Return to homeEurasiaNet: https://eurasianet.org/region/tajikistan
Travel Docs: http://www.traveldocs.com/tj/index.htm Sogdiana was a province of ancient Persia between
the Oxus and Jaxartes Rivers, later known as Uzbekistan and
Tajikistan. The extinct Iranian language of Sogdiana was spoken.
Their alphabet was the source of the later Uighur and Mongolian
(WUD, 1994, p.1264,1353)(AM, 9/01, p.50)
The capital of Tajikistan is Dushanbe.
(WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)
c2500BC Aryan followers of King Yama crossed the
Aoxus River from Central Asia into Tajikistan and created a new
calendar with the new year (Now Roz, Now-Ruz) marked by spring. This
was later celebrated by people in Iran and Afghanistan.
(SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A22)
999 Turkish dynasties became
the rulers of Transoxania, and area that covered much of what later
became Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan.
(Econ, 7/26/03, p.46)
1924 Stalin divided remnants of
Turkestan into the current Central Asian republics.
(SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)
1929 Tajikistan was created by
Stalin to divide and rule the ethnic Muslim peoples of Central Asia.
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)
1937 The city of Khodzhent
established a university.
(SFC, 4/30/97, p.A12)
1963 The Soviet Union planned
to harness hydroelectric power and feed a huge aluminum smelter in
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)
1965-1975 The large aluminum smelting plant at
Tursunzadeh was built.
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)
1975 Mar 31, In Tajikistan the
first pouring of aluminum took place at the new state-run aluminum
smelting plant at Tursunzadeh. By 2013 TALCO produced hundreds of
millions of dollars in profits that were routed to a shell company
in the British Virgin Islands".
1991 Dec 13, Five Central Asian
republics of the Soviet Union (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) agreed to join the new Commonwealth of
Independent States (CIS) being organized by Russian President Boris
1991 Tajikistan gained
independence from the Soviet Union.
(SFC, 4/30/97, p.A6)
1991 Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan were left with numerous tailings dumps of radioactive
waste following the collapse of the soviet Union. By 2015 cancer
rates were rising as radioactive waste leached into the water
(Econ, 7/11/15, p.40)
1992 Civil war and fighting
between Tajikistanís Russian-backed government and rebels began. It
lasted to 1997.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)(SFC,
1994 Emomali Rakhmonov77 was
elected president of Tajikistan.
(Econ, 11/11/06, p.50)
1996 Apr 26, The Shanghai Five
grouping was created with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening
Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai. Boris Yeltsin and the
presidents of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan visited Shanghai
and signed a treaty with Pres. Jiang Zemin at the Jin Jiang Hotel
that demarcated their borders with China.
1996 Dec 4, Government troops
repulsed an attack by Islamic rebels. Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov was to
meet with the Muslim opposition. Russia had 25,000 troops guarding
the 900-mile border with Afghanistan where the rebels had bases.
(SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)
1996 Dec 20, Lieutenants of
Rizvan ďRambo" Sadirov kidnapped 23 people including 8 UN observers.
They demanded that a safe corridor be created for the return of
Sadirov and his fighters from Afghanistan.
(SFC, 12/21/96, p.A12)
1996 Dec 23, Pres. Emamali
Rakhmonov signed a power sharing accord with his leading foe, Sayed
(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)
1996 In Tajikistan some 50,000
people had died since fighting broke out in 1992.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1997 Apr 30, Pres. Emomali
Rakhmonov was wounded in a grenade attack on his car in the city of
(SFC, 4/30/97, p.A12)
1997 May 18, Rakhmonovís
neo-Communist government agreed to legalize major Islamist
opposition parties. Pres. Rakhmonov signed with opposition leader
Sayid Abdullo Nuri.
(SFC, 5/19/97, p.A14)(SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A12)
1997 Jun 27, A Tajikistan
formal peace accord was signed in Moscow that was brokered by Russia
and Iran. A power sharing arrangement was foreseen between Pres.
Emomali Rakhmanov and opposition leader Said Abdullo. The opposition
led by the Islamic Renaissance Party (IRPT) was guaranteed 30% of
government positions. Up to 150,000 people had been killed in
the 5-year civil war.
(WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(SFC, 11/3/00, p.D2)(Econ,
11/11/06, p.50)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.42)
1997 Aug 18, Government forces
killed 50 mutinous troops in a battle over a bridge on the Vakhsh
(SFC, 8/19/97, p.A9)
1997 Nov 18, Karine Mane of
France, a UN worker for the High Commissioner for refugees, was
kidnapped along with Franck Janier-Dubry in Dushambe.
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997 Nov 30, Karine Mane of
France and 5 of her suspected abductors were killed by a grenade
during a confrontation with government forces trying to free her. A
companion had been released hours earlier. Faction leader Rezvon
Sadirov was accused of the kidnapping, staged to seek freedom for
his brother, Bakhrom, who was awaiting trial on kidnapping charges.
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(AP Internet, 11/30/98)
1997 Dec 2, Tajikistan forces
killed Rizvon Sadirov, leader of the group that kidnapped Karine
Mane, and a number of his associates.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.C5)
1997 The population of
Tajikistan, most of whom followed the Ismaili version of Shia Islam,
was about 5.7 million.
(WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(Econ, 8/20/16, p.33)
1997 The Central Asia Regional
Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program was initiated. The 8-member
group included Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
1997 In Tajikistan the Islamic
Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) became the only
registered Islamic party in Central Asia.
1998 Mar 25, In Tajikistan
Islamic rebels killed over 60 government troops and held another 60
hostage after a 2-day battle near the capital.
(WSJ, 3/26/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 29, Rebels released 16
(WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 30, Rebels released 73
government soldiers captured in last weekís fighting.
(WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A1)
1998 May 2, Government troops
withdrew from around the capital after 4 days of fighting Islamist
opposition forces. An agreement for a peaceful settlement was
(BS, 5/3/98, p.17A)
1998 May 30, An estimated 6.9
earthquake hit northern Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Shari Basurkh
was hit hardest and some estimates put the death toll up to 3,000.
The estimated deaths later reached 5,000.
(SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/1/98, p.A1)(AP,
1998 May 30, Pakistan set off a
nuclear bomb, the 6th test in 3 days.
(SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A15)
1998 Jul 20, 4 UN employees
were killed while on routine patrol.
(SFC, 7/22/98, p.A12)
1998 Aug 11, Tajikistan
appealed to other former Soviet states for help in securing its
borders as the Taliban consolidated its hold in Afghanistan.
(WSJ, 8/12/98, p.A1)
1998 Nov 5, Rebel commander
Colonel Makhmud Khudoberdyev warned that a dam on the Kairakkhum
channel was mined. He threatened to blow it up.
(SFC, 11/6/98, p.D4)
1998 Nov 10, It was reported
that over 200 people died in 5 days of fighting with rebels and the
government claimed that the rebels were driven from the Aini
district north of Dushanbe.
(WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A1)
1998 Nov 30, Britain along with
Lesotho, Burkino Faso, the Ivory Coast and Tajikistan signed a
global treaty for an Intíl. Criminal Court to try war crimes. The
accord was approved in July at conference in Rome and 61 countries
had signed on. The court required 60 countries to pass legislation
(SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)
1998 Dec, Rival opposition
factions fought in Dushanbe.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.T14)
1998 The population of
Tajikistan was about 5.9 million at this time.
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)
1999 Jan, Opposition guerrillas
clashed with police and stormed a police outpost to free prisoners.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.T14)
1999 Aug 23, Militants from
Tajikistan crossed into Kyrgyzstan taking hostages and claiming
control of several villages.
(SFC, 8/24/99, p.A11)
1999 Nov 6, Secular Pres.
Emomali Rakhmonov a faced Muslim challenger.
(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A29)
1999 Tajikistan set up a drugs
control agency under the direct control of the president.
(Econ, 7/26/03, p.46-15)
2000 Feb 2, At least 5 people
were killed and 22 wounded when a city bus exploded outside
Dushanbe. A natural gas canister or home made bomb was blamed.
(SFC, 2/3/00, p.A13)
2001 Jun 15, In Tajikistan
gunmen kidnapped 15 people from an aid organization in Darvaz. 4
were released a day later.
(SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A12)
2001 Jun 15, The Shanghai Five
member nations (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia),
having admitted Uzbekistan, signed the Declaration of Shanghai
2001 Jul 13, It was reported
that record droughts persisted in Afghanistan northern China, North
Korea, Mongolia and Tajikistan.
(SFC, 7/13/01, p.D4)
2001 Sep 24, Kazakstan offered
air and military bases to the US for attacks on Afghanistan.
Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were said to be negotiating use of their
territory by the US.
(SFC, 9/25/01, p.A6)
2001 Nov 4, The US reached a
tentative agreement with Tajikistan for military cooperation in
exchange for tens of millions of dollars.
(SFC, 11/5/01, p.A4)
2002 Aug 7, In eastern
Tajikistan a dam holding water in a lake in the Pamir Mountains
broke and flooded a village and killing 20 people.
2003 Jun 22, Tajiks voted on
changes to their constitution that would allow President Emomali
Rakhmonov to potentially stay in power for another 17 years. An
overwhelming majority of voters approved the constitutional change.
(AP, 6/22/03)(AP, 6/23/03)
2003 Sep 23, China signed
agreements with Russia and four Central Asian neighbors (Uzbekistan,
Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan) in an effort to strengthen a
7-year-old security alliance and encourage economic links across a
largely undeveloped region.
2003 The average wage in
Tajikistan was $10 a month for those able to find work.
(Econ, 12/13/03, p.40)
2004 Aug 28, The foreign
ministers of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan
approved Russian membership to their economic block at talks in
Astana, the Kazakh capital.
2005 Feb 27, Tajikistan voters
cast their ballots in parliamentary elections. President Emomali
Rakhmonov's National Democratic party won the election
overwhelmingly with nearly 75 percent of the vote. The opposition
earned only two of 63 seats in Parliament. The EU said "significant
breaches" were reported during the vote, including proxy voting,
obstruction of election observers and irregularities in vote
2005 Feb 28, In Tajikistan
opposition parties alleged systematic vote-rigging and other
breaches during weekend parliamentary elections in the former Soviet
2005 Jul 5, An alliance of
Russia, China and central Asian nations called for the US and
coalition members in Afghanistan to set a date for withdrawing from
member states, reflecting growing unease over America's regional
military presence. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization includes
China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
2005 Oct 3, The UN ambassadors
of Britain, France and the US sent a letter emphasizing their
continued opposition to a proposal to create a nuclear-weapons free
zone in Central Asia. The letter, sent to the UN ambassadors of the
five Central Asian nations, says that a draft treaty to create the
zone still does not address their biggest concerns and that further
discussions are needed. It calls for consultations "very soon." The
five nations agreed to the draft text for a Central Asian
nuclear-free zone in February. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan had originally put forward a proposal
for a nuclear-weapon free zone in 1997, but divisions both internal
and external over the text have stalled progress. Moscow claims that
a 1992 treaty that Russia signed with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and
Tajikistan could allow missiles to be deployed in the region.
2005 Oct 9, In Tajikistan a
grenade killed a woman (25) on a street in Dushanbe. It was placed
in her handbag by a former boyfriend.
2006 Jan 8, In Tajikistan a
fire swept through a home for mentally disabled children in the
capital of Dushanbe, killing 13 children before firefighters
2006 May 9, A senior American
diplomat pledged US support to impoverished Tajikistan in improving
security and expanding economic opportunities and political
2006 May 12, Gunmen attacked
border posts on both sides of the frontier between Kyrgyzstan and
Tajikistan, killing five people and injuring two.
2006 Jun 15, The Shanghai
Cooperation Organization, a Russian and Chinese-led bloc of Asian
states, said it plans to set up an expert group to boost computer
security and help guard against threats to their regimes from the
Internet. SCO members (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) are mostly authoritarian states that
maintain tight controls on communications technology, including the
2006 Sep 9, Five central Asian
countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Uzbekistan) signed a nuclear-free zone treaty, but it did not cancel
out a 1992 agreement to allow Russia to transport and deploy nuclear
weapons there under certain circumstances.
(SSFC, 9/10/06, p.A18)
2006 Sep 25, The United States
donated patrol boats and electronic equipment to help Tajikistan
guard its borders and stem the flow of heroin from neighboring
2006 Nov 6, Tajikistan's
President Emomali Rakhmonov won re-election to a new, seven-year
term according to preliminary results that gave him nearly 80% of
the vote. Foreign observers said the vote was flawed.
2007 Mar, Tajik Pres. Emomalii
Rakhmon de-Russified his own name, changing it from Emomali
Rakhmonov to Emomali Rahmon, and he urged Tajiks to follow a 1989
law that discourages "-ov" and "-ev" endings that were widely added
to surnames during the Communist era. He also ordered a ban on the
use of cell phones and private cars at high schools, and then banned
high school graduation parties, which had become elaborate and
2007 Aug 17, The six members of
the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) held their first joint
maneuvers on Russian land in a demonstration of their growing
military ties and a shared desire to counter US global clout. The
presidents of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan attended the unprecedented joint military exercises in
Chelyabinsk near the Kazakh border.
2007 Aug 26, A road bridge
linking Tajikistan and Afghanistan paid for by the US was officially
opened at a ceremony attended by the presidents of the two Central
2007 Nov 14, An explosion at
the Tajik presidential palace killed a guard in what officials
called a terror attack.
2007 Dec 21, In Tajikistan a
late night avalanche of snow hit a section of one of the main roads,
killing 3 people. Earlier reports had put the toll at 15.
2008 Jan 29, Officials in
impoverished Tajikistan said they would be forced to cut power to
much of the country as residents endured one of the coldest winters
in 25 years. Tajikistan is rich in water resources, but the cold
weather has frozen rivers flowing into the Nurek reservoir.
2008 Mar 21, In Moscow
firefighters found the body of Channel One correspondent Ilyas
Shurpayev (32) in his apartment with stab wounds and a belt around
his neck. He was a native of the mostly Muslim Dagestan province and
had worked in Russia's violence-ridden North Caucasus, which
includes Dagestan and war-scarred Chechnya. Dagestan. On March 31
officials said that two men from Tajikistan have admitted robbing
and killing Shurpayev.
(AP, 3/21/08)(AP, 3/31/08)
2008 Jul 14, Russia agreed to
write off $242 million in Tajikistan debt and take control of the
Okno mountaintop station, operational since 2004. It was designed to
track satellites and even fragments of space debris.
2009 Feb 4, Russia sought to
bolster its security alliance with six other ex-Soviet nations
(Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan) by forming a joint rapid reaction force in a continuing
effort to curb US influence in energy-rich Central Asia.
2009 Feb 25, Russian news
agencies quoted Chief Military Prosecutor Sergei Fridinsky as saying
that his office has exposed an attempt by military officers to
smuggle $18 million worth of stolen Russian weapons to China via
2009 Apr 13, In Tajikistan an
independent audit was posted indicating that the chairman of the
Central Bank had diverted more than $850 million to a company run by
himself and his family. The Ernst & Young audit said that under
Murodali Alimardonov's stewardship, from 1996 to 2008, the Central
Bank paid about $856 million to his Credit-Invest company, a general
purpose investment concern. A further $221.5 million allocated for
investment in the cotton industry in 2004-2007 remained unaccounted
2009 Jun 16, Chinaís Pres. Hu
Jintao announced a $10 billion loan to the Shanghai Cooperation
Organization, founded in 2001. The SCO grouped China, Russia,
Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
(http://tinyurl.com/pr5v65j)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.51)
2009 Jul 16, In Tajikistan 5
militants were killed in a gunfight at a remote military checkpoint
near the border with Afghanistan. Law enforcement agencies later
issued a joint statement claiming the perpetrators of the attack
were suspected terrorists with Russian citizenship. Authorities said
that earlier this month Mirzo Ziyoyev, a rebel commander in
Tajikistan's 1990s civil war, who later became a government
minister, was killed by members of a militant group he had allegedly
joined recently. The government said Azizov was a member of the
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, or IMU, an al-Qaida-linked militant
group that has operated in ex-Soviet Central Asia and Afghanistan.
2009 Jul 26, In Tajikistan a
small explosion hit the Tajik capital of Dushanbe. A 2nd small
explosion followed the next day. There were no injuries. A
high-profile meeting between the leaders of Afghanistan, Pakistan
and Russia, was scheduled to start July 30 for talks on
communications and transportation.
2009 Jul 29, In Tajikistan the
Pakistani and Tajik presidents pledged to step up efforts to fight
Islamist militants at a regional summit amid concerns about the
spread of violence from neighboring Afghanistan.
2009 Nov 30, Tajikistan
unveiled a Chinese-built 500-kilowatt transmission line that will
link the northern and central parts of the country. This would add
to the poor nation's debt to China but reduce reliance on
Uzbekistan, which planned to withdraw on Dec 1 from the Soviet-era
power grid that unites four Central Asian countries. This prompted
fears of electricity shortages that could make for a winter of
hardship in impoverished Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan, said
the move will cut it off from gas-rich Turkmenistan.
2009 Dilip Hiro authored
ďInside Central Asia: A Political and Cultural History of
Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey
(Econ, 9/26/09, p.98)
2010 Jan 2, In Tajikistan a
magnitude 5.3 earthquake struck the Pamir Mountains. Some 783 people
were left homeless. 98 houses were completely destroyed and nearly
1,000 others damaged by the quake that hit several villages in the
(AP, 1/3/10)(AP, 1/5/10)
2010 Feb 28, Tajikistan held
parliamentary elections. The Central Elections Commission said that
85% of the country's 3.5 million eligible voters had cast
ballots. The main government-backed party was set to coast to the
easiest of victories. President Emomali Rakhmon's two-decade grip on
power remained as strong as ever. An initial tally showed the
government-backed party with 71.7% and the main opposition Islamic
Revival Party with just 7.7%. Intíl. monitors from the OSCE said
that while the vote was peaceful, it was marred by ballot-box
stuffing and proxy voting.
(AP, 2/28/10)(AP, 3/1/10)
2010 Mar 2, Tajikistan's main
opposition party said it plans to sue the Central Asian nation's
elections board amid claims it abetted fraud in this weekend's
2010 Mar 5, Election officials
in Tajikistan declared the governing party the overwhelming winner
of parliamentary elections that international observers say were
marred by widespread fraud. The Central Election Commission said
that a definitive count of ballots cast in the Feb 28 contest showed
the People's Democratic Party winning 70.6% of the vote. It was now
set to take 54 of the 63 seats in the Central Asian nation's lower
chamber of parliament. The Islamic Revival Party came a distant
second with 8.2% of the vote.
2010 Mar 27, Iran used an
ancient new year celebration to reach out to Afghanistan,
Azerbaijan, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Turkey at a summit
meeting that projected Iranian leadership in the strategic region
straddling the Middle East and Central Asia.
2010 Apr 6, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon criticized as "unacceptable"
Uzbekistan's placing of land mines along parts of its border with
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan that have not been delineated.
2010 May 7, In Tajikistan a
mudslide in a remote southern region killed seven people, including
four children after the banks of the Tebalai river ruptured. The
death toll from the mudslides and floods soon rose to 24 and
increases were considered possible.
(AP, 5/7/10)(AP, 5/10/10)
2010 Aug 1, UNESCO added five
cultural sites to its World Heritage List, including the Imperial
Citadel of Thang Long-Hanoi in Vietnam. The other new sites include
the historic monuments of Dengfeng in China, the archaeological site
Sarazm in Tajikistan, the Episcopal city of Albi in France and a
17th-century canal ring in Amsterdam.
2010 Aug 18, Russian President
Dmitry Medvedev offered Pakistan support in dealing with
catastrophic floods as he hosted the leaders of Afghanistan,
Pakistan and Tajikistan for talks on efforts to stabilize the
2010 Aug 22, In Tajikistan a
group of 25 Islamic militants serving time on terrorism charges
escaped from a prison in Dushanbe after dramatic assaults that left
at least five guards dead. The fugitives included Abdurasul
Mirzoyev, the brother of a jailed former head of the presidential
guards, who was sentenced to 30 years in prison last month on
charges of involvement in a plot to overthrow the government. Among
the others who escaped were some of the 46 people sentenced to
lengthy prison terms last week for involvement with an illegal armed
gang led by Mirzo Ziyoyev, a commander of the United Tajik
Opposition, a rebel group in the civil war.
2010 Sep 3, In Tajikistan a
suicide car bomb blast tore through police offices in Khujand,
the countryís second-largest city, killing one policeman and
injuring 25 people.
2010 Sep 19, In eastern
Tajikistan heavily armed Islamic militants ambushed a military
convoy, killing at least 26 soldiers. The attackers were said to
include militants from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Russia's volatile
southern region of Chechnya, led by Mullo Abdullo (b.1950), a
radical Islamic commander who took an active part in the civil war.
Warlord Alovuddin Davlatov was also suspected to have taken part in
(AP, 9/20/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010 Dec 8, In Russia drug
control agencies from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and Tajikistan
agreed to step up cooperation to stop the flow of drugs through
2010 In Tajikistan the
government of Pres. Rahmon (b.1952) stepped up a campaign to close
unregistered mosques, while making it close to impossible for new
mosques to register.
2010 The population of
Tajikistan, one of the poorest of the former Soviet states numbered
about 7.3 million people. 70% lived in abject poverty.
(AP, 1/3/10)(Econ, 3/6/10, p.60)
2011 Jan 12, Tajikistan agreed
to give away a portion of its territory to neighboring China in a
bid to put an end to a land dispute dating back more than a century.
Foreign Minister Khamrokon Zarifi portrayed it as a victory, saying
China had initially claimed more than 11,000 square miles (28,000
2011 Apr 11, Tajikistan state
religious affairs committee head Abdurakhim Kholikov said that
sending text messages with the "triple talaq," a Muslim ritual
whereby a husband can end a marriage by reciting the term for
divorce three times, breaches Islamic law.
2011 Apr 15, In Tajikistan
Abdullo Rakhimov, also known by his nom de guerre Mullo Abdullo, was
killed along with 14 other militants in the eastern Rasht Valley in
a military operation.
2011 Apr 22, Workers in
Tajikistan began dismantling the 22.5-m (74-foot) Lenin monument in
the city center of Khujand, once known as Leninabad in honor of the
Soviet founder. The statue, built in 1974 to mark the 50th
anniversary of the leader's death, was being moved a new location
next to a war memorial on the western fringe of the city.
2011 Jun 25, In Iran Pakistani
Pres. Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai
attended an international anti-terrorism conference alongside
Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani and Tajik
Pres. Emomali Rahmon. The presidents of Afghanistan, Iran and
Pakistan agreed to join forces in combating militancy.
(AP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)
2011 Jul 20, A magnitude-6.1
temblor centered in Kyrgyzstan hit shortly after midnight in a
mountainous area some 20 miles (35 km) away from the eastern Uzbek
city of Ferghana, which has a population of more than 200,000. The
earthquake killed at least 14 people, including 13 in Uzbekistan and
one in Tajikistan.
2011 Sep 3, In Tajikistan
leaders from eight former Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan)
gathered to celebrate enduring cooperation over the two decades
since their nations collectively gained independence, but mutual
acrimony and recriminations cast a shadow over the event.
2012 Mar 24, Iranian President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his Pakistani counterpart Asif Ali Zardari
arrived in Tajikistan for regional security talks with Afghan leader
2012 Apr, Transfers from a
million or so Tajiks living abroad were equivalent to 45% of
Tajikistan GDP. Half of the countryís 7.7 million people lived on
less than $2 per day.
(Econ, 4/21/12, p.57)
2012 Jul 21, In Tajikistan
rebel leader, Tolib Ayombekov, allegedly had the head of provincial
security killed in Gorno-Badakhshan province. This was believed to
be the result of a dispute over who would control how much of the
drug smuggling from Afghanistan.
2012 Jul 24, In Tajikistan 42
gunmen and government soldiers were killed in clashes with an armed
group led by Tolib Ayombekov, a former warlord, whom the Tajik
government has accused of involvement in a recent killing of a
senior intelligence officer. Dozens of civilians casualties were
(AP, 7/24/12)(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/28/12,
2012 Aug 22, Tajikistan
government troops opened fire on a crowd protesting the unexplained
killing of an influential local leader in Gorno-Badakhshan
autonomous province. Hundreds had gathered in front of Khorog
regional headquarters to demand an explanation for the overnight
death of Imumnazar Imumnazarov, a former warlord during the
country's civil war in the 1990s.
2012 Nov 19, In Tajikistan
Inobat Yakubova told the respected Tajik newspaper Asia-Plus that
her son (12) was picked up in late August while at the home of his
Arabic language tutor, who is suspected of being a member of banned
Islamist group Hizb-ut-Tah. She said security services held him for
three days and beat him to coerce details on individuals detained on
2012 The Tajik Group 24
movement was founded in Moscow by Tajik businessman and politician
Umarali Quvvatov after he left Tajikistan.
2013 Jan 26, In Russia a fire
ripped through a new Moscow building's underground parking lot,
killing 10 Tajikistan migrant workers and injuring 13 others who had
been working and living there.
2013 Oct 1, Tajikistan's
parliament ratified a deal with Russia to extend by three decades
Moscow's military presence in the Central Asian nation. A
forthcoming vote in the docile upper house is seen as a formality in
Tajikistan, where Pres. Imomali Rakhmon wields vast powers.
2013 Nov 6, Tajik President
Imomali Rakhmon, his only serious rival disqualified, headed for
re-election in a Central Asian country beset by poverty and facing
security threats from neighboring Afghanistan.
2013 Nov 16, Tajikistan's
long-running President Emomali Rakhmon was inaugurated for a fourth
term, as he promised to alleviate the grinding poverty in the former
2013 Dec 19, German media and
officials in Berlin said about 200 cars stolen in Germany have been
tracked down in Tajikistan, where most are now driven by family and
friends of President Emomali Rakhmon.
2014 Apr 12, In southern
Tajikistan 6 children were killed and at least seven people left
missing and presumed dead as a result of a mudslide.
2014 May 21, In Tajikistan 2
people in the eastern city of Khorog were killed when police opened
fire on a crowd that tried to storm a police station to free a local
man, the brother of a former warlord, held there and then went on to
set fire to several government buildings.
2014 Jun 16, In Tajikistan
Alexander Sodikov, a Tajik political science student in Canada
employed by Britainís Univ. of Exeter, was detained by secret police
while conducting research in Gorno-Badakhshan.
(Econ, 6/28/14, p.36)
2014 Aug 25, Tajik police said
gun fire from Kyrgyzstan killed a border guard and one civilian and
wounded four other civilians. The Kyrgyz border force blamed the
incident on Tajikistan, saying Tajik servicemen had tried to erect a
border post "on an undelimited part of the border" and started to
destroy a bridge across a river used by Kyrgyz citizens.
2014 Sep 11, The Shanghai
Co-operation Organization (SCO) opened its 14th annual summit. The
2-day meeting in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, included the groups six
member countries: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan
and Uzbekistan. The SCO agreed to adopt procedures for expansion
with India and Pakistan likely to join next year.
(Econ, 9/20/14, p.39)
2014 Oct 5, Tajikistan
authorities suspended the operation of SMS systems and temporarily
blocked hundreds of websites including Facebook, YouTube, and
Russian-language social networks ahead of an October 10 planned
protest called by Group 24. The government also increased law
enforcement presence in the capital and no protest ever
2014 Oct 9, Tajikistan's
Supreme Court banned Group 24 for alleged 'extremism'.
2015 Mar 5, In Turkey Umarali
Kuvatov (Quvvatov), leader of a Tajik movement called Group 24, was
shot in the back of the head outside a restaurant in Istanbul.
Kuvatov had fled Tajikistan in 2012 reportedly after a deal with the
presidentís son went wrong. He went into exile to first Russia and
later the United Arab Emirates after Tajikistan asked for his
(www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-31760810)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.42)
2015 Apr, Tajikistan police
commander Col. Gulmurod Khalimov disappeared. In May he reappeared
in an online video saying he had defected to join the Islamic State
group in Syria. In 2017 Russia said Khamilov had been killed in an
aistrike in Syria.
(SFC, 5/30/15, p.A2)(Econ, 9/23/17, p.37)
2015 Sep 4, In Tajikistan 9
policemen were killed in attacks the authorities blamed on gunmen
loyal to the country's own deputy defense minister. 13 rebels were
also killed. The interior ministry blamed the attacks on a group led
by Major General Abdulkhalim Mirzo Nazarzoda, the deputy defense
minister, who was soon dismissed by Imomali Rakhmon, the president,
for committing a crime.
(Reuters, 9/4/15)(AP, 9/5/15)
2015 Sep 5, In Tajikistan an
armed group attacked a police post outside Dushanbe, and there were
losses among the officers guarding it. Police said they had closed
in on sacked Deputy Defense Minister Abdulkhalim Mirzo Nazarzoda
accused of leading the previous daysí gun attacks.
2015 Sep 8, Tajikistan charged
Major General Abduhalim Nazarzoda, a rebel former deputy defense
minister, with high treason and terrorism after deadly street
battles broke out in the ex-Soviet country last week.
2015 Sep 15, In Tajikistan
Major General Abduhalim Nazarzoda (51) was killed by security forces
after a failed coup in which gunmen loyal to him clashed with
government forces in battles that killed dozens of people.
2015 Dec 7, Eastern Tajikistan
was struck by a 7.2-magnitude earthquake. State television said one
person was killed ten were injured.
2015 Dec 9, Tajikistan's lower
house of parliament approved a bill that strengthens President
Imomali Rakhmon's grip on power by awarding him the title of "Leader
of the Nation" with lifetime immunity from prosecution.
2015 Dec 10, In Tajikistan a
Dushanbe district court sentenced a man and a woman, recruited by
the militant group Islamic State, to 10 and eight-and-a-half years
in prison respectively for planning to assassinate President Imomali
2015 A Tajikistan court banned
the moderate Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan, the main
challenger to Pres. Emomali Rahmon, branding it a terrorist
group. Party leader Muhiddin Kabiri fled abroad.
(Econ., 10/10/20, p.34)
2016 May 5, Human Rights Watch
and the Norwegian Helsinki Committee called for the release of at
least four human rights lawyers imprisoned in Tajikistan as part of
a crackdown on dissenters, as well as two children of another
2016 May 14, Tajikistan's
President Emomali Rakhmon signed a law to create a holiday honoring
his autocratic rule in a move that fuels fears of a burgeoning
personality cult in the Central Asian state.
2016 May 22, Tajikistan held a
referendum on changing the Constitution to allow its authoritarian
President Emomali Rakhmon (63) to run for the office indefinitely,
effectively allowing him to rule for life.
2016 Jun 2, A Tajikistan court
sentenced two leaders of the Central Asian nation's banned Islamic
opposition party to life imprisonment over an alleged attempted
2016 Aug 3, China hosted a
meeting with Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan. The four
countries agreed to set up an anti-terrorism alliance, as China
seeks to boost coordination with neighbors to tackle what it says is
a growing domestic militant threat.
2016 Aug 4, Tajikistan said it
has meted out jail terms to 170 people convicted of complicity in an
armed attempt by a deputy defence minister to topple President
Imomali Rakhmon last September.
2016 Tajikistan closed its last
unregistered madrassa (Muslim school).
(Econ, 9/23/17, p.37)
2017 Aug 9, Tajikistan accused
Iran of sending assassins and saboteurs into the former Soviet
republic in the 1990s, when it was embroiled in a 1992-1997 civil
war against an Islamist-led rebel force.
2017 Sep 20, In Russia hundreds
of Tajiks protested outside a Moscow shopping center where security
guards had severely beaten a Tajik worker. 90 Tajiks were detained.
2017 Sep, Tajikistanís
government Committee on Religious Affairs distributed a pamphlet
this month imposing limits on how citizens can act at
funerals, including bans on black clothes and loud wailing. It said
hired mourners cannot be used and those grieving must not tear their
hair or scratch their faces.
2017 Dec 22, The US State
Department re-designated China, Eritrea, Iran, Myanmar, North Korea,
Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as
"countries of particular concern" under the International Religious
Freedom Act for having engaged in or tolerated egregious violations
of religious freedom.
2018 Feb 8, Tajikistanís
interior minister said amnesty has been granted to 111 of its
nationals following their return home from Syria and Iraq, where
they had joined radical Islamist groups. He also said some 250
citizens of Tajikistan, a majority-Muslim country, had died fighting
for radical groups in Iraq and Syria, mostly the Islamic State
2018 Mar 2, Muhiddin Kabiri,
the Europe-based leader of the banned Islamic Renaissance Party of
Tajikistan (IRPT), said Interpol has removed his name from its
wanted list, in a setback for the Dushanbe government's efforts to
portray its opponents as militants.
2018 Mar 14, The International
Crisis Group, an independent think tank, said China's military is
ramping up its security presence in Tajikistan with troop
deployments amid fears that militants based in nearby Afghanistan
could strike at western China.
2018 Apr 29, Iraq sentenced 19
Russian women to life in prison for joining the Islamic State group.
Six women from Azerbaijan and four from Tajikistan were also
condemned to life in prison on the same charge.
2018 Jul 17, Russia and
Tajikistan began joint military exercises near the Tajik-Afghan
border to prepare to ward off potential Taliban attacks.
2018 Jul 29, In Tajikistan a
hit-and-run driver killed four foreign cyclists from the United
States, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Security forces pursuing
suspects in the attack killed four, including one as he was
resisting arrest, and detained a fifth man. Islamic State jihadists
soon claimed responsibility.
(Reuters, 7/30/18)(AFP, 7/31/18)
2018 Aug 1, Tajikistan pledged
to create a "tourist police" force to protect visitors after four
tourists were killed in an attack claimed by the Islamic State
2018 Aug 12, In Tajikistan a
helicopter carrying climbers crash-landed in the Central Asian
nation's Pamir Mountains, killing five of the 18 people on board.
2018 Aug 24, Tajikistan freed
prominent human rights lawyer Shukhrat Kudratov as Western
governments and rights groups stepped up pressure on the
authoritarian Central Asian country. He had spent nearly four years
behind bars on embezzlement charges.
2018 Aug 26, In Tajikistan
10-12 men armed with a hand-held grenade launcher and automatic
rifles opened fire on three forest rangers, killing two of them and
injuring one as they crossed the Panj River separating the country
from Afghanistan. An air attack followed the clash in the Durqad
district of Takhar province. Eight Taliban were killed and six
wounded in the air strike.
(AP, 8/27/18)(Reuters, 8/27/18)
2018 Nov 8, Tajikistan security
sources reported that 24 prisoners and two guards were killed after
dozens of inmates rioted overnight at a maximum security prison.
2019 May 19, In
Tajikistan three prison guards and 29 inmates were killed in a
prison riot. The government blamed the riot on Islamic State
2020 Mar 1, Tajikistan voted in
a parliamentary election that will produce a legislature loyal to
President Imomali Rahmon (67) who has run the ex-Soviet Central
Asian nation for a quarter of a century. Rahmon's People's
Democratic Party won 75% of the seats. Five other parties won seats
, offering different manifestos but uniform support of Rahmon.
(Reuters, 3/1/20)(Econ., 3/7/20, p.34)
2020 Apr 15, It was reported
that Tajikistan has applied for the IMF's emergency financing,
becoming the second Central Asian nation to do so amid the global
crisis prompted by the novel coronavirus outbreak. Kyrgyzstan, which
has already received $121 million from the fund.
2020 Apr 16, A Tajik court
sentenced a local journalist to a year in prison over a dissertation
in which he quoted the works of Muslim Brotherhood leaders. Reporter
Daler Sharifov was convicted of hate speech, a charge to which he
pleaded not guilty.
2020 Apr 17, In Tajikistan
Rustam Emomali (32), the eldest son of President Emomali Rakhmon,
was elected as speaker in the senate, cementing the family's grip on
power in the Central Asian nation ahead of a presidential election.
Rakhmon's daughter Ozoda Rakhmon is also a senator and serves as the
president's chief of staff, while her husband holds the No.2
position at the central bank.
2020 Apr 25, Tajikistan said it
is closing schools for two weeks to prevent the spread of the novel
coronavirus and temporarily banning exports of grains and pulses to
ensure sufficient supplies at home. The country has reported no
2020 Apr 30, Tajikistan has
confirmed its first 15 coronavirus cases.