7000BC The Sami people began herding reindeer in
northern Europe about this time as the last Ice Age ended. They were
later considered to be Europe’s only indigenous people. By 2013 they
numbered about 80,000 including 8,000 in Finland, 50,000 in Norway,
20,000 in Sweden and 2,000 in Russia.
(SFC, 8/30/13, p.A2)
700-800 Vikings began arriving to the Orkney
(SFEC, 3/23/97, p.T3)
793 Jun 8, Vikings raided the
Northumbrian coast in England. Corfe served as a center of West
Saxon resistance to Viking invaders. Vikings plundered the monastery
and St. Cuthbert convent at Lindsfarne
(HN, 6/8/98)(AM, 7/00, p.64)(PC, 1992, p.68)
800-900 In Scandinavia Futhark evolved around the
9th century. Instead of 24 letters, the Scandinavian "Younger"
Futhark had 16 letters. In England, Anglo-Saxon Futhorc started to
be replaced by the Latin alphabet by the 9th century, and did not
survive much more past the Norman Conquest. Futhark continued to be
used in Scandinavia for centuries longer, but by 1600 CE, it had
become nothing more than curiosities among scholars and
834 In southeastern Norway's
Vestfold County a 65-foot vessel was buried in an enormous mound as
the grave ship for a rich and powerful Viking woman. In 1904 the
mound surrendered the Oseberg Viking longboat.
843 Jun 24, Vikings destroyed
850-933 Harold the Fairhaired. Princess Gyda is
said to have incited Harold to gather the whole of Norway under his
scepter. The name Gyda was later corrupted to Gjøe, the name of
Amdunsen’s Northwest Passage sloop (1903-1905).
(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)
891 Sep 1, Norse defeated near
c900-1000 Harald Bluetooth, or Harald Blatand,
10th-century king of Denmark, attributed to himself the unification
of Denmark and the Christianization of the Danes. He also conquered
Norway and raided Normandy. He was later invaded and defeated by
German emperor Otto II.
960 Thorvald Asvaldsson, the
father of Eric the Red (950-1003), committed a murder about this
time and was banished from Norway. He took his family to Iceland.
969-1000 Olaf Tryggvesson, Olav I, King of Norway
(WUD, 1994, p.1002)
c986 Denmark's King Harald
Gormsson (b.c958), aka Harald Bluetooth or Harald Blatand, died
about this time. He attributed to himself the unification of Denmark
and the Christianization of the Danes. He also conquered Norway and
raided Normandy. In 974 he was defeated by German emperor Otto II.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Bluetooth)(AM, 11/00, p.21)
986 Bjarni Herjolfsson sailed
from Norway to Iceland with cargo for his father, who had moved on
to Greenland. Herjjolfsson was blown off course and reached
Labrador, which he described as "worthless country."
(NG, V184, No. 4, Oct. 1993, p.4)(WSJ, 7/6/04,
986 Greenland's west coast was
settled by Icelanders and Norwegians, through a contingent of 14
boats led by Erik the Red.
995-1000 Olaf I was king.
(WUD, 1994, p.1002)
995-1030 Olaf Haraldsson, aka Saint Olaf, the
patron saint of Norway. He was king from 1016-1029. He and a crew of
Vikings attacked London and pulled down the London Bridge with
ropes. This is remembered in the nursery rhyme "London Bridge is
(WUD, 1994, p.1002)(SFC, 8/23/97, p.E3)
1002 Thorer Eastman (d.1002), a
Norwegian sea captain, was blown off course on a trading voyage from
Iceland to Greenland. He and his wife, Gudrid, along with a crew of
13 became stranded on a rock near the coast of Newfoundland for
weeks until they were rescued by Leif Eriksson, who was on his way
home to Greenland from North America with a cargo of timber. That
fall an epidemic swept Greenland and Eastman died.
(ON, 12/07, p.4)
c1004 In 2004 archaeologists in
western Norway found the remains of a harbor complex built by the
Vikings about this time, at the ancient harbor complex at
Faanestangen, near the west coast city of Trondheim, some 250 miles
north of Oslo.
1015 After converting to
Christianity in France, Olaf Haraldsson returned to Norway and
promptly conquered land held by Denmark, Sweden and Norwegian lords.
1016-1029 In Norway Olaf Haraldsson served as
king. He later became Saint Olaf, the patron saint of Norway.
(WUD, 1994, p.1002)
1024 Olaf Haraldsson
introduced a religious code in his efforts to convert the Norwegians
1028 Olaf Haraldsson was forced
to flee Norway by Canute, king of England and Denmark, Olaf returned
to reconquer Norway, but was defeated and killed at the Battle of
Stiklestad in 1030.
1028-1035 Canute the Great became King of Norway.
(AHD, 1971, p.198)
1030 Jul 29, The patron saint
of Norway, King Olaf the Second, was killed in the Battle of
Stiklestad. Olaf Haraldsson was born a pagan and lived as a warrior
for most of his years going on to become the patron saint of Norway.
The son of Harald I, Oaf's early career was spent outside Norway
fighting the Danes and English among others.
(HNQ, 11/30/00)(AP, 7/29/01)
1031 Olaf II, aka Olaf
Haraldsson, was named a saint.
1035 Nov 12, Cnut the Great
(b.c995), King of Denmark, England and Norway, died in England. The
area of his rule is often referred to as the North Sea Empire. As a
Danish prince, Cnut (Canute) won the throne of England in 1016 in
the wake of centuries of Viking activity in northwestern Europe.
Scotland submitted to him in 1017. His later accession to the Danish
throne in 1018 brought the crowns of England and Denmark together.
1045-1066 King Harold Hardready reigned. During
this time Snorre Sturleson wrote the "Heimskringla." In his
Ynglingasaga he said that in 1049 under King Svein and in 1051 under
King Magnus, a special sermon against Curonian pirates was
introduced in the Danish churches.
(DrEE, 11/23/96, p.3)
1047 Oct 25, Magnus I Godhi,
king of Norway and Denmark (1035-47), died.
1066 Sep 21, At the Battle at
Fulford Norway king Harald III Hardrada beat the British militia.
1066 Sep 25, King Harold
Godwinson II marched north and attacked the Vikings at the Battle of
AA Bridge in Yorkshire. Harald III Hardrada (51), King of
Norway (1046-1066), died in battle. Godwinson’s
forces destroyed the Vikings who returned to Norway in 24 of their
300 ships. Marching north to face a Norwegian invasion force
commanded by King Harald Sigurdsson, aka Hardraade, and by his
usurper brother, Tostig, Godwinson defended his crown at Stamford
Bridge, resulting in a Saxon victory and the deaths of both Harald
and Tostig. Soon afterward, however, Harold had to march south to
face another invading contender for his throne, Duke William the
Bastard of Normandy, who defeated and killed Harold at Hastings on
October 14, and took the English crown as William the Conqueror.
1066 Sep, Harold Hardrata, King
of Norway, sailed south with 10,000 men in 300 ships to attack
(TLC, Battles That Changed the World, 6/25/95)
1070 Bergen was founded on the
southwest coast of Norway.
(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.F7)
1100-1200 Chronicles mentioned stave church in the
village of Vaga.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1100-1400 The official stave churches were mostly
built during this period.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1103 Aug 24, Magnus III
Berbein, [Blootbeen], King of Norway (1093-1103), died.
1184 Jun 15, King Magnus of
Norway was defeated by his rival, Sverre.
1262 Greenland formally came
under the Norwegian crown.
1262 After a long and bloody
conflict between the various families and clans, the Icelanders
accepted the rule of the Norwegian kingdom.
(DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)
1263 Oct 2, At Largs, King
Alexander III of Scotland repelled an amphibious invasion by King
Haakon IV of Norway.
1319 May 8, Haakon V, King of
Norway (1299-1319), died.
1375-1412 Queen Margaret I (b.1353) ruled over
Denmark. In 1388 her rule extended over Norway and in 1389 extended
to include Sweden.
1397 Jun 17, The Union of
Kalmar united Denmark, Sweden, and Norway under one monarch. The
alliance grew out of the dynastic ties of the Scandinavian countries
of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in response to rising German influence
in the Baltic. The Kalmar Union is a historiographical term meaning
a series of personal unions (1397–1523) that united the three
kingdoms of Denmark, Norway (with Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe
Islands and, prior to their annexation by Scotland in 1471, Shetland
and Orkney), and Sweden (including Finland) under a single monarch.
c1440 Leif Eriksson drew a map
of America about this time. The "Vinland Map" was introduced in 1965
by Yale University as being the 1st known map of America, drawn
about 1440 by Norse explorer Leif Eriksson.
1472 The Orkney Islands were
part of Norway until this year.
(SFEC, 3/23/97, p.T3)
1520 Nov 4, Danish-Norwegian
king Christian II was crowned king of Sweden.
1523 Christian II was deposed
in Denmark after a civil war and was exiled. His uncle became King
Frederick I of Denmark and Norway.
1523 Sweden became independent
and dropped out of the Kalmar Union, formed in 1397 with Denmark and
1537 The Reformation came to
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1540 Renaissance artist Lucas
Cranach the Elder (1472-1553) created his painting "Suffer the
Little Children to Come Unto Me" about this time In 2009 it was
stolen from a Lutheran church in the southern Norway town of Larvik.
It’s value was estimated at 15-20 million kroner ($2.1-$2.8
1570 Dec 15, The Peace of
Stettin was concluded in Livonia. Denmark recognized the
independence of Sweden in the Peace of Stettin. Sweden gave up her
claim to Norway.
c1600-1700 A local commander in Varda burned over
70 women alive as witches.
(WSJ, 6/6/00, p.A1)
1627 The stave church at Vaga
was rebuilt by architect Werner Olsen. His design included a few
fragments of the original building.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1656 In Norway merchant Herman
Leopoldus (d.1696) began doing business after immigrating from
Lübeck to Christiania. His son, also named Herman Leopoldus
(1677–1750), became very rich and was in 1739 ennobled by letters
1684 Dec 3, Ludvig Baron
Holberg, founder of Danish & Norwegian literature, was born.
1751 A treaty between Finland
and Norway defined a strait-line border along the side of the Halti
mountain, depriving the Fins of the crest. In 2016 Norway PM Erna
Solberg suggested that her government might cede some 15,000 sq.
meters of Halti mountain as a birthday gift to Finland in 2017,
making it the highest point in Finland.
(Econ, 8/6/16, p.40)
1802 Aug 5, Niels Henrik Abel
(d.1829), mathematician, was born in Frindoe, Norway.
(Internet)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.A15)
1814 Jan 14, The Treaty of Kiel
or Peace of Kiel was concluded between the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Sweden on one side and the
Kingdoms of Denmark and Norway on the other side in Kiel. It ended
the hostilities between the parties in the ongoing Napoleonic Wars,
where the United Kingdom and Sweden were part of the anti-French
camp (the Sixth Coalition) while Denmark-Norway was allied to
1814 May 17, Norway's
constitution was signed, providing for a limited monarchy. Denmark
ceded Norway to Sweden.
(AP, 5/17/97)(HN, 5/17/98)
1814 The union between the
crowns of Denmark and Norway was dissolved. The Treaty of Kiel
severed Norway's former colonies and left them under the control of
the Danish monarch. Greenland became a Danish colony, and a part of
the Danish Realm in 1953 under the Constitution of Denmark.
1824 Niels Henrik Abel
(1802-1829), Norwegian mathematician, proved that equations of the
5th order cannot generally be solved.
(Econ, 5/15/04, p.80)
1825 Oct 9, The first Norwegian
immigrants to America, sailing form Stavanger, arrived on the sloop
(HN, 10/9/98)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.H4)
1828 Mar 20, Henrik Ibsen
(d.1906), poet and dramatist was born in Skien, Norway. His work
included “Peer Gynt" and “Hedda Gabler." "The worst enemy of truth
and freedom in our society is the compact majority. Yes, the damned,
compact, liberal majority." In 1971 the 3rd and final volume of
“Ibsen: A Biography" by Michael Meyer (d.2000) was published.
(HFA, '96, p.26)(HN, 3/20/98)(AP, 7/22/98)(SFC,
1829 Apr 6, Niels Henrik Abel
(b.1802), Norwegian mathematician, died of tuberculosis. After him
comes the term Abelian group, an algebraic commutative group. In
2004 Peter Pesic authored “Abel’s Proof: An Essay on the Sources and
Meaning of Mathematical Unsolvability."
(AHD, 1971, p.2)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.A15)(Econ,
1838 The Norwegian violinist
Ole Bull visited Memphis but the local whites preferred the fiddling
of the slave musicians.
(WSJ, 8/14/97, p.A16)
1841 Aker ASA was founded. By
2007 the industrial holding company was Norway’s largest private
employer with some 35,000 employees.
(WSJ, 12/10/07, p.B1)
1841-1912 Gerard H. Hansen, Norwegian physician.
He discovered the leprosy-causing Mycobacterium leprae (aka Hansen’s
(WUD, 1994, p.644)
1843 Jun 15, Edvard Grieg
(d.1907), Norwegian composer, was born. He was best known for his
"Peer Gynt" suite. In 1999 over 40 unknown pieces from 1858-1862
were found in Bergen, Germany. Grieg studied at Leipzig during this
(WUD, 1994, p.622)(SFC, 2/23/99, p.B3)(HT,
1853 The Kvaerner ASA
conglomerate dated back to this time. It developed into a
hydropower, shipping and pulp and paper giant.
(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A16)
1856 Christian Schibsted
purchased a hand operated printing press to print a newspaper for
somebody else. When the contract moved elsewhere he began his own
newspaper and in 2006 the original press could be seen in the Oslo
headquarters of the Schibsted newspaper firm.
(Econ, 8/26/06, p.52)
1859 Apr 4, Knut Hamsun
(d.1952), Norwegian writer, was born. He won the Nobel Prize in
literature in 1920.
(SFEC, 4/20/97, DB p.47-49)
1863 Dec 12, Edvard Munch
(d.1944), Norwegian artist (The Scream), was born.
(WUD, 1994 p.941)(NH, 6/00, p.20)(HN, 12/12/00)
1867 Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian
writer, wrote his poetic drama "Peer Gynt." He took his main figure
from a character in Norwegian folklore who flees from his difficult
mother, Ase, gets swept up in a world of trolls, grows up, gets
engaged in a variety of nefarious enterprises, and returns home
where he is redeemed by a woman who always loved him.
(WSJ, 1/28/98, p.A16)
1868 Edvard Hagerup Grieg
(1843-1907), Norwegian composer, completed his “Piano Concerto in A
(Econ, 8/13/11, p.81)
1870 Sophus Lie (1842-1899),
Norwegian mathematician, became a media sensation after he was found
outside Paris with a backpack filled with undecipherable
mathematical notes and arrested as a spy.
1872 May, George C. Johnson,
former sea captain and Consul-General for Norway and Sweden in San
(Ind, 8/11/01, 5A)
1872 Jul 16, Roald Amundsen
(d.1928), Norwegian explorer, discoverer of the South Pole, was
(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)(MC, 7/16/02)
1872 Aug 3, Haakon VII, King of
Norway, was born in Charlottenlund, Denmark.
1876 Feb 24, Henrik Ibsen's
"Peer Gynt," premiered in Oslo.
1879 Henrik Ibsen wrote his
play "A Doll’s House." Much of the dialogue was written to move
characters on and off stage.
(WSJ, 4/4/97, p.A7)(SFC, 1/7/99, p.A8)
1882 May 20, Henrik Ibsen's
"Ghosts" (Gengangere, 1881) premiered in Chicago.
1882 Henrik Ibsen wrote his
moral melodrama "An Enemy of the People."
(WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A16)
1882-1884 Norwegian adventurer Johan Adrian
Jacobsen collected some 200 Chugach items from graves in caves on
Chenega Island, Alaska, for Germany's Royal Museum of Ethnology. In
2018 a Berlin museum returned ancient wooden masks, an idol and
other spiritually significant artifacts plundered from graves to
1887 Feb 5, Peder Balke
(b.1804), Norwegian painter, died. He was known for portraying the
nature of Norway in a positive manner and influenced a dramatic and
romantic view of Norwegian landscape.
1887 Jul 18, Vidkum Quisling,
Norwegian minister of Defense, premier (1942-45), was born. He was
considered a traitor to his country for allowing an easy takeover by
(HN, 7/18/98)(MC, 7/18/02)
1887 Sophus Lie (1842-1899),
Norwegian mathematician, recognized a mathematical structure called
E8, which contained 248 dimensions. It took 120 years to solve. In
2007 Dr. Garrett Lisi proposed that this structure could be used to
describe fully the laws of physics.
1888 Mar 4, Knute Rockne,
Norwegian-US football player, coach for Notre Dame, was born.
(HN, 3/4/98)(SC, 3/4/02)
1888 Fridtjof Nansen of Norway
led a 5-man team across Greenland on skis.
(ON, 7/05, p.1)
1891 Feb 26, Henrik Ibsen’s
"Hedda Gabler" premiered in Oslo.
(SFC, 4/14/01, p.B1)(SC, 2/26/02)
1882 May 20, Sigrid Undset,
Norwegian novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter), was born.
1893 Jun, Fridtjof Nansen left
Norway for the North Pole aboard the Fram. He theorized that the
ship would become ice-bound and cross the Arctic and the North Pole
in 3 years.
(ON, 7/05, p.1)
1893 Edvard Munch (1863-1944),
Norwegian artist, painted "The Scream." The red sky in the painting
was later said to have resulted from his views of the red skies over
Norway during the 1883 volcano explosion at Krakatoa. In 2012 an
1895 version sold for a record $119,922,500 at auction in New York
(AP, 12/10/03)(AP, 5/3/12)
1894-1895 Edvard Munch (1863-1944), Norwegian
artist, painted "Madonna." In 2004 it was stolen from the Oslo Munch
(WSJ, 8/24/04, p.D8)
1895 Mar 3, Ragnar Frisch,
economist (1st Nobel prize in economy-1969), was born in Norway.
1895 Mar 15, Fridtjof Nansen
and Hjalmar Johansen left their ship Fram in an attempt to reach the
North Pole by dogsled. [see Jun 17, 1896]
(ON, 7/05, p.5)
1895 Jul 12, Kirsten Flagstad,
Norwegian opera singer, was born.
1896 Jun 17, Fridtjof Nansen
and Hjalmar Johansen met up with English explorer Frederick Jackson
at Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic.
(ON, 7/05, p.5)
1896 Aug 20, Fridtjof Nansen
and Hjalmar Johansen arrived back in Norway following a 3 year
Arctic venture. In 1898 Nansen published “Farthest North," a
best-selling account of his adventure. In 1922 Nansen was awarded
the Nobel Prize for Peace.
(ON, 7/05, p.5)
1896 Jul 16, Trygve Lie, first
secretary-general of the United Nations (1946-52), was born in
(HN, 7/16/98)(MC, 7/16/02)
1896 Dec 10, Alfred Nobel (63),
Swedish Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, died. By the time of his
death Nobel had acquired a massive fortune. In his will, he left
instructions that the bulk of his estate should endow the annual
Nobel prizes for those who had most contributed to the areas of
physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. In 1968, a sixth
award for economics was established [see Nov 27, 1895]. The
Nobel Peace Prize is therefore awarded on December 10. The first of
the Nobel Prizes was presented in 1901 according to instructions in
his will. At his death he was one of the richest men in the world,
he also felt it would be wrong to leave his fortune to relatives.
"Inherited wealth is a misfortune which merely serves to dull man's
faculties." Nobel wished the Peace Prize to be administered in
1896 Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian
playwright, authored “John Gabriel Borkman." This was Ibsen’s
1899 Feb 18, Sophus Lie
(b.1842), Norwegian mathematician, died.
1902 Apr 28, Johan Borgen,
Norwegian novelist, was born.
1902 Nov 1, Nordahl Brun Greig,
Norwegian writer, was born. He was a wartime hero during WWII.
1903 Jun 16, Roald Amundsen
(31) departed Christiana (later Oslo), Norway, aboard Gjøa with a
crew of 6 to search for the Northwest Passage. They reached
California in the fall of 1905.
(NG, 6/1988, p.765)(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)
1903 Jul 2, Olav V, King of
Norway (1957), was born in England.
1903 Dec 9, The Norwegian
parliament voted unanimously for female suffrage.
1903 Dec 15, The British
Parliament placed a 15-year ban on whale fishing in Norway.
1905 Jun 7, Norway declared
independence from Sweden. Their union had been in effect in since
(SC, 6/7/02)(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.F7)
1905 Aug 19, Roald Amundsen and
his crew of 6 aboard Gjøe, a converted herring boat, made contact
with the US Coast Guard cutter Bear, which confirmed their crossing
the Northwest Passage following a 26-month journey. Amundsen
continued by dogsled to the Yukon while his crew completed their
journey at Point Bonita, California, just outside the Golden
(SFC, 4/17/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A16)(Ind,
1905 Oct 26, Norway signed a
treaty of separation with Sweden and chose Prince Charles of Denmark
as the new king; he became King Haakon VII.
1905 Nov 18, The Norwegian
Parliament elected Prince Charles of Denmark to be the next King of
Norway. Prince Charles took the name Haakon VII.
1906 May 23, Henrik Ibsen (78),
Norwegian playwright and poet died in Christiania, Norway.
1906 Oct 19, The crew of Roald
Amundsen aboard Gjoe, a converted herring boat, arrived off the
coast of San Francisco following their crossing of the Northwest
Passage in a 26-month journey. The Gjoe was returned to Norway in
1972 and a commemorative sculpture was left next to the Beach Chalet
at Ocean Beach.
(SFC, 10/19/06, p.B1)(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)
1907 Mar 7, Rolf Jacobsen,
Norwegian poet, was born.
1907 Jun 14, Women in Norway
won the right to vote.
1909 Jun 16, In San Francisco
the Gjoe, explorer Roald Amundsen’s converted herring boat, was
passed as a gift to the people of San Francisco. He had used the
vessel to cross the Northwest Passage in 1905 and had arrived in SF
in 1906. In 1972 the Gjoe was returned to Norway and a commemorative
sculpture was left next to the Beach Chalet at Ocean Beach.
(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)(SSFC, 6/14/09, DB p.50)
1910 Nov 22, The Norwegian
freighter Seija sank in 300 feet of water off the coast of San
Francisco after a collision with another ship. 2 crew members were
killed and both captains were found at fault in a case that went to
the US Supreme Court.
(SFC, 9/17/14, p.A10)
1911 Oct 19, A team, consisting
of Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, Oscar Wisting, and
Roald Amundsen set out to reach the South Pole.
1911 Dec 14, Norwegian explorer
Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole, beating
an expedition led by Robert F. Scott. The best book on Scott and
Amundsen is by Roland Huntford "Scott and Amundsen."
(AP, 12/14/97)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.1,6)
1912 Apr 8, Sonja Henie
(d.1969), ice skater, actress (Olympic-gold-1928,32,36), was born in
Oslo, Norway. Henie won 10 consecutive world championships.
(MC, 4/8/02)(SSFC, 10/5/03, Par p.2)
1913 In Norway industrialist
Sam Eyde built the town of Rjukan, Telemark County, to provide
workers for a hydroelectric plant located at the foot of a nearby
(SFC, 10/31/13, p.A4)
1914 May 29, The Canadian ship
Empress of Ireland sank while enroute to Quebec City to Liverpool
after colliding with the Norwegian coal freighter Storstad. 1,012
(1,024) of the 1,500 passengers and crew were killed. The site of
the tragedy was proclaimed a protected historic and archeological
site by Quebec in 1999.
(SFC, 4/23/99, p.D3)(SC, 5/29/02)
1914 Jun 6, The 1st air flight
out of sight of land was made from Scotland to Norway.
1914 Oct 6, Thor Heyerdahl,
Norwegian entomologist and adventurer whose 1947 Kon-Tiki expedition
established the possibility that Polynesians may have originated in
South America, was born.
1915 Feb 23, Germany sank US
ships Carib & Evelyn and torpedoed the Norwegian ship Regin.
1916 Apr 16,
In Norway Lars Korvald (d.2006), later prime minister
(1972-1973) was born on a farm near the southeastern village of
Nedre Eiker. He graduated from the Norwegian Agricultural College in
1943, and became an agriculture teacher.
1916 Sep 13, Roald Dahl
(d.1990), son of Norwegian immigrants, was born in Llandaff, Wales.
He is best known for his children’s books such as "James and the
1917 Jan, In Norway a piece of
sugar containing anthrax bacilli was found in the luggage of Baron
Otto Karl von Rosen, when he was apprehended in Karasjok for
suspected espionage and sabotage.
(NH, 10/98, p.18)
1917 Dec 6, In Nova Scotia some
2000 people were killed and thousands wounded following an explosion
in Halifax harbor. The Imo, a Norwegian freighter ship, had collided
with the French munitions ship Mont Blanc and a fire soon caused a
massive explosion. A local court found Captain Le Medec of the Mont
Blanc and other defendants guilty of the collision. Canada’s Supreme
Court ruled that the captains of both ships were equally to blame. A
Privy Council in London ruled that Le Medec had done nothing
(EWH, 4th ed, p.1054)(ON, 7/05, p.7)(AP, 12/6/07)
1917 The Sami people held their
first congress in the Norwegian city of Trondheim. In 1992 they
declared Feb 6 as their national day.
1920 Feb 9, The Svalbard Treaty
gave Norway sovereignty over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, but
allowed other countries to establish settlements there and to
exploit its natural resources. The treaty allowed Russia to pursue
mining at Spitsbergen. By 2017 there were more than 40 countries
party to the treaty.
(WSJ, 9/19/97, p.A1)(Econ, 10/11/08, p.70)(Econ,
1920 Knut Hamsun (1859-1952),
Norwegian writer, won the Nobel Prize in literature for his work
"The Growth of the Soil."
(Econ, 11/7/09, p.79)
1922 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian
Arctic explorer (1893-1896), was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.
(ON, 7/05, p.5)
1924 Jul 10, Denmark took
Greenland as Norway ended its claim.
1925 Aug 24, The Svalbarg
Treaty took effect, at the same time as the Svalbard Act regulated
the archipelago and the first governor, Johannes Gerckens Bassøe,
took office. The Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the
Kingdom of Norway.
1926 Erik Rotheim of Norway
invented the aerosol can.
(SFEC, 1/17/99, Z1 p.1)
1828 Mar 20, Henrik Ibsen
(d.1906), Norwegian dramatist (Peer Gynt, Hedda Gabler), was born.
(HFA, '96, p.26)(HN, 3/20/98)
1928 Jun 18, Norwegian explorer
Roald Amundsen (b.1872) flew to the North Pole with a crew of
rescuers to search for the survivors of the dirigible Italia. They
were never seen again.
(ON, 10/00, p.8)(Ind, 4/27/02,
1930 Feb 5, Sonja Henie (17),
Norwegian figure skating star, won her fourth consecutive world's
amateur singles championship.
(NY Times, 2/6/1930, p.30)
1930 May 13, Fridtjof Nansen
(68), Norwegian Arctic explorer (1893-1896), died in Oslo.
(ON, 7/05, p.5)
1931 Jul, Norway occupied
then-uninhabited eastern Greenland as Erik the Red's Land, claiming
that it constituted terra nullius. Norway and Denmark agreed to
submit the matter in 1933 to the Permanent Court of International
Justice, which decided against Norway.
1931 Nov 30, The submarine
Nautilus was sunk near Bergen, Norway. Hubert Wilkins, Australian
explorer, had used the ship in a failed attempt to sail beneath the
(ON, 1/02, p.8)
1940 Apr 8, British troops
landed at Narwik to mine Norway’s territorial waters.
(ON, 11/05, p.3)
1940 Apr 9, The Nazi army
invaded and occupied Denmark and Norway. German forces landed along
the Norwegian coast and made a paratrooper assault on Oslo and
Stavanger. More than 300,000 German soldiers occupied neutral
Norway. After the Nazi invasion most of Denmark’s police were
(WSJ, 4/29/96, p.C-1)(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)(AP,
4/9/97)(ON, 11/05, p.3)(AFP, 10/17/18)
1940 Apr 10, Vidkun Quisling
formed a Norwegian pro-Nazi "national government."
1940 Apr 10, The HMS Hunter, a
British destroyer, went down with 110 men in the fist Battle of
Narvik as the Royal Navy tried to keep German forces from
overrunning a strategic Norwegian port. Germany lost 4 destroyers in
the battle. In 2008 a Norwegian minehunter found the wreck
1940 Apr 14, Allied troops
landed in Norway.
1940 Apr 15, French and British
troops landed at Narvik, Norway.
1940 Apr 29, Norwegian King
Haakon and government fled to England.
1940 May 5, Norwegian
government in exile formed in London.
1940 May 7-1940 May 8, The
British House of Commons debated the disastrous Norwegian campaign.
1940 May 10, Winston Churchill
took office as PM. Churchill formed a new government and served as
the Conservative head of a coalition government with the opposition
Labor Party. The debate over the Norway campaign led directly to
Churchill replacing Chamberlain.
(WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A6)(PCh, 1992, p.864)(Econ,
1940 Jun 9, Norway surrendered
to the Nazis during World War II, effective at midnight.
1940 Sep 25, German High
Commissioner in Norway set up the Vidikun Quisling government.
(SFC, 6/25/97, p.A10)(MC, 9/25/01)
1940 Nov 9, Germany invaded
Norway and Denmark. [see Apr 9, 1940]
1941 Jun 26, In Norway an
adviser to collaborationist leader Vidkun Quisling suggested in a
letter, four days after Hitler invaded the Soviet Union, that
northern Russia would be better used by Germanic peoples because
Slavic peoples "don't know how to make use of the land." The
document was not made public until 2010.
1941 Jul 16, Dag Solstad,
Norwegian novelist and playwright, was born.
1942 Oct, An advance team of 4
Norwegian commandos parachuted into Norway as part of Operation
Grouse to destroy the German-operated heavy-water Vemork plant on
the Mane River near Rjukan.
(ON, 4/07, p.2)
1942 Nov 26, The German ship SS
Donau prepared to leave the Oslo wharf with 332 Norwegian Jews bound
for death camps.
1942 Nov, A Royal Air Force
bomber and 2 gliders, carrying 34 British commandos, crash landed in
Norway. This was part of Operation Freshman, which planned a raid on
the heavy-water plant at Vemork. The survivors were captured by
German soldiers and executed by the Gestapo.
(ON, 4/07, p.2)
1942-43 Under the Quisling government 767 Jews
were deported to Auschwitz. An estimated 1,100 Jews fled to Sweden
and bureaucrats looted the possessions of 1,179 Jewish families and
71 Jewish companies.
(SFC, 6/25/97, p.A10)
1943 Feb 28, In Operation
Gunnerside Norwegian commandos flown in from Britain bombed the Nazi
heavy water plant near Rjukan. The raid was later depicted in the
1965 film "The Heroes of Telemark." The 9 commandos included Claus
Helberg (d.2003), Knut Haukelid (d.1994) and Joachim Ronneberg
(1919-2018). In 2016 Neil Bascomb authored "The Winter Fortress: The
Epic Mission to Sabotage Hitler's Atomic Bomb."
(SFC, 3/14/03, p.A27)(ON, 4/07, p.4)(SFC,
1943 Nov 16, One hundred and
forty American bombers flew from British bases to Vemork, Norway, to
destroy the Nazi heavy water facility near Rjukan, where production
had resumed despite a commando raid in February. Only 14 of some 700
bombs hit the plant killing 24 civilians. The bombing did not harm
the basement level where the heavy water was collected and stored.
(ON, 4/07, p.5)
1943 Gustav Vigeland (b.1869),
Norwegian sculptor, died. His major life's work was the creation of
212 sculptures of 600 figures in an Oslo park named Vigeland Park.
(SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A1)
1944 Jan 23, Edvard Munch
(b.1863), Norwegian painter and hopeless alcoholic, died. His work
included “Kiss by the Window" (1892), “The Scream" (1893) and “Self
Portrait With Cigarette" (1895). He had a breakdown in 1908 and
retreated to Ekely, where he painted for his remaining years. He
left behind a collection 1,008 paintings at his estate outside Oslo.
In 2005 Sue Prideaux authored “Edvard Munch: Behind the Scream."
(WSJ, 4/16/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 12/18/05, p.M2)(Sm,
3/06, p.60)(WSJ, 2/25/09, p.D7)
1944 Feb 20, A time-bomb
planted by Norwegian commando Knut Haukelid sank the Lake Tinn ferry
Hydro, which carried heavy water canisters from the Vemork plant
destined for Germany. 12 German soldiers and 14 civilian passengers
drowned. Rescuers saved 23 Norwegians and 4 Germans.
(ON, 4/07, p.5)
1944 Nov 12, The RAF sank the
German battleship Tirpitz at Troms Fjord, Norway. Great Britain so
feared the Tripitz, that any hint of its use caused escort ships to
flee their convoys.
(HN, 11/12/98)(MC, 11/12/01)
1944 Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian
figurative artist, was born. He made haunting oils of eerily
(WSJ, 3/19/97, p.A16)(www.oddnerdrum.com)
1945 Feb 9, The German
submarine U-864 with a crew of 73 sank about 2 1/2 miles off Fedje,
Norway. It was on a desperate mission to supply Japan with advanced
weapons technology and carried a poisonous cargo of 70 tons of
mercury. Leakage of the mercury posed a severe threat in 2006 and
plans were made to encase the wreck. In 2007 Norway’s government
said it would be buried in special sand to protect the coastline.
(AP, 12/20/06)(AP, 2/13/07)
1945 May 9, Norwegian Nazi
collaborator Vidkun Quisling was arrested.
1945 Sep 10, Vidkun Quisling
was sentenced to death in Norway for collaborating with the Nazis.
He was executed by firing squad in October 1945.
1945 Oct 24, Vidkun Quisling,
Norway's wartime minister president, was executed by firing squad
for collaboration with the Nazis.
1946 Scandinavian airlines
began as a co-operative venture between the airlines of Denmark,
Norway and Sweden. In 1951 they merged. Marcus Wallenberg Jr.
(1899-1982), tennis champion, sold out of railways to concentrate on
airplanes. Wallenberg helped to establish the Scandinavian Airlines
System and controlled companies that employed one of every eight
10/14/06, p.73)(Econ, 5/19/12, p.74)
1946-1953 Trygve Lie of Norway served as the
Secretary-General of the UN.
(SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)
1947 Apr 28, Norwegian
anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl (d.2002) and five others sailed from
Peru aboard a balsa wood raft named the Kon-Tiki on a 101-day, 4,300
nautical mile journey across the Pacific Ocean to Polynesia. They
wanted to prove that Peruvian Indians could have settled in
Polynesia. Heyerdahl published "Kon-Tiki" in 1950.
(AP, 4/28/97)(WSJ, 5/22/97, p.A13)(HN,
4/28/99)(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A2)
1947 "Kon Tiki" by Thor
Heyerdahl of Norway was published by Rand McNally.
(SSFC, 11/18/01, p.A28)
1949 Apr 4, The (NATO) North
Atlantic Treaty Organization pact was signed by the US, Great
Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy,
Portugal, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Canada. It provided for
mutual defense against aggression and for close military
1951 Apr 9, Vilhelm Friman
Koren Bjerknes (b.1862), Norwegian physicist and meteorologist, died
in Oslo. He did much to found the modern practice of weather
forecasting climate modeling. He developed the so-called Bergen
School of Meteorology, which was successful in advancing weather
prediction and meteorology in the early 20th century.
1952 Feb 19, Knut Hamsun
(b.1859), Norwegian writer, died. He won the Nobel Prize in
literature in 1920. His work included "From the Cultural Life in
Modern America" (1889), "Hunger," "The Growth of the Soil,"
"Victoria," and "An Overgrown Path." A film portrait of his life was
produced in 1997. In 2009 Ingar Sletten Kolloen authored “Knut
Hamsun: Dreamer and Dissenter."
(SFEC, 4/20/97, DB p.47-49)(Econ, 11/7/09, p.79)
1952 Dec 11, The outbound
Norwegian ship Fernstream was sliced open by the inbound SS Hawaiian
Rancher under heavy fog inside the Golden Gate. The Fernstream sank
in 30 minutes but all passengers escaped.
(SFC, 12/6/02, p.E16)
1957 Sep 21, Norway's King
Haakon VII died in Oslo at age 85.
1959 Nov 20, Seven European
nations (Austria, Britain, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden,
Switzerland) signed the Stockholm Convention to form the European
Free Trade Association (EFTA). The organization becoming operative
on May 3, 1960. After the accession of Denmark, Ireland, and the UK
to the EEC in January 1973, the EFTA began to falter. Portugal
(1985), followed in 1995 by Austria, Finland and Sweden, left to
join the EU. In 2017 Four members remained: Switzerland, Norway,
Liechtenstein and Iceland.
1959 Norway’s Stolt-Nielsen
shipping group was founded and grew to become one of the biggest
players in Norway's large shipping industry.
1967 May 11, The United Kingdom
re-applied to join the European Community. It is followed by Ireland
and Denmark and, a little later, by Norway. General de Gaulle is
still reluctant to accept British accession.
1968 In San Francisco Mayor
Alioto greeted King Olav V of Norway with a grand reception at City
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A10)
1969 May 25, Thor Heyerdahl
(1914-2002), Norwegian ethnographer and adventurer, departed with
his crew on the reed raft Ra for from Morocco. They abandoned their
trip 1 week shy of Barbados. Heyerdahl sailed across the Atlantic in
his Egyptian reed boat, Ra, and reported on garbage floating
everywhere in the sea. On 16 July the crew was saved by the American
yacht Shenandoah. In just 56 days they had sailed a distance of
2,700 nautical miles.
1969 Oct 12, Sonja Henie
(b.1912), Norwegian ice skater (Olympic-gold-1928,32,36) and
film star, died of leukemia on a flight from Paris to Oslo. Henie's
career included a record 10 consecutive world championships.
(SSFC, 10/5/03, Par
1969 Oct, Economists Jan
Timbergen (1903-1994) of the Netherlands and Ragnar Frisch of Norway
were awarded the first Nobel Prize in Economics for having developed
and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes.
Tinbergen was a founding trustee of Economists for Peace and
1970 May 17, Thor Heyerdahl
(1914-2002), Norwegian anthropologist, left Morocco aboard Ra II, a
papyrus reed boat, and sailed 3,270 nautical miles across the
Atlantic to Barbados in 57 days [see Jul 12].
1970 Jul 12, Thor Heyerdahl,
Norwegian ethnographer, crossed the Atlantic Ocean in "Ra" and
docked in Barbados.
1971 Norway began extracting
oil from its continental shelf.
(Econ, 10/10/15, p.69)
1972 May 4, The remains of the
ship Gjoe, a converted herring boat used by Roald Amundsen to cross
the Northwest Passage (1903-1905), departed San Francisco for Oslo,
Norway. A commemorative sculpture was left next to the Beach Chalet
at Ocean Beach.
(SFC, 4/17/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A16)(Ind,
1972 Oct 18, In Norway Lars
Korvald (1916-2006) became the first Christian Democrat to serve as
1973 Jul 21, Israeli
intelligence mistakenly assassinated Ahmed Bouchiki, a Moroccan
living in Lillehammer, Norway, as part of its retribution for the
Sep 5, 1972, terrorist attack in Munich. He was mistaken for Ali
Hassan Salameh (d.1979). Mossad agent Michael Harari (1927-2014)
escaped from Norway, but six Israeli agents were arrested. Five were
later convicted and sentenced one to five years in prison. Norway
later pardoned three of the agents.
1973 Oct 16,
In Norway the Christian Democrat government of Lars Korvald
(1916-2006) resigned as the socialists won a majority in
1980 Mar 27, The Alexander L.
Kielland, a North Sea Norwegian floating oil field platform,
capsized during a storm killing 123 workers. It was owned by the
Stavanger Drilling Company of Norway and was on hire to the US
company Phillips Petroleum at the time of the disaster.
1980 The 2,032 passenger SS
France became the SS Norway, flagship of the Norwegian Cruise Lines.
1981 Gro Harlem Brundtland
became prime minister of Norway.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A12)
1982 In 2005 Karin Linstad, a
leading Norwegian pro-Palestinian activist, said she infiltrated the
Israeli intelligence agency Mossad as a double agent in the 1980s.
The Oslo newspaper Aftenposten said Mossad had been skeptical of
Linstad's offer to act as an agent but was drawn in by her claims of
tight contact with leading Palestinians. The newspaper, without
citing sources, said she provided information about Palestinians in
Beirut, Lebanon, ahead of Israel's 1982 invasion.
1986 May 9, In Norway the
Conservative-led coalition resigned and Gro Harlem Brundtland
(b.1939) returned to power. She immediately appointed 8 women to her
1986 In Norway the Aker Brygge
shipyard on the Oslo waterfront closed and the area was developed
into a promenade.
(SSFC, 3/8/15, p.L3)
1989 Oct, The Nobel Prize in
Economics was awarded to Trygve Haavelmo of Norway, for
clarification of the probability theory foundation of econometrics.
(SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(AP, 10/11/09)
1989-1990 Jan P. Syse (d.1997 at 66) served as
prime minister of a conservative-led coalition government. He led
the conservative party from 1988-1991.
(SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)
1990 Apr 7, An arson fire
aboard a ferry enroute from Norway to Denmark killed 159 people.
(AP, 4/7/00)(AP, 1/14/12)
1990 Norway established a
sovereign wealth fund, the Government Pension Fund Global, to
prepare the country for a post-oil future and to prevent
deindustrialization. By 2020 the $1 trillion GPFG was the world's
largest fund and owned about 1.5% of all world shares.
(Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.14)(Econ., 5/23/20, p.61)
1990 Norwegian church groups
brought the government of Guatemala and rebels together for peace
talks in Oslo.
(SFC, 12/5/96, p.C1)
1991 Jun 5, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev delivered his delayed Nobel Peace lecture in
Oslo, Norway, warning that Western failure to heed his call for
economic aid could dash hopes for a peaceful new world order.
1991 Norway became one of the
first countries to adopt a carbon tax in an attempt to slow global
(Econ, 1/24/09, p.28)
1992 Mar 5, In Copenhagen the
Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany,
Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden, in the
presence of the representative from the European Commission, opened
a 2-day meeting and decided to establish a Council of the Baltic Sea
States to serve as a forum for guidance and overall coordination
among the participating states. Iceland joined the CBSS in 1995
1992 Nov 25, Norway formally
applies to join the European Communities.
1992 In Norway the 1993 Oslo I
peace accord was begun in 1992 following a research project on
Palestinian living conditions by Terje Roed Larsen. Larsen arranged
discussions between Uri Savir of Israel and Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala)
(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A21)
1992 Norway introduced a carbon
tax in an effort to fight global warming.
(Econ, 6/2/07, p.22)
1992 Norway dramatically cut
top tax rates on both labor and capital income, from a 58% top
income tax rate to 28%.
(Econ, 9/24/11, p.84)
1992 Norway’s 19th cent.
Holmenkollen Chapel, often attended by the royal family, fell victim
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1992 Varg "the Count" Vikernes
murdered a rival Satanist leader and was sentenced to 21 years in
prison. He was also involved in at least four cases of church arson.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1993 Jan 22, Norwegian Air
Shuttle was founded by Bjorn Kjos to take over the regional airline
services produced by Busy Bee for Braathens in Western Norway.
1993 Aug, Norwegian academic
Terje Roed-Larsen and other Norwegian mediators helped broker a
secret peace accord in which the Palestinians formally recognized
Israel's right to exist and Israel agreed to establish self-rule in
the West Bank and Gaza. The accord allowed thousands of PLO
guerrillas to return to Palestine without Israeli interference.
(SFC, 6/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 6/4/98, p.C3)(AP,
1993 Oct 11, In Norway William
Nygaard was seriously wounded when he was shot three times in the
back near his home in Oslo. Police believed this was linked to the
1989 publication of the Norwegian version of Salman Rushdie's "The
Satanic Verses" by a publishing house that Nygaard ran. In 2018
police formally accused several foreign nationals over the attack,
thus preventing the statute of limitations from closing the case.
1993 Dec 19, Israeli Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres and senior PLO officials ended two days of
closed-door talks in Oslo, Norway, in which they sought to break a
deadlock over Palestinian self-rule in the occupied territories.
1993 In Norway Labor's Gro
Harlem Brundtland won re-election.
1993 Norway legalized gay
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A14)
1993 Norway resumed the hunting
of minke whales after a six-year self-imposed moratorium.
(SFC, 5/9/98, p.A7)
1994 Feb 12, The XVII Winter
Olympic Games opened in Lillehammer, Norway. The official song was
"Fire in Your Heart."
(SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 3/12/98, p.A16)(AP,
1994 Feb 13, At the Winter
Olympic Games in Lillehammer, Norway, American Tommy Moe won the
men's downhill, defeating local hero Kjetil Andre Aamodt by 0.004
(AP, Internet, 2/13/99)
1994 Feb 14, At the Winter
Olympics in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen slipped and fell during
the 500 meters race.
(AP, Internet, 2/14/99)
1994 Feb 18, At the Winter
Olympic Games in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen finally won a gold
medal, breaking the world record in the 1,000 meters.
(AP, Internet, 2/18/99)
1994 Feb 19, American
speedskater Bonnie Blair won the fourth Olympic gold medal of her
career as she won the 500-meter race in Lillehammer, Norway.
(AP, Internet, 2/19/99)
1994 Feb 25, At the Winter
Olympics in Norway, Oksana Baiul of Ukraine won the gold medal in
ladies' figure skating while Nancy Kerrigan won the silver and Chen
Lu of China the bronze; Tonya Harding came in eighth.
(AP, Internet, 2/25/99)
1994 Feb 27, The Winter Olympic
Games ended in Lillehammer, Norway.
(AP, Internet, 2/27/99)
1994 May 7, Norway's most
famous painting, "The Scream," by Edvard Munch, was recovered almost
three months after it was stolen from an Oslo museum. Another
version was stolen in 2004.
(AP, 5/7/99)(WSJ, 8/24/04, p.A1)
1994 Nov 28, Norwegian voters
narrowly rejected European Union membership.
(WSJ, 4/8/96, p.A-14)(DT internet 11/28/97)
1994 Olav Koss announced that
he would donate Olympic awards from the Norwegian government,
totaling over $100,000, to an organization called Olympic Aid,
dedicated to helping children worldwide.
(SFC, 2/14/06, p.A11)
1995 Jan 25, A team of
Norwegian and American scientists launched a Black Brant XII
four-stage sounding rocket from the Andoya Rocket Range off the
northwest coast of Norway to study the aurora borealis over
Svalbard. Nuclear forces in Russia were put on alert, and the
nuclear-command suitcase was brought to President Boris Yeltsin, who
then had to decide whether to launch a nuclear barrage against the
United States. This became known as the Norwegian rocket incident or
Black Brant scare.
1996 Mar 10, A Norwegian member
of the Bandidos motorcycle gang was shot and wounded at the Oslo
(SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)
1996 Aug 29, A Russian Tu-154
plane with 141 passengers crashed on a desolate arctic island 6
miles from Spitsbergen where they were returning to jobs in a
Russian-run coal mine. It was the worst crash in Norway’s history.
(SFC, 8/30/96, p.A14)(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)
1996 Sep 19, The Arctic Council
was founded to promote joint scientific research and to study
pollution, conservation and mapping. The Ottawa Declaration named
eight members of the Arctic Council: Canada, Russia, Norway,
Denmark, Iceland, the United States, Sweden and Finland. The first
step towards the formation of the Council occurred in 1991 when
eight Arctic countries signed the Arctic Environmental Protection
1996 The prime minister of
Norway is Gro Harlem Brundtland.
(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-14)
1996 Aug 27, The 29 stave
churches left were under government protection and threatened by
arsonists of a Satanic movement.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1996 Oct 23, Gro Harlem
Brundtland announced her resignation as prime minister. Thoerbjorn
Jagland, leader of the Labor Party, was expected to replace her.
(SFC, 10/24/96, p.C3)
1996 Nov 1, Norway announced a
$24 million donation to educate girls in 19 African countries. The
gift went to UNICEF’s African Education for All program.
(SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)
1997 Jan 18, Norwegian Boerge
Ousland completed a solo crossing of Antarctica that began Nov 15.
He used a parachute and skies to help pull himself across the 1695
miles from Berkner Island to Scott Base.
(SFC, 1/18/96, p.C1)
1997 Jun 4, In Drammen a car
bomb destroyed the headquarters of the Bandido motorcycle gang. One
passerby was killed and 4 people were injured.
(SDUT, 6/6/97, p.A26)
1997 Sep 2, The US demanded
exemptions to a proposed global ban on land mines at an int’l
meeting in Oslo, Norway. The exemptions were for mines on the Korean
peninsula and for certain types of mines.
(SFC, 9/3/97, p.C2)
1997 Sep 14, It was reported
that Norway is the world’s 2nd largest oil exporter and that the
government sets aside nearly $8.3 billion into a fund for the
(SFEC, 9/14/97, p.A24)
1997 Sep 15, Prime Minister
Thorbjoern Jagland said he would step down after support in national
elections reached only about 35%.
(SFC, 9/16/97, p.A12)
1997 Sep 18, In Norway an
explosion at a Russian-operated coal mine in the Svalbard islands
killed 23 Russian and Ukrainian workers.
(SFC, 9/19/97, p.A14)
1997 Sep 23, The Gilmore Artist
Award, a $300,000 prize given every 4 years to a classical pianist,
was awarded to Norwegian pianist Leif Ove Andsnes at the Irving S.
Gilmore Int’l. Keyboard Festival in Kalamazoo, Mich.
(SFC, 9/24/97, p.E5)
1997 Feb, It was first noticed
that lake water near Oslo was subsiding in association with the
construction of an 8-mile tunnel.
1997 Jun, Terms of the Baltnet
Group, an Air Surveillance System for Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia,
were established in Oslo, Norway.
1997 Oct 25, In Norway it was
reported that a new 8-mile tunnel outside of Oslo was draining water
from nearby lakes at the rate of 10,000 gallons a minute. The
sealing compound Rhoca-Gil was supposed to stop the leaks, but its
use in Sweden had already caused water to be contaminated with
acrylamide, an agent that causes nerve damage. In Sweden
construction of a controversial tunnel was halted when water
draining from the tunnel was found to be contaminated by the sealing
1997 Dec 3, Dr. Christian
Sandsdalen was convicted for the mercy killing in Jun 1996 of Bodil
Bjerkmann (45), who suffered from multiple schlerosis. He was the
first Norwegian tried for mercy killing.
(SFC, 12/4/97, p.C4)
1997 Jo Nesbo (b.1960),
Norwegian writer, musician, and former economist and reporter,
authored "Flaggermusmannen,", his first Harry Hole crime novel. In
2012 it was translated to English as "The Bat." By 2020 his books
had sold over 45 million copies worldwide.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo_Nesb%C3%B8)(Econ., 5/23/20, p.72)
1997 Norway's King Harald V
publicly apologized on behalf of the nation for its treatment of the
Sami people. An estimated 40,000-60,000 Sami live in northern
Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia and have their own language.
1998 Jan 27, The UN named Gro
Harlem Brundtland, the former prime minister of Norway as the head
of the World Health Organization (WHO).
(SFC, 1/28/98, p.A6)
1998 cApr 3, A 2-day meeting
called by the Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers was
attended by 18 African nations, over a dozen European countries and
Japan, Canada and Argentina. They endorsed measures to control the
spread of light weapons.
(SFC, 4/6/98, p.A13)
1998 cMay 8, Norway authorized
another season of hunting minke whales with a 30% allotment increase
(SFC, 5/9/98, p.A7)
1998 May 26, In Russia Pres.
Yeltsin signed an accord with King Harold V of Norway for the
dismantling and disposal of 90 nuclear submarines decaying in the
Barents Sea. Russia expected Norway to provide $30 million for the
project, which was expected to cost billions and take over a decade.
(SFC, 5/27/98, p.C2)
1998 Jun 26, A draft law was
passed to set aside $58 million for Jewish survivors of Nazi death
(SFC, 6/27/98, p.A14)
1998 Jul 13, In Oslo delegates
from 21 countries met to draft strategy to keep small arms out of
the hands of terrorists.
(SFC, 7/13/98, p.A8)
1998 Aug 15, A 4 day conference
by religious leaders ended. The group pledged to form an int’l.
alliance to wipe out prejudice linked to religion and belief.
(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A21)
1998 Sep 16, It was reported
that Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik (51), too depressed to
work, was on sick leave. Plunging oil prices, surging interest rates
and political bickering forced him to leave almost 2 weeks ago.
(WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A22)
1998 Oct 12, Canada planned to
begin discussion with Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Liechtenstein for
the first trans-Atlantic free-trade pact.
(WSJ, 10/12/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 15, Up to 1 1/2
million workers were expected to strike for 2 hours to protest a
government proposal to cut the annual vacation allowance by one day
to 4 weeks.
(SFC, 10/15/98, p.A17)
1998 The Norwegian film "Junk
Mail" was directed by Pal Sletaune.
(SFC, 5/1/98, p.C5)
1998 A Norwegian newspaper
claimed that police on Cyprus routinely dismissed rape claims,
treating the victims as liars.
(The Telegraph, 1/6/20)
1999 Jan, Norway and Sweden
announced a plan to merge their state-owned phone carriers.
(WSJ, 3/29/99, p.A21)
1999 Mar 11, Norway approved a
$57.7 million package to compensate the nation's Jews for suffering
during WW II.
(SFC, 3/12/99, p.A15)
1999 Jul 6, Thor Alex Kappfjell
(32) was killed during a miscalculated jump in Norway. He had
earlier parachuted from the World Trade Center, Empire State
Building and the Chrysler Building in NYC, after which he pleaded
guilty to 3 counts of reckless endangerment and was sentenced to 7
days of community service.
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/9/99, p.D6)
1999 Aug 27, In Norway the
Supreme Court declared that it was legal to use discriminatory
statements in real estate listings.
(SFC, 8/28/99, p.A14)
1999 Nov 2, Pres. Clinton met
with Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat in Oslo to revitalize the
Middle East peace process.
(SFC, 11/3/99, p.A12)
1999 Oct 6, Jon Lech Johansen
(15) of Norway released DeCSS, a program that allows users to copy
DVDs onto computer hard disks.
1999 Nov 26, A Norwegian
passenger ferry, the catamaran Sleipner, sank at the mouth of the
Boemla Fjord. There were 16 people killed.
(SFC, 11/27/99, p.A14)(AP, 11/26/02)
2000 Jan 4, In Norway 2
passenger trains collided 110 miles north of Oslo. At least 20
people were believed to have died.
(WSJ, 1/5/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/6/00, p.A10)
2000 Feb 16, In Sri Lanka 57
soldiers and guerrillas were killed in renewed fighting as Knut
Vollebaek, the foreign minister of Norway, met with Pres. Chandrika
Kumaratunga to help broker peace talks.
(SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)
2000 Mar 9, In Norway Prime
Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik announced that his minority government
would resign following a failed vote of confidence in an
environmental dispute. He opposed new power plants to burn gas
(SFC, 3/10/00, p.D6)
2000 Dec 6, The 15-mile Laerdal
Tunnel between Aurland and Laerdal was scheduled to open after 5
years of construction.
(SSFC, 12/3/00, p.T3)
2000 Oslo formally apologized
to the 10,000 to 12,000 children born to Norwegian mothers and
German soldiers, who had suffered reprisals following WWII. It was
estimated that between 30,000 to 50,000 Norwegians, labelled "German
girls", had intimate relations with occupying troops during World
2000 Fred Kavli, a
Norwegian-born entrepreneur, sold his California-based Kavlico
enterprise, a global supplier of sensors for industrial application,
for $340 million. He then established the Kavli Foundation to
support basic scientific research.
(SFC, 4/12/08, p.C2)
2000-2001 Jens Stoltenberg, head of the Labor
Party, served as prime minister of Norway.
2001 Jan 17, It was reported
that Norway was lifting its ban on exports of whale meat and
(WSJ, 1/17/01, p.A1)
2001 Jan 26, Benjamin Hermansen
(15), a black teenager, was stabbed to death in Holmlia near Oslo. 5
Neo-Nazi Bootboys were soon arrested. In 2002 Joe Erling Jahr (20)
was sentenced to 16 years in prison and Ole Nicolai Kvisler (22) was
sentenced to 15 years. Veronica Andreasen (18) received 3 years as
(SFC, 1/30/01, p.A11)(SFC, 1/18/02, p.A6)
2001 Apr 3, Sri Lanka agreed to
open peace talks with Tamil rebels following diplomatic initiative
(WSJ, 4/4/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 9, The UN ranked
Norway as the country with the world’s highest standard of living.
PM Jens Stolenberg credited the nation’s welfare system.
(SFC, 7/10/01, p.A8)
2001 Aug 23, The Norwegian
government established the Abel Prize in mathematics in honor of the
Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829).
2001 Aug 25, In Oslo, Norway,
Crown Prince Haakon (28) married Mette-Marit (28), a single mother
and former waitress.
(SSFC, 8/26/01, p.A16)(AP, 8/25/02)
2001 Sep 10, In parliamentary
elections no party received a majority. The ruling Labor Party had
its worst showing in decades. Labor won 24% of the vote, its worst
showing since 1924 as voters rejected the high-tax funded social
(WSJ, 9/11/01, p.A1)(SFC, 9/11/01, p.B2)
2001 Dec, Vebjorn Sand,
Norwegian artist, completed a 330-foot bridge linking Norway and
Sweden at Aas, 16 miles south of Oslo. The design was based on plans
drawn up by Leonardo da Vinci in 1502.
(SSFC, 12/9/01, p.C2)(WSJ, 11/5/05, p.P12)
2001 Braathens, a Norwegian
airline, was taken over by the SAS Group, partly owned by the
governments of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. It merged with SAS in
2001 Ansar al-Islam, blamed for
attacks in Iraq and supported by a network of members in Europe, was
founded in late 2001 in Kurdish part of northern Iraq by Mullah
Krekar, who had lived as refugee in Norway since 1991.
2002 Jan, Per-Kristian Foss,
the Conservative finance minister, married Jan Erik Knarbakk. This
was the 1st legal gay partnership by a member of the Norwegian
(SFC, 1/16/02, p.A7)
2002 Feb 21, Sri Lanka approved
a Norwegian long-term cease-fire plan already approved by Tamil
(SFC, 2/22/02, p.A13)
2002 Mar, The condo-resort
ship, The World, first set sail from Oslo, Norway. The $280 million,
12-deck cruise ship ran into financing problems and was sold Oct 31,
2003, for $71 million to a residents' partnership.
(WSJ, 2/20/04, p.A1)
2002 Apr 18, Thor Heyerdahl
(87), Norwegian head of the 1947 Kon-Tiki voyage, died in northern
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A2)
2002 Dec 14, The Norwegian
Tricolor, a cargo ship carrying nearly 2,900 luxury cars capsized
and sank after colliding with the Bahamas-registered Kariba cargo
ship in the English Channel. Tricolor carried 2,862 cars, high-end
BMWs, Volvos and Saabs, and 77 other items, mainly tractors and
large crane parts.
2003 Jan 28, US and Afghan
forces battled rebels aligned with renegade leader Gulbuddin
Hekmatyar in the largest-scale fighting in 10 months. 18 enemy
fighters were killed in 2 days of fighting. Norwegian F-16s
participated in bombing enemy targets.
(AP, 1/28/03)(WSJ, 1/29/03, p.A1)(SFC, 1/29/03,
2003 Mar 20, Norwegian police
arrested Mullah Krekar, the leader of a Kurdish guerrilla group
suspected of links to al-Qaida, on kidnapping charges. After
settling in Norway in 1991, Krekar founded the Kurdish Ansar
al-Islam during visits to Iraq.
(AP, 3/20/03)(AP, 2/14/12)
2003 Aug 22, Oslo, Norway, was
ranked the world's most expensive city by Swiss banking giant UBS.
It was followed by New York, Zurich, Switzerland; Copenhagen,
Denmark; London; Basel, Switzerland; Chicago; and Geneva.
2003 Sep 30, Norway's national
film board lifted a ban on hundreds of films that were deemed too
sexually explicit or violent, including 1994's "On Deadly Ground"
starring Steven Seagal and the 1990 gangster epic "Miller's
2003 Dec 10, The Nobel Prize
awards ceremony were held in Sweden and Norway. Iranian democracy
activist Shirin Ebadi, the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace
Prize, accepted the award in Oslo, Norway.
(AP, 12/10/03)(AP, 12/10/08)
2003 Dec 12, Keiko the killer
whale (27), whose early life inspired the film "Free Willy," died in
Norway of apparent pneumonia.
(SFC, 12/13/03, p.A1)
2004 Jan 1, In Norway a new law
went into effect to allow foreign hunters to hunt seals. The
legislation raised the seal kill quota to 2,000.
(SFC, 11/27/04, p.A10)
2004 Jan 2, Norwegian police
arrested Mullah Krekar, Muslim Kurd leader of Ansar al-Islam, on
charges connected to 2 suicide bombings in Iraq 2 years ago. Norway
ordered Krekar deported in 2005 after declaring him a national
security threat, but postponed the move because of worries he could
face execution or torture in Iraq.
(SFC, 1/2/04, p.A3)(AP, 2/14/12)
2004 Jan 19, The freighter MS
Rocknes capsized in a narrow inlet between the island of Bjoroey and
Norway's western coast, less than 200 yards from land after it put
out a distress call. The 30 crew members included 24 Filipinos,
three Dutch, two Norwegians and one German. 12 crew members were
rescued. The death toll was put at 18.
(AP, 1/20/04)(WSJ, 1/21/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 25, A Norwegian
Academy awarded the Abel Prize in Mathematics to Isadore M. Singer
of MIT and Sir Michael F. Atiyah of the Univ. of Edinburgh for
discovering and proving the mathematical concept called the "index
(SFC, 3/26/04, p.A15)
2004 Jul 2, A Norwegian strike
began targeting the oil exploration sector. It incidentally affected
two mobile production units, the Petrojarl I, which ceased
operations in early September, and the Petrojarl Varg.
2004 Aug 22, In Oslo, Norway,
armed men stormed into the Munch Museum, threatened staff at
gunpoint and stole 2 of Edvard Munch's famous paintings, "The
Scream" and "Madonna" before the eyes of stunned museum-goers.
Another of 4 versions of “The Scream" was stolen in 1994. Police
recovered both paintings in 2006. In 2007 3 men were sentenced to
prison for their roles in the heist. The 3 were ordered to pay a
total of $262 million in compensation.
(AP, 8/22/04)(WSJ, 8/24/04, p.A1)(SFC, 9/1/06,
p.A2)(SFC, 4/24/07, p.D6)
2004 Sep 29, An Algerian asylum
seeker on a commuter plane in northern Norway attacked both pilots
and a passenger with an ax as the aircraft was landing.
2004 Oct 11, Edward C. Prescott
(63), an American, and Finn E. Kydland (60), a Norwegian, won the
2004 Nobel Memorial Prize in economics for shedding light on how
government policies and actions affect economies around the world.
2004 Oct 25, The Norwegian
Shipowners Association threatened to lock out more oil and gas rig
workers, a move analysts said could result in a near shutdown of the
third-largest petroleum exporter's production and drive world oil
prices even higher.
2004 Nov, Norway adopted new
rules that barred investments in its national Petroleum Fund “which
constitute an unacceptable risk that the Fund may contribute to
unethical acts or omissions."
(WSJ, 12/1/05, p.A11)
2004 Dec 5, It was reported
that the Norwegian firm Hydro and Qatar's state energy company
signed a deal to build one of world's largest aluminium plants in
the gas-rich Gulf state at a cost of three billion dollars.
2005 Jan 1, Norway was forecast
for 3% annual GDP growth with a population at 4.6 million and GDP
per head at $55,290.
(Econ, 1/1/05, p.89)
2005 Feb 22, It was reported
that Norway finished 2004 with the world’s best performing equities
market, based on nominal return on equity investment in dollar
(WSJ, 2/22/05, p.C20)
2005 Mar 6, In Norway 3 works
by Edvard Munch were stolen from a hotel, the second theft of the
renowned Norwegian's art in less than seven months.
2005 Apr 13, Norway’s Statoil
ASA announced oil exploration drilling from the offshore rig Eirik
Raude has been shut down after its 3rd spill into ecologically
fragile Arctic waters in just over two months.
2005 May 23, The Norwegian
Petroleum Directorate announced a wildcat exploration well drilled
in the Norwegian Sea has made a promising natural gas strike,
although it was too early to say how large.
2005 May, Norway announced a
new biennial prize for science, the Kavli prize, funded by
philanthropist Fred Kavli to begin in 2008. Only the fields of
astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience would be considered for
the $1 million prize.
(Econ, 5/14/05, p.84)
2005 Jun 8, In Norway US
Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and his Norwegian counterpart
on signed an agreement allowing the US military to continue storing
2005 Jun 10, King Harald V of
Norway and King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden met in the middle of the
Svinesund bridge and opened the span over a fjord south of Oslo.
2005 Jun 24, A Norwegian court
sentenced the pilot of a British Airways jet to six months in prison
for preparing to fly even though members of his crew were drunk.
2005 Aug 17, Norwegian
officials said 3 unarmed Polish researchers stranded on a remote
Arctic island were rescued by helicopter as polar bears were closing
in on them. The escape took place on an island in Norway's Svalbard
archipelago, about 650 miles from the North Pole.
2005 Sep 12, Norwegians lined
up at polling stations in what promised to be a close race between a
governing center-right coalition advocating lower taxes and a
left-leaning opposition that wants to spend more of the Nordic
nation's oil wealth on the welfare system. Jens Stoltenberg, head of
the Labor Party, and 2 allied parties won 87 of the parliament’s 169
(AP, 9/12/05)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.51)
2005 Sep 13, Norway's PM Kjell
Magne Bondevik, who presided over four years of unprecedented
prosperity fueled by high oil prices, said he will resign after a
left-wing opposition bloc won parliamentary elections.
2005 Sep, Henrik Syse (39),
professor of philosophy, began work as in-house ethicist for
Norway’s Petroleum Fund. His books included “Paths to a Good Life:
Philosophical Reflections on Everyday Ethics."
(WSJ, 12/1/05, p.A1)
2005 Dec 10, In Norway Chief UN
nuclear inspector Mohamed ElBaradei accepted the 2005 Nobel Peace
Prize, sharing the award with his International Atomic Energy Agency
for efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons. The other
Nobel Prizes were awarded in Sweden.
2006 Jan 1, Norway passed
legislation requiring every publicly traded company in Norway to
have 40% women on its board by Jan 1 2008.
2006 Jan 11, The British weekly
New Scientist said Norway is to build a "doomsday vault" in a
mountain close to the North Pole that will house a vast seed bank to
ensure food supplies in the event of catastrophic climate change,
nuclear war or rising sea levels.
2006 Jan 31, In the Economist
Intelligence Unit's biannual survey Oslo was reported to have
overtaken Tokyo as the world's most expensive city. Tokyo had held
the top spot for 14 years. Of 17 US cities featured in the survey,
the most expensive were New York (27th), Chicago and Los Angeles
(tied for 35th), and San Francisco (40th).
2006 Feb 6, Royal Caribbean
Intl. announced that it has ordered the world’s largest and most
expense cruise ship. The $1.24 billion ship, capable of holding
6,400 passengers, will be built by Norway’s Aker Yards.
(SFC, 2/7/06, p.C1)
2006 Feb 10, The editor of a
small Christian newspaper in Norway apologized for offending Muslims
by reprinting caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad in January.
2006 Feb 18, In Italy Kjetil
Andre Aamodt of Norway outwaited the weather and outran the field to
successfully defend the men's super-G title for his record eighth
Olympic Alpine medal. American Shani Davis won the men's 1,000-meter
speedskating in Turin, becoming the first black athlete to win an
individual gold medal in Winter Olympic history.
(AP, 2/18/06)(AP, 2/18/07)
2006 Mar 9, A fuel oil spill
from a chemical plant in southeastern Norway threatened hundreds of
birds in a salt water nature preserve, while snow and ice hampered a
cleanup operation. Nearly 200 barrels leaked during the transfer of
fuel oil from a ship on March 4, but because of ice in the harbor
area the oil was not visible and was not discovered before the ice
broke up on March 8.
2006 May 2, In Norway 3 key
suspects were convicted in the theft of the Edvard Munch
masterpieces "The Scream" and "Madonna" and sentenced to between
four and eight years in prison. The works were snatched by masked
gunmen from the Munch Museum in Oslo in August 2004. They are still
2006 Jun 2, Norwegian rig owner
Fred. Olsen Energy ASA said 8 foreign workers on an oil rig
operating off Nigeria were kidnapped overnight. The workers, six
British, one American and one Canadian, were aboard the drilling rig
Bulford Dolphin when it was attacked during the night.
2006 Jun 19, In Norway the
prime ministers of 5 nations gathered at the northern island of
Svalbard to lay the cornerstone for the Svalbard Int’l. Seed Vault.
The site will hold millions of seed varieties to restock the planet
in the case of a global catastrophe.
(SFC, 6/19/06, p.A3)
2006 Jul 4, Lars Korvald (90),
the first Christian Democrat to serve as prime minister of Norway
2006 Aug 23, In Oslo Villa
Grande, a sprawling mansion used by Norwegian Nazi collaborator
Vidkun Quisling during World War II, opened as a center to oppose
the intolerance, hatred and treachery he represented.
2006 Sep 22, In Norway police
accused four men suspected in an attack on Oslo's main synagogue of
also plotting to blow up the US and Israeli embassies. The men were
arrested Sep 19 in connection with an attack on the Mosaic Religious
Community synagogue, which was hit with at least 10 bullets on Sep
2006 Oct 5, Researchers in
Norway announced the discovery of the remains of a short-necked
plesiosaur, a prehistoric marine reptile the size of a bus, that
they believe is the first complete skeleton ever found. The 150
million year old remains of the 33-foot ocean going predator were
found in August on the remote Svalbard Islands of the Arctic.
2006 Oct 10, In Norway a
charter plane caught fire and skidded off the runway while landing
at Stord Airport.
2006 Oct 16, The biggest
underwater gas pipeline in the world, transporting gas from Norway
750 miles (1,200 kilometers) under the North Sea to Britain, was
officially opened by PM Tony Blair and PM Jens Stoltenberg.
Construction of the pipeline by Norwegian firm Hydro began in 2004.
The Langeled pipeline is expected to supply one fifth of Britain's
total gas requirements in the coming decades.
2006 Nov 9, The UN ranked
Norway as the best country to live in for a sixth consecutive year,
prompting the country's aid minister to tell Norwegians to stop
whining about wanting more.
2006 Nov 10, A Norwegian
refugee group said it is closing down its humanitarian operations
for nearly 300,000 people in Darfur because it is impossible to work
in the Sudanese region.
2006 Nov 13, Norwegian
government and industry officials said Norwegian hunters killed 546
minke whales this year, falling far short of their commercial
whaling quota because bad weather spoiled much of the season.
2006 Nov 22, In Norway a court
rejected an appeal by the founder of Ansar al-Islam, a suspected
Islamic terror group in Iraq, and upheld a government order to expel
him as a threat to national security.
2006 Dec 18, Norwegian oil
companies Statoil ASA and Norsk Hydro ASA announced plans to merge
their offshore oil and natural gas units in a nearly $30 billion (23
billion euro) deal they said would create the world's largest
offshore oil operator.
2007 Jan 5, The Norwegian
Directorate of Fisheries warned that some 790,000 salmon and trout
escaped from Norwegian fish farms in 2006, up 10% on the previous
year and a trend that poses a serious threat to wild salmon.
2007 Feb 23, In Norway 46 of 49
nations adopted a declaration calling for a 2008 treaty banning
cluster bombs, saying the weapons kill and maim long after conflicts
end and inflict "unacceptable harm" on civilians, particularly
children. Some key arms makers including the US, Russia, Israel and
China, snubbed the conference of 49 nations. Of those attending,
Poland, Romania and Japan did not approve the final text.
2007 Feb 25, Thieves in Oslo,
Norway, stole a work of art by Jan Christensen called "Relative
Value." It had pasted bills worth $16,300 on a sprawling 7-by-13
2007 Apr 12, A Norwegian oil
rig support vessel carrying 15 people capsized off northern Scotland
and five crew members were missing.
2007 May 9, Police in Brazil
and Norway detained at least 25 people in simultaneous raids on
suspected criminal gangs, seeking evidence of money laundering.
2007 May 21, Norway said it
would make its first transfer of direct aid to the Palestinians' new
government, more than two months after the Nordic country broke with
most Western nations by recognizing the Hamas-led coalition.
2007 Jun 1, The Norwegian
environmental group Bellona warned that a nuclear waste dump in the
Russia Arctic may be in danger of exploding because of corrosion
caused by salt water in enormous storage tanks.
2007 Aug 27, Ethiopia ordered
six Norwegian diplomats to leave the country by Sept. 15, expressing
"dissatisfaction" with Norway's conduct in the Horn of Africa
2007 Aug 28, Ethiopia justified
its decision to expel Norwegian diplomats arguing that Oslo was
interfering in its internal affairs and destabilizing the Horn of
2007 Sep 20, Borse Dubai and
Nasdaq, rivals to take over Nordic market operator OMX, said they
had joined forces to acquire it together in a deal that gives Borse
Dubai 19.99 percent of US-based Nasdaq and 28 percent of the London
2007 Nov 8, Nordic countries
again dominated the World Economic Forum's ranking of gender-equal
countries. New Zealand squeezed into the top five and the US fell to
31st place. Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland retained the top
four spots in the 2007 Gender Gap Index released by the Swiss-based
2008 Jan 9, Norway and Sweden
dropped plans to send some 400 troops to the UN peacekeeping force
in Darfur because of opposition by Sudan.
(WSJ, 1/10/07, p.A1)
2008 Feb 10, Norway closed its
embassy in the Afghan capital because of terror threats.
2008 Feb 21, A magnitude-6.2
earthquake, the largest ever recorded on Norwegian territory, hit
off the Arctic Svalbard islands, the national seismic monitoring
center said. No casualties or damage were reported.
2008 Feb 26, A "doomsday" seed
vault, built to protect millions of food crops from climate change,
wars and natural disasters, opened deep within an Arctic mountain in
the remote Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard.
(AP, 2/26/08)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.71)
2008 Feb 28, Swedish and
Norwegian authorities cracked down on terror financing, arresting
six people in what Swedish investigators said were coordinated raids
in Stockholm and Oslo.
2008 Mar 26, In Norway a
six-story apartment building collapsed in the west coast city of
Aalesund after it was hit by a rock slide, injuring 15 people and
leaving five missing.
2008 Apr 12, King Harald V
opened Norway's $840 million national opera house on the shores of
the Oslo Fjord, kicking off a gala performance. The parliament's
decision to approve construction and funding of a national opera
house belatedly confirmed an overly optimistic 1881 report in an
Oslo newspaper that the capital was about to get a new opera house.
2008 Apr 23, Norway raised its
main interest rate a quarter point to 5.5%.
(WSJ, 4/24/08, p.A8)
2008 May 28, The first winners
of the new Kavli Prizes for outstanding research in nanoscience,
neuroscience, and astrophysics were to be announced in Oslo, Norway.
(SFC, 4/12/08, p.C1)
2008 Jun 9, Russia and Norway
met for 2-days talks in the hope of making progress in a decades-old
dispute over their maritime border in the Barents Sea, a part of the
Arctic that could hold large oil and gas reserves. After visiting
the Norwegian town of Kirkenes, the ministers will go to Murmansk in
2008 Jun 13, Norway said it may
seek foreign help to extinguish its biggest forest fire since World
War Two, which has been raging for five days.
2008 Jun 17, Norway passed a
new equality law granting gay couples the same rights as
heterosexuals to marry, adopt and undergo artificial insemination.
2008 Jul 24, In southern Norway
a group of men armed with bats and iron bars attacked a center for
political asylum-seekers, leaving more than 20 people injured.
2008 Jul, Religious leaders
meeting in Norway unveiled a plan for a code of conduct for holy
sites on which all governments could agree.
2008 Aug 20, A top Russian
general said 64 of the country's soldiers were killed and 323
wounded in this month's fighting with Georgia. Russia informed
Norway that it plans to suspend all military ties with NATO, a day
after the military alliance urged Moscow to withdraw its forces from
(AP, 8/20/08)(AP, 8/21/08)
2008 Sep 16, Norwegian PM Jens
Stoltenberg said Norway will give Brazil US$1 billion by 2015 to
preserve the Amazon rain forest, as long as Latin America's largest
nation keeps trying to stop deforestation.
2008 Oct 10, Finland's
ex-president Martti Ahtisaari won the Nobel Peace Prize for his
efforts to build a lasting peace from Africa and Asia to Europe and
the Middle East. The Norwegian Nobel Committee said it honored
Ahtisaari for important efforts over more than three decades to
resolve international conflicts.
2008 Nov 20, The Norwegian
government said it has picked the US developed F-35 Joint Strike
Fighter to replace its aging US-made F-16 aircraft in a roughly 60
billion kroner ($8.5 billion) deal.
2008 Dec 3-2008 Dec 4, In
Norway 94 nations signed a treaty banning cluster bombs in a move
that supporters hope will shame the US, Russia and China and other
non-signers into abandoning weapons blamed for maiming and killing
civilians. Norway, which began the drive to ban cluster bombs 18
months ago, was the first to sign, followed by Laos and Lebanon,
both hard-hit by the weapons.
(AP, 12/3/08)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.70)
2008 Dec 10, The Nobel Prizes
were awarded in twin ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo.
2008 Dec, In Norway Think
Global AS, a front runner in the plug-in car market, filed for
Bankruptcy after its failure to get capital financing under the
current credit crunch.
(WSJ, 1/24/09, p.B2)
2009 Jan 11, Arne Naess
(b.1912), Norwegian philosopher, writer and mountaineer, died. He
was best known for launching the concept of "deep ecology,"
promoting the idea that Earth as a planet has as much right as its
inhabitants, such as humans, to survive and flourish.
2009 Jan 23, In northern Norway
an off-duty police officer shot and killed his ex-girlfriend with
another officer's service pistol, then critically wounded himself
outside the elementary school where she was a student teacher.
2009 Jan 26, Norway announced a
20 billion kroner ($2.89 billion) stimulus package to boost growth
(WSJ, 1/27/09, p.A8)
2009 Feb 23, Norwegian
architect Sverre Fehn (b.1924) died in Oslo. His unique style of
blending modern forms with Scandinavian traditions earned him the
prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize (1997). His white concrete
Glacier Museum (1991), which has been hailed as a landmark within
contemporary architecture. It stands on a plain carved by Norway's
Jostedal Glacier at Fjaerland Fjord.
2009 Mar 26, The MT Bow Asir, a
Norwegian tanker with a crew of 27, was hijacked 250 miles east of
the south coast of Somalia.
(AP, 3/27/09)(WSJ, 3/27/09, p.A8)
2009 Apr 17, In Norway a $225
million fund to provide low-price anti-malaria medicine around the
world was launched in Oslo to fight a disease that kills 2,000
children a day.
2009 Apr 17, In Afghanistan two
earthquakes shook eastern Nangarhar province, collapsing mud-brick
homes on top of villagers while they slept and killing at least 21
people. Two suicide bombers on foot tried to attack the office of
the minister of refugees in southern Nimroz province. Guards shot
and killed one bomber at the scene of the attempted attack. While
fleeing the 2nd bomber detonated his explosives, killing 3
civilians. A Norwegian intelligence officer serving with the
nation's peacekeeping force was killed by a roadside bomb near the
northern city of Maymana.
2009 Apr 22, A group of
Norwegian lawyers filed a complaint accusing 10 Israelis of war
crimes in Gaza under the country's new universal jurisdiction law.
2009 May 16, Norway’s
fiddle-wielding Alexander Rybak (23), dubbed 'Alexander the Great'
by Norwegian media, won a landslide victory in the Eurovision Song
Contest in Moscow for his song "Fairytale," gaining the most points
in Eurovision's 53-year history.
2009 May 25, Haakon Lie
(b.1905), a pioneer of Norway's welfare state and one of the
country's most influential politicians, died in Oslo. His several
books included "Slik jeg ser det naa" ("As I See it Now"), which was
published last year.
2009 May, In CongoDRC 2 former
Norwegian soldiers (Tjostolv Moland and Joshua French) allegedly
murdered their driver and attempted to murder a witness. The motive
behind the killing was unknown. On Sep 8 they were convicted of
espionage and murder. In 2010 a military judge threw out the ruling
and ordered a new case. In August, 2013, Tjostolv Moland (32), died
in prison. An autopsy report said he had hanged himself. French was
freed in May, 2017.
(AP, 12/4/09)(AFP, 9/8/09)(AP, 4/22/10)(AP,
2009 Jun 8, In Norway Georg
Mueller (58) stepped down as bishop in the western city of
Trondheim. On April 7, 2010, Norway’s Catholic Church said he did so
after admitting he had molested a child years earlier, when he was a
2009 Jun 16, The Norwegian firm
Opera Software unveiled new technology that allows it Opera 10 Web
browser to also function as a file server. A feature called Opera
Unite enables users to push content and establish communications
without the need for a 3rd party.
(SFC, 6/17/09, p.C1)
2009 Jul 19, Warren Titus (94),
founder of the Royal Viking and Seabourn cruise ship lines, died at
a hospice in Marin County, Ca. He helped father the modern cruise
concept as president of Peninsular and Oriental Navigation Co.,
which later morphed into Princess Cruises. He left P.&O. to
start the Royal Viking Line in 1972. After the SF-based Royal Viking
went out of business in 1987, he was called by Atle Brynestad, a
Norwegian millionaire, to start Seabourn Cruise Lines.
(SFC, 7/31/09, p.D5)
2009 Jul 24, A senior Chechen
official held talks in Norway with prominent separatist figure
Akhmed Zakayev, who said they had agreed to seek a political
settlement of rebellion in the south Russian region.
2009 Sep 8, In the Democratic
Republic of Congo two Norwegians were sentenced to death by a court
for murdering a Congolese man in the northeast of the country in
2009 Sep 14, Norway's
left-leaning government faced a splintered opposition in an election
focused on how to manage the Nordic nation's soaring oil wealth and
seal cracks in its welfare system. Jens Stoltenberg's Labor-led
coalition won 86 seats to keep a slim majority in the 169-seat
Parliament after using oil money to shield the welfare state from
the global recession.
(AP, 9/14/09)(AP, 9/15/09)
2009 Sep 15, Norway's PM Jens
Stoltenberg (50) said fighting climate change would be a priority in
his 2nd term after his left-leaning government beat a splintered
opposition to win re-election.
2009 Oct 4, Grameenphone,
Bangladesh’s largest mobile phone firm, opened the largest IPO in
Bangladesh history. It aimed to raise $70 million. It was owned by
Telenor, a Norwegian telephone company, and Grameen Telecom, a
non-profit founded by Muhammad Yunus, a pioneer of microfinance.
(Econ, 10/17/09, p.88)
2009 Oct 5, A UN agency said
Norway enjoys the world's highest quality of life, while Niger
suffers the lowest, as it released Human Development Index, a
ranking that highlights the wide disparities in well-being between
rich and poor countries.
2009 Nov 12, In Norway thieves
stole a valuable artwork by Edvard Munch from an Oslo art dealer in
downtown Oslo. One or more thieves stole "Historien" (History) from
2009 Nov 12, A Norwegian
freelance journalist kidnapped on Nov 5 in eastern Afghanistan was
released along with his Afghan interpreter. Paal Refsdal was in
Afghanistan filming a documentary for the Norwegian production
(AP, 11/12/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A2)
2009 Nov 14, In Moscow Magnus
Carlsen (18) of Norway became the new No. 1 chess player in the
world with a tournament victory over Peter Leko of Hungary.
(SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A6)
2009 Oct 28, Norway’s central
bank became the first in Europe to tighten, raising its policy rate
to 1.5% from 1.25%.
(Econ, 11/7/09, p.70)
2009 Nov 26, Shirin Ebadi, 2003
Nobel Peace Prize, said that Iranian authorities took her medal
about three weeks ago from a safe-deposit box, claiming she owed
taxes on the $1.3 million she was awarded. Ebadi said that such
prizes are exempt from tax under Iranian law. In Norway, where the
peace prize is awarded, the government said the confiscation of the
gold medal was a shocking first in the history of the 108-year-old
2009 Dec 3, A Congolese court
upheld death sentences for two Norwegians convicted of espionage and
murder, prompting condemnation from Norwegian officials. They had
been convicted in Sep of murdering their driver and attempting to
murder a witness in May 2009.
2009 Dec 10, In Oslo, Norway,
President Barack Obama accepted the Nobel Peace Prize, acknowledging
his own few accomplishments while delivering a robust defense of war
and promising to use the prestigious award to "reach for the world
that ought to be."
2009 Dec 12, Iraq sold Russian
firm Lukoil rights to the West Qurna-2 oil field, one of the world's
biggest untapped oil fields, on the 2nd day of an auction. Lukoil
will work with junior partner StatoilHydro of Norway.
2009 Dec 25, In Norway Knut
Magne Haugland (92), the last of six crew members who crossed the
Pacific Ocean in 1947 on board the balsa wood raft Kon-Tiki, died in
2009 Dec 31, In Myanmar
Freelance reporter Hla Hla Win (25) was sentenced by a court in
Pakokku for an alleged violation of the country's Electronics Act.
She was arrested in September after visiting a Buddhist monastery in
the northern town of Pakokku. The jailed reporter had worked with
the Myanmar exile broadcaster Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB), based
in Oslo, Norway. A man accompanying her was sentenced to 26 years in
2009 Karl Ove Knausgard
(b.1968), Norwegian writer, authored the first of his 6-volume
autobiographical work: “My Struggle" (Min Kamp).
2010 Jan 4, The Norwegian Chess
Federation said Magnus Carlsen (19) is the youngest person to hold
the title since ratings were introduced in 1971.
2010 Jan 6, A diplomat at the
Iranian embassy in Norway told Norwegian television that he had
resigned in protest over a crackdown on demonstrators in Iran. The
government in Tehran denied the report. In mid-February the
Norwegian Immigration Directorate gave Mohammed Reza Heydari and his
family permission to remain in Norway as political refugees after
going through "all necessary information pertaining to the case."
(AP, 1/6/10)(AP, 2/18/10)
2010 Jan 25, In Afghanistan a
Norwegian soldier died when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb in
Faryab province in the north.
2010 Feb 15, Yara, a Norwegian
fertilizer maker, agreed to pay $4.1 billion for Terra, an American
company. This would extend Yara’s lead as the world’s biggest maker
of nitrogen-based fertilizer.
(Econ, 2/20/10, p.62)
2010 Mar 24, Norway announced
that John Tate, an American professor at the University of Texas,
Austin, has won the 6 million kroner ($1 million) Abel Prize for
mathematics. The prize jury praised Tate as "a prime architect" of
number theory, a branch of mathematics that has played a key role in
the development of modern computers.
2010 Mar 24, In Norway 16 empty
cargo train cars careened downhill for 3 miles (5 km) on the
outskirts of Oslo before slamming into a port and killing three dock
workers. Faulty brakes were blamed for the accident.
2010 Apr 13, Norway’s Nokia
Corp. launched three less-expensive smart phones, including its
first model expected to sell for under euro100 ($135), in a strong
move to grab new customers in emerging markets.
2010 May 2, Norsk Hydro
announced that it was acquiring the aluminium assets of Vale,
a Brazilian mining giant, in a deal valued at $4.9 billion.
(Econ, 5/8/10, p.65)
2010 May 21, Norwegian browser
developer Opera Software said it is moving its data processing
capacity to a newly-built center in Iceland, one of the first
foreign investment deals for the crisis-hit island as it tries to
rebuild its economy.
2010 May 28, Indonesia said it
will impose a 2-year moratorium on large-scale clearance of
rainforests, effective as off January 2011, in return for $1 billion
grant from Norway to fund projects as part of the REDD plan (Reduced
Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation).
2010 Jun 27, In Afghanistan 4
Norwegian soldiers died after a roadside bomb exploded near their
vehicle in Faryab province. NATO forces killing a local leader of
the Haqqani group, a Taliban faction with close ties to al-Qaida, in
an airstrike in Khost province. The leader, known only as Satar, was
responsible for planting roadside bombs in the area. The US-led
operation, began in the region around Kunar province. 2 US troops
were killed in the operation. Pp to 150 Taliban insurgents were
killed in battles along the Kunar border.
(AP, 6/27/10)(AP, 6/28/10)(AP, 6/29/10)
2010 Jul 8, In Norway 2
suspected al-Qaida members were arrested for what Norwegian and US
officials said was a terrorist plot linked to similar plans to bomb
New York's subway and blow up a shopping mall in England. A 3rd
suspect was arrested in Germany. Authorities later said the
ringleader of the plot is Mikael Davud (39), an Uighur who came to
Norway in 1999 as part of a UN refugee program and then became a
Norwegian citizen eight years later. Davud was arrested along with
suspected accomplices Shawan Sadek Saeed Bujak Bujak, an Iraqi Kurd
(37), and Uzbek national, David Jakobsen (31). Norwegian and Danish
police later said the 3 were likely planning an attack against a
Danish newspaper that caricatured the Prophet Muhammad. Jakobsen was
released on Oct 15 after prosecutors revealed that he had been a
police informant in the case. Jakobsen still faced terrorism charges
because the allegations against the group rely partly on events that
took place before he approached police last year.
(AP, 7/8/10)(AP, 8/29/10)(AP, 9/28/10)(AP,
2010 Aug 11, Norway pledged to
work for democracy in Swaziland, Africa's last absolute monarchy
during a Norwegian-sponsored meeting held in South Africa and
featuring diplomats and Swazi pro-democracy groups.
2010 Sep 8, Belgian police say
10 people have been arrested in raids across Europe against hackers
who put illegal copies of movies and television series on the
Internet. Police said 5 arrests were in Belgium and the other
arrests were made in Poland, Norway and Sweden, where the alleged
leaders of four computer piracy networks were being held.
2010 Sep 15, Russia and Norway
ended a 40-year dispute in signing an Arctic border treaty which
opens the door to offshore oil and gas exploration. President Dmitry
Medvedev and Norway's PM Jens Stoltenberg presided over the signing
2010 Oct 10, Norwegian oil firm
Statoil is expanding further its shale gas operations in the United
States, saying it has created a joint venture with Canada's Talisman
to acquire acreage on the Eagle Ford prospect in Texas for $1.325
2010 Nov 4, The UN named
oil-rich Norway as the country with the best quality of life, while
Asia has made the biggest strides in recent decades. Australia, New
Zealand, the United States and Ireland followed at the top of the
standings. Zimbabwe came in last among the 169 nations ranked,
behind Mozambique, Burundi, Niger and Democratic Republic of Congo.
2010 Nov 18, The Norwegian
Nobel Committee Russia, Kazakhstan, Cuba, Morocco, Iraq and China
have declined to attend the December 10 Nobel Peace Prize ceremony
for jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. 16 more countries had not
replied by the committee's extended deadline. An award spokesman
said the Nobel Peace Prize may not be handed out this year because
no one from imprisoned Liu Xiaobo's family is likely to attend the
2010 Dec 7, In Norway Nobel
officials said China and 18 other countries have declined to attend
this year's Nobel Peace Prize ceremony honoring imprisoned Chinese
dissident Liu Xiaobo, as China unleashed a new barrage deriding the
2010 Dec 10, Dignitaries in
Norway celebrated this year's Nobel Peace Prize winner, imprisoned
Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, with an empty chair. Xiaobo,
derided by Beijing as a political farce, dedicated it from his
prison cell to the "lost souls" of the 1989 Tiananmen Square
(AP, 12/10/10)(Reuters, 12/10/10)
2010 Dec 10, Serbia reversed
its boycott of the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony honoring imprisoned
Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo after facing sharp criticism from the
EU and human rights activists at home.
2011 Jan 18, Negotiators from
the Philippines government and communist rebels agreed to resume
peace talks after informal meetings in Norway.
2011 Feb 15, In Norway
Stolt-Nielsen, founder of the Stolt-Nielsen shipping group, wrote
the following in the financial newspaper Dagens Naeringsliv: "When
(piracy) implies a great risk of being caught and hanged, and the
cost of losing ships and weapons becomes too big, it will decrease
and eventually disappear."
2011 Mar 11, Norway rejected
oil drilling in ecologically sensitive waters just above the Arctic
circle, partly because of worries over a disaster like the Gulf of
Mexico oil spill.
2011 Apr 1, Norway announced an
oil find some 120 miles north of its mainland in the Barents Sea.
The Skrugard find was believed to contain some 500 million barrels
(SFC, 5/2/11, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/44ljesw)
2011 Apr 25, In Libya Norwegian
F-16s flattened a building inside Muammar Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziyah
compound, in what a press official from Gaddafi's government said
was a NATO attempt on the Libyan leader's life. Refugees fleeing the
Western Mountains told of heavy bombardment by Muammar Gaddafi's
forces as they try to dislodge rebels in remote Berber towns.
(AP, 4/25/11)(Reuters, 4/25/11)(Econ, 4/30/11,
2011 May 4, The Chinese Embassy
in Oslo said Sino-Norwegian relations are "in difficulty" because
the peace prize was given to "a Chinese criminal ... and the
Norwegian government supported this wrong decision." Norwegian
salmon exporters were having their fish held up for days or even
weeks by Chinese food safety inspectors, devastating its freshness.
2011 Jul 22, In Norway a
powerful bomb tore open several Oslo buildings, including the prime
minister's office. Police confirmed the explosion was caused by a
bomb. A suspect in police custody, a blonde blue-eyed Norwegian with
reported Christian fundamentalist, anti-Muslim views, was suspected
in both the shootings at Utoya island and the massive explosion.
Anders Behring Breivik (32), suspected in the bomb and shooting
attacks that killed 77 people, including 69 on Utoya, had bought six
tons of fertilizer weeks before the massacres. A manifesto he
published online ranted against Muslim immigration to Europe and
vowed revenge on "indigenous Europeans," whom he accused of
betraying their heritage.
(AP, 7/23/11)(AP, 7/24/11)(AP, 7/26/11)(AP,
2011 Jul 26, In Norway the
defense lawyer for Anders Behring Breivik says the terror suspect
claims he is part of an organization with several cells in Western
countries and his attacks in Norway were necessary because he's in a
state of war.
2011 Aug 5, In the Norwegian
Arctic archipelago of Svalbard a polar bear mauled one person to
death and left four other members of a British youth expeditions
group seriously injured.
2011 Aug 16, Norway’s Statoil
said that the North SEa Aldous and Avaldsnes oil discoveries
together contain between 500 million and 1.2 billion barrels of oil,
significantly more than previously thought.
(SFC, 8/31/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3u5v3zp)
2011 Sep 11, Norway began 2-day
local elections. The ruling Labor Party won its best local election
result in more than two decades and the anti-immigrant Progress
Party plummeted in support two months after attacks by a right-wing
fanatic killed 77 people.
2011 Sep 15, Passengers on the
MS Nordlys were forced to evacuate a popular cruise off Norway's
craggy western coast when a fire in the engine room killed two crew
members and sent heavy smoke billowing through the ship.
2011 Oct 7, The Nobel Peace
Prize was awarded to Tawakkul Karman (32) of Yemen. She shared the
prize with Liberian President Ellen Sirleaf Johnson and Liberian
peace activist Leymah Gbowee, as the Nobel committee gave a nod to
the Arab Spring.
2011 Nov 29, Norwegian
prosecutors said confessed mass killer Anders Behring Breivik was
insane when he killed 77 people in a July 22 bomb and shooting
rampage, and should be sent to a psychiatric ward instead of prison.
2011 Nov 30, Norway said it has
temporarily closed its embassy in Tehran due to security concerns
after the British mission in the Iranian capital was attacked by an
2012 Jan 25, Boeing won its
largest ever order from Europe as Norwegian Air Shuttle ordered 122
planes. The deal was worth $11.4 billion at list prices. NAS also
planned to buy some 100 Airbuses. The total package for 222 planes
was about $10 billion.
(Econ, 1/28/12, p.65)(Econ, 4/27/13, p.61)
2012 Jan 30, In Norway 2 men
were found guilty Monday of involvement in an al-Qaida plot to
attack a Danish newspaper that caricatured the Prophet Muhammad. A
third defendant, David Jakobsen, who assisted police in the
investigation, was convicted on an explosives charge and sentenced
to four months in prison. The Oslo district court sentenced alleged
ringleader Mikael Davud, to seven years in prison and co-defendant
Shawan Sadek Saeed Bujak to three and a half years. The three men
were arrested in July 2010.
2012 Feb 15, Norway's state
railroads suspended testing of a new Swiss-made train after five
people were injured when it derailed and slammed into a mountainside
during a test run.
2012 Mar 15, A Norwegian
military plane crashed killing all five people on board during an
exercise in northern Sweden. Four men and one woman, all Norwegians,
were on board the C-130 heading from Evenes, on Norway's Arctic
coast, to the Swedish city of Kiruna.
2012 Mar 19, In Norway an
avalanche killed 5 people and one person was dug out alive after
Swiss and French skiers were buried on Sorbmegaisa mountain.
(SFC, 3/20/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 23, Norwegian
fertilizer giant Yara International said it had uncovered
"unacceptable payments" in Switzerland in connection with a
corruption probe into its activities in Libya. The company asked
last year for an external investigation after discovering possible
financial misdeeds committed before October 2008 in connection with
the creation of its Lifeco joint venture in Libya.
2012 Mar 26, The Norwegian
Foreign Ministry said it has decided to close down its embassy in
Damascus due to security concerns.
2012 Mar, In Norway Mullah
Krekar (56), Iraqi founder of the Iraqi Kurdish Islamist group Ansar
al-Islam, was sentenced to five years in jail for issuing death
threats against a former government minister and others. In July
Krekar, whose real name is Najmeddine Faraj Ahmad, faced three new
charges of inciting terrorist acts, threatening witnesses in a case
against him and criminal damage.
2012 Apr 5, A team led by a
Norwegian major general arrived in Damascus to negotiate the
possible deployment of a UN team that would monitor a cease-fire
agreement between Syrian government troops and rebel forces.
2012 Apr 16, In Norway Anders
Behring Breivik admitted to the July 22, 2011, bomb-and-shooting
massacre that killed 77 people but pleaded not guilty to criminal
charges, saying he was acting in self-defense.
2012 Apr 20, In Norway
far-right fanatic Anders Behring Breivik described in court how he
gunned down teenagers in the Utoya massacre as they fled in panic or
froze before him, paralyzed with fear.
2012 Apr 30, Norwegian telecom
giant Telenor wrote off the rest of its mobile business in India
worth 3.9 billion kroner (513 million euros, $680 million) after New
Delhi scrapped licenses in a massive fraud probe. In 2009 Telenor
acquired a 67.25 percent stake in Uninor which holds 22 of the 122
licenses cancelled by India’s Supreme Court.
2012 May 2, Edvard Munch's "The
Scream" (1895), one of the art world's most recognizable
images, sold for a record $119,922,500 at auction in New York
City. The previous record for an artwork sold at auction was $106.5
million for Picasso's "Nude, Green Leaves, and Bust," sold by
Christie's in 2010.
2012 Jun 16, Myanmar’s Suu Kyi
presented her Nobel Prize acceptance speech in Oslo 31 years after
winning the world's highest diplomatic honor in 1991.
2012 Jun 24, In Norway a
pension dispute led to an industry-wide strike by the nation’s
energy workers. The government intervened on July 10 after the oil
industry threatened to halt all output. Energy professionals in
Norway averaged $180,300 per year.
(SFC, 7/11/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 6, Japan, Norway and
their allies blocked a bid to give the UN a greater role in
protecting whales, as sought by conservationists frustrated by deep
polarization over whaling as the International Whaling Commission
closed its latest annual meeting in Panama marred by intense
2012 Aug 24, A Norwegian court
sentenced Anders Behring Breivik (33) to prison, denying prosecutors
the insanity ruling they hoped would show that his June 22, 2011,
massacre of 77 people was the work of a madman, not part of an
2012 Sep 11, Norway's
government said it will create a carbon-emissions program to
compensate domestic manufacturers, in the hope of dissuading them
from moving their industries to countries with less stringent
2012 Sep 14, In Norway the
Philip Morris company lost a court battle against Norway's
government over the right to display tobacco products in stores.
2012 Oct 17, Colombian
government and rebel negotiators met for their first set of talks
outside Oslo, Norway.
2012 Dec 19, Norwegian energy
company Statoil ASA said it has bought 70,000 acres of land rich in
gas and liquid gas in West Virginia and Ohio.
2012 Dec, An unnamed Iranian
diplomat defected from the Iranian Embassy in Oslo and sought help
from the Humlen & Rieber-Mohn law office, which specializes in
2013 Jan 17, British, Norwegian
and Spanish oil companies evacuated workers from Algerian energy
facilities following the hostage-taking by Islamic militants in the
Sahara desert and Algeria's attempt to free them.
2013 Jan 21, Arctic Council
members set up the first permanent secretariat at Tromso, Norway.
(Econ, 2/2/13, p.49)
2013 Jan 25, Norwegian energy
company Statoil ASA said two Norwegian employees missing after a
terror attack on a gas plant in Algeria have been confirmed dead.
2013 Feb 14, A Norwegian court
in Oslo sentenced Sadi Bugingo (47) of Rwanda to 21 years in prison
after he was found guilty of taking part in the slaughter of more
than a thousand Tutsis in his home country.
2013 Mar 10, Rwanda police
arrested Charles Bandora (60) following his extradition from Norway
to stand trial for his alleged role in Rwanda’s 1994 genocide.
2013 Mar, Norway expelled the
leadership of the Basque Homeland and Liberty (ETA) separatists.
(http://tinyurl.com/qd8kbqg)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.46)
2013 Apr 17, A Chinese factory
fishing ship caught fire just off the coast of Antarctica and 97
crew members were rescued by a nearby Norwegian vessel as Chile's
military mobilized to prevent any environmental damage.
2013 May 18, Russia's Sergey
Karjakin won the €100,000 ($130,000) Norway chess championship after
drawing against Veselin Topalov of Bulgaria.
2013 May 20, A Norwegian
security firm reported that cyber spies had attacked Telenor, one of
the world’s largest mobile operators, and that the attack was
probably directed from India.
(Econ, 5/25/13, p.61)
2013 Jun 19, Norway's
Parliament opened up a new area on the fringe of the Arctic Ocean to
offshore oil drilling despite protests from opponents who fear
catastrophic oil spills in the remote and icy region.
2013 Jun, Norway’s Telenor and
Qatar’s Ooredoo won an auction for mobile licenses in Myanmar. They
will compete with each other and a loca lstate-owned outfit.
(Econ, 9/28/13, p.68)
2013 Jul 16, In southwestern
France a neo-Nazi linked to Norwegian mass killer Anders Behring
Breivik was arrested after investigators decided he might stage a
large "terrorist act." Kristian Vikernes (40), who is also a
convicted murderer from Norway, had in the past received a copy of a
manifesto from Breivik, the far-right militant who killed 77 people
2013 Jul 17, In Dubai Marte
Deborah Dalelv (24), a Norwegian woman, was sentenced to 16 months
in jail for having sex outside marriage after she reported an
alleged rape. On July 19 she decided to speak out in hopes of
drawing attention to the risks of outsiders misunderstanding the
Islamic-influenced legal codes in this cosmopolitan city. Norwegian
diplomats secured her release and she has been allowed to remain at
the Norwegian Seamen's Center in central Dubai. She said her alleged
attacker received a 13-month sentence for out-of-wedlock sex and
alcohol consumption. On July 22 Dubai pardoned Dalelv.
(AP, 7/19/13)(Reuters, 7/22/13)
2013 Sep 9, Norwegian voters
cast ballots in a parliamentary election. A strong showing was
expected for the anti-immigration Progress Party. Erna Solberg (52)
led her Conservative Party to victory alongside three other
center-right parties, putting an end to eight years of center-left
(AP, 9/9/13)(AFP, 9/10/13)
2013 Sep 26, Norwegian oil
group Statoil said it had made a big oil find off the coast of
Newfoundland in Canada with 300 million to 600 million barrels of
2013 Oct 4, Norway said will
slightly reduce its aid to Afghanistan from next year, signaling to
Kabul that it has not done enough to combat corruption and violence
2013 Oct 11, The Norwegian
Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to the Organization
for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons as the global watchdog
worked to destroy Syria's stockpiles of nerve gas and other
2013 Oct 18, Kenya officials
identified Hassan Abdi Dhuhulow (b.1990), a Norwegian-Somali, as one
of the four attackers of the Westgate Mall on Sep 21. Charred body
parts taken from a collapsed portion of the shopping center still
awaited forensics analysis to determine if they were the remains of
(AP, 10/18/13)(SFC, 10/18/12, p.A2)
2013 Oct 25, Norway rejected a
US request to help destroy Syria's chemical arms, arguing that the
Nordic nation was an unsuitable site because it lacked suitable
staff, equipment and regulations.
2013 Oct 30, In Norway the
residents of Rjukan received faint rays from the winter sun in the
town’s market square for the first time following the construction
of three 183-square-foot mirrors on a nearby mountain. The town was
built 100 years ago to provide workers for a hydroelectric plant in
(SFC, 10/31/13, p.A4)
2013 Nov 4, In rural Norway a
knife-wielding man hijacked a bus and killed the driver and two
passengers before he was detained by authorities. A South Sudanese
man suspected in the hijacking and killing was a failed asylum
seeker who was about to be deported.
(AP, 11/4/13)(AFP, 11/5/13)
2013 Nov 19, Norway's military
intelligence chief said his country carries out surveillance on
millions of phone calls in conflict areas around the world and
shares that data with allies, including the United States.
2013 Nov 20, At UN talks in
Poland the governments of Norway, Britain and the United States said
they will allocate $280 million of their multi-billion dollar
climate change finances to a new initiative aimed at halting
2013 Nov 22, In India Magnus
Carlsen (22) of Norway defeated Viswanathan Anand of India in the
chess world championship, becoming the first Western player since
Bobby Fischer to hold the title. The match in Chennai, which began
Nov. 9, has been shown live on TV in both Norway and India, with
millions more watching online.
2013 Dec 6, The Norwegian oil
company Statoil announced the discovery of a major gas deposit with
its US partner ExxonMobil off the coast of Tanzania.
2013 Dec 10, Nobel Prize
winners collected their awards in Sweden amd Norway.
2013 Dec 30, Disarmament teams
returned Scandinavian escort vessels to port as they accepted an
end-of-year deadline for the removal of Syrian chemical weapons
could no longer be met. Norway and Denmark were providing ships to
transfer the the chemical weapons to the Cape Ray, an American-owned
ship fitted with equipment to break down lethal chemical agents to
an industrial toxic waste.
(AFP, 12/31/13)(Econ, 12/14/13, p.58)
2013 Norway extradited Charles
Bandora to Rwanda to stand trial for his alleged role in the
2014 Jan 15, Norway's Yara, the
world's biggest mineral fertiliser producer, said it has been hit
with a hefty fine by Norwegian authorities following an
international corruption investigation. The affair centered on
bribes to senior government officials in Libya and India, and to a
supplier in Russia from 2004-2009.
2014 Feb 25, The Norwegian
defense group Kongsberg says it has been charged with corruption
relating to its activities in Romania. The charges were linked to
deliveries of communication equipment to Romania from 1999 to 2008.
2014 Feb 27, Uganda shrugged
off foreign aid cuts and int’l criticism of its tough new anti-gay
law, saying it could do without Western aid. Denmark, Norway and the
Netherlands cut aid over Uganda’s anti-gay law.
(AFP, 2/27/14)(SFC, 2/28/14, p.A4)
2014 Mar 25, NATO member Norway
suspended all joint activities with the Russian military through May
because of Moscow's annexation of Crimea.
2014 Mar 26, The Norwegian
Academy of Science and Letters said Russian mathematician Yakov G.
Sinai (78) has won this year's $1 million Abel Prize in mathematics.
2014 Apr 8, A Norwegian court
authorized the extradition of Eugene Nkuranyabahizi (41), a man
suspected of being involved in the Rwandan genocide two decades ago.
2014 May 7, Tibet’s exiled
Dalai Lama began a three-day stay in Norway. Unlike on his previous
visits, no government officials will meet with him to avoid
2014 May 20, In Norway
international donors pledged more than $600 million dollars in aid
to South Sudan at a conference in Oslo aimed at averting a famine
threatening millions of people.
2014 May 27, Norway’s security
service said three men with alleged links to al-Qaida have been
arrested for supporting or participating in a terror organization.
Two of the suspects have fought for ISIL in Syria.
(SFC, 5/28/14, p.A2)
2014 May 29, The Norwegian
Academy of Science and Letters announced that nine scientists have
won the biennial Kavli awards for theories about the first moments
of the universe, discoveries about the brain and techniques to let
researchers see ever-tinier things.
2014 May 29, Norwegian police
removed Greenpeace activists from a platform operated by Statoil,
which they boarded two days ago in a protest against drilling in
2014 Jun 21, Albie Sachs (79),
the South African judge who rose to fame for his role in the
anti-apartheid struggle, was awarded the Tang Prize, touted as
Asia's version of the Nobels, for his contributions to human rights
and justice. Earlier this week, Norwegian ex-premier Gro Harlem
Brundtland was named as the first recipient of the prize for her
work as the "godmother" of sustainable development, while noted
Chinese American historian Yu Ying-shih was awarded for his
accomplishment in sinology. Immunologists James P. Allison of the
United States and Tasuku Honjo of Japan became joint recipients in
the biopharmaceutical sciences category for their contributions in
the fight against cancer. Named after China's Tang Dynasty (AD
618-907), the Asian prize was founded by Taiwanese billionaire
Samuel Yin in 2012 with a donation of Tw$3 billion.
2014 Jul 2, Norwegian energy
companies Statoil and Statkraft announced plans to build a wind farm
off the British coast in a 15 billion kroner ($2.4 billion)
investment, expected to be completed in 2017.
2014 Aug 21, Lithuania signed a
deal with Norway's Statoil to supply natural gas to the country's
new terminal starting 2015, as the Baltic state strives to cut its
dependence on Russian energy.
2014 Sep 20, Kiribati President
Anote Tong ended a Greenpeace-organized tour of glaciers in Norway's
Svalbard Archipelago, a trip he said left a deep impression that he
would share with world leaders at a UN climate summit next week in
2014 Sep 25, The Rafto
Foundation, a Norwegian human rights group, gave its annual prize to
Russian lawyer Pavel Chikov (36) and the Agora group, for their work
defending the right to fair trial.
2014 Oct 1, Jens Stoltenberg
(b.1959), former PM of Norway (2005-2013), assumed office as 13th
Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
2014 Oct 6, A US-British
scientist, John O'Keefe, and a Norwegian husband-and-wife research
team, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser, won the Nobel Prize in
medicine for discovering the brain's navigation system — the inner
GPS that helps us find our way in the world.
2014 Nov 13, Eight northern
European nations (Britain, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia,
Lithuania, Norway, Sweden) agreed to step up cooperation to counter
an increase in Moscow's military activity that has included a
tripling of NATO intercepts of Russian jets this year.
2014 Dec 11, In Vienna,
Austria, several states (Britain, Norway, Netherlands and the US)
pledged to back a UN nuclear agency (IAEA) request for 4.6 million
euros ($5.7 million) as soon as possible to pay for its monitoring
of an extended, interim nuclear deal between Iran and world powers.
2014 Dec 14, Norwegian police
said they have warned politicians about possible eavesdropping of
cellphone calls after several listening devices were reportedly
found in central Oslo, including near government buildings and
2014 Dec 22, Norway's prison
authorities said they had seized over 200 letters from mass murderer
Anders Behring Breivik to prevent him from setting up a network
2014 Dec 31, A Minnesota judge
ordered Norway to pay Ellen Ewald $170,594, double her lost wages,
plus $100,000 for emotional distress, for violating equal-pay laws.
She had been paid $30,000 less than a male counterpart. Norway has
had a diplomatic presence in Minnesota since 1906. The state is home
to nearly 900,000 people of Norwegian descent.
2015 Jan 2, A Norwegian cargo
vessel, the "Bulk Jupiter," sank off Vietnam. Bergen-based Gearbulk
said only one of the 19 Filipino crew members was known to have
survived. The lone survivor was the chief cook on the ship, but he
refused to cooperate with rescuers.
2015 Jan 16, A Norwegian
appeals court upheld the maximum sentence for Rwandan Sadi Bugingo
found complicit in the death of 2,000 people during his country's
genocide in 1994.
2015 Mar 2, In Norway flights
by a subsidiary of low-cost airline Norwegian Air Shuttle —
Norwegian Air Norway — were partly disrupted after pilots continued
a walkout begun Feb 28, causing the company's share price to crash 5
percent in Oslo.
2015 Mar 4, Thousands of
passengers were stranded in Denmark, Norway and Sweden as a strike
by pilots of Norwegian Air Shuttle continued for a fifth day.
2015 Apr 21, In Norway five
wolf hunters were sentenced to jail in an unprecedented
environmental crackdown to protect a tiny stock of about 35 of the
predators living in eastern pine forests despite widespread local
2015 Apr 29, In Norway three
football players received prison sentences for rigging matches in
the country’s third division. The Oslo District Court convicted them
of corruption and fraud for colluding with a Swedish gambler to fix
two matches that their teams lost on June 24, 2012. The Swede, who
made 340,000 kroner ($57,000) on the results, was sentenced to 1 1/2
years in prison.
2015 Apr 30, Norway said it
would increase its financial aid to Syrian refugees to nearly 120
million euros ($134 million) and would send another vessel to help
patrol the Mediterranean.
2015 May 8, A Pakistan military
helicopter carrying diplomats to inspect a tourism project crashed
killing 7 people, including the ambassadors of Norway and the
Philippines and the wives of the Malaysian and Indonesian
ambassadors. 17 people were on board the Mi-17 when it crashed into
a school in Gilgit and caught fire. The
Taliban later claimed responsibility.
(Reuters, 5/8/15)(AP, 5/10/15)
2015 Jun 5, Norway's parliament
voted to pull its sovereign wealth fund -- the world's biggest --
out of coal, in what is seen as a major victory for
2015 Jul 7, A Norwegian court
sentenced four former top executives at Yara, the world's biggest
nitrate fertilizer maker, to prison for paying bribes in Libya and
2015 Jul 7, Cuba and Norway
called for restraint in Colombia as they helped facilitate peace
negotiations in Havana between Colombia and FARC rebels.
2015 Jul 10, Oslo-based Scatec
Solar said Mali said has signed an agreement to build west Africa's
first industrial-scale solar power plant.
2015 Jul 12, Zimbabwean writer
Chenjerai Hove (59) died in exiled in Norway. His work largely
portrayed the struggles of Zimbabwe's powerless groups. He left
Zimbabwe for France in 2001 at the height of Zimbabwe's political
tumult, claiming he was in danger. He later relocated to Norway.
2015 Jul 16, The United States,
Russia and other Arctic nations signed an agreement to bar their
fishing fleets from fast-thawing seas around the North Pole. The
accord was also signed in Oslo by the ambassadors of Canada, Norway
2015 Jul 17, Norway’s Univ. of
Oslo said convicted mass killer Anders Behring Breivik (36) has been
admitted to the University’s political science program, although he
will stay in his cell to study.
2015 Aug 4, Russia's PM Dmitry
Medvedev ordered preparation of retaliatory measures against several
non-EU European nations that have joined the European Union's
sanctions against Russia. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway,
Montenegro, Albania, Moldova and Ukraine joined the EU sanctions
2015 Aug 31, Norway’s police
Chief Inspector Goeran Stenseth said that 151 migrants have crossed
the border this year near the northeastern town of Kirkenes.
2015 Sep 5, Former US
intelligence worker Edward Snowden received a prize from the
Norwegian Academy of Literature and Freedom of Expression via a live
link from Russia, where he has sought asylum from US charges.
(SSFC, 9/6/15, p.A4)
2015 Sep 14, Norway held local
elections. The opposition Labor Party emerged as the winner of the
election with 33 percent, its best result in a local election since
1987. The two parties in the right-leaning coalition government
suffered large losses, partly because of the anti-immigration
Progress Party's opposition to Syrian refugees.
2015 Sep 15, Norway said it
will make a final $100-million payment to Brazil this year to
complete a $1-billion project that rewards a slowdown in forest loss
in the Amazon basin.
2015 Sep 17, Kenyan security
forces searching one of its ships at Mombasa port discovered
undeclared weapons among the consignment of UN vehicles. The
consignment of vehicles was from Mumbai, India, and was destined for
the UN peacekeeping mission in Congo. On Sep 27 the
Norwegian-flagged ship was reported released.
(AP, 9/23/15)(AP, 9/27/15)
2015 Oct 19, Oslo, Norway,
officials said cars will be banned from the city center by 2019 to
help reduce pollution.
2015 Oct 30, Coast Guard
leaders from the US, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and
Sweden signed an agreement setting up the Arctic Coast Guard Forum
dedicated to stewardship of Arctic waters.
(SFC, 10/31/15, p.A4)
2015 Nov 12, Police announced a
swoop on a European jihadist network that was allegedly planning to
kidnap diplomats and carry out attacks to try to spring its leader
out of detention in Norway. Seventeen arrest warrants were issued
and 13 people were detained in Britain, Italy and Norway.
2015 Nov 13, Norway said its
police, who had been authorized to carry firearms for the past year
due to a heightened threat of Islamist attacks, will be unarmed
again now that the threat level has been lowered.
2015 Dec 19, In Norway a man
was killed when an avalanche hit the town of Longyearbyen, the
biggest settlement on the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. The
avalanche engulfed about 10 houses in the town, which has some 2,000
2016 Mar 15, Norway's Academy
of Science and Letters said British mathematician Sir Andrew J.
Wiles has won the Abel Prize in math for his stunning proof of
French mathematician Pierre de Fermat's Last Theorem, first
conjectured by Fermat in 1637.
2016 Apr 4, Norway's government
invited the heads of top company boards to talks on corruption as
offshore banking revelations added to a string of allegations over
the ethics of some of the country's largest firms. The invitation
followed the leak of more than 11.5 million documents from the files
of a Panama-based law firm, allegedly showing how clients avoided
tax or laundered money.
2016 Apr 20, Norwegian mass
murderer Anders Behring Breivik won his lawsuit against the state
over his "inhuman" solitary confinement in prison. The court
concluded that the prison conditions constitute inhuman treatment.
2016 Apr 29, Off western Norway
a helicopter traveling from a North Sea oil field to Bergen, 120 km
(74 miles) away on the Norwegian mainland, crashed into a tiny
island killing all 13 aboard. In 2017 the country's Accident
Investigation Board (AIBN) said metal fatigue in the aircraft's
gearbox caused the crash.
(AP, 4/29/16)(Reuters, 4/28/17)
2016 May 13, President Barack
Obama welcomed a group of Nordic leaders to the White House and
celebrated the five Nordic nations (Denmark, Finland, Iceland,
Norway and Sweden) as models of reliability, equality, generosity,
responsibility, even personal happiness. Obama said that he and the
five Nordic nations agreed on the need to maintain sanctions against
(AP, 5/13/16)(Reuters, 5/13/16)
2016 May 18, Norway awarded 10
new licenses for offshore oil and gas exploration in the Barents
Sea, including three in previously untouched waters near the Russian
border. The 13 companies awarded participating interests in the
licensing round included Statoil, Chevron, ConocoPhillips and
2016 Jun 2, Norway announced
that nine scientists have won this year’s Kavli Prize for their work
on gravitational waves.
(SSFC, 6/5/16, p.C8)
2016 Jun 7, Norway's parliament
agreed on a goal to cut the country's net greenhouse gas emissions
to zero by 2030, moving the target forward by 20 years.
2016 Jun 22, Norway said it
might send troops into Syria, including special forces after
parliament authorized it to do so.
2016 Aug 3, A Norwegian court
sentenced two men to prison for affiliation with the Islamic State
group in Syria. Hasan Ahmed was sentenced to six years and Adam
Idrisovich Magomadov to 7½.
2016 Aug 22, Jordan signed
grant agreements for the school program with Britain, the US, Norway
and Switzerland. Donor countries pledged close to $100 million to
help Jordan enroll all Syrian refugee children in the kingdom in
schools next month.
2016 Aug 22, Philippine
government and Maoist-led guerrillas opened peace talks in Oslo,
seeking to end nearly five decades of conflict that has killed more
than 40,000 people. Both sides announced ceasefires at the weekend
to buoy the talks.
2016 Aug 26, In central Norway
323 wild reindeer werre killed by lighting on the Hardangervidda
2016 Aug 31, The Coalition for
Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) was founded in London. It
planned to build up a bank of candidate vaccines for as many as
possible of the viral diseases that lurk on the edges of human
society. Founders included the Wellcome, the Bill and Melinda Gates
Foundation, the World Economics Forum and the government of Norway.
(Econ, 9/3/16, p.67)
2016 Nov 20, Norwegian police
said they were investigating a pedophile network suspected to
involve at least 51 people, which includes the abuse of infants and
at least one case of a suspect acknowledging abusing his own
2016 Dec 2, German police said
an iron gate with the infamous slogan "Arbeit macht frei" ("Work
will set you free") stolen from the former Nazi concentration camp
Dachau two years ago has been found in Norway.
2016 Dec 9, The Norwegian
Refugee Council said South Sudan has expelled Victor Moses, its
country director there.
2016 Dec 19, China and Norway
announced the resumption of diplomatic relations during a surprise
visit to Beijing by Norwegian Foreign Minister Borge Brende. This
came six years after Beijing froze ties with Oslo over the awarding
of the Nobel Peace Prize to a Chinese dissident.
2016 Norway’s population was
about 5.2 million.
(Econ, 9/24/16, p.67)
2017 Jan 11, Norway began
shutting off FM radio signals and planned to have all of its radio
networks only on Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) by the end of the
(SFC, 1/11/17, p.A4)
2017 Jan 30, Norway's Lutheran
Church voted in favor of new ceremonial language that will allow its
pastors to conduct same-sex marriages, bringing it into line with
several other mainstream Protestant denominations abroad.
2017 Feb 3, The Norwegian
security service said nine personal civil-servant email accounts
have been targeted by hackers in "spear-phishing" attacks believed
to be associated with Russian intelligence. No classified
information was taken.
2017 Feb 6, The indigenous Sami
people of Europe's Arctic north, formerly nomadic reindeer herders
in Lapland, celebrated their national day with hundreds of events
across the Nordic lands. The Sami settled with their reindeer herds
9,000 years ago in Europe's Arctic and now number 70,000 people
spread across Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.
2017 Feb 20, Norway said it has
joined an international initiative to raise millions of dollars to
replace shortfalls left by US President Donald Trump's ban on
US-funded groups worldwide providing information on abortion.
2017 Feb 23, UN aid agencies
and donor countries gathered in Oslo for a two-day meeting to raise
emergency aid for millions of people threatened by famine in the
Lake Chad region, which comprises northeast Nigeria, northern
Cameroon, western Chad and southeast Niger.
2017 Feb 24, In Norway fourteen
donor countries, with the US conspicuously absent, pledged $672
million in emergency aid for people threatened by famine after eight
years of Boko Haram violence in the Lake Chad region, but the sum is
just a fraction of what the UN says is needed.
2017 Mar 1, A Norway appeals
court ruled that Norway did not violate the human rights of mass
murderer Anders Behring Breivik by isolating him in jail,
overturning a lower court ruling from last year.
2017 Mar 20, Norway jumped to
top spot in the World Happiness Report despite the plummeting price
of oil. Denmark fell to second, followed by Iceland, Switzerland and
2017 Mar 22, Norway granted
political asylum to a group of Turkish military officers based in
Norway who had refused to return home after the failed July 15 coup
2017 Apr 1, Norway kicked off
its annual six-month whale hunt season with a quota of 999 minke
whales, up from 880 animals in 2016.
2017 Apr 5, Norway said it
plans to build a 5,610-foot tunnel for ships. The Stad Ship Tunnel
was expected to open in 2023 at a cost of $314 million.
(SFC, 4/7/17, p.A6)
2017 Apr 8, Norway's police
found an explosive device late today near a busy subway station in
Oslo. The device was neutralize and a suspect was soon arrested.
2017 Apr 21, PEN, a Norwegian
press advocacy group, finally gave an award to Edward Snowden in
Moscow after several failed attempts to win a legal guarantee in
Norway that the former National Security Agency contractor could
travel freely without risk of being extradited to the United States.
2017 Apr 27, In Cyprus a
Cypriot-Norwegian child was kidnapped from outside a nursery school
in the capital Nicosia. The next day four men were remanded in
custody over the kidnapping. The Norwegian father emailed the mother
to say the girl was with him somewhere in Cyprus.
2017 May 5, The Norwegian
central bank said Norway's wealth fund has excluded Bharat Heavy
Electricals from its investment portfolio because of concerns over
the environmental impact of a plant the Indian company is building.
BHEL was building a coal-fired power plant close to the Sundarbans,
the world's largest mangrove forest, in Bangladesh.
2017 May 9, Norway’s
second-largest supermarket chain, Coop Norway, said it has launched
reverse vending machines that give customers discount coupons for
new batteries when they deposit old ones for recycling.
(SFC, 5/10/17, p.A2)
2017 May 30, Some 200 troops
and 60 combat vehicles from Norway arrived in Lithuania, completing
a multinational NATO unit of more than 1,000 soldiers in the Baltic
nation neighboring Russia.
2017 Jun 2, The chief executive
of Norway's $960 billion sovereign wealth fund said he will ask the
banks in which it has invested to disclose how their lending
contributes to global emissions of greenhouse gases.
2017 Jun 9, It was reported
that Norwegian mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik (38), who is
serving a 21-year sentence for killing 77 people in a 2011
bomb-and-shooting rampage in Norway, has legally changed his name to
2017 Jun 19, In Norway
participants from 21 countries gathered at a conference in Oslo and
called for an end to deforestation in the first international
multi-faith, multi-cultural plea to reduce the emissions that fuel
2017 Jun 21, Norway said some
330 US Marines will be stationed in Norway until the end of 2018,
doubling the length of what was initially billed as a one-year trial
2017 Jun 23, Norway’s PM Erna
Solberg warned Brazil’s Pres. Michel Temer to curb deforestation in
the Amazon or Norway will reduce its financial contribution to the
(SFC, 6/24/17, p.A2)
2017 Jun 27, Chinese pop star
Wang Leehom christened the new cruise chip Norwegian Joy in
Shanghai. It was built for Norwegian Cruise Line by Meyer Werft in
(Econ 7/1/17, p.59)
2017 Aug 14, In Norway’s
Conservative PM Erna Solberg pledged on to cut taxes to boost growth
and job creation if she was reelected with four weeks to go before
an election that is too close to call.
2017 Aug 20, Norway’s director
of the University Museum of Bergen said some 400 Viking
objects were stolen at some time over the weekend of August 11-13,
describing the loss as "immeasurable".
2017 Sep 10, Norwegians began
voting in a 2-day parliamentary election whose outcome is too close
to call, with opinion polls showing Prime Minister Erna Solberg's
center-right government and the opposition center-left bloc running
neck and neck.
2017 Sep 11, Norwegians voted
in the second and final day of a knife-edge parliamentary election.
PM Erna Solberg's center-right bloc wants to cut taxes in a bid to
boost growth. The center-left opposition Labor leader Jonas Gahr
Stoere wants tax hikes to improve public services such as education
and healthcare. PM Erna Solberg clinched a narrow victory in
legislative elections. She will start out with a fragile second
mandate, given her weaker majority and less conciliatory allies.
(Reuters, 9/11/17)(AP, 9/12/17)
2017 Sep 15, Norway's Foreign
Minister Boerge Brende said he has resigned from his position to
become president of the World Economic Forum.
2017 Sep 18, A Norwegian court
sentenced a former police officer Eirik Jensen to 21 years in prison
for severe corruption and being an accomplice in one of Norway's
biggest drug-smuggling cases. Jensen was arrested and suspended from
duty in February 2014 in connection with an investigation into the
2017 Sep 29, Norway granted
Israeli nuclear whistleblower Mordechai Vanunu permission to
immigrate so he can be united with his Norwegian wife.
2017 Oct 5, Environment
Minister Vidar Helgesen said Norway will study ways to make its
economy greener and reduce dependence on oil and gas reserves that
are likely to lose value amid efforts to slow climate change.
2017 Oct 17, Norwegian solar
panel maker Saga Energy signed a deal worth 2.5 billion euros ($2.9
billion) with Iran's state-owned company Amin Energy Developers to
build solar power plants.
2017 Oct 26, Nordea Bank AB,
the Nordic region's largest bank, said it plans to cut at least
6,000 jobs over the next four years to stay competitive as its
retail banking operations increasingly become digital and automation
hits the financial industry. The cuts will spread across its home
markets of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
2017 Oct 26, Norwegian rescuers
searched for a Russian helicopter which went down with eight people
on board at sea off the coast of the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.
On Oct. 29 Norwegian rescue officials said the wreckage of the
Russian helicopter has been located on the seabed east of Cape Heer.
(Reuters, 10/26/17)(AP, 10/29/17)
2017 Oct 30, A Norwegian court
sentenced a 17-year-old Russian citizen to nine months in jail for
making a small explosive device and bringing it to the center of
Oslo in April.
2017 Oct 31, Norway's Statoil
said it aims to sign a power purchase agreement with a US utility to
develop an offshore wind power project off New York toward the end
2017 Nov 4, A Russian
helicopter was raised from the seabed where it had crashed last
month off Norway's Arctic Svalbard archipelago with eight people on
board. None of the missing people were inside the helicopter that
went down Oct. 26.
2017 Nov 10, Norway received
the first three of the 40 F-35 fighter jets it ordered from
Lockheed-Martin as part of efforts to beef up its air force.
2017 Nov 17, President Tayyip
Erdogan said Turkey is pulling 40 soldiers out of a NATO exercise in
Norway, after his name appeared in a list of enemies on a poster at
the drill, an incident that drew an apology from both the military
alliance and Oslo.
2017 Nov 21, A Norwegian court
granted a reprieve to seven wolves near Oslo caught in the middle of
a battle between environmental activists and sheep farmers. It
issued an injunction temporarily stopping the hunt of 12 wolves in
the Oslo region -- five of which have already been killed -- pending
a final decision on the matter.
2017 Nov 29, A Norwegian train
smashed into a herd of reindeer in the country's Arctic region,
killing 17 animals. Reindeer have been hit eight times between Nov.
22 and 25, resulting in the death of 110 animals.
2017 Nov 29, It was reported
that generations of native Sami people living in remote northern
Norway have been victims of rape and child sex abuse that has gone
largely unreported and uninvestigated. A police report covering the
period from 1953 to August 2017 documented at least 151 sexual
assaults, including 43 rapes, in the Arctic municipality of
Tysfjord, which has a population of less than 2,000.
2017 Dec 5, Russia arrested
Norwayian pensioner Frode Berg, a former guard working on the
Norwegian-Russian border. FSB security service later said it caught
the Norwegian taking secret documents about the Russian Navy from a
2017 Dec 9, Meeting in Oslo,
Norway, representatives of the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, the
International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), called on
the US and North Korea to reduce tensions and end the "urgent
threat" posed by weapons of mass destruction.
2017 Dec 20, It was reported
that a study this month by the Norwegian Institute for Water
Research (NIVA) said tiny bits of plastic are contaminating mussels
from the European Arctic to China in a sign of the global spread of
ocean pollution that can end up on people's dinner plates.
2017 Dec 21, A small reindeer
herder from the indigenous Sami community in the Norwegian Arctic
lost a much-publicized appeal with Norway's top court over a ruling
that he must cull 41 of his 116-strong herd.
2018 Jan 3, Norway said it has
suspended exports of munitions and arms to the United Arab Emirates
as a "precautionary line," based on its assessment of the situation
in Yemen, where a Saudi-led coalition including the UAE has been
fighting Shiite rebels for nearly three years.
2018 Jan 4, A court in Norway
said that the government can hand out oil drilling licenses in the
Arctic, dealing a blow to two environmental groups that had filed a
lawsuit against further drilling in the Barents Sea. The court also
said Nature and Youth and Greenpeace Nordic should pay legal
expenses worth 580,000 kroner ($71,435).
2018 Jan 6, Norway’s justice
minister said that Najmaddin Faraj Ahmad (aka Mullah Krekar), an
Iraqi-born cleric suspected of enticing recruits to fight in Iraq
and Syria, will be extradited if a court in Italy convicts him.
Italian prosecutors allege that Krekar is behind Rawti Shax, a
European network aimed at violently overthrowing the government in
the Kurdistan region of Iraq and replacing it with a radical
2018 Jan 14, Norway's PM Erna
Solberg said the Conservative-led government has agreed to include
the small centrist Liberal Party in the cabinet, expanding it to
three parties from two. The three parties together still hold only
80 seats in Norway's 169-seat assembly and need support from the
Christian Democrats to pass legislation.
2018 Feb 5, In Norway
environmental groups launched an appeal after an Oslo court rejected
their arguments that Norway's oil and gas exploration in the Arctic
violates citizens' right to a clean environment.
2018 Feb 23, Norway's $1
trillion sovereign wealth fund, the world's largest, said it will
generally shun investments in energy sources such as coal that are
unlikely to be needed in a future low-carbon society.
2018 Mar 2, In Norway two
foreign with residency permits men were hit by a train and killed in
2018 Mar 13, South African
President Cyril Ramaphosa was dealt a political blow, after a
last-minute legal challenge by a group loyal to ousted leader Jacob
Zuma blocked the signing of $4.7 billion in renewable energy deals.
Three solar plants planned by Norway's Scatec Solar were among 27
energy deals blocked by the court.
(Reuters, 3/13/18)(Reuters, 3/15/18)
2018 Mar 14, In Alaska
Norwegian musher Joar Ulsom was the first to reach the finish line
in Nome after traveling nearly a thousand miles across rugged
2018 Mar 30, Russia ordered new
cuts to the number of British envoys in the country, escalating a
dispute with the West over the poisoning of an ex-spy in Britain.
Scores of foreign ambassadors streamed into the Russian Foreign
Ministry in Moscow to receive the notices given to 23 nations:
Albania, Australia, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Romania, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.
2018 Apr 10, The Newport Arctic
Scholars Initiative convened in Newport, Rhode Island, with
representatives from the Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway
and the US.
2018 Apr 18, Norway's national
transport regulator said high school graduates should refrain from
running naked across bridges and having sex on roundabouts lest they
give drivers "too much of a surprise".
2018 Apr 18, In Norway Stefan
Ranstrand, the Chief Executive Tomra, the world's top maker of
machines that collect plastic bottles and repay a deposit, said his
company is seeking to expand in China as governments worldwide work
to limit waste.
2018 May 15, Norway's fisheries
minister told industry executives fish that the farming industry
must cut mortality rates to improve animal welfare and protect their
reputation and profits. While the survival of salmon in cages can
vary greatly between individual farming sites, some 15-20 percent of
the fish dies every year.
2018 Jun 12, Norway said
it will ask the United States to double the number of US troops
stationed in the country and deploy them nearer the border with
2018 Jun 13, Two Norwegian
lawmakers nominated President Donald Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize
after the Singapore summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
2018 Jun 19, UN
secretary-general Antonio Guterres said the number of countries
involved in "violent conflicts" is the highest in 30 years, while
the number of people killed in conflicts has risen tenfold since
2005. Guterres spoke at the annual Oslo Forum panel discussion on
2018 Jun 21, In Norway 23
nations said they would try to limit their greenhouse gas emissions
more than already planned under the Paris climate agreement by 2020.
Signatories were Argentina, Britain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Denmark, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Maldives,
Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand,
Norway, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Spain and Sweden.
2018 Jun 28, Blackrock, the
world's largest investment company, said it has bought a 197.4
megawatt(MW) wind farm in western Norway through one of its funds
and will cover its construction cost. Zephyr, a Norwegian wind farm
developer and operator, will continue to manage the farm's
2018 Jul 5, Norway invited
companies to submit bids to use subsea reservoirs to store carbon
dioxide near the country's largest oil and gas field, Troll.
2018 Jul 10, Norway's energy
regulator said Norwegians enjoyed the warmest May this year since
records began in 1900, but as rainfall has been unusually low, the
treat will cost them about 2 billion euros ($2.34 billion) in higher
2018 Jul 14, Norway recommitted
itself to lifting its defense spending to meet NATO targets during
talks with Trump's defense secretary.
2018 Jul 26, Authorities in
Canada's easternmost province said they had reached a tentative
agreement with Norwegian oil giant Equinor to develop a major oil
field discovered off Newfoundland in the North Atlantic.
2018 Jul 27, Thorvald
Stoltenberg (87), Norway's highly popular ex-foreign minister, died.
Stoltenberg was foreign minister 1987-1989, and again from 1990 to
1993. He also served as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and
the UN Special Representative to the Former Yugoslavia.
2018 Jul 28, Norwegian
authorities said a polar bear has attacked and injured a man leading
tourists off a cruise ship on the most northern island of Svalbard.
The man was taken by helicopter to Spitsbergen island and the bear
was shot dead.
2018 Jul 29, Israel's navy
intercepted a Norwegian-flagged activist boat trying to break its
more than decade-long blockade of the Gaza Strip. The
Norwegian-flagged Karstein ship had 22 people on board. The captain
of the boat later accused Israeli authorities of violating the law
by boarding the vessel in international waters and using violent
force against its crew who were arrested.
(AFP, 7/29/18)(AFP, 8/2/18)
2018 Aug 13, Norway's rightwing
Fisheries Minister Per Sandberg (58) quit after breaching security
protocol when he went on holiday to Iran in July with an
Iranian-born former beauty queen (28), in a major media scandal.
2018 Aug 20, Dutch cyber
security expert Arjen Kamphuis (47), a WikiLeaks associate, was last
seen in Bodo, Norway. On Sept. 12 a fisherman found some of
Kamphuis's personal belongings floating in the waters about 50 km
(30 miles) east of Bodo.
2018 Aug 28, The Norwegian
Refugee Council (NRC) said the number of Somalis left homeless has
surged this year as thousands who had already fled war, drought and
floods were forcibly evicted from mostly makeshift homes. Its report
said one of the main factors driving people out of their homes was
property developers requisitioning land, often without warning,
during a building boom in Mogadishu.
2018 Sep 5, Norway's $1
trillion sovereign wealth fund said it wants companies in which it
invests to follow stricter guidelines on global sustainability and
strengthen efforts to combat plastic pollution of the oceans.
2018 Sep 21, The Norwegian
Police detained a Russian citizen on suspicion of illegal
intelligence activities. The man had attended a seminar this week on
digitalization in the Norwegian Parliament.
2018 Sep 24, In Norway a man
(51) was convicted of terror offenses for providing online
instructions on how to carry out attacks and sentenced to 2 ½ years
in prison. The man had denied calling for acts of terror, adding
that he had wanted to infiltrate IS to destroy it from the inside.
2018 Sep 26, Norway's
Borgarting Court of Appeals said there was evidence that Mikhail
Bochkaryov of Russia had collected information from computer and
wireless networks at the parliament last week, upholding a decision
by a lower court that he can be held for two weeks.
2018 Sep 30, Britain's defense
secretary said the government is preparing a "defense Arctic
strategy" that would deploy 800 army and marine commandos to Norway
in 2019 and establish a new military base there amid concerns about
increasing Russian aggression.
2018 Oct 4, In Norway Russian
businessman Boris Rotenberg, under US sanctions over the Ukraine
conflict due to his close ties with President Vladimir Putin, filed
suit against four Nordic banks, accusing them of discrimination.
Rotenberg also holds a Finnish passport and is not subject to
European sanctions over Russia's role in Ukraine, but European banks
must comply with the US sanctions in order to do business with
2018 Oct 17, Norway's
government officially apologized to Norwegian women targeted for
reprisals by authorities for having intimate relations with German
soldiers during the country's war-time occupation.
2018 Oct 19, Norway released
Mikhail Bochkarev (51), a Russian man suspected of spying at the
Norwegian parliament. A Norwegian judge ruled a day earlier that
investigators had failed to substantiate their case and Norway's
intelligence service withdrew an appeal against the decision.
2018 Oct 25, NATO's biggest
military maneuvers since the Cold War kicked off in Norway with
about 55,000 military personnel.
2018 Oct 30, In Norway British
PM Theresa May and Norway's PM Erna Solberg said British citizens
already living in Norway and Norwegian citizens living in Britain
will have the right to remain residents, even in case of a no-deal
2018 Oct 31, In Norway
Anne-Elisabeth Falkevik Hagen (68) married to a real estate and
energy magnate, disappeared from her home in Lorenskog. Ten weeks
later police said a ransom demand for $10.3 million in
cryptocurrency has been received for the missing woman.
2018 Nov 8, In western Norway
an operation was underway to try to stop a Norwegian navy frigate
from sinking after it collided with a Maltese oil tanker in a fjord.
2018 Nov 17, In Norway
thousands of protesters demonstrated in cities against restricting
women's access to abortion, the subject of talks between the ruling
minority coalition and a small party seeking to join the government.
2018 Dec 10, In Norway Nobel
laureates Denis Mukwege of CongoDRC and Nadia Murad of Iraq called
on the world to protect victims of wartime sexual violence in their
Peace Prize acceptance speeches, slamming indifference to the plight
of women and children in conflict.
2019 Jan 2, In Norway avalanche
occurred in the northern region of Troms in an area popular with
skiers. Three Finns and a Swede were skiing in the area and were
reported to police as missing.
2019 Jan 10, Norway's Aker
Energy said it had discovered oil in commercial quantities off
Ghana, which the government welcomed as a potential boost to the
economy. Exploratory drilling indicated an "estimated 450-550
million barrels of oil equivalent (mmboe)" in the Pecan field.
2019 Jan 17, In Norway a woman
in her 20s was in critical condition after being stabbed in a
downtown Oslo supermarket. A Russian suspect (20) arrested after the
assault told investigators he wanted to kill several people and that
it was a terror attack.
2019 Feb 1, TIPH (Temporary
International Presence in Hebron) countries Switzerland, Sweden,
Norway, Italy and Turkey, condemned in a joint statement the Israeli
government's unilateral decision not to extend the observer force's
mission in the flashpoint city.
2019 Feb 6, Cyber security
researchers said hackers working on behalf of Chinese intelligence
breached the network of Norwegian software firm Visma to steal
secrets from its clients. The hacking campaign, which is known as
Cloudhopper, targets technology service and software providers in
order reach their clients. Cyber security firms and Western
governments have warned about Cloudhopper several times since 2017
but have not disclosed the identities of the companies affected.
2019 Mar 8, Norway's $1
trillion wealth fund, the biggest of its kind in the world, said it
will begin dumping shares in oil and gas companies, but stopped
short of barring major producers like ExxonMobil and Chevron.
2019 Mar 12, Norwegian Air said
it will temporarily ground its Boeing 737 MAX 8 passenger jets at
the advice of European regulators.
2019 Mar 13, Norwegian Air said
it will seek compensation from plane maker Boeing for costs and lost
revenue after grounding its fleet of 737 MAX 8 aircraft in the wake
of the Ethiopian Airlines crash.
2019 Mar 19, The Norwegian
Academy of Science and Letters announced in Oslo that Karen Keskulla
Uhlenbeck of the University of Texas at Austin was this year's
winner of the Abel Prize, seen by many as the Nobel Prize in
2019 Mar 24, Viking Ocean
Cruises said rescue helicopters took more than 475 passengers from
the Viking Sky cruise ship that got stranded off Norway's western
coast in bad weather before the vessel departed for a nearby port
under escort and with nearly 900 people still on board.
2019 Mar 28, Norway's justice
Minister Tor Mikkel Wara submitted his resignation after his partner
was accused of setting his car on fire and other threatening acts.
2019 Apr 16, A Moscow court
convicted a retired Norwegian border guard on spying charges and
sentenced him to 14 years in prison. Frode Berg (63) was detained in
Moscow in 2017 following a sting operation by Russia's FSB security
2019 Apr 25, Weather experts
warned of drought in Europe over its summer as firefighters tackled
forest fires in Germany, Norway and Sweden. In Austria the first
signs of drought have already appeared in the east and north,
raising fears of another bleak harvest. In the Czech Republic 99
percent of the country has already been hit by drought over the last
2019 Apr 25, The Norwegian
Refugee Council said tens of thousands of people are living in the
bush without humanitarian aid in Cameroon after two years of
fighting between separatists and government forces that has failed
to attract widespread international support.
2019 Apr 28, Scandinavian
Airlines (SAS), the flag carrier of Denmark, Norway and Sweden,
announced further flight cancellations for the next week on the
third day of a pilots strike as the parties have failed to resume
talks on a new collective bargaining agreement.
2019 Apr 29, A strike among
pilots at Scandinavian Airlines, flag carrier of Denmark, Norway and
Sweden, entered its fourth day.
2019 May 1, Scandinavian
Airlines (SAS) canceled 504 flights today as talks with the pilots
resumed in Norway.
2019 May 10, The Norwegian
Refugee Council estimated that a record 41 million people have been
displaced within their countries, with many forced to flee conflict,
violence and internal tensions in several African countries and
2019 May 13, Arab activist Iyad
el-Baghdadi, living in Norway, said he's been given protection by
two different Norwegian entities after the CIA informed officials of
an unspecified threat against him, which he said is likely linked to
his research on Saudi Arabia.
2019 May 16, Norwegian media
reported that representatives of Venezuela's regime and the
opposition are holding "peace negotiations" in Oslo this week.
2019 May 27, Nasdaq Nordic,
which owns most stock exchanges in the Nordic-Baltic region,
withdrew its offer to acquire Norway's main exchange, saying " under
the current circumstances the minimum acceptance condition for
completion" cannot be satisfied. This paved the way for rival
Netherlands-based Euronext to proceed with its buyout.
2019 Jun 7, A member of
Venezuela's opposition said that a mediation effort by Norway is
stalling over Nicolás Maduro's refusal to accept presidential
elections to resolve the nation's political crisis. The UN said the
number of Venezuelans who have left their country in recent years
has surpassed 4 million.
2019 Jun 13, Two oil tankers
near the strategic Strait of Hormuz were damaged in suspected
attacks. The MT Front Altair, a Marshall Islands-flagged crude oil
tanker owned by Norway-based Frontline, and Kokuka Courageous,
managed by a Singapore company were attacked in the Gulf of Oman.
2019 Jun 28, A Norwegian man
was sentenced to 16 years in prison for the sexual abuse, including
rape, of several hundred underage boys in what was described as the
largest such case in the country's history.
2019 Jul 15, An Italian court
in Bolzano found Mullah Krekar (63) guilty of attempting to
overthrow the Kurdish government in northern Iraq and create an
Islamic caliphate. Krekar, a refugee from Iraqi Kurdistan, has lived
in Norway since 1991.
2019 Jul 18, A Norway court
ordered Mullah Krekar, an Iraqi-born Muslim cleric, be held in
custody for four weeks after he was sentenced to 12 years in prison
in Italy for terror offenses.
2019 Aug 10, In Norway a
suspected shooter at the al-Noor Islamic Center near Oslo was
arrested. No one was hurt at the site. The young, white male
carrying several guns was also suspected of killing one of his own
family members, a young woman, who was found dead at his home.
Philip Manshaus (21) was overpowered by a 65-year-old member of the
mosque, who managed to wrestle away his weapons in a fight after
Manshaus entered. Manshaus killed his 17-year-old stepsister,
Johanne Zhangjia Ihle-Hansen, by shooting her four times, three in
the head and one in the chest, with a hunting rifle at their home in
the Oslo suburb of Baerum. Ihle-Hansen was adopted from China as a
(Reuters, 8/11/19)(Reuters, 8/12/19)(AP, 5/7/20)
2019 Aug 15, Brazil’s President
Jair Bolsonaro dismissed European leaders’ concerns about his
government’s environmental policies after Norway followed Germany
and froze millions of dollars in financial aid to an Amazon
rainforest preservation fund.
2019 Aug 19, It was reported
that Norwegian Air has agreed to sell its stake in banking company
Norwegian Finans Holding for 2.22 billion crowns ($246.7 million),
boosting the loss-making airline's finances and sending its shares
2019 Aug 30, A helicopter
carrying workers from an oil platform to the mainland crashed off
the coast of Hordaland, Norway most likely killing 13 people.
2019 Aug 31, In Norway a
helicopter crash crashed southwest of Alta killing a Swedish pilot
and 5 Norwegian youths. The flight was related to Høstsprell, a
two-day music festival taking place near Alta.
2019 Sep 7, Norwegian officials
said they haven't been able to detect the cause behind an
unexplained disease that is estimated to have killed dozens of dogs
in the country in recent days.
2019 Sep 8, Norwegian energy
company Equinor said it will clean up the onshore oil spill
discovered this week at its Bahamas storage terminal in the
aftermath of hurricane Dorian.
2019 Oct 22, In Norway an armed
man (32) stole an ambulance in Oslo, lightly injuring five people
including two babies in an apparent attempt to target pedestrians.
The man was apprehended after police shot at the vehicle. The
suspect was not critically injured.
(Reuters, 10/22/19)(SFC, 10/23/19, p.A2)
2019 Oct 24, Norway's foreign
minister said countries at a two-day conference have pledged at
least 583 billion kroner ($64 billion) toward protecting the oceans.
2019 Oct 24, A Russian
commission recommended President Vladimir Putin pardon a Norwegian
man jailed for spying, spurring hopes in Norway that he may be
released as part of a spy swap brokered behind closed doors. Frode
Berg, a retired guard on the Norwegian-Russian border, was detained
in December 2017 and jailed for 14 years after being convicted of
gathering intelligence about nuclear submarines.
2019 Nov 5, Norwegian Air said
it is planning a share issue and a $175 million bond, raising enough
cash to meet the struggling budget airline's needs through 2020 and
2019 Nov 6, It was reported
that Norwegian company Urchinomics has a plan for dealing with
purple sea urchins that have laid waste to Northern California
coastal zones. The company would like to scoop the urchins from the
ocean, fatten them in a seaside urchin ranch, and then sell them to
sushi and seafood restaurants.
(SFC, 11/6/19, p.A1)
2019 Nov 12, The Berlin-based
European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights said it has
asked Norwegian prosecutors to open a criminal investigation against
senior Syrian officials over allegations of torture and crimes
2019 Dec 2, Norwegian Air
became the first airline to sign the UN Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) pledge, committing to become climate neutral
2019 Dec 4, Loss-making budget
airline Norwegian Air said it is selling its Argentinian subsidiary
Norwegian Air Argentina (NAA) to JetSMART Airlines for an
2020 Jan 20, The populist
Progress Party pulled out of Norway's center-right governing
coalition over the decision to repatriate an Islamic State
group-linked woman and her two children from a detention camp in
Syria. PM Erna Solberg said she would continue with a minority
government comprised of three coalition partners.
2020 Jan 28, Norway's national
economic crime unit (Okokrim) raided the local office of
international shipping company Teekay Offshore on suspicion of
illegally exporting waste. The company said a vessel had been sent
to an Indian yard in 2018 for recycling in full compliance with the
requirements and standards of the Hong Kong convention.
2020 Feb 7, Norway, western
Europe's largest oil and gas producer, announced it was increasing
its ambition to cut carbon emissions and would put an implementation
plan before parliament later this year.
2020 Feb 27, In the past 24
hours, the WHO recorded seven nations that announced their first
cases of the novel coronavirus: Brazil, Georgia, Greece, North
Macedonia, Norway, Pakistan and Romania.
(Good Morning America, 2/27/20)
2020 Mar 10, Norway-based
Equinor reported the oil industry's first coronavirus infection on
an offshore installation, highlighting the challenge in preventing
contamination for thousands of workers living in the close quarters
on rigs and platforms.
2020 Mar 23, Norway's foreign
ministry said the UN will create a fund to support the treatment of
coronavirus patients worldwide. Almost 340,000 people have been
infected by the novel coronavirus across the world and more than
14,500 have died.
2020 Mar 26, Norway extradited
Muslim cleric Mullah Krekar to Italy, where he was sentenced last
July to 12 years in prison for planning terror. He had been found
guilty of attempting to overthrow the Kurdish government in northern
Iraq and create an Islamic caliphate.
(SFC, 3/27/20, p.A2)
2020 Apr 6, Norway's health
minister said the COVID-19 epidemic is under control in the country,
pointing to the low rate of transmission of the disease.
2020 Apr 27, Norwegian children
returned to school as hair salons and tattoo parlors reopened under
easing coronavirus restrictions.
(SFC, 4/28/20, p.A4)
2020 Apr 28, In Norway Tom
Hagen, a real estate investor and owner of an electric company, was
arrested in connection with the 2018 disappearance of his wife.
Police had first reported that Anne Elizabeth Falkevik Hagen was
(SFC, 4/29/20, p.A2)
2020 May 3, Norwegian Air said
it had secured support from enough bondholders for a $1.2 billion
debt-for-equity swap, a vital step in helping it survive the
2020 May 4, PM Erna Solberg
said Norway will give $1 billion to support the distribution
worldwide of any vaccine developed against COVID-19 as well as for
vaccines against other diseases. The $1 billion will go to GAVI, the
Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization. Norway has financed
GAVI since its inception in 2000.
2020 Jun 3, In northern Norway
a powerful landslide near the town of Alta swept eight houses into
2020 Jun 11, In Norway Philip
Manshaus (22), a white nationalist who killed his stepsister and
then stormed an Oslo mosque and opened fire, hitting no one, was
found guilty and sentenced to 21 years in prison.
2020 Jun 15, Norway said it
will halt its track and trace app and delete all data collected so
far after criticism from its data protection watchdog.
2020 Jul 20, It was reported
that Norway's Adevinta has won the auction to buy the bulk of eBay's
classified ads unit for nearly $9 billion, with the US e-commerce
firm planning to keep a minority stake.
2020 Jul 31, The University
Hospital of North Norway said three members of the crew of Norwegian
cruise vessel Roald Amundsen have been diagnosed with COVID-19. The
vessel had close to 200 passengers on board when it arrived at the
Arctic port of Tromsoe.
2020 Aug 3, Norway's
Hurtigruten cruise ship line halted all trips and apologized for
procedural errors after an outbreak of the coronavirus on the MS
Roald Amundsen ship infected at least 5 passengers and 36 crew.
(SFC, 8/4/20, p.A6)
2020 Aug 19, Norway's Foreign
Ministry expelled a Russian diplomat linked to the case of a man
jailed on accusation of spying for Russia. The suspected spy was
arrested on Aug.15.
(SFC, 8/120/20, p.A2)
2020 Aug 28, A polar bear
attacked a camping site in Norway's remote Svalbard Islands, killing
a 38-year-old Dutch man before being shot and killed by onlookers.
Johan Jacobus Kootte was the fifth person on Svalbard to have been
killed by polar bears since 1971.
2020 Aug 28, Russia's Foreign
Ministry announced the expulsion of a Norwegian diplomat in response
to a similar move by Norway last week.
2020 Sep 20, Knut Kloster (91),
one of the founders of Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd., died.
2020 Sep 30, The British
government hailed a historic fisheries treaty with Norway and
offered Brussels a three year transition period on fishing during
trade negotiations with the EU.
(The Telegraph, 9/30/20)
2020 Oct 13, Norway's
government said it will provide a vaccine against COVID-19 free of
charge to its inhabitants when one becomes available.
2020 Oct 14, Norway's foreign
minister said Russia is behind a break-in into the Norwegian
Parliament’s email system in August, calling the intrusion “a
serious incident that affects our most important democratic
2020 Nov 3, The Norway-based
Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovation (CEPI) said it will
fund the development of the protein-based S-Trimer COVID-19 vaccine
candidate by China's Clover Biopharmaceuticals Inc.
2020 Nov 5, PM Erna Solberg
told Norwegians to avoid travelling domestically and instead stay at
home as much as possible, as part of a new round of recommendations
and restrictions aimed at stopping the spread of the coronavirus.
2020 Nov 6, Norway's capital
Oslo said it will shut down theatres, cinemas, training centers and
swimming pools to contain the spread of the coronavirus, with bars
and restaurants no longer able to serve alcohol for three weeks as
of Nov 9.
2020 Nov 10, Norway recalled
Home Guard forces to patrol its land border as neighboring Sweden
reported another surge in COVID-19 cases that is straining hospitals
and stretching testing to the limit. Sweden tightened
recommendations for three more regions, meaning inhabitants in 13
out of 21 regions now are advised to work from home, avoid public
transport and limit social interaction outside the family as much as
2020 Nov 12, It was reported
that archaeologists using radar technology have discovered a
millennium-old ship burial in southeastern Norway, at a site that
they hope will offer clues about life during the period after the
fall of the Roman Empire through the end of the Viking Age.
Researchers made the discovery in April 2018 in Gjellestad.
2020 Nov 27, It was reported
that Norwegian officials are asking the public for helping cleaning
up and mapping “large amounts" of paraffin wax found at the entrance
to the Oslo Fjord, a narrow inlet south of Norway’s capital.
2020 Dec 27, Norway's Institute
of Public Health said that the new variant of the coronavirus
circulating in Britain has been detected in two people who came to
Norway from the UK.
2020 Dec 30, In Norway a
massive landslide struck a residential area near the capital. Ten
people, including children, were missing. In February search teams
found two more bodies in the rubble bringing the total found to
(AP, 12/31/20)(AP, 2/10/21)
2020 Dec 31, Norway said all
travelers entering the country will have to take a COVID-19 test
within 24 hours of arrival from Jan. 2.
2021 Jan 14, Low-cost carrier
Norwegian Air Shuttle said it will focus on European destinations
and close its long-haul operations as it struggles with the fallout
of the coronavirus pandemic and debt restructuring.
2021 Jan 18, PM Erna Solberg
said Norway will ease some coronavirus restrictions as extra
measures in place for two weeks seem to have had the desired effect,
although she added that infection rates remained too high for
2021 Jan 21, Norway’s
government said it will help ailing low-cost carrier Norwegian Air
Shuttle - a U-turn from its previous refusal to do so - as long as
the company manages to raise 4.5 billion kroner ($529 million) from
2021 Jan 23, Norway's capital
Oslo and nine neighboring municipalities imposed some of their
toughest lockdown measures yet after an outbreak of a more
contagious coronavirus variant, first identified in Britain.
2021 Jan 26, Norway said it has
called off two military exercises involving primarily NATO troops in
its Arctic region in order to contain the spread of the coronavirus.
2021 Jan 26, US gay dating app
Grindr was notified that it faces a fine of more than $10 million
from Norwegian regulators for failing to get consent from users
before sharing their personal information with advertising
companies, in breach of stringent European Union privacy rules.
2021 Jan 30, In Norway two
civilian employees of the Norwegian military were killed and a third
one injured in an avalanche on the remote Arctic Jan Mayen island.
The only inhabitants on Jan Mayen, part of Norway since 1930, are
the staff of the Norwegian military and the Norwegian Meteorological
2021 Feb 15, Norway's $1.3
trillion sovereign wealth fund, the world's largest, said it wants
the companies it invests in globally to boost the number of women on
their boards and to consider setting targets if fewer than 30% of
their directors are female.
2021 Mar 8, New data by the
non-profit Rainforest Foundation Norway revealed that humans have
degraded or destroyed roughly two-thirds of the world's original
tropical rainforest cover, raising alarm that a key natural buffer
against climate change is quickly vanishing.
2021 Mar 10, Norway officials
said hackers have infiltrated the Parliament's computer systems and
extracted data, just six months after a previous cyber attack was
made public. The attack by unknown hackers was linked to a
"vulnerability" in Microsoft's Exchange software.
2021 Mar 10, It was reported
that Norway's $1.3 trillion wealth fund will probe whether companies
it is invested in may be using the labor of ethnic Uighurs and other
Muslims linked to China's internment camp system in the country's
2021 Mar 13, Norwegian health
authorities said three health workers in Norway who recently
received the AstraZeneca vaccine against COVID-19 are being treated
in hospital for bleeding, blood clots and a low count of blood
2021 Mar 19, Denmark, Sweden
and Norway said they needed more time to decide whether to use
AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine while Finland joined them in putting
the shots on hold, even though the EU drug watchdog said the
benefits outweighed any risks.
2021 Apr 22, Norway said it
will lend all of its 216,000 doses of AstraZeneca to neighboring
Sweden and Iceland as long as its own government regulator has
paused the use of the vaccine.
2021 Apr 22, The United States,
Norway and Britain joined forces with companies including Amazon and
Nestle to launch a project aimed at protecting the world's tropical
2021 Apr 23, Norway said it
will offer those who have received a dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine
against COVID-19 to take an injection from an mRNA vaccine as their
2021 Apr 26, Norwegian PM Erna
Solberg (60) received her first dose of a vaccine against COVID-19.
Four other cabinet ministers were also vaccinated.
2021 Apr 30, Norway said it
will extend the time between first and second doses of COVID-19
vaccines to 12 from six weeks for most adults under the age of 65 in
order to reach its first vaccination target sooner than planned.