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  The islands of Gozo, Comino and Malta comprise the Maltese archipelago, 50 miles southeast of Sicily.
 (AM, Jul/Aug '97 p.43)

180000 BC    On Malta the Ghar Dalam cave near the harbor of Marsaxlokk revealed bones dating to about this time of an extinct pygmy hippo and elephant.
    (AM, Jul/Aug '97 p.42)

5000BC    The Ghar Dalam cave near the harbor of Marsaxlokk revealed bones of domesticated animals and potsherds.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.42)

4500-4200BC    The Skorba phase on Malta was marked by a growing population, with increased forest clearance for agriculture and grazing that may have led to erosion. Obsidian on Malta from the islands of Lipari and Panteleria indicate links to the outside world.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.40)

4200-3800BC    The Zebbug phase indicated evidence of collective burials.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.40)

c4000BC    The Hypogeum, a complex of rock-cut chamber tombs, dated to this time. They were discovered in 1902.
    (SFEC, 9/17/00, p.T3)

3600-3000BC    The Gantija phase saw the construction of the first megalithic temples.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.43)

3600-2500BC     The Late Neolithic in Malta.
    (AM, 7/04, p.43)

c3,000BC    A Neolithic temple at Mnajdra dates to this time.
    (AM, 7/01, p.15)

3000-2500BC    The Tarxien phase is marked by the collapse of the temple culture.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.44)

2500BC    By about his time the megalithic temples were no longer in use.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.47)

700BC    A ship carrying Phoenician cargo sank about this time near the Maltese island of Gozo. Divers in 2014 discovered its remains, which included 20 grinding stones and 50 amphorae.
    (SFC, 8/26/14, p.A2)

60CE        Feb 10, St. Paul is believed to have been shipwrecked near Malta while enroute to Rome for trial for practicing Catholicism. The story is told in the Bibles New Testament Acts of the Apostles, chapter 27. The event is marked in Malta every February 10. St. Paul lived for two months in Rabat, when he was among 75 people shipwrecked.
    (WSJ, 6/21/08, p.W8)(Reuters, 4/3/22)

1522        Suleiman I captured Rhodes from the Knights Hospitallers of St. John. The knights surrendered after a 6-month siege. In 1530 the knights were resettled on Malta by Charles V.
    (WSJ, 7/21/08, p.A11)

1530        The Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, offered the Knights Hospitallers of St. John the Isle of Malta. In exchange for a perpetual lease the Knights undertook to send the emperor a falcon (made famous in the mystery novel, The Maltese Falcon, and the movie of the same name) once every year as a token of their fealty. They remained there until the time of Napoleon, and became known as the Knights of Malta.
    (WSJ, 12/30/94, A-6)(WSJ, 7/21/08, p.A11)

1530        Feb 24, Charles V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Clement V in the 1st imperial coronation by a Pope. Charles restored the Medici to power after capturing Florence and ceded Malta to the landless religious order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem.
    (TL-MB, p.14)(MC, 2/24/02)

1551        Turkish forces captured Tripoli but failed to take Malta.
    (TL-MB, p.18)

1565        May 19-Sep 8, In Malta the Great Siege lasted over this period as Suleyman the Magnificent sought to add the island to his conquests. The Turkish army of 40,000 men besieged the Knights of Malta, led by Grand Master Jean de la Valette, at their garrison, St. Elmo. The defenders numbered 540 knights, 400 Spanish troops, and Maltese gentry. In the initial attack 200 of 260 defenders lay dead at the end of the day but the garrison held out. The Turks continued their efforts for four months when reinforcements arrived and saved them. The arrival of a fleet from Spain, the Gran Soccorso, turned the tide. This halted the westward advance of Islam in the Mediterranean. St. Elmo was later transformed into Valletta, the capital of Malta. The Order of St. John continues to thrive to today.
    (HNQ, 4/8/99)(WSJ, 12/30/94, p.A-6)(AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.40)(WSJ, 7/21/08, p.A11)

1571        The Palace of the Grand Masters was begun.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.40)

1573-1577    The Cathedral of St. John was built.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.40)

1647        Gian Francesca Abela, vice-chancellor of the Knights of St. John and the father of Maltese historiography, authored Descrittione di Malta. His antiquities, willed to the College of Jesuit Fathers in Valetta, later formed the nucleus of Maltas National Museum of Archeology.
    (AM, 7/97, p.48)

1693        Jan 11, An earthquake struck parts of southern Italy near Sicily, Calabria and Malta. It destroyed at least 70 towns and cities, seriously affecting an area of 5,600 square km (2,200 sq. miles) and causing the death of about 60,000 people.

1724        Malta passed a law that would send women, who procure an abortion, to prison for up to three years.
    (Econ, 7/27/19, p.44)

1731        The Manoel Theater was constructed.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.40)

1733-1740    The Cathedral Museum in Mdina was built as a seminary opposite the Mdina Cathedral. Traces of the classical city of Melite were later found beneath it.
    (AM, 7/97, p.48)

1798        Sep 2, The Maltese people revolted against the French occupation, forcing the French troops to take refuge in the citadel of Valetta in Malta.
    (HN, 9/2/98)

1798        Napoleon expelled the Knights of Malta from their base in Malta. The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem (SMOM), without citizens or territory, became a permanent observer at the UN in 1994.
    (WSJ, 6/28/01, p.A1)

1800        Sep 5, Malta surrendered to British after they blockaded French troops.
    (MC, 9/5/01)

1804        Samuel Taylor Coleridge (32), poet, fled to Malta and worked as an assistant to the civilian governor. He returned to England in 1806.
    (WSJ, 4/15/99, p.A20)

1902        The 6,000 year-old Hypogeum, a complex of rock-cut chamber tombs, was discovered.
    (SFEC, 9/17/00, p.T3)

1915-1919    Themistocles Zammit, father of Maltese prehistory, excavated the Tarxien temples.
    (AM, 7/97, p.48)

1940        Jun 11, The Italian Air Force bombed the British fortress at Malta in the Mediterranean.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1942        Mar 7, 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reached Malta.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1942        Mar 20-22, There was a major German assault on Malta.
    (MC, 3/20/02)(MC, 3/21/02)(MC, 3/22/02)

1942        Apr 7, There was a heavy German assault on Malta.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1942        Apr 15, George VI awarded the George Cross to the citizens of Malta.
    (HN, 4/15/98)

1942        Apr 16, Britains King George V awarded the Island of Malta the George Cross in recognition for heroism under constant German air attack. It was the first such award given to any part of the British Commonwealth.
    (HN, 4/16/99)(HNQ, 7/8/01)

1942        Apr 20, Heavy German assault on Malta.
    (MC, 4/20/02)

1942        Jun 11-Oct 20, In Malta the German and Italian air blockade and repeated bombing failed to break the people-who lived in caves and catacombs through the worst. Hitlers planned airborne invasion-Operation Hercules-was finally called off.
    (HNQ, 4/8/99)

1945        Feb 2, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill departed Malta for the Yalta summit with Soviet leader Josef Stalin.
    (AP, 2/2/97)

1964        Sep 21, Malta gained independence from Britain and joined the UN.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 9/21/97)

1958        The National Museum of Archeology was established by British authorities in Valetta.
    (AM, 7/97, p.49)

1964        Sep 21, Malta became an independent member of the British Commonwealth.
    (AP, 9/21/97)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.57)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5382.htm)

1967        Arvid Pardo (d.1999 at 85), Maltese delegate to the UN, proposed that the bounty of the sea should be considered "the common heritage of mankind" and asked that some of the sea's wealth be used to bankroll a fund to help close the gap between rich and poor nations. The Law of the Sea was ratified in 1993 and took effect on Nov 16, 1994.
    (SFC, 7/19/99, p.A22)

1971        John Evans (b.1925), English archeologist, published the comprehensive survey: "The Prehistoric Antiquities of the Maltese Islands."
    (AM, 7/97, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davies_Evans)

1977        Arvid Pardo published "The New International Order and the Law of the Sea with Elisabeth Mann Borgese.
    (SFC, 7/19/99, p.A22)

1980        The film Popeye, directed by Robert Altman, was made in Malta. A replica of the town of Sweethaven was built at Anchor Bay and remained as a tourist attraction.
    (WSJ, 9/11/00, p.A1)

1985        Nov 23, Egypt Air flight 648 was hijacked to Malta by Palestinian militant Omar Mohammed Ali Rezaq, a member of the Abu Nidal terrorist group.  
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A6)(SFEC, 10/8/96, D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EgyptAir_Flight_648)

1985        Nov 24, The hijacking of an EgyptAir jetliner parked on the ground in Malta ended violently as Egyptian commandos stormed the plane. Fifty-eight people died in the raid, in addition to two others killed by the hijackers. Ali Rezaq of the Abu Nidal terrorist group was imprisoned in Malta for 7 years and then released. The US FBI apprehended him in Nigeria in 1993 and he was convicted by a US federal jury in 1996 and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A6)(SFEC, 10/8/96, D1)(AP, 11/24/97)

1988        The Grand Master of The Order of St. John (Knights of Malta) died. Fidel Castro declared a national day of mourning in Cuba.
    (WSJ, 12/30/94, p.A6)

1989        Apr 4, Censu Tabone (1913-2012) began serving as the 4th president of Malta and continued to 1994.
    (AP, 3/14/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%8Aensu_Tabone)

1989        Dec 3, Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev, in Malta, announced  the official end to the Cold War.
    (SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)

1994        Nov 16, The UN Law of the Sea, ratified in 1993, took effect. Arvid Pardo (d.1999 at 85), Maltese delegate to the UN, proposed in 1967 that the bounty of the sea should be considered "the common heritage of mankind" and asked that some of the sea's wealth be used to bankroll a fund to help close the gap between rich and poor nations. The International Seabed Authority came into existence as the law took effect. The first Secretary-General of the Authority, Satya Nandan (Fiji) was elected in March 1996, and the Authority became fully operational as an autonomous international organization in June 1996, when it took over the premises and facilities in Kingston, Jamaica. The UN Law of the Sea treaty, which extended internationally recognized territorial waters to 200 miles offshore, came into force one year after the sixtieth state, Guyana, signed it.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2wsq9p)(SFC, 7/19/99, p.A22)

1995        Oct 26, Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shakaki was shot to death on the Mediterranean island of Malta in a killing his supporters blamed on Israel.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.17A)(AP, 10/26/05)

1996        Oct 27, The opposition socialist leader, Alfred Sant, won elections that could return his Labor Party back to power after 16 years. His party has opposed the push to join the European Union. He was sworn in as prime minister by Pres. Ugo Mifsud Bonnici, a former minister of the defeated Nationalist Party.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)(SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)

1999        Apr 4, Guido De Marco (1931-2010) began serving as president of Malta and continued to 2004. He helped the island nation win European Union membership in 2004.
    (AP, 8/13/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guido_de_Marco)

1999        Dec 10, The EU granted preliminary consideration for membership to Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Malta.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)

1999        Dec 12, The Erika, a Maltese registered oil tanker, broke in two during a storm off the coast of Brest, France, with 8 million gallons of diesel oil. Half the ship was towed to deeper waters and 3 million gallons were spilled. In 2008 a French court found Total SA guilty of maritime pollution and fined it the maximum penalty of $560,000. It also ordered Total and three other defendants to pay total damages of $285 million.
    (SFC, 12/13/99, p.A13)(WSJ, 12/13/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/20/02, p.A14)(AP, 1/16/08)

2001        May 8, In Malta Pope John Paul II was welcomed on the final stop of his 6-day pilgrimage to retrace the steps of the Apostle Paul.
    (WSJ, 5/9/01, p.A1)

2002        Oct 9, The European Union's executive Commission declared Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia nearly ready for EU membership and recommended they be invited to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria likely will be delayed until 2007 because of weak economies, the Commission said, adding Turkey was the weakest link among candidates.
    (AP, 10/9/02)

2002        Dec 13, The EU reached agreement to accept 10 new countries in 2004. These included Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A3)

2003          Mar 8, Malta became the first of 10 countries to vote on whether to join the European Union, which is luring new members with a $40 billion aid package. The referendum was approved 53.65 to 46.35%.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SFC, 3/10/03, p.A3)

2003        Apr 12, Malta held parliamentary elections. PM Eddie Fenech Adami won and said his nation will go ahead with European Union membership.
    (AP, 4/13/03)

2004        May 1, Revelers across ex-communist eastern Europe celebrated their historic entry to the European Union. 10 new members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia) joined. Malta joined with 70 exemptions to EU rules. Poland had 43 exemptions. Latvia had 32. The Turkish occupied area of Cyprus was suspended from entry.
    (AP, 5/1/04)(Econ, 2/28/04, p.50)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.16)

2004        The equity index of the Maltese Stock Exchange (MSE) rose 40%.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.71)

2005        Dec 29, Britains tax authorities recognized the Maltese Stock Exchange (MSE). The equity index of the MSE rose 60% this year.
    (http://business.timesofmalta.com/article.php?id=3721)(Econ, 2/11/06, p.71)

2006        Maltas population was about 392,000.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.71)

2007        Jun 3, Pope Benedict XVI named four new saints from France, Malta, the Netherlands and Poland at a ceremony in St. Peter's Square. Among those honored was Sister Marie Eugenie de Jesus Milleret, a French nun who in 1839 founded the Religious of the Assumption to educate young girls; the Rev. George Preca of Malta, who founded the Society of Christian Doctrine in 1932 as a group of lay people who teach the faith to others; the Rev. Szymon z Lipnicy of Poland, a Franciscan monk who comforted Poles afflicted by the plague that broke out in Krakow from 1482-83 and died of it himself; and the Rev. Charles of St. Andrew (Dublin), who was born Karel Van Sint Andries Houben in the Netherlands in 1821.
    (AP, 6/3/07)

2007        Jun 25, Frontex, the EU's external border agency, kicked off a new series of patrols in the Mediterranean coastal area, known as operation Nautilus, in order to halt the influx of illegal immigrants, crossing over from North Africa to Europe. Many migrants aimed to reach Malta as a stepping stone to Italy and Europe.
    (www.eubusiness.com/Malta/1181678401.8/)(Econ, 6/23/07, p.59)

2007        Jul 10, Cyprus and Malta received approval from EU finance ministers to join the euro.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.57)

2007        Maltese company Nude Estates bought the Ausra shopping center in Utena, Lithuania. In 2017 it was revealed that U2 frontman Bono had used Nude Estates to buy a share in the shopping mall. U2 was heavily criticized in 2006 for moving its corporate base from Ireland to the Netherlands, where royalties on music incur virtually no tax.
    (AP, 11/6/17)
2007        Maltas population was about 400,000.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.59)

2008        Jan 1, The Maltese lira was scheduled to give way to the EU euro.
    (Econ, 10/6/07, p.78)

2007        Dec 20, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic halted land and sea border controls at midnight in a wave of new members of Europe's passport-free Schengen zone. They all joined the EU on May 1, 2004.
    (AFP, 12/20/07)(WSJ, 12/21/07, p.A1)

2008        Jan 1, EU newcomers Cyprus and Malta adopted the euro, bringing to fifteen the number of countries using the currency with increasing clout over the slumping US dollar.
    (AP, 1/1/08)

2008        Jan 18, It was reported that the EUs environment commissioner has threatened to take Malta to the European Court of Justice to force an end spring shooting of turtledoves and quail. Bird hunting and trapping is a traditional pastime in Malta where migrating stop twice every year. Numerous protected birds have been killed.
    (WSJ, 1/18/08, p.A1)

2008        Jan 31, It was reported that the EU is suing Malta for permitting residents to hunt 2 species of birds in the spring. The Maltese government said it qualifies for an exemption under EU rules.
    (WSJ, 2/1/08, p.A6)

2008        Jun 4, An undetermined amount of fuel oil was released after the Greece-registered Syros slammed against the Malta-registered Sea Bird near Montevideo, Uruguay.
    (AP, 6/5/08)

2008        Aug 26, A Maltese fishing trawler rescued the migrants. Authorities said the survivors first told the fishermen that 10 people were missing, but later said as many as 70 people from Somalia, Eritrea and Sudan made the sea voyage with them.
    (AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Oct 30, Scientists reported that 1 in 17 men living on the coasts of North Africa and southern europe may have a Phoenician direct male line ancestor. Evidence was based on Y-chromosomes collected in Cyprus, Malta, Morocco, the West Bank, Syria and Tunisia.
    (SFC, 10/31/08, p.A14)

2009        Apr 18, About 140 migrants remained stranded aboard a Turkish cargo ship for a third day as Malta and Italy argued about which country should accept them.
    (AP, 4/18/09)

2009        Apr 19, Italy agreed to accept 140 migrants stranded aboard a Turkish cargo ship that rescued them in the Mediterranean, ending a four-day standoff with Malta about who would take them in.
    (AP, 4/20/09)

2009        Sep 22, A sharply divided EU failed to protect the threatened bluefin tuna, as the bloc's Mediterranean nations refused to back even a temporary a ban on catching the fish prized by sushi aficionados. Greece, Cyprus, Malta, Spain, France and Italy, with strong fishermen's lobbies at home, insisted on continuing the hunt despite the precarious state of the species. Conservation groups had earlier criticized the EU for not pushing to list the bluefin tuna under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.
    (AP, 9/22/09)

2010        Apr 18, Pope Benedict XVI met in Malta with a group of clerical sex-abuse victims and promised them with tears in his eyes that the Catholic Church would seek justice for pedophile priests and implement "effective measures" to protect young people from abuse. 10 Maltese men came forward earlier this month saying they wanted to meet with the pope to tell him their stories and to request an apology. They said they were abused by 4 priests at a Catholic orphanage.
    (AP, 4/18/10)

2010        Aug 12, Guido De Marco (79), former president of Malta (1999-2004), died. He helped the island nation win European Union membership (2004).
    (AP, 8/13/10)

2010        Dec 17, Maltese Foreign Minister Tonio Borg promised during a visit to the Gaza Strip to donate funds to the United Nations agency caring for Palestinian refugees.
    (AFP, 12/17/10)

2011        Mar 1, Malta said it was refusing to return two Libyan fighter jets that landed on the island last week after their pilots defected.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

2011        May 28, Malta, a staunchly Catholic Mediterranean island, voted in favor of introducing divorce in a referendum. Malta was the last remaining European nation to ban divorce. Some 95 percent of the 400,000 population calls itself Roman Catholic.
    (AP, 5/29/11)

2011        Jul 25, Maltese lawmakers have approved a law allowing citizens of this heavily Catholic Mediterranean island to divorce in their own country. The law takes effect in October, after Malta's president signs it. The ruling Nationalist Party had opposed divorce.
    (AP, 7/25/11)

2011        Aug 1, Malta sentenced Rev. Charles Pulis and Rev. Godwin Scerri to 5 and 6 years in prison after they were convicted of sexually abusing boys under their care in St Joseph's Home for children more than 20 years ago.
    (AP, 8/2/11)

2011        Oct 31, A Tunisian court was reported to have issued an international arrest warrant against Suha Arafat (48), the widow of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat over alleged corruption. The case appeared to be connected to a school she founded in 2006 with the wife of the ousted Pres. Ben Ali. She was stripped of her Tunisian citizenship in 2007 following a dispute with the former ruling family and currently lives in Malta.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)(SFC, 11/1/11, p.A2)

2012        Mar 14, Censu Tabone (b.1913), former Malta President (1989-1994), died. In 1989 he hosted a US-Soviet summit that declared an end to the Cold War.
    (AP, 3/14/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%8Aensu_Tabone)

2012        Aug 16, Malta said its navy has recovered two bodies and rescued around 160 Eritrean and Somali migrants from two boats which got into trouble on the Mediterranean Sea.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)

2012        Oct 5, Ten European and North African leaders meet in Malta for the first such summit of Mediterranean neighbors in a decade, with the agenda focused on fighting terrorism and lawlessness, and strengthening political and economic cooperation in the aftermath of the Arab Spring.
    (AP, 10/5/12)

2013        Mar 10, Maltas PM Lawrence Gonzi of the Nationalist Party conceded defeat as ballots were still being counted in the island nation and eurozone member. Labor leader Joseph Muscat will be sworn in as the new prime minister on March 11. Muscat swept to office with an implausible pledge to cut the islands sky-high energy tariffs by 25%.
    (AP, 3/11/13)(Econ, 11/14/15, p.55)

2013        Jul 11, Malta's PM Joseph Muscat called for a regional approach to tackle the flood of African immigrants landing on the shores on the tiny island after meeting EU and Libyan officials.
    (Reuters, 7/11/13)

2013        Aug 6, The EU said the Maltese government, which has refused entry to a tanker carrying 102 African migrants, had a "humanitarian duty" to allow them to land as soon as possible. Malta faced a record influx of African migrants, with 1,000 arriving in the past month.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)

2013        Aug 7, Italy allowed 102 migrants who were stranded on a tanker in the Mediterranean to disembark on the Sicilian coast after Malta refused them entry for three days despite European Union calls for it to help on humanitarian grounds.
    (Reuters, 8/7/13)

2013        Oct 11, An overloaded migrant boat went down off Malta. The next day about 200 shocked survivors were plucked from the sea. Over 30 lives were lost in the latest deadly migrant tragedy to hit the Mediterranean.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)

2014        Malta introduced Civil unions.
    (AP, 6/24/17)

2015        Apr 11, Malta voted in a referendum to decide whether to overturn a law that allows the hunting of breeding birds in spring, a centuries-old tradition that is not allowed anywhere else in the European Union.
    (Reuters, 4/11/15)

2015        Nov 27, Queen Elizabeth openeed 24th biennial Commonwealth Summit in Malta. Leaders of 53 countries -- around a quarter of the world's countries and a third of its population, gathered to discuss global issues.
    (AFP, 11/27/15)

2015        Nov 28, In Malta heads of government from the Commonwealth family, which represents around a third of the world's population, pledged to demand an "ambitious" and legally-binding outcome from the world climate change summit in Paris, which officially starts on Nov 30.
    (AFP, 11/29/15)

2016        Mar 3, Professor Tony Dyson (68), the British creator of the "Star Wars" droid R2-D2, was found dead at his home on the Maltese island of Gozo.
    (AFP, 3/4/16)

2016        Apr, At a London meeting Maltese academic Joseph Mifsud told an adviser to Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump that the Kremlin had "thousands of emails" about his Democratic rival, Hillary Clinton.
    (AP, 10/22/18)

2016        Jul 12, A Malta-based Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) rescue ship recovered the bodies of four migrants and rescued around 400 survivors from an overcrowded wooden boat in the Mediterranean between Italy and Libya.
    (Reuters, 7/12/16)

2016        Dec 23, An Airbus A320 on an internal flight in Libya was diverted to Malta. Hijackers forced the airliner to land in Malta then freed all their hostages unharmed and surrendered after declaring their loyalty to Libya's late leader Muammar Gaddafi.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)

2016        The population of Malta was about 450,000.
    (Econ, 4/23/16, p.73)

2017        Jan 1, Malta took up the rotating presidency of the EU Council of Ministers.
    (Econ, 1/14/17, p.49)

2017        Jan 24, Pope Francis demanded the obedience of the Grand Master of the Knights of Malta and his resignation. The next day Vatican said that it is taking over the embattled Knights of Malta after its leader Mathew Festing (67) defied Pope Francis in a dispute over condoms.
    (SFC, 1/26/17, p.A2)(Econ, 3/18/17, p.63)

2017        Feb 3, EU leaders met in Malta to discuss how to slow migration and recommit to their union following Britains decision to leave and a perceived threat to the bloc from US Pres. Donald Trump.
    (SFC, 2/4/17, p.A3)

2017        Jun 3, Malta held elections. PM Joseph Muscat won a second term in office after calling a snap parliamentary election last month to counter allegations of corruption against his wife and some of his political allies. Muscat's Labour Party won 55 percent of votes.
    (AFP, 6/3/17)(Reuters, 6/4/17)

2017        Jun 5, Joseph Muscat was sworn in for a second term as Malta's prime minister, pledging to introduce a gay marriage law when Parliament convenes in the next few weeks.
    (AP, 6/5/17)

2017        Jun 24, Malta's President Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca said the new government is pledging to push quickly for the legalization of gay marriage.
    (AP, 6/24/17)

2017        Jul 4, EU chief executive Jean-Claude Juncker called European lawmakers "ridiculous" for failing to turn up to an address by Malta's PM Joseph Muscat, saying they should show more respect for smaller members of the bloc. Malta had has just completed a stint running the bloc's presidency.
    (Reuters, 7/4/17)

2017        Jul 12, Malta legalized same-sex marriages, joining much of Western Europe by replacing the traditional "you are now husband and wife" declaration in civil ceremonies with "you are now spouses," despite church protests.
    (AP, 7/12/17)

2017        Oct 6, The Our Ocean conference concluded in the Maltese capital of Valletta. The global conference organized by the European Union aimed at better protecting marine life raised more than $7 billion.
    (AP, 10/6/17)

2017        Oct 16, Maltese journalist Caruana Galizia was killed by a car bomb near her home. Her death came four months after PM Joseph Muscat won a landslide victory in elections that were called early after she accused his wife of taking kickbacks from Azerbaijan's ruling family and hiding the cash in a secret Panama bank account.
    (AFP, 10/17/17)

2017        Oct 21, Malta's government offered a 1-million ($1.18 million) reward and full protection for anyone with information on the Oct. 16 car bomb killing of investigative reporter Daphne Caruana Galizia.
    (AP, 10/21/17)

2017        Dec 4, Ten Maltese suspects were arrested over the Oct. 16 car bomb murder of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia.
    (AP, 12/4/17)

2017        Dec 21, Three Maltese men believed to have triggered a powerful car bomb that killed investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia were ordered to stand trial for murder. Mobile data and DNA results presented during the preliminary hearing were enough to support charges against Alfred and George Degiorgio and Vincent Muscat for the Oct. 16 murder.
    (AP, 12/21/17)

2017        In Malta online gambling represented 11% of the nations gross domestic product and employed 8,000 people.
    (SFC, 5/5/17, p.A5)

2018        Mar 7, The EUs executive branch pointed the finger at Belgium, Cyprus, Hungary, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta and the Netherlands for "aggressive" tax policies designed to undercut others to attract multinational companies.
    (AP, 3/7/18)

2018        Mar 30, A Greek lawyer representing Maria Efimova, a Russian woman who blew the whistle on alleged wrongdoing at Malta-based Pilatus Bank, said his client fears for her life if she is extradited to Malta. Efimova was identified by slain investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia as one of her sources. Galizia, killed in a car-bomb attack in Oct. 2017, had reported that the Maltese prime minister's wife was the ultimate beneficiary of funds in a secret company in Panama, including funds from Azerbaijan transferred through Pilatus Bank.
    (Reuters, 3/30/18)

2018        Jun 14, Greece's Supreme Court ruled against the extradition of Maria Efimova. a Russian whistleblower at the center of a Maltese corruption scandal. Efimova was employed for three months in 2016 by Pilatus Bank and is accused by the bank of embezzlement. She denies the charges.
    (Reuters, 6/14/18)

2018        Jun 27, Malta's PM Joseph Muscat said a rescue boat stranded in the Mediterranean with 233 migrants will dock in Malta later today, after a deal was struck between a group of EU states to take them in. Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Ireland, Belgium and France had agreed to take some of the migrants.
    (AFP, 6/27/18)

2018        Jul 4, Malta's government passed three laws so companies can easily issue cryptocurrencies and trade existing ones.
    (SFC, 7/31/18, p.D1) 

2018        Jul 22, Malta's PM Joseph Muscat said his country will take in 19 migrants rescued after their boat capsized in the Mediterranean overnight.
    (AFP, 7/22/18)

2018        Aug 14, Malta said it agreed to let the Aquarius humanitarian ship dock in one of its ports. The European Commission said France, Spain, Germany, Portugal and Luxembourg have agreed to take some of the 141 migrants on the humanitarian ship.
    (Reuters, 8/14/18)

2018        Sep 20, Malta's PM Joseph Muscat signaled unexpected support from EU leaders for a second referendum on Brexit in Britain, boosting a growing campaign for a new poll despite the British government's trenchant opposition.
    (AFP, 9/20/18)

2018        Sep 30, The Maltese authorities finally took 58 migrants from the Aquarius to Valletta after they had waited for days in rough seas on the rescue ship that can no longer go to port after its flag was pulled. The UN refugee agency UNHCR said that it had not yet been decided where which of the migrants.
    (AFP, 9/30/18)

2018        Oct 20, The German group Sea-Watch said that the vessel, Sea-Watch 3, has been cleared to leave Malta for repairs. It had been "blocked" from leaving Malta since July 2 amid an investigation into Dutch-registered rescue ships.
    (AP, 10/20/18)

2018        Nov 18, The Sunday Times of Malta reported that investigators have identified a group of at least three Maltese nationals who they believe masterminded the killing of anti-corruption journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia 13 months ago.
    (Reuters, 11/18/18)

2018        Dec 2, Eleven migrants who were stranded on a Spanish fishing boat for more than a week after being rescued off Libya were brought to Malta, which had agreed with Madrid that this was only a temporary solution dictated by "humanitarian reasons", and they would be taken to Spain in due course.
    (Reuters, 12/2/18)

2019        Jan 9, Forty-nine migrants disembarked in Malta after spending more than two weeks stranded on board rescue ships, ending a standoff in which European Union countries had refused to offer them a safe port. An agreement brokered by the European Commission calls for a total of some 300 migrants who have reached Malta in recent weeks to be redistributed between eight EU countries, including Italy.
    (Reuters, 1/9/19)

2019        Feb 17, A Maltese court said it had granted bail to Soko Moussa Shaha Ali, one of two men arrested for hijacking in 2016 after a passenger plane was forced to land in Malta, saying he had spent the maximum time allowed in prison without being tried.
    (Reuters, 2/17/19)

2019        Mar 27, The cargo ship El Hiblu 1 picked up 108 migrants stranded at sea. Some of them then hijacked the vessel when it became clear that it planned to take them back to Libya. The small tanker docked in Malta's port of Valletta the next day after Maltese special forces took control of the vessel. Three migrant teenagers were soon charged in a Maltese court with hijacking the small tanker. They pleaded not guilty.
    (Reuters, 3/28/19)(Reuters, 3/30/19)

2019        Apr 6, In Malta Ivorian Lassana Cisse was killed in a fatal drive-by shooting that injured two other men from Guinea and Gambia. On May 19 Maltese soldiers Lorin Scicluna and Francesco Fenech were charged with murder and attempted murder.
    (AP, 5/19/19)

2019        Apr 13, Malta announced a deal to distribute 64 migrants rescued at sea off Libya 10 days ago among four European Union nations: Germany, France, Portugal and Luxembourg. The German-flagged aid ship carrying them, the Alan Kurdi, will still not be allowed to enter its ports and none of the migrants will remain in Malta.
    (AP, 4/13/19)

2019        Nov 10, It was reported that Malta's armed forces have started cooperating with Libya's coastguard to turn back migrant boats heading into Malta's search and rescue zone.
    (Reuters, 11/10/19)

2019        Nov 19, Maltese PM Joseph Muscat said he has offered an official pardon to a suspect if his evidence leads to the arrest of the mastermind behind the Oct. 16, 2017, assassination of journalist Caruana Galizia.
    (SFC, 11/20/19, p.A2)

2019        Nov 20, Malta police arrested one of the country's most prominent businessmen as part of an investigation into the 2017 murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia. Yorgen Fenech was detained by armed forces as he tried to leave the Mediterranean island before dawn aboard his luxury yacht.
    (Reuters, 11/20/19)

2019        Nov 25, Maltese police sources said Melvin Theuma, suspected of being the middleman in the murder of anti-corruption journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia, has been granted a presidential pardon in return for information about the case.
    (Reuters, 11/25/19)

2019        Nov 26, Malta was in political turmoil after the governments chief of staff abruptly resigned amid the continuing investigation into the car bombing murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia. Keith Schembri had been under pressure to resign for days because of his alleged financial links to Yorgen Fenech, a business tycoon who was arrested last week on his luxury motor yacht.
    (The Telegraph, 11/26/19)

2019        Nov 29, Maltas government turned down a request by a prominent businessman for immunity from prosecution in connection with the 2017 killing of investigative reporter Daphne Caruana Galizia. Yorgen Fenech was arrested just over a week ago as he tried to leave the Mediterranean island aboard his luxury yacht and is considered to be a person of interest in the investigation.
    (Reuters, 11/29/19)

2019        Nov 30, In Malta businessman Yorgen Fenech (38) was taken to a Valletta court late and charged with complicity in the 2017 murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia. He pleaded not guilty to that and other charges.
    (Reuters, 12/1/19)

2019        Dec 12, The European Parliament told EU leaders that Malta's PM Joseph Muscat should resign immediately to avoid risks of political interference with the investigation into the murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia.
    (Reuters, 12/12/19)

2020        Jan 11, Robert Abela was set to become Maltas prime minister after being elected leader of the ruling party. He is seen as a continuity leader in the wake of a scandal over the murder of an investigative journalist.
    (The Telegraph, 1/12/20)

2020        Mar 7, Malta reported its first case of coronavirus.
    (Bloomberg, 3/7/20)

2020        Mar 11, Malta banned travel with Germany, France, Spain and Switzerland to try to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. Malta so far had six confirmed virus cases, all involving people who had visited Italy.
    (Reuters, 3/11/20)

2020        Mar 22, Malta said it is closing all non-essential shops and services to stop the spread of coronavirus. The number of confirmed virus cases in the country rose to 90 with 17 cases reported overnight.
    (Reuters, 3/22/20)

2020        Apr 6, Malta said it would allow hunters to hunt quail from April 10 until the end of the month, despite health authorities urging everyone to stay indoors to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Malta has so far reported 227 COVID-19 cases but no deaths.
    (Reuters, 4/6/20)

2020        Apr 10, Malta brought to its shores 70 migrants who had been stranded at sea for five days, but said further rescues would be suspended due to the coronavirus. Malta has recorded 350 infections since March 7.
    (SFC, 4/11/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 26, Malta said it has had no new case of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours for the first time since the crisis began, and will start rolling back some of the restrictions imposed to contain the coronavirus in the coming days.
    (Reuters, 4/26/20)

2020        May 1, PM Robert Abela said Malta plans to keep 57 rescued migrants aboard a private ship anchored just outside territorial waters until the EU finds a way to rehouse them.
    (Reuters, 5/1/20)

2020        Aug 4, The chemical tanker Etienne rescued a group of 27 would-be refugees at the request of Maltese authorities as the migrants fishing boat sank. Malta, however, refused to let the migrants disembark and the Etienne has been stuck in international waters 17 miles off the small European Union island nation as food and water supplies are running low.
    (AP, 9/6/20)

2020        Sep 22, In Malta Keith Schembri, a key figure in the investigation into the murder of crusading Maltese journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia, was arrested on charges of accepting bribes for the sale of passports to foreigners.
    (The Telegraph, 9/22/20)

2021        Feb 10, The EU police agency Europol said police have arrested 10 people in the UK, Belgium and Malta for allegedly hijacking mobile phones belonging to US celebrities including internet influencers, sports stars and musicians to steal personal information and millions in cryptocurrency.
    (AP, 2/10/21)

2021        Mar 4, Malta ordered restaurants and all other catering establishments to close again, in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases. The island saw a record 362 new COVID-19 cases, with authorities blaming the so-called UK variant of the virus for the surge.
    (Reuters, 3/4/21)

2021        May 24, Malta said it has vaccinated 70% of its adult population with at least one COVID-19 shot, becoming the first EU country to achieve so-called herd immunity.
    (Reuters, 5/24/21)

2021        Jun 29, Malta said it will introduce tighter COVID-19 rules on June 30, banning British visitors who are not fully vaccinated in an effort to prevent the spread of the Delta variant of the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 6/29/21)

2021        Jul 29, An independent inquiry into the 2017 murder of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia released today found that the Maltese state has to bear responsibility for the assassination due the culture of impunity emanating from the highest levels of government.
    (AP, 7/29/21)

2021        Aug 18, Maltas attorney general indicted Yorgen Fenech, a leading Maltese businessman, in the murder of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia nearly four years ago. The murder triggered an international outcry against attempts to silence reporters.
    (AP, 8/18/21)
2021        Aug 18, It was reported that Malta has donated 40,000 AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine doses to Libya.
    (https://tinyurl.com/xkxfjbw)(SFC, 8/19/21, p.A4)

2021        Feb 10, The EU police agency Europol said police have arrested 10 people in the UK, Belgium and Malta for allegedly hijacking mobile phones belonging to US celebrities including internet influencers, sports stars and musicians to steal personal information and millions in cryptocurrency.
    (AP, 2/10/21)

2021        Oct 19, The Maltese government responded to a critical European human rights evaluation by vowing to soon propose new legislation to better protect journalists in the wake of the 2017 assassination of investigative reporter Daphne Caruana Galizia.
    (AP, 10/19/21)

2021        Dec 16, It was reported that Malta has become the first EU country to agree to formally legalize the use and growing of marijuana for recreational purposes.
    (SFC, 12/16/21, p.A4)

2022        Jan 16, Malta saw its biggest protest yet against COVID rules, with hundreds of people marching in the capital Valletta against new measures requiring production of a COVID certificate for entry to most venues including restaurants, gyms and bars.
    (Reuters, 1/16/22)

2022        Jan 18, Maltese lawmaker Roberta Metsola (43) secured overwhelming support to become president of the European Parliament, making her the 3rd woman to hold the post.
    (Reuters, 1/18/22)

2022        Mar 26, Malta held elections. The ruling Labor Party of PM Robert Abela won a third successive five-year term in an election to the 65-seat parliament.
    (Reuters, 3/26/22)(Reuters, 3/27/22)

2022        Apr 3, Pope Francis, struggling with leg pain, said countries should always help those trying to survive "amidst the waves of the sea" as he wrapped up a trip to Malta, one of the Mediterranean countries at the heart of Europe's migration debate.
    (Reuters, 4/3/22)

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