Timeline New Caledonia

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1853        The island of New Caledonia was made a French possession. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s has dissipated.

1957        In New Caledonia all native Kanaks were granted French citizenship.
    (SFC, 10/5/20, p.A4)

1971        Australia joined with New Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006, associate members territories are New Caledonia and French Polynesia. In 2011 Guam, the Northern Marianas and American Samoa became associate members.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Islands_Forum)(Econ., 2/13/21, p.41)

1988        Jun 26, The Matignon Agreements were agreements signed in the Htel Matignon by Jean-Marie Tjibaou and Jacques Lafleur between loyalists who wanted to keep New Caledonia as a part of the French Fifth Republic, and separatists, who did not. The agreements were arranged under the aegis of the Government of France as a result of discussions and compromises arranged by Christian Blanc, the negoiator for Michel Rocard's government.

1988        In New Caledonia 19 independence activists killed after taking police hostage in the town of Ouvea. Four soldiers were also killed.
    (AP, 5/5/18)
1988        Violence on New Caledonia ended after authorities in Paris agreed to a referendum on independence to be held in 10 years. Indigenous Kanak leaders pushing for independence had managed to get their islands re-listed as non-self-governing in the 1980s.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, p.42)

1997        Dec, In New Caledonia an outbreak of dengue fever began.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T14)

1998        Apr 21, French and New Caledonian rival factions agreed to hold a referendum on whether the territory should move to independence. The territory holds about 30% of the worlds nickel reserves.
    (SFC, 4/22/98, p.A9)

1998        Dec, In New Caledonia a referendum for a 2-year transition to independence was to be voted upon, but Kanak leaders agreed to a further delay of 15-20 years.
    (SFC, 4/22/98, p.A9)(Econ, 5/25/13, p.42)

2001        Apr 22, The Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded. Jane Akre and Steve Wilson, American TV journalist, won for reports on modified bovine growth hormone. Eugene Rutagarama of Rwanda won for efforts to protect the mountain gorillas. Myrsini Malakou and Giorgos Catsadorakis, Greek biologists, won for their efforts to save the Prespa wetlands. Yosepha Alomang, spokeswoman for the Amungme tribe of Irian Jaya, won for her opposition to mining dumps by Freeport McMoran. Oscar Olivera, grassroots leader in Bolivia, won for his efforts against water privatization. Bruno Van Peteghem, an Air France crew member, won for resisting mining activities on New Caledonia.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A3)

2011        Aug 6, France's Overseas Ministry said four people have been killed and another 23 injured in a conflict over an increase in airline ticket prices on Mare, an island in the South Pacific archipelago of New Caledonia.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2016        Nov 20, Heavy rains and strong winds hit the French Pacific territory of New Caledonia destroying homes. At least three people were killed, including two children.
    (AP, 11/22/16)

2017        Nov 19, An earthquake of magnitude 6.6 struck in the Pacific Ocean 42 miles (67 km) east-northeast of Tadine in New Caledonia's Loyalty Islands.
    (Reuters, 11/19/17)

2017        The population of New Caledonia was about 269,000.
    (Econ, 4/8/17, p.34)

2018        May 5, French President Emmanuel Macron acknowledged the "pain of colonization" during a visit to New Caledonia, as the South Pacific archipelago prepared to vote on whether to break free of French rule.
    (AP, 5/5/18)

2018        Aug 6, In New Caledonia a worker died in an accident at the Doniambo nickel smelter in the capital of Noumea. The South Pacific country is one of the world's largest sources of nickel, and mining and metals processing plays a major role in its economy.
    (Reuters, 8/6/18)

2018        Nov 4, Voters in New Caledonia voted in a referendum on whether the French territory in the South Pacific should break free from the European country that claimed it in the mid-19th century. 56.4 percent of people rejected the proposition.
    (AFP, 11/4/18)

2019        May 12, Voters in the French Pacific territory of New Caledonia cast ballots for their local Congress, with separatists hoping to win a majority. Under a 1998 agreement, there can be two further votes on independence before 2022 in the archipelago located more than 1,000 km (600 miles) northeast of Brisbane, Australia.
    (AFP, 5/12/19)

2020        Oct 4, New Caledonia islanders rejected an initiative (53.3% v 46.7%) to sever ties with France. The South Pacific archipelago numbered about 270,000 inhabitants.
    (SFC, 10/5/20, p.A4)

2020        Dec, In New Caledonia protesters, demanding public control of natural resources, blockaded several mines that are part-owned by foreign firms. New Caledonia is the world's fourth biggest producer of nickel.
    (Econ., 2/13/21, p.71)

2021        Mar 4, Political leaders in New Caledonia agreed new terms for the sale of Vale's nickel business, including a majority stakeholding for local interests, seeking to resolve unrest over the planned sale.
    (Reuters, 3/4/21)

2021        Oct 13, New Caledonian miner Prony Resources said Tesla Inc had agreed to purchase around 42,000 tons of nickel in a multi-year deal, a pact that is set to make the miner a key supplier of the metal to the US electric car maker.
    (Reuters, 10/13/21)

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