Timeline Puntland

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1998        Abdulahhi Yusuf (Yussuf) was elected by elders in Puntland. Yusuf was later challenged by Jama Ali Jama.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A7)

2001        Nov 25, Ethiopia sent troops into the northeastern Somali region of Puntland to help Col. Abdullahi Yussuf (Yusuf) regain power. Yussuf was overthrown Aug 26 after his 3-year term ended. On Nov 21 Yussuf launched an attack on Garoweh, the capital of Puntland and said it was to crush Islamic terrorists.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A10)

2005        Aug 31, Some 200 Somalis and Ethiopians left Somalia's semiautonomous Puntland region in two boats. Smugglers making the illegal crossing from Somalia to Yemen forced passengers into the Red Sea at gunpoint 10 miles from the Yemeni coastline, leaving at least 57 dead and about 100 missing.
    (AP, 9/5/05)

2006        Nov 20, Gen. Addeh Museh, the president of the semiautonomous region of Puntland, said he will rule according to Islamic law, a surprising move in a relatively stable area that has resisted the spread of Islamic militants who control most of southern Somalia.
    (AP, 11/20/06)

2008        Oct 29, In northern Somalia 5 suicide car bombs attacks killed 28 people in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, and in Bosasso, Puntland. Somali authorities arrested Cleric Sheik Mohamed Ismail in connection with the attacks.
    (AP, 10/30/08)(SFC, 10/30/08, p.A4)

2009        Nov 11, In Somalia gunmen in Bossaso killed High Court Judge Mohamed Abdi Aware, a top judge who had sentenced many pirates and human traffickers to long jail terms. 3 men were arrested the next day over the killing. Puntland legislator Ibrahim Ilmi Warsame was also shot dead as he sat in a restaurant with friends.
    (AP, 11/12/09)

2011        Sep 2, Puntland soldiers raided neighborhoods searching for gunmen linked to Al Qaeda-inspired Shebab militants. At least 21 people were killed and 31 others wounded in two days of heavy fighting on the border of Somalia proper and the breakaway state of Puntland.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)

2012        Feb 18, Somalia's disparate leaders agreed on the basic structure of a new parliament and government to replace the fragile transitional body that has failed to bring peace to the war-torn country. The accord proposed a parliamentary system for anarchic Somalia, with both Puntland and Galmudug recognized as states within a federal system.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)
2012        Jun 28, In Dubai Somali President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and his counterpart Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo of Somaliland agreed to boost cooperation between their different factions. The two men signed the "Dubai Charter" in the presence of the leaders of Puntland and Galmudug, two self-proclaimed autonomous regions in Somalia.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jul 20, Puntland security forces of the semi-autonomous region in northern Somalia seized a boat carrying weapons that were being smuggled from al-Qaida militants in Yemen to fighters in Somalia.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Dec 23, Puntland forces, after a two-week siege, captured back the Panamanian-flagged MV Iceberg 1 and rescued 22 hostages who had been held by pirates since May 29, 2010. The hijackers had killed a Yemeni sailor who tried to escape. The pirates near the coastal village of Garaad escaped.
    (SFC, 12/24/12, p.A2)(AP, 12/29/12)

2013        Feb 11, Somali police said a suicide car bomb attack targeting a senior Puntland police commander in Galkayo killed only the bomber.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Apr 30, In the Puntland region of Somalia 13 prisoners were executed by firing squad on the outskirts of Bossaso. One soldier who helped carry out the execution died after being struck by an errant bullet fired by a colleague.
    (AP, 4/30/13)
2013        Jul 7, In Somalia journalist Liban Abdullahi Farah was gunned down in Galkayo, Puntland province. He was the 6th journalist to die violently in Somalia this year.
    (Econ, 8/3/13, p.44)(http://tinyurl.com/oafs6e7)
2013        Nov 9, A tropical cyclone hit Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region. As many as 300 people were feared dead. Hundreds remained unaccounted for as the government and declared a natural disaster emergency.
    (Reuters, 11/11/13)(AFP, 11/13/13)
2013        Dec 5, In Somalia at least 8 people were killed when a suicide car bomber rammed a convoy in the northern port of Bossasso, a Puntland region harboring Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab insurgents where tensions are high ahead of elections in January.
    (AFP, 12/5/13)

2014        Jan 8, Officials in the semi-autonomous Somalia region of Puntland confirmed Abdiweli Mohammed Ali Gaas, a former Somali prime minister, as the region's new leader.
    (AP, 1/8/14)(AFP, 1/8/14)

2015        Jan 7, Puntland area regional President Abdiweli Mohamed said 20 al Shabaab rebels and five soldiers have been killed in fighting in the past week in the Galgala hills. Al Shabaab's military spokesman, Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, said the group had killed 23 soldiers in three days of clashes and that fighting was continuing.
    (Reuters, 1/7/15)
2015        Jan 14, In Puntland, a region of northern Somalia, Islamist fighters killed at least two officers at a police post in Basasso port town, as the militants, driven out of areas further south, make more frequent attacks in the semi-autonomous north.
    (Reuters, 1/15/15)
2015        Feb 7, In Puntland at least 2 people were killed when Somali militants al Shabaab attacked the house of a senior police official in the semi-autonomous region.
    (Reuters, 2/8/15)
2015        Apr 18, Somalia's Shebab shot dead a lawmaker in Mogadishu. Adan Haji Hussein, a visiting MP in the semi-autonomous northern Puntland region, was killed for being a member of the apostate administration.
    (AFP, 4/18/15)
2015        Apr 20, Somali militant group al Shabaab bombed a minivan carrying staff to a UN office in the semi-autonomous Puntland region, killing 9 people including 4 from the global body's children's fund UNICEF.
    (Reuters, 4/20/15)
2015        May 4, Somalia's al Shabaab militants stormed a police station in the country's semi-autonomous region of Puntland and killed 3 policemen.
    (Reuters, 5/5/15)
2015        May 8, Puntland lawmaker Said Hussein Nur was shot dead as he left a mosque after evening prayers. Al-Shebab claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 5/9/15)

2016        Mar 14, Somali al Shabaab fighters seized a small port in the semi-autonomous Puntland region, the latest sign of a resurgence in activity by the Islamist militants in the Horn of Africa nation.
    (Reuters, 3/15/16)
2016        Nov 6, In Somalia a week-old ceasefire between the forces of the semi-autonomous regions of Galmudug and Puntland broke down as fighting over a disputed border area erupted again, killing at least 19 soldiers.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 19, Somalia's PM Omar Sharmarke said he had secured a ceasefire between two warring regions in the Horn of Africa nation, two weeks after a peace deal collapsed leading to fighting that killed at least 29 people. Sharmarke met Galmudug President Abdikarim Hussein Guled and Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali over the last week and witnessed a troop pull-back from the area where they clashed.
    (Reuters, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 28, Aid agencies said a second poor rainy season in Somalia has pushed livestock herders in the drought-hit Puntland region to trek an average of 60 km (40 miles) to fetch drinking water and called for rapid action to prevent renewed famine.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Dec 3, In northern Somalia soldiers in Puntland allied to the Western-backed government killed seven insurgents from a faction loyal to the Islamic State group. The Puntland forces were attacked in the village of Bashaashin.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 5, In northern Somalia soldiers allied to the Western-backed Somali government killed three fighters loyal to the Islamic State in Puntland as they pressed ahead toward the insurgents' main stronghold.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region Al Shabaab Islamist militants in Bosasso shot dead military prosecutor Abdikarim Hassan Firdiye.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)

2016        Dec, In Puntland six teenage boys forced the girls, aged 14 and 16, into a car and drove them close to the Ethiopian border where they stripped and raped them, taking photographs and video. Clan elders initially proposed that the perpetrators' families pay each of the girls' families 100 camels in compensation - an offer they rejected.
    (Reuters, 1/19/17)

2017        Mar 13, Pirates operating off the coast of Somalia hijacked the Aris 13 oil tanker, marking the first time since 2012 that a commercial vessel has been captured by Somali pirates. Eight Sri Lankan crew members were taken captive.
    (AP, 3/15/17)
2017        Mar 16, Somali pirates who seized an oil tanker opened fire on naval troops from the semiautonomous state of Puntland, sparking clashes between the two sides. The pirates were continuing to receive reinforcements while regional forces mobilizing nearby.
    (AP, 3/16/17)
2017        Mar 24, Puntland police said pirates have seized control of a Somali fishing boat to use as a base from which to attack larger ships.
    (Reuters, 3/24/17)
2017        Apr 8, Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region executed five people it said were Islamist militants responsible for killing three senior government officials last year.
    (Reuters, 4/8/17)
2017        Apr 23, In Somalia's semiautonomous state of Puntland a roadside bomb in the remote town of Galgala killed eight soldiers and injured three others.
    (AP, 4/23/17)
2017        May 23, The mayor of a Puntland town said Somali pirates hijacked an unlicensed Iranian fishing vessel to use as a base to attack bigger, more valuable ships, part of an upsurge in attacks following years of relative calm.
    (AP, 5/23/17)
2017        Jun 8, Officials said heavily armed al-Shabab extremists have stormed a military base in Somalia's semiautonomous state of Puntland, killing close to 70 people and wounding dozens more. Residents said civilians, including women, were beheaded during the rampage.
    (AP, 6/8/17)
2017        Sep 1, In Somalia's Puntland region an al Shabaab bomb attack killed 12 people, including five soldiers.
    (Reuters, 9/1/17)
2017        Oct 24, In Somalia's semi-autonomous region of Puntland a wheelbarrow exploded outside a police station in Bossaso, killing the lone man pushing it.
    (Reuters, 10/24/17)
2017        Dec 12, Puntland army Colonel Osman Abshir Omar, who also headed the region's bomb disposal unit, was killed after a roadside bomb he was defusing exploded.
    (Reuters, 12/12/17)
2018        May 24, Tensions in the unrecognized breakaway northern state of Somaliland and the semi-autonomous Somali state of Puntland erupted into violence around the border town of Tukaraq in Sool, a disputed desert region claimed by both sides. Troops from both camps were reported killed.
    (AFP, 5/26/18)
2018        Jun 1, Somalia's militant Islamist group al Shabaab retook Muqokori, a small town in the center of the country after it was abandoned by government troops. Shabaab militants also attacked a military base in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland the same day, killing several soldiers.
    (Reuters, 6/2/18)
2018        Jul 20, Somalia's Islamist militant group al Shabaab captured Af Urur, a small but strategic town 100 km (60 miles) south of Bosaso city in the semi-autonomous Puntland region. Puntland military forces had left the town a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 7/20/18)
2018        Aug 17, Military forces of Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region said they have retaken a strategic town from Islamic militant group al Shabaab.
    (Reuters, 8/17/18)

2019        Jan 8, Puntland, a region of war-ravaged Somalia, elected a new president, a peaceful transfer of power in a part of the country notorious for piracy and Islamist militias. Said Abdullahi Deni defeated his closest rival, Asad Osman Abdullahi and was sworn in for a new five-year term.
    (Reuters, 1/8/19)
2019        Feb 4, Somalia's Al-Shabaab militants shot dead Paul Anthony Formosa, the Maltese manager of the Bossaso port in semi-autonomous Puntland state, and detonated a car bomb in Mogadishu, killing at least nine people. Al-Shabab soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 2/4/19)(SFC, 2/5/19, p.A2)
2019        Apr 26, In Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region a US air strike killed three fighters from the Islamic State on the outskirts of Timirshe village.
    (AP, 4/27/19)
2019        May 8, In Puntland, a semi-autonomous region of Somalia, a US air strike killed 13 Islamic State fighters, days after another strike killed three.
    (Reuters, 5/10/19)

2020        May 8, In Somalia an unspecified number of people were killed when floods washed away an entire small town in the semi-autonomous Puntland region.
    (AP, 5/8/20)
2020        May 17, In Puntland, a semi-autonomous state Somalia, Ahmed Muse Nur, the governor of Mudug, was killed along with three of his bodyguards in a suicide car bombing that was claimed by Islamist group al Shabaab.
    (Reuters, 5/17/20)

2021        Jun 17, A doctor in Somalia's semi-autonomous region of Puntland said that between five and 10 of his Covid patients were dying because of a lack of oxygen almost every day. In Somalia up to 25 people were dying each day in one hospital because of a lack of oxygen.
    (BBC, 6/17/21)
2021        Jun 27, Somalia's semi-autonomous state of Puntland executed 21 men after they were convicted of being members of the Islamist militant group al-Shabab. As the executions were being carried out, al-Shabab fighters stormed the town of Wisil in the Mudug region. There are some reports that at least 20 soldiers were killed when an army base was attacked.
    (AP, 6/27/21)
2021        Sep 3, Somalia's semi-autonomous region of Puntland said it had sent forces to the neighboring region of Galmudug to help the military there push al Shabaab Islamist militants out of a strategic town they captured last month.
    (Reuters, 9/3/21)
2021        Dec 21, Fighting between elements of Somali pro-government forces killed at least seven people and injured 50 in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland.
    (Reuters, 12/22/21)

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