Today in History - August 4

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For Asia History:

1060        Aug 4, Henry I (52), King of France (1027-60), died.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1181        Aug 4, A supernova was seen in Cassiopeia. Chinese and Japanese astronomers observed a supernova. The star 3C58 was later identified as the heart of the explosion in the constellation Cassiopeia. In 2002 it was thought to be composed of quarks.
    (MC, 8/4/02)(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A2)

1265        Aug 4, King Henry III in the Battle at Evesham put down a revolt of English barons lead by Simon de Montfort. Montfort, the English earl of Leicester, died in the battle.
    (HN, 8/4/98)(MC, 8/4/02)

1347        Aug 4, English troops conquered Ft. Calais. After an 11 month siege, French Calais fell to England's King Edward III. English rule lasted for more than two centuries.
    (WSJ, 11/6/95, p. A-1)(MC, 8/4/02)

1476        Aug 4, Jacob van Armagnac-Pardiac, French duke of Nemours, was beheaded.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1498        Aug 4-1498 Aug 12, Christopher Columbus explored the Gulf of Paria (Venezuela) between Trinidad and South America.

1558        Aug 4, 1st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabala).
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1578        Aug 4, A crusade against the Moors of Morocco was routed at the Battle of Alcazar-el-Kebir. King Sebastian of Portugal and 8,000 of his soldiers were killed. Sebastian was killed along with the King of Fez and the Moorish Pretender in the Battle of Alcazar. He was succeeded by Cardinal Henry.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 8/4/98)

1664        Aug 4, Louis Lully, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1666        Aug 4, Johan Evertsen, Italian admiral of Zeeland, was lynched in Brielle.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1689        Aug 4-5, War between England and France led them to use their native American allies as proxies. In retaliation for the French attack on the Seneca in 1687, one thousand, five hundred Iroquois, with English support, attacked Lachine down river from the mission of the Mountain of Ville-Marie (Montreal), killing some 400. They put everything to fire and axe.  Some suggest that this is a gross exaggeration and that only 24-25 were killed and likely 90 were captured by the Iroquois, but never returned.

1693        Aug 4, Dom Perignon invented champagne. [see 1688]
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1704        Aug 4, In the War of Spanish Succession, an Anglo-Dutch fleet captured Gibraltar.
    (, 9/19/06)

1705        Aug 4, Vaclav Matyas Gurecky, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1717        Aug 4, A friendship treaty was signed between France and Russia.
    (HN, 8/4/98)

1735        Aug 4, A jury acquitted John Peter Zenger of the New York Weekly Journal of seditious libel.
    (AP, 8/4/97)

1753        Aug 4, George Washington became a master mason.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1789        Aug 4, The Constituent Assembly in France dissolved feudal system by abolishing the privileges of nobility.
    (HN, 8/4/98)(MC, 8/4/02)

1790        Aug. 4, US Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton urged that ten boats for the collection of revenue be built. This was to stop smuggling, especially of coffee, which was hampering trade. The Coast Guard was born as the Revenue Cutter Service. The Coast Guard was empowered to board and inspect any vessel in US waters and any US boat anywhere in the world.
    (Smith., 8/95, p.25)(HFA, '96, p.36)(SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-16)(AP, 8/4/00)
1792        Aug 4, Percy Bysshe Shelley (d.1822), English poet and author who wrote "Prometheus Unbound," was born in Field Place, England. He married Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, author of "Frankenstein." He wrote the poem "Adonais."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1314)(HN, 8/4/98)

1805         Aug 4, William Rowan Hamilton (d.1865), Irish scientist, was born.
    (HN, 8/4/00)

1809        Aug 4, Hapsburg Emp. Francis I appointed Count Clemens von Metternich (36) minister of state.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.371)

1821        Aug 4, The 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post was published. It continued until 1969.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1830        Aug 4, Plans for the city of Chicago were laid out.
    (AP, 8/4/97)

1855        Aug 4, John Bartlett, a Cambridge bookseller, published the 1st edition of "Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations."
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.W17)(MC, 8/4/02)

1859        Aug 4, French priest John Vianney (b.1789), known as the Cure of Ars, died. He had helped to hide priests on the run during the French Revolution. In 1925 he was canonized by Pope Pius XI, who in 1929 made him patron saint of parish priests. In 2019 the Knights of Columbus fraternity sponsored a US pilgrimage of his heart.
    (, 4/6/19)

1864        Aug 4, Federal troops fail to capture Fort Gaines on Dauphin Island, one of the Confederate forts defending Mobile Bay. [see Aug 3]
    (HN, 8/4/99)

1875        Aug 4, The first Convention of Colored Newspapermen was held in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1875        Aug 4, Hans Christian Andersen (b.1805), Danish fairy tale writer, died. His biography was later written by Elias Bredsdorff (d.2002 at 90).
    (SFC, 8/23/02, p.A27)(MC, 8/4/02)

1879        Aug 4, A law was passed in Germany making Alsace Lorraine a territory of the empire.
    (HN, 8/4/98)

1884        Aug 4, Thomas Stevens (1853-1935) arrived in Boston after 104 days from SF in the 1st bicycle trip to cross the US. He later continued around world (2 yrs 9 mos) on a trip financed with articles for "Outing and the Wheelman" magazine.
    (MC, 4/22/02)(ON, 9/03, p.12)

1892        Aug 4, Lizzie Borden’s father and stepmother, Andrew and Abby Durfee Gray Borden, were killed with an ax in Fall River, Mass. Based on strong circumstantial evidence, Sunday school teacher Lizzie (32), Andrew Borden's daughter from a previous marriage, was charged and acquitted of the murders by an all-male jury. Later an opera titled "Lizzie Borden" by Jack Beeson drew a portrait of family pathology that depicted her as guilty of the crime.
    (WSJ,3/13/95, p.A-13)(AP, 8/4/97)(SFC, 9/17/97, p.A16)(HNPD, 8/4/98)

1900        Aug 4, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (d.2002), later known as the Queen Mum (mother of Queen Elizabeth II), was born in Scotland as the daughter of Lord Glamis, who became the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. She later became the wife of King George VI.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.A18)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/10/00, p.A16)(MC, 8/4/02)

1901        Aug 4, Louis Armstrong, jazz trumpet player, was born. Laurence Bergreen in 1997 wrote a biography titled: "Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life." [see Jul 4, 1900]
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, BR p.4)(HN, 8/4/01)

1903        Aug 4, Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice was elected Pope Pius X.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1908        Aug 4, Bronson Howard (b.1842), playwright and Detroit-born founder of the American Dramatist’s Club, died in New Jersey.

1909        Aug 4, Baseball umpire Tim Hurst instigated a riot by spitting at A's 2nd baseman Eddie Collins, who had questioned a call. This lead to Hurst's banishment.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1912        Aug 4, Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat credited with saving nearly 100,000 Budapest Jews during World War II, was born.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1912        Aug 4, The 1st detachment of American forces requested by President Diaz, arrived at Managua, Nicaragua, from Corinto. It was a handful of seamen from the USS ANNAPOLIS.

1914        Aug 4, Britain and Belgium declared war after German troops entered Belgium. The United States proclaimed its neutrality. Britain’s entry also committed its dominions of Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand and South Africa. AS WWI started the financial press helped to cover up news of a run on the Bank of England.
    (HNQ, 7/24/98)(AP, 8/4/97)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.45)(Econ, 9/27/14, p.70)

1916        Aug 4, The United States signed a treaty to purchase the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million. The US purchased the southern Virgin Islands including St. Thomas, St. John, St. Croix and about 50 other small Caribbean islets and cays from Denmark. They were then known as the Danish West Indies. The Act of March 3, 1917, authorized payment by the US of $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1595)(AP, 8/4/97)(HNQ, 11/20/99)

1917        Aug 4, Pravda called for the killing of all capitalists, priests and officers.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1927        Aug 4, Eugène Atget (b.1857) French photographer, died. He was noted for his photographs documenting the architecture and street scenes of Paris. An inspiration for the surrealists and other artists, his work only gained wide attention after his death.

1929        Aug 4, Some 60,000 SA and SS storm troopers marched in Munich.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1930        Aug 4, Michael Cullen introduced King Kullen in queens, NYC, the 1st US supermarket.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.C1)
1930        Aug 4, Siegfried Wagner (61), German opera composer and son of Richard Wagner, died.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1932        Aug 4, Luigi Beccali (1907-1990), Italian athlete, won Olympic gold in the 1500 meters. He gave a Fascist salute at the winners’ podium.
    (WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)(

1936        Aug 4, Jesse Owens (1913-1980) won his 2nd Olympic medal (long jump) at the Berlin Olympics.

1940        Aug 4, The Paris Soir reported that Gen. Charles de Gaulle had been condemned to death in absentia for treason by a Vichy military court.
    (WSJ, 8/2/00, p.A12)
1940        Aug 4, Zeev Jabotinsky (b.1880), a revisionist Zionist leader, died in NY. He co-founded the Jewish Legion of the British army in World War I and later established several Jewish organizations, including Beitar, Hatzohar and the Irgun. He had argued that no concession could appease Arabs.
    (, 3/14/15, p.27)

1942        Aug 4, The British government charged that Mohandas Gandhi and his All-Indian Congress Party favored "appeasement" with Japan.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1942        Aug 4, The 1st train with Jews departed Mechelen, Belgium, to Auschwitz.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1944        Aug 4, RAF pilot T. D. Dean became the first pilot to destroy a V-1 buzz bomb when he tipped the pilotless craft's wing, sending it off course.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1944        Aug 4, British 8th army reached the suburbs of Florence, Italy.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1944         Aug 4, Nazi police raided the secret annex of a building in Amsterdam and arrested eight people, including 15-year-old Anne Frank, whose diary became a famous account of the Holocaust. She died at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in the spring of 1945, just weeks before the camp was liberated. Miep Gies (1909-2010), secretary to Anne’s father Otto, collected the scattered pages of Anne’s diary and returned them to Otto Frank after the war.
    (AP, 8/4/02)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.95)
1944        Aug 4, A Halifax JP-276A took off on its final flight from the Italian city of Brindisi around 8 p.m., to drop weapons, ammunition and medical supplies for resistance fighters involved in the Warsaw Uprising against the Nazis. The plane was shot down by Poland's Nazis occupiers and crashed near the town of Dabrowa Tarnowska, in southern Poland. Remnants were recovered in 2006 and the remains of the crew, 5 Canadians and 2 Britons, were formally buried in 2007.
    (AP, 10/4/07)

1948        Aug 4, A 5 day US southern filibuster succeeded in maintaining the poll tax.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1952        Aug 4, Helicopters from the U.S. Air Force Air Rescue Service landed in Germany, completing the first transatlantic flight by helicopter in 51 hours and 55 minutes of flight time.
    (HN, 8/4/00)

1953        Aug 4, Black families moved into the Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1954        Aug 4, A uranium rush began in Saskatchewan, Canada.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1955        Aug 4, Billy Bob Thornton, American actor, was born. He became an occasional director, playwright, screenwriter and singer. By 2009 he was married five times, his most recent ex-wife being actress Angelina Jolie.
1955        Aug 4, Eisenhower authorized $46 million for the construction of CIA headquarters.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1955        Aug 4, The U-2 reconnaissance prototype made its first flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.17)

1956        Aug 4, Elvis Presley released "Hound Dog."
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1958        Aug 4, Mary Decker Stanley, winner of seven track and field records, was born.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1958        Aug 4, Billboard, founded in 1894, premiered its all-genre singles Hot 100 chart.

1961        Aug 4, Barack Obama, later US Senator from Illinois, was born in Honolulu to a black Kenyan father and a white American mother. He lived most of his early life in Hawaii. From ages six to ten, he lived in Jakarta, Indonesia with his mother and Indonesian stepfather.

1964        Aug 4, Pres. Johnson ordered an immediate retaliation for the Aug 2 attack on the US destroyer Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin off North Vietnam.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1964        Aug 4, The destroyers U.S.S. Maddox and Turner Joy allegedly exchanged fire with supposed North Vietnamese patrol boats. At the time it was taken as evidence that Hanoi was raising the stakes against the United States. The destroyers were in effect shooting at false radar contacts. In 2005 it was reported that a secret 2001 report had concluded that the NSA officers deliberately distorted the Aug 4 data to support the belief that North Vietnamese ships attacked American destroyers 2 days after a previous clash.
    (, 10/31/05, p.A3)
1964        Aug 4, The bodies of missing civil rights workers Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney were found buried in an earthen dam in Nashoba County, Mississippi. Schwerner and Goodman were Jewish-Americans from Pelham and New York City respectively and Chaney was a Black from Meridian, Mississippi. The three civil rights workers had disappeared from Philadelphia, Mississippi, on June 21, 1964, not long after they had been held for six hours in the Neshoba County, Mississippi jail on charges of speeding. Their burned car was discovered on June 23rd, prompting a search by the FBI for the three young men. Their story became the basis for the movie Mississippi Burning, starring Gene Hackman, Willem Defoe and Frances McDormand in 1988. In 2005, on the forty-first anniversary of the crime, Edgar Ray Killen (80) an ordained Baptist minister, was found guilty of three counts of manslaughter.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A12)

1972        Aug 4, Arthur Bremer (b.1950) was sentenced to 63 years for shooting Alabama Gov. Wallace and 3 bystanders on May 15, 1972, in Laurel, Maryland. An appeal reduced the sentence to 53 years. After 35 years of incarceration, Bremer was released from prison on parole on November 9, 2007. He remains on probation until 2025 and resides in a halfway house in Cumberland, Maryland.
1972        Aug 4, Uganda’s president Idi Amin gave some 50,000 Asians 90 days to leave the country following an alleged dream in which, he claimed, God told him to expel them.

1975        Aug 4, In Malaysia the Japanese Red Army raided a building in Kuala Lumpur that housed US, Swedish, Japanese and Canadian embassies. 52 hostages were exchanged for Red Army members.

1977        Aug 4, President Carter signed a measure establishing the Department of Energy.
    (AP, 8/4/97)
1977        Aug 4, In San Francisco some 50 elderly tenants of the International Hotel in Chinatown were forcefully evicted by police as thousands of protestors filled the streets. The structure was demolished in 1979 and a hole occupied the site. In 2004 city officials declared a 2-block corridor on Kearny as “Manilatown" as construction rose on 14-story Int’l. Hotel Senior Residences. In 2007 Estella Habal authored “San Francisco’s International Hotel: Mobilizing the Filipino American Community in the Anti-Eviction Movement."
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.A30)(SFC, 8/1/97, p.A25)(eyewitness)(SFC, 6/8/01, WBa p.6)(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A17)(SFC, 7/28/04, p.B1)(SSFC, 8/19/07, p.M1)

1980        Aug 4, Susan G. Komen (36) died of breast cancer. Her sister Nancy G. Brinker went on to found the Susan B. Komen for the Cure breast cancer charity. In 2010 she authored her memoir “Promise Me."
    (SSFC, 8/8/10, Par p.8)

1981        Aug 4, In Bolivia Pres. Luis Garcia Meza, 1980 military coup leader, was succeeded by Gen. Celso Torrelio (1933-1999). Meza resigned in the face of outcries at home and abroad about corruption, cruelty and economic catastrophe.
    (, 5/4/18, p.D6)

1982        Aug 4, Ronald Smith of Canada killed two Americans in Montana during a drunken road trip. In March 1893 Smith was convicted and sentenced to death.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.55)(

1983        Aug 4, In Burkina Faso Blaise Compaore played a key role in a coup that brought Thomas Sankara (1949-1987) to power.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.49)(

1984        Aug 4, In Germany Robert Brown (24), a former American soldier, struck Nicola Stiel (19) and raped her, then strangled her to prevent her from reporting the rape. In 2009 Brown was extradited to Germany to face charges that he raped and murdered the woman near where he worked on a US military base in Hesse state.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

1987        Aug 4, The Federal Communications Commission voted 4-0 to rescind the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and television stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues. The US Supreme Court had ruled it constitutional in 1969.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)
1987        Aug 4, Carlina White (19 days) was abducted from a Harlem hospital. In 2011 Ann Pettway of North Carolina surrendered to authorities days after White (23), raised as Nejdra Nance, re-united with her biological mother Joy White.
1987        Aug 4, Jesse Unruh (b.1922), Democrat and the 54th speaker of the California state Assembly (1961-1969), died while serving as California state treasurer (1975-1987). In 2007 Bill Boyarsky authored “Big Daddy: Jesse Unruh and the Art of Power Politics."
    (SSFC, 11/11/07, p.M1)(

1988        Aug 4, Hertz car rental agreed to pay out $23 million in a consumer fraud case.

1989        Aug 4, Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani offered to help end the hostage crisis in Lebanon, prompting President Bush to say he was "encouraged."
    (AP, 8/4/99)

1990        Aug 4, In Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected Chairman of the Armenian Supreme Soviet.
1990        Aug 4, The European Community imposed an embargo on imports of oil from Iraq and Kuwait to protest the Baghdad government’s invasion of its oil-rich neighbor.
    (AP, 8/4/00)

1991        Aug 4, The Greek luxury liner "Oceanos" sank in heavy seas off South Africa’s southeast coast; all 402 passengers and 179 crew members survived.
    (AP, 8/4/01)
1991        Aug 4, Israeli Cabinet members overwhelmingly backed a Middle East peace conference under conditions set by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir.
    (AP, 8/4/01)

1992        Aug 4, The crew of the space shuttle Atlantis encountered difficulties as they tried to reel out a satellite attached to miles of thin cord as part of an electricity-producing experiment.
    (AP, 8/4/97)

1993        Aug 4, The US Senate approved a $5.8 billion disaster bill for Midwestern flood victims.
    (AP, 8/4/98)
1993        Aug 4, A federal judge sentenced Los Angeles police officers Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell to 2 1/2 years in prison for violating Rodney King's civil rights.
    (AP, 8/4/98)
1993        Aug 4, Rwandan Hutu's and Tutsi's negotiated power-sharing agreement in Arusha, Tanzania. It was viewed as a sellout by extremist leaders of the Hutu majority.
    (, 11/15/96, p.A16)

1994        Aug 4, Howard Stern dropped out of the NY gubernatorial race.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1994        Aug 4, Serb-dominated Yugoslavia withdrew its support for Bosnian Serbs, sealing the 300-mile border between Yugoslavia and Serb-held Bosnia.
    (AP, 8/4/99)

1995        Aug 4, A US judge ruled that Oregon's assisted-suicide law, approved by the voters last Nov., is unconstitutional. The law would have allowed doctors to prescribe lethal doses of drugs for dying patients.
    (WSJ, 8/4/95, p.B-1)
1995        Aug 4, That 1% of Americans own 40% of the nation's wealth is uncontested as fact.
    (WSJ, 8/4/95, p.A-11)
1995        Aug 4, J. Howard Marshall II, Texas oil tycoon and alumnus of Haverford College, Pa., died. In 1994 Marshall had married Playboy Playmate Anna Nicole Smith (26). In 2002, a federal judge ruled that the dying 90-year-old truly loved his then 26-year-old wife and awarded her $88 million in a court fight with Marshall’s son. In 2004 an appeals court reversed the judgment. In 2010 a federal appeals court recognized a 2001 jury verdict in Texas that determined an irrevocable trust and will leaving $1.6 billion to Pierce Marshall was valid.
    (, 12/31/04)(SFC, 3/20/10, p.A6)
1995        Aug 4, Croatia launched an offensive against Krajina, Operation Storm, and captured in days a region that Serb rebels had held for 4 years. Most of its province of Krajina, including the Serb stronghold Knin, was taken in a 3-day offensive. Some 3,000 shells were fired into Knin and less than 250 hit military targets. Some 100,000 Croatian Serbs were driven from the area. Up to 600 Serb civilians were killed. A report on the events was published in 1999: "Report on the Military Operation Storm and its Aftermath" by the Croatian Helsinki Committee for Human Rights.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(SFEC, 3/21/99, p.A17)(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)

1996        Aug 4, On the final day of the Atlanta Olympics, Josia Thugwane became the first black South African to win a gold medal as he finished first in the marathon; the U.S. women's basketball team defeated Brazil 111-87 to win the gold; David Reid won the only boxing gold medal for the United States. A three-hour closing ceremony of music, dance and light, attended by at least 80,000 people, brought the games to an official close with a final ceremony.
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A1)(AP, 8/4/97)
1996        Aug 4, In San Francisco the Cannabis Buyer’s Club at 1444 Market St. was raided by agents of the California Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement.
    (SFC, 8/5/96, p.A1)

1997        Aug 4, US Teamsters under Ron Carey (1935-2008) went on a 15-day strike against United Parcel Service after talks broke down with nation's largest package delivery service.
    (AP, 8/4/98)(SFC, 12/13/08, p.B5)
1997        Aug 4, From Bosnia it was reported that Croats near Jajce had driven out hundreds of Muslims who had recently returned to their homes.
    (WSJ, 8/4/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 4, In Cuba a small explosion damaged a lobby in a Havana hotel. US-based groups were blamed for this and a pair of bombings from 3 weeks ago.
    (WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 4, In France the world’s oldest person, Jeanne Calment (b.1875), died in Arles at the record age of 122. The title was passed on to Christien Mortensen of San Rafael, Ca., (115). It was later found that Marie-Louise Febronie Meilleur of Ontario was to turn 117 in August.
    (, 8/5/97, p.A18)(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A20)
1997        Aug 4, From Mexico it was reported that the Lacandon Jungle rain forest was 40% destroyed from its original 4 million acres. Poor peasants were clearing the jungle by fire to provide for agricultural needs.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A8)
1997        Aug 4, In Mexico gunmen killed 6 people in the Max Fim restaurant in Ciudad Juarez.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 4, In Montserrat superheated rock from the Soufriere Hills volcano flowed into the abandoned capital of Plymouth.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 4, Russia announced that it would redenominate the ruble at the beginning of 1998. Three zeroes would be taken off the bills with current inflation at about 12%.
    (WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 4, In Sri Lanka weekend fighting reportedly left 200 Tamil Tigers and 67 government troops dead. The rebel bodies were severely disfigured.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 4, In Turkey 76 military officers and nco’s were dismissed in a continuing effort to root out Islamic activism in the ranks.
    (WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A1)

1998        Aug 4, Turning aside an urgent White House appeal, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist cleared the way for prosecutors to question White House lawyers about their advice to President Clinton in the Monica Lewinsky case.
    (AP, 8/4/99)
1998        Aug 4, In Michigan Geoffrey Fieger, a defense lawyer for Dr. Jack Kevorkian, won the Democratic nomination for governor.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A5)
1998        Aug 4, The US Air Force announced plans to group its combat aircraft into ten teams over the next 2 years.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A4)
1998        Aug 4, The Dow Jones industrial average plunged 299.43 points, the third-biggest point drop to that time finishing at 8,487.31.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/4/99)
1998        Aug 4, In Colombia over 2 dozen attacks in half of the nation’s 32 provinces left at least 76 people dead.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/5/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 4, The Egyptian Jihad under Dr. Zawahri denounced the CIA-led arrests in Albania and said Americans should soon receive a response "in the only language that they understand."
    (WSJ, 7/2/02, p.A8)
1998        Aug 4, Japan announced that it will begin a new nuclear power plant in Higashidori in Dec. 51 nuclear power plants currently supply about 1/3 of the nation’s power.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 4, A heat wave swept over Eastern Europe and caused 20 deaths in Romania.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 4, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga ordered a month-long state of emergency and effectively postponed provincial elections scheduled for August.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1999        Aug 4, On the eve of congressional votes on the Republicans’ $792 billion tax cut proposal, President Clinton again pledged a veto, saying the GOP package was "risky and plainly wrong."
1999        Aug 4, The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the 1990 expulsion of a gay assistant scoutmaster by the Boy Scouts of America violated the state's anti-discrimination law.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A3)
1999        Aug 4, Dow Chemical said it was acquiring Union Carbide for $9.3 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 4, Victor Mature (b.1913), film star died in San Diego County, California. His career included 55 movies, 5 marriages and $18 million which he invested wisely.
1999        Aug 4, George Robertson, British Defense Minister, was chosen as the new secretary general of NATO.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 4, It was reported that flooding of the Yangtze River had left 1.8 million people homeless. Summer flooding left some 725 people dead.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/6/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 4, In Congo at least 518 people, mostly civilians, were killed when Sudanese planes, at the request of Congo's government, bombed the rebel-held towns of Makanza and Bogbonga. Sudan denied the charges and Congolese Pres. Kabila denied responsibility.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A12)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 4, Cuban high jumper Javier Sotomajor was stripped of his gold medal from the Pan American Games after he tested positive for cocaine.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 4, In Iran the daily Salam newspaper was banned for 5 years and publisher Mousavi-Khoeiniha was barred from journalism.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A14)
1999        Aug 4, In Kashmir 4 days of fighting left at least 50 people dead including 32 militants and 7 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)
1999        Aug 4, It was reported that flooding in North Korea had claimed 42 lives.
    (WSJ, 8/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 4, In Russia the Fatherland Party of Yuri Luzhkov merged with the governor's All Russia movement.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A12)

2000        Aug 4, Fresh from the Republican national convention in Philadelphia, GOP presidential nominee George W. Bush and running mate Dick Cheney began an air and rail tour of four swing states: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois. For his part, Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore mocked the Republican gathering as a special-interests-sponsored sham.
    (AP, 8/4/01)
2000        Aug 4, NY officials issued a statewide alert for West Nile encephalitis after the 1st case of the year was reported on Staten Island.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A3)
2000        Aug 4, In England the Queen Mum celebrated her 100th birthday.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.A18)
2000        Aug 4, It was reported that the war in Chechnya had killed 2,508 Russian soldiers since 8/2/99. A mother’s group put the figure up to 6,000.
    (WSJ, 8/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 4, In Georgia three Red Cross workers were believed to have been kidnapped. Their car was found the next day near the border with Chechnya.
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.C16)(WSJ, 8/7/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 4, Ildefonso Salido Ibarra, owner of the El Debate newspaper, was kidnapped in Sinaloa state. He was released after 4 days.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A19)(
2000        Aug 4, Russia reported that Chechen rebels had decapitated 2 Russian colonels, who had been seized earlier in the Vedeno region.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.C1)

2001        Aug 4, In Florida an immigration official turned back Muhammed al-Kahtani (al-Qahtani), a Saudi who had flown in from London with $2,800 in cash and no return ticket. He was later captured in Afghanistan and detained at Guantanamo after officials suspected that he was the intended 20th hijacker for the Nov 11 attacks. In 2008 the Pentagon dropped charges against al-Qahtani.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.39)(AP, 5/13/08)
2001        Aug 4, Steve Fossett launched his 5th bid to circle the globe in an unpressurized gondola from Australia. He set a duration record on Aug 16 over Argentina. He was forced down over Brazil on Aug 17.
    (SFC, 8/17/01, p.D1)(SFC, 8/18/01, p.A8)
2001        Aug 4, In NYC police officer Joseph Gray (40) ran over Maria Herrera (24), her son Andy and her sister (16). A baby boy was delivered by c-section but did not survive. Gray had been drinking with fellow officers at a strip club and was later charged with manslaughter for killing the family while driving drunk on his way to work. 17 cops at the 72nd precinct were soon disciplined transferred or suspended. Gray was convicted of manslaughter in 2002 and sentenced to five to 15 years in prison. Ms. Herrera's husband, Victor, and his mother-in-law, Maria Peña, later filed lawsuits. The city settled the civil lawsuit for $1.5 million.
2001        Aug 4, Thousands of admirers turned out in London to celebrate the 101st birthday of Britain's Queen Mother Elizabeth in what would be the last such celebration. The Queen Mother died March 30, 2002.
    (AP, 8/4/02)
2001        Aug 4, In India torrential rains and floods swept over Bihar state and at least 3 people were killed. Thousands were marooned.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 4, The Israeli army fired missiles at a convoy carrying the Palestinian West Bank leader Marwan Barghouti.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A12)
2001        Aug 4, In Macedonia ethnic Albanian rebels lobbed mortars at police stations near Tetovo.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 4, Philippine soldiers rescued 13 hostages of the 36 seized by Abu Sayyaf rebels on Aug 2.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 4, In Moscow Kim Jong Il and Pres. Putin signed a joint statement declaring that North Korea’s missile program is not designed to threaten any nation.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A12)(AP, 8/4/02)

2002        Aug 4, US Treasury Sec. Paul O'Neill arrived in Uruguay and announced a $1.5 billion temporary loan to stabilize the financial crises.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 4, It was reported that low-grade inflammation is worse for human health than high cholesterol levels. Increases of C-reactive protein from the inflammation could trigger the release of lumps of plaque and cause arterial clots leading to heart attacks. Associated factors included high blood pressure, smoking and chronic gum disease.
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.A9)
2002        Aug 4, In Dallas, Tx., a man, woman and 3 children were shot to death. The woman's husband was taken into custody.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 4, In Bolivia Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (72), a wealthy businessman who grew up in the United States and former president (1882-1997), was voted by Congress (84-43) to the presidency for a second time.
    (AP, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 4, Britain's Queen Elizabeth closed Manchester's hugely successful Commonwealth Games after 11 days of sport and ceremony.
    (Reuters, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 4, Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman vanished while walking near their homes in Soham, 12 miles northeast of Cambridge, England. [see Aug 16] On August 17, 2002 a game warden found their partially burned bodies in a six-foot-deep ditch close to the RAF Lakenheath airbase in Suffolk.
    (AP, 8/9/02)(
2002        Aug 4, India's federal government planned to distribute 7.142 billion rupees ($147 million) to 12 states to tackle problems arising out of a failed monsoon. Much of India was facing the worst drought in a decade due to erratic monsoon rains. An outbreak of encephalitis in India's remote northeastern state of Assam rose to 100 on Sunday, as heavy monsoon rains wreaked havoc in large parts of the region.
    (Reuters, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 4, In northern Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber blew apart a bus during rush hour, killing at least nine people, wounding dozens. 3 more people died in a gun battle outside the Damascus Gate. 7 Arabs with Israeli citizenship were later arrested for assisting the bomber.
    (AP, 8/4/02)(SFC, 8/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 4, In southeastern Spain 2 people, including a 6-year-old girl, were killed and several others were injured when a car bomb exploded in front of a military police barracks. Twenty-five others were injured.
    (AP, 8/5/02)

2003        Aug 4, California Governor Gray Davis asked the state Supreme Court to delay his Oct. 7 recall election until the following March. The recall went ahead as originally scheduled.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2003        Aug 4, In northern Afghanistan a soldier of warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum mishandled a mortar and the shell exploded, killing 13 troops and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2003        Aug 4, Azerbaijan's parliament named ailing President Geidar Aliev's son, Ilham Geidar Oglu Aliev (b.1961), as PM.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, Brazilian novelist Ruben Fonseca (b.1925) won Mexico's prestigious Juan Rulfo Prize for literature.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, In China’s Qiqihar city one person died and 43 people were injured after construction workers broke open several barrels of World War II mustard gas abandoned by Japanese troops. In 2010 a Tokyo court rejected compensation claims by a group of Chinese plaintiffs, who demanded the Japanese government pay 1.43 billion yen ($16 million) in damages.
    (, 5/24/10)
2003        Aug 4, In Honduras 9 members of a family were shot to death by suspected gang that raided their home in San Pedro Sula.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, West African forces arrived in Liberia to oversee the departure of President Charles Taylor.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2003        Aug 4, Chung Mong-hun (54) a top executive of the Hyundai conglomerate, whose business spearheaded reconciliation efforts with North Korea but ended up tangled in debt and scandal, plunged to his death from his office window.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, Mexico's federal government dispatched some 650 federal agents to Tijuana in the latest attempt to curb smuggling and corruption in the rough border city.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        cAug 4, Pres. Putin visited Malaysia to seal a $900 million sale of Sukhoi fighter jets and tout Russia's liberal sale policies.
    (WSJ, 8/5/03, p.A1)

2004        Aug 4, The Georgia men's basketball team was placed on four years' probation for rules violations under former coach Jim Harrick.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2004        Aug 4, Richard Smith, a Staten Island ferry pilot, pleaded guilty to manslaughter charges in a crash that killed 11 commuters in the October 15, 2003, wreck of the Andrew J. Barberi Staten Island ferry, acknowledging that he'd passed out at the helm after arriving at work with medication in his system.
    (AP, 8/4/05) (
2004        Aug 4, Former teacher Mary Kay Letourneau, convicted of having sex with a sixth-grade pupil, was released from a Washington state prison.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2004        Aug 4, It was reported that LeapFrog Enterprises would donate 20,000 interactive women’s health books to Afghan women under a $1.25 million development and distribution grant from the US Dept. of health and Human Services.
    (SFC, 8/4/04, p.C1)
2004            Aug 4, In China a school employee with a history of schizophrenia slashed 15 students and three teachers with a kitchen knife at a Beijing kindergarten, killing one child and leaving terrified classmates covered in blood.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2004        Aug 4, Fighting between insurgents and Iraqi security forces in Mosul left at least 22 dead. At least 14 of the dead were civilians.
    (SFC, 8/5/04, p.A12)
2004        Aug 4, In Kashmir Muslim militants killed nine Indian troopers in an attack on a paramilitary camp, just hours before India and Pakistan, which both claim the region, began a round of peace talks.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2004        Aug 4, Police in eastern Nigeria discovered skulls and corpses of at least 83 people in shrines where a secretive cult was believed to have carried out traditional ritual killings. 30 shamans were arrested in a part of Anambra state called “the evil forest."
    (AP, 8/5/04)(WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A1)(CP, 8/13/04)
2004        Aug 4, Clashes in the Gaza Strip left 4 Palestinians dead including a 10-year-old boy. Israeli forces uncovered a smuggling tunnel on the border with Egypt.
    (SFC, 8/5/04, p.A3)
2004        Aug 4, The official Saudi Press reported that municipal elections across Saudi Arabia, the first such polls in decades, have been have been pushed back two months to November.
    (AP, 8/4/04)
2004        Aug 4, In southern Tanzania some 22 villagers appeared in court on charges of killing 7 people who allegedly practiced witchcraft. Villagers said the witches cut off the sexual organs of dead villagers and used them to concoct charms intended to bring good harvests and fortune.
    (AP, 8/5/04)

2005        Aug 4, In Washington DC Steven Rosen (53) and Keith Weissman (53), former employees of a pro-Israeli lobbying group, were indicted for passing classified information to foreign officials beginning in 1999.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A11)
2005        Aug 4, Mayor Gavin Newsom signed a $5.3 billion SF city budget.
    (SFC, 8/5/05, p.B4)
2005        Aug 4, Milton Campbell (70), blues singer, died in Memphis, Ten.
    (SFC, 8/5/05, p.B7)
2005        Aug 4, A roadside bomb exploded near a US military vehicle near the Afghan border with Pakistan, killing an American service member and wounding another. 2 US service members drowned after their Humvee slid into a river during an operation targeting insurgents in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 4, Al-Qaida's No. 2, Ayman al-Zawahri, threatened more destruction in London in a videotape aired on Al-Jazeera. He also threatened the United States with tens of thousands of military dead if it did not withdraw from Iraq; President Bush responded by saying, "We will stay the course, we will complete the job."
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2005        Aug 4, The Bank of England cut official interest rates by a quarter of a percentage point to 4.5 percent, noting the risk that already sluggish household spending and investment growth in Britain could slow further.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, India’s Supreme Court upheld a lower court's death sentence on Mohammed Afzal, a resident of south Kashmir. Afzal was found guilty of involvement in the December 2001 parliament raid in which five gunmen killed nine people before being shot dead.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 4, In Bali a truth commission set up by Indonesia and East Timor began work, seeking to deflect growing calls for an international tribunal to probe the tiny territory's bloody independence vote in 1999.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, A car bomb hit members of a radical Shiite militia in northern Iraq as attacks nationwide killed at least 11 people. Unidentified gunmen attacked an Iraqi army patrol in a town north of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi troops. An American soldier assigned to a unit in Mosul was killed in action.
    (AP, 8/4/05)(AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 4, Israel announced plans to expand a settlement near Jerusalem even as it prepares to withdraw from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, Eden Natan Zada (19), an Israeli soldier absent without leave, opened fire while riding a bus in Shfaram, killing 4 Israeli Arabs and wounding 13. A video released later shows him being beaten to death by the crowd immediately after, while he was still on the bus.
    (AP, 8/4/05)(SFC, 8/5/05, p.A1)(
2005        Aug 4, A Jordanian prosecutor said Jordan has arrested 17 militants linked to al-Qaida who were allegedly plotting to attack U.S. troops and Jordanian intelligence agents.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, In Northern Ireland some 40 police officers were injured trying to break up a five-hour riot by Protestant militants who burned 10 cars and a double-decker bus in Belfast. The mob claimed to be venting their anger over recent police raids on the homes of Protestant paramilitary figures in the area. About 15 homes were raided and six men arrested shortly before the riot began.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 4, North Korea's envoy to disarmament talks said that Pyongyang insists on retaining the right to "peaceful nuclear activities," a condition that other delegates say has deadlocked the talks.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, Pakistan's Supreme Court blocked a proposal by an Islamist-controlled provincial government to introduce what critics say would be a Taliban-style judicial system enforced by religious police.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, A mini-submarine carrying seven Russians became caught on an underwater antenna 600 feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean; the men were rescued three days later with help from a British vessel.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2005        Aug 4, South Korean researchers reported their successful cloning of a dog. The puppy was born 3 months earlier and was the only success of 1,095 embryos. In 2006 Dr. Hwang Woo Suk’s stem cell work was discredited but the cloning of Snuppy supported.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A15)(WSJ, 12/24/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/10/06, p.A1)
2005        Aug 4, The Sudanese Red Crescent (SRC) said at least 130 people have been killed and around 350 injured after 3 days of violence following the death of former rebel leader and First Vice President John Garang.
    (Reuters, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, In Turkey an explosion in a trash can in an Istanbul suburb killed a mother and daughter and injured five others as they left a wedding party.
    (AP, 8/4/05)

2006        Aug 4, The US placed sanctions on 7 firms from North Korea, Russia, India and Cuba for arms dealings with Iran.
    (WSJ, 8/5/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 4, In Philadelphia Danieal Kelly (14), a disabled girl, was found dead in her mother's squalid house covered with bone-deep, maggot-infested bedsores. She weighed 42 pounds. In 2008 4 social workers were among 9 people charged in relation to her death. In 2008 Andrea Kelly, the mother, was charged with murder and Daniel, the father, was charged with child endangerment. Both parents retained lawyers who filed suits against their criminal co-defendants, blaming them for the girl's demise. In 2009 mother Andrea Kelly pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 20-40 years in prison. In 2010 case worker Julius Murray was sentenced to 11 years in prison on fraud and obstruction in the case. He had skipped visits and still faced involuntary manslaughter charges.
    (AP, 8/1/08)(, 4/30/09, p.A4)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.A9)
2006        Aug 4, In southern Afghanistan 2 police officers were killed and eight others wounded in a roadside bomb aimed at a district governor. UNICEF said schools are increasingly being attacked across Afghanistan and an estimated 100,000 children in the south are shut out of the classroom due to closures.
    (AFP, 8/5/06)(Reuters, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Argentina Julio Simon, a former police officer, was sentenced to 25 years in prison for human rights abuses in connection with the 1978 disappearance of Chilean Jose Poblete and his Argentine wife, Gertrudis Hlaczik, during the military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 4, Bangladesh announced a fresh round of polio vaccination drives amid growing signs that the lethal disease has staged a comeback in the impoverished South Asian country.
    (AFP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Colombia leftist rebels were blamed for two attacks, a car bomb that killed four officers outside a Cali police station and an attack that killed two soldiers in a western province.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In India floods caused by heavy monsoon rains swept away people and destroyed homes in the southern coastal area of Andhra Pradesh, killing at least 31 people over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, Hundreds of thousands of Shiites chanting "Death to Israel" and "Death to America" marched through the streets of Baghdad's biggest Shiite district in a massive show of support for Hezbollah in its battle against Israel. At least 35 people were killed elsewhere in Iraq, many of them in a car bombing and gunbattle in the northern city of Mosul. Some 3,700 soldiers of the Army's 172nd Stryker Brigade moved into Baghdad from the northern city of Mosul. In Mosul 20 militants were believed to have been killed during prolonged street gunfights with security forces in the city's eastern neighborhoods. Gunmen killed a bodyguard of a senior Justice Ministry official in western Baghdad, and a police commando was killed by a roadside bomb in the central city of Samarra.
    (AP, 8/4/06)(AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 4, Israel expanded its assault on Lebanon, launching its first major attack on the Christian heartland north of Beirut and severing the last significant road link to Syria. Hezbollah renewed attacks on northern Israel, killing two civilians in a barrage of 120 rockets. An Israeli airstrike hit dozens of farm workers loading vegetables near the Lebanon-Syria border, killing as many as 33. Five Lebanese civilians were killed and 19 wounded in the Israeli airstrikes north of Beirut in Christian areas where Hezbollah has little support. Hezbollah's leader offered to stop attacking if Israel ends its airstrikes. Israeli airstrikes flattened two southern Lebanese houses and more than 50 people were buried in the rubble, security officials and the state news agency said. Israel denied attacking the villages.
    (AP, 8/4/06)(SFC, 8/5/06, p.A11)
2006        Aug 4, Israel began pulling tanks out of southern Gaza after a two-day incursion. Israeli troops conducted house-to-house searches in the southern Gaza Strip and killed three Palestinians with tanks and air strikes.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Mexico's southernmost Chiapas state a 7-year-old boy and his father died, bringing to 10 the number of people killed after eating poisonous mushrooms. Officials said recent genetic mutations have made some mushrooms, consumed for years in Indian communities, newly poisonous.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In southern Nigeria 3 Filipinos working for a US construction firm were kidnapped, a day after a German was abducted in the same region.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In northern Pakistan monsoon rains triggered fresh landslides and floods, as officials and reports said 37 people had died over the last 4 days in weather-related incidents.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, Sri Lankan troops thwarted a Tamil Tiger rebel attack in northeastern Muttur, killing 35 insurgents. The Red Cross said 6,000 to 7,000 families were still trying to flee Muttur.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(AP, 8/7/06)

2006        Aug 4, In Turkey 2 explosives detonated within minutes of each other in a southern city of Adana, seriously wounding one person and injuring 16 others.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Uganda Vincent Otti, deputy leader of The Lord's Resistance Army, said his group has declared a unilateral cease-fire, but government negotiators said they have not yet agreed to peace.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, The Ukraine Parliament named Viktor Yanukovych prime minister. His fraud-tainted 2004 presidential victory was turned back by the Orange Revolution.
    (AP, 8/4/06)

2007        Aug 4, President Bush toured the site of a collapsed highway bridge in Minneapolis, pledging to cut red tape that could delay rebuilding.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2007        Aug 4, Barry Bonds tied Hank Aaron's 755 career home runs as his San Francisco Giants lost 3-2 to the San Diego Padres.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2007        Aug 4, Alex Rodriguez became at age 32 the youngest player in major league history to hit 500 home runs with a first-inning homer in a 16-8 NY Yankee victory over Kansas City.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2007        Aug 4, In Newark, New Jersey, 3 friends were forced to kneel against a wall behind an elementary school and were shot to death at close range, and a fourth was found about 30 feet away with gunshot and knife wounds to her head. Natasha Aerial (19) was listed in fair condition at Newark's University Hospital. Police identified her companions as her brother, Terrance Aerial (18), Ofemi Hightower (20), and Deshawn Harvey (20). On Aug 7 a 15-year-old boy was arrested in the case. On Aug 8 Jose Carranza (28), an illegal immigrant from Peru, was also arrested as a suspect. Two more suspects were arrested in suburban DC on Aug 18.
    (AP, 8/6/07)(,2933,292911,00.html)(AP, 8/18/07)
2007        Aug 4, Oakland, Ca., police said they have identified Devaughndre Broussard (19), a handyman at Your Black Muslim Bakery, as the person responsible for the Aug 2, murder of journalist Chauncey Bailey. He was one of 7 men arrested a day earlier. It was later learned that Broussard falsely confessed to the killing at the urging of Yusuf Bey IV, head of the bakery. In 2011 Broussard (23) was sentenced to 25 years behind bars.
    (SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A1)(SFC, 8/21/07, p.B1)(SFC, 8/13/11, p.C2)
2007        Aug 4, Yousef Megahed (21) of Egypt and Ahmed Mohamed (24) of Kuwait, students from the Univ. of South Florida, were arrested following a speeding stop in the vicinity of the Naval Weapons Station, located in Goose Creek, South Carolina. Pipe bombs were found in their vehicle. They were later indicted for carrying explosives across state lines. In 2008 Ahmed Abdellatif Sherif Mohamed pleaded guilty in a Tampa court to making a video demonstrating how to build a remote bomb detonator to help terrorists.
    (, 9/1/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/19/08, p.A2)
2007        Aug 4, NASA launched its Phoenix Mars Lander, a robotic dirt and ice digger, scheduled to land on Mars on May 25, 2008.
    (SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A10)
2007        Aug 4, Lee Hazlewood (b.1929), songwriter, died in Henderson, Nev. His songs included “These Boots Are Made for Walkin’," sung by Nancy Sinatra in 1966.
    (SFC, 8/7/07, p.D9)(
2007        Aug 4, A suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a convoy of foreign troops just west of Kandahar city, killing two civilians who were nearby. Four civilians were killed in a roadside blast in Zhari district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 8/4/07)(AFP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, Algerian newspapers reported that the army, stepping up a counter-offensive after attacks by al Qaeda's north Africa wing, has killed around 16 of the group's fighters in the past three days.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, In Bangladesh deaths from monsoon rains topped 200, with at least 16 more fatalities reported overnight. 7.5 million people have been either marooned or displaced from their homes.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, Thousands of Brazilians marched in Sao Paulo to denounce President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's government as corrupt and indifferent.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, British PM Gordon Brown said that authorities were doing "everything in our power" to track the source of a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak and wipe out the animal illness before it wreaked economic devastation.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, A Hong Kong newspaper reported that China is cracking down on cable television operators who offer unauthorized foreign satellite broadcasts, the communist government's latest bid to maintain its monopoly on information.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi Army convoy killed one civilian and wounded five others at a busy intersection in central Baghdad. In western Baghdad a mortar round landed on a house in Ghazaliyah, killing another civilian. In northern Iraq Salim Khudaeir, a police lieutenant colonel, was gunned down on his way to work. US forces killed four suspects in a raid targeting an insurgent group believed to be coordinating logistical support from Iran for Shiite militias in Iraq. The killings took place in the town of Qasirin in Diyala province. West of Tarmiyah US troops captured 20 suspects accused of having ties to a high-ranking al-Qaida in Iraq figure. Two more suspects were also arrested for alleged ties to another leader from the same group. Four more suspects were detained for alleged involvement in a sniper cell that employed 35 gunmen. In Kirkuk five people were captured, three accused of association with an al-Qaida media cell, and two for involvement in car bomb attacks. 3 US soldiers died Saturday south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/4/07)(AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 4, In Nepal the toll from monsoon-triggered flooding and landslides stood at 91, with most of the deaths in the Terai plains region on Nepal's southern border with India.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, Javed Hashmi, one of Pakistan's top opposition leaders, was released to the raucous cheers of supporters after four years in prison and immediately vowed to resume his campaign against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf. He left prison a day after the Supreme Court granted him bail in his 23-year sentence on charges of treason and inciting an army mutiny against Musharraf. A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb at a busy bus station in Parachinar, North West Frontier Province, killing at least nine people and wounding 35 others. 4 soldiers and 10 militants were killed in a checkpoint shootout.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, Two Palestinians were killed and six wounded in an Israeli air strike on two vehicles near the southern Gaza Strip's border with Egypt.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, Zbigniew Krakowski (56), a Polish sea captain in charge of the 2,000-ton Jork, crashed his ship into an unmanned gas platform in the North Sea while drunk. The platform, owned by US firm ConocoPhillips, went out of action with losses at 615,000 pounds a month in revenue. In November Krakowski was jailed for 12 months.
    (AFP, 11/2/07)
2007        Aug 4, Serbian police exchanged fire with uniformed gunmen in an ethnic Albanian area of southern Serbia bordering the breakaway Kosovo province. One person was killed.
    (Reuters, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, Unemployment in Sierra Leone, with a population of some 6 million, stood at close to 80% with poverty and corruption widespread and endemic. The country’s Anti-Corruption Commission was now a lame duck as its $2 million annual funding was suspended by exasperated British donors.
    (Econ, 8/4/07, p.42)

2008        Aug 4, President George W. Bush signed into law legislation paving the way for Libya to pay hundreds of millions of dollars to compensate US victims of bombing attacks that Washington blames on Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, Alaska sued the US government saying its listing of polar bears as a threatened species will hurt oil exploration and tourism.
    (WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A1)(
2008        Aug 4, In SF Mayor Newsom signed into law stringent green building codes for new construction and renovations of existing structures in the city.
    (SFC, 8/5/08, p.B1)
2008        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a pair of Taliban fighters died when a mine they were planting exploded prematurely in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province. Police killed five Taliban fighters after the militants ambushed a police patrol in Kandahar’s Panjwayi district.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 4, Bangladesh held local elections that observers hailed as a success. A fire swept through a five-story building in a crowded section of the capital, Dhaka, killing at least 10 people and injuring five others.
    (AFP, 8/5/08)(AP, 8/4/08)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.42)
2008        Aug 4, In Chile Alberto Achacaz Walakial, one of the last surviving members of the nomadic Kaweskar tribe, died of blood poisoning. Government documents listed Achacaz's age at 79, but some believe he was close to 90. The tribe once plied the waters off Chile's Patagonian coast. Experts estimate that only about a dozen full-blooded Kaweskars, or Alacalufes, survive and the group appears destined to disappear in the near future as there are no women of fertile age left. Since the arrival of the first Europeans, Chile has lost five of its original 14 indigenous tribes to disease, displacement or the overuse of their natural resources.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 4, In western China 2 Uighur men rammed a truck into a clutch of jogging policemen and tossed explosives, killing 17 officers, in an attack in Kashgar, Xinjiang province, just days before the Beijing Olympics. The 2 men were sentenced to death on Dec 17.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(SFC, 8/5/08, p.A11)(AP, 12/17/08)
2008        Aug 4, Ecuador's government said it would seize a family business group's stock shares in 58 companies to help recover debts generated by the collapse of the family's former bank. The action came a little less than a month after authorities seized 200 businesses linked to the family of William and Roberto Isaias, who fled to the US in 2000 shortly after their bank collapsed.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, India announced an additional $450 million in aid for development projects in Afghanistan. PM Singh met with Afghan Pres. Karzai in New Delhi and both countries pledged to fight terrorism.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A10)
2008        Aug 4, Indian officials pledged to stop Hindus from imposing an economic blockade on the mainly Muslim Kashmir valley as tensions heightened with the deaths of protesters. Police opened fire at hundreds of stone-throwing Hindu protesters angry over a government decision to not transfer land to a Hindu shrine, killing two people. A Muslim protester was also killed by a tear gas shell.
    (AFP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/4/08)(WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A10)
2008        Aug 4, In Iran journalist Yaghoob Mirnehad was executed in the city of Zahedan after being sentenced to death earlier this year. Iran accused Mirnehad of being involved in the armed Jundallah group, which operates along the Iranian-Pakistani border. The Jundallah group, or God's Brigade, has launched attacks against Iranian soldiers and police in the area near Pakistan and Afghanistan, which is a key crossing point for narcotics.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 4, Iraqi officials reported that at least nine Iraqis died in a separate series of bombings. 2 American soldiers were killed and one was wounded by a roadside bomb in Baghdad that also killed 2 Iraqis.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, Israel's defense minister said a group of around 150 Fatah fighters who fled to Israel from the Gaza Strip will be allowed to relocate to the West Bank because they face "immediate danger" from Gaza's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, Italy’s Defense Ministry deployed some 3,000 soldiers in cities across the country as part of government measures to fight street crime.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, A Jordanian military court sentenced 12 men to up to five years in jail for planning to join Iraq's insurgency and carry out attacks against US and Iraqi forces. The five men who received the longest jail terms were at large and tried in absentia.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, A shootout between Mexican police and smugglers driving a truck carrying illegal immigrants left 2 people dead near Agua Dulce.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, A Nigerian presidential panel on oil and gas sector reform recommended that the state oil company be transformed into an "independent limited liability company."
    (AFP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, In Pakistan a remote-controlled bomb explosion struck a military convoy and wounded eight soldiers in South Waziristan. Militants torched four girls' schools, a health office and a forestry office. A senior officer said that over the past week 94 Islamist militants were killed and 14 soldiers lost in fighting in the northwestern Swat valley. At least 25 civilians and eight policemen were also killed in the fighting. Brigadier Zia Bodla said the army planned a major operation against the insurgents.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, The Philippine Supreme Court, acting on a petition by Christian politicians, blocked the signing of a key accord granting an expanded southern homeland to minority Muslims as part of a deal to end decades of bloody Islamic rebellion.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.41)
2008        Aug 4, In Venezuela changes in areas from the military to small business loans were pushed through by the president in 26 laws released in the official gazette. Chavez approved them on the final day of an 18-month period during which lawmakers had granted him special legislative powers.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2009        Aug 4, A US federal court panel ordered California to reduce its prison population by 40,000 over the next 2 years to meet constitutional standards for inmate health care.
    (SFC, 8/5/09, p.A1)
2009        Aug 4, Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., said that the SEC plans to ban so-called "flash trading," where high-frequency traders can get information just before it becomes public.
2009        Aug 4, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom signed a $6.6 billion city budget, making it the city’s biggest budget ever.
    (SFC, 8/5/09, p.D1)
2009        Aug 4, In Bridgeville, Pennsylvania, George Sodini (48) sprayed bullets into a fitness class filled with women, killing three and then himself. He kept a Web page in which he wrote about years of rejection by women and an earlier plan for violence at the gym.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a string of rockets slammed into Kabul at daybreak in the first major attack on the relatively calm Afghan capital in the run-up to this month's presidential election. A child and a man were lightly wounded when they were hit by flying glass in residential areas next to the airport, where most of the rockets landed. A suicide bomber killed five people and wounded 18 in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, Antigua's highest mountain, Boggy Peak, officially became "Mount Obama" as the small Caribbean nation celebrated the American president on his birthday and saluted him as a symbol of black achievement.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(SFC, 8/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 4, Australian police said they thwarted a terrorist plot in which extremists with ties to an al-Qaida-linked Somali Islamist group planned to invade a military base and open fire with automatic weapons until they were shot dead themselves. Some 400 officers from state and national security services took part in 19 raids on properties in Melbourne, before dawn, arresting four men and detaining several others for questioning. Police said all four arrested are Australian citizens of Somali or Lebanese descent aged between 22 and 26.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Belgium three prisoners escaped from the sprawling Palace of Justice courthouse in central Brussels when two armed men burst into a court hearing and took them with them, bringing the total to 12 over the past two weeks. Five of the escaped inmates have been caught again, but seven remained at large.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, Officials said a forest fire on the Canary Island of La Palma was brought under control and another that raged for two weeks in Spain's northern Catalonia region has been extinguished.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, China’s state media reported that police have formally arrested 83 people on charges including murder and arson in connection with last month's deadly rioting in the western region of Xinjiang.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In northern China an unfinished factory building collapsed as torrential rain hit the city of Shijiazhuang. 17 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, Haiti’s lawmakers voted to more than double the minimum wage after long hours of debate and clashes between police and protesters, who complained they can't feed and shelter their families on the current pay of about $1.75 a day.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, India’s Right to Education Act (RTE) was passed. It included provisions for the minimum size of playgrounds and the minimum level of teachers’ salaries effective in 2014. It made school attendance compulsory up to age 14.
    (Econ, 3/23/13, p.74)(Econ 6/10/17, p.39)
2009        Aug 4, In eastern India at least 11 people were killed and 15 others seriously injured after being struck by lightning in Burdwan district in West Bengal state.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, The Lithuanian ministry said that the Lithuanian-flagged refrigerator vessel Saturnas, with a crew of 14, was attacked by unidentified perpetrators off the coast of Nigeria. Five crew members were said to have been taken hostage. The attackers did not seize the vessel itself but left in a high-speed boat with the hostages. The 5 Lithuanian sailors were reported freed on Aug 14, ending their 11-day ordeal.
    (AFP, 8/4/09)(AFP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Mexico 4 bodies were found in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. In the nearby town of Llano Blanco, police chief Gerardo Silva (40) was found dead in a pickup truck, shot five times.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, NATO's governing body approved a plan to reorganize the alliance's command structure in Afghanistan by setting up a new headquarters to handle the day-to-day running of the war.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Niger clashes erupted as citizens voted in a constitutional referendum to extend President Mamadou Tandja's long rule amid low turnout after an opposition boycott in the uranium-rich African nation. On Aug 7 the Electoral Commission released provisional results saying that 92.5% of votes cast supported a new constitution that would allow President Mamadou Tandja to stay in power. About 68.3% of all registered voters participated.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 4, In North Korea former US Pres. Bill Clinton met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il on the first day of a surprise visit to Pyongyang, with the "exhaustive" talks covering a wide range of topics. Clinton was in communist North Korea on a mission to secure the release of Americans, who were arrested along the Chinese-North Korean border in March and sentenced in June to 12 years of hard labor for illegal entry and engaging in "hostile acts." After 140 days in custody, the reporters were granted a pardon by North Korea.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas launched his Fatah movement's first conference in two decades with a call for his people to limit their resistance to Israel to marches and protests and not to abandon peace talks despite years of setbacks. The 3-day general assembly’s main task was to elect a new central committee.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.42)
2009        Aug 4, Sudanese police fired tear gas and beat women protesting outside a Sudanese court during the trial of a female journalist accused of violating the Islamic dress code by wearing trousers in public. The judge adjourned Lubna Hussein's trial for a month to seek clarification from Sudan's foreign ministry.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Thailand a passenger plane skidded off the runway and crashed into a building after landing on the Thai resort island of Samui, killing the chief pilot and injuring at least seven people including foreign tourists.
    (AP, 8/4/09)

2010        Aug 4, BP PLC reached what it called a significant milestone overnight when mud that was forced down the well held back the flow of crude. A government report said much of the spilled oil is gone, though what's left is still at least quadruple the amount that poured from the Exxon Valdez.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, A judge struck down California's same-sex marriage ban as an unconstitutional violation of gay couples' civil rights, but a pending appeal of the landmark ruling could prevent gay weddings from resuming in the state any time soon.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Afghanistan NATO operations killed as many as 26 civilians. 9 civilians travelling to collect voting cards were killed in southern Helmand province when their vehicle struck an insurgent-placed roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, In China heavy rains hindered efforts by workers to repair reservoirs and place sandbags along breached riverbanks as the death toll from China's worst flooding in a decade climbed above 1,000.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, Indian police battled Maoist rebels who ambushed their patrol in dense jungle, as violence worsens in an insurgency that has seen bigger and bolder attacks on government forces this year. 5 people were killed when the rebels blasted a vehicle carrying security guards of a bank in the eastern state of Jharkhand.
    (Reuters, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Indonesia the Trisal Pratama sank shortly after a collision with another cargo vessel near Selayar island off South Sumatra province. Rescuers saved 11 people, including a 1-year-old girl, but searched the next day for nine others still missing.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Iraq a judge said Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammadi, No. 54 out of 55 on a former US military list of most-wanted Saddam officials, has been released from prison after he was found innocent of helping the former regime punish opponents by draining the country's fabled marshlands. 3 traffic policemen were killed in drive-by shootings in western Baghdad while gunmen stormed the house of a policeman, killing him, his wife and a relative.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, Israeli soldiers killed a Gaza Strip militant was killed. The Israeli military said soldiers saw a group of men approach Israel's border fence with Gaza and launched an airstrike against them before dawn. 3 other militants were wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Kashmir tens of thousands of Kashmiri Muslims marched to a town where seven people were killed over the weekend, defying a curfew in another day of massive protests against Indian rule in the Himalayan region. The Indian government warned that further "mindless violence" in Indian Kashmir could only lead to more deaths after two months of unrest that has already claimed 45 lives.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AFP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, Kenyans formed long lines before sunrise across the country to vote on a new constitution that would reduce the powers of the presidency in the nation's first ballot since postelection violence left more than 1,000 dead. 67% of Kenyans backed the new constitution to replace a British colonial-era draft that inflated the powers of the president. The new constitution provided for a wider measure of devolution to 47 new counties.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/6/10)(SFC, 8/6/10, p.A3)(Econ, 10/30/10, p.46)
2010        Aug 4, Mexican authorities said 7 bodies were found in a clandestine grave in Mazatlan, Sinaloa state. The bodies were found after an anonymous tip and showed signs of having been tortured prior to their death.
    (SFC, 8/5/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 4, In Nigeria Erastus Akingbola, ex-chief executive of Intercontinental Bank, turned himself in after returning from Britain. He was accused of taking part in corruption blamed for helping cause a financial crisis. The central bank removed a list of executives from their jobs at financial institutions, including Akingbola, in 2009 in a bid to clean up the banking sector.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a vehicle carrying the chief of a paramilitary police force in Peshawar, killing him and four others in an attack that ended a relative lull in violence in a city often targeted by the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, Moscow was engulfed by the thickest blanket of smog yet this summer, an acrid, choking haze from wildfires that have wiped out Russian forests, villages and a military base.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Edinburgh, Scotland, the 3 children Theresa Riggi (46), an American mother, were found dead after a suspected gas explosion. On Aug 6 she was charged with murder. On March 7, 2010, California-born Theresa Riggi pled guilty to a charge of culpable homicide on the grounds of diminished responsibility at the High Court in Edinburgh. On April 27, 2011, Riggi was sentenced to 16 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/7/10, p.A2)(AFP, 3/7/11)(AP, 4/27/11)
2010        Aug 4, In South Africa vigilantes used whistles and vuvuzelas, the deafening horns used by fans during the World Cup, to arouse a mob to assault and kill 3 suspected thieves in their neighborhood. The victims, suspected of stealing power cables in the Lenasia district of southern Johannesburg, were burned alive. 2 others were beaten to death for wearing stolen clothes.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, A Sudanese court sentenced 19 young Muslim men to 30 lashes and a fine for breaking moral codes by wearing women's clothes and makeup, a case exposing Sudanese sensitivity toward homosexuality.
    (Reuters, 8/4/10)

2011        Aug 4, US Congressional leaders struck a deal to resolve a partisan dispute and end a partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that has halted airport projects and threatened thousands of jobs. Congress adjourned earlier this week for its August recess but Democratic aides said the Senate will finalize the deal on Aug 4 by approving a version of the spending measure already passed by the U.S. House of Representatives.
    (Reuters, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, The US stock market finished its worst day since the financial crisis. The DJIA plunged 513 points. It was the worst day for the Dow since October 22, 2008.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, US investigators confronted Jesse Osmun in Connecticut and obtained a written confession that as a Peace Corps volunteer, he had sexually molested at least 5 girls at a South African shelter for AIDS orphans and other children. None of the girls were older than 6.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 4, A Texas jury convicted polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs (55) of child sexual assault, in a case stemming from two young followers he took as brides. Prosecutors used DNA evidence to show Jeffs fathered a child with a 15-year-old girl and played an audio recording of what they said was him sexually assaulting a 12-year-old. On Aug 9 Jeffs was sentenced to life in prison for sexually assaulting two underage girls he claimed as "spiritual" brides.
    (AP, 8/4/11)(Reuters, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 4, Computer security firms McAfee and Dell SecureWorks said Chinese hackers had attacked over 72 networks beginning in 2006. McAfee dubbed the attacks “Operation Shady RAT."
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.D6)
2011        Aug 4, NASA scientists said they have detected the first clear signs that water may be flowing on Mars. Evidence came from the HiRISE camera aboard the Reconnaissance Orbiter, which has been circling Mars for 5 years.
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.A11)
2011        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot dead a NATO service member in the east of the country, the 2nd such killing in less than a month. Another NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan. An employee with the Afghan national intelligence service was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb just outside Kunduz city. 3 children were wounded in the blast and one died on the way to hospital.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Belarus police detained Ales Belyatsky of the human rights Vesna group outside his home in the capital, Minsk, and also conducted searches in his apartment and country house, as well as the group's offices. The group criticized Lithuanian authorities for providing information on Belyatsky's activities to Belarusian police. The Lithuanian Justice Ministry said it will now cut off communication channels that were used to provide legal information to Belarus.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Britain north London police shot and killed Mark Duggan (29) during an attempted arrest in Tottenham. See August 6. The family only learned of the death of their son from watching television.
    (Econ, 8/13/11, p.51)(AFP, 8/7/11)(AFP, 2/29/12)
2011        Aug 4, In Chile riot police battled high school and university students in Santiago. Police detained 235 students demanding major changes to the underfunded and unequal public education system.
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 4, Dominican Republic authorities said they have seized more than 400 kg of cocaine hidden in crates of tobacco about to be exported to Spain.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Tropical Storm Emily brushed the southern coast of Hispaniola leaving one person dead in Haiti and three in the Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, In India a 740-foot (225-meter) vessel, which had been transporting coal from Indonesia to the western Indian state of Gujarat, sank off Mumbai. The navy rescued 30 crew members. The ship was estimated to be carrying 325 tons of fuel oil and 56 tons of diesel. By Aug 7 oil had spread over an area of 7 nautical miles and cleanup efforts were underway.
    (AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 4, An Israeli a prison services spokeswoman said Israel is to free 770 Israeli and Palestinian prisoners due to overcrowding. They included Hassan Yusef, a founder of the Islamist movement Hamas. Israel's air force carried out 3 night time raids on the Gaza Strip, wounding 3 people. The Israeli army said they had targeted 3 tunnels and an operations base in the central Gaza Strip and a fourth target in the south in response to rocket fire.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the entire 20-man police force resigned in the northern town of Ascension, Chihuahua state, after a series of attacks that killed the police chief and five officers over the last three months. The Defense Department announced that a 19-day offensive in northern states against the Zetas drug cartel had resulted in the shooting deaths of 30 alleged criminals and a soldier. Among those killed was Jorge Luis de la Pena, the Zetas boss for Nuevo Laredo. Near Monterey police found the bodies of two men each hanging by an ankle from a pedestrian bridge.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the chief prosecutor in Chiapas state said former Gov. Pablo Salazar, jailed on suspicion of embezzlement, will also face manslaughter charges involving the 2002-2003 deaths of two babies and with negligence in the deaths of 31 other newborns.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Morocco took delivery of the first of 4 of 24 F-16 fighter jets from the United States as part of its air force modernization program.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Nigeria a clash between security forces and suspected members of a radical Muslim sect left two dead in the volatile northeast. The clash came after six assailants from the Boko Haram sect detonated a bomb that blew up the median of a major Maiduguri road.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, A UN report was released that described oil destroying crops and seeping into drinking water supplies in Ogoniland, Nigeria, a region of the Niger Delta. In one case, the UN found one village where drinking water was polluted with benzene 900 times more than the international limit.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, A group of South Sudanese rebels formerly linked to militia leader Peter Gadet, who agreed to a ceasefire this week, accused him of taking government bribes and rejected the peace deal. The splinter faction (SSLM/A) disowned his accord with the government, adding that it had not affected the group, which remained with 780 officers and a force of 5,000.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Spain clashes between demonstrators, angry over the government’s austerity program, and police left 7 officers and 13 protesters injured.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 4, Syria’s Pres. Assad issued two legislative decrees that will allow the formation of political parties alongside the Baath Party and enable newly formed parties to run for parliament and local councils. Telephone and communication lines remained cut with the restive city of Hama, where a deadly military operation has been under way since July 31. Military operations were also under way in the central city of Homs, where heavy machine guns and automatic gunfire was heard throughout the night in the Bab Sbaa and Qalaa districts.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Tanzania’s Legal and Human Rights Center said police brutality has led to the deaths of 20 people in Tanzania in the first six months of this year. Five police officers were killed by civilians during the same period.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Turkey appointed commanders to posts left vacant by the resignation of the military's top brass in a dispute with the government that showcased the elected leaders' strengthening control over the once-mighty military.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Zambia's main opposition party said President Rupiah Banda is ineligible for re-election because both his parents were allegedly born outside the country. Banda, who is in his 70s, was born before Zambia gained independence in 1964.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2012        Aug 4, In Ohio John Wise (67) shot and killed his wife of 45 years in her hospital bed. Barbara Wise (65) had suffered three cerebral aneurysms that left her unable to speak. Mercy killing was not a legal defense option in Ohio. On Nov 8, 2013, John Wise was convicted of murder.
    (SFC, 11/4/13, p.A5)(SFC, 11/9/13, p.A10)
2012        Aug 4, The Afghan parliament voted to dismiss the country's defense and interior ministers, a move that threatens to throw the country's security apparatus into confusion as foreign forces withdraw. Two New Zealand soldiers were killed and six wounded in a battle in Bamiyan province.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, Minor Bollywood actress Sherlyn Chopra (28), the first Indian woman to pose naked for Playboy magazine, said she is proud to have "pushed the envelope" in a country where public nudity in any form remains largely taboo.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In India flash floods in the northern state of Uttarakhand killed at least 34 people and left hundreds of Hindu pilgrims stranded.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, Several thousand Israelis demonstrated their discontent at government austerity measures and the lack of universal military service in two separate protests in Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Libya a gunbattle over market space and a car explosion rocked the center of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Mauritania a 10-party opposition bloc signed a charter rejecting any solution to the country's political crisis that does not involve the departure of Pres. Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Off the coast of Nigeria gunmen attacked a barge belonging to oil services company Sea Trucks Group, kidnapping four foreigners and killing two Nigerian sailors. The 4 foreign oil workers were released on Aug 22.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 4, North Korean state news said floods which hit parts of North Korea in recent weeks killed 169 people and left 400 missing, sharply updating earlier casualty figures. Over 200,000 people reportedly lost their homes.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)(Econ, 8/11/12, p.33)
2012        Aug 4, Pakistan reopened the Torkham crossing, having signed a deal with the United States on July 31 allowing NATO convoys to travel into Afghanistan until the end of 2015.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 4, A Saudi policeman and an armed protester were killed in overnight clashes in the kingdom's Shiite-populated Eastern Province. the attackers were participating in a protest that took place in Qatif late on Friday.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Landlocked South Sudan said it has a struck a deal with Sudan over the exportation of oil through Sudan's pipelines. In a statement South Sudan's government said that it will pay approximately $9.48 a barrel to transport its fuel through Sudan's pipelines.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Syria heavy explosions shook Damascus and helicopters circled overhead as rebels appeared to be renewing their offensive in the city. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Syrian television presenter Mohammed al-Saeed, kidnapped from his Damascus home on July 19, has been executed. Violence nationwide reportedly killed 205 people, 115 civilians, 38 rebel fighters and 52 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Syria gunmen snatched a bus filled with 48 Iranian pilgrims from a Damascus suburb as they headed to visit a shrine holy to Shiites.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Turkish officials said the military has retired all 40 generals on trial on charges of plotting to overthrow the Muslim-led government.
    (SSFC, 8/5/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 4, Turkey reported the defection of another Syrian general, along with five colonels, who came over the border with a group of refugees.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In south Yemen a suspected Al-Qaeda suicide bombing in Jaar left 45 people dead. A suspected US drone strike in the east late in the day and killed five Al-Qaeda militants.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In southern Zambia coal miners killed a Chinese mine manager and injured his colleague in a riot over wages at the Collum Coal mine in Sinazongwe known for tensions with the Chinese investor.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2013        Aug 4, In southern California Nathan Louis Campbell (38) drove into a crowd of people at the Venice Beach boardwalk and then fled the scene. Alice Gruppioni (32), an Italian woman on her honeymoon was killed. 11 others were injured. Campbell turned himself in a few hours later.
    (SFC, 8/5/13, p.A3)
2013        Aug 4, In northern California Sandra Coke (50) was last seen leaving her North Oakland home. On Aug 9 her body was found off I-80 in Vacaville. Randy Alana (56), a parolee and sex offender who had dated Coke, was arrested on Aug 6. On June 18, 2015, Alana was sentenced to 131 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A10)(SFC, 6/19/15, p.D1)
2013        Aug 4, In South Carolina a small plane crashed near a subdivision in Conway killing all 3 people aboard.
    (SFC, 8/5/13, p.A3)
2013        Aug 4, In Afghanistan lawyer Abdul Qayyum, who prosecuted Taliban militants, was seriously wounded by a roadside bomb in Jalalabad.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In Brazil 25 police officers were found guilty of killing 52 inmates during the 1992 riot at Sap Paulo’s Carandiru prison. Each officer was sentenced to a prison term of 624 years.
    (SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 4, It was reported that nearly 35,000 disappearances have taken place in the city and state of Rio de Janeiro.
    (SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 4, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani took the oath of office before parliament in Tehran. He was expected later in the day to name a cabinet he said would be chosen from figures across the political spectrum.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck an army patrol near the northern city of Mosul, killing 3 soldiers. In Tikrit a car bomb killed judge Sajid Abdul-Amir as he was driving to his work. In eastern Baghdad, 2 people were killed in a blast in a commercial street. Mortar rounds landed on houses in Baghdad’s western suburbs, killing two people.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, The Israeli Cabinet expanded its list of West Bank settlements eligible for government subsidies, a decision that came just days after the resumption of long-frozen peace talks and drew quick Palestinian condemnation.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In Kuwait a new cabinet was sworn in before the emir, Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah. It included six members of the royal family and one member of parliament.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In northeast Nigeria at least 35 people were killed in two separate gun battles between security forces and Islamist sect Boko Haram in Borno state. 12 soldiers and 7 police officers were also killed in the attacks. Momodu Bama, 2nd in command of Boko Haram, was killed along with 17 other members of the sect during clashes in Bama.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)(AP, 8/10/13)(Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 4, Syria’s government announced that traders who price goods in foreign currency will face up to 10 years in jail in a move aimed at stemming the increasing dollarization of an economy crippled by two years of civil war. Rebels attacked government outposts in the Jabal al-Akrad hills. At least 32 government troops and militiamen and at least 19 rebels, including foreign fighters, died in the fighting.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)(AP, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 4, Jihadi-led rebel fighters in Syria killed at least 190 civilians and abducted more than 200 during an offensive against pro-regime villages in Latakia province. Human Rights Watch issued a report on the attacks on Oct 11.
    (AP, 10/11/13)
2013        Aug 4, Tunisian police shot dead an Islamist militant in Tunis and arrested several suspected militants, as the government grappled with growing security and political crises. One soldier was killed and seven others wounded by a landmine near the Algerian border, where security forces have been hunting Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, African leaders meeting in Uganda said the Somali city of Kismayo "should be handed over" to the central government, a decision that puts pressure on Kenyan troops who face charges of backing a powerful militia in the disputed port city.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, Yemen's Nobel Peace Prize winner Tawakkul Karman was denied entry into Egypt after she landed at Cairo airport. She has stated her opposition to the military coup that ousted fellow Islamist Mohammed Morsi on July 3 and was sent back on a flight that brought her to Cairo from the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2014        Aug 4, Pres. Obama opened a 3-day summit in Washington DC for more than 40 African heads of state as hundreds gathered outside the State Dept. to denounce some of the leaders as torturers and killers.
    (SFC, 8/5/14, p.A6)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.19)
2014        Aug 4, The US federal government said that the NYC Dept. of corrections has systematically violated the civil rights of male teenagers at Rikers Island by failing to protect them from rampant use of unnecessary and excessive force by correction officers.
    (SFC, 8/5/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 4, Jim Brady (b.1940), the White House Press Sec. under Ronald Reagan, died. He became an advocate of gun control after he, Pres. Reagan and two others were shot by John W. Hinckley Jr. on March 30, 1981. A Virginia medical examiner soon ruled his death as a homicide.
    (SFC, 8/5/14, p.A6)(SFC, 8/9/14, p.A5)
2014        Aug 4, In Ohio John Crawford III (22) was fatally shot by two white policemen inside a Wal-Mart store in the Dayton suburb of Beavercreek. Police responded after a caller said a man was waving a gun; they say Crawford refused orders to put down an air rifle. A grand jury concluded that the shooting was justified. On Dec 16 Crawford’s family filed a federal lawsuit charging negligence and violation of civil rights.
    (AP, 8/30/14)(SFC, 12/17/14, p.A10)(
2014        Aug 4, Azerbaijan and Armenia both reported more losses in a sharp escalation of fighting over the South Caucasus region Nagorno-Karabakh, with 18 soldiers now confirmed dead.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In Bangladesh the M.V. Pinak ferry, licensed at 85 capacity, capsized in the Padma river southwest of Dhaka with about 200 passengers on board. About 100 people were rescued with 19 bodies recovered and at least 125 presumed dead. Police soon launched a hunt for the captain and crew members.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)(SFC, 8/5/14, p.A2)(SFC, 8/7/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 4, China’s state media said the government is offering more than 300 million yuan ($49 million) for residents of Xinjiang, the homeland of mainly Muslim Uighurs, who help a crackdown on "terrorists." A total of 4.23 million yuan was already handed out to individuals and government agencies who helped in the killing and capture of 10 "suspected terrorists" in Hotan prefecture last week.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, China's smog-plagued capital announced plans to ban the use of coal by the end of 2020 as the country fights deadly levels of pollution, especially in major cities.
    (AP, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, Egypt said it plans to build a new Suez Canal alongside the existing 145-year-old historic waterway in a multi-billion dollar project aimed at expanding trade along the fastest shipping route between Europe and Asia.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, Germany's Economy Ministry confirmed it has halted Rheinmetall's export of combat simulation gear to Russia, going beyond recently imposed EU sanctions which block future defense contracts.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Ghana asked the IMF for help after its currency, the cedi, fell by a third against the dollar since the start of this year.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.61)
2014        Aug 4, A senior Iranian official said Hamas is able to fire missiles into Israel because Tehran provided weapons technology to the militant group to defend itself against Israeli attacks.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Baghdad's air force and Kurdish fighters from Syria joined forces with Iraq's embattled peshmerga to push back jihadists whose latest attacks sent thousands of civilians running for their lives.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In a predawn air strike, Israel killed Danyal Mansour, a senior commander of Islamic Jihad, a Palestinian group fighting alongside Hamas, just hours ahead of a seven-hour truce announced by Israel. 10 Palestinians were reported killed in Israeli strikes throughout the Gaza Strip. Palestinians and Israel accused each other of breaking a seven-hour ceasefire intended to allow humanitarian aid into the battered Gaza Strip soon after it came into force. A Palestinian killed an Israeli and overturned a bus with a construction vehicle and a gunman wounded a soldier in attacks in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 8/4/14)(Reuters, 8/4/14)(AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In eastern Lebanon thousands of civilians and Syrian refugees crammed into cars and pickup trucks fled Arsal as troops battled al-Qaida-linked militants from neighboring Syria who overran the border region. Several days of fighting killed 19 soldiers, 16 civilians and dozens of jihadists.
    (AP, 8/4/14)(AFP, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 4, Libya's newly elected parliament met in Tobruk and held its first formal session as armed factions continued to battle for dominance.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Nigerian authorities said that a doctor in Lagos who treated a Liberian victim of Ebola has contracted the virus, the second confirmed case in sub-Saharan Africa's largest city.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In Pakistan a bomb killed religious leader Faqir Jamshed and two of his guards as they traveled to a celebration at a Sufi shrine near the city of Dera Ismail Khan.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Palestinian groups including envoys of Hamas and Islamic Jihad held their first formal meeting in Cairo with Egyptian mediators hoping to secure a durable ceasefire with Israel after more than three weeks of fighting. Israel declined to send its envoys.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Saudi authorities in Arar beheaded a Nepalese housemaid convicted of murdering a two-year-old boy by slitting his throat. Saudi national Hamad al-Ahmadi was decapitated in Medina for stabbing his wife to death while she was asleep.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Ukraine said 5 government soldiers were killed and 15 wounded over the last 24 hours in fighting in the east where Kiev forces recaptured an important railway hub from pro-Russian rebels. Ukraine acknowledged that 311 soldiers and border guards had been forced by fighting with separatists to cross into Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)(AP, 8/4/14)(Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, The World Bank said that it would provide up to $200 million to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to help the west African nations contain the deadly outbreak.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In Yemen 4 soldiers were killed in ambushes in Hadramawt province.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)

2015        Aug 4, In Connecticut Jeffrey and Jeanette Navin went missing in Easton. Their bodies were found on Oct 29 outside a vacant home in Weston. Police soon arrested their son Kyle (27) and his girlfriend Jennifer Valiante (31). The parents had planned to cut Kyle out of their will.
    (SSFC, 11/1/15, p.A16)
2015        Aug 4, NYC officials said the number of people sickened by Legionnaires’ disease in the Bronx has climbed to 86. Water cooling towers were thought to be the source of the problem, which has left 7 elderly people dead.
    (SFC, 8/5/15, p.A6)
2015        Aug 4, The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee said it will pay $21 million top more than 300 victims of clergy abuse in a settlement that would end a four-year bankruptcy proceeding.
    (SFC, 8/5/15, p.A6)
2015        Aug 4, The Arab League condemned Turkey's actions and called on Ankara to recognize the sovereignty of Iraq. The Arab League also called on Turkey and Iraq to increase cooperation in order to try and preserve peace. Qatar however, distanced itself from the Arab League declaration.
    (AFP, 8/5/15)
2015        Aug 4, ASEAN countries backed a US call to halt land reclamation in the South China Sea, underlining unease in the region over Beijing's continued expansion on disputed islands.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Taliban official Syed Mohammad Tayab Agha announced he was stepping down as director of the Political Office in the Qatari capital Doha, originally set up to enable the Taliban to negotiate in any peace process. His resignation came amid a growing leadership struggle in the Afghan insurgent movement after the news of the death of leader Mullah Mohammad Omar last week.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Cameroon said it has expelled more than 3,000 Nigerians as part of the fight against Nigeria's Islamic extremists who have launched attacks across borders. 9 people were killed and about 50 others were believed kidnapped by suspected Boko Haram militants in an overnight raid on Tchakarmari village near the northern border. Dozens of children and teenagers who were thought to have been kidnapped by Islamic extremists returned home on August 6 after having avoided being abducted.
    (AP, 8/4/15)(Reuters, 8/4/15)(AFP, 8/5/15)(AP, 8/7/15)
2015        Aug 4, China’s Catholic Church ordained Joseph Zhang Yinlin as coadjutor bishop of Anyang, Hebei province. The appointment was approved by the Vatican.
    (    (Econ, 4/9/15, p.45)
2015        Aug 4, In Egypt militants in the restive northern Sinai shelled a house near a security checkpoint early today, killing an entire family of 5 members inside it and wounding nine of their neighbors.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, The EU and Vietnam announced a free trade deal removing nearly all tariffs, with Brussels calling it a "milestone" on the way to a region-wide agreement with Southeast Asia.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Migrants in France made hundreds of attempts overnight to penetrate the Channel Tunnel to get to Britain overnight, as an unidentified "anomaly" in the tunnel slowed traffic.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, In India 12 people were killed early today when an old building on the outskirts of Mumbai collapsed after days of heavy rain.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, In Kashmir Pakistani and Indian border guards traded gunfire and mortar shells along their disputed border, killing two Pakistanis and an Indian.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Kosovo lawmakers approved a law overnight to set up a special war crimes court paving the way for indictments to be filed against top wartime leaders and current politicians. A day earlier the assembly amended the constitution so that the court could be created.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Kosovo police said they have arrested three people suspected of committing cyber crimes, following a joint investigation with the US Federal Bureau of Investigation.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Kuwait reported that the Interior Ministry will soon prepare a DNA database of all persons living or visiting the country.
    (SSFC, 8/9/15, p.A4)
2015        Aug 4, Around 250 Latvian nationalists picketed the Riga’s main government building to protest against EU plans to resettle refugees from Africa and the Middle East. The Baltic state has agreed to take in 250 refugees over two years under the EU's controversial plan to distribute 40,000 migrants across the 28-country bloc.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Liberian state radio said 14 men from Sierra Leone illegally mining for gold fell victim to a landslide last week. They were trapped under rubble and were presumed dead.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Macedonia’s PM Vladimir Pesevski said overnight flash floods killed at least 4 people, including 3 children, and injured a dozen others as landslides, power outages and road damage followed a storm in the northwest of the country.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, In Pakistan Shafqat Hussain was this morning executed, despite widespread calls, both within and outside the country, for a stay. School records showed was 17 in 2004 when he was burnt with cigarettes and had fingernails removed until he confessed to killing a child. His family said he was 14 at the time.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, In the southern Philippines flash floods caused by heavy rain killed at least 7 people, including 4 children. Two others remain missing.
    (AP, 8/5/15)
2015        Aug 4, Russia pressed a claim at the UN for an additional 1.2 million square km (463,000 square miles) of Arctic shelf, an area of escalating international tension.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Russia tightened controls on imports of cut flowers from the Netherlands, a move that comes amid a strain in ties over the downing of a Malaysia Airlines plane in Ukraine.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Russia's PM Dmitry Medvedev ordered preparation of retaliatory measures against several non-EU European nations that have joined the European Union's sanctions against Russia. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Montenegro, Albania, Moldova and Ukraine joined the EU sanctions last week.
    (AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Russian police broke into a family apartment in Nizhny Novgorod and found the bodies of the six children and their mother hacked to pieces. Oleg Belov was detained on suspicion of carrying out the murders. A woman (52), identified as Belov's mother, was found hacked to pieces, in the neighboring Vladimir region. Local media said Belov was unemployed and lived on disability payments after being diagnosed with schizophrenia.
    (AFP, 8/5/15)
2015        Aug 4, A South African judge threw out a corruption case against firebrand politician Julius Malema after three years of delays, giving a major boost to President Jacob Zuma's fiercest critic.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Al-Qaeda's Syria affiliate captured at least five more US-trained rebel fighters in overnight raids in northwestern village of Qah.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Thailand police said they have arrested five people suspected of trafficking Thai women into sex slavery in China and believed to be part of a ring that has also trafficked women into Malaysia and Singapore.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Two Turkish soldiers and an armed guard were killed in a blast from a homemade mine planted by Kurdish militants in Sirnak province. Turkish warplanes pounded suspected Kurdish rebel targets near Daglica, Hakkari province, in retaliation to a rebel mortar attack at a military base which wounded a 6-year-old girl. Kurdish militants attacked Turkey's Shah Deniz pipeline carrying natural gas from Azerbaijan, but the blast did not impact supply as flow had already been halted for maintenance.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)(AP, 8/4/15)
2015        Aug 4, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said that health services in Yemen were "nearing collapse", with pregnant women dying for lack of transport and hospitals under fire from snipers.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)

2016        Aug 4, In San Francisco a federal court sentenced Raymond “Shrimp Boy" Chow (56) to life in prison for racketeering and murder following an 8-week trial.
    (SFC, 8/5/16, p.A1)
2016        Aug 4, In California Stockton Mayor Anthony Silva was arrested on charges that he supplied alcohol to underage counselors at acity run youth camp and surreptitiously recorded a group of young people playing strip poker in Silva’s bedroom in 2015. Silva denied the charges.
    (SFC, 8/5/16, p.D1)
2016        Aug 4, New York federal prosecutors unveiled an indictment charging 46 defendants of crimes ranging from extortion to illegal gambling throughout the East Coast.
    (SFC, 8/5/16, p.A5)
2016        Aug 4, A Pakistani helicopter crash-landed in Afghanistan in Taliban-held territory in Logar province and all passengers and crew were missing and feared captured by insurgents. The Afghan Taliban released all five Pakistanis and one Russian crew member on August 13.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)(Reuters, 8/13/16)
2016        Aug 4, In Argentina pot banging protests took place across the country as higher energy bills landed in consumer post boxes.
    (Econ, 8/13/16, p.23)
2016        Aug 4, Hurricane Earl, packing 130 km (80 mile) per hour winds and heavy rain, made landfall in Central America near Belize City, where officials warned of likely flooding and damage to homes. Earl was soon downgraded to a tropical storm.
    (AFP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Britain's central bank moved to stem the economic fallout from the vote to leave the European union, approving its first interest rate cut since the global financial crisis as part of a broader stimulus package. The Bank of England cut its key rate to 0.25 percent from a previous record low of 0.5 percent.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, China sentenced Zhou Shifeng, a prominent civil rights lawyer, to seven years in prison on charges of subversion.
    (SFC, 8/5/16, p.A2)
2016        Aug 4, The European Union extended its civilian mission in Libya by a year and allocated a $18.92 million budget for the task.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, A German federal court said a person with a genetic abnormality who identifies as neither woman nor man can't be entered in Germany's birth register under an alternative label such as "inter" or "diverse." The plaintiff planned to go to Germany's highest court, the Federal Constitutional Court.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Israel's internal security agency said Mohammed el-Halabi, a senior employee of the international aid group World Vision in the Gaza Strip, siphoned off millions of dollars of the charity's funds and transferred them to the Islamic militant group Hamas, assisting it in building tunnels and purchasing arms. El-Halabi was arrested in June as he was crossing from Israel into Gaza.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Italy's anti-corruption authority (ANAC) confirmed that it is investigating Rome's public rubbish management agency as concerns grew that waste problems plaguing the capital could turn critical.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Aid agencies said they have delivered a month's worth of food and supplies this week to more than 75,000 Syrians stuck on Jordan's sealed border, using cranes to lift bags from the Jordanian side over an earthen barrier along the frontier.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Kenyan police charged a British national with trafficking nearly 100 kg (220 pounds) of cocaine that was impounded last week at the country's main seaport. Jack Alexander Wolf Marrian denied the charge in court. A Kenyan, Roy Francis Mwanthi, was charged separately with trafficking the cocaine. It was not clear what happened to a third suspect, also Kenyan.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, A court in Kazakhstan ordered the release on parole of opposition activist Vladimir Kozlov, after spending nearly five years in jail accused of participating in a failed attempt to overthrow the government.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Kosovo's government ratified a border demarcation agreement with neighboring Montenegro, despite disapproval from the opposition. The government sent the deal to the Parliament, which was expected to concur.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Montenegro's police arrested Vlado Zmajevic (47) suspected of killing at least six ethnic Albanians, including two women, in a Kosovo village in 1999.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, A Pakistani helicopter crash-landed in Afghanistan in Taliban-held territory in Logar province and all passengers and crew were missing and feared captured by insurgents. The Afghan Taliban released all five Pakistanis and one Russian crew member on August 13.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)(Reuters, 8/13/16)
2016        Aug 4, In the Philippines top broadcaster, ABS-CBN, reported that 603 people had been killed since Duterte's May election, with 211 murdered by unidentified gunmen.
    (AFP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, South Africa's opposition Democratic Alliance led in three major cities as votes were counted in local elections, threatening to deal the biggest electoral blow to the African National Congress since the end of apartheid two decades ago.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Tajikistan said it has meted out jail terms to 170 people convicted of complicity in an armed attempt by a deputy defence minister to topple President Imomali Rakhmon last September.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, A court in Turkey issued a formal warrant for the arrest of US-based Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen, who the government accuses of being behind the failed July 15 coup that left more than 270 people dead.
    (AP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, Uganda's Police raided a night club late today where a Gay Pride event was underway and arrested at least 15 people, accusing them of staging an illegal gathering and promoting homosexuality.
    (Reuters, 8/5/16)
2016        Aug 4, The UN refugee agency said it has received reports that the Islamic State group may have captured up to 3,000 Iraqis who were fleeing violence and that 12 of them may have been killed.
    (AP, 8/5/16)

2017        Aug 4, Dozens of Yemenis and Iranians who won the chance to immigrate to the United States sued the US State Department for not processing their visa applications after President Donald Trump's temporary travel ban was reinstated.
    (Reuters, 8/5/17)
2017        Aug 4, In Michigan Volkswagen AG executive Oliver Schmidt pleaded guilty in US District Court in Detroit in connection with a massive diesel emissions scandal that has cost the German automaker as much as $25 billion. Schmidt faced up to seven years in prison and a fine of between $40,000 and $400,000.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, Martin Shkreli, accused of defrauding his hedge fund investors and a pharmaceutical company, was convicted in New York on three of eight counts. He faced up to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/5/17, p.D1)
2017        Aug 4, Afghan security forces retook a district center in the eastern province of Paktia, following a sequence of fighting with Taliban insurgents that has seen control over a series of strongpoints change hands in recent days.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, A British judge refused to extradite a London-based Russian businessman who is accused of organizing the killing of a retail tycoon in his homeland, saying there was little solid evidence against him. Russian officials say Georgy Shuppe (46) arranged the January 2014 murder of Alexander Mineev, who was shot 22 times with a Kalashnikov rifle on the outskirts of Moscow.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, Britain lifted a ban on personal electronic devices for flights from Amman's Queen Alia International Airport to the United Kingdom.
    (AFP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In eastern Congo DRC a group of Twa pygmies attacked the Luba, a Bantu ethnic group, near Kalemi, in Tanganyika province. More than 50 people were killed in clashes between the ethnic groups.
    (Reuters, 8/6/17)
2017        Aug 4, Ethiopia arrested Alemayehu Gujo, its state minister for finance, on suspicion of corruption. This was part of an anti-graft drive that the government says has led to dozens of arrests in the last two weeks. Zayed Woldegabriel, the Director General of the Ethiopian Roads Authority. was also detained.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, A district in central Indonesia said it has invited the army, police and local hunters to help battle bands of wild long-tailed macaque monkeys, which were raiding plantations and attacking villagers in Boyolali district in central Java.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, Iraqi officials said troops have found a mass grave in the western city of Ramadi containing the bodies of 40 men believed to have been executed by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In southeastern Ivory Coast about 20 gunmen in military uniforms attacked a police station early today, temporarily shutting officers inside and stealing weapons.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, Japanese automakers Toyota Motor Corp. and Mazda Motor Corp. said they plan to spend $1.6 billion to jointly build auto manufacturing plant in the US, a move that will create up to 4,000 jobs.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In Kenya John Aristotle Phillips, the CEO of US-based campaign data company Aristotle, Inc, was detained and faced deportation along with Canadian staffer Andreas Katsouris. The two men were assisting opposition candidate Raila Odinga with issues including strategy and data analysis and had chosen to get involved in the Kenyan election because they thought it had the potential for irregularities.
    (AP, 8/5/17)
2017        Aug 4, Popular Kenyan televangelist Gilbert Deya was extradited from Britain to face charges of child trafficking amid accusations that he stole children, including newborn babies, to prove miracles.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, Myanmar security forces fired warning shots to disperse some 600 Muslim villagers while they were arresting four suspected insurgents in a western region where government troops have been accused of human rights violations against Rohingya minority.
    (AP, 8/5/17)
2017        Aug 4, Romania's Social Democrat-led government said it would cap special pensions for the military and secret services to keep spending in check.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, A Russian court extended probation for opposition leader Alexei Navalny by one year, a sentence that should bar him from running for office until at least 2021.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In eastern Russia rescuers at Alrosa’s Mir diamond mine in the Sakha region searched for 9 miners still unaccounted for after water leaked into an underground shaft with more than 100 workers inside. One of nine missing was rescued the next day. On Aug 26 Alrosa said it has called off the search for the missing miners.
    (AFP, 8/4/17)(AP, 8/5/17)(AP, 8/26/17)
2017        Aug 4, Rwanda held presidential elections. Incumbent leader Paul Kagame (59) swept to a landslide victory.
    (AP, 8/4/17)(Reuters, 8/5/17)
2017        Aug 4, Singapore said it had canceled the permanent residence status of Huang Jing, a professor at a prominent postgraduate school, whom it identified as a US citizen and accused him of being an agent of influence for a foreign country. The ruling also applied to Huang's wife, Shirley Yang Xiuping, and meant that if the couple leave Singapore they will not be able to re-enter.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In Spain holidaymakers faced delays and long queues at Barcelona's El Prat airport, the first day of strikes by security staff that may be stepped up in coming weeks.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In Sri Lanka thousands of students from state-run universities finished a five-day march across the country, demanding the government shut down the private South Asian Institute of Technology and Medicine, the only private university training medical students. Doctors and students say privatizing education could jeopardize the country's tradition of state-funded education.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In northern Sweden an employee at Orsa Rovdjurspark, one of Europe's largest predator parks, died of bite wounds after being attacked by a bear. The 2-year-old bear was euthanized after the attack.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In northern Syria the heaviest fighting and shelling for months hit Hama province, but there were diverging accounts of how the battle started.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In Syria Russian military police deployed north of the central city of Homs, setting up checkpoints and observation points as part of a cease-fire in a third safe zone, but opposition activists said the truce was violated by government forces.
    (AP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In Switzerland a Piper PA28 plane crash at a summer camp killed two 14-year-old campers and the pilot, while leaving a third teenager seriously injured.
    (AFP, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, Venezuela returned opposition leader Antonio Ledezma from prison to his home. Venezuela’s government inaugurated a new legislative superbody authorized to expand the powers of leftist President Nicolas Maduro. Chief prosecutor Luisa Ortega Diaz said it was fraudulently elected.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)(Reuters, 8/5/17)
2017        Aug 4, Residents said Yemeni troops and armor have pushed al Qaeda militants out of main cities in Shabwa, regaining government control over the southern province for the first time in years. 12 civilians were reported killed in two airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition in Saada province.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)(AP, 8/4/17)

2018        Aug 4, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pledged to provide nearly $300 million in new security funding for Southeast Asia. Pompeo unveiled the figure on the sidelines of a meeting in Singapore of foreign ministers from the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Alaska a small sight-seeing plane crashed on Thunder Mountain in Denali National Park. 4 people were killed and a fifth was missing.
    (SFC, 8/7/18, p.A4)
2018        Aug 4, In northern California a ninth person died in a wildfire, as a couple of other fast-growing wildfires in the state expanded by more than 25 percent overnight and continued to spread. The Carr fire, about 162 miles (261 km) north of Sacramento, claimed the life of a power company lineman. The Mendocino Complex burned in Mendocino, Lake and Colusa counties and covered 229,000 acres (92,600 hectares) and was considered 32 percent contained.
    (AP, 8/5/18)(SFC, 8/6/18, p.A1)
2018        Aug 4, Bryce Carlson (37) arrived at St. Mary's in the Isles of Scilly, off England's southwestern tip, late today, 38 days, six hours and 49 minutes after setting out from St. John's, Newfoundland, setting a record for a west-to-east crossing. The high school science teacher from Cincinnati, Ohio, rowed solo across the Atlantic Ocean. The previous record was 53 days, eight hours and 26 minutes.
    (AP, 8/5/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Texas the estranged wife of Jean Pierre Ndossoka found their two children fatally stabbed at a Houston home. The next day police found Ndossoka (61) with a self-inflicted guinshot wound in his car. He was expected to survive.
    (SFC, 8/6/18, p.A4)
2018        Aug 4, Bangladesh police fired tear gas and used batons in Dhaka to disperse hundreds of protesting students angry over the traffic deaths of two fellow students, leaving many people injured.
    (AP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Brazil the Workers' Party named jailed former Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva as its nominee for the country's top job.
    (SSFC, 8/5/18, p.A4)
2018        Aug 4, It was reported that China plans to add a range of cancer drugs to medicines eligible for reimbursement from the government. Xinhua news agency added that negotiations on pricing with manufacturers should be finished by the end of September.
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, Ethiopian soldiers traded fire with members of local government security forces in the country's eastern Somali region after central authorities sought to arrest regional officials.
    (AP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In France a spokesman said EDF has halted four nuclear reactors at three power plants because of the current heatwave affecting Europe.
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Germany Sahra Wagenknecht one of the country's most prominent left-wing politicians, launched a website for the "Aufstehen" ("Stand Up") movement, with a full official launch to follow next month. Wagenknecht is a divisive figure even within her own party, in part for taking a skeptical position on migration.
    (AP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, Indonesian police arrested Australian Brandon Johnson (43) and his Indonesian girlfriend at a rented room in the tourist hotspot of Kuta on Bali Island. Police reportedly found 11.6 grams of cocaine packed into 13 plastic bags. Johnson faced between five and 20 years in prison if found guilty.
    (AP, 8/9/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Iran sporadic protests took place in cities for a fourth day, with demonstrators attacking a Shi'ite seminary west of Tehran, as Iranians brace for a return of US sanctions.
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, Iraq's government said areas under cultivation have halved this summer compared to last year due to a drought that has led to a ban on water intensive crops.
    (AFP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Israel tens of thousands of the Druze minority along with their Jewish supporters rallied in Tel Aviv against a new law that critics say sidelines non-Jewish citizens.
    (SSFC, 8/5/18, p.A4)
2018        Aug 4, The Israeli navy said it has intercepted a Swedish-flagged activist boat bent on breaching its blockade of Gaza, the second in less than a week. The vessel, named Freedom for Gaza and carrying 12 people, was taken to the Israeli port of Ashdod.
    (AFP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Kashmir a young man was killed and two other people wounded when India's army fired at a funeral of a rebel in the suburbs of southern Shopian town.
    (AP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, Top Asian diplomats pressed North Korea to turn a pledge to completely dismantle its nuclear arsenal into reality amid concerns that it's proceeding with its programs.
    (AP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, Palestinian teen Muadh al-Suri (15) died of his wounds a day after he was shot by Israeli troops during clashes on the Gaza border.
    (AFP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In southern Portugal more than 740 firefighters battled a forest fire as temperatures climbed to near record highs in the Iberian Peninsula amid a Europe-wide heatwave that has brought drought and wildfires from Greece to Sweden. Lisbon broke a 37-year-old record to notch its hottest temperature ever as an unrelenting heat wave baked Portugal and neighboring Spain. Heat records were set in 26 places around Portugal. The capital reached 44 degrees Celsius (111.2 F) this afternoon, surpassing the city's previous record of 43 C (109.4 F) set in 1981.
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)(AP, 8/5/18)
2018        Aug 4, Russia's Defence Ministry confirmed that it had proposed cooperating with the United States on Syrian refugees and de-mining in a letter sent to the top US general in July.
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, Russian police arrested 30 LGBT activists in Saint Petersburg during a coordinated demonstration defending the rights of sexual minorities.
    (AFP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, A Russian helicopter crashed shortly after takeoff in Siberia, killing all 18 people aboard, mostly oil workers.
    (AP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, Saudi Arabia said that it was resuming oil shipments through the Bab al-Mandab Strait, ending a 10-day suspension triggered by rebel attacks off the coast of Yemen.
    (AFP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In South Korea tens of thousands of women staged a mass rally in Seoul to protest against spycam porn, urging tougher punishments for peeping Toms as anger over the growing scourge boils over.
    (AFP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Switzerland several people died after a small plane crashed in a forest this morning, causing a forest fire that completely destroyed the plane in the Rengg mountain pass of Nidwalden canton.
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Switzerland a small vintage trimotor Junker JU-52 aircraft crashed ion the west side of the Piz Segnas mountain, Grissons canton. Three Austrians and 17 Swiss were aboard aircraft when it crashed. The 1930s-era military aircraft was used by tourist flight operator JU-Air.
    (Reuters, 8/5/18)(Reuters, 11/20/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Syria Aziz Esber, a research director at a military agency linked to the country's chemical weapons program, was assassinated late today. Israel was suspected of carrying out the car bomb attack.
    (AP, 8/5/18)(Reuters, 8/5/18)
2018        Aug 4, Turkey's Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the assets of two US officials will be frozen in retaliation for US sanctions against Turkey's justice and interior ministers over the detention of American pastor Andrew Craig Brunson.
    (AP, 8/4/18)
2018        Aug 4, In Venezuela a drone blast hit during a military event where President Nicolas Maduro was speaking. Seven soldiers were wounded by explosive-laden drones during a military parade in Caracas A little known group called the "National Movement of Soldiers in T-shirts" soon claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 8/5/18)(AFP, 8/5/18)

2019        Aug 4, In California Jazmin Paramo (24) crashed her SUV into two motorcycles while driving the wrong way killing four people on the bikes in Tulare County. Paramo was charged with driving under the influence.
    (SFC, 8/6/19, p.A4)
2019        Aug 4, In Ohio a gunman wearing body armor shot and killed nine people at a popular nightlife area in Dayton. Police were patrolling the area and killed the suspect. The shooter, later identified as Connor Betts (24), carried a .223-caliber rifle and additional high-capacity magazines. The victims included the shooter’s younger sister, Megan Betts (22). Classmates of the gunman later said he had been suspended from Bellbrook High School in 2012 for compiling a "hit list" of those he wanted to kill and a "rape list" of girls he wanted to sexually assault.
    (AP, 8/4/19)(AP, 8/5/19)
2019        Aug 4, In Austria two young girls, ages 1 and 4 died, after a driver slammed into the trailer they were being pulled in behind their mother's electric moped.
    (AP, 8/5/19)
2019        Aug 4, In London a French child (5) was airlifted to a hospital after plummeting five stories to a roof. Jonty Bravery (17) was soon held on a charge of attempted murder for allegedly throwing the boy from a 10th-floor viewing gallery at London's Tate Modern museum.  Bravery was later diagnosed with features of psychopathy and personality disorders. On June 26, 2020 a judge ruled that he spend at least 15 years in custody for attempted murder.
    (AP, 8/6/19)(SSFC, 6/28/20, p.A4)
2019        Aug 4, In Cambodia Nuon Chea (93), the chief ideologue of the communist Khmer Rouge regime that destroyed a generation of Cambodians, died. He was known as Brother No. 2, the right-hand man of Pol Pot, the leader of the regime that ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979.
    (AP, 8/4/19)
2019        Aug 4, In Egypt a multiple-car crash on a Cairo street in front of the country’s main cancer hospital set off an explosion that triggered a fire outside the building, killing a total of 20 people.
    (AP, 8/5/19)
2019        Aug 4, French inventor Franky Zapata succeeded in crossing the English Channel on a jet-powered hoverboard he designed, zooming over the Strait of Dover in just over 20 minutes.
    (Reuters, 8/5/19)
2019        Aug 4, Hong Kong police fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of anti-government protesters after violent clashes a day earlier, and Beijing said it would not let the situation persist.
    (Reuters, 8/4/19)
2019        Aug 4, In Indonesia a widespread 8-hour blackout hit Jakarta and other parts of Java island affecting tens of millions of people. State power company PLN estimated it would take several hours to restore power to Jakarta after a major blackout, blaming technical issues for cutting power to tens of millions of people in the capital and surrounding provinces.
    (Reuters, 8/4/19)(SFC, 8/5/19, p.A2)
2019        Aug 4, A drone air strike by eastern Libyan forces on the southern Libyan town of Murzuq killed at least 43 people. The LNA said in a statement its strike had targeted "Chadian opposition fighters", a phrase that usually refers to Tebu tribesmen opposing them in the area.
    (Reuters, 8/5/19)
2019        Aug 4, In Malaysia Irish teenager Nora Anne Quoirin (15) was reported missing from her room, a day after her family arrived at the hill resort near the town of Seremban. On August 13 her unclothed body was reported found near a stream about 2.5 km (1.6 miles) from the resort. Police said missing Nora Quoirin likely starved to death after spending a week in the Malaysian jungle on her own. On Jan 4, 2020, a coroner ruled that her death was most likely a “misadventure" and there was no criminal involvement.
    (Reuters, 8/6/19)(Reuters, 8/13/19)(The Telegraph, 8/15/19)(The Telegraph, 1/4/21)
2019        Aug 4, Sudan's pro-democracy movement signed a power-sharing agreement with the ruling military council aimed at paving the way for a transition to civilian rule following the overthrow of President Omar al-Bashir in April.
    (AP, 8/4/19)
2019        Aug 4, The UN World Food Program (WFP) said it reached an agreement with Yemen's rebels to resume food deliveries to rebel-controlled parts of the country after suspending the aid for over a month.
    (AP, 8/4/19)

2020        Aug 4, President Donald Trump signed legislation that will devote nearly $3 billion a year to conservation projects, outdoor recreation and maintenance of national parks and other public lands following its overwhelming approval by both parties in Congress.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, In an abrupt reversal, President Donald Trump encouraged voters in the critical swing state of Florida to vote by mail after months of criticizing the practice, and only days after threatening to sue Nevada over a new vote-by-mail law.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a call to action to warn of a potential outbreak between the end of this summer and winter of Acute flaccid myelitis, a rare, but potentially lethal disease that affects young children, where seeking medical attention right away could make all the difference.
    (Good Morning America, 8/5/20)
2020        Aug 4, Tropical Storm Isaias spawned tornadoes and dumped rain along the US East Coast after making landfall as a hurricane in North Carolina, where it smashed boats together and caused floods and fires that displaced dozens of people. One person in Maryland, one in Connecticut, one in New York and two others in North Carolina died as a result of the storm.
    (AP, 8/4/20)(Good Morning America, 8/5/20)
2020        Aug 4, Self-driving-car engineer Anthony Levandowski was sentenced to 18 months in prison by a federal judge in San Francisco, after pleading guilty to one count of trade secret theft in May. In 2021 Donald Trump pardoned Levandowski in the final hours of his administration.
    (Business Insider, 8/4/20)(SFC, 1/21/21, p.C1)
2020         Aug 4, California to date had 523,564 cases of coronavirus and 9,615 deaths. The SF Bay Area had 56,887 cases and 856 deaths. Total cases nationwide reached over 4,765,170 with the death toll at 156,668.
    (, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Drew Drechsel, known as “The Real Life Ninja" on NBC’s “American Ninja Warrior," was arrested at his home in Saint Cloud, Florida. He is accused of manufacturing child porn, enticing a minor to travel for sex and use of interstate commerce to entice a minor.
    (Miami Herald, 8/5/20)
2020        Aug 4, Chicago rapper Carlton Weekly (26) was killed in a triple shooting in the city's upscale community of Gold Coast. Weekly had performed as FBG Duck and rapped about gun violence. His last video, "Dead Bitches," was released in July.
    (AP, 8/5/20)(Econ., 9/5/20, p.71)
2020        Aug 4, Mississippi Gov. Tate Reeves said that he is setting a statewide order for people to wear masks in public amid a recent surge in confirmed coronavirus cases.
    (SFC, 8/5/20, p.A6)
2020        Aug 4, In Missouri Cori Bush (44), a onetime homeless woman who led protests following a white police officer's fatal shooting of a Black 18-year-old in Ferguson, ousted longtime Rep. William Lacy Clay in the Democratic primary, ending a political dynasty that has spanned more than a half-century.
    (AP, 8/5/20)
2020        Aug 4, Missouri became the 38th state to approve the expansion of Medicaid under Obamacare as voters approved the measure in a referendum conducted concurrently with the state’s primary.
    (Yahoo News, 8/5/20)(SFC, 8/6/20, p.A6)
2020        Aug 4, Frances Allen, American computer scientist and researcher, died at a nursing home in Schenectady, NY. She helped create the fundamental ideas that allow practically anyone to build fast, efficient and useful software for computers, smartphones and websites
    (NY Times, 8/8/20)
2020        Aug 4, Medical device maker Abiomed Inc said the US Food and Drug Administration granted its left-sided heart pumps emergency use authorization to help patients suffering from COVID-19-related heart and lung failures.
    (Reuters, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Veru Inc., an oncology and urology biopharmaceutical company with a focus on developing novel medicines for the management of prostate cancer, announced that it has confirmed in an in vitro study that VERU-111 has anti-inflammatory action against the key cytokines involved in the cytokine storm triggered by the SARS-CoV-2 infection.
    (Global Newswire, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Argentina reached a deal with creditors as the country recorded 166 COVID-19 deaths, a daily record.
    (Econ., 8/8/20, p.26)
2020        Aug 4, The government of Brazil said an eighth minister in President Jair Bolsonaro's Cabinet has tested positive for the new coronavirus. Brazil has confirmed more than 2.8 million cases of the virus since the pandemic began. The official death toll has risen to 94,665, with 51,603 new cases and 1,154 deaths in the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Indonesia said it will have capacity to produce 250 million doses a year of a coronavirus vaccine by the end of 2020 pending trials on humans, as the country seeks to halt a wave of infections that has shown no sign of relent. Indonesia has confirmed 115,056 cases of COVID-19 and 5,388 deaths since its first infections in March.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Iran confirmed over 2,700 new COVID-19 infections, its highest single-day count in more than a month, as the health ministry called for those without masks to be fined. The latest count takes the total cases identified in Iran since late February to 314,786. Another 212 people died from the virus during the past 24 hours, bringing the overall toll to 17,617.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Dozens of Lebanese protesters tried to storm the Ministry of Energy, angered by prolonged power cuts as the country grapples with a crippling economic crisis. The highly-indebted government is facing a rapid inflation, soaring unemployment and poverty, made worse by the coronavirus pandemic.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, In Lebanon an explosion in Beirut killed at least 160 people and injured some 6,000 others. The blast appears to have been caused by the ignition of a stockpile of 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate, a chemical used in fertilizers and explosives, that had been stored at the port since 2013 when it was seized from the MV Rhosus, a Russian-owned cargo ship. 640 historic buildings were damaged.
    (AP, 8/5/20)(SFC, 8/6/20, p.A2)(AP, 8/7/20)(AP, 8/9/20)(Econ., 8/8/20, p.35)(Econ., 9/26/20, p.46)
2020        Aug 4, The chemical tanker Etienne rescued a group of 27 would-be refugees at the request of Maltese authorities as the migrants’ fishing boat sank. Malta, however, refused to let the migrants disembark and the Etienne has been stuck in international waters 17 miles off the small European Union island nation as food and water supplies are running low.
    (AP, 9/6/20)
2020        Aug 4, Dutch health authorities said new confirmed coronavirus cases nearly doubled in the Netherlands over the past week to 2,588.
    (Reuters, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, A Pakistani court sparked outrage by ruling a 14-year-old Christian girl was legally married to a Muslim man who allegedly abducted her at gunpoint. The Lahore High Court ruled that Maira Shahbaz had willingly converted to Islam and married Mohamad Nakash.
    (The Telegraph, 8/5/20)
2020        Aug 4, Philippine police deployed road blocks to enforce a tough new lockdown on about 28 million people in the capital Manila and nearby provinces as the Southeast Asian country reported the region's biggest daily rise in coronavirus cases. The health ministry reported 6,352 new cases. Total infections rose to 112,593 with rising to roughly 2,100.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Taiwan said it provisionally approved the use of dexamethasone, a cheap and widely-used steroid, to treat the new coronavirus, as the island faces a shortfall of the antiviral drug remdesivir after the United States bought nearly all global supplies. Taiwan has reported 476 cases of the new coronavirus, including seven deaths.
    (Reuters, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, Turkey reported 1,083 new coronavirus cases and 18 deaths bringing the total infections to nearly 235,000 and deaths to 5,765.
    (SFC, 8/5/20, p.A6)
2020        Aug 4, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the coronavirus pandemic has led to the largest disruption of education in history, with schools closed in more than 160 countries in mid-July, affecting over 1 billion students.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, The UN International Labor Organization welcomed a global agreement to combat the worst forms of child labor as the first time all of its member states have ratified a convention — in a process that lasted 21 years.
    (AP, 8/4/20)
2020        Aug 4, In Venezuela the Nicolás Maduro regime promoted Interior Minister Néstor Reverol to General in Chief, even though the officer is charged by federal prosecutors in New York with accepting large bribes in exchange for protecting drug shipments to the United States.
    (Miami Herald, 8/5/20)
2020        Aug 4, Zimbabwe's Pres. Mnangagwa called the main opposition party "Terrorist," and vowed to "flush out" his opponents as anger with his government grows over alleged corruption and economic mismanagement.
    (BBC, 8/4/20)(SFC, 8/5/20, p.A2)

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