Timeline American Samoa and Samoa

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American Samoa         
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A US territory. The largest island is Tutuila, home to 95 percent of the territory's 65,000 population. It is slightly larger than Washington, D.C.
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)(AP, 9/30/09)
The Samoan Islands in the South Pacific west of 170º W longitude comprise an independent state and the rest belong to the US.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1265)

1300BC    The Lapita people took once again to the open seas about this time, pushing east past the Solomon Islands to the Bismarck archipelago and beyond to Vanuatu, Fiji and Samoa. Theses Southeast Asian peoples had headed south from Taiwan to Papua New Guinea and as far as the main Solomon islands, where they stopped some 40,000 years ago.
    (AFP, 11/9/10)

c1850        European ties to Samoa increased due to trade and religious ministry.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1892        Samoa made a decision to stay behind a day on the international date line and align itself with US traders based in California. In 2011 it planned to leap 24 hours into the future so that it can be on the same weekday as Australia, New Zealand and eastern Asia.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

1894        Dec 3, Robert Louis Stevenson (b.1850), Scottish-American writer, died in Samoa. He was the author of such works as "Treasure Island," "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," "The Master of Ballantrae," "The Silverado Squatters, "Kidnapped" and "Travels with a Donkey." In 2005 Clair Harman authored “Robert Louis Stevenson: A Biography."
    (Smith., 8/95, p.51-58)(AP, 12/3/97)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.79)

1895        Photographer John Davis shot his classic Samoan Princess Fa’ane.
    Samoa
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)

1899        A treaty between American, Germany and Britain gave Western Samoa to the Germans and Eastern Samoa to the Americans. In an Anglo-German treaty the UK renounced its rights to the Samoan Islands
    (HN, 1/16/99)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1900        Jan 16, The U.S. Senate consented to the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 by which the UK renounced its rights to the Samoan Islands.
    (HN, 1/16/99)

1900        By this time Samoa supported three residential. Commercial photographers.
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)

1904        The eastern Samoan islands became territories of the United States and later became known as American Samoa. The western islands became known as Western Samoa (later the Independent State of Samoa), passing from German control to New Zealand in 1914. New Zealand administered Western Samoa under the auspices of the League of Nations and then as a UN trusteeship until independence in 1962. Western Samoa was the first Pacific Island country to gain its independence.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1842.htm)

c1914        When WW I began New Zealand pried Western Samoa from the Germans.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1923-1924    Frances and Robert Flaherty, who made the documentary "Nanook of the North," settled in Samoa to make the silent-film classic "Moana: A Romance of the Golden Age."
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)

1928        “Coming of Age in Samoa" by Margaret Mead was published. Franz Boas had sent Mead to study the lives of adolescent girls. Boas held that the surrounding culture determines all human action and that thus human nature lacks a biological component. In 1983 Derek Freeman published "Margaret Mead in Samoa," in which he laid waste Mead's portrayal of 1920s Samoan society. Other books on the Mead controversy followed and in 1999 Freeman published "The Fateful Hoaxing of Margaret Mead: A Historical Analysis of Her Samoan Research."
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.7)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A17)

1953        The film “Return to Paradise" starred Gary Cooper and Roberta Haynes. It was directed by Mark Robson, set in Samoa and based on a book by James Michener.
    (TVM, 1975, p.475)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1962        Jan 1, Samoa became independent from New Zealand. Malietoa Tanumafili II nursed Samoa to independence and presided as head of state jointly for 16 months and thereafter on his own for 43 years.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1842.htm)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.101)

1971        Australia joined with New Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006, associate members territories are New Caledonia and French Polynesia. In 2011 Guam, the Northern Marianas and American Samoa became associate members.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Islands_Forum)(Econ., 2/13/21, p.41)

1978        Nov 15, Margaret Mead (b.1901), American cultural anthropologist, died in NY. Her books included “Coming of Age in Samoa." In 1983 Derek Freeman authored "Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth," in which he challenged all of Mead’s major findings.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Mead)

1982-1998    Tofilau Eti Alesana (d.1999 at 74) served as the prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.A21)

1991        Barry and Jennifer Rose of LA opened the Coconuts Beach Club.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.19)

1996        The 1st traffic light was installed in the capital of Apia.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.16)

1997        Apr 14, In SF the winners of the 1997 Goldman Environmental Prize were announced: Included were Samoan chieftain Fuiono Senio and ethnobotonist Paul Cox for establishing forest preserves.
    (SFC, 4/14/97, p.A11)

1997        The prime minister changed the name of the Independent State of Western Samoa to the Independent State of Samoa.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1998        Nov, Tofilau Eti Alesana stepped down as prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.A21)

1999        Jul 16, Luagalau Levaula Kamu (44), a government minister, was shot and killed during a political rally. In 2000 Leafa Vitale (57) and Toi Aukuso (68) were convicted of planning the murder.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A13)   

2000        Global Domains International, Inc. (GDI) launched the .WS  Internet domain in partnership with the island nation of Samoa.
    (www.website.ws/about.dhtml)

2001         Samoa’s population was about 171,000.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.19)

2002        Jun 4, New Zealand's prime minister apologized for mistakes her country made during its 48-year rule over the tiny South Pacific island chain of Samoa.
    (AP, 6/3/02)

2004        Sep 30, A deal was announced between Samoa and UC Berkeley researchers to clone a promising anti-AIDS drug, prostratin, from the bark of the native mamala tree.
    (SFC, 10/1/04, p.B1)


2007        May 11, Malietoa Tanumafili II, head of state of Samoa, died at age 94-95.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.101)

2009        Sep 29, A magnitude 8.0-8.3 earthquake struck about 120 miles south of the islands of Samoa, population about 180,000 people, and American Samoa, a US territory of 65,000. Four tsunami waves 15 to 20 feet (4 to 6 meters) high roared ashore on American Samoa, reaching up to a mile (1.5km) inland. At least 142 were killed in Samoa and at least 32 on American Samoa and leaving dozens missing. Authorities in Tonga, south of the Samoas, confirmed at least 9 dead. In 2010 new research indicated that 2 great earthquakes caused the tsunami.
    (AP, 9/30/09)(AFP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/5/09)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)(SFC, 8/19/10, p.A2)

2011        May 9, It was reported that Samoa plans to leap 24 hours into the future, erasing a day and putting a new kink in the Pacific's jagged international date line so that it can be on the same weekday as Australia, New Zealand and eastern Asia.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

2011        Dec 29, At midnight Samoa leaped to Dec 31 to align itself with trading partners in its South Pacific region. For the country’s 186,000 citizens, Dec 30 will simply not exist.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A2)

2011        Dec 30, At midnight on Dec 29 Samoa leaped to Dec 31 to align itself with trading partners. For the country’s 186,000 citizens, Dec 30, 2011 will simply not exist.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A2)

2013        Apr 3, Samoa Air planned to start pricing its first international flights based on the weight of its passengers and their bags. Depending on the flight, each kg (2.2 pounds) would cost 93 cents to $1.06. The new airline was launched last June.
    (AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Nov 7, China’s Vice Premier Wang Yang said China will provide a concessionary loan of up to $1 billion to Pacific island nations to support construction projects in a part of the world where Beijing and Taiwan compete for influence. He made the announcement at a forum with Pacific island nations in Guangzhou at a meeting attended by representatives from Micronesia, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Niue and Fiji.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)

2014        Jan 22, The Washington-based Int’l. Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) said it has obtained documents showing the identities of nearly 22,000 owners of companies and trusts in the British Virgin Islands, Samoa and other offshore centers. It said they include the brother-in-law of China’s Pres. Xi, former Premier Wen Jiabao’s son and son-in-law and relatives of other ruling party figures.
    (SFC, 1/23/14, p.A4)

2017        Sep 8, In Samoa at the Pacific Island Leaders Forum PM Malcolm Turnbull said Australia will extend its Pacific Islands migrant labor program and fly aerial surveillance missions to protect valuable Pacific fisheries.
    (Reuters, 9/9/17)
2017        Sep 8, Pacific island leaders demanded urgent action from the global community to address climate change, following fresh warnings that the region would be hit harder than anywhere else on Earth. This followed a week-long gathering of the 18-member Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) in the Samoan capital Apia.
    (AFP, 9/8/17)

2017        Dec 5, The European Union put 17 non-EU countries on a blacklist of those it deems guilty of unfairly offering tax avoidance schemes. They Included: American Samoa, Bahrain, Barbados, Grenada, Guam, South Korea, Macau, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Namibia, Palau, Panama, St. Lucia, Samoa, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia and United Arab Emirates. Over 40 more were put on a "grey list" to be monitored until they are fully committed to reforms.
    (AP, 12/5/17)

2019        Jun 11, The Pacific nation of Samoa said it has banned the Elton John biopic "Rocketman" because of its depictions of homosexuality.
    (AP, 6/11/19)

2019        Nov 17, Samoa declared a state of emergency this weekend, closing all schools and cracking down on public gatherings, after several deaths linked to a measles outbreak that has spread across the Pacific islands. The island state of just 200,000 declared a measles epidemic late in October after the first deaths were reported.
    (Reuters, 11/17/19)

2019        Nov 22, Samoa's government said deaths related to measles, mostly among small children, have more than tripled to 20 in the past week, eight days after declaring a state of emergency over the outbreak.
    (Reuters, 11/22/19)

2019        Dec 2, Samoa's government said five children have died due to measles in the last 24 hours bringing the death toll to 53 since late October.
    (SFC, 12/3/19, p.A4)

2019        Dec 5, Samoa's government told most public and private workers to stay at home and shut down roads to nonessential vehicles as teams began going door-to-door to administer vaccines against the measles epidemic that has killed 62 people.
    (SFC, 12/6/19, p.A4)

2019        Dec 9, The UN released $2.6 million in emergency aid to combat the measles epidemic in Samoa as the death toll reached 70.
    (AP, 12/10/19)

2019        Dec 28, The South Pacific island nation of Samoa lifted a six week-state of emergency after the infection rate from a measles outbreak that has swept the country started to come under control. The outbreak left 83 people dead.
    (Reuters, 12/28/19)(Econ, 3/21/20, p.34)

2020        Nov 19, Samoa's PM Tuilaepa Sailele Maleilegaoi appealed for calm after her country reported its first positive test for the coronavirus. A 2nd test returned a negative result on a sailor who had flown in from New Zealand.
    (SFC, 11/20/20, p.A8)

2021        Apr 9, Samoa held elections. The upstart party of Fiame Naomi Mata'afa (64) tied the party of PM Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi. An independent candidate soon backed Mata'afa, who was scheduled to be sworn in as prime minister on May 24.
    (SFC, 5/22/21, p.A3)

2021        May 20, Samoa's incoming PM Fiame Naomi Mata'afa announced that she would cancel a $100 million wharf development backed by China.
    (SFC, 5/22/21, p.A3)

2021        May 22, Samoa's apointed head of state Va'aletoa Sualauvi II announced that he was suspending parliament, two days before it was scheduled to swear in Fiame Naomi Mata'afa.
    (SSFC, 5/23/21, p.A8)

2021        May 24, Samoa's incoming PM Fiame Naomi Mata'afa's party (FAST) held its own swearing in ceremony after being locked out of the Parliament House.
    (SFC, 5/22/21, p.A3)

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