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Country Reports: http://www.countryreports.org/country/Tanzania.htm
Travel Docs: http://www.traveldocs.com/tz/index.htm Tanzania is 364,000 sq. miles, the largest
country in East Africa. The population was 29 million in 1998 with
45% Christian and 35% Muslim. English and Swahili were the official
languages with many local languages.
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12) Zanzibar is a limestone island 60 miles
long and 20 miles wide, about 40 miles by boat from Dar es Salaam.
The name comes from Arabic roots, Zinj el Barr, meaning Black Coast
or land of the black people. Locals call it Unguja. A 2nd island is
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T6)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C12) 245Mil BC The ancient reptile
Teleocrater rhadinos lived about this time. Fossils discovered in
Tanzania in the 1930s showed that it had four sturdy legs and a long
neck and tail. It was later identified as the oldest known branch on
the lineage that would eventually lead to dinosaurs.
(SFC, 4/13/17, p.A7)
3.6Mil BC-3Mil BC A composite skull of adult male,
Australopithecus afarensis, was found in 1975 by M. Bush at Hadar,
Ethiopia. In 1978-1979 Mary Leakey’s team excavated a 75-foot long
trail of 47 footprints, found at Laetoli, Tanzania, most likely made
by Australopithecus afarensis.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p.568)(Hem., Dec. '95,
p.24)(PacDisc, Spring ‘96, p.2)
10000BC -1500AD The Bachwezi people, also known as
the Ancient Cwezi or Chwezi, were a group of people who legends say
ruled the Empire of Kitara (Empire of the Sun), which encompassed a
vast area including modern day Uganda, Sudan, northern Tanzania, the
Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia and Malawi
during this period.
1503 Zanzibar became a
1698-1701 The Portuguese built the Old Fort in
Stone Town on Zanzibar to defend against the sultan of Oman.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T6)
1700-1800s Over 100,000 slaves from Tanzania,
Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Malawi and Uganda were shipped into slavery
through Zanzibar to the Middle East and India.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T7)
1840 Zanzibar became the
capital of Oman and the sultan ruled from Stone Town.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T6)
1858 Feb, British explorers Sir
Richard Burton and John Speke (1827-1864) explored Lake Tanganyika,
1858 John Hanning Speke
(1827-1864), British explorer, became the first European to visit
Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake. Its shoreline touched Kenya,
Tanzania and Uganda.
1863 Feb 15, Samuel and
Florence Baker encountered John Speke and James Grant at the
frontier village of Gondokoro (southern Sudan). Speke and Grant said
they had found the Nile’s headwaters at a lake they named Victoria
(Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda).
(ON, 10/01, p.9)
1864 Missionaries settled in
Zanzibar following a call by David Livingstone for volunteers to
fight the slave trade and help spread Christianity across Africa.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C13)
1866-1886 Dr. John Kirk, a Scottish botanist,
served as the British representative on the island of Zanzibar. He
made great effort to abolish the local slave trade. In 2011 Alastair
Hazell authored “The Last Slave Market: Dr John Kirk and the
Struggle to End the African slave Trade.
(Econ, 8/6/11, p.72)
1870-1888 The Omani Sultan Barghash ruled in
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T7)
1871 Nov 10,
Journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found missing Scottish
missionary David Livingstone in Central Africa at Ujiji near
Unyanyembe on Lake Tanganyika. Stanley delivered his famous
greeting: "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Livingstone replied: "Yes,
and I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you." The two explored
Lake Tanganyika, but did not find the source of the Nile. When
Stanley left on March 14, 1872, he begged the doctor to return to
England with him, but Livingstone refused. He died in May 1873.
Stanley returned to Africa a year later, the first of many
subsequent African explorations.
(HFA, '96, p.42)(AP, 11/10/97)(HN, 11/10/98)(HNQ,
1872 Apr 15, A cyclone hit the
coast of Tanzania. All the ships in the harbor of Zanzibar, with the
exception of a steamer that escaped to sea, were sunk or wrecked on
the shore with great loss of life.
1873 May 1, David Livingstone
(60), British physician, explorer (Africa), died in Chitambo,
Zambia. His body passed through Zanzibar for a funeral in London in
Apr 18, 1874.
(MC, 5/1/02)(SSFC, 7/13/03, p.C9)
1873 Jun 5, Sultan Bargash
closed the slave market of Zanzibar. Missionaries bought the site
and began building an Anglican cathedral.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C13)(MC, 6/5/02)
1882 In Zanzibar the Maruhubi
Palace was built for the Omani Sultan Barghash. It burned down in
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T7)
1883 In Zanzibar the
Beit-el-Ajaib, House of Wonders, was built in Stone Town by an Omani
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T6)
1887-1891 German colonial administrators made
Bagamoyo, Tanzania, their capital.
(SSFC, 7/13/03, p.C9)
1890 An agreement between
colonial powers stipulated the border between Malawi and Tanzania as
lying along the Tanzanian shore of the waters of Lake Malawi.
1890 Britain ceded the island
of Heligoland to Germany in exchange for a free hand in the former
slave-trading sultanate of Zanzibar.
(Econ, 2/18/17, p.69)
1896 A renegade cousin of the
deceased sultan attempted to wrest power from British colonialist
and the Zanzibar House of Wonders was bombed by the British.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C13)
1901 Feb 23, Britain and
Germany agreed on a boundary between German East Africa [later
Tanganyika, Rwanda and Burundi] and Nyasaland [later Malawi].
(HN, 2/23/98)(WUD, 1994, p.593,990)
1904 Market Hall was built in
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C12)
1907 The British forced the
abolition of slavery on the new Sultan of Zanzibar.
(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.T7)
1911 The British took over the
Zanzibar House of Wonders for government offices.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C13)
1913 The German Tendaguru
expedition to East Africa (later Tanzania) yielded a huge collection
of dinosaur bones from the late Jurassic. The collection was taken
to the Berlin Museum of Natural History.
(WSJ, 1/31/03, p.A1)
1913 The MV Liemba, a 220-foot
steamer, began its life in a shipyard in Papenburg, Germany, where
it was named the Graf von Goetzen after German East Africa's former
governor. It was dismantled, packed into 5,000 numbered crates, and
shipped to Dar es Salaam and then taken by railway and porter to the
shore of Lake Tanganyika where it was reassembled in 1915, armed
with cannon, and put to work defending the waters against Belgian
and British soldiers. It was scuttled and then dredged up by the
Belgians but sank in a storm soon after. In 1921 Churchill ordered
it recovered. In 1924 it was fished up and renamed MV Liemba, after
the local name for the lake. It was put into service as a cargo and
passenger ferry in 1927. It later inspired C.S. Forester’s novel
"The African Queen" (1935).
(AFP, 5/12/15)(Econ, 2/4/17, p.39)
1917 Nov, The East African
Campaign, a series of battles and guerrilla actions, which started
in German East Africa (later Tanzania) and spread to portions of
Mozambique, Northern Rhodesia, British East Africa, Uganda and the
Belgian Congo, all but ended when the Germans entered Portuguese
East Africa (later Mozambique) and continued the campaign living off
(http://tinyurl.com/lcfyagk)(Econ, 2/4/17, p.40)
1946 Apr, The British Labour
government authorized a mission to visit suitable sites in its
Tanganyika colony to cultivate groundnuts. The British Labour
government of Clement Attlee had come up with a plan to cultivate
tracts of what later became Tanzania with peanuts in a plan that
came to be called the Tanganyika Groundnut Scheme. It was abandoned
at considerable cost to the taxpayers when it did not become
1946-1961 The Tanganyika Territory was a British
(WUD, 1994, p.1452)
1952 Apr 15, The Lindi tropical
cyclone made landfall on Tanzania. The cyclone resulted in extensive
damage to buildings and property and a considerable loss of life.
1954 British colonial
authorities opened a deepwater port at Mtwara, Tanzania.
(Econ, 4/20/13, p.53)
1960 Archbishop Trevor
Huddleston (d.1998 at 84) was made Bishop of Masasi, Tanzania, and
spent 8 years there.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A26)
1960 The state hospital at Dar
es Salaam, Tanzania, was built.
(Econ, 1/3/04, p.34)
1960 Jane Goodall began her
study of chimpanzees in the Gombe reserve of Tanzania.
(SFEC, 12/15/96, zone 1 p.3)
1961 Dec 9, The British Trust
Territory of Tanganyika became independent. The first president was
socialist Julius Nyerere (1922-1999). He resigned in 1985.
Tanganyika became the mainland part of Tanzania in 1964.
8/8/98, p.A12)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.D7)
1961 May 3, A British Colonial
Office telegram stated the general guidance for keeping papers out
of the hands of newly elected independent governments. Items should
be disposed of if they "might embarrass members of the police,
military forces, public servants or others eg police informers;
might compromise sources of intelligence" -- or might be used
"unethically" by incoming ministers. Under "Operation Legacy",
officials in Kenya, Uganda, Malaysia, Tanzania, Jamaica and other
former colonial territories were briefed on how to dispose of
documents that "might embarrass Her Majesty's government." This was
only made public in 2013.
1961-1985 Pres. Julius Nyerere bankrupted Tanzania
by forcing peasants into collectives. During his rule he declared
water to be free, which led to it being squandered.
(Econ, 4/16/05, p.40)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.67)
1963 Dec 10, Zanzibar was
granted independence by the United Kingdom and became a
constitutional monarchy under the Sultan.
1964 Jan 12, Leftist rebels in
Zanzibar, soon joined with Tanganyika to form Tanzania, began their
successful revolt against the government. The socialist uprising
unseated Sultan Jamshid and was fatal to thousands of Indian and
(AP, 1/12/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C12)
1964 Feb 23, The U.S. and
Britain recognized the new Zanzibar government.
1964 Apr 22, The islands of
Zanzibar and Pemba joined the former British colony of Tanganyika to
form the republic of Tanzania. Zanzibar consists of the Pemba and
Unguja islands. It has its own president and legislation but also
votes in the Tanzanian presidential and National Assembly elections.
(WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A1)(WUD, 1994, p.1453)(SFC,
11/7/00, p.B2)(MC, 4/22/02)
1964 Oct 29, Julius Kambarage
Nyerere (1922-1999) took office as the first president of Tanzania,
a union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
1965 Feb 26, West Germany
ceased military aid to Tanzania.
1967 Sep, The government
delegations of China, Tanzania and Zambia held talks in Beijing and
formally signed the "Agreement of the Government of the People's
Republic of China, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania
and the Government of the Republic of Zambia on the Construction of
the Tanzania-Zambia Railway".
1967 The East African Community
(EAC) of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda established a common shilling.
The EAC lasted only a decade as cooperation fizzled. The project was
revived in 1999 and expanded in 2007 to include Burundi and Rwanda.
(WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A1)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.52)
1967 An Indian geologist
identified a local gemstone from the Mererani region near Mount
Kilimanjaro as a rare form of the mineral zoisite. He determined
that it turned blue at 400 degrees F. Tiffany & Co. named it
(WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A1)
1968 Julius K. Nyerere
(1922-1999), the first president of Tanzania (1964-1985), authored
Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism." He coined the economic policy called
ujamaa, a Swahili word for togetherness or family and fused the
country’s 120 tribes into a cohesive state.
1968 In Tanzania Campbell
Bridges (1937-2009), Scottish-born geologist, became the first to
record the discovery of the gemstone-quality tsavorite a green gem
that shines even before polishing. The gem was later mined in Kenya
1970 Oct, China began
construction of the 1,160 mile Tazara Railway between Lusaka, Zambia
and the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam. China brought in its own
workers for the project, which in 1976 finished ahead of schedule.
1972 Apr 7, Sheik Abeid Amane
Karume, Zanzibari vice-president of the republic of Tanzania, was
1976 Jul, China completed the
construction of a railway between Tanzania and Zambia.
1976 Human type footprints were
found at Laetoli, Tanzania. In 1978-79 Mary Leakey’s team excavated
the 75-foot long trail of 47 footprints most likely made by
1977 Feb 5, Julius Nyerere and
Aboud Jumbe set up the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party following the
merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and the
Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), which were the sole operating parties in
mainland Tanzania and the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar
1977 The East African Community
(EAC), founded in 1967, collapsed. In 2000 the regional club was
resurrected with six members: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan,
Tanzania and Uganda.
1978 Oct 30, Uganda troops
attacked Tanzania. Uganda under Idi Amin went on to annex a
700-square-mile section of Tanzania. Pres. Nyerere sent Tanzanian
soldiers and Ugandan exile volunteers to push back Amin's forces.
1978 Nov 1, Uganda, following
its invasion into Tanzania, formally annexed a section across the
Kagera River boundary.
1979 Apr 11, Idi Amin was
deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by
Tanzanian forces seized control of Kampala. Amin escaped to Libya
and settled into exile in Saudi Arabia.
(AP, 4/11/97)(SFC, 10/15/99,
1979 In Tanzania 2 new
varieties of cassava root were introduced. They were more resistant
to draught and more poisonous in raw form.
(NH, 7/96, p.13)
1980 Apr 1, The southern
African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) was established
by 9 countries with the Lusaka declaration (Angola, Botswana,
Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe).
The main aim was coordinating development projects in order to
lessen economic dependence on apartheid South Africa. On
August 17, 1992, it was transformed into the Southern African
Development Community (SADC). By 2008 it included 15 members.
1980-1994 Tanzania averaged an inflation rate of
almost 30% during this period.
(Econ, 11/2/13, p.82)
1985 In Tanzania Mr. Nyerere
retired and left his chosen successor, Hassan Mwinyi, winner of a
one party election, to open the economy. Mwinyi ruled to 1995.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A6)(Econ, 9/1/07, p.44)
1991 Nov 24, Freddie Mercury
(45), Zanzibar-born rock singer, died in London of pneumonia brought
on by AIDS. Mercury and the rock group Queen made the 1975 hit
(AP, 11/24/01)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A2)
1993 The government invited
Ocelot and TransCanada Pipelines to transport natural gas from the
Indian Ocean island of Songo Songo. It was to be completed in 1998.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A6)
1993 Aug 4, Rwandan Hutu's and
Tutsi's negotiated power-sharing agreement in Arusha, Tanzania. It
was viewed as a sellout by extremist leaders of the Hutu majority.
(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(MC, 8/4/02)
1993 In a privatization drive
part of the government stake in Safari beer was sold to a South
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A1)
1993 Monique A. Maddy (31)
launched her African Communications Group. The plan was to establish
a voice-mail only communications system using wireless hardware. By
1998 the operation grew to 1,000 wireless phones and 55 employees
with plans for expansion to Ghana and Sri Lanka.
(WSJ, 9/25/98, p.B1)
1993 The Serengeti plain in
northern Tanzania and south-western Kenya experienced a devastating
(Econ, 12/1/12, p.88)
1994 Apr 6, The presidents of
Rwanda and Burundi were killed on a return trip from Tanzania in a
mysterious plane crash near Kigali, Rwanda; widespread violence
erupted in Rwanda over claims the plane had been shot down: Agatha
Uwilingiyimana, Rwanda’s and Africa’s 1st female PM, Cyprian
Niayamira (Ntaryamira), president of Burundi (1993-94) and Juvenal
Habyarimana, president of Rwanda (1973) were killed along with the
French aircrew. In Rwanda the Interhamwe, an extremist organization,
and the Rwandan armed forces, FAR, launched a massacre of Tutsis and
sympathizers that killed some 800,000. [see Aug 1, 1997] A French
report in 2004 concluded that Paul Kagame, Tutsi rebel leader, was
behind the crash. In 2010 a Rwandan government-commissioned inquiry
said Rwandan Hutu soldiers shot down the Hutu president's plane and
sparked the slaughter of more than 500,000 people. In 2012 a French
judge determined that the missile fire that brought down the plane
and sparked the Rwanda genocide came from a military camp, and not
Tutsi rebels. This finding supported the theory that Habyarimana was
killed by extremist members of his own ethnic Hutu camp.
(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(SFC, 2/21/97, p.A26)(AP,
4/6/99)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A8)(AP, 1/12/10)(AFP, 1/11/12)
1994 Apr 29, Hundreds of
thousands of refugees fleeing the terror of ethnic massacres in
Rwanda were pouring into Tanzania.
(AP, Internet, 4/29/99)
1994 Apr 30, Some 100,000 men,
women and children fleeing ethnic slaughter in Rwanda crossed into
neighboring Tanzania. In Rwanda Tutsis were singled out, abducted
and massacred at a convent close to an army camp. In 2010 in
Tanzania the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda handed down
a life sentence to Ildephonse Hategekimana, a lieutenant from the
former Rwandan army, for ordering the massacre. He was found guilty
of genocide, murder and rape.
(AP, 4/30/99)(AFP, 12/6/10)
1994 Jun, In Tanzania 43 girls
died in a fire at Shauritanga school near Mount Kilimanjaro.
1994 Jul 18, In Rwanda the
Tutsi rebel movement (RPF) under Tutsi rebel leader Paul Kagame took
power. It promised to rebuild the courts and execute the guilty for
the slaughter of an estimated 500-800 thousand Tutsis. Two million
refugees, mostly Hutus, fled to refugee camps in Zaire and Tanzania.
Kagame studied at the US Army Command and General Staff College at
Fort Leavenworth in 1990. In 2005 Jean Hatzfeld, French journalist,
authored “Machete Season: The Killers in Rwanda Speak."
(SFC, 417/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 8/9/96, p.A10)(SFC,
10/22/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(AP, 7/18/99)(SSFC, 6/26/05,
1995 Mar 30, Tens of thousands
of Rwandan refugees, fleeing violence in Burundi, began a two-day
trek to sanctuary in Tanzania.
1995 Nov, In Tanzania Pres.
Benjamin William Mkapa took office after being elected president for
5 years in the country’s first multiparty vote and free elections in
30 years. Mkapa ruled to 2005.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A1)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)(Econ,
9/1/07, p.44)(Econ., 7/25/20, p.32)
1995 Tanzania's ruling party
faced its first big challenge in 30 years.
(WSJ, 10/30/95, p.A-1)
1995 Tanzania's Opposition
Civic United Front (CUF) supporters believed that the ruling Party
of the Revolution (CCM) stole the 1995 elections in Zanzibar.
(Econ, 11/5/05, p.51)
1996 Jan 25, 12,000 Rwandan
refugees fleeing army attacks in Burundi allowed to enter.
(WSJ, 1/25/96, A-1)
1996 May 21, A Tanzanian ferry
sank on Lake Victoria and at least 615 people, many of whom were
students, were killed. Pres. Mkapa called the sinking a national
disaster. The ferry, MV Bukoba with capacity for 441, was traveling
from Bukoba to Mwanza. 563 of the 663 aboard were presumed dead.
(WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A8)(WSJ,
5/23/96, p.A-1)(AP, 5/21/97)
1996 Aug, After the Burundi
coup of Jul 25, former Tanzanian Pres. Julius Nyerere led East
African leaders to impose sanctions on Burundi and force Buyoya to
restore democratic rule.
(SFC, 9/25/96, p.A9)
1996 Dec 14, Rwandan refugees,
who previously refused to return home, began re-entering Rwanda
after 2 1/2 years in Tanzania.
1997 Jan, It was reported that
the lion population had fallen by about a third in the Serengeti
National park due to distemper in dogs that transmitted up the food
chain. More than 1,000 lions had died over the last 2 years.
(SFC, 1/18/96, p.A16)
1997 Mar 22, In Tanzania the
worst drought in 40 years was reported.
(SFC, 3/22/97, p.A4)
1998 Apr 13, It was reported
that at least 90 miners were feared dead after heavy rains the
previous week caused 14 pits to collapse near Arusha. They were
mining for tanzanite, a gem used in jewelry.
(WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A1)
1998 May 15, Three African
nations, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, announced plans for an
economic, political and social union.
(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)
1998 Jun 27, It was reported
that some 22,000 Indian house crows had been trapped and killed over
the past year. They were introduced into East Africa in the late
19th century and had become a significant pest.
(SFC, 6/27/98, p.A7)
1998 Aug 7, Two powerful bombs
exploded at the US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania. The bombings killed 224 people and marked the first
large-scale attack by al Qaeda. Twelve Americans were among the
dead, and over 4,800 were injured. In Nairobi at least 53 buildings
were damaged. The adjacent Ufundi Cooperative House was demolished
and the 22-story Cooperative Bank House had all its windows
shattered. Haroun Fazil of the Comoros Islands was later the 3rd
bombing suspect to be charged in the Kenya bombing. Ali Mohamed, a
former US Army sergeant, was involved in the US Embassy bombings. In
2000 he pleaded guilty for his role under the direction of Osama bin
Laden. In 2001 Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al-‘Owhali (24) of Saudi Arabia,
Khalfan Khamis Mohamed (27) of Tanzania, Wadi El-Hage (40) of Texas,
and Mohamed Sadeek Odeh (36) of Jordan were convicted on 302 counts.
In 2007 Walid Muhammad bin Attash told a military tribunal at
Guantanamo that he was responsible for organizing the 2000 Cole
attack in Yemen as well as the 1998 bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
In 2014 Adel Abdul Bary, a suspect in the bombings, pleaded guilty
to lesser charges of making threats against Americans. Plaintiffs
began suing Sudan in 2001 in federal court in Washington for
harboring and providing support to al Qaeda. In 2020 the US Supreme
Court refused to hear Sudan's bid to avoid paying $3.8 billion in
damages to family members of people killed or injured in the
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A1)(WSJ,
9/18/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/7/99)(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/30/01,
p.A13)(SFC, 9/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.A3)(SFC, 9/20/14,
1998 Aug 8, A group called the
Liberation Arm of the Islamic Sanctuaries claimed responsibility and
threatened more attacks. Israeli troops began to arrive to assist in
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A1)(SFC,
1998 Aug 8, Pres. Clinton in
weekly radio address vowed the bombers of 2 US embassies in Africa
would be brought to justice, "no matter how long it takes or where
it takes us.''
1998 Aug 9, Americans, Kenyans
and Tanzanians held church and memorial services to mourn those
killed in bombing attacks on two U.S. embassies.
1998 Sep 21, In Dar es Salaam
Mustafa Mahmoud Said Ahmen of Egypt and Rashid Saleh Hemed of
Tanzania were charged with murder in connection with the bombing of
the US Embassy.
(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A6)
1998 Sep 23, Transparency
Int’l, an int’l. good-government advocacy group, said that Cameroon
is viewed as the most corrupt of the 85 countries rated. Nigeria,
Tanzania, Honduras and Paraguay filled out the bottom five. Denmark,
Finland and Sweden were seen as having the cleanest political
(WSJ, 9/23/98, p.B17)
1998 Oct 24, A shipment of
10,000 books bound for Tanzania and Zanzibar left SF. The shipment
was based on a donation by Berkeley Prof. Ed Ferguson with help from
the Int’l. Longshore and Warehouse Union.
(SFC, 10/23/98, p.A23)
1998 Nov 11, It was reported
that Pfizer and the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation initiated a $66
million effort to attack trachoma, a disease of the eye caused by
chlamydia. A one-gram dose of zithromax given once a year would
treat the disease. Focus was to be on Ghana, Mali, Morocco, Tanzania
(SFC, 11/11/98, p.D6)
1998 Dec 16, Federal
prosecutors in NYC charged 5 men in the Aug 7 bombing of the
American Embassy in Tanzania. Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil of Egypt,
Khalfan Khamis Mohamed and Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani of Tanzania, and
Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam and Sheik Ahmed Salim Swedan of Kenya. A
6th man, “Ahmed the German," detonated the explosive device and was
(SFC, 12/17/98, p.C2)
1998 Rick Ridgeway authored
“The Shadow of Kilimanjaro," an account of his trek from the top of
the mountain, through the Tsavo national park and to the shores of
the Indian Ocean.
(SFEC, 10/11/98, p.T8)
1999 Jan 19, In Burundi rebels
based in Tanzania killed 59 civilians in Makamba. In Muresi Hill 76
civilians were killed.
(SFC, 1/29/99, p.E9)
1999 Mar 30, Tanzania arrested
a former Rwanda army officer suspected in the killing of 10 Belgian
peacekeepers in 1994. The officer was freed Mar 29 by a UN war
(WSJ, 3/31/99, p.A1)
1999 Sep 1, In Tanzania a
charter plane carrying 10 American tourists from Serengeti National
Park crashed on Mount Meru. 12 people were confirmed dead.
(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 9/3/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 14, Former Pres.
Julius Nyerere (77) died in London from a massive stroke. He was
called Mwalimu, the Swahili word for teacher.
(SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.D7)
1999 Nov 22, In Tanzania it was
reported that some 500 people per day were fleeing into the country
from Burundi as fighting in Burundi intensified.
(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)
1999 Dec 6, In Tanzania a UN
court convicted Georges Rutaganda on 3 of 8 charges of genocide
against Tutsis committed when he was vice president of the
Interhamwe death squads in Rwanda in 1994.
(SFC, 12/7/99, p.B2)
1999-2003 Carla Del Ponte, a Swiss prosecutor,
served as chief prosecutor of the Rwandan tribunal based in
(Econ, 1/24/09, p.89)
2000 Feb 21, In Tanzania
African presidents and European ministers appealed to Burundi's
leaders to negotiate a swift end to the civil war.
(SFC, 2/22/00, p.A9)
2000 Jul 7, The East African
Community (EAC), founded in 1967, was resurrected following its
collapse in 1977. The regional club included six members: Burundi,
Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. In 2005 members
agreed on a customs union and in 2010 they agreed on a common
2000 Oct 5, In Tanzania 18
people died and 39 were injured as a bus swerved to avoid a
presidential motorcade and hit a crowd of people.
(WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 29, In Tanzania
elections were held. The leader of Zanzibar charged that ballots
were kept from opposition strongholds. Police later fired on
protesters and officials agreed to rerun voting in 16 of 50
(WSJ, 10/30/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/31/00, p.A1)
2000 Nov 6, In Zanzibar the
ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi won 34 of the 50 seats in the House of
Representatives. The opposition Civic United Front took the
remaining 16 seats.
(SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)
2000 Nov 8, In Tanzania the
National Electoral Commission announced that Pres. Benjamin Mkapa
had won the Oct 29 multi-party elections with 71.7% of the vote. In
Zanzibar Amani Karume was declared president.
(SFC, 11/9/00, p.C5)(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2000 Nov 22, In Tanzania the
state power company, Tanesco, announced rationing measures with
power cuts 8-16 hours per day until March. $61 million in bills were
unpaid, mostly from government offices.
(SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)
2001 Jan 3, In Tanzania 6 armed
men attacked a ferry with 50 passengers in Lake Tanganyika and 3
were shot to death including a 3-year-old girl. Male passengers were
ordered to jump into the lake and 5 bodies were later recovered. 20
were feared drowned. 5 gunmen were later arrested
(SFC, 1/8/01, p.A10)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A15)
2001 Jan 15, In East Africa the
presidents of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda formed a regional
partnership, reviving one that collapsed in 1978.
(SFC, 1/16/01, p.A10)
2001 Jan 28, Weekend clashes in
Zanzibar (Tanzania) killed 39 opposition supporters as protesters
demanded new elections.
(WSJ, 1/29/01, p.A1)(Econ, 12/13/03, p.43)
2001 Jan 29, Tanzanian police
regained control in Zanzibar following weekend street battles that
left 40 people dead.
(WSJ, 1/30/01, p.A1)
2001 Jun 15, The US cancelled
$16 million of Tanzania’s debt and committed to canceling the
remaining $10 million by the end of the year.
(SFC, 6/16/01, p.A7)
2002 Jun 20, In northern
Tanzania more than 30 people may have suffocated deep inside a
tanzanite mine in northern Tanzania after an oxygen pump failed.
2002 Jun 24, In central
Tanzania a passenger train rolled backward into an oncoming freight
train, killing at least 288 people.
(AP, 6/24/02)(AP, 6/25/02)(AP, 6/28/03)
2002 Jul 5, The United States
has forgiven all of the remaining $21.3 million in debt owed by the
Tanzanian government, the U.S embassy said.
2002 Nov 17, In the Mbeya
region of southwestern Tanzania at least 19 prisoners died from
suffocation in an overcrowded jail cell.
2003 Mar 3, In Tanzania
a new U.S. Embassy opened in Dar Es Salaam, replacing the one
destroyed 4 ½ years ago when terrorists launched attacks.
2003 Jul 7, In northwestern
Tanzania a bus rolled several times after one of its front tires
burst, killing at least 19 people and injuring 23 others.
2003 Nov 5, Two buses collided
in northern Tanzania, killing at least 25 people.
2004 Jan 3, In Tanzania life
expectancy was 43 years and the infant mortality rate was one of the
highest in the world.
(Econ, 1/3/04, p.34)
2004 Jul 15, In Tanzania the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) sentenced former
finance minister Emmanuel Ndindabahizi to life imprisonment for his
role in the east African country's 1994 genocide.
2004 Jul 25, Pakistan arrested
Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani, a Tanzanian al-Qaida suspect, wanted by the
United States in the 1998 bombings at U.S. embassies in Kenya and
2004 Jul, In Tanzania over
10,000 flamingos died at the Lake Manyara National Park. Officials
were puzzled and no other wildlife appeared affected.
(SFC, 7/24/04, p.B10)
2004 Aug 4, In southern
Tanzania some 22 villagers appeared in court on charges of killing 7
people who allegedly practiced witchcraft. Villagers said the
witches cut off the sexual organs of dead villagers and used them to
concoct charms intended to bring good harvests and fortune.
2004 Nov 20, Fifteen African
presidents and UN chief Kofi Annan signed a common declaration in
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, to promote peace and security in the Great
2004 Some 50,000 Barabaig, a
remnant of the Datoga people, lived in central Tanzania. They were
semi-nomadic herders by tradition, but since 1961 the government had
appropriated much of their traditional grazing land for agricultural
(NG, 7/04, p.80)
2004 Dr. Frank Artress and his
wife Susan Gustafson, formerly from Modesto, Ca., established the
Foundation for African Medicine and Education (FAME) in Tanzania.
Their decision to work in Africa followed a spiritual transformation
during a climb on Mt. Kilimanjaro, during which Artress was rescued
by his native crew.
(SSFC, 5/4/08, p.A17)(www.fameafrica.org)
2005 Apr 27, A UN tribunal in
Tanzania sentenced Mika Muhimana, a former local government official
in western Rwanda, to imprisonment for the rest of his life for
shooting to death and raping mostly Tutsi victims during the 1994
2005 May 20, British scientists
reported the discovery of a new species of monkey in Tanzania, the
(SFC, 5/21/05, p.A1)
2005 Oct 16, In Tanzania 4
British tourists and a Canadian pilot who were killed in a weekend
plane crash in the western part of the country.
2005 Oct 30, Zanzibar police
and ruling party militia chased opposition supporters through the
streets as voters chose between the socialists who have ruled
semiautonomous state for more than 30 years and an opposition group
promising wholesale change. Voting in national and regional
elections on mainland Tanzania was postponed to Dec. 18 because of a
vice presidential candidate's death. Official results named
incumbent Amani Karume of the ruling Party of the Revolution (CCM)
the winner with 53% of the vote.
(AP, 10/30/05)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.51)
2005 Nov 1, Police surrounded
opposition headquarters and clashed with protesters on the
semiautonomous archipelago of Zanzibar (Tanzania) as the ruling
party was declared the winner of presidential and parliamentary
elections. 9 people died in related violence and the opposition made
allegations of rigging.
(AP, 11/1/05)(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 8, Callixte
Kalimanzira (52), a suspected leader of Rwanda's 1994 genocide,
surrendered in Tanzania to the international court trying the
architects of the slaughter.
2005 Nov 14, In Tanzania
Calixte Kalimanzira, a man who served as Rwanda's interior minister
during the slaughter of more than half a million people in 1994,
pleaded not guilty to three counts of genocide and crimes against
2005 Dec 7, A UN court in
Tanzania trying masterminds of Rwanda's genocide convicted Paul
Bisengimana, former mayor of Gikoro, for abetting the 1994
slaughter, but dropped three counts including genocide.
2005 Dec 13, A UN tribunal
convicted former Lt. Col. Aloys Simba, a retired Rwandan army
officer, of genocide and sentenced him to 25 years in prison for
participating in the slaughter of ethnic minority Tutsi.
2005 Dec 14, Tanzania voted for
president and Parliament. Jakaya Kikwete took 80% of the vote. The
ruling party of the Revolution (CCM) won 206 of 232 parliamentary
(WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A1)(Econ, 1/7/06, p.50)
2005 Dec 18, In Tanzania the
national election commission said Jakaya Kikwete, candidate for the
ruling Revolutionary Party, won the presidential election with 80%
of the vote.
(AP, 12/18/05)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.57)
2005 The population of Tanzania
was about 36 million with 45% Christian and 35% Muslim.
(Econ, 11/5/05, p.51)
2006 Jan 1, East African
leaders said that millions of people in the region faced hunger
because poor rains had affected vital crops and pasture. Burundi,
Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Tanzania faced acute food shortages.
2006 Jan 4, In Tanzania rocks
and boulders tumbled down Mount Kilimanjaro and crashed into tents
where tourists were sleeping, killing 3 American climbers and
seriously injuring 2.
2006 Feb 18, Conservation
officials said a searing drought in Kenya and neighboring Tanzania
has killed dozens of hippopotamuses and other wild animals, and
disrupted the annual migration of wildebeests and zebras between the
two East African nations.
2006 Apr 29, Scientists tried
to discover why hundreds of dolphins washed up dead on a beach
popular with tourists on the northern coast of Zanzibar.
2006 Jun 9, In northern
Tanzania an overloaded bus plunged off a bridge and into a river
gorge, killing at least 54 people.
2006 Sep 15, Tanzania’s energy
minister said ongoing drought in east Africa has forced Tanzania to
impose power cuts seven days a week.
2006 Oct 17, The United States
said it plans to take in about 10,000 Burundian refugees from
Tanzania, many of whom fled their landlocked nation as far back as
2006 Nov 24, France said it
will give Tanzania 46 million euros (60 million dollars) to fund
development projects in the east African nation over the next five
2006 Nov 30, The East African
Community (EAC) said Rwanda and Burundi have been accepted as
members, expanding the regional economic bloc to five nations. The
EAC previously grouped Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, which hoped to
transform the region into a political federation.
2006 Dec 14, In Tanzania Joseph
Nzabirinda (49), a former youth organizer accused in Rwanda's 1994
genocide, pleaded guilty to one count of murder before a UN war
crimes court, becoming only the seventh defendant to admit his
guilt. Amnesty International expressed serious concern that the
court has been one-sided in its prosecutions and decried its
proposed transfer of cases to the Rwandan judicial system.
2006 Dec 15, In Kenya 11
African heads of state attending the 2nd International Conference on
the Great Lakes Region signed a landmark $2 billion
(1.5-billion-euro) security and development pact to forestall fresh
violence in the area.
2006 In the waters off East
Africa unmarked fishing ships carried 23mm anti-aircraft guns and
fished illegally impacting the local fishermen of Kenya, Somalia and
Tanzania. Fish stocks fell as coral reefs were ripped, and
numberless dolphins and turtles were getting snagged.
(Econ, 8/5/06, p.43)
2007 Jan 5, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Tanzania's Foreign Minister
Asha-Rose Migiro to the deputy secretary-general post at the UN,
calling her a highly respected leader and outstanding manager who
has championed the developing world. A senior UN official said the
United Nations has investigated more than 300 members of UN
peacekeeping missions for alleged sexual exploitation and abuse
during the past three years and more than half were fired or sent
2007 Feb 14, In Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania, a conference of Anglican leaders opened as the 77
million-member church struggled with a potentially disastrous fight
over the Bible and sexuality.
2007 Feb 14, In Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania, a conference of Anglican leaders opened as the 77
million-member church struggled with a potentially disastrous fight
over the Bible and sexuality.
2007 Feb 19, Anglican leaders
in Tanzania demanded that the US Episcopal Church unequivocally bar
official prayers for gay couples and the consecration of more gay
bishops to undo the damage that North Americans have caused the
2007 Feb 26, The World Vision
humanitarian group said that more than 50% of children in refugee
camps around Africa's volatile Great Lakes area have experienced
some form of sexual abuse. The data, collected in camps in the
Burundi, Congo (DRC), Tanzania, northern Uganda and Rwanda, said
widespread poverty made children vulnerable to abuses.
2007 Mar 15, A defiant
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe told his critics of his
government to "go hang" themselves in his first response to the
arrest and assault of opposition chief Morgan Tsvangirai. Tanzanian
President Jakaya Kikwete went into talks with Mugabe following
growing international condemnation of the crackdown on opposition
2007 Mar 28, In Tanzania 14
Southern African leaders meet for a two-day extraordinary summit on
economic and political regional woes spurred by crises in Zimbabwe
and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
2007 Mar 29, In Tanzania
African leaders rallied around President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe,
ignoring calls for tougher action against him and suggesting
dialogue as the solution to his country's deepening political
2007 Apr 13, In Tanzania the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) ordered that
Michel Bagaragaza, the former head of Rwanda's national tea
industry, be tried by a court in the Netherlands. He was accused of
involvement in Rwanda’s 1994 mass slaughter. In Sep, 2009,
Bagaragaza (64) pleaded guilty to complicity in the slaughter. In
Nov he was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
(AFP, 4/13/07)(AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 11/5/09)
2007 May 18, A group of 88
Burundians who have lived as refugees in neighboring Tanzania for up
to 35 years became the first of some 8,500 to head to the US for a
2007 May 21, In Tanzania the
appeals court of the UN-backed Rwandan genocide tribunal upheld a
life sentence for Mika Muhimana (57), convicted on multiple counts
of rape and murder. Muhimana, a Hutu, was accused of involvement in
the rape of nearly 30 women from the minority Tutsi tribe during
Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
2007 Jun 4, The TED
organization (Technology, Entertainment, Design) gathered in
Tanzania for a 4 day session to discuss ideas for helping the poor
2007 Jun 4, The Institute for
Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) said a study of mortality patterns
in South Africa, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Tanzania and Senegal
indicated Africa's HIV/AIDS crisis was reaching deep into elected
2007 Jun 12, It was reported
that the Hadzabe tribe of Tanzania, numbering fewer than 1,500,
faced a hastening extinction following a government deal to lease
2,500 square miles of tribal hunting land to members of the UAR
royal family. Schools, roads and other projects were offered in
(SFC, 6/12/07, p.A20)
2007 Jun 19, President Jakaya
Kikwete said Tanzania will shut camps housing 150,000 refugees from
Burundi by the end of this year as the war in the neighboring
central African country is over.
2007 Jul 25, State television
reported that Zimbabwe is to import 200,000 tons of the staple maize
from Tanzania to avert widespread food shortages following a poor
harvest. An international rights group said Zimbabwe's government
routinely arrests and tortures women's rights activists as part of a
crackdown on protests against President Mugabe and his policies.
2007 Jul, Rwanda and Burundi
became members of the East African Community (EAC), which included
Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
(AP, 11/17/07)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.52)
2007 Aug 3, In Tanzania
Darfur's fractious rebel groups gathered for talks aimed at
hammering out a united front, following UN approval of a beefed up
peacekeeping mission in the Sudanese region.
2007 Aug 5, Darfur's fractious
rebel groups held a third day of reconciliation talks in Tanzania in
a bid to present a united front at future peace talks with Khartoum.
2007 Aug 6, In Tanzania
Darfur's rebel groups concluded four days of talks by agreeing on a
common platform to soon enter final peace negotiations with the
2007 Sep 1, The population of
Tanzania was about 39 million, with a GDP per head of $860.
(Econ, 9/1/07, p.44)
2007 Nov 14, The EU reached an
accord with the East African Community (EAC) states of Burundi,
Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. They will enjoy duty free, quota
free access to the EU for all products, except sugar and rice, from
January 1. Originally established in 1967, the EAC collapsed a
decade later amid diverging economic philosophies. It was
resurrected in 2000 as Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda agreed to create
an EU-style common market for their 90 million citizens. Rwanda and
Burundi became members in July this year.
(AP, 11/17/07)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.52)
2007 Dec 28, Tanzania's
ambassador to South Africa and his wife were attacked by armed
robbers at a farewell dinner hosted for them in the capital
2007 Uganda began construction
of the $860 million Bujagali Dam for hydroelectric power from Lake
Victoria water. About 55% of lower water levels on Lake Victoria
were attributed dams built by the Ugandan government. This severely
impacted farmers and fishermen in adjoining Kenya and Tanzania as
well as Uganda.
(SFC, 6/24/08, p.A14)
2008 Feb 7, Tanzania's PM
Edward Lowassa and two Cabinet ministers resigned over a corruption
scandal involving a contract with a nonexistent firm supposedly
based in the US. Pres. Jakaya Kikwete dissolved the entire Cabinet
as a result.
2008 Feb 17, US President
George W. Bush discussed the bloody conflict in neighboring Kenya
with Tanzania's Pres. Jakaya Kikwete before showering him with
praise and signing over a $700 million development grant.
2008 Feb 18, President Bush
handed out hugs and bed nets in Tanzania's rural north, saying the
US is part of a new international effort to provide enough mosquito
netting to protect every child between one and five from contracting
malaria in this east African nation.
2008 Feb 18, Callixte
Nzabonimana (55), Rwanda’s former youth and sport minister, was
arrested in the town of Kigoma, Tanzania. He faced trial for
participating in the 1994 genocide. The trial of Nzabonimana,
described by prosecutors as "the Butcher of Gitarama," began at the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Tanzania on Nov
(Reuters, 2/19/08)(AFP, 11/9/09)
2008 Feb 28, Kenya's rival
politicians, aided by AU chairman Jakaya Kikwete, signed a
power-sharing agreement and shook hands after weeks of bitter
negotiations on how to end the country's deadly postelection crisis.
(AP, 2/28/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.49)
2008 Mar 18, The World Food
Program (WFP) made a six million dollar appeal to feed some 90,000
Burundian refugees in Tanzania who expect to return to the central
African country in 2008.
2008 Mar 28, In northeastern
Tanzania 75 miners were missing and believed to have died in mines
following heavy rains.
2008 Apr 13, In Tanzania about
1,000 people cheered and marched with a team of 80 athletes and a
Cabinet minister participating in the Olympic torch relay, the
flame's only stop in Africa.
2008 Jun 8, In Tanzania a
growing criminal trade in albino body parts was reported to have led
to 19 killings over the past year. By the end of the year at least
35 albinos were reportedly murdered to supply witch doctors with
limbs, organs and hair for their potions.
(SSFC, 6/8/08, p.A22)(Econ, 1/17/09, p.50)
2008 Jul 16, The United States
signed a pair of agreements to boost trade and investment ties with
countries in southern and eastern Africa. These included the Trade,
Investment and Development Cooperation Agreement with the Southern
Africa Customs Union (SACU), which includes Botswana, Lesotho,
Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland; and the Trade Investment and
Framework Agreement (TIFA) with the East African Community, which
includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
2008 Sep 24, In Tanzania the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) sentenced Simeon
Nchamihigo, Rwanda’s former deputy prosecutor, to life in prison for
his role in Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
2008 Oct 1, In central Tanzania
a stampede at an overcrowded dance hall in Tabora killed 20 children
and left 50 others injured as they celebrated the Islamic Eid
2008 Dec 2, In Tanzania Simon
Bikindi, Rwandan singer-songwriter, was sentenced to 15 years in
prison by the Tanzania-based UN war crimes court for inciting the
killings of ethnic Tutsis during the 1994 genocide. In 2010 a court
upheld his 15 year sentence. The time Bikindi has already spent in
prison since his arrest in July 2001 will be deducted from the 15
(AFP, 12/2/08)(AFP, 3/18/10)
2008 Dec, Tanganyika Oil was
acquired by a subsidiary of China Petroleum & Chemical Corp.
(Sinopec) for $2 billion.
(Econ, 6/27/09, p.72)
2009 Feb 15, China and Tanzania
signed cooperation agreements worth millions of dollars during a
visit by President Hu Jintao to this east African country aimed to
2009 Feb 27, A UN tribunal in
Tanzania convicted a former Rwandan military chaplain of attempted
rape and genocide for crimes that included killing people who had
sought refuge in a seminary. The three-judge panel sentenced
Emmanuel Rukundo (50) to 25 years in prison. Rukundo will only serve
17 and half years because the judges gave him credit for the seven
and a half years he has already spent in detention.
2009 Mar 29, In central
Tanzania a goods train hit a stationary passenger train, killing at
least 15 people.
2009 Apr 6, In Zambia western
nations and lending agencies meeting in Lusaka agreed a financing
package of more than $1 billion to improve infrastructure in
southern and central Africa at an investment conference meant to
expand transport links and trade. Britain said it would separately
provide 100 million pounds ($149.2 million) to transform the
region's infrastructure to increase trade and mitigate the effects
of the global financial crisis. New projects will link businesses in
8 African countries: Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo,
Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa.
2009 Apr 29, In Tanzania huge
blasts rocked an ammunition dump at an army camp in the coastal city
of Dar es Salaam. More than a dozen people were killed.
(AP, 4/29/09)(SFC, 2/18/11, p.A2)
2009 Jun 22, In Tanzania a UN
court, trying alleged masterminds of Rwanda's 1994 genocide,
sentenced former interior minister Callixte Kalimanzira (56) to 30
years in prison for tricking thousands of people to hide on a hill,
only to watch them get slaughtered by militias.
2009 Jul 9, The UN passed a
resolution extending the lifetime of the International Criminal
Tribunal for Rwanda to next year. The latest extension is the second
for the Tanzania-based court which had originally been scheduled
wind up its lower court cases by December 2008, but had its life
extended to December 2009.
2009 Jul 14, In Tanzania
Tharcisse Renzaho, the former prefect of Rwandan capital Kigali, was
sentenced to life for genocide-related crimes by the UN-backed war
crimes court trying masterminds of the country's 1994 massacre.
2009 Jul 26, In Tanzania a bus
crashed into a truck in Korogwe killing 33 people.
(SSFC, 7/26/09, p.A2)
2009 Aug 22, In Tanzania a fire
ripped through a dormitory in the rural Iringa district, killing 12
schoolgirls and wounding 23 others. Preliminary investigations
indicated the fire was caused by a candle after a student fell
2009 Oct 30, The BBC said Anton
Turner (38), a British guide working on a children's television show
in Tanzania, was killed after being charged by an elephant. The show
"Serious Explorers" followed David Livingstone's famous 19th-century
trek across the African continent.
2009 Nov 11, In Tanzania a
landslide followed a night of heavy rains and killed 11 children and
9 adults near Mt. Kilimanjaro.
2009 Nov 17, A judge in
Tanzania said the prosecution failed to prove its case against
Father Hormisdas Nsengimana (55). He was alleged to have been at the
center of a group of Hutu extremists that planned and carried out
targeted attacks in Nyanza in 1994. Nsengimana was head of College
Christ-Roi, a prestigious Catholic school in the southern Rwandan
town. Judge Eric Mose ordered his immediate release from the UN
detention facility in Arusha. He had been imprisoned for seven years
since his 2002 arrest in Cameroon.
2009 Nov 18, In Uganda a new 12
million dollar family planning drive was launched in Kampala
highlighting how Obama administration funding has revamped a
contraception drive in Africa and developing states. Uganda,
Ethiopia, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Kenya will share in the
12-million dollar funding, but international organizations still
have to persuade certain African governments that it is in their
interest to curb population growth.
2009 Nov 20, In Tanzania
members of the East Africa Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda,
Tanzania, Uganda) signed a common market agreement in Arusha,
headquarters of the EAC.
2009 Nov 30, Interpol and the
Kenya Wildlife Service said African authorities over the last 3
months had raided shops, intercepted vehicles at checkpoints and
used sniffer dogs to detect and seize over 3,800 pounds (1,768kg) of
illegal elephant ivory in a six-nation operation. This involved the
wildlife authorities, police and customs departments of Burundi,
Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
2009 Dec 10, In Tanzania an
undersea cable to the archipelago of Zanzibar failed. The government
vowed to have it restored by Feb 20, 2010.
(SSFC, 1/24/10, p.M3)
2009 Dec 17, Oxfam said some
areas of East Africa had received less than 5% of the normal
November rains and that many people are malnourished in Uganda,
Tanzania, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. It was the sixth failed rainy
season for war-ravaged Somalia and the worst drought there for 20
years. The European Commission announced that it would immediately
release an extra $75 million to fund emergency relief for
drought-stricken areas of East Africa. It estimated that 16 million
people will need aid in the coming months.
2009 The population of Tanzania
was about 41 million.
2010 Feb 11, In Tanzania a UN
tribunal found former Rwandan Lt. Col. Tharcisse Muvunyi guilty of
exhorting a crowd to kill Tutsis and destroy their homes during the
1994 genocide that ripped through the Central African nation. He was
sentenced to 15 years in prison.
2010 Feb 25, In Arusha,
Tanzania, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR),
found lieutenant colonel Ephrem Setako (60) guilty of genocide,
crimes against humanity and murder. "The Chamber found that Setako
ordered the killings on 25 April 1994 of 30 to 40 Tutsis at Mukamira
military camp in Ruhengeri prefecture and around 10 other Tutsis
there on 11 May 1994."
2010 May 14, Four African
countries (Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda) signed a new treaty
on the equitable sharing of the Nile waters despite strong
opposition from Egypt and Sudan, who have the lion's share of the
river waters. The new agreement, the Nile Basin Cooperative
Framework, is to replace a 1959 accord between Egypt and Sudan that
gives them control of more than 90 percent of the water flow.
Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Abul Gheit warned at the weekend
that Cairo's water rights were a "red line" and threatened legal
action if a partial deal is reached.
2010 Jul 1, The international
court in Tanzania investigating Rwanda's 1994 genocide said it has
sentenced Yussuf Munyakazi (75), a father of 13, to 25 years in jail
for killing thousands of people. He was found guilty of "genocide
and extermination" involving Tutsis who had sought refuge in
2010 Jul 13, Tanzanian lawyer
Jwani Mwaikusa was shot in Dar es Salaam. He was a defense lawyer
for a UN tribunal that tries suspects in Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
Police said his nephew and a neighbor were also killed.
2010 Jul 31, The Tanzanian
island of Zanzibar voted to form a unity government after
October elections in an effort to avoid a repeat of previous
electoral violence that killed dozens of people.
2010 Aug 3, In Arusha,
Tanzania, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR),
found Dominique Ntawukulilyayo (68) guilty of genocide and sentenced
him to 25 years of imprisonment. Prosecutors said Ntawukulilyayo in
1994 had transported soldiers to a hill where thousands of refugee
Tutsis had gathered after he promised to feed and protect them. The
soldiers joined other assailants in an attack, leaving possibly
thousands of Tutsis dead.
2010 Aug 5, In Tanzania 20
school children were feared drowned and 20 rescued after a boat they
were traveling in capsized on the Tanzanian side of Lake Victoria.
2010 Aug 26, Interpol said
police have seized about 10 metric tons of counterfeit medicines and
arrested 80 people in a sweep across eastern Africa. Authorities
across Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zanzibar took
part in the bust.
2010 Sep 3, In Accra, Ghana,
Standard Bank Africa announced at an agricultural forum a 100
million dollar scheme to reach some 750,000 small scale farmers in
Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda in a bid to boost output.
2010 Sep 29, In Tanzania a hot
air balloon carrying tourists over Serengeti National Park crashed,
killing an American and a Danish tourist and wounding eight others.
2010 Oct 31, Tanzania's ruling
party, which has been in power for close to half a century, faced an
energized opposition in national elections, following corruption
scandals that have undermined the government's popularity. On Nov 5
election officials said Tanzania's Pres. Jakaya Kikwete won a 2nd
term in office with 61% of the vote. In Zanzibar Ali Mohammed Shein
(62) won the election with 50.1% of the vote. He was sworn in as
president on Nov 3.
(AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/3/10)(AP, 11/6/10)
2010 Nov 1, In Tanzania Gasper
Kanyarukiga, a former Rwandan businessman, was found guilty of
ordering bulldozers in 1994 to demolish the Nyange Church where
2,000 Tutsis had sought shelter. Judge Taghrid Hikmet said he
intentionally participated in the genocidal act and sentenced him to
30 years in prison.
2010 Dec 6, In Tanzania the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda handed down a life
sentence to Ildephonse Hategekimana, a lieutenant from the former
Rwandan army, after finding him guilty of genocide, murder and rape
in the 1994 massacre of Tutsis.
2010-2012 In Tanzania the number of elephants at the Selous Game
Reserve droped from 40,000 to 13,000 during this period. In 2014 it
was reported that more than 100,000 African elephants had been
killed during this period for their tusks.
(SFC, 8/23/14, p.A2)
2011 Jan, Tanzania arrested
Mohamed Mohamed of Kenya for his role in the July 11, 2010, bombings
that killed 76 people in the Ugandan capital Kampala. In 2011
Tanzania’s Kisutu court granted an application to extradite the
suspect to Uganda to face justice.
2011 Feb 17, In Tanzania an
ammunition depot exploded in Dar Es Salaam killing at least 25
people and sent thousands into a stadium for safety.
(SFC, 2/18/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 25, Africa's highest
court on human rights ordered Libya to immediately cease any action
that would result in the loss of life. The order also compelled
Libya to report to the Tanzania-based court within two weeks. The
ruling was not made public until March 30.
2011 May 5, In Vietnam customs
officials intercepted 661 pounds (300 kg) of smuggled African
elephant tusks from Tanzania at a northern port city.
2011 May 17, In Tanzania the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda sentenced Maj. Gen.
Augustin Bizimungu to 30 years in prison for ordering killings
during the 1994 genocide. Three other top officers were also
sentenced. Bizimungu was captured in Angola in 2002. The ICTR also
convicted the head of the paramilitary police at the time, Augustin
Ndindiliyimana, of genocide crimes but ordered his release as he had
already spent 11 years in jail.
(AP, 5/17/11)(AFP, 5/17/11)
2011 May 23, India's PM
Manmohan Singh began a six-day trip to Ethiopia and Tanzania, aiming
to strike deeper economic ties with a continent rich in minerals and
commodities, but where Asia's third-largest economy lags far behind
2011 Jun 3, In Tanzania former
Black Panther Party leader Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt (63), died. Pratt
was convicted in 1972 of being one of two men who robbed and fatally
shot schoolteacher Caroline Olsen on a Santa Monica tennis court in
December 1968. The conviction was overturned after he spent 27 years
in prison for a crime he maintained he did not commit.
2011 Jun 24, In Tanzania the UN
Court trying suspects of the 1994 Rwanda genocide found Pauline
Nyiramasuhuko, a female former government minister, and her son,
Arsene Ntahobali, guilty of war crimes and gave both life sentences,
marking the first time a woman has been convicted of genocide.
2011 Aug 4, Tanzania’s Legal
and Human Rights Center said police brutality has led to the deaths
of 20 people in Tanzania in the first six months of this year. Five
police officers were killed by civilians during the same period.
2011 Aug 10, Tanzania pledged
300 tons of maize for Somalia's drought-hit people during a visit by
Somali President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed.
2011 Aug 24, Youths torched a
bar on Tanzania's Zanzibar archipelago in a reported protest against
alcohol sales, the third bar attacked this month on the popular
2011 Sep 10, The Tanzania
ferry, M.V. Spice Islanders, overcrowded and carrying over 800
people sank in deep sea between the mainland and Pemba Island,
leaving at least 240 people dead. Some 600 people were rescued.
(AP, 9/10/11)(AP, 9/11/11)
2011 Sep 30, Two former Rwandan
ministers were jailed for 30 years by the International Criminal
Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) for involvement in the country's 1994
genocide. Former public service minister Prosper Mugiraneza and his
then trade counterpart Justin Mugenzi were convicted of complicity
to commit genocide and incitement to commit genocide. The
Tanzania-based tribunal acquitted 2 other ministers charged with
similar offences due to lack of evidence.
2011 Oct 3, The Tanzanian navy
foiled a pirate attack on an offshore oil drilling ship and captured
all seven bandits. The attack on the Ocean Rig Poseidon, owned by
Ocean Rig of Norway, took place as it was carrying out exploration
drilling for Brazilian firm Petrobras.
2011 Nov 9, Tanzanian
opposition leader Freeman Mbowe surrendered to police. Mbowe, who
heads the CHADEMA party, and scores of supporters staged a Nov 7
demonstration in the northern town of Arusha demanding the release
of one of its officials and that President Jakaya Kikwete step down.
2011 Nov 10, Tanzanian police
slapped a ban on protests, as the opposition planned to rally for
the release of some of its members and the ruling party prepared its
2011 Nov 17, The Tanzania-based
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) handed down a
15-year jail term for genocide to Gregory Ndahimana (59), a Rwandan
former mayor, who in 1994 failed to stop police bulldozing a church,
burying nearly 2,000 people sheltered inside.
2011 Nov 21, Tanzania's PM
Mizengo Pinda said eight suspects have been sentenced to death by
hanging for the murder of albinos since a wave of witchcraft
killings erupted in 2007. More than 60 albinos have been murdered in
Tanzania since 2007 and their body parts chopped off to be sold to
2011 Dec 1, Amnesty
International urged Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia to arrest former
US president George W. Bush for violating international torture
laws, during his African tour this week.
2011 Dec 14, The Tanzania-based
UN tribunal said it has overturned several convictions against
former Rwandan Ministry of Defense director Col. Theoneste Bagosora.
The court reduced his life sentence to 35 years. Bagosora had been
sentenced in 2008 at the age of 67. The court also reduced the life
sentence of former military commander Anatole Nsengiyumva to 15
years and released him for time served.
2011 Air Tanzania stopped
flying after its last aircraft was grounded for repairs.
(Econ, 6/8/19, p.45)
2012 Jan 11, Alexis Sinduhije,
the head of Burundi’s opposition Movement for Solidarity and
Development, a former journalist, was arrested in Tanzania upon his
arrival there from Uganda. On Jan 21 Burundi admitted that it had
asked for the exiled Burundian opposition leader to be arrested in
Tanzania and extradited to face murder charges.
2012 Jan 24, Tanzanian police
freed Burundian opposition leader Alexis Sinduhije, who was arrested
two weeks ago in Dar es Salaam at Burundi's request. Sinduhije was
expelled to Uganda.
2012 Feb 18, It was reported
that more than 3,000 children in northern Uganda are suffering from
a debilitating mystery ailment known as nodding disease. For several
years, scientists have tried and failed to determine the cause of
the illness. Scientists did not know if the disease is linked to
similar outbreaks in neighboring South Sudan and Tanzania.
2012 Feb 24, The Tanzania-based
UN-backed tribunal for Rwanda referred fugitive suspect Fulgence
Kayishema's case to Kigali, the second such handover after initially
refusing to do so on account that Rwandan courts could not guarantee
2012 May 4, Tanzanian President
Jakaya Kikwete sacked six ministers over graft allegations after a
report by the auditor-general implicated numerous officials in cases
of bribery and suspect procurements. Kikwete also transferred an
additional eight ministers to new portfolios and appointed seven new
2012 May 26, In Tanzania's
archipelago of Zanzibar an Islamic group called Uamsho clashed with
police after they marched on a police station following the arrest
of one of their leaders. The group had been holding demonstrations
demanding an end to the union with Tanzania.
2012 May 29, In Tanzania a
leading local rights group said some 3,000 people suspected of
witchcraft, mainly old women, have been lynched in Tanzania from
2005 to 2011.
2012 Jun 19, Double amputee
Spencer West completed his ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania.
West (31) of Canada, lost the use of both legs at the age of five.
2012 Jun 19, Double amputee
Spencer West completed his ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania.
West (31) of Canada, lost the use of both legs at the age of five.
West and his two best friends, David Johnson and Alex Meers made the
ascent to raise money for Free the Children, an organization that
supplies drinking water to hundreds of people in Kenya.
2012 Jun 22, In Tanzania
bandits killed a Dutch tourist and the manager of a safari lodge in
Serengeti national park. Police soon arrested 5 people. On July 5
Daniel Musa, Marwa Machage and Ghati Wegesa were charged in
connection with the killings and robberies.
(AFP, 6/30/12)(AFP, 7/7/12)
2012 Jun 26, In Tanzania a
truck driver abandoned Ethiopian and Somali migrants after letting a
number of them suffocate to death inside his vehicle. He dumped 43
bodies and abandoned survivors.
2012 Jul 18, In Tanzania at
least 104 people died after a ferry capsized between Dar-es-Salaam
and Zanzibar. The MV Skagit was officially carrying 290 people when
the accident occurred. Emergency workers had rescued 146 people.
(AFP, 7/18/12)(AFP, 7/20/12)(AP, 7/21/12)(AFP,
2012 Jul 22, Tanzania police
said they have arrested 43 suspected members of an Islamist group
(UAMSHO) seeking greater independence for the country's Zanzibar
archipelago following a protest rally on July 20.
2012 Jul 25, Zanzibari
authorities charged three people with manslaughter for the sinking
of a ferry last week in which at least 104 people drowned, including
the ship's owner and captain.
2012 Jul 31, Malawi vowed to
press on with oil and gas exploration on Lake Malawi, dismissing a
demand by Tanzania, which claims half of the lake, to halt
prospecting. Mozambique also owns part of the lake.
2012 Aug 1, Tanzania called for
an amicable resolution to a dispute with Malawi over oil and gas
exploration in Lake Malawi.
2012 Aug 10, Zanzibar's Vice
President Seif Ali Iddi told the island's parliament the authorities
had investigated and confirmed "that 36 crude oil tankers and
container ships flying the Tanzania flag are indeed from Iran."
2012 Aug 13, Abdallah Kombo,
the director of the Zanzibar Maritime Authority (ZMA), said it was
"cheated" by its Dubai-based agent Philtex Corporation, which is
alleged to have reflagged the Iranian vessels. Maritime Transport
Minister Rashid Suleiman Seif said The government in Zanzibar, a
semi-autonomous part of Tanzania, will deregister Iranian oil
tankers flying its flag to dodge sanctions.
2012 Sep 3, Tanzania journalist
Daudi Mwangosi of Channel Ten TV was reported killed in a
confrontation with police who were clashing with rallying supporters
of the country's biggest opposition party.
2012 Oct 20, Hong Kong
officials said customs officers have confiscated 4 tons of ivory
valued at $3.4 million in containers shipped from Tanzania and
(SSFC, 10/21/12, p.A4)
2012 Anthony Sinclair authored
“Serengeti Story: Life and Science in the World’s Greatest Wildlife
(Econ, 12/1/12, p.88)
2013 Jan 15, Kenyan custom
officials in Mombasa seized 638 pieces of illegal elephant ivory
estimated to be worth $1.2 million. The ivory was in a container
destined for Indonesia. The tusks were said to be from Tanzania.
2013 Feb 4, In Tanzania the
appeals chamber of the Arusha-based tribunal overturned 30-year
sentences handed down to Justin Mugenzi and Prosper Mugiraneza, who
were both Cabinet ministers at the time of Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
The duo had been convicted to 30 years in September 2011 after being
found guilty of conspiracy to commit genocide and inciting the
public to commit genocide.
2013 Mar 29, In Tanzania at
least 18 people died after a 12-story building under construction
collapsed in Dar es Salaam. By April 1 the death toll was raised to
at least 30.
(AP, 3/30/13)(AP, 4/1/13)
2013 Mar, Chinese-led criminal
gangs conspired with corrupt Tanzanian officials to traffic huge
amounts of ivory, some of which was loaded in diplomatic bags on
Pres. Xi's plane during a presidential visit.
2013 Apr 5, Activists said
Tanzania's government is preparing to kick Maasai tribesmen off
their land near to allow a company from the United Arab Emirates to
use the land for hunting. Tanzania's Ministry of Natural Resources
and Tourism announced last week it is shrinking the size of the
Loliondo Game Controlled Areas.
2013 May 5, In Tanzania a bomb
thrown from a motorcycle on a Catholic church in Arusha left 2
people dead. 4 Saudi Arabian citizens were initially identified as
among the 6 people arrested. The UAE later said 3 of those arrested
were from the UAE.
(AP, 5/6/13)(AP, 5/8/13)
2013 May 10, A contingent of
about 100 Tanzanian troops began arriving in eastern Congo, a first
step in assembling the new UN intervention brigade. The rest of the
brigade will arrive in successive waves.
(AP, 5/11/13)(AP, 5/14/13)
2013 Jul 1, In Tanzania teeming
crowds and blaring horns welcomed President Barack Obama to Dar Es
Salaam as he arrived on the last leg of his three-country tour of
the African continent.
2013 Jul 2, In Tanzania
President Barack Obama and former President George W. Bush found
common ground, honoring the victims of a terrorist attack in an
unprecedented encounter a world away from home. The Obamas departed
Africa for home shortly after crossing paths with the Bushes, who
were hosting the summit promoting the role of African first ladies
in bringing change to their countries. During his visit Obama
announced his Power Africa plan to electrify the continent.
(AP, 7/2/13)(Econ, 1/9/16, p.42)
2013 Jul 5, Tanzania police
said they have arrested Iqbal Ahsan Ali, a British man, suspected of
involvement in unspecified "terrorism activities" in Britain.
2013 Jul 13, In Sudan’s western
region of Darfur seven Tanzanian peacekeepers were killed in an
ambush. 17 others were wounded.
2013 Aug 7, In Tanzania's
semi-autonomous Zanzibar region men riding a motorbike threw acid at
two British teenage girls (18) in leaving them with facial, chest
and back injuries. The girls had been volunteering at a local school
2013 Sep 12, A UN official said
at least 25,000 Burundian refugees living in Tanzania have been
forcibly repatriated over the past month, describing a "dramatic"
2013 Sep 17, Police in
Zanzibar, Tanzania, said they have arrested 15 people linked to
terror groups including some connected to a spate of acid attacks in
(SFC, 9/18/13, p.A6)
2013 Sep 27, Tanzania
authorities suspended the privately-owned Mwananchi and MTanzania
newspapers for 14 and 90 days respectively for publishing "hostile
articles aimed at inciting the people to lose confidence in state
institutions and thus endanger peace and national unity."
2013 Nov 1, Tanzania’s
parliament suspended an anti-poaching campaign, amid a surge of
killings of elephant and rhino, to allow investigation of reported
seizure of property, torture and killing of suspects.
2013 Nov 7, Tanzania's
opposition said a proposed tightening of the country's media law was
an "attack against the press" and demanded a complete overhaul of
existing legislation. Police said 6 people have been killed and
eight others wounded in days of clashes between farmers and herders
in the central Morogoro region.
2013 Nov 30, Five east African
countries signed a protocol to establish a monetary union, in a
first step towards creating a single currency. At a summit in
Kampala, leaders from Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda
inked the framework to set up a single market modelled after the
2013 Dec 6, The Norwegian oil
company Statoil announced the discovery of a major gas deposit with
its US partner ExxonMobil off the coast of Tanzania.
2013 Dec 20, Tanzanian
President Jakaya Kikwete sacked four ministers following accusations
of abuses committed by security forces during a huge operation
against wildlife poaching.
2013 Dec 29, A Tanzanian
official said the country has been hit by a sharp upsurge in
poaching, with at least 60 elephants killed in the two months since
the government was forced to halt a controversial crackdown.
2014 Jan 11, Tanzania said its
elephant population, beset by poaching for ivory, has plummeted by
two-thirds in the past three-and-a-half decades.
2014 Jan 12, In Tanzania
clashes broke out in the Embroi Murtangosi nature reserve in Manyara
province, when armed Masai herdsmen launched an attack on farmers.
At least 10 people were killed over the next few days.
2014 Jan 17, In Tanzania one
person was killed in clashes between police and thousands of
villagers who stormed a gold mine operated by a subsidiary of
Canadian mining giant Barrick Gold.
2014 Feb 11, In Tanzania the
UN-backed court for Rwanda acquitted on appeal former paramilitary
police chief Augustin Ndindiliyimana and ex-elite battalion
commander Francois-Xavier Nzuwonemeye of charges related to the 1994
2014 Jun 14, In Tanzania a bomb
explosion killed one person and wounded at least seven in front of a
mosque near Zanzibar's capital Stone Town.
2014 Jul 2, African nations
agreed to suspend military operations for six months against
Congo-based Rwandan rebels in order to give them more time to lay
down their arms. The suspension was announced after a meeting in
Angola of foreign ministers from a regional bloc including Angola,
Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, DRC, Kenya,
Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.
2014 Sep 5, In north-western
Tanzania at least 36 people were killed and dozens injured when two
passenger buses collided along a busy road.
2014 Oct 6, In Tanzania 7
people accused of witchcraft were burned alive in the village of
Murufiti. Police soon arrested 23 people in connection with the
2014 Oct 8, A court in Tanzania
granted bail to an opposition member of parliament and eight others
after charging them with illegal protests for demonstrating last
week against a draft constitution.
2014 Oct 14, In Tanzania 2
women were hacked to death by men who accused them of casting spells
that made them sexually impotent in the village of Ihugi, Shinyanga
2014 Oct 19, Tanzanian police
shot dead Yahaya Omari (31) as he tried to escape while being
transferred to Dodoma. He was suspected of carrying out bomb attacks
in the tourist town of Arusha, including targeting a church and
2014 Nov 16, Tanzanian
officials said parliament has received a report on the findings of
an investigation into corruption allegations in the energy sector
and will present its findings to parliament on November 26.
2014 Dec 22, Kenyan police
arrested Feisal Mohammed Ali, an alleged ivory trafficker, at a
rental house in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. On Dec 24 a Kenyan court
charged him with smuggling tusks.
(AP, 12/23/14)(AFP, 12/24/14)
2015 Jan 1, In Tanzania six
lions were killed overnight by angry Maasai herders following an
attack on livestock.
2015 Jan 12, Hundreds of
Tanzanian schoolgirls returned home after spending three months
hiding in safe houses to escape genital mutilation.
2015 Jan 13, Tanzania banned
witchdoctors to try and stem a surge in murders of albinos, whose
body parts are sold for witchcraft. The ban does not cover
traditional healers who use herbs to help the sick.
2015 Jan 13, The cash-strapped
Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA), which is owned by the
governments of the two countries and has been struggling for more
than a decade, shut down all train operations after workers downed
tools to demand five months unpaid salaries.
2015 Jan 28, In Tanzania
Ibrahim Lipumba, chairman of the opposition Civic United Front
(CUF), was charged with holding political rallies without a permit,
prompting fellow lawmakers to storm out of parliament in protest.
Lipumba pleaded not guilty in a court in Dar es Salaam, a day after
he and some 30 supporters were arrested.
2015 Feb 18, Tanzanian police
said they have found the mutilated body of a one-year-old albino boy
An armed gang had snatched Yohana Bahati from his mother at their
home in northwestern Tanzania's Geita region on Feb 15. His
abduction renewed calls for tougher action to stop the killing of
albinos for their body parts, prized in black magic.
2015 Mar 3, In Tanzania flash
floods killed at least 38 people in the north-west after strong
winds and hail battered villages.
2015 Mar 5, A court in Tanzania
sentenced four people to death for the murder of an albino woman who
was killed so her hacked-off limbs could be used in magic. The
killers included Charles Nassoro, the husband of the murdered woman.
2015 Mar 11, In central
Tanzania at least 41 people were killed and 23 seriously injured in
a collision between a bus and a truck near Changarawe.
(AFP, 3/11/15)(SFC, 3/12/15, p.A2)
2015 Mar 12, Tanzania police
said they had arrested 225 unlicensed traditional healers and
soothsayers as part of a nationwide crackdown on witchdoctors linked
to a wave of albino attacks and murders.
2015 Apr 14, Tanzania's
security forces arrested 10 suspected members of the al Qaeda-linked
Somali militant group al Shabaab, seizing explosives and military
uniforms hidden at a mosque in a region east of Dar es Salaam.
2015 Apr 17, In southern
Tanzania at least 19 people were killed after a minibus they were
traveling in plunged into a river in Mbeya.
2015 Apr 17, In Tanzania at
least 19 gold miners were killed when the pit they were working in
collapsed in the northwestern Msalala district.
2015 Apr 22, In Tanzania the
UN-backed international tribunal trying Rwanda's worst genocide
cases ended its final hearing after more than two decades of work.
2015 May 21, The WHO said a
cholera outbreak has killed at least 30 people in a Tanzanian
refugee camp for Burundians.
2015 May 22, The UN refugee
agency said an outbreak of cholera has infected 3,000 people in a
Tanzanian border region where refugees from Burundi have massed.
UNHCR said 300 to 400 new cases are being reported daily.
2015 May 31, In Tanzania
African leaders began talks in their second summit in a month aimed
at restoring peace in Burundi.
2015 Jun 1, In Tanzania
elephant census figures showed a "catastrophic decline" of around 60
percent over the last five years.
2015 Jun 17, Tanzanian police
said they have arrested a man (44) accused of trying to sell his
albino niece to undercover security officials posing at witch
doctors as part of a nationwide crackdown on the illegal trade in
albino body parts used in black magic.
2015 Jun 18, A Tanzanian
government minister described elephant poaching on as a national
disaster, and urged China to curb its appetite for ivory.
2015 Jun 25, A Tanzanian court
ordered Islamist rebel leader Jamil Mukulu to be extradited to
Uganda to face murder charges. He was described as the head of the
Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), an organization blamed for a string
of attacks in western Uganda and the capital Kampala that killed
1,000 people between 1998 and 2000. Mukulu said he would appeal.
2015 Jul 6, Customs officials
at Zurich airport seized 262 kg (578 pounds) of ivory that three
Chinese men had dispatched from Tanzania, contraband that may have
come from up to 50 elephants. The tusks had been sawed into 172
pieces to fit into luggage.
2015 Jul 10, Tanzania
extradited Jamil Mukulu to Uganda to face multiple counts of murder
stemming from his alleged role as leader of the Congo-based Allied
Democratic Forces, an Islamic militant group that regularly attacks
civilians in eastern Congo.
(SFC, 7/11/15, p.A2)
2015 Jul 12, Tanzania's ruling
party anointed government minister John Magufuli as its candidate
for presidential elections due to be held in October.
2015 Aug 20, Tanzania said it
has suspended about a quarter of its recruitment agencies in a bid
to crackdown on human trafficking after complaints that girls sent
as domestic servants to the Middle East were used as sex slaves and
forced to work without pay.
2015 Oct 5, In Tanzania a group
of around 20 miners were in a pit when a shaft they were working on
collapsed. 14 escaped as the shaft collapsed leaving six trapped.
One man died over the 41 days. Five men were rescued on Nov 15.
2015 Oct 7, In Tanzania Yang
Feng Clan (66), a Chinese woman, was charged in Dar es Salaam
alongside two Tanzanians with smuggling 1.9 tons of ivory between
Jan. 1, 2000 and May 22, 2014.
2015 Oct 21, in Tanzania
attackers overnight tried to hack the genitals off a man with
albinism. Presidential and parliamentary polls due Oct 25 have been
marked by fears of a spike in albino murders, with rights groups
warning that some politicians may also be seeking lucky charms or
2015 Oct 25, Tanzania and
Zanzibar held general elections. Ruling party candidate, Works
Minister John Magufuli (55), battled former PM Edward Lowassa (62),
who defected to the opposition earlier this year after being
rejected as the ruling party's candidate. On Oct 29 the National
Electoral Commission said John Magufuli won the presidential
elections with over 58 percent of votes, but the opposition said the
vote was rigged and also claimed victory.
(AP, 10/2515)(AFP, 10/29/15)
2015 Oct 26, In Zanzibar Maalim
Seif Hamad of the Civic United Front party announced he had won the
Zanzibar presidential election, saying he had ousted his rival, Ali
Mohamed Shein of Tanzania's ruling party. Although part of Tanzania,
Zanzibar is run by a semi-autonomous government with its own
2015 Oct 28, Tanzania's
opposition presidential candidate Edward Lowassa called for a
recount of the Oct 25 election for the presidency, citing voting
irregularities in the East African nation's tightest elections in
more than five decades. Earlier, the vote in Tanzania's
semi-autonomous Zanzibar archipelago was annulled after the election
commission there cited gross violations.
2015 Oct 31, In Zanzibar two
small blasts rocked streets but caused no casualties, in the latest
unrest following the annulment of polls on the semi-autonomous
2015 Nov 5, Tanzania's new
president John Magufuli was sworn in, promising to unite the country
after a contested vote, create more jobs and drive up economic
2015 Nov 15, Five Tanzanian
gold miners were rescued after spending 41 days trapped deep
underground eating cockroaches and frogs to survive. One of the
miners died during the incarceration underground following the Oct 5
2015 Nov 24, A Tanzanian court
charged four Chinese nationals for smuggling rhino horns.
2015 Dec 3, It was reported
that three Tanzanian universities are offering a new course on
female genital mutilation (FGM) to train health care professionals
how to deal with victims of the harmful practice that is still
widespread although illegal.
2015 Dec 17, Tanzania sentenced
four Chinese men to 20 years in jail each after they were convicted
of smuggling rhino horns.
2015 Dec 21, The Central Bank
of Cyprus revoked the operating license for the local branch of
Tanzania's FBME Bank Ltd. In July the US Financial Crimes
Enforcement Network, or FinCen, concluded that FBME was used by
customers involved in money laundering, fraud and terrorist
2015 Dec 22, Tanzanian
authorities said they have seized tusks from about 45 elephants and
arrested two suspects at their home in Dar es Salaam.
2016 Jan 25, Tanzanian
President John Magufuli suspended the head of a national electronic
identification-card project and four other officials, opening the
way for a corruption investigation into a public procurement
2016 Jan 29, In Tanzania
British pilot Roger Gower was tracking poachers in the Maswa Game
Reserve when his helicopter was hit by an AK-47 rifle fired from the
ground. Gower was killed in the crash. A second person traveling in
the helicopter survived the crash. On Feb 11, 2016, Shija Mjika
(38), Njile Gunga (28,) Dotto Pangali (42), and Moses Mandago (28)
were jailed for 20 years for possessing firearms. They still faced
(Reuters, 1/31/16)(AFP, 2/12/16)
2016 Mar 2, Former Tanzanian
president Benjamin Mkapa was named as the new mediator for talks to
end a nearly year-long crisis in neighboring Burundi by the regional
East African Community (EAC).
2016 Mar 20, Elections were
held in Zanzibar with security tight and an opposition boycott in
place for the re-run of October's polls in Tanzania's
semi-autonomous islands, cancelled due to fraud allegations.
President Ali Mohamed Shein of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party was
re-elected with more than 91 percent of the votes. America suspended
$472 million in aid over the election re-run.
(AFP, 3/20/16)(AP, 3/21/16)(Econ, 10/8/16, p.45)
2016 Mar 22, Tanzanian
authorities said they have launched a national audit to find "ghost
workers" and remove them from civil service payrolls under a
corruption crackdown ordered by the president.
2016 Mar 28, Dubai-based Dodsal
Group said it has discovered 2.7 trillion cubic feet of gas deposits
in Tanzania's Ruvu Basin Coast Region valued at around $8 billion.
2016 Apr 1, The UN peacekeeping
mission in Democratic Republic of Congo said that it has received
allegations of sexual abuse against Tanzanian peacekeepers based in
2016 Apr 18, Edward Loure, a
native of Tanzania’s Maasai community, was one of six winners of
this year's Goldman Environmental Prize. He was credited with
preventing the government from stripping land from the country’s
(SFC, 4/18/16, p.C2)
2016 Apr 23, Landlocked Uganda
announced plans to export its future crude oil production via a new
pipeline to be built to a Tanzanian port rather than via Kenya.
2016 Apr 27, A Zanzibar health
official said a cholera outbreak on the island archipelago has
killed at least 45 people since March and that 3,000 people have
been hospitalized with the disease.
2016 Jun 28, British
researchers reported a huge helium gas field in Tanzania amid a
global shortage for the gas.
(SFC, 6/29/16, p.A2)
2016 Jul 8, Tanzania's High
Court raising the legal age of marriage for girls to 18 and ruled
that two sections of the 1971 Marriage Act, that allow girls to
marry at 15 with parental consent and 14 with the permission of a
court, are unconstitutional.
2016 Jul 10, In Tanzania
visiting Indian PM Narendra Modi and President John Pombe Magufuli
signed five agreements, including one to provide credit $92 million
to improve water accessibility on the island of Zanzibar.
2016 Jul 19, The Tanzanian
government admitted that it has banned imports and sales of sexual
lubricants in its latest move targeting the gay community. It
estimated that 23 percent of men who have sex with men in Tanzania
are living with HIV/AIDS.
2016 Jul 28, The UN Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO) said some 23 million farmers in
drought-hit Southern Africa need urgent help to prepare for the next
planting season with only a few weeks left before it begins. It said
Botswana, Swaziland, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe have
reported more than 640,000 drought-related livestock deaths. Farmers
and cattle herders in 10 countries have requested assistance:
Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa,
Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
2016 Nov 7, Tanzania signed a
memorandum of understanding with Switzerland to help the East
African country recover money illegally kept in Swiss banks by
2016 Dec 13, Tanzania's
president, John Magufuli, vowed to root out corruption in his ruling
party, threatening "no mercy" for anyone giving or taking bribes.
2016 Dec 13, Tanzania arrested
Maxence Melo Mubyazi, the co-founder of a website where people can
post comments on officials they believe are corrupt. On Dec 16
Mubyazi was charged with offences including obstructing a police
2016 Tanzania’s population was
about 50 million.
(Econ, 1/9/16, p.42)
2017 Jan 10, In Tanzania at
least 12 people drowned when a boat capsized near a coastal town. At
least 27 others were rescued.
2017 Jan 23, In Tanzania
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan asked Pres. John Magufuli to
take action against the network of an exiled cleric he blames for
last year's failed coup.
2017 Jan 26, In northeastern
Tanzania a massive mound of earth collapsed early today at a
Chinese-owned gold mine in Nyarugusu village, burying at least 13
workers, including a Chinese national.
2017 Feb 6, Tanzania’s
President John Magufuli told security forces to crack down on the
drugs trade and said no one should be spared, even if they are top
politicians or their relatives.
2017 Feb 7, Tanzania’s deputy
minister of health said he has ordered the arrest of three men
accused of promoting homosexuality.
(SFC, 2/8/17, p.A2)
2017 Feb 13, A Tanzanian court
sentenced a married couple to 20 years in jail each for illegal
possession of 210 pieces of ivory from 93 poached elephants. Peter
and Leonida Loi Kabi had pleaded not guilty.
2017 Mar 3, Tanzanian President
John Magufuli ordered the confiscation of passports belonging to
foreign employees of an Indian infrastructure company. The 29
billion shilling ($13 million) water project in the southern town of
Lindi was expected to be finished in March 2015 but was still
2017 Mar 17, In Tanzania Dar es
Salaam regional commissioner Paul Makonda stormed into the offices
of the Clouds FM Media Group with six armed men to demand the airing
of a muckraking video aimed at undermining a popular local pastor
with whom Makonda has a dispute.
2017 Mar 23, Tanzania's
information Minister Nape Nnauye was fired after he criticized an
ally of Pres. John Magufuli who had stormed into a television
station on March 17 accompanied by armed men.
2017 Mar 24, Tanzania's
President John Magufuli warned the country's journalists that there
were limits to their press freedom.
2017 Mar, Tanzania’s Pres. John
Magufuli imposed a ban on the export of gold and copper
(Econ 6/17/17, p.61)
2017 Apr 12, A Tanzanian court
approved the extradition to the US of Ali Khatib Haji Hassan, the
alleged leader of a global drug trafficking ring.
(SFC, 4/13/17, p.A2)
2017 Apr 28, Tanzanian
President John Magufuli ordered the immediate dismissal of more than
9,900 civil servants after a nationwide verification of academic
credentials uncovered workers with forged school and college
2017 May 6, In northern
Tanzania 35 people were killed, most of them young children, after a
bus carrying students lost control and crashed near the Mlera river
in Meatu district.
(AP, 5/6/17)(AP, 5/7/17)
2017 May 27, Tanzanian police
said that they had arrested two morgue employees in Dar es Salaam
after they admitted to cutting open a dead man's corpse a week ago
and stealing the drugs hidden in his stomach.
2017 Jun 14, Tanzania said it
has agreed to negotiations with Canadian mining giant Barrick Gold
which it accuses of operating illegally and evading taxes.
2017 Jun 16, Tanzania’s
interior ministry said the weekly, Mawio, has been ordered to
suspend publication for two years after pointing the finger at two
former presidents in connection with huge revenue losses.
2017 Jul 4, Tanzanian
authorities ordered the detention of Halima Mdee, a female lawmaker
from the main opposition CHADEMA party, for insulting President John
Magufuli, days after the president ordered officials to take action
2017 Jul 20, Tanzanian
opposition number two Tundu Lissu was arrested, three days after
having called President John Magufuli a "dictator".
2017 Aug 16, In Tanzania Wayne
Lotter, the South African co-founder of the Protected Areas
management Solutions (PAMS), a conservation group for the protection
of elephants, was shot and killed in the Masa-ki district of Dar es
(SFC, 3/18/17, p.A2)(Econ, 9/2/17, p.78)
2017 Aug 27, The UN World Food
Program (WFP) says it has reduced food rations for 320,000 refugees
living in northwest Tanzania as a result of funding shortfalls.
2017 Sep 7, In Tanzania
opposition lawmaker Tundu Lissu, a fierce critic of President John
Magufuli's government, was seriously wounded in a gun attack. Tundu
Lissu was sprayed with 16 bullets by unknown gunmen. He moved to
Belgium and underwent more than 20 medical operations before
returning home in 2020.
(Reuters, 9/7/17)(AP, 7/27/20)
2017 Sep 16, Police in
Tanzania’s autonomous region of Zanzibar said 20 people have been
detained for engaging in gay and lesbian activities. 12 men and 8
women were arrested following a police raid on a hotel where the
suspects were attending a workshop.
(SSFC, 9/17/17 p.A3)
2017 Oct 19, Tanzanian police
said they are holding 12 men, including two South Africans, for
questioning over allegations of promoting homosexuality.
Homosexuality is criminalized in Tanzania under a colonial-era law.
2017 Oct 21, The Tanzanian
government said it had suspended the Community Health Education
Services and Advocacy center (CHESA). The NGO stands accused of
organizing a workshop on Oct 17 for gay couples in a hotel in Dar es
2017 Oct 27, Tanzania deported
three South African lawyers arrested last week for "promoting
homosexuality". They were amongst a group of 13 people, including a
Ugandan and Tanzanians, who were arrested Oct. 24 at the Peacock
hotel in Dar es Salaam.
2017 Oct, Tanzania seized and
auctioned off 1,300 cattle which had wandered across the border from
Kenya to graze in a region where herders typically pay little heed
2017 Nov 14, Tanzania offered a
reward of 10 million shillings ($4,500) for the arrest of a former
chief accountant of its anti-graft watchdog, part of a new drive to
root out corruption. Former chief accountant, Godfrey Gugai, was on
the run after his assets were frozen in May as part of a graft
2017 Dec 2, Tanzania police
confirmed that they have arrested a woman in Geita after a video
clip showing her kissing and embracing another woman at a party was
widely shared online. Homosexuality is a criminal offense in
Tanzania. Three more people were soon arrested over the video clip.
(Reuters, 12/2/17)(SFC, 12/9/17, p.A2)
2017 Dec 7, In Congo DRC an
attack in North Kivu province targeted a base of the UN's MONUSCO
force, killing at least 14 UN peacekeepers from Tanzania. Five
Congolese soldiers and a further 53 personnel were also injured in
the worst single attack against a UN mission in recent history.
(AP, 12/7/17)(AFP, 12/9/17)(AFP, 12/15/17)
2018 Jan 23, Tanzanian
authorities said they arrested five schoolgirls last week, and then
released them on bail, so they can help with information on the men
who impregnated them.
(SFC, 1/24/18, p.A2)
2018 Feb 10, Tanzania laid
waste to eight hectares of cannabis at the Meru forest reserve in
Arusha province following another six acres earlier in the week in
an operation overseen by Interior Minister Mwigulu Nchemba.
2018 Feb 11, Tanzania's
Catholic church accused the government of President John Magufuli of
violating democratic norms by limiting freedom of expression.
2018 Feb 16, In Tanzania a
first-year university student killed by a bullet while on a bus the
day before a fiercely contested parliamentary by-election in the
Kinondoni constituency of Dar es Salaam. Witnesses said police used
tear gas and fired live ammunition in an attempt to stop hundreds of
Chadema party members from marching towards a local Electoral
2018 Mar 24, In Tanzania a
truck and a minibus collided killing at least 26 people in Mkuranga.
The dead included 12 women and 7 children.
(SFC, 3/26/18, p.A2)
2018 Mar 27, Tanzania charged
six opposition leaders with sedition and incitement to violence, a
move branded by critics of the government as an effort to silence
2018 Apr 16, Tanzanian
authorities reported that at least nine people have died in Dar es
Salaam after three days of heavy rains flooded homes and roads.
2018 Apr 16, Tanzania briefly
detained two musicians, including one of the country's most popular
singers, after they posted video clips deemed obscene by the
authorities, in the latest crackdown on social media users.
2018 Apr 26, Tanzanians largely
ignored a call by US-based activist Mange Kimambi to stage
nationwide protests against President John Magufuli's government.
Nine demonstrators marched in Dar es Salaam and were quickly
arrested. The main opposition party, CHADEMA, said several of its
leaders were arrested by the police in various parts of the country
on allegations of inciting Tanzanians to take to the streets.
2018 Apr 30, The Swiss-based
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) said three
quarters of freshwater species endemic to East Africa's Lake
Victoria basin face the threat of extinction, warning the
biodiversity there was being "decimated." The lake stretches into
Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and its catchment also touches Burundi
2018 May 3, In Kenya eight
people were swept off a bridge in a flashflood outside the capital.
120 people have died over the last two months following weeks of
torrential rain. Rwanda officials said 116 people had died and 207
had been injured in flooding and landslides since January.
Torrential rains have also hit Tanzania, where 14 people died in
April, as well as Uganda where flash floods have destroyed homes and
left at least three dead.
2018 Aug 18, Tanzania's ruling
party (CCM) said Tanzania is an "independent" country and will not
be "intimidated", after the US expressed concern about the conduct
of 70 recent by-elections.
2018 Sep 20, in Tanzania the
ferry MV Nyerere, carrying more than 300 people, capsized just a few
meters from the dock on Ukerewe, Lake Victoria's biggest island. At
least 136 bodies were retrieved after the ferry sank.
2018 Sep 22, In Tanzania a
survivor was found inside a capsized ferry two days after the
disaster on Lake Victoria, while coffins arrived for at least 209
victims and counting.
2018 Sep 23, In Tanzania
burials started of the 224 people who died when a ferry capsized on
Lake Victoria. No one is sure how many people were on the
overcrowded ferry, which officials said had a capacity of 101.
2018 Oct 11, In Tanzania
Mohammed Dewji (43), Africa's youngest billionaire, was snatched as
he entered the gym of a hotel in Dar es Salaam. Dewji heads the MeTL
Group which operates in about 10 countries with interests in
agriculture to insurance, transport, logistics and the food
2018 Oct 20, In Tanzania
Mohammed Dewji (43), the CEO of the METL Group family conglomerate,
returned home unharmed after being released by his kidnappers.
2018 Oct 20, Tanzanian
officials said police have arrested 104 suspected militants over the
last few months planning to establish bases in neighboring
Mozambique, where scores of people have been killed in Islamist
attacks over the last year.
2018 Oct 31, In Tanzania Dar es
Salaam's administrative chief Paul Makonda said that a special
committee would seek to identify and punish homosexuals, prostitutes
and online fraudsters in the city from this week.
2018 Nov 8, Tanzania released
two staff members of the New York-based Committee to Protect
Journalists (CPJ), a day after they were detained and their
2018 Nov 9, Tanzanian
authorities carried out physical examinations on 10 men suspected of
homosexual activity in Zanzibar. The men were arrested last week on
suspicion of celebrating a gay marriage at a resort hotel.
2018 Nov 15, Denmark said it is
cutting about $10 million in aid to the government of Tanzania over
what it called "negative developments" in human rights in the East
2019 Jan 30, Tanzania's home
affairs minister said a manhunt has been launched for suspects in
the abduction and murder of up to 10 children this month in cases
believed to be linked to witchcraft. Local media this week reported
at least four dead bodies of missing children had been found
abandoned near bushes with missing body parts, believed to be used
2019 Feb 19, A Tanzanian court
sentenced Yang Feng Glan (69) of China to 15 years in jail for her
role in trafficking tusks from more than 400 elephants. Two
Tanzanian men were also found guilty for their role in the illegal
commerce. They were also sentenced to 15 years each.
(AFP, 2/19/19)(Reuters, 2/19/19)
2019 Mar 15, Freeman Mbowe, the
head of Tanzania's main opposition party, condemned what he
described as a climate of fear installed by a "police state" after
he was held in prison for more than three months.
2019 Apr 23, In northern
Tanzania a landslide triggered by rains killed at least three people
at a mine in Arusha and left several people injured.
2019 Apr 28, Tanzanian albinos
said they were living in fear of their lives after the remains of an
albino were exhumed in what they said was a "bestial" and "barbaric"
2019 May 8, Tanzanian
opposition activist Mdude Nyagali was found late today beaten and
unconscious at a village in the country's southern highlands five
days after unidentified people abducted him, stoking new fears of an
2019 Jun, In Tanzania Tundu
Lissu, who survived an assassination attempt in September 2017 when
he was shot 16 times by unknown gunmen, was dismissed from
parliament over absenteeism and ethical issues. Lissu was initially
treated for his wounds in Kenya but since January 2018 has been
recuperating in Belgium.
2019 Jul 2, A coalition of East
African citizen groups announced they were suing Uganda and Rwanda
in the East African Court of Justice for financial losses resulting
from a border dispute between the feuding nations. The court, in the
northern Tanzanian town of Arusha, was set up to rule on matters of
the East African Community (EAC).
2019 Jul 26, Tanzania's
president inaugurated a huge hydroelectric dam project in the
country's largest wildlife reserve and UNESCO World Heritage Site,
calling it the start of "economic liberation." Some wildlife groups
have expressed dismay over the $2.9 billion Stiegler's Gorge project
in the Selous Game Reserve, which the United Nations calls one of
Africa's largest protected areas.
2019 Jul 29, Tanzanian police
arrested prominent investigative journalist Erick Kabendera and were
looking into his citizenship in another case triggering concern over
press freedom under President John Magufuli's rule.
(Reuters, 7/30/19)(Econ, 8/3/19, p.40)
2019 Aug 10, In eastern
Tanzania a damaged tanker truck exploded as people were trying to
siphon fuel out of it, killing at least 62 in one of the worst
incidents of its kind in the country.
2019 Aug 23, South African
authorities impounded an Airbus 220-300 aircraft leased by
Tanzania's national flag carrier.
2019 Aug 27, Tanzanian
authorities said they had reached an agreement with Burundi to send
all Burundian refugees back home from October 1. The UN refugee
agency urged the two governments not to forcibly repatriate
Burundian refugees sheltering in Tanzania.
2019 Aug 29, It was reported
that Tanzania's National Bank of Commerce Ltd has been fined 1
billion Tanzanian shillings ($435,000) for failure to establish a
data center in the East African nation, the second bank in two
months to be penalized for such a breach by the central bank.
2019 Sep 5, Tanzania's national
carrier suspended its flights from the commercial capital Dar es
Salaam to Johannesburg, citing ongoing violence that was a risk to
2019 Sep 21, The World Health
Organization issued an unusual statement raising questions about
whether Tanzania is covering up possible cases of the deadly Ebola
(The Telegraph, 9/22/19)
2019 Nov 12, In Tanzania
unknown gunmen killed six farmers on an island in the Ruvuma River
near the southern border with Mozambique, amid growing concerns over
Islamist militants in a poor region where foreign companies are
developing gas deposits.
2019 Nov 23, Tanzania's
government said it has summoned Canada's envoy to protest after a
DHC Dash 8-400 turboprop, set to be delivered to state-owned Air
Tanzania, was impounded earlier this week in a land compensation
dispute. A retired Tanzanian farmer claimed compensation over what
he says was the expropriation of his land several decades ago.
2019 Dec 4, It was reported
that the United Nations human rights office is urging Tanzania to
reconsider its decision barring individuals and non-governmental
groups from filing cases against it at the African Court on Human
and People’s Rights. The continental court is based in the East
2020 Jan 29, Tanzania’s
national carrier said it will have to postpone its maiden flights
from commercial capital Dar es Salaam to China, citing concerns over
the spread of a coronavirus that has killed 133 people.
2020 Jan 31, The Trump
administration announced that it was restricting immigrants from six
additional countries that officials said failed to meet minimum
security standards, as part of an election-year push to further
clamp down immigration. Immigrants from Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar,
Eritrea, Nigeria, Sudan and Tanzania will face new restrictions in
obtaining certain visas to come to the United States.
2020 Feb 1, In Tanzania twenty
people died and a dozen others were injured in a stampede during a
church meeting in the northern city of Moshi.
2020 Feb 24, Prominent
Tanzanian journalist Erick Kabendera, arrested in July, was released
after pleading guilty of tax evasion and money laundering in a case
critics had said was politically motivated.
2020 Mar 16, Benin, Liberia,
Somalia and Tanzania became the latest African countries to report
cases of coronavirus.
2020 Apr 13, The UN said swarms
of locusts in Ethiopia have damaged 200,000 hectares (half a million
acres) of cropland and driven around a million people to require
emergency food aid. Billions of desert locusts have already chomped
their way through much of East Africa, including Ethiopia, Somalia,
Kenya, Djibouti, Eritrea, Tanzania, Sudan, South Sudan and Uganda.
2020 Apr 29, Tanzania reported
509 coronavirus cases and 21 deaths. At this point the government
stopped releasing data. The US embassy in Tanzania later warned that
there is a risk of "exponential growth" of Covid-19 cases in the
2020 May 3, Tanzania's
President John Magufuli said coronavirus test kits used in the
country were faulty, because he said they had returned positive
results on samples taken from a goat and a pawpaw. Tanzania had
recorded 480 cases of COVID-19 and 17 deaths. Magufuli said he will
send a plane to Madagascar to import a herbal tonic, produced from
the artemisia plant, which has been touted as a cure for coronavirus
by the country's president. The drink was launched as Covid-Organics
and was being marketed after being tested on fewer than 20 people
over a period of three weeks. Congo-Brazzaville's president has also
promised to import the drink.
(Reuters, 5/3/20)(BBC, 5/3/20)
2020 May 3, The Tanzanian
health ministry said there would be no more night burials and that
from now on, family members would be fully involved in funeral
preparations to ensure that the dignity of the deceased is
2020 May 7, Tanzania stopped
reporting on COVID-19 as its count reached 509 cases and 21 deaths.
(Econ., 7/25/20, p.33)
2020 May 16, Kenya's President
Uhuru Kenyatta ordered a cessation of movement between the country
and neighboring Tanzania and Somalia to help curb the spread of the
novel coronavirus. He exempted cargo trucks but said drivers would
have to be tested for the disease.
2020 May 17, Tanzania's Pres.
John Magufuli said there has been a "sharp decline" in the number of
coronavirus patients in the country's hospitals. Tanzania has had
509 recorded coronavirus cases and 21 deaths according to data from
the African Union's Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
2020 May 21, The World Bank
announced a $500 million program for East African countries affected
by historic desert locust swarms. The affected countries included
Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti, Eritrea, Tanzania, Sudan, South
Sudan and Uganda.
(SFC, 5/22/20, p.A6)
2020 May, Tanzania's high court
declared that it was unconstitutional to deny people bail
automatically. On August 5 the country's Court of Appeal overturned
(Econ., 8/15/20, p.44)
2020 May, In Kenya more than
100 people arriving from Tanzania tested positive for coronavirus
and were sent back. At Ugandan border testing points, at least 15
Tanzanian lorry drivers tested positive. The authorities in Tanzania
have not released official figures on the extent of the outbreak
there since the start of May.
2020 Jun 7, Tanzania's
President John Magufuli declared the country "coronavirus-free"
thanks to prayers by citizens. Mr Magufuli said last week that only
four patients were receiving treatment in the largest city, Dar es
2020 Jun 16, Tanzania's PM
Kassim Majaliwa reported 66 active coronavirus cases, releasing data
for the first time since April when Pres. John Magufuli questioned
the reliability of the figures.
2020 Jun 23, Tanzania
authorities arrested Zitto Kabwe (b.1976), an opposition MP, for
holding an unlawful assembly. He was released the following day.
Kabwe had been arrested before for questioning GDP numbers.
2020 Jun 24, A small-scale
miner in Tanzania became an overnight millionaire after selling two
rough Tanzanite stones - the biggest ever find in the country.
Saniniu Laizer earned £2.4m ($3.4m) from the country's mining
ministry for the gemstones, which had a combined weight of 15kg (33
lb). Tanzanite, one of the rarest gemstones on Earth, is only found
in northern Tanzania and is used to make ornaments.
2020 Aug 3, A Tanzanian
small-scale miner, who became an overnight millionaire in June for
selling two rough Tanzanite stones valued at $3.4m (Â£2.6m), has
sold another gem for $2m. The third discovery by Saniniu Laizer
weighed 6.3kg (14lb).
2020 Sep 13, Tanzania and
Uganda signed an agreement allowing for the construction of a 1,445
km (898 miles) crude oil pipeline.
2020 Sep 30, It was reported
that France's top appeals court has agreed to extradite the alleged
financier of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, Félicien Kabuga, to face
trial in Tanzania.
2020 Oct 11, In Tanzania a fire
started in the Whona area of Mt. Kilimanjaro. Days later the fire
had burned 28 square km (11 square miles) of vegetation and is very
active in an area known as Kifunika Hill.
2020 Oct 12, Amnesty
International said Tanzanian authorities have intensified repression
to muzzle the opposition, civil society and the news media ahead of
elections on October 28, where the incumbent President John Magufuli
is seeking a second term.
2020 Oct 22, Tanzania’s
government acknowledged an attack last week inside the country by
Islamic extremists based in neighboring Mozambique. Some 300
attackers were involved in the assault on Kitaya, a riverside border
village in the Mtwara region.
2020 Oct 26, Tanzania's police
arrested 42 people in connection with violence on Pemba island, part
of Tanzania's Zanzibar Archipelago. Police reportedly shot dead at
least nine citizens amid unrest over alleged fraud ahead of the
country’s presidential election.
(BBC, 10/27/20)(AP, 10/27/20)
2020 Oct 27, Zanzibar's main
opposition leader Maalim Seif Sharif was arrested a day before local
and national elections.
2020 Oct 28, Tanzania held
elections. The main opposition leader said there has been
"shameless" widespread vote rigging in the elections. Results were
expected within a week.
2020 Oct 29, Tundu Lissu,
Tanzania's main opposition presidential candidate, rejected the Oct.
28 presidential vote after alleging widespread irregularities.
2020 Oct 30, Tanzania's
electoral commission said populist President John Magufuli has 83%
of votes with 60% of ballots counted.
2020 Oct 31, Tanzania's two
main opposition parties demanded fresh elections, after denouncing
last week's presidential vote as fraudulent.
2020 Nov 2, Police in Tanzania
arrested Freeman Mbowe, the chairman of the main opposition party in
the wake of a disputed election. Mbowe was detained overnight, along
with two other Chadema leaders, for allegedly planning violent
2020 Nov 3, Police in Tanzania
arrested opposition leader Zitto Kabwe.
(Econ., 11/7/20, p.42)
2020 Dec 6, The main opposition
party in Tanzania's semiautonomous Zanzibar archipelago announced it
will join a coalition government with the islands' ruling party,
after a disputed poll in October in which some of its supporters
were allegedly killed and its leaders arrested.
2020 Tanzania registered only
about one in eight births.
(Econ., 5/9/20, p.34)
2021 Jan 19, The US said it has
placed visa restrictions on unnamed Tanzanian officials who it says
were “responsible or complicit in undermining" the country’s
election last year.
2021 Jan 27, Tanzania's
President John Magufuli said that no lockdown was planned because
God would protect people from COVID-19 while homespun precautions
such as steam inhalation were better than vaccines. WHO data showed
that Tanzania has officially reported a total number of 509 COVID-19
infections and 21 deaths, but the figures have not been updated for
more than six months.
2021 Feb 17, Seif Sharif Hamad
(77), the vice-president of Tanzania's semi-autonomous islands of
Zanzibar, died, nearly three weeks after his party said he had
2021 Feb 21, Tanzania's
President John Magufuli encouraged people to wear masks to avoid
infection as the World Health Organization urged Tanzania to start
reporting coronavirus cases and share its data.
2021 Feb 26, The United States
praised Tanzania for finally acknowledging the resurgence of
COVID-19 after claiming for months it had defeated the pandemic
through prayer. But the US urged the country to share infection data
and accept vaccines.
2021 Mar 10, It was reported
that John Magufuli, Tanzania's COVID-19-denying president, has not
been seen since Feb. 27. Kenya’s leading newspaper, The Nation,
reported that an African leader had been admitted to a hospital in
2021 Mar 13, Tanzanian police
said a man has been arrested for circulating posts saying that
President John Magufuli is in ill health. PM Hassan Majaliwa has
denied that Magufuli is unwell or battling COVID-19.
2021 Mar 17, Tanzania's Pres.
John Magufuli (61) died from reported heart complications at a
hospital in Dar es Salaam. Vice-President Samia Suluhu Hassan (61)
will be sworn in as the new president within 24 hours and should
serve the remainder of Mr Magufuli's five-year term which he began
2021 Mar 19, Samia Suluhu
Hassan made history when she was sworn in as Tanzania’s first female
president after the death of her controversial predecessor, John
Magufuli, who denied that COVID-19 is a problem in the East African
2021 Mar 21, In Tanzania a
woman and four children died after a stampede as people mourned
former President John Magufuli. 45 people died in the stampede
during a public viewing of the body of Magufuli.
(BBC, 3/22/21)(AP, 3/30/21)
2021 Mar, Sudan paid $335m
(£244m) as compensation for victims of past attacks against US
targets. The payment included punitive damages only to families of
victims or those injured who are US nationals or US embassy workers.
The majority of the estimated 5,000 people injured the twin bombings
to hit the American embassies in Nairobi and the Tanzanian city of
Dar es Salaam on 7 August 1998 will not get any money; neither will
the families of the more than 200 locals who died in the blasts.
2021 Apr 6, Tanzania's new
Pres. Samia Suluhu Hassan said she will form a technical committee
to advise her about the scope of COVID-19 infections in the country
and how to respond to the pandemic.
2021 Apr 11, Tanzania, Uganda
and French oil company Total signed agreements on building a heated
pipeline to carry crude oil from western Uganda to the Indian Ocean
coast. Construction of the pipeline, which would be the world’s
longest at 897 miles, is expected to begin this year.
2021 Apr 24, Zanzibar's
authorities halted all sea activities, including fishing and
transport, until further notice as a tropical storm approaches the