Timeline Pakistan B 2005-2010

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2006        Jan 1, A coalition of thousands of Islamic schools vowed to resist a Pakistani government plan to deport their foreign students, calling the proposal immoral.
    (AP, 1/1/06)

2006        Jan 5, Pakistan said it had taken all "appropriate action" to break up the underground nuclear network run by its former chief nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 7, Cross border firing at a Pakistani village near the Afghan border killed eight people in Saidgi village. Pakistan protested the incident to the US military.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 7, In Pakistan assailants armed with rockets and assault rifles attacked a newly built checkpoint near the Afghan border before dawn, killing all eight security forces.
    (AP, 1/7/06)
2006        Jan 7, In Pakistan some 50 survivors of the Oct 8 earthquake commandeered 2 UN relief helicopters to flee the disaster zone.
    (WSJ, 1/7/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 10, A battle between Pakistani security forces and suspected Islamic militants firing rockets and assault rifles left 21 dead in a tribal region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 1/10/06)

2006        Jan 11, Pakistani security forces killed 12 suspected militants in a gunfight following the deaths of 3 soldiers whose vehicle struck a land mine in the country's restive southwest.
    (AP, 1/11/06)

2006        Jan 13, A local lawmaker said a US airstrike on a Pakistani village near the border with Afghanistan killed at least 17 people, including women and children. The American military said it had no reports of an attack. The provincial government said at least four foreign terrorists died in the purported US airstrike aimed at al-Qaida's No. 2 leader in Damadola. The strike destroyed three houses and killed 18 people. The US missile strike in Pakistan killed a relative of al-Qaida's No. 2 leader Ayman al-Zawahri and a terror suspect.
    (AP, 1/17/06)(AP, 1/13/07)

2006        Jan 14, Pakistan condemned a purported CIA airstrike on a border village, and said it was protesting to the U.S. Embassy over the attack that killed at least 18 people.
    (AP, 1/14/06)(WSJ, 1/16/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 19, Pakistani security officials said Midhat Mursi al-Sayid Umar, an al-Qaida explosives and chemical weapons expert and a relative of the terror network's No. 2 leader, were among four top operatives believed killed in a US missile strike last week, as authorities arrested five more militant suspects.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 21, A helicopter used by the Red Cross for earthquake relief operations in Pakistan went missing with seven crew members on board. The wreckage of the copter and the bodies of the seven people on board were found in June 2006.
    (AP, 1/21/07)

2006        Jan 22, Thousands of angry Pakistanis protested against a US airstrike that killed civilians, chanting "Long live Osama bin Laden!" as anti-American rallies in the country entered their second week.
    (AP, 1/22/06)

2006        Jan 23, The US government cleared Pakistan from the threat of having its trade preferences withdrawn after the country took action to clamp down on copyright theft. The announcement coincided with a visit to Washington by Pakistani PM Shaukat Aziz, who told the US Chamber of Commerce that his government was serious about clamping down on copycat piracy.
    (AFP, 1/24/06)

2006        Jan 25, A minibus struck a land mine in southwestern Pakistan, killing six passengers and wounding five.
    (AP, 1/25/06)

2006        Jan 26, Under request from Pakistan Interpol said it has issued international notices seeking the arrest of former PM Benazir Bhutto and her husband on corruption charges. Both were currently visiting the US.
    (AP, 1/26/06)
2006        Jan 26, In southwestern Pakistan suspected tribal militants blew up a stretch of railway track, severing train links with rest of country.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 28, In Pakistan suspected tribal rebels have fired rockets at a major gas field, blasted a main power line and tried to blow up a rail track in the restive southwestern province of Baluchistan.
    (AFP, 1/28/06)

2006        Jan 29, A Pakistani express train with up to 600 passengers aboard derailed, killing at least three people and injuring as many as 40.
    (AP, 1/29/06)

2006        Jan 31, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to restart a second cross-border train service next month, the latest step in peace talks between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AP, 1/31/06)
2006        Jan 31, NATO ended its earthquake relief operation in Pakistan, the first big disaster mission involving ground troops outside an alliance country.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Feb 4, About 250 Afghan forces fought more than 200 rebels in the area's fiercest fighting in months. At least 19 people were killed in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/4/06)

2006        Feb 5, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb ripped through a passenger bus, killing at least 13 people and wounding 20 others.
    (AP, 2/5/06)

2006        Feb 9, In Pakistanís Northwest Frontier province a suspected suicide bombing and gunfire killed at least 29 minority Shiite Muslims and gunmen killed at least four more people in an attack on a bus in Hangu.
    (AP, 2/9/06)(SFC, 2/10/06, p.A3)

2006        Feb 10, In northwestern Pakistan Shiites and Sunnis battled each other with rockets and gunfire, raising the death toll of two days of Muslim sectarian violence to 38.
    (AP, 2/10/06)

2006        Feb 11, In Pakistan tribal insurgents killed three soldiers and injured 10 others in two attacks on paramilitary forces in southwestern Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, Suspected US military fire struck the tent of a nomad family on the Pakistan side of the rugged border with Afghanistan, killing two women and injuring at least four children.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2006        Feb 13, In northwestern Pakistan police fired tear gas and wielded batons to stop about 7,000 students protesting cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad from marching on the governor's residence.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Lahore gunmen on a motorcycle killed Ahmad Javed Khawaja (72), a Pakistani doctor who spent six months in jail on suspicions of harboring al-Qaida suspects and possessing illegal weapons.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2006        Feb 14, In Pakistan thousands of protesters rampaged through Islamabad and Lahore, storming into a diplomatic district and torching Western businesses and a provincial assembly in Pakistan's worst violence against the Prophet Muhammad drawings. At least two people were killed and 11 injured.
    (AP, 2/14/06)

2006        Feb 15, More than 70,000 people joined Pakistan's biggest protest yet against Prophet Muhammad cartoons, burning movie theaters, a KFC restaurant and a South Korean-run bus station. Three people died and dozens were injured in two cities.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Pakistan deported nearly 600 Afghans who had been jailed in the southern city of Karachi for up to six months on charges of illegal immigration.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Gunmen on a motorcycle killed three Chinese engineers and their Pakistani driver in a remote tribal region of southwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai pressed his Pakistani counterpart on to root out militants Afghanistan claims have launched a spate of recent cross-border suicide bombings.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

2006        Feb 16, In Karachi, Pakistan, some 40 thousand people shouting "God is Great!" marched and burned effigies of the Danish prime minister in the country's fourth day of protests over cartoons of Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/16/06)

2006        Feb 17, Pakistan security forces seized heavy weapons and munitions destined for Islamic militants in a northwestern tribal region near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, A Pakistani cleric announced a $1 million bounty for killing a cartoonist who drew Prophet Muhammad, as thousands joined street protests and Denmark temporarily closed its embassy and advised its citizens to leave the country.
    (AP, 2/17/06)

2006        Feb 18, India and Pakistan restored train service along a line that was severed during their war 40 years ago, establishing a second rail link between the two South Asian rivals.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2006        Feb 18, In southwestern Pakistan insurgents blew up four gas pipelines and two people were injured in landmine explosions in Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2006        Feb 19, Pakistani security forces arrested hundreds of Islamic hard-liners, virtually sealed off the capital and used gunfire and tear gas to quell protests against caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 19, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf arrived in China on a visit that analysts said would focus on anti-terrorism cooperation, trade and technological assistance.
    (AFP, 2/19/06)

2006        Feb 21, In Pakistan 11 Islamic militants were sentenced to death for an assassination attempt on a Pakistani army general that killed 10 people in 2004.
    (AP, 2/21/06)

2006        Feb 24, In Pakistan thousands of Muslims defied a ban on rallies in Islamabad, joining protesters across the country in condemning the Prophet Muhammad cartoons printed by some Western newspapers.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2006        Feb 26, In Pakistan about 25,000 people, some chanting "Death to America," rallied against the Prophet Muhammad caricatures in Karachi, but police prevented a rally in the eastern city of Lahore by arresting the religious ringleader and detaining scores of supporters. Assailants fired rockets at the home of a provincial Cabinet in Pakistan's restive southwestern Baluchistan province, killing a guest and wounding eight other people.
    (AP, 2/26/06)

2006        Feb 27, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb explosion on a railroad track derailed a passenger train shortly after it was attacked by gunmen.
    (AP, 2/27/06)

2006        Mar 1, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships struck a militant hide-out in a tribal region near the Afghan border, killing 45 fighters, including a Chechen commander linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 3/1/06)

2006        Mar 2, In Pakistan a suicide attacker rammed a car packed with explosives into a vehicle carrying an American diplomat in Karachi, killing the diplomat and three other people before President Bush's visit to Pakistan. Fifty-two people were wounded. An Uzbek national, arrested in Pakistan in July, told interrogators that Al-Qaeda had organized the suicide attack.
    (AP, 3/2/06)(AFP, 7/26/06)

2006        Mar 3, Thousands rallied across Pakistan against cartoons of Prophet Muhammad and a planned visit by President Bush as radical Islamic groups called a strike that shut shops and businesses in several major cities.
    (AP, 3/3/06)

2006        Mar 4, President Bush and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf recommitted their nations to the difficult task of hunting down terrorists still hiding here and across the globe. Police detained former cricket star Imran Khan and arrested dozens of his opposition party's supporters to block a rally against President Bush. Bush praised Pakistan's fight against terrorism as unfaltering but turned down an appeal for the same civilian nuclear help the US intends to give India.
    (AP, 3/4/06)(AP, 3/5/06)

2006        Mar 5, Hundreds of people lugging bags and bundles of clothes fled Miran Shah, a northwestern Pakistan, town after a battle between pro-Taliban tribesmen and security forces killed at least 51 people. The fighting came just days after the army attacked a suspected al-Qaida camp in the village of Saidgi near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/5/06)
2006        Mar 5, Tens of thousands of people massed in Pakistan and Turkey to protest cartoons of Islam's Prophet, Muhammad, that have fired anger throughout the Muslim world.
    (AP, 3/5/06)

2006        Mar 6, In comments aimed at Afghanistan's leader, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf said that the "bad-mouthing" of his country must stop and that Pakistani officials have caught terrorists "and will continue to do so."
    (AP, 3/6/06)
2006        Mar 6, Pakistani authorities clamped a curfew on a Miran Shah and negotiated with tribesmen to try to end three days of clashes that have left more than 120 pro-Taliban rebels dead. Thousands of residents joined an exodus out of the town.
    (AFP, 3/6/06)

2006        Mar 8, Train services linking Pakistan with neighboring Iran were suspended indefinitely following bombings and rocket attacks on the rail in southwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/8/06)

2006        Mar 10, In southwestern Pakistan a crowded bus carrying a wedding party hit an anti-tank mine in Baluchistan province, killing 28 people, mostly women and children.
    (AFP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 10, Pakistani soldiers backed by helicopter gunships attacked a suspected militant hideout near Miran Shah, the volatile tribal region near the Afghan border, and killed about 30 militants.
    (AP, 3/11/06)

2006        Mar 11, In Lahore, Pakistan, hundreds of kites filled the skies on the opening day of a traditional spring festival, despite a ban that followed the deaths of seven people killed by glass-coated or wire kite strings.
    (AP, 3/12/06)

2006        Mar 12, In northwestern Pakistan villagers found the bodies two tribesmen shot dead by suspected Islamic militants, with a note on one of the bodies warning that anyone who spied for the US would meet the same fate.
    (AP, 3/12/06)
2006        Mar 12, In Lahore, Pakistan, skies normally alive with colorful kites to mark a spring festival were largely empty after police arrested 1,400 people over three days to enforce a ban imposed because of a series of fatal accidents.
    (AP, 3/12/06)

2006        Mar 16, In southwestern Pakistan 7 homemade bombs toppled two high-power electricity transmission towers and disrupted power to thousands of homes for several hours.
    (AP, 3/16/06)

2006        Mar 19, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamic militants detonated a roadside bomb near a police van, killing seven people and wounding four others.
    (AP, 3/19/06)

2006        Mar 23, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf ordered all foreign militants to leave Pakistan or be killed. Pakistan protested the killing by Afghan soldiers of 14 people Pakistan claims were its citizens, the latest source of tension between the neighboring countries amid increasing violence along their rugged border.
    (AP, 3/23/06)

2006        Mar 24, India's PM invited Pakistan to join his country in a "treaty of peace, security and friendship" to end nearly six decades of tension between the nuclear-armed nations.
    (AP, 3/24/06)
2006        Mar 24, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships killed at least 15 suspected Taliban sympathizers in the latest flare-up of violence near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/24/06)

2006        Mar 25, In Pakistan police said they had arrested 57 renegade tribesmen over the last 24 hours in connection with recent bomb and rocket attacks that have killed several people in southwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/25/06)

2006        Mar 26, In southwest Pakistan rebel tribesmen set off a bomb near the home of a senior government official and launched a separate attack on a military post, triggering a gunbattle that left two attackers and a soldier dead.
    (AP, 3/26/06)

2006        Mar 27, Gunmen loyal to rival pro-Taliban clerics fought street battles in Pakistan's tribal belt bordering Afghanistan, leaving at least 25 people dead.
    (AFP, 3/28/06)

2006        Apr 1, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamic militants attacked a military base in a tribal region, killing one soldier and injuring four others.
    (AP, 4/2/06)

2006        Apr 2, In Pakistanís neighboring South Waziristan the bullet-riddled body of Maulana Zahir Shah, was found. The cleric was killed by suspected Islamic militants over suspicion he was a spy for the US and Britain. Ten people including five tribal police were killed and 13 injured in separate bomb blasts in the restive southwestern Pakistani province of Baluchistan.
    (AP, 4/2/06)(AFP, 4/2/06)

2006        Apr 3, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed five people riding a minibus and security forces shot dead two suspected militants in North Waziristan province.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 5, Pakistani security forces and suspected Islamic militants battled for a second day near the Afghan border, leaving four soldiers and 16 fighters dead.
    (AP, 4/5/06)

2006        Apr 9, In Pakistan provincial police chief Chaudhry Mohammad Yaqub said "The federal government has declared Baluchistan Liberation Army (BLA) as terrorist organization over its involvement in sabotage and subversive activities."
    (AFP, 4/9/06)
2006        Apr 9, In Pakistan at least 29 women and children were suffocated or crushed to death in a stampede at a religious gathering in southern Pakistan. More than 70 people were injured.
    (Reuters, 4/9/06)

2006        Apr 11, In Karachi, Pakistan, a bomb exploded during evening prayers at a park, killing at least 50 people and injuring over 100. The bombing killed the entire leadership of Sunni Tehreek, a moderate Muslim group.
    (SFC, 4/12/06, p.A13)(AP, 4/14/06)

2006        Apr 12, In Karachi, Pakistan, mobs of youths rioted for a second straight day to protest a suicide bombing that killed at least 56 people, which a top Pakistani official said was aimed at "eliminating" the leadership of a moderate Sunni Muslim group.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Pakistani army helicopters struck a militant hideout in northwestern Pakistan in an attempt to kill a wanted senior al-Qaida operative. Seven suspected militants and two children were believed killed. Mohsin Musa Matawalli Atwah (45), an Egyptian and al-Qaida member wanted for his suspected role in the bombings of US embassies in East Africa, was killed.
    (AP, 4/13/06)(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A15)

2006        Apr 14, Commercial life halted in several Pakistani cities in a strike called by an Islamic party to protest this week's suicide attack that killed its top leaders and some 50 others.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        Apr 15, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz began a two-day visit to Pakistan during which he is expected to discuss a possible arms deal.
    (AFP, 4/15/06)

2006        Apr 16, Suspected pro-Taliban militants beheaded two tribesmen in a remote part of Pakistan for allegedly working for US forces across the border in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 18, Noor Jehan, a 14-year-old Pakistani girl, was shot 5 times by male relatives over a rebuffed marriage proposal and left for dead on the outskirts of Karachi. She died at a hospital in Karachi on May 21.
    (AP, 5/22/06)

2006        Apr 20, Militants ambushed a convoy of Pakistani troops in a northwestern tribal region near the Afghan border, killing seven soldiers and wounding 22. A suspected foreign Islamic militant linked to al-Qaida and a security official were killed in a gunfight at a roadblock near Afghan border.
    (AP, 4/20/06)

2006        Apr 25, Pakistani attack helicopters pounded suspected Islamic militant hideouts near the Afghan border as clashes killed three militants and two soldiers. In northwestern Pakistan the body of Khan Mati, a taxi driver missing since April 17, was found. Suspected Islamic militants decapitated him over suspicions he was a US spy and a frequent visitor to an American military base in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/25/06)(AP, 4/26/06)

2006        Apr 30, In Pakistan an army spokesman said Mohammed Farooq, a senior Pakistani scientist suspected of helping leak nuclear weapons technology to Iran, Libya, and North Korea, has been released after two years in detention.
    (AP, 4/30/06)

2006        May 3, In New Delhi Muslim separatists met India's prime minister for fresh peace talks on the future of Kashmir. Hours before the talks were due to begin, four rebels and three security men died in gunbattles in Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/3/06)
2006        May 3, India and Pakistan agreed to launch a truck service and a second passenger bus route this summer linking the parts of Kashmir held by each country.
    (AP, 5/3/06)
2006        May 3, In Pakistan gunmen attacked a police post in a remote northwestern tribal region near the Afghan border, killing three policemen.
    (AP, 5/4/06)

2006        May 7, In Pakistan an 11-year-old boy was strangled by relatives who killed him rather than obey a tribal elders' order for them to marry one of their womenfolk to the child.
    (Reuters, 5/8/06)

2006        May 11, In southwestern Pakistan 5 bombs ripped through a firing range at a police training school, killing six members of an anti-terrorism unit and wounding nine.
    (AP, 5/11/06)

2006        May 13, In Saroki, Pakistan thousands of people gathered for the funeral of Amir Cheema (28), a Pakistani student found dead in a German jail while awaiting trial for an alleged assault over cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed. Cheema was found dead from suicide in his cell at the Moabit prison in Berlin on May 3.
    (AFP, 5/13/06)

2006        May 14, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamic militants stormed a roadside security post in a tribal region and shot dead an officer.
    (AP, 5/14/06)
2006        May 14, Officials said a searing heatwave in central Pakistan has killed at least 84 people with temperatures as high as 50 degrees Celsius (122 Fahrenheit) in the past week.
    (AFP, 5/14/06)
2006        May 14, Exiled former Pakistan prime ministers Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif met in London and agreed to a ďcharter of democracy" and to join in opposition to the rule of Pres. Musharraf.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.46)

2006        May 16, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamic militants ambushed a convoy of security forces, setting off a shootout that left at least 7 militants and one security official dead.
    (AP, 5/16/06)

2006        May 17, A powerful bomb blew up a gas pipeline in a remote town of southwestern Pakistan, killing a 7-year-old girl.
    (AP, 5/17/06)

2006        May 19, In Morocco the prime ministers of Morocco and Pakistan expressed hopes for closer bilateral ties, especially economically, after inking several agreements during a visit by Pakistan's Shaukat Aziz.
    (AP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 21, Pakistan and Iran officials met again in Islamabad to discuss a proposed 1,735-mile pipeline that would deliver Iranian gas to Pakistan and India.
    (AP, 5/21/06)

2006        May 23, Pakistani officials said at least 7 people have died and thousands of others have fallen sick after drinking contaminated water in Faisalabad, a city famous for its textile mills. The outbreak of gastroenteritis began May 14. The last two fatalities happened May 21.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2006        May 28, In northwestern Pakistan suspected militants shot dead tribal elder, Malik Takhti Khan, in a North Waziristan town while he was shopping at a weekly open-air market.
    (AP, 5/30/06)

2006        May 29, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamic militants fired at a car carrying Meherdil Khan Shamankhel, a pro-government tribal elder, killing him and wounding two other people in the vehicle.
    (AP, 5/30/06)

2006        Jun 1, In Pakistan officials said sewage contamination in Faisalabad's water system has caused an outbreak of gastroenteritis, sickening more than 19,000 people and killing nine. In southwestern Pakistan police raided a militant hideout and arrested Habib Ullah, a leader of the outlawed Lashkar-e-Jhangvi Sunni militant group, at a home in Quetta. He was the alleged mastermind of sectarian attacks that killed more than 100 Shiite Muslims in July, 2003, and March, 2004.
    (AP, 6/1/06)(AP, 6/2/06)

2006        Jun 2, In northwestern Pakistan 2 suicide attackers detonated an explosives-laden car amid a military convoy on a strategic road, killing four soldiers and wounding seven.
    (AP, 6/2/06)

2006        Jun 10, Pakistani security forces destroyed a militant hideout in a pre-dawn strike near the Afghan border, killing at least 15 suspected militants.
    (AP, 6/10/06)

2006        Jun 12, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb ripped through a roadside tea stall in Quetta, killing five people and wounding 17.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)

2006        Jun 13, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships destroyed a camp for suspected tribal militants in the insurgency-wracked southwestern part of the country, killing five suspects and capturing seven others near Dera Bugti.
    (AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Jun 16, Hayatullah Khan, a Pakistani journalist who reported on a US airstrike that killed an al-Qaida operative, was found shot to death in a remote tribal region six months after vanishing.
    (AP, 6/16/06)

2006        Jun 18, Pakistani troops battling an insurgent attack on a military post killed two suspected militants in a northwestern tribal region.
    (AP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 19, In Pakistan militants in South Waziristan shot dead Nazimuddin Gangikhel, a senior Pakistani tribesman with close ties to the US-backed Afghan government.
    (AP, 6/19/06)

2006        Jun 20, Pakistani authorities negotiated a temporary truce after at least 14 people died and 35 were wounded in a gunbattle near Parachinar between two tribes over access to water.
    (AP, 6/20/06)
2006        Jun 20, A second bus service rolled between the Indian and Pakistani zones of disputed Kashmir, a move hailed as a boost for the peace process between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AP, 6/20/06)

2006        Jun 21, In Karachi, Pakistan, police arrested Usman Kurd, a Sunni Muslim extremist, allegedly behind multiple attacks that killed more than 150 people, mainly Shiite Muslims, in southwestern Pakistan since 1999. 3 Pakistani soldiers were killed and 3 wounded when a bomb exploded near a military convoy in the restive tribal belt bordering Afghanistan. The attack came hours after a Pakistani military helicopter crashed into a dam shortly after take-off from Bannu, leaving one soldier dead and three missing.
    (AP, 6/21/06)(AFP, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 26, In tribal-dominated northwestern Pakistan a suicide car bomber attacked a military checkpoint, killing six soldiers and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 6/26/06)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.40)

2006        Jun 28, Pakistani authorities released 50 detained tribesmen in a goodwill gesture in the northern tribal region. The releases came amid efforts to end four years of violence between pro-Taliban militants and the Pakistani military in the North and South Waziristan regions.
    (AP, 6/29/06)

2006        Jun 29, Four Pakistani men were hanged for gang-raping a Christian woman at gunpoint during a 1999 robbery.
    (AP, 6/29/06)
2006        Jun 29, The US State Department said it had notified the Congress of plans to sell F-16 fighter jets to Pakistan in a multibillion-dollar deal with Lockheed Martin Corp.
    (Reuters, 6/29/06)

2006        Jun 30, At least eight suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into India's portion of disputed Kashmir from the Pakistani side were killed during a gunbattle. Federal security forces shot dead music composer Inayatullah Bhat (31) near his home in Srinagar. The next day at least two dozen people were hurt as thousands of protesters hurled bricks and stones in a violent demonstration over his killing.
    (AP, 6/30/06)(AFP, 7/1/06)

2006        Apr, Anwar Kamal Marwat, a PML-Nawaz politician in Peshawar, Pakistan, led 4,000 tribesmen in an attack on a neighboring Pushtun tribe and killed 80 people. They incurred a fine of $60,000.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, Survey p.7)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.36)

2006        Jul 3, In northwestern Pakistan an explosion hit a bus carrying paramilitary troops, killing at least 6 soldiers and wounding 5 others.
    (AP, 7/3/06)

2006        Jul 5, In southwestern Pakistan security forces backed by helicopter gunships targeted hideouts of tribal militants accused of blowing up gas pipelines and attacking officials, killing 25 suspects in a 2-day operation.
    (AP, 7/5/06)

2006        Jul 7, Pakistan's president amended a controversial Islamic law so that women facing charges for adultery and other minor crimes can be released on bail. The much-awaited amendment by President Gen. Pervez Musharraf to the Hudood Ordinances allowed the release of 1,300 female prisoners.
    (AP, 7/7/06)(SSFC, 7/9/06, p.A18)

2006        Jul 10, In eastern Pakistan a Fokker F-27 twin-engine aircraft operated by Pakistan International Airlines slammed into a wheat field and burst into flames minutes after takeoff. All 45 people on board were killed.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(AP, 7/28/10)

2006        Jul 11, In northwestern Pakistan torrential rains triggered flooding that washed away homes in a village, killing 13 people and injuring about 300.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 14, In Karachi, Pakistan, a suicide bomber killed a prominent Shiite Muslim cleric and two other people in an attack that was likely to heighten sectarian tensions. About 80% of Pakistan's 150 million people are Sunni; most of the rest are Shiite.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, India's PM Singh said the Bombay train bombers were "supported by elements across the border" and that Pakistan must rein in terrorists before a peace process can move ahead.
    (AP, 7/14/06)

2006        Jul 15, In Karachi, Pakistan, hundreds of youths set fire to a Pizza Hut, two gas stations and a dozen vehicles after a funeral for an Islamic Shiite cleric killed in a suicide attack.
    (AP, 7/15/06)

2006        Jul 18, Pakistan welcomed a move by Britain to ban one of the major rebel groups, the Baluchistan Liberation Army. Islamabad outlawed the group in April. In eastern Pakistan 3 men convicted of gang-raping a woman during a robbery in 2000 were hanged after President Musharraf rejected their plea for mercy.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(AFP, 7/21/06)

2006        Jul 19, Pakistani police mounted more raids to catch suspected Taliban fighters living in Baluchistan province. Police said more than 200 Afghans have been arrested in the last 3 days.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Jul 20, In southwest Pakistan 300 tribal militants surrendered to authorities, where President Pervez Musharraf says an insurgency is dying down. In a search near the former rebel stronghold of Dera Bugti, troops seized 10 surface-to-air missiles, 195 anti-personnel and anti-tank mines, 270 hand grenades, 205 rockets and 201 mortar shells.
    (AFP, 7/21/06)

2006        Jul 21, India urged Pakistan to hand over a top Kashmiri militant as a gesture of its determination to fight terrorism.
    (Reuters, 7/21/06)

2006        Jul 28, In Quetta, Pakistan, a bomb believed rigged to a motorcycle exploded outside a bank and wounded 21 people, one critically.
    (AP, 7/28/06)

2006        Jul, In Pakistan some 7% of Sindh province landowners hold over 40% of the Sindhís land.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, Survey p.12)

2006        Aug 3, Pakistani Interior Minister Aftab Sherpao and US envoy Ryan Crocker signed a memorandum of understanding for $2.7 million in security and communications gear and to help build more posts on the Afghan frontier.
    (AFP, 8/3/06)

2006        Aug 4, In northern Pakistan monsoon rains triggered fresh landslides and floods, as officials and reports said 37 people had died over the last 4 days in weather-related incidents.
    (AP, 8/4/06)

2006        Aug 5, In northwestern Pakistan a bridge collapsed amid heavy rains, killing at least 23 people.
    (AP, 8/5/06)

2006        Aug 7, In northwestern Pakistan a discarded ordnance shell exploded in a tribal village, killing three young brothers who were playing with the explosive.
    (AP, 8/7/06)

2006        Aug 11, British officials identified 19 of the suspects accused of planning to blow up US-bound aircraft in the biggest terrorist plot to be uncovered since 9/11, while investigators probed their movements, background and finances. In addition, five Pakistanis have been arrested in Pakistan as suspected "facilitators" of the plot, as well as two Britons arrested there about a week ago. A Pakistani intelligence official said 10 Pakistanis were arrested in Bhawalpur district, 300 miles southwest of Islamabad, in connection with the terror plot in Britain.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(AP, 8/12/06)

2006        Aug 12, Rashid Rauf and Tayib Rauf (22), brothers arrested in Pakistan and England, emerged as key figures in the suspected plot to destroy US-bound aircraft during flight. Prominent Muslims in Britain accused the government of encouraging extremism through its foreign policy. In 2007 a court in Rawalpindi ordered the release of Rashid Rauf, a British Muslim of Pakistani origin, after the prosecution withdrew the case against him.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(WSJ, 8/12/06, p.A1)(AP, 11/16/07)

2006        Aug 15, Pakistani forces arrested 29 suspected Taliban militants in a raid on a private hospital after they came from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/15/06)

2006        Aug 23, The Afghan and Pakistani armies agreed to conduct coordinated and simultaneous patrols with the US alongside their volatile border. The accord was reached during the 17th meeting of Tripartite Commission. In southern Afghanistan 18 Taliban rebels and an Afghan soldier were killed in a clash that erupted after the militants attacked an army post in Zabul province.
    (AP, 8/23/06)(AFP, 8/23/06)

2006        Aug 26, In Pakistan government forces killed Nawab Akbar Bugti (79), the most prominent leader in the rebellion by Baluch tribesmen, in a raid on his cave hideout in the mountainous area of the southwestern provinces of Baluchistan. A top security official said at least 16 security forces, including four officers, were killed.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Aug 27, Hundreds of rioters angered by the killing of a rebel Baluch tribal leader rampaged through Quetta in southwestern Pakistan, burning shops, banks and police vehicles. Police arrested 450 rioters who rampaged overnight.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Aug 28, In Quetta, Pakistan, mobs burned shops, banks and buses in a second day of rioting over the killing of a top tribal chief by Pakistani troops, raising fears that a decades-old conflict in the country's volatile southwest could widen.
    (AP, 8/28/06)

2006        Aug 29, In Quetta, Pakistan, gunfire and rioting broke out for a fourth straight day after the funeral service for a prominent tribal chief killed by Pakistani government forces. One policeman was killed and dozens of shops destroyed. Three factory workers were killed in a restaurant bombing in the Baluchistan town of Hub.
    (AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Aug 30, In southwestern Pakistan protesters angry over the killing of a rebel tribal chief blocked highways in Quetta, preventing workers from reaching the provincial capital and forcing most shops to close. In northwestern Pakistan militants decapitated an Islamic cleric and an Afghan refugee accused of spying for US and Afghan authorities.
    (AP, 8/30/06)

2006        Sep 1, A strike paralyzed Pakistan's restive Baluchistan province after the controversial burial of a top rebel leader whose killing sparked days of deadly rioting. Partial strikes also hit southern Sindh and central Punjab provinces.
    (AFP, 9/1/06)

2006        Sep 3, In Pakistan Abdul Rahim Muslim Dost and his brother, Badruz Zaman Badar Dost, published ďThe Broken Shackles of Guantanamo," an account of their 3 years in detention at the US prison. On Sep 29 Abdul was jailed by the Pakistani intelligence service in apparent response to criticism of the agencyís role in the US-led war on terrorism.
    (SFC, 12/28/06, p.A17)
2006        Sep 3, A bomb damaged a gas pipeline in southwestern Pakistan, cutting supplies to thousands of homes in the region.
    (AP, 9/3/06)

2006        Sep 5, Pakistan's government and pro-Taliban militants signed an agreement in Miran Shah to ensure "permanent peace" in a tribal region bordering Afghanistan, seeking to end five years of violent unrest in the area. Under the truce the Pakistan army pulled back to barracks tens of thousands of troops that had been involved in bloody operations against suspected Taliban and al-Qaida hideouts, and militants agreed to halt attacks in Pakistan and over the border against foreign troops in Afghanistan. Tribal elders were supposed to police the deal. The truce ended in July 2007. Lawmakers from a coalition of six Islamic groups threatened to vacate their parliamentary seats if the government changes a rape law criticized by human rights activists.
    (AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 7/16/07)

2006        Sep 6, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf held talks on counterterrorism in Kabul.  In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed and six others wounded after their patrol strayed into an unmarked minefield.
    (AP, 9/6/06)

2006        Sep 8, In Pakistan a bomb killed at least five people in restive Baluchistan province. 21 other people were wounded in the explosion near a bus station in the town of Barkhan.
    (AP, 9/8/06)

2006        Sep 10, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb explosion outside a roadside restaurant wounded 14 people in Quetta. In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamic militants killed a tribal elder.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(AP, 9/11/06)

2006        Sep 11, Pakistan's government agreed to a compromise deal with hardline Islamic lawmakers over proposed changes to a law that has long made punishing rapists almost impossible in the country. Senator S.M. Zafar said the government had agreed to compromise by letting rape victims choose between prosecuting suspects under the four-witness rule, the 1979 Hudood Ordinance,  or under Pakistan's civil penal code.
    (AP, 9/11/06)

2006        Sep 13, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, while opening a road linking to Pakistan, said Pakistan and Afghanistan must unite to save their people from the menace of terrorism.  Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed as many as 30 Taliban in raids on three villages in Ghazni province. In southern Helmand province police killed 16 Taliban in a mountainous area outside the town of Garmser. NATO announced that suicide bombings have killed 173 people in Afghanistan this year. 151 of the year's suicide attack victims were Afghan civilians, including children.
    (AP, 9/13/06)(AFP, 9/13/06)

2006        Sep 16, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf and Indian PM Manmohan Singh held "historic" talks on the disputed Kashmir region, on the sidelines of a developing-world summit in Havana. They also agreed to restart peace talks suspended since train bombings killed more than 200 people in Mumbai in July.
    (AFP, 9/16/06)(AP, 9/16/06)

2006        Sep 22, US President George W. Bush and Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf met at the White House for key anti-terror talks jarred by his public critiques of US strategy. Musharraf used the pretext of his upcoming book to dodge questions regarding US threats to bomb Pakistan in the days following the 9/11 attacks in 2001.
    (AP, 9/22/06)(SFC, 9/23/06, p.A3)

2006        Sep 23, In Pakistan at least 8 people were killed and 55 injured when a bus collided with another on the main highway near the Islamabad. According to official statistics Pakistan has the world's third highest death rate from road accidents.
    (AFP, 9/23/06)
2006        Sep 23, Indian security officials in the western desert state of Rajasthan shot dead three suspected militants who were trying to cross over from Pakistan.
    (AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 25, Pakistan's President Pervez Musharrafís memoir ďIn the Line of Fire," was published. He noted that the CIA has paid Pakistan millions for catching al-Qaida fighters.
    (SFC, 9/23/06, p.A3)(SFC, 9/26/06, p.A3)

2006        Sep 27, In northwestern Pakistan drive-by gunmen killed two militants and wounded three in another car. The militants who came under attack were believed to be loyal to a pro-Taliban tribesman known only as Hanan, who had started a campaign to oust Uzbek militants living in the Shakai mountain valley region north of Wana.
    (AP, 9/27/06)
2006        Sep 27, President Bush hosted a peacemaking dinner at the White House for the bickering leaders of Pakistan and Afghanistan, Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Hamid Karzai.
    (WSJ, 9/28/06, p.A1)(AP, 9/27/07)

2006        Sep 28, A leaked UK Ministry of Defense (MoD) paper said Pakistan's intelligence service, ISI, indirectly backs terrorism by supporting religious parties in the country.

2006        Sep 29, A new report by Amnesty International alleged that Pakistani authorities have illegally detained innocent people on suspicion of terrorism and secretly imprisoned them or handed them to the US for money.
    (AP, 9/29/06)

2006        Sep 30, Pakistan and United States signed a letter of acceptance for a multi-billion dollar package to supply the Pakistan Air Force with F-16 warplanes.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Sep 30, President Hamid Karzai said that he and the Pakistani president will jointly lead a series of tribal gatherings along their countries' shared border to quell attacks on Afghanistan by Pakistan-based Taliban rebels. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in a busy pedestrian alley next to the Interior Ministry in Kabul, killing at least 12 people and wounding more than 40.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2006        Sep 30, A.N. Roy, Mumbai's police chief, said his team had cracked the July 11 bombing case and found solid evidence as that ďthe whole attack was planned by Pakistan's ISI and carried out by Lashkar-e-Taiba and their operatives in India." ISI or the Inter-Services Intelligence agency is Pakistan's military spy agency while Lashkar is a frontline Islamist group fighting against Indian rule in the disputed region of Kashmir. Pakistan and Lashkar rejected the allegations.
    (Reuters, 9/30/06)

2006        Sep, In Pakistan scores of wives, mothers and children began protesting outside government offices on behalf of hundreds of men arrested in secret and demanded that Pres. Musharraf release them.
    (SFC, 12/28/06, p.A17)

2006        Oct 1, Pakistani police arrested six Afghan Taliban fighters at a private hospital in Pakistan's southwestern city of Quetta.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, India said it will give Islamabad evidence that Pakistan's spy agency planned the Mumbai train bombings in July which killed more than 200 people.
    (AP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 4, Afghanistan's intelligence agency said security agents have arrested 17 people allegedly trained in Pakistan who they believe planned to launch suicide attacks in three Afghan provinces.
    (AP, 10/4/06)

2006        Oct 5, In northwestern Pakistan a gunbattle between rival Sunni and Shiite Muslims left at least 13 people dead and seven wounded in a remote tribal area.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2006        Oct 6, In southwestern Pakistan police acting on a tip raided several militant hide-outs in Quetta and arrested 48 suspected Taliban who had arrived in small groups from Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/7/06)

2006        Oct 8, In Pakistan on the first anniversary of the earthquake that killed 73,000 people, the US ambassador said the US will train 30,000 teachers and build 50 schools in quake affected areas of Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 13, Pakistanís Interior Minister Aftab Sherpao said security forces had arrested 8 militants with suspected links to Al-Qaeda for an attempted rocket blitz in and around Islamabad. Authorities also seized rockets, grenades, explosives and hundreds of sniper rifle rounds in the arrests at undisclosed locations.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)

2006        Oct 16, Eight Pakistanis released from US detention facilities in Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, returned home.
    (AP, 10/16/06)

2006        Oct 20, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb left in a fruit cart struck a crowded market, killing at least seven people and wounding dozens in Peshawar.
    (AP, 10/20/06)

2006        Oct 27, Ghulam Ishaq Khan (91), who became Pakistan's president in 1988 after the death of his predecessor in a plane crash, died following a bout of pneumonia.
    (AP, 10/27/06)

2006        Oct 28, In Pakistan some 5,000 pro-Taliban tribesmen held an anti-America rally in a remote tribal region near the Afghan border, vowing to keep waging a holy war against "infidels."
    (AP, 10/28/06)

2006        Oct 29, In eastern Pakistan a passenger bus collided with a tanker truck carrying oil, killing 22 people and injuring 23.
    (AP, 10/29/06)

2006        Oct 30, Pakistani troops backed by helicopters raided a religious school purportedly being used as an al-Qaida training center, killing 80 people in the country's deadliest strike ever against suspected Islamic militants. The attack happened about two miles from the Bajur tribal town of Damadola.
    (AP, 10/30/06)

2006        Oct 31, In Pakistan an appeals court overturned the convictions of four terror suspects in a 2002 car bombing outside the US Consulate in Karachi that killed 14 Pakistanis. Some 15,000 bearded men wearing turbans burned effigies of US President George W. Bush and shouted "Death to Musharraf" in the troubled Bajaur tribal region, which borders Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 3 NATO soldiers. A suicide bombing in southern Ghazni province's Taliban-dominated Ander district killed one policeman. Polio cases were reported to be on the rise along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)(WSJ, 11/1/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct, Iftikhar Chaudhry, Pakistan's chief justice, decided to take up the cases of some 400 men who had disappeared since 2001 at the hands of the military and intelligence services. On March 9, 2007, Pres. Musharraf replaced him on the grounds of ďmisuse of authority."
    (SFC, 7/19/07, p.A12)

2006        Nov 2, In the southwestern Pakistani city of Quetta a car bomb exploded near the police chief's headquarters, killing two policemen and wounding four other people.
    (AP, 11/2/06)

2006        Nov 3, In northwestern Pakistan thousands of tribesmen protested a Pakistani airstrike that killed 80 people at an Islamic school. The seminary was run by fugitive cleric Liaquat Hussain, whom officials said was an associate of al-Qaida's No. 2 leader Ayman al-Zawahri. Hussain was killed in the airstrike. A strike closed shops and halted public transport in Khar, the Bajur tribal region's main town.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 5, Pakistan, under international pressure to stop militants from crossing over its border with Afghanistan, said it was willing to fence off the frontier.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2006        Nov 8, A suicide attack at Pakistan's main army training base killed at least 42 soldiers. Suspicion fell on pro-Taliban militants who had vowed revenge for a deadly helicopter attack on an Islamic school last month.
    (AP, 11/8/06)

2006        Nov 9, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir 5 high-school students who mistook a bomblet for a toy were fatally wounded when the explosive went off as they played with it in a field.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 10, In Pakistan a roadside bomb hit a vehicle carrying a prominent pro-government tribal elder in a volatile region near the Afghan border, killing him and eight other people.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 13, Lawmakers from an Islamic coalition ruling Pakistan's deeply conservative northwest approved a law to set up a Taliban-style department to suppress vice.
    (AP, 11/13/06)

2006        Nov 14, Nuclear-armed India and Pakistan resumed peace talks with alleged Pakistan-sponsored terrorism high on the agenda as a car bomb exploded in revolt-hit Indian Kashmir, injuring 16 people.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 15, Pakistani lawmakers approved a women's rights bill amending harsh Islamic laws on rape and adultery, despite fierce opposition from hardliners who said the change would promote "free sex."
2006        Nov 15, Pakistan's foreign secretary said India and Pakistan have agreed on measures to combat terrorism and prevent an accidental nuclear conflict in South Asia at the first peace talks since a terrorist attack on Mumbai's train network in July.
    (AP, 11/15/06)

2006        Nov 16, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf commuted a British man's death sentence, officials said, paving the way towards his likely release after 18 years awaiting the hangman's noose. Mirza Tahir Hussain will instead be given a life sentence for the 1988 murder of a taxi driver, meaning the 36-year-old could be eligible to go free because of the time he has already served in prison. Hussain was freed the next day and left Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/17/06)

2006        Nov 17, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber wounded two policemen in the latest attack targeting security forces.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 18, British PM Tony Blair arrived in Pakistan for talks with President Pervez Musharraf on how to defeat a resurgent Taliban, pool counter-terrorist intelligence and tackle militancy in Pakistan's religious schools.
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 19, In Pakistan the decapitated body of Maulana Hashim Khan (45) was found. Militants had beheaded the Islamic school teacher, accusing him of spying for the US in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, British PM Tony Blair acknowledged the West had changed strategy in the fight against terrorism, telling Pakistan's president that brokering a broad Mideast peace deal was now as crucial as using force to battle militants.
    (AP, 11/19/06)

2006        Nov 21, In Quetta, Pakistan, police arrested 39 Afghans suspected of being Taliban fighters. An Islamist group insisted the detainees were only students.
    (AP, 11/21/06)

2006        Nov 23, Pakistan's Senate approved a controversial bill to help rape victims, despite vehement protests by hard-line Muslim lawmakers who claim the legislation violates Islamic law. The bill is now set to go before President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, who is expected to sign it.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Chinese President Hu Jintao received a red carpet welcome to Pakistan on a trip aimed at expanding economic ties with Beijing's longtime ally, including signing a free trade agreement between the two countries.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 24, China signed a five-year free trade pact with Pakistan, promised to continue joint development of nuclear energy, and pledged to play a "constructive" role in resolving disputes between Pakistan and neighboring rival India.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Police said Pakistan has handed over 240 suspected Taliban fighters to Afghan authorities this week as a hunt for the Islamist militants continues in the country's southwest.
    (Reuters, 11/24/06)

2006        Nov 26, In eastern Pakistan a passenger van veered off the road and plunged into a canal, killing 10 people.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2006        Dec 1, Pakistanís President Gen. Pervez Musharraf signed into law an amendment to the country's controversial rape statute to make it easier to prosecute sexual assault cases. In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber struck outside a military facility in Peshawar, killing himself but causing no other casualties.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 4, In Pakistan at least eight people were killed in torrential rains and flooding, which blocked roads and caused widespread disruption in several cities.
    (AFP, 12/4/06)

2006        Dec 5, Pakistan President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said he is willing to give up its claim to all of Kashmir if India agrees that the disputed Himalayan region should become self-governing and largely autonomous. Troops shot dead three Islamic militants in Indian Kashmir, while 19 civilians were injured and a guerrilla was killed in a grenade blast.
    (AP, 12/5/06)(AFP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 14, In Pakistan government critics alleged that Pakistan was providing sanctuary to Taliban militants and had a policy to project Pakistan's power inside Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/15/06)

2006        Dec 15, In Pakistan a man was killed and 10 others injured in riots that sparked during a strike by public transport operators in Karachi.
    (AFP, 12/15/06)

2006        Dec 16, A fire erupted in a wedding tent in eastern Pakistan, triggering a stampede and the collapse of a wall that killed 27 women and children.
    (AP, 12/17/06)

2006        Dec 19, In southwestern Pakistan a former anti-government tribal chief was killed and six other men were wounded in a land mine explosion.
    (AP, 12/19/06)

2006        Dec 22, India and Pakistan started a two-day swap of detained illegal fishermen and immigrants including children as part of attempts to improve ties between the nuclear rivals.
    (AFP, 12/22/06)

2006        Dec 26, Pakistan said it would fence and mine parts of its border with Afghanistan to try to stop Taliban rebels crossing to wage their growing rebellion.
    (AP, 12/26/06)

2006        Dec 29, In Pakistan more than 30,000 people were crowded into two camps, one for Bugti tribesmen, the other for Marri tribesmen, in desert terrain at Murid Bugti, about 160 miles east of the Baluchistan capital, Quetta. Over the past three months, at least 61 Marri refugees, most of them children, died because of the effects of malnutrition, weather and other hardships. Camp residents said at least 15 Bugti refugees also died.
    (AP, 12/29/06)

2006        Dec 30, At least 14 people were killed and seven injured when a bus collided with an oil tanker amid heavy morning fog in central Pakistan.
    (AFP, 12/31/06)

2006        Gordon Corera authored ďShopping for Bombs: Nuclear Proliferation, Global Insecurity and the Rise and Fall of the A.Q. Khan Network."
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.75)
2006        Some 15 million Pushtuns lived in Afghanistan, making up about 50% of the population. Another 28 million lived in Pakistan, mostly in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP), and they represented about 15% of Pakistanís population.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.36)

2007        Jan 4, Authorities lifted a ban on kite-flying in Pakistanís Punjab province after the sport was forbidden last year following a series of deaths caused by glass-coated or metal reinforced kite strings. The ban was lifted ahead of Basant, Feb 25, an annual festival that heralds spring.
    (AP, 1/4/07)

2007        Jan 5, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir a landslide triggered by recent heavy rains swamped a minibus and a car on a narrow mountainous road, killing 15 people and injuring three others.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 9, More than 100 Indian fishermen left for home after Pakistan set them free in a goodwill gesture to its longtime rival.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

2007        Jan 11, NATO forces overnight fought two large groups of suspected Taliban militants crossing the border from Pakistan, and scores of insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

2007        Jan 13, Pranab Mukherjee, Indiaís foreign minister, visited Islamabad to discuss Sir Creek and other disputes. 2 days later Indian and Pakistani surveyors began mapping the creek in preparation for settling their maritime border there.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.52)

2007        Jan 14, Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton ate breakfast with soldiers from New York and Indiana at the main US base in Afghanistan before meeting with the top American general in Afghanistan and Afghan President Hamid Karzai. After leaving Kabul, Clinton went to Lahore, Pakistan, where she met with the Pakistani president, Gen. Pervez Musharraf. A suicide bomber blew himself up near a convoy of foreign construction workers and Afghan soldiers in southern Afghanistan, wounding one civilian.
    (AP, 1/14/07)

2007        Jan 15, Some 2,000 ethnic Pashtun tribesmen rallied in this Pakistani border town near Afghanistan to condemn the Pakistani government for new border control measures.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Jan 16, Pakistan's army destroyed suspected al-Qaida hideouts in an airstrike near the Afghan border, killing 10 people. A resident said the slain men were Afghan laborers.
    (AP, 1/16/07)

2007        Jan 19, Pakistan's president discussed the "deteriorating situation" in the Middle East with his Iranian counterpart ahead of his tour of the region.
    (AP, 1/20/07)

2007        Jan 22, Pakistan's military lodged a protest saying US-led forces in Afghanistan mistakenly fired at a Pakistani border post and killed a soldier. A suicide car bomber attacked a military convoy in northwestern Pakistan, killing himself and at least four soldiers.
    (AP, 1/22/07)

2007        Jan 25, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb exploded in the shopping district of Hangu, killing at least two passers-by and wounding four other people.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Jan 26, A Pakistani security guard died when he blocked a suicide bomber outside the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad. At least seven other people were wounded.
    (AP, 1/26/07)(WSJ, 1/27/07, p.A1)

2007        Jan 27, Nancy Pelosi, the speaker of the US House of Representatives, held talks with Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf focusing on the fight against terror. A bomb went off near a Shiite Muslim mosque in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar, killing 15 people and wounding 35.
    (AFP, 1/27/07)(AP, 1/28/07)

2007        Jan 28, In southern Pakistan dozens of people sitting on the roof of a crowded passenger train were by hit by an overhead power line. At least 15 people were killed and 40 were injured.
    (AP, 1/28/07)

2007        Jan 29, In northwestern Pakistan 2 rockets exploded near a Shiite Muslim mosque in the city of Bannu, wounding 11 people, two seriously. A suicide bomber killed a police officer protecting a Shiite Muslim procession. In eastern Pakistan 2 brothers beat to death their sister and her lover with bricks for bringing shame upon the family with their out-of-wedlock affair. The woman had lived with her brothers in the village of Donga Bonga, Punjab province.
    (AP, 1/29/07)(AP, 1/30/07)(AP, 2/1/07)

2007        Jan 30, Pakistan's PM Musharraf appealed to the European Union to help repatriate some 3 million Afghan refugees, a move he said would help clear his country of militants blamed for attacks in border regions. A rocket or a grenade exploded at a Shiite procession, sparking violence in Hangu in which two Sunni Muslims were fatally shot and 13 other people were wounded, many of them policemen.
    (AP, 1/30/07)(AP, 1/31/07)

2007        Jan 31, In a northwestern Pakistan a mortar round struck a home in Hangu, killing two men and wounding another amid sectarian tensions.
    (AP, 1/31/07)

2007        Feb 2, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said Pakistan will erect fencing to reinforce parts of its porous mountain border with Afghanistan, acknowledging for the first time that some outgunned Pakistani frontier guards have allowed militants to cross. The United States handed over eight Cobra attack helicopters to Pakistan, which is under growing pressure to stop Taliban guerrillas crossing into Afghanistan to fight NATO forces.   
    (AP, 2/2/07)(Reuters, 2/2/07)

2007        Feb 3, In northwest Pakistan a suspected Islamic militant rammed his explosive-laden car into a Pakistan army convoy near Tank, killing two soldiers and wounding six others.
    (AP, 2/3/07)

2007        Feb 4, In eastern Pakistan a passenger train crushed to death a group of six young boys as they played on a railway track.
    (AP, 2/4/07)

2007        Feb 6, In Pakistan a suicide attacker detonated a bomb in a parking area at the international airport in Rawalpindi, which serves Pakistan's capital, wounding at least two police and killing himself.
    (AP, 2/6/07)

2007        Feb 12, Helmand Governor Asadullah Wafa said at least 700 Taliban fighters have crossed from Pakistan into Afghanistan to reinforce guerrillas attacking the key Kajaki dam, a major source of electricity and irrigation. Several Taliban fighters were killed in an attack targeting a senior guerrilla leader.
    (Reuters, 2/12/07)

2007        Feb 13, Pakistan's ruling party introduced a bill to outlaw forced marriages, including under an ancient tribal custom in which women are married off in order to settle feuds.
    (AP, 2/13/07)

2007        Feb 16, Abdul Ghani, a Pakistani health official in charge of a campaign to inoculate children against polio, was killed in a bomb blast following rumors the vaccination was a US plot to sterilize them. Police in southern Pakistan announced they had arrested five suspected militants from the southern city of Karachi and Rawalpindi, a garrison city near Islamabad, and that the suspects were planning suicide attacks on foreigners and minority Shiite Muslims. Police also arrested three Islamic militants who were planning suicide attacks to take place at forthcoming Shiite Muslim gatherings in Sindh province.
    (AFP, 2/16/07)(AP, 2/17/07)

2007        Feb 17, In southwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 15 people, including a judge, after blowing himself up inside a courtroom in Quetta.
    (AP, 2/17/07)

2007        Feb 18-2007 Feb 19, In northern India 2 bombs exploded on a train headed from India to Pakistan, sparking a fire that swept through two coaches and killed at least 68 people. Most of the dead were Pakistani. Officials said the attack was aimed at undermining the peace process between the rivals.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.47)

2007        Feb 19, In Pakistan suspected Islamic militants killed an Afghan refugee they accused of spying for the US and dumped his beheaded body by a road in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 2/20/07)

2007        Feb 20, Pakistani authorities shut down a zoo in Islamabad and slaughtered dozens of birds after the deadly H5N1 flu virus was found in peacocks and geese. This marked the fourth case of the virus detected in Pakistan this month.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, Mohammad Sarwar, a suspected Islamist zealot, shot dead Zil-e-Huma (37), social welfare minister of the Punjab government, because he believed women should not be in politics. Sarwar was immediately arrested.
    (Reuters, 2/20/07)

2007        Feb 21, India and Pakistan signed a deal to reduce the risk of a nuclear arms accident in a show of cooperation and defiance against terror attacks that killed 68 people from both countries.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2007        Feb 23, Pakistan successfully test-fired a new version of its long-range nuclear-capable missile, two days after Pakistani and Indian officials signed an agreement in New Delhi to reduce the risk of an accidental nuclear war between them.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 24, The foreign ministers of seven key Muslim nations started arriving in Pakistan for talks on a collective push to end the turmoil in the Middle East. Three Islamic militants died in eastern Pakistan when a powerful bomb they were carrying on a bicycle accidentally exploded in Cheecha Watni, Punjab province. Pakistani police arrested two men in southern Sindh province and accused them of hacking two young women to death for allegedly having sex outside marriage.
    (AP, 2/24/07)(AFP, 2/24/07)

2007        Feb 25, Pakistan PM Shaukat Aziz told foreign ministers from seven key Muslim states meeting in Islamabad that a joint push by the Islamic world is needed to end the turmoil in the Middle East.
    (AFP, 2/25/07)
2007        Feb 25, In eastern Pakistan at least 11 people were killed and more than 100 people injured by sharpened kite strings, stray bullets and other accidents at the annual two-day Basant kite-flying festival. Five of those who died were hit by stray bullets, including a 6-year-old boy who was struck in the head.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Feb 26, Pakistani security forces in Quetta reportedly captured Mullah Obaidullah Akhund, the former Taliban defense minister. US VP Cheney, accompanied by CIA deputy director Steve Kappes, made an unannounced stop in Pakistan en route to Afghanistan. Cheney held detailed talks with Pres. Musharraf, including a one-on-one lunch.
    (AP, 3/2/07)(www.nysun.com/article/49331)

2007        Feb 27, Pakistani officials said police are seeking 10 men, including several tribal elders, accused of pressuring a Pakistani woman to hand over her teenage daughter as payment for a 16-year-old poker debt.
    (AP, 2/27/07)

2007        Mar 2, In eastern Pakistan a bomb rigged to a bicycle exploded near a car carrying a judge, seriously wounding him and killing at least three people in Multan.
    (AP, 3/2/07)

2007        Mar 3, Pakistan successfully test-fired a short-range missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.
    (AP, 3/3/07)

2007        Mar 5, The bodies of two Pakistani tribesmen, accused of being US informers, were found near the Afghan border shot dead by suspected pro-Taliban militants.
    (Reuters, 3/5/07)

2007        Mar 6, In northwestern Pakistan armed tribesmen attacked suspected Uzbek militants, triggering a battle in which 15 people were killed.
    (AP, 3/6/07)

2007        Mar 7, In Pakistan senior officials from India and Pakistan wrapped up the first meeting of a joint panel on counterterrorism set up in September under a peace process begun in 2004. They pledged to share information and help each other prevent terrorism. In southwestern Pakistan a bomb attached to a motorcycle exploded near a vehicle carrying pro-government tribal elders, killing one of them and wounding 12 others.
    (AP, 3/7/07)

2007        Mar 9, Pakistan's state media reported that President Gen. Pervez Musharraf replaced Iftikhar Chaudhry, the Islamic nation's chief justice, for "misuse of authority." Chaudhry refused to resign and mass demonstrations for his support soon followed.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.23)

2007        Mar 10, Pakistani security forces killed three suspected Islamist militants in a clash in the North Waziristan region on the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 12, In Pakistan lawyers boycotted court proceedings, clashed with riot police, and burned an image of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf in a countrywide protest against the ouster of the country's top judge.
    (AP, 3/12/07)

2007        Mar 14, In northwestern Pakistan 2 men and a woman were stoned and shot to death on the orders of a tribal council that found them guilty of adultery.
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Mar 16, In Pakistan police fired tear gas at rock-throwing demonstrators and detained scores of political activists, including an opposition party leader and a former national president, in a bid to stifle protests at the ouster of the countryís top judge.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2007        Mar 17, Authorities eased restrictions on Pakistan's chief justice and sacked 15 police for attacking a private news channel that had criticized the government's handling of the judge's dismissal.
    (AP, 3/17/07)

2007        Mar 18, In Pakistan the lawyer for a man convicted of killing Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl said he will file an appeal using an al-Qaida lieutenant's recent confession that he beheaded the reporter.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Jamaica Bob Woolmer (58), Pakistan cricket coach, was found dead in his hotel room, hours after Pakistan was upset by Ireland and eliminated from advancing at the Cricket World Cup. A pathologist report found Woolmer's death was due to "asphyxia as a result of manual strangulation." An inquest into Woolmer's death ended with the Jamaican jury unable to reach a ruling.
    (AP, 3/21/07)(AP, 3/23/07)(AP, 3/18/08)

2007        Mar 19, In northwestern Pakistan pro-government tribesman and Uzbek militants clashed, leaving about 30 dead in fighting that began after an Arab was found shot to death in the area.
    (AP, 3/20/07)

2007        Mar 20, Heavy rains triggered landslides that buried three homes in Pakistan's portion of Kashmir, leaving 31 people dead.
    (AP, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 21, Thousands of protesters urged President Pervez Musharraf to quit over his removal of Pakistan's top judge, as the new acting chief justice flew back home and into the eye of the storm. In northwestern Pakistan fighting between local and Uzbek militants escalated, and the death toll from three days of clashes rose to at least 70.
    (AP, 3/21/07)(AFP, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 22, In Pakistan lawyers held fresh protests over the removal of the chief justice, as an inquiry into the beating of attorneys by police at another demonstration got under way. Pakistan successfully test-fired a nuclear-capable cruise missile with the capability to avoid radar detection.
    (AFP, 3/22/07)(AP, 3/22/07)

2007        Mar 23, In Pakistan Ali Mohammed Jan Aurakzai, the North West Frontier Province governor, said clashes between Pakistani tribesmen and foreign militants near the Afghan border this week have left up to 160 people dead, including about 130 Uzbek and Chechen fighters. Officials said warring tribesmen and foreign Al-Qaeda militants have agreed to a ceasefire after four days of bloodshed in the border region.
    (AP, 3/23/07)

2007        Mar 24, A senior judge from Pakistan's tiny Hindu minority was sworn in as acting chief justice amid a judicial crisis embroiling the government of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 3/24/07)

2007        Mar 26, In Pakistan supporters of opposition parties rallied against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's removal of Pakistan's top judge, raising the stakes in a judicial crisis that threatens to undermine the military ruler's hold on power. In northwestern Pakistan police challenged a group of suspected militants at a high school in Tank after hearing that they wanted to "motivate" students for holy war, sparking a gunbattle that left six people dead.
    (AP, 3/26/07)

2007        Mar 27, Residents and officials said Pakistanis living along the Afghan border have signed a third peace deal with the government promising not to shelter foreign militants. In Islamabad female and male Islamic students on an anti-vice drive abducted Aunty Shamin, an alleged brothel owner, and locked her up at their fundamentalist seminary. A grenade attack in Bajaur killed 5 ISI officers.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(SFC, 3/29/07, p.A9)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.43)

2007        Mar 28, In Tank, Pakistan, hundreds of militants fired rockets, killed one security official and kidnapped a school principal where police had slain two men accused of recruiting students for suicide attacks.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2007        Mar 29, In Pakistan a woman kidnapped by female seminary students and accused of running a brothel was freed after a hard-line cleric forced her to repent in public. A suicide bomber blew himself up among troops resting near an army base in Kharian, killing a soldier.
    (AP, 3/29/07)(AFP, 3/29/07)

2007        Mar 30, In Pakistan fighting between local and foreign militants near the Afghan border killed 52 people.
    (AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Mar 31, Pakistan successfully tested a short-range, nuclear-capable missile. Avalanches struck two villages in a remote part of northwest Pakistan, killing at least 29 people and leaving 14 others missing.
    (AP, 3/31/07)(AP, 4/1/07)

2007        Mar, In Pakistan the Chamalang coal mine, which had been shuttered for more than 30 years, reopened after a deal was brokered between two warring tribes. By 2010 the mine, which taps into one of Asia's largest coal fields, produced more than $70 million worth of coal and employed about 70,000 people.
    (AP, 7/10/10)

2007        Apr 2, Around 5,000 tribesmen gathered in a Pakistani border area to enlist for ongoing battles against foreign Al-Qaeda militants.
    (AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 3, Thousands of flag-waving protesters rallied at Pakistan's Supreme Court to urge President Pervez Musharraf to step down for controversially dismissing the country's top judge.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, UN officials in Afghanistan said avalanches and floods triggered by heavy rains and spring snow melt have killed about 150 people in recent days in the mountains of central Asia. The toll in Afghanistan reached 88 with over 50 killed in Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/3/07)

2007        Apr 4, Heavy fighting between Pakistani tribesmen and foreign militants allegedly linked to al-Qaida killed 60 people near the Afghan border. About 50 of those killed in the past 24 hours in the South Waziristan region were Uzbeks. The main commander of the tribal militia battling the foreign militants is Maulvi Nazir, a known Taliban sympathizer who the government says has come over to its side. Nazir recently established Islamic courts throughout South Waziristan, a 10,000-square-mile area with some 500,000 inhabitants.
    (AP, 4/4/07)(SFC, 6/1/07, p.A9)

2007        Apr 5, In eastern Pakistan a speeding tractor plowed into a roadside school, killing nine children and injuring 18 others.
    (AP, 4/5/07)

2007        Apr 6, Pakistani mullah Abdul Aziz said he had set up a Taliban-style Islamic court at his mosque in Islamabad and pledged "tens of thousands" of suicide attacks if the government tries to shut it down.
    (AFP, 4/6/07)

2007        Apr 7, In northern Pakistan some 40 people were killed and more than 70 injured in 2 days of sectarian clashes between Sunni and Shiite Muslims in Kurram.
    (AFP, 4/7/07)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.43)

2007        Apr 8, The body of a murdered South African national, Kenneth Scott Andrew (26), was found in a plastic bag on the outskirts of the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar.
    (AFP, 4/9/07)

2007        Apr 9, Pakistanís army announced that the Talibs had cleared foreigners from South Waziristan.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.43)

2007        Apr 12, Pakistanís President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said that tribesmen have killed about 300 foreign militants during a weekslong offensive near the Afghan border and acknowledged for first time that they received military support. Gunfights erupted again in villages near the Afghan border where clashes between Sunni and Shiite Muslims have killed at least 49 people over the past week.
    (AP, 4/12/07)

2007        Apr 13, Protesters burned an effigy of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf and demanded his resignation, as thousands rallied across Pakistan during a court hearing for a top judge removed by the government.
    (AP, 4/13/07)

2007        Apr 15, In Pakistan some 100,000 people rallied in Karachi against a radical Islamic mosque and seminary that launched a Taliban-style anti-vice campaign in Islamabad last week.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 17, Pakistan executed four brothers convicted of killing 13 of their relatives in a feud over land. A video began circulating showing the grisly death of Ghulam Nabi, a Pakistani militant accused of betraying a top Taliban official who was killed in a December airstrike in Afghanistan. The video showed a boy about 12 hacking off the head of Nabi.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 19, Chanting "down with Talibanization," hundreds of human rights activists marched through Pakistani cities, urging the government to rein in clerics who have launched an anti-vice campaign in the capital.
    (AP, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 24, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf arrived in Spain, part of a four-nation tour of Europe, for talks expected to focus on Islamic radicalism and NATO's mission in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/24/07)

2007        Apr 27, An apparent US missile strike killed 4 people in Saidgi, a village in the North Waziristan of Pakistan near the Afghan border.

2007        Apr 28, In northwest Pakistan a suicide attacker detonated a bomb as Aftab Khan Sherpao, the interior minister, finished speaking at a public meeting, killing 28 people and wounding the official. Saud Memon (44), a suspect in the death of WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl, was dumped, badly injured and weighing less than 80 pounds, in front of his Karachi home. He had been secretly detained and interrogated by US and Pakistani intelligence.
    (Reuters, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/29/07)(WSJ, 11/12/07, p.A3)

2007        Apr 30, The presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan, a meeting arranged by Turkish leaders, agreed to share intelligence on extremist groups to bolster efforts to deny sanctuary, training and financing to terrorists in both countries. Hundreds of British troops swept into the lush poppy fields of southern Afghanistan, drawing hostile fire at the start of a NATO operation to expel the Taliban from a valley stronghold.
    (AP, 4/30/07)

2007        May 1, Thousands of laborers rallied across Pakistan demanding better wages and living conditions to mark May Day.
    (AP, 5/1/07)

2007        May 6, Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry, Pakistan's sacked top judge, declared the "era of dictatorship is over" to cheers from tens of thousands as he took his battle with President Pervez Musharraf to the eastern city of Lahore. In northwestern Pakistan a passenger bus veered off a mountain road and fell about 600 feet into a ravine, killing 21 people and injuring seven others.
    (AFP, 5/6/07)(AP, 5/7/07)
2007        May 6, In Pakistanís North Waziristan tribal region Islamic militants began confiscating music cassettes from public buses and ordering shops to only sell CDs promoting jihad in the latest push to Talibanize the lawless frontier region.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

2007        May 7, Pakistan's Supreme Court suspended a judicial inquiry into misconduct charges against the country's top judge that triggered weeks of nationwide protests.
    (AFP, 5/7/07)

2007        May 8, NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer and President Pervez Musharraf agreed to strengthen security along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border to contain the Taliban insurgency.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

2007        May 9, Pakistan and the Czech Republic agreed to boost diplomatic links and promote relations in trade, health and science.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

2007        May 10, The Pakistani military said it has completed building a fence on a first section of its border with Afghanistan, a disputed measure designed to prevent militants from crossing the mountainous frontier.
    (AP, 5/10/07)

2007        May 12, Gunbattles and attacks killed at least 27 people and wounded dozens as Pakistan's political crisis descended into violence between rival parties over President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's suspension of the chief justice.
    (AP, 5/12/07)

2007        May 13, Pro-government and opposition groups blamed each other for Pakistan's worst political violence in years, as new riots broke out and the toll from street battles in Karachi rose to 41 dead and over 150 wounded.
    (AP, 5/13/07)(WSJ, 5/14/07, p.A1)
2007        May 13, A Jamaican newspaper reported that Scotland Yard investigators have concluded that Pakistan cricket coach Bob Woolmer died of natural causes and was not strangled as local police have said.
    (AP, 5/13/07)

2007        May 14, In Pakistan militants opened fire on a group of US, Afghan and Pakistani military officials meeting near the Afghan border, killing one American and a Pakistani soldier. In 2011 it was reported that a Pakistani soldier had opened fire with an automatic rifle, pumping multiple rounds from just 5 or 10 yards away into American officer, Maj. Larry J. Bauguess Jr., (36) killing him almost instantly. Separately Karachi storefronts were shuttered and the streets of the commercial hub emptied of cars on as residents angry over a weekend of deadly political violence honored a general strike called amid growing discontent over President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's ouster of the chief justice.
    (AP, 5/14/07)(http://tinyurl.com/3hyzgoo)

2007        May 15, In Pakistan a suicide bomber with a warning to spies for America taped to his leg attacked a crowded restaurant in Peshawar near the Afghan border, killing at least 25 people days after a relative of the Taliban's slain commander was arrested there.
    (AP, 5/15/07)

2007        May 16, In northwestern Pakistan suspected pro-Taliban militants firing mortars and machine guns attacked a police checkpoint, and at least five civilians were killed in the ensuing gunbattle.
    (AP, 5/16/07)

2007        May 18, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf acknowledged that Islamic militancy was increasing across Pakistan and said tough measures were needed to counter it, as religious students from a pro-Taliban mosque abducted four police officers. Musharraf said that he would not allow his two primary political opponents to come back to Pakistan before elections, slated for this year. Dozens of gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying 8 government officials and kidnapped them in North Waziristan. Saud Memon (44), owner of the shed and land outside Karachi where the body of Daniel Pearl was found, died. Memon was found lying unconscious outside his house on April 28.
    (AP, 5/19/07)(SFC, 5/19/07, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/21/07, p.A6)

2007        May 19, In Islamabad hardline clerics holding four Pakistani police at a mosque won the release of four extremists after a tense day-long stand-off between armed police and baton-wielding students.
    (AP, 5/19/07)

2007        May 20, In Pakistan hardline clerics said that they had released two policemen held hostage at an Islamabad mosque, after a deal was struck with authorities to free 4 extremists.
    (AFP, 5/20/07)
2007        May 20, It was reported that the US continued to pay Pakistan some $1 billion a year in reimbursements for military counterterrorism efforts along the Afghan border. Over the last 5 years Pakistan has received $5.6 billion. Payments averaged $80 million a month.
    (SSFC, 5/20/07, p.A6)

2007        May 21, In Pakistan radical Islamist students kidnapped three policemen in Islamabad, creating a second tense police hostage stand-off.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

2007        May 22, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships attacked a militant training camp near the Afghan border, killing at least four suspected militants.
    (AP, 5/22/07)

2007        May 23, The BBC reported that Pakistani UN peacekeepers charged with disarming Congolese militia instead engaged in gold and weapons trafficking with militia members. The Pakistani unit in question deployed to Mongwalu in April 2005.
    (AP, 5/23/07)

2007        May 24, In Pakistan thousands of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's opponents demonstrated in several, the first street protests since a burst of political violence deepened a crisis clouding his plans to stay in power.
    (AP, 5/24/07)

2007        May 25, Pakistani police busted a gang trading in kidneys and arrested eight people, including five doctors.
    (AFP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 26, In northwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded near a military convoy, killing at least two soldiers and wounding seven others.
    (AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 28, In Pakistan a court sentenced a same-sex couple to three years in jail on perjury charges, prompting the defendants to ask the president for help. The case of Shumail Raj, who was born female but had two operations to remove her breasts and uterus 16 years ago, and Shahzina Tariq has made waves by raising issues of homosexuality and transsexuality that are taboo in this conservative Muslim society. Pakistani police killed four pro-Taliban militants in a gun battle in the northwestern town of Bannu. Hours later unidentified gunmen shot dead a military commander on the outskirts of the northwestern town of Tank. A suicide attacker rammed his bomb-laden vehicle into a military convoy in Pakistan, killing two soldiers and wounding eight.
    (AP, 5/28/07)(AFP, 5/28/07)

2007        May 30, In Pakistan a court sentenced Younis Masih (29), a Christian, to death under Pakistan's blasphemy laws. Masih was arrested in Sep 2005 on the outskirts of the eastern city of Lahore after residents told police he made derogatory remarks against Islam and Muhammad. Masih has said that dozens of Muslims had thrashed him on Sept. 10, 2005, when he asked them not to sing loudly because his nephew had died, and his body was still lying at home.
    (AP, 6/1/07)
2007        May 30, Afghanistan and Pakistan agreed to increase cooperation after meeting with Group of Eight foreign ministers amid concerns that enmity between the neighbors is helping the Taliban inflict mounting losses on NATO troops and Afghan civilians.
    (AP, 5/31/07)

2007        May 31, In northwestern Pakistan about 100 suspected pro-Taliban militants attacked the house of a government official before dawn, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 5/31/07)

2007        Jun 2, In Pakistan tens of thousands of demonstrators joined the biggest rally yet against the president's suspension of the chief justice, giving the jurist a joyous reception ahead of a speech in an opposition stronghold. Officials said a nursing school was shut down and its Christian principal and four Christian students suspended after Muslim pupils accused unknown people of desecrating verses from the Quran.
    (AP, 6/2/07)(AP, 6/3/07)

2007        Jun 4, Pres. Musharraf signed a decree giving a government regulating agency stronger powers over the news media and the ability to rewrite regulations without recourse to Parliament. Hundreds of demonstrators chanted slogans against President Pervez Musharraf after the alleged blocking of three private television news channels by the Pakistani authorities. Police arrested Attaur Rehman and Faisal Bhatti in Kashmor, a town about 300 miles northeast of Karachi, in association with the 2002 murder of Daniel Pearl. Police later said the 2 men had been in custody since 2002.
    (SFC, 6/7/07, p.A4)(AFP, 6/4/07)(AP, 6/5/07)(WSJ, 6/13/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 5, Pakistani police said they have filed a preliminary complaint against about 200 journalists for defying a ban on rallies in the capital by protesting curbs on the media, the latest sign of government intolerance of coverage of a political crisis.
    (AP, 6/5/07)

2007        Jun 6, Pakistan's PM Shaukat Aziz ordered the immediate withdrawal of complaints initiated against about 200 journalists after they defied a ban on rallies to protest curbs on the media.
    (AP, 6/6/07)

2007        Jun 7, Thousands of lawyers, journalists and opposition activists staged a sit-in protest in the Pakistani city of Lahore, demanding President Gen. Pervez Musharraf resign for suspending a popular Supreme Court judge and enacting restrictions on the media.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 8, In Pakistan's southwestern Baluchistan province 3 people were killed and five wounded when a roadside bomb blasted a passing bus.
    (AFP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 9, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf withdrew new curbs on media covering Pakistan's growing political crisis, backing down after a week of nationwide protests by journalists and opposition parties. Pakistan said it will join an international initiative aimed at keeping nuclear materials out of the hands of terrorists. The initiative, however, only applies to civilian "facilities and activities."
    (AP, 6/9/07)(AP, 6/10/07)

2007        Jun 12, Shahid Jamil Qureshi, Pakistanís minister of state for communications, resigned after police named him as a suspect in the death of Kafila Siddiqui, a Canadian citizen of Pakistani origin, at their shared home in Islamabad.
    (AP, 6/12/07)

2007        Jun 14, In eastern Pakistan thousands rallied against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, demanding the ouster of the military ruler for suspending the country's top judge. Gunmen opened fire on government troops in the southwestern city of Quetta, considered a Taliban hideout, shortly after the visit of a top US official, killing seven soldiers and two police.
    (AP, 6/14/07)

2007        Jun 17, Thousands of Pakistanis braved the rain in Faisalabad to cheer the country's top judge, keeping the pressure on President Pervez Musharraf to end a crisis over the chief justice's ouster.
    (AFP, 6/17/07)

2007        Jun 18, Pakistan demanded that Britain withdraw a knighthood awarded to author Salman Rushdie, as a government minister said the honor gave a justification for suicide attacks by Muslims.
    (AP, 6/18/07)

2007        Jun 19, In Pakistan an explosion killed at least 26 Taliban allies in the North Waziristan tribal region. Security officials said it appeared to be a missile attack from Afghanistan targeting a training camp for foreign militants. A Pakistani military spokesman said the explosion was from a bomb being made by the militants.
    (SFC, 6/20/07, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/20/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 21, In Pakistan thousands rallied in support of the suspended chief justice, accusing President Gen. Pervez Musharraf of attacking the judiciary and burning a US flag to protest Washington's backing for the general's continued rule. Pakistani traders announced a reward of 10 million rupees (165,000 dollars) for anyone who beheads Salman Rushdie following Britain's decision to award the novelist a knighthood. Islamic scholars bestowed a top honor on Osama bin Laden in response to the British accolade.
    (AP, 6/21/07)(AFP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jun 22, Pakistani police arrested Muhammad Shahid Jamil Qureshi, a former government minister, after a court cancelled his bail in connection with the death of a Canadian woman.
    (Reuters, 6/22/07)

2007        Jun 23, In Pakistan radical Islamic students kidnapped nine people, including 6 Chinese women, from an alleged brothel in Islamabad. The nine were released after about 17 hours. Collapsed houses and severed electrical cables killed at least 228 people after heavy rains and thunderstorms lashed Pakistan's southern port city of Karachi.
    (Reuters, 6/23/07)(AP, 6/24/07)

2007        Jun 26, Tropical cyclone Yemyin lashed Pakistan's coastline with heavy rains and strong winds, killing over 400 people. 250,000 people were left homeless. Flooding killed more than 50 people in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 6/26/07)(AFP, 6/27/07)(AFP, 6/28/07)

2007        Jun 29, In southwestern Pakistan hungry victims of monsoon-spawned floods rioted, protesting slow, meager aid reaching their marooned villages where many feared the receding waters would yield numerous bodies. Pakistani police fired tear gas to disperse a protest by some of the 1.1 million victims of a cyclone, as fresh storms hit India and flooded villages awaiting help in Afghanistan. The death toll rose to about 500.
    (AP, 6/29/07)

2007        Jul 2, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's attempt to remove Pakistan's chief justice received a setback when a Supreme Court judge rejected government evidence and ordered a sweep of courts and judges' homes for spying devices.
    (AP, 7/2/07)
2007        Jul 2, The UN and other agencies offered aid and helicopters to Pakistan after floods unleashed by a cyclone and days of torrential rain devastated 1.5 million people leaving over 600 people dead.
    (AFP, 7/2/07)

2007        Jul 3, Pakistani security forces clashed with militants outside the radical Lal Masjid mosque in Islamabad, where students have carried out a string of kidnappings of police officers and alleged prostitutes, killing at least 9 people.
    (SFC, 7/4/07, p.A5)

2007        Jul 4, In Pakistan Maulana Abdul Aziz, one of the leaders of the radical-held Red Mosque, was arrested while fleeing his government-besieged mosque in a woman's burqa and high heels. He  said that the nearly 1,000 followers still inside should flee or surrender. At least 16 people, including eight militants, have been killed and scores injured in the standoff.
    (AP, 7/5/07)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.50)

2007        Jul 6, The head of a radical mosque besieged by government forces in the heart of Pakistan's capital rejected calls for an unconditional surrender, saying he and his die-hard followers were ready for martyrdom.
    (AP, 7/6/07)

2007        Jul 7, President Pervez Musharraf told Islamist militants barricaded in a mosque to surrender or die, while concern grew for hundreds of women and children inside the besieged compound in the Pakistani capital.
    (Reuters, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 8, Pakistan's army tried to blast through the wall of a besieged radical Islamic seminary to help free hostages held by a cleric and his militant supporters, leaving one commando dead.
    (AP, 7/8/07)

2007        Jul 9, Pakistanís President Gen. Pervez Musharraf gave clerics more time to persuade defiant militants to lay down their arms and surrender a mosque they have defended against thousands of government troops.
    (AP, 7/9/07)

2007        Jul 10, Pakistani troops flushed out holdouts entrenched inside a women's religious school, taking control of the sprawling Red Mosque room by room in fighting that left about 50 militants and eight soldiers dead. Abdul Rashid Ghazi, the chief cleric of the Red Mosque and brother of Abdul Aziz, was killed as Pakistani troops flushed out entrenched militants. Umme Hassan, the wife of Aziz and head of a seminary for female jihadists, escaped.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.50)

2007        Jul 11, Pakistani commandos cleared the warren-like Red Mosque complex of all its die-hard defenders, following an assault that ended a bloody eight-day siege and left more than 80 dead, including a pro-Taliban cleric.
    (AP, 7/11/07)

2007        Jul 12, In Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up, killing three people and wounding three more in Miranshah. A bomb killed 5 people, including 3 police, and wounded several others outside a religious centre in the Himalayan tourist town of Mingora. Islamist protests broke out in several parts of Pakistan following the army raid on the pro-Taliban Red mosque.
    (AP, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 13, In Pakistan Muslim protesters burnt effigies of Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf and American icon "Uncle Sam" in mass rallies against this week's deadly Red Mosque army raid.
    (AP, 7/13/07)

2007        Jul 14, Islamic militants launched a deadly suicide attack, detonated a roadside bomb and fired rockets as thousands of Pakistani troops deployed to the northwestern frontier to thwart the launch of a holy war. A suicide bomber struck in North Waziristan, his explosives-laden vehicle killing at least 26 soldiers and wounding 29 others in a military convoy.
    (AP, 7/14/07)(AP, 7/15/07)
    (AP, 7/15/07)

2007        Jul 15, Militants in northwest Pakistan disavowed a peace pact with the government. Suicide attacks and a roadside bomb together killed 44 people and wounded more than 100.
    (AP, 7/15/07)

2007        Jul 16, Pakistan held crisis talks with tribal elders to save a peace deal with pro-Taliban militants, amid fears of fresh violence after 3 weekend suicide attacks left more than 70 dead.
    (AFP, 7/16/07)

2007        Jul 17, A suicide bomber killed four Pakistanis, including three soldiers, in the North Waziristan region on the Afghan border, hours after pro-Taliban militants vowed to launch attacks on security forces. An apparent suicide bomber in Islamabad killed 16 people and injured 44 at a rally where the former chief justice was scheduled to speak.
    (SFC, 7/18/07, p.A13)(AP, 7/19/07)

2007        Jul 18, Marian Pearl, the widow of journalist Daniel Pearl, filed suit in Brooklyn federal court against Habib Bank Limited of Karachi, Pakistan, as well as over a dozen reputed terrorists for the torture and slaying of her husband in 2002.
    (SFC, 7/19/07, p.A17)

2007        Jul 19, In Pakistan 30 elders from several tribal regions in the northwest traveled to North Waziristan in the latest government-backed effort to persuade militants to reverse their decision to end a peace deal. In southern Pakistan suicide bombers hit a convoy of Chinese workers passing though the main bazaar in Hub killing 30 people including 7 police. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives when guards prevented him from entering the parade ground of the police academy in Hangu. The bomber killed six bystanders and one policeman, and another 24 people were wounded.
    (AP, 7/19/07)

2007        Jul 20, Pakistanís Supreme Court reinstated Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry, ruling that his suspension by President Gen. Pervez Musharraf was illegal. Clashes broke out between Pakistani troops and militants in North Waziristan after a suicide car bomber hit a security checkpoint, killing four people. In northwestern Pakistan lightning and heavy rain caused landslides that destroyed homes in two villages, killing more than 70 people.
    (AP, 7/20/07)(AP, 7/21/07)

2007        Jul 22, Islamic militants detonated bombs close to military convoys and attacked government positions in Pakistan's restive northwestern tribal region, sparking gunfights that left 19 insurgents dead. A 45-member delegation of tribal elders was in North Waziristan on a government-backed mission to try to salvage the peace accord.
    (AP, 7/22/07)

2007        Jul 23, In North Waziristan, Pakistan, 2 security posts came under rocket attack and an army convoy was attacked. At least 20 militants and two soldiers were killed in fighting.
    (AP, 7/23/07)(AP, 7/24/07)

2007        Jul 24, Abdullah Mehsud, a former Guantanamo Bay inmate who led pro-Taliban militants in Pakistan after his release, died when he blew himself up with a grenade to avoid arrest. He was released in March 2004 and quickly took up arms again, leading militants in South Waziristan. The beheaded bodies of two soldiers abducted the previous night were found in the Bajur tribal area.
    (AP, 7/24/07)

2007        Jul 25, In northwestern Pakistan suspected militants fired four rockets into Bannu, killing 10 people as they slammed into houses and a mosque.
    (AP, 7/25/07)

2007        Jul 26, Pakistan said it successfully test-fired a cruise missile capable of delivering nuclear warheads deep into India.
    (AP, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 27, Pakistanís Pres. Musharraf held secret talks in Abu Dhabi with former PM Benazir Bhutto. In Islamabad hundreds of students clashed with security forces and a nearby bombing killed 13 people during the reopening of the Red Mosque for the first time since a bloody army raid to oust Islamic militants from the complex. In Quetta gunmen opened fire on the vehicle of Raziq Bugti, the official spokesman for a provincial government in Pakistan on the border with Afghanistan, killing him.
    (AP, 7/27/07)(AP, 7/28/07)(SSFC, 7/29/07, p.A14)

2007        Jul 29, In Pakistan some 70 pro-Taliban militants occupied the shrine of renowned Pashtun freedom fighter Sahib Turangzai and its accompanying mosque in the town of Lakarai in Mohmand tribal region.
    (AP, 7/30/07)

2007        Jul 30, In Pakistan 3 paramilitary soldiers and four civilians died in militant attacks in the North Waziristan tribal region.
    (Reuters, 7/30/07)

2007        Jul 31, In northwestern Pakistan government troops backed by helicopter gunships repelled an attack on a military checkpoint near Miran Shah, killing 18 Islamic militants. A local lawmaker said the 18 people killed were tribesmen and not militants.
    (AP, 7/31/07)(SFC, 8/1/07, p.A15)(AFP, 8/2/07)

2007        Aug 2, An Islamic militant and a policeman died when officers foiled a suicide bombing at a Pakistani police school in Sargodha.
    (AP, 8/2/07)

2007        Aug 4, Javed Hashmi, one of Pakistan's top opposition leaders, was released to the raucous cheers of supporters after four years in prison and immediately vowed to resume his campaign against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf. He left prison a day after the Supreme Court granted him bail in his 23-year sentence on charges of treason and inciting an army mutiny against Musharraf. A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb at a busy bus station in Parachinar, North West Frontier Province, killing at least nine people and wounding 35 others. 4 soldiers and 10 militants were killed in a checkpoint shootout.
    (AP, 8/4/07)

2007        Aug 7, In Pakistan government forces attacked two militant bases with helicopter gunships and artillery in some of the army's toughest action in the lawless Afghan border region since militant attacks began surging last month. Low-level al-Qaida members, including Arabs and Chechens, were among 12 militant fighters killed. 2 gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire on paramilitary forces in a town in North West Frontier Province, killing one.
    (AP, 8/7/07)(AP, 8/8/07)

2007        Aug 8, Pakistani security forces killed three separatist militants after they were fired on while surveying a flood-hit area in southwestern Baluchistan province.
    (Reuters, 8/8/07)

2007        Aug 9, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf decided against declaring a state of emergency in Pakistan and will press ahead with plans to hold free and fair elections.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, President Bush held a news conference in which he publicly prodded Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, his embattled war-on-terror partner, to hold free presidential elections, share intelligence and take "swift action" against terrorist leaders in his country.
    (AP, 8/9/08)

2007        Aug 13, A monsoon storm unleashed landslides and collapsed houses in a village in Pakistan's mountainous northwest, killing 22 people.
    (AP, 8/13/07)

2007        Aug 19, Pakistan army helicopter gunships killed at least 15 al-Qaeda militants, mostly Uzbeks, in a pre-dawn raid near the Afghan border. Intelligence officials in Mir Ali said two women and two children also died in the strike.
    (Reuters, 8/19/07)

2007        Aug 20, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber detonated his explosive-laden car at a roadside security post, killing at least three troops and wounding at least eight others. A passenger bus plunged off a mountain road into a river bank in northern Pakistan, killing 25 people and injuring eight.
    (AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Aug 22, Suspected militants attacked a military checkpoint in northwest Pakistan before dawn, triggering a shootout that left three soldiers dead.
    (AP, 8/22/07)

2007        Aug 23, In Pakistan a Supreme Court ruling said former PM Nawaz Sharif, a key rival to President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, can return to Pakistan from exile.
    (AP, 8/23/07)

2007        Aug 24, In Pakistan six soldiers were killed in a suicide attack and roadside bombing near Miran Shah. Hours later the army said a month of fierce fighting near the Afghan border has killed about 250 militants and 60 Pakistani troops. Pro-Taliban militants kidnapped an army officer, two guards and a government official near an army base. A Pakistani army helicopter had fired on a vehicle near Miran Shah, the main town in the North Waziristan tribal region, killing three suspected militants. A villager said the slain men were not militants.
    (AP, 8/24/07)(AP, 8/25/07)

2007        Aug 25, Pakistan successfully test-fired a new air-launched cruise missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.
    (AP, 8/25/07)

2007        Aug 26, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber in a car killed four policemen and wounded two in an attack in Swat.
    (Reuters, 8/26/07)

2007        Aug 27, Pakistan's PM Aziz called for reconciliation between the country's main political parties as President Gen. Pervez Musharraf prepares to seek re-election. But he said the government had no plans to allow two banned opposition leaders to become premiers again. In northwest Pakistan militants and soldiers exchanged fire, killing one militant and injuring three civilians and a soldier in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/28/07)(AP, 8/27/07)

2007        Aug 28, A Pakistani cabinet minister and a ruling party MP said they had resigned to protest President Pervez Musharraf's plan to remain army chief. Pro-Taliban militants released 19 Pakistani soldiers who were abducted earlier this month in the rugged tribal belt bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 8/28/07)

2007        Aug 29, A senior official said Pakistanís President Gen. Pervez Musharraf and former rival Benazir Bhutto have reached an agreement regarding Musharraf's military role, a key step toward a power-sharing deal.
    (AP, 8/29/07)

2007        Aug 30, Pakistanís President Pervez Musharraf rejected pressure from former premier Benazir Bhutto to make a snap decision on a power-sharing deal that would see him quit as army chief. Pro-Taliban fighters, led by Pakistani Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud, captured over 200 Pakistani troops in South Waziristan. On Nov 4 they released 211 troops. Baitullah Mehsud had this year cobbled together the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), which became known as the Pakistani Taliban.
    (AP, 8/30/07)(AP, 11/4/07)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.34)

2007        Sep 1, Former Pakistani PM Benazir Bhutto said in London that talks on a power sharing deal with President Pervez Musharraf had stalled but she would return to Pakistan very soon even without an agreement. A suicide bombing killed four Pakistani troops near the Afghan border, as tribal elders met with Islamic militants elsewhere to seek the release of at least 120 Pakistani soldiers. In Karachi a section of a newly constructed highway bridge came crashing down. At least 6 people were killed and 13 others injured. Authorities suspended six officials from the state-run National Highway Authority, which is responsible for supervising highways in Pakistan, and the National Logistic Cell, a military-run construction company that built the Karachi bridge.
    (Reuters, 9/1/07)(AP, 9/1/07)(AP, 9/2/07)

2007        Sep 2, Pro-Taliban militants said they had abducted scores of Pakistani soldiers, demanding the withdrawal of troops from tribal areas near the Afghan border in exchange for their release.
    (AFP, 9/2/07)

2007        Sep 4, In Pakistan suicide bombers attacked a bus filled with government workers and a commercial area near Islamabad, killing at least 25 people and deepening the sense of crisis in a country beset with political uncertainty and Islamic militants.
    (AP, 9/4/07)

2007        Sep 5, Militants freed six soldiers who were among more than 100 Pakistani troops abducted over the weekend near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 7, In Pakistan lawyers said government has reopened corruption cases against former PM Nawaz Sharif. A court ordered the arrest of his brother in a murder case, three days before their expected return to Pakistan to challenge its Pres. Gen. Musharraf. In northwest Pakistan suspected Islamic militants beheaded two women on the outskirts of Bannu after accusing them of being prostitutes. In Mingora, a town south of Bannu, a bomb blast destroyed 48 shops in a downtown market, 33 of them selling music and movie CDs. Suspected militants shot dead the son and a nephew of a pro-government tribal elder in Bajur, a tribally governed region bordering Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/7/07)

2007        Sep 8, Saudi Arabia and an influential Lebanese politician joined calls by Pakistan for former prime minister Nawaz Sharif to scrap plans to return to the country next week.
    (AP, 9/8/07)

2007        Sep 9, Pakistani police manned roadblocks and rounded up supporters of former PM Nawaz Sharif as he prepared to end seven years in exile and return to Pakistan to lead a campaign to topple the country's US-allied military ruler. Suspected pro-Taliban militants ambushed a military convoy in troubled northwestern Pakistan, triggering a shootout that killed 10 militants and wounded seven soldiers.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

2007        Sep 10, Former PM Nawaz Sharif returned to Pakistan from a seven-year exile, hoping to campaign against the country's US-allied military ruler, but was immediately charged with corruption and deported to Saudi Arabia hours later. Pro-Taliban militants freed more than 260 Pakistani troops who were kidnapped nearly two weeks ago in a restive tribal region near the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/10/07)

2007        Sep 11, Lawyers for former PM Nawaz Sharif filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging his expulsion to Saudi Arabia, setting up another confrontation between the judiciary and Pakistan's military ruler as he battles to hold onto power. A suicide bomber killed 17 people in northwest Pakistan as police tried to arrest him in Dera Ismail Khan. Islamic militants tried to blow up a statue of the Buddha carved into a mountainside in the small village of Jehanabad but did not damage the structure. The statue was built around the 1st century, during the Gandhara era.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(AFP, 9/11/07)(AP, 9/12/07)

2007        Sep 12, Allies of Pakistan's military ruler blocked opposition leader Imran Khan from entering, Karachi, the country's biggest city, just days after the government sent a former prime minister back into exile. City police chief Azher Farooqi said the former cricket star was barred because his presence could cause unrest. Rebels armed with rocket launchers surrounded a security post on the outskirts of the troubled city of Bannu, which borders North Waziristan. They wounded a policeman and a soldier before whisking away 12 paramilitary troops. Pakistani helicopter gunships and artillery pounded pro-Taliban militant hideouts in a tribal region near the Afghan border, killing up to 40 insurgents.
    (AP, 9/12/07)(AFP, 9/12/07)

2007        Sep 13, In Pakistan militants attacked a military base near the Afghan border, sparking a battle that drew in army helicopters and left about 30 insurgents and two soldiers dead. In fighting near Razmak, a town in South Waziristan, army forces repelled repeated militant attacks, and tribesmen informed officials that up to 50 rebels died in counter-strikes. Two soldiers were killed and eight wounded. A suicide attacker penetrated Ghazi Tarbela base, a high-security military base about 60 miles south of Islamabad, and detonated an explosive-laden vehicle, killing 16 soldiers from an elite counterterrorism task force.
    (AP, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 14, Her party said former PM Benazir Bhutto will return to Pakistan from an eight-year exile on Oct. 18. The government said she was free to come back but would have to face corruption cases against her.
    (AP, 9/14/07)

2007        Sep 15, Pakistan's ruling party assured President Gen. Pervez Musharraf he will be elected to a new five-year term, and the vote will likely take place the first week of October. Maulana Hassan Jan, a prominent pro-Taliban cleric, was shot and killed by assailants in a car in Peshawar. He was a senior leader of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, a religious party that controls the provincial government of the Northwest Frontier province.
    (AP, 9/15/07)(SSFC, 9/16/07, p.A17)

2007        Sep 16, An alliance of Pakistani opposition parties said they would resign from national and provincial assemblies if President Pervez Musharraf tried to seek re-election from the sitting parliament.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

2007        Sep 17, Pakistanís Election Commission announced a rule change that would apparently allow President Gen. Pervez Musharraf to seek a new, five-year term while still serving as army chief.
    (AP, 9/17/07)

2007        Sep 18, A government lawyer announced that President Gen. Pervez Musharraf will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.
    (AP, 9/18/07)

2007        Sep 19, In northwest Pakistan dozens of gunmen raided a checkpoint near a stronghold of Taliban and al-Qaida militants and abducted 7 soldiers. Authorities sent a delegation of tribal elders to South Waziristan to seek the release of a group of 260 soldiers abducted Aug. 30.
    (AP, 9/19/07)

2007        Sep 20, Al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden called on Pakistanis to rebel against President Pervez Musharraf in a new recording, saying his military's siege of a militant mosque stronghold this year makes him an infidel.
    (AP, 9/20/07)
2007        Sep 20, Spainís Interior Ministry said Spanish police and the FBI had arrested two Pakistani nationals in a joint operation in Madrid and Barcelona on suspicion of being involved in financing international terrorism. The men, identified as Anar Muhammad Shan and Preces Mehmood Sandhu, were also held on suspicion of belonging to a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 9/21/07)

2007        Sep 21, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf appointed a new intelligence chief and promoted five other generals in a staff shake up just days after signaling he would quit the military if elected to a new five-year term. Outside the Supreme Court, hundreds of flag-waving supporters of Pakistan's biggest Islamic party held an anti-Musharraf rally as judges heard petitions challenging his right to run for re-election. Police said At least 40 people have died after consuming poisonous alcohol in southern Pakistan. Around 25 soldiers were released after hectic negotiations between a government-backed tribal jirga and rebels in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/21/07)(AP, 9/22/07)

2007        Sep 22, Pakistani police served four leaders of a pro-democracy alliance with 30-day detention orders and kept them under heavy guard at their parliamentary lodgings in Islamabad before arresting and taking him to jail. In NW Pakistan a suicide bomber blew up his car near a paramilitary convoy, wounding a soldier. In neighboring Bajaur tribal district authorities reported that a soldier and two women were killed in overnight attacks by pro-Taliban militants. Also in Bajaur an Afghan national and a local tribesman were found shot dead outside Khar.
    (AFP, 9/22/07)(AFP, 9/23/07)

2007        Sep 24, Pakistani police intensified a crackdown that opposition parties say has left hundreds of activists in custody while the Supreme Court dismissed three challenges to the re-election bid of Pakistan's military leader.
    (AP, 9/24/07)

2007        Sep 25, Pakistanís the attorney general said President Gen. Pervez Musharraf will stay on as army chief if he is not re-elected president, as the Supreme Court prepared for a ruling that could decide the fate of his bid for another five-year term.
    (AP, 9/25/07)

2007        Sep 27, Pakistan's chief justice ordered the immediate release of detained opposition members as President Gen. Pervez Musharraf formalized his disputed candidacy for a new five-year term.
    (AP, 9/27/07)

2007        Sep 28, Pakistan's Supreme Court removed the main obstacle to President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's bid for another 5 years in power as it dismissed legal challenges to his candidacy.
    (AP, 9/28/07)

2007        Sep 29, Riot police fired tear gas and used batons on protesting lawyers as Pakistan's Election Commission approved President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's candidacy for re-election.
    (AP, 9/29/07)

2007        Sep 30, Pakistan's key opposition parties vowed to lodge a last-ditch Supreme Court challenge aimed at stopping President Pervez Musharraf standing for re-election on October 6. Pakistani journalists protested against police violence against colleagues covering a protest against President Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad a day earlier.
    (AFP, 9/30/07)(Reuters, 9/30/07)

2007        Oct 1, A burqa-clad woman blew herself up and killed at least 16 people at a crowded police checkpoint in northwestern Pakistan. It was believed to be the first time a female suicide bomber has struck inside the country. Pakistan's top court ordered three officials suspended over a crackdown that wounded dozens of journalists and lawyers during protests against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's re-election bid.
    (AP, 10/1/07)(AFP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 2, Pakistan agreed to grant ex-premier Benazir Bhutto an amnesty on corruption charges. Opposition legislators resigned to undercut President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's re-election bid, but the Pakistani leader pushed ahead with plans for an expected victory, naming Gen. Ashfaq Kayani, a former spymaster, to head the military in his place.
    (AP, 10/2/07)(AFP, 10/2/07)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.48)

2007        Oct 4, Militants holding some 230 Pakistani troops killed three of the captive soldiers before dawn in apparent retaliation for army raids on guerrilla hide-outs near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 10/4/07)

2007        Oct 5, On the eve of Pakistan's presidential vote the highest court ruled that no election winner can be declared until it decides whether Pres. Gen. Musharraf is an eligible candidate. Musharraf pushed toward an alliance with a former premier signing an amnesty clearing her of corruption charges. Pres. Musharraf issued a National Reconciliation Ordnance (NRO) as part of a political deal to allow former PM Benazir Bhutto to return from years of exile to Pakistan. By 2009 over 8,000 government officials were reported to have benefited from the decree. The amnesty lapsed on Nov 28, 2009, by order of the Supreme Court. On Jan 19, 2010, the Supreme Court released a 287-page judgement explaining why it had ruled the NRO unconstitutional.
    (AP, 10/5/07)(SFC, 11/23/09, p.A3)(Econ, 11/27/09, p.29)(Econ, 1/23/10, p.40)

2007        Oct 6, Pakistan's Gen. Pervez Musharraf swept the presidential election, according to unofficial results, but the Supreme Court could still disqualify the military leader in the vote boycotted by nearly all of Pakistan's opposition. Opposition parties resigned from the parliaments and members of Miss Bhuttoís party abstained from the vote.
    (AP, 10/6/07)(Econ, 10/13/07, p.17)

2007        Oct 7, In northwest Pakistan 2 suspected al-Qaida fighters and a dozen villagers were among about 80 people killed in fierce fighting between soldiers and militants. The early morning operation was launched in retaliation for overnight attacks by extremists on two military convoys in the region that left two soldiers dead and another 30 wounded.
    (AFP, 10/7/07)(AP, 10/8/07)

2007        Oct 8, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf installed a loyalist and former spymaster as deputy army chief, handpicking his successor as leader of the military in a key step to restoring civilian rule. One of three helicopters escorting President Gen. Pervez Musharraf crashed in Pakistan's portion of Kashmir, killing four passengers and injuring five.
    (AP, 10/8/07)

2007        Oct 9, Airstrikes hit a village bazaar in North Waziristan tribal region, killing more than 50 militants and civilians and wounding scores more. Pakistanís army said fierce fighting between Islamic militants and security forces near the Afghan border has killed as many as 250 people over four days.
    (AP, 10/9/07)

2007        Oct 12, Pakistanís Supreme Court refused to suspend a corruption amnesty for former PM Benazir Bhutto but injected uncertainty into Pakistan's turbulent politics by saying the law was reversible.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

2007        Oct 18, India and Pakistan pledged to maintain a ceasefire after resuming talks as part of their slow-moving peace process but reported no specific progress on issues under discussion.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18, Benazir Bhutto made a dramatic return to Pakistan, ending eight years of exile to reclaim a share of power with the country's US-backed military leader. More than 150,000 jubilant supporters gathered in Karachi to greet her amid massive security. A suicide attack killed up to 136 people. Bhutto said there were two attackers in the deadly bombing, and that her security guards found a third man armed with a pistol and another with a suicide vest. Ahead of her arrival, she said, she was warned suicide squads were dispatched to kill her. In February, 2008, Bhuttoís book ďReconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West," was published. In it she alleged that Qari Saifullah Akhtar was involved in the October 17 bombing in Karachi. Akhtar was released from custody in December, 2010, after authorities found no grounds for charges.
    (AP, 10/18/07)(AP, 10/19/07)(SFC, 1/10/11, p.A2)

2007        Oct 19,     India and Pakistan reviewed their efforts to cut the risk of accidents involving nuclear weapons and discussed arms and security issues.
    (AP, 10/19/07)

2007        Oct 20,     A bomb ripped through a bus parked at a terminal in southwestern Pakistan, killing seven people and wounding six others.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Oct 22,     The United States handed over 30 military helicopters to key ally Pakistan to help fight extremism and provide humanitarian relief in the region.
    (AP, 10/22/07)

2007        Oct 24, In Pakistan a senior official said the senior detective leading the investigation into the suicide attack on Benazir Bhutto has withdrawn from the case after the opposition leader accused him of involvement in the torture of her husband in 1999. Pakistan's army said that new troops have been deployed to Swat, a mountain valley popular with tourists until violence flared there this summer, to quell Maulana Fazlullah, who has called for Taliban-style rule and holy war against Pakistani authorities.
    (AP, 10/24/07)(AP, 10/25/07)

2007        Oct 25, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide car bomber hit a truck carrying Frontier Constabulary paramilitary troops through a crowded area of Mingora, killing 19 soldiers and a civilian, and wounding 35 people.
    (AP, 10/26/07)

2007        Oct 26, In northwestern Pakistan paramilitary troops battled supporters of radical cleric Maulana Fazlullah, killing at least one in a fierce fight with heavy weapons. Militants seized and beheaded 7 civilians and 6 security officers after government troops launched an assault on the radical cleric's hideout. The clashes at the hideout of Fazlullah in the village of Imamdheri also left three rebels and two civilians dead. 16 paramilitary troops were killed when militants blew up their truck in the Nawakili area.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(AFP, 10/27/07)(AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Oct 28,     In northwestern Pakistan security forces backed by helicopter gunships militant hideouts in the mountains of the district. Over 60 militants died in the fierce fighting.
    (AP, 10/29/07)(SFC, 10/30/07, p.A8)

2007        Oct 29, Pro-Taliban militants and security forces reached a cease-fire in a troubled district of northwest Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Oct 30, In Pakistan a suicide attacker set off a bomb at a checkpoint a quarter-mile from the military headquarters in Rawalpindi where President Gen. Pervez Musharraf was staying, killing 3 officers and 4 civilians.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

2007        Oct 31, Pakistan military helicopter gunships strafed Islamic militant positions in the northwestern Swat Valley as a shaky truce collapsed.
    (AP, 10/31/07)

2007        Nov 1, Pakistani security forces in the Swat region killed at least 60 militant supporters of a pro-Taliban cleric, hours after a suicide attack on a Pakistan Air Force bus killed eight and wounded 40. Militants said they had captured 44 members of the Frontier Corps and were holding them hostage.
    (AP, 11/1/07)(SFC, 11/2/07, p.A21)

2007        Nov 2, Pakistan International Airlines had to cancel 40 percent of its international and domestic flights after aircraft engineers went on mass sick leave in a protest over pay. A missile strike on a pro-Taliban militant camp in Pakistan's tribal belt killed 10 people, as rebels in another area paraded 48 men said to be troops captured during fierce clashes.
    (AFP, 11/2/07)

2007        Nov 3, Pakistanís President Gen. Pervez Musharraf launched his 2nd coup and declared a state of emergency ahead of a crucial Supreme Court decision on whether to overturn his recent election win and amid rising Islamic militant violence. Eight Supreme Court judges immediately rejected the emergency, which suspended the current constitution.
    (AP, 11/3/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.31)

2007        Nov 4, Pakistani police wielding assault rifles rounded up opposition leaders and rights activists after Gen. Pervez Musharraf suspended the constitution, ousted the top justice and deployed troops to fight what he called rising Islamic extremism. Pro-Taliban militants set free 211 Pakistani troops they have held captive since late August in a tribal region near the Afghan border. In exchange Pakistan released 25 Taliban including Sohail Zeb (22), who was sentenced to 24 years in jail a month earlier after being arrested with 2 suicide belts.
    (AP, 11/4/07)(Reuters, 11/4/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.34)

2007        Nov 5, Pakistani police fired tear gas and clubbed thousands of lawyers protesting President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's decision to impose emergency rule, as Western allies threatened to review aid to the troubled Muslim nation. More than 1,500 people have been arrested in 48 hours, and authorities put a stranglehold on independent media. The government said it would hold a national election by mid-January.
    (AP, 11/5/07)(Reuters, 11/5/07)

2007        Nov 6, Pakistan's deposed chief justice called on lawyers nationwide to defy police and protest President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's imposition of emergency rule, while the government debated whether to delay parliamentary elections by as much as three months.
    (AP, 11/6/07)

2007        Nov 7, Former premier Benazir Bhutto urged Pakistanis to hold mass protests against a state of emergency declared by President Pervez Musharraf. Police swung batons and fired tear gas at supporters of former PM Bhutto demonstrating near Pakistan's parliament. The Bush administration warned Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf that US patience is not "never-ending," and that it expects him to return "soon" to the path of democracy.
    (AP, 11/7/07)(AFP, 11/7/07)

2007        Nov 8, Pres. Musharaff said Pakistan's parliamentary elections will he held by mid-February, a month later than planned, a day after Pres. Bush urged him to hold the vote on time. Opposition leader Benazir Bhutto denounced the pledge as insufficient and said Musharaff should step down as army chief within a week.
    (AP, 11/8/07)

2007        Nov 9, Pakistani police placed opposition leader Benazir Bhutto under house arrest, uncoiling barbed wire in front of her Islamabad villa, and reportedly rounding up thousands of her supporters to block a mass protest against emergency rule. A suicide bombing at a government minister's home in the northwestern city of Peshawar killed four people.
    (AP, 11/9/07)

2007        Nov 10, Pakistan announced plans to lift its state of emergency within one month and allowed opposition leader Benazir Bhutto to leave her villa following a day under house arrest. Police blocked opposition leader Benazir Bhutto from visiting Pakistan's deposed chief justice. Militants abducted 8, who were stopped at a makeshift roadblock and overpowered.
    (AP, 11/10/07)(Reuters, 11/10/07)
2007        Nov 10, Iranian state television reported that Iran and Pakistan have reached a deal to build a multi-billion-dollar pipeline to transport natural gas between the two countries.
    (AP, 11/11/07)

2007        Nov 11, Pakistan's military ruler said elections would be held by January but set no time limit on emergency rule that has suspended citizens' rights, claiming it was essential for fighting terrorism and ensuring a free and fair vote.
    (AP, 11/11/07)

2007        Nov 12, Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was placed under house arrest for the second time in four days ahead of a planned march to protest emergency rule.
    (AP, 11/12/08)

2007        Nov 13, Opposition leader Benazir Bhutto called on Pakistan's President Gen. Pervez Musharraf to resign and ruled out serving under him in a future government after she was placed under house arrest for the second time in five days. Bhuttoís plan for a ďlong march" from Lahore to Islamabad was foiled by her house arrest.
    (AP, 11/13/07)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.50)

2007        Nov 14, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said he expects to step down as army chief by the end of November and begin a new presidential term as a civilian, warning that Pakistan risked chaos if he gave into opposition demands to resign. In the northwest 33 insurgents were reported killed when the military pounded their positions with helicopter gunships and artillery.
    (AP, 11/14/07)(AFP, 11/15/07)

2007        Nov 15, Officials said Pakistani troops have launched a counter-offensive against pro-Taliban militants in the northwest, pushing them back into forests and mountains.
    (AFP, 11/15/07)

2007        Nov 16, Between 35 and 40 rebels were killed as Pakistani gunship helicopters launched fresh attacks on pro-Taliban bunkers in the troubled northwest. The clashes left nearly 100 militants dead as they entered a 4th day.
    (AP, 11/16/07)(AP, 11/17/07)

2007        Nov 17, Pakistanís army said some 15,000 troops have massed for a major assault on Islamic militants in a scenic northern valley, whose fall has raised concern about Pakistan's ability to withstand rising extremism.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 17, US Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte delivered a blunt message to Pakistan's military ruler, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, telling him emergency rule had to be lifted and his opponents freed ahead of elections.
    (AP, 11/17/08)

2007        Nov 18, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's government dismissed a last-ditch US call to end emergency rule, a day after a visit by Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte. Security officials and state media reported that fighting between rival Sunni and Shiite Muslims in the northwestern tribal belt has claimed at least 90 lives.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/18/08)

2007        Nov 19, Pakistanís Supreme Court, hand-picked by President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, swiftly dismissed legal challenges to his continued rule, opening the way for him to serve another five-year term, this time solely as a civilian president. Imran Khan, captain of Pakistanís 1992 world championship cricket team, began a hunger strike in prison where he was being held for protesting against Pres. Musharraf.
    (AP, 11/19/07)(SFC, 11/20/07, p.A17)

2007        Nov 20, Pakistanís Interior Ministry said more than 3,000 people jailed under emergency rule have been released, the latest sign that President Gen. Pervez Musharraf was rolling back some of the harsher measures taken against his opponents. Over 2,000 remained jailed. The government said the army had killed 15 militants in Shangla as Pres. Musharraf left for a visit to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 11/20/07)

2007        Nov 21, Pakistan asked a key international forum comprising Britain and its former colonies to delay a decision on whether to suspend it from the Commonwealth. Law Minister Afzal Hayder said the government had freed 5,634 political activists and anti-government lawyers, including cricketer Imran Kahn. 623 people remained in government custody. The army said security forces attacked mountaintop positions of pro-Taliban militants in the Swat region of northwestern Pakistan, leaving 40 fighters dead.
    (AP, 11/21/07)

2007        Nov 22, Pakistanís Supreme Court, stacked with judges loyal to President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, cleared the way for him to rule as a civilian president, throwing out a final challenge to last month's election.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 22, A committee of the 53-nation Commonwealth, meeting in Uganda, suspended Pakistan from the organization for failing to end emergency rule.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2007        Nov 24, Militants struck at the heart of Pakistan's security establishment, killing up to 35 people in suicide attacks on a checkpoint outside army headquarters and a bus carrying intelligence agency employees. The attacks in Rawalpindi coincided with the announcement that Nawaz Sharif, a former prime minister overthrown in 1999 by the country's current military leader Gen. Pervez Musharraf, would return from exile the next day.
    (AP, 11/24/07)

2007        Nov 25, Pakistanís exiled former PM Nawaz Sharif returned home to a hero's welcome and called on President Gen. Pervez Musharraf to end emergency rule before elections, a fresh challenge to the US-backed leader. The army said that 30 pro-Taliban fighters and one Pakistani soldier died in an operation to capture militant positions in the Swat valley.
    (AP, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 25, In Uganda Commonwealth leaders called on Pakistan to remain engaged with the group as they wrapped up a summit here that saw the suspension of President Pervez Musharraf's country.
    (AP, 11/25/07)

2007        Nov 26, Former Pakistani prime ministers Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif signed up to run in a January election while a spokesman for President Pervez Musharraf said he would be sworn in as a civilian on Nov 29.
    (AP, 11/26/07)

2007        Nov 27, Officials said Pakistani government troops have retaken a strategic peak from pro-Taliban rebels in the northwest Swat valley and shut down their radio station. Major General Waheed Arshad said 45 militants had been killed in the past two days of clashes.
    (AFP, 11/27/07)

2007        Nov 28, Pervez Musharraf stepped down as Pakistan's military commander, fulfilling a key opposition demand a day before he was to be sworn in as civilian president. Musharraf handed over his ceremonial baton to his successor, Gen. Ashfaq Kayani (b.1952), who is widely expected to maintain the army's pro-Western policies. A shell aimed at Islamic militants in northern Pakistan killed 11 civilians, while a roadside bomb killed five soldiers in another troubled region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/28/07)(AP, 11/29/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashfaq_Parvez_Kayani)

2007        Nov 29, Pakistanís Pervez Musharraf embarked on a new five-year term as a civilian president, promising to lift a state of emergency by Dec. 16 and restore the constitution before January elections, a key demand of his domestic opponents and foreign backers.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Nov 30, Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto published her manifesto for a January election, promising jobs for the poor if victorious but keeping open the option of boycotting the vote.
    (AP, 11/30/07)

2007        Nov, Pakistan police and intelligence agents snatched Mazhar ul Haq from his home on the outskirts of Islamabad. In May, 2010, a court ordered him and 10 others released, but intelligence agents spirited him away. He remained in custody in 2013 without trial or conviction of any crime.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.43)

2007        Dec 1, In northwestern Pakistan former PM Benazir Bhutto launched her election campaign, a day after unveiling her party's platform despite calls from other opposition groups to boycott the Jan. 8 vote.
    (AP, 12/1/07)

2007        Dec 3, Opposition leader Nawaz Sharif risks disqualification from Pakistan's crucial parliamentary elections after an official rejected his nomination papers. Sharif was said to be ineligible because of a conviction on charges related to the 1999 coup, in which Musharraf ousted his government. A bomb exploded inside an Islamic school in southwestern Pakistan, killing six students and wounding four others.
    (AP, 12/3/07)

2007        Dec 4, Former PM Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan's major opposition parties will demand the end of emergency rule and the release of former Supreme Court judges as a condition for their participation in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 12/4/07)

2007        Dec 6, Thousands of lawyers boycotted courts across Pakistan while police blocked former PM Nawaz Sharif and his supporters from marching to the heavily guarded home of the deposed Supreme Court chief justice.
    (AP, 12/6/07)

2007        Dec 8, In Naseerabad, Pakistan, gunmen killed three people in an attack on a party office of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto, the first reported deaths apparently linked to the current election campaign. Pakistan's army claimed it has cleared almost all militants from embattled northwestern Swat valley after killing 290 rebels and arresting another 143 in recent weeks.
    (AP, 12/8/07)(AFP, 12/8/07)

2007        Dec 9, In Pakistan former PM Nawaz Sharif's opposition party decided to run in next month's parliamentary elections, a move could clear the way for other members of Pakistan's largest opposition coalition to participate. A suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden car into a police outpost near Imam Dheri, the headquarters of pro-Taliban cleric Maulana Fazlullah, killing 8 people. The military there has been battling Islamic militants loyal to the fugitive cleric.
    (AP, 12/9/07)

2007        Dec 10, A suicide car bomber struck near a bus carrying children of Pakistani air force employees to school at a northern army base. At least five children were wounded.
    (AP, 12/10/07)

2007        Dec 11, Pakistan's military vowed a strong response to any international attempt to seize its atomic arsenal as the army successfully test-fired a nuclear-capable cruise missile.
    (AP, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 12, Pakistani troops killed 20 militants in an ongoing offensive against supporters of a pro-Taliban cleric in the restive northwestern valley of Swat. Residents said troops shot dead one person and wounded two others for violating curfew restrictions in the town of Fizaghat.
    (AFP, 12/12/07)

2007        Dec 13, In southwest Pakistan twin suicide bombers blew themselves up close to a military checkpoint in Quetta, killing five soldiers and wounding 22 people.
    (AP, 12/13/07)

2007        Dec 15, President Pervez Musharraf lifted a six-week-old state of emergency and said in a nationally televised address that he imposed it as a last resort to save Pakistan from destruction from an unspecified conspiracy. In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber on a bicycle killed at least 2 soldiers and 3 civilians at a checkpoint near the gate of an army school.
    (AP, 12/15/07)
2007        Dec 15, Rashid Rauf, a British suspect in an alleged plot to blow up trans-Atlantic jetliners, escaped after appearing before a judge at a court in Islamabad. Rauf, who is of Pakistani origin, was arrested in August 2006 on a tip from British investigators.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 15, Pakistan's Health Ministry issuing a statement saying six people had initially tested positive for the virus last month, while the WHO said eight had been reported. International health experts were dispatched to Pakistan to help investigate the cause of South Asia's first outbreak of bird flu in people and determine if the virus could have been transmitted through human contact.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

2007        Dec 17, In Pakistan the Election Commission rejected former PM Nawaz Sharifís appeal against the rejection of his nomination for next month's parliamentary elections. Police used batons and fired tear gas in a clash with protesters who hurled rocks and bricks at them in Islamabad. A suicide bomber blew himself up among a group of Pakistani army recruits returning from a soccer game in northwestern Pakistan, killing nine of them. The attacker struck near an army communications center in Kohat, about 30 miles from the city of Peshawar.
    (AFP, 12/17/07)(AP, 12/17/07)(AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 19, In southern Pakistan an express train crowded with holiday travelers derailed, killing 40 people and leaving hundreds of terrified survivors to claw their way out of the wreckage in total darkness. A trailer truck hit a rickshaw crowded with children going to school in eastern Pakistan, leaving 14 people dead.
    (AP, 12/19/07)(AP, 12/20/07)

2007        Dec 21, In Pakistan a suicide attacker detonated a bomb packed with ball bearings and nails amid hundreds of worshippers at the residential compound of a former top security official for President Pervez Musharraf, killing 56 people in Sherpao, a village 25 miles northeast of the city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 12/21/07)(AFP, 12/22/07)

2007        Dec 22, In northwestern Pakistan clashes started, four days after the Shiite Turi and Sunnite Mengal tribes signed a ceasefire agreement following weeks of fighting which left more than 100 people dead. The rival tribes were using heavy weapons and by Dec 30 the death toll had reached 63.
    (AFP, 12/30/07)

2007        Dec 23, A suicide bomber killed four Pakistani soldiers and five civilians in an attack on a military convoy in the northwest Swat Valley.
    (Reuters, 12/23/07)

2007        Dec 24, The New York Times reported that more than five billion dollars in US aid to Pakistan has often never reached the military units it was intended for to fight Al-Qaeda and the Taliban, and was instead diverted to other programs.
    (AP, 12/24/07)

2007        Dec 26, Pakistan's Pres. Pervez Musharraf and Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai vowed to boost intelligence cooperation to meet the menace of terrorism that was destroying both countries.
    (Reuters, 12/26/07)

2007        Dec 27, Pakistanís opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in a suicide attack in Rawalpindi that also killed at least 20 others at the end of a campaign rally. Doctors reported that Bhutto died from a bullet wound. Opposition leader Nawaz Sharif announced his party was boycotting next month's elections following the assassination. He demanded that President Pervez Musharraf resign immediately. Within hours Sindhis began to rampage. After the 1st frenzy over 50 people were killed and damages were later estimated at $200 million. In February, 2008, her book ďReconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West," was published. In it she alleged that Qari Saifullah Akhtar was involved in an October bombing in Karachi that killed some 150 people.
    (AP, 12/27/07)(SFC, 12/31/07, p.A3)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.22)(Econ, 2/16/08, p.93)(AP, 8/6/08)

2007        Dec 28, In Pakistan hundreds of thousands of mourners, weeping and chanting for justice, thronged the mausoleum of Pakistan's most famous political dynasty in a raw outpouring of grief for Benazir Bhutto. The government blamed al-Qaida and the Taliban for the assassination of the opposition leader, who was buried alongside her father. Furious supporters rampaged through several cities in violence that left at least 23 dead. The government said that Benazir Bhutto was not killed by gunshots or shrapnel as originally claimed but by a skull fracture suffered when her head slammed against her car during a suicide attack. A transcript released by the Pakistani government of a purported conversation between militant leader Baitullah Mehsud, who is referred to as Emir Sahib, and another man identified as a Maulvi Sahib, or Mr. Cleric. The government alleges the intercepted conversation proves al-Qaida was behind the assassination of Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 12/28/07)(AP, 12/29/07)

2007        Dec 29, In Pakistan an Islamic militant group said it had no link to Benazir Bhutto's killing and the opposition leader's aides accused the government of a cover-up, disputing the official account of her death. The government said mass rioting has killed 38 people and caused tens of millions of dollars in damage.
    (AP, 12/29/07)

2007        Dec 30, Bilawal Zardari (19), Benazir Bhutto's son, was chosen to succeed her as chairman of her opposition party, while her husband, Asif Ali Zardari, will serve as co-chairman, extending Pakistan's most famous political dynasty to another generation. Zardari, who became investment minister in Bhutto's second government, was nicknamed "Mr. 10 Percent" for allegedly skimming off commissions on government contracts. 3 days of unrest left more than 40 dead and tens of millions of dollars in damage. In eastern Pakistan 2 suspected suicide bombers died when they prematurely detonated their bomb near the residence of a senior leader of the ruling party.
    (AP, 12/30/07)

2007        Dec 31, A newly released video of Benazir Bhutto's assassination and an inconclusive medical report raised new doubts about the official explanation of her death and were likely to intensify calls for an independent, international investigation.
    (AP, 12/31/07)

2007        Dec, Abu Obaidah al-Masri, al-Qaidaís chief operational planner, was reported in 2008 to have died of hepatitis at about this time in Pakistanís tribal area.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.A3)

2007        Catherine Collins and Douglas Frantz authored "The Nuclear Jihadist: The True Story of the Man Who Sold the Worldís Most Dangerous SecretsÖ and How We Could Have Stopped Him," in which they covered Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan (b.1935), founder of Pakistanís nuclear program.
    (SSFC, 12/16/07, p.M4)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.79)
2007        Zahid Hussain authored "Frontline Pakistan: The Struggle With Militant Islam."
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2007        Ayesha Siddiqa authored ďMilitary Inc.: Inside Pakistanís Military Economy."
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.94)
2007        In Pakistan Taliban militants overran the countryís biggest ski resort at Malam Jaba in the Swat Valley and smashed the ďheathen" lifts.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.41)
2007        In Pakistan the population numbered about 160 million with over 100 million under 25.
    (WSJ, 9/5/07, p.1)

2008        Jan 1, Pakistan's election commission said that unrest following the killing of Benazir Bhutto would almost certainly force the postponement of Jan. 8 elections, despite opposition threats of street protests if the poll is delayed. Militants abducted four Pakistani paramilitary soldiers in a tribal area. Pakistani troops killed 25 militants close to the Afghan border in fighting following the abduction of four soldiers.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AFP, 1/1/07)(AP, 1/2/08)

2008        Jan 2, Authorities said Pakistan's elections will be delayed six weeks until Feb. 18 because of unrest following the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. Opponents condemned the postponement but said they would take part in the vote anyway. Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf said that he had requested a team of investigators from Britain's Scotland Yard to assist in the investigation into the killing of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 1/2/08)

2008        Jan 6, In northwest Pakistan suspected Islamic militants in 2 attacks fatally shot 8 tribal leaders involved in efforts to broker a cease-fire between security forces and insurgents.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(SFC, 1/8/08, p.A14)

2008        Jan 10, In eastern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up among police deployed outside a court in Lahore, killing at least 25 people, including 21 policemen, and wounding more than 70. Pakistani troops killed more than 50 Taliban militants after fighting off an attack overnight on a military fort near the town of Ladha in rugged South Waziristan.
    (AP, 1/10/08)(WSJ, 1/11/08, p.A1)(AFP, 1/12/08)

2008        Jan 12, In Pakistan security forces arrested 59 insurgents after they attacked police with rockets near the town of Ladha in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 1/13/08)

2008        Jan 14, Pakistani security forces killed 23 Taliban fighters and lost seven of their own men during clashes, while a Taliban spokesman said 17 troopers were captured. A bomb killed 10 people in Karachi as Pres. Musharraf was visiting, sparking violent protests. Six British detectives left Pakistan bound for London with evidence collected from their investigation into the assassination of Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto.
    (Reuters, 1/14/08)(AP, 1/14/08)(AFP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 15, In Pakistan some 200 Islamic militants overran the Sararogha Fort close to the Afghan border breaking through the walls with rockets. The battle killed seven soldiers and left 20 missing. The military said 50 attackers died.
    (AP, 1/16/08)

2008        Jan 17, In Pakistan a suspected Sunni extremist opened fire in a Shiite mosque, in the northwestern city of Peshawar, and then blew himself up, killing 9 people and wounding at least 20 on the eve of the Ashoura religious festival. Helicopter gunships opened fire on two suspect cars near a third fort in South Waziristan, killing eight militants. A teenager (15) who said he was part of a team of assassins sent to kill former PM Benazir Bhutto was arrested near the Afghan border. The teen was also involved in a plot to attack Shiites during an Ashoura festival.
    (AP, 1/17/08)(AFP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)

2008        Jan 18, In South Waziristan, Pakistan, ďsecurity forces used artillery, mortars and small-arms fire to engage the miscreants. Reportedly, 50-60 miscreants were killed and (the) rest of them dispersed." Militants ambushed a convoy moving from the main town of Wana, in the Chaghmalai area of South Waziristan, prompting a fierce-one hour gunbattle. Between 20 and 30 rebels were killed. Security forces captured 40 militants in the Chaghmalai area. 2 Sunni extremists on death row for a 2004 attack on a procession that killed 42 Shiites escaped from their cell in southwest Baluchistan province.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/18/08)(Reuters, 1/19/08)

2008        Jan 20, Pakistan villagers said army helicopter gunships launched strikes in an area regarded as a stronghold of a Taliban commander linked with the assassination of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 1/20/08)

2008        Jan 21, President Pervez Musharraf in Brussels pledged to hold free elections as he began a European trip aimed at bolstering outside support, but urged the West not to hold Pakistan to unrealistic rights standards.
    (Reuters, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 22, An influential group of retired officers from Pakistan's powerful military urged President Pervez Musharraf to immediately step down, saying his resignation would promote democracy and help combat religious militancy. Islamic militants in Pakistan attacked a fort near the Afghan border, one of two clashes with government forces that left seven troops and 37 fighters dead. In Europe, President Pervez Musharraf said border attacks were "pinpricks" that his government must manage.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 1/23/08)

2008        Jan 24, Pakistani troops backed by tanks and gunships cleared militant hideouts near the Afghan border in a major offensive that left ten soldiers and 40 rebels dead.
    (AP, 1/24/08)

2008        Jan 25, Pakistani troops battled Islamic militants during a search for several hijacked trucks full of ammunition, with up to 30 rebels and two soldiers killed. Militants said only a few fighters were killed along with 6 Pakistani soldiers.
    (AFP, 1/25/08)(SFC, 1/26/08, p.A6)

2008        Jan 27, In northwest Pakistan security forces retook the Kohat Tunnel, which was captured a day earlier, and killed at least 24 militants.
    (SFC, 1/28/08, p.A12)

2008        Jan 28, In London demonstrators staged noisy protests as Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf held talks with PM Gordon Brown, amid criticism over human rights and concern over elections.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, Pakistani authorities found the body of Keith Ryan (37), a US immigration and customs enforcement attache, with a bullet wound in his head at his home in Islamabad and were investigating a suspected case of suicide. A US missile from a Predator drone destroyed a suspected militant hideout in Torkhali village in North Waziristan, killing 12 people inside. Later reports said there were seven Arabs and six Central Asians killed. Abu Laith al-Libi, a top al-Qaida commander, was among the dead.
    (Reuters, 1/28/08)(Reuters, 1/31/08)(AP, 1/31/08)

2008        Jan 29, Pakistanís President Pervez Musharraf returned home after a weeklong trip to Europe. Security forces exchanged gunfire with Islamic militants holed up at a house in Karachi, with 3 militants and two policemen dead. A fourth militant, who was wounded in the shootout, died later in the day. Hundreds of students in Miran Shah protested Pakistan's support for the US-led war on terror.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Jan 30, In Pakistan 3 suspected militants allegedly planning suicide attacks died when a bomb detonated early in Miran Shah.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Jan 31, Thousands of Pakistani lawyers burned effigies of President Pervez Musharraf during nationwide protests to press for the release of the country's deposed chief justice. Two Pakistani soldiers were killed and two others wounded when a bomb exploded near their convoy in Wana in South Waziristan.
    (AFP, 1/31/08)(AP, 2/1/08)

2008        Feb 1, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a military checkpoint in North Waziristan, killing five government soldiers about two miles from the scene of a US missile attack that had killed a top al-Qaida commander.
    (AP, 2/1/08)

2008        Feb 2, A police raid in Pakistan's northwest triggered a shootout that killed two officers and three militants and led the insurgents to use women and children as human shields.
    (AP, 2/2/08)

2008        Feb 4, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to exchange security information, opening up a new channel of communication between the two nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AFP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, In Pakistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike rammed into a minibus carrying security personnel, detonating a blast that killed at least six people and wounded more than 30 in the latest attack in the Pakistani garrison city of Rawalpindi.
    (AP, 2/4/08)

2008        Feb 6, A coalition of Taliban militants in northwestern Pakistan declared an "indefinite" cease-fire in fighting against security forces. The government said it was preparing for peace talks. A Pakistani army helicopter crashed in the same region, killing three generals and five other soldiers. Gunmen on a motorbike shot dead a ethnic Pashtun politician in the southern Pakistani port city of Karachi, raising tensions ahead of elections later this month.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(AFP, 2/6/08)

2008        Feb 7, Pakistani police arrested two suspects in the suicide attack that killed opposition leader Benazir Bhutto. A team from Scotland Yard returned to Pakistan to report the conclusions of their probe into the assassination. 3 men were killed and 13 others wounded when a bomb exploded in southwestern Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 2/7/08)

2008        Feb 8, Scotland Yard released a report saying that Pakistan's opposition leader Benazir Bhutto died as a result of a suicide bomb blast, not a gunshot. The findings supported the Pakistani government's version of the events.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 9, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber struck at an election rally in Peshawar, killing 27 people and wounding more than 25.
    (AP, 2/9/08)(AP, 2/10/08)

2008        Feb 11, Pakistani security forces critically wounded Mansoor Dadullah, a top figure in the Taliban militia, among six militants captured after a firefight near the border. Nisar Ali Khan, an independent candidate running in next week's parliamentary elections, was killed along with seven supporters in a suicide attack in North Waziristan. Pakistani lawyers began a nationwide boycott of the courts to pressure the president to reinstate senior judges he sacked under a state of emergency more than three months ago. Pakistani envoy, Tariq Azizuddin, was heading to the Afghan capital Kabul with his driver when they disappeared in the lawless Khyber tribal district. Azizuddin was released on May 17. 2 technicians from the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission were abducted by masked men in the country's northwest.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(AFP, 2/12/08)(AP, 5/17/08)

2008        Feb 12, In Pakistan new army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani ordered the withdrawal of military officers from the governmentís civil departments.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.A4)

2008        Feb 13, In Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded as a crowd was leaving a political rally in the Swat Valley, killing one man and wounding a candidate for next week's elections.
    (AP, 2/13/08)

2008        Feb 16, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed a car packed with explosives into an independent parliament candidate's election office, killing at least 40 people and wounding more than 90 days before a crucial vote. A second car bombing near a checkpoint killed two civilians and wounded eight security personnel.
    (AP, 2/16/08)(AP, 2/17/08)

2008        Feb 17, In southwest Pakistan a military pickup truck struck a land mine that killed four troops and wounded two others. The Baluch Republican Army, a little known rebel group, claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 2/17/08)

2008        Feb 18, Pakistanis voted for a new parliament in elections shadowed by fears of violence and questions about the political survival of President Pervez Musharraf. 56% of the votes cast in Baluchistan province were fake.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A4)

2008        Feb 19, Pakistan's ruling party conceded defeat after opposition parties routed allies of President Pervez Musharraf in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 2/19/08)

2008        Feb 22, In Pakistan roadside bomb exploded as a wedding party was passing nearby in the volatile northwest, killing at least 10 people and wounding four others.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 25, In Pakistan a suicide bomber hit a car carrying Lt. Gen. Mushtaq Ahmed Baig,  the army's surgeon general, in Rawalpindi, killing him along with at least seven other people. Gunmen opened fire and hurled grenades at the office of a British-run aid group in northwest Pakistan, killing at least four local staff and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 2/25/08)(AFP, 2/25/08)

2008        Feb 28, In Pakistan a predawn explosion killed up to 12 suspected militants in South Waziristan. A US drone was suspected.
    (SFC, 2/29/08, p.A10)

2008        Feb 29, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least 44 people and injured up to 90 in Peshawar. In the Swat Valley a police officer was killed in the northwestern Lakki Marwat district in a bomb blast along with three others. Later in the day during funeral ceremonies a suicide bomber rammed his car into a security vehicle, killing a civilian, a security official and injuring 21 others.
    (AFP, 3/1/08)

2008        Feb, A Pakistani military assault into the Mehsud territory of South Waziristan was unaccountably called off after it killed over 1,000 Mehsud and Uzbek fighters.
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.36)
2008        Feb, Turkey and Pakistan signed agreements to produce cluster bomb munitions.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.80)

2008        Mar 1, In Pakistan police formally charged top Pakistani Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud with plotting the murder of Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 3/1/08)

2008        Mar 2, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at a large meeting called by tribal elders pushing for peace, killing at least 40 people and injuring more than 100 in Darra Adam Khel in North West Frontier Province about 25 miles south of Peshawar.
    (AP, 3/2/08)

2008        Mar 4, In Pakistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up at a prestigious naval college in the eastern city of Lahore, killing at least five people and injuring 19.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 5, In Pakistan a court quashed corruption cases against Asif Ali Zardari, the husband of slain former PM Benazir Bhutto. In the North West Frontier (NWFP) the Awami National Party (ANP) signed a provincial power sharing agreement with the Pakistan Peopleís Party.
    (AP, 3/5/08)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.46)

2008        Mar 6, A massive power outage struck Pakistan's largest city of Karachi and left the entire city of more than 15 million people without electricity.
    (AP, 3/6/08)

2008        Mar 9, Former Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif said he would join the late Benazir Bhutto's party in a coalition, raising the prospect of a government hostile to President Pervez Musharraf. Asif Zardari and Nawaz Sharif declared they would work together in what came to be called the Murree declaration.
    (Reuters, 3/9/08)(Econ, 3/15/08, p.52)

2008        Mar 11, In Lahore, Pakistan, massive suicide bombs ripped through a seven-story police headquarters and a business, killing 27 people and wounding more than 200 others in attacks that deepened the security crisis. The wounded included 32 girls who were hit by flying debris at a school near the police building.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)

2008        Mar 12, US-led forces in Afghanistan fired a missile into Pakistan that killed 4 women and 2 boys. Pakistan lodged a protest the next day with coalition forces in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A17)

2008        Mar 13, In Pakistan more than 1,000 tribesmen protested against the killing of eight civilians by Pakistani forces this week in the lawless Bajaur tribal region.
    (AP, 3/13/08)

2008        Mar 15, In Pakistan a bomb struck an Italian restaurant crowded with foreigners, killing a Turkish aid worker and wounding at least 12 other people.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 16, In Pakistan a drone dropped 7 missiles on a compound outside Wana in South Waziristan, killing at least 20 people.
    (AP, 3/16/08)(SFC, 3/17/08, p.A9)

2008        Mar 19, Legislators elected Pakistan's first female speaker of parliament, seating Fehmida Mirza, a follower and lookalike of assassinated former PM Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 20, A suicide car bomb killed five Pakistani soldiers and wounded nine others near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/20/08)

2008        Mar 21, Pakistani troops shut down three FM radio stations and arrested eight employees after the stations aired a speech by a pro-Taliban cleric.
    (AP, 3/21/08)

2008        Mar 23, In Pakistan 25 trucks carrying fuel to US-led forces in Afghanistan were destroyed in a possible bomb attack near the Torkham customs post. At least 50 people were injured.
    (SFC, 3/24/08, p.A12)

2008        Mar 24, Pakistan's National Assembly elected as prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani, a top official in assassinated former PM Benazir Bhutto's party. Gilani ordered the release of all judges detained after President Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency rule last year.
    (Reuters, 3/24/08)(AFP, 3/24/08)

2008        Mar 27, Suspected militants attacked an ambulance in a Pakistani tribal region on the Afghan border killing at least six people, including two paramilitary soldiers. A gunman on a motorcycle has fatally shot two anti-terrorism officials in the southern city of Karachi.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Mar 29, Afghan, US and Pakistani officers opened the first of six joint military intelligence centers along the Afghan-Pakistan border, an effort to cut down on militants' movement in a region of rising terrorist activity.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Apr 8, In Pakistan a gas leak sparked an explosion and fire at a nuclear plant that is believed to produce enriched plutonium for the countryís atomic weapons program. Two workers were killed.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2008        Apr 9, In Pakistan a street fight between pro- and anti-government attorneys broke out in Karachi leaving 7 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.A9)

2008        Apr 10, In Pakistan Ahmad Shah, a Taliban commander also known as Mullah Ismail, was killed in a shootout with security forces near Peshawar. He  was blamed for the deadliest attack on US troops since they entered Afghanistan in 2001.
    (AP, 4/18/08)

2008        Apr 14, In Multan, Pakistan, a crowd protesting power cuts rioted in the home city of the new prime minister, ransacking the office of the state electricity company, torching a bank and leaving at least 13 people injured. The protest was organized by a textile industry association, which had set April 13 as a deadline for the electricity company to reduce power outages, known locally as load-shedding.
    (AP, 4/14/08)

2008        Apr 16, In Pakistan runners carried the Olympic flame around the outside of a sports stadium, an invitation-only event in front of an elite, sparse crowd with heavy security to deter any anti-China protesters or terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 4/16/08)

2008        Apr 19,     Pakistan's ambassador to Afghanistan, who went missing in February in the Khyber region, appeared on Arabic television saying he was being held by the Taliban and urged Islamabad to meet their demands.
    (AP, 4/19/08)

2008        Apr 20, In Pakistan gunmen riding a motorcycle killed three paramilitary soldiers in an ambush in the town of Hub.
    (AP, 4/21/08)

2008        Apr 21,     A prison official says Pakistan has ordered the release of Sufi Muhammad, a pro-Taliban leader who sent thousands of fighters against the US-led invasion of Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/21/08)

2008        Apr 23, Officials and a rebel spokesman said Pakistan's new government has drafted a peace agreement with Taliban militants in its troubled tribal belt bordering Afghanistan. A militant letter attributed to Baitullah Mehsud, a Pakistani Al-Qaeda warlord accused of ordering Benazir Bhutto's assassination, told followers to halt attacks amid peace talks with the government.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(AP, 4/24/08)

2008        Apr 25, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb killed three people, despite calls from Taliban leaders asking Islamic militants to refrain from attacks amid efforts by the new government to reach peace deals in the region.
    (AP, 4/25/08)

2008        Apr 27, Suspected Taliban militants attacked the Mujahideen Day parade attended by the Afghan president, unleashing automatic weapons fire that sent foreign dignitaries and senior members of the government fleeing for cover. 3 people, including a lawmaker, were killed and 8 were wounded. Pres. Karzai later appeared on television saying several suspects in the attack had been arrested. The Afghan government later accused the Pakistani intelligence service of organizing the plot to assassinate Pres. Karzai. Taliban militants attacked an Australian patrol with automatic rifles and rocket propelled grenades in southern Afghanistan, and the ensuing battle left one of the commandos dead and four others wounded.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.50)(SFC, 6/26/08, p.A10)

2008        Apr 28, Baitullah Mehsud, a Pakistani Taliban commander, pulled out of a peace deal with the government after it refused to withdraw the army from tribal lands on the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 4/28/08)

2008        May 3, In southern Pakistan thousands of Islamists rallied to condemn an anti-Koran film by a Dutch lawmaker and cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed in Danish newspapers.
    (AFP, 5/3/08)

2008        May 6, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber riding a rickshaw attacked a police checkpoint and gunmen fired on officers guarding a bank, killing five people and testing the new government's fledgling peace process.
    (AP, 5/6/08)

2008        May 9, In northwest Pakistan suspected Islamic militants killed a policeman and injured two other police officers in a rocket attack.
    (AP, 5/9/08)

2008        May 10, In northwest Pakistan gunmen killed a Shiite Muslim shop owner and two of his customers in an apparent sectarian attack in Dera Ismail Khan.
    (AP, 5/10/08)

2008        May 12, The Commonwealth re-admitted Pakistan as a full member after a six-month suspension triggered by a clampdown by President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AFP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif pulled his party out of Pakistan's six-week-old coalition government, plunging the volatile Muslim nation back into political uncertainty.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, The Canadian Federal Court said that Pakistan appears to have received a $500,000 bounty from the United States for the capture of Abdullah Khadr, a Canadian wanted on charges of working with al Qaeda against US forces in Afghanistan. Khadr was arrested in Pakistan in 2004 and sent back to Canada in 2005.
    (Reuters, 5/13/08)

2008        May 14, In Pakistan a number of foreign militants were killed when 2 missiles hit a house in the village of Damadola in the Bajaur tribal region. The US missile strike killed al-Qaida operative Abu Suleiman al Jaziery and at least 14 others. Some of the dead were civilians. Authorities freed militants and started to pull troops from a tribal region in a bid to make peace with Islamic fighters. Suspected Islamic militants soon killed a Pakistani soldier in revenge for the US missile strike near the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 5/15/08)(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)(AP, 5/16/08)(WSJ, 5/20/08, p.A14)

2008        May 16, Pakistan's ambassador to Afghanistan was freed unharmed three months after he vanished in a tribal area in the border region. Tariq Azizuddin had disappeared Feb. 11 along with his driver and bodyguard as they drove from Peshawar toward the border.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(SSFC, 5/18/08, p.A9)

2008        May 18, Pakistani Taliban carried out a suicide attack in the northwestern city of Mardan. 13 people were killed there in revenge for an earlier suspected US missile strike on a rebel hideout at Damadola.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 21, Pakistan's government promised to "gradually" pull out troops from the northwestern valley of Swat after signing a peace agreement with Taliban militants.
    (Reuters, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, India and Pakistan signed a pact in Islamabad granting consular access to prisoners in each other's jails but reported no significant progress in negotiations on the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/21/08)

2008        May 22, In Pakistan unidentified gunmen shot dead Muhammad Ibrahim (44), a reporter for Urdu-language Express newspaper, after he interviewed a spokesman for Taliban militants in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 24, Top Pakistani Taliban warlord Baitullah Mehsud said jihad, or holy war, would continue in Afghanistan, despite peace negotiations between the militants and Islamabad. Separate roadside bomb attacks in Pakistan's volatile northwest killed three people, including a local police chief.
    (AFP, 5/24/08)

2008        May 25, In Pakistan officials said heavy rains have killed at least 10 people in the northwest, including six children who died when part of their mud house collapsed.
    (AP, 5/25/08)

2008        May 26, In northwest Pakistan gunmen fired on a vehicle carrying Shiite Muslims, killing four people before fleeing in what appeared to be a sectarian attack,
    (AP, 5/26/08)

2008        May 28, Former PM Nawaz Sharif said Pakistan's ruling coalition has agreed to expel US-backed President Pervez Musharraf from power.
    (AFP, 5/28/08)

2008        Jun 2, In Pakistan a huge car bomb exploded outside the Danish Embassy in Islamabad, killed 8 people and wounded dozens more. Danish security said that al-Qaida or an al-Qaida-related group likely was behind the attack. Evidence indicated that a suicide bomber drove the car.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(SFC, 6/4/08, p.A6)

2008        Jun 4, Officials said Pakistanís PM Yousuf Raza Gilani has moved suspend peace negotiations with tribal groups along the border with Afghanistan, until they agree to new conditions including the cessation of all activities in Afghanistan. In northwest Pakistan a bomb explosion ripped through a video shop in a business center, killing 3 people and wounding 3.
    (WSJ, 6/5/08, p.A8)(AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 5, Pakistani authorities arrested three suspected suicide bombers and seized more than a ton of explosives in a suspected terror plot near Islamabad.
    (AP, 6/6/08)

2008        Jun 10, In Pakistan a US airstrike killed 11 Pakistani troops and frayed ties between the two nations. Pakistan said the soldiers died when US aircraft bombed their border post in the Mohmand tribal region.

2008        Jun 12, Thousands of Pakistani lawyers and activists gathered for a "long march" from Lahore to Islamabad to demand the restoration of judges sacked by Pres. Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 6/12/08)

2008        Jun 14, Pakistan's main ruling party said it will reinstate judges ousted by President Pervez Musharraf only after it has overcome legal obstacles following a massive rally calling for their restoration.
    (AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai threatened to send Afghan troops across the border to fight militants in Pakistan, a forceful warning to insurgents and the Pakistani government that his country is fed up with cross-border attacks.
    (AP, 6/15/08)

2008        Jun 16, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a Shiite mosque in the northwestern town of Dera Ismail Khan, killing four worshippers.
    (AP, 6/17/08)

2008        Jun 17, In northwestern Pakistan gunmen killed four Shiite Muslims.
    (AP, 6/17/08)

2008        Jun 21, In Afghanistan 5 foreign troops including a Polish national were slain in bombings, extending a series of daily attacks that have lifted the death toll for foreign forces this year to more than 100. In separate incidents attackers detonated bombs and opened fire on vehicles carrying Afghan troops in Zabul and Kunar provinces, killing five soldiers and wounding three. Rockets fired from Pakistan hit a village in eastern Afghanistan killing a woman and three children, one of three cross-border attacks around the same late evening time. A total of 27 rockets were fired from Pakistan to the Afghan provinces of Paktika and Khost. Afghan troops responded by firing 19 artillery rounds from Khost and nine rounds from Paktika which landed in Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(Reuters, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 21, Sean Langan (43), British freelance television journalist, was released by kidnappers along the Afghan-Pakistan border after being held for 3 months. Langan has spent the last few years making films about Afghanistan, Iraq and Zimbabwe, and his documentary "Fighting the Taliban" was short-listed for a Bafta this year.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 22, Suspected Taliban rebels kidnapped 17 tribal policemen near Pakistan's Khyber pass, the latest incident on the main supply route for international forces in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jun 23, A Pakistani court disqualified former prime minister Nawaz Sharif from contesting a by-election for a seat in the National Assembly later this week.
    (AP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jun 25, In northwest Pakistan the bullet-riddled bodies of at least 22 captives were found along the Tank-Jandola road. Militants loyal to Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud had taken captives from a rival, pro-government faction, headed by Turkistan Bitani in fighting that began on June 23.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 27, A gang of Pakistani militants in the Bajur region executed two Afghan prisoners in front of thousands of cheering supporters, beheading Jan Wali (36) and shooting the other after accusing them of aiding a US missile strike. Celebratory gunfire then killed two bystanders and wounded six.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A5)

2008        Jun 28, Pakistani forces bombarded suspected militant hideouts with mortar shells as the government launched a major offensive against Taliban fighters near Peshawar, the main city in the country's volatile northwest.
    (Reuters, 6/28/08)

2008        Jun 29, Pakistan's government claimed that it had saved the northwestern city of Peshawar from militants, as troops pushed forward on the second day of a major offensive against the rebels.
    (AFP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 30, In Pakistan an explosion killed six people at the house of Militant chief Haji Namdar in the northwestern Khyber tribal district, on the third day of a government offensive. Richard Boucher, the US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia, flew into Islamabad for talks with PM Yousuf Raza Gilani and other senior officials.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jul 1, Pakistani forces destroyed a major militant compound in the Khyber tribal region. The site served as key headquarters for the banned Lashkar-e-Islam.
    (SFC, 7/2/08, p.A3)

2008        Jul 4, In Pakistan a bomb exploded on a busy street in the southwestern city of Quetta, killing a 4-year old girl and wounding 11 other people.
    (AP, 7/4/08)

2008        Jul 5, Pakistan's Foreign Ministry insisted that its nuclear proliferation case was closed, a day after the disgraced architect of its atomic program claimed the army under President Pervez Musharraf helped spread the technology to North Korea in 2000. A government official said Pakistani security forces have eased an operation against insurgents in a tribal region near the border with Afghanistan as local elders try to negotiate peace with a militant leader.
    (AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 6, In Pakistan a two-story apartment building collapsed in the port city of Karachi, killing eight people, including a toddler. A suicide attacker detonated explosives near a police station in Islamabad, killing at least 15 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 7/6/08)

2008        Jul 7, In Pakistan a total of seven small blasts left 43 people wounded in the commercial capital of Karachi.
    (AP, 7/8/08)

2008        Jul 8, In northwest Pakistan unknown assailants fired on a vehicle carrying tribal police forces, killing four and wounding seven.
    (AP, 7/808)

2008        Jul 9, Tribal elders and Pakistani authorities struck a deal aimed at bringing peace to a militant-infested northwest region where a paramilitary offensive has tried to flush out insurgents. Police captured Rafiuddin, an aide to top commander Baitullah Mehsud, along with four associates they traveled in a vehicle through the town of Hangu in the South Waziristan region.
    (AP, 7/9/08)(AP, 7/10/08)

2008        Jul 10, In Pakistan six mortar rounds appeared to have targeted a military post in Angore Adda in South Waziristan, seriously wounding six Pakistani troops, lightly wounding two other troops and also injuring two civilians in a nearby market.
    (AP, 7/12/08)

2008        Jul 12, NATO said a recent border clash that wounded several Pakistani and Afghan security personnel was sparked by insurgents in Afghanistan who fired at targets in both countries, apparently to stoke cross-border tensions.
    (AP, 7/12/08)
2008        Jul 12, In northwestern Pakistan at least 13 paramilitary forces and three militants were killed in an ambush and shootout when militants attacked a Frontier Constabulary convoy in the Zargari area of Hangu district. Provincial police in Hangu arrested half a dozen Taliban including Rafiuddin, a lieutenant of Baitullah Mehsud. The militants in response captured 29-49 hostages.
    (AP, 7/13/08)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A5)

2008        Jul 16, In southwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb wounded seven security personnel and two passers-by. In the northwest a military operation began to expel insurgents from Zargari. 10 militants were killed and five troops wounded.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(AP, 7/18/08)

2008        Jul 17, Violent protests erupted at Pakistan's main stock market as growing economic and political uncertainty pushed Pakistani shares to a new 18-month low.
    (AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 18, In northwestern Pakistan, at least 10 Taliban died in fierce fighting between two rival militant groups. The Taliban threatened to begin executing hostages captured on July 12 unless the government releases their comrades.
    (AP, 7/19/08)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A5)

2008        Jul 19, In Pakistan paramilitary forces stumbled on 2 training camps near Dera Bugti in Baluchistan province. 6 troops and an unknown number of ethnic Baluch insurgents died in fighting that began when militants fired on patrolling security forces.
    (WSJ, 7/22/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 19, Mullah Rahim, the most senior Taliban leader in Afghanistan's Helmand province, gave himself up to Pakistani officials.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 20, In Pakistan five militants died in a failed assault on the Tora Warai military fort near Hangu. The army said security forces had killed 15 militants and detained 60 others, in the first major action against insurgents under Pakistan's new government.
    (AP, 7/20/08)

2008        Jul 21, A Pakistani court barred the disgraced architect of Pakistan's atomic weapons program from speaking about nuclear proliferation, less than three weeks after he implicated the army in the sharing of nuclear technology with North Korea. Intelligence officials in Quetta said at least 30 insurgents, including three rebel commanders, had been killed. Suspected Islamic militants shot dead a pro-government tribal chief and wounded three other people in an attack on the outskirts of Khar near Pakistan's border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/21/08)(AFP, 7/21/08)
2008        Jul 21, Pakistanís Geo TV broadcasted a recent interview with Mustafa Abu al-Yazeed, a senior al-Qaida leader. He urged Pakistanis to help Afghans fight US-led coalition forces and condemned President Pervez Musharraf for arresting Arab and Afghan fighters and handing them over to Washington.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 23, An international rights group pressed Pakistan's new government to quickly investigate the disappearance of hundreds of people allegedly rounded up by security agencies as part of the anti-terror campaign.
    (AP, 7/23/08)

2008        Jul 24, The US confirmed that it planned to shift 230 million dollars in aid to Pakistan from counter-terrorism programs to upgrading the country's F-16 fighter jets.
    (AFP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 25, In northwestern Pakistan militants blew up a girls school and 10 shops in 2 separate areas of the Swat valley. There were no casualties.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 26, In Pakistan 3 soldiers and at least 12 suspected insurgents were killed in fighting after the militants ambushed a convoy in the Dera Bugti district of Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 7/27/08)

2008        Jul 28, Pres. Bush met with Pakistanís new PM Yousaf Raza Gilani at the White House and they agreed to battle terrorists in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/29/08, p.A10)
2008        Jul 28, A suspected US missile strike on a Pakistani madrassa killed six people, including foreigners. Pakistani security officials said Al-Qaeda chemical weapons expert Midhat Mursi al-Sayid Umar (54) was believed to have been killed in the US missile strike in the South Waziristan tribal district. The Egyptian, also known as Abu Khabab al-Masri, had a five-million-US-dollar bounty on his head and allegedly ran terrorist training camps in Afghanistan. In Kohat a bomb rigged to a bicycle killed a teenage boy and wounded 12 policemen. Pakistani Taliban militants shot dead three intelligence officials near Mingora, the main town in Swat. The Taliban later confirmed that al-Masri had been killed along with 3 other commanders.
    (Reuters, 7/28/08)(AFP, 7/28/08)(AP, 7/28/08)(AFP, 7/29/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Jul 29, Pakistani Taliban militants killed 3 soldiers, including an army captain, and kidnapped 30 security forces from a police station in the northwestern Swat Valley.
    (AFP, 7/29/08)(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 29, Indian and Pakistani soldiers traded fire across the heavily armed Kashmir frontier for more than 12 hours overnight and into the day in what the Indian army called the worst violation of a 2003 cease-fire agreement between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Jul 30, The NY Times reported that  a top Central Intelligence Agency official has traveled to Islamabad and confronted senior officials with evidence of ties between Pakistan's spy agency and militants operating in that country's tribal areas.
    (Reuters, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, In Pakistan fierce fighting erupted in the restive Swat valley, killing 25 militants and four soldiers and undermining the government's strategy of offering peace deals to pro-Taliban insurgents. Sher Ali, an insurgent commander known as Mullah Toor, was killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/30/08)(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A12)

2008        Jul 31, A mortar shell hit a house in the Swat valley where Pakistani security forces are battling Islamic militants, killing a family of seven. Another 10 civilians died in fighting in the region. Militants torched a nearby girls school.
    (AP, 7/31/08)(SFC, 8/1/08, p.A10)
2008        Jul 29, The US Senateís Foreign Relations Committee voted to triple Americaís non-military assistance to Pakistan to $1.5 billion a year.
    (Econ, 8/9/08, p.39)

2008        Aug 1, In northwestern Pakistan about 35 militants kidnapped 2 policemen on the outskirts of Khar.
    (AP, 8/1/08)

2008        Aug 2, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a bridge, killing at least nine security forces in the Swat valley, where Pakistani troops are battling Islamic militants.
    (AP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 2, In Pakistan 22 climbers, mostly foreigners, reached the summit of K-2, the world's second-highest mountain, but an ice avalanche struck them during their descent. At least 11 of the mountaineers were killed.
    (AP, 8/3/08)(AFP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 2, In Sri Lanka a two-day summit of leaders of the 15th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), opened amid extraordinary security. Leaders of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, The Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka attended the summit. Government troops captured rebel-held Vellankulam village in Mannar, the last rebel stronghold in the area. Fresh fighting between Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger separatists killed 14 rebels and two soldiers across the embattled northern region.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 3, In Sri Lanka the South Asian summit ended. Tensions between India and Pakistan overshadowed the summit, but the two nuclear-armed rivals vowed to work together and save a tenuous peace process. A draft summit declaration called for collective action to combat "all forms of terrorist violence" that was threatening their "peace, stability and security." The leaders also agreed to implement a regional trade pact, signed in 1995 but never fully implemented.
    (AFP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 4, In Pakistan a remote-controlled bomb explosion struck a military convoy and wounded eight soldiers in South Waziristan. Militants torched four girls' schools, a health office and a forestry office. A senior officer said that over the past week 94 Islamist militants were killed and 14 soldiers lost in fighting in the northwestern Swat valley. At least 25 civilians and eight policemen were also killed in the fighting. Brigadier Zia Bodla said the army planned a major operation against the insurgents.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)

2008        Aug 5, Officials in Pakistan said floods triggered by heavy monsoon rains have destroyed thousands of homes and caused at least 27 deaths in the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani woman once identified as a possible al-Qaida associate, was extradited from Afghanistan and arraigned in New York on charges that she tried to kill US agents and military officers. Siddiqui was educated at Brandeis and MIT and fled to Pakistan after 9/11 because of anti-Muslim sentiment. She and her children dropped out of sight in March 2003, after 9/11 mastermind Khalid sheikh Mohammed mentioned her name during an interrogation. She was arrested by Afghan police on July 17, who found recipes for explosives and descriptions of New York landmarks in her handbag. Siddiqui is the wife of Ammar al-Baluchi, a nephew of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who was believed to be the chief planner of the Sep 11, 2001, attacks.
    (SFC, 8/6/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A7)(SSFC, 8/24/08, p.A5)

2008        Aug 6, Pakistani Pres. Pervez Musharraf abruptly canceled then reinstated his trip to the Olympic Games as local media reported that the ruling coalition had agreed on steps to remove him. 9 militants including Ali Bakht, a top-ranking militant, were killed and many injured during a search and cordon operation conducted by security forces in the Kabal district of the Swat valley. Two insurgents died when the explosive device they were planting in a female educational institution exploded prematurely in Kabal sub-district. 3 civilians died in the various parts of the Swat district when stray mortar rounds hit their houses. An attack on a Pakistani military checkpost by some 200 pro-Taliban militants triggered intense fighting that killed 25 insurgents and two paramilitary soldiers near the Afghan border.
    (AFP, 8/6/08)(http://tinyurl.com/6bwtwo)(AP, 8/7/08)

2008        Aug 7, Pakistan's ruling coalition announced plans to seek the impeachment of Pres. Pervez Musharraf, alleging the US-backed former general had "eroded the trust of the nation" during his eight years in power. Musharraf cancelled his trip to the Olympics in Beijing.
    (AP, 8/7/08)(SFC, 8/8/08, p.A2)

2008        Aug 8, In Pakistan at least seven Pakistani troops and 30 militants were reported killed in two days of clashes at Loisam and its surrounding areas in the Bajaur tribal district. Insurgents stormed a police post in Buner and killed 8 police officers.
    (AFP, 8/8/08)(SSFC, 8/10/08, p.A11)

2008        Aug 10, Pakistani forces bombed dozens of houses in Bajur, a tribal region near the Afghan border, amid reports that days of clashes have killed at least 100 insurgents and nine paramilitary troops. Pakistani forces pulled out of Bajur after 3 days of fighting. A Taliban spokesman said as many as 100 Pakistani paramilitary troops were killed. Officials acknowledged that 55 were missing.
    (AP, 8/10/08)(SSFC, 8/11/08, p.A11)

2008        Aug 11, Pakistani forces trained gunfire and dropped bombs on Islamic militants in and around the main town of a tribal region next to the Afghan border, forcing thousands of residents to flee. The bodies of two men beheaded by militants were found about 12 miles north of Khar along with a note accusing them of spying for US and Pakistani authorities. In Peshawar an explosion killed one man and wounded another apparently as they were planting a bomb near a private clinic.
    (AP, 8/11/08)

2008        Aug 12, A roadside bomb destroyed an air force truck on a bridge in Pakistan's volatile northwest and killed up to 14 people. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, calling it "an open war" and retaliation for recent military operations in the region. A suspected American missile strike targeting an alleged militant gathering point killed at least nine people, including foreigners near Angore Adda in the South Waziristan. Two intelligence officials said between 22 and 25 people died, including Arabs, Turkmen and Pakistani militants.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(AP, 8/13/08)(SFC, 8/14/08, p.A2)

2008        Aug 13, In Lahore, Pakistan, a bomber struck outside a mosque just before midnight as Pakistanis poured into the streets to celebrate the nation's 61st anniversary of its independence from Britain. 8 people were killed and 18 wounded.
    (AP, 8/14/08)

2008        Aug 14, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani said in an Independence Day speech that the country must defeat extremism to survive. Officials said some 135,000 residents have fled a Pakistani tribal area bordering Afghanistan to escape clashes between troops and Taliban militants that have left scores dead.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AFP, 8/14/08)

2008        Aug 15, Coalition government officials said Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf is ready to resign rather than face impeachment, but is seeking immunity from prosecution and agreement on a safe place to live. President Pervez Musharraf's spokesman rejected reports that the embattled Pakistani leader was set to resign. Pakistan's interior ministry chief said that over 460 Islamic militants and 22 soldiers have been killed in more than a week of fighting in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 8/15/08)(AFP, 8/15/08)(AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 16, A top ruling party official gave Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf a two-day deadline to quit or face impeachment proceedings.
    (AP, 8/16/08)

2008        Aug 18, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announced that he will resign, just days ahead of impeachment in parliament over attempts by the US-backed leader to impose authoritarian rule on his turbulent nation.
    (AP, 8/18/08)

2008        Aug 19, Pakistan's ruling coalition met to discuss a replacement for President Pervez Musharraf. A suicide bomber killed 23 people at a hospital in a northwestern town in the first attack since Musharraf stepped down. 5 soldiers and 13 Taliban militants died in clashes in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 8/19/08)

2008        Aug 20, Pakistanís security officials said missiles fired from Afghanistan hit a militant hideout in Pakistan's tribal belt, killing at least eight people including some foreign extremists.
    (AFP, 8/20/08)

2008        Aug 21, In Pakistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up outside the countryís main defense industry complex in Wah, killing at least 67 people with 102 wounded.
    (Reuters, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 23, Pakistani troops pounded Islamic militants in the volatile northwest, killing 37 in retaliation for suicide attacks that have put pressure on the new government to counter a growing extremist threat. 2 soldiers were killed. A civilian and her four children were killed when security forces fired a mortar that accidentally hit a home in Khar, near the Afghan border. A car packed with explosives rammed into a police station in Swat, a former tourist destination, killing six officers and injuring several others. A roadside bomb in the nearby village of Bari Kot killed one civilian and injured four.
    (AP, 8/23/08)

2008        Aug 24, Pakistan rejected a ceasefire offered by Taliban militants in the tribal belt near the Afghan border as troops in the last 24 hours killed seven rebel fighters. Officials said that Taliban militants in the area had slit the throat of a 35-year-old man after accusing him of spying for US troops across the border in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 8/24/08)

2008        Aug 25, Former PM Nawaz Sharif said he is withdrawing his party from Pakistan's ruling coalition because it has failed to restore judges ousted by ex-President Pervez Musharraf. Pakistan banned the Taliban, toughening its stance after the Islamic militant group claimed responsibility for deadly suicide bombings against one of its most sensitive military installations. 8 people were killed in a pre-dawn rocket-and-bomb strike on the home of provincial lawmaker Waqar Ahmed Khan in Swat. A Geneva prosecutor dropped money laundering charges against Asif Ali Zardari, head of the Pakistan Peopleís Party.
    (AP, 8/25/08)(SFC, 8/26/08, p.A15)

2008        Aug 26, In Pakistan an explosion on the outskirts of Islamabad killed at least seven people and wounded 20. Around midnight 75-100 militants attacked the Tiarza Fort. The attack was repulsed with 11 militants killed.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(SFC, 8/28/08, p.A5)

2008        Aug 27, In Pakistan security forces clashed with militants across the wild tribal belt, trading fire with insurgents in a health center and repelling a major assault on an outpost in a region known as an al-Qaida safe haven. Officials claimed as many as 49 insurgents died as the fighting spread from the Swat Valley and Bajur to South Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(SFC, 8/28/08, p.A5)
2008        Aug 27, In Indian-administered Kashmir police traded fire with militants allegedly holding 8 people hostage, including 6 children, in a building in Jammu. 3 soldiers and 3 civilians died in the violence. The militants had illegally crossed into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Aug 28, A bomb near the city of Bannu blew a bus carrying Pakistani police and government workers off a high bridge, killing at least 11, as fighting between security forces and extremists flared across the country's northwest.
    (AP, 8/28/08)(WSJ, 8/29/08, p.A10)

2008        Aug 29, Fighter jets bombed Taliban hide-outs in Pakistan's Swat Valley while troops pushed into militant territory on the ground, killing at least 40 insurgents in a 24-hour siege.
    (AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 30, In Pakistan a blast ripped through a home in Wana, a main town in the South Waziristan tribal region, killing at least five militants.
    (AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 31, Pakistan said it will suspend its military operations against insurgents in a tribal region along the Afghan border in honor of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Pakistani Taliban said they will continue attacks during Ramadan. A missile fired from an unmanned aircraft hit a house in the North Waziristan tribal area, killing six people including a woman and a young girl.
    (AP, 8/31/08)(Reuters, 8/31/08)(AFP, 8/31/08)

2008        Aug, Inflation in Pakistan was running at an annual rate of 25%.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.46)

2008        Sep 1, Pakistani officials said that their forces had killed some 560 Pakistani and foreign fighters and thwarted a push to make Bajur into a militant fortress. Pakistanís government opened an investigation into the killings of five women who tried to choose their own husbands, after a provincial lawmaker defended their deaths as a "centuries-old tradition."
    (AP, 9/1/08)

2008        Sep 2, Pakistani Taliban militants said they had kidnapped two Chinese telecoms engineers and their entourage and would soon issue a list of demands. The engineers went missing along with their local driver and a security guard four days ago near the Afghan border where they had been checking an installation.
    (AFP, 9/2/08)

2008        Sep 3, Pakistan's government says a cross-border raid involving US-led or NATO forces killed several civilians. Women and children were among at least 20 people reportedly killed in the attack in Musa Nika village in South Waziristan near the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/3/08)(SFC, 9/4/08, p.A8)

2008        Sep 4, Pakistanís Parliament passed resolutions condemning an American-led attack in Pakistani territory after the government summoned the US ambassador to protest the unusually bold raid that officials say killed at least 15 people. Four Islamist militants were killed and five wounded in a missile attack by a suspected US drone in the village of Char Khel in North Waziristan near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/08)(Reuters, 9/4/08)

2008        Sep 5, Pakistan's Supreme Court reinstated three judges ousted by Pervez Musharraf, cementing political divisions in the country a day before it elects a new president. An explosion possibly caused by a missile strike killed five suspected foreign militants near the Afghan border in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/5/08)

2008        Sep 6, Asif Ali Zardari, the widower of slain former premier Benazir Bhutto, became Pakistan's new president after winning a landslide election victory in separate votes in the federal and provincial assemblies. Overnight clashes left 24 people killed after residents of a village in the volatile northwest foiled a militant kidnap attempt, then were attacked. An explosives-packed pickup truck blew up at a police checkpoint on the outskirts of Peshawar, killing 37 people.
    (AP, 9/6/08)(AP, 9/7/08)(Econ, 9/20/08, p.55)

2008        Sep 7, Pakistanís reserves in the 1st week of September fell to $5.5 billion, enough to cover just two months of imports. Reserves as of last November were about $14 billion.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.48) 

2008        Sep 8, In Pakistan missiles fired from 2 US drone aircraft hit a seminary and houses associated with a Taliban commander in North Waziristan, killing at least 21 people, including both militants, women and children. Neither Jalaluddin Haqqani nor his son, Sirajuddin, were present, but four mid-level Al-Qaeda operatives were among the dead.
    (AP, 9/8/08)(SFC, 9/9/08, p.A9)(WSJ, 9/9/08, p.A16)(AFP, 9/10/08)

2008        Sep 9, Asif Ali Zardari. the widower of assassinated former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, took office as the country's new president, facing immediate pressure to crack down on Islamic militants and address daunting economic problems. Zardari and Afghan Pres. Karzai hosted a joint news conference and declared that they stand together against the Taliban and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(SFC, 9/10/08, p.A7)

2008        Sep 11, Pakistan's PM Yousaf Raza Gilani backed a harsh rebuke of the US by Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, the Muslim nation's military chief. This was in response to news that President Bush during the summer had secretly approved US military raids inside Pakistan against alleged terrorist targets.
    (AP, 9/11/08)

2008        Sep 12, In Pakistan a US Predator drone fired 2 missiles at a home in the village of Tolkhel, North Waziristan, killing at least 12 people.
    (SFC, 9/13/08, p.A3)

2008        Sep 13, At least 24 Islamic militants were killed in fierce fighting with Pakistani government troops hunting Taliban fighters across Bajaur near the Afghan border.
    (AGFP, 9/13/08)

2008        Sep 14, Pakistani security forces killed 16 suspected militants and wounded 25 on in the Bajur tribal region, the latest round of a military offensive with no end in sight.
    (AP, 9/14/08)

2008        Sep 15, Pakistani troops backed by helicopter gunships and fighter jets killed 15 suspected militants as security forces advanced on Taliban strongholds near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 9/15/08)

2008        Sep 16, Pakistan's military has ordered its forces to open fire if US troops launch another air or ground raid across the Afghan border. Security forces backed by air support again pounded suspected militant hideouts in a northwest Pakistan tribal region, killing eight alleged insurgents.
    (AP, 9/16/08)

2008        Sep 17,  A CIA missile strike in South Waziristan killed 6 people as US Adm. Mike Mullen assured Pakistanís leaders that the US respects Pakistanís sovereignty.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.A6)

2008        Sep 18, In northwest Pakistan militants briefly seized 300 boys at a school. The incident ended with the deaths of 2 suicide bombers. No children were harmed.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.A6)

2008        Sep 19, In Quetta, Pakistan, a bomb exploded at a religious school run by a pro-Taliban Islamist party, killing five people and wounding 10 more. A witness claimed it was caused by a suicide bomber intercepted at the main gate. Unknown gunmen riding a motorbike opened fire on a police patrol vehicle in Quetta, killing one officer and wounding one policeman and a passer-by.
    (AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 20, President Asif Ali Zardari said Pakistan will not tolerate any infringement of its territory in the name of the fight against militants. He also called for an end to the president's powers to dissolve the assembly and dismiss the government, and pledged to tackle Pakistan's economic problems. A suicide bomber and a roadside bomb struck two military convoys in Pakistani tribal areas bordering Afghanistan killing four soldiers and four civilians.
    (Reuters, 9/20/08)(AFP, 9/20/08)
2008        Sep 20, A suspected car bomb caused a huge explosion at the heavily guarded Marriott Hotel in Islamabad. The death toll soon grew to 54 with some 270 injured, including the Czech ambassador and 3 Americans. The next day Pakistan blamed Al-Qaeda linked Taliban militants for the massive suicide truck bombing.
    (AP, 9/20/08)(AFP, 9/21/08)(AP, 9/21/08)(AP, 9/28/08)

2008        Sep 21, Pakistani troops and tribesmen opened fire on two US helicopters that crossed into the country from neighboring Afghanistan. The helicopters did not return fire and re-entered Afghan airspace without landing.

2008        Sep 22, In Pakistan gunmen kidnapped Abdul Khaliq Farahi, Afghanistan's ambassador-designate, and killed his driver in the main northwestern city of Peshawar. Farahi was released on Nov 13, 2010.
    (AP, 9/21/08)(AP, 11/14/10)

2008        Sep 23, Pakistani officials said security forces, backed by helicopter gunships and artillery, have killed more than 60 insurgents in the northwest tribal regions in offensives aimed at denying al-Qaida and Taliban militants safe havens.
    (AP, 9/23/08)

2008        Sep 24, The Pakistani army said it found the wreckage of a suspected US spy plane near the Afghan border, but denied claims that it had been shot down. A suicide bomber killed an 11-year-old girl and wounded 11 troops in the frontier city of Quetta. Security forces killed 20 militants in the Bajur border region.
    (AP, 9/24/08)

2008        Sep 25, A joint statement said India's PM Singh met with Pakistan's Pres. Zardari at the UN in New York and they agreed to boost a faltering peace process between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 9/25/08)

2008        Sep 26, Pakistan said that its troops had killed 1,000 Islamist militants in a month-long offensive in the Bajaur region in which 27 soldiers died. Five top Al-Qaeda and Taliban commanders were among those killed. Police raided a militant hideout in Karachi, triggering a shootout during which three suicide bombers blew themselves up. The body of a man held in handcuffs was found in the rubble. The prisoner in the rubble was identified as a wealthy supplier of fuel and goods to US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. A bomb blast caused a train to derail in eastern Punjab province, killing 6 people including 3 children.
    (AP, 9/26/08)(AFP, 9/26/08)

2008        Sep 28, In Pakistan suspected militants seized a Polish engineer and killed his Pakistani driver, guard and assistant in the northwestern city of Attock. A government official in Bajur said militants attacked security forces in three places overnight. He said the troops repulsed each attack, killing 11 fighters.
    (AP, 9/28/08)

2008        Sep 29, Pakistan appointed Lieutenant General Ahmed Shujaa Pasha as new head of its powerful Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency, amid US accusations that the military spy organization secretly backs Taliban rebels on the Afghan border.
    (AFP, 9/30/08)

2008        Sep 30, A late night missile strike by a suspected US drone killed at least six people in a Pakistanís North Waziristan tribal region.
    (AP, 10/1/08)

2008        Oct 2, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up near the house of politician Asfandyar Wali Khan, who was receiving guests to mark the end of the Islamic fasting month at his home in Charsadda, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 10/2/08)

2008        Oct 3, US missiles hit a house in Mohammadkhel near the Afghan border. Two Pakistani intelligence officials, citing reports from field agents and informants, said 14 Taliban militants and 8 Arabs died in the attack about 28 miles west of Miran Shah. 2 people wounded in the attack died later bringing the toll to 24.
    (AP, 10/4/08)(AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 3, NATO launched an airstrike near the Afghan border with Pakistan. A jet fighter bombed two houses in different parts of Datta Khel. Intelligence officials in the region said 2 women and one child were killed and 5 men wounded. A militant attack on a US patrol in eastern Kunar province killed an Afghan civilian and wounded four others.
    (Reuters, 10/3/08)(AP, 10/3/08)

2008        Oct 5, In Pakistan a three-day ultimatum from the government for Afghans living illegally in Bajur to leave was due to expire today. But of an estimated 80,000 Afghans, only about 15,000 had left.
    (AP, 10/5/08)

2008        Oct 6, A suicide bomber attacked legislator Rasheed Akbar Niwaniís house in eastern Pakistan, killing at least 20 people and wounding more than 50. Officials said Pakistani authorities have begun expelling Afghan refugees from the Bajaur tribal region that has become the main battleground between troops and fighters linked to the Taliban and al Qaeda.
    (AP, 10/6/08)(Reuters, 10/6/08)(SFC, 10/7/08, p.A8)

2008        Oct 7, Afghan refugees flowed over the border from Pakistanís Bajur  battle zone after officials accused them of links with Taliban militants and ordered them out.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 9, Pakistani fighter jets and helicopter gunships destroyed a Taliban militant facility in the Swat Valley, killing 20 militants. Separately, five civilians, including women and children, were killed when a shell hit a house in the Matta district of Swat during clashes between troops and insurgents. Bombings targeting police killed 10 people and wounded 14 in the volatile northwest and the capital. Suspected US missile strikes hit Tappi village in North Waziristan, killing at least 9 people and a house in the village of Dande Darpa Khel.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 10/10/08, p.A17)

2008        Oct 10, A suicide bomber drove his car into an anti-Taliban tribal council meeting in northwest Pakistan, killing at least 30 people, the second suicide bombing in as many days. The bomber blew himself up when around 500 members of Alizai tribe were gathered to draw up a strategy as part of government-backed efforts to drive out militants from tribal areas. Angry Pakistani tribesmen traded fire with Taliban militants and demolished their houses in a northwestern tribal region following the car suicide attack.
    (AP, 10/10/08)(Reuters, 10/11/08)

2008        Oct 11, US missile strikes in Pakistan's northwest killed five people, but none was believed to be a foreign al-Qaida fighter.
    (AP, 10/12/08)

2008        Oct 12, Pakistani helicopter gunships bombed a meeting of Islamic militants linked to Al-Qaeda near the border with Afghanistan. Among the dead were two Taliban commanders and 12 potential suicide bombers. More than 24 extremists with links to Al-Qaeda were killed near the Afghan border in the Bajaur tribal region.
    (AFP, 10/12/08)

2008        Oct 13, In Pakistan ten Islamic extremists died in a gunbattle with soldiers in the Khawazakhela district of the Swat valley during an ongoing military operation against fighters loyal to local cleric Maulana Fazlullah. Security forces fired mortar and artillery rounds at militants in the Charmang area of the Bajur region overnight, killing nine insurgents. Pro-government tribesmen exchanged fire with militants in the Nawa and Kotkai areas of Bajur. Thirteen militants and two pro-government tribesmen were killed.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)(AP, 10/13/08)

2008        Oct 15, Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari reached trade deals with China, raising hopes that Beijing would help his country through difficult economic and diplomatic times.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 16, The Pakistani rupee dropped to more than 82 to the dollar, continuing a slide that has seen it lose more than 30% of its value this year. A suspected US missile strike killed a purported foreign militant in South Waziristan, a tribal area considered a haven for the Taliban and al-Qaida. A suicide bombing in the Swat Valley left four security personnel dead. In Bajur 7 militants were killed by plane and helicopter gunship attacks.
    (AP, 10/16/08)(SFC, 10/17/08, p.A4)

2008        Oct 17, In northwest Pakistan troops backed by helicopter gunships and artillery pounded militant positions, killing 60 fighters and wounding many others near the town of Matta in the Swat Valley.
    (AP, 10/18/08)

2008        Oct 18, Pakistan said that China will help it build two more nuclear power plants, offsetting Pakistani frustration over a recent nuclear deal between archrival India and the US. Pakistani fighter jets bombed a militant camp and munition storage facility in the northwest, killing at least 20 insurgents and causing extensive damage. In nearby Bajur district seven more insurgents were killed when jets bombed their positions. 3 militants were killed in other parts of Bajur when they tried to attack security posts.
    (AP, 10/18/08)(AP, 10/19/08)

2008        Oct 19, Pakistanís government said it may have to accept politically unpopular IMF assistance to ward off a possible economic meltdown if wealthy nations turn it down.
    (AP, 10/19/08)

2008        Oct 20, Pakistani forces killed up to 35 militants near the Afghan border, as the region's provincial chief called for "peaceful dialogue" in a meeting with a US State Department official.
    (AP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 21, Taliban militants ambushed a convoy of security forces in Pakistan's northwestern Swat valley, sparking clashes that left at least five personnel and six rebels dead.
    (AFP, 10/22/08)
2008        Oct 21, In Kashmir trucks laden with fruit, honey, garments and spices crossed the heavily armed frontier as India and Pakistan opened a trade route between the two sides of the divided region for the first time in six decades.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2008        Oct 22, Pakistani lawmakers passed a resolution calling for an urgent review of the government's national security strategy, saying that dialogue with Islamic militants should be given the "highest priority." The International Monetary Fund moved to bail out cash-strapped Pakistan in the Fund's first bid to shore up an Asian economy following global financial turmoil as the fiscal deficit hit 10% of GDP. An air strike at a militant compound in northwestern Bajaur tribal district killed 33 rebels.
    (AP, 10/22/08)(AFP, 10/22/08)(AFP, 10/23/08)(Econ, 10/25/08, p.54)

2008        Oct 23, In Pakistan suspected US spy drones fired missiles into a school set up by a top Taliban commander in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan, killing 11 people. Residents said that all of the victims were local tribesmen, adding that locals had fired at two suspected US drones hovering above.
    (AFP, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 25, Pakistan's army captured Loi Sam a key militant stronghold in the Bajur region near the Afghan border, a breakthrough in a bloody push against the Taliban and al-Qaida. The offensive launched in early August has claimed the lives of some 1,500 suspected militant, 73 soldiers and 95 civilians.
    (AP, 10/25/08)(SSFC, 10/26/08, p.A20)

2008        Oct 26, Pakistan troops killed 11 Taliban militants in separate clashes in a tribal region. 15 people including 10 Taliban militants died in a gunbattle with locals in the restive Swat valley. Locals thwarted a Taliban attempt to seize militia chief Pir Samiullah. Hundreds of Taliban returned and seized 3 militia members, beheading one of them. Unknown gunmen shot dead the brother of Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud. A US missile strike in the South Waziristan area killed Haji Omar Khan, a lieutenant of veteran Afghan Taliban chieftain and former anti-Soviet fighter Jalaluddin Haqqani, along with at least 15 other people.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(AFP, 10/27/08)(WSJ, 10/27/08, p.A14)

2008        Oct 28, Afghan and Pakistani leaders vowed to seek dialogue with Taliban insurgents, saying the "door is now open" for reconciliation.
    (AP, 10/28/08)
2008        Oct 28, Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari announced government awards for US Democratic vice presidential nominee Joe Biden and Republican Senator Richard Lugar. Biden and Lugar in July introduced a bipartisan US aid plan which calls for $1.5 billion per year in non-military spending to support economic development in Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/28/08)

2008        Oct 29, Pakistan registered "a strong protest" with Washington's ambassador to Islamabad over a number of missile attacks by US drones inside its territory. Gunmen killed three Shiite Muslims in a sectarian attack in northwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/29/08)
2008        Oct 29, In southwestern Pakistan a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck before dawn, killing at least 215 people and turning mud and timber homes into rubble. An estimated 15,000 people were left homeless, and rescuers were digging for survivors in a remote valley in Baluchistan province. Officials later feared the death toll would pass 300.
    (AP, 10/29/08)(AP, 10/30/08)(AP, 10/31/08)

2008        Oct 31, A suspected US drone aircraft fired missiles into a house in Mir Ali town in Pakistan's North Waziristan region on the Afghan border. Al-Qaida member Abu Kasha Iraqi was among those killed. Abu Jihad al-Masri, described by the US as al-Qaidaís propaganda chief, was among 3 people killed when a missile hit their truck. A second house was hit, killing 12 including suspected foreign militants in Kari Kot in South Waziristan. 29 people were reported killed in the 2 attacks. A suicide bomber attacked the convoy of a regional police chief, killing 3 police officers and 5 civilians in Mardan in the North West Frontier Province.
    (AP, 10/31/08)(AFP, 11/1/08)(SFC, 11/1/08, p.A3)
2008        Oct 31, Gunmen in Peshawar, Pakistan, kidnapped Zia ul-Haq Ahadi, the brother of Afghanistan's finance minister, while he was walking to his mother's home after praying at a mosque. Ahadi, a businessman who lives in Afghanistan, was in Peshawar to visit his mother.
    (AP, 11/2/08)

2008        Nov 2, In Pakistan a suicide bomber detonated his vehicle at a checkpoint at Zalai Fort in South Waziristan killing 8 troops.
    (SFC, 11/3/08, p.A11)

2008        Nov 3, General David Petraeus, the US commander running the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, held talks with Pakistani leaders who told him to stop US strikes on militants in Pakistani territory.
    (AP, 11/3/08)

2008        Nov 5, A Pakistani army air strike overnight destroyed a suspected militant training facility in the Bajur tribal area near the Afghan border. 15 insurgents were killed. The dead included a Pakistani militant commander named Wali Rehman, who was known to shelter foreign militants linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/5/08)(AP, 11/6/08)

2008        Nov 6, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a gathering of anti-militant tribesmen, killing nine and wounding 45 in the Batmalai area of the Bajur tribal region, where the military has clashed with insurgents for months.
    (AP, 11/6/08)

2008        Nov 7, In Pakistan suspected US drones fired missiles into Kam Sam, on the border between North and South Waziristan, killing 13 militants, including 4-5 foreigners. This was the latest in a series of strikes that has infuriated Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 11/7/08)(SFC, 11/7/08, p.A8)

2008        Nov 8, In Pakistan police found the bullet-ridden bodies of the two men in the North Waziristan tribal region after a tip from residents. Militants claimed they were spies for the United States and dumped their bodies with a warning in a Pakistani border region at the center of a campaign of suspected American missile strikes. Fighting reported elsewhere in Pakistan's volatile northwest left 29 militants and three Pakistani soldiers dead. Security forces fatally shot a local journalist in the Swat Valley area. Mohammad Shoaib, worked for the Azadi newspaper and apparently did not stop his vehicle when signaled to do so.
    (AP, 11/8/08)(AP, 11/9/08)

2008        Nov 9, Pakistani airstrikes pounded suspected insurgent hide-outs in the Bajur tribal region bordering Afghanistan, killing 13 alleged militants. A remote-controlled bomb planted on a motorcycle killed a passer-by and wounded five others in a market in Sui town in southwest Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 11/9/08)

2008        Nov 10, Militants in northwest Pakistan hijacked 13 trucks carrying supplies for Western forces in Afghanistan as they passed through the Khyber Pass.
    (Reuters, 11/10/08)

2008        Nov 11, Pakistanís military said at least 11 Taliban militants were killed and two soldiers wounded in gunfights with troops in the northwestern Swat valley, rocked by a violent campaign to introduce Islamic law. A suicide bomber blew himself up outside the Peshawar Sports Complex, hosting athletes from around the country, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2008        Nov 12, In Pakistan Stephen Vance, a US development worker, and his driver were shot dead in Peshawar, where a wave of violence has been blamed on militants linked to the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. 3 security forces died when a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden vehicle at the gate of government school for boys in the northwestern village of Subhan Khwar, 22 miles north of Peshawar.
    (AP, 11/12/08)

2008        Nov 13, Pakistan announced that China had offered it a $500 million aid package.
    (WSJ, 11/14/08, p.A10)
2008        Nov 13, In northwestern Pakistan gunmen kidnapped Hashmatullah Atharzadeh, an Iranian diplomat, and killed his local guard. Peshawarís police chief Suleman Shah said the spate of killings and abductions was in reaction to the military operations against insurgents in the adjoining tribal belt. Iranian intelligence agents freed Atharzadeh in late March, 2010.
    (AFP, 11/13/08)(AP, 3/30/10)

2008        Nov 14, In Pakistan a Japanese and an Afghan journalist were shot in the frontier city of Peshawar, the third attack on foreigners in three days. Motoki Yotsukura from the Asahi Shimbun newspaper was wounded in the leg. Abdul Sami Yousafzai, was more seriously hurt. Missiles apparently fired by US unmanned aircraft in North Waziristan killed at least 12 people, including 9 militants.
    (AP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 11/14/08)(WSJ, 11/15/08, p.A1)

2008        Nov 15, An official said Pakistan has agreed to borrow $7.6 billion from the International Monetary Fund to avoid adding an economic crisis to its struggle against Islamic militants. Helicopter gunships, backed by artillery, began pounding suspected insurgent hideouts in Mohmand tribal area.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 16, Pakistan temporarily barred oil tankers and container trucks from a key passageway to Afghanistan, threatening a critical supply route for US and NATO troops and raising more fears about security in the militant-plagued border region. NATO troops in eastern Afghanistan fired 20 artillery rounds at insurgents inside Pakistan in an attack the alliance said was coordinated with the government in Islamabad.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 17, Pakistan sent armed troops to escort trucks along a key supply route for US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. In northwest Pakistan a suicide car bomber attacked an army post, killing at least 3 people. Violence elsewhere in the region left at least five suspected militants dead. Taliban militants attacked Pakistani tribal leaders in the Bajur region near the Afghan border, triggering a gunbattle and a blast that killed seven people.
    (AP, 11/17/08)(AP, 11/18/08)(WSJ, 11/18/08, p.A1)

2008        Nov 18, Pakistani security forces in the Kabal area of the Swat valley killed seven militants. In another incident in the valley's Kanju area, insurgents ambushed an army convoy, killing a soldier.
    (AP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 19, In Pakistan gunmen shot and killed Ameer Faisal Alvi, a retired Pakistani army general, and his driver on the outskirts of capital, Islamabad. Alvi had led military operations against insurgents in the tribal regions. A suspected American missile bombarded a village in Bannu district, deep inside Pakistani territory, marking what appears to be the first time the US has struck beyond the tribal belt bordering Afghanistan. Six alleged militants were killed including Abdullah Azam al-Saudi, a senior member of Osama bin Laden's terror network.
    (AP, 11/19/08)(AFP, 11/19/08)

2008        Nov 20, In Pakistan a militant Taliban group warned of reprisals if there was another US drone attack, as the government condemned the latest missile strike in its territory. A suicide bomber killed at least four people when he blew himself up at a mosque northwest of Khar, the main town in the troubled Bajaur tribal region. Pakistani jets and artillery killed 17 people, including up to four Uzbek commanders, as they pounded suspected Taliban and Al-Qaeda hideouts in Bajaur overnight and into the morning. Pakistani jets also killed 20 militants in attacks on militant centers in the northwestern Swat valley. A suicide bomber attacked a mosque in the border region where government-backed anti-militant tribesman were praying, killing 8, including the head of the group.
    (AFP, 11/20/08)(AP, 11/21/08)

2008        Nov 21, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb killed eight mourners at the funeral of Shiite cleric Allama Nazir Shah Naqvi, who was fatally shot earlier in the day.
    (AP, 11/21/08)(SFC, 11/22/08, p.A3)

2008        Nov 22, In northwest Pakistan British-born Rashid Rauf, the alleged Al-Qaeda mastermind of a 2006 transatlantic airplane bombing plot, was killed in a US missile attack. He had been in custody under the Security of Pakistan Act when he escaped in December 2007 from Pakistani police custody, although all charges relating to terrorism had been dropped. Also among the five killed in the early morning incident was Egyptian Abu Zubair al-Misri, another wanted Al-Qaeda operative.
    (AFP, 11/22/08)

2008        Nov 24, In Pakistan government forces killed 15 militants in the Swat valley. An official said a two-week operation to secure the frontier city of Peshawar, which sits on a key supply route for US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, killed 25 suspected militants.
    (AP, 11/24/08)(SFC, 11/25/08, p.A13)
2008        Nov 24, Pakistan, the front-line country in the battle against Islamist terrorism, won final approval for a $7.6 billion loan from the IMF to help stave off a possible economic meltdown.
    (AP, 11/25/08)

2008        Nov 25, Pakistan said its Directorate of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) has shut down a unit that spied on domestic politicians.
    (SFC, 11/26/08, p.A3)

2008        Nov 26, In India 110 people were killed and over 300 injured when suspected Islamic militants attacked 10 sites in Mumbai including the five-star Taj Mahal Palace and Tower and the 19th century Chhatrapati Shivaji railroad station. On Oct 3, 2009, David Headley (b.1960 as Daood Sayed Gilani), a US citizen of Pakistani descent, was arrested in Chicago on suspicion of doing reconnaissance Mumbai attack. In 2010 Gilani pleaded guilty and testified that the Pakistani spy agency provided individual handlers for the Lashkar-e-Taiba attackers. In 2013 Cathy Scott-Clark and Adrian Levy authored ďThe Siege: Three Days of Terror Inside the Taj.
    (www.talkleft.com/story/2009/12/7/125726/611)(AP, 11/27/08)(SFC, 10/20/10, p.A5)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.81)

2008        Nov 28, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber killed seven people in the northwestern town of Bannu.
    (AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Nov 29, Pakistan's foreign minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi told a press conference that Pakistan will take action against any group within its borders if it was involved in the Mumbai attacks. A suspected US missile strike killed at least two people near Miran Shah in northwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Nov 29, In India a 60-hour terror rampage that killed at least 173 people across Mumbai, India's financial capital, ended when commandos killed the last three gunmen inside the 565-room Taj Mahal hotel while it was engulfed in flames. A group called Deccan Mujahideen, which alludes to a region in southern India traditionally ruled by Muslim kings, claimed responsibility for the attack. Officials said they believed that just 10 gunmen had taken part in the attack. Nine were killed and one was captured. The 10th gunman was later identified as Mohammad Ajmal Amir Imam from Faridkot village in Pakistan. 19 foreigners were killed including 6 Americans.
    (AP, 11/29/08)(WSJ, 11/29/08, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/08)(WSJ, 12/5/08, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/08, p.A9)(Econ, 12/6/08, p.57)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Mumbai_attacks)

2008        Nov 30, Six Pakistani security officers and two suspected militants were killed in new violence close to the Afghan border. Fighting  in the past two days between ethnic and political gangs that left 16 people dead in Karachi.
    (AP, 11/30/08)

2008        Nov, A US diplomatic cable said donors in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are sending an estimated $100 million annually to radical Islamic schools in Pakistan that back militancy. The cable was leaked to the public on May 22, 2011.
    (AP, 5/22/11)

2008        Dec 1, Militants in northwestern Pakistan attacked trucks ferrying supplies to NATO and US forces in Afghanistan, killing two people and destroying a dozen vehicles. A suicide attack on a security checkpoint  in the Swat Valley killed 8 people and wounded 40.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, India has formally demanded that Pakistan take "strong action" against the people behind the Mumbai attacks. An Indian police official said the only gunman captured alive after the attacks claimed to belong to Lashkar-e-Taiba, a Pakistani militant group with links to the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir and one long seen as a creation of the Pakistani intelligence service.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 2, India demanded Pakistan hand over 20 of its most wanted fugitives as a sign of good faith, while both sides tried to cool tensions over the Mumbai attacks before a visit by Washington's top diplomat. India named Yusuf Muzammil, the senior leader of Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba, as the mastermind of the attacks in Mumbai. A bomb exploded in a train coach in India's insurgency-hit northeast, killing at least three people and injuring another 29.
    (AP, 12/2/08)(WSJ, 12/3/08, p.A1)

2008        Dec 3, Pakistani airstrikes killed 30 suspected militants in 2 area of the Mohmand border region. A suicide attack on a convoy in the same region killed 3 soldiers and a civilian.
    (SFC, 12/4/08, p.A13)

2008        Dec 5, In Pakistan a car bomb devastated a busy street in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing 30 people and injuring about a hundred.
    (AP, 12/5/08)(AP, 12/6/08)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.50)
2008        Dec 5, The leaders of Pakistan and Afghanistan met for Turkish-sponsored talks aimed at reducing tensions over militant attacks along the countries' lawless border.
    (AP, 12/5/08)

2008        Dec 7, Gunmen blasted their way into two transport terminals in Pakistan and torched more than 160 vehicles, including 790 Humvees, destined for US-led troops in Afghanistan, in the biggest assault yet on a vital military supply line. The losses possibly exceeded $10 million.
    (AP, 12/7/08)
2008        Dec 7, Pakistani security forces overran a militant camp on the outskirts of Muzaffarabad, Pakistani Kashmir's main city, and seized Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, an alleged mastermind of the attacks that shook Mumbai last month. Zarar Shah, another top operational commander, and 10 others were seized at the camp run by the banned group Laskhar-e-Taiba.
    (AP, 12/8/08)(WSJ, 12/9/08, p.A10)

2008        Dec 8, In Pakistan armed militants launched a second raid in as many days on NATO depots, torching nearly 100 more vehicles destined for the alliance's forces in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 9, Pakistan arrested some 40 people in raids that targeted Lashkar-e-Taiba in the Northwest Frontier Province and Punjab.
    (WSJ, 12/10/08, p.A9)
2008        Dec 9, India police released the names of nine suspected Islamic militants killed during their attack on Mumbai, bolstering India's charges that all of them came from Pakistan. A speeding bus caught fire in northern Uttar Pradesh state, killing at least 20 Hindu pilgrims.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 11, Pakistan ordered the closure Jemaat-u-Dawa, a charity linked to Lashkar-e-Taiba, the militant group suspected in the Mumbai attacks, a day after the outfit was declared a front for terrorists by the United Nations. A suspected US strike killed six people on the Pakistan side of the Afghan border, a lawless region believed to be a stronghold of al-Qaida.
    (AP, 12/11/08)

2008        Dec 12, Pakistan stage overnight raids, shut offices and arrested scores of activists of Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), an Islamic charity associated with Lashkar-e-Taiba, as international pressure mounted for firm action against militants blamed for the Mumbai attacks. Maulana Masood Azhar, head of the Jaish-e-Mohammad group, blamed with Lashkar-e-Taiba for a 2001 attack on India's parliament, was also detained.
    (AP, 12/12/08)

2008        Dec 13, In northwest Pakistan militants attacked a terminal used by vehicles ferrying supplies to US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. Elsewhere in the northwest clashes involving security forces, tribesmen and insurgents killed 8 people, including two children. Authorities found the bodies of 2 Afghan men in Miran Shah. A letter found nearby alleged the men gave information that aided the US in launching missile strikes in the militant-plagued region.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 15, A Pakistani transporters association said truckers are refusing to haul supplies to NATO and US forces in Afghanistan because of mounting attacks along the main route.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

2008        Dec 19, Militants in Pakistan launched rockets at two trucks returning from delivering fuel to US-led forces in Afghanistan, killing three people along a critical and increasingly dangerous supply route. 3 people died in Rawalpindi when a building collapsed after it was ravaged by a fire for several hours.
    (AP, 12/20/08)

2008        Dec 21, Pakistani fighter jets attacked suspected Taliban and Al-Qaeda positions in a lawless tribal area on the border with Afghanistan, killing four militants. Police found 2 bullet-ridden bodies of Afghan nationals in an abandoned village in North Waziristan, who allegedly acted as spies for US forces.
    (AFP, 12/21/08)(AP, 12/21/08)
2008        Dec 21, India arrested 3 suspected Islamic militants, including a Pakistani soldier, for allegedly planning a suicide attack in Indian-controlled Kashmir. The suspects were members of Jaish-e-Mohammed, one of more than a dozen groups fighting since 1989 to oust India from Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/24/08, p.A5)

2008        Dec 22, In Pakistan suspected US drones fired at least two missiles into South Waziristan region on the Afghan border, killing seven people.
    (Reuters, 12/22/08)

2008        Dec 24, In Pakistan a bomb-rigged truck with government plates exploded in Lahore, killing one person in a heavily guarded neighborhood home to many government officials.
    (AP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 26, Pakistan began moving thousands of troops to the Indian border, sharply raising tensions triggered by the Mumbai terror attacks.
    (AP, 12/26/08)

2008        Dec 28, In northwest Pakistan 36 people were killed and 15 hurt in a suspected suicide car bomb attack in Shalbandi, in the Swat valley, where villagers 4 months earlier had killed 6 Taliban fighters.
    (AFP, 12/28/08)(SFC, 12/29/08, p.A11)

2008        Dec 30, Pakistan closed the main route used to ferry supplies to US and allied troops in Afghanistan after launching a fresh offensive against militants in the area.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2008        Dec 31, In Pakistan tanks, artillery and helicopter gunships continued their attacks in the Khyber Pass. Over the last two days, security forces destroyed 19 suspected militant compounds and arrested 28 Pakistanis. Government troops reportedly killed three militants in the operation to secure the major supply route to US and NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 31, A senior Pakistani government official said Zarar Shah, a militant arrested in Pakistan, has confessed involvement in the Mumbai terror attacks and is giving investigators details of the plot. Shah and another suspect, Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, were said to be cooperating with investigators.
    (AP, 12/31/08)

2008        Shuja Nawaz authored ďCrossed Swords: Pakistan, its Army and the Wars Within."
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.100)
2008        Ahmed Rashid authored ďDescent Into Chaos: The United States and the Failure of Nation Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia.
    (Econ, 7/26/08, p.95)
2008        Pakistan was stripped of its emerging market status. In 2016 index provider MSCI said it would readmit Pakistan in May, 2017.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.77)

2009        Jan 1, In northwest Pakistan a suspected US missile strike by a drone aircraft destroyed a vehicle, killing at least three foreign militants. The US drone killed 2 Al-Qaida leaders from Kenya, Usama al-Kini and Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan. Pakistani authorities arrested Ustad Mohammed Yasir, a former Taliban spokesman, during a raid on his relatives' house in Peshawar near the Afghan border. Yasir had been previously arrested by Pakistan in 2005 and sent to Afghanistan where he was released in 2007 in exchange for a kidnapped Italian journalist.
    (AP, 1/1/09)(AP, 1/3/09)(WSJ, 1/10/09, p.A6)

2009        Jan 2, Pakistan reopened the main supply route for US and NATO troops fighting in Afghanistan after blocking it for three days during a military operation against militants who have been attacking convoys.
    (AP, 1/2/09)

2009        Jan 3, In southwest Pakistan two paramilitary soldiers were killed and four wounded in a landmine explosion in Dera Bugti, Baluchistan province. Sarbaz Khan, a spokesman for the Baluch Republican Army, later claimed responsibility of the attack.
    (AFP, 1/3/09)

2009        Jan 4, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked police as they rushed to treat civilians injured by an earlier explosion, killing seven people and wounding at least 25 others. During a raid elsewhere in northwest Pakistan, the army discovered a van packed with 880 pounds (400 kilograms) of explosives. Six suspected militants were arrested in the raid on a house in the Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 1/4/09)

2009        Jan 5, In Pakistan three bullet-riddled bodies were found along a road some 16 miles east of Miran Shah. Police said suspected Taliban militants had executed a Pakistani construction contractor and two Afghan men they accused of spying for the US.
    (AP, 1/5/09)
2009        Jan 5, India handed to Pakistan what it said was evidence linking the country to the Islamic militants who attacked Mumbai in November.
    (AFP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 7, Pakistanís PM Yousuf Raza Gilani fired national security advisor Mahmood Ali Durrani after he gave media interviews on national security issues without consulting Gilani. The move came hours after Durrani and other top officials told reporters that the sole surviving Mumbai attacker was a Pakistani citizen.
    (AP, 1/8/09)

2009        Jan 8, In Pakistan a fire swept through a slum in Karachi, killing 38 people, many of them children.
    (AP, 1/9/09)

2009        Jan 9, Pakistanís PM Gilani said his intelligence agency has given India information about the Mumbai attacks, as US Vice President-elect Joe Biden arrived in Pakistan for talks with the country's top leaders. A series of blasts have gone off near a theater in the eastern city of Lahore, but there has been no immediate word on casualties.
    (AP, 1/9/09)

2009        Jan 10, In northwestern Pakistan at least 40 people were killed over the last 24 hours in clashes between Sunnis and Shiites in villages of the Hangu district.
    (AP, 1/10/09)(SFC, 1/12/09, p.A8)

2009        Jan 11, In northwestern Pakistan security forces repulsed an attack by 600 fighters, most of whom had crossed the border from Afghanistan, leaving at least 40 militants and 6 soldiers dead and scores of others wounded.
    (AP, 1/11/09)(SFC, 1/12/09, p.A8)

2009        Jan 12, In Pakistan the bodies of two men killed by Taliban militants for allegedly spying for the US were found in the North Waziristan tribal region to the south of Mohmand. The two were abducted a week ago as they attempted to flee with their families. Trucks and other vehicles blocked the main Quetta-Chaman highway, forcing about 100 trucks carrying NATO supplies to park.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, The US slapped sanctions on people and firms linked to Pakistani scientist Abdul Qadeer Khanís black market nuclear network.
    (WSJ, 1/13/09, p.A1)

2009        Jan 14, Pakistan reopened a supply route for NATO and US forces in Afghanistan after tribesmen ended a three-day blockade. Thousands of people protested in Quetta after four police officers were shot dead in what an official said was a sectarian attack against Shiites.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 15, Pakistani officials said 71 people have been arrested in a crackdown on groups allegedly linked to the Mumbai attacks, while adding that the information India has handed over needs work before it can be used as evidence in court. Pakistan also said security forces had closed five training camps run by Lashkar-e-Taiba, the group blamed for the Mumbai attack, and arrested the entire top, middle and lower-level leadership and those of a related charity. Security forces killed and injured a large number of militants in the Swat valley in the country's northwest. Four local militant commanders died in the clash.
    (AP, 1/15/09)(Reuters, 1/15/09)(AP, 1/16/09)(WSJ, 1/16/09, p.A5)

2009        Jan 17, Pakistani security forces, backed by artillery and tanks, killed 14 Taliban insurgents in heavy fighting in the Mohmand region on the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 1/18/09)

2009        Jan 18, Pakistanís information minister said the government will push to quickly reopen girls' schools destroyed by Islamic militants in the northwest Swat valley.
    (AP, 1/18/09)

2009        Jan 19, Militant attacks killed a Pakistani soldier near the crucial supply route to US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. Suspected Taliban militants bombed five schools in a nearby valley in their growing campaign against girls' education.
    (AP, 1/19/09)

2009        Jan 20, Pakistani police said suspected Taliban militants killed six alleged US spies in a lawless region of northwest Pakistan where American missile attacks have reportedly killed several al-Qaida leaders in recent months. A bomb wounded five police officers in Peshawar, the capital of North West Frontier Province. An industry official said bus drivers in northwest Pakistan have begun removing audio and video equipment from their vehicles after Taliban militants threatened suicide attacks against those who played music or movies for their passengers.
    (AP, 1/20/09)(AP, 1/21/09)
2009        Jan 20, In Spain 6 people of Pakistani origin were arrested on suspicion of "fraud" in Barcelona. They were suspected of financing terrorist activities by carrying out thefts and sending money raised from criminal activities to Pakistan.
    (AFP, 1/20/09)

2009        Jan 21, In Pakistan a Saudi called Zabi ul Taifi was among seven Al-Qaida suspects caught when government forces mounted a raid near the northwestern city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 1/22/09)

2009        Jan 22, Pres. Obama named George Mitchell as envoy to the Mideast and Richard Holbrook as envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 1/23/09, p.A1)

2009        Jan 23, In Pakistan 2 suspected US missile attacks killed 14 people just east of the Afghan border. At least five victims were identified as foreign militants. A suicide attack and a roadside bomb killed two soldiers and three civilians in the Swat Valley.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Pres. Obama authorized his first drone strikes. The targets were in the Waziristan region of Pakistan. One of the strikes hit the wrong target killing at least 5 civilians.
    (Econ, 7/9/16, p.21)

2009        Jan 24, Pakistan urged President Barack Obama to halt US missile strikes on al-Qaida strongholds near the Afghan border, saying that civilians were killed the previous day in the first attacks since Obama's inauguration.
    (AP, 1/24/09)

2009        Jan 25, Indian police shot dead two suspected militants from Pakistan in a pre-dawn car chase near New Delhi.
    (AP, 1/25/09)

2009        Jan 26, In northwest Pakistan a bomb rigged to a bicycle exploded on a major road in Dera Ismail Khan, killing at least five people and wounding 20 in the latest attack to rattle the volatile region. In the southwest gunmen shot dead the leader of a small Shiite political party in Quetta, triggering violent protests. Several hundred people torched vehicles and a bank. Elsewhere in the northwest a man whom militants accused of spying for America was found shot dead in Datta Khel village in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 1/26/09)

2009        Jan 27, Pakistani tribal elders urged the government to stop military operations against Taliban militants in tribal areas bordering Afghanistan and to start peace talks.
    (AP, 1/27/09)

2009        Jan 29, Pakistani police arrested three men who they alleged carried out a deadly 2006 bombing in Pakistan on the orders of India's intelligence agency.
    (AP, 1/29/09)

2009        Jan 30, A roadside bomb hit a Pakistani army convoy near a Taliban stronghold in the Swat valley, killing three soldiers and wounding another six.
    (AP, 1/31/09)

2009        Jan 31, In Pakistan two motorcyclists lobbed a hand grenade at a police patrol in Baluchistan's Khuzdar district, but hit bystanders instead, killing one person and wounding 5 others.
    (AP, 2/1/09)

2009        Jan, In Sharjah, UAE, a mob of up to 50 people beat Masri Khan, a Pakistani man, to death with metal bars in a fight over control of an illegal liquor business. In March, 2010, 17 Indians were sentenced to death for the beating. In 2011 the victimís family accepted over $900,000 in "blood money," allowing the men to return to their families. In September, 2011, an Emirati court commuted the death sentences to two years in prison, paving the way for their return home.
    (AFP, 3/30/10)(AP, 7/21/11)(AFP, 9/12/11)

2009        Feb 1, In Pakistan at least 16 suspected militants, one soldier and 19 civilians were killed in clashes over the last 24 hours in the northwestern Swat Valley, as the military escalated its offensive against insurgents in the one-time tourist haven.  In the southwest a bomb rigged to a motorcycle exploded in a market, wounding at least 10 people.
    (AP, 2/1/09)(WSJ, 2/2/09, p.A10)

2009        Feb 2, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen seized John Solecki, head of the UN refugee office in the city of Quetta, as he traveled to work. On April 4 Solecki was released unharmed.
    (AP, 2/2/09)(SSFC, 4/5/09, p.A7)

2009        Feb 3, Islamist militants blew up a bridge in northwestern Pakistan, cutting a major supply line for Western troops in Afghanistan in the latest in a series of attacks on the Khyber Pass by insurgents seeking to hamper the US-led mission against the Taliban.
    (AP, 2/3/09)

2009        Feb 4, In Pakistan assailants overnight torched 10 returning trucks stranded by the bombing of a key bridge on the main supply route for US forces in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 5, In central Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up near a Shiite mosque in the town of Dera Ghazi Khan, killing 24 people.
    (AFP, 2/5/09)(SFC, 2/6/09, p.A3)

2009        Feb 6, A Pakistani court freed nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan. He had admitted to selling weapon technology to Iran, North Korea and Libya.
    (WSJ, 2/7/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 8, Pakistani Taliban militants released a graphic video showing the beheading of a Polish engineer whom they said was killed because Islamabad refused to free detained insurgents. Piotr Stanczak had been seized in the volatile northwest on September 28.
    (AFP, 2/8/09)

2009        Feb 10, Pakistan called for a new strategy of dialogue to combat militancy and urged Washington to reconsider military action on its territory in its first talks with US envoy Richard Holbrooke.
    (AFP, 2/10/09)

2009        Feb 11, In northwest Pakistan provincial lawmaker Alam Zeb Khan was killed and seven other people wounded after a bicycle bombing in Peshawar, as US envoy Richard Holbrooke visited the city.
    (AFP, 2/11/09)

2009        Feb 12, Pakistanís government said for the first time that last November's attack on Mumbai was launched and partly planned from Pakistan, and that it was holding in custody a ringleader and five other suspects.
    (Reuters, 2/12/09)(SFC, 2/13/09, p.A2)

2009        Feb 14, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US missile strike by a drone aircraft flattened a militant hide-out, killing 27 local and foreign insurgents. Two officials said dozens of followers of Pakistan's top Taliban leader, Baitullah Mehsud, were staying in the housing compound when it was hit.
    (AP, 2/14/09)

2009        Feb 15, The Taliban announced a 10-day cease-fire in Pakistan's Swat Valley after freeing a Chinese hostage during peace talks with the government, while an abducted American threatened with imminent death by his kidnappers remained missing.
    (AP, 2/15/09)

2009        Feb 16, Pakistanís government agreed to impose Islamic law and suspend a military offensive across much the northwest in concessions aimed at pacifying the Taliban insurgency spreading from the border region to the country's interior.
    (AP, 2/16/09)

2009        Feb 17, NATO warned that Pakistan risked creating a safe haven for Islamist extremists after it struck a deal to impose Islamic law and suspend a military offensive in the former tourist haven of Swat.
    (AP, 2/17/09)

2009        Feb 18, In Pakistan a pro-Taliban cleric vowed to restore calm to the troubled Swat valley, leading thousands of men in a march for peace after securing a controversial deal to enforce sharia law. Gunmen killed a television reporter hours after he covered the peace march in the Swat Valley.
    (AFP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 20, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked the funeral of a slain Shiite Muslim leader, killing 28 people and triggering deadly rioting.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Feb 21, A Pakistani official said that the Taliban and the Pakistani government had agreed to a "permanent cease-fire" in the restive northwest Swat Valley. A roadside bomb apparently targeted an oil tanker headed to NATO troops in Afghanistan. The remote-controlled bomb killed one person and wounded two others near the Landi Kotal area. The Taliban had been engineering a class revolt for years by exploiting fissures between a small group of wealthy landlords and their landless tenants.
    (AP, 2/21/09)(WSJ, 4/16/09, p.A4)

2009        Feb 22, In Pakistan a top official said the local government the North West Frontier Province will distribute 30,000 rifles to villagers to help security forces fight the growing strength of Taliban and al-Qaida militants.
    (AP, 2/22/09)

2009        Feb 23, Pakistani paramilitary forces killed 10 Taliban militants in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan and destroyed more than a dozen vehicles and a main communications system.
    (AFP, 2/23/09)

2009        Feb 24, Taliban militants extended a cease-fire in northwestern Pakistan's Swat valley, granting more time for peace talks with the government that the US worries could create a haven for insurgents in the nuclear-armed country.
    (AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 25, Pakistan's Supreme Court barred main opposition leader and former premier Nawaz Sharif from holding office and contesting elections, sparking political turmoil in the nuclear-armed nation. The court also turfed his younger brother, Shahbaz Sharif, out of Punjabís provincial parliament and his post as its chief minister.
    (AFP, 2/25/09)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.47)

2009        Feb 26, In Pakistan thousands of supporters of former Pakistan premier Nawaz Sharif protested, a day after a court ruling to exclude him and his brother from elected office raised fears of renewed political turmoil.
    (Reuters, 2/26/09)

2009        Feb 27, In Pakistan police fought running battles with supporters of former PM Nawaz Sharif near Islamabad as protests against a court order barring him from elected office continued for a third day.
    (AP, 2/27/09)

2009        Feb 28, Pakistani officers said troops have defeated Taliban militants in the Bajur region near the Afghan border and are close to victory in the tribal region of Mohmand after a grinding offensive.
    (AP, 2/28/09)

2009        Mar 1, In northwest Pakistan at least eight people were killed in two suspected US missile strikes in South Waziristan near to the border with Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/1/09)

2009        Mar 2, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least five people and wounded seven others at a religious school in southwestern Kili Karbala village in Pishin district.
    (AFP, 3/2/09)

2009        Mar 3, In Pakistan at least a dozen men ambushed Sri Lanka's cricket team with rifles, grenades and rocket launchers as they drove to the stadium ahead of a match in Lahore, killing 6 policemen and a driver. The attackers melted away into the city. None were killed or captured.
    (AP, 3/3/09)

2009        Mar 5, Pakistani officials said that they have identified the gunmen who ambushed the Sri Lankan cricket team in Lahore on March 3, leaving 8 people dead. Police detained over 2 dozen men and most of them belonged to Jaish-e-Mohammed and Lashkar-e-Mohammed, groups linked to Al-Qaida and designated as terrorist organizations by the US.
    (WSJ, 3/6/09, p.A9)

2009        Mar 7, In Pakistan Taliban militants reportedly shot down a suspected drone aircraft in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan. In the northwest a bomb-laden car exploded as police tried to pull a body from it, killing 7 police and a bystander. A roadside bombing in Darra Adam Khel killed 3 civilians. A suicide bomber in the Khyber tribal region killed 4 people.
    (AFP, 3/7/09)(AP, 3/7/09)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.A10)

2009        Mar 8, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan carried out their first joint counter narcotics operation.
    (AP, 3/11/09)

2009        Mar 9, Pakistan's top security official warned opposition leader Nawaz Sharif that his recent anti-government speeches amounted to treason, ratcheting up tensions in the country ahead of planned protest rallies this week. A tribe in the northwestern Bajur region, where the military has fought insurgents, agreed to stop sheltering foreign fighters and hand over local Taliban leaders. A tribal elder said some militants could be pardoned and freed.
    (AP, 3/9/09)(AP, 3/10/09)

2009        Mar 10, Pakistani security forces claimed to have killed 35 militants in fresh fighting in the northwest, on the Afghanistan border. Gunmen torched a truck in Baluchistan province carrying supplies for NATO forces in neighboring Afghanistan, leaving its driver and a helper wounded.
    (AP, 3/10/09)(AFP, 3/10/09)

2009        Mar 11, Pakistan arrested hundreds of opposition activists and banned protests in two regions ahead of a planned rally outside the parliament that could weaken the already shaky rule of the country's US-allied government.
    (AP, 3/11/09)

2009        Mar 12, Pakistani police clashed with black-suited lawyers and opposition activists after the launch of a cross-country protest rally in defiance of government attempts to stop it. Paramilitary forces backed by jets and helicopter gunships killed 18 militants in a restive Pakistani tribal region bordering Afghanistan. A suspected US missile strike in northwest Pakistan killed at least 24 people, most of them Taliban militants.
    (Reuters, 3/12/09)(AFP, 3/12/09)(AFP, 3/13/09)

2009        Mar 13, Pakistani officials appealed to the opposition to join talks aimed at resolving the country's political crisis, even as police stepped up a crackdown on activists trying to reach the capital for a planned anti-government protest.
    (AP, 3/13/09)

2009        Mar 15,  Pakistan's opposition leader Nawaz Sharif defied house arrest to lead anti-government protests that briefly turned violent before becoming a jubilant show of force against the country's pro-Western president. Suspected militants attacked a transport terminal in northwestern Pakistan used to supply NATO troops in Afghanistan before dawn and torched dozens of containers and military vehicles. A suspected US missile strike killed two Arabs and three other people in northwest Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/15/09)

2009        Mar 16, In Pakistan the Zardari government relented in a major confrontation with the opposition, agreeing to reinstate Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry, the fired Supreme Court chief justice, whose fate had sparked street fights and raised fears of political instability. The government said Chaudhry would be sworn back in on March 21. PM Yousuf Raza Gilani's announcement also promised the restoration of a handful of other judges who had remained off the bench since former President Pervez Musharraf sacked them in 2007. Up to 50 militants attacked a terminal for trucks carrying supplies to US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, in the second such assault in northwest Pakistan in two days. A suicide bomber blew up at a busy bus terminal near Islamabad, killing at least nine people and wounding 18 more.
    (AP, 3/16/09)

2009        Mar 17, In Pakistan Islamic courts started work in the Swat valley under a controversial deal that the government hopes will end two years of bitter fighting.
    (AFP, 3/18/09)

2009        Mar 19, In Pakistan suspected Taliban militants fired a rocket that killed 8 people on a supply rout to Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.A1)

2009        Mar 22, In Pakistan Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry, the chief justice whose ouster spurred waves of protests that led to a president's downfall, returned to work, while the ruling party and opposition resolved to cooperate despite their own clash over his reinstatement.
    (AP, 3/22/09)

2009        Mar 23, Pakistani troops destroyed two militant hideouts in the troubled southwestern province of Baluchistan, where a UN official was kidnapped last month. A suicide bomber blew himself up at a police station housing Pakistanís terrorism intelligence offices, killing himself and one officer.
    (AFP, 3/23/09)(SFC, 3/24/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 25, In Pakistan a suspected US missile attack killed 8 militants, including 4 foreigners, in the stronghold of Baitullah Mehsud, Pakistan's top Taliban commander. The New York Times carried a report on its Web site saying ISI operatives provide money, military supplies and strategic planning guidance to Taliban commanders, with proof of the ties coming from electronic surveillance and trusted informants. The US State Department announced a $5 million bounty for Baitullah Mehsud.
    (AP, 3/25/09)(AP, 3/26/09)(SFC, 3/26/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 26, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed as many as 11 people at a restaurant near Tank, in South Waziristan, in an attack targeting opponents of the Taliban.
    (AP, 3/26/09)
2009        Mar 26, The UN's top human-rights body approved a proposal by Muslims nations urging passage of laws around the world to protect religion from criticism. The resolution was sponsored by Pakistan, Belarus and Venezuela.
    (AP, 3/26/09)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.17)

2009        Mar 27, Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari called for a US change of policy and voiced opposition to missile strikes. A suicide bomber demolished a mosque packed with hundreds of worshippers attending prayers near Jamrud in the Khyber Pass, killing at least 50 people and injuring over 100 more.
    (AFP, 3/27/09)(AP, 3/27/09)(SFC, 3/28/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 28, Pakistani security forces killed 26 militants during an operation in a restive tribal region bordering Afghanistan. Helicopter gunships went into action in Mohmand, one of seven lawless tribal districts in northwest Pakistan where Taliban militants have been active. Dozens of suspected militants fired rockets at a transport terminal in Peshawar, damaging a dozen shipping containers.
    (AFP, 3/28/09)(AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Mar 29, In northwest Pakistan militants fired rockets at police chasing them after a kidnapping, killing a senior police official and five other people in the Balambat area of Lower Dir. Elsewhere in the region militants kidnapped 11 police officers in the Khyber tribal area that is home to a major US military supply route.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Mar 30, In Lahore, Pakistan, a group of gunmen attacked the Manawan Police Training School and rampaged through it for hours, throwing grenades, seizing hostages and killing 7 police and 2 civilians before being overpowered by Pakistani security forces in armored vehicles and helicopters. Six militants were arrested and 8 others died in the 8-hour battle. A suicide car bombing killed four soldiers in Bannu district.
    (AP, 3/30/09)(AFP, 3/31/09)

2009        Mar 31, Baitullah Mehsud, the commander of the Pakistani Taliban, claimed responsibility for the March 30 deadly assault on a Pakistani police academy and said the group was planning a terrorist attack on the White House that would "amaze" the world. A spokesman from Fedayeen al-Islam, a little-known militant group linked to the Pakistani Taliban, also claimed credit for the attack and a similar ambush-style attack against the Sri Lankan cricket team earlier this month in Lahore.
    (AFP, 3/31/09)

2009        Apr 1, In Pakistan a suspected US drone fired two missiles at an alleged hide-out connected to a Taliban leader who has threatened to attack Washington, killing 14 people and wounding several others in a remote area of the Orakzai tribal region. Militants fired rockets and guns at a police van, killing five officers and wounding two in Upper Dir, on the Afghan border.
    (AP, 4/1/09)(SFC, 4/2/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 2, Pakistani authorities ordered an investigation into a video showing a man flogging a screaming woman in the country's northwest where the government recently agreed to introduce Islamic law to end a rebellion by Taliban militants. President Asif Ali Zardari was yet to sign the bill introducing Islamic law in the Swat Valley. A would-be suicide bomber shot himself dead when mourners confronted him at the funeral of a Pakistani police officer recently killed by militants.
    (AP, 4/2/09)(AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 4, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US drone fired two missiles at an alleged militant hide-out in North Waziristan, leaving 13 people dead including women and children. A suicide bomber killed 8 people in Islamabad. At least 62 illegal migrants were found suffocated to death inside a shipping container found near the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/4/09)(SSFC, 4/5/09, p.A7)

2009        Apr 5, In Pakistan a suicide bombing at a crowded Shiite mosque in Chakwal city in Punjab province killed 24-26 people. A senior Pakistani Taliban commander promised two more attacks per week in the country if the US does not stop missile strikes on Pakistani territory.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(AP, 4/6/09)(Econ, 4/11/09, p.39)

2009        Apr 7, In southern Pakistan police arrested five men alleged to be planning suicide attacks on the city of Karachi.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 7, Saudi authorities beheaded 3 Pakistanis convicted of killing a fellow Pakistani during a jewelry heist. This brought to 20 the number of beheadings in the kingdom this year.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 8, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US missile strike on a car near Wana, South Waziristan, killed two alleged militants and a civilian, a day after the US-allied country reiterated its opposition to such attacks to visiting American officials. Residents in Buner tried to push out a group of Taliban militants who had ventured into their territory from their stronghold in the Swat Valley and killed five people.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, British police arrested 12 suspects in a major anti-terror operation. 11 of the 12 were Pakistani nationals. One 18-year-old was soon handed over to the UK border agency for questioning about his immigration status. All the suspects were released after 2 weeks.
    (AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/11/09)(AP, 4/22/09)

2009        Apr 9, In Pakistan the remains 3 politicians were discovered in Baluchistan province, six days after they were reportedly abducted by armed men. They were identified as the head of the Baluchistan National Party (BNP), Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, his deputy Lala Munir Baloch, and Sher Mohammad, deputy secretary general of the Baluchistan Republican Party (BRP). Baloch played "an active role" in seeking the April 4 release of John Solecki, the UN refugee agency staffer. Rioting students set fire to two banks in another southwestern town. One policeman was killed and several others injured during the violent protests.
    (AP, 4/10/09)(AFP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 10, In southwest Pakistan four people were wounded in a bomb blast, where businesses closed for a second day to protest against the murder of 3 separatist politicians.
    (AFP, 4/10/09)

2009        Apr 11, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen shot dead 8 people in separate incidents in the province of Baluchistan, amid protests over the killing of 3 local leaders this week, police.
    (AFP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 12, In northwestern Pakistan about 150 militants armed with rockets and automatic weapons attacked a transport terminal that lies along a key supply route used by US and NATO troops, wounding three guards and torching eight cement trucks.
    (AP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 13, Pakistanís Pres. Asif Ali Zardari signed a bill imposing Islamic law in the Swat Valley. Pakistan's Maritime Security Agency arrested 20 Indian fishermen and seized their four boats for illegally trawling in its waters in the Arabian Sea. Authorities estimated that more than 100 Pakistani fishermen languished in Indian jails while Indian authorities say nearly 500 Indian fishermen were in Pakistani prisons. Rehman Malik, Pakistanís top civilian security official, said authorities in Karachi have arrested a Shahid Jamil Riaz, a 5th suspect in the November 2008 siege of Mumbai.
    (WSJ, 4/14/09, p.A1)(AFP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 14, Afghanistan warned that Pakistan's deal to allow Taliban to impose Islamic law in part of the country may have "dire consequences" for the region and could harm ties between the neighbors.
    (AFP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 15, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bombing killed six officers.
    (WSJ, 4/16/09, p.A1)

2009        Apr 16, In Pakistan Maulana Abdul Azi, the deposed chief cleric of Islamabad's radical Red Mosque, was freed on bail, nearly two years after he was captured during a bloody siege. An international human rights group urged Pakistan to reverse its decision to enforce Islamic law in a northwestern valley in a peace pact with the Taliban, saying the deal threatens women and takes the region back to the "Dark Ages."
    (AFP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Japan promised to pledge up to $1 billion in aid for cash-strapped Pakistan at a donors conference as allies pressed the country for commitments to fight an Islamist insurgency and implement economic reforms.
    (Reuters, 4/16/09)

2009        Apr 17, In Pakistan Maulana Abdul Aziz, the newly released leader of the radical Red Mosque, called for the enforcement of Islamic law across the militancy-plagued country during his defiant return to his prayer hall, where at least 100 died when Pakistani troops stormed the complex in 2007.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, Pakistan was stripped of its 2011 World Cup matches by the International Cricket Council. Growing security concerns cast the country firmly into the sporting wilderness.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, Thirty-one international donors, led by the US and Japan, pledged $5.3 billion to stabilize Pakistan's troubled economy and fight the spread of terrorism in the Islamic nation and neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/17/09)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.81)

2009        Apr 18, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into a military checkpoint near the Orakzai tribal region, killing at least 27 people.
    (AP, 4/18/09)(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A6)

2009        Apr 19, In Pakistan a suspected US missile attack aimed at Taliban and Al-Qaeda rebels on the outskirts of Wana, the main town in South Waziristan district along the border with Afghanistan, killed at least three militants. Pakistan helicopter gunships raided suspected militant hideouts near Ghiljo in the semi-autonomous tribal district of Orakzai near the Afghan border killing 20 insurgents and destroying their positions.
    (AFP, 4/19/09)(AFP, 4/20/09)

2009        Apr 20, Pakistan's central bank lowered the discount interest rate by one percentage point, acknowledging that the economy in the poverty-stricken, nuclear-armed nation was showing resilience. Pakistani security forces shelled and launched airstrikes against Taliban in the South Waziristan tribal region overnight, killing 4 civilians and 8 suspected militants.
    (AFP, 4/20/09)(AP, 4/20/09)

2009        Apr 23, Pakistani paramilitary forces rushing to protect government buildings and bridges in the Taliban-infiltrated district of Buner, just 60 miles from the capital, were met with gunfire that killed one police officer. Gunmen opened fire on a security convoy that included some of the Frontier Constabulary killing an escorting police officer and wounding another in the Totalai area. Dozens of militants armed with guns and gasoline bombs attacked a truck terminal near Peshawar, burning five tanker trucks carrying fuel to NATO troops in Afghanistan. The Pakistani army killed at least 11 militants on the third day of an operation against insurgents in the northwest's Orakzai tribal region.
    (AP, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 24, In Pakistan Taliban militants who had seized Buner district, just 60 miles from the capital, began pulling out after the government warned it would use force to evict them.
    (AP, 4/24/09)

2009        Apr 25, In northwest Pakistan at least four children were killed in a bomb explosion outside a girls' primary school in Luqman Banda village of Lower Dir town.
    (AFP, 4/25/09)

2009        Apr 26, Pakistan sent helicopter gunships and troops to attack Taliban militants in a district covered by a peace deal after strong US pressure on the nuclear-armed nation to confront insurgents advancing in its northwest.
    (AP, 4/26/09)

2009        Apr 27, In Pakistan Taliban militants declared their peace deal with the Pakistani government "worthless" after authorities deployed helicopters and artillery against hide-outs of Islamist guerrillas seeking to extend their grip along the Afghan border. Paramilitary troops killed 20 suspected militants, and a total of 46 have died since the operation began. A remote-controlled bomb exploded near a police patrol, killing an officer and a passer-by while wounding five other police in the northwest Lakki Marwat area.
    (AP, 4/27/09)

2009        Apr 28, Pakistani jets and attack helicopters bombed Taliban positions in the Buner district near the capital, in an expansion of an offensive against militants seemingly emboldened by a much-criticized peace deal. Militants seized three police stations in the north of Buner and kidnapped 70 police and paramilitary troops.
    (AP, 4/28/09)(AP, 4/29/09)

2009        Apr 29, Pakistani airstrikes killed dozens of Taliban fighters in a fierce struggle to drive them from the Buner district, within 60 miles (100 kilometers) of Islamabad. Troops faced an estimated 450-500 militants in Buner and forecast that the operation to drive them out would take about a week. Gun attacks in the mega-city of Karachi killed at least 34 people and threatened to ignite ethnic tension. 2 Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM) activists were gunned down by unknown shooters, sparking street violence.
    (AP, 4/29/09)(AP, 4/30/09)

2009        Apr 30, In Pakistan troops sent to repel a Taliban advance toward the Pakistani capital killed 14 suspected militants. Troops ousted militants from the Ambela Pass leading over the mountains into Buner and were inching toward the north. Militants, who have kidnapped dozens of lightly armed police and paramilitary troops, had burned a police station farther north and sealed off the town of Sultanwas.
    (AP, 4/30/09)

2009        May 1, In Pakistan the battle between security forces and Taliban militants left 55-60 militants dead over the last 24 hours in Buner district near the capital even as the government pressed with a much-criticized peace plan in the region. Based on combined tolls released by the military, nearly 200 militants have been killed in Operation Black Thunder since tanks, fighter jets and helicopter gunships swung into action in Buner and neighboring Lower Dir.
    (AFP, 5/1/09)
2009        May 1, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi held talks with visiting Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari on the situation in Pakistan and ways of bolstering ties between the two nations. Pakistan and Libya signed a string of agreements to bolster economic ties on the sidelines of Zardariís visit. The countries also decided to bolster ties in the fields of banking, health, education, public works and construction.
    (AFP, 5/1/09)(AFP, 5/2/09)

2009        May 2, In Pakistan scores of militants attacked the Spinal Tangi security post near the Afghan border, triggering a battle that left 18 combatants dead and cast doubt on claims by Pakistan's army to have regained control of a critical region. A Taliban commander in the Khyber region, just west of Peshawar, surrendered after authorities put pressure on his tribe. Iftikhar Khan Afridi was aligned with Baitullah Mehsud, the top Pakistani Taliban commander. The Taliban beheaded two government officials in the northwestern Swat Valley in revenge for the killing of two insurgent commanders by security forces.
    (AP, 5/2/09)(Reuters, 5/3/09)

2009        May 3, In Pakistan the bullet-ridden body of Fazal Haq (28), kidnapped two months ago, was found dumped by the side of a road in Naurak village, 15 km (nine miles) east of Miranshah, the main town in the semi-autonomous North Waziristan tribal region. He had been accused of spying for the United States. Militants beheaded 2 government officials in Swat, in revenge for the killing of two Taliban commanders in dir and Buner.
    (AFP, 5/3/09)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.45)

2009        May 4, In Pakistan clashes in a northwestern region covered by an increasingly fragile peace pact killed seven militants and one soldier. The Taliban ambushed an army convoy in Swat and armed Taliban appeared on the streets of Mingora.
    (AP, 5/4/09)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.45)

2009        May 5, In Pakistan fighting between Taliban militants and troops in a northwestern valley triggered an exodus the government said could see 500,000 people flee and signaled the end of a peace deal in the area widely criticized as a surrender to the extremists.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 6, Pakistani helicopter gunships and ground troops attacked the Taliban in the Swat valley. Pakistan said it killed more than 80 militants in heavy bombardments in an upsurge of fighting that has caused tens of thousands to flee and threatened to torpedo a northwest peace deal. There were also reports of civilian casualties in fighting in Swat.
    (AFP, 5/6/09)(AP, 5/7/09)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.45)

2009        May 7, In Pakistan attack helicopters and war planes pounded suspected Taliban hideouts as the government vowed a decisive victory in the northwest. Thousands of terrified Pakistanis dodged Taliban roadblocks to flee the Swat valley being shelled by the government, streaming into makeshift camps and crowding hospitals as the army bombarded the extremists who have taken over much of the area.
    (AP, 5/7/09)(AFP, 5/7/09)

2009        May 8, Pakistani jets screamed over Mingora, a Taliban-controlled town, and bombed suspected militant positions as hundreds of thousands fled in terror and other trapped residents appealed for a pause in the fighting so they could escape. Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas said that 140 militants had been killed in the last 24 hours, adding to around 150 already reported slain. He did give any figures for civilian deaths, but witness and local media say that noncombatants have been killed.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 9, Pakistani civilians cowered in hospital beds and refugees looted UN supplies, all of them desperate for relief from the fighting that has engulfed a northwestern valley as troops and warplanes struggled to drive out Taliban militants. The army said it killed as many as 55 more Taliban fighters in Swat. A suspected US missile strike killed nine people, mostly foreigners, in another militant stronghold near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 5/9/09)

2009        May 10, In Pakistan thousands of fearful civilians many on foot or donkey-pulled carts, streamed out of the Swat valley as authorities briefly lifted a curfew. The army said 50 to 60 militants died in various parts of the valley. Two soldiers also died in the latest fighting. The army said 12,000 to 15,000 troops in Swat face 4,000 to 5,000 militants, including small numbers of foreigners and hardened fighters from the South Waziristan tribal region. The Taliban executed Zahid Khan, imam of the main mosque in Mingora, because he had objected to their stockpiling arms and laying landmines.
    (AP, 5/10/09)(Econ, 5/16/09, p.45)

2009        May 11, Pakistani warplanes bombed suspected militant positions in a stronghold close to the capital, pressing ahead with a fierce offensive that has driven hundreds of thousands from their homes, many into crowded refugee camps. 52 Islamist fighters were reported killed. The government claimed 700 insurgents had died over the last 4 days and that the Taliban were on the run.
    (AP, 5/11/09)(SFC, 5/12/09, p.A2)

2009        May 12, In Pakistan helicopter-borne soldiers swooped into a Taliban stronghold in a remote corner of Swat, as the UN urged help for hundreds of thousands of people displaced by the fighting. A suspected US drone attack killed up to eight people in South Waziristan, a remote tribal area near the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 5/12/09)(AP, 5/12/09)
2009        May 12, In Pakistan a suspected US drone attack killed up to eight people in South Waziristan, a remote tribal area near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2009        May 13, In Pakistan troops secured footholds in Swat valley overrun by the Taliban, killing 11 militants and discovering 5 headless corpses near Mingora, the region's main town. Dozens of assailants stormed a transport depot handling supplies for NATO troops in neighboring Afghanistan and torched eight trucks before escaping.
    (AP, 5/13/09)

2009        May 14, Pakistan said artillery batteries shelled suspected hideouts in Swat and the neighboring district of Lower Dir, with the military claiming to have killed 54 militants in the last 24 hours. Nine soldiers were reported killed. Residents said that armed Taliban have mined roads and dug trenches around up to 200,000 civilians encircled by Pakistani troops.
    (AFP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 15, Pakistani forces killed 55 Taliban in the northwestern valley of Swat, and lifted a curfew to allow thousands more civilians to flee before troops assail the Taliban-held main town of Mingora. Militants had mounted a counterattack, and three soldiers were killed and 11 wounded in various clashes over the previous 24 hours.
    (AP, 5/15/09)

2009        May 16, In Pakistan a suspected US drone aircraft fired missiles at militants in the North Waziristan ethnic Pashtun tribal region. Pakistani intelligence agents said the militants were preparing to cross into Afghanistan to fight there and among the 28 dead were two Arabs. A car packed with mortar bombs blew up in the city of Peshawar, killing 11 people including four children passing in a school bus.
    (Reuters, 5/16/09)

2009        May 17, In Pakistan an army statement said 25 militants and a soldier had died in the previous 24 hours in the Swat valley, and that security forces had surrounded and entered Matta and Kanju, two key towns in the area. Britain's Sunday Times reported that Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari said military action would follow in the tribal belt.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 18, Pakistani jets and helicopters bombarded militant targets in Swat, where troops entered strategic towns in a pincer thrust towards the Taliban-held capital of the northwest valley.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        May 20, Pakistani troops killed 80 militants and drove the Taliban from a major urban stronghold, as US military planes brought aid for refugees fleeing fierce fighting across the northwest. Government forces cleared Sultanwas, the main Taliban-held town in Buner, overnight following intense clashes. Residents of Kalam gathered quickly to fight off the Taliban. They captured eight militants during a shootout and were expecting another attack.
    (AP, 5/20/09)(AP, 5/21/09)

2009        May 21, Pakistan said five soldiers and an unspecified number of "miscreants-terrorists" were killed in battles in several parts of the Swat valley during the previous 24 hours. Seven militants were captured.
    (AP, 5/21/09)

2009        May 22, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a congested marketplace in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing at least 5 people wounding dozens. Troops encircled Taliban militants in their mountain base as well as the main town in the Swat Valley, as the UN appealed for $543 million to ease the suffering of nearly 2 million refugees from the fighting.
    (AFP, 5/22/09)(AP, 5/22/09)(SFC, 5/23/09, p.A2)

2009        May 23, Pakistani security forces entered Mingora, the main town in a northwestern Taliban stronghold, engaging in fierce street battles as they tried to wrench the Swat Valley from militants. 17 suspected militants were killed in the past 24 hours of the operation. Matta, another major town in the valley, has been cleared of militants, but some 1,500 to 2,000 insurgents remain in the valley. Gunmen in southwestern Baluchistan province kidnapped a French tourist, snatching him from a group of compatriots.
    (AP, 5/23/09)(AFP, 5/23/09)

2009        May 24, Pakistani troops battling the Taliban captured several points in the Swat Valley's main town, including a spot nicknamed "bloody intersection" because militants routinely dumped the mutilated bodies of their victims there. Five suspected militants were killed in various parts of Mingora while 14 others were arrested. Overall in the valley, 10 militants were killed in the past 24 hours while three security troops died. Elsewhere in the northwest, helicopter gunships pounded alleged militant hide-outs in a tribal region, killing at least 18 people. Police said they had captured Qari Ihsanullah, an important militant commander and six other Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 5/24/09)

2009        May 25, Pakistan's military said it was facing "stiff resistance" as it battled to wrest Swat valley out of Taliban hands, in an offensive that has scattered 2.38 million terrified civilians.
    (AFP, 5/25/09)

2009        May 26, Pakistan's supreme court overturned a ban on former premier Nawaz Sharif from holding office, allowing the popular opposition leader to contest elections. Military commanders said troops fighting street-by-street with Taliban militants have regained control of more than half of the largest town in the Swat valley, and many insurgents were now fleeing the battlefield.
    (AFP, 5/26/09)(AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 27, In Pakistan suspected suicide attackers detonated a car bomb that destroyed a police building and sheared walls off a nearby office of the top intelligence service in Lahore. About 30 people were killed and some 300 wounded. Troops backed by helicopter gunships killed 10 suspected militants and captured a cache of weapons in raids on Siplapai town in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 5/27/09)(AFP, 5/27/09)(AP, 5/28/09)

2009        May 28, In Pakistan two new blasts ripped through the Qissa Khawani market in Peshawar, killing at least 13 people.
    (AP, 5/28/09)(SFC, 5/29/09, p.A2)

2009        May 30, A Pakistani army spokesman said troops have retaken Mingora, the largest town in the Swat Valley from the Taliban, though they were still meeting pockets of resistance from fighters on the outskirts of the town. 25 militants and seven soldiers were killed in clashes in South Waziristan near the Afghan border, a bolt-hole for Taliban and Al-Qaeda-linked militants south of the current army bombardment.
    (AP, 5/30/09)(AP, 5/31/09)

2009        May 31, Pakistanís military relaxed a curfew in most parts of the northwest including Mingora to allow people trapped on the roads to return home or leave the region. Taliban militants attacked a school in Hangu town south of Peshawar, killing one administrator and kidnapping three other people. In North Waziristan, a former government doctor and an Afghan national were killed by suspected militants.
    (AP, 5/31/09)

2009        Jun 1, Pakistan's army said it lifted curfews in several parts of the Swat Valley as it hunted Taliban militants in the region, while insurgents killed two soldiers in a tribal region that could be the next front in the northwest military offensive. Armed Taliban ambushed a convoy of some 30 vehicles carrying students home for the summer. Many of the buses managed to get away. 71 students and nine staff from an army-run college were rescued the next morning as militants moved them from North Waziristan to South Waziristan. A handful of students remained unaccounted for.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(AFP, 6/2/09)

2009        Jun 2, A Pakistani court ordered the release of Hafiz Mohammed Saeed, the founder of banned Pakistani militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba, because there was insufficient evidence to link him to last year's deadly Mumbai attacks. India immediately condemned the ruling. Pakistan's military said that troops were fighting inside the Taliban stronghold of Charbagh, 20km from the Swat valley's main town Mingora. The military said it had killed 21 militants in the past 24 hours of its offensive, while three soldiers died. Gunmen in Peshawar stormed a factory owned by a senior minister of North West Frontier Province, kidnapping eight workers and killing a guard who resisted.
    (AP, 6/2/09)(AFP, 6/2/09)

2009        Jun 3, Osama bin Laden threatened Americans in a new audio tape, saying President Barack Obama inflamed hatred toward the US by ordering Pakistan to crack down on militants in Swat Valley and block Islamic law in the area.
    (AP, 6/3/09)

2009        Jun 5, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 38 people and wounded 40 attending prayers at a mosque in the Haya Gai area of Upper Dir, as the country's leaders urged visiting US envoy Holbrooke for more aid to stave off Taliban-led militancy. 4 soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 6/5/09)(AP, 6/6/09)

2009        Jun 6, Pakistan said that two close aides of a pro-Taliban cleric died when a makeshift bomb ripped through a military convoy transporting them for interrogation. The dead aides of Sufi Mohammad, who negotiated a peace deal in the northwest between Taliban rebels and the Pakistani government, were arrested on June 4 along with three Afghan nationals. 2 policemen were killed late in the day when a suicide bomber walked up to a police emergency helpline center, in an Islamabad residential district home to many government officials, and detonated explosives strapped to his body. Villagers in the northwest attacked Taliban militants killing 11 of them in revenge for a bomb attack on a mosque that killed about 40 people a day earlier.
    (AFP, 6/6/09)(AFP, 6/7/09)(AP, 6/7/09)

2009        Jun 7, In Pakistan a top government official and residents said villagers in the northwest have attacked Taliban militants killing seven of them in revenge for a bomb attack on a mosque that killed about 40 people 2 days earlier.
    (AP, 6/7/09)

2009        Jun 9, In Pakistan the military started shelling Taliban hide-outs in the Bannu district in the northwest. The shelling began after a deadline given to tribal leaders in the region to hand over militant suspects by the end of June 8 had expired. At least nine people were killed when three attackers shot their way through a security checkpost and rammed an explosives-laden truck into Peshawar's five-star Pearl Continental.
    (AP, 6/9/09)(AFP, 6/10/09)(AFP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 10, Pakistan launched a new operation against Taliban fighters in the northwest.
    (Reuters, 6/10/09)

2009        Jun 11, Pakistan's army said it had killed 66 Taliban as fighting spilled into a tribal area and known bolthole for the militant group blamed for a deadly bombing at a luxury hotel. One person was killed and 35 injured when a bomb hidden in a toilet exploded on a train in southwestern Baluchistan province. On a road to Peshawar, gunmen attacked the car of northwest provincial minister for prisons Mian Nisar Gul. The official was wounded, while two of his bodyguards and one of the assailants were killed. In the northwestern town of Dera Ismail Khan one person was killed and 30 wounded in two separate hand grenade attacks in crowded bazaars.
    (AP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 12, Pakistanís military said at least 39 Taliban militants and 10 soldiers were killed in fierce fighting over the last 24 hours in the northwest Swat valley. Two back-to-back suicide attacks on mosques in the eastern city of Lahore and northwestern garrison town of Nowshera killed six people including vocal anti-Taliban religious scholar Sarfraz Naeemi.
    (AFP, 6/12/09)(AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 12, In New Jersey an Indictment was unsealed today against three individuals who allegedly hacked into the telephone systems of large corporations and entities in the US and abroad and sold information about the compromised telephone systems to Pakistani nationals residing in Italy. Italian law enforcement conducted searches of approximately 10 locations in four regions of Italy and arrested the financiers of the hacking activity. Those financiers allegedly used the information to transmit over 12 million minutes of telephone calls valued at more than $55 million over the hacked networks of victim corporations in the US alone.
    (SFC, 6/16/09, p.A2)(http://newark.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/2009/nk061209.htm)

2009        Jun 13, Pakistan unveiled a deficit national budget, proposing an increase in defense expenditure to help fight Taliban militants while boosting agriculture and industrial output and reducing poverty. Pakistani troops reportedly killed 41 militants overnight in their offensive against the Taliban in the northwest. Jets bombed insurgent hideouts in response to two suicide attacks the previous day. 30 suspected militants were killed in strikes in South Waziristan.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)(AFP, 6/14/09)

2009        Jun 14, Pakistan said it would resort to force against Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud in South Waziristan. Militants remotely-detonated explosives hidden in a rickshaw, causing chaos at a busy market in Dera Ismail Khan town, with 9 people killed and dozens injured. Jet planes bombed hideouts in the tribal area of Bajaur. Up to 44 suspected militants killed in the onslaught. A US drone attack targeting a militant vehicle killed at least three people, including Uzbek and Arab militants, in the Mardar Algad area of South Waziristan.
    (AFP, 6/14/09)(AFP, 6/15/09)(SFC, 6/15/09, p.A4)

2009        Jun 15, Pakistani forces pounded militants in tribal areas, after vowing an all-out assault on a Taliban chief in the lawless Afghan border region known to be an Al-Qaeda and rebel hideout.
    (AFP, 6/15/09)

2009        Jun 16, Pakistan's military said it is in the early stages of an operation targeting the country's Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud in a key stronghold of al-Qaida and other militants.
    (AP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, Indian PM Manmohan Singh met with Pakistan's president for the first time since last year's deadly terrorist attacks on Mumbai, and told him Pakistan must prevent its territory from being used to launch such attacks. The leaders of South Asia's nuclear-armed neighbors met on the sidelines of summits in the Ural Mountains city of Yekaterinburg.
    (AP, 6/16/09)

2009        Jun 17, In northwest Pakistan tribesman seeking to avenge a deadly mosque bombing killed six Taliban. 22 suspected rebels were killed in the Swat Valley over the last 24 hours in an ongoing military offensive.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)(SFC, 6/18/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 18, In northwestern Pakistan suspected US missile strikes pounded the hide-outs of Taliban commander Malang Wazir, killing at least eight people.
    (AP, 6/18/09)

2009        Jun 19, Pakistani fighter jets bombed Taliban militant hideouts in the northwest tribal belt, as the death toll from a suspected US missile strike a day earlier rose to 13.
    (AFP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, New York Times reporter David S. Rohde (41) escaped from kidnappers in Pakistan after more than seven months in captivity and was flown to Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan the next day.
    (AP, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 20, Pakistani warplanes resumed strikes against militant hideouts in South Waziristan. There was heavy fighting in the villages of Barwand and Madijan and about 50 militants were killed, the first confirmed militant casualties of the offensive in South Waziristan. A citizens' militia trying to drive out the Taliban killed seven militants in a two-hour clash in the troubled northwest. Another militant was wounded in the fighting night near the village of Patrak. The military killed seven militants and arrested 16 others in Malakand, which includes Upper and Lower Dir, Buner and Swat districts.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(AP, 6/21/09)(AFP, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 21, Pakistani forces used aircraft and artillery as they stepped up an assault aimed at eliminating Pakistani Taliban commander Baituallah Mehsud.
    (Reuters, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 22, Pakistan's army said they were in the final phase of a campaign to crush militants in Swat valley, as clashes intensified with Taliban fighters in the northwest tribal belt. Militants near the Afghan border launched attacks on three Pakistani military bases and fighter jets responded with airstrikes that killed at least 21 people, mostly insurgents. 3 women and 3 children died when the house of a local tribal leader was hit in the Razmak area. A suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into a police checkpoint in the Bagram district bordering Swat, killing two people.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)(AP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jun 23, In Pakistan 3 unmanned drones fired missiles at the funeral procession for suspected militants killed in South Waziristan by a similar strike earlier in the day. As many as 50-80 people were reported killed. Taliban faction leader Qari Zainuddin was fatally shot in Dera Ismail Khan, reportedly by one of his own guards. He was seen as the chief rival to Baitullah Mehsud, the militant group's Pakistani head.
    (AP, 6/23/09)(AP, 6/24/09)(AP, 6/25/09)(SFC, 6/25/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 23, An Indian court issued arrest warrants for 22 Pakistani nationals accused of masterminding last year's deadly Mumbai terrorist attacks, including the founder of an Islamist militant group recently freed by a Pakistani court.
    (AP, 6/23/09)

2009        Jun 25, Pakistan's PM Gilani told Washington's visiting top security adviser that the US must halt drone attacks on its soil, after they killed dozens of people in the northwest.
    (AFP, 6/25/09)

2009        Jun 27, In Pakistan at least 12 militants were killed and more than a dozen wounded when government forces attacked suspected bases of Mehsud and his Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) in South Waziristan. Two Pakistani fighter jets pounded Taliban militant hideouts in Makeen and Laddah, killing 10 Taliban and injuring 15 others. Overnight, police killed five suspected militants with links to Mehsud who were said to be plotting terrorist attacks on the port city of Karachi. Militants fired six rockets at a security camp and a paramilitary fort in Wana, the main town of South Waziristan. Security forces in retaliation shelled the militants, killing two and wounding three others. A resident said the shelling also killed two civilians and wounded three others. Insurgents fired rockets at Pakistani forces at a South Waziristan paramilitary Frontier Corps camp, killing an officer and injuring three soldiers.
    (AFP, 6/27/09)(AFP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jun 28, The Pakistani government offered a $615,000 reward for information leading to the capture or death of Baitullah Mehsud. Fighter jets bombarded militant hideouts in Samm village of Laddha town in South Waziristan, killing 8 rebels. An ambush by rival Taliban under Gul Bahadur killed 23 soldiers in North Waziristan. 10 suspected militants were also killed in the attack. A stray mortar shell hit a mosque during prayers in Azam Warsak in South Waziristan, killing 3 tribesmen and wounding 7.
    (AP, 6/28/09)(AP, 6/29/09)(SFC, 6/29/09, p.A2)(Econ, 7/25/09, p.38)

2009        Jun 29, Pakistani security forces launched an early morning raid on a suspected militant hideout in Tank, a small city near South Waziristan, killing two suspected militants and arresting nine others. 21 militants reportedly died in overnight clashes with an anti-Taliban militia in Kurram tribal region. Violence over the 24 hours claimed nearly 70 lives in the northwest region bordering Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/29/09)(SFC, 6/30/09, p.A2)

2009        Jun 30, Pakistanís military said that 18 militants and three soldiers had been killed in the previous 24 hours. It also said militants had killed 18 of their wounded comrades in Swat. A militant faction allied with Mehsud in North Waziristan, another militant hotbed on the Afghan border, said it was ending a pact with the government because of US drone aircraft attacks and the presence of government forces in their area.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jul 1, In northwestern Pakistan tribesmen attacked Taliban hide-outs, killing 28 militants and suffering seven fatalities themselves. The intensifying battles prompted them to ask for army troops to help. A new opinion poll was released saying 81 percent of Pakistanis view the fundamentalist Muslim militants as a critical threat to the country.
    (AP, 7/1/09)

2009        Jul 2, In Rawalpindi, Pakistan, a suicide bomber targeted employees of a nuclear facility left 29 people wounded. Near Peshawar, the main city in the northwest, a roadside bomb killed two policemen and wounded five more. Maulvi Nazir, a powerful militant chieftain in the frontier region of South Waziristan, declared a cease-fire against security forces.
    (AP, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 3, In Pakistan US missiles slammed into the hideout of Taliban commander Noor Wali, allied to warlord Baitullah Mehsud in the tribal belt in South Waziristan. Another missile strike hit an insurgent communications center in Kokat Khel. The strikes reportedly killed a total of 17 people. Pakistani warplanes bombed suspected militant hide-outs, killing at least four insurgents and wounding seven others. The Pakistani military said at least 13 militants and four local tribesmen were killed over the last 24 hours in the districts of Swat and Dir. A Pakistani helicopter crash killed 26 security personnel on the mountainous border of the Orakzai and Khyber ethnic Pashtun tribal regions. The Taliban claimed responsibility, but a senior security official said the military MI-17 helicopter had crashed due to a technical fault. Ehsan, alias Abu Jandal, a mid-level Taliban commander, was killed in Qambar area.
    (AFP, 7/3/09)(AP, 7/3/09)(AFP, 7/4/09)(SFC, 7/4/09, p.A3)(AFP, 7/5/09)

2009        Jul 4, Pakistani warplanes and helicopter gunships pounded Taliban positions in the country's volatile northwest, killing at least 12 suspected insurgents. Clashes between tribesmen and Taliban fighters left 16 people dead in the remote Mohmand region. Army helicopters attacked a militant position in the area the previous dayís helicopter crash and struck a militant bunker on a peak. 10 bodies were reported found lying there.
    (AP, 7/4/09)(Reuters, 7/4/09)

2009        Jul 5, Pakistani fighter jets targeted suspected Taliban hide-outs in a tribal region near Afghanistan, killing as many as six people in North Waziristan. Gunship helicopters shelled militant hideouts at Mangaltan area of Charbagh town. At least ten militants were killed in the shelling. At least three militants were killed and many injured in shelling in the Orakzai region. Elsewhere in the northwest, two bomb explosions killed two people and wounded 15 more in Upper Dir district.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(AFP, 7/5/09)

2009        Jul 7, In Pakistan a US missile strike pulverized a compound in a stronghold of Taliban warlord Baitullah Mehsud, killing 16 foreign and local militants in South Waziristan. Two paramilitary soldiers were killed and nine security personnel wounded in three bomb attacks in North and South Waziristan. The military said that four militants were killed, including a brother of Ibn-e-Amin, one of the most-wanted Taliban commanders in the Swat valley.
    (AFP, 7/7/09)

2009        Jul 8, In Pakistan a US drone fired 6 missiles and killed 10 suspected militants at a training camp about 35 kilometers northeast of Wana. At least 35 suspected militants were killed in a second US missile strike targeting insurgents in the northwest tribal belt.
    (AFP, 7/8/09)(SFC, 7/9/09, p.A4)

2009        Jul 9, Pakistanís government announced a plan to allow some 2 million people who fled the offensive to return home next week, saying the region was now secure and essential services restored. A landmine killed five paramilitary soldiers and wounded four others in the insurgency-plagued province of Baluchistan. Dozens of militants overran a police post and killed four officers in the northwest city of Khar. 
    (AFP, 7/9/09)(AP, 7/10/09)

2009        Jul 10, In Pakistan clashes between security forces and militants left at least 20 people dead in a northwest region that the army claimed to have cleared of insurgents earlier this year.
    (AP, 7/10/09)

2009        Jul 11, In central Pakistan police killed one suspected militant and seized a truckload of automatic weapons and explosives after a five-hour shootout at a religious school in Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab province. A clash with militants in South Waziristan killed a soldier. Gunmen killed 5 police officers and a forestry official responding to reports of a dead body in Mansehra.
    (AP, 7/11/09)(AP, 7/12/09)(SFC, 7/13/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 12, Pakistani fighter jets pounded suspected militant hide-outs in the South Waziristan tribal region as part of ongoing operations against Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud. At least 8 militants were killed. A military statement described continued reports of unrest in the Swat valley, including a remote-controlled bomb that wounded 7 tribal police officers in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 7/12/09)

2009        Jul 13, Pakistan began sending home about two million people displaced two months ago by the army's assault on Taliban militants in the Swat valley. An explosion in Punjab province destroyed a house used as a religious seminary, killing at least nine people, seven of them children, and leaving many others in critical condition.
    (AP, 7/13/09)

2009        Jul 14, In Pakistan fighting overnight in the lawless tribal belt killed 23 Taliban militants. An attack in the Khyber region destroyed an oil tanker supplying NATO forces based across the border in Afghanistan and left 2 civilians dead. Troops killed 13 militants in the latest clashes in the Swat Valley, underscoring the region's fragile security even as refugees displaced by fighting return home.
    (AFP, 7/14/09)(AP, 7/15/09)

2009        Jul 15, In northwest Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded at a police checkpoint, killing a paramilitary soldier and a police officer and wounding six policemen in the Bannu area.
    (AP, 7/15/09)

2009        Jul 16, The leaders of India and Pakistan, following rare talks in Egypt, vowed to cooperate in the fight against terror in the wake of the devastating Mumbai attacks.
    (AFP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, In northwestern Pakistan gunmen killed UN employee Zill-e-Usman (59) and a guard during a failed kidnap attempt at a refugee camp near Peshawar, a blow to humanitarian efforts to help civilians displaced by army offensives against the Taliban.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(SFC, 7/17/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 17, In Pakistan a missile believed to have been fired by a US drone killed five militants in North Waziristan, a tribal region known as a haven for Taliban and al Qaeda fighters. Militants destroyed two NATO fuel tankers in separate roadside bomb attacks in the Khyber tribal region, one of the two land routes for supplies going to Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 7/17/09)

2009        Jul 18, Pakistani government warplanes flattened a suspected Taliban hide-out in the northwest, killing nine associates of Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud.
    (AP, 7/18/09)

2009        Jul 19,  In Pakistan at least 26 people died in heavy overnight rains in Karachi.
    (AP, 7/19/09)

2009        Jul 20, Pakistani said clashes between security forces and militants have left 20 people dead in the northwest over the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 7/20/09)
2009        Jul 20, In India Ajmal Kasab (21), the lone surviving gunman in the Nov 26, 2008, Mumbai attacks, pleaded guilty and gave a detailed account of the plot, his training in Pakistan and his role in the rampage that killed 171 people dead and paralyzed the city for three days.
    (AP, 7/20/09)(SFC, 7/21/09, p.A3)

2009        Jul 21, Pakistanís military said 3 days of clashes between security forces and militants in the northwest left more than 56 militants and six soldiers dead. Pakistani fighter jets destroyed two suspected militant hide-outs in South Waziristan, killing six men believed to be associates of Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud.
    (AP, 7/21/09)(AP, 7/22/09)

2009        Jul 22, Pakistan urged the US to share intelligence from spy flights and arm its soldiers against militants accused by Washington of plotting attacks from the Afghan border.
    (AP, 7/22/09)

2009        Jul 23, In Pakistan the Taliban denied claims that Maulana Fazlullah, architect of a brutal uprising in Pakistan's Swat valley, was wounded and threatened to unleash renewed holy war. Pakistan said on July 8 it had "credible" information that Fazlullah was injured during a blistering offensive designed to crush Taliban militants. Two policemen were killed and three others wounded when a roadside bomb exploded near a checkpoint in Shangla district. A bomb hidden in a supposed gift of a tape recorder killed another policeman at a checkpoint outside the town of Karak, which borders the Taliban-infested North Waziristan tribal district.
    (AFP, 7/23/09)
2009        Jul 23, US counter-terrorism officials said that Saad bin Laden (27), the 2nd-eldest son of Al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, was apparently killed in a US missile strike inside Pakistan this year.
    (SFC, 7/24/09, p.A4)

2009        Jul 24, In Pakistan 10 militants were killed in Buner district and 29 were arrested elsewhere in the region. Troops killed four militants in Swat and destroyed a training camp and a militants' cave. In Upper Dir jets pounded a suspected Taliban base, killing at least four militants.
    (AFP, 7/24/09)(AFP, 7/25/09)

2009        Jul 25, In Pakistan a remote controlled bomb killed two Pakistani soldiers in the tribal Bajaur district. Troops retaliated killing three suspected Taliban militants.
    (AP, 7/25/09)

2009        Jul 26, In Pakistan Moulana Sufi Mohammad, the radical Islamic cleric who brokered a peace deal with the Taliban in Swat, was arrested in the restive northwest. Sufi Mohammad is the father-in-law of Moulana Fazllulah, the leader of the Taliban in Swat and head of a banned Pakistani Islamist rebel group called Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (TNSM).
    (AP, 7/26/09)

2009        Jul 27, In Pakistan North West Frontier Province Senior Minister Bashir Ahmad Bilour said security forces had rescued dozens of children aged 6 to 15 who the Taliban were allegedly training as suicide bombers.
    (AP, 7/28/09)

2009        Jul 28, In Pakistan the decapitated body of a Pakistani police constable was discovered in the Swat town of Sangota. The find was a sign that Taliban militants have not given up the fight for the northwestern valley, despite the nearly three-month-old army offensive there. A suicide car bomber rammed his vehicle into a checkpoint in North Waziristan tribal region, causing an explosion that killed 2 police and wounded 5 other security officials.
    (AP, 7/28/09)
2009        Jul 28, Richard Holbrooke, the US special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan, said in Brussels that Taliban militants are receiving more funding from sympathizers abroad than from Afghanistan's illegal drug trade. NATO military officials in Afghanistan have estimated that the Taliban raise between $60-$100 million a year from the trade in illegal narcotics.
    (AP, 7/28/09)

2009        Jul 28, In Pakistan the decapitated body of a Pakistani police constable was discovered in the Swat town of Sangota. The find was a sign that Taliban militants have not given up the fight for the northwestern valley, despite the nearly three-month-old army offensive there. A suicide car bomber rammed his vehicle into a checkpoint in North Waziristan tribal region, causing an explosion that killed 2 police and wounded 5 other security officials.
    (AP, 7/28/09)

2009        Jul 29, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb ripped through the parking area at a court in Dera Ismail Khan, killing two men guarding a Shiite Muslim lawyer. Troops waging an offensive elsewhere in the region killed at least four suspected Taliban fighters over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In Tajikistan the Pakistani and Tajik presidents pledged to step up efforts to fight Islamist militants at a regional summit amid concerns about the spread of violence from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)

2009        Jul 31, Pakistan's Supreme Court ruled that former Pres. Pervez Musharraf's imposition of emergency rule in 2007 was unconstitutional.
    (AP, 7/31/09)

2009        Aug 1, In Pakistan an angry mob of Muslims killed six Christians and wounded dozens after burning 40 houses and a church over the alleged desecration of the Koran in Gojra village, Punjab province. Two men wounded by gunfire died in the hospital overnight. A building collapsed in Karachi killing at least 21 people.
    (AFP, 8/1/09)(AP, 8/2/09)(SSFC, 8/2/09, p.A6)

2009        Aug 2, In Pakistan two policemen were shot and killed by men who fled from a checkpoint in the northwestern city of Peshawar. The military said that four militants were killed and another 27, including a suspected local commander, were arrested in several search-and-clearance operations in Swat and nearby areas.
    (AP, 8/2/09)

2009        Aug 5, In Pakistan the 2nd wife of Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud was killed in a US drone attack targeting her husband at a home in the tribal belt near the Afghan border. Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud was also killed in the US missile strike in South Waziristan. He had led a violent campaign of suicide attacks and assassinations against the Pakistani government. News of his death was not made public until 2 days later.
    (AFP, 8/5/09)(AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 6, In northern Pakistan a bus veered off a narrow mountain road and plunged into a river, leaving about 34 people, including 26 soldiers, missing and presumed dead. Sardar Rustam Jamali, the excise and taxation minister in the western province of Baluchistan, was killed when robbers tried to steal his car in an eastern neighborhood of the city.
    (AP, 8/6/09)

2009        Aug 7, In Pakistan a deadly shooting reportedly took place at a meeting of top Taliban commanders Hakimullah Mehsud (28), a deputy to Baitullah Mehsud and the warlord's main spokesman, and Wali-ur Rehman, a senior commander in Mehsud's umbrella Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) movement. They had convened to discuss the choice of a successor to Baitullah Mehsud. Both commanders later phoned international media organizations to prove they were alive.
    (AFP, 8/9/09)(AP, 8/12/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.34)

2009        Aug 8, In Pakistan a gunfight between militants and supporters of a pro-government tribal elder killed 6 militants and 2 tribesmen in the Mohmand tribal region near the Afghan border.
    (AFP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 8, Indiaís army said its troops killed three Islamic militants along the de facto Kashmir border, thwarting the seventh attempt by rebels to infiltrate from Pakistan in a week.
    (AFP, 8/8/09)

2009        Aug 9, In Pakistan two civilians and a policeman were killed when militants ambushed a police convoy in the northwestern town of Bannu. Two Pakistani soldiers were killed and four were wounded near Naurak village in the troubled North Waziristan tribal district when a remote-control bomb targeting a military convoy exploded. At least eight dead bodies of suspected Taliban militants were found in different areas of the northwestern Swat valley.
    (AFP, 8/9/09)

2009        Aug 10, In Pakistan attack helicopters and artillery pounded militant hideouts following clashes between rebels and security forces in North Waziristan. 3 militants were reported killed.
    (AFP, 8/10/09)

2009        Aug 11, In Pakistan police officials in Islamabad confirmed that they had registered a criminal case against former Pres. Pervez Musharraf for detaining 60 Supreme Court judges and their families following emergency rule in 2007.
    (SFC, 8/12/09, p.A3)
2009        Aug 11, In Pakistan at least 10 militants were killed in a suspected US drone strike in South Waziristan region, the same area where Pakistani Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud is said to have been killed last week.
    (Reuters, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 12, In northwestern Pakistan's tribal belt clashes between Taliban militants and followers of  pro-government Turkistan Bitani left at least 70 fighters dead.
    (AP, 8/12/09)(SFC, 8/13/09, p.A2)

2009        Aug 13, In northwest Pakistan helicopter gunships pummeled the bases of Taliban commander Hakimullah Mehsud, killing at least 12 insurgents as government forces ratcheted up pressure on the militants following their top leader's reported death. 2 intelligence officials said a suicide bomber killed pro-government lashkar leader Malik Khadeen, who was instrumental in fighting Uzbek militants operating with the Taliban in South Waziristan. In the Bajur tribal area authorities found the bodies of two anti-Taliban lashkar leaders near a security checkpoint. The two lashkar commanders, Malik Sehar Gul and Malik Jalindhar, had been kidnapped the night before.
    (AP, 8/13/09)

2009        Aug 14, Pakistan lifted a ban on political activities in its tribal regions, granting the areas close to Afghan border parliamentary representation for the first time in the hopes it would reduce the grip of the Taliban there. 3 bomb explosions killed a man and wounded 18 other people in Baluchistan, an impoverished but oil-rich province where Baluch nationalist groups have been fighting for more autonomy for decades.
    (AP, 8/14/09)

2009        Aug 15, In Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden car into a checkpoint in the northwestern Swat Valley, killing at least five people in a reminder that extremists can still strike despite the military's retaking of the area. Air strikes by government fighter jets killed 16 militants and destroyed several Taliban hideouts in tribal South Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/15/09)(AFP, 8/17/09)

2009        Aug 16, In Pakistan seven suspected Taliban militants were killed during a gunfight with soldiers in Kabal village, about 20 kilometers northwest of Mingora in the Swat Valley. Police arrested militant commander Qari Saifullah, a close Mehsud aide, as he was being treated in a private hospital in Islamabad.
    (AP, 8/17/09)(AP, 8/18/09)

2009        Aug 17, In northwest Pakistan a bomb blast claimed by Taliban militants killed seven people including children, as 31 insurgents were reported dead in a fresh wave of unrest. Overnight in Swat's main town Mingora, a suicide bomber blew himself up, wounding four soldiers as they tried to arrest him. Security forces captured Maulvi Umar, the Pakistani Taliban's top spokesman, and he acknowledged the death of the group's leader in a recent US missile strike.
    (AFP, 8/17/09)(AP, 8/18/09)

2009        Aug 18, Pakistani government and UN officials said flash floods have killed at least 27 people in the northwest, and that more than 80,000 have seen their homes or crops destroyed.
    (AP, 8/18/09)

2009        Aug 20, Pakistan's military said that about 60 militants had surrendered to authorities in northwest Swat valley, where the government claims to have eliminated Taliban extremists. Baluchistan authorities found the bodies of 10 policemen in a remote mountain pass. Earlier this week, the separatist Baluch Republican Army called local media organizations and said it had killed the remaining 10 of 25 police officers kidnapped last month.
    (AP, 8/20/09)(AP, 8/21/09)

2009        Aug 21, Leading Pakistani Taliban commander Hakimullah Mehsud was appointed the new head of the militant group. Hakimullah (28), the military chief of Baitullah's Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan, or Pakistani Taliban Movement, commanded 3 tribal regions and has a reputation as Baitullah's most ruthless deputy. A US drone fired a missile into a suspected militant hide-out in North Waziristan, killing 12 people in an attempt to take out Siraj Haqqani, a jihadist commander accused of attacks on Western troops in Afghanistan. Haqqani, a prime suspect in suicide blasts in Kabul, held close ties to Pakistanís Inter-Services Intelligence agency and controlled a swathe of territory in North Waziristan and eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/22/09)(AP, 8/21/09)(SFC, 8/22/09, p.A2)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.36)

2009        Aug 22, In Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up to evade capture during a raid in Kanju town in the troubled northwestern Swat Valley. Local media said two security officials were killed and two others were wounded.
    (AP, 8/22/09)

2009        Aug 23, In Pakistan a suicide bombing on the outskirts in the northwestern city of Peshawar killed three people and wounded 15 others. Police in Karachi arrested seven members of the banned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi movement in a raid. The al-Qaida-linked movement is blamed for two failed assassination attempts against former President Pervez Musharraf and the beheading of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
    (AP, 8/23/09)(AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Aug 24, In the eastern Pakistani city of Sargodha, police arrested six militants in two raids. They were said to be linked to Mehsud's Taliban and had planned to launch strikes next week on at least two places of worship. Among the six was Zaid Mustafa, said to have recruited potential suicide bombers for training in Afghanistan and who is suspected of providing logistics, explosives and other support for terror attacks in Lahore, Karachi or Rawalpindi. Gunmen shot dead an Afghan television journalist and severely wounded his colleague in northwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Aug 25, An international forum in Turkey sought to boost aid and investment in Pakistan as a way to support its democratic institutions and curb violence there.
    (AP, 8/25/09)

2009        Aug 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least 19 security officers at the Torkham security checkpoint, one of the main border crossings for convoys ferrying NATO supplies into Afghanistan. A suspected US drone fired two missiles at a militant hide-out in northwest Pakistan, killing at least six people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 8/27/09)(AP, 8/30/09)

2009        Aug 28, A Pakistani court ordered the government to lift any remaining restrictions on Abdul Qadeer Khan, a scientist alleged to have spread nuclear technology to Iran, North Korea and Libya.
    (AP, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 28, In Pakistan helicopter gunships destroyed a training camp for suicide bombers in the Swat Valley, killing six Taliban fighters, as scattered violence killed 12 others in the region recently retaken by the army. 12 suspected foreign militants were arrested in Dera Ghazi Khan on the edge of the South Waziristan tribal area, after they allegedly sneaked into the country from Iran.
    (AP, 8/29/09)
2009        Aug 28, Mehdi-Muhammed Ghezali, a Swedish national and former Guantanamo detainee, was arrested on the outskirts of Dera Ghazi Khan in southern Pakistani town along with a group of foreigners, including 7 Turks and 3 other Swedes, who lacked proper immigration stamps. They were allegedly trying to join al-Qaida in the lawless tribal areas.
    (AP, 9/14/09)
2009        Aug 28, PM Gordon Brown said Britain will commit 665 million pounds ($1.08 billion) in aid to help Pakistan stabilize its violent border areas and tackle the underlying causes of extremism.
    (AP, 8/28/09)

2009        Aug 30, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least 15 police recruits in the Swat Valley in the deadliest attack since the army regained control over the northwestern valley from the Taliban. After the blast, security forces pursuing Taliban suspects killed 18 militants in a gunbattle just outside Mingora.
    (AP, 8/30/09)

2009        Aug 30, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 17 police recruits in the Swat Valley in the deadliest attack since the army regained control over the northwestern valley from the Taliban. After the blast, security forces pursuing Taliban suspects killed 18 militants in a gunbattle just outside Mingora.
    (AP, 8/30/09)(AP, 8/31/09)

2009        Aug 31, The Pakistani army said it killed at least 45 Taliban militants over the last 24 hours in scattered gunbattles across the northwestern Swat Valley.
    (AP, 8/31/09)

2009        Sep 1, Pakistani government forces destroyed four militant bases and killed 40 insurgents of Lashkar-e-Islam in a new offensive near the Khyber Pass, the main route for supplies to US and NATO troops in Afghanistan. 43 militants were arrested.
    (AP, 9/1/09)

2009        Sep 2, In Pakistan government forces killed three suspected militants, captured 35 others and destroyed six of their bases on the second day of its new offensive near Pakistan's famed Khyber Pass. Suspected militants opened fire on a vehicle carrying the religious affairs minister, wounding him and killing his driver in a brazen attack in the heart of Islamabad. Hamid Saeed Kazmi had been critical of Muslim extremists blamed for scores of attacks in Pakistan over the last 2Ĺ years.
    (AP, 9/2/09)
2009        Sep 2, Liberia's Defense Minister Brownie Samukai said police had arrested six Pakistani men earlier in the week who tried to enter Liberia on fake US passports with possible intent to carry out terrorism.
    (AP, 9/3/09)

2009        Sep 4, Pakistan said paramilitary troops have killed five suspected militants and arrested 24 in an ongoing operation in the northwestern Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 9/4/09)

2009        Sep 5, Pakistan officials said troops killed 43 alleged militants in an operation in the Khyber tribal region while airstrikes left several more dead in the stronghold of the new Taliban chief elsewhere in the northwest. Government fighter jets and helicopter gunships pounded militant hide-outs in three villages of the Orakzai tribal region, the stronghold of new Pakistani Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud. The tortured body of Akhtar Ali (28), operator of an electrical repair shop, was dumped on the doorstep of the family home in Mingora. He had been kidnapped on Sep 1. His death was believed to have resulted from a case of mistaken identity.
    (AP, 9/5/09)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.49)

2009        Sep 6, Pakistani military destroyed two training centers and 17 militant homes. 2 people kidnapped by militants were recovered. Troops killed 33 militants during the latest action to pacify the Khyber Pass. Thousands of civilians were reported fleeing the latest military operation in the northwestern Khyber tribal region. 3 policemen were found fatally shot, each by a single bullet to the head, west of Islamabad.
    (AP, 9/6/09)(AP, 9/7/09)

2009        Sep 7, Five Pakistani soldiers were killed in a land mine blast in the Taliban bastion of South Waziristan. A suspected US missile strike killed 5 people at Machi Khel village in North Waziristan close to the Afghan border. Al-Qaida operations chief Ilyas Kashmiri, a Pakistani national, was later believed to be among the dead.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(SFC, 9/8/09, p.A2)(AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Sep 8, In northwest Pakistan Taliban militants attacked a group of boys on their way to school, killing four and wounding three in Orakzai ethnic Pashtun tribal region, because they were minority Shi'ite Muslims. Taliban militants are from the majority Sunni community and attack Shi'ites as part of their strategy to fight the government. Tribesmen retaliated after the attack and killed at least two militants and wounded several. Government aircraft attacked militants in a village, 30 km (20 miles) east of Kalaya, killing six of them and destroying four hideouts. Gunmen kidnapped a Greek man after killing a police guard in the northern Chitral region on the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 11, The Pakistani Military said it had arrested the Swat Taliban spokesman Muslim Khan and commanders Mahmood Khan, Fazle Ghaffar, Abdul Rehman and Sartaj Ali in the suburbs of Mingora, striking its first direct blow against the leadership of the insurgency in the one-time tourist resort.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 12, In Pakistan paramilitary troops destroyed three militant hide-outs and killed 22 insurgents. Officials said hundreds of tribal police in the northwestern Khyber region have quit their jobs because of militant threats.
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 13, In Pakistan a bomb blast killed 3 paramilitary troops in the Mandiknas area of the Khyber region. A suicide bomber was killed as he tried to attack a security post in the Swat Valley.
    (SFC, 9/14/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 14, In Pakistan at least 18 women and girls were killed in a stampede which broke out as charity workers were handing out free flour to the poor in a crowded neighborhood of Pakistan's financial capital Karachi.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 14, In Pakistan a US missile slammed into a car at dawn, killing up to five militants in the remote tribal belt near the Afghan border in the third attack in a week. Nazimuddin, alias Yahyo, a top Uzbek militant, was believed to be among the dead. Burqa-clad assailants armed with Kalashnikov rifles and hand grenades attempted to attack an oil terminal in Karachi, but were thwarted by a security guard who was gunned down as the suspects escaped. Police later found a large cache of rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), explosives, suicide vests, burqas and other items apparently dumped by the suspects near a sewer in the area. Fighter jets pounded suspected militant hide-outs and killed five insurgents in the Salarzai area of the northwest Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 9/15/09)(AFP, 9/14/09)(AP, 9/15/09)

2009        Sep 17, Pakistan's military killed 10 insurgents and said it had arrested Sher Muhammad Qasab, a militant commander accused of beheading troops in the northwestern Swat Valley.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, In Pakistan-controlled Kashmir a speeding bus, whose driver apparently was eager to break his daylong Ramadan fast, spun out of control and plunged off a mountainous road, killing 25 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Sep 18, In northwest Pakistan a suicide car bomb destroyed a 2-story hotel at a market in Usterzai, a small mainly Shiite town, killing over 30 people and trapping victims under smashed shops as families bought supplies for a major religious festival.
    (AFP, 9/18/09)(SFC, 9/19/09, p.A4)(AP, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 20, In Pakistan Sher Muhammad Qasab, a feared Taliban commander known for beheading opponents, died in custody from wounds sustained during a fierce firefight with Pakistani security forces last week. The military said security forces killed eight militants in search operations throughout Swat over the last 24 hours and that 23 insurgents were apprehended and another 22 surrendered. One of the militants killed was a Taliban commander identified as Chamtu Khan.
    (AP, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 21, In northwestern Pakistan police officers foiled a plan to assassinate a regional education minister when they took on four militants in a gunbattle that ended with a teenage suicide bomber blowing himself up.
    (AP, 9/21/09)

2009        Sep 22, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamist militants blew up an empty girls school on the outskirts of the Peshawar.
    (AP, 9/22/09)

2009        Sep 24, In northwestern Pakistan militants ambushed a convoy of prominent anti-Taliban tribal elders, spraying their cars with gunfire and killing nine people. Tribesmen killed two militants in the gunbattle. In a separate attack militants killed two members of another anti-Taliban committee in the Swat Valley to the northeast. Soldiers killed at least six militants in the nearby Malakand region after insurgents ambushed a vehicle carrying Pakistani troops near an Afghan refugee camp. 10 suspects were arrested in operations over the past 24 hours and 15 militants surrendered to security forces. A suspected US missile strike killed 4 people near the town of Mir Ali in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/24/09)(SFC, 9/25/09, p.A7)

2009        Sep 26, In northwestern Pakistan 2 suicide car bombs killed 22 people and wounded about 150 others in separate attacks in Bannu and Peshawar, just days after the Taliban warned suicide strikes were coming if the military pressed forward with an offensive. A third bomb injured 4 in the region.
    (AP, 9/26/09)(AP, 9/27/09)

2009        Sep 28, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber killed five people including a prominent tribal elder in Baka Khel, which lies close to Waziristan. One Pakistani soldier was killed and seven others critically wounded in a militant rocket attack on an army camp in the northwest. Hundreds of civilians fled the Taliban and al-Qaida's main stronghold in the northwest.
    (AP, 9/28/09)

2009        Sep 29, In northwest Pakistan two suspected US missile strikes killed 13 militants. The first attack killed six militants and wounded six others in South Waziristan. A 2nd missile hit a house owned by a known Afghan militant in North Waziristan killing 7 insurgents. Kalimullah Mehsud, the brother of the new head of the Pakistani Taliban, was said to be among several militants to die in one of the drone strikes.
    (AP, 9/29/09)(AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Sep 30, In Pakistan a suspected US missile attack killed 6 alleged militants just over the border from Afghanistan, the 3rd such strike on the al-Qaida and Taliban stronghold in 24 hours.
    (AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Oct 2, Pakistan's paramilitary forces said that they had killed 27 more militants, including two commanders, in Khyber.
    (AP, 10/3/09)

2009        Oct 3, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Taliban militants fatally shot tribal elder Malik Abdul Majeed as he traveled to discuss anti-militancy efforts with government authorities. The dead body of a man accused of spying for the US turned up in the Bajur tribal region. Helicopter gunships pounded militants hide-outs in Charmang town in Bajur, killing five insurgents. Security forces killed three militants in the Swat Valley and arrested 16 others.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)

2009        Oct 4, In Pakistan security forces and special police battled militants in a firefight that killed six of the insurgents, including two commanders, Noorul Amin and Fazl-e-Rabbi. Police in Peshawar arrested Hukam Khan, a militant who was involved in attacking and looting convoys taking supplies to US and NATO forces in Afghanistan and recovered a substantial quantity of stolen goods. Hakimullah Mehsud, the new leader of the Taliban in Pakistan, met with reporters in the country's tribal areas for the first time since winning control of the militants. Mehsud vowed to strike back at Pakistan and the US for the increasing number of drone attacks in the tribal areas along the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/5/09)

2009        Oct 5, In Pakistan a suicide bomber disguised as a security officer struck the lobby of the UN food agency's headquarters in Islamabad, killing five people a day after the new leader of the Pakistani Taliban vowed fresh assaults.
    (AP, 10/5/09)

2009        Oct 9, In Pakistan a massive suicide car bomb ripped through a packed market in Peshawar, killing 53 people, including 9 children, and injured over 100. The government vowed to launch a new offensive in Waziristan in the wake of the massive bombing.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 10, In Pakistan 5 militants took hostages after they and about four other assailants attacked the army headquarters in Rawalpindi, killing six soldiers, including a brigadier and a lieutenant colonel.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 11, Pakistani commandos freed dozens of hostages held by militants at the army's own headquarters in Rawalpindi, ending a bloody, 22-hour drama that embarrassed the nation's military as it plans a new offensive against al-Qaida and the Taliban. The standoff killed 23 people including 9 militants and 14 others. 42 hostages were freed. The military launched two airstrikes on suspected militant targets in South Waziristan, ending a five day lull in attacks there and killing at least five militants. In 2011 a military court found seven men guilty of involvement in the Rawalpindi attack and sentenced one of them, a retired soldier, to death.
    (AP, 10/11/09)(AP, 10/12/09)(AP, 8/13/11)

2009        Oct 12, In Pakistan a teenage suicide car bombing targeting troops killed 45 people, including 6 security people,  in northwest Shangla district as the Taliban pledged to mobilize fighters across the country for more strikes.
    (AP, 10/12/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.34)

2009        Oct 13, Pakistani jets bombed militant targets in the main insurgent stronghold along the Afghan border ahead of an expected ground offensive there. Helicopter gunship attacks killed 26 insurgents in Bajur. Terrorists fired 31 rockets" at a convoy of security forces in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 10/13/09)

2009        Oct 14, Pakistani jets pounded suspected militant hide-outs along the Afghan border. Officials said some 200,000 civilians have fled South Waziristan in anticipation of an expected military offensive. Estimates of the population there hover around 500,000.
    (AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Oct 15, In Pakistan teams of gunmen launched coordinated attacks on three law enforcement facilities in the eastern city of Lahore killing 18 people including 11 insurgents. A car bombs hit northwest Kohat killing 11 people, including 3 police officers and 8 civilians. Another car bomb in Peshawar killed 10 people, mostly women and children. A total of 39 people were killed in the escalating wave of anti-government violence. A suspected US missile strike killed 4 alleged militants.
    (AP, 10/15/09)(SFC, 10/15/09, p.A4)

2009        Oct 16, In northwestern Pakistan 3 suicide attackers, including a woman, attacked a police station in Peshawar city, killing 13 people, including 3 police officers, 2 women and 2 children. Army airstrikes killed a dozen suspected militants in South Waziristan ahead of an expected ground offensive.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, President Barack Obama signed the Kerry-Lugar-Berman bill, a 7.5 billion dollar aid package for Pakistan, after the US Congress acted to placate critics in the strife-torn nation who warned it violated Pakistani sovereignty. The aid legislation insisted that the civilian government of Pakistan control the army.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.33)(Econ, 2/11/12, SR p.7)

2009        Oct 17, More than 30,000 Pakistani soldiers launched a ground offensive against al-Qaida and the Taliban's main stronghold along the Afghan border, in the country's toughest test yet against a strengthening insurgency. The operation was expected to last around two months. At least 11 suspected insurgents were killed in jet bombings, while a bomb hit a security convoy, killing one soldier and wounding three others. 4 soldiers were killed and 12 wounded in exchanges of fire elsewhere in the region. The plan was to capture and hold an area where an estimated 10,000 insurgents were headquartered and reinforced with about 1,500 foreign fighters, most of them of Central Asian origin.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 18, Pakistan pounded Taliban bases from the air and bore down on their leader's hometown, intensifying a major offensive against the Islamists and claiming to have killed 60 militants in operation Rah-e-Nijat.  Five soldiers were reported killed. Ammunition supplies deep in the mountains are thought to be sufficient to keep the militants fighting for several months without outside supply lines.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)

2009        Oct 19, Pakistani officials said deals have been struck to keep 2 powerful, anti-US tribal chiefs from joining the battle against the government. Army troops fought militants on 3 fronts and fighter jets bombed insurgent positions near the Afghan border as Pakistan pressed ahead with an assault on the country's main Taliban and al-Qaida stronghold. The offensive focused on eliminating Taliban militants linked to the Mehsud tribe, who controlled about half of South Waziristan and were blamed for 80% of the suicide attacks that have battered Pakistan over the last three years. Police said they had arrested Akhtar Zaman, a man identified as the head of the Pakistani Taliban, in the southern city of Karachi along with three other alleged militants in connection with a foiled attempt to attack an oil terminal last month.
    (AP, 10/19/09)(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A3)

2009        Oct 20, In Pakistan 2 suicide attackers bombed an Islamic university in Islamabad, killing 6 people and wounding 18 as the army pressed ahead with a critical offensive on a Taliban stronghold near Afghanistan. Firefights raged in the areas around Kaskai and Shisanwam, and 4 more soldiers were killed, bringing the army's death toll over four days to 13.
    (AP, 10/20/09)(AP, 10/21/09)

2009        Oct 21, Pakistani soldiers fought for control of Kotkai, the Taliban chief's hometown, pressing forward with a major offensive targeting an insurgent stronghold along the Afghan border. Suspected US missiles killed two militants in a neighboring region, a potentially troubling strike because it hit territory controlled by another militant faction the army has coaxed into neutrality during its offensive. The army's death toll so far rose to 16, while 15 more militants were slain, bringing their overall death toll to 105.
    (AP, 10/21/09)

2009        Oct 22, In Pakistan suspected militants on a motorbike shot and killed a senior army officer and a soldier in Islamabad, striking at security forces as the military wages a major anti-Taliban offensive in the northwest. An army statement reported two more soldiers were killed, bringing the army's death toll to 18, while 24 more militants were slain, bringing their death toll to 129.
    (AP, 10/22/09)

2009        Oct 23, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 8 people in Kamra, near the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex. An anti-tank mine killed 16 wedding guests in the tribal belt. Most of the dead were women and children. A car bomb exploded outside a restaurant in the northwestern city of Peshawar, wounding 15.
    (AP, 10/23/09)(AFP, 10/23/09)

2009        Oct 24, Pakistani soldiers captured Kotkai, the strategically located hometown of Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud after fierce fighting. It was the army's first major prize as it pushes deeper into a militant stronghold along the Afghan border. The army said that three more soldiers had died, putting the army's death toll at 23, and 21 more militants had been killed, putting their overall death toll at 163. A suspected US missile killed 22 people elsewhere in the northwest, but apparently missed a top Taliban figure. 6 soldiers died in an army helicopter crash in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(AP, 10/25/09)

2009        Oct 25, In northeastern Pakistan a suicide bomber killed a police officer on a highway near Jhelum city, about 60 miles south of Islamabad. The man taken into custody told police they had planned to detonate the bomb in Lahore. A minister for education was fatally attacked by gunmen in Quetta, the capital of southwestern Baluchistan province. A nationalist group, the Baluchistan United Liberation Front, claimed responsibility. Taliban militants attacked a security post in Hangu district northwest of South Waziristan, killing one soldier.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)

2009        Oct 26, In Pakistan a fight to secure Ghalai village, on the road from Kotkai to Sararogha, left six soldiers and 10 militants dead, bringing to 197 the number of militants and to 30 the number of troops killed so far.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, Pakistani police arrested 11 Iranian Revolutionary Guard officers for illegally entering the country, amid tensions over a suicide attack on Oct 18 that Tehran alleges was carried out by militants backed by Pakistani intelligence officials. The 11 officers were released the next day.
    (AP, 10/26/09)(AP, 10/27/09)

2009        Oct 27, Pakistan's army pushed deeper into a Taliban sanctuary close to the Afghan border, claiming to have killed 42 militants in the latest stage of an offensive against extremists blamed for relentless attacks in recent weeks. Authorities announced the arrest of the alleged mastermind behind two recent bombings in the main northwest city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 10/27/09)

2009        Oct 28, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb tore through a busy market in Peshawar, killing 105 people, mostly women and children. US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton visited the country and pledged American support for its campaign against Islamist militants.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/29/09)

2009        Oct 29, The Pakistani army said troops were closing in on Kanigurram, described as an important base of Uzbek militants and an Tehreek-e-Taliban operational centre, saying that 11 militants and one soldier were killed.
    (AP, 10/29/09)

2009        Oct 30, Pakistani forces said they are closing in on a major Taliban base inside the militant stronghold of South Waziristan, and announced it had killed 14 militants in a day of fighting. A total of 289 militants and 34 government soldiers have been killed in the offensive, according to a tally of army figures. Six more militants have been arrested.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2009        Oct 31, Pakistani soldiers closed in on two major Taliban strongholds in South Waziristan, as government jets pounded insurgent hide-outs and the prime minister said the country had no choice but to defeat the militants. Pakistani jets bombed three hide-outs of Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud in the Orkazai tribal region, killing at least 8 militants and wounding several others. Another airstrike, about 40 miles (70km) from the first and near the Afghan border, killed 7 militants in the Kurram tribal region. The army said government soldiers had killed a total of 33 militants over the past 24 hours, discovered a factory for making roadside bombs and seized a handful of weapons. 7 paramilitary soldiers driving through the Khyber tribal area were killed in a roadside bomb planted by suspected Taliban militants. In Karachi police arrested 3 suspected militants and seized 30 kilograms (65 pounds) of explosives and other weaponry.
    (AP, 10/31/09)

2009        Nov 1, In Pakistan military jets and helicopter gunships pounded militant positions in and around Makeen. Government forces have laid siege to Sararogha, captured all the important features and ridges overlooking the town and cleared half of Kaniguram, a hub of Uzbek militants. 9 militants and two soldiers were killed in fighting, taking the militants' death toll to 331 in 16 days of fighting.
    (Reuters, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 35 people outside a bank in Rawalpindi, as the UN said spreading violence has forced it to start pulling out some expatriate staff and suspend long-term development work in areas along the Afghan border. Hours after the first blast, another suicide bomber struck in Lahore, exploding a car at a police checkpoint as officers went to search it. At least 7 policemen were injured and two were in critical condition. Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas said the army had captured the town of Kaniguram, one of the Taliban's bases, and killed 12 more militants in the past 24 hours of the offensive.
    (AP, 11/2/09)

2009        Nov 3, In Pakistan a passenger train smashed into a cargo train on the edge of Karachi killing 16 people, including women and children. The army announced that 21 militants had been killed in the past 24 hours in South Waziristan and that government forces were continuing to press into Taliban territory. Militant leader Hakimullah Mehsud spoke to his followers in a speech broadcast over a wireless radio network. Of those who do run away, he warned, "Such people will go to hell."
    (AFP, 11/3/09)(AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 4, Pakistani soldiers battled Taliban fighters in the streets of Ladha, a key militant stronghold, as government forces pressed ahead with their offensive in the tribal region of South Waziristan. The military said fighting over the past day left 10 militants dead in Ladha and 30 dead across the region. A group of militants ambushed a van as it traveled near Khar, the main town in the Bajur tribal region, killing two female teachers and wounding two other passengers.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 5, Pakistani security forces arrested three Iranians suspected of planning a suicide attack in Iran's southeastern region last month which killed 42 people. Militants blew up a girls' school in the Khyber tribal region, but no one was injured. Missiles believed fired by US drones killed two alleged militants in a northwestern tribal region.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 6, The Pakistani army entered Makeen, the last of three militant strongholds targeted by a major offensive in the northwest, as gunmen wounded a senior army officer and a solder in Islamabad. Police shot and killed two would-be suicide bombers in Balakot. The two men opened fire on police when their car was intercepted at a checkpoint in the North West Frontier Province.
    (AP, 11/6/09)

2009        Nov 7, Pakistan's military said it had killed 12 Taliban militants as government troops pressed a major offensive in the South Waziristan tribal area bordering Afghanistan. Two teachers and a student were injured when suspected militants hurled a hand grenade at a girls' school in Quetta, the capital southwestern Baluchistan province.
    (AFP, 11/7/09)

2009        Nov 8, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded market in Adazai, 10 miles south of Peshawar, killing anti-Taliban Mayor Abdul Malik, who had formed a militia to fight the militants, and 11 other people. The latest fighting in the Taliban heartland killed 20 militants and wounded eight soldiers.
    (AP, 11/8/09)

2009        Nov 9, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in a rickshaw detonated his explosives near a group of policemen at an intersection on the main road that circles Peshawar, killing 3 people. A roadside bomb killed two paramilitary troops and wounded a third in Salarzai town in the Bajur tribal region. Militants shot and killed a senior police officer in the main town of Khar as he was leaving his office. Fighter jets pounded militant hide-outs in three villages in the Kurram tribal region, killing eight suspected fighters.
    (AP, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 10, In Pakistan a suicide car bomb ripped through a packed shopping street in Charsadda, a small market town, killing 26 people in the third militant attack in northwest in as many days. The military said that troops had uncovered a private Taliban jail, destroying a network of rebel caves, bunkers and towers while nine militants were killed during the last 24 hours of operations.
    (AFP, 11/10/09)(AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 11, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed nine security officers close to the Afghan border. Some 12 hours earlier, dozens of militants armed with automatic weapons and rocket launchers attacked a security outpost in the same Mohmand region, killing two soldiers and wounding three others. The army responded by shelling militant positions there, killing 10 suspected fighters.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 12, In Pakistan stiff Taliban resistance killed at least 17 government soldiers in the military's deadliest day since launching its offensive in South Waziristan. At least 15 soldiers were killed in clashes, while a roadside bomb killed two soldiers in Sararogha area further east. Gunmen shot dead Abu Al-Hasan Jaffry, a Pakistani spokesman for the Iranian consulate, at point blank range as he set off for work in Peshawar. The army said that 22 militants were killed in South Waziristan, which would bring to 524 the number reported dead since the fight began. 
    (AFP, 11/12/09)

2009        Nov 13, In Pakistan an early morning attack killed 10 people and devastated much of the northwestern headquarters of Pakistan's spy agency in Peshawar city. About an hour later, a second suicide car bomber attacked a police station farther south, killing six people. The military reported the loss of 12 soldiers over the last 24 hours, one of its largest single-day losses since the campaign in South Waziristan began. Attackers fired rockets at a group of tankers near the southwestern city of Quetta that were delivering fuel to US and NATO troops. One driver was killed and five tankers were torched.
    (AP, 11/13/09)

2009        Nov 14, In Pakistan a suicide bomber blew up his explosives-filled car at a police checkpoint in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar, killing himself and at least 12 people. In the northwestern Swat valley, troops killed 13 insurgents in two separate gunfights.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)(SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A8)

2009        Nov 15, In northwestern Pakistan militants killed anti-Taliban elder Malik Sher Zaman in the Bajur tribal region. Several hours later, more than a dozen militants opened fire on the house of an anti-Taliban mayor outside the main northwestern city of Peshawar, but security guards repelled the attack, killing three of the assailants. The attacks were seen as part of an escalating campaign to weaken the country's resolve to fight Islamic extremism.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2009        Nov 16, In northwestern Pakistan a pickup truck laden with explosives blew up outside a police station, killing four people in an area that has become the focal point for militant retaliation against an army offensive along the nearby Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/16/09)

2009        Nov 17, Pakistan said that troops waging a major ground and air offensive against the Taliban have captured most towns once under rebel control in a key district on the Afghan border. The military said overall, 550 militants and 70 soldiers have been killed since the army launched the offensive on October 17. In southwestern Baluchistan province. A bomb targeting a police chief's vehicle in Quetta killed one person and injured six others. Three militants and one Pakistani soldier were killed in fighting in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AFP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 19, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a courthouse in Peshawar, killing 19 people. The bomb explosion occurred hours after missiles fired from a suspected US drone killed three suspected militants in Shana Khuwara village in North Waziristan. 5 Pakistani troops and six militants were killed in a gunbattle at a security outpost to the north in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 11/19/09)(AP, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 20, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed at least eight militants, the second attack this week in an area believed to hold many insurgents who fled from an army offensive elsewhere in the Afghan border region. Four Pakistani soldiers, including a captain, were killed when militants ambushed their convoy in the North Waziristan area of Shawal. Two police officers were killed and four others wounded when a remote-controlled bomb destroyed their vehicle in Peshawar.
    (AP, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 21, Italian police arrested a Pakistani father and son accused of helping fund and providing logistical support for last year's terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India. The day before the attacks began on Nov. 26 they allegedly sent money using a stolen identity to a US company to activate Internet phone accounts used by the attackers and their handlers.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Pakistani Kashmir 3 suspected Taliban militants blew themselves up as police chased them.
    (Reuters, 11/21/09)

2009        Nov 22, Pakistan's army fought Islamist militants for control of a northwestern district. Fighting in Shahukhel in Hangu district close to the Afghan border killed 12 militants.
    (AP, 11/23/09)

2009        Nov 23, Pakistan's army fought Islamist militants for control of a northwestern district, killing 18 of them. It was the second day of fighting in Shahukhel in Hangu district close to the Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/23/09)

2009        Nov 24, Pakistanís government offered peacemaking proposals to separatists in Baluchistan, including an end to military operations and a payment of $1.4 billion to the province in increased gas royalties.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.29)

2009        Nov 25, Pakistan charged seven men in last year's Mumbai terror attacks, its first indictments in a case watched closely by India and the United States to see if Islamabad makes good on promises to punish those responsible.
    (AP, 11/25/09)

2009        Nov 27, In Pakistan 15 Taliban fighters were killed in operations over the past 24 hours in South Waziristan. Shahfur Khan, a key anti-Taliban tribal leader, was assassinated in a roadside bombing in the northwest. Elsewhere, authorities found the bullet-riddled body of Ameer Saiyed, another tribal elder, who was seized from his home a day earlier in an attack that also left his son dead. A gunman opened fire on the house in Rawalpindi of Kamran Shafi, a newspaper columnist critical of Pakistan's army and spy agencies. Shafi later alleged that the attack was carried out by elements linked to the country's powerful security establishment. Shafi recounted the attack and a death threat he received the following day in his weekly column in the respected Dawn newspaper. He and his family were not injured in the incident.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Nov 28, Pakistanís President Asif Ali Zardari gave up control of the country's nuclear arsenal in a bid to fend off mounting pressures threatening to weaken his rule further and complicate the war on the Taliban. Zardari announced that control of the National Command Authority, which analysts and lawyers confirmed was responsible for nuclear weapons, had shifted to PM Yousuf Raza Gilani.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)

2009        Nov 30, Pakistani security forces targeted militants fleeing a major army offensive close to the Afghan border, killing 10 of them.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Dec 1, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed Shamsher Ali Khan, a provincial lawmaker, as he received guests at his home in the northwest Swat valley. The army said 10 suspected militants were arrested in two search operations in the region in the past 24 hours.
    (AFP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 2, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked the navy headquarters in Islamabad, killing a naval policeman and injuring 11 others, one of whom died the next day.
    (AFP, 12/2/09)(AP, 12/3/09)

2009        Dec 3, In Pakistan 10 suspects were killed in overnight fighting following a raid on a militant hide-out near the Swat Valley area of Kabal. Abu Faraj, a militant leader who was captured in September and accused of plotting suicide bombings in the area, led troops to a militant hide-out and was killed in the fighting. Five other militants were killed when security forces repelled attacks on three checkpoints in the Bajur area.
    (AP, 12/3/09)

2009        Dec 4, In Pakistan militants stormed a mosque in Rawalpindi near Pakistan's army headquarters, killing at least 37 people, including 6 army officers and 3 soldiers. They attacked during prayers spraying gunfire and throwing grenades before blowing themselves up.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(SFC, 12/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 4, The New York Times reported that the White House has authorized the CIA to expand the use of unmanned aerial drones in Pakistan to track down and strike suspected Taliban and Al-Qaeda members.
    (AFP, 12/4/09)

2009        Dec 6, Pakistani police commandos acting on a tip killed one militant and arrested five others in a raid against a bombing cell accused in recent attacks around the northwest city of Peshawar. A roadside bomb killed two elders in the Bajur tribal region and left two other tribesmen wounded. Pakistani security forces killed 13 suspected militants, including a prominent commander identified as Gul Maula, in gunbattles in two other parts of the northwest over the weekend.
    (AP, 12/6/09)

2009        Dec 7, A Pakistani convoy embarked to Waziristan from Peshawar as a suicide bomber blew himself up at a police check point, killing 11 people.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.17)

2009        Dec 8, In central Pakistan a team of militants launched a gun, rocket and suicide attack on an intelligence office in Multan, killing 12 people in a strike that showed the insurgents can hit deep in the heart of the country.
    (AP, 12/8/09)

2009        Dec 9, In Pakistan 5 American men (18-24) were arrested at a house in Sargodha linked to Jaish-e-Mohammed. They had met with representatives of an al-Qaida linked group and asked for training but were turned down because they lacked references from trusted militants. One, Ramy Zamzam, was a dental student at Howard University. The others were identified as Waqar Hussain Khan, Ramy Zamzam, Ahmal Abdul Minni, Aman Hassan Yamer and Umer Farooq. Khalid Farooq, Umerís father, was also detained. On June 24, 2010, the 5 American Muslims were convicted of plotting terrorist attacks and sentenced to 10 years in jail.
    (AP, 12/10/09)(SFC, 12/12/09, p.A2)(AP, 6/24/10)

2009        Dec 11, A US counterterrorism official said Saleh al-Somali, a senior al-Qaida operations planner, was killed in an American missile strike this week in western Pakistan. Officials believed that he helped organize plots in New York, Manchester and Norway.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AP, 1/30/12)

2009        Dec 12, Pakistanís PM Yousuf Raza Gilani said his government may launch a new military offensive in Orakzai district near the Afghan border. Insurgent leaders are believed to have fled there to escape a government onslaught against the Taliban in South Waziristan. Interior Minister Rehman Malik mentioned North Waziristan as another potential front, though military officials have been loathe to say whether they would want to extend the fight there.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, Al-Qaida issued a new English-language video denying it was behind a series of bombings in Pakistan that have killed hundreds of civilians, calling such attacks un-Islamic.
    (AP, 12/12/09)

2009        Dec 13, Pakistani soldiers battled militants in a tribal region close to the Afghan border, killing seven insurgents but losing two of their own in skirmishes in an area where al-Qaida and the Taliban have long sought sanctuary.
    (AP, 12/13/09)

2009        Dec 15, In Pakistan a suicide car bomb exploded in a market close to the home of a politician in the Punjabi town of Dera Ghazi Khan, killing 33 people and wounding 60 others. Pakistani military killed 49 insurgents in the northwest, widening the net in the lawless tribal belt. At least 18 militants were killed when helicopters pounded Toorikhel town of Orakzai when militants were holding an important meeting. An air offensive in Dagar, a town in the Kurram district, killed 21 militants. 4 more people were killed in air strikes in the town of Sultanzai in Orakzai. US Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, met army chief General Ashfaq Kayani to discuss the new US Afghan war strategy.
    (AP, 12/15/09)(AFP, 12/16/09)(SFC, 12/15/09, p.A4)

2009        Dec 16, A Pakistani court struck down an amnesty protecting President Asif Ali Zardari and other politicians from possible prosecution for corruption.
    (Reuters, 12/17/09)

2009        Dec 17, Pakistan's defense minister was blocked from leaving the country along with nearly 250 other top officials, following the Supreme Court's decision to strike down an amnesty for hundreds of Pakistani officials charged with corruption. 2 separate US missile strikes killed 16 people in North Waziristan including Al-Qaida commander Zuhaib al-Zahibi.
    (AP, 12/18/09)(AFP, 12/17/09)(SFC, 12/18/09, p.A11)

2009        Dec 18, In Pakistan an anti-corruption court in the southern city of Karachi issued summons to 52 suspects, including Interior Minister Rehman Malik and presidential secretary Salman Farooqi, to appear before the judge on Jan. 8. In the northwest a suicide car bomber detonated his explosives near a mosque inside a police compound in the Lower Dir region, killing 10 people, mostly police. A suspected US drone fired 3 missiles at a house in North Waziristan, killing three militants and injuring two others.
    (AP, 12/18/09)

2009        Dec 21, A Pakistani court in Lahore ordered the noses and ears of two men cut off after they did the same thing to a young woman whose family spurned one of the men's marriage proposal. Sher Mohammad and a friend, Amanat Mohammad, were accused of kidnapping the woman and cutting off her ears and nose in late September in the Raiwind area of Lahore.
    (AP, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 22, Pakistani Taliban commander Hakimullah Mehsud urged his fighters not to stir trouble in North Waziristan, apparently in the hope of securing sanctuary in a region that is dominated by militants who have signed a truce with the government. A suicide bomber struck outside a press club in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing three people and wounding 17.
    (AP, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 23, In Pakistan the Taliban blew up a girls' school overnight in the Khyber district, where troops are fighting against militants in the tribal region bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)

2009        Dec 24, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a neighborhood home to government buildings and a church in Peshawar, killing four people and underscoring that militant groups retain strength despite being under siege by the army.
    (AP, 12/24/09)

2009        Dec 26, In Pakistan a blast in Karachi destroyed a car and injured 19 people near a procession of minority Shiite Muslims for the Islamic holy month of Muharram. Investigators were checking if a gas cylinder accidentally detonated or if a bomb went off. A suspected US missile strike killed three people in North Waziristan. A local government official said the Taliban had beheaded a tribal elder who fought against them in the Bajur tribal region. The remains of Gul Mohammad (45) was found in Mamund town near a road.
    (AP, 12/26/09)

2009        Dec 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber detonated his explosives outside a large gathering of Shiite Muslims in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, killing five people and wounding 80. Another blast in Karachi wounded 30, but it was attributed to a buildup of gas in a sewage pipe.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 28, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in Karachi targeted Pakistan's largest procession of Shiite Muslims on their holiest day, killing 44 people and wounding dozens more in defiance of a major security crackdown. In Pakistan-administered Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked a Shiite procession in Muzaffarabad, killing 8 people and wounding another 80.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/6/10)

2009        Dec 30, In Pakistan's tribal belt, Taj Mohammad (38), a key anti-Taliban elder, was shot dead and his bullet-riddled body found dumped on a roadside in the district of Bajaur.
    (AP, 12/30/09)(AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 31, In northwest Pakistan a suspected US missile strike near Mir Ali hit a house and killed 3 people. In 2010 a Pakistani tribesman sought 500 million dollars in compensation from the CIA after his son and brother were killed in the drone attack. In 2015 a judge ordered criminal charges to be filed against former acting general counsel John Rizzo and ex-station chief Jonathan Bank.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(AFP, 11/29/10)(SFC, 4/8/15, p.A3)

2009        Nicholas Schmidle authored ďTo Live Or To Perish Forever: Two Tumultuous Years in Pakistan," covering his experiences in Pakistan from 2006-2008.
2009        Ayman al-Zawahiri authored ďThe Morning and the Lamp," a book on Pakistanís constitution in which he argues that the state was illegitimate and should be destroyed.
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.43)(http://tinyurl.com/4rfujpk)
2009        The world Muslim population was estimated at 1.57 billion, or about 23% of the global population of 6.8 billion, including 203 million in Indonesia, 174 million in Pakistan and 160 million in India.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.62)

2010        Jan 1, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber set off an explosives-laden vehicle on a field during a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat city, killing 101 people and wounding more than 70. A suspected US missile struck a car carrying alleged militants in North Waziristan tribal region, killing 3 men. Karachi, the country's largest city, came to a virtual standstill after religious and political leaders called for a general strike to protest a Dec 28 bombing that killed 44 people and subsequent riots. A roadside bomb exploded near a car in the Bajur tribal region, killing an anti-Taliban tribal elder and five of his family members. A local Taliban commander and his four companions were killed in an exchange of fire with troops in Kolachi village, 25 km (16 miles) west of the northwestern town of Dera Ismail Khan.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/2/10)(AFP, 1/3/10)

2010        Jan 3, In Pakistan's northwest tribal region a suspected US drone missile strike killed at least 2 people. A roadside bomb struck a vehicle in the Hangu district of North West Frontier Province, killing a former irrigation minister and 3 others. Another roadside bomb struck a vehicle carrying anti-Taliban elders in the Bajur tribal area, killing 2 and critically wounding 4 others. The bullet-riddled bodies of a man and a woman were found in the Mamund area of Bajur with a note saying they were guilty of violating Islamic law.
    (AP, 1/3/10)

2010        Jan 6, In Pakistan 2 suspected US drone missile strikes killed 13 people in North Waziristan, an area of the volatile northwest teeming with militants suspected in a recent suicide attack that killed seven CIA employees in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AFP, 1/7/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim militants opened fire in the main market area of Srinagar, killing one police officer and sending residents running for cover. A suicide bomber struck an army facility in the Pakistan-controlled portion of Kashmir, killing four soldiers and wounding 11 others in an area where such attacks are rare.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 8, In Pakistan a US missile strike killed 4 militants in North Waziristan, as US Senator John McCain, visiting Islamabad, defended the attacks which fuel anti-American sentiment in the Muslim nation. 8 suspected insurgents were killed when explosives intended for a bomb attack accidentally blew up, destroying a militant safe house in Karachi.
    (AFP, 1/8/10)(SFC, 1/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 9, In Pakistan 2 missiles fired by a suspected unmanned US drone hit a house in Data Khel, an area in North Waziristan that is a stronghold of the Haqqani militant network. 2 people were killed and 3 wounded. Intelligence officials later said the missile strike killed Jamal Saeed Abdul Rahim. Pakistani officials called him an al-Qaida member, but the FBI says he was a member of the Abu Nidal terrorist group. According to an FBI Web site, Rahim is wanted for his alleged role in the Sept. 5, 1986, hijacking of Pan American World Airways Flight 73 during a stop in the southern Pakistani city of Karachi. Some 20 passengers and crew, including two American citizens, were killed during the attack.
    (AP, 1/9/10)(AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 9, Humam Khalil Abu Mulal al-Balawi, the Jordanian doctor who killed 7 CIA employees in a suicide attack in Afghanistan, said in video clips broadcast posthumously today that all jihadists must attack US targets to avenge the death of Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud. Speaking in Arabic in the video shown on al-Jazeera, the Arabic network, and Aaj, a Pakistani channel, al-Balawi noted that the Pakistani Taliban had given shelter to "emigrants" ó Muslim fighters from abroad.
    (AP, 1/9/10)

2010        Jan 10, In Pakistan four bodies were found in Karachi, three of them headless, in a wave of targeted attacks among rival political groups that some say is aimed at destabilizing the country's ruling coalition. Pakistan's Interior Ministry said that 41 people have died in targeted killings in Karachi since the beginning of the year, including 10 MQM workers, 10 from a breakaway faction called Haqiqi, and 16 members of a committee set up by the ruling party in Lyari to control violence in the area.
    (AP, 1/10/10)

2010        Jan 11, Pakistani police in Karachi arrested a couple on charges of stabbing their 3-month-old baby to death. A witch doctor had advised them to kill the girl after telling them it would make them rich.
    (AP, 1/11/10)

2010        Jan 13, In eastern Pakistan a passenger train hit a school bus at an ungated railroad crossing in amid dense fog, killing at least 8 children and the bus driver.
    (AP, 1/13/10)

2010        Jan 14, In Pakistan at least four missiles from unmanned drones pounded a militant training camp in the morning along the remote and mountainous border area between Taliban strongholds North and South Waziristan. The US drone missile strike targeted Pakistani Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud, but the militia denied reports that he was among the15 killed. Abdul Basit Usman, a Filipino militant wanted by the US, was believed to have been killed in an American drone strike close to the Afghan border. Another 11 militants were also killed in the strike on a militant compound.
    (AFP, 1/14/10)(AP, 1/21/10)

2010        Jan 15, In Pakistan a US drone missile attack killed five militants in the tribal belt on the Afghan border, destroying their compound.
    (AFP, 1/15/10)

2010        Jan 16, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran said they had agreed to work together more closely to combat extremism, illegal weapons trading and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 1/16/10)
2010        Jan 16, In the Pakistani section of Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked an army vehicle, wounding two soldiers.
    (AP, 1/16/10)

2010        Jan 17, At least one suspected US drone fired on a house in Pakistan's volatile tribal region, killing 20 people in the 11th such attack since militants in the area orchestrated a deadly suicide bombing against the CIA in Afghanistan. The house targeted was being used by Usman Jan, the head of the al-Qaida-linked Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. Five Uzbeks were killed in the strike. The other 15 people killed were Pakistani Taliban. Two anti-Taliban tribal elders were killed in separate attacks in the Bajur tribal.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Jan 18, Pakistani troops killed 10 Taliban militants and arrested five others in a clash in the northwestern tribal belt near the Afghan border. Militants attacked anti-Taliban militiamen in the Bazai section of Mohmand tribal area near the Afghan border, killing one and wounding another. Authorities also found the bullet-riddled body of another anti-Taliban militiaman in a nearby area, two days after he was kidnapped.
    (AFP, 1/18/10)(AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 19, In Pakistan a suspected US drone attacked a compound in the Deegan area of North Waziristan, killing four people as part of an unprecedented wave of strikes since a deadly attack against the CIA across the border in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/19/10)

2010        Jan 20, Pakistanís government reached an agreement to hand back responsibility for maintaining order in South Waziristan to tribal leaders, following a 3-month military offensive.
    (SFC, 1/21/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 21, The Pakistani army said during a visit by US Defense Secretary Robert Gates that it can't launch any new offensives against militants for six months to a year to give it time to stabilize existing gains.
    (AP, 1/21/10)

2010        Jan 22, Pakistani gunship helicopters pounded a suspected militant hideout in a northwestern tribal area known for sheltering Taliban and Al-Qaeda fighters.
    (AFP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 23, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least four people including two children in northwestern Gomal. Militants destroyed a NATO tanker outside Peshawar. Gunmen on a motorbike shot dead two soldiers and wounded two others in Khuzdar town, 350km (217 miles) south of Quetta, the capital of southwestern Baluchistan. Militants ambushed Pakistani security forces at checkpoints in the Orkazai and Kurram regions close to the Afghan border, sparking gunbattles that left 22 insurgents and two troops dead.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)(AP, 1/23/10)(SSFC, 1/24/10, p.A8)

2010        Jan 24, Pakistan intelligence officials and a local resident said a suspected US drone had crashed in North Waziristan near the Afghan border. The bodies of 7 men, accused by Taliban militants of spying for the US, were found shot dead in the northwest tribal belt. A paramilitary soldier was killed when Taliban militants fired a rocket at a convoy near Malik Deenkhel village in Khyber.
    (AFP, 1/24/10)

2010        Jan 27, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb planted near a house in Upper Dir exploded after children playing nearby tried to open it, killing three of them. 13 police and civilian explosives experts were wounded when a homemade bomb they were trying to defuse in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir detonated.
    (AP, 1/27/10)

2010        Jan 28, In southern Pakistan militants staged a rare attack against trucks carrying supplies for NATO troops in neighboring Afghanistan, wounding three people in the latest violence to plague the country's largest city. A bomb attached to a bicycle exploded, killing three people and wounding a dozen others in an area of Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 1/28/10)
2010        Jan 28, A US government audit found that a $46 million American aid program aimed at strengthening the government in Pakistan's tribal regions and blunting the appeal of al-Qaida and the Taliban has achieved little since it began two years ago.
    (AP, 1/29/10)

2010        Jan 29, Pakistani security forces killed 24 suspected militants in air strikes and clashes in the northwest. One paramilitary soldier was also killed and three wounded in a clash in the town of Chinar in the district of Bajaur.
    (AFP, 1/29/10)

2010        Jan 30, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 16 people at a police checkpoint in the northwest Bajur tribal area. 3 suspected US missiles hit a compound and a bunker in the Mohammad Khel area of North Waziristan. 2 missiles hit the compound being used by the militants, killing 7 of them. The third killed two more insurgents in a bunker.
    (AP, 1/30/10)

2010        Jan 31, In northwest Pakistan fighter jets and helicopters pounded a district where a suicide bomber in Khar killed 17 people a day earlier. A roadside bomb exploded in the town of Safi, killing two security personnel who were riding in a water tanker. Militants blew up a government-run girls' primary school on the outskirts of the northwestern garrison town of Bannu. State television reported that TTP chief Hakimullah Mehsud was dead, reviving rumors that he was killed in a US missile strike in mid-January. But the Taliban denied the report and the army only said it was investigating.
    (AFP, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 2, In Pakistan 8 missiles fired from US drones killed at least 4 militants in Dattakhel village, in North Waziristan. The death toll from the night time drone attacks, the heaviest ever in terms of the number of missiles fired, soon rose to 31.
    (AFP, 2/2/10)(Reuters, 2/2/10)

2010        Feb 3, In Pakistan a bomb killed 3 US soldiers, 3 children and a Pakistani soldier. 45 people, including 40 school girls, were wounded in the attack outside a girls school near Swat Valley. The Taliban claimed responsibility and threatened more attacks on Americans.
    (Reuters, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, In NYC Aafia Siddiqui, a 37-year-old Pakistani-born mother and neuroscientist trained at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was found guilty of two counts of attempted murder, armed assault, using and carrying a firearm and assault of US officers and employees and faces up to 60 years in prison. Siddiqui was arrested in July 2008 by US forces in Ghazni, Afghanistan on accusation of being a suicide bomber and alleged possession of "chemical and gel substances" for bomb making.

2010        Feb 4, In Pakistan protests erupted across the country after a US court convicted a Pakistani scientist of trying to kill US servicemen in Afghanistan. A jury in New York found Aafia Siddiqui (37), a mother and neuroscientist trained, guilty on all charges.
    (AP, 2/4/10)

2010        Feb 5, In Pakistan women and children were among the 12 people killed when a suicide attacker rammed a motorbike bomb into a bus carrying Shiites on one of Karachi's busiest roads. A 2nd bomber then killed 13 people, damaging ambulances and the entrance to the casualty department at Jinnah Hospital, where the victims of the first attack were being treated. Police defused a third bomb rigged inside a television and left in the hospital car park. By the next day 8 more people had died bringing the total death toll to 33.
    (AFP, 2/5/10)(AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 6, Pakistani security forces seized Damadola, a key Taliban stronghold in the northwestern Bajur area. The government had declared the area free of militants a year ago.
    (AP, 2/7/10)

2010        Feb 8, Pakistani authorities arrested 6 suspected Taliban militants with a suicide vest and hand grenades allegedly on their way to kill Americans at the five-star Pearl Continental hotel in Lahore. Police seized 26 hand grenades and five detonators from the militants, who were traveling by car and motorcycle.
    (AP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 9, In Pakistan a suicide car-bomber killed 18 people in the Khyber region on the Afghan border. A military helicopter gunship crashed in another part of Khyber, where security forces are fighting militants, killing the two crew. Militants later opened fire on an army rescue party, killing a senior officer and wounding two men.
    (Reuters, 2/10/10)(AFP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 9, The UN said in an international appeal that aid groups in Pakistan need nearly $538 million over the next six months to help hundreds of thousands of people displaced by army clashes against the Taliban.
    (AP, 2/9/10)

2010        Feb 10, Pakistan's top civilian security official said Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud has died. It was the government's first categorical confirmation of Mehsudís death, whose passing is likely to weaken, but not vanquish, the al-Qaida-linked insurgent network he led. On April 29 intelligence officials reversed claims that Mehsud had died, handing militants something of a propaganda victory.
    (Reuters, 2/10/10)(AP, 4/29/10)

2010        Feb 11, In Pakistan a double bombing targeted police killing up to 15 people and wounding 25 others in the northwestern town of Bannu.
    (AFP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 15, In Pakistan a suspected US drone fired a missile at a vehicle in the northwest, killing three people in the second such strike in as many days.
    (AP, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 16, Pakistani intelligence officials said the Taliban's top military commander has been arrested in a joint CIA-Pakistani operation. Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the group's No. 2 leader behind Afghan Taliban founder Mullah Mohammad Omar and a close associate of Osama bin Laden, was captured some days ago in Karachi.
    (AP, 2/16/10)(Reuters 2/17/10)

2010        Feb 17, Pakistan's government was forced into an embarrassing U-turn, withdrawing the recent appointments of top judges that sparked a showdown with the Supreme Court and a fresh crisis in the country. Police in Karachi arrested a suspected Taliban commander. He was identified as Abdullah, also known as Abu Waqas, a commander from the Bajaur region on the Afghan border. Unknown gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying militants in the Kurrum region on the border, killing six Taliban and wounding two. A US drone fired a missile into the North Waziristan region on the Afghan border, killing at least three militants.
    (AFP, 2/17/10)(Reuters, 2/17/10)

2010        Feb 18, In Pakistan a bomb blast at a mosque in the northwestern Khyber tribal region killed 29 people including some militants. Missiles fired from a US unmanned drone aircraft killed Mohammad Haqqani, the brother of Afghan Taliban commander Siraj Haqqani, along with 3 associates. Both Haqqanis are sons of Jalaluddin Haqqani, a former US ally in the war against the Soviets in the 1980s.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 2/19/10)(Reuters, 2/19/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 18, In northern Pakistan up to 37 people were feared dead after an avalanche slammed into a remote mountain village in Kohistan district.
    (AFP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, The Afghan Interior Ministry said a NATO airstrike aimed at insurgents missed its target, killing 7 policemen in northern Kunduz province. Another Afghan official said Pakistan has captured two "shadow governors" belonging to Afghanistan's Taliban movement. The Afghan governor for Kunduz said Mullah Abdul Salam and Mullah Mir Mohammad, respectively the shadow governors of the northern Afghan provinces of Kunduz and Baghlan happened in Pakistan's Baluchistan province and were captured about a week ago. 9 militants linked to al-Qaida were nabbed overnight near Karachi. Six coalition troops were killed in the assault on Marjah, making it the deadliest day since the offensive began. The death toll so far is 11 NATO troops and one Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 2/19/10)

2010        Feb 20, A Pakistani army airstrike killed 30 militants in the Shawal mountains of the South Waziristan tribal region bordering Afghanistan. Suicide attackers struck two police stations in Mansehra district, killing a police chief.
    (AP, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 21, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber hit a military convoy killing nine people, including children, in the Swat district, just months after the army claimed to have quelled a Taliban uprising. The body of Jaspal Singh one of three Sikhs abducted later January in Bara, Khyber district, was found beheaded. Taliban militants had kidnapped and beheaded him after relatives failed to pay a ransom, due Feb 20, for his release. The Sikh community blamed the umbrella Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) for the beheading.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 21, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber hit a military convoy killing nine people, including children, in the Swat district, just months after the army claimed to have quelled a Taliban uprising. The body of Jaspal Singh one of three Sikhs abducted later January in Bara, Khyber district, was found beheaded. Taliban militants had kidnapped and beheaded him after relatives failed to pay a ransom, due Feb 20, for his release. The Sikh community blamed the umbrella Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) for the beheading.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 22, In Pakistan a suicide bomber targeting security forces killed at least 8 people in Mingora, the capital of the Swat Valley district.
    (SFC, 2/23/10, p.A2)

2010        Feb 23, The New York Times and Washington Post cited unnamed Pakistani security officials saying Mullah Abdul Kabir, a member of the militia's ruling council, was picked up several days ago in Nowshera district in Pakistan's northwest.
    (AP, 2/23/10)

2010        Feb 24, In Pakistan suspected US missiles killed at least 13 people in an al-Qaida and Taliban stronghold in the Dargah Mandi area of North Waziristan tribal region. Pakistani Taliban commander Mohammed Qari Zafar was among those killed when 3 missiles hit a compound and vehicle in the Dargah Mandi area. The bodies of two men alleged by militants to be US spies were discovered in Mir Ali, North Waziristan.
    (AP, 2/24/10)(SFC, 2/26/10, p.A2)

2010        Feb 25, Pakistanís government confirmed the arrest of Afghan Taliban leader Maulavi Abdul Kabir. The paramilitary Frontier Corps killed 25 militants near the northwestern district of Darra Adam Khel during a joint 2-day operation with police.
    (SFC, 2/26/10, p.A4)(AP, 2/27/10)
2010        Feb 25, India and Pakistan held their first official talks since the 2008 Mumbai siege, with both sides saying they wanted to rebuild trust shattered in that attack but acknowledging that the meeting was just a first step toward a renewed peace process.
    (AP, 2/25/10)

2010        Feb 26, The Jundallah insurgency, which says it's fighting for equal rights for the Sunni minority in southeast Iran, named al-Hajj Mohammed Dhahir Baluch as its new leader. The statement described the capture of former leader Abdulmalik Rigi's by Iranian forces on Feb 23, but said all the tribes of Baluchistan had pledged allegiance to the new leader.
    (AP, 2/28/10)

2010        Feb 27, In northwest Pakistan a suicide car bomber attacked a police station in Karak, killing four people and wounding about two dozen. At least one person died and several others were wounded when gunmen opened fire on a procession in the northwestern town of Dera Ismail Khan.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

2010        Mar 1, Pakistani militants attacked a tanker carrying fuel to NATO and US forces in Afghanistan. One insurgent was killed and the tanker was destroyed.
    (AP, 3/1/10)

2010        Mar 2, In London, England, Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, a former Pakistani lawmaker and the leader of a global Muslim movement, issued a fatwa, or religious edict, that he calls an absolute condemnation of terrorism. The 600-page fatwa bans suicide bombing "without any excuses, any pretexts, or exceptions." The religious scholar is the founder of Minhaj-ul-Quran, a worldwide movement that promotes a nonpolitical, tolerant Islam.
    (AP, 3/2/10)

2010        Mar 3, Pakistan's paramilitary forces said troops had killed 38 militants during a week-long operation against the Taliban under the codename "Spring Cleaning". In central Pakistan a local police chief and four officers were arrested after a video allegedly showed one officer publicly beating suspects with a fat leather strap as the other officers held down the victims in the small town of Bhuwana in Punjab province.
    (AFP, 3/3/10)(AP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 4, In Pakistan robbers kidnapped Sahil Saeed, a five-year-old British boy, in the town of Jhelum, about 100 km (65 miles) south of Islamabad, demanding a ransom of 100,000 pounds, prompting his mother to make a tearful plea for the return of her boy. In the northwest an overnight gunbattle left 30 insurgents and one soldier dead in the Chamarkand area of the Mohmand tribal region. Sahil Saeed was released on March 16. Spanish police arrested 3 suspects in the kidnapping in Tarragona province. They were suspected of having traveled to another European city to collect ransom money.
    (AFP, 3/4/10)(SFC, 3/5/10, p.A2)(AFP, 3/16/10)(AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 4, A collection of 300 films capturing the final days of the British Empire in India and other parts of south Asia was released by the University of Cambridge. The free archive footage is available at www.s-asian.cam.ac.uk/films.html. The silent films, taken between 1911 and 1956, celebrate unique moments in history, from life after the Quetta earthquake of 1935 to the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947.
    (AFP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 5, In Pakistan a suicide bomber targeted Shiite Muslims on two buses being escorted by security forces through a northwestern border area rife with sectarian and insurgent violence, killing 12 people. Pakistan army helicopters destroyed a sprawling hideout of a key al-Qaida-linked militant leader, Maulvi Faqir Mohammed, in the northwestern tribal region of Bajur, killing 25 insurgents. Maulvi Faqir Mohammed and fellow commander Qari Ziaur Rehman, top Taliban commanders close to al-Qaida, were believed to have been killed in the army airstrike.
    (AP, 3/5/10)(AP, 3/6/10)
2010        Mar 5, In Pakistan Obaidullah Akhund, the Taliban's former defense minister arrested in 2007, allegedly died of heart disease in a Karachi prison. His relatives were informed of his death in February, 2012.
    (AP, 2/13/12)

2010        Mar 6, In Pakistan Maulvi Noor Mohammad, a Pakistani Taliban commander, was ambushed near the main town of Miran Shah, North Waziristan, by relatives of a man he recently tortured and killed.
    (AP, 3/7/10)

2010        Mar 8, Pakistani officials said an American member of al-Qaida was picked up in a raid in the southern city of Karachi, but reversed earlier assertions that the detained man was the terror network's US-born spokesman. They identified the suspect as Abu Yahya Majadin Adam. A suicide car bomber struck a building where police interrogate high-value suspects in the eastern city of Lahore, killing 13 people and wounding 61 more including women taking children to school.
    (AP, 3/8/10)

2010        Mar 10, In Pakistan suspected Islamist militants stormed the World Vision office, a US-based Christian aid agency, in Oghi village in Mansehra district killing six Pakistani aid workers after singling them out and then blowing up the building.
    (Reuters, 3/10/10)

2010        Mar 11, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, during a visit to Pakistan, said Afghanistan does not want a proxy war between Pakistan and India or anybody else fought on its soil. Five Afghan civilians, four of them children, were killed in an explosion in Kapisa province. A gunmen shot dead a South African construction contractor and his Afghan colleague in a separate attack in Khost province. One member of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was killed in an explosion in the south of the country.
    (Reuters, 3/11/10)
2010        Mar 11, In Pakistan a homemade bomb exploded on the outskirts of the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing four people, including one child.
    (AP, 3/11/10)

2010        Mar 12, In Pakistan a pair of suicide bombers targeting army vehicles detonated explosives within seconds of each other, killing at least 43 people in Lahore and wounding about 100. It was the fourth major attack in Pakistan this week, indicating Islamist militants are stepping up violence after a period of relative calm. The death toll rose to 57 after more people died from their wounds.
    (AP, 3/12/10)(AP, 3/13/10)(AP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 13, In Pakistan a renewed wave of violence struck Saidu Sharif, the administrative capital of the Swat Valley, when a suicide bomber on a motorized rickshaw killed 13 people at a security checkpoint, raising fears the nation is sliding back into a period of relentless bloodletting.
    (AP, 3/13/10)

2010        Mar 14, In Pakistan helicopter gunships pounded Taliban hideouts in the northwestern tribal district, killing at least 17 insurgents.
    (AFP, 3/14/10)(SFC, 3/15/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 15, Pakistani police discovered a cache of bomb-making equipment and thousands of pounds of explosives in an empty Lahore shop where authorities said a string of attacks on the eastern city may have been plotted.
    (AP, 3/15/10)

2010        Mar 16, Pakistan and Iran signed a $7.6 billion deal in Turkey paving the way for the construction of a much-delayed pipeline pumping Iranian natural gas to the energy-starved South Asian country.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 16, In northwest Pakistan a US missile strike and clashes between extremist gunmen and tribesmen killed at least 20 militants near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 17, In northwest Pakistan 2 US missile strikes killed at least 10 militants in North Waziristan. Attackers armed with rockets and petrol bombs killed five policemen in a pre-dawn ambush near the Khyber tribal district. an Afghan was killed in an explosion while making a bomb on the outskirts of Quetta. Militants fixed a bomb to the tail end of a tanker with a magnet and the explosion burnt some 40,000 liters of fuel it was carrying for NATO forces in Afghanistan. A Pakistani court formally charged 5 young Americans of plotting terrorism in the country, in a case that has raised alarm over the danger posed by militants using the Internet.
    (AFP, 3/17/10)(AP, 3/17/10)

2010        Mar 20, Pakistani police arrested three Taliban militants and seized a bomb-making factory in the southern city of Karachi.
    (AP, 3/20/10)

2010        Mar 21, In Pakistan the bullet-riddled bodies of four tribesmen, killed by the Taliban for allegedly spying for the United States, were found in a semiautonomous tribal region near the Afghan border. They had been kidnapped by the Taliban about 10 days earlier. A bomb exploded in the southwestern province of Baluchistan killing at least three people. Separately, helicopter gunships pounded Taliban hide-outs in the Kurram and Upper Orakzai tribal regions, killing 28 militants. Suspected US drones killed at least 4 people in a militant-dominated tribal region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/21/10)(SFC, 3/22/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 22, In southwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded in Quetta, killing one person and injuring three more in an attack that police blamed on ethnic militants.
    (AP, 3/22/10)

2010        Mar 23, Pakistani hardliners vowed to wage a holy war to liberate the disputed Himalayan state of Kashmir from Indian control. A suspected US missile struck a house in North Waziristan killing 3 people.
    (AFP, 3/23/10)(SFC, 3/24/10, p.A4)

2010        Mar 24, Pakistani security forces backed by jets pounded militant hide-outs near the Afghan border, killing 23 suspected Islamist insurgents.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 25, Pakistani military airstrikes killed 61 suspected militants in an area near the Afghan border, including dozens at a seminary where Taliban commanders were believed to be meeting. Pakistani police said they had arrested two of the men who kidnapped a British boy (5) for 12 days this month, and paraded the hooded and shackled suspects before the media. Taliban fighters seized a security checkpoint in the Orakzai tribal region close to the Afghan border, sparking clashes that killed five soldiers and 32 insurgents in a region where the army is pressing an offensive.
    (AP, 3/25/10)(AP, 3/26/10)

2010        Mar 26, Asad Qureshi, a British journalist, went missing while traveling to North Waziristan with a retired army officer Sultan Amir Tarar (Col. Imam), and Khalid Khawaja, a prominent Pakistani ex-spy. Khawaja was found killed by the captors on April 30. On Sep 9 it was reported that Qureshi and Col. Imam were released.
    (AFP, 9/9/10)(http://cpj.org/2010/04/documentary-filmmaker-missing-in-pakistan.php)

2010        Mar 27, Pakistani air strikes killed at least 11 militants in a new offensive against foreign fighters in the restive northwest tribal belt bordering Afghanistan. Suspected US missiles killed 4 people in the northwest.
    (AFP, 3/27/10)(SSFC, 3/28/10, p.A6)

2010        Mar 28, Pakistani troops repulsed a Taliban attack on an army base and bombed two militant hide-outs close to the Afghan border, killing 22 insurgents in Orakzai tribal region where the army is pressing an offensive.
    (AP, 3/28/10)(SFC, 3/29/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 29, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a meeting of anti-Taliban volunteers in northwestern Pakistan, killing one person and critically wounding two others in Tank city.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

2010        Mar 30, Iran's state television reported that its intelligence agents mounted a "complicated" cross-border mission and freed an Iranian diplomat kidnapped in 2008 by gunmen in northwestern Pakistan. Heshmatollah Attarzadeh and his Pakistani bodyguard were driving over a narrow bridge in Peshawar on Nov. 13, 2008 when two gunmen blocked their way with a car and opened fire.
    (AP, 3/30/10)

2010        Mar 31, In Pakistan US missiles and fighting in the mountains killed up to 36 militants and six Pakistani soldiers as violence swept the northwest tribal belt bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/31/10)
2010        Mar 31, Swiss authorities said they could not reopen a money-laundering case against the Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari as long as he enjoys legal immunity.
    (AP, 3/31/10)

2010        Apr 1, Pakistani troops stormed militant positions and helicopters destroyed vehicles carrying insurgents near the Afghan border, killing 28 suspected militants and forcing thousands of civilians to flee.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 2, Pakistan submitted to parliament a sweeping package of landmark constitutional reforms, stripping Pres. Asif Ali Zardari of key powers in a move to bolster parliamentary democracy. Pakistan's attorney general resigned, accusing the government of preventing him from carrying out Supreme Court orders to reopen old graft investigations into Pres. Zardari.
    (AFP, 4/2/10)

2010        Apr 3, Pakistani troops fought gunbattles and bombed militant hide-outs in a Taliban stronghold near the Afghan border, leaving six soldiers and 30 militants dead.
    (AP, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 4, Pakistani security forces killed 38 militants in two separate operations in the Orakzai tribal area near the Afghan border where the army recently launched an offensive targeting the Pakistani Taliban.
    (AP, 4/4/10)

2010        Apr 5, In northwest Pakistan Islamist militants attacked a US consulate in Peshawar with car bombs and grenades, killing 8 people. 4 militants were killed during the attack. Hours earlier 45 people died in a suicide attack on a political rally in the town of Timergarah in Lower Dir.
    (AP, 4/5/10)(AFP, 4/5/10)(AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 6, Pakistani police killed two suspected suicide bombers during a raid in the Mittani area on the outskirts of Peshawar.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 7, In northwestern Pakistan militants attached a bomb to a tanker carrying fuel to NATO forces in Afghanistan, destroying the vehicle and killing a boy who was riding in a van behind it.
    (AP, 4/7/10)

2010        Apr 8, Pakistan's National Assembly unanimously passed a set of constitutional reforms, curbing the powers of President Asif Ali Zardari and transferring them to the prime minister and parliament.
    (Reuters, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 9, Pakistani security forces killed 29 militants in two troubled tribal regions near Afghanistan, as troops pressed on with operations aimed at flushing out insurgents who have threatened the state.
    (AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 10, Pakistani airstrikes killed nearly 100 suspected militants in two northwest tribal regions, an apparent intensification of efforts by the army to mop up Taliban fighters fleeing a military operation farther south. Up to 71 civilians were killed in the strike by Pakistani jets near the Afghan border. Military officials initially said 42 militants were killed in a gunfight and two air strikes in the Tirah valley, but tribesmen later said up to 61 civilians were killed. A security official estimated that 15 civilians died.
    (AP, 4/10/10)(AP, 4/13/10)(AP, 4/17/10)

2010        Apr 11, In Pakistan fighter jets pounded militant hide-outs in the northwest, killing 10 suspected insurgents as part of a military operation that has eliminated more than 300 fighters in the last three weeks.
    (AP, 4/11/10)

2010        Apr 12, In Pakistan dozens of militants armed with rockets and automatic weapons attacked two security checkpoints in the villages of Shireen Dara and Sangrana. Security forces successfully repelled the attack, but two soldiers were killed and three others wounded. After the battles subsided, authorities found the bodies of 15 dead militants around the two checkpoints. Intelligence officials said insurgents removed the bodies of at least 26 others who were killed. 13 civilians were reportedly killed in a US missile strike elsewhere in North Waziristan. Pakistan intelligence officials said the missile attack close to the town of Miran Shah  killed four suspected militants.
    (AP, 4/12/10)(AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 16, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a hospital emergency room where Shiite Muslims were mourning a slain bank manager, killing 10 people including a journalist and two policemen in Quetta. A suspected US missile strike killed four alleged militants in the Toorkhel area in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 4/16/10)(AP, 4/17/10)

2010        Apr 17, In northwest Pakistan 2 suicide bombers dressed in burqas struck a crowd of displaced people collecting aid handouts, killing 42 people and wounding more than 60 at the Kacha Pukha camp on the outskirts of the garrison city of Kohat.
    (AFP, 4/17/10)(AFP, 4/19/10)

2010        Apr 18, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed a truck loaded with explosives into a police station in the Kohat area, killing a child and six other civilians. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 4/18/10)

2010        Apr 19, In Pakistan at least 23 people including police officials were killed in a suicide bombing in the Qissa Khawani Bazaar in Peshawar. Hours earlier a boy (8) was killed and at least ten people were injured in a bombing outside a high school in Peshawar. A later explosion Boharh Bazaar slightly damaged a parked car and two shops.
    (AP, 4/19/10)

2010        Apr 20, Pakistani officials said several senior Pakistani police and intelligence officials have been removed from their posts after a damning April 15 UN report into the killing of ex-premier Benazir Bhutto.
    (AFP, 4/20/10)

2010        Apr 22, Pakistan security forces, backed by tanks and artillery, killed at least 20 Taliban militants in a clash in the northwestern region of Orakzai. One soldier was killed in the fighting. Militants ambushed a Pakistani army convoy traveling in North Waziristan that is mostly home to insurgent groups focused on the war in neighboring Afghanistan, killing eight soldiers. Intelligence officials said tribesmen joined local Taliban fighters to stage the ambush after a 15-year-old boy in the area was allegedly shot to death by an earlier group of traveling soldiers.
    (Reuters, 4/22/10)(AP, 4/23/10)

2010        Apr 24, In northwest Pakistan a suicide attack on a prison van wounded at least 10 policemen in Timergarah. Troops waging an offensive in the Orakzai tribal region killed 20 suspected Taliban insurgents. Gunmen torched 6 NATO oil tankers killing 4 police officers in the Chakwal district of Punjab province.
    (AP, 4/24/10)(SSFC, 4/25/10, p.A7)

2010        Apr 26, In Pakistan US missiles killed four alleged Taliban insurgents in the northwest, while three other militant suspects were slain in a shootout with local security forces elsewhere in the region. The body of an anti-Taliban tribal elder was found in the Bajur tribal region. The killers left a note on the body of Maulana Abdul Haleem stating "any one found involved in helping the government against the Taliban will meet the same fate."
    (AP, 4/26/10)

2010        Apr 27, Pakistani troops killed 13 suspected insurgents in the Orakzai tribal region near Afghanistan. 8 militants died after a battle over a checkpoint in the Bezod area of Orakzai. Airstrikes killed five more in the Kasha area.
    (AP, 4/27/10)
2010        Apr 27, Indiaís foreign ministry said a female diplomat, Mrs. Gupta (53), working in the Indian embassy in Islamabad has been arrested on charges of spying for Pakistan. Strikes to protest rising food and fuel prices shut down air, rail and road traffic in several parts of India.
    (AFP, 4/27/10)(SSFC, 5/2/10, p.M3)

2010        Apr 28, In Pakistan security forces have killed seven suspected insurgents in the Orakzai tribal region near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/28/10)

2010        Apr 29, The prime ministers of India and Pakistan agreed to resume peace talks between their top diplomats and work toward rebuilding trust shattered by the deadly 2008 Mumbai terror attacks that New Delhi blamed on Pakistani militants.
    (AP, 4/29/10)

2010        Apr 30, In Pakistan Khalid Khawaja, a former intelligence officer, was found shot dead in a northwest tribal region. Khawaja went missing in late March with another ex-intelligence official, Sultan Amir Tarar, and journalist Asad Qureshi. There was no word on the fate of the two others. Pakistani troops pressing an anti-Taliban offensive into a second month in a lawless tribal district near the Afghan border killed at least eight militants. Taliban militants blew up a state-run girls' school in Sadiqabad village in Bajaur, another of Pakistan's seven tribal districts where militants have destroyed 89 schools.
    (AP, 4/30/10)(AFP, 4/30/10)(AP, 9/9/10)

2010        May 1, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed five people in the Swat Valley, fuelling fears of a Taliban comeback in the area a year after a major army offensive routed the group.
    (Reuters, 5/1/10)
2010        May 1, NYC police found an "amateurish" but potentially powerful bomb that apparently began to detonate but did not explode in a smoking sport utility vehicle in Times Square. The Pakistani Taliban quickly claimed responsibility for the failed car bomb attack.
    (AP, 5/2/10)

2010        May 2, Pakistani army helicopter gunships pounded insurgent hideouts in the northwest, killing at least 22 militants.
    (AP, 5/2/10)

2010        May 3, In Pakistan suspected US missiles killed four alleged militants in a tribal region near the Afghan border, while a top US general arrived to discuss the countries' efforts in the war against Islamist extremists.
    (AP, 5/3/10)
2010        May 3, In India Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab (22), a Pakistani national, was found guilty for his role in the 60-hour siege (Nov 26-28, 2008) that left 166 people dead. He was convicted on most of the 86 charges against him and faced the death penalty. The next day Judge M.L. Tahaliyani imposed the death penalty against Kasab on four counts of murder, waging war against India, conspiracy and terrorism offences.
    (AFP, 5/3/10)(AFP, 5/6/10)
2010        May 3, Faisal Shahzad (30), a US citizen who had recently returned from a five-month trip to his native Pakistan, was arrested at a New York airport on charges that he drove a bomb-laden SUV meant to cause a fireball in Times Square.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 5, A Pakistani anti-terror court acquitted four men put on trial over the 2008 bombing of the five-star Marriott hotel in Islamabad that killed at least 60 people. Suspects Rana Ilyas, Dr Mohammad Usman Safi, Hameed Afzal and Tehseenullah Jan, were arrested in Islamabad and the neighboring garrison city of Rawalpindi in October, one month after the devastating bomb.
    (AFP, 5/5/10)

2010        May 7, In Pakistan gunmen attacked a police checkpoint in the northwest Mansehra district killing four officers.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 8, Pakistan successfully test-fired two ballistic missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads, as the Islamic nation's leader urged the world to recognize it as a legitimate nuclear power.
    (AP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 9, In Pakistan 10 people were killed in a US drone attack in North Waziristan. 9 of the 10 were said to be militants.
    (AP, 5/9/10)(SFC, 5/10/10, p.A2)
2010        May 9, US Attorney General Eric Holder said Washington had evidence that Pakistani Taliban were behind a failed car bomb attack in the heart of New York City.
    (AFP, 5/9/10)

2010        May 10, In Pakistan army troops rooting out extremist militants in the country's northwest clashed with Taliban fighters, leaving 9 troops and 37 militants dead.
    (AP, 5/10/10)
2010        May 10, In Chile Mauhannas Saif ur Rehnab (28) of Pakistan was detained under terms of Chile's anti-terror law after officials detected traces of TNT on him when he visited the US embassy in Santiago. On May 15 he was set free pending an investigation, but could not leave Chile and must check in with a judge every two weeks.
    (AFP, 5/16/10)

2010        May 11, In Pakistan US drone aircraft killed at least 24 suspected militants in two attacks in North Waziristan, a major al Qaeda and Taliban sanctuary.
    (Reuters, 5/11/10)

2010        May 12, Pakistani Taliban shot and killed two men whom they accused of spying for the United States, while a bomb ripped through a NATO oil tanker near the Afghan border and killed a passer-by.
    (AP, 5/12/10)

2010        May 15, In Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed at least five people in the northwest Khyber tribal region. Militants armed with assault rifles kidnapped about 60 people in a troubled tribal region in the northwest in the Kurram region after ambushing their vehicles.
    (AP, 5/15/10)

2010        May 16, Pakistanís military killed 58 suspected militants in the northwestern Orakzai tribal region with a mix of airstrikes and ground combat, the latest violence in a months-long campaign to rout Taliban fighters from a mountainous area near the Afghan border. Militants who kidnapped 60 people at gunpoint the day before released 40 of their hostages. Another 10 people told the local government they managed to escape the militants. The kidnappers kept the wealthier men so they could demand ransom from their families.
    (AP, 5/16/10)

2010        May 18, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber on a bicycle killed 11 people when he attacked a police patrol in an area where many citizens fled last year to escape a large army offensive against the Taliban.
    (AP, 5/18/10)

2010        May 19, Pakistan's government ordered Internet service providers to block Facebook amid anger over a page that encourages users to post images of Islam's Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 5/19/10)

2010        May 20, The Pakistani government blocked access to YouTube because of "sacrilegious" content on the video-sharing website, signaling a growing Internet crackdown against sites deemed offensive to the country's majority Muslim population.
    (AP, 5/20/10)
2010        May 20, In Pakistan a British couple and their daughter were shot dead at a cemetery near Gujarat as part of a family feud while visiting for a wedding. Reports named them as Mohammad Yousaf, his wife Pervaiz and their daughter Tanya (22), from Nelson in Lancashire.
    (AFP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 21, Pakistani protesters shouted "Death to Facebook", "Death to America" and burnt US flags, venting growing anger over "sacrilegious" caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed on the Internet.
    (AP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 22, In Pakistan an overnight US missile strike killed two foreign militant suspects and eight Pakistanis near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 5/22/10)

2010        May 23, Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said that his country plans to boost trade with Egypt, during a visit to Cairo where he met with President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 5/23/10)

2010        May 27, In northwest Pakistan insurgents shot and killed a pro-government tribal elder, his wife and a son, while a clash elsewhere in the volatile region left a police officer and two militants dead.
    (AP, 5/27/10)
2010        May 27, Pakistan restored access to popular video website YouTube, but Facebook and 1,200 web pages remained blocked as a row about "blasphemous" content on the Internet rumbled into a second week.
    (AFP, 5/27/10)

2010        May 28, In eastern Pakistan suspected Islamist militants attacked two mosques packed with hundreds of worshippers from a minority sect, holding hostages and battling police. 93 people died, and dozens were wounded in the worst attack ever against the Ahmadi sect.
    (AP, 5/28/10)(AP, 5/29/10)

2010        May 30, In Pakistan fighter jets pounded militant hide-outs in the northwest, killing 18 suspected fighters. Militants in the neighboring Kurram tribal area opened fire on a passenger vehicle, killing two women and wounding four other people.
    (AP, 5/30/10)

2010        May 31, Pakistan lifted a ban on Facebook after officials from the social networking site apologized for a page deemed offensive to Muslims and removed its contents.
    (AP, 5/31/10)
2010        May 31, Al-Qaida announced that its No. 3 official, Mustafa al-Yazid, had been killed along with members of his family, perhaps one of the most severe blows to the terror movement since the US campaign against al-Qaida began. A US official said al-Yazid was believed to have died in a US missile strike about a week ago in Pakistan. Gunmen disguised in police uniforms attacked a hospital in Lahore killing 6 people in a failed attempt to free a captured militant being treated there. The militant was part of a group that killed 93 people on May 28 in an assault on the Ahmadi sect.
    (AP, 5/31/10)(SFC, 6/1/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 2, Pakistan and Spain expressed their joint commitment to fight terrorism as they signed a broad bilateral agreement aimed at enhancing cooperation on security, trade and other issues.
    (AFP, 6/2/10)

2010        Jun 6, In Pakistan heavy rains and winds lashed the port city of Karachi as Cyclone Phet swirled along the coastline after claiming the lives of 15 people in Oman.
    (AFP, 6/6/10)

2010        Jun 8, The Pakistani Taliban staged a public execution in front of hundreds of tribesmen in North Waziristan after an Islamic court convicted the man of killing two brothers.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 9, In Pakistan gunmen in an overnight raid attacked military vehicles and goods destined for NATO in Afghanistan, torching up to 60 trailers and killing seven people in an unprecedented assault near Islamabad.
    (AFP, 6/9/10)
2010        Jun 9, A US district Court in Manhattan sentenced Syed Hashmi (30), a Pakistani American, to 15 years in prison for helping an Al-Qaida operative supply raincoats, ponchos and waterproof socks to militants in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 6/10/10, p.A5)

2010        Jun 10, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed one person and wounded three in the southern port city of Karachi. It exploded in a parking area near a neighborhood where many naval officers reside.
    (AP, 6/10/10)

2010        Jun 11, In northwestern Pakistan a volley of US missiles killed 15 alleged militants in an extremist stronghold, the second such strike in less than 12 hours.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 12, Pakistani fighter jets destroyed several militant hide-outs in the northwest, killing 10 insurgents in the Orakzai tribal region.
    (AP, 6/12/10)

2010        Jun 13, Iran and Pakistan formally signed a $7 billion export deal which commits the Islamic republic to supplying its eastern neighbor with natural gas from 2014.
    (Reuters, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, The London School of Economics issued new research report saying Pakistan's main spy agency continues to arm and train the Taliban and is even represented on the group's leadership council despite US pressure to sever ties and billions in aid to combat the militants.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, An American armed with a pistol and a 40-inch (102-cm) sword was detained in northern Pakistan and told investigators he was on a solo mission to kill Osama bin Laden. He was identified as Gary Brooks Faulkner (52), a Californian construction worker.
    (AP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 15, The international aid group Mercy Corps said it has suspended its operations in Pakistan after kidnappers killed one of its employees. 4 Pakistani employees of Mercy Corps were abducted Feb. 18 as they drove to one of their offices in Quetta. The agency recently learned that a 52-year-old driver in the group, a father of nine identified only as Habibullah, had been slain earlier this month. There was no word on the fate of the other three staffers.
    (AP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 18, India handed over to Pakistan a new dossier of evidence related to the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, ahead of talks next week between top foreign ministry officials.
    (AP, 6/18/10)

2010        Jun 19, In Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed 13 people in the North Waziristan tribal region. A roadside bomb aimed at police in the country's volatile northwest killed a civilian and wounded eight people. Gunmen opened fire on police at a court in the southern city of Karachi; one police officer and an attacker were killed. Gunmen opened fire on a vehicle carrying an area police chief, Abdul Wahab, in the southwestern city of Quetta, wounding him critically.
    (AP, 6/19/10)

2010        Jun 20, Zimbabwe arrested two Pakistani men for using fake passports. State media later said one man is potentially linked to the November 2008 attacks in Mumbai. Suspect Imran Muhammad (33) was wanted in Pakistan for alleged involvement in the Mumbai attacks, which left 166 people dead. The second man was identified as Chaudry Parvez Ahmed.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 22, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani, defying a warning from Washington, promised to go ahead with a plan to import natural gas from Iran even if the US levies additional sanctions. Pakistani troops backed by fighter jets killed 43 militants and wounded two dozen others in the Orakzai tribal region. 4 soldiers were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 6/22/10)

2010        Jun 23, British Foreign Secretary William Hague pledged to deepen strategic relations with Pakistan as he paid his first visit to Islamabad since the new government in London took power.
    (AFP, 6/23/10)

2010        Jun 24, Indian and Pakistani diplomats pledged to strive for sustained dialogue to get their fragile relations back on track and deny militants space to derail reconciliation efforts.
    (AFP, 6/24/10)

2010        Jun 25, India detained a Pakistan-bound cargo ship carrying a "huge quantity" of explosives and other weapons at a harbor in eastern India. Police identified the vessel as the MV Aegean Glory and said it was registered in Panama.
    (AFP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 26, In Pakistan twin low intensity bomb blasts hit a CD market in the eastern city of Lahore wounding four people and creating havoc in the area.
    (AFP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 27, In Pakistan suspected US missiles struck a militant compound in the northwest, killing at least three people in an area teeming with Taliban and al-Qaida fighters.
    (AP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 28, Four Pakistani soldiers were killed when Taliban militants ambushed an army patrol in the tribal district of Bajaur near the Afghan border. A truck carrying chemicals accidentally exploded in southern Pakistan after pressure built up in its storage tank, killing 18 people and wounding 40.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)(AP, 6/28/10)

2010        Jun 29, In Pakistan suspected US missiles hit a house in the South Waziristan tribal region. 8 militants including an Egyptian allied with Al-Qaida were killed.
    (AP, 6/29/10)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.A4)

2010        Jun 30, In Pakistan Samiullah Khan, a deputy administrator in the Orakzai tribal region, said the aerial bombings have destroyed six Taliban hide-outs in the region leaving at least 20 militants dead.
    (AP, 6/30/10)

2010        Jul 1, In Lahore, Pakistan, at least two suicide bombers attacked a popular Muslim shrine minutes apart killing 42 people with some 175 injured. Thousands of people were visiting Data Darbar shrine at the time of the attack. It contains the tomb of a famous Sufi saint and is visited by hundreds of thousands of people every year.
    (AP, 7/1/10)(WSJ, 7/2/10, p.A1)(SFC, 7/3/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 5, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated his explosives at a paramilitary base killing one soldier and wounding at least 7 others. The army said it killed Taliban commander Amir Ullah Mehsud during a clash in Miran Shah.
    (SFC, 7/6/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 9, In Pakistan a pair of suicide bombers struck outside a government office in the Mohmand tribal region, killing 102 people and wounding 168 near the Yakaghund village office of Rasool Khan.
    (AP, 7/9/10)(AP, 7/10/10)

2010        Jul 14, India's Foreign Minister S.M. Krishna arrived in Pakistan saying that he brought a message of "peace and friendship" but called on Islamabad to act decisively against terrorism.
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Jul 15, In Pakistan an apparent suicide bombing near a bus terminal in the Swat Valley killed five people and wounded at least 58.
    (AP, 7/15/10)
2010        Jul 15, Pakistan and India sought to improve their strained relationship with high-level talks aimed at rebuilding trust that was fractured by the terrorist attacks that killed 166 people in the Indian city of Mumbai nearly two years ago.
    (AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 16, In Pakistan a powerful bomb blast ripped through a busy market in the Khyber tribal region, an area along the Afghan border, killing 10 people including children.
    (AP, 7/16/10)(AP, 7/17/10)

2010        Jul 17, In northwest Pakistan suspected militants ambushed a convoy of vehicles being escorted by security forces, killing 18 people, including two women in the Kurram region. 6 people were injured when two bomb blasts hit a market in Lahore, damaging two Internet cafes. Jet fighters killed 18 militants in strikes on suspected hideouts in the Orakzai region.
    (Reuters, 7/17/10)(AFP, 7/17/10)

2010        Jul 18, Afghanistan and Pakistan announced a trade agreement, which the US helped to forge, to facilitate the shipment of goods between and through the two countries.
    (SFC, 7/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 19, In Pakistan gunmen killed two Pakistani Christian brothers accused of blasphemy against Islam as they left a court in Faisalabad. The men were chained together when the attack took place.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 20, Pakistani army guards shot and killed three suspected suicide bombers and two other militants as they tried to enter a sprawling military firing range in the northwest.
    (AP, 7/20/10)

2010        Jul 21, In Pakistan heavy monsoon rains killed at least 17 people and affected thousands more.
    (AFP, 7/23/10)

2010        Jul 22, The US Treasury Department sanctioned three insurgent leaders, including Nasiruddin Haqqani, an emissary for the Haqqani Network (Afghanistan-Pakistan) and brother of Sirajuddin Haqqani who leads the group with his father, Jalaluddin.
    (AP, 7/24/10)

2010        Jul 23, Pakistanís government said 30 people had been killed in flash floods in Baluchistan province, mostly in Barkhan district.
    (AP, 7/23/10)

2010        Jul 24, In northwest Pakistan gunmen killed the son of Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. US missiles hit a suspected militant hide-out, killing 12 insurgents in a compound in the Nazai Narai area of South Waziristan.
    (AP, 7/24/10)(AP, 7/25/10)

2010        Jul 25, In Pakistan US missiles hit a compound in South Waziristan, killing four militants in a second drone attack in as many days in the region seen as al-Qaeda headquarters.
    (AFP, 7/25/10)

2010        Jul 26, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber struck near the home of a provincial minister whose only son was recently killed by the militants. Mian Iftikhar Hussain, information minister of Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa province and an outspoken critic of the Taliban, was the apparent target. 7 people were killed and 25 wounded.
    (AP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange promised that the release of some 91,000 secret US military documents on the Afghanistan war is just the beginning, adding that he still has thousands more Afghan files to post online. The files were  mostly field reports and intelligence assessments from 2004-2009. Pakistan's most powerful spy agency on lashed out against a trove of leaked US intelligence reports that alleged close connections between it and Taliban militants fighting NATO troops in Afghanistan, calling the accusations malicious and unsubstantiated.
    (AP, 7/26/10)(Econ, 7/31/10, p.28)

2010        Jul 27, A former Pakistani spy, Sultan Amir Tarar, kidnapped by militants four months ago in northwestern Pakistan threatened in a video to expose the government's "weaknesses" unless it frees prisoners to secure his release as demanded by his captors.
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Jul 28, In Pakistan an Airbus A321 passenger jet, flight number ED202, crashed into the hills overlooking Islamabad amid poor weather, killing all 152 people on board and blazing a path of devastation strewn with body parts and twisted metal wreckage.
    (AP, 7/28/10)
2010        Jul 28, In northwest Pakistan flash floods and building collapses brought on by heavy rains killed 34 people.
    (AFP, 7/28/10)

2010        Jul 29, In northwest Pakistan the death toll rose to at least 60 people with hundreds of thousands stranded in the region's worst flooding in decades.
    (AP, 7/29/10)

2010        Jul 30, In Pakistan the death toll from three days of flooding reached at least 430, as rains bloated rivers, submerged villages, and triggered landslides.
    (AP, 7/30/10)

2010        Jul 31, Pakistani officials said flooding has killed more than 800 people in a week as rescuers struggled to reach marooned victims and some evacuees showed signs of fever, diarrhea and other waterborne diseases.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 1, In Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded as army troops were clearing a road in the northwestern tribal region, killing two soldiers.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In northwestern Pakistan the death toll from massive floods rose to 1,100 as rescue workers struggled to save more than 27,000 people still trapped by the raging water.
    (AP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 2, Pakistani lawmaker Raza Haider (35) was killed in a drive-by shooting in downtown Karachi, where political and ethnic assassinations have fanned increasing tensions. Haider was a member of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, the political party that runs the city and represents mainly descendants of Urdu-speaking migrants from India who settled in Pakistan when it was created in 1947.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 2, In Pakistan fears were growing for up to 2.5 million people affected by the worst floods in 80 years amid outbreaks of disease after monsoon rains killed up to 1,500 people.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 3, In Pakistan gunmen killed at least 45 people Karachi after the assassination of a prominent lawmaker set off a cycle of revenge attacks. Dozens of vehicles and shops were set ablaze as security forces struggled to regain control of the city.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Pakistan floodwaters that devastated the mountainous northwest surged into the heartland, submerging dozens of villages along bloated rivers whose torrents have killed at least 1,500 people and put 100,000 at risk of disease. Fresh rains in the hardest-hit northwest threatened to overwhelm a major dam and unleash a new deluge.
    (AP, 8/3/10)

2010        Aug 4, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a vehicle carrying the chief of a paramilitary police force in Peshawar, killing him and four others in an attack that ended a relative lull in violence in a city often targeted by the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/4/10)

2010        Aug 5, Pakistan began evacuating half a million people from flood-risk areas in the south as the overall number hit by the country's worst floods in living memory rose to more than four million. US Army choppers flew their first relief missions in the flood-ravaged northwest.
    (AFP, 8/5/10)(AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 6, Pakistan battled to contain flooding in its rich agricultural south, evacuating half a million people from risk areas as the UN warned of the "daunting" scale of the crisis.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, Britain and Pakistan agreed to do more together to fight Islamist militancy, brushing aside a diplomatic spat that followed British criticism of Pakistani efforts to counter extremism. Visiting Pakistan's Pres. President Asif Ali Zardari held official talks with PM David Cameron, roughly a week after the British leader ignited a diplomatic row by accusing Pakistan of exporting terrorism during a trip to the country's nuclear rival, India.
    (Reuters, 8/6/10)(AP, 8/6/10)

2010        Aug 10, Pakistanís President Asif Ali Zardari returned to his flood-ravaged country, where he faced a storm of criticism for visiting Europe as his country was gripped by what his government called the nation's worst natural disaster. The UN said the Pakistaní government's estimate of 13.8 million people affected by the country's worst-ever floods exceeded the combined total of three recent megadisasters, the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.
    (AP, 8/10/10)

2010        Aug 11, The UN appealed for $459 million in aid for flood-hit Pakistan, warning of a second wave of death among sick, hungry survivors unless help arrived quickly.
    (Reuters 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 14, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen targeted non-ethnic Baluchis traveling on a bus and painting a house in two attacks, killing 7 Taliban and 7 tribesmen and wounding eight.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(AP, 2/25/12)

2010        Aug 15, Pakistani men took turns savagely beating the two teenage brothers with sticks, drawing blood before dragging and hanging their dead bodies from a nearby pole. None of the dozens of people watching tried to stop the attack, not even several police. The scene was caught on video and broadcast on news channels. The boys in Sialkot, a town in eastern Punjab province, may have been mistaken for robbers. At least 10 suspects were later arrested, including four police officers.
    (AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 15, UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged the world to quicken aid for up to 20 million people hit by Pakistan's worst humanitarian crisis as he flew in to visit areas ravaged by record floods.
    (AFP, 8/15/10)

2010        Aug 16, In Pakistan angry flood survivors blocked a highway to protest slow delivery of aid and heavy rain lashed makeshift housing as a forecast of more flooding increased the urgency of the massive international relief effort.
    (AP, 8/16/10)

2010        Aug 17, The World Bank said it will redirect $900 million of its existing loans to Pakistan to help in flood recovery, as the UN warned that many of the 20 million people affected by the disaster have yet to receive any emergency aid.
    (AP, 8/17/10)

2010        Aug 18, In Pakistan militants exploiting the flooding chaos clashed with police overnight, as desperately needed international donations for the millions of victims picked up pace three weeks after the deluge began.
    (AP, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 18, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev offered Pakistan support in dealing with catastrophic floods as he hosted the leaders of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan for talks on efforts to stabilize the region.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 19, The UN said more than 4 million Pakistanis have been made homeless by nearly 3 weeks of floods, making the critical task of securing greater amounts of aid more urgent.
    (Reuters, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 20, UN agencies stepped up calls for donors to cash up pledges for Pakistan in order to prevent what UN chief Ban Ki-moon called a "slow-motion tsunami" from wrecking further catastrophe.
    (AFP, 8/20/10)

2010        Aug 21, About 150,000 Pakistanis were forced to move to higher ground over the last 24 hours as floodwaters from a freshly swollen Indus River submerged dozens more towns and villages in the south. The floods have affected about one-fifth of Pakistan's territory, straining its civilian government as it also struggles against al-Qaida and Taliban violence. At least 6 million people have been made homeless and 20 million affected overall. The economic cost is expected to run into billions of dollars.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Pakistan suspected US missiles fired from an unmanned drone killed six militants in a tribal region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 8/21/10)

2010        Aug 22, Pakistani authorities evacuated tens of thousands from flood-threatened areas in the south, but insisted that the 2.5 million people of Hyderabad were safe from the nation's worst-ever inundation.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)

2010        Aug 23, In Pakistan 3 bomb attacks in the northwest killed at least 36 people. A bomb exploded inside a school during a meeting of elders in Kurram tribal region, killing seven people. An attack on the outskirts of Peshawar killed the leader of an anti-Taliban militia, Israr Khan, and two aides as he passed through a market in the village of Matni. The deadliest blast was a suicide attack at a mosque inside a religious school in South Waziristan that killed 26 people and injured 40 more.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Aug 24, The UN said some 80,000 people have been cut off by floods in Pakistan and that it needs at least 40 more helicopters to ferry aid to increasingly desperate people.
    (SFC, 8/25/10, p.A3)

2010        Aug 25, The United States said it will divert $50 million from a development package for Pakistan toward relief funds.
    (Reuters, 8/25/10)

2010        Aug 26, Pakistani Taliban spokesman Azam Tariq claimed that the United States and other countries were not really focused on providing aid to flood victims but had other "intentions" he did not specify. The death toll in the floods stood around 1,500 people. Officials ordered nearly half a million people to evacuate towns as rising floods threaten further havoc.
    (AP, 8/26/10)(AFP, 8/26/10)

2010        Aug 27, Hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis fled floodwaters after the surging River Indus smashed through levees in two places, but many refused to leave the danger zone while others took shelter in an ancient graveyard for Muslim saints.
    (AP, 8/27/10)

2010        Aug 28, In Pakistan floodwaters made another break in the levees protecting the southern Pakistani city of Thatta. Over 175,000 residents fled for high ground and left the city nearly empty.
    (AP, 8/28/10)

2010        Aug 29, In Pakistan floodwaters inundated southern Sujawal town as authorities struggled to build new levees with clay and stone to prevent one of the area's biggest cities from suffering the same fate. Almost all of Sujawal's 250,000 residents fled the town before the water rushed in.
    (AP, 8/29/10)
2010        Aug 29, Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, the head of the Organization of The Islamic Conference, said Muslims have pledged nearly $1 billion in cash and relief supplies for Pakistan.
    (SFC, 8/30/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 29, In Britain 2 men and a woman were arrested in connection with allegations that Pakistani cricket players were involved in a betting scam.
    (AFP, 8/31/10)

2010        Aug 31, Pakistani government airstrikes killed eight suspected insurgents in the Khyber tribal region bordering Afghanistan. Two intelligence officials confirmed the airstrikes but said 30 insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 8/31/10)(AP, 9/1/10)

2010        Sep 1, In Pakistan 3 suicide bombs ripped through a Shiite Muslim religious procession in the eastern city of Lahore, killing at least 35 people and wounding 250.
    (AP, 9/2/10)
2010        Sep 1, The US government designated the Pakistani Taliban a terrorist group and accused its leader, Hakimullah Mehsud, of involvement in a December suicide bombing that killed 7 Americans at a CIA post in eastern Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 9/2/10, p.A2)

2010        Sep 3, In Pakistan a suicide bombing targeting religious minorities killed at least 65 people in Quetta. A suicide attack on a mosque belonging to the minority Ahmadi sect killed at least one person and wounded several others in the northwest town of Mardan. Suspected US missiles killed five people in a tribal region near the Afghan border. A bomb was detonated by remote control as officers patrolled in Peshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
    (AP, 9/3/10)(AP, 9/4/10)

2010        Sep 6, In northwestern Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated a car in an alley behind a police station in Lakki Marwat, killing at least 19 police and civilians in an explosion that shattered the station and neighboring homes. A US drone fired 2 missiles and killed 5 alleged militants in North Waziristan, home to the Haqqani network, a militant group battling US and NATO forces in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 9/6/10)(AFP, 9/6/10)

2010        Sep 7, In Pakistan at least 17 people were killed and more than 20 wounded in a bomb attack targeting a police headquarters in the northwestern city of Kohat.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)(SFC, 9/8/10, p.A3)
2010        Sep 7, The UN said more than 10 million people have been left without shelter in Pakistan's floods for the past 6 weeks, in "one of the worst humanitarian disasters" in UN history.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)

2010        Sep 8, In Pakistan 3 suspected US missile strikes in less than 12 hours hit militant targets in the northwest, an unusually intense barrage that follows four other such attacks in the last week. At least 14 suspected militants were killed.
    (AP, 9/8/10)

2010        Sep 9, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed 10 people and wounded four in a tribal region on the Afghan border. A suicide bomber detonated himself inside the house of a government minister in the Pakistan's southwestern city of Quetta, killing three people. A suspected American missile strike killed five alleged militants in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/9/10)

2010        Sep 12, In Pakistan a suspected US missile strike in North Waziristan killed at least five associates of warlord Hafiz Gul Bahadur, who was fighting Western troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 14, In Pakistan 2 US missile attacks hit alleged militant targets in a tribal area killing 15 alleged militants. They hit in a part of North Waziristan region dominated by the Haqqani and Hafiz Gul Bahadur networks of militants fighting US troops across the border in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/14/10)(AFP, 9/15/10)

2010        Sep 15, Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari said that his nation's intelligence services are willing to cooperate closer with Afghanistan to fight Taliban militants. Two separate US missile strikes targeting Al-Qaeda-linked fighters in the northwest tribal belt killed 15 militants.
    (AP, 9/15/10)(AFP, 9/15/10)

2010        Sep 16, In Britain Imran Farooq (50), a founding member of Pakistan's Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), a major political force in Karachi, was found with head injuries and stab wounds outside his home in north London. On Dec 9 British police arrested a 34-year-old man on suspicion of murdering Farooq. On Aug 27, 2014, British police arrested another man (30) in connection with the 2010 murder.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)(AFP, 12/9/10)(AP, 8/27/14)

2010        Sep 17, In Pakistan 48 people died in a dispute over access to water in the Kurram region. Fighting near the border with Afghanistan between two tribes, one Sunni and the other Shia, has killed 102 people over the last two weeks.
    (AP, 9/17/10)

2010        Sep 19, In Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed five alleged militants in the North Waziristan tribal area. Weekend clashes during a two-day search operation on the outskirts of Peshawar killed 15 militants and two police officers and wounded two soldiers.
    (AP, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 20, In Pakistan suspected US drones fired missiles at militant targets in North Waziristan, killing six people in the 15th such attack this month.
    (AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 21, In Pakistan-held Kashmir a van carrying at least 30 schoolchildren plunged into a river, and most of the passengers were confirmed or feared dead.
    (AP, 9/21/10)
2010        Sep 21, Eighteen people have died and 48 are missing after Fanapi churned through southern China, while 65 people were killed in monsoon rain in India and 100,000 displaced after a lake burst in southern Pakistan. Two people went missing and thousands of homes flooded when a record rainstorm hit parts of South Korea during a national holiday.
    (AFP, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep 23,  A New York court sentenced Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani scientist, to 86 years in prison. Siddiqui (38) was detained in Afghanistan in 2008. She was found guilty of seizing a weapon from one of her captors and trying to shoot US authorities who were interrogating her there.
    (AP, 9/24/10)

2010        Sep 24, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani called Aafia Siddiqui, a female scientist convicted of trying to kill US interrogators in Afghanistan, "the daughter of the nation" and vowed to campaign for her release from an American jail.
    (AP, 9/24/10)

2010        Sep 25, A Pakistani court acquitted three men charged over a deadly suicide car bomb attack near the Danish embassy in Islamabad in 2008. Prosecutors said they would appeal the verdict.
    (AFP, 9/25/10)
2010        Sep 25, In northwestern Pakistan suspected US missiles targeted a vehicle, killing four alleged militants. It was the 17th such attack this month, the most intense barrage since the airstrikes began in 2004. The drone attack killed Sheikh Fateh, Al-Qaeda's operational chief for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The latest strike occurred some hours after gunmen killed two worshippers in Bahawalpur. NATO helicopters in eastern Afghanistan launched rare airstrikes into Pakistan, killing more 49 militants and prompting a protest from Islamabad. A second attack occurred when helicopters returned to the border area and were attacked by insurgents based in Pakistan. It killed at least four militants.
    (AP, 9/25/10)(AP, 9/27/10)(AFP, 9/28/10)

2010        Sep 26, In Pakistan 2 US drone strikes targeting vehicles killed 7 militants in North Waziristan, the rugged tribal region near the Afghan border.
    (AFP, 9/26/10)

2010        Sep 27, Pakistan was chosen to head the UN atomic agency's governing body, despite its refusal to accept the nonproliferation treaty and its link to the nuclear black marketer who supplied Iran and North Korea.
    (AP, 9/27/10)
2010        Sep 27, Pakistani intelligence officials said two NATO helicopters carried out a third strike inside Pakistani territory, killing five militants and wounding nine others. A suspected US missile strike killed four people near Mir Ali, North Waziristan. Pakistan's Frontier Corps paramilitary said it had recovered a huge hoard of military equipment stolen from NATO supply convoys travelling to Afghanistan. The equipment was looted during the last five to six months.
    (AP, 9/27/10)(AFP, 9/27/10)

2010        Sep 28, In Pakistan a suspected American missile strike killed four militants in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/28/10)

2010        Sep 29, Security sources and media reports said Western intelligence agencies have uncovered an Al-Qaeda plot to launch attacks in Britain, France and Germany by extremists based in Pakistan.
    (AFP, 9/29/10)

2010        Sep 30, Pakistani troops fired warning shots at the two NATO helicopters, which responded with a pair of missiles that destroyed the post, killed 2 of the soldiers and wounded the 4 others. Pakistan then blocked a vital supply route for US and NATO troops in Afghanistan in apparent retaliation for the alleged cross-border helicopter strike. On Oct 6 the US apologized for the deaths and wounding of the Pakistani paramilitary troops.
    (AP, 9/30/10)(SFC, 10/7/10, p.A4)

2010        Sep, In Pakistan grainy a nearly six-minute video clip came to light, believed to have been recorded in Swat, showing men in Pakistani military uniforms lining up six blindfolded men in civilian clothes, then shooting them. After a voice says "finish them one by one," one apparent soldier walks over to the men and shoots them again. The other, 53-second clip shows only the executions. An inquiry was ordered on Oct 8.
    (AP, 10/2/12)

2010        Oct 1, Pakistan's ex-military ruler Pervez Musharraf launched a new political party in London. Musharraf said the only way to tackle Pakistan's ailing economy and its political infighting, problems exacerbated by recent floods, is to further bolster the army's role.
    (AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Oct 1, In southern Pakistan assailants launched two separate attacks on vehicles carrying fuel for NATO and American forces in Afghanistan, highlighting the vulnerability of the US-led mission a day after Pakistan closed a major border crossing.
    (AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Oct 1, The European Commission said it has decided to more than double its Pakistan flood aid to 150 million euros (205 million dollars). The UN has issued a record two-billion-dollar appeal for funds to cope with the disaster, which UN agencies say affected 21 million people and left 12 million in need of emergency food aid.
    (AFP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 2, In Pakistan 2 suspected American missile strikes killed 16 alleged militants in a northwestern tribal region, a sign the US is unwilling to stop using the tactic despite heightened tensions between the two countries over NATO's recent border incursions. Those killed were believed to be insurgents working for warlord Hafiz Gul Bahadur. Gunmen killed Farooq Khan, a moderate Islamic scholar who was the vice chancellor of Swat University, and his assistant.
    (AP, 10/2/10)

2010        Oct 4, The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for a pre-dawn attack on tankers carrying fuel to Afghanistan for US and other NATO forces, left vulnerable on the side of the road after Pakistan shut down a key border crossing. Some 20 trucks went up in flames and four people were killed and seven injured. A US drone strike killed eight militants, including five Germans, in North Waziristan, where Western intelligence had traced an alleged plot to attack high-profile targets in Europe.
    (AP, 10/4/10)(AFP, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 5, In northwestern Pakistan a small bomb damaged a truck that was carrying oil to NATO troops in Afghanistan, the latest attack on stalled supply convoys since Pakistan shut a key border crossing to international forces last week.
    (AP, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 6, In Pakistan a US missile strike killed five people in North Waziristan. Militants earlier attacked a depot housing 40 NATO oil tankers on the outskirts of Quetta, killing a member of staff and destroying at least 18 vehicles, in the fourth such attack in a week.
    (AFP, 10/6/10)
2010        Oct 6, It was reported that Afghan Pres. Karzai has begun secret talks over a negotiated end to the war. Sources said that for the first time Taliban representatives are fully authorized to speak for the Quetta Shura, the Afghan Taliban organization based in Pakistan, and its leader Muhammad Omar.
    (SFC, 10/6/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 7, In Pakistan 2 suspected suicide bombers blew themselves up inside a crowded Sufi shrine compound in the southern city of Karachi, killing 8 people with 65 injured.
    (Reuters, 10/7/10)(AP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 7, Interpol notified its members that India has issued arrest warrants for five Pakistani citizens, including two army officers, for alleged involvement in the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks.
    (AP, 10/7/10)
2010        Oct 7, The assembly in Indian-controlled Kashmir erupted in violence when opposition lawmakers scuffled with security guards to protest a suggestion that only a deal between India and Pakistan could bring peace to the region.
    (AP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 8, Pakistan's army chief ordered an inquiry into video clips that show men in soldiers' uniforms gunning down a group of bound and blindfolded detainees. The footage has raised concern over possible extrajudicial killings by a military that receives billions in US aid.
    (AP, 10/8/10)

2010        Oct 9, Pakistan announced it would reopen a key border crossing and allow convoys to resume delivering supplies to NATO troops in Afghanistan, ending a 10-day blockade during which trucks were stranded on their way to the border and almost 150 were destroyed by attackers. Just hours before the announcement of the reopening, gunmen armed with a rocket attacked 29 tankers carrying NATO fuel supplies which had been stopped outside a roadside restaurant in the southwest, setting them ablaze. The border is normally closed on Sundays, so Oct 11 appeared to be the soonest the flow of supplies over the crossing would resume.
    (AP, 10/9/10)

2010        Oct 10, Pakistan reopened a key border crossing to NATO supply convoys heading into Afghanistan, ending an 11-day blockade imposed after a US helicopter strike killed two Pakistani soldiers.
    (AP, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 12, In northwestern Pakistan suspected militants killed 3 anti-Taliban tribal elders in the Bazai area of the Mohmand tribal region, the latest in a string of attacks against tribesmen who dare stand up to the Islamist insurgents.
    (AP, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 13, A Pakistani government official said international lenders are estimating that this summer's floods caused $9.5 billion in damage to Pakistan's infrastructure, agriculture and other sectors. Gunmen killed Nooruddin Mengal, an ethnic Baluch political activist, as he headed from his suburban home to the city of Kalat. In central Pakistan police arrested a group of Islamist militants plotting to kill the prime minister in a gun and suicide bomb attack at his house. The 7 men were also accused of targeting other government leaders for assassination. A suspected US drone launched 4 missile strikes in North Waziristan killing 11 militants, including 3 foreigners.
    (AP, 10/13/10)(AP, 10/14/10)(SFC, 10/14/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 14, Asian Development Bank (ADB) and World Bank said Pakistan's floods caused an estimated $9.7 billion in damage to the country's infrastructure, farms and homes.
    (Reuters, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 15, Pakistan said it was willing to assist talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, and NATO confirmed its forces had helped ensure a senior Taliban commander reached Kabul. In an early morning attack in South Waziristan 5 Pakistani soldiers were killed when militants sprayed an army checkpoint with gunfire. A suspected US unmanned aircraft launched two missiles in North Waziristan. 3 were killed in the first missile strike, which hit a vehicle in Machi Khel. The 2nd strike occurred several hours later, killing six suspected militants at a house in Aziz Khel. Gunmen ambushed a truck early in the morning as it was returning home after delivering NATO supplies in Afghanistan, killing the driver and his assistant.
    (Reuters, 10/15/10)(AP, 10/15/10)(AP, 10/16/10)

2010        Oct 17, In Pakistan gunmen killed at least 25 people in Karachi over the past 24 hours, raising tensions in Pakistan's largest city as voters cast ballots to replace a provincial lawmaker murdered in August.
    (AP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 18, Pakistanís election commission said 148 lawmakers from national and regional assemblies have been suspended for failing to disclose details of their wealth.
    (SFC, 10/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 19, In Pakistan violence continued in the southern city of Karachi, with at least 16 people killed in different attacks, including eight in one incident.
    (Reuters, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 20, Parts Karachi, Pakistan, shut down after an attack on a scrapyard pushed to 51 the number of people killed in four days, a spasm of politically motivated violence in a country already wracked by Islamist militancy.
    (AP, 10/20/10)

2010        Oct 21, In northwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb killed six Taliban militants, including a prominent local commander, an attack that could have been motivated by tensions between different insurgent groups.
    (AP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 22, In Pakistan bombs hit a mosque and a group of soldiers in Peshawar, killing 9 people. Army airstrikes later in the day killed 22 suspected insurgents in the area where the soldiers had been traveling. A roadside bomb killed 6 paramilitary soldiers in the Orakzai tribal region.
    (AP, 10/22/10)(AP, 10/23/10)
2010        Oct 22, The Obama administration laid out a five-year, $2 billion military aid package for Pakistan as it pressed the Islamabad government to step up the fight against extremists there and in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 23, Pakistani army airstrikes killed 12 suspected insurgents in the Orakzai tribal region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 24, Pakistani soldiers allegedly fired machine guns and rockets on an Indian military post killing an Indian soldier in the Poonch sector of Kashmir.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Oct 25, In Pakistan a bomb blast outside the Sufi Farid Shakar Ganj shrine in Pakpattan killed at least 5 people, including 2 women. 12 people were wounded.
    (AP, 10/25/10)(AFP, 10/25/10)

2010        Oct 27, In Pakistan suspected US drones fired missiles at a house and a vehicle in a militant-infested area of North Waziristan, killing seven people. A bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded as a member of a militia drove up to a market in the village of Qamberkhel in the Khyber tribal region, wounding the militiaman and five other people in the vehicle. A bomb apparently targeting a police patrol in Baluchistan province killed two civilians and wounded 9 other people, including four police officers.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 28, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire on a Japanese consular vehicle, wounding two local employees and underscoring the fragile security in the country. An American missile strike killed 7 suspected militants in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 10/28/10)

2010        Nov 1, In northwest Pakistan a US drone attack killed five people. 4 militants stormed a police complex in Swabi, killing two officers. Gunmen near Peshawar attacked tankers carrying fuel for NATO and US troops, wounding a driver and his assistant.
    (AP, 11/1/10)

2010        Nov 3, In Pakistan a US drone attack targeted Islamist fighters in North Waziristan, killing four militants and blowing their vehicle into a fireball. In neighboring South Waziristan, a Pakistan army soldier was killed and two others wounded when a roadside bomb exploded near their vehicle.
    (AFP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 4, In a new audio message Ayman al-Zawahri, al-Qaida's No. 2, vowed revenge for the imprisonment of Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani female scientist convicted of trying to kill US interrogators in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 5, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a mosque frequented by anti-Taliban tribal elders during afternoon prayers, killing at least 65 people in Peshawar. A second bombing later in the day wounded several people at another mosque in the Badhber area on the outskirts of Peshawar.
    (AP, 11/5/10)(SFC, 11/6/10, p.A2)
2010        Nov 5, In Pakistan a private plane chartered by an Italy-based oil company crashed near the airport in Karachi after the pilot warned of engine trouble. All 21 people on board, including an Italian, were killed.
    (AP, 11/5/10)

2010        Nov 7, In Pakistan a pair of US drone attacks in North Waziristan killed 14 suspected militants.
    (AFP, 11/7/10)(SFC, 11/8/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 8, In Pakistan a local court in Nankana district, Punjab province, sentenced to death Asia Bibi (45), a farmworker and Christian mother of five, for blasphemy. In 2014 the Lahore High Court of appeals upheld the death sentence.
    (AFP, 11/11/10)(SFC, 10/17/14, p.A3)

2010        Nov 10, Pakistan increased income tax on the relatively well off to raise hundreds of millions of dollars for the victims of the country's devastating floods.
    (AFP, 11/10/10)

2010        Nov 11, In Pakistan a massive explosion ripped through a security compound on a busy commercial street in Karachi, killing at least 20 people and injuring more than 100.
    (Reuters, 11/11/10)(SFC, 11/12/10, p.A4)

2010        Nov 13, In Pakistan a suspected US missile strike hit a Taliban stronghold in North Waziristan, killing five alleged militants as they traveled in a vehicle. At least three of the dead were believed to be foreigners. Thousands of people protesting the killing of a tribal elder by unknown gunmen in Chaman district of southwest Pakistan attacked a NATO supply convoy, setting four oil tankers on fire. Security forces killed six militants in clashes in the Swat Valley after militants attacked a security checkpoint near Shakar Dara.
    (AP, 11/13/10)(AP, 11/14/10)
2010        Nov 13, Afghan diplomat Abdul Khaliq Farahi was freed in eastern Afghanistan in a joint effort by officials from Afghanistan and Pakistan and returned to Kabul. He was seized by gunmen on Sep 22, 2008, in the Pakistani city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 14, In Pakistan a suicide bomber apparently targeting a militant commander from a rival faction attacked a vegetable market on the Afghan border, wounding 9 people.
    (AP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 15, In northwest Pakistan a bomb exploded near the house of a slain anti-Taliban tribal elder Abdul Malik, killing two people and wounding three others. His son, Noor Malik, was getting in his car to leave the residence when the attack occurred, but he was not hurt.
    (AP, 11/15/10)

2010        Nov 16, In Pakistan suspected American missiles slammed into a home and a speeding vehicle near the Afghan border, killing 20 alleged militants.
    (AP, 11/16/10)

2010        Nov 19, In Pakistan suspected US missiles destroyed a moving vehicle in North Waziristan, killing four alleged militants inside it.
    (AP, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 21, In Pakistan 4 suspected US missiles slammed into a house in North Waziristan, killing six people. The dead included 3 militants and 3 local tribesmen harboring them.
    (AP, 11/21/10)

2010        Nov 22, In Pakistan US missiles killed five militants in North Waziristan.
    (AFP, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 23, In northwestern Pakistan the concrete cover of a sewage tank collapsed during a funeral, causing 14 people in Jhor village to plunge to their death.
    (AP, 11/23/10)

2010        Nov 24, In northwestern Pakistan one soldier was killed and another wounded when a roadside bomb exploded during a foot patrol in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 25, In Pakistan a paramilitary soldier was killed and six others wounded, two of them critically, in a bomb attack on the outskirts of Hangu in the northwest. Pakistan said that most of the explosives used in bomb attacks on its territory were smuggled from Afghanistan but insisted it was limiting the cross-border movement of insurgents fighting US troops.
    (AFP, 11/25/10)

2010        Nov 26, Pakistan said security forces arrested two would-be suicide bombers in the capital Islamabad, adding that the thwarted attacks targeted parliament and a mosque in an upmarket neighborhood. Suspected US missiles fired by an unmanned plane hit a vehicle killing three alleged militants in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 11/26/10)

2010        Nov 27, Pakistan offered a reward for information about Taliban militants involved in planning or carrying out attacks, and promised to resettle informers in Pakistan or abroad. Hundreds of Sunni Muslims started a nearly 200-mile (320-km) high-risk trek across Pakistan in a protest against Taliban attacks on the country's religious sites.
    (Reuters, 11/27/10)(AP, 11/27/10)

2010        Nov 28, In Pakistan an American drone fired one of its missiles but missed a speeding vehicle. Its occupants quickly bailed out before a 2nd missile hit and destroyed the vehicle.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, In Pakistan a cargo plane carrying 8 people crashed in a residential area of Karachi setting buildings on fire killing all 8 crew and at least 3 people on the ground.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov 29, Pakistan's central bank raised its benchmark interest rate by 0.5% to 14%, warning for the second time in two months that rising inflation was impacting the economy.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 29, In Indian Kashmir 3 suspected militants and a policeman were killed in a gunbattle in a busy market in Srinagar, as panicked locals ran for cover. Police said one of the slain militants was identified as Abdul Rehman, alias Naveed of Lashkar, a Pakistani national active in the area for the last four years.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)

2010        Nov 30, Pakistani police arrested four Taliban militants who were planning "terror attacks" in the prosperous financial hub Karachi. Three suicide jackets, rifles, pistols and explosives were recovered in the raid. A suicide bomber blew himself up close to a police van in the northwest, killing six people and wounding 17 others.
    (AP, 11/30/10)

2010        Dec 3, Pakistani police said they have arrested five suspects linked to an attack on a spy agency building in Lahore last year which killed 24 people. Police said the suspects belonged to the previously unknown Al-Toheed-wa-al-Jihad faction which falls under the umbrella Pakistani militant group Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 6, In Pakistan twin suicide bombers in police uniform killed 43 people in Ghalanai, the main town in the tribal district of Mohmand, attacking an anti-Taliban militia and pro-government elders near the Afghan border. US drone missile strikes killed 7 people in the tribal region.
    (AP, 12/6/10)(AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 7, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a convoy carrying the top official in the restive Baluchistan province, wounding 9 people but leaving the chief minister unscathed.
    (AP, 12/7/10)

2010        Dec 8, In Pakistan a teenage suicide bomber killed 15 people at a busy market in Kohat, in the northwestern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This was the third attack in three days blamed on Islamist extremists bitterly opposed to the US-allied government. The Taliban kidnapped 7 teachers and the watchman of a government school travelling near Orakzai. 5 teachers were recovered in a shootout that left one policeman dead.
    (AFP, 12/8/10)(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 8, In Russia drug control agencies from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and Tajikistan agreed to step up cooperation to stop the flow of drugs through Afghan borders.
    (AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 10, In Pakistan a suicide attacker drove a vehicle packed with explosives into a hospital for Shiite Muslims that was under construction in the northwest, killing at least 10 people. A missile fired from a US drone destroyed a vehicle in the Mir Ali town of North Waziristan, killing at least four suspected militants.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Leading Pakistani newspapers acknowledged they were hoaxed after publishing reports based on fake WikiLeaks cables that contain crude anti-Indian propaganda.
    (AP, 12/11/10)

2010        Dec 11, In northwest Pakistan gunmen on motorcycles shot dead two police officers in Hayatabad, while security forces killed four militants in fighting elsewhere in the region.
    (AP, 12/11/10)(SSFC, 12/12/10, p.A10)
2010        Dec 11, Turkmenistan signed broad agreements with Afghanistan, India and Pakistan at a summit in its capital Ashgabat on the 1,700-km (1,050-mile) TAPI pipeline. Afghanistan the next day said it will deploy up to 7,000 troops to secure the major transnational gas pipeline, slated to run through some of the most dangerous parts of the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 12/12/10)

2010        Dec 13, In Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded near a school bus in Peshawar, killing the driver and wounding at least two children. Human Rights Watch (HRW) said at least 22 Pakistani teachers and other education professionals were killed by suspected militants between January 2008 and October 2010 in the southwestern province of Baluchistan. The provincial government in Baluchistan said the situation was beginning to improve and that fewer teachers were asking to transfer.
    (AP, 12/13/10)

2010        Dec 16, In Pakistan 16 people were wounded, two critically, when an assailant threw an explosive device at Shiite Ashoura procession. A US missile strike killed 7 militants in the Spin Drand area of Khyber close to the Afghan border.
    (AP, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 17, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao made a rare visit to Pakistan aimed at expanding trade ties and the flow of Chinese investment into the country.
    (AP, 12/17/10)
2010        Dec 17, In Pakistan 3 American missile attacks killed 54 people in the villages of Spin Drag and Shandana in the Tirah Valley of the Khyber region, an area that has seen few such strikes in the past, possibly signaling an expansion of the CIA-led covert war inside the country.
    (AP, 12/17/10)

2010        Dec 18, Pakistan's top spy agency denied that it helped unmask the CIA's station chief in Islamabad, dismissing speculation it was retaliating for a US lawsuit linking the Pakistani intelligence chief to the 2008 attacks in Mumbai, India. The station chief in Islamabad has operated as a virtual military commander in the US war against al-Qaida and other militant groups hidden along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. His recall was made public a day earlier.
    (AP, 12/18/10)
2010        Dec 18, Pakistan and China concluded nearly 15 billion dollars' worth of deals, as visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said Beijing would "never give up" on the troubled nuclear-armed Muslim country.
    (AFP, 12/18/10)

2010        Dec 20, In Pakistan militants fired rockets at a NATO convoy carrying supplies to Afghanistan, destroying two oil tankers and wounding two people in the Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 12/20/10)

2010        Dec 22, A small Pakistani army training plane crashed into mountains in the country's southwest. The pilot and co-pilot died in the crash.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 24, In northwestern Pakistan Taliban insurgents launched coordinated attacks on five paramilitary checkpoints, leaving at least 11 soldiers and 24 militants dead. A bomb fitted with a timer exploded in a private boys' primary school in Peshawar's Pelosi neighborhood, wounding four children. The US embassy in Islamabad said Washington transferred more than 600 million dollars to the Pakistani government this week to pay for its efforts in the fight against violent extremists.
    (AFP, 12/24/10)
2010        Dec 24, The leaders of Afghanistan and Pakistan met in Istanbul for a new round of talks aimed at building trust between the two neighbors. Turkeyís Pres. Gul said a railroad between Turkey and Pakistan should be extended to Afghanistan and flights between the three countries should be expanded for better cooperation.
    (AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Dec 25, In Pakistan a burqa-clad, female, suicide bomber attacked a crowd of people as hundreds from the Salarzai tribe headed toward a food distribution center in the Bajaur region on the Afghan border. 45 people were killed. The Salarzais are a major regional anti-Taliban tribe, which has been backing army operations against the militants. The bombing forced the World Food Program to shut down operations in the Bajur region.
    (AP, 12/25/10)(Reuters, 12/26/10)(SFC, 12/27/10, p.A3)

2010        Dec 27, In Pakistan intelligence officials and tribal elders say the Pakistani Taliban have kidnapped 23 tribesmen who recently met the army chief in South Waziristan. Suspected US missiles struck two vehicles in a Taliban stronghold on Pakistan's side of the border with Afghanistan, killing 18 militants, including four foreigners.
    (AP, 12/27/10)(SFC, 12/28/10, p.A3)(AP, 2/25/12)

2010        Dec 28, In Pakistan a barrage of US missiles killed at least 15 militants in the North Waziristan tribal district, obliterating compounds and vehicles used by Islamist fighters.
    (AFP, 12/28/10)

2010        Dec 29, Pakistan's US-allied ruling party scrambled to keep its fragile coalition government in power as its senior leaders met with two dissident political partners, urging them to rejoin the Cabinet.
    (AP, 12/29/10)

2010        Dec 31, In Pakistan violence flared as police and protesters clashed during a mass protest strike that closed businesses across the country over a bid to end the death penalty for blasphemy. A US missile strike killed 8 suspected militants in North Waziristan. A bomb blew up outside a district police headquarters in the town of Lakki Marwat in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, killing a bystander and wounding two other people. A second bomb targeting a NATO supply convoy in the border town of Chaman set one fuel tanker on fire and wounded a passer-by. The Pakistani Taliban released 23 tribesmen it had kidnapped and held captive for three weeks. They were released after being tried by a Taliban court and being submerged in cold water as punishment.
    (AFP, 12/31/10)(AP, 12/31/10)

2010        Imtiaz Gul authored ďThe Most Dangerous Place: Pakistan's Lawless Frontier," a book about Pakistanís tribal areas.
    (Econ, 7/31/10, p.28)
2010        Bob Woodward authored ďObamaís Wars." In it he alleged that some 3,000 CIA operatives are active in the tribal regions of Pakistan.
    (Econ, 9/25/10, p.44)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.58)
2010        In Pakistan some 21 million people were affected by flooding this year that killed 1,750 people and cost the economy $10 billion.
    (AP, 9/12/11)
2010        The population of Pakistan was about 180 million.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.36)

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