100-1BC A Roman fortified citadel was built about
this time. It may have protected a town occupied by a late-era
(SFC, 1/28/97, p.A5)
1504 Jul 12, Steven the Great
(b.1433), Stefan Chel Mare, Prince of the Principality of Moldavia
(1457-1504), died. He had waged battles against the Turks in the
14th century and became a national hero. Stephen III was buried in
the village of Kobynya. In 2000 a 600-year-old oak tree that marked
his grave was killed by a cold snap and high winds.
1812 Russia acquired
Bessarabia, the north eastern part of the original principality of
Moldavia, in the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812).
1903 Apr, Russia instigated a
Jewish pogrom in Kishinev. 49 people died and some 600 were
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1905 More anti-Jewish pogroms
swept the province of Bessarabia.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1907 Mar 31, Romanian Army put
down a Moldavian farmers' revolt.
1918 An attempt to establish a
Moldovan Soviet failed and Romanian troops occupied the province.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1922 A law was passed that
halved the number of Jewish schools.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1924 The Bolsheviks formed the
Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), aka
Transdniestria, as a basis for later taking over a chunk of Romania.
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)
1938 A law was passed that
deprived Jewish heads of household of their civil rights.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1939 Aug 23, German Foreign
Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Commissar for Foreign
Affairs Vyacheslav M. Molotov signed a Treaty of Non-Aggression, the
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact freeing Hitler to invade Poland and Stalin
to invade Finland. Secret protocols, made public years later, were
added that assigned Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Bessarabia to be
within the Soviet sphere of influence. Poland was partitioned along
the rivers Narev, Vistula and San. Germany retained Lithuania
enlarged by the inclusion of Vilnius. Just days after the signing,
Germany invaded Poland, and by the end of September, both powers had
claimed sections of Poland. World War II and Hitler's invasion of
the Soviet Union were just around the corner.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A16)(DrEE, 9/28/96, p.3)(DrEE,
10/26/96, p.4)(AP, 8/23/97) (HNPD, 8/22/98)(HN, 8/23/98)
1940 Jun 26, The Soviet Union
delivered an ultimatum to Romania and 2 days later occupied
Bessarabia and North Bukovina.
1940 Moldova was formed from
the former Republic of Moldavia and the ceded Romanian territory of
(WUD, 1994 p.922)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.60)
1941 Jun 13, Thousands of
Jewish community leaders in Bessarabia (Moldova) were deported to
Siberia as part of the general purge. The Soviet Union, which had
occupied the former Romanian province a year earlier, loaded 22,600
Moldovans on cargo trains bound for Siberia, where the deportees
were used for forced labor.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)(AP, 6/13/06)
1941 Jul 23, German and
Romanian troops reoccupied Moldova as part of Operation Barbarossa.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1941 Jul, The 16,000 sq. mile
area of the Ukraine named Transnistria was granted by Hitler to the
Romanian dictator Ion Antonescu for Romania’s participation in the
war against the soviet Union. Jews from Bessarabia, Bukovina and
Moldova were transferred here and many thousands were murdered from
1941-1944 by the Romanian Gendarmeric, the Einsatrzgruppe D,
Ukrainian police and Sonderkommando R.
(WSJ, 7/30/97, p.A15)
1941 Oct 8, The Romanian
government gave the order to deport 11,000 Jews remaining in
Kishinev across the Dniester to Rybnitsa and into Nazi hands.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1941-1945 Some 148,000 Bessarabian Jews were
killed in Rybnitsa and other ghettos and concentration camps on the
East bank of the Dniester during the Nazi occupation.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1941-1945 In 2000 Radu Ioanid authored "The
Holocaust In Romania," which described how 250,000 people died under
Ion Antonescu. 25,000 Gypsies were deported to Transnistria (later
in the Ukraine), of whom 1,500 died.
(WSJ, 1/19/00, p.A20)
1944 Jul 20, The death march of
1,200 Jews from Lipcani, Moldavia, began.
1944 The Soviet army
re-conquered Bessarabia. Only then were the two parts of present-day
Moldova joined together to form the Moldavian SSR. At the same time,
about one-third of Bessarabia, including its entire Black Sea
coastline, was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. The
Transdniester region, having long been part of the Russian Empire
and then the Soviet Union, remained more Russified and Sovietized
than Right-Bank Moldavia.
1944 Aug 6, All 1,200 Jewish
death marchers from Lipcani, Moldavia, died by this date.
1949-1951 In Moldova SSR 2 waves of deportations
were carried out, with some 40,000 Moldovans sent to Siberia and
what is now Kazakhstan.
1990 Sep, Transdniestria
declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite
with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
1991 Aug 27, Moldova (Moldavia)
declared independence from USSR.
1991 The population of Moldova
was about 4.3 million. By 2015 it was believed to be under 3
(Econ, 11/21/15, p.51)
1992 Feb 14, The former Soviet
republics of Ukraine, Moldova and Azerbaijan rejected a proposal for
a unified army, sharply rebuffing Russian President Boris N.
1992 Russian reactionaries
fought against the Soviet breakup and repulsed Moldova’s bid to hold
on to Transdniestria. A civil war with Moldova left up to 700 people
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.52)(SSFC,
1992 Andrei Ivantoc, a member
of the Popular Moldovan Front, was arrested by separatist
authorities of Trans-Dniester. A year later he and the three
others were sentenced on charges of committing terrorist acts
against citizens of Trans-Dniester. The Popular Moldovan Front
called for the reunification of Moldova with neighboring Romania.
The group's members were seen as martyrs by some in Moldova and
Romania for their opposition to the separatists. Ivantoc was
released in 2007.
1992-1994 Russia's Alexander Lebed commanded
troops in Moldova’s break-away region of Trans-Dniester, where
ethnic conflict rose between the Moldovan government and Slav
separatists. He ended the bloodshed there.
(SFC, 10/18/96, A18)
1996 Pres. Mircea Snegur and
Parliament Speaker Petru Lucinschi went into 2nd round elections.
Voters seemed to seek a diminished relationship with Russia and
closer ties with Romania.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.A14)
1996 Dec 2, Petru Lucinschi, a
top Communist official in Soviet days, beat incumbent Mircea Snegur
53% to 47%.
(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)
1997 Jul 25, It was reported
that American led teams rewritten the tax laws, launched a stock
market, and helped break up farm collectives formed under the Stalin
(WSJ, 7/25/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct, The US purchased 21
MiG-29 aircraft from Moldova for $40-50 million, in order to keep
the planes out of the hands of Iran. In 2005 Moldova arrested
Valeriu Pasat, former defense minister (1997-1999), on suspicion of
pocketing $10 million during the sale of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets.
(SFC,11/5/97, p.A5)(WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
1997 Former Soviet republics
(Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova) formed Guuam
to seek cooperation outside Russian influence.
(WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)
1998 Mar 22, Elections were
held and the Communist party received about 30% of the vote.
Political parties scrambled to form a coalition to keep the
Communists out of power.
(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A14)
1998 Mar, Ion Ciubuc was
appointed prime minister.
(SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)
1999 Feb 1, Ion Ciubuc
announced his resignation as prime minister. He blamed parliament
and the ruling coalition for not supporting his efforts to implement
(SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)
1999 Nov, The government of Ion
Sturza was dismissed amid accusations of corruption and
mismanagement of the economy.
(SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)
1999 Dec 15, Russia cut off
natural gas deliveries due to a debt of $600 million.
(SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)
2001 Feb 25, In Moldova
Communists made strong gains in parliamentary elections. They won
70% of the seats and would name the next president.
(WSJ, 2/26/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/27/01, p.A1)
2001 In Moldova Vladimir
Voronin, a former baker and member of the Communist Party, was
elected president. He stepped down after serving the maximum two
2001 Moldova passed its 1st
laws against sex trafficking.
(SFC, 6/24/04, p.W1)
2003 May 25, In Moldova the
Communist Party consolidated its hold on power in this former Soviet
republic, winning over 47 percent of contested posts for mayor and
other municipal offices. The Communists, who came to power in 2001,
were led by Pres. Vladimir Voronin.
2003 Dec 8, Russian military
documents confirmed that dozens of rockets outfitted with dirty
bombs appeared to be missing from the military airport at Tiraspol,
the capital of Transdniestria.
(SFC, 12/9/03, p.A13)
2003 Dec 27, Russia removed all
Soviet-built anti-aircraft missiles from its vast arms depots in a
Moldova province to prevent them from falling into the hands of
terrorists. The missiles were flown from Transdniestria Province to
2003 Moldova Pres. Voronin
rejected a deal on Transdniestra that would have left Russian troops
on Moldovan soil for at least 15 years while giving the breakaway
region wide autonomy.
(WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)
2003 Moldova passed laws
against sex trafficking with minimum prison sentences. An estimated
200-400 thousand Moldovan women and girls had been lured to foreign
countries by sex traffickers since the mid 1990s.
(SFC, 6/24/04, p.W1)
2004 Dec, Moldovan Foreign
Minister Andrei Stratan called 1,500 Russian troops in Transdniestra
a “military occupation."
(WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)
2005 Mar 6, Moldova held
national elections. Nine special stations were opened near the
border with Trans-Dniester so the separatist region's 700,000
residents can vote. Trans-Dniester authorities have refused to allow
any polling stations on their territory. The governing pro-Western
Communists won a parliamentary majority, but fell short of taking
enough seats to re-elect President Vladimir Voronin.
(AP, 3/6/05)(AP, 3/7/05)
2005 Mar 11, Moldova arrested
Valeriu Pasat, former defense minister, on suspicion of pocketing
$10 million during the 1997 sale of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets to the
(WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
2005 May 12, Austrian
authorities reported the break up a major human trafficking ring led
by Romanian, Moldovan and Ukrainian criminals who smuggled more than
5,000 East Europeans to the West, many enduring horrific conditions
in tiny hiding spaces in cars, trucks and trailers.
2006 Apr 6, It was reported
that Russian health and sanitary officials had imposed a ban on
Georgian and Moldovan wines effective May 1. Authorities said the
wines contained pesticides and heavy metals. The ban was soon
extended to brandy and sparkling wines.
2006 Jul 6, In Moldova an
explosion ripped apart a small bus in Tiraspol, capital of the
separatist region of Trans-Dniester, killing eight people and
injuring 46. The blast was caused by a bomb carried onboard by a
passenger. Transdniestrian politicians blamed Moldovan provocateurs.
(AP, 7/8/06)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.48)
2006 Sep 17, Voters in
Moldova's breakaway Trans-Dniester region overwhelmingly approved a
referendum for the separatist government's bid to eventually join
2006 Oct 16, In Moldova an
appeals court overturned a guilty verdict against the former defense
minister, clearing him of charges he sold 21 fighter planes too
cheaply to the US. Valeriu Pasat, who was defense minister from 1997
to 1999 and head of the country's spy services from 1999 to 2002,
claimed the case against him was politically motivated because of
his support for a movement opposed to Communist President Vladimir
2006 Nov 28, Russia’s Pres.
Putin said the ban on Moldovan wine and meat products would be
lifted, a move that appeared to be aimed at easing Moscow's entry
into the WTO. Putin also said Russia and Moldova would resume a
dialogue aimed at resolving Moldova's conflict with Trans-Dniester.
2007 Jul 9, An appeals court
freed Moldova's former defense minister, overturning his conviction
for abusing his position in the 1997 sale of 21 fighter planes to
the United States.
2007 Dec 16, Russian
authorities expelled a Moldovan journalist critical of the Kremlin
in a move condemned by media watchdogs.
2008 Apr 11, In Moldova a
Sudanese-owned transport plane laden with fuel crashed shortly after
takeoff from an airport near the capital and burst into flames,
killing all 8 people on board.
2008 Aug 5, The UN said heavy
rains and storms have led to some of the worst floods in 40 years in
parts of Ukraine, Moldova and Romania since July 22, causing great
damage to homes, infrastructure and farmland. In Ukraine, 34 people
have been killed in the west of the country along the Dnestr and
Prut rivers; in Moldova, three people are reported to have drowned
in the capital Chisinau; in Romania five people have been killed.
2008 Aug 25, Russia's
parliament voted unanimously to urge the president to recognize the
independence of Georgia's two breakaway regions, a move likely to
stoke further tensions between Moscow and the small Caucasus
nation's Western allies. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev warned
ex-Soviet Moldova against repeating Georgia's mistake of trying to
use force to seize back control of Transdniestria, a pro-Moscow
(AP, 8/25/08)(Reuters, 8/25/08)
2009 Jan 18, Moldovan poet
Grigore Vieru (b.1935) died in a car crash. He was admired for his
courage in promoting Romanian, the country's native language, when
Moldova was a Soviet republic. In the 1970s, he wrote "The Little
Bee," Moldova's first Romanian-language school manual for young
2009 Apr 5, In Moldova the
Communist Party won re-election under alleged ballot rigging. The
Communists, in power since 2001, won about 50% of the vote in what
international observers said was a fair election. With a population
of 4.1 million, Moldova was one of Europe's poorest nations with an
average monthly salary of $350. Last year Moldovans abroad sent home
$1.6 billion, roughly the same amount as the state budget.
(AP, 4/7/09)(Econ, 4/18/09, p.58)
2009 Apr 7, In Moldova
anti-communist protesters stormed the Parliament, hurling computers
through shattered windows and setting fire to furniture in a violent
demonstration against what they said were fraudulent elections. 3
people were left dead and hundreds were detained.
(AP, 4/7/09)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.46)
2009 May 7, The European Union
extended its hand to former Soviet republics, holding a summit to
draw them closer into the EU orbit despite Russia's deep misgivings.
Presidents, premiers and their deputies from 33 nations signed an
agreement meant to extend the EU's political and economic ties. The
six ex-Soviet republics to whom the “eastern partnership" would
apply are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and
(AP, 5/7/09)(Econ, 1/10/15, p.49)
2009 May 12, Vladimir Voronin
(68), Moldova's former president, was voted head of parliament by
his Communist Party colleagues. Three opposition parties boycotted
the ballot, claiming the country's April 5 election was rigged.
2009 Jun 3, Moldovan lawmakers
failed for a second time to elect a president, meaning the
Parliament elected in April will be dissolved and a new election
will be held this summer.
2009 Jun 16, The US added six
African countries to a blacklist of countries trafficking in people,
and put US trading partner Malaysia back on the list. Chad, Eritrea,
Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to the list in
the annual report. Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria,
2009 Jul 29, Moldova held
elections. At least three people were killed and hundreds of others
arrested after protesters, some of whom used the social network
Twitter to organize after cell phone networks went down, stormed
parliament and the president's office. With 98% of the vote counted,
the four opposition parties had 50.9 percent to the Communists'
45.1%. A pro-European alliance of four parties won the most seats in
the 101-seat parliament but fell short of the 61 votes necessary to
elect a president.
(AP, 7/29/09)(AP, 7/30/09)(AP, 11/28/10)
2009 Aug 8, In Moldova the four
pro-Western parties that upset the Communists in recent elections
agreed on a coalition deal to form a new government.
2010 Feb 3, Ukraine's security
service said 5 Russian FSB agents were detained last month after
being caught trying to obtain confidential military information from
a Ukrainian citizen. The FSB said the Ukrainian citizen its agents
were working with had himself been apprehended in November while
allegedly spying on neighboring Moldova's Moscow-backed breakaway
2010 Jun 20, Moldova
authorities detained 2 former policemen and another person on
suspicion of trying to sell four pounds (nearly two kg) of uranium
on the black market, but it was unclear if this was enough for a
"dirty bomb." The uranium-238 had a value of euro9 million ($11.35
million). This was not made public until Aug 25.
2010 Sep 12, An Egyptian
security official said 16 Russians and Moldovans, who killed an
Egyptian smuggler, have handed themselves over to police. Some of
the would-be migrants to Israel attacked and fatally stabbed
smuggler Massud Salim (31) after he attempted to rape one of the
female members of the group.
2010 Nov 28, Voters in Moldova,
Europe's poorest nation, tried to break a political deadlock that
has kept it without a functioning government for more than a year.
The governing pro-Europe alliance led the opposition Communists in
early election results, but it was not clear if the coalition would
win enough legislative seats to end the country's year-long
(AP, 11/28/10)(AP, 11/29/10)
2010 Dec 10, A Moldova court
ordered a recount in the inconclusive national election after the
Communist Party complained of "massive irregularities" in the Nov 28
2011 Mar 11, In Moldova US Vice
President Joe Biden urged the government to fight corruption and
implement pro-Western democratic reforms, saying that Washington
would offer support to Europe's poorest country as it seeks to move
closer to the EU.
2011 Jun 28, Moldova officials
said 6 people have been arrested for trying to sell an unspecified
amount of uranium-235 to a North African country for $28.85 million.
(SFC, 6/30/11, p.A2)
2011 Dec 1, The first talks in
nearly six years between Moldova and the pro-Moscow separatist
region of Trans-Dniester concluded in Lithuania with an agreement
for more meetings at the beginning of next year.
2012 Feb 14, Snow as deep as 15
feet (4.5m) isolated areas of Albania, Moldova and Romania, and
helicopters and army trucks were used to deliver food and medicine,
and to transport sick people to hospitals. Officials said 5
Romanians died in the past 24 hours due to frigid temperatures,
bringing the total to 79 weather-related deaths since the nation's
cold spell began.
2012 Mar 6, Moldova introduced
new legislation approving chemical castration for foreigners and
nationals convicted of sexually abusing children.
(SFC, 3/7/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 16, Moldova's
Parliament elected Nicolae Timofti (65), a judge with a European
outlook, as president. This ended nearly three years of political
2012 Mar 20, Russian banker
German Gorbuntsov (45) was shot outside his home in east London and
was put into a medically induced coma. Hew was days away from giving
evidence to an investigation into the attempted murder of a former
business associate. His lawyer believed the attack was connected to
an assassination attempt on Gorbuntsov's partner and co-owner of
Konvers Group, Alexander Antonov, in 2009. A bank he owned in
Moldova, Universalbank, was closed down in February and he was
wanted there for financial crimes. The Kommersant business daily
wrote that Gorbuntsov said he himself was a victim of a raider
attack that caused him to lose his stake of more than 70 percent in
(AFP, 3/24/12)(Reuters, 3/25/12)
2012 Apr 24, Moldova's Pres.
Nicolae Timofti refused to sign a law that would have meant that
foreigners convicted of sexually abusing children in Moldova were
chemically castrated. Parliament had approved the law on March 6
after lawmakers said the impoverished nation was attracting
pedophiles from the West.
2013 May 30, Moldova’s
parliament approved Iurie Leanca, a former foreign minister, as the
new prime minister. He vowed to move the country closer to Europe
and fight endemic corruption and poverty.
(SFC, 5/31/13, p.A2)
2013 Jun 21, Moldova’s
lawmakers adopted a statement urging the US, the EU, Russia, Ukraine
and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to
"resolve the situation in Trans-Dniester through political and
peaceful means, respecting democratic...principles."
2013 Sep 10, Russia announced a
ban on imports of Moldovan wines and spirits, saying they contained
impurities, a move certain to be seen in the small ex-Soviet
republic as retaliation for its drive to expand ties with the
2013 Nov 29, Georgia and
Moldova signed important agreements on political cooperation, reform
and free trade with the EU at the summit of EU leaders in Vilnius.
2013 Dec 5, Moldova’s
Constitutional Court ruled that Romanian is now the official
language. The language, basically the same as Romanian, had been
renamed Moldovan under Soviet rule.
(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A2)
2013 Moldova’s population was
about 3.6 million.
(Econ, 11/23/13, p.56)
2014 Feb, In Moldova Mihail
Formuzal, governor of Gagauzia, organized a referendum in the
province in which an overwhelming majority called for Moldova to
join a Russian-led customs union rather than a political and trade
pact with the EU. After the referendum Russia offered an exemption
for the winemakers of Gagauzia to its general ban on wine from
2014 Apr 28, Moldovans with
biometric passports — containing a chip with a photo and fingerprint
data — began traveling without visas across 26 European nations, the
so-called Schengen area. The European Parliament had approved
visa-free travel across most of Europe for Moldovan citizens in
2014 Apr 29, Moldova's PM Iurie
Leanca said neighboring Romania will export gas to his country this
year, reducing the former Soviet republic's dependence on Russia for
2014 Apr, The EU granted
Moldovans visa-free travel.
(Econ, 12/6/14, p.64)
2014 May 11, Moldovan
authorities said they have stopped Russia's deputy prime minister
from leaving the country with a petition calling on Moscow to
recognize the separatist Trans-Dniester region, but Dmitry Rogozi
claimed he had delivered most of the signatures supporting it.
2014 Jun 12, The European Union
said it will finance projects worth 50 million euros ($68 million)
in Moldova as the former Soviet republic prepares to sign an
association agreement with the 28-nation bloc amid protests from
2014 Jun 27, European Union
leaders signed broad trade and economic deals with non-member
countries Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.
2014 Jul 2, Moldova's
Parliament voted 59-4 to ratify the former Soviet republic's free
trade agreement with the European Union. Pro-Moscow Communists with
38 seats walked out of Parliament.
2014 Aug 27, Moldova and
Romania inaugurated a new pipeline that will pump gas from Romania
to Moldova in an attempt to reduce the former Soviet republic's
dependence on Russian energy. However, 43-km (28-mile) pipeline will
provide only five percent of its gas needs.
2014 Nov 27, Moldova's Appeals
Court ruled that a pro-Russian party cannot compete in Nov 30
parliamentary elections on the grounds it is illegally funded from
abroad. The court ruled against Patria, led by Renato Usatii, who
does business with Russia's state railways.
2014 Nov 28, Renato Usatii, a
Rolls Royce-driving Moldova businessman who has done business with
Russian Railways, fled the country. He said that he feared arrest by
Moldova's pro-European authorities.
2014 Nov 30, Moldova held
elections. Three pro-Europe parties won a narrow majority in
parliament. They failed to agree on a governing coalition and
required the support of the Communist party to form a government.
(AP, 11/30/14)(AP, 12/1/14)(Econ, 12/6/14,
2014 Nov, In Moldova up to $1.5
billion vanished from the state-owned Savings Bank and the private
banks Unibank and the Social Bank. Moldova's Gross National Product
was $8 billion in 2014. An inquiry was completed in April 2015.
According to an unpublished parliament report, some of the money was
transferred to Russian banks. On July 10, 2015, a man found a sack
of money bearing the logo of the state-owned Savings Bank under a
bridge in Chisinau.
(AP, 4/8/15)(AP, 7/10/15)
2014 Dec 9, Moldova police said
seven people have been detained on suspicion they smuggled uranium
and mercury in a metal container from Russia to be used in a dirty
2015 Feb 19, Moldova sought to
stabilize the country's currency, which plummeted 25 percent this
week amid concerns over the financial and political system.
2015 Mar 4, Romania began
transporting natural gas to Moldova, as the former Soviet republic
moves toward the European Union and becomes less dependent on
2015 Mar 18, In Moldova airport
authorities banned a Russian television crew from entering Moldova
and sent them back to Moscow. They were traveling to cover elections
this weekend in the semi-autonomous region of Gagauzia, a region
where most voters disapprove of Moldova's European aspirations and
want closer links to Russia.
2015 Mar 19, Moldova
authorities said two Russian journalists planning to travel to
Moldova to present a documentary on Crimea have been banned from the
country for five years.
2015 Apr 8, In Moldova former
health minister Andrei Usatii and 11 others, including hospital
chiefs, were detained on suspicion of fraudulent acquisitions of
drugs and medical equipment.
2015 May 16, Moldovans marched
from a central square in Chisinau past parliament shouting "Good
bye, Russia! Don't forget Bessarabia is not yours!" using the
historical name for Moldova, urging the reunification of the former
Soviet republic with neighboring Romania.
2015 Jun 12, Moldova's PM
Chiril Gaburici (38) resigned after state prosecutors, whom he has
accused of moving slowly over the disappearance of $1 billion from
the country's banks, questioned him over his school certificates.
2015 Jun 14, Moldovans voted in
local elections seen as a test of whether the country is committed
to European integration or will move closer to Russia's orbit.
2015 Jun 22, Moldova's Pres.
Nicolae Timofte appointed Natalia Gherman (46), the country's
pro-European foreign minister, as interim prime minister after her
predecessor resigned amid a probe of his high school diploma.
2015 Jul 5, The EU announced
that it was freezing its €40 million ($44m) aid program to Moldova.
(Econ, 8/1/15, p.64)
2015 Jul 21, In Moldova the
Democratic Party, the Liberal-Democratic Party and the Liberal
Party, which together hold 55 out of 101 seats in Parliament,
reached an agreement at midnight to form a ruling coalition that
will demonstrate the country's commitment to moving closer to the
2015 Jul 30, Moldova's
Parliament approved the pro-European government of Valeriu Strelet
(45), nominated after the last prime minister resigned.
2015 Aug 4, Russia's PM Dmitry
Medvedev ordered preparation of retaliatory measures against several
non-EU European nations that have joined the European Union's
sanctions against Russia. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway,
Montenegro, Albania, Moldova and Ukraine joined the EU sanctions
2015 Aug 10, Moldovan
authorities seized more than 130 kg (290 pounds) of heroin in a
truck transporting tiles overnight from Ukraine to Bulgaria.
2015 Aug 27, Romania's PM
Victor Ponta gave Moldova 100 million euros ($117 million) in
financial aid in a gesture of support for the former Soviet
republic's EU membership bid, as Moldova marked its 24th anniversary
of independence. Ponta called for a Romanian gas pipeline to be
extended to Chisinau, the Moldovan capital.
2015 Sep 6, In Moldova tens of
thousands rallied in the heart of the capital Chisinau in the
biggest street protests in memory, demanding the resignation of
President Nicolae Timofti and early elections over a $1 billion bank
fraud that has hit living standards.
2015 Sep 11, Moldova's PM
Valeriu Strelet said his government's priorities are reforming the
justice system and fighting corruption as protesters continued a
demonstration over up to $1.5 billion that disappeared from Moldovan
2015 Sep 13, In Moldova some
20,000 people demonstrated against the government for the 8th
straight day demanding a probe into the estimated $1.5 billion that
disappeared from three local banks last year.
(SFC, 9/14/15, p.A2)
2015 Sep 27, In Moldova some
20,000 people protested against the government, days after the
International Monetary Fund said it would not negotiate a new loan
agreement with the pro-European leadership which says it needs the
money to pay salaries and pensions.
2015 Oct 15, Former Moldovan PM
Vlad Filat was detained in parliament over the theft of $1 billion
from the banking system, a crime that has led thousands to camp out
in the capital in protest.
2015 Oct 29, Moldova's
parliament backed a motion of no-confidence in the ruling
pro-European coalition, increasing political turmoil following the
fraudulent disappearance of $1 billion from the banking system. The
vote signaled an end to the short-lived government of PM Valeriu
2015 Nov 26, Moldovan police
said they have detained a total of 13 suspected members of a
paramilitary group allegedly planning to attack the capital and a
northern city with a majority Russian population, with the aim of
creating a new separatist republic similar to the one in eastern
2015 Nov 29, In Moldova
thousands of anti-government protesters gathered in Chisinau and
other towns demanding better governance and an end to widespread
2016 Jan 15, Moldova’s
President Nicolae Timofti nominated Technology Minister Pavel Filip
as the next prime minister.
2016 Jan 16, In Moldova
thousands protested in Chisinau against the nominee for prime
minister, calling for Parliament to be dissolved and early
2016 Jan 20, Moldova's
Parliament approved a new government, ending months of deadlock
between the president and the legislature. Parliament approved the
pro-European government of Pavel Filip, the Technology Minister and
former candy factory manager with 57 votes. The pro-Russian
opposition boycotted the vote.
2016 Jan 21, In Moldova
thousands of people held an anti-government protest in Chisinau, a
day after the legislature approved a new pro-European government.
2016 Jan 22, In Moldova some
3,000 people protested in the capital for a third day running
calling for early elections, better governance and demanding an end
to widespread corruption.
2016 Jan 24, In Moldova some
40,000 people gathered in the capital to protest against the
government and demand early elections in the impoverished East
2016 Jan 26, Romania offered
Moldova emergency economic aid and a loan of 60 million euros ($65
million) in hopes of preventing economic collapse and keeping the
impoverished ex-Soviet republic on a pro-European course.
2016 Feb 17, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis urged Moldova to reform its justice and banking
systems so the government can get a $65 million loan that Moldova
needs to prevent an economic collapse.
2016 Mar 4, A leading court in
Moldova ruled in favor of having direct national elections to choose
a president rather than a vote in parliament - a concession to
protesters who have been demonstrating for months against the
2016 Mar 24, A Moldovan court
sentenced three men to seven years in prison on charges of human
trafficking after they transported three Moldovans to Turkey in
2001-2002 to have their kidneys removed.
2016 Mar 27, Thousands of
Moldovans marched through their capital calling for reunification
with Romania, restoring a union which lasted from 1918 to 1940.
2016 Apr 24, In Moldova some
7,000 people have staged a protest in the capital, demanding the
resignation of the government and early elections.
2016 May 6, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis approved a 150 million euro ($171 million) loan to
neighboring Moldova needed to pay state sector salaries and
2016 Jun 2, A Romanian medical
helicopter crashed in southern Moldova, killing all four people on
2016 Jun 22, Moldova's foreign
ministry called on Russia to stop recruiting its citizens to the
Russian Army. It said the alleged recruitments violate bilateral
2016 Jun 24, Moldovan
businessman and mayor Ilan Shor was arrested on suspicion of money
laundering connected to the disappearance of $1 billion from three
Moldovan banks in 2014.
2016 Jun 27, A Moldovan court
sentenced former PM Vlad Filat (2009-2013) to nine years in prison
on charges of taking bribes and influence trafficking. The sentence
was connected to alleged bribes he gave businessman and mayor Ilan
Shor. Filat was arrested last October in a separate case which has
not gone to trial.
2016 Aug 5, Moldova's Foreign
Ministry and its Defense Ministry criticized recent Russian military
exercises (July 27-August 3) held in the Trans-Dniester separatist
region, saying they undermined the sovereignty and territorial
integrity of Moldova.
2016 Aug 27, Moldovan police
fired tear gas to disperse anti-government protesters during a
parade to mark the former Soviet republic's independence day.
Figures published this week found that more than a quarter of
Moldova's citizens have emigrated for work, and more than half of
them work in Russia.
2016 Nov 13, Moldova held
presidential elections. Igor Dodon, a pro-Russian politician, won
52.2% of the vote, while Maia Sandu won 47.8%.
(SFC, 11/15/16, p.A2)
2016 Dec 19, Moldovan MPs
approved raising the retirement age to 63 years from the current
level of 57 for women and 62 for men, a reform that is part of a
three-year-old assistance program agreed with the International
2017 Jan 3, Moldova's new Pres.
Igor Dodon stripped the ex-president of Romania of his
recently-acquired Moldovan citizenship, saying he obtained it
illegally. Traian Basescu and his wife Maria were awarded
citizenship of the troubled ex-Soviet republic, formerly part of
Romania. Dodon favors closer relations with Russia, while Basescu
has called for the reunification of Romania and Moldova.
2017 Jan 17, Moldova's new
Pres. Igor Dodon, who is visiting Russia on his first trip abroad,
voiced hope for rebuilding "strategic" ties with Moscow and hinted
that the ex-Soviet nation could eventually shelve a trade pact with
the European Union.
2017 Feb 15, Moldova's
intelligence agency said it has broken up a suspected extremist
Islamic group that was spreading propaganda online and whose members
had illegal weapons.
2017 Mar 9, Moldova's
parliament accused Russia's intelligence service of intimidating
politicians, following an investigation into alleged money
laundering by Russian officials.
2017 Apr 8, Prosecutors said 17
people have been detained in Moldova and Ukraine on suspicion of
planning to kill Vladimir Plahotniuc, head of Moldova’s Democratic
(SSFC, 4/9/17, p.A4)
2017 Apr 27, Moldovan
anti-corruption prosecutors detained the transport minister and a
senior road management official on suspicion of embezzling European
2017 May 26, In Moldova the
Liberals quit the 3-party government coalition in protest at the
arrest of Chisinau mayor and Liberal deputy chairman, Dorin
Chirtoaca, for alleged abuse of office linked to the distribution of
parking contracts in the capital.
2017 May 29, In Moldova a
minister in the pro-European government and two of his deputies
resigned, after their party withdrew from the ruling coalition over
the arrest of its deputy chairman on corruption charges.
2017 May 29, Moldova's
pro-European Union government expelled five Russian diplomats, a
move the ex-Soviet country's Moscow-backed president Igor Dodon says
has led to the worst crisis in bilateral relations in 25 years.
2017 May 31, The Russian
Foreign Ministry said it has ordered five Moldovan diplomats to
leave the country within three days, in retaliation for the
expulsion of five members of its embassy in Moldova earlier this
2017 Jun 2, Moldovan President
Igor Dodon said that Moldova was unable to join the European Union
in its current form, questioning the benefits of integration with
the bloc after Britain voted to quit.
2017 Jul 20, Moldova lawmakers
voted to overhaul the electoral system, as thousands of opposition
activists massed outside saying the changes favored the two largest
2017 Aug 2, Moldova declared
Russian deputy prime minister Dmitry Rogozin persona non grata in
the wake of a diplomatic spat that saw his plane barred from flying
over Romania. Rogozin is under an EU travel ban over Russia's
annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014.
2017 Sep 6, Moldova's
pro-Russian President Igor Dodon blocked government plans to send
troops to Ukraine to participate in military exercises starting this
week and which coincide with Russian drills across the border in
2017 Sep 7, The Moldovan
government said it has sent 57 servicemen to Ukraine to participate
in military exercises starting this week, despite a veto by
pro-Russian President Igor Dodon.
2017 Oct 11, The European Union
said it will not transfer a final tranche of loans worth 28 million
euros ($33 million) to support Moldovan justice reforms as
authorities have showed insufficient commitment to reforming the
2017 Oct 14, Four Moldovan
nationals were killed when a transport plane chartered by the French
army crashed off Ivory Coast. Six other people were injured
including four French nationals.
2017 Nov 24, The EU pledged to
deepen ties with six former Soviet states (Ukraine, Georgia,
Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus), as part of efforts to
counter Russian influence, but warned them they had no chance of
joining the bloc any time soon.
2017 Dec 18, Moldova recalled
its ambassador to Russia for consultations in response to the
harassment and intimidation by Russian authorities of Moldovan
politicians and officials. The Chisinau government says its
officials are being mistreated partly to derail a Moldovan
investigation into an alleged Russian-led money laundering
2018 Jan 2, Moldovan Pres. Igor
Dodon rejected a decision by the country's constitutional court to
suspend his powers temporarily due to a wrangle between him and the
pro-Western government over ministerial appointments.
2018 Jan 5, In Moldova a court
temporarily suspended the powers of President Igor Dodon, paving the
way for parliament to bypass his veto and enact a law that would
restrict Russian TV broadcasts as foreign propaganda.
2018 Feb 8, Moldova’s
parliament adopted a declaration condemning alleged Russian attacks
on cybersecurity and accusing the Russian secret services of
financing Moldovan political parties.
2018 Feb 15, Moldovan Purcari
Wineries listed its shares on Romania's stock exchange, an example
of the country's investors concentrating on European markets
following a Russian embargo. The company raised 186.2 million lei
($50 million) after selling 49 percent of its shares ahead of the
launch on the stock exchange.
2018 Mar 2, In Moldova a
one-day security conference was held in the capital, Chisinau.
Pro-EU leaders from Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia said that the
continued presence of Russian military in their countries was
2018 Mar 20, In Moldova two
people were killed in a shop in Chisinau when a grenade brandished
by a man seeking to avoid paying for cigarettes exploded.
2018 Mar 25, In Moldova the
former president of Romania Traian Basescu joined more than 10,000
people in Chisinau to rally in support of reunification between
Romania and Moldova. The issue highlighted a divide in Moldova
between pro-Western and Moscow-backed political factions ahead of
elections in November.
2018 Mar 27, Moldova's foreign
ministry ordered three Russian diplomats to leave the former Soviet
republic within seven days.
2018 Mar 30, Russia ordered new
cuts to the number of British envoys in the country, escalating a
dispute with the West over the poisoning of an ex-spy in Britain.
Scores of foreign ambassadors streamed into the Russian Foreign
Ministry in Moscow to receive the notices given to 23 nations:
Albania, Australia, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Romania, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.
2018 May 3, Moldova handed
prison sentences to eight citizens for fighting on the side of
pro-Russian rebels in the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine.
2018 Jun 19, A Moldova court
ruled that Andrei Nastase's electoral win in the June 3 vote was
illegitimate, citing unspecified violations. Hundreds of citizens
soon took to the streets to protest. Nastase, a pro-European
candidate in the Chisinau mayoral race, said the court decision was
made at the behest of the head of Moldova's ruling party,
businessman Vlad Plahotniuc.
2018 Jul, The EU announced it
had frozen a 100 million euro aid package to Moldova after a
disputed mayoral election race in the capital Chisinau which critics
say undermined the country's democratic credentials.
2018 Sep 1, Several thousand
Moldovans gathered in the capital Chisinau to call for reunification
with Romania. Moldova united with Romania in 1918 and was annexed to
the Soviet Union in 1940. It gained independence in 1991.
2018 Sep 24, Moldova's
Constitutional Court temporarily stripped the country's pro-Moscow
President Igor Dodon of his duties for refusing to endorse new
ministers in a political standoff.
2018 Oct 17, Moldova's
President Igor Dodon met with visiting Turkish President Recep
Tayyip Erdogan. The two-day visit aimed at boosting political and
trade ties with the former Soviet republic.
2018 Nov 20, The European Union
said it will suspend 100 million euros ($114 million) of aid to
Moldova over concerns about its democracy and the slow pace of
reforms in the former Soviet republic.
2018 Dec 13, Europe's top human
rights body urged Moldova to stop "intimidation and violence"
against prisoners allegedly carried out by other detainees with the
tacit agreement of prison management.
2019 Feb 14, Facebook Inc said
it has removed a number of pages and accounts engaged in
"inauthentic behavior" targeting people in Moldova, where elections
will be held later this month.
2019 Feb 24, Moldovans voted in
a parliamentary election. Both pro-Russian and pro-EU forces accused
the ruling party of massive election fraud. The election produced a
hung parliament, with results showing the vote split between
pro-Western and pro-Russian forces. The outcome set the stage for
coalition talks or potentially new elections.
(AP, 2/24/19)(AFP, 2/24/19)(Reuters, 2/25/19)
2019 Jun 8, Moldova's
parliament approved a new government based on an unprecedented
alliance between pro-Russian and pro-European forces.
2019 Jun 9, Moldova plunged
deeper into crisis as a new, acting president dissolved parliament
and called elections after months of wrangling between pro-Russia
and pro-European lawmakers failed to form a workable government. The
Constitutional Court suspended president Dodon and appointed Pavel
Filip, who backs closer integration with the European Union, as
2019 Jun 10, Two rival Moldovan
governments held simultaneous cabinet meetings and accused each
other of trying to usurp power, deepening a crisis brought on by an
inconclusive parliamentary election in February.
2019 Jun 14, Moldova's
Democratic Party announced it would leave government after days of
refusing to cede power to a new coalition backed by the US, EU and
Russia, halting a crisis in the eastern European nation.
2019 Nov 12, Moldova's
government coalition between a pro-European group and a
Russian-backed party collapsed after losing a no-confidence vote in
parliament. PM Maia Sandu's five-month-old government lost the vote
as 63 of 101 lawmakers supported the no-confidence motion initiated
by the Socialists, her own coalition partners.
2019 Nov 14, Moldova’s
parliament voted to back a new, technocratic government led by
former finance minister Ion Chicu.
2020 Mar 8, Moldova reported
its first case of coronavirus.
2020 Mar 18, Moldova reported
its first death due to the coronavirus.
2020 Nov 15, Moldovans returned
to the polls for a presidential runoff, facing a stark choice
between President Igor Dodon, the staunchly pro-Russian incumbent,
and his popular challenger, former PM Maia Sandu, a pro-Western
former World Bank economist. Sandu won the presidential runoff vote
over 57% of the vote. 97% of the country's diaspora had plumped for
(AP, 11/15/20)(AP, 11/16/20)(Econ., 11/21/20,
2020 Dec 6, Thousands of
Moldovans protested outside the parliament building in Chisinau
demanding the resignation of the country’s Russia-backed government
and a new election.
2020 Dec 23, Moldova’s
pro-Russian PM Ion Chicu resigned to, as he put it, pave the way for
an early parliamentary election and “bring normalcy" to the tiny
former Soviet state.
2020 Dec 29, President Klaus
Iohannis said Romania would donate 200,000 doses of the
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine to Moldova, offered as a gesture of
solidarity following the election of the pro-Western President Maia
2021 Feb 11, The EU and the
World Health Organization said they would spend 40 million euros
($48.48 million) over three years to ensure better access to
COVID-19 vaccines in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova
2021 Feb 26, Moldova's medical
agency said it had approved Russia's Sputnik V vaccine against
COVID-19, despite President Maia Sandu saying it could not be
registered until the World Health Organization had done so.
2021 Feb 27, Romania shipped
its first donation of AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine to neighboring
Moldova to allow Moldova to start vaccinating frontline medical
workers next week.