for homeowners during periods of lower values, and increases during periods of higher values.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A1)

1978        Nov 11, In southern California Rhonda Wicht (24), a waitress and cosmetology student, was beaten raped and strangled. An intruder also smothered to death her son (4). Craig Coley, her ex-husband, was convicted in a 2nd trial in 1980 and served 38 years in prison before he was freed on the basis of DNA evidence. The California Victim Compensation Board awarded Coley $1.9 million, the highest ever paid to an exonerated California prisoner.
    (SFC, 5/1/18, p.A10)

1978        Nov 18, In Jonestown, Guyana, California Rep. Leo J. Ryan and four other people, investigating the Jim Jones cult, were killed by members of the Peoples Temple. Greg Robinson, a SF Examiner photographer, Don Harris, NBC correspondent, Bob Brown, NBC cameraman, and Patricia Parks, a temple defector, were shot dead. Congressional aide Jackie Speier survived 5 bullets. The killings were followed by a night of mass murder and suicide. 918 people died at Jonestown, including 260 children. In 1982 John Jacobs and Tim Reiterman authored "Raven: The Untold Story of the Rev. Jim Jones and His People." In 2010 Laura Johnston Kohl authored “Jonestown Survivor: An Insider’s Look." In 2011 survivors unveiled a memorial at Evergreen Cemetery in Oakland, Ca., with the names of all the dead.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Jones)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.22)(AP, 11/18/97)(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A18)(SFC, 5/25/00, p.C2)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/4ync97m)(SFC, 5/30/11, p.C1)

1978        Dec 1, The new Antioch Bridge was dedicated and named after Senator John Nejedly of Contra Costa County. In 1998 about 10,000 vehicles crossed it each day.
    (SFC, 2/2/98, p.A16)

1978        Dec 15, The California Supreme Court ruled that a huge, illuminated cross on the LA City Hall, displayed during Christmas and Easter, violated a state ban of governmental support of religion.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.E2)

1978        Dec 22, California Highway Patrol Officer Roy Blecher (50) and William Freeman (35) were shot to death with their own guns while patrolling on I-80 in West Sacramento. Luis Rodriguez (23) and Margaret Klaess (19) were charged with the murders. Klaess pleaded guilty to a lesser charge and served 3 years in prison. Rodriguez (d.2016) was sentenced to life in prison.
    (www.odmp.org/officer/1941-officer-roy-p-blecher)(SFC, 4/16/16, p.C4)

1978        Dec 31, John McFall (1918-2006), an 11-term California Democrat, resigned from the US House of Representatives. In October the House had reprimanded him and 2 other California Democratic colleagues, Edward Roybal and Charles Wilson, for the questionable handling of money donated by South Korean businessman Tongsun Park.
    (SFC, 3/15/06, p.B7)

1978        Richard Crews, a Harvard-trained California physician, founded the Columbia Pacific University in Novato. The school was ordered to close in 1997 but continued to operate under appeal.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A21)
1978        In southern California Colossus, the world’s tallest and fastest roller coaster, opened at magic Mountain, Santa Clarita. In closed in 2014 for conversion to a modernized wood and steel coaster.
    (SFC, 9/9/14, p.A5)
1978        Safari West began as a private wildlife sanctuary for breeding, education and research. In 1989 Peter Nancy Lang bought the 400-acre Sonoma, Ca., property and later introduced tours and small-group excursions.
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, p.T4)
1978        John Metzer started Metzer’s Farms in the Gabilan foothills of Salinas, Ca. He initially sold balut eggs, partially incubated duck eggs with fully formed embryos.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A17)
1978        Esther Wong (1917-2005) began featuring punk rock music at her restaurant in LA’s Chinatown and Santa Monica. Madame Wong’s in LA closed in 1985, but her Madame Wong’s West in Santa Monica continued operating until 1991.
    (SFC, 8/17/05, p.B7)
1978        California-based Mervyns department store chain merged with Dayton Hudson Corp. (later Target Corp.).
    (WSJ, 9/4/08, p.B6)
1978        Gold was discovered in Lake County, Ca., and Homestake Mining established its open pit McLaughlin Mine. Ore ran out in 2002.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.A13)
1978        Hundreds of fish near Iron Mountain, Ca., died from mine pollutants.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1978        California’s Shasta Ski Bowl was closed after an avalanche destroyed the main ski lift.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A21)
1978        In California elk were reintroduced to Tomales Point with a herd of 10.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.C1)
1978        Amy Sue Seitz (2) was kidnapped, raped, mutilated with pliers and murdered by Theodore Frank in Ventura County, Ca. His diaries noted molestations over 20 years. Frank was sentenced to death twice but died in prison of a heart attack in 2001.
    (SFC, 9/7/01, p.A26)

1979        Jan 12, Kenneth Bianchi, LA's Hillside Strangler, was arrested in Bellingham, Wa. He and his cousin Angelo Buono (d.2002 at 67) sexually assaulted and murdered as many as 13 young women (12-28) in 1977-1978, and dumping their bodies on LA-area hillsides. Bianchi testified against Buono to escape the death penalty. Buono was convicted on 9 of 10 murder counts and was sentenced to life in prison
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A7)(SFC, 10/1/02, p.A17)

1979        Jan 17, Gov. Brown named  former Congresswoman Yvonne Brathwaite Burke to the California Board of Regents. She was the 1st black person ever appointed to the board.
    (SFC, 1/16/04, p.E5)

1979        Jan 29, Brenda Spencer (b.1962), a teenager in San Diego, shot up an elementary school, killing 2 people and wounding 9. She told police she did it because, "I don’t like Mondays."
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brenda_Ann_Spencer)

1979        cJan, Farm workers in California began a mass walkout in the UFW supported great lettuce strike.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.34)

1979        Feb 1, Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst, whose prison sentence for bank robbery had been commuted by President Jimmy Carter, left a federal prison at Pleasanton near SF.
    (AP, 2/1/99)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)
1979        Feb 1, Julia Woodward (21) left her family's California home to go job hunting in Nevada. Two months later her body was found in a canyon in Hungry Valley, about 20 miles north of Reno.
    (ABC News, 11/17/19)

1979        Feb 10, Rufino Contreras (28) was shot and killed by ranch guards at the ranch of Mario Saikhon. His family had worked on the ranch for years and he was entering to confront strikebreakers.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.35)

1979        Mar 8, Cesar Chavez led some 5,000 striking farmworkers on a march through the streets of Salinas, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/05/04, p.E8)

1979        Mar 28, Michelle Triola Marvin lost her palimony suit against actor Lee Marvin. She had sought half of $3.6 million that Marvin earned during their 1964-1970 relationship. A judge awarded her $104,000 so that she could learn new job skills. In 1981 a California State Court of Appeal rescinded the award.
    (SFC, 1/1/09, p.B5)(http://law.jrank.org/pages/3295/Marvin-V-Marvin-Palimony-Suit-1979.html)

1979        Mar 29, Larry Singleton was convicted by a San Diego jury on multiple counts for the 1978 rape and mutilation of Mary Vincent. He was sentenced to 14 years in prison. He was paroled in 1987.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)

1979        Apr 9, The 51st Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in LA. "Deer Hunter" won as the best film. Jon Voight won as best actor in “Coming Home." Jane Fonda won as best actress in “Coming Home." Lacy J. Dalton won the Academy of Country Music’s Best New Female Vocalist Award.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/51st_Academy_Awards)(SFC, 7/7/96, DB p.28)(SFC, 3/20/02, p.D1)

1979        May 1, May Day groundbreaking ceremonies were held at the 22-acre Candlestick Point State Recreation Area in SF, the state's 1st urban state park.
    (SFC, 4/30/04, p.F5)

1979        May 19, The Regents of the Univ. of California asked General Motors to stop doing business with the police and military forces in South Africa.
    (SFC, 5/14/04, p.F5)

1979        Jun 20, Robin Samsoe (12) was kidnapped in Huntington Beach, Ca. Her dismembered and decomposing body was found 12 days later in the Angeles National Forest. Rodney Alcala was arrested and convicted of the slaying in 1980, but the sentence was overturned. He was convicted again in 1986 but a judge faulted the ruling in 2005 and a retrial was scheduled. Alcala pleaded innocent to 4 other sex-torture killings that dated back to 1977.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.B3)(www.kleph.com/story/ruling.htm)

1979        Jun 24, Brenda Lynn Judd and Sandra Colley were kidnapped in Reno, Nevada, by Gerald Gallego (b.1946) and Charlene Williams. The bodies of Judd (14) and Colley (13) were found in Dec 1999 in Lassen Ct., Ca. Gallego died in 2002 at age 56.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/gallego.htm)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)(SFC, 12/4/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A15)

1979        Aug 6, An earthquake centered near Gilroy was measured at 5.7.
    (SFC, 8/6/04, p.F2)

1979        Aug 27, California’s West Coast Farms agreed to a 3-year pattern contract with the United Farm Workers raising the minimum hourly wage.
    (SFC, 8/27/04, p.F2)

1979        Sep 1, A Los Angeles court ordered Clayton Moore (1914-1999), born as Jack Carlton Moore,  to stop wearing the Lone Ranger mask.

1979        Sep 3, Steven Burns, graduate of St. Ignatius High School, shot and killed Catina Salarno, his former girl friend at the Univ. of the Pacific in Stockton. It was her first day of college. He was sentenced to 17 years in prison with parole eligible after 8 years.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, Z1 p.1)

1979        Sep 17, Gov. Jerry Brown appointed Steven Lachs as California's 1st admittedly gay judge.

1979        Nov 3, John McGinest, a drug dealer, was killed by a shotgun blast in Long Beach, Ca. Thomas Goldstein (30), a college student who lived nearby, was convicted of the murder following the testimony of Eddy Fink, a jailhouse informant coached by police. Goldstein was freed in 2004 after judges on an appeal panel concluded he was wrongly convicted. In 2010 Goldstein settled for a $7.95 million payment.
    (SFC, 4/15/08, p.A4)(SFC, 8/13/10, p.C4)

1979        Don E. Fehrenbacher, Stanford history professor, published "The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics."
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C16)

1979        The Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) was founded. Its downtown location at 250 Grand St. opened in 1986.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_of_Contemporary_Art,_Los_Angeles)(Econ, 1/4/14, p.65)
1979        Construction began in the Lompoc Valley for a $3.5 billion space shuttle port at Vandenberg Air Base. It was finished in 1986 but never used. In 1992 the Air Force turned it over to NASA, which sold it to Spaceport Systems Int’l.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B7)
1979        The first Gilroy Garlic Festival was held. It was founded by Rudolph Melone (d,1998 at 73), president of Gavilan Community College, after he read about the garlic festival in Arleux, France, which proclaimed itself the "Garlic Capital of the World." In 1986 Richard Nicholls (1944-2005) took over as executive director.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A24)(SSFC, 6/19/05, p.A24)
1979        The Los Angeles Angels, owned by Gene Autry, won their first divisional championship.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A14)
1979        The California state park system purchased land from Irvine, Ca., for $32.3 million, which became the Crystal Cove State Park.
    (SSFC, 6/4/06, p.G7)
1979        In northern California the town of Paradise was incorporated. A settler reportedly named the town in 1864 at the end of a hot and dusty day of travel.
    (SSFC, 11/11/18, p.A14)
1979        California repealed a law requiring sterilization of those deemed unfit for having children. The state had sterilized more than 20,000 people before the law was repealed.
    (SFC, 7/8/21, p.A5)
1979        The US Geological Survey installed an array of seismic monitors in the Geysers region of northern California. Since 1960 small earthquakes in the region had increased due to geothermal development.
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.A1)
1979        Boris Naumoff, owner of a Twin Peaks liquor store in SF, was murdered. Robert Massie was convicted but the ruling was overturned in 1985. He was sentenced to death for the murder in 1989. He was dubbed "The Killer Who Wants to Die," for requesting his death, but changed his mind. He was also once on death row for a 1965 murder of a San Gabriel woman, but was paroled in 1978, when the state’s death penalty law was struck down. His death sentence was upheld in 1998.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A20)
1979        In California the Fritz Underground Winery was dug into a remote hillside of Dry Creek Valley on the edge of Cloverdale. Jay and Barbara Fritz had purchased their 112-acre property in 1970 as a weekend retreat.
    (SSFC, 11/8/09, p.M4)

1980        Jan 23, A rolling earthquake hit northern California and measured 5.5 in Contra Costa. It destroyed 25,000 gallons of wine at the Livermore winery of Wente Brothers. A leak of radioactive tritium was reported from the weapons lab at Livermore.
    (SFC, 1/21/05, p.F2)

1980        Feb 13, David Janssen, television and film actor, died in Malibu, California, from a heart attack. He was born as David Harold Meyer on March 27, 1931 in Naponee, Nebraska. He is best known for his starring role as Dr. Richard Kimble in the hit television series “The Fugitive" (1963–1967).

1980        Mar 5, The California coast Channel Islands National Park was established. It included San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacapa and Santa Barbara. Complete protection was completed by 1997.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, Z1 p.1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_Islands_National_Park)

1980        Mar, Steven Stayner, kidnapped in 1972 and sexually abused for 7 years by Kenneth Parnell, escaped and was reunited with his family. A 1989 NBC miniseries "I Know My First Name Is Steven" told his story. He was killed in a motorcycle crash in 1989.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A13)(SFC, 7/29/99, p.A7)

1980        Apr 22, California health officials released a report documenting a high incidence of malignant melanoma at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.
    (SFC, 4/22/05, p.F2)

1980        Apr, Karen Twiggs and Stacey Redican of Citrus Heights, both 17, disappeared from a mall near Sacramento. They were found dead from beatings 3 months later near Lovelock, Nev. Gerald Gallego, the "sex slave killer,"  was later arrested, charged and convicted for the murders. His sentence was overturned in 1997 because of misleading jury instructions. He was still imprisoned for other murders.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.A24)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1980        May 25, A pair of earthquakes, measuring 6 on the Richter scale, struck near Mammoth Lakes, Ca.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.F3)

1980        May 26, Stephen Wayne Anderson (26) shot and killed Elizabeth Lyman (81) during a robbery in her home. Anderson was convicted and sentenced to death. He spent years on death row and wrote a number of award-winning plays, books and poems. H was executed for Jan 29, 2002.
    (SSFC, 1/27/02, p.A3)(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A13)

1980        Jun 2, The California State Senate voted 30-0 to pass a bill prohibiting the destruction of any pet through instructions left in an owner’s will.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.F5)
1980        Jun 2, The California State Fish and Game Commission approved a captive-breeding plan to save the vanishing California condor from extinction.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.F5)

1980        Jun 7, Linda Aguilar (21) was kidnapped by Gerald Gallego and Charlene Williams. Her body was found 2 weeks later in Gold Beach, Ore.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1980        Jun 9, Comedian Richard Pryor suffered almost fatal burns at his San Fernando Valley, Calif., home when a mixture of "free-base" cocaine exploded.
    (AP, 6/9/97)

1980        Jun 17, Gov. Jerry Brown signed legislation to save the dog Sido, who was condemned to die in his owner’s will.
    (SFC, 6/17/05, p.F2)

1980        Jun 24, Angela Davis, Communist party vice presidential candidate, launched her drive to get 102,00 signatures to get her party on the November ballot in California.
    (SFC, 6/24/05, p.F2)

1980        Jul 17, Virginia Mochel (34) of West Sacramento was kidnapped by Gerald Gallego and Charlene Williams. Her body was later found in nearby Clarksburg (Yolo County).
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1980        Aug 10, Melvin Carter, serial rapist, was arrested in Palo Alto after terrorizing more than 100 women. He was freed in 1997.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A13)

1980        Aug 26, California state officials place all of Santa Clara Valley under quarantine due to the Mediterranean fruit fly invasion.
    (SFC, 8/26/05, p.F2)

1980        Aug 27, Homestake Mining of San Francisco announced the discovery of a gold deposit, valued at $630 million, in Napa County, north of Lake Berryessa.
    (SFC, 8/26/05, p.F2)

1980        Aug, Fernando Caro (30) shot and killed Mary Booher (15) and Mark Hatcher (15) as they were riding their bicycles in Fresno Ct. Caro shot and wounded another 2 men later that night. Caro was sentenced to death for the murders. A 1999 appeals court ruled that possible brain damage in Caro, from pesticides and head beatings, should been investigated. The appeal was upheld in 2002.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A5)

1980        Sep 5, In Fresno, Ca., Billy Ray Hamilton and his girlfriend Connie Barbo killed Bryon Schletewitz (27), Josephine Rocha (17) and Douglas White (18), employees at Fran’s Market, on directions from Clarence Ray Allen. Allen, incarcerated at Folsom Prison for murder, had ordered the murder of Schletewitz for testifying against him during his 1997 trial for the murder of Mary Sue Kitts (17). Clarence Ray Allen (76) was executed by lethal injection on January 17, 2006 at San Quentin State Prison in California.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/13/06, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarence_Ray_Allen)

1980        Sep 26, The California state Water Resources Control Board released a plan for safeguarding Lake Tahoe by barring development on 7,100 lots.
    (SFC, 9/23/05, p.F3)

1980        Oct 23, The California Supreme Court upheld the state’s death penalty.
    (SFC, 10/21/05, p.F6)

1980        Oct 28, Susan Jordan (15) of Riverside, Ca., was raped and murdered by Albert Greenwood Brown. In 2010 Brown (56) was scheduled to be executed.

1980        Oct 29, It was reported that some 70 California hospitals had received marijuana cigarettes from the federal government to launch a 4-year test on the drug’s anti-nausea effects in cancer patients.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.F2)

1980        Nov 21, In California Michael Morganti (20) of Clovis, a partially disabled man, was buried alive to cover up a $500 burglary committed by David Weidert (17). In 1984 a life sentence for Weidert was reduced to 25 years to life. In 2015 Gov. Jerry Brown blocked parole for Weidert.
    (http://law.justia.com/cases/california/supreme-court/3d/39/836.html)(SSFC, 6/28/15, p.A10)

1980        Nov 2, Mary-Beth Sowers and Craig Miller disappeared from a Sacramento mall. They were later found shot to death. Gerald Gallego, the "sex slave killer," was later arrested, charged and convicted for the murders.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.A24)

1980        Nov 13, Lee Taylor (46) of Bellflower, Ca., was killed when his rocket-powered boat broke up during a test run on Lake Tahoe.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.B7)(www.lesliefield.com/personalities/lee_taylor_tributes.htm)

1980        Nov 16, In California a rock slide near Yosemite Falls killed at least 3 people and injured 6 others.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.F2)

1980        Nov 17, Gerald Gallego and Charlene Williams were arrested in Omaha, Nebraska on murder charges for crimes in Nevada and California.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1980        Dec 1, SF Assemblyman Willie Brown was elected speaker of the California Assembly.
    (SFC, 11/25/05, p.F2)

1980        Dec 19, Pres. Jimmy Carter signed legislation to protect Lake Tahoe.
    (SFC, 12/16/05, p.F2)
1980        Dec 19, James Milton Allen was shot and killed in Sacramento by addicts ransacking his home. Donald Cronk was later convicted and sentenced to life.
    (SFC, 1/6/03, p.A1)

1980        Dec 20, John Riggins (18), a freshman at UC Davis and Sabrina Gonsalves (18) went missing. Their bodies were found 2 days later with their throats slit. The case went cold but was picked up by reporter Joel Davis in 2000. His efforts led to a cold DNA hit in 2002 that implicated Richard Hirschfield, a suspected child molester. In 2005 Joel Davis authored “Justice Waits."
    (www.justicewaits.com)(SFCM, 3/26/06, p.7)

1980        Dec 21, It was reported that the deadly red tide had given Northern California one of its worst seasons of paralytic shellfish poisoning in years.
    (SFC, 12/16/05, p.F2)

1980        Dec 22, Ben Weingart (b.1887), a multimillionaire philanthropist, died. He and 2 partners had developed the city of Lakewood, north of Long Beach, Ca. On June 6, 1951, Ben Weingart and his wife Stella established The B.W. Foundation as a non-profit California corporation. The name was changed to the Weingart Foundation in April, 1978.
    (SFC, 2/24/10, p.C5)(www.weingartfnd.org/default.asp?PID=6)

1980        Dec 23, California Attorney Gen. George Deukmajian filed a petition to change the terms of the Buck Charitable Trust that gives $20 million a year to Marin organizations. The petition argued that other counties were more in need of the money.
    (SFC, 12/23/05, p.F2)   

1980        Dec 24, California Gov. Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency in Alameda and Santa Clara counties because of the Mediterranean fruit fly infestation.
    (SFC, 12/23/05, p.F2)

1980        John Weaver (d.2002) authored "Los Angeles: The Enormous Village."
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.A25)

1980        PBS aired the documentary “The Battle of Westlands" co-produced by Carol MonPere (1934-2006). It highlighted the struggle of family farms in the Central Valley of California as large agricultural corporations moved in.
    (SFC, 4/4/06, p.B5)

1980        The Crystal Cathedral, designed by Philip Johnson, was completed in Garden Grove, Orange County, Ca., at a final cost of $17 million. The church originally began in 1955 as the Garden Grove Community Church under the Reverend Robert H. Schuller and his wife, Arvella. In 2009 the church under financial turmoil planned to sell $65 million of its Orange county property to pay off debt.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, p.B4)
1980        Eli Broad co-founded MOCA, the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art (1980).
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.78)
1980        A California state law, section 987(a) of the Civil Code, was passed that made it a crime to alter, deface or destroy a work of fine art in that it was detrimental to the artist’s reputation.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A18)
1980        California lawmakers approved the construction of a Peripheral Canal to siphon water from the Sacramento River to the California Aqueduct. Voters rejected the idea in 1982.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1980        In Daly City PG&E workers first complained to the US EPA about chemicals uncovered during construction at the Martin Service Center.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A14)
1980        California voters approved a constitutional amendment (Shield Law) to protect journalists from being held in contempt for refusing to disclose unpublished information or a confidential news source.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A1)
1980        A California 1918 state law, that granted women and children time-and-a-half for working over 8 hours and double time for work over 12 hours, was extended to include men.
    (SFC, 1/7/98, p.A19)
1980        Robert Graham, a California millionaire, opened a sperm bank, The Repository for Germinal Choice, to make sperm available from Nobel laureate types. It closed in 1999 after yielding 215 children. In 2005 David Plotz authored “The Genius Factory: The Curious History of the Nobel Prize Sperm Bank."
    (SSFC, 6/12/05, p.B6)(WSJ, 7/5/05, p.D7)
1980        The five 60-foot radio astronomy dishes at Stanford Univ., Ca., went idle.
    (SSFC, 8/14/05, p.A19)
1980         In California Ellen Strauss (d.2001 at 75) and Phyllis Faber founded the Marin Agricultural Land Trust to prevent urban sprawl. It was the 1st private, non-profit organization of its kind in the US. It bought development rights from farmers but allowed the farmers to continue working their farms and passing them on to heirs as long as the land remained agricultural.
    (SFC, 12/3/02, p.A21)
1980        Donald Kennedy (b.1931) was appointed president of Stanford Univ. after serving for a time as head of the FDA (1977-1979). He resigned in 1992 in the wake of accusations that the Univ. had padded its accounts and received extra government money. In 1997 he published "Academic Duty," in which he proposed a number of hypothetical situations to explore conflicts.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, BR p.6)(www.stanford.edu/home/stanford/history/leader.html#Kennedy)
1980        A 53-acre facility for recycling was opened in San Leandro, Ca. In 1996 it brought in $ 3 mil. of new sorting equipment and was the state’s largest recycling facility.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A22)
1980        The Channel Islands National Park, off the California coast at Ventura, was established. It included San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacapa and Santa Barbara and totaled 250,000 acres. Complete protection was completed by 1997.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, Z1 p.1)(SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T11)
1980        Blufford Hayes Jr. killed Vinod Patel, a motel manager in Stockton, Ca., during a robbery that netted $23 and some cigarettes. Hayes was convicted and sentenced to death. The sentence was upheld by a federal appeals court in 2002.
    (SFC, 8/27/02, p.A4)

1981        Jan 6, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown led some 500 fruit pickers in Santa Clara County to help strip backyard fruit in the campaign against the Mediterranean fruit fly.
    (SFC, 1/6/06, p.F2)

1981        Jan 8, Resorts around Lake Tahoe offered limited skiing and businesses suffered from a late start in the skiing season. It was the latest start since the 1976-77 drought.
    (SFC, 1/6/06, p.F2)
1981        Jan 8, Terri Winchell (17) was beaten, raped and stabbed to death in San Joaquin County, Ca. Michael Morales (31) was convicted in the murder and was slated for execution in 2006. Morales said he was enlisted by his cousin, Ricky Ortega, who had learned that Winchell was having an affair with Ortega’s male lover. Morales' original execution date of February 21, 2006, was postponed as a result of two court-appointed anesthesiologists withdrawing from the procedure.
    (SFC, 1/28/06, p.B2)(SFC, 2/7/06, p.B3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Morales)

1981        Jan, In northern California Kevin Thorp (21) and Laura Craig (20) were kidnapped by three men in Lassen County. Over the next few days they were both shot and killed. Norman Thomas later testified against Joseph Shelton and Benjamin Wai Silva.
    (SFC, 8/13/15, p.D4)

1981        Mar 15, Steacy McConnell (19) died following a robbery in Victor, just east of Lodi, Ca. Fernando Belmontes (19) had hit her 15-20 times with an iron dumbbell. In 2006 the US Supreme Court reinstated his death sentence. An appeals court then ruled that Belmontes’ lawyer had represented him incompetently. In 2009 the US supreme Court upheld the death sentence.
    (SFC, 11/14/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.C6)(www.cjlf.org/releases/06-18.htm)

1981        Mar 29, In northern California Ellen Hansen (20), a UC Davis student, was shot to death after resisting a rape attempt at Henry Cowell Redwood State Park, near Santa Cruz. Her boyfriend was wounded but survived and later identified David Joseph Carpenter as the assailant. Carpenter was arrested in May 1981. In 1984 he was convicted of 2 murders in Santa Cruz and sentenced to death. In 1988 he was convicted of 4 killings in Marin County and again sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 2/24/10, p.A7)

1981        Mar 31, The 53rd Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, one day after the attempted assassination of Pres. Reagan.
    (SFC, 3/21/02, p.D1)

1981        Apr 11, Glenna Sharp (36), her 2 children John (15) and Tina (13), and friend Dana Wingate (17), were brutally slain in cabin #28 of the Keddie Resort in Plumas County.
    (SSFC, 6/10/01, p.A21)

1981        Apr 30, William Eugene Cox and Annika Oestberg Deasy (27) robbed and killed Joseph Torre (58), a restaurant owner, in Stockton, Ca. A few days later they killed Sgt. Richard Helbush and stole his patrol car. They were both caught and sentenced to long jail terms. Cox later hanged himself in jail. In 1999 Sweden called for the transfer of Deasy to Sweden under the 1983 Strasbourg Treaty, which provided for prisoner transfers. In 2009 a Swedish court ruled that Annika Ostberg (55) would be released in 2011.
    (SFC, 11/9/99, p.A13)(AP, 11/16/09)

1981        May 2, In California Joseph Azevedo (50) was found shot dead at his mobile home in Lancaster, LA County. On Nov 6, 2010, suspect David Winter (55), a long-haul truck driver, was arrested in Ohio.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4ekecdj)(SFC, 1/10/11, p.A4)

1981        May 18, William Saroyan (b.1908), American writer, died in Fresno, Ca. He wrote some 60 books that included: "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze" (1934), "The Human Comedy," which became a 1943 film, and the 1939 play "The Time of Your Life."
    (HFA, ‘96, p.36)(SFC, 5/23/96, p.A1)(WUD, 1994, p.1269)(HN, 8/31/00)(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A11)

1981        Jun 5, The US Federal Centers for Disease Control published the first report of a mysterious outbreak of a sometimes fatal pneumonia among gay men. Dr. Michael Gottlieb of UCLA and Dr. Joel Weisman (1943-2009) reported 5 cases of a rare pneumonia among gay men in LA. The disease was initially called gay related immune deficiency (GRID). The syndrome was named Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in 1982. Within 10 years the disease killed 110,000 Americans. People infected with HIV came to be defined as having AIDS when their immune system became so weak that they got one of 26 specific illnesses including non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, pneumonia, brain infections and some other cancers.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.B2)(AP, 6/5/02)(SSFC, 6/4/06, p.A1)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.24)(SFC, 7/24/09, p.D5)

1981        Jun, Sylvia Edgren (48) of Monterey, Ca., was raped and murdered. In 2001 DNA evidence linked Michael Adams (44) to the murder.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A17)(https://coldhit.doj.ca.gov/dna/news5.htm)

1981        Jul 1, The "Wonderland Murders" took place at 4763 Wonderland in the Hollywood Hills. Ronald Launius, William Deverell, Barbara Richardson and Joy Miller were murdered. The killings were said to have occurred in retaliation for a drug robbery 2 nights earlier. Federal prosecutors unveiled in indictment in 2000 against Eddie Nash, a former nightclub owner, Gregory DeWitt Diles, his bodyguard, and porn star John Curtis Holmes. Holmes (d.1988) was later released. Holmes died in 1988 of an AIDS-related illness. In 2003 the film "Wonderland" starred Val Kilmer as Holmes.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, p.B5)(ST, 10/17/03, p.22H)

1981        Jul 2, In southern California Jeffrey Vargo (6) was last seen alive bicycling to a fireworks stand in Pomona. On March 27, 2015, Kenneth Rasmuson (53) of Idaho was arrested after DNA evidence linked him to the murder.
    (SFC, 3/30/15, p.A5)

1981        Jul 27, Adam Walsh (6) disappeared from a Hollywood mall. Fishermen discovered his severed head 2 weeks later in a canal 120 miles away. In 2008 police named Ottis Toole, who had died in prison in 1996, as the murderer. The Adam Walsh Act of 2006 obliged states to make their sex offender registries public.
    (SFC, 12/17/08, p.A7)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.9)

1981        Aug 27, Rene Soto clubbed to death Anselmo Covarrubias in LA County. Maria Suarez (21), a battered "sex slave" to Covarrubias and witness to the murder, was convicted of first-degree murder and sent to prison. In 2002 Gov. Davis rejected a recommended parole for Suarez. In 2003 Gov. Davis issued a parole. Suarez was released in 2004.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A20)(SFC, 6/22/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A12)(SFC, 5/26/04, p.A1)

1981        Sep 3, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a law making Martin Luther King’s birthday a state holiday. The legislation was the result of 4 years of efforts by students at Oakland Tech High School. 
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.E1)(http://tinyurl.com/5lc58v)

1981        Sep 12, Ginger Fleischli (20) was murdered in a Laguna Beach apartment shared by David Leitch and Thomas Thompson. Thompson was convicted of the murder and sentenced to death based on an added rape charge that was never proven. Evidence later showed that Leitch may have committed the murder. Thompson was executed at San Quentin Jul 14, 1998.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A1,16)(SFC, 7/14/98, p.A1)

1981        Nov 12, The Double Eagle V landed in California 84 hours and 31 minutes following its Nov 10 launch in Japan. It was the 1st balloon to cross the Pacific ocean. Rocky Aoki (1938-2008), founder of the Benihana steakhouse (1964), was part of the crew.
    (http://www.benihana.com/ballooning_history.asp)(SFC, 7/12/08, p.B5)

1981        Nov 16, Actor William Holden was found dead in his apartment in Santa Monica, Calif. He was 63.
    (AP, 11/1697)

1981        Nov 18, In Los Angeles Kazuyoshi Miura and his wife (28), visitors from Japan, were shot in a downtown parking lot. His wife went into a coma and later died in Japan. In 1985 Miura was arrested on suspicion of assaulting his wife for insurance money and in 1994 he was convicted of murder. In 1998 a Japanese high court overturned the sentence. In 2008 Miura was arrested in Saipan. He was extradited to the US and committed suicide by hanging on Oct 10, 4 days prior to arraignment on murder conspiracy charges. He was 61.
    (SSFC, 2/24/08, p.B3)(SFC, 10/15/08, p.B4)

1981        Nov 29, Actress Natalie Wood (b.1938) drowned off Santa Catalina, Calif. In 2001 Suzanne Finstad authored "Natasha: The Biography of Natalie Wood." In 2004 Gavin Lambert authored "Natalie Wood: A Life." In 2013 officials released a 10-page addendum to her autopsy. It cited unexplained bruises and scratches on her face and arms.
    (AP, 11/29/97)(SSFC, 7/22/01, DB p.62)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.M2)(SFC, 1/15/13, p.A4)

1981        Dec 15, In Garden Grove market owner Packawan Wattanaporn was found strangled to death and Quach Nguyen was stabbed to death. Jaturun Siripongs was later convicted for the crime and faced the death penalty in 1998. He admitted to the robbery but not the killings. A late restraining order on his execution was issued just before his execution pending a full hearing on a clemency issue. He was executed Feb 9.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A1,9)(SFC, 11/17/98, p.A1)(SFC, 2/9/99, p.A1)

1981        J.S. Holliday, director of the Oakland Museum, published "The World Rushed In," a history of the California Gold Rush. The journal of William Swain (d.1904 at age 83) was used as a basis.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.39)(SFC, 8/22/98, p.A13)(SFC, 8/27/98, p.A9)
1981        The Hurt Report, an on-scene investigation of 900 motorcycle accidents in Los Angeles (1976-1977) was published. Prof. Harry Hurt (1927-2009) served as the principal investigator.
    (SFC, 12/3/09, p.C4)

1981        The rock group Metallica was formed by Lars Ulrich and James Hetfield in the suburbs of LA.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, DB p.42)

1981        Lili Lakich and Richard Jenkins founded the Museum of Neon Art (MONA) in Los Angeles. 501 W. Olympic Blvd. www.neonmona.org
    (SFEC, 8/13/00, p.T6)
1981        The volunteer Northern California Book Reviewers (BABRA) group began a Northern California Book Awards program. Fred Cody, owner of Cody’s bookstore in Berkeley, was one of the co-founders.
    (SFC, 4/15/06, p.E3)
1981        Gov. Jerry Brown appointed Allen Broussard (1929-1996) to the state Supreme Court. He was the 2nd black jurist  following Wiley Manuel (d.1981). In 1982 Broussard was elected to a 12-year term.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.B4)
1981        The Tahoe Regional Planning Agency put a moratorium on new housing around the Lake Tahoe to maintain water quality.
    (SFC, 1/8/02, p.A3)
1981        In Los Angeles, Ca., Stanley "Tookie" Williams was convicted in the 1979 killing of 4 people and sentenced to death. The co-founder of the Crips street gang (1971), who denied the murders, took up writing for children while in prison and created the Internet Project for Street Peace. In 2000 a member of the Swiss parliament nominated him for the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize. A TV film on Williams, "Redemption," was scheduled to air in 2004. In 2005 he received a “President’s Call to Service Award."
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.C2)(SFC, 2/13/04, p.A25)(SFC, 8/6/05, p.A2)
1981        The Dollar company, personified in SF by the downtown Robert Dollar Building, was sold to the Daon Corp. of Vancouver.
    (SFC, 9/30/97, p.A21)
1981        Richard Ward (1950-2017) and David Graves founded the Saintsbury winery in the Carneros region of Napa Valley, Ca., where they pioneered the Napa Valley Pinot Noir.
    (SFC, 5/31/17, p.D3)
1981        Scharffenberger Cellars in Mendocino, Ca., was founded by John Scharffenberger. He sold the winery to Veuve Cliquot of France in 1996 and went into the chocolate business.
    (SFEM,10/26/97, p.21)
1981        There were some 63 dairy farms in Marin County, Ca., down from 200 in 1950.
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, p.D1)
1981        Erich Allyn Schmidt-Till  (18) was shot and killed in his Riverside, Ca., apartment during a drug robbery. In 1982 Lee Perry Farmer was convicted of the murder and sentenced to death. It was later revealed that Charles Huffman committed the murder. Huffman was convicted of burglary but acquitted for murder. Farmer was retried in 1999 and convicted on lesser charges.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A17)
1981        Jack Harris, developer and owner of large cattle ranches in Coalinga, Ca., died.
    (SFC, 8/22/03, p.A23)
1981        Ward F. Weaver Jr., a trucker from Oregon, clubbed to death a stranded motorist and raped and strangled the man’s fiancé before dumping her body in Oroville, Ca. Weaver was convicted and sentenced to 42 years in prison for another crime involving rape and murder.
    (SFC, 8/26/02, p.A3)
1981        Giorgio Beverly Hills, owned by Fred Hayman (1925-2016), introduced the signature fragrance Giorgio. Hayman’s life was later recounted in “Fred Hayman, The Extraordinary Difference: The Story of Rodeo Drive, Hollywood Glamour and the Showman Who Sold It All" (2011) by Rose Apodaca.
    (SSFC, 4/17/16, p.C9)

1981-1995    Patrick Aherne, northern California painter, created his work "Treod River," an 8-by-12-foot diptych, an accretion of small gestures and stuttering revisions.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.E1)

1982        Jan 3, A small plane crashed into the peak of White Mountain in northern California. Donnie Priest (10), the only survivor, was rescued 5 days later but lost both legs due to frostbite. His mother and stepfather were killed in the crash.
    (SSFC, 11/25/07, p.A1)

1982        Jan 6, Truck driver William G. Bonin was convicted in Los Angeles of being the "freeway killer" who had murdered 14 young men and boys.
    (AP, 1/6/02)

1982        Jan 25, In Stockton, Ca., Renee Rontal (13) and Nancy Rubia (13) were out looking for fun on a popular cruising strip when they were picked up by a 22-year-old Reyes and 21-year-old Antonio Espinoza. The next day a farm worker found Renee in a ditch outside town with her throat cut. Nancy was found nearby face down in shallow water, and an autopsy concluded that she died from drowning in the muddy water. Both girls had been beaten and raped. Espinoza was arrested a year and a half after the killing and was convicted of murder. On May 27, 2011, FBI agents and Mexican federal police arrested Alfredo Reyes (51) outside a pool hall in Tijuana, where he had been living under an alias.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

1982        Jan 28, In southern California Hampig Sassounian (19) and a companion shot and killed Kemal Arikan, Turkey’s consul general in Los Angeles. Sassounian was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison. His companion was not caught.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Sassounian)(SFC, 5/18/17, p.D1)

1982        Mar 5, John Belushi  (33), comedian (Sat Night Live), was found dead of a drug overdose at the Chateau Marmont on Sunset Strip, a rented bungalow in Hollywood.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(AP, 3/5/98)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0000004/)

1982        Mar 31, In California an avalanche at the Alpine Meadows ski resort killed 7 people. In 2009 Jennifer Woodlief authored “A Wall of White: The True Story of Heroism and Survival in the Face of a Deadly Avalanche."
    (http://tinyurl.com/7gjkf)(SFC, 2/27/09, p.F4)

1982        Apr 22, Robert Maurice Bloom (18) killed his father, stepmother and stepsister in a savage murder spree in southern California. He was convicted and sentenced to death until appellate attorneys uncovered documents that he was mentally ill and likely did not understand the consequences of his actions. Bloom was ordered released in 1997 pending a new trial.
    (SFC,12/25/97, p.A22)(http://tinyurl.com/34nse2)

1982        Jun, In California Prop. 8 passed with a 56% majority vote. It allowed prosecutors to introduce evidence from police searches that violated state law.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)

1982        Jul 2, Larry Walters (1949-1993), a Los Angeles truck driver, flew 16,000 feet into the air with 42 helium balloons attached to a lawn chair. Walters surprised an airline pilot, who radioed the control tower that he had just passed a guy in a lawn chair with a gun. The weapon was to shoot balloons and descend. Walters paid a $1,500 penalty for violating air traffic rules. Eleven years later, he committed suicide at age 44.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Walters)(SFC, 7/3/02, p.A17)(AP, 7/10/07)
1982      Jul 2, A bomb exploded in the hands of Prof. Diogenes Angelakos (d.1997 at 77) in Berkeley. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1982        Oct 19, Carmaker John DeLorean was arrested in Los Angeles and charged in a 24-million-dollar cocaine scheme aimed at salvaging his bankrupt sports car company.  He was tried and acquitted.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1982        Oct, Betty Ford, former first lady, founded the Betty Ford Center in Rancho Mirage for drug-treatment after admitting her own problems with substance abuse.
    (SFEC,12/797, Par p.2)

1982        Nov, Bill Honig was elected as the state superintendent of schools over incumbent Wilson Riles.
    (SFC, 4/3/99, p.A17)

1982        In southern California John Visciotti (26) shot and killed co-worker Timothy Dykstra (22) and wounded Michael Wolbert. Visciotti’s murder conviction was upheld but his death sentence was reversed due to a defense lawyer’s incompetence. In 2002 a penalty-phase retrial was ordered. The Supreme Court reinstated his death penalty.
    (SFC, 4/25/02, p.A6)(SFC, 11/5/02, p.A4)
1982        Robert F. Craig (d.2000 at 65), Greg Carmack and Jerry Hyde founded the West Hollywood gay magazine "Frontiers."
    (SFC, 5/5/00, p.D5)
1982        The Oakland Raiders football team under Al Davis moved to Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A24)
1982        USF played in the NCAA basketball tournament. Team members included Hal Perry, Bill Russell, and K.C. Jones.
    (SFC, 3/12/98, p.A1)
1982        "The Play," a five-lateral scramble was run by the Univ. of California football team.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.A19)
1982        Henry Mello (1924-2004), Ca. state senator from Watsonville, co-authored the Mello-Roos Act, a financing mechanism that allows localities or schools to impose an additional tax for a special purpose. He later became known as the “king of pork."
    (SFC, 9/8/04, p.B7)

1982        Sherman Block (d.1998 at 74) was appointed the Sheriff of LA County. He was the elected and served 4 terms.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.D2)
1982        The State Dept. of Agriculture set up the Pest Detection Emergency Protection division to combat the invasion of the Mediterranean fruit fly.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.D4)
1982        California law required car owners to get their vehicles' emissions systems inspected every other year.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1982        Voters rejected a statewide gun ban measure.
    (SFC, 5/27/97, p.A5)
1982        The 2nd trial of Juan Corona cost $5 million. He was convicted of killing 25 farmworkers.
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.A13)
1982        The California state governor’s mansion on the American River, built by the Reagan’s in 1967 for $1.3 million, was sold.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A25)(Econ, 2/25/06, p.34)

1982        The Redwood City Almanac, a weekly newspaper, was purchased by Bob Distefano (1934-1996). He served as the paper’s reporter, editor and publisher until he died.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A17)
1982        In Sonoma the Gloria Ferrer Champagne Caves opened. It was owned by the Spanish Freixenet S.A.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A12)
1982        A tailings dam at the closed Gambonini Mercury Mine near Tomales Bay broke and flooded nearby Walker Creek with mine tailings.
    (SFEC, 1/9/00, p.C10)
1982        The New Melones Dam on the Stanislaus River was completed.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A11)

1983        Feb 17, Denise Denofrio was found strangled to death in a car in Fairfield. Alan Hall was convicted in the case of voluntary manslaughter in July. In 1997 Hall claimed that a suspected friend of Denofrio lured him into having sex and then severed his penis with a knife and escaped. Hall later admitted that he made up the story and had maimed himself.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A17,20)(SFC,12/13/97, p.A7)

1983        Mar 3, Peter Ivers (b.1946), American musician, was found bludgeoned to death in his Los Angeles apartment. In 2008 Josh Frank authored “In heaven Everything Is Fine: The Unsolved Life of Peter Ivers and the Lost History of New Wave Theater."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Ivers)(SFC, 8/29/08, p.E1)

1983        Mar 10, Dorka Lisker (66) was stabbed to death at her Sherman Oaks, Ca., home. Her son Bruce, age 17 at the time of the murder, was convicted of her murder in 1985 and was sentenced to life in prison. Lisker confessed to the murder in prison, but said he only did so in hopes of getting parole. In 2009 he was freed on bail after a judge overturned his conviction due to false evidence and sloppy defense work. Prosecutors decided not to retry him.
    (SFC, 8/14/09, p.D4)(SFC, 9/23/09, p.D5)

1983        Apr 4, Leo J. Trombatore was appointed by George Deukmejian to serve as the chief of Caltrans and served from this day to Dec 30, 1987.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)

1983        Apr 12, Gerald Gallego was found guilty of murder at his trial in Martinez. The jury later recommended the death penalty. Gallego still faced another trial in Nevada. Charlene Williams, his former accomplice and mother of his child, testified against Gallego.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1983        Apr 27, In San Diego, Ca., Philip Buell, age 33 months, died from injuries of a fall while under the care of Ken Marsh. In 1984 Marsh was convicted of murder. He was freed in 2004, after spending 21 years in prison, before it was proven that he had been wrongfully convicted. In 2005 state prosecutors ruled that he should be compensated $756,000 for the time spent in prison.
    (SFC, 12/10/05, p.B2)(http://freekenmarsh.com/declarations.html) 

1983        May 2, A 6.4 earthquake injured 94 people in Coalinga, Ca., and caused an estimated $10 million in damages.

1983        May 29, Richard Jackson, actor (Ryan Meyers-Saved by the Bell), was born in Redlands, CA.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1983        Jun 2, Kevin Cooper escaped from the state prison in Chino, Ca., where he was serving time for burglary.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B3)

1983        Jun 4, In Chino Hills, Ca., Douglas and Peggy Ryen and their 10-year old daughter, Jessica, were killed in the master bedroom of their home. Christopher Hughes (11), a neighbor, was also killed. Joshua Ryen (8) survived despite serious wounds. Kevin Cooper, who escaped from Chino prison on June 2, was arrested 47 days later and was convicted for the murders in 1985 and faced execution. Cooper claimed he was innocent and called for DNA testing of the evidence in 2000. In 2003 an execution date of Feb 10, 2004, was set for Cooper. Cooper won a last minute reprieve on Feb 9 pending a re-examination of the case. In 2005 a federal judge upheld his death penalty. In 2016 Cooper's lawyers asked for a reprieve and new DNA testing.
    (www.savekevincooper.org/background.html)(SFC, 12/18/03, p.A21)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A4)(SFC, 7/4/18, p.A8)

1983        Jul 1, Buckminster Fuller (87), visionary and inventor, died in LA. He dubbed our planet "Spaceship Earth." He was the creator of the geodesic dome and the dymaxion motor car. He founded the World Game Institute to help solve global problems through deployment of military resources.
    (SFC, 4/10/96, p.D-3)(SFC, 4/15/96, D-1)(NH, 7/96, p.10)(MC, 7/1/02)

1983        Aug 17, Ira Gershwin (86), lyricist, died in Beverly Hills, Ca.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1983        Aug 31, In Fairfield, Ca., Kyle Stracner (15) returned home after visiting with friends and found his mother, Priscilla Strole (40), naked and beaten to death on the floor. In 2014 investigators used DNA evidence to identify Robert Hathaway (48), a childhood friend of Kyle, as the murderer. Hathaway hanged himself on Feb 15, 2014.
    (SFC, 3/6/14, p.D2)

1983        Oct 29, LA police officers Arthur Soo Hoo and William Wong were killed when a vehicle rammed their car. In 2003 Faustino Villareal, a passenger in the ramming car, was arrested.
    (SFC, 7/22/03, p.A19)

1983        Dec 7, In the SF Bay Area three of Marsha Carter's (25) four boys found a pool of blood on her bed in Richmond. Her body was later discovered in the trunk of a car in West Sacramento. In 2018 a jury convicted Sherill Smothers (56), a former boyfriend, of fatally stabbing Carter.
    (SFC, 9/21/18, p.D1)

1983        The Strawberry Music Festival began at Camp Mather in Yosemite. It became a premier Bluegrass event held on the Labor Day and Memorial Day weekends.
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, Z1p.5)
1983        In San Luis Obispo business owners closed the downtown streets on Thursday evenings for block parties that grew into a weekly marketing event.
    (SSFC, 10/20/02, p.C8)
1983        California’s Warm Springs Dam, begun in 1975, was completed by the US Army Corps of Engineers. It extended 9 miles on Dry Creek and 4 miles on Warm Springs Creek. The dam created Lake Sonoma in Sonoma County and allowed the county to grow.
    (SFC, 10/20/96, Z1 p.4)(SFEC, 5/23/99, p.T6)(SFC, 1/21/06, p.B1)
1983        Jim and Marie Petcoff founded the Computer Museum of America at La Mesa in San Diego County. It was later relocated to Coleman College.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A20)
1983        In California the Center for Governmental Studies was founded as a watchdog on campaign finance reforms and governance. In 2011 it planned to shut down do to a lagging economy and a polarized political environment.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.A1)
1983        Voters of San Ramon, Ca., on the outskirts of the SF Bay Area, decided to incorporate.
    (SSFC, 5/19/13, p.P7)
1983        Eric Schramm discovered the presence of matsutake mushrooms in Mendocino County.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.A16)
1983        The EPA put the Iron Mountain mine in Northern California on the federal Superfund list.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1983        Legislative policy required urban water suppliers to make plans the for conservation and recycling of water.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A23)
1983        Judge Broussard supported the state’s right to protect the environment by restricting diversions from lakes and streams. He also wrote the court’s decision requiring proof of intent to kill in most death penalty cases.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.B4)
1983        The state put the PG&E property in Daly City near Geneva and Bayshore on its Superfund list named after the federal program for toxic waste cleanup.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A14)

1983        Charles Rothenberg (Charley Charles) was sentenced to 13 years in state prison for setting his 6-year old son on fire at a Southern California motel. He tried to kill the boy because he feared that his ex-wife would permanently separate him from his son. He served less than 7 years. In 2007 he was sentenced to 25 years to life for two subsequent weapons convictions.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)(SFC, 6/16/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/5/07, p.B3)
1983        Cheryl Sellers (24) was convicted of 1st degree murder for the shooting of her husband, who had beaten and abused her for the 4 years of their marriage. In 2002 Gov. Davis granted her parole.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A16)

1983        Willie Earl Green was conviction in the murder of Denise "Dee Dee" Walker (25), in a South Los Angeles crack house. Green insisted on his innocence and was released in 2008 after a judge found that Green had not received a fair trial. The former chauffeur from Canton, Miss., said he was proud of his achievements in prison, including earning an associates degree and teaching math to fellow inmates at San Quentin.
    (AP, 3/24/08)
1983        A high school reform law required students to take either one year of a foreign language or visual or performing arts courses.
    (SFC, 5/13/02, p.A9)
1983        The Mendocino Brewing Co. became the 1st Brewpub in California and only the 2nd in the nation to open since Prohibition.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.T10)
1983        Wavy Gravy (Hugh Romney) founded Camp Winnarainbow, a summer camp for kids, in Mendocino County.
    (WSJ, 7/27/99, p.A21)
1983        Dianne and Jim Clapp bought 500 acres in Shasta County that became the nucleus for a wild horse sanctuary.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.T5)
1983        Michael Stusser discovered enzyme baths at a Zen monastery in Japan. He returned to California and in the late 80s opened an enzyme bath establishment in Freestone, Sonoma, Ct.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, p.T5)
1983        Felix Smith, biologist for the US Fish and Wildlife Service, discovered the first selenium deformed birds at the Kesterson National Wildlife Refuge in Merced County.
    (WSJ, 11/18/98, p.CA3)
1983        A tanker ship sank and exploded west of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.D4)
1983        In San Diego County two 8-year-old boys were killed near Tierrasanta when a live shell they found exploded . Their subdivision was built on the former testing ground of Camp Elliott Marine base.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.A1)
1983        Rose Briones, the last direct descendent of Gregorio Briones, died. She left behind a trunk filled with her family history in a one-room schoolhouse just north of Bolinas.
    (SFC, 5/26/97, p.A11)
1983        Phillip Burton, US Representative, died. In 1995 John Jacobs (d.2000 at 49) authored "A Rage for Justice: The Passion and Politics of Phillip Burton."
    (SFC, 5/25/00, p.C2)
1983        LA police officer Paul Verna was killed by Kenneth Earl Gay. Gay was convicted and received the death penalty but a new trial was called in 1998 due to poor representation by attorney Daye Shinn.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.A23)
1983        Ross Macdonald, crime fiction writer, died. He wrote 18 Lew Archer detective novels over 25 years. In 1999 Tom Nolan authored "Ross Macdonald, A Biography."
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.1)
1983        Dennis Wilson, a founding member of the Beach Boys, died in a swimming accident.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D8)

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