Return to home Country Reports: http://www.countryreports.org/travel/Niger.htm
TravelDocs: http://www.traveldocs.com/ne/index.htm Niger is landlocked in north central Africa, south
of Algeria and Libya and is twice the size of Texas. Some 2/3 of the
country is covered by the Sahara Desert. As of 2002 nine major
languages were spoken here.
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A5)
The Tuareg nomads compete with the Wodaabe over land and
(SFEM, 10/11/98, p.59)
The Wodaabe nomads number about 40-50,000 and move constantly
across the Sahel between Niger, Mali and Northern Nigeria. They are
of Fulani origin, a race scattered all over West Africa.
(SFEM, 10/11/98, p.40) 135Mil BC In 1999 scientists
reported that they had assembled the fossils of the dinosaur named
Jobaria tiguidensis, a 20-ton Sauropod with spoon-shaped teeth found
in the Sahara Desert of Niger.
(SFC, 11/12/99, p.A4)
110Mil BC The giant Sarcosuchus imperator,
ďflesh-eating crocodile emperor," lived about this time in what
later became the Tenere Desert.
(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D6)
110Mil BC Univ. of Chicago paleontologist Paul
Sereno unearthed Kryptops palaios, a short-snouted, hyena-like
beast, and Eocarcharia dinops, a shark-toothed, bony-browed killer,
during an expedition in the Niger Desert in 2000. The fish-eating,
sail-backed Suchomimus or "crocodile mimic," was found in 1997. The
animals originally lived in the southern landmass that was known as
(Reuters, 2/13/08)(AP, 2/14/08)
95Mil BC A dinosaur fossil named Rugops primus,
unearthed in Niger in 2000, dated to this time. It belonged to a
group of southern dinosaurs called abelisaurids, also found in South
America, Madagascar and India and indicated the Africa was still
connected to Gondwana at this time.
95Mil BC Fossils of Carcharodontosaurus
iguidensis, a meat-eating dinosaur from this time, was first found
in Morocco in the 1920s. Better fossils were found in Niger in 1997.
The upright-walking creature grinned with a mouth full of
banana-sized teeth, stood taller than a double-decker bus and
weighed more than two standard-sized cars. "It seems that shallow
seas divided Morocco and Niger, promoting evolutionary separation of
the species living in the two regions."
6000BC In 2008 scientists reported that robust
hunter-gathers, known as Kiffians, apparently abandoned the Gobero
region of Niger during a long drought that dried up a lake about
this time. The dried-up lake in the Sahara was found brimming with
the skeletons of people, fish and crocodiles who thrived when the
African desert was briefly green.
5000BC-2500BC Scientists in 2008 said a second
group settled the Gobero region of Niger during this period. These
were Tenerians, smaller, shorter people who hunted, herded and
700 The empire of Kanem began
forming about this time under the nomadic Tebu-speaking Kanembu and.
spanned bits of Chad, Cameroon, southern Libya, Niger and Nigeria.
By the 15th century the intermarriage of the Kanembu and Bornu
peoples created a new people and language, the Kanuri.
1950s In the 1950s when the French gave
independence to their West African colonies, the Touareg people and
their ancestral lands were parceled out among the newly created
nations of Mali, Niger, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania and Chad.
1958 France granted Niger
(EWH, 1st ed., p.1170)
1960 Aug 3, Niger gained
independence from France. Hamani Diori was president.
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A12)(SC, 8/3/02)(EWH, 1st ed.,
1965 Niger's began planting
trees for a green belt around its capital, Niamey, five years after
the country proclaimed independence from France. Planting continued
to 1993 as funding for the 4.5 million-euro (6.2 million-dollar)
project came mainly from abroad. The belt began to decline as
hundreds of rural people fled to the capital to escape the severe
famine of 1984. By 2011 almost half of its original 2,000-hectare
(nearly 5,000-acre) surface area had disappeared.
1968-1973 A severe famine hit the Sahel region of
North Africa. Mauritania, Mali, Upper Volta (Burkina Faso) and Niger
were most affected.
(Econ, 8/20/05, p.57)
1975 May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was
signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was
formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Cape Verde,
CŰte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali,
Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo and Upper Volta (later
1985-1997 Some 60 million trees were planted over
this period to stave off the encroaching Sahara Desert that expands
by 500,000 acres each year. About half the trees have survived.
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A12)
1987 Nov 14, Ali Saibou
(1940-2011) began serving as the 3rd president of Niger succeeding
the deceased Seyni Kountche. He continued to 1993 and brought
multi-party politics to the west African country.
1989 Sep 19, A Paris-bound
French DC-10, UTA Flight 772, was bombed over the Sahara desert of
Niger and all 170 passengers died. French authorities placed the
blame on Libyaís Abdallah Senoussi, brother-in-law of Moammar
Khadafy and chief of foreign operations for the Libyan secret
service. The six Libyan suspects were named by a French judge in
1998 and tried in absentia in 1999. The attack was in retaliation
for French intervention on behalf of Chad in a war with Libya since
the mid 1980s. In 2004 Libya signed a $170 million compensation
accord with families of the people killed. In 2008 a federal judge
in Washington ordered Libya and six of its officials to pay more
than $6 billion in damages to the families of 7 Americans killed in
(SFC, 5/7/97, p.C3)(SFEC,10/19/97, p.A26)(WSJ,
1/30/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A11)(SFC, 3/9/99, p.B10)(AP,
9/19/99)(AP, 1/9/04)(Reuters, 1/16/08)
1990 Foreign development aid in
Niger was $270 million for the year.
(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A5)
1991 The charity CARE Intíl.
began a basic form of banking in Niger to help the poor save. The
village savings and loan association was based on savings rather
(Econ, 12/10/11, p.84)
1993 The first democratic
government was elected.
(WSJ, 1/29/96, p. A-1)
1995 In Niger bogus meningitis
vaccines led to the deaths of more than 2,500 people.
(Econ, 4/23/15, p.52)
1996 Jan, 27 Coup leaders
named the armed forces chief president after seizing power. Ten
people died, political parties were outlawed and the constitution
was suspended. Geníl. Ibrahim Bare Mainassara seized power.
(WSJ, 1/29/96, p. A-1)(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)
1996 Jul 8, The military ruler
suspended the Independent National electoral commission after early
results showed him losing.
(WSJ, 7/9/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)
1996 Jul 10, In Niger Geníl.
Ibrahim Mainassara claimed electoral victory and immediately banned
opposition parties and public meetings.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1997 May 10, It was reported
that recent sandstorms caused the death of some 36 people when the
driver of a truck lost his way.
(SFC, 5/10/97, p.A8)
1997 Sep 20, It was reported
that about 71,000 villagers were threatened by famine in the
southwestern areas around Oualam.
(SFC, 9/20/97, p.A19)
1997 The Famine Early Warning
Systems Network (FEWS Net) published an inquiry into the worldís
failure to respond to food shortages in Niger and the rest of the
(Econ, 8/20/05, p.10)
1999 Feb 27, It was reported
that a mass grave containing 149 old men, women and children had
been found in eastern Niger. The victims were Toubou refugees
displaced by fighting several years ago.
(SFC, 2/27/99, p.A16)
1999 Apr 7, The Supreme Court
annulled voting results in some districts and called for a new round
of balloting, a move that was rejected by a leading opposition
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)
1999 Apr 9, In Niger Pres.
Ibrahim Bare Mainassara (49) was shot to death by his own
presidential bodyguards at Niamey Airport.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)(AP, 4/9/00)(AFP, 10/23/15)
1999 Apr 11, In Niger Daouda
Malam Wanke, head of the guard unit that witnesses said assassinated
Pres. Bare., was named president and head of the National Council
for Reconciliation, which would run for a 9 month transition period.
The Supreme Court and National Assembly were dissolved.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A13)
1999 Jun 13, The military junta
scheduled elections for October and November and a handover to
civilian rule before the end of the year.
(SFC, 6/14/99, p.A14)
1999 Oct 17, The 1st round of
the presidential election was held.
(WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A1)
1999 The 1st local radio
station was established for broadcast in native languages.
(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A5)
2000 Dec 23, In Niger William
Bultemeier, a US Defense Department official, was killed. Staff
Sergeant Christopher McNeely, who had run to Bultemeier's aid,
survived the shooting but suffered lasting injuries. Alhassane Ould
Mohamed and a co-conspirator fled in a US Embassy vehicle after
searching Bultemeier and McNeely's pockets. The car was later found
in Timbuktu, in neighboring Mali. On Sep 13, 2013, US prosecutors
unsealed an indictment against Alhassane Ould Mohamed (42), a Malian
man, for the killing and who remained at large.
2001 Foreign development aid
was $190 million for the year.
(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A5)
2002 Feb, Joseph C. Wilson IV,
former US diplomat and veteran of the diplomatic wars of Iraq and
Africa, was sent on a secret mission to Niger to determine if Iraqis
had tried to purchase yellowcake uranium from Africa to build
nuclear weapons. Wilson spent a week in Niger chatting with locals
about the allegation, coming to the conclusion that the yellowcake
charges were probably unfounded. His wife, Valerie Plame, was a CIA
operative. In 2006 it was reported that Plame was part of an
operation tracking the proliferation of nuclear weapons material
(WP, 7/17/05)(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A4)(AFP, 5/2/06)
2002 Mar, Radio Afalla went on
(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 31, In eastern Niger
disgruntled soldiers began a mutiny in N'gourti to protest months of
unpaid salaries, seizing senior officials in the region and taking
control of a radio station.
2002 Aug 5, In Niger a military
revolt spread to the capital, with mutinous soldiers opening fire
inside three garrisons in Niamey. Prime Minister Hama Amadou said
the city was under control after hours of gunfire.
2002 Nigerís population
of about 11 million was 90% Muslim.
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A5)
2003 Jul 6, Joseph Wilson,
former American ambassador, criticized the Bush administration for
the way it used intelligence to justify the war in Iraq. He alleged
that Pres. Bush had falsely accused Iraq of trying to buy uranium
from Niger. Two White House officials soon called at least 6
Washington journalists and told them that Wilsonís wife, Valerie
Plame, was an undercover CIA agent who had worked in Niger. A State
Dept. memo was soon sent to Colin Powell on how Wilson got sent to
Niger and the role of his wife.
(Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)(SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)
2003 Niger made slavery a crime
with a penalty of up to 30 years in jail, but continued to turn a
blind eye to the practice.
(Econ, 11/1/08, p.57)
2004 May 12, The Paris Club of
creditor nations agreed to cancel all $152 million owed by Niger to
the club's 19 member countries.
2004 May, In Niger a law came
into force that threatened slave-owners with up to 30 years in jail.
Anti-Slavery Intíl. estimated 43,000 slaves in Niger.
(Econ, 3/12/05, p.49)
2004 Sep 15, Eight French
speaking African countries began retiring over 1 billion in decaying
currency with new CFA francs. Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau,
Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo had until Dec 31 to turn
in old bills for new ones.
(SFC, 9/15/04, p.C8)
2004 US Special Forces began
training local troops in Mauritania and Mali under a program called
the Pan-Sahel Initiative. The program was renamed the Trans-Sahara
Counter-Terrorism Initiative and taken over by Marines, who extended
the training to Chad and Niger.
(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A8)
2005 May 8, In southeastern
Niger a swarm of locusts has descended on a town, sparking fears
that the West African nation, where millions of people face food
shortages, could endure another invasion of the crop-munching
2005 Jun, The Trans-Sahara
Counter-Terrorism Initiative began operations. The US funded plan
intended to provide military equipment and development aid to 9
north-east African countries considered fertile ground for Muslim
militant groups. Participating countries included Algeria, Chad,
Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tunisia.
(SFC, 12/27/05, p.A1)
2005 Jul 19, In Niger some 3.6
million people were in need of food, among them 800,000 malnourished
children. About 150,000 could die unless food arrives quickly in the
impoverished West African nation of 13 million.
2005 Jul 21, The aid agency
Oxfam said about 3.6 million people face starvation in Niger unless
the international community responds urgently to the food crisis
2005 Jul, Mali officials
estimated that 4 million people faced starvation in Mali and Niger,
due to drought and locusts from the previous year. 10% of the Maliís
population faced starvation.
(Econ, 7/30/05, p.41)
2005 Aug 3, UN agencies
increased their appeals to a total of $75 million to help 2.5
million people in desperate need of food in Niger.
2005 Aug 5, The UN appealed for
$80 million to fight a food crisis threatening the lives of hundreds
of thousands in Niger.
2005 Help for the famine in
Niger was initially estimated at $ a head. The cost ended up at $23
(Econ, 7/30/11, p.46)
2006 Feb 27, A lab official
said Niger has become the second African country with confirmed
cases of the deadly H5N1 bird flu strain.
2006 Jul 6, A general strike in
Niger demanding lower prices for basic goods paralyzed the capital
of one of the world's poorest nations, following a similar attempt
last month that was met with inaction from the government.
2006 Aug 25, In Niger the UN
food agency inaugurated a program to help feed hundreds of thousands
of people as the impoverished West African nation struggles to
recover from severe shortages.
2006 Oct 14, Two Italian
tourists, freed in Libya after being kidnapped in August in Niger,
denounced their captors as bandits and said they were mistreated
during their ordeal.
2007 Jun 22, Rebels attacked an
army base in Niger, killing 13 and wounding 30 soldiers, and taking
at least 47 prisoners.
2007 Jul 22, Niger's PM Seyni
Oumarou and military chiefs met neighboring Algeria's President
Abdelaziz Bouteflika to discuss cross-border cooperation against
Tuareg-led rebels in Niger's desert north.
2007 Aug 24, Nigerís Pres.
Mamadou Tandja declared a state of alert in response to a growing
rebellion by the Tuareg.
(Econ, 9/15/07, p.62)
2007 Sep 15, Niger was
described as the poorest country in the world. Northern Niger, rich
in natural resources, produced some 3,500 tons of uranium per year.
(Econ, 9/15/07, p.62)
2007 Sep 20, In Niger Moussa
Kaka, a reporter for Radio France International and director of a
private radio station that has reported heavily on the Tuareg
rebellion, was taken into custody for "conniving with the enemy" in
his conversations with members of the Tuareg rebel group, the Niger
Movement for Justice.
2007 Oct 25,
Niger's Tuareg-led rebels allegedly killed at least 12
soldiers and destroyed two army vehicles in the desert north of the
central African country, but the military denied this.
2008 Jan 16, Niger authorities
formally charged two French journalists with threatening state
security for attempting to report on rebel groups in Niger's
volatile north, a crime punishable by death in the West African
2008 Mar 16, Tuareg rebels
(MNJ) in Niger killed a police officer and a republican guard in an
attack 200 kilometers north of the capital Niamey.
2008 Apr 30, In Niger a summit
of nine west African states convened in Niamey to consider a
proposed 20-year, 5.5 billion euro (8.6 billion dollar) program to
rescue the Niger River from extinction and guarantee the future of
110 million people.
2008 Jun 21, Four French
nationals, all Niger-based employees of the nuclear company Areva,
were abducted by rebels from the Movement for Justice in a part of
Niger known for its uranium mines. They were freed on June 25.
2008 Jun 27, Niger government
troops clashed with ethnic Tuareg rebels, leaving at least 17 people
2008 Aug 18, Niger's Tuareg
rebel leader Aghaly ag Alambo said his fighters would lay down their
guns and, together with neighboring Mali's Tuareg rebellion, submit
to mediation by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
2008 Aug 24, In Niger dozens of
land mines accidentally exploded during a ceremony in which a group
of former rebels were handing over arms, killing one person and
wounding about 40 including the regional governor.
2008 Oct 27, A West African
court ordered Niger to pay compensation to Hadijatou Mani (24), who
was sold into slavery at age 12 and held for a decade. She had been
forced to work as a domestic servant and a sexual slave until 2005.
(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A4)
2008 Dec 2, In Nigeria
authorities in central Plateau state announced the arrest of 16
alleged "mercenaries" from neighbouring Niger. Isa Ibrahim, the
Nigerien Ambassador to Nigeria, said that those arrested had been
living in Jos for several years as water vendors.
2008 Dec 14, On the Niger-Mali
border Tuareg rebels of the Front for the Forces of Redress (FFR)
kidnapped Robert Fowler, a Canadian UN special envoy, and Louis
Guay, a Canadian diplomat, along with their local driver. Days later
the FFR made contradictory statements both claiming and condemning
responsibility. On March, 2009, rebels released the driver. The
Canadian diplomats were released in April, 2009.
2009 Jan, Four tourists, two
Swiss, a German and a Briton, were kidnapped on the Mali-Niger
border. They were transferred to Al-Qaida's North Africa branch,
which asked for a ransom and the release of a radical Islamist
preacher held in Britain. A Swiss and a German tourist were released
in April. Edwin Dyer of Britain, was killed by his captors on May
31. The 2nd Swiss citizen, Werner Greiner, was released in July.
(AP, 4/23/09)(AP, 7/12/09)
2009 Feb 6, Nigeriaís
government reported that 84 infants and children have died after
swallowing My Pikin Baby Teething Mixture, a teething syrup laced
with diethylene glycol. A failed bid to smuggle a bus filled with
rice into Nigeria from Niger left seven people dead including two
customs officers set ablaze with petrol.
(SFC, 2/7/09, p.A2)(AFP, 2/8/09)
2009 Feb 27, The UN Children's
Fund said 53 million children are being targeted by a mass
immunization drive against polio in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory
Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo. Some 844 polio cases were
reported in the 8 countries in 2008, 95% of them in Nigeria.
2009 Mar 27, French President
Nicolas Sarkozy wrapped up his mini-tour of three African countries,
after meeting with Niger leader Mamadou Tandja. This followed visits
to Kinshasa and Brazzaville.
2009 Apr 9, A Niger government
minister said Tuareg rebels have agreed to lay down their arms and
join a peace process in the desert West African nation.
2009 May 3, In Niger Tuareg
rebels fighting the government released their last hostage. Mamane
Louali, who was captured in June 2007, was released at the airport
in Agadez, a town in the country's far north and one of the
traditional bases of the nomadic Tuaregs.
2009 May 4, Nigerís Pres.
Mamadou Tandja accompanied representatives of French energy giant
Areva at a ceremony marking the beginning of a new uranium project
in Imoraren. The site is expected to boost Niger's uranium
production from 3,000 to 5,000 tons per year.
2009 Jun 16, The US added six
African countries to a blacklist of countries trafficking in people,
and put US trading partner Malaysia back on the list. Chad, Eritrea,
Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to the list in
the annual report. Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria,
2009 Jun 29, Nigerís Pres.
Mamadou Tandja issued a decree dissolving a constitutional court,
which had rejected his bid to hold a referendum to change the
constitution so he could extend his time in office. The next day
opposition leader Mahamadou Issoufou, expressed outrage over the
president's disbanding of the court, calling the move equivalent to
2009 Jul 3, Algeria, Niger and
Nigeria signed an accord to build a 10-billion-dollar trans-Saharan
gas pipeline linking vast reserves in Nigeria to Europe.
2009 Aug 4, In Niger clashes
erupted as citizens voted in a constitutional referendum to extend
President Mamadou Tandja's long rule amid low turnout after an
opposition boycott in the uranium-rich African nation. On Aug 7 the
Electoral Commission released provisional results saying that 92.5%
of votes cast supported a new constitution that would allow
President Mamadou Tandja to stay in power. About 68.3% of all
registered voters participated.
(AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 8/7/09)
2009 Sep 22, The UN Office for
the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs announced that flash floods
and lighting have claimed 187 lives and affected 635,273 people in
west Africa since the rainy season started in June. This included
103 dead in Sierra Leone, followed by Ghana (24), Mali (20), Ivory
Coast (19), Burkina Faso (8), Niger (7) and Senegal (6).
2009 Sep 27, In Venezuela Pres.
Hugo Chavez proposed that South American and African nations unite
to create a cross-continental mining corporation to keep control of
their resources. Chavez made diplomatic inroads in Africa at a
summit of South American and African leaders where he offered
Venezuela's help in oil projects, mining and financial assistance.
Venezuela signed agreements to work together on oil projects with
South Africa, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan and Cape Verde.
(Reuters, 9/27/09)(AP, 9/28/09)
2009 Oct 5, A UN agency said
Norway enjoys the world's highest quality of life, while Niger
suffers the lowest, as it released Human Development Index, a
ranking that highlights the wide disparities in well-being between
rich and poor countries.
2009 Oct 20, Niger held
elections. On Oct 24 the electoral commission said the ruling party
had won a majority of votes in parliamentary elections. The official
results said President Mamadou Tandja's party received 76 out of 113
seats in the national assembly. The vote came just two months after
a referendum passed allowing Tandja to extend his rule for years
past the constitutional limit. The opposition protested the
referendum, saying it granted Tandja near-totalitarian powers, and
boycotted the elections.
2009 Oct 21, ECOWAS suspended
Niger following its failure to comply with the 17th October 2009
Decision of Heads of State and Government to postpone the
legislative elections of Tuesday, 20th October 2009. ECOWAS
suspended Niger on account of bad behavior by President Mamadou
2009 Dec 23, The White House
said President Obama has removed Madagascar, Guinea and Niger from a
list of African countries receiving trade benefits, but reinstated
Mauritania. The US froze most aid to Niger and imposed travel bans
on some officials in response to President Mamadou Tandja's moves to
extend his rule over the impoverished West African nation.
(AFP, 12/23/09)(Reuters, 12/23/09)
2009 Dec 28, In Niger
unidentified gunmen in the remote western desert shot dead 3
tourists from Saudi Arabia.
(SFC, 12/29/09, p.A2)
2010 Feb 18, In Niger armed
soldiers stormed the presidential palace and witnesses said the
president's whereabouts were unknown after heavy gunfire. Pres.
Mamadou Tandja (72) was deposed in a military coup after he stayed
in office months beyond his legal mandate.
(AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 1/17/11)
2010 Feb 19, In Niger a junta
that seized power in a coup named a platoon commander as its leader,
hours after soldiers announced on state TV that their group was in
charge of the uranium-rich country.
2010 Mar 1, Niger coup chief
Maj. Salou Djibou signed a decree appointing 20 ministers. Five of
the posts went to women and five to officers.
2010 Mar 31, Niger's police
director said police have arrested more than 600 people in an effort
to crackdown on recent crime and insecurity in the capital.
2010 Apr 21, The Algerian
Defense Ministry said Algeria, Mauritania, Mali and Niger are
opening a joint military headquarters in the Algerian city
Tamanrasset, in a united effort to combat terrorism and kidnapping
in northwestern Africa. The Committee of Joint Chiefs (CEMOC) was
based in Tamanrasset.
(AP, 4/21/10)(AP, 12/20/11)
2010 Apr 22, Al-Qaida in North
Africa kidnapped Frenchman Michel Germaneau (78) in northern Niger.
On May 14 a militant Web site said it wanted to trade him for the
group's prisoners in France and other nations. A day before the
kidnapping, four Sahara Desert nations opened a joint military
headquarters in the Algerian city of Tamanrasset to combat terrorism
and trafficking. On July 25 al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb said it
had killed the 78-year-old French hostage in retaliation for the
killing of six al-Qaida members in a recent raid by Mauritanian
forces aided by the French military.
(AP, 5/14/10)(AP, 7/25/10)
2010 May 15, Niger government
spokesman Mahamane Laouali Dan Dah said that more than 21,000 tons
of food would be given to 1.5 million people in need.
2010 May 21, Nigerian officials
and residents said hundreds of Niger nationals, mostly women and
children, have flooded into the country in search of food.
2010 Jul 2, The Geneva-based
World Food Program declared its work in Niger an "emergency
operation" after a survey found a sharp rise in malnutrition rates
among young children. WFP spokeswoman Emilia Casella said 16.7
percent of children under 5 years old suffer from acute malnutrition
in the African country.
2010 Jul 9, Aid agency Oxfam
warned that the food crisis gripping the Sahel region of Africa was
reaching disastrous levels and called on governments and the
international community to act now. The crisis stretched across the
region taking in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger and northern
2010 Aug 14, Aid officials said
Niger is now facing the worst hunger crisis in its history, with
almost half the country's population in desperate need of food and
up to one in six children suffering from acute malnutrition.
Villagers described the situation as worse than in 2005, when aid
organizations treated tens of thousands of children for
malnutrition, and worse even than 1973, when thousands died.
2010 Sep 16, In Niger armed
AQIM assailants kidnapped 7 people, including 5 French nuclear
experts, a person from Togo and a person from Madagascar, near the
uranium mining town of Arlit, in the northern Sahara desert region.
3 of the hostages were released in February, 2011. Pierre Legrand,
Thierry Dol, Marc Feret and Daniel Larribe were released on Oct 29,
2013. Some 20 to 25 million euros was paid to obtain their release.
(AP, 9/17/10)(SFC, 9/22/10, p.A2)(SFC, 2/26/11,
2010 Sep 30, Algerian daily
Al-Watan said spy chiefs from four north African countries (Algeria,
Mauritania, Mali and Niger) have set up a center for joint
operations against Al Qaeda in the Sahel region during a meeting in
2010 Oct 21, In Niger a
statement read on national radio and television said the removal of
the junta's second-in-command, intelligence minister, head of the
national guard and minister of equipment were related to a coup plot
within the national armed forces.
2010 Oct 31, Niger voters
weighed in on a new constitution that would impose presidential term
limits and pardon members of a military junta that seized power
earlier this year. The country's new constitution passed with 90
percent of the vote.
(AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/3/10)
2010 The population of Niger
numbered about 15 million.
(Econ, 2/27/10, p.56)
2011 Jan 7, In Niger two French
citizens, Antoine de Leocour and Vincent Delory, were kidnapped by
four armed men while dining at a restaurant in the capital, Niamey.
It was later reported that Leocour was shot dead by his captives
during a French rescue attempt and that Delory died in a vehicle
carrying fuel after it was hit by weapons fire during the rescue
2011 Jan 8, Franceís Pres.
Sarkozy said 2 French hostages, kidnapped a day earlier in the Niger
capital Niamey, were killed by their captors despite a rescue
attempt by French forces.
(SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A5)
2011 Jan 18, The US Peace Corps
said it has suspended its operations in Niger and evacuated all 98
of its volunteers from the west African nation due to security
concerns following the kidnapping and murder of two French citizens
claimed by an al-Qaida affiliate.
2011 Jan 31, Niger, an
impoverished country on the edge of the Sahara, took another stab at
democracy as it voted for a new president and parliament that are
expected to take over leadership from the military.
2011 Mar 12, In Niger veteran
opposition leader Mahamadou Issoufou won a presidential run-off
election. Issoufou won nearly 58% of votes against rival candidate
and ally of the ousted president, Seini Oumarou, who won 42%.
2011 Jul 19, The European
Commission resumed aid to Niger, releasing 25 million euros ($35
million) after the west African nation returned to democracy this
year following a coup.
2011 Jul 27, Niger announced
the creation of the High Authority to Combat Corruption to step up
its fight against graft.
2011 Aug 1, Niger security
forces broke up demonstrations by hundreds of people after weeks of
electricity cuts, with several protesters wounded and arrested.
2011 Aug 2, Niger's President
Mahamadou Issoufou announced that 10 people have been arrested for
attempting a coup last month. He said they planned the coup to take
place overnight from July 12 to 13.
2011 Aug 6, Niger's president
Mahamadou Issoufou took part in a national collective prayer asking
for rain. Niger depends heavily on its one annual rainy season (June
to September) to cultivate crops.
2011 Aug 28, Security sources
said hundreds of armed Tuaregs from Mali and Niger who fought for
toppled Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi have started to return to their
2011 Sep 5, In Libya rebels
reportedly arrested Khalid Kaim, Gadhafi's deputy foreign minister
in Tripoli. A large convoy of Gadhafi loyalists rolled into the
central Niger town of Agadez. At the head of the convoy was Tuareg
rebel leader Rissa ag Boula.
2011 Sep 6, In Libya tribal
elders from one of Moammar Gadhafi's last strongholds tried to
persuade regime loyalists holed up there to lay down their arms.
Mansour Dao, Gadhafi's security chief, was at the head of the first
convoy to roll into Niamey, the capital of Niger. NATO made a number
of airstrikes around Sirte, hitting six tanks, six armored fighting
vehicles and an ammunition storage facility, among other targets.
They also targeted the Gadhafi loyalist strongholds of Hun, Sabha
(AP, 9/6/11)(AP, 9/7/11)
2011 Sep 9, Niger forces
arrested Colonel Abdoulaye Badie, the former number two in the junta
that relinquished power in April. Senior military officer, Hamadou
Djibo, was arrested two days later. The arrests were connected with
a pamphlet which criticizes the way the army is run and has been
recently circulating in Niamey.
2011 Sep 9, In Libya
revolutionary forces battled loyalists near the Gadhafi hometown of
Sirte, but withdrew after heavy casualties. Gadhafi holdouts fired
mortars and rockets from Bani Walid. Interpol said it has issued its
top most-wanted alert for the arrest of Gadhafi, his son Seif
al-Islam and the country's ex-chief of military intelligence, all
sought by the International Criminal Court for alleged crimes
against humanity. Niger Justice Minister Amadou Morou said that the
Libyan chief of staff of the air force, his pilot and the commanders
of two Libyan military regions have arrived in Niger.
(AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011 Sep 11, In Libya NATO
warplanes struck several targets in areas still loyal to fugitive
leader Moammar Gadhafi. At least 12 people were killed and 16
wounded when a brigade from Gharyan and Kikla came under fire at the
western town of Asabah. Many people in Asabah were Kadhafi
supporters. 20 of his fighters were reported captured during the
fighting. Anti-Gadhafi forces in Tripoli captured the former head of
the regime's external intelligence service, Abu Zayd Dourda. Rebel
fighters pushed back into Bani Walid. A convoy carrying al-Saadi
Gadhafi (37), son of ousted leader Moammar Gadhafi, crossed into
(AP, 9/11/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011 Sep 15, An army patrol in
Niger attacked a four-car convoy carrying suspected al-Qaida-linked
militants, killing three of them and leading to the liberation of
more than four dozen youths that had been forcibly recruited by the
extremist group. On Oct 1 officials said 59 suspected followers of
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), arrested on Sep 16, were
simply migrants, admitting a blunder by troops who killed their
driver. The magazine Air-Info, published in Agadez, said there were
two separate incidents.
(AP, 9/15/11)(AFP, 10/1/11)
2011 Sep 29, Interpol placed
another of ousted Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's sons on the
equivalent of its most-wanted list, placing pressure on the
government of Niger to surrender a man accused of overseeing bloody
2011 Oct 21, Niger said the end
of the Libyan conflict would allow it to lift restrictions on senior
Kadhafi loyalists who sought refuge there, except for deceased
leader Moamer Kadhafi's son Saadi.
2011 Oct 31, Ali Saibou (71),
former president of Niger (1987-1993) died in the capital Niamey. He
brought multi-party politics to the west African country.
2011 Nov 6, Niger's army
intercepted a convoy of cars traveling south from Libya toward Mali,
and a cache of arms was seized in the ensuing clash. Libyan
nationals and ethnic Tuaregs were in the convoy. One Nigerien
soldier was killed and four wounded during the clash.
2011 Nov 11, Niger President
Mahamadou Issoufou, during a visit to South Africa, said his
government has decided to grant Moamer Kadhafi's son Saadi asylum
for humanitarian reasons, adding that his brother Seif al-Islam is
not in the country. He also said Niger's army has clashed repeatedly
with arms traffickers from neighboring Libya.
(AFP, 11/11/11)(AP, 11/11/11)
2011 Nov 18, The European
Commission said an extra 10 million euros ($13.5 million) in
humanitarian funding will go on addressing "major shortfalls" in
food in the Sahel region. The crisis is affecting 7 million people
in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria.
2011 Nov 21, In Mali army
chiefs from Algeria, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, met in Bamako amid
mounting concerns over the fallout from Libya's conflict on security
in the troubled zone.
2011 Nov 28, Niger officially
became an oil producer with the opening of a refinery run by the
state and a Chinese company. Niger opened its first refinery in
Zinder following the discovery of oil in Agadem, 700 km east of
Niamey with a daily production capacity of 20,000 bpd.
(AFP, 11/28/11)(AFP, 7/16/12)
2011 Dec 6, In Niger 2 days of
clashes began between demonstrators and police leaving two people
dead in Zinder where opposition politician Aboubacar Mahamadou was
on trial for "preparing protest demonstrations" on November 28
against President Mahamadou Issoufou. Mahamadou was acquitted on Dec
7. Six top police chiefs were sacked in the wake of clashes.
2011 Dec 8, The UN's World Food
Program said meager rains and diminished harvests have left between
five and seven million people in Africa's Sahel region facing food
shortages. The countries of Niger, Mauritania, Mali and Chad were
2011 The population of Niger
numbered about 16 million.
2012 Jan 3, The offices of
Niger's justice ministry in Niamey were ravaged by a serious fire
which broke out in the early hours. In August last year, the justice
ministry set up a hotline number for callers wishing to report
alleged cases of corruption.
2012 Jan 18, Niger PM Brigi
Rafini said 34.9% of local households, or more than five million
people, are going hungry.
2012 Jan 18, The EU said it is
doubling humanitarian aid to Africa's Sahel area to 95 million euros
in a "race against time" to lift two million people facing food
shortages out of danger.
2012 Jan 24, In Mauritania
representatives from Sahel states (Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Algeria)
and Nigeria vowed to help each other fight terrorism from Al-Qaeda
in the Islamic Maghreb and Islamist sect Boko Haram, which are said
to have ties.
2012 Feb 5, Aid officials in
Mali said more than 15,000 people including military personnel have
fled into neighboring countries since members of the nomadic Tuareg
ethnic group launched a new rebellion against the Malian government
last month. The ICRC said 10,000 people have crossed into Niger and
5,000 into Mauritania.
2012 Feb 10, From Niger Saadi
Kadhafi, one of the sons of Libya's slain dictator Moamer Kadhafi,
said a nationwide rebellion is brewing against the country's new
rulers as he vowed to return to his homeland.
2012 Feb 11, Libya demanded
Niger hand over Al-Saadi Gadhafi, one of Moammar Gadhafi's sons who
is under house arrest there, after he warned in a television
interview that his homeland was facing a new uprising.
2012 Feb 15, United Nations and
EU aid chiefs called for "urgent" assistance for West Africa's
drought-hit Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania,
Niger), saying it needed $725 million (552 million euros) this year.
2012 Feb 16, The mediation and
security council of the West African regional group ECOWAS approved
humanitarian aid of three million dollars for victims of the food
crisis and rebel attacks in the Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad,
Mali, Mauritania, Niger).
2012 Feb 27, Nigerian
immigration services said they have repatriated around 11,000
foreigners mainly from Niger and Chad over the past six months to
curb a growing Islamist insurgency. Gunmen in the north killed three
policemen when they hurled explosives and opened fire on a police
station in Jama'are, Bauchi state.
(AFP, 2/27/12)(AFP, 2/28/12)
2012 Mar 12, The UN and
humanitarian group Oxfam said more than six million people in Niger
need immediate help as the country faces a persistent food crisis
due to drought and a number of other factors.
2012 Apr 6, In southeastern
Niger 4 Chinese passengers and two French pilots were killed when
their helicopter crashed in an oil field. A Chinese company has been
producing oil in the desert region since 2011.
2012 Apr 10, UN children's aid
organization UNICEF led a cross-agency appeal for funds for the
Sahel region (parts of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and
Niger) where 15 million are suffering from malnutrition.
2012 Apr 23, Aid agencies said
they are facing a multi-million dollar funding shortage to deal with
a food crisis in the Sahel where people are resorting to
increasingly desperate measures to survive. The crisis has so far
affected Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger.
2012 Apr 27, The UN food agency
appealed to oil- and mineral-rich nations to set up a fund to combat
the food crisis gripping the Sahel desert region (Chad, Mali,
Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger) and other parts of Africa. The
group said it needed $110 million (83 million euros) to combat the
crisis in the short term.
2012 May 31, The Geneva-based
office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees says it now needs
$153.7 million for its operations this year, quadrupling its aid
appeal for Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania and Niger.
2012 May, In northern Niger
swarms of locusts were spotted and began migrating south where most
of the countryís farmland is concentrated.
2012 Jul 16, The EU formally
agreed to a two-year mission from next month to help Niger fight
organized crime and terrorism in the Sahel, where armed groups are
threatening regional stability.
2012 Aug 20, In Niger 4.7
inches of rain (119 millimeters) fell in the capital, pushing water
under people's doors and causing rivers to rise to the highest
levels since 1929.
2012 Aug 23, In Niger at least
44 people have been killed by severe flooding that has affected the
country since mid-July, according to the UN's humanitarian affairs
2012 Aug 31, Niger emergency
officials said that 52 people have died after heavy rains caused
rivers to overflow and buildings to crumble.
2012 Sep 7, A lawyer
representing one of the sons of toppled Libyan leader Moammar
Gadhafi confirmed that Niger has given al-Saadi Gadhafi permission
to leave the country, so long as another nation is willing to
2012 Sep 8, Niger's interior
minister said that some of the international aid intended for the
victims of recent floods has been stolen.
2012 Oct 12, A top official in
Niger said the country's recent floods have killed 91 people and
caused significant damage.
2012 Oct 14, In Niger men in
two Toyota pickup trucks pulled up to a guesthouse in the town of
Dakoro and seized 6 aid workers, 5 from Nigeria and one from Chad.
The abductors were believed to be elements of AQIM. 5 workers were
freed on Nov 3. Their colleague Aime Soulembaye had died of wounds
received during the attack.
(AP, 10/15/12)(AP, 11/3/12)
2012 Dec 16, Libya's parliament
voted to close the country's borders with Sudan, Niger and Chad,
declaring the south a restricted military area. Four policemen were
shot dead in the eastern city of Benghazi when gunmen fired
rocket-propelled grenades on a security compound there.
2013 Feb 22, Pres. Obama said
that about 100 US troops have been sent to Niger to help set up a
new base for Predator aircraft surveillance.
(SFC, 2/23/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 15, Iranian Pres.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad arrived in the uranium-rich West African nation
of Niger for a 2-day visit. Officials discounted that the mineral
was the reason for his visit.
2013 May 23, Attackers in Niger
detonated two car bombs. One assault on an army camp killed 20
soldiers and 3 jihadists in Agadez. Two jihadists ran away and holed
themselves up inside a dormitory on the base, where they were
killed. Another attack took place in the remote town of Arlit at a
French-operated uranium mine. 14 employees, one of whom died later,
were wounded. Two suicide bombers were killed. The twin attacks were
claimed by the Mali-based Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West
Africa, or MUJAO, a spinoff of al-Qaida's affiliate in Africa. It
was also claimed in a statement by notorious Algerian terrorist,
Moktar Belmoktar, whose brigade known as "Those Who Sign in Blood."
(AP, 5/23/13)(AP, 5/24/13)
2013 May 24, Niger's military,
with the help of French special forces, killed the last two
jihadists holed up inside a dormitory on the grounds of a military
garrison in the desert town of Agadez, and freed at least two
soldiers who had been held hostage.
2013 Jun 1, In Niger 3 members
of the Islamic extremist group Boko Haram tried to escape from the
central prison in Niamey. They managed to grab a gun and killed 2
security guards. All three were recaptured. 22 prisoner escaped
including Cheibani Ould Hama, a member of al-Qaida in the Islamic
Maghreb. He was first arrested in 2009 and is accused of having
assassinated four Saudi Arabians and an American.
(AP, 6/2/13)(AP, 6/3/13)
2013 Jul 25, In Niger the body
of a suspected stowaway fell from an Air France plane and was
discovered lifeless in a western suburb of the capital, Niamey.
2013 Jul 27, Niger and Nigerian
intelligence agents arrested a Nigerian terrorist leader in a border
area. His identify or group was not revealed.
2013 Aug 28, Niger media and
the UN said severe flooding since the start of August has killed at
least 20 people and left around 48,000 homeless.
2013 Oct 12, In Niger thousands
of people protested against French nuclear firm Areva, which has
been mining uranium in the impoverished country for nearly 50 years.
2013 Oct 28, Niger police said
dozens of migrants to Algeria from Niger died of thirst in the
desert south of the Sahara after their vehicle broke down. 19
2013 Oct 29, Niger said it has
accepted a controversial $1 billion loan from the Export-Import Bank
of China (China Exim Bank) to finance development projects.
2013 Oct 31, Niger authorities
said rescuers have found the bodies of 92 migrants, most of them
women and children, strewn across the Sahara desert after their
vehicles broke down and they died of thirst.
2013 Nov 2, Niger said it has
detained 100 migrants crossing the Sahara to Algeria, in a crackdown
on illegal migration after 92 people died trying to make the same
2013 Nov 9, Nigerís PM Brigi
Rafini said about one million of his people were facing severe food
shortages due to poor harvests after a drought and flooding.
2013 Nov 16, Niger said it has
arrested around 30 people, including defense and security personnel,
as part of a crackdown on human traffickers after the bodies of
dozens of migrants were found in the Sahara desert last month.
2013 Nov 27, Niger said it has
deactivated a third of its mobile phone connections to curb
anonymous phone calls used for criminal activity.
2013 Dec 21, In Niger up to
1,000 demonstrators marched in Niamey to protest their country's
"unbalanced" partnership with nuclear firm Areva as the French giant
negotiates a new uranium mining agreement with the government.
2014 Jan 21, France said it
will create new outposts and broaden its military presence in
Africa's turbulent Sahel region to better fight the terror threat
from extremist groups like al-Qaida. Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le
Drian said France is moving toward a regional counterterrorism
approach in former colonies like Chad, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso,
Niger and Mali.
2014 Feb 12, Niger police
detained three journalists from the Anfani private radio station as
well as a union leader who criticized President Mahamadou Issfouou
2014 Feb 17, Niger security
officials said they have arrested about 20 Boko Haram Islamist
militants from neighboring Nigeria who were suspected of planning
attacks in Niger's south east border town of Diffa.
2014 Mar 6, Niger extradited to
Libya one of Moammar Gadhafi's sons, al-Saadi, who fled as his
father's regime crumbled in 2011 and who was under house arrest in
the desert West African nation ever since.
2014 May 8, France said it will
deploy 3,000 soldiers to combat Islamist violence in the vast and
largely lawless Sahel region to pursue counter-terrorism in north
Mali, the north of Niger and in Chad.
2014 May 17, France and five
African countries (Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria)
declared war on the Boko Haram extremist Islamic sect. West African
leaders met in Paris to improve cooperation in the fight against
Boko Haram and other militant groups.
(Reuters, 5/17/14)(SSFC, 5/18/14, p.A5)
2014 Jun 5, A Niger minister
said the government has destroyed safe houses owned by human
trafficking networks for sheltering illegal migrants and forcibly
turned back anyone without a valid identity document in towns near
its northern border.
2014 Jun 8, Niger said it will
repatriate its citizens living as illegal migrants in neighboring
Algeria, as the government steps up efforts to combat trafficking
2014 Jul 17, French President
Francois Hollande began a visit to Ivory Coast to boost economic
ties with a nation emerging from a long conflict that divided it and
set back production. Ivory Coast still hosts hundreds of French
companies. His 3-day tour proceeded to Niger and Chad.
(AFP, 7/17/14)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.45)
2014 Jul 23, Cameroon, Chad,
Niger and Nigeria pledged to mobilize a joint force to tackle the
growing regional threat posed by Boko Haram Islamist militants
operating mainly in Nigeria.
2014 Aug 23, Niger's
agriculture minister, Abdou Labo, was arrested on suspicion of
involvement in a baby-trafficking network. 17 people, including his
wife and the spouses of other politicians, were arrested in June as
part of a police investigation.
2014 Oct 3, In Mali 9 United
Nations peacekeepers from Niger were killed in an ambush on their
2014 Oct 22, The government of
Niger said it has purchased a spy plane as part of its effort to
combat Islamist fighters and criminal gangs operating on its vast
2014 Oct 24, A multinational
force including troops from Nigeria and Niger wrested back control
of a town held by Boko Haram on the western shores of Lake Chad.
More than 20 insurgents were reported killed in fierce fighting at
2014 Oct, French forces in
Niger destroyed a convoy transporting weapons from Libya to Mali and
captured fighters linked to al Qaeda.
2014 Nov 24, In Nigeria
insurgents attacked Damassak town. Some 16,000 people fled Damassak
in Niger, to a makeshift emergency camp at Gagamari village.
2014 Dec 14, In Algeria 9
illegal migrants from Niger were killed when their bus and a truck
collided in Ghardaia as they were being repatriated.
2014 In Niger 12 schoolchildren
aged between 12 and 13 were killed this year when a hippo attacked
their boat on the Niger at Libore, a village near Niamey.
2014 The population of Niger
numbered about 17 million. An estimated 2.5 million had no secure
source of food. The birthrate averaged about 7.6 children per woman.
(Econ, 8/16/14, p.39)
2015 Jan 16, In Niger 4 people
were reported killed and dozens injured at a protest over a French
satirical weekly's latest caricature of the Prophet Muhammad.
2015 Jan 17, In Niger rioters
burned at least seven churches in Niamey over the publication of a
Prophet Mohammed cartoon on the cover of France's Charlie Hebdo
weekly. The weekend violence left 10 people dead and 45 churches set
(AFP, 1/17/15)(AP, 1/19/15)
2015 Jan 17, It was reported
that Cameroon, Chad and Niger have launched a regional bid to combat
the Boko Haram Islamists. In Chad tens of thousands marched in the
capital to show support for the fight against Boko Haram chanting in
French and Arabic: "Kick the forces of evil out of our territory."
2015 Feb 6, Forces from Chad
and Niger repelled Islamic extremists from Nigeria as they attacked
Bosso town inside Niger, marking the second foreign country attacked
by Boko Haram this week. 109 Boko Haram fighters were killed by
soldiers responding to attacks in fighting in the towns of Bosso and
Diffa near the border with Nigeria. 4 soldiers were killed and 17
(AP, 2/6/15)(AP, 2/7/15)
2015 Feb 8, In Niger Boko Haram
fighters waged a new attack on Diffa, a southeastern border town,
where a blast killed at least 5 people and injured at least 10. Aid
workers said the assailants had come from Nigeria.
(AFP, 2/8/15)(Reuters, 2/8/15)
2015 Feb 9, Islamist fighters
from Nigeria's Boko Haram sect attacked a prison in neighboring
2015 Feb 11, In Niger two
female suicide bombers blew themselves up in the frontier town of
Diffa, following days of cross-border attacks by Nigerian Islamist
group Boko Haram.
2015 Feb 12, A Niger spokesman
said security forces in Niger have killed 260 Boko Haram militants
since the group began cross-border attacks on its southeastern Diffa
region on Feb 6.
2015 Feb 14, Niger said it has
arrested several dozen people suspected of having links to Nigeria's
Boko Haram, since the start of cross-border attacks by the Islamist
group on Feb 6.
2015 Feb 17, In Niger PM Brigi
Rafini and other government officials led a march of some 35,000
people in Niamey to support the country's military following a
series of attacks along the border with Nigeria carried out by Boko
2015 Feb 17, In Niger 36
civilians at a funeral ceremony were killed when an unidentified
plane bombarded a village near the Nigerian border.
(AFP, 2/18/15)(CSM, 2/20/15)
2015 Feb 19, In southeastern
Niger Boko Haram militants attacked a village overnight, killing 3
people including the local chief and wounding three others before
being driven off by security forces.
2015 Feb 21, Niger said Boko
Haram militants have attacked an island on Niger's side of Lake Chad
but the army repelled them after heavy fighting.
2015 Feb 24, In Niger a mine
planted by Boko Haram insurgents killed two soldiers and injured
four others in the Diffa region bordering Yobe.
2015 Mar 4, In Niger a bomb
planted and remotely detonated by Boko Haram militants near the
southeastern town of Diffa killed two soldiers and wounded a third.
2015 Mar 6, The African Union
endorsed the creation of a regional force of up to 10,000 men to
join the fight against Boko Haram.
2015 Mar 8, The armies of Chad
and Niger launched a major ground and air strike against Boko Haram
in northeastern Nigeria.
2015 Mar 9, About 10 Chadian
soldiers died in fighting to free two towns in northern Nigeria
previously held by Boko Haram. A Niger military source said about
300 Boko Haram militants had been killed. About 30 Nigerien and
Chadian soldiers were wounded in clashes over Malam Fatouri and
2015 Mar 14, Troops from Chad
and Niger seized Damasak in northeastern Nigeria in the latest
defeat for the militants. Soldiers from Niger and Chad soon
discovered the bodies of at least 70 people, many of them beheaded,
dumped near a bridge outside Damasak. It was later reported that
Boko Haram militants kidnapped more than 400 women and children from
(Reuters, 3/19/15)(AP, 3/20/15)(Reuters, 3/25/15)
2015 Mar 26, Troops from Chad
and Niger pursued Boko Haram fighters across a northern Nigeria
border area, driving them out of a village they held there and
causing some to flee into Niger.
2015 Mar 30, In Niger militants
tried to attack the town of Bosso, just over the border with
Nigeria. Troops from Niger and Chad intervened, killing 47 militants
and destroying several of their vehicles and mortars.
2015 Apr 24, Niger said the
death toll in a meningitis epidemic that broke out in January has
2015 Apr 25, In Niger hundreds
of armed fighters from the Boko Haram militant group aboard
motorized canoes attacked the Lake Chad island of Karamga at dawn
and seized it from soldiers. A security source in Chad said Niger
lost 48 soldiers and another 36 were missing.
(Reuters, 4/26/15)(AFP, 4/27/15)
2015 May 4, Niger said it was
planning a military operation to remove Boko Haram extremists.
Soldiers arrived at the fishing village of Lelewa on Lake Chad and
ordered some 3,000 Nigerian fisherman and refugees to return to
Nigeria. A dozen people were later reported to have died on the
(SFC, 5/7/15, p.A4)
2015 May 11, Niger adopted a
law that could see human smugglers facing up to 30 years in prison
in an effort to stem the flow of illegal immigrants crossing its
borders in hopes of getting to Europe.
2015 Jun 16, The International
Organization for Migration said that 30 more bodies had been found
in Dirkou, northeast of Agadez, Niger. Local authorities said the
victims probably died several months ago as they tried to cross the
2015 Jun 18, In southern Niger
Boko Haram militants attacked two villages in the Diffa region
bordering Nigeria overnight, killing at least 30 civilians.
2015 Jun 23, In Niger, Boko
Haram militants killed 5 residents and burned more than 100 homes in
Yebbi village in the Diffa region.
(SFC, 6/26/15, p.A3)
2015 Jun 24, Nigerís army
killed 15 Boko Haram Islamic militants and captured 20 others
following the groupís attack on Yebbi village a day earlier.
(SFC, 6/26/15, p.A3)
2015 Jul 9, In southeast Niger
Boko Haram militants slit the throats of 5 civilians in Dagaya
during a targeted attack by the Islamist group wreaking havoc in the
2015 Jul 11, In southern Niger
suspected Boko Haram militants launched an attack on the prison in
Diffa late today, in an apparent bid to free fellow members of the
Nigerian Islamist group held there.
2015 Jul 15, In southeastern
Niger Boko Haram jihadists killed 16 civilians in an attack on a
village near Bosso. Another person succumbed later to their wounds.
2015 Jul 18, Nigerís army said
32 Boko Haram fighters were killed from July 15-17 during operations
following the July 15 attack by "Boko Haram elements".
2015 Jul 20, The UN's Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO) said markets and farms in Nigeria,
Burkina Faso, Niger, Ivory Coast and Ghana have been hit with the
deadly H5N1 virus over the past six months.
2015 Aug 14, The UN said at
least 4 people have died and more than 20,000 have been affected by
floods in Niger caused by weeks of heavy rain.
2015 Sep 24, In southeastern
Niger 15 civilians were killed in an attack by Boko Haram militants
on a border village.
2015 Oct 1, In southeastern
Niger an alleged Boko Haram attack on a village killed two of the
2015 Oct 4, In Niger suspected
Boko Haram militants killed 3 civilians and a soldier in a double
suicide attack in the southeastern region of Diffa.
2015 Oct 21, Two Niger soldiers
were killed in a suicide attack by a group of suspected Boko Haram
militants in the southeastern region of Diffa.
2015 Oct 23, Niger was ordered
to pay compensation to the family of former president Ibrahim Bare
Mainassara, who was killed by members of the presidential guard in a
1999 coup. Five judges sitting at the ECOWAS Court of Justice said
Niamey should pay a total of 435 million CFA francs (663,000 euros,
$750,000) to Mainassara's widow, five children and 11 brothers and
2015 Oct 28, In southeastern
Niger suspected Boko Haram militants killed at least 14 people in an
overnight attack on the village of Ala in the Diffa region.
2015 Nov 5, Niger said its air
force has bombed a Boko Haram base in the country's southeast and
arrested more than 20 militants, in its biggest counter-attack in
2015 Nov 25, In southeastern
Niger 18 people were killed and 100 homes torched in an attack in
the dead of night by Nigeria's Boko Haram fighters in the village of
2015 Nov 28, In Niger Boko
Haram activists raided a border village, killing 4 people and
torching some 50 homes.
2015 Nov 30, In southeastern
Niger militants from the Islamist group Boko Haram killed 8 people
in an attack on a village in the Diffa region.
2015 Dec 17, Niger's President
Mahamadou Issoufou said several arrests had been made in the army
ranks and of a former chief of staff because of a coup attempt.
2015 Dec 19, Niger said nine
military officers involved in allegedly planning an attempted coup
have been arrested and will face a military tribunal.
2015 Dec 23, In Niger suspected
Boko Haram militants killed 5 people in an overnight raid in the
third suspected attack by the group in less than 24 hours.
2016 Jan 13, Niger said twelve
soldiers and a civilian have been arrested so far in connection with
last month's failed coup.
2016 Jan 16, In Niger at least
6 soldiers were killed on patrol when their vehicle hit a mine in
the Diffa border region used by neighboring Nigeria's Boko Haram
2016 Jan 22, Niger said nearly
a quarter of its potential voters - 1.5 million people - will be
barred from casting ballots in next month's presidential poll, after
politicians failed to agree on a system for registering them.
2016 Feb 21, Niger closed its
borders and ramped up security for its general election in which
President Mahamadou Issoufou ran for a second term with a promise to
crush Islamist militants and develop one of the poorest countries in
the world. Issoufou won 48% of the votes in the first round of
elections. As no candidate obtained a majority a second round was
needed. A coalition of opposition parties boycotted the second
round. Issoufou subsequently won with 92.5% of the votes.
2016 Mar 4, At a meeting in
Chad's capital N'Djamena, defense chiefs from Chad, Niger, Burkina
Faso, Mali and Mauritania -- the so-called G5 Sahel countries --
pledged to form special units to respond quickly to threats and
attacks from Islamist militants.
2016 Mar 16, In Niger 3
gendarmes were killed and four security forces injured in separate
2016 Mar 20, Niger's Pres.
Mahamadou Issoufou ran for a second five-year term against opponent
Hama Amadou, who campaigned from behind bars before being flown last
week to Paris for medical treatment. Issoufou was re-elected.
(AP, 3/20/16)(AFP, 3/23/16)
2016 Mar 23, Niger's President
Mahamadou Issoufou, re-elected for a second term in a controversial
weekend poll, proposed forming a unity government with the
opposition which boycotted the vote.
2016 Mar 29, A Niger court
granted bail to presidential challenger Hama Amadou, who was
detained in November on shadowy baby trafficking charges but is
currently in France for medical treatment.
2016 May 16, The UN said more
than nine million people in the Lake Chad region are in desperate
need of food aid as the violent insurgency continues being waged
there by Boko Haram. Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and Niger have
significantly weakened Boko Haram but have been unable to vanquish
the Islamists entirely.
2016 Jun 2, Niger reported an
outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu virus among poultry
after the outbreak was confirmed at the end of May. The outbreak,
which killed all 86,000 poultry birds at the affected site, started
in late February, and followed a previous outbreak in the country
2016 Jun 3, In Niger 28 troops
were killed in a clash with Boko Haram jihadists at Bosso on the
border with Nigeria. The dead soldiers included 26 from Niger and 2
(AFP, 6/4/16)(AFP, 6/7/16)
2016 Jun 8, Chad reportedly
sent some 2,000 troops to neighboring Niger, where Boko Haram
insurgents inflicted heavy losses in the town of Bosso last week. On
June 18 Chadian troops were reported to be in Nigeria but not in
(AFP, 6/8/16)(Reuters, 6/18/16)
2016 Jun 16, Niger authorities
said 34 people, including 20 children, have died while attempting to
cross the Sahara Desert in an effort to reach Europe.
(SFC, 6/17/16, p.A2)
2016 Jun 18, In southeastern
Niger witnesses said Boko Haram extremists killed 7 military police
in an attack on a barracks in the Diffa region.
(SSFC, 6/19/16, p.A4)
2016 Jul 29, Niger said it has
extended a state of emergency in the southeastern region of Diffa
for three months after a series of attacks by Boko Haram.
2016 Nov 8, In Niger heavily
armed gunmen killed five soldiers and injured four others in an
attack on the western town of Banibangou near the border with Mali.
Two assailants were killed and 26 others in possession of weapons
and ammunition were arrested.
2016 Dec 9, Human Rights Watch
reported that over 1,400 migrants have been forcibly deported from
Algeria this month. HRW also said Algerian authorities have deported
hundreds of West African migrants to Niger this week, trucking them
thousands of miles across the desert in one of the biggest roundups
seen this year.
2016 The population of Niger
numbered about 20 million.
(Econ, 11/26/16, p.41)
2016 Dec 15, The European Union
offered 610 million euros ($635 million) to Niger on for keeping a
lid on migration from Africa through the Mediterranean to Europe.
2017 Jan 4, Niger said around
20 more members of the jihadist group Boko Haram have surrendered.
About 50 Boko Haram fighters have now given themselves up since
2017 Jan 5, The International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said women in the Lake Chad basin,
where the borders of Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria meet, have
been forced to sell sex to survive due to an insurgency by Boko
Haram fighters that has driven millions from their homes and left
children to starve.
2017 Jan 21, Representatives of
Libya's neighbors meeting in Cairo warned the North African nation's
main rival factions against seeking to settle their differences
through military force, as Egypt announced that efforts were
underway to bring their leaders together to chart a "joint vision"
for the country. The representatives came from Libya, Egypt, Sudan,
Algeria, Chad, Niger and Tunisia as well as the UN envoy to Libya.
2017 Feb 22, In Niger 16
soldiers were killed in an attack by Islamic extremists near the
village of Interzawane close to the border with Mali.
(SFC, 2/24/17, p.A2)(AP, 2/26/17)
2017 Feb 23, UN aid agencies
and donor countries gathered in Oslo for a two-day meeting to raise
emergency aid for millions of people threatened by famine in the
Lake Chad region, which comprises northeast Nigeria, northern
Cameroon, western Chad and southeast Niger.
2017 Feb 24, In Norway fourteen
donor countries, with the US conspicuously absent, pledged $672
million in emergency aid for people threatened by famine after eight
years of Boko Haram violence in the Lake Chad region, but the sum is
just a fraction of what the UN says is needed.
2017 Feb 25, France said it
will send a contingent of counterterror forces to help the army in
Niger after militants ambushed a military patrol on Feb 22 killing
2017 Mar 24, A court in Niger
freed fifteen civilians accused of complicity in an attempted putsch
against President Mahamadou Issoufou in December 2015.
2017 Jun 1, In Niger six
members of the security forces were killed when heavily-armed
attackers ambushed a military position in Abala, near the border
2017 Jun 1, In Niger local
officials in Agadez said at least 44 Libya-bound migrants, including
women and babies, died of thirst after their vehicle broke down in
the scorching Sahara desert.
2017 Jun 3, Mali's military
chief said the countries of West Africa's Sahel region are
requesting 50 million euros ($56 million) from the European Union to
help set up a multinational force to take on Islamist militant
groups. the so-called G5 Sahel countries included Chad, Niger,
Burkina Faso, Mali and Mauritania.
2017 Jun 16, In Niger 14 people
were reported killed after houses collapsed in Niamey with another
four missing. Nine children were reported dead there earlier this
2017 Jun 21, The UN Security
Council unanimously adopted a resolution that paves the way for the
deployment of a five-nation African military force to fight
jihadists in the Sahel region. Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania
and Niger had agreed in March to set up the special joint
2017 Jun 27, The International
Organization for Migration says 51 migrants are presumed dead in the
Sahara Desert in Niger after smugglers abandoned them during their
journey north to Libya.
2017 Jun 28, In Niger two
female suicide bombers killed two people and wounded 11 others late
today at a UN-managed camp housing thousands of people who have fled
Boko Haram violence in the first suicide attack in the region in a
2017 Jul 2, In Mali French
Pres. Emmanuel Macron met with leaders from five regional countries
known as the G5 (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger). He
said France will provide military support for operations as well as
70 tactical vehicles and communications, operations and protective
equipment to support a new multinational military force against
extremists in the vast Sahel region.
2017 Jul 5, Niger soldiers
killed 14 unarmed civilians after mistaking them for Boko Haram
militants during a patrol in the southeast around Abadam village.
2017 Jul 13, In western Niger
local authorities said at least 27 hippos have been slaughtered in a
touristy zone by villagers who blame them for destroying crops and
2017 Aug 2, Niger's Pres.
Mahamadou Issoufou sounded the alarm over his country's
world-leading birth rate, labelling the average of over seven
children per household a "handicap" to development in the
impoverished west African nation.
2017 Aug 28, The leaders of
France, Germany, Italy and Spain met in Paris with counterparts from
Libya, Niger and Chad to discuss ways to curb illegal migration
across the Mediterranean Sea to European shores.
2017 Sep 7, Niger launched a
campaign to destroy mosquito breeding sites in the capital in the
wake of heavy rains that have lashed the city since June.
2017 Oct 4, In southwestern
Niger an attack killed three US Army Special Forces members in a
region where insurgents are active. Four Nigerien troops were also
killed. A 4th US soldier, Sgt. La David Johnson, was found dead two
days after the ambush. Islamist Adnan Abu Waleed al-Sahrawi, the
leader of Islamic State in the Greater Sahara, later claimed
responsibility for the attack. Three IS leaders were later
identified as planning and directing the attack. In 2018 US Special
Forces killed two of the leaders, but Doundoun Cheffou was believed
to be still alive.
(Reuters, 10/5/17)(SFC, 10/7/17, p.A2)(SFC,
10/24/17, p.A8)(Reuters, 1/13/18)(SFC, 5/30/18, p.A3)
2017 Oct 21, In Niger 13
paramilitary police were killed in a fresh attack in the restive
southwest, just weeks after a deadly ambush on a joint US-Niger
(AP, 10/21/17)(Reuters, 10/21/17)(SSFC, 10/22/17,
2017 Oct 28, The G5 Sahel force
(Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger and Mauritania), backed by France
and the United States, launched its campaign to counter escalating
Islamist insurgencies amid growing unrest.
2017 Oct 29, In Niger 23 police
were hurt and a police station was set on fire in demonstrations
against financial reforms late today in the capital of Niamey.
2017 Oct 30, Secretary of State
Rex Tillerson said the United States has promised $60 million to
support the Group of Five Sahel States (G5 Sahel: Burkina Faso,
Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger) Joint Forceís counterterrorism
2017 Nov 1, Niger said it has
asked the United States to start using armed drones against jihadist
groups operating on the Mali border, raising the stakes in a
counter-insurgency campaign jolted by a deadly ambush of allied
2017 Nov 11, The UN evacuated
25 vulnerable refugees, who had been stuck in war-ravaged Libya, to
Niger. The group evacuated was made up of 15 women, six men and four
children of Eritrean, Ethiopian and Sudanese nationalities.
2017 Nov 23, France-based
Interpol said 40 suspected human traffickers have been arrested and
nearly 500 of their victims freed in a vast police operation in five
African countries. The operation earlier this month was carried out
in Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal.
2017 Dec 13, French President
Emmanuel Macron hosted a summit for the leaders of the G5 Sahel
(composed of the armies of Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso and
Chad) plus Germany and Italy as well as the Saudi and Emirati
ministers. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates committed 130
million euros ($152.75 million) to tackle Islamist militants in the
2017 Dec 24, Italian PM Paolo
Gentiloni said he would propose to parliament transferring some of
the country's 1,400 troops stationed in Iraq to Niger to fight
people smuggling and terrorism.
2018 Jan 8, The defence and
foreign ministers of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger,
the G5 Sahel, pledged to pool military efforts to fight terrorism
have set up a fiduciary fund to oversee donations for their
2018 Jan 9, Nigeriaís military
said troops from Nigeria and neighboring countries have launched
major offensives against the two Boko Haram factions and their
leaders. Soldiers from Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria were
targeting Abubakar Shekau in the Sambisa Forest, and Mamman Nur, on
and around Lake Chad, both in Borno state.
2018 Jan 17, In Niger suspected
Boko Haram fighters killed at least four soldiers and a civilian in
an attack on a military post in the southeastern Diffa region.
2018 Jan 31, The UN refugee
agency appealed for $157 million (126 million euros) to help over a
quarter of a million people affected by the insurgency led by the
militant Islamist group Boko Haram. Since 2013, the Boko Haram
conflict has internally displaced another 2.4 million people in
northeast Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
2018 Feb 6, In Niger five Sahel
countries (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) made a
pitch for further funds for a joint force to fight jihadism in their
2018 Feb 23, EU leaders and
intíl. donors in Brussels pledged 414 million euros ($510 million)
to help five countries in West Africa's vast Sahel region (Burkina
Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) set up a new counterterror
force as a deadly jihadist threat grows.
(AP, 2/23/18)(AFP, 2/23/18)
2018 Mar 12, In western Niger
three police were killed in Goube, a village in the border region
with Mali that has come under repeated attack from jihadists.
2018 Mar 25, In Niger four
leading opposition and rights figure were among 23 people arrested
after a protest against new taxes degenerated into clashes between
demonstrators and police.
2018 Apr, In Niger US Special
Forces ambushed and killed 20 to 25 militants including two leaders
of ISIS in the Greater Sahara who were involved in the Oct 4, 2017,
ambush that killed 4 US soldiers.
(SFC, 5/30/18, p.A3)
2018 May 10, The UN's refugee
agency airlifted 132 vulnerable migrants from Libya to Niger, the
first group to be flown out after a two-month halt in such
2018 May 25, Ten international
NGOs including Amnesty International and Oxfam called for the
release of 26 civil society activists detained since March 25 after
a banned demonstration in Niamey, Niger.
2018 Jun 4, In Niger three
female suicide bombers killed 10 people at a mosque in the
southeastern city of Diffa who had gathered after breaking the
2018 Jul 13, Algeria deported
391 African migrants trying to reach Europe, sending them back over
the Sahara desert into neighboring Niger.
2018 Jul 19, In Niger French
Defence Minister Florence Parly arrived for talks with her Nigerien
counterpart Kalla Moutari and President Mahamadou Issoufou about
boosting the G5 Sahel force's "operational dynamics".
2018 Jul 30, The US military
confirmed that US forces started deploying armed drones in the west
African country of Niger earlier this year to attack Islamist
2018 Aug 29, Britain's Theresa
May landed in Nigeria's capital on the second leg of her maiden
Africa tour aimed at drumming up post-Brexit trade deals outside the
EU. Britain said it would open new embassies in Chad and Niger to
boost its diplomatic presence in Africa's troubled Sahel region.
2018 Sep 3, In northern Niger
some 347 people from 13 countries, including Mali, Guinea and
Senegal, were found in Assamaka after arriving on foot overnight. A
further 92 were rescued the next day.
2018 Sep 18, Niger said an
Italian priest was kidnapped overnight in a region where a number of
extremist groups are active. Rev. Pierluigi Maccalli, a member of
the Society of African Missions religious order, had promoted
initiatives to encourage an end to the cultural practice of female
(AP, 9/18/18)(Reuters, 9/18/18)
2018 Sep 19, The UN said more
than 500 people have died from cholera in the Lake Chad region since
the start of the year, representing the worst outbreak to hit the
area in four years. The Lake Chad region straddles parts of Nigeria,
Cameroon, Chad and Niger, which are also grappling with a jihadist
2018 Sep 25, Medical charity
Doctors Without Borders warned over unprecedented levels of child
mortality in southern Niger during the past month, with 10 children
dying per day. Most of the deaths were linked to surging cases of
malaria or malnutrition.
2018 Sep 27, The UN said the
cholera outbreak in Niger has killed 67 people since July out of
thousands of recorded cases.
2018 Sep 30, A Niger a
parliamentary source said a tax on international calls will be
reintroduced in 2019 and accused telecom companies of failing to
honor commitments to improve services.
2018 Oct 3, Niger kicked out an
employee of the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF),
accused of exaggerating the death toll from a malaria epidemic in
the south of the West African country. A video by Anne Pittet, an
MSF pediatrist, said 10 children were dying each day in the southern
town of Magaria from malaria or malnutrition.
2018 Nov 5, In Senegal a
two-day African security forum opened in Dakar amid concerns about
funding for a much-trumpeted initiative to bind the G5 Sahel force
(Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) into an anti-terror
2018 Nov 22, In southeastern
Niger seven local employees of a French drilling firm and a
government official were killed when suspected Boko Haram gunmen
stormed the compound where they were sleeping in the Diffa region
near the Lake Chad basin.
2018 Nov 24, In southeastern
Niger about 50 unidentified armed men kidnapped 15 girls overnight
in the Diffa region.
2018 Nov 27, Niger's health
minister said Niger has ordered the closure of two centers run by
British charity Marie Stopes International on grounds it was
illegally performing abortions. Niger allows abortion only in cases
where the pregnancy endangers the mother's life.
2018 Nov 29, Top leaders from
Chad, Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon held talks in N'Djamena (Chad) to
discuss the recent escalation of attacks by Boko Haram jihadists in
the Lake Chad area.
2018 Dec 6, The European Union
and France said their total investment in development funding aimed
at preventing terrorism in the G5 African Sahel countries
(Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, and Niger) would rise to 1.3
billion euros ($1.5 billion), as the region struggles with jihadism
2018 Dec 15, In Nigeria leaders
of countries in the Lake Chad region met to give fresh impetus to
their fight against Boko Haram. Benin, the Central African Republic,
Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria will hold a follow-up to a
November gathering in Chad to tackle a surge in Boko Haram attacks
in the restive region.
2018 Dec 27, In southwestern
Niger a French air raid mounted by French and Nigerian fighters and
Tiger attack helicopters struck" jihadists gathered near Tongo
Tongo. Some 15 suspected jihadists were reported killed.
2018 Dec 30, Five Nigerien and
five Nigerian" troops and 11 enemy fighters were killed over the
last 24 hours in an operation launched against gangs in the Maradi
2019 Jan 3, Niger's defense
ministry said several days of raids have killed more than 280 Boko
Haram extremists near the border with Nigeria.
2019 Feb 1, In southern Niger
Boko Haram islamists shot dead six people late today in Bague
Djaradi, a village near the border with Nigeria.
2019 Feb 25, Niger hosted
leaders of 17 countries on the rim of the Sahel (Benin, Burkina
Faso, Chad, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Gambia, Guinea,
Ethiopia, Eritrea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria,
Senegal and Sudan) as talks began on a nearly $400-billion plan to
help the fragile region cope with climate change.
2019 May 6, In Niger a tanker
truck explosion near the international airport in Niamey killed 55
people. The death toll soon rose to 76.
2019 May 14, In Niger 28
soldiers were killed after an ambush by jihadists not far from the
volatile border with Mali. Jihadists linked to the Islamic State
soon claimed responsibility.
(AP, 5/16/19)(Reuters, 5/16/19)(SFC, 5/17/19,
2019 May 28, The United Nations
refugee agency said violence in northwest Nigeria has forced around
20,000 refugees to flee to neighboring Niger since April.
2019 Jul 1, In western Niger at
least 18 soldiers were killed and four others were missing after
suspected Islamist militants blew up two cars and fired on a
2019 Jul 7, The long
sought-after African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), which
African leaders hope will become the world's largest free trade zone
by cutting trade tariffs and barriers between 1.2 billion people,
was officially launched at an African Union (AU) summit in Niger.
2019 Sep 5, A UN source said at
least 66 civilians were kidnapped in July in southeastern Niger near
the border with Nigeria where the jihadist group Boko Haram is
2019 Nov 19, The World Food
Program (WFP) said jihadist violence in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso
has forced nearly 1 million people to flee their homes, destroyed
fragile agricultural economies and hobbled humanitarian aid efforts.
2019 Dec 4, President Emmanuel
Macron demanded West African leaders of Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso,
Chad and Mauritania to dismiss growing anti-French sentiment across
the region if they wanted France's military to continue its
operations against Islamist militants.
2019 Dec 12, The Islamic State
group claimed responsibility for an attack on a military camp in
Niger that killed at least 71 soldiers earlier this week.
2019 Dec 25, In Niger Islamic
extremists on motorcycles killed 14 security force members who were
escorting election officials late today near Sanam.
2020 Jan 9, Niger's defense
ministry said a large assault on its military left at least 25
soldiers dead along with 63 jihadists in the town of Chinagodrar on
the border with Mali. The death toll soon rose to at least 89,
making it the most deadly attack of its kind in years in the nation.
(SFC, 1/11/20, p.A2)(AP, 1/13/20)
2020 Feb 7, French air strikes
killed 20 militants in the Sahel region where Mali, Niger and
Burkina Faso meet. Earlier in the week commando operations killed
about ten others in the border area.
(SSFC, 2/9/20, p.A3)
2020 Mar 15, Niger's army
reportedly killed at least 50 Boko Haram Islamist extremists during
an overnight attack on the eastern Toumour military post.
(SFC, 3/18/20, p.A2)
2020 Mar 19, Niger confirmed
its first coronavirus case.
2020 Mar 27, In northwestern
Niger an army operation began that left 102 civilians missing by the
time it left the region on 2 April. In September at least 71 bodies
were found in six mass graves in Tillaberi, an area affected by
jihadist violence. The civilians had been killed with bladed weapons
and small arms.
2020 Apr 2, Niger's army
clashed with jihadists on motorcycles in the Tillaberi region near
the border with Mali. Four soldiers and 63 jihadists were reported
(SSFC, 4/5/20, p.A3)
2020 Apr 29, It was reported
that Niger has been struck by a new outbreak of polio, following the
suspension of immunization activities during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Across Africa, 14 other countries struggled to contain their polio
epidemics, which have also been caused by a rare mutation of the
virus in the oral vaccine.
2020 May 9, In Niger at least
20 people were killed in attacks by gunmen on several villages in
the Anzourou area. The unidentified group reportedly looted shops,
stole cattle and ordered village inhabitants to flee.
(BBC, 5/11/20)(SFC, 5/12/20, p.A2)
2020 May 11, Nigerien and
allied forces from neighboring states killed 75 Boko Haram
insurgents in security operations in the region where the borders of
Niger, Nigeria and Chad converge.
2020 May 12, The United Nations
refugee agency said violence in northwest Nigeria has forced about
23,000 refugees to flee to Niger since April and raised concerns
about the deteriorating security situation.
2020 May 31, In western Niger
dozens of armed men on motorcycles have attacked Intikane, a town
that has been hosting 35,000 displaced people, killing three and
cutting off the community's water supply. The authors said the
discovery from an 8th-century BC shrine at Tel Arad offers the first
proof for ďthe use of mind-altering substances as part of cultic
rituals in Judah," including the first Jewish Temple that stood in
Jerusalem at the same time.
2020 Aug 9, In Niger gunmen
attacked a group of aid workers, killing six French citizens and two
guides at a giraffe park in the Koure region. On Sept. 17 the
Islamic State group claimed responsibility.
(AP, 8/9/20)(SFC, 9/18/20, p.A2)
2020 Aug 28, It was reported
that flooding from heavy rains in Niger has killed at least 45
people this week and forced more than 226,000 from their homes.
2020 Oct 20, Denmark in
partnership with Germany, the European Union and the UN hosted a
conference on the Sahel in a bid to instill a more acute sense of
urgency. International donors agreed to give $1.7 billion in
humanitarian aid to the central Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali and
Niger), after the United Nations said the northern African region
plagued by violence and climate change was at "breaking point".
2020 Oct 26, Gunmen in Niger
kidnapped American citizen Philipe Nathan Walton early today and
demanded a ransom from his relatives. This kidnapping brings to
seven the number of foreign hostages believed to be held by
extremist groups in Niger.
2020 Oct 31, In Niger US
special forces rescued American citizen Philipe Nathan Walton, who
was abducted earlier this week.
2020 Dec 27, Niger held
presidential and legislative elections that could see the West
African country's first democratic transition of power since
independence amid a growing threat from jihadists in the region.
President Mahamadou Issoufou, who has served two terms, is stepping
down, paving the way for the first peaceful transfer of power
between two elected presidents since Niger became independent from
France in 1960. None of the 28 candidates won a majority. Former
foreign affairs minister Mohamed Bazoum of the ruling party will
face off against former president Mahamane Ousmane on Feb. 21.
(AP, 12/27/20)(SSFC, 1/3/21, p.A4)
2020 Niger registered only
about 3% of deaths.
(Econ., 5/9/20, p.34)
2021 Jan 2, In Niger suspected
Islamist militants attacked two villages, with reports of dozens of
civilians killed. Around 49 died and 17 were injured in the village
of Tchombangou, while another 30 died in Zaroumdareye, both near
Niger's western border with Mali. PM Brigi Rafini later said 70
people were killed in the village of Tchombangou and 30 others in
(BBC, 1/3/21)(BBC, 1/3/21)