Timeline Zambia

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  Zambia, formerly N. Rhodesia, is 2.5 times the size of Great Britain. Zambia has over 70 native tribes.
 (SSFC, 7/8/01, p.T8)(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A17)

299k BC    In 1921 the Broken Hill skull, also called the Kabwe skull in recognition of a nearby town, was discovered by a Swiss miner working in the Broken Hill lead and zinc mine in Northern Rhodesia (later Zambia). In 2020 sophisticated dating methods determined the skull to be about 299,000 years old, plus or minus 25,000 years. Scientists initially assigned the skull to a species they called Homo rhodesiensis. Most scientists in 2020 assign it to the species Homo heidelbergensis, which inhabited parts of Africa and Europe starting about 600,000 years ago.
    (AP, 4/1/20)

10000BC -1500AD    The Bachwezi people, also known as the Ancient Cwezi or Chwezi, were a group of people who legends say ruled the Empire of Kitara (Empire of the Sun), which encompassed a vast area including modern day Uganda, Sudan, northern Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia and Malawi during this period.

1855        David Livingstone, English physician and explorer, first saw the 328-foot waterfall on the Zambezi River. Livingstone named the falls, which straddled the Zambia and Zimbabwe border, Victoria Falls. The local name is Musi-oa-Tunya (the smoke that thunders).
    (SSFC, 5/29/05, p.F2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_Falls)

1873        May 1, David Livingstone (60), British physician, explorer (Africa), died in Chitambo, Zambia. His body passed through Zanzibar for a funeral in London in Apr 18, 1874.
    (www.heroesofhistory.com/page55.html)(SSFC, 7/13/03, p.C9)

1891        Jun 11, Portugal assigned Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a British protectorate.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1904        The Rhodesian Broken Hill Development Company, a British colonial firm, founded a mine around which the Zambian town of Kabwe sprung up. Miners crushed ore to extract lead making the area extremely toxic.
    (Econ., 12/12/20, p.48)

1905        Cecil Rhodes brought about the construction of a 650 foot iron bridge to connect Zambia and Zimbabwe near victoria Falls.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.C4)

1911        North-Eastern Rhodesia and North-Western Rhodesia, administered as separate units, were merged to form the British Colony of Northern Rhodesia (Later Zambia).

1914        In Northern Rhodesia (later Zambia) British officer Captain Kelsey was killed by a leopard.
    (Econ., 2/28/15, p.39)

1921        The Broken Hill skull, also called the Kabwe skull in recognition of a nearby town, was discovered by a Swiss miner working in the Broken Hill lead and zinc mine in Northern Rhodesia (later Zambia). In 2020 sophisticated dating methods determined the skull to be about 299,000 years old, plus or minus 25,000 years. Scientists initially assigned the skull to a species they called Homo rhodesiensis. Most scientists in 2020 assign it to the species Homo heidelbergensis, which inhabited parts of Africa and Europe starting about 600,000 years ago.
    (AP, 4/1/20)

1938        J. Desmond Clark (d.2002) became curator of the David Livingstone memorial Museum and stayed on for 24 years. He moved to UC Berkeley in 1961. His life’s work included over 18 books including “The Pre-history of Africa" (1970).
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A25)

1950-1959    Zambia’s chibuku beer was developed in the 1950s by Max Heinrich, a German brewer. He ramped the indigenous home-brew to a commercial scale. In 1999, after passing through many hands, it was acquired by SAB.
    (Econ, 5/31/14, p.56)

1961        Sep 18, Dag Hammarskjold, Secretary-General of the UN, was killed in a plane crash in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). He was flying to negotiate a cease-fire in the Congo. Hammarskjold was the son of a former Swedish prime minister. In 1953, he was elected to the top UN post and in 1957 was reelected. During his second term, he initiated and directed the United Nation's vigorous role in the Belgian Congo. Hammarskjold had sent Conor O’Brien (1919-2008), an Irish diplomat, to the Congo where a rebellion was openly being backed by Belgium and secretly by Britain and France. O’Brien ordered in UN troops, but the mission ended in disarray and the UN repudiated the mission. O’Brien recounted his version of the events in his book “To Katanga and Back" (1962).
    (TMC, 1994, p.1961)(WUD, 1994, p.1684)(AP, 9/18/97)(SSFC, 12/21/08, p.B6)

1963        May 25, The Organization of African Unity (OAU) was founded, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by Chad, Mauritania & Zambia. Emperor Haile Selassie was among the key African leaders who founded the Organization of African Unity. He oversaw the maiden meeting of the continental body. In 2001 it was replaced the African Union.
    (AP, 5/25/97)(SFC, 7/12/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/10/19)

1963        Northern Rhodesia (later Zambia) ended a federation with Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.63)

1964        Oct 24, Zambia (N. Rhodesia) gained independence from Britain (National Day).  Pres. Kenneth Kaunda and his National Independence Party ran the country until 1991. The country had fewer than 100 university graduates.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2359.htm)(Econ, 9/17/11, p.48)

1967        Sep, The government delegations of China, Tanzania and Zambia held talks in Beijing and formally signed the "Agreement of the Government of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania and the Government of the Republic of Zambia on the Construction of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway".

1969        Zambia's Pres. Kenneth Kaunda nationalized the copper mines, which accounted for 90% of the country's foreign exchange earnings. But the price of copper collapsed, imported oil prices soared, and the economy, already weakened, was soon in serious trouble.
    (BBC, 6/17/21)
1969        Emmanuel Milingo (39) was named archbishop of Lusaka, Zambia.
    (SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)
1969        In Zambia Fort Jameson, the capital of the Eastern province, was renamed Chipata.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.63)

1970        Oct, China began construction of the 1,160 mile Tazara Railway between Lusaka, Zambia and the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam. China brought in its own workers for the project, which in 1976 finished ahead of schedule.
    (www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/ziliao/3602/3604/t18009.htm)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.54)

1972         Zambia's Pres. Kenneth Kaunda declared a one-party state, a situation that was not relaxed until 1991, when free elections were held.
    (BBC, 6/17/21)

1973        Aug 25,  Zambia adopted a constitution.

1976        Jul, China completed the construction of a railway between Tanzania and Zambia.
    (Econ, 2/7/04, p.45)(www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/ziliao/3602/3604/t18009.htm)

1978        May 17, Women were included in the White House honor guard for the first time as President Carter welcomed Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda.
    (AP, 5/17/08)

1980        Apr 1, The southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) was established by 9 countries with the Lusaka declaration (Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). The main aim was coordinating development projects in order to lessen economic dependence on apartheid South Africa.  On August 17, 1992, it was transformed into the Southern African Development Community (SADC). By 2008 it included 15 members.

1981        Vera and Orton Chirwa were abducted from Zambia by Malawi security officials, charged with treason and imprisoned separately and incommunicado for 11 years. Orton Chirwa died in prison in 1992.
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, Par p.5)(www.tomblock.com/detail.php?id=179)

1982        In Zambia Lusaka Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo resigned under pressure for his faith healings and exorcisms. He was brought to Rome as a functionary and retired in 2000. In 2001 he (71) married Marie Sung (43) of South Korea in a NYC wedding conducted by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
    (SFC, 5/28/01, p.A7)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)

1986        May 19, South African commandos struck alleged ANC "operational centers" in Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia.

1991        Oct 31, In Zambia Pres. Kaunda was voted out of office. Pres. Frederick Chiluba and his Movement for Multi-Party Democracy won in the first multi-party elections.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 6/5/96, p.C16)(WSJ, 8/25/97, p.B5A)(BBC, 6/17/21)

1991        Xu Jianxue arrived in Zambia and began a civil-engineering and construction firm with his 4 brothers. Some 300 Chinese lived in Zambia at this time. By 2006 the number was estimated at 3,000.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.53)

1994        In Zambia Francis Grogan and Carl Irwin founded Zambeef with a staff of 60 people. In 2013 the company employed 5,000.
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.68)

1996        May 21, The government of Zambia adopted new constitutional amendments to prevent Kenneth Kaunda from running for president. The amendments require that candidates be at least second-generation Zambians. Kaunda is the son of immigrants from Malawi.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)

1996        Jun 4, In Zambia nine opposition politicians were charged with treason and masterminding the Black Mamba group.
    (SFC, 6/5/96, p.C16)

1996        Jun 16, In Zambia 15 soccer fans were crushed to death and 52 injured during a stampede after Zambia beat Sudan.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)

1996        Nov 20, In Zambia Frederick Chiluba and his Movement for Multiparty Democracy won re-election. Former pres. Kaunda and his United National Independent Party boycotted because he was declared ineligible to run.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.C3)

1997        Aug 24, In Zambia former pres. Kaunda accused Pres. Frederick Chiluba  of trying to kill him after he was wounded by riot police during a protest rally.
    (WSJ, 8/25/97, p.B5A)

1997        Oct 27, In Zambia there was a coup attempt by against Pres. Frederick Chiluba. Scores of people, mostly soldiers, were later arrested and a state of emergency imposed.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A10)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A14)

1997        Dec 25, In Zambia former president Kenneth Kaunda was confined to prison for 28 days on suspicion of being linked to the Oct 27 coup attempt.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A1)

1997        Dec 31, In Zambia former Pres. Kaunda (73) was released from prison and placed under house arrest.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)

1997        In Zambia by UN definition 9% of the children were orphans due to AIDS.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A18)

1998        Jan 10, In Zambia a court filing accused Kenneth Kaunda of paying army officers $270 to stage an October coup, promising another $13,300 if the insurrection was successful.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)

1998        Jan 14, In Zambia  two officers told a court in Lukasa that they were tortured into accusing Kenneth Kaunda of plotting a failed coup.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A1)

1998        Mar 17, In Zambia  the state of emergency imposed last Oct. was lifted.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 1, Zambia dropped charges against former Pres. Kaunda and released him after Kaunda pledged to retire.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A11)

1998        Celtel began mobile phone operations in Zambia. In 2003 it expanded to rural areas and introduced the Me2U service that allowed callers to use text messaging to send airtime credit to other mobiles. The service became a cheap way to transfer money.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.61)

1998        China’s state metals conglomerate bought a moth-balled copper mine in Chambisi, Zambia, bringing in jobs and investments. The Chinese owners soon banned union activity and cut corners on safety.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)

1999        Feb 28, In Zambia a bomb exploded at the Angolan Embassy and 4 other locations in Lusaka.
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.A12)

1999        Mar 31, In Zambia the high court declared former leader Kenneth Kaunda,  born to Malawian missionaries, a non-citizen.
    (WSJ, 4/1/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 3, In Zambia Wazi Kaunda (47), the son of Kenneth Kaunda, was shot and killed by 4 gunmen at his front gate in Lusaka. Kaunda was a senior official in the opposition National Independence Party.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)

2000        cMar 10, In Zambia over 12,000 people lost their homes when the spillways of Kariba Dam in southern Siavonga were opened to relieve pressure.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A6)

2000        Dec 4, In southern Congo over 10,000 refugees were driven into northern Zambia due to renewed fighting over the last 12 days.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A16)

2000        Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines (ZCCM), a state owned monopoly, was privatized after 4 years of negotiations.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.68)

2001        Apr 30, In Zambia  the ruling party nominated Pres. Chiluba for re-election following a vote to amend the constitution.
    (WSJ, 5/1/01, p.A1)

2001        May 2, In Zambia the ruling party ousted Vice Pres. Christon Tembo, 8 Cabinet members and 11 0ther senior officials who opposed Pres. Chiluba’s bid for a 3rd term.
    (SFC, 5/4/01, p.D3)

2001        May 4, In Zambia Pres. Chiluba said he would not run for a 3rd term.
    (SFC, 5/5/01, p.D2)

2001        May 27, Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo of Zambia married Maria Sung in a mass ceremony conducted by Rev. Sun Myung Moon in NYC. In Aug Milingo was reported to have recommitted his life to the Catholic Church. Marie Sung went on a hunger strike. Sung later resigned herself to Milingo’s return to the Church.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A6)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)

2001        Jul 20, The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was formally adopted at the 37th session of the (OAU) Assembly of Heads of State and Government in Lusaka, Zambia.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.48)( http://www.nepad.org/2005/files/inbrief.php)

2001        Dec 27, Zambia held national elections. Early returns showed a virtual tie between Levy Mwanawasa of the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy and Anderson Mazoka (d.2006) of the United Party for National Development. Mwanawasa won with 29% of the vote.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A21)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.43)(Econ, 6/17/06, p.56)

2002        Jan 2, In Zambia Levy Mwanawasa (1948-2008) of the ruling Multiparty Democracy (MMD) was sworn in as president despite protests of ballot stuffing and voter intimidation. An appeal for a recount was rejected. Nearly 85% of the country’s 10 million people lived on less than $1 a day. Unrest closed much of Lusaka. Zambia’s inflation at this time was 21.7%.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/3/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/08, p.B4)

2002        May 29, In Zambia Pres. Levy Mwanawasa declared a national food crises with 4 million people facing starvation due to drought.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 16, The Zambian government has rejected donations of genetically modified corn from the United States, even though a massive food shortage threatens nearly 2.3 million of its people with starvation.
    (AP, 8/17/02)

2002        Nov 2, Rex Mwanawasa (43), the brother of Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa, was found dead in a hotel room in Pretoria.
    (AP, 11/3/02)

2002        Zambia eliminated school fess for elementary-level students. This increased the proportion of student attendance to 85% in 2004 from 71% in 2000. At the same time mandatory extra fees were imposed on parents and class sizes increased to 80 or more pupils.
    (WSJ, 3/21/07, p.B11)
2002        Zambia’s former Pres. Frederick Chiluba divorced his wife. Mrs. Chiluba tried to sue him for $400 million, her alleged share of the riches he had stolen over a decade in power. Her case was dismissed.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.61)

2002        A number of elephants were killed in Zambia this year as verified by studies of DNA completed in 2007. 37 tested tusks matched elephant genetics in Zambia and nearby regions.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.83)

2003          Feb 24, In Zambia former President Frederick Chiluba (59) was arrested and charged with stealing from the government while in office. In August Chiluba was charged with stealing over $40 million during his rule.
    (AP, 2/24/03)(WSJ, 8/6/03, p.A1)

2003        May 6, It was reported that AIDS in Zambia had cut the average life expectancy to 33 years from 44 a decade ago. One in 5 adults was reported to have HIV.
    (WSJ, 5/6/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 9, Former Pres. Frederick Chiluba, Zambia's first democratically elected president, went on trial before a packed courtroom, accused of stealing millions of dollars from state coffers during his decade in power.
    (AP, 12/9/03)

2004        Jul 15, The Gates Foundation announced a $44.7 million award at the AIDS Conference in Bangkok to a consortium of TB and AIDS researchers. The 2 diseases were often linked. A UN report cited 7 countries as the hardest hit by the AIDS pandemic: Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia, Malawi, the Central African Republic and Mozambique.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A6)

2004        White farmers from Zimbabwe moved to Zambia and leased some 150 farms.
    (Econ, 6/26/04, p.49)

2005        Mar 29, It was reported that China’s influence in Africa was expanding rapidly. Chinese projects included the rebuilding of Nigeria’s railroad network; the paving of roads in Rwanda; ownership of copper mines in Zambia; timber operations in Equatorial Guinea; and supermarket operations in Lesotho.
    (WSJ, 3/29/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr 8, In northern Zambia a truck packed with high school students skidded off a mountain road, killing at least 38 and seriously injuring 50.
    (AP, 4/9/05)

2005        Apr 21, In Zambia at least 51 people were killed in a blast at a Chinese-owned mining-explosives factory in Chambisi.
    (WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)

2005        Jun 29, The UN World Food Program in Zambia said lack of funds will soon force it to slash rations and reduce the number of vulnerable women and children on food aid.
    (AP, 6/29/05)

2005        Jul 16, It was reported that at least 1 million Zambians were infected with HIV, out of a population of 10.5 million and that 1-20% had full blown AIDS.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.43)

2005        Jul 28, An official reported anonymously that Haroon Rashid Aswat (31) has been arrested in the border town of Livingstone, having crossed into Zambia from Zimbabwe. Aswat was sought in connection with the July 7 attacks in London that killed 56 people.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Aug 7, Zambia deported Haroon Rashid Aswat (31), a Briton who has been questioned in connection with the July 7 London transit bombings and is suspected of links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 8/7/05)

2005        Oct 28, The UN food agency warned that at least 1.7 million Zambians need food, and the situation is deteriorating rapidly.
    (AP, 10/27/05)

2005        Nov 24, The UN food agency said the United States has thrown a lifeline to six southern African countries, donating food aid valued at $45 million. The food will be distributed across Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 11/24/05)

2005        The IMF’s heavily indebted poor countries’ initiative forgave Zambia’s $3.9 billion debt as well as IOUs to Paris Club Creditors.
    (Econ, 7/2/05, p.43)

2005        Zambia’s population stood at about 10.5 million.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.43)

2006        Jun 17, In Zambia inflation was reported to have fallen under 10%. The local currency, the kwacha, gained strength as the economy improved due to a lower debt burden and government moves toward a more market-oriented economy.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.56)

2006        Jul 27, Zambian opposition leaders were scrambling after President Levy Mwanawasa called elections for Sept. 28 and dissolved the parliament and Cabinet.
    (AP, 7/27/06)

2006        Sep 26, The Vatican said it has excommunicated Zambia’s Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo, for defying the Holy See by installing four married men as bishops. The prelate had already angered the Vatican by getting married in 2001.
    (AP, 9/26/06)

2006        Sep 28, Zambians voted to decide whether President Levy Mwanawasa would stay in office for a second term despite a strong challenge from opposition candidates who lambasted his economic policies. Voters jammed polling stations after a national election campaign marked by bitter debate about the president's effort to increase foreign investment and combat poverty and corruption.
    (AP, 9/28/06)(AP, 9/29/06)

2006        Oct 1, In Zambia rioting erupted in Lusaka after President Levy Mwanawasa surged ahead in presidential polls and his principal rival slipped into third place.
    (AP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 2, Zambia's Electoral Commission said that President Levy Mwanawasa was re-elected to a second term, collecting 43% of the votes cast in last week's balloting.
    (AP, 10/2/06)

2006        Nov 17, A Zambian court ruled that ailing former president Frederick Chiluba is currently unfit to stand trial for corruption and should be immediately sent to South Africa for treatment.
    (AFP, 11/17/06)

2006        Dec 15, In Kenya 11 African heads of state attending the 2nd International Conference on the Great Lakes Region signed a landmark $2 billion (1.5-billion-euro) security and development pact to forestall fresh violence in the area.
    (AFP, 12/15/06)

2006        Dec 29, In Zimbabwe 17 elephants and a rhino were found killed. A game ranger based near the famed Victoria Falls bordering the two countries was wounded. Zambian poachers were suspected.
    (AFP, 12/31/06)

2006        Dec 31, Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa rejected IMF directives to introduce more taxes in his impoverished southern African nation.
    (AP, 1/1/07)

2006        Employees at a Chinese owned copper mine in Chambisi, Zambia, were sprayed with gunfire while protesting working conditions.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)

2007        Feb 3, Chinese President Hu Jintao brought his eight-nation African tour to Zambia, a copper-rich country where China's growing clout has prompted charges of exploitation and emerged as a volatile political issue.
    (AP, 2/3/07)

2007        Feb 4, In Zambia China’s President Hu Jintao pledged $800 million in investments, debt write-offs and a "showcase" free trade zone as he ended a tour there. Beijing's economic juggernaut has sparked tensions in Zambia.
    (AFP, 2/4/07)

2007        Mar 1, Zambia's Lands Minister Gladys Nyirongo acknowledged at a major conference on graft in Africa that "Corruption is everywhere, in the villages, wherever." Hours later she was sacked. President Levy Mwanawasa said: "She gave land to herself, her two daughters, her sons and her husband."
    (AP, 3/4/07)

2007        Mar 20, Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa urged southern Africa to take a new approach to Zimbabwe, which he likened to a "sinking Titanic" as millions flee economic and political turmoil.
    (Reuters, 3/21/07)

2007        Apr 22, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were announced on Earth Day. The winners included Julio Cusurichi of Peru for his work to fight illegal logging; Willie Corduff of Ireland for his work to halt an energy project that disregarded local and environmental concerns; Sophia Rabliauskas of Canada for her work to help protect the boreal forest in Manitoba; Orri Vigfussen of Iceland for his work on the North Atlantic Salmon Fund; Ts. Munkhbayar for his work against unregulated mining in Mongolia; and Hammerskjoeld Simwinga for his work in organizing microloan programs in Zambia.
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.E1)

2007        May 4, A British court found Frederick Chiluba, Zambia's first democratically elected president (1991-2001), guilty of stealing $46 million in government funds and ordered him to repay the entire sum. He had gone on trial in Zambia in 2003, accused of 169 counts of corruption, abuse of power and theft, but was declared unfit to stand trial on the grounds of ill health.
    (AP, 5/4/07)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.51)
2007        May 4, The UN agency for refugees began repatriating thousands of Congolese refugees in Zambia to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 5/4/07)

2007        Jun 2, In Zambia at least 12 soccer fans were crushed to death as a crowd rushed from the Lusaka stadium after Zambia's victory over Congo Brazzaville in an African Cup qualifier.
    (AP, 6/3/07)

2007        Jun 4, The Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) said a study of mortality patterns in South Africa, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Tanzania and Senegal indicated Africa's HIV/AIDS crisis was reaching deep into elected governments.
    (Reuters, 6/4/07)

2007        Jun 28, In Zambia US first lady Laura Bush promoted the role of faith-based organizations in combating disease in Africa as she launched an anti-malaria campaign.
    (AP, 6/28/07)

2007        Jul 21, Former US president Bill Clinton said his foundation had secured a deal for Zambia to access cheap HIV/AIDS drugs.
    (AFP, 7/22/07)

2007        Aug 16, The 14-member Southern African Development Community (SADC) met in Lusaka, Zambia for its 27th summit. The 2-day summit provided scant hope for the people of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe rejected the need for political reform at the summit of regional leaders that is meant to find ways to ease the country's political and economic crisis.
    (AP, 8/16/07)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.43)(www.dfa.gov.za/docs/2007/sadc0820.htm)

2007        Aug 17, Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa officially launched a peacekeeping brigade as part of a planned SADC standby force to be deployed on peace missions and to tackle disarmament and humanitarian crises on the continent.
    (Reuters, 8/17/07)(www.dfa.gov.za/docs/2007/sadc0820.htm)

2007        Sep 13, The UN said the repatriation of Congolese refugees from neighboring Zambia was suspended, due to insecurity in the small town of Moba where they are headed.
    (AP, 9/13/07)

2007        Nov 22, The UN resumed the repatriation of 12,000 Congolese refugees from Zambia which was suspended three months ago due to insecurity in the Democratic Republic of Congo's (DRC) Katanga province.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2007        Malawi deported Michael Sata, the head of the Zambian opposition, after he flew there on personal business and to meet former Malawi president Bakili Muluzi.
    (AP, 10/15/11)

2008        Jan 4, The Zambian government awarded a 1.2 billion dollar crude oil deal to a Kuwait firm to supply over 1.4 million tons of oil to the southern African nation.
    (AP, 1/5/08)

2008        Jan 17, Rains battered portions of flood-ravaged southern Africa, killing at least three people in Malawi and forcing Zambia to declare a national disaster.
    (AP, 1/17/08)

2008        Jan 19, Nationwide power outages shut down basic services across Zambia and Zimbabwe as anger mounted in South Africa over power cuts that have wreaked havoc in the continent's economic hub.
    (AP, 1/20/08)

2008        Apr 12, African leaders hoped to find a resolution to Zimbabwe's deepening political crisis at an emergency summit in Zambia, but state media reported that President Robert Mugabe would not attend the "unnecessary" meeting. The Electoral Commission said it would conduct a full recount of the presidential and parliamentary ballots cast in 23 constituencies, all but one of them won by the opposition.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)

2008        Apr 13, In Zambia African leaders ended an emergency meeting of the Southern African Development Community and called for the swift verification of the Zimbabwe voting results in the presence of all parties. The declaration fell far short of opposition calls for neighboring leaders to pressure President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28 years in power.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.53)

2008        Jun 10, Zambia’s state media said Zambia has granted political asylum to a dozen Zimbabwe opposition supporters who have fled mounting political violence ahead of a run-off presidential election this month.
    (AP, 6/10/08)

2008        Aug 19, Zambia's President Levy Mwanawasa (b.1948) died in France. He had been hospitalized at a French military hospital since suffering a stroke in June.
    (AP, 8/19/08)(SFC, 8/20/08, p.B4)

2008        Oct 7, Zambia's ambassador said Zambia and the World Health Organization (WHO) have joined the hunt for a mystery illness that has killed four people in South Africa. A South Africa, health official said the mystery disease may be Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
    (AFP, 10/7/08)(Reuters, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 30, Zambians voted for a successor to the late President Levy Mwanawasa in an election the main opposition leader accused the ruling party of rigging. Zambia's main opposition candidate was ahead in early presidential election results, but his lead was slowly narrowing. Banda ended up winning 40% of the vote and opposition leader Michael Sata secured 38%.
    (Reuters, 10/30/08)(AP, 10/31/08)(AP, 11/2/08)

2008        Nov 2, Veteran diplomat Rupiah Banda (72) was sworn in as the new president of Zambia following a narrow and disputed victory over a populist rival in an election forced by the death of the country's former leader.
    (AP, 11/2/08)

2008        Nov 17, The Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) said a ton of ivory items and 57 suspects were netted in a four-month operation billed Africa's largest-ever crackdown on wildlife crime. Operation Baba also seized cheetah, leopard, serval cat and python skins as well as hippo teeth at several markets, airports and border crossings in Congo Brazzaville, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia.
    (AFP, 11/17/08)

2009        Mar 27, Southern African countries (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia) have been hit by the worst floods in years, killing more than 100 people and displacing thousands, as a tropical storm threatened to bring more pain.
    (AFP, 3/28/09)

2009        Apr 6, In Zambia western nations and lending agencies meeting in Lusaka agreed a financing package of more than $1 billion to improve infrastructure in southern and central Africa at an investment conference meant to expand transport links and trade. Britain said it would separately provide 100 million pounds ($149.2 million) to transform the region's infrastructure to increase trade and mitigate the effects of the global financial crisis. New projects will link businesses in 8 African countries: Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa.
    (AP, 4/6/09)

2009        May 28, It was reported that scientists have identified a lethal new virus in Africa that causes bleeding like the dreaded Ebola virus. The so-called "Lujo" virus infected five people in Zambia and South Africa last fall. Four of them died, but a fifth survived, perhaps helped by a medicine recommended by the scientists.
    (AP, 5/28/09)

2009        Jul 20, Zambia's Catholic bishops and the International Press Institute condemned the arrest on obscenity charges of a newspaper editor who says she was trying to draw attention to the consequences of a health workers' strike. Chansa Kabwela, editor of the independent Post, was arrested last week after e-mailing pictures of a woman giving birth in the streets to policy makers and aid groups.
    (AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Aug 17, Former Zambian President Frederick Chiluba (1991-2001) was cleared of corruption charges following a six-year trial after a magistrate ruled that $500,000 of allegedly embezzled funds could not be traced to government money.
    (AP, 8/17/09)(Econ, 8/22/09, p.43)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.51)

2009        Dec 17, The Vatican said it has stripped charismatic Zambian Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo of his priestly duties because he defiantly continues to ordain bishops despite already being excommunicated. Milingo angered the Vatican when he got married in 2001 to a South Korean woman by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon of the Unification Church. He was excommunicated in 2006 after installing four married men as bishops.
    (AP, 12/17/09)

2009        Dambisa Moyo, native of Zambia and former World Bank consultant, authored “Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way For Africa."
    (WSJ, 3/17/09, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dambisa_Moyo)
2009        In Zambia brothers Brad and Brett founded Zooma, a money-transfer business. In 2016 it processed $200 million in transactions.
    (Econ, 4/15/17, p.63)
2009        Zambian Airways was liquidated. The government refused to let foreign airlines use Lusaka as a hub in the unlikely event that the airline would one day fly again.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.55)

2010        Jun 4, In Zambia press freedom campaigner and newspaper publisher Fred M'membe was sentenced to four months imprisonment with hard labor. He was convicted of publishing critical comment on state maternity services after an editor faced pornography charges for e-mailing officials photos of the woman giving birth to illustrate the consequences of a health workers' strike. She was later acquitted.
    (AP, 6/5/10)

2010        Jun 18, Parts of Zimbabwe and most of neighboring Zambia suffered a massive blackout for about 10 hours, as a fault crippled the hydro-electric dam that supplies most of the countries' power.
    (AFP, 6/18/10)

2010        Oct 15, In Zambia nearly a dozen miners were shot in a pay dispute.
    (AP, 1/4/11)

2010        Oct 17, Zambian police said managers at a Chinese-run coal mine who shot at workers protesting poor working conditions will be charged with attempted murder. 12 workers at Collum Coal Mine in the southern town of Sinazongwe were injured a day earlier when mainly Chinese managers fired randomly at the protesting workers.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)

2011        Jan 4, Zambian prosecutors applied for arrest warrants after the mining officials Xiao Li Shan and Wu Jiu Hua failed to attend the preliminary hearing regarding the Oct 15 shooting of nearly a dozen miners at a Chinese-run coal mine.
    (AP, 1/4/11)

2011        Jun 18, In  Zambia Frederick Chiluba (68), a former president (1991-2001), died.
    (AP, 6/27/11)

2011        Aug 4, Zambia's main opposition party said President Rupiah Banda is ineligible for re-election because both his parents were allegedly born outside the country. Banda, who is in his 70s, was born before Zambia gained independence in 1964.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 9, Zambia's high court dismissed a bid by the main opposition to block President Rupiah Banda from contesting polls next month over claims that he had lied about his parents' nationality.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)

2011        Sep 20, Zambia held elections for a president, 150 lawmakers and over 1,000 municipal councilors. Incumbent president Rupiah Banda was in a close race with populist rival Michael Sata. Elections results on Sep 23 said Michael Sata won with 1,150,045 votes, or 43% of the total, to 961,796 votes, or 36.1% for incumbent Rupiah Banda.
    (AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 22, In Zambia riots erupted in two mining towns over the slow pace of results from this week's polls, as EU observers accused the ruling party of abusing state resources in the campaign.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)

2011        Sep 25, Zambia's new President Michael Sata, the first elected Catholic head of state, said his government would follow the tenets of the 10 Biblical Commandments.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)

2011        Oct 1, New Zambian President Michael Sata replaced the head of the country's anti-corruption watchdog, who had been accused of bungling investigations into corruption allegations. He appointed Mrs. Rosewin Wandi as Director General of the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC).
    (AFP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 4, Zambia announced that it has halted all metal exports, in a move to ensure that mining firms accurately report their sales. New rules on metal exports should be ready by October 16. The ban was lifted on Oct 6 as it would take too long for new rules to be drawn up.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)

2011        Oct 14, Zambia's new President Michael Sata vowed to beef up anti-corruption laws and to investigate allegations of wrongdoing by the previous government, in his first address to parliament.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Malawi agreed to allow back into the country new Zambian President Michael Sata, who had been deported four years ago while still head of the Zambian opposition. Malawi also agreed to allow back Britain's ambassador, who was expelled in April after criticizing President Bingu wa Mutharika.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 20, Zambia, Africa's biggest copper producer, said it has suspended the renewal and issue of new mining licenses and would undertake an audit of the sector.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)

2011        Nov 3, Human Rights Watch said Chinese mining companies in Zambia ignore labor protections, demanding up to 18 hours of labor a day and flouting health and safety rules.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 22, A survey of some 6,000 people over the last 12 months in Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and  Zimbabwe said police are the most corrupt institution in the six countries.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)

2011        Dec 1, Amnesty International urged Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia to arrest former US president George W. Bush for violating international torture laws, during his African tour this week.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)

2011        Alice Odiot authored "Commodities: Switzerland's Most Dangerous Business." It looks at the social and environmental impact on Zambia and the Mopani Copper Mines owned by Swiss giant Glencore.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Zambia’s population numbered about 13 million people.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.47)

2012        Feb 3, Zambian corruption investigators arrested a former minister on theft charges and recorded a statement from ex-president Rupiah Banda's wife in another probe. Mines minister Maxwell Mwale was arrested and charged over the theft of 20 bicycles belonging to small-scale miners. The bicycles were worth 5.5 million kwacha (1,050 dollars, 800 euros) in total.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)

2012        Feb 22, Zambia opposition lawmakers walked out of parliament, saying President Michael Sata and his government had been violating the constitution.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)

2012        Mar 15, Zambian ex-president Rupiah Banda denounced the dissolution of his former ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy as an attack on freedom and accused the new administration of persecuting him. The Movement for Multiparty Democracy, whose 20-year rule came to an end in September, was dissolved by the chief registrar of societies for owing 390 million kwacha ($75,876) in registration fees dating back to 1993.
    (AFP, 3/15/12)(AFP, 6/26/12)

2012        Mar 25, Twenty people from DR Congo drowned when their boats capsized while crossing the river border with Zambia enroute to a soccer game.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)

2012        May 31, Zambian investigators arrested Andrew Banda, the oldest son of former president Rupiah Banda, for corruption and possessing assets bought with dirty money.
    (AFP, 5/31/12)

2012        Jun 26, A Zambian High Court overturned the march dissolution of the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy, the former ruling party, over unpaid fees, arguing the move had been excessive and against the country's general interest.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)
2012        Jun 26, Denmark police said Attan Shansonga, a former Zambian ambassador to the United States wanted in his home country on charges of corruption, has been arrested. He was arrested by the Zambian Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) in 2002 and charged with the theft of public funds, but fled for Britain in 2004.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)

2012        Aug 4, In southern Zambia coal miners killed a Chinese mine manager and injured his colleague in a riot over wages at the Collum Coal mine in Sinazongwe known for tensions with the Chinese investor.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 13, Zambia's main opposition leader, Hakainde Hichilema, was arrested and charged with publishing false information after he claimed on June 11 that ruling party youth were being trained by Sudanese militia.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)

2012        Sep, Zambia issued its debut dollar denominated Eurobond at a yield of 5.4%.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.59)

2013        Feb 7, In Zambia a bus operated by the postal service, carrying passengers toward its capital Lusaka, smashed into a semi-truck and another car killing at least 53 people in one of the worst traffic crashes in the nation in recent history.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Mar 25, Zambia's former president, Rupiah Banda (76), was arrested by police for alleged abuse of authority and corruption. He was released on bail of Kwacha 500,000 ($100,000) and ordered to turn in his passport.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Oct 11, In Sudan a Zambian military observer with UNAMID was killed by unidentified assailants in El Fasher, North Darfur state.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)

2013        Nov 1, Dozens of Zambian separatists appeared in court on charges of treason for trying to create a new state called Barotseland in the west of the country. A total of 84 defendants, mostly from the Lozi tribe, were rounded up in a recent crackdown on those protesting for Barotseland.
    (AFP, 11/1/13)

2013        Nov 13, Zambia's anti-graft police said they had arrested a regional police chief who is suspected of receiving illicit gifts from a gemstone mining company. Copperbelt Province police boss Mary Tembo (53) was accused of receiving a Toyota Coroll from Grizzly Mining Limited and registering it in her name earlier this year.
    (AFP, 11/13/13)

2013        Dec 23, Zambia's defense minister Geoffrey Mwamba resigned after admitting that he met a traditional leader who is blackballed by the country's president.
    (AFP, 12/23/13)

2013        Dec 24, The Zambia Wildlife Authority said it has arrested two people in possession of more than 115 kg (250 pounds) of ivory.
    (AP, 12/24/13)

2014        Jan 6, Zambian police arrested and charged opposition leader Frank Bwalya with defamation, after he referred to Pres. Michael Sata as a  "Chumbu Mushololwa." The Bemba term literally refers to a sweet potato that breaks when it is bent and is used to describe someone who does not heed advice.
    (AFP, 1/7/14)

2014        Feb 14, Zambian ex-diplomat and son of former president Rupiah Banda was sentenced to two years in prison after being found guilty of corruption. Andrew Banda (53) was arrested in 2012 on charges of soliciting a kickback from Italian company Fratelli Locci, which was awarded a contract to build roads.
    (AFP, 2/15/14)

2014        Mar 21, Zambia scrapped restrictions on the use of dollars and other foreign currencies as it tried to halt the slide in its currency, which has lost nearly a fifth of its value in recent months.
    (AFP, 3/21/14)

2014        May 23, Zambia Ranger Dexter Chilunda was killed while investigating reports of gunshots in Liuwa Plain National Park. Two suspected poachers were arrested on June 1.
    (AP, 6/3/14)

2014        Jul 2, African nations agreed to suspend military operations for six months against Congo-based Rwandan rebels in order to give them more time to lay down their arms. The suspension was announced after a meeting in Angola of foreign ministers from a regional bloc including Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, DRC, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)

2014        Oct 3, Zambia’s Finance Minister Alexander Chikwanda said it was difficult to resist corruption from Chinese contractors who allocate who gifts to other government officials. Chikwanda said the government has borrowed so much money from the chinese that it would soon become impossible to pay them back.
    (SSFC, 10/5/14, p.A7)

2014        Oct 24, In Zambia at least 26 people died, most of them children, when a ferry capsized on Lake Kariba.
    (SSFC, 10/26/14, p.A6)

2014        Oct 29, Zambia's Guy Scott became Africa's first white head of state in 20 years after the president, "King Cobra" Michael Sata (77), died in a London hospital.
    (Reuters, 10/29/14)

2014        Nov 21, Zambia's ruling Patriotic Front said it has suspended President Guy Scott as acting head of the party for "unconstitutional conduct", in the latest twist of a bitter power struggle ahead of a January election.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)

2015        Jan 13, The cash-strapped Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA), which is owned by the governments of the two countries and has been struggling for more than a decade, shut down all train operations after workers downed tools to demand five months unpaid salaries.
    (AFP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 20, Zambia held presidential elections. The winner of the election will serve out the remainder of late President Michael Sata’s term until elections next year. Patriotic Front candidate Edgar Lungu (58) received 48.3 percent of the vote, while Hakainde Hichilema (52) of the United Party for National Development came in second with 46.7 percent after votes were tallied from all 150 constituencies.
    (AP, 1/20/15)(AP, 1/25/15)

2015        Jan 24, In Zambia opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema held a briefing in which he described the Jan 20 election as a sham.
    (AP, 1/25/15)

2015        Jan 25, In Zambia Edgar Lungu was inaugurated as the country’s new president after being declared the winner of Zambia's Jan 20 presidential election late on Jan 24. Public debt stood at 32% of GDP.
    (AP, 1/25/15)(Econ., 11/14/20, p.14)

2015        Feb 20, Zambia and Zimbabwe signed $294 million in deals with international investors allowing urgent repairs to avert the collapse of the gigantic, power-generating Kariba Dam, the world's largest man-made dam, to begin this year.
    (AFP, 2/20/15)

2015        Apr 6, In southern Zambia 17 people were killed when a light truck they were in hit a shop before turning over in Mazabuka.
    (AFP, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 20, Zambia slashed by more than half a controversial mineral royalty tax after investors threatened to pull out of the copper-rich country.
    (AFP, 4/20/15)

2015        Jun 8, Popular Zambian singer Fumba Chama, also known as Pilato, was arrested after being accused by supporters of President Edgar Lungu of mocking the leader in a song that police said could provoke public clashes.
    (Reuters, 6/8/15)

2015        Sep 12, In Zambia at least 17 people died when a bus and lorry collided west of Lusaka, after the lorry cut in front of the bus.
    (Reuters, 9/12/15)

2015        Dec 22, Most of Zambia was plunged into darkness following a problem in the network. Power was restored around midnight after an about five-hour outage.
    (AFP, 12/23/15)

2016        Mar 4, In Zambia Geoffrey Mwamba, vice-president of the opposition United Party for National Development, was arrested on suspicion of proposing violence against President Edgar Lungu.
    (Reuters, 3/4/16)

2016        Mar 21, Zambian police arrested opposition leader Erick Chanda, head of the Fourth Revolution Party, for saying President Edgar Lungu used public funds on a holiday last year, in a further sign of rising political tension ahead of August elections.
    (Reuters, 3/21/16)

2016        Apr 20, Zambia police said they have arrested over 250 people for allegedly attacking Rwandan nationals and looting their shops in Lusaka. The violence, which began on April 18, left two Zambians dead.
    (AP, 4/20/16)

2016        Apr, Zambia police said a number of murders took place in Lusaka where victims had ears, hearts and genitals removed, raising suspicion of ritual killings.
    (Reuters, 5/10/16)   

2016        May 10, Zambia police said four suspects have been arrested in connection with a string of grisly ritual murders in Lusaka that triggered anti-foreign riots targeting mostly Rwandan migrants in April.
    (Reuters, 5/10/16)

2016        Jun 16, In Zambia 19 Ethiopian migrants suffocated to death along the border with Congo inside a container truck, where survivors inside banged on the sides until border officials opened it. A total of 95 Ethiopians were aboard the truck.
    (AP, 6/24/16)

2016        Jun 22, Zambia’s tax authorities shut down the Post, the country’s biggest independent media organization. A week later editor Fred M’Membe was arrested and beaten.
    (Econ, 7/16/16, p.39)

2016        Jun 27, Zambian President Edgar Lungu defended the tax collection agency's decision to shut down a newspaper critical of the government, saying the revenue service did so to recoup unpaid taxes. The Zambia Revenue Authority (ZRA) shut down the Post newspaper last week, demanding $6 million in unpaid taxes. Managing editor Joan Chirwa accused the ZRA of trying to silence it head of general elections in August, and claimed that the outstanding bill was in dispute.
    (Reuters, 6/27/16)

2016        Jun 28, In Zambia Post editor Fred M’Membe claimed to have a court order declaring seizures of the newspaper to be illegal. He was arrested for trespass and using false documents.
    (Econ, 7/16/16, p.39)

2016        Jul 12, Human Rights Watch urged an end to "forced anal examinations" with a report documenting them in eight countries, mostly in Africa, saying the practice is based on flawed ideas about supposedly proving homosexual conduct. The report drew on interviews with 32 men and transgender women subjected to the exams in eight countries that ban same-sex conduct: Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda and Zambia.
    (AP, 7/12/16)

2016        Jul 20, Zambian police arrested 28 opposition supporters on suspicion of rioting and making petrol bombs. The UPND said in a statement they were only empty bottles.
    (Reuters, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 28, The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said some 23 million farmers in drought-hit Southern Africa need urgent help to prepare for the next planting season with only a few weeks left before it begins. It said Botswana, Swaziland, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe have reported more than 640,000 drought-related livestock deaths. Farmers and cattle herders in 10 countries have requested assistance: Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
    (Reuters, 7/28/16)

2016        Aug 11, Zambia held presidential elections following a campaign marred by "unprecedented" violence that threatened the country's relative stability and raised fears of further clashes. Early results showed opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema ahead of his rival President Edgar Lungu.
    (AFP, 8/11/16)(AFP, 8/13/16)

2016        Aug 15, Zambia's President Edgar Lungu won 50.35 percent of the vote against 47.63 for Hichilema in the August 11 election. The vote-counting process took days and prompted opposition allegations of irregularities. Police arrested 133 people protesting against the re-election of Lungu after his main opponent Hakainde Hichilema said the vote was rigged.
    (AP, 8/15/16)(Reuters, 8/16/16)

2017        Jan 19, The European Union said it has given Zambia about $69 million to expand electricity supply in the continent's second biggest copper producer, which faces a power deficit that has hit mining and agriculture.
    (Reuters, 1/19/17)

2017        Mar 6, In Zambia eight people died and 28 were injured in a stampede during food handouts at a youth center in the capital, Lusaka.
    (AP, 3/6/17)

2017        Mar 30, Zambia’s Pres. Edgar Lungu said a Chinese bank will help finance the construction of 2,000 homes for local military personnel who face a critical shortage of housing.
    (Reuters, 3/30/17)

2017        Apr 10, Zambian opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema was detained and questioned by police for committing "treason" by obstructing the president’s motorcade on April 8. Hichilema, a wealthy economist known as "HH", was defeated by President Edgar Lungu in an election last August, which he described as fraudulent.
    (Reuters, 4/11/17)(Econ 6/24/17, p.43)

2017        Jun, In Zambia 48 opposition MPs were suspended this month from the legislature after they refused to attend a speech by Pres. Edgar Lungu.
    (Econ 6/24/17, p.43)

2017        Jul 4, In Zambia a fire gutted part of the biggest market in Lusaka in what the government suspected was an act of arson as tensions rise following the April 11 arrest of opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema.
    (Reuters, 7/4/17)

2017        Jul 6, Zambia’s President Edgar Lungu said he has invoked emergency powers for seven days to deal with "acts of sabotage" by the opposition, after fire gutted the country's biggest market.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 16, In Zambia a baboon plunged a tourist town into darkness after tampering with equipment at a hydro-electric power station in Livingstone.
    (Reuters, 7/17/17)

2017        Aug 16, Zambian opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema walked free from prison after treason charges against him were dropped, averting a trial that threatened turmoil in the southern African nation.
    (AFP, 8/16/17)

2017        Sep 22, Zambia said it fears a looming humanitarian crisis after more than 6,000 refugees fleeing turmoil in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) entered its territory in one month.
    (Reuters, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep 29, Zambian police clashed with about 100 anti-corruption protesters outside parliament, prompting arrests on the same day as the finance minister presented the national budget. The demonstration targeted the purchase of 42 firefighting trucks costing $1 million each -- a deal that has fuelled criticism of government spending.
    (AFP, 9/29/17)

2017        Oct 13, A London court ruled that 1,826 Zambians can sue Vedanta Resources in the English courts over alleged pollution of their village after an appeal court threw out the miner's attempt to block their legal action.
    (Reuters, 10/13/17)

2017        Nov 16, Conservation groups decried US President Donald Trump's decision to allow trophy hunters who kill elephants in Zambia and Zimbabwe to bring home the endangered animals' tusks or other body parts as trophies.
    (Reuters, 11/16/17)(SFC, 11/16/17, p.A6)

2017        Nov 17, US President Donald Trump said in a tweet he is putting a decision to allow imports of big game trophies on hold until he can "review all conservation facts."
    (Reuters, 11/18/17)

2017        Dec 29, Zambian President Edgar Lungu directed the military to help fight the spread of cholera, which has killed 41 people in the nation's capital and made more than 1,500 others sick since late September.
    (Reuters, 12/29/17)

2018        Jan 2, Zambian foreign affairs minister Harry Kalaba resigned citing "swelling" corruption in government and criticizing President Edgar Lungu.
    (AFP, 1/3/18)

2018        Mar, Zambia's United Party for National Development (UPND), filed a motion seeking to impeach President Edgar Lungu over accusations of breaching the constitution.
    (Reuters, 4/1/18)

2018        May 9, In South Africa protesters hurled petrol bombs at three Zambian-registered trucks late today, leaving one of the drivers with life-threatening injuries, the second attack on foreign vehicles there in two weeks.
    (Reuters, 5/10/18)

2018        May 17, A Zambian court ordered that Chama Fumba (34), a popular and controversial musician known as Pilato, be detained a day after he returned home having fled the country early this year fearing for his life.
    (AFP, 5/17/18)

2018        Sep 19, Zambian President Edgar Lungu fired a cabinet minister in charge of social welfare funds after Britain and Finland froze aid over suspicions that $4 million of funding may have been misused. Olipa Phiri was made Community Development and Social Welfare Minister, replacing Emerine Kabanshi.
    (Reuters, 9/19/18)

2018        Dec 31, Zambian President Edgar Lungu sacked the army commander and his deputy, a rare firing of the top military brass in the country.
    (AFP, 12/31/18)

2018        Zambia's external debt at the end of this year stood at $12 billion with about 30% owed to China, 25% to bondholders and 19% to foreign banks.
    (Econ., 5/2/20, p.34)

2019        Feb 20, Zambian opposition parties said they will report Pres. Edgar Lungu to the International Criminal Court in The Hague for alleged political violence against his rivals.
    (AFP, 2/20/19)

2019        Mar 4, Zambia’s broadcasting regulator ordered a one-month suspension of a TV channel that has been critical of the government, just days after the governing party accused the station of bias and unprofessionalism. Prime TV has openly condemned the government of President Edgar Lungu.
    (AFP, 3/4/19)

2019        Mar 19, In Zambia two workers died in an accident at Glencore's operation Mopani Copper Mines (MCM), prompting it to suspend production pending investigations.
    (Reuters, 3/19/19)

2019        May, Zambia went to court to, in effect, grab Konkola Copper Mines, mostly owned by Vedanta, an Indian company.
    (Econ., 5/2/20, p.35)

2019        Aug 2, Zambia said it will delay implementing a new sales tax until January 2020 to allow for further refinement of the law.
    (Reuters, 8/2/19)

2019        Aug 16, Huawei Technologies sent a letter to The Wall Street Journal, refuting the publication's bombshell report describing how China's tech giant allegedly helped the governments of two African nations spy on their political opponents. Uganda and Zambia denied that Huawei employees had helped them conduct espionage
    (South China Morning Post, 8/17/19)

2019        Aug 26, Zambia’s state registrar effectively shut down the opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) party by declaring its constitution flawed.
    (r, 8/30/19)

2019        Aug 30, A Zambian court charged Chishimba Kambwili, the leader of the small National Democratic Congress (NDC) party, with defaming Pres. Edgar Lungu, after he allegedly referred to the head of state as a dog.
    (Reuters, 8/30/19)

2019        Oct 23, The World Health Organization said Zambia has reported its first case of polio since 1995, in a boy (2) paralyzed by the vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV).
    (http://tinyurl.com/y467dngg)(SFC, 10/24/19, p.A2)

2020        Feb 20, Police in Zambia said they have arrested 16 people suspected of being behind a spate of attacks that began in December in which people have been sprayed with poisonous substances and some have died.
    (Reuters, 2/20/20)

2020        Mar 1, It was reported that The United States will give Zambia a new one year bilateral grant of $389 million for AIDS relief starting in October after Congressional approval.
    (AP, 3/1/20)

2020        Mar 18, Zambia confirmed its first coronavirus case.
    (Reuters, 3/18/20)

2020        Apr 2, Zambia recorded its first death due to the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 4/2/20)

2020        Apr 7, Glencore, a British multinational trading and mining company, said it would stop operations at its Mopani mine in Zambia due to the coronavirus pandemic.
    (Econ., 5/2/20, p.35)

2020        Apr 24, Zambia's President Edgar Lungu said the nation's budget has been thrown into "disarray" due to the impact of the coronavirus outbreak on the country's economy and the government needs to implement measures to support businesses. The number of coronavirus cases rose to 84.
    (Reuters, 4/24/20)

2020        May 10, Zambia has confirmed 267 Covid-19 infections, with seven deaths. 76 of 85 reported new cases in the northern town of Nakonde were either sex workers or lorry drivers. Last week, President Edgar Lungu announced the reopening of restaurants, casinos and gyms after a month-long shutdown to enforce social distancing measures.
    (AP, 5/10/20)

2020        May 24, In Zambia the bodies of three Chinese nationals were dragged into the Chinese-owned Blue Star clothing factory and set alight. Three suspects were soon arrested. The attack came amid a controversial crackdown in Lusaka, on Chinese businesses accused of discriminating against Zambians.
    (BBC, 5/27/20)

2020        May 25, Zambia's President Edgar Lungu pardoned two men who were jailed last year for having sex with each other. They were listed among the names of nearly 3,000 prisoners to be pardoned to mark Africa Freedom Day.
    (AP, 5/26/20)

2020        Sep 4, The UN said locusts are threatening another part of Africa, with up to 7 million people in the southern region facing further food insecurity. The outbreaks of African migratory locusts in Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe are not related to the huge outbreak of billions of desert locusts that has affected East Africa for months.
    (AP, 9/4/20)

2020        Oct, Zambia's annualized inflation reached 16% vs. 11% a year ago.
    (Econ., 11/14/20, p.44)

2020        Nov 13, Zambia defaulted on its debt. Zambia said it will not pay an overdue Eurobond coupon before a 30-day grace period expires at the end of the day. Zambia became the sixth government to default on its bonds this year.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y97bm7hf)(Econ., 11/14/20, p.44)(Econ., 11/21/20, p.11)

2020        Dec, Zambia's debt balloned over the last five years from 32% to 120% of GDP.
    (Econ., 11/14/20, p.14)

2021        Jun 14, It was reported that Zambia, with a population of about 18 million people, has a cumulative total of nearly 108,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 1,348 deaths.
    (AP, 6/14/21)

2021        Jun 17, Kenneth Kaunda (97), Zambia's first president (1964-1991) and a key figure in its independence struggle, died.
    (BBC, 6/17/21)

2021        Jun 28, Amnesty International said Zambia is on “the brink of a human rights crisis," alleging that President Edgar Lungu is using repressive tactics to win another term in elections set for Aug. 12.
    (AP, 6/28/21)

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