Today in History - November 4

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1493        Nov 4, Christopher Columbus discovered Guadeloupe during his second expedition.
    (HN, 11/4/98)

1520        Nov 4, Danish-Norwegian king Christian II was crowned king of Sweden.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1529        Nov 4, Thomas Wolsey, English Lord Chancellor and cardinal, was arrested.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1587        Nov 4, Samuel Scheidt, German organist and composer, was baptized.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1612        Nov 4, Russia drove Catholic Poles and Lithuanians out of Moscow. This marked the end of the "Time of Troubles," a period of popular uprisings and fighting between noblemen and pretenders to the throne. Russian Orthodox Church celebrated this day as the victory of the forces of Eastern Orthodoxy over the forces of Western Catholicism. In 2005 Russia chose this day for the new “People’s Unity Day" holiday.
    (, 11/12/05, p.56)(Econ, 3/17/07, p.65)

1650        Nov 4, William III, Prince of Orange and King of England, was born. [see Nov 14]
    (HN, 11/4/98)

1677        Nov 4, William and Mary were married in England on William's birthday. William of Orange married his cousin Mary (daughter to James, Duke of York and the same James II who fled in 1688).
    (HNQ, 12/28/00)(HN, 11/4/02)

1702        Nov 4, John Benbow, English vice-admiral (Santa Marta), died.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1712        Nov 4, The Bandbox Plot, an attempt to kill Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford and Lord Treasurer, was foiled by Jonathan Swift (the author of Gulliver’s Travels), who happened to be visiting Harley.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)(

1756        Nov 4, Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant-ship owner, was born.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1771        Nov 4, Carlo Goldoni's "Le Bourru Bienfaisant," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1779        Nov 4, John W. Pieneman, historical painter (Battle at Waterloo), was born.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1791        Nov 4, General Arthur St. Clair, governor of Northwest Territory, was badly defeated by a large Indian army near Fort Wayne. Miami Indian Chief Little Turtle (1752-1812) led the powerful force of Miami, Wyandot, Iroquois, Shawnee, Delaware, Ojibwa and Potawatomi that inflicted the greatest defeat ever suffered by the U.S. Army at the hands of North American Indians. Some 623 regulars led by General Arthur St. Clair were killed and 258 wounded on the banks of the Wabash River near present day Fort Wayne, Indiana. The staggering defeat moved Congress to authorize a larger army in 1792.
    (HNQ, 8/10/98)(HN, 11/4/98)

1798        Nov 4, Congress agreed to pay a yearly tribute to Tripoli, considering it the only way to protect U.S. shipping.
    (HN, 11/4/98)

1835        Nov 4, Lunsford Lindsay Lomax (d.1913), Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1836        Nov 4, Don Juan Alvarado and a group of followers forced the surrender of Lt. Col. Nicolas Gutierrez, the military governor of Monterey. They quickly drafted a constitution and proclaimed California independent of Mexico. Officials in southern California refused to recognize Alvarado's government and he agreed to make California a territory of Mexico with himself as governor.
    (ON, 4/04, p.10)

1841        Nov 4, The 1st wagon train arrived in California.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1842        Nov 4, Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield, Ill.
    (AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)

1846        Nov 4, Benjamin F. Palmer of Meredith N.H. received a patent on an artificial human leg.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, Z1 p.8)(MC, 11/4/01)

1847        Nov 4, Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (b.1809), German pianist and composer, died at age 38. His work included: "Overture to a Midsummer Night's Dream."
    (WUD, 1994 p.895)(LGC, 1970, p.201)(ON, 6/07, p.8)

1854        Nov 4, The first lighthouse on the West Coast was built at Alcatraz Island.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, City Guide, p.7)(MC, 11/4/01)
1854        Nov 4, Florence Nightingale (d.1910) and 38 nurses arrived at the Barrack Hospital in Scutari following the outbreak of the Crimean War. She was appointed to oversee female nurses to be dispatched to military hospitals in Turkey to help with increasing casualties. She had been trained as a nurse--against the belief that nursing was not a suitable profession for women--before serving as Superintendent of the Establishment for Gentlewomen during Illness in London in 1853. At Scutari, soldiers appreciated her kindness and devotion as a nurse. Among other things, she later became known for her ideas about hospital reform and for creating reading rooms in hospitals. In 1907, she was the first woman to be awarded the Order of Merit. She died at the age of 90, at home in London.
    (HNPD, 11/4/98)(HN, 11/4/98)

1856        Nov 4, Democrat James Buchanan was elected US president. The American or Know-Nothing Party had nominated Zachary Taylor over Millard Fillmore. The Know-Nothing Party was an anti-foreigner, anti-Catholic political organization. Buchanan easily won the presidential election, gaining 174 electoral votes to Republican John C. Fremont’s 141, and Fillmore’s eight. Fremont failed to carry California after Jasper O’Farrell testified against him in the 1846 murder of 3 Californios.
    (, 9/26/96, p.E10)(SFC, 2/21/97, p.A25)(HNQ, 6/17/01)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.E1)

1862        Nov 4, Dr. Richard Gatling received patent # 36,836 for his machine gun. In 2008 Julia Keller authored “Mr. Gatling’s Terrible Marvel: The Gun That Changed Everything and the Misunderstood Genius Who Invented It."
    (, 6/14/08, p.102)

1863        Nov 4, From the main Confederate Army at Chattanooga, Tenn., Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's troops were sent northeast to besiege Knoxville
    (HN, 11/4/98)

1864          Nov 4, There was a Confederate assault on the Union depot and headquarters at Reynoldsburg Island, near Johnsonville, Tennessee. Paddle-wheelers USS Key West, Acting Lt. King; USS Tawah, Acting Lt. Goudy; and small steamer U.S.S. Elfin, Acting Master Augustus F. Thompson; were destroyed after an engagement with Confederate batteries off Johnsonville, Ten., along with several transport steamers and a large quantity of supplies.

1873        Nov 4, Dentist John Beers of SF patented the gold crown.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1875        Nov 4, "Pacific" collided with "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery, Wash., and 236 people died.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1876        Nov 4, James Fraser, designer of the buffalo nickel, was born.
    (MC, 11/4/01)
1876        Nov 4, Johannes Brahms' Symphony #1 in C, premiered at Karlsruhe.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1879        Nov 4, William Penn Adair Rogers was born on a ranch in Oologah Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). "I never met a man I didn't like." He was widely loved during the 1920s and 1930s for his gentle humor and homespun philosophies. Part Cherokee Indian, Rogers once told a Boston audience, "My ancestors didn't come over on the Mayflower, but they met the boat." Will Rogers got his show business start in 1902 doing rope tricks in a Wild West show. He moved on to vaudeville and, by 1916, he was the wisecracking star of Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies." As a newspaper columnist and book author, Rogers poked fun at important people and events, and he was equally successful as a motion picture actor. Rogers' film credits include “A Connecticut Yankee" in 1931 and “State Fair" in 1933. The nation mourned when Will Rogers, along with pilot Wiley Post, were killed in an Alaska plane crash on August 15, 1935.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.18) (HNPD, 11/4/98)(HN, 11/4/98)

1880        Nov 4, The first cash register was patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.
    (AP, 11/4/05)

1884        Nov 4, Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.
    (AP, 11/4/97)

1887        Nov 4, Alfred Loomis (d.1975), financier and amateur physicist, was born. In 2002 Jennet Conant authored “Tuxedo Park," an account of how Loomis led research that enhanced radar and led to the atom bomb.
    (NAS-BM, V.51, 1980)

1899        Nov 4, John Montgomery Ward delivered a manifesto on baseball that said in part: "There was a time when the League stood for integrity and fair dealing…"
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, BR p.4)

1904        Nov 4, Harvard Stadium became the 1st stadium built specifically for football.
    (MC, 11/4/01)
1907        Nov 4, Faygo was founded in Detroit as Feigenson Brothers Bottling Works by Russian immigrants Ben and Perry Feigenson. The original flavors of Faygo were based on cake frosting recipes used by the Feigensons in Russia. The brothers ran the company until the mid-1940s, when they turned it over to their sons. In the 1950s the company created a series of radio and television advertisements featuring a fictional cowboy called the Faygo Kid, who was portrayed in animation for television commercials for Faygo Old-Fashioned Root Beer.

1908        Nov 4, The Brooklyn Academy of Music opened in NYC.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1909        Nov 4, Opera "Il Segreto di Susanna" was produced in Munich.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1912        Nov 4, Arizona and Kansas granted women the right to vote. Wisconsin voted against suffrage for women.
    (HN, 11/5/98)(

1913        Nov 4, Gig Young, actor (They Shoot Horses Don't They), was born in St. Cloud, Minn.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1916        Nov 4, Walter Cronkite, news anchor for CBS (1962-1981), was born.
    (HN, 11/4/98)(MC, 11/4/01)

1918        Nov 4, Art Carney (d.2003), actor (Ed Norton-Honeymooners), was born in Mount Vernon, NY.
    (EntW, 12/03, p.96)
1918        Nov 4, Austria signed an armistice with Allies.
    (HN, 11/4/98)
1918        Nov 4, Kiel, Germany, fell into the hands of revolutionary sailors. [see Nov 3]
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1921        Nov 4, Takasji Hara, premier of Japan, was murdered.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1922        Nov 4, The US Postmaster General ordered all homes to get mailboxes or relinquish delivery of mail.
    (HN, 11/4/98)
1922        Nov 4, British archeologist Howard Carter was elated when his Egyptian workers uncovered the top of a stairway cut into bedrock in the Valley of the Kings. For a decade, Carter had been searching for the tomb of the young king Tutankhamun, who had ruled Egypt 3,200 years before. Carter was particularly thrilled at the discovery of the staircase because his wealthy patron, the Earl of Carnarvon, had agreed to fund only one more season before abandoning the search. At the bottom of the staircase was a sealed doorway, which suggested that the tomb had probably not been robbed. Carter ordered the stairway filled and telegraphed his patron, "At last have made wonderful discovery in valley; a magnificent tomb with seals intact; recovered same for your arrival; congratulations." On November 26, Carter, with Carnarvon standing by, drilled a small hole in the tomb's antechamber. Inserting a candle, Carter peered into the darkness at the rich funerary goods. When asked by Carnarvon if he could see anything, the awestruck Carter replied, "Yes, wonderful things."
    (NG, May 1985, R. Caputo, p.598)(AP, 11/4/97) (HNPD, 11/3/98)

1923        Nov 4, Alfred Heineken, beer brewer, was born.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1924        Nov 4, Calvin Coolidge was elected 30th president on a platform of pro-business policies.
    (HN, 11/4/98)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.C12)
1924        Nov 4, Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming was elected the nation's first woman governor; she was to serve the remaining term of William B. Ross, her husband who died in office. Miriam Ferguson was elected the second women governor in Texas. [see Nov 9]
    (AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)
1924        Nov 4, Gabriel Faure (b.1845), French composer, organist, pianist, and teacher, died in Paris. He was the foremost French composer of his generation. His musical style influenced many 20th century composers.

1928        Nov 4, Arnold Rothstein (46), US mobster, was shot to death at the Grand Hotel in NYC. In 2005 Nick Tosches authored “King of the Jews," a biography of Rothstein.
    (SSFC, 6/12/05, p.B6)

1930        Nov 4, In SF George Christopher defeated Democrat George Reilly for mayor and went on to serve 2 terms. Voters also approved a $35 million bond issue to build the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.A19)(SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)
1930        Nov 4, New York reelected Gov. Franklin Delano Roosevelt by a landslide.
    (ON, 12/07, p.2)(

1933        Nov 4, Hermann Goring and Georgi Dimitrov had a duel.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1934        Nov 4, The new $400,000, 6,500-seat, Bay Meadows horse racing track opened in San Mateo, Ca., under the direction of Bill Kyne (d.1957). Gov. Frank Merriam christened the one-mile track, which opened on the grounds of an old airfield. Jockey George Burns rode 5 winners, three of them in a row. The track featured the new $250,000 totalizer machine to display bets and payoff. The last day of regular racing was May 11, 2008. A final racing was scheduled for the 2008 county Fair, August 6-18.
    (Ind, 5/13/00,5A)(SFC, 3/23/07, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/08, p.A4)

1937        Nov 4, The Clifford Odets play "Golden Boy" opened at the Belasco Theatre in NYC.
    (WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-18)(

1939        Nov 4, The United States modified its neutrality stance in World War II, allowing "cash and carry" purchases of arms by belligerents, a policy favoring Britain and France.
    (AP, 11/4/99)
1939        Nov 4, The 1st air conditioned automobile, the Packard, was exhibited, Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1940        Nov 4, Lewis Hine, American social-documentary photographer, died.
    (WSJ, 11/12/99, p.W10)(ON, 3/07, p.6)

1942        Nov 4, The 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Axis Africa corps retreated from El Alamein in North Africa in a major victory for British forces commanded by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
    (AP, 11/4/97)(MC, 11/4/01)

1946        Nov 4, Robert Mapplethorpe, US photographer, was born.
    (MC, 11/4/01)
1946        Nov 4, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was established.
    (HN, 11/4/98)

1947        Nov 4, San Francisco voters overwhelmingly approved Measure 10, the Save the Cable Cars Measure. Activist Friedel Klussman had led a committee to put the measure on the ballot in opposition to Mayor Roger Lapham.
    (SFC, 2/8/14, p.C2)

1948        Nov 4, T.S. Eliot won the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (MC, 11/4/01)
1948        Nov 4, The International Military Tribunal for the Far East was concluded.
    (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A15)

1950        Nov 4, The European Convention on Human Rights was signed in Rome. 5 protocols were added later. Alleged violations were handled by the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France.
    (, 4/26/06, p.A1)

1952        Nov 4, Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) was elected president the 34th president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson in presidential elections. The Republicans took over for the first time in 20 years. A Univac computer in Philadelphia predicted the results based on early returns.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)(AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)(SJM, 5/1/01, p.1C)
1952        Nov 4, A magnitude 9.0 quake in Kamchatka caused damage but no reported deaths, despite setting off 30-foot (9.1-meter) waves in Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1953        Nov 4, Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge (89), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1954        Nov 4, The Broadway show “Fanny" opened at the Majestic Theater for 888 performances. It was produced by David Merrick (d.2000 at 88).
    (SFC, 4/27/00, p.A25)(MC, 11/4/01)

1955        Nov 4, August Vollmer (79), father of modern police science, shot himself to death in Berkeley, Ca. He was afflicted with Parkinson’s Disease late in life, and also cancer, and he refused to be bedridden or a burden to others. Vollmer was a pioneer in the use of radio and fingerprints for police work.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)(

1956        Nov 4, Arthur Tatum (Art Tatum, 46), US jazz pianist and composer, died.
    (MC, 11/4/01)
1956        Nov 4, Israel captured the Straits of Tiran and reached the Suez Canal in Egypt.
    (MC, 11/4/01)
1956        Nov 4, Russian troops and tanks attacked Budapest and crushed the Hungarian revolt under Premier Imre Nagy. Soviet troops marched into the country. Martial law was proclaimed and mass arrests followed. The UN censured the USSR. The repression was organized by Yuri Andropov who later became Chief of the KGB in 1967. 25,000 people were killed. Janos Kadar was installed by the Soviet Union as head of Hungary's Communist Party.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-12)(SFC, 10/23/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A5)(AP, 5/22/98)

1958        Nov 4, Edmund G. "Pat" Brown was elected as democratic governor of California.
    (SSFC, 1/30/05, p.C1)
1958        Nov 4, Angelo G. Roncalli was crowned as Pope John XXIII.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1960        Nov 4, The film "Misfits" premiered. It was the final movie for Clark Gable and Marilyn Monroe.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1964        Nov 4, Lenny Bruce (d.1966), stand up comic, was arrested in NYC at the Cafe au Go Go on obscenity charges for his "bad language." In 2003 Gov. George Pataki granted Bruce a posthumous pardon.
    (WSJ, 5/29/03, p.D8)(SFC, 12/24/03, p.A1)

1966        Nov 4, In Florence, Italy the River Arno overflowed and damaged the Uffizi Gallery. Whole libraries of valuable ancient documents were soaked. 33 people died in the flood and blame fell principally on Enel, Italy’s largest power company. In 2008 Robert Clark authored “Dark Water: Flood and Redemption in the City of Masterpieces."
    (WSJ, 10/29/96, p.A21)(SFC, 4/6/01, p.D4)(Econ, 11/1/08, p.97)
1966        Nov 4, A devastating flood swamped Venice, damaged monuments and covered the city in mud. 5,000 people were made homeless.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D4)(WSJ, 3/8/02, p.AW9)

1969        Nov 4, Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was expelled from Soviet Writers Union.

1970        Nov 4, The story of Genie (b.1957), pseudonym for a feral child who was the victim of extraordinarily severe abuse, neglect and social isolation, came to the attention of Los Angeles child welfare authorities. Her father kept her locked alone in a room from the age of 20 months to 13 years, 7 months, almost always strapped to a child's toilet or bound in a crib with her arms and legs completely immobilized. During this time she was never exposed to any significant amount of speech, and as a result she did not acquire a first language during childhood.  In 1994 a book was written about her case by Russ Rymer.
1970        Nov 4, Andre Sakharov, Russian nuclear physicist, formed a Human Rights Committee.

1978        Nov 4, In Iran the worst anti-Shah demonstrations occurred. PM Sharif-Emami (d.1998 at 87 in NYC), handed in his resignation after 2 months in office. Shah Pahlavi then appointed Gholam Riza Azhari and tried a military approach as the nation erupted in revolt.
    (, 6/24/98, p.C2)

1978        Nov 4, US National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski called the Shah of Iran to tell him that the US would "back him to the hilt."

1979        Nov 4, The US Embassy was taken over by Iranian students and a hostage crisis began. 90 people, including 63 Americans, were taken hostage at the American embassy in Teheran, Iran, by militant student followers of Ayatollah Khomeini who demanded the return of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to Iran for trial. He was undergoing medical treatment in New York City. The students held 52 American hostages for 444 days, and were released on the day of the inauguration President Ronald Reagan, January 20, 1981. In 2005 David Harris authored “The Crisis: The President, the Prophet and the Shah – 1979 and the coming of Militant Islam." In 2006 Mark Bowden authored “Guests of the Ayatollah: The First Battle in America’s War With Militant Islam."
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)(SSFC, 4/3/05, p.F4)(WSJ, 4/29/06, p.P10)
1979        Nov 4, In Iran, as Islamist students stormed the US Embassy in Tehran, six American diplomats escaped and found sanctuary at the home of Canadian ambassador Ken Taylor (d.2015 at 81) and his first secretary, John Sheardown. Taylor then worked with the Canadian government and the CIA to obtain Canadian passports and forged visas allowing the diplomats to fly to Switzerland.
    (SFC, 10/17/15, p.C3)

1980        Nov 4, Ronald Reagan (69) was elected the 40th president of the United States. He beat President Carter (56) by a wide margin. George H.W. Bush was elected vice-president. Inflation and the crises in Iran caused Jimmy Carter to lose to Ronald Reagan, America’s oldest Pres.-elect.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1980)(HN, 11/4/98)(AP, 11/4/97)
1980        Nov 4, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton lost his re-election bid for the governor’s office to Frank White (1933-2003).
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.A3)(SFC, 5/23/03, p.A26)
1980        Nov 4, SF voters re-elected 8 of 11 Board of Supervisors. Women held a majority of seats for the 1st time in city history.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.F2,6)

1982        Nov 4, Dominique Dunne (b.1959), American actress and daughter of novelist Dominick Dunne, died in LA following strangulation by her former boyfriend, John Thomas Sweeney.
1982        Nov 4, Jacques Tati (b.1909), French mime and director, died.
1982        Nov 4, In the Netherlands Ruud Lubbers (1939-2018) began serving a prime minister and continued to 1994.
    (, 2/18/18, p.C12)

1983        Nov 4, Dennis Nilsen (b.1945), serial killer, was sentenced in England to life imprisonment. He had killed at least 15 men over a 5 year period (1978-1983). All his victims were students or homeless men whom he picked up in bars and brought to his house either for sex or just for company. In 1993 Brian Masters authored “Killing for Company."
    (, 6/9/07, p.P8)

1984        Nov 4, Nicaragua held its 1st free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas won by a margin of 63%. Daniel Ortega won the presidency under the Sandinista Liberation Front. Sergio Ramirez served as his vice-president until 1990.
    (SFC, 5/6/96, p.A-10)(WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A15)

1987        Nov 4, Lisa Steinberg (6) was pronounced dead at a New York City hospital in a child-abuse case that sparked national outrage; Joel Steinberg, a lawyer who adopted her illegally, served 17 years in prison for manslaughter.
    (AP, 11/4/07)

1988        Nov 4, In a ceremony at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, President Reagan signed a measure providing for US participation in an anti-genocide treaty signed by President Truman in 1948. The law created no obligation to do anything.
    (AP, 11/4/98)(Econ., 2/13/21, p.30)

1989        Nov 4, Up to a million East Germans filled the streets of East Berlin for a pro-democracy rally.
    (AP, 11/4/99)
1989        Nov 4, Typhoon Gay hit India. It claimed 69 lives there and destroyed or damaged some 20,000 homes. In total it caused 1,060 direct casualties.
1989        Nov 4, Iran marked the 10th anniversary of the seizure of the U.S. Embassy.
    (AP, 11/4/99)
1989        Nov 4, In Japan Yokohama lawyer, Tsutsumi Sakamoto, was kidnapped with his wife and infant son. He had been leading a legal crusade against the Aum Shinri Kyo cult. Later top members of the cult admitted to killing the family. In 1998 Kazuaki Okazaki (38) was sentenced to death for the murder. In 2000 Satoru Hashimoto was sentenced to death for the strangling deaths of the Sakamoto family and for the 1995 sarin gas attacks.
    (SFC, 4/24/96, p.A-8)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)(SFC, 7/26/00, p.A14)

1990        Nov 4, Douglas Wakiihuri of Kenya and Wanda Panfil of Poland won the New York City Marathon.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1990        Nov 4, Secretary of State James Baker visited US troops in the Saudi Arabian desert.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1990        Nov 4, Iraq issued a new broadside, saying it was prepared to fight a “dangerous war" rather than give up Kuwait.
    (AP, 11/4/00)

1991        Nov 4, Ronald Reagan opened his presidential library in Simi Valley, Calif., with a dedication ceremony attended by President Bush and former presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford and Richard Nixon - the first-ever gathering of five U.S. chief executives.
    (AP, 11/4/01)

1992        Nov 4, Carol Moseley Braun became the first African American women to be elected to the U.S. Senate. She lost her Senate seat in 1998.
    (HN, 11/4/98)
1992        Nov 4, Iran's Islamic Republic News Agency announced the arrest of American businessman Milton Meier, who had lived in Iran for 17 years, on charges of illegal business dealings and espionage.
    (AP, 11/4/97)

1993        Nov 4, The White House challenged Ross Perot to a debate on the North American Free Trade Agreement with Vice President Al Gore; Perot, calling it "a desperate move," quickly accepted.
    (AP, 11/4/98)

1994        Nov 4, In Union, S.C., townspeople jeered as Susan Smith was led into court, a day after the 23-year-old secretary was arrested and charged with murder in the drownings of her sons, 3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alexander.
    (AP, 11/4/99)
1994        Nov 4, Artist Sam Francis (b.1923) died in Santa Monica, Ca. In 2021 Gabrielle Selz authored "Light on Fire: The Art and Life of Sam Francis".
    (, 12/4/21, p.D1)

1995        Nov 4, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, 73 years old, was killed by a right-wing, 27 year old Israeli law student, Yigal Amir, at a Tel Aviv peace rally. Shimon Peres assumed the post of acting Prime Minister. His wife, Leah, published “Rabin: Our Life, His Legacy in 1997." It was later revealed the Amir was working under the influence of Avishai Raviv, an agent of the Shin Bet security service.
    (WSJ, 11/6/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/21/97, p.A1)(AP, 11/4/97)(SFC, 11/6/97, p.D2)

1996        Nov 4, On the last day of campaigning before Election Day, President Clinton appealed for a second term by taking credit for a revived economy, while Republican Bob Dole warned of mounting Clinton ethical questions.
    (AP, 11/4/97)
1996        Nov 4, In South Korea the president announced a new anti-corruption drive after his defense minister, sacked last week, was arrested for taking bribes.
    (WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A18)
1996        Nov 4, In Pakistan Pres. Farooq Leghari dismissed Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. Until new elections are held civilian administrators will run the show.
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)

1997        Nov 4, In off-year elections US Republicans won high profile races: New Jersey Gov. Christie Whitman won a cliffhanger re-election; New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani won a second term, and James Gilmore won the race for Virginia governor.
    (AP, 11/4/98)
1997        Nov 4, Iraq agreed to postpone the expulsion of American weapons inspectors until after U.N. envoys finished their mission.
    (AP, 11/4/98)
1997        Nov 4, US sanctions against Sudan were tightened due to the Iran-allied government’s support for int’l. terrorism and abysmal human-rights record. After lobbying by US trade associations the sanctions excluded US imports for gum arabic, a key ingredient for soft drinks, and other goods as an emulsifier.
    (WSJ, 11/5/97, p.A1)(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A8)
1997        Nov 4, Voters in Oregon affirmed doctor-assisted suicides with a 60% approval.
    (SFC, 11/5/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 4, In SF Phyllis Wattis contributed $10 million to the California Academy of Sciences. Wattis, the 92-year-old great-granddaughter of Brigham Young, also presented $20 million to the SF Fine Arts Museums, $10 million for the new de Young building fund and $10 million for acquisitions. The Exploratorium and the SF Arts Institute were each granted $5 million. Paul Wattis, her husband, was an executive with Utah Construction and Mining, a family business that built the Boulder Dam.
    (SFC, 11/5/97, p.A18)(SFEC, 11/30/97, p.C13)
1997        Nov 4, The Emergent Corp. won a contract with the Internet Council of Registrars to add 7 new domain names: .arts, .firm, .info, .nom, .rec, .store, and .web to make a total of 13 such suffixes along with 29 country codes.
    (SFC, 11/5/97, p.D1)
1997        Nov 4, H. Richard Hornberger (b.1924), surgeon (inspired M*A*S*H), died in Maine. He authored the novel “M*A*S*H" (1968) under the open name of Richard Hooker.
1997        Nov 4, It was reported that Jordan receives $225 million in annual aid from the US. Voter turnout reached only 54.5% and tribal leaders loyal to King Hussein won a majority of parliament, 47 of 80 lower house seats.
    (SFC, 11/4/97, p.A8)(SFC, 11/5/97, p.C2)
1997        Nov 4, In Mexico a convoy with Bishop Samuel Ruiz was attacked in Crucero in northern Chiapas. Three church workers were wounded. The Peace and Justice group, associated with the PRI, was thought to be responsible.
    (SFC, 11/6/97, p.C6)

1998        Nov 4, In the wake of disappointing election results in which House Republicans saw their majority trimmed, GOP lawmakers talked of quickly wrapping up impeachment proceedings against President Clinton and raised the prospect of challenges to Speaker Newt Gingrich and other party leaders.
    (AP, 11/4/99)
1998        Nov 4, A federal grand jury in Manhattan returned a 238-count indictment that charged Osama bin Laden for the US embassy bombings in Africa.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C3)
1998        Nov 4, Brazil set a minimum retirement age of 53 for men and 48 for women.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C5)
1998        Nov 4, In Colombia government forces retook Mitu after refueling in nearby Brazil. 5 guerrillas were reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C3)
1998        Nov 4, Israel announced that the security issue for the new peace agreement was resolved. They demanded the arrest of 30 Palestinian fugitives suspected of violence. Arafat said that 12 of the 30 were already under arrest.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C2)
1998        Nov 4, Russia announced that would ask creditors to extend its foreign debt, scheduled at $3.5 billion this year and $17.5 billion in 1999. The worst harvest in 45 years was blamed on a summer drought.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C2)
1998        Nov 4, In Russia Ivan Orlov (65) exploded his car in Red Square in a general protest against unpaid pensions and the state. Three Kremlin guards were injured. Orlov was jailed and died in prison on Dec 23 of heart failure.
    (WSJ, 12/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 4, In Sierra Leone former Pres. Joseph Saidu Momoh was convicted of conspiracy to commit treason in the May 1997 coup.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 4, In Zimbabwe riots broke out in anger over rising prices, unemployment and involvement in the Congo war.
    (WSJ, 11/5/98, p.A1)

1999        Nov 4, Aaron McKinney, who beat gay college student Matthew Shepard and left him to die on the Wyoming prairie, avoided the death penalty by agreeing to serve life in prison without parole and promising never to appeal his conviction.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1999        Nov 4, In Indonesia over 50,000 people demonstrated for independence in Aceh province. The population in Aceh numbered 4.3 million.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 4, Some ten-thousand Iranian students rallied outside the former US Embassy in Tehran to mark the 20th anniversary of its seizure by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1999        Nov 4, Russia allowed thousands of refugees to flee Chechnya and the crossing at the Sleptsovskaya border reached 500 people per hour.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D3)
1999        Nov 4, At Empangeni, South Africa, rival minivan taxi operators waged a gun battle that left at least 10 people dead and 24 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)
1999        Nov 4, In Venezuela the Constitutional Assembly approved a 6 year presidential term and allowed reelection.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)

2000        Nov 4, President Clinton vetoed a bill that would have criminalized the leaking of government secrets.
    (AP, 11/4/01)
2000        Nov 4, In Israel the clashes eased as Pres. Barak and Yasser Arafat announced separate visits to Washington for talks with Pres. Clinton.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A11)
2000        Nov 4, In the Philippines tens of thousands rallied in Manila for Pres. Estrada to resign.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 4, In Yugoslavia the parliament approved the country's first communist-free government in more than half a century. The government under Pres. Kostunica was approved by a vote of 136-19.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A15)(AP, 11/4/01)

2001        Nov 4, NBC's "The West Wing" took eight honors at the twice-delayed Emmy Awards, including best dramatic series; HBO's "Sex and the City" won best comedy series.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2001        Nov 4, In Phoenix the Arizona Diamondbacks beat the NY Yankees 3-2 in game 7 of the World Series.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 4, Tesfaye Jifar of Ethiopia won the NYC Marathon in record time, 2:07:43. Margaret Okayo of Kenya set a woman’s record of 2:24:21.
    (WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 4, The US reached a tentative agreement with Tajikistan for military cooperation in exchange for tens of millions of dollars.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 4, Ian Wallace attempted to firebomb 2 buildings at Michigan Tech. Univ. in Marquette, Mi., but his devices failed. In 2009 he was sentenced to 3 years in prison. In 2008 Wallace admitted in his plea agreement to three other acts, including the destruction of 500 research trees at a federal lab in Rhinelander, Wis., in 2000. The value of the trees was estimated at $1 million.
    (SFC, 3/24/09, p.A5)(
2001        Nov 4, The US moved more special operations forces into Afghanistan and continued air strikes on the Taliban front lines. The Air Force dropped a 15,000 pound fuel-air explosion bomb called a Daisy Cutter that was last used in the Vietnam War. Thousands of foreign volunteers were reported moving to the Taliban front lines.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A1,3)(SFC, 11/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 4, It was reported that both Poland and the Czech Republic would send military forces to assist the US in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 4, In Colombia gunmen abducted a judge and 3 lawyers in Antioquia province. Glen Heggstad (Heregestard) of California was released Dec 7.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A13)(SFC, 12/10/01, p.A5)(SFC, 12/11/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 4, It was reported that the French weekly Le Nouvel Observateur cited bin Laden as possibly possessing an arsenal of biochemical weapons. US intelligence sources were cited that bin Laden purchased laboratories from the former Yugoslavia, Ebola virus from former Soviet stockpiles, botulism from the Czech Republic, anthrax from North Korea and the assistance of chemists and biologists from the Ukraine.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A25)
2001        Nov 4, Hurricane Michelle hit Cuba and forced the evacuation of 750,000. At least 5 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/6/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 4, In Israel Khatem Shweili (24), a Palestinian gunman, fired an M-16 at a school bus in Jerusalem and killed Shoshana Ben-Yisgai (16) and a boy (13-14). The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A12)
2001         Nov 4, In Nicaragua elections former leader Daniel Ortega (54) faced Enrique Bolanos (73) of the governing Constitutionalist Liberal Party. Enrique Bolanos won the elections.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D1)(SFC, 11/5/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 4, In northern Nigeria Christian-Muslim fighting over the weekend left about 10 dead. It was sparked by the imposition of Muslim religious law, Shariah.
    (WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 4, Pakistan arrested Qazi Hussain Ahmed, leader of the pro-Taliban Jamaat-e-Islami party, after he defied a ban on public protests. Ahmed was charged with sedition the next day.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A18)

2002        Nov 4, President Bush barnstormed through four battleground states, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Texas, in a final appeal for Republicans in Congress; Democrats worked for a strong voter turnout to tilt key races their way.
    (AP, 11/4/03)
2002        Nov 4, In Minnesota Gov. Ventura named his aide, Independent Dean Barkley, to serve out the term of the late Sen. Wellstone.
    (SFC, 11/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 4, Eagle Scout Darrell Lambert (19) of Port Orchard, Wa., was told to leave the Boy Scout organization due to his atheist belief. "The Boy Scouts is a faith-based organization and the issue of God is not negotiable." He was given 1 week to declare belief in a higher power.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A5)(SFC, 11/5/02, p.A5)
2002        Nov 4, Jerry Sohl (88), science fiction author, died in Thousand Oaks, California. His books included "The Transcendent Man" and "The Altered Ego."
    (SFC, 11/11/02, p.A20)
2002        Nov 4, China signed a landmark agreement, “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," with ASEAN (Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam) on avoiding open conflict in the disputed South China Sea Spratly Islands. Indonesia objected and Taiwan was barred from signing.
    (Reuters, 11/4/02)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.40)(
2002        Nov 4, Indonesian navy boats and civilian craft searched waters off the volatile eastern city of Ambon for survivors from a packed ferry that sank overnight, killing five people and leaving 73 missing.
    (Reuters, 11/4/02)
2002        cNov 4, An Ulster Catholic man was beaten and his hands were nailed to a fence post outside Belfast.
    (WSJ, 11/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 4, Two Palestinians, including a Hamas militant wanted by Israel, were killed when their car exploded in the middle of the street in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2002        Nov 4, Senegal Pres. Abdoulaye Wade dismissed his prime minister and the rest of the Cabinet in a shake up widely anticipated since the deadly capsizing of a state-run ferry.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2002        Nov 4, In South Korea 15,000 civil servants went on strike protesting against both the proposal to shorten the working week and a government ban on public sector unions.
    (Reuters, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 4, A party with Islamic roots won a landslide victory in Turkish elections.
    (AP, 11/4/03)

2003        Nov 4, Following a conservative outcry over a made-for-TV movie about former President Ronald Reagan, CBS scrapped plans to televise "The Reagans," sending it off to the Showtime cable network instead.
    (AP, 11/4/04)
2003        Nov 4, Republicans picked up two governorships in the South. Haley Barbour ousted Mississippi's Democratic incumbent Ronnie Musgrove. Rep. Ernie Fletcher won Kentucky's top job ousting Democrats from power after 32 years.
    (AP, 11/5/03)(SFC, 11/5/03, p.A16)
2003        Nov 4, In Arizona Mexican President Vicente Fox stressed the importance of continuing a dialogue on immigration issues with the United States as he started a tour of 3 border states.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 4, A shootout in Arizona left 4 dead and 5 wounded along I-10. Police described a car chase and gun battle among immigrant smugglers.
    (WSJ, 11/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 4, Richard M. Scrushy, former chairman of HealthSouth Corp., was indicted for participating in a nearly $3 billion accounting fraud.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 4, California firefighters gained control over record south state fires that killed 20 people and destroyed over 3,570 homes.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 4, It was reported that world sulfur stocks were at record highs and that the energy industry produces some 64 million tons a year, far more than needed.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 4, The Minasa Bone, an Indonesian fishing boat with 14 Kurds aboard, sought asylum on Melville Island, Australia. The government quickly moved to separate Melville Island from Australia for migratory purposes and forced the boat back to Indonesia.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.41)
2003        Nov 4, In eastern England Luke Walmsley (14) died from a single stab wound to the heart at Birkbeck School in the village of North Somercotes, near Louth. Police charged a 15-year-old boy with murder after the fatal stabbing.
    (AP, 11/6/03)
2003        Nov 4, Charles Causley (86), English poet, died.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.85)
2003        Nov 4, Richard Arthur Wollheim, a philosophy professor whose writing on visual art and psychoanalysis made him one of the field's most innovative thinkers, died in London. He set out his views about visual art in "Painting as an Art," (1987). He was credited with coining the term "Minimalism" in his 1965 essay "Minimal Art," about monochromatic painting and Marcel Duchamp's piecing together of everyday objects into artworks. His 1968 book "Art and Its Objects" also won high praise. In 2006 his memoir “Germs" was published posthumously.
    (AP, 11/8/03)(WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P12)
2003        Nov 4, Germany's defense minister dismissed the head of the country's elite special forces after the general praised a conservative lawmaker under investigation for alleged anti-Semitic remarks.
    (AP, 11/4/03)
2003        Nov 4, Kenyan-born former physicist M.G. Vassanji was awarded this year's Giller Prize, Canada's most glamorous and lucrative literary award. He took home C$25,000 prize for his novel, "The In-Between World of Vikram Lall."
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 4, In Nigeria pirates armed with automatic rifles and dressed in camouflage fatigues ambushed a police boat in the troubled oil delta. 5 officers were missing and presumed killed.
    (AP, 11/6/03)
2003        Nov 4, Russia's embattled Yukos oil giant said it appointed Simon Kukes (56), a Russian-born US citizen as new chief executive to replace jailed chairman Mikhail Khodorkovsky, who resigned a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/4/03)(SFC, 11/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 4, Sri Lanka's Pres. Kumaratunga suspended Parliament and deployed troops around the capital after firing three key cabinet ministers who were trying to coax Tamil rebels back into talks to end a 20-year civil war. Her PM and arch foe, Ranil Wickremessinghe, was in Washington to confer with Pres. Bush.
    (AP, 11/4/03)(WSJ, 11/6/03, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/03, p.A3)

2004        Nov 4, Pres. Bush laid out plans to revamp taxes, social security and medical malpractice awards. The DJ jumped 177 to close at 10314.76.
    (WSJ, 11/5/04, p.A1)(AP, 11/4/05)
2004        Nov 4, It was announced that Elizabeth Edwards, wife of former Democratic vice-presidential candidate John Edwards, had been diagnosed with breast cancer the day her husband and Senator John Kerry conceded the presidential race.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2004        Nov 4, VaxGen received an $878 million US contract for anthrax vaccine under a $5.6 billion federal Project Bioshield program.
    (SFC, 11/5/04, p.C1) 
2004        Nov 4, Algerian Islamic rebels killed two policemen in the latest attack during the holy month of Ramadan.
    (Reuters, 11/5/04)
2004        Nov 4, Greece sharply protested a US decision to recognize the former Yugoslav state on its northern border as "Macedonia."
    (AP, 11/4/04)
2004        Nov 4, In Iraq US jets pounded parts of Fallujah, targeting insurgents in a city where American forces were said to be gearing up for a major offensive.
    (AP, 11/4/04)
2004        Nov 4, In Iraq SCIRI (Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq) militants dressed as police abducted and executed 12 Iraqi National Guards traveling home to Najaf.
    (AP, 11/7/04)
2004        Nov 4, In Iraq 3 British soldiers of the Black Watch regiment, recently moved northward, were killed in a suicide bombing.
    (SFC, 11/5/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 4, The international medical aid group Medecins Sans Frontieres said it was closing its operations in Iraq because of escalating violence.
    (AP, 11/4/04)
2004        Nov 4, Ivory Coast government warplanes bombed Boauke, the largest city in rebel-held north, in what a military commander said was the launch of a new offensive to reunite the war-divided nation. Guillaume Soro, rebel leader of the New Forces, said 85 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.52)
2004        Nov 4, Pres. Putin signed a bill confirming Russia's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.
    (AP, 11/5/04)
2004        Nov 4, In southern Thailand 9 Buddhists were killed including 2 policemen.
    (WSJ, 11/5/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 4, The UAR appointed Sheik Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the eldest son of Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, as its president. Sheik Khalifa, crown prince of Abu Dhabi since 1969, automatically became ruler of Abu Dhabi following his father's death.
    (AP, 11/4/04)

2005        Nov 4, The St. Louis Cardinals announced demolition plans for Busch Stadium, the ballpark that has housed the team since 1966. A 10,000-pound wrecking ball will be used to knock down the southern half of the ballpark over a 60-day period.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Sheree North (72), stage, film and TV star, died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B11)
2005        Nov 4, Earl Krugel (62), Jewish Defense League activist, died after being assaulted in a federal prison in Phoenix. He had been imprisoned for his role in a bomb plot.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2005        Nov 4, Mullah Omar, the fugitive leader of Afghanistan's Taliban insurgents, called on people to unite and join his ousted guerrillas in a "jihad" or holy war against US forces in the country.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Afghanistan poet Nadia Anjuman (25) died in Herat. She was beaten to death, and her husband and mother were arrested. On Nov 8 the UN condemned the killing as symptom of continuing violence against Afghan women four years after the fall of the Taliban.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Argentina crowd of 10,000 people chanting "Get out Bush!" swarmed the streets of Mar del Plata, hours before the hemisphere's leaders sat down to debate free trade, immigration and job creation at the fourth Summit of the Americas. Pres. Bush worked to smooth the United States' troubled image in Latin America, commending Argentina's efforts to improve its damaged economy. More than 1,000 masked, anti-US demonstrators clashed with police, shattered storefronts and torched businesses.
    (AP, 11/4/05)(AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Argentina Mexico’s Pres. Vicente Fox said that a majority of nations in the Western Hemisphere will consider moving forward with negotiations to create a huge new free trade zone without the participation of dissenting countries like Venezuela.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Azerbaijan thousands of government supporters rallied in Baku on the last day of campaigning for this weekend's parliamentary elections, while opponents kept out of sight to avoid confrontations with police.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Oxford restaurant waiter Chomir Ali (44) was jailed for life for ordering his sons to kill Arash Ghorbani-Zarin (19), a Muslim university student of Iranian descent. The conviction of a Bangladeshi-origin man along with his two teenage sons for murdering the student who made his daughter pregnant illustrates the growing prevalence in Britain of so-called "honor crimes." Ghorbani-Zarin was stabbed 46 times.
    (AFP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 4, China reported its fourth bird flu outbreak in three weeks, saying that 8,940 chickens died in a northeastern village despite a nationwide effort to contain the virus. The discovery prompted authorities to destroy about 370,000 birds.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Gunfire echoed sporadically around Addis Ababa for a fourth day as reports emerged that unrest had spread beyond the capital, a development likely to deepen international concern for Ethiopia's stability.
    (Reuters, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Small, mobile groups of youths hit Paris' riot-shaken suburbs with waves of arson attacks, torching hundreds of cars, as unrest entered its 2nd week and spread to other towns.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Sunni-led insurgents killed 11 Iraqi security forces and wounded 14 in two separate attacks, as Shiites began celebrating a major Muslim holiday.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf suspended the purchase of 77 US fighter planes saying the funds were urgently needed for rebuilding parts of northern Pakistan flattened by the Oct 8 earthquake.
    (WSJ, 11/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 4, A ferry overloaded with people heading to a memorial for three drowned boaters capsized in the Arabian Sea off southern Pakistan, killing about 60 people.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Spain's Supreme Court sentenced pro-Basque independence leader Arnaldo Otegi to a year in prison for slandering King Juan Carlos by saying he was in charge of torturers.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Victor Hettigoda, a wealthy Sri Lankan presidential candidate, said he will use his personal fortune to buy a cow for every home if he is elected in the Nov 17 elections.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 4, South Africa's former deputy president was indicted on a corruption charge in a scandal involving his financial adviser and two French arms companies. Jacob Zuma, who had been seen as President Thabo Mbeki's successor, was fired in June after being implicated in the scandal involving his financial adviser and friend, Schabir Shaik.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 4, Vietnam confirmed bird flu outbreaks in three communes north of Hanoi.
    (AFP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4-2005 Nov 5, Marauding youths torched nearly 900 vehicles, stoned paramedics and burned a nursery school in a ninth night of violence that spread from Paris suburbs to towns around France. Authorities arrested more than 250 people overnight.
    (AP, 11/5/05)

2006        Nov 4, Katherine Jefferts Schori (52) took office at Washington National Cathedral as the 1st woman to lead the US Episcopal Church and the 1st female to head an Anglican province. The former bishop of Nevada was elected at the Episcopal convention in June.
    (SSFC, 11/5/06, p.A9)
2006        Nov 4, Ernestine Gilbreth Carey (98), co-author of "Cheaper by the Dozen," died in Fresno, Calif.
    (AP, 11/4/07)
2006        Nov 4, In Afghanistan battles continued as NATO forces battled suspected insurgents near Kabul. Afghan authorities reported a dozen people dead in attacks.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Swathes of Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands and went dark for up to an hour in the late evening as cold Germans rushing to switch on heaters sucked up electricity from Europe's interconnected networks.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 4, In Britain thousands of environmental campaigners rallied in London ahead of international talks on climate change in Kenya, demanding that world leaders act to curb global warming.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, The Central African Republic's parliament called on the international community and France in particular to aid it against rebels who have seized a northern town. A rebel alliance, the Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally (UFDR) said it had seized the northeastern town of Birao on Oct 30.
    (AFP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, China launched a sweeping effort to expand its access to Africa's oil and markets, pledging billions of dollars in aid and loans as dozens of leaders from the world's poorest continent opened a conference aimed at building economic ties. President Hu Jintao said China will offer $5 billion in loans and credits, and double aid to Africa by 2009.
    (AP, 11/4/06)(Reuters, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, William Lee Brent (75), a Black Panther who hijacked a passenger jet to communist Cuba in 1969 and spent 37 years in exile, died in Cuba. A decade ago, Times Books published his memoirs, "Long Time Gone," which told of his coming of age on Oakland's streets and of joining the Black Panthers when he was 37, rising to become a bodyguard for leader Eldridge Cleaver.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 4, Iraqi and US security forces killed 53 suspected insurgents in a raid near Madain, southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 4, Russian police arrested hundreds of ultranationalist demonstrators who took to Moscow's streets, forcefully putting an end to the banned protest amid an increase in hate crimes.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Spanish police said that 1.8 billion euros (2.3 billion dollars) had been frozen in bank accounts as investigations continued into possible tax fraud.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Thousands of people took to the streets across Taiwan to demand President Chen Shui-bian's resignation over a corruption scandal that could land his wife in prison.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Thousands of nationalist Turks marched in Ankara, vowing to defend the secular regime against radical Islamic influences and urging the government not to make too many concessions in order to gain EU membership.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, In Yemen an appeals court endorsed a lower court's decision to drop the most serious charges against 19 alleged al-Qaida members, clearing all of plotting to assassinate Westerners and blow up a hotel frequented by Americans.
    (AP, 11/4/06)

2007        Nov 4, Citigroup Inc. Chairman and Chief Executive Charles Prince, beset by the company's billions of dollars in losses from investing in bad debt, resigned. Citigroup in this quarter took subprime-related write-downs of $18.1 billion.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(Econ 5/6/17, SR p.5)
2007        Nov 4, Paula Radcliffe outlasted Gete Wami to win her second New York City Marathon in 2:23:09. Martin Lel of Kenya won his second men's title, in 2:09:04.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2007        Nov 4, Taliban insurgents seized Khak-e Sefid without a fight, its third district in western Farah province. A Farah provincial police chief said: "There are many Iranians and Pakistanis fighting among the Afghan Taliban." Local residents have complained that NATO-led troops, under Italian command in western Afghanistan, have not helped Afghan forces to retake the districts.
    (AP, 11/5/07)
2007        Nov 4, In Argentina a fire apparently set as part of an escape attempt swept through a prison cellblock and killed at least 29 inmates in the central province of Santiago del Estero.
    (AP, 11/5/07)
2007        Nov 4, Welshman Joe Calzaghe confirmed his status as boxing's best super-middleweight by unanimously outpointing Denmark's Mikkel Kessler in a triple world title fight at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.
    (AFP, 11/4/07)
2007        Nov 4, In Chad 3 French journalists and 4 Spanish flight attendants, among 17 detained for over a week in an alleged attempt to kidnap 103 African children, were released. French President Nicolas Sarkozy arrived in Chad on a visit to discuss the fate of Europeans facing charges for trying to fly 103 African children to Europe.
    (AP, 11/4/07)(Reuters, 11/4/07)
2007        Nov 4, Cairo, ranked one of the most polluted cities in the world, was reported to be once again under the shadow of a highly toxic black cloud which settles above the huge city every autumn. Exhaust fumes belched by millions of cars mixed with the hypertoxic emissions of the annual burning of rice stubble in rural areas of the Nile Delta are a prime cause, along with the city's ever-expanding population.
    (AFP, 11/4/07)
2007        Nov 4, In Egypt the face of King Tut was unshrouded in public for the first time, 85 years after the 3,000-year-old boy pharaoh's golden enshrined tomb and mummy were discovered in Luxor's famed Valley of the Kings in 1922.
    (AP, 11/4/07)
2007        Nov 4, Ethiopia's Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) rebels said they had killed another 270 government troops in heightened fighting in the eastern region of the country.
    (Reuters, 11/4/07)
2007        Nov 4, In Guatemala Alvaro Colom, a businessman promising to end Guatemala's desperate poverty, won the country's presidential election. Otto Perez Molina (56), a former general vowing a crackdown on rampant crime, had held a slim edge in polls over Alvaro Colom. Only 48% of registered voters went to the polls. Colom’s National Union of Hope will control only 52 of 158 seats in Congress.
    (AP, 11/4/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.47)
2007        Nov 4, Two carloads of gunman ambushed a top aide to Iraq's Finance Ministry in Baghdad, killing him and his driver. The two were among 15 people killed or found dead in Iraq. Kurdish rebels released eight Turkish soldiers in northern Iraq two weeks after they were captured in a deadly ambush that intensified pressure on the Turkish government to attack the guerrillas in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/4/07)
2007        Nov 4, Israeli aircraft fired at a rocket-launching site in the northern Gaza Strip, killing three civilians sleeping in a nearby storage container.
    (AP, 11/4/07)
2007        Nov 4, In Mexico a landslide hit a rain-swollen river, triggering what officials called a "mini-tsunami" that wiped San Juan Grijalva, in Chiapas near the Tabasco border, off the map. 15 bodies were later recovered with 9 left missing. The floods killed at least 8 others in Tabasco and elsewhere in Chiapas.
    (AP, 11/6/07)(AP, 11/13/07)(AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 4, Pakistani police wielding assault rifles rounded up opposition leaders and rights activists after Gen. Pervez Musharraf suspended the constitution, ousted the top justice and deployed troops to fight what he called rising Islamic extremism. Pro-Taliban militants set free 211 Pakistani troops they have held captive since late August in a tribal region near the Afghan border. In exchange Pakistan released 25 Taliban including Sohail Zeb (22), who was sentenced to 24 years in jail a month earlier after being arrested with 2 suicide belts.
    (AP, 11/4/07)(Reuters, 11/4/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.34)
2007        Nov 4, Some 5,000 nationalists turned out for the Russian March, held for the third year on National Unity Day, a holiday the Kremlin created in 2005 to replace the traditional Nov. 7 celebration of the 1917 Bolshevik rise to power. Preston Wiginton (43), a white supremacist from Texas, addressed thousands of Russian nationalists at the rally. A fire tore through a nursing home in Russia, killing at least 31 people, the latest in a series of deadly blazes that have underscored negligence and other problems plaguing state-run institutions.
    (AP, 11/4/07)(AP, 11/5/07)
2007        Nov 4, Somali pirates left the Tanzanian-flagged boats Mavuno 1 and 2, which they had hijacked in the waters off Somalia on May 15. The newly liberated vessels, and their crew of 24, were under US Navy escort. Among the crew on the South Korean-owned vessels were four South Koreans, 10 Chinese, three Vietnamese, three Indians and four Indonesians.
    (AP, 11/4/07)

2008        Nov 4, The US Presidential race was called for Barack Obama at 11p.m. on the East Coast. An hour later Obama was on stage at Grant Park in Chicago, speaking to the tens of thousands of supporters gathered there. Obama beat McCain 52% to 46% in the popular vote and 365 to 173 in the electoral college.
    (AP, 11/5/08)(Econ, 11/8/08, p.39)(SFC, 11/20/08, p.A16)
2008        Nov 4, The Federal Communications Commission ruled that a valuable chunk of wireless spectrum will be open to whatever mobile devices Americans want to use, amounting to a political setback for traditional telephone companies and a partial win for Google.
    (, 11/7/08, p.C1)
2008        Nov 4, In Alaska voters ousted Republican Sen. Ted Stevens. Democrat Mark Begich claimed a narrow victory on Nov 18, after a tally of remaining ballots showed him holding a 3,724-vote edge.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 4, Arkansas voters passed a measure blocking the adoption of children by unmarried couples. John McCain won the state by 20 points over Barack Obama. Arkansas voters approved a state lottery by a 63% margin. In 2010 a Circuit Court judge in Little Rock struck down the measure on adoption, saying it infringed on a person’s right to privacy.
    (SSFC, 11/9/08, p.A5)(Econ, 11/22/08, p.45)(SFC, 4/17/10, p.A4)
2008        Nov 4, California voters put a stop to gay marriage, creating uncertainty about the legal status of 18,000 same-sex couples who tied the knot during a four-month window of opportunity opened by the state's highest court. On Nov 19 the California state Supreme Court agreed to decide on the legality of the Proposition 8 measure. It was later reported that opponents and supporters had pumped a total of $85 million in to the measure. State voters approved Proposition 2 for improved treatment of farm animals. Voters also approved Proposition 1A, a $9.5 billion bond for high-speed rail service from SF to LA. Marin and Sonoma voters approved Measure Q for a quarter cent sales tax increase to build and operate a commuter train for Cloverdale to Larkspur. Prop. 11, a measure to overhaul state redistricting rules, passed as the final tally was completed 3 weeks later. 
    (AP, 11/6/08)(SFC, 11/5/08, p.A17)(SFC, 11/6/08, p.A17, B1)(SFC, 11/20/08, p.A1)(SFC, 11/27/08, p.A1)(SFC, 2/3/09, p.B1)
2008        Nov 4, California voters passed Prop. 9 by 54% increasing crime victims’ rights to participate in legal procedings and required inmates who are denied parole to wait as long as 15 years for their next parole hearing.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)
2008        Nov 4, Voters in Richmond, Ca., approved a Measure T, which called for a tax assessment on Chevron Corp. for the value of crude oil that is refined in the city. On Dec 16, 2009, a Contra Costa County judge struck down the tax.
    (SFC, 12/25/09, p.D1)
2008        Nov 4, Mitchell Daniels (R) was re-elected governor of Indiana with 58% of the vote.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.21)
2008        Nov 4, Massachusetts voters passed Question 2, a measure to decriminalize the possession of less than an ounce of marijuana, with 65% in support. Under the state constitution the measure becomes law after 30 days.
    (SFC, 11/7/08, p.A7)(Econ, 11/8/08, p.48)
2008        Nov 4, Michigan voted for Barack Obama and legalized medicinal marijuana.
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.48)
2008        Nov 4, In Missouri Democrat Jay Nixon was elected governor replacing Republican Gov. Mat Blunt, who did not seek re-election. Missouri’s 11 electoral votes went to McCain as it became the last state to complete results on Nov 19.
    (SFC, 11/5/08, p.A14)(SFC, 11/20/08, p.A16)
2008        Nov 4, President-elect Barack Obama won one of Nebraska's electoral votes, the first time in history that the state has split its votes and the first time in 44 years that it had given a vote to a Democrat. The result was not known until Nov 14. Nebraska voters did away with racial preferences.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(Econ, 12/6/08, p.37)
2008        Nov 4, Voters in Nevada favored Barack Obama and ousted 2 Republicans to give Democrats a majority in the state senate.
    (WSJ, 11/10/08, p.A10)
2008        Nov 4, In North Carolina Democrat Lt. Gov. Beverly Perdue was elected governor. Democrat Kay Hagan defeated Republican state Sen. Elizabeth Dole.
    (SFC, 11/5/08, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 4, In Tennessee John McCain beat Barack Obama by 15 points. Republicans held their 4 US House seats and took control of both chambers of the state legislature for the first time since Reconstruction.
    (WSJ, 11/22/08, p.A2)
2008        Nov 4, Oregon’s GOP Sen. Smith lost to Democrat Jeff Merkley, giving the Democrats at least 57 Senate votes in 2009.
    (WSJ, 11/6/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 4, Washington voted for Barack Obama and became the 2nd state after Oregon to legalize assisted suicide.
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.48)
2008        Nov 4, Michael Crichton (b.1942), doctor turned author and film director, died in LA. His books included “The Andromeda Strain" (1969), “The Great Train Robbery" (1975) and “Jurassic Park" (1990), all of which were made into popular films. He also created the TV series ER in 1994.
    (SFC, 11/6/08, p.A4)
2008        Nov 4, In Afghanistan Gen. David Petraeus, the new chief of the US Central Command, took a firsthand look at the war following a two-day visit to Pakistan. US-led troops killed five insurgents in the southern Helmand province, after the militants ambushed their patrol. in Kandahar province Don Ayala (46), a US military contractor, shot and killed Abdul Salam, an Afghan civilian, after Salam Afghan ignited a pitcher of fuel and threw it on social scientist Paula Lloyd (36), inflicting serious burns. On Nov 20 Ayala was charged in Virginia with 2nd degree murder. Lloyd died from the burns on Jan 7, 2009.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(SFC, 11/21/08, p.A3)(SFC, 1/10/09, p.A5)
2008        Nov 4, In Austria 2 men and a woman were arrested in the raid in the southern town of Villach. The raid on a suspected gang of international jewel thieves recovered an uncut ruby known as the "Prince of Burma" worth 3.2 million euros ($4.1 million). The ruby along with diamonds and other gems were stolen from a German jewelry dealer in Milan, Italy, in August.
    (AP, 11/6/08)
2008        Nov 4, In London A sketch by Winnie the Pooh illustrator E.H. Shepard titled "Tiggers Don't Like Honey" fetched 31,200 pounds ($49,770) at auction, well above the pre-sale estimate of 15,000 to 20,000 pounds ($24,000 to $32,000).
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, In China authorities in Chongqing, one of China's biggest cities, vowed to crack down on violence that has marked a rare strike by taxi drivers, and called for an immediate return to work.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, Gen. Mario Montoya, the commander of Colombia's army, resigned abruptly in a widening scandal over the killing of scores of civilians, allegedly spurred by promotion-seeking officers to inflate rebel body counts.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, Congolese rebel leader Laurent Nkunda threatened to take his eastern guerrilla war westwards to the capital Kinshasa unless the government agreed to talks on the country's future. Congo's government refused rebel leader Laurent Nkunda's demand for direct talks.
    (Reuters, 11/4/08)(AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, Human Rights Watch reported that both Georgia and Russia used cluster bombs during their brief summer war. Georgia’s bombs, purchased from Israel, killed at least 3 Georgian civilians, including 2 who touched unexploded bombs and died after the fighting ended. Many of the bombs were said to have malfunctioned.
    (WSJ, 11/4/08, p.A12)
2008        Nov 4, In Germany a tour bus returning from a day trip to a farm caught fire on a highway near the northern city of Hannover, killing 20 people. A cigarette was suspected but it may also have been caused by a spark from the undercarriage.
2008        Nov 4, India’s finance minister called in the bosses of state owned banks for a chat. Afterwards they said they would cut their lending rates by .75%.
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.91)
2008        Nov 4, In northern India. a passenger bus rolled into a gorge near Kufri, a popular ski resort, killing at least 45 people.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, Iran's parliament impeached Interior Minister Ali Kordan after he admitted having a fake degree from Oxford University, in a vote widely seen as a defeat for hard-line President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, In Iraq bombs exploded at a bus station and a small market in Baghdad, killing at least 15 people and wounding 29 others. One person died when a roadside bomb targeted the convoy of a Shiite government official and former member of the Iraqi Governing Council in central Baghdad. In Mosul a suicide bomber rammed his car into a passing police patrol, injuring four officers. One civilian died on the scene of a road accident with coalition troops near the city of Tikrit. A second Iraqi died after being rushed to an aid station.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(SFC, 11/5/08, p.A17)
2008        Nov 4, Italian police arrested 47 people including the wife of a jailed mafia boss in raids on a Naples-based organized crime syndicate. They also seized bank accounts and assets worth about 80 million euros ($102 million) in the raids.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, One of Mexico's top pointmen in the war against drug trafficking died when a government jet crashed into a Mexico City street, setting fire to dozens of vehicles. The loss of Interior Secretary Juan Camilo Mourino, former anti-drug prosecutor Jose Luis Santiago Vasconcelos and six others thinned the ranks of Mexico's already embattled leadership. 9 people on the plane were killed as well as 5 people on the ground. A 15th victim died 2 weeks later. A 16th victim died in On Dec 11. Three alleged hitmen suspected in the killing of a top border-state police official died in a gunbattle with police in Nogales. They were suspected of having helped kill Sonora state police chief Juan Manuel Pavon on Nov 2. One Sonora state police officer died in the shootout. A suspect in Pavon's killing was taken into custody.
    (AP, 11/5/08)(AP, 11/6/08)(AP, 11/18/08)(AP, 12/11/08)
2008        Nov 4, A World Bank delegation launched a sewage project, long delayed by the standoff between Israel and Hamas, in the Gaza Strip to prevent raw sewage from spilling into residential areas.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, In the Philippines a ferry packed with commuters overturned after it was buffeted by monsoon winds and huge waves, killing 42 people including 11 children. 76 people were rescued from the Don Dexter Cathlyn. It capsized shortly after leaving port in central Masbate island. Officials the next day detained the captain on suspicion of operating the vessel illegally.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(AP, 11/5/08)
2008        Nov 4, Puerto Rico voted to oust incumbent Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila, who is under indictment for allegedly violating campaign finance laws. Challenger Luis Fortuno of the pro-statehood New Progressive Party, vowed to fight crime and spur the island's troubled economy. On March 20, 2009, a jury found Vila not guilty on all 9 charges against him.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(SFC, 3/21/09, p.A2)
2008        Nov 4, In Moscow ultranationalists and anti-immigrant activists tossed smoke grenades and scuffled with riot police on a national holiday celebrating Russian unity. Youths assaulted a Turkmen diplomat outside his Moscow consulate and killed an Uzbek in separate attacks.
    (AP, 11/5/08)
2008        Nov 4, Spain’s government reported that the number of people claiming unemployment benefits has jumped to 2.8 million (11.3%), the highest since 1996, in the latest devastating fallout from the international financial crisis.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, Sudanese journalists launched a mass hunger strike, and three independent newspapers stopped work for three days in the country's biggest organized media protest against draconian censorship.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, Taiwan and China set aside decades of hostilities and agreed to drastically expand flights and allow shipping links across the Taiwan Strait, a potential hotspot that has long threatened to become a war zone.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents detonated two bombs at a tea stall and shopping area, killing one person and wounding at least 71.
    (AP, 11/4/08)
2008        Nov 4, In a bid to improve strained Catholic-Muslim relations, the Vatican hosted scholars, imans and clerics from both religions as it opened a three-day religious conference.
    (AP, 11/4/08)

2009        Nov 4, The New York Yankees beat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-3 in Game 6, finally seizing the World Series crown, the team's first since winning three straight from 1998-2000, making it championship No. 27.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, US federal prosecutors In NYC charged 53 people with running open-air drug markets at two housing projects near Yankee Stadium. Early morning raids had resulted in 37 arrests along with seizures of cash, guns and stockpiles of heroin and crack cocaine.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 4, US federal prosecutors said Alan Huey (53), a former top executive of SK Foods, has agreed to plead guilty to taking part in a 4-year conspiracy in which the California tomato processor bribed food companies and mislabeled tomato paste that exceeded government mold standards.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.C2)
2009        Nov 4, The US Dept. of Agriculture said pigs in a commercial herd in Indiana have tested positive for swine flu, making it the first time the virus has been found in such hogs.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A9)
2009        Nov 4, The city council of Red Bluff, Ca., approved 2 measures banning the growth and sale of medical marijuana, which contradicts current state law.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 4, In South Carolina Rodell Vereen, caught on video having sex with a horse, was sentenced to three years in prison after pleading guilty for the second time in two years to abusing the creature.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In western Afghanistan 2 US paratroopers went missing while trying to recover airdropped supplies from a river. The body of one soldier was reported found on Nov 11.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/7/09)(AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Australia a stabbing rampage at a secure psychiatric hospital left two people dead. The next day Peko Lakovski (49) was charged with two counts of murder after reportedly attacking his room-mate Raymond Splatt with a kitchen knife, before turning on another patient who was in bed at the time.
    (AFP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, British lawmakers will be banned from using taxpayers' money to make mortgage payments on second homes or hiring family members as staff under new rules published today in the wake of a scandal over legislators' allowances.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Cambodia said it has appointed former Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra as economic adviser to premier Hun Sen and his administration.
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Canada senior health officials in Alberta said they had fired an unidentified worker for giving National Hockey League players preferential access to the H1N1 flu vaccine.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, In China a guard at an unofficial jail in Beijing pleaded guilty to raping a young detainee, in a case that has put a spotlight on "black jails" where a growing number of people seeking justice from the government end up. The woman (21), from central Anhui province, had been expelled from college because of poor exam scores and came to Beijing to ask the government to reinstate her. The woman escaped the "black jail" with about 50 other detainees after the guard fled following the alleged rape. On Nov 12 Human Rights Watch said the unofficial black jails have evolved into a cottage industry and blamed a civil service evaluation system that penalizes officials if too many of their people complain to the central government. It was estimated that some 10,000 people were detained annually.
    (AP, 11/5/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 4, El Salvador's defense minister said the army will send an additional 2,500 soldiers to crime-plagued parts of the country to increase security. In the first 10 months of the year, there were 3,673 homicides in El Salvador, up from 3,179 in all of 2008. Many killings involved street gangs.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Fiji’s military leader Commodore Bainimarama booted out the High Commissioners of Australia and New Zealand. He said they were interfering with his efforts to replaced judges he sacked in April. He said relations would be restored only in 2014.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.53)
2009        Nov 4, Germany's politicians fumed with anger and Opel workers canceled cost concessions and readied walkouts after General Motors Co. abandoned the sale of its European subsidiary to parts maker Magna International and Russian lender Sberbank.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In southern India at least eight children drowned when a boat carrying at least 35 students capsized on the Chaliyar river in the Malappuram district of Kerala state.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Iranian security forces beat anti-government protesters with batons on the sidelines of state-sanctioned rallies to mark the 30th anniversary of the US Embassy takeover. The counter-demonstrations were the opposition's first major show of force on Tehran's streets in nearly two months. Iranian reporter Farhad Pouladi was taken into custody as he headed to cover a state-sanctioned rally outside the former US Embassy. Anti-government protesters also clashed with anti-riot police during counter marches not far from the rally. Police detained 109 people for "disturbing public order" during an opposition rally. 62 of those detained were handed over to judicial authorities for trial and the rest were released after questioning. Among those detained were a Japanese reporter and 2 Canadian reporters.
    (AP, 11/4/09)(AP, 11/5/09)(AP, 11/7/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 4, A 4.9-magnitude earthquake struck Bandar Abbas, a key port city in southern Iran, injuring at least 700 people and cutting power and telephone lines.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Iraq 2 American soldiers died, one in combat and one of noncombat-related injuries.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, Israeli commandos seized a ship that defense officials said was carrying more than 60 tons of missiles, rockets and anti-tank weapons bound for Lebanon's Iranian-backed Hezbollah guerrillas. The vessel Francop was operated by United Feeder Services, a Cyprus-based shipping company that said it picked up the cargo in Damietta, Egypt.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, An Italian judge found 23 Americans and two Italians guilty in the kidnapping of an Egyptian terror suspect, delivering the first legal convictions anywhere in the world against people involved in the CIA's extraordinary renditions program. The Americans and Italian agents were accused of kidnapping Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, also known as Abu Omar, on Feb. 17, 2003, in Milan, then transferring him to U.S. bases in Italy and Germany.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, Mexican authorities said 3 doctors and a nurse have been arrested for allegedly selling newborns after telling mothers their babies had died at a private hospital in Mexico City.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Mexico floods killed at least three people in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco where authorities struggled to persuade thousands of people to leave their inundated homes. Heavy rains have caused several rivers to overflow their banks flooding the homes of more than 50,000 people.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Mexico a gang of gunmen killed Sgt. David Booher, an off-duty US airman, and five other people at a strip club in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. A group of gunmen, believed to belong to the Gulf cartel, arrived at the home of Garcia Mayor Jaime Rodriguez to give him a "scare." As the group was leaving, they crossed paths with Brig. Gen. Juan Arturo Ezparza, who was driving to the mayor's home after hearing about the threat. The gunmen sprayed Ezparza's car with bullets, killing him along two former soldiers and two municipal police officers escorting the general. Kidnappers snatched an American woman (21) from her car in Tijuana and threatened to kill her unless they were paid $200,000. She was released on Nov 7 and 3 kidnappers were arrested.
    (Reuters, 11/5/09)(SFC, 11/5/09, p.A2)(AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 4, Morocco ordered the immediate departure of a Swedish diplomat accused of handing official Moroccan documents to Western Sahara-linked "separatists."
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Myanmar a top US official held talks with Aung San Suu Kyi as the ruling junta gave the democracy icon a rare break from house arrest during Washington's highest-level visit here in 14 years. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell also met PM Thein Sein as part of efforts by the Obama administration to re-engage with the hardline military regime.
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, A Nigerian senior health official said a fresh cholera outbreak has killed 20 people and left 200 others infected in northern Adamawa State in the past week.
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Pakistani soldiers battled Taliban fighters in the streets of Ladha, a key militant stronghold, as government forces pressed ahead with their offensive in the tribal region of South Waziristan. The military said fighting over the past day left 10 militants dead in Ladha and 30 dead across the region. A group of militants ambushed a van as it traveled near Khar, the main town in the Bajur tribal region, killing two female teachers and wounding two other passengers.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Paraguay President Fernando Lugo fired his military chiefs, a day after denying he had worries about a coup amid calls for his impeachment. Hortensia Damiana Moran (40), a religious activist who worked on President Fernando Lugo's election campaign, filed a petition asking a judge to order a DNA test to prove Pres. Lugo is the father of her son Juan Pablo. She became the third woman to file a paternity claim against Paraguay's Roman Catholic bishop-turned- president.
    (AP, 11/4/09)(AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, Saudi Arabia launched a large military incursion across the border into northern Yemen, using fighter jets and artillery bombardments to try to end a Shiite rebellion inside its troubled southern neighbor.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, The London-based indigenous rights group Survival International said Swine flu has appeared among the Yanomami Indians of Venezuela, one of the largest isolated indigenous groups in the Amazon. A local doctor and that the virus is suspected in seven deaths, including six infants.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2010        Nov 4, Microsoft released Kinect, a motion-tracking peripheral for the Xbox console. Scientists soon found uses multiple other uses for the device.
    (SFC, 1/10/11, p.D1)
2010        Nov 4, Sparky Anderson (76), Hall of Fame big league baseball manager, died from complications of dementia in Thousand Oaks, Ca. He was the first manager to win World Series titles in both leagues and the only manager to lead two franchises in career wins. Anderson won 863 games in nine years with the Cincinnati Reds and 1,331 in 17 seasons with the Detroit Tigers.
    (AP, 11/5/10)
2010        Nov 4, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban militants killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, In a new audio message Ayman al-Zawahri, al-Qaida's No. 2, vowed revenge for the imprisonment of Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani female scientist convicted of trying to kill US interrogators in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, British Foreign Secretary William Hague pledged that Britain would act fast to amend a law that puts visiting Israeli officials at risk of arrest for alleged war crimes.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, The Bank of England voted to keep its key interest rate at a record low 0.50 percent and opted against following in the footsteps of the US Federal Reserve with fresh stimulus measures.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, China's President Hu Jintao landed in Paris for a three-day state visit set to see the signing of billions of dollars in deals for nuclear, aviation and energy technology.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, In Costa Rica a rain-sodden hillside collapsed on homes in the suburb of San Antonio de Escazu, killing at least 20 people, many as they slept. At least 14 people were missing.
    (AP, 11/5/10)
2010        Nov 4, In Cuba all 68 people on board Flight 883 of Aero Caribbean were killed when their plane crashed in the central mountains after issuing an emergency call. The plane was a 15-year-old ATR-72-212 twin turboprop built by ATR, a joint venture of Europe's EADS and Italian group Finmeccanica.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, In the Czech Rep. a two-day informal gathering of NATO experts opened in Prague. They planned to consider the impacts of defense budget cuts by member countries.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, Egypt and the World Bank signed two new loan agreements worth 820 million dollars, in the largest financing provided by the institution to the country's electricity sector.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, European computer guards battled against a simulated attempt by hackers to bring down critical Internet services in the first pan-continental test of cyber defenses. All 27 of the EU member nations as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland took part in the simulation. The USA held its own major exercise against a large-scale cyber attack on critical infrastructure in late September with 12 international partners and 60 private companies. Cyber security will be one of the top issues that NATO leaders will tackle at a summit of the 28-nation military alliance in Lisbon on November 20-29.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, In India Irom Sharmila, an extremely frail 38-year-old woman dubbed "The Iron Lady," marked 10 years without voluntarily taking food or water, a hunger strike launched to protest an anti-terror law that grants Indian soldiers sweeping powers to crack down on rebels. She had her last voluntary meal on Nov. 4, 2000, in Imphal, capital of Manipur, one of several northeastern states facing armed rebellions against Indian rule. She was arrested three days later and has been force-fed through her nose ever since.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, In Indonesia clouds of hot ash gushed from the Mount Merapi volcano, forcing motorists in cities 20 miles (30 km) away to use their headlights in broad daylight and raising aviation concerns. The death toll climbed to 44.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, Thousands of Iranians chanted "Death to America" as they staged a mass protest against the "Great Satan" to mark the 31st anniversary of the capture of the American embassy by Islamist students. Iran reported the arrest of four Kurdish rebels of the banned Komala group, who worked for commander Jalil Fattahi, a militant based in Britain. They were arrested in Iran's western city of Marivan.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, In northern Iraq a rocket confiscated by authorities blew up in the back of a police pickup truck, killing four people. Two people died in a roadside bomb explosion west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, Ireland’s government said planned budget cuts worth €6 billion in 2011.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.85)
2010        Nov 4, In Israel the global diamond industry's oversight body upheld restrictions preventing Zimbabwe from exporting its vast stockpile of diamonds from a large mine after efforts to reach a compromise ended in deadlock. Extending the approval to all the fields dominated this week's Kimberley Process plenary meeting in Jerusalem, where the unanimous agreement of members is required to certify the trade of diamonds. Israel is this year's sponsor of the conference.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, Nigerian lawmakers approved constitutional changes allowing the postponement of presidential elections set for early next year after warnings there would not be enough time to prepare.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, In Russia on National Unity Day a group of men armed with knives killed 12 people, including four children, who had gathered for a celebration at a home in Kushchevskaya village. One of the children was strangled and another died of smoke inhalation when the attackers tried unsuccessfully to burn down the house. On Nov 15 prosecutors said that they had arrested Sergei Tsapok, and a member of his gang, Sergei Tsepovyaz. Four other suspects, including two teenagers, were arrested a week earlier. The farmer who was killed had refused to hand over some of his land.
    (AP, 11/15/10)(Econ, 12/11/10, p.30)
2010        Nov 4, Serbian President Boris Tadic apologized at the Ovcara site near Vukovar of the 1991 bloody massacre of more than 200 Croats, offering the strongest condemnation yet by a Serbian leader of Serb wartime atrocities.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, A Qantas A380 with more than 450 people on board made a dramatic forced landing in Singapore, trailing smoke from a blackened engine after the Airbus superjumbo's first mid-air emergency. In response Qantas Airways and Singapore Airlines suspended flights of the Airbus A380 superjumbos. In 2013 the engine failure was traced to an oil pipe that failed to conform to design specifications.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)(Reuters, 11/4/10)(AP, 6/27/13)
2010        Nov 4, In western Sudan 3 Latvian helicopter crew working for the United Nations were kidnapped. They were contracted to the UN Humanitarian Air Service, which delivers aid to poverty-stricken Darfur. On Dec 8 officials said the men had been freed with no ransom paid.
    (AP, 11/5/10)(AP, 12/9/10)
2010        Nov 4, In south Yemen a car bomb tore through a market near security headquarters in the town of Daleh, killing two people, one a policeman, and wounding 22.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, The UN named oil-rich Norway as the country with the best quality of life, while Asia has made the biggest strides in recent decades. Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Ireland followed at the top of the standings. Zimbabwe came in last among the 169 nations ranked, behind Mozambique, Burundi, Niger and Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 11/5/10)
2010        Nov 4, Vietnam disaster officials say new flooding in the central part of the country has killed 16 people, bringing the death toll over the past month to 159.
    (AP, 11/5/10)

2011        Nov 4, Texas mother Julianne McCrery (42) pleaded guilty to killing her 6-year-old son in New Hampshire and disposing of his body in rural Maine. A prosecutor said the woman smothered her son with motel room pillows and the child struggled against her for "about three minutes" before he died. On Jan 13, 2012, McCrery was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AP, 1/13/12)
2011        Nov 4, Groupon (GRPN), an online daily deal company, went public in an IPO at $20 per share and closed $26.11.
    (SFC, 11/5/11, p.D1)
2011        Nov 4, Andy Rooney (b.1919), writer and "60 Minutes" commentator, died, only a month after delivering his 1,097th and final televised commentary. His books included "Their Conqueror's Peace: A Report to the American Stockholders" (1947), documenting offenses against the Germans by occupying forces.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, NATO said US Major General Peter Fuller, deputy commander of NATO's mission to train and equip Afghan forces, has been dismissed after making "inappropriate public comments." He had accused leaders including President Hamid Karzai of being out of touch and ungrateful for American support.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, British Airways owner IAG said it has agreed to buy Lufthansa's UK unit bmi in a bid to squeeze more growth from its capacity constrained Heathrow hub and expand services to emerging markets in Asia and Latin America.
    (Reuters, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, At least seven people were killed and 51 injured, in one of the biggest British motorway crashes in decades, with an inferno burning vehicles to cinders on the M5 near Taunton. Police expected the death toll to rise. Police said smoke from a fireworks display may be linked to the 34-car pile-up.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)(AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 4, The Anglo-American mining firm agreed to pay the Oppenheimer family $5.1 billion for their 40% stake in De Beers, the world’s leading diamond miner.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.73)
2011        Nov 4, A Cambodian court sentenced American James D'Agostino (56), a volunteer doctor at a children's hospital in the Cambodian capital, to four years in prison on charges of sexually abusing a 15-year-old boy.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Colombia Alfonso Cano (63), FARC leader from Bogota's middle class, was felled by three bullets. Cano, born as Guillermo Leon Saenz, was killed in a remote area of the southwestern state of Cauca along with three other rebels, two men and a woman, hours after his hideout in forested hills was bombed. Troops recovered seven computers and 39 thumb drives belonging to Cano as well as a stash of cash.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, Farid al-Dib, lawyer for the family of Hosni Mubarak, said in a published interview that $340 million held in Swiss banks by the two sons of the ousted Egyptian president, and frozen there, are "legal profits" from consulting abroad.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, G20 nations, meeting in France, pledged to fight cross-border tax evasion under an agreement, which supporters say could raise tens of billions of dollars at a time when indebted European nations are scrambling for more revenue. Eurozone leaders accepted that a member could default and leave the euro.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.62)
2011        Nov 4, In Germany Uwe Boehnhardt (34) and Uwe Mundlos (38), founders of the National Socialist Underground, died in an apparent murder-suicide as authorities closed in on them in Eisenach. Beate Zschape, their female comrade, turned herself in after torching the group’s home in Zwicke, Saxony. The NSU allegedly killed 10 people from 2000 to 2007 while its members were being sought for other crimes.
    (, 11/19/11, p.57)(AP, 9/16/12)
2011        Nov 4, In India senior police officer D.D. Misra alleged that the government of India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh was the "most corrupt regime ever," before going on to accuse chief minister Mayawati and top bureaucrats of graft. He was sent to a mental hospital after making the accusations of corruption.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, In India the English rendering of Odisha state was officially changed from Orissa to Odisha.
2011        Nov 4, In Iraq Sunni widow Suad al-Obaidi (47) was arrested along with her allegedly Al-Qaeda boyfriend, after attacks on anti-Qaeda Sahwa (Awakening) militia in Diyala province a day earlier. Her boyfriend had convinced her to send her little boy (9) on a suicide mission, December 29, 2006, and then failed to stop the attack after she had a change of heart.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Israeli naval vessels intercepted two protest boats on their way to Gaza to try to break Israel's blockade. Commandos boarded the Irish-flagged Saoirse (Freedom) and the Canadian ship Tahrir (Arabic for Liberation) in international waters off Gaza before the navy escorted them to the port of Ashdod.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, The International Monetary Fund awarded a $616 million loan to Ivory Coast to help revive its economy devastated by post-election violence.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Japan agreed to give TEPCO, the operator of the stricken Fukushima nuclear power plant, $11.5 billion to help it pay compensation to those affected by the worst atomic disaster in 25 years.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Lebanon’s PM Najib Mikati confirmed in a broadcast interview that opposition figures from neighboring Syria had been kidnapped in Lebanon, but said they were isolated incidents.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Liberia’s Winston Tubman said he and his running mate, soccer star George Weah, will boycott the Nov 8 runoff because they are not convinced the process will be fair.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Mexico gunmen opened fire on a group of volleyball players in the drug violence-plagued state of Sinaloa, killing eight people and wounding at least seven. Federal police said they detained the second of three alleged leaders of a drug gang locked in a fierce battle for control of the Pacific resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Myanmar's President Thein Sein signed new legislation on political parties seen as encouraging Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy to reregister as a party.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Nigeria an attack started with a car bomb exploding outside a three-story building used as a military office and barracks in Damaturu, capital of Yobe state, with many uniformed security agents dying in the blast. Gunmen then went through the town, blowing up a First Bank PLC branch and attacking at least three police stations and some churches. Gunfire continued through the night and gunmen raided the village of Potiskum near the capital as well, leaving at least two people dead there. Another bombing alongside a road in Maiduguri killed four people. Suicide bombers driving a black SUV detonated outside a military base. At least 150 people died over the next 24 hours in the wave of bombings and shootings.
    (AP, 11/5/11)(AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Russia thousands of far-right nationalists and neo-Nazis marched through Moscow to call for ethnic Russians to "take back" Russia, as resentment grows over dark-complexioned Muslim migrants from Russia's Caucasus and the money the Kremlin sends to those restive regions.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Russia an international crew of researchers walked out of a set of windowless modules in Moscow after a grueling 520-day simulation of a flight to Mars. The all-male crew consisted of three Russians, a Frenchman, an Italian-Colombian and a Chinese.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Syrian security forces killed at least 15 people after thousands of protesters took to the streets, charging that President Bashar Assad never intended to abide by an Arab League plan to end violence.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, Uganda withdrew all corruption charges against former vice-president Gilbert Bukenya, ending one of the country's highest-profile graft cases. Bukenya, who was sacked in May, was facing two charges of abuse of office and one charge of fraud over accusations that he profited from a $3.7 million deal to supply vehicles for use in the 2007 Commonwealth summit in Kampala.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Venezuela's broadcast regulatory agency announced more confiscations of equipment from radio stations suspected of operating without licenses, a day after seizures at three other stations.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Yemen’s 25th Mechanized Brigade fired artillery shells at an area in Zinjibar's east killing five Al-Qaeda militants.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)

2012        Nov 4, The California state Supreme Court issued an order to allow the state’s political watchdog to identify contributors to an Arizona group’s last minute infusion of $11 million to campaigns opposing Gov. Brown’s tax initiative and supporting an antiunion measure on the Nov 6 ballot. The Arizona group declined and said it would appeal to the US Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 11/5/12, p.C1)
2012        Nov 4, In Canada Joseph di Maulo, an alleged Mafia kingpin, was shot dead in the driveway of his Quebec home.
    (Econ, 11/17/12, p.34)
2012        Nov 4, In China a closed-door meeting of the Central Committee ended. It endorsed decisions to expel Bo and former Railways Minister Liu Zhijun from the Communist Party and approved final preparations for the party's upcoming congress, which opens Nov 8.
    (AP, 11/4/12) 
2012        Nov 4, In Cyprus David Lee Collins (19), an off-duty British soldier, was stabbed to death in a nightclub. On Nov 5 a court in Cyprus remanded three British tourists in custody on suspicion of the fatal stabbing. On May 17, 2013, Mohammed Abdulkadir Osman (19) of London was jailed for eight years for the fatal stabbing. Charges against two other men arrested with him were dropped in a plea bargain.
    (AP, 11/5/12)(Reuters, 5/17/13)
2012        Nov 4, Egypt's ancient Coptic Christian church named a new pope. Bishop Tawadros will be ordained Nov. 18 as Pope Tawadros II.
    (AP, 11/4/12)
2012        Nov 4, Iran's powerful Revolutionary Guards inaugurated a new naval base to reinforce Tehran's authority over three Persian Gulf islands also claimed by the neighboring United Arab Emirates. Iran took control of the Persian Gulf islands in 1971, after British forces left the region. Since 1992 the UAE has repeatedly claimed the islands. Last month at the UN General Assembly it said Iran's "occupation" violates international law.
    (AP, 11/4/12)
2012        Nov 4, An Iraqi court handed the country's fugitive Sunni vice president a new death sentence after finding him guilty of ordering his bodyguards to attack Shiite pilgrims last December. It was the third case in which Tariq al-Hashemi was sentenced to death since last spring. The court also sentenced his son-in-law, Ahmed Qahtan, to death on similar charges.
    (AP, 11/4/12)
2012        Nov 4, In Japan thousands of people rallied in Tokyo against American deployment of Osprey military aircraft on Okinawa.
    (SFC, 11/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 4, In Mexico G-20 finance ministers and central bank governors began a 2-day meeting amid growing fears over the global impact of Europe's debt crisis and the stalemate over a fiscal plan in the United States.
    (AP, 11/5/12)
2012        Nov 4, In Russia some 6 thousand of nationalists marched through Moscow on Unity Day, chanting slogans including "Moscow is a Russian city" to express their resentment of dark-complexioned migrants from the Caucasus and Central Asia.
    (AP, 11/4/12)
2012        Nov 4, South African police said 14 rhinos in provinces have been found illegally dehorned in the past week. Three of them died. At least 458 of the country's endangered rhinos have been illegally hunted and killed this year.
    (AP, 11/5/12)
2012        Nov 4, In Syria a car bomb exploded near a major hotel in Damascus, wounding several people. State news agency SANA reported that gunmen assassinated a leading member of the ruling Baath party. It said the gunmen broke into the home of Ismail al-Hamadeh at dawn and sprayed him with bullets as he slept, killing him instantly. SANA also said the army destroyed some rebel vehicles fitted with machine guns in the Damascus suburbs of Harasta and al-Hajira and killed a handful of rebels. Syrian rebels overran the al-Ward oilfield in the province of Deir el-Zour near the border with Iraq.
    (AP, 11/4/12)

2013        Nov 4, US federal prosecutors said SAC Capital Advisors, a Connecticut-based hedge fund led by billionaire Steven A. Cohen, would plead guilty to five counts of fraud and pay a record fine of $1.8 billion.
    (Econ, 11/9/13, p.79)
2013        Nov 4, It was reported that scientists are struggling to find the trigger for a disease that appears to be ravaging starfish in record numbers along the US West Coast. The deadly syndrome, known as "star wasting disease," caused the sea creatures to lose their limbs and turn to slime in a matter of days. The disease was first detected in tide pools this summer along the coast of Monterey, Ca.
    (Reuters, 11/4/13)(SFC, 12/9/13, p.A13)
2013        Nov 4, In New Jersey Richard Shoop (20) fired shots into a ceiling at Garden State Palaza in Paramus and then killed himself.
    (SFC, 11/6/13, p.A5)
2013        Nov 4, Astronomers at NASA’s Ames research center said the Milky Way may have 11 billion Earth-like planets based on data from the Kepler spacecraft, now crippled and no longer providing new data.
    (SFC, 11/5/13, p.C3)(Econ, 11/9/13, p.84)
2013        Nov 4, In Vienna 7 Austrian neo-Nazis were sentenced to up to six years in prison. The members of the so-called Objekt 21, which witnesses linked to an illegal prostitution network, were convicted of "re-engagement with National Socialism" - a crime in Austria since 1947.
    (Reuters, 11/5/13)
2013        Nov 4, The British Co-operative Group announced plans to close around 50 of its bank branches as part of a £1.5 billion rescue plan that will give investors majority control of the lender.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, It was reported that Britain's biggest retailer Tesco plans to install screens at its petrol stations that scan customers' faces so that advertising can be tailored to their age and gender.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Canada-based BlackBerry abandoned hopes of finding a buyer, and instead pegged its future on a $1 billion cash infusion and new management, after the sudden departure of its chief executive.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Democratic Republic of Congo troops drove M23 rebels from one of their key hilltop positions in the east of the country, pushing on with their assault despite calls for a truce. Mortar shells fell on a market in eastern Congo, killing 4 people as fighting intensified between government soldiers and the M23 fighters.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)(AP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Egypt's deposed Islamist president defiantly rejected a court's authority to try him, saying he was the country's "legitimate" leader and those that overthrew him should face charges instead.
    (AP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Interpol and the Stolen Asset Recovery Project released a report on how Somali pircay is financed. “Pirate Trails: Tracking the Illicit Financial Flows from Pirate Activities off the Horn of Africa" was backed by the UN and World Bank.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.53)
2013        Nov 4, In Iran tens of thousands of demonstrators packed the streets outside the former US Embassy in Tehran in the biggest anti-American rally in years, a show of support for hard-line opponents of President Hassan Rouhani's historic outreach to Washington.
    (AP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Iranian Mehr news agency reported that commander Mohammad Jamalizade of Iran's Revolutionary Guards was recently killed in Syria after volunteering to defend a Shi'ite shrine in Damascus.
    (Reuters, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, In Iraq a double suicide bombing and other attacks killed 12 people. Legislators passed a law laying the groundwork for next year's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/5/13)
2013        Nov 4, A Kenyan court charged four Somali men with terrorist offences for helping al Qaeda-linked militants carry out an attack on a shopping mall in Nairobi that killed 67 people.
    (Reuters, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, In Mali French forces, who found the bodies of two radio journalists kidnapped and shot to death, followed the abductor's tracks in the sand and arrested about a half-dozen suspects. 4 people were killed when their truck hit a landmine in the Gao region.
    (AP, 11/4/13)(AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Mexican armed forces took control of  Lazaro Cardenas, a major Pacific port in Michoacan, as part of militarized efforts to contain drug cartel violence in the western state.
    (AFP, 11/5/13)
2013        Nov 4, New Zealand police said they were investigating a gang of young males who boasted online about stupefying underage girls with alcohol then having group sex with them. The case has raised concerns about how to police online bullying.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Nigeria's army shot dead 7 suspected Boko Haram fighters during a raid in a northeastern area where the Islamist rebels have killed dozens in the last week.
    (AFP, 11/5/13)
2013        Nov 4, In Lagos, Nigeria, 4 people were crushed to death and 25 rescued when a four-story building under construction collapsed.
    (AP, 11/5/13)
2013        Nov 4, In rural Norway a knife-wielding man hijacked a bus and killed the driver and two passengers before he was detained by authorities. A South Sudanese man suspected in the hijacking and killing was a failed asylum seeker who was about to be deported.
    (AP, 11/4/13)(AFP, 11/5/13)
2013        Nov 4, A Pakistani court granted former President Pervez Musharraf bail in a case related to the death of a radical cleric, paving the way for an end to his more than six-month house arrest.
    (AP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Some ten thousand Russian nationalists rallied in Moscow, venting against the migrants they accuse of pushing up the crime rate and taking their jobs.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Saudi authorities began a clampdown on illegal immigrants after the end of an amnesty that gave overstayers and workers a grace period to leave or legalize their status.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, South Korea's spy agency said that North Korea was using Russian technology to develop electromagnetic pulse weapons aimed at paralyzing military electronic equipment south of the border.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, A Spanish court impounded a luxury villa and other properties belonging to the son-in-law of Spanish King Juan Carlos in a corruption case. The court in Mallorca ordered the seizure of properties owned by Inaki Urdangarin, husband of the king's daughter Cristina. The court is investigating accusations that Urdangarin, an ex-Olympic handball player, and his former business partner Diego Torres embezzled six million euros in public funds.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, In Spain a rubbish strike began in Madrid and continued for 12 days. It ended after private maintenance companies cancelled plans to lay off a fifth of the Spanish capital's street cleaners.
    (, 11/16/13, p.58)
2013        Nov 4, In central Syria a suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden truck in the Shiite village of Sabtiyeh near Homs, killing six.
    (AP, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, In Thailand thousands of people emptied onto the streets of Bangkok to protest an amnesty bill passed by the lower house of parliament in the dead of night three days earlier. The opposition People’s Democratic Reform Committee (PDRC) was led by Suthep Thaugsuban, a former deputy prime minister.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.44)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.42)(Econ, 5/17/14, p.39)
2013        Nov 4, Tunisia's ruling Islamists and opposition parties suspended talks over forming a new caretaker government to end the country's crisis after the two sides failed to agree on naming a prime minister.
    (Reuters, 11/4/13)
2013        Nov 4, Venezuelan air force warplanes forced a small executive jet with a Mexican license number to land in the state of Apure, near the border with Colombia. Venezuela’s air force released images of the plane fuselage still in flames. President Nicolas Maduro later said the plane was full of cocaine.
    (AP, 11/10/13)
2013        Nov 4, Yemeni Shi'ite and Sunni Muslims fighters agreed to a ceasefire after days of clashes in Damaj killed at least 100 people. Saboteurs blew up an oil pipeline in southern Yemen that pumps crude oil to an export terminal on the Gulf of Aden.
    (Reuters, 11/4/13)(AFP, 11/4/13)

2014        Nov 4, The US asked the UN Security Council to freeze the assets and impose a global travel ban on three figures blamed by Yemen's western ally for orchestrating the current unrest. They included former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who allied with the Houthis, and two Houthi leaders.
    (AP, 11/5/14)
2014        Nov 4, Republicans captured control of the US House and Senate as voters remade Congress for the last two years of the Obama administration.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A13)
2014        Nov 4, Alaska voters elected independent candidate Bill Walker to replace incumbent Gov. Sean Parnell. Results were only made final on Nov 14.
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.A9)
2014        Nov 4, Alaska’s statewide initiative legalized marijuana, but allowed local governments to ban pot businesses within their borders. In 2017 voters in and around Fairbanks  and on the Kenai Peninsula rejected efforts to ban commercial marijuana cultivation and retail sales.
    (SFC, 10/5/17, p.A7)
2014        Nov 4, Arkansas approved an increse in the minimum wage from $6.25 and hour to $8.50 an hour.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A10)
2014        Nov 4, California voters re-elected Gov. Jerry Brown to a historic 4th term. State voters passed Proposition 47 to reduce penalties for some criminal offenses to misdemeanors.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A12)(Econ, 11/8/14, p.34)
2014        Nov 4, Voters in Berkeley, California, adopted the nation’s first soda tax, a 1-cent per-ounce levy on most beverages with added sugar.
    (SSFC, 11/9/14, p.C1)
2014        Nov 4, Nebraska approved an increse in the minimum wage from $7.25 and hour to $9.00 an hour.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A10)
2014        Nov 4, Oregon and Washington DC voted to legalize marijiana use by adults.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A10)
2014        Nov 4, Tom Wolf (D) was elected governor of Pennsylvania with 54.9% of the vote.
2014        Nov 4, Tennessee voters approved a measure that will give state legislators more power to regulate abortions.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A10)
2014        Nov 4, Texas voters approved a ban on hydraulic fracturing in the town of Denton, making it the first city in the Lone Star State to outlaw the oil and gas extraction technique behind the US energy boom. Texas voters also agreed to steer $1.7 billion of oil and gas production taxes toward the highway fund.
    (Reuters, 11/5/14)(Econ, 11/22/14, p.27)
2014        Nov 4, Washington state voters approved a measure to expand background checks on gun sales and transfers.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A10)
2014        Nov 4, West Virginia voters elected Saira Blair (18) to the state legislature making her the youngest state lawmaker in the US.
    (TIME, 11/17/14, p.39)
2014        Nov 4, Britain’s Rolls-Royce, the maker of aircraft engines, said that it plans to shed 2,600 jobs, mainly at its aerospace division, over the next 18 months to cut costs.
    (AFP, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, France and Saudi Arabia signed an agreement for Paris to provide the Lebanese army with $3 billion worth of weapons paid for by Riyadh.
    (AP, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, Georgia’s PM Irakli Garibashvili, a Georgian Dream party member, fired defense minister Irakli Alasania, a Free Democrats member, amid an investigation into corruption in the military. European Integration Minister Aleksi Petriashvili resigned in protest. A day later Foreign Minister Maya Panjikidze and three of her deputies followed suit.
    (AP, 11/5/14)
2014        Nov 4, In Iraq hundreds of thousands commemorated the slaying of Prophet Mohammad's grandson Hussein at the battle of Kerbala in AD 680, an event that defines the Shi'ite rift with Sunni Islam. During the ritual in Kerbala Shi'ites beat their heads and chests and gash their heads with swords to show their grief and echo the imam's suffering.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, Israeli forces demolished two Palestinian homes in an East Jerusalem neighborhood saying they had been built without construction permits. The homes were at the heart of clashes between Israeli police and Palestinian protesters.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, Libya closed Benghazi's commercial port due to clashes between the army and Islamist fighters in the area.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, Mexico City police detained Jose Luis Abarca, the former mayor of the city of Iguala, and his wife Maria de los Angeles Pineda, accused of ordering a police attack that left 6 people dead and 43 college students missing since last month.
    (AFP, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, In Nigeria suspected Boko Haram fighters stole dynamite and pick-up trucks from a French-owned cement works after robbing a bank, in a raid to fund and pursue their campaign of violence in the northeast.
    (AFP, 11/5/14)
2014        Nov 4, In Pakistan a mob in Punjab province beat a Christian couple to death and burned their bodies for allegedly desecrating a Koran.
    (AP, 11/5/14)
2014        Nov 4, About 20,000 civil servants in the Gaza Strip went on strike to protest the Palestinian unity government's refusal to pay military and security employees of the Islamist movement Hamas.
    (AFP, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, In Saudi Arabia 2 policemen and 2 suspects, allegedly linked to the deadly gun attack in eastern al-Ahsa district, were killed. Saudi authorities arrested 15 people in connection with the shooting that left 6 people dead.
    (AP, 11/4/14)(AFP, 11/5/14)
2014        Nov 4, Saudi Arabia ordered closed the offices of Wesal TV, a religious television channel accused of fomenting sectarian tension, after at least eight people were killed in an attack on Shi'ite Muslims marking a major religious anniversary.
    (Reuters, 11/5/14)
2014        Nov 4, Sierra Leone aid agencies said thousands of people were being forced to violate Ebola quarantines to find food because deliveries are not reaching them.
    (AP, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, Spain's Constitutional Court suspended plans by the northeastern region of Catalonia to hold an informal independence poll Nov. 9 following a legal challenge by the government. The regional government of Catalonia said that it would go ahead with a straw poll on independence.
    (AP, 11/4/14)(SFC, 11/5/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 4, A Thai court sentenced a university student to 2 1/2 years in prison for posting a message on Facebook that the court said insulted the country's king.
    (AP, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, Turkish politician Ahmet Karatas, a member of the opposition Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), was stabbed repeatedly in the capital Ankara, in an attack that his pro-Kurdish party blamed on a government-led 'lynch campaign' against it.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 4, Yemeni security officials said more than 30 people have been killed in clashes between Shiite Houthi rebels and tribal fighters backed by al-Qaida militants in the embattled town of Radda. US drone strikes killed at least 10 suspected al Qaeda militants in central Yemen. Fighting between members of Ansar al-Sharia and rebel Shi'ite Muslim Houthi fighters also killed 10 people.
    (AP, 11/4/14)(Reuters, 11/4/14)(Reuters, 11/5/14)

2015        Nov 4, In central California student Faisal Mohammad (18) stabbed four people with a hunting knife at UC Merced before he was shot to death by campus police. The FBI later said he was inspired by the Islamic State Group but had acted alone.
    (SFC, 11/5/15, p.A9)(SFC, 11/6/15, p.D9)(SFC, 3/18/16, p.D4)
2015        Nov 4, Melissa Mathison, screen writer and former wife (1983-2004) of Harrison Ford, died. Her work included the scripts for “the Black Stallion" (1979) and “E.T. the Extra Terrestrial" (1982).
    (SFC, 11/6/15, p.D7)
2015        Nov 4, It was reported that researchers from Beijing and California have found that mealworms are able to naturally biodegrade Styrofoam that would have otherwise sit in a landfill for more than a million years.
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, Afghanistan's president ordered a probe into the fatal stoning a week earlier of a young woman in a Taliban-controlled area after she was accused of adultery. The woman, identified as Rokhsana and believed to be aged between 19 and 21, had been forced to marry and was accused of adultery after she tried eloping with another man. The man she was eloping with was let off with a lashing.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, Bahrain’s interior ministry said it had arrested 47 members of a group it said had ties to "terror elements in Iran" and was also plotting attacks.
    (Reuters, 11/5/15)
2015        Nov 4, In Bangladesh an attack on a checkpoint near Dhaka left one police officer dead and another wounded. The Islamic State soonclaimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 11/6/15, p.A2)
2015        Nov 4, the Bosnian and Serbian governments held their first joint session since their conflict started 25 years during the dissolution of Yugoslavia. The two governments signed cooperation agreements on finding missing persons, telecommunications, protection of cultural heritage and sustainable development but announced this is just a beginning of a process of strengthening their relations.
    (AP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, In Canada Justin Trudeau (43) was sworn in as the country’s 23rd prime minister in front of a packed crowd.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, In Egypt a suicide bomber detonated a truck full of explosives at the main gate of a police club in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 3 police and wounding 10 others in an attack claimed by the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, Finland said it has suspended its decision-making process for Afghani asylum claims due to an ongoing assessment of the security situation in the country. It said it would also review EU practices and the possibility of returning people to Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, France said it will lift a ban on gay men giving blood, but only if they abstain from sex in the months beforehand, an exclusion denounced as discriminatory by rights groups.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, Indian police said authorities have detained key separatist leaders and hundreds of their supporters to prevent them from holding a protest rally during a visit by PM Narendra Modi to Kashmir this weekend.
    (AP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, In Indonesia thousands of tourists were stranded on three islands after ash from Mount Rinjani on Lombok Island forced the closure of airports and blanketed villages and farmlands.
    (AP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, The Maldives declared a state of emergency for 30 days citing a threat to national security.
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that growing, possessing and smoking marijuana for recreation is legal under the right to freedom.
    (AP, 11/5/15)
2015        Nov 4, In Pakistan a factory building collapsed as a new floor was being added in an industrial area on the outskirts of Lahore, killing at least 37 workers and injuring dozens. 103 people were rescued from the rubble.
    (AP, 11/4/15)(Reuters, 11/5/15)(AP, 11/7/15)
2015        Nov 4, A Palestinian driver ran over and injured an Israeli border policeman near the West Bank city of Hebron and was then killed by Israeli forces.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, Romanian PM Victor Ponta announced the resignation of his government following huge protests in the wake of a nightclub fire that killed more than 30 people. The outgoing government approved an emergency ordinance to raise wages for staff in the state education sector by 15 percent from December.
    (AP, 11/4/15)(Reuters, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, A South Korean government commission said that the remains of nearly 2,750 people, believed to be Koreans who were forced to work in Japan in the WWII era, have been found.
    (SFC, 11/5/15, p.A2)
2015        Nov 4, In South Sudan a Russian-built Antonov-12 B turbo prop cargo plane with passengers on board crashed after taking off from the airport in Juba, killing at least 37 people. Officials said the plane belonged to freight and logistics firm Allied Services Ltd. and was not authorized to carry passengers.
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)(AP, 11/5/15)
2015        Nov 4, Syria's army recaptured the only road into the government-held side of Aleppo city from Islamic State group fighters. Rebels shot down a government MiG warplane with anti-aircraft fire in Hama province, forcing its pilot to eject. The pilot died after his parachute failed. Warplanes believed to be Russian carried out several air strikes on areas of the northwest that were included in a local ceasefire agreed by warring sides in September.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)(Reuters, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, In Tunisia 30 lawmakers from the ruling party suspended their membership and threatened to resign in protest over what they called attempts by President Beji Caid Essebsi's son to control the party.
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called for a new constitution that would give him greater powers, heightening opposition fears over authoritarian rule.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)
2015        Nov 4, In Turkey 2 soldiers and 15 Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militants were killed fighting near the village of Daglica by the Iraqi border. A 20-year-old man was shot dead in the town of Silvan, where authorities ordered a round-the-clock curfew in three neighborhoods for a second successive day
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)

2016        Nov 4, In Louisiana former police Sgt. Gerard Dugue admitted that he helped cover up two fatal police shootings on Danziger Bridge after Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans on Aug 29, 2005.
    (SFC, 11/5/16, p.A9)
2016        Nov 4, New York City police Sgt. Paul Tuozollo was shot and killed in an exchange of gunfire with Manuel Rosales (35), who was also killed. Rosales opened fire on police officers who had stopped his car following a chase after a woman called 911 saying Rosales had broken into her home violating an order of protection.
    (SFC, 11/5/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 4, The Paris Agreement, a new global deal to tackle climate change, became international law. The agreement, crafted last December, seeks to limit the rise in average world temperatures to "well below" 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times, and ideally under 1.5 degrees, by weaning the world off fossil fuels.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Some of the world's biggest oil companies, including Saudi Aramco and Royal Dutch Shell, pledged to invest $1 billion to develop climate-friendly technologies as a global deal to wean the world off oil came into force.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Chilean police used tear gas and water cannon to break up a protest against the country's privatized pension system, which opponents say is leaving many retirees in poverty.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, China's Dalian Wanda Group said it has added another entertainment trophy to its stable of overseas acquisitions, paying $1 billion for Dick Clark Productions, the TV company that produces the Golden Globes and the "Miss America" pageant.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, French police removed thousands of migrants from a squalid camp in northeast Paris that had doubled in size after the closure last week of the "Jungle" camp in Calais.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Indonesian police fired tear gas and water cannon to disperse hardline Muslims protesters, after tens of thousands had rallied to demand the resignation of Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahja Purnama, who they said had insulted the Koran. At least one person was killed. Some Muslim groups have accused Purnama of blasphemy after he said his opponents had deceived voters by attacking him using a verse from the Koran.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)(AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Iraq bulldozers and tanks backed by air strikes pushed into the streets of Mosul from the east for the first time since Iraqi forces launched a broad offensive to retake the city on October 17. Jihadist fighters unleashed a deluge of bombs and gunfire on forces punching into the streets of Mosul, forcing some units into a partial pullback. At least seven suicide attackers in explosives-laden vehicles attacked troops, five of whom were killed before nearing their targets.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)(AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, In northern Iraq two roadside bombs struck a convoy carrying families fleeing the Islamic State-controlled town of  Hawija late today, killing 18 people.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Jordan three US military trainers were shot dead when the car they failed to stop at the gate of a military base and was fired on by Jordanian security forces at the Prince Faisal air base. One Jordanian soldier later faced murder charges.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)(SFC, 11/5/16, p.A5)(SFC, 6/7/17, p.A2)
2016        Nov 4, In northern Mali a French soldier was killed in an attack after a mine exploded as his armored vehicle passed by during a supply mission. The Mali-based Ansar Dine extremist group claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Pakistan five supporters of the Sunni Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ), which advocates for Shi'ites to be legally declared non-Muslim and has a violent offshoot that targets Shi'ite mosques, were killed in drive-by attacks in Karachi.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Pakistan a court in Peshawar ordered that Sharbat Gulla, the National Geographic's famed green-eyed 'Afghan Girl', be deported once her detention expires.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, South Korean President Park Geun-hye took sole blame for a "heartbreaking" scandal amid rising suspicion that she allowed a mysterious confidante to manipulate power from the shadows. Park also vowed to accept a direct investigation into her actions.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Syria two Russian soldiers and a Syrian journalist were injured in Aleppo when mortar rounds struck one of the exit corridors designated for the evacuation of rebels and residents from the eastern besieged part of the city during a temporary halt in fighting announced by Russia.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Tunisia's PM Youssef Chahed sacked Salem Abd El Jalil, the minister of religious affairs. A day earlier local media quoted Jalil as saying in parliament: "I told the Saudi ambassador in Tunisia that terrorism and extremism historically came from you ... You should reform your (religious) school."
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Turkey a car bomb attack in Diyarbakir killed at least nine people. The attack came just hours after authorities detained at least 12 pro-Kurdish lawmakers for questioning in terror related probes. PM Binali Yildirim said the bombing was carried out by the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Two more people soon succumbed to their wounds. A news outlet linked to the Islamic State said its fighters staged the bombing that killed 11 people.
    (AP, 11/4/16)(AFP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, Uganda's High Court ordered the closure of a chain of low-cost private schools backed by Microsoft and Facebook founders Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg. A judge ruled that the 63 Bridge International Academies provided unsanitary learning conditions, used unqualified teachers and were not properly licensed.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, UN experts said the Afghan government and several other countries estimated that there are about 45,000 opposition fighters in Afghanistan and that between 20 percent and 25 percent are foreigners.
    (AP, 11/4/16)

2017        Nov 4, The US ordered all non-essential employees of its mission in Somalia to leave Mogadishu because of “specific threat information" against them.
    (SSFC, 11/5/17, p.A4)
2017        Nov 4, NASA Scientists reported that the giant hole in Earth’s protective ozone layer has shriveled to its smallest peak since 1988.
    (SSFC, 11/5/17, p.A16)
2017        Nov 4, In eastern Afghanistan US Sgt. Stephen Cribben (33) died from wounds sustained during an operation in Logar province. In the north US military airstrikes in Kunduz province reportedly killed at least 13 civilians. A spokesman for the Afghan commandos denied civilian deaths and said the air strikes killed 25 Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 11/5/17)(SSFC, 11/5/17, p.A8)(SFC, 11/6/17, p.A2)
2017        Nov 4, Peter Pilz (63), an Austrian Green party parliamentarian, said he's giving up his seat in parliament amid allegations of sexual harassment. He was accused in comments published today in the Falter newsweekly of groping a young woman at a 2013 conference.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Speaking in Belgium ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont called for a united political front in the Dec. 21 election to continue the drive for independence from Spain and to protest against the imprisonment of former members of the regional government.
    (Reuters, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Cambodian PM Hun Sen called on lawmakers from the main opposition party to defect ahead of a court ruling on whether to dissolve it, saying they could be banned from politics for five years if they left it too late.
    (Reuters, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, China's rubber-stamp legislature made disrespecting the national anthem a criminal offense punishable by up to three years in prison amid rising nationalist appeals from the ruling Communist Party under the leadership of President Xi Jinping.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, China’s official Xinhua news agency said parliament has expelled disgraced senior politician Sun Zhengcai, once considered a contender for top leadership, paving the way for formal criminal charges to be laid against him.
    (Reuters, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, It was reported that an Egyptian court has convicted female TV presenter Doaa Salah of inciting immorality for offering on-air advice to women last July on how to be single mothers, sentencing her to three years in prison. Her imprisonment was suspended pending an appeal and she remained free.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, In Egypt prominent Nubian activist Gamal Sorour, arrested last month for taking part in a peaceful protest, died following a diabetic coma while in detention in Aswan. Sorour was among 25 Nubians arrested in Aswan in early September for staging a peaceful Nile-side protest.
    (AP, 11/5/17)
2017        Nov 4, In Germany some 25 thousand demonstrators marched through Bonn to protest the use of fossil fuels ahead of a global climate conference being held in the western German city next week.
    (AP, 11/4/17)(SSFC, 11/5/17, p.A4)
2017        Nov 4, In India participants from 20 countries took part in the three-day World Food India exhibition in New Delhi.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, India’s government said thousands of people have taken refuge in relief camps as torrential monsoon rains flooded parts of southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, killing at least 12 people this week.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, In India at least three people were killed and another six injured when a stampede broke out during a Hindu religious ritual on a crowded bank of the Ganges River in Begusarai, Bihar state.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Indonesia's first international gallery of contemporary art, the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Nusantara (Museum MACAN), opened, bringing together works by Ai Weiwei, Mark Rothko and Indonesian masters in a freeflowing modern space overlooking the Jakarta skyline. Its nearly 800 paintings and sculptures were mostly acquired by businessman Haryanto Adikoesoemo over the past 25 years.
    (AFP, 11/3/17)
2017        Nov 4, Thousands of Iranians protested in Tehran against President Donald Trump's policies and to mark the anniversary of the 1979 US embassy siege.
    (AFP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, In Japan an artificial intelligence (AI) character, named Shibuya Mirai, was made an official resident of a busy central Tokyo district, with the virtual newcomer resembling a chatty seven-year-old boy.
    (AFP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Lebanon's PM Saad al-Hariri resigned, saying from Saudi Arabia that he believed there was an assassination plot against him and accusing Iran and its Lebanese ally Hezbollah of sowing strife in the Arab world. Lebanese authorities believed Saudi Arabia forced Hariri to resign and is holding him against his will. Saudi Arabia has denied reports Hariri, a long time ally of Riyadh, is being held against his will and coerced into resigning.
    (Reuters, 11/4/17)(Reuters, 11/12/17)
2017        Nov 4, Officials said smog has enveloped much of Pakistan and neighboring India, causing highway accidents and respiratory problems, and forcing many residents to stay home.
    (AP, 11/5/17)
2017        Nov 4, Russian riot police detained dozens of people at a nationalist anti-Kremlin march on a public holiday known as the Day of National Unity. Some 200-300 people participated In the march.
    (AFP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Russian Tu-22M3 long-range bombers struck Islamic State targets near the town of Albu Kamal in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, A Russian helicopter was raised from the seabed where it had crashed last month off Norway's Arctic Svalbard archipelago with eight people on board. None of the missing people were inside the helicopter that went down Oct. 26.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, aka MbS (32), Saudi Arabia's future king, tightened his grip on power through an anti-corruption purge by arresting royals, ministers and investors, including billionaire Alwaleed bin Talal who is one of the kingdom's most prominent businessmen.
    (Reuters, 11/5/17)(SFC, 11/6/17, p.A3)
2017        Nov 4, In Sierra Leone an investigation found that as much as $2 million disappeared as the result of "likely collusion" between Red Cross staff and employees at a Sierra Leonean bank during the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, South Sudan's capital Juba was tense as more than 100 soldiers surrounded the residence of powerful former army chief Paul Malong in a bid to disarm his bodyguards. Malong, a general who was sacked by Pres. Salva Kiir in May, is a hardline ethnic nationalist who belongs to the president's majority Dinka tribe.
    (AFP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, In Sri Lanka thousands of motorists waited in long lines near fuel stations across the country to buy gasoline for a second straight day amid a fuel shortage. The distribution of gasoline to pumping stations was reportedly decreased because an imported shipment had to be rejected because it was substandard.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, In eastern Syria truck bomb blast near the Conoco gas plant near Deir el-Zour city killed more than a hundred people as locals awaited passage into SDF territory.
    (AP, 11/5/17)
2017        Nov 4, Islamic State militants inside Syria repelled an attack by Iraq's Popular Mobilization Forces, the paramilitary group of mostly Shiite fighters within the Iraqi security forces. The attack over the last 24 hours took place near the border town of Boukamal but that the PMF fighters crossed back into Iraq.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Venezuelan opposition lawmaker Freddy Guevara (31) requested Chile's protection after Venezuela's high court announced he would be prosecuted on charges punishable by a decade in prison. He became the sixth Venezuelan to seek protection at the embassy in under three months.
    (AFP, 11/5/17)
2017        Nov 4, Typhoon Damrey slammed into Vietnam's south-central coast, killing at least 15 people and leaving four others missing.
    (AP, 11/4/17)

2018        Nov 4, It was reported that the world's wild animal population has lunged 60 percent since 1970 because of pressure from human activities.
    (SSFC, 11/4/18, p.B12)
2018        Nov 4, In Afghanistan a Taliban attack in southern Kandahar province late today killed at least four policemen.
    (AP, 11/5/18)
2018        Nov 4, In Bahrain Shiite cleric Sheikh Ali Salman, who was a central figure in Bahrain's 2011 Arab Spring protests, was sentenced to life in prison on spying charges along with co-defendants Sheikh Hassan Ali Juma Sultan and Ali Mahdi Ali al-Aswad.
    (AP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, Jeremy Heywood (56), the former head of Britain's civil service and a senior adviser to PM Theresa May on implementing Brexit, died following illness.
    (Reuters, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, In China a Tibetan man set himself on fire and died in a protest calling for the return of the region's exiled Buddhist leader, the Dalai Lama. Dorbe (23) self-immolated in Ngaba county, a traditionally Tibetan region of Sichuan province.
    (AP, 11/9/18)
2018        Nov 4, Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel arrived in Pyongyang with his wife. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel — both hoping to get out from under US economic sanctions — agreed to expand and strengthen their strategic relations.
    (AP, 11/5/18)
2018        Nov 4, French President Emmanuel Macron kicked off a week of commemorations for the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One.
    (AFP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, Police in India said that they are investigating allegations that a 4-year-old girl was gang-raped the previous evening while being treated for a snake bite in an intensive care unit at a hospital in Uttar Pradesh state. One man was in custody and police were looking for others.
    (AP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, In India villagers circled around the female tiger after it killed the farmer late today in Uttar Pradesh state. When the tiger tried to escape, the villagers crushed it under the wheels of a tractor. Villagers said the tiger injured another person in an attack about 10 days ago.
    (AP, 11/5/18)   
2018        Nov 4, Thousands of Iranians chanting "Death to America" rallied to mark the anniversary of the seizure of the US Embassy during the 1979 Islamic Revolution and the imminent reimposition of US sanctions on Iran's oil sector.
    (Reuters, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, Rescuers said floods killed 12 people on the island of Sicily, including nine members of a single family, pushing Italy's week-long storm toll beyond 30.
    (AFP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, Japanese author Haruki Murakami (69) announced that he is working to set up a library that will showcase his works and also serve as a meeting place for research and international exchanges.
    (AP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, Voters in New Caledonia voted in a referendum on whether the French territory in the South Pacific should break free from the European country that claimed it in the mid-19th century. 56.4 percent of people rejected the proposition.
    (AFP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, In Mexico thousands of wary Central American migrants resumed their push toward the US, a day after arguments over the path ahead saw some travelers splinter away from the main caravan, which is entering a treacherous part of its journey. Mexico now faces the unprecedented situation of having three caravans stretched over 300 miles (500 km) of highway in the states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Veracruz, with a total of more than 6,000 migrants.  More than 500 migrants arrived at the Jesus Martinez stadium on the eastern side of Mexico City, where they were served hot meals and supplied with blankets to spend the night.
    (AP, 11/4/18)(Reuters, 11/5/18)(AP, 11/5/18)
2018        Nov 4, In eastern Syria the Islamic State group reportedly killed 12 US-backed SDF fighters in a surprise attack from the jihadists' holdout on the Iraqi border. An SDF spokesman, however, denied any members of his Kurdish-led alliance had been killed.
    (AP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, In Ukraine Kateryna Gandzyuk (33), an adviser to the mayor of the southern city of Kherson and an outspoken critic of corruption in law enforcement agencies, died following an acid attack in July. In 2019 Vladyslav Manger, the head of the regional council in the southern region of Kherson, was accused of financing the crime.
    (, 2/11/19)
2018        Nov 4, Officials in Yemen said fighting has escalated around the key port city of Hodeida, with more than 150 combatants killed over the weekend from both the rebel and government-backed sides. Yemeni forces backed by a Saudi-led coalition inched closer to the Red Sea port city of Hodeidah as they battled Iranian-aligned Houthi fighters entrenched there.
    (AP, 11/4/18)(Reuters, 11/4/18)

2019        Nov 4, The United States formally notified the UN that it was withdrawing from the Paris climate accord, making the world's largest economy the sole outlier from the agreement.
    (AFP, 11/5/19)
2019        Nov 4, A US appeals court ruled that Pres. Donald Trump's longtime accounting firm must hand over eight years of his tax returns to New York prosecutors. The office of Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance agreed not to enforce the subpoena while Trump petitions the Supreme Court.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, The Trump administration moved to relax Obama-era limits on coal plants discharging ash and metal contaminated waste into waterways.
    (SFC, 11/15/19, p.A6)
2019        Nov 4, The US Supreme Court refused to hear Time Warner's appeal in a 2017 case against the Charter Communications Inc unit. Time Warner Cable must pay $140 million in damages for infringing five Sprint Corp telecommunications patents.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, The Dow Jones industrial average climbed 114.75 to close at a record high of 27462.11.
    (SFC, 11/15/19, p.D3)
2019        Nov 4, FBI officials said they have arrested a suspected white supremacist who was allegedly planning a bombing at a Colorado synagogue. Richard Holzer (27) was allegedly planning to target Temple Emanuel in Pueblo, the state's second-oldest synagogue.
    (ABC News, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, State elections in Kentucky, Mississippi and Virginia tested the political waters ahead of 2020. Democrats took control of the Virginia legislature for the first time in more than two decades. In Mississippi GOP nominee Tate Reeves defeated Democrat Jim Hood.
    (Good Morning America, 11/5/19)(SFC, 11/6/19, p.A8)
2019        Nov 4, A US Border Patrol agent shot and killed a gunman who opened fire in Sunland oark, New Mexico, about a mile from the US-Mexico border.
    (SFC, 11/15/19, p.A5)
2019        Nov 4, In South Dakota Charles Rhines (63) was executed by lethal injection at the state penitentiary in Sioux Falls. He had been found guilty of murdering Donnivan Schaefer (22) in 1992 after Schaefer surprised him while he was burgling the Rapid City doughnut shop where Schaefer worked and Rhines was had been fired from weeks earlier.
    (Independent, 11/5/19)
2019        Nov 4, Microsoft Corp announced a new service aimed at helping large businesses put to use the huge amounts of data stored in corporate systems. The Azure Synapse system, to be unveiled at an event in Florida, is part of the company's fast-growing cloud computing unit, which has driven the company's shares up over the past five years.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Medical device maker Stryker Corp said it would buy smaller rival Wright Medical Group for about $4 billion in cash, expanding into the fast-growing business of implants for shoulders and wrists.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Australia, Japan and the US announced their "Blue Dot Network" an alternative to China's Bridge and Road Initiative (BRI).
    (, 7/6/20, p.33)
2019        Nov 4, It was reported that heavy rains and floods have killed more than 50 people and forced hundreds of thousands of people from their homes across East Africa as researchers warned warming oceans are causing unpredictable weather patterns in the region. Kenya reported 48 people killed; Somalia reported at least 17 killed.
    (Reuters, 11/6/19)
2019        Nov 4, Long-serving Labour Party lawmaker Lindsay Hoyle was elected speaker of Britain's House of Commons, taking up the job with a clear message: I'm not John Bercow.
    (AP, 11/5/19)
2019        Nov 4, It was reported that hundreds of thousands of Canadians have been unwittingly exposed to high levels of lead in their drinking water, with contamination in several cities consistently higher than they ever were in Flint, Michigan, according to an investigation that tested drinking water in hundreds of homes and reviewed thousands more previously undisclosed results.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Chinese President Xi Jinping expressed "high trust" in Hong Kong's embattled leader Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor in a meeting with Lam in Shanghai and "fully affirmed" the chief executive's response to unrest that has rattled the city since June.
    (South China Morning Post, 11/5/19)
2019        Nov 4, China joined 14 ASEAN countries meeting in Thailand in agreeing terms for what could be the world's biggest trade pact. India pulled out at the last minute on the grounds that the deal would hurt its farmers, businesses, workers and consumers.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Cyprus Pres. Nicos Anastasiades pledged to revoke any of his island republic's passports found to have been "mistakenly" granted to wealthy overseas investors under a controversial cash-for-citizenship program.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, The European Union criticized Israel's approval of plans to build over 2,000 new homes in West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, It was reported that Germany plans to increase by half the grants available to buyers of electric cars over the five years from 2020, the latest in a series of measures to speed the adoption of low-emissions vehicles.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Thyssenkrupp, a German industrial conglomerate, said it plans to invest 250 million euros ($279 million) at its unit that builds submarines and warships.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Authorities in India's capital New Delhi banished from the roads cars with number plates ending in an odd number in a bid to cut hazardous air pollution shrouding the city.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, In Iran thousands rallied outside the former US embassy in Tehran to mark the 40th anniversary of the Iran hostage crisis.
    (AFP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Iran announced a more than tenfold increase in enriched uranium production following a series of steps back from commitments under a 2015 nuclear deal abandoned by the United States.
    (AFP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, In Iraq anti-government protesters crossed a major bridge in central Baghdad, approaching the headquarters of state-run TV and coming to within 500 meters of the office of PM Adel Abdul-Mahdi. Security forces fired live ammunition and tear gas, killing at least five protesters and wounding dozens. A member of the security forces was also killed.
    (AP, 11/4/19)(AP, 11/5/19)
2019        Nov 4, In Indian-administered Kashmir one person died and at least 45 were injured in a grenade attack in Srinagar.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Israeli-based RedHill Biopharma Ltd's said its three-drug combination therapy to treat Helicobacter pylori bacterial infections had been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, sending its shares up 25%. Talicia, is an oral capsule comprising two antibiotics, amoxicillin and rifabutin, as well as omeprazole, a common treatment for heartburn.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Kenya's chief justice lashed out at budget cuts that he said were intended to undermine the court system and would hamper an anti-corruption drive.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, In Lebanon protesters closed major roads in Beirut and elsewhere in the country, accusing political leaders of dragging their feet on the formation of a new government amid differences over who should be included.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, In Mexico at least nine people from USA, including women and children traveling in at least three cars, were killed south of the Arizona border. They may have been targeted by mistake or caught in a crossfire between rival gangs. All the victims were believed to be Mormons with dual American-Mexican citizenship. A boy (13) who survived the mass shooting  managed to hide his six siblings in a bush before walking 14 miles for help. In December federal authorities arrested Fidel Alejandro Villegas, the police chief in the town of Janos, for suspected involvement in the attack that killed 3 women and 6 children. Villegas was the 4th person to be arrested on suspicion of participating in the attack.
    (Yahoo News, 11/5/19)(The Independent, 11/6/19)(SSFC, 12/29/19, p.A4)
2019        Nov 4, Romania's centrist government of PM Ludovic Orban won parliament's vote of confidence, unlocking the country's European commissioner nominating process and ending a gridlock that risked to extend the bloc's policymaking vacuum.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, President Vladimir Putin's conferred a state award on a Bulgarian charged with spying. The next day Russia warned of "very negative consequences" if this affected ties. Tensions had spiked in September when Bulgarian prosecutors charged a pro-Russian activist, Nikolay Malinov, with espionage and banned his alleged Russian handler from entering Bulgaria.
    (AFP, 11/5/19)
2019        Nov 4, South Korean President Moon Jae-in and Japanese PM Shinzo Abe had an 11-minute conversation on the sidelines of an international conference in Bangkok, the first time they had met in more than a year. They reaffirmed the principle of resolving pending bilateral issues through dialogue.
    (Reuters, 11/6/19)(SFC, 11/15/19, p.A2)
2019        Nov 4, A Turkish court convicted journalists Ahmet Altan and Nazli Ilicak of aiding a terror group but ordered both released from prison, where they had served more than three years in a case that has severely tested press freedom in the country.
    (AP, 11/5/19)
2019        Nov 4, Turkey captured Rasmiya Awad (65), the elder sister of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the slain leader of the Islamic State group, near the Syrian town of Azaz in Aleppo province.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Turkey's interior minister Suleyman Soylu said Turkey will send back Islamic State group members to their countries of origin.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Turkey said one of its soldiers has been killed by roadside bomb in northeastern Syria, bringing Turkey's military death toll to 14 since launching its incursion into Syrian Kurdish-held areas on Oct. 9.
    (AP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Eight Ugandan journalists were detained as they marched in the capital Kampala to protest what they said were police abuses, including beatings and detentions, during coverage of student protests last month.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Ukrainian soldiers and Moscow-backed separatists deferred the last phase of a troop pullback in war-torn eastern Ukraine at the 11th hour, delaying a high-stakes summit with Russia.
    (AFP, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, The Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission (ZACC) detained and charged Joram Gumbo, a cabinet minister and long-time ally of Pres. Emmerson Mnangagwa, for abuse of office alleged to have cost the government $3.7 million, the second high-profile graft case this year.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)

2020        Nov 4, The United States formally left the Paris Agreement, a global pact forged five years ago to avert the threat of catastrophic climate change. 189 countries remained committed to the 2015 Paris accord.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Pres. Donald Trump prematurely claimed he carried Georgia. He also said he planned to contest the US presidential election before the Supreme Court. Trump's reelection campaign said it had filed a lawsuit in Georgia to require that Chatham County separate and secure late-arriving ballots to ensure they are not counted.
    (AP, 11/4/20)(Reuters, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, The US recorded more than 100,000 new virus cases for the first time. Hospitalizations have topped 50,000 for the first time since early August.
    (NY Times, 11/5/20)
2020         Nov 4, California to date had 951,561 cases of coronavirus and 17,817 deaths. The SF Bay Area had 120,891 cases and 1,803 deaths. Total cases nationwide reached over 9,499,459 with the death toll at 233,836.   
    (, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, New Jersey released more than 2,200 inmates to reduce the risks of infection in crowded prisons.
    (NY Times, 11/5/20)
2020        Nov 4, City officials in Philadelphia released officer body camera footage and 911 calls in the police shooting of Walter Wallace Jr. The 27-year-old's shooting last week led to demonstrations and unrest in the city. City officials said the Philadelphia Police Department will take a number of steps to train officers to respond better to situations involving mental health crises after the death of Walter Wallace Jr.
    (Insider, 11/4/20)(CBS News, 11/5/20)
2020        Nov 4, British PM Boris Johnson said his government would roll out new types of COVID-19 testing "on a scale never seen before" to stem the growing pandemic when a new lockdown in England expires on Dec. 2.
    (Reuters, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Denmark said it will cull its entire herd of up to 17 million mink after a mutation of the coronavirus found in the animals spread to humans, posing risk to any possible future vaccine.
    (Reuters, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan said they have failed to agree on a new negotiating approach to resolve their years-long dispute over the controversial dam that Ethiopia is building on the Blue Nile.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Estonian health officials said 208 new coronavirus cases were confirmed in the past 24 hours, putting the cumulative total to 5,333 cases with 73 deaths.
    (SFC, 11/5/20, p.A5)
2020        Nov 4, Ethiopia's PM Abiy Ahmed ordered a military offensive to subdue the authorities in Tigray state, following an alleged attack on an army base. Internet and phone networks in Tigray were cut off.
    (BBC, 11/4/20)(Econ., 11/7/20, p.40)
2020        Nov 4, The French government banned the Grey Wolves, the militant wing of Turkey’s far-right Nationalist Movement Party, that it accused of leading violent actions and inciting hatred speech in France.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, The Israeli military said that troops killed a Palestinian man who had shot at soldiers near an army checkpoint in the occupied West Bank.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Italy registered 30,550 new coronavirus infections and 352 COVID-related deaths over the past 24 hours. A total of 39,764 people have now died in Italy because of COVID-19, while 790,377 cases of the disease have been registered to date. Italy imposed a nationwide 10 p.m. curfew and closed museums and high schools. In six hard-hit regions, including Sicily and the city of Milan, the government will shutter restaurants and limit travel.
    (Reuters, 11/4/20)(NY Times, 11/5/20)
2020        Nov 4, Government officials said Japan's Kagawa prefecture will cull 330,000 chickens at a farm after the country's first bird flu outbreak in poultry in more than two years.
    (Reuters, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Latvian health officials said 313 new coronavirus cases were confirmed in the past 24 hours, putting the cumulative total to 6,572 cases with 85 deaths.
    (SFC, 11/5/20, p.A5)
2020        Nov 4, It was reported that at least 40 people fleeing extremist violence in northern Mozambique drowned when their boat sank.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, In Nicaragua floodwaters from Tropical Storm Eta, isolated already remote communities and set off deadly landslides that killed at least three people.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, North Korea introduced smoking bans in some public places to provide citizens with “hygienic living environments," raising questions about whether the nation’s chain-smoking supreme leader may kick the habit himself.
    (The Telegraph, 11/5/20)
2020        Nov 4, Poland announced further restrictions to halt the spread of the coronavirus and said it would impose a full national lockdown if COVID-19 cases continue to surge.
    (Reuters, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Spanish emergency services said one migrant died on a boat carrying around 70 others that was intercepted today off Tenerife in the Canary Islands.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, The Swiss government authorized deploying up to 2,500 military personnel to help the country's hard-pressed health care system handle a second wave of coronavirus infections.
    (Reuters, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, The Syrian government shelled the last rebel last enclave in the country’s northwest, killing at least seven people, including four children.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, The death toll in last week’s Aegean Sea earthquake rose to 116 as rescuers in the Turkish city of Izmir finished searching buildings that collapsed in the quake.
    (AP, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Ukraine registered a record 9,524 new COVID-19 cases in the past 24 hours, a day after its minister described the situation in the country as verging on catastrophic.
    (Reuters, 11/4/20)
2020        Nov 4, Pope Francis tightened oversight on creating new religious orders. The new law requires written Vatican approval before a bishop can approve a new order.
    (SFC, 11/5/20, p.A2)

2021        Nov 4, Officials said President Joe Biden will begin enforcing his mandate that private-sector workers be vaccinated against COVID-19 or be tested weekly starting Jan. 4, in a reprieve to companies struggling with labor shortages during the crucial US holiday season. A requirement that federal contractors be vaccinated was moved back a month to the same date.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, The US justice department said Igor Danchenko, a Russian analyst who was the main source for Christopher Steele’s dossier on Donald Trump and Moscow, has been arrested by US authorities. A five-page indictment released today accused Danchenko of lying repeatedly to the FBI when interviewed in 2017 – a criminal offense.
    (AP, 11/5/21)
2021        Nov 4, The US Justice Department sued Texas, arguing that the state’s new voting law would disenfranchise people.
    (NY Times, 11/4/21)
2021         Nov 4, Total US COVID-19 cases reached over 46,262,847 with the death toll at 750,623.
    (, 11/5/21)
2021        Nov 4, Alphabet's said it plans to allow third-party payment systems in South Korea to comply with a new law, marking the first time the US tech giant has amended its payment policy for a specific country.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Emergent BioSolutions said the US government has canceled a $600 million deal with the company, a COVID-19 vaccine manufacturer that ruined millions of doses.
    (NY Times, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Australia charged Terence Darrell Kelly (36) with various offenses related to the abduction of Cleo Smith (4), who was recently found after an 18-day search following her disappearance from a family tent.
    (SFC, 11/5/21, p.A4)
2021        Nov 4, Austria's daily new coronavirus infections surged towards the record set a year ago, making a lockdown for the unvaccinated ever more likely as the government struggles to convince holdouts to get their shot. Roughly 64% of Austria's population is fully vaccinated against the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, The presidents of Belarus and Russia signed an array of measures to deepen the integration of the two countries but stop short of a full merger.
    (AP, 11/5/21)
2021        Nov 4, Belgium reported a steep rise in COVID-19 infections and hospitalizations back to levels last experienced in October 2020, three days after the United States advised its citizens against travelling to the country that hosts EU and NATO headquarters.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Britain became the first country in the world to approve molnupiravir, a potentially game-changing COVID-19 antiviral pill jointly developed by US-based Merck and Ridgeback Biotherapeutics, in a boost to the fight against the pandemic.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)(SFC, 11/5/21, p.A7)
2021        Nov 4, Beijing issued its first heavy pollution alert for the fall and winter, requiring the suspension of some outdoor construction, factory operations and outdoor school activities.
    (Reuters, 11/5/21)
2021        Nov 4, Sinopec, China's state-owned oil giant, signed a contract with the US Venture Global LNG to buy 4 million tons of LNG annually for 20 years at a ceremony in Shanghai.
    (South China Morning Post, 11/6/21)
2021        Nov 4, In Congo DRC thousands of historic artefacts were destroyed late today in the town of Gungu after a private museum burnt to ashes.
    (BBC, 11/5/21)
2021        Nov 4, Croatia reported 6,310 infections of COVID-19 which is the highest daily number of infections since the beginning of the pandemic.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, In Ethiopia a wave of fear spread across Addis Ababa as the authorities accelerated their campaign against members of the once-powerful Tigrayan ethnic group accused of sympathizing with rebels now pressing toward the city.
    (NY Times, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Coronavirus infections were hitting record levels in many countries across Europe as winter takes hold, prompting a call for action from the World Health Organization which described the new wave as a "grave concern".
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Germany's disease control agency reported the highest number of new coronavirus infections since the outbreak of the pandemic.
    (AP, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Hungary's governing party acknowledged that that the government had purchased the military-grade spyware Pegasus, produced by Israel-based NSO Group. The spyware was allegedly used it to target journalists, business people and an opposition politician.
    (SFC, 11/5/21, p.A4)
2021        Nov 4, The Climate Investment Funds (CIF) said India, Indonesia and the Philippines will join South Africa as the first recipients of a multibillion dollar pilot program aimed at accelerating their transition from coal power to clean energy.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Israel's parliament passed a national budget for the first time in three years early today, avoiding a November deadline that would have brought down the new government and triggered another election.
    (AP, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, The Latvian parliament allowed businesses to fire workers who refuse to either get a COVID-19 vaccine or transfer to remote work, as the country battles one of the worst COVID-19 waves in European Union.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Lebanese PM Najib Mikati said he had agreed with President Michel Aoun on a "roadmap" to solve a diplomatic row with Saudi Arabia.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, It was reported that Lithuania has built the first stretches of a steel wall on its border with Belarus since migrants from the Middle East and other areas began entering from Belarus this year.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, In Mexico dozens of migrants traveling north to Mexico City clashed with the National Guard in the southern state of Chiapas, near to where a Cuban national was killed on Sunday by the militarized police force.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, In Mexico two suspected drug gang members were shot dead on a beachfront near the southern resort of Cancun.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, The Netherlands reported a new outbreak of highly pathogenic H5 bird flu among ducks at a poultry farm in the central province of Flevoland. About 10,000 animals will be culled at the farm.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Environmental campaigners awarded their ‘Fossil of the Day’ award to the Polish government for giving — and then apparently backtracking on — a pledge to speed up its phaseout of coal power.
    (AP, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Portugal’s Pres. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa announced that he is dissolving parliament and calling a snap election for Jan. 30, following the minority Socialist government’s defeat in a key vote on post-pandemic plans to spend billions of euros in EU funding.
    (AP, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Russian President Vladimir Putin marked the national Unity Day holiday with a trip to Crimea, declaring the region will always be a part of Russia.
    (AP, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Russia’s national coronavirus task force said 1,195 people died of COVID-19 over the past day, exceeding the 1,189 recorded the previous day.
    (AP, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, In Scotland more than 40 countries pledged to phase out coal, the dirtiest fossil fuel, in a deal announced today at the United Nations climate summit in Glasgow. several of the biggest coal consumers were notably absent from the accord, including China and India, which together burn roughly two-thirds of the world’s coal, as well as Australia. The United States, which still generates about one-fifth of its electricity from coal, also did not sign the pledge.
    (NY Times, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, The Scotland registered Cornelis Gert Jan scallop dredger, impounded by France amid the dispute over post-Brexit fishing rights, arrived in the UK after being released by French authorities.
    (AP, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, Roche Pharma announced a $20.7 billion move to buy back nearly a third of its voting stock from fellow Swiss drugmaker Novartis.
    (Reuters, 11/6/21)
2021        Nov 4, The United Arab Emirates' Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC) said it has completed construction of Unit 3 of the Barakah Nuclear Energy Plant, the Arab world's first multi-unit operating nuclear energy plant.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)
2021        Nov 4, The UN food agency said world food prices rose for a third straight month in October to reach a fresh 10-year peak, led again by increases in cereals and vegetable oils.
    (Reuters, 11/4/21)

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