Timeline Nepal

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Country Reports: https://www.countryreports.org/country/Nepal.htm

The Gurkhas are a Nepalese warrior clan that has been used as elite fighters by the British army.
    (SFC, 2/10/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A8)
Nepal as of 2011 contained 103 ethnic and 93 language groups.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.50)The Gurkhas are a Nepalese warrior clan that has been used as elite fighters by the British army.

3200-1600BC    The Indus Valley civilization grew up along the banks of the Indus River in what later became Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Dara showed the development of multi-level houses and city-wide plumbing. A natural disaster that altered the course of the Indus River appears to have brought about the collapse of this civilization. The Harappan (Indus) civilization slowly disintegrated by about 1000 BC. It extended over more than 386,000 square miles (1 million square km) across the plains of the Indus River from the Arabian Sea to the Ganges. In 2012 researchers said Harappans faced climate change and apparently fled along an escape route to the east toward the Ganges basin, where monsoon rains remained reliable.
    (http://eawc.evansville.edu)(Reuters, 3/15/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harappa)

563BC        Buddha (d.483BC), Siddhartha Gautama, was born in Northern India (later Nepal). Raja Suddhodana, king of the Sakyas in the 6th century BC, is best known as the father of Buddha. The kingdom of the Sakyas was on what is now the border of Nepal and India. The birthplace of the Indian prince Siddartha, who became the monk Buddha, was believed to have been discovered by archeologists in 1996. Lumbini, Nepal, the birthplace of Buddha, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. His birthday was later celebrated in Nepal on the day of the first full moon in May. Wesak Day (Waisak, Vesak), also known as Buddha's birthday, is also observed as the anniversary of his enlightenment.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vesak)(SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.30)(SFC,12/5/97, p.B2)(AP, 5/17/11)

c250BC    In Patan the 4 corners are marked by stupas said to be constructed on orders of Emperor Ashoka.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)

889        Bhaktapur, Nepal, was founded under the Malla dynasty.
    (SSFC, 9/21/03, p.C8)

1200-1500    Bhaktapur, Nepal, rose to dominate the entire Kathmandu Valley region culturally and politically.
    (SSFC, 9/21/03, p.C8)

1257        In Nepal an earthquake destroyed almost all of the Kathmandu Valley. A Newar architect named Araniko (1245-1306) emerged during the reconstruction of palaces, temples and pagodas. He was later summoned by Kublai Khan to work in Beijing, where his work included the White Stupa of Miaoying Temple, completed in 1288.
    (SSFC, 5/1/16, p.F4)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Araniko)

1484-1768    The Nepalese city-states of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, were each ruled by its own Malla king after the Malla dynasty divided up the Kathmandu Valley.
    (SSFC, 9/21/03, p.C8)

c1500-1800    The Malla dynasty created an architectural frenzy in Patan between the 16th and 18th centuries.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)

1600-1700    Ladakh was a West Tibetan kingdom of this time with lands that extended into what is now Nepal.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.T4)

1768        Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of Nepal, defeated the Malla rulers.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)

1769        Bhaktapur, Nepal, fell and the triumphant Gurkhas took Kathmandu as their capital.
    (SSFC, 9/21/03, p.C8)

1769-1775    Prithvi Narayan Shah, with whom we move into the modern period of Nepal's history, was the ninth generation descendant of Dravya Shah (1559-1570), the founder of the ruling house of Gorkha.

1800s        A Nepalese prince in Gorkha allowed the British to recruit his subjects following the defeat of Nepal by the British East India Co. The recruits became known as Gurkhas.
    (WSJ, 7/3/01, p.A11)

1812        Sep, William Moorcroft, East India Co. head of 5,000 acre horse farm at Pusa, India, was arrested in Nepal while returning from Tibet to India. They were released after 17 days in captivity.
    (ON, 1/02, p.3)

1815        Nepalese soldiers, later known as Gurkhas, began serving in the British military.
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.58)

1832        In Nepal the 60-meter-high (100-foot) Dharahara Tower was built in Kathmandu for the queen of Nepal. In was destroyed in an earthquake in 2015.
    (Reuters, 4/25/15)

1846        The Kot Massacre took place in Nepal. The Rana dynasty forced the Shah monarchy from power and then ruled until 1951.
    (SFC, 6/7/01, p.A12)(www.russojapanesewar.com/lewis-3.html)

1900        Nepalese were recruited into Bhutan as loggers.
    (WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A8)

1911        In Nepal King Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah (36) passed away and his son King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah (b.1906) ascended the throne.

1911        King George V of Britain visited India. He went hunting in Nepal and from the back of an elephant bagged 21 tigers, 8 rhinos, and a bear.
    (NG, 12/97, p.138)

1921        George Leigh Mallory (36) took part in the 1st expedition of mountain climbers to explore Mt. Everest on the border of Nepal and Tibet.
    (ON, 3/05, p.6)

1922        George Leigh Mallory (36) took part in a 2nd expedition of mountain climbers to Mt. Everest. 7 porters were killed and the expedition failed to reach the summit.
    (ON, 3/05, p.7)

1923        Dec 21, Nepal changed from British protectorate to independent nation.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1924        Jun 8, George Mallory (38), a British schoolteacher, and Andrew Irvine (28), a student at Cambridge, attempted to reach the top of Mount Everest from their camp at 26,800 feet. The body of Mallory was found May 1, 1999 on a ledge at 27,000 feet. Irvineís body was not found. Two books were published in 1999 that used parallel narratives for the 2 expeditions: "The Lost Explorer" by Conrad Anker and David Roberts, and "Ghosts of Everest" by Jochen Hemmleb, Larry A. Johnson and Eric R. Simonson (as told to William E. Northdurft). In 2012 Wade Davis won Britainís leading nonfiction book prize for ďInto the Silence: The Great War, Mallory and the Conquest of Everest."
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/16/99, p.W10)(SFC, 11/14/12, p.F3)

1933        Apr 3, Royal Air Force Lieutenant David McIntyre and the Scottish Marquess of Clydesdale, flying two open-cockpit Westland aircraft, completed the first overflight and aerial photographic survey of Mount Everest. The British Mount Everest team, battled extreme cold and high winds as they photographed the previously unknown crest of the 29,028-foot peak.
    (HNPD, 4/3/99)

1933        Apr 13, The first flight over Mount Everest was completed by Lord Clydesdale. [see Apr 3]
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1934        Jan 15, An 8.4 earthquake in India and Nepal killed some 15,000 people. It damaged the Mahabuddha Temple in Patan, Nepal, one of but 3 in the world.
    (http://asc-india.org/menu/gquakes.htm)(WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)

1934        Maurice Wilson, soldier and mystic, attempted to scale Everest while relying on fasting and prayer. His body was found the next year.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.C8)

1935        Charles Warren (d.1999 at 92), pediatrician, attempted to scale Mt. Everest. He failed to reach the summit but found the body of Maurice Wilson and Wilson's diary. He also failed on two other attempts.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.C8)

1937        The British rulers of India built a narrow gauge railroad to transport timber from Nepal to India. It quit operating in 2014.
    (SFC, 12/15/18, p.A4)

1948        Nepal established diplomatic relations with the US.

1950        Jun 3, French expedition reached the top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal. Maurice Herzog (1919-2012) became the first man to climb the 8,000-meter peak despite losing all his fingers and toes to frostbite. He later went on to scale the heights of French politics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapurna)(AP, 12/15/12)

1950        Jul 31, India and Nepal signed a treaty of peace and friendship.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mdf3sk5)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.32)

1951        Feb, King Tribhuvan (1906-1955) returned to Kathmandu to usher in a new era of democracy in Nepal after oligarchy finally succumbed to popular demands.

1953        May 29, Mount Everest was conquered as Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tensing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal, became the first climbers to reach the summit. The expedition was led by John Hunt (d.1998 at 88). Tenzing Norgay later authored the autobiography "Man of Everest."
    (AP, 5/29/97)(SFEC, 6/1/97, p.T5)(HN, 5/29/98)(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A23)(WSJ, 6/4/01, p.A20)

1955        King Tribhuvan (b.1906) died and was succeeded by his eldest son Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah (b.1920).

1959        King Mahendra promulgated Nepal's first constitution based on a multiparty democratic polity under which the first general elections were held later this year to elect a House of Representatives.

1960        In Nepal malaria was eradicated. Illiterate tribes on the Terai plains were displaced by higher-caste hordes streaming down from the hills and became serfs in their own land.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)

1961        Jan, Nepalís King Mahendra introduced the indigenous Panchayat System (village council). Early in 1961 the king set up a committee of four officials from the Central Secretariat to recommend changes in the constitution that would abolish political parties and substitute a "National Guidance" system based on local panchayat led directly by the king.

1961        Dec 26, Nepalís King Mahendra appointed a council of five ministers to help run the administration. Several weeks later, political parties were declared illegal.

1960s        Many Nepalese migrated to Bhutan for economic reasons.
    (Econ, 10/25/03, p.39)

1961        By late 1961 violent actions organized by the Nepali Congress in exile began along the Indian border, increasing in size and number during early 1962.

1962        Jim Edwards began running jungle safaris in Nepal and accumulated his own elephant herd.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)

1963        May 1, James Whittaker became the 1st American to conquer Mount Everest as he and a Sherpa guide reached the summit.
    (AP, 5/1/03)

1965        Col. Jimmy Roberts first hired Khumbu Sherpas to serve his clients on adventure "treks." The term originally was used by the British during the Boer War to describe a slow journey by oxcart. His first trekkers were 3 middle-aged American women from the Midwest.
    (SFEM, 6/6/99, p.12)

1969        In Nepal the royal residence Narayanhiti Palace was completed in Kathmandu. On Feb 26, 2009, it was opened to public.
    (Econ, 3/28/09, p.51)

1970        Apr 5, Six Nepalese Sherpas died in an avalanche during a Japanese skiing expedition on Everest.
    (SFC, 5/15/96, A-10)(www.everestsummiteersassociation.org/listofdeadoneverst.htm)

1970        May 6, Yuichiro Miura (b.1932) of Japan skied down Mt. Everest.

1970        May 27, Dougal Haston and Don Whillans, members of a British expedition, climbed the south face of Nepalís Annapurna I, the 10th highest summit in the world.

1972        King Mahendra, Nepalís poet-king, passed away at Diyalo Bangalow, Bharatpur. Crown Prince Birendra (b.1945) ascended the throne of the kingdom. Birendra was killed by his son in 2001.
    (www.nepalmonarchy.gov.np/monarcyinnepal/monarchyinnepal.php)(WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A6)

1975        Feb 24, In Nepal Birendra, who came to the throne on January 31, 1972, was crowned.

1975        May 16, Japanese climber Junko Tabei (b.1939) became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
    (AP, 5/16/97)

1975        Dec, The bodies of Tourists Connie Jo Bronzich (29) and Laurent Armand Carriere were found badly burned in a field outside Kathmandu, Nepal. In 2003 Charles Sobhraj (59) was ordered to stand trial for their murder. Police said he had killed as many as 20 people. In 2004 he was convicted in Nepal and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.D1)(www.abc.net.au/am/content/2004/s1175776.htm)

1975        Thailand issued a warrant for the arrest of Charles Sobhraj on charges of drugging and killing six women, all wearing bikinis, on a beach at Pattaya. Sobhraj is also accused of killing more than 20 young Western backpackers across Asia, usually by drugging their food or drink, in the 1970s and 1980s. Sobhraj, serving 20 years in India, escaped from prison in the mid-1980s, but was caught and returned to jail until 1997. In 2003 French national Sobhraj was arrested from a casino in Kathmandu on charges that he traveled to the Himalayan nation on a fake passport 32 years ago. He was subsequently sentenced to life in prison for murdering an American backpacker in 1975.
    (Reuters, 12/19/07)

1976        Nepal outlawed marijuana, traditional use of which had gone back centuries.
    (SFC, 2/22/20, p.A2)

1977        Apr 29, Donald Evans (b.1945), American artist, died in a fire in the Netherlands. His work included the creation of postage stamp series for imaginary countries.
    (WSJ, 2/5/03, p.D10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Evans_(artist))

1978        Oct, An all-woman team climbed the 26,558-foot Mt. Annapurna. 2 women died in an accident 2 days after Irene Miller and Vera Komarkova reached the top.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.E3)

1978        May 8, In Nepal Italian Reinhold Messner (b.1944) and Austrian Peter Habeler (b.1942) became the first climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest without supplementary oxygen.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Habeler)(SFC, 4/20/18, p.A2)

1980        Aug 20, Reinhold Messner of Italy became the 1st to solo ascent Mt. Everest.

1980        In Nepal the Chaudry Group financed the royalistsí campaign in a pro-democracy referendum and was rewarded lucrative licenses to import booze and sell paper.
    (Econ, 5/14/16, p.54)

1982        In Nepal elephant polo began under the direction of Jim Edwards, a jungle safari organizer.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)
1982        In Nepal the Chaudry Group handed half a steelmaking venue to the kingís brother. Binod Chaudry later called this the main reason for his success. By 2016 he was Nepalís sole billionaire.
    (Econ, 5/14/16, p.54)

1984        In Nepal authorities began to introduce 72 rhinos, also known as the Indian rhinoceros, in the Babai Valley, 320 km southwest of Kathmandu, as part of a conservation drive. By 2007 at least 23 had died due to poaching and other causes, and the rest were missing.
    (Reuters, 1/3/07)

1985        Ned Gilette (d.1998 at 53) and Jan Reynolds published "Everest Grand Circle: A Climbing and Skiing Adventure Through Nepal and Tibet."
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A24)

1985        The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was founded in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with the aim of promoting economic cooperation and alleviating poverty in South Asia. Members included Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 11/13/05)

1987        Chendra and Shanti, one-horned rhinos, were presented as a gift to the SF Zoo from Prine Gyanendra of Nepal. They came from the Royal Chitwan National park, one of only 3 places where the species survives in the wild.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.B1)
1987        Olga Murray (62), a retired California Supreme Court research attorney, broke her leg while traveling in Nepal. Her hospital experience led her to support another young patient and then to found her Nepalese Youth Opportunity Foundation. Her efforts grew to fight the use of young girls as domestic slaves. In 2006 the Nepalese Supreme Court past token legislation outlawing the ďkamlari" system, which indentured young girls.
    (SSFC, 2/8/09, p.A17)

1988        Aug 21, More than 1,000 people were killed in an earthquake on the Nepal-India border.
    (AP, 8/21/98)

1988        A census found that southern Bhutan had a lot of illegal Nepalese settlers. Protestors of the census were jailed, some expulsion orders were issued and others were harassed out.
    (WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A1)(Econ, 10/25/03, p.39)

1990        Feb 5, The Nepali Congress passed a resolution officially launching the "country-wide peaceful mass movement." Shortly thereafter, as many as 475 opposition party members, human rights advocates, students, lawyers and journalists were arrested. In a number of incidents, police opened fire indiscriminately into crowds of unarmed demonstrators. Estimates of the number killed range from 50 to several hundred. While the lower figure probably is more accurate, the precise figure may never be known because the police disposed of many of the bodies in secret without conducting inquests.

1990        A parliamentary democracy with 205 seats was adopted to replace the absolute monarchy. A popular revolt led to the institution of a constitutional monarchy.
    (WSJ, 5/3/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/13/99, p.C2)(WSJ, 6/5/01, p.A26)

1990s        The Gurkha Army Ex-Servicemen's Organization (Gaeso) was founded along with the publication of "Gurkha Soldier Voice."
    (WSJ, 7/3/01, p.A11)

1991        May 26, In Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala (1925-2010) became prime minister of the first democratically elected government after a popular revolt ended absolute rule by the king.
    (AP, 3/20/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)

1991        Nepal banned the import of 2-stroke three wheelers due to the smog. The ban led to the development of a fleet of electric three-wheelers.
    (WSJ, 5/31/00, p.B1)(www.environmentnepal.com.np/articles_d.asp?id=268)

1992        Sep 28, A Pakistani jetliner crashed in Nepal, killing all 167 people aboard. The crew had miscalculated their altitude.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A10)

1992        In Nepal the region of Mustang was opened to visitors. It was only accessible by a week-long hike from the town of Jomsom along the Mustang River. Explorer and artist Robert Powell began visiting there and creating local paintings.
    (WSJ, 3/5/99, p.W10)

1992        Dwarika Das Shrestha, founder of Dwarika's Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, died.
    (SFEM, 9/17/00, p.94)

1994        Nov 30, In Nepal Man Mohan Adhikari (1920-1999) succeeded Girija Prasad Koirala as prime minister. He represented the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and was the first democratically-elected Communist Party member to be PM in Nepal.   

1994        The United People's Front boycotted the elections after a confrontation with the ruling Nepali Congress Party.
    (SFC, 5/13/99, p.C2)

1995        Nov 10, Searchers in Kathmandu, Nepal, rescued 549 hikers after a massive avalanche struck the Himalayan foothills, killing 24 tourists and 32 Nepalese.
    (AP, 11/10/00)

1995        A center-right government came to power.
    (WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A1)

1996        Feb, A Maoist insurgency began central and midwestern in Nepal. The Communist Party of Nepal launched its "people's war" to surround cities and seize power. Kathmandu communists Baburam Battarai and Pushpa Kamal Dahal preached their Maoist proposal initially among the majority Magars, an ethnic group of sheepherders and marijuana growers.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A12)(SSFC, 6/9/01, p.D3)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.C6)
1996        Feb, Archeologists in Nepal believed that they had discovered the birth place of Siddartha, who in the 6th century BC became the monk Buddha.
    (WSJ, 2/6/96, p.A-11)

1996        May 10, A blizzard suddenly erupted on Mt. Everest and led to the death of 8 climbers descending from 29,028 foot summit. Jon Krakauer, journalist, was on the expedition and in 1997 published "Into Thin Air," an account of the ordeal. The climbers were part of an IMAX film expedition.
    (SFC, 5/15/96, A-10)(WSJ, 5/30/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 6/4/01, p.A20)

1996        Aug, The Communists called a general strike against the center-right government.
    (WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A1)

1996        Durga Pokhrel, ex-patriot Nepalese journalist, authored ďShadow Over Shangri-La: A Womanís Quest for Freedom."
    (SSFC, 11/12/06, p.M3)

1997        Mar 6, The 17-month coalition of Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba was defeated and Deuba resigned. King Birendra asked Deuba's centrist Nepali Congress Party to continue until the formation of a new council of ministers.
    (SFC, 3/7/96, p.A17)

1997        Mar 10, King Birendra named Lokendra Bahadur Chand as prime minister and gave him 30 days to form a majority in the 205-seat House of Representatives. The Communists held 90 seats and backed Chand to form a coalition.
    (SFC, 3/11/97, p.A11)

1997        Apr-Nov, An outbreak of Japanese encephalitis has claimed at least one hundred lives over this period. The flu-like disease is an inflammation of the brain and is spread by mosquitoes.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.T14)

1997        Jun 11, Prakash Chandra Lohani, the foreign minister, resigned and accused the ruling coalition of Communists of cheating in last month's elections.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)

1997        Nov 8, It was reported that a man-eating tiger that killed 100 people was finally tracked down and killed in the Baitadi district.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A16)

1998        Apr 15, In Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala began his 2nd term as prime minister. He succeeded Krishna Prasad Bhattarai.   

1999        May 2, In Nepal insurgents killed 2 police officers the day before parliamentary elections that they asked voters to boycott. The rebels demanded land reforms and an end to the monarchy. Election related violence left at least 10 people dead.
    (WSJ, 5/3/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A1)

1999        May 3, In Nepal elections for the parliament began.
    (WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A1)

1999        May 10, Voting began in a 2-stage election process and 4 people were killed in violence. Nepalese insurgents were led by Pushpa Kamal Dahal, aka Comrade Prachnanda or the Furious One.
    (SFC, 5/13/99, p.C2)

1999        Dec 24, In Nepal 5 Sikh men hijacked an Indian Airlines A-300 Airbus, Flight 814, with 189 people onboard. After 3 stops for refueling it landed in Kandahar, Afghanistan, where it was surrounded by Taliban militia. 26 passengers were released in Dubai. They called for the release of Maulana Massood Azhar, a Pakistani religious leader and other Kashmiri militants. They later raised their demands to $200 million, the release of 35 jailed guerrillas and the exhumation of a dead comrade buried in India. [see Dec 29]
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/29/99, p.A1)

2000        Feb 22, In Nepal police killed 19 Maoist rebels in the midwestern mountains. The police operation followed days after guerrillas killed 15 policemen and injured another 16 in the bombing of a police station.
    (SFC, 2/24/00, p.A14)

2000        Mar 22, In Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala began his 3rd term as prime minister. He succeeded Krishna Prasad Bhattarai.   

2000        Mar 27, A general strike turned violent in Kathmandu.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.T15)

2000        Apr 6, Maoists called for an "armed strike" in Kathmandu.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.T15)

2000        Jul 17, Nepalís King Birendra abolished debt-bondage slavery following efforts by Kevin Bales, an American anti-slavery activist. Soon some 40,000 families in 5 districts suddenly found themselves emancipated and evicted by slaveholders. They moved into refugee camps and by 2007 a third still lived in the camps. In 2007 Bales authored ďEnding Slavery: How We Free Todayís Slaves."
    (SSFC, 9/30/07, p.M1)

2000        Sep 15, The government reported that the Maoist insurgency had killed over 1,400 people the last 4 years. 209 police personnel, 979 rebels and 249 civilians were killed.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A12)

2000        Sep 25, Maoist rebels killed 12 police officers in Dunai with crude bombs and guns.
    (SFC, 9/26/00, p.A14)

2000        Dec 26, In Kathmandu rioting began and 4 people were killed following a rumor that Hrithnik Roshan, an Indian film star, allegedly spoke of his hate for Nepal and its people. Roshan denied making such comments.
    (SFC, 12/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Pushka Gautam, Maoist commander in Nepal, defected and established himself as a Kathmandu-based writer.
    (Econ, 12/4/04, p.41)

2001        cMar 27, A huge avalanche killed 3 members of an Australian army expedition, including an 8-year-old girl, near Dhunche.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)

2001        Apr 2, A Maoist insurgency killed at least 38 people.
    (SFC, 4/3/01, p.A9)

2001        Apr 8, Maoist rebels killed 28 policemen over the weekend. The government said it was ready to begin talks, but the top opposition party wanted the premier to quit.
    (WSJ, 4/9/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 10, In Singapore doctors completed a 4-day operation to separate 11-month-old Siamese twins, Jamuna and Ganga Shrestha of Nepal.  The girls had joined heads.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C3)

2001        Apr 29, Babu Chhiri (35), Sherpa guide and mountain climber, died from a fall into a crevasse on Mt. Everest.   
    (SFC, 5/1/01, p.B2)

2001        May 22, Temba Tsheri (15) became the youngest person to scale Mt. Everest.
    (SFC, 5/25/01, p.A16)

2001        May 22, An Australian climber fell to his death just 155 feet from the summit of Mt. Everest.
    (SFC, 5/25/01, p.A16)

2001        May 24, Erik Weihenmayer (32) of Golden, Colorado, became the 1st blind person to reach the top of Mt. Everest. Sherman Bull of New Canaan, Conn., became the oldest person to reach the peak. 94 climbers reached the summit over 4 days.
    (SFC, 5/26/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A14)

2001        May 27, A 3-day strike was called by the opposition parties who demanded that Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala resign for his role in a bribery case involving the lease of a commercial jet for state-run Royal Nepal Airlines.
    (SFC, 5/28/01, p.B12)

2001        Jun 1, Crown Prince Dipendra (29) killed at least 8 members of the royal family before shooting himself. King Birendra, Queen Aiswarya, Princess Shruti, Prince Nirajan, 3 of the King's sisters and a brother-in-law were all shot to death. Dipendra was put on life support and Prince Gyanendra (54), the king's younger brother, was appointed as assistant to the crown. There was an apparent dispute over his upcoming marriage.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A14)

2001        Jun 4, King Dipendra died 3 days after allegedly shooting the royal family and himself. Prince Gyanendra was named king.
    (SFC, 6/4/01, p.A8)

2001        Jun 14, A panel of inquiry reported that Prince Dipendra was tipsy from whiskey and high on hashish when he killed his family members Jun 1.
    (SFC, 6/15/01, p.A18)

2001        Jul 19, PM Girija Prasad Koirala resigned over pressures from a bribery scandal in his government.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.D3)

2001        Jul 22, Sher Bahadur Deuba was chosen as prime minister.
    (SFC, 7/23/01, p.A9)

2001        Jul 23, The new government declared a unilateral ceasefire and called on Maoist rebels to talk peace. In a recent skirmish guerrillas killed at least 17 police officers in Pandusen.
    (WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 7/31/01, p.A10)

2001        Aug 16, The government outlawed discrimination against members of the lowest caste, the Dalits, who would be free to enter any temple or religious structure.
    (SFC, 8/17/01, p.A12)

2001        Sep 9, In Damak, Nepal, a Bhutanese leader, R.K. Budhathoki, was attacked and killed with khukris, the traditional Nepalese curved knives.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B2)

2001        Nov 21, Nepal's Maoist rebel leader Prachanda (b.1954), the name means fierce, announced a withdrawal from a 4-month cease-fire agreement. Attacks on police stations and government installations quickly followed.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A12)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prachanda)

2001        Nov 23, Maoist rebels killed 14 soldiers and at least 23 police in a wave of attacks. Authorities believed that some 80 rebels were killed in the gunbattles.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)

2001        Nov 25, In Solukhumbu 28 people were killed during Maoist rebel attacks.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A6)

2001        Nov 26, Nepal went into a state of emergency as the death toll from recent Maoist rebels attacks mounted to 76.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 6, The anti-rebel campaign was reported to have left 250 dead since rebel attacks began Nov 23.
    (WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 31, Tourism for the year plunged 21%.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A1)

2001        Jamling Tenzing Norgay authored "Touching My Father's Soul" with Broughton Coburn.
    (WSJ, 6/4/01, p.A20)

2001        Bhutan and Nepalese authorities agreed on a joint screening system to determine on which refugees would be allowed to go back to Bhutan. Over 100,000 people were in refugee camps in Nepal.
    (Econ, 10/25/03, p.39)

2002        Feb 17, In Nepal Communist rebels killed 129 police, soldiers and civilians in Mangalsen and Sanphebaga.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A3)

2002        Feb 18, Legislators called for the government to resign.
    (SFC, 2/19/02, p.A7)

2002        Feb 20, Security forces killed 12 Maoist guerrillas in fighting at Kalikot and other locations.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A13)

2002        Feb 21, The army killed 48 guerrillas and the parliament extended the state of emergency by 3 months.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A14)

2002        Feb 22, In Nepal rebels attacked a police post and killed at least 32 officers. They killed 5 bus passengers in a separate attack. The army said 10 rebels were killed in other fighting. Rebels called a 2-day nationwide general strike.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A12)(SSFC, 2/24/02, p.A20)

2002        Feb 27, Nepalese soldiers killed 27 rebels over the last 2 days as part of a military offensive.
    (SFC, 2/28/02, p.A9)

2002        Apr 12, Rebel attacks killed 160 people. 60 police officers were killed defending the house of Interior Security Minister Khum Bahadur Khadka. 27 officers who surrendered were beheaded and 2 were burned alive.
    (SSFC, 4/14/02, p.A14)

2002        Apr 23-28, Maoist rebels called for a national strike.
    (SSFC, 5/12/02, p.C8)

2002        May 2, PM Sher Bahadur Deuba rejected a reported offer by rebel leader Prachand to hold peace talks.
    (SFC, 5/4/02, p.A9)

2002        May 3, In western Nepal security forces killed at least 90 Maoist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 5/4/02, p.A9)

2002        May 4, Security forces increased the number of rebels killed to 350.
    (SSFC, 5/5/02, p.A16)

2002        May 6, The government reported that army air strikes had killed an additional 200 rebels in the remote districts of Rolpa and Pyuthan.
    (SFC, 5/7/02, p.A11)

2002        May 8, Fighting continued in western Nepal. Guerrillas regained control of Gam. The army reported 518 people killed, including 410 rebels, since May 2. Rebels offered a one-month cease-fire. The government rejected the offer.
    (SFC, 5/8/02, p.A9)(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/13/02, p.A1)

2002        May 16, A record 54 climbers reached the top of Mount Everest.
    (WSJ, 5/17/02, p.A1)

2002        May 22, King Gyanendra dissolved parliament and ordered elections due to rifts over a proposed extension of emergency rule.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A12)

2002        Jun 12, In Nepal some 300 Maoist rebels attacked an army camp in western Salyan district and killed at least 5 soldiers.
    (SFC, 6/14/02, p.A16)

2002        Jun 23, A wild elephant killed 10 people on the India-Nepal border.
    (SFC, 6/25/02, p.A8)

2002        Jul 23, In Nepal floods and landslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains killed at least 11 people over the last 2 days, bringing to 67 the number of deaths caused by bad weather over the past two weeks.
    (Reuters, 7/23/02)

2002        Jul 25, Torrential monsoon rains and overflowing rivers worsened flooding in eastern India, Nepal and Bangladesh and officials said 218 people have died and more than six million people have been left homeless during the last 5days.
    (Reuters, 7/25/02)

2002        Jul 28, Torrential overnight rains set off more floods in eastern India as the death toll from floods in India, Nepal and Bangladesh passed 300.
    (Reuters, 7/28/02)

2002        Aug 13, Deaths from flooding in Bangladesh (157), India (265) and Nepal (422) and reached at least 874.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A15)

2002        Aug 20, In Nepal army soldiers reportedly killed at least 30 Maoist rebels at a remote training camp.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A10)

2002        Aug 21, In east Nepal a massive landslide triggered by monsoon rains wiped out a village, killing at least 60 people.
    (AP, 8/21/02)

2002        Aug 22, In Nepal a small plane carrying 18 people, including tourists from Germany, the United States and Britain, crashed into a mountain in bad weather, killing all aboard.
    (Reuters, 8/22/02)(AP, 8/22/03)

2002        Aug 28, Nepal's government announced that it was lifting a state of emergency imposed in Nov, 2001.
    (SFC, 8/29/02, p.A12)

2002        Sep 7, In Nepal over one thousand Maoist rebels, fighting to topple Nepal's constitutional monarchy, attacked a police post in the east of the country and killed 49 police officers.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)

2002        Sep 9, In Nepal Maoist rebels launched an overnight attack on a remote Nepali town targeting several government offices. At least 57 soldiers and police were killed and a counterattack was launched.
    (Reuters, 9/9/02)(SFC, 9/10/02, p.A11)

2002        Sep 13, In Nepal 9 police officers were killed when their jeep drove over a land mine. The 6-year Maoist insurgency has left nearly 5,000 people dead.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 22, In Nepal Maoist rebels fighting the constitutional monarchy have called for a three-day countrywide strike aimed at disrupting general elections slated to begin on November 13. The army killed 76 rebels over the last 2 days.
    (Reuters, 9/22/02)(SFC, 9/23/02, p.A8)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A13)

2002        Sep 23, Nepali troops fought a fierce battle with Maoist rebels and killed 24 guerrillas. The death toll from the fighting took the number of insurgents killed in the last five days to 143.
    (Reuters, 9/25/02)

2002        Oct 4, In Nepal King Gyanendra stunned the country when he announced he was firing Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, postponing November elections and assuming direct power for the first time since absolute rule by the monarchy was abolished in 1990.
    (Reuters, 10/5/02)

2002        Nov 11, Nepal security forces killed at least 10 rebels as guerrillas called for a 30day strike.
    (WSJ, 11/12/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 14, In Nepal thousands of Maoist rebels stormed two remote towns, fighting pitched battles with security forces in which at least 118 people were killed.
    (Reuters, 11/15/02)

2002        Dec 8, In Nepal 5 people were killed and more than 30 were injured when Maoist rebels blew up a bus in east Nepal.
    (Reuters, 12/8/02)

2002        Dec 15, Troops in Nepal shot dead 11 Maoist rebels during gunbattles across the troubled Himalayan nation over the past 24 hours, while guerrillas killed a soldier in the west of the country.
    (Reuters, 12/15/02)

2003        Jan 12, The death toll from a month-long cold spell rose to 986 people in northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
    (AP, 1/13/03)

2003        Jan 25, In Nepal suspected Maoist rebels gunned down police chief Krishna Mohan Shrestha along with his wife and bodyguard.
    (SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A14)

2003        Mar 13, Nepal and Maoist rebels agreed to release all prisoners of war and set guidelines for peace.
    (WSJ, 3/14/03, p.A1)

2003        Jun 4, In Nepal King Gyanendra appointed a pro-monarchist Wednesday as Nepal's new PM. Surya Bahadur Thapa replaces Lokendra Bahadur Chand, who resigned last week.
    (AP, 6/4/03)

2003        Jul 21, Monsoon rains were reported to have killed at least 579 people in South Asia. India reported a total of 263 deaths, Bangladesh 169, Pakistan 78, and Nepal 69.
    (AP, 7/21/03)

2003        Jul 31, In Nepal monsoon rains triggered landslides, killing at least 48 villagers over the last 2 days, burying houses and blocking a key highway.
    (AP, 7/31/03)

2003        Aug 15, A landslide swept through an army base in northern Nepal killing at least 15 soldiers, and search teams scoured the debris for more bodies.
    (AP, 8/16/03)

2003        Aug 17, Nepalís government forces detained and then shot dead 21 suspected Maoists in the village of Doramba. In 2005 the major responsible was cashiered and sentenced to 2 years in prison.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.23)(http://hrw.org/reports/2005/nepal0205/2.htm)

2003        Aug 27, Nepal's rebels announced that they were ending a seven-month cease-fire and withdrawing from peace talks with the government aimed at closing seven years of insurgency.
    (AP, 8/27/03)

2003        Sep 18, Nepal was shut down in a 3-day strike imposed by Maoist rebels.
    (WSJ, 9/19/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 11, In Nepal at least 3 policemen and 35 Maoist rebels were killed in an overnight battle as the rebels resumed attacks on government forces after a 9-day cease-fire.
    (AP, 10/11/03)

2003        Oct 13, In western Nepal Communist rebels attacked a police training camp overnight, sparking a gunbattle that left at least 12 policemen and 15 guerrillas dead.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 13, In Nepal soldiers stormed a high school that had been taken over by rebels in a mountain village, starting a gunbattle that left at least 11 insurgents and four students dead.
    (AP, 10/14/03)

2003        Oct 28, In central Nepal rebels attacked a police station, killing at least 8 people.
    (AP, 10/28/03)

2003        Nov 15, In Nepal a roadside bomb believed planted by rebels killed a brigadier general and three soldiers.
    (AP, 11/15/03)

2003        Dec 14, In Nepal Fighting between suspected rebels and security forces intensified over the weekend, killing at least 70 people in separate attacks across the Himalayan kingdom.
    (AP, 12/14/03)

2004        Feb 2, In Nepal some 15,000 people marched in downtown Kathmandu demanding democratic reforms. Police broke up the rally with tear gas, water cannons and bamboo batons, injuring at least 12 people.
    (AP, 2/2/04)

2004        Feb 22, In Nepal a land mine exploded beneath a bus carrying Nepalese soldiers, killing three people and injuring 15 others.
    (AP, 2/22/04)

2004        Mar 3, In eastern Nepal leftist rebels attacked a telecommunications tower in mountains, killing at least 29 soldiers and leaving 10 others missing.
    (AP, 3/3/04)

2004        Mar 5, In Nepal some 10,000 demonstrators marched through the streets of the capital, the latest protest against the king for dismissing an elected government and replacing it with one loyal to the monarchy.
    (AP, 3/5/04)

2004        Mar 20, Nepalese government forces killed as many as 500 rebels, and at least 18 police and soldiers died in some of the fiercest fighting since a cease-fire collapsed last year.
    (AP, 3/21/04)

2004        Apr 4, Maoist rebels in southern Nepal killed at least 9 police officers.
    (SFC, 4/5/04, p.A2)

2004        Apr 9, In Nepal police detained more than a thousand protesters for defying a ban on public rallies, as an estimated 25,000 demonstrators flooded the streets of the Kathmandu to demand that the king restore democracy.
    (AP, 4/9/04)

2004        Apr 30, A bus skidded off a mountain highway in central Nepal, killing at least 29 people.
    (AP, 5/1/04)

2004        May 7, Nepal's prime minister Surya Bahadur Thapa quit after weeks of protests demanding the return of democracy in the Himalayan kingdom wracked by political instability and a Maoist insurgency.
    (AP, 5/7/04)

2004        Jun 2, In Nepal King Gyanendra named Sher Bahadur Deuba, a former prime minister fired two years ago for alleged incompetence, as prime minister again amid political turmoil.
    (AP, 6/2/04)

2004        Jun 14, Police in Nepal said a land mine planted by suspected rebels blew up two police trucks in western Nepal, killing at least 22 officers.
    (AP, 6/14/04)

2004        Jun 16, In Nepal a passenger bus veered off a mountainous highway west of the capital, killing at least 12 passengers and leaving many more injured.
    (AP, 6/16/04)

2004        Jun 18, In Nepal rebels ambushed a police truck with a bomb and gunfire, also hitting a nearby passenger bus in an attack that killed 14 policemen and 4 civilians, including at least one child.
    (AP, 6/19/04)

2004        Jul 12, Monsoon floods continued to wreak havoc across South Asia, killing 37 more people and forcing millions to flee their homes or seek emergency shelter. Flooding has killed 36 people in Bangladesh this year. A total of 47 people have died in Nepal since June. In India a total of 158 people have died in flooding since the beginning of June.
    (AP, 7/12/04)

2004        Jul 13, At least 13 people -- eight Maoist guerrillas, two security men and three civilians -- were killed in revolt-racked Nepal during the last 24-hour period.
    (AP, 7/13/04)

2004        Jul 15, In western Nepal 11 suspected Maoist rebels including two local leaders were killed in armed clashes with security forces.
    (AFP, 7/15/04)

2004        Jul 18, In Nepal Maoist guerrillas abducted at least 50 students and a dozen teachers from a school near the capital to try to force them to back a campaign against the constitutional monarchy.
    (AP, 7/19/04)

2004        Jul 20, In Nepal Communist rebels freed about 50 students and a dozen teachers.
    (AP, 7/20/04)

2004        Aug 8, The death toll from monsoons in South Asia reached 1,972. At least 1,152 have died in India, 691 in Bangladesh, 124 in Nepal and 5 in Pakistan.
    (AP, 8/8/04)(SSFC, 8/8/04, p.A3)

2004        Aug 12, A Nepali court sentenced notorious criminal Charles Sobhraj, also known as the "Serpent" and the "Bikini Killer", to life imprisonment in connection with the killing of an American backpacker in 1975.
    (AP, 8/12/04)

2004        Aug 18, Communist rebels isolated Nepal's capital from the rest of the country, stopping all road traffic near Kathmandu by threatening to attack vehicles. The campaign, announced last week, was aimed at pressuring the government to free jailed guerrillas.
    (AP, 8/18/04)

2004        Aug 24, Nepalese rebels lifted a weeklong blockade that cut off Kathmandu from the rest of the nation.
    (WSJ, 8/25/04, p.A1)

2004        Aug 31, A video purporting to show the methodical, grisly killings of 12 Nepalese construction workers kidnapped in Iraq was posted on a Web site linked to a militant group operating in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/31/04)

2004        Sep 1, Nepal's government imposed an indefinite curfew and appealed for calm after thousands of demonstrators ransacked a mosque and clashed with police in the capital to protest the slaying of 12 Nepalese hostages by Iraqi militants.
    (AP, 9/1/04)

2004        Sep 7, A Nepali labor union with links to Maoist rebels asked 35 firms across the embattled Himalayan kingdom to shut shop in a move aimed at bolstering the guerrilla campaign to overthrow the monarchy.
    (Reuters, 9/7/04)

2004        Sep 10, Nepali PM Sher Bahadur Deuba vowed to crush a deadly Maoist revolt as giant neighbor India promised more military help to fight the leftist guerrillas.
    (AP, 9/10/04)

2004        Nov 6, In western Nepal 9 Maoist rebels, five of them women, and a policeman were killed in a series of clashes and an accidental explosion.
    (AP, 11/7/04)

2004        Nov 20, In western Nepal at least 26 rebel and government soldiers were killed during a clash at a rebel training camp at Pandon.
    (SFC, 11/22/04, p.A3)

2004        Nov 21, At least 66 Maoist rebels and 10 government troopers were killed in an overnight clash in Nepal's far-western Pandon village.
    (AP, 11/21/04)

2004        Dec 15, In western Nepal fighting killed at least 20 soldiers and six guerrillas.
    (AP, 12/15/04)

2004        Dec 18, Maoist rebels attacked a police post near Nepal's capital with crude bombs and automatic weapons, killing five policemen.
    (AP, 12/18/04)

2004        Dec 19, Suspected communist rebels ambushed an army patrol near the Nepalese capital, killing at least 9 soldiers. 3 rebels were killed in subsequent fighting.
    (AP, 12/19/04)

2004        Dec 23, Nepali soldiers killed 22 Maoist rebels in a fierce gun battle in the west of the country.
    (AP, 12/23/04)

2004        Nepalís government banned all diesel-run 2-stroke three wheelers in the Kathmandu Valley due to the smog.

2005        Jan 5, In western Nepal soldiers backed by helicopters raided a communist rebel hideout, killing at least 30 guerrillas and foiling a planned attack on an army base.
    (AP, 1/5/05)

2005        Jan 9, At least five Maoist rebels fighting to overthrow Nepal's constitutional monarchy were killed, three days before a deadline for the guerrillas to begin peace talks.
    (AP, 1/10/05)

2005        Jan 13, Nepal's PM Sher Bahadur Deuba said he would call elections and intensify a crackdown against Maoist rebels after they turned down his offer of peace talks.
    (AP, 1/13/05)

2005        Jan 22, Nepali troops killed at least nine Maoist guerrillas including four women in weekend gunbattles in the west of the revolt-torn Himalayan kingdom.
    (Reuters, 1/23/05)

2005        Feb 1, Nepal's King Gyanendra dismissed government of PM Sher Bahadur Deuba and imposed a state of emergency, cutting off his Himalayan nation from the rest of the world as telephone and Internet lines were severed, flights diverted and civil liberties severely curtailed.
    (AP, 2/1/05)(AFP, 2/13/06)

2005        Feb 2, Nepalís King Gyanendra announced a 10-member Cabinet dominated by his own supporters, one day after he dismissed the government.
    (AP, 2/2/05)

2005        Feb 4, In Nepal dozens of paramilitary police raided an underground political meeting and rounded up a group of party officials, days after the king seized power and banned public gatherings.
    (AP, 2/4/05)

2005        Feb 10, Police in Nepal's capital arrested 12 rights activists and quashed a rally to protest the king's emergency rule, while rebels in the southwest killed five policemen and freed comrades from a jail during a raid on a town.
    (AP, 2/10/05)

2005        Feb 15, In eastern Nepal an overnight clash between government troops and communist rebels left at least 12 rebels and 3 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 2/15/05)

2005        Feb 17, Nepal's King Gyanendra set up a controversial anti-corruption body using emergency provisions of the constitution.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2005        Feb 18, The royal government plunged Nepal into a communications blackout, the country's annual celebration of democracy, cutting phone service to thwart opposition activists trying to organize nationwide protests.
    (AP, 2/18/05)

2005        Feb 26, Nepal's rebel chief said he was lifting a crippling countrywide blockade of roads by his fighters to ease the discomfort of common people.
    (AP, 2/26/05)

2005        Feb 27, At least 15 people died in a fresh burst of violence in southern Nepal, after communist rebels lifted a two-week highway blockade.
    (Reuters, 2/27/05)

2005        Feb 28, In Nepal at least 50 Maoist rebels and 4 soldiers were killed in a gunbattle in the western Bardiya district.
    (AP, 3/1/05)

2005        Mar 4, Nepal government forces killed at least 30 Maoist rebels in the western district of Arghakhanchi.
    (AP, 3/7/05)

2005        Mar 8, Nepali police arrested nearly two dozen activists, including former ministers, as they rallied in the Himalayan kingdom's capital on in one of the biggest protests since King Gyanendra seized power last month.
    (AP, 3/8/05)

2005        Mar 11, Nepal freed sacked PM Sher Bahadur Deuba from house arrest, amid mounting international pressure on the country's king to relinquish power and restore democracy.
    (Reuters, 3/11/05)

2005        Mar 30, Nepalese Finance Minister Madhukar Shumsher Rana and Pakistan's Minister of State for Economic Affairs Hina Rabbani Khar concluded two days of talks by signing an agreement to boost trade and investment. Pakistan offered Nepal five million dollars in trade credits and talks on a free trade agreement after the first meeting of senior economic officials of the two countries in a decade.
    (AFP, 3/30/05)

2005        Apr 1, Nepal's royal government freed a popular former prime minister and 258 other detainees, the biggest prisoner release since King Gyanendra seized full power 2 months ago.
    (AP, 4/1/05)

2005        Apr 8, Nepalese soldiers repelled a major rebel assault overnight on one of their bases in the country's mountainous northwest, killing at least 50 communist guerrillas during a battle that lasted more than 12 hours. Soldiers soon recovered more bodies of Maoists killed in the raid, taking the toll of rebels to 113 in the deadliest clash in the country in five months.
    (AP, 4/8/05)(AFP, 4/10/05)

2005        Apr 9, In Nepal 2 Russian tourists were injured, two Nepali citizens were killed and 13 others wounded in separate bombings by Maoist rebels.
    (Reuters, 4/9/05)

2005        Apr 10, Nepal agreed to immediately allow UN monitors into the country to help prevent human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 10, It was estimated that Maoist guerrillas controlled two-thirds of Nepal.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.C6)

2005        Apr 13, In Nepal businesses reopened and traffic resumed on major highways after an 11-day general strike called by communist rebels that crippled life across the kingdom. The student wing of Maoist rebels demanded all private schools shut down indefinitely.
    (AP, 4/13/05)

2005        Apr 14, Nepalís King Gyanendra said he was ordering municipal polls to be held by mid-April 2006 in view of an "improving law and order situation" since he seized power. Opposition parties dismissed the king's pledge as a sham and have urged a boycott of the municipal polls.
    (AP, 4/15/05)

2005        Apr 15, Communist rebels in southern Nepal dragged at least 10 males from their homes, including a 14-year-old boy, and gunned them down for refusing to take up arms with the guerrilla movement.
    (AP, 4/17/05)

2005        Apr 19, Nepali soldiers killed 22 Maoist guerrillas as the royalist government brushed aside a rebel prediction of a victory in the nine-year civil war.
    (AP, 4/19/05)

2005        Apr 22, Indian Foreign Minister Natwar Singh met Nepal's King Gyanendra on the fringes of an international summit in Jakarta and pushed for a restoration of democracy.
    (AFP, 4/22/05)

2005        Apr 23, In western Nepal 5 children were killed and three others wounded when a crude bomb left by suspected Maoist rebels exploded.
    (Reuters, 4/24/05)

2005        Apr 30, Nepal's King Gyanendra lifted a state of emergency he imposed after seizing power in February.
    (AP, 4/30/05)

2005        May 1, In Nepal about ten thousand people marched through Kathmandu, demanding the restoration of democracy in the biggest show of opposition strength since King Gyanendra seized absolute power three months ago.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, Michael OíBrien (39) of Seattle, Wa., fell to his death on the Khumbu Icefall of Mount Everest.
    (SFC, 5/4/05, p.A3)

2005        May 6, In southwestern Nepal unidentified gunmen fatally shot Narayan Pokhrel, the chief of the World Hindu Council's Nepal chapter, while he was touring villages.
    (AP, 5/6/05)

2005        May 8, In Nepal seven mainstream opposition parties agreed to form a united front to push for a return to democracy following King Gyanendra's seizure of power. Nepal's Maoist rebels soon threw their support behind the decision.
    (AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 8, In Pakistan's northwestern tribal region a bomb ripped through a car, killing 2 tribesmen.
    (AP, 5/8/05)

2005        May 9, Nepali troops killed 26 Maoist rebels who attacked a military base at Bandipur. 3 policemen and one soldier were also killed.
    (AP, 5/10/05)

2005        May 14, In western Nepal government soldiers rescued about 600 students who were abducted from their classrooms in a series of bold strikes by communist rebels.
    (AP, 5/15/05)

2005        May 16, Nepalese troops resumed their search for hundreds of children taken hostage by Maoist insurgents in the mountains of western Nepal. In the latest fighting, 4 rebels, 3 army soldiers and a policeman were killed in Sandheni area, about 100 miles southeast of Kathmandu. Meanwhile, Nepal's anti-corruption agency charged former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and five others with embezzling $53 million.
    (AP, 5/16/05)

2005        May 27, In Nepal thousands of activists rallied to demand a restoration of democracy in the first such protest since the monarch seized power and ordered a crackdown on politicians.
    (AP, 5/27/05)

2005        May 29, In southwestern Nepal Maoist rebels shot dead a policewoman and her four-year-old son.
    (AP, 5/29/05)

2005        Jun 6, In southern Nepal at least 37 people were killed and dozens more wounded when a crowded bus detonated a land mine planted by suspected communist rebels.
    (AP, 6/6/05)

2005        Jun 8, Nepalese police arrested 53 journalists as they protested press restrictions.
    (AP, 6/8/05)

2005        Jun 13, In Nepal police arrested nearly 100 journalists during a protest to demand King Gyanendra immediately lift media restrictions imposed 4 months ago. At least 14 rebels and security force members were killed in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In India officials said at least 275 people have died from sunstroke and dehydration in northern India and neighboring Nepal and Bangladesh so far this summer, as high temperatures sweep the region ahead of the monsoon.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 14, Nepal freed all the journalists detained in a protest of media restrictions, bowing to international demands that the reporters be released at once.
    (AP, 6/14/05)

2005        Jun 22, South Asia endured one of its hottest summers on record and at least 375 people were reported to have died from sunstroke and dehydration in a month-long heat wave sweeping India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)

2005        Jun 29, A state dept. officials said the US has suspended a shipment of M-16 rifles to Nepal to protest at King Gyanendra's takeover in February.
    (AP, 6/29/05)

2005        Jul 15, Nepal's king appointed a dozen loyalists to ministerial jobs.
    (AP, 7/15/05)

2005        Jul 19, In Nepal police broke up a demonstration in the capital by hundreds of students protesting the king's seizure of absolute power.
    (AP, 7/19/05)

2005        Jul 24, In Nepal police used batons to break up a protest by supporters of the detained former prime minister, leaving about 15 demonstrators and 10 police injured.
    (AP, 7/24/05)

2005        Jul 25, Nepal's main political parties rejected an appeal by the country's Maoist rebels for talks to plan joint opposition to King Gyanendra's seizure of power, saying the guerrillas should stop killing civilians first.
    (Reuters, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 26, Nepal's former prime minister and a member of his Cabinet were convicted of embezzlement by the king's anti-corruption commission and sentenced to two years in prison.
    (AP, 7/27/05)

2005        Jul 30, Maoist guerrillas in eastern Nepal kidnapped seven civil servants.
    (AP, 7/30/05)

2005        Jul 31, Maoist rebels freed seven government officials they had seized in eastern Nepal, and all were safe and in good health.
    (AP, 7/31/05)

2005        Aug 7-2005 Aug 8, In Nepal communist insurgents overran about 200 troops 340 miles northwest of Kathmandu and killed at least 40 soldiers in fierce clashes between the military and Maoist rebels.
    (AP, 8/9/05)(AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 12, The Nepali army said faulty Indian assault rifles were partly responsible for its heavy death toll in a gun battle with Maoist rebels as troops hunted for 75 soldiers still missing after the fighting.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 22, In southern Nepal a land mine planted by suspected communist rebels killed at least four police officers and injured three others.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

2005        Aug 23, Officials said Nepal's main political parties will hold talks with Maoists on forming a broad front against King Gyanendra provided the rebels keep to their promise to stop killing civilians.
    (AP, 8/23/05)

2005        Aug 30, The UN said it was alarmed by the rising number of disappearances in Nepal's civil war and blamed both government troops and Maoist rebels. The state National Human Rights Commission said since 1996 almost 1,000 people had disappeared in the conflict. The 2005 UN report said no less than 136 people had disappeared in 2004.
    (AP, 8/30/05)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.45)

2005        Sep 2, Former Nepali PM Girija Prasad Koirala vowed to intensify anti-king protests, a day after he won a 3rd term as chief of Nepal's oldest political party, the Nepali Congress.
    (AP, 9/2/05)

2005        Sep 3, Communist rebels in Nepal said that they were unilaterally suspending attacks for the next three months.
    (AP, 9/3/05)

2005        Sep 4, In Nepal police fired tear gas and used bamboo batons to stop pro-democracy demonstrators from marching into the capital's center, arresting former PM Girija Prasad Koirala (80) and dozens of other protesters.
    (AP, 9/4/05)

2005        Sep 5, In Nepal more than a dozen demonstrators were hurt in violent clashes with police, the 3rd day of protests against King Gyanendra's seizure of power seven months ago. Authorities released more than 50 pro-democracy protesters detained over the weekend.
    (AP, 9/5/05)

2005        Sep 14, In Nepal police fired tear gas and beat protesters with batons as 7,000 people poured into the center of the Nepalese capital in continuing pro-democracy rallies.
    (AP, 9/14/05)

2005        Sep 16, In Nepal police arrested 87 journalists as they gathered in Kathmandu to protest media restrictions while thousands of pro-democracy activists demonstrated elsewhere in the city to demand an end to absolute royal rule. About 200 of those protesters were also arrested.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2005        Sep 20, Nepalese police arrested more than 400 people in protests against King Gyanendra's rule.
    (AFP, 9/20/05)

2005        Oct 20, The roof of a hospital in central Nepal collapsed, killing at least 10 people and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 10/20/05)

2005        Oct 24, An official said more than a dozen climbers from France and Nepal were swept away in an avalanche on a Himalayan mountain and believed killed. The mountaineers were reported missing last week after heavy snowfall hit the Himalayas.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Oct 28, A general strike shut down schools, businesses and transportation in Kathmandu in a protest of new laws restricting the media for criticizing Nepal's king.
    (AP, 10/28/05)

2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, Nepalís King Gyanendra, who sacked his elected government earlier this year, repeated a pledge to hold parliamentary elections in 2007 and urged his country's Maoist rebels to put down their arms.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a 2-day summit aimed to alleviate poverty and boost trade and cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Leaders called for greater cooperation within the region to deal with the aftermath of disasters like the Kashmir earthquake and last year's devastating tsunami.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)

2005        Nov 22, Nepal's communist rebels and seven main political parties said they have reached an agreement to bolster opposition to King Gyanendra.
    (AP, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 28, Nepal's Supreme Court ordered an end to a discriminatory practice that required women under age 35 to get written consent from her parents or husband to get a passport. The law had been previously enforced as a measure to fight the trafficking of women.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2005        Nov, Nepal promulgated an ordnance to restrict the autonomy of NGOs. Another ordnance banned news on FM radio and prohibited criticism of the royal family.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.46)

2005        Dec 2, In Nepal tens of thousands of people marched in Kathmandu to demand restoration of democracy.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        Dec 14, A Nepalese soldier in Nagarkot ended an argument with a group of villagers by spraying them with bullets, killing at least 11 people. 19 civilians were injured.
    (AP, 12/15/05)   

2005        Manjushree Thapa authored ďForget Kathmandu: An Elegy for Democracy," an examination of events in Nepal since 2001.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.80)
2005         Nepal outlawed the centuries-old Hindu practice of "chhaupadi," in which menstruating women and girls, seen as impure, are sent away to animal sheds or huts. The custom remained prevalent in Nepal's remote west where some communities feared misfortune, such as a natural disaster, unless menstruating women and girls are sent away to animal sheds or huts.
    (Reuters, 12/3/19)

2006        Jan 2, Communist rebels in Nepal announced they would end a four-month cease-fire, saying they had to take up arms to defend themselves against government attacks.
    (AP, 1/2/06)

2006        Jan 5, Suspected rebels killed 3 police and wounded 4 more in attacks across Nepal, while hundreds of protesters marched through Kathmandu, demanding restoration of democracy.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 14, In Nepal Maoist rebels assaulted two police stations on the outskirts Kathmandu, killing 12 and wounding six.
    (AP, 1/14/06)

2006        Jan 19, Nepal's royalist government detained nearly 80 activists and cut off mobile phone services to foil organizers of an anti-government rally.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 20, In west Nepal suspected communist rebels attacked a security checkpoint, killing at least four policemen and injuring four others.
    (AP, 1/20/06)

2006        Jan 21, In Nepal police fired tear gas to disperse activists protesting the Nepalese king's seizure of absolute power last year. At least 300 people were arrested and 50 were injured.
    (AP, 1/21/06)
2006        Jan 21, In southern Nepal Maoist rebels and government forces clashed in Phapar Badi village, killing 14 militants and six security forces.
    (AP, 1/22/06)

2006        Jan 22, In Nepal an electoral candidate in Janakpur was murdered.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.40)

2006        Jan 23, Nepal's royal government vowed to hold municipal elections next month despite a boycott by major parties, street protests, a candidate's assassination and rebel violence that killed 26 over the weekend.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Jan 24, In Kathmandu, Nepal, police fired tear gas and beat pro-democracy activists with batons, hours after authorities lifted a ban on demonstrations.
    (AP, 1/24/06)

2006        Jan 27-2006 Jan 28, In Nepal 11 Maoist rebels fighting to overthrow the monarchy and two soldiers were killed in a battle in the eastern part of the kingdom.
    (AP, 1/28/06)

2006        Feb 1, Nepal's king pledged to hold national elections within 15 months, the one-year anniversary of his power grab, and claimed success in fighting communist rebels, despite an overnight attack that killed at least 20 security forces.
    (AP, 2/1/06)

2006        Feb 2, In Nepal the homes of 3 mayoral candidates loyal to the king were bombed, a week before nationwide municipal elections that insurgents have called a sham and vowed to disrupt.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Feb 3, A pro-government candidate in Nepal's municipal election died after being shot by communist rebels, the 2nd person to be assassinated ahead of next week's polls.
    (AP, 2/4/06)

2006        Feb 5, A general strike called by communist rebels to disrupt elections in Nepal forced schools and markets to close, and highways and city streets remained deserted in much of this Himalayan nation.
    (AP, 2/5/06)

2006        Feb 7, In Nepal Communist rebels killed at least seven security forces and wounded 15 in two overnight attacks. Government troops were given orders to shoot anyone who tries to disrupt municipal elections.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 8, A rebel attack and an army shooting of protesters marred Nepal's first elections in seven years, as few voters turned out at schools, shrines and temples for municipal balloting seen as a referendum on the king. At least six people were killed.
    (AP, 2/8/06)

2006        Feb 9, In Nepal thousands of opposition protesters flooded the streets of Kathmandu, as early results showed pro-government candidates sweeping local elections that were marred by rebel attacks, the shooting of protesters and low turnout.
    (AP, 2/9/06)

2006        Feb 10, In western Nepal communist rebels clashed with soldiers, leaving seven people dead, as the royal government announced its mostly uncontested candidates swept discredited local elections.
    (AP, 2/10/06)

2006        Feb 13, In Nepal a controversial anti-corruption body set up by Nepal's King Gyanendra was dissolved, paving the way for the release of jailed ousted PM Sher Bahadur Deuba.
    (AFP, 2/13/06)

2006        Feb 15, In Nepal insurgents ambushed an army patrol near the village of Bibeke, about 150 miles west of Kathmandu, killing at least three soldiers and injuring two others.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

2006        Feb 17, Nepal's Supreme Court ordered the royalist government to release 37 political detainees who opposed the king's rule, while communist insurgents freed two abducted officials amid a major army offensive in the southwest.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2006        Feb 18, Nepal's communist insurgents called for an indefinite nationwide strike to begin Apr 3 as the country's major political parties prepared for a weekend protest amid growing anger at the king's autocratic rule.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2006        Feb 22, In Nepal police raided the house of Krishna Sitaula, a senior opposition leader instrumental in organizing anti-government protests, and arrested him two days after he was freed by the Supreme Court on similar charges.
    (AP, 2/22/06)

2006        Mar 1, Security forces in western Nepal found 29 bodies of soldiers and suspected rebels at the site of a fierce clash. Five insurgents were reported killed in an accidental explosion.
    (AP, 3/1/06)

2006        Mar 7, Hundreds of communist rebels attacked security bases overnight and bombed government buildings in eastern Nepal, sparking battles that left at least 13 people dead.
    (AP, 3/7/06)

2006        Mar 9, In southwestern Nepal communist rebels attacked a security checkpoint with bombs, killing at least three government security forces and wounding five.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2006        Mar 11, Nepalese officials said a 15-year-old boy, whose followers believe he is the reincarnation of Buddha, has disappeared after 10 months of meditation in the jungle.
    (AP, 3/12/06)

2006        Mar 13, Nepal's royal government offered amnesty, cash, jobs and land to communist rebels who surrender in the next three months.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Mar 18, A Maoist-dictated strike hobbled Nepal for a fifth day.
    (AFP, 3/18/06)

2006        Mar 20, In Nepal About 1,000 pro-democracy activists marched in Kathmandu demanding King Gyanendra free political detainees and give up powers he seized last year.
    (AP, 3/20/06)

2006        Mar 21, Nepalese soldiers hunted down communist rebels in the northern mountains as insurgents, some on motorbikes, attacked police stations. The day of violence left at least 33 people dead.
    (AP, 3/21/06)

2006        Mar 27, Nepalese army helicopters launched an attack on a gathering of communist rebels in the mountains of north-central Nepal, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Apr 3, The chief of Nepal's communist rebels promised to suspend attacks on the capital ahead of a planned nationwide strike, a first sign of easing tensions in a battle of nerves between the king's government and its opponents.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 5, In Nepal police detained dozens of opposition politicians and ordered a night curfew to thwart a planned general strike aiming to pressure King Gyanendra to restore democracy.
    (AP, 4/5/06)

2006        Apr 6, In Nepal police arrested 300 protesters in Kathmandu, chasing them down narrow lanes and beating them with batons on the first day of a general strike to demand the king restore democracy. Maoist rebels said they had shot down an army helicopter for the first time, during clashes in which police reported five of their officers and three guerrillas killed.
    (AP, 4/6/06)(AFP, 4/6/06)

2006        Apr 7, In Nepal police fired tear gas and fought frenzied street battles with protesters on the second day of a strike called by government adversaries of King Gyanendra. Protesters said 150 people were arrested.
    (AP, 4/7/06)

2006        Apr 8, In Nepal security forces fired on anti-monarch demonstrators in separate marches, killing one and wounding five.
    (AP, 4/8/06)

2006        Apr 9, In Nepal security forces fired at anti-monarchy demonstrators in eastern Nepal, killing at least one man.
    (AP, 4/9/06)

2006        Apr 10, In Nepal security forces fired tear gas and beat protesters with batons to break up democracy rallies as the political crisis deepened.
    (AP, 4/10/06)

2006        Apr 12, In southern Nepal police shot and killed an anti-government protester as authorities foiled pro-democracy activists' plans to hold a mass rally in the heart of Kathmandu and detained dozens of demonstrators.
    (AP, 4/12/06)

2006        Apr 13, In Nepal police fired rubber bullets and tear gas on hundreds of lawyers protesting in Kathmandu, the eighth day of pro-democracy demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/13/06)

2006        Apr 16, Nepal's sidelined political parties called for a massive pro-democracy protest in the capital on April 20 and urged citizens to stop paying taxes and utility bills to help bring down the royal government.
    (AP, 4/16/06)

2006        Apr 17, In Nepal security forces in a southern town shot into a crowd marching on the main highway to protest the royal dictatorship, killing one and wounding five. Nepal deployed the army to ensure that food reaches the capital and threatened to impose a new state of emergency, the 12th day of a strike in which neither the king nor opposition is backing down.
    (AP, 4/17/06)(AFP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 19, In southeastern Nepal security forces opened fire on thousands of pro-democracy protesters, killing at least 4 and wounding several others.
    (AFP, 4/19/06)

2006        Apr 20, Nepalese police opened fire on thousands of pro-democracy protesters marching toward the capital in defiance of a government-imposed curfew, killing at least three and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 4/20/06)

2006        Apr 21, Nepal's king vowed to return power to the people of this Himalayan kingdom after weeks of massive protests and increasing international pressure. King Gyanendra called on the seven main political parties to name a prime minister as soon as possible.
    (AP, 4/21/06)

2006        Apr 22, Nepali security opened fire on tens of thousands of protesters marching toward the royal palace in defiance of a curfew, as opposition leaders rejected the king's proposals for restoring democracy.
    (AP, 4/22/06)

2006        Apr 23, Nepali police fired rubber bullets at thousands of protesters, struggling to enforce a curfew imposed to keep persistent pro-democracy demonstrators off the streets in the Himalayan country's deepening crisis.
    (AP, 4/23/06)

2006        Apr 24, In northern Nepal communist rebels stormed army bases and government buildings in a bold assault. A night-long gunfight left six people dead. In the capital, security forces fired rubber bullets on crowds of pro-democracy protesters. King Gayendra appeared on national television shortly before midnight and read words that restored the parliament.
    (AP, 4/24/06)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.44)

2006        Apr 25, In Nepal tens of thousands of people celebrated in the streets and weeks of pro-democracy protests were called off after the king gave in to a key demand to reinstate parliament. Girija Prasad Koirala began his 4th term as prime minister. He succeeded Sher Bahadur Deuba.   
    (AP, 4/25/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)

2006        Apr 26, In southwestern Nepal soldiers killed six villagers after thousands of civilians tried to overrun an army camp. The killings were not believed to be connected to the political turmoil that has gripped Nepal for weeks.
    (AP, 4/26/06)

2006        Apr 27, Nepal's communist rebels pledged to halt attacks for three months to give the Himalayan country a chance for peace as a new government takes over in the wake of bloody protests that forced the king to reinstate parliament.
    (AP, 4/27/06)

2006        Apr 28, Nepal's Parliament reconvened for the first time in four years, and legislators proposed a cease-fire with the Himalayan country's Maoist rebels and elections for a constitutional assembly.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2006        Apr 29, Newly returned Nepalese legislators demanded that King Gyanendra be stripped of control over the 90,000-strong army, fearing he could use it to regain power after his recent concession to weeks of pro-democracy protests.
    (AP, 4/29/06)

2006        Apr 30, Nepal's Parliament called for a cease-fire with Maoist insurgents and elections for an assembly to rewrite the constitution, as the new PM Girija Prasad Koirala (84) urged the rebels to sit down for talks.
    (AP, 4/30/06)

2006        May 2, Nepal's new prime minister announced a seven-member Cabinet, designating a communist as his deputy and foreign minister.
    (AP, 5/2/06)

2006        May 3, Nepal's Cabinet declared a cease-fire with communist rebels and will no longer designate them as a terrorist group. Nepal's rebel chief ruled out disarming his forces and launched a scathing attack on the nation's new political leadership, according to the Maoists' website.
    (AP, 5/3/06)(AFP, 5/3/06)

2006        May 4, In Nepal Communist rebels agreed to a new round of peace talks with the government, raising hopes for an end to a decade-old insurgency that has killed 13,000 people.
    (AP, 5/4/06)

2006        May 9, In eastern Nepal a school van plunged into a canal, killing at least nine students and leaving several others missing.
    (AP, 5/9/06)

2006        May 11, In Nepal Matrika Yadhav and Suresh Ale Magar, 2 top rebel Maoist leaders, walked free from jail after the new government dropped murder charges against them, marking the administration's first major release of militants.
    (AFP, 5/11/06)

2006        May 13, Nepal's communist rebel chief put forth a peace plan that seeks the release of political prisoners, the dissolution of parliament and the constitution and the restructuring of the national army.
    (AP, 5/13/06)

2006        May 15, David Sharp (34), a British engineer, died  at about 1,000 feet into his descent from the summit of Mt. Everest. Dozens of people walked right past him, unwilling to risk their own ascents.
    (AP, 5/26/06)

2006        May 18, In Nepal lawmakers moved to reduce dramatically the powers of the king, calling for him to be stripped of his legal immunity, authority over the army and exemption from paying taxes. The proclamation also declared Nepal a secular state, ending its unique status as the world's last Hindu kingdom.
    (AP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 19, Nepal's new government declared a public holiday after parliament passed a proclamation stripping King Gyanendra of his powers and thousands of people staged a celebration rally.
    (AFP, 5/19/06)

2006        Jun 2, In Nepal tens of thousands of Maoist rebels and supporters thronged the heart of Kathmandu for their first mass meeting here to be addressed by senior leaders.
    (AFP, 6/2/06)

2006        Jun 9, India announced a 218-million-dollar economic package to help Nepal's new government rebuild the troubled Himalayan country.
    (AFP, 6/9/06)

2006        Jun 10, Nepal's Parliament stripped King Gyanendra of his veto power over the legislature, the latest measure to curtail his authority. Lawmakers also will no longer need to seek the approval of the king before signing a bill into law.
    (AP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 11, Amnesty International released a report saying China's sales of military vehicles and weapons to Sudan, Nepal and Myanmar have aggravated conflicts and abetted violence and repressive rule in those countries.
    (AP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 13, Nepal freed 190 jailed communist rebels after withdrawing terrorism cases against them as part of efforts to forge peace with the insurgents.
    (AP, 6/13/06)

2006        Jun 16, Nepalís rebel leader Prachanda met with top government officials and said the Maoist rebels will join an interim government to be formed shortly.
    (AP, 6/16/06)

2006        Jun 21, In Nepal a small plane carrying nine Nepalese crashed into a mountain as it was approaching an airstrip.
    (AP, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 22, Nepal's Maoist rebels said they are not prepared to disarm but are willing to put their army and their weapons under the supervision of the United Nations.
    (AP, 6/22/06)

2006        Jul 11, Nepal's Maoists revealed for the first time how many soldiers they have, 36,000, in published remarks.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 15, Heavy clashes between Iraqi soldiers and gunmen in downtown Baghdad left 11 people wounded. Provincial police in Ramadi confirmed that gunmen had killed a member of the Iraqi Islamic Party. Gunmen kidnapped the head of Iraq's Olympic committee and more than a dozen employees storming a sports conference in Baghdad. The kidnappers wore camouflage Iraqi police uniforms and security guards outside the meeting said they did not interfere because they thought the gunmen were legitimate law enforcement.
    (AP, 7/15/06)

2006        Jul 28, In Nepal Communist rebels and the government have extended a cease-fire for another three months to allow talks aimed at ending a decade-long conflict to continue.
    (AP, 7/28/06)

2006        Aug 5, A minister said Nepal plans to seize lands owned by King Gyanendra and other royal family members and distribute them to the poor as it moves toward treating the monarch like a "normal citizen."
    (AFP, 8/5/06)

2006        Aug 9, Maoist rebels and the Nepal government said they had settled a dispute over monitoring each other's fighters and weapons, a move which revives their peace process and power-sharing plans.
    (AFP, 8/9/06)

2006        Aug 19, Demonstrations erupted in Kathmandu, Nepal, after the government hiked fuel prices by as much as 25% in a bid to save state-owned Nepal Oil Corp (NOC) from bankruptcy.
    (AFP, 8/19/06)

2006        Aug 20, Nepalís government withdrew hikes in gasoline, diesel and cooking fuel prices after thousands of protesters clashed with police, blocked traffic and vandalized government vehicles.
    (AP, 8/20/06)

2006        Aug 26, In Nepal a landslide in a mountainous western village killed at least 10 people and injured three others.
    (AP, 8/26/06)

2006        Sep 22, Nepal's interim parliament passed a new law imposing tighter civilian control over the army which was once fiercely loyal to the nation's royal family.
    (AP, 9/22/06)

2006        Sep 23, In Nepal's mountainous east a helicopter with 24 people aboard went missing. Searchers found the wreckage on Sep 25. The 24 dead included 2 Americans, Nepalese Forestry Minister Gopal Rai, Finnish Embassy Charge d'Affaires Pauli Mustonen and Canadian Jennifer Headley, a coordinator for WWF, several Nepali journalists, government officials and four crew members, two Russians and two Nepalis.
    (AP, 9/23/06)(AP, 9/25/06)

2006        Sep, In Nepal a warrant was issued for the arrest of Sitaram Prasain, who was accused of stealing $4.3 million from his own bank. Members of the Young Communist League kidnapped Prasain in June, 2007, and handed him over to the police.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.51)

2006        Oct 8, Nepal's government and communist rebel leaders resumed peace talks after a four-month stall, trying to resolve a dispute over whether the guerrillas should disarm.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 28, In western Nepal an overcrowded bus plunged off a mountain road, leaving at least 42 people dead and 45 injured.
    (AP, 10/28/06)

2006        Nov 5, Nepal's rebel leader Prachanda said they have made significant progress in peace talks with the government and have informally agreed to lock up weapons under United Nations supervision.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2006        Nov 7, In Nepal peacemakers produced a deal supported by both Maoist rebels and the coalition government.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.49)

2006        Nov 8, Nepal's Maoists declared an end to a decade of armed struggle and renounced violence following a landmark peace deal with the Himalayan nation's ruling parties.
    (AFP, 11/8/06)

2006        Nov 21, Nepal's government and rebels signed a peace deal to end a decade-long insurgency, paving the way for the guerrillas to join the country's interim government.
    (AP, 11/21/06)

2006        In Nepal a second ďpeopleís movement" (Jana Andolan 2) toppled the dictatorship of King Gyanendra.
    (Econ, 5/8/10, p.46)
2006        Nepalís Supreme Court ruling outlawed the kamlari system, a form of indentured servitude. By 2012 some 1,000 Tharu girls remain indentured, most in remote villages or with powerful families in the capital.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)

2007        Jan 15, Nepalís Parliament was dissolved and replaced by an interim legislature including former communist rebels, a major step to co-opt the ex-guerrillas into mainstream Nepalese politics after they agreed to end their decade-long insurgency. 4-time prime minister Girija Prasad Koirala became acting head of state, succeeding King Gyanendra.
    (AP, 1/15/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)

2007        Jan 17, Nepal's former communist guerrillas began an orderly handover of weapons to UN monitors, putting in motion a landmark peace deal that calls for thousands of fighters to disarm and be confined to camps.
    (AP, 1/17/07)

2007        Feb 3, The Mahadhesi ethnic community in southeastern Nepal demanded that the region be turned into an autonomous state to end two weeks of unrest that has claimed at least 13 lives.
    (AFP, 2/3/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.43)

2007        Feb 4, In Nepal police opened fire on protesters in two towns, killing at least three people and wounding several more.
    (AP, 2/4/07)

2007        Feb 8, Nepal's government decided to replace the image of embattled King Gyanendra with an image of Everest, the world's highest mountain, on 10 rupee (13 cent) bills.
    (AFP, 2/9/07)

2007        Feb 24, In southern Nepal police arrested at least 14 people after violence broke out between Maoists and supporters of ethnic groups.
    (AP, 2/24/07)

2007        Feb 26, Nepalís Cabinet appointed Gopal Man Shrestha to head the three-member committee, which will have a month to investigate, locate, seize and nationalize King Gyanendra's property.
    (AP, 2/27/07)

2007        Feb 27, In southwestern Nepal at least two people were killed in a clash between former Maoist rebels and ethnic activists. A bus veered off a mountain highway and plunged into a river, killing at least 13 people and injuring another 25.
    (AP, 2/27/07)(AFP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 8, The British government bowed to pressure to improve conditions for Nepalese Gurkha soldiers who have served in the British armed forces for two centuries, granting them full pensions and other rights. Gurkhas began serving as part of the Indian army in British-run India in 1815. Since Indian independence in 1947, Gurkha pensions have been linked to those who served in the Indian army, not those in the British army.
    (AFP, 3/8/07)

2007        Mar 21, In southern Nepal a fierce gunbattle near Gaur between former communist rebels and ethnic rights activists, the Madhesi Peopleís Rights Forum (MPRF), left 29 dead, mostly Maoists, and 35 wounded.
    (AP, 3/22/07)(Econ, 3/31/07, p.51)

2007        Mar 23, Maoist demonstrators displayed the bodies of 25 slain activists in open trucks to protest their killings in Nepal's restive south. Thousands demonstrated on the streets of the capital Katmandu two days after a fierce battle between the former communist rebels and supporters of an ethnic rights organization left 28 dead and more than 30 wounded in the town of Gaur.
    (AP, 3/23/07)

2007        Mar 30, Nepal's seven ruling political parties and the country's former Maoist rebels agreed to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war.
    (AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Mar, In Nepal a team of international researchers, tipped by a local sheep herder, discovered caves in the Mustang area containing manuscripts and paintings of Buddha dating back at least to the 12th century.
    (AP, 5/4/07)
2007        Mar, Nepalís population numbered some 28 million people. Brahmins, a priestly caste, and Chhetris, a warrior caste, comprised Nepalís 2 highest Hindu castes. They made up about 28% of the population and have controlled the country since it was unified in the 18th century.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.39)

2007        Apr 1, Nepal's communist rebels joined an interim government as part of a landmark peace deal that ended their decade-long insurgency, pledging to ensure development in the Himalayan nation and hold credible elections.
    (AP, 4/1/07)

2007        Apr 16, Nepal's Maoists demanded that the country immediately scrap the monarchy and declare itself a republic amid probable delays in an election over the issue.
    (AFP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 17, A roadside bomb hit a United Nations vehicle in southern Afghanistan's main city, killing four Nepalese guards and an Afghan driver. An old artillery shell exploded outside a school compound in the western city of Herat, killing four children and wounding five others.
    (AP, 4/17/07)

2007        May 1, The leader of Nepal's Maoists threatened to push the nation back into turmoil by launching huge nationwide protests unless parliament immediately ousts the king and declares a republic.
    (AP, 5/1/07)

2007        May 22, The UN's top refugee official arrived in Nepal for a visit aimed at resolving the fate of around 100,000 refugees from Bhutan stuck in Nepal for 16 years.
    (AP, 5/22/07)

2007        May 30, In Nepal some 10,000 Bhutanese refugees demonstrated at the India-Nepal border, where a day earlier Indian troops had opened fire, killing one refugee.
    (AP, 5/30/07)

2007        Jun 4, Experts warned at a conference in Nepal's capital that Himalayan glaciers are retreating fast and could disappear within the next 50 years.
    (AFP, 6/4/07)

2007        Jul 6, In rural southern Nepal 9 children and two adults died when a tractor pulling a trailer carrying guests in a wedding procession skidded off a road and into a canal.
    (AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 7, Nepal's king celebrated his 60th birthday with a lavish ceremony at his palace that set off protests in the streets of Katmandu.
    (AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 13, In Nepal landslides in two mountainous districts killed at least 26 people and injured 17 more.
    (AP, 7/13/07)

2007        Aug 4, In Nepal the toll from monsoon-triggered flooding and landslides stood at 91, with most of the deaths in the Terai plains region on Nepal's southern border with India.
    (AP, 8/4/07)

2007        Aug 7, The toll from severe floods across South Asia soared to nearly 1,900 and although water levels in the region's swollen rivers started to recede, millions of people in Bangladesh, India and Nepal still faced hunger. About 40% of Bangladesh was under water.
    (AFP, 8/7/07)(Econ, 8/11/07, p.34)

2007        Aug 9, The death toll from the worst monsoon floods to hit South Asia in decades passed 2,000 even as torrents of muddy water receded from millions of acres of farmland and rains shifted west.
    (AFP, 8/9/07)

2007        Aug 20, A crowded bus veered off a mountainous road in western Nepal, killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Aug 31, In southern Nepal tainted liquor killed at least 15 people and sickened several others on the outskirts of Janakpur over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 9/1/07)

2007        Sep 2, In Nepal 3 bombs exploded almost simultaneously in and around Katmandu, killing at least two people and injuring 13 in the first attack on Katmandu since a communist insurgency ended last year.
    (AP, 9/2/07)

2007        Sep 15, Officials said nearly 13.5 million people have been marooned or displaced by floods in India and Bangladesh. The flooding in South Asia caused by the June-to-September monsoon has been described as the worst in decades, with more than 3,300 people killed. Landslides and floods in Nepal killed at least another 185 people since the start of monsoon.
    (AP, 9/15/07)

2007        Sep 17, Nepal's political leaders held emergency talks with former rebel Maoists to try to persuade the ultra-leftists not to storm out of the government and launch nationwide protests.
    (AFP, 9/17/07)

2007        Sep 18, Maoists stormed out of Nepal's government and vowed to disrupt upcoming elections after other parties refused to bow to the ex-rebels' demand for the monarchy to be immediately abolished.
    (AFP, 9/18/07)

2007        Sep 19, Nepal's Maoists kicked off a controversial campaign to oust the monarchy, a day after the ex-rebels stormed out of government in a blow to the Himalayan country's peace process.
    (AP, 9/19/07)

2007        Sep 26, The Nepali Congress party, the Maoists' main partner in last November's peace deal, endorsed a republican agenda, ending a traditional position of support for some kind of royal role in the impoverished Himalayan nation.
    (AFP, 9/27/07)

2007        Sep 30, A trade union affiliated with former communist rebels attacked Nepal's largest newspaper office, destroying property and forcing a halt to publication. The Kantipur Publication, which publishes the privately run Nepali language newspaper Kantipur and English edition The Kathmandu Post, was attacked by supporters of the All Nepal Printing and Publication Workers' Union.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 5, Nepal's ruling parties reluctantly agreed to Maoist demands to postpone upcoming elections, ending one political crisis in the Himalayan nation but still leaving the two sides deadlocked over other issues. 3 communist rebels shot and killed Birendra Shah a crusading journalist. The group's leadership later said they did not order the slaying and that the three men who took part have been kicked out of the Maoist political party.
    (AP, 10/5/07)(AP, 11/6/07)

2007        Dec 23, Nepal's major political parties agreed to abolish the world's last Hindu monarchy as part of a deal to bring former communist rebels back into the government.
    (AP, 12/24/07)

2007        Dec 25, In western Nepal a steel footbridge collapsed when its suspension cables snapped, sending scores of people into the river below. At least 15 people were confirmed dead and over 50 were missing and dozens injured.
    (AP, 12/25/07)(AP, 12/26/07)

2007        Dec 28, Nepal's parliament voted in favor of abolishing the centuries-old monarchy and turning this Himalayan nation into a republic.
    (AP, 12/28/07)

2007        Dec 30, Former communist rebels rejoined Nepal's government, ending a political crisis that began when the ex-guerrillas walked out of a ruling coalition three months ago.
    (AP, 12/30/07)

2007        Dec 31, In Nepal 4 former communist rebels were sworn in as Cabinet ministers, ending a political crisis that began when the ex-guerrillas walked out of a coalition government three-months ago.
    (AP, 12/31/07)

2008        Jan 23, Nepal's government reversed a fuel price hike after two days of nationwide protests and clashes in the capital.
    (AP, 1/23/08)

2008        Jan 30, In southern Nepal 34 people were wounded in a bomb attack at a political rally.
    (AFP, 1/30/08)

2008        Feb 7, Nepalese authorities arrested Amit Kumar, the alleged mastermind of a shadowy organ transplant operation in India that illegally removed hundreds of kidneys, sometimes from unwilling donors, at a jungle resort in southern Nepal.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 13, In Nepal a shortage of fuel prompted by strikes and protests in the south forced the shutdown of much of the capital's public transportation system.
    (AP, 2/13/08)

2008        Feb 28, The Madhesi in southern Nepal pledged to end violent protests and a paralyzing general strike after reaching an agreement with the government to establish autonomous regions in the Himalayan nation. 2 days after the Madhesi agreement the government signed another agreement with a 2nd alliance of ethnic and regional groups.
    (AP, 2/28/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.50)

2008        Mar 1, In Nepal some 1,300 makeshift bamboo huts were destroyed at the Goldhap refugee camp before the blaze was brought under control. The fire left estimated 10,000 refugees without shelter.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 3, A UN helicopter crashed while flying in bad weather in Nepal's mountainous east, killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 19, In southern Nepal masked gunmen shot and killed Kamal Prasad Adhikari, a candidate from a small communist party contesting upcoming elections.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 25, In Nepal police armed with bamboo sticks stopped a protest by Tibetan refugees and monks in front of the Chinese Embassy and arrested about 100 participants.
    (AP, 3/25/08)

2008        Mar 29, In Kathmandu, Nepal, around 80 Tibetan protesters shouting "stop the killing in Tibet" were hauled away in police vehicles and detained after demonstrating outside the Chinese embassy.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Apr 7, Nepal was rocked by two bombings, the latest violence to hit campaigning for this week's vote on the country's political future following a peace deal with Maoist rebels.
    (AFP, 4/7/08)

2008        Apr 8, In Nepal police shot dead seven Maoists, and a man protesting the killing of an election candidate was also shot dead by police. An election candidate was assassinated in the west of the country.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 9, Nepal was hit by fresh violence, the eve of a landmark vote to decide the impoverished country's political destiny and scrap the monarchy.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 10, Nepal gave an historic vote of support for a peace process that is set to abolish an unpopular monarchy and reshape the impoverished country. The final results were not expected for several weeks. Sporadic violence, including two deaths in the ethnically tense south, was reported.
    (AFP, 4/10/08)

2008        Apr 12, Election officials said Nepal's communist former rebels have won control in 11 of the 21 constituencies where vote counting has been completed in the election for an assembly to write a new constitution.
    (AP, 4/12/08)

2008        Apr 13, Election officials said Nepal's Maoists had extended a stunning early lead in historic polls, as vote counting continued.
    (AP, 4/13/08)

2008        Apr 15, Nepal's former rebels surprised observers by winning more than half of the directly elected seats where counting was complete in an assembly that will shape the Himalayan nation's political future. Re-voting was held in six constituencies.
    (AP, 4/15/08)

2008        Apr 18, In southern Nepal Rudra Bahadur Singh, a candidate in last week's election from a party that supports Nepal's discredited king, was fatally shot.
    (AP, 4/19/08)

2008        Apr 24, Nepal's former communist rebels were declared the biggest party in a new governing assembly. While the Maoists won't have a majority, they are expected to usher in sweeping changes for the poor Himalayan nation.
    (AP, 4/24/08)

2008        Apr 30, An official said Nepal will give the families of the 13,000 people killed in the country's decade-long civil war more than 1,500 dollars each in compensation.
    (AP, 4/30/08)

2008        May 8, In Nepal Ram Hari Shrestha, a Kathmandu businessman and supporter of the former rebels, died after he was abducted and beaten by Maoist cadre.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)(www.nepalhorizons.com/beta/news.php?newsid=2851)

2008        May 11, In Nepal police detained more than 600 female Tibetan protesters, including many Buddhist nuns, after breaking up several demonstrations against China's recent crackdown in Tibet.
    (AP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 19, In western Nepal 36 people were killed when an overcrowded bus careened off a mountain highway into a river. Another 10 were presumed dead.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)

2008        May 27, Nepal swore in 575 lawmakers who planned to declare a republic, which would automatically displace the worldís last Hindu king.
    (SFC, 5/28/08, p.A8)

2008        May 28, In Nepal lawmakers voted just before midnight to abolish the 240-year-old Hindu monarchy and establish a secular republic.
    (AFP, 5/29/08)

2008        Jun 11, In Nepal deposed King Gyanendra left his palace in Kathmandu for the last time. The mistress (94) of his long dead grandfather, King Tribhuwan (d.1955), was allowed to stay in the palace because she had no relatives or house to move to.
    (SFC, 6/12/08, p.A11)

2008        Jun 26, Nepal's PM Koirala announced his long-delayed resignation, clearing the way for the formation of a new coalition government led by former communist rebels. A general strike to protest an increase in fuel prices shut down the Nepalese capital, with schools, businesses and markets closed and streets empty of vehicles.
    (AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jul 12, In western Nepal about 500 riot policemen took senior officers hostage in a revolt over ill treatment and poor food. They released their captives and surrendered after a two-day standoff.
    (AP, 7/13/08)(AP, 7/14/08)

2008        Jul 19, In Nepal lawmakers failed to elect the country's first president and end weeks of political deadlock. No candidate won the 298 votes necessary. A bus veered off a mountain road and plunged into a river in central Nepal killing 14 passengers and leaving many missing.
    (AFP, 7/19/08)(AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 21, Lawmakers in Nepal voted in the Himalayan nation's first post-royal president, but their rejection of a candidate backed by the Maoists was likely to lead to more political deadlock. Ram Baran Yadav, who was supported by the centrist Nepali Congress party, won 308 out of 590 votes cast in Nepal's constitutional assembly.
    (AFP, 7/21/08)

2008        Jul 22, Nepal's Maoists said they would not form the Himalayan nation's first post-royal government after the defeat of their candidate for president, setting off a new political crisis.
    (AFP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 27, Ram Baran Yadav, Nepal's first president, appealed for rival parties in the newly-republican nation to form a consensus government and end weeks of political deadlock, in his maiden address to the people.
    (AFP, 7/27/08)

2008        Jul 28, In Nepal protesters blocked traffic and held demonstrations to protest the decision by Paramananda Jha, the newly elected vice president, to take his oath of office in Hindi, which is not recognized as an official language.
    (AP, 7/28/08)

2008        Jul 31, At least 36 Hindu pilgrims from Nepal were killed when their bus plunged into a river in the mountainous northern Indian state of Uttarakhand.
    (AFP, 7/31/08)

2008        Aug 2, In Sri Lanka a two-day summit of leaders of the 15th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), opened amid extraordinary security. Leaders of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, The Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka attended the summit. Government troops captured rebel-held Vellankulam village in Mannar, the last rebel stronghold in the area. Fresh fighting between Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger separatists killed 14 rebels and two soldiers across the embattled northern region.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 6, In Nepal a contest to choose the next "Miss Nepal," slated August 7, was cancelled after Maoist female lawmakers denounced the beauty pageant.
    (AFP, 8/6/08)

2008        Aug 7, Critics of China's human rights record made sure they were not forgotten, a day before the grand opening of the Beijing Olympics, with protest actions the world over and in China itself. Thousands of Tibetan exiles demonstrated in Nepal and India.
    (AFP, 8/7/08)(AP, 8/7/08)

2008        Aug 15, Officials said Nepal's lawmakers have voted in Prachanda, the leader of the former Maoist rebels, as the Himalayan country's new prime minister.
    (AFP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 18, The leader of Nepal's Maoists, Prachanda, was sworn in as prime minister, finalizing his transformation from warlord to the country's most powerful politician.
    (AFP, 8/18/08)
2008        Aug 18, The river Kosi, a tributary to the Ganges, burst an embankment on the Nepali side of the border with India and flowed into a channel it had abandoned a century earlier. Water flooded into Bihar state and displaced over 3 million people.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.51)

2008        Sep 8, Nepal's Maoist-led government vowed to end slave-like conditions for around 150,000 bonded laborers in the far west of the country who have been paying off debt for generations.
    (AFP, 9/8/08)

2008        Sep 11, Nepalese officials said Tibetan exiles living in Kathmandu illegally are to be deported in a bid to curb anti-China protests threatening Nepal's ties with its giant neighbor.
    (AFP, 9/11/08)

2008        Sep 13, Nepalese police said at least six people have been killed in southern Nepal in rampages by wild elephants in the last two days.
    (AFP, 9/13/08)

2008        Sep 15, Hundreds of disco workers protested in Kathmandu against a government crackdown on "nude dancing" in its bid to improve the deteriorating law and order.
    (Reuters, 9/15/08)

2008        Sep 19, In central Nepal a bus rolled off a mountain highway and crashed into a river, killing at least 14 people and injuring 25 others.
    (AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 30, Former Nepalese Gurkha soldiers won a legal test case on their bid for the right to settle in Britain.
    (AFP, 9/30/08)

2008        Oct 8, In Nepal a small airplane crashed and caught fire as it tried to land in foggy weather at a tiny mountain airport near Mount Everest, killing 18 people, including 16 tourists from Germany, Australia and Nepal.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

2008        Dec 11, In southern Nepal a crowded school bus skidded off a bridge on a highway, killing at least 20 students and two teachers. At least 57 others were injured.
    (AP, 12/11/08)

2008        Dec 21, In Nepal 12 staff at a prominent newspaper and magazine publisher were injured when they were attacked by dozens of Maoist activists angered by critical coverage.
    (AFP, 12/21/08)

2008        In Nepal a WWF survey found just 121 adult tigers of breeding age in the country.
    (AFP, 6/3/11)

2009        Jan 4, In eastern Nepal dozens of people were missing after an overcrowded boat carrying mostly women and children capsized in the Saptakosi river. More than 50 people were believed on board the boat and only 14 were rescued.
    (AP, 1/4/09)(SFC, 1/5/09, p.A12)

2009        Mar 23, In southwest Nepal at least one person was killed and another injured when a bomb exploded inside a government building.
    (AFP, 3/23/09)

2009        May 3, Nepal's PM Pushpa Kamal Dahal, former Maoist rebel leader, fired army chief Rookmangud Katawal after accusing him of defying government orders, prompting a key party to quit the coalition government and plunging the Himalayan country into a political crisis that could endanger its peace process. Dahalís firing of the army chief was rejected by President Ram Baran Yadav, who officially leads the army.
    (AP, 5/3/09)(AP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 4, Nepal's PM Pushpa Kamal Dahal resigned amid a power struggle over his firing of the army chief, saying he was stepping down to "save the peace process" that brought the Himalayan nation out of a bloody decade-long civil war.
    (AP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 5, In Nepal thousands of Maoist supporters took to the streets of Kathmandu, a day after Prachanda, the leader of the ex-rebels, quit as prime minister following a bitter row over the country's army chief.
    (AFP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 6, In Nepal police clashed with protesting Maoists, who vowed to prevent a new government from being formed unless the president supports the firing of the country's army chief. The key dispute has thrown the Himalayan country into crisis.
    (AP, 5/6/09)

2009        May 7, In Nepal riot police beat back hundreds of women from the Maoist party who protested in front of the president's house to demand that he fire the country's army chief.
    (AP, 5/7/09)

2009        May 17, In Nepal an alliance of 22 political parties claimed to have enough support to form a new coalition government and called for a parliamentary vote to elect its candidate as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 18, In Nepal Maoist lawmakers stormed the parliament and demonstrated inside the assembly hall to block a vote for a new prime minister, a move that could prolong the country's political crisis.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        May 21, Nepal's Maoists agreed to stop blocking parliamentary proceedings so lawmakers can choose a new government to ease the country's political crisis. Lawmakers from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) said that although they had agreed to lift their protests, they would permanently end them only if the chamber takes up a motion censuring President Ram Baran Yadav.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, The British government announced a climbdown over settlement rights for Gurkha veterans, saying all of the Nepalese fighters who have served at least four years can apply to live here.
    (AFP, 5/21/09)

2009        May 23, Nepalís lawmakers elected communist party leader Madhav Kumar Nepal (56) as the new prime minister in a move aimed at ending weeks of political turmoil. 2 people were killed, one of them a teenager, and 14 wounded when a bomb exploded in a packed Roman Catholic church on the outskirts of Kathmandu.
    (AFP, 5/23/09)

2009        Jun 8, In Nepal a strike called by Maoist sympathizers paralyzed large swathes of Nepal, forcing schools and businesses to shut and stranding tourists.
    (AFP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 15, In Nepal Maoist demonstrators clashed with police in Kathmandu as a general strike called by the former guerrillas' youth wing brought Kathmandu to a standstill.
    (AFP, 6/15/09)

2009        Jul 2, In Nepal landslides triggered by monsoon rains swept through three villages in the mountainous west, burying homes and killing at least nine people.
    (AP, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 6, Nepal's national assembly sat for the first time in more than two months after the Maoist party agreed to halt protests that have paralyzed parliament.
    (AFP, 7/6/09)

2009        Jul 31, Anuradha Koirala, the founder of Nepalese charity Maiti Nepal, said British actress Joanna Lumley has agreed to be its international ambassador. The charity helps victims of human trafficking.
    (AFP, 7/31/09)

2009        Aug 7, Nepal's Maoists launched a fresh round of protests, paralyzing parliament and accusing the new government of failing to address their demands.
    (AFP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 22, India and Nepal agreed to a new trade treaty as PM Madhav Kumar Nepal ended a five-day official visit to the regional giant that both countries hailed a great success.
    (AFP, 8/22/09)

2009        Aug 31, Nepal's PM Madhav Kumar Nepal opened the first climate change conference of Himalayan nations with a warning about the dangers of melting glaciers, floods and violent storms for the region.
    (AFP, 8/31/09)

2009        Sep 10, In northeast Nepal a bus veered off a highway and plunged into a river, killing at least 11 people and leaving about 20 missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 9/10/09)

2009        Sep 13, Costa Rican authorities detained 54 US-bound migrants from Africa and Nepal after their boat arrived on the country's coast. Authorities also took into custody three suspected Colombian smugglers who were traveling with them.
    (AP, 9/13/09)

2009        Oct 6, In Nepal landslides triggered by 4 days of torrential rains killed at least 34 people in various western districts.
    (AP, 10/7/09)

2009        Nov 14, Tomaz Humar (40), a veteran Slovenian climber, was found dead on Langtang Lirung in the Nepalese Himalayas days after he was injured and stranded on the 23,710-foot (7,227m) mountain.
    (AP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 24, In Nepal the 2-day Gadhimai festival, celebrated every five years, was attended by many Hindus from India as well as Nepal. More than 200,000 buffaloes, pigs, goats, chickens and pigeons were expected to be slaughtered this year.
    (AP, 11/20/09)(AP, 11/24/09)

2009        Dec 4, Nepal's top politicians strapped on oxygen tanks and held a Cabinet meeting amid Mount Everest's frigid, thin air to highlight the danger global warming poses to glaciers. Landless laborers in the far west, backed by Maoists, claimed tracts of government owned forest for themselves. National security forces opened fire and burned squatterís huts. 3 people died in the clashes. 
    (AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 12/5/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.46)

2009        Dec 5, In western Nepal hundreds of protesters torched vehicles and vandalized shops after three people died in clashes between police and illegal forest settlers.
    (AP, 12/5/09)

2009        Dec 6, In Nepal Maoists imposed a strict nationwide strike in protest of the killing of 3 landless laborers on Dec 4.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.46)

2009        Dec 20, In Nepal hundreds of riot police used tear gas and batons as they clashed with Maoist protesters in Kathmandu during the first day of a three-day general strike.
    (AFP, 12/20/09)

2009        Nepalís population was estimated to be about 29.5 million.

2010        Jan 7, Nepal began releasing hundreds of former child soldiers, who once fought for the Maoist rebels, from the UN-monitored detention camps they have called home for the past three years to begin new lives as civilians.
    (AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Jan 11, In Britain former Gurkha soldiers from Nepal lost a test case against Ministry of Defence over pension rights at the High Court in London.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)

2010        Mar 20, Nepal's former PM Girija Prasad Koirala (b.1925) died. He served five terms as head of state, led mass protests that ended the king's authoritarian rule and was a key figure in peace negotiations with communist rebels.
    (AP, 3/20/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)

2010        Apr 26, In Nepal Pushpa Kamal Dahal, the leader of the opposition Maoists, urged the public to support a nationwide street protest aimed at toppling the current government.
    (AFP, 4/26/10)

2010        Apr 27, In Nepal Oh Eun-sun (44), a South Korean mountaineer, became the first woman to scale the world's 14 highest mountains, crawling on all fours as she reached the last summit. She reached the summit of  Annapurna 13 years after she scaled her first Himalayan mountain, Gasherbrum II, in 1997. She scaled Everest in 2004.
    (AP, 4/27/10)

2010        May 1, The leader of Nepal's Maoists called a nationwide general strike, stepping up pressure on the government to quit as tens of thousands of his supporters demonstrated in Kathmandu.
    (AP, 5/1/10)

2010        May 2, In Nepal Maoist opposition supporters armed with bamboo sticks enforced a general strike that closed transportation, schools and markets across the country to demand the prime minister's resignation.
    (AP, 5/2/10)

2010        May 4, In Nepal armed police escorted fuel and food trucks into Katmandu on the third day of a crippling general strike called by former Maoist rebels demanding the PM's resignation.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 5, Nepal's Maoist opposition blocked streets leading to key government offices on the fourth day of their crippling general strike to demand the prime minister's resignation, while the government vowed not to bow to protesters' pressure.
    (AP, 5/5/10)

2010        May 7, In Nepal protesters pleading for the end of a crippling strike called by former Maoist rebels clashed with the communists across Nepal. Shots were fired amid the chaos in one western town, wounding five people.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 8, In Nepal markets reopened for business, vehicles returned to the streets and some banks allowed customers to withdraw cash after the former communist rebels ended their debilitating general strike after six days. The top leaders of the Maoist party decided late the previous evening to end the strike since it was making life difficult.
    (AP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 9, In Nepal riot police clashed with thousands of communists demonstrating outside the government's main offices in Katmandu, injuring several protesters and police officers.
    (AP, 5/9/10)

2010        May 22, Jordan Romero (13), an eighth-grader from California, became the youngest climber to reach the top of Mount Everest, surpassing the previous record set by Temba Tsheri (16) of Nepal.
    (AP, 5/22/10)

2010        May 28, Nepal's PM Madhav Kumar agreed to resign after the former communist rebels supported his proposal to extend the term of parliament so it can draft a new constitution to end years of civil war and strife.
    (AP, 5/28/10)

2010        Jun 13, Nepalís PM Madhav Kumar Nepal and Forest Minister Deepak Bohara summoned conservation officials and the chiefs of police and army ordering them to come up with a strategy to halt the killing of endangered rhinos. 28 of the endangered animals had been killed over the past 11 months.
    (AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 30, Nepal's PM Madhav Kumar Nepal announced his resignation, bowing to pressure from opposition Maoists who have been demanding his ouster in parliament and on the streets.
    (AP, 6/30/10)

2010        Aug 24, In Nepal an Agni Air plane heading to the Mount Everest region crashed in heavy rain outside Katmandu, killing all 14 people aboard, including 4 Americans, a Briton and a Japanese national.
    (AP, 8/24/10)

2010        Sep 28, In Nepal an avalanche caught 3 Japanese climbers and a Sherpa guide. Dhaulagiri at 26,790 feet (8,167 meters) is the seventh highest mountain in the world. The body of Daisuke Honda (32) was recovered on Oct 12.
    (AP, 10/13/10)

2010        Sep 30, In Sweden activists from Nepal, Nigeria, Brazil and Israel were named the winners of this year's Right Livelihood Award, also known as the "alternative Nobel," for work that included fighting to save the Amazon rain forest and bringing health care to Palestinians cut off from services. The recipients included Nigeria's Nnimmo Bassey (42), Catholic Bishop Erwin Kraeutler (71) of Brazil, Shrikrishna Upadhyay (65) of Nepal, and the organization Physicians for Human Rights Israel.
    (AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Oct 14, Khagendra Thapa Magar, a Nepalese fruit sellerís son, was named the worldís shortest man as he turned 18 years old. He measured 26.4 inches.
    (SFC, 10/15/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 21, A global tiger summit meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia, approved a wide-ranging program with the goal of doubling the world's tiger population in the wild by 2022 backed by governments of the 13 countries that still have tiger populations: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam and Russia. Experts said wild tigers could become extinct in 12 years if countries where they still roam fail to take quick action to protect their habitats and step up the fight against poaching.
    (AP, 11/21/10)

2010        Dec 13, A UN official said a campaign to resettle ethnic Nepalese forced out of Bhutan two decades ago has found homes for 40,000 refugees in Western countries, although tens of thousands continue to wait.
    (AP, 12/13/10)

2010        Dec 15, In Nepal a small passenger plane with 22 people on board went missing while flying over a mountainous region. All people were killed after the planeís wing apparently clipped a mountaintop.
    (AP, 12/15/10)(AP, 12/16/10)

2011        Jan 14, The UN peace mission to Nepal ended after a four-year engagement that helped end a communist insurgency.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 22, The head of Nepal's former communist rebels handed command of his fighters over to the government as part of a peace deal that ended the Himalayan nation's decade-long conflict.
    (AP, 1/22/11)

2011        Feb 1, In Nepal Christians threatened to parade corpses in front of the parliament building after the government ruled last week that an area near a revered Hindu temple could no longer be used as their burial ground.
    (AP, 2/1/11)

2011        Feb 3, Nepal's lawmakers elected Jhalanath Khanal as the country's new prime minister, ending a damaging seven-month leadership vacuum in the troubled country.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)

2011        Mar 2, Nepalese authorities banned the sale of marijuana during a popular Hindu festival at which holy men traditionally smoke the drug and share it with young men and women.
    (AP, 3/3/11)

2011        Mar 4, Nepal's former communist rebels joined the new government, appointing four party members as ministers after a monthlong dispute with the country's new prime minister.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Apr 13, In Nepal lightning strikes over the last 24 hours killed 6 people in 3 separate districts.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A2)

2011        May 3, In central Nepal a crowded bus skidded off a mountain road, killing at least 12 people and injuring many others.
    (AP, 5/3/11)

2011        May 4, In western Nepal a bus veered off a mountain road, killing at least 16 people and injuring 20 others in the country's second serious bus accident in two days.
    (AP, 5/4/11)

2011        Jun 14, The UN declared Nepal free of land mines after the last one was destroyed.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 20, In Nepal a lawyer and a college professor from the United States celebrated Nepal's first public lesbian wedding ceremony in the Himalayan nation that recently began recognizing gay rights and drafting laws to end sexual discrimination.
    (AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 28, Nepalís government said workers renovating the Hanuman Dhoka palace in Kathmandu, a UNESCO world heritage site, have discovered a huge stash of gold and silver ornaments weighing more than 300 kilograms (661 pounds).
    (AFP, 6/28/11)

2011        Jul 6, Nepalese authorities prevented exiled Tibetans from celebrating their spiritual leader the Dalai Lama's birthday over concerns that gatherings would turn anti-Chinese.
    (AP, 7/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, In Nepal airports, hotels, restaurants, government offices and public transport became smoke-free under a new law that went into effect today.
    (AP, 8/7/11)

2011        Aug 14, Nepal's latest prime minister, Jhalnath Khanal, resigned after failing to make progress toward adopting a constitution during his six months in office.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Nepal hundreds of gay, lesbian, transgender people marched with supporters in the southern town of Narayanghat to demand equal rights under a new constitution the country is in the process of writing.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 16, In southern Nepal an overcrowded boat carrying at least 35 people capsized in the rain-swollen Kamala river. At least 20 people were missing.
    (AP, 8/16/11)

2011        Aug 24, Nepal's Pres. Rambaran Yadav ordered parliament to vote for a new prime minister after the main political parties failed to agree on a coalition government.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 28, In Nepal senior Maoist party leader Baburam Bhattarai was elected as prime minister in the latest attempt to form a stable government after extended political uncertainty.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)

2011        Sep 17, In western Nepal 7 people, two of them children, were killed when a landslide triggered by heavy monsoon rains fell on Sulichaur village.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)

2011        Sep 18, In India a magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit Sikkim state in the northeast near the border with Nepal. Some buildings collapsed in Sikkim's state capital of Gangtok. At least 108 people were killed with more than 100,000 homes damaged. The confirmed deaths included 6 in Nepal and 7 in Tibet.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 22, In west Nepal a landslide buried workers building a canal in a mountain village, killing at least four people and leaving several people missing.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2011        Sep 25, In Nepal a small plane taking tourists on a sightseeing trip around Mount Everest crashed into a hillside near Kathmandu, killing all 19 people on board.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)

2011        Oct 7, Nepalese campaigners said desperate AIDS charity workers are turning to prostitution to pay bills and buy food because government bureaucracy has denied them their wages.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 16, Scientists at the Vietnam-based Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Program and the Oxford University Clinical Research units in Kathmandu and Ho Chi Minh City announced they had combined cutting-edge gene sequencing technology with Google Earth to accurately map the spread of typhoid in Kathmandu for the first time.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 20, The World Bank said it would lend Nepal up to $400 million to help the impoverished nation move towards peace and stability, five years after the end of its civil war.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 22, In Nepal a footbridge over a Trishuli River gorge collapsed as dozens of people were crossing it and three plunged 50 feet (15 meters) to their deaths.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Nov 1, The leaders of Nepalís four main parties agreed to integrate one-third of the former Maoist rebels into the army and give money to the remainder. Under the agreement, 6,500 of the 19,000 former Maoist rebels who had been demobilized and living in camps for five years will be integrated into the national army, but only in noncombat roles.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 1, Nepalese police detained more than 100 Tibetan exiles who had gathered to pray for nine Tibetans who set themselves on fire to protest against Chinese rule.
    (AP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 19, In Nepal government monitors began asking 19,000 former rebels whether they will join the army or leave with cash to start new lives, five years after ending their insurgency to join a peace process.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Bhutan a Climate Summit for a Living Himalayas was held in Bhutan's capital Thimphu. India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan agreed to cooperate on energy, water, food and biodiversity issues.
    (AP, 11/20/11)

2011        Nov 29, Nepalese MPs extended parliament's term for a fourth and final time to allow the drafting of a new constitution in line with a peace accord brokered after the civil war ended in 2006. The current 601-member parliament, or Constituent Assembly, was given an initial two-year mandate to write a new constitution for the young republic.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)

2011        Dec 1, Berlin-based Transparency International (TI) said corruption is hampering efforts to tackle the eurozone debt crisis, as Greece (80) and Italy (69) scored badly in a list of nations seen to be the most sleaze-ridden. Nepal ranked 154th out of 183 countries. New Zealand ranked the cleanest, while the US ranked 24th. Afghanistan ranked 180.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/)(AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 4, The Kathmandu-based Intíl. Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) published reports showing that Nepal's glaciers have shrunk by 21 percent and Bhutan's by 22 percent over the last 30 years.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)

2011        Dec 7, In Nepal hundreds of Buddhists demonstrated in Katmandu to protest the appointment of Maoist party chief Pushpa Kamal Dahal to head a project to develop Lumbini, an area where Buddha was believed born.
    (AP, 12/7/11)

2011        Dec 19, In Nepal a second general strike in three days brought much of the country to a halt as protestors blocked roads and torched cars over the prison killing of a senior opposition party activist. Shiva Poudel, chairman of a party youth wing, was critically injured when a group of inmates attacked him in a prison in the southern district of Chitwan on December 6 and he died in Kathmandu on Dec 17.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)

2011        Nepalís population numbered about 30 million.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.50)

2012        Jan 14, Nepal's president announced a campaign to lure hundreds of thousands of tourists and pilgrims this year to visit the area of the country where Buddha was born.
    (AP, 1/14/12)
2012        Jan 14, China agreed to provide Nepal with $119 million in aid during a surprise visit to the tiny Himalayan nation by Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao.
    (AP, 1/14/12)

2012        Jan 18, The US Embassy in Kathmandu said Peace Corps volunteers will return to Nepal seven years after they left during the peak of a Maoist rebel insurgency.
    (AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Feb 5, Nepal officials said health workers are to cull some 4,000 chickens following the discovery of the H5N1 strain of bird flu in the southeastern part of the Himalayan country.
    (AFP, 2/5/12)

2012        Feb 17, In southern Nepal a mob burned alive Dengani Mahato (40) after accusing her of casting black magic spells in remote Madi village. A shaman and the nine locals suspected of taking part in the crime were arrested on suspicion of murder. Bhakta Bahadur Rumba crushed his three young daughters to death with stones as they slept in remote Faparbari village.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)(AP, 2/17/12)

2012        Feb 21, Nepal's highest court jailed a serving government minister for corruption in a first for a nation fighting an ingrained culture of graft. Information and communications minister, Jaya Prakash Prasad Gupta (52), was handed an 18-month sentence and an 8.4 million-rupee fine after he failed to account for a vast portfolio of property accrued while in office.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)

2012        Feb 22, Nepal was reported to be in the midst of an energy crises. The nation produced a paltry 688 megawatts a year and imported petroleum products worth 80 billion rupees ($1 billion) a year.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)

2012        Feb 26, Chandra Bahadur Dangi (72) of southwestern Nepal was declared the shortest man ever documented after being measured by Guinness World Records officials. Dangi stood just 54.6 cm (21.5 inches) tall.
    (AFP, 2/26/12)

2012        Feb 27, In Nepal at least 3 people were killed and 7 wounded in an explosion near government offices in Kathmandu, in the first bomb attack in the Nepali capital for three years. An organization calling itself the United Ethnic Liberation Front (UELF) claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 2/27/12)(AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 3, In Nepal 6 people were killed as a fire tore through the main vegetable market in Kathmandu destroying more than 100 stalls.
    (AFP, 3/4/12)

2012        Apr 30, In southern Nepal 4 people were killed and nearly 30 wounded when a bomb attached to a motorbike went off near a crowd of protesters in Janakpur. They staging a sit-in to demand a separate province for Maithili-speaking people when the bike exploded.
    (AFP, 4/30/12)

2012        May 5, In Nepal at least 15 people were killed and 43 left missing, including 3 tourists from Ukraine, when the Seti River near Mount Annapurna burst its banks and swept away a village.
    (AFP, 5/5/12)(AFP, 5/6/12)

2012        May 14, In northern Nepal a small plane crashed near a treacherous high-altitude airport, killing 15 people while six others miraculously survived just outside Jomsom airport.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)

2012        May 19, In Nepal 4 climbers from Germany, South Korea, China and Canada died while returning from the summit of Mount Everest.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)(AP, 5/22/12)

2012        May 27, Nepal's Premier Baburam Bhattarai announced that the country's parliament, elected in 2008 to write the constitution after a decade of civil war, would be disbanded ahead of November elections after leaders failed to agree on a new post-war constitution.
    (AFP, 5/27/12)

2012        May 28, Nepalís Maoist party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal called for rival parties to join a national unity government to take the country to fresh elections and said he was open to a change of prime minister.
    (AFP, 5/28/12)

2012        May 31, In Nepal gunmen on a motorbike shot and killed a Supreme Court judge in Kathmandu, sparking fears of lawlessness amid a political vacuum. Judge Rana Bahadur Bam was under investigation for corruption.
    (AFP, 5/31/12)

2012        Jun 14, In Nepal the badly decomposed and decapitated body of Debbie Maveau (23) of Belgium, missing for 10 days, was found beneath a hiking trail in the Langtang National Park.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)

2012        Jul 12, A Nepalese court jailed Bajir Singh Tamang (37) for a record 170 years for trafficking teenage girls to work as prostitutes in India.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)

2012        Jul 15, In Nepal at least 39 pilgrims were killed when an overcrowded bus carrying them from India to a Hindu festival swerved off a highway and plunged into a flooded irrigation canal.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)(SFC, 7/16/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 20, The Nepalese film "Highway" was released in Nepal. It had already become the first Nepali film to qualify for the Berlin International Film Festival's Panorama category for new directors. It was directed by Deepak Rauniyar (33) and co-produced by "Lethal Weapon" star Danny Glover.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2012        Jul 28, In Nepal a vehicle crashed in the Palpa district killing 14 people on their way to cremate the body of a relative.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A6)

2012        Aug 9, Local media said Nepal has banned women under 30 from travelling to Gulf countries to work following reports of widespread sexual abuse and exploitation.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)

2012        Sep 23, In northwestern Nepal an avalanche swept away climbers and their camps on the world's eighth highest mountain, killing at least nine people. Six people remained missing.
    (Reuters, 9/23/12)(AP, 9/24/12)

2012        Sep 28, In Nepal a Sita Air airplane carrying trekkers to the Mount Everest region hit a bird and crashed just after takeoff in Katmandu, killing the 19 Nepali, British and Chinese people on board.
    (AP, 9/28/12)

2013        Jan 4, British police charged Nepali army colonel Kumar Lama (46) with two counts of torture committed in 2005 during the Himalayan nation's decade-long civil war, despite the Nepali government's demanding his immediate release.
    (Reuters, 1/4/13)

2013        Jan 12, In west Nepal a bus veered off a mountain road leaving at least 30 people dead and several more injured near Chatiwan village.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Feb 13, In Nepal a Tibetan protester doused himself with gasoline, set himself ablaze and chanted anti-China slogans as he ran down a street in Kathmandu. Police and residents were able to put out the flames and rush the man to a hospital. He died the next day.
    (AP, 2/13/13)(SFC, 2/15/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 14, Nepal's Supreme Court Chief Justice Khilraj Regmi was named head of an interim government in an attempt by the country's main political parties to cure the paralysis and infighting that have blocked elections for months.
    (AP, 3/14/13)

2013        May 16, In northern Nepal a plane crashed while trying to land at a mountain airstrip. All 21 people on board, including 8 Japanese tourists, survived with injuries.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 20, In Nepal five climbers, including two Hungarians and a South Korean, disappeared on Mount Kanchenjunga. Bad weather prevented a rescue helicopter from reaching their base camp.
    (AP, 5/24/13)

2013        Aug 6, In Nepal an unidentified Tibetan monk died after setting himself on fire in Kathmandu.
    (SFC, 8/7/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 26, Nepal commissioned a group of former Maoist rebel fighters as officers in the national army, fulfilling a main component of a fragile peace deal that ended civil war but has failed to bring political stability.
    (Reuters, 8/26/13)

2013        Sep 26, Nepal recalled its ambassador to Qatar after she compared the Middle Eastern emirate to an "open jail" for thousands of Nepali migrants who face abuse from employers there.
    (AFP, 9/26/13)

2013        Oct 26, Nepalese police arrested Ram Chandra Pyashi Kushbah, a UML politician, and two other men over the fatal drive-by shooting of Mohammad Alam, a candidate slated to run in national elections. Alam, of the Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) party, died in hospital after being shot in the head in Kathmandu earlier this month.
    (AFP, 10/27/13)

2013        Nov 19, Millions of Nepalis defied low expectations and threats of violence to vote in elections seen as crucial in stabilising the country and breaking its political deadlock seven years after a civil war ended. The Nepali Congress led by Sushil Koirala narrowly won the elections. A bombing in Kathmandu injured three children.
    (AFP, 11/19/13)(Econ, 3/8/14, p.44)

2013        Nov 21, Nepal's powerful Maoist leader and former guerrilla chief Prachanda said he did not accept the results of an election his party appeared to be losing, throwing the nation into a fresh political crisis.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)

2013        Nov 26, Archeologists in Nepal said they have discovered traces of a wooden structure dating from the sixth century BC inside the sacred Mayadevi Temple in Lumbini. They believed this is the world's oldest Buddhist shrine.
    (AP, 11/26/13)

2014        Feb 16, In west Nepal a small plane owned by state-run Nepal Airlines Corporation crashed with 18 people aboard in bad weather. Rescuers found the wreckage of the 43-year-old de Havilland Twin Otter the next day near Machinelek.
    (Reuters, 2/16/14)(AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Mar 19, In Nepal Maoist student activists led a partial strike in Kathmandu and stoned or set fire to a dozen vehicles, demanding that the newly elected government cancel a fuel price rise.
    (Reuters, 3/19/14)

2014        Apr 1, Human Rights Watch said China has pressured Nepal to impose tough controls on thousands of Tibetan refugees, including arbitrary detention, excessive use of force and intrusive surveillance.
    (AP, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 18, An avalanche swept down a slope of Mount Everest killing 13 Nepali mountaineering guides at the beginning of the main climbing season. Three people remained missing.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)(AP, 4/19/14)

2014        Apr 22, Nepalese guides on Mount Everest said they had decided to abandon this year's climbing season, to honor 16 colleagues killed in an avalanche last week. The decision threw the plans of hundreds of foreign mountaineers into chaos.
    (AFP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 30, In western Nepal a bus collided head-on with a truck on a narrow mountain highway, killing at least 18 people and injuring 19 others.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        May 21, Transparency International said South Asia is the most corrupt region of the world and governments must strengthen their anti-graft agencies to prevent political interference and protect whistleblowers. The watchdog group found serious problems with anti-corruption efforts in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 5/21/14)

2014        May 22, Nepal said it has opened 104 more mountain peaks for climbers, including two named after the conquerors of Mount Everest, hoping more foreign climbers come to the Himalayan country.
    (AP, 5/22/14)

2014        Jul 14, Nepal's former crown price Paras Shah, notorious for his flamboyant lifestyle, was released on bail for marijuana possession in Thailand. In 2012 he was arrested for marijuana possession on the resort island of Phuket in southern Thailand.
    (AP, 7/16/14)

2014        Aug 2, In northern Nepal more than 150 people were feared dead after a massive landslide blocked a mountain river, causing the water to form a lake that was threatening to burst in the village of Mankha. The search for victims ended on Aug 6 with just 33 of 156 victims recovered.
    (SFC, 8/4/14, p.A2)(AP, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 3, Indiaís PM Narendra Modi embarked on a visit to Nepal to help speed up negotiations on a power trade pact.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 16, Nepalese officials said flooding and lanslides in the west have killed at least 54 people and left 142 missing over the last three days.
    (SSFC, 8/17/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 18, Indian and Nepalese officials said that flooding and torrential rains have left at least 100 dead in Nepal and 84 dead in India.
    (SFC, 8/19/14, p.A5)

2014        Sep 19, Nepal's government signed an agreement with Indian company GMR to build the Himalayan nation's largest hydroelectric plant in a small step toward easing chronic power shortages and attracting new investment.
    (AP, 9/19/14)

2014        Sep 30, Nepal's powerful parliamentary committee accused Ganesh Thapa, the long-time chief of the national football association, of embezzling millions and ordered government agencies to investigate, file a case in court, and suspend him.
    (AP, 9/30/14)

2014        Oct 6, In Nepal a bus crowded with holiday travelers veered off a remote mountain road, killing at least 25 and critically injuring many more.
    (AP, 10/6/14)

2014        Oct 14, In Nepal a snowstorm and avalanche in the Himalayas killed at least 39 trekkers and guides, on the popular Annapurna hiking route. 3 yak herders were also reported killed in another avalanche while grazing their animals. Rescue operations ended on Oct 20 with 407 people brought to safety.
    (AFP, 10/15/14)(AFP, 10/18/14)(AP, 10/20/14)

2014        Oct 24, In Nepal a bus crowded with people heading home for a Hindu festival veered off a mountain highway, killing 9 people and injuring dozens of others.
    (AP, 10/24/14)

2014        Oct 26, In eastern Nepal a passenger van slipped off a mountain road, killing eight people and injuring 13.
    (AP, 10/26/14)

2014        Nov 1, In Nepal two passenger buses collided head-on on a key highway, killing 10 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 11/1/14)

2014        Nov 20, In western Nepal a bus plunged into the Bheri river, killing at least 47 people.
    (AP, 11/20/14)(AP, 11/23/14)

2014        Nov 25, Nepal signed an agreement for an Indian company to build a $1 billion hydroelectric plant to boost supplies in the energy-starved Himalayan nation and export power to India.
    (AP, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 27, In Nepal eight South Asian heads of state attending their first summit in three years reached a deal on energy sharing, but failed on two other economic agreements during a retreat where Indian and Pakistan leaders shook hands.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 28, In southern Nepal a two-day festival, believed to be the largest animal sacrifice ritual in the world, began. More than 5,000 buffaloes were ritually killed during the day. Devotees of the festival, held every five years, believe the sacrifices bring good luck and a Hindu goddess will grant their wishes.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Nepalís annual income per person this year was $692. This was below half the level for South Asia as a whole.
    (Econ, 11/29/14, p.38)

2014        Dec 7, In Nepal an overcrowded bus plunged off a mountain road killing at least 17 people and injuring 50 more.
    (SFC, 12/9/14, p.A2)

2014        Dec 26, China said it will increase official aid to Nepal by more than five times from fiscal 2015-16, to develop infrastructure in the landlocked nation.
    (Reuters, 12/26/14)

2014        Prashant Jha authored ďBattles of the New Republic: A Contemporary History of Nepal."
    (Econ, 11/1/14, p.78)
2014        Nepalís annual income per person this year was $692.
    (Econ, 11/29/14, p.38)

2015        Jan 7, Nepal said it will issue passports to sexual minorities, adding a third gender category in a sign of the conservative Hindu-majority country becoming more liberal since the end of a decade-long civil war.
    (Reuters, 1/7/15)

2015        Jan 8, In Nepal hundreds of single mothers and rights activists demonstrated outside the parliament building, urging members of a special assembly drafting a new constitution not to weaken the citizenship rights of young Nepalis. A law being considered would give citizenship only to children of two Nepali parents.
    (AP, 1/8/15)

2015        Jan 13, In Nepal a general strike called by opposition parties crippled life in the Kathmandu region by shutting down schools, market and transportation.
    (AP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 20, In Nepal opposition politicians threw chairs and attacked the parliamentary speaker during a violent general strike aimed at blocking the government from pushing through a draft of a new constitution.
    (AP, 1/20/15)

2015        Jan 22, Nepal's opposition parties protested both inside parliament and on the streets against governing coalition plans to push through a draft of a new constitution.
    (AP, 1/22/15)

2015        Mar 4, In Nepal a Turkish Airlines jet skidded off the wet surface at Kathmandu's Tribhuwan International Airport. Thousands of passengers were left stranded as the plane partially blocked the only runway.
    (AP, 3/5/15)

2015        Mar 16, In northwestern Nepal at least 17 people were killed when a bus slipped off a rain-drenched mountain road near Rararihi village.
    (AP, 3/16/15)

2015        Mar 30, In southern Nepal a wild rhino charged into the outskirts of Hetauda city, killing a woman (61), injuring several others and chasing panicked people through the main market and a hospital.
    (AP, 3/30/15)

2015        Apr 1, In Nepal some five thousand doctors stayed away from work at clinics and hospitals to support a colleague who has been on a hunger strike for 10 days demanding reforms in medical education and services.
    (AP, 4/1/15)

2015        Apr 7, In Nepal stone-throwing opposition protesters led by Maoists clashed with police in Kathmandu as they enforced a three-day nationwide shutdown of schools, business and transport in the latest violence to mar talks over a new constitution.
    (Reuters, 4/7/15)

2015        Apr 15, Nepalís Surya Bahadur Thapa, former 5-time prime minister, died in a hospital in India where he was being treated for stomach cancer.
    (AP, 4/16/15)

2015        Apr 25, In Nepal a magnitude 7.9 earthquake killed hundreds of people, toppling a 19th-century tower in the capital Kathmandu and touching off a deadly avalanche on Mount Everest. More than 8,800 were killed making this disaster the deadliest to hit the Himalayan country on record. India reported at least 49 killed in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal states.
    (Reuters, 4/25/15)(AP, 4/25/15)(Reuters, 4/26/15)(Reuters, 5/17/15)(AFP, 8/5/15)

2015        Apr 26, In Nepal a  magnitude 6.7 aftershock followed the 7.9 earthquake from a day earlier as the death toll passed 2,200 people. The bodies of 17 climbers were recovered from Mount Everest after being caught in avalanches.
    (Reuters, 4/26/15)

2015        Apr 27, In Nepal the death toll from the April 25 magnitude 7.9 earthquake climbed to more than 4,000. Reports trickling in from remote areas suggested it would rise significantly Another 66 were reported killed across the border in India and at least another 20 in Tibet.
    (Reuters, 4/27/15)(AP, 4/27/15)

2015        Apr 28, In Nepal up to 250 people were missing after an avalanche hit a village in a popular trekking area to the north of the capital Kathmandu. 19 people were killed including 14 Sherpa guides.
    (Reuters, 4/28/15)(AP, 4/29/15)

2015        Apr 29, Nepalese authorities said 5,016 people died and more than 10,000 were injured as a result of the massive earthquake that struck April 25. But officials have warned the death toll is expected to rise. India and China, have reported totals of 72 and 25 deaths from the quake, respectively.
    (CNN, 4/29/15)

2015        Apr 30, In Nepal the number of confirmed deaths from the April 25 earthquake rose to 5,582, with almost 11,200 injured.
    (Reuters, 4/30/15)

2015        May 1, In Nepal the confirmed death toll from the April 25 earthquake rose to 6,250, with 14,357 injured according to a government. Up to 1,000 Europeans were among the missing.
    (Reuters, 5/1/15)

2015        May 3, In Nepal 3 people were pulled out alive from the rubble of their home eight days after the devastating April 25 earthquake. Rescuers found about 100 bodies on a popular trekking route that was hit by an avalanche. The current toll of 7,056 dead was likely to rise as the entire village of Langtang was carried away by the avalanche.
    (AP, 5/3/15)(Reuters, 5/4/15)

2015        May 4, Nepal officials said the death toll from the April 25 earthquake has reached 7,366 people and wounded nearly 14,500.
    (Reuters, 5/4/15)
2015        May 4, The European Union approved 20 million euros ($22 million) in financial support and emergency aid to help Nepal deal with the April 25 earthquake.
    (AP, 5/4/15)

2015        May 12, In Nepal a magnitude 7.3 earthquake killed at least 91 people, bringing down buildings already weakened by a devastating tremor less than three weeks ago and unleashing landslides in Himalayan valleys near Mount Everest. 17 people were reported killed in India.
    (AP, 5/12/15)(Reuters, 5/12/15)(SFC, 5/14/15, p.A2)
2015        May 12, In Nepal an American military UH-1Y Huey helicopter delivering aid in Dolakha went missing with six Marines, two Nepali soldiers and 5 injured passengers on board. Wreckage was found on May 15 with no survivors.
    (Reuters, 5/13/15)(Reuters, 5/15/15)(AP, 6/5/15)

2015        May 16, In Nepal a magnitude 5.7 earthquake hit the country, about 76 km east south east of Kathmandu.
    (Reuters, 5/16/15)

2015        Jun 2, In northeastern Nepal a small helicopter on an earthquake relief mission crashed in high mountains, killing at least 4 people.
    (Reuters, 6/2/15)

2015        Jun 11, In northeastern Nepal a landslide triggered by heavy rainfall buried at least 21 people and left 27 missing overnight as they slept in six villages in Taplejung district.
    (AP, 6/11/15)(SFC, 6/12/15, p.A2)

2015        Jul 20, In southern Nepal protesters clashed with police as the government tried to collect the public's suggestions on the draft of the country's long-overdue constitution. About 200 protesters from Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal scuffled with police at the national stadium and demanded that Nepal remain a Hindu nation.
    (AP, 7/20/15)

2015        Jul 30, In Nepal landslides caused by heavy rains buried several mountain villages, killing at least 30 people as bad weather hampered the search for others.
    (AP, 7/30/15)

2015        Aug 5, In Nepal about 500 protesters demanding Nepal be declared a Hindu state in the country's new constitution clashed with police in Kathmandu.
    (AP, 8/5/15)

2015        Aug 7, In western Nepal Dahlia Yehia (27), an American teacher from Texas, disappeared from the resort town of Pokhara. Police later arrested a local teacher, Narayan Paudel, who was hosting Yehia while she was in Pokhara to help victims of a devastating earthquake in April. Paudel confessed to hammering the victim to death and throwing her body into the Seti River.
    (AP, 9/8/15)

2015        Aug 10, Nepali police shot dead at least 2 demonstrators and injured about a dozen others after they attacked buildings during a protest against proposals for administrative reform.
    (Reuters, 8/10/15)

2015        Aug 24, In Nepal 11 people were killed when demonstrators attacked police with spears, knives, axes and scythes during a protest against proposals for administrative reform. Protesters from the Tharu ethnic group were demanding a separate state in the new constitution. At least 7 policemen were killed in clashes when tens of thousands massed in Tikapur.
    (Reuters, 8/24/15)(AP, 8/25/15)(Econ, 8/29/15, p.33)

2015        Aug 30, In Nepal hundreds of lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transvestites paraded through the capital to demand that rights for sexual minorities be included in the country's new constitution that is being finalized.
    (AP, 8/30/15)   

2015        Sep 1, Nepali police shot dead at least 4 protesters and killed a fifth as demonstrators threw stones and petrol bombs, angry at a new planned constitution.
    (Reuters, 9/1/15)

2015        Sep 4, A Nepali policeman was shot dead in the latest round of clashes to hit the country's southern plains as protests intensify against a proposed new constitution.
    (AFP, 9/4/15)

2015        Sep 9, In southern Nepal police opened fire on protesters demanding statehood, killing at least 4 people in two towns.
    (AP, 9/9/15)

2015        Sep 11, In southern Nepal a member of the armed police was killed in the district of Mahottari after protesters dragged him out of an ambulance on its way to a hospital and assaulted him. Separately police shot and killed 3 demonstrators in a neighboring district, bringing the death toll to at least 39 in protests that erupted after a draft constitution was unveiled last month.
    (Reuters, 9/11/15)
    (AP, 9/17/15)

2015        Sep 16, Nepal passed a long-awaited constitution. It set the country up as a secular federation of seven states, each with a legislature and chief minister.
    (AP, 9/17/15)

2015        Sep 20, Nepal formally adopted a much anticipated and long-delayed constitution that took more than seven years to complete following a decade of political infighting.
    (AP, 9/20/15)

2015        Sep 24, In Nepal nearly 400 protesters clashed with police in Birgunj, a town on the border with India. They belonged to ethnic and religious groups dissatisfied with Nepal's constitution adopted on Sep 20, and demanded more territory and rights for ethnic federal states.
    (AP, 9/24/15)

2015        Sep 27, Nepal started imposing restrictions on the movement of vehicles as a blockade of cargo trucks trying to enter the country from neighboring India continued to severely limit supplies of fuel and other essential commodities.
    (AP, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 28, Nepal's cable federation said it would suspend Indian television channels and protesters marched in Kathmandu carrying an effigy of India's PM Modi, accusing their neighbor of imposing an economic blockade and meddling in internal politics.
    (Reuters, 9/28/15)

2015        Sep 30, Indian trucks carrying food and fuel began trickling into Nepal, a welcomed development for a nation grappling with shortages caused by a blockade during protests against the country's new constitution.
    (AP, 9/30/15)

2015        Oct 11, Nepal's parliament elected Communist party leader Khadga Prasad Oli (63) as the new prime minister, thrusting him into the center of daunting challenges.
    (AP, 10/11/15)(SFC, 10/12/15, p.A2)

2015        Oct 25, China said it will provide Nepal with 1.3 million liters (340,000 gallons) of gasoline to help it cope with severe fuel shortages as a result of restricted supplies from neighboring India.
    (AP, 10/2515)

2015        Oct 28, Nepal's parliament elected communist lawmaker Bidhya Bhandari as the country's first female president.
    (AFP, 10/28/15)

2015        Nov 2, Nepalese police shot at ethnic protesters who attacked a police station with gasoline bomb and stones on the southern border, killing Ashish Kumar Ram, an Indian man who was among the attackers.
    (AP, 11/2/15)

2015        Nov 3, In northwest Nepal a bus packed with passengers riding both inside and on its roof veered off a mountain road, killing 30 people and injuring 35 others.
    (AP, 11/3/15)

2015        Nov 8, In Nepal more than 70% of domestic flights were canceled due to fuel shortages as members of the Madhesi ethnic community continued to block the southern border with India in protest of the countryís new Constitution.
    (SFC, 11/10/15, p.A2)

2015        Nov 22, In southern Nepal police opened fire on ethnic protesters blocking the nation's main highway, killing 2 in overnight violence that threatened to escalate political tensions.
    (AP, 11/22/15)

2015        Nov 27, In Nepal tens of thousands of students held hands, waved banners and chanted slogans in Kathmandu to protest against a border blockade that has caused severe shortages of fuel and an increase in food prices.
    (AP, 11/27/15)

2015        Dec 16, Nepal's parliament approved new laws to allow the government to spend billions of dollars pledged by foreign donors on reconstruction for hundreds of thousands of people who lost their homes during a devastating earthquake earlier this year.
    (AP, 12/16/15)

2015        Dec 20, Police in southern Nepal opened fire on ethnic Madhesi protesters who were attempting to attack a police station, killing one. Ethnic Madhesis have been protesting for months against a new constitution, which they say unfairly divides the country into seven states with borders that cut through their ancestral homeland.
    (AP, 12/20/15)

2015        Dec 22, In Nepal a group of ethnic protesters rejected a proposal from the government to end months of conflict that has resulted in shortages of fuel and other supplies and the deaths of 50 people. The group said the proposal does not address their concerns and that the government was not serious about their demands.
    (AP, 12/22/15)

2016        Jan 16, Nepal officially launched the much-delayed reconstruction of about 1 million homes and buildings nearly nine months after they were damaged by devastating earthquake which killed 9,000 people.
    (AP, 1/16/16)

2016        Jan 21, In southern Nepal police fired on ethnic protesters, killing at least 3 and wounding eight, in fresh violence likely to trigger more trouble in the Himalayan nation facing severe shortages of fuel and other supplies because of the protests.
    (AP, 1/21/16)

2016        Feb 5, In Nepal vehicles passed through Birgunj, the main border town between Nepal and India, after frustrated local residents forcefully removed barriers set up by ethnic protesters who blockaded the border to demand changes in the new constitution.
    (AP, 2/5/16)

2016        Feb 8, In Nepal the United Democratic Madhesi Front said in a statement it would continue its protests but would no longer block the border points where crucial supplies come on cargo trucks from India.
    (AP, 2/8/16)

2016        Feb 20, India pledged $250 million for post-earthquake reconstruction in Nepal as the two countries try to heal strained ties following protests in Nepal over the country's new constitution.
    (AP, 2/20/16)

2016        Feb 23, Nepal said it has ended months-long fuel rationing after supply from India improved, following the end of a border blockade by ethnic protesters against a new constitution.
    (Reuters, 2/23/16)

2016        Feb 24, In central Nepal a small plane carrying 23 people crashed in bad weather into a mountain. All those aboard, including two foreigners, were confirmed dead.
    (AP, 2/24/16)

2016        Feb 26, In western Nepal a small plane with 11 people on board crashed in a mountainous region. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 2/26/16)

2016        Mar 23, China and Nepal said they have agreed to conclude a commercial deal on the supply of petroleum products from China to Nepal. This followed a visit to Beijing by Nepali PM K.P. Oli.
    (Reuters, 3/23/16)

2016        Apr 12, In eastern Nepal at least 22 people were killed when a bus slipped off a mountain gravel road and rolled down a hill.
    (AP, 4/12/16)

2016        Apr 25, Nepal's PM  Khadga Prasad Oli announced the start of reconstruction of key heritage sites in and around the capital that were damaged by an earthquake that killed nearly 9,000 people and devastated the country one year ago.
    (AP, 4/25/16)

2016        Apr 27, A member of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) said thousands of Nepali women are being trafficked every year as sex workers and bonded laborers, and China and South Korea are emerging as new destinations.
    (AP, 4/27/16)

2016        May 2, In northern India dozens of fires were spreading unpredictably in the states of Uttarakhand and neighboring Himachal Pradesh. Massive wildfires in the two states have killed at least seven people in recent weeks. The fires extended into Nepal where 11 people have died fighting fires across the country, the worst in six years.
    (AP, 5/2/16)(Reuters, 5/2/16)

2016        May 3, A Nepali official said Canadian Robert Penne, living and working in Nepal, has been ordered to leave the country within two days for criticizing the government on social media.
    (Reuters, 5/3/16)

2016        May 15, In Nepal Hundreds of minority ethnic group supporters scuffled with police in Kathmandu, restarting protests against the government and the Himalayan nation's new constitution.
    (AP, 5/15/16)

2016        May 16, In Nepal supporters of ethnic minority groups demanding changes in the new constitution clashed with police and blocked main streets near the prime minister's office, as their newly started protests entered their second day.
    (AP, 5/16/16)

2016        Jun 20, Nepalese police said they have arrested 53 people for allegedly working as doctors with fake credentials or false education certificates and that more suspects would be arrested this week as part of "Operation Quack." Another 17 had been arrested in February when authorities began the investigation.
    (AP, 6/20/16)
2016        Jun 20, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber killed 14 Nepalese security guards in an attack on their minibus in Kabul. A second Taliban bombing in Kabul killed a civilian and wounded five people. A bomb rigged to a motorbike killed 10 Afghan civilians during morning rush hour in a busy market in a province in the northeast.
    (AP, 6/20/16)

2016        Jul 13, Nepal's former Maoist rebels joined forces with the largest opposition party to lodge a motion of no-confidence in PM K.P. Oli, but the impoverished Himalayan country's increasingly isolated leader vowed to fight on.
    (Reuters, 7/13/16)

2016        Jul 27, A Nepalese home ministry official said flash floods and landslides swept through villages, killing at least 58 people over two days.
    (Reuters, 7/27/16)

2016        Jul 28, Nepalese authorities said flash floods and landslides have killed at least 68 people in the past three days with another 15 missing.
    (Reuters, 7/28/16)

2016        Aug 3, Nepal's parliament elected Maoist party leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal to lead a coalition government as the country's new prime minister, a move that will likely mean the continuation of political instability in the Himalayan nation.
    (AP, 8/3/16)

2016        Aug 19, In Nepal about a thousand members of sexual minorities and their supporters paraded in Kathmandu to demand equality and implementation of their rights under the country's new constitution.
    (AP, 8/19/16)

2016        Aug 26, In Nepal at least 20 people were killed and another 17 hurt when bus drove off a highway and plunged into the Trishuli river near Chandibhanjyang.
    (AP, 8/26/16)

2016        Oct 20, Nepal said it will allow its nationals to go to war-torn Afghanistan for work, ending an almost four-month ban imposed after 13 Nepali security guards were killed by a Taliban suicide bomber in the Afghan capital.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)

2016        Nov 15, Nepalese authorities said police have detained 41 Tibetans trying to cross the border into India, in a crackdown on people fleeing the disputed region where opposition to Chinese control persists.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 22, Nepal celebrated the restoration the Boudhanath stupa, one of the largest of its kind in the world and a major tourist attraction, a year and a half after a colossal earthquake destroyed hundreds of treasured historic sites.
    (AP, 11/22/16)

2016        Dec 28, In southwest Nepal a herd of elephants attacked a village, killing one person and wounding two others. The elephants attacked Praseni village at dawn, when there was not much light and poor visibility due to winter fog.
    (AP, 12/28/16)

2017        Mar 6, Nepali police shot and killed at least three ethnic Madhesis in the country's restive southern plains as they tried to disrupt an opposition rally organized by the Communist Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) party that opposes any change to the countryís post-monarchy charter.
    (Reuters, 3/6/17)

2017        Apr 6, Retired Pakistani Lt. Col. Mohammad Habib went missing after arriving in Nepal. Pakistani officials later said he was seized by Indian intelligence and that the abduction was aimed at pressuring Pakistan to release Kulbhushan Jadhav, an Indian naval officer convicted of espionage who was sentenced to death on April 10.
    (AP, 4/18/17)

2017        Apr 8, In southern Nepal a rare one-horned rhinoceros was found killed and horn cut off by poachers in the Chitwan National Forest.
    (AP, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 30, In Nepal experienced Swiss climber Ueli Steck (40) died after he fell in the Everest region during preparations to climb the world's highest mountain, the first to perish in the current climbing season.
    (Reuters, 4/30/17)(Econ 5/13/17, p.82)

2017        May 1, In Nepal Sushila Karki, the countryís first female Supreme Court chief justice, was suspended after an impeachment motion was filed in parliament accusing her of bias and interfering with executive powers.
    (AP, 5/1/17)

2017        May 6, In Nepal a local man (85) attempting to become the oldest to climb Mount Everest died at the base camp, the second climber to die in a week while preparing to climb the world's highest mountain.
    (Reuters, 5/6/17)

2017        May 14, Millions of Nepalese voted for representatives in municipal and village councils for the first time in two decades.
    (AP, 5/14/17)

2017        May 21, In Nepal American climber Roland Yearwood (50) died on Mount Everest. His death came a day after Indian climber Ravi Kumar (26) fell to his death in the same area during his descent from the peak. Slovak mountaineer Vladimir Strba also died. Australian climber Francesco Enrico Marchetti (54) also died on the Tibet side of the mountain after suffering from altitude sickness.
    (Reuters, 5/21/17)(AP, 5/21/17)(SFC, 5/22/17, p.A2)

2017        May 22, Nepal destroyed thousands of valuable animal skins and other parts seized from poachers on a giant bonfire in a symbolic gesture against the illegal wildlife trade. The bonfire was timed to coincide with International Day for Biological Diversity.
    (AFP, 5/22/17)

2017        May 24, Nepal's PM Pushpa Kamal Dahal announced his resignation so Sher Bahadur Deuba, the leader of his coalition partner party, can succeed him in line with an agreement between the two parties.
    (AP, 5/24/17)
2017        May 24, Nepali Sherpas found four climbers dead in their tents on Mount Everest, taking the death toll on the world's highest mountain to 10 in the past month. A day later Nepal said that the bodies were not of mountaineers from this year's climbing season.
    (Reuters, 5/24/17)(Reuters, 5/25/17)

2017        Jun 6, Nepal's parliament elected veteran politician Sher Bahadur Deuba as the country's 10th prime minister in 11 years. Deuba first became the prime minister in 1995 and ruled for two years. His second term was cut short by then King Gyanedra, who sacked him, calling him incompetent. During his third time, Gyanedra seized absolute power and removed him.
    (AP, 6/6/17)

2017        Jun 28, Millions of people in Nepal voted in the second phase of elections to choose municipal and village councils despite threats from ethnic groups that oppose the polls. Voting took place in three of seven provinces. Three other provinces held elections last month, and another will vote in September. Local elections are being held for the first time in two decades.
    (AP, 6/28/17)

2017        Jul 26, Nepal's prime minister added 19 new ministers to the Cabinet, giving some stability to his coalition government nearly two months after assuming office.
    (AP, 7/26/17)   

2017        Aug 8, In Nepal a parliamentary report released today said immigration officials at its international airport are colluding with traffickers to illegally send Nepali women to the Gulf where they are often exploited and abused.
    (AFP, 8/8/17)

2017        Aug 11, In Nepal seven South Asian and Southeast Asian nations (Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal) agreed to conclude early a free trade accord, implement the Paris agreement on climate change and step up cooperation among their security agencies to combat terrorism.
    (AP, 8/11/17)

2017        Aug 12, Nepalese authorities said flash floods and landslides triggered by heavy rains have left more than 30 people dead in the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 8/12/17)

2017        Aug 13, Nepalese authorities upgraded the death toll from flash flooding across the country to 49 as the water kept rising, forcing thousands to flee for higher ground. Another 17 remained missing.
    (AFP, 8/13/17)

2017        Aug 14, Officials said heavy monsoon rains have unleashed landslides and floods that killed at least 173 people in recent days and displaced millions more across Bangladesh, northern India and southern Nepal.
    (AP, 8/14/17)   

2017        Aug 15, Officials said the death toll in flooding and landslides that devastated parts of Bangladesh, northern India and southern Nepal over the past few days has risen to 245, while millions of others have been displaced.
    (AP, 8/15/17)

2017        Aug 19, Officials said the death toll in flooding and landslides that devastated parts of Bangladesh, northern India and southern Nepal over the last week has risen to 600, while millions of others have been displaced.
    (AFP, 8/19/17)

2017        Aug 24, Officials said more than 950 people have been killed in floods triggered by seasonal monsoon rains in Bangladesh, India and Nepal.
    (SFC, 8/25/17, p.A4)

2017        Sep 28, In Nepal 3-year-old Trishna Shakya became the country's new living goddess, revered by both Hindus and Buddhists in the Himalayan nation.
    (AP, 9/28/17)

2017        Oct 28, In Nepal a passenger bus heading toward Kathmandu veered off a key highway early today, killing at least 31 people and injuring 15.
    (AP, 10/28/17)

2017        Nov 26, In Nepal residents of mountain villages and foothill towns voted in the countryís first provincial polls, with the hope of bringing government closer to the Himalayan nation's rural and remote areas.
    (AP, 11/26/17)
2017        Nov 26, A Nepali government official said a state-owned power company will develop the Himalayan country's biggest hydroelectric plant after the government scrapped a deal with a Chinese company.
    (Reuters, 11/26/17)

2017        Dec 7, In southern Nepal millions of people voted in the final phase of mostly peaceful elections for members of national and provincial assemblies.
    (AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 10, Former Nepali prime minister K.P. Oli looked set for a return to power after winning his seat in parliament and his Communist UML party and Maoist allies on course to win a majority. Final election results were expected to take about a week.
    (Reuters, 12/10/17)

2017        Dec 28, Nepalís cabinet endorsed a revision to the Himalayan nation's mountaineering regulations, banning solo climbers from its mountains in a bid to reduce accidents.
    (AFP, 12/30/17)

2018        Feb 5, In Nepal a visiting UN rights official said Nepal's restrictions on woman migrating for work are discriminatory and inconsistent with international law. Nepal last year introduced a ban on women working as domestic helpers in the Gulf.
    (AFP, 2/5/18)

2018        Mar 12, In Nepal a Bombardier Q400 series aircraft carrying 71 people from Bangladesh swerved erratically and flew dangerously low before crashing and erupting in flames as it landed in Kathmandu, killing 49 people. 22 people survived.
    (AP, 3/12/18)(Reuters, 3/13/18)

2018        Mar 13, Nepal's President, Bidhya Devi Bhandari was elected to a second term in voting by national and provincial lawmakers. She was first elected in 2015 as the nation's first female president, a largely ceremonial role.
    (AP, 3/13/18)

2018        Apr 7, India agreed to construct a rail link to Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, and to open up inland waterways in the landlocked Himalayan nation. Analysts said the latest Indian move was spurred by China's expansive infrastructure projects in Nepal as both Asian giants jostle for influence.
    (Reuters, 4/7/18)

2018        Apr, In Nepal prominent Canadian aid worker Peter Dalglish (60) was arrested at his mountain villa and charged with sexually abusing children.
    (AP, 5/14/18)

2018        May 14, Australian Steve Plain (36) became the fastest climber to scale the highest peaks in seven continents, taking 117 days for a feat popularly called the "Seven Summits", after he scaled Mount Everest.
    (Reuters, 5/15/18)

2018        May 16, Nepal's veteran Sherpa guide Kami Rita (48) scaled Mount Everest for the 22nd time, setting a record for the most climbs of the world's highest mountain. Female Sherpa Lhakpa Sherpa (44) made it to the summit for the ninth time, shattering her own record for the most climbs by a woman.
    (AP, 5/16/18)

2018        May 20, In Nepal Macedonian climber Gjeorgi Petkov (63).died while attempting to scale Mount Everest.
    (AP, 5/21/18)

2018        May 21, In Nepal Japanese climber Nobukazu Kuriki (35) died while attempting to scale Mount Everest.
    (AP, 5/21/18)

2018        Jul 6, In Nepal a truck carrying construction workers fell off a mountain road, killing at least 18 people and injuring 14 others.
    (AP, 7/6/18)

2018        Aug 6, Nepalese officials issued warnings of the risk of more landslides and flash floods due to torrential rain after a landslide over the weekend killed a woman and at least seven children.
    (Reuters, 8/6/18)

2018        Aug 24, In Nepal one person was killed and dozens injured when police opened fire on protesters demanding action over the rape and murder of a 13-year-old girl. Schoolgirl Nirmala Panta went missing in late July and her body was found the following day in a sugar-cane field.
    (AFP, 8/25/18)

2018        Aug  30, In Nepal a two-day summit of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation began in Kathmandu. Leaders of seven South and Southeast Asian nations (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand) met to discuss regional trade, economic cooperation, security and peace.
    (AP, 8/30/18)

2018        Aug 31, In Nepal an agreement to study the feasibility of a rail line linking India and Nepal was signed by officials during a meeting between Nepal's PM K.P. Sharma Oli and Indian premier Narendra Modi on the sidelines of a regional summit of seven South and East Asian countries.
    (Reuters, 8/31/18)

2018        Sep 8, In Nepal a helicopter flying in bad weather crashed in mountainous terrain, killing five of the seven people on board and left one person missing.
    (AP, 9/8/18)

2018        Oct 12, It was reported that animal-rights in Nepal campaigned to reduce animal slaughter as the 15-day Dasain festival began this week. Traditionally tens of thousands of goats, buffaloes, chickens and ducks are sacrificed to please the gods and goddesses as part of a practice that dates back centuries.
    (AP, 10/12/18)
2018        Oct 12, In Nepal seven people, including South Korean climbers, were killed and two more left missing on Gurja Himal mountain after a strong storm swept through their base camp.
    (AP, 10/13/18)

2018        Oct 14, Nepalese officials said local internet providers have begun blocking thousands of pornographic websites as part of a government directive aimed at stopping sexual violence.
    (AP, 10/14/18)
2018        Oct 14, Rescuers In Nepal retrieved the bodies of five South Korean climbers and their four Nepalese guides from Gurja Himal mountain, where they were killed when their base camp was swept by a strong storm on Oct. 12.
    (AP, 10/14/18)

2018        Nov 22, In Nepal a bus packed with people returning from a village fair drove off a mountain highway, killing 16 people and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 11/22/18)

2018        Dec 5, Young Nepalis created a map of the Dead Sea with used plastic bags in a bid to set a new international record and raise awareness about the vast volumes polluting the world's oceans.
    (AFP, 12/5/18)

2018        Dec 19, It was reported that Nepal's government has stopped eight Italian contractors from leaving the Himalayan country in an effort to complete a critical but much delayed water supply project for the capital.
    (AP, 12/19/18)

2019        Jan 9, Nepal and Japan agreed to allow state-run Nepal Airlines to resume flights between the two Asian nations at the beginning of a two-day visit to Nepal by Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono.
    (AP, 1/9/19)
2019        Jan 9, In Nepal a woman (35) and her sons were found dead by family and villagers in a small hut next to their family home due to suspected smoke inhalation. A local tradition exiled women from their homes and forced to live in huts during menstruation.
    (AP, 1/10/19)

2019        Feb 4, A report by the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development said that one-third of Himalayan glaciers will melt by the end of the century due to climate change, threatening water sources for 1.9 billion people, even if current efforts to reduce climate change succeed.
    (AP, 2/5/19)

2019        Feb 23, In Nepal an explosion outside a telecommunication company in Kathmandu killed one person and injured two others.
    (AP, 2/23/19)

2019        Feb 27, In Nepal a helicopter flying in bad weather crashed into a mountain, killing all seven people on board.
    (AP, 2/27/19)

2019        Mar 5, It was reported that Nepal has chosen a railway-track gauge used by China for its network and not the main one India uses citing lower costs, a setback for India as it tries to limit Chinese involvement in the Himalayan country.
    (Reuters, 3/5/19)

2019        Mar 31, In southern Nepal a powerful rainstorm killed at least 28 people and injured hundreds in a farming region in Bara and Parsa districts.
    (AP, 4/1/19)

2019        Apr 14, In Nepal a small plane operated by a private airline hit a parked helicopter while preparing to take off in a mountainous area near Mount Everest, killing three people including a co-pilot at Tenzing Hillary Airport at Lukla.
    (Reuters, 4/14/19)

2019        May 15, Nepalese Sherpa climber Kami Rita scaled Mount Everest for a 23rd time, breaking his own record for the most successful ascents of the world's highest peak.
    (AP, 5/15/19)

2019        May 16, In Nepal two Indian climbers died overnight near the summit of Mount Kanchenjunga and a Chilean mountaineer was missing on the world's third highest mountain.
    (AFP, 5/16/19)

2019        May 19, In Nepal rescuers recovered the bodies of Biplab Baidya and Kuntal Kanrar, two Indian climbers who died on the world's third-tallest peak this past week, and flew them to Kathmandu.
    (AP, 5/19/19)

2019        May 21, In Nepal nine people in two families were found slain overnight by masked assailants in their homes in the remote Miklajung mountain village.
    (AP, 5/21/19)
2019        May 21, Sherpa mountaineer extended his record for successful climbs of Mount Everest with his 24th ascent of the world's highest peak. Kami Rita reached the 8,850-meter (29,035-foot) peak, which was his second time on the summit in a week.
    (AP, 5/21/19)

2019        May 24, In Nepal a traffic jam of climbers in the Everest "death zone" was blamed for two of four new deaths reported today, heightening concerns that the drive for profits is trumping safety on the world's highest peak.
    (AFP, 5/24/19)

2019        May 25, British climber Robin Haynes Fisher (44), too weak to descend from Mount Everest, died. He was the eighth climber to die on the worldís tallest mountain and the 18th in Nepal's Himalayas during the current climbing season.
    (Reuters, 5/25/19)

2019        May 26, In Nepal series of explosions killed four people and wounded seven more in Kathmandu.
    (AP, 5/27/19)

2019        Jun 4, A US scientist said Mount Everest and its surrounding peaks are increasingly polluted and warmer, and nearby glaciers are melting at an alarming rate that is likely to make it more dangerous for future climbers.
    (AP, 6/4/19)

2019        Jun 5, Officials in Nepal said a government expedition to Mount Everest has removed 11,000 kg (24,200 pounds) of garbage and four dead bodies from the world's highest mountain.
    (AP, 6/5/19)

2019        Jun 10, In Nepal Peter John Dalglish (62), a former high-profile UN humanitarian worker from Canada, was found guilty by a court of sexually abusing two boys and is due to be sentenced next month. On July 9 he was sentenced to nine years in prison.
    (AFP, 6/11/19)(SFC, 7/10/19, p.A2)

2019        Jun 19, In Nepal thousands of people gathered in Kathmandu to protest proposed legislation that would allow the government to nationalize centuries-old community and religious trusts responsible for organizing festivals and ceremonies.
    (AP, 6/19/19)

2019        Jul 14, The death toll in Nepal from flash floods and landslides in the past three days rose to 55, with dozens missing and injured.
    (Reuters, 7/14/19)

2019        Jul 15, Police in Nepal said that 67 people had died as a result of the monsoonal rains that began last week.
    (SFC, 7/16/19, p.A2)

2019        Jul 20, Officials said the death toll from south Asian monsoon rains has hit 164 with 90 people dead in Nepal, 62 in India's Assam state and 12 in Bangladesh.
    (SSFC, 7/21/19, p.A2)

2019        Aug 19, In Nepal demonstrators rallied in Kathmandu against plans to cut down millions of trees to build an int'l. airport in the southern part of the country.
    (SFC, 8/20/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 12, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in Nepal on a state visit for talks with Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli and both sides are expected to sign a deal expanding a railway link between the Himalayan nation and Tibet.
    (AP, 10/12/19)

2019        Oct 13, In Nepal Chinese President Xi Jinping wound up two days of meetings with separate deals for a rail link to Tibet and a tunnel.
    (Reuters, 10/13/19)

2019        Nov 1, The US Department of Homeland Security announced it is extending temporary protected status coverage for migrants from El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua and Sudan through Jan. 4, 2021.
    (AP, 11/1/19)

2019        Nov 27, In Nepal a bus driver lost control of his vehicle in Narpani. 18 people were killed and 13 others injured.
    (SFC, 11/28/19, p.A2)

2019        Dec 15, In Nepal a bus carrying Hindu pilgrims crashed after visiting the famed Hindu Kalinchowk Bhagwati temple. 14 people were reported killed and 18 injured.
    (SFC, 12/16/19, p.A2)

2019        Dec 24, Nepalese officials said police have detained 122 Chinese nationals in their biggest crackdown on crime by foreigners entering the country on tourist visas. The Chinese were suspected of carrying out cyber crime and hacking into bank cash machines.
    (The Telegraph, 12/24/19)

2020        Jan 17, Seven trekkers, including four South Koreans, went missing in Nepal's northwest Himalayan region after an avalanche hit their trail.
    (Reuters, 1/18/20)

2020        Feb 3, It was reported that Nepal will count LGBT+ people for the first time in its next census, scheduled for June 2021, a move that campaigners said could help sexual minorities gain better access to education and health schemes.
    (Reuters, 2/3/20)

2020        Feb 11, Nepali officials said millions of its citizens who work overseas will be given mandatory safety training before departure. About 1,000 out of an estimated 4 million Nepali migrants die abroad each year, mainly in Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Malaysia where most work as domestics and in construction.
    (Reuters, 2/11/20)

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