Today in History - June 1

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 The Atlantic hurricane season begins.
 (HFA, '96, p.32)

For Asian History:

193AD        Jun 1, The Roman Emperor, Marcus Didius (61), was murdered in his palace.
    (HN, 6/1/99)(MC, 6/1/02)

1495          Jun 1, The first written record of Scotch Whiskey appeared in the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland. Friar John Cor was the distiller.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1533        Jun 1, Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII, was crowned as Queen Consort of England.
    (AP, 6/1/08)

1563        Jun 1, Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, Chief Minister of England, was born.
    (HN, 6/1/99)

1568        Jun 1, Duke of Alba beheaded 18 nobles in Brussels. (MC, 6/1/02)

1638         Jun 1, The first earthquake was recorded in the U.S. at Plymouth, Mass. The first US earthquake on record with significant human consequence was recorded on Aug 31, 1886, with the loss of some 100 lives in Charleston, S.C. Its massive effect spread through many eastern States.
    (DT internet 6/1/97)(

1657        Jun 1, 1st Quakers arrived in New Amsterdam (NY). (MC, 6/1/02)

1676        Jun 1, The Swedish ship Svardet, armed with 86 bronze canons and under command of Claes Uggla, went under when Sweden was defeated by a Danish-Dutch fleet in the Battle of Öland. In 2011 Deep Sea Productions said it believed it had found the ship off the island of Oland.
    (AP, 11/16/11)(

1679        Jun 1, Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beat the Scottish. (MC, 6/1/02)

1711        Jun 1, The Queen Anne Act, known as The British Post Office Act of 1710, took effect in North America on June 1, 1711. It created a formula that was used to improve the colonial postal system and remained in effect in North America until 1789. Colonists came to view the postal rates set forth in the act as an excessive and unwelcome form of taxation. The rates were revised by a later act, which took effect on October 10, 1765.

1757        Jun 1, Ignaz J. Pleyel, Austrian composer, piano builder (Piano method), was born. (MC, 6/1/02)

1774         Jun 1, The Boston Port Bill, the first bill of the Intolerable Acts (called by the Colonists) became effective. It closed Boston harbor until restitution for the destroyed tea was made (passed Mar. 25, 1774).
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(HN, 6/1/98)

1783        Jun 1, Last British troops sailed from New York. (MC, 6/1/02)
1783        Jun 1, Charles Byrne (22), known as the Irish giant, died. Standing at seven feet seven inches tall (2.3 meters) he was a celebrity in his own lifetime. When he died the renowned surgeon and anatomist John Hunter was keen to acquire his skeleton. Byrne wanted to be buried at sea. The surgeon managed to bribe one of the Irishman's friends and took his body before it could be laid to rest in the English Channel. Hunter boiled Byrne's body down to a skeleton and it became a key feature of his anatomy collection. In 2011 Experts called for the skeleton to be buried at sea, as Byrne wanted.
    (AP, 12/21/11)(

1789         Jun 1, Congress passed its first act which mandated the procedure for administering oaths of public office.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(HN, 6/1/98)

1792         Jun 1, Kentucky became the 15th state of the Union.
     (AP, 6/1/97)

1794        Jun 1, English fleet under Richard Earl Howe defeated the French. (MC, 6/1/02)

1796         Jun 1, Tennessee became the 16th state of the Union.
    (AP, 6/1/97)
1796         Jun 1, In accordance with the Jay Treaty, all British troops were withdrawn from U.S. soil.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1801        Jun 1, Mormon leader Brigham Young (d.1877), the second president of the Mormon Church, was born in Whitingham, Vt.
    (AP, 6/1/97)

1808        Jun 1, The first US land-grant university was founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1812        Jun 1, American navy captain James Lawrence, mortally wounded in a naval engagement with the British, exhorts to the crew of his vessel, the Chesapeake, "Don't give up the ship!"
    (HN, 6/1/00)
1813         Jun 1, The U.S. Navy gained its motto as the mortally wounded commander of the U.S. frigate "Chesapeake", Captain James Lawrence (b.1871) was heard to say, "Don't give up the ship!", during a losing battle with a British frigate "Shannon"; his ship was captured by the British frigate.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(AP, 6/1/98)

1814        Jun 1, Philip Kearney, Union Civil War general, was born. He was killed at the Battle of Chantilly, Virginia.
    (HN, 6/1/99)

1815        Jun 1, James Gillray (b.1757), British caricaturist and printmaker, died. He is famous for his etched political and social satires, mainly published between 1792 and 1810.
    (, 12/19/09, p.99)

1818        Jun 1, Mathematician James Camak demarcated the border between Georgia and Tennessee. Due to a faulty sextant and bad astronomical charts he drew the line a mile south of the intended boundary, the 35th parallel.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, p.42)(

1831        Jun 1, John B. Hood Confederate Civil War general, was born.
    (HN, 6/1/98)

1836        Jun 1, In NYC the doors of the luxurious Astor House hotel opened to the public. It was a near copy on a grander scale of the earlier, fashionable Trement House in Boston, also designed by Isaiah Rogers.

1843        Jun 1, Sojourner Truth left NY to beg in her career as antislavery activist.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1843         Jun 1, It snowed in Buffalo and Rochester N.Y., and also in Cleveland Ohio.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1845         Jun 1, A homing pigeon completed an 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1855        Jun 1, William Walker (1824-1860), US adventurer, stormed into Granada, Nicaragua. On July 12, 1857, he declared himself president. Walker reestablished slavery and planned an 18-mile canal from Lake Nicaragua to the Pacific. (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F4)(

1861         Jun 1, The US and the Confederacy simultaneously stopped mail interchange.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1861         Jun 1, The first skirmish in the Civil War was at Fairfax Court House, Arlington Mills, Va.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(HN, 6/1/98)
1861         Jun 1, British territorial waters & ports were put off-limits during Civil War.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1862         Jun 1, Slavery was abolished in all U.S. possessions.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1862        Jun 1, Confederate Pres. Jefferson Davis appointed General Robert E. Lee as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, following the injury a day earlier of General Joe Johnston at Seven Pines (Fair Oaks).

1864        Jun 1, Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, began as Lee tried to turn Grant's flank.
    (HN, 6/1/98)
1864        Jun 1-Nov, Shenandoah Valley campaign began. (MC, 6/1/02)
1864        Jun 1, Hong Xiuquan (b.1814), leader of the Taiping Heavenly Army, died from poisoning. At the time of his death his led over 100,000 troops and controlled an area bigger than France. In 1996 Jonathan Spence authored “God’s Chinese Son," a biography of Xiuquan, who believed himself to be God’s second son.
    (WSJ, 8/18/07, p.P9)(

1868         Jun 1, The Texas constitutional convention met in Austin.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1868        Jun 1, James Buchanan (b. Apr 23, 1791), the 15th president of the United States, died near Lancaster, Pa. He was the only US president to have never married. In 1961 Philip Shreiver Klein authored "President James Buchanan: A Biography."
    (AP, 6/1/97)(ON, 12/00, p.12)

1869         Jun 1, The Electric Voting Machine was patented by Thomas A. Edison.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1871        Jun 1, Korea’s Yongdu Fortress fired at a US fleet as it sailed up the Ganghwa Straits, which leads to the Han river. Some 650 Marines launched the first US invasion of Korea following a failed attempt by diplomats to open the Hermit Kingdom to trade. In the end, the Americans won the battle militarily, but lost diplomatically.
    (, 10/07, p.57)

1877        Jun 1, The Society of American Artists was formed.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1877         Jun 1, U.S. troops were authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(HN, 6/1/98)

1878        Jun 1, John Masefield (d.1967), England's 15th poet laureate, was born. "To most of us the future seems unsure. But then it always has been; and we who have seen great changes must have great hopes."
    (AP, 1/1/00)(HN, 6/1/01)(MC, 6/1/02)

1880         Jun 1, The first pay telephone was installed in the Yale Bank Building in New Haven, Conn.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1880         Jun 1, The U.S. census stood at 50,155,783.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1888         Jun 1, California got its first seismographs as three of the devices were installed at the Lick Observatory at Mount Hamilton, Ca.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1889        Jun 1, The first non-stop train to Istanbul left Paris (Gare de l'Est). The train's eastern terminus became Varna in Bulgaria, where passengers could take a ship to Constantinople.
    (Econ, 12/19/15, p.67)

1890         Jun 1, The US census stood at 62,622,250. The US government used the Jean Baptiste Pacard card punch to tabulate the results of the census. Herman Hollerith designed a system that used a machine with a sorter. Hollerith formed a firm that eventually became IBM.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(SFC, 8/5/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 10/15/01, p.R23)(WSJ, 11/12/04, p.W10)

1893        Jun 1, "Falstaff," the last opera by Giuseppe Verdi, was produced in Berlin.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(SFEM, 9/10/00, p.20)

1898        Jun 1, The US battleship Oregon, having steamed around Cape Horn from San Francisco, took part in the blockade of Santiago Bay, Cuba.
    (, 4/18/15, p.C2)
1898        Jun 1, Molly Picon, comic actress and singer, was born.
    (HN, 6/1/01)

1901        Jun 1, John van Druten, English playwright (I am a Camera), was born.
    (HN, 6/1/01)

1907        Jun 1, Frank A. Whittle, England inventor (jet engine), was born. (MC, 6/1/02)
1907         Jun 1, -27 degrees F (-33 degrees C) in Sarmiento, Argentina, a South American record.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1909        Jun 1, Pres. William Howard Taft touched a key in Washington, DC, sending a signal to Seattle, opening the Alaska-Yukon Pacific Expo at the Seattle World’s Fair, as well as a signal to NYC initialing the New York to Seattle Automobile Race.
    (AH, 6/03, p.18)
1909        Jun 1, Guido Deiro, European vaudeville star, introduced the "fizarmonica systema piano" at the Alaskan Exposition in Seattle, Washington. He was contracted by the Ranco Antonio Accordion Company of Italy and is credited with naming the instrument “piano accordion." His brother Pietro Deiro was the first to play the accordion in San Francisco.

1915        Jun 1, Germany conducted the first zeppelin air raid over England. [see May 10, 31]
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(HN, 6/1/98)
1915        Jun 1, A forced exodus [of Armenians] from Baibourt [Turkey] took place. All the villages, as well as three-fourths of the town, had already been evacuated. A 3rd convoy included from 4,000 to 5,000 people. Within six or seven days from the start, all males down to below fifteen years of age had been murdered.

1916        Jun 1, The National Defense Act increased the strength of the U.S. National Guard by 450,000 men. The legislation set up uniform standards for training, unit size and required all enlistees to take a dual oath to obey the state’s governor and the US president.
    (HN, 6/1/98)(SFC, 5/17/06, p.A11)

1926         Jun 1, Ignacy Mocicki was elected president of Poland.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1926        Jun 1, Actress Marilyn Monroe (d.Aug 5, 1962), (born as Norma Jean Mortenson, later Norma Jean Baker), was born in Los Angeles. "I don't mind living in a man's world as long as I can be a woman in it."
    (AP, 6/1/97)(AP, 8/5/99)(HN, 6/1/01)

1927        Jun 1, The Delta King steamboat made its maiden voyage from SF to Sacramento, Ca. Its twin, the Delta Queen, followed the next day. The 81-mile trip took nearly all night. Stan Garvey later authored "The King and Queen of the River." The last Sacramento River voyages were made in 1940. In 1969 Tom Horton (1940-2006), a columnist for the Sacramento Union, led a band of civic pirates to bring the languishing boat back from Stockton to Sacramento, where it was transformed to a waterfront hotel, theater and restaurant.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A18)
1927        Jun 1, Lizzie Borden (b.1860), a murder suspect in the 1892 murders of her father and stepmother, died in Fall River, Massachusetts.
    (, 9/8/17 p.A6)

1932        Jun 1, Christopher Lasch, American social critic and writer, was born.
    (HN, 6/1/01)

1935         Jun 1, Driving test and license plates were introduced in England.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1936         Jun 1, The Queen Mary arrived in N.Y. on its maiden voyage.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1938        Jun 1, Superman made his first appearance in D.C. Comics’ Action Comics Series issue #1, published by Romania-born American Harry Donenfeld (1893-1965). The comic book sold for 10 cents. By 1995 surviving copies sold for over $75,000. Jerry Siegel (b.1914) and Joe Shuster (b.1914) created Superman in 1933. In 2001 Bradford W. Wright authored "Comic Book Nation," a history of comic books. In 2009 a copy of the first Superman comic book sold for 317,200 dollars at an auction.
    (, 6/2/96, p.T-11)(WSJ, 5/23/01, p.A24)(AFP, 3/14/09)(

1939        Jun 1, The Douglas DC-4 made its first passenger flight from Chicago to New York.
    (HN, 6/1/98)
1939         Jun 1, Submarine Thetis: sank in Liverpool Bay, England; 99 perished.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1940        Jun 1, Rene Auberjonois, actor (Clayton-Benson, Star Trek Deep Space 9), was born. (MC, 6/1/02)
1940        Jun 1, German air attacks at Dunkirk sank 31 vessels and damaged 11. The HMS Worcester limped back to Dover with 340 dead and 400 wounded. By midnight 64,429 men were landed safely in England.
    (ON, 8/12, p.4)

1941         Jun 1, British troops occupied Baghdad, Iraq.
1941         Jun 1, Germany banned all Catholic publications.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1941        Jun 1, The German Army completed the capture of Crete as the Allied evacuation ended.
    (HN, 6/1/99)

1942        Jun 1, America began sending Lend-Lease materials to the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 6/1/98)
1942        Jun 1, The US Supreme Court, in Skinner v. Oklahoma ex rel. Williamson, struck down Oklahoma’s Habitual Criminal Sterilization Act.
    (WSJ, 9/25/08, p.A18)(

1943         Jun 1, A civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all those aboard, including actor Leslie Howard (b.1893). Howard was killed over the Bay of Biscay, when the British Overseas plane he was on was shot down by Luftwaffe fighters. His last on-screen role was that of Spitfire designer R. J. Mitchell in the 1942 film "The First of the Few" (released in the U.S. as a trimmed version entitled Spitfire in 1948). Leslie Howard, perhaps best remembered to modern filmgoers as Ashley Wilkes in "Gone With The Wind" (1939), was a World War I veteran who was advised to take up acting as therapy after he was mustered out for shell shock. He found success throughout the 1930s, but with the outbreak of World War II, devoted himself to the war effort--directing films, writing and broadcasting on the radio.
    (AP, 6/1/98)(HNQ, 3/23/01)

1944        Jun 1, The British Broadcasting Corp. broadcasted a line of poetry by the 19th century French poet Paul Verlaine. It was a coded message intended to warn the French resistance that the D-Day invasion was imminent, "The long sobs of the violins of autumn."
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1944         Jun 1, Gen'ls. Montgomery, Patton, Bradley, Dempsey and Crerar met in Portsmouth.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1947         Jun 1, The OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbanded.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1947         Jun 1, The development of photosensitive glass was announced in Corning, N.Y.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1948        Jun 1, "We The People", TV Talk Show, radio from '36; debuted on CBS.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1948         Jun 1, Israel & the Arabs agreed to a cease fire.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1949        Jun 1, KSL TV channel 5 in Salt Lake City, UT (CBS) begins broadcasting.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1949         Jun 1, The first magazine on microfilm is offered to subscribers by Newsweek.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1951         Jun 1, The first self-contained titanium plant opened in Henderson Nevada.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1955        Jun 1, The TV series "Front Row Center" debuted on CBS.
1955        Jun 1, The 3-day Messina Conference opened in Sicily. This conference of the foreign ministers of the six member states of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) led to the creation of the European Economic Community in 1958.
    (, 10/17/15, SR p.7)

1956        Jun 1, Doris Day signed a five-year recording contract with Columbia Re
    accords worth $1 million.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1958        Jun 1, "Youth Wants To Know", TV Public Affairs; last aired on NBC. Apparently, they didn't want to know.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1958         Jun 1, Charles de Gaulle became premier of France, marking the beginning of the end of the Fourth Republic and the beginning of the Fifth Republic. France, on the verge of civil war over Algeria, called De Gaulle out of retirement.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1958)(AP, 6/1/08)(Econ., 3/21/15, p.44)

1959        Jun 1, "Juke Box Jury" began its long run on BBC-TV.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1959        Jun 1, R.C., "The Battle Of New Orleans" by Johnny Horton peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart and stayed there for six weeks.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1959        Jun 1, R.C., "Frankie Man's Johnny" by Johnny Cash peaked at #57 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1959        Jun 1, American Smelting & Refining, Corn Products Refining, National Steel and National Distillers & Chemical Corp. were removed from the DJIA. Anaconda Copper, Swift & Co., Aluminum Co. of America and Owens-Illinois Glass were added as a components of the Dow Jones.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45,46)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1960        Jun 1, The ABC Television Network reached 100 affiliates.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1961        Jun 1, R.C., "Surrender" by Elvis Presley peaked at #1 on the U.K. pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1961        Jun 1, FM multiplex stereo broadcasting was 1st heard. (MC, 6/1/02)

1962        Jun 1, "The Dinah Shore Show" (TV Variety) aired for the last time on NBC after 10 years.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1962         Jun 1, USAF Maj. Robert M White took the X-15 to 40,420 m.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1962        Jun 1, The Conference of African Writers of English Expression opened at Makerere, Uganda. The CIA was the original funder of the Makerere conference in an effort to influence the eventual decolonization of east Africa.
    (, 10/22/16, p.75)

1963        Jun 1, R.C., "El Watusi" by Ray Barreto peaked at #17 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1963        Jun 1, R.C., "I Love You Because" by Al Martino peaked at #3 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1963        Jun 1, R.C., "It's My Party" by Lesley Gore peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1963        Jun 1, R.C., "Two Faces Have I" by Lou Christie peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1963        Jun 1, Governor George Wallace vowed to defy an injunction ordering integration of the University of Alabama.
    (HN, 6/1/98)
1963        Jun 1, Kenya assumed internal self rule. This was later celebrated as Madaraka Day.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, p.P3)

1964        Jun 1, The Beatles released the single "Sweet Georgia Brown"/"Take Out Some Insurance On Me Baby."
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1964        Jun 1, The Rolling Stones arrived in the U.S. for the first time, landing at Kennedy Airport in New York. Their first date was at a high school stadium in MA.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1964        Jun 1, Dolly Parton spent her first day in Nashville in search of a record deal.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1965         Jun 1, A. Penzias and R. Wilson detected a 3 degree (Kelvin) microwave primordial background radiation.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.335)(DTnet, 6/1/97)
1965        Jun 1-2, The 2nd of 2 cyclones in less than a month killed 35,000 along the Ganges River in East Pakistan.
1965         Jun 1, Near Fukuoka, Japan, a coal mine explosion killed 236.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1966        Jun 1, George Harrison is impressed by Ravi Shankar's concert in London.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1966         Jun 1, 2,400 persons attend White House Conference on Civil Rights. 1990 Dow Jones Avg. hits a record high of 2,900.97.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1967        Jun 1, "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band," was released in the U.K. and the following day in the U.S. and was certified "gold" the same day of release. It topped the charts all over the world, holding the number one slot in Britain for 27 weeks and for 19 in America. It received four Grammys including Best Album.
    (AP, 6/1/97)
1967         Jun 1, In Israel pressure from the army and a threat by some parties to quit the governing coalition forced PM Levi Eshkol to bring in Moshe Dayan as defense minister.
    (, 5/26/07, p.43)

1968        Jun 1, The British television series "The Prisoner," starring Patrick McGoohan, had its American premiere on CBS.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
1968        Jun 1, Author-lecturer Helen Keller (87), who earned a college degree despite being blind and deaf most of her life, died in Westport, Conn. In 1980 Joseph Lash published "Helen and Teacher," the story of Helen Keller and Annie Sullivan.
    (AP, 6/1/97)(SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.3)

1970        Jun 1, The Canadian dollar was allowed to float.

1971        Jun 1, The two-room shack in Tupelo, Mississippi, where Elvis Presley was born, was opened to the public as a tourist attraction.
1971        Jun 1, Harold Pinter's play "Old Times" premiered in London.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.81)(
1971        Jun 1, Reinhold Niebuhr (b.1892), US theologist, died. His Serenity Prayer became widely used by Alcoholics Anonymous: "God, give us grace to accept with serenity the things that cannot be changed, courage to change the things which should be changed, and the wisdom to distinguish the one from the other." His books included “Moral Man and Immoral Society" (1932) and “Nature & Destiny of Man" (1942).  (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.F2)(WSJ, 12/29/07, p.W8)

1972        Jun 1, Iraq nationalized the Iraq Petroleum Company controlled by British, American, Dutch and French oil companies.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A10)(

1973        Jun 1, Paul McCartney & Wings released "Live & Let Die"
1973        Jun 1, Harvey Jr. Firestone (b.1898), American chairman of Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., died in Akron, Ohio.
.    (,_Jr.)
1973        Jun 1, Mary A. Kornman (b.1915), leading child actress in “Our Gang" (1922-1926) died.
    {Film Star, kids, USA}

1974        Jun 1, The song "Midnight At The Oasis" by Maria Muldaur peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
1974        Jun 1, The song "Oh Very Young" by Cat Stevens peaked at #10 on the pop singles chart.

1975        Jun 1, The Rolling Stones opened their North American Tour in Baton Rouge, Louisiana with Ron Wood (b.1947) replacing Mick Taylor (b.1949) as the lead guitarist. Other cities they played in included, Kansas City, Milwaukee, St. Paul, Cleveland, Buffalo, Toronto, New York, Philadelphia, Memphis, Dallas, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta, and Jacksonville.

1977         Jun 1, The Soviet Union formally charged Jewish human rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason. In 1978 he was convicted and imprisoned. In 1986 he was released to the West.
    (AP, 6/1/97)

1978        Jun 1, The East Wing of the national Gallery of Art designed by I.M. Pei (b.1917) was dedicated to the people of the US.
1978        Jun 1, The TV Crime Drama "Baretta," starring Robert Blake, aired for the last time on ABC. It was first telecast on Jan 17, 1975.

1979        Jun 1, Paul McCartney and Wings released "Old Siam, Sir" on its Back to the Egg album.
1979        Jun 1, Janice Holt Giles (b.1905), American historical novelist, died. Her 13 novels included "Hannah Fowler" and "The Believers."
    (WSJ, 7/29/99, p.A24)(
1979        Jun 1, Werner Forssman (b.1904), German urologist, (Nobel 1956), died. He was the first to catheterize a human heart. In 1929, at the age of 25, while doing his surgical training at Eberswalde, a small town near Berlin, he introduced a ureteral catheter into his own right atrium. Using a mirror he advanced the catheter under fluoroscopic control and then climbed the stairs to the x ray department where a chest film was taken.
1979         Jun 1, The Government of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia took office under the internal settlement negotiated between the government of Rhodesia and moderate African nationalists. Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa (b.1925) served as the first prime minister under Pres. Josiah Zion Gumede.

1980        Jun 1, Ted Turner's Cable News Network (CNN), providing round-the-clock TV newscasts, made its debut as television's first all-news service, vowing to stay on the air until the world ends. James Earl Jones, the voice of Darth Vader, identified the station: "This is CNN." In 2001 Reese Schonfeld, the man who cofounded CNN, authored "Me and Ted Against the World." "Moneyline" TV Financial News debut on CNN.
    (AP, 6/1/97)(WSJ, 2/23/00, p.W10)(
1980        Jun 1, Barbra Streisand appeared at an ACLU Benefit in Calif.

1981        Jun 1, The China Daily newspaper was launched as China’s first English-language daily.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.62)(

1982        Jun 1, The Rolling Stones released their "Still Life" album.
1982        Jun 1, The Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats came into effect.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.9)(

1984        Jun 1, "Tattletales" second run, TV Game Show; last aired on CBS.
1984         Jun 1, President Ronald Reagan visited Ireland.

1985        Jun 1, The song "Axel F" by Harold Faltermeyer peaked at #3 on the pop singles chart.
1985         Jun 1, In his Saturday radio address, President Reagan, saying special interests in Washington were trying to "pick apart" his tax overhaul plan, asked for Americans' support.
1985        Jun 1, The first phone call was made on Vodafone United Kingdom's analogue network. This event was staged, due to a network failure; the first calls were actually being made the next day. Sir Christopher Gent founded Vodaphone, a British mobile phone operator. The company name was coined from a combination of voice and data.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.57)(

1986        Jun 1, "The Mystery of Edwin Drood" and "I'm Not Rappaport" won the Tony Awards for best musical and best play on Broadway.

1987        Jun 1, The 20th anniversary of the release of "Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" was marked by the release of the CD in the U.K.
1987        Jun 1, Vice President George Bush addressed the Third International Conference on AIDS in Washington, and, like President Reagan before him, drew scattered boos by calling for more widespread testing for possible carriers of the AIDS virus.
    (AP, 6/1/97)
1987        Jun 1, In Lebanon PM Rachid Karami was killed by a remote controlled bomb that blew up his helicopter off the Lebanese coast. In 1996 former Christian faction leader Samir Geagea was charged for the murder. In 2005 lawmakers approved motions to pardon Geagea.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.A9)(

1988         Jun 1, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded their Moscow summit by exchanging documents of ratification of the intermediate-range nuclear arms treaty they'd signed the previous December.
    (AP, 6/1/98)

1989        Jun 1, Former Sunday school teacher John E. List, sought for 18 years in the slayings of his mother, wife and three children in Westfield, N.J., was arrested in Richmond, Va. List was later sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 6/1/99)

1990        Jun 1, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S.  Gorbachev signed more than a dozen bilateral accords in the second day of their Washington summit. Meanwhile, Barbara Bush and Raisa Gorbachev traveled to Wellesley College in Massachusetts to deliver commencement addresses.
    (AP, 6/1/00)
1990        Jun 1, E! Entertainment Television was launched.
1990        Jun 1, The Dow Jones Avg. hit a record high of 2,900.97.

1991        Jun 1, "Silent Lucidity" by Queensryche peaked at #5 on the pop singles chart.
1991        Jun 1, The United States and the Soviet Union resolved differences over the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty, clearing the way for a superpower summit.
    (AP, 6/1/01)
1991        Jun 1, NASA scrubbed the launch of the space shuttle "Columbia" after a navigational unit failed.
    (AP, 6/1/01)

1992        Jun 1, The US Treasury Department, responding to UN sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia, froze an estimated $200 million in assets of the Serb-led Yugoslav government.
    (AP, 6/1/97)
1992        The Pittsburgh Penguins completed a four-game sweep of the Chicago Blackhawks to win hockey's Stanley Cup for the second straight year.
    (AP, 6/1/97)
1992         Jun 1, The E-Bulb Lamp, a 20-year light bulb, was introduced by Pierre Villere.
1992        Jun 1, In Kljuc, Bosnia, local Serbs rounded up Muslims and shot them. About 200 bodies were buried at the cave at Laniste and uncovered in 1996.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A10)

1993        Jun 1, Connie Chung joined Dan Rather as co-anchor of the "CBS Evening News". She was dropped from the show two years later in May, 1995.
1993        Jun 1, The US Supreme Court ruled that a criminal conviction must be overturned if the jury received a constitutionally flawed definition of "beyond reasonable doubt."
    (AP, 6/1/98)
1993        Jun 1, A mortar attack on a holiday soccer game in a suburb of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killed at least 15 people and wounded more than 80.
    (AP, 6/1/98)

1994        Jun 1, Fox Channel, Cable Network, debuted.
1994         Jun 1, President Clinton embarked on a European trip that included commemorating the 50th anniversary of D-Day; his first stop was Italy.
1994        Jun 1, Frances Heflin (b.1922), Soap Actress, All My Children's Mona Tyler; Van Heflin's sister, died at age 71.

1995        Jun 1, President Clinton visited Billings, Montana, where he met with farmers and presided over a televised town hall meeting.
    (AP, 6/1/00)
1995         Jun 1, The US Postal Service issued a 32 cent stamp honoring the late Marilyn Monroe.
1995        Jun 1, James Wolfensohn, Australian-born financier, took over as head of the World Bank. In 2004 Sebastian Mallaby authored “The World’s Banker," a view of how the world Bank fared under Wolfensohn.
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.C16)

1996        Jun 1, An estimated 200,000 participants, most of them schoolchildren, gathered at the Lincoln Memorial to protest government cuts for social and educational programs.
    (AP, 6/1/97)
1996        Jun 1, A nine-dish array of radio telescopes was dedicated in Shasta Ct., Ca. at Berkeley's Hat Creek Observatory. It has already detected large organic molecules, including a hint of the amino acid glycene, in gas clouds near the center of the Earth's Milky Way galaxy.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A9)
1996        Jun 1, In Singapore the government passed a Maintenance of Parents Law.
    (WSJ, 9/17/96, p.A1)

1997        Jun 1, The "General Hospital" soap opera spin-off "Port Charles" debuted as a movie on ABC, then joined the ABC daytime lineup the following day.
1997        Jun 1, At the Tony Awards in New York "Titanic," "Chicago" and "A Doll's House" won 15 of the 21 awards. "Titanic" won five Tony Awards, including best musical.
    (SFC, 6/2/97, p.D1)(AP, 6/1/98)
1997        Jun 1, The Chicago Tribune published a column by Mary Schmich which urged the graduating class of 1997, among other things, to "wear sunscreen." The tongue-in-cheek essay ended up being wrongly attributed to author Kurt Vonnegut on the Internet.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
1997        Jun 1, Betty Shabazz (61), the widow of Malcolm X, was severely burned in a fire set by her grandson (12) in her Yonkers, N.Y., apartment. She died of the burn wounds on Jun 23.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A3)(SFC, 6/26/97, p.A15)(AP, 6/1/98)
1997        Jun 1, In Bolivia, the former right-wing gen’l. and president, Hugo Banzer won the popular vote in elections with 25% [22%] but failed to get a majority. Former Pres. Jaime Paz Zamora was 2nd with 17.5%. Congress will choose from among the 2 top contenders on Aug 4.
    (SFC, 6/2/97, p.A6)(WSJ, 6/19/98, p.A15)
1997        Jun 1, China banned leaded gasoline in 8 of 18 districts and counties.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A17)
1997        Jun 1, In France the Socialists won control of the government and party leader Lionel Jospin was expected to become prime minister. New conditions for creating the new European Union and new common currency were expected. Value added taxes on common purchases were expected to be slashed; plans to privatize France Telecom were expected to be abolished and the legal workweek was expected to be reduced to 35 hours without paycuts to provide more jobs.
    (SFC, 6/2/97, p.A1,9)

1998        Jun 1, The MacArthur Foundation disbursed 29 genius grants with cash prizes ranging from $375,000 to $220,000. Included in the winners were poet Ishmael Reed; computer programmer Tim Berners-Lee (pioneer developer of the WWW), historian Mike Davis ("City of Quartz," a history of Los Angeles), Ayesha Jalal (historian of the cultures of India and Pakistan), and Peter Miller (Berlin scholar of early modern European intellectual history.)
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A2)
1998        Jun 1, President Clinton abruptly abandoned his executive privilege claim in the Monica Lewinsky investigation, reducing the prospect of a quick Supreme Court review of a dispute over the testimony of presidential aides.
    (AP, 6/1/99)
1998        Jun 1, In Mass. Rev. Eugene F. Rivers had his picture on the cover of Time Mag. for his youth ministry work in Dorchester. His Operation 2006 planned to put an adult volunteer into the life of every at-risk child in Dorchester, who needed help, by the year 2006.
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.W13)
1998        Jun 1, In Michigan a new $22 million Kellogg's Cereal City USA opened in Battle Creek. It was owned by the non-profit Heritage Center Foundation.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98,  p.T7)
1998        Jun 1, In Philadelphia the largest transit union went on strike and shut down a system that served 435,000 people a day. This followed 3 months of negotiations with the transportation authority (SEPTA).
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A5)
1998        Jun 1, American Home Products agreed to acquire Monsanto Co. in a deal valued at $35.08 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/2/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 1, It was reported that investment flow out of Latin America was becoming a stampede.
    (WSJ, 6/2/98, p.A16)
1998        Jun 1, In Burma the military sentenced Aung Thein and Ko Hla Myint to 14 years in prison for handing out copies of a letter from the Shan State Army addressed to Lt. Gen'l. Khin Nyunt, the head of military intelligence, back in March.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A14)
1998        Jun 1, From El Salvador it was reported that just 2% of the forest remained in the country that was once covered by forest.
    (SFC, 6/1/98, p.A8)
1998        Jun 1, The European Central Bank (ECB) was established by the Treaty of Amsterdam. It is headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany. It began operating on Jan 1, 1999.
1998        Jun 1, In France pilots of Air France began a pay-dispute strike.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A11)
1998        Jun 1, In India Prime Minister Vajpayee announced that large budget increases of 14% for the armed forces, 68% for nuclear research and 62% for missile programs was approved. Social programs were increased 35%.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A11)
1998        Jun 1, In Indonesia the new government announced a broad inquiry into corruption under ex-Pres. Suharto.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A11)
1998        Jun 1, Thousands of refugees from Kosovo, Serbia, poured into Albania to escape deadly fighting that began last week around Decani. 39 people were reported dead.
    (WSJ, 6/2/98, p.A3)(AP, 6/1/99)
1998        Jun 1, In Russia the stock market tumbled 10% in panic selling. Prime Minister Kiriyenko reduced the auction cost for the sale of state's Rosneft Oil Co. to $1.6 bil.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A11)
1998        Jun 1, In South Korea Pres. Kim Dae Jung urged the US and western nations to end sanctions against North Korea.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 1, Zambia dropped charges against former Pres. Kaunda and released him after Kaunda pledged to retire.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A11)

1999        Jun 1, President Clinton ordered a government investigation into whether—and how—the entertainment business markets violence to children. In a report released in September 2000, federal regulators said the movie, video game and music industries aggressively marketed to underage youths violent products that carried adult ratings.
    (AP, 6/1/04)
1999        Jun 1, In Little Rock, Ark., 9 people died when an American Airlines jet carrying 145 people crashed into a light tower on landing in stormy weather. The toll climbed to 11 after 2 initial survivors died. In 2001 pilot error was cited.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.A1)(SFC, 6/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C14)
1999        Jun 1, A peace plan for Kosovo was carried to Pres. Milosevic by Finnish Pres. Martti Ahtisaari. The plan was negotiated Strobe Talbott (53), US deputy Sec. of State, Martti Ahtisaari (61), President of Finland, and Viktor Chernomyrdin, special Russian envoy.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.A10)(SFC, 6/4/99, p.A10)
1999        Jun 1, In Angola UNITA rebels claimed that they killed 49 government soldiers in 4 clashes over the past week.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.A13)
1999        Jun 1, Cuba filed a $181.1 billion compensation claim against the US for deaths and injuries in what it called a 40 year "dirty war" against Pres. Castro's government.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.A12)
1999        Jun 1, In Lebanon an Israeli supported militia withdrew from a strategic position in South Lebanon.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.A11)
1999        Jun 1, Pakistani authorities said 10 school children were killed by an Indian artillery shell that his a school near the Line of Control dividing India and Pakistan in Kashmir. India claimed to have killed 470 Muslim fighters and Pakistani soldiers. In Kargil Pakistani forces shelled for the 26th consecutive day.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.C2)

2000        Jun 1, In San Francisco gas station attendant Thomas Lee (60) was found gunned down behind a filling station at Washington Street and Van Ness Ave. In 2018 police served an arrest warrant on Roy Donovan Lacy (38), a former SF Bay Area resident serving time for bank robbery in a Florida prison.
    (SSFC, 5/20/18, p.C3)
2000        Jun 1, In Atlanta 3 federal appellate judges ruled that immigration officials acted reasonably in denying Elian Gonzalez an asylum hearing.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 1, At Los Alamos hard drives with classified nuclear secrets were discovered missing. They were found June 16 behind a photocopier.
    (WSJ, 6/13/00, p.A1)(SFC, 6/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 1, With about half an hour to spare, Texas Governor George W. Bush blocked the scheduled execution of convicted killer Ricky McGinn so that possibly exculpatory DNA evidence could be reviewed. The DNA tests failed to establish McGinn's innocence, and he was put to death by injection the following September.
    (AP, 6/1/01)
2000        Jun 1, Rick Wagoner, the president of General Motors, was named CEO of GM.
    (WSJ, 3/30/09, p.A5)
2000        Jun 1, The organophosphate pesticide called chlorpyrifos, sold under names including Dursban, was reported to pose a risk to children. The EPA announced a ban on its use for most applications on June 8.
    (WSJ, 6/1/00, p.A1)(SFC, 6/9/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 1, In Germany the Expo 2000 opened in Hanover and ran to Oct 31.
    (WSJ, 6/29/00, p.A24)
2000        Jun 1, Stores across Japan emptied beer vending machines to comply with a voluntary ban on beer vending to help reduce alcoholism.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.B11)
2000        Jun 1, In Kosovo Albanians killed a woman and wounded 3 men when they opened fire on a group of Serbs in the US zone.
    (WSJ, 6/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 1, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe announced that the state would begin seizing 804 mostly white-owned farms and resettle them with landless blacks.
    (SFC, 6/3/00, p.A10)

2001        Jun 1, The Bush administration removed curbs on the sale of $800 million in goods to Iraq. A UN oil-for-food exchange was extended for 1 month rather than the normal 6 months. Iraq responded by saying it wouldn't resume oil exports.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 1, Logging trucks were set on fire to protest logging on the slopes of Mount Hood, Oregon. 4 activists including Michael Scarpitti were charged. In 2004 Scarpitti was arrested in Vancouver, BC, while trying to shoplift some bolt cutters. In 2005 Canada ordered that Scarpitti, aka Tre Arrow, be extradited to the US to face firebombing charges. In 2007 Suzanne Savoie was sentenced to 4 years and 3 months for her role in this and one another arson fire. In 2008 Scarpitti was extradited to the US to face ecoterrorism charges.
    (SFC, 2/16/04, p.A7)(SFC, 7/8/05, p.A3)(SFC, 6/1/07, p.A3)(SSFC, 3/2/08, p.A2)
2001        Jun 1, Hank Ketcham (b.1920), the creator of the "Dennis the Menace" cartoon, died in Pebble Beach at age 81.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)
2001        Jun 1, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid fired the security minister, attorney general, national police chief and 2 other Cabinet ministers in an attempt to thwart efforts to remove him from office.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 1, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber killed 21 young people at a Tel Aviv disco. At least 80 people were injured in the Hamas attack.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D3)
2001        Jun 1, In Nepal Crown Prince Dipendra (29) killed at least 8 members of the royal family before shooting himself. King Birendra, Queen Aiswarya, Princess Shruti, Prince Nirajan, 3 of the King's sisters and a brother-in-law were all shot to death. Dipendra was put on life support and Prince Gyanendra (54), the king's younger brother, was appointed as assistant to the crown. There was an apparent dispute over his upcoming marriage.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A14)
2001        Jun 1, In South Africa Nkosi Johnson (12), a victim of AIDS, died. In 2000 he had spoken to int'l. delegates and implored South Africa to provide HIV-positive pregnant women with anti-retroviral drugs to block transmission of the virus to children at birth.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A18)(SFC, 6/2/01, p.A8)

2002        Jun 1, President Bush told West Point graduates the United States would strike pre-emptively against suspected terrorists if necessary to deter attacks on Americans, saying "the war on terror will not be won on the defensive."
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/1/03)
2002        Jun 1, Argentina announced a plan to phase out the banking freeze that included 3-10 year bonds for savings account holders.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A12)
2002        Jun 1, In Haiti many co-ops shut down and the owners vanished with the depositors' savings. Many lost their life savings and property to a cooperative banking scheme that left untold thousands across Haiti in despair.
    (AP, 7/27/02)
2002        Jun 1, Israeli forces detained hundreds of Palestinians in 4 West Bank cities. Tareq el-Kharaz (24), who defied a curfew to pray in a mosque, was killed in Nablus.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A11)
2002        Jun 1, Hansie Cronje (32), who captained South Africa to 27 wins against only 11 losses in 53 Tests before his disgrace for accepting money from illegal cricket gamblers, was the only passenger on a mail delivery flight which crashed into a mountain near his home town of George in bad weather.
    (AFP, 5/30/12)
2002        Jun 1, The UN ordered its employees in India and Pakistan to evacuate their families over a growing concern of war.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A12)

2003        Jun 1, President Bush arrived in France from St. Petersburg and had a smile and firm handshake for this year's Group of Eight nations summit host, French Pres. Jacques Chirac.
    (AP, 6/1/03)(SFC, 6/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 1, Thousands of protesters blocked highways and bridges, set fire to barricades and drew volleys of tear gas and rubber pellets from anti-riot police near the Group of Eight summit in the French town of Evian. Leaders pledged billions of dollars to fight AIDS and hunger on the opening day of their summit.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, Genentech reported that its drug Avastin lengthened survival time for colon cancer patients. In 2004 the FDA approved it as a colorectal cancer treatment. In 2007 researches said it could improve the treatment of kidney tumors.
    (SFC, 6/2/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.G1)
2003        Jun 1, UC Berkeley researchers revealed a new laboratory method for manufacturing the anti-malarial drug, artemisinin.
    (SFC, 6/2/03, p.A11)
2003        Jun 1, China began filling the reservoir behind its gargantuan Three Gorges Dam, a major step toward completion of the world's largest hydroelectric project.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, India officials reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least 1000 people in the past 3 weeks.
    (AP, 6/2/03)
2003        Jun 1, The Israeli military eased travel restrictions and allowed thousands of Palestinian workers to enter the country in an effort to lower tensions and build goodwill.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, Myanmar's military junta closed universities and shut down offices of pro-democracy leader Ang San Suu Kyi's party, after she and some of her key aides were detained.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, In Pakistan the Islamist-ruled Northwest Frontier province passed legislation to adopt Shariah as the supreme law. A day earlier 5-times-a-day prayer was made compulsory.
    (SFC, 6/3/03, p.A8)
2003        Jun 1, In southern Pakistan a motorboat taking people on a sightseeing trip sank in a lake, killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, Togo's Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema, Africa's longest reigning ruler, faced elections. Togo's per capita income fell from $600 in the 1980s to less than $300 in 2003.
    (AP, 6/1/03)

2004        Jun 1, The US Dept. of Homeland Security awarded a contract, valued as much as $10 billion, to a group of companies led by a unit of Accenture Ltd., a Bermuda-based business consultancy.
    (WSJ, 6/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 1, A US federal judge declared the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act unconstitutional, saying the measure infringed on women's right to choose.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2004        Jun 1, In New Jersey a new ruling took effect that barred reduced nightclub cover charges and cocktail tabs for women due to a discrimination suit filed 6 years earlier.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.W2)
2004        Jun 1, Anheuser-Busch offered HK$5.58 per share for China’s Harbin Brewery Group Ltd. 2 days later SABMiller withdrew its HK$4.30 offer.
    (WSJ, 6/4/04, p.A3)
2004        Jun 1, William Manchester (82), historian and biographer, died in Middletown, Conn. His work included “The Arms of Krupp" (1958) and “The Death of a President" (1967), an account of the Kennedy assassination.
    (SFC, 6/2/04, B7)
2004        Jun 1, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb planted under the chair of a city police chief exploded, killing him and wounding two government officials.
    (AP, 6/1/04)
2004        Jun 1, In eastern Bolivia army soldiers fought peasants blocking a highway in a clash that killed one soldier and one civilian.
    (AP, 6/2/04)
2004        Jun 1, In Brazil police entered the Benfica prison after a three-day rebellion and found the bodies of 38 inmates, some of them mutilated. At least 14 of 900 had escaped.
    (AP, 6/2/04)
2004        Jun 1, In northeast Brazilian state of Alagoas 2 days of heavy rains killed 20 people and left some 2,100 homeless.
    (AP, 6/2/04)
2004        Jun 1, Congolese soldiers battled troops loyal to Brig. Gen. Laurent Nkunda, a renegade commander in eastern Congo, breaking a shaky cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/1/04)
2004        Jun 1, Ecuador's Finance Minister Mauricio Pozo resigned, leaving struggling President Lucio Gutierrez to find a replacement to lead an economic policy approved by international lenders but unpopular at home.
    (AP, 6/1/04)
2004        Jun 1, Ecuador hosted the Miss Universe pageant. Jennifer Hawkins, a 20-year-old, blue-eyed Australian, was named Miss Universe 2004.
    (AP, 6/2/04)
2004        Jun 1, Michel Dansel, French intellectual, held a mock funeral ceremony for the verb. His new 233-page book, “Le Train de Nulle Part" (The Train to Nowhere), was written without verbs.
    (WSJ, 7/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 1, In Haiti US commanders began turning over authority to a UN force under Gen. Augusto Pereira of Brazil.
    (SFC, 6/2/04, A1)
2004        Jun 1, Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, a tribal chief, was named interim president of Iraq.
    (AP, 6/1/04)
2004        Jun 1, In Iraq bombs exploded in central Baghdad and near a U.S. military base in the northern city of Beiji. At least 14 people were killed.
    (AP, 6/1/04)(SFC, 6/2/04, A13)
2004        Jun 1, Leonid Parfyonov, a leading Russian television news anchor, was dismissed and his show, "Namedni (Recently)," shut down after the program tried to broadcast an interview with the widow of a slain Chechen separatist leader.
    (AP, 6/2/04)
2004        Jun 1, In Turkey Kurdish rebels, Kongra-Gel, announced a resumption of battle saying the government had not met their terms.
    (Econ, 9/4/04, p.51)

2005        Jun 1, In his first day on the job, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz said he hoped the bank could help transform Africa from a continent of despair to one of hope.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, In California a landslide destroyed 17 multimillion-dollar houses and damaged nearly 11 others in Laguna Beach.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 1, A 5-day UN World Environment Day conference opened in SF.
    (SFC, 6/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 1, Missouri opened its 1st season of legal hand-fishing following fierce lobbying efforts by Noodlers Anonymous, a local support group for catching catfish by hand.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.37)
2005        Jun 1, George Mikan (80), Minneapolis Lakers basketball star, died. He was so big and dominant in college that he sparked the goaltending rule.
    (WSJ, 6/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a bomb from a suicide attacker tore through a mosque during a funeral in Kandahar for a Muslim cleric opposed to the Taliban, killing at least 20 people. The local governor said an al-Qaida-linked militant was responsible.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore opened the 7th summit of Sahel and Sahara countries, spurring the 21-member body to take a decisive role in shaping globalization.
    (AFP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 1, China began levying a 5.5% tax on residential property sold after this date. It would only be applied to property sold fewer than 2 years after its purchase.
    (WSJ, 5/26/05, p.A10)
2005        Jun 1, China called a resolution by Brazil, Germany, India and Japan to expand the U.N. Security Council, and hopefully give them permanent seats, "dangerous" and hinted it would use its veto power if necessary to block final approval.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, In southern China heavy rain triggered floods and mudslides, leaving about 200 people dead or missing.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, In Haiti gunmen killed Paul-Henri Mourral (53), a French diplomat, in Port-au-Prince and stole his car.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 1, A suicide bomber attacked the main checkpoint to Baghdad International Airport, wounding at least 15 Iraqis.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Jerusalem city engineer Uri Shetrit said 88 homes in an Arab neighborhood are marked for demolition to make way for an archaeological park documenting the disputed city's ancient Jewish origins.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, About 200 people, some throwing stones, broke into Kyrgyzstan's Supreme Court and evicted activists who had occupied the building for more than a month in a protest on behalf of five losing parliamentary candidates.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Dutch voters worried about social benefits and immigration overwhelmingly rejected the European Union constitution in what could be a knockout blow for a charter meant to create a power rivaling the United States. Slow economic growth in the Netherlands was seen as a key reason for the massive rejection of the EU constitution
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, In Poland investigators published a report offering new details of allegations that a priest was an informer for Poland's communist government while he was close to Pope John Paul II's entourage in the 1980s. The report says against Rev. Konrad Stanislaw Hejmo met secretly with communist agents from 1975 to 1988 in upscale restaurants and hotel rooms, giving them details about the church in return for money and gifts of liquor.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Zimbabwe’s state Herald newspaper reported that police have arrested more than 22,000 people as a fierce blitz on illegal stores and shantytowns gathered pace, sending homeless people fleeing for the countryside.
    (Reuters, 6/1/05)

2006        Jun 1, The US military said more Guantanamo Bay detainees have joined a hunger strike, raising the total to 89, and six of them were being force-fed.
    (AP, 6/2/06)
2006        Jun 1, A contrite U.S. Army Corps of Engineers took responsibility for the flooding of New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2006        Jun 1, California Gov. Schwarzenegger reluctantly reached an agreement with the federal government to deploy 1,000 members of the California National Guard along the US-Mexico border.
    (SFC, 6/2/06, p.B1)
2006        Jun 1, The Univ. of California ceded control of Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico to a consortium, the Los Alamos National Security, which included, UC, Bechtel, Washington Group Int’l., and BWX Technologies.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.85)(
2006        Jun 1, Texas Gov. Rick Perry announced a plan to use night-vision Webcams along the border and let Internet users serve as volunteer sentinels.
    (, 6/9/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 1, The NYSE under John Thain agreed to acquire Paris-based Euronext NV, Europe’s 2nd largest stock exchange, for $10 billion.
    (SFC, 6/2/06, p.A3)
2006        Jun 1, Katharine Close, a 13-year-old New Jersey girl making her fifth straight appearance at the Scripps National Spelling Bee, rattled off "ursprache" to claim the title of America's best speller. For the first time in its 81-year history, the final rounds of the spelling bee were broadcast live on prime-time network TV.
    (AP, 6/2/06)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.31)
2006        Jun 1, In Indiana 7 Covarrubias family members, the youngest just 5 years old, were shot to death in their Indianapolis home. The next day police arrested suspect James Stewart (30) without incident after a traffic stop. A second suspect, Desmond Turner (28), turned himself in on June 3. Robbery was the suspected motive.
    (AP, 6/2-3/06)(SSFC, 6/4/06, p.A11)
2006        Jun 1, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomb blew up near a convoy of Afghan and US-led coalition troops, killing the attacker but hurting no one else.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, In Vienna the US and 5 world powers agreed to offer Iran proposals that would bring it significant benefits if it halts its drive to master nuclear power.
    (SFC, 6/2/06, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 1, Bolivian doctors staged a 1-day strike to protest the presence of 600 Cuban physicians providing free care as Pres. Morales cultivates links to Castro.
    (WSJ, 6/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 1, East Timor President Xanana Gusmao made an emotional plea for peace after weeks of violence, as the rebel leader pressed him to oust the unpopular prime minister.
    (AFP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, Jorma Ollila stepped down as chief of Finland’s Nokia Corp. He was succeeded by Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo. The new Nokia Nseries included the N73 camera-phone; the N91 phone, which doubled as an iPod-style music player; the N92, a mobile TV; and the N93, a mobile video camera.
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.64)
2006        Jun 1, The German parliament overwhelmingly approved the government's plan to deploy German troops to the Democratic Republic of Congo during its July election, despite public skepticism about the mission.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, A German court jailed Sabine Hilschenz (40) for 15 years for killing eight of her newborn babies in the worst case of infanticide in the country's criminal history. She had buried them in flower pots and a fish tank at her parents’ home.
    (AFP, 6/1/06)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.A3)
2006        Jun 1, In eastern India a land mine thought to have been planted by communist rebels blew up a police jeep, killing 12 officers from a paramilitary police force.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, The Iraqi government decided to launch its own investigation into reports that US Marines killed unarmed civilians last year. The top US general in Iraq ordered American commanders to conduct ethical training on battlefield conduct. In Iraq a bomb struck a group of construction workers seeking jobs in central Baghdad, killing at least two and wounding 18. A mortar barrage struck a number of houses in Baghdad's southern Dora district. A first barrage of seven mortar rounds killed nine and wounded 40, while another five rounds killed four and wounded 29. Gunmen opened fire on Col. Ziyad Tariq, deputy-commander of the oil protection force in the northern city of Kirkuk, killing him and a bodyguard and wounding another bodyguard as they left a restaurant. Police set up roadblocks around the oil-rich southern city of Basra as a monthlong state of emergency declared by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki went into effect.
    (AP, 6/1/06)(AP, 6/2/06)
2006        Jun 1, In Indian Kashmir a 3-day siege left 8 Muslim rebels and a paramilitary soldier dead as troops hunted down armed rebels in ongoing operations.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, Thousands of Shiite Muslims enraged by a TV comedy that mocked the leader of Hezbollah took to the streets of southern Beirut, burning car tires and blocking roads.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, In a published interview Monaco's Prince Albert II acknowledged he is the father of a second illegitimate child, a 14-year-old girl living in California.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, In southern Nigeria a major oil spill forced Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell to cut production by 50,000 barrels per day.
    (AFP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, In Pakistan officials said sewage contamination in Faisalabad's water system has caused an outbreak of gastroenteritis, sickening more than 19,000 people and killing nine. In southwestern Pakistan police raided a militant hideout and arrested Habib Ullah, a leader of the outlawed Lashkar-e-Jhangvi Sunni militant group, at a home in Quetta. He was the alleged mastermind of sectarian attacks that killed more than 100 Shiite Muslims in July, 2003, and March, 2004.
    (AP, 6/1/06)(AP, 6/2/06)
2006        Jun 1, Several thousand police officers fired into the air and smashed windows of the Palestinian parliament building, raising fears of new unrest in Gaza after the Hamas-led government said it still cannot pay most of its workers.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, Chung Dong-young, the leader of South Korea's ruling party, resigned one day after the conservative opposition won 12 of 16 key regional posts in local elections.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, Spain's Supreme Court acquitted the only person convicted of involvement in the September 11 attacks in a trial last year of suspected Al Qaeda members. Imad Eddin Barakat Yarkas, known as Abu Dahdah, had been convicted of conspiracy to commit terrorist murder and sentenced to 27 years in jail. He will, however, continue to serve a 12 year sentence for leading a terrorist group.
    (Reuters, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, In Spain Rocio Jurado (61), hailed as the country’s greatest singer, died of cancer. Her recordings included 5 platinum and 30 gold records.
    (SFC, 6/2/06, p.B9)
2006        Jun 1, The US pledged "tangible military cooperation" with embattled Sri Lanka, but warned the government here against a return to war with Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AFP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, Swedish lawmakers approved a law that makes it possible for the Scandinavian country to imprison former Liberian President Charles Taylor if a UN-backed tribunal convicts him of war crimes.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, In western Turkey a methane gas explosion ripped through a coal mine, killing 17 miners in the village of Odakoy in western Balikesir province.
    (AP, 6/2/06)

2007        Jun 1, The US government warned consumers to avoid using toothpaste made in China because it may contain a poisonous chemical used in antifreeze.
    (AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, In California a federal court judge barred the state from seizing abandoned assets until officials find a better way to notify people that their property is about to be taken.
    (SFC, 6/2/07, p.B1)
2007        Jun 1, In Michigan Jack Kevorkian, the retired pathologist dubbed "Dr. Death" for claims that he participated in at least 130 assisted suicides, left prison after eight years still believing people have the right to die.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed in a bomb blast while two Afghan women and a policeman died in attacks elsewhere linked to a deepening Taliban insurgency.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, Rakhat Aliyev, the Kazakh ambassador to Austria until he was dismissed on May 26, was arrested for alleged involvement in the suspected kidnapping of two senior managers of a bank he controls. He appealed to Austrian authorities not to extradite him to his homeland to face kidnapping charges.
    (AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, In a key legal step toward assigning blame for Brazil's deadliest plane crash, two US pilots and four Brazilian air traffic controllers were indicted on charges equivalent to involuntary manslaughter for the Sep 29, 2006, mid-air collision that killed 154 people.
    (AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, In Brazil federal authorities said an Indian tribe that has had very limited contact with the outside world, has been located in a remote Amazon region. The Metyktire, a subgroup of the Kayapo tribe, consisted of some 87 members.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, Marly de Oliveira (69), the Brazilian poet who wrote the award-winning volume "O Mar de Permeio" (The Sea Between Us), died in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 1, The UN refugee agency said hundreds of women and children fled by foot and on donkeys from Darfur to the neighboring Central African Republic after their town was attacked by planes and helicopters. The refugees said their town of Dafak, in southern Darfur, was attacked repeatedly by janjaweed militia from May 12 to May 18 and that their homes had been bombarded by airstrikes.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, In China a new bankruptcy law took effect making it easier to restructure insolvent firms.
    (, 1/9/10, p.68)
2007        Jun 1, On Children’s Day in China thousands of people rallied in Xiamen to protest plans for a Taiwanese-owned chemical factory to make paraxylene, used in polyester. Thousands marched again the next day
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.48)
2007        Jun 1, Vietnam became Cuba's latest partner in oil exploration and drilling in the Gulf of Mexico under one of several agreements signed during a visit by Vietnamese Communist Party chief Nong Duc Manh.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, A French naval frigate conducting a surveillance mission off Malta discovered the bodies of 18 people floating in the Mediterranean. Crew members on "La Motte Picquet" noticed no boat nearby as the bodies, possibly of illegal immigrants hoping to reach Europe, were pulled out of the water.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, Police in northern India issued shoot-on-sight orders as eight more people were killed in ethnic clashes that have left 28 dead so far.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic militants attacked a paramilitary camp, a police post and an army vehicle in an upsurge in violence, killing three government soldiers and wounding another 22.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, In Iraq an al-Qaida-linked suicide bomber blew himself up in a house sheltering members of the rival 1920 Revolution Brigades, killing two of the other militants and wounding four in Baqouba. American troops killed 3 children near Fallujah when a US tank opened fire on suspected insurgents believed to be planting roadside bombs. A US soldier on a foot patrol was killed after approaching two suspicious men outside a mosque, one of whom blew himself up. US Staff Sgt. Travis Atkins (31) saved three soldiers when he used his body to subdue an insurgent attempting to detonate a bomb strapped to his body. In 2019 Pres. Donald Trump presented Atkins' family the Medal of Honor.
    (AP, 6/1/07)(AP, 6/3/07)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.A23)(, 3/28/19, p.A7)
2007        Jun 1, Israeli troops shot and killed two 13-year-old Palestinians near the Gaza-Israel border fence, saying they were crawling toward the barrier in a "suspicious manner." The boys had told their families they were going to the beach.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, Dozens of Lebanese army tanks and armored carriers moved toward a Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon in pursuit of Islamic militants holed up inside. 19 people died in some of the heaviest fighting since violence broke out on May 20.
    (AP, 6/1/07)(WSJ, 6/2/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 1, The government of Mauritania appealed to international donors to help it reverse a food shortage affecting more than 1 million people.
    (AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, Mexican soldiers fired on a family traveling to a funeral when they failed to stop after being ordered to do so at the checkpoint near the village of La Joya. 19 Mexican soldiers were sent to a military prison June 4 for the shooting that killed two women and three children. In 2011 the commanding officer received a 40-year sentence in a court martial and another officer received 38 years. A judge gave 12 enlisted soldiers 16-year sentences.
    (AP, 6/5/07)(AP, 11/3/11)
2007        Jun 1, Nigeria’s national dailies reported that nearly 2,000 students sitting university entrance exams in have been caught using mobile phones to cheat. Gunmen disguised as riot police abducted four foreign workers from the residential compound of oil services giant Schlumberger in Nigeria's oil city Port Harcourt. The four hostages were citizens of Britain, France, the Netherlands and Pakistan. Gunmen kidnapped three senior expatriate management staff and four family members from the residential compound of chemical company Indorama.
    (AFP, 6/1/07)(AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, The Norwegian environmental group Bellona warned that a nuclear waste dump in the Russia Arctic may be in danger of exploding because of corrosion caused by salt water in enormous storage tanks.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, Alan Johnston, a British reporter kidnapped in the Gaza Strip nearly three months, ago appeared in a videotape posted on an Islamic militant Web site, saying his captors had treated him well, denouncing Israel, and criticizing British and US Mideast policy. The Swords of Truth, an Islamic group, threatened to behead female TV broadcasters if they don't wear strict Islamic dress, frightening reporters and signaling a further shift toward extremism in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/1/07)(AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, The Swords of Truth, an Islamic group, threatened to behead female TV broadcasters if they don't wear strict Islamic dress, frightening reporters and signaling a further shift toward extremism in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, At least one US warship bombarded a remote, mountainous village in Somalia where Islamic militants had set up a base. One target was said to be Fazul Abdullah Muhammad (35), a citizen of the Comoro Islands. The next day Puntland VP Hassan Dahir Mohamoud told The Associated Press that his government's troops killed eight foreign Islamic militants and five of them came from Britain, Eritrea, Sweden, the US and Yemen.
    (AP, 6/2/07)(AP, 6/3/07)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.52)
2007        Jun 1, In South Africa hundreds of thousands of public servants embarked on an indefinite strike.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Jun 1, CNBC Africa was launched from new headquarters in South Africa. Dubai investors put in some $22.5 million for the 24-hour African business channel broadcasting to 14 African countries.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, p.75)
2007        Jun 1, The African Union objected to a proposal for a 23,000-strong AU-U.N. force to help end the bloodshed in Sudan's troubled Darfur region because it would give the United Nations command and control.
    (AP, 6/2/07)
2007        Jun 1, In southeast Turkey soldiers killed two Kurdish militants overnight in Tunceli, where troops massed along the border threatened an incursion into Iraq.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2008        Jun 1, NY Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton won Puerto Rico's Democratic presidential primary 68-32%. Only 16% of the voters went to the polls.
    (, 6/7/08, p.36)
2008        Jun 1, In California a fire ripped through the back lot of Universal Studios destroying film-set facades, videos and movie reels.
    (WSJ, 6/2/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 1, Alton Kelley (67), co-creator of psychedelic rock posters, died in Petaluma, Ca. He and Stanley Mouse had formed Mouse Studios in SF and produced hundreds of classic psychedelic rock posters. In 1965 he and 3 other people formed Family Dog and staged the world’s first psychedelic dance concert at the Longshoreman’s Hall in SF.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb detonated as a bus carrying Afghan soldiers passed by in Kabul, killing one civilian and wounding five people. In southern Zabul province overnight, suspected Taliban militants gunned down a district governor and his body guard. Some 150 militants attacked a police checkpoint, triggering a daylong battle in Murghab district, near the border with Turkmenistan. At least 10 militants were killed. Ashraf Nasery, the governor of Badghis province, said 49 militants were killed and 35 wounded.
    (AP, 6/1/08)(AFP, 6/1/08)(AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 1, Australia, a staunch US ally and one of the first countries to commit troops to the Iraq war five years ago, ended combat operations there.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In southwest Bangladesh police clashed with thousands of garment workers during fresh protests over low wages and soaring food prices.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, Bolivians in two opposition-controlled states voted overwhelmingly for autonomy measures that aim to shield the country's remote Amazon basin from President Evo Morales' leftist reforms.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, China became the latest country to declare war on plastic bags in a drive to save energy and protect the environment.
    (Reuters, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Colombia a mudslide following rains buried several dozen homes in a poor district of Medellin and at least 23 people were killed.
    (AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 1, Yves Saint Laurent (b.1936, one of the most influential and enduring designers of the 20th century, died in Paris.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.99)
2008        Jun 1, German researchers reported that the development of a blood-based genetic test for predicting lung cancer among smokers with 80% accuracy.
    (WSJ, 6/2/08, p.B4)
2008        Jun 1, In Baghdad a car bomb exploded near the Iranian embassy in Baghdad during morning rush hour, killing at least two civilians and wounding five. A senior police official was wounded when a bomb that was stuck to his car exploded in a busy Baghdad intersection. A traffic officer was killed and four other people were wounded in the attack. Ten al-Qaida linked insurgents were captured in US-led operations in Mosul and north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, Israel freed Nasim Nisr (39), a convicted Hezbollah spy, and the militant group turned over the remains of Israeli soldiers killed in the 2006 war in Lebanon.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Kuwait Muslim hard-liners walked out of the inaugural meeting of parliament to protest 2 female Cabinet ministers who were not wearing head scarves.
    (SFC, 6/2/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 1, In Liberia at least eight people suffocated at an overcrowded stadium during a soccer match between Liberia and Gambia.
2008        Jun 1, Macedonia's parliamentary election was marred by violence in Albanian areas and suspected fraud, with one person shot dead and nine wounded, and voting halted in one town after a gun battle. PM Nikola Gruevski scored an overwhelming election victory but monitors criticized violence that marred the poll and could delay the country's progress towards EU membership. The government said it will repeat voting in 22 poling stations that were shut down due to shootings or alleged ballot fraud.
    (Reuters, 6/1/08)(Reuters, 6/2/08)(WSJ, 6/2/08, p.A10)
2008        Jun 1, In western Mexico Marcelo Ibarra, the mayor of Villa Madero, was forced from his car and shot dead. Officials believed the killing was an attempted robbery, although they haven't ruled out other motives.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 1, Gay rights activists held small, scattered protests in Moscow, flouting repeated refusals from city authorities for permission to hold parades or demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Slovakia a new media law was set to go into effect giving anyone mentioned in an article sweeping rights to an equally prominent rebuttal. Newspapers responded by publishing blank front pages. Leading newspapers had done this twice before during the Meciar years to protest restrictions on press freedom.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.71)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.55)
2008        Jun 1, Voters in Switzerland rejected a plan to give local communities the power to decide which immigrants should be granted Swiss citizenship. Currently, after living at least 12 years on Swiss soil, foreigners who wish to acquire Swiss citizenship face a naturalization procedure that includes a knowledge of the country's traditions, history and culture.
    (AFP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Zimbabwe police in Harare jailed Arthur Mutambara, head of an MDC faction, for allegedly making false statements that endangered state security.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.59)

2009        Jun 1, A federal judge ordered the United States to publicly reveal unclassified versions of its allegations and evidence justifying the continued imprisonment of more than 100 detainees being held at Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, Effective today border crossings to US entry points from Canada required passports or other approved identification to be shown. Americans entering from the US by land or sea from Canada, Mexico, Bermuda and the Caribbean were required to present identity documents embedded with RFID tags, though conventional passports remained valid until expiration. The RFID tags could be scanned by anybody with easily obtained equipment from 30 feet.
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.37)(SFC, 7/16/09, p.D5)
2009        Jun 1, Muhammad Ahmad Abdallah Salih (31), a Yemeni detainee at Guantanamo Bay, died of an apparent suicide. His was the fifth apparent suicide at the offshore US prison, which Pres. Obama hopes to close by January. The Joint Task Force that runs the US prison in Cuba said guards conducting a routine check on June 2 found Salih unresponsive and not breathing.
    (AP, 6/3/09)(AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Jun 1, In Arkansas Pvt. William Long (23) of Conway was shot and killed outside an Army-Navy Career Center in a west Little Rock shopping center. Pvt. Quinton Ezeagwula (18) of Jacksonville, Ark., was wounded. The next day Muslim convert Abdulhakim Muhammad (23) of Little Rock was charged for the shootings. On July 25, 2011, Muhammad, born as Carlos Bledsoe, admitted to the crime in a plea deal and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 6/2/09)(SFC, 7/25/11, p.A7)
2009        Jun 1, San Francisco Mayor Newsom unveiled a $6.6 billion budget for 2009-2010. He also urged Santa Clara voters to reject a $937 million stadium project for the SF 49ers.
    (SFC, 6/2/09, p.A1)
2009        Jun 1, Hawaii’s Gov. Linda Lingle, describing a "fiscal emergency," ordered three days of unpaid furloughs each month for 14,500 state employees to help erase a $729 million budget shortfall.
    (AP, 6/2/09)
2009        Jun 1, General Motors filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection as part of the Obama administration's plan to shrink the automaker to a sustainable size and give a majority ownership stake to the federal government. GM assets were valued at $82.2 billion with liabilities at $172 billion. The US government planned to receive 60.8% of GM stock, Canada’s government 11.7%, the UAW’s trust 17.5% and bondholders 10%. GM said it will permanently close nine more plants and idle three others to trim production and labor costs under bankruptcy protection. GM was expected to lose 14 factories, 29,000 workers and 2,400 dealers.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.9,60, 62)
2009        Jun 1, The US military announced the death of US service member the previous day from non-combat-related injuries in southern Afghanistan by posting the news on Twitter hours before announcing it in a more formal press statement. Officials said the US military in Afghanistan is launching a Facebook page, a YouTube site and feeds on Twitter as part of a new communications effort to reach readers who get their information on the Internet rather than in newspapers. Mullah Mansur was killed in a strike by helicopters in Helmand province.  4 US soldiers were killed by 2 roadside bombs in Wardak province.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(AP, 6/2/09)(SFC, 6/2/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 1, Belgian PM Herman Van Rompuy vowed to double civilian aid to Afghanistan and welcomed plans to increase non-military assistance during a visit to Kabul.
    (AP, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, Chilean plumber, Fernando Vera, died of swine flu, making him South America's first swine-flu death.
    (AP, 6/2/09)
2009        Jun 1, In China US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner reassured the Chinese government that its huge holdings of dollar assets are safe and reaffirmed his faith in a strong US currency.
    (AP, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, China's special envoy to Darfur met with Sudan's President Omar al-Beshir and pledged three million dollars in humanitarian aid for the volatile region. Liu Guijin "greeted the president for the beginning of talks in Doha between the JEM and the government."
    (AFP, 6/2/09)
2009        Jun 1, In El Salvador Mauricio Funes, a journalist from a party of former Marxist guerrillas, became the country's first leftist president, immediately restoring ties with Cuba while promising to remain friendly with the United States.
    (AP, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, A missing Air France Airbus A330 jet, Flight 447, carrying 228 people from Rio de Janeiro to Paris ran into lightning and strong thunderstorms over the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil soon began a search mission off its northeastern coast.
    (AP, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, Iran state media reported that five people are dead in an arson attack on a bank in Zahedan, a restive southeastern city where 25 died in a mosque bombing last week.
    (AP, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, Iraq's self-ruled Kurdish region officially started pumping crude oil to the international market. A bomb in a Baghdad market killed four people. A suicide bomber exploded his car at a police checkpoint in Jalula, killing a 7-year-old child and wounding eight other people. A grenade thrown at a US patrol in the northern city of Mosul missed the Americans but killed one Iraqi and wounded 15 others.
    (AP, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, Israel's PM Netanyahu dismissed the US demand for a settlement freeze as unreasonable, moving closer to a collision with the Obama administration, while mobs of Jewish settlers attacked Palestinian laborers and burned West Bank fields. Israeli settlers waged court battles to evict dozens of Palestinians from homes in an East Jerusalem neighborhood, a move threatening to widen Israel's rift with US President Barack Obama over settlements.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(Reuters, 6/1/09)
2009        Jun 1, Mexican soldiers and federal agents detained 29 police officers in northern Nuevo Leon state for alleged ties to drug traffickers. Retired Gen. Javier Aguayo took over as police chief of Chihuahua, where drug-fueled violence has claimed hundreds of lives. Mexican soldiers in Reynosa captured Sergio Garcia Trevino, a drug cartel suspect accused of helping procure the largest illegal weapons cache found in the country.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(AP, 6/2/09)
2009        Jun 1, In Nigeria MEND, main militant group in southern Nigeria said, it will release Mathew Maguire, a British hostage it has been holding for the past nine months. They noted that today was Maguire birthday. The next day MEND said "Mr Mathew Maguire has declined the gift of a release from captivity with an argument that he is now an advocate for change in the region and an honorary member of the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta." Nigeria's navy killed seven militants in a gunbattle in the Niger Delta.
    (AFP, 6/1/09)(AFP, 6/2/09)(AFP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 1, Pakistan's army said it lifted curfews in several parts of the Swat Valley as it hunted Taliban militants in the region, while insurgents killed two soldiers in a tribal region that could be the next front in the northwest military offensive. Armed Taliban ambushed a convoy of some 30 vehicles carrying students home for the summer. Many of the buses managed to get away. 71 students and nine staff from an army-run college were rescued the next morning as militants moved them from North Waziristan to South Waziristan. A handful of students remained unaccounted for.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(AFP, 6/2/09)
2009        Jun 1, In Somalia a roadside bomb in Mogadishu killed at least 4 police officers in several civilians.
    (SFC, 6/2/09, p.A2)

2010        Jun 1, The US Supreme Court ruled that suspects must explicitly tell police they want to be silent to invoke Miranda protections during criminal interrogations, a decision one dissenting justice said turns defendants' rights "upside down."
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, In Van Nuys, Ca., a porn actor went on a rampage with a machete-style weapon killing a fellow adult-film performer. Herbert Hin Wong (30) was killed in the attack. Suspect Stephen Clancy Hills (34) died on June 5 of head injuries after he fell from a hillside following an 8-hour standoff with police.
    (SFC, 6/3/10, p.A6)(SSFC, 6/6/10, p.A10)
2010        Jun 1, US helicopters flew Afghan troops into a district of Nuristan province, overrun by the Taliban, and recaptured Barg-e-Matal, the main town, without firing a shot. 54 militants were killed or wounded in fighting and airstrikes before this operation began. 2 police died.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, Christie Ibori-Ibie was found guilty by London's Southwark Crown Court on charges of aiding her brother James Ibori, the former governor of Delta state, who himself stands accused of siphoning nearly 300 million dollars of public funds in Nigeria.
    (AFP, 6/2/10)
2010        Jun 1, In Burundi 5 presidential candidates in upcoming elections said they're withdrawing from the race because of rigged voting. The candidates announced their withdrawal following a May 24 vote that opposition parties said were rigged by the ruling party, which received 64 percent of votes. Four rounds of voting remain.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, The Bank of Canada raised its key interest rate from emergency low levels, but said the European debt crisis made its next move highly unpredictable. The rate hike, to 0.5 percent from 0.25 percent, made Canada the first of the G7 major industrialized countries to begin hiking interest rates after the global financial crisis.
    (Reuters, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, China called on Iran to improve its cooperation with the UN nuclear watchdog, after the agency said in a report that Tehran was pressing ahead with its controversial atomic program.
    (AFP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, In China bank guard Zhu Jun (46), angry over a legal ruling in his divorce, opened fire with a machine gun and two pistols in a court building in the city of Yongzhou, shooting 3 judges dead and wounding 3 others before killing himself.
    (AFP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, Egyptians elected members of parliament's upper house, in a poll marked by widespread voter apathy, charges of irregularities and a clash in which three policemen were wounded. Egypt's ruling National Democratic Party scored an overwhelming victory in upper house elections amid accusations of irregularities and a low voter turnout.
    (AFP, 6/1/10)(AFP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 1, In Germany 3 experts working to defuse a bomb from World War II were killed when the device exploded, injuring six others. Construction workers in Goettingen had found the 65-year-old explosive device about seven yards (meters) below the ground on an empty where the city is currently building a sport arena.
    (AP, 6/2/10)
2010        Jun 1, Iraq's Supreme Court took the first major step toward resolving the nation's election crisis, ratifying the results and declaring a secular alliance the biggest winner in the March 7 parliamentary vote. The election results gave 91 seats to the Iraqiya political alliance led by Ayad Allawi, a former prime minister and secular Shiite. The alliance is heavily backed by Iraq's once-dominant Sunni Arab minority. The US military withdrew from the last 9 checkpoints of the Green Zone.
    (AP, 6/1/10)(SFC, 6/2/10, p.A3)
2010        Jun 1, Iranian-backed Islamic Jihad in the Gaza Strip said three of its members have been killed in an Israeli airstrike in northern Gaza. The Israeli military confirmed it carried out an airstrike, and Gaza's chief medical examiner also says there were three deaths. The fighters were killed shortly after firing rockets into southern Israel. Israeli authorities said the rockets landed in open areas and caused no injuries.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, PM Bruce Golding said Jamaica will launch a sustained assault on gangs that control poor communities across the island and fuel one of the world's highest murder rates.
    (AP, 6/2/10)
2010        Jun 1, A court in Morocco sentenced Ibrahim Lee Murray (32), a cage fighter with British and Moroccan nationality, to 10 years in jail for Britain's biggest cash robbery carried out on Feb 22, 2006.
    (AFP, 6/2/10)
2010        Jun 1, Pro-Palestinian activists sent another boat to challenge Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak ordered the opening of the Rafah border crossing to allow humanitarian aid into the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, Philippine officials said elementary and high schools will start teaching basic sex education as a pilot program in the conservative Roman Catholic nation, brushing aside concerns by church leaders that it may encourage promiscuity among the youth.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, Thailand's PM Abhisit Vejjajiva defended himself against a censure motion in Parliament and said there would be an independent investigation into whether the army used undue force to clear anti-government protesters from Bangkok's streets.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, Turkey's prime minister declared that Israel had carried out a "bloody massacre" by killing nine people on a Gaza-bound Turkish aid ship and said the two countries had reached a turning point in their long-standing alliance.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, Ukraine's new president, accused by opponents of moving the country into Moscow's orbit, outlined a foreign policy bill that ditches his predecessor's aim to join NATO but keeps EU membership as a long-term goal.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, In Zimbabwe a taxi van crashed head-on into a military bus, killing 16 people and seriously injuring three others.
    (AP, 6/2/10)

2011        Jun 1, Space shuttle Endeavour and its 6 astronauts landed at Cape Canaveral following a 2-week mission to the Int’l Space Station. This was Endeavour’s last mission. It will now go to the California Science Center in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 1, A California-based company, Seeking to capitalize on Arizona's newly enacted medical marijuana law, opened a superstore-sized garden center in Phoenix catering to those who want to grow their own cannabis.
    (Reuters, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, San Francisco Mayor Lee rolled out his first budget, a $6.8 billion spending plan for the fiscal year beginning July 1.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 1, Illinois became the 6th US state to allow civil unions or their equivalent.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 1, In Massachusetts at least two late-afternoon tornadoes shocked emergency officials with their suddenness and violence. At least 3 people were killed in the state's first tornado-related deaths in 16 years.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, Pennsylvania and the city of Philadelphia embarked on a 25-year, $2 billion effort to reduce storm water pollution through eco-friendly measures.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 1, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Argentina enacted a law criminalizing money laundering.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 1, Bahrain ended emergency rule in Manama, but police remained at numerous checkpoints in the city. At least 30 people have been killed since protests began in February.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 1, Ethiopia's Pres. Girma Wolde Giorgis said the government has commuted the death sentences of 23 high-ranking officials from the ousted communist regime. The sentences were reduced to 25 years.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, The Organization of American States voted 32-1 to allow Honduras to rejoin the OAS. Only Ecuador voted against the measure.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 1, India pledged to help strengthen the capabilities of Afghanistan's security forces after a meeting between the defense ministers of both countries in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Iran's parliament voted to take Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to court over his takeover of the country's lucrative oil ministry, escalating the power struggle between the president and the hard-line establishment that has turned against him.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Iran’s government media said Haleh Sahabi (54), the daughter of a prominent Iranian dissident, died of a heart attack while attending her father's funeral today, but opposition websites said she died in a scuffle with security forces. The elder Sahabi (81) died a day earlier after being hospitalized with a brain hemorrhage.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, NATO agreed to extend its Libyan air war by three months and dismissed charges by Moamer Kadhafi's regime that the bombing campaign has already killed 718 civilians. Libyan oil minister Shukri Ghanem said in Rome that he now supports the rebel insurgency who have set up a de-facto capital in Benghazi. A UN panel said government forces have committed crimes against humanity and war crimes in a conflict that has left an estimated 10-15 thousand people dead.
    (AP, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/2/11)(SFC, 6/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 1, The Mexican government charged 73 suspects in the killings of 183 people whose bodies were recovered during April in mass graves near the US border.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, A Taliban video was made showing Pakistani policemen being executed by firing squad after being captured in Upper Dir. A commander and his fighters opened fire on at least 15 men, who start crying and moaning. They later pump bullets at close-range into bodies still moving. The victims were policemen and paramilitary police captured on June 1.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jun 1, In Peru El Comercio's publisher, Francisco Miro Quesada, responded in the newspaper, calling the accusations by Novelist Mario Vargas Llosa "ill-intentioned untruths" and saying the author's letter was "full of lies." Llosa had angrily pulled his biweekly column from Peru's dominant newspaper on the eve of the presidential runoff election, calling El Comercio "a propaganda machine" for conservative candidate Keiko Fujimori.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes says his Central American country will allow citizens living abroad to vote in the 2014 presidential election.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Sri Lanka's police chief quit, taking responsibility for officers firing live bullets that killed one man and wounded more than 150 protesters near the capital this week.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Sudanese farmers clashed with police in Gezira state, Sudan's agricultural heartland, while demonstrating against an "unacceptable" government offer to buy their land. Under the Gezira Scheme, set up by colonial ruler Britain in 1925 to cultivate cotton and spanning 840,000 hectares of land divided into lots of 20 feddans (around 8-9 hectares), Khartoum was supposed to pay the farmers rent in return for a share of production, but had not done so for more than 40 years.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, The Syrian government freed hundreds of political prisoners in an amnesty and the president set up a committee for national dialogue in an effort to end the 10-week uprising. Syrian military forces killed 42 people in raids around Homs. Over 300 Syrian exiles gathered in Antalya, Turkey, to discuss alternatives to Bashar Assad’s rule.
    (AP, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/2/11)(SFC, 6/2/11, p.A2)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.57)
2011        Jun 1, Taiwan-based Acer Inc, the world No. 2 PC maker, said it will take a $150 million charge to write off inventory and doubtful payments in Europe and will cut 300 jobs there in the latest upheaval following the sudden departure of its CEO in March. Acer charged its former chief executive officer, Gianfranco Lanci, with performance issues, after he had criticized the company's resistance to globalization in interviews with the media.
    (Reuters, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, In Thailand customs authorities found 431 turtles and other rare reptiles stuffed into four suitcases and smuggled into the Bangkok airport.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, Tunisia's coast guard launched operations to rescue would-be immigrants trapped on a fishing boat that stalled off the country's coast. The boat was believed to have set sail from Libya and was en route to Italy with an estimated 800 would-be immigrants. At least 583 of the estimated 800 people on board survived the sinking.
    (AP, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/2/11)(AP, 6/3/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 1, In Yemen 14 soldiers were killed in overnight fighting with the tribesmen. Fresh fighting killed at least 41 people including combatants from both sides.
    (Reuters, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/1/11)

2012        Jun 1, In California federal prosecutors announced charges against 2 Sacramento County sheriff’s deputies, Ryan McGowan (31) and Thomas Lu (42), accused of illegally selling dozens of weapons.
    (SFC, 6/1/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker rammed a truck packed with explosives into an outer security checkpost of NATO’s Forward Operating Base Salerno, killing up 14 militants in Khost province. A British soldier was shot dead while on patrol in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)(AFP, 6/2/12)(SFC, 6/2/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 1, Australian researchers reported that eating a block of dark chocolate daily over 10 years has "significant" benefits for high-risk cardiac patients and could prevent heart attacks and strokes.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, BP said it was ready to offload its stake in troubled Russian joint venture TNK-BP after the shock resignation of the partnership's chief executive earlier this week. Russian tycoon Mikhail Fridman resigned on May 28 as TNK-BP head and threw one of BP's most profitable overseas operations into turmoil.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, China and Japan started direct currency trading as Beijing marked another stage on its journey to foster the yuan's use internationally in line with its growing economic clout.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, In the Dominican Rep. new work requirements took effect, but the government said the rules won't be enforced until month's end. A large number of Haitian workers were particularly impacted.
    (AP, 6/11/12)
2012        Jun 1, India's central bank warned economic growth could fall further after the country's worst quarterly figures in nine years, as business leaders and newspapers blasted the government over the slump.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, In Kosovo NATO peacekeepers exchanged fire with angry Serb protesters seeking to prevent int’l. troops from removing roadblocks in the tense north.
    (SFC, 6/2/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 1, In Myanmar Tint Swe, head of the Press Scrutiny and Registration Department (PSRD), said he will release its iron grip on the country's media, effective from the end of June, in the latest significant reform for a country emerging from decades of repression.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, Nigerian police in Lagos used tear gas to try to disperse a crowd of several hundred university students angry at the president's decision to change the name of their school. On May 29 President Goodluck Jonathan said the University of Lagos, known as UNILAG, would be renamed Moshood Abiola University in honor of a political prisoner who died in jail over a decade ago.
    (AP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, A Palestinian militant sneaked into Israel at the border separating the Hamas-run Gaza Strip and southern Israel, opening fire on Israeli troops and killing one soldier. The troops fired back, killing the infiltrator.
    (AP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, In Syria gunmen killed 11 workers at a state-owned fertilizer factory near Qusair, Homs province, the second execution-style shooting reported in Syria in less than a week. A previously unknown Syrian rebel group said it is holding 11 Lebanese Shiite pilgrims kidnapped on May 22 after crossing into Syria from Turkey on their way to Lebanon. State TV aired interviews with two witnesses from Houla who said the victims of the massacres were members of families that support the government and did not take part in anti-Assad protests.
    (AP, 6/1/12)(AP, 6/2/12)
2012        Jun 1, In Thailand Suu Kyi spoke to the World Economic Forum in Bangkok where she urged the international community to exercise "healthy skepticism" toward Myanmar's much-touted reform process.
    (AP, 6/1/12)
2012        Jun 1, The UN Human Rights Council in Geneva voted overwhelmingly to condemn Syria over the slaughter of more than 100 civilians last week. Only Russia, China and Cuba voted against the resolution, with Uganda and Ecuador abstaining. The Philippines was absent.
    (AP, 6//12)

2013        Jun 1, In Afghanistan 3 NATO service members and a civilian working with the international coalition were killed in three separate attacks in the east and south. An explosion from a roadside bomb killed 4 civilians, including a child, when their vehicle was hit in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/1/13)(AP, 6/2/13)
2013        Jun 1, Protesters dressed as badgers and led by Queen guitarist Brian May marched through central London demanding that the government scrap a plan to cull badgers, aimed at slowing the spread of a cattle disease.
    (Reuters, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, In Indonesia a truck driver died at the Grasberg mine, owned by Arizona-based Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc., a day after he was injured when liquid ore material flowed into his vehicle.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 1, Iranian police arrested at least 7 people at a gathering to support candidate Hasan Rowhani in northern Tehran. The arrests were made after many participants chanted slogans calling for the release of Mir Hossein Mousavi, an opposition leader and candidate in Iran's disputed 2009 elections who has been under house arrest for more than two years.
    (AP, 6/2/13)
2013        Jun 1, Iranian news said 6 Iranians have died and 348 have been sickened after drinking poisonous alcohol in the southeastern Kerman province. Most had consumed the bad alcohol on May 29.
    (AP, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, UN figures showed that 1,045 civilians and security personnel were killed in Iraq in May. That surpassed the 712 killed in April, the deadliest month recorded since June 2008.
    (AP, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, In Japan officials from 50 African nations gathered for a 3-day talk about trade, growth and other issues.
    (AP, 6/2/13)
2013        Jun 1, Kyrgyzstan officials said protesters have lifted their blockade of a Canadian gold mine in the east, but their supporters in the south continued their siege of a local governor's headquarters.
    (AP, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, Eighteen rockets and mortar rounds fired from Syria struck the Baalbek region of eastern Lebanon. There were no casualties.
    (AP, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, In Niger 3 members of the Islamic extremist group Boko Haram tried to escape from the central prison in Niamey. They managed to grab a gun and killed 2 security guards. All three were recaptured. 22 prisoner escaped including Cheibani Ould Hama, a member of al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb. He was first arrested in 2009 and is accused of having assassinated four Saudi Arabians and an American.
    (AP, 6/2/13)(AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 1, A magnitude 5.7 earthquake hit the southern Philippines late today, injuring at least 33 people and damaging more than 140 houses.
    (AP, 6/2/13)
2013        Jun 1, In Russia a ban on smoking in public places took effect.
    (SSFC, 6/2/13, p.A6)
2013        Jun 1, In Russia Maria Alekhina, a jailed member of the punk group Pussy Riot, reportedly ended her 11-day hunger strike after prison authorities met her demands. She had complained that officials at her prison colony in the Ural Mountains attempted to turn fellow inmates against her with a security crackdown.
    (AP, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, Russian security forces conducted a military-style operation to detain Said Amirov (59), the mayor of Makhachkala, Dagestan, on murder charges. Amirov was accused of staging the killing of a senior investigator with the local branch of the Investigative Committee in 2011.
    (AP, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, In Syria clashes between troops and Hezbollah fighters with rebels in Qusair left at least one opposition gunman dead. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that at least 31 detainees have been killed by rebel shelling of the city's central prison over the past two weeks.
    (AP, 6/1/13)
2013        Jun 1, In Turkey Ethem Sarisuluk (26) was shot in the head during protests in Ankara. He was kept alive but later declared brain-dead. A court later released his alleged killer on the grounds of self-defence.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.49)(
2013        Jun 1, In Yemen suspected US drone strikes killed 7 suspected al-Qaida militants in the group's southern stronghold of Abyan. Two gunmen on a motorbike shot and killed Colonel Yahya al-Umaysi, the commander of an air base in Sayoun city, Hadramawt province.
    (AP, 6/1/13)

2014        Jun 1, In NYC a man fatally stabbed Prince Joshua Avitto (6) and wounded Mikayla Capers (7) as they rode an elevator to a Brooklyn apartment to get ice cream.  A man fled leaving behind the knife. On June 5 police charged Daniel St. Hubert, a recently released convict, with murder and other crimes.
    (SFC, 6/3/14, p.A6)(SFC, 6/7/14, p.A4)
2014        Jun 1, The crown prince of Abu Dhabi and other international donors said they are committing a combined $80 million to fund the conservation of lions, tigers and other wild cats.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, Cameroon state radio said security forces have killed some 40 Boko Haram militants in clashes in the country's far north, shortly after the release of two Italian priests and a Canadian nun suspected to have been held by the Islamist group.
    (Reuters, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, Egypt's stock market witnessed a sharp plunge that forced a temporary suspension of trading after reports of a newly proposed government tax on capital gains which experts said was hardly explained to investors.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, In El Salvador Sanchez Ceren (69) was sworn in as president.
    (SFC, 6/2/14, p.A4)
2014        Jun 1, Thousands of people marched through downtown Hong Kong to remember the June 4, 1989, bloody crackdown on the Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing, days before the 25th anniversary of the tumultuous event.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, In India a three-story building under construction collapsed in New Delhi, killing at least 3 people and injuring 13.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, Iranian officials attended a ceremony to mark the death of Gen. Abdollah Eskandari, who was recently killed in Syria.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, Iran executed a prisoner linked to the opposition group Mujahedeen-e-Khalq. Gholamreza Khosravi was sentenced to death in 2010 for providing photos of the country's military facilities as well as financial aid to the MEK, and for helping to recruit for the group.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, In Iraq 40 people were killed in nationwide unrest, including 22 who died as a result of clashes and shelling in and around Fallujah.
    (AP, 6/2/14)
2014        Jun 1, Kuwait's emir began a visit to Iran, the first by a ruler of the US-allied Gulf Arab state since the 1979 Islamic revolution, underscoring improving ties between Tehran and its Arab neighbors.
    (Reuters, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, A Libyan air force jet bombed positions held by Islamic militants in the eastern city of Benghazi, apparently as part of a renegade general's ongoing offensive.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, In Nigeria a bombing at a football match killed at least 40 people in Mubi, Adamawa state.
    (AFP, 6/2/14)
2014        Jun 1, Spanish police arrested six more people after a sixth night of clashes with youths in Barcelona.
    (AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Jun 1, Thailand's ruling junta deployed thousands of security forces on the streets of Bangkok to thwart another round of small-scale protests denouncing last month's military coup. The military junta presented a list of emergency measures such as price caps on fuel and loan guarantees for small firms to kick-start an economy threatened by recession after months of political turmoil.
    (AP, 6/1/14)(Reuters, 6/2/14)

2015        Jun 1, Key provisions of the US Patriot Act expired early today after the Senate failed to prevent their lapse, plunging US national security efforts into potential disarray as the country faces persistent extremist threats.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, US-led NATO drills began in the Baltic states and Poland, a move intended to reassure Russia's nervous neighbors amid tensions over Ukraine.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, Jean Ritchie (92), Kentucky-born folk singer, died at her home in Berea, Ky.
    (SFC, 6/3/15, p.D2)
2015        Jun 1, A Canadian court ordered tobacco firms to pay Can$15.5 billion (US$12.4 billion) to smokers in Quebec who claimed they were never warned about the health risks associated with smoking. Imperial Tobacco Canada, Rothmans Benson & Hedges and JTI-MacDonald said they would appeal.
    (AFP, 6/2/15)
2015        Jun 1, In China the cruise boat Eastern Star was hit by a freak tornado and capsized on the Yangtze River with 456 people onboard. By the next day only 14 people, including the ship's captain, were found alive since the ship capsized. The disaster left at least 103 people dead and nearly 340 missing. The numbers were later reduced to 12 survivors and 442 dead.
    (Reuters, 6/2/15)(Reuters, 6/3/15)(AP, 6/5/15)(AFP, 6/13/15)
2015        Jun 1, In China the official Hebei Daily newspaper said China’s biggest steelmaking province, Hebei, will order its big industrial emitters to pay for the pollution they discharge via a regional trading scheme beginning next year.
    (Reuters, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, In China a ban on smoking in public places in Beijing went into effect.
    (SFC, 6/2/15, p.A2)
2015        Jun 1, In India journalist Jagendra Singh was set on fire and killed in Uttar Pradesh state. Before he succumbed to his burns, Singh implicated Uttar Pradesh's dairy minister, Ram Murti Verma, and two police officers in the attack.
    (AP, 6/22/15)
2015        Jun 1, Iran’s Fars news agency reported that Iranian Mahan Air, that acquired nine passenger jets in defiance of US sanctions, will begin using them on international routes this week. Mahan Air acquired eight second-hand Airbus A340s and one Airbus A321 in early May. The US Treasury imposed sanctions on two firms based in Iraq and the United Arab Emirates on suspicion of helping the purchase.
    (Reuters, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, In Iraq 3 Islamic State suicide bombers targeted a police base in western Anbar province with explosives-laden Humvees, killing at least 47 police and Shiite militiamen in the Tharthar area north of the IS-held Ramadi.
    (AP, 6/1/15)(AP, 6/2/15)
2015        Jun 1, Kenya police said they have launched an investigation into photos posted on social media that appear to show officers mercilessly whipping a group of young Somali men.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, In Lebanon at least 6 people were killed when dozens of tents at a Syrian refugee camp in the Bekaa Valley caught fire.
    (Reuters, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, Malaysian media reported that Muslim Rohingya women who were held at human-trafficking camps in Thailand and Malaysia were subjected to gang rapes by their captors, assaults that left at least two of them pregnant.
    (AFP, 6/2/15)
2015        Jun 1, The government of Mauritius designated Ameenah Gurib-Fakim (56) as the Indian Ocean island nation's new president, making her the first woman to hold the ceremonial position.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, Nigeria's anti-corruption agency said it has arrested six senior officials from the country's central bank and 16 from commercial banks over alleged currency fraud. The former governor of Adamawa state, Murtala Nyako (72), turned himself in for questioning at the country's anti-graft agency following claims of money laundering.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)(AFP, 6/2/15)
2015        Jun 1, In southeast Nigeria armed robbers shot and hacked to death Denis Dagnan (62) a French tourist camping with his wife in the bush. His wife Lavaud Liana Dagnan (53) was unharmed.
    (AP, 6/4/15)
2015        Jun 1, In Northern Ireland paying for sex became illegal today making it the only part of Britain to adopt more stringent legislation aimed at punishing clients of prostitutes instead of sex workers.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, Romania slashed its sales tax on food and non-alcoholic drinks in a move the government hopes will generate jobs, boost consumer spending and help the poor.
    (AP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, In South Africa a lion leapt through an open car window and mauled to death an American tourist at a privately-run game park just outside Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, South Korea and China signed a free trade deal that will remove tariffs on more than 90 percent of goods over two decades.
    (AP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, South Korean health officials said more than 680 people are being isolated after having contact with patients infected with the MERS virus that has killed hundreds of people in the Middle East.
    (AP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, In Tanzania elephant census figures showed a "catastrophic decline" of around 60 percent over the last five years.
    (AFP, 6/2/15)
2015        Jun 1, Ukraine said at least 2 civilians and 3 Ukrainian troops have been killed in eastern Ukraine despite the ongoing cease-fire over the last 24 hours. The UN said that more than 6,400 people had been killed from the beginning of the conflict in mid-April 2014 to May 30, 2015.
    (AP, 6/1/15)(AFP, 6/1/15)
2015        Jun 1, In Yemen at least 8 civilians were killed and 20 wounded in explosions sparked by Saudi-led air strikes on rebel arms depots in Sanaa. Some 15 Houthi fighters were killed in clashes late today with pro-Hadi fighters in Dhalea province.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)    (Reuters, 6/2/15)

2016        Jun 1, NASA said researchers in the United States and Canada have located 39 unreported sources of major pollution using a new satellite-based method. The unreported sources of toxic sulfur dioxide emissions are clusters of coal-burning power plants, smelters and oil and gas operations in the Middle East, Mexico and Russia that were found in an analysis of satellite data from 2005 to 2014.
    (Reuters, 6/2/16)
2016        Jun 1, In southern California engineering Prof. William Klug (39) was shot and killed at UCLA’s engineering complex. Mainak Sarkar (38), an Indian-American engineer, then killed himself. Sarkar had already killed his estranged wife in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 6/2/16, p.A6)(AP, 6/3/16)
2016        Jun 1, The Brazos River in Texas surged to its highest in more than a century in an area outside of Houston. The National Weather Service (NWS) issued a flash flood watch for large parts of the state and said storms lasting until the weekend could send even more rivers over their banks.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Ford Motor Co. said it is recalling nearly 1.9 million vehicles in North America to replace faulty passenger-side front air bags made by Japanese supplier Takata Corp.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban gunmen disguised in women's burqas and wearing military uniforms underneath stormed a court building in, killing five civilians and a policeman in Ghazni. In the northern Balkh province district police chief Bismullah Khan was killed when his vehicle struck a roadside bomb. In the north 17 people were kidnapped by insurgents in Sari Pul province. 2 Afghan men and a woman working for an international aid organization were shot dead in the Shekh Ali district of the northwestern Parwan province.
    (AP, 6/1/16)(AP, 6/2/16)
2016        Jun 1, A special court in Bangladesh sentenced a man to death and two of his associates to life in prison after finding them guilty of killing two local fighters during the country's 1971 war of independence against Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Mohamed Nasheed, a former president of the Maldives now in exile in Britain after being ousted from office and jailed in his country, formed an opposition group aimed at toppling the government of President Abdulla Yameen.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Egyptian and French investigators said a French search vessel has picked up signals from one of the black boxes of EgyptAir flight MS804, which crashed May 19.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Egypt opened its border with Gaza for the second time in a month, giving Palestinians a four-day respite from a closure stemming from friction between Cairo and the enclave's Islamist rulers.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, The European Union said Poland's government is not following the rule of law as required by the bloc's membership and has taken a step toward sanctions.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Transport chaos hit France, just nine days before the Euro 2016 football tournament, as railway workers went on strike in the latest salvo of a months-long battle between the government and unions.
    (AFP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, In France Paris City Hall closed roads along the shore of the Seine from the Left Bank in the east to the Eiffel Tower neighborhood in the west after the Seine River overflowed its banks and floods hit towns across France.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, In Honduras Rene Martinez (39), a leader in the gay community, was kidnapped in the city of San Pedro Sula. His body was found two days later.
    (AP, 6/4/16)
2016        Jun 1, PM Haider al-Abadi said Iraq delayed its assault on the city of Falluja because of fears for the safety of civilians, as his forces halted at the city's edge in the face of ferocious resistance from Islamic State fighters.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, A Malawi court banned witchdoctors from operating in the impoverished southern African country following a spate of albino killings linked to witchcraft.
    (AFP, 6/2/16)
2016        Jun 1, In Mauritania 8 women were trampled to death in a stampede to receive alms being distributed by a charity ahead of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
    (Reuters, 6/2/16)
2016        Jun 1, Dutch prosecutors raided a string of locations and seized cash and hundreds of thousands of fraudulent letters in an investigation into worldwide mail scams. The next day US law enforcement authorities said the scams had defrauded "elderly and vulnerable" Americans out of tens of millions of dollars.
    (AP, 6/2/16)
2016        Jun 1, Pakistan imposed full border controls across the Afghan-Pakistan border at Torkham near the Khyber Pass.
    (Econ, 6/11/16, p.41)
2016        Jun 1, Police in Romania detained 26 people, including a number of border police officers, on charges of smuggling cigarettes and fake Rolex watches and helping migrants illegally enter from Serbia.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Thousands of Romanian teachers demonstrated to demand higher salaries, rallying outside the government's main offices in Bucharest then marching through the capital.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Russian social media users voiced their outrage at Twitter's decision a day earlier to suspend popular accounts parodying Pres. Vladimir Putin and other officials.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, The Russian Defense Ministry said that a temporary ceasefire, which it called a "regime of calm", had taken effect for 48 hours in the Damascus suburb of Daraya to allow for the distribution of humanitarian aid to civilians.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Saudi Arabia sentenced 14 people to death for terrorism after they were convicted of attacks on police in the Shi'ite Muslim minority area of Qatif in the Eastern Province. Another nine people were given jail sentences of three to 15 years and one was acquitted.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Somalia said intelligence agents have killed Sheik Mohamed Mohamud aka Dulyadin, who was the head of al Shabaab's intelligence wing, known as Amniyat. The commander was suspected of organizing the 2015 attack on Kenya's Garissa University that left 148 people dead.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)(AFP, 6/19/16)
2016        Jun 1, In Somalia Shabaab gunmen stormed the Ambassador Hotel in central Mogadishu. Over the next 12 hours they killed at least 15 people including two members of parliament in the latest attack by the Al-Qaeda group. All the gunmen were killed by the security forces.
    (AFP, 6/2/16)(SFC, 6/3/16, p.A2)
2016        Jun 1, In Spain American bionic limb specialist Hugh Herr (51) won the Princess of Asturias 2016 scientific research prize in recognition of his work to improve mobility for people with disabilities.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, In Switzerland European dignitaries inaugurated the 57-km (35.4-mile) Gotthard Railway Tunnel, a major engineering achievement deep under the Alps' snow-capped peaks. It took 17 years to build at a cost of 12.2 billion Swiss francs ($12 billion).
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, In Syria Kurdish-led Syrian fighters launched a new advance on Manbij. The US-led international coalition fighting the Islamic State group said it had conducted 18 air strikes near the strategic town of Manbij in northern Syria over the last 24 hours with at least 15 civilians killed. The strikes destroyed an IS headquarters, six IS-used bridges, communication towers, and eight IS fighting positions, among other targets. The Kurdish militia also launched an offensive to capture the IS-held Tabqa air base.
    (AFP, 6/1/16)(SFC, 6/2/16, p.A2)
2016        Jun 1, Thai authorities found dozens of dead tiger cubs inside a freezer at the Wat Pha Luang Ta Bua temple in western Kanchanaburi province.
    (AFP, 6/2/16)

2017        Jun 1, US Pres. Donald Trump announced that his administration would immediately stop implementing the 195-nation Paris accord on climate change brokered by Barack Obama in 2015 in tandem with Chinese leaders. Trump spelled out that the US would no longer contribute to the Green Climate Fund, a UN initiative to use rich countries’ money to bring climate finance to developing ones.
    (AFP, 6/2/17)(Econ 6/10/17, p.73)
2017        Jun 1, US Pres. Donald Trump signed an order keeping the US Embassy in Tel Aviv for at least another six months.
    (SFC, 6/2/17, p.A2)
2017        Jun 1, California Gov. Jerry Brown joined with New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo and Washington state Gov. Jay Inslee to announce a new alliance of states dedicated to fight global warming and urged other states to join them.
    (SFC, 6/2/17, p.A1)
2017        Jun 1, Samer El Debek (37) of Dearborn, Mi., was arrested in Livonia, Mi., for trying to providing support to Hezbollah’s Islamic Jihad organization. Ali Kourani (32) was arrested in the Bronx on the same charges.
    (SFC, 6/9/17, p.A4)
2017        Jun 1, Scientists said an expanse of ice roughly the size of Delaware is close to breaking off from the warming Antarctic ice shelf to form one of the world's largest-ever icebergs. A68a broke off and later threatened to block wildlife on Britain's South Georgia island.
    (AFP, 6/1/17)(SSFC, 12/6/20, p.C18)
2017        Jun 1, It was reported that a consortium of entertainment and cannabis veterans, including musician Damian Marley and Colorado pot sellers, have acquired a controlling interest in High Times magazine as at valuation of $70 million.
    (SFC, 6/1/17, p.D1)
2017        Jun 1, Brazilian federal police carried out raids in a probe of suspected corruption in the 2012 mayoral race in Sao Paulo, South America's largest city. Federal police in Rio de Janeiro carried out raids and served one arrest warrant in a probe of suspected fraud in contracts to supply meals to schools and prisons.
    (Reuters, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, In northern Cameroon two young girl suicide bombers detonated their explosives in the village of Djakana, lightly injuring two members of a local civilian self-defense force.
    (Reuters, 6/2/17)
2017        Jun 1, China’s new cybersecurity law came into effect. It required foreign firms to store data they collect on Chinese customers within the country’s borders.
    (Econ 6/3/17, p.60)(Econ 7/29/17, p.11)
2017        Jun 1, In China rules too effect baring private or foreign companies from directly disseminating news or investing in online news services.
    (SFC, 6/24/17, p.D1)
2017        Jun 1, Germany and China vowed to expand their partnership and pledged to continue fighting climate change as Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visited Berlin, sending a signal to Washington hours before US President Donald Trump announces if he will quit a global climate deal.
    (Reuters, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, India's troops fired mortars and used small arms to target civilians in border towns in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing a villager. Another four civilians were wounded in the shelling, which the Pakistani military said was in violation of a cease-fire agreement. Pakistani troops returned fire.
    (AP, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, In Iraq at least seven civilians were killed and 23 wounded by Islamic State mortar shells as they tried to flee Mosul's militant-controlled Zanjili district. A resident said IS militants have blocked the area around the highly symbolic al-Nuri mosque in Mosul's Old City where the group's leader made his first and only public appearance in 2014. It was later reported that at least 163 people were shot and killed by the Islamic State group to prevent them from fleeing Mosul.
    (Reuters, 6/1/17)(AP, 6/1/17)(AFP, 6/6/17)
2017        Jun 1, Thousands of troops from NATO and its partner nations began training on land and sea in Poland and Romania, in two major exercises that aim to demonstrate their cooperation and rapid response capabilities at a time when the region feels threatened by Russia.
    (AP, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, In Niger six members of the security forces were killed when heavily-armed attackers ambushed a military position in Abala, near the border with Mali.
    (AFP, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, In Niger local officials in Agadez said at least 44 Libya-bound migrants, including women and babies, died of thirst after their vehicle broke down in the scorching Sahara desert.
    (AFP, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, A Palestinian girl (15) was shot after stabbing an Israeli soldier near a settlement in the West Bank. Nouf Infeat died of her wounds the next day.
    (AP, 6/2/17)
2017        Jun 1, The UN agency for Palestinian refugees (UNRWA) found "part of a tunnel in Gaza that passed under two adjacent agency schools in the Maghazi camp" during construction work while the schools were empty during the summer holiday.
    (AFP, 6/10/17)
2017        Jun 1, In South Africa leaked documents released by the media alleging improper dealings in government contracts opened President Jacob Zuma up to renewed scrutiny. Investigative journalists at AmaBhungane, a non-profit group that has a strong track record of exposing what it says are government corruption scandals, released some of more than 100,000 leaked emails and documents.
    (Reuters, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, A court in northern Tunisia handed one-month jail terms to four men for eating in public during the Muslim dawn-to-dusk fasting month of Ramadan. Tunisia has no specific law banning eating in public during Ramadan, a controversy which resurfaces each year in the North African country.
    (AFP, 6/1/17)
2017        Jun 1, A leaked audio recording posted online voiced Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev harshly criticizing officials in charge of finance and banking. Mirziyoyev berates an official identified by news website as Deputy Central Bank Chairman Saidkamol Khodjaev and criticizing Deputy Prime Minister Rustam Azimov.
    (Reuters, 6/1/17)

2018        Jun 1, President Donald Trump declared that his on-and-off June 12 summit in Singapore with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was on again.
    (AP, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, US health officials said tainted lettuce grown in Yuma, Arizona, has left five people dead and at least 197 left ill in 35 states.
    (SFC, 6/2/18, p.A5)
2018        Jun 1, An anonymous bidder offered $3,300,100 for a private lunch with Warren Buffett, head of Nebraska-based Berkshire Hathaway, in a benefit for San Francisco's Glide Foundation to help the homeless. This was the third highest bid in eighteen years that Buffett has offered the lunch.
    (SFC, 6/2/18, p.A8)
2018        Jun 1, Eddy Clearwater (83), Mississippi-born Chicago bluesman, died at his home in Skokie, Ill.
    (SFC, 6/7/18, p.D2)
2018        Jun 1, A judge in Iowa agreed to temporarily block the most restrictive abortion law in the country from taking effect next month.
    (SFC, 6/2/18, p.A5)
2018        Jun 1, In Massachusetts Shaun Harrison (58), a former high school dean, was sentenced to up to 26 years in prison for shooting and nearly killing a student on March 3, 2015, he had recruited to sell marijuana for him.
    (SFC, 6/2/18, p.A5)
2018        Jun 1, Missouri governor Eric Greitens quit his position, but he approved 77 new laws before he officially left the building. One of those criminalized "nonconsensual dissemination of private sexual images" (or threatening to do so)... which was the very thing that started his downfall. Lt. Gov. Mike Parson was sworn in as the state's new governor shortly after the resignation of Gov. Eric Greitens took effect.
    (Engadget, 6/3/18)(SFC, 6/2/18, p.A6)
2018        Jun 1, In Kansas City, Mo., a police chase ended with four people dead and four seriously injured. Victoria Brown (24), the driver of a Jeep, fled had police and crashed into another car killing three occupants as well as one person in the Jeep. Brown was charged with 2nd-degree murder.
    (SSFC, 6/3/18, p.A8)
2018        Jun 1, In Las Vegas Vietnamese tourists Sang Boi Nghia and Khoung Ba Le Nguyen were found fatally stabbed at their Circus Circus hotel room. Suspect Julius Trotter (31) was arrested On June 7 following a car chase in Chino, Ca.
    (SSFC, 6/3/18, p.A8)(SFC, 6/9/18, p.A6)
2018        Jun 1, In northern New Mexico a wildfire, stoked by low humidity and high temperatures, forced residents in the remote community of Cimarron to flee their homes. By the next day the wildfire doubled in size to 42 square miles.
    (Reuters, 6/2/18)(SSFC, 6/3/18, p.A8)
2018        Jun 1, In New York City pizza delivery worker Pablo Villavicencio, a native of Ecuador, was arrested while making a delivery at the Brooklyn Fort Hamilton Army base after a routine background check revealed a warrant for his arrest for immigration law violations. On June 9 attorneys obtained a temporary stay to block his deportation.
    (SFC, 6/11/18, p.A5)
2018        Jun 1, Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko said his country was ready to bring back border controls with Russia after 20 years of free movement if a recent reimposition of spot checks by Moscow proved to be long-lasting.
    (Reuters, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, Canadian former hostage Joshua Boyle, who has been charged with sexual assault, misleading police and making death threats after returning home from years in captivity in Afghanistan, was granted bail. He will be required to live with his parents in Smith Falls, near Ottawa, under electronic monitoring.
    (AFP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, Czech lawmakers approved government plans to raise the number of troops on foreign missions with their NATO allies, with PM Andrej Babis's ANO party pushing the mandate through over Communist protests on deployments in the Baltics.
    (Reuters, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, The EU fired its first riposte against Washington's punishing steel and aluminum tariffs, joining Canada and Mexico in a brewing global trade war against US protectionism. The EU said it had opened legal challenges to the United States at the World Trade Organization (WTO).
    (AFP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, The European Union and China said they will do their utmost to keep afloat an international agreement to stop Iran developing nuclear weapons despite the US abandoning the pact.
    (AP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, Payment systems giant Visa experienced a hardware issue late today that had left it struggling to process transactions at bars, shops and cash machines across Europe.
    (AFP, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, In Germany a controversial decree requiring Christian crucifixes to be put up at entrances of most public buildings in Bavaria came into force, sparking accusations of identity politics ahead of elections in the state.
    (AFP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, A Hong Kong court ruled that the husband of a male civil servant was not entitled to spousal benefits, overturning a landmark lower court ruling in a setback for the city's LGBT community. In April last year, the High Court ruled that the couple were entitled to spousal benefits, but rejected their bid for a joint tax assessment as a married couple.
    (Reuters, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, Israeli forces shot dead Razan al-Najar (21), a volunteer medic, as she ran toward the border fence, east of the south Gaza city of Khan Younis, in a bid to reach a casualty.
    (Reuters, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, Italy's President Sergio Mattarella presided over a ceremony in which 18 ministers — five of them women — were taking the oath of office to officially form a government coalition of the 5-Star Movement and the League party after three months of political deadlock. Italy Paolo Savona, who was rejected as the economy minister by the president due to his hostility to the euro, was instead sworn in as European affairs minister in the country's new populist government.
    (AP, 6/1/18)(AFP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, In Italy Sergio Marchionne, CEO of Fiat Chrysler, announced a big investment push to make more electrified cars, while acknowledging that traditional engines will continue to dominate production for some time.
    (AP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, Jordan's King Abdullah II ordered the government to freeze new price hikes on fuel and electricity, after angry protests across the cash-strapped country.
    (AFP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, In Kashmir an armored vehicle reportedly drove wildly into a crowd of anti-India protesters, slamming into a half-dozen people and crushing at least two men beneath its wheels, injuring them critically. One man died that night.
    (AP, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, The International Court of Justice (ICJ) said it has dropped a long-running territorial dispute between Malaysia and Singapore by mutual consent. The court said Malaysia this week notified it of its intent to drop its claim to Pedra Branca island, near the opening of the Straits of Singapore.
    (Reuters, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, Mexico's Attorney General's office issued a statement saying it had begun investigations into 28 possible forced disappearances in Nuevo Laredo's home state of Tamaulipas where the Mexican Navy had been accused of involvement.
    (Reuters, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, In central Mexico gunmen shot dead six traffic police in the city of Salamanca. Five people were shot dead in the municipality of Leonardo Bravo in southwestern Guerrero state.
    (Reuters, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, North and South Korea agreed to hold military and Red Cross talks later this month on reducing tensions and resuming reunions of families separated by the 1950-53 Korean War.
    (AP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, In Pakistan gunmen shot and killed an administrative staff member and wounded three security guards in the restive North Waziristan tribal region. Hizbul Ahrar, an offshoot of the Pakistani Taliban, claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, Somalia's militant Islamist group al Shabaab retook Muqokori, a small town in the center of the country after it was abandoned by government troops. Shabaab militants also attacked a military base in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland the same day, killing several soldiers.
    (Reuters, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, In Spain Socialist leader Pedro Sanchez (46) will become the new prime minister after a no-confidence vote in parliament unseated Mariano Rajoy's conservative government. The end of Rajoy's more than six-year reign as prime minister was the first ouster of a serving leader by parliament in Spain's four decades of democracy.
    (AP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, Spain's National Court sentenced seven men and a woman to between two and 13 years in prison for beating up two police officers and their girlfriends two years ago, but rejected the prosecutors' argument that the defendants should face terror charges.
    (AP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, The Kingdom of eSwatini, formerly known as Swaziland, said it will maintain diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
    (AP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, A small pilot whale died in southern Thailand after an attempted rescue failed to nurse the mammal back to health. An autopsy revealed 80 plastic bags weighing up to eight kg (18 pounds) in the creature's stomach. It was reported that least 300 marine animals including pilot whales, sea turtles and dolphins perish each year in Thai waters after ingesting plastic.
    (AFP, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the ride hailing app Uber is "finished" in Turkey, following intense pressure from Istanbul taxi drivers for the service to be banned.
    (AFP, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, Venezuelan officials said they're taking steps to release activists who government opponents consider to be political prisoners in a gesture aimed at uniting the fractured nation. Former army general Angel Vivas (61) was among 17 people released during a reprieve Maduro said was meant to help national reconciliation. They had been classed as political prisoners by local rights organization Penal Forum. Maduro's government was still reportedly holding more than 300 political prisoners.
    (AP, 6/1/18)(Reuters, 6/2/18)
2018        Jun 1, Vietnamese banker Hua Thi Phan (71) was jailed for 30 years and fined $700 million for embezzlement and wrongdoing, as the government forged ahead with its massive anti-graft sweep. Her 27 co-accused were given between 28 years in jail and a two-year suspended sentence in one of the biggest banking trials in Vietnam in years.
    (AFP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, In Yemen rebels killed 18 pro-government forces and wounded 30 in an attack on the government-held town of el-Faza that last eight hours. Government forces eventually repelled the attack, killing at least 10 rebel fighters.
    (AP, 6/2/18)

2019        Jun 1, In Iowa a flood barrier along the swollen Mississippi River failed flooding four to six blocks of downtown Burlington.
    (SSFC, 6/2/19, p.A14)
2019        Jun 1, In El Salvador Nayib Bukele (37), the former mayor of San Salvador, was sworn in as president.
    (Reuters, 6/6/19)
2019        Jun 1, In Germany Walter Luebcke (65), a politician from Chancellor Angela Merkel's party, was shot dead with a gunshot wound to the head. He was in charge of the Kassel area regional administration. Stephan Ernst (45), a suspected right-wing radical, was arrested two weeks later after police found his DNA at the scene. In 2020 Ernst was charged with murder and a 2nd man was charged as an accessory.
    (AP, 6/3/19)(Reuters, 6/18/19)(SFC, 4/30/20, p.A2)
2019        Jun 1, Former Indonesian first lady Kristiani Herrawati Yudhoyono (66) died of leukemia in a Singapore hospital.
    (AP, 6/1/19)
2019        Jun 1, Tokyo police arrested Hideaki Kumazawa (76), a former top Japanese government official, on suspicion of stabbing to death his 44-year-old son Eiichiro.
    (AP, 6/3/19)
2019        Jun 1, In Lithuania 25 babies took to the red carpet in a crawling race in Vilnius as their parents, grandparents and onlookers cheered the spectacle. This was the 20th annual event staged by a local radio station to mark International Children's Day, celebrated today in this Baltic nation.
    (AP, 6/1/19)
2019        Jun 1, A Pakistani soldier was reported killed by a gun and bomb attack during a patrol in the Boya area of North Waziristan district.
    (AP, 6/1/19)
2019        Jun 1, Pope Francis braved a rain-soaked, twisting drive through the mountains of Transylvania to visit Sumuleu Ciuc shrine, Romania's most famous shrine. He urged Romanian and ethnic Hungarian faithful to work together for their future.
    (AP, 6/1/19)(SSFC, 6/2/19, p.A6)
2019        Jun 1, In central Russia at least two people were reported missing after blasts at the TNT explosives plant Kristall in the town of Dzerzhinsk. 79 people were injured.
    (Reuters, 6/1/19)(SSFC, 6/2/19, p.A4)
2019        Jun 1, A Saudi-hosted Islamic summit threw its support behind Palestinians ahead of a US-led peace plan suspected to be skewed in favor of Israel, as Muslim states rallied around Saudi Arabia over tensions with Iran. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) meeting, was the third and final Iran-focused summit in the holy city of Mecca this week. Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was notably absent from the summit of the 57-member OIC. The Mecca summit refused all illegal Israeli measures aimed at changing facts in occupied Palestinian territories including Jerusalem, and undermining the two-state solution.
    (AFP, 6/1/19)(Reuters, 6/1/19)
2019        Jun 1, In northern Syria two explosions in Raqqa killed ten people.
    (SSFC, 6/2/19, p.A4)

2020        Jun 1, In Washington, DC, police violently broke up a peaceful and legal protest by several thousands in Lafayette Park across from the White House ahead of a Trump speech in the Rose Garden. Trump's following photo op at St. John's Church, a house of worship known as the Church of the Presidents, was condemned by Episcopal Bishop Mariann Edgar Budde. The death toll from the unrest across the country rose to at least nine. The Secret Service later admitted that pepper spray was used to clear protesters from Lafayette Park. In 2021 an internal government investigation determined that the decision to forcibly clear racial justice protesters from the area was not influenced by then-President Donald Trump's plan to stage a Bible-toting photo opportunity at that spot. The report concluded that the protesters were cleared by US Park Police last June 1 so that a contractor could get started installing new fencing.
    (AP, 6/1/20)(AP, 6/2/20)(SFC, 6/15/20, p.A4)(AP, 6/9/21)
2020        Jun 1, The US EPA announced that it had limited state's ability to block the construction of energy infrastructure projects.
    (SFC, 6/2/20, p.A4)
2020        Jun 1, US Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan stepped down as the first head of the Joint AI Center. JAIC, formed in 2018, is the Department of Defense’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) Center of Excellence that provides a critical mass of expertise to help the Department harness the game-changing power of AI.
    (, 5/30/20, p.57)
2020        Jun 1, The Florida Keys reopened after the island chain was closed for more than two months to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.
    (SFC, 6/2/20, p.A5)
2020        Jun 1, Two people were killed during unrest in the Chicago suburb of Cicero amid protests there.
    (AP, 6/2/20)
2020        Jun 1, In Kentucky police officers and National Guard soldiers enforcing a curfew in Louisville, killed a man early today when they returned fire after someone in a large group shot at them first. The mayor of Louisville fired the city’s police chief after David McAtee (53), the owner of a local barbecue restaurant, was killed when police officers and National Guard troops shot toward protesters.
    (AP, 6/1/20)(NY Times, 6/2/20)(AP, 6/2/20)
2020        Jun 1, Police Officer Shay Mikalonis was shot in the head during a Las Vegas Strip protest of the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis. He was paralyzed from the neck down, on a ventilator and unable to speak. Prosecutors later charged Edgar Samaniego (20) with deliberately shooting Mikalonis during the protest.
    (AP, 6/15/20)
2020        Jun 1, In New York an SUV carrying two people who had been shot plowed through a group of law enforcement at a George Floyd demonstration late today in Buffalo, injuring at least two officers.
    (AP, 6/2/20)
2020        Jun 1, In NYC nonviolent protests were punctuated late today by people smashing shop windows near Rockefeller Center and breaching the doors of Macy’s flagship store on 34th Street, littering the pavement with broken glass. In 2021 charges dropped for hundreds of alleged looters.
    (AP, 6/2/20)(NBC News, 6/18/21)
2020        Jun 1, In Manhattan Bruce Bagley (74), a University of Miami professor, pleaded guilty to two counts of money laundering. Bagley blamed Jorge Luis Hernandez, a controversial law enforcement informant, for his career-ending decision to try and hide $3 million in proceeds from a corruption scheme run by Alex Saab, a Miami businessman connected to Venezuela’s socialist government.
    (AP, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, In New Mexico a protest along the historic Route 66 into downtown Albuquerque turned violent early today after police reported demonstrators setting small fires and officers say they were fired upon.
    (AP, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, In North Dakota a shooting early today left two airmen dead at the Grand Forks Air Force Base. No one else was involved in the two fatalities.
    (AP, 6/1/20)(SFC, 6/3/20, p.A4)
2020        Jun 1, Abiomed Inc said the US Food and Drug Administration has granted emergency use authorization for its temporary invasive heart pump to help patients suffering from COVID-19 related right heart failure. It was approved for use in the United States for treating right ventricular failure after cardiac surgery in 2017.
    (Reuters, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, The World Health Organization said officials have confirmed a second Ebola outbreak in Congo. Congolese health authorities have identified six cases in the north near Mbandaka in Equateur province, including four fatalities. Congo has also confirmed 611 cases of COVID-19, including 20 deaths, and the number was rising.
    (AP, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, India registered 230 coronavirus deaths in the last 24 hours, bringing that total to 5,394.
    (SFC, 6/2/20, p.A3)
2020        Jun 1, Iran announced almost 3,000 new coronavirus infections, its highest daily count in two months. The caseload was raised to 154,445 with 2,979 new infections recorded in the past 24 hours. 81 deaths in the past day raised that total to 7,878. Half Iran's fatalities for the past day were recorded in three provinces.
    (AP, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, In Japan anti-harassment legislation went into effect requiring firms to have clear policies in palce and to create internal systems for reporting and verifying claims of abuse. Complaints of power harassment, aka pawahara, had been growing in recent years.
    (Econ., 6/13/20, p.53)
2020        Jun 1, In Kenya residents of a slum in Nairobi protested the death of James Mureithi (51), a homeless man, who they said was killed by police for violating a dusk-to-dawn curfew for the coronavirus.
    (AP, 6/2/20)
2020        Jun 1, Several thousand people marched in New Zealand's largest city to protest the killing of George Floyd in the US as well as to stand up against police violence and racism in their own country.
    (AP, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, The Philippine health ministry reported three new deaths and 552 more confirmed cases of the coronavirus. Total deaths increased to 960 and confirmed cases reached 18,638 as the government eased strict quarantine measures in Manila.
    (Reuters, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, Moscow residents ventured out to exercise, stroll and shop as the city eased a strict nine-week lockdown, but millions remained largely confined to their homes as Russia recorded thousands more coronavirus cases. Russia recorded 9,035 new infections bringing its total to 414,878. The death toll was put at 4,855.
    (AFP, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, Singapore announced plans to build lower-density dormitories for some 100,000 migrant workers. Nearly all of its COVID-19 cases have been among migrant workers.
    (Econ., 6/20/20, p.31)
2020        Jun 1, In South Africa long queues formed outside shops selling alcohol after restrictions on its sale, imposed two months ago as part of measures to fight Covid-19, were lifted.
    (BBC, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, South Korea reporter 24 new coronavirus cases linked to a group of churches near Seoul. The country has reported 11,503 cases and 271 deaths.
    (SFC, 6/2/20, p.A3)
2020        Jun 1, South Korea-based Celltrion said its experimental antibody COVID-19 treatment demonstrated an up to 100-fold reduction in viral load of the disease in animal testing, saying it aims to start human clinical trials in late July.
    (AP, 6/2/20)
2020        Jun 1, Spain recorded 71 new COVID-19 infections over the last 24 hours and no officials deaths from the virus. The official death toll stands at 27,127 with 240,000 confirmed cases.
    (SFC, 6/2/20, p.A3)
2020        Jun 1, Rafiki, one of Uganda's best known mountain gorillas, went missing. His body was discovered by a search party the following day. The silverback, believed to be around 25-years-old when he died in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, was the leader of a group of 17 mountain gorillas. Four men were expected to be charged under a wildlife protection law that was passed last year. In late July Felix Byamukama pleaded guilty to illegally entering a protected area and killing the gorilla and was jailed for 11 years.
    (BBC, 6/12/20)(BBC, 7/30/20)
2020        Jun 1, The United Arab Emirates called on Israel to halt a plan to annex parts of the occupied West Bank, joining a long list of Arab nations that have condemned the expected Israeli move.
    (AP, 6/1/20)
2020        Jun 1, Uruguay's government began reopening schools, with sample testing for COVID-19 of teachers and students.
    (Econ., 6/20/20, p.28)
2020        Jun 1, Aid organizations in war-torn Yemen made an urgent plea for funding to shore up their operations, saying they have already been forced to stop some of their work even as the coronavirus rips through the country.
    (AP, 6/1/20)

2021        Jun 1, President Biden visited Oklahoma and met with survivors of the 1921 attack in the Greenwood section of Tulsa, one of the worst outbreaks of racist violence in American history. “My fellow Americans, this was not a riot," Mr. Biden said, as people in the crowd rose to their feet. “This was a massacre".
    (NY Times, 6/2/21)
2021        Jun 1, The Biden administration suspended oil drilling leases in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
    (NY Times, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, The Biden administration gave Chevron Corp. and several other American companies six more months to wind down their operations in Venezuela.
    (SFC, 6/2/21, p.B2)
2021        Jun 1, The US Supreme Court endorsed Native American tribal police powers, backing the authority of a tribal officer in Montana to stop and search a non-Native American motorist on a public road on reservation land.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, The US Supreme Court declined to hear Johnson & Johnson's bid to overturn a $2.12 billion damages award to women who blamed their ovarian cancer on asbestos in the company's baby powder and other talc products.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, An off-duty Los Angeles County firefighter fatally shot a fellow firefighter and wounded another at their small community fire station in Agua Dulce before going to his nearby home, setting it on fire and apparently killing himself.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021         Jun 1, California to date had 3,764,162 cases of coronavirus and 62,935 deaths. The SF Bay Area had 444,352 cases and 6,608 deaths. Total cases nationwide reached over 33,284,140 with the death toll at 595,181.
    (, 6/2/21)
2021        Jun 1, Ron DeSantis, Florida’s Republican governor, signed a bill banning transgender female student-athletes from competing in women’s sports.
    (NY Times, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, In Iowa a judge accepted the guilty plea of Jennifer Woodley (40), the former CEO of Make-A-Wish Iowa, who pleaded guilty last week to charges of embezzling tens of thousands of dollars from the charity that supports sick children and their families. Woodley's embezzlement totaled nearly $41,000, but restitution has not yet been set.
    (AP, 6/2/21)
2021        Jun 1, Alkermes Plc said the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had approved its treatment, Lybalvi, for schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, Amazon said that it will stop testing jobseekers for marijuana.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, Exabeam, a Silicon Valley startup that helps companies automate the analysis and monitoring of their cybersecurity data, said it raised $200 million in its latest round of funding which valued the company at $2.4 billion.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, The US confirmed that a cyberattack on Brazil-based JBS, the world’s largest meat processor, forced the shutdown of nine beef plants in the United States, and disrupted production at poultry and pork plants.
    (NY Times, 6/1/21)(SFC, 6/2/21, p.B2)
2021        Jun 1, Moderna Inc filed for full US approval of its COVID-19 vaccine, which is currently only authorized for emergency use in the country, becoming the second drugmaker to seek a broader regulatory nod.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, Belarusian political activist Stepan Latypov (41) stabbed himself in the neck on the first day of his trial and was rushed to hospital. Following surgery Latypov was returned to prison.
    (CBS News, 6/2/21)
2021        Jun 1, It was reported that Silicon Catalyst, an incubator of startup companies, has chosen Britain as the site of its first European operation.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, The World Health Organization (WHO) said it has approved a COVID-19 vaccine made by drugmaker Sinovac Biotech for emergency use listing, paving the way for a second Chinese shot to be used in poor countries.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, Representatives of the EU's 27 nations and the European Parliament agreed to a deal requiring large companies in the EU to reveal how much tax they paid in which country.
    (AP, 6/2/21)
2021        Jun 1, Germany's foreign minister rejected the idea of delivering weapons to Ukraine after the country's president indicated that he would like military help from Berlin.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, Germany's public health agency lowered the coronavirus risk level to "high" from "very high" for the first time in 2021, reflecting a fall in the number of new infections.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, An Iranian F-5 fighter jet developed a “technical problem" that killed both of the aircraft's pilots in Dezful.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, In Israel Isaac Herzog, a veteran politician and the scion of a prominent Israeli family, was elected president, a largely ceremonial role that is meant to serve as the nation’s moral compass and promote unity.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, The World Bank said Lebanon’s severe economic and financial crisis is likely to rank as one of the worst the world has seen in more than 150 years.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, In Myanmar no more than a quarter of the country's more than 12 million pupils enrolled for the new school year amid a protest boycott against military rule and in the wake of a series of bombings.
    (Reuters, 6/2/21)
2021        Jun 1, New Zealand announced that is was the latest country to sign a space agreement with NASA. New Zealand became the 11th signatory to the Artemis Accords.
    (SFC, 6/2/21, p.A3)
2021        Jun 1, Nigeria's Pres. Buhari referred on Twitter to the 1967-70 Nigerian Civil War and to treating "those misbehaving today" in "the language they will understand." Twitter soon removed the statement for breaching the site's rules.
    (BBC, 6/5/21)
2021        Jun 1, It was reported that Sicilian mafia boss Giovanni Brusca (64), known as “the pig" and “the people-slayer," has been released early from prison, prompting outrage from his victims’ relatives. He was notorious for having detonated the huge roadside bomb that blew up a crusading anti-mafia prosecutor, Giovanni Falcone, in 1992, and had a child dissolved in acid as revenge against an informant.
    (The Telegraph, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, South Korea's Yonhap news agency said North Korea's ruling party has amended its rules to create a de facto second-in-command under leader Kim Jong Un as he looks to revamp domestic politics.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, Swiss-based Novartis said it has signed a collaboration agreement and option to acquire Cellerys, a Zurich-based startup conducting research on a therapy to fight multiple sclerosis (MS).
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, In Uganda gunmen attacked and wounded Transport Minister and former army commander, Gen Katumba Wamala, killing his daughter and driver.
    (BBC, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, The UN Foundation announced today that top global brands H&M and Banana Republic are once again partnering with UN Free & Equal for Pride Month this June to raise awareness and funds in support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) equality worldwide.
    (PR Newswire, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, The UN said more than 90 percent of people in Ethiopia's war-torn Tigray region need emergency food aid, as it appealed for over $200 million to scale up its response.
    (AP, 6/1/21)   
2021        Jun 1, It was reported that Pope Francis has changed church law to explicitly criminalize the sexual abuse of adults by priests who abuse their authority, and to say that laypeople who hold church office can be sanctioned for similar sex crimes. The new provisions, released today after 14 years of study, were contained in the revised criminal law section of the Vatican’s Code of Canon Law.
    (AP, 6/1/21)

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