1873 May 1, David Livingstone
(60), British physician, explorer (Africa), died in Chitambo,
Zambia. His body passed through Zanzibar for a funeral in London in
Apr 18, 1874.
1891 Jun 11, Portugal assigned
Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a
1905 Cecil Rhodes brought about
the construction of a 650 foot iron bridge to connect Zambia and
Zimbabwe near victoria Falls.
(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.C4)
1911 North-Eastern Rhodesia and
North-Western Rhodesia, administered as separate units, were merged
to form the British Colony of Northern Rhodesia (Later Zambia).
1914 In Northern Rhodesia
(later Zambia) British officer Captain Kelsey was killed by a
(Econ., 2/28/15, p.39)
1938 J. Desmond Clark (d.2002)
became curator of the David Livingstone memorial Museum and stayed
on for 24 years. He moved to UC Berkeley in 1961. His life’s work
included over 18 books including “The Pre-history of Africa” (1970).
(SFC, 2/16/02, p.A25)
1950-1959 Zambia’s chibuku beer was developed in
the 1950s by Max Heinrich, a German brewer. He ramped the indigenous
home-brew to a commercial scale. In 1999, after passing through many
hands, it was acquired by SAB.
(Econ, 5/31/14, p.56)
1961 Sep 18, Dag Hammarskjold,
Secretary-General of the UN, was killed in a plane crash in Northern
Rhodesia (now Zambia). He was flying to negotiate a cease-fire in
the Congo. Hammarskjold was the son of a former Swedish prime
minister. In 1953, he was elected to the top UN post and in 1957 was
reelected. During his second term, he initiated and directed the
United Nation's vigorous role in the Belgian Congo. Hammarskjold had
sent Conor O’Brien (1919-2008), an Irish diplomat, to the Congo
where a rebellion was openly being backed by Belgium and secretly by
Britain and France. O’Brien ordered in UN troops, but the mission
ended in disarray and the UN repudiated the mission. O’Brien
recounted his version of the events in his book “To Katanga and
(TMC, 1994, p.1961)(WUD, 1994, p.1684)(AP,
9/18/97)(SSFC, 12/21/08, p.B6)
1963 May 25, The Organization
of African Unity (OAU) was founded, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by
Chad, Mauritania & Zambia. Emperor Haile Selassie was among the
key African leaders who founded the Organization of African Unity.
He oversaw the maiden meeting of the continental body. In 2001 it
was replaced the African Union.
(AP, 5/25/97)(SFC, 7/12/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/10/19)
1963 In Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)
Roland Rowland ("Tiny") became chief executive of the London and
Rhodesia Mining and Land Co. (Lonrho). Over the next 30 years he
turned it into a conglomerate with more than 1000 subsidiaries in
over 60 countries.
(SFC, 7/28/98, p.A20)
1963 Northern Rhodesia (later
Zambia) ended a federation with Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.63)
1964 Oct 24, Zambia (N.
Rhodesia) gained independence from Britain (National Day).
Pres. Kenneth Kaunda and his National Independence Party ran the
country until 1991. The country had fewer than 100 university
p.A9)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2359.htm)(Econ, 9/17/11, p.48)
1967 Sep, The government
delegations of China, Tanzania and Zambia held talks in Beijing and
formally signed the "Agreement of the Government of the People's
Republic of China, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania
and the Government of the Republic of Zambia on the Construction of
the Tanzania-Zambia Railway".
1969 Emmanuel Milingo (39) was
named archbishop of Lusaka, Zambia.
(SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)
1969 In Zambia Fort Jameson,
the capital of the Eastern province, was renamed Chipata.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.63)
1970 Oct, China began
construction of the 1,160 mile Tazara Railway between Lusaka, Zambia
and the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam. China brought in its own
workers for the project, which in 1976 finished ahead of schedule.
1973 Aug 25, Zambia
adopted a constitution.
1976 Jul, China completed the
construction of a railway between Tanzania and Zambia.
1978 May 17, Women were
included in the White House honor guard for the first time as
President Carter welcomed Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda.
1980 Apr 1, The southern
African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) was established
by 9 countries with the Lusaka declaration (Angola, Botswana,
Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe).
The main aim was coordinating development projects in order to
lessen economic dependence on apartheid South Africa. On
August 17, 1992, it was transformed into the Southern African
Development Community (SADC). By 2008 it included 15 members.
1981 Vera and Orton Chirwa were
abducted from Zambia by Malawi security officials, charged with
treason and imprisoned separately and incommunicado for 11 years.
Orton Chirwa died in prison in 1992.
(SFEC, 1/19/97, Par
1982 In Zambia Lusaka
Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo resigned under pressure for his faith
healings and exorcisms. He was brought to Rome as a functionary and
retired in 2000. In 2001 he (71) married Marie Sung (43) of South
Korea in a NYC wedding conducted by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
(SFC, 5/28/01, p.A7)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)
1986 May 19, South African
commandos struck alleged ANC "operational centers" in Zimbabwe,
1991 In Zambia Pres. Kaunda was
voted out of office. Pres. Frederick Chiluba and his Movement for
Multi-Party Democracy won in the first multi-party elections.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 6/5/96, p.C16)(WSJ,
1991 Xu Jianxue arrived in
Zambia and began a civil-engineering and construction firm with his
4 brothers. Some 300 Chinese lived in Zambia at this time. By 2006
the number was estimated at 3,000.
(Econ, 10/28/06, p.53)
1994 In Zambia Francis Grogan
and Carl Irwin founded Zambeef with a staff of 60 people. In 2013
the company employed 5,000.
(Econ, 6/8/13, p.68)
1996 May 21, The government of
Zambia adopted new constitutional amendments to prevent Kenneth
Kaunda from running for president. The amendments require that
candidates be at least second-generation Zambians. Kaunda is the son
of immigrants from Malawi.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)
1996 Jun 4, In Zambia nine
opposition politicians were charged with treason and masterminding
the Black Mamba group.
(SFC, 6/5/96, p.C16)
1996 Jun 16, In Zambia 15
soccer fans were crushed to death and 52 injured during a stampede
after Zambia beat Sudan.
(SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)
1996 Nov 20, In Zambia
Frederick Chiluba and his Movement for Multiparty Democracy won
re-election. Former pres. Kaunda and his United National Independent
Party boycotted because he was declared ineligible to run.
(SFC, 11/21/96, p.C3)
1997 Aug 24, In Zambia former
pres. Kaunda accused Pres. Frederick Chiluba of trying to kill
him after he was wounded by riot police during a protest rally.
(WSJ, 8/25/97, p.B5A)
1997 Oct 27, In Zambia there
was a coup attempt by against Pres. Frederick Chiluba. Scores of
people, mostly soldiers, were later arrested and a state of
(SFC,10/28/97, p.A10)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A14)
1997 Dec 25, In Zambia former
president Kenneth Kaunda was confined to prison for 28 days on
suspicion of being linked to the Oct 27 coup attempt.
1997 Dec 31, In Zambia former
Pres. Kaunda (73) was released from prison and placed under house
(SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)
1997 In Zambia by UN definition
9% of the children were orphans due to AIDS.
(SFC, 12/2/99, p.A18)
1998 Jan 10, In Zambia a court
filing accused Kenneth Kaunda of paying army officers $270 to stage
an October coup, promising another $13,300 if the insurrection was
(SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)
1998 Jan 14, In Zambia
two officers told a court in Lukasa that they were tortured into
accusing Kenneth Kaunda of plotting a failed coup.
(WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 17, In Zambia
the state of emergency imposed last Oct. was lifted.
(WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A1)
1998 Jun 1, Zambia dropped
charges against former Pres. Kaunda and released him after Kaunda
pledged to retire.
(SFC, 6/2/98, p.A11)
1998 Celtel began mobile phone
operations in Zambia. In 2003 it expanded to rural areas and
introduced the Me2U service that allowed callers to use text
messaging to send airtime credit to other mobiles. The service
became a cheap way to transfer money.
(Econ, 9/9/06, p.61)
1998 China’s state metals
conglomerate bought a moth-balled copper mine in Chambisi, Zambia,
bringing in jobs and investments. The Chinese owners soon banned
union activity and cut corners on safety.
(WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)
1999 Feb 28, In Zambia a bomb
exploded at the Angolan Embassy and 4 other locations in Lusaka.
(SFC, 3/1/99, p.A12)
1999 Mar 31, In Zambia the high
court declared former leader Kenneth Kaunda, born to Malawian
missionaries, a non-citizen.
(WSJ, 4/1/99, p.A1)
1999 Nov 3, In Zambia Wazi
Kaunda (47), the son of Kenneth Kaunda, was shot and killed by 4
gunmen at his front gate in Lusaka. Kaunda was a senior official in
the opposition National Independence Party.
(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)
2000 cMar 10, In Zambia over
12,000 people lost their homes when the spillways of Kariba Dam in
southern Siavonga were opened to relieve pressure.
(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A6)
2000 Dec 4, In southern Congo
over 10,000 refugees were driven into northern Zambia due to renewed
fighting over the last 12 days.
(SFC, 12/5/00, p.A16)
2000 Zambia Consolidated Copper
Mines (ZCCM), a state owned monopoly, was privatized after 4 years
(Econ, 5/20/06, p.68)
2001 Apr 30, In Zambia
the ruling party nominated Pres. Chiluba for re-election following a
vote to amend the constitution.
(WSJ, 5/1/01, p.A1)
2001 May 2, In Zambia the
ruling party ousted Vice Pres. Christon Tembo, 8 Cabinet members and
11 0ther senior officials who opposed Pres. Chiluba’s bid for a 3rd
(SFC, 5/4/01, p.D3)
2001 May 4, In Zambia Pres.
Chiluba said he would not run for a 3rd term.
(SFC, 5/5/01, p.D2)
2001 May 27, Archbishop
Emmanuel Milingo of Zambia married Maria Sung in a mass ceremony
conducted by Rev. Sun Myung Moon in NYC. In Aug Milingo was reported
to have recommitted his life to the Catholic Church. Marie Sung went
on a hunger strike. Sung later resigned herself to Milingo’s return
to the Church.
(SFC, 8/15/01, p.A6)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)
2001 Jul 20, The New
Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was formally adopted at
the 37th session of the (OAU) Assembly of Heads of State and
Government in Lusaka, Zambia.
(Econ, 2/10/07, p.48)(
2001 Dec 27, Zambia held
national elections. Early returns showed a virtual tie between Levy
Mwanawasa of the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy and
Anderson Mazoka (d.2006) of the United Party for National
Development. Mwanawasa won with 29% of the vote.
(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A21)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.43)(Econ,
2002 Jan 2, In Zambia Levy
Mwanawasa (1948-2008) of the ruling Multiparty Democracy (MMD) was
sworn in as president despite protests of ballot stuffing and voter
intimidation. An appeal for a recount was rejected. Nearly 85% of
the country’s 10 million people lived on less than $1 a day. Unrest
closed much of Lusaka. Zambia’s inflation at this time was 21.7%.
(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/3/02, p.A1)(SFC,
2002 May 29, In Zambia Pres.
Levy Mwanawasa declared a national food crises with 4 million people
facing starvation due to drought.
(WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A1)
2002 Aug 16, The Zambian
government has rejected donations of genetically modified corn from
the United States, even though a massive food shortage threatens
nearly 2.3 million of its people with starvation.
2002 Nov 2, Rex Mwanawasa (43),
the brother of Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa, was found dead in a
hotel room in Pretoria.
2002 Zambia eliminated school
fess for elementary-level students. This increased the proportion of
student attendance to 85% in 2004 from 71% in 2000. At the same time
mandatory extra fees were imposed on parents and class sizes
increased to 80 or more pupils.
(WSJ, 3/21/07, p.B11)
2002 Zambia’s former Pres.
Frederick Chiluba divorced his wife. Mrs. Chiluba tried to sue him
for $400 million, her alleged share of the riches he had stolen over
a decade in power. Her case was dismissed.
(Econ, 12/18/04, p.61)
2002 A number of elephants were
killed in Zambia this year as verified by studies of DNA completed
in 2007. 37 tested tusks matched elephant genetics in Zambia and
(Econ, 3/3/07, p.83)
2003 Feb 24, In Zambia
former President Frederick Chiluba (59) was arrested and charged
with stealing from the government while in office. In August Chiluba
was charged with stealing over $40 million during his rule.
(AP, 2/24/03)(WSJ, 8/6/03, p.A1)
2003 May 6, It was reported
that AIDS in Zambia had cut the average life expectancy to 33 years
from 44 a decade ago. One in 5 adults was reported to have HIV.
(WSJ, 5/6/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 9, Former Pres.
Frederick Chiluba, Zambia's first democratically elected president,
went on trial before a packed courtroom, accused of stealing
millions of dollars from state coffers during his decade in power.
2004 Jul 15, The Gates
Foundation announced a $44.7 million award at the AIDS Conference in
Bangkok to a consortium of TB and AIDS researchers. The 2 diseases
were often linked. A UN report cited 7 countries as the hardest hit
by the AIDS pandemic: Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia, Malawi,
the Central African Republic and Mozambique.
(WSJ, 7/15/04, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A6)
2004 White farmers from
Zimbabwe moved to Zambia and leased some 150 farms.
(Econ, 6/26/04, p.49)
2005 Mar 29, It was reported
that China’s influence in Africa was expanding rapidly. Chinese
projects included the rebuilding of Nigeria’s railroad network; the
paving of roads in Rwanda; ownership of copper mines in Zambia;
timber operations in Equatorial Guinea; and supermarket operations
(WSJ, 3/29/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 8, In northern Zambia
a truck packed with high school students skidded off a mountain
road, killing at least 38 and seriously injuring 50.
2005 Apr 21, In Zambia at least
51 people were killed in a blast at a Chinese-owned
mining-explosives factory in Chambisi.
(WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)
2005 Jun 29, The UN World Food
Program in Zambia said lack of funds will soon force it to slash
rations and reduce the number of vulnerable women and children on
2005 Jul 16, It was reported
that at least 1 million Zambians were infected with HIV, out of a
population of 10.5 million and that 1-20% had full blown AIDS.
(Econ, 7/16/05, p.43)
2005 Jul 28, An official
reported anonymously that Haroon Rashid Aswat (31) has been arrested
in the border town of Livingstone, having crossed into Zambia from
Zimbabwe. Aswat was sought in connection with the July 7 attacks in
London that killed 56 people.
2005 Aug 7, Zambia deported
Haroon Rashid Aswat (31), a Briton who has been questioned in
connection with the July 7 London transit bombings and is suspected
of links to al-Qaida.
2005 Oct 28, The UN food agency
warned that at least 1.7 million Zambians need food, and the
situation is deteriorating rapidly.
2005 Nov 24, The UN food agency
said the United States has thrown a lifeline to six southern African
countries, donating food aid valued at $45 million. The food will be
distributed across Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia
2005 The IMF’s heavily indebted
poor countries’ initiative forgave Zambia’s $3.9 billion debt as
well as IOUs to Paris Club Creditors.
(Econ, 7/2/05, p.43)
2005 Zambia’s population stood
at about 10.5 million.
(Econ, 7/16/05, p.43)
2006 Jun 17, In Zambia
inflation was reported to have fallen under 10%. The local currency,
the kwacha, gained strength as the economy improved due to a lower
debt burden and government moves toward a more market-oriented
(Econ, 6/17/06, p.56)
2006 Jul 27, Zambian opposition
leaders were scrambling after President Levy Mwanawasa called
elections for Sept. 28 and dissolved the parliament and Cabinet.
2006 Sep 26, The Vatican said
it has excommunicated Zambia’s Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo, for
defying the Holy See by installing four married men as bishops. The
prelate had already angered the Vatican by getting married in 2001.
2006 Sep 28, Zambians voted to
decide whether President Levy Mwanawasa would stay in office for a
second term despite a strong challenge from opposition candidates
who lambasted his economic policies. Voters jammed polling stations
after a national election campaign marked by bitter debate about the
president's effort to increase foreign investment and combat poverty
(AP, 9/28/06)(AP, 9/29/06)
2006 Oct 1, In Zambia rioting
erupted in Lusaka after President Levy Mwanawasa surged ahead in
presidential polls and his principal rival slipped into third place.
2006 Oct 2, Zambia's Electoral
Commission said that President Levy Mwanawasa was re-elected to a
second term, collecting 43% of the votes cast in last week's
2006 Nov 17, A Zambian court
ruled that ailing former president Frederick Chiluba is currently
unfit to stand trial for corruption and should be immediately sent
to South Africa for treatment.
2006 Dec 15, In Kenya 11
African heads of state attending the 2nd International Conference on
the Great Lakes Region signed a landmark $2 billion
(1.5-billion-euro) security and development pact to forestall fresh
violence in the area.
2006 Dec 29, In Zimbabwe 17
elephants and a rhino were found killed. A game ranger based near
the famed Victoria Falls bordering the two countries was wounded.
Zambian poachers were suspected.
2006 Dec 31, Zambian President
Levy Mwanawasa rejected IMF directives to introduce more taxes in
his impoverished southern African nation.
2006 Employees at a Chinese
owned copper mine in Chambisi, Zambia, were sprayed with gunfire
while protesting working conditions.
(WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)
2007 Feb 3, Chinese President
Hu Jintao brought his eight-nation African tour to Zambia, a
copper-rich country where China's growing clout has prompted charges
of exploitation and emerged as a volatile political issue.
2007 Feb 4, In Zambia China’s
President Hu Jintao pledged $800 million in investments, debt
write-offs and a "showcase" free trade zone as he ended a tour
there. Beijing's economic juggernaut has sparked tensions in Zambia.
2007 Mar 1, Zambia's Lands
Minister Gladys Nyirongo acknowledged at a major conference on graft
in Africa that "Corruption is everywhere, in the villages,
wherever." Hours later she was sacked. President Levy Mwanawasa
said: "She gave land to herself, her two daughters, her sons and her
2007 Mar 20, Zambian President
Levy Mwanawasa urged southern Africa to take a new approach to
Zimbabwe, which he likened to a "sinking Titanic" as millions flee
economic and political turmoil.
2007 Apr 22, The annual Goldman
Environmental Prizes were announced on Earth Day. The winners
included Julio Cusurichi of Peru for his work to fight illegal
logging; Willie Corduff of Ireland for his work to halt an energy
project that disregarded local and environmental concerns; Sophia
Rabliauskas of Canada for her work to help protect the boreal forest
in Manitoba; Orri Vigfussen of Iceland for his work on the North
Atlantic Salmon Fund; Ts. Munkhbayar for his work against
unregulated mining in Mongolia; and Hammerskjoeld Simwinga for his
work in organizing microloan programs in Zambia.
(SSFC, 4/22/07, p.E1)
2007 May 4, A British court
found Frederick Chiluba, Zambia's first democratically elected
president (1991-2001), guilty of stealing $46 million in government
funds and ordered him to repay the entire sum. He had gone on trial
in Zambia in 2003, accused of 169 counts of corruption, abuse of
power and theft, but was declared unfit to stand trial on the
grounds of ill health.
(AP, 5/4/07)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.51)
2007 May 4, The UN agency for
refugees began repatriating thousands of Congolese refugees in
Zambia to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
2007 Jun 2, In Zambia at least
12 soccer fans were crushed to death as a crowd rushed from the
Lusaka stadium after Zambia's victory over Congo Brazzaville in an
African Cup qualifier.
2007 Jun 4, The Institute for
Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) said a study of mortality patterns
in South Africa, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Tanzania and Senegal
indicated Africa's HIV/AIDS crisis was reaching deep into elected
2007 Jun 28, In Zambia US first
lady Laura Bush promoted the role of faith-based organizations in
combating disease in Africa as she launched an anti-malaria
2007 Jul 21, Former US
president Bill Clinton said his foundation had secured a deal for
Zambia to access cheap HIV/AIDS drugs.
2007 Aug 16, The 14-member
Southern African Development Community (SADC) met in Lusaka, Zambia
for its 27th summit. The 2-day summit provided scant hope for the
people of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe rejected the need for political reform
at the summit of regional leaders that is meant to find ways to ease
the country's political and economic crisis.
(AP, 8/16/07)(Econ, 8/25/07,
2007 Aug 17, Zambian President
Levy Mwanawasa officially launched a peacekeeping brigade as part of
a planned SADC standby force to be deployed on peace missions and to
tackle disarmament and humanitarian crises on the continent.
2007 Sep 13, The UN said the
repatriation of Congolese refugees from neighboring Zambia was
suspended, due to insecurity in the small town of Moba where they
2007 Nov 22, The UN resumed the
repatriation of 12,000 Congolese refugees from Zambia which was
suspended three months ago due to insecurity in the Democratic
Republic of Congo's (DRC) Katanga province.
2007 Malawi deported Michael
Sata, the head of the Zambian opposition, after he flew there on
personal business and to meet former Malawi president Bakili Muluzi.
2008 Jan 4, The Zambian
government awarded a 1.2 billion dollar crude oil deal to a Kuwait
firm to supply over 1.4 million tons of oil to the southern African
2008 Jan 17, Rains battered
portions of flood-ravaged southern Africa, killing at least three
people in Malawi and forcing Zambia to declare a national disaster.
2008 Jan 19, Nationwide power
outages shut down basic services across Zambia and Zimbabwe as anger
mounted in South Africa over power cuts that have wreaked havoc in
the continent's economic hub.
2008 Apr 12, African leaders
hoped to find a resolution to Zimbabwe's deepening political crisis
at an emergency summit in Zambia, but state media reported that
President Robert Mugabe would not attend the "unnecessary" meeting.
The Electoral Commission said it would conduct a full recount of the
presidential and parliamentary ballots cast in 23 constituencies,
all but one of them won by the opposition.
(AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)
2008 Apr 13, In Zambia African
leaders ended an emergency meeting of the Southern African
Development Community and called for the swift verification of the
Zimbabwe voting results in the presence of all parties. The
declaration fell far short of opposition calls for neighboring
leaders to pressure President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28
years in power.
(AP, 4/13/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.53)
2008 Jun 10, Zambia’s state
media said Zambia has granted political asylum to a dozen Zimbabwe
opposition supporters who have fled mounting political violence
ahead of a run-off presidential election this month.
2008 Aug 19, Zambia's President
Levy Mwanawasa (b.1948) died in France. He had been hospitalized at
a French military hospital since suffering a stroke in June.
(AP, 8/19/08)(SFC, 8/20/08, p.B4)
2008 Oct 7, Zambia's ambassador
said Zambia and the World Health Organization (WHO) have joined the
hunt for a mystery illness that has killed four people in South
Africa. A South Africa, health official said the mystery disease may
be Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
(AFP, 10/7/08)(Reuters, 10/7/08)
2008 Oct 30, Zambians voted for
a successor to the late President Levy Mwanawasa in an election the
main opposition leader accused the ruling party of rigging. Zambia's
main opposition candidate was ahead in early presidential election
results, but his lead was slowly narrowing. Banda ended up winning
40% of the vote and opposition leader Michael Sata secured 38%.
(Reuters, 10/30/08)(AP, 10/31/08)(AP, 11/2/08)
2008 Nov 2, Veteran diplomat
Rupiah Banda (72) was sworn in as the new president of Zambia
following a narrow and disputed victory over a populist rival in an
election forced by the death of the country's former leader.
2008 Nov 17, The Kenya Wildlife
Service (KWS) said a ton of ivory items and 57 suspects were netted
in a four-month operation billed Africa's largest-ever crackdown on
wildlife crime. Operation Baba also seized cheetah, leopard, serval
cat and python skins as well as hippo teeth at several markets,
airports and border crossings in Congo Brazzaville, Ghana, Kenya,
Uganda and Zambia.
2009 Mar 27, Southern African
countries (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia) have been
hit by the worst floods in years, killing more than 100 people and
displacing thousands, as a tropical storm threatened to bring more
2009 Apr 6, In Zambia western
nations and lending agencies meeting in Lusaka agreed a financing
package of more than $1 billion to improve infrastructure in
southern and central Africa at an investment conference meant to
expand transport links and trade. Britain said it would separately
provide 100 million pounds ($149.2 million) to transform the
region's infrastructure to increase trade and mitigate the effects
of the global financial crisis. New projects will link businesses in
8 African countries: Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo,
Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa.
2009 May 28, It was reported
that scientists have identified a lethal new virus in Africa that
causes bleeding like the dreaded Ebola virus. The so-called "Lujo"
virus infected five people in Zambia and South Africa last fall.
Four of them died, but a fifth survived, perhaps helped by a
medicine recommended by the scientists.
2009 Jul 20, Zambia's Catholic
bishops and the International Press Institute condemned the arrest
on obscenity charges of a newspaper editor who says she was trying
to draw attention to the consequences of a health workers' strike.
Chansa Kabwela, editor of the independent Post, was arrested last
week after e-mailing pictures of a woman giving birth in the streets
to policy makers and aid groups.
2009 Aug 17, Former Zambian
President Frederick Chiluba (1991-2001) was cleared of corruption
charges following a six-year trial after a magistrate ruled that
$500,000 of allegedly embezzled funds could not be traced to
(AP, 8/17/09)(Econ, 8/22/09, p.43)(Econ,
2009 Dec 17, The Vatican said
it has stripped charismatic Zambian Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo of
his priestly duties because he defiantly continues to ordain bishops
despite already being excommunicated. Milingo angered the Vatican
when he got married in 2001 to a South Korean woman by the Rev. Sun
Myung Moon of the Unification Church. He was excommunicated in 2006
after installing four married men as bishops.
2009 Dambisa Moyo, native of
Zambia and former World Bank consultant, authored “Dead Aid: Why Aid
Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way For Africa.”
2009 In Zambia brothers Brad
and Brett founded Zooma, a money-transfer business. In 2016 it
processed $200 million in transactions.
(Econ, 4/15/17, p.63)
2009 Zambian Airways was
liquidated. The government refused to let foreign airlines use
Lusaka as a hub in the unlikely event that the airline would one day
(Econ, 8/16/14, p.55)
2010 Jun 4, In Zambia press
freedom campaigner and newspaper publisher Fred M'membe was
sentenced to four months imprisonment with hard labor. He was
convicted of publishing critical comment on state maternity services
after an editor faced pornography charges for e-mailing officials
photos of the woman giving birth to illustrate the consequences of a
health workers' strike. She was later acquitted.
2010 Jun 18, Parts of Zimbabwe
and most of neighboring Zambia suffered a massive blackout for about
10 hours, as a fault crippled the hydro-electric dam that supplies
most of the countries' power.
2010 Oct 15, In Zambia nearly a
dozen miners were shot in a pay dispute.
2010 Oct 17, Zambian police
said managers at a Chinese-run coal mine who shot at workers
protesting poor working conditions will be charged with attempted
murder. 12 workers at Collum Coal Mine in the southern town of
Sinazongwe were injured a day earlier when mainly Chinese managers
fired randomly at the protesting workers.
2011 Jan 4, Zambian prosecutors
applied for arrest warrants after the mining officials Xiao Li Shan
and Wu Jiu Hua failed to attend the preliminary hearing regarding
the Oct 15 shooting of nearly a dozen miners at a Chinese-run coal
2011 Jun 18, In Zambia
Frederick Chiluba (68), a former president (1991-2001), died.
2011 Aug 4, Zambia's main
opposition party said President Rupiah Banda is ineligible for
re-election because both his parents were allegedly born outside the
country. Banda, who is in his 70s, was born before Zambia gained
independence in 1964.
2011 Aug 9, Zambia's high court
dismissed a bid by the main opposition to block President Rupiah
Banda from contesting polls next month over claims that he had lied
about his parents' nationality.
2011 Sep 20, Zambia held
elections for a president, 150 lawmakers and over 1,000 municipal
councilors. Incumbent president Rupiah Banda was in a close race
with populist rival Michael Sata. Elections results on Sep 23 said
Michael Sata won with 1,150,045 votes, or 43% of the total, to
961,796 votes, or 36.1% for incumbent Rupiah Banda.
(AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)
2011 Sep 22, In Zambia riots
erupted in two mining towns over the slow pace of results from this
week's polls, as EU observers accused the ruling party of abusing
state resources in the campaign.
2011 Sep 25, Zambia's new
President Michael Sata, the first elected Catholic head of state,
said his government would follow the tenets of the 10 Biblical
2011 Oct 1, New Zambian
President Michael Sata replaced the head of the country's
anti-corruption watchdog, who had been accused of bungling
investigations into corruption allegations. He appointed Mrs.
Rosewin Wandi as Director General of the Anti-Corruption Commission
2011 Oct 4, Zambia announced
that it has halted all metal exports, in a move to ensure that
mining firms accurately report their sales. New rules on metal
exports should be ready by October 16. The ban was lifted on Oct 6
as it would take too long for new rules to be drawn up.
2011 Oct 14, Zambia's new
President Michael Sata vowed to beef up anti-corruption laws and to
investigate allegations of wrongdoing by the previous government, in
his first address to parliament.
2011 Oct 14, Malawi agreed to
allow back into the country new Zambian President Michael Sata, who
had been deported four years ago while still head of the Zambian
opposition. Malawi also agreed to allow back Britain's ambassador,
who was expelled in April after criticizing President Bingu wa
2011 Oct 20, Zambia, Africa's
biggest copper producer, said it has suspended the renewal and issue
of new mining licenses and would undertake an audit of the sector.
2011 Nov 3, Human Rights Watch
said Chinese mining companies in Zambia ignore labor protections,
demanding up to 18 hours of labor a day and flouting health and
2011 Nov 22, A survey of some
6,000 people over the last 12 months in Democratic Republic of
Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe
said police are the most corrupt institution in the six countries.
2011 Dec 1, Amnesty
International urged Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia to arrest former
US president George W. Bush for violating international torture
laws, during his African tour this week.
2011 Alice Odiot authored
"Commodities: Switzerland's Most Dangerous Business." It looks at
the social and environmental impact on Zambia and the Mopani Copper
Mines owned by Swiss giant Glencore.
2011 Zambia’s population
numbered about 13 million people.
(Econ, 10/1/11, p.47)
2012 Feb 3, Zambian corruption
investigators arrested a former minister on theft charges and
recorded a statement from ex-president Rupiah Banda's wife in
another probe. Mines minister Maxwell Mwale was arrested and charged
over the theft of 20 bicycles belonging to small-scale miners. The
bicycles were worth 5.5 million kwacha (1,050 dollars, 800 euros) in
2012 Feb 22, Zambia opposition
lawmakers walked out of parliament, saying President Michael Sata
and his government had been violating the constitution.
2012 Mar 15, Zambian
ex-president Rupiah Banda denounced the dissolution of his former
ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy as an attack on freedom
and accused the new administration of persecuting him. The Movement
for Multiparty Democracy, whose 20-year rule came to an end in
September, was dissolved by the chief registrar of societies for
owing 390 million kwacha ($75,876) in registration fees dating back
(AFP, 3/15/12)(AFP, 6/26/12)
2012 Mar 25, Twenty people from
DR Congo drowned when their boats capsized while crossing the river
border with Zambia enroute to a soccer game.
2012 May 31, Zambian
investigators arrested Andrew Banda, the oldest son of former
president Rupiah Banda, for corruption and possessing assets bought
with dirty money.
2012 Jun 26, A Zambian High
Court overturned the march dissolution of the Movement for
Multi-Party Democracy, the former ruling party, over unpaid fees,
arguing the move had been excessive and against the country's
2012 Jun 26, Denmark police
said Attan Shansonga, a former Zambian ambassador to the United
States wanted in his home country on charges of corruption, has been
arrested. He was arrested by the Zambian Anti-Corruption Commission
(ACC) in 2002 and charged with the theft of public funds, but fled
for Britain in 2004.
2012 Aug 4, In southern Zambia
coal miners killed a Chinese mine manager and injured his colleague
in a riot over wages at the Collum Coal mine in Sinazongwe known for
tensions with the Chinese investor.
2012 Aug 13, Zambia's main
opposition leader, Hakainde Hichilema, was arrested and charged with
publishing false information after he claimed on June 11 that ruling
party youth were being trained by Sudanese militia.
2012 Sep, Zambia issued its
debut dollar denominated Eurobond at a yield of 5.4%.
(Econ, 12/3/16, p.59)
2013 Feb 7, In Zambia a bus
operated by the postal service, carrying passengers toward its
capital Lusaka, smashed into a semi-truck and another car killing at
least 53 people in one of the worst traffic crashes in the nation in
2013 Mar 25, Zambia's former
president, Rupiah Banda (76), was arrested by police for alleged
abuse of authority and corruption. He was released on bail of Kwacha
500,000 ($100,000) and ordered to turn in his passport.
2013 Oct 11, In Sudan a Zambian
military observer with UNAMID was killed by unidentified assailants
in El Fasher, North Darfur state.
2013 Nov 1, Dozens of Zambian
separatists appeared in court on charges of treason for trying to
create a new state called Barotseland in the west of the country. A
total of 84 defendants, mostly from the Lozi tribe, were rounded up
in a recent crackdown on those protesting for Barotseland.
2013 Nov 13, Zambia's
anti-graft police said they had arrested a regional police chief who
is suspected of receiving illicit gifts from a gemstone mining
company. Copperbelt Province police boss Mary Tembo (53) was accused
of receiving a Toyota Coroll from Grizzly Mining Limited and
registering it in her name earlier this year.
2013 Dec 23, Zambia's defense
minister Geoffrey Mwamba resigned after admitting that he met a
traditional leader who is blackballed by the country's president.
2013 Dec 24, The Zambia
Wildlife Authority said it has arrested two people in possession of
more than 115 kg (250 pounds) of ivory.
2014 Jan 6, Zambian police
arrested and charged opposition leader Frank Bwalya with defamation,
after he referred to Pres. Michael Sata as a "Chumbu
Mushololwa.” The Bemba term literally refers to a sweet potato that
breaks when it is bent and is used to describe someone who does not
2014 Feb 14, Zambian
ex-diplomat and son of former president Rupiah Banda was sentenced
to two years in prison after being found guilty of corruption.
Andrew Banda (53) was arrested in 2012 on charges of soliciting a
kickback from Italian company Fratelli Locci, which was awarded a
contract to build roads.
2014 Mar 21, Zambia scrapped
restrictions on the use of dollars and other foreign currencies as
it tried to halt the slide in its currency, which has lost nearly a
fifth of its value in recent months.
2014 May 23, Zambia Ranger
Dexter Chilunda was killed while investigating reports of gunshots
in Liuwa Plain National Park. Two suspected poachers were arrested
on June 1.
2014 Jul 2, African nations
agreed to suspend military operations for six months against
Congo-based Rwandan rebels in order to give them more time to lay
down their arms. The suspension was announced after a meeting in
Angola of foreign ministers from a regional bloc including Angola,
Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, DRC, Kenya,
Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.
2014 Oct 3, Zambia’s Finance
Minister Alexander Chikwanda said it was difficult to resist
corruption from Chinese contractors who allocate who gifts to other
government officials. Chikwanda said the government has borrowed so
much money from the chinese that it would soon become impossible to
pay them back.
(SSFC, 10/5/14, p.A7)
2014 Oct 24, In Zambia at least
26 people died, most of them children, when a ferry capsized on Lake
(SSFC, 10/26/14, p.A6)
2014 Oct 29, Zambia's Guy Scott
became Africa's first white head of state in 20 years after the
president, "King Cobra" Michael Sata (77), died in a London
2014 Nov 21, Zambia's ruling
Patriotic Front said it has suspended President Guy Scott as acting
head of the party for "unconstitutional conduct", in the latest
twist of a bitter power struggle ahead of a January election.
2015 Jan 13, The cash-strapped
Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA), which is owned by the
governments of the two countries and has been struggling for more
than a decade, shut down all train operations after workers downed
tools to demand five months unpaid salaries.
2015 Jan 20, Zambia held
presidential elections. The winner of the election will serve out
the remainder of late President Michael Sata’s term until elections
next year. Patriotic Front candidate Edgar Lungu (58) received 48.3
percent of the vote, while Hakainde Hichilema (52) of the United
Party for National Development came in second with 46.7 percent
after votes were tallied from all 150 constituencies.
(AP, 1/20/15)(AP, 1/25/15)
2015 Jan 24, In Zambia
opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema held a briefing in which he
described the Jan 20 election as a sham.
2015 Jan 25, In Zambia Edgar
Lungu was inaugurated as the country’s new president after being
declared the winner of Zambia's Jan 20 presidential election late on
2015 Feb 20, Zambia and
Zimbabwe signed $294 million in deals with international investors
allowing urgent repairs to avert the collapse of the gigantic,
power-generating Kariba Dam, the world's largest man-made dam, to
begin this year.
2015 Apr 6, In southern Zambia
17 people were killed when a light truck they were in hit a shop
before turning over in Mazabuka.
2015 Apr 20, Zambia slashed by
more than half a controversial mineral royalty tax after investors
threatened to pull out of the copper-rich country.
2015 Jun 8, Popular Zambian
singer Fumba Chama, also known as Pilato, was arrested after being
accused by supporters of President Edgar Lungu of mocking the leader
in a song that police said could provoke public clashes.
2015 Sep 12, In Zambia at least
17 people died when a bus and lorry collided west of Lusaka, after
the lorry cut in front of the bus.
2015 Dec 22, Most of Zambia was
plunged into darkness following a problem in the network. Power was
restored around midnight after an about five-hour outage.
2016 Mar 4, In Zambia Geoffrey
Mwamba, vice-president of the opposition United Party for National
Development, was arrested on suspicion of proposing violence against
President Edgar Lungu.
2016 Mar 21, Zambian police
arrested opposition leader Erick Chanda, head of the Fourth
Revolution Party, for saying President Edgar Lungu used public funds
on a holiday last year, in a further sign of rising political
tension ahead of August elections.
2016 Apr 20, Zambia police said
they have arrested over 250 people for allegedly attacking Rwandan
nationals and looting their shops in Lusaka. The violence, which
began on April 18, left two Zambians dead.
2016 Apr, Zambia police said a
number of murders took place in Lusaka where victims had ears,
hearts and genitals removed, raising suspicion of ritual killings.
2016 May 10, Zambia police said
four suspects have been arrested in connection with a string of
grisly ritual murders in Lusaka that triggered anti-foreign riots
targeting mostly Rwandan migrants in April.
2016 Jun 16, In Zambia 19
Ethiopian migrants suffocated to death along the border with Congo
inside a container truck, where survivors inside banged on the sides
until border officials opened it. A total of 95 Ethiopians were
aboard the truck.
2016 Jun 22, Zambia’s tax
authorities shut down the Post, the country’s biggest independent
media organization. A week later editor Fred M’Membe was arrested
(Econ, 7/16/16, p.39)
2016 Jun 27, Zambian President
Edgar Lungu defended the tax collection agency's decision to shut
down a newspaper critical of the government, saying the revenue
service did so to recoup unpaid taxes. The Zambia Revenue Authority
(ZRA) shut down the Post newspaper last week, demanding $6 million
in unpaid taxes. Managing editor Joan Chirwa accused the ZRA of
trying to silence it head of general elections in August, and
claimed that the outstanding bill was in dispute.
2016 Jun 28, In Zambia Post
editor Fred M’Membe claimed to have a court order declaring seizures
of the newspaper to be illegal. He was arrested for trespass and
using false documents.
(Econ, 7/16/16, p.39)
2016 Jul 12, Human Rights Watch
urged an end to "forced anal examinations" with a report documenting
them in eight countries, mostly in Africa, saying the practice is
based on flawed ideas about supposedly proving homosexual conduct.
The report drew on interviews with 32 men and transgender women
subjected to the exams in eight countries that ban same-sex conduct:
Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda and
2016 Jul 20, Zambian police
arrested 28 opposition supporters on suspicion of rioting and making
petrol bombs. The UPND said in a statement they were only empty
2016 Jul 28, The UN Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO) said some 23 million farmers in
drought-hit Southern Africa need urgent help to prepare for the next
planting season with only a few weeks left before it begins. It said
Botswana, Swaziland, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe have
reported more than 640,000 drought-related livestock deaths. Farmers
and cattle herders in 10 countries have requested assistance:
Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa,
Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
2016 Aug 11, Zambia held
presidential elections following a campaign marred by
"unprecedented" violence that threatened the country's relative
stability and raised fears of further clashes. Early results showed
opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema ahead of his rival President
(AFP, 8/11/16)(AFP, 8/13/16)
2016 Aug 15, Zambia's President
Edgar Lungu won 50.35 percent of the vote against 47.63 for
Hichilema in the August 11 election. The vote-counting process took
days and prompted opposition allegations of irregularities. Police
arrested 133 people protesting against the re-election of Lungu
after his main opponent Hakainde Hichilema said the vote was rigged.
(AP, 8/15/16)(Reuters, 8/16/16)
2017 Jan 19, The European Union
said it has given Zambia about $69 million to expand electricity
supply in the continent's second biggest copper producer, which
faces a power deficit that has hit mining and agriculture.
2017 Mar 6, In Zambia eight
people died and 28 were injured in a stampede during food handouts
at a youth center in the capital, Lusaka.
2017 Mar 30, Zambia’s Pres.
Edgar Lungu said a Chinese bank will help finance the construction
of 2,000 homes for local military personnel who face a critical
shortage of housing.
2017 Apr 10, Zambian opposition
leader Hakainde Hichilema was detained and questioned by police for
committing "treason" by obstructing the president’s motorcade on
April 8. Hichilema, a wealthy economist known as "HH", was defeated
by President Edgar Lungu in an election last August, which he
described as fraudulent.
(Reuters, 4/11/17)(Econ 6/24/17, p.43)
2017 Jun, In Zambia 48
opposition MPs were suspended this month from the legislature after
they refused to attend a speech by Pres. Edgar Lungu.
(Econ 6/24/17, p.43)
2017 Jul 4, In Zambia a fire
gutted part of the biggest market in Lusaka in what the government
suspected was an act of arson as tensions rise following the April
11 arrest of opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema.
2017 Jul 6, Zambia’s President
Edgar Lungu said he has invoked emergency powers for seven days to
deal with "acts of sabotage" by the opposition, after fire gutted
the country's biggest market.
2017 Jul 16, In Zambia a baboon
plunged a tourist town into darkness after tampering with equipment
at a hydro-electric power station in Livingstone.
2017 Aug 16, Zambian opposition
leader Hakainde Hichilema walked free from prison after treason
charges against him were dropped, averting a trial that threatened
turmoil in the southern African nation.
2017 Sep 22, Zambia said it
fears a looming humanitarian crisis after more than 6,000 refugees
fleeing turmoil in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
entered its territory in one month.
2017 Sep 29, Zambian police
clashed with about 100 anti-corruption protesters outside
parliament, prompting arrests on the same day as the finance
minister presented the national budget. The demonstration targeted
the purchase of 42 firefighting trucks costing $1 million each -- a
deal that has fuelled criticism of government spending.
2017 Oct 13, A London court
ruled that 1,826 Zambians can sue Vedanta Resources in the English
courts over alleged pollution of their village after an appeal court
threw out the miner's attempt to block their legal action.
2017 Nov 16, Conservation
groups decried US President Donald Trump's decision to allow trophy
hunters who kill elephants in Zambia and Zimbabwe to bring home the
endangered animals' tusks or other body parts as trophies.
(Reuters, 11/16/17)(SFC, 11/16/17, p.A6)
2017 Nov 17, US President
Donald Trump said in a tweet he is putting a decision to allow
imports of big game trophies on hold until he can "review all
2017 Dec 29, Zambian President
Edgar Lungu directed the military to help fight the spread of
cholera, which has killed 41 people in the nation's capital and made
more than 1,500 others sick since late September.
2018 Jan 2, Zambian foreign
affairs minister Harry Kalaba resigned citing "swelling" corruption
in government and criticizing President Edgar Lungu.
2018 Mar, Zambia's United Party
for National Development (UPND), filed a motion seeking to impeach
President Edgar Lungu over accusations of breaching the
2018 May 9, In South Africa
protesters hurled petrol bombs at three Zambian-registered trucks
late today, leaving one of the drivers with life-threatening
injuries, the second attack on foreign vehicles there in two weeks.
2018 May 17, A Zambian court
ordered that Chama Fumba (34), a popular and controversial musician
known as Pilato, be detained a day after he returned home having
fled the country early this year fearing for his life.
2018 Sep 19, Zambian President
Edgar Lungu fired a cabinet minister in charge of social welfare
funds after Britain and Finland froze aid over suspicions that $4
million of funding may have been misused. Olipa Phiri was made
Community Development and Social Welfare Minister, replacing Emerine
2018 Dec 31, Zambian President
Edgar Lungu sacked the army commander and his deputy, a rare firing
of the top military brass in the country.
2019 Feb 20, Zambian opposition
parties said they will report Pres. Edgar Lungu to the International
Criminal Court in The Hague for alleged political violence against