Today in History - September 9

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For Asia History:

9CE        Sep 9, Publius Quinctilius Varus (59), Roman governor of Germania (6-9CE), died of likely suicide following defeat at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest. Arminius, aka Hermann the German, had stopped a Roman advance eastward across the Rhine at the battle of Teutoburg, setting a limit on the Roman border.
    (, 8/7/10, p.86)

337        Sep 9, Constantine's three sons, already Caesars, each took the title of Augustus. Constantine II and Constans shared the west while Constantius II took control of the east.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

384        Sep 9, Flavius Honorius, emperor East Roman Republic (395-423), was born.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1087        Sep 9, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England, died in Rouen while conducting a war which began when the French king made fun of him for being fat.
    (HN, 9/9/00)

1513        Sep 9, James IV (40), King of Scotland (1488-1513), was defeated and killed by English at the Battle of Flodden Field. The Scottish navy was sold to France.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.10)(HN, 9/9/98)

1543        Sep 9, Mary, Queen of Scots, was crowned Queen of England.
    (HN, 9/9/01)

1556        Sep 9, Pope Paul IV refused to crown Ferdinand of Austria emperor.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1567        Sep 9, Lomaraal, Count van Egmont and Philip van Hoorne, were arrested by Alba.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1583        Sep 9, Girolamo Frescobaldi (d.1643, Italian composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/9/01)(WUD, 1994 p.568)

1585        Sep 9, Duc Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu (d.1642), French cardinal and statesman who helped build France into a world power under the leadership of King Louis XIII, was born. He was premier of France from 1624 to 1642.
    (HN, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1585        Sep 9, Pope Sixtus V deprived Henry of Navarre of his rights to the French crown.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1683        Sep 9, Algernon Sidney, English Whig politician and plotter, was beheaded.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1675        Sep 9, New England colonial authorities officially declared war on the Wampanoag Indians. War soon spread to include the Abenaki, Norwottock, Pocumtuck and Agawam warriors.
    (MC, 9/9/01)(AH, 6/02, p.47)

1739        Sep 9, A slave revolt in Stono, SC, led by an Angolan slave named Jemmy, killed 20-25 whites. Three slave uprisings occurred in South Carolina in 1739. Whites soon passed black codes to regulate every aspect of slave life.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.A25)(, 2/05, p.66)

1753        Sep 9, The 1st steam engine arrived in US colonies.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1754        Sep 9, William Bligh, legendary captain of HMS Bounty, was born. [see Sep 10]
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1776        Sep 9, The term "United States" was adopted by the second Continental Congress to be used instead of the "United Colonies."
    (AP, 9/9/97)(HN, 9/9/98)

1786        Sep 9, George Washington called for the abolition of slavery.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1791        Sep 9, French Royalists took control of Arles and barricaded themselves inside the town.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1815        Sep 9, John Singleton Copley (b.1737), American artist, died in London.

1822        Sep 9, Napoleon J K P Bonaparte, French prince and member National Convention, was born.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1828        Sep 9, Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist, was born [O.S. 28 August] near Tula. His work included "War and Peace" (1869) and  "Anna Karenina" (1879). "History would be an excellent thing if only it were true." "It is amazing how complete is the delusion that beauty is goodness."
    (, 4/15/97)(AP, 10/14/99)(HN, 9/9/00)

1830        Sep 9 Charles Durant flew a balloon from New York City across the Hudson River to Perth Amboy, N.J.
    (AP, 9/9/05)

1834        Sep 9, Parliament passed the Municipal Corporations Act, reforming city and town governments in England.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1839        Sep 9, John Herschel (1792-1871), English astronomer, took the 1st glass plate photograph.

1841        Sep 9, The Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sank off Silver Creek, NY, and 300 people died.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1850        Sep 9, California was admitted as the 31st state of the US.
    (INV, 7/95, p.12)(SFC, 6/13/96, p.A17)(SFC, 1/25/97, p.A17)(AP, 9/9/97)
1850        Sep 9, Territories of New Mexico and Utah were created.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1855        Sep 9, Sevastopol, under siege for nearly a year, fell to the Allies. France, England, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia (as Italy was then known) defeated the Russians at Sevastopol in the decisive battle of the Crimean War.
    (, 7/27/13, p.C2)

1859        Sep 9, The SS Great Eastern's first voyage was cut short by a boiler explosion. The 22,500-ton (displacement) iron steamship, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was built on the Thames River, England. It had been christened Leviathan during an initial launching attempt in early November 1857. Thereafter it was always known as the Great Eastern.

1861        Sep 9, Sally Louisa Tompkins (b.1833) was commissioned as a Confederate captain of cavalry. Born into a wealthy and altruistic family in coastal Mathews County, Virginia, Tompkins was destined for a life of philanthropy. After moving to Richmond, she spent much of her time and a considerable portion of her fortune assisting causes she considered worthy. With the onset of civil war, she labored on the behalf of the South's wounded soldiers, and for this she became the first and only woman to receive an officer's commission in the Confederate army.
    (HNQ, 5/17/01)

1862        Sep 9, Gen’l. Lee split his army and sent Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1863        Sep 9, The Union Army of the Cumberland passed through Chattanooga, Ten., as they chased after the retreating Confederates following the Battle of Cumberland Gap.
    (HN, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1867        Sep 9, Luxembourg gained independence.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1886        Sep 9, The Berne International Copyright Convention took place at the instigation of Victor Hugo and backed the individual copyright laws of the European states. It was updated in 1971. In 1993 the Brussels directive brought in a Europe-wide 70-year rule.
    (HN, 9/9/00)(WSJ, 1/31/02, p.A16)(

1887        Sep 9, Alfred M. Landon, Republican governor of Kansas who carried only two states in his overwhelming defeat for the presidency by Franklin Roosevelt in 1936, was born. He ran as a presidential candidate in 1932 and 1936.
    (HN, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1890        Sep 9, Colonel Harland Sanders, originator of Kentucky Fried Chicken fast-food restaurants, was born in Henryville, Ind. [see Dec 16]
    (HN, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1893        Sep 9, Frances Cleveland, wife of President Cleveland, gave birth to a daughter, Esther, in the White House. It was the first time a president's child was born in the executive mansion.
    (AP, 9/9/97)

1899        Sep 9, Louis Cheslock (d.1981), composer and author (Mencken on Music), was born.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1900        Sep 9, James Hilton, British novelist who authored "Lost Horizon" and "Goodbye Mr. Chips," was born. In Lost Horizon he created the imaginary world of "Shangri-La."
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1901        Sep 9, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter, died at 36.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1904        Sep 9, Mounted police were 1st used in NYC.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1905        Sep 9, In Daly City, Ca., Battling Nelson, the "Durable Dane," kayoed Jimmy Britt in the 18th round at the Sickles St. Arena of James W. Coffroth. A film of the event recorded by the Miles Brothers made over $100,000.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.22)(Ind, 3/22/03, 5A)(SFC, 5/3/14, p.C2)

1908        Sep 9, Orville Wright made the 1st 1-hr airplane flight at Fort Myer, Va.
    (MC, 9/9/01)
1908        Sep 9, Russia grabbed part of Poland.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1909        Sep 9, San Francisco held a parade in honor of its work horses. Some 2000 horses and 986 drivers paraded down Market Street before thousands of spectators.
    (SSFC, 9/6/09, p.46)
1909        Sep 9, Kwame Nkrumah, communist and premier of the Gold Coast and president of Ghana (1960-66), was born.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1911        Sep 9, An airmail route opened between London and Windsor.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1912        Sep 9, Kurt Sanderling, conductor (East Berlin Symphony 1960-77), was born in Arys, Germany.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1914        Sep 9, In the Battle of Marne the German advance stalled and Paris was saved.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1915        Sep 9, A German zeppelin bombed London for the first time, causing little damage.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1919        Sep 9, Most of Boston's 1,500-member police force went on strike. The city’s police commissioner fired the strikers and Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933), who was running for governor, came out in support of the firings. 
    (AP, 9/9/99)(AH, 6/07, p.67)(

1922        Sep 9, William T. Cosgrave replaced assassinated Irish leader Michael Collins.
    (MC, 9/9/01)
1922        Sep 9, Turkish troops under Mustafa Kemal conquered Smyrna, Greece. This effectively ended in the field the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) more than three years after the Greek army had landed on Smyrna on 15 May, 1919. In 2008 Giles Milton authored “Paradise Lost: Smyrna, 1922: The Destruction of Islam’s City of Tolerance."
    (, 5/3/08, p.90)

1926        Sep 9, The National Broadcasting Co. (NBC) was incorporated by the Radio Corporation of America, which had originated as Marconi Wireless.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(SFC, 8/2/99, p.B3)

1927        Sep 9, Elvin Jones (d.2004), jazz drummer, was born in Pontiac, Mich.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, DB p.44)(SFC, 5/20/04, p.B8)

1928        Sep 9, Julian E "Cannonball" Adderley (d.1975), US, jazz musician (Black Messiah), was born. Adderley was a member of the Miles Davis ensemble of the 1950s, and in the 1960s scored a hit of his own with 'Mercy, Mercy, Mercy'.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1932        Sep 9, The steamboat SS Observation exploded in NYC East River and 71 were killed.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1934        Sep 9, Sonia Sanchez, poet, was born in Birmingham, Alabama.
    (HN, 9/9/00)
1934        Sep 9, G. Kaufman and M. Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1939        Sep 9, Nazi army reached Warsaw.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1940        Sep 9, 28 German aircraft were shot down above England.
    (MC, 9/9/01)
1940        Sep 9, Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attacked Egypt. Rodolfo Graziani (1882-1955) was already known as the “Butcher of Ethiopia."
    (, 9/14/13, p.20)

1941        Sep 9, Otis Redding, rock bassist (Sitting on the Dock of the Bay), was born in Dawson, Ga.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1942        Sep 9, A Japanese float plane, launched from a submarine, made its first bombing run on a US forest near Brookings, Oregon. Japanese planes drop incendiary bombs on Oregon in an attempt to set fire to the forests of the Northwest. The forests failed to ignite, but Pacific Coast citizens stepped-up their blackout drills in preparation for future Japanese raids.
    (HN, 9/9/99)

1943        Sep 9, Allied forces in operation Avalanche landed at Salerno and Taranto during World War II. They encountered strong resistance from German troops.
    (AP, 9/9/97)(HN, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1945        Sep 9, Japanese in S. Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrendered to Allies.
    (MC, 9/9/01)
1945        Sep 9, The 1st "bug" in a computer program was discovered by Grace Hopper. A moth was removed with teasers from a relay and taped into the log.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1948        Sep 9, The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) emerged out of Soviet occupation. Kim Il Sung established the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the northern half of the Korean peninsula. Kim Du Bong stood as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly. The North's first military parade had occurred seven months earlier.
    (, 12/28/11)(AP, 9/8/18)

1950        Sep 9, "Where's Charley?" closed at St James Theater NYC after 792 performances.
1950        Sep 9, There were massive arrests of communists in France.

1956        Sep 9, Elvis Presley made the first of three appearances on "The Ed Sullivan Show." By his third and final appearance on the Sullivan show, due to a number of viewers, who were outraged at his suggestive gyrations, Elvis was filmed from only the waist-up.
    (AP, 9/9/97)(MC, 9/9/01)

1957        Sep. 9, President Eisenhower signed into law the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction.
    (AP, 9/9/97)

1960        Sep 9, Hurricane Donna hit the Florida Keys and moved up the coast to New England. It caused 50 US deaths and $387 million in damage.
    (WSJ, 5/31/06, p.A1)(

1963        Sep 9, In Italy a landslide into Vaiont Dam emptied a lake and killed 3-4,000 people. [see Oct 9]
    (MC, 9/9/01)
1963        Sep 9, Alabama Gov George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1964        Sep 9, John Osborne's "Inadmissible Evidence," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1965        Sep 9, Sandy Koufax, baseball’s Great Jewish Hope, pitched a perfect game. It was the first perfect game thrown by a left-hander since 1880. In 2002 Jane Leavy authored "Sandy Koufax: A Lefty’s Legacy."
    (WSJ, 10/22/02, p.A1)(
1965        Sep 9, US Navy pilot James Stockdale (d.2005) was shot down in Vietnam. He was beaten, tortured and taken to Hoa Lo prison (Hanoi Hilton) and released in 1973. In 1992 he ran as VP candidate with Ross Perot.
    (SFC, 7/6/05, p.B7)
1965        Sep 9, Francois Mitterrand was nominated for French presidency.
    (MC, 9/9/01)
1965        Sep 9, Tibet was made an autonomous region of China.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1967        Sep 9, "Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In" aired as a one-time special on NBC; its success led to a regular series beginning in January 1968. The show folded in 1973.
    (AP, 9/9/07)(SSFC, 5/25/08, p.B6)

1968        Sep 9, Arthur Ashe (1943-1993) became the 1st black to win the US Open men’s tennis singles championship.

1969        Sep 9, Allegheny Flight 853 collided with Piper Cherokee above Indiana. 82 were killed.
    {Air Crash, Indonesia, USA}

1970        Sep 9, U.S. Marines launched Operation Dubois Square, a 10-day search for North Vietnamese troops near DaNang. Marine pilots in their diminutive Douglas A-4 Skyhawks provided vital close air support for ground forces in Vietnam.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1971        Sep 9, John Lennon released his mega hit "Imagine" in the US. It was released in Britain on October 8.
1971        Sep 9, Hockey legend Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings retired from the National Hockey League (NHL).
1971        Sep 9, A list of Pres. Richard Nixon’s major political opponents, compiled by Charles Colson, written by George T. Bell (assistant to Colson, special counsel to the White House), was sent in memorandum form to John Dean. It did not become public until 1973. 
1971        Sep 9-1971 Sep 13, Some 1,000 prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, NY, in a siege that claimed 43 lives. In 2000 a federal judge ordered an $8 million settlement to some 400 inmates to settle a prisoner class action suit. $4 million was for lawyers.
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.A3)(, 9/9/08)

1972        Sep 9, The US Olympic basketball team was beaten for the 1st time by a full-time Russian military team. The Russians also beat the Americans in the overall medal haul.
     (WSJ, 7/10/96, p.A9)(

1974        Sep 9, in Boston, Massachusetts, a group called Restore Our Alienated Rights (R.O.A.R.) held a rally at City Hall Plaza a few days before the start of school. When Senator Ted Kennedy took the stage to speak in favor of busing, the crowd reacted in anger. Protests and violence continued for three years.

1975        Sep 9, The TV sitcom “Welcome Back, Kotter" featured Ron Palillo (1949-2012) as student Arnold Horshack and Gabe Kaplan as teacher Gabe Kotter. The series propelled John Travolta to stardom and continued to 1979.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.C5)(,_Kotter)

1976        Sep 9, Mao Tse-tung (82), Chinese Communist party chairman (1949-76) died in Beijing. "Who controls a man’s ideas controls the man." In 1965 he launched the controversial Cultural Revolution, an often-brutal campaign to reform Chinese society. He was later held responsible for over 70 million deaths. Mao Zedong’s death triggered a 2-year power struggle. The Cultural Revolution's chief architects, Mao’s widow (Jiang Qing) and 3 others, the so-called Gang of Four, were jailed. Deng Xiaoping returned from disgrace and eventually seized power. In 2005 Jung Chang and Jon Halliday authored “Mao: The Unknown Story."
    (SFEC, 10/7/96, A9)(WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A22)(SSFC, 10/23/05, p.M1)(AP, 9/9/07)

1978        Sep 9, Jack L. Warner (b.1892), US movie producer, died. He was born as Itzhak Eichelbaum in London, Ontario, Canada of a Polish-Jewish family, and became the president and driving force behind the highly successful development of Warner Brothers Studios in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California.

1979        Sep 9, In the 31st Emmy Awards the winners included: Taxi, Lou Grant, Ron Leibman & Ruth Gordon.

1982        Sep 9, Robert Thibadeau at CMU-10A: Pittsburgh Zoo Options: The zoo is a worthwhile place to visit, but in my three years in Pittsburgh I have watched it deteriorate for lack of funds. Fortunately they have this wonderful 'adopt an animal' program. The adoption can be a day or month. Orangutanns (sic) eat light at $.75 a day or $22.50 a month, and for $15 a day or $450 a month you get yourself an entire elephant. Double that and you can probably have his name changed to Clyde. Triple it and I bet they will let you dye him pink. Visitation rights come with any adoption. The flyer is on my office door -- 5321.

1984        Sep 9, Walter Payton of the Chicago Bears broke Jim Brown's combined yardage record by reaching 15,517 yards.

1985        Sep 9, President Ronald W. Reagan issued Executive Order No. 12532 establishing sanctions against South Africa. Reagan banned the sale of computers to South African security agencies, barred most loans to the Pretoria government, halted the importation of the Krugerrand, South Africa's gold coin (effective Oct 11), and stopped exports of nuclear technology until South Africa signs an accord to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons.
1985        Sep 9, A bear hunter in Montana came across the skeletal remains of a woman. She was called “Christy Crystal Creek" until 2021 when she was identified as Janet Lee Lucas (1960-1983). She had been shot in the head with a .32-caliber handgun. Lucas was last seen in the summer of 1983 in Sandpoint, Idaho, about 200 miles away from where her body was found.
    (NBC News, 5/11/21)
1985        Sep 9, In Birmingham, England, race riots took place and continued thru Sep 11.
1985        Sep 9, In Thailand there was a failed coup attempt. Former PM Kriangsak was caught with other retired military officers at the headquarters of the plotters.
    (AP, 12/23/03)

1986        Sep 9, Frank Reed, American director of a private school in Lebanon, was taken hostage; he was released 44 months later.
    (AP, 9/9/97)

1987        Sep 9, Appearing before President Reagan's special commission on AIDS, Surgeon General C. Everett Koop denounced doctors and other health workers who refused to treat AIDS patients, calling them a "fearful and irrational minority."
    (AP, 9/9/97)
1987        Sep 9, A parked tank car containing butadiene ignited in the New Orleans area. A jury in 1997 awarded $3.4 billion in punitive damages to some 8,000 people who claimed to have suffered mental and physical injuries. Five companies were charged with CSX Transportation owing 2.5 bil.
    (SFC, 9/9/97, p.A10)

1988        Sep 9, The "Stars and Stripes," a catamaran piloted by Dennis Conner, completed a 2-0 washout of a New Zealand monohull for the America's Cup off San Diego. Conner's victory was eventually upheld in court.
    (AP, 9/9/98)
1988        Sep 9, Financial Corp. of America filed for bankruptcy with assets of $33.8 billion.
    (SFC, 4/7/01, p.A4)

1989        Sep 9, West German Steffi Graf won the women's tennis title at the U.S. Open in New York, defeating second-ranked Martina Navratilova.
    (AP, 9/9/99)

1990        Sep 9, Pete Sampras defeated Andre Agassi to win the US Open men’s title.
    (AP, 9/9/00)
1990        Sep 9, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S.  Gorbachev held a one-day summit in Helsinki, Finland, after which they joined in condemning Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/9/00)
1990        Sep 9, Liberian dictator Pres. Samuel K. Doe was killed after being captured by rebels led by Prince Johnson. Doe was tortured by rivals and bled to death after an ear was cut off. The remains of Doe’s Krahn-dominated army composed the AFL or Armed Forces of Liberia.
    (SFC, 4/10/96, p.A-4)(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)(AP, 9/9/00)(AP, 2/24/10)
1990        Sep 9, Alexandr Men, Russian Biblical scholar and writer, was murdered by an ax-wielding assailant just outside his home of Semkhoz, Russia.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.103)(

1991        Sep 9, Boxer Mike Tyson was indicted in Indianapolis on a charge of raping Desiree Washington, a beauty pageant contestant. Tyson was later convicted.
    (AP, 9/9/01)

1992        Sep. 9, Russian President Boris Yeltsin called off a trip to Japan in the face of growing pressure to resolve a dispute over four Kurile islands seized by the former Soviet Union in 1945.
    (AP, 9/9/97)

1993        Sep 9-1993 Sep 14, Hurricane Gert caused 76 deaths. It affected Mexico, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(
1993        Sep 9, PLO leaders and Israel agreed to recognize each other, clearing the way for a peace accord.
    (AP, 9/9/98)
1993        Sep 9, Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos was buried in his homeland, four years after his death in exile.
    (AP, 9/9/98)
1993        Sep 9, About a hundred Somali gunmen and civilians were killed when U.S. and Pakistani peacekeepers fired on Somalis attacking other peacekeepers.
    (AP, 9/9/98)

1994        Sep 9, The United States agreed to accept at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in return for Cuba's promise to halt the flight of refugees.
    (AP, 9/9/99)
1994        Sep 9, Prosecutors in Los Angeles said they would not seek the death penalty for O.J. Simpson.
    (AP, 9/9/99)
1994        Sep 9, The space shuttle Discovery blasted off on an 11-day mission.
    (AP, 9/9/99)
1994        Sep 9, In England six prisoners escaped from Whitemoor Prison. They included London Gangster Andy Russell, Paul Magee and other members of the IRA.
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.51)(

1995        Sep 9, Amtrak’s “Broadway Limited" service between New York and Chicago, begun in 1902, made its final run.
    (AP, 9/9/00)
1995        Sep 9, Bosnian Serbs blamed UN forces for a shell that killed ten people at a Bosnian Serb hospital the day before.
    (AP, 9/9/00)

1996        Sep 9, Promising safer skies, President Clinton issued orders to tighten airport security and challenged Congress to support a $1.1 billion anti-terrorism crackdown.
    (AP, 9/9/97)
1996        Sep 9, Keeping her word not to cooperate with Whitewater prosecutors, Susan McDougal was led away to jail for contempt of court, denying she was trying to protect President Clinton with her silence.
    (AP, 9/9/97)
1996        Sep 9, Boston investor Thomas H. Lee donated $22 mil to Harvard Univ.
    (WSJ, 9/10/96, p.A6)
1996        Sep 9, Bill Monroe (b.1911), Blue Grass pioneer, died 4 days shy of his 85th b-day. His blues style was much influenced by the thumb-style blues guitar picking of a black musician named Arnold Schultz. In 2000 Richard D. Smith authored the biography "Can’t You Hear me Callin’."
    (WSJ, 9/16/96, p.A14)(WSJ, 7/28/00, p.W9)(
1996        Sep 9, An Australian livestock official reported that the burning ship, Uniceb, with 70,000 sheep had probably sunk. It had been bound for Jordan when the crew abandoned it after it caught fire on Sep 2.
    (SFC, 9/10/96, p.A11)

1997        Sep 9, Actor Burgess Meredith died in Malibu, Calif., at age 89. He had played the Penguin on TV’s Batman and numerous films in a 60 year film career. He was born Nov 16, 1907 in Cleveland.
    (SFC, 9/11/97, p.A18)(AP, 9/9/98)
1997        Sep 9, Richie Ashburn, Hall of Fame baseball player (Phillies, Mets), died at 70.
1997        Sep 9, In China former Beijing mayor Chen Xitong was handed over to prosecutors on charges of corruption in a scandal with the loss of as much as $2.2 billion in public funds.
    (SFC, 9/10/97, p.A9)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.49)
1997        Sep 9, Sinn Fein, the IRA's political ally, accepted the Mitchell Principles and formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland's future.
    (AP, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1998        Sep 9, Pres. Clinton released $20 million in aid for the refugees in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.D3)
1998        Sep 9, Kenneth Starr, independent council, delivered 36 boxes to Capital Hill that contained 2 copies of his report on the case for the impeachment of Pres. Clinton. His probe began with the failed Arkansas land deal and ended with the Monica Lewinsky affair.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 9, Four tourists who had paid $32,500 each were taken in a tiny submarine to view the wreckage of the Titanic, 2 1/2 miles below the Atlantic off Newfoundland.
    (AP, 9/9/99)
1998        Sep 9, The Tripartite Gold Commission closed. It was set up in 1946 by Britain, France and the United States to oversee the return of some $4 billion in gold plundered by the Nazis from European treasuries.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.C2)
1998        Sep 9, The UN General Assembly elected Uruguay’s foreign minister as president for its 53rd session. Didier Opertiti replaced Hennadiy Udovenko of Ukraine.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.C2)
1998        Sep 9, The UN Security Council voted to suspend periodic reviews of the economic sanctions on Iraq.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.A12)
1998        Sep 9, A 5.5 earthquake hit Italy between the towns of Castelluccio Inferiore and Laino Borgo where the regions of Calabria and Basilicata meet.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.C2)
1998        Sep 9, In Kosovo some 25,000 civilians streamed out of the southwest as Serbian forces shelled their villages.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.A13)
1998        Sep 9, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin nominated Foreign Minister Yevgeny Primakov to be prime minister.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.A15)

1999        Sep 9, Pres. Clinton moved to cut military ties with Indonesia and the IMF suspended its lending program due to the violence in East Timor.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 9, The White House announced a $15 million federal gun-buyback program.
    (WSJ, 9/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 9, The US State Dept. released its first annual assessment on the state of religious affairs around the world.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D2)   
1999        Sep 9, Janet Reno named former Republican Sen. John Danforth as special counsel to investigate the 1993 Waco, Texas, deaths of the Branch Davidian cult.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/9/00)
1999        Sep 9, In Miami undercover agents arrested 15 more people for suspected drug smuggling at the airport.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.A3)
1999        Sep 9, In NYC it was reported that 3 people had died from mosquito-borne St. Louis encephalitis in the last few weeks. The virus was later identified as the West Nile Virus, never before reported in the Western Hemisphere. 3 years later the virus reached California.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.A3)(SFC, 9/28/99, p.A9)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.34)
1999        Sep 9, Jim "Catfish" Hunter (53), Hall of Fame baseball pitcher, died in Hertford, North Carolina, from Lou Gehrig's disease.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/9/00)
1999        Sep 9, Actress Ruth Roman (75) died in Laguna Beach, California.
    (AP, 9/9/00)
1999        Sep 9, In Cambodia Kaing Khek, aka "Duch" and former head of the Khmer Rouge torture center, was charged with genocide.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D4)
1999        Sep 9, China and the US agreed to reopen negotiations for China's entry into the WTO.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D3)
1999        Sep 9, In Dagestan Russia lost a Su-25 combat jet.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D4)
1999        Sep 9, Israel released 199 Palestinians from prison and detailed the 7% of West Bank land scheduled for transfer.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D3)(WSJ, 9/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 9, An explosion shattered a 9-story apartment building in Moscow and at least 14 people were killed. A natural gas leak was suspected, but a bomb was not ruled out. The death toll moved up to 90 with 249 injured and officials said it was caused by a terrorist bomb.  [see Dec 29, 2003]
    (SFC, 9/9/99, p.A12)(SFC, 9/10/99, p.A12)(SFC, 9/11/99, p.A9)
1999        Sep 9, In Serbia 2 grenades exploded in a crowd of French troops and demonstrating Serbs at Kosovska Mitrovica. 37 civilians and 8 French soldiers were injured.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A8)
1999        Sep 9, In Venezuela the Constitutional Assembly agreed to reverse its order for Congress to shut down and allowed Congress to resume normal activities in an accord mediated by the Catholic Church.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.A16)

2000        Sep 9, Venus Williams beat Lindsay Davenport 6-4, 7-5 for the U.S. Open women's singles championship, her first Grand Slam title.
    (AP, 9/9/01)
2000        Sep 9, President Clinton proposed spending about $1.6 billion to help communities recover from recent Western wildfires.
    (AP, 9/9/01)
2000        Sep 9, California celebrated its 150th birthday.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.A3)
2000        Sep 9, Chuck Holmes (b.1945) founder of Falcon Studios in San Francisco, died from liver failure, a complication of AIDS. His estate provided a $1 million endowment that would help establish the SF LGBT Community Center.
2000        Sep 9, In Congo rebels captured Dongo and forced the retreat of government troops toward Imese. Scores were killed in a 36-hour battle.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.13)
2000        Sep 9, In France union leaders called for an end to the 6-day fuel protests.
    (SFEC, 9/10/00, p.A18)
2000        Sep 9, It was reported that Venezuela had begun a criminal investigation against Ford and Firestone due to at least 47 deaths from defective tires on Ford Explorers.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A10)

2001        Sep 9, Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit three home runs against the Colorado Rockies to give him 63 for the season, passing Roger Maris' once-magical mark and moving him closer to Mark McGwire's record.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2001        Sep 9, SF hosted a 10.2 mile track Grand Prix bicycle race. George Hincapie, a teammate to Lance Armstrong, won the 127-mile race. Armstrong bowed out after 80 miles.
    (SFC, 9/5/01, p.A13)(SFC, 9/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 9, Lleyton Hewitt ran down Pete Sampras to earn his first Grand Slam title, 7-6 (4), 6-1, 6-1 at the U.S. Open.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2001        Sep 9, The US pulled out of the World Conference Against Racism objecting to hateful language in a preliminary declaration.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D5)
2001        Sep 9, In Sacramento Joseph Ferguson (20), a suspended security guard, killed a 5th victim in 24 hrs. He shot himself to death the next day following a police chase and shootout that injured 2.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 9, In Afghanistan Ahmed Shah Masood (b.1953), the opposition leader (Lion of Panjshir), was injured and a close aide killed from an explosion triggered by agents posing as journalists. Massood (Massoud) died shortly after the explosion.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B2)(SFC, 9/11/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 9, Najwa bin laden left her husband, Osama bin Laden, in Afghanistan and returned to her native Syria, taking with her a son and her two youngest daughters. Eman, Omar's sister, was left behind with her father and siblings. Omar bin Laden (20) had left the family and Afghanistan earlier in the year.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2001        Sep 9, In Belarus presidential elections were held. Pres. Lukashenko won with 75.6% of the vote. There were widespread allegations of fraud and abuse. Opposition leader Vladimir Goncharik won 15.4%.
    (SSFC, 9/2/01, p.A14)(SFC, 9/10/01, p.B1)(SFC, 9/11/01, p.B3)
2001        Sep 9, It was reported that some 3,000 people had been executed in China since Pres. Zemin announced a crackdown in April.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A18)
2001        Sep 9, EU foreign ministers agreed on the need for a new int’l. military force to provide security in Macedonia after NATO withdrawal.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 9, In Nahariya, Israel, an Israeli Arab, Muhammad Saker Habashi (55), killed himself and 3 others in a suicide bombing. At least 71 other people were wounded. 4 other people were killed in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 9, In Damak, Nepal, a Bhutanese leader, R.K. Budhathoki, was attacked and killed with khukris, the traditional Nepalese curved knives.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B2)
2001        Sep 9, In the UAE Mustafa Ahmed al Hissawi, an associate of Osama bin Laden, retrieved about $5,000 sent by Marwan al Shehhi, a UAE citizen believed to be the Sep 11 pilot of US Flight 175.
    (WSJ, 11/2/01, p.A13)

2002        Sep 9, The US State Department cleared the way for giving $41.6 million in arms and equipment to Colombia, certifying that the country's military has met human rights requirements in three areas.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, Allied aircraft struck Iraq for the third time in a week, bombing a military facility southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, In Burundi 183 civilians were killed by uniformed men in an area of heavy fighting between government troops and rebels. On Sep 18 the government promised an investigation.
    (AP, 9/18/02)
2002        Sep 9, In El Salvador a small plane crashed into the slopes of a mountain, killing four prominent Guatemala businessmen and the pilot.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, In Egypt a military court convicted 51 men in one of the country's biggest cases against Muslim militants in years and sentenced them to two to 15 years in prison. The group was dubbed al-Wa'ad (the Promise).
    (AP, 9/9/02)(SFC, 9/10/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 9, The Rajdhani Express train derailed in Bihar state and fell into a river, killing at least 118 people. An Indian railway official said that it was an act of sabotage.
    (AP, 9/10/02)(WSJ, 9/10/02, p.A1)(Reuters, 9/11/02)(AP, 9/9/03)
2002        Sep 9, Iraq challenged the United States to produce "one piece of evidence" that it was producing weapons of mass destruction. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said the Security Council must be allowed to have its say on a possible attack against Iraq.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2002        Sep 9, In Nepal Maoist rebels launched an overnight attack on a remote Nepali town targeting several government offices. At least 57 soldiers and police were killed and a counterattack was launched.
    (Reuters, 9/9/02)(SFC, 9/10/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 9, An earthquake struck just off Papua New Guinea's north coast, killing 3 people and causing a tidal wave that washed away at least 40 homes.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, Tens of thousands of Sri Lankans rallied in the capital Colombo in a show of support for peace talks with separatist Tamil Tiger rebels aimed at ending one of Asia's longest-running wars.
    (Reuters, 9/9/02)

2003        Sep 9, The Catholic archdiocese of Boston agreed to pay $85 million to settle claims by more than 550 people who said they were sexually abused by priests.
    (SFC, 9/10/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 9, The WSJ disclosed that Dick Grasso, Chairman of the NYSE, had a retirement package close to $140 million along with entitlements to an additional $48 million. His 2001 pay exceeded $30 million with a base pay of $1.4 million. Grasso soon decided to forego the $48 million undisclosed compensation. In 2007 Charles Gasparino authored “King of the Club: Richard Grasso and the Survival of the New York Stock Exchange.
    (WSJ, 9/11/03, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/25/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 11/21/07, p.D10)
2003        Sep 9, Alabama voters rejected Amendment One by a margin of 2 to 1. The liberal tax measure was endorsed by Gov. Bob Riley and based on Judeo-Christian ethics.
    (SSFC, 12/12/04, p.A14)
2003        Sep 9, Edward Teller (95), Hungarian-born pioneer in molecular physics and dubbed the "father of the H-bomb" for his role in the early development of nuclear weapons, died.
    (SFC, 9/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 9, Argentina missed a $2.9 billion payment to the IMF.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.32)
2003        Sep 9, France's leading undertaker estimated the country's death toll from a summer heat wave at 15,000.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2003        Sep 9, Israeli troops killed three Palestinians, including a 12-year-old boy, in an arrest raid in the West Bank city of Hebron, as Israel signaled both reluctant acquiescence and disapproval of the Palestinians' candidate for prime minister. In Jerusalem twin suicide bombings, 5 hours apart, killed 16 Israelis. One suicide bomber chose a nightspot packed with young Israelis, the other a bus stop where soldiers were waiting for their ride homes.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2003        Sep 9, The European Union's high court ruled that Italy and other EU governments can temporarily ban genetically modified foods while they examine health risks, but must provide "detailed grounds," not general fears, to do so.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2003        Sep 9, In western Venezuelan two passenger buses crashed in separate highway accidents, killing 45 people and injuring dozens of others.
    (AP, 9/9/03)

2004        Sep 9, Secretary of State Colin Powell told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that abuses by government-supported Arab militias in Sudan qualified as genocide against the black African population in the Darfur region.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2004        Sep 9, It was reported that a munitions plant in Oklahoma had suspended production of “bunker buster" bombs after workers there developed anemia.
    (WSJ, 9/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 9, Tourists and residents were told to evacuate the Florida Keys because the powerful Hurricane Ivan could hit the island chain by Sunday. It had top sustained winds of 160 mph, making it a Category 5 storm.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2004        Sep 9, Ayman al-Zawahri said in an al Qaeda videotape that the US will be ultimately defeated in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 9/10/04, p.A14)
2004        Sep 9, Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah Bolkiah (30), the future king of the oil-rich sultanate of Brunei, married a 17-year-old half-Swiss commoner.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2004        Sep 9, Hurricane Ivan grew into the deadliest of storms overnight, packing winds of 160 mph as it made a beeline for Jamaica after pummeling Grenada, Barbados and other islands, causing at least 20 deaths. Police in Grenada battled looters.
    (AP, 9/9/04)(WSJ, 9/9/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 9, A military Lynx helicopter crashed near the city of Brno in the Czech Republic, killing six British soldiers.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2004        Sep 9, In Indonesia a car bomb exploded outside the gates of the Australian Embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people and wounding more than 160.
    (Econ, 9/11/04, p.39)(AP, 9/9/05)
2004        Sep 9, US jets pounded the rebel stronghold of Fallujah, and American and Iraqi forces entered the central city of Samarra for the first time in months to try to reseat the city council and regain control. US and Iraqi security forces launched attacks to flush out insurgents in northern Iraq, killing 12 people.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2004        Sep 9, Clashes with Israeli troops killed 8 Palestinians and left 27 wounded in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/9/04)(WSJ, 9/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 9, Nigerian troops battled militia forces in the mangrove swamps of Africa's leading oil region, the Niger Delta. The offensive has forced refugees to stream into the Port Harcourt.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2004        Sep 9, A huge explosion rocked North Korea. The huge blast hit a mountainous area close to an underground missile base that was listed as a possible uranium enrichment site. North Korea later said that the huge cloud caused by an explosion near its border with China was the planned demolition of a mountain for a hydroelectric project.
    (Reuters, 9/12/04)(AP, 9/13/04)
2004        Sep 9, Pakistani jets pounded a suspected training facility for foreign militants in a two-hour barrage in tribal South Waziristan, killing 50 people. Pakistani troops assaulted a suspected terror hideout, killing at least six militants. Five of the six dead were foreigners.
    (AP, 9/9/04)(AP, 9/10/04)

2005        Sep 9, The Bush administration removed Mike Brown, director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, from the Gulf Coast disaster zone and ordered him back to Washington. FEMA discontinued a debit card program that gave victims cards worth $2000.
    (SFC, 9/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 9, Leandro Aragoncillo, an FBI intelligence analyst at Fort Monmouth, and a former official with the Philippines National Police were arrested, charged in a federal criminal complaint with acting as unregistered agents of a foreign official and passing classified information to that official and others in the Republic of the Philippines.
2005        Sep 9, A military spokesman said the US military is tube-feeding more than a dozen of the 89 terror suspects on hunger strike at the Guantanamo Bay prison in Cuba.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 9, A Nevada couple pleaded guilty in San Jose, Calif., to all charges related to planting a human fingertip in a bowl of Wendy's chili in a scheme to extort money from the fast food restaurant chain.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2005        Sep 9, Hewlett-Packard introduced a line of TV sets equipped with hard drives and the ability to connect to wireless networks.
    (SFC, 9/9/05, p.C3)
2005        Sep 9, Afghan and coalition forces killed 30 enemies and captured 60 others during an operation in Grishk district of Helmand.
    (AFP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 9, The presidents of Bolivia, Brazil and Peru inaugurated an $810 million highway project to connect Brazil's Atlantic coast to Peru's Pacific ports before the end of the decade.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, China deployed a fleet of 5 warships near a gas field in the East China Sea, an area that is disputed by China and Japan.
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, p.A12)
2005        Sep 9, It was reported that China Telecom has started blocking access to Skype, a popular Internet telephone service that is threatening its long-distance revenue.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, Croatia's government said that army officers can give lessons about the 1991 Serbo-Croat war in elementary schools, despite critics' claims the move marks a return to communist-style links between schools and the military.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, Pro-government newspapers trumpeted President Hosni Mubarak's re-election victory after preliminary results showed he swept Egypt's first contested race for his job. The turnout was 23%.
    (AP, 9/9/05)(Reuters, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, The body that controls French winemaking said makers of Bordeaux wines have been told to reduce their output this year by about 12% because of overproduction and falling prices.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, Indian border guards killed 3 Bangladeshi villagers after they had strayed across the border near the eastern Bangladesh town of Akhaura. India and Bangladesh share a 4,095-kilometre (2,539-mile) border, which India is busy fencing in a bid to cut the level of illegal immigration.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, The Baghdad International Airport, the country's only reliable link to the outside world, closed in an embarrassing pay dispute between the government and a British security company.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi's Cabinet approved a bill to limit the use of phone taps, legislation prompted after conversations recorded during a bank takeover investigation were leaked to the media this summer.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, Japanese software company Access Co., maker of the NetFront Internet browser for mobile devices, said it has agreed to buy PalmSource Inc., maker of the Palm operating system for handheld computers and cell phones, for $324 million in cash.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, NATO nations agreed to use alliance ships and aircraft to rush European aid to the US Gulf Coast in response to an American request for more help to cope with the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 9, Latin American and US officials stepped up pressure against legislative efforts to oust Nicaraguan President Enrique Bolanos, whose anti-corruption campaign has driven lawmakers of his own party into alliance with rivals.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, In Pakistan 3 suspected foreign militants were arrested after a shootout with Pakistani forces near Afghanistan. A bystander was killed and her son wounded by stray bullets during the clash near Miran Shah, capital of the North Waziristan tribal area.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 9, A magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck off the northeast coast of the Pacific island nation of Papua New Guinea.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 9, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe signed amendments that adopted constitutional changes that make it easier for the state to seize private property and prevent opponents from traveling abroad to criticize his 25-year rule. The constitutional overhaul stripped landowners of their right to appeal expropriation of their property by the state and declared all real estate is now on a 99-year lease from the government.
    (AP, 9/12/05)

2006        Sep 9, Space shuttle Atlantis and its six astronauts blasted off on a mission to resume construction of the international space station for the first time since the Columbia disaster 3 1/2 years ago.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 9, Joanna Veil, aged 28 and pregnant, vanished after leaving work in Ben Lomond, Ca. Her body was found Sep 14 in a remote area of Santa Cruz County. In 2007 authorities named Michael McClish (38) a suspect in the case. McClish was convicted in 2007 for another murder and sentenced to 18 years in prison. In 2008 he was charged with Veil’s murder.
    (SFC, 9/16/06, p.B1)(SFC, 5/8/08, p.B2)
2006        Sep 9, Clair Burgener (84), 5-term US Republican congressman from San Diego (1973-1983), died.
    (SFC, 9/15/06, p.B9)
2006        Sep 9, Elisabeth Ogilvie (89), writer, died at her home in Cushing, Maine. Her 46 books included the Tide trilogy, which centered on the Bennet family and lobster-trapping life.
    (SFC, 9/15/06, p.B9)
2006        Sep 9, Afghan and NATO soldiers killed at least 40 suspected Taliban militants in fierce raids that destroyed insurgent hideouts and a weapons-making factory in Kandahar province. One NATO soldier died. 2 coalition soldiers training Afghan troops were killed in combat. 2 policemen were killed when dozens of Taliban rebels attacked their post in western Farah province with machine guns and rockets. Gen. Ray Henault, chief of NATO’s military committee, said he would ask the 26 alliance members for up to 2,500 more soldiers.
    (AP, 9/9/06)(AP, 9/10/06)(SSFC, 9/10/06, p.A19)
2006        Sep 9, In Brazil Ubiratan Guimaraes, the police colonel accused of ordering a 1992 jail massacre of more than 100 inmates, was shot dead in his apartment in Sao Paulo.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 9, British PM Tony Blair arrived in Tel Aviv for talks with his Israeli counterpart Ehud Olmert and other key players in the region on the stalled Middle East peace process.
    (AFP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 9, Five central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) signed a nuclear-free zone treaty, but it did not cancel out a 1992 agreement to allow Russia to transport and deploy nuclear weapons there under certain circumstances.
    (SSFC, 9/10/06, p.A18)
2006        Sep 9, In CongoDRC it was reported to take 155 days to register a business at a cost of 5 times the average annual income of $120.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.60)
2006        Sep 9, In Finland leaders and top officials from 38 Asian and European nations gathered in Helsinki for the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM). The agenda included security issues, trade and global warming.
    (AFP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 9, In India recent estimates by conservationists and some officials put the population of Bengal tigers at 1,200 to 1,500. The government insisted the tiger population was stable at around 3,500.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.46)
2006        Sep 9, Iran's top nuclear negotiator met with the European Union foreign policy chief for crucial talks seen as the last chance for Iran to avoid U.N. sanctions over its nuclear defiance.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 9, In Iraq the US-led coalition said an Iraqi court has convicted 38 people of charges related to the insurgency, including kidnapping and murder. Their sentences ranged from six months to life. At least 15 violent deaths were reported across the country. Millions of Shiite pilgrims thronged Karbala for a religious festival that ended peacefully amid tight security. Authorities found the bullet-riddled bodies of 6 people dumped in Mahmoudiya. One unidentified body, blindfolded with hands and feet bound, was found in the Tigris River in Suwayah.
    (AP, 9/9/06)(AP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 9, The 10-week Israeli military operation, code named Summer Rains, left 230 Gazans dead, including over 60 children. It had no noticeable impact on militant activities.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.47)
2006        Sep 9, Italy's PM Romano Prodi said Syria has agreed "in principle" to a European Union presence on its border to help stem the flow of weapons into Lebanon.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 9, The Chinese movie "Still Life" won the top award at the Venice Film Festival.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2006        Sep 9, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim militants shot dead two policemen in an attack on a police check post. They also looted arms and ammunition.
    (AFP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 9, The ship Moubarak heading from Madagascar to the Comoros Islands sank in the Indian Ocean this weekend in bad weather. Of the 76 people on board, 43 people were rescued after the boat sank. 33 people were missing.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 9, It was reported that some 15,000 students from Saudi Arabia were enrolling on college campuses across the United States this semester under a new educational exchange program brokered by President Bush and Saudi King Abdullah.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 9, In northern Sri Lanka at least 26 troops were killed and over 125 wounded in new fighting as Tamil rebels resisted an army advance into guerrilla-held territory.
    (AFP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 9, Sudan authorities confiscated all copies of the independent al-Sudani newspaper, the latest move in a resurgence of censorship since the beheading of a journalist last week. Paul Salopek was released from a prison in the war-torn Darfur region where he was held for more than a month on espionage charges.
    (Reuters, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 9, Tens of thousands of red-clad protesters thronged Taiwan's capital, demanding that President Chen Shui-bian resign over a series of alleged corruption scandals involving his family and inner circle. Shih Ming-teh, a former chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), began camping with fellow protesters in the center of Taipei.  
    (AP, 9/9/06)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.48)
2006        Sep 9, Pope Benedict XVI began a six-day homecoming to his native Bavaria.
    (AP, 9/9/06)

2007        Sep 9, In the 2007 MTV Music Video Awards the winners included: Video of the Year: Rihanna, "Umbrella," featuring Jay-Z; Male Artist of the Year: Justin Timberlake; Female Artist of the Year: Fergie. Britney Spears performed her new single "Gimme More" in a much-criticized comeback attempt at the event in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 9/10/07)(AP, 9/9/08)
2007        Sep 9, Phil Frank (64), longtime resident of Sausalito, Ca., and creator of the Farley and Elderberries comic strips, announced his retirement. His Farley strip had run in the SF Chronicle for decades.
    (SSFC, 9/9/07, p.A1)
2007        Sep 9, The remains of Sam (7) and Lindsey (8) Porter were found near the Missouri River in Sugar Creek, Mo. They had been missing since their disappearance on June 5, 2004. On November 20 their father, Dan Porter (44), already in jail for their kidnapping, was charged in their shootings.
    (SFC, 11/21/07, p.A4)(
2007        Sep 9, In Utah searchers found the body of Camille Cleverley (22) at the base of a cliff near Bridal Veil Falls in Provo. The Brigham Young Univ. student had been missing for over a week.
    (SFC, 9/10/07, p.A4)
2007        Sep 9, Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai said he was ready to hold talks with Taliban militants in an effort to end their bloody insurgency against his US-backed administration.
    (AFP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, Large swathes of Bangladesh were underwater again after heavy rains, adding to the misery of millions hit by flooding that has killed more than 830 people since late July.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, The British couple named as suspects in the disappearance of their 4-year-old daughter returned to England, days after being grilled by Portuguese police about new forensic evidence authorities believe ties them to the case.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, Bishop Han Dingxiang (71), who led an underground congregation of Roman Catholics and was repeatedly detained in China for his loyalty to the Vatican, died in police custody. He died while being treated in a hospital for an unspecified illness.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 9, Volkswagen announced the Up! At the Frankfurt Motor Show. The 6,000 euro ($8,300) is a small car intended for emerging markets.
    (Econ, 9/15/07, p.78)
2007        Sep 9, Guatemala held presidential elections. Front runners Alvaro Colom, candidate of the center left National Unity of Hope party, and Otto Perez Molina, of the conservative Patriotic Party, were virtually tied in recent polls. The 2 candidates faced a presidential runoff in November after a close first-round vote.
    (SSFC, 9/9/07, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 9, In southern India a highway overpass collapsed in Hyderabad, crushing vehicles and injuring pedestrians taking shelter from a rainstorm. At least 2 people were killed. officials said they feared 20 people had died.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 9, Iraq's Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari urged neighbors to prevent "terrorists and killers" from crossing into his country and warned that the violence in Iraq could spill across its borders. A mortar attack in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad killed one person, and an explosion in a booby-trapped minibus south of the capital, in Mahmoudiya, also killed one. A coordinated attack on a police station in Hajaj, a predominantly Sunni village in northern Iraq, left five policemen and four civilians dead before the gunmen were driven off with the help of residents. A US airstrike in northern Iraq killed an insurgent suspected to be behind the quadruple suicide bombings in August against communities of Yazidis.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, Israeli police said they have cracked a cell of young Israeli neo-Nazis accused in a string of attacks on foreign workers, religious Jews, drug addicts and gays. Eight immigrants from the former Soviet Union were arrested in recent days in connection with at least 15 attacks, and a ninth fled the country.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, In northern Mexico a truck carrying 25 tons of ammonium nitrate blew up after colliding with another vehicle, killing at least 37 people, including three reporters who came to the scene near Sacramento.
    (AP, 9/10/07)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.40)
2007        Sep 9, Moroccan nationalist party Istiqlal vowed to keep an alliance with socialists after emerging as the surprise winner in elections marred by the lowest turnout ever in the north African nation.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, Pakistani police manned roadblocks and rounded up supporters of former PM Nawaz Sharif as he prepared to end seven years in exile and return to Pakistan to lead a campaign to topple the country's US-allied military ruler. Suspected pro-Taliban militants ambushed a military convoy in troubled northwestern Pakistan, triggering a shootout that killed 10 militants and wounded seven soldiers.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, Shepherds from 32 countries joined their Spanish colleagues to lead flocks of sheep through the streets of downtown Madrid in defense of ancient grazing routes threatened by urban sprawl and manmade frontiers. Modern-day Madrid lies squarely in the way of two venerable north-south routes, one dating back to 1372.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, Southern Sudanese officials said government troops have agreed to end their siege of 61 south Sudanese soldiers, resolving a stand-off that risked undermining the north-south peace deal.
    (Reuters, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 9, Thousands of protesters blocked a central Taipei street and displayed candles in the shape of the Chinese character for "fart" to demand that Taiwan President Chen Shui-bian step down over suspected corruption.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

2008        Sep 9, In Berkeley, Ca., the last 4 protesters in a lone redwood voluntarily climbed down. The struggle to protect 42 trees from being felled for a sports training center had begun on December 1, 2006. UC later sought as much as $10,000 from each of the tree sitters for attorney fees.
    (SFC, 9/10/08, p.A1)(SFC, 9/22/08, p.B1)
2008        Sep 9, San Antonio, Texas, unveiled a deal that will make it the first US city to harvest methane gas from human waste on a commercial scale and turn it into clean-burning fuel.
    (Reuters, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, O3B Networks Ltd., founded by Greg Wyler (38), announced plans to launch as many as 16 satellites that could provide Internet service to Africa, the Middle East and parts of Latin America by 2010 at a cost of some $650 million.
    (WSJ, 9/9/08, p.B1)(
2008        Sep 9, Angola's former rebel movement and main opposition party UNITA faced up to a crushing electoral defeat in a landmark peacetime poll in which it won only 10.4% of the vote. The ruling left-wing MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola), which has been in power for over three decades, had nearly 82 percent of the votes.
    (AFP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, The 27-member EU stopped short of offering Ukraine membership during an EU-Ukraine summit hosted by French President Nicolas Sarkozy. But the two sides began work on an "association accord," a step that offers closer political and economic ties and in the past has been designed to prepare nations for eventual membership.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 9, An Italian study showed a new way to test for cervical cancer is more accurate than a pap smear and identified more dangerous lesions.
    (Reuters, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, A NATO bomb missed its target by more than 1 1/2 miles and hit a house, killing two Afghan civilians and wounding 10 at a time of rising tension between the Afghan government and international troops over the use of airstrikes.
    (AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, Hurricane Ike roared south of Havana, Cuba, after tearing across the island nation, ravaging homes, killing at least four people and forcing 1.2 million to evacuate.
    (AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, The Iraqi oil ministry said Anglo-Dutch energy giant Royal Dutch Shell has agreed to a gas joint venture with Iraq worth up to four billion dollars, becoming the first Western oil major to gain access to the violence-wracked country's vast energy reserves.
    (AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, Morocco said it would start vaccinating all livestock after the outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants, a deadly viral disease, ahead of the Eid festival when millions of animals are sacrificed.
    (AFP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, Militants in Nigeria's oil-rich Niger Delta hijacked a vessel with five expatriate and eight Nigerian oil workers on board. Robin Hughes from St Margaret's Bay, Kent, was among 27 oil workers kidnapped by militants when their vessel was hijacked. Hughes (59) was freed on April 19, 2009.
    (AFP, 9/10/08)(AFP, 4/20/09)
2008        Sep 9, North Korea held a military parade to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the country’s founding, but leader Kim Jong Il (66) was missing. Media later reported that Kim Jong Il had brain surgery after a stroke last month and could have partial paralysis on one side.
    (SFC, 9/10/08, p.A3)(AP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 9, OPEC ministers decided to scale back production by some 520,000 barrels a day in the face of falling oil prices and slowing demand. Hours earlier Russia proposed extensive cooperation with OPEC.
    (WSJ, 9/10/08, p.A7)
2008        Sep 9, Asif Ali Zardari. the widower of assassinated former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, took office as the country's new president, facing immediate pressure to crack down on Islamic militants and address daunting economic problems. Zardari and Afghan Pres. Karzai hosted a joint news conference and declared that they stand together against the Taliban and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(SFC, 9/10/08, p.A7)
2008        Sep 9, Russia said it will station 7,600 troops in South Ossetia and in Abkhazia, announcing an imposing long-term presence less than a day after agreeing to pull forces back from areas surrounding the provinces.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(WSJ, 9/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Sep 9, Serbian lawmakers ratified a pre-membership agreement with the EU and an oil and gas deal with Russia after months of heated debate over the direction of the country's policies.
    (AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, A gunman killed an outspoken Somali lawmaker in the provincial town of Baidoa, the latest in a series of attacks in the lawless African nation.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 9, Thailand's PM Samak was forced to resign along with his Cabinet after a court ruled that he had violated the constitution by hosting TV cooking shows while in office. The Cabinet will remain in a caretaker position until a new administration is installed.
    (AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, Tamil Tiger rebels launched an air and ground assault on a military complex in northern Sri Lanka. 5 women were among 10 suicide bombers that struck the Vavuniya military complex, 260 kilometers (160 miles) north of Colombo. At least 15 people were killed in the attack. The UN announced it was withdrawing its aid workers from Sri Lanka's embattled north ahead of a major military drive, as Colombo claimed its first downing of a rebel aircraft.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(AFP, 9/12/08)
2008        Sep 9, Togo’s Health Ministry said an outbreak of bird flu has been confirmed for the first time since last year.
    (AP, 9/9/08)

2009        Sep 9, President Barack Obama, in a major speech before Congress, promised to overhaul the nation's health care system. Not a single Republican has endorsed any of the plans approved so far by four House and Senate committees. Rep. Joe Wilson, R-S.C., heckled Obama with a shout of “You lie!" regarding Obama’s assertion of no planned medical care to illegal immigrants. Wilson soon apologized but refused to do so on the House floor.
    (AP, 9/9/09)(SFC, 9/11/09, p.A18)
2009        Sep 9, The US, Britain, Cyprus, Japan and Singapore signed on to an international plan, the “New York Declaration," to fight piracy off the coast of Somalia. The New York Declaration is an agreement between the signatory flag states which condemns acts of piracy and armed robbery against vessels and seafarers and recognizes that self protection measures taken by vessels can be highly effective in avoiding, delaying and deterring acts of piracy. The nonbinding political document was originally tabled on May 29, 2009.
    (SFC, 9/10/09, p.A2)(
2009        Sep 9, Lawyers said 3 Chinese Muslims detained at Guantanamo Bay formally accepted an offer to take up new lives in the Pacific island nation of Palau and could be moved there as early as next month.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 9, California Assemblyman Mike Duvall, R-Yorba Linda, resigned after a videotape surfaced of his bragging about sexual exploits with 2 women, one of whom reportedly worked as a lobbyist.
    (SFC, 9/10/09, p.A11)
2009        Sep 9, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside the Camp Bastion NATO base in southern Helmand province, killing at least two Afghan civilians and wounding several foreign and local troops. British commandos freed NY Times reporter Stephen Farrell (46) in a raid on a Taliban hide-out in northern Afghanistan. Farrell and his translator had been taken hostage on Sep 5. A British soldier died during the raid as well as Afghan translator, Sultan Munadi (34) and 2 civilians.
    (AFP, 9/9/09)(AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, Australia announced that it has launched a war crimes investigation into the 1975 killing of five Australian-based journalists during an attack by Indonesian forces in East Timor.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, Colombian customs agents said they seized $11.3 million in cash from a shipping container in the nation's largest cargo port. Ret. Gen. Francisco Pedraza was captured at the installations of the IV Brigade in Medellin, Antioquia. He is being investigated for homicide, forced displacement and terrorism as part of an investigation into the 2001 massacre of at least 26 people in Naya, Cauca state.
    (AP, 9/9/09)(AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 9, Dubai’s Sheikh Mohammed al-Maktoum opened the Arabian Peninsula's first metro system, the $7.6 billion project, hoping to capture the world's spotlight on the catchy date of 9/9/09, whether the sleek system is fully ready to go or not.
    (AP, 9/9/09)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.52)
2009        Sep 9, In Ecuador Gloria Daniela Lopez, a Los Angeles college student, was stabbed to death in Ambato. Her body was found the next day with her throat slit. A family friend later said she had been decapitated and possibly raped. A local police investigation was said to be stalled because she was American.
    (SFC, 10/9/09, p.D5)
2009        Sep 9, Gabon’s opposition claimed that violence in Port-Gentil, Gabon's second city, claimed 15 lives after last week's disputed presidential election, far more than the official toll provided by the government.
    (AFP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, Grenada’s PM Tillman Thomas said Grenada has sold some 100 Venezuelan-built houses at a deep discount to people left homeless by Hurricane Ivan in 2004. Venezuela financed the construction of 120 homes. They were finished three years ago, but electrical inspections delayed their sale. Valued at $92,000 each, the structures were sold for only $2,000, to help cover the cost of the land title transfer. The government selected mostly single mothers who were renting or living with relatives. The unsold structures were planned to be used as shelters for victims of domestic violence and sexual abuse.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, In Iraq a car bomb exploded outside a house in the flash point city of Kirkuk, killing eight people inside the building and wounding one. US-backed Iraqi soldiers raided a home in southeastern Baghdad before dawn, killing two men inside and arresting an Iraqi soldier from an intelligence unit. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi patrol in the Abu Ghraib district, killing one soldier and injuring two others. An Iraqi army colonel was killed by a bomb attached to his car in the insurgent stronghold of Mosul.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, In Jamaica John A. Terry (65), Britain’s honorary consul in Montego Bay, was found strangled in bed with a note denouncing him as a homosexual.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.49)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Sep 9, Conservationists said poaching and drought-related hunger have killed more than 100 of Kenya's famous elephants in the north of the country so far this year. Around 23,000 elephants live in Kenya but populations can be devastated by poaching within a couple of years. A recent survey in Chad showed its elephant population had declined from 3,800 to just over 600 in the past three years.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, A Malaysian government report said indigenous tribal girls have been sexually abused by loggers in remote jungles on Borneo island, in the first official verification of rape accusations involving timber companies.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, In Mexico a Bolivian-born man, clutching a Bible and claiming a divine mission, hijacked a plane with more than 100 people aboard after takeoff from Cancun. The incident ended quickly and without bloodshed when police arrested Jose Flores (44) in Mexico City. Police in Morelia said that they had seized eight counterfeit police and rescue vehicles including an intensive care ambulance with official-looking logos and paint jobs. The vehicles belonged to gang members who planned to use them to conduct illegal activities. In 2011 Josmar Flores was sentenced to seven years, seven months and 15 days in prison.
    (Reuters, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 5/19/11)
2009        Sep 9, Salvadoran authorities said they had arrested 4 alleged Mara 18 gang members and a police officer in the Sep 2 slaying of French documentary filmmaker Christian Poveda. The arrested officer was identified as Jose Napoleon Espinoza, an agent assigned to the 911 emergency phone system in Soyapango outside the capital, San Salvador.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 9, In Sierra Leone at least 221 people, including many schoolchildren returning from holidays, remained missing a day after the wooden Teh Teh ferry capsized at sea. 39 people survived. 30 bodies were recovered and all the missing were feared dead.
    (AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 9, The Dalai Lama received Slovakia's Jan Langos award for his promotion of human rights and his leadership in the nonviolent campaign by Tibetans seeking autonomy from China. The Jan Langos Foundation gives its award to "an outstanding figure of the local defiance against oppressed regimes and their security services" and to civil servants and politicians who "endeavor for human dignity and freedom."
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, A Somali Islamic court cut off the hands of two men accused of theft and lashed another accused of rape.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, In South Korea performers from around the world have gathered on the South Korean island of Jeju for this week's international Delphic Games, popularly known as the "Culture Olympics." The first Delphic Games of the modern era were held in Russia in 2000 and the second in Malaysia in 2005.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, Spain’s PM Rodriguez Zapatero told Parliament the 2010 budget would aim to raise overall taxes by 1.5% of GDP in order to help meet demands of the most needy. Unemployment, the worst in Europe, had reached 18% and was still climbing.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.58)
2009        Sep 9, Thailand's national police chief resigned after being transferred to an inactive post in the wake of an official recommendation that he be prosecuted for his role in a deadly crackdown against anti-government protesters last year.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, A teacher (29) in Bangkok, Thailand, was captured on film beating a student (14) and bashing his head against a blackboard. The 50-second clip, filmed by a classmate using a mobile phone, was broadcast Sep 21 on a nationally televised morning news program, sparking national outrage and pledges from education officials to crack down on corporal punishment in classrooms.
    (AP, 9/22/09)
2009        Sep 9, In Turkey flash floods roared across a major highway and a commercial district in Istanbul, killing at least 32 people and forcing dozens to scramble onto the roofs of cars and trucks. Some of the dead drowned inside their vehicles.
    (Reuters, 9/9/09)(AFP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 9, A Uganda army spokesman said government forces have rescued 100 kidnapped children and young adults during an operation against the Lord’s Resistance Army rebel group in neighboring Central African Republic.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 9, Uruguay’s Senate gave final approval for gay and lesbian couples to adopt children, making it the first country in Latin America to do so. The executive branch will decide when the law takes effect.
    (SFC, 9/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Sep 9, In Yemen 17 rebels were killed in an air strike, according to a government statement, which said they were caught sneaking through the mountains near Saada. Four men survived the attack and were in custody.
    (AP, 9/10/09)

2010        Sep 9, President Barack Obama exhorted Rev. Terry Jones, a Florida minister, to "listen to those better angels" and call off his plan to engage in a Quran-burning protest this weekend. The Rev. Terry Jones from the Dove Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida, said he has decided to hold off a burning of the Koran on the anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. Jones said he won't follow through with the burning if he's able to meet on Sep 11 with the organizers behind a mosque planned near ground zero in New York.
    (AP, 9/9/10)(AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 9, A US federal judge in southern California ruled that the US military’s ban on openly gay service members is unconstitutional under the First Amendment. Judge Virginia Phillips ruled for the plaintiffs, a group of gay activists know as the Log Cabin Republicans.
    (SFC, 9/9/10, p.A9)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.40)
2010        Sep 9, A massive explosion, apparently triggered by a broken gas line, sent flames roaring through San Bruno, a neighborhood near San Francisco, Ca., destroying 37 homes and badly damaged 8 others. At least 7 people were killed and over 50 injured. On Sep 27 the death toll rose to 8 as another victim died of injuries from the blast.
    (AP, 9/10/10)(SFC, 9/10/10, p.A1)(SFC, 9/11/10, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/12/10, p.A1)(SFC, 9/23/10, p.C5)(SFC, 9/29/10, p.C4)
2010        Sep 9, In Pennsylvania Kraft worker Yvonne Hiller of northeast Philadelphia shot and killed two co-workers after she was suspended from a Kraft Foods plant.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 9, An Afghan insurgent commander, who was allegedly planning bombings in Kabul on the eve of the Sept. 18 parliamentary elections, and two of his associates were killed in a NATO airstrike. Intelligence sources had tracked Nur Mohammed and two armed militants to a field in the remote Musahi district of Kabul province.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 9, Bangladesh's high court banned the lease of coastal land to ship-breaking yards, in a ruling welcomed by environmentalists who say the industry destroys fragile eco-systems. Dismantling old ships is a major industry in Bangladesh, providing more than two-thirds of domestic steel and creating tens of thousands of jobs.
    (AFP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 9, The Belgium government said that an investigation into sexual abuse in the Catholic Church can continue even though a June 24 raid on the archdiocese has been ruled illegal. The next day the commission looking into sexual abuse by Catholic clergy said it had received testimony from hundreds of victims and that witnesses’ widespread abuse over decades had led to at least 13 suicides.
    (AP, 9/9/10)(AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 9, British legislators authorized a sweeping inquiry into illicit snooping on politicians and celebrities by tabloids, as one lawmaker called for media tycoon Rupert Murdoch to testify over allegations one of his newspapers illegally hacked into cell phones.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 9, In China Chen Guangcheng (39), a blind, self-taught activist lawyer, was released from prison and promptly confined in his rural village with limited access to communication. He had documented forced abortions and other abuses.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 9, In Egypt 11 police recruits died and another four were injured when flames engulfed their barracks in a Cairo suburb.
    (AFP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 9, The European Parliament called on France to suspend its expulsion of gypsies. The rare criticism of an EU state was backed by 337 lawmakers meeting in Strasbourg, France, with 245 opposed and 51 abstentions. To date France had deported 8,000 people to Romania and Bulgaria this year alone.
    (AP, 9/9/10)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.73)
2010        Sep 9, In Guinea 2 senior voting officials were charged with vote tampering and sentenced to one year in prison a week before a crucial presidential vote. Not even their lawyers were informed of the court proceeding.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 9, An Iranian opposition group claimed to have discovered a new uranium enrichment plant being built about 75 miles (120 km) west of Tehran and said it was 85 percent complete. The head of Iran's nuclear agency, Ali Akbar Salehi, said the country has no undeclared nuclear sites. A US government official also disputed the claim by the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran, saying the site did not appear to have a nuclear role.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 9, In Mexico gunmen killed 25 people in a series of drug-gang attacks in Ciudad Juarez, marking the deadliest day in more than two years for the Mexican border city.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 9, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed 10 people and wounded four in a tribal region on the Afghan border. A suicide bomber detonated himself inside the house of a government minister in the Pakistan's southwestern city of Quetta, killing three people. A suspected American missile strike killed five alleged militants in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 9, In Russia's North Caucasus a suicide car bomber hit the Vladikavkaz central market, North Ossetia, killing 19 people and wounding more than 130 people in one of the worst attacks in the volatile region in years. On Oct 12 Federal Security Service chief Alexander Bortnikov said 3 organizers were arrested in late September in Ingushetia. He said two other suspects were killed by security forces.
    (AP, 9/9/10)(Reuters, 9/10/10)(AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Sep 9, In Somalia at least 2 African Union troops, 3 civilians and 5 attackers were killed in a suicide raid on Mogadishu airport. Al-Shabab claimed responsibility and said the attack was aimed at a high-level meeting of UN, African Union and Somali officials at the airport.
    (AFP, 9/9/10)(AP, 10/6/11)
2010        Sep 9, South Africa released new statistics indicating that its murder rate, one of the highest in the world, has dropped by 8.6 percent to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 9, Spain gave final approval to labor market reforms designed to shake up a listless economy and help slash a bloated deficit that has prompted European-wide worries of another Greek-style debt crisis.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 9, A senior southern Sudan official said northern Sudan has resolved an angry dispute with the south by returning the payment of crucial oil revenues to hard currency.
    (AFP, 9/9/10)

2011        Sep 9, Anglo Dutch Shell announced that it had discovered oil in deep waters around 150 km (90 miles) off the coast of French Guiana following a joint venture drilling project with venture energy partners Total, Tullow and Northpet.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, The British government said it would ban lawyers paying fees to people who refer accident victims to them, earning plaudits from insurers that say the practice has encouraged spurious claims and forced them to charge customers more.
    (Reuters, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, A British judge sentenced Munir Farooqi (54), a former Taliban fighter, to life in prison for trying to recruit holy warriors for jihad in Afghanistan. Farooqi was arrested in a counterterrorism operation on Nov. 16, 2009 along with his 27-year-old son, Harris, and two other men Matthew Newton and Israr Malik. Farooqi's son was acquitted on one terror charge, while Newton was jailed for six years and Malik given an "Indeterminate Sentence for Public Protection," and told he must serve a minimum of five years before parole is considered.
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, China’s state news reported that over 14 million people were short of drinking water due to drought in the southwest. Large tracts of farmland were reported damaged.
    (SFC, 9/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 9, In southern China 12 people, including 9 schoolchildren, died when a ferry carrying 50 people capsized in a river in Shaoyang city, Hunan province. The ferry, designed to carry 14, sank after it cut across dredging cables that appeared to then become wrapped around its propeller.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Egypt thousands demonstrated in Cairo's Tahrir Square against the pace of reform under the country's military rulers. Smaller crowds demonstrated in other Egyptian cities. Hundreds of protesters tore down a concrete security wall that authorities had recently erected outside the Israel embassy building. Young men battered the wall with sledgehammers, ripping off chunks with their bare hands. Protesters were able to get to the top of the building and pull down the Israeli flag, which they replaced with the Egyptian flag.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Indonesia the colorful 137-page comic "I Found the Meaning of Jihad," began appearing in bookstores authored by former al-Qaida-linked militant Nasir Abas (42).
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Kenya thieves broke into the offices of a Kenyan investigative magazine, the Nairobi Law Monthly, and stole computers containing information about government corruption.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Libya revolutionary forces battled loyalists near the Gadhafi hometown of Sirte, but withdrew after heavy casualties. Gadhafi holdouts fired mortars and rockets from Bani Walid. Interpol said it has issued its top most-wanted alert for the arrest of Gadhafi, his son Seif al-Islam and the country's ex-chief of military intelligence, all sought by the International Criminal Court for alleged crimes against humanity. Niger Justice Minister Amadou Morou said that the Libyan chief of staff of the air force, his pilot and the commanders of two Libyan military regions have arrived in Niger.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, Malaysia’s Environment Minister Douglas Uggah Embas sent a letter to his Indonesian counterpart about hundreds of suspected fires on Sumatra island.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, The Mexican navy captured 13 gunmen in Veracruz, including a suspect in the killing of a marine. They were said to be members of the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 9, Mexico's state oil company said it was searching for 10 workers from a Texas-based company who evacuated from a platform in the Gulf of Mexico ahead of Tropical Storm Nate. On Sep 11 seven of the 10 oil workers were found alive 51 miles (82 km) off the coast of the gulf state of Campeche.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 9, Niger forces arrested Colonel Abdoulaye Badie, the former number two in the junta that relinquished power in April. Senior military officer, Hamadou Djibo, was arrested two days later. The arrests were connected with a pamphlet which criticizes the way the army is run and has been recently circulating in Niamey.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Nigeria 13 people are thought to have been killed in overnight attacks near Jos, a city beset by ethnic and religious slayings.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Sierra Leone violence broke out in the second largest city Bo when people pelted Julius Maada Bio of the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), the main opposition presidential candidate with stones, hitting him on the head.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, A South African court jailed Robert McBride, a former city police chief and anti-apartheid militant, for five years over a drunken car crash that he tried to cover up.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, Swazi police fired teargas and beat back anti-government protesters with batons in the capital Mbabane, where 1,000 people marched for a 5th day after authorities failed to win a court order to stop them.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, Syria's opposition leaders said they expected more support from Russia after the Russian upper house of parliament's foreign affairs chief Mikhail Margelov met a visiting Syrian delegation that included National Organization for Human Rights in Syria head Ammar Qurabi. Syrian protesters appealed for int’l. help calling for observation missions and human rights monitors to help deter attacks on civilians
    (AFP, 9/9/11)(SFC, 9/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 9, In northern Thailand 8 people were killed and two were missing after a mudslide engulfed several villages in the mountainous region of Uttaradit province.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)

2012        Sep 9, In Michigan businessman Ricky Coley (50) shot and killed Officer Pat O’Rourke in West Bloomfield Township. Coley shot and killed himself following a 20 hour standoff.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)
2012        Sep 9, In Carrolton, Texas, Franklin Davis (30) was charged with murder after confessing to the death of Shania Gray (16). Police believe he killed her to prevent her testimony at an upcoming sexual assault trial.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 9, In western Afghanistan two bomb blasts near the governor's compound in Farah province killed a 12-year-old boy and wounded 16 other civilians. A NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In England a man fell to the ground in the Mortlake neighborhood of West London when a jet passing overhead lowered its landing gear as it neared the runway at Heathrow Airport. The apparent stowaway had no identification papers, just some currency from Angola. The man was later identified as Jose Matada of Mozambique.
    (AP, 12/10/12)(SFC, 4/12/13, p.A2)
2012        Sep 9, In Cuba an evening blackout cut the lights in much of western Cuba, including the capital Havana. Power was restored by the next day.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Egypt about 150 tour guides demonstrated outside Cairo's famed Egyptian Museum. They said the lack of security and increased lawlessness, which has plagued much of Egypt following the toppling of Mubarak, has exposed them to attacks from vendors and competitors and further complicates attempts to lure tourists back.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, France's richest man, Bernard Arnault, the CEO of luxury giant LVMH, confirmed reports that he is seeking Belgian citizenship.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, In India Verghese Kurien (90), father of India’s National Dairy Development Board, died. He had revolutionized milk production in India.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.106)
2012        Sep 9, In Iraq insurgents killed at least 92 people in a wave of bombings and attacks against Iraqi security forces, gunning down soldiers at an army post and bombing police recruits waiting in line to apply for jobs.
    (AP, 9/9/12)(AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, Iraq's fugitive Sunni vice president Tariq al-Hashemi was sentenced to death after a Baghdad court found him guilty of masterminding the killings of a lawyer and a government security official.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Japan tens of thousands of people rallied against US plans to deploy 12 MV-22 Osprey aircraft on Okinawa.
    (SFC, 9/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 9, In Mali 16 preachers from a moderate Muslim sect were killed at a checkpoint in the central town of Diabaly after reportedly being mistaken for Islamic extremists. The preachers, many of whom were Mauritanian, were traveling by road to Bamako to attend a religious conference.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Mali Nabil Makhloufi, leader of al-Qaida's North African branch (AQIM) known by his alias Nabil Alqama, was killed in the accident near the city of Gao.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, Dozens of Palestinian truck drivers blocked the main streets of the West Bank city of Ramallah to protest rising prices.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Vladivostok, Russia, Pacific Rim leaders pledged to fend off the deepening damage from the European crisis and revive flagging growth in the region by supporting open trade, reforming their economies and strengthening public finances as the 21-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum wrapped up an annual summit.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Syria a blast ripped through the northern city of Aleppo killing at least 30 people. State-run SANA news blamed terrorists and members of the military were reported among the dead.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2013        Sep 9, The US Lasker Awards were announced. Richard Scheller and Thomas Sudhof won the basic medical research category for their research on how neurons communicate with one another. They will split the $250,000 prize.
    (SFC, 9/10/13, p.C1)
2013        Sep 9, In California the SF Bay Area Morgan Fire on Mount Diablo expanded to 3,700 acres.
    (SFC, 9/10/13, p.A1)
2013        Sep 9, Saul Landau (77), a SF Bay Area documentary filmmaker and author, died at his home in Alameda. He made over 40 films, mostly public TV specials.
    (SFC, 9/12/13, p.D7)
2013        Sep 9, In Florida Rebecca Ann Sedwick (12) jumped to her death at a former cement business in Lakeland. Investigators said she was despondent after others posted hate messages to her online. On Oct 15 police said two girls of Crystal Lake Middle School, ages 12 and 14, have been arrested for bullying Sedwick. On Nov 20 prosecutors dropped charges of aggravated stalking against the two girls. 
    (SFC, 9/13/13, p.A8)(SFC, 10/16/13, p.A12)(SFC, 11/22/13, p.A8)
2013        Sep 9, In Hawaii a pipe used to load molasses from storage tanks to ships leaked and caused some 1,400 tons to ooze into Honolulu waters. Hundreds of fish were reported killed and more were expected to die. Matson Navigation repaired the pipe and leaking stopped Sep 10.
    (SFC, 9/13/13, p.A10)
2013        Sep 9, The CAR presidency said at least 60 people have been killed in the last two days in fighting between the new Central African Republic president's forces and those loyal to ousted leader Francois Bozize.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, Chilean press reported that the US has spied on communications from Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela and Uruguay from the island of Ascension according to documents leaked by Edward Snowden.
    (SSFC, 9/15/13, p.A6)
2013        Sep 9, China charged well-known businesswoman Ding Shumiao (58), who has ties to a disgraced former railways minister, with bribery and illegal business activities.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, China unveiled tough measures to stop the spread of what the government calls irresponsible rumors, threatening three years in jail if untrue posts online are widely reposted, drawing an angry response from Chinese internet users.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, In southern China an explosion outside a primary school in Guilin, in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, killed two people and injured 44 others, most of them schoolchildren. The blast occurred as a man riding a motorcycle passed the school gate while children were arriving for classes.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, In the Republic of Congo a court convicted and sentenced six people for contributing to an arms depot fire, which set off a deadly string of explosions in 2012, killing close to 300 people.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 9, Egyptian army troops, backed by helicopter gunships, attacked hideouts of Islamic militants in Sinai, killing nine and arresting 10.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 9, In France four men rammed their car into an upmarket jewellery store in central Paris, smashing the shop window and making off with a two-million-euro ($2.6-million) booty.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, In Guatemala at least 44 people were killed and dozens injured when a bus went off a cliff on a hairpin bend, tumbling some 200 meters (660 feet) into a river at the bottom of a ravine near San Martin Jilotepeque.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)(SFC, 9/10/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 9, In Iran 44 people were killed and 39 injured when two passenger buses collided outside Tehran and caught fire.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 9, In Iraq twin bombings near an oil refinery north of Baghdad were among a series of attacks that killed 8 people.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, Kosovo officials said they have banned the import of all products from neighboring Macedonia, in a tit-for-tat trade dispute that could cost Macedonian producers one of their most lucrative markets. A day earlier Skopje said it would impose fees on all Kosovo citizens entering Macedonia.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, Kurdish rebels announced they are suspending their withdrawal from Turkey into bases in northern Iraq over what they say is the Turkish government's failure to advance peace talks aimed at ending a nearly 30-year-old conflict.
    (AP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, Norwegian voters cast ballots in a parliamentary election. A strong showing was expected for the anti-immigration Progress Party. Erna Solberg (52) led her Conservative Party to victory alongside three other center-right parties, putting an end to eight years of center-left rule.
    (AP, 9/9/13)(AFP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 9, In Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain was sworn in as the new president as political leaders, gathered at a conference led by PM Nawaz Sharif, agreed to negotiate with militant groups in the lawless tribal areas.
    (SFC, 9/10/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 9, In northwestern Pakistan militants beheaded 3 members of an anti-Taliban militia and kidnapped three others.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 9, In the southern Philippines rogue Muslim rebels launched an audacious assault on Zamboanga City, taking control of several villages and shutting down the major port in the biggest challenge to a peace deal signed by the government last year.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, Poland's conservative opposition Law and Justice Party won a parliamentary by-election with an increased margin, delivering a fresh blow to PM Donald Tusk's government.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, A senior Russian diplomat in Georgia's Moscow-backed breakaway Abkhazia region was shot dead by an unidentified gunman.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, The Moscow Election Commission said that former Kremlin chief of staff Sergei Sobyanin got just over 51% of the vote while Alexei Navalny garnered 27% in second place. Navalny demanded a recount.
    (AP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, In South Africa a strike by petrol station attendants got off to a slow start despite their union calling for them to join a wave of stoppages over wages sweeping the country.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, The Syrian government accepted a Russian proposal to put its chemical weapons under international control to avoid a possible US military strike.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 9, Syrian troops launched an attack on hills overlooking a Christian-majority village near Damascus as fighting in and around Maaloula entered its sixth day.
    (AP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, Tunisian police arrested a senior leader from a banned Islamist group and killed two other militants during a raid near Tunis.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 9, In central Turkey Japanese tourist Mai Kurkiharac (22) was stabbed to death and her friend seriously wounded in an attack in Cappadocia.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 9, Yemen tribal sources and an official said at least 42 people have been killed in 10 days of clashes Sunni Islamists and Shiite rebels.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)

2014        Sep 9, In Alabama the bodies of five children aged between 1 and 8 were found stuffed into garbage bags near a logging road after their father, Timothy Ray Jones (32), confessed to killing them and led police to the scene. Jones had been stopped at a sobriety checkpoint on Sep 6 in Mississippi. The children were last seen on Aug 28 and reported missing from their home near Lexington, SC, by their mother on Sept. 3.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)(SFC, 9/11/14, p.A12)
2014        Sep 9, In Miami, Fla., Jose Padilla, convicted in 2007 of supporting al-Qaida and terrorism conspiracy, was given a new sentence of 21 years after a federal appeals court ruled that his original 17-year sentence was too lenient.
    (SFC, 9/10/14, p.A6)
2014        Sep 9, Apple unveiled a $349 watch, two larger iPhones and the mobile payments service Apple Pay. Apple Inc will reportedly charge fees from banks every time consumers use their iPhone to make purchases, a move that will give the company a cut of the growing mobile payments market.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)(Econ, 9/13/14, p.73)
2014        Sep 9, In eastern Afghanistan a US air strike in in the Narang district of Kunar province killed 14 people, including 2 children and 2 women.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 9, The Invisible Children organization said more than 70 women and children, abducted by the Lord’s Resistance Army, have been freed over the past month. 12 of the abductees managed to escape following recent clashes in CongoDRC between rebels and security forces.
    (SFC, 9/10/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 9, Communist Cuba accused the United States' economic embargo on Havana of costing it $116 billion in economic losses over five decades.
    (AFP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed El-Beltagy, a leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and Safwat Hegazy, an Islamist cleric, to 20 years in prison for attempting to kill two policemen.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, French carmaker Renault said it has signed a deal with conglomerate Bollore to build a three-seater version of the four-seater Bluecar electric vehicle used in Bollore's 'Autolib' self-service auto hire scheme in France. Until now, Bollore's Bluecars were all built in Italy under a joint venture with its designer Pininfarina.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, Hong Kong democracy activists shaved their heads in a symbolic act of protest against China's increased political control over the city.
    (AFP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, The Israeli navy arrested four Palestinian fishermen and seized their boat. The Israeli military said the two vessels involved were operating outside of their permitted maritime limit.
    (AP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, Japan released a 12,000-page history of Emperor Hirohito (d.1989). His 62-year reign spanned Japan’s invasion of much of Asia and its post WWII recosntruction. 
    (SFC, 9/10/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 9, The death toll from the heaviest rain to fall on Kashmir in 50 years rose to at least 420, including 217 on India’s side and 213 on the Pakistani side.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, In Libya 5 soldiers were killed and seven others wounded when Islamist fighters belonging to a group called Majlis al-Shoura attacked an army checkpoint in Benghazi. 25 soldiers were reported missing and likely kidnapped by Islamists at checkpoints in Benghazi.
    (Reuters, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 9, In Pakistan at least 9 worshippers were killed when the roof of a mosque collapsed in the eastern city of Lahore and an unknown number are still buried under rubble.
    (AFP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, In Spain banking magnate Emilio Botin (79) died of a heart attack. He built the country's Banco Santander into a global financial giant and was widely seen as the nation's most influential business leader.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 9, In northwest Syria a blast hit a meeting of Islamist insurgent group Ahrar al-Sham in Idlib province. Hassan Aboud, the group's leader, was among 47 top members killed.
    (Reuters, 9/10/14)(AFP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 9, Ukraine said it was drafting a list of food and other products it plans to ban from Russia in retaliation for Moscow's own painful and politically-charged restrictions.
    (AFP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, Venezuela's Central Bank announced that the country’s inflation rate has soared to 63.4% -- the highest in Latin America.
    (AFP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, The World Health Organization (WHO) said the death toll from the worst Ebola outbreak in history has jumped by almost 200 in a single day to at least 2,296 and is already likely to be higher than that.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 9, Yemeni police shot dead 7 Shiite rebel activists in Sanaa who were attempting to storm the government headquarters in an escalation of demonstrations. Al-Qaida militants detonated a car bomb at an army checkpoint in the eastern Hadramawt province, setting off a firefight in which 3 soldiers and 10 militants were killed
    (AFP, 9/9/14)(Reuters, 9/9/14)

2015        Sep 9, Australia’s PM Tony Abbott said his country would take an additional 12,000 refugees from Iraq and Syria and would join in an air campaign against the Islamic State.
    (SFC, 9/10/15, p.A2)
2015        Sep 9, Grenade attacks in Central African Republic's Bangui killed at least 2 people in a rare incident of violence in the capital.
    (Reuters, 9/10/15)
2015        Sep 9, In China Hu Qinggang (43), apparently upset with a court verdict, stabbed four judges with a knife smuggled into a courthouse in Shiyan city, Hubei province.
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, EU leader Jean-Claude Juncker proposed a plan to distribute 160,000 people throughout the member nations, even while acknowledging that the plan was inadequate to the depth of the crisis.
    (SFC, 9/10/15, p.A2)
2015        Sep 9, A German court issued an injunction ordering a halt to a strike by pilots at Lufthansa, that caused the cancelation of 1,000 flights affecting 140,000 travelers.
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, All train services were halted between Germany and Denmark after Danish police stopped hundreds of migrants arriving by train across the border.
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, Guinea-Bissau's PM Baciro Dja announced his resignation, just two days after his government was sworn in, plunging the chronically unstable African nation deeper into a simmering political crisis. His decision came after the country's Supreme Court declared that his unpopular appointment by President Jose Mario Vaz by presidential decree just weeks earlier had violated the constitution.
    (AFP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, Police in India investigated complaints from two Nepalese women that a Saudi Arabian diplomat raped them repeatedly and confined them in his home near New Delhi. He claimed diplomatic immunity, and the Saudi embassy in a statement denied all the allegations.
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, A top Indian Muslim leader said more than 1,000 Muslim clerics in India have ratified a religious ruing that condemns the Islamic State and calls the extremist group's actions "un-Islamic".
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, Indonesia made it easier for foreigners to open bank accounts, struck down import restrictions on some goods, and eliminated some onerous business regulations.
    (Econ, 10/17/15, p.79)
2015        Sep 9, Israel outlawed "Mourabitoon" and "Mourabitaat," two grassroots Palestinian Islamist groups involved in vocal protests at the flashpoint al Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem against stepped-up visits by religious Jews.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, Lebanese demonstrators returned to the streets to protest government dysfunction as politicians failed to make progress in the first round of talks to resolve a trash crisis and address other longstanding problems.
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, In southern Nepal police opened fire on protesters demanding statehood, killing at least 4 people in two towns.
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, In Pakistan gunmen shot dead journalist Aftab Alam in Karachi, less than 24 hours after a technician working for the country's most popular news channel was killed in a similar attack.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, Puerto Rico's government released a long-awaited fiscal reform plan on that would reduce much of the island's $72 billion public debt and calls for restructuring the remainder at the expense of bondholders. Gov. Garcia Padilla’s plan put the island’s cash shortfall at $28 billion in 2016-2020.
    (AP, 9/9/15)(Econ, 9/12/15, p.69)
2015        Sep 9, Russia’s Foreign Ministry confirmed that Russian military advisers were in Syria as part of a long-standing agreement to provide military aid to the government.
    (SFC, 9/10/15, p.A3)
2015        Sep 9, The Syrian army withdrew completely from Idlib province after insurgents captured the Abu al-Duhur military airport there. In eastern Syria jihadists of the Islamic State group edged closer to the regime-held military airbase outside Deir Ezzor in heavy clashes that killed 36 IS fighters. 56 soldiers either died in combat or were killed afterwards by the insurgents. A coalition air raid west of Raqqa reportedly killed as many as 20 civilians drafted to dig trenches for the jihadists. On Sep 19 the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a total of 71 members of government forces had been executed at Abu al-Duhur air base since its capture.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)(AFP, 9/10/15)(Reuters, 9/10/15)(Reuters, 9/19/15)(Econ, 9/12/15, p.44)
2015        Sep 9, A Syrian military official said Russian military experts have expanded their presence in Syria over the last year. US officials said Russia has sent two tank landing ships and additional aircraft to Syria in the past day or so and has deployed a small number of naval infantry forces. Germany's foreign minister warned Russia against increased military intervention in Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, In Yemen warplanes of the Saudi-led coalition bombed Shiite Huthi rebel positions in Sanaa, stepping up attacks in the wake of a deadly missile strike on its troops.
    (AFP, 9/9/15)

2016        Sep 9, The US Congress sent Pres. Obama a bipartisan bill that would allow families of Sept. 11 victims to sue the government of Saudi Arabia. The White House has signaled that Obama would veto the legislation over the potential for it to undermine relations with the critical US ally.
    (SFC, 9/10/16, p.A7)
2016        Sep 9, In Manhattan a father-son team of informants testified that they repeatedly lied to US investigators in order to secretly traffic drugs, even while they were working on a narcotics probe of two nephews of Venezuela's first lady. The Mexican-born 34-year-old son, referred to only as CS-2, said he has earned $400,000 as an informant. The 55-year-old father, called CS-1, said he has earned about $1 million since 2003. The nephews of Venezuela's first lady were arrested in November 2015 and were fighting US charges that they worked with others to try to send 800 kg of cocaine from Venezuela to Honduras for importation into the United States.
    (Reuters, 9/9/16)
2016        Sep 9, In Argentina former intelligence agent Francisco Gomez was sentenced to 12 years in prison for crimes against humanity. In 1978 Gomez kidnapped newborn Guillermo Perez and raised him as his own while the boy’s parents languished in jail. Former Air Force chief Omar Graffigna and ex-Buenos Aires province intelligence chief Louis Tomas Trillo were sentenced to 25 years in prison for the 1978 abduction and forced disappearance of the parents.
    (SSFC, 9/11/16, p.A7)
2016        Sep 9, Cambodian opposition leader Kem Sokha was sentenced to five months in jail in the latest faceoff between the government and opposition as political tensions over challenges to PM Hun Sen's longstanding autocratic rule show no signs of easing.
    (AP, 9/9/16)
2016        Sep 9, The UN said its peacekeeping force in Congo has evacuated some 300 supporters of South Sudan's opposition leader Riek Machar, many of whom were wounded, acutely malnourished or in life-threatening condition.
    (AP, 9/9/16)
2016        Sep 9, The head of Iran's Hajj Organization accused Saudi Arabia of deliberately barring Iranians from the pilgrimage and refusing to discuss security measures despite last year's deadly stampede. Thousands protested in Tehran for being barred from the annual hajj pilgrimage.
    (AFP, 9/9/16)
2016        Sep 9, In Iraq a camp housing members of an Iranian opposition group was officially closed after the last 280 residents were flown to Albania. The Mujahedeen-e-Khalq had been based in Iraq since the 1980s, when they received arms and support from Saddam Hussein during the Iran-Iraq war.
    (AP, 9/10/16)
2016        Sep 9, In Iraq two bomb blasts, claimed by the Islamic State group, hit just before midnight outside a shopping mall in central Baghdad killing at least 13 people.
    (AFP, 9/10/16)
2016        Sep 9, The Dutch government says it is extending its involvement in a military training mission in Iraq until the end of 2017.
    (AP, 9/9/16)
2016        Sep 9, North Korea conducted its 5th nuclear test with an explosive yield roughly twice the previous one. North Korea said it conducted a "higher level" nuclear test explosion that will allow it to finally build an array of stronger, smaller and lighter nuclear weapons. It was the North's fifth atomic test and the second in eight months.
    (AP, 9/9/16)(Econ, 9/17/16, p.38)   
2016        Sep 9, Palestinian Abdel-Rahman Al-Dabbagh (18) was killed during a rock-throwing protest near the Gaza-Israel border A Palestinian health official said Israeli soldiers shot him, but the Israeli army said troops were not responsible.
    (Reuters, 9/10/16)
2016        Sep 9, Philippine Pres. Rodrigo Duterte gave Indonesian forces the right to pursue pirates into Philippine waters saying: “blow them up."
    (SFC, 9/10/16, p.A2)

2017        Sep 9, In southern California the members of the Polish band Decapitated were arrested early today in Santa Ana, on suspicion of kidnapping a woman after their Aug. 31 concert in Spokane. The band, founded in Poland in 1996, has won critical acclaim for its albums among fans of death metal.
    (AP, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, Thousands gathered in central London to protest Britain's plans to withdraw from the European Union. Organizers called the People's March for Europe is to "unite, rethink and reject" Brexit.
    (AP, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, Hurricane Irma weakened slightly to a Category 4 storm early today after making landfall in Cuba with maximum-strength Category 5 winds. Irma ripped roofs off houses, collapsed buildings and flooded hundreds of miles of coastline as it raked Cuba after cutting a trail of destruction across the Caribbean leaving 22 dead.
    (AFP, 9/9/17)(AP, 9/10/17)
2017        Sep 9, A French public reinsurance body said the cost of Hurricane Irma, described as one of the most powerful Atlantic storms in a century, is at least 1.2 billion euros ($1.44 billion) in Saint Martin and Saint Barthelemy. 10 people had been reported dead on the two islands.
    (Reuters, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, Gabon's government said opposition leaders, including former African Union chief Jean Ping (74), are free to travel again, nearly a week after being banned from leaving the country.
    (AFP, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, The Iraqi air force and the US-led coalition stepped up a campaign of airstrikes on the Islamic State group-held town of Hawija ahead of a planned ground assault there.
    (AP, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, In northwestern Myanmar several more villages were burned down in an area where many Rohingya Muslims had been sheltering from violence in the ethnically mixed Rathedaung region.
    (Reuters, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, North Korea's state media marked the nation's founding anniversary with calls for a nuclear arms buildup, in defiance of mounting international sanctions.
    (AFP, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, Palestinian Christians protested against the Greek Orthodox patriarch in Jerusalem's Old City, demanding the resignation of Theophilos III for allegedly selling church land to Israelis.
    (AP, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, The Syrian army and its allies reached an air base besieged for years by Islamic State militants on the outskirts of the eastern city of Deir al-Zor and recaptured an oilfield near the city . US-backed Syrian fighters launched an offensive against the IS group in eastern Syria along the border with Iraq, bringing them into a race with government forces marching in the same direction.
    (Reuters, 9/9/17)(AP, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 9, Turkey said its security forces have killed 99 Kurdish militants, including a high-ranking one, in operations in the southeast over the last two weeks.
    (Reuters, 9/9/17)

2018        Sep 9, In Michigan three young men were shot to death in a White Castle on Detroit's west side.
    (SFC, 9/10/18, p.A5)
2018        Sep 9, In North Carolina police in Greenville, responding to a reported fight in an alleyway, shot dead a gunman who was firing into a crowd of people early today.
    (SFC, 9/10/18, p.A5)
2018        Sep 9, Leslie Moonves, longtime chief executive of CBS Corp., stepped down following new sexual harassment allegations against him.
    (SFC, 9/10/18, p.A5)
2018        Sep 9, In Afghanistan at least seven people were killed and 25 wounded when a suicide bomber on a motorcycle detonated explosives near a procession in Kabul commemorating the death of former anti-Soviet mujahideen commander Ahmad Shah Massoud. Another suicide attacker was shot dead earlier today by police in Kabul before he could detonate his explosives. Taliban insurgents captured the Mangalha army base in northern Baghlan province killing at least 22 and as many as 40 security force members.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)(AP, 9/9/18)(SFC, 9/10/18, p.A3)
2018        Sep 9, Australian police found up to five dead people including a woman and children in a suburb of the western city of Perth. In 2019 Robert Harvey (25) pleaded guilty to murdering his three children, wife and mother-in-law in Perth.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)(AP, 4/24/19)
2018        Sep 9, Bangladesh's PM Sheikh Hasina urged the global community, including the Islamic Development Bank (IDB), to increase pressure on Myanmar to ensure the repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who have fled a military crackdown.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, In Cameroon armed Anglophone separatists burned buses and blocked traffic into and out of the capital of the English-speaking northwest region.
    (AP, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, In Egypt two security officers were killed and four others injured when an armored vehicle exploded late today in the border town of Sheikh Zuweid.
    (Reuters, 9/10/18)
2018        Sep 9, In Germany a 22-year-old German man died overnight in the eastern town of Koethen and two Afghans were detained on suspicion of killing him.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, German pop singer Daniel Kueblboeck (33) went missing at sea after going overboard from the cruise ship AIDAluna off the coast of Canada.
    (AP, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, In India five men asphyxiated by toxic fumes while cleaning a septic tank at a housing complex in New Delhi. Four men were declared dead on arrival at a nearby hospital, and the fifth man died at the hospital the next day.
    (AP, 9/10/18)
2018        Sep 9, Japan's agriculture ministry said it had confirmed the country's first outbreak of swine fever in 26 years and suspended exports of pork and wild boar meat. The fever, a different kind from the African swine fever that has broken out in China, was found in a farm in central Japan's Gifu city.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, Japanese authorities said the death toll has hit 39 from the September 6 earthquake that struck the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.
    (AP, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, Kosovo Albanians blocked roads and burned tires on a planned route by Serbia's President Aleksandar Vucic in the former Serbian province, further fueling tensions between the two Balkan foes.
    (AP, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, North Korea rolled out some of its latest tanks and marched its best-trained goose-stepping units in a major military parade to mark its 70th anniversary. North Korea brought back one of its most iconic art forms — mass games performed by tens of thousands of people working in precise unison — to mark its 70th anniversary.
    (AP, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, Thousands of Russians turned out to protest deeply unpopular pension reforms as the country voted in local elections. Police arrested 1,018 people who were taking part in nationwide demonstrations called by jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny. The ruling United Russia party suffered a major blow in several regions as Russians voted to elect governors and local lawmakers in a nationwide day of polls. Sergei Sobyanin, mayor of Moscow since 2010, won a predictable victory with 70.02 percent of the vote. Turnout stood at 30.8 percent.
    (AFP, 9/9/18)(AFP, 9/10/18)(SFC, 9/11/18, p.A2)
2018        Sep 9, In central South Sudan 20 people were killed when a small plane crashed into a lake in Yirol. An Anglican bishop and four foreigners among the dead. Three people survived.
    (AFP, 9/10/18)
2018        Sep 9, In Spain a few thousand people marched in Barcelona in favor of national unity and against the separatist movement in northeastern Catalonia.
    (AP, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir dissolved the cash-strapped administration and slashed the number of ministries by a third to tackle a deepening economic crisis. Bashir named a new prime minister, Motazz Moussa, and asked him to form a tighter government of 21 ministers instead of 31 as part of efforts to cut costs.
    (Reuters, 9/10/18)
2018        Sep 9, Swedes voted in an election dominated by fears over asylum seekers and welfare, with the anti-immigration Sweden Democrats vying to become the biggest party in a country long seen as a bastion of liberal values. The far-right made gains in legislative elections whose result makes it tough to form a functioning government. The final tally later showed PM Stefan Lofven's Social Democrats getting 28.3 percent, the center-right Moderate Party 19.8 percent and the Sweden Democrats 17.5 percent.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)(AFP, 9/10/18)(AP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 9, Syrian government forces bombed the village of Hobeit in Idlib province, killing an infant girl and wounding several other civilians. Russian and Syrian government airstrikes struck the towns of Latamneh and Kafr Zeita in neighboring Hama province.
    (AP, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, In Thailand a six-day international meeting in Bangkok fell short of its aim of completing fruitful preparations to help an agreement be reached in December on guidelines for implementing the 2015 Paris climate change agreement. A top UN official said good progress was made on drafting a 'rule book' for the implementation of the 2015 Paris accord before a summit in Poland this December.
    (AP, 9/9/18)(Reuters, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, Vietnam refused entry to the Secretary General of the International Federation for Human Rights, Debbie Stothard, to attend the World Economic Forum on ASEAN to be held in the country on Sept. 11-13.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, In Yemen clashes and air strikes have left 84 people dead around the Red Sea port city of Hodeida since the collapse of UN-brokered peace talks a day earlier.
    (AFP, 9/9/18)

2019        Sep 9, The head of the US National Weather Service issued a strong public defense of forecasters who contradicted Pres. Trump's claim that Hurricane Dorian posed a threat to the state of Alabama.
    (SFC, 9/10/19, p.A6)
2019        Sep 9, Scientists reported that a large marine heat wave has warmed the northern Pacific Ocean and is threatening to disrupt sea life from Alaska to southern California. The warm water is officially known as the Northeast Pacific Marine Heatwave of 2019 and is the 2nd largest in 40 years.
    (SFC, 9/10/19, p.A1)
2019        Sep 9, In Minnesota a homeless man started a fire that destroyed the 117-yeal-old Adas Israel Synagogue in Duluth. In October Matthew Amiot (36) pleaded guilty and was sentenced to three months in jail.
    (SFC, 10/28/19, p.A4)
2019        Sep 9, Oklahoma City police officers shot and killed a man after he fled a home where a woman was fatally shot. Police said the man led them on a chase and pointed a gun at them.
    (AP, 9/10/19)
2019        Sep 9, Authorities in southern Texas discovered about 270 animals, about two dozen of them dead, on property in the small community of Los Fresnos, north of Brownsville, after receiving complaints from neighbors about barking dogs. Tiffany Woodington (49) was later charged in Missouri with 10 counts of felony animal abuse and two misdemeanor counts of animal abuse. Her husband, Steven Woodington (55) was charged in Texas with animal cruelty. The couple operated All Accounted For, which brought rescued animals from Texas to Missouri.
    (AP, 9/24/19)
2019        Sep 9, James Fields, the man convicted of ramming his car into a crowd protesting a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, was ordered to pay about $75,000 in total to four of his victims.
    (AP, 9/10/19)
2019        Sep 9, Robert Frank (b.1924), Swiss-born American photographer, died at his home in Nova Scotia, Canada. His work included "The Americas" (1959), a masterwork of black and white photographs drawn from US cross-country trips in the mid-1950s.
    (, 9/15/19, p.B9)
2019        Sep 9, Drug developer Neurotrope Inc's shares tumbled nearly 80% after the company said its experimental treatment for Alzheimer's disease did not meet the main goal of a mid-stage study.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, In the Bahamas rescue workers wearing white hazard suits continued their grim search for bodies and survivors in the hurricane-ravaged islands as the death toll reached 45.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, In Brazil miners protested the government's crackdown in Pará by closing a major highway used to transport soybeans and corn to a key river port in the state, demanding that officials stop burning their equipment during raids. A regional head of Brazil's environmental authority was fired two days later, after he made public comments saying he would no longer burn machinery, some of it seized from illegal miners, in an area heavily affected by forest fires. Evandro Cunha dos Santos was tapped a week earlier to run environmental enforcement in the northern state of Pará.
    (Reuters, 9/11/19)
2019        Sep 9, The spokesman for Britain's PM Boris Johnson said parliament will be suspended at the end of business today until the middle of next month.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, British Airways canceled almost all its flights for 48 hours, affecting as many as 195,000 travelers, due to a strike by pilots over pay.
    (AP, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, Germany said it will resume training border police in Saudi Arabia, after suspending the practice following the killing last year of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
    (AP, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, In Hong Kong hundreds of uniformed school students, many wearing masks, formed human chains in districts across the city in support of anti-government protesters after another weekend of clashes.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu failed in his eleventh hour bid to legislate that cameras be installed in polling stations to prevent what his supporters claim is voting fraud in Arab districts.
    (AP, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, Israel's PM Benjamin Netanyahu unveiled what he said was a previously undisclosed Iranian nuclear weapons site, further escalating a showdown between the two enemy countries.
    (AP, 9/10/19)
2019        Sep 9, Typhoon Faxai barreled through Japan's Tokyo region early today with record-breaking winds, killing one woman and leaving more than 900,000 homes without power.
    (The Telegraph, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, Portugal police said they have broken up a counterfeit money ring that used dark websites to sell fake banknotes in exchange for virtual currency, arresting five people including the suspected kingpin who was extradited from Colombia. Europol assisted Portuguese police in the operation, code-named Deep Money.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, Saudi Arabia said it wants to enrich uranium for its nuclear power program, potentially complicating talks with Washington on an atomic pact and the role of US companies.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, Digging ended in Raqqa, Syria, on the latest mass grave found there, with a total of 19 bodies found, including three women and two children. So far, 5,218 bodies have been exhumed from mass graves or from under the ruins of destroyed buildings around Raqqa.
    (AP, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, The United Nations' atomic watchdog (IAEA) confirmed that Iran is preparing to use more advanced centrifuges, another breach of limits set in the country's unraveling nuclear deal with major powers.
    (AP, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, The UN human rights chief said that extrajudicial killings appeared to be continuing in Venezuela and the Special Action Forces (FAES) presumed to be responsible had received support from the highest levels of government.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, Pope Francis wrapped up a trip to Africa with a lightning visit to the Indian Ocean island country of Mauritius. Authorities there cast remarks from Pope Francis as a boost for their claim to a chain of islands held by Britain, including one rented to the United States for the Diego Garcia air base.
    (Reuters, 9/9/19)

2020        Sep 9, Whistle-blower Brian Murphy, former head of the Homeland Security Department’s intelligence branch, accused top officials at the Department of Homeland Security of downplaying threats from violent white supremacy and Russian election interference.
    (NY Times, 9/10/20)
2020        Sep 9, Journalist Bob Woodward in his new book "Rage" said Trump told him that he had purposely minimized the risks of the coronavirus to the public, despite knowing in February that the virus was much deadlier than the flu and could be spread through the air.
    (NY Times, 9/10/20)
2020        Sep 9, The top American commander for the Middle East said the US is reducing its troop presence in Iraq this month from 5,200 to 3,000.
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, Amtrak Chief Executive William Flynn told Congress the US passenger railroad needs up to $4.9 billion in government funding to avoid service and job cuts, and address mounting losses.
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, Wildfires continued to sweep through the Pacific Northwest and California, killing at least six people. Thick smoke choked much of the state and cast an eerie orange hue across the sky. More than two dozen major fires were burning around the state, some of them among the largest ever recorded in recent California history.
    (AP, 9/9/20)(The Week, 9/10/20)
2020        Sep 9, Smoke blotted out the sun in San Francisco, and ash fluttered down from the sky.
    (NY Times, 9/10/20)
2020         Sep 9, California to date had 746,312 cases of coronavirus and 13,911 deaths. The SF Bay Area had 92,377 cases and 1,234 deaths. Total cases nationwide reached over 6,359,720 with the death toll at 190,815.
    (, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 8, In Florida Sylvester Ofori, a pastor and self-proclaimed prophet, shot and killed his estranged wife, Barbara Tommey (27), outside her job at a bank near the Mall at Millenia.
    (Orlando Sentinel, 9/12/20)
2020        Sep 9, Henry van Ameringen, a philanthropist and heir to a family fortune in the fragrance industry, died at his home in Manhattan. He was among the first openly gay major donors to fund LGBTQ. and AIDS-related organizations, at a time before they enjoyed more mainstream support.
    (NY Times, 9/24/20)
2020        Sep 9, Tom Ridge, a former Republican governor of Pennsylvania, called on that state’s Legislature to make a small change to how mail-in ballots are counted that could make a huge difference in how quickly election results are reported in November.
    (Yahoo News, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, It was reported that J.C. Penney has reached a deal to sell its retail business to Simon Property Group and Brookfield Property Partners, averting a liquidation.
    (The Week, 9/10/20)
2020        Sep 9, Kool & the Gang co-founder Ronald "Khalis" Bell (68) died at his home in the US Virgin Islands.
    (The Week, 9/10/20)
2020        Sep 9, Shere Hite (77), author of the landmark 1976 book on women’s sexuality, “The Hite Report: A Nationwide Study of Female Sexuality," died in London. Her work enraged some men and Christian groups, and criticism and threats drove her to leave the US.
    (NY Times, 9/14/20)
2020        Sep 9, In Afghanistan at least 10 bystanders were killed in a bombing in Kabul that targeted first VP Amrullah Saleh, who survived.
    (SFC, 9/10/20, p.A2)
2020        Sep 9, Belarus authorities detained lawyer Maxim Znak, one of the last two leading members of an opposition council who remained free.
    (SFC, 9/10/20, p.A2)
2020        Sep 9, Brazilian lab and hospital group DASA S.A. said it has agreed to conduct clinical Phase 2 and 3 trials in Brazil for a COVID-19 vaccine developed by COVAXX, a unit of privately-owned United Biomedical Inc.
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, Britain's Internal Market Bill was published. It became contentious as it overrides parts of the EU's legal divorce deal, known as the Withdrawal Agreement, which came into effect on 31 January 2020.
    (, 9/12/20, p.46)
2020        Sep 9, The Czech Republic reported more than 1,000 coronavirus cases for a second day in a row, as it widened compulsory wearing of face masks in an attempt to contain the outbreak.
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, In Egypt journalist Islam el-Kalhy, who reported on a young man’s death in police custody, was detained on charges of reporting fake news. Egypt is ranked among the world’s worst jailers of journalists, along with Turkey and China.
    (AP, 9/11/20)
2020        Sep 9, Ethiopia's northern Tigray region held elections in a show of defiance against PM Abiy Ahmed, who called the regional vote illegal but said the government would not respond with force. The Tigray Independence Party (TIP) has called for Tigray to form its own country.
    (, 11/6/20, p.A5)
2020        Sep 9, France fined Switzerland's Novartis and Roche 444 million euros (403.55 million pounds), after its competition authority said they used abusive practices to push costly eye injection Lucentis over a cheaper drug. Novartis must pay 385 million euros and Roche about 60 million euros, according to the decision.
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, India reported 89,706 new coronavirus cases and 1,115 deaths over the last 24 hours taking total fatalities up to 73,890. Total caseload reached 4.37 million.
    (SFC, 9/10/20, p.A5)
2020        Sep 9, It was reported that 26 scientists, most of them working at universities in Italy, have signed an open letter questioning the reliability of the data presented in the early-stage trial results of the Russian COVID-19 vaccine, named "Sputnik-V".
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, In eastern Mexico Julio Valdivia (41) of the newspaper El Mundo de Veracruz was found decapitated. He had covered a confrontation between police and suspected criminals the previous day. He was the fifth journalist slain in Mexico this year.
    (The Telegraph, 9/10/20)
2020        Sep 9, The leaders of the three main opposition groups in Montenegro signed a coalition agreement to form the next government and sought to alleviate fears that they would steer the small Balkan state off its pro-Western course and back toward traditional allies Serbia and Russia.
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, Amnesty International accused Mozambique’s government security forces of torturing suspected members of an Islamist insurgency in the country’s northern Cabo Delgado province — as well as “possible extrajudicial executions", and of “discarding of a large number of corpses into apparent mass graves".
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, North Korean state media said Typhoon Maysak wrecked nearly 60 bridges and destroyed or inundated more than 2,000 houses when it hit on Sep 3.
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, Russia's sovereign wealth fund said it had signed a deal to supply Mexican pharmaceutical firm Landsteiner Scientific with 32 million doses of the Russian-produced COVID-19 vaccine "Sputnik-V".
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, Serbia suspended all foreign military exercises on the eve of planned maneuvers with Russia in Belarus, citing alleged pressure from the European Union.
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, Somaliland opened a "representative office" in Taipei. This followed the opening in August of a similar Taiwanese office in Hargeisa, Somaliland's capital.
    (Econ., 10/3/20, p.38)
2020        Sep 9, Top South African human rights lawyer George Bizos (92), who famously defended Nelson Mandela, died.
    (BBC, 9/10/20)
2020        Sep 9, The United Arab Emirates recorded 883 new coronavirus infections, its highest daily increase in over three months. The UAE has recorded 75,981 infections and 393 deaths from COVID-19.
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, A new UN report said the world is getting closer to passing a temperature limit set by global leaders five years ago and may exceed it in the next decade or so.
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, United Nations peacekeepers returned to provide protection for a Nobel Peace Prize-winning Congolese Dr. Denis Mukwege, who has faced death threats, after alarmed supporters urged the UN to reinstate the security following months without it.
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, It was reported that UN-backed experts have found evidence that rebels in Yemen recruited nearly three dozen teenage girls — some said to be survivors of sexual violence — as spies, medics, guards and members of an all-female force.
    (AP, 9/9/20)
2020        Sep 9, The Houthi administration in Yemen suspended all UN and humanitarian flights to the capital Sanaa as its Saudi-led coalition foe blocks commercial vessels in the Red Sea port of Hodeidah. The Saudi-led coalition held 21 commercial vessels in Hodeidah port, preventing more than 500,000 tons of fuel from entering the country.
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)

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