Timeline Tajikistan

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EurasiaNet: https://eurasianet.org/region/tajikistan
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Sogdiana was a province of ancient Persia between the Oxus and Jaxartes Rivers, later known as Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The extinct Iranian language of Sogdiana was spoken. Their alphabet was the source of the later Uighur and Mongolian alphabets.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1264,1353)(AM, 9/01, p.50)
  The capital of Tajikistan is Dushanbe.
 (WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)

c2500BC    Aryan followers of King Yama crossed the Aoxus River from Central Asia into Tajikistan and created a new calendar with the new year (Now Roz, Now-Ruz) marked by spring. This was later celebrated by people in Iran and Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A22)

999        Turkish dynasties became the rulers of Transoxania, and area that covered much of what later became Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan.
    (Econ, 7/26/03, p.46)

1924        Stalin divided remnants of Turkestan into the current Central Asian republics.
    (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)

1929        Tajikistan was created by Stalin to divide and rule the ethnic Muslim peoples of Central Asia.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)

1937        The city of Khodzhent established a university.
    (SFC, 4/30/97, p.A12)

1963        The Soviet Union planned to harness hydroelectric power and feed a huge aluminum smelter in Tajikistan.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)

1965-1975    The large aluminum smelting plant at Tursunzadeh was built.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)

1975        Mar 31, In Tajikistan the first pouring of aluminum took place at the new state-run aluminum smelting plant at Tursunzadeh. By 2013 TALCO produced hundreds of millions of dollars in profits that were routed to a shell company in the British Virgin Islands".
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tajik_Aluminium_Company)(Econ, 7/27/13, p.36)

1991        Dec 13, Five Central Asian republics of the Soviet Union (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) agreed to join the new Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) being organized by Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
    (AP, 12/13/01)(www.therussiasite.org/legal/laws/CISagreement.html)

1991        Tajikistan gained independence from the Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 4/30/97, p.A6)
1991        Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were left with numerous tailings dumps of radioactive waste following the collapse of the soviet Union. By 2015 cancer rates were rising as radioactive waste leached into the water supply.
    (Econ, 7/11/15, p.40)

1992        Civil war and fighting between Tajikistanís Russian-backed government and rebels began. It lasted to 1997.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)(SFC, 11/3/00, p.D2)

1994        Emomali Rakhmonov77 was elected president of Tajikistan.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.50)

1996        Apr 26, The Shanghai Five grouping was created with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai. Boris Yeltsin and the presidents of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan visited Shanghai and signed a treaty with Pres. Jiang Zemin at the Jin Jiang Hotel that demarcated their borders with China.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai_Cooperation_Organisation)(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)

1996        Dec 4, Government troops repulsed an attack by Islamic rebels. Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov was to meet with the Muslim opposition. Russia had 25,000 troops guarding the 900-mile border with Afghanistan where the rebels had bases.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)

1996        Dec 20, Lieutenants of Rizvan ďRambo" Sadirov kidnapped 23 people including 8 UN observers. They demanded that a safe corridor be created for the return of Sadirov and his fighters from Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/21/96, p.A12)

1996        Dec 23, Pres. Emamali Rakhmonov signed a power sharing accord with his leading foe, Sayed Abdullo Nuri.
    (SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)

1996        In Tajikistan some 50,000 people had died since fighting broke out in 1992.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1997        Apr 30, Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov was wounded in a grenade attack on his car in the city of Khodzhent.
    (SFC, 4/30/97, p.A12)

1997        May 18, Rakhmonovís neo-Communist government agreed to legalize major Islamist opposition parties. Pres. Rakhmonov signed with opposition leader Sayid Abdullo Nuri.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A14)(SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A12)

1997        Jun 27, A Tajikistan formal peace accord was signed in Moscow that was brokered by Russia and Iran. A power sharing arrangement was foreseen between Pres. Emomali Rakhmanov and opposition leader Said Abdullo. The opposition led by the Islamic Renaissance Party (IRPT) was guaranteed 30% of government positions.  Up to 150,000 people had been killed in the 5-year civil war.
    (WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(SFC, 11/3/00, p.D2)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.50)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.42)

1997        Aug 18, Government forces killed 50 mutinous troops in a battle over a bridge on the Vakhsh River.
    (SFC, 8/19/97, p.A9)

1997        Nov 18, Karine Mane of France, a UN worker for the High Commissioner for refugees, was kidnapped along with Franck Janier-Dubry in Dushambe.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)

1997        Nov 30, Karine Mane of France and 5 of her suspected abductors were killed by a grenade during a confrontation with government forces trying to free her. A companion had been released hours earlier. Faction leader Rezvon Sadirov was accused of the kidnapping, staged to seek freedom for his brother, Bakhrom, who was awaiting trial on kidnapping charges.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(AP Internet, 11/30/98)

1997        Dec 2, Tajikistan forces killed Rizvon Sadirov, leader of the group that kidnapped Karine Mane, and a number of his associates.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.C5)

1997        The population of Tajikistan, most of whom followed the Ismaili version of Shia Islam, was about 5.7 million.
    (WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(Econ, 8/20/16, p.33)
1997        The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program was initiated. The 8-member group included Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
1997        In Tajikistan the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) became  the only registered Islamic party in Central Asia.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ybdb8tha)(Econ, 9/23/17, p.37)

1998        Mar 25, In Tajikistan Islamic rebels killed over 60 government troops and held another 60 hostage after a 2-day battle near the capital.
    (WSJ, 3/26/98, p.A1)

1998        Mar 29, Rebels released 16 captured soldiers.
    (WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A1)

1998        Mar 30, Rebels released 73 government soldiers captured in last weekís fighting.
    (WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A1)

1998        May 2, Government troops withdrew from around the capital after 4 days of fighting Islamist opposition forces. An agreement for a peaceful settlement was reached.
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.17A)

1998        May 30, An estimated 6.9 earthquake hit northern Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Shari Basurkh was hit hardest and some estimates put the death toll up to 3,000. The estimated deaths later reached 5,000.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/1/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/22/02)
1998        May 30, Pakistan set off a nuclear bomb, the 6th test in 3 days.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A15)

1998        Jul 20, 4 UN employees were killed while on routine patrol.
    (SFC, 7/22/98, p.A12)

1998        Aug 11, Tajikistan appealed to other former Soviet states for help in securing its borders as the Taliban consolidated its hold in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 8/12/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 5, Rebel commander Colonel Makhmud Khudoberdyev warned that a dam on the Kairakkhum channel was mined. He threatened to blow it up.
    (SFC, 11/6/98, p.D4)

1998        Nov 10, It was reported that over 200 people died in 5 days of fighting with rebels and the government claimed that the rebels were driven from the Aini district north of Dushanbe.
    (WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 30, Britain along with Lesotho, Burkino Faso, the Ivory Coast and Tajikistan signed a global treaty for an Intíl. Criminal Court to try war crimes. The accord was approved in July at conference in Rome and 61 countries had signed on. The court required 60 countries to pass legislation for ratification.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)

1998        Dec, Rival opposition factions fought in Dushanbe.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.T14)

1998        The population of Tajikistan was about 5.9 million at this time.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)

1999        Jan, Opposition guerrillas clashed with police and stormed a police outpost to free prisoners.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.T14)

1999        Aug 23, Militants from Tajikistan crossed into Kyrgyzstan taking hostages and claiming control of several villages.
    (SFC, 8/24/99, p.A11)

1999        Nov 6, Secular Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov a faced Muslim challenger.
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A29)

1999        Tajikistan set up a drugs control agency under the direct control of the president.
    (Econ, 7/26/03, p.46-15)

2000        Feb 2, At least 5 people were killed and 22 wounded when a city bus exploded outside Dushanbe. A natural gas canister or home made bomb was blamed.
    (SFC, 2/3/00, p.A13)

2001        Apr, Khabib Sanginov, deputy interior minister, was assassinated.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A12)

2001        Jun 15, In Tajikistan gunmen kidnapped 15 people from an aid organization in Darvaz. 4 were released a day later.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A12)
2001        Jun 15, The Shanghai Five member nations (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia), having admitted Uzbekistan, signed the Declaration of Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

2001        Jul 13, It was reported that record droughts persisted in Afghanistan northern China, North Korea, Mongolia and Tajikistan.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, p.D4)

2001        Sep 24, Kazakstan offered air and military bases to the US for attacks on Afghanistan. Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were said to be negotiating use of their territory by the US.
    (SFC, 9/25/01, p.A6)

2001        Nov 4, The US reached a tentative agreement with Tajikistan for military cooperation in exchange for tens of millions of dollars.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A4)

2002        Aug 7, In eastern Tajikistan a dam holding water in a lake in the Pamir Mountains broke and flooded a village and killing 20 people.
    (AP, 8/7/02)

2003        Jun 22, Tajiks voted on changes to their constitution that would allow President Emomali Rakhmonov to potentially stay in power for another 17 years. An overwhelming majority of voters approved the constitutional change.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(AP, 6/23/03)

2003        Sep 23, China signed agreements with Russia and four Central Asian neighbors (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan) in an effort to strengthen a 7-year-old security alliance and encourage economic links across a largely undeveloped region.
    (AP, 9/23/03)

2003        The average wage in Tajikistan was $10 a month for those able to find work.
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.40)

2004        Aug 28, The foreign ministers of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan approved Russian membership to their economic block at talks in Astana, the Kazakh capital.
    (AP, 8/28/04)

2005        Feb 27, Tajikistan voters cast their ballots in parliamentary elections. President Emomali Rakhmonov's National Democratic party won the election overwhelmingly with nearly 75 percent of the vote. The opposition earned only two of 63 seats in Parliament. The EU said "significant breaches" were reported during the vote, including proxy voting, obstruction of election observers and irregularities in vote counting.
    (AP, 3/5/05)

2005        Feb 28, In Tajikistan opposition parties alleged systematic vote-rigging and other breaches during weekend parliamentary elections in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 2/28/05)

2005        Jul 5, An alliance of Russia, China and central Asian nations called for the US and coalition members in Afghanistan to set a date for withdrawing from member states, reflecting growing unease over America's regional military presence. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization includes China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 7/5/05)

2005        Oct 3, The UN ambassadors of Britain, France and the US sent a letter emphasizing their continued opposition to a proposal to create a nuclear-weapons free zone in Central Asia. The letter, sent to the UN ambassadors of the five Central Asian nations, says that a draft treaty to create the zone still does not address their biggest concerns and that further discussions are needed. It calls for consultations "very soon." The five nations agreed to the draft text for a Central Asian nuclear-free zone in February. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan had originally put forward a proposal for a nuclear-weapon free zone in 1997, but divisions both internal and external over the text have stalled progress. Moscow claims that a 1992 treaty that Russia signed with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan could allow missiles to be deployed in the region.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 9, In Tajikistan a grenade killed a woman (25) on a street in Dushanbe. It was placed in her handbag by a former boyfriend.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2006        Jan 8, In Tajikistan a fire swept through a home for mentally disabled children in the capital of Dushanbe, killing 13 children before firefighters arrived.
    (AP, 1/8/06)

2006        May 9, A senior American diplomat pledged US support to impoverished Tajikistan in improving security and expanding economic opportunities and political plurality.
    (AP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 12, Gunmen attacked border posts on both sides of the frontier between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, killing five people and injuring two.
    (AP, 5/12/06)

2006        Jun 15, The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a Russian and Chinese-led bloc of Asian states, said it plans to set up an expert group to boost computer security and help guard against threats to their regimes from the Internet. SCO members (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) are mostly authoritarian states that maintain tight controls on communications technology, including the Internet.
    (AP, 6/15/06)

2006        Sep 9, Five central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) signed a nuclear-free zone treaty, but it did not cancel out a 1992 agreement to allow Russia to transport and deploy nuclear weapons there under certain circumstances.
    (SSFC, 9/10/06, p.A18)

2006        Sep 25, The United States donated patrol boats and electronic equipment to help Tajikistan guard its borders and stem the flow of heroin from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/25/06)

2006        Nov 6, Tajikistan's President Emomali Rakhmonov won re-election to a new, seven-year term according to preliminary results that gave him nearly 80% of the vote. Foreign observers said the vote was flawed.
    (AP, 11/7/06)

2007        Mar, Tajik Pres. Emomalii Rakhmon de-Russified his own name, changing it from Emomali Rakhmonov to Emomali Rahmon, and he urged Tajiks to follow a 1989 law that discourages "-ov" and "-ev" endings that were widely added to surnames during the Communist era. He also ordered a ban on the use of cell phones and private cars at high schools, and then banned high school graduation parties, which had become elaborate and lavish.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(http://factsanddetails.com/central-asia/Tajikistan/sub8_6a/entry-4860.html)

2007        Aug 17, The six members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) held their first joint maneuvers on Russian land in a demonstration of their growing military ties and a shared desire to counter US global clout. The presidents of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan attended the unprecedented joint military exercises in Chelyabinsk near the Kazakh border.
    (AFP, 8/17/07)

2007        Aug 26, A road bridge linking Tajikistan and Afghanistan paid for by the US was officially opened at a ceremony attended by the presidents of the two Central Asian countries.
    (AP, 8/26/07)

2007        Nov 14, An explosion at the Tajik presidential palace killed a guard in what officials called a terror attack.
    (AP, 11/14/07)

2007        Dec 21, In Tajikistan a late night avalanche of snow hit a section of one of the main roads, killing 3 people. Earlier reports had put the toll at 15.
    (AP, 12/24/07)

2008        Jan 29, Officials in impoverished Tajikistan said they would be forced to cut power to much of the country as residents endured one of the coldest winters in 25 years. Tajikistan is rich in water resources, but the cold weather has frozen rivers flowing into the Nurek reservoir.
    (AP, 1/29/08)

2008        Mar 21, In Moscow firefighters found the body of Channel One correspondent Ilyas Shurpayev (32) in his apartment with stab wounds and a belt around his neck. He was a native of the mostly Muslim Dagestan province and had worked in Russia's violence-ridden North Caucasus, which includes Dagestan and war-scarred Chechnya. Dagestan. On March 31 officials said that two men from Tajikistan have admitted robbing and killing Shurpayev.
    (AP, 3/21/08)(AP, 3/31/08)

2008        Jul 14, Russia agreed to write off $242 million in Tajikistan debt and take control of the Okno mountaintop station, operational since 2004. It was designed to track satellites and even fragments of space debris.
    (AP, 7/15/08)

2009        Feb 4, Russia sought to bolster its security alliance with six other ex-Soviet nations (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) by forming a joint rapid reaction force in a continuing effort to curb US influence in energy-rich Central Asia.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 25, Russian news agencies quoted Chief Military Prosecutor Sergei Fridinsky as saying that his office has exposed an attempt by military officers to smuggle $18 million worth of stolen Russian weapons to China via Tajikistan.
    (AP, 2/25/09)

2009        Apr 13, In Tajikistan an independent audit was posted indicating that the chairman of the Central Bank had diverted more than $850 million to a company run by himself and his family. The Ernst & Young audit said that under Murodali Alimardonov's stewardship, from 1996 to 2008, the Central Bank paid about $856 million to his Credit-Invest company, a general purpose investment concern. A further $221.5 million allocated for investment in the cotton industry in 2004-2007 remained unaccounted for.
    (AP, 4/13/09)

2009        Jun 16, Chinaís Pres. Hu Jintao announced a $10 billion loan to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, founded in 2001. The SCO grouped China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pr5v65j)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.51)

2009        Jul 16, In Tajikistan 5 militants were killed in a gunfight at a remote military checkpoint near the border with Afghanistan. Law enforcement agencies later issued a joint statement claiming the perpetrators of the attack were suspected terrorists with Russian citizenship. Authorities said that earlier this month Mirzo Ziyoyev, a rebel commander in Tajikistan's 1990s civil war, who later became a government minister, was killed by members of a militant group he had allegedly joined recently. The government said Azizov was a member of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, or IMU, an al-Qaida-linked militant group that has operated in ex-Soviet Central Asia and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Jul 26, In Tajikistan a small explosion hit the Tajik capital of Dushanbe. A 2nd small explosion followed the next day. There were no injuries. A high-profile meeting between the leaders of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Russia, was scheduled to start July 30 for talks on communications and transportation.
    (AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 29, In Tajikistan the Pakistani and Tajik presidents pledged to step up efforts to fight Islamist militants at a regional summit amid concerns about the spread of violence from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)

2009        Nov 30, Tajikistan unveiled a Chinese-built 500-kilowatt transmission line that will link the northern and central parts of the country. This would add to the poor nation's debt to China but reduce reliance on Uzbekistan, which planned to withdraw on Dec 1 from the Soviet-era power grid that unites four Central Asian countries. This prompted fears of electricity shortages that could make for a winter of hardship in impoverished Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan, said the move will cut it off from gas-rich Turkmenistan.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Dilip Hiro authored ďInside Central Asia: A Political and Cultural History of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Iran."
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.98)

2010        Jan 2, In Tajikistan a magnitude 5.3 earthquake struck the Pamir Mountains. Some 783 people were left homeless. 98 houses were completely destroyed and nearly 1,000 others damaged by the quake that hit several villages in the Gorno-Badakhshansky region.
    (AP, 1/3/10)(AP, 1/5/10)

2010        Feb 28, Tajikistan held parliamentary elections. The Central Elections Commission said that 85%  of the country's 3.5 million eligible voters had cast ballots. The main government-backed party was set to coast to the easiest of victories. President Emomali Rakhmon's two-decade grip on power remained as strong as ever. An initial tally showed the government-backed party with 71.7% and the main opposition Islamic Revival Party with just 7.7%. Intíl. monitors from the OSCE said that while the vote was peaceful, it was marred by ballot-box stuffing and proxy voting.
    (AP, 2/28/10)(AP, 3/1/10)

2010        Mar 2, Tajikistan's main opposition party said it plans to sue the Central Asian nation's elections board amid claims it abetted fraud in this weekend's parliamentary vote.
    (AP, 3/2/10)

2010        Mar 5, Election officials in Tajikistan declared the governing party the overwhelming winner of parliamentary elections that international observers say were marred by widespread fraud. The Central Election Commission said that a definitive count of ballots cast in the Feb 28 contest showed the People's Democratic Party winning 70.6% of the vote. It was now set to take 54 of the 63 seats in the Central Asian nation's lower chamber of parliament. The Islamic Revival Party came a distant second with 8.2% of the vote.
    (AP, 3/5/10)

2010        Mar 27, Iran used an ancient new year celebration to reach out to Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Turkey at a summit meeting that projected Iranian leadership in the strategic region straddling the Middle East and Central Asia.
    (AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Apr 6, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon criticized as "unacceptable" Uzbekistan's placing of land mines along parts of its border with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan that have not been delineated.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        May 7, In Tajikistan a mudslide in a remote southern region killed seven people, including four children after the banks of the Tebalai river ruptured. The death toll from the mudslides and floods soon rose to 24 and increases were considered possible.
    (AP, 5/7/10)(AP, 5/10/10)

2010        Aug 1, UNESCO added five cultural sites to its World Heritage List, including the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long-Hanoi in Vietnam. The other new sites include the historic monuments of Dengfeng in China, the archaeological site Sarazm in Tajikistan, the Episcopal city of Albi in France and a 17th-century canal ring in Amsterdam.
    (AP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 18, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev offered Pakistan support in dealing with catastrophic floods as he hosted the leaders of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan for talks on efforts to stabilize the region.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 22, In Tajikistan a group of 25 Islamic militants serving time on terrorism charges escaped from a prison in Dushanbe after dramatic assaults that left at least five guards dead. The fugitives included Abdurasul Mirzoyev, the brother of a jailed former head of the presidential guards, who was sentenced to 30 years in prison last month on charges of involvement in a plot to overthrow the government. Among the others who escaped were some of the 46 people sentenced to lengthy prison terms last week for involvement with an illegal armed gang led by Mirzo Ziyoyev, a commander of the United Tajik Opposition, a rebel group in the civil war.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Sep 3, In Tajikistan a suicide car bomb blast tore through police offices in Khujand,  the countryís second-largest city, killing one policeman and injuring 25 people.
    (AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 19, In eastern Tajikistan heavily armed Islamic militants ambushed a military convoy, killing at least 26 soldiers. The attackers were said to include militants from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Russia's volatile southern region of Chechnya, led by Mullo Abdullo (b.1950), a radical Islamic commander who took an active part in the civil war. Warlord Alovuddin Davlatov was also suspected to have taken part in the ambush.
    (AP, 9/20/10)(AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Dec 8, In Russia drug control agencies from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and Tajikistan agreed to step up cooperation to stop the flow of drugs through Afghan borders.
    (AP, 12/8/10)

2010        In Tajikistan the government of Pres. Rahmon (b.1952) stepped up a campaign to close unregistered mosques, while making it close to impossible for new mosques to register.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.34)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emomalii_Rahmon)
2010        The population of Tajikistan, one of the poorest of the former Soviet states numbered about 7.3 million people. 70% lived in abject poverty.
    (AP, 1/3/10)(Econ, 3/6/10, p.60)

2011        Jan 12, Tajikistan agreed to give away a portion of its territory to neighboring China in a bid to put an end to a land dispute dating back more than a century. Foreign Minister Khamrokon Zarifi portrayed it as a victory, saying China had initially claimed more than 11,000 square miles (28,000 square km).
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Apr 11, Tajikistan state religious affairs committee head Abdurakhim Kholikov said that sending text messages with the "triple talaq," a Muslim ritual whereby a husband can end a marriage by reciting the term for divorce three times, breaches Islamic law.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 15, In Tajikistan Abdullo Rakhimov, also known by his nom de guerre Mullo Abdullo, was killed along with 14 other militants in the eastern Rasht Valley in a military operation.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 22, Workers in Tajikistan began dismantling the 22.5-m (74-foot) Lenin monument in the city center of Khujand, once known as Leninabad in honor of the Soviet founder. The statue, built in 1974 to mark the 50th anniversary of the leader's death, was being moved a new location next to a war memorial on the western fringe of the city.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Jun 25, In Iran Pakistani Pres. Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai attended an international anti-terrorism conference alongside Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani and Tajik Pres. Emomali Rahmon. The presidents of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan agreed to join forces in combating militancy.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jul 20, A magnitude-6.1 temblor centered in Kyrgyzstan hit shortly after midnight in a mountainous area some 20 miles (35 km) away from the eastern Uzbek city of Ferghana, which has a population of more than 200,000. The earthquake killed at least 14 people, including 13 in Uzbekistan and one in Tajikistan.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Sep 3, In Tajikistan leaders from eight former Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) gathered to celebrate enduring cooperation over the two decades since their nations collectively gained independence, but mutual acrimony and recriminations cast a shadow over the event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2012        Mar 24, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his Pakistani counterpart Asif Ali Zardari arrived in Tajikistan for regional security talks with Afghan leader Hamid Karzai.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)

2012        Apr, Transfers from a million or so Tajiks living abroad were equivalent to 45% of Tajikistan GDP. Half of the countryís 7.7 million people lived on less than $2 per day.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.57)

2012        Jul 21, In Tajikistan rebel leader, Tolib Ayombekov, allegedly had the head of provincial security killed in Gorno-Badakhshan province. This was believed to be the result of a dispute over who would control how much of the drug smuggling from Afghanistan.

2012        Jul 24, In Tajikistan 42 gunmen and government soldiers were killed in clashes with an armed group led by Tolib Ayombekov, a former warlord, whom the Tajik government has accused of involvement in a recent killing of a senior intelligence officer. Dozens of civilians casualties were also suspected.
    (AP, 7/24/12)(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.35)

2012        Aug 22, Tajikistan government troops opened fire on a crowd protesting the unexplained killing of an influential local leader in Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous province. Hundreds had gathered in front of Khorog regional headquarters to demand an explanation for the overnight death of Imumnazar Imumnazarov, a former warlord during the country's civil war in the 1990s.
    (AP, 8/22/12)

2012        Nov 19, In Tajikistan Inobat Yakubova told the respected Tajik newspaper Asia-Plus that her son (12) was picked up in late August while at the home of his Arabic language tutor, who is suspected of being a member of banned Islamist group Hizb-ut-Tah. She said security services held him for three days and beat him to coerce details on individuals detained on extremism charges.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2012        The Tajik Group 24 movement was founded in Moscow by Tajik businessman and politician Umarali Quvvatov after he left Tajikistan.

2013        Jan 26, In Russia a fire ripped through a new Moscow building's underground parking lot, killing 10 Tajikistan migrant workers and injuring 13 others who had been working and living there.
    (AP, 1/26/13)

2013        Oct 1, Tajikistan's parliament ratified a deal with Russia to extend by three decades Moscow's military presence in the Central Asian nation. A forthcoming vote in the docile upper house is seen as a formality in Tajikistan, where Pres. Imomali Rakhmon wields vast powers.
    (Reuters, 10/1/13)

2013        Nov 6, Tajik President Imomali Rakhmon, his only serious rival disqualified, headed for re-election in a Central Asian country beset by poverty and facing security threats from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 16, Tajikistan's long-running President Emomali Rakhmon was inaugurated for a fourth term, as he promised to alleviate the grinding poverty in the former Soviet country.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)

2013        Dec 19, German media and officials in Berlin said about 200 cars stolen in Germany have been tracked down in Tajikistan, where most are now driven by family and friends of President Emomali Rakhmon.
    (AFP, 12/19/13)

2014        Apr 12, In southern Tajikistan 6 children were killed and at least seven people left missing and presumed dead as a result of a mudslide.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)

2014        May 21, In Tajikistan 2 people in the eastern city of Khorog were killed when police opened fire on a crowd that tried to storm a police station to free a local man, the brother of a former warlord, held there and then went on to set fire to several government buildings.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)

2014        Jun 16, In Tajikistan Alexander Sodikov, a Tajik political science student in Canada employed by Britainís Univ. of Exeter, was detained by secret police while conducting research in Gorno-Badakhshan.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.36)

2014        Aug 25, Tajik police said gun fire from Kyrgyzstan killed a border guard and one civilian and wounded four other civilians. The Kyrgyz border force blamed the incident on Tajikistan, saying Tajik servicemen had tried to erect a border post "on an undelimited part of the border" and started to destroy a bridge across a river used by Kyrgyz citizens.
    (Reuters, 8/26/14)

2014        Sep 11, The Shanghai Co-operation Organization (SCO) opened its 14th annual summit. The 2-day meeting in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, included the groups six member countries: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The SCO agreed to adopt procedures for expansion with India and Pakistan likely to join next year.
    (Econ, 9/20/14, p.39)

2014        Oct 5, Tajikistan authorities suspended the operation of SMS systems and temporarily blocked hundreds of websites including Facebook, YouTube, and Russian-language social networks ahead of an October 10 planned protest called by Group 24. The government also increased law enforcement presence in the capital and no protest ever materialized.

2014        Oct 9,  Tajikistan's Supreme Court banned Group 24 for alleged 'extremism'.

2015        Mar 5, In Turkey Umarali Kuvatov (Quvvatov), leader of a Tajik movement called Group 24, was shot in the back of the head outside a restaurant in Istanbul. Kuvatov had fled Tajikistan in 2012 reportedly after a deal with the presidentís son went wrong. He went into exile to first Russia and later the United Arab Emirates after Tajikistan asked for his extradition.
    (www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-31760810)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.42)

2015        Apr, Tajikistan police commander Col. Gulmurod Khalimov disappeared. In May he reappeared in an online video saying he had defected to join the Islamic State group in Syria. In 2017 Russia said Khamilov had been killed in an aistrike in Syria.
    (SFC, 5/30/15, p.A2)(Econ, 9/23/17, p.37)

2015        Sep 4, In Tajikistan 9 policemen were killed in attacks the authorities blamed on gunmen loyal to the country's own deputy defense minister. 13 rebels were also killed. The interior ministry blamed the attacks on a group led by Major General Abdulkhalim Mirzo Nazarzoda, the deputy defense minister, who was soon dismissed by Imomali Rakhmon, the president, for committing a crime.
    (Reuters, 9/4/15)(AP, 9/5/15)

2015        Sep 5, In Tajikistan an armed group attacked a police post outside Dushanbe, and there were losses among the officers guarding it. Police said they had closed in on sacked Deputy Defense Minister Abdulkhalim Mirzo Nazarzoda accused of leading the previous daysí gun attacks.
    (Reuters, 9/5/15)

2015        Sep 8, Tajikistan charged Major General Abduhalim Nazarzoda, a rebel former deputy defense minister, with high treason and terrorism after deadly street battles broke out in the ex-Soviet country last week.
    (AFP, 9/8/15)

2015        Sep 15, In Tajikistan Major General Abduhalim Nazarzoda (51) was killed by security forces after a failed coup in which gunmen loyal to him clashed with government forces in battles that killed dozens of people.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yaytft92)(Reuters, 8/9/17)

2015        Dec 7, Eastern Tajikistan was struck by a 7.2-magnitude earthquake. State television said one person was killed ten were injured.
    (AFP, 12/7/15)

2015        Dec 9, Tajikistan's lower house of parliament approved a bill that strengthens President Imomali Rakhmon's grip on power by awarding him the title of "Leader of the Nation" with lifetime immunity from prosecution.
    (Reuters, 12/9/15)

2015        Dec 10, In Tajikistan a Dushanbe district court sentenced a man and a woman, recruited by the militant group Islamic State, to 10 and eight-and-a-half years in prison respectively for planning to assassinate President Imomali Rakhmon.
    (Reuters, 5/6/16)

2015        A Tajikistan court banned the moderate Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan, the main challenger to Pres. Emomali Rahmon, branding it a terrorist group.  Party leader Muhiddin Kabiri fled abroad.
    (Econ., 10/10/20, p.34)

2016        May 5, Human Rights Watch and the Norwegian Helsinki Committee called for the release of at least four human rights lawyers imprisoned in Tajikistan as part of a crackdown on dissenters, as well as two children of another lawyer.
    (AFP, 5/5/16)

2016        May 14, Tajikistan's President Emomali Rakhmon signed a law to create a holiday honoring his autocratic rule in a move that fuels fears of a burgeoning personality cult in the Central Asian state.
    (AFP, 5/14/16)

2016        May 22, Tajikistan held a referendum on changing the Constitution to allow its authoritarian President Emomali Rakhmon (63) to run for the office indefinitely, effectively allowing him to rule for life.
    (AP, 5/22/16)

2016        Jun 2, A Tajikistan court sentenced two leaders of the Central Asian nation's banned Islamic opposition party to life imprisonment over an alleged attempted coup.
    (AP, 6/2/16)

2016        Aug 3, China hosted a meeting with Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan. The four countries agreed to set up an anti-terrorism alliance, as China seeks to boost coordination with neighbors to tackle what it says is a growing domestic militant threat.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)

2016        Aug 4, Tajikistan said it has meted out jail terms to 170 people convicted of complicity in an armed attempt by a deputy defence minister to topple President Imomali Rakhmon last September.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)

2016        Tajikistan closed its last unregistered madrassa (Muslim school).
    (Econ, 9/23/17, p.37)

2017        Aug 9, Tajikistan accused Iran of sending assassins and saboteurs into the former Soviet republic in the 1990s, when it was embroiled in a 1992-1997 civil war against an Islamist-led rebel force.
    (AP, 8/9/17)

2017        Sep 20, In Russia hundreds of Tajiks protested outside a Moscow shopping center where security guards had severely beaten a Tajik worker. 90 Tajiks were detained.
    (AP, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep, Tajikistanís government Committee on Religious Affairs distributed a pamphlet this month  imposing limits on how citizens can act at funerals, including bans on black clothes and loud wailing. It said hired mourners cannot be used and those grieving must not tear their hair or scratch their faces.
    (AP, 9/28/17)

2017        Dec 22, The US State Department re-designated China, Eritrea, Iran, Myanmar, North Korea, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as "countries of particular concern" under the International Religious Freedom Act for having engaged in or tolerated egregious violations of religious freedom.
    (AP, 1/4/18)

2018        Feb 8, Tajikistanís interior minister said amnesty has been granted to 111 of its nationals following their return home from Syria and Iraq, where they had joined radical Islamist groups. He also said some 250 citizens of Tajikistan, a majority-Muslim country, had died fighting for radical groups in Iraq and Syria, mostly the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 2/8/18)

2018        Mar 2, Muhiddin Kabiri, the Europe-based leader of the banned Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT), said Interpol has removed his name from its wanted list, in a setback for the Dushanbe government's efforts to portray its opponents as militants.
    (Reuters, 3/2/18)

2018        Mar 14, The International Crisis Group, an independent think tank, said China's military is ramping up its security presence in Tajikistan with troop deployments amid fears that militants based in nearby Afghanistan could strike at western China.
    (AP, 3/15/18)

2018        Apr 29, Iraq sentenced 19 Russian women to life in prison for joining the Islamic State group. Six women from Azerbaijan and four from Tajikistan were also condemned to life in prison on the same charge.
    (AFP, 4/29/18)

2018        Jul 17, Russia and Tajikistan began joint military exercises near the Tajik-Afghan border to prepare to ward off potential Taliban attacks.
    (AFP, 7/17/18)

2018        Jul 29, In Tajikistan a hit-and-run driver killed four foreign cyclists from the United States, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Security forces pursuing suspects in the attack killed four, including one as he was resisting arrest, and detained a fifth man. Islamic State jihadists soon claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 7/30/18)(AFP, 7/31/18)

2018        Aug 1, Tajikistan pledged to create a "tourist police" force to protect visitors after four tourists were killed in an attack claimed by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 8/1/18)

2018        Aug 12, In Tajikistan a helicopter carrying climbers crash-landed in the Central Asian nation's Pamir Mountains, killing five of the 18 people on board.
    (AP, 8/13/18)

2018        Aug 24, Tajikistan freed prominent human rights lawyer Shukhrat Kudratov as Western governments and rights groups stepped up pressure on the authoritarian Central Asian country. He had spent nearly four years behind bars on embezzlement charges.
    (AFP, 8/24/18)

2018        Aug 26, In Tajikistan 10-12 men armed with a hand-held grenade launcher and automatic rifles opened fire on three forest rangers, killing two of them and injuring one as they crossed the Panj River separating the country from Afghanistan. An air attack followed the clash in the Durqad district of Takhar province. Eight Taliban were killed and six wounded in the air strike.
    (AP, 8/27/18)(Reuters, 8/27/18)

2018        Nov 8, Tajikistan security sources reported that 24 prisoners and two guards were killed after dozens of inmates rioted overnight at a maximum security prison.
    (AFP, 11/8/18)

2019        May 19,  In Tajikistan three prison guards and 29 inmates were killed in a prison riot. The government blamed the riot on Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 5/20/19)

2020        Mar 1, Tajikistan voted in a parliamentary election that will produce a legislature loyal to President Imomali Rahmon (67) who has run the ex-Soviet Central Asian nation for a quarter of a century. Rahmon's People's Democratic Party won 75% of the seats. Five other parties won seats , offering different manifestos but uniform support of Rahmon.
    (Reuters, 3/1/20)(Econ., 3/7/20, p.34)

2020        Apr 15, It was reported that Tajikistan has applied for the IMF's emergency financing, becoming the second Central Asian nation to do so amid the global crisis prompted by the novel coronavirus outbreak. Kyrgyzstan, which has already received $121 million from the fund.
    (Reuters, 4/15/20)

2020        Apr 16, A Tajik court sentenced a local journalist to a year in prison over a dissertation in which he quoted the works of Muslim Brotherhood leaders. Reporter Daler Sharifov was convicted of hate speech, a charge to which he pleaded not guilty.
    (Reuters, 4/16/20)

2020        Apr 17, In Tajikistan Rustam Emomali (32), the eldest son of President Emomali Rakhmon, was elected as speaker in the senate, cementing the family's grip on power in the Central Asian nation ahead of a presidential election. Rakhmon's daughter Ozoda Rakhmon is also a senator and serves as the president's chief of staff, while her husband holds the No.2 position at the central bank.
    (Reuters, 4/17/20)

2020        Apr 25, Tajikistan said it is closing schools for two weeks to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus and temporarily banning exports of grains and pulses to ensure sufficient supplies at home. The country has reported no coronavirus cases.
    (Reuters, 4/25/20)

2020        Apr 30, Tajikistan has confirmed its first 15 coronavirus cases.
    (Reuters, 4/30/20)

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