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  Singapore is linked to the Asian mainland by a causeway.
 (SFEC, 12/20/98, p.T2)
  In 1999 the city-sate of Singapore had a population of 3.7 million.
 (WSJ, 6/2/99, p.A1)

1781        Jul 5, Stamford Raffles, founder of Singapore, was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1819        Singapore was declared a free port after it was taken over by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781-1826), an officer of the British East India Co. Sultan Hussein was enthroned by the British but he never ruled. Raffles laid out the city into ethnic zones.
     (WSJ, 11/12/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 7/22/99, p.A23)(SFCM, 3/11/01, p.70)(SSFC, 2/07/04, p.C9)

1834        Sultan Hussein left Singapore for the Malaysian port of Melaka.
    (WSJ, 7/22/99, p.A23)

1835        Sultan Hussein died at Melaka.
    (WSJ, 7/22/99, p.A23)

1854        Alfred Russel Wallace began his historic study of Malay flora and fauna in and around Bukit Timah hill in Singapore.
    (NH, 4/1/04, p.56)

1867        Apr 1, Singapore, Penang & Malakka became British crown colonies.

1887        The Raffles Hotel was built in Singapore. It was restored in 1991.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.C11)

1900        British rulers set up the Kampung Baru (new village) enclave in Kuala Lumpur as an exclusive preserve for Malays.
    (WSJ, 8/18/04, p.A7)

1918        Feb 7, Singapore businessman Ong Sam Leong (b.1857) died. He made a fortune out of his monopoly on the supply of coolie labor from China to phosphate mines on Christmas Island.

1937        In Singapore the Haw Par Villa, a theme park dedicated to filial piety, was created by the brothers behind the Tiger Balm empire.
    (SSFC, 10/19/14, p.N2)
1937        Lee Kuan Yew became prime minister of Singapore.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A11)

1941        Feb 8, Japanese armored barges crossed the Strait of Johore to attack Singapore.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1941        Dec 8, Japanese General Yamashita began his attack against the British army at Singapore. General Tomoyuki Yamashita earned the name "Tiger of Malaya" for his masterful capture of Singapore and the whole Malay Peninsula from the British, who had a superior number of troops.  Yamashita’s forces landed on the northern Malay Peninsula and southern Thailand on December 8, 1941, and moved rapidly southward toward Singapore, which surrendered on February 15, 1942. The peninsula and Singapore remained under Japanese control throughout the war. Later in the war, while defending the Philippines from Gen. MacArthur‘s return, Yamashita's troops wantonly slaughtered more than 100,000 Filipinos in Manila. He was later tried and executed for war crimes.
    (HN, 12/8/98)(HNQ, 4/5/00)

1942        Feb 8, The Japanese landed on Singapore. By 1941, Gen. Yamashita was the commanding general of Japan’s Twenty-Fifth Army. His plans for taking Singapore were already underway.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1942        Feb 15, British forces in Singapore surrendered to Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita. Yamashita prevailed, when British Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur Percival and 130,000 Empire troops surrendered. Churchill described this as the "worst disaster" in the history of British warfare.
    (AP, 2/15/98)(Econ., 1/9/21, p.17)

1945-1949    A series of wars for independence during this period spread from India to Burma, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore. In 2007 Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper authored “Forgotten Wars: Freedom and Revolution in Southeast Asia."
    (WSJ, 8/9/07, p.D7)

1954        In Singapore Lee Kuan Yew founded the People’s Action Party (PAP). He won his first parliamentary seat a year later.
    (Econ, 3/12/15, p.77)

1955        Jul 1, Singapore’s government started the Central Provident Fund, a compulsory comprehensive social security savings plan. It required contributions from both employees and employers.
    (Econ, 4/3/10, SR p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Provident_Fund)

1959        Lee Kuan Yew (b.1923) was elected as prime minister of Singapore and continued serving until 1990.
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A8)

1960        Singapore’s Housing and Development Board (HDB was formed replacing a city planning agency created by British colonialists.
    (Econ 7/8/17, p.35)

1963        Jul 9, Federation of Malaysia formed under bitter opposition from Indonesia. Indonesia refused to recognize the country and waged a guerrilla war against it. Race riots erupted between ethnic Malays and the Chinese majority. [see Sep 16]
    (MC, 7/9/02)(HNQ, 5/14/98)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.C10)

1963        Sep 16, The Federation of Malaysia was formally established. It joined Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, and North Borneo with Tunku Abdul Rahman (60) as prime minister.
    (PC, 1992, p.988)

1964        Mar 26, Singapore began using the Merlion symbol, designed by Alec Fraser-Brunner, a member of the Souvenir Committee and curator of the Van Kleef Aquarium, as the logo of the Singapore Tourism Board (STB) and continued to 1997. The STB changed their logo in 1997, but the STB Act continues to protect the Merlion symbol. The Merlion appears frequently on STB-approved souvenirs.

1964        Jul 21, In Singapore a race riot broke out during a Malay procession marking the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. In the first day of rioting, 23 people were killed and 454 injured.

1964        Aug 25, Singapore limited imports from Netherlands due to Indonesian aggression.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1964        Sep 3, In Singapore a second race riot occurred following incidents in July. 13 people were killed and 106 people were injured.

1965        Aug 9, Singapore gained independence as the Republic of Singapore (remaining within the Commonwealth of Nations). Yusof Ishak took office as the country’s first president. Lee Kuan Yew became the new prime minister. This day is marked annually as Singapore’s National Day.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore)(SFC, 6/8/96, p.A11)(WSJ, 12/31/96, p.1)

1967        Aug 8, The Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN was established in Bangkok by the five original Member Countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984, Vietnam on 28 July 1995, Laos and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999.

1969        Nov 23, Jonathan Seet, Canadian singer, was born in Singapore. Seet was born to a Singaporean father and an Irish mother who emigrated to Canada shortly after he was born.

1971        Nov 1, The Five Power Defense Arrangements were concluded by the defense ministers of Australia, Britain, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore. In 2017 it was upgraded to deal with terrorism threats and new security concerns.
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.54)(AP, 6/2/17)

1972        The Jehovah’s Witnesses were banned because their male followers refused compulsory military duty.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A10)

1973        In Singapore the Bukit Brown Chinese cemetery closed to new applicants. In 2013 plans proceeded on an 8-lane expressway through it.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, p.52)

1974        Temasek (Malay for sea town) was founded to hold Singapore’s investments in various businesses. In 2004 it employed 170,000 people under Ho Ching and controlled a fifth of the local stock market. In 2009 Charles Goodyear was named to success Ho Ching, becoming the first foreigner to lead the sovereign wealth fund.
    (Econ, 8/14/04, p.65)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.86)

1975        Singapore introduced the world’s first congestion-charging zone (CCZ). It used paper permits until switching to electronic sensors in 2008.
    {Singapore, Cars}
    (Econ, 8/5/17, p.46)

1977        May, In Singapore Lee Kuan Yew (b.1923) won a barely contested bi-election as his People’s Action Party won every seat in the legislature. Lee then moved against journalists and human rights activists who had irritated him during the campaign.
    (SFC, 9/21/02, p.A18)(http://rulers.org/indexl2.html)

1977        Jun 27, H.E. Lee Kuan Yew, the PM of Singapore, formally opened the Fourth Meeting of the ASEAN Economic Ministers which was held in Singapore on 27-29 June 1977.

1981        Aug 23, Devan Nair (1923-2005) was elected by Parliament to serve as Singapore’s 3rd president. He stepped down in 1985 following a sex scandal.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.122)(www.answers.com/topic/devan-nair)

1981        Joshua B. Jeyaretnam (1926-2008), a Workers Party lawmaker, became Singapore's first opposition politician to be elected to Parliament. He was driven to bankruptcy in 2001 by defamation lawsuits brought by PM Lee Kuan Yew, his son his son Lee Hsien Loong, and Goh Chok Tong, who served as prime minister after the elder Lee stepped down in 1990 until the son took over in 2004.
    (AP, 10/1/08)(Econ, 10/11/08, p.118)

1981        Singapore implemented a managed float for its currency. It pegged its dollar to a basket of currencies that mirrored its trading patterns. The Monetary Authority of Singapore does not announce the contents of the basket. It just tweaks the mix as needed.
    (WSJ, 5/23/05, p.C16)

1981        The Government of Singapore Investment corp. was founded to run the nation’s foreign-exchange reserves. By 2008 it had well over $100 billion in assets.
    (WSJ, 1/16/08, p.A10)

1983        Singapore’s PM Lee Kuan Yew ended the “stop at two" policy, initiated in the 1960s, and started promoting larger families.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.60)

1985        Mar, Devan Nair resigned as president of Singapore in the wake of a sex scandal.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.122)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.14)

1986        Motorola opened shop in Singapore.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1)

1987        Singapore’s MRT train system began operations.
    (AP, 3/22/16)

1988        Singapore introduced “Group Representation Constituencies" (GRCs), which merged some single-member electoral divisions.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constituencies_of_Singapore)
1988        Singapore‘s government took away some functions of the Housing Developing Board and handed them to new town councils, led by local MPs.
    (Econ, 7/18/15, SR p.6)

1990        Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee Kuan Yew as the Prime Minister.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, p.B1)

1990        The US and Singapore signed a memorandum that gave American military forces access to facilities at Paya Lebar Airport and Sembawang naval port.
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.B4)

1991        Singapore banned chewing gum. [see 1992]
    (NW, 8/4/03, p.10)

1992        Jan 4, President Bush, visiting Singapore as part of a Pacific trade tour, announced plans to shift to Singapore the Navy logistics command that was being evicted from the Philippines.
    (AP, 1/4/02)

1992        Singapore invoked a ban on chewing gum because it messed up the streets and subway doors.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A16)

1993        China Aviation Oil, CAO Singapore, was incorporated as a shipping agency.
    (WSJ, 12/6/04, p.A12)

1993-1999    Ong Teng Cheong (d.2002 at 66) of the people’s Action Party served as president.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A22)

1994        May 5, Singapore caned American teen-ager Michael Fay for vandalism, a day after the sentence was reduced from six lashes to four in response to an appeal by President Clinton, who considered the punishment too harsh.
    (AP, 5/5/99)

1994        Jun 21, American teenager Michael Fay was released from a Singapore prison, where he'd been flogged for vandalism.
    (AP, 6/21/04)

1994        Sep 23, John van Damme (59), Dutch businessman, was hanged in Singapore for drug trafficking.

1995        Feb 27, Barings PLC, a major British banking firm was forced into bankruptcy after an employee in Singapore (Nicholas William Leeson) speculated in derivatives that resulted in losses exceeding $800 million.
    (WSJ, 2/27/95, p.A-1)

1995        Mar 17, Flor Contemplacion, a Filipino maid, was hanged in Singapore for murder, despite international pleas to spare her.
    (AP, 3/17/00)

1995        Dec, In Singapore Nick Leeson, responsible for the fall of Barings PLC, pleaded guilty to fraud and was sentenced to 6 ½ years in prison. He was released in 1999.
    (WSJ, 7/2/99, p.A10)

c1995        Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong called on Singapore to become a "gracious society." This later led to the founding of the Singapore Kindness Movement (SKM).
    (WSJ, 11/19/98, p.B1)

1996        Jun 1, The government passed a Maintenance of Parents Law.
    (WSJ, 9/17/96, p.A1)

1996        Sep 23, The government announced that there will be enough bomb shelters for everyone. All new dwellings will be required to have bomb shelters with concrete wall and a steel door.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.A9)

1996        Dec 24, Singapore PM Goh Chok Tong said that districts that elect opposition candidates on Jan 2, would see public-housing improvement funds cut.
    (WSJ, 12/24/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/31/96, p.1)

1997        Jan 2, The ruling party captured all but 2 seats in parliamentary elections. More than 85% of the country’s 3 million live in government-built apartments.
    (SFC, 1/4/97, p.A9)

1997        May 31, The 7-member ASEAN alliance, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, met in Kuala Lumpur and agreed to allow Burma to become a member in July. Laos and Cambodia were also to be admitted. The members were Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Vietnam.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D3)

1997        Jul 1, Chen Jiulin was sent from China to Singapore to revive the operations of China Aviation Oil, CAO Singapore. The company soon began to deal in jet fuel.
    (WSJ, 12/6/04, p.A1)

1997        Jul 21, Singapore began observing Racial Harmony Day in commemoration of a deadly communal riot in 1964.
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.36)

1997        In Indonesia fires originally set by developers to clear forest for palm plantations in Borneo and Sumatra ran out of control and darkened skies across much of Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The World Bank estimated that 8% of total global emission of greenhouse gases for the year were due to the fires.
    (Econ, 3/25/06, p.74)

1997        Malaysia banned the export of sand hurting Singapore’s efforts to secure supplies for its booming construction industry and sea-fill plans. Indonesia followed suit in 2007 and caused a surge in the price of sand.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.46)

1998        Jan 15, The US and Singapore announced an agreement for US ships to use a planned $35 million naval base beginning in 2000.
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.B4)

1998        Sep, Lee Kuan Yew, former prime minister, authored the 1st volume of his memoir: "The Singapore Story."
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A8)(Econ., 3/28/15, p.29)

1998        The film "Twelve Stories" was written and directed by Eric Khoo. It was about one day in a Singapore government housing project.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.E3)

1999        May 29, Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong visited Northern California and expressed his country's interest in becoming a knowledge-based regional hub.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, p.B1)

1999        Aug 18, In Singapore S.R. Nathan was declared president without elections.
    (WSJ, 8/20/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 20, Singapore Airlines agreed to buy a 49% stake in Richard Branson’s Virgin Atlantic.

1999        The Singapore film "That's the Way I Like It" starred Anna Belle Francis and Adrian Pang. It was directed by Glen Goei. It was a comedy spin off on the impact of John Travolta and "Saturday Night Fever" on young people in Singapore in 1977.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.B1,4)

1999        Singapore launched Channel NewsAsia. The state-owned firm was intended to challenge Western dominance of the air waves.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.63)

2000        Sep, Lee Kuan Yew, the former prime minister, authored "From Third World to First." This was volume 2 of his 1998 memoir and covers the development of Singapore from 1965.
    (WSJ, 11/2/00, p.A24)(SFC, 8/6/01, p.A8)

2000        Oct 31, A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 jet crashed on takeoff from Taiwan as Typhoon Xangsane approached. Flight SQ006 was bound for Los Angeles. The plane apparently hit construction equipment on a closed runway. The airlines announced a $400,000 payment to victim’s families after admitting to pilot error. 83 people were killed when the pilots took off on the wrong runway. The pilots were not prosecuted.
    (WSJ, 11/1/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/3/00, p.A16)(SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/14/02)

2000        Cherian George authored “The Air-Condition Nation: Essays on the Politics of Comfort and Control, 1900-2000, Singapore.
    (www.cheriangeorge.net/publications.html)(Econ., 3/28/15, p.30)

2001        Apr 10, In Singapore doctors completed a 4-day operation to separate 11-month-old Siamese twins, Jamuna and Ganga Shrestha of Nepal.  The girls had joined heads.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C3)

2001        Jun 3, It was reported that Singapore may consider reviewing the 1992 ban on chewing gum to allow nicotine gum for smokers.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A16)

2001        Nov 3, In Singapore the ruling party won a large majority in general elections. The People’s Action Party of PM Goh Chok Tong got 75% of the vote.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A17)

2001        In Singapore Joshua "J.B." Jeyaretnam (74), head of the Workers’ Party, was declared bankrupt following a late payment for a $13,535 monthly installment owed in a libel suit.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)

2001        In  Singapore Jack Sim founded the World Toilet Organization. In 2007 the World Toilet Association held its inaugural conference in South Korea.
    (SFC, 11/23/07, p.A2)

2002        Jan 5, Singapore reported that authorities had arrested 15 suspected militants between Dec 9-24, some of whom were al Qaeda trained in Afghanistan. The arrested men were planning to bomb the US Embassy and US businesses in Singapore.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/7/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/8/02, p.A11)

2002        Jul 2, Malaysia said it had not reached any new agreements with Singapore on the sale of water to the island state and other issues after two days of talks.
    (Reuters, 7/2/02)

2002        Sep 16, In Singapore authorities announced the arrests of 21 men they identified as members of an extremist Islamic organization. The men were initially detained in August and linked to Riduan Isamuddin, an Indonesian militant.
    (SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 9/20/02, p.A14)

2002        Nov 9, Singapore opposition leader Chee Soon Juan was released from prison after serving 5 weeks for trying to hold a May Day rally without a permit at the entrance to the grounds of the President's official residence.
    (Reuters, 11/9/02)

2002        Nov 14, In Singapore the 7th Asian Congress of Sexology opened.
    (Reuters, 11/14/02)

2003        May 5, Hong Kong reported three more SARS deaths, for a total of 187, and 8 new infections. In Singapore SARS has killed 26 of the 203 people infected, a fatality rate of 12.8 percent, more than double the global average.
    (AP, 5/5/03)

2003        May 31, Singapore was taken off the list of SARS countries.
    (SSFC, 6/1/03, p.A3)

2003        Jun 12, A container ship ran aground off the coast of Singapore and leaked 165 tons of fuel oil into the sea.
    (AP, 6/12/03)

2003        Jun 20, Singapore launched an automated commuter train system, filling a gap in the city's subway network.
    (AP, 6/20/03)

2003        Jul 8, Ladan and Laleh Bijani (29), Iranian twin sisters, joined at the head, died within 90 minutes of each other as neurosurgeons in Singapore worked into a 3rd day to separate them.
    (AP, 7/7/03)(AP, 7/8/03)

2003        Sep 3, President Bush signed legislation to begin free trade with Singapore and Chile.
    (AP, 9/3/04)

2003        Sep 8, Singapore health officials confirmed that a local patient tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, the 1st new case of the disease in over 5 months.
    (AP, 9/8/03)(WSJ, 9/10/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 26, In Singapore Vignes Mourthi (23), found guilty of drug trafficking last year after his arrest in September 2001 for smuggling 27 grams (0.98 ounces) of heroin and Moorthi Angappan, convicted of helping him, were hanged. Over the past four years, 88 people have been hanged, mostly for drug offenses. The government says the death penalty effectively deters drug addiction.
    (AP, 9/26/03)

2003        Singapore signed a free trade agreement with the US. The 1991 ban on chewing gum was lifted soon after along with the ban on bar-top dancing.
    (NW, 8/4/03, p.10)

2004        Jan 15, Amnesty Int'l. said more than 400 prisoners have been hanged since 1991 in Singapore, mostly for drug offenses. The London-based rights report on Singapore was entitled "A Hidden Toll of Executions."
    (AP, 1/15/04)(WSJ, 1/16/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 3, Singapore Airlines began 18½ hour non-stop flights to Los Angeles.
    (USAT, 2/5/04, p.1B)

2004        Feb 21, Khoo Teck Puat, Singapore tycoon, died.
    (Econ, 2/28/04, p.70)

2004        May 22, The ship car carrier MV Hyundai, carrying 4,000 cars, sank after colliding with the oil tanker MT Kaminesan just south of Singapore.
    (AP, 5/23/04)

2004        May, Singapore introduced its first batch of 10-dollar plastic notes. In 2005 two-dollar polymer notes were scheduled to be issued January 12, 2006.
    (AP, 12/22/05)

2004        Jun 4-6, The Shangri-La Dialogue, a regional security conference, was held in Singapore. It was organized by the London-based Int’l. Institute for Strategic Studies.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.37)

2004        Aug 7, Some 6,000 people turned out for the start of a three-day gay and lesbian festival in Singapore, where homosexual acts are still illegal. "Nation.04" -- a festival of international DJs, podium dancers, pumping music and muscular boys stripping off their tops on packed dance floors -- has increased in size every year since it was launched four years ago.
    (AP, 8/8/04)

2004        Aug 12, Lee Hsien Loong, the son of Singapore's founding father (Lee Kuan Yew), took over as prime minister of the city-state. Lee Kuan Yew continued service as cabinet mentor.
    (AP, 7/17/04)(WSJ, 7/19/04, p.A1)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.39)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.42)

2004        Sep 17, Officials in Singapore reported that a soil-borne bacterial infection called melioidosis has killed 24 people there this year, making it more deadly than SARS or bird flu. The illness, also known as Whitmore's Disease, is listed by the U.S. government as a potential biological weapon but Singapore government officials said there was no sign it had been spread intentionally.
    (Reuters, 9/17/04)

2004        Nov 25, In Singapore China Aviation Oil, CAO Singapore, filed for bankruptcy protection following an estimated loss of $550 million from a series of bets on oil prices.
    (WSJ, 12/6/04, p.A1)

2004        Dec 13, It was reported that the math skills of US students were declining that some educators were importing texts from Singapore, where students routinely scored high.
    (WSJ, 12/13/04, p.A1)

2005        Jan 1, Singapore was forecast for 4.9% annual GDP growth with a population at 4.3 million and GDP per head at $25,070.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.91)

2005        Jan 17, Singapore said its exports expanded by 17 percent to a record high in 2004, reflecting strong demand from China for oil and commodities and solid sales of electronics and pharmaceuticals to the United States and European Union.
    (AP, 1/17/05)

2005        Feb 21, PM Lee Hsien Loong said Singapore will lower personal income tax, reduce spending and aim for a modest surplus in its US$18.13 billion 2005 budget.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A12)

2005        Apr, Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong announced his government’s decision to legalize gambling.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.43)

2005        May 31, China said reporter Ching Cheong of The Straits Times, Singapore's main English-language newspaper, has admitted to spying for a foreign intelligence agency. Cheong’s wife said he was arrested April 22 after a source gave him documents about purged former Communist Party leader Zhao Ziyang, who died this year.
    (AP, 5/31/05)(WSJ, 5/31/05, p.A1)

2005        Jun 3, The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) was formed with Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore as partners. It aimed to integrate the economies of the Asia-Pacific region.

2005        Jun 20, India approved a free-trade agreement with Singapore.
    (WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A14)

2005        Aug 15, Singapore hosted maritime exercises aimed at stopping shipments of weapons of mass destruction. The drills are part of the U.S.-led Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI). Other participants in the Deep Saber exercises included Australia, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Russia and the US.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

2005        Nov 17-2005 Nov 20, Singapore hosted the World Cyber Games (WCG). Some 700 participants competed in 8 games with prize money topping $2.5 million.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.54)(www.worldcybergames.com/main.asp)

2005        Dec 2, Singapore executed 25-year-old Australian Nguyen Tuong Van for drug trafficking, after he had a "beautiful last visit" with his family. Australia's leader protested the sentence, saying it would damage ties.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        Dec 6, Devan Nair, former president of Singapore (1981-1985), died in Canada.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.122)

2005        Dec 8, Police in Singapore said they have arrested 13 foreigners, including an American, in an anti-drug operation, less than a week after an Australian was put to death for a narcotics conviction.
    (AP, 12/09/05)

2006        Jan 27, British port operator Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Co. switched prospective suitors for the second time after Dubai Ports World raised its offer for the company to almost $7 billion, trumping an offer from Singapore's PSA International Ltd.
    (AP, 1/27/06)

2006        Feb 3, Mas Selamat Kastari, Singapore's most-wanted man, believed to have planned bomb and plane-crash attacks on the island's airport, was deported to Singapore following his arrest in Indonesia under the Internal Security Act (ISA).
    (Reuters, 2/6/06)

2006        Mar 16, Queen Elizabeth II arrived in the former British colony of Singapore for a two-day state visit.
    (AP, 3/16/06)

2006        May 6, Singaporeans voted in legislative elections. The ruling party won a landslide victory in parliamentary elections. It has won every general election held in the island nation since it became independent in 1965.
    (AP, 5/6/06)

2006        May 26, Las Vegas Sands Corp., owner of The Venetian in Nevada, won a hotly-contested license to build Singapore's first casino. The Marina Bay Sands (MBS) opened in April  2010.
    (AP, 5/26/06)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.72)

2006        Jun 3, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, attending a security conference in Singapore, branded Iran the world's leading terrorist nation yet hoped Tehran seriously would consider incentives from the West in exchange for suspending suspect nuclear activities.
    (AP, 6/3/07)

2006        Jul 14, Malaysia's government declassified documents on negotiations with Singapore over an aborted bridge in a bid to counter criticism from defiant ex-premier Mahathir Mohamad.
    (AFP, 7/14/06)

2006        Jul 23, The 654-foot Singapore-flagged Cougar Ace, a cargo ship carrying 4,813 cars from Japan to Canada, began tilting to its port side late at night hundreds of miles off Alaska's Aleutian Islands. 23 crew members were rescued the next day. The ship was owned by Tokyo-based Mitsui O.S.K. Lines and listed on its side for several weeks before being righted. 4,703 of the cars were new Mazdas valued at about $100 million. After a year of planning Mazda scheduled all the cars for complete reduction to scrap in Portland, Ore.
    (AP, 7/25/06)(SFC, 7/25/06, p.A2)(WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A9)

2006        Sep 15, In Singapore Paul Wolfowitz, the chief of the World Bank, took a hard line on corruption. Rodrigo de Rato, his counterpart at the IMF, said policy-makers need to be ready to adapt to a more difficult economic environment in the coming year as delegates gathered for the sister institutions' annual meetings. Wolfowitz said that Singapore had damaged its own reputation by imposing "authoritarian" restrictions on the entry of activists for the World Bank/IMF meetings.
    (AP, 9/15/06)

2006        Sep 16, In Singapore top finance chiefs stepped up pressure on China to relax its grip on its currency, warning that trade imbalances threaten a flourishing global economy. G7 finance ministers and central bank governors also called for a resumption of global free trade talks and a revamp of the IMF, saying China should be given a louder voice but must also fulfill its broader economic responsibilities.
    (AFP, 9/16/06)

2006        Sep 28, Singapore banned the Far Eastern Economic Review magazine after it failed to comply with media regulations. The Review, published by Dow Jones & Co Inc., is being sued by Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong and his father, Singapore's founding PM Lee Kuan Yew, over a July article about opposition politician Chee Soon Juan.
    (AP, 9/28/06)

2006        Oct 11, Indonesia apologized to Singapore and Malaysia for the choking haze over both countries and agreed to convene a meeting of regional environment ministers to tackle the problem. This was the worst smog since 1997 and 1998, when tens of thousands of people were hospitalized.
    (AP, 10/11/06)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.47)

2006        Nov 12, In Singapore student Ang Chuang Yang (16) broke the Guinness World Record for the shortest time needed to type a 160-character SMS (short message service) message after whizzing through the task in less than 42 seconds in a competition.
    (AP, 11/12/06)

2006        Nov 16, Pres. Bush in Singapore voiced tentative support for a free trade agreement covering all 21 members of APEC and warned North Korea against trying to sell nuclear arms.
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.A4)(WSJ, 11/17/06, p.A1)

2006        Dec 8, Singapore awarded its second casino resort contract to Genting International, whose $3.38 billion proposal promises to lure family tourists with a Universal Studios theme park and a huge outdoor marine park.
    (AP, 12/8/06)

2007        Jan 26, Singapore executed two Africans on drug trafficking charges despite pleas for clemency by Nigeria's president.
    (AP, 1/26/07)

2007        Feb 6, An Indonesian ban on sand exports went into effect. The ban was directed at Singapore, which purchased sand to reclaim land from the sea.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.42)

2007        Mar 1, Singapore’s American Chamber of Commerce said trade between Singapore and the United States rose 19 percent in 2006 from the year before, the second fastest growth rate among Washington's major trading partners.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Apr 9, Officials said the yearly salaries of Singapore's well-paid government ministers are headed higher, by 60 percent to more than $1.25 million by the end of 2008. Premier Lee Hsein Lloong will now make $2.1 million a year.
    (AP, 4/9/07)(WSJ, 4/10/07, p.A1)

2007        May 14, Malaysia’s PM Badawi hosted Singapore’s Premier Lee Hsein Lloong for a 2-day talk on economic cooperation.
    (WSJ, 5/14/07, p.A8)

2007        Sep 2, Temasek, Singapore’s state-owned investment company, said it would take an 8.3% stake in China Eastern Airlines and Singapore Airlines announced a 15.7% stake.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.68)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China_Eastern_Airlines)

2007        Sep 4, 5-nation war games began in the Bay of Bengal. Indian and US aircraft carriers launched fighter jets into the air as American submarines cruised below Japanese, Australian and Singaporean warships.
    (AP, 9/6/07)

2007        Oct 15,     Airbus finally delivered its first A380 superjumbo jet. Singapore Airlines took delivery of the double-decker jet, the world's largest passenger plane, almost two years late. In 2020 the first A380 to fly was sent to the scrapheap as the COVID-19 pandemic cast a pall on the future of globe-trotting.
    (AP, 10/15/07)(Econ., 8/15/20, p.59)s

2007        Oct 25, An Airbus 380, the world's largest jetliner, made aviation history, completing its first commercial flight from Singapore to Sydney with 455 passengers, some of them ensconced in luxury suites and double beds.
    (AP, 10/25/07)

2007        Nov 6, Singapore presented its case regarding sovereignty of three disputed islands in the Pacific Ocean at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at The Hague, a claim disputed by Malaysia.
    (AFP, 11/6/07)

2007        Nov 20, In Singapore Southeast Asian leaders (ASEAN) adopted a landmark charter but their vision to create an EU-style bloc faced hurdles because of concerns over Myanmar, whose military rulers have defied international calls to restore democracy.
    (AP, 11/20/07)(Econ, 11/24/07, p.43)

2007        Dec 10, Swiss banking giant UBS AG said it will write off a further $10 billion on losses in the US subprime lending market and will raise capital by selling substantial stakes to Singapore and an unnamed investor in the Middle East.
    (AP, 12/10/07)

2007        Dec 24, Merrill Lynch agreed to sell $5 billion of new stock to Temasek Holdings, Singapore’s sovereign investment company and a smaller stake to a domestic firm. Merrill said it will write down an additional $8 billion of mortgage investments in the 4th quarter.
    (SFC, 12/25/07, p.E1)

2007        Singapore proposed a co-operative green-city venture with China. The Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City opened in 2011.
    (Econ, 4/19/14, SR p.12)
2007        Singapore’s population numbered about 4.7 million. Growth to 6.5 million was expected in 40-50 years.
    (Econ, 10/27/07, p.51)

2008        Feb 27, In Singapore Mas Selamat bin Kastari, an alleged leader of the Jemaah Islamiyah militant network, escaped from the Whitley Road Detention Centre. He was accused of planning to hijack a plane and crash it into the city's Changi Airport.
    (AFP, 2/28/08)

2008        Apr 9, Singapore's Media Development Authority, which regulates and censors media and the arts, said it fined StarHub S$10,000 (3,675 pounds) for airing a commercial for a song that featured "romanticized scenes" of lesbians kissing and portrayed the relationship as "acceptable."
    (AP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 18, In Singapore J.B. Jeyaretnam (82), interim secretary general of the Reform Party, vowed to fight what it called the "enslavement" of Singapore after nearly half-a-century of rule by the People's Action Party (PAP).
    (AFP, 4/18/08)

2008        May 23, The International Court of Justice awarded Singapore sovereignty over a disputed island at the eastern entrance of the Singapore Straits. The ICJ ruled in favor of Singapore in the 28-year dispute with Malaysia over Pedra Branca, a tiny but strategic uninhabited island the size of half a football field. The court, however, gave Malaysia ownership of the Middle Rocks formation, a smaller uninhabited outcropping. Sovereignty over a third disputed cluster of rocks was left to be determined later between the countries when they sort out their territorial waters.
    (AP, 5/23/08)(Reuters, 6/1/18)   

2008        Jul 3, In Indonesia a police source said that a group of 10 suspected Muslim militants detained in raids on Sumatra island by Indonesia's anti-terrorism unit was plotting to attack Western targets. The raids followed the capture of a suspected militant after a tip-off by authorities in Singapore.
    (Reuters, 7/3/08)

2008        Jul 18, In Singapore Peter Lloyd (41), a TV reporter for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), was charged with trafficking about one gram of methamphetamine to a Singaporean for 100 Singapore dollars (73.5 US) at a hotel early this month.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)

2008        Jul 21, In Singapore the 10 members of ASEAN adopted a common charter that included a list of 15 purposes.
    (www.aseansec.org/21806.htm)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.52)

2008        Jul 24, In Singapore North Korea's reclusive communist regime, long seen as a nuclear threat to the region, signed a nonaggression pact with Southeast Asia, in a largely symbolic move. The Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) with the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) came into force in 1976, requires signatories to renounce the use or threat of force and calls for the peaceful settlement of conflicts.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Aug 15, In Beijing 2 positive dope tests by Asian athletes overshadowed Singapore's first medal in 48 years and a podium for Malaysia with a North Korean shooter and a Vietnamese gymnast exposed as cheats.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Sep 19, Singapore banned all dairy imports from China and the European Union demanded answers from Beijing as the baby formula scandal, which left 4 babies dead and over 6 thousand infants ill across China, spread to liquid milk.
    (Reuters, 9/19/08)

2008        Oct 10, Singapore’s economy fell into recession for the first time in 6 years leading the city-state’s central bank to ease monetary policy and warn of more struggle to come.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A10)

2008        Oct 13, Singapore's High Court ruled that an opposition party and two of its leaders must pay $416,000 in defamation damages to PM Lee Hsien Loong and his father, former PM Lee Kuan Yew, related to criticism published in 2006 in the party's newspaper.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

2008        Oct 16, Authorities in Malaysia and Singapore said they will guarantee all foreign currency and local currency bank deposits.
    (WSJ, 10/17/08, p.A5)

2008        Oct 23, China and Singapore signed a free trade agreement on the eve of a summit of European and Asian leaders in Beijing. Held every two years, ASEM has no mandate to issue decisions, but participants hope it will produce some degree of consensus ahead of a Nov. 15 meeting of the world's top economies in Washington to discuss the worst financial crisis since the 1930s.
    (AP, 10/23/08)(WSJ, 10/24/08, p.A13)

2008        Kishore Mahbubani, former Singaporean diplomat, authored “The New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East."
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.42)
2008        Singapore sentenced Yong Vui Kong (19) of Malaysia to hang for smuggling 47 grams (1.65 ounces) of heroin into Singapore. His third and final appeal was rejected on April 4, 2012.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)

2009        Jan 2, Singapore said its GDP had contracted at an adjusted annualized pace of 12.5% in the 4th quarter. Its biggest contraction since it began publishing data in 1976.
    (WSJ, 1/3/09, p.A4)

2009        Jan 24, In Singapore a couple treated open air diners to a 15-minute naked parade, triggering both embarrassment and applause for a scene almost unheard of in the conservative city-state. The couple, a Caucasian man and an ethnic Chinese woman in their 20s, were arrested and released on bail.
    (Reuters, 1/28/09)

2009        Feb 19, About 12 pirates armed with guns attacked the tug and barge in the Malacca Strait and kidnapped two crew members as the vessel was en route to Singapore.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Apr 28, An Indonesian court sentenced a Singaporean man to 18 years in prison on terrorism charges. Mohammad Hasan bin Saynudin (36), who claimed to have met Osama bin Laden on many occasions, was convicted of plotting to kill a teacher and planning a deadly attack on a bar frequented by Western tourists.
    (AP, 4/28/09)

2009        May 16, The gay community in tightly controlled Singapore held its first-ever rally, taking advantage of looser laws on public gatherings to call for equality.
    (AP, 5/16/09)

2009        May 19, Environmental groups in Indonesia said Singapore-based Asia Pulp & Paper,  one of the world's largest paper companies, plans to clear a large swath of unprotected forest in Indonesia being used as a sanctuary for critically endangered orangutans.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        Sep 29, Beauty queen Miss Singapore World gave up her crown after it emerged that she had stolen credit cards to go on a shopping spree for lingerie. Ris Low had come under public pressure to be stripped of her 2009 title, after local media reported she stole seven credit cards last year while working at a medical clinic, buying goods worth about S$8,000 ($5,662) including gold anklets and phones.
    (Reuters, 9/30/09)

2009        Oct 15, It was reported that the Taj network, funded by the National Science Foundation, now connects India, Singapore, Vietnam and Egypt to the larger Global Ring Network for Advanced Application Development (GLORIAD) global infrastructure, and "dramatically improves existing US network links with China and the Nordic region," according to an NSF statement.

2009        Nov 14, Pres. Obama spoke in Tokyo and then flew to Singapore for a 21-nation summit of Asia-Pacific leaders. In his Tokyo speech Pres. Obama declared the United States a "nation of the Pacific and reached out warmly to China, applauding Beijing's robust strides as a burgeoning economic giant.
    (AP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 15, In Singapore President Barack Obama said the United States and Russia would have a replacement treaty on reducing nuclear arms ready for approval by year's end, an announcement designed as an upbeat ending to a summit with Asia-Pacific leaders. Obama also attended a second summit with leaders of the 10 southeast Asian countries that make up the ASEAN group. Obama then arrived in Shanghai, launching a three-day visit to an important global US partner and his first travels ever in China.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2010        Jan 22, Singapore rejected allegations by a US-based human rights group that it is a "politically repressive state."
    (AFP, 1/22/10)

2010        Feb 1, Thailand and the United States began their annual Cobra Gold military exercise, now in its 29th year, with South Korea taking part for the first time. Singapore, Japan and Indonesia will also participate in the three-week training exercise, describes as the largest of its type in the world.
    (AP, 2/1/10)

2010        Feb 14, In Singapore the Resorts Worlds Centosa casino complex opened.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/4ep2owf)

2010        Apr 27, Singapore previewed the Marina Bay Sands (MBS) casino, owned and operated by the Las Vegas Sands Corp.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4lqzq5g)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.72)

2010        May 16, In Singapore Oliver Fricker (32), a Swiss citizen, broke into a train depot with an accomplice and painted graffiti on two subway carriages. On June 25 a court sentenced Fricker to five months' jail and three strokes of a cane. On Aug 18 he asked a judge to reduce his five-month jail term for graffiti, but instead got two months added to his sentence, showing the lengths the city-state will go to maintain its reputation as a safe and clean place.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        May 25, In the Singapore Strait emergency teams scrambled to contain thousands of tons of crude oil that spilled into waters near one of the world's busiest ports after two ships collided. Singapore's Maritime and Port Authority (MPA) said in its latest update that 5,000 tons of crude had leaked from the Malaysian-registered tanker MT Bunga Kelana 3.
    (AFP, 5/25/10)

2010        Jun 8, Singapore launched a global manhunt for Lloyd Dane Alexander, a Briton suspected of involvement in a train vandalism case that raised doubts about the security of key installations in the city state. Alexander was accused of being the accomplice of a Swiss business consultant, Oliver Fricker (32), who was on bail in Singapore. Both men could face jail, fines and caning for allegedly breaking into a protected subway depot and spray-painting elaborate graffiti on a parked train in May. On June 25 a court sentenced Fricker to five months' jail and three strokes of a cane.
    (AFP, 6/8/10)(AFP, 6/25/10)

2010        Jul 18, Singapore arrested Alan Shadrake (75), a British author, as part of a criminal defamation investigation related to his book "Once a Jolly Hangman: Singapore Justice in the Dock," on the city-state's death penalty policy. On Nov 3 Shadrake was found guilty of contempt of court. The Attorney-General argued that Shadrake be jailed for at least 12 weeks.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.55)(http://tinyurl.com/2gygpa7)

2010        Aug 14, In Singapore the inaugural Youth Olympic Games officially opened in a spectacular blaze of color, with Jacques Rogge hailing it as a new chapter in the Olympic movement. The Games, which feature athletes aged 14 to 18, are a project Rogge has championed since becoming IOC chief in 2001.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)

2010        Oct 22, In Singapore an American (37), who already may be caned for overstaying his visa, was charged with fraud for allegedly scamming an Australian man out of thousands of dollars. Prosecutors alleged that calls made from Kamari Charlton's mobile phone in March deceived Mirko Prskalo into sending 17,145 Australian dollars ($16,853) in four payments. Prskalo was told that his nephew and family in Singapore urgently needed the money.
    (AP, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 25, The Singapore and Australian stock exchanges announced an 8.3 billion dollar merger that would create one of the world's largest and most diversified financial trading hubs.
    (AFP, 10/25/10)(Econ, 10/30/10, p.78)

2010        Oct 26, An annual report by Transparency Int’l. marked Somalia as the most corrupt county in the world, followed by Afghanistan, Myanmar and Iraq. Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore tied as the world’s least corrupt nations. The US declined to 22nd from 19th last year.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 4, A Qantas A380 with more than 450 people on board made a dramatic forced landing in Singapore, trailing smoke from a blackened engine after the Airbus superjumbo's first mid-air emergency. In response Qantas Airways and Singapore Airlines suspended flights of the Airbus A380 superjumbos. In 2013 the engine failure was traced to an oil pipe that failed to conform to design specifications.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)(Reuters, 11/4/10)(AP, 6/27/13)

2010        Singapore’s population numbered about 4.8 million.
    (Econ, 5/22/10, SR p.10)

2011        Apr 8, Australian Treasurer Wayne Swan officially rejected a proposed merger of the Australian and Singapore stock exchanges, branding it a takeover by the city-state that offered no benefits.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 20, Regulators said Malaysia and Singapore have agreed to slash roaming charges for voice calls and text messaging over the next two years in a landmark accord.
    (AFP, 4/20/11)

2011        May 1, Singapore shipper Glory Ship Management Pte. Ltd. said Somali pirates have likely hijacked the palm oil tanker MT Gemini and its 25-member crew off the coast of Kenya.
    (AP, 5/1/11)

2011        May 7, Singapore held parliamentary elections. The long-time ruling party won an overwhelming parliamentary majority in the elections, but the opposition made historic gains after mounting its biggest challenge since independence in 1965.
    (AP, 5/7/11)

2011        May 9, Malaysian police said they have arrested Abdul Majid Kunji Mohamad, a Singaporean businessman, suspected of channeling funds to southern Philippine militants.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

2011        May 14, Singapore founding father Lee Kuan Yew resigned from the Cabinet, ceding leadership to a younger generation after his party's worst election result since independence in 1965.
    (AP, 5/14/11)

2011        Jul 1, Singapore’s government declared the Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (aka Bersih) to be illegal.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.46)

2011        Jun 3, A global maritime watchdog warned ships traversing the South China Sea bordering Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore following the hijack of three tugboats and a barge in recent weeks.
    (AFP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jul 8, Zambian President Rupiah Banda opened the country's largest coal mine, after Singapore's Nava Bharat took over majority shares and invested $750 million (525 million euros) at the once defunct state entity.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 9, In Singapore a rally for electoral reform in Kuala Lumpur led to the arrest of over 1,600 people.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.46)
2011        Jul 9, British author Alan Shadrake (76), who spent five weeks in Singapore’s new Changi Prison for contempt after publishing a book questioning executions in the city-state, was deported to London, hours after being released.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)

2011        Aug 14, Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong said his government will seek to favor its citizens after a backlash against a surge in foreign workers. He also said the government will build 50,000 apartments during this year and next to help stabilize a spike in housing prices.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 27, Singapore held its first contested presidential election in nearly two decades. The election was emerging as a two-way fight between Tony Tan (71), widely perceived as the government's candidate, and former legislator and ex-PAP member Tan Cheng Bock, a medical doctor. Former deputy prime minister Tony Tan was elected president with a margin of just 7,269 votes out of 2.1 million ballots cast.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(AFP, 8/28/11)

2011        Oct 20, Singapore’s PM Lee Hsien Loong vowed a "more open" style of government following two elections this year that showed citizens wanting a greater voice in government.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)

2011        Dec 4, In Singapore hundreds of people gathered at a park to protest sexual violence against women as part of the global "SlutWalk" movement, in a rare public demonstration in the tightly controlled city state.
    (AP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dr. Matthew Chang of Nanyang Technological Univ. in Singapore worked out a way to program E. coli to release destructive antimicrobial peptides when  they came into contact with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. He then armed the modified E. coli with the enzyme DNase1 which then acted to bacteial sheets know as biofilms.
    (Econ, 10/12/13, p.95)
2011        Singapore’s population numbered about 5 million.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, TQ p.4)

2012        Jan 30, Myanmar’s Pres. Thein Sein began a 3-day visit to Singapore. During the visit he signed agreements on cooperation in areas from tourism to the law.
    (Econ, 2/4/12, p.43)(www.stratfor.com/situation-report?page=21)

2012        Mar 5, Singapore Minister of State for Manpower Minister Tan Chuan Jin said a mandatory weekly rest day would apply to maids whose work permits are issued or renewed from January 1, 2013.
    (AFP, 3/6/12)

2012        May 8, The Indonesia Embassy in Singapore said it is pushing for a ban on cleaning outside windows. 8 Indonesian maids in Singapore have fallen to their deaths from high-rise apartments this year.
    (AP, 5/8/12)

2012        Jun 12, In Singapore, Ng Boon Gay (46), former head of the police drug enforcement unit was charged with corruption for soliciting sexual favors in exchange for help with contracts.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 24, In Singapore Shirley Sarmiento found the body of her boyfriend, Shane Truman Todd (31), in his apartment. The US software engineer was hanging from a black strap that was fashioned into a noose and secured to a door. At an inquest in 2013 Sarmiento said he had been unhappy at work and feared "heavy hands coming after him." In 2013 a judge ruled that Todd’s death was a suicide.
    (AP, 5/13/13)(AP, 7/8/13)

2012        Jun, MyTeksi, a ride hailing service, was initially established in Malaysia and later headquartered in Singapore. The company, which began life at the Harvard Business School where founder Anthony met co-founder Hooi Ling Tan, soon across Southeast Asia. In May 2014, the company launched GrabCar in Malaysia and Singapore.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grab_(application))(Econ, 2/11/17, p.54)

2012        Jul 20, Yale University, one of the leading centers of liberal education in the United States, defended controversial restrictions on protests and political parties at its new Singapore campus. The first batch of students will start classes in August 2013 at an NUS facility before the new campus officially opens in 2015.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)

2012        Jul 25, In Singapore Pastor Kong Hee of City Harvest Church appeared in court with 5 others on charges of misusing up to $40 million of church money to fund the music career of his wife, Sun Ho.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.36)

2012        Aug 16, Singapore's High Court ruled that more than $23 million seized from the estate of late Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos rightfully belongs to a Philippine bank.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)

2012        Sep 4, Singapore said it will restrict the growth of "shoebox" private apartments in the suburbs, effective Nov 4, to ease overcrowding concerns and encourage couples to have children.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 28, Shareholders of Singapore-based conglomerate Fraser & Neave agreed to sell their 39.7 percent stake in Asian Pacific Breweries, the owner of Tiger and other popular Asian brands, to Heineken. Heineken NV is spending another €3.2 billion ($4.0 billion) to gain control over the Tiger beer brand as part of a strategy to significantly expand its operations in Asia.
    (AP, 9/28/12)

2012        Nov 21, The Singapore government said prominent opposition leader Chee Soon Juan has had his bankruptcy annulled, after an unprecedented concession by two former prime ministers to whom he owed about $408,000.
    (AP, 11/21/12)

2012        Dec 16, The EU and Singapore signed a regional trade agreement.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.118)

2012        Dec 19, A new Gallup poll said seven of the world’s 10 countries with the most upbeat attitudes are in Latin America with Panama and Paraguay at the top. The people least likely to report positive emotions lived in Singapore.
    (SFC, 12/20/12, p.A2)

2012        Singapore planned to spend $9.7 billion, about 24% of the national budget, on defense this year.
    (Econ, 3/24/12, p.40)
2012        Singapore amended its laws on the death penalty, making it no longer mandatory for those convicted of drug trafficking or murder to receive death sentences.
    (AP, 5/20/16)

2013        Feb 4, The EU police organization Europol said a wide-ranging match-fixing investigation has uncovered more than 380 suspicious matches, including World Cup and European Championship qualifiers and two Champions League games, and found evidence that a Singapore-based crime group is closely involved in match-fixing.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Apr 5, A data leak was reported orchestrated this week by a Washington-based group called the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. It involved tens of thousands of offshore bank accounts, mainly form the British Virgin Islands, the Cook Islands and Singapore, and named dozens of prominent figures around the world. New details were being released by the day. The leak allegedly involved records from 10 tax havens.
    (AP, 4/6/13)(SFC, 4/5/13, p.A4)

2013        May 15, The Arctic Council, meeting in Sweden, agreed to expand membership and provide observer status to 6 new nations including China, India, Italy, Japan, Singapore and South Korea
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_Council)

2013        Jun 16, Smoke from fires in Indonesia, an annual result of land clearing for palm oil production, again began to smother Singapore and large parts of Malaysia.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.39)

2013        Jun 20, Singapore urged people to remain indoors amid unprecedented levels of air pollution as a smoky haze wrought by forest fires in neighboring Indonesia worsened dramatically. Nearby Malaysia closed 200 schools and banned open burning in some areas.
    (AP, 6/20/13)

2013        Jul, In Singapore Edwin Yeo, the head of the field research and technical support branch of the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB), was charged with misappropriating $1.34 million.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)

2013        Oct 22, Greenpeace said consumer products such as Oreo cookies and Gilette shaving cream were among an array of products driving the destruction of Indonesia’s forests. Greenpeace accused Singapore-based Wilmar Int’l. for destroying forests in Indonesia to produce palm oil.
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.A3)

2013        Nov 7, Hackers claiming links to international hacking group Anonymous defaced Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong's official website, one day after he said authorities would spare no effort to track them down.
    (Reuters, 11/7/13)

2013        Nov 12, Singapore charged a 35-year-old man suspected of hacking a website linked to the prime minister.
    (Reuters, 11/12/13)

2013        Nov 14, Singapore for the first time lifted the death penalty given to a drug trafficker, commuting his sentence to life in prison and 15 strokes of the cane.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)

2013        Dec 8, In Singapore an hour-long fracas was triggered when an Indian construction worker was struck and killed by a private bus in the Little India district. The rampage that left 39 police and civil defence staff injured, and 25 vehicles -- including 16 police cars -- damaged or torched.
    (AFP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 10, Singapore filed charges against 24 Indian nationals who allegedly took part in its first riot for over 40 years, as officials and activists warned against inciting racial hatred over the incident.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, In Singapore the US and 11 other nations negotiating a free trade zone stretching from Chile to Japan failed to reach a final agreement, but indicated they were closing in on a landmark Trans-Pacific Partnership.
    (AP, 12/10/13)

2013        Singapore writer Kevin Kwan authored “Crazy Rich Asians." It became the first in a trilogy and was tuned into a movie in 2017.
    (SFC, 3/31/17, p.E17)
2013        Kishore Mahbubani, former Singaporean diplomat, authored “The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World."
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.80)
2013        Singapore overtook Tokyo and became the world’s third biggest trading center for foreign exchange.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.69)

2014        Jan 9, IBM said DBS Group Holdings Ltd. of Singapore will begin to use the Watson supercomputer to aid financial planners in guiding its wealth management unit’s affluent customers.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.C2)

2014        Jan 10, In Singapore two men were charged with kidnapping after the elderly mother of supermarket tycoon Lim Hock Chee was abducted two days earlier and held for ransom.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)

2014        Feb 28, In Singapore Autumn Radtke (28), the American CEO of First Meta, was found dead at her home. Her company was a virtual currency exchange for Bitcoin.
    (SFC, 3/7/14, p.A2)

2014        May 31, US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel warned an international security conference at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore that the US "will not look the other way" when nations such as China try to restrict navigation or ignore international rules and standards.
    (AP, 5/31/14)

2014        Jun 28, In Singapore some 26,000 gay rights activists gathered for the annual Pink Dot rally that came under unprecedented criticism from religious conservatives, with one influential Christian pastor calling on the government to ban the event.
    (AP, 6/28/14)

2014        Jul 12, In Singapore a children's book inspired by a real-life story of two male penguins raising a baby chick in New York's zoo has been deemed inappropriate by state-run libraries. The conservative city-state's information minister said he supports the decision to destroy all copies of “And Tango Makes Three" alongside two other titles: “The White Swan Express: A Story About Adoption" and “Who’s in My Family: All About Our Families."
    (AP, 7/12/14)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A7)

2015        Jan 14, A Singapore Navy ship located the fuselage of Indonesia AirAsia Flight QZ8501, the passenger jet that crashed more than two weeks ago off the coast of Indonesia, raising hopes that more bodies will be found.
    (Reuters, 1/14/15)(AP, 1/14/15)

2015        Feb 23, Singapore announced income tax rises for the top five percent of the population to fund rising social spending targeted at the poor and elderly in the rapidly ageing city-state.
    (AFP, 2/23/15)

2015        Mar 23, Singapore plunged into mourning after the death of Lee Kuan Yew (b.1923), the iron-fisted politician who forged a prosperous city-state out of unpromising beginnings.
    (AFP, 3/23/15)

2015        May 12, In Singapore Amos Yee (16) was convicted on charges of obscenity and insulting religious feelings related to his posting a video criticizing Lee Kuan Yew (1923-2015), the founding father of modern Singapore.
    (SFC, 5/13/15, p.A2)

2015        May 14, The OECD ranked Singapore as No. 1 in the world for providing its citizens with the best comprehensive education. Asia took the five top spots and the USA was ranked No. 28.
    (SSFC, 5/17/15, p.A4)

2015        May 30, Singapore police shot and killed one person and detained two others early in the morning after the car they were traveling in crashed past police barricades near a hotel where US Defense Secretary Ash Carter was staying.
    (Reuters, 5/30/15)

2015        May, Singapore-based Grab launched its motorbike taxis in Jakarta, Indonesia.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.54)

2015        Jun 13, In Singapore some 28,000 people rallied in support of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights.
    (Econ, 7/18/15, SR p.4)

2015        Jun 16, Singapore put its final stamp on the Southeast Asian Games with an eclectic closing ceremony involving a parade of oversize postage stamps to commemorate the island's history.
    (AP, 6/16/15)

2015        Aug 9, Singapore threw a big party for its 50th anniversary of independence and unrivaled economic success.
    (AP, 8/9/15)

2015        Aug 31, Singapore said it has lifted a two-decade ban on HIV-infected people from entering the country, but will limit their stay to a maximum of three months.
    (AP, 8/31/15)   

2015        Sep 10, Air pollution in Singapore reached its highest level in a year as smog from Indonesian forest fires shrouded the island nation in a veil of gray, irking tourists and alarming authorities with hours left before general elections.
    (AP, 9/10/15)

2015        Sep 11, Singapore held compulsory elections. The ruling People's Action Party (PAP) took 70% of the national vote and got 83 of the 89 seats in Parliament, while the opposition Workers' Party captured six seats.
    (AP, 9/11/15)(AP, 9/12/15)(Econ 6/10/17, p.20)

2015        Sep 14, Indonesia said it has agreed to share with Singapore the names of companies suspected of causing forest fires that have led to a deterioration of air quality in the city state.
    (Reuters, 9/14/15)

2015        Sep 24, Singapore ordered emergency school closures as air pollution reached "hazardous" levels due to suffocating smoke from agricultural fires raging on a nearby Indonesian island.
    (AFP, 9/24/15)

2015        Oct 5, Twelve Pacific rim countries sealed the deal on creating the world's largest free trade area (TPP), delivering President Barack Obama a major policy triumph. The Trans-Pacific Partnership included Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the US and Vietnam.
    (AFP, 10/5/15)

2015        Oct 21, In Singapore Pastor Kong Hee of the City Harvest Church was convicted along with five other church officials on charges related to the misuse of $36 million to promote the career of Kong’s wife, Ho Yeow, a singer also known as Sun Ho.
    (SFC, 10/22/15, p.A6)

2015        Nov 7, China and Taiwan must not let proponents of Taiwan's independence split them, China's President Xi Jinping told Taiwan's president at the first meeting between leaders of the two sides since China's civil war ended in 1949. Hundreds of angry protesters massed outside Taiwan President Ma Ying-Jeou's office, condemning his warm exchange with China's leader in a summit in Singapore that has fueled fears the democratic island will be swallowed up by its giant rival.
    (Reuters, 11/7/15)(AFP, 11/7/15)

2015        Nov 20, A Singapore court sentenced Kong Hee, the founder and senior pastor of City Harvest Church, to eight years in jail for misappropriating more than $35 million in donations to support his wife's singing career. Other sentences for five church leaders ranged from 21 months to six years.
    (AP, 11/20/15)

2015        Nov 22, In Malaysia ASEAN nations (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) established a formal community that attempts to create freer movement of trade and capital in an area of 625 million people with a combined economic output of $2.6 trillion.
    (Reuters, 11/22/15)

2015        Nov 24, Int’l. experts meeting in Singapore said more than half the world's primates, including apes, lemurs and monkeys, are facing extinction.
    (AFP, 11/24/15)

2015        Dec 1, In Singapore Tan Seet Eng, aka Dan Tan, was re-arrested, a week after his release from jail was ordered by a Court of Appeal. He was suspected of running a global soccer match-fixing syndicate and said to be a danger to public safety. Tan was previously jailed in October 2013 after Italian prosecutors accused him of coordinating a global crime syndicate that made millions of dollars betting on rigged Italian matches and other games around the world.
    (AP, 12/5/15)

2015        Dec 7, The United States said it has agreed with Singapore on a first deployment of the US P8 Poseidon spy plane in Singapore this month, in a fresh response to China over its pursuit of territorial claims in the South China Sea.
    (Reuters, 12/8/15)

2015        Singapore’s population stood at about 5.5 million. Every day some 50,000 Malaysians commuted to work across a causeway from Johor Bahru, the capital of Malaysia’s Johor state.
    (Econ, 7/18/15, SR p.5)

2016        Jan 20, Singapore said it has arrested 27 Bangladeshi construction workers who supported Islamist groups including al Qaeda and Islamic State and deported 26 of them.
    (Reuters, 1/20/16)

2016        Feb 17, At the Singapore Airshow Airbus and Boeing announced modest aircraft orders that indicated a lull in demand for the big manufacturers.
    (AP, 2/17/16)

2016        Mar 22, In Singapore 2 maintenance staff working on elevated tracks in the mass transit system were hit and killed by a train.
    (AP, 3/22/16)

2016        May 7, Singapore's ruling party won a seat in a by-election, cementing its influence on parliamentary decisions with an overwhelming majority.
    (AP, 5/8/16)

2016        May 31, A Singapore court convicted four Bangladeshi workers of financing terrorism. They were being held on suspicion of planning attacks linked to the Islamic State group in their own country.
    (AP, 5/31/16)

2016        Jun 8, The Singapore government's Infocomm Development Authority said it has begun disconnecting internet access from the work stations of some government employees, and will expand the removal to all public workers by next June in an effort to make official information systems more secure.
    (AP, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 28, A Singapore court sentenced the founder of a website that published anti-foreign content to eight months in jail after he pleaded guilty to sedition. The court said Yang Kaiheng (27) had set up "The Real Singapore" website together with his Australian wife, Ai Takagi, and helped distribute accounts from visitors, some of which contained inaccuracies.
    (AP, 6/28/16)

2016        Jul 22, Singapore banned the distribution and possession of Al Fatihin, a newspaper linked to the Islamic State militant group, after government officials repeatedly warned against terror threats.
    (Reuters, 7/22/16)

2016        Aug 2, President Barack Obama and Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong held a formal meeting in the Oval Office with US-Asia relations and the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal involving both Singapore and the United States on the agenda.
    (AP, 8/2/16)

2016        Aug 5, Indonesian police arrested six suspected militants who they believed to be linked to the Islamic State group and plotting a rocket attack on Singapore. The six arrested were suspected of having links to Bahrun Naim, an Indonesian fighting with Islamic State in Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/5/16)

2016        Aug 13, Singapore exploded in celebration after homegrown swimming hero Joseph Schooling beat US legend Michael Phelps in the 100m butterfly in Rio to win the tiny republic's first ever Olympic gold.
    (AFP, 8/13/16)

2016        Aug 22, In Singapore former Pres. Sellapan Ramanathan (1999 to 2011), widely known as S.R. Nathan, died at age 92.
    (AP, 8/22/16)

2016        Aug 25, In Singapore the world's first self-driving taxis, operated by autonomous vehicle software startup nuTonomy, began picking up passengers. Six modified Renault Zoe and Mitsubishi i-MiEV electrics, carried a driver in front who is prepared to take back the wheel and a researcher in back who watches the car's computers.
    (AP, 8/25/16)

2016        Aug 26, Singapore's air quality deteriorated to unhealthy levels as winds blew smoke from fires on Sumatra, where millions of people are already affected by haze, across the city-state and into southern Malaysia. Six Indonesian provinces have declared states of emergency.
    (AP, 8/26/16)

2016        Aug 28, Singapore officials said at least 41 people have been infected locally by the Zika virus, most of them foreign workers at a construction site.
    (AFP, 8/28/16)(SFC, 8/29/16, p.A2)

2016        Sep 3, Singapore confirmed 26 more cases of locally-transmitted Zika infections bringing the tally to 215.
    (Reuters, 9/3/16)

2016        Sep 15, It was reported that private banks in Singapore are sharing with local police the names of clients embracing an Indonesian tax amnesty. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) confirmed in a statement that it has advised local banks to encourage their clients to use tax amnesty programs to regularize their tax affairs.
    (Reuters, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, Ocean Tankers, the Singapore-based owner of the two 74,000 ton ships, the Chao Hu and the Hong Ze Hu, confirmed that the vessels were being denied permission to leave the Red Sea port of Hodeida, Yemen's second-biggest port, which is controlled by the Houthi movement that also holds the capital Sanaa.
    (Reuters, 9/15/16)

2016        Oct 21, Singapore posted new public speaking rules, clarifying that foreign companies and individuals need a permit to sponsor or take part in certain events, in an amendment that will restrict foreign support for an annual gay-rights gathering.
    (Reuters, 10/21/16)

2016        Nov 11, Singapore convicted a banker who had handled some of Malaysia’s 1MDB money of forgery and failing to report suspicious transactions. He was sentenced to 18 weeks in jail.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.33)

2016        Dec 6, The Program for Int’l. Student Assessment (PISA), run by the OECD, released its latest results and showed students from Singapore roughly three years ahead of American students in math.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.20)

2016        Dec 13, Malaysia and Singapore signed an agreement to build a high-speed railway that would cut travel time between Kuala Lumpur and the city-state to just 90 minutes by 2026.
    (AP, 12/13/16)

2017        Jan 24, Hong Kong said it would release the nine Singaporean armored vehicles it seized in November on their way home from military exercises in Taiwan, easing tensions between China and Singapore.
    (Reuters, 1/24/17)

2017        Feb, Singapore’s Supreme Court upheld the conviction and fining of three activists who took part in a protest about the management of the Central Provident Fund, a compulsory savings scheme administered by the government.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.40)

2017        Mar 24, A US immigration judge in Chicago granted asylum to Singaporean blogger Amos Yee (18), saying he was persecuted for his political opinions in the Southeast Asian city-state. On September 26 Yee was released from custody after his bid for asylum was upheld.
    (Reuters, 3/25/17)(Econ, 4/1/17, p.33)(SFC, 9/27/17, p.A6)

2017        Apr 3, Singapore said it would repatriate Nalla Mohamed Abdul Jameel Abdul Malik (46), the chief cleric of a Muslim mosque, for offensive remarks targeting Christians and Jews, a decision that aimed to "repudiate divisive speech". During prayers on Jan. 6, the cleric made use of the phrase, "Grant us help against the Jews and the Christians."
    (Reuters, 4/3/17)

2017        Jul 1, Thousands of Singaporeans dressed in pink packed a city park for a gay-rights rally under tight security after the government banned foreign participants. The country’s Pink Dot rally started in 2009.
    (AFP, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 12, A Singapore court jailed Yeo Jiawei (34), a former wealth manager of Swiss bank BSI, for four and a half years for money laundering and cheating in a case linked to investigations into the siphoning off of billions of dollars from Malaysian sovereign fund 1MDB. Jiawei pleaded guilty to money laundering and cheating.
    (Reuters, 7/12/17)

2017        Jul 14, Singapore executed Prabagaran Srivijayan (22). He had been convicted of trafficking 22.4 grams of heroin.
    (AP, 9/9/17)

2017        Jul 15, In Singapore around 400 protesters gathered at Speakers' Corner on calling for an independent inquiry into whether PM Lee Hsien Loong abused his power in a battle with his siblings over what to do with their late father's house.
    (Reuters, 7/15/17)

2017        Jul 19, The Straits Times newspaper reported that Singapore has annulled a couple's marriage after the husband changed sex, prompting an outcry from a group that campaigns for the rights of gay and transgender people.
    (Reuters, 7/19/17)

2017        Jul 27, Amazon announced express delivery to Singapore in its first direct effort to tap into surging online shopping in fast-growing Southeast Asia.
    (AP, 7/27/17)

2017        Aug 4, Singapore said it had canceled the permanent residence status of Huang Jing, a professor at a prominent postgraduate school, whom it identified as a US citizen and accused him of being an agent of influence for a foreign country. The ruling also applied to Huang's wife, Shirley Yang Xiuping, and meant that if the couple leave Singapore they will not be able to re-enter.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)

2017        Aug 21, An early morning collision off Singapore between the USS John S. McCain and an oil tanker, the merchant vessel Alnic MC, left 10 US sailors missing. Singapore and Malaysia both said the incident took place in their territorial waters. Divers soon found the remains of two of the 10 sailors in sealed compartments of the ship. On May 25, 2018, Cmdr. Alfredo Sanchez pleaded guilty to dereliction of duty.
    (AP, 8/21/17)(Reuters, 8/21/17)(AFP, 8/22/17)(AP, 8/25/17)(SFC, 5/26/18, p.A6)

2017        Aug, The Singapore subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell Plc contacted authorities about oil theft at its Pulau Bukom industrial site. Court documents later listed two vessels used in the transfer of stolen oil products on Nov. 11 and Dec. 31 at two wharfs at Pulau Bukom. In January 2018 a Singapore court charged 11 men including eight Shell employees and two Vietnamese nationals related to the theft following a weekend raid arresting 17 people.
    (Reuters, 1/13/18)

2017        Sep 13, In Singapore Halimah Yacob, a former speaker of parliament, was declared elected after nominations closed. On September 11 a committee of senior officials declared that she was the only candidate eligible to become president.
    (Reuters, 9/16/17)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.36)
2017        Sep 13, A Dominican dredger collided with an Indonesian oil tanker in Singapore waters. Divers recovered two bodies from the partially submerged dredger. Three people remained missing.
    (AP, 9/14/17)

2017        Sep 14, In Singapore Halimah Yacob, a former speaker of parliament, was sworn in as the country;s first female president.
    (Econ, 9/16/17, p.36)

2017        Sep 16, Hundreds of Singaporeans, most dressed in black, held a silent protest against an uncontested presidential election this week in which applications from four candidates were rejected.
    (Reuters, 9/16/17)

2017        Sep 19, China and Singapore sought to put recent difficulties in their relationship over Taiwan and the disputed South China Sea behind them as Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong began a trip to Beijing.
    (Reuters, 9/19/17)

2017        Sep 23, Singaporean bodybuilder Pradip Subramanian (32) died after a celebrity Muay Thai fight against former Singapore Idol contestant Steven Lim (41) in the city-state.
    (Reuters, 9/24/17)

2017        Oct 30, Singapore said it has banned two Muslim foreign preachers from entering the city-state because their views bred intolerance and were a risk to its social harmony. They were identified as Ismail Menk of Zimbabwe and Haslin bin Baharim of Malaysia.
    (Reuters, 10/30/17)

2017        Nov 8, Singapore suspended trade ties with North Korea in the latest move by a country to implement UN sanctions to curb Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/16/17)

2017        Dec 12, Singapore launched an electric car-sharing service, the latest transport innovation aimed at encouraging people away from owning vehicles and keeping gridlock at bay in the space-starved city-state.
    (AFP, 12/12/17)

2017        Dec 28, It was reported that a Singapore court rejected this week a gay Singaporean doctor's bid to adopt his biological child because he was born by a surrogate mother in the US through a procedure not available for local unmarried couples.
    (Reuters, 12/28/17)

2017        Dec 28, Singapore detained Phan Van Anh Vu (42), wanted by Vietnam in connection with a corruption crackdown and for revealing state secrets, as he tried to leave for Malaysia.
    (Reuters, 1/2/18)

2017        Singapore, by virtue of dumping vast quantities of sand into the sea was now 20 percent larger than it was at independence in 1965.
    (Econ, 4/1/17, p.69)

2018        Jan 3, Singapore banned a film festival from screening the documentary "Radiance of Resistance" later this week that features a teenage Palestinian female activist Ahed Tamimi, whose arrest last month has made her a symbol of resistance to Israeli military occupation in the West Bank.
    (Reuters, 1/3/18)

2018        Feb 6, Boeing announced more than $900 million in orders at the Singapore Airshow from companies in the region and beyond.
    (AP, 2/6/18)

2018        Mar 8, In Chile 11 nations signed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, dropping tariffs and establishing sweeping new rules in markets representing about a seventh of the world's economy. members included Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam.
    (SFC, 3/9/18, p.C5)

2018        Mar 28, Singapore invited Human Rights Watch to give evidence at a parliamentary hearing on "fake news" as a dispute grew between the New York-based group and the city state.
    (Reuters, 3/28/18)

2018        Apr 27, In Singapore foreign ministers from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met to affirm a common vision amid happenings beyond their 10-member group.
    (AP, 4/27/18)

2018        Apr 28, Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong said that Southeast Asian countries will work more closely with new powers China and India to counter the pressure of protectionism and ensure continued growth. ASEAN leaders affirmed the need for peace in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 4/28/18)

2018        May 26, The US White House said that a team is heading to Singapore this weekend as previously planned to work on logistics for a summit with North Korea should it take place.
    (AP, 5/26/18)

2018        May 28, New Malaysian PM Mahathir Mohamad said that a planned high-speed railway that would cut travel time between Kuala Lumpur and Singapore to just 90 minutes will be axed because it isn't beneficial.
    (AP, 5/28/18)

2018        May 30, Environmental campaigners said a hidden shipment of shark fins including some from endangered species had been shipped to Hong Kong via Singapore Airlines, despite a ban by the carrier.
    (AFP, 5/30/18)

2018        Jun 1, The International Court of Justice (ICJ) said it has dropped a long-running territorial dispute between Malaysia and Singapore by mutual consent. The court said Malaysia this week notified it of its intent to drop its claim to Pedra Branca island, near the opening of the Straits of Singapore.
    (Reuters, 6/1/18)

2018        Jun 8, Former National Basketball Association star Dennis Rodman said he will be heading to Singapore for the planned June 12 summit between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Rodman's trip to Singapore, like the last one to North Korea, was sponsored by potcoin.com, the crypto-currency provider for the legal marijuana industry.
    (Reuters, 6/9/18)(Reuters, 6/12/18)

2018        Jun 10, US President Donald Trump arrived in Singapore for a historic June 12 summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who landed in Singapore earlier today.
    (AP, 6/10/18)

2018        Jun 12, President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un, meeting on Sentosa Island in Singapore, committed to "complete denuclearization" of the Korean Peninsula during the first meeting in history between a sitting US president and a North Korean leader. Trump announced a halt to US military exercises with treaty ally South Korea.
    (AP, 6/12/18)

2018        Jun 25, Singapore's Wilmar International, the world's largest palm oil processor, said it has ceased sourcing from suppliers that are allegedly associated with a company that was accused by Greenpeace of causing deforestation.
    (Reuters, 6/25/18)

2018        Jun 27, In Singapore the SingHealth cyberattack began and continued to July 4. The attack specifically and repeatedly targeted the health records of PM Lee Hsien Loong and breached 1.5 million health records.
    (AP, 8/6/18)

2018        Jul 20, Singapore's government said a major cyberattack on the government health database stole the personal information of about 1.5 million people, including PM Lee Hsien Loong.
    (Reuters, 7/20/18)

2018        Aug 1, In Singapore top diplomats of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) gathered for a 4-day meeting.
    (AP, 8/1/18)

2018        Aug 4, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pledged to provide nearly $300 million in new security funding for Southeast Asia. Pompeo unveiled the figure on the sidelines of a meeting in Singapore of foreign ministers from the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)

2018        Aug 6, Singapore's immigration authority said it has started scanning travelers' eyes at some of its border checkpoints, in a trial of expensive technology that could one day replace fingerprint verification.
    (Reuters, 8/6/18)

2018        Aug 22, Singapore's government said the author of the book that inspired the hit film "Crazy Rich Asians" failed to register for national service as required. According to his bio, writer Kevin Kwan was born in Singapore and left when he was 11, living in the US since then.
    (AP, 8/22/18)

2018        Oct 20, In Singapore several countries including the United States and China agreed "in principle" to multilateral guidelines to manage unexpected encounters between their military aircraft, joining 10 Southeast Asian nations already in the pact. The agreement was initially adopted a day earlier by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
    (Reuters, 10/20/18)

2018        Oct 23, British electric appliance pioneer Dyson said it had picked Singapore as the site for its first electric car plant, sparking criticism of the company's Brexit-backing billionaire founder James Dyson for not investing more in British manufacturing.
    (AFP, 10/23/18)

2018        Oct 25, The US Treasury Department imposed sanctions on two Singapore-based entities and Tan Wee Beng, a director and shareholder of a Singapore-based commodities trading company, accused of money laundering through the US financial system to evade sanctions against North Korea.
    (Reuters, 10/25/18)

2018        Oct 26, Singapore hanged Prabu N Pathmanathan, a convicted Malaysian drug trafficker (31), after the city-state rejected last minute efforts to save him.
    (AFP, 10/26/18)

2018        Nov 9, Singapore's central bank said it had filed a police report against an online article by an Australia-based independent blogger about Singapore banks and Malaysia's scandal-linked 1MDB state fund.
    (AP, 11/10/18)

2018        Nov 13, In Singapore the annual gathering of Southeast Asian leaders (ASEAN) began with a warning from the host, Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong, about threats against international rules that underpin world stability and economic growth.
    (AP, 11/13/18)

2018        Nov 14, In Singapore leaders of Southeast Asian nations again pushed back an agreement on a pan-Asian free trade deal amid a whirlwind of diplomacy at their annual summit. Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong said a final agreement will be delayed until 2019.
    (AP, 11/14/18)
2018        Nov 14, Meeting in Singapore Russia's President Vladimir Putin and Japan's PM Shinzo Abe agreed to step up the pace of talks to end a decades-old territorial dispute.
    (Reuters, 11/14/18)

2018        Dec 4, Singapore said it has lodged a "strong protest" with Malaysia over its plan to extend the limits of a port in Malaysia's southern-most state, saying it encroached into the territorial waters of the city-state.
    (Reuters, 12/4/18)

2018        Dec 17, In Singapore a gay man won the right to adopt a child he fathered via a surrogate in the United States, in a landmark court ruling for the conservative city-state.
    (AFP, 12/17/18)

2019        Jan 14, Singapore's foreign minister warned of "consequences" if neighboring Malaysia continues to escalate a dispute over waters claimed by the city state.
    (AP, 1/14/19)

2019        Jan 23, Singapore actor Aloysius Pang (28) died in New Zealand. He was on a military training exercise when a gun barrel was lowered on a large artillery device he was helping to repair on Jan. 19. It crushed his abdomen and chest.
    (AP, 1/24/19)

2019        Jan 28, Singapore's health ministry accused American Mikhy K. Farrera Brochez of stealing and leaking the records of 14,200 people infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, before January 2013. Brochez worked in Singapore as a lecturer for a period before he was jailed for several drug and fraud-related offenses and deported last year.
    (AP, 1/28/19)

2019        Feb 13, The European Parliament approved a free trade deal with Singapore that the European Union hopes to use as a blueprint for further deals in southeast Asia. It will become operational after the member states give their final approval.
    (AP, 2/13/19)

2019        Mar 7, Singapore axed a gig by Watain, a Swedish metal band with Satanic beliefs, whose performances have involved throwing pig's blood onto revelers, just hours before it was due to go ahead.
    (AFP, 3/7/19)

2019        Apr 3, Singapore officials found a record 14.2 tons of pangolin scales hidden among packets of frozen beef. Five days later, they found 14 more tons in 474 bags in another container. The scales were linked to four species of pangolins native to Africa.
    (AP, 4/10/19)

2019        Apr 6, Malaysia and Singapore reached an agreement to end their months-long airspace dispute. Under the deal, Singapore will halt instrument landing system procedures at its Seletar Airport, while Malaysia will open up a restricted area near the countries' border.
    (AP, 4/6/19)

2019        May 3, Singapore police said that $26 million in 1MDB-related funds was in the process of being returned to Malaysia, the latest tranche in $176 million in cash and properties seized by the city-state relating to the scandal. Sources said US authorities will this month return $200 million stolen from Malaysia's state fund 1MDB, including money from a stake in a luxury New York hotel and from a Hollywood movie producer.
    (Reuters, 5/3/19)

2019        May 8, Singapore passed a law criminalizing publication of fake news and allowing the government to block and order the removal of such content. The Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Bill passed by a vote of 72-9.
    (AP, 5/09/19)

2019        Jun 4, US citizen Mikhy Farrera-Brochez, who leaked the names of more than 14,000 HIV-positive people in Singapore, was found guilty by a US court of illegally transferring personal data and threatening the Singapore government. He faced up to two years in prison on each of the two counts of sending threatening communications, and up to five years for possessing and transferring identity information.
    (AP, 6/6/19)

2019        Jun 13, Two oil tankers near the strategic Strait of Hormuz were damaged in suspected attacks. The MT Front Altair, a Marshall Islands-flagged crude oil tanker owned by Norway-based Frontline, and Kokuka Courageous, managed by a Singapore company were attacked in the Gulf of Oman.
    (AP, 6/13/19)

2019        Jun 19, In Singapore one of two runways at the main airport closed for short periods over the last 24 hours because of "confirmed sightings of unauthorized drone flying.
    (Reuters, 6/19/19)

2019        Jul 10, It was reported that Sir James Dyson (72), the leading Brexiteer, billionaire and high-flying British technology entrepreneur, has bought the most expensive “super penthouse" in Singapore for £44 million.
    (The Telegraph, 7/10/19)

2019        Aug 12, Singapore said it will ban the domestic trade in ivory from September 2021. The international trade in ivory has been banned since 1990 under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
    (Reuters, 8/12/19)

2019        Aug 27, Singapore-based Alliance to End Plastic Waste (AEPW), a global alliance of plastic makers and consumer goods companies, said it would prioritize much of its $1 billion funds to curb plastic waste in Southeast Asia.
    (Reuters, 8/27/19)

2019        Sep 14, Singapore's air quality deteriorated to "unhealthy" levels for the first time in three years, data from the National Environment Agency (NEA) showed, threatening to deepen a regional dispute over forest fires.
    (Reuters, 9/14/19)

2019        Sep 21, Singapore held its first Climate Rally demonstration at Speaker's Corner.
    (https://tinyurl.com/2pu6bcce)(Econ., 1/9/21, p.17)

2019        Nov 3, Some 300 to 400 Singaporeans held a rare rally in a park against the government's immigration policies. Around 40% of the 5.7 million people living on the small city-state are foreign and some Singaporeans are frustrated with the number of immigrants in the city-state.
    (Reuters, 11/3/19)

2019        Nov 29, Singapore's government said that it has ordered Facebook to publish a correction on a user's social media post under a new "fake news" law, raising fresh questions about how the company will adhere to government requests to regulate content. a correction notice was soon embedded at the bottom of the original post without any alterations to the text.
    (Reuters, 11/30/19)

2020        Jan 2, Razer Inc said it is leading a consortium of companies that has applied for a online bank license in Singapore, joining the race to shake up the city state's financial sector. Razer Inc. is a global gaming hardware manufacturing company, as well as an esports and financial services provider established in 2005 in San Diego, California, by Singaporean entrepreneur Min-Liang Tan and Robert Krakoff.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Razer_Inc.)(AP, 1/2/20)

2020        Jan 22, Singapore began taking the temperatures of air passengers arriving from China, a day before China stopped travel into and out of Wuhan.
    (Econ, 4/11/20, p.26)

2020        Mar 10, Singapore started charging visitors for coronavirus treatment after it reported new imported cases from neighboring Indonesia.
    (Reuters, 3/10/20)

2020        Mar 15, Singapore confirmed 14 new cases of the novel coronavirus, marking the biggest daily increase of the infection in the city-state. Nine of the cases were imported. Singapore has confirmed a total 226 cases of the virus so far, with 105 having fully recovered.
    (Reuters, 3/15/20)

2020        Mar 20, Singapore rolled out a contact-tracing app to help direct testing for the coronavirus. After a month it had only been downloaded by a sixth of the population.
    (Econ, 4/18/20, p.60)

2020        Mar 21, Singapore reported 47 new cases of coronavirus, which were mainly imported, taking the city-state's tally to 432 infections. Singapore reported its first two coronavirus deaths.
    (Reuters, 3/21/20)

2020        Mar 23, Singapore reported its biggest one-day jump in coronavirus infections with 54 new cases, of which 48 were imported.
    (Bloomberg, 3/23/20)

2020        Mar 29, Singapore reports 42 new coronavirus cases, taking tally to 844. Singapore reported its third coronavirus death.
    (Reuters, 3/29/20)

2020        Apr 1, Singapore reported 74 new coronavirus cases in its biggest intraday jump, bringing the total tally to 1,000. Twenty of the new cases were imported while 54 were locally transmitted.
    (Reuters, 4/1/20)

2020        Apr 2, Singapore suffered its fourth death, a day after it reported a record number of new cases that took its total to 1,000.
    (Reuters, 4/2/20)

2020        Apr 3, Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong said the government would no longer discourage the use of face masks, and would distribute reusable ones to every household to help stem the coronavirus pandemic.
    (Econ, 4/11/20, p.27)

2020        Apr 4, Singapore’s Ministry of Health confirmed an additional 75 cases of Covid-19 infection, of which six were imported and 69 local cases with no recent travel history abroad. The city-state reported a sixth death from the virus.
    (Bloomberg, 4/4/20)

2020        Apr 5, Singapore reported 120 new cases of the coronavirus, the most in a day, bringing the total to 1,309. Of the new cases, only four involved patients with recent travel history.
    (Bloomberg, 4/5/20)

2020        Apr 7, Singapore's government passed a new law in parliament banning all social gatherings in homes and public spaces to curb the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19). The Health Ministry confirmed 106 new cases of coronavirus infections, most of them locally transmitted, taking the city-state's total to 1,481.
    (https://tinyurl.com/yd7alwax)Reuters, 4/7/20)

2020        Apr 8, Singapore's Health Ministry confirmed 142 new coronavirus infections for a total of 1,623, the biggest daily increase yet, and said a seventh person had died after testing positive for the disease.
    (Reuters, 4/8/20)

2020        Apr 13, Singapore recorded a new high of 386 cases of the coronavirus, its largest single-day spike to date.
    (Bloomberg, 4/14/20)

2020        Apr 14, Singapore recorded 334 new cases, the second day figures have exceeded 300, bringing the tally so far to 3,252.
    (Bloomberg, 4/14/20)

2020        Apr 15, Singapore's health ministry confirmed 447 new coronavirus cases in the biggest daily jump, to bring the total number of cases in the city-state to 3,699. 404 of the new cases were linked to migrant workers' dormitories.
    (Reuters, 4/15/20)

2020        Apr 18, Singapore's health ministry confirmed 942 more coronavirus infections.
    (Reuters, 4/18/20)

2020        Apr 19, Singapore's health ministry confirmed 596 new coronavirus infections, taking the total number of cases in the city-state to 6,588. The vast majority of the new cases were migrant workers living in dormitories.
    (Reuters, 4/19/20)

2020        Apr 21, Singapore has reported 9,125 coronavirus cases, a tenfold increase in just three weeks, though it has reported just 11 fatalities.
    (Bloomberg, 4/21/20)

2020        Apr 22, Singapore reported 1,016 new cases of the coronavirus pushing its total to 10,141. The death toll remained at 11.
    (SFC, 4/23/20, p.A4)

2020        Apr 25, Singapore registered 618 new coronavirus infections, taking the city-state's total number of COVID-19 cases to 12,693.
    (Reuters, 4/25/20)

2020        Apr 26, Singapore registered 931 new coronavirus infections, taking the city-state's total number of COVID-19 cases to 13,624. The country has one of the highest infection rates in Asia due to outbreaks in cramped dormitories housing over 300,000 mainly South Asian workers.
    (Reuters, 4/26/20)

2020        May 15, In Singapore Punithan Genasan (37) received a death sentence via zoom for his role in a drug deal that took place in 2011. This marked the city's first case where such a ruling has been done remotely.
    (BBC, 5/20/20)

2020        Jun 1, Singapore announced plans to build lower-density dormitories for some 100,000 migrant workers. Nearly all of its COVID-19 cases have been among migrant workers.
    (Econ., 6/20/20, p.31)

2020        Jul 10, Singapore held parliamentary elections.The Ruling People's Action Party (PAP) won 83 of Parliament's 93 seats. The opposition Workers' Party (WP) took a record 10 seats in the best performance by an opposition party since independence in 1965.
    (SSFC, 7/12/20, p.A7)(Econ., 7/18/20, p.29)

2020        Jul 29, A Singapore court fined the nephew of PM Lee Hsien Loong for criticizing the judiciary in a Facebook post two years ago amid a deepening family feud.
    (SFC, 7/31/20, p.A2)

2020        Sep 2, Singapore health authorities said they have detected new COVID-19 clusters at foreign worker dormitories previously found to be clear of the infection, highlighting the challenge in containing the spread of the highly infectious virus. Foreign workers accounted for 94% of nearly 58,000 cases in the city-state.
    (Reuters, 9/3/20)(Econ., 9/19/20, p.40)

2020        Oct 10, It was reported that Singapore ride hailing app Grab has grown into the country's most popular mobile wallet with over 60 bank tie-ups.
    (Econ., 10/10/20, p.62)

2020        Oct 29, It was reported that a company in Singapore has developed a breathalyser test for the new coronavirus which it says will enable people to know whether they are infected in under a minute. Breathonix, a startup firm from the National University of Singapore, said its test achieved more than 90% accuracy in a pilot clinical trial of 180 people.
    (Reuters, 10/29/20)

2020        Nov 24, Singapore has all but eradicated the virus after reporting 14 days without any new local cases today, and saying it had snuffed out the last cluster of infection at a worker dormitory.
    (Reuters, 11/25/20)

2020        Dec 2, San Francisco company Eat Just announced that it will sell its cultured chicken meat in Singapore, making it the first of its kind to be approved for sale.
    (SFC, 12/3/20, p.C1)

2020        Dec 9, Nearly 1,700 passengers on a Royal Caribbean 'cruise-to-nowhere' from Singapore remained confined in their cabins for more than 14 hours after a COVID-19 case was detected on board, forcing the ship back to port.
    (Reuters, 12/9/20)

2020        Dec 10, Advanced MedTech, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore state investor Temasek, said Singapore has approved its COVID-19 kit for use in testing saliva from deep within the throat.
    (Reuters, 12/10/20)
2020        Dec 10, Britain signed a free trade deal with Singapore. The deal came as PM Boris Johnson and EU chief Ursula von der Leyen tried to seal a new trade pact and avert what some fear will be a chaotic end to the five-year Brexit process.
    (The Telegraph, 12/10/20)

2020        Dec 14, Singapore became the first Asian country to approve Pfizer-BioNTech's coronavirus vaccine and said it expects to start receiving shots by the end of the year.
    (Reuters, 12/14/20)

2020        Dec 23, Singapore said it has confirmed its first case of the new coronavirus variant found in the United Kingdom, while 11 others who were already in quarantine had returned preliminarily positive results for the new strain.
    (Reuters, 12/23/20)

2020        Dec 31, Singapore reported five locally transmitted COVID-19 cases, its highest number in nearly three months, and was seeking to verify two others suspected of being infected by a highly contagious variant first discovered in Britain.
    (Reuters, 12/31/20)

2021        Jan 4, Singapore said its police will be able to use data obtained by its coronavirus contact-tracing technology for criminal investigations, a decision likely to increase privacy concerns around the system.
    (Reuters, 1/4/21)

2021        Apr 4, Singaporean blogger Leong Sze Hian said he had raised S$133,000 ($98,840) via crowdfunding on social media to cover damages he was ordered to pay PM Lee Hsien Loong in a defamation case filed by the city-state's leader. In 2018 Hian shared on Facebook an online news article that linked the premier to a financial scandal at Malaysia's state fund 1MDB.
    (Reuters, 4/4/21)

2021        May 13, Singapore's health ministry reported 24 locally transmitted COVID-19 cases, the highest daily number since mid-September, with 17 of the new cases linked to a cluster at Chang Airport.
    (Reuters, 5/13/21)

2021        May 14, Singapore further tightened social distancing restrictions. New coronavirus cases have risen to 71 in the last week from 48 a week earlier. Singapore has reported 61,4505 cases and 31 deaths since the pandemic started.
    (SFC, 5/15/21, p.A5)

2021        Jun 24, Singapore said it expects to almost double the number of doses of coronavirus vaccines it administers each day to 80,000 from this weekend and might later ease restrictions on gatherings and travel for those inoculated.
    (Reuters, 6/24/21)

2021        Jul 19, Singapore saw new local coronavirus cases almost double from the previous day to 163, the highest daily tally in 11 months, driven by clusters of infections linked to a fishery port and karaoke bars.
    (Reuters, 7/19/21)

2021        Aug 19, America's Museum of Ice Cream launched its first international outlet in Singapore.
    (Reuters, 8/19/21)

2021        Sep 1, Singapore's high court ordered two news bloggers to pay PM Lee Hsien Loong a combined S$370,000 ($275,113) in damages, over an article about the status of the home of his late father and the city-state's modern-day founder, Lee Kuan Yew. The August 2019 article published on The Online Citizen included references to a disagreement within the Lee family about what to do with the property.
    (Reuters, 9/1/21)

2021        Sep 5, Singapore's Home Team Science and Technology Agency said Singapore has put two autonomous robots on trial to detect bad behavior such as flouting of COVID-19 safety measures, smoking in prohibited areas and the improper parking of bicycles.
    (Reuters, 9/6/21)

2021        Sep 7, Singapore's health ministry recorded 328 new domestic coronavirus cases, the highest daily number of new infections in more than a year.
    (Reuters, 9/7/21)

2021        Sep 12, In Singapore the number of patients requiring oxygen, however, doubled to a record 54 from two days before. The percentage of unvaccinated who became severely ill or died was 5.2%. For the fully vaccinated that percentage was 1%.
    (Reuters, 9/13/21)

2021        Sep 22, Singapore's health ministry reported 1,457 new COVID-19 cases, the highest since April last year. More than 80% of its population has been vaccinated against COVID-19.
    (Reuters, 9/22/21)

2021        Sep 23, Singapore's health ministry reported 1,504 new COVID-19 cases, the highest since the beginning of the pandemic.
    (Reuters, 9/23/21)

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