Timeline South Africa (B): 2015-Present

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2015        Jan 5, In South Africa 2 suspected rhino poachers were shot dead after they opened fire on rangers in South Africa's Kruger National Park.
    (Reuters, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 22, In South Africa Jackie Selebi (64), a former police chief and member of parliament, died. He was convicted of corruption in 2010, accused of accepting bribes from a drug smuggler in exchange for tipoffs into police investigations.
    (AP, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 23, South Africa police said days of violence and looting of foreign-owned shops have left at least 2 people dead and 153 arrested in the Johannesburg area. Police blamed youths addicted to drugs.
    (AP, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 27, In South Africa Martin van Breda (55), a successful businessman, his wife, Teresa (54) and Rudi (22), the couple’s eldest son, were found dead in their De Zalze estate house. Daughter Marli (16) was hospitalized with an ax wound to the head. Henri van Breda (20), who was slightly injured in the attack, later faced three counts of murder for the ax killings of his parents and older brother.
    (AP, 2/3/15)(AP, 6/14/16)

2015        Jan 30, The South African government granted parole to Eugene de Kock, the head of a covert unit for the apartheid state responsible for dozens of deaths, saying it is in the interest of national reconciliation.
    (AP, 1/30/15)

2015        Feb 6, South African author, Andre Brink (b.1935), died aboard a KLM flight travelling from the Netherlands to Cape Town. He used his work to question the policies of South Africa's apartheid regime. His 1975 book, "Looking on Darkness," the first of Brink's books distributed to the United States, was banned by the South African government until 1982.
    (AP, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 7, South African police discovered the frozen corpses of four newborn babies in two freezers at a house in the southern city of Mthatha.
    (AFP, 2/8/15)

2015        Feb 12, In South Africa Pres. Zuma’s State of the Nation address was interrupted with questions about longstanding allegations of corruption in a $23 million state-funded security upgrade to his rural home in Nkandla. Speaker Baleka Mbete told the EFF and its firebrand leader Julius Malema to stop asking questions. When they refused, she ordered them to be removed, prompting a brawl in which several people were injured.
    (Reuters, 2/13/15)

2015        Feb 22, South Africa's Harmony Gold said about 200 miners had not been located after an underground fire started at its Kusasalethu mine during maintenance.
    (Reuters, 2/22/15)

2015        Feb 25, The South African government raised taxes and scaled back spending plans in its annual budget as it wrestled with stalling growth, rising debt, power blackouts and rampant unemployment.
    (AFP, 2/25/15)

2015        Mar 4, In South Africa about 500 people fled their homes in Cape Town as a wildfire defied rain and firefighters with smoke and flames rising for a fourth day.
    (AP, 3/4/15)

2015        Mar 8, In South Africa a helicopter pilot died in a crash while fighting wildfires in the Cape of Good Hope section of Table Mountain National Park.
    (AFP, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 10, A South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) crew were reporting outside a Johannesburg hospital when they were accosted by muggers who robbed them of mobile phones, laptops and other equipment. The incident that occurred in a badly lit street was caught on camera, and later aired on television.
    (AFP, 3/11/15)

2015        Mar 12, South Africa's state-owned power company Eskom suspended its chief executive and three other top officials as its board launched an inquiry into the troubled utility.
    (AFP, 3/12/15)

2015        Mar 23, Australian-born former tennis Grand Slam champion Bob Hewitt was found guilty in South Africa of raping and assaulting young girls whom he was coaching in the early 1980s.
    (Reuters, 3/23/15)

2015        Mar 27, South Africa's state power company Eskom said more than 1,000 workers building a much-needed new power plant had been sacked for staging an illegal strike two days earlier, as the country grapples with rolling electricity cuts.
    (AFP, 3/27/15)

2015        Mar, In South Africa a wave of attacks against the country's colonial heritage began when young protestors at the University of Cape Town threw excrement at a statue of Cecil Rhodes, eventually forcing the university to remove the statue of the British imperialist.
    (AFP, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 3, In South Africa a 500-meter (yard) stretch of Mpenjati Beach officially opened as a nudist beach. In October, 2014, the Hibiscus Coast local municipality approved an application by the South African National Naturist Association (SANNA).
    (AFP, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 5, In South Africa statue of Afrikaner hero Paul Kruger was defaced in Pretoria, the latest in a series of anti-colonial protests that has forced the country to square its racist past with the spirit of reconciliation championed by Nelson Mandela.
    (AFP, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 10, In South Africa two Ethiopian nationals suffered serious burns when their shop was set alight by a petrol mob in Umlazi, south of Durban, as violence against foreign immigrants spread.
    (AFP, 4/11/15)

2015        Apr 13, South Africa’s police said 4 people were killed and shops owned by immigrants in townships in Durban looted and burnt, as violence between residents and foreign nationals escalated.
    (Reuters, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 14, South African police increased patrols in Durban after deadly attacks on immigrant-owned shops there started last week and continued overnight.
    (AP, 4/14/15)

2015        Apr 16, South African police fired rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse a crowd of anti-immigrant protesters in an eastern suburb of Johannesburg.
    (Reuters, 4/16/15)

2015        Apr 17, Zimbabwe said it will evacuate its nationals caught in anti-foreigner violence that has left 6 people dead in South Africa.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)

2015        Apr 18, South African police detained more than 30 people overnight as xenophobic violence simmered around the economic hub Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 4/18/15)

2015        Apr 19, In South Africa Sister Gertrud Tiefenbacher (86), from the Sacred Heart Home Convent in the village of Ixopo, southwest of Durban, was found murdered in her room after being suffocated with a towel, and her hands tied with an electric typewriter cord. On April 28 police said three people have been arrested for her rape and murder. On May 12 Sibongiseni Phungula (25) and Mondli Shozi (26) pleaded guilty to rape and murder saying they had broken into the convent to steal food.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n4prtt5)(AP, 4/28/15)(AFP, 5/12/15)
2015        Apr 19, In South Africa Emmanuel Sithole, a Mozambican street vendor, begged for his life as four men beat him and stabbed him in the heart.
    (http://tinyurl.com/myysfya)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.44)

2015        Apr 21, South Africa deployed the army in "volatile areas" to curb a wave of anti-immigrant violence that has killed at least seven people this month.
    (Reuters, 4/21/15)

2015        Apr 23, In South Africa several thousand demonstrators marched through central Johannesburg to protest against a spate of deadly attacks on immigrants, after further raids by the authorities on suspected gang hideouts.
    (AFP, 4/23/15)

2015        Apr 28, In South Africa a train guard was killed and 240 people injured when two crowded commuter trains collided in Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 4/28/15)

2015        Apr 30, In South Africa Judge Hans Fabricius ruled that Robin Stransham-Ford (65), terminally ill with prostate cancer, could be euthanized with no legal or professional consequences for the doctor who will participate. Current law regards assisted suicide in the same way as homicide or murder. Stransham-Ford died of natural causes shortly after the judgement.
    (AP, 4/30/15)(SSFC, 5/3/15, p.A4)

2015        May 10, The South African government said that more rhinos had been poached in 2015 than in the previous year with 393 poached by the end of April.
    (AFP, 5/10/15)
2015        May 10,  In South Africa Mmusi Maimane (34) became the leader of the leader of the opposition Democratic Alliance (DA).
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.44)

2015        May 12, In South Africa Lawyers for Human Rights obtained a court order to halt any deportations for two weeks and allow foreigners arrested during recent raids to get access to legal representation after government authorities said they have arrested about 750 immigrants staying illegally in the country.
    (AP, 5/12/15)

2015        May 18, In South Africa former Grand Slam doubles tennis champion Bob Hewitt (75) was found guilty of assaulting three under-age girls during his time coaching local children in the 1980s and 1990s. Hewitt was sentenced to six years in prison.
    (AP, 5/18/15)

2015        May 28, South Africa’s the police minister announced that President Jacob Zuma will not have to repay any of the public money spent on upgrades to his private residence that included a swimming pool and chicken run. Zuma had nominated the minister of police, a Zuma appointee, to determine how much he should repay.
    (AFP, 5/28/15)

2015        Jun 1, In South Africa a lion leapt through an open car window and mauled to death an American tourist at a privately-run game park just outside Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)

2015        Jun 14, A South African judge ordered authorities to prevent Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who is in South Africa for an African Union summit, from leaving the country because of an international order for his arrest. The South African government had granted immunity "for all (summit) participants. Bashir arrived home the next day.
    (AP, 6/14/15)(Reuters, 6/15/15)

2015        Jul 9, South African police destroyed more than 14,000 firearms to mark International Gun Destruction Day in the furnace of a steel manufacturing plant outside Johannesburg.
    (AP, 7/9/15)

2015        Jul 17, In South Africa 239 commuters were injured in a rush hour train collision  when a moving train crashed into the back of a stationary train traveling from the Johannesburg city center to the township of Soweto.
    (AP, 7/18/15)

2015        Jul 24, Mining groups Anglo American and Lonmin announced plans to cut their headcounts by a combined 12,000 staff owing to falling metals prices in a weak global economy. Lonmin, the world's third largest platinum producer, said it would cut 6,000 jobs in South Africa.
    (AFP, 7/24/15)

2015        Aug 4, A South African judge threw out a corruption case against firebrand politician Julius Malema after three years of delays, giving a major boost to President Jacob Zuma's fiercest critic.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)

2015        Aug 16, In South Africa a small Namibian medical plane crashed in the Tygerberg Nature Reserve east of Cape Town, killing all 5 people aboard.
    (AFP, 8/16/15)

2015        Aug 25, In South Africa eight policeman were found guilty of murdering Mido Macia (27), a Mozambican man, who died after being dragged behind a moving police van on February 26, 2013, an incident that provoked global outrage.
    (AFP, 8/25/15)

2015        Sep 10, South African scientists said they've discovered a new member of the human family tree based on fossils found in 2013 at a cave near the town of Magaliesburg. Researchers named the creature Homo naledi (nah-LEH-dee) and estimated the species to be some 2.5 million to 2.8 million years old.
    (AP, 9/10/15)

2015        Aug 28, In South Africa five passengers carrying over $5 million in cash were detained while boarding an Emirates flight at Johannesburg's main international airport. Rumors followed that the cash was headed for the Islamic State group, but by Sep 22 authorities had not found any tangible evidence.
    (AP, 9/22/15)

2015        Sep 23, South African authorities said Cape Town's Pollsmoor Prison, that once held Nelson Mandela, is being evacuated after two prisoners died from leptospirosis, a disease carried by rats.
    (AP, 9/23/15)

2015        Sep 24, The South African military said it is withdrawing about 50 peacekeepers from a United Nations mission in Congo because they violated disciplinary codes.
    (AP, 9/24/15)

2015        Sep 27, Ten fishermen died and three were missing after the crew of a fishing trawler abandoned their vessel in rough seas off the South African coast.
    (AP, 9/28/15)
2015        Sep 27, Rebels in Sudan's Darfur region ambushed a South African unit that is part of a UN-African Union peacekeeping mission, killing one soldier and seriously injuring another.
    (AP, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 29, South African police crime statistics showed murder rising by 4.6% with 49 people murdered each day. Violent crimes increased for a third year in a row.
    (SFC, 9/30/15, p.A2)

2015        Oct 1, In South Africa King Buyelekhaya Dalindyebo of Nelson Mandela's Thembu ethnic group was sentenced to 12 years in jail for torching homes, beating people and kidnapping a family in a supposed attempt to discipline them. The Supreme Court of Appeal was ruling on an appeal by Dalindyebo against his 2009 conviction and sentencing to a 15-year jail term.
    (AFP, 10/1/15)

2015        Oct 3, In South Africa hundreds of people demonstrated in Johannesburg in defense of rhinos, elephants and lions against poaching and to demand authorities take more radical action.
    (AFP, 10/3/15)

2015        Oct 11, South Africa said it plans to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC). The government faced criticism for ignoring a court order to arrest Sudan's president earlier this year.
    (Reuters, 10/11/15)

2015        Oct 13, South African coal mineworkers ended a 10-day strike after reaching a pay agreement with employers.
    (AFP, 10/13/15)

2015        Oct 14, In South Africa several thousand demonstrators marched through Johannesburg to protest against government corruption as public anger builds over the weakening economy.
    (AFP, 10/14/15)

2015        Oct 19, In South Africa chanting protesters, including medical students with stethoscopes around their necks, demonstrated against planned increases in tuition fees at a number of top universities.
    (AP, 10/19/15)
2015        Oct 19, In South Africa footage from closed circuit television showed police firing at the man from close range as he lay on the ground in Krugersdorp, a town west of Johannesburg. On Nov 2 four police officers were arrested on murder charges.
    (AFP, 11/2/15)

2015        Oct 20, In South Africa disgraced Paralympian Oscar Pistorius spent his first day out of jail at his uncle's home in Pretoria where he will serve the rest of his sentence under house arrest for killing his girlfriend.
    (AFP, 10/20/15)

2015        Oct 21, South African riot police fired stun grenades at hundreds of protesting students who stormed the parliament precinct in Cape Town to try to disrupt the reading of Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene's interim budget.
    (Reuters, 10/21/15)

2015        Oct 22, South African officials said 19 elephants have been poached this year in Kruger National Park. Record levels of rhinos have also been poached.
    (SFC, 10/23/15, p.A2)

2015        Oct 23, In South Africa thousands of university students protesting planned tuition hikes flocked to the country's main government complex, with some setting fires and throwing stones as police responded with stun grenades, tear gas and a water cannon. Pres. Zuma met with student leaders and university managers. His office later announced that there would be no fee increase for university students in 2016.
    (AP, 10/23/15)

2015        Oct 28, South African police fired stun grenades and arrested one student in clashes at Johannesburg's University of the Witwatersrand, as country-wide protests for free tertiary education entered a third week.
    (Reuters, 10/28/15)

2015        Oct, In South Africa twelve men attacked two couples strolling in a Johannesburg park. 2 men were bound and thrown into a lake where they drowned. One woman was raped and the other escaped. On Nov 9 one man (24, suspected to be part of the group of attackers, appeared in court.
    (AP, 11/9/15)

2015        Nov 3, South African-based MTN Group said that the Nigerian Communications Commission is extending its operating license to 2021 at a cost of $94.2 million even as the company faces a multibillion-dollar fine there. Last week, the commission fined MTN $5.2 billion for failing to disconnect millions of unregistered cellphone subscribers.
    (AP, 11/3/15)

2015        Nov 9, Sifiso Dabengwa, the CEO of South Africa-based MTN Group, Africa's biggest telecommunications company, resigned because of a $5.2 billion fine meted out to MTN Group's Nigerian subsidiary.
    (AP, 11/10/15)

2015        Nov 11, South African anti-riot police fired stun grenades to disperse scores of striking parliamentary workers demanding higher pay outside the assembly building in Cape Town.
    (Reuters, 11/11/15)

2015        Nov 13, In South Africa student protesters won the right to be taught in English at Stellenbosch University, the intellectual home of Afrikaners during apartheid.
    (AFP, 11/13/15)

2015        Nov 26, A South African court opened the way to allowing local trade in rhino horns, alarming some conservationists who warned the ruling leaves rhinos even more vulnerable to poachers who are slaughtering them in record numbers.
    (AP, 11/26/15)

2015        Dec 2, Chinese President Xi Jinping held talks with South Africa's President Jacob Zuma that were expected to focus on boosting investment and trade worth around $20 billion dollars a year.
    (Reuters, 12/2/15)

2015        Dec 3, In South Africa Oscar Pistorius was convicted of murder by an appeals court that described the once-glittering story of the double-amputee Olympian and Reeva Steenkamp, the girlfriend he killed in his home in 2013, as a human tragedy of Shakespearean proportions.
    (AP, 12/3/15)

2015        Dec 4, South African authorities issued a warrant of arrest for Oscar Pistorius (29), a day after the Paralympic champion was convicted on appeal of murdering his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.
    (Reuters, 12/4/15)
2015        Dec 4, Chinese President Xi Jinping, speaking at a summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in South Africa, told African leaders his country would pump $60 billion into development projects, cancel some debt and boost agriculture under a three-year plan that will extend Beijing's influence in the continent.
    (Reuters, 12/4/15)
2015        Dec 4, South Africa-based MTN announced that its fine by Nigeria's communications agency had been reduced to 674 billion naira ($3.4 billion). Spokesman Tony Ojobo said there was a typo and the actual amount is 780 billion naira ($3.9 billion).
    (AFP, 12/4/15)

2015        Dec 9, South Africa’s Pres. Jacob Zuma fired respected finance minister Nhlanhla Nene. He was replaced by David van Rooyen.
    (Econ, 12/12/15, p.49)

2015        Dec 11, South Africa expelled a North Korean diplomat. He was arrested in neighboring Mozambique in May on charges related to rhino horn smuggling.
    (AP, 12/23/15)

2015        Dec 14, South Africa's third finance minister in less than a week reassured the country that the economy will be steadied, which saw the currency stabilize.
    (AP, 12/14/15)

2015        Dec 15, A spokesman for South Africa's National Prosecuting Authority said the country's High Commissioner to Australia has been charged with corruption. Sibusiso Ndebele appeared in a Durban court and was released on $655 bail.
    (AP, 12/15/15)

2015        Robin Renwick, former British ambassador to South Africa, authored “The End of Apartheid: Diary of a Revolution."
    (Econ., 3/14/15, p.85)
2015        In South Africa Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini received $4.8 million this year for the upkeep of his household, which included seven palaces, six wives and at least 28 children. King Goodwill and nine other traditional kings and one queen received a yearly public stipend of about $110,000.
    (Econ., 5/2/15, p.42)
2015        Tuberculosis claimed the lives of an estimated 1.8 million people around the world this year, 60% of whom lived in China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa.
    (AFP, 3/23/17)
2015        The population of South Africa was about 54 million.
    (Econ., 4/25/15, p.44)
2015        In South Africa 1,175 rhinos were killed by poachers this year, a slight decrease on 2014, but another year of carnage fueled by Asian-led demand for their horn.
    (AFP, 1/21/16)

2016        Jan 7, South Africa's financial hub Johannesburg hit a record temperature of 38 degrees Celsius, as a drought persisted in Africa's largest producer of maize.
    (Reuters, 1/7/16)

2016        Feb 3, The office of South Africa's President Jacob Zuma said he will pay back some of the public funds used to upgrade his private home, attempting to end a two-year scandal that has plagued his government.
    (AFP, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 5, In northeastern South Africa 87 miners were rescued after a cave-in at a Vantage Goldfields mine in Barbeton town, Mpumalanga province. 3 men remained missing in a mobile office buried in a sinkhole.
    (Reuters, 2/5/16)(AP, 2/10/16)

2016        Feb 9, South African opposition protesters marched on the country's Constitutional Court in Johannesburg, where judges heard a case over public money spent on President Jacob Zuma's private house.
    (AFP, 2/9/16)

2016        Feb 15, The UN World Food Program (WFP) said as many as 49 million people in southern Africa could be affected by a drought that has been worsened by the most severe and longest El Nino weather pattern in 35 years.
    (Reuters, 2/15/16)

2016        Feb 17, The World Bank said South Africa's worst drought in over a century has pushed around 50,000 below the poverty line.
    (Reuters, 2/17/16)

2016        Feb 23, South Africa said it will relax some of its tough rules on genetically modified crops so it can ramp up maize imports from the United States and Mexico to avert a potential food crisis amid a severe drought.
    (Reuters, 2/23/16)

2016        Feb 24, South Africa said it will withdraw its troops from peacekeeping operations in Sudan's Darfur region. Pres. Zuma's office also announced that elected officials will receive salary increases of 4.4 percent, compared with inflation of more than 6 percent.
    (Reuters, 2/24/16)

2016        Feb 25, In South Africa protesting students burned down several buildings at a university overnight, forcing administrators to close the campus and telling students to leave.
    (AP, 2/25/16)

2016        Mar 5, In South Africa a lawyer representing 4,365 claimants affected by silicosis said that Anglo American South Africa and AngloGold Ashanti have agreed to pay the equivalent of $32,595,800.
    (AP, 3/5/16)

2016        Mar 8, The South African government said that exploration for shale gas will begin in the next 12 months, ending years of speculation over the project.
    (AFP, 3/8/16)

2016        Mar 10, In Sudan 2 South African soldiers were killed over the last 24 hours during attacks on food aid trucks in the Darfur region.
    (AP, 3/10/16)

2016        Mar 16, South Africa’s deputy finance minister alleged in an official Finance Ministry press release that members of the Gupta family had offered him the position of his boss, finance minister Nhlanhla Nene.
    (Econ, 3/19/16, p.52)

2016        Mar 18, In South Africa the Indian Gupta brothers, who are accused of corrupting President Jacob Zuma, lashed out at "xenophobic and hate speech" against them, and denied benefiting from links to the government.
    (AFP, 3/18/16)

2016        Mar 22, In South Africa anti-mining activist Sikhosiphi Rhadebe was killed at his home in the Xolobeni area of Eastern Cape province. Rhadebe, also known as "Bazooka," was the chairman of the Amadiba Crisis Committee, an anti-mining group.
    (AP, 3/28/16)

2016        Mar 23, South Africa's Talk Radio 702 said the elite 'Hawks' police unit has launched a corruption probe into President Jacob Zuma's son, Duduzane, and the Guptas, a family of businessmen accused of wielding improper political influence.
    (Reuters, 3/23/16)

2016        Mar 24, In South Africa an anti-poaching security unit found two white rhino cows killed and a bull seriously injured in a wildlife park. Two orphaned calves, aged three and 11 months and still suckling, were sent to a sanctuary.
    (AP, 3/26/16)

2016        Mar 31, South Africa's top court ruled that President Jacob Zuma flouted the constitution in using public funds to upgrade his private residence and must repay the money, sparking calls for his impeachment.
    (AFP, 3/31/16)

2016        Apr 6, South Africa's First National Bank (FNB) said it has has closed the accounts of a company owned by the wealthy Gupta family, the latest example of companies cutting ties with the Guptas following allegations over their relationship with Pres. Jacob Zuma.
    (Reuters, 4/6/16)

2016        Apr 8, In South Africa Ajay and Atul Gupta, two brothers from the family of wealthy Indian immigrants who own a vast business empire with interests in mining, media, technology and engineering, were seen at a Johannesburg airport boarding their private jet for Dubai.
    (AFP, 4/10/16)

2016        Apr 17, In South Africa at least 11 people were killed and 59 more injured when a bus transporting African National Congress (ANC) supporters from an election rally in Port Elizabeth overturned.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)

2016        Apr 23, In South Africa 49 starved and sick monkeys were rescued from filthy living conditions in a private zoo, and were whisked away to a care facility after failed attempts by the owner of Little Falls garden center to improve their living conditions.
    (Reuters, 4/24/16)

2016        Apr 29, A South African court ruled President Jacob Zuma (74) should face 738 corruption charges that were dropped in 2009.
    (AP, 4/29/16)

2016        May 1, In South Africa 33 lions arrived at the Emoya Big Cat Sanctuary after being flown from Colombia and Peru, where they were freed after the use of wild animals was outlawed. 24 of the lions were rescued during surprise raids on Peruvian circuses, while nine were "voluntarily surrendered" by a Colombian circus.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hma9hg2)(SFC, 5/2/16, p.A2)

2016        May 13, In South Africa a judge ruled that gold miners who got lung diseases while working underground, as well as families of miners who died of such diseases, can launch a class action suit against mining companies.
    (AP, 5/13/16)

2016        May 16, The International Federation of Red Cross and the Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) pledged $110 million to a new initiative to help drought-stricken southern African countries including Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 5/16/16)

2016        May 19, South African media said authorities have arrested at least 30 students after the torching of a building at the University of Fort Hare during overnight protests. It was not immediately clear why the students were protesting.
    (Reuters, 5/19/16)

2016        May 20, South Africa's Supreme Court of Appeal dismissed a government bid to keep a seven-year ban in place on the domestic trade in rhino horn. The decision had no bearing on a ban on international trade in rhino horn.
    (Reuters, 5/23/16)

2016        May 23, In South Africa the demolition of shacks north of Pretoria triggered riots that continued into the night with 2 security guards were killed.
    (Reuters, 5/24/16)

2016        May 26, South Africa's public broadcaster said it would stop screening violent protests involving the firebombing of public buildings -- a move condemned as censorship ahead of crucial elections.
    (AFP, 5/27/16)

2016        May, South Africa’s parliament passed a bill making it easier for the state to force whites to sell land for redistribution to blacks.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.51)

2016        Jun 4, The US government said it has received information that terrorist groups are planning to carry out attacks against places where its citizens congregate in shopping areas in South Africa.
    (Reuters, 6/4/16)

2016        Jun 8, South Africa's department of environmental affairs said an on-again-off-again moratorium on domestic trade in rhino horn had been reinstated after it appealed to the top court in the land to render judgment on the thorny issue.
    (Reuters, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 11, In South Africa 8 people including three children died in a house fire in Cape Town.
    (AFP, 6/11/16)

2016        Jun 21, South African rioters blocked roads, looted shops and burned vehicles in several areas of the country's capital, Pretoria, in a show of anger over the selection of the ruling party's mayoral candidate ahead of local elections. Police shot dead two people suspected of looting shops in Pretoria.
    (AP, 6/21/16)(Reuters, 6/22/16)

2016        Jun 22, In South Africa rioting continued on the outskirts of Pretoria as looters targeted shops in neighborhoods belonging to immigrants.
    (SFC, 6/23/16, p.A2)

2016        Jun 27, South Africa’s National Treasury said President Jacob Zuma should pay back $500,000 of public funds used to upgrade his private residence with facilities including a chicken coop and swimming pool.
    (AFP, 6/27/16)

2016        Jul 6, In South Africa Oscar Pistorius (29), a world-famous disabled Olympian, was sentenced to six years in prison for the 2013 murder of girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.
    (AP, 7/6/16)

2016        Jul 8, Indian PM Narendra Modi took his Africa tour to South Africa, seeking to boost trade between two countries.
    (AFP, 7/8/16)

2016        Jul 11, South African police said twin brothers Brandon-Lee and Tony-Lee Thulsie (23), arrested on terrorism charges over the weekend, were plotting to blow up the US embassy in Pretoria and Jewish institutions, and planned to join the Islamic State.
    (AFP, 7/11/16)
2016        Jul 11, South Africa's telecoms regulator ordered the public broadcaster to reverse its May 26 decision to stop airing footage of violent protests, a policy which critics said amounted to censorship.
    (Reuters, 7/11/16)

2016        Jul 16, South Africa's MeerKAT radio telescope showed off its phenomenal power, revealing 1,300 galaxies in a tiny corner of the universe where only 70 were known before.
    (AFP, 7/16/16)

2016        Jul 17, In South Africa philanthropist Bill Gates delivered the Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture ahead of Mandela Day and said that his foundation will invest another $5 billion in Africa over the next five years.
    (SFC, 7/18/16, p.A2)

2016        Jul 18, In South Africa more than 18,000 scientists, campaigners and donors opened a major AIDS conference in Durban, issuing stark warnings that recent gains in the fight against the disease were under threat.
    (AFP, 7/18/16)

2016        Jul 28, The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said some 23 million farmers in drought-hit Southern Africa need urgent help to prepare for the next planting season with only a few weeks left before it begins. It said Botswana, Swaziland, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe have reported more than 640,000 drought-related livestock deaths. Farmers and cattle herders in 10 countries have requested assistance: Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
    (Reuters, 7/28/16)

2016        Aug 3, South Africans voted in municipal elections described as the most closely contested for the African National Congress since it took power in the first all-race elections in 1994. More than 12 people have been killed ahead of the vote. After three days the ANC led with the most votes overall and said it would still try to form coalitions to govern the municipalities where it lost its majority. Herman Mashaba (57) was elected mayor of Johannesburg.
    (AP, 8/3/16)(Reuters, 8/6/16)(Econ, 9/24/16, p.47)

2016        Aug 4, South Africa's opposition Democratic Alliance led in three major cities as votes were counted in local elections, threatening to deal the biggest electoral blow to the African National Congress since the end of apartheid two decades ago.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)

2016        Aug 5, In South Africa with more than 95 percent of votes counted in municipal elections, the ruling party ANC appeared to be headed for its biggest electoral blow since it won power at the end of apartheid 22 years ago. The party so far has received 54 percent of votes across the country, its lowest percentage ever, with the Democratic Alliance getting 26 percent. The opposition DA won the symbolic Nelson Mandela Bay municipality with 47 percent of the vote compared with 41 percent for the ANC.
    (AP, 8/5/16)(Reuters, 8/5/16)

2016        Aug 27, South Africa's wealthy Gupta family, with influential ties to Pres. Jacob Zuma, said they plan to sell all their business interests in the country by the end of the year.
    (AFP, 8/28/16)

2016        Aug 29, Colin Waters, secretary of the Anthropocene Working Group (AWG), addressed the Int’l. Geological Congress in Cape Town and said there was good reason to ringing down the curtain on the Holocene, the present 12,000-year old geological epoch, and recognizing that Earth has entered a new one, the Anthropocene. Most AWG members put the turning point at 1964, the high-point of nuclear weapons testing.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.69)

2016        Aug 30, A South African school was ordered to suspend allegedly racist hairstyle regulations after black pupils said they had been called monkeys by teachers for wearing banned 'afros'.
    (AFP, 8/30/16)

2016        Sep 14, South Africa said rangers in Kruger National Par are killing about 350 hippos and buffalos in an attempt to relieve the impact of the region's most severe drought in more than three decades.
    (AP, 9/14/16)

2016        Sep 24, In South Africa thousands of conservationists and top government officials went into talks in Sandton, a suburb of Johannesburg, for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) to thrash out international trade regulations on elephant ivory, rhino horn and hundreds of endangered wild animals and plants.
    (AFP, 9/24/16)(Econ, 10/1/16, p.48)

2016        Sep 28, In South Africa the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) meeting in Johannesburg voted overwhelmingly to ban trade in the endangered pangolin, the world's most heavily trafficked mammal.
    (AFP, 9/28/16)
2016        Sep 28, South African rangers shot and killed three suspected poachers in Hluhluwe-iMfolozi park in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province.
    (AP, 9/30/16)

2016        Sep 29, Thailand’s government said it has decided to suspend seahorse trade because of concern about threats to its wild population. The decision was announced at a meeting in South Africa of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
    (AP, 9/29/16)

2016        Sep, South Africa became one of the first African states to adopt a “test and treat" protocol whereby anyone infected with the HIV virus can get drugs immediately, instead of waiting for the symptoms of full-blown aids to appear.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.39)

2016        Oct 4, South African police fired rubber bullets, stun grenades and teargas at student protesters in Johannesburg as authorities tried to re-open the prestigious Wits University after weeks of demonstrations.
    (AFP, 10/4/16)

2016        Oct 10, South African police clashed with student protesters demanding free education at the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) which had reopened after demonstrations forced its closure last week.
    (Reuters, 10/10/16)

2016        Oct 11, South African riot police fought stone-throwing students for a second consecutive day at the University of the Witwatersrand amid national calls by demonstrators for free higher education. It was reported that President Jacob Zuma has formed a ministerial team to help bring an end the weeks of clashes.
    (AP, 10/11/16)

2016        Oct 13, South African President Jacob Zuma (74) moved to block a watchdog's potentially explosive report into graft allegations against him, in his latest legal bid to protect his battered reputation.
    (AFP, 10/13/16)

2016        Oct 16, South African police raided a university student residence in Johannesburg early today, arresting Mcebo Dlamini, a leader of sometimes violent protests for free education who caused an outcry last year when he declared admiration for Adolf Hitler.
    (AP, 10/16/16)

2016        Oct 17, South African protesters demanding free university education broke windows, forced open doors and threw human excrement in an effort to disrupt the resumption of classes.
    (AP, 10/17/16)

2016        Oct 21, South Africa announced that it would withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC), dealing a major blow to a troubled institution set up to try the world's worst crimes.
    (AFP, 10/21/16)

2016        Oct 26, South African police fired stun grenades, water cannon and tear gas to disperse students protesting outside parliament over the cost of university tuition fees. Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan said students at universities and higher education institutions will receive an extra 17 billion rand ($1.2 billion) over the next three years.
    (Reuters, 10/26/16)

2016        Oct 28, South Africa said it has detected its first outbreak of Tomato Leaf Miner, a pest originally from South America which can ruin tomato and potato crops. Tomato Leaf Miner spread from South America to Europe in 2006 and has since moved southward through Africa and Asia. It has been reported in Kenya and Tanzania and was detected in Zambia in September.
    (Reuters, 10/28/16)

2016        Oct 31, South African prosecutors dropped fraud charges against Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan and two former tax officials, reversing a decision that was criticized by many South Africans and deepened concern about the country's struggling economy and alleged government mismanagement.
    (AP, 10/31/16)

2016        Nov 2, South Africa's anti-corruption watchdog released its report into accusations against President Jacob Zuma and called for prosecutors to investigate alleged criminal activity. South African police fired stun grenades and water cannon to disperse protesters who marched towards President Jacob Zuma's offices in the capital Pretoria demanding that he quit over what they called poor leadership.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)(Reuters, 11/2/16)

2016        Nov 15, South Africa's main opposition party filed a criminal complaint accusing President Jacob Zuma of corruption after a report this month by an anti-graft agency listed allegations of influence-peddling in his government.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 23, South African police arrested a Hong Kong-bound Chinese man found with 18 rhino horns hidden in his luggage.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)

2016        Dec 6, South Africa's Supreme Court of Appeal overturned a ruling that granted a man the right to medically-assisted death and could have opened the way to legalize euthanasia.
    (AFP, 12/6/16)

2016        Dec 19, In South Africa the last board member at state broadcaster, the SABC, quit after a parliamentary investigation into the board's failure to look into allegations of misspending and censorship. Professor Mbulaheni Maguvhe had been the sole board member following the resignation of his colleagues this year in the wake of a string of scandals. A court ruled earlier this month that former SABC chief operating officer Hlaudi Motsoeneng, who introduced a ban on airing violent protest footage, should not hold any position at the broadcaster and barred him from entering the premises.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)

2016        In South Africa some 1,300 psychiatric patients were moved over several months this year from specialized private hospitals to care homes run by charities in Gauteng province. More than 100 of the patients died following the move.
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.41)
2016        South Africa’s government put unemployment at 26.7%.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.16)
2016        In South Africa poaching killed some 1,054 rhinos this year, up from just 13 in 2007.
    (Econ 5/6/17, p.69)

2017        Jan 16, US motor giant Ford announced the recall of 4,500 1.6-litre Kuga cars in South Africa after nearly 40 incidents in which vehicles were reported to have burst into flames.
    (AFP, 1/16/17)

2017        Jan, In South Africa poachers cut through fences at an animal park and decapitated and chopped the paws off three male lions, possibly for use in traditional healing rituals.
    (AP, 6/4/17)

2017        Feb 1, A South African government investigation revealed that at least 94 mentally ill patients died after authorities moved them last year from hospital to unlicensed health facilities that were compared to "concentration camps".
    (AFP, 2/1/17)
2017        Feb 1, In South Africa workers and managers in the chicken industry marched to the office of the EU delegation in Pretoria, alleging their livelihoods are in jeopardy because of allegedly illegal dumping of EU chicken meat in the local market.
    (AP, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 3, South Africa's department of agriculture said that scientific tests have confirmed the presence of the invasive fall armyworm in the country's maize belt.
    (Reuters, 2/3/17)

2017        Feb 10, South Africa’s Pres. Zuma said state utility Eskom would sign new renewable energy contracts, angering coal transport workers who say such contracts will lead to 30,000 job losses in the coal industry.
    (AP, 3/1/17)

2017        Feb 18, South African President Jacob Zuma (74) said that the state's anti-graft agency, the Special Investigating Unit (SIU), was owed almost 390 million rand ($30 million) by government departments and called on them to repay the debt.
    (Reuters, 2/18/17)

2017        Feb 21, In South Africa Susan Howarth died, two days after an attack at her farm. Her British husband, Robert Lynn, survived and has said he was burned with a blowtorch and slashed with a knife by assailants demanding money. Three suspects were being held without bail. Their next court appearance was set for March 10.
    (AP, 2/28/17)

2017        Feb 22, A South African court ruled that the government's decision to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC) without parliament's approval was unconstitutional.
    (AP, 2/22/17)

2017        Feb 23, The South African government called for calm after a wave of xenophobic violence in which dozens of shops and houses owned by immigrants have been torched and looted.
    (AFP, 2/23/17)

2017        Feb 24, South African police fired stun grenades, rubber bullets and water cannon Friday as the latest wave of anti-immigrant protests broke out in Pretoria, while President Jacob Zuma condemned anti-foreigner violence and appealed for calm. Police said 136 people had been arrested in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/24/17)

2017        Feb 27, South Africa deported 97 Nigerians for various offences following a series of raids, amid heightened bilateral tensions over anti-immigrant violence in South Africa.
    (AP, 3/1/17)

2017        Mar 1, In South Africa thousands of coal truck drivers descended on Pretoria to protest against the country's renewable energy program, after President Jacob Zuma expressed support for the sector last month.
    (Reuters, 3/1/17)

2017        Mar 6, Russian and South African communications officials pledged to work on collaborative media activities.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.53)

2017        Mar 7, The United Nations said South Africa's withdrawal from the International Criminal Court has been revoked, stalling what would have been the first-ever departure from the tribunal that pursues the world's worst atrocities.
    (AP, 3/8/17)

2017        Mar 12, South Africa's ruling ANC published a policy paper calling for an end to corruption and division within the party as it battles to reverse declining popularity.
    (AFP, 3/12/17)

2017        Mar 13, South Africa and Nigeria said they would launch a jointly run "early warning" system to track and deter xenophobic attacks against Nigerian migrants.
    (AFP, 3/13/17)

2017        Mar 17, South Africa's Constitutional Court ordered the government to pay social grants on April 1 via its current service provider, seeking to end a fiasco that had threatened the payment of benefits to 17 million people.
    (Reuters, 3/17/17)

2017        Mar 18, In South Africa burglars targeted Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng's offices early today, stealing 15 computers containing sensitive information about 250 judges. His court had severely criticized the ANC government.
    (AFP, 3/19/17)

2017        Mar 28, In South Africa celebrated anti-apartheid activist Ahmed Kathrada (87), a Robben Island prisoner and one of Nelson Mandela's closest colleagues in the struggle against white rule, died in Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 3/28/17)

2017        Mar 30, South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma late today fired the Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan in a Cabinet reshuffle, intensifying a rift in the party that took power after the 1994 end of white minority rule as well as concerns about corruption at top levels of government.
    (AP, 3/31/17)
2017        Mar 30, Visa requirement between Russia and South Africa were scrapped allowing up to 90 days of trouble-free travel.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.53)

2017        Apr 1, Malusi Gigaba, South Africa's new finance minister said, he is aware of the "climate of sharp disagreement and mutual suspicion" as his predecessor's firing deepens a split in the country's ruling party, and he promised to "radically transform" the economy to reach out to people long marginalized.
    (AP, 4/1/17)
2017        Apr 1, In South Africa robbers, travelling in a BMW and a Mercedes-Benz, shot out the tires of an armored truck as it traveled toward Johannesburg's international airport shortly before noon. They escaped with an undisclosed amount of money.
    (AP, 4/2/17)

2017        Apr 4, South Africa's powerful trade union federation Cosatu, a key coalition partner of the ruling ANC, called for embattled President Jacob Zuma to resign following a deeply unpopular cabinet reshuffle.
    (AFP, 4/4/17)

2017        Apr 6, In South Africa three cabinet ministers removed by President Jacob Zuma in a reshuffle last week quit as lawmakers of his African National Congress party ahead of a vote of no-confidence in the president which the ANC has vowed to defeat.
    (Reuters, 4/6/17)

2017        Apr 7, Tens of thousands of South Africans demonstrated peacefully in a national outpouring of anger at scandal-tainted Pres. Jacob Zuma. A second agency lowered the country's credit rating to junk status a week after the firing of the respected finance minister.
    (AP, 4/7/17)

2017        Apr 12, In South Africa tens of thousands marked the 75th birthday of President Jacob Zuma with a protest against him, pushing for his resignation because of scandals and his dismissal of a widely respected finance minister.
    (AP, 4/12/17)

2017        Apr 17, It was reported that Congolese pastor Joseph Mukungubila Mutombo, wanted in his homeland for alleged involvement in violence more than three years ago, has obtained asylum in South Africa.
    (AFP, 4/17/17)

2017        Apr 20, South African farmers Pieter Doorewaard and Philip Schutte threw Matlhomola Mosweu (15) off a truck, after they allegedly caught him taking a plant from a farm in the area. Mosweu died after breaking his neck. In 2019 Doorewaard (28) and Philip Schutte (35) were sentenced to a combined 41 years in prison for murder, kidnapping and other charges.
    (AFP, 3/6/19)(SFC, 3/7/19, p.A2)

2017        Apr 21, In South Africa a driver and 19 school children were killed when the minibus they were travelling in collided with a truck and exploded in a ball of fire in Mpumalanga province.
    (Reuters, 4/21/17)

2017        Apr 26, South African Airways cancelled nearly three dozen flights, most of them domestic, because of a strike by some cabin crew. A labor court ruled that the strike was not allowed under terms of the crewmembers' contracts.
    (AP, 4/26/17)(AP, 4/27/17)

2017        Apr 29, The South African president’s office said Jacob Zuma has signed the anti-money laundering bill FICA, which allows increased scrutiny of the bank accounts of "prominent individuals", including himself, into law.
    (Reuters, 4/29/17)

2017        May 1, South African President Jacob Zuma was jeered by labor unionists and his speech was cancelled after scuffles broke out between his supporters and workers chanting for him to step down at a May Day rally.
    (AP, 5/1/17)

2017        May 4, South Africa's High Court ordered President Jacob Zuma to provide reasons for his decision last month to fire finance minister Pravin Gordhan in a cabinet reshuffle that led to sovereign debt downgrades.
    (Reuters, 5/4/17)

2017        May 5, Three former South African presidents for the first time issued a joint call for action to end the nation's "worsening" political crisis, the latest campaign targeting President Jacob Zuma.
    (AFP, 5/5/17)

2017        May 9, In South Africa violent protests have erupted in Johannesburg for a second day, with police firing rubber bullets at demonstrators, who blocked roads and burned tires, demanded housing and other government services.
    (AP, 5/9/17)

2017        May 11, In South Africa there was a gas explosion at the Eland shaft near the town of Welkom. 11 miners survived. Police later recovered 25 bodies believed to be those of illegal miners, from the disused Harmony Gold mine shaft.
    (Reuters, 5/17/17)

2017        May 13, South Africa said it plans to sign new, more transparent nuclear power agreements with five foreign countries after a high court blocked a deal with Russia due to a lack of oversight.
    (Reuters, 5/13/17)

2017        May 22, In South Africa Western Cape premier Helen Zille declared the province a disaster area and urged residents to manage their water supplies more efficiently as the region tries to cope with what she described as the "worst drought since 1904".
    (Reuters, 5/22/17)

2017        Jun 1, In South Africa leaked documents released by the media alleging improper dealings in government contracts opened President Jacob Zuma up to renewed scrutiny. Investigative journalists at AmaBhungane, a non-profit group that has a strong track record of exposing what it says are government corruption scandals, released some of more than 100,000 leaked emails and documents.
    (Reuters, 6/1/17)

2017        Jun 2, South Africa's ruling ANC party asked the government to explain leaked emails detailing alleged bribes and corruption, as President Jacob Zuma faced a fresh wave of scandal.
    (AFP, 6/2/17)

2017        Jun 4, South Africa's Sunday Times newspaper reported that several independent sources had told it that the Gupta family had bought Pres. Jacob Zuma a retirement home for 330 million rand ($25 million) in an upmarket suburb of Dubai.
    (Reuters, 6/4/17)

2017        Jun 6, South Africa's official statistics agency reported that the economy contracted in the first quarter of this year, pushing the continent's largest economy into its first recession since 2009.
    (AFP, 6/6/17)

2017        Jun 7, In South Africa at least eight people were killed in a storm that swept into the Cape Town area, which has been suffering from a severe drought.
    (AP, 6/7/17)

2017        Jun 14, South Africa's anti-corruption watchdog said it has launched an investigation into several allies of President Jacob Zuma allegedly linked to corruption at three state-owned companies, based on a trove of recently leaked emails.
    (AFP, 6/15/17)

2017        Jun 15, South Africa adopted a new mining code requiring companies to have majority black investors to qualify for new prospecting licenses, causing the major miners' stock to tumble.
    (AFP, 6/15/17)

2017        Jun 28, South Africa approved the export of some 800 skeletons of captive-bred lions this year, meeting demand for the bones in parts of Asia while alarming critics who believe the policy threatens Africa's wild lions.
    (AP, 6/28/17)

2017        Jun 30, South African President Jacob Zuma admitted the ruling ANC party is beset by corruption and divisions that could threaten its uninterrupted hold on power since the end of apartheid.
    (AFP, 6/30/17)

2017        Jul 5, In South Africa thieves broke into the headquarters of the elite 'Hawks' police unit in Pretoria, making off with hard drives and other computer equipment.
    (Reuters, 7/5/17)
2017        Jul 5, In South Africa a fire broke out in a building in downtown Johannesburg in which squatters were living illegally, killing seven people.
    (AP, 7/5/17)

2017        Jul 9, UNESCO added the Khomani cultural landscape at South Africa's border with Botswana and Namibia saying it testifies to the way of life of the once-nomadic San people that influenced the area over thousands of years.
    (AP, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 10, In South Africa thieves broke into the state prosecutors' offices early today and made off with two laptop computers.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 12, South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa criticized the corruption that has damaged the ruling party under President Jacob Zuma, opening a divide in the African National Congress months ahead of a leadership contest.
    (Reuters, 7/12/17)

2017        Jul 13, In South Africa gunmen ambushed Sindiso Magaqa, the general secretary of the ANC Youth League, and two other councillors from the ANC in the southern hill of KwaZulu-Natal. Magaqa died in hospital on Sept. 4.
    (https://ewn.co.za/Topic/Sindiso-Magaqa)(Econ, 9/30/17, p.43)

2017        Jul 27, In Mali Stephen McGown (42) of South Africa was freed after being held hostage by Al-Qaida's North Africa branch for six years.
    (AP, 8/3/17)

2017        Aug 2, South African poultry producer Astral Foods confirmed a second outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N8 bird flu at one of its farms.
    (Reuters, 8/2/17)

2017        Aug 8, Lawmakers in South Africa's ruling African National Congress (ANC) pledged to back President Jacob Zuma in a no-confidence motion in parliament, aiming to thwart opposition efforts to force him out. Zuma survived the no-confidence vote.
    (Reuters, 8/8/17)(SFC, 8/9/17, p.A2)
2017        Aug 8, In South Africa thieves broke into the offices of the Competition Commission, making off with laptop computers. The Competition Commission is responsible for investigating issues including cartel conduct and mergers and acquisitions, before bringing them to the Competition Tribunal for adjudication.
    (Reuters, 8/12/17)

2017        Aug 16, Zimbabwe police said first lady Grace Mugabe has claimed diplomatic immunity after being accused of assaulting a 20-year-old model, in an incident that could test cross-border relations. She is accused of attacking Gabriella Engels with an electrical extension cord on August 13 at a Johannesburg hotel where her two sons were staying.
    (AFP, 8/16/17)

2017        Aug 17, In South Africa John Hume, the owner of the world's biggest private rhino herd, took court action to force the government to allow its first online sale of rhino horn, which he aims to hold next week.
    (AP, 8/17/17)
2017        Aug 17, In South Africa lawyers for the young model who claims Zimbabwe's first lady Grace Mugabe assaulted her in a Johannesburg hotel said that her family has been approached with an offer of money to drop the allegation. Police said a "red alert" had been issued to prevent Grace Mugabe from leaving the country after Zimbabwe's government requested diplomatic immunity.
    (AP, 8/17/17)

2017        Aug 18, A South African government source said South Africa is planning to grant diplomatic immunity to Zimbabwe's First Lady Grace Mugabe, allowing her to return to Harare and avoid prosecution for the alleged assault of a 20-year-old model.
    (Reuters, 8/18/17)
2017        Aug 18, In South Africa a man walked into a police station, saying he was tired of eating human flesh and produced part of a human leg and a hand. Five people were soon arrested on charges related to cannibalism, including murder and possession of human body parts in KwaZulu-Natal province.
    (AP, 8/23/17)(AFP, 9/28/17)
2017        Aug 18, South Africa moved to halt an online auction of rhino horn starting next week, as outraged conservationists said the sale would undermine the global ban on rhino trade. The Pretoria High Court was expected to make a decision on Aug 20.
    (AFP, 8/18/17)
2017        Aug 18, South Africa grounded an Air Zimbabwe flight at Johannesburg's main international airport after South African authorities concluded it was not in compliance with civil aviation rules.
    (AP, 8/19/17)

2017        Aug 19, South Africa’s president's office said a deputy minister, charged with allegedly assaulting a woman in a nightclub, has resigned. Footage apparently showing deputy higher education minister Mduduzi Manana assaulting a woman earlier this month sparked outrage from civil society and opposition parties and prompted Manana to offer a public apology.
    (Reuters, 8/19/17)
2017        Aug 19, Zimbabwe blocked flights by South Africa's government-owned airline amid tensions over allegations that Zimbabwe's first lady assaulted a young model at a luxury hotel in Johannesburg.
    (AP, 8/19/17)

2017        Aug 20, Zimbabwe's first lady Grace Mugabe returned home from South Africa, pursued by demands she face prosecution over an alleged assault of a 20-year-old model in an upmarket Johannesburg hotel room. South Africa's international relations minister said she had been granted diplomatic immunity.
    (Reuters, 8/20/17)
2017        Aug 20, A South African court ordered the government to allow John Hume, the owner of the world's biggest private rhino herd, to hold an online sale of rhino horn, which he aims to hold this week.
    (Reuters, 8/20/17)

2017        Aug 23, South Africa's first legal auction of rhino horns opened for bids and 264 horns went on sale after the owner of the world's biggest private rhino herd won a court case against the government.
    (Reuters, 8/23/17)

2017        Aug 25, Two white South Africans, who were filmed forcing a wailing black man into a coffin, were found guilty of kidnap, assault and attempted murder. They had caught Victor Mlotshwa trespassing on their farm in possession of stolen copper cables. Theo Jackson and Willem Oosthuizen, were yet to be sentenced and had the right to appeal.
    (Reuters, 8/25/17)
2017        Aug 25, South Africa's first online auction of rhino horn concluded amid outrage from conservationists, but no details of the sale were immediately available.
    (AFP, 8/25/17)

2017        Aug 25, In South Africa two miners at a gold mine owned by Harmony Gold died after they were trapped underground following an earth tremor. Three miners remained missing after the incident at the Kusasalethu mine near Cartonville. On August 31 the bodies of the last two miners unaccounted for at the Harmony Gold mine were recovered, bringing the death toll to five.
    (Reuters, 8/27/17)(Reuters, 8/31/17)

2017        Aug 27, In South Africa a gunman opened fire in a packed theater in Johannesburg after his cellphone went missing in the audience, killing one person and injuring eight.
    (AFP, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 30, South Africa’s Agriculture Minister Senzeni Zokwana said South Africa has detected 24 outbreaks of the H5N8 strain of bird flu since June, including 10 at commercial chicken farms and three at ostrich farms.
    (Reuters, 8/30/17)

2017        Sep 18, South Africa's opposition Democratic Alliance said it will lay a criminal complaint against McKinsey for "fraud, racketeering and collusion" over work the global consultancy did with businessmen friends of President Jacob Zuma.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)

2017        Sep 21, In South Africa  Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, an ex-wife of President Jacob Zuma, was re-appointed a lawmaker in parliament, in what is being seen as her latest step to secure the country's presidency in two years' time.
    (AP, 9/21/17)
2017        Sep 21, African National Congress (ANC) MP Makhosi Khoza (47), a strident critic of scandal-plagued President Jacob Zuma, quit South Africa's ruling party, labeling Nelson Mandela's 105-year-old liberation movement "alien and corrupt".
    (Reuters, 9/21/17)

2017        Sep 22, In South Africa the Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art Africa opened in Cape Town. It was billed as the world's biggest museum dedicated to contemporary art from Africa and its diaspora.
    (AP, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep 24, In South Africa thieves in a vehicle with police markings robbed 36 Dutch tourists who were traveling in a bus after leaving Johannesburg's main international airport.
    (AP, 9/26/17)   

2017        Sep 27, In South Africa thousands marched in anti-corruption protests, in a rallying cry against scandal-plagued President Jacob Zuma and his powerful allies three months before a new ANC leader is chosen.
    (Reuters, 9/27/17)

2017        Sep 30, In South Africa eleven people were killed in a series of overnight shootings in a Cape Town township, including four victims shot dead when gunmen opened fire in a bar. On average there are 51 murders per day in South Africa.
    (AFP, 9/30/17)

2017        Oct 9, In South Africa three vessels were grounded, containers were blown into the bay and mooring lines were broken in the channel in Port Durban when a severe storm lashed the coastal region resulting in at least eight deaths in the province.
    (Reuters, 10/11/17)

2017        Oct 12, South African police fired rubber bullets and stun grenades to break up crowds hurling insults at a group of men accused of cannibalism in eastern Kwa-Zulu Natal province.
    (AP, 10/12/17)
2017        Oct 12, A South Africa court said anti-apartheid activist Ahmed Timol, who died in 1971, was tortured and killed by South African police, a landmark decision that raised hopes that dozens of similar cases would be investigated. Timol was one of 73 political detainees who died in police custody in South Africa between 1963 and 1990.
    (AP, 10/12/17)

2017        Oct 13, South Africa's Supreme Court of Appeal ruled that President Jacob Zuma can face prosecution on almost 800 charges of corruption relating to a 1990s arms deal.
    (AFP, 10/13/17)

2017        Oct 17, South African President Jacob Zuma sacked a vocal critic from his cabinet, a move set to deepen tensions before the ANC chooses a new party leader in December. Zuma dropped higher education minister Blade Nzimande, a veteran member of the South African Communist Party, a key political ally within the ruling ANC alliance.
    (AFP, 10/17/17)

2017        Oct 20, South Africa's National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) gave President Jacob Zuma until Nov. 30 to make submissions before it decides whether to reinstate 783 corruption charges filed against Zuma before he became president.
    (Reuters, 10/20/17)

2017        Oct 27, In South Africa two white farmers, who were filmed pushing a wailing black man into a coffin, were sentenced to jail for attempted murder, assault and kidnapping. Theo Jackson, sentenced to 14 years, and Willem Oosthuizen, sentenced to 11 years, had pleaded not guilty. They said they had caught Mlotshwa trespassing on their farm in possession of stolen copper cables. The defense then said it would lodge their appeal directly to the Supreme Court of Appeal, saying that the sentence was too harsh, since no one had been killed.
    (Reuters, 10/27/17)

2017        Oct 30, In South Africa thousands of white farmers snarled traffic on some major roads in what they call the Black Monday protest against the high rate of murders of farmers.
    (AP, 10/30/17)

2017        Nov 2, South Africa's main opposition party walked out of parliament, saying President Jacob Zuma was refusing to answer questions on how much the state had spent on legal fees fighting corruption allegations against him.
    (Reuters, 11/2/17)

2017        Nov 9, A spokesman said South Africa's State Security Agency (SSA) has made a criminal complaint against the author of a book critical of President Jacob Zuma. "The President's Keepers - Those keeping Zuma in power and out of prison" by journalist Jacques Pauw alleges millions of dollars in taxpayers' money flowed into the bank accounts of spies and members of Zuma's government.
    (Reuters, 11/9/17)
2017        Nov 9, South Africa said it has managed to control an outbreak of fall armyworm pests, which were first detected in January and mainly threatened maize crops.
    (Reuters, 11/9/17)

2017        Nov 12, South Africa's main opposition party said it had asked the High Court to force President Jacob Zuma to disclose how much the state has spent on legal fees to fight corruption allegations against him.
    (Reuters, 11/12/17)

2017        Nov 24, South Africa's Supreme Court more than doubled Oscar Pistorius' murder sentence, accepting prosecutors' argument that the original jail term of six years for shooting dead his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp was "shockingly lenient". A new sentence of 13 years and five months was handed down.
    (Reuters, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 25, Hundreds of white South African farmers took to the streets of Pretoria, demanding government action over a wave of murders targeting their communities in rural areas. At least 72 white farmers have been murdered so far this year.
    (AFP, 11/25/17)

2017        Nov 27, Johannesburg-based organization Civicus announced that Egyptian rights campaigner Khaled el-Balsh has won the Nelson Mandela award for individual activism for 2017. Civicus, which operates in 145 countries around the world, began granting the awards named after Nelson Mandela and his wife Graça Machel in 2005.
    (AP, 11/28/17)

2017        Dec 3, South African President Jacob Zuma said in a newspaper interview published today that South Africa and Morocco will resume diplomatic ties more than a decade after Morocco withdrew its ambassador from Pretoria. Morocco recalled its ambassador from South Africa in 2004 after former South African president Thabo Mbeki recognized a breakaway region in the Western Sahara which Morocco claims as part of its territory.
    (Reuters, 12/3/17)

2017        Dec 8, A South African court overturned President Jacob Zuma's appointment of the head of public prosecutions, dealing a sharp reprimand to the scandal-tainted leader. Shaun Abrahams, who was in 2015 named by Zuma as director of public prosecutions, has often been criticized for allegedly protecting Zuma and his associates.
    (AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 13, South Africa's High Court ruled that Pres. Jacob Zuma, under fire for alleged corruption, must set up a judicial inquiry into state influence-peddling within 30 days.
    (Reuters, 12/13/17)

2017        Dec 16, South African President Jacob Zuma said allegations of private businesses wielding undue influence in his government will be investigated by a judicial commission of inquiry. Zuma also said South Africa will raise subsidies to universities to 1 percent of gross domestic product over the next five years from nearly 0.7 percent at present as recommended by a commission on higher education funding.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)

2017        Dec 18, South African deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa was elected to lead the country's ruling ANC party as it grapples with corruption allegations and disunity.
    (AFP, 12/19/17)

2017        Dec 19, In South Africa convicted Dutch arms dealer Guus Kouwenhoven (75), who supplied arms that fuelled Liberia's bloody civil war, was released by a South African court on bail of $78,000.
    (AP, 12/19/17)

2017        Dec 21, South Africa's Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa wrapped up the party conference that elected him ANC leader, with a vow to stamp out corruption in the organization and in government.
    (AFP, 12/21/17)
2017        Dec 21, South Africa's ruling ANC decided to downgrade its embassy in Tel Aviv to a liaison office over a US decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, ahead of a UN vote today on a resolution urging Washington to drop the move.
    (Reuters, 12/21/17)

2017        Dec 29, South Africa's Constitutional Court ruled that parliament had failed to hold President Jacob Zuma to account over a scandal related to state-funded upgrades to his home, and must launch proceedings that could remove him from office.
    (Reuters, 12/29/17)

2017        Doctors in South Africa performed a medical first -- transplanting part of the liver from a HIV-positive mother to her HIV-negative child. A year later doctors at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg revealed that the child may not have caught the virus from her new liver and that the mother and child have fully recovered.
    (AFP, 10/4/18)

2018        Jan 1, In South Africa two climbers were killed while scaling Cape Town's Table Mountain, with hundreds of tourists stranded on the summit for hours during the rescue effort. A female Japanese climber injured in the fall was rescued. Authorities in Hong Kong later said one climber who died was from the southern Chinese city.
    (AFP, 1/2/18)(AP, 1/3/18)

2018        Jan 4, In South Africa more at least 18 people were killed and hundreds were feared injured after a train struck a lorry, derailed and burst into flames as it traveled between Port Elizabeth and Johannesburg.
    (Reuters, 1/4/18)(SFC, 1/5/18, p.A2)

2018        Jan 9, It was reported that a South African tribal leader has agreed to a more transparent structure for a 175 million rand ($14 million) community trust funded by Anglo American Platinum (Amplats), a move that aims to curb unrest around the firm's most profitable mine.
    (Reuters, 1/9/18)

2018        Jan 11, In South Africa one person was killed and part of the Royal Bafokeng Platinum's (RBPlat) conveyor belt was burnt during overnight protests at one of its shafts in the country's North West Province.
    (Reuters, 1/11/18)

2018        Jan 13, South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (ANC) celebrated its 106th anniversary and new leader Cyril Ramaphosa vowed to crack down on the corruption that has weakened the party.
    (SSFC, 1/14/18, p.A6)
2018        Jan 13, Members of a South African opposition party stormed into some H&M stores across the country to protest a promotional image of a black child wearing a sweatshirt with the words "Coolest monkey in the jungle." The Swedish clothing retailer has apologized after an outcry in other countries.
    (AP, 1/13/18)

2018        Jan 16, South African prosecutors said they are seeking $130 million from global consultancy McKinsey and a local firm linked to a graft scandal that has engulfed President Jacob Zuma.
    (AFP, 1/16/18)

2018        Jan 18, The South African city of Cape Town announced new water restrictions to combat drought, saying it was looking more likely that it will have to turn off most taps on "Day Zero," or April 21.
    (AP,  1/18/18)

2018        Jan 22, South Africa's ruling party confirmed that discussions were underway on President Jacob Zuma's departure from office, possibly signaling the coming end to his scandal-tainted nine-year reign.
    (AFP, 1/22/18)

2018        Jan 23, In South Africa Cape Town residents were warned that they face losing piped water to their homes on April 12, a whole nine days earlier than predicted, as it suffered its worst drought in a century.
    (AFP, 1/23/18)
2018        Jan 23, Legendary South African jazz musician and anti-apartheid activist Hugh Masekela (78) died in Johannesburg after a decade-long fight with cancer.
    (AP, 1/23/18)

2018        Jan 26, South African police raided the offices of the provincial government in the Free State in a case involving a friend of President Jacob Zuma and a top official in the African National Congress (ANC) considered a Zuma ally.
    (Reuters, 1/26/18)

2018        Jan 31, It was reported that low dam levels in the emerald-green highlands of Lesotho are raising alarm bells in South Africa's industrial heartland around Johannesburg, which has so far avoided the shortages hitting other regions.
    (Reuters, 1/31/18)

2018        Feb 5, In South Africa Cape Town city officials pushed back "Day Zero" – the day taps could run dry – by a month to May 11 from April 16, as farmers in the water intensive agriculture sector cut back consumption amid tight restrictions.
    (Reuters, 2/6/18)

2018        Feb 7, In South Africa two workers were killed after a section of Sibanye-Stillwater's Kloof gold mine collapsed.
    (Reuters, 2/7/18)

2018        Feb 9, In South Africa a pride of lions killed a suspected poacher at the Umbabat Private Nature Reserve. Human tracks found nearby suggested the alleged poacher had companions who escaped.
    (AP, 2/14/18)
2018        Feb 9, The UN's World Food Program (WFP) said poor rains and crop infestations in southern Africa are threatening deeper hunger across the region, with millions of people, particularly children, at risk.
    (Reuters, 2/9/18)

2018        Feb 12, In South Africa two British nationals were kidnapped in Vryheid, eastern KwaZulu-Natal province, but local police said they had no evidence militants were behind the incident. Two suspects were later arrested in connection with the kidnapping.
    (Reuters, 2/22/18)

2018        Feb 13, South Africa’s the ruling ANC party ordered President Jacob Zuma to step down as head of state, but set no date for him to do so.
    (AFP, 2/13/18)
2018        Feb 13, South Africa declared a "national disaster" over a drought that has ravaged parts of the country and threatened to leave homes in Cape Town without running water.
    (AFP, 2/13/18)

2018        Feb 14, South Africa’s Pres. Jacob Zuma raged against a resignation order from his own party ahead of a vote in parliament set to throw him out of office. The ruling African National Congress (ANC) unveiled plans to sack Zuma via a parliamentary no-confidence vote, hours after armed police raided the luxury home of his friends, the Gupta brothers, as part of an anti-corruption investigation.
    (AFP, 2/14/18)(Reuters, 2/14/18)

2018        Feb 15, In South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa (65) was elected president in a parliamentary vote. He pledged to tackle endemic corruption after scandal-ridden Jacob Zuma resigned on orders from the ruling African National Congress.
    (Reuters, 2/15/18)
2018        Feb 15, South Africa's chief prosecutor declared Ajay Gupta, one of the three Gupta brothers accused of corrupt links to ousted president Jacob Zuma, a "fugitive from justice" after he failed to hand himself in to police.
    (Reuters, 2/15/18)
2018        Feb 15, South African Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu stepped down as an ambassador for Oxfam, citing disappointment at the British aid agency's embroilment in a sex scandal involving staff in Haiti after a massive 2010 earthquake.
    (Reuters, 2/15/18)

2018        Feb 27, In South Africa a lion mauled a young woman (22) to death in the Dinokeng Game Reserve. The lion was under the care of Kevin Richardson known as the "lion whisperer" for his close interactions with the predators.
    (AP, 2/28/18)

2018        Mar 6, South African triathlete Mhlengi Gwala suffered severe injuries when attackers cut his legs with a saw. Gwala, following surgery, said he will focus on recovery so he can run and cycle again.
    (AP, 3/8/18)

2018        Mar 7, South Africa’s city of Cape Town said that if no rainfall comes then "Day Zero", when the taps are predicted to run dry, would be pushed back to 27 August from July 9, and that the bullet could be dodged completely this year.
    (Reuters, 3/7/18)

2018        Mar 10, Democratic Republic of Congo opposition groups rallied behind exiled figure Moise Katumbi at talks in South Africa aimed at forging a united front to fight elections due by the end of the year.
    (AFP, 3/10/18)

2018        Mar 11, A South African official said proceedings have been launched to strip the permanent residency status of Ajay Gupta, one of the lynchpins of a controversial Indian business family accused of corruption.
    (AFP, 3/11/18)

2018        Mar 13, South Africa declared that the drought afflicting Cape Town and other parts of the country is a national disaster.
    (AP, 3/13/18)
2018        Mar 13, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa was dealt a political blow, after a last-minute legal challenge by a group loyal to ousted leader Jacob Zuma blocked the signing of $4.7 billion in renewable energy deals. Three solar plants planned by Norway's Scatec Solar were among 27 energy deals blocked by the court.
    (Reuters, 3/13/18)(Reuters, 3/15/18)

2018        Mar 14, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa outlined a plan to parliament to change the constitution to allow for land expropriation without compensation to address racial disparities in land ownership that persist more than two decades after apartheid's demise in 1994.
    (Reuters, 3/14/18)

2018        Mar 15, A South African court granted bail to six police officers charged with murder and attempted murder in connection with the 2012 killing of striking mine workers at Lonmin’s Marikana mine.
    (Reuters, 3/15/18)

2018        Mar 16, The director of South Africa's National Prosecuting Authority said that former president Jacob Zuma (75) will be prosecuted on 16 charges of corruption. Prosecutors said Zuma is to face corruption charges over a $2.5 billion arms deal.
    (AP, 3/16/18)(Reuters, 3/16/18)

2018        Mar 17, South African supermarket chain Shoprite said it has withdrawn a third brand of sausages after the world's worst listeria outbreak which has claimed at least 183 lives since January last year.
    (AFP, 3/17/18)

2018        Mar 19, In South Africa a judge ordered the Gauteng provincial government to pay $15 million in damages to families of at least 144 psychiatric patients who he said died of negligence after being moved to unregistered facilities in early 2016.
    (Reuters, 3/19/18)

2018        Apr 2, In South Africa anti-apartheid activist Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (81), wife to Nelson Mandela during his decades of imprisonment, died in a Johannesburg hospital after a long illness.
    (AFP, 4/2/18)
2018        Apr 2, In South Africa six miners were burnt to death when the bus taking them to work at the Modikwa platinum mine was set alight by a petrol bomb thrown by unknown attackers near the town of Burgersfort in northern Limpopo province.
    (Reuters, 4/3/18)

2018        Apr 3, South Africa's drought-stricken Cape Town pushed back its estimate for "Day Zero," when taps in the city run dry and people start queuing for water, to 2019 from August of this year, and data show dam levels rising elsewhere in the country.
    (Reuters, 4/3/18)

2018        Apr 4, South Africa signed long-delayed renewable energy contracts worth $4.7 billion with independent power producers, in the first major investment deal under President Cyril Ramaphosa.
    (Reuters, 4/4/18)
2018        Apr 4, South African police said that five people had been arrested in connection with a petrol bomb attack on a bus that killed six workers on their way to the Modikwa platinum mine earlier this week.
    (Reuters, 4/4/18)

2018        Apr 16, South African police raided the compound of former president Jacob Zuma's allies the Guptas, who were accused two years ago in a report by a corruption watchdog of using their influence to gain control of state companies and contracts.
    (Reuters, 4/16/18)

2018        Apr 18, The first South African convicted for racist slurs will serve her full three-year prison sentence after a court rejected her application to appeal. Former realtor Vicki Momberg (49) was last month convicted for repeatedly hurling racist insults including the word "kaffir" at a black policeman who was trying to assist her following a break-in of her car in 2016.
    (AFP, 4/18/18)
2018        Apr 18, In South Africa crowds took to the streets in and around Mahikeng, the capital of North West province, calling for the resignation of the territory's premier Supra Mahumapeloa over allegations of corruption in the award of state tenders.
    (Reuters, 4/20/18)

2018        Apr 20, South Africa's new president Cyril Ramaphosa flew into the northern city of Mahikeng to try and quell an outbreak of violent protests that had forced him to cut short a visit to a Commonwealth summit.
    (Reuters, 4/20/18)

2018        Apr 23, In South Africa a police officer shot dead a teenager during anti-corruption protests in Taung, North West province. The province has been a hotbed of unrest due to frustration over lack of housing, health services and jobs. Provincial premier Supra Mahumapelo has been accused of involvement in graft scandals that have engulfed the ruling African National Congress party.
    (AFP, 4/24/18)
2018        Apr 23, The Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded to seven recipients at the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House. The honors went to: LeeAnne Walter for exposing the 2015 water crisis in Flint, Mich.; Manny Calonzo of the Philippines for helping to persuade the government to ban lead paint; Makoma Lekalakala and Liz McDaid of South Africa for exposing a secret government deal with Russia that would have increased their country's nuclear power production; Francia Marquez of Colombia whose work helped end water pollution form illegal gold mining in her hometown; Claire Nouvian of France for her public awareness campaign against a supermarket chain that relied on deep-sea bottom trawling for catching fish; and Khanh Nguy Thi of Vietnam for her work to stop the expansion of coal-fired power plants and helping her country chart a plan for sustainable energy independence.
    (SFC, 4/23/18, p.C3)

2018        Apr 25, In South Africa several thousand South African union members marched in Johannesburg to protest a proposed national minimum wage of $1.60 per hour they called inadequate, accusing the government of being hostile to labor.
    (Reuters, 4/25/18)(AP, 4/25/18)

2018        May 2, In South Africa news media reported that staff member at Marakele Predator Center in Limpopo province has shot dead the male lion named Shamba after it mauled Michael Hodge, the proprietor of the facility, a day earlier. Hodge suffered neck and jaw injuries and was being treated at a Johannesburg hospital.
    (AP, 5/2/18)

2018        May 3, In South Africa the Legal Resources Center said lawyers for gold miners who got lung diseases while working underground over many decades have reached a compensation agreement in their class action lawsuit against mining companies.
    (AP, 5/3/18)
2018        May 3, In South Africa 13 miners were trapped at the mine located in its Driefontein operations west of Johannesburg after an earthquake caused a cave-in. Seven miners were killed at Sibanye-Stillwater's Masakhane mine. Six others were rescued after being trapped underground for two days.
    (Reuters, 5/5/18)
2018        May 3, Six critically endangered black rhinos were en route from South Africa to Chad in a pioneering project to re-introduce the animals to a country where they were wiped out by poaching nearly 50 years ago.
    (AFP, 5/3/18)

2018        May 7, South African police clashed with residents in the township of Soweto who staged a protest after squatters tried to erect shacks in nearby fields.
    (Reuters, 5/7/18)

2018        May 8, In South Africa Cape Town Mayor Patricia de Lille was ousted by her own party after her administration came under fire over mismanagement and alleged corruption. De Lille vowed to legally contest her sacking.
    (AFP, 5/8/18)   
2018        May 8, South African officials said the worst drought in living memory has hit vineyards in the Western Cape hard, reducing grape harvests and adding to pressure on the region's centuries-old wine industry.
    (Reuters, 5/8/18)

2018        May 9, In South Africa protesters hurled petrol bombs at three Zambian-registered trucks late today, leaving one of the drivers with life-threatening injuries, the second attack on foreign vehicles there in two weeks.
    (Reuters, 5/10/18)

2018        May 10, In South Africa three attackers entered a mosque in Verulam, KwaZulu-Natal province, after midday prayers, stabbed three people and set the place on fire before fleeing. The attackers killed one man by slitting his throat and injured two others.
    (AP, 5/10/18)(AFP, 5/11/18)

2018        May 13, South Africa's National Council of Provinces (NCOP) said the national government is taking over the running of the troubled North West province.
    (Reuters, 5/13/18)

2018        May 15, A South African court reinstated Patricia De Lille as mayor of Cape Town after she was sacked on May 8 by her own party in a bitter dispute shaking the Democratic Alliance.
    (AFP, 5/15/18)

2018        May 21, In South Africa Henri van Breda (23) found guilty of murdering three members of his immediate family. He was also found guilty of obstruction of justice and attempting to murder his sister on Jan. 27, 2015. His sister Marli, then 16, suffered severe injuries and is reported to be unable to remember the incident.
    (AP, 5/21/18)

2018        May 23, In South Africa Supra Mahumapelo, the leader of the North West province, resigned in the face of pressure from President Cyril Ramaphosa and weeks of violent protests against his rule over the platinum-rich region.
    (Reuters, 5/23/18)

2018        May 25, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa authorized an investigation into allegations of irregularities and unlawful conduct at several government departments.
    (Reuters, 5/25/18)

2018        May 31, In South Africa more than 100 support staff stopped work over the failure of Johannesburg's Charlotte Maxeke hospital, also known as Joburg General, to pay performance bonuses and overtime.
    (AFP, 5/31/18)

2018        Jun 7, In South Africa Henri Van Breda (23), convicted of slaying his wealthy parents and brother and maiming his sister in a frenzied axe attack in 2015, was handed three life sentences.
    (AFP, 6/7/18)

2018        Jun 8, The United Nations General Assembly voted to elect Germany, Belgium, South Africa, the Dominican Republic and Indonesia for a two-year term in the Security Council starting on Jan. 1, 2019.
    (Reuters, 6/8/18)

2018        Jun 14, In South Africa about 1,000 union members picketed Eskom's headquarters in Johannesburg in a wage dispute that threatens the cash-strapped utility's ability to deliver power.
    (Reuters, 6/14/18)
2018        Jun 14, In South Africa a Somali man stabbed two worshippers to death and wounded two others in a rampage at a mosque in in Malmesbury near Cape Town before being shot dead by police.
    (AFP, 6/14/18)

2018        Jun 21, South Africa unveiled details of a new universal health insurance plan aimed at improving healthcare for the poor in one of the world's most unequal nations.
    (AFP, 6/21/18)

2018        Jun 25, In South Africa renowned photojournalist David Goldblatt (87) died from cancer. He had documented the impact of apartheid on the lives ordinary people.
    (Reuters, 6/25/18)

2018        Jul 9, In South Africa Duduzane Zuma (34), the son of scandal-hit former South African president Jacob Zuma, appeared in ankle shackles in a Johannesburg court on corruption charges before being released on bail.
    (AFP, 7/9/18)

2018        Jul 13, South Africa launched a set of limited edition bank notes and gold coins to mark the 100th anniversary on July 18 of the birth of Nelson Mandela.
    (Reuters, 7/13/18)

2018        Jul 17, In South Africa former US Pres. Barack Obama gave a speech to mark the 100th anniversary of Nelson Mandela's birth and made clear the world is at a crossroads between Mandela's vision of tolerance and current "disturbed" times.
    (AP, 7/17/18)

2018        Jul 18, In South Africa former US president Barack Obama advised talented young Africans to drive change at home rather than emigrating, and urged their governments to do more to curb a brain drain.
    (Reuters, 7/18/18)

2018        Jul 21, In South Africa gunmen opened fire late today on a minibus carrying members of a taxi drivers' association, killing 11 people and critically wounding four others in KwaZulu-Natal province.
    (AP, 7/22/18)

2018        Jul 23, Diamond producer De Beers said it was relocating 200 elephants from its private reserve in South Africa to neighboring Mozambique, part of wider efforts to restore wildlife populations ravaged by conflict there.
    (Reuters, 7/23/18)

2018        Jul 25, In South Africa leaders of the BRICS emerging economies (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) began an annual three-day summit, with attention focused on the threat of a US-led global trade war. The meeting opened with a business forum.
    (AFP, 7/25/18)

2018        Jul 26, In South Africa the leaders of the BRICS bloc of emerging economies, meeting in the wake of tariff threats by US President Donald Trump, signed a declaration supporting an open and inclusive multilateral trading system under World Trade Organization rules at their summit. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa agreed at the three-day meeting to fight unilateralism and protectionism.
    (Reuters, 7/26/18)

2018        Jul 30, A South African court ruled that former Zimbabwean first lady Grace Mugabe did not have diplomatic immunity when she allegedly beat a young woman with an electrical cord.
    (AFP, 7/30/18)
2018        Jul 30, Workers at South Africa's high-speed Gautrain went on strike over pay affecting services to the country's main airport, the capital Pretoria and commercial hub Johannesburg that caters for business commuters.
    (Reuters, 7/30/18)

2018        Jul 31, In South Africa fifteen units were down at nine power stations, taking over 6,000 megawatts or 13 percent of Eskom's output off the national grid. The state-owned utility has been hit by labor unrest over wage talks as it tries to reverse a decade of financial decline by cutting costs.
    (Reuters, 7/31/18)

2018        Aug 5, In South Africa Cape Town Mayor Patricia de Lille said she has quit, ending a bitter dispute within South Africa's main opposition party that has tainted its image ahead of elections next year. She has been a mayor of Cape Town since 2011. Her resignation is effective as of October 31.
    (Reuters, 8/5/18)

2018        Aug 13, Workers at South Africa's high-speed train service that mainly caters for business commuters ended a two-week strike over pay after reaching a 12-month agreement with their employer.
    (Reuters, 8/13/18)

2018        Aug 25, In South Africa two lion cubs, a male and female, were born by means of artificial insemination -- the first such pair anywhere in the world.
    (AFP, 9/30/18)

2018        Aug 28, South Africa's ruling African National Congress (ANC) said an expropriation bill passed by parliament in 2016 enabling the state to make compulsory purchases of land to redress racial disparities in land ownership has been withdrawn.
    (Reuters, 8/28/18)
2018        Aug 28, In South Africa British PM Theresa May launched her three-nation African tour by pledging to make Britain the biggest investor in Africa from the developed world. May confirmed that Britain intends to carry over the EU's current partnership with six southern African countries: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique.
    (AP, 8/28/18)

2018        Aug 29, In South Africa one person was shot dead and foreign-owned shops were looted as violence erupted in the township of Soweto.
    (Reuters, 8/29/18)
2018        Aug 29, Nigeria's central bank ordered South African telecoms giant MTN to refund $8.13 billion (6.96 billion euros) that it allegedly illegally repatriated and fined four banks involved in the transfer.
    (AFP, 8/30/18)

2018        Sep 3, In South Africa workers from the mainly-white Solidarity union staged a go-slow protest at the petrochemicals firm Sasol over a share scheme offered exclusively to black staff, and said they would begin a full strike on September 6.
    (AP, 9/3/18)
2018        Sep 3, In South Africa at least eight people were killed in an explosion at the Rheinmetall Denel Munition plant near Cape Town.
    (SFC, 9/4/18, p.A2)

2018        Sep 6, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa ramped up an anti-corruption drive, authorizing an investigation of alleged wrongdoing in the national water department's dealings with German software firm SAP.
    (AP, 9/6/18)

2018        Sep 10, South Africa's Cape Town, battling its worst drought in 100 years, announced that it would ease severe water rationing after significant rains in the region.
    (AFP, 9/10/18)

2018        Sep 11, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa said there was no reason to believe that any country would impose sanctions on South Africa over the government's plans to redistribute land to address racial disparities in ownership.
    (Reuters, 9/11/18)
2018        Sep 11, South African official statistics showed that the murder rate rose again last year, with over 20,000 killed across the country -- about 57 a day -- as police admitted they were struggling to keep control.
    (AFP, 9/11/18)

2018        Sep 18, South Africa's largest trade union federation elected a woman president, a first for the 33-year-old labor movement that helped lead the fight against apartheid. Zingiswa Losi (42) was nominated unopposed at an annual meeting of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu).
    (AFP, 9/18/18)

2018        Sep 22, South Africa's largest opposition party, the Democratic Alliance (DA) launched its campaign ahead of highly contested elections due next year.
    (AFP, 9/22/18)

2018        Oct 3, South Africa's Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene told a judicial corruption inquiry that he was fired by former president Jacob Zuma for refusing to approve a $100 billion nuclear power deal with Russia in 2015. Nene also said his decision to reject a new route for the state airline to Sudan contributed to his sacking in 2015.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)

2018        Oct 4, A spokeswoman for ActionAid said Pakistan has ordered 18 international aid groups to shut down operations and leave the country. ActionAid focuses on education, poverty alleviation and human rights and is headquartered in Johannesburg.
    (Reuters, 10/4/18)

2018        Oct 9, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa announced the departure of Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene at a news conference. Nene faced calls to resign after he admitted to visiting the Gupta brothers, friends of scandal-plagued former president Jacob Zuma who have been accused of high-level influence-peddling, and failing to disclose the meetings earlier.
    (Reuters, 10/9/18)
2018        Oct 9, AfriForum's CEO said South Africa's Zulu king and Afrikaans nationalist group AfriForum are forming a partnership to develop the agriculture on vast swathes of land the monarch controls through a trust. King Goodwill Zwelithini controls 2.8 million hectares, a fragmented sub-tropical area the size of Belgium, under an entity called the Ingonyama Trust.
    (Reuters, 10/9/18)

2018        Oct 10, A report commissioned by South Africa's central bank was published. It found at least 1.9 billion rand ($130 million) had been siphoned illegally from VBS, a failed local bank that bailed out former president Jacob Zuma after a corruption scandal. The report said one of the beneficiaries was Brian Shivambu, who received 16 million rand of "looted" funds from VBS. Brian Shivambu is the younger brother of Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) Deputy President Floyd Shivambu.
    (Reuters, 10/11/18)

2018        Oct 15, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa denied accusations that he ignored widespread looting and financial misconduct at a major retail bank that collapsed weeks after he came into office.
    (AFP, 10/15/18)

2018        Oct 19, In South Africa at least 27 people, including small children, were killed in a multi-vehicle accident in Limpopo province.
    (AP, 10/20/18)

2018        Oct 21, Officials from Chad and South Africa said two of six critically endangered black rhinos have died of unknown causes five months after being flown from South Africa to Chad in a pioneering project to re-introduce the animals. The carcasses of the cow and bull were discovered on October 15.
    (AFP, 10/21/18)

2018        Oct 25, South Africa's top court ruled that a platinum miner that has a deal with a tribal chief could not evict a group of black farmers, in a decision that could curtail the power of traditional leaders whose deals often disadvantage poor blacks.
    (Reuters, 10/25/18)

2018        Oct 29, A report by environmental campaign group Greenpeace said South Africa's eastern Mpumalanga province has the most polluting cluster of coal-fired power stations in the world producing record levels of nitrogen dioxide.
    (AFP, 10/29/18)

2018        Oct 30, A Danish man was arrested in South Africa on suspicion of having played a key role in a fraud case that caused a Danish government welfare agency to lose at least 111 million-kroner ($17 million). Britta Nielsen (64) remained the main suspect. She has vanished from Denmark and her whereabouts were unknown.
    (AP, 11/1/18)

2018        Oct 31, In South Africa Patricia De Lille (67), the mayor of Cape Town, resigned amid a bitter dispute roiling the country's main opposition in the runup to 2019 elections. Her seven-year tenure has been marred by allegations of corruption and financial mismanagement that have threatened to tarnish Cape Town's reputation.
    (AFP, 10/31/18)

2018        Nov 5, South African police officers arrested Danish woman Britta Nielsen (64) suspected of a huge fraud at home. She had 648,700 rand in cash ($46,000) in her possession which was confiscated. Her son, Jimmy Hayat, was arrested Oct. 30 at Johannesburg's international airport as he was about to leave the country with two diamonds in his luggage.
    (AP, 11/6/18)

2018        Nov 19, Pravin Gordhan, the South African minister of state-owned companies and anti-graft campaigner, warned an official probe into widespread state corruption risks being subverted by those who illicitly enriched themselves.
    (AFP, 11/19/18)

2018        Nov 26, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa signed into law the national minimum wage bill, part of efforts by the government to tackle wage inequality in Africa's most industrialized economy. The National Minimum Wage Act sets South Africa's minimum wage at 20 rand ($1.45) an hour, equal to 3,500 rand per month.
    (Reuters, 11/26/18)

2018        Nov 30, South Africa's High Court rejected a legal challenge brought by a group representing white farmers against President Cyril Ramaphosa's plans for land expropriation without compensation.
    (Reuters, 11/30/18)

2018        Nov, In South Africa VBS, a regional bank that catered to poorer customers, collapsed. The bank was left in ruins after 53 people stole $130 million deposited by individuals. South Africa's central bank was forced to step in and guaranteed $7,300 per retail depositor through a competing bank.
    (AFP, 3/9/19)

2018        Dec 13, A South African court ruled that former president Jacob Zuma must pay back state funds and cover his own costs, leaving him facing massive legal bills as he fights graft charges.
    (AFP, 12/13/18)
2018        Dec 13, South Africa issued an arrest warrant for Zimbabwe's former first lady Grace Mugabe over the alleged assault of a model in a luxury Johannesburg hotel in 2017. Police sought Interpol's help to enforce the warrant.
    (Reuters, 12/19/18)

2018        Dec 29 South Africa arrested Manuel Chang, the former Mozambican finance minister, at the Johannesburg airport. A US indictment alleged that Chang and others violated US anti-corruption laws in a $2 billion loan scandal that plunged Mozambique into financial crisis.
    (AP, 1/9/19)

2018        The Association for Free Research and International Cooperation (AFRIC), run by Yevgeny Prigozhin’s St. Petersburg-based organization, was founded as a “network of agents of influence" meant to provide “expert evaluations and opinions beneficial to Russia" in Africa. AFRIC sent “election observers"—many of them well-known white supremacists and neo-Nazis from Europe—to try to sway democratic races in Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Africa, in races in which other arms of Prigozhin’s vast empire often supported one or more of the candidates.
    (The Daily Beast, 3/2/21)

2019        Jan 8, In South Africa a train collision in Pretoria killed three people and injured more than 200.
    (AP, 1/8/19)

2019        Jan 16, South Africa's transport minister pledged to toughen penalties for reckless road users after more than 1,600 people were killed in traffic accidents over the six-week festive season. 17 traffic officers were arrested for corruption over the holidays.
    (AFP, 1/16/19)

2019        Jan 21, South African former executive Angelo Agrizzi told a corruption probe that his old company had paid monthly bribes for 14 years to Nomvula Mokonyane, a minister who served scandal-tainted ex-president Jacob Zuma. Mokonyane, who is currently environmental affairs minister, served as Zuma's minister of water and sanitation between 2014 and 2018, and was earlier a provincial minister.
    (AFP, 1/21/19)

2019        Jan 22, In Mozambique South African businessman Andre Mayer Hanekom (61), held on suspicion of being a jihadist leader, died in hospital under mysterious circumstances. Hanekom, who ran a maritime business in Palma, was arrested in August alongside two locals and two Tanzanians, with prosecutors accusing them of being part of a jihadist group.
    (AFP, 1/23/19)

2019        Jan 25, Indian PM Narendra Modi and visiting South African Pres. Cyril Ramaphosa announced they will boost ties in key areas such as defense, maritime security, information technology and trade under a 3-year strategic exchange program.
    (AP, 1/25/19)

2019        Jan 31, South Africa's cash-strapped public broadcaster (SABC) announced it would drop plans to lay off a third of its full-time employees as it looks for other savings to cut mounting debts.
    (AFP, 1/31/19)

2019        Feb 1, In South Africa at least three students were killed and 23 injured after a walkway collapsed at a school outside Johannesburg.
    (AP, 2/1/19)
2019        Feb 1, It was reported that a special airlift for thousands of baby flamingos is under way in South Africa as drought has put their breeding ground in peril.
    (AP, 2/1/19)

2019        Feb 3, South Africa expressed disappointment after the United States and other Western powers wrote to President Cyril Ramaphosa urging him to tackle corruption, and said those countries had breached diplomatic protocol.
    (Reuters, 2/3/19)

2019        Feb 6, In South Africa a gas explosion in an unused coal mine in the eastern province of Mpumalanga killed at least six people. Several people had entered the mine to steal copper wires that supply electricity for lighting and ventilation when a gas pipe exploded. More than 20 people were still stuck underground at the mine in Middelburg and were presumed dead. Rescuers later retrieved another 13 bodies from the disused coal mine, raising the confirmed death toll to 18.
    (Reuters, 2/7/19)(Reuters, 2/22/19)

2019        Feb 11, South Africa introduced its most severe electricity rationing in nearly five years, presenting President Cyril Ramaphosa with a major political challenge just months ahead of the May general election.
    (AFP, 2/11/19)

2019        Feb 13, In South Africa thousands of workers staged nationwide demonstrations to protest against high unemployment and government policies they say have failed to create jobs and are deepening poverty.
    (AFP, 2/13/19)

2019        Feb 14, South African gold mining giant Sibanye-Stillwater announced plans to shed more than 6,000 jobs, or 10 percent of its workforce, from underperforming gold mines.
    (AFP, 2/14/19)
2019        Feb 14, Yusuf Saloojee, South Africa's former ambassador to Iran, was arrested Johannesburg on charges he took a bribe to help telecoms company MTN win a $31.6 billion license to operate in Iran.
    (Reuters, 2/15/19)

2019        Feb 15, South African police said an arrest warrant for Ajay Gupta, a businessman and friend of former president Jacob Zuma, has been provisionally withdrawn, in a setback for the government's promised fight against corruption.
    (Reuters, 2/15/19)

2019        Feb 20, South Africa's Finance Minister Tito Mboweni announced a $1.6 billion-a-year bailout for the country's electricity utility in a bid to stave off further downgrades to Pretoria's credit rating as he unveiled a new budget.
    (AFP, 2/20/19)

2019        Mar 5, In South Africa growing unrest at Sibanye-Stillwater's gold operations has left nine people dead since workers downed tools in November, prompting the country's mines minister to call on the police to step in and protect the local community.
    (Reuters, 3/5/19)

2019        Mar 6, A South African court handed jail terms of 23 and 18 years to two white farmers who murdered a black teenager suspected of stealing sunflowers in a remote farming community. Pieter Doorewaard (28) and Philip Schutte (35) were found to have killed 15-year-old Matlhomola Mosweu, also spelt Moshoeu, on April 20, 2017, after claiming they caught him taking a plant from a farm in the area.
    (AFP, 3/6/19)

2019        Mar 25, In South Africa the 16-nation Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) began 2-day talks pushing for a referendum on the status of Western Sahara.
    (AFP, 3/26/19)
2019        Mar 25, In South Africa mobs armed with metal rods and machetes began breaking into the homes of foreigners in Durban, chasing them out and looting their belongings. Three days of attacks displaced some 300 Malawi migrants, but no arrests resulted.
    (AFP, 4/15/19)

2019        Mar 26, In South Africa several southern African leaders threw their support behind Western Sahara, with one calling the disputed territory the "last colony" on the African continent.
    (AFP, 3/26/19)

2019        Apr 8, A South African court ruled that Michael Chang (63), a Mozambican ex-finance minister held since December on a US arrest warrant, can be extradited to either the United States or his home country. Ultimately the South African government is likely to decide where he goes.
    (AFP, 4/8/19)

2019        Apr 13, South African police intercepted 167 rhino horns believed to be destined for Southeast Asia, in one of the biggest such hauls ever in the country. Two suspects, aged 57 and 61, were arrested.
    (Reuters, 4/15/19)

2019        Apr 18, In South Africa 13 people were killed in the south-eastern province of KwaZulu-Natal during an Easter service after a church wall collapsed on them late today following days of heavy rains and strong winds.
    (Reuters, 4/19/19)

2019        Apr 24, Devastating floods in South Africa have left 51 dead and forced more than a thousand people from their homes, according to an updated toll as President Cyril Ramaphosa flew to the deluged region.
    (AFP, 4/24/19)

2019        Apr 25, A South African official said almost 70 people have been killed in South Africa after torrential rains along the eastern coast.
    (Reuters, 4/25/19)

2019        May 1, The Swiss-based IAAF, the sports world's highest court, ruled that Olympic champion Caster Semenya and other female runners like her with unusually high testosterone must take medication to reduce their levels of the male sex hormone if they want to compete in certain events. South Africa's Olympic athlete Caster Semenya said the decision will not hold her back.
    (AFP, 5/1/19)

2019        May 8, South Africa held parliamentary and provincial elections amid frustration with a lack of progress 25 years after Nelson Mandela’s ANC swept to power at the end of white minority rule in 1994.
    (Reuters, 5/08/19)

2019        May 10, South Africa’s ANC led the parliamentary race with 57% of the vote. The main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) was at 21% and the leftist Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) had garnered 10%.
    (AP, 5/10/19)

2019        May 11, The African National Congress retained control of South Africa's parliament but its share of the vote fell, a rebuke from voters fed up with corruption scandals and racial inequalities that remain entrenched a generation after the party took power. With all votes counted the ruling party secured 57.51% of the votes in the May 1 general election.
    (Reuters, 5/11/19)(SFC, 5/12/19, p.A4)

2019        May 14, Officials data showed that South Africa's unemployment rate has risen by half a percentage point to 27.6 percent.
    (AFP, 5/14/19)

2019        May 25, Trade unionist-turned-businessman Cyril Ramaphosa was sworn in as South Africa's president, vowing to create jobs and tackle deep-rooted corruption that has strangled economic growth.
    (Reuters, 5/25/19)

2019        Jun 4, South Africa's government announced that the economy dropped by the most in a decade in the first quarter of this year, hurting newly elected President Cyril Ramaphosa's efforts at growth and reforms.
    (AP, 6/4/19)

2019        Jun 12, It was reported that South African President Cyril Ramaphosa is under investigation by the country's anti-corruption watchdog over a 500,000 rand ($35,000) donation to his campaign fund from a company facing extensive graft allegations.
    (AFP, 6/12/19)

2019        Jun 20, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa delivered his first state-of-the-nation address since the ruling ANC party won elections in May.
    (AFP, 6/20/19)

2019        Jun 21, In South Africa cleaners found an abandoned fetus blocking the toilet of a domestic FlySafair plane, prompting the offloading of passengers and a police investigation.
    (AFP, 6/21/19)

2019        Jul 2, South Africa's ruling African National Congress used its majority to elect new committee heads, including lawmaker Bongani Bongo, accused of bribery, despite opposition from rival parties concerned over the caliber of nominees.
    (Reuters, 7/2/19)

2019        Jul 19, Former South African president Jacob Zuma abandoned his testimony to a state commission probing corruption allegations against him, asserting that he was being treated unfairly. But a deal was quickly reached for him to return at some point in the future.
    (AP, 7/19/19)
2019        Jul 19, A South African corruption watchdog said Pres. Cyril Ramaphosa deliberately misled Parliament about a campaign contribution last year from Africa Global Operations.
    (SSFC, 7/21/19, p.A4)

2019        Jul 28, An advisory report on land reform in South Africa recommended changing the constitution to allow the government to seize land without compensation but only in certain circumstances.
    (Reuters, 7/28/19)

2019        Jul, South African troops were sent to Mitchells Plain, an impoverished suburb outside Cape Town, to quell a bloody spate of gang violence.
    (SFC, 8/14/19, p.A4)

2019        Aug 8, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa won a court case against the anti-corruption watchdog over a matter concerning ally Pravin Gordhan, ahead of a fresh battle over findings against the president himself.
    (Reuters, 8/8/19)

2019        Aug 21, South Africa's Equality Court restricted the display of the country's old apartheid-era flag, ruling that its gratuitous use amounts to hate speech and racial discrimination.
    (AP, 8/21/19)

2019        Aug 23, South African authorities impounded an Airbus 220-300 aircraft leased by Tanzania's national flag carrier.
    (Reuters, 8/24/19)

2019        Aug 28, In South Africa police fired rubber bullets as protests erupted in the central business district of Pretoria with rioters setting several small businesses in the area alight. The chaos broke out after local taxi drivers clashed with drug dealers operating in the area.
    (AP, 8/28/19)

2019        Sep 2, In South Africa looting and violence spread across several neighborhoods in the major cities of Pretoria and Johannesburg, after a spate of overnight attacks that appeared to target foreign-owned shops. A pamphlet circulating on social media, attributed to a group called the Sisonke Peoples Forum, encouraged South Africans to chase foreigners out of their communities.
    (AP, 9/2/19)

2019        Sep 3, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa condemned days of widespread looting and arson attacks on foreign-owned businesses across Johannesburg and the capital Pretoria, calling the violence "totally unacceptable." Police have arrested more than 90 people in five areas impacted by the violence.
    (AP, 9/3/19)
2019        Sep 3, Nigerian youths took to the streets this evening in some Nigerian cities to attack South African owned businesses, amid a growing outcry about the attacks on many Nigerians living in South Africa.
    (AP, 9/4/19)

2019        Sep 5, Tanzania's national carrier suspended its flights from the commercial capital Dar es Salaam to Johannesburg, citing ongoing violence that was a risk to its passengers.
    (Reuters, 9/5/19)

2019        Sep 8, In South Africa two more people were killed in Johannesburg, bringing to 12 the number of deaths since violence against foreign-owned shops erupted last month. At least 640 people have been arrested since the violence erupted last week.
    (AP, 9/9/19)

2019        Sep 13, In South Africa Bavelile Hlongwa (38), the Deputy Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy, died in a car accident. South Africa's mining industry directly contributes more than 7% to the economy which has been struggling with anemic growth over the last decade.
    (Reuters, 9/14/19)

2019        Oct 10, The US Treasury sanctioned three members of the Gupta family, friends of former South African President Jacob Zuma who are accused of influence-peddling, and their business associate for their involvement in alleged corruption.
    (Reuters, 10/10/19)

2019        Oct 23, South African Airways (SAA) and Comair began returning grounded planes to service a day after South Africa's air safety regulator flagged maintenance problems.
    (Reuters, 10/23/19)
2019        Oct 23, Russia landed the world’s biggest military aircraft in South Africa, the Tupolev Tu-160 ‘Blackjack’ bomber, in a rare display of cooperation between the defense forces of the two countries. The two bombers, which are capable of launching nuclear missiles, are the first to ever land in Africa and were escorted by fighter jets from the South African Air Force as they arrived at the Waterkloof air base in Tshwane.
    (Bloomberg, 10/23/19)

2019        Oct 24, In South Africa hackers shut down the cyber network of Johannesburg City Council, targeting computers of local government employees in the economic hub. The attack via employee computers affected its call centers, website and online electronic platforms. The hackers allegedly demanded ransom in the form of bitcoins in exchange for reactivating internet and email links to the city's billing systems.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)

2019        Oct 28, It was reported that South Africa has imposed emergency measures, including rationing, to save dwindling water supplies after an abnormally hot, dry summer coupled with below average rainfall and a spike in usage pushes the country towards a crippling shortage.
    (Reuters, 10/28/19)
2019        Oct 28, Zimbabwe's national airline resumed flights to South Africa, after a halt last week when South Africa's state-run airports management firm barred the airline from using the country's airports over unpaid fees.
    (Reuters, 10/28/19)

2019        Oct 30, Police in the South African city of Cape Town used water cannons while dispersing and arresting hundreds of foreigners, including children, who have camped for weeks outside the UN refugee agency's office.
    (AP, 10/30/19)

2019        Nov 6, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa secured about 200 billion rand ($13.5 billion) of new investment pledges, saying these would spur economic growth and reduce unemployment, but foreign firms made few commitments.
    (Reuters, 11/6/19)

2019        Nov 11, It was reported that South African researchers and city officials are racing to understand the extent of a beetle infestation damaging trees across the country that, if left unaddressed, could have a ripple effect on the climate, air quality and ecosystems. The Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PSHB), indigenous to Southeast Asia, is a tiny beetle that drills holes into trees, depositing a fungus that can eventually kill its hosts.
    (Reuters, 11/11/19)

2019        Nov 12, South Africa's struggling state-owned airline South African Airways (SAA) said it could cut more than 900 jobs as it restructures to stem severe financial losses.
    (Reuters, 11/12/19)

2019        Nov 13, South African Airways (SAA) said it might never recover if a strike by labor unions goes ahead this week, underscoring how close the state-owned company is to collapse. Unions representing around 3,000 of SAA's 5,000-strong workforce said that cabin crew and other workers at SAA would go on strike on Nov. 15 over the airline's refusal to give in to salary hikes and its plan to cut more than 900 jobs.
    (Reuters, 11/13/19)

2019        Nov 14, In South Africa hundreds of asylum-seekers who have staged a sit-in protest outside the UN refugee agency in Pretoria for five weeks barged into the premises. The protesters said they are seeking protection and want UNHCR to relocate them to a safer country.
    (AFP, 11/14/19)

2019        Nov 15, South African police removed about 150 refugees who the United Nations refugee agency said forced their way into its compound in Pretoria while protesting recent anti-immigrant attacks.
    (AP, 11/15/19)
2019        Nov 15, South African Airways (SAA) said its future is hanging in the balance after its workers went on strike to demand higher wages and protest planned job cuts, forcing the struggling state-owned carrier to cancel all flights.
    (Reuter, 11/15/19)

2019        Nov 22, South African Airways (SAA) signed a wage deal with trade unions to end an eight-day strike that brought the cash-strapped state airline to the brink of collapse.
    (Reuters, 11/22/19)
2019        Nov 22, It was reported that a month's long drought is affecting most of southern Africa. The area has received just one normal rainfall in the last five growing seasons. More than 11 million people faced food insecurity in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.
    (SFC, 11/22/19, p.A6)

2019        Dec 5, South Africa was hit by power cuts after a number of generating units broke down, forcing the struggling state power utility Eskom to cut up to 2,000 megawatts (MW) of power from the national grid on a rotational basis.
    (Reuters, 12/5/19)

2019        Dec 6, In South Africa four mineworkers were killed and one was seriously injured after a rock fall at a gold mine trapped five workers underground. The collapse at the Village Main Reef's Tau Lekoa gold mine in North West province followed at least one earth tremor.
    (AP, 12/8/19)

2019        Dec 8, In Atlanta, Georgia, Zozibini Tunzi (b.1993), South African model, was crowned Miss Universe 2019. Tunzi had previously been crowned Miss South Africa 2019. She is the third woman from South Africa to win the title, and the first black woman since Leila Lopes was crowned Miss Universe 2011.

2019        Dec 10, Mines across South Africa shut down after flash flooding triggered the most severe power blackouts in more than a decade, threatening a key export sector in a further blow to the country's already slowing economy.
    (Reuters, 12/10/19)

2019        Dec 30, South African telecoms firm MTN said it was reviewing allegations raised in a US complaint which accuses several firms of paying protection money to militant Islamist groups in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 12/30/19)

2019        Journalist Pieter-Louis Myburgh authored "Gangster State: Unravelling Ace Magashule's Web of Capture," a riveting account of how a powerful South African politician used his position to divert funds intended for the disadvantaged to make his family and friends millionaires.
    (https://tinyurl.com/ybov3rg8)(Econ., 11/14/20, p.43)

2020        Jan 12, Ethiopia's PM Abiy Ahmed asked South Africa's president to intervene in his country's dispute with Egypt over a massive dam project on the Nile River, set to be Africa’s largest hydraulic dam.
    (AP, 1/12/20)

2020        Jan 19, South Africa's Communication Workers Union (CWU) said it is angered by Telkom's plan to cut up to 3,000 workers and called for an urgent meeting with the ruling party and the minister of communication.
    (Reuters, 1/19/20)

2020        Jan 28, A team overseeing SAA's bankruptcy protected restructuring said that cash-strapped state carrier South African Airways (SAA) will receive 3.5 billion rand ($244 million) of emergency funding from the Development Bank of Southern Africa.
    (Reuters, 1/28/20)

2020        Jan 30, Cash-strapped state carrier South African Airways (SAA) said it would "cancel and consolidate selected flights" to lower costs, days after it received a 3.5 billion rand ($244 million) government bailout to ease a mounting cash-flow crunch.
    (Reuters, 1/30/20)

2020        Feb 4, A judge in South Africa issued an arrest warrant for former president Jacob Zuma for failing to appear in court on a corruption case.
    (SFC, 2/5/20, p.A2)

2020        Feb 5, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in South Africa to discuss trade, investment and energy issues with Berlin's largest trading partner in Africa.
    (AP, 2/5/20)

2020        Feb 7, In South Africa Tazne van Wyk (7) went missing. Her body was found two weeks later after her suspected murderer led police to the storm drain where he said he had disposed of it. The suspect, a violent multiple offender had been released on parole. He was in prison for the kidnapping and murder of another child.
    (BBC, 3/22/20)

2020        Feb 11, In South Africa Joseph Shabalala (78), the founder of the South African multi-Grammy-Award-winning music group Ladysmith Black Mambazo, died in Pretoria. the choral group, founded in 1964, shot to world acclaim collaborating with Paul Simon on the “Graceland" album and many other artists.
    (AP, 2/11/20)

2020        Feb 24, In South Africa the Commission for Gender Equality (CGE) reported that dozens of HIV-positive South African women have been sterilized without consent or after being pressured to agree just before giving birth, sometimes being told while in pain on their way to the operating theater.
    (Reuters, 2/24/20)

2020        Mar 1, In South Africa hundreds of foreign migrants were removed from central Cape Town by authorities following a months-long stand-off. The group had lost their court bid to compel the government to fly them to what they said would be safer countries.
    (AP, 3/1/20)

2020        Mar 5, South Africa confirmed its first case of coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 3/5/20)

2020        Mar 10, A South African court cleared Pres. Cyril Ramaphosa of allegations that he misled parliament about the funding of his campaign to become leader of the ruling ANC party.
    (SFC, 3/11/20, p.A2)

2020        Mar 12, South Africa reported 17 confirmed coronavirus infections, including its first transmitted locally. Across Africa, 12 of the continent's 54 countries have registered COVID-19 cases, the most recent being Ivory Coast announcing one case.
    (AP, 3/12/20)

2020        Mar 15, South Africa reported its first local transmission of coronavirus, increasing the number of cases to 62. President Cyril Ramaphosa introduced social-distancing and declared a national state of disaster to combat the spread of the coronavirus as his counterparts in sub-Saharan Africa took similar steps to curb the threat in a region that accounts for only 1% of global health-care spending.
    (BBC, 3/16/20)(AP, 3/16/20)(Econ, 4/18/20, p.33)

2020        Mar 17, In South Africa Lt Col Leroy Brewer, a top rhino poaching investigator, was driving to work when he was shot dead by gunmen with high-caliber weapons. He died on the spot.
    (AP, 3/18/20)
2020        Mar 17, South Africa's national ports operator Transnet said it is holding the cruise liner, MV AidAmira, and a cargo vessel off Cape Town's port limits after a crew member onboard one of the vessels showed signs of coronavirus. The MV Aidamira, with 1,240 passengers and 486 crew on board, had returned to Cape Town from Namibia’s Walvis Bay.
    (Reuters, 3/17/20)(BBC, 3/18/20)

2020        Mar 18, In South Africa the number of people that tested positive for coronavirus rose to 116 from 85 the day before. 14 of those hadn’t traveled outside the country. South Africa stepped up travel bans as the virus continued to spread at a rapid pace.
    (Bloomberg, 3/18/20)

2020        Mar 19, South African authorities announced they would erect a fence along its border with Zimbabwe to prevent illegal immigrants from entering and spreading the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 3/19/20)

2020        Mar 20, South Africa said coronavirus cases have jumped to 202, the most in the sub-Saharan region, while the continent's busiest airport said foreigners cannot disembark. State-owned South African Airways suspended all international flights until June.
    (AP, 3/20/20)

2020        Mar 21, South Africa, which has the most cases in sub-Saharan Africa, confirmed 38 new coronavirus cases, taking its total to 240.
    (Reuters, 3/21/20)

2020        Mar 22, South Africa-based Standard Bank said it will give a payment holiday to small businesses and full-time students in a bid to ease financial pressures on its customers as COVID-19 spread across the country. South Africa has confirmed 240 cases of the virus so far.
    (Reuters, 3/22/20)
2020        Mar 22, The South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA) said around 1,240 German passengers stranded in Cape Town after their MV AidAmira cruise ship was quarantined for almost a week due to a coronavirus scare had either begun their journey home or would do so in the next day.
    (Reuters, 3/22/20)

2020        Mar 23, South Africa's coronavirus cases jumped to 402, up 128 from the day before. South Africa has not registered a death from the disease.
    (AP, 3/23/20)
2020        Mar 23, Ford Motor Co it has decided to temporarily halt vehicle and engine production at its factories in India, South Africa, Thailand and Vietnam in response to the growing impact of the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 3/23/20)

2020        Mar 24, In South Africa coronavirus cases leapt to 554, the most of any country in Africa. 43 of Africa's 54 countries now have cases, with the total at 1,788. Thirteen countries have reported 58 deaths.
    (AP, 3/24/20)

2020        Mar 25, In South Africa the coronavirus caseload rose past 700 as the country got ready to go on lockdown on March 27.
    (AP, 3/25/20)

2020        Mar 26, South African President Ramaphosa called on richer countries to support the continent's economies via stimulus packages to mitigate the devastation caused by the coronavirus, as his own country registered a jump to more than 900 cases.
    (Reuters, 3/26/20)

2020        Mar 27, South Africa began a three-week lockdown aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus as the disease claimed its first two victims in the country and the number of infections passed 1,000.
    (Bloomberg, 3/27/20)

2020        Mar 28, South African billionaire businessman Patrice Motsepe said his group of companies would donate 1 billion rand ($57 million) to help fight the coronavirus outbreak that has forced the country into total lockdown as infections climbed.
    (Reuters, 3/28/20)

2020        Mar 29, South African police and security guard shot a man dead during the coronavirus lockdown in Vosloorus township, just south of Johannesburg. The two suspects in the killing have been arrested.
    (Reuters, 3/30/20)

2020        Mar 31, South African scientist Gita Ramjee died from Covid-19-related complications.
    (BBC, 4/1/20)

2020        Mar, In South Africa some 218,000 farm animals, such as cows sheep or goats, were stolen over the last 12 months, up from 180,000 five years earlier. 87% of the cases involved criminal syndicates.
    (Econ., 11/21/20, p.42)

2020        Apr 2, South African police wearing riot gear forced their way into a church in central Cape Town to remove hundreds of foreign migrants who had been sheltering there for months. South Africa is in the midst of a 21-day lockdown because of the coronavirus pandemic.
    (AP, 4/2/20)

2020        Apr 3, South Africa has reported only five confirmed deaths from the coronavirus. About 1,400 people have tested positive for Covid-19 as South Africans mark their first week under one of the strictest lockdowns introduced anywhere in the world.
    (BBC, 4/3/20)

2020        Apr 5, In South Africa all 50 wedding guests, the pastor who conducted the ceremony, and the newlyweds themselves were promptly arrested and taken to a police station outside Richards Bay due to a country-wide ban on all public gatherings because of coronavirus.
    (BBC, 4/6/20)

2020        Apr 7, South Africa with 1,686 positive cases now had the highest national total. The Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that at least 10,075 people across Africa have tested positive for the novel coronavirus. So far, 487 people diagnosed with COVID-19 have died.
    (Reuters, 4/7/20)(ABC News, 4/7/20)

2020        Apr 8, South Africa has announced the death of five patients who were undergoing treatment for coronavirus, the highest to be reported in a day so far, bringing the total number of deaths in the country to 18.
    (BBC, 4/9/20)

2020        Apr 12, South Africa, which has banned the sale of all alcohol and cigarettes under a coronavirus lockdown that triggered a wave of lootings of liquor shops, said it had caught police officers who were complicit in illegal alcohol sales.
    (Reuters, 4/12/20)

2020        Apr 14, South Africa’s central bank unexpectedly cut its benchmark interest rate to a record low. The repurchase rate was reduced to 4.25% from 5.25% after the May meeting of the monetary policy committee was moved earlier and took place today.
    (Bloomberg, 4/14/20)

2020        Apr 18, South Africa reported 251 new coronavirus infections, its biggest daily increase, bringing the total to 3,034.
    (Bloomberg, 4/18/20)

2020        Apr 26, More than 200 Cuban doctors arrived in Johannesburg to help fight the coronavirus. Cuba, with 1,337 recorded cases of Covid-19 and 51 deaths, has the world's highest ratio of doctors to population and began preparing for the virus early.
    (BBC, 4/26/20)

2020        Apr 29, South Africa has reported most confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Africa, with more than 4,360, including 86 deaths. Disabled migrants faced hunger as a lockdown continued for a fifth week.
    (AP, 4/29/20)
2020        Apr 29, Veteran South African anti-apartheid activist Denis Goldberg (87), who was tried alongside Nelson Mandela, died at his hoke near Cape Town.
    (BBC, 4/30/20)

2020        May 1, South Africa began easing one of the world's strictest lockdowns, with runners and dog-walkers returning eagerly to the streets but not all wearing the face masks that are now mandatory. South Africa has more than 5,600 cases of COVID-19.
    (Reuters, 5/1/20)

2020        May 2, In South Africa thousands of people stood in line for hours in a South African township waiting for handouts of food. The scene has repeated for days.
    (AP, 5/2/20)

2020        May 8, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa said that African countries needed a two-year debt standstill due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, longer than a moratorium agreed by G20 governments last month.
    (Reuters, 5/8/20)

2020        May 10, South Africa's Western Cape province has 5,621 coronavirus cases, and of the country's 206 deaths registered from COVID-19, 116 have occurred in the province. South Africa has eased its restrictions to allow an estimated 1.6 million people to return to work in selected mines, factories and businesses. Western Cape premier Alan Winde said South Africa is expected to reach its peak of cases in August.
    (AP, 5/11/20)

2020        May 12, It was reported that the US government is donating up to 1,000 ventilators to South Africa the help the country respond to COVID-19.
    (AP, 5/12/19, p.A5)(SFC, 5/13/20, p.A5)

2020        May 14, South Africa said it will assign levels of lockdown restrictions for each of the country's roughly 50 districts, depending on the number of active coronavirus infections there.
    (Reuters, 5/14/20)
2020        May 14, Facebook and a team of African and global telecom majors said they have struck a deal to build one of the world's largest subsea cable networks, boosting internet availability across three continents. The 2Africa partners included South Africa's MTN GlobalConnect, Mauritius-based infrastructure provider WIOCC, China Mobile International, French telecoms major Orange SA, Saudi Arabia's stc, Telecom Egypt, and Vodafone.
    (Reuters, 5/14/20)

2020        May 15, South Africa's High Court ordered the suspension of soldiers and police officers who were at or near the home of a man who was killed on April 10, following allegations he was beaten to death by security forces. Collins Khosa died in the poor township of Alexandra.
    (Reuters, 5/15/20)

2020        May 16, South Africa's Impala Platinum said it had detected 19 positive cases of the COVID-19 disease at its Marula operation in northern Limpopo province, and that it would close the plant until it had taken necessary health measures.
    (Reuters, 5/16/20)

2020        May 17, South Africa reported 1,160 new coronavirus infections, the highest daily numbers yet. The country has the highest number of cases in Africa - 15,515, with 264 deaths.
    (BBC, 5/18/20)

2020        May 24, It was reported that operations at the world's deepest gold mine, in South Africa, have been halted after 164 cases of coronavirus were detected there.
    (BBC, 5/24/20)

2020        May 29, South Africa said it has a backlog of nearly 100,000 unprocessed tests for the coronavirus, a striking example of the painful shortage of testing kits and reagents across Africa as cases steadily rise. The country has the most confirmed cases in Africa with 27,403.
    (AP, 5/29/20)

2020        Jun 1, In South Africa long queues formed outside shops selling alcohol after restrictions on its sale, imposed two months ago as part of measures to fight Covid-19, were lifted.
    (BBC, 6/1/20)

2020        Jun 3, A South African court has found some coronavirus lockdown regulations imposed by the government "unconstitutional and invalid". The judge picked out rules around funerals, informal workers and amount of exercise as "irrational". The government was given 14 days to overhaul the regulations.
    (BBC, 6/3/20)

2020        Jun 8, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa said that he's worried about fast rising coronavirus infections. More than half of South Africa’s more than 48,000 confirmed cases have been recorded in the last two weeks.
    (AP, 6/8/20)
2020        Jun 8, In South Africa the stabbed body of Tshegofatso Pule (28), reported missing on June 4, was found hanging from a tree near Johannesburg. She was eight months pregnant.  Suspect Mzikayise Malephane was arrested on June 15. In 2021 Malephane (31) pleaded guilty at a court in Johannesburg. He accused her ex-boyfriend of paying him to carry out the killing. In 2021 prosecutors charged boyfriend Ntuthuko Ntokozo Shoba with planning Pule's murder and paying the killer.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y7w5pfvd)(BBC, 6/17/20)(BBC, 2/19/21)(BBC, 2/22/21)
2020        Jun 8, South Africa partially reopened its schools. After 5 weeks nearly 800 schools reported cases of COVID-19.
    (Econ., 7/18/20, p.50)

2020        Jun 20, South Africa reported 5,000 new COVID-19 cases as the country continued to loosen lockdown measures under economic pressure.
    (SSFC, 6/21/20, p.A6)

2020        Jun 22, In South Africa a strike by minibus taxi drivers over what they say is inadequate coronavirus relief funds has disrupted the return of scores of thousands of people to work. The minibus taxis have been restricted in the hours they can work the number of passengers they can carry due to the coronavirus lockdown.
    (AP, 6/22/20)
2020        Jun 22, The African Center for Disease Control and Prevention said that the continent now has 306,567 confirmed cases of the coronavirus including 8,115 deaths. South Africa accounted for nearly a third of the cases.
    (SFC, 6/23/20, p.A6)

2020        Jun 24, Africa's first participation in a COVID-19 vaccine trial started today as volunteers received injections developed at the University of Oxford in Britain. The large-scale trial is being conducted in South Africa, Britain and Brazil.
    (AP, 6/24/20)

2020        Jun 25, South Africa's Minerals Council said the mining industry has recorded 1,796 cases of COVID-19 with six deaths, as mines ramp up after an extended shutdown. The country has seen 2,205 deaths from COVID-19.
    (AP, 6/25/20)

2020        Jul 1, In South Africa some protesters against Africa’s first COVID-19 vaccine trial burned their face masks as experts note a worrying level of resistance and misinformation around testing on the continent.
    (AP, 7/1/20)

2020        Jul 3, South Africa reported another record high of daily coronavirus cases with 8,728. Total cases now numbered more than 168,000.
    (SFC, 7/4/20, p.A5)

2020        Jul 4, South Africa reported another record daily high in confirmed coronavirus cases. Confirmed cases climbed to more than 177,000, with a record 9,063 reported in the most recent 24-hour period.
    (AP, 7/4/20)

2020        Jul 5, South Africa for the first time recorded over 10,000 new confirmed coronavirus cases. This brought its total to more than 187,000.
    (SFC, 7/6/20, p.A5)

2020        Jul 7, South Africa has confirmed 159,333 total cases of the coronavirus and 2,749 deaths.
    (BBC, 7/7/20)

2020        Jul 10, South Africa overnight posted another record daily high of confirmed cases, 13,674, as Africa’s most developed country is a new global hot spot with 238,339 cases overall. More than a third are in Gauteng province. Gauteng Premier David Makhura announced he had tested positive with mild symptoms.
    (AP, 7/10/20)

2020        Jul 11, In South Africa five people were killed after attackers stormed the International Pentecostal Holiness Church on the outskirts of Johannesburg, reportedly amid an argument over its leadership. At least 40 people were arrested including members of SAPS, the South African National Defence Force, the Johannesburg Metro Police Department and the Department of Correctional Services.
    (AP, 7/11/20)
2020        Jul 11, South Africa now has more than 250,000 confirmed cases, including more than 3,800 deaths.
    (AP, 7/11/20)

2020        Jul 12, South Africa introduced new restrictions, including another ban on alcohol sales, to prevent drunks from taking up precious space in hospitals and to help contain the spread of coronavirus.
    (BBC, 7/12/20)(Econ., 8/8/20, p.37)

2020        Jul 13, A statue of British imperialist Cecil Rhodes was decapitated overnight in Cape Town in South Africa. Rhodes, a white supremacist, led the British colonization of parts of southern Africa during the 19th Century and made a fortune from mining.
    (BBC, 7/15/20)

2020        Jul 18, South Africa's 337,000 cases of coronavirus made up roughly half of all confirmed infections on the African continent and its struggles are a sign of trouble to come for nations with fewer health care resources.
    (AP, 7/18/20)

2020        Jul 19, South Africa reported more than 350,800 cases of the coronavirus, ranking it fifth in the world and accounting for half the infections in Africa.
    (SFC, 7/20/20, p.A6)

2020        Jul 23, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa announced a wide-ranging investigation into claims that unscrupulous officials and private companies are looting efforts to protect the country’s 57 million people. South Africa now has more than 434,000 confirmed virus cases.
    (AP, 7/26/20)
2020        Jul 23, South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) announced a record increase of 572 coronavirus deaths over the previous 24 hours. South Africa witnessed some 17,000 extra deaths from natural causes or 59% more than would normally be expected between early May and mid-July, scientists said, suggesting many more people are dying of COVID-19 than shown in official figures.
    (AFP, 7/23/20)    (Reuters, 7/23/20)

2020        Jul 24, South African police officers used water cannon to disperse protesters marching outside Parliament over the plight of the hospitality industry during the coronavirus pandemic. A day earlier confirmed cases in South Africa of the coronavirus surpassed 400,000.
    (AP, 7/24/20)
2020        Jul 24, In South Africa 68 inmates escaped from the Malmesbury Prison in the Western Cape. After all escapees were rearrested following a 2-day manhunt.
    (BBC, 7/26/20)

2020        Jul 27, South Africa said it had agreed to a $4.3 billion loan from the IMF for COVID-19 related help.
    (Econ., 8/1/20, p.38)
2020        Jul 30, South Africa's health ministry said there were 11,046 new cases of COVID-19 reported across the country. That brings the national total to 482,169, including 7,812 deaths.
    (Good Morning America, 7/31/20)

2020        Aug 1, South Africa announced 10,107 new cases, bringing the tally to 503,290, along with 8,153 deaths.
    (BBC, 8/2/20)

2020        Aug 17, US drug developer Novavax Inc said that it is starting a mid-stage study of its experimental COVID-19 vaccine in South Africa, as the country experiences a surge in coronavirus cases. South Africa is fifth worst affected country with 583,653 coronavirus cases and 11,677 deaths.
    (Reuters, 8/17/20)

 2020        Aug 18, South Africans were again are allowed to buy alcohol and cigarettes as the government relaxed lockdown restrictions introduced to curb the spread of coronavirus.
    (BBC, 8/18/20)

2020        Aug 22, In South Africa Fredie Blom, thought to be the oldest man in the world, died in Cape Town at the age of 116.
    (AP, 8/23/20)

2020        Aug 26, In South Africa Nathaniel Julius (16), who had Down's syndrome, was shot dead after going out to buy biscuits in Johannesburg's Eldorado Park suburb. A day later hundreds of local residents took to the streets to protest, leading to violent clashes with police. Two police officers were soon arrested over the deadly shooting.
    (BBC, 8/29/20)
2020        Aug 26, In South Africa well-known conservationist West Mathewson died after he was mauled by two white lions as he was taking them for a walk.
    (BBC, 8/27/20)

2020        Sep 3, South African healthcare workers protested against poor working conditions and urged the government to end corruption in the purchase of COVID-19 personal protective equipment.
    (AP, 9/3/20)

2020        Sep 7, In South Africa protests over a hair advertisement, viewed as racially offensive, forced the closure of at least 60 outlets of a chain of drugstores of nationwide retailer Clicks. Some supporters of the Economic Freedom Fighters vandalized some stores.
    (AP, 9/7/20)

2020        Sep 9, Top South African human rights lawyer George Bizos (92), who famously defended Nelson Mandela, died.
    (BBC, 9/10/20)

2020        Sep 17, South Africa, which had one of the world's earliest and strictest lockdowns, announced a further easing of anti-coronavirus measures, effective on Sept. 20. South Africa has so far reported more than 650,000 confirmed infections, with over 15,000 deaths. The number of new cases has dropped from about 12,000 per day in July to fewer than 2,000.
    (AP, 9/17/20)

2020        Oct 1, South Africa reopened to international flights, ending a more than six-month ban on international travel that was part of its restrictions to combat the spread of COVID-19.
    (AP, 10/1/20)

2020        Oct 1, In South Africa Brendin Horner (21) was reportedly killed by suspected stock thieves in the rural town of Senekal in Free State province. His body was found the next day tied to a pole on the farm he managed. On Oct. 6 white farmers stormed a court building and burned a police vehicle demanding that suspects Sekwetje Mahlamba and Sekola Matlaletsa be handed over to them.
    (BBC, 10/7/20)

2020        Oct 5, In South Africa car and villa seizures were accompanied by seven arrests, of businessmen and provincial government officials and bureaucrats, charged with multiple counts of wrongdoing in relation to a huge asbestos-removal contract - counts that all boil down to the fundamental, and seemingly ubiquitous, crime of insider trading on state procurement deals.
    (BBC, 10/9/20)

2020        Oct, In South Africa Fikile Ntshangase (65), who was fighting a plan to start an opencast mine on the site of her village, was shot dead. Tendele's Somkhele mine in KwaZulu-Natal has been open since 2006. The company wants to expand its operations by 22,000 hectares and this would mean about 200 families in the villages of Ophondweni and Emalahleni would need to be relocated.
    (BBC , 11/23/20)

2020        Nov 2, South African pharmaceutical firm Aspen Pharmacare announced a deal with US firm Johnson & Johnson to manufacture its COVID-19 vaccine candidate, if it is approved in South Africa and internationally.
    (AP, 11/2/20)

2020        Nov 6, South African authorities said they have begun deporting 20 refugees and asylum seekers who were part of a months-long sit-in protest against xenophobia. More migrants were expected to be deported.
    (BBC, 11/6/20)
2020        Nov 6, It was reported that criminals, dressed in the uniforms of a well-known South African security company, attacked guards collecting cash in daylight from a takeaway in Johannesburg. After stealing the guards' van, they blew it up with explosives, extracted the cash and sped off in a Porsche and a Volvo SUV.
    (The Telegraph, 11/6/20)

2020        Nov 10, South African authorities issued an arrest warrant for Ace Magashule, the secretary-general of the ANC, on corruption charges related to a contract to remove asbestos from roofs in Free State province.
    (Econ., 11/14/20, p.43)

2020        Nov 11, President Cyril Ramaphosa announced that South Africa has opened up international travel to visitors from all countries. Cases of the disease were slowly increasing in the country.
    (AP, 11/12/20)
2020        Nov 11, In South Africa armed men broke into a farm belonging to Mark Regal and his wife in Free State province. Mrs. Regal returned fire and killed one of the intruders. But Mr Regal (50) was overpowered and killed, the seventh farmer to be murdered in the province in six weeks.
    (The Telegraph, 11/14/20)

2020        Nov 14, Well-known Christian millionaire preacher Shepherd Bushiri skipped bail in South Africa and fled to Malawi, his home country. Bushiri is accused of money laundering and fraud along with his wife and two others.
    (BBC, 11/15/20)

2020        Dec 1, In South Africa a PowerBall lottery saw the numbers five, six, seven, eight and nine drawn, while the Powerball itself was 10. Some South Africans have alleged a scam and an investigation was under way.
    (BBC, 12/2/20)

2020        Dec 4, In South Africa seven people were hospitalized after an early-morning explosion and fire at an oil refinery near the harbor in the city of Durban.
    (AP, 12/4/20)

2020        Dec 9, South Africa recorded 6,700 new cases of the coronavirus. The country has reported a total of 828,598 cases, including 22,574 deaths.
    (SFC, 12/11/20, p.A5)

2020        Dec 14, South Africa's pharmaceutical regulator SAHPRA said it has received its first application to register a COVID-19 vaccine from Johnson & Johnson.
    (Reuters, 12/14/20)

2020        Dec 18, South Africa first reported a new, faster-spreading variant of the coronavirus. The first samples dated from mid-October. The new strain (known as 501.V2), different from the one in Britain, appears to be more infectious than the original virus. South African scientists are studying if the vaccines against COVID-19 will also offer protection against the new strain.
    (AP, 12/21/20)(Reuters, 12/24/20)(Econ., 1/2/21, p.57)

2020        Dec 24, South Africa's infection tally rose to 968,563. South Africa has recorded 25,983 deaths, the highest figure on the continent.
    (Reuters, 12/25/20)

2020        Dec 27, South Africa confirmed 1,004,413 Covid-19 infections and 26,735 deaths since the outbreak began in March.
    (BBC, 12/28/20)

2020        Dec 28, South Africa's doctors urged the government to return to tighter restrictions on social gatherings and the sales of alcohol to slow the spread of the disease.
    (AP, 12/28/20)
2020        Dec 28, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa said "reckless behavior" caused by drinking increased the risk of spreading Covid as he announced a ban on liquor sales.
    (BBC, 12/30/20)

2021        Jan 7, South Africa said it will vaccinate 40 million people, or two-thirds of its population, against COVID-19 in order to achieve herd immunity, as a mutant variant drove daily new cases above 21,000 for the first time.
    (Reuters, 1/7/21)

2021        Jan 8, It was reported that South African scientists are testing whether vaccines will be less effective against a COVID-19 variant, known as 501Y.V2, first detected locally and hope for initial results within two weeks.
    (AP, 1/8/21)

2021        Jan 15, It was reported that South African scientists have discovered chemical compounds that could potentially be used for a new line of drugs to treat malaria and even kill the parasite in its infectious stage, which most available drugs do not.
    (Reuters, 1/15/21)

2021        Jan 21, South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa announced that Jackson Mthembu (62), a central figure in communicating the South African government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic, has died of complications from the coronavirus.
    (AP, 1/21/21)

2021        Jan 23, Anti-apartheid jazz trombonist and composer Jonas Gwangwa (83) died. He was nominated for an Oscar for music he composed for the 1987 movie “Cry Freedom," which starred Denzel Washington and Kevin Kline.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonas_Gwangwa)(AP, 1/24/21)

2021        Jan 24, A White House official said Pres. Joe Biden will ban travel by noncitizens into the US from South Africa as of Jan. 30 because of concern about a coronavirus variant spreading in that country.
    (NY Times, 1/24/21)

2021        Jan 27, South Africa said it has given fast-track approval to AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use and is reviewing applications by rival manufacturers Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson.
    (Reuters, 1/27/21)

2021        Jan 28, It was reported that South Africa's military has changed its dress policy to allow Muslim women to wear hijabs with their uniforms.
    (BBC, 1/28/21)

2021        Feb 2, It was reported that South African President Cyril Ramaphosa has eased some restrictions imposed due to coronavirus, including lifting an unpopular ban on alcohol sales.
    (AP, 2/2/21)

2021        Feb 7, South Africa halted its rollout of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine after a study showed "disappointing" results against its new Covid variant. Scientists say the variant accounts for 90% of new Covid cases in South Africa.
    (NY Times, 2/7/21)

2021        Feb 8, South Africa said it will roll out the AstraZeneca vaccine in a "stepped manner" to assess its efficacy in preventing severe illness.
    (AP, 2/8/21)

2021        Feb 15, Jacob Zuma, the former president of South Africa whose nearly decade-long tenure was tainted by breathtaking corruption scandals, refused to appear before an inquiry panel, raising the possibility that he would be imprisoned for contempt.
    (NY Times, 2/15/21)
2021        Feb 15, South Africa reopened at least 20 border posts with neighboring countries after closing them last month to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus.
    (AP, 2/15/21)
2021        Feb 15, South Africa's drugs regulator SAHPRA said it has approved an implementation study of Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine, clearing the way to start the country's first inoculations among health workers.
    (Reuters, 2/15/21)

2021        Feb 17, South Africa started Covid-19 vaccinations following the suspension of an earlier plan to use the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine. South Africa is using the Johnson & Johnson vaccine which is administered as a single dose.
    (AP, 2/17/21)

2021        Feb 19, Two of the South African government's top advisers on COVID-19 backed Pfizer's vaccine, despite a study earlier this week showing that the dominant local coronavirus variant may reduce protective antibodies it triggers.
    (Reuters, 2/19/21)

2021        Feb 21, In South Africa leading Rwandan opposition politician Seif Bamporiki was shot dead. He ran a bed shop in Cape Town and was making a delivery in Nyanga township when he was shot after being confronted by two men in an apparent robbery.
    (BBC, 2/22/21)

2021        Feb 24, South Africa said it plans to spend $712 million to vaccinate some 67% of its 60 million people to control the country's COVID-19 battle and get the economy to rebound from its decline of 7.2% last year.
    (AP, 2/24/21)

2021        Feb 25, South Africa said it aims to vaccinate around 1.1 million people against COVID-19 by the end of March as it ramps up its immunization program.
    (Reuters, 2/25/21)

2021        Mar 3, It was reported that research by South African scientists suggests that antibodies triggered by exposure to the country's dominant coronavirus variant, 501Y.V2, can prevent infection by other variants.
    (Reuters, 3/3/21)

2021        Mar 3, Interpol said police in China and South Africa have seized thousands of doses of counterfeit Covid-19 vaccine and made dozens of arrests. The discovery in South Africa was reported by the country's Sunday Times newspaper at the end of December.
    (AP, 3/4/21)

2021        Mar 4, Prominent South African journalist Karima Brown (54) died of COVID-19. Brown's lively television show, The Fix, about South Africa's politics, was widely watched and she was known for pithy, outspoken comments on corruption, women's rights, racial inequality, and other issues.
    (AP, 3/4/21)

2021        Mar 10, In South Africa at least one person has died and two students have been injured in clashes between university students and police over tuition fees at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg.
    (AP, 3/10/21)

2021        Mar 11, South Africa's Education Minister Blade Nzimanede said that the education budget will reallocate funds to ensure that all qualifying students are allowed to register for their studies. The government pledge came a day after Mthokozisi Ntumba (35) was allegedly shot and killed by the police when they opened fire on protesting students.
    (AP, 3/11/21)

2021        Mar 12, In South Africa King Goodwill Zwelithini (72) of the Zulu nation died in hospital where he was being treated for diabetes-related issues. He was named successor to the throne at just 20 years old in 1968, but was not crowned until 1971 because he went into hiding after receiving death threats.
    (BBC, 3/12/21)

2021        Mar 21, South Africa's health ministry said it has concluded the sale of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines it had acquired but did not use to other African Union (AU) member states.
    (AP, 3/21/21)

2021        Mar 30, In South Africa Ace Magashule, secretary-general of South Africa's African National Congress (ANC), was given a 30-day ultimatum to step down after being charged with embezzling public funds while he was premier of the Free State province. He refused to resign voluntarily, which resulted in the ANC suspending him.
    (BBC, 5/6/21)

2021        Apr 1, It was reported that South Africa's health regulator has approved Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine, paving the way for large-scale deliveries of the shot the government has put at the heart of its immunization plans.
    (Reuters, 4/1/21)

2021        Apr 8, Naspers' Dutch-listed subsidiary Prosus NV sold a 2% stake in the Chinese gaming and social media giant in the world's largest-ever block trade, reducing its stake to 28.9%. Investors in Naspers Ltd, a South African multinational consumer Internet company, said they want proceeds from a $14.7 billion stake sale in its Tencent Holdings investment to go towards blockbuster acquisitions or a share buyback.
    (Reuters, 4/8/21)

2021        Apr 13, South Africa's Supreme Court denied state funding for former Pres. Jacob Zuma in an upcoming corruption trial and ordered him to pay back an estimated $2 million in lawyers' charges that he has received over the years.
    (SFC, 4/14/21, p.A3)

2021        Apr 16, South Africa took the first step in its mass vaccination campaign by starting online registrations for the elderly to receive shots beginning next month.
    (AP, 4/16/21)

2021        Apr 17, In South Africa a suspected poacher was trampled and killed by a herd of elephants at Kruger National Park. The deceased man and his accomplices were fleeing from park rangers when they unexpectedly encountered a breeding herd of elephants.
    (CBS News, 4/19/21)

2021        Apr 18, South African authorities said a wildfire is raging out of control on the slopes of Table Mountain above the city of Cape Town. The fire destroyed the Reading Room at the Univ. of Cape Town's 200-year-old Jagger Library. The historic Mostert's Mill, built in 1796 and the oldest surviving windmill in South Africa, was destroyed.
    (BBC, 4/18/21)(AP, 4/19/21)

2021        Apr 28, South Africa resumed giving the Johnson & Johnson vaccine to health care workers after a more than two-week pause in the use of the only COVID-19 inoculation in the country.
    (AP, 4/28/21)

2021        May 7, It was reported that South Africa will end its captive lion industry. The move would outlaw "canned hunting" and sale of their bones as well as popular tourist experiences like petting cubs. Wild lion hunts were not affected and would continue under strict controls.
    (SFC, 5/7/21, p.A3)

2021        May 26, Jacob Zuma, the former South African president, pleaded not guilty in a corruption trial involving a $5bn (Ł3bn) arms deal from the 1990s.
    (AP, 5/26/21)

2021        May 30, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa announced that his country will return to stricter lockdown measures in the face of a sharp rise in COVID-19 cases that indicate the virus is “surging again" in Africa's worst-affected nation.
    (AP, 5/30/21)

2021        Jun 8, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa put his health minister, Zweli Mkhize, on special leave, after allegations that his department irregularly awarded COVID-19-related contracts to a communications company controlled by his former associates.
    (Reuters, 6/8/21)

2021        Jun 9, It was reported that Gosiame Thamara Sithole, a South African woman, has given birth to 10 babies in what would be a new world record. An official inquiry later found the story to be fake. The 37-year-old is now being held under the mental health act for observation and will be provided with support.
    (BBC, 6/9/21)(BBC, 6/23/21)

2021        Jun 11, South Africa said it has finalized an extradition treaty with the UAE that would allow it to bring back members of an Indian family accused of involvement in high-level state corruption to face trial. Brothers Ajay, Atul and Rajesh Gupta are believed to be living in Dubai.
    (AP, 6/11/21)

2021        Jun 14, South Africa’s COVID-19 vaccine rollout was hit by further delays as it will have to discard at least 2 million Johnson & Johnson vaccines produced in the country. The vaccines were found by the US Food and Drug Administration to be unsuitable for use due to possible contamination of their ingredients at a Baltimore plant.
    (AP, 6/14/21)

2021        Jun 20, The South African government said that stones found in a village last month are not diamonds but quartz. A cattle herder first uncovered the stones in KwaZulu-Natal province. This prompted thousands to rush to KwaHlathi village, more than 300km (186 miles) south-east of Johannesburg.
    (BBC, 6/20/21)

2021        Jun 21, The World Health Organization (WHO) said that it is setting up a technology transfer hub for producing mRNA COVID-19 vaccines in South Africa, which could start manufacturing doses in 9 to 12 months.
    (Reuters, 6/21/21)

2021        Jun 25, It was reported that a rapid resurgence of COVID-19 is slamming South Africa's largest city, Johannesburg, and threatens to overwhelm its hospitals.
    (AP, 6/25/21)

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