Timeline Nauru

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A Pacific island republic of about 8 square miles near the equator and west of the Gilbert Islands. The population in 2003 was about 12,000.
    (WUD, 1994, p.953)(WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A4)

1000BC    Nauru was first inhabited about this time, originally by 12 Polynesian and Micronesian tribes. Its nearest neighbor, Kiribati, is 300km of empty ocean away.

1968        Nauru gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)

1971        Australia joined with New Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006, associate members territories are New Caledonia and French Polynesia. In 2011 Guam, the Northern Marianas and American Samoa became associate members.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Islands_Forum)(Econ., 2/13/21, p.41)

1998        Nov 15, Nauru registered to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There remained 3 years worth of phosphate to be mined on the island which grappled with 3 major crises: rising water from world-wide global warming, a 3rd year of draught, and a $100 million investment fund that was put into the Asian real-estate market.
    (WSJ, 11/16/98, p.B7C)

1998        Transpacific Development signed an exclusive "confidential agreement" with Nauru to establish an investment program for foreign investors to become investors in the economy and citizens of the Republic of Nauru.
    (WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A4)

2001        Aug 31, Ministers of New Zealand and Nauru announced that they would take the Afghanistan asylum seekers stranded in Australian waters.
    (SFC, 9/1/01, p.A6)

2002        US Sec. of State Colin Powell sent a letter to Nauru condemning the sale of passports.
    (WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A4)

2003          Mar 9, Nauru's Pres. Bernard Dowiyogo (57), known as a pragmatic leader of the environmentally devastated South Pacific island, died in Washington DC. He signed an executive order as he lay dying, at the behest of US officials, ending the Nauru offshore banking system and its economic-citizenship program.
    (AP, 3/10/03)(WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A4)

2008        Jan 8, Naurus foreign minister said Australia's plans to close a much-criticized detention center for asylum seekers on Nauru will devastate its economy.
    (AFP, 1/8/08)

2008        Feb 8, Australia's widely criticized "Pacific Solution" policy of holding asylum seekers on remote islands ended when the last detainees flew out of Nauru to live in Australia.
    (AFP, 2/8/08)

2009        Dec 15, The tiny Pacific island of Nauru recognized the rebel Black Sea region of Abkhazia, throwing its weight behind a Russian drive to win international recognition for Georgia's breakaway territories.
    (Reuters, 12/15/09)

2011        Nauru defaulted on sovereign bonds issued on the Japanese stock market. Firebird, a New York-based hedge fund that mainly specializes in investments in overseas equities, sued Nauru in a Japanese court and obtained an order against the nation for the equivalent of 16 million USD.

2012        Aug 13, Australia's PM Gillard announced a sharp reversal in her government's policy on asylum seekers, saying it will introduce legislation allowing their deportation to the poor Pacific nations of Papua New Guinea and Nauru to face lengthy stays in detention camps.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)

2013        Aug 3, Australias PM Kevin Rudd and the President of Nauru, Baron Waqa, signed a memorandum of understanding providing for asylum seekers arriving by boat to be sent to Nauru where they can opt for resettlement after their claims for refugee status are processed.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)

2014        Jan 8, Nauru, the tiny Pacific island that hosts a controversial Australian immigration detention centre, was reported to be hiking visa costs for foreign journalists by 40 times, fuelling concerns over secrecy surrounding Australia's asylum seeker policy.
    (Reuters, 1/8/14)

2014        Jan 19, The Nauru government deported Peter Law, its Australian resident magistrate, and barred its Australian chief justice, Geoffrey Eames, from re-entering the country.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.34)

2014        Aug 2, Australia officials said some 157 asylum-seekers, thought to be mostly ethnic Tamils from Sri Lanka and detained at sea for weeks, have been sent to the island of Nauru after rejecting a return to India.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)

2014        Sep 26, Australia and Cambodia signed an agreement for asylum-seekers, who are refused residency in Australia and currently held in Nauru, to instead be resettled to Cambodia criticized for its deteriorating human rights record.
    (AP, 9/26/14)(Econ, 10/4/14, p.48)

2014        Oct 3, Australias government said it will investigate sexual abuse claims at its refugee detention center on Nauru, while removing 10 aid workers from the South Pacific island following reports of coaching detainees to commit self-harm protests.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)

2014        The population of Nauru was about 9,400 spread over 21 sq. km.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.34)

2015        Sep, New Zealand suspended its aid to Naurus judicial sector.
    (Econ, 9/12/15, p.39)

2016        May 6, A Papua New Guinea court ruled that a pregnant African woman, who says she was raped at an Australia detention center for asylum seekers on the tiny South Pacific island of Nauru, cannot be forced to have an abortion in Papua New Guinea because it is unsafe and illegal.
    (Reuters, 5/7/16)

2016        Jul 9, The Pacific island of Nauru held elections, with international observers invited to monitor the polls for the first time in more than a decade after criticism over human rights in the world's smallest republic. 67 candidates vied for support from just under 8,000 registered voters for the 19 seats in parliament.
    (Reuters, 7/9/16)

2016        Nov, The Obama administration agreed to accept up to 1,250 refugees held at Nauru, who have been refused entry to Australia. Most of the refugees were from Afghanistan, Iran and Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 2/10/17, p.A2)

2017        Feb 9, An Australian minister said US officials have stopped screening refugees on Nauru for potential resettlement in the US, but will return for extreme vetting, a process called for by Pres. Trump but not yet defined.
    (SFC, 2/10/17, p.A2)

2018        Sep 4, Nauru hosted the Pacific Islands Forum, which is being attended this week by leaders from 18 member nations and delegations from other countries including the US and China.
    (AP, 9/4/18)

2018        Sep 8, It was reported that Nauru has effectively kept journalists away by charging $5,750 to apply for media visas.
    (SFC, 9/8/18, p.A3)

2018        Oct 27, In Australia protesters rallied in Sydney and Melbourne calling for an end to the country's controversial South Pacific detention centers which house refugees who try to reach Australia by boat. Particular focus was directed toward the wellbeing of children on the tiny island nation of Nauru. More than 1,400 people are being held on the Australian-run detention centers on Nauru and Papua New Guinea, some for years.
    (Reuters, 10/27/18)

2018        Nov 1, Australia said it aims to remove all asylum seeker children from Nauru within two months as concerns escalate about their deteriorating health after languishing on the tiny Pacific atoll nation for up to five years.
    (AP, 11/1/18)

2019        Feb 3, Australia announced that the last four child refugees held on the Pacific atoll of Nauru will soon be sent to the United States, ending the banishment of children under the government's harsh asylum-seeker policy.
    (AP, 2/3/19)

2019        Feb 15, The Pacific island nation of Nauru posted a new rule not allowing doctors to remotely recommend the medical transfer of asylum seekers to Australia. The new rule could thwart an easing of Australia's hardline immigration policy.
    (AP, 2/19/19)

2019        Aug 24, Nauru President Baron Waqa was voted out of office in the tiny South Pacific island nation after six years in power.
    (Reuters, 8/25/19)

2019        Dec 4, Australia's conservative government repealed a contentious law that allowed ill asylum-seekers languishing in Papua New Guinea and on Nauru to travel to the country for medical treatment. More than 460 people remain in limbo in Papua New Guinea and Nauru.
    (AP, 12/4/19)

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