Today in History - September 18

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31CE        Sep 18, Sejanus, Roman head of praetorian guard, was executed.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

53CE        Sep 18, Marcus Trajanus (d.117), 13th Roman emperor (Trajan's Arch) (98-117), was born at Italica near Seville, Spain.

96CE        Sep 18, Domitian, Roman emperor, died. He was murdered and was succeeded by Nerva.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.83)(MC, 9/18/01)

1426        Sep 18, Hubert [Huybrecht] van Eyck, painter, died.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1437        Sep 18, Farmers revolted in Transylvania (later Rumania).
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1502        Sep 18, Christopher Columbus landed at Costa Rica during his 4th and last voyage.  Columbus left 52 Jewish families in Costa Rica.
    (MC, 9/18/01)(WSJ, 6/15/00, p.A1)

1544        Sep 18, English King Henry VIII's troops occupied Boulogne, France. [see Sep 14]
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1598        Sep 18, Toyotomi Hideyoshi (b.1536), Japan’s unifier and folk hero, died. His death left two main rivals for power, Ishida Mitsunari and Tokugawa Ieyasu.

1634        Sep 18, Anne Hutchinson, the first female religious leader in American colonies, arrived at the Massachusetts Bay Colony with her family. She preached that faith alone was sufficient for salvation. As her following grew, she was brought to trial and found guilty of heresy against Puritan orthodoxy and banished from Massachusetts. She left with 70 followers to Providence, Rhode Island, Roger Williams's colony based on religious freedom.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1636        Sep 18, Pietro Sanmartini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1679        Sep 18, New Hampshire became a county Massachusetts Bay Colony.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1709        Sep 18, Samuel Johnson, English lexicographer, essayist, poet and moralist best known for "The Dictionary of the English Language," was born.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1739        Sep 18, Turkey and Austria signed peace treaty-Austria ceding Belgrade to Turks.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1752        Sep 18, Adrien-Marie Lagendre, mathematician, worked on elliptic integrals, was born.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1755        Sep 18, Ft. Ticonderoga opened in NY.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1758        Sep 18, James Abercromby was replaced as supreme commander of British forces after his defeat by French commander, the Marquis of Montcalm, at Fort Ticonderoga during the French and Indian War.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1759        Sep 18, Quebec surrendered to the British and the Battle of Quebec ended. The French surrendered to the British after their defeat on the Plains of Abraham.
    (AP, 9/18/97)(HN, 9/18/98)
1759        Sep 18, British commander James Wolfe died at the Battle of Quebec.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1769        Sep 18, John Harris built the 1st spinet piano in the US.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1783        Sep 18, Leonhard Euler (b.1707), Swiss-born mathematician, died in St. Petersburg, Russia. His work estalished calculus as the basic tool of the mathematical sciences. Euler had introduced latin squares as a new kind of magic squares. It later formed the basis for the “sudoku" number game. In 2016 Ronald Calinger authored “Leonhard Euler: Mathematical Genius in the Enlightenment."
    (, 5/21/05, p.67)(Econ, 1/9/16, p.72)

1789        Sep 18, The 1st loan was made to pay salaries of the US president & Congress. [see Sep 13]
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1793        Sep 18, President George Washington laid the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol on Jenkins Hill.
    (AP, 9/18/97)(SFC, 7/18/98, p.A15)(HN, 9/18/98)

1809        Sep 18, The London Royal Opera House opened.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1810        Sep 18, Chile declared its independence from Spain (National Day). Bernardo O’Higgins helped lead Chile to independence.
    (AP, 9/18/97)(SFEC, 10/27/96, p.T9)

1812        Sep 18, A fire in Moscow (set by Napoleon's troops) destroyed 90% of houses and 1,000 churches. [see Sep 14]
     (MC, 9/18/01)

1819        Sep 18, Leon Foucault, French physicist, was born. [see Sep 17]
    (HN, 9/18/00)

1827        Sep 18, John Towsend Trowbridge, poet and author of books for boys, who wrote the Jack Hazzard and Toby Trafford series, was born.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1830        Sep 18, Tom Thumb" the first locomotive built in the United States, lost a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse. [see Aug 25]
    (HN, 9/18/98)
1830        Sep 18, William Hazlitt (b.1778), in his time England’s finest essayist, died. "A nickname is the heaviest stone that the devil can throw at a man." In 2008 Duncan Wu authored “William Hazlitt: The First Modern Man."
    (AP, 11/10/99)(WSJ, 1/16/09, p.W10)(

1839        Sep 18, John Aitken, physician and meteorologist, was born.
    (HN, 9/18/00)

1850        Sep 18, The US Congress passed the second Fugitive Slave Bill into law (the first was enacted in 1793) as part of Compromise of 1850. It allowed slave owners to reclaim slaves who had escaped to other states. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 set fines up to $1,000 for facilitating a slave’s flight. The act authorized federal commissioners to receive a $10 fee if they decided for a slaveholder, but only a $5 fee for deciding for a fugitive.
    (, 9/18/97)(WSJ, 1/30/03, p.D8)(AH, 10/02, p.53)

1851        Sep 18, The first edition of The New York Times was published as the New-York Daily Times. It was founded by Henry J. Raymond, Republican Speaker of the NY State Assembly, and banker George Jones as a conservative counterpoint to Horace Greeley's Tribune.
    (AP, 9/18/97)(SFEM, 1/16/00, p.17)(

1858        Sep 18, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas held the fourth of their senatorial debates, this one in Charleston, Ill.
    (AP, 9/18/08)

1861        Sep 18, Australian explorer John King (d.1872) was found by a rescue party. A land prospector or "squatter" touring the area in 1875 met an Aboriginal woman who claimed to have witnessed Robert O’Hara Burke being shot by John King, and he detailed her story in his journal. Historian Darrell Lewis unearthed the story around 1990.
    (ON, 12/01, p.5)(AFP, 7/23/11)

1862        Sep 18, After waiting all day for a Union attack which never came at Antietam, Confederate General Robert E. Lee began a retreat out of Maryland and back to Virginia. At Antietam, George McClellan and his 'bodyguard' dawdled throughout a long 'Fatal Thursday.'
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1863        Sep 18, Union cavalry troops clashed with a group of Confederates at Chickamauga Creek.
    (HN, 9/18/99)

1864        Sep 18, Battle of Martinsburg WV.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1881        Sep 18, The Chicago Tribune reported on a televideo experiment.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1874        Sep 18, The Nebraska Relief and Aid Society was formed to help farmers whose crops were destroyed by grasshoppers swarming throughout the American West. [see 1875]
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1888        Sep 18, Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Sign of Four."
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1891        Sep 18, Harriet Maxwell Converse was 1st white woman to become an Indian chief (her Indian name was Ga-is-wa-noh: the Watcher). She devoted herself to the study and preservation of Native American culture, was a staunch defender of Indian property rights during the 1880s.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1892        Sep 18, At Spithaead, England, verdicts and sentences were announced for the 10 prisoners from the mutiny on the Bounty. 4 men were acquitted, and 6 were found guilty and condemned to death. 2 of the condemned were pardoned and another was freed on a technicality. 3 were later hanged.
    (ON, 3/04, p.9)

1895        Sep 18, John G. Diefenbaker, conservative prime minister (13th) of Canada from 1957 to 1963, was born in Neustadt, Ontario.
    (HN, 9/18/98)(MC, 9/18/01)
1895        Sep 18, D.D. Palmer of Davenport, Iowa, founded the 1st "college" of chiropractic near a duck farm in Iowa.
    (MC, 9/18/01)
1895        Sep 18, The Montana State Capital Site Commission received the four property deeds from developer Peter Winne for the new seat of government in Helena.
    (HIR, 9/11/97, p.5A)

1897        Sep 18, Alberto Santos-Dumont crashed his 1st dirigible into trees at the Zoological Gardens in Paris.
    (ON, 3/03, p.10)

1904        Sep 18, In East London Jewish anarchists on Brick Lane pelted Ultra-Orthodox worshippers with bacon sandwiches on Yom Kippur.
    (, 3/5/11, p.17)

1905        Sep 18, Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, Oakland California, actor (Jack Benny Show), was born.
    (MC, 9/18/01)
1905        Sep 18, Greta Garbo (d.1990), actress nominated for Oscars for her roles in "Anna Christie" and "Ninotchka," was born in Stockholm.
    (HN, 9/18/98)(MC, 9/18/01)

1911        Sep 18, Russian Premier Piotr Stolypin (b.1862) died four days after being shot at the Kiev opera house by socialist lawyer Dimitri Bogroff. As governor of the Saratov province, Stolypin ruthlessly suppressed local peasant uprisings, and helped to squelch the revolutionary upheavals of 1905.
    (HN, 9/18/98)(

1914        Sep 18, Battle of Aisne ended with Germans beating the French during WW I.
    (MC, 9/18/01)
1914        Sep 18, Gen. von Hindenburg was named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front.
    (MC, 9/18/01)
1914        Sep 18, The Irish Home Rule Bill became law, but was delayed until after World War I. The Government of Ireland Act became law. It was an act by the British government to take effect at the end of World War I.
    (WSJ,3/13/95, p.A-15)(HN, 9/18/98)

1915        Sep 18, Reverend Sherman Coolidge (1862-1932), an Arapaho minister and one of the founders of the Society of American Indians (SAI), issued a proclamation declaring the second Saturday of each May as “American Indian Day" and appealing for US citizenship for American Indians.

1921        Sep 18, John Glenn, astronaut, was born. [see Jul 18]
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1926        Sep 18, A hurricane hit South Florida killing about 400 people and leaving some 50,000 homeless. The category 4 storm became known as the Great Miami Hurricane.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.116)(Econ, 6/15/13, p.27)

1927        Sep 18, The Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) made its debut with a basic network of 16 radio stations.
    (AP, 9/18/97)

1929        Sep 18, Preston Sturges' "Strictly Dishonorable," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/18/01)
1929        Sep 18, Charles Lindbergh took off on a 10,000 mile air tour of South America. B.F. Mahoney was the 'mystery man' behind the Ryan company that built Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1931        Sep 18-1931 Sep 19, The Mukden Incident was initiated by the Japanese Kwangtung Army in Mukden. It involved an explosion along the Japanese-controlled South Manchurian Railway. It was soon followed by the Japanese invasion of Manchuria and the eventual establishment of the Japanese-dominated state of Manchukuo. The neutrality of the area, and the ability of Japan to defend its colony in Korea, was threatened in the 1920s by efforts at unification of China. Within three months Japanese troops had spread out throughout Manchuria. The occupation ended at the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945.
    (HNQ, 11/27/98)

1934        Sep 18, The League of Nations admitted the Soviet Union. Joseph Avenol, secretary-general of the League of Nations, sold out the organization he had sworn to uphold.
    (WUD, 1994, p.424,1682)(HN, 9/18/98)

1940        Sep 18, Harper and Brothers published "You Can't Go Home Again" by Thomas Wolfe.
    (AP, 9/18/98)
1940        Sep 18, 19 German aircraft were shot down above England.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1943        Sep 18, Hitler ordered the deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful).
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1944        Sep 18, British submarine Tradewind torpedoed Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed. Tradewind, a twin-screw Triton-class boat of the Royal Navy, attacked the Japanese merchant ship Junyo Maru, killing an estimated 4,320 people--around 1,700 Western POWs, 500 Indonesian prisoners and thousands of Japanese slave laborers. Tradewind’s captain, Lt. Cmdr. S.L.C. Maydon, wasn’t aware until many years later that the ship he had sunk had been carrying human cargo, including thousands of his own, and Allied, troops.
    (MC, 9/18/01)(HNQ, 3/7/02)

1945        Sep 18, 1000 white children walked out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1946        Sep 18, Dr. Robert Shiurba, renowned scientist and Cafe Babar denizen, was born in Sacramento.
    (AR, 9/20/98)

1947        Sep 18, The National Security Act went into effect. It created a Cabinet secretary of defense and unified the Army, Navy and newly formed Air Force into a National Military Establishment. The US Air Force was carved out of the old Army Air Corps. The act established the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
    (HFA, ‘96, p.38)(AP, 9/18/97)(SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A4)

1948        Sep 18, Margaret Chase Smith became the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator's term when she defeated Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith was also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress.
    (HN, 9/18/98)
1948        Sep 18, Ralph J. Bunche was confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1949        Sep 18, Frank Morgan, actor (Annie Get Your Gun, Wizard of Oz), died at 59.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1951        Sep 18, Dr. Benjamin Solomon Carson, Sr., African-American neurosurgeon, was born.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1957        Sep 18, "Wagon Train" premiered.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1960        Sep 18, Two thousand cheered Castro's arrival in New York for the United Nations session.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1961        Sep 18, Dag Hammarskjold, Secretary-General of the UN, was killed in a plane crash in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). He was flying to negotiate a cease-fire in the Congo. Hammarskjold was the son of a former Swedish prime minister. In 1953, he was elected to the top UN post and in 1957 was reelected. During his second term, he initiated and directed the United Nation's vigorous role in the Belgian Congo. Hammarskjold had sent Conor O’Brien (1919-2008), an Irish diplomat, to the Congo where a rebellion was openly being backed by Belgium and secretly by Britain and France. O’Brien ordered in UN troops, but the mission ended in disarray and the UN repudiated the mission. O’Brien recounted his version of the events in his book “To Katanga and Back" (1962).
    (, 9/18/97)(SSFC, 12/21/08, p.B6)

1963        Sep 18, "The Patty Duke Show" premiered on ABC television.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
1963        Sep 18, The USSR ordered 58.5 million barrels of cereal from Australia.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1964        Sep 18, U.S. destroyers fired on hostile targets in Vietnam.
    (HN, 9/18/98)
1964        Sep 18, Sean O'Casey, Irish playwright (Playboy of Western World), died at 84.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1965        Sep 18, The NBC situation comedies "I Dream of Jeannie" and "Get Smart" premiered.
    (AP, 9/18/05)

1968        Sep 18, The film "Funny Girl" with Barbra Streisand premiered in NYC.

1970        Sep 18, Jimi Hendrix (27), rock star guitarist, died in London of drug overdose. Hendrix had performed briefly as an opening act for the Monkeys as well as behind the Isley Brothers and Little Richard. In 1978 David Henderson authored the biography “Scuse me While I Kiss the Sky." In 2005 Charles R. Cross authored “Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix."
    (WSJ, 1/9/97, p.A8)(AP, 9/18/97)(WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W13C)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.F1)

1972        Sep 18, Thousands of Gujarati Indians began arriving in Britain following their expulsion from Uganda by Dictator Idi Amin. Deprived of its business class the nation soon plummeted into economic chaos.
    (, 8/16/03, p.A21)

1973        Sep 18, Sondheim’s "A Little Night Music" moved to the Majestic Theater on Broadway.
1973        Sep 18, Australia abolished the death penalty.
    (SFC, 1/9/02, p.A8)(

1974        Sep 18, Hurricane Fifi struck Honduras with 110 mph winds and killed about 8,000. The hurricane made landfall as a Category 2 storm in Belize on the next day, and continued through Guatemala and Mexico as a tropical system. After weakening to a depression, Fifi emerged into the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first crossover storm since Hurricane Irene-Olivia in 1971.

1975        Sep 18, Police and FBI arrested SLA members Patty Hearst, William and Emily Harris, Steven Soliah and Wendy Yoshimura in SF. James Kilgore disappeared and later surfaced a Univ. of Cape Town Prof. Charles William Pape. He was arrested in 2002. Hearst was convicted of bank robbery and served over 22 months in federal prison. Pres. Carter commuted her sentence in 1979. Kathleen Ann Soliah remained a fugitive until 1999 when she was picked up in St. Paul, Minn., under the name of Sara Jane Olson. She was wanted for placing 2 pipe bombs under police cars in LA.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)(SFC, 6/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/11/09, p.B2)
1975        Sep 18, Fairfield Porter (b.1907), American artist, died. Much of his work was done along the Maine coastline.
    (WSJ, 9/4/03, p.D8)(

1976        Sep 18, Rev. Sun Myung Moon (b.1920) held a "God Bless America" convention.

1977        Sep 18, Cosmos, a Soviet nuclear-powered satellite, was launched. It fell onto Northern Canada on Jan. 24, 1978.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A1)

1979        Sep 18, The Who played the 5th of their 5 concerts at Madison Square Garden.
1979        Sep 18, Bolshoi Ballet dancers Leonid & Valentina Kozlov defected to the US.

1980        Sep 18, Cosmonaut Arnoldo Tamayo, a Cuban, became the first black to be sent on a mission in space.
    (HN, 9/18/98)
1980        Sep 18, In Damascus, Arkansas, a nuclear-armed Titan II missile exploded in its silo killing one serviceman and spreading toxic fumes in the area. In 2013 Eric Schlosser authored “Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety."
    (SSFC, 9/22/13, p.F1)
1980        Sep 18, Katherine A. Porter (b.1890), US author (Ship of Fools) and Pulitzer Prize winner (1966), died.

1981        Sep 18, The $11 million Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum was dedicated in Grand Rapids, Mich.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, p.T8)(AP, 9/18/01)
1981        Sep 18, The French National Assembly voted to abolish the death penalty. This in effect outlawed execution by the guillotine.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, Z1 p.6)(

1987        Sep 18, US President Reagan announced that he and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would meet later in the year to sign a treaty banning medium and shorter-range nuclear missiles.
    (AP, 9/18/97)
1987        Sep 18, The movie "Fatal Attraction," starring Michael Douglas and Glenn Close, opened in US theaters.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
1987        Sep 18, In San Francisco Pope John Paul II ended his 21-hour visit to the city by celebrating Mass at Candlestick Park before some 70,000 people.
    (SSFC, 12/22/13, p.A14)

1988        Sep 18, The Soviet Union won the first gold medal of the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, in the women's air rifle event, while U.S. divers picked up silver and bronze medals in women's platform.
    (AP, 9/18/98)
1988        Sep 18, In Burma Gen’l. Saw Maung (d.1997 at 69) became chairman of a military junta, called The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). He had been the army chief of staff and defense minister before leading the coup. The junta took power and put under house arrest Aung San Suu Kyi, the elected president. After years of economic distress the junta released Aung San in 1995 in hopes of gaining foreign economic aid. The junta announced that Burma would henceforth be called Myanmar, and the capital, Rangoon, Yangon.
    (, 6/30/96, A11)(SFC, 7/25/97, p.A18)

1989        Sep 18, California’s Gov. Deukmejian signed into law a bill making it illegal to eat household pets.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, DB p.42)
1989        Sep 18, The NeXT computer with NeXTSTEP 1.0 software was released. The computer was priced at $6,500.
    (SFC, 8/25/11, p.A10)
1989        Sep 18, Hurricane Hugo reached Puerto Rico, causing extensive damage as it continued to barrel toward the U.S. mainland.
    (AP, 9/18/97)

1990        Sep 18, The SF Giants cited rising player salaries and sought to raise ticket prices for a 3rd year in a row. Upper reserved seats at Candlestick would jump from $7 to $8 if approved by the SF Recreation and park Dept.
    (SSFC, 9/13/15, DB p.50)
1990        Sep 18, The city of Atlanta was named the site of the 1996 Summer Olympics.
    (AP, 9/18/97)
1990        Sep 18, Former savings-and-loan chief executive Charles H.  Keating was jailed in Los Angeles in lieu of $5 million bail after he was indicted on criminal fraud charges.
    (AP, 9/18/00)

1991        Sep 18, Saying he was "pretty fed up," President Bush said he would send warplanes to escort U.N. helicopters searching for hidden Iraqi weapons if Iraqi President Saddam Hussein continued to impede weapons inspectors.
    (AP, 9/18/01)
1991        Sep 18, The Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite was deployed from the space shuttle Discovery. It measured the ozone hole for the next decade. Operations of the satellite ceased in 2001 due to NASA economics. The space shuttle Discovery landed in California, ending a five-day mission.
    (SFC, 8/24/01, p.A13)(AP, 9/18/01)

1992        Sep 18, Ross Perot's name was submitted for the 50th state ballot -- Arizona -- on the same day that Perot hinted on NBC's "Today" show that he might throw his hat into the presidential ring, after all.
    (AP, 9/18/97)

1993        Sep 18, Kimberly Clarice Aiken of South Carolina was crowned Miss America at the pageant in Atlantic City, N.J.
    (AP, 9/18/98)

1994        Sep 18, Ken Burn's "Baseball" premiered on PBS.
1994        Sep 18, Tennis star Vitas Gerulaitis, 40, was found dead in the guest cottage of a friend's home in Southampton, N.Y., of accidental carbon monoxide poisoning.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
1994        Sep 18, Haiti's military leaders agreed to an Oct. 15 departure deadline, thereby averting a U.S.-led invasion to force them from power.
    (AP, 9/18/04)

1995        Sep 18, President Clinton began a five-day re-election campaign fund-raising tour that got off to a rocky start after a deal to convert the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard to civilian use collapsed at the last minute.
    (AP, 9/18/00)
1995        Sep 18, In Hong Kong pro-democracy candidates won a sweeping victory in the last legislative election under British rule. Democrats took 70% of the direct vote. China vowed to disband the legislature.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)

1996        Sep 18, Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole fell off a stage during a campaign rally in Chico, Calif., after a railing gave way; he was not seriously hurt.
    (AP, 9/18/97)
1996        Sep 18, The O.J. Simpson civil trial opened in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 9/18/97)
1996        Sep 18, The Food and Drug Administration declared the French abortion pill RU-486 safe and effective, but withheld final approval until later. The pill would be taken with the drug misoprostol, which was already approved for other purposes.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 9/18/97)
1996        Sep 18, In France Maurice Papon, a member of the Vichy government of WW II, was declared eligible for trial for his role in arresting and deporting 1,690 Jews during WW II.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A10)
1996        Sep 18, In Guatemala 2 generals and 16 officials were fired in a probe of black-market corruption.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A10)
1996        Sep 18, A North Korean submarine went aground off the coast of South Korea. The bodies of 11 crewmen were found dead nearby. Another 8-9 men were still at large. Seven more were found the next day and shot to death.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 9/20/96, p.A14)
1996        Sep 18, Photos taken of Mars that indicated a huge dust storm near the north pole that was active for months.
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A4)

1997        Sep 18, Coopers & Lybrand and Price Waterhouse agreed to merge to create the world's biggest accounting firm.
    (AP, 9/18/98)
1997        Sep 18, Media mogul Ted Turner pledged to give the United Nations $1 billion over the next ten years.
    (SFC, 9/19/97, p.A1)(AP, 9/18/98)
1997        Sep 18, In Colorado Sabrina (31) Bebb-Jones was reported missing by employees of the Hotel Melrose in Grand Junction. Her husband, Marcus Bebb-Jones, a professional gambler, was later accused of dumping her on a mountain pass in northwestern Colorado. Her skull was found and positively identified in 2004. He returned to his native England, where he was arrested in 2009.
    (AP, 4/12/10)(
1997        Sep 18, In Albania a Socialist lawmaker shot and wounded a rival from the opposition Democrats inside the parliament building.
    (WSJ, 9/19/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 18, In Bosnia a car bomb in Mostar injured about 50 people and destroyed 56, apartments, 9 businesses and 44 cars.
    (SFC, 9/20/97, p.A10)
1997        Sep 18, In Egypt two gunmen killed 10 people in Cairo’s Tahrir Square in front of the Egyptian Museum. Of the dead were nine German tourists and a bus driver and a dozen more were wounded as the tour bus was set afire. Saber and Mahmoud Abu el-Ulla, a former inmate of a mental hospital and his brother, were caught, convicted and sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 9/19/97, p.A12)(SFC,10/31/97, p.D3)(AP, 9/18/98)
1997        Sep 18, In Norway an explosion at a Russian-operated coal mine in the Svalbard islands killed 23 Russian and Ukrainian workers.
    (SFC, 9/19/97, p.A14)
1997        Sep 18, In Wales voters narrowly approved a referendum for partial self-government with 50.3% of the vote in which only 50% of the voters took part.
    (SFC, 9/19/97, p.A12)(AP, 9/18/98)

1998        Sep 18, The House Judiciary Committee voted to release the video tape of Pres. Clinton’s grand jury testimony along with 2,800 pages of sexually explicit testimony.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 18, A Clinton advisory board on race relations issued its $4.8 million, 121 page report: "One America in the 21st Century: Forging a new Future." Its recommendations included a call for a permanent White House panel on race relations.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 18, A federal judge in San Jose awarded the Church of Scientology a $3 million settlement against Grady Ward for publishing secret scriptures on the Internet. Grady would not have to pay the full fine if he refrains from publishing church secrets and pays the church $200 per month for the rest of his life.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A23)
1998        Sep 18, Mark McGwire hit his 64th home run of the season, pulling out of a tie with Sammy Sosa.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
1998        Sep 18, In Algeria a bomb exploded in a market in Tiaret and killed 22. Another 30 people were wounded in the blast.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.C16)
1998        Sep 18, In Bangladesh Muslim militants called for the death of Taslima Nasrin, a writer who suggested that the Koran be rewritten. Her novel "Lajja" (Shame) criticized Muslims for attacking minority Hindus after the 1992 mosque destruction in India.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.C16)
1998        Sep 18, The ozone hole over Antarctica reached 10.5 million sq. miles, its largest size ever. It opened to 2 1/2 times the size of Europe.  It was feared that ultraviolet radiation would impact the marine food chain.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B3)(SFC, 11/23/98, p.A10)
1998        Sep 18, The worst storm in a century hit the Netherlands and Belgium over the past week.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A5)
1998        Sep 18, In Israel Hamas supporters clashed with Israeli police during a rally for the Awadallah brothers. 32 Palestinians were injured and the borders with the West Bank and Gaza were again sealed.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A12)
1998        Sep 18, In Italy the TV dubbers agreed to end their 2-month strike.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.C16)
1998        Sep 18, Japanese leaders agreed to a plan to take over some of the biggest and weakest banks and to use taxpayer money to dispose of some $606 billion in bad loans.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A12)
1998        Sep 18, In Nigeria authorities dropped charges against Nobel Prize winner Wole Soyinka and 14 others. Gen’l. Abubakar had asked that the charges be dropped and said that he was seeking a national reconciliation.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.C16)
1998        Sep 18, In the Philippines the Princess of the Orient passenger ship sank south of Manila near Fortune Island with 443 people on board. There were 311 confirmed survivors. The sinking was blamed on a shift in cargo in heavy seas. Rescue efforts continued off the Philippines for the Princess of the Orient, a ferry which had sunk in a storm, leaving at least 70 people dead and 80 others missing.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A14)(SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A19)(WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A1)(AP, 9/18/08)
1998        Sep 18, Russia began using bank reserves to help pay bank debts and pump new money into the economy. Inflation was already running at 40% for the month.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.C16)
1998        Sep 18, A secret, 269 page Swiss report asserted that Raul Salinas assumed control of practically all drug shipments in Mexico in 1988 when his brother became president.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A12)
1998        Sep 18, Uganda’s government closed the Int’l. Credit Bank due to activities "detrimental to the interests of depositors."
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A22)

1999        Sep 18, The 79th annual Miss America Pageant was held in Atlantic City. Heather Renee French (24), a graduated design student from Maysville, Ky., was the winner.
    (SFC, 9/17/99, p.D3)(SFC, 9/20/99, p.A7)
1999        Sep 18, Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs hit his 60th homerun and became the 1st major leaguer to hit 60 in 2 different seasons.
    (WSJ, 9/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 18, A multinational fleet sailed toward East Timor, the vanguard of a U-N-approved force assigned to bring order to the bloodied Indonesian province.
    (AP, 9/18/00)
1999        Sep 18, In India poll violence left 44 people dead.
    (WSJ, 9/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 18, Indonesian troops prepared to leave East Timor as a multinational force steamed in.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A17)
1999        Sep 18, In Kosovo the KLA rejected a NATO plan to transform it into a small civil defense groups one day before the deadline for demobilization.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A20)
1999        Sep 18, Russian forces attacked rebel targets in Chechnya to prevent guerrilla raids in Dagestan.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 18, In Sri Lanka over 50 Sinhalese villagers were massacred by female-led Tamil rebels.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A10)(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A10)

2000        Sep 18, The first working day of a transit strike that began over the weekend forced nearly a half-million Southern California commuters to scrounge for rides or get behind the wheel themselves.
    (AP, 9/18/01)
2000        Sep 18, It was reported that scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab had fashioned the smallest transistor using a buckyball, single molecule of carbon-60.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A6)
2000        Sep 18, In Argentina 2 men, suspected in the assassination of Paraguayan Vice Pres. Luis Maria Argana, escaped from jail.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A10)
2000        Sep 18, In Colombia gunmen released 23 captives from as many as 80 in the highlands outside Cali.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A9)
2000        Sep 18, In Indonesia Gen. Rusdihardjo, the national police chief, was fired by Pres. Wahid for not arresting Tommy Suharto.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A9)
2000        Sep 18, In the Ivory Coast loyalist soldiers drove back attackers in an assassination attempt on Gen. Guei. 2 bodyguards were killed.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A10)
2000        Sep 18, In Jordan a military tribunal sentenced 6 Muslim militants to death for planned terrorist attacks against US and Israeli targets in Jordan. 4 of the 6 were at large and tried in absentia.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 18, It was reported that Kenya was losing 50,000 ebony trees annually due to the thriving wood-carving industry. An estimated 80,000 carvers used the wood.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A8)
2000        Sep 18, Workers began rebuilding a railway line between the capitals of North and South Korea.
    (AP, 9/18/01)
2000        Sep 18, Somali gunmen freed 2 European aid workers.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A10)

2001        Sep 18, A week after the Sept. 11 attacks, President George W. Bush said he hoped to "rally the world" in the battle against terrorism and predicted that all "people who love freedom" would join. Pres. Bush won a strong commitment from French Pres. Jacques Chirac to fight terrorism.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.A1)(AP, 9/18/02)
2001        Sep 18, The US asked Lebanon and Syria to extradite Palestinian and Lebanese Shiites suspected of terrorism in the past 20 years.
    (WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A12)
2001        Sep 18, It was reported that more than 4 planes may have been targeted by hijackers on Sep 11.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 18, James Ziegler, US Immigration commissioner (INS), signed an order extending the time detainees could be held in terrorist probes.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.A7)
2001        Sep 18, Letters postmarked in Trenton, N.J., and later tested positive for anthrax, were sent to the New York Post and NBC anchorman Tom Brokaw.
    (AP, 9/18/02)
2001        Sep 18, Analysts said the terrorist attacks will trigger a full-blown recession and that the economy would rebound in 2002.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.D9)
2001        Sep 18, The new computer worm, W32.Nimda, struck the Internet.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.D1)
2001        Sep 18, The US airline industry won assurances of billions of dollars in financial help from the government. Charitable donations to victims of the terrorist attacks topped $200 million. Boeing estimated that it would cut as many as 30,000 workers by the end of the year.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A3)
2001        Sep 18, Boeing announced plans to lay off up to 30,000 commercial airplane employees by the end of 2002.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2001        Sep 18, The number of dead in NYC was estimated at a probable 5,422 due to the Sep 11 terrorist attack.
    (WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 18, In Cairo a 15-year-old boy was sentenced to 3 years in prison for practicing homosexuality.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.B4)
2001        Sep 18, In Eritrea authorities ordered all independent newspapers closed and arrested 6 former generals and Cabinet ministers in an apparent crackdown on dissent.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.B4)(SSFC, 4/29/12, p.E9)
2001        Sep 18, Pres. Yasser Arafat declared "a cease-fire on all fronts" and Israel responded by suspending military operations against Palestinian targets and withdrawing from Palestinian-ruled areas.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.B2)
2001        Sep 18, In Serbia a court reported that 269 bodies had been removed from a mass grave at Batajnica, 6 miles north of Belgrade. The bodies were suspected to be ethnic Albanians killed in the 1998-1999 war in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.B4)

2002        Sep 18, The Bush administration pressed Congress to take the lead in authorizing force against Iraq, with Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld asserting, "It serves no U.S. or U.N. purpose to give Saddam Hussein excuses for further delay."
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2002        Sep 18, Bob Hayes (59), former Olympic gold medal sprinter (1964) and Dallas Cowboy, died.
    (WSJ, 9/20/02, p.A1)(NW, 9/30/02, p.15)
2002        Sep 18, A French appeals court ordered wartime collaborator Maurice Papon freed, accepting his lawyers' arguments that the 92-year-old is too sick to finish his 10-year sentence for helping send Jews to Nazi death camps.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2002        Sep 18, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 2 ruling party workers were gunned down and a ruling lawmaker was attacked ahead of the second round of voting in a state election dogged by anti-poll violence that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/18/02)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A10) 
2002        Sep 18, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a bus stop in the Arab-Israeli village of Umm al-Fahm in northern Israel, wounding several people.
    (AP, 9/18/02)
2002        Sep 18, Abu Salem, alleged terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most wanted men, was arrested in Portugal. Salem is accused by Indian police of being involved in the country's worst bombing attack, which killed 257 people in Bombay in 1993, as well as a string of murder and extortion cases.
    (AP, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 18, The World Bank reported that the Vietnamese natural environment, which supports one of the world's most biologically diverse ecosystems, has deteriorated rapidly over the past 10 years.
    (AP, 9/18/02)

2003        Sep 18, Hurricane Isabel plowed into North Carolina's Outer Banks with 100 mile-an-hour winds and pushed its way up the Eastern Seaboard; the storm was later blamed for 30 deaths.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2003        Sep 18, Anti-virus companies warned of a new computer worm circulating through e-mail that purports to be security software from Microsoft Corp.
    (Reuters, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, In Afghanistan US forces killed at least 11 Taliban in fighting over the last 3 days as part of operation "Mountain Viper," which has been going on for more than two weeks. US helicopters attacked a tent in southern Afghanistan, killing two Taliban militants and 10 nomadic tribesmen after the Taliban sought shelter there. Local Taliban commander, Mullah Mohammed Gul Niazi, was among the dead.
    (AP, 9/18/03)(AP, 9/20/03)
2003        Sep 18, In Afghanistan US helicopter fire left 5 women and four children dead and six people wounded in the Nuabahar district.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 18, A law against "promotion" of homosexuality was removed from the British statute books, after more than a decade of gay-rights protests.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, A human rights group estimated that 11,000 children are fighting in Colombia's civil war.
    (SFC, 9/19/03, p.A15)
2003        Sep 18, Iraqi guerrillas ambushed an American patrol in Al Auja, Saddam Hussein's native village, killing 3 US soldiers. The number of US killed since the start of war in March reached 297.
    (SFC, 9/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 18, Genshin Fujinami (44), a Japanese Buddhist monk of the Tendai sect, completed a 7-year, 24,800-mile spiritual journey to the Hiei mountains. 46 other marathon monks have completed the journey since 1885. The ritual, believed to be a path to enlightenment, dates to the 8th century.
    (SFC, 9/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Sep 18, Nepal was shut down in a 3-day strike imposed by Maoist rebels.
    (WSJ, 9/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 18, A Russian military jet crashed in central Russia during a test flight and four crew members are missing.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, Syria's new prime minister formed a 31-member Cabinet, touted as a new effort to carry out economic and bureaucratic reforms.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, Zimbabwe's high court ordered the nation's only independent newspaper reopened. Police had shut it down because it refused to get a government license.
    (WSJ, 9/19/03, p.A1)

2004        Sep 18, Miss Alabama Deidre Downs, an aspiring medical student, won the Miss America contest.
    (AP, 9/19/04)
2004        Sep 17, Pop singer Britney Spears married her fiance, dancer Kevin Federline, in a surprise ceremony.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2004        Sep 18, Louisiana voters overwhelmingly approved a state constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriages and civil unions.
    (AP, 9/19/04)
2004        Sep 18, The Economist announced its annual prizes for technology innovators. Winners in 6 categories included: David Goeddel for gene cloning; Vic Hayes for standardizing Wi-Fi networks; Linus Torvalds for the development of Linux; Takeshi Uchiyamada for developing the Prius hybrid car; Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer and Christoph Gerber for developing the scanning-tunneling microscope (1981); and Muhammad Yunus for the development of micro-credit.
    (Econ, 9/18/04, TQ p.17)
2004        Sep 18, Russ Meyer (82), producer-director who helped spawn the "skin flick" with such films as "Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!" (1966) and later gained a measure of critical respect, died. In 2005 Jimmy McDonough authored “Big Bosoms, Square Jaws: The Biography of Russ Meyer, King of Sex Films.
    (AP, 9/22/04)(SFC, 9/22/04, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/10/05, p.E1)
2004        Sep 17, Marvin Mitchelson (76), Hollywood divorce lawyer, died in Beverly Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2004        Sep 18, In Afghanistan 4 gunmen riding two motorcycles ambushed the car of a militia commander in Helmand province, killing him and wounding two of his guards.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
2004        Sep 18, Munich's mayor opened the southern city's 171st Oktoberfest festival for a crowd of some 500,000.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
2004        Sep 18, India said the US had lifted export restrictions on equipment for India's commercial space program and nuclear power facilities.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
2004        Sep 18, Indian troops shot dead 14 Islamic militants in clashes across Indian-administered Kashmir, while suspected rebels killed four civilians.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
2004        Sep 18, The UN atomic watchdog agency demanded Iran suspend all uranium enrichment activities and set a November timetable for compliance.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
2004        Sep 18, Militants threatened to decapitate two Americans and a Briton being held hostage unless their demands were met within 48 hours. In Kirkuk a car bomb near a crowd of recruits killed 19 people and wounded 67.
    (AP, 9/18/04)(SSFC, 9/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 18, Northern Ireland's rival Protestant and Roman Catholic parties are being left to find common ground on their own, after three days of intensive high-level talks failed to come up with a deal to revive power-sharing government in the province.
    (AFP, 9/19/04)
2004        Sep 18, Moscow police arrested Alexander Pumane, a former submarine officer, on suspicious behaviour and found mines and explosives in his car. Pumane soon died under interrogation.
    (Econ, 10/23/04, p.52)
2004        Sep 18, A divided UN Security Council approved a resolution threatening oil sanctions against Sudan unless the government reins in Arab militias blamed for a killing spree in Darfur and ordered an investigation of whether the attacks constitute genocide.
    (AP, 9/19/04)
2004        Sep 18, Ugandan helicopter gunships and ground troops attacked a rebel hideout in southern Sudan, killing at least 25 insurgents and capturing seven others.
    (AP, 9/19/04)

2005        Sep 18, "Everybody Loves Raymond" won the Emmy for best comedy in its final season; first-year hit "Lost" was named best drama.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2005        Sep 18, Former US president Bill Clinton sharply criticized George W. Bush for the Iraq War and the handling of Hurricane Katrina, and voiced alarm at the swelling US budget deficit.
    (AP, 9/19/05)
2005        Sep 18, Tropical Storm Rita formed southeast of the Florida Keys.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2005        Sep 18, Joel Hirschhorn (67), songwriter, died. He shared 2 best theme Oscars with Al Kasha: one for “The Morning After" from The Poseidon Adventure (1972); the other for “We May Never Love Like This Again," from the film “The Towering Inferno" (1974).
    (SFC, 9/21/05, p.B6)(
2005        Sep 18, Afghans chose a legislature for the first time in decades, embracing their newly recovered democratic rights and braving threats of Taliban attacks to cast votes in schools, tents and mosques. The turnout was reported to be a disappointing 50%. 19 polling stations were attacked by Taliban insurgents and a dozen people were killed. Women won seats in 13 of the 34 provinces.
    (AP, 9/18/05)(WSJ, 9/23/05, p.A1)(Econ, 9/24/05, p.17)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.46)
2005        Sep 18, Exit polls showed conservative challenger Angela Merkel's party leading in German parliamentary elections but falling short of the majority she needed to form a center-right coalition as the nation's first female chancellor. Merkel's bloc won the most votes in elections, but fell short of a clear mandate to govern.
    (AP, 9/18/05)(AP, 9/18/06)
2005        Sep 18, in Indonesia the main zoo Jakarta was shut down after 19 of its birds died of the avian influenza that has killed four people in the sprawling country.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 18, Iran said that it has no plans to resume uranium enrichment soon but warned that it might change its mind if the International Atomic Energy Agency asks the UN Security Council to consider sanctions against the Islamic Republic.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 18, Iraq's parliament signed off on revisions to the country's draft constitution as a leading lawmaker declared that acceptance of the new charter was a matter for the people.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 18, In Iraq police found 20 bodies shot to death and dumped in the Tigris River north of the capital, where there was no major violence for the first time in five days. 4 more were found handcuffed and shot in east Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 18, Armed Shiite militiamen from the outlawed Mahdi Army demonstrated in central Basra after British soldiers arrested their local leader on charges of terrorism. British forces confirmed they had arrested "three prominent individuals".
    (AP, 9/19/05)(Econ, 9/24/05, p.55)
2005        Sep 18, Fakher Haider (38), an Iraqi journalist working for The New York Times, was abducted him from his home in the southern city of Basra by men claiming to be police officers. His body was found the next day.
    (AP, 9/19/05)
2005        Sep 18, Yegor Yakovlev (75), a journalist whose weekly Soviet newspaper became a flagship of openness during the glasnost era of Mikhail Gorbachev, died.
    (AP, 9/23/05)
2005        Sep 18, At least 2.2 million people die of work-related accidents and diseases around the world each year, the UN International Labour Organization said in a report, adding that the estimate was 10 percent higher than in 2002. The report was to be released at the 17th World Congress on Safety and Health at Work in Orlando, Florida, which runs to Sep 22.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 18, Leaders from developing nations took the speaker's platform on the second day of the annual UN General Assembly debate to criticize rich countries for not doing enough to ease the plight of the world's poorest people.
    (AP, 9/19/05)

2006        Sep 18, The US Commerce Department said the current account deficit had widened more than expected in the second quarter to $218.4 billion, as surging oil prices pushed goods imports higher.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 18, A jury in Santa Clara, Ca., convicted Dean Schwartzmiller (64) of molesting 2 San Jose boys. Authorities said he had molested over 100 boys and chronicled his exploits in a manuscript.
    (SFC, 9/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 18, Researchers at Intel and UC Santa Barbara announced new technology using lasers on silicon chips for optical computing. Practical use was thought to be 5-7 years away.
    (SFC, 9/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 18, The body of Luz Maria Franco-Fierros (49) was found dragged to death in Castle Rock, Colorado, leaving a trail of blood more than mile long. Police the next day arrested Jose Luis Rubi-Nava (36) as suspect in the murder.
    (SFC, 9/21/06, p.A20)(SFC, 9/22/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 18, Anousheh Ansari (40), an Iranian-American telecommunications entrepreneur, took off on a Russian rocket bound for the international space station, becoming the world's first paying female space tourist. Aboard the space station, an oxygen generator overheated and spilled a toxic irritant, forcing the crew to don masks and gloves in the first emergency ever declared aboard the 8-year-old orbiting outpost.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2006        Sep 18, The 184-nation IMF approved reforms to increase the voice of China, South Korea, Turkey, and Mexico to reflect their growing economic sway.
    (SFC, 9/19/06, p.D2)
2006        Sep 18, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a bicycle killed four Canadian troops handing out candy to children and wounded 27 civilians. A suicide car bombing in Kabul killed at least four policemen and wounded one officer and 10 civilians. In Heart a bombing killed 12 people and wounded 17 including the deputy police chief. An outdoor wedding celebration north of Kabul was attacked by assailants who threw a grenade, killing five women and wounding 18. Four suspects were detained after the blast in the village of Sayadan.
    (AP, 9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)(AP, 9/20/06)
2006        Sep 18, In Bangladesh at least 100,000 opposition supporters rallied in Dhaka demanding electoral reforms ahead of national elections and using strident rhetoric against the ruling coalition.
    (AFP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 18, A court in Belgium ordered Google to remove all links to French and German language newspaper reports published in Belgium due to copyright laws.
    (SFC, 9/19/06, p.D7)
2006        Sep 18, Britain and Spain reached a historic deal to resolve side issues stemming from their 300-year-old dispute over Gibraltar, but sidestepped the main one, their claims to the Rock's sovereignty.
    (AP, 9/19/06)
2006        Sep 18, Premier Wen Jiabao said China will increase its peacekeeping force in Lebanon to 1,000 and double the humanitarian aid it has pledged.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 18, In Colombia federal prosecutor Mario Iguaran delivered a televised apology for a scandal surrounding psychic Armando Marti. In 2005 he had hired Marti, a self-described clairvoyant, to help his staff deal with a crushing caseload and to improve relations. The operation was code-named “Mission Perseus of Zeus" and it granted Marti unfettered access to the institution, as much as $1,800 a month, and a government-issued armored car.
    (SFC, 9/20/06, p.A8)
2006        Sep 18, In Germany Jacqueline Battles, the German wife of an American contractor accused of cheating the US government in Iraq, was arrested on suspicion of money laundering. In March a US jury ordered contractors Mike Battles and Scott Custer to pay $10 million for swindling the US government over Iraqi rebuilding projects in connection with their Middletown, R.I.-based company, Custer Battles LLC.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 18, The Iraqi army's 4th division took over operational control of central Salahuddin province from the US-led coalition. Sheik Fassal al-Guood, a prominent Sunni tribal leader, said 15 of Ramadi's 18 tribes "have sworn to fight those who are killing Sunnis and Shiites," and said they had an armed force of about 20,000 men. Bombers and gunmen killed 8 people in Baqouba as security forces prepared to further tighten security ahead of the holy month of Ramadan. In southern Basra police found the body of Lt. Col. Fawzi Abdul Karim al-Mousawi, chief of the city's anti-terrorism department. Gunmen killed a former member of the defunct Ba'th Party in Hillah. Police in Baghdad found the bodies of 3 men, bound, blindfolded and shot in the head. Six bombs killed 24 people and wounded 84 in Kirkuk. The tortured bodies of 15 people were found elsewhere. In total bombers and gunmen killed at least 41 people and wounded dozens across Iraq, while parliament leaders again put off debate on legislation that some Iraqis fear could threaten the country's unity and bring even more violence. 3 US soldiers died, including one killed by a roadside bomb explosion and another after being shot. A third soldier died from non-battle-related injuries.
    (AP, 9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)
2006        Sep 18, Israel said it will consider freeing Palestinian prisoners and releasing millions of dollars in tax rebates to Palestinians if their government moderates its hardline views. Israel charged three Hezbollah members arrested in Lebanon during the recent war with murder for involvement in deadly attacks on soldiers.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 18, Palestine’s PM Ismail Haniyeh's bodyguards opened fire outside the parliament building to disperse a crowd of protesters angry over the government's failure to end a growing economic crisis in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 18, Russia’s Ministry of Natural Resources said it would cancel an environmental permit for a $20 billion oil and natural gas project led by Royal Dutch Shell on the Far East island of Sakhalin.
    (WSJ, 9/19/06, p.A17)
2006        Sep 18, In Somalia a massive car bomb exploded outside the makeshift parliament building in Baidoa, killing 11 people, including the president's brother, in an apparent assassination attempt. As Pres. Yusuf fled, a gunbattle broke out between his bodyguards and eight suspected accomplices of an apparent suicide bomber. Six were killed and two were captured.
    (AP, 9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)
2006        Sep 18, In eastern Sri Lanka the bodies of 11 Muslim men were found hacked to death. Tamil Tiger rebels and government forces blamed each other for the massacre.
    (AFP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 18, The Vatican opened part of its secret archives to let historians review millions of diplomatic letters, private correspondence and other church documents to gain insight into how the Holy See dealt with the growing persecution of Jews before World War II.
    (AP, 9/18/06)

2007        Sep 18, President Bush, cheered on by Iraq war veterans and their families on the White House's South Lawn, urged lawmakers to back his plan to withdraw some troops from Iraq but keep at least 130,000 through the summer of 2008 or longer.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2007        Sep 18, The US Federal Reserve lowered interest rates by half a point triggering a rise in the DJIA of 336 points. The Dow close at 13,739.39. The federal funds rate was lowered to 4.75% and the discount rate was lowered to 5.25%.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.C1)(WSJ, 9/19/07, p.A1)
2007        Sep 18, O.J. Simpson was charged with seven felonies, including kidnapping, in the alleged armed robbery of sports memorabilia collectors in a Las Vegas casino-hotel room.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2007        Sep 18, Maryland’s highest court, in a 4-3 decision, upheld a law defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman and said the 1973 ban on gay marriage does not discriminate on the basis of gender and does not deny any fundamental rights.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.A3)
2007        Sep 18, New research said nearly half of an estimated 7,000 languages, spoken in the world today, are in danger of extinction.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.A16)
2007        Sep 18, It was reported that cranberry juice combats a wide range of bacteria, including those that cause stomach ulcers, gum disease and food-borne illnesses as well as urinary tract infections. Recent research suggested that astringent compounds in the berry, called proanthocyanidins, may work to prevent infection-causing bacteria from adhering to cells in the urinary tract.
    (WSJ, 9/18/07, p.D6)
2007        Sep 18, In the SF Bay area the East Bay Regional Park District approved a $6.63 million deal to add the 1,476-acre Tyler Ranch to its holdings.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.B1)
2007        Sep 18, Afghan Mullah Abdullah Jan, the Taliban commander of Qara Bagh district in Ghazni province, was among 12 killed in the strike on a mud-brick housing compound overnight in neighboring Giro district.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, In London shares in troubled mortgage lender Northern Rock rose on a promise by the central bank to back its deposits, but worried customers continued to line up to withdraw their savings.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, Typhoon Wipha targeted China's booming eastern province of Zhejiang and the nation's financial capital, Shanghai, prompting evacuation of over 1.6 million people as ships were recalled to port.
    (Reuters, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, Parnaz Azima, an Iranian-American reporter who was trapped in Iran for months on suspicion of trying to stir up a revolution, was allowed to leave the country and return to the United States. Azima was one of the one of Radio Azadi’s, a US-funded service later renamed Radio Farda, original broadcasters in Prague. In March, 2008, an Iranian revolutionary court sentenced her to a one-year prison term in absentia for her “antirevolutionary" work.
    (AP, 9/18/07)(WSJ, 6/13/08, p.A10)
2007        Sep 18, The Iraqi government rolled back against Blackwater, suggesting the firm's operations were only suspended pending completion of a joint US-Iraqi investigation. The Ministry of Defense said 20 Iraqis were killed, considerably higher than the 11 dead reported before. The Iraqi Cabinet decided to review the status of all foreign security companies.  Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for all contracts of foreign securities firms to be annulled and blamed the government for failing to protect Iraqis. A car bombing occurred in a parking lot near the Health Ministry and a medical complex in central Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding 23. Another parked car bomb targeted a police patrol in Palestine Street, killing two civilians and wounding six. A parked car bomb also struck a busy market in northern Baghdad, killing six people and wounding 26. Two roadside bombs also killed a policeman and two civilians and wounded eight other people in separate attacks in predominantly Shiite areas of eastern Baghdad. A bomb exploded under an oil pipeline near the northern city of Beiji, causing huge quantities of crude oil to spill into the Tigris River. The US military blamed al-Qaida insurgents. An American soldier was killed in an attack in southern Baghdad. In Anbar province a US soldier died in a non-combat incident.
    (AP, 9/18/07)(AP, 9/19/07)(AP, 9/20/07)
2007        Sep 18, In Italy local authorities said Milan central railway station's notorious Platform 21, which witnessed the deportation of hundreds of Jews in 1943-45, will host the city's first Holocaust memorial. The museum will open in two years' time and occupy 6,000 square meters of the underground rail network.
    (Reuters, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, Maoists stormed out of Nepal's government and vowed to disrupt upcoming elections after other parties refused to bow to the ex-rebels' demand for the monarchy to be immediately abolished.
    (AFP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, The Nigerian navy said that over the past 3 years it had seized 236 ships, tugboats and barges used for smuggling crude oil and petroleum products in the high seas and Niger delta.
    (AFP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, A government lawyer announced that President Gen. Pervez Musharraf will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said that Taiwan's application to join the UN wasn't accepted for legal reasons linked to the 1971 UN resolution that gave China's seat to the Beijing-based People's Republic of China.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 18, Zimbabwe's main opposition party reached an agreement with the government on the adoption of a bill which paves the way for joint presidential and legislative elections next year. Police said 17 police officers have been arrested on charges of corruption and trading in diamonds while guarding a mine in the country's eastern district.
    (AFP, 9/18/07)(AFP, 9/19/07)

2008        Sep 18, Central banks around the world poured in $180 billion in extra liquidity to calm markets made jittery by the mayhem on Wall Street. An SEC measure took effect making short sellers and their broker dealers deliver securities by the close of business on the settlement date, three days after the sale. The Bush administration asked lawmakers for the power to rescue banks by buying distressed assets. Pres. Bush said “markets are adjusting" as he defended the government’s recent moves.
    (AP, 9/18/08)(Reuters, 9/18/08)(SFC, 9/19/08, p.A14)(WSJ, 9/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Sep 18, A non-profit Internet rights group filed a lawsuit against President George W. Bush and others in his administration for the "massively illegal" surveillance of emails and telephone calls without court warrants.
    (AFP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 18, California’s budget standoff ended as Gov. Schwarzenegger and legislative leaders struck a deal on a $104 billion budget after 80 days of stalemate.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Sep 18, In south Berkeley, Ca., drug dealers Kevin Antoine Parker (42) and Kelvin Earl Davis (26) were shot and killed. In 2011 Oakland gang member Desmen Lankford was convicted of the shooting and faced life in prison.
    (SFC, 9/15/11, p.C3)
2008        Sep 18, Chicago Mayor Richard Daly unveiled an aggressive plan to reduce heat-trapping gases. The plan included changing building codes to promote energy efficiency and solar panels at municipal properties as well as alternative fueling stations.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.A4)
2008        Sep 18, In Minnesota the new Interstate 35W bridge opened. The old span over the Mississippi River had collapsed on August 1, 2007. The new $234 million St. Anthony Falls Bridge was embedded with an early warning system consisting of hundreds of sensors.
    (SFC, 9/18/08, p.A8)(Econ, 9/5/09, TQ p.6)
2008        Sep 18, In southern Afghanistan NATO-led troops killed an ally of President Hamid Karzai during an overnight gunbattle. The Afghan president said the death resulted from a "misunderstanding between foreign and local forces." Ruzi Khan Barakzai, the former police chief of Uruzgan province and a tribal leader and militia commander, were killed outside the provincial capital of Tirin Kot. Taliban militants killed two policemen and wounded three others after attacking their checkpoint in the eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2008        Sep 18, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd said the west's relations with Russia are at a turning point after its intervention in Georgia and a pact to sell Australian uranium to Moscow is in the balance.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2008        Sep 18, HBOS, Britain’s biggest mortgage lender, agreed under government pressure to be taken over by Lloyds TSB.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.90)
2008        Sep 18, China announced plans to buy shares and take other measures to support the nation’s plummeting stock market.
    (WSJ, 9/19/08, p.A8)
2008        Sep 18, The Bank of China announced that it would take a 20% stake in the French arm of LCF Rothschild, its first investment in a euro-zone bank.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.77)
2008        Sep 18, In Iraq an explosives-laden car parked at a bus station in the southern city of Nasiriyah killed two people and wounded one. 7 American soldiers were killed in southern Iraq when their helicopter crashed as it was flying into the country from Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2008        Sep 18, Tzipi Livni (50), Israel's foreign minister, eked out a victory in a surprisingly tight race to replace PM Ehud Olmert as the head of the governing party, putting her in a strong position to become the country's first female leader in 34 years.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2008        Sep 18, In Italy 6 immigrants from Ghana, Togo and Liberia were slain by automatic gunfire as they stood outside a store that sold ethnic goods in Castel Volturno, a town north of Naples.
    (AP, 9/20/08)
2008        Sep 18, MEND militants in southern Nigeria, as part of their "oil war," claimed to have destroyed a major oil pipeline belonging to Royal Dutch Shell in the fifth attack on the company in less than a week.
    (AP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 18, In northwest Pakistan militants briefly seized 300 boys at a school. The incident ended with the deaths of 2 suicide bombers. No children were harmed.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.A6)
2008        Sep 18, Peru’s Pres. Alan Garcia led a deputation of half his cabinet and over 200 business leaders to see Brazil’s Pres. da Silva.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.44)
2008        Sep 18, Russia ordered its main stock exchanges closed for a second day as President Dmitry Medvedev unveiled an expanded $120 billion rescue package and called for pouring 500 billion rubles ($20 billion) into blue-chip shares in an effort to stabilize them.
    (AP, 9/18/08)(WSJ, 9/19/08, p.A8)
2008        Sep 18, Rwanda became the first country in the world where women outnumber men in parliament, according to provisional results announced at the close of a four-day legislative vote.
    (AP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 18, Armed pirates hijacked a Greek ship with 25 crew members off Somalia, bringing to 55 the number of reported attacks in the lawless sea lane of the African region.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2008        Sep 18, Sri Lanka's military said it was moving closer to the headquarters of the Tamil Tigers. Naval forces fought a ferocious sea battle with Tamil Tiger separatists off Sri Lanka's northwestern coast, sinking 10 boats. Tamil Tiger separatists and government forces fought intense battles across the embattled northern region, killing at least 62 rebels and eight soldiers according to military officials. The Tamil Tigers, meanwhile, said they repelled a government offensive in Kilinochchi, killing 25 soldiers.
    (AFP, 9/18/08)(AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 18, Rebels said Sudanese aircraft bombed Darfur rebel positions in the latest offensive in the war-torn region, with the UN reporting wounded government troops in the area.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2008        Sep 18, A senior Yemen security official said at least 25 militants with suspected links to al-Qaida have been arrested in the last 24 hours in connection with the deadly attack on the US Embassy in San’a.
    (AP, 9/18/08)

2009        Sep 18, In Chicago 4 former members of a now-disbanded police unit admitted that they used to barge into people’s homes and steal money. They were sentenced to 6 months in jail and promised to cooperate in an ongoing investigation.
    (SFC, 9/19/09, p.A6)
2009        Sep 18, Mesac Damas (33), a man with prior charges of domestic violence, left Miami on flight to Haiti. The next day his wife and 5 children were found slain in Naples, Fl. Damas was later arrested in Haiti and returned to the US where he was charged with 6 counts of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 9/21/09, p.A7)(SFC, 10/27/09, p.A4)
2009        Sep 18, In Virginia the bodies of four people were found at a Longwood University professor's home near campus in Farmville, about 50 miles west of Richmond. Richard Alden Samuel McCroskey III (20) was arrested the next day as he tried to catch a flight back to his home in Castro Valley, California. McCroskey had recorded songs that spoke of death, murder and mutilation under the name Syko Sam. His MySpace Web page said he has only been rapping for a few months but has been a fan for years of the horrorcore genre. The victims included his girlfriend, Emma Niederbrock (16), her mother, Prof. Debra Kelley (53), her father, Pastor Mark Niederbrock (50), and Emma’s best friend, Melanie Wells (18). In 2010 McCroskey pleaded guilty to the murders and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 9/20/09)(SFC, 9/22/09, p.A12)(SFC, 9/23/09, p.D1)(SFC, 9/21/10, p.A5)
2009        Sep 18, It was reported that some 20-50 thousands birds have died along the shore of Utah’s Great Salt Lake so far this year from avian botulism.
    (SFC, 9/18/09, p.A21)
2009        Sep 18, Irving Kristol (89), political writer and publisher, died in Washington DC. He was known as the godfather of neoconservatism. In 1965 Kristol and Daniel Bell founded the “Public Interest," a quarterly public policy journal. Kristol’s books included “Neoconservatism: The Autobiography of an Idea" (1995).
    (SFC, 9/19/09, p.A9)(Econ, 9/26/09, p.100)
2009        Sep 18, In Afghanistan gunmen opened fire in a mosque in Jawzjan province, killing five men and wounding another two.
    (AFP, 9/19/09)
2009        Sep 18, The African Union announced it would impose sanctions on Guinea's junta leader, Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, over his intention to run in upcoming presidential polls.
    (AFP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, Australia approved a vaccine against swine flu and said it would start administering the medicine this month to its most at-risk citizens, including medical staff, pregnant women and the chronically ill. Regulators approved CSL Ltd.'s vaccine for people above age 10, but the Therapeutic Drug Administration was awaiting the results of more clinical trials before approving it for younger children.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Vienna, Austria, a 150-nation IAEA nuclear conference passed a resolution directly criticizing Israel and its atomic program for the first time in 18 years. Iran hailed the vote as a "glorious moment." 49 voted for the resolution. 45 were against and 16 abstained from endorsing or rejecting he document.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, Paul Gilles Nanda (52), a Cameroonian employee of the Development Bank of Central African States (BDEAC), was jailed in the Republic Congo. He had compiled a document to disclose bad management at the bank with evidence to back it up. The Austrian daily Oberosterreichische Nachrichten revealed at the end of August that the BDEAC had lost 11 billion CFA francs during an affair in which international financier Bernard Madoff stole billions of dollars from thousands of investors.
    (AFP, 9/22/09)
2009        Sep 18, Canada-based oil producer Verenex Energy Inc. agreed to be sold to the Libyan Investment Authority for about $314.1 million Canadian ($293.7 million) in cash, after a better deal with a Chinese firm fell through.
    (AP, 9/20/09)
2009        Sep 18, Colombia’s spy chief, Felipe Munoz Gomez, said the domestic spy department will be dismantled and a new agency will be set up to focus on intelligence and counterintelligence work involving national security. This followed a recent wiretapping scandal.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Ecuador the last 15 US troops left the Pacific Manta air base, officially closing the US military post in what Ecuador's government calls a recovery of sovereignty.
    (AP, 9/19/09)
2009        Sep 18, Angry French farmers dumped millions of liters of fresh milk next to next the famed Mont Saint-Michel, one of France's most famous tourist sites, to denounce the slumping cost of milk and an EU plan to end production quotas, which could further drive prices down.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Hong Kong Du Jun (41), a Beijing native and former managing director for Morgan Stanley, was sentenced to 7 years in prison for insider trading. He was also fined about $3 million.
    (SFC, 9/19/09, p.D1)
2009        Sep 18, In India at least nine Maoists and a soldier were killed when government troops launched a major offensive against a rebel stronghold in the central state of Chhattisgarh.
    (AFP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Iran hard-liners attacked senior pro-reform leaders in the streets on Quds Day as tens of thousands marched in competing mass demonstrations by the opposition and government supporters. Opposition protesters, chanting "death to the dictator," hurled stones and bricks in clashes with security forces firing tear gas. The Quds Day ceremony was established in 1979 by the leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini as an annual event opposing Israel’s control of Jerusalem.
    (AP, 9/18/09)(
2009        Sep 18, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at a market in Mahmoudiya, a region that was once the scene of frequent attacks on Shiites, killing seven people and wounding 21 others.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, Israelis welcomed the Jewish New Year, grateful for the recent calm spell in the region but skeptical that the coming year would see the achievement of ever-elusive peace. It coincided this year with Eid al-Fitr, a Muslim feast marking the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Mexico City Luis Felipe Hernandez Castillo (38), while scrawling graffiti inside the downtown at the Balderas subway station, pulled out a gun and began shooting when confronted by police, killing at least two people and wounding five before being shot and subdued by officers.
    (AP, 9/19/09)
2009        Sep 18, Myanmar released at least 25 political detainees as part of an amnesty program. The country was believed to be holding some 65,000 prisoners including over 2,200 political detainees.
    (SFC, 9/19/09, p.A2)
2009        Sep 18, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen called for the US, Russia and NATO to link their missile defense systems against potential new nuclear threats from Asia and the Middle East, saying that the old foes must forget their lingering Cold War animosity.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In northwest Pakistan a suicide car bomb destroyed a 2-story hotel at a market in Usterzai, a small mainly Shiite town, killing over 30 people and trapping victims under smashed shops as families bought supplies for a major religious festival.
    (AFP, 9/18/09)(SFC, 9/19/09, p.A4)(AP, 9/20/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Poland a methane leak in a coal mine set off an explosion that killed 12 miners in the southwestern city of Ruda Slaska.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, Puerto Rican authorities captured Angel Ayala Vazquez, also known as "Angelo Millones," an alleged dealer they say led a violent drug ring in at least two sprawling housing projects in Puerto Rico and trafficked narcotics to the US mainland.
    (AP, 9/22/09)
2009        Sep 18, South Korean scientists said they had developed a new transistor which moves faster and consumes less energy than existing semiconductors, a technology opening the way for no-booting computers.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Sudan Darfur rebels accused Sudanese government forces of attacking their positions over the last 2 days, weeks after a senior peacekeeper said the region was no longer in a state of war.
    (Reuters, 9/19/09)
2009        Sep 18, Turkey's military said it was planning to spend close to $1 billion (euro680 million) for its first long-range missile defense system.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Venezuela an emergency meeting of the Inter American Press Association (IAPA) took place in Caracas. Former presidents from Peru and Bolivia joined newspaper editors from across the Americas in condemning what they call a series of attempts by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, and some of his allies, to clamp down on the news media.
    (AP, 9/19/09)

2010        Sep 18, Afghans braved Taliban rockets and polling site bombings to vote for a new parliament in elections seen as a measure of the government's competence and commitment to democratic rule. The governor of Kandahar province survived a bomb attack. Insurgent leader in Shigal Wa Sheltan district in eastern Kunar province was killed in a precision airstrike as he was attempting to attack a polling site. A rocket in northern Baghlan province killed two civilians. Another civilian was killed by a rocket that hit a house in eastern Kunar province.  In northern Kunduz province militants tried to disrupt security in Gortepa, near Kunduz city. In a preventive strike, Afghan security forces killed five militants, injured two and arrested one. Afghan election officials declared the elections a success despite widespread reports of fraud. 4.3 million ballots were cast. Attacks across the country killed at least 21 civilians and 9 police officers. Journalist, Hojatullah Mujadadi, a radio station manager in Kapisa province north of Kabul, was arrested by Afghan agents.
    (AP, 9/18/10)(Reuters, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/21/10)(AP, 9/23/10)(Econ, 9/25/10, p.55)
2010        Sep 18, In Britain Pope Benedict XVI said he was ashamed of the "unspeakable" sexual abuse of children by priests, issuing an apology to the British faithful even as thousands of people opposed to his visit marched in central London in the biggest protest of his five-year papacy.
    (AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 18, In China protesters in several cities marked a politically sensitive anniversary, the start of a brutal Japanese invasion in 1931, with anti-Japan chants and banners, as authorities tried to stop anger over a diplomatic spat between the Asian giants from getting out of control.
    (AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 18, Egyptian police killed a Sudanese man and wounded three others when they opened fire on would-be migrants trying to enter Israel.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 18, Frenchman Philippe Croizon (42), whose arms and legs were amputated, swam about 21 miles across the English Channel in 13½ hours using leg prostheses that have flippers attached.
    (AP, 9/19/10)
2010        Sep 18, In Germany tens of thousands demonstrated in Berlin against the government's proposal to extend the life of Germany's nuclear power plants for another decade or more.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 18, A Honduras military helicopter crashed during an exhibition for children and the pilot was killed.
    (AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 18, In Hungary Hacktivity 2010, the largest computer hackers' conference in eastern Europe, kicked off, with some 1,000 participants expected to attend the two-day event.
    (AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 18, Iranian media reported that Shiva Nazar Ahari, journalist and founder of the Committee of Human Rights Reporters in Tehran, has been to six years in prison on anti-government charges.
    (AP, 9/19/10)
2010        Sep 18, Kashmir police fired on fresh anti-India demonstrations, killing 3 protesters and bringing the number of civilian deaths in an unprecedented wave of unrest to 102.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 18, In Mexico’s Guerrero state unidentified men traveling in two vehicles threw two human heads into a refreshment stand in Coyuca de Catalan. One of the heads was blindfolded with duct tape. They were later associated to 2 of 9 police officers abducted a day earlier. Authorities in Ciudad Juarez said police arrested two alleged leaders of the Aztecs gang linked to at least 10 murders, including the killing of a federal police officer last month.
    (AP, 9/18/10)(AP, 9/19/10)
2010        Sep 18, Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan formally declared his bid for the 2011 presidential poll, three days after launching it on his Facebook page, ending months of doubts over his ambition.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)

2011        Sep 18, It was reported that New Jersey has uncovered a windfall of $26 million by scouring old bank accounts and finding money left over from several bond issues, some dating back to the 1960s.
    (SSFC, 9/18/11, p.A10)
2011        Sep 18, The journal Nature Structural & Molecular Biology reported that online gamers have deciphered the structure of an enzyme of an AIDS-like virus that had thwarted scientists for a decade. The gamers produced an accurate model of a monomeric protease enzyme in just three weeks.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Florida Jeremiah Fogle (57) killed his wife and shot two church pastors in Lakeland. Fogle had pleaded guilty for shooting a previous wife and was sentenced in 1987 to 10 years probation.
    (SFC, 9/20/11, p.A5)
2011        Sep 18, In Tennessee 5 bikers were found dead in a recreational vehicle at the Clarksville Speedway. An organizer for the motorcycle festival blamed the deaths on fumes from a generator.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, Dan Warren (85), fighter for desegregation in America’s South, died.
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.100)
2011        Sep 18, In Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by bombs.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Burundi armed men burst into a pub in Gatumba. One wounded man said an attacker yelled: "Make sure there's no survivors." Survivor Jackson Kabura said the men entered wearing military fatigues. The bar shooting left 39 people dead. The accused later claimed the massacre's "sponsors" were top security official General Maurice Mbonimpa, deputy police chief General Gervais Ndirakobuca and the commander of a special police unit, Colonel Desire Uwamahoro.   
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AFP, 9/23/11)(AFP, 12/13/11)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.60)
2011        Sep 18, In the Dominican Rep. army Col. Cesar Ubri, an aide to the country's top anti-drug official, was shot to death, reportedly as a warning from drug traffickers. On Sep 21 a police officer and another man were arrested as suspects in the slaying of Ubri. They confessed to the killing and said they trying to steal his car.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 18, Egyptian businessman and former Tourism Minister Zohair Garanah was sentenced to three years in prison after being convicted of corruption. He was already serving a five-year jail term for allowing investors to illegally acquire state land. His first sentence was passed by a Cairo court on May 10.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, Guinea-Bissau's diabetic Pres. Malam Bacai Sanha returned home after being hospitalized in Senegal.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 18, Hong Kong police said they have made the southern Chinese territory's largest ever cocaine bust, seizing more than half a ton of the drug, worth around $77 million. 8 people were arrested including an American man, a Colombian woman with Hong Kong residency and five Mexicans.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In India a magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit Sikkim state in the northeast near the border with Nepal. Some buildings collapsed in Sikkim's state capital of Gangtok. At least 108 people were killed with more than 100,000 homes damaged. The confirmed deaths included 6 in Nepal and 7 in Tibet.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 18, Iran hanged Elias Babai Chegini (39), a convicted drug trafficker, at a prison in the northwestern city of Qazvin. His hanging raised to 200 the number of executions reported in Iran so far this year.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, Thousands of Moroccans demonstrated calling for greater political freedoms, as the country's pro-democracy movement attempted to regain momentum lost over the summer.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Nigeria unknown gunmen shot dead four people and injured several others in a raid on a Christian farming village in northern Nigerian Kaduna state.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Pakistan’s Khyber tribal area dozens of Taliban armed with rocket launchers stormed a police post in the triggering clashes that killed 10 militants and 5 anti-militant fighters.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, The UN made an emergency appeal for funding for Pakistan. Monsoon rains since early August have killed more than 220 people, damaged or destroyed some 665,000 homes and displaced more than 1.8 million people in the southern Sindh province.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Saudi Arabia 10 more men at a special summary court were accused of plotting to carry out attacks against US forces in Qatar and Kuwait.
    (SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 18, Yemeni government troops shelled a district of the capital that has been held for months by a powerful anti-government tribal chief and his armed supporters. Pro-regime snipers killed at least 26 of the protesters.
    (AP, 9/18/11)(AP, 9/19/11)

2012        Sep 18, YouTube said that it was stopping users in Saudi Arabia from viewing “Innocence of Muslims," an anti-Islam video that has sparked protests across the Muslim world, after the kingdom's press agency reported that the ruler had banned all access to the film and the site appeared to be blocked there.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, An Arizona judge said the police can immediately start enforcing the “show me your papers" provision of the state’s controversial immigration law.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 18, In Oakland, Ca., Mary Nolan (60), a divorce lawyer linked to the Contra Costa “dirty DUI" scandal, was arrested and charged with one count of unlawful interception of communications, and 4 counts of tax evasion. On Sep 27 Nolan pleaded guilty 5 federal felony charges. She had hired investigator Christopher Butler to plant a secret listening device in the car of a client’s ex-husband. Butler was involved in private sting operations nicknamed “dirty DUIs."
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.C1)(SFC, 9/28/13, p.D1)
2012        Sep 18, The Chicago Teachers Union’s House of Delegates decided to end their strike, the city’s first in the last 25 years.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 18, Karen King of Harvard Univ. presented at a conference in Rome a translation of newly-discovered text of the early Christian era that seems to quote Jesus speaking of “my wife."
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.70)
2012        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a female suicide bomb attack on a minivan carrying foreign workers that killed 12 people. Afghan militants claimed responsibility saying it was retaliation for a film mocking the Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, Two unarmed policewomen were killed in a shooting in Manchester. Police constables Fiona Bone (32) and Nicola Hughes (23) were gunned down in a hail of bullets after responding to a hoax call about a burglary in the northern English city of Manchester. The attack was by Dale Cregan (29), one of Britain’s most wanted fugitives, and was likely to reignite a long-running debate in Britain over whether officers should carry guns.
    (Reuters, 9/18/12)(Reuters, 9/19/12)
2012        Sep 18, In China the trial of former Chengdu police chief Wang Lijun ended. He confessed to defection as well as 3 other charges including abuse of power, taking bribes and bending the law for personal gain. On Sep 24 Lijun was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A4)(AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 18, Daniel Barrera, one of Colombia's most wanted drug traffickers, was captured in neighboring Venezuela with the help of Caracas as well as British and US intelligence agencies. He had a $5 million bounty on his head from the United States and $2.7 million from Colombia's government.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, Egypt's general prosecutor issued arrest warrants for seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and referred them to trial on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that has sparked riots across the Muslim world. The prosecutor's office said the seven men and one woman, all of whom are believed to be outside of Egypt, are charged with harming national unity, insulting and publicly attacking Islam and spreading false information.
    (AFP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, In Mexico a government helicopter carrying a crew making a tourism video crashed into at Lake Zirahuen in Michoacan state. The video director drowned, while three crew members and a state employee escaped.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, In Mexico 29 people were killed in a fire at a gas pipeline distribution center near Reynosa across from McAllen, Texas.
    (AP, 9/19/12)
2012        Sep 18, Pakistan’s PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf told a Supreme Court panel that his government will no longer stand in the way of a revival of the long graft case in Switzerland against Pres. Asif Ali Zardari.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 18, Somali officials said Islamist extremist fighters have started to leave their coastal stronghold of Kismayo in the face of advancing allied African troops.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 18, Striking platinum miners in South Africa signed a wage deal ending a bloody 5-week strike at the Lonmin PLC mine that had spread to the gold and chrome sectors of the industry which anchors the economy of Africa's richest economy.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, Santiago Carrillo (b.1915), former leader of Spain’s Communist Party (1960-1982), died in Madrid. In 2014 Pauil Preston authored “The Last Stalinist: The Life of Santiago Carrillo."
    (, 9/13/14, p.90)
2012        Sep 18, In Syria fierce clashes broke out between rebels and regime forces battling for control of a border crossing on the frontier with Turkey. Turkish authorities told residents to evacuate the area.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, In Turkey suspected Kurdish rebels in Bingol province attacked a military convoy with a rocket killing 10 soldiers and wounded over 70 others.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 18, In Venezuela Daniel Barrera, one of Colombia’s most wanted drug lords, was captured in San Cristobal. Barrera, aka “El Loco," has been in Venezuela since 2008, posing as a cattle rancher.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A4)

2013        Sep 18, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen shot and killed Amanullah Aman, the head of the Independent Election Commission in northern Kunduz province, a day after he warned that deteriorating security threatened next year's presidential elections. Insurgents killed 18 policemen and wounded 18 in an ambush in the Wurduj district of Badakshan province. 47 insurgents were killed in the same area during a police operation earlier in the week.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)(AP, 9/20/13)(AFP, 9/20/13)
2013        Sep 18, In Canada a passenger train collided with a double-decker city bus in Ottawa, killing at least five people.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, China’s state media said China will crack down on penalties paid by families flouting strict family planning rules after a National Audit Office probe found $260 million in fines had been levied illegally.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, Egypt partially reopened its border crossing with the Gaza Strip, a week after it was closed in response to a deadly attack on an Egyptian military headquarters near the frontier.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, Marcel Reich-Ranicki (93), literary critic, died in Germany. He had escaped from Poland to West Germany in 1958 and soon joined the Gruppe 47, a liberal bookish clique. His talkshow “Literary Quartet" ended in 2001 after 77 editions.
    (Econ, 9/28/13, p.90)
2013        Sep 18, Greek workers shut schools and forced hospitals to operate with only emergency staff at the start of a 48-hour strike against the latest plans to fire thousands of public sector employees.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, A Hong Kong couple were jailed for torturing, beating and abusing their Indonesian maid, who said they once dressed her in a diaper and tied her to a chair for five days while they went on holiday. Tai Chi-wai (42), an electric appliance salesman, was jailed for three years and three months. His wife, Catherine Au Yuk-shan (41), a public hospital assistant, got five-and-a-half years. Kartika Puspitasari (30) was assaulted and tortured over a two-year period until she escaped last October.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, In northern India a court in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, ordered the arrest of 16 politicians and community leaders for inciting the Sep 7-8 violence that left over 40 people dead.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.42)
2013        Sep 18, Iran freed 11 political prisoners including human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh in another sign that hardline policies may be easing under a new president. Sotoudeh was seen by campaign groups as Iran's highest profile political prisoner.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)(SFC, 9/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 18, In Ireland hundreds of hard-line protesters opposed to ongoing austerity measures clashed with police in Dublin.
    (SFC, 9/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 18, In northern Mali a company of about 150 Chadian soldiers of the UN peacekeeping force abandoned their posts in protest at the length of time they have served.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, In Mexico looting broke out in Acapulco as the government struggled to reach tens of thousands of people cut off by flooding that had claimed at least 80 lives.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, Nigeria's military said it had killed 150 insurgents, including a commander, in an operation against Islamist group Boko Haram in which 16 of its own forces were also killed. Army spokesman Brigadier General Ibrahim Attahiru was quoted in local newspapers as denying a story on Nigeria's Premium Times website that Boko Haram had killed 40 soldiers in an ambush in the same area.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, Russian coast guards fired warning shots and arrested two Greenpeace activists who scaled the Prirazlomnaya Arctic oil platform in a protest over the potential threat to the environment from operations slated to start this year.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, Syrian warplanes struck rebel-held areas and clashes between militants and government forces continued unabated. Key powers meeting in NY continued to forge a deal that would eliminate Syrian chemical weapons.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, Uganda said it has recalled the commander of its peacekeeping force in Somalia and almost two dozen other officers suspected of involvement in a scam to steal food and fuel and sell it on the black market.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)
2013        Sep 18, Ukraine formally gave the go-ahead for landmark trade deals to be signed with the European Union, disregarding pressure from Moscow for Kiev to halt its westward course.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)

2014        Sep 18, The United States pledged $53 million in fresh aid to Ukraine for its struggle against Russia's incursion, including counter-mortar radar equipment, in a gesture of support for visiting Ukraine Pres. Poroshenko.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, San Francisco opened for business its new $100m James R. Herman cruise ship terminal at Pier 27. Herman (d.1998) was a former port commissioner and ILWU leader.
    (SFC, 9/19/14, p.D7)
2014        Sep 18, Oracle founder Larry Ellison relinquished his position as CEO and named Mark Hurd and Safra Catz as co-presidents.
    (SFC, 9/19/14, p.A1)
2014        Sep 18, In Florida ex-convict Don Spirit (51) killed his daughter (28) and her 6 children outside Gainsville and then killed himself.
    (SFC, 9/20/14, p.A7)
2014        Sep 18, Albania's parliament fired Ardian Fullani, the country's central bank governor, following his recent arrest after millions of dollars from the bank's reserves went missing.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Australia’s PM Tony Abbott said militants connected with radical group Islamic State were planning to behead a member of the public, after hundreds of police raided homes in a sweeping counter-terrorism operation.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Belgium said it has arrested Martina Johnson, a high-ranking member of the rebel movement that plunged Liberia into conflict more than two decades ago, and charged her with war crimes and crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, In Cameroon militants launched an assault in the village of Assighassia near the city of Mokolo. The army responded and two of the militants were killed and a Cameroonian soldier injured.
    (AP, 9/20/14)
2014        Sep 18, Chilean police arrested three suspects in the Sep 8 bombing attack, the country's worst bomb attack in more than two decades.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, In eastern China an official hanged himself after being sacked following a corruption probe into his presence at an extravagant banquet. Lou Xuequan (50) had been Communist Party chief of a district in Nanjing city.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Finland’s government extended a license to Finnish-Russian consortium Fennovoima to build a nuclear reactor in Pyhajoki. In response the environmentalist Green Party said it's dropping out of the coalition government.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, French President Francois Hollande said he's agreed to Iraq's request for air support against Islamic State fighters who've captured swathes of the country. Hollande ruled out carrying out any military action against Islamic State militants in Syria.
    (AP, 9/18/14)(Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Indian PM Narendra Modi stood beside Chinese President Xi Jinping at a news conference and said he raised India's concerns about repeated incidents at the border. Both leaders said peace and stability along the border were necessary for economic growth and development in the region.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, In Iraq a series of attacks, including several bombings in commercial areas of Baghdad, killed at least 36 people.
    (AP, 9/18/14)(AP, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 18, Islamic State fighters backed by tanks captured 21 Kurdish villages over the past 24 hours in northern Syria near the Turkish border, prompting civilians to flee their homes amid fears of retribution by the extremists sweeping through the area.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, The Lithuanian fishing vessel "Juros Vilkas" (Sea Wolf) and its 28-member crew was in international waters when it was seized by Russia’s Navy in the Barents Sea.
    (AP, 10/1/14)
2014        Sep 18, In Mali 5 Chadian peacekeepers died and three others were injured when their truck was hit by an explosive device.
    (AFP, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 18, In Nigeria Boko Haram gunmen stormed a crowded market in northeastern Borno state, killing several people and carting away food.
    (AFP, 9/20/14)
2014        Sep 18, Amnesty Int’l. charged Nigeria’s police and military with the routine torture of men, women and children. Detainees have been reportedly denied access to family and lawyers and have suffered beatings, shootings, rape, electric shocks as well as teeth and nails pulled by pliers.
    (SFC, 9/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 18, In Pakistan unidentified gunmen shot dead a professor of Islamic studies who had faced accusations of blasphemy and threats from colleagues over his moderate views. Dr. Muhammad Shakil Auj, the dean of the faculty of Islamic Studies at the university in Karachi, had received threats following complaints that his teaching was too liberal.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Poland said it will create a joint military unit with Lithuania and Ukraine, with its command headquarters in the eastern Polish city of Lublin.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin said Western sanctions against Russia violated the principles of the World Trade Organization and the main way to combat them was to develop the domestic market.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Scotland voted on whether to stay within the United Kingdom or end the 307-year-old union with England and become an independent nation. In a record 85 percent turnout opponents of independence won 55 percent of the vote while separatists won 45 percent with all 3.6 million votes counted.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)(Reuters, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 18, In Slovenia an international whaling conference voted against Japan's highly criticized plans to resume whaling in the Antarctic next year, but Japan vowed to go ahead anyway.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, In South Sudan fighting started when gunmen detained Ugandan local government officials carrying out a census, accusing them of straying into South Sudanese territory. By the next day at least 7 people were killed on both sides of Uganda and South Sudan's border.
    (Reuters, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 18, In Switzerland some 200 companies pledged to create new work and training opportunities for Europe's young jobseekers, of which one out of four is unemployed.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Turkish PKK rebels, who have spent three decades fighting for autonomy for Turkey's Kurds, called for the youth of the country's mostly Kurdish southeast to join the fight against Islamic State militants in northern Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni fired PM Amama Mbabaz, a former ally who is widely expected to seek the presidency in elections in 2016.
    (AP, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 18, A Vietnamese court sentenced four policemen to up to 17 years in prison for beating a suspect to death, in an unusually harsh punishment for police brutality.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, In Yemen armed Shi'ite rebels pushed into Sanaa after clashing with the army in the city's northwest outskirts. Nearly 40 people were killed.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)(AFP, 9/21/14)

2015        Sep 18, The United States issued regulations easing restrictions on American companies seeking to do business in Cuba and opening up travel in the latest action to weaken the US trade embargo amid warming relations with the Communist country.
    (Reuters, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, The US repatriated Yang Jinjun to China. He was on a Chinese list of 100 wanted corruption suspects published in April. He had fled to the United States in 2001, was the general manager of a company called Minghe Group in Wenzhou city and was wanted on suspicion of corruption and bribery.
    (Reuters, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, The United States and Russian militaries renewed high-level contacts to discuss their roles in the conflict in Syria.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, America’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revealed that several diesel-engined Volkswagens and Audis had software which switched NOX-controlling technology on only when faced with highly predictable sort of demands seen under test conditions.
    (Econ, 9/26/15, p.24)
2015        Sep 18, In southern California a sheriff's deputy in a helicopter shot at a suspected home invasion robber who led authorities on a 100-mph chase, and the suspect died on I-25 in San Bernadino.
    (AP, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, Palo Alto Networks, a California-based network security company, reported that it had identified 39 apps in the Apple App Store infected with XcodeGhost, after developers in China began noticing something strange in Apple’s suite of coding tools. The malware could be used to obtain passwords or other personal details.
    (SFC, 9/22/15, p.A1)
2015        Sep 18, The Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC), which regulates the state's oil and gas industry, ordered companies to shut or reduce usage of five saltwater disposal wells around the north-central Oklahoma city of Cushing. Days later an earthquake with a magnitude of 4.5 struck near the crude oil hub of Cushing.
    (Reuters, 11/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, In Afghanistan at least 8 police officers were killed after their checkpoint was attacked in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, The African Union suspended Burkina Faso and slapped sanctions on the leaders of its military coup as troops tried to stop protesters from marching on the capital's Revolution Square.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, Burkina Faso's military released interim President Michel Kafando and PM Isaac Zida as soldiers blocked demonstrators from gathering in the capital. Both men were detained Sep 16 during a coup that dissolved his government.
    (AP, 9/18/15)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.A9)
2015        Sep 18, In China at least 5 police officers were stabbed to death by separatists in a knife attack at a coal mine in the violence-prone far western region of Xinjiang.
    (Reuters, 9/22/15)
2015        Sep 18, Croatia’s PM Zoran Milanovic warned matters were out of control and that his government would no longer be able to register or accommodate the migrants. Hundreds of migrants crossed into Hungary from Croatia, handed over by bus under the watch of Hungarian security forces. Some 8,000 migrants arrived in Hungary from Croatia with more on their way.
    (Reuters, 9/18/15)(Reuters, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, In Finland a one-day strike halted public transportation and shut down ports nationwide as workers protested against government cutbacks aimed at trying to drag the Nordic country out of a three-year economic downturn.
    (AP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, In Germany employees of a logistics company in Woerth am Rhein found 300 kg (661 pounds) of cocaine in a container loaded with engine parts that had been shipped from Brazil to the Belgian port of Antwerp.
    (AP, 9/29/15)
2015        Sep 18, In northern Guatemala social activist Rigoberto Lima Choc was slain near a civil courthouse in Sayaxche, Peten department. A day earlier, a court ordered the temporary closure of a company that grows palm trees for oil production. The ruling came in response to a complaint by Lima Choc over the contamination of a local river known as the Rio de la Pasion.
    (AP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, In Indian-controlled Kashmir gunmen first threw a grenade, and when that didn't explode they sprayed bullets at Bashir Ahmed, himself a former militant, outside his home as he was carrying his son. Ahmed died right away. His son (3) died the next day.
    (AP, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, In Iran Nizar Zakka, an American-Lebanese IT expert, went missing after attending a conference in Tehran. On Nov 3 state broadcaster IRIB said he has been arrested and linked to US military and intelligence agencies.
    (Reuters, 11/3/15)
2015        Sep 18, In Iran flash floods triggered by heavy rains killed 10 people in Tehran, and south of the country.
    (AP, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, Kenya's education ministry ordered all schools to shut because of a three-week teachers' strike over pay.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, Fighters from Mali's former rebel alliance, the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA), took control of the northeastern town of Anefis after loyalist fighters who seized it last month withdrew.
    (AFP, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, In northwest Pakistan an attack by Taliban gunmen on an air force base killed 29 people including 16 worshippers, who were gunned down when the militants stormed a mosque inside the compound during prayers. 13 gunmen were also killed in the attack on Badaber air base, about 10 km (6 miles) south of Peshawar.
    (Reuters, 9/18/15)(AP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, Palestinians clashed with Israeli security forces in Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank after the Islamist movement Hamas called for a "day of rage" over tensions at the Al-Aqsa mosque site.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, Russia delivered new arms including warplanes as the regime increases attacks on jihadists.
    (AFP, 9/22/15)
2015        Sep 18, Saudi authorities said incoming fire from Yemen hit a residence for construction workers in the south, killing at least 3 people and wounding 28.
    (AP, 9/18/15)   
2015        Sep 18, In Somalia 12 government soldiers were killed in an attack by Al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab militants at the military base in the Yaq-Bariweyne area. Several of the militants were also killed during the fighting.
    (AFP, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 18, Spanish authorities said they have seized 1.5 metric tons (1.7 tons) of cocaine and arrested 10 suspects from a ring that imported the drug from South America via large ships that offloaded the cargo off Spain's northern coast to smaller recreational boats for shipment ashore.
    (AP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, Syrian regime aircraft carried out at least 25 strikes on jihadist-controlled Palmyra, the country's famed ancient city, with 8 civilians among the dead.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, In Yemen at least 14 pro-government troops were killed overnight when a Saudi-led coalition air raid targeted their position "by mistake" in the region of Harib. The United Nations' children's agency said it was "appalled" that vital water supplies, which were intended to help 11,000 people, were destroyed in the bombing of a warehouse used by the agency in southern Sanaa. Raids on the rebel-held capital killed 15 people, 10 of them civilians.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)(AP, 9/19/15)(AFP, 9/20/15)

2016        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a US airstrike killed a policeman at a checkpoint outside the Uruzgan provincial capital of Tirin Kot. A 2nd US airstrike struck the same area and killed 7 others  in what was apparently a friendly-fire incident.
    (AP, 9/19/16)
2016        Sep 18, Czech police detained Oleg Vorotnikov (38), a founding member of the Russian underground art collective Voina, wanted in Russia over a series of high-profile stunts that authorities branded insulting and violent. Vorotnikov was released on Sep 21  and allowed to stay in the Czech Republic during extradition proceedings. Prague had not yet received an official extradition request, which must be filed within 40 days.
    (Reuters, 9/20/16)(Reuters, 9/21/16)
2016        Sep 18, A Palestinian attacker stabbed an Israeli army officer in the chest near a West Bank settlement and moderately wounded him, before Israeli soldiers shot the attacker and apprehended him.
    (AP, 9/18/16)
2016        Sep 18, In Kashmir a separatist attack on an army base in Uri near the disputed frontier killed 18 soldiers. 4 rebels were killed as the soldiers returned fire. India accused Pakistan of being behind the attack.
    (Reuters, 9/18/16)(SFC, 919/16, p.A4)(AP, 9/24/16)
2016        Sep 18, In Pakistan two gunmen on a motorcycle killed 3 soldiers near the northwestern city of Peshawar. Jamaatul Ahrar, a breakaway faction of the Taliban, claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 9/18/16)
2016         Sep 18, Russia held elections for a new national parliament. Vladimir Putin won even greater supremacy over Russia's political system after the ruling United Russia party took three quarters of the seats in parliament, paving the way for him to run for a fourth term as president. The official turnout was 48%.
    (AP, 9/18/16)(AP, 9/19/16)(Econ, 9/24/16, p.50)
2016         Sep 18, Moscow said air strikes by a US-led coalition on the Syrian army threatened the implementation of a US-Russian ceasefire plan for Syria and bordered on connivance with Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 9/18/16)
2016        Sep 18, The Syrian military said one of its war planes had been downed in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor during an operation against Islamic state, where the militant group has been under intense air strikes in the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 9/18/16)

2017        Sep 18, President Donald Trump made his debut at the United Nations, using his first moments at the world body to urge the 193-nation organization to reduce bureaucracy and costs while more clearly defining its mission around the world.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, The US Navy dismissed Rear Admiral Charles Williams, commander of Task Force 70, and Captain Jeffrey Bennett, commander of Destroyer Squadron 15, after a series of collisions involving Seventh Fleet warships in Asia, citing a loss of confidence in their ability to command.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, The US National Hurricane Center (NHC) said Hurricane Maria has strengthened into a major hurricane and is expected to intensify further as it moves through the Leeward Islands and the northeastern Caribbean Sea.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, New Jersey-based Toys 'R' Us, the toy retailer struggling with $5 billion in debt and intense online competition, said it has filed for bankruptcy protection ahead of the key holiday shopping season. The company said its stores will remain open for business as usual.
    (AP, 9/19/17)
2017        Sep 18, Inmates James Sanders (41) and Ryan Young (21) were discovered missing from Mississippi State Penitentiary at Parchman.
    (SFC, 9/19/17 p.A5)
2017        Sep 18, In New York City a charter bus barreled through an intersection, slammed into a city bus and then plowed onto a sidewalk. Three people were killed in the Flushing neighborhood of Queens.
    (SFC, 9/18/17 p.A5)
2017        Sep 18, Gov. Scott Walker signed into law a $3 billion incentive package for Taiwan-based Foxconn Technology Group to build a flat-screen plant in southeastern Wisconsin, a deal that he calls a "huge win" for the entire state.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, Video streaming pioneer Roku, based in Los Gatos, Ca., said that it hopes to raise as much as $252 million in an IPO as it tries to expand into more households.
    (SFC, 9/18/17 p.D1)
2017        Sep 18, US defense contractor Northrup Grumman said it plans to acquire Orbital ATK for $7.8 billion in cash and the assumption of $1.4 billion in debt.
    (SFC, 9/18/17 p.D2)
2017        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb in the southern province of Kandahar killed at least six civilians traveling in a car that hit the device.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, In Azerbaijan police began arresting dozens of gay and transgender people in Baku. At least 46 people were soon sentenced to between 10 to 30 days in jail for resisting police. Homosexuality was decriminalized in the country in 2000, but animosity toward LGBT people remains strong.
    (AP, 9/29/17)
2017        Sep 18, More than 10,000 Muslims in Bangladesh marched toward Myanmar's embassy to protest the country's crackdown on Rohingya Muslims. The Rohingya fleeing a Myanmar military offensive arrived in Bangladesh with fresh accounts of violence and arson as a rights group called for sanctions and an arms embargo to stop what the United Nations has branded ethnic cleansing. More than 410,000 Rohingya Muslims have been sent fleeing to Bangladesh.
    (AP, 9/18/17)(Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, A Botswana Power Co. official discovered eight dead elephants that had come into contact with a fallen power line near a water source created by a leaking pipe. A ninth elephant soon died despite efforts to save it.
    (SFC, 9/22/17 p.A2)
2017        Sep 18, A new report by the Congo Research Group (CRG) at New York University said Congolese army commanders orchestrated a wave of massacres that killed hundreds of people between 2014-2016 as they vied for influence with anti-government insurgents in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, Egypt's Finance Minister says the country will face a $10 to $12 billion budget shortfall for the current 2017-18 fiscal year, and plans expanded foreign debt issuance to overcome it.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, Much of Haiti came to a halt because of a transportation strike over new taxes proposed by the government.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, India's government said that it has evidence there are extremists who pose a threat to the country's security among the Rohingya Muslims who have fled Myanmar and settled in many Indian cities.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, Iran released Mahvesh Sabet (64), a member of the Baha'i faith. She and six other leaders of the minority community were arrested in March 2008 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for heresy and espionage for Israel. Her six colleagues remained imprisoned. The Baha'i faith considers Bahaullah, an Iranian born in 1817, to be the latest prophet sent by God, in contrast with Islamic orthodoxy.
    (AP, 9/19/17)
2017        Sep 18, Iraq's supreme court ordered the suspension of a September 25 referendum on the independence of Iraqi Kurdistan, as legal and political pressure mounted on the Kurds to call off the vote. Clashes erupted in Kirkuk between Kurds and Turkmen amid preparations for the referendum.
    (AFP, 9/18/17)(SFC, 9/20/17 p.A3)
2017        Sep 18, Irish budget airline Ryanair was under pressure to provide more information to travelers after canceling up to 50 flights a day over the next six weeks because it "messed up" its pilots' holiday schedules.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, In northeastern Nigeria suspected suicide bombers killed at least 12 people and injured 26 others in Borno state, epicenter of the Islamist militant Boko Haram insurgency.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, A Norwegian court sentenced a former police officer Eirik Jensen to 21 years in prison for severe corruption and being an accomplice in one of Norway's biggest drug-smuggling cases. Jensen was arrested and suspended from duty in February 2014 in connection with an investigation into the drug network.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, Portugal's stock market surged and its government borrowing rates fell after the country recovered its investment-grade rating from Standard & Poor's.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
 2017        Sep 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin attended the weeklong war games with Belarus that have demonstrated the Russian military's resurgent might and made neighboring countries nervous.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, Somalia’s Southwestern state declared its support for Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries that have cut ties with Qatar, in a new challenge to Somalia's efforts to stay neutral in the dispute.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, Syrian government troops came closer to encircling the Islamic State group in a pocket of Deir Ezzor city after crossing the adjacent Euphrates River.
    (AFP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, The World Health Organization urged Yemen to approve cholera vaccinations it has offered to help contain an epidemic that could affect nearly a million people by year's end.
    (AFP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, South Africa's opposition Democratic Alliance said it will lay a criminal complaint against McKinsey for "fraud, racketeering and collusion" over work the global consultancy did with businessmen friends of President Jacob Zuma.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 18, In South Sudan an outbreak of fighting between government and rebel forces in the oil-producing north left at least 25 people dead.
    (AFP, 9/19/17)

2018        Sep 18, The US-China trade war escalated further, with China announcing retaliatory tax increases on $60 billion worth of US imports, including coffee, honey and industrial chemicals.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, The internet watchdog Citizen Lab said it has used an internet survey technique to identify suspected spyware infections linked to the Israeli company NSO Group in 45 countries, including the United States, Britain, France, India and Turkey.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, The Wall Street Journal said that the Xinhua News Agency and CGTN, the international arm of state broadcaster CCTV, had been told in recent weeks to register as foreign agents amid growing scrutiny of efforts by overseas media organizations to influence US.
    (AP, 9/19/18)
2018        Sep 18, The UC San Diego's Center for Medicinal Cannabis announced that the US Drug Enforcement Administration has approved the importation of marijuana extracts from Canada for a clinical trial in treating tremors.
    (SFC, 9/19/18, p.A4)
2018        Sep 18, Delaware signed a final 50-year agreement with a private Emirati port operator to privatize the Port of Wilmington. The state will receive yearly concession payments of around $10 million.
    (AP, 9/19/18)
2018        Sep 18, Lawrence Martin-Bittman (b.1931), former Czechoslovakian Cold War spy, died at his home in Rockport, Mass. He had defected to West Germany in 1968 and sought asylum in the US, where he changed his name to Lawrence Michael Martin and later added Bittman to his surname. His books included "The Deception Game" (1972), and "The KGB and Soviet Disinformation: An Insider's View" (1985).
    (SSFC, 9/23/18, p.C9)
2018        Sep 18, It was reported that millions of animals trapped inside of North Carolina’s factory farm operations died from drowning during Hurricane Florence.
2018        Sep 18, Philadelphia announced an agreement to overhaul its civil forfeiture laws limiting what law enforcement officers can seize and what proceeds from the confiscated property can fund.
    (SFC, 9/19/18, p.A4)
2018        Sep 18, In South Carolina two women being transported to a mental health facility drowned after deputies drove their van into flooded waters in Marion County near Little Pee Dee River. On Dec. 4, 2019, officers Stephen Flood and Joshua Bishop were charged with reckless homicide and involuntary manslaughter in the deaths of Wendy Newton (45) and Nicolette Green (43).
    (SFC, 9/20/18, p.A6)(SFC, 1/5/19, p.A7)
2018        Sep 18, Cybersecurity firm FireEye said an Iranian government-aligned group of hackers launched a major campaign targeting Mideast energy firms and others ahead of US sanctions on Iran.
    (SFC, 9/19/18, p.A2)
2018        Sep 18, It was reported that Burkina Faso authorities have jailed more than 30 adults after they carried out botched female genital mutilation on nearly 60 infants and girls who have been hospitalized. Burkina Faso had outlawed the procedure in the early 1990s.
    (SFC, 9/19/18, p.A2)
2018        Sep 18, French President Emmanuel Macron unveiled plans to make France's health care system, considered one of the best in the world, more efficient and sustainable for the next 50 years.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, In Germany Hans-Georg Maassen, the head of the BfV intelligence agency, was ousted from his post but then made deputy minister — with a hefty pay rise. He had been criticized for appearing to downplay anti-migrant violence and for his contacts with a far-right party.
    (AP, 9/21/18)
2018        Sep 18, Bollywood actress and former porn star Sunny Leone (37) appeared in New Delhi for the unveiling of her wax likeness at the city's Madame Tussauds museum. She made a name for herself in the porn industry before breaking into Bollywood in 2012, starring in the sequel to the hit movie "Jism" (Hindi for body).
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, Italian prosecutors said the far-right League can repay some 45 million euros ($53 million) it owes the state over the next 75 years, saving the governing party from possible bankruptcy.
    (Reuters, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, Liberia's Information Minister Eugene Nagbe said several shipments of freshly printed Liberian dollars ordered from abroad by the central bank have been unaccounted for since they passed through the country's main ports in November 2017 and August this year. The government sought US help in investigating the whereabouts of the cash, equivalent to nearly five percent of Liberia's GDP.
    (Reuters, 9/21/18)
2018        Sep 18, Lithuanian authorities said Walmart has agreed to remove shirts with Soviet emblems from its online shop after three Baltic countries complained about the clothing.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, A Dutch firm started building the country's first recycling plant to turn plastic from used nappies into household items like garden furniture or flower pots.
    (AFP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, Niger said an Italian priest was kidnapped overnight in a region where a number of extremist groups are active. Rev. Pierluigi Maccalli, a member of the Society of African Missions religious order, had promoted initiatives to encourage an end to the cultural practice of female genital mutilation.
    (AP, 9/18/18)(Reuters, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, It was reported that rainy season flooding across Nigeria has killed more than 100 people.
    (SFC, 9/18/18, p.A2)
2018        Sep 18, In North Korea South Korean President Moon Jae-in began his third summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. A 52-member "special" civilian entourage accompanied Moon Jae-in to promote civil exchanges and engagement with younger Koreans.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, Pakistan's new PM Imran Khan arrived in Saudi Arabia as part of his first official overseas trip.
    (AP, 9/19/18)
2018        Sep 18, President Vladimir Putin, standing next to Hungarian PM Viktor Orban, said that the Russian state atomic energy firm Rosatom would start the construction of two new reactors at the Paks power nuclear plant in Hungary soon. Orban told reporters that they had agreed on gas supplies for 2020.
    (Reuters, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, South Africa's largest trade union federation elected a woman president, a first for the 33-year-old labor movement that helped lead the fight against apartheid. Zingiswa Losi (42) was nominated unopposed at an annual meeting of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu).
    (AFP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, UN-backed investigators who examined a bloody crackdown by Myanmar security forces that caused hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims to flee to neighboring Bangladesh issued a searing critique of the United Nations' own response to the human rights crisis. The members of a fact-finding mission on Myanmar fleshed out preliminary findings and recommendations released in a shorter version three weeks ago.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, Pope Francis decreed that ordinary Catholics should be consulted about issues facing the Catholic Church and that bishops gathering for periodic meetings can make binding decisions on church teaching.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, Impoverished Venezuelans reacted with fury after videos of President Nicolas Maduro gorging on succulent pieces of meat in a restaurant owned by a celebrity Turkish chef went viral. Maduro had a stopover in Istanbul where he was invited to dine with Turkish authorities.
    (AFP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 18, Zimbabwe's new Pres. Emmerson Mnangagwa ruled out an early return of the Zimbabwean dollar, toning down remarks by his finance minister that backed reintroducing the currency.
    (AFP, 9/18/18)

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