Timeline Pakistan A thru 2005

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Atlapedia: http://www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/pakistan.htm

The capital is Islamabad. Pakistan is divided into four provinces, two centrally administered areas, one territory, and one capital territory. The population in 2003 was 77% Sunni and 20% Shiite.
    (Econ, 11/29/03, p.40)(SFC, 3/21/05, p.A8)(www.statoids.com/upk.html)

50Mil BC    The Tethys Sea southern edge was the habitat of Pakicetus inachus, a small, land mammal (whale ancestor, pakicetids) that walked on four legs and ate fish from the shallows of the Tethys. This area is presently a rocky, mountainous desert in Northern Pakistan. Pakicetus had ears apparently adapted for underwater use.
    (LSA., p. 36)(PacDis, Winter/’96, p.15)(SFC, 9/28/01, p.D5)

49Mil BC    The Ambulocetus natans, a walking and swimming whale, inhabited the warm seas which covered eastern Pakistan. In 1996 fossils of the creature, about the size of a modern sea lion, were found by paleontologist Hans Thewissen.
    (SFC, 5/12/09, p.A8)

47.5Mil BC    Fossils of whales dating to this time were found in Pakistan in 2000 and 2004. The fossil of a pregnant female indicated that these whales gave birth on land.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.9)

7000-5,500BC    In 2006 researchers found evidence of drilled teeth in a Pakistani graveyard.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.A14)

3200-1600BC    The Indus Valley civilization grew up along the banks of the Indus River in what later became Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Dara showed the development of multi-level houses and city-wide plumbing. A natural disaster that altered the course of the Indus River appears to have brought about the collapse of this civilization. The Harappan (Indus) civilization slowly disintegrated by about 1000 BC. It extended over more than 386,000 square miles (1 million square km) across the plains of the Indus River from the Arabian Sea to the Ganges. In 2012 researchers said Harappans faced climate change and apparently fled along an escape route to the east toward the Ganges basin, where monsoon rains remained reliable.
    (http://eawc.evansville.edu)(Reuters, 3/15/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harappa)

3000BC    Small village communities developed in the Potohar Plateau area (later part of north-eastern Pakistan), which led to the early roots of civilization. Some of the earliest Stone Age artifacts in the world have been found on the plateau, dating from 500,000 to 100,000 years. The crude stone recovered from the terraces of the Soan carry the account of human grind and endeavors in this part of the world from the inter-glacial period.

3000-1500BC    The city of Harappa flourished as part of the Indus Valley civilization in Pakistan.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.A)

2600-1900BC    The Indus Valley Civilization flourished with Harappa as one of its great cities. Undeciphered Indus Valley script on inscribed seals and molded tablets have been found there.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

2500-1500BC    Mohenjo-daro in southern Pakistan was an early urban center. As many as 40,000 people lived there
    (AM, May/Jun 97 p.74)(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.D)

2300-2000BC    There was cultural exchange between the Indus Valley civilization and Mesopotamia. The Indus Valley, or Harrapan, civilization was discovered in 1920-21 when engraved seals were discovered near present-day Sahiwal in Pakistani Punjab at a place called Harappa.
    (EAWC, p.2)(http://inic.utexas.edu/asnic/subject/peoplesandlanguages.html)

c1000BC    Some of the monuments at the Uch Monument Complex in the Punjab date to this time.
    (SFEC, 8/28/98, p.T4)

c500BC    The Charsadda site (aka Bala Hisar) in northern Pakistan was initially occupied during the Achaemenid period.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

c500BC    The city of Hund in northern Pakistan was founded about this time on the banks of the Indus River.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

400-300BC    Indo-Greek fortifications mark the Bir-Kot Shwandai site in northern Pakistan.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

326BC        The Charsadda site (aka Bala Hisar) in northern Pakistan was besieged by Alexander. It then passed from Mauryan to Indo-Greek, Parthian, Sassanian, and Kushan rule. The pagan Kalash of Pakistan later claimed to be descendants of Alexander’s soldiers.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)(WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A17)

100-1300AD    The Bir-Kot Shwandai site in northern Pakistan marks an urban settlement.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

1274        Lal Shahbaz Qalandar (b.1177), born as Seyyed Shah Hussain Marandi in Marand (near the city of Tabriz) in Azerbaijan (then part of Iran), died in Sindh (later part of Pakistan). He had migrated to Sindh and settled in Sehwan and was buried there. He is also known as Shaikh Hussain Marandi. He was a Shia Sufi in the regions that lie in the Sindh province of Pakistan.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahbaz_Qalander)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.73)

1519        Nanak (1469-1538), born near Lahore, Pakistan, founded Sikhism, a combination of Hinduism and Buddhism.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.11)

1556-1605    Akbar the Great during his reign built a walled Mughal fort at Hund, that now encloses a modern village.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

1566        Akbar began the construction of the Lahore Fort in northern Pakistan.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

1627-1637    Jahangir’s mausoleum on the right bank of the Navi River in Lahore was built by his son Shah Jahan.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.C)

1800-1900    Feudal families came to power when the British made weak vassals into a hereditary land-owning elite loyal to London.
    (WSJ, 8/7/98, p.A1)

1831        Sayyid Ahmad of Rai Bareilly (b.1786), Islamic warrior, died in a battle against the Sikhs. Sayeed Ahmad Shaheed was slain in Balakot (later part of Pakistan) while failing to repel Sikh invaders.
    (WSJ, 4/4/08, p.W5)(www.turntoislam.com/forum/showthread.php?t=11151)(AP, 4/6/06)

1843        Charles Napier, the British conqueror of Sindh province (later part of Pakistan), marveled at the extent of the Bhutto holdings there.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.82)

1847        The town of Jacobabad in Sindh (later part of Pakistan) was founded by British Gen. John Jacob.
    (Econ, 11/9/13, p.63)

1849        Britain annexed the Punjab, the vast territories of what later became known as eastern Pakistan and northern western India. This put them on the edge of the tribal territories, mostly claimed by Afghanistan, and forced them to launch military campaigns almost every year for the next half century to keep the tribes at bay.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.18)

1859        The British took Baluchistan, and Afghanistan became completely landlocked.

1861        In India the Murree Brewery Co. Ltd. was founded by British colonialists. It became a listed company in 1902. In 1947 it came under the control of Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A8)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.58)

1871        Jan 1, Sir Henry Durand (b.1812), British lord of the frontier between India and Afghanistan, died after an elephant he was riding reared and brained him on a stone archway in Tonk (later Tank, Pakistan).
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Marion_Durand)

1876        Dec 25, Mohammed Ali Jinnah (d.1948), founder of Pakistan (1947), gov. (1947-58), was born in Karachi.
    (SFC, 7/30/03, p.A11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Ali_Jinnah)

1894        Mullah Powindah, an Afghan-backed Mehsud, led an attack on a British team demarcating the frontier between India and Afghanistan. Powindah took the title Badshah-Taliban (King of the Taliban) and became a 2-decade-long headache for the British.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.19)

1920-1921    The Indus Valley, or Harrapan, civilization was discovered when engraved seals were discovered near present-day Sahiwal in Pakistani Punjab at a place called Harappa.
    (EAWC, p.2)(http://inic.utexas.edu/asnic/subject/peoplesandlanguages.html)

1933        Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a student at Cambridge, coined the name Pakistan 14 years before the country came into existence. It was an acronym derived from the regions Punjab, Afghan province (later Khyber Pakhtunkkhwa), Kashmir, Sindh and the final letters of Balochistan. The name is also said to be product of two words in Urdu and Persian: stan and pak, which together mean “land of the pure."
    (SSFC, 12/17/06, p.G5)(Econ, 4/22/17, p.74)

1935        May 31, In Quetta, India (later Pakistan), a magnitude 7.5 earthquake killed some 50,000 people. The earthquake flattened Quetta, killing an estimated 26,000 people in the city alone, more than half its population.
    (AP, 12/27/03)(AP, 10/15/05)

1936-1947    Mirza Ali Khan (d.1960), a Wazir of North Waziristan known as the Faqir of Ipi, led a freedom struggle that at one point sucked in some 40,000 British Indian troops. The struggle was only quelled by brutal aerial bombing.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.19)

1943        Bangladesh, while still part of Pakistan, experienced a famine.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.23)

1945        Nov, A tsunami struck the coast near Karachi washing away 4,000 people.
    (Econ 7/22/17, SR p.10)

1947        Jun 3, In Britain an announcement was made in the House of Commons that India was to be partitioned and that independence would follow. In 2007 Yasmin Khan authored “The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan." In 2015 Nisid Hajari authored “Midnight’s Furies: The Deadly Legacy of India’s Partition."
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.81)(Econ, 7/4/15, p.70)

1947        Jun 15, The All-Indian Congress accepted a British plan for the partition of India. Britain partitioned the subcontinent.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(HN, 6/15/98)

1947         Aug 14, Pakistan was founded as an independent country. The Muslim areas in the east and west became independent Pakistan with Mohammed Ali Jinnah as president. Independence in Pakistan and India led to bloody conflicts and thousands died.
    (WSJ, 1/9/95, A-8)(TMC, 1994, p.1947)(WSJ, 12/21/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)

1947        Oct 27,  Indian troops entered Kashmir. The Hindu maharajah of Muslim-majority Kashmir joined India. The accession, not recognized by Pakistan, led to a war.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)(AP, 10/27/18)

1947        The 664 princely states of India were given the choice of which country they wanted to join. Although most of the people of Kashmir were Muslim, the maharaja was Hindu and he appealed to India for help.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.C2)
1947        Mohajirs are Muslims who migrated from India after the subcontinent was partitioned. They were politically dominant in the southern province of Sindh.
    (SFC, 2/12/98, p.C3)(WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A13)
1947        At the time of India’s partition and the creation of Pakistan, many Muslim Biharis moved to what was then East Bengal. In 1971, when war broke out between West Pakistan and East Pakistan (or Bangladesh), the Biharis, who mostly considered themselves Pakistani, sided with West Pakistan.
1947        The initial Pakistani army numbered about 50,000 and established its headquarters in Rawalpindi. By 1999 the force numbered 500,000.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A25)
1947        Britain withdrew from India. Pakistan was carved out of Indian and Afghan lands.
1947        A Pushtun force of Wazirs and Mehsuds poured into Kashmir for the newly formed Islamic republic of Pakistan, sparking the first Indo-Pakistan war.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.17)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.48)

1948        May, India and Pakistan went to war over the Himalayan region of Kashmir, which was divided between the two nations at partition. The Pakistani third was known as Jammu and Kashmir, while India controlled the eastern two-thirds where 8 million people lived.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 5/22/98, p.A15)

1948        Sep 11, Mohammed Ali Jinnah (b.1876, 1st governor of Pakistan (1947-48), died.

1948        Govindas Vishnoodas Desani (1909-2000), Kenya-born Pakistani writer in England, authored “All About Hatterr," his novel of an absurdist and mystical odyssey in India. In 1968 he was invited to teach at the Univ. of Texas and spent 11 years there.
    (SSFC, 12/2/07, p.M1)
1948        Pakistan established its Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) to protect the country against foreign and domestic security threats.
    (WSJ, 12/31/08, p.A6)
1948        Pakistan’s first budget devoted 75% to military spending.
    (Econ 7/22/17, SR p.5)
1948        The Nizam of Hyderabad, India’s biggest and richest princely state, sent envoys to London with a purse or £1 million to give to Pakistan, which had been shipping him arms. By the time the money was deposited an Indian invasion forced him to switch sides and the money has languished in London ever since.
    (Econ, 8/19/17, p.33)

1949        Jan 1, The UN brokered a cease-fire in Kashmir. It granted Kashmir the right to vote on whether to remain in India or to join Pakistan. No vote took place.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1951        Oct 16, Pakistan’s PM Liaquat Ali Khan (b.1896), son of a Punjabi prince, was assassinated in Rawalpindi, ushering in a period of political instability.
    (WSJ, 1/28/08, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liaquat_Ali_Khan)

1953        Mar 3, Canadian Comet crashed at Karachi, 11 killed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1953        Jun 21, Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan, was born. She was elected in 1988 after the military regime had agreed to free elections following the death of President Zhia.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(Camelot, 6/21/99)

1953        Aug 10, American mountain climber Art Gilkey (b.1926) was swept away by an avalanche on Pakistan’s K2. In 1993 his remains were brought down by mountaineer Roger Payne (1956-2012).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_American_Karakoram_Expedition)(Econ, 7/21/12, p.82)

1953        Nov 2, Pakistan became an Islamic republic.
    (MC, 11/2/01)

1953        The first attempt to scale K2, the world’s 2nd tallest mountain, was made by 7 Americans led by Charles Houston and Robert Bates. The mountain straddled China and Pakistan. In 1954 they authored “K2: The Savage Mountain.
    (WSJ, 4/28/07, p.P8)
1953        In Pakistan Nanga Parbat, an 8,126-meter (26,660-foot) peak in the Himalayas, was scaled for the first time. It was nicknamed Killer Mountain" because thirty climbers had died trying to scale it prior to this.
    (AP, 7/1/17)

1954        Apr, In Pakistan the government issued the Munir Report, an eloquent expression of the state’s position on religion. This was made in response to Muslim leaders in the Punjab who  agitated in 1953 to have a rival group declassified as Muslims.
    (WSJ, 4/4/08, p.W5)(http://aaiil.info/misconceptions/fatwas/munir.htm)

1954        Jul 31, Italians Lino Lacedelli (1925-2009) and Achille Compagnoni (1915-2009) first scaled Pakistan’s K-2, the world's second-highest mountain. In 2004 Lacedelli authored “K2: The Price of Conquest."
    (AP, 7/27/04)(SSFC, 11/29/09, p.C8)

1954        Sep 8, SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), a sister organization to NATO, was created under the Manila Pact by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, to stop communist spread in Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos). The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand signed the mutual defense treaty. SEATO dissolved in 1977.
    (HNQ, 4/2/01)(http://tinyurl.com/hpawj)

1955        Iraq joined with Britain, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan in the Baghdad Pact, a loose alliance intended to check soviet influence in the region. The Baghdad Pact was formed at the prompting of the U.S. in an effort to block Soviet pressures on the northern tier of Middle Eastern states. The U.S. provided military and economic aid to the pact members.
    (HNQ, 7/28/98)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A10)

1956        Mar 23, Pakistan became an independent republic within the British Commonwealth, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan became the first Islamic republic.
    (HFA, '96, p.26)(AHD, p.943)(AP, 3/23/97)(Econ 7/22/17, SR p.6)

1956        May 12, East Pakistan was struck by a cyclone and tidal waves.
    (SC, internet, 5/12/97)

1956        Khushwant Singh (1915-2014), Indian lawyer and journalist, authored "Train to Pakistan," a short, powerful novel about the horrors of partition, when colonial India was carved into modern India and Pakistan and about 1 million people died amid the chaos. It became a classic.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(Econ, 4/5/14, p.82)

1957        Sep 29, In Montgomery, West Pakistan (later renamed to Sahiwal, Pakistan), an express train collided with stationary oil train and 250 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1958        Oct 7, In Pakistan President Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution and declared Martial Law in the country. Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan was named chief martial law administrator.

1958        Oct 27, In Pakistan Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan carried out the country’s first military coup. He announced that "our ultimate aim is to restore democracy but of the type that people can understand." Corruption had become so widespread within the national and civic systems of administration that Ayub Khan was welcomed as a national hero by the people. This launched more than a decade of military rule.
    (www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A065)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A22)

1959        The process of “investor-state dispute settlement" (ISDS) first appeared in a bilateral trade agreement between Germany and Pakistan.
    (Econ, 10/11/14, p.78)

1960        Jun 11, In Pakistan a house packed with wedding celebrants collapsed killing 30.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1960        Sep 19, India and Pakistan signed the Indus Waters Treaty.
    (Econ, 5/22/10, SR p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Waters_Treaty)

1960        Oct 11, A hurricane ravaged East Pakistan  and some 6,000 died.
    (MC, 10/11/01)

1960        Islamabad was designed as a forward capital of Pakistan to replace Karachi. Islamabad and the ancient Gakhar city of Rawalpindi stand side by side, displaying the country’s past and present.

1963        Mar, Pakistan and China signed a historic border agreement. Three years later, the two countries agreed to construct a road that would provide a hitherto non-existent road-link for mutual benefit. In 1978 the Karakoram Highway from Kashgar, China, to the edge of Rawalpindi, Pakistan, was completed.

1963        May 20-1963 May 23, In East Pakistan a cyclone killed about 22,000 along coast of the Bay of Bengal.

1963        Islamabad replaced Karachi as the capital of Pakistan.

1965        Apr 5, The second Indo-Pakistani conflict began when fighting broke out in the Rann of Kachchh, a sparsely inhabited region along the West Pakistan-India border.
     (Encyclopaedia.com, 2002)

1965        Apr 9, India and Pakistan engaged in a border fight.
    (MC, 4/9/02)

1965        May 25, India and Pakistan engaged in border fights.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1965        Aug 6, Indian troops invaded Pakistan. Indo-Pakistani fighting spread to Kashmir and to the Punjab, The 2nd Indo-Pakistani conflict started without a formal declaration of war. Skirmishes with Indian forces started as early as August 6 or 7.
    (http://ph.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858805.html)(MC, 8/6/02)

1965        Aug 14, The first major engagement between the regular armed forces of India and Pakistan took place. The next day, Indian forces scored a major victory after a prolonged artillery barrage and captured three important mountain positions in the northern sector. Later in the month, the Pakistanis counterattacked, moving concentrations near Tithwal, Uri, and Punch. Their move, in turn, provoked a powerful Indian thrust into Azad Kashmir. Other Indian forces captured a number of strategic mountain positions and eventually took the key Haji Pir Pass, eight kilometers inside Pakistani territory.
    (Encyclopaedia.com, 2002)(http://ph.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858805.html)

1965        Sep 1-19, Indian gains led to a major Pakistani counterattack in the southern sector, in Punjab, where Indian forces were caught unprepared and suffered heavy losses. The sheer strength of the Pakistani thrust, which was spearheaded by seventy tanks and two infantry brigades, led Indian commanders to call in air support. Pakistan retaliated on September 2 with its own air strikes in both Kashmir and Punjab.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(HN, 9/6/98)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)(MC, 9/1/02)(Encyclopaedia.com, 2002)

1965        Sep 20, The India-Pakistani war was at the point of stalemate when the UN Security Council unanimously passed a resolution that called for a cease-fire. New Delhi accepted the cease-fire resolution on September 21 and Islamabad on September 22, and the war ended on September 23. The Indian side lost 3,000 while the Pakistani side suffered 3,800 battlefield deaths.

1965        Sep 22, Pakistan agreed to the UN brokered cease-fire that India affirmed the day before. [see Jan 10, 1966]
    (HNQ, 4/26/99)

1965        Dec 15, In Karachi, Pakistan, a cyclone killed some 10,000 people.

1966        Jan 10, The Tashkent Agreement, was signed in the Soviet city of Tashkent, and officially ended a 17-day war between Pakistan and India. It required that both sides withdraw by February 26, 1966, to positions held prior to August 5, 1965, and observe the cease-fire line agreed to on June 30, 1965. The agreement was brokered by Soviet premier Aleksey Kosygin and signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistan President Ayub Khan. The Indian prime minister died the day after signing the agreement.
    (HNQ, 4/26/99)(www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/c1900s/yr65/fkashmir1965)

1967        The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) was formed under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, Survey p.7)

1967        Pakistan’s 7-year, $518 million Mangla Dam project on the River Jhelum was completed. Richard Byers (d.2004) served as chief project engineer for the Guy F. Atkinson Co.
    (www.waterinfo.net.pk/pdf/md.pdf)(SFC, 12/22/04, p.B4)

1968        Sep 5, Hijackers killed 21 people aboard a Pan Am jet in Karachi Pakistan.
    (MC, 9/5/01)

1968        Baba Hassan Din, English convert to Sufism, died in Lahore, Pakistan. In the 1950’s he had adopted a boy named Hafiz Iqbal, and raised him to be a scholar. Both were later recognized as Sufi saints.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.73)

1969        Apr 14, Tornado struck Dacca in East Pakistan killing 540.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1969-1971    Gen. Yahya Khan led Pakistan’s military regime. “US Pres. Richard Nixon was fond of Gen. Yahya Khan, a gruff, dim-witted, whiskey drinking general."
    (WSJ, 7/28/05, p.D8)(Econ, 9/21/13, p.90)   

1970        Jun 28-1970 Jun 29, Reinhold and Gunther Messner of Tyrol, Italy, reached the 26,650-foot peak of Nanga Parbat in northern Pakistan. Gunther (24) died during the descent. In 2005 Reinhold retrieved his brother’s remains.
    (WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/5/05, p.A2)

1970        Dec 7, In Pakistan polling began for 300 seats in the National Assembly. The Awami League, led by Sheik Mujibur Rahman, emerged as the single largest party in the National Assembly by winning 160 seats. It was also able to win 288 out of 300 seats in the East Pakistan Assembly. However, the party failed to win even a single seat in the four Provincial Assemblies of West Pakistan. The Pakistan People’s Party, led by landlord Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, won a majority in West Pakistan. Mr. Bhutto and military leader, Gen. Yahya Khan, refused to honor the results.
    (www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A140&Pg=2)(Econ, 9/21/13, p.90)

1970        Chester Bowles (1901-1986), former governor of Connecticut and US ambassador to India and Nepal (1951-1953), wrote a piece in the NY Times titled “Will We Ever Learn in Asia." Here he outlined America’s alliance with Pakistan and prophesied that contradictions underlying the alliance would harm vital American interests.
    (SSFC, 1/6/08, p.E1)

1970s    In the late 1970s Gen. Zia al-Huq enacted the Hudood Ordinances based on strict Islamic principles, which criminalized extramarital intimacy and left the burden of proof on rape victims.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A10)

1971        Mar 21, Sheik Mujibur Rahman (Mujeeb-ur Rehman), head of the Awami League, declared East Pakistan (later Bangladesh) independent of Pakistan. Pakistani Pres. Yahya Khan ordered the army in; several million East Bengali refugees fled to India. Rahman was the father of later PM Hasina Wajid.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Pakistan)(WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B3)

1971        Mar 25, Sheik Mujibur Rahman was arrested in Dhaka. Pakistani forces started Operation Searchlight, a systematic plan to eliminate any resistance. Thousands of people were killed in student dormitories and police barracks in Dhaka.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pakistani_War_of_1971)

1971        Mar 26, East Pakistan proclaimed its independence, taking the name Bangladesh. [See Mar 21] This is considered the official Independence day of Bangladesh.
    (AP, 3/26/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh_Liberation_War)

1971        Mar 27, PM of India, Indira Gandhi, expressed full support of her government to the Bangladeshi struggle for independence. The Bangladesh-India border was opened to allow the Bangladeshi Refugees safe shelter in India.

1971        Aug 20, Pakistani pilot Rashid Minhas (b.1951) foiled attempts by his instructor to defect with an air force plane to archrival India. To stop the escape, Minhas disabled the controls of the plane the two were flying, and died in the resulting crash.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rashid_Minhas)

1971        Dec 3, The 3rd Indo-Pakistani war began when India intervened in the Pakistani civil war. Pakistan attacked Indian airfields and India mobilized its army after nearly 10 million refugees poured into India. The India-Pakistani civil war ended with independence for East Pakistan, now Bangladesh.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(SFC, 6/12/99, p.A12)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)

1971        Dec 6, India recognized the Democratic Republic of Bangladesh and Pakistan broke off diplomatic relations. Bangladesh later accused Pakistan of war atrocities that led to the death of some 3 million people during the 9-month war.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B3)
1971        Dec 6, Bangladesh became independent from Pakistan following a 9-month war in a struggle led by Sheik Mujibar Rahman. Sheik Rahman was nominated as president on Dec 20 and released from prison on Dec 22; he returned to Bangladesh Jan 10.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-10)

1971        Dec 16, Pakistani forces in East Pakistan surrendered to the allied forces of India and Bangladesh, jointly known as the Mitro Bahini. Bangladesh gained independence. Bangladesh later accused Pakistan of war atrocities that led to the death of some 3 million people during the 9-month war.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pakistani_War_of_1971)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B3)

1971        Dec 17, A cease fire began between India and Pakistan in East Pakistan.

1971        Dec 20, In Pakistan Ali Zulfikar Bhutto (1928-1979), a Sindhi landlord, took over as President and Chief Martial Law Administrator. He implemented a policy of quotas that promoted the Sindhi language and favored rural Sindhis over Urdu-speaking Muhajirs in university admissions and public sector jobs. This led to a student movement, led by Altaf Hussein and Farooq Sattar, that later became the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM).
    (www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P019&Pg=2)(Econ, 5/25/13, p.44)
1971        Dec 20, Sheik Mujibar Rahman was nominated as president of Bangladesh. He was released from prison in Pakistan on Dec 22 and returned to Bangladesh Jan 10.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-10)

1971        Pakistan’s Gen. Tikka Khan (1915-2002) led the crackdown against Bengali separatists. His tactics won him the name “Butcher of Bengal." From 1972-1976 he served as Chief of the Army Staff under PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tikka_Khan)
1971        The US under Pres. Nixon sent military planes and other material to Pakistan as East Pakistan fought for independence. Nixon, at the behest of national security advisor Henry Kisinger, also deployed a naval task force to the Bay of Bengal to intimidate India.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.90)
1971        Archer Blood, the senior US consul-general in Dhaka, sent regular, detailed and accurate reports of the bloodshed that was taking place in East Pakistan. In 2013 Gary Bass authored “The Blood Telegram: Nixon, MKissinger and the Forgotten Genocide."
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.90)
1971        Following Pakistan’s defeat by India and Bangladesh in the Bangladesh war, Pakistan decided to develop a nuclear weapons program.
    (SFC, 5/28/98, p.A9)
1971        Gholam Azom (aka Ghulam Azam b.1922)) led the Jamaat-e-Islami party. The party’s student wing organized a militia, called Al Badr, to support the West Pakistan army during the war for independence. As the former Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, Azom opposed the independence of Bangladesh during and after the 1971 war and led the formation of Shanti Committee, Razakar and Al-Badr to thwart the Mukti Bahini that fought for independence.
    {Pakistan, Bangladesh}
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.49)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghulam_Azam)

1972        Jul 2, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement that provided for a bilateral settlement of disputes and a "Line of Control" in Kashmir. Article 6 of the accord clearly states: "Both governments agree... to discuss further the modalities and arrangements for the establishment of durable peace and normalization of relations," including "a final settlement of the Jammu and Kashmir."
    {India, Pakistan, Kashmir}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimla_Agreement)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)

1972        Oct 29, Palestinian guerrillas killed an airport employee and hijacked a plane, carrying 27 passengers, to Cuba. They forced West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich Massacre.
    (HN, 10/29/98)

1972        A 675-page report on the 1971 Pakistani defeat by Indian forces was written by a commission under Justice Hamoodur Rahman and called the surrender of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan shameful. The report was not declassified until 2000.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B3)

1973        A constitution was written and gave parliament the authority to elect the president and prime minister. It was suspended by Gen. Musharraf in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A13)

1973        Kashmir Singh (b.1941) was arrested for espionage in the Pakistani city of Rawalpindi. His cover story was that he was a trader in electronic goods traveling on business. During his trial in the 1970s, Singh had repeatedly denied he was an agent for Indian military intelligence. Following his release in 2008 he admitted that he had been a spy.
    (AP, 3/8/08)

1973-1974    In Pakistan sporadic fighting between the Baluchi insurgency and the army started in 1973. The largest confrontation took place in September 1974 when around 15,000 Balochs fought the Pakistani Army and the Air Force.

1973-1979    Some 15,000 Balochi men, women and children were killed by the Pakistan army and the Frontier Corps.

1974        Jan 1, Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti (1927-2006), governor of Balochistan, Pakistan, resigned shortly after Bhutto launched an army operation in Balochistan. The army had deployed 100,000 men in Baluchistan and with the help of the Iranian air force killed large numbers of Baluchis.

1974        Feb 22, Pakistan officially recognized Bangladesh.

1974        Sep, In Pakistan the army put down a tribal rebellion in Baluchistan, reportedly leaving about 3,000 dead. Some 15,000 Balochs fought the Pakistani Army and the Air Force.
    (AP, 8/28/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baloch_Insurgency_and_Rahimuddin's_Stabilization)

1974        Nov 30, India and Pakistan in accordance with the Simla Agreement, signed a Protocol for Trade. This Protocol ended a 10-year trade ban and expired in 1978.

1974        Dec 28, The 6.0 Patan earthquake in Pakistan killed some 5,300 people.

1974        The Pakistan People’s Party under PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto passed a constitutional amendment to declare Ahmadis to be ‘non-Muslim’ through a constitutional amendment. Ahmedis are followers of Ghulam Ahmed (d.1908), an Indian religious leader.
    (http://ahmadiyyatimes.blogspot.com/2010/06/pakistan-since-second-amendment.html)(AP, 12/28/14)

1975        Pakistan’s PM Zulfikar Ali Bhuto created a political cell within the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) through an executive order. The cell monitors Pakistani politics and politicians.
    (WSJ, 12/31/08, p.A6)

1975        Pakistan’s atomic development program took off with the return of Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan (b.1935), a Belgian trained metallurgist. China was reported to have supplied highly enriched uranium and a nuclear bomb design. Khan was convicted in absentia by the Netherlands in 1983 for stealing confidential material, but the conviction was later overturned on a technicality. Khan retired in 2001.
    (SFC, 5/28/98, p.A9)(ST, 1/28/04, p.A9)

1975        The US Ford administration resumed limited military aid to Pakistan.
    (SSFC, 3/27/17, p.E2)

1976        Apr 1, Pakistan’s PM Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto appointed Zia-ul-Haq as Chief of Army Staff, ahead of a number of more senior officers.

1977        Mar 7, Ali Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party won elections.

1977        Jul 5, Pakistan's army under Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq seized power. The civilian government was ousted by the military and martial law was imposed.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.B3)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(www.ppp.org.pk/history.html)

1977        Oct, Pakistan’s Gen. Zia ul-Haq (1924-1988) announced the postponement of the electoral plan and decided to start an accountability process of the politicians.

1977        Pakistan’s Gen. Zia-ul-Haq said: "The survival of this country lies in democracy and democracy alone."
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A22)
1977        Pakistan banned alcohol.
    (Econ 7/22/17, SR p.6)

1978        Sep 6, James Wickwire of Seattle and Louis Reichardt of San Francisco became the first Americans to reach the summit of Pakistan's K-2, the world's second-highest mountain.
    (AP, 9/6/03)

1978        Dec 2, Pakistan’s General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq delivered a nationwide address on the occasion of the first day of the Hijra calendar. He did this in order to usher in an Islamic system.

1978        The Karakoram Highway from Kashgar, China, to the edge of Rawalpindi, Pakistan, was completed.
    (NH, 5/96, p.9)

1978        The Islamic law of hudood was enacted to ban “all forms of adultery, whether the offense is committed with or without the consent of the parties."
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A12)

1978-2008    India over this period exchanged 949 Pakistani fishermen in exchange for 2,304 Indian fishermen, which each side had apprehended for wandering into their respective waters in the disputed Sir Creek area. In early 2009 trade unions said India still held 357 Pakistani fishermen and that Pakistan held 48 Indian fishermen.
    (WSJ, 1/13/08, p.A10)

1979        Apr 4, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (51), the deposed prime minister of Pakistan, was hanged after he was convicted of conspiring to murder a political opponent.
    (AP, 4/4/99)(HN, 4/4/99)

1979        Apr 6, The US Carter administration cut off aid to Pakistan, because of that country’s covert construction of a uranium enrichment facility.
    (HNQ, 11/14/99)(SSFC, 3/27/17, p.E2)

1979        Nov 21, A mob attacked the US Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing two Americans.
    (AP, 11/21/99)

1979        Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, military dictator of Pakistan, began his Islamization program. It declared drinking a “heinous crime" punishable by public flogging and led many people to turn to drugs.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A16)
1979        Pakistan introduced the Hudood ordinances, which included a clause stating that to prove rape, a woman must have at least 4 male witnesses. If the woman fails to provide proof, she herself faces the charge of adultery.
    (SSFC, 7/9/06, p.A18)
1979        Refugee camps were established around Peshawar, Pakistan, for those fleeing Afghanistan following the Soviet invasion.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A19)
1979        Abdus Salam (1926-1990), Pakistan-born physicist, shared the Nobel Prize in physics with Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg for work on unifying the electromagnetic force and the weak nuclear force.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A28)(www.nobelprizes.com/nobel/physics/1979b.html)

1979-1988    Under the rule of Gen. Mohammed Zia al-Huq madrassas (religious schools) were established among the refugees to help repel the presumed threat of Communism.
    (WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A14)

1980        Jan 13, The United States offered Pakistan a two-year aid plan to counter the Soviet threat in Afghanistan.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1980        The Nazoo Anna School was founded in Peshawar, Pakistan, for girls from Afghan refugee camps by Nazaneen Jabarkhel Majeed. It was named after a female Afghan freedom fighter.
    (SFC, 7/16/99, p.A10)
1980        Pakistan made the payment of zakat, 2.5 percent religious tax, to the government mandatory for Sunni Muslims under the military dictator Gen. Zia-ul-Haq, one of a variety of actions he took in an attempt to make the state more religious.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
1980        Pakistan was established a national sharia court during the rule of military dictator Ziaul Haq as part of a sweeping Islamization of Pakistan's institutions.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)
1980        The Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) and the Criminal Procedure Code were amended, through ordinances in 1980, 1982 and 1986 to declare anything implying disrespect to Muhammad, Ahle Bait (family of the prophet), Sahaba (companions of the prophet) and Sha'ar-i-Islam (Islamic symbols), a cognizable offence.

1981        Mar 2, A Pakistan Airways Boeing 720 was hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists. The passengers and crew were released March 15 in Syria.

1981        In Pakistan Nawaz Sharif (31) was appointed by General Zia ul-Haq as the finance minister of Punjab state.
    (WSJ, 9/5/07, p.A4)
1981        Since this year the government of Pakistan has not taken a national census.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-1)
1981        Pres. Ronald Reagan negotiated a 5-year, $3.2 billion economic package and military aid package for Pakistan following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 3/27/17, p.E2)

1981-1988    Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and the US CIA carried out massive covert operations against Soviet forces in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 12/31/08, p.A6)

1982        Pakistan acquired several nuclear-capable missiles from China shortly after the US sold F-16 fighter planes to Taiwan.
    (SFC, 5/14/98, p.A16)

1982-1986    Benazir Bhutto lived in exile in England.
    (WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A18)

1983        Dec 30, A 7.2 earthquake killed 26 people in Afghanistan (14) and Pakistan (12).
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A10)

1983        In Pakistan the Mohajir Qami Movement was founded to represent the Mohajirs. In Karachi the Mohajirs comprised 60% of the population.
    (SFC, 2/12/98, p.C3)

1984        Apr, India sent troops to occupy the Siachen glacier following suspicious mountaineering expeditions from Pakistan. Over the next 15 years some 10,000 Indian and Pakistani casualties, largely due to frostbite and mountain sickness, resulted.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A25)

1984        A Pakistani law declared Ahmadis to be non-Muslims. Ahmadis consider themselves Muslim but believe in a prophet after Mohammed and many Pakistanis consider them heretics.
    (Reuters, 7/28/14)

1985        Feb, In Pakistan Mohammed Khan was elected prime minister in the first elections since imposition of martial law in 1977. Benazir Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party boycotted the elections.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1985        In Pakistan Nawaz Sharif (31) became chief minister of Punjab state during a period of martial law.
    (WSJ, 9/5/07, p.A4)
1985        The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was founded in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with the aim of promoting economic cooperation and alleviating poverty in South Asia. Members included Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
1985        India built up its nuclear capabilities and refused Pakistan’s offers of mutual inspections and nonproliferation pledges.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)
1985        The US Congress approved the Pressler Amendment to condition continued aid to Pakistan on certification that it does not possess a nuclear device.
    (SSFC, 3/27/17, p.E2)

1986        Jan, The first PC virus, called Brain, was discovered in the wild. Though it achieved fame because it was the first of its type, the virus was not widespread as it could only travel by hitching a ride on floppy disks swapped between users. The first virus to hit computers running a Microsoft Corp.'s operating system (DOS) came when two brothers in Pakistan wrote a boot sector program now dubbed "Brain," purportedly to punish people who spread pirated software.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4630910.stm)(AP, 9/1/07)

1986        Mar, Pakistan acquired weapons-grade uranium.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)

1986        Apr 10, Benazir Bhutto (33), daughter of former PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, returned to Pakistan.

1986        Aug 14, Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was arrested.

1986        Sep 5, The Pakistan army stormed a hijacked US B-747 in Karachi and 22 people were killed. A purser helped save the lives of more than 350 passengers when Libyan-backed hijackers stormed Pan Am Flight 73. The hijackers killed the purser and she posthumously became the youngest person to receive India's highest civilian award for bravery. In 2001 Zayd Hassan Abd Al-latif Masud Al Safarini, jailed in Pakistan for 15 years, arrived in Alaska and was expected to face a 1991 indictment for the 1986 hijacking of a Pan Am jet. In 2003 Safarini pleaded guilty and agreed to 3 life sentences plus 25 years. On Jan 3, 2008, Pakistani authorities freed and deported four Palestinians convicted in the hijacking.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A4)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 1/3/08)(AFP, 7/16/17)

1986        Pakistan introduced its anti-blasphemy law. It made defaming Islam punishable by death. The law was adopted by Pakistani-administered Kashmir in 1993.
    (AFP, 3/15/12)

1987        Jun, Pakistan sentenced Gopal Das, an Indian man, to life in prison for alleged spying. In 2011 PM Zardari remitted Gopal Das' prison sentence on humanitarian grounds in response to an unusual appeal by the Indian Supreme Court.
    (AP, 3/27/11)

1987        Dec 18, Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was married in a traditional Islamic ceremony to businessman Asif Ali Zardari.
    (AP, 12/18/97)

1987        Pakistan claimed a nuclear bomb-building capability.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)

1987        Iran acquired centrifuge designs for a uranium enrichment program that was similar to technology used in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.A3)

1988        Jan 10, In Pakistan Farooq Sattar (28), a founding member of the MQM, became Karachi’s youngest mayor.
    (WSJ, 12/5/07, p.A22)(http://tinyurl.com/36566r)

1988        Apr 14, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the United States and the Soviet Union signed agreements providing for the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan and creation of a nonaligned Afghan state. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev announced the withdrawal of Soviet troops. The Soviets pulled out of Afghanistan after nine years of fighting. Afghan rebels rejected the pact and continued fighting.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(WA, 1997,p.737)(TMC, 1994, p.1988)(AP, 4/14/98)

1988        Apr 29, Pres. Zia-ul Haq dismissed the government Mohammed Khan Junejo on charges of incompetence.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1988        May 29, Pakistan Pres. Zia ul-Haq fired government and disbanded the parliament.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1988        Aug 17, Pakistani President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq (63) and US Ambassador Arnold Raphel were killed in a mysterious plane crash. Zia, president from 1977-1988, was responsible for the 1977 overthrow and 1979 death of Premier Bhutto. Zia did much to turn Pakistan towards Islamic fundamentalism. Bhutto’s daughter, Benazir Bhutto, became prime minister in November.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-1)(AP, 8/17/98)(Econ, 6/14/08, p.103)

1988        Nov 16, Voters in Pakistan cast ballots in their first open election in 11 years, resulting in victory for populist candidate Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 11/15/98)

1988        Nov 19, Benazir Bhutto was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1988        Dec 1, Benazir Bhutto was named 1st female PM of a Moslem country, Pakistan.

1988        Dec 2, Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as prime minister of Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/2/98)

1988        Dec, Tahir Mirza Hussain (18), a British Pakistani visiting relatives near Chakwal, Pakistan, was physically and sexually assaulted by a taxi driver with a gun. A struggle followed during which the gun went off and driver Jamshad Khan was fatally injured. Hussein reported the incident to police and was arrested. In 1989 he was sentenced to death. In May, 1996, a high court acquitted him of all charges, but an Islamic court charged him with armed robbery and in August, 1998, he was again sentenced to death.
    (SSFC, 5/21/06, p.A16)

1988        Benazir Bhutto (b.1953) authored her autobiography. She served 2 terms as prime minister of Pakistan (1988-1990, 1993-1996).  In 2007 she published an update.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.89)
1988         In Peshawar, Pakistan, “The Essential Guide for Preparation" by Sayyid Imam al-Sharif (b.~1950), aka Dr. Fadl, appeared and became one of the most important texts in training for jihadis. Sayyid Imam al-Sharif, a co-founder of al-Qaida, was jailed in Yemen in 2001 and transferred to Egypt in 2004, where he changed his radical position and published "Document of Right Guidance for Jihad Activity in Egypt and the World," also transliterated as "Rationalizing Jihad in Egypt and the World". In it he proclaimed “We are prohibited from committing aggression, even if the enemies of Islam do that."

1988        Rafiq Tarar, a Tablighi Muslim, was elected by the Parliament under PM Nawaz Sharif.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A7)

1988        Pakistan's main spy agency (ISI) gave military training to Kashmiri rebels (JKLF) battling security forces in Indian-administered Kashmir. ISI training ended in 1989. The information was only made public in 2005 by JKLF leader Amanullah Khan in the 1st volume of his Urdu-language biography "Jehed-e-Musalsal" (Continuous Struggle).
    (Reuters, 6/17/05)

1988-1998    The fighting in Kashmir left 300,000 dead over this period.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.C2)

1989        Feb 12, In Pakistan 5 Moslem rioters were killed in Islamabad protesting the "Satanic Verses" novel.

1989        Jun 2, Prime Minister Bhutto told a joint session of the US Congress that Pakistan does not have nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)

1989        Nov 24, In Peshawar, Pakistan, Abdulla Yusuf Azzam, a Palestinian intellectual, was assassinated in a car bombing reportedly ordered by Osama bin Laden for suspected CIA ties.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdullah_Yusuf_Azzam)

1989        Nov, Rebellion erupted in India-held Kashmir and small arms sniping between Indian soldiers and rebels became routine. Many of the Islamic separatists trained in Pakistan
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1989        Mohammad Ahsan Dar founded Hizbul Mujahedeen for Kashmir Muslim fighters. The group went under the wing of Jamaat-e-Islami (JI), Pakistan’s best connected Islamic political party.
    (WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)
1989        Lashker-e-Tayyaba was created in Pakistan to fight against India in Kashmir. Pres. Musharraf banned Lashker-e-Tayyaba in January, 2002, under pressure from the US.
    (SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A10)
1989        Pakistan ordered 60 F-16 fighter jets from the US and paid for 28 of them. The US Congress stopped the sale in 1990.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A18)
1989        In Pakistan the Suzuki Mehran, a small boxy car, made its debut.
    (Econ, 5/9/15, p.34)

1990        Jan 4, In Sindh Province, Pakistan, an overcrowded 16-car passenger train collided with standing freight train and more than 210 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1990        Jan, India opened fire in Kashmir. Over 30,000 people were killed over the next 12 years.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)

1990        Feb 7, In Pakistan riots broke out between rival political parties and 22 people were hurt.

1990        Jul, A bomb blast in the eastern city of Lahore killed a woman and 3 men. Sarabjit Singh was later arrested, convicted and sentenced to death for the bombing. In 2005 his death sentence was upheld. Relatives said he is a farmer who crossed the border into Pakistan while drunk, and then was confused with a man named Manjit Singh, whom Pakistan blames for a series of bombings in Lahore. In 2012 President Asif Ali Zardari commuted the death sentence of Sarabjit Singh to life in prison, the equivalent of time served in this case.
    (AFP, 9/27/05)(AP, 6/26/12)

1990        Aug 6, Pakistan’s PM Benazir Bhutto was ousted after 20 months in office by Pres. Ghulam Ishaq Khan on charges of incompetence and corruption. An interim government was led by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. It was later estimated that $1.5 billion was received in bribes, kickbacks and commissions from a variety of enterprises.
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B10)

1990        Oct 24, Nawaz Sharif’s nine-party Democratic Alliance won a 2/3 majority in the National Assembly.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1990        Nov, Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party lost elections that put Nawaz Sharif into power with a 2/3 majority.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)

1990        Some 70 tons of hashish was transported across Pakistan by camel and loaded onto 2 freighters. 28 tons were loaded onto the freighter Saratoga Success, which collided with another ship and after 2 typhoons ended up beached in the Philippines. The freighter Lucky Star left Pakistan in 1991 with the other 48 tons and stopped to pick up the 28 tons on the Saratoga. The final destination was Vancouver, BC, but US federal agents intercepted the $250 million shipment.
    (SFC, 4/19/97, p.C1)
1990        Pres. Bush imposed sanctions against Pakistan under the 1986 Pressler Amendment when he was unable to certify that Pakistan did not have a nuclear bomb. This stopped the sale of 28 F-16 airplanes to Pakistan for which $658 million was already paid to General Dynamics. Pakistan had ordered and paid for 71 F-16 fighter bombers. $157 million was returned. In 1998 New Zealand agreed to lease the planes for about $105 million and the money to be paid to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 5/9/97, p.E2)(SFC, 5/29/98, p.A15)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A18)

1991        Feb 1, Afghanistan and Pakistan were hit by an earthquake and 1,200 died.

1991        Pakistan’s government sent  troops to Karachi to quell rising violence. Since then the MQM abandoned democracy and took to the streets in an insurrection.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-6)

1992        Jan 1, Altaf Hussain (b.1953), leader of Pakistan’s MQM party, fled to Saudi Arabia and after a month to London. PM Nawaz Sharif soon deployed the army to Karachi for a massive anti-MQM operation and the city descended into an undeclared civil war.
    (www.elections.com.pk/candidatedetails.php?id=6881)(WSJ, 12/5/07, p.A22)

1992        Sep 28, A Pakistani jetliner crashed in Nepal, killing all 167 people aboard. The crew had miscalculated their altitude.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A10)

1992        The Pakistan Cricket team led by Imran Khan won the World Cup Championship.
    (WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A1,8)
1992        The radical Islamic Movement for the Enforcement of Islam in English was founded.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A10)
1992        Ramzi Yousef, nephew of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Khaled Sheikh Mohammed), dispatched from Pakistan a childhood friend Abdul Hakim Murad to the US to begin plotting the 1st World Trade Center attack.
    (WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A6)
1992        In Pakistan a woman and her two children were killed in an alleged robbery attempt. Gulam Mustafa was convicted in the case, but was later pardoned by the family. Aftab Bahadur (15) was also convicted and sentenced to death. In 2015 two witnesses in the case recanted their statement and declared Bahadur innocent. On June 10, 2015 Bahadur was hanged in Lahore’s Kot Lakhpat Jail.
    (SFC, 6/11/15, p.A6)

1993        Jan 8, Asif Nawaz Khan Janjua (56), Pakistan’s 10th Chief of Army, died under mysterious circumstances while jogging near his home in Rawalpindi. His widow later accused the government of poisoning her husband.

1993        Mar, Benazir Bhutto began a campaign to oust Nawaz Sharif.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)

1993        Apr 18, Nawaz Sharif’s government was dismissed by Ishaq Khan on corruption charges. The interim government was led by Balkh Sher Mazari.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1993        May 26, The Supreme Court restored the government of Nawaz Sharif.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1993        Jun 5, In Somalia, militiamen loyal to Mohamed Farrah Aidid killed 24 Pakistani soldiers.
    (AP, 6/5/98)

1993        Jul 18, Shariq and Ishaq Khan resigned under army pressure. An interim government, headed by former world bank v.p. Moeen Qureshi, called for new elections.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1993        Aug 25, The United States applied limited sanctions against China and Pakistan after concluding the Chinese had sold M-11 missile technology to the Pakistanis.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A4)(AP, 8/25/98)

1993        Sep 9, About a hundred Somali gunmen and civilians were killed when U.S. and Pakistani peacekeepers fired on Somalis attacking other peacekeepers.
    (AP, 9/9/98)

1993        Oct 7, Bhutto returned to power after general elections. Nov, Benazir Bhutto was re-elected to office. Murtazza Bhutto, brother of Benazir Bhutto, returned after 16 years in Syria to challenge his sister for the leadership of the ruling party.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A18)

1993        Oct 19, Benazir Bhutto was returned to the premiership of Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/19/98)

1993        Pakistan halted the repatriation process of Urdu speakers from Bangladesh, saying it did not have the money or land to house them. This left some 250,000 refugees and their descendants to languish in 70 government-run camps across Bangladesh.
    (AP, 6/14/14)
1993        Greg Mortenson of Bozeman, Montana, first visited Pakistan to climb K2, the world’s 2nd highest peak. He failed in climbing the mountain but became interested in the region. In 1996  he built a school in Korphe, Pakistan, the first many. By 2008 he had built 55 schools and authored the memoir: “Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Extraordinary Journey to promote Peace… One School at a Time" (2006). In 2011 a 60 Minute TV report said most of his story appears to have been fabricated.
    (http://tinyurl.com/42ffko2)(SSFC, 4/6/03, Par p.5)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.92)

1994        Feb 20, Three armed Afghans seized a school bus in Islamabad with some 70 passengers including Pakistani children.

1994        Apr, In Afghanistan about this time Mohammed Omar (b.1959), former guerrilla commander against Soviet forces, gathered a group of former guerrillas in the village of Singesar and hung the mujahedeen responsible for the rape of 2 local girls. He soon led the Taliban (The Students) as Amir-ul-Momineen (Commander of the Faithful). The Taliban militia advanced rapidly against the Islamic government.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taliban)

1994        Sep, Naseerullah Baber, Pakistan’s interior minister, arranged a peace convoy to run rice, clothing and other gifts through Afghanistan to Turkmenistan.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C3)
1994        Sep, The Taliban was formed in southern Afghanistan. Its fighters were initially trained by the Frontier Constabulary, a paramilitary force of Pakistan’s Interior Ministry (ISI). Taliban forces captured the southern town of Kandahar. 800 truckloads of arms and ammunition were gained from a Soviet cache. They continued to gain land over the next 2 years. The Taliban took Kabul in 1996.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(SFC, 1/1/97,p.C3)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A10)    (WSJ, 9/14/01, p.A6)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.44)

1994        The Indian Parliament unanimously decided that its goal was to extend its rule to all of “Pakistan-occupied Kashmir."
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.C2)
1994        Pakistan’s military purchased three Agosta 90 B submarines from France. PM Edouard Balladur’s 1995 campaign for the French presidency was later suspected of having been financed in part from kickbacks in the submarine sale.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(www.digitaljournal.com/article/274427)(Econ, 10/1/11, p.54)

1995        Mar 3, A car bomb exploded in Karachi, Pakistan, at a Shiite mosque and 10 people were killed.

1995        Mar 8, Two United States diplomats were killed, one injured, when their car was ambushed as they were driving to the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/8/00)

1995        Apr 11, Pres. Clinton expressed sympathy for Pakistan's anger over the blocked sale of American fighter jets, telling visiting PM Benazir Bhutto that it was "not right" for the United States to keep the planes and refuse to give the money back. Pakistan received jets in 2005
    (AP, 4/11/00)(Reuters, 3/26/05)

1995        Jul, Pakistan’s PM Benazir Bhutto, under pressure from army commanders, began peace talks with the MQM. The talks foundered, then restarted, only to reach another deadlock. At year's end the two sides were still hurling accusations at each other.
1995        Jul, Four hostages: Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert were seized by Kashmir guerillas, who call themselves Al Faran. In May ‘96 a Muslim insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec 13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar, a group based in Pakistan. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian authorities.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)(SFC, 4/898, p.A12)

1995         Oct, The government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto devalued the currency and imposed a temporary tariff on imports.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-6)

1995        Nov 19, A suicide bomber of the Egyptian Jihad self-destructed in the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad and killed 15 others. 59 were wounded. Islamic militants opposed to the Cairo regime claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)(MC, 11/19/01)(WSJ, 7/2/02, p.A8)

1995         Dec, A car bomb killed at least 25 and injured more than 100 in the heart of Peshawar’s market district.
    (WSJ, 12/22/95, p.A-1)

1995        In Pakistan PM Bhutto launched another crackdown in Karachi against the MQM.
    (WSJ, 12/5/07, p.A22)
1995         In Karachi, Pakistan, unidentified gunmen bound, blindfolded and shot to death 15 migrant workers. The government blamed the deaths on the Mohajir Qaumi Movement (MQM). Mohajirs are Indian Muslims who came to Karachi when Pakistan was founded. The leader of the MQM was Altaf Hussain, who lived in exile in London.
    (V. Sun, 11/3/95, p.A-16)(WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-6)
1995        A coup attempt by Islamic radical was foiled. 23 military officers were arrested and jailed.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A25)
1995        In Pakistan Dassault Aviation of France agreed to pay Asif Zardari and a partner $200 million for a $4 billion jet fighter contract. The deal fell apart When Bhutto’s government was dismissed.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A8)
1995        Washington said Pakistan received M-11 missiles from China, capable of carrying nuclear warheads. [see Jun 13, 1996]
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)
1995        Shahnawaz Toor, a worker for the US Drug Enforcement Agency, was murdered in Karachi. In 1998 Saulat Mirza, a member of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, was arrested for the murder.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.B2)
1995        In eastern Pakistan several gunmen shot at a crowd of Shiite Muslims in the Punjab provincial town of Jhang. In 2006 a judge sentenced Aslam Moyavia, a Sunni Muslim extremist, to death for the killing.
    (AP, 6/13/06)

1996        Mar 21, The US decided to proceed with plans to deliver weapons to the Islamabad government. $368 mil has already been paid for a naval Orion aircraft and two types of missiles.
    (WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-1)

1996        Mar, The Supreme Court warned Benazir Bhutto against interfering in the appointment of judges.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)

1996        Apr 18, The US government will deliver $368 million in military equipment to Pakistan that was paid for in the 1980’s. Pakistan will also get $120 mil in cash that it paid for weapons and spare parts that were never manufactured.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.A-8)

1996        Apr 25, In Pakistan the Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI - Movement for Justice) party was founded by Imran Khan.

1996        Apr 28, In Pakistan a bomb killed 40 people aboard a bus traveling home for a Muslim festival in a town southeast of Lahore. They were going home to celebrate the most sacred holiday in Islam, Eid al-Adha, the Feast of Sacrifice.
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.T-9)

1996        May 8, A bomb killed at least 6 and injured 38 aboard a bus in Punjab province.
    (WSJ, 5/9/96, p.A-1)

1996        Jun10, Three bombings killed 6 and injured 48 in Punjab Province.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A1)

1996        Jun 13, A Washington Times report said that Chinese M-11 missiles have been deployed in Pakistan in the last few months.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1,4)

1996        Jun 26, In Afghanistan guerrilla leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, head of Hezbi-Islami, having been eliminated as a military power, signed a peace pact with Rabbani, and returned to Kabul to rule as prime minister. Hekmatyar was a member of the dominant Pashtun group, unlike Rabanni and military commander Ahmad Shah Massoud who belong to the Tajik ethnic group. The Taliban militia launched an assault that killed 54 and wounded 118 people. Pakistan’s spy service (ISI) had helped form the Taliban movement.
    (www.afghan-web.com/history/)(WSJ, 6/27/96, p.A1)(SFC, 9/23/96, A12) (Econ, 2/9/13, p.44)

1996        Jul 23, A bomb killed 9 at Lahore Int’l. airport in the Punjab province. It was the 13 bombing in the Punjab this year.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A1)

1996        Jul, Shabana Akhtar was the 1st-ever Pakistani athlete to compete in the Olympics.
    (AFP, 9/5/04)

1996        Aug 18, In Pakistan 18 people were killed when 7 masked gunmen opened fire on a group of Shiite worshipers in central Punjab province. 100 were injured. The militant Sunni group Sipah-e-Sahaba, or Guardians of the Friends of the prophet were blamed.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A9)

1996        Aug 30, The US State Dept. sent a diplomatic note to China protesting the sale of equipment for use in nuclear facilities in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)

1996        Aug 31, Over the past week more than a million Pakistanis were displaced by fierce floods. The central Punjab Province had 4.5 million acres of crops swamped.
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A4)

1996        Sep 20, Murtazza Bhutto, brother of Benazir Bhutto, and 6 followers were killed in a clash with police in Karachi, Pakistan. He led the Shaheed Bhutto faction of the Pakistan People’s Party.
    (SFC, 9/21/96, p.A10)

1996        Sep 23, Gunmen attacked a Sunni Muslim mosque and killed 16 and wounded 45 people. The attack followed the killing of a Shiite leader the night before in Bahawalpur.
    (SFC, 9/23/96, A12)

1996        Sep, Greg Mortenson of Bozeman, Montana, founder of the Central Asia Institute ([email protected]), built a school in Korphe, Pakistan. The project expanded to 28 school buildings, 15 water projects and 4 women’s vocational centers by 2003. Villages were required to increase girls’ enrollment by 10% a year.
    (SSFC, 4/6/03, Par p.5)

1996        Oct, Opposition politicians staged protests and strikes that demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Bhutto.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)

1996        Nov 4, Pres. Farooq Leghari dismissed Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. Until new elections are held civilian administrators will run the show. He accused Ms. Bhutto of allowing corruption and nepotism to become widespread in the government. Her husband, Asif Ali Zardari, was held by police in Islamabad.
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/6/96, p.A18)(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1996        Nov 5, Meraj Khalid was named interim prime minister.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)

1996        Dec 2, Imran Khan, former cricket player, led the Movement for Justice Party and planned to run for prime minister.
    (WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 19, Benazir Bhutto’s husband, the former investment minister, was released from jail, and shortly after charged with the murder of Bhutto’s brother.
    (WSJ, 12/20/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 25, Some 280 migrants from India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka were suspected of having drowned in the Mediterranean while being transshipped in the Malta-Sicily channel. At least 283 people died while on the illegal voyage from Alexandria to Italy.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.A13)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.21)

1996        The United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan recognized the Taliban after they seized the Afghan capital Kabul. All three countries cut ties with the Taliban after it sheltered al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden following the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the US.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

1997        Jan 6, In Pakistan rulers established a security council to give the army an official role in running the country.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A9)

1997        Jan 8, Gas cylinders aboard a truck leaked in Lahore and killed at least 30 people with 900 taken to hospitals. The gas was identified as either ammonia or chlorine.
    (WSJ, 1/10/97, p.A1)

1997        Jan 29, The Supreme Court upheld Bhutto’s dismissal and ordered new elections to proceed.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1997        Feb 4, In Pakistan the Muslim League won elections with 140 of 217 parliament seats. Nawaz Sharif was re-elected as prime minister.
    (SFC, 2/5/97, p.A9)(WSJ, 9/5/07, p.A4)

1997        Feb 28, At 2:10 a.m. a 7.3 earthquake struck in Baluchistan. At least 8 people were killed and many injured. Reports next day indicated that some 80 people had died.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 3/1/97, p.C1)

1997        Mar 3, A train derailed in eastern Punjab just outside Khaniwal and at least 136 people were killed and 450 injured.
    (SFC, 3/4/97, p.A9)

1997        Aug 7, The US State Dept. expressed concern over reports of Chinese  nuclear-capable M-11 missiles sold to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 8/8/97, p.E3)

1997        Sep 7, In the disputed Kashmir region Indian and Pakistani gunners exchanged artillery fire and 14 villagers on the Pakistani side were reported killed and 5 were reported killed on the Indian side.
    (WSJ, 9/8/97, p.A16)

1997        Nov 11, In Pakistan 4 American oil company employees and their driver were shot dead in Karachi. It was believed to be a retaliation for the conviction of Amil Kasi for the 1993 murder of 2 CIA employees. Two gunmen were sentenced to death for the murders in 1999. [see Nov 12]
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.C14)(WSJ, 8/23/99, p.A1)

1997        Nov 12, Four U.S. businessmen and a Pakistani were killed by gunmen in Karachi, Pakistan, apparently in retaliation for the murder conviction of Mir Aimal Kasi in the shooting deaths of two CIA employees. [see Nov 11]
    (AP, 11/12/98)

1997        Dec 2, Prime Minister Nawaz Shariff prevailed over Pres. Farooq Leghari, who resigned. Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah was demoted by his colleagues on the nation’s Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.C2)

1997        Dec 24, Two trains collided at Rustam Sargana in the eastern Punjab and killed at least 35 people and injured 100.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.B4)

1997        Dec 31, Rafiz Tarar won the presidential election with 374 votes in the National Assembly. He faced a Jan 12 court hearing on charges of defaming the judiciary last month. The Pakistan general election turnout was 34.4%.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A17)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A10)

1997        Pakistan’s Nawaz Sharif and India’s Inder Kumar Gujral agreed to a process of dialogue, but relations soured after the BJP came to power in India.
    (Econ, 1/10/04, p.35)
1997        In Pakistan the government of Nawaz Sharif quashed an investigation into claims that his he had used ill-gotten gains from his 1990-1993 term in office to purchase four flats on London’s Park Lane.
    (Econ 7/15/17, p.33)
1997        In Pakistan Mohammed Ali Rahimi, director of the Iranian cultural center in Multan, was killed along with other Shiites by Sunni extremists. Shakeel Anwar (d.2002) was wanted for the killings.
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A10)
1997        Hafiz Shafiur Rahman was arrested in Multan in eastern Pakistan weeks after he shot Ijaz Shah, the district president of Tehrik-e-Jaaferi, a political group representing minority Shiite Muslims. Rahman was convicted in 1999 and hanged in 2006.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
1997        Pakistan’s first motorway opened under PM Nawaz Sharif. The $1.2 billion 375km toll-road linked Islamabad and Lahore. The Grand Trunk Road, 90km shorter and toll-free, already linked the two cities.
    (Econ, 1/21/17, p.32)

1998        Jan 9, From Pakistan it was reported that investigators have uncovered a pattern of secret payments by foreign governments for business favors during the 2 terms when Benazir Bhutto served as Prime Minister. These included a $10 million payment, deposited into a Asif Zardari account by a Middle East gold bullion dealer, for a monopoly contract to sustain Pakistan’s jewelry industry. Officials said $80 million may be in Swiss banks.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 1/9/98, p.A1)

1998        Jan 11, In Lahore, Pakistan, 24 Shiite Muslims  were killed in an attack by the Sipah-e-Sahabah (Friends of the Guardians of the Prophet), a militant Sunni group. The Shiites were at a ceremony marking the 2-year anniversary of the death of their teacher, Mohammed Hussein Rizwan.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A10)

1998        Feb 19, Kanwar Ahson was arrested in Karachi, a Mohajir-dominated city of 14 million, for having sex outside of marriage with his lover Riffat Afridi, who was in hiding. The couple were of rival ethnic groups and the Afridi’s father refused to allow them to marry. They married last week and set off a riot where 2 people were killed and 8 injured.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A14)

1998        Feb 21, Two Iranian engineers were killed in “sectarian violence."
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T14)

1998        Mar 2, At least 300 people were killed in flash floods in the Turbat district of southwestern Baluchistan province. 1,500 people were reported missing.
    (SFC, 3/6/98, p.A13)

1998        Mar 23, Rival groups clashed in Karachi and 17 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T14)

1998        Apr 6, Pakistan reported a successful test of medium-range missile from its Kahuta nuclear research lab. It was capable of carrying nuclear warheads with a range of 900 miles.
    (SFC, 4/798, p.A16)(SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)

1998        Apr 22, It was reported that hundreds of schools in the Punjab have no students, but still collect money for nonexistent teachers. Shabaz Sharig, the chief minister of Punjab for less than a year, has called in the army to investigate. The literacy rate in Pakistan was 35% compared to 65% in India.
    (SFC, 4/22/98, p.A8)

1998        Apr 25, In July a Pakistani defector claimed that the military leadership of Pakistan decided to launch a pre-emptive nuclear attack on New Delhi within 48 hours. Dr. Iftikhar Khan Chaudry also claimed that Pakistan had already armed and deployed nuclear warheads at 2 sites along the Indian border. Chaudry (29) was described as a low-level engineer with no access to military planning data. Pakistani new media later said Chaudry was a low-level accountant at a bathroom fixtures company until Nov 1997, when he resigned. He was later identified as a fraud with no more than a high school education.
    (SFC, 7/2/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/3/98, p.D2)(SFC, 7/7/98, p.A9)

1998        May 4, The Clinton administration invoked sanctions against North Korea and Pakistan for a secret 1997 missile deal. Pakistan’s military named the acquired missile, Ghauri, after a famous Muslim warrior who slew a Hindu emperor named Prithvi, the name of a Russian made Indian missile.
    (SFC, 5/14/98, p.A16)

1998        cMay 7, Bishop John Joseph (67), a Catholic human rights crusader, shot himself in the head to protest the country’s blasphemy law. His death triggered a 2 day riot when police clashed with mourners who carried his body to the Faisalabad cathedral for his funeral.
    (SFC, 5/9/98, p.A10)

1998        May 12, A day after India's first atomic test blasts in 24 years, neighboring Pakistan said it was ready to test a nuclear device itself.
    (AP, 5/12/99)

1998        May 14, Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and the US all imposed penalties on India for its nuclear testing. Pakistan was pressured to refrain from testing its own nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.A15)

1998        May 23, From India and Pakistan it was reported that temperatures had reached 120 degrees and claimed 34 lives. Most of the fatalities occurred in the southwestern Indian state of Maharashtra.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A5)

1998        May 28, Pakistan matched India and exploded five of its own underground nuclear tests in the Chagai Hills. Pres. Clinton grimly denounced the tests and imposed penalties that could cause Pakistan billions. It was later reported that the number and size of the weapons were exaggerated.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A1,13) (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/28/99)

1998        May 30, Pakistan set off a nuclear bomb, the 6th test in 3 days.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A15)
1998        May 30, An estimated 6.9 earthquake hit northern Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Shari Basurkh was hit hardest and some estimates put the death toll up to 3,000. The estimated deaths later reached 5,000.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/1/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/22/02)

1998        Jun 7, In Pakistan a bomb exploded on a passenger train in the southern Sindh province near Sukkur. 26 people were killed and 45 wounded. Pakistan later blamed the Indian Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). India denied involvement.
    (SFEC, 6/7/98, p.A18)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 11, Pakistan announced a moratorium on nuclear tests and offered to enter into bilateral talks with India.
    (WSJ, 6/12/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 12, The G8 industrialized nations agreed to halt all loans to India and Pakistan except those for humanitarian purposes.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 23, Pakistan and India agreed to negotiations in Sri Lanka. Their prime ministers would meet during a South Asian summit starting Jul 29.
    (SFC, 6/24/98, p.A12)

1998        Jul 2, In Shawan, Pakistan, Haji Mohammad Alam Channa, the world’s tallest man at 7 feet 7 and 1/4 inches, died at age 42 from kidney disease.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.C2)

1998        Jul 3, In Indian-held Kashmir Pakistani shelling forced over 2,000 villagers to flee and 7 people were reported killed in Dawar.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.A11)

1998        Jul 4, In Pakistan Zuhair Akram Nadeem, a former provincial and federal legislator, was shot a killed by 2 men on motorcycle.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A18)

1998        Jul 15, A letter, supposedly written by Jo Byong Ho, a North Korean official, was said to be addressed to Pakistani nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan. It said that the chief of the Pakistani Army, Gen. Jehangir Karamat, had been paid $3 million and asked that “agreed documents and components" be placed on a North Korean plane after delivering missile parts to Pakistan. The evidence suggested that Pakistan’s top military officials were involved in the secret sale of equipment to North Korea that enabled it to begin enriching uranium.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A4)

1998        Jul 21, Pakistan announced austerity measures to cope with imposed sanctions.
    (WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A1)

1998        Jul 31, Talks between India and Pakistan broke down following border fighting in Kashmir that killed 50 people.
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A10)

1998        Aug 7, It was estimated that some 500 feudal-style families ruled Pakistan. In 1999 it was reported that 200 feudal families owned most of the land and industries.
    (WSJ, 8/7/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A25)

1998        Aug 7, In Pakistan Sadik Howaida (34), later named as Mohammed Saddiq Odeh, was detained at the Karachi airport. He reportedly confessed to participating in the bombing in Nairobi. He said that he and 2 coconspirators had left Nairobi and planned to enter Afghanistan a few days before the bombing. He acknowledged that the team was recruited and financed by Osama bin Laden who was ensconced in a fortress-style hideout in Kandahar. Odeh later refused to admit responsibility to American officials.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A17)(SFC, 8/17/98, p.12,17)(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A6)

1998        Aug 10, Fighting in Kashmir resumed and 19 people were reported killed in battles between Indian security forces and Pakistan-backed separatist rebels.
    (WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A1)

1998        Aug 12, Benazir Bhutto was indicted on charges of illegally awarding a contract to a Dubai-based company for the import of gold and silver during her rule.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.C5)

1998        Aug 27, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced the coming end of secular law and a new rule of Islamic law based on the Koran.
    (WSJ, 8/31/98, p.A18)

1998        Sep 6, In Peshawar an estimated 15,000 members of the Movement for the Enforcement of Islam in English marched against the American missile attack in Afghanistan. The US did not inform Pakistan of the strikes that crossed Pakistani air space.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/14/01, p.A5)

1998        Sep 10, In Pakistan a court sentenced a Muslim to death for blasphemy. Ghulam Akbar Kahn, a Shiite Muslim, took the name of Mohammed in vain during a May 1995 scuffle with a rival Sunni Muslim.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.D4)

1998        Sep 19, In Pakistani controlled Kashmir Indian artillery fire killed 9 people and wounded 11 others over the last 2 days.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A17)

1998        Sep 23, In Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said that he would sign the nuclear test ban treaty within the year. Sharif also met with Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee of India and agreed to resume talks on Kashmir.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 6, In Karachi 6 people were killed in sectarian violence.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A13)

1998        Oct 7, Gen’l. Jehangir Karamat resigned 2 days after advocating a direct political role for the military.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A13)

1998        Oct 30, Prime Minister Sharif dismissed the Sindh provincial government and imposed federal rule following a fallout between the Pakistan Muslim League and the Muttaheda Qami Movement over the recent killing of Hakim Said, a critic of the MQM and a leading physician.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A14)

1998        Oct 31, The government planned to use direct rule in Karachi, where near daily violence this year has left 750 people dead.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A16)

1998        Nov 2, Mohammed Hashim Bakhtiari, the brother-in-law of former slain Afghan President Najibullah, was shot and killed in northwest Pakistan. Bakhtiari was returning to his home in a posh suburb of Peshawar when assailants opened fire with automatic rifles, police said. No one took responsibility for the killing.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.C12)(AP, 11/2/98)

1998        Nov 6, Pres. Clinton decided to lift most of the sanctions against India and Pakistan for their nuclear tests in May, as a reward for steps taken toward nuclear control agreements.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)

1998        Nov 10, India and Pakistan negotiated disputes as 3 Indian soldiers were killed in border fire across the Kashmir cease-fire line.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.D6)

1998        Nov 20, Prime Minister Sharif ordered soldiers to quell violence in Karachi and suspended civil rights in Sindh province, which surrounds the city.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A14)

1998        Dec 5, Pakistan's sinking credit rating and unsuccessful talks with U.S. officials in Washington caused a major setback to the stock market.
    (UPI, 12/6/98)

1998        PM Bhutto appointed Gen. Pervez Musharraf as director-general of military operations.
    (SFC, 9/21/01, p.A20)

1999        Jan 3, In Pakistan a bomb intended for Prime Minister Sharif killed 3 civilians and a police official. The Muttahida Qami Movement (MQM) was suspected. The MQM represented Urdu-speaking people who immigrated from British India in 1947.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8)

1999        Jan 4, In Sha Jamal, Pakistan, in the eastern Punjab gunmen on motorcycle opened fire on Shiite Muslim worshipers and killed 16 people and wounded at least 25.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A22)(SFC, 1/5/99, p.A8)

1999        Jan 8, In Pakistan it was reported that some 50,000 Pakistanis were being kept as slaves by powerful landlords in the Sindh province. Gov. Moinuddin Haider acknowledged the problem and promised to investigate.
    (SFC, 1/9/99, p.A14)

1999        Jan 17, In Pakistan Islamic laws were imposed in tribal areas of the northwest with punishments to include lashings, amputations of hands and feet, and executions.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A14)

1999        Jan 19, Indian and Pakistani troops clashed in Kashmir and 4 Pakistani soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/20/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 20, Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee of India rode to Pakistan by bus to meet with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for 2 days of talks.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A17)

1999        Feb 21, In Pakistan PM Atal Behari Vajpayee of India and Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif signed documents and a joint statement to reduce the risk of nuclear war and to resolve conflicts in Kashmir. The diplomatic journey inaugurated the first regular bus service between the two nations.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A8)(AP, 8/16/18)

1999        Feb, The Pakistan Army began to re-occupy the posts it had abandoned on its side of the Line of Control in the Kargil region, but also sent forces to occupy some posts on the Indian side of the LOC. Pakistani army chief Gen. Musharaff sent troops there without informing PM Nawaz Sharif.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.46)

1999        Mar 16, The first passenger bus service between India and Pakistan was scheduled to begin.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, p.A22)

1999        Apr 6, In Lahore Samia Imran was killed by a gunman accompanied by her mother under the practice of karo kari. Samia had sought divorce from an abusive husband and was perceived as causing dishonor to her family.
    (SFC, 1/11/00, p.A11)

1999        Apr 13, Pakistan test-fired a ballistic missile, the Ghauri II, at Dina. It was reported to have a range of 1200 miles.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A14)

1999        Apr 14, Pakistan tested a Shaheen I missile with a range of 450 miles.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.C16)

1999        Apr 15, In Pakistan a court convicted Benazir Bhutto in absentia of corruption and sentenced her to 5 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/16/99, p.A18)

1999        May 16, In Pakistan a gasoline truck overturned and exploded while people attempted to salvage leaking fuel in Adda Rodu Sultan. Some 65 people were killed and at least 75 injured.
    (SFC, 5/17/99, p.A12)

1999        May 20, In Pakistan a cyclone struck the Arabian Sea coast and left an estimated 700 people missing, many of whom were presumed dead. Residents said that as many as 3,500 people were missing. 200 bodies were recovered after 2 days.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.A13)(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A16)

1999        May 25, India launched air strikes in the disputed mountains of the Kargil and Drass regions of Kashmir against suspected Pakistani infiltrators. Gen Musharraf was later identified as the architect of Pakistan’s (July) Kargil campaign.
    (SFC, 5/26/99, p.C2)(SFC, 5/27/99, p.A13)(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A14)

1999        May 27, India lost 2 fighter jets, a MiG-21 and a MiG-27, to Pakistani fire on the Pakistani side of Kashmir. Pakistan promised to return one dead pilot and to hold the other as hostage.
    (SFC, 5/28/99, p.A12)

1999        May 28, In the Kashmir border conflict Muslim guerrillas shot down an Indian helicopter and 4 Indian soldiers were killed. Pakistan offered to hold peace talks with India.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.A10)(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        May 30, In Kashmir Indian fighter jets pounded militants in the Kargil sector for the 5th day.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        May 31, India agreed to hold talks with Pakistan over Kashmir, but there was no let up in the Indian offensive against guerrillas.
    (SFC, 6/1/99, p.A8)

1999        May, Najam Sethi, editor of the Friday Times weekly, was arrested. He was barred a month later from leaving Pakistan to accept a human rights award from Amnesty Int'l.
    (SFC, 6/24/99, p.A12)

1999        Jun 1, Pakistani authorities said 10 school children were killed by an Indian artillery shell that his a school near the Line of Control dividing India and Pakistan in Kashmir. India claimed to have killed 470 Muslim fighters and Pakistani soldiers. In Kargil Pakistani forces shelled for the 26th consecutive day.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.C2)

1999        Jun 2, In Kashmir Islamic guerrillas rejected India's offer of safe passage out of the battle zone.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)

1999        Jun 3, Pakistan freed Indian fighter pilot, Flight Lt. Nachiketa, as a good will gesture.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.D2)

1999        Jun 5, India rejected proposed talks with Pakistan for Jun 7 as inconvenient. Indian Gen'l. Chopra estimated 200 intruders had been killed and said 54 Indian soldiers were killed.
    (SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A22)

1999        Jun 6, India resumed air strikes in Kashmir as troops pushed back guerrillas occupying disputed territory.
    (SFC, 6/7/99, p.A11)

1999        Jun 8, India and Pakistan agreed to hold talks on Kashmir Jun 11, while India continued airstrikes and a ground offensive.
    (WSJ, 6/8/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 9, The Pakistan army handed over to India the bodies of 6 severely mutilated Indian soldiers.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.C4)

1999        Jun 12, India and Pakistan met for talks on Kashmir with little success as each blamed the other for the insurgency.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

1999        Jun 13, Pakistan accused India of using chemical weapons in its Kashmir offensive, as India claimed to have captured a key mountain peak.
    (WSJ, 6/14/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 16, Pakistan admitted deep involvement on the Kashmir border war with India.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)

1999        Jun 21, Indian soldiers cleared Islamic guerrillas from a 2nd Kashmir mountain outpost, Point 5203, and killed at least 10 guerrillas.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)

1999        Jun 26, Pakistan gave tacit admission that its fighters were involved in the Kashmir region against Indian forces. India claimed to have lost 5 men and that 4 infiltrators were killed. Islamabad claimed that an offensive was repulsed and that 12 Indian soldiers were killed.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A23)

1999        Jun 29, In Kashmir Indian fighters raided 13 guerrilla positions at Point 4700 and at least 40 people were killed, 25 of them Indians.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 2, The Pakistani army reported that 58 Kashmiri civilians had been killed and 158 wounded over the last 2 month by Indian shelling.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 4, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif met with Pres. Clinton and announced that it would abandon its seized positions in Kashmir. Meanwhile India claimed a victory at Tiger Hill. In 2002 it was revealed that Clinton confronted Sharif with intelligence reports that the Pakistani military was preparing missiles with nuclear warheads.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A8)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A11)

1999        Jul 6, In Kashmir fighting continued despite a US-Pakistan pact to push for peace. India reported 55 mercenaries killed along with 9 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 10, In India the prime minister said most of the Pakistani soldiers had been cleared out of the Indian side of Kashmir.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A26)

1999        Jul 11, In India and Pakistan top commanders agreed to the withdrawal of Islamic militants from Kashmir along with a complete cease fire.
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 27, A bomb in Pakistan-ruled Kashmir killed 7 people and injured 40 when it exploded on a bus in the Kotli district.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 4, In Kashmir 4 days of fighting left at least 50 people dead including 32 militants and 7 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)

1999        Aug 10, An Indian jet shot down a Pakistani naval reconnaissance plane over the disputed Sir Creek area. All 16 people in the plane were killed.

1999        Aug 14, Separatist rebels in India killed at least 7 people in Kashmir and Assam attacks on Pakistan Independence Day.
    (WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 17, Pakistan said 6 soldiers and 2 civilians were killed in shelling by India.
    (WSJ, 8/18/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 21, It was reported that many serfs in the Sindh province of Pakistan, estimated at 50,000, were setting themselves free and demanding better lives. Most of the laborers were minority Hindus.
    (SFC, 8/21/99, p.A13)

1999        Sep 1, In Kashmir Pakistani soldiers attacked Indian posts over the last 2 days and left 22 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A16)

1999        Sep 9, In Peshawar over 5,000 Islamic students marched for Osama bin Laden and chanted "Death to America." They suspected that Washington was preparing an attack on Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D4)

1999        Sep 17, Opposition politicians and the Christian community accused the government of colluding with Maulana Ajmal Qadri, leader of the Jamiat-Ulema-e-Islam, who had called for the killing of legislators who oppose Islamic law in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 9/17/99, p.D6)

1999        Sep 20, Asif Ali Zardari, the jailed husband of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto, was indicted with 8 other people on charges of drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 9/21/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 1, In Pakistan gunmen attacked Shiites in Karachi and killed 9 people in a mosque. A retaliatory attack on a Sunni Muslim school left 4 dead. Another 5 people were killed in eastern Punjab.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A13)

1999        Oct 12, In Pakistan Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf led a military coup after PM Shariff tried to fire him and replace him with Gen'l. Zia Uddin. Musharraf avoided martial law and left the parliament intact. Sharif refused to let a passenger plane land in Karachi with 198 people aboard that included Gen. Musharraf. The coup cut short a Pakistani commando operation set up by the CIA to get Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. In 2009 the Pakistani Supreme Court acquitted Sharif of hijacking charges.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A21)(SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)(SFC, 10/3/01, p.A10)(SFC, 7/18/09, p.A2)

1999        Oct 15, In Pakistan Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf declared a state of emergency and suspended the constitution.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 17, In Pakistan Gen'l. Musharraf announced a unilateral reduction of troops on the India border, the establishment of a military-technocrat ruling council, and an eventual return to civilian rule. He unveiled a 7-point agenda to save the nation.
    (SFC, 10/18/99, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/ruuth)

1999        Oct 25, In Pakistan Gen. Musharraf announced that he would head the formation of a 7-person National Security Council to run the country until elections.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 25, In Kashmir Indian troops killed 4 Pakistani soldiers with artillery and small arms in the mountainous Uri sector.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)

1999        Nov 6, In Pakistan a 10-member civilian cabinet, named by Gen. Musharraf, formally took office.
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A24)

1999        Nov 11, Javed Iqbal (40) killed his 87th victim, Mohammad Imran (15). Iqbal dissolved the bodies in vats of chemicals and left photos and notes that described his victims. The story became public in Dec. when his killings reached 100 and he made his story public. Iqbal surrendered in Lahore, Pakistan, on Dec 30. He was found strangled with bed sheets in his cell on Oct 7, 2001.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.B2)(WSJ, 12/31/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)

1999        Nov 12, In Pakistan several explosions near American structures struck in downtown Islamabad and injured 6 people. It was speculated that Taliban supporters were linked to the blasts.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)(SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)

1999        Nov 17, In Pakistan over 20 of the country's wealthiest and most powerful people were arrested for corruption. A law was drawn up at 2 a.m. to give the government the right to prosecute any former official for suspected corruption back to 1985.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A20)

1999        Dec 27, In northeast Pakistan Salamat Shah, a Shiite Muslim, opened fire and killed 12 members of a rival Sunni Muslim group, Sipa-e-Sahaba, during a funeral procession in Sikunder Pur.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.A10)

1999        Abdul Qadeer Khan, a Pakistani scientist, visited North Korea and was shown 3 nuclear devices according to a report he made public in 2004.
    (SFC, 4/13/04, p.A1)

2000        Jan 5, In Karachi, Pakistan, freed militant Masood Azhar called on some 10,000 followers to liberated Kashmir and to destroy India and the US.
    (SFC, 1/6/00, p.A8)

2000        Jan 26, Six of the Supreme Court's 13 judges refused to take a new oath under the provisional military government. Of 102 judges, 89 took the oath. The oath protected the military from legal action.
    (SFC, 1/27/00, p.C16)

2000        Jan 28, In Karachi, Pakistan, a bomb exploded in a Mosque and killed 4 people with 28 wounded.
    (SFC, 1/29/00, p.C1)

2000        Feb 10, In Jammu-Kashmir a train explosion killed at least 5 people. In northern Kashmir gunmen burst into 2 homes in Pattan village and killed 6 people with 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 2/11/00, p.D2)

2000        Feb 18, In Kashmir a land mine killed 10 police officers in Tral. Another 6 were seriously wounded. Militants for independence or union with Pakistan claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)

2000        Feb 25, Pakistan accused India that soldier had crossed the border of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir and killed 14 civilians.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Feb 27, India claimed that Pakistani soldiers had crossed the cease-fire line of Jammu-Kashmir and killed one Indian officer and 6 other soldiers.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Mar 10, In Pakistan attorney Iqbal Raad and 2 others were killed by gunmen 3 days before closing arguments in the hijacking trial of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A8)

2000        Mar 16, In Pakistan a judge sentenced Javed Iqbal (42), the killer of 100 children, to die the same way his victims died, by strangulation, dismemberment and dissolvement in acid.
    (SFC, 3/17/00, p.A14)

2000        Mar 23, Pakistan announced that local elections would begin in Dec.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar, The Jaish-e-Mohammad group formed in Pakistan under Maulana Masood Azhar as a merger of militant Islamic groups dedicated mostly to freeing Muslims from Indian rule in Kashmir. In December, 2001, Pres. Musharraf banned the group.
    (SFC, 11/10/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A10)

2000        Apr 4, In Pakistan Arif Khan (45), the governor of Kunduz province in Afghanistan, was shot and killed along with his bodyguard by 2 gunmen in Peshawar.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)

2000        Apr 5, In Pakistan Nawaz Sharif was sentenced to life in prison for hijacking and terrorism due to his Oct 12 refusal to let a passenger plane land with 198 people aboard.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)

2000        Apr 6, In Pakistan the Anti-Terrorist Court declared the former PM Nawaz Sharif guilty of attempted hijacking and terrorism and sentenced him to two life imprisonment terms of 25 years each which would run concurrently.
2000        Apr 6, Iqbal Masih, a slain child labor spokesperson, was named in Sweden as the first winner of the World’s Children’s prize. Masih was gunned down at age 13 after speaking out against child labor in carpet factories where he had worked from age 5-10. Prize money was earmarked to establish the Iqbal Masih Freedom Center for the Rights of the Child in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 4/8/00, p.C1)

2000        Apr 12, In Pakistan at least 11 people were killed in Mulawali when gunmen hurled a grenade into a prayer meeting of Shiite Muslims followed by automatic rifle fire. 30 people were injured.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)

2000        Apr 20, It was reported that 1.5 million Pakistanis, out of a total population of 150 million, were addicted to heroin.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A16)

2000        Apr 29, In Pakistan it was reported that the worst drought in 100 years ravaged southern Sindh and Baluchistan provinces. Up to 500 people were dead from diseases related to the drought.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A14)

2000        May 12, Pakistan’s Supreme Court ruled that the military takeover in October 1999 was justified under the "doctrine of necessity." Pres. Musharraf had dismissed 13 senior judges and got the remaining judges to decree that his coup was legal and necessary.
    (www.ciaonet.org/olj/sa/sa_jan01kus01.html)(Econ, 7/8/06, Survey p.6)

2000        Jun 4, A new government tax caused protests and strikes. In Peshawar police broke up a rally with tear gas and batons. Small traders refused to open their shops and transport workers joined the strikes.
    (SFEC, 6/11/00, p.T10)

2000        Jul 15, Farooq Sattar, a leader of the Muttahida Qami Movement of Indian Muslims, was sentenced to 14 years in jail for corruption.
    (SFC, 7/17/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 16, A bomb exploded on a train leaving Hyderabad. 10 people were killed and 30 injured.
    (SFC, 7/17/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 22, Deposed Premier Nawaz Sharif was sentenced to 14 years in prison for tax evasion and barred from politics for 21 years.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.A16)

2000        Aug 24, India and Pakistan traded accusations over a clash in Kashmir. India claimed that 10 Pakistani fighters were killed, while Pakistan said 2 were killed.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)

2000        Sep 19, In Islamabad a bomb exploded in a produce market and 16 people were killed and over 80 people were wounded.
    (SFC, 9/20/00, p.A14)

2000        Dec 4, Pakistan said it won’t insist to being party to peace talks with Kashmiri separatists but that it must be a party to the final settlement.
    (WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 9, Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif along with 17 relatives was released from prison and sent into exile as guests of the royal family of Saudi Arabia. He agreed to stay out of politics and forfeited property valued at $8.3 million.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A28)(WSJ, 12/11/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 17, Pakistan was reported to be $36 billion in debt to foreign lenders. It collected income taxes from only 1% of the people and was weighed down by defense expenditures to finance the conflict with India.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D6)

2000        Dec 20, India and Pakistan took steps to reduce tensions in Kashmir. India extended its cease-fire and Pakistan announced a partial troop withdrawal.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)

2000        cDec 24, Noor Jehan, singer known as the Melody Queen, died in Karachi at age 74.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.B5)

2000        Dec 25,  In Kashmir a car bomb went off in the Indian controlled area and 8 people were killed with 23 injured. The Pakistan-based rebel groups Jamaat-ul Mujahedeen and Jaish-e-Mohammad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)
2000        Dec 25, Bombs exploded in 4 cities. 36 people were injured in Lahore.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)

2000        Dec 31, Staggered elections for municipal and district councils began. A third of the seats were reserved for women, another third for the poor.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B3)

2000        Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf dismissed 13 senior judges and got the remaining judges to decree that his coup was legal and necessary.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, Survey p.6)

2001        Jan 10, It was reported that some 18,000 Afghan refugees had crossed the border into Pakistan in recent weeks.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A8)

2001        Jan 16, In Kashmir 11 people died when militants attacked the airport at Srinagar. The Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba guerrillas claimed responsibility. The group was later banned in Pakistan but reappeared under the name Jamaat-ud-Dawa.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.39)

2001        Jan 26, A 7.9 (7.7) earthquake hit India and Pakistan as India prepared to celebrate Republic Day. It was an intraplate earthquake along a thrust fault 300 miles south of the boundary between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian Plates. Some 20,000-50,000 people were killed and over 14,000 injured across Gujarat state. 10 people were reported killed in Pakistan. The quake caused an underground river, either the Saraswati or Indus, to reappear that had disappeared in a 19th century quake. [see Jan 31]
    (SFC, 1/26/01, p.A16)(SFC, 1/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/01, p.D8)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)

2001        Jan 28, In Karachi, Pakistan, masked gunmen ambushed a religious school’s van and killed 5 Sunni Muslims.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 28, In Peshawar, Pakistan, an angry mob torched the English language newspaper, the Frontier Post. It had just published a letter to the editor titled "Why Muslims hate Jews."
    (LSA, Fall/03, p.38)

2001        Feb 22, Pakistan said it may put nuclear missiles on its submarines. It recently acquired 3 submarines from France.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)

2001        Mar 21, Military rulers arrested at least 20 opposition leaders. 1,600 people have been jailed in the last 3 days.
    (WSJ, 3/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 31, In Pakistan a stampede at a shrine in Pakbattan Sharif left 40 dead as thousands rushed for the “paradise door."
    (WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar, The Karachi Race Club was closed down. Care of many horses stopped and over 50 died by July.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.D3)

2001        Apr 6, The Supreme Court set aside the conviction of Benazir Bhutto and her imprisoned husband Asif Ali Zardari and ordered a retrial.
    (SFC, 4/7/01, p.A10)

2001        Apr 9, Hundreds of thousands of radical Muslims, followers of the Deoband Dar-ul-Uloom brand of Islam, gathered for a rally in Peshawar.
    (SFC, 4/10/01, p.A12)

2001        May 13, Pakistan refused to give refugee status to tens of thousands of Afghans living in the northwest part of the country. An estimated 50,000 Afghans were on the move inside Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 5/14/01, p.A12)

2001        May 23, India called off a 6-month cease-fire in Kashmir and at the same time invited Pakistan’s military leader to visit and discuss how to bring peace to the region.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C2)

2001        May 24, Pakistan’s foreign minister, Maj. Gen. Rashid Qureshi, accused India of state terrorism in Kashmir and said his nation would accept an invitation from India for talks.
    (SFC, 5/25/01, p.A16)

2001        May 29, Pakistan accepted India’s offer for peace talks on Kashmir.
    (WSJ, 5/30/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 20, Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf dismissed the president and named himself to the post. He also dissolved the national Assembly and 4 provisional assemblies.
    (WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A10)

2001        Jul 1, A bomb exploded at the crowded Prince movie theater in Karachi and at least one person was killed.
    (SFC, 7/2/01, p.B1)

2001        Jul 2, Local elections were held in Karachi.
    (SFC, 7/2/01, p.B1)

2001        Jul 10, In Kashmir 25 people were killed as India pressed an offensive against Islamic insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Jul 14, Gen. Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan arrived in India for talks on Kashmir and other issues with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 15, Gen. Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan met with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee and talked on issues including, Kashmir, trade, terrorism and nuclear safeguards. They also agreed to continue discussions for a 2nd day.
    (SFC, 7/16/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 16, In India the leaders of Pakistan and India failed to reach an accord on their half-century dispute over Kashmir, ending a landmark three-day summit on a solemn note. They did agree to meet later in the year in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A6)(AP, 7/16/02)

2001        Jul 23, Flash floods killed at least 150 people. In Islamabad 24 inches of rain broke a 100-year record.
    (WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/01, p.A9)

2001        Jul, Mohammed Siddque Kanju, foreign minister, was shot dead along with a former legislator during an election campaign in Punjab. Shakeel Anwar was wanted for the murders.
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A10)

2001        Sep 13, The US requested that Pakistan grant air and land space for military actions in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 9/14/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 15, Pakistan agreed to close its border with Afghanistan and pledged full support to combat int’l. terrorism.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A7)

2001        Sep 16, Pakistan told Afghanistan to surrender Osama bin Laden within 3 days or face almost certain military action.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A8)

2001        Sep 17, Pakistan virtually shut down its 1,560-mile border with Afghanistan. Some 1.2 million Afghan refugees in the North-West Frontier Province were confined to dozens of camps in the region.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.A8)

2001        Sep 21, Islamic groups planned a general strike to protest Pakistan’s support of the anti-terrorist coalition.
    (SFC, 9/21/01, p.A20)

2001        Sep 22, Pakistan confirmed that it had pulled its senior diplomats out of Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A14)
2001        Sep 22, Pres. Bush lifted sanctions on India and Pakistan.
    (SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 28, Pres. Bush authorized $50 million in aid to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A10)

2001        Sep 30, Pres. Musharraf said that some 7-8 thousand madrassas comprised the biggest welfare organization anywhere in the world, providing free education and living arrangements for up to 700,000 mostly poor children. Pakistan spent about 2% of its GNP on public education.
    (WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A14)

2001        Oct 1, In Srinagar, capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a Pakistani-based suicide squad struck at the Legislative Assembly and 38 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A17)(AP, 10/1/06)

2001        Oct 2, India demanded that Pakistan shut down the Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of the Prophet Mohammad) militant group responsible for the Oct 1 attack in Srinagar that killed 40 people. India also asked the US to outlaw the group and to freeze its assets.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)

2001        Oct 4, Pakistan announced that it sees sufficient grounds for an indictment against Osama bin Laden.
    (WSJ, 10/5/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 5, Fazlur Rehman, head of the Jumiat-Ulema-I-Islami, led a peaceful protest of some 20,000 in Rawalpindi in a pro-Taliban demonstration.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A6)

2001        Oct 7, Muslim clerics called for a holy war to counter the attacks in Afghanistan. Fazlur Rehman, a top fundamentalist politician, was arrested. Most of the Arab world appeared relatively calm.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A6)

2001        Oct 8, Violent protests hit the main cities. At least one protester was killed in Quetta.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A4)

2001        Oct 9, Pakistan cracked down on continuing violent anti-US protests and 4 people were killed. Some radical clerics were arrested.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 9, A Pakistani serial killer, Javed Iqbal, committed suicide rather than face his sentence. He was to be chopped up and dissolved in acid for having abused and killed over 100 children.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 14, In Pakistan thousands of Muslims clashed with police in Jacobabad and at least 1 protester was killed.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A3)

2001        Oct 15, India shelled Pakistani posts along their line in Jammu Kashmir for aiding Islamic militants. One woman was killed and 25 civilians wounded.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B1)

2001        Oct 20, Pakistan confirmed that it was holding talks with a senior Taliban commander, Mullah Jalaluddin Haqqani, on the makeup of a future Afghan government.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A18)

2001        Oct 22, Pakistan reached an agreement with the Taliban to accept the return of thousands of refugees. The Taliban agreed to set up 2 refugee camps inside Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A12)

2001        Oct 24, Some 4,000 armed men blocked and held the Karakoram Highway, the main road to China, and demanded that Musharraf step down by Nov 7. Some 10,000 Pashtun tribesmen held the hills over the highway.
    (WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A17)(SFC, 10/31/01, p.A3)

2001        Oct 26, Some 40,000 marched in Karachi to protest US air strikes. Another 10,000 protested in Quetta.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A3)

2001        Oct 28, Gunmen attacked St. Dominic’s Catholic Church in Bahawalpur and shot to death at least 16 people. In Quetta a bomb on a bus killed 3 passengers. 13 Islamic militants were arrested in connection with the shooting.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A1,8)(WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 31, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf ordered the arrest of anyone using a mosque loudspeaker for anything other than the traditional call to prayer. He also banned the use of mosques to “spread sectarian hatred."
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 31, The US Consulate in Lahore received a letter that was later confirmed to contain anthrax.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A10)

2001        Nov 1, A statement attributed to bin Laden accused the government of supporting a Christian crusade and urged people to defend their faith.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.A3)

2001        Nov 3, Some 500,000 Muslims gathered In Raiwind, Punjab, for the annual Tablighi Ijtimah (Congregation of Preaching). Their movement was founded in 1950 in India.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A7)

2001        Nov 4, Pakistan arrested Qazi Hussain Ahmed, leader of the pro-Taliban Jamaat-e-Islami party, after he defied a ban on public protests. Ahmed was charged with sedition the next day.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A18)

2001        Nov 7, Pakistan halted the news conferences of Afghan ambassador Abdul Salam Zaeef, who used the event to announce civilian casualties caused by US bombings.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A4)

2001        Nov 8, Pakistan’s Gen. Pervez Musharraf stopped in Paris and London on his way to meet with Pres. Bush. He called for an end to military operations before the month of Ramadan.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A3)

2001        Nov 9, A Pakistani newspaper published a Nov 7 interview with Osama bin Laden in which he claimed to have chemical and nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 9, Police in Dera Ghazi Khan shot and killed 4 protesters during a strike called by extremist religious parties.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)

2001        Nov 10, Pres. Bush also met with Gen. Musharraf and pledged to boost aid to Pakistan.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 11, A Pakistani newspaper (Ausaf) published the second part of an interview in which Osama bin Laden was quoted as saying he had nothing to do with the anthrax attacks in the United States, and declared he would never allow himself to be captured.
    (AP, 11/11/02)

2001        Nov 21, India border forces in Kashmir killed at least 12 suspected Islamic guerrillas trying to cross a cease-fire line with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)

2001        Nov 22, Pakistan ordered the Taliban to close its embassy in Islamabad.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A16)

2001        Nov 23, Pakistani airplanes were being used to evacuate pro-Taliban Pakistani fighters in Kunduz.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov, Ihsan Khan, a Pakistani cab driver in Washington DC, won 1 $55.2 million jackpot. His lump sum payout was over $32.4 million. Khan returned to Pakistan and in 2005 was elected mayor of Batagram, just days before a major earthquake in the area.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A26)

2001        Dec 11, Pakistani officials said 2 nuclear scientists, Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood and Abdul Majid, talked with Osama bin Laden last August in Kabul about nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.
    (SFC, 12/12/01, p.A19)

2001        Dec 18, Hundreds of al Qaeda and Taliban fighters were reported to have slipped into Pakistan from Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/19/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 19, Al Qaeda prisoners in Pakistan revolted and 14 were killed. Another 18 escaped.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 21, India recalled its top envoy from Pakistan and suspended bus and train service between the 2 countries.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 23, India troops moved closer to the Pakistani border and heavy fire was exchanged. 2 Indian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)

2001        Dec 25, India and Pakistan armies exchanged artillery fire in the mountains of Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 26, India deployed missile batteries and increased jet fighter patrols along its border with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 27, India banned Pakistan’s national airline from entering its airspace and ordered Pakistan to withdraw half of its diplomats from New Delhi. Pakistan followed suite.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(AP, 12/27/02)

2001        Zafran Bibi was sentenced to death by stoning for being raped by her husband’s brother. She gave birth to a daughter and was confined to a solitary cell in Kohat as her case pended appeal under Islamic law of hudood. In 2002 her conviction was overturned.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 6/7/02, p.A13)

2001        Dec 28, Pakistan arrested some 50 leading members of 2 Islamic militant groups: Lashkar-e-Tayyaba and Jaish-e-Mahammed.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 30, Pakistan arrested Hafiz Saeed, leader of Lashkar-eTayyaba (Army of the Pure) as India moved more troops to the border.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 31, Pakistani high command planned to pull some 50,000 troops off the Afghan border and redeploy them along the India border.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)

2001        Hafiz Iqbal, a Sufi gnostic and street sweeper in Lahore, died. He was later recognized as a Sufi saint.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.73)

2002        Jan 1, Pakistan ordered the country’s military intelligence agency to cut off backing for Islamic militant groups fighting in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 2, In India, Kashmir, militants detonated 2 grenades near the legislature killing 1 police officer and wounding at least 24. 2 soldiers were later killed by militants at an Indian military post in Darhal.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 2, Foreign ministers of India and Pakistan shook hands at a regional summit in Nepal.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 4, Pakistan continued to round up alleged militants. Some 200 were said to have been arrested in the last 10 days. Key leaders of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba and Jaish-e-Mohammed were among the detained. Pakistan also handed over senior al Qaeda trainer al-Shaykh al-Libi to the US military.
    (SFC, 1/5/02, p.A3,15)

2002        Jan 6, India shot down an unmanned Pakistani spy plane. Pres. Vajpayee met with PM Tony Blair in New Delhi.
    (SFC, 1/7/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 8, India and Pakistan traded fire on their Kashmir border.
    (WSJ, 1/9/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 9, A US KC-130 aerial refueler crashed at Kharan, Pakistan, and all 7 marines aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 12, Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf vowed to crack down on militant Islamists using Pakistan as a base of operations in Kashmir. Musharraf also announced new regulations on education criteria for the estimated 6,000 madrassas, the Islamic schools.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/21/02, p.A10)

2002        Jan 14, In Pakistan police continued a round-up of Islamic militants and increased the number of detainees to nearly 1,500.
    (SFC, 1/15/02, p.A10)

2002        Jan 16, The government announced electoral reforms and freed non-Muslims to vote along with the Islamic majority. Lower house seats were increased to 350 from 237 and college graduation was made a requirement for candidates.
    (SFC, 1/17/02, p.A13)

2002        Jan 16, Pakistan police arrested 5 al Qaeda members in Punjab province as they attempted to flee disguised under burqas.
    (SFC, 1/18/02, p.A18)

2002        Jan 21, In Kashmir 21 people died in violence.
    (WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 23, Daniel Pearl, Wall Street Journal reporter, was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, by the "National Movement for the Restoration of Pakistani Sovereignty." A deadline to kill him was extended a day pending 4 demands that included: the return of Pakistanis in Cuba; access to lawyers for Pakistani detainees in the US; the return of a former Taliban ambassador; and the release of F-16 jets purchased by Pakistan in the 1980s. Ahmad Omar Saeed Sheikh became the chief suspect. Pearl was later murdered. In 2011 a Pearl Project report said at least 14 of 27 people involved in abducting and murdered Pearl were thought to remain free. And that four who have been convicted could be released if their appeal is ever heard because of false and contradictory evidence used in their trial.
    (SFC, 1/28/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A6)(SFC, 2/1/02, p.A24)(SFC, 2/8/02, p.A18)(AP, 1/20/11)

2002        Jan 24, Pres. Musharraf announced legislative elections for October.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A14)

2002        Jan, Pakistan banned the militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba.
    (WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)

2002        Feb 2, In Pakistan police arrested 2 people in Karachi linked to the Jan 23 kidnapping of WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl.
    (SSFC, 2/3/02, p.A7)

2002        Feb 5, In Pakistan 2 men associated with the kidnapping of journalist Daniel Pearl were arrested in a Karachi suburb. Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh (28), Islamic militant, turned himself in to Ejah Shah, the home secretary in Punjab province.
    (SFC, 2/6/02, p.A14)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)

2002        Feb 8, Interim Afghan leader Hamid Karzai met with Pakistan Pres. Musharraf in Islamabad and they agreed to bury past misunderstandings.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A14)

2002        Feb 9, The US and Pakistan signed an agreement to enhance defense cooperation.
    (SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A19)

2002        Feb 12, In Pakistan police arrested Ahmed Saeed Sheikh, the prime suspect in the kidnapping of WSJ reported Daniel Pearl. Pakistan charged 3 men in connection with the kidnapping. They and a fourth man were later convicted of Pearl's murder.
    (SFC, 2/13/02, p.A18)(AP, 2/11/03)

2002        Feb 13, Pres. Bush welcomed Pres. Musharraf to the White House. Musharraf sought a revival of arms deals and relaxed tariffs on textiles. The Bush administration agreed to $142 million in trade benefits.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A10)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 13, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh (28), Islamic militant, said he believed WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl was dead. Sheikh said Pearl was shot and killed during a failed escape attempt on Jan 31.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A8)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)

2002        Feb 19, It was reported that Pakistan had begun disbanding the Afghan and Kashmir units of its Inter-Services Intelligence agency.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A14)

2002        Feb 21, It was acknowledged that WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl was dead after a video was received that showed an assailant slash his throat.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Feb 22, Pakistan complained over the US sale to India of surveillance radar, the AN/TPQ-36 Firefinder system.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A14)

2002        Feb 26, Gunmen killed 11 people and wounded 17 others in an attack on the Shiite Sha-e-Najaf mosque in Rawalpindi. The Sunni group Army of the Prophet’s Companions was believed responsible.
    (SFC, 2/27/02, p.A9)(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A14)

2002        Feb 28, A gunmen attacked a police bus in a bid to free prisoners that included a suspect in the slaying of Daniel Pearl. A policeman and a prisoner were killed.
    (WSJ, 3/1/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 4, In Kashmir separatist violence left at least 17 people dead. This included 8 Islamic militants killed by Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)

2002        Mar 8, Pakistan prepared to expel thousands of foreign students studying at religious schools.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A13)

2002        Mar 11, Shakeel Anwar, head of the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi extremist group, was killed in a gun battle with police. He was wanted in the slaying of 38 people including a former foreign minister.
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A10)

2002        Mar 14, Pres. Musharraf said the war in Afghanistan is over. The 12 day Operation Anaconda left as many as 800 enemy fighters dead.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A14)

2002        Mar 17, In Islamabad, Pakistan, 2 attackers hurled grenades into a Protestant Int’l. Church and 5 people were killed including a US Embassy employee, Barbara Green, and her daughter Kristen Wormsley (17). Investigators later believed that the attack was by a lone suicide bomber, one of the dead.
    (SFC, 3/18/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/19/02, p.A10)

2002        Mar 20, In Pakistan Gen. Musharraf met with members of the Muslim League and planned a referendum to support his rule for another 5 years. Civilian opposition leaders condemned the plan.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A13)

2002        Mar 23, Members of the Alliance for Restoration of Democracy were arrested and a rally for the ouster of Pres. Gen. Musharraf was blocked.
    (SSFC, 3/24/02, p.A22)

2002        Mar 28, In Pakistan police in Faisalabad and Lahore seized over 40 suspects in the Islamabad bombing. At least 2 suspects were killed in Faisalabad. Abu Zubaydah, a top al Qaeda commander, was among those arrested.
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A10)(SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A17)(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A7)
2002        Mar 28, Tikka Khan (87), former army chief, died. He was known as the “Butcher of Bengal" for his 1971 crackdown on Bengali separatists.
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A24)

2002        Apr 3, Gen. Musharraf visited Afghanistan and presented Hamid Karzai with a $10 million donation.
    (SFC, 4/3/02, p.A8)

2002        Apr 10, Binyam Mohamed (b.1978), an Ethiopian citizen who had lived in Britain for 7 years, was arrested in Pakistan. He was held incommunicado in Pakistan, Morocco and Afghanistan and then was taken to Guantanamo Bay in 2004 for internment.
    (Econ, 2/7/09, p.49)(www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/08/torture-humanrights)

2002        Apr 25, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a Shiite mosque in Bukker, Punjab, and 12 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A14)

2002        Apr 30, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf won a resounding mandate for 5 more years in office, but the turnout was estimated at only 25-30%. Published figures showed 97.7% support and over 50% turnout and much voter fraud was alleged.
    (SFC, 5/1/02, p.A10)(SFC, 5/2/02, p.A10)

2002        May 2, A bomb exploded in Karachi and a boy (12) was killed.
    (SFC, 5/3/02, p.A12)

2002        May 8, In Pakistan a bomb destroyed a shuttle bus in Karachi. 11 of 14 dead were French naval engineers helping to build a submarine for Pakistan. Asif Zaheer and Mohammad Rizwan, who allegedly belonged to Al-Qaeda-linked extremist group Harkatul Mujahideen al-Aalmi, were found guilty in 2003 of assisting the suicide attack which also killed 3 Pakistanis. In May, 2009, a Pakistan court acquitted the two men sentenced to death over the bombing. Mohammad Sohail Habib, who also allegedly belonged to Al-Qaeda-linked extremist group Harkatul Mujahideen al-Aalmi, was sentenced to death in his absence in 2003 for assisting the suicide attack. Sohail was arrested in 2005 but was acquitted after a six-month re-trial in an anti-terrorism court ordered on appeal by the high court. In October, 2009, a Pakistani court acquitted Soheil for lack of evidence.
    (SFC, 5/8/02, p.A17)(SFC, 5/8/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/9/02, p.A1)(AFP, 5/5/09)(AFP, 10/30/09)
2002        May 8, Abdullah Al Mujahir, also known as Jose Padilla, was arrested as he flew from Pakistan into Chicago's O'Hare International Airport. Padilla was alleged to be al-Qaida connected and suspected of plotting to build and detonate a radioactive ''dirty'' bomb in an attack in the United States. A public announcement of his arrest was delayed until Jun 10. In 2008 Padilla was sentenced to just over 17 years in prison for terrorism-related charges. Adham Amin Hassoun was sentenced to over 15 years for recruiting Padilla. Kifah Wael Jayyousi was sentenced to over 12 years for financing the al-Qaida cell.
    (AP, 6/10/02)(SFC, 1/23/08, p.A4)

2002        May 14, In Kashmir 3 Islamic militant attacked an Indian army base and  killed 34 civilians and soldiers in Kaluchak. India held Pakistan responsible.
    (SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)

2002        May 16, In Karachi police uncovered a body believed to be WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A11)

2002        May 18, India and Pakistan traded fire for a 2nd day across the Line of Control. India gave its Pakistan ambassador 1 week to return home and bombarded 13 sectors in Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A11)

2002        May 19, Weekend fighting in Kashmir between India and Pakistan left at least 15 people killed.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A8)

2002        May 20, Palestine called for int’l. monitors for the Kashmir border. 2 Indian soldiers were killed in fighting.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)

2002        May 21, Fighting between Indian and Pakistan soldiers in Kashmir killed 9 civilians and wounded 7 others. Gunmen in Srinagar assassinated Abdul Ghani Lone (70), a moderate Kashmiri separatist leader.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A13)(WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)

2002        May 25, Pakistan tested a medium-range Ghauri missile. Mortar fire was traded with India on the Kashmir border and 3 suspected Islamic militants were killed along with 2 Indian soldiers.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)
2002        May 25, Pres. Bush and Putin pressured Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf to stop incursions into Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)

2002        May 28, Pakistan test-fired a short-range missile, the 3rd test in 4 days.
    (SFC, 5/28/02, p.A6)

2002        May 29, In Kashmir cross-border shelling killed at least 23 people and wounded 17.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 1, The UN ordered its employees in India and Pakistan to evacuate their families over a growing concern of war.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A12)

2002        Jun 3, Pakistan blocked financial assistance to 115 Islamic schools for their alleged involvement in militancy and violence.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)
2002        Jun 3, India and Pakistan exchanged fire in Kashmir and at least 8 civilians were killed and 23 injured.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 5, India PM Vajpayee said his country would consider jointly monitoring the disputed Kashmir border with Pakistan. Pakistan rejected India’s proposal for joint patrols in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 6/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 7, Pakistan reported that it had shot down an unmanned Indian spy plane.
    (SFC, 6/8/02, p.A10)

2002        Jun 10, India eased tensions with Pakistan as it lifted a 5-month ban on Pakistani aircraft flying over it and pulled back a naval flotilla from the Pakistani coast.
    (SFC, 6/11/02, p.A10)

2002        Jun 14, In Pakistan suicide bomber blew up a truck at the US consulate in Karachi killed 14 people and injured many more. No Americans were believed killed. The Bush administration planned to evaluate how many U.S. personnel should be kept in Pakistan. The Lashkar-e-Omar coalition, formed in January, was blamed.
    (AP, 6/14/02)(SFC, 6/14/02, p.19)(SFC, 6/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/14/03)

2002        Jun 14, In Kashmir India and Pakistan continued cross border shelling. Pakistan reported Indian shelling killed 6 civilians, including 3 children.
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 21, In Kashmir 13 suspected Islamic militants were killed in the Indian-controlled section. Rebels killed Ghulam Rasool, a member of the governing national Conference Party. In the Pakistan-controlled section a sniper opened fire on a truck carrying 22 people and 10 were killed when it plunged into a ravine.
    (SFC, 6/22/02, p.A6)

2002        Jun 22, In Meerwala, Pakistan, Mukhtar Mai (18) was gang raped in the Punjab on orders from a tribal council after her brother (13) was accused of socializing with a higher-caste Mastoi girl. It was later reported that the affair was fabricated to cover up sodomy of boy by Mastoi tribesmen. Six death sentences were handed down for the crime on Sep 1. In 2005 a lower court overturned 5 convictions, but Pakistan’s high court threw out the acquittal. In 2009 Mukhtar Mai married the police officer who was assigned to protect her as her case gained notoriety, becoming his 2nd wife. On april 21, 2011, Pakistan's Supreme Court freed five men accused in the gang-rape. The ruling left just one of the initial 14 suspects in prison.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A10)(SFC, 7/12/02, p.A13)(Reuters, 9/1/02)(AP, 3/11/05)(AP, 3/18/09)(AP, 4/21/11)

2002        Jun 26, Ten Pakistani soldiers and two suspected al Qaeda militants were killed in a gun battle in the lawless tribal area bordering Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 6/26/02)(SFC, 6/27/02, p.A9)

2002        Jun 29, Pakistan issued a "most wanted" list of 10 suspected Islamic militants and offered big rewards for their capture in connection with the killing of U.S. reporter Daniel Pearl and the bombing of Western targets.
    (Reuters, 6/29/02)

2002        Jul 3, In Pakistan security forces killed 4 al Qaeda fighters near the Afghan border at Germa. 3 security men were killed. A land dispute broke out in Northern Waziristan near the Afghan border and 21 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A10)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 13, In Mansahra, northern Pakistan, 9 foreigners and three Pakistanis were hurt when an unidentified assailant hurled a hand grenade at a tourist party.
    (Reuters, 7/13/02)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A20)

2002        Jul 15, A court in Pakistan sentenced British-born Islamic militant Sheikh Ahmed Omar Saeed to death for the kidnap and murder of U.S. reporter Daniel Pearl, drawing a threat of reprisals and calls for Muslims to respond. A Pakistani judge convicted four Islamic militants in the kidnap-slaying of Wall Street Journal correspondent Daniel Pearl.
    (Reuters, 7/15/02)(SFC, 7/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/15/03)

2002        Jul 16, In India-controlled Kashmir a grenade wounded at least 13 people in Anantnag.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A7)

2002        Jul 18, In Pakistan Anwar Kenneth (40), a Christian, was convicted of blasphemy and sentenced to death by hanging. He had called Islam a fake religion and said he was Jesus Christ.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)

2002        Jul 27, In Pakistan a court sentenced Wajihul Hassan (27) to death for making derogatory comments about the prophet Mohammed and Islam.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A14)

2002        Aug 5, Six Pakistanis were killed and at least three people wounded when masked men burst into the compound of a Christian missionary school near the town of Murree and opened fire.
    (Reuters, 8/5/02)

2002        Aug 9, Three Pakistani nurses were killed when militants lobbed two grenades at a crowd of women leaving a missionary hospital chapel, the second assault on a Christian target in Pakistan in less than a week.
    (AP, 8/9/02)

2002        Aug 21, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf announced sweeping changes to the Constitution that boosted the power of his authoritarian regime. His decrees included a security council that institutionalized the military’s role in government; power to fire the prime minister and dissolve the legislature; a requirement for all candidates to have university degrees.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)

2002        Aug 23, Pakistan accused India of launching a heavy ground an air attack on northern Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.A8)

2002        Sep 8, In eastern Pakistan 4 suspected militants, including two linked to a bloody attack on a church last year, were killed in a shootout with the police.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)

2002        Sep 11, In Karachi, Pakistan, 2 al Qaeda suspects were killed and 5 captured after security forces stormed an apartment. Key al Qaeda member Ramzi Bin al-Shibh, who is wanted by Germany for his alleged role in planning and carrying out the 2001 hijacked plane attacks on the US, was arrested after a long running gun battle. Also captured were the sons, ages 7 & 9, of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, the man accused of plotting the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks in the US. Mohammed was captured six months later in Pakistan and was sent to a CIA black site in Poland.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/14/02)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramzi_bin_al-Shibh)(SFC, 1/29/20, p.A7)

2002        Sep 25, In Pakistan the Islamic Martyrs Brigade (Lashkar Fedayan-e-Islami) held a secret meeting in Peshawar and announced planned suicide attacks against American troops in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A18)
2002        Sep 25, In Pakistan 2 gunmen burst into the offices of a Christian welfare organization in the city of Karachi and opened fire, killing six people, three of them Christians, and wounding two others.
    (Reuters, 9/25/02)(SFC, 9/26/02, p.A22)
2002        Sep 25, Indian forces killed five suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan as new tensions were stoked between the nuclear rivals over an attack on an Indian temple.
    (AP, 9/25/02)

2002        Sep 26, In Pakistan a passenger train derailed as it crossed a weakened bridge in the southwest, killing 16 people and injuring 70 others.
    (AP, 9/26/02)

2002        Oct 4, Pakistan said it successfully test-fired a medium-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It was named Hatf-IV (Shaheen-1) and had a range of 700 km (430 miles).
    (AP, 10/4/02)

2002        Oct 10, Pakistan held elections under emergency laws imposed by General Musharraf in 1999. 4 people were killed and at least 42 wounded in clashes at several polling stations during an election meant to return the country to civilian rule. A party loyal to President Pervez Musharraf emerged on top in elections which were dismissed as flawed by EU observers. The United Action Forum, a coalition of 6 Islamist parties, won 51 of 272 seats and secured control of 2 of 4 provincial assemblies. The PPP won at least 70 of the seats. All the Islamist parties combined won 11% of the popular vote.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A10)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.50)

2002        Oct 18, Pakistan matched India’s pledge to demobilize along the border.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 29, Gul Rahman, suspected of links to al-Qaida, was picked up from a home in Islamabad and taken with four other people to a CIA black site called the Salt Pit near the Kabul Airport. He was stripped naked, doused in cold water and then left to die in the CIA-run prison. Rahman died Nov. 20, 2002, but his identity was not known until revealed by an Associated Press investigation in March 2010.
    (AP, 1/5/11)

2002        Nov 3, A moderate earthquake jolted northern Pakistan, killing seven people and injuring 30, many of them critically.
    (AP, 11/3/02)

2002        Nov 14, Pakistani Aimal Khan Kasi (Kansi) was put to death by injection at a prison in Jarratt, Va., for the slayings of two CIA employees in 1993. [see Nov 14, 1997]
    (AP, 11/14/03)(Econ, 3/10/07, TQ p.29)

2002        Nov 21, In Pakistan Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali, a moderate government loyalist, was elected PM.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A11)
2002        Nov 21, In northern Pakistan a 5.5 earthquake hit the Gilgit region and at least 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A18)

2002        Nov 25, Pakistan's military said it had killed and wounded several Indian troops in the heaviest exchange of fire across the military control line in disputed Kashmir in recent days.
    (AP, 11/25/02)

2002        Dec 5, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at the Macedonian Consulate and 3 people were killed. Revenge for a Mar 2 killing of 7 militants in Skopje was suspected.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.A16)

2002        Dec 11, A Pakistan human rights group said 461 women had been killed this year by family members in so-called honor killings in Punjab and Sindh, up from 372 last year.
    (SFC, 12/12/02, p.A14)

2002        Dec 19, In Pakistan Asif Ramzi, a member of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, died with 3 others in a covert bomb-making facility in Karachi.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.A24)

2002        Dec 21, In Pakistan 2 people were killed in Hyderabad when a bomb ripped through their bus.
    (Reuters, 12/21/02)

2002        Dec 25, In Pakistan a grenade killed a girl and two other worshippers at a church in the village of Chianwala, about 40 miles northwest of Lahore.
    (AP, 12/25/02)(WSJ, 12/26/02, p.A1)

2002        Pakistan formally banned Sipah-e-Sahaba (SSP), its largest Sunni sectarian group. It later changed its name to Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat and continued to spread hatred against Shias.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.45)
2002        Geo News, a Dubai-based Pakistani TV news channel, got its broadcasting license. It began broadcasting in November 2005 and soon became the darling of the army and religious right.
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.36)
2002        Geeta, a deaf-mute Indian girl, wandered into Pakistan and became stranded there for the next 13 years. During her time there, she was cared for by the Edhi Foundation, a Pakistani charity. In 2015 she was returned to India after identifying photographs of a family based in the northern Indian state of Bihar as being hers.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)

2003        Jan 10, It was reported that an estimated 3,000 Pakistani boys are sold each year to the gulf states to work as camel jockeys.
    (SFC, 1/10/03, p.A17)

2003        Jan 25, Pakistan marked its entry into the space age when its first communication satellite, PAKSAT-I, formally began operations.
    (AP, 1/25/03)

2003        Jan 27, India and Pakistan resumed shelling along the Kashmir border, and New Delhi warned Pakistan it would be "erased from the world map" if Islamabad used nuclear weapons against India.
    (AP, 1/28/03)

2003        Feb 4, In central Pakistan fireworks being loaded into shipping containers caught fire, setting off a series of powerful explosions that killed at least 17 people, including two children, and injured dozens.
    (AP, 2/4/03)

2003        Feb 5, The Israeli military demolished the home of a Palestinian militant in the Gaza Strip, killing an elderly woman inside, while in the West Bank, troops shot dead a Palestinian policeman.
    (AP, 2/5/03)

2003          Feb 19, In Pakistan heavy rains fell for a 5th day and left over 26 people dead. The country had experienced 5 years of drought.
    (SFC, 2/20/03, A9)

2003          Feb 20, In Pakistan a military plane crashed into a mountainside in a remote northwestern region, killing all 17 people on board, including the chief of the air force, Mushaf Ali Mir (57).
    (AP, 2/20/03)

2003          Feb 22, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan invited India to join their $3.2-billion natural gas pipeline project, indicating the plan would not be economically viable without New Delhi’s participation.
    (AP, 2/22/03)
2003          Feb 22, In southern Pakistan gunmen opened fire inside a Shiite mosque, killing at least 9 worshippers and injuring at least 10 others.
    (AP, 2/22/03)(SSFC, 2/23/03, A17)

2003          Mar 1, In Pakistan a joint raid outside Islamabad by CIA and Pakistani agents led to the arrest of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Khaled Sheikh Mohammed), the suspected mastermind of the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks, along with 2 others. Documents and computer files later revealed that the al Qaeda biochemical weapons program was well advanced.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A1)

2003          Mar 2, In Karachi, Pakistan, religious coalitions joined tens of thousands of others in a march to protest a possible U.S.-led war against Iraq.
    (AP, 3/3/03)

2003          Mar 7, Pakistan’s Baluchistan provincial home minister said that two sons  of Osama bin Laden, Saad and Hamza bin Laden, were arrested in southwestern Afghanistan. The report was later proved false.
    (AP, 3/7/03)

2003          Mar 9, In Rawalpindi, Pakistan, hundreds of thousands of people protested a possible US war with Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.A11)

2003        Mar 15, In Pakistan authorities near Lahore arrested Yassir al-Jaziri, a suspected key al-Qaeda figure.
    (SFC, 3/16/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 26, India test-fired a short-range missile capable of carrying a nuclear weapon, and Pakistan immediately announced it had tested a similar missile.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 26, In India gunmen fatally shot a senior Hindu nationalist in western Gujarat state.
    (AP, 3/26/03)

2003        Mar 31, In southern Pakistan gunmen in paramilitary uniforms shot dead 12 people and wounded 26 others in an attack linked to a tribal feud.
    (AP, 3/31/03)

2003        Mar, Majid Khan, a 1999 graduate of a Baltimore-area high school, was seized in Pakistan and held until 2006 in secret CIA custody. In September 2006, US authorities transferred him and other high-value detainees to Guantanamo, where they may be charged and face prosecution under a new military tribunal system.
    (AP, 12/9/07)

2003        Apr 14, Four Islamic militants were convicted in a deadly bombing outside the U.S. Consulate in Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/14/04)

2003        Apr 19, A Pakistani helicopter flying over tribal areas in southern Pakistan came under fire from the ground, injuring three US officials and four Pakistani army personnel.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2003        Apr 25, A Pakistani army helicopter crashed into a mountain in northern Pakistan, killing all 13 military personnel on board.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2003        Apr 29, Pakistani police arrested six men linked to al-Qaida, including a Yemeni man, Tawfiq Attash Khallad, wanted in connection with the Sept. 11 attacks and the bombing of the USS Cole.
    (AP, 4/30/03)(WSJ, 5/1/03, A1)

2003        Apr, Amrat Cola was launched in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.D1)

2003        May 2, India and Pakistan agreed to hold talks and restore diplomatic and air links.
    (AP, 5/2/03)(WSJ, 5/5/03, p.A1)

2003        May 5, Pakistan will get rid of its nuclear arsenal if rival India does as well, a Pakistani Foreign Ministry spokesman said.
    (AP, 5/6/03)

2003        May 15, In Karachi, Pakistan, a series of explosions shook 18 Shell gas stations, slightly injuring four employees.
    (AP, 5/15/03)

2003        May 28, Pakistani police arrested about three dozen opposition lawmakers from a provincial assembly during two protests against constitutional changes made by Pakistan's president to increase his power.
    (AP, 5/28/03)

2003        Jun 1, In Pakistan the Islamist-ruled Northwest Frontier province passed legislation to adopt Shariah as the supreme law. A day earlier 5-times-a-day prayer was made compulsory.
    (SFC, 6/3/03, p.A8)
2003        Jun 1, In southern Pakistan a motorboat taking people on a sightseeing trip sank in a lake, killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 6/1/03)

2003        Jun 8, In Quetta, Pakistan, near the Afghan border 2 gunmen on motorcycles sprayed a group of policemen with machine-gun fire, killing at least 11 officers and wounding 9.
    (AP, 6/8/03)

2003          Jun 24, Pres. Bush met with Pakistan's Pres. Musharraf and promised a $3 billion aid package that did no included F-16s.
    (WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)

2003        Jun 30, Pakistan's new ambassador to India arrived to take up his post, saying his country was ready to restore normal ties with its nuclear rival after a gap of 18 months.
    (AP, 6/30/03)

2003        Jul 4, In Quetta, Pakistan, 3 assassins attacked a Shiite Muslim mosque and killed 44 worshippers during prayers. Angry Shiites rioted in the streets burning cars and tires.
    (SFC, 7/5/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/6/03)(SSFC, 7/6/03, p.A6)

2003        Jul 11, India and Pakistan resumed bus service, a transportation link that was disrupted 18 months earlier due to threats of war.
    (AP, 7/11/03)

2003        Jul 21, Monsoon rains were reported to have killed at least 579 people in South Asia. India reported a total of 263 deaths, Bangladesh 169, Pakistan 78, and Nepal 69.
    (AP, 7/21/03)

2003        Jul 25, In eastern Pakistan police commandos stormed a jail after five prisoners took nine visiting judges and 50 female detainees hostage, officials said. The raid ended the drama, but left three of the justices dead.
    (AP, 7/25/03)

2003        Aug 3, In northern Pakistan dynamite used for building a water channel blew up in a village, killing at least 45 people and injuring 150 others.
    (AP, 8/3/03)

2003        Aug 10, India's prime minister called for an end to bloodshed between Pakistan and India in a statement read before a peace conference in Islamabad.
    (AP, 8/10/03)
2003        Aug 10, In Pakistan gunmen on motorcycles opened fire on a van in the southern port city of Karachi, killing five people.
    (AP, 8/10/03)

2003        Aug 14, A Greek oil tanker that ran aground Jul 27 off the port city of Karachi broke apart, but officials said the worst was over and rich fishing grounds nearby were not threatened. The ship carried 378,000 to 450,000 gallons. It leaked an estimated 12,000 metric tons.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A3)

2003        Aug 16, In southern Pakistan unidentified gunmen shot to death Ibn-e-Hasan (45), a Shiite Muslim doctor, sparking rowdy protests by hundreds of youths.
    (AP, 8/16/03)

2003        Aug 25, In India consecutive bombs exploded in a crowded jewelry market and a historical landmark in Bombay, killed 53 people, wounding 150 others. The Student’s Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) was believed responsible. Ashrat Shafiq Mohammed Ansari, Syed Mohammed Haneef Abdul Rahim and his wife Fahmeeda Syed Mohammed Haneef were arrested under India's tough anti-terrorism law shortly after the attacks. All 3 were convicted in 2009 after Judge M.R. Puranic said they were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, a banned, Pakistan-based militant group formed in the 1980s.
    (WSJ, 8/27/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.39)(AP, 8/25/08)(AP, 7/27/09)

2003        Sep 20, In central Pakistan a train slammed into a bus, killing 27 people and injuring 6.
    (AP, 9/20/03)

2003        Sep 24, India rejected Pakistan's invitation to negotiate a settlement concerning the disputed province of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/25/03)

2003        Sep 26, Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan (85), head of Pakistan's main opposition alliance and one of its greatest democracy advocates, died.
    (AP, 9/27/03)

2003        Oct 2, Pakistan's army launched its largest offensive against al-Qaida and other militants in a rugged tribal region bordering Afghanistan, killing at least 12 suspects.
    (AP, 10/2/03)

2003        Oct 3, Pakistan test-launched a missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead, saying it was the first in a series of tests scheduled for the next few days.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 3, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Shiite Muslim employees of Pakistan's space agency, killing six and wounding at least six others.
    (AP, 10/3/03)

2003        Oct 6, In Pakistan gunmen assassinated Maulana Azam Tariq, a hardline Sunni Muslim politician and four other people, spraying their car with automatic weapon-fire before fleeing.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2003        Oct 18, In Karachi, Pakistani, attackers riding motorcycles opened fire at a restaurant, killing three people in apparent gang violence.
    (AP, 10/19/03)

2003        Oct, Pakistan security operatives arrested Javed Hashmi, head of the 15-party Alliance for the Restoration of Democracy, for treason and attempting to incite rebellion among the armed forces. 9 days earlier he had gone public with an anonymous letter, purportedly from army officials, that challenged Pres. Musharraf's cooperation with the US.
    (SFC, 3/23/04, p.F1)

2003        Nov 22, Five Pakistani prisoners arrived home after being freed by American authorities from the US detention facility in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2003        Nov 25, The Indian and Pakistani armies agreed to stop firing across their frontier, including in disputed Kashmir, starting at midnight in a further easing of tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 11/25/03)

2003        Dec 1, India and Pakistan agreed to restore airline overflight and landing rights by Jan. 1, 2004.
    (AP, 12/1/04)

2003        Dec 14, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf survived an assassination attempt when a bomb exploded on a bridge just after his motorcade crossed. In 2005 a military court found 6 air force personnel guilty of trying to assassinate Musharraf and 4 were sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A6)(WSJ, 10/5/05, p.A1)

2003        Dec 15, In Pakistan police arrested 10 people suspected of links to the Taliban and al-Qaida in two nighttime raids at Rawalpindi.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

2003        Dec 22, Pakistan acknowledged that some scientists participating in its nuclear program may have been involved in the proliferation of sensitive technology.
    (AP, 12/22/03)

2003        Dec 24, Pakistan's Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf agreed to step down as head of the armed forces by the end of 2004, part of a deal with the hardline Islamic opposition to end a long standoff that has stalled this nation's return to democracy. Musharraf also agreed to scale back some of the special powers he decreed himself after taking power in a 1999 military coup.
    (AP, 12/24/03)

2003        Dec 25, In Pakistan bombers set off 2 massive blasts near Pres. Pervez Musharraf's motorcade, killing 15 people in the 2nd assassination attempt against Musharraf in 11 days. The president was unhurt, but at least 46 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 12/25/03)(SFC, 12/26/03, p.A1)

2003        Pakistan’s population was 77% Sunni and 20% Shiite.
    (Econ, 11/29/03, p.40)

2004        Jan 1, Pakistan's Pervez Musharraf won a vote of confidence that supporters hailed as the final step on the general's journey from dictator to democrat. Opponents derided the proceedings, which will keep the Pakistani leader in power as president until 2007.
    (AP, 1/1/04)
2004        Jan 1, A Pakistani airline flew from Lahore to New Delhi and back, re-establishing a commercial link that was cut by a war scare in 2002.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 3, India's PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee made a historic visit to Pakistan ahead of a key South Asian summit, greeted with a warm handshake by PM Zafarullah Khan Jamali. The airport ceremony would have been unimaginable just one year ago.
    (AP, 1/3/04)

2004        Jan 5, Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf held much-anticipated, face-to-face talks with Indian leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee on the sidelines of a South Asian summit.
    (AP, 1/5/04)

2004        Jan 6, India and Pakistan agreed on talks to formally tackle all issues including Kashmir.
    (WSJ, 1/7/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 15, India and Pakistan, resumed rail services across their border. The frontier had been closed for 2 years.
    (SFC, 1/16/04, p.A16)
2004        Jan 15, In Karachi, Pakistan, a car bomb blew up outside a Christian Bible society, injuring 12 people.
    (AP, 1/15/04)

2004        Jan 18, Pakistani agents arrested seven al-Qaida suspects and confiscated weapons during a raid in the southern city of Karachi.
    (AP, 1/18/04)

2004        Jan 26, Pakistan joined the list of countries affected by the bird flu disease that has sparked mass chicken culls across the region.
    (AP, 1/26/04)

2004        Feb 2, Pakistan said Abdul Qadeer Khan, the founder of its nuclear program, has acknowledged in a written statement that he sent sensitive technology to Iran, Libya and North Korea to aid their atomic programs.
    (AP, 2/2/04)

2004        Feb 5, Pakistan's Pres. Musharraf pardoned Abdul Qadeer Khan after Kahn absolved Islamabad of selling nuclear secrets to Iran.
    (WSJ, 2/6/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 14, In northern Pakistan two strong earthquakes triggered landslides and toppled walls that killed at least 24 people and injured about 30 others.
    (AP, 2/15/04)(AP, 2/16/04)

2004        Feb 16, India and Pakistan began historic meetings aimed at preparing for a sustained peace dialogue on Kashmir and other disputes.
    (AP, 2/16/04)

2004        Feb 17, India and Pakistan reached a broad agreement on the timetable for sustained peace talks on disputed Kashmir and other tough issues separating the South Asian neighbors.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2004        Feb 22, US and British special forces reportedly had cornered Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in a mountainous area in northwest Pakistan, near the Afghanistan border.
    (AP, 2/22/04)

2004        Feb 28, In Pakistan a suicide attacker blew himself up in a Shiite Muslim mosque in a city near Islamabad.
    (AP, 2/28/04)

2004        Mar 2, In Pakistan firing and suicide attack on Shiite Muslims in an Ashura procession in Quetta claimed 45 lives.

2004        Mar 3, Pakistani authorities detained at least 15 tribal leaders in a remote border region near Afghanistan for failing to turn over suspected al-Qaida fugitives.
    (AP, 3/3/04)

2004        Mar 9, Pakistan tested its longest-range missile yet, capable of carrying a nuclear warhead and hitting targets deep inside neighboring India.
    (AP, 3/9/04)

2004        Mar 10, India's cricketers arrived for their first full tour of Pakistan in 14 years.
    (AP, 3/10/04)

2004        Mar 13, In Pakistan the India cricket team beat a Pakistan team at Karachi's National Stadium in a match that came down to the final ball.
    (SSFC, 3/14/04, p.A15)

2004        Mar 15, Pakistani police diffused a large bomb inside a van parked in front of the US Consulate in Karachi.
    (SFC, 3/16/04, p.A3)

2004        Mar 16, Hundreds of Pakistani troops clashed with tribesmen suspected of sheltering al-Qaida and Taliban fugitives near the Afghan border. At least 15 paramilitary soldiers and 24 suspects including some foreigners presumed to be members of al-Qaida, were killed in the raid on a mud-brick compound at Kaloosha.
    (AP, 3/16/04)(AP, 3/17/04)

2004        Mar 19, Thousands of Pakistani army reinforcements joined a major offensive in tribal border villages where al-Qaida's No. 2 leader, Ayman al-Zawahri and hundreds of other militants are believed surrounded.
    (AP, 3/19/04)

2004        Mar 20, The Pakistani military commander leading a five-day assault on armed militants holed up in mud fortresses said a "high-value" terror suspect remained inside, possibly wounded, but there was no way to know whether it was al-Qaida No. 2 Ayman al-Zawahri. The government death toll reached 34.
    (AP, 3/20/04)(SFC, 3/20/04, p.A10)
2004        Mar 20, The hunt for terrorists on Pakistan's frontier appears to be narrowing on an Uzbek terror group that once trained in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/20/04)

2004        Mar 21, Pakistani forces agreed to allow a 25-member tribal council free passage into a battle zone in an effort to negotiate a peace deal with local elders sheltering hundreds of al-Qaida fighters. Up to 6,000 Pakistani forces were engaged with some 500 foreign militants, in the Wana area of South Waziristan. The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) was suspected to be involved.
    (AP, 3/21/04)(SFC, 3/22/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 22, In Pakistan assailants launched two rocket attacks on government forces on the edge of a bloody offensive against al-Qaida militants and 15 soldiers were killed near Sarwakai. A mile-long tunnel from a tribal compound toward the Afghan border was discovered.
    (AP, 3/23/04)(WSJ, 3/23/04, p.A1)(SFC, 4/2/04, p.A11)

2004        Mar 25, An Indian court sentenced four Pakistanis to death for "waging war" against India after they were caught smuggling the deadly explosive RDX into the country in 1999.
    (AP, 3/25/04)

2004        Mar 26, The bodies of 8 Pakistani soldiers, executed by Al Qaeda-linked militants, were found near Wana. They had been taken hostage in fighting near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/27/04)

2004        Apr 2, Pakistan's 2-week operation in South Waziristan wound down. The military said 63 foreign and local militants had been killed along with at least 46 security forces.
    (SFC, 4/2/04, p.A11)

2004        Apr 4, In Pakistan suspected Islamic extremists stormed a police station in the city of Karachi and killed 5 police, forcing their victims to recite Quranic verses before shooting them.
    (AP, 4/4/04)

2004        Apr 5, Pakistan gave tribesmen 2 weeks to expel foreign terrorists.
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.A3)

2004        Apr 17, In southern Pakistan assailants opened fire on a vehicle, killing four Afghans and wounding another person.
    (AP, 4/17/04)

2004        Apr 21, Sami Yousifzai, Pakistani journalist, was detained along with American freelance journalist Eliza Griswold and their hired driver at a military checkpoint in the Northwest Frontier province. Griswold was soon released.
    (SFC, 5/25/04, p.A6)

2004        Apr 28, Pakistan said it will reduce the size of its army by 50,000, but military officials said this 1st reduction in its 57-year history men will not hurt fighting strength.
    (AP, 4/28/04)

2004        Apr, India unveiled its Cold Start program, a new offensive doctrine intended to allow it to mobilize quickly and undertake limited retaliatory attacks on its neighbor, without crossing Pakistan's nuclear threshold.

2004        May 3, A car packed with explosives went off as a bus carried Chinese engineers to a port project in remote southwestern Pakistan, killing 3 of them and injuring 11 other people.
    (AP, 5/3/04)

2004        May 4, Pakistan and China signed a deal for the construction of a nuclear power plant, the second such plant to be built in Pakistan with Beijing's help.
    (AP, 5/4/04)

2004        May 7, In Karachi, Pakistan, a bomb exploded at a Shiite Muslim mosque packed with worshippers, killing 13 people and wounding more than 200 in a suspected suicide attack.
    (AP, 5/7/04)

2004        May 11, In Pakistan Shabaz Shariff, the brother of deposed PM Nawaz Sharif, was deported to Saudi Arabia 90 minutes after landing in Lahore.
    (SFC, 5/12/04, p.A9)

2004        May 22, The Commonwealth of Britain and its former colonies lifted a four-year suspension of Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/22/04)

2004        May 25, Officials in southern Pakistan reported that 9 people have died and 1,600 have been sickened after drinking contaminated water from a state-operated reservoir.
    (AP, 5/25/04)

2004        May 26, In Pakistan 2 cars exploded minutes apart outside an English-language school near the U.S. consul's residence in Karachi, killing a policeman and wounding 25 other people.
    (AP, 5/26/04)

2004        May 30, In Pakistan gunmen killed Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai, a senior pro-Taliban cleric, sparking riots across Karachi city by thousands of his Sunni Muslim supporters who ransacked shops, banks and a police station.
    (AP, 5/30/04)

2004        May 31, In Pakistan 20-25 people were killed in Karachi in an apparent suicide bombing at a crowded Shiite Muslim mosque.
    (AP, 6/1/04)(WSJ, 8/19/04, p.A11)

2004        Jun 3, In Pakistan police and Shiite Muslim protesters clashed the northern city of Gilgit, killing one man. Investigators named an al-Qaida-linked militant group as their chief suspect in the suicide bombing of a Shiite mosque in Karachi that triggered mass rioting.
    (AP, 6/3/04)

2004        Jun 9, At least 20 militants were killed in a gunbattle with the Pakistani army in a tense border region where hundreds of al-Qaida militants are suspected to be hiding.
    (AP, 6/10/04)

2004        Jun 10, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on a motorcade carrying the top military official in Karachi, killing 11 men including 8 soldiers. The general was unhurt.
    (AP, 6/10/04)(WSJ, 8/19/04, p.A11)

2004        Jun 12, In central Pakistan a powerful bomb exploded outside the home of a senior security official, killing one person and wounding three.
    (AP, 6/12/04)

2004        Jun 13, Pakistani troops ended a major operation to flush out al-Qaida suspects and their local supporters from hide-outs in a remote region near Afghanistan. 72 people died, including 17 security personnel.
    (AP, 6/14/04)

2004        Jun 16, In Pakistan a bus collided with a truck and plunged from a bridge near Islamabad, killing at least 40 passengers and injuring 10.
    (AP, 6/16/04)

2004        Jun 17, Pakistan's army killed Nek Muhammad (Nek Mohammed), a renegade Wazir tribal leader, tracing him to a mud-brick compound near Wana via a satellite phone and then leveling the building in a helicopter assault. He was accused of sheltering al-Qaida fighters. Army troops killed 30 tribesman suspected of shielding al-Qaida fugitives. As many as 70 "foreign terrorists" were also killed in the operation. In southern Pakistan Munawar Soharwardi, a leading opposition politician, was slain in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 6/17/04)(AP, 6/18/04)(AP, 6/23/04)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.44)

2004        Jun 20, India and Pakistan announced they would establish a new hot line to alert each other of potential nuclear accidents or threats.
    (AP, 6/20/04)

2004        Jun 26, Pakistan Prime Minister Zafarullah Jamali told a meeting of ruling party members he had resigned from office, dissolved the cabinet and nominated as his successor president of the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain.
    (AP, 6/26/04)

2004        Jun 30, Pakistan’s parliament named Chaudhry Shujaat-Hussain, president of the ruling por-Musharraf Muslim League party, as PM. Shaukat Aziz, finance minister, was named prime-minister-in-waiting. Aziz was required to resign from the senate and then win a by-election prior to a league vote for PM.
    (Econ, 7/3/04, p.36)

2004        Jul 19, Indian Foreign Minister Natwar Singh said he would push for progress in talks to promote better ties with Pakistan when he meets Pakistani leaders this week.
    (AP, 7/19/04)

2004        Jul 25, Pakistan arrested Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani, a Tanzanian al-Qaida suspect, wanted by the United States in the 1998 bombings at U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
    (AP, 7/29/04)

2004        Jul 30, In Pakistan an attack on Shaukat Aziz, the prime minister designate, was a response to Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf's transferring wanted militants to U.S. custody. 7 people were killed plus the suicide bomber. In 2005 police arrested 3 brothers for harboring suicide bombers, who made the attack on Aziz that left 9 bystanders dead.
    (AP, 7/31/04)(AP, 1/18/05)
2004        Jul 30, A small bomb exploded in Faisalabad, an industrial city of eastern Pakistan, wounding 18 people, mostly children.
    (AP, 7/30/04)

2004        Aug 4, In Kashmir Muslim militants killed nine Indian troopers in an attack on a paramilitary camp, just hours before India and Pakistan, which both claim the region, began a round of peace talks.
    (AP, 8/5/04)

2004        Aug 5, A Pakistan army helicopter crashed amid the al Qaeda hunt and 13 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A1)

2004        Aug 6, Reuters learned from Pakistani intelligence sources that computer expert Mohammad Naeem Noor Khan, arrested secretly in July, was working under cover to help the authorities track down al Qaeda militants in Britain and the United States when his name appeared in U.S. newspapers.
    (Reuters, 8/7/04)(SFC, 8/10/04, p.A1)

2004        Aug 7, A bomb exploded outside a car dealership in Karachi, Pakistan, killing two people and wounding three.
    (AP, 8/7/04)

2004        Aug 8, In Pakistan 2 bombs ripped through an Islamic school, killing 8 and injuring 42.
    (AP, 8/9/04)
2004        Aug 8, Pakistan confirmed that Qari Saifullah Akhtar, a senior bin Laden operative, had been captured in the UAR and transferred to Lahore.
    (SFC, 8/9/04, p.A1)

2004        Aug 11-15, Pakistani officials arrested around a dozen local and foreign militants who hatched a plot to launch strikes on August 13 and Pakistan's 57th Independence Day celebrated on August 14. The plot was masterminded by an Egyptian Al-Qaeda suspect named Sheikh Esa alias Qari Ismail.
    (AFP, 8/22/04)

2004        Aug 12, Pakistan authorities said they had arrested five more suspected members of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network in the past 48 hours.
    (AP, 8/12/04)

2004        Aug 21, Pakistani officials said they had arrested at least five al-Qaida-linked terrorists who were plotting suicide attacks on government leaders and the U.S. Embassy.
    (AP, 8/21/04)

2004        Aug 23, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai arrived in Pakistan for talks with his Pres. Pervez Musharraf on eradicating Al-Qaeda and Taliban fighters from their common border.
    (AP, 8/23/04)

2004        Aug 27, Pakistan's National Assembly elected former finance minister Shaukat Aziz prime minister, after he was hand-picked for the post by military leader Pres. Pervez Musharraf.
    (Reuters, 8/27/04)

2004        Aug 28, Pakistan's economic czar Shaukat Aziz was sworn in as PM and said his government's greatest challenge would be combating terrorism and maintaining law and order.
    (AP, 8/28/04)

2004        Aug 29, A rocket attack and a remote control bomb killed 2 Pakistani paramilitary soldiers in the western tribal regions where troops are hunting al Qaeda-linked militants.
    (AP, 8/29/04)

2004        Sep 1, Pakistani officials said security forces have arrested two "important" al Qaeda operatives, including an Egyptian and a Saudi national.
    (AP, 9/1/04)

2004        Sep 6, India and Pakistan ended 2-day talks to settle their dispute over Kashmir. Yasin Malik, the chairman of pro-independence Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), said the dispute could not be settled unless residents of the region are included in talks. India’s Natwar Singh and Pakistan’s Khurshid Kasuri closed the 1st stage of an 8-part “composite" dialogue.
    (AFP, 9/6/04)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.38)

2004        Sep 8, India and Pakistan opened up their countries to cross-border group tourism for the first time and announced a series of high-level contacts to push forward the peace process.
    (AP, 9/8/04)

2004        Sep 9, Pakistani jets pounded a suspected training facility for foreign militants in a two-hour barrage in tribal South Waziristan, killing 50 people. Pakistani troops assaulted a suspected terror hideout, killing at least six militants. Five of the six dead were foreigners.
    (AP, 9/9/04)(AP, 9/10/04)

2004        Sep 12, Pakistani security forces and militants clashed in fighting that killed at least nine people in the mountains near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 9/13/04)

2004        Sep 15, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf backed out of his pledge to give up his post as army chief.
    (WSJ, 9/16/04, p.A1)

2004        Sep 26, In Pakistan Amjad Hussain Farooqi, accused in two attempts on the life of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf in December 2003, died in a four-hour shootout at a house in the southern town of Nawabshah. He was also wanted for his alleged role in the 2002 kidnapping and beheading of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
    (AP, 9/27/04)

2004        Oct 1, In eastern Pakistan a suicide attacker detonated a huge bomb inside a crowded Shiite Muslim mosque during prayers, killing at least 23 people and wounding dozens more.
    (AP, 10/1/04)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A9)

2004        Oct 2, In eastern Pakistan thousands of minority Shiite Muslims rampaged through the city of Sialkot in a riot sparked by a suicide bombing at a Shiite mosque that killed 31 people.
    (AP, 10/2/04)

2004        Oct 7, In Pakistan 2 bombs planted in a car and motorcycle exploded at a gathering of Sunni Muslim radicals in Multan, killing at least 39 people and wounding about 100 others. Authorities in response banned all political and religious meetings except Friday Prayer. In 2006 Irfan Ali Shah was found guilty of masterminding the bombing in Multan.
    (AP, 10/7/04)(WSJ, 10/7/04, p.A1)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A5)(AP, 9/1/06)

2004        Oct 9, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen killed Mufti Muhammad Jamil Ahmed, a leading pro-Taliban Sunni Muslim cleric and an associate.
    (AP, 10/9/04)(SFC, 10/11/04, p.A3)

2004        Oct 10, In Pakistan a suicide attacker detonated a bomb at a Shiite mosque in the eastern city of Lahore, leaving at least four people dead.
    (AP, 10/10/04)

2004        Oct 12, Pakistan successfully test-fired a medium-range, nuclear-capable missile that would be able to hit most cities in neighboring India.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2004        Oct 12, in northwest Pakistan an attacker tossed a grenade into a wedding ceremony at the home of an Afghan refugee, killing four people and injuring 35.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2004        Oct 13, In Pakistan talks aimed at freeing two Chinese engineers taken hostage by al-Qaida-linked militants in a lawless region near the Afghanistan border have broken down and tribal elders said they would support the military using force to free the pair.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2004        Oct 14, Pakistan's lower house of parliament passed a bill to allow President Pervez Musharraf to stay on as army chief despite his pledge to give up the job by the end of the year.
    (Reuters, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Pakistani special forces attacked kidnappers holding two Chinese engineers near the Afghan border, killing all five of the al-Qaida-linked militants. One of the hostages was killed in the raid, while the other survived.
    (AP, 10/14/04)

2004        Nov 11, Indian PM Manmohan Singh announced a reduction in troops in disputed Kashmir in a fresh initiative to push forward a fraying peace process with Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/11/04)

2004        Nov 13, Pakistan said its army has demolished several terrorist hideouts and killed 30 to 40 militants in South Waziristan in an effort to capture foreign fighters and Pakistani militant leader Abdullah Mehsud.
    (AP, 11/13/04)

2004        Nov 17, India's PM Manmohan Singh paid a rare visit to the divided Himalayan region of Kashmir, marking the start of a partial troop withdrawal that has been hailed by rival Pakistan as an important step in easing tensions. Pakistan's powerful Islamic parties dismissed the partial pullout of Indian troops from Indian-administered Kashmir as tokenistic "eyewash", saying a plebiscite was the only solution to the half-century dispute. India began pulling an estimated 40k of some 500k soldiers from Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/17/04)(AFP, 11/17/04)(WSJ, 11/18/04, p.A1)

2004        Nov 23, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead five people in overnight attacks.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz arrived in India to help push forward a fragile peace process.
    (AP, 11/23/04)

2004        Nov 30, Pakistan's acting president signed legislation that will allow Gen. Pervez Musharraf to remain as both head of the state and army chief beyond Dec. 31.
    (AP, 11/30/04)

2004        Nov, Pakistan released from prison Asif Zardari, husband of former PM Benazir Bhutto.
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.45)

2004        Dec 10, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb strapped to a bicycle exploded next to an army truck parked at a crowded outdoor market, killing at least 10 people and wounding 27.
    (AP, 12/10/04)

2004        Dec 21, Pakistani police arrested the husband of former PM Benazir Bhutto in the killing of a former judge and his son in 1996, taking him back into custody just a month after he'd been freed on bail.
    (AP, 12/21/04)

2004        Dec 22, The husband of Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was freed from house arrest, a day after he was detained for failing to attend a court hearing.
    (AP, 12/22/04)

2004        Dec 24, A Pakistani military spokesman said a soldier has been sentenced to death and another soldier given 10 years imprisonment after they were convicted in the Dec 14, 2003, attempt to assassinate President Gen. Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 12/24/04)

2004        Dec 27, The foreign secretaries of nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan began two-day talks that will include their first formal dialogue on disputed Kashmir since they launched a peace process a year ago.
    (AP, 12/27/04)

2004        Dec 28, India and Pakistan concluded a 2-day dialogue on their dispute over Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/29/04, p.A3)

2004        Dec 30, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf reiterated his intention to retain his dual role of army chief and called on the opposition to accept the decision of the majority.
    (AP, 12/30/04)

2004        In Baluchistan, Pakistan, Bugti and Marri tribesmen ended a 50-year feud.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.38)
2004        Maualana Fazlullah, local leader of Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammad, began preaching in Swat, NWFP, Pakistan. By 2007 he drew more than 15,000 weekly to his Friday prayers. His vision of militant Islam reached thousands more in the valley by way of his illegal radio station, which he used until recently to warn parents not to send their girls to school.
    (CSM, 5/29/07)
2004        In Pakistan Shafqat Hussain (14) was sentenced to death by a court in Karachi after it found him guilty of killing another boy. Hussain's brother Manzoor alleged that his brother was tortured by police to force a confession. Hussain was scheduled to be executed on March 19, 2015, but a temporary reprieve was issued hours before his execution.
    (AP, 3/14/15)(SFC, 3/20/15, p.A2)

2005        Jan 1, Pakistan was forecast for 5.7% annual GDP growth with a population at 156.4 million and GDP per head at $580.
    (Econ, 1/1/05, p.91)

2005        Jan 8, In northern Pakistan at least 11 people were killed, including six family members who were burned alive, during sectarian unrest after riots broke out following the shooting of a popular Shiite leader.
    (AP, 1/8/05)
2005        Jan 8, In Pakistan’s SW Baluchistan province assailants fired rockets at wells and a gas pipeline, killing a woman and wounding 14 other people. The attacks followed the rape of Dr. Shazia Khalid (31) a week earlier by a government soldier.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(SFC, 3/22/05, p.A1)

2005        Jan 27, Pakistani police arrested 23 Afghans in raids in the border city of Quetta on suspicion of links with Taliban and Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 1/28/05)

2005        Jan 30, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen riding three motorcycles opened fire outside a Sunni Muslim mosque, killing a Sunni cleric who once belonged to an outlawed group suspected of committing sectarian violence and his bodyguard.
    (AP, 1/30/05)

2005        Feb 7, Pakistan, as part of a peace deal in south Waziristan, paid 4 tribal militants a total of $842,000 so they could pay back money received from al Qaeda to fight Pakistani troops.
    (WSJ, 2/10/05, p.A10)

2005        Feb 10, Heavy rains caused the Shakidor Dam to burst in southwestern Pakistan, releasing a torrent of water that killed at least 135 people. The country's total number of dead from weeklong rains and avalanches soon grew to 278.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(AP, 2/12/05)

2005        Feb 13, Pakistani officials said severe flooding and avalanches have killed around 350 people after a week of torrential rain and heavy snow, while 2,000 others were missing and tens of thousands left homeless.
    (AP, 2/13/05)

2005        Feb 15, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on mourners returning from a funeral near a Muslim shrine on the outskirts of Islamabad, killing at least 2 people and injuring several others.
    (AP, 2/15/05)

2005        Feb 16, India and Pakistan agreed to start a bus service across a ceasefire line dividing the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir beginning on Apr 7.
    (Reuters, 2/16/05)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.39)

2005        Feb 18, Pakistan deployed specially trained anti-Al-Qaeda commandos to guard against sectarian violence as two Sunni militants planning to attack parades by rival Shiites blew themselves up.
    (AFP, 2/18/05)

2005        Feb 23, India and Pakistan agreed to cut red tape and ease barriers that hamper bilateral trade.
    (AP, 2/23/05)

2005        Feb 27, In southeastern Pakistan at least 10 children died when a bus carrying them on a school field trip drove off a highway.
    (AP, 2/27/05)

2005        Mar 2, Pakistani police arrested a man wanted in the murder of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl and already sentenced to death in absentia for a hotel bombing that killed 11 French engineers.
    (AP, 3/2/05)

2005        Mar 3, Pakistani tribal militants, demanding greater political and economic rights, blew up a railway line to Iran in the third attack on the track in recent weeks.
    (AP, 3/3/05)

2005        Mar 4, In southwestern Pakistan police said Ramzan Mengal, an Islamic militant accused of killing as many as 130 Shiite Muslims over recent years, was arrested in Quetta.
    (AP, 3/5/05)

2005        Mar 5, Pakistani troops raided a hideout of suspected al-Qaida militants in a remote tribal area near Afghanistan. A shootout left 2 foreigners dead. 11 people were arrested.
    (AP, 3/5/05)

2005        Mar 6, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, ending years of chilly relations with Uzbekistan, promised to catch and extradite any Uzbek-born terrorist hiding in his country.
    (AP, 3/6/05)

2005        Mar 10, Pakistan's information minister acknowledged that Abdul Qadeer Khan, a rogue scientist at the heart of an international nuclear black market investigation, gave centrifuges to Iran, but insisted the government had nothing to do with the transfer.
    (AP, 3/10/05)

2005        Mar 11, Pakistan's highest Islamic court threw out the acquittal of five men convicted of raping Mukhtar Mai in 2002 on orders from a village council, saying a lower appeals court had no jurisdiction to rule on the case.
    (AP, 3/11/05)

2005        Mar 15, Pakistan issued release orders for 589 Indian prisoners as a gesture of goodwill towards New Delhi.
    (Reuters, 3/15/05)

2005        Mar 17, In Pakistan’s Baluchistan province 17 minority Hindus were killed when their temple was hit by rockets during fighting between renegade tribesmen and security forces in Dera Bugti. Officials later said up to 45 people, including eight soldiers, were killed in the clashes between the Frontier Corps troops and Bugti tribesmen. Of the 67 people killed about half died when the ghetto was shelled by government forces.
    (AP, 3/21/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.37)

2005        Mar 18, In Pakistan’s Baluchistan province bombs exploded in two trains killing two people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 3/18/05)

2005        Mar 19, In Pakistan’s Baluchistan province a bomb exploded as minority Shiite Muslims congregated at a shrine in a remote town, killing at least 39 people and wounding 16.
    (AFP, 3/19/05)

2005        Mar 22, Pakistan released 564 Indians, mostly fisherman, from its prisons in a goodwill gesture toward neighboring India.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2005        Mar 25, Washington announced it would sell F-16 fighters to Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 3/26/05)

2005        Mar 28, In Peshawar, Pakistan, thousands of opposition activists chanted "Death to dictatorship!" in the latest demonstration against Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf's grip on power.
    (AP, 3/28/05)

2005        Mar 30, Nepalese Finance Minister Madhukar Shumsher Rana and Pakistan's Minister of State for Economic Affairs Hina Rabbani Khar concluded two days of talks by signing an agreement to boost trade and investment. Pakistan offered Nepal five million dollars in trade credits and talks on a free trade agreement after the first meeting of senior economic officials of the two countries in a decade.
    (AFP, 3/30/05)

2005        Apr 1, In Pakistan motorcycle-riding gunmen shot dead a Shiite scholar and injured two people including his daughter in a suspected sectarian attack in Lahore.
    (AP, 4/1/05)

2005        Apr 3, In eastern Pakistan hundreds of Islamic radicals protesting against the participation of women in a road race hurled stones and bricks at competitors, and clashed with police, leaving at least 18 people injured.
    (AP, 4/3/05)

2005        Apr 5, Rebels opposed to a bus link joining parts of Kashmir controlled by rivals India and Pakistan set off bombs and fought gun battles with troops, two days before the service was due to start.
    (AP, 4/5/05)

2005        Apr 6, Pakistani police arrested some 40 faithful of the Muttahida Majlis Amal in Gujranwala as they protested a mixed sporting event. The MMA, a 6-party religious alliance, has demanded the ouster of Pres. Musharraf for being pro-West and secular.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.38)

2005        Apr 7, Passengers on historic bus trips between the Pakistani and Indian portions of Kashmir crossed a bridge spanning the de facto border, voyages both sides hope will lead to lasting peace on the subcontinent. Kashmiris walked across the “Peace Bridge," on the Line of Control between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/7/05)(SFC, 4/8/05, p.A3)

2005        Apr 8, In Washington DC Humayun A. Khan (47) of Islamabad, Pakistan, was indicted for supplying India and Pakistan with outlawed components for nuclear weapons and ballistic missile systems.
    (SFC, 4/9/05, p.A8)

2005        Apr 14, India freed 24 Pakistani prisoners in an apparent response to similar gestures by Islamabad ahead of President Pervez Musharraf's visit to New Delhi.
    (AP, 4/14/05)

2005        Apr 16, Pakistan's Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf arrived in India to discuss the Kashmir dispute in an effort to ease five decades of hostility.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Indian troops shot dead 7 Muslim rebels, including 2 commanders of Kashmir's main rebel group as Pakistani Pres. Pervez Musharraf visited India for the first time in 4 years.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Pakistani authorities seized nearly two tons of morphine worth millions of dollars from a remote southwestern village near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 4/17/05)

2005        Apr 17, The leaders of India and Pakistan agreed to work to roll back their military deployments on a Himalayan glacier that is claimed by both countries and believed to be the world's highest battlefield, concluding the first day of talks intended to push forward a 15-month-old peace process.
    (AP, 4/17/05)

2005        Apr 18, India and Pakistan agreed to open up the militarized frontier dividing Kashmir, capping a landmark visit to New Delhi by President Pervez Musharraf.
    (Reuters, 4/18/05)

2005        Apr 25, Pakistan said the start of a free trade agreement with Sri Lanka in June is expected to double business between the 2 countries to almost 300 million dollars in the first year.
    (AP, 4/25/05)

2005        May 2, Pakistani authorities arrested Abu Farraj al-Libbi, head of al-Qaida operations in Pakistan. The nation's most-wanted militant had a $10 million bounty on his head. A 2nd militant was seized with al-Libbi, who has a five-million-dollar US bounty on his head, was himself a key Al-Qaeda figure with a reward tag of four million dollars.
    (AP, 5/4/05)(AP, 5/5/05)

2005        May 3, In Pakistan a parliamentary committee issued 32 recommendations on how the government should address grievances in Baluchistan.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.37)
2005        May 3, On World Press Freedom Day Pakistan police beat journalists with sticks and detained at least 30 of them for staging a rally in the capital, Islamabad.
    (Reuters, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, In Lahore, Pakistan, gas cylinders exploded in the basement of an apartment building as residents slept, causing the three-story structure to collapse. At least 25 people were killed and 20 injured.
    (AP, 5/3/05)

2005        May 11, India and Pakistan agreed to start a bus service between the cities of Lahore and Amritsar, and share information on fishermen in each other's custody.
    (AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 21, In Lahore, Pakistan, some 300 male and female runners participated in .06-mile footrace in a symbolic victory for co-ed running.
    (SFC, 6/1/05, p.A8)

2005        May 24, In Pakistan a bomb exploded in the house of a tribal elder in South Waziristan region, killing five women and a child.
    (AP, 5/25/05)

2005        May 26, India and Pakistan exchanged ideas on ending a two-decade-old military standoff on Kashmir's Siachen glacier, as senior defense officials began a two-day meeting.
    (AP, 5/26/05)

2005        May 27, Talks between India and Pakistan to break their two-decade-old stand-off on Kashmir's Siachen glacier, the world's highest battlefield, ended in apparent deadlock.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber set off explosives in the midst of Shiite Muslims reciting the Quran, killing at least 20 and wounding dozens gathered for a religious festival at a shrine near Islamabad.
    (AP, 5/27/05)

2005        May 30, In Pakistan a blast ripped through a Shiite Muslim mosque in the southern city of Karachi, leaving at least 4 people dead, 3 of them the attackers, and a dozen injured in a suspected suicide bombing.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30-31, In Pakistan a mob angered by an al-Qaida-linked suicide bombing in a Shiite mosque set a KFC restaurant afire in overnight rioting, killing six employees and bringing the day's overall death toll to 11. Police in southern Pakistan later arrested eight Shiite Muslims for attacking the KFC restaurant.
    (AP, 5/31/05)(AP, 6/9/05)

2005        May 31, Pakistan’s Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf said Senior al-Qaida terrorist suspect Abu Farraj al-Libbi, arrested on May 2, will be sent to the US for prosecution. He is believed to be behind two assassination attempts against Musharraf and could have received the death penalty here.
    (AP, 6/1/05)

2005        Jun 4, In Pakistan Gul Hassan, Islamic militant and member of the outlawed Lashkar-e-Jhangvi group, was convicted and sentenced to death for planning two suicide attacks that killed 45 minority Shiite Muslims on May 7 and May 31, 2004, at mosques in Karachi.
    (AP, 6/4/05)

2005        Jun 10, A Pakistani court ordered the release next week of 12 men connected to a notorious June 22, 2002, gang-rape of Mukhataran Mai, including six convicted of the crime.
    (AP, 6/10/05)

2005        Jun 12, Pakistan's army seized control of the national telecoms firm after trade unions called a strike against the company's privatization next week.
    (AFP, 6/12/05)

2005        Jun 13, Australia and Pakistan signed a new counter-terrorism pact during a visit by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 17, Pakistan said it has completed arrangements to sell 26 percent of its state-run telephone company amid employee protests over the sale.
    (AP, 6/17/05)

2005        Jun 22, South Asia endured one of its hottest summers on record and at least 375 people were reported to have died from sunstroke and dehydration in a month-long heat wave sweeping India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)

2005        Jun 24, India refused permission for Pakistan's information minister, who once sheltered anti-Indian Kashmiri separatists, to visit its part of Kashmir on a new "peace bus".
    (AP, 6/24/05)

2005        Jun 27, An undersea cable carrying data between Pakistan and the outside world developed a serious fault, virtually crippling data feeds, including the Internet.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, It was reported that a heat wave across Pakistan has killed about 175 people over the past eight days.
    (Reuters, 6/27/05)

2005        Jun 28, Pakistan's Supreme Court overturned the acquittals of 13 men accused of gang-raping a villager and ordered the suspects arrested in a case that has drawn international attention to the brutal treatment of women in this conservative Muslim country.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

2005        Jul 5, In Pakistan police arrested 7 men in Chaniot, Punjab province, who a week earlier allegedly kidnapped and gang-raped a married woman in retaliation for her cousin's affair with one of the suspect's daughters.
    (AP, 7/6/05)

2005        Jul 7, In Pakistan 2 masked gunmen opened fire on an intelligence officer in a remote northwestern tribal region, killing him before fleeing.
    (AP, 7/7/05)

2005        Jul 11, A boat rescuing flood-hit Pakistani villagers hit a power cable and 14 people, including eight children, were electrocuted.
    (AP, 7/11/05)

2005        Jul 13, In southern Pakistan 3 trains collided in a deadly chain reaction after a train driver misread a signal, killing 133 people and injuring hundreds in the country's worst crash in more than a decade.
    (AP, 7/14/05)

2005        Jul 14, US and Afghan soldiers fought Taliban insurgent near the Pakistan border inside Afghanistan. Maj. Gen. Rehmatullah Raufi, the top army commander in Paktia, said the Afghan base was attacked in the Lwara area. The next day Pakistani troops found the bodies of 24 suspected Taliban militants. Pakistan protested the US cross-border raid.
    (AP, 7/15/05)(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 16, Pakistani security officials said 3 of the 4 London suicide bombers recently visited Pakistan. Investigators probed whether they met with Al-Qaeda-linked militant groups.
    (AP, 7/16/05)
2005        Jul 16, Pakistani soldiers fought militants in a northwestern tribal region near the Afghan border. 18 people, mostly women and children, died in the clash.
    (AP, 7/17/05)

2005        Jul 18, Pakistani police arrested a man accused of killing 14 homeless people in the past three weeks by bludgeoning them to death with bricks.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 18, Pakistan arrested 5 Taliban leaders.
    (WSJ, 7/19/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 22, In Pakistan more than 2,000 supporters of a coalition of radical Muslim groups rallied in Islamabad to condemn a crackdown on Islamic militants that has netted more than 200 suspects.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, Assailants killed five tribal elders who had helped Pakistan's army hunt for al-Qaida-linked militants in a remote, lawless region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Jul 25, Indian and Pakistani trucks laden with goods rolled across the border for the first time in 50 years.
    (AP, 7/27/05)

2005        Jul 27, Officials reported that Pakistani security forces have rounded up about 600 suspected militants and Islamic clerics in a week-long crackdown that followed the July 7 London attacks.
    (AFP, 7/27/05)
2005        Jul 27, In eastern Pakistan Hashim Qadeer, an Islamic militant who set up the initial meeting (Jan 23, 2002) between Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl and his kidnappers, was arrested. The suspect was a member of two outlawed militant groups, Harkat-ul Mujahedeen and Jaish-e-Mohammed.
    (AP, 7/28/05)(WSJ, 8/8/05, p.A9)

2005        Jul 28, Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf said all the estimated 1,400 foreign nationals studying in the country's madrassas would have to leave the Islamic seminaries.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Aug 4, Pakistan's Supreme Court blocked a proposal by an Islamist-controlled provincial government to introduce what critics say would be a Taliban-style judicial system enforced by religious police.
    (AP, 8/4/05)

2005        Aug 6, India and Pakistan agreed to set up a telephone hotline to prevent accidental nuclear conflict and also agreed to notify each other before testing ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 8/7/05)

2005        Aug 8, India and Pakistan agreed to extend a two-year-old cease-fire in disputed Kashmir, but did not discuss the question of reducing their military presence there.
    (AP, 8/8/05)

2005        Aug 9, In Pakistan Derik Cyprian, a former Cabinet minister who disappeared Aug. 2, was found strangled to death on a dirt road on the outskirts of Lahore.
    (AP, 8/9/05)

2005        Aug 11, Pakistan test fired its first cruise missile without warning archrival India under a new treaty requiring notification of tests involving missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads. The Foreign Ministry said the missile notification agreement formalized by the two nuclear-armed nations over the weekend did not cover cruise missiles.
    (AP, 8/11/05)

2005        Aug 14, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf urged the country to reject conservative religious forces saying they were a hurdle to progress and wanted to push the country into backwardness.
    (AP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 18, In Pakistan a homemade bomb exploded near a polling station as clashes between supporters of rival candidates in Pakistani municipal elections left 7 dead and 82 injured.
    (AP, 8/19/05)

2005        Aug 21, Security forces arrested 10 suspected militants from Pakistan's North Waziristan region and recovered weapons, wigs and women's outfits from a fake madrassa.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

2005        Aug 25, Clashes between rival political gangs in Pakistan left 11 people dead and dozens more injured as voters went to the polls in the second round of key local elections.
    (AP, 8/25/05)

2005        Aug 26, A Pakistani military court sentenced five men to death for their roles in a 2003 suicide plot to kill President Gen. Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 8/26/05)
2005        Aug 26, In India nearly 5,000 people held a rally as shops and businesses shut down in Amritsar, the hometown of Sarabjeet Singh facing death by hanging in Pakistan for allegedly spying. They demanded clemency and his immediate return home.
    (AP, 8/26/05)

2005        Aug 30, India and Pakistan agreed to release hundreds of fishermen and other civilians in each other's jails, a goodwill measure that comes as part of a peace process between the two countries.
    (AP, 8/30/05)

2005        Aug, In Pakistan Nazo Dharejo and her sisters held off 200 armed men in a gunfight in Sindh province over her family's property after her father died leaving no male heir. In 2917 the 98-minute Urdu-language film My Pure Land, portrayed a version of Dharejo's story.
    (AFP, 11/25/17)
2005        Aug, A report, only made public in 2008, marked confidential and bearing the official seal of Spain's Defense Ministry charged that Pakistan's spy service was helping arm Taliban insurgents for assassination plots against the Afghan government.
    (AP, 10/1/08)

2005        Sep 1, The foreign ministers of Israel and Pakistan, a Muslim country that has long taken a hard line against the Jewish state, met publicly for the first time, a diplomatic breakthrough that both ministers linked to Israel's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/1/05)

2005        Sep 4, Pakistan's opposition called for a country-wide strike to press their demand for the resignation of President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 9/4/05)

2005        Sep 6, Pakistan said it has sent 9,500 more troops to the border with Afghanistan to prevent infiltration by militants intent on disrupting Afghan elections later this month.
    (AP, 9/6/05)

2005        Sep 7, Hundreds of Afghan refugees attacked a UN refugee agency office in northwest Pakistan in protest at delays in repatriating them. Pakistan has ordered the closure of all refugee camps in its semi-autonomous tribal regions because of security concerns. It originally gave an August 31 deadline but it has since given them until September 15.
    (AP, 9/8/05)

2005        Sep 8, In Pakistan Mufti Mohammed Sabir, a suspected Islamic militant, was arrested in Karachi after a shootout. He was wanted in connection with making a car bomb used in a suicide attack May 8, 2002, that killed 15 people, including 11 French engineers.
    (AP, 9/8/05)

2005        Sep 9, In Pakistan 3 suspected foreign militants were arrested after a shootout with Pakistani forces near Afghanistan. A bystander was killed and her son wounded by stray bullets during the clash near Miran Shah, capital of the North Waziristan tribal area.
    (AP, 9/10/05)

2005        Sep 10-2005 Sep 13, A Pakistani army operation in North Waziristan destroyed a major al-Qaida hide-out. The army arrested 21 suspected militants, including foreigners, and a government official accused of helping them in a remote northwestern tribal region near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/13/05)

2005        Sep 12, Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf offered to construct a security fence to deter incursion of militants and drug merchants from Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/12/05)

2005        Sep 14, In Pakistan gunmen on a motorcycle murdered a minority Shiite Muslim in Quetta before fleeing.
    (AP, 9/14/05)

2005        Sep 21, In eastern Pakistan a fireworks explosion triggered a fire at a roadside restaurant, leaving five people dead and fifteen injured.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Sep 22, In Pakistan 2 bombings in Lahore killed six people and injured 26.
    (AP, 9/22/05)

2005        Sep 23, Religious schools in Pakistan agreed to register with the government on condition the process is approved by parliament and they don't have to reveal their sources of funding.
    (AP, 9/23/05)

2005        Sep 28, In Pakistan a security official said agents raided a home near the capital of Islamabad and arrested Asif Chotto, the reputed head of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, an al-Qaida-linked militant group accused of killing hundreds of minority Shiites.
    (AP, 9/28/05)

2005        Sep 29, Clashes between Pakistani troops with militants suspected of links with al-Qaida in remote tribal regions near the Afghan border left at least 4 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2005        Oct 2, Assailants fired rockets at a Pakistani army base, killing a soldier and three government employees in a spate of violence in the lawless tribal area along the Afghan border.
    (AP, 10/3/05)

2005        Oct 3, India and Pakistan signed a deal requiring them to notify each other of plans for ballistic missile tests.
    (AP, 10/3/05)

2005        Oct 4, Pakistani security forces arrested Abdul Latif Hakimi, the chief spokesman of Afghanistan's ousted Taliban regime, describing his capture as a major blow to the Islamic militia.
    (AFP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 7, In eastern Pakistan assailants with assault rifles attacked a mosque belonging to a small Muslim sect, killing at least eight people and wounding 19.
    (AP, 10/7/05)

2005        Oct 8, A 7.6-magnitude earthquake hit Kashmir near the Pakistan-India border reaching to Afghanistan. It reduced villages to rubble, triggered landslides and flattened an apartment building, killing thousands of people in India and Pakistan. Pakistani officials said the death toll ranged between nearly 20,000 and 30,000. The newly reopened "Peace Bridge" linking the Indian and Pakistani portions of disputed Kashmir nearly collapsed during the earthquake. The death toll from the quake reached 87,350. The UN estimated that 3 million people were left homeless by the earthquake.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/05)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.44)

2005        Oct 9, A UN official said more than 2.5 million people have been left homeless by the devastating 7.6-magnitude earthquake that shook India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/9/05)

2005        Oct 10, Eight American helicopters that will carry supplies and rescue teams to remote areas hit by a weekend earthquake landed in Pakistan as the US pledged $50 million for relief in a gesture that officials hope will show sometimes skeptical Pakistanis that Washington is a true ally. Pakistan said up to 40,000 people were feared dead in the weekend earthquake, as frustration over the slow rescue effort turned to anger and scattered looting.
    (AP, 10/10/05)(AFP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, India and Pakistan set aside their often-bitter rivalry when Islamabad accepted an offer of aid for earthquake victims.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2005        Oct 11, In Pakistan survivors scuffled over the badly needed food, the first large-scale aid to make it overland to the devastated city of Muzaffarabad. Officials estimated that the death toll would surpass 35,000.
    (AP, 10/11/05)

2005        Oct 15, The death toll in Pakistan's devastating earthquake rose to nearly 40,000, while rain, snow and frigid temperatures compounded the misery of millions of homeless victims.
    (AP, 10/15/05)

2005        Oct 18, Gen’l. Musharraf announced that Pakistan was ready to allow Kashmiris to cross the “line of control," dividing Indian and Pakistani controlled areas, to help their families.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.45)

2005        Oct 19, Two strong aftershocks from the Oct 8 deadly earthquake shook South Asia, unleashing landslides and setting off another wave of panic among survivors of the disaster. A new tally from officials in India and Pakistan pushed the death toll to 79,000.
    (AP, 10/19/05)

2005        Oct 25, Pakistan’s Supreme Court banned making, selling and flying kites due to deaths from kite-flying rivalries during an annual kite flying festival. The ban was extended in December until at least the next meeting of the court on Jan. 26.
    (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.A2)

2005        Oct 27, The WHO reported that tetanus has killed 22 people and lack of food or shelter could threaten thousands more survivors of Pakistan's massive earthquake.
    (AP, 10/27/05)

2005        Oct 30, Pakistan and India made an unprecedented agreement to open their heavily militarized border in disputed Kashmir to aid the flow of relief goods and reunite divided families in the aftermath of South Asia's colossal earthquake.
    (AP, 10/30/05)

2005        Nov 2, Pakistan army's disaster relief chief said the official death toll in Pakistan from the Oct. 8 earthquake jumped to more than 73,000, with about the same number listed as severely injured.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 3, Pakistan reported that its agents killed one suspected al-Qaida terrorist in a raid in Quetta and arrested, Mustafa Setmarian Nasar, a Syrian and top al-Qaida operative sought by the US under a $5 million reward. The slain suspect was a Saudi named Shaikh Ali Mohammed al-Salim who had been living with Mustafa Setmarian Nasar, also known as Abu Musab al-Suri, who allegedly had a role in the March 11, 2004, Madrid mass-transit bombings. Al-Suri was the author of a 1,600-page opus titled: “The Call to Global Islamic Resistance."
    (AP, 11/3/05)(AP, 5/2/06)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.30)(Econ, 2/16/13, p.62)

2005        Nov 4, A ferry overloaded with people heading to a memorial for three drowned boaters capsized in the Arabian Sea off southern Pakistan, killing about 60 people.
    (AP, 11/4/05)

2005        Nov 5, In northwestern Pakistan suspected militants set off a blast while making bombs at their compound, killing at least eight people, including a woman and three children.
    (AP, 11/5/05)

2005        Nov 7, India and Pakistan opened their frontier in Kashmir for earthquake relief, but police had to fire tear gas to disperse protesters who were banned from taking part in the symbolic crossing.
    (AP, 11/7/05)

2005        Nov 8, One month after South Asia's Oct. 8 earthquake, the estimated death toll shot up sharply to 87,350 following a new count of Pakistan's casualties.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a 2-day summit aimed to alleviate poverty and boost trade and cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Leaders called for greater cooperation within the region to deal with the aftermath of disasters like the Kashmir earthquake and last year's devastating tsunami.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)

2005        Nov 13, In northeastern Pakistan a bus with 50 people on board plunged into a river gorge in the quake-stricken area.
    (AP, 11/13/05)

2005        Nov 15, In southern Pakistan a powerful car bomb exploded outside a KFC restaurant, setting off a massive fireball that overturned cars and shattered steel and glass. 3 people were killed and 22 injured.
    (AP, 11/15/05)

2005        Nov 17, In Pakistan a court official said 3 men from an underground Pakistani tribal group have confessed to involvement in a car bomb blast near a US fast food chain outlet that killed 3 people. Police said the trio belong to a group called the Baluchistan Liberation Army.
    (AFP, 11/17/05)

2005        Nov 19, India and Pakistan opened their disputed border in Kashmir for the first time in 58 years, a temporary measure to allow divided families to check on each other after the region's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 11/19/05)

2005        Nov 23, Australia's PM John Howard visited Pakistan's devastated earthquake zone and announced a further 37 million dollars in aid for victims of the disaster.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2005        Dec 1, Hamza Rabia, one of al-Qaida's top five leaders, a key associate of Ayman al-Zawahri, was tracked down with US help and killed by Pakistani security forces in a rocket attack near the Afghan border. Pakistani authorities said he was killed with 5 other militants.
    (AP, 12/03/05)(SSFC, 12/4/05, p.A3)

2005        Dec 8, In northwestern Pakistan an explosion ripped through two munitions shops in a bazaar in a tribal town, killing at least 12 people and injuring more than 30.
    (AP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 11, In eastern Pakistan a firecracker thrown by a celebrant at a wedding set fire to a bus filled with guests, killing at least 40 people.
    (AP, 12/11/05)

2005        Dec 17, India and Pakistan agreed to begin work by 2007 on a pipeline to bring natural gas from Iran, moving ahead with the project despite US disapproval. Iran hoped to break ground this year on a 1,700 mile, $4 billion natural gas pipeline to deliver gas across Pakistan to India. The US opposed the line and threatened sanctions under the 1996 Iran Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) law.
    (AP, 12/18/05)(WSJ, 6/24/05, p.A4)

2005        Dec 23, In Pakistan Nazir Ahmed (40), angry that his eldest step-daughter allegedly committed adultery, slit her throat as she slept, then killed his 3 daughters in the village of Gago Mandi in eastern Punjab province.
    (AP, 12/24/05)(SFC, 12/29/05, p.A8)

2005        Dec 26, India freed eight Pakistani prisoners as part of peace efforts between the South Asia rivals, while the two governments scheduled new talks to resolve their long-standing dispute over the Himalayan territory of Kashmir.
    (AP, 12/26/05)

2005        Dec 30, In northwestern Pakistan an avalanche killed at least 25 people who were digging for gemstones.
    (AP, 12/30/05)

2005        Louise Brown authored “The Dancing Girls of Lahore: Selling Love and Saving Dreams in Pakistan’s Ancient Pleasure District."
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.B2)
2005        Husain Haqqani authored “Pakistan," an examination of the symbiotic relations between the ruling military government and the country’s mosques.
    (WSJ, 7/28/05, p.D8)
2005        In Pakistan Ali Salim began hosting “Late Night with Begum Nawazish Ali," a risque show in which he starred as South Asia’s first cross-dressing television host.
    (SFC, 5/17/06, p.A1)

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