Timeline North Korea

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37BC-668CE    The Koguryo kingdom (Gaogouli in Chinese) flourished during this time. At its height the territory stretched from central Manchuria to south of Seoul, Korea. It was later taught to be one of Korea’s three founding kingdoms.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.8)

1912        Apr 15, Kim Il Sung, North Korea's communist founder and leader (1948-1994), was born. In 1997 this date marked year one in the North Korean calendar.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Korean_calendar)(Econ, 8/15/15, p.13)

1941        Feb 16, Kim Jong Il, son of Kim Il Sung, was born in the far East of the Soviet Union. He took over leadership of North Korea from his father in 1994.

1945        Aug 8, The Soviet Union declared war against Japan. 1.5 million Soviet troops launched a massive surprise attack (August Storm) against Japanese occupation forces in northern China and Korea. Within days, Tokyo's million-man army in the region had collapsed in one of the greatest military defeats in history.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A19)(AP, 8/8/97)(AP, 8/6/05)

1945        Aug 15, Korea was liberated after nearly 40 years of Japanese colonial rule, but it soon faced the tragic division of the North and South along the 38th parallel.
    (www.koreanconsulate.on.ca/en/?mnu=a06b03)(SFC, 6/17/00, p.A9)

1945        Sep 8, Korea was partitioned by the Soviet Union and the United States. The US invaded Japanese-held Korea.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(MC, 9/8/01)

1945        Oct 10, The Workers' Party of Korea (North Korea) was officially founded.
    (AP, 9/28/10)

1945        Dec 27, Foreign ministers from the former Allied nations of the United States, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain agreed to divide Korea into two separate occupation zones and to govern the nation for five years.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1945        Dec, The Soviets installed Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) as chairman of the North Korean branch of the Korean Communist Party.

1948        Jan 23, The Soviets refused UN entry into North Korea to administer elections.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1948        Sep 9, The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) emerged out of Soviet occupation. Kim Il Sung established the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the northern half of the Korean peninsula. Kim Du Bong stood as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly. The North's first military parade had occurred seven months earlier.
    (www.worldstatesmen.org/Korea_North.htm)(AP, 12/28/11)(AP, 9/8/18)

1948        There was a rebellion on Cheju Island. The documentary film “Red Hunt" was about the brutality of the South Korean government during the rebellion.
    (WSJ, 8/12/99, p.A20)

1949        Jun 28, The last U.S. combat troops were called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.
    (HN, 6/28/98)(WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W8)

1949        Jun 29, US troops withdrew from Korea after WW II. [see Jun 28]
    (MC, 6/29/02)

1949        Oct 6, China and Korea established diplomatic relations. Korea became one of the first groups of countries having diplomatic relations with new China.

1950        Jun 25, The Korean War started as forces from the communist North invaded the South. It lasted till 1953. A Truman administration statement that Korea was “outside the US defense perimeter" in the Pacific was said to have invited the attack. Gen. McArthur led a UN expeditionary force in response to North Korea’s attack on South Korea. The Chinese entered the war and the UN forces were pushed into a Christmas retreat. 2.5 million people were killed. No peace treaty was ever signed. Millions died in the three-year conflict, with Seoul's defence ministry putting military fatalities at 520,000 North Koreans, 137,000 Southern troops and 37,000 Americans. In 1990 North Korean officials revealed that Stalin knew about and encouraged North Korea’s aggression as did Mao Tse-Tung.
    (NG, Aug., 1974, p.255)(WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A15)(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-9)(SFEM, 11/10/96, p.12)(SFC, 2/17/96, p.A26)(AP, 6/25/97)(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)(AFP, 6/24/20)

1950        Jun 26, President Truman authorized the US Air Force and Navy to enter the Korean conflict.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

1950        Jul 26-1950 Jul 29, US troops killed up to 300 South Korean refugees trapped under a bridge at No Gun Ri. The villagers had gathered there to avoid strafing from US planes which killed some 100. US troops feared the refugees included infiltrators from North Korea. The killings were not made public until 1999. On Jan 11, 2001 the US Army admitted that civilians were massacred and Pres. Clinton offered his regrets. The US Army blamed the "fog of war" in apology and acknowledgement. In 2007 the Army acknowledged it had found, but did not divulge, that a high-level document said the US military had a policy of shooting approaching civilians in South Korea.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.A1,16)(WSJ, 6/5/00, p.A32)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)(AP, 4/13/07)

1950        Jun 27, North Koreans troop reached Seoul. UN Security Council called on members for troops to aid South Korea.
    (HN, 6/27/98)(MC, 6/27/02)

1950        Jul 24-1950 Jul 27, US orders in the 25th Infantry Division were issued to treat civilians in the Korea battle zone as enemy.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A8)

1950        Aug 18-25, The Battles of the Bowling Alley took place during the Korean War in a narrow valley north of Tabu-dong, Korea on the Taegu-Sangju road. There the U.S. Army‘s 27th Infantry Division and the Republic of Korea‘s (ROK) 1st Infantry Division faced off against a determined effort by the North Korean People‘s Army‘s 1st and 13th Infantry Divisions to break through that segment of the Pusan perimeter. It was part of the overall effort of the ROK forces and the U.S. Eighth Army to stop the North Korean advance.
    (HNQ, 8/24/00)

1950        Aug 31, Three North Korean divisions opened an assault on UN lines on the Naktong River in a push to take Pusan.
    (SSFC, 11/7/04, Par p.4)

1950        Sep 1, US Company C, 1st Battalion of the 23rd Infantry Regiment, was almost completely annihilated as North Korean divisions opened an assault on UN lines on the Naktong River. Only Company C and other elements of the 2nd Infantry Division stood in the path.
    (SSFC, 11/7/04, Par p.4)

1950        Sep 26, General Douglas MacArthur's American X Corps, fresh from the Inchon landing, linked up with the U.S. Eighth Army after its breakout from the Pusan Perimeter. United Nations troops recaptured the South Korean capital of Seoul from the North Koreans. [see Sep 27]
    (AP, 9/26/97)(HN, 9/26/99)

1950        Sep 27, U.S. Army and Marine troops liberated Seoul, South Korea.
    (HN, 9/27/98)

1950        Sep 29, General Douglas MacArthur officially returned Seoul, South Korea, to President Syngman Rhee.
    (HN, 9/29/98)

1950        Sep 30, U.N. forces crossed the 38th parallel separating North and South Korea as they pursued the retreating North Korean Army.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1950        Oct 2, Mao Tse Tung sent a telegram to Stalin. China intervened in Korea.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1950        Oct 30, The First Marine Division was ordered to replace the entire South Korean I Corps at the Chosin Reservoir area.
    (HN, 10/30/98)

1950        Nov 1, In North Korea US Rev. Emil Kapaun (b.1916) began helping the wounded at the 2-day battle of Unsan, where his 8th Cavalry regiment was overrun by Chinese forces. He died in a North Korean POW camp in May, 1951. In 2013 he was awarded the Medal of Honor, an upgrade from an earlier Distinguished Service Cross.
    (SFC, 4/12/13, p.A6)
1950        Nov 1, USSR Communist forces introduced the MiG-15 to the Korean War.

1950        Nov 6, A Chinese offensive was halted at Chongchon River, North Korea.
    (MC, 11/6/01)

1950        Nov 8, The first air-to-air combat between fighter jets took place during an attack on the Sinuiju bridges near the mouth of the Yalu River, when a US Air Force F-80C belonging to the 16th Fighter Squadron encountered a MiG-15.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y5tnkhgb)(The National Interest, 8/4/19)

1950        Nov 9, The first jet-Vs-jet victory in history was scored by Lt. Cdr. William T. Amen, the commanding officer of VF-111 Sundowners in another attack against the Sinuiju bridges, this time conducted by the US Navy aircraft launched from the USS Philippine Sea (CV-47) aircraft carrier. Amen downed a MiG-15 flown by Capt. Mikhail Grachev.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y5tnkhgb)(The National Interest, 8/4/19)

1950        Nov 25, Mao Anying (b.1922), the eldest son of Mao Zedong and Yang Kaihui, was killed by an American air strike during the Korean war.

1950        Nov 26, China entered the Korean conflict, launching a counter-offensive across the Yalu River against soldiers from the United Nations, the United States and South Korea. North Korean and Chinese troops halted the UN offensive. Over the next two weeks Mao Zedong's peasant army drove an army of 350,000 American soldiers and marines and their Korean allies the length of North Korea to hasty evacuation by land and sea.
    (WSJ, 6/24/96, C1)(AP, 11/26/97)(HN, 11/26/98)(Econ., 12/12/20, p.34)

1950        Nov 27, East of the Chosin River, Chinese forces annihilated an American task force. Col. Barber (d.2002 at 82) and 220 soldiers in Fox Company withstood a 5-day assault to protect an escape pass.
    (HN, 11/27/98)(SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)

1950        Nov 30, President Truman declared that the U.S. would use the A-bomb to get peace in Korea.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1950        Nov, In Korea 1st Lt. Ralph Puckett helped the 8th US Army Ranger Company secure  Hill 205 near Unsan against on overwhelming Chinese attack. Puckett drew fire so that Rangers could find and destroy enemy positions. Puckett was wounded in the operation. In 2021 he received the Medal of Honor.
    (SFC, 5/22/21, p.A5)

1950        Dec 1, In North Korea a US company of soldiers encountered a swarming Chinese assault near Kunu-ri. Army Sgt. Richard Desautels was among those captured and taken to a POW compound, known as Camp 5, near Pyoktong. In 2003 Chinese authorities said Desautels became mentally ill and died on April 29, 1953, and was buried in a Chinese cemetery.
    (SFC, 6/20/08, p.A11)

1950        Dec 4, In North Korea the US Navy's first black pilot, Ensign Jesse Brown, was downed in his fighter plane in the Jangjin Reservoir. Wing man Lt. j.g. Thomas Hudner crashed landed his plane in a failed attempt to save Brown. In 2013 Hudner returned to the site of the crash.
    (AP, 7/19/13)

1950        Dec 5, Pyongyang in Korea fell to the invading Chinese army.
    (HN, 12/5/98)

1950        Dec 28, Chinese troops crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1950-1953     The Korean War killed 2.5 million people, with over 2 million of them civilians. 1.2 million soldiers were killed including 34,000 Americans. No peace treaty was ever signed. About 1.7 million Americans were involved and there was an estimated 3 mil casualties including 36,914 Americans and over 1 mil Chinese. In 1999 W.D. Ehrhart and Philip K. Jason edited "Retrieving Bones: Stories and Poems of the Korean War."
    (https://tinyurl.com/yxsk28xa)(NG, Aug., 1974, H. E. Kim, p.255)(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A15) (SFEM, 11/10/96, p.12)(SFC, 2/17/96, p.A26)(SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.3)(WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A22)(Econ, 9/30/17, p.40)

1950-1953    Soviet pilots ran the air war over North Korea and accounted for 70% of the casualties in that part of the conflict.
    (WSJ, 6/13/00, p.A1)

1950-1960    In North Korea the Songbun caste system began to take shape. The word translates as "ingredient" but effectively means "background." Thus was a time when founder Kim Il Sung was forging one of the world's most repressive states and seeking ways to reward supporters and isolate potential enemies. The system pushed peasants to the top of the caste ladder; aristocrats and landlords toward the bottom.
    (AP, 12/29/12)

1951        Jan 4, During the Korean conflict, North Korean and Communist Chinese forces captured the city of Seoul. UN forces abandoned Seoul, Korea to the Communists.
    (AP, 1/4/98)(HN, 1/4/99)

1951        Jan 5, Inchon, South Korea was abandoned by United Nations force to the advancing Chinese Army.
    (HN, 1/5/99)

1951        Jan 17, China refused a cease-fire in Korea.
    (MC, 1/17/02)

1951        Jan 21, Communist troops forced the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack.
    (HN, 1/21/99)

1951        Jan 25, The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea launched Operation Thunderbolt, a counter attack to push the Chinese Army north of the Han River.
    (HN, 1/25/99)

1951        Feb 21, The U. S. Eighth Army launched Operation Killer, a counterattack to push Chinese forces north of the Han River in Korea.
    (HN, 2/21/99)

1951        Mar 7, U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launched Operation Ripper, an offensive to straighten out the U.N. front lines against the Chinese.
    (HN, 3/7/99)

1951        Mar 12, Communist troops were driven out of Seoul.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1951        Apr 22-25, The Battle of Imjin River in the Korean War. The 1st Battalion of the “Glorious" Gloucestershire Regiment made a remarkable last ditch stand to allow the British 29th Brigade to withdraw in the face of the oncoming Chinese army.

1951        Apr 25, After a three day fight against Chinese Communist Forces, the Gloucestershire Regiment was annihilated on “Gloucester Hill," in Korea.
    (HN, 4/25/99)

1951        May 9, The U.S. Far East Air Force launched a strike on Sinuiju, North Korea, on the Yalu River.
    (HN, 5/9/99)

1951        May 16, Chinese Communist Forces launched a second step, fifth-phase offensive [in Korea] and gained up to 20 miles of territory.
    (HN, 5/16/99)

1951        May 19, UN began a counter offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1951        May 21, The U.S. Eighth Army counterattacked to drive the Communist Chinese and North Koreans out of South Korea.
    (HN, 5/21/99)

1951        Sep 13, In Korea, U.S. Army troops began their assault in Heartbreak Ridge. The month-long struggle would cost 3,700 casualties.
    (HN, 9/13/98)
1951        Sep 13, Lt. Daniel J. Marini led 40 marines to capture Hill 712 in Korea near Imjin River. He received a Silver Star in 1997.
    (SFC, 1/9/97, p.A18)
1951        Sep 13, American Lt. Alvin Earl Crane was shot down while on a reconnaissance flight over North Korea. His remains were returned by North Korea in 1990, but positive identification by DNA only took place in 2005.
    (SSFC, 5/14/06, p.B6)

1951        Sep, Some 90 US Marines were killed taking a North Korea ridge called Hill 749. [see Sep 13]
    (SSFC, 5/25/03, Par p.5)

1951        Nov 25, A truce line between U.N. troops and North Korea was mapped out at the peace talks in Panmunjom, Korea.
    (HN, 11/25/00)

1951        Nov 27, Cease-fire and demarcation zone accord was signed in Panmunjom, Korea.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1951        Dec 18, North Koreans gave the Allies a list of 3,100 POWs.
    (HN, 12/18/98)

1951        North Korea's leader Kim Il Sung began sending thousands of orphans to countries including the Soviet Union, Hungary and Poland, pleading with his communist allies to take care of them.
    (AFP, 10/6/18)

1952        Jan 2, In Korea British pilot Desmond Fredrick William Hinton (b.1922) was shot down while on a bombing run targeting railway infrastructure. In 2011 North Korea handed his re-mains over to British officials.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(www.atimes.com/atimes/Korea/KH14Dg01.html)

1952        Mar 18, There was a Communist offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1952        Mar 22, US Navy pilot Kenneth Schechter (d.2013) was among a group of pilots ordered to bomb North Korean rail and truck lines. Schechter’s plane was hit and he was blinded, but managed to make a landing guided by group leader Lt. Howard Thayer.
    (SFC, 12/25/13, p.D2)

1952        Mar 27, Elements of the U.S. Eighth Army reached the 38th parallel in Korea, the original dividing line between the two Koreas.
    (HN, 3/27/99)

1952        Apr 28, War with Japan officially ended as a treaty that had been signed by the United States and 47 other countries took effect. Japan regained independence. The government immediately revoked Japanese nationality from ethnic Koreans, called zainichi. Those loyal to north Korea were called Soren and those loyal to South Korea were called Mindan.
    (AP, 4/28/00)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.40)

1952        Jun 23, The US Air Force bombed power plants on Yalu River, Korea.
    (HN, 6/23/98)

1952        Sep 12, Soviet Lt. Dobrovichin shot down an American B-29 bomber piloted by Capt. Ted G. Royer.
    (WSJ, 6/13/00, p.A1)

1952        Oct 8, The Chinese began an offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1952        Dec 14, Eighty-four Korean Communist prisoners interned on Pongam Island were killed during a riot after attempting to escape.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1953        Mar 10, North Korean gunners at Wonsan fired on the USS Missouri, the ship responds by firing 998 rounds at the enemy position.
    (HN, 3/10/99)

1953        Mar 25, The USS Missouri fired on targets at Kojo, North Korea, the last time her guns fire until the Persian Gulf War of 1992.
    (HN, 3/25/99)

1953        Apr 20, Operation Little Switch began in Korea, the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war.
    (HN, 4/20/99)

1953        Apr 27, US General Mark W. Clark issued Operation Moolah to coincide with Operation Little Switch, an exchange of sick and wounded POWs between the Communist and UN forces in North and South Korea. The US set up Operation Moolah to award $100,000 to the first pilot to defect in a Russian made MiG.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Moolah)(Econ, 5/16/15, p.79)

1953        Jun 7, Pres. Eisenhower announced that proposals for a Korean truce are acceptable to the US and appealed to South Korea to accept terms to stop the war.
    (SFC, 6/6/03, p.E2)

1953        Jul 14, There was a Communist offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1953        Jul 25, A truce ended the Korean War.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)

1953        Jul 27,    An armistice ending fighting in the three-year Korean War was signed by representatives of the United Nations, Korea and China in Panmunjom. Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison represented the UN and Gen. Nam Il represented North Korea. General Mark Clark, commander of the UN forces, added his signature to the armistice agreement. Armistice negotiations had begun in July 1951, when the outlook for reunifying North and South Korea became bleak, and fighting continued. The cease-fire provided for an exchange of prisoners of war and established a 2 ½ mile wide demilitarized zone and a demarcation line at the 38th parallel. Not all aspects of the agreement, however, were finalized—the UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea was not suspended until 1977. N. Korea measures 46,540 sq. miles, its population in 1974 was ~15 million people. 33,651 Americans had died and 8,000 were still missing in 2000.
    (NG, 8/74, p.255)(TMC, 1994, p.1953)(WSJ, 6/24/96, C1)(WUD, 1994, p.1685)(HNPD, 7/27/98)(HN, 7/27/98)(SFEC, 5/9/99, p.T10)(SFEC, 6/25/00, Par p.5)(SFC, 7/25/03, p.E6)

1953        Jul 27, Four neutral countries, Sweden, Switzerland, Poland and Czechoslovakia, were charged with referring the armistice.
    (WSJ, 3/17/00, p.A1)

1953        Aug 5, Operation "Big Switch" was under way as prisoners taken during the Korean conflict were exchanged at Panmunjom.
    (AP, 8/5/03)

1953        Sep 21, North Korean pilot Lieutenant No Kum Sok defected and landed his aircraft at Kimpo airfield outside Seoul. He collected a reward while denying any knowledge of a bounty. American scientists were able to examine the Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15, powered by a jet engine superior to those then used in American fighter planes. It first saw combat in Korea during November 1950, where its performance shifted the balance of air power to Russian-backed North Korea.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_Kum-sok)(HNPD, 9/28/98)

1953        Nov 23, North Korea signed 10-year aid pact with Peking.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1953        Dec 26, U.S. was to withdraw two divisions from Korea.
    (HN, 12/26/98)

1953        A group of 1,200 North Korean orphans arrived at the small, forested village of Plakowice, where they lived in a former hospital building for six years under the care of Polish teachers. In 2018 the documentary film "The Children Gone to Poland" premiered at the Busan International Film Festival in South Korea.
    (AFP, 10/6/18)

1954        Jan 20, Over 22,000 anti-Communist prisoners were turned over to the UN forces in Korea.
    (HN, 1/20/99)

1959         North Korea began the massive repatriation program to make up for workers killed in the Korean War and bring overseas Koreans back home. The program continued to seek recruits, many of them originally from South Korea, until 1984. In 2021 a Japanese court summoned North Korea's leader Kim Jong Un to face demands for compensation by several ethnic Korean residents of Japan who say they suffered human rights abuses in North Korea after joining a resettlement program there.
    (AP, 9/7/21)

1961        Jul 11, China and North Korea signed the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance. This committed China to defend North Korea if attacked.
    (www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/wjb/zzjg/yzs/gjlb/2701/default.htm)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.25)

1962        May, US Pvt. Larry Abshier (19) deserted to North Korea and later died there of natural causes.
    (SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)

1962        Aug 15, US Pvt. James Joseph Dresnok (21) defected to North Korea. His wife had recently divorced him and he faced a court-martial. A British film crew met with Dresnok in 2004. A documentary about his defection, "Crossing the Line," was released in 2006 and made it to DVD in 2008.
    (SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)(AFP, 1/29/07)(http://tinyurl.com/m59l5v)

1963        Dec, US Cpl. Jerry W. Parrish (19) deserted to North Korea and later died there of natural causes.
    (SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)

1965        Jan 5, Charles Robert Jenkins (b.1940) deserted his US Army post at the Korean DMZ hoping to be arrested, turned over to Russia and returned to the US. His plan failed and he ended up living in North Korea where he married Hitomi Soga, a Japanese woman kidnapped by North Korea in the 1970s. In 2004 Jenkins reunited with his wife in Indonesia and in September turned himself in to US military authorities in Japan. [see Sep 1, 1965] In 2008 Jenkins with Jim Frederick authored “The Reluctant Communist: My Desertion, Court-Martial, and Forty-Year Imprisonment in North Korea."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Robert_Jenkins)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 5/23/04, p.A18)(WSJ, 7/12/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/1/04)(WSJ, 3/13/08, p.D9)

1965        Japan’s recognition of South Korea enabled Koreans in Japan to become South Korean. Koreans who did not became North Korean by default and went to Japan’s North Korean schools.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, p.38)

1966        North Vietnam accepted an offer by North Korea to send three companies of pilots who would form a regiment equipped with 30 aircraft in total. They were to wear North Vietnamese uniforms and Vietnam would provide the aircraft, facilities and equipment. Only in 2000-2001 was the participation of the North Korean pilots officially acknowledged by Hanoi and Pyongyang.
    (AP, 2/19/19)

1967        Jan 19, North Korean artillery batteries fired on and sank ROKN PCE-56 off the north Korean east coast killing 39 South Korean sailors.
    (AP, 3/27/10)(www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/dmz-list.htm)

1968        Jan 21, A group of 31 North Korean commandos trudged undetected for about 40 miles from the border to the presidential Blue House of South Korean President Park Chung-hee in downtown Seoul. South Korean security forces repelled the assault. 28 North Koreans and 34 South Koreans were killed.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A8)(AP, 12/25/03)

1968        Jan 23, North Korea seized the U.S. Navy intelligence ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the communist nation's territorial waters on a spying mission. One crewman was killed in the attack. Cmdr. Lloyd Bucher (d.2004 at 76) was quickly separated from the 81-man crew. The crew was released 11 months later.
    (NG, 8/74, p.266)(AP, 1/23/98)(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A15)(SFC, 1/30/04, p.A25)

1969        Apr 15, North Korea shot down a US airplane above the Sea of Japan. All 31 men aboard the plane were believed dead.

1968        Apr, The South Korean Silmido Unit was forged of misfits to "blast Kim Il Sung's palace in Pyongyang and cut his throat."
    (AP, 12/25/03)

1968        Dec 23, The 82 crew members of the US intelligence ship Pueblo were released by North Korea, 11 months after they had been captured.
    (AP, 12/23/97)

1970        Apr 30, Yoshimi Tanaka and a group of students of the Red Army Faction, including Shiro Akagi, seized a Japan Airlines jet and flew to Pyongyang, N. Korea, in Japan's first ever case of air piracy. In 1996 Tanaka was sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3c4bk7)(www.tkb.org/KeyLeader.jsp?memID=102)(AP, 6/5/07)

1970        Apr, North Korea intercepted a South Korean fishing trawler. Most of the crew were later repatriated but Lee Jae-geun, owner of the trawler, was held for three decades before he escaped home.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, SR p.3)

1971        May 10, Kim Jong Nam, son of Kim Jong il, was born to Sung Hye Rim, a celebrated actress.
    (SFC, 5/4/01, p.A15)

1971         Aug 23, South Korea's Silmido Unit, organized in 1968 to kill North Korea's Kim Il Sung, rebelled and murdered 18 of its 24 trainers. A film titled "Silmido" was released Dec 24, 2003.
    (AP, 12/25/03)

1972        Jul 4, Lee Hu-rak (1924-2009), South Korean President Park Chung-hee’s top intelligence officer, helped broker a joint statement in which the two Koreas agreed to work toward peacefully reunifying their divided peninsula. The July 4 joint communique was hailed as the first major accord between the Koreas on unification since the Korean War ended with a fragile truce in 1953.
    (AP, 10/31/09)

1972        Dec 28, A North Korean navy ship seized 25 South Korean fishermen aboard two boats. In 2013 Jeon Wook-Pyo, one of the 25, escaped an d made it back to South Korea.
    (AFP, 9/13/13)

1972        North Korean leader Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) proclaimed an edict saying up to three generations must be punished in order to wipe out the “seed" of class enemies.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Il-sung)

1973        Sep, In North Korea Kim Jong Il assumed the Workers Party's No. 2 post, the secretary for the party's organization, guidance and propaganda affairs.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

1973        Dec 10, North Korea and India established diplomatic ties.
    (AFP, 2/7/06)(http://tinyurl.com/4vzdbf)

1973        North Korea made a filmed version of the 8-act opera "The Flower Girl" and showed it across China.
    (WSJ, 2/23/99, p.A20)
1973        Kim Jong il, son of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung, authored “On the Subject of the Cinema." A collection of his reviews, titled “The Art of Cinema," was published in 2001.

1974        Feb, Kim Jong Il was elected to the Political Bureau of the Workers Party's Central Committee and formally becomes North Korea's future leader.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

1975        Aug, North Korea seized 33 South Korean fisherman near their maritime border. In 2006 Choi Uk-il, one of the 33, escaped to China and returned home to South Korea.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.38)(www.asiafinest.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=102448)

1976        Aug 18, Two U.S. Army officers were killed in Korea's demilitarized zone as a group of North Korean soldiers wielding axes and metal pikes attacked U.S. and South Korean soldiers. Major Arthur G. Bonifas was attacked and beaten to death by North Korean soldiers as he attempted to cut down a poplar tree in the DMZ.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, p.T8)(AP, 8/18/02)

1977        Mar 9, Pres. Carter proposed an end to travel restrictions to Cuba, Vietnam, N. Korea and Cambodia effective as of March 18.

1977        Nov 15, Megumi Yokota (13) disappeared after school in Niigata, Japan. It was later suspected that she, and possibly 9 others, had been kidnapped by North Korea. Shigeru Yokota (d.2020) found out 20 years later that his daughter had been abducted to North Korea.  In 2002 N. Korea admitted the kidnapping. In 2014 Yokota's parents spent several days with their 26-year old granddaughter, Kim Eun Gyong, in the Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megumi_Yokota)(SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A25)(SFC, 9/18/02, p.A10)(Reuters, 3/16/14)(AP, 6/6/20)

1977        North Korea passed a land law whereby all land was made property of the state and co-operatives, with no rights for sale or purchase. By 2007 even the government was involved in apartment transactions to satisfy demand for up-market housing.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.48)
1978        Jan, South Korean actress Choi Eun Hee (b.1928), while visiting Hong Kong, was kidnapped to North Korea. Two weeks later her husband, Shin Sang Ok, prominent South Korean producer and director, was searching for her in Hong Kong when he was knocked out with chloroform and shipped to North Korea. In 1986 Sang-Ok (d.2006) and his wife, while on a promotional trip, fled to a US embassy in Vienna.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bnoq)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.90)

1978        Jul, Yasushi Chimura (23) and Fukie Hamamoto (23) disappeared from Japan. In 2002 they were listed among those kidnapped by N. Korea.
    (SFC, 9/18/02, p.A10)
1978        Jul, Kaoru Hasuike (20) and Yukiko Okudo (22) disappeared from Japan. In 2002 they were listed among those kidnapped by N. Korea.
    (SFC, 9/18/02, p.A10)

1979        A North Korean chemist in 2004 reported that he witnessed the death of 2 men this year as the regime tested chemical weapons on political prisoners.
    (AP, 3/4/04)

1980        Oct 10, In North Korea Kim Jong Il's status as the country's future leader was made public at the Workers' Party congress, where he takes up other top positions.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

1980        Oct, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe signed an agreement with the North Korean President, Kim Il Sung that they would train a brigade for the Zimbabwe National Army.

1980-1982    Luise Rinser (d.2002), German author, visited North Korea 3 times and later authored “Diary of a North Korean Journey."
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A20)

1981         Aug, In Zimbabwe 106 North Koreans arrived to train the new brigade for the National Army. North Korean-trained troops loyal to President Robert Mugabe massacred thousands of civilians as the government tried to crush an uprising led by Joshua Nkomo in the 1980s.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zimbabwean_Fifth_Brigade)(AP, 9/29/10)

1983        Jan 8, In North Korea Kim Jong Il's third and youngest son Jong Un is believed to have been born.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

1983        Oct 9, The president of South Korea, Chun Doo Hwan, with his cabinet and other top officials were scheduled to lay a wreath on a monument in Rangoon, Burma, when a bomb exploded. Hwan had not yet arrived so escaped injury, but 17 Koreans, including the deputy prime minister and two other cabinet members, and two Burmese were killed. North Korea was blamed. In the “Rangoon Massacre" a terrorist attack plotted by North Korea killed 17 South Korean officials on a visit to Burma.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A18)(HN, 10/9/98)

1983        Keiko Arimoto was lured to N. Korea while job hunting in Denmark. In 2002 N. Korea admitted to having kidnapped her and listed her as dead.
    (SFC, 9/18/02, p.A10)

1984        The North Korean film “Emissary of No Return" won Best Director at a film festival in Czechoslovakia. It was directed by Shin Sang-ok, kidnapped from South Korea in 1978.
    (Econ., 3/21/15, p.76)

1984-1998    Ri Jong Ok (d.1999 at 83) served as vice president. He had helped Kim Il Sung build the North Korean Communist State.
    (SFC, 9/24/99, p.D6)

1986        North Korea started a 5-megawatt nuclear reactor at Yongbyon after seven years of construction with Soviet help.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)
1986        Choe Deok-sin (aka Choi Dok Shin) (1914-1989), a former South Korean foreign minister, defected to North Korea along with his wife Ryu Mi-yong (1921-2016). In 2019 their son , Choe In-guk, also defected to North Korea.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choe_Deok-sin)(SFC, 7/9/19, p.A4)

1987        Nov 29, A Korean Air jetliner, Flight 858, disappeared off Burma over the Indian Ocean, with the loss of all 115 people aboard. North Korean spies had planted a time-bomb on the South Korean Air jet a day earlier and got off in Abu Dhabi. Kim Hyon-hui and her accomplice were arrested two days later in Bahrain, where they tried to kill themselves by taking cyanide. The man died, but Kim recovered and was extradited to Seoul. She was convicted of the bombing and was sentenced to death. Even while on trial, she won admirers for her classic good looks. She was eventually pardoned and became a best-selling author, writing books about her time as a spy.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A18)(AP, 11/29/97)(AP, 7/20/10)

1987        Kim Jong il, son of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung, authored the treatise: “Theory of Cinematic Art."
1987        In North Korea work began on the pyramid-shaped, 105-story Ryugyong Hotel in Pyongyang. Two new walkways to the hotel, the world’s tallest unoccupied building.
    (SFC, 8/1/17, p.A4)
1987        Lim Kook-Jae (33), a South Korean fisherman, was abducted in the Yellow Sea. In 2008 he died at one of the North's political camps in the northeastern port of Chongjin after failed attempts to escape.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)

1988        North Korea introduced a national public pension. As of 2013 less than a third of those aged 65 or more received one.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, SR p.8)

1989        May 1, In North Korea the Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, also known as the May Day Stadium, was completed in Pyongyang.

1991        Sep 17, The U.N. General Assembly opened its 46th session, welcoming new members Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, North and South Korea, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia.
    (AP, 9/17/01)

1991        Dec 13, North Korea and South Korea signed a non-aggression agreement aimed at eventual reconciliation.
    (AP, 12/13/01)

1991        Dec 14, Former East German leader Erich Honecker, facing extradition to Germany and trial on manslaughter charges, was offered asylum in North Korea.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1991        Dec 24, In North Korea Kim Jong Il (b.1942) became head of the armed forces under his ruling father, Kim Il Sung.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.49)(AP, 12/28/11)

1991        North Korea declared the 4-country armistice referee group a "non-existent organization."
    (WSJ, 3/17/00, p.A1)

1992        The two Koreas agreed in a pact to continue talks to demarcate the sea border while respecting the Northern Limit Line (NLL) until a new border is set.
    (AP, 8/29/07)

1992        Rev. Billy Graham went to North Korea at the invitation of late North Korean President Kim Il Sung. Graham returned again in 1994.
    (AP, 10/13/09)

1993        Mar 11, North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in a harsh rebuff of Western demands to open suspected nuclear weapons development sites for inspection. It later suspended its withdrawal.
    (AP, 3/11/98)(AP, 4/24/03)

1993        Apr, In North Korea Kim Jong Il was named Chairman of the National Defense Commission.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

1993        Jun 11, North Korea pulled Asia back from the brink of a possible nuclear arms race by reversing its decision to withdraw from a treaty preventing spread of nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1993        Jul 10, President Clinton ended his visit to Japan, then traveled to South Korea, where in a speech to the National Assembly he denounced communist North Korea for raising the specter of "nuclear annihilation."
    (AP, 7/10/98)

1993        North Korea refused to recognize the new Czech Republic as a replacement to Czechoslovakia in the 4-country armistice referee group.
    (WSJ, 3/17/00, p.A1)

1993        Russia annulled an agreement obliging it to come to the aid of North Korea in case of attack.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-9)

1994        Mar 19, Talks between North Korea and South Korea collapsed, imperiling a U.S.-brokered deal to resolve the North Korean nuclear dispute.
    (AP, 3/19/99)

1994        May 30, The U.N. Security Council warned North Korea to stop refueling a nuclear reactor and allow U.N. monitors to perform full inspections.
    (AP, 5/30/99)

1994        Jun 11, The United States, South Korea and Japan agreed to seek punitive steps against North Korea over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 6/11/99)

1994        Jun 16, Former President Jimmy Carter, on a private visit to North Korea, reported the Communist nation's leaders were eager to resume talks with the United States on resolving disputes about Pyongyang's nuclear program and improving relations. Carter made history as the first former US president to visit North Korea. Carter's unofficial four-day visit included a meeting with then-North Korean leader Kim Il Sung. His intervention headed off a potential conflict and helped seal an aid-for-disarmament agreement that lasted nearly a decade.
    (AP, 6/16/99)(AP, 3/9/18)

1994        Jun 18, The presidents of North Korea and South Korea agreed to hold a historic summit. Plans were disrupted by the death of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung on July 8.
    (AP, 6/18/99)

1994        Jun 28, North and South Korea set July 25-27 as the dates for a historic summit. The summit was derailed by the death of North Korean President Kim Il Sung on Jul 8.
    (AP, 6/28/99)

1994        Jul 8, Kim Il Sung ("Great Leader"), North Korea's communist leader since 1948, died at age 82. His son Kim Jong Il ("The Dear Leader") succeeded him.
    (AP, 7/8/97)(WSJ, 6/26/97, p.A14)

1994        Jul 9, Planned talks between North Korea and South Korea were put on hold following the death of North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung.
    (AP, 7/9/99)

1994        Jul 19, Funeral services were held for North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung, who had died July 8 at age 82.
    (AP, 7/19/99)

1994        Oct 21, United States and North Korea signed an agreement requiring the communist nation to halt its nuclear program and agree to inspections. Fuel rods from North Korea’s nuclear reactor were to be shipped out of the country, but that did not happen. The deal unraveled eight years later. Kang Sok Ju (1939-2016) was Pyongyang's chief negotiator.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kang_Sok-ju)(AP, 10/21/99)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.41)(Econ, 7/25/15, p.23)

1994        Oct, Kim Jong Ryul, a North Korean colonel who spent two decades going on European shopping sprees for his country's rulers, faked his death at the end of one of his trips and started a new, secret life in Austria in the hope that the oppressive regime would crumble within years. He left behind a wife and two children. In 2010 Austrian journalists Ingrid Steiner-Gashi and Dardan Gashi authored an account of Ryul’s work for Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 3/5/10)

1994        Nov 14, President Clinton, in Indonesia, met one-on-one with the leaders of China, Japan and South Korea, winning pledges to keep the pressure on North Korea to freeze its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/13/99)
1994        Nov 14, U.S. experts visited North Korea's main nuclear complex for the first time under an accord aimed at opening such sites to outside inspections.
    (AP, 11/14/99)

1994        Dec 17, North Korea shot down a U.S. Army helicopter which had strayed north of the demilitarized zone -- the co-pilot, Chief Warrant Officer David Hilemon, was killed; the pilot, Chief Warrant Officer Bobby Hall, was captured and held for nearly two weeks.
    (AP, 12/17/99)

1994        Dec 22, North Korea handed over the body of American pilot David Hilemon, killed when his helicopter was shot down over the communist country three days earlier.
    (AP, 12/22/99)

1994        Dec 29, U.S. officials confirmed the release in North Korea of Army helicopter pilot Bobby Hall, 12 days after he was captured in a shootdown in which co-pilot David Hilemon was killed. Due to the time difference, it was Dec. 30 in Korea when Hall crossed the demilitarized zone to freedom.
    (AP, 12/29/04)

1994        An accord called the Agreed Framework was made in which North Korea pledged to give up its nuclear weapons program in exchange for billions in Western aid.
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A8)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A28)
1994        Aoyama, a Japanese-born North Korean engineer, began spying for Japan. In 1997 as an industrial spy in Beijing he confirmed that North Korea had developed a nuclear bomb.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.F5)

1995        Mar, The Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) was formed. It was charged with building 2 light-water reactors in North Korea.
    (WSJ, 1/30/03, p.A1)

1995        North Korea expelled Poland as a member of the armistice referee group.
    (WSJ, 3/17/00, p.A1)

1995-1998    In 1999 North Korea reported that some 220,000 people died from famine over this period. South Korean officials estimated that the population had fallen from 25 million to 23 million. In 1998 a US congressional delegation estimated the number to be 2 million.
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A21)
1996        May 20, The US paid North Korea $2 million to help recover the remains of US soldiers killed during the Korean War.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-11)

1996        May 23, A North Korean pilot flew his unarmed Mig-19 jet to South Korea. Capt. Lee Chul Soo (30) was the first pilot to defect since 1983.
    (SFC, 5/24/96, p.A12)

1996        Jun 17, The UN sponsored Conference on Disarmament agreed to admit 23 new members, among them Iraq, Syria, Israel, North Korea and South Africa.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A10)

1996        Jun 19, A pending application for membership in the International Air Transport Association by North Korea could be accepted as early as next month.
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A10)

1996        Aug 15, In South Korea some 6,000 police clashed with 7,000 students who protested for reunification with North Korea and the removal of 37,000 US troops.
    (SFC, 8/16/96, p.A17)

1996        Aug 24, In North Korea American Evan Carl Hunzike was arrested for spying. He entered illegally from China to get information on the domestic situation.
    (SFEC, 10/7/96, A8)

1996        Sep 15, In North Korea the Rajin-Sonbong Free Economic and Trade Zone, a 288 sq. ml. area with a local population of 140,000, was being established behind barbed wire in the northeast corner.
    (SFC, 9/15/96, p.A15)

1996        Sep 18, A North Korean submarine went aground off the coast of South Korea. The bodies of 11 crewmen were found dead nearby. Another 8-9 men were still at large. Seven more were found the next day and shot to death.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 9/20/96, p.A14)

1996        Sep 22, In South Korea the captain of the North Korean submarine, recently grounded, was tracked down and killed. Another infiltrator and 2 South Korean soldiers were also killed in 2 clashes.
    (SFC, 9/23/96, A10)

1996        Nov 27, Evan C. Hunziker, an American jailed by North Korea on spy charges, was set free, ending a three-month ordeal.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1996        A North Korean defector in 1997 claimed that the government had  banned abortions and was encouraging women to bear children to increase the population in order to maintain the army.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A13)

1997        Jun 30, North Korea agreed to hold talks with South Korea in NYC beginning Aug 5.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)

1997        Oct 8, In North Korea Kim Jong Il was named General Secretary of the Workers' Party,  the country’s top leadership post.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C2)(AP, 12/28/11)

1997        Nov 26, In a small but symbolic step, the United States and North Korea held high-level discussions at the State Department for the first time.
    (AP, 11/26/98)

1997        Kim Dok Hong, a senior member of North Korea’s ruling Worker’s Party, defected through China to Seoul.
    (WSJ, 1/7/03, p.A1)

1998        May 4, The Clinton administration invoked sanctions against North Korea and Pakistan for a secret 1997 missile deal. Pakistan’s military named the acquired missile, Ghauri, after a famous Muslim warrior who slew a Hindu emperor named Prithvi, the name of a Russian made Indian missile.
    (SFC, 5/14/98, p.A16)

1998        Jul 15, A letter, supposedly written by Jo Byong Ho, a North Korean official, was said to be addressed to Pakistani nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan. It said that the chief of the Pakistani Army, Gen. Jehangir Karamat, had been paid $3 million and asked that “agreed documents and components" be placed on a North Korean plane after delivering missile parts to Pakistan. The evidence suggested that Pakistan’s top military officials were involved in the secret sale of equipment to North Korea that enabled it to begin enriching uranium.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A4)

1998        Oct 24, Officials from the US, China and North and South Korea seeking a permanent peace for the divided Korean peninsula announced in Geneva they had removed the last obstacles to full-blown talks.
    (AP, 10/24/03)

1998        Dec 10, In North Korea it was reported that a Fall scientific survey found that 62% of the children under 7 years old suffered from stunted growth due to malnutrition. An entire generation of children were feared to be physically and mentally impaired.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C5)

1998        South Korea began running a tourist resort at Geumgangsan (Mount Diamond), just on the northern side of the divided Korean peninsula. Hyundai Asan began operating the 4,900-acre compound. The collaboration halted in 2008 following the shooting death of a South Korean tourist. In 2001 North Korea told South Korean tourism officials to leave the resort.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.49)(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.W7)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A2)

1999        Jan 16, The US and North Korea opened talks on inspections of a suspected underground nuclear facility.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 17, US talks with North Korea over inspection of an underground nuclear site were adjourned. North Korea demanded $300 million in compensation to inspect the Kumchangni site.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A14)

1999        Mar 16, North Korea agreed to allow US inspectors to visit a suspected nuclear weapons site in exchange for assistance to increase potato yields.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.A8)

1999        Mar 22, The Clinton administration announced new food deals for North Korea to total $60 million.
    (WSJ, 3/23/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 1, A US report on policy with North Korea indicated that North Korea was involved in the production and distribution of narcotics. An area 10-17 thousand acres was estimated to be under poppy cultivation with opium production at 30-44 annual metric tons.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A10)

1999        May 17, The US announced a 400,000 ton food aid donation to North Korea, as inspectors flew in to check on nuclear weapons development.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.C12)

1999        May 27, In North Korea US inspectors found an empty tunnel at a suspected nuclear arms site.
    (WSJ, 5/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 2, The International Atomic Energy Agency, the U.N. atomic watchdog, reported it could no longer verify the status of North Korea's nuclear program, prompting the United States to seek economic sanctions.
    (AP, 6/2/04)

1999        Jun 11, South Korean ships rammed and briefly repelled 4 North Korean patrol boats. North Korea warned South Korea to withdraw warships from disputed waters in the Yellow Sea on the 5th day of a standoff.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A13)(SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

1999        Jun 13, North Korea agreed to talk to UN military officers in an attempt to resolve the naval confrontations with South Korea.
    (SFC, 6/14/99, p.A13)

1999        Jun 14, South Korean warships sank a North Korean torpedo boat and damaged another in the Yellow Sea.
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 22, Talks between North and South Korea broke down after 90 minutes as North Korea demanded and apology from South Korea for the naval clash in the Yellow Sea where some 30 North Korean sailors were believed to have died in a June 15 shootout.
    (SFC, 6/23/99, p.A14)

1999        Jul 3, In Beijing talks between the North and South Korea collapsed.
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A22)

1999        Jul 26, Japanese government officials and US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright issued a threat of economic and diplomatic consequences to North Korea if it fires another rocket over Japanese territory.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A10)

1999        Aug 4, It was reported that flooding in North Korea had claimed 42 lives.
    (WSJ, 8/4/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 2, North Korea declared a new demilitarized zone with South Korea that placed 5 islands controlled by South Korea with North Korean territory.
    (SFC, 9/3/99, p.A9)

1999        Sep 12, North Korea agreed indirectly to freeze its missile testing program.
    (SFC, 9/13/99, p.A10)

1999        Sep 17, The US lifted key parts of its trade embargo against North Korea following North Korea's pledge to refrain from testing long-range missiles.
    (SFC, 9/18/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec, A US-led group signed a $4.6 billion contract to build two nuclear reactors in North Korea.
    (AP, 4/24/03)

1999        Nicholas Eberstadt published "The End of North Korea." He viewed the country's political decline as imminent and its economic decline as irreversible.
    (WSJ, 1/6/00, p.A20)

1999        Abdul Qadeer Khan, a Pakistani scientist, visited North Korea and was shown 3 nuclear devices according to a report he made public in 2004.
    (SFC, 4/13/04, p.A1)

2000        Apr 9, North and South Korea agreed to a summit meeting in June.
    (SFC, 4/10/00, p.A1)

2000        May 18, North and South Korea agreed to an agenda for their 1st summit meeting.  In 2003 it was reported that South Korea's Hyundai business group drew $186 million from a government-owned bank shortly before the summit and allegedly spent the money on unspecified projects in the North. In 2006 it was reported that Hyundai sent some $500 million to Kim Jong Il to secure the June 13, 2000, summit with Pres. Kim Dae-jung.
    (WSJ, 5/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/1/03)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.49)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.76)

2000        May 29, North Korean leader Kim Jong il began a 3-day to China and met with Pres. Jiang Zemin and the ruling Communist Party’s inner circle. He received promises of free food and other material assistance. Kim Jong Il had not visited China since 1983.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.A16)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.36)

2000        May, A visiting inspection team found a tunnel complex, suspected of being a nuclear arms project, unchanged from a year ago.
    (WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 13, Pres. Kim Jong il of North Korea met with Pres. Kim Dae Jung of South Korea in the 1st meeting ever between leaders of the 2 countries. They agreed to try to satisfy their people’s desire for reconciliation. Border loudspeakers that blasted insults at South Korea were shut off.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A10)(SFC, 6/14/00, p.A1)(SFC, 6/17/00, p.A9)

2000        Jun 14, Pres. Kim Jong il of North Korea and Pres. Kim Dae Jung of South Korea pledged concrete steps toward unifying their divided peninsula and signed an agreement to allow visits for some families separated for the last five decades.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 19, The Clinton administration moved to lift trade sanctions against North Korea.
    (SFC, 6/20/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun 21, North Korea extended its ban on missile flight-testing and the US responded with plans to renew talks to curb the long-range missile program.
    (SFC, 6/22/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun 30, North and South Korea signed an agreement to allow 100 people each to reunite with families across their border beginning Aug 15.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 19, In North Korea Russia’s Pres. Putin met with Kim Jong il. Kim promised to abandon his missile program if other states provide technology for “peaceful space research.’ Kim later said this was just a joke.
    (SFC, 7/20/00, p.A13)(WSJ, 8/15/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 27, North Korea joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.D3)

2000        Jul 30, North and South Korea agreed to hold regular high-level talks and to re-open their suspended border liaisons to implement earlier agreements.
    (SFEC, 7/30/00, p.A2)

2000        Jul 31, North and South Korea agreed to reopen border liaison offices and reconnect a railway linking their capitals.
    (AP, 7/31/01)

2000        Aug 15, One hundred people from North Korea and 100 people from South Korea held temporary reunions with family members not seen in 50 years.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.A13)

2000        Sep 15, Groundbreaking for a new highway between North and South Korea was scheduled.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D5)

2000        Sep 1, South Korea repatriated 63 North Korean spies as a gesture of reconciliation.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A13)

2000        Sep 17, In Korea a ground-breaking ceremony was held at Imjingak for a railroad to connect the capitals of North and South Korea.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)

2000        Sep 25, In Cheju, South Korea, the North and South Korea defense ministers, Cho Sung Tae and Kim Il Chul, met and pledged to work for reconciliation.
    (SFC, 9/26/00, p.A11)

2000        Oct 10, Pres. Clinton met with Vice Marshal Jo Myong Rok, the most senior North Korean official to ever visit the US.
    (WSJ, 10/10/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 12, North Korea’s Vice-Marshal Jo Myong Rok presented Pres. Clinton with a personal invitation from Pres. Kim to visit Pyongyang. The Clinton administration and North Korea issued a joint communique asserting a decision to “fundamentally improve" their relations.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A17)(WSJ, 1/2/03, p.A1)

2000        Oct 22, US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright arrived in North Korea to pave the way for a possible visit by Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 23, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright held groundbreaking talks in North Korea with communist leader Kim Jong il.
    (AP, 10/23/01)

2000        Oct 24, In North Korea Kim Jong il promised not to launch any ballistic missiles during talks with US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright in return for a package that included the launch of a North Korean satellite.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A17)(WSJ, 10/25/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 30, North and South Korea made their 2nd exchange of 100 relatives each. Some 100,000 South Koreans were on waiting lists for family visits.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.D8)

2000        Kang Chol-Hwan authored “The Aquariums of Pyongyang," one of the first published accounts of the North Korean gulags.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.D1)
2000        North Korea launched a nationwide fiber optic intranet known as Kwangmyong (bright).
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.43)
2000        The population numbered 21,386,109.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A1)

2001        cFeb 25, A 3rd reunion began as groups of 100 arrived in North and South Korea.
    (WSJ, 2/26/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 24, EU leaders ended a 2 day meeting in Stockholm announced that they would dispatch a team of mediators to help the peace process between North and South Korea.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C6)

2001        Apr 15, The 1st Pyongyang International Marathon was set to start and end at the 70,000 Kim Il Sung Stadium.
    (WSJ, 4/9/01, p.A22)

2001        Apr 17, It was reported that the most recent harvest was the worst since the famine of 1997 and that only two-thirds of the food it needs was produced. Dr. Vollertsen, a German physician who worked there for 18 months (1999-2000) wrote in an editorial: “Peasants, slaves to the regime, lead lives of utter destitution… North Korea suffers from society-wide fear and depression because of the cruel system… The people can’t help themselves, they are brainwashed, and too afraid to overthrow their rulers."
    (WSJ, 4/17/01, p.A14,20)

2001        May 1, In Japan Kim Jong Nam (29), the son of Kim Jong il of North Korea, was detained with his son as they attempted to visit Tokyo’s Disneyland. They were later deported to China.
    (SFC, 5/4/01, p.A14)

2001        May 2, In North Korea Kim Jong il agreed to hold talks with visiting EU officials about his missile program and tensions with South Korea. Kim Jong il announced that North Korea would launch no ballistic missiles until 2003.
    (WSJ, 5/3/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/4/01, p.A14)

2001        May 14, The European Commission announced that it would establish diplomatic ties with North Korea.
    (WSJ, 5/15/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 6, Pres. Bush announced plans to restart negotiations with North Korea on issues ranging from missile production to border soldier deployment.
    (SFC, 6/7/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 13, It was reported that record droughts persisted in Afghanistan northern China, North Korea, Mongolia and Tajikistan.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, p.D4)

2001        Jul 25, Kim Jong il of North Korea rode by rail into Russia for a meeting with Pres. Putin.
    (WSJ, 7/26/01, p.A11)

2001        Jul, The US State Department reported that North Korea was going ahead with development of its long-range missile.
    (AP, 4/24/03)

2001        Aug 3, Kim Jong il arrived in Moscow following 9-day train ride from North Korea.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A10)

2001        Aug 4, In Moscow Kim Jong il and Pres. Putin signed a joint statement declaring that North Korea’s missile program is not designed to threaten any nation.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A12)(AP, 8/4/02)

2001        Sep 2, North Korea announced a desire to reopen stalled peace talks with South Korea.
    (SFC, 9/3/01, p.A8)

2001        Sep 6, North and South Korea agreed to resume talks next week.
    (SFC, 9/7/01, p.A16)

2001        Sep 15, North and South  Korea began a 4-day series of meetings.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A28)

2001        Sep 17, In South Korea negotiators for the North and South concluded 2 days of talks and agreed on an exchange of family visits. The North agreed to soon begin construction on its side of a railroad to link the 2 sides.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.B10)

2001        Oct 16, It was reported that flooding in North Korea had killed at least 81 people and damaged vast amounts of cropland over the last week. This portended an 8th year of food shortages.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 26, North Korea said it was no longer interested in dialogue with the US due to Pres. Bush’s recent description of North Korea as “so suspicious and secretive."
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A9)

2001        Dec 22, A fishing boat from North Korea, suspected of spying, exchanged fire with Japanese coast vessels and sank after a 6-hour chase. 15 crewmen were lost. 2 bodies were later recovered. North Korea later denied any links to the fishing boat and accused Japan of a “smear campaign."
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A15)(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/27/01, p.A5)

2001        In 2004 the UN gathered evidence suggesting the North Korea supplied Libya with nearly 2 tons of uranium in 2001.
    (WSJ, 5/24/04, p.A1)

2002        Jan 29, Pres. Bush made his 1st State of the Union address and declared that the “war against terror is only beginning." Bush singled out Iran, Iraq and North Korea as an “axis of evil."
    (SFC, 1/30/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/02, p.A1)

2002        Feb 19, President Bush opened a two-day visit to South Korea. Bush urged the “despotic regime" in North Korea to reunite with the free South.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A14)(AP, 2/19/07)

2002        Feb 21, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Zemin in Beijing and both agreed to work on the reunification of North and South Korea.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A12)

2002        Mar 15, China allowed 25 North Korean asylum seekers to leave the Spanish Embassy in Beijing for South Korea by way of the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 25, North and South Korea issued a joint statement with plans to resume dialogue to improve relations.
    (SFC, 3/25/02, p.A8)

2002        Mar 29, It was reported that Russia had announced plans to build a nuclear plant for North Korea.
    (WSJ, 3/29/02, p.A1)

2002        Apr 15-2002 Jun 29, Festivities were scheduled in North Korea to celebrate the birthdays of Pres. Jung-Il Kim and founder Il-Sung Kim
    (SSFC, 3/17/02, p.A22)

2002        Apr 6, South Korea envoy Lim Dong Won said North Korea is ready to resume dialogue with the US.
    (SFC, 4/6/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 23, Twenty-six North Korean asylum seekers left South Korean and Canadian diplomatic compounds in Beijing bound for South Korea, ending a monthlong diplomatic standoff.
    (AP, 6/23/03)

2002        Jun 29, A South Korean patrol boat was sunk in the yellow Sea border waters and four South Koreans were killed with 22 wounded. North and South Korea blamed each other for the sea battle which cast a shadow over the South's World Cup finale as well as reconciliation efforts on the peninsula.
    (SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 31, In Brunei U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell met his North Korean counterpart for an informal chat, as easing inter-Korean tensions stole the spotlight at an Asia-Pacific security forum.
    (Reuters, 7/31/02)

2002        Jul, North Korea introduced some economic reforms that included the withdrawal of state subsidies to state-owned enterprises and the legalization of farmers’ markets. Kim Jong Il declared that farmers could sell any extra produce in small-scale markets. Pak Pong Ju was the architect of these reforms and in 2013 became prime minister under Kim Jong Un.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.41)(Econ., 2/28/15, p.33)

2002        Aug 3, North and South Korea opened a fresh round of talks amid moves by the communist North to improve ties with the United States and Japan and revitalize its faltering economy.
    (AP, 8/3/02)

2002        Aug 8, South Korea said 10 people were dead after four days of torrential rains that North Korea reported had also caused scores of casualties and destroyed crops in the hungry communist state.
    (Reuters, 8/8/02)

2002        Aug 21, North Korean leader Kim Jong il toured the shop floor of a Russian defense plant, getting a firsthand glimpse of how Russia's Sukhoi fighter jets are manufactured.
    (AP, 8/21/02)

2002        Aug 22, North Korean leader Kim Jong il made his second visit to Russia in a year, meeting with President Vladimir Putin in Vladivostok.
    (AP, 8/22/03)

2002        Aug 23, The United States imposed symbolic sanctions on a North Korean company and the North Korean government for exporting medium or long-range missile components.
    (Reuters, 8/23/02)
2002        Aug 23, North Korean leader Kim Jong il capped his second visit to Russia in a year with a long meeting with President Vladimir Putin and a taste of the consumer delights that are in short supply in his country. Putin pressed North Korea on Friday to forge a new Asia-Europe freight route by extending Russia's trans-Siberian railway across the Korean peninsula to bypass China.
    (AP, 8/23/02)(Reuters, 8/23/02)

2002        Aug 30, It was reported that North Korea has made changes in its economic system that included a phase out of its public distribution system, price increases and salary increases.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A14)

2002        Sep 14, South and North Korea have set a date to begin mine clearing and establish a military hotline during reconstruction of railway links across their fortified border divided for 50 years.
    (Reuters, 9/14/02)

2002        Sep 17, Kim Jong-il apologized to Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi for abductions of Japanese citizens and offered concessions on security issues of global concern. Both leaders exchanged apologies. Of 11 Japanese on an official North Korea list of those who were kidnapped in the 1970s and 1980s, only 4 were still alive. Details of the kidnapped were made public Oct 2. North Korea announced that it will indefinitely extend its moratorium on missile testing as part of the North Korea-Japan Pyongyang Declaration signed during a meeting between Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A8)(www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/dprkchron.asp)

2002        Sep 19, North Korea announced it had made the city of Sinuiju on its border with China a "special administrative region," a move South Korean media said was the first step towards creating a new economic zone. The project was soon mothballed after its first governor, Yang Bin, was jailed in China for tax evasion. Yang Bin was formally sentenced in July 2003 for 18 years, and was fined for 2.3 million renminbi.
    (Reuters, 9/19/02)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yang_Bin)

2002        Sep 28, In South Korea torches from 44 diverse lands converged and rival South and North Korean teams marched together as Asia kicked off its biggest festival of sport.
    (Reuters, 9/29/02)

2002        Oct 4, North Korean officials told a visiting US delegation that the country has a second covert nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 4/24/03)

2002        Oct 16, A Bush administration official reported that North Korea had told the United States it has a secret nuclear weapons program in violation of a 1994 agreement signed with the Clinton administration.
    (AP, 10/16/02)(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 14, Diplomats from the United States, European Union, South Korea and Japan decided to cut off the shipments of oil to North Korea in response to its violation of a 1994 nuclear agreement.
    (Reuters, 11/15/02)

2002        Nov 21, A US-led consortium said it is suspending construction of 2 new nuclear reactors in North Korea.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)

2002        Nov, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il in a private message to Pres. Bush said the US and North Korea "should be able to resolve the nuclear issue in compliance with the demands of the new century." The message was not disclosed until 2005.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2002        Dec 9, US and Spanish forces seized an unflagged ship from North Korea that was carrying Scud missiles to Yemen.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 11, Yemen said Scud missiles found hidden aboard a North Korean ship seized by Spain and the United States were destined for its army and demanded them back. Pres. Bush ordered them released. Bush later created a coalition of members to block arms shipments "of proliferation concern."
    (Reuters, 12/11/02)(SFC, 12/12/02, p.A19)(WSJ, 10/21/03, p.A1)

2002        Dec 12, North Korea said it was immediately activating the nuclear reactor at Yongbyon that was shut down in 1994, due to suspension of fuel deliveries.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 22, North Korea said it had begun removing U.N. monitoring equipment from a nuclear reactor at the centre of the communist state's suspected pursuit of nuclear weapons.
    (Reuters, 12/22/02)

2002        Dec 23, North Korea dismantled UN surveillance cameras and broke locks on the Yangbyon reprocessing plant for spent nuclear fuel.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 24, North Korea ratcheted up its standoff with Washington, starting repairs at a long-frozen nuclear reactor and warning that U.S. policy was leading to an "uncontrollable catastrophe" and the "brink of nuclear war."
    (AP, 12/24/03)

2002        Dec 26, The Int’l. Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said North Korea had moved 1,000 fresh fuel rods to a nuclear reactor that produces plutonium used in nuclear warheads.
    (AP, 12/26/02)

2002        Dec 27, A defiant North Korea ordered U.N. nuclear inspectors to leave the country and said it would restart a laboratory capable of producing plutonium for nuclear weapons. But the U.N. nuclear watchdog said its inspectors were "staying put" for the time being.
    (AP, 12/27/03)

2002        Dec 28, The U.N. nuclear agency said its inspectors would leave North Korea early next week after the communist state said it would expel them and press on with its nuclear plans.
    (Reuters, 12/28/02)

2002        Konstantin Pulikovsky, a Russian representative in North Korea, authored “Orient Express," a book on Kim Jong il’s journeys to Russia.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.J3)
2002        North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Il declared that subsidies to state-owned enterprises would be withdrawn and that farmers could sell any extra produce in small-scale markets. Pak Pong Ju was the architect of these reforms and later became prime minister under Kim Jong Un.
    (Econ., 2/28/15, p.33)
2002        North Korea’s first cyber cafe opened. Access to the Internet was highly restricted.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.43)
2002        The freighter Turubong 1 sailed from the North Korean port of Chongjin. Somewhere in the Sea of Japan off the coast of the quiet village of Sakaiminato, its crew dumped 522 pounds of amphetamines overboard for retrieval by smugglers. In 2006 Japanese police made their first arrests in the case, seven Japanese and a South Korean intermediary. Authorities said North Korea was involved as a government.
    (AP, 8/11/06)

2002-2005    North Korean animators produced parts of a South Korean cartoon show featuring Pororo, a purple, handbag-carrying penguin.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.63)

2003        Jan 10, North Korea announced that it was pulling out of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.
    (SFC, 1/10/03, p.A1)

2003        Jan 11, North Korea said it might end a self-imposed moratorium on missile testing and warned that it was ready to "mercilessly wipe out" other nations that infringe upon its sovereignty. North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
    (AP, 1/11/03)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)

2003        Jan 14, North Korea said that it was running out of patience and warned it was prepared to exercise "options" in its dispute with the United States over its nuclear activities.
    (AP, 1/14/03)

2003        Jan 23, South and North Korea agreed to peacefully resolve the international standoff over North Korea's nuclear programs after Cabinet-level talks.
    (AP, 1/23/03)

2003        Jan, China ended a “100-day campaign" to hunt down North Korean refugees. 3,200 were deported and another 1,300 awaited deportation. A Christian sponsored underground railroad reportedly helped some 300,000 North Koreans escape their homeland.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A14)

2003        Feb 5, North Korea said that it had reactivated its nuclear facilities and is going ahead with their operation "on a normal footing."
    (AP, 2/5/03)

2003        Feb 6, Pre-emptive attacks on North Korea's nuclear facilities would trigger a "total war," the communist state warned after Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld labeled the North's government a "terrorist regime."
    (AP, 2/6/03)

2003          Mar 2, Fidel Castro offered to mediate with North Korea over its nuclear program, though he acknowledged Cuba’s ability to stem the growing crisis was limited.
    (AP, 3/2/03)
2003          Mar 2, North Korea deployed 4 MiGs to intercept a US RC-135S spy plane some 150 miles off its coast.
    (WSJ, 3/4/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 21, North Korea condemned the US-led war on Iraq and said American war games in South Korea were pushing the divided peninsula "to the brink of a nuclear war."
    (AP, 3/21/03)

2003        Apr 12, North Korea hinted it could accept US demands for multilateral talks to discuss the communist country's suspected nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 4/12/03)

2003        Apr 16, US, Chinese and North Korean officials announced talks in Beijing to try to resolve standoff over North's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/24/03)

2003        Apr 18, North Korea said it was ready to begin reprocessing more than 8,000 spent nuclear fuel rods. US experts said it will give the communist state enough plutonium to make several atomic bombs.
    (AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A3)

2003        Apr 25, Nuclear talks in Beijing ended after U.S. officials said North Korea claimed to have nuclear weapons and might test, export or use them.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2003        Apr 30, North Korea was reported to be a country with 1.17 million military personnel, the world's 5th largest. Its air force had more than 1,700 aircraft and the navy more than 800 ships. In March Gen. Leon J. LaPorte said "North Korea maintains a substantial chemical weapons stockpile and a production capability that threatens both our military forces and civilian population centers in South Korea and Japan." In addition, he said, North Korea has the capability "to develop, produce and potentially weaponize biological warfare agents."
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 30, South and North Korea agreed in Cabinet-level talks to peacefully resolve the nuclear crisis on the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/30/03)

2003        May 12, North Korea declared that the 1992 agreement with South Korea to keep the Korean Peninsula free of nuclear weapons was nullified, citing a "sinister" U.S. agenda.
    (AP, 5/12/03)

2003        May 31, In St. Petersburg, Russia, Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi and Hu Jintao, the new president of China, agreed in a summit to work at defusing tensions over North Korea.
    (AP, 5/31/03)

2003        Jun 2, North Korea said it has nuclear arms.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)

2003        Jun 5, The United States agreed to pull its ground troops away from the Demilitarized Zone separating North and South Korea.
    (AP, 6/5/04)

2003        Jun 14, North and South Korea connected railways at their heavily armed border in a symbolic ceremony linking the two countries for the first time in more than a half-century. North Korea still had 7 miles of tracks to complete before trains could run.
    (AP, 6/14/03)(SSFC, 6/15/03, p.A14)

2003        Jul 14, It was reported that Kim Jong il of North Korea maintained an unpublicized trading network and slush fund named Division 39 with a cash hoard as large as $5 billion. Its operations included counterfeiting, drug trafficking and trade in illicit weapons systems.
    (WSJ, 7/14/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 1, North Korea eased its insistence on one-on-one talks with Washington and agreed to join U.S.-proposed multilateral talks, where it will find little sympathy for its suspected nuclear weapons programs.
    (AP, 8/1/03)

2003        Aug 27, The US and North Korea held direct talks for the first time in months, meeting for a half-hour on the sidelines of a six-nation summit in Beijing designed to resolve the standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/27/03)

2003        Aug 28, A North Korean envoy at 6-nation talks said his nation intends to declare that it has atomic arms and to test one as proof.
    (WSJ, 8/29/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 29, Six nations trying to defuse a standoff over North Korea's nuclear program ended their talks in Beijing with an agreement to keep talking.
    (AP, 8/29/04)

2003        Sep 3, North Korea's parliament re-elected Kim Jong il as the isolated country's top leader and approved his government's decision to "keep and increase its nuclear deterrent force" to counter what it calls a hostile U.S. policy.
    (AP, 9/3/03)

2003        Sep 15, More than 100 South Korean tourists flew to North Korea's capital on the first commercial flight between the two countries since they were divided nearly six decades ago.
    (AP, 9/15/03)

2003        Oct 2, North Korea said it is using plutonium extracted from spent nuclear fuel rods to make atomic weapons.
    (AP, 10/2/03)

2003        Oct 19, Pres. Bush said he would consider a deal promising not to attack North Korea as long as the guarantee is not a formal treaty.
    (SFC, 10/20/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 20, President Bush pushed North Korea's nuclear threat to the forefront of a 21-nation Asia-Pacific summit in Thailand.
    (AP, 10/20/04)

2003        Oct 21, North Korea rebuffed Pres. Bush's proposal to give it multi-nation security assurances if it agrees to scrap its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 10/22/03)

2003        Oct 22, A human rights report on North Korea said hundreds of thousands of prisoners worked in at least 36 hidden camps with torture and meager rations routine.
    (SFC, 10/22/03, p.A14)

2003        Nov 20, A group of UN agencies is asking for $221 million in international aid for North Korea, where food shortages, poverty and poor health care services have put the country in a state of "chronic emergency."
    (AP, 11/20/03)

2003        Dec 1, North Korea said the US military conducted at least 150 spy flights against it in November and accused Washington of "watching for an opportunity to crush" the communist regime.
    (AP, 12/1/03)

2003        Dec 9, North Korea offered an apparent counterproposal to a U.S.-backed plan to resolve the standoff over its nuclear program, saying it would freeze the project in return for energy aid and being removed from Washington's list of countries that sponsor terrorism.
    (AP, 12/9/03)

2003        David Hawk of the US Committee for Human Rights authored his report “The Hidden Gulag: Exposing North Korea’s Prison Camps."
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.55)(http://www.davidrhawk.com/HiddenGulag.pdf) 
2003        China began building wire fences on major defection North Korean routes along the Tumen River. Since September 2006, China began building wire fences along the Yalu River.
    (AP, 10/16/06)

2004        Jan 1, North Korea confirmed that it would allow a U.S. delegation to visit its main nuclear complex next week, the first such inspection since the isolated communist country expelled UN monitors more than a year ago.
    (AP, 1/2/04)

2004        Jan 6, North Korea offered to refrain from producing nuclear weapons in order to rekindle talks over its arms programs.
    (SFC, 1/6/04, p.A3)

2004        Jan 10, North Korea said it had shown its "nuclear deterrent" to an unofficial U.S. delegation that visited the disputed Yongbyon nuclear complex.
    (AP, 1/10/05)

2004        Jan 20, Amnesty Int'l. released a report at the World Social Forum in Bombay, India, that charged North Korea with public executions of people stealing food.
    (SFC, 1/21/04, p.A12)

2004        Jan 28, Nigeria said North Korea had agreed to share its missile technology.  Nigerian VP Atiku Abubakar reached the accord with Yang Hyong Sop, the visiting VP of North Korea's Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly.
    (AP, 1/28/04)

2004        Feb 9, Japan passed a law making it easier to impose economic sanctions on impoverished North Korea, prompting the communist country to demand that Tokyo be barred from future multilateral talks on its nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/9/04)

2004        Feb 23, Envoys from 6 nations gathered in Beijing for talks on the North Korean nuclear crisis.
    (WSJ, 2/24/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 28, Six-nation talks on North Korea's nuclear program ended without any major breakthrough. The North denounced the United States, saying it wasn't willing to reach a settlement.
    (AP, 2/28/04)

2004        Mar 25, China's Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing, arriving home from North Korea, saying his three-day trip yielded an agreement from that country's reclusive leader to "push forward" toward a third round of talks on its nuclear program.
    (AP, 3/25/04)

2004        Mar 30, A North Korean engineer credited with smuggling out documents on alleged gas chamber experiments in the isolated communist state said that the papers were fake.
    (AP, 3/30/04)

2004        Apr 18, North Korean leader Kim Jong il crossed into China in a special train for a summit to discuss the North's nuclear weapons program with the Chinese president.
    (AP, 4/18/04)

2004        Apr 19, North Korean leader Kim Jong il reportedly held talks with Chinese President Hu Jintao about the North's nuclear arms program and requests for economic aid.
    (AP, 4/19/04)

2004        Apr 20, China urged North Korean leader Kim Jong il to rethink his demands for a written U.S. pledge not to attack, saying only a softer line can ease the standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/20/04)

2004        Apr 22, In North Korea 2 trains carrying oil and liquefied petroleum gas exploded near the Ryongchon train station when workers knocked wagons against power lines. Over 160 were killed including 76 children, 1,249 injured and 8,100 homes were destroyed. This was later believed to have been an assassination attempt on Kim Jong Il. A mobile phone was used to detonate a huge bomb a t a train station. The incident markedly delayed the introduction of mobile phones in North Korea. 
    (http://ajw.asahi.com/article/asia/korean_peninsula/AJ201109089693)(SFC, 4/23/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/25/04)(SSFC, 4/25/04, p.A14)(WSJ, 4/28/04, p.A1)

2004        Apr 28, The six nations involved in resolving the North Korea nuclear arsenal dispute — the United States, China, the two Koreas, Russia and Japan —scheduled to begin working level talks May 12 in Beijing, China.
    (AP, 4/29/04)

2004        May 22, North Korea agreed to release the family members of Japanese citizens kidnapped by Northern agents, and Japan pledged aid to the impoverished country at a summit between the two nations' leaders.
    (AP, 5/22/04)

2004        Jun 3, Germany’s Goethe Center opened a reading room in Pyongyang, North Korea.

2004        Jun 4, The two Koreas agreed, after an all-night negotiating session, to try to ease tensions by, among other things, ending blaring propaganda efforts on their border.
    (AP, 6/4/04)

2004        Jun 22, North Korea, the US, and four other nations agreed to discuss a freezing of the North's nuclear program and inspections that would lead to its eventual dismantlement.
    (AP, 6/22/04)

2004        Jun 26, In Beijing, China, 4 days of talks on North Korea’s nuclear program ended with a promise for further discussion.
    (SSFC, 6/27/04, p.A24)

2004        Jul 21, South Korea pledged to expand economic ties with North Korea while Japan said it would seek normal relations with the communist state when a dispute over the North's nuclear ambitions is resolved.
    (AP, 7/21/04)

2004        Jul 28, The second wave in the biggest mass defection of North Koreans to South Korea arrived on a flight from Vietnam, bringing the total in the two-day airlift to nearly 460.
    (WSJ, 7/27/04, p.A1)(AP, 7/28/04)

2004        Sep 9, A huge explosion rocked North Korea. The huge blast hit a mountainous area close to an underground missile base that was listed as a possible uranium enrichment site. North Korea later said that the huge cloud caused by an explosion near its border with China was the planned demolition of a mountain for a hydroelectric project.
    (Reuters, 9/12/04)(AP, 9/13/04)

2004        Sep 29, Forty-four North Korean men, women and children scaled the walls of the Canadian embassy in Beijing in a likely bid for political asylum.
    (AFP, 9/29/04)

2004        Sep 12 , North Korea opened its Ninth Pyongyang Film Festival.

2004        Nov 1, UN nuclear agency chief Mohamed ElBaradei urged Iran to suspend uranium enrichment and called on North Korea to dismantle its weapons program.
    (AP, 11/1/05)

2004        In North Korea the Kaesong Industrial Complex was set up and seen as a potent symbol of reconciliation between North and South Korea. It combined the South's capital and technology with the North's cheap labor.
    (AP, 6/11/09)

2005        Jan 2 Shin Dong-hyuk (b.1982) escaped from a prison camp in North Korea and made his way to China. In 2012 former Washington Post journalist Blaine Harden authored "Escape from Camp 14," an account of Shin’s escape. In 2015 Shin apologized for misleading people after changing key parts of his story.
    (Reuters, 1/18/15)

2005        Feb 2, The US said that North Korea's nuclear initiative is a threat to world peace and urged the secretive regime in Pyongyang to resume talks aimed at ending the program.
    (AP, 2/2/05)

2005        Feb 10, North Korea announced for the first time that it has nuclear arms and rejected moves to restart disarmament talks anytime soon, saying it needs the weapons as protection against an increasingly hostile United States.
    (AP, 2/10/05)

2005        Feb 11, North Korea demanded bilateral talks with the US to defuse the tension created by its announcement that it is a nuclear power. The White House said it was not interested in one-on-one talks.
    (AP, 2/11/05)

2005        Feb 18, The US envoy Christopher Hill said the US and China agreed that North Korea must end its nuclear ambitions and resolve the standoff through six-nation talks.
    (AP, 2/18/05)

2005        Feb 19, China's state news said North Korea no longer wants to negotiate with the US and 4 other nations in an effort to ease the standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/19/05)

2005        Feb 21, North Korea’s Kim told a visiting Chinese envoy that he is willing to return to 6-country talks if the US demonstrates its sincerity.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 21, South Korea news reported that North Korea said it has increased its nuclear arsenal to help prevent a US attack.
    (AP, 3/21/05)

2005        Mar 22, North Korea's Premier Pak Pong Ju began a visit to China at a time of American calls for Beijing to use its influence to prod the North back into nuclear talks.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2005        Mar 23, Chinese President Hu Jintao stepped up pressure on North Korea to return to nuclear talks, telling its visiting premier that dialogue is the only way to settle the dispute.
    (AP, 3/23/05)

2005        Mar 27, Communist North Korea for the first time confirmed an outbreak of deadly bird flu at its poultry farms and said hundreds of thousands of chickens had been culled to contain it.
    (AP, 3/27/05)

2005        Apr 23, Leaders of the two Koreas agreed to resume talks between their nations that broke down last summer and to discuss the international standoff over the North's nuclear weapons ambitions.
    (AP, 4/23/05)

2005        May 1, North Korea test-fired a short range missile.
    (WSJ, 5/2/05, p.A16)

2005        May 22, A North Korean cargo ship arrived in South Korea to pick up fertilizer, the first such vessel from the isolated communist nation to dock here in 21 years.
    (AP, 5/22/05)

2005        Jun 9, North Korea boasted it was building more nuclear bombs and had the ability to arm them on missiles.
    (AP, 6/9/05)

2005        Jun 21, A high-level delegation from North Korea arrived in Seoul for bilateral talks and was immediately confronted by demonstrators who angered the visitors by displaying posters of their leader, Kim Jong Il, tied up in ropes.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

2005        Jun 22, North Korea said it would not need nuclear weapons if the US treated it like a friend, as the isolated nation joined South Korea for high-level reconciliation talks.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, The US reported plans to send 50,000 tons of food to North Korea.
    (WSJ, 6/23/05, p.A1)

2005        Jun 23, The two Koreas agreed to seek a peaceful resolution to the international standoff over the North's nuclear program, but the rivals failed to set a date for resuming stalled disarmament talks.
    (AP, 6/23/05)

2005        Jun 28, South Korea's spy agency said North Korea has cut most of its international phone lines since late March over concerns that sensitive information about its society will flow out of the isolated country.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

2005        Jul 9, North Korea said it will rejoin six-nation nuclear arms talks on July 25.
    (AP, 7/9/05)

2005        Jul 22, North Korea offered to abandon its nuclear weapons if the two sides in the Korean War sign a peace agreement to replace the 1953 cease-fire that halted hostilities but did not resolve the conflict.
    (AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Jul 25, North Korean and US negotiators held a rare one-on-one meeting in Beijing amid a flurry of contacts between delegations to the six-nation talks aimed at persuading the communist nation to relinquish its nuclear program.
    (AP, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 26, Six-party nuclear disarmament talks opened in Beijing after a 13-month boycott by North Korea, and the communist nation's envoy said his country was ready to work on eliminating atomic weapons from the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 7/26/05)

2005        Jul 27, North Korea said it would give up its nuclear weapons only after the alleged US atomic threat is removed from the divided peninsula and relations with the US are normalized.
    (AP, 7/27/05)

2005        Aug 2, North Korea's main envoy said his country won't give up its nuclear weapons until an alleged U.S. atomic threat against the communist nation is eliminated, the first public comments from the North after eight days of six-party negotiations.
    (AP, 8/2/05)

2005        Aug 4, North Korea's envoy to disarmament talks said that Pyongyang insists on retaining the right to "peaceful nuclear activities," a condition that other delegates say has deadlocked the talks.
    (AP, 8/4/05)

2005        Aug 7, Envoys to North Korean disarmament talks suspended their meetings for three weeks, deadlocked over the North's insistence on retaining a peaceful nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/7/05)

2005        Aug 11, A senior South Korean official said that North Korea has the right to a peaceful nuclear program, a view conflicting with Washington in its disagreement with the hard-line Pyongyang regime that has snagged disarmament talks.
    (AP, 8/11/05)

2005        Aug 16, North Korean officials visited South Korea's parliament for the first time in a symbolic gesture of reconciliation with their democratic rivals.
    (AP, 8/17/05)

2005        Aug 26, The first South Korean tourists visited historic sites in Kaesong, North Korea, set to become only the 2nd destination in the communist nation that can be visited by ordinary citizens of its southern neighbor.
    (AP, 8/27/05)

2005        Aug 27, North Korea demanded the US rescind its recent appointment of a special envoy on human rights in the communist country, warning the position could hurt international efforts to end the North's nuclear weapons program. Washington announced last week that Jay Lefkowitz, a former adviser to President Bush, will be in charge of promoting efforts to "improve the human rights of the long-suffering North Korean people."
    (AP, 8/27/05)

2005        Sep 7, North Korea offered to return the USS Pueblo, captured in 1968, if a top-level official agrees to visit.
    (WSJ, 9/8/05, p.A1)

2005        Sep 13, Negotiations aimed at ending North Korea's nuclear weapons program resumed in Beijing after a monthlong recess, but prospects for progress were uncertain as Pyongyang remained insistent on its right to use civilian atomic technology.
    (AP, 9/13/05)
2005        Sep 13, Pres. Bush met briefly with Chinese Pres. Hu Jintao in NYC on the sidelines of the opening session of the UN General Assembly. Bush sought China's help to stop nuclear weapons programs in North Korea and Iran and won a pledge from President Hu Jintao to step up pressure on Pyongyang.
    (SFC, 9/14/05, p.C1)(AP, 9/13/06)

2005        Sep 15, North Korea said it won't give up its nuclear weapons without receiving a reactor for generating power, stalling six-nation talks on Pyongyang's atomic programs.
    (AP, 9/15/05)

2005        Sep 16, North Korea announced the introduction of the Stalinist country's first credit card, but just how it would work was unclear.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, South Korea and North and South Korea pledged to work to ensure peace and reduce military tensions on their divided peninsula.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2005        Sep 19, North Korea agreed to stop building nuclear weapons and allow international inspections in exchange for energy aid, economic cooperation and security assurances, a breakthrough that marked a first step toward disarmament after two years of six-nation talks.
    (AP, 9/19/05)

2005        Sep 20, North Korea insisted it won't dismantle its nuclear weapons program until the US gives it civilian nuclear reactors, casting doubt on a disarmament agreement reached a day earlier during international talks.
    (AP, 9/20/05)

2005        Sep 21, North Korea accused the US of intending to disarm the communist country and then "crush it to death with nuclear weapons," two days after a landmark disarmament agreement that was expected to ease tensions.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Sep 23, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il ordered his aides to arrange a meeting with a high-ranking U.S. official, possibly with President Bush.
    (AP, 9/23/05)

2005        Oct 19, US envoy Bill Richardson toured a North Korean nuclear facility and held a second day of talks with government officials as part of his efforts to encourage Pyongyang to dismantle its atomic weapons program.
    (AP, 10/19/05)

2005        Oct 28, China's President Hu Jintao flew to North Korea to meet with reclusive leader Kim Jong Il ahead of new nuclear talks and was greeted by cheering crowds of thousands on a rare visit by a leader of the North's last major ally.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, North and South Korea opened their first joint office to promote trade across the heavily militarized border, just as Pyongyang is feuding with a South Korean company about business in the North.
    (AP, 10/28/05)

2005        Nov 1, Officials from North and South Korea agreed to meet next month to work out details on competing as a unified team for the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
    (AP, 11/1/05)

2005        Nov 3, North Korea's abduction of Japanese citizens decades ago took center stage at the opening of talks in Beijing between the former bitter enemies.
    (Reuters, 11/3/05)

2005        Nov 8, The US State Department issued its 7th annual report to Congress on religious freedom. It cited Burma, China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Vietnam as restricting religious freedom.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 9, Negotiators trying to persuade North Korea to give up its nuclear ambitions focused on the contentious details of how the North will disarm and what it will get in exchange, with the U.S. and North Korean delegations holding a separate meeting.
    (AP, 11/9/05)

2005        Nov 10, Talks on North Korea's nuclear programs turned sour as Pyongyang demanded that Washington lift sanctions against firms suspected of weapons proliferation and stop accusing the North of counterfeiting U.S. money.
    (AP, 11/10/05)

2005        Nov 11, In Beijing the US and North Korea urged each other to make concessions as a round of six-nation talks aimed at ending the North's nuclear programs concluded with no sign of progress or a date to meet again.
    (AP, 11/11/05)

2005        Nov 12, North Korea stood by its demand for aid in exchange for shutting down a plutonium-producing nuclear reactor, saying it won't act until Washington offers concessions.
    (AP, 11/12/05)

2005        Nov 17, President Bush in South Korea took a hardline stance against North Korea, saying the US won't help the communist nation build a civilian nuclear reactor to produce electricity until it dismantles its nuclear weapons programs.
    (AP, 11/17/05)

2005        Nov 22, The United States and its partners in an energy consortium terminated a project to build two light-water atomic reactors for North Korea as an incentive to convince Pyongyang to dismantle its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2005        Nov 28, North Korea demanded compensation from the United States over a scuttled project to build two nuclear reactors in the communist nation under a 1994 agreement.
    (AP, 11/28/05)

2005        Nov, In North Korea 21 members of cheering squads who traveled to South Korea for international sports events were detained in a prison camp for talking about what they saw in the South. South Korea, citing a defector, reported their arrest in Feb of 2006.
    (AP, 2/17/06)

2005        Dec 8, In South Korea international activists kicked off a conference on human rights abuses in North Korea by calling for the overthrow of Kim Jong Il's regime and accusing Pyongyang of enslaving its people.
    (AP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 24, China and North Korea signed an agreement to jointly develop offshore oil reserves.
    (AP, 12/24/05)

2005        Dec, North Korea moved to ban international assistance as part of a campaign to regain control over food distribution, limit outside contacts and avert possible urban unrest.
    (WSJ, 12/27/05, p.A1)

2005        Jasper Becker authored “Rogue Regime: Kim Jong Il and the Looming Threat of North Korea," a look at North Korea under Kim Jong Il.
    (WSJ, 4/27/05, p.D10)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.81)
2005        Bradley K. Martin authored “Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader," a look at North Korea under Kim Jong Il.
    (WSJ, 4/27/05, p.D10)
2005        North Korea delivered over a dozen intermediate-range ballistic missiles to Iran. [see April 27, 2006]
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A4)
2005        North Korea’s government urged its women to refrain from wearing trousers, saying Western clothing dampen the revolutionary spirit and blur national pride.
    (AP, 12/5/09)

2006        Jan 6, Stalinist North Korea demanded billions of dollars in compensation for alleged atrocities against its prisoners of war and spies formerly held in South Korea. The demand sparked outrage among politicians in Seoul.
    (AFP, 1/8/06)

2006        Jan 8, The US and South Korea withdrew their last remaining staff from the site of two North Korean nuclear reactors, ending a decade-old construction project amid rekindled tension over the North's nuclear ambitions.
    (AP, 1/8/06)

2006        Jan 10, North Korean leader Kim Jong-il passed through China on the way to Russia, a source with knowledge of the stopover said. South Korean and Japanese media said Kim was making a secret visit to China.
    (Reuters, 1/10/06)

2006        Jan 13, A Hong Kong newspaper reported that North Korea's secretive leader Kim Jong Il is on a two-day visit to the southern Chinese province of Guangdong.
    (AP, 1/13/06)

2006        Jan 15, North Korea news reported that North Korea has awarded a medal for the first time to an American, Ellsworth Culver (1927-2005), the late leader of Mercy Corps, a U.S.-based aid group, for his efforts to help the communist state fight hunger and poverty.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 17, North Korean leader Kim Jong-il appeared to have left China after meeting Chinese leaders in Beijing to discuss six-party talks aimed at ending Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.
    (Reuters, 1/17/06)

2006        Jan 18, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il said he is committed to a peaceful resolution of the standoff over his country's nuclear ambitions, as Pyongyang confirmed that the reclusive Kim had visited China over the past week.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, In China senior envoys from the United States, North Korea and China held a "beneficial" meeting on the stalled six-party talks on Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AFP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 23, The US Treasury Department briefed South Korean officials on its investigations into suspected illegal financial activities by North Korea that Washington says helped fund Pyongyang's nuclear arms program.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Jan 28, North Korea warned of nuclear war and vowed to strengthen its deterrent forces as it demanded that Washington show evidence backing its allegation that the communist regime is counterfeiting US money.
    (AP, 1/28/06)

2006        Jan 31, North Korea renewed its commitment to stalled nuclear disarmament talks, while at the same time vowing to strengthen its stockpile of atomic weapons to counter what it called extreme US hostility.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Feb 2, South Korea's spy agency said that North Korea was not currently producing counterfeit currency, apparently contradicting US allegations that have become the latest obstacle in nuclear disarmament talks with the communist country.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Feb 3, North and South Korea agreed to hold military talks on the level of generals for the first time in nearly two years and the South said they would focus on preventing naval clashes.
    (AP, 2/3/06)

2006        Feb 7, A ship with 2,000 tons of donated rice from India arrived in North Korea. The Indian government has donated humanitarian aid, including food and medicine, to North Korea on nine occasions since 1995.
    (AFP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 8, Japan and North Korea ended five days of high-level talks aimed at establishing diplomatic relations without any agreements, citing major differences on the North's abduction of Japanese nationals and its nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/8/06)

2006        Feb 9, North Korea has requested 150,000 tons of fertilizer from South Korea, months after it demanded that the UN World Food Program halt emergency food shipments.
    (AP, 2/10/06)

2006        Feb 23, The US State Department said that North Korea has agreed to hold talks with the US on its alleged counterfeiting and money laundering activities that led to US sanctions and a breakdown in six-nation nuclear negotiations.
    (AP, 2/23/06)

2006        Mar 2, North and South Korea opened high-level military talks for the first time in almost two years, aiming to reduce tension along the world's most heavily fortified border and prevent accidental naval skirmishes.
    (AP, 3/2/06)

2006        Mar 3, South Korea rejected North Korea's demand that the countries redraw their western sea border, ending two days of high-level military talks without agreement.
    (AP, 3/3/06)

2006        Mar 15, South Korea formally opened new immigration checkpoints for travelers crossing the heavily fortified border with North Korea, symbolizing Seoul's hopes for boosting exchanges with its longtime communist foe.
    (AP, 3/15/06)

2006        Mar 23, The Australian air force sank a North Korean cargo ship for target practice. It had been seized in 2003 after being used to smuggle heroin into Australia.
    (AP, 3/23/06)

2006        Apr 8, North Korea's top negotiator to stalled six-way talks on Pyongyang's nuclear arms program began discussions with other envoys involved in the negotiations in an effort to put the process back on track.
    (Reuters, 4/8/06)

2006        Apr 23, In North Korea 2 troop trains packed with soldiers collided head-on leaving more than 1,000 dead. A Buddhist humanitarian aid group reported the tragedy June1.
    (AFP, 6/1/06)

2006        Apr 27, Israel's military intelligence chief said in a published interview that Iran has received its first batch of North Korean-made surface-to-surface missiles that put European countries within firing range.
    (AP, 4/27/06)

2006        Apr 29, North Korea claimed that the US conducted about 160 spy flights against the communist state this month.
    (AP, 4/29/06)

2006        May 11, The UN’s World Food Program said it has reached agreement with North Korea to resume food aid to the hunger-stricken country, but the operation will be smaller than it was before its suspension in December.
    (AP, 5/11/06)

2006        May 20, South Korean media reported that 4 North Koreans had overpowered a security guard and scaled the wall of a US consulate in China in hopes of gaining asylum from their impoverished, communist country.
    (AP, 5/20/06)

2006        May 22, AP Television News opened a full-time office in North Korea, becoming the first Western news organization to provide regular coverage of that nation.
    (AP, 5/22/06)

2006        May 24, North Korea abruptly canceled groundbreaking test runs of trains across its highly guarded border with South Korea, citing an atmosphere of confrontation.
    (AP, 5/24/06)

2006        Jun 16, Japan's parliament enacted a bill that would impose sanctions on North Korea if it fails to cooperate in clearing up details of its past abductions of Japanese citizens.
    (AP, 6/16/06)

2006        Jul 4, The US space shuttle Discovery took off at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, with 7 astronauts. Up to six pieces of debris that could be foam insulation fell off Discovery's troublesome external fuel tank minutes after liftoff. News arrived that North Korea had launched test missiles [see July 5].
    (AFP, 7/5/06)(SFC, 7/5/06, p.A3)

 2006        Jul 5, North Korea test-fired a long-range missile that may be capable of reaching America, but it failed seconds after launch. North Korea also tested shorter range missiles in an exercise the White House termed "a provocation" but not an immediate threat. The early morning tests came as the US celebrated the Fourth of July and just minutes ahead of the US launch of the space shuttle Discovery.
    (AP, 7/4/06)(AP, 7/5/06)(SFC, 7/5/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 5, Japan, the United States and Britain readied a UN Security Council resolution demanding that nations withhold all funds, goods and technology that could be used for North Korea's missile program.
    (AP, 7/5/06)

2006        Jul 6, A defiant North Korea threatened to test-fire more missiles and warned of even stronger action if opponents of the tests put pressure on the country.
    (AP, 7/6/06)

2006        Jul 7, North Korea announced a scientific breakthrough. State-run media boasted  that researchers developed a new cosmetic agent to make skin supple.
    (AP, 7/7/06)
2006        Jul 7, The UN General Assembly unanimously approved a series of reforms that were welcomed by the US as a long overdue step toward greater efficiency and accountability. A two-week UN conference reviewing efforts to fight the illegal weapons trade ended in failure, with nations too divided on too many contentious issues to agree on the best way to combat a scourge that fuels conflict worldwide. Japan introduced a draft UN Security Council resolution to sanction North Korea for test-launching a series of missiles. The Council unanimously adopted a compromise resolution on July 15.
    (AP, 7/8/06)(AP, 7/7/07)

2006        Jul 11, China's president issued an unusual public appeal to a visiting North Korean official to avoid aggravating tensions with its missile test program, as the US and Japan urged Beijing to press its ally Pyongyang for concessions.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 15, The UN Security Council unanimously passed resolution 1718 condemning North Korea's multiple missile launches on July 5 and imposed limited sanctions; a defiant North said it would launch more missiles.
    (AP, 7/16/07)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.63)

2006        Jul 16, North Korea rejected a UN Security Council resolution sanctioning the communist nation for recent missile tests and warned the measure was a prelude to a renewed Korean War.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

2006        Jul 17, G8 leaders called on North Korea to stop its missile tests and to abandon its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 7/17/06)

2006        Jul 19, South Korea's president condemned North Korea for potentially sparking an arms race with its recent missile launches, while the North said it was ending reunions between relatives separated by the Korean Peninsula divide. An aid group in North Korea said floods and landslides have left more than 100 people dead or missing.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Jul 26, A UN report said the death toll from floods and landslides in North Korea this month has risen to at least 154 people, with 127 others missing.
    (AP, 7/27/06)

2006        Jul 31, In South Korea Jeong Kyung-hak (48) was arrested on charges of being a spy for North Korea and having illegally arrived on Jul 27 with forged Philippines identity documents.
    (AP, 8/21/06)

2006        Jul, Interpol, at the request of the Bush administration, assembled central bankers, police agencies and banknote industry officials to make the US case against counterfeiting by North Korea. In 2008 a 10-month investigation by the McClatchy newspapers found that evidence supporting charges was uncertain at best.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A13)

2006        Aug 7, A pro-North Korean newspaper in Japan said floods last month in North Korea killed at least 549 people and left 295 others still missing.
    (AP, 8/7/06)

2006        Aug 9, A South Korean citizens' group said North Korea has requested help from South Korea to cope with devastating floods.
    (AP, 8/9/06)

2006        Aug 16, A South Korean aid group claimed that massive floods in North Korea last month left about 54,700 people dead or missing and some 2.5 million homeless.
    (AP, 8/16/06)

2006        Aug 22, Thailand police arrested 175 North Koreans, mostly women and children, who illegally entered the country and were found hiding in an abandoned home in Bangkok.
    (AFP, 8/23/06)

2006        Sep 7, Cyprus impounded a Panama-flagged vessel on arms smuggling suspicion. It carried 18 North Korean mobile radar units and 3 command vehicles due for delivery to Syria.
    (WSJ, 9/8/06, p.A1)(Reuters, 9/11/06)

2006        Sep 19, Australia and Japan imposed financial sanctions on 11 North Korean companies, a Swiss company and its president, based on allegations they helped the communist nation's weapons programs.
    (AP, 9/19/06)

2006        Sep, Japan’s government approved measures to block the transfer of funds to North Korea. The rules went into effect on Jan 4, 2007.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.39)

2006        Oct 3, North Korea said it will conduct a nuclear test in the face of what it claimed was "the U.S. extreme threat of a nuclear war," ratcheting up tensions amid international pressure to return to negotiations on its atomic program.
    (AP, 10/3/06)

2006        Oct 6, A unanimous UN Security Council urged North Korea to abandon all atomic weapons, as it promised last year, and cancel plans to detonate a device. Japan hinted the North could face sanctions or possible military action.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2006        Oct 8, North Korea performed its first-ever nuclear weapons test, setting off an underground blast in defiance of international warnings and intense diplomatic activity aimed at heading off such a move. Because of the time difference, it was Oct. 9 in North Korea.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/8/07)

2006        Oct 9, North Korea faced united global condemnation and calls for harsh sanctions after it announced it had detonated an atomic weapon in an underground test. Russia's defense minister said the nuclear test was equivalent to 5,000 tons to 15,000 tons of TNT. The US pushed for sanctions on North Korea following its nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 10, The Bush administration rejected anew direct talks with North Korea in the wake of the communist country's nuclear test, and suggested it was possible the test was something less than it appeared.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2006        Oct 10, China, which holds the key to whether tough UN sanctions will be imposed for North Korea's nuclear test, warned its ally that the detonation would harm relations, but called on the UN to use "positive and appropriate measures."
    (AP, 10/10/06)

2006        Oct 11, North Korea threatened more nuclear tests saying additional sanctions imposed on it would be considered an act of war. Japan imposed a total ban on North Korean imports and said ships from the impoverished nation were prohibited from entering Japanese ports as punishment for its apparent nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/11/06)

2006        Oct 12, The United States introduced a draft resolution in the UN Security Council to punish North Korea for its nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

2006        Oct 14, The UN Security Council gave unanimous approval to sanctions against North Korea for its purported nuclear test. The US-sponsored resolution demanded that North Korea eliminate nuclear weapons, but expressly rules out military action against the country.
    (AP, 10/15/06)

2006        Oct 16, Australia said it will ban North Korean ships from entering its ports, toughening its response to the North's reported nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/16/06)

2006        Oct 17, North Korea said it considered UN sanctions aimed at punishing the country for its nuclear test "a declaration of war," as Japan and South Korea reported the communist nation might be preparing a second explosion.
    (AP, 10/17/06)

2006        Oct 19, China stepped up its diplomatic efforts with North Korea, sending a personal message and a gift from the Chinese president to the North's leader Kim Jong Il as Washington appealed for cooperation by Asian powers on U.N. sanctions for Pyongyang's nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, A UN report said The North Korean government rounds up disabled people and sends them away from the capital Pyongyang to special camps, where they are sorted by their handicap and subjected to "subhuman conditions."
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 20, In North Korea tens of thousands gathered in Pyongyang to laud the country's first atomic test. A South Korean news agency reported that North Korean leader Kim Jong Il said Pyongyang didn't plan to carry out any more nuclear tests and expressed regret about the country's first-ever atomic detonation last week [see Oct 24].
    (AP, 10/20/06)(AP, 10/21/06)

2006        Oct 21, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that Russia was ready to discuss ways to pressure Iran into accepting a broader international oversight of its nuclear program, but added that "any measures of influence should encourage creating conditions for talks." He said Russia will not allow the UN Security Council to be used to punish Iran over its nuclear program. Russia indicated it would strictly enforce sanctions on North Korea as US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met top leaders in Moscow at the end of a tour to push for full implementation of the UN penalties in response to Pyongyang’s nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/21/06)(AFP, 10/21/06)

2006        Oct 24, Liu Jianchao, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, said North Korean leader Kim Jong Il did not apologize for his regime's nuclear test, as some South Korean media had reported [see Oct 20], but is willing to return to six-party talks under certain conditions.
    (AP, 10/24/06)

2006        Oct 26, South Korea said it will ban the entry of North Korean officials who fall under a UN travel restriction.
    (AP, 10/26/06)

2006        Oct 31, North Korea agreed to rejoin six-nation nuclear disarmament talks in a surprise diplomatic breakthrough.
    (AP, 10/31/06)

2006        Nov 1, North Korea said it was returning to nuclear disarmament talks to get access to its frozen overseas bank accounts, a vital source of hard currency.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, The UN Security Council agreed on a list of banned items that could be used to make nuclear, chemical and biological weapons or ballistic missiles and ordered all countries to prevent North Korea from importing or exporting the items.
    (AP, 11/1/06)

2006        Nov 16, Pres. Bush in Singapore voiced tentative support for a free trade agreement covering all 21 members of APEC and warned North Korea against trying to sell nuclear arms
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.A4)(WSJ, 11/17/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 19, President Bush in Vietnam sought Chinese President Hu Jintao's help on dual fronts, aiming to rein in North Korea's nuclear ambitions and encourage the Chinese people to buy more US goods. Pacific Rim leaders urged North Korea to take concrete steps to live up to its commitments to stop developing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Iran’s official Islamic Republic News Agency reported that President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has demanded more ties with North Korea and urged for nuclear disarmament in Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 11/19/06)

2006        Nov 28, North Korea's nuclear envoy sat down with top negotiators for the US and China, an unannounced meeting aimed at reactivating stalled six-nation talks on persuading North Korea to abandon nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Nov 29, North Korean envoys left China after meeting with US negotiators with no agreement reached on a resumption of 6-nation nuclear talks.
    (WSJ, 11/30/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 29, Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez said the US is banning exports of luxury items to North Korea, arguing that the Stalinist state's ruling elite is "splurging" while its population suffers. According to reports, the list of items specifically targeting North Korea's bon vivant leader Kim Jong-Il includes iPods, jet skis and plasma televisions.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)

2006        Dec 4, Russia's atomic energy agency declined to comment on Japanese news reports that North Korea had offered Russia exclusive rights to its natural uranium deposits in exchange for support at six-way talks on Pyongyang's nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 12/4/06)

2006        Dec 18, North Korea defiantly declared itself a nuclear power at the start of the first full international arms talks since its atomic test and threatened to increase its arsenal if its demands were not met.
    (AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 19, US and North Korean financial experts met over Washington's campaign to isolate the communist country from the international banking system, the key stumbling block in negotiations over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 12/19/06)

2006        Dec 21, Japan said it saw no hope of a breakthrough in talks on scrapping North Korea's nuclear weapons, accusing Pyongyang of using a financial dispute with the United States to drive a stake into a proposed deal.
    (AP, 12/21/06)

2006        Dec 22, In China the first talks on North Korea's nuclear program since the communist nation tested an atomic device ended without an agreement on disarmament or a date for further negotiations.
    (AP, 12/22/06)

2006        Dec 23, The North Korean army's chief of staff vowed to take strong countermeasures against US sanctions.
    (AP, 12/23/06)

2007        Jan 3, South Korea’s official media reported that Paek Nam Sun, North Korea's foreign minister and the country's top diplomat for nearly 10 years, has died at the age of 78.
    (AP, 1/3/07)

2007        Jan 19, North Korea said it reached an agreement with the US during talks this week on its nuclear program, and the top US nuclear envoy expressed optimism that progress could be made when wider arms negotiations reconvene.
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2007        Jan 26, The United States issued a formal rule banning exports of luxury items to North Korea, including jet skis, I-pods, jewelry and fancy cars, in an effort to put pressure on the communist leadership in Pyongyang.
    (AP, 1/26/07)

2007        Feb 8, North Korea agreed in principle to take initial steps toward dismantling its nuclear programs at the start of international talks seeking the first concrete progress on disarming Pyongyang.
    (AP, 2/8/07)

2007        Feb 9, In China envoys to international talks on ending North Korea's nuclear weapons program struggled to find a compromise as differences emerged over a Chinese proposal on how to begin the disarmament process.
    (AP, 2/9/07)

2007        Feb 13, North Korea agreed to shut down its main nuclear reactor and eventually dismantle its atomic weapons program in exchange for millions of dollars in aid. The agreement reached in Beijing said North Korea would close its nuclear plants within 60 days in return for aid and other inducements. North Korean state media said the pact required only a temporary suspension of the country's nuclear facilities.
    (AP, 2/13/07)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.28)

2007        Feb 23, North Korea asked the chief UN atomic inspector to visit four years after expelling his experts and dropping out of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 28, A group of 12 North Korean refugees has arrived in the United States to seek asylum, the largest group from the communist nation to have recently defected there.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Mar 1, North Korea's No. 2 leader pledged his country's commitment to giving up its nuclear program amid intensifying diplomacy aimed at implementing Pyongyang's pledge to disarm.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Mar 2, South Korea delayed a full resumption of aid shipments to North Korea until the communist regime shuts down its main atomic reactor under an international agreement to take steps toward abandoning its nuclear weapons program. A South Korean activist said 80 North Korean refugees are hiding in various Asian countries and preparing to seek asylum in the United States. North and South Korea agreed to resume reunions of families that have been separated by their divided border.
    (AP, 3/2/07)

2007        Mar 7, North Korea reported that it has slaughtered hundreds of cows and pigs after an outbreak of foot and mouth disease. The report said the sickened cows had been imported from Tieling, China.
    (AP, 3/8/07)

2007        Mar 14, The chief UN nuclear inspector returned from a one-day trip to Pyongyang saying that North Korea was "fully committed" to an agreement that requires it to shutter its main nuclear reactor and let in inspectors as soon as the U.S. drops financial sanctions.
    (AP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, The US Treasury Department said it would order US banks to sever ties with Banco Delta Asia in Macao for allegedly helping North Korea launder money. This was a move to unfreeze North Korean assets in the Macao bank.
    (AP, 3/15/07)(WSJ, 3/15/07, p.A1)

2007        Mar 16, Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Hill, the top US nuclear envoy, said a dispute on North Korean funds held in a Macau bank has been resolved, potentially removing a key stumbling block that has bedeviled progress on dismantling Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2007        Mar 17, North Korea warned it would not shut a nuclear plant until the United States lifted banking curbs, while Washington's envoy maintained the bank issue would not kill a budding disarmament deal.
    (Reuters, 3/17/07)

2007        Mar 19, US officials said that the United States and North Korea have resolved a dispute over $25 million in frozen North Korean funds, clearing the way for progress in dismantling the North's nuclear programs.
    (AP, 3/19/07)
2007        Mar 19, The Macau Monetary Authority said it would release 25 million dollars in North Korean funds frozen at a bank under US financial sanctions.
    (AP, 3/19/07)

2007        Mar 22, Talks on halting North Korea's nuclear program broke down abruptly on with the country's chief nuclear envoy flying home after a dispute over money frozen in a Macau bank could not be resolved.
    (AP, 3/22/07)

2007        Apr 7, The New York Times reported in its Sunday edition that the Bush administration in January allowed Ethiopia to complete a secret arms purchase from North Korea in an apparent violation of a UN Security Council sanctions resolution passed months earlier over its nuclear test.
    (Reuters, 4/7/07)

2007        Apr 8, Bill Richardson, the New Mexico governor who has undertaken diplomatic missions to countries at odds with the United States, began a rare visit to isolated North Korea to recover remains of American servicemen killed in the Korean War.
    (AP, 4/9/07)

2007        Apr 10, Officials from North and South Korea's Red Cross societies resumed talks on resolving the issue of South Korean prisoners of war and civilian abductees believed held in the communist country.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, The US Treasury Department said authorities in Macau are ready to release frozen North Korean funds that have impeded disarmament talks.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Japan's Cabinet approved a six-month extension on trade sanctions against North Korea, which were imposed in the wake of the communist state's nuclear test last year.
    (AP, 4/10/07)

2007        Apr 11, North Korea replaced its prime minister during a session of its rubber-stamp parliament. US envoys entered South Korea from North Korea in a rare border crossing after securing the remains of six American soldiers from the Korean War and pushing for action on the North's nuclear disarmament.
    (AP, 4/11/07)

2007        Apr 14, North Korea missed a deadline for shutting down its main nuclear reactor, and a key US negotiator said the country must keep the disarmament program from foundering.
    (AP, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 19, North and South Korea formally opened economic aid talks, after a delay caused by Pyongyang's insistence that Seoul pledge food assistance to the impoverished nation despite its failure to live up to a pact on nuclear disarmament.
    (AP, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 20, North Korea restated its commitment to a landmark nuclear disarmament deal, saying it would invite UN atomic inspectors and discuss shutting down its bomb-making atomic reactor as soon as it confirmed the release of its funds frozen in a banking dispute.
    (AP, 4/20/07)

2007        Apr 22, South Korea agreed to send 400,000 tons of rice to impoverished North Korea despite the communist government's failure to meet a deadline to shut down its nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 4/22/07)

2007        Apr 26, Myanmar and North Korea signed an agreement to resume diplomatic ties during a visit to Myanmar by the North Korean vice foreign minister.
    (AP, 4/26/07)

2007        Apr 27, President Bush and visiting Japanese PM Shinzo Abe threatened stronger punitive actions against North Korea if it reneged on a promise to padlock its sole nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 4/27/08)

2007        May 2, The South Korean government announced its first-ever plan to seize assets gained by alleged Korean collaborators during Japanese colonial rule as part of efforts to reconcile with its past more than 60 years after the end of the peninsula's occupation. 2 defectors to South Korea described how they had been tortured in a North Korean prison camp, as a South Korean rights group issued a report on abuses of detainees in the communist state.
    (AP, 5/2/07)

2007        May 4, The divided Koreas agreed to discuss historic trial runs of cross-border railways, as Washington cautioned Seoul against rushing to embrace Pyongyang before it takes steps to dismantle its nuclear program.
    (AP, 5/4/07)

2007        May 9, Military officials from North and South Korea reached an agreement clearing the way for the first railway journeys across their heavily fortified border for half a century.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

2007        May 11, North and South Korea adopted a military agreement enabling the first train crossing of their heavily armed border in more than half a century.
    (AP, 5/11/07)

2007        May 17, The first trains since 1953 traversed the Korean DMZ in a peace gesture.
    (WSJ, 5/18/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 2, Four people believed to have fled North Korea arrived at a port in northern Japan in a small boat and told police they want to go to South Korea.
    (Reuters, 6/2/07)

2007        Jun 14, More than $20 million in disputed North Korean funds was transferred from a blacklisted Macau bank, signaling a breakthrough in a dispute that has held up the North's pledge to shut down its nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 6/14/07)

2007        Jun 16, North Korea sent a letter to the UN nuclear watchdog, inviting inspectors to the country to discuss procedures for shutting down its main nuclear reactor. Top US nuclear negotiator Christopher Hill said technical problems in Russia are holding up the transfer of North Korean funds linked to a nuclear disarmament deal.
    (AP, 6/16/07)

2007        Jun 19, A US envoy said North Korea has finally received millions of dollars at the heart of a dispute that stalled nuclear disarmament negotiations, and must quickly shut down its only reactor.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jun 21, Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Hill, the chief US nuclear envoy, made a rare trip to North Korea in a surprise bid to accelerate international efforts to press the communist government to abandon its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 6/21/08)

2007        Jun 26, UN nuclear monitors arrived in North Korea to discuss the communist nation's plans to fulfill its long-delayed pledge to shut down its main nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

2007        Jun 29, A top official said the UN nuclear watchdog and North Korea have reached an agreement on how the agency will monitor and verify shutdown of the country's main nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 6/29/07)

2007        Jul 14, UN inspectors arrived in North Korea to monitor the communist country's long-anticipated promise to scale back its nuclear weapons program. North Korea said it had shut down its nuclear reactor at Yongbyon, hours after a ship cruised into port loaded with oil promised in return for the country's pledge to disarm.
    (SSFC, 7/15/07, p.A4)(AP, 7/14/08)

2007        Jul 15, North Korea confirmed it has shut its nuclear reactor that provides the secretive state with material to make weapons-grade plutonium.
    (Reuters, 7/15/07)

2007        Jul 16, Orascom Construction Industries S.A.E. of Cairo said it is investing $115 million to acquire a 50% stake in a North Korean cement plant.
    (WSJ, 1/16/07, p.A6)

2007        Jul 25, A South Korean aid group said some 430 North Koreans have died of hunger in a northern region in the past month because of chronic food shortages.
    (AP, 7/25/07)

2007        Jul 26, North Korea walked out of military talks with South Korea, ending 3 days of high-level negotiations with no agreement amid a lingering dispute over their shared sea border.
    (AP, 7/26/07)

2007        Aug 14, North Korean officials said that 200 people were dead or missing across the country due to floods caused by days of heavy rains. On Aug 17 an international aid group said over 300 were dead or missing from the floods. The toll was later raised to 600.
    (AP, 8/14/07)(AP, 8/17/07)(AP, 8/25/07)

2007        Aug 15, Official media said severe floods have destroyed more than a tenth of North Korea's farmland at the height of the growing season.
    (AP, 8/15/07)

2007        Sep 1, North Korea and the US began face-to-face talks in Geneva aimed at reaching an agreement on how to proceed with Pyongyang's denuclearization pledge.
    (AP, 9/1/07)

2007        Sep 2, Following two days of talks in Geneva, Christopher Hill, the chief US negotiator,  said North Korea had agreed to account for and disable its atomic programs by the end of the year; the head of the North Korean delegation said his country's willingness to cooperate was clear, but he did not cite any dates.
    (AP, 9/2/08)

2007        Sep 3, A spokesman for North Korea's Foreign Ministry said the US has decided to remove North Korea from a list of terrorism-sponsoring states and lift sanctions against it.
    (AP, 9/3/07)

2007        Sep 4, A senior US diplomat said North Korea remains on a list of states that sponsor terrorism, dismissing North Korean claims that Washington decided to remove the designation.
    (AP, 9/4/07)

2007        Sep 5, North Korea said it had arrested spies working for an unspecified foreign country who were collecting intelligence on the communist state's military and state secrets.
    (AP, 9/5/07)
2007        Sep 5, Japan and North Korea held talks for the first time in six months in a bid to ease tensions amid signs of cautious optimism for progress from the arch-foes. The meeting in the Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator is part of a working group set up by six-nation talks designed to stop North Korea's nuclear weapons programs.
    (AFP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 6, Japan and North Korea wrapped up a rare meeting without a breakthrough in an emotional row over kidnappings, but they pledged to keep talking amid small signs of hope between the arch-rivals.
    (AP, 9/6/07)

2007        Sep 11, American, Russian and Chinese nuclear experts began a rare visit to North Korea to examine ways of disabling the country's main nuclear facilities so they can no longer produce bombs.
    (AP, 9/11/07)

2007        Sep 21, North Korea and Syria held high-level talks in Pyongyang, amid suspicions that the two countries might be cooperating on a nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 9/21/07)

2007        Sep 22, North Korea's No. 2 leader met with a Syrian delegation in Pyongyang, amid suspicions of a secret nuclear connection between the two countries.
    (AP, 9/22/07)
2007        Sep 22, To date 144 countries had ratified the UN Convention Against Torture. Holdouts included Sudan, North Korea, Myanmar, Zimbabwe and India.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.72)

2007        Sep 28, The United States announced it would spend up to $25 million to pay for 50,000 tons of heavy fuel oil for North Korea as part of an agreement to dismantle the North’s nuclear program.
    (AP, 9/28/08)

2007        Sep 30, Negotiators at North Korea's disarmament talks tentatively agreed to a draft plan on disabling the country's nuclear facilities by year's end.
    (AP, 9/30/07)

2007        Oct 2, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il showed scant enthusiasm for the visiting South Korean president, while orchestrated crowds of thousands cheered the start of the second summit between the divided Koreas since World War II.
    (AP, 10/2/07)

2007        Oct 3, The six nations involved in disarmament talks said North Korea will provide a complete list of its nuclear programs and disable its facilities at its main reactor complex by Dec. 31, actions that will be overseen by a US-led team.
    (AP, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 4, The leaders of North and South Korea pledged to seek a peace treaty to replace the Korean War's 1953 cease-fire and expand projects to reduce tension across the world's last Cold War frontier.
    (AP, 10/4/07)

2007        Oct 9, Japan's Cabinet approved plans to extend economic sanctions against North Korea, despite the communist state's agreement to disable its main nuclear complex by year's end.
    (AP, 10/9/07)

2007        Apr 23, David Halberstam (73), Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and writer, died in a car crash in San Mateo, Ca. His books included “The Best and the Brightest" (1972) and “The Powers That Be" (1979). He had just finished his 21st book “The Coldest Winter," a history of the Korean War, which was published later this year.
    (SFC, 4/24/07, p.A1)(Econ, 5/5/07, p.108)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.98)

2007        Oct 21, In Syria a high-level North Korean official held talks with PM Naji Otari on ways to improve cooperation between the two countries.
    (AP, 10/21/07)

2007        Oct 30, The US Navy boarded a North Korean flagged ship at its invitation with a small team of medics, security personnel and an interpreter. The 22-person North Korean crew already had regained control of the ship and detained all the Somali pirates.
    (AP, 11/1/07)

2007        Nov 3, Je Yell Kim, a Canadian Christian aid worker who provided dental care for North Koreans in the northeast part of the country, was taken into custody by authorities on charges of violating national security. Kim was released in late Jan 2008.
    (Reuters, 1/28/08)
2007        Nov 5, In North Korea a team of experts led by the US started work to disable 3 nuclear facilities at Yongbyon.
    (Econ, 11/10/07, p.55)

2007        Nov 6, A US diplomat said the disablement of North Korea's nuclear weapons-making facilities has started smoothly and the communist nation should be able to complete the process by the end of the year.
    (AP, 11/6/07)

2007        Nov 14, The prime ministers of North and South Korea met for the first time in 15 years, hoping to extend the detente fostered by the second-ever summit of their leaders last month with new South Korean investment in the impoverished North.
    (AP, 11/14/07)

2007        Nov 16, North and South Korea agreed to launch rail service across their heavily armed border for the first time in more than half a century, a move symbolizing the growing reconciliation between the two sides.
    (AP, 11/16/07)

2007        Nov 26, A South Korean aid group said North Korea has resumed frequent public executions, among them a factory chief accused of making international phone calls who was shot in a stadium before 150,000 spectators.
    (AP, 11/26/07)

2007        Nov 27, The defense chiefs of North and South Korea began a rare meeting to discuss easing tension across their disputed sea border on a harmonious note, pledging to end the peninsula's division.
    (AP, 11/27/07)

2007        Nov 28, North and South Korea struggled to resolve differences over creating a joint fishing zone around their disputed sea border at a second day of rare defense talks in Pyongyang.
    (AP, 11/28/07)

2007        Nov 29, The top defense officials from North and South Korea agreed on security arrangements for the first-ever regular train service across their heavily fortified border.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Dec 1, Pres. Bush sent a letter, his first, to North Korean leader Kim Jong Il urging him to fully disclose his nuclear programs by the end of the year.
    (SFC, 12/7/07, p.A16)

2007        Dec 11, North and South Korea began regular freight train service across their heavily armed border for the first time in more than a half century, in another symbolic step in their reconciliation.
    (AP, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 13, North Korea verbally responded through a diplomatic channel to a letter Bush sent to Kim earlier this month. A senior US official with knowledge of the contents said it was delivered through a diplomatic channel in New York and contained what appeared to be a pledge from Pyongyang to follow through on its denuclearization deal as long as the United States held to its end of the bargain.
    (AP, 12/14/07)

2007        Dec 14, North and South Korea ended three days of talks without an agreement on creating a shared fishing zone to defuse tensions along their disputed sea border.
    (AP, 12/14/07)

2007        Dec 31, North Korea failed to meet a year-end deadline to declare all its nuclear programs under an aid-for-disarmament deal, prompting disappointed reactions from South Korea, the United States and Japan.
    (AP, 12/31/07)

2008        Jan 6, North Korea stepped up anti-US propaganda with a six-nation nuclear disarmament process bogged down and Pyongyang and Washington in dispute over the delay.
    (AP, 1/6/08)

2008        Jan 22, North Korea accused the US of failing to meet its commitments toward the communist nation, blaming Washington for the slow progress in a nuclear disarmament deal.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, North Korea said it will close its embassy in Australia because it can no longer afford it.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 25, North and South Korea held working-level military talks, the first dialogue between the two countries this year, as Seoul's conservative president-elect prepared to take office with calls for a tougher stance toward Pyongyang.
    (AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Feb 22, North Korea opened its main nuclear reactor to foreign media for the first time in a bid to show that it is complying with a disarmament accord to disable the facility.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 25, The New York Philharmonic arrived in a snowy Pyongyang to play the symphony "From the New World" in an overture to thaw still frozen ties from the Cold War era between the United States and North Korea.
    (AP, 2/25/08)

2008        Feb 26, An audience of North Korea's communist elite gave America's oldest orchestra a standing ovation after a rousing set that took in Dvorak, Gershwin and a Korean folk song. Some Philharmonic members were so overcome they left the stage in tears.
    (Reuters, 2/26/08)

2008        Mar 5, An aid group said North Korea executed 15 people trying to flee of helping others escape.
    (WSJ, 3/6/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 8, North Korea’s official news agency reported that leader Kim Jong Il hopes for stronger friendship with Syria, amid lingering suspicions of a secret nuclear connection between the two countries.
    (AP, 3/8/08)

2008        Mar 20, Kim Yong-Nam, North Korea's de facto head of state, arrived in Namibia as part of his goodwill visit to three African nations, which also includes Angola and Uganda. Namibia and North Korea hoped to strengthen their economic ties. Kim Yong-Nam warned against countries plundering resources from poor African countries.
    (AFP, 3/20/08)

2008        Mar 24, South Korea's president asked North Korea to consider sending home prisoners of war and captured civilians in return for receiving humanitarian aid from Seoul.
    (AP, 3/24/08)

2008        Mar 27, North Korea expelled all 11 South Korean officials from a joint industrial estate just north of the border in retaliation for Seoul's new tougher line towards the communist state.
    (AP, 3/27/08)

2008        Mar 28, North Korea test-fired a barrage of short-range missiles in apparent response to the new South Korean government's tougher stance on Pyongyang.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Apr 27, A North Korean defector tried to set himself on fire to halt the Olympic torch relay through Seoul, while thousands of police guarded the flame from protesters blasting China's treatment of North Korean refugees. A North Korean soldier defected to South Korea for the first time in a decade across the heavily fortified border dividing the countries.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(AP, 4/28/08)

2008        May 8, North Korea handed over thousands of pages of nuclear weapons documents to a US diplomat, that will help verify the North’s plutonium holdings.
    (WSJ, 5/9/08, p.A1)

2008        May 9, A South Korean aid group said North Koreans are dying because of food shortages in rural areas, and a massive famine is just a matter of time.
    (AP, 5/9/08)

2008        May, A South Korean abductee escaped from North Korea after more than 30 years and was under Seoul’s protection in China. Yoon Jong-soo, 65, ended up in the North when his fishing boat and 32 other crew members were seized off South Korea's east coast in 1975.

2008        Jun 3, The Good Friends, a Seoul-based humanitarian group, said that a highly contagious disease has sparked a health alert with an estimated five or six children dying every day since April 27 in North Korea’s city of Hoeryong. A doctor said hand-foot-mouth disease could be spreading from China, where it has killed several dozen children.
    (AFP, 6/3/08)

2008        Jun 26, North Korea handed over details of its nuclear programs, paving the way to be removed from the US terrorism blacklist amid years of efforts to persuade the North to abandon the atom bomb.
    (AFP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, President Bush said he will lift key trade sanctions against North Korea and remove it from the US terrorism blacklist, a remarkable turnaround in policy toward the communist regime he once branded as part of an "axis of evil."
    (AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jun 27, North Korea destroyed the most visible symbol of its nuclear weapons program, blasting apart the cooling tower at its main atomic reactor in a sign of its commitment to stop making plutonium for atomic bombs.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jun 30, The UN said thousands of tons of food from the US has started flowing into North Korea.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.A3)

2008        Jul 4, North Korea said it will not take further steps to dismantle its nuclear program until the US and its other negotiating partners award fuel oil and political benefits promised under an aid-for-disarmament deal.
    (AP, 7/4/08)

2008        Jul 10, North Korea returned to international talks on its nuclear activities after a nine-month break, in what host China hailed as a potential turning point in the disarmament process.
    (AFP, 7/10/08)

2008        Jul 11, A North Korean soldier fatally shot a South Korean woman tourist (53) at a mountain resort in the communist North, prompting the South to suspend the high-profile tour program. Park Wang-ja  had strayed a half-mile into a fenced off military area and was shot twice from behind.
    (AP, 7/11/08)

2008        Jul 12, North Korea agreed to completely disable its main nuclear facilities by the end of October and to allow thorough site inspections to verify that all necessary steps had been taken as the latest round of six-nation disarmament talks concluded in Beijing.
    (AFP, 7/12/08)

2008        Jul 15, In South Korea Won Jeong-hwa (34) was arrested and later confessed that she was a spy trained and commissioned by North Korea's intelligence agency.
    (AP, 8/27/08)

2008        Jul 24, In Singapore North Korea's reclusive communist regime, long seen as a nuclear threat to the region, signed a nonaggression pact with Southeast Asia, in a largely symbolic move. The Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) with the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) came into force in 1976, requires signatories to renounce the use or threat of force and calls for the peaceful settlement of conflicts.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 30, The UN said hunger in North Korea is at its worst since the 1990s, prompting the resumption of emergency UN food shipments after a two-year hiatus.
    (AFP, 7/30/08)

2008        Aug 15, In Beijing 2 positive dope tests by Asian athletes overshadowed Singapore's first medal in 48 years and a podium for Malaysia with a North Korean shooter and a Vietnamese gymnast exposed as cheats.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 26, North Korea said it has suspended work on disabling its nuclear facilities as of August 14 and is considering restoration of the Yongbyon reactor that can make material for atomic bombs, accusing the US of violating a disarmament deal by failing to delist North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism.
    (AP, 8/26/08)

2008        Aug, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il reportedly suffered a stroke.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

2008        Sep 1, North Korea began reassembling its Yongbyon reactor that can make material for atomic bombs in violation of US conditions for improved diplomatic relations. Japan's Kyodo news agency reported the restart on Sep 3 citing sources in Beijing close to six-party nuclear talks on North Korean.
    (Reuters, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 9, North Korea held a military parade to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the country’s founding, but leader Kim Jong Il (66) was missing. Media later reported that Kim Jong Il had brain surgery after a stroke last month and could have partial paralysis on one side.
    (SFC, 9/10/08, p.A3)(AP, 9/11/08)

2008        Sep 19, North Korea said it is making "thorough preparations" to restart its nuclear reactor, accusing the United States of failing to fulfill its obligations under an international disarmament-for-aid agreement.
    (AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 22, North Korea asked the UN nuclear watchdog (IAEA) to remove seals and surveillance equipment from the Yongbyon nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 9/22/08)

2008        Sep 24, North Korea barred UN nuclear inspectors from its main nuclear reactor and within a week plans to reactivate the plant that once provided the plutonium for its atomic test explosion.
    (AP, 9/24/08)

2008        Oct 8, South Korea's top military officer said North Korea is working to develop a nuclear warhead for a long-range missile, a day after the communist state tested its short-range weaponry.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

2008        Oct 9, The International Atomic Energy Agency said North Korea has told it that the government is placing all its main nuclear complex off-limits to inspectors and will stop its program of dismantling the site.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 11, The Bush administration removed North Korea from a terrorism blacklist as North Korea agreed to all US nuclear inspection demands. The breakthrough is intended to salvage a faltering disarmament accord before President Bush leaves office in January.
    (AP, 10/11/08)

2008        Oct 12, North Korea said it will resume dismantling its main nuclear facilities, hours after the US removed the communist country from a list of states Washington says sponsor terrorism.
    (AP, 10/12/08)

2008        Oct 14, North Korea resumed steps to disable its nuclear reactor under renewed monitoring, after a deal with Washington to save the disarmament process from collapse.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

2008        Oct 28, South Korean officials said a North Korean soldier has defected for the 2nd time in a decade.
    (WSJ, 10/29/08, p.A1)(www.iht.com/articles/2008/10/28/asia/korea.php)

2008        Oct 29, South Korea reported that Kim Jong Il has suffered a serious setback in his recovery from a stroke.
    (WSJ, 10/30/08, p.A1)

2008        Nov 12, The United States says it has shipped 50,000 metric tons of heavy fuel oil to North Korea as part of a nuclear disarmament deal. The fuel is scheduled to arrive in the North in late November and early December. North Korea said that it won't allow outside inspectors to take samples from its main nuclear complex to verify the communist regime's accounting of past nuclear activities.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, North Korea's powerful military announced it will shut the country's border with the South on Dec. 1, a marked escalation of threats against Seoul's new conservative government at a time of heightened tension on the peninsula.
    (AP, 11/12/08)

2008        Nov 20, South Korean activists sent propaganda leaflets over the border into North Korea, ignoring their own government's pleas to stop the practice and threats from the North to sever relations if it continues.
    (AP, 11/20/08)

2008        Nov 24, North Korea detailed plans to radically curtail ties with South Korea, announcing the end of daily cross-border train service and tours of a historic city in response to what it called Seoul's "confrontational" policy.
    (AP, 11/24/08)

2008        Dec 9, In Beijing delegates from six nations focused on a Chinese proposal on how to verify North Korea's claims about its atomic program in talks aimed at ending the secretive regime's nuclear activities.
    (AFP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 11, Multilateral talks with North Korea failed to break an impasse on checking Pyongyang’s nuclear declarations. This led the US to halt fuel oil shipments until specific steps are taken to verify nuclear activities.
    (WSJ, 12/13/08, p.A10)

2008        Dec 13, North Korea warned that it will slow down work on ending its nuclear drive after six-party talks collapsed, but South Korea predicted a fresh start for diplomacy under US president-elect Barack Obama.
    (AFP, 12/13/08)
2008        Dec 13, Japan, China and South Korea moved to ward off the effects of the global financial crunch at a trilateral summit in Japan, while Tokyo and Seoul criticized North Korea for stalling denuclearization talks.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 14, Orascom Telecom, an Egyptian company, said it will launch 3G mobile telephone service in North Korea on Dec 15, after winning the contract to build the advanced network in a country where private cell phones are banned.
    (AP, 12/14/08)

2008        US Attorney Richard Streeter received a $65 million judgment on behalf of US Navy crewmen held captive for nearly a year by North Korea in 1968. The former crewmen have never collected any money.
    (AP, 8/4/15)

2009        Jan 14, South Korea's Chosun Ilbo newspaper said North Korean leader Kim Jong Il has reportedly ordered a crackdown on street markets in an apparent move to reassert control over the economy amid an influx of foreign goods into the isolated country.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 17, A US researcher who visited the North said North Korea has hardened its stance on disarmament, saying it has "weaponized" plutonium into warheads, but hopes for better ties with President-elect Barack Obama.
    (AP, 1/17/09)

2009        Jan 21, North Korea and Iran, two nations with nuclear aspirations the US wants to thwart, both signaled that they were open to new initiatives from President Barack Obama that could defuse tensions.
    (AP, 1/21/09)

2009        Jan 30, North Korea announced that it is scrapping agreements with South Korea on easing military tensions, accusing Seoul of pushing relations to the brink of war.
    (AP, 1/30/09)

2009        Feb 17, In Japan US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton warned North Korea against following through on a threatened missile launch, saying it would damage its prospects for improved relations with the United States and the world. Clinton also signed an agreement with Japan that will move 8,000 Marines off the southern Japanese island of Okinawa to the US territory of Guam.
    (AP, 2/17/09)

2009        Feb 23, South Korea's Defense Ministry said North Korea recently deployed a new type of medium-range ballistic missile capable of reaching northern Australia and the US territory of Guam.
    (AP, 2/23/09)

2009        Feb 24, North Korea said it is preparing to shoot a satellite into orbit, its clearest reference yet to an impending launch that neighbors and the US suspect will be a provocative test of a long-range missile.
    (AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Mar 8, Kim Jong Il was unanimously re-elected to North Korea's rubber-stamp parliament. Outside observers watched closely for hints leader Kim Jong Il may be grooming a successor.
    (AP, 3/8/09)(AP, 3/9/09)

2009        Mar 9, The US and South Korea began annual war games prompting North Korea to call its military into full combat readiness.
    (SFC, 3/10/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 13, Japan said it could shoot down any threatening object falling toward its territory, after North Korea said a planned rocket launch would send it across Japanese territory.
    (AP, 3/13/09)

2009        Mar 16, A UN human rights investigator accused North Korean authorities of committing widespread torture in prisons that he called "death traps." Life in the reclusive communist-ruled country is "dire and desperate," said Vitit Muntarbhorn, adding that people are denied enough food to survive.
    (AP, 3/16/09)

2009        Mar 17, North Korea fully reopened its border to South Koreans commuting to jobs at factories in a northern economic zone after four days of restrictions. North Korean soldiers detained two American journalists near the country's border with China. Laura Ling and Euna Lee, reporters for former Vice President Al Gore's San Francisco-based online media outlet Current TV, were taken into custody near the Tumen River in northeastern North Korea. They had crossed into the country while reporting about the sex trade. Both journalists were formally indicted in April. After 140 days in custody, the reporters were granted a pardon.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(AP, 3/19/09)(SFC, 4/24/09, p.A2)(SFC, 5/18/10, p.A4)(AP, 8/5/09)

2009        Mar 18, The prime ministers of China and North Korea discussed the nuclear situation on the Korean peninsula as they met in Beijing amid rising tensions over Pyongyang's atomic and missile programs.
    (AFP, 3/18/09)

2009        Mar 20, North Korea closed its southern border for the third time in recent days, even as it told Seoul it would restore a military communications hot line severed last week.
    (AP, 3/20/09)

2009        Apr 5, North Korea defied international warnings and sent a rocket hurtling over the Pacific, a launch President Barack Obama called an illicit test of the regime's long-range missile technology that threatened the security of nations "near and far." North Korea said it successfully sent its "Kwangmyongsong-2" satellite into orbit as part of its peaceful bid to develop its space program. South Korea and the US military disputed North Korea's claim of a successful launch into space, saying the rocket fell into the ocean in stages.
    (AP, 4/5/09)

2009        Apr 9, Kim Jong Il laid to rest speculation about his health with a triumphant return to parliament for his appointment to a third term as North Korea's supreme leader. Legislators unanimously adopted a law "on revising and supplementing the Socialist Constitution of the DPRK (North Korea)" but gave no details.
    (AP, 4/9/09)(AFP, 4/9/09)

2009        Apr 10, Japan renewed and strengthened sanctions against North Korea, but disagreed with the US over how the UN Security Council should censure Pyongyang for its rocket launch.
    (AP, 4/10/09)

2009        Apr 13, The UN Security Council unanimously condemned North Korea's April 5 rocket launch, demanded an end to missile tests and said it will expand sanctions against the reclusive communist nation.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 14, North Korea vowed to restart its nuclear reactor and to boycott international disarmament talks for good in retaliation for the UN Security Council's condemnation of its rocket launch.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 16, UN nuclear inspectors left North Korea after the hardline communist state ordered them out and announced plans to restart production of weapons-grade plutonium.
    (AFP, 4/16/09)

2009        Apr 21, North and South Korea held their first formal talks for more than a year but discussions ended without agreement after just 22 minutes.
    (AFP, 4/21/09)

2009        Apr 25, North Korea said it has restarted its nuclear facilities to harvest plutonium for atomic weapons, just hours after the UN imposed new sanctions on the communist state for its recent rocket launch.
    (AP, 4/25/09)

2009        Apr 30, Chinese state media reported that China has reopened its land border to tourists traveling to North Korea after a three-year break, with a group of 71 tourists visiting the isolated country earlier this week on a one day tour of Sinuiju.
    (AP, 4/30/09)

2009        May 4, South Korean snipers hovering in a helicopter chased away pirates pursuing a North Korean freighter, while a Russian warship freed eight Iranian citizens held hostage for more than three months.
    (AP, 5/4/09)
2009        May 4, South Korean news reported that North Korea runs a cyber warfare unit that tries to hack into US and South Korean military networks to gather confidential information and disrupt service.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 15, North Korea said it has scrapped all wage and rent agreements with South Korea at a joint industrial estate and told some 100 South Korean companies to leave if they cannot accept it.
    (AFP, 5/15/09)

2009        May 25, North Korea claimed it carried out a powerful underground nuclear test, much larger than one conducted in 2006. Russia's Defense Ministry confirmed an atomic explosion at 9:54 a.m. (0054 GMT) in northeastern North Korea, estimating the blast's yield at 10 to 20 kilotons, comparable to the bombs that flattened Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
    (AP, 5/25/09)

2009        May 26, North Korea reportedly tested two more short-range missiles, a day after detonating a nuclear bomb underground, pushing the regime further into a confrontation with world powers despite the threat of UN action.
    (AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 27, North Korea renounced its 1953 truce with the allied forces and threatened to strike any ships trying to intercept its vessels. Facing international censure for this week's nuclear test, it threatened to attack the South after it joined a US-led plan to check vessels suspected of carrying equipment for weapons of mass destruction.
    (Reuters, 5/27/09)

2009        May 28, South Korean and US troops raised their alert to the highest level since 2006 after North Korea renounced its truce with the allied forces and threatened to strike any ships trying to intercept its vessels.
    (AP, 5/28/09)

2009        May 29, North Korea warned it would act in "self-defense" if provoked by the UN Security Council, which is considering tough sanctions over the communist country's nuclear test, and followed the threat with the test launch of another short-range missile.
    (AP, 5/29/09)

2009        Jun 2, Two major South Korean newspapers said that North Korea's military, party and government officials were informed that Kim Jong Un (26), the youngest of three, is in line to take the world's first communist dynasty into a third generation.
    (AP, 6/2/09)

2009        Jun 8, North Korea convicted Laura Ling and Euna Lee, American journalists for former Vice President Al Gore's San Francisco-based Current TV media venture, and sentenced them to 12 years of hard labor for crossing into its territory, intensifying the reclusive nation's confrontation with the United States.
    (AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 10, Western powers reached agreement with North Korea's key allies on a UN draft proposal that would impose tough new sanctions on the communist nation's weapons exports and financial dealings, and allow inspections of suspect cargo in ports and on the high seas.
    (AP, 6/10/09)(SFC, 6/11/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 11, North Korea demanded a 3,000 percent hike in rent from South Korea for the site of a joint industrial park at the center of a dispute roiling their relations. It also sought a more than fourfold increase in wages for North Korean workers employed by South Korean companies at the park. More than 100 South Korean companies have factories in the park, employing some 40,000 North Koreans. They are paid about $70 a month on average.
    (AP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 12, A South Korean newspaper reported that the youngest son of North Korea's authoritarian leader has been given the title of "Brilliant Comrade," a sign the communist regime is preparing to name him as successor to the ailing Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, The UN Security Council agreed to expand an arms embargo against North Korea with the goal of derailing the isolated nation's nuclear and missile programs. It passed Resolution 1874 authorizing the search of North Korean ship suspected of carrying illegal arms.
    (AP, 6/13/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.50)

2009        Jun 13, North Korea vowed to step up its atomic bomb-making program and threatened war if its ships are stopped as part of new UN sanctions aimed at punishing the nation for its latest nuclear test.
    (AP, 6/13/09)

2009        Jun 15, In North Korea tens of thousands rallied in Pyongyang to condemn the UN rebuke of the country's latest nuclear test amid concern the communist regime could conduct another one.
    (AP, 6/15/09)

2009        Jun 16, North Korea said that two female US journalists whom it jailed last week for 12 years had admitted a politically motivated smear campaign against the communist state. Ri Hyon Ok (33) was executed in Ryongchon for distributing the Bible. She was also accused of spying for South Korea and the US and organizing dissidents according to later reports by South Korean activists.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)(AP, 7/24/09)

2009        Jun 17, China and Russia expressed serious concern about tension on the Korean peninsula and, in the face of North Korea's rhetoric, joined international pressure for it to return to nuclear talks.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 19, South Korea rejected North Korea's demand for a massive increase in wages and rent at a joint industrial park struggling to stay afloat, leaving the fate of more than 100 companies and 40,000 workers there hanging in balance.
    (AP, 6/19/09)

2009        Jun 24, North Korea threatened to wipe the United States off the map as Washington and its allies watched for signs the regime will launch a series of missiles in the coming days. Meanwhile a US destroyer tailed a North Korean ship suspected of transporting illicit weapons to Myanmar in what could be the first test of UN sanctions passed to punish the nation for an underground nuclear test last month.
    (AP, 6/24/09)

2009        Jun 25, Tens of thousands of North Koreans shouted slogans to denounce international sanctions at a rally in central Pyongyang, as the communist country vowed to enlarge its atomic arsenal and warned of a "fire shower of nuclear retaliation" in the event of a US attack.
    (AP, 6/25/09)

2009        Jun 26, Group of Eight foreign ministers, meeting in Trieste, Italy, criticized Iran's postelection violence, and urged its ruling clergy to ensure the outcome of the disputed ballot reflects the will of the Iranian people. The G8 countries also condemned North Korea's nuclear and missile tests and called on the country to return to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 6/26/09)

2009        Jun, North Korea shut down its largest wholesale market because of its apparent concern that big markets spread capitalist influence. Authorities closed the Pyongsong market on the outskirts of the capital of Pyongyang and set up two smaller markets in nearby districts. Pyongsong was the North's biggest wholesale market with some 30,000-40,000 stalls.
    (AP, 9/21/09)

2009        Jul 2, North Korea test-fired four short-range missiles, further stoking tension in the region that was already high due to Pyongyang's nuclear test and threats to boost its nuclear arsenal in response to UN sanctions.
    (Reuters, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 4, North Korea fired seven ballistic missiles off its eastern coast, in a violation of UN resolutions and an apparent message of defiance to the US on its Independence Day.
    (AP, 7/4/09)
2009        Jul 4, Attacks began on more than two dozen Internet sites in the United States and South Korea and some were disabled by hackers. South Korea's spy agency later said the attacks were possibly linked to North Korea. Some of the affected US government Web sites, such as the Treasury Department, Federal Trade Commission and Secret Service, were still reporting problems days after it started during the July 4 holiday.
    (Reuters, 7/8/09)(AP, 7/8/09)

2009        Jul 9, South Korean Web sites were attacked again after a wave of Web site outages in the US and South Korea that several officials suspect North Korea was behind.
    (AP, 7/9/09)

2009        Jul 10, South Korea’s spy agency told lawmakers that a research institute affiliated with the North's Ministry of People's Armed Forces received an order on June 7 to "destroy the South Korean puppet communications networks in an instant." The Chosun Ilbo newspaper reported that the North has between 500-1,000 hacking specialists.
    (AP, 7/11/09)

2009        Jul 13, South Korea reported that North Korean leader Kim Jong Il (67) has life-threatening pancreatic cancer, days after fresh images of him looking gaunt spurred speculation that his health was worsening following a reported stroke last year.
    (AP, 7/13/09)

2009        Jul 14, South Korean police said hackers extracted files from computers they contaminated with the virus that triggered cyberattacks last week in the United States and South Korea, a sign that they tried to steal information from the victims. North Korea has supposedly trained an elite group of hackers at Mirim College, its military school.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.62)

2009        Jul 16, The UN Security Council banned travel and froze assets of 10 North Korean individuals and businesses linked to the country’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
    (SFC, 7/17/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 30, North Korea's military seized four South Korean fishermen after their boat strayed into North Korean waters. The fishermen were released on Aug 29.
    (AP, 7/31/09)(AP, 8/29/09)

2009        Aug 1, The Sydney Morning Herald reported that North Korea is helping Myanmar build a secret nuclear reactor and plutonium extraction plant to build an atomic bomb within five years, citing the evidence of defectors. "In the event that the testimony of the defectors is proved, the alleged secret reactor could be capable of being operational and producing one bomb a year, every year, after 2014."
    (AFP, 8/1/09)

2009        Aug 4, In North Korea former US Pres. Bill Clinton met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il on the first day of a surprise visit to Pyongyang, with the "exhaustive" talks covering a wide range of topics. Clinton was in communist North Korea on a mission to secure the release of Americans, who were arrested along the Chinese-North Korean border in March and sentenced in June to 12 years of hard labor for illegal entry and engaging in "hostile acts." After 140 days in custody, the reporters were granted a pardon by North Korea.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 8/5/09)

2009        Aug 6, In South Korea unionists who occupied a car plant in protest at mass layoffs agreed to end a 77-day sit-in which halted production and sparked violent clashes with police.
    (AFP, 8/6/09)

2009        Aug 13, North Korea freed Yu Seong-Jin (44), a South Korean worker it had detained since March, raising hopes of better cross-border relations after 18 months of bitter hostility from the communist state.
    (AFP, 8/13/09)

2009        Aug 15, South Korea's president renewed his offer of aid for impoverished North Korea if it abandons its nuclear weapons and called for talks on the reduction of conventional weapons along their heavily fortified border.
    (AP, 8/15/09)

2009        Aug 16, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il held talks with Hyun Jeong-eun, the head of South Korea's Hyundai Group, in a rare meeting that could warm prospects for a resumption of stalled cross-border projects.
    (AP, 8/16/09)

2009        Aug 17, North Korea said it would restart tours to a scenic mountain resort and allow reunions for families separated since the Korean War, a surprise move that could help ease months of tensions with South Korea over Pyongyang's missile and nuclear tests.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

2009        Aug 26, Russia, worried about North Korean missile and nuclear tests, said it has deployed sophisticated air defenses in its Far East region to protect against any potential test mishap.
    (AFP, 8/26/09)

2009        Aug 28, The United Arab Emirates confirmed that it has seized a cargo ship earlier this month bound for Iran with a cache of banned arms from North Korea. Diplomats identified the vessel as a Bahamas-flagged cargo vessel, the ANL Australia, carrying rocket-propelled grenades and other weapons.
    (AP, 8/29/09)

2009        Sep 6, Six South Koreans camping and fishing along a river flowing from North Korea were swept away when it suddenly doubled in height, because a new dam in the North released a large amount of water without warning. On Oct 14 North Korea offered a rare apology for unleashing the dam water and promised to alert Seoul to such measures in the future.
    (AP, 9/6/09)(AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Sep 24, In Vietnam 9 North Koreans took refuge in Denmark's embassy in Hanoi seeking political asylum and passage to Seoul. On Oct 20 they left the mission and were on their way to South Korea.
    (Reuters, 10/20/09)(SFC, 9/25/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 26, In North Korea 97 older South Koreans reunited with 228 North Korean relatives at the Diamond Mountain resort. This was the first reunion in nearly two years.
    (SSFC, 9/27/09, p.A4)

2009        Sep 30, In North Korea a ceremony marked the return of UN Development Program to the country. UNDP withdrew its operations in March 2007 following allegations that the agency had left itself open to exploitation by the communist regime for money laundering and other illicit purposes. A UN audit cleared UNDP of wrongdoing in June, 2008.
    (AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Oct 4, North Korea told visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao that it was open to bilateral and multilateral talks on its nuclear programs.
    (AFP, 10/4/09)

2009        Oct 5, Visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il amid efforts to bring Pyongyang back to nuclear disarmament talks. China pledged to strengthen bonds with isolated North Korea, calling their relationship a boon to peace.
    (AFP, 10/5/09)(Reuters, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, A South Korean lawmaker, Kwon Young-se, said North Korea has received the equivalent of about $2.2 billion under deals aimed at persuading the isolated nation to dismantle its nuclear facilities, in what his office said is the first accounting of the cost of the failed strategy. In addition to the money it was given in the disarmament-for-aid deals, the North has also received nearly 4 trillion won ($3.4 billion) of food, fertilizer and other humanitarian aid from the US, South Korea and international organizations over the past 10 years.
    (AP, 10/5/09)

2009        Oct 12, North Korea test-fired five short-range missiles off its east coast and banned ships from the area from October 10-20.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)

2009        Oct 13, Rev. Franklin Graham, the son of veteran US evangelist Billy Graham, arrived in North Korea to deliver aid to the impoverished country more than six months after the isolated regime kicked out all American humanitarian groups. Franklin Graham served as the head of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and the aid agency Samaritan's Purse, which have provided more than $10 million in aid to the North since 1997.
    (AP, 10/13/09)

2009        Oct 26, South Korea offered a small amount of food aid to North Korea, its first direct assistance to the impoverished neighbor in nearly two years of strained relations.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, Kang Tong Rim (30) defected into North Korea. The next day a South Korean military statement said Kang had formerly served in an army division near where a fence was found cut and he has been on a police wanted list following his alleged involvement in an assault case in September.
    (AP, 10/27/09)

2009        Nov 3, North Korea said it has reprocessed 8,000 spent nuclear fuel rods and extracted enough plutonium to bolster its atomic stockpile, raising the stakes in an apparent effort to push the US into direct negotiations.
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 10, A badly damaged North Korean patrol ship retreated in flames after a skirmish with a South Korean naval vessel along their disputed western coast. South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said in a statement that a North Korean patrol boat crossed the disputed western sea border about 11:27 a.m. (0227 GMT), drawing warning shots from a South Korean navy vessel. The North Korean boat then opened fire and the South's ship returned fire before the North's vessel sailed back toward its waters.
    (AP, 11/10/09)

2009        Nov 13, President Barack Obama met with Japanese PM Yukio Hatoyama on his first major trip to Asia. He emphasized cooperation and opened with a warning to North Korea that there will be tough, unified action by the US and its Asian partners if the Koreans fail to abandon their nuclear weapons programs. Obama and Hatoyama agreed to joint efforts to realize a nuclear weapons-free world.
    (AP, 11/13/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A4)

2009        Nov 19, In South Korea President Barack Obama said a US envoy would visit North Korea early next month, as he joined South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak in urging the communist state back to nuclear talks.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)

2009        Nov 28, South Africa seized a shipment of spare parts for North Korean tanks destined for the Republic of Congo. South Africa’s government confirmed the seizure on Feb 26, 2010.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2009        Nov 30, North Korea began exchanging old notes following a 100 to 1 revaluation of its currency. Many shops were reported closed with citizens angry and panicked. The redenomination of the won led to a collapse of the currency, a surge in the price of rice and wiped out much traders’ working capital.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A6)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.43)

2009        Dec 4, North Korea made an unlikely foray into designer denim as the "Noko Jeans" label was launched in Sweden. The brand is Swedish but the black jeans are manufactured in North Korea, an experiment its creators described as a way to open doors to the reclusive communist country. The next day Stockholm’s PUB department store removed the new line of designer jeans from its shelves, saying it wants to avoid courting controversy through ties with the isolated communist nation. Noko Jeans founders said they will continue to sell the jeans on their Web site and that retailer Aplace will continue to sell them on their Web site.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 12/5/09)

2009        Dec 9, Australia’s government said 5 North Korean artists have been banned from entering Australia for an exhibition of their work, drawing accusations of censorship from the arts community. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said the artists and a translator have been refused visas because it is contrary to foreign policy interests and because they are from a studio linked to North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il.
    (AFP, 12/9/09)

2009        Dec 10, North Korea agreed to accept medicine from South Korea to fight an outbreak of swine flu, in a development that could improve relations between the nations after a deadly maritime clash.
    (AP, 12/10/09)

2009        Dec 12, In Thailand 4 Kazakhs and a Belarusian were detained and their New Zealand registered aircraft impounded after it landed in the Thai capital with tons of war weaponry on board that originated in North Korea. The Ilyushin 76 transport from Kazakhstan was allegedly traveling from North Korea to Sri Lanka when it asked to land in Bangkok to refuel. According to a flight plan seen by arms trafficking researchers, the aircraft was chartered by Hong Kong-based Union Top Management Ltd. to fly oil industry spare parts from Pyongyang to Tehran, Iran, with several other stops, including Bangkok, Colombo in Sri Lanka, Azerbaijan and Ukraine. A New Zealand shell company, SP Trading Ltd., had leased the airplane.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AP, 12/23/09)(AP, 1/22/10)

2009        Dec 18, South Korea's military said it was investigating a hacking attack that netted secret defense plans with the US and may have been carried out by North Korea.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, South Korean trucks crossed into North Korea delivering enough doses of antiviral drugs for 500,000 North Koreans. An estimated 50 people in North Korea have died of swine flu since November. Han Su Chol, a North Korean health minister, expressed thanks.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.A4)

2009        Dec 25, Robert Park, a 28-year-old Korean-American, crossed the frozen Tumen River into North Korea from China on Christmas Day to urge Kim Jong Il to release political prisoners and shut down the "concentration camps" where they are held.
    (AP, 12/26/09)

2010        Jan 1, North Korea called for an end of hostile relations with the United States in a New Year's message and said it was committed to making the Korean peninsula nuclear-free through negotiations.
    (AP, 1/1/10)

2010        Jan 2, Tens of thousands of North Koreans rallied in the capital to support the communist government's policies for the new year, including improved relations with the US and South Korea and a higher standard of living.
    (AP, 1/2/10)

2010        Jan 11, North Korea called for talks on a treaty to formally end the Korean War, saying it wants better ties with the United States and an end to sanctions before pushing ahead with nuclear disarmament.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)

2010        Jan 13, North Korea said it will begin to allow in more American tourists after years of heavy restrictions on visits to the isolate country. North Korea's military warned that it would retaliate against South Korea if Seoul doesn't stop activists from launching propaganda leaflets across their divided border.
    (AP, 1/13/10)

2010        Jan 15, A UN official said North Korea is meting out harsher punishment to citizens who try to flee the country, a sign that overall human rights conditions remain dire in the communist state.
    (AP, 1/15/10)

2010        Jan 19, North and South Korea discussed development of their joint industrial complex, despite Pyongyang's recent threats it might break off all dialogue with its neighbor and could even stage an attack.
    (AP, 1/19/10)

2010        Jan 24, North Korea threatened South Korea with war after Seoul warned it would launch a pre-emptive strike if the North was preparing a nuclear attack, the latest salvo in a battle of rhetoric despite signs of improved cooperation across the militarized frontier.
    (AP, 1/24/10)

2010        Jan 25, North Korea detained an American man for illegally entering the country from China, the 2nd arrest of a US citizen it has reported in the past few weeks. On Jan 30, a news report said the American man has sought asylum and wants to join the North Korean military. On April 7, 2010, state media said Aijalon Mahli Gomes (30) of Boston has been sentenced to eight years of hard labor and ordered to pay a $700,000 fine for crossing into the communist country illegally.
    (AP, 1/28/10)(AP, 1/30/10)

2010        Jan 27, North Korea fired more than 80 shells into the sea near its disputed maritime border with South Korea, sparking an artillery exchange which fuelled tensions on the peninsula.
    (AFP, 1/27/10)

2010        Jan, A North Korean firing squad publicly executed a factory worker for sneaking news out of the reclusive communist country via his illicit mobile phone.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Feb 1, Officials from the two Koreas met in North Korea to discuss their joint industrial complex just days after an exchange of gunfire at sea emphasized the constant security threat on the divided peninsula.
    (AP, 2/1/10)

2010        Feb 4, A South Korean news report said the director of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il's secret moneymaking "Room 39" bureau has been fired. Analysts said the move may be a way to get around international sanctions. Room 39 is described as the lynchpin of the North's so-called "court economy" centered on the dynastic Kim family. The department is believed to finance his family and top party officials with business ventures, some legitimate and some not, that include counterfeiting and drug-smuggling.
(AP, 2/4/10)

2010        Feb 6, North Korea released Robert Park (28), who had strode illegally into the country on Christmas Day, shouting "I brought God's love" and carrying a Bible.
    (AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 11, South Korea said the North Korean government has made a rare apology for a policy blunder and lifted a ban on using foreign currency.
    (SFC, 2/12/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 25, It was reported that deaths from starvation in North Korea’s South Pyongan province was in the thousands since January and that the bodies of malnourished elderly people were being found in the streets of Pyongyang.
    (SFC, 3/25/10, p.A4)

2010        Mar 26, A South Korean naval ship sank leaving 46 marines missing near Baengnyeong Island. An explosion at the rear of the Cheonan shut down its engine, wiped out power and caused the ship to sink a little over three hours later. 58 of the crew of 104 were rescued. A North Korean mine was later suspected as the cause of the explosion. South Korea's defense minister confirmed on May 10 that traces of an explosive chemical substance used to make torpedoes were found in the wreckage of the naval ship. It was later determined that a North Korean submarine sank the Cheonan. Of the 104 officers and enlisted men onboard the ship, forty-six were killed. North Korea denied responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 3/27/10)(AP, 3/29/10)(AP, 5/10/10)(AP, 12/24/19)

2010        Mar 30, Russia's Pres. Medvedev signed an order formally implementing UN Security Council-approved sanctions against North Korea. The sanctions were passed in June by the Security Council, which includes Russia.
    (AP, 3/30/10)

2010        Mar, In North Korea Pak Nam Gi, the ruling Workers' Party finance and planning department chief who spearheaded the November, 2009, currency reform, was executed by a firing squad in Pyongyang.
    (AP, 3/18/10)

2010        Apr 1, A North Korea a senior economist said private markets closed temporarily due to a delay in setting prices after a currency redenomination, but the economy has stabilized and markets reopened.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 8, North Korea said it had scrapped a tourism deal with South Korea and would "freeze" some assets owned by Seoul at a mountain resort in the communist state.
    (AFP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 11, North Korea informed South Korea that it will begin quitting a joint tourism project in the communist country this week, in another setback to relations between the countries.
    (AP, 4/11/10)

2010        Apr 19, The Chosun Sinbo, a pro-North Korean newspaper published in Tokyo, said mobile phone subscriptions are spreading fast in North Korea and could number 600,000 by the end of this year. In December 2008, North Korea introduced a 3G mobile phone network in a joint venture with Cairo-based Orascom Telecom.
    (AFP, 4/19/10)

2010        Apr 20, In South Korea two North Korean army majors were arrested on suspicion of plotting to kill Hwang Jang-yop (87), a high-profile defector. Jang-yop was one of North Korea's most powerful officials when he fled the impoverished nation 13 years ago in a defection that reportedly enraged Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 4/21/10)

2010        Apr 22, A South Korean news report said the South Korea's military believes a torpedo fired from a North Korean submarine sank its navy ship last month, based on intelligence gathered jointly with the United States.
    (Reuters, 4/22/10)

2010        Apr 23, North Korea said it will confiscate five South Korean-owned properties at a jointly operated mountain resort in the isolated communist country, a development likely to worsen already-soured relations.
    (AP, 4/23/10)

2010        May 3, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il arrived on a luxury 17-car train in China, in what would be his first journey abroad in years as his regime faces a worsening economy and speculation it may have torpedoed a South Korean warship.
    (AP, 5/3/10)

2010        May 6, A Chinese media report said North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il told President Hu Jintao during his secretive trip to Beijing that he is ready to return to stalled nuclear disarmament negotiations.
    (AFP, 5/6/10)

2010        May 11, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman accused nuclear power North Korea of supplying Syria with weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 5/11/10)

2010        May 20, A multinational team blamed North Korea for sinking the South Korean corvette with a torpedo in March, claiming 46 lives, prompting an angry denial from Pyongyang and a threat of war if it is punished.
    (AFP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 24, South Korea's Pres. Lee Myung-bak cut trade to North Korea vowing the country would "pay a price" for a torpedo attack that killed 46 sailors, and promised to haul its impoverished neighbor before the UN Security Council. Lee Myung-bak said that the country will take Pyongyang to the UN Security Council, suspend inter-Korean exchanges and ban North Korean ships from passing through its waters.
    (AP, 5/24/10)

2010        May 25, North Korea declared that it would sever all communication and relations with Seoul as punishment for blaming it for the sinking of a South Korean warship.
    (AP, 5/25/10)

2010        May 27, South Korean warships fired guns and dropped anti-submarine bombs in a large-scale military exercise, a week after Seoul accused North Korea of shooting a torpedo that sank a navy frigate in March. North Korean declared it would scrap an accord with the South designed to prevent armed clashes at their maritime border, and warned of "immediate physical strikes" if any South Korean ships enter its waters.
    (AP, 5/27/10)

2010        May 29, The premier of China, North Korea's main ally, offered condolences to South Korea for the sinking of a warship blamed on Pyongyang after promising that Beijing, under pressure to punish the North, would not defend any country guilty of the attack.
    (AP, 5/29/10)

2010        Jun 4, A North Korean border guard shot and killed three Chinese citizens and wounded a fourth on the countries' border, apparently on suspicion they were crossing the border for illegal trade. China son lodged a formal diplomatic protest.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 4, South Korea handed over a letter officially referring North Korea to the UN Security Council over the March 26 sinking of the Cheonan, which left 46 sailors killed.
    (AP, 6/4/10)

2010        Jun 7, In North Korea the brother-in-law of Kim Jong Il (68) was promoted to the No. 2 spot in the secretive nation's leadership, a position that could allow him to become the next ruler or a kingmaker who will decide which of Kim's sons succeeds his father. Jang Song Thaek already had immense power as the head of intelligence and the political overlord of the prosecutor's office, the police and the courts. Kim Yong-Il, who is unrelated to the leader, was replaced as premier by Choe Yong-Rim who headed the Pyongyang branch of the ruling communist party.
    (AP, 6/7/10)

2010        Jun 12, North Korea vowed to launch an all-out attack against South Korean loudspeakers and other propaganda facilities along their heavily fortified border, warning it could even turn Seoul into a "sea of flame."
    (AP, 6/12/10)

2010        Jun 14, In North Korea the relatives of former economic official Pak Nam Gi and other officials were collected and forcibly loaded into a wagon before being sent to the prison camp. The information was made public on July 6 by Seoul-based Good Friends on its website.
    (AP, 7/7/10)

2010        Jun 15, The White House said President Barack Obama has extended U.S. economic sanctions on North Korea for another year, citing the continuing threat posed by Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 6/16/10)

2010        Jun 18, North Korea cancelled a scheduled World Cup press conference, just hours after being confronted by rumors that four of their players had defected while in South Africa.
    (AFP, 6/19/10)

2010        Jun 21, South Korea said abnormally high radiation levels were detected near the border between the two Koreas on may 15, days after North Korea claimed to have mastered a complex technology key to manufacturing a hydrogen bomb.
    (AP, 6/21/10)

2010        Jun 23, South Korean and Japanese activists floated hundreds of thousands of leaflets by balloon toward the border with North Korea to condemn the country's government amid tensions over the sinking of a South Korean warship.
    (AP, 6/23/10)

2010        Jul 10, North Korea expressed willingness to return to international nuclear disarmament talks, a sign it is satisfied with the UN Security Council's decision to avoid directly blaming it for the sinking of a South Korean warship.
    (AP, 7/10/10)

2010        Jul 15, North Korea's military renewed its call for its own investigation into the March deadly sinking of a South Korean warship as it met with the US-led UN Command for the first time since the incident raised tensions on the Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 20, Seoul's mass-circulation Dong-a Ilbo newspaper said Kwon Ho Ung, North Korea's chief delegate from 2004 to 2007 for high-level talks with the South's then liberal government, has been executed by firing squad.
    (AP, 7/20/10)

2010        Jul 21, The United States announced new sanctions against North Korea, targeted against its leadership, and warned of serious consequences if it again attacked the South.
    (Reuters, 7/21/10)

2010        Jul 24, North Korea vowed to respond with "powerful nuclear deterrence" to joint US and South Korean military exercises poised to begin this weekend, saying the drills amount to a provocation that would prompt "retaliatory sacred war."
    (AP, 7/24/10)

2010        Jul 25, The US and South Korea launched a major naval exercise involving a nuclear-powered US aircraft carrier in the Sea of Japan despite North Korea's threats of nuclear retaliation.
    (AFP, 7/25/10)

2010        Jul 30, In Myanmar official talks between North Korea and Myanmar entered a second day. The US said it is carefully watching the budding secretive relationship between the 2 countries for signs of nuclear cooperation.
    (AP, 7/30/10)

2010        Aug 2, North Korea opened this year's massive dance and gymnastics performance known as the Arirang Festival, turning to propaganda to unite its people amid new US sanctions on the isolated country to squeeze its nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Robert Einhorn, the State Department's special adviser for nonproliferation and arms control, said new US sanctions against North Korea will seek to strangle the narcotics trafficking, counterfeiting of U.S. dollars and other "illicit and deceptive" activities that provide the regime with the hard currency used for its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 8, North Korean authorities seized a South Korean fishing boat and its 7-man crew. North Korea freed the crew on Sep 7.
    (SFC, 8/9/10, p.A2)(AP, 9/7/10)

2010        Aug 15, South Korea’s Pres. Lee Myung-bak proposed a 3-step plan to unify the Korean peninsula and a new tax to help his country absorb the enormous cost of integration.
    (SFC, 8/16/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 17, North Korea rejected a new unification proposal from South Korea, calling it a "ridiculous" plan aimed at weakening the North in preparation for a US-assisted invasion.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, A North Korean military plane, what appeared to be a MiG-21 fighter jet, crashed in northeastern in Liaoning province. China’s official Xinhua News Agency later said it went down because of mechanical failure. The pilot reportedly died on the spot.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 19, Jonathan Lee of Ridgeland, Mississippi, returned from an 8-day visit to North Korea during which he was taken on a tour of the DMZ. He said officials there welcomed his idea for a "children's peace forest" in the demilitarized zone dividing North and South Korea, although they said it would only happen if the countries signed a peace treaty first.
    (AP, 8/19/10)
2010        Aug 19, South Korea said it has blocked North Korea's new Twitter account from being accessed in the South, saying the tweets contain "illegal information" under the country's security laws.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 20, South Korean authorities arrested Rev. Han Sang-ryol, a religious activist, as he returned home across the heavily fortified border after an illegal trip to North Korea. South Korea’s government prohibits its citizens from joining pro-North Korean organizations or having unauthorized contact with the communist country. They also ban citizens from supporting or praising the North.
    (AP, 8/20/10)

2010        Aug 21, In China the Yalu river, which marks the Chinese-North Korean border, breached its banks on both sides following torrential rains. Four people died and more than 94,000 were evacuated. In North Korea at least 5,150 people were evacuated as residents clambered on rooftops or took shelter on hilltops.
    (AFP, 8/21/10)(AP, 8/22/10)

2010        Aug 25, Former President Jimmy Carter arrived in the capital of communist North Korea on a private, humanitarian mission to win the release of Aijalon Gomes (31) of Boston, an American sentenced to eight years' hard labor for trespassing.
    (AP, 8/25/10)

2010        Aug 26, North Korea's reclusive leader Kim Jong Il was in China on his second visit this year to his country's biggest source of diplomatic and financial support.
    (AP, 8/26/10)

2010        Aug 27, Aijalon Gomes (31) hugged former US President Jimmy Carter and boarded a plane for Boston, seven months after his arrest in North Korea. The North's state news agency said Kim Yong Nam, the number two leader, has told former Carter that the reclusive state is committed to denuclearizing the peninsula and resuming six-way talks.
    (AP, 8/27/10)(Reuters, 8/27/10)

2010        Aug 28, North Korean dictator Kim Jong Il apparently headed home after a secretive and surprise trip that reportedly included a meeting with China's top leader to appeal for diplomatic and financial support for a succession plan involving his youngest son.
    (AP, 8/28/10)

2010        Aug 30, Chinese state media said North Korea's leader Kim Jong-il wants an early restart to stalled nuclear disarmament talks, ending official silence about Kim's secretive five-day trip ahead of a key congress.
    (Reuters, 8/30/10)

2010        Sep 1, A South Korean news report and an intelligence official said North Korea has changed the names of its trading companies and falsified trade documents to avoid international sanctions and continue exporting weapons.
    (AP, 9/1/10)

2010        Sep 2, Typhoon Kompasu struck South Korea, killing 5 people and toppling trees, streetlights and scaffolding in what was called the strongest storm to hit the Seoul area in 15 years. In North Korea the typhoon killed dozens of people and destroyed roads, railways and thousands of homes.
    (AP, 9/2/10)(AP, 9/15/10) 

2010        Sep 13, South Korea announced plans to send 5,000 tons of rice and other aid to flood-stricken North Korea in a sign of easing tension between the divided countries.
    (AP, 9/13/10)

2010        Sep 16, North Korea said it proposed a joint probe with the US of the deadly March 26 sinking of a South Korean warship. An earlier international investigation blamed Pyongyang.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 28, North Korea’s Kim Jong Il made his mysterious youngest son, Kim Jong Un, a four-star general in a promotion seen as the first step toward his ascent as the country’s next leader, extending the family dynasty in the reclusive totalitarian country to a third generation.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.47)

2010        Oct 1, Red Cross officials from the two Koreas agreed to hold reunions for families separated by the Korean War amid mixed signals from North Korea on easing tensions over the sinking of a South Korean warship.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 8, A top North Korean official confirmed to broadcaster APTN that Kim Jong Il's youngest son will succeed him as the next leader of the reclusive communist nation.
    (AP, 10/8/10)

2010        Oct 10, Kim Jong Un (26), the youngest son of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il (68), joined his father at a massive military parade in his most public appearance since being unveiled as the nation's next leader. South Korean activists also sent some 20,000 leaflets packed with $1 bills and CDs carrying anti-Kim Jong Un rap songs floating across the border in hopes of reaching ordinary North Koreans.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, In South Korea Hwang Jang-yop (87), the key architect of North Korea's isolationist state policy, was found dead at his Seoul residence. He once mentored authoritarian leader Kim Jong Il before defecting to South Korea in 1997.
    (AP, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 11, North Korea’s Kim Jong Nam, the casino-loving eldest son of Kim Jong Il, said he opposes a hereditary transfer of power to his youngest half-brother. Analysts say Kim Jong Nam spends so much time outside his native land that his opinion carries little weight. He spoke to Japan's TV Asahi in an interview from Beijing.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

2010        Oct 16, North Korea said it is willing to resume six-nation nuclear disarmament talks but would not be "hasty" because the US and some other parties were not ready. North Korean media threatened a "1,000-fold" military buildup as the US ruled out lifting sanctions to try to coax the North into resuming talks aimed at its nuclear weapons programs.
    (AP, 10/16/10)(AFP, 10/16/10)

2010        Oct 25, South Korea prepared to send 5,000 tons of rice to flood victims in North Korea in its first humanitarian rice shipment to its communist neighbor since a conservative, pro-US government took office in 2008.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Oct 27, South Korea's Red Cross said North Korea is demanding that South Korea resume large-scale food aid and joint economic projects in return for regular reunions of family members separated by the Korean War more than a half century ago.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 29, North and South Korea exchanged gunfire across their heavily armed land border, despite an apparent thaw in tensions on the divided peninsula in the past few months.
    (AP, 10/29/10)

2010        Oct 30, Hundreds of North and South Korean family members separated for more than half a century by the Korean War embraced each other in tearful reunions.
    (AP, 10/30/10)

2010        Oct, In North Korean Choi Jin-I in co-operation with Asia Press (Tokyo) began publishing the Rimjingang magazine. Rimjin-gang aimed to bring objective news to the people of North Korea. The reporters were trained in undercover recording techniques in China.
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.51)(www.asiapress.org/rimjingang/english/)

2010        Nov 9, A UN report suggesting North Korea may have supplied Syria, Iran and Myanmar with banned nuclear technology headed to the Security Council. The latest report by the so-called Panel of Experts on Pyongyang's compliance with UN sanctions was delivered to the Security Council's North Korea sanctions committee in May, but did not move for nearly six months due to Chinese objections.
    (Reuters, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 11, A woman (41) made her way to South Korea from North Korea becoming the 20,000th defector to do so. The last 10,000 came over the last 3 years.
    (Econ, 11/20/10, p.50)

2010        Nov 15, South Korea's government the number of North Koreans defecting to South Korea has surged in recent years because of economic suffering in the North, with more than 10,000 defections over the past three years.
    (AP, 11/15/10)

2010        Nov 19, A UN General Assembly committee passed resolutions condemning human rights violations in Iran, North Korea and Myanmar, provoking a furious reaction from their delegations. The committee passed the resolution by 80 votes to 44, with 57 abstentions.
    (AFP, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 20, American scientist Siegfried Hecker, a former director of the US Los Alamos Nuclear Laboratory, said in a report that he was taken during a recent trip to the North's main Yongbyon atomic complex to a small industrial-scale uranium enrichment facility. It had 2,000 recently completed centrifuges. The North told him it was producing low-enriched uranium meant for a new reactor. North Korea told Hecker it began construction on the centrifuges in April 2009 and finished only a few days before the scientist's Nov. 12 visit.
    (AP, 11/21/10)

2010        Nov 22, The US and its allies accused North Korea of being a danger to the region after it showed off its latest advances in uranium enrichment, but Washington said it was still open to talks.
    (Reuters, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 23, North and South Korea exchanged artillery fire after the North shelled Yeonpyeong island near their disputed sea border, killing at least 2 South Korean marines and 2 civilians, setting dozens of buildings ablaze and sending civilians fleeing for shelter.
    (AP, 11/23/10)(AFP, 11/24/10)(Econ, 10/26/13, SR p.5)

2010        Nov 28, China called for emergency talks on resolving a crisis on the Korean peninsula, and Seoul and Tokyo said they would study the proposal, as the US and South Korean militaries started a massive drill.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov, Jun Young-su, a Korean-American businessman from Orange County, Ca., was arrested in North Korea in connection with illegal religious activities.
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.A2)

2010        Dec 3, South Korea threatened to bomb North Korea if it tries a repeat of last week's attack, raising its rhetoric after the US warned of an "immediate threat" from Pyongyang. A sniper shot and killed a policeman manning a checkpoint in Baghdad. Gunmen with silencers opened fire from a speeding car on a police colonel and wounded him.
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 6, The US, South Korea and Japan all urged China to help rein in its ally North Korea and vowed solidarity in defending Seoul from any further attacks from the North.
    (AFP, 12/7/10)

2010        Dec 7, South Korea's Pres. Lee Myung-bak promised to transform five islands that lie along the tense maritime border with North Korea into "military fortresses" impervious to the kind of deadly attack the rival neighbor launched last month.
    (AP, 12/7/10)

2010        Dec 9, Communist allies North Korea and China proclaimed their unity as the North's leader Kim Jong-Il held his first meeting with a senior Chinese envoy since the region's worst crisis in years erupted.
    (AFP, 12/9/10)

2010        Dec 17, North Korea said it would strike again at the South if a live-firing drill by Seoul on a disputed island went ahead, with an even stronger response than last month's shelling that killed four people. Russia urged South Korea to halt plans for the artillery drill.
    (AP, 12/17/10)(Reuters, 12/17/10)

2010        Dec 19, The UN Security Council held an emergency meeting on rising tensions on the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 12/19/10)

2010        Dec 20, North Korea said it would not react to "reckless" military drills by the South, despite an earlier threat to retaliate, and CNN reported that Pyongyang had agreed to the return of nuclear inspectors.
    (AP, 12/20/10)

2010        Dec 21, China urged North Korea to follow through on its offer to allow UN nuclear monitors into the country as a way to alleviate international tensions during a standoff with the South.
    (AP, 12/21/10)

2010        B.R. Myers authored “The Cleanest Race: How North Koreans See Themselves And Why It Matters."
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.52)
2010        The Israeli-based Shurat HaDin law center won $378 million in a US court against North Korea over the killing of Americans at an Israeli airport in 1972, but it was unable to collect.
    (AP, 8/4/15)

2011        Jan 5, North Korea proposed "unconditional" talks with Seoul to mend battered cross-border ties, in its most conciliatory remarks since cranking up tensions by shelling a South Korean island. South Korea dismissed the North Korean offer.
    (AFP, 1/5/11)(Reuters, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 8, North Korea reiterated a proposal for unconditional talks with South Korea to ease tensions on the divided peninsula.
    (AP, 1/8/11)

2011        Jan 10, South Korea rebuffed a North proposal for talks to ease tensions but extended its own offer to discuss last year's two military attacks blamed on Pyongyang and North Korea's nuclear program.
    (AP, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 12, North and South Korea restored an important cross-border communication channel, though South Korea still rejected North Korea's calls for talks to defuse high tensions.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 20, South Korea agreed to a North Korean offer of high-level military talks, a major breakthrough in the crisis on the peninsula which improves the prospect of renewed aid-for-disarmament negotiations.
    (Reuters, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 23, North Korea's leader Kim Jong Il held talks with an Orascom Telecom Executive Naguib Sawiris, an Egyptian telecoms magnate. In 2008 Orascom set up and began operating an advanced mobile phone network in North Korea.
    (AP, 1/24/11)

2011        Jan 26, In South Korea an art exhibition by North Korean defector Song Byeok opened in Seoul. One work featured the head of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, smiling beneath his trademark sunglasses and wall of black hair, atop the body of Marilyn Monroe, pushing down her white dress in an updraft.
    (AP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 28, North Korea’s Kim Jong Nam said his father opposed continuing the family dynasty into a third generation but named his youngest son as heir to keep the country stable, according to TV Asahi.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

2011        Feb 8, Military officers from North and South Korea held talks inside the heavily guarded Demilitarized Zone in the rivals' first official dialogue since the North's deadly artillery barrage of a South Korean island in November.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, North Korean military officers stalked out of the first official talks with rival South Korea in months, dashing hopes for eased tensions after a deadly artillery attack in November increased fears of war on the peninsula. The meeting was sunk because the two sides disagreed about what should be on the agenda of their next talks.
    (AP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 28, US and South Korean troops launched major annual land, sea and air exercises, amid North Korean threats to turn Seoul into a "sea of flames" in the event of any provocation.
    (AFP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 4, North Korea blocked the repatriation of 27 citizens whose boat drifted into South Korean waters, insisting that Seoul also hand over four others who want to stay in the South. The 31 North Koreans were travelling on a fishing boat which drifted across the Yellow Sea border in thick fog on February 5.
    (AFP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 4, The UN said its Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)  has sent a team of animal health experts to North Korea to help manage an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease that could worsen a food crisis.
    (AFP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 27, The Red Cross said South Korea has repatriated 27 of 31 North Koreans whose status was uncertain for more than a month because 4 others on their drifting fishing boat defected.
    (AP, 3/27/11)

2011        Apr 26, Former US President Jimmy Carter and three other former heads of state embarked on a three-day mission to North Korea, where they plan to discuss dangerous food shortages and stalled nuclear disarmament talks.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 27, In North Korea former US president Jimmy Carter met with Kim Yong-Nam, North Korea's de facto head of state, during a peace mission to Pyongyang and said in a blog posting that the North seeks better ties with Washington. Travelling with Carter on this trip were former Finnish president Martti Ahtisaari, ex-Norwegian prime minister Gro Harlem Brundtland and former Irish president Mary Robinson.
    (AFP, 4/27/11)

2011        Apr 28, In South Korea former US President Jimmy Carter said that North Korean leader Kim Jong Il wants direct talks with South Korea's leader, an offer unlikely to be accepted until Pyongyang takes responsibility for violence that killed 50 South Koreans last year.
    (AP, 4/28/11)

2011        May 13, A report was submitted to the Security Council by a UN Panel of Experts, a group that monitors compliance with UN sanctions imposed on Pyongyang after it conducted two nuclear tests in 2006 and 2009. It said North Korea and Iran appear to have been regularly exchanging ballistic missile technology in violation of UN sanctions. The report said the illicit technology transfers had "trans-shipment through a neighboring 3rd country," said to be China.
    (Reuters, 5/14/11)

2011        May 17, China downplayed a UN report saying North Korea remains "actively engaged" in exporting ballistic missiles, components and technology to numerous customers in the Middle East, saying it was not an official Security Council report.
    (AP, 5/17/11)

2011        May 19, A South Korean court boosted the amount the government must pay a group of North Korean defectors who say a leak of their identities led to retaliation against their families in the North.
    (AP, 5/19/11)

2011        May 21, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il was said to have visited an industrial city in northeastern China and appeared headed to Beijing by train on the second day of a mysterious trip to his country's most important ally.
    (AP, 5/21/11)

2011        May 23, North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il visited a development zone in eastern China, as he pursued a secretive trip aimed at seeking answers for his nation's crippled economy.
    (AFP, 5/23/11)

2011        May 24, North Korea’s reclusive leader Kim Jong Il reportedly traveled to an eastern Chinese city to study Beijing's economic reforms, while a US government team was in North Korea on a rare trip to assess food shortages.
    (AP, 5/24/11)

2011        May 25, North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il arrived in Beijing and was seen en route to what was believed to be a summit with Chinese President Hu Jintao.
    (AFP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 26, China Central Television said North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il said he would adhere to the goal of a nuclear-free Korean peninsula during talks with Chinese President Hu Jintao.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)

2011        May 28, North Korea freed American Eddie Jun, who was held for a half year for reportedly proselytizing, handing him to a US envoy who said Washington had not promised to provide aid in exchange for the man's release.
    (AP, 5/28/11)

2011        Jun 3, North Korea vowed to launch "retaliatory military actions" against South Korea, a threat that came days after Seoul said its military had used photos of Pyongyang's ruling family for target practice.
    (AP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 16, North Korea demanded the immediate return of nine citizens who defected by sea and warned Seoul ties between the nations could worsen otherwise.
    (AP, 6/16/11)

2011        Jul 1, North Korea assumed the rotating presidency of the 65-nation Conference on Disarmament, the world's top disarmament body, for four weeks.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 4, North Koreans gathered at a massive rally in Pyongyang to denounce the conservative government of South Korean President Lee Myung-bak as a "group of unparalleled traitors."
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, The European Union said it will restart food aid to North Korea after the country's repressive communist regime agreed to an unprecedented monitoring system as it suffers through its worst food crisis in years. The WFP will check delivery at every stage and pay more than 400 visits a month to distribution sites, hospitals, child-care facilities and households.
    (AP, 7/4/11)

2011        Jul 11, Canada said it will boycott the UN Conference on Disarmament for the several weeks that North Korea is chairing it.
    (Reuters, 7/11/11)

2011        Jul 28, In NYC the United States opened discussions with North Korea, in a move testing Pyongyang's willingness to negotiate giving up its nuclear arsenal.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)

2011        Jul 29, Parts of North Korean land mines washed down a swollen river into South Korea, and troops searched for other mines that may have been dislodged by deadly landslides and flooding that has stricken the peninsula. A 2-day downpour left at least 40 people dead.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 7/29/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 1, North Korea launched a massive synchronized dance and gymnastics show meant to glorify its leaders and unify its people ahead of a crucial anniversary next year.
    (AP, 8/2/11)

2011        Aug 9, South Korean officials said its ministry which handles relations with North Korea has been targeted by hackers in the latest of a series of online attacks on government and corporate websites.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In North Korea Tropical Storm Muifa caused over 10 deaths and injuries.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 19, Russia and North Korea both announced that Moscow will provide food assistance, including some 50,000 tons of wheat, to Pyongyang. North Korea might face another food crisis this year due to heavy rains.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 20, Reclusive North Korea's autocratic leader Kim Jong Il crossed into Russia on his armored train to discuss with President Dmitry Medvedev the possible renewal of nuclear disarmament talks and the construction of a pipeline that will stream Russian natural gas to both Koreas.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 22, North Korea vowed to scrap all South Korean property at a joint mountain resort could end what was once a rare haven for curious southern tourists within North Korea. The South immediately expressed regret about the North's comments on Diamond Mountain and planned to seek international mediation.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Russian military officers flew to North Korea for talks about renewing military ties as North Korean leader Kim Jong Il's armored train rolled through the resource-rich far east of Russia on his secretive journey to a summit with President Dmitry Medvedev.
    (AP, 8/22/11)

2011        Aug 24, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il met with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev near Lake Baikal. A spokesman for Medvedev said North Korea is ready to impose a moratorium on nuclear missile tests if international talks on its nuclear program resume.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 25, South Korea prosecutors said 5 South Koreans, including a former parliamentary aide, have been indicted for allegedly spying for North Korea.
    (AP, 8/25/11)

2011        Aug 26, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il renewed a push to restart talks on swapping aid for his country's nuclear disarmament during a stop in northeastern China on his return journey from Russia.
    (AP, 8/26/11)

2011        Sep 13, Nine North Koreans who spent five days at sea in a small wooden boat were towed to a Japanese port after they were spotted off the coast of central Japan.
    (AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 27, It was reported that 3 activists opposing the North Korean government have been subjects in assassination attempts over the last 3 weeks by agents wielding poisoned needles. Two of the attacks took place in China, near the North Korean border, and the 3rd in Seoul, South Korea.
    (SFC, 9/27/11, p.A3)

2011        Oct 20, A United Nations envoy said North Korea is estimated to hold up to 200,000 people in political prisons, a sharp increase from a decade ago. South Korea estimates that North Korea holds 154,000 political prisoners in six large camps across the country.
    (AP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 25, In Geneva US and North Korean officials concluded their two-day talks about Pyongyang's nuclear program. Top US envoy Stephen Bosworth expressed confidence about the prospects of restarting long-stalled nuclear negotiations after two days of "very positive" talks with North Korea.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)

2011        Nov 5, A South Korean official said 21 North Koreans were found in a boat drifting in South Korean waters this week, the largest such arrival in nine months.
    (AP, 11/5/11)

2011        Dec 17, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il (b.1941) died of a heart attack. His third son, Kim Jong Un, was expected to succeed his father.
    (AP, 12/19/11)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.74)
2011        Dec 17, It was reported that North Korea has agreed to suspend its enriched-uranium nuclear weapons program, a key United States demand for the resumption of disarmament talks, as Washington agreed to provide the North with up to 240,000 tons of food aid.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)

2012        Jan 18, A book titled "My Father, Kim Jong Il and Me," by Tokyo-based journalist Yoji Gomi, went on sale. The author said it is based primarily on email exchanges he had with Kim Jong Nam over many years.
    (AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 28, South Korean activists floated giant balloons carrying boxes of socks into North Korea hoping that North Koreans could wear the socks or trade them for food during the harsh winter.
    (AP, 1/28/12)

2012        Feb 2, North Korea's top ruling body again rebuffed South Korea's call for talks, saying Seoul's conservative leaders should first "repent of their crimes" and honor past summit agreements.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 10, Eight South Korean lawmakers made a high-profile visit to a modern factory park that sits just across the world's most heavily armed border and represents the last major cooperative initiative between the two rival Koreas.
    (AP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 14, In South Korea over one hundred people rallied near the Chinese Embassy to protest China’s state security police for arresting dozens of North Korean defectors who face torture, imprisonment and even death if returned to their homeland.
    (SFC, 2/15/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 23, In China the United States and North Korea resumed talks delayed by the death of North Korea's longtime leader Kim Jong Il two months ago, with the US envoy saying he and his counterpart covered US food aid and other topics.
    (AP, 2/23/12)

2012        Feb 27, South Korean legislator Park Sun-Young (55), who has staged a week-long hunger strike outside China's embassy, vowed to fast until death unless Beijing ends its policy of repatriating North Korean refugees.
    (AFP, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb 29, North Korea's new leadership said it would suspend nuclear and missile tests and its uranium enrichment program as part of a deal that includes US food aid for the impoverished nation.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 4, Thousands of North Korean troops and citizens rallied to slam the South Korean leader as Pyongyang again ramped up its hostile rhetoric against Seoul despite a surprise nuclear deal with the US.
    (AFP, 3/4/12)

2012        Mar 16, North Korea announced plans to blast a satellite into space on the back of a long-range rocket, a provocative move that could jeopardize a weeks-old agreement with the US exchanging food aid for nuclear concessions. North Korea also invited the International Atomic Energy Agency to return, three years after expelling its nuclear monitors
    (AP, 3/16/12)(AP, 3/20/12)

2012        Mar 26, In South Korea leaders or top officials from 53 nations gathered in Seoul for a summit on nuclear security. President Obama said the United States would further cut its own nuclear stockpiles, as he warned North Korea and Iran to back down over their atomic plans.
    (AFP, 3/26/12)

2012        Mar 27, In South Korea world leaders including US President Barack Obama called for strong steps to combat nuclear terrorism, wrapping up a 53-nation summit overshadowed by North Korea's planned rocket launch.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)

2012        Apr 13, North Korea’s satellite launch, hailed as a moment of national pride, ended in failure when the rocket disintegrated over the Yellow Sea, earning Pyongyang embarrassment as well as condemnation from a host of nations that deemed it a covert test of missile technology.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 14, The United States called off plans to send food aid to North Korea after the impoverished state's defiant rocket launch, as an aid group feared more than two million children would go hungry.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)

2012        Apr 15, North Korea's new leader, Kim Jong Un, addressed his nation and the world for the first time, vowing to place top priority on his impoverished nation's military, which promptly unveiled a new long-range missile.
    (AP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 16, The UN Security Council tightened sanctions against North Korea over its failed rocket launch and warned of new "action" if the isolated state stages a new nuclear test.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)

2012        Apr 20, In North Korea tens of thousands rallied, screaming hatred for South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak and calling for his death over alleged insults during the North's anniversary celebrations.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)

2012        Apr 28, North Korea began sending electronic GPS jamming signals affecting civilian flights in South Korea amid simmering cross-border tensions.
    (AFP, 5/3/12)

2012        Apr, North Korea held an estimated 150,000 to 200,000 political prisoners in labor camps along its northern reaches.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.20)

2012        May 2, The UN Security Council put three top North Korean state firms on a sanctions black list over the country's failed rocket launch.
    (AFP, 5/3/12)

2012        May 8, A North Korean boat hijacked three boats with 29 Chinese fishermen on board and demanded 1.2 million yuan ($190,000) for their release. The fisherman were freed May 20 after being held for 13 days.
    (AP, 5/17/12)(AFP, 5/21/12)

2012        May 13, North Korea stopped transmitting signals which jammed the GPS systems of hundreds of civilian aircraft and ships in South Korea for two weeks. The signals originated from the North's border city of Kaesong and began on April 28.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)

2012        May 21, North Korea’s official Central News Agency expressed concern about drought in western areas, which it said had received little rainfall in the past few weeks. A Seoul-based online newspaper said some residents even in the southwestern rice belt have starved to death.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)

2012        May 25, North Korea state media said the country is suffering a prolonged and widespread drought, raising fears it will worsen already dire food shortages.
    (AFP, 5/26/12)

2012        May, A South Korean government funded human rights group published a 381-page report containing some 200 face-to-face interviews with defectors who survived political prison camps in North Korea.
    (SFC, 5/10/12, p.A5)

2012        Jun 26, Meteorological officials in Pyongyang and Seoul said parts of North Korea are experiencing the most severe drought since record keeping began nearly 105 years ago. South Korean officials also reported the worst drought in more than a century in some areas after nearly two months without significant rainfall.
    (AP, 6/26/12)

2012        Jun 28, The North Korean government launched a new program: “On the Establishing of a New Economic Management System in Our Own Style." It reportedly allowed farmers to sell nearly one third of their harvests at market prices.
    (SFC, 9/13/12, p.A5)

2012        Jul 5, South Korean activist No Su-hui (68) was arrested as soon as he set foot on home soil, resisting police in a stunt of defiance after an unapproved, 3-month stay in the North.
    (AP, 7/5/12)

2012        Jul 10, South Korean police said they were investigating 27 North Korean refugees for swindling private insurance firms out of hundreds of thousands of dollars in bogus medical claims. More than 23,500 North Koreans have settled in the South since the 1950-53 war.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jul 28, North Korea’s state media said flooding across the country this month has killed 88 people, left tens of thousands homeless and devastated swathes of farmland.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)

2012        Jul 30, Heavy rain pounded North Korea for a 2nd day, submerging buildings, cutting off power, flooding rice paddies and forcing people and their livestock to reach safety on rooftops.
    (AP, 7/30/12)

2012        Aug 4, North Korean state news said floods which hit parts of North Korea in recent weeks killed 169 people and left 400 missing, sharply updating earlier casualty figures. Over 200,000 people reportedly lost their homes.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)(Econ, 8/11/12, p.33)

2012        Aug 29, Japan and North Korea held their first face-to-face talks in four years, in an attempt to lay the groundwork to overcome decades of mutual distrust.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 1, Iran and North Korea signed a scientific and technological cooperation agreement, bringing the two nations deeply at odds with the US closer together.
    (AP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 17, Typhoon Sanba lashed North and South Korea killing at least 2 people.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 6, A North Korean soldier killed two of his superiors and defected to South Korea across the countries' heavily armed border in a rare crossing that prompted South Korean troops to immediately beef up their border patrol.
    (AP, 10/6/12)

2012        Oct 7, South Korea announced that a US accord has been altered to allow the South to have ballistic missiles with a range of up to 800 km (500 miles) to better cope with North Korea's nuclear and missile threats.
    (AP, 10/7/12)

2012        Oct 22, South Korean activists floated balloons carrying tens of thousands of anti-Pyongyang leaflets into North Korea, eluding police who had disrupted an earlier launch attempt due to threats from North Korea.
    (AP, 10/22/12)

2012        Nov, In North Korea Kenneth Bae, a devout Christian from Washington state, was arrested in Rason, a special economic zone in North Korea's far northeastern region bordering China and Russia. On April 27, 2013, North Korea announced that Bae is being tried in the Supreme Court on charges of plotting to overthrow the government.
    (AP, 4/27/13)

2012        Dec 12, North Korea launched its Unha rocket, named after the Korean word for "galaxy." The 3-stage rocket blasted off from the Sohae launch pad in Tongchang-ri, northwest of Pyongyang, and put a satellite into orbit.
    (AP, 12/12/12)

2012        Dec 13, South Korean media reported that Kenneth Bae (44), a US citizen has been held in North Korea for a month. Security officials there had found a hard disk found in his possession they they believed contained sensitive information.
    (SFC, 12/14/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 18, Astronomers reported that North Korea’s new satellite, launched on Dec 12, is most likely dead.
    (SFC, 12/18/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 21, North Korea said that an American citizen, identified as Pae Jun Ho, has been detained after confessing to unspecified crimes, confirming news reports about his arrest. State media said Pae arrived in the far northeastern city of Rajin on Nov. 3 as part of a tour.
    (AP, 12/21/12)

2012        Victor Cha authored “The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future."
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.75)
2012        Blaine Harden authored “Escape from Camp 14." It told the story of Shin Dong-hyuk, who escaped from a North Korean labor camp in 2005 at age 22.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.55)

2013        Jan 1, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un called for an end to confrontation between the two Koreas, technically still at war in the absence of a peace treaty to end their 1950-53 conflict, in a surprise New Year speech broadcast on state media.
    (AP, 1/1/13)

2013        Jan 8, Students at North Korea's premier university showed Google's executive chairman Eric Schmidt how they look for information online: they Google it. Kim Su Hyang, a librarian, said students at Kim Il Sung University have had Internet access since the laboratory opened in April 2010.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 22, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to adopt Resolution 2087, the third of its kind since 2006, condemning a North Korean rocket launch as violating a ban on missile activity.
    (AP, 1/23/13)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.34)

2013        Jan 24, North Korea's top governing body warned that the regime will conduct its third nuclear test in defiance of UN punishment, and made clear that its long-range rockets are designed to carry not only satellites but also warheads aimed at striking the United States.
    (AP, 1/24/13)

2013        Jan 25, North Korea threatened to attack rival South Korea if Seoul joined a new round of tightened UN sanctions, as Washington unveiled more of its own economic restrictions following Pyongyang's rocket launch last month.
    (AP, 1/25/13)
2013        Jan 25, Washington and Beijing agreed that any North Korean nuclear test will lead to North Korea's further isolation and set back efforts to restart regional talks.
    (AP, 1/25/13)

2013        Feb 9, Assailants in northeastern Nigeria killed 3 North Korean doctors, beheading one of the physicians in Potiskum. They had lived in the state since 2005 as part of a medical program between Nigeria and the North Korean government.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Feb 12, North Korea said it tested a “miniaturized" nuclear device in the remote, snowy northeast. China summoned the North's ambassador for a dressing-down. Experts assumed it was nuclear partly from the shape of its seismic signal.
    (AP, 2/12/13)(SFC, 2/12/13, p.A2)

2013        Feb 18, EU finance ministers, condemning the Feb. 12 nuclear test by North Korea, imposed more trade and economic sanctions on the Asian nation.
    (AP, 2/18/13)

2013        Feb 26, Former NBA star Dennis Rodman brought his basketball skills and flamboyant style to the isolated Communist country with possibly the world's drabbest dress code: North Korea. Rodman was joining three members of the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team for a Vice Media production to air on HBO in early April.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

2013        Mar 5, The United States and China reached a deal that "significantly expands" UN sanctions on North Korea for its third nuclear test, eliciting a renewed threat by Pyongyang to scrap an armistice that ended the 1950-53 Korean War.
    (Reuters, 3/5/13)

2013        Mar 7, The UN Security Council voted unanimously for tough new sanctions to punish North Korea for its latest nuclear test. North Korea’s Army Gen. Kang Pyo Yong told a crowd of tens of thousands that North Korea is ready to fire long-range nuclear-armed missiles at Washington.
    (AP, 3/7/13)

2013        Mar 9, North Korea formally rejected a UN Security Council resolution that demands an end to its nuclear arms program, as China called for calm, saying sanctions were not the "fundamental" way to resolve tensions on the Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 11, North Korea’s main newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, reported that the 60-year-old armistice that ended the Korean War was nullified today as Pyongyang had earlier announced it would.
    (AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 15, North Korea blamed South Korea and the United States for cyber-attacks that temporarily shut down websites this week at a time of elevated tensions over the North's nuclear ambitions.
    (AP, 3/15/13)

2013        Mar 20, In South Korea a cyberattack caused computer networks at major banks and top TV broadcasters to crash simultaneously. North Korea was suspected. Initial findings said a Chinese Internet address was the source of the attacks.
    (SFC, 3/21/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 21, The UN’s top human rights body unanimously approved a formal probe into North Korea for possible crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 22, US officials in Beijing for two days of talks to lobby China on enforcement of new UN sanctions against North Korea said that they were heartened by Chinese expressions of resolve. Spurring Beijing to cooperate, the US officials said, is a concern that North Korean behavior had begun threatening China's interests in a region vital to its economic and security.
    (AP, 3/23/13)

2013        Mar 27, North Korea cut its last military hotline with Seoul, a link that has been essential in operating the last major symbol of inter-Korean cooperation: an industrial complex in the North that employs hundreds of workers from the South.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 29, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un warned that his rocket forces were ready "to settle accounts with the US," unleashing a new round of bellicose rhetoric after US nuclear-capable B-2 bombers dropped dummy munitions in joint military drills with South Korea.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Mar 30, North Korea warned Seoul that the Korean Peninsula had entered "a state of war" and threatened to shut down a border factory complex that's the last major symbol of inter-Korean cooperation.
    (AP, 3/30/13)

2013        Apr 1, North Korea's parliament approved the appointment of Pak Pong Ju as the new premier. A day earlier the economic technocrat was made a full member of the Politburo. He was the North's premier in 2003-2007, and was seen by outside experts as an economic reformer.
    (AP, 4/1/13)(SFC, 4/2/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 1, South Korea said it will strike back quickly if the North stages any attack.
    (AP, 4/1/13)

2013        Apr 2, North Korea said it will restart its long-shuttered plutonium reactor and increase production of nuclear weapons material. Outsiders saw this as its latest attempt to extract US concessions.
    (AP, 4/2/13)

2013        Apr 3, North Korea barred South Korean workers from entering a jointly run factory park just over the heavily armed border in the North.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 4, North Korea warned that its military has been cleared to wage an attack on the US using "smaller, lighter and diversified nuclear" weapons. South Korea's defense minister said North Korea has moved a missile with "considerable range" to its east coast, but he added that there are no signs that the North is preparing for a full-scale conflict.
    (AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 5, North Korea warned it could not guarantee the safety of diplomats after next Wednesday and asked embassies to consider moving staff out of the country.
    (Reuters, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, South Korean media reported that North Korea had placed two of its intermediate-range missiles on mobile launchers and hidden them on the east coast of the country in a move that could threaten Japan or US Pacific bases.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, Russia's foreign minister said Moscow doesn't understand why North Korea has suggested that Moscow and other countries close their embassies in Pyongyang, and he says he's concerned about the high tensions on the Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2013        Apr 6, North Korea’s Kaesong industrial complex, the last vestige of cooperation with the South, moved closer to paralysis as nearly 100 South Korean workers went home across a border that Pyongyang has closed in the return direction.
    (AP, 4/6/13)

2013        Apr 7, China warned against "troublemaking" on its doorstep, in an apparent rebuke to North Korea, and the US said it was postponing a missile test to help calm high tension on the divided Korean peninsula.
    (Reuters, 4/7/13)

2013        Apr 8, North Korea said it will suspend operations at a factory complex it has jointly run with South Korea, pulling out more than 53,000 North Korean workers and moving closer to severing its last economic link with its rival as tensions escalate.
    (AP, 4/8/13)

2013        Apr 9, North Korea urged all foreign companies and tourists in South Korea to evacuate because it says the rival Koreas are on the eve of a nuclear war.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 10, South Korea's foreign minister told lawmakers that the prospect of a North Korean missile test is "considerably high," as Pyongyang calmly prepared to mark the April 15 birthday of its founder, historically a time when it seeks to draw the world's attention with dramatic displays of military power.
    (AP, 4/10/13)

2013        Apr 11, North Korea delivered a fresh round of rhetoric with claims it had "powerful striking means" on standby for a missile launch. G-8 foreign, meeting London, condemned North Korea's aggressive rhetoric and the development of its nuclear missile programs, saying that Pyongyang's recent actions threaten international security.
    (AP, 4/11/13)

2013        Apr 13, China and the US committed to a process aimed at ridding North Korea of its nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, The renowned London School of Economics denounced the BBC for using a student-organized trip to North Korea as "cover" for a reporting trip to the secretive communist country.
    (AP, 4/14/13)

2013        Apr 15, The Pulitzer Prize for fiction went to San Francisco writer Adam Johnson for “The Orphan Master’s Son," a novel set in North Korea. “No North Korean has read a book, as we think of a book – as a work of art whose job it is to iluminate the human experience – in three generations.   
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.D1)

2013        Apr 16, North Korea issued new threats against South Korea, vowing "sledge-hammer blows" of retaliation if South Korea did not apologize for anti-North Korean protests the previous day when the North was celebrating the birth of its founding leader.
    (Reuters, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 18, North Korea demanded the lifting of UN sanctions and the end of US-South Korea military drills as conditions for resuming talks meant to defuse tension on the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/18/13)

2013        Apr 21, A South Korean news agency reported that North Korea has moved two short-range missile launchers to its east coast, apparently indicating it is pushing ahead with preparations for a test launch.
    (Reuters, 4/21/13)

2013        Apr 26, Seoul said that it has decided to withdraw the roughly 175 South Koreans still at a jointly run factory complex in North Korea, raising a major question about the survival of the last symbol of inter-Korean cooperation.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        Apr 29, North Korea approved the withdrawal of most of the remaining South Korean personnel at a jointly run industrial park in the North, with a final seven set to stay behind to negotiate unpaid wages for North Korean workers.
    (AP, 4/29/13)

2013        Apr, North Korea relaxed state control of salaries. The change in policy was reportedly intended to boost production by giving companies latitude to provide workers with financial incentives.
    (AP, 5/27/13)

2013        May 2, North Korea’s media said Kenneth Bae (44), a Korean American detained for six months in North Korea, has been sentenced to 15 years of hard labor for "hostile acts" against the state. In August Bae was reportedly hospitalized after losing over 50 pounds.
    (AP, 5/2/13)(SFC, 8/12/13, p.A2)

2013        May 5, North Koreans seized a Chinese fishing boat in what the boat owner maintained were Chinese waters. The gun-toting North Koreans demanded a 600,000 yuan ($100,000) ransom.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2013        May 7, The Bank of China said it has issued a bank account closing notice to North Korea’s Foreign Trade Bank.
    (SFC, 5/8/13, p.A3)

2013        May 9, Nine young defectors from North Korea, ages 15-23,  entered Laos through China. The alleged orphans were caught by Laotian authorities on May 16 and soon returned to North Korea. On May 31 the UN human rights chief criticized China and Laos for their actions.
    (SFC, 6/1/13, p.A2)

2013        May 21, Chinese boat owner Yu Xuejun said gunmen wearing North Korean military uniforms released his fishing boat after holding its crew since May 5, beating up the captain and stealing the vessel's fuel. He added that the hijackers did not get the 600,000 yuan ($100,000) ransom they had demanded.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 24, North Korean Vice Marshal Choe Ryong Hae delivered a letter from leader Kim Jong Un to Chinese President Xi Jinping and told him Pyongyang would take steps to rejoin stalled six-nation nuclear disarmament talks, in an apparent victory for Beijing's efforts to coax its unruly ally into lowering tensions.
    (AP, 5/24/13)

2013        Jun 6, North and South Korea agreed to hold talks on reopening a jointly run factory complex and other cross-border issues, after months of deteriorating relations and a day before a US-China summit in which the North is expected to be a key topic.
    (AP, 6/6/13)

2013        Jun 9, Government delegates from North and South Korea held preparatory talks at a "truce village" on their heavily armed border aimed at setting ground rules for a higher-level discussion on easing animosity and restoring stalled rapprochement projects.
    (AP, 6/9/13)

2013        Jun 11, South Korea said its first high-level talks in years with North Korea have been scrapped because of a stalemate over who will lead each delegation. The last minister-level meeting between the Koreas occurred in 2007.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

2013        Jun 16, North Korea's top governing body proposed high-level nuclear and security talks with the United States in an appeal sent just days after calling off talks with rival South Korea.
    (AP, 6/16/13)

2013        Jun 27, In China Pres. Xi Jinping and South Korean Pres. Park Geun-hye called for a swift resumption of six-nation North Korean nuclear disarmament talks after a summit that brought together Pyongyang's archrival and its biggest ally.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, The Obama administration said it was sanctioning North Korea's Daedong Credit Bank for its role in supporting Pyongyang's weapons of mass destruction program.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)

2013        Jul 4, North and South Korea agreed to hold talks aimed at reopening a jointly run factory park that was a rare source of cash for the North three weeks after their last attempt at dialogue collapsed in bickering over protocol.
    (Reuters, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 6, Delegates from North and South Korea held talks on restarting a stalled joint factory park that had been a symbol of cooperation between the bitter rivals, but there was no word on whether any significant progress had been made as discussions went into the night.
    (AP, 7/6/13)

2013        Jul 7, North and South Korea agreed to take steps to reopen a jointly run industrial park, including facilities inspections, after the two rivals staged a marathon meeting lasting more than 16 hours to arrange details.
    (Reuters, 7/7/13)

2013        Jul 10, Talks between the rival Koreas aimed at restarting a stalled inter-Korean factory park ended with no breakthrough. Both sides agreed to meet again next week to discuss restoring what was once a rare symbol of cooperation between the archrivals.
    (AP, 7/10/13)

2013        Jul 11, North Korea withdrew offers for talks with South Korea on reunions of separated families and resuming tours to a mountain resort.
    (AP, 7/11/13)

2013        Jul 15, Panama's president said the country has seized a North Korean-flagged freighter carrying what appeared to be ballistic missiles and other arms that had set sail from Cuba. North Korea and Cuba said the weapons were antiquated and were being sent for repair. North Korea called for the release of the ship and its and 35 crew members.
    (AP, 7/16/13)(SFC, 7/18/13, p.A4)(SFC, 7/19/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 7, North Korea said it is lifting a ban on operations at a jointly run factory park shuttered since Pyongyang pulled out its 53,000 workers in April amid tensions with South Korea. The rivals agreed to meet next week for talks meant to restart the complex.
    (AP, 8/7/13)

2013        Aug 11, Jeon Wook-Pyo (68), a South Korean man, escaped North Korea four decades after he was kidnapped by North Korea while fishing near the disputed Yellow Sea border. Jeon was among 25 fishermen aboard two boats that were seized by a North Korean navy ship on December 28, 1972.
    (AFP, 9/13/13)

2013        Aug 14, North and South Korea agreed to restart the joint Kaesong industrial park after a series of talks on the fate of the last symbol of economic cooperation.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)

2013        Sep 3, Former NBA star Dennis Rodman flew to North Korea to hang out with authoritarian leader Kim Jong Un, have a good time and bridge some cultural gaps — but not to be a diplomat.
    (AP, 9/3/13)

2013        Sep 5, North Korea agreed to restore a cross-border military hotline with South Korea.
    (SFC, 9/6/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 7, Former US basketball star Dennis Rodman returned from his second visit to North Korea this year where he again met the reclusive country's leader Kim Jong-un. "He is my friend for life. I don't care what you guys think about him. I don't give a shit about what people around the world think about him."
    (Reuters, 9/7/13)

2013        Sep 11, North and South Korea agreed to restart operations at a jointly run factory park that Pyongyang shut down in April during a torrent of threats, the latest sign of easing animosity between the rivals.
    (AP, 9/11/13)

2013        Sep 16, South Korean workers crossed into North Korea as the joint Kaesong industrial zone restarted operations five months after being shuttered by rising military tensions and threats of war.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, South Korea's military shot and killed a man who undertook a rare attempt to enter North Korea by floating across a river that runs near the heavily militarized border.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)

2013        Sep 17, UN human rights investigators said inmates in North Korea's prison camps have suffered starvation, torture and other "unspeakable atrocities", in their first report on violations in the reclusive state. North Korea rejected the findings as part of a political plot.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)

2013        Sep 21, North Korea ordered the indefinite postponement of a scheduled series of reunions for families divided since the 1950-53 Korean War, dealing a setback to months of efforts to improve ties between the Korean neighbors.
    (Reuters, 9/21/13)

2013        Sep 22, Russia re-opened a railway link with North Korea, holding out the prospect of increased trade for the reclusive nation with its biggest neighbors after years of international sanctions.
    (Reuters, 9/22/13)

2013        Sep 24, China published a list that included military-like hardware and chemical substances that would be banned from export to North Korea for fear they could be used in the construction of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 3, The US-Korea Institute at John Hopkins said North Korea’s main nuclear complex was discharging hot wastewater in a further sign that the country has restarted its Soviet-era nuclear reactor.
    (SFC, 10/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 10, North Korea’s sate media confirmed the removal of a hard-line general as its military chief.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 11, A Panamanian official said two Cuban fighter jets seized from a North Korean ship in July were in perfect condition to operate and the 15 plane engines that were found along with them were relatively new and could be used as replacements.
    (AP, 10/11/13)

2013        Oct 13, A number of North Korean officers and sailors died while a submarine chaser was performing "combat duties." At least 19 sailors were believed killed. Photos of stone markers released by state media on Nov 2 showed "Oct. 13" inscribed on them.
    (AP, 11/4/13)(Reuters, 11/4/13)

2013        Oct 24, Malaysia’s HELP University faced public criticism for awarding an honorary doctorate degree in economics earlier this month to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
    (SFC, 10/25/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 25, North Korea repatriated six South Korean citizens and a corpse at a heavily defended border crossing.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)

2013        Oct 26, North Korea detained Merrill Newman (85), an American retiree and Korean War veteran, who was on an organized tour. Friends and relatives later said it was due to a "misunderstanding," but after 3 weeks they had not heard any reasons for the detention. Former members of a South Korean guerrilla group later said six decades earlier Newman had supervised the group during the Korean War, and that they were perhaps the most hated and feared fighters in the North.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)(AP, 12/3/13)

2013        Nov 3, North Korea publicly executed around 80 people, many for watching smuggled South Korean TV shows. A South Korean newspaper reported the executions on Nov 11.
    (AFP, 11/11/13)

2013        Nov 7, North Korea's security agency said it has arrested a South Korean spy in Pyongyang who intended to rally anti-government forces, a claim that intelligence officials in Seoul quickly called ridiculous and groundless.
    (AP, 11/7/13)

2013        Nov 30, North Korea state media claimed that US tourist Merrill Newman (85), detained for more than a month, has apologized for alleged crimes during the Korean War and for "hostile acts" against the state during a recent trip. A video of the apology was dated Nov 9.
    (AP, 11/30/13)

2013        Nov, North Korea executed two deputies of Jang Song Thaek, an uncle of leader Kim Jong Un, on charges of corruption and anti-party activities.
    (SFC, 12/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 3, South Korean lawmakers said North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is believed to have dismissed Jang Song Thaek, a powerful uncle and a man key to his rise to power, from his posts.
    (Reuters, 12/3/13)(SFC, 12/5/13, p.A3)

2013        Dec 7, North Korea freed Merrill Newman, an 85-year-old US veteran of the Korean War, after a weekslong detention.
    (AP, 12/7/13)

2013        Dec 8, North Korea’s state TV showed Jang Song Thaek, the uncle of Kim Jong Un, being stripped of all his titles at a party meeting led by Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 12, In North Korea Jang Song Thaek (67), the uncle of leader Kim Jong Un, was tried for treason by a special military tribunal and executed. State media accused Jang of destroying the economy for his personal benefit and blamed him for masterminding the 2009 currency revaluation that sparked rare protests in North Korea.
    (AP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 19, Former NBA star Dennis Rodman arrived in North Korea to help train the national team and renew his friendship with the North's young leader, Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 12/19/13)

2013        Sheila Miyoshi Jager authored “Brothers at War: The Unending Conflict in Korea."
    (Econ, 7/27/13, p.68)
2013        Andrei Lankov authored “The Real North Korea: Life and Politics in the Failed Stalinist Utopia."
    (Econ, 5/18/13, p.86)

2014        Jan 6, Dennis Rodman and former NBA players arrived in Pyongyang, North Korea. They planned a "birthday present" game for leader Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 1/6/14)

2014        Jan 8, Dennis Rodman sang "Happy Birthday" to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un before leading a squad of former NBA stars in a friendly game as part of his "basketball diplomacy" that has been criticized in the US as naive and laughable. Tourists said Rodman singing "Happy Birthday" to Kim Jong-Un was akin to Marilyn Monroe performing for JFK.
    (AFP, 1/8/14)(AP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 9, Dennis Rodman apologized for comments he made in North Korea about a detained American missionary, saying he had been drinking and was under pressure as he organized a game with former NBA players.
    (AP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 24, North Korea proposed reunions of families separated since the Korean War six decades ago, continuing its latest campaign of reconciliation that included a call for South Korea and the United States to cancel joint military drills.
    (Reuters, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 29, US Director of National Intelligence James Clapper said that North Korea has expanded the size of its uranium enrichment facility at its Nyongbyon nuclear complex and restarted a plutonium reactor that was shut down in 2007.
    (AP, 1/29/14)

2014        Jan 30, Panama’s judicial authorities ordered the release of 32 of 35 crew members of a North Korean ship detained last July for carrying hidden arms from Cuba. The Chon Chon Gang was carrying Cuban fighter jects and missiles. Owners this month agreed to pay a $670,000 fine.
    (SFC, 1/31/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 31, Former basketball star Dennis Rodman said he was willing to trade places with Kenneth Bae, an American missionary imprisoned in North Korea, the next time he visits his friend, North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un.
    (Reuters, 1/31/14)

2014        Feb 5, North Korea and South Korea agreed to hold their first reunions in more than three years of families divided by the Korean War.
    (SFC, 2/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 6, North Korea threatened to cancel reunions of Korean War-divided families because of upcoming US-South Korean military drills and accused the United States of raising tensions by flying nuclear-capable B-52 bombers near the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 2/6/14)

2014        Feb 12, North Korea and South Korea held their first high-level talks in Panmunjom, their first in seven years.
    (SSFC, 2/16/14, p.A6)

2014        Feb 13, The US-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies said that North Korea has accelerated excavation at a remote mountain site used for underground nuclear test explosions. However, it did not see signs of an imminent test.
    (AP, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 14, North and South Korea agreed in a rare high-level meeting to stop insulting each other and to go ahead with planned reunions of Korean War-divided families next week despite a dispute over upcoming US-South Korean military drills.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, It was reported that a UN Commission of Inquiry has found that crimes against humanity have been committed in North Korea and recommends that its findings be referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC).
    (AP, 2/14/14)

2014        Feb 16, In North Korea John Short (75), an Australian missionary, was questioned and then arrested in his Pyongyang hotel, a day after he arrived there. He has lived in Hong Kong for 50 years and has been arrested previously in China for evangelizing. Short was deported to Beijing on March 3.
    (AP, 2/20/14)(AP, 3/3/14)

2014        Feb 17, A UN panel warned North Korean leader Kim Jong Un that he may be held accountable for orchestrating widespread crimes against civilians. The UN Human Rights Council delivered a 400-page report on human rights violations in North Korea.
    (AP, 2/17/14)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.33)

2014        Feb 20, In North Korea dozens of elderly North and South Koreans separated for six decades reunited at North Korea’s Diamond Mountain resort, weeping and embracing in a rush of words and emotion.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 27, In North Korea Kim Jung Wook, a South Korean Baptist missionary, told reporters he is sorry for his “anti-state" crimes and appealed to North Korean authorities to show him mercy by releasing him from their custody. He was arrested over four months ago for allegedly trying to establish underground Christian churches.
    (AP, 2/27/14)(SFC, 2/28/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 8, China declared a "red line" on North Korea, saying that China will not permit chaos or war on the Korean peninsula, and that peace can only come through denuclearization.
    (Reuters, 3/8/14)

2014        Mar 9, Almost all North Koreans cast their ballots in a pre-determined election for a rubber-stamp parliament, an exercise that doubles as a national head count and may offer clues to power shifts in Pyongyang.
    (AFP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, Libya's Defense Ministry said it has authorized the military to use force to stop a North Korean-flagged tanker from loading crude oil at a rebel-held port, bypassing the Tripoli government.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 11, In Libya angry MPs ousted PM Ali Zeidan after the North Korean-flagged Morning Glory, a tanker laden with oil from a rebel-held terminal, broke through a naval blockade and escaped to sea. Zeidan flew to Malta on a Libyan state plane, but then switched to a private jet after a brief stopover before departing for Germany. Libyan commander Ibrahim Jedran, whose militia took over vital oil terminals in the country's east, said he is seeking help from the United States in a standoff with the government over the seizure.
    (AP, 3/11/14)(AP, 3/12/14)(AFP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 25, In the Netherlands US President Barack Obama, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe and South Korean President Park Geun-hye met to discuss North Korea's security threat.
    (AP, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 26, North Korea test-fired two medium-range Rodong ballistic missiles. The Rodong launch, the first since 2009, violated UN Security Council resolutions and marked a big escalation from a series of shorter-range rocket launches the North has staged in recent weeks to protest ongoing annual military drills by the US and South Korea that Pyongyang claims are invasion preparation.
    (AP, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, South Korea's military seized a North Korean fishing boat that it said had crossed a disputed maritime border after ignoring warnings to retreat amid growing tension between the two sides.
    (Reuters, 3/27/14)
2014        Mar 27, South Korea formally approved a request from women rights activists, including one "comfort woman", to meet North Korean counterparts at a conference on Japan's wartime use of sex slaves.
    (AFP, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 30, Japan and North Korea started high-level government talks for the first time in more than a year that were expected to focus on abductions of Japanese by North Korea decades ago.
    (AP, 3/30/14)

2014        Mar 31, North and South Korea exchanged artillery fire in disputed waters in an apparent new round of saber-rattling by Pyongyang during annual US-South Korean military exercises.
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 4, South Korean rescuers recovered the bodies of two North Korean sailors, pulled three survivors and were searching for 11 others missing after their cargo ship sank off South Korea's coast. The Mongolian-flagged ship was carrying 16 North Korean crew members when it sent a distress signal in international waters about 130 km (80 miles) south of the southern port city of Yeosu.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 9, In North Korea Kim Jong-Un was "re-elected" as leader. The new parliament also elected members of the powerful National Defense Commission (NDC), appointing Kim's close confidante Choi Ryong-Hae as one of three vice chairmen of the top military decision-making body.
    (AFP, 4/9/14)

2014        Apr 10, North Korea detained an American it identified as Matthew Miller (24) for alleged improper behavior. The man reportedly entered the country with a tourist visa, but tore it up and shouted that he wanted to seek asylum.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.A2)(AP, 9/14/14)

2014        Apr 13, The streets of North Korea's capital filled with runners from all over the world for the annual Pyongyang marathon, which was open to foreign amateurs this year for the first time.
    (AP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 25, President Barack Obama and South Korean President Park Geun-hye warned Pyongyang that it could face tougher sanctions if it follows through with threats to launch a fourth nuclear test.
    (AP, 4/25/14)

2014        May 13, In North Korea an apartment building under construction in Pyongyang collapsed. The 23-story apartment building was presumed to have housed 92 families. Word of the collapse was reported on May 18 by the North's official Korean Central News Agency.
    (AP, 5/18/14)

2014        May 22, North and South Korean warships exchanged artillery fire in disputed waters off the western coast, in the latest sign of rising animosity between the bitter rivals in recent weeks.
    (AP, 5/22/14)

2014        May 26, South Korea and China agreed recent nuclear activity by North Korea posed a serious threat to the peace and stability of the region and Pyongyang must not conduct a nuclear test, after a meeting of their top diplomats in Seoul.
    (Reuters, 5/26/14)

2014        May 29, Japan and North Korea agreed to a deal in which Japan will relax sanctions in return for a North Korean investigation of abductions in the 1970s and 1980s.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, p.43)

2014        Jun 6, North Korea said it has detained an American tourist for committing an unspecified crime, the third US citizen being held there. Jeffrey Edward Fowle (56) of Ohio had arrived in North Korea on April 29.
    (AP, 6/6/14)(AP, 6/7/14)

2014        Jun 19, Chinese authorities arrested 11 North Koreans who had fled their country and will likely deport them back to the North where they could face severe punishment.
    (AP, 7/2/14)

2014        Jun 27, A Panamanian judge acquitted and ordered the immediate release of the last three of 35 North Koreans detained last year for trying to transport undeclared Cuban weapons through the Panama Canal. The decision was based on the fact that the incident "was of international character and outside Panamanian jurisdiction."
    (AFP, 6/28/14)

2014        Jul 3, Chinese President Xi Jinping began a two-day visit to Seoul. The leaders of China and South Korea simultaneously snubbed North Korea, bolstered their already booming trade relationship and gave the US and Japan a look at Beijing's growing influence south of the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
    (AP, 7/3/14)
2014        Jul 3, A China-based tour operator said North Korea will reopen some of its domestic scheduled air routes for the first time in years, another sign of moves to bolster tourism in the isolated country.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)
2014        Jul 3, Japan eased some sanctions on North Korea in return for its reopening of a probe into the fate of Japanese citizens abducted by the reclusive state decades ago, as a fresh report emerged that some of them were alive.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)

2014        Jul 8, North Korea’s 6,700-ton freighter "Mu Du Bong," which had come from Cuba, ran aground on a reef 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Tuxpan in Mexico's Veracruz state. On April 8, 2015, North Korea accused Mexico of illegally detaining the ship with some 50 crew.
    (Reuters, 4/8/15)

2014        Aug 11, South Korea said it would provide $13.3 million in funding for UN humanitarian projects in North Korea -- its second indirect aid package for the North in a month.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 15, Japan froze the assets of Ocean Maritime Management, operator of the North Korean ship seized for smuggling arms detained near the Panama Canal a year ago carrying Soviet-era arms.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)

2014        Sep 1, North Korea gave foreign media access to detained Americans Kenneth Bae, Jeffrey Fowle and Mathew Miller). The three called for Washington to send a high-ranking representative to negotiate for their freedom.
    (AP, 9/2/14)

2014        Sep 4, South Korea said it would create a joint military unit with the US, as a report suggested the contingent would target North Korea's weapons of mass destruction if a full-scale conflict broke out.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 5, North Korea said it will send back a South Korean man who entered the North illegally. Kim Sang-geun reportedly entered North Korea through a third country after having unspecified difficulties living in the South.
    (AP, 9/5/14)

2014        Sep 12, A boat from the northern China seaport city of Dalian, with six crew on board, was seized by North Koreans while fishing in the Yellow Sea between China and the Korean Peninsula. The North Koreans demanded a fine of 250,000 yuan ($40,700) for releasing the boat and its crew, but on September 17th the six crew returned to their fishing village with wounds on their bodies from being beaten.
    (Reuters, 9/23/14)

2014        Sep 14, North Korea's Supreme Court convicted Matthew Miller of Bakersfield, California, of entering the country illegally to commit espionage and sentenced him to six years of hard labor. He reportedly admitted to having the "wild ambition" of experiencing prison life so that he could secretly investigate North Korea's human rights situation.
    (AP, 9/14/14)

2014        Sep 21, In South Korea a small group of activists launched tens of thousands of leaflets by helium balloon, just days after the North sent a letter to the presidential office demanding such exercises be halted.
    (AFP, 9/23/14)

2014        Oct 4, North Korea's presumptive No. 2 and other members of Pyongyang's inner circle met with South Korean officials in Seoul at the close of the Asian Games in the rivals' highest level face-to-face talks in five years.
    (AP, 10/4/14)

2014        Oct 10, North and South Korea traded machine-gun and rifle fire after South Korean activists released anti-Pyongyang propaganda balloons across the border.
    (AP, 10/10/14)

2014        Oct 15, The first military talks between North and South Korea in more than three years ended with no agreement, with the rivals failing to narrow their differences on how to ease animosity following two shooting incidents last week.
    (AP, 10/15/14)

2014        Oct 19, North and South Korean troops exchanged gunfire along their fortified border in the second such shooting in less than 10 days.
    (AP, 10/19/14)

2014        Oct 21, Jeffrey Fowle (56), arrested in May for leaving a Bible at a sailor's club in the North Korean city of Chongjin, was freed and flown home on a US government plane to Dayton, Ohio.
    (Reuters, 10/22/14)

2014        Oct 25, South Korean activists launched balloons to send leaflets to North Korea with messages critical of its leader, ignoring threats of military action from Pyongyang and a plea by Seoul not to jeopardize efforts to improve ties with the North.
    (Reuters, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 28, Japanese and North Korean officials held talks in Pyongyang for the first time in 10 years, meeting to assess progress into North Korea's investigation into the fates of Japanese citizens who were abducted in the 1970s and '80s.
    (AP, 10/28/14)

2014        Nov 8, North Korea released Americans Kenneth Bae and Matthew Miller and both were on their journey back to the United States.
    (AP, 11/8/14)

2014        Nov 18, The UN General Assembly’s human rights committee approved a resolution that urges the Security Council to refer North Korea’s harsh human rights situation to the Int’l. Criminal Court.
    (SFC, 11/19/14, p.A4)

2014        Dec 7, North Korea released a report that clearly appreciated a cyber-attack on Sony Pictures, which is producing an upcoming film that shows a murder plot against Pyongyang's supreme leader.
    (Reuters, 12/7/14)

2014        Dec 14, In North Korea US citizen Arturo Pierre Martinez (29) from El Paso, Texas, held a press conference in Pyongyang to denounce his own country's political and economic systems. He said he had crossed illegally into North Korea from China in November.
    (AFP, 12/14/14)

2014        Dec 17, Sony Pictures Entertainment pulled its planned release of “The Interview," a comedy about a fictional assassination plot against North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un, amid threats by cyberterrorists to bomb any theater that showed the film.
    (SFC, 12/18/14, p.A1)

2014        Dec 19, The US FBI formally accused North Korea of hacking of Sony Pictures. Sony Pictures said it is looking for alternatives to release "The Interview" after it scrapped the Christmas Day theatrical opening of the screwball comedy at the center of a cyber-attack on the studio blamed on North Korea.
    (AP, 12/19/14)(Reuters, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 20, North Korea said US accusations that it was involved in a cyberattack on Sony Pictures were "groundless slander" and that it was wanted a joint investigation into the incident with the United States.
    (Reuters, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 22, North Korea, at the center of a confrontation with the United States over the hacking of Sony Pictures, experienced a complete Internet outage for hours before links were restored on Dec 23.
    (Reuters, 12/23/14)

2014        Dec 25, Entertainment giant Sony streamed "The Interview," the movie that has outraged North Korea for lampooning dictator Kim Jong-Un, giving an early online Christmas present to US viewers. It was being distributed on Google's YouTube for a $5.99 rental fee.
    (AFP, 12/25/14)

2014        Dec 27, North Korea's Internet and 3G mobile networks were paralyzed again this evening. North Korea called US President Barack Obama a "monkey" and blamed Washington for Internet outages that it has experienced during a confrontation with the United States over the hacking of the film studio Sony Pictures.
    (Reuters, 12/27/14)

2014        Jang Jin-sung, a poet who fled North Korea in 2004, authored “Dear Leader: Poet, Spy, Escapee--A Look Inside North Korea."
    (Econ, 5/3/14, p.73)

2015        Jan 2, The United States imposed new sanctions on North Korea in retaliation for a cyber attack on Hollywood studio Sony Pictures.
    (AFP, 1/2/15)

2015        Jan 5, South Korean media reported that a young North Korean soldier crossed the border in late December and stole money and food at a house before killing four residents in China's northeastern city of Helong.
    (AFP, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 6, South Korea’s Defense Ministry said North Korean military's "cyber army" has boosted its numbers to 6,000 troops.
    (Reuters, 1/6/15)

2015        Jan 11, In Myanmar North Korean Ambassador Kim Sok Chol met with Myint Swe, the chief minister of the Rangoon division. Myanmar police soon began seizing pirated copies of the film "The Interview", a comedy about a fictional plot to assassinate North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, with media saying the move followed pressure from the North Korean embassy in Yangon.
    (Reuters, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 31, Canadian Reverend Hyeon Soo Lim (60) traveled to North Korea as part of a regular humanitarian mission where he supports a nursing home, a nursery and an orphanage. He was not heard from since.
    (AP, 3/3/15)

2015        Mar 5, Bangladeshi customs authorities seized nearly 27 kg of gold, worth about $1.67 million, from North Korean diplomat Son Young Nam after he tried to smuggle in the bullion using diplomatic immunity.
    (AFP, 3/6/15)

2015        Mar 9, Bangladesh said it has ordered North Korean diplomat Son Young Nam to leave the country after he tried to smuggle in gold bullion using diplomatic immunity. North Korea apologized to Bangladesh over the incident.
    (AFP, 3/9/15)(SFC, 3/10/15, p.A2)

2015        Mar 26, North Korea said it had arrested two South Koreans based in the Chinese border city of Dandong, accusing them of spying for South Korea.
    (Reuters, 3/26/15)

2015        Apr 8, North Korea said it was expelling American aid worker Sandra Suh for engaging in what it said was a conspiracy against the state. Los Angeles-based Wheat Mission Ministries says on its website that Sandra Suh began the group's work in 1989 to aid North Koreans. It was formally established as a non-profit organization in 2005.
    (Reuters, 4/8/15)

2015        Apr 21, The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists issued its annual list of the world's top 10 most censored countries: Eritrea tope the list followed by North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, Azerbaijan, Vietnam, Iran, China, Myanmar and Cuba.
    (AP, 4/21/15)

2015        Apr 22, North Korea caught Joo Won-moon (21), a South Korean student at NYU, crossing its border from the Chinese side of the Yalu River. He later said that he had intended to be arrested and hoped to bring about better relations between North and South Korea.
    (Reuters, 5/2/15)(SFC, 5/6/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 25, In China a 55-year-old man surnamed Zhao, his 26-year-old daughter and another man aged 67 were killed in Longcheng township along the North Korean border, not far from where at least 7 villagers were reported killed last year by border guards who had crossed the Tumen River in search of money and food.
    (AP, 4/30/15)

2015        Apr 30, In North Korea People’s Armed forces Minister Hyon Yong Chol was killed on about this date in front of hundreds of spectators at a shooting range at Pyongyang’s Kang Kon Military Academy. Leader Kim Jong Un reportedly ordered him killed with an antiaircraft gun for complaining and talking back to the young ruler.
    (http://tinyurl.com/p7c7yyp)(SFC, 5/14/15, p.A3)

2015        May 24, A group of international women activists crossed the heavily-fortified Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between North and South Korea in what they said was a symbolic act for peace.
    (Reuters, 5/24/15)

2015        May, A North Korean diplomat was arrested in Mozambique on charges related to rhino horn smuggling.
    (AP, 12/23/15)

2015        Jun 4, North Korea accused the United States of targeting it with anthrax and asked the UN Security Council to investigate Washington's "biological warfare schemes. The US Pentagon recently said live anthrax samples, which can be used as a biological weapon, have been inadvertently sent to Australia, Canada, Britain, South Korea and laboratories in 19 US states and Washington, D.C.
    (Reuters, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 11, In North Korea a section of the Koryo Hotel, one of the oldest and best known hotels in Pyongyang, caught fire.
    (Reuters, 6/11/15)

2015        Jun 15, A North Korean soldier in his late teens defected to South Korea walking across their shared border.
    (SFC, 6/16/15, p.A2)

2015        Jun 16, North Korea said it has been hit by the worst drought in a century, compounding chronic food shortages in the country.
    (Reuters, 6/16/15)

2015        Jun 23, North Korea's highest court sentenced two South Koreans accused of spying to hard labor for life.
    (Reuters, 6/23/15)

2015        Jul 1, North Korea opened a new terminal building at Pyongyang's international airport, underscoring an effort to attract more tourists.
    (AP, 7/1/15)

2015        Jul 4, South Korea found a North Korean ship adrift and sinking with 5 sailors near the island of Ulleungdo off of South Korea’s northeastern coast. On July 7 South Korea said three of the sailors had defected to South Korea.
    (SFC, 7/8/15, p.A2)

2015        Jul 9, South Korean officials said young North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has executed 70 officials since taking power in late 2011 in a "reign of terror" that far exceeds the bloodshed of his dictator father's early rule.
    (AP, 7/9/15)

2015        Jul 14, South Korea sent back two North Korean fishermen who were rescued from South Korean waters but said it would not return three others who requested asylum.
    (AP, 7/14/15)

2015        Aug 7, North Korea announced that it will turn back its current standard time by 30 minutes effective August 15. The move will allow it to differentiate its time zone from that of Japan and South Korea.
    (AP, 8/7/15)

2015        Aug 10, South Korea restarted propaganda broadcasts across the border with rival North Korea for the first time in 11 years in retaliation for the North allegedly planting land mines last week that maimed two South Korean soldiers.
    (AP, 8/10/15)

2015        Aug 12, A South Korean media report said Choe Yong Gon (63), North Korea's vice premier, was executed by firing squad this year after showing discontent with the policies of the country's leader Kim Jong Un.
    (Reuters, 8/12/15)

2015        Aug 19, In North Korea the Slovenian rock band Laibach played to a full house in Pyongyang as part of the “Liberation Day Tour," coinciding with the Korean Peninsula’s 70th year anniversary of liberation from Japanese colonization.
    (SFC, 8/20/15, p.A4)

2015        Aug 20, South Korea fired tens of artillery rounds toward North Korea after the North launched shells to protest South Korea's anti-Pyongyang propaganda broadcasts along the border.
    (Reuters, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 21, North and South Korea appeared headed toward another clash, as Seoul refused an ultimatum that it halt anti-Pyongyang propaganda broadcasts by Aug 22 afternoon or face military action, and North Korea said its troops were on a war footing.
    (Reuters, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 22, North Korea and South Korea held their first high-level talks in nearly a year at a border village to defuse mounting tensions that have pushed the rivals to the brink of a possible military confrontation.
    (AP, 8/22/15)
2015        Aug 22, In North Korea some 1,070 houses and 99 public buildings such as schools and hospitals were destroyed by torrential rains over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/26/15)

2015        Aug 23, North and South Korea resumed top-level talks on avoiding a threatened military clash, even as Seoul accused Pyongyang of undermining the process with provocative naval and land deployments.
    (AFP, 8/23/15)

2015        Aug 24, South Korean President Park Geun-hye demanded that North Korea apologize over recent landmine blasts, even as the bitter rivals held marathon talks to defuse tensions that have brought the peninsula back to the brink of armed conflict.
    (Reuters, 8/24/15)

2015        Aug 25, North and South Korea agreed early today to end a military standoff that sparked an exchange of artillery fire and had ratcheted up tension on one of the world's most heavily-fortified borders.
    (Reuters, 8/25/15)

2015        Sep 7, North and South Korea started talks at a border village on resuming the reunions of families separated by the Korean War.
    (AP, 9/7/15)
2015        Sep 7, The head of the UN atomic energy agency said satellite imagery of North Korea's main nuclear site indicates that the country is expanding its atomic program.
    (AP, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 15, North Korea said its main nuclear complex was operating and it was working to improve the "quality and quantity" of its weapons which it could use against the United States at "any time".
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)

2015        Oct 9, Yeonmi Park (22), a North Korean defector who was trafficked and raped at the age of 13 after fleeing to China, promoted her new book: “In Order To Live: A North Korean Girl's Journey to Freedom" to the Women in the World summit in London.
    (Reuters, 10/10/15)

2015        Oct 10, North Korea marked the 70th anniversary of its ruling Workers' Party with a massive military parade overseen by leader Kim Jong Un, who said his country was ready to fight any war waged by the United States.
    (Reuters, 10/10/15)

2015        Oct 20, Korean families, separated by the Korean War, began to reunite at the Diamond Mountain resort in North Korea.
    (SFC, 10/22/15, p.A4)(SSFC, 10/25/15, p.A8)

2015        Oct 24, Hundreds of S. Koreans crossed the border to North Korea for the last set of reunions this year. In the first round of reunions earlier in the week, about 390 South Koreans traveled to the resort to meet with 180 North Korean relatives.
    (AP, 10/24/15)

2015        Nov 13, The US Treasury Department said it has blacklisted North Korea's ambassador to Myanmar for alleged involvement in illegal weapons trade.
    (AP, 11/13/15)

2015        Nov 26, North and South Korean officials met for talks at the border truce village of Panmunjom after the two sides signed an agreement in which Pyongyang expressed regret over landmine blasts near the border that wounded two South Korean soldiers.
    (Reuters, 11/26/15)

2015        Dec 10, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un appeared to claim his country has developed a hydrogen bomb, a step up from the less powerful atomic bomb, but outside experts were skeptical.
    (Reuters, 12/10/15)
2015        Dec 10, An Israeli parliamentary committee said that $400,000 of gold was exported to North Korea after a 2006 UN ban.
    (AFP, 12/10/15)

2015        Dec 11, South Africa expelled a North Korean diplomat. He was arrested in neighboring Mozambique in May on charges related to rhino horn smuggling.
    (AP, 12/23/15)

2015        Dec 12, The first high-level talks between North and South Korea since an August agreement to end an armed confrontation across their border ended in Kaesong inconclusively.
    (Reuters, 12/12/15)(SFC, 12/12/15, p.A2)

2015        Dec 16, North Korea's Supreme Court sentenced Canadian pastor Hyeon Soo Lim to life in prison with hard labor for what it called crimes against the state. 
    (AP, 12/16/15)

2015        Paul Fischer authored “A Kim Jong-Il Production: The Extraordinary True Story of a Kidnapped Filmmaker, His Star Actress, and a Young Dictator’s Rise to Power."
    (SSFC, 3/8/15, p.N3)
2015        Blaine Harden authored “The Great Leader and the Fighter Pilot: The True Story of the Tyrant who Created North Korea and the Young Lieutenant Who Stole His Way to Freedom." (see South Korea Sep 21, 1953).
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.78)

2016        Jan 2, North Korea arrested Otto Frederick Warmbier from the University of Virginia as his tour group was set to return to Beijing. North Korea later said it had arrested Wambier for engaging in an unspecified "hostile act" under orders from Washington.
    (AFP, 1/22/16)

2016        Jan 6, North Korea said it has tested a miniaturized hydrogen nuclear bomb, prompting skepticism among experts and officials who doubt Pyongyang has achieved such a major advance in its strike capability. The explosion was roughly as big as the atom bomb it detonated in 2013.
    (Reuters, 1/6/16)(Econ, 1/9/16, p.8)
2016        Jan 6, China urged North Korea to honor its commitment to denuclearization and called on Pyongyang to stop taking any action that could cause a deterioration of the situation on the Korean peninsula.
    (Reuters, 1/6/16)

2016        Jan 7, South Korea announced it would resume cross-border propaganda broadcasts that Pyongyang considers an act of war In response to North Korea's latest nuclear test.
    (AP, 1/7/16)

2016        Jan 8, South Korea resumed high-decibel propaganda broadcasts into North Korea as the United States ramped up pressure on China to bring Pyongyang to heel after its latest nuclear test.
    (AFP, 1/8/16)

2016        Jan 11, CNN reported that Kim Dong Chul (60), a naturalized American citizen, said he was being detained in North Korea for spying and asked the South Korean or US government to rescue him. Chul was arrested last October.
    (Reuters, 1/11/16)

2016        Jan 27, US Secretary of State John Kerry and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi agreed on the need for a significant new UN Security resolution targeting North Korea after its Jan. 6 nuclear test, though there were few signs of concrete progress.
    (Reuters, 1/27/16)

2016        Feb 2, A Japanese special police unit that deals with alleged espionage arrested an ethnic Korean resident on suspicion of fraud. Kyodo News agency soon reported his name as Pak Chae-Hun.
    (AFP, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 4 - 2016 Feb 5, Unknown hackers breached Bangladesh Bank's systems and tried to steal nearly $1 billion from its account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Many of the payments were blocked. But $20 million made its way to the Shalika Foundation in Sri Lanka before the transfer was reversed. Another $81 million was routed the Philippines, and diverted to casinos there, where the trail runs out. North Korea was later implicated in the cyber theft. In September a court in the Philippines ordered the central bank to return $15 million.
    (Reuters, 3/31/16)(Econ, 3/26/15, p.46)(SFC, 5/31/16, p.D2)(Econ, 10/15/16, p.71)

2016        Feb 7, North Korea launched a long-range rocket carrying what it called a satellite, but its neighbors and the United States denounced the launch as a missile test, conducted in defiance of UN sanctions and just weeks after a nuclear bomb test.
    (Reuters, 2/7/16)

2016        Feb 10, It was reported that North Korea has executed its army chief of staff, Ri Yong Gil, for corruption and factional conspiracy. If true this would be the latest in a series of executions, purges and disappearances under its young leader.
    (Reuters, 2/10/16)
2016        Feb 10, South Korea said that it will shut down a joint industrial park with North Korea in response to the North's recent rocket launch, accusing the North of using hard currency from the park to develop its nuclear and missile programs.
    (AP, 2/10/16)
2016        Feb 10, Japan announced that it will impose new sanctions on North Korea to protest a rocket launch seen as a test of missile technology.
    (AP, 2/10/16)

2016        Feb 11, North Korea said it was kicking out all South Koreans from the jointly run Kaesong industrial zone, calling the South's move to suspend operations, in retaliation for Sunday's rocket launch by the North, a "declaration of war".
    (Reuters, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 18, President Barack Obama slapped North Korea with more stringent sanctions for defying the world and pushing forward with its nuclear weapons program, weeks after it launched a satellite-carrying rocket into space and conducted its fourth underground nuclear test.
    (AP, 2/19/16)

2016        Feb 22, A South Korean newspaper reported that Chinese banks including a branch of China's biggest bank Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) have frozen accounts belonging to North Koreans.
    (Reuters, 2/22/16)

2016        Feb 29, North Korean media said Otto Warmbier (21), a University of Virginia student detained since early January, has confessed to "severe crimes" against the state: "I committed the crime of taking out a political slogan from the staff-only area of the Yanggakdo International Hotel."
    (Reuters, 2/29/16)

2016        Mar 1, North Korea said it will boycott the UN Human Rights Council deploring the "politicization" of the body.
    (Reuters, 3/1/16)

2016        Mar 2, The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution that dramatically expands existing UN sanctions on North Korea in response to its Jan. 6 nuclear test, a measure largely negotiated by Washington and Beijing.
    (Reuters, 3/2/16)
2016        Mar 2, South Korea's opposition members of parliament ended a record-breaking filibuster to block an "anti-terrorism" bill sponsored by their conservative rivals. South Korea’s National Assembly passed its first legislation on human rights in North Korea, in a move that is expected to enrage its northern rival.
    (Reuters, 3/2/16)(AP, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 3, The United States blacklisted North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's right-hand man, one of several officials added to a list of Specially Designated Nationals by the US Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control.
    (Reuters, 3/3/16)

2016        Mar 4, North Korea’s state media reported that leader Kim Jong Un has ordered his military to be ready to launch nuclear strikes at any time.
    (SFC, 3/5/16, p.A3)
2016        Mar 4, The European Union said that it had added 16 people and 12 companies to its sanctions list following North Korea's latest nuclear test and rocket launch.
    (Reuters, 3/4/16)
2016        Mar 4, The Philippines seized the Jin Tang, a North Korean freighter that was covered by harsher United Nations' sanctions against Pyongyang over its nuclear program. Manila will also deport the vessel's 21 North Korean crew and will await a UN inspection team from the United Nations. The ship and crew were reported released on March 25.
    (Reuters, 3/5/16)(AP, 3/25/16)

2016        Mar 8, South Korea said it would impose new sanctions against 40 individuals and 30 entities because of suspected links to North Korea's weapons program and would ban vessels that had stopped at North Korean ports in the past 180 days.
    (Reuters, 3/8/16)

2016        Mar 9, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said the country has miniaturized nuclear warheads to mount on ballistic missiles and ordered improvements in the power and precision of its arsenal.
    (Reuters, 3/9/16)
2016        Mar 9, The Bangladesh central bank said it is working to recover some $100 million allegedly stolen by Chinese hackers from an account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The money was apparently transferred to accounts in the Philippines. At least 30 transfer requests were made Feb. 5 using the Bangladesh Bank's SWIFT code, out of which five succeeded in effecting transfers. North Korea was later implicated in the cyber theft. In 2017 a report by Kaspersky Lab, “Lazarus Under the Hood," said North Korean hackers hit not only Bangladesh but also targeted dozens of banks worldwide in a susteained attempt at global digital robbery.
    (AP, 3/9/16)(SFC, 5/31/16, p.D2)(SFC, 4/7/17, p.A4)

2016        Mar 10, North Korea fired two short-range ballistic missiles into the sea in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions. The North also announced it had scrapped all agreements with the South on commercial exchange projects and would "liquidate" South Korean assets left behind in its territory.
    (AP, 3/10/16)

2016        Mar 11, North Korea’s official KCNA news agency reported that leader Kim Jong Un watched a ballistic missile launch test and ordered the country to improve its nuclear attack capability by conducting more tests.
    (Reuters, 3/11/16)
2016        Mar 11, South Korea's spy agency told lawmakers that the number of North Korean cyberattacks on the South has doubled over the past month.
    (AP, 3/11/16)
2016        Mar 11, US officials said the North Korean regime lost contact with a 70-foot Yono class "midget" submarine earlier this week.

2016        Mar 12, US and South Korean troops staged a big amphibious landing exercise, storming simulated North Korean beach defenses amid heightened tension and threats by the North to annihilate its enemies.
    (Reuters, 3/12/16)

2016        Mar 14, The United Nations human rights investigator for North Korea called for leader Kim Jong Un and senior officials in the country to be prosecuted for committing crimes against humanity.
    (Reuters, 3/14/16)

2016        Mar 16, North Korea's highest court sentenced American tourist Otto Warmbier, a University of Virginia undergraduate, to 15 years in prison with hard labor for subversion. Warmbier tearfully confessed that he had tried to steal a propaganda banner.
    (AP, 3/16/16)
2016        Mar 16, US President Barack Obama signed an order implementing UN-backed sanctions on North Korea after a nuclear test and missile launch this year, as Pyongyang promised reprisals.
    (AFP, 3/17/16)

2016        Mar 17, China expressed its opposition to unilateral sanctions against North Korea saying they could raise tension, a day after the United States imposed new curbs on the isolated country in retaliation for its nuclear and rocket tests.
    (Reuters, 3/17/16)

2016        Mar 21, North Korea fired five short-range projectiles into the sea off its east coast, amid heightened tension over the isolated country's nuclear and rocket programs.
    (Reuters, 3/21/16)

2016        Mar 22, The UN Security Council agreed to a Chinese request to remove sanctions on four ships the United Nations had blacklisted for ties to Pyongyang's arms trade. The agreement came after China secured assurances the vessels would not use North Korean crews.
    (Reuters, 3/22/16)

2016        Mar 25, It was reported that North Koreans are being mobilized en masse to boost production and demonstrate their loyalty to leader Kim Jong Un in a 70-day campaign aimed at wiping out "indolence and slackness." To show their loyalty, workers are putting in extra hours to boost production in everything from coal mining to fisheries.
    (AP, 3/25/16)
2016        Mar 25, In North Korea American Kim Tong Chol said he had spied for South Korean intelligence in a plot to bring down the North’s leadership and asked for forgiveness at a media presentation.
    (AP, 3/25/16)(SFC, 3/26/16, p.A2)

2016        Apr 1, It was reported that North Korea officially announced this week that it is blocking Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and South Korean websites in a move underscoring its concern with the spread of online information. Very few North Koreans have Internet access.
    (AP, 4/1/16)

2016        Apr 5, China banned most imports of North Korean coal and iron ore, the country's main exports, in a significant increase in pressure on the North under UN sanctions against its nuclear and missile tests.
    (AP, 4/5/16)
2016        Apr 5, Thirteen North Koreans working at a restaurant in China defected. They traveled to a Southeast Asian country before being flown to South Korea.
    (AP, 4/8/16)(AP, 4/11/16)

2016        Apr 11, South Korea said two senior North Korean officials, including an army colonel specializing in espionage against the South, defected to South Korea last year.
    (Reuters, 4/11/16)

2016        Apr 15, A North Korea missile launch meant to celebrate the birthday of the country’s founder ended in failure, an embarrassing setback in what was reportedly the inaugural test of a new, powerful mid-range missile.
    (AP, 4/15/16)

2016        Apr 23, North Korea fired a submarine-launched ballistic missile off its east coast. North Korea will hold a rare congress of its ruling Workers' Party in early May for the first time in 36 years where its leader Kim Jong Un is expected to proclaim the country was a strong military power and a nuclear state.
    (Reuters, 4/23/16)

2016        Apr 28, Two suspected powerful intermediate-range North Korean missiles failed to launch, bringing the total to three apparent failures in recent weeks.
    (AP, 4/28/16)

2016        Apr 29, North Korea's Supreme Court sentenced Kim Dong Chul (62), a Korean American man, to 10 years hard labor for subversion.
    (Reuters, 4/29/16)

2016        May 6, North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un (33) opened the Seventh Workers' Party Congress, the country’s biggest political gathering in 36 years.
    (AP, 5/6/16)
2016        May 6, North Korea detained BBC journalist Rupert Wingfield-Hayes along with a BBC producer and cameraman and ordered their expulsion over his reporting as a large group of foreign reporters cover a rare congress of the country’s ruling Workers’ Party. On May 9 the three were on their way to the airport in Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 5/9/16)

2016        May 8, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said his country will not use its nuclear weapons unless its sovereignty is invaded and announced a five-year economic plan at a milestone congress of North Korea's ruling party, which entered its third day.
    (AP, 5/8/16)

2016        May 10, Thousands of ecstatic North Koreans joined a mass rally and parade as leader Kim Jong Un capped off the consolidation of his power at a ruling party congress at which he formalized its claim to be a nuclear weapons power.
    (Reuters, 5/10/16)

2016        May 13, A North Korean coast guard ship detained a Russian yacht with a crew of five people. Russia's Foreign Ministry sent a note to Pyongyang demanding explanation for the cause of the detention. The yacht was released on May 15.
    (Reuters, 5/14/16)(AFP, 5/15/16)

2016        May 14, UN experts said Congolese army officers and police reported receiving pistols from a group of 30 North Korean instructors training their presidential guard and special police forces, which would appear to be a violation of UN sanctions banning Pyongyang from exporting weapons or providing military training.
    (AP, 5/13/16)

2016        May 24, South Korean officials said an unspecified number of North Koreans working at a Pyongyang-run restaurant overseas have escaped their workplace and will come to South Korea. The announcement came after South Korean media reported that two or three female employees at a North Korean-run restaurant in China fled and went to an unidentified Southeast Asian country earlier this month.
    (AP, 5/24/16)

2016        May 27, The EU announced additional sanctions against North Korea because of the regime’s continued nuclear and missile testing programs.
    (SFC, 5/28/16, p.A2)

2016        May 29, Uganda and South Korea signed cooperation agreements on the 2nd day of a visit by South Korean leader Park Geun-hye. The memorandums of understanding in areas such as health and education were signed at the State House in Entebbe. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said his country would halt security and military cooperation with North Korea.
    (AP, 5/29/16)(Reuters, 5/29/16)

2016        May 31, North Korea attempted to fire a missile from its east coast but the launch appears to have failed.
    (Reuters, 5/31/16)

2016        Jun 7, A senior US State Department official said North Korea has restarted production of plutonium fuel, showing that it plans to pursue its nuclear weapons program in defiance of international sanctions. The assessment came a day after the UN nuclear watchdog said it had “indications" that Pyongyang has reactivated a plant to recover plutonium from spent reactor fuel at Yongbyon, its main nuclear complex.
    (Reuters, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 22, North Korea took a significant step in the development of a powerful ballistic missile intended to reach US bases in the Pacific, launching one of the weapons about 1,000 km (620 miles) high after five failed attempts in recent months.
    (AP, 6/22/16)
2016        Jun 22, In China  a six-nation security forum opened in Beijing as a multilateral forum involving high-level policymakers, defense ministry officials, military officers, and researchers from China, Japan, North and South Korea, Russia, and the United States.
    (AP, 6/22/16)

2016        Jul 1, It was reported that Namibia has told two North Korean companies that their services are no longer needed in the southern Africa country while UN sanctions against Pyongyang remain in place over its nuclear and missile tests.
    (AP, 7/1/16)

2016        Jul 6, The United States sanctioned North Korean leader Kim Jong Un for the first time, citing "notorious abuses of human rights".
    (Reuters, 7/7/16)

2016        Jul 9, North Korea fired a ballistic missile from a submarine but according to South Korea it appeared to have failed soon after launch.
    (Reuters, 7/9/16)

2016        Jul 11, North Korea said it has told the United States it will sever the only channel of communication between them, at the United Nations in New York, after Washington blacklisted leader Kim Jong Un last week for human rights abuses.
    (Reuters, 7/11/16)

2016        Jul 15, North Korea presented to media a man it alleges is a South Korean spy who tried to enter the North to kidnap children. Detainee Ko Hyon Chol (53) said he apologized for a crime he called "unforgivable." He was arrested May 27 on an island in the Amnok River which runs along the border between North Korea and China.
    (AP, 7/15/16)

2016        Jul 19, North Korea fired three ballistic missiles into its eastern sea in an apparent protest of South Korea's decision to allow the deployment of an advanced US missile defense system in the country.
    (AP, 7/19/16)

2016        Jul 22, South Korea's central bank said North Korea's economy shrank 1.1 percent last year, in its first contraction in five years.
    (AP, 7/22/16)

2016        Jul 27, Ukraine revoked a Soviet-era deal that allowed visa-free travel for North Koreans.
    (Reuters, 8/31/16)

2016        Jul, In North Korea executed vice premier for education Kim Yong-Jin (71) by a firing squad for showing disrespect during a meeting presided over by leader Kim Jong-Un, after reports that he fell asleep.
    (AFP, 8/31/16)
2016        Jul, In Spain Alejandro Cao de Benos opened the Pyongyang Café in Tarragona, a small bar founded to support Kim Jong-Un's strongman rule.
    (AFP, 8/7/16)

2016        Aug 3, The United States and Japan called for the urgent talks after North Korea’s launch of a ballistic missile that for the first time landed in Japanese-controlled waters.
    (AFP, 8/3/16)

2016        Aug 17, South Korea said Thae Yong Ho, North Korea's deputy ambassador in London, has defected with his family to South Korea, making him the highest-ranking Pyongyang diplomat ever to flee the isolated regime for the democratic South.
    (Reuters, 8/17/16)

2016        Aug 20, North Korean state media accused diplomat Thae Yong Ho, who defected from Britain to South Korea, of fleeing to escape punishment for a variety of crimes, including child rape. KCNA news said “the fugitive was ordered in June to be summoned for embezzling a lot of state funds, selling state secrets and committing child rape."
    (Reuters, 8/20/16)

2016        Aug 23, South Korea’s Yonhap news agency reported that North Korea has laid landmines in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between the two Koreas, after the start of annual US-South Korean military exercises.
    (Reuters, 8/23/16)

2016        Aug 24, South Korea said a ballistic missile fired from a North Korean submarine flew about 500 km (310 miles), the longest distance achieved by the North for such a weapon. The missile flew at a high trajectory and has a range of more than 1,000 km (620 miles) at a normal angle.
    (AP, 8/24/16)(Reuters, 8/24/16)

2016        Sep 11, The North Korean government called American threats of additional sanctions in response to its nuclear ambitions "laughable" and "meaningless".

2016        Sep 12, China's main border post with reclusive North Korea was packed with trucks carrying everything from bricks to exhaust pipes, as it re-opened for business for the first time since Pyongyang angered the world with its fifth nuclear test.
    (Reuters, 9/12/16)

2016        Sep, South Korea first discovered a hacking attack of its military computer network by North Korea. In 2017 it was revealed that a vast cache of stolen data included classified wartime contingency plans jointly drawn by Washington and Seoul.
    (SFC, 10/11/17, p.A2)

2016        Oct 1, South Korean President Park Geun-Hye called on North Koreans to abandon their country and defect, just a day after a soldier walked across the heavily fortified border into the South.
    (AFP, 10/1/16)

2016        Oct 27, Senior officials from the United States, Japan and South Korea agreed to step up pressure on North Korea as they stick to their goal of persuading the communist state to abandon its nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 10/27/16)

2016        Oct 29, A senior US official said China's imports of North Korean coal run counter to global sanctions, adding that a US missile system deployed in South Korea should "motivate" Beijing to pressure Pyongyang over its nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)

2016        Nov 15, A key UN committee approved a resolution condemning North Korea's "systematic, widespread and gross violations of human rights" and encouraging the Security Council to refer the country to the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 30, The United Nations Security Council imposed new sanctions on North Korea aimed at cutting the Asian country's annual export revenue by a quarter in response to Pyongyang's fifth and largest nuclear test in September.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)

2016        Dec 2, The United States blacklisted seven people and 16 North Korean companies for ties to the North Korean government or its nuclear and weapons programs, the US Treasury said in a statement.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 8, A senior US military official said North Korea now has the capability to launch a nuclear weapon, adding that while the US believes Pyongyang can mount a warhead on a missile, it's not clear that it can hit a target.
    (AP, 12/9/16)

2016        Dec 19, In South Korea high-profile North Korean defector Thae Yong Ho told South Korean lawmakers that he fled because of disillusionment with what he describes as a "tyrannical reign of terror" by leader Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 12/19/16)

2017        Jan 9, In North Korea seven miners were initially trapped after the collapse at the Unryul mine, a leading iron ore producer in the country's southwest. One miner was rescued 10 days later but six others were found dead.
    (AP, 3/20/17)

2017        Jan 26, China released a new list of items banned for export to North Korea, ranging from wind tunnels to plutonium, following a new round of United Nations sanctions and complaints from US President Donald Trump that Beijing was not doing enough to pressure its communist neighbor.
    (AP, 1/26/17)

2017        Feb 3, US President Donald Trump's defense secretary warned North Korea of an "effective and overwhelming" response if it chose to use nuclear weapons, as he reassured South Korea of steadfast US support.
    (Reuters, 2/3/17)

2017        Feb 11, North Korea launched a missile from an area called Panghyon in its western region just before 8 a.m. (2300 GMT Saturday). It flew about 500 km (300 miles). Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe called the launch "absolutely intolerable" and said North Korea must comply with UN Security Council resolutions. Pres. Trump speaking alongside Abe said that the USA is behind Japan, our great ally, 100 percent.
    (Reuters, 2/12/17)

2017        Feb 13, In Malaysia Kim Jong Nam (46), the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, was assassinated at an airport in Kuala Lumpur, telling medical workers before he died en route to a hospital that he had been attacked with a chemical spray, later identified as the VX nerve agent.  South Korean media said North Korean female agents killed him using poisoned needles. Jong-Nam had reportedly travelled using a fake passport under the name of Kim Chol.
    (AP, 2/14/17)(AFP, 2/14/17)(Econ, 3/4/17, p.29)

2017        Feb 15, North Korean officials spent hours trying to talk Malaysia out of conducting an autopsy on Kim Jong Un's estranged half-brother, who was murdered at Kuala Lumpur airport on Feb 13.
    (Reuters, 2/15/17)

2017        Feb 17, North Korea said it would "categorically reject" the post mortem conducted by Malaysia on one of its citizens who died in Kuala Lumpur this week, and demanded that the body of Kim Jong Nam be released immediately.
    (Reuters, 2/17/17)
2017        Feb 17, Indonesia's national police chief said Siti Aisyah, the Indonesian woman arrested for suspected involvement in the killing of the North Korean leader's half-brother in Malaysia, was duped into thinking she was part of a comedy show prank.
    (AP, 2/17/17)

2017        Feb 17, Malaysian police arrested a North Korean man, identified as Ri Jong Chol (b.1970), in connection with the murder of Kim Jong Nam, the estranged half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Malaysia performed a second autopsy on Nam after the first proved inconclusive and a diplomatic spat over his body escalated.
    (Reuters, 2/18/17)(SFC, 2/18/17, p.A2)

2017        Feb 18, China announced that it will temporarily stop its imports of coal from North Korea for the rest of this year (including coal for which customs applications have been made but not yet processed). China will suspend all imports of coal from North Korea starting Feb. 19 as part of its efforts to implement UN sanctions against the country.
    (AFP, 2/18/17)(Reuters, 2/19/17)

2017        Feb 19, Malaysian police said four North Korean suspects in the murder of Kim Jong Nam, the estranged half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, fled Malaysia on the day he was attacked at Kuala Lumpur airport and apparently killed by a fast-acting poison.
    (Reuters, 2/19/17)

2017        Feb 24, Malaysian police said sometime in the hours after poisoning Kim Jong Nam, the half-brother of North Korea's leader, one of his two attackers began to vomit. It was apparently an early indication of the immensely powerful toxin that was used in the killing: the chemical warfare agent VX.
    (AP, 2/24/17)

2017        Feb 27, South Korean police said four of the eight North Koreans, identified as suspects in the Feb 13 assassination of Kim Jong Nam in Malaysia, were agents from North Korea’s Ministry of State Security.
    (SFC, 2/28/17, p.A3)

2017        Mar 3, Malaysian officials said they have deported Ri Jong Chol, a North Korean man, who was released from custody after police found insufficient evidence to charge him in the Feb 13 murder of Kim Jong Nam, the half-brother of North Korea's leader.
    (AP, 3/3/17)

2017        Mar 4, Malaysia expelled North Korea's ambassador for refusing to apologize for his strong accusations over Malaysia's handling of the investigation into the killing of the North Korean leader's half-brother.
    (AP, 3/4/17)
2017        Mar 4, The annual report by a UN panel of experts on North Korea said North Korean weapons barred by UN sanctions have ended up in the hands of UN peacekeepers in Africa.
    (AP, 3/4/17)

2017        Mar 6, North Korea fired four banned ballistic missiles that flew about 1,000 km (620 miles) on average, with three of them landing in waters that Japan claims as its exclusive economic zone. The EU condemned North Korea for firing four banned ballistic missiles and said it would consult with Japan and international partners on how to react.
    (AP, 3/6/17)
2017        Mar 6, North Korea said it has ordered Malaysia's ambassador out of the country in a tit-for-tat after Malaysia expelled North Korea's envoy over the death of Kim Jong Nam at Kuala Lumpur's airport.
    (AP, 3/6/17)

2017        Mar 7, North Korea closed its borders to Malaysians who want to leave the country, spurring Malaysia to issue a retaliatory order and drawing hundreds of ordinary people into an increasingly bitter diplomatic battle over the killing of an exiled member of North Korea's ruling family. 11 Malaysian citizens were prevented from flying home.
    (AP, 3/7/17)(Econ, 3/11/17, p.40)

2017        Mar 8, China's foreign minister said that North Korea could suspend its nuclear and missile activities in exchange for a halt in joint US-South Korea military drills, in an unusually public proposal that analysts said showed Beijing's growing alarm over the tensions.
    (AP, 3/8/17)
2017        Mar 8, Kim Han Sol (21), a man claiming to be the son of the slain, estranged half-brother of North Korea's leader, said he was lying low with his mother and sister, in a video posted online by a group that said it helped rescue them following the murder a month ago. His location was not disclosed.
    (Reuters, 3/8/17)

2017        Mar 9, North Korea guaranteed the safety of Malaysians banned from leaving the country, as two Malaysian UN employees left the isolated state in a possible sign that diplomatic tensions had begun to settle. Nine other Malaysians were believed to still be stuck there after the two countries' diplomatic relations broke down over the Feb 13 killing in Malaysia of the estranged sibling of North Korea's leader.
    (Reuters, 3/9/17)(AP, 3/9/17)

2017        Mar 14, Malaysia said that the body of Kim Jong Nam, the brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un killed last month, has been embalmed and that about 50 North Koreans whose work permits have expired will be deported.
    (SFC, 3/15/17, p.A3)

2017        Mar 17, In South Korea US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said US policy of strategic patience with North Korea's nuclear and missile programs has ended, warning that military action would be "on the table" if Pyongyang elevated the threat level.
    (Reuters, 3/17/17)
2017        Mar 17, SWIFT, a messaging network for cross-border payments, suspended services for four remaining North Korean banks. Earlier this month SWIFT was obliged to exclude three North Korean banks that were under UN sanctions.
    (Econ, 3/25/17, p.63)

2017        Mar 22, North Korea's latest missile launch ended in failure.
    (AP, 3/22/17)

2017        Mar 24, The United States State Department said it has imposed sanctions on 30 foreign companies or individuals for transferring sensitive technology to Iran for its missile program or for violating export controls on Iran, North Korea and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/24/17)

2017        Mar 28, Air Koryo, North Korea's national carrier, connected Pyongyang with the northeastern Chinese city of Dandong on a twice-weekly inaugural flight.
    (Reuters, 3/28/17)

2017        Mar 30, Malaysia said it has agreed to release the body of Kim Jong Nam to North Korea in exchange for the return of nine Malaysians held in the North's capital.
    (AP, 3/30/17)

2017        Apr 5, North Korea conducted another ballistic missile test in defiance of UN sanctions. The projectile went about 37 miles into the East Sea.
    (SFC, 4/5/17, p.A4)

2017        Apr 6, The European Union expanded sanctions against North Korea over the country's nuclear tests and launches of ballistic missiles. The new sanctions are aimed at the country's metalworking, aerospace and arms-related industries, and services in computing, mining, chemicals and refining.
    (Reuters, 4/6/17)

2017        Apr 7, President Donald Trump pressed Chinese President Xi Jinping to do more to curb North Korea's nuclear program and help reduce the gaping US trade deficit with Beijing in talks as he toned down the strident anti-China rhetoric of his election campaign.
    (Reuters, 4/8/17)

2017        Apr 10, China and South Korea agreed to slap tougher sanctions on North Korea if it carries out nuclear or long-range missile tests, as a US Navy strike group headed to the region in a show of force.
    (Reuters, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 14, North Korea staged a massive rally and military parade to mark the 105th anniversary of its national founder, Kim Il Sung.
    (AP, 4/15/17)

2017        Apr 16, A North Korean medium-range missile exploded seconds after it was launched and hours before the arrival of US Vice President Mike Pence in South Korea.
    (AP, 4/16/17)

2017        Apr 18, Malaysia said 296 North Koreans had surrendered to authorities over the last week, as it enforces new visa requirements following a dispute over the murder of the half-brother of North Korea's leader.
    (Reuters, 4/18/17)

2017        Apr 21, In North Korea car users in Pyongyang scrambled to fill up their tanks as gas stations began limiting services or even closing amid concerns of a spreading shortage. Beijing has reportedly been tightening its enforcement of international sanctions aimed at getting Pyongyang to abandon its development of nuclear weapons and long-range missiles.
    (AP, 4/21/17)   

2017        Apr 22, North Korea detained Tony Kim (aka Kim Sang Dok), a US citizen, bringing to three the number of Americans now being held there. Kim (58) had taught accounting at the Pyongyang University of Science and Technology for about a month. On May 3 the state-run KCNA news agency said he was arrested for committing "hostile criminal acts with an aim to subvert the country".
    (AP, 4/23/17)(Reuters, 5/3/17)

2017        Apr 23, China's foreign minister called for the complete denuclearization of the Korean peninsula amid rising tension over North Korea's missile and nuclear programs.
    (AFP, 4/23/17)

2017        Apr 26, The Trump administration told lawmakers it will apply economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea to dismantle its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 4/27/17)

2017        Apr 28, The US urged the UN Security Council to increase economic pressure on North Korea over its nuclear weapons program and to lean on China to turn the screws on its wayward ally.
    (AP, 4/28/17)

2017        Apr 29, A North Korean mid-range ballistic missile apparently failed shortly after launch. The third test-fire flop just this month was a clear message of defiance as a U.S. supercarrier conducts drills in nearby waters.
    (AP, 4/29/17)

2017        Apr, North Korea's global coal exports sunk to zero this month, as China choked off imports from Pyongyang to ramp up pressure on its nuclear-armed neighbor.
    (AFP, 6/9/17)
2017        Apr, Miniso, a Chinese home-goods store, opened a store in Pyongyang, North Korea, eight months after its first South Korean store began operating. Miniso opened its first in Guangzhou, China, in 2013.
    (Econ 6/24/17, p.59)

2017        May 1, President Donald Trump opened the door to a future meeting with North Korea's Kim Jong Un, offering unusual praise for the globally ostracized leader at a time of surging nuclear tensions.
    (AP, 5/2/17)

2017        May 4, China said it wants to be good neighbors with North Korea, after the isolated country's state news agency published a rare criticism of Chinese state media commentaries calling for tougher sanctions over the North's nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 5/4/17)

2017        May 5, North Korea accused the US Central Intelligence Agency and South Korea's intelligence service of a plot to attack its "supreme leadership" with a bio-chemical weapon and said such a "pipe-dream" could never succeed.
    (Reuters, 5/5/17)

2017        May 6, North Korea detained Kim Hak Song, an American citizen employed at the Pyongyang University of Science and Technology, over unspecified hostile acts against the country.
    (AP, 5/7/17)

2017        May 12, North Korea sent a rare letter of protest to the US House of Representatives warning that a new package of tougher sanctions would only spur its development of nuclear weapons.
    (Reuters, 5/12/17)

2017        May 14, North Korea launched another ballistic missile that flew for 30 minutes before dropping into the sea between North Korea's east coast and Japan.
    (Reuters, 5/14/17)

2017        May 16, Cybersecurity researchers said they have found evidence that could link North Korea with the WannaCry cyber-attack that has infected more than 300,000 computers worldwide, as global authorities scrambled to prevent hackers from spreading new versions of the virus.
    (Reuters, 5/16/17)

2017        May 17, North Korea launched a ferry service to the Russian city of Vladivostok to develop links and boost economic cooperation.
    (Reuters, 5/17/17)

2017        May 21, North Korea fired a medium-range missile that flew eastward about 500 km (310 miles) before landing in the sea.
    (AP, 5/22/17)

2017        May 22, North Korea said it is ready to start mass-producing a new medium-range missile after a weekend test-launch confirmed its combat readiness.
    (AP, 5/22/17)

2017        May 23, South Korea's military fired warning shots at a suspected drone from North Korea amid tension over Pyongyang's latest missile test which drew international condemnation and a warning from China. A day later South Korea's military said the unidentified object was probably a balloon carrying Pyongyang's propaganda leaflets.
    (AP, 5/23/17)(AP, 5/24/17)

2017        May 26, In Sicily US President Donald Trump and Japanese PM Shinzo Abe agreed to expand sanctions against North Korea for its continued development of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 5/26/17)(Reuters, 5/26/17)

2017        May 29, North Korea test-fired a suspected Scud-type short-range missile. It flew about 450 km (280 miles) before landing in Japan's maritime economic zone, setting off the usual round of condemnation from Washington and the North's neighbors.
    (AP, 5/29/17)

2017        May, North Korean architect Choe Song Chon died. His work included the May Day Stadium in Pyongyang, the biggest in the world.
    (Econ 6/10/17, p.41)

2017        Jun 2, Premier Li Keqiang said China is opposed to Pyongyang's missile launches and will support any new United Nations sanctions against the country.
    (Reuters, 6/2/17)

2017        Jun 8, North Korea launched several suspected surface to ship cruise missiles from the North Korean eastern coastal town of Wonsan. They likely flew about 200 km (125 miles) and landed in waters between the Korean Peninsula and Japan.
    (AP, 6/8/17)(SFC, 6/9/17, p.A3)
2017        Jun 8, The European Union announced expanded its sanctions against North Korea adding 14 more people to an asset freeze and travel ban because of the country's continuing work on nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 6/8/17)

2017        Jun 13, North Korea released Otto Warmbier (22), a Univ. of Virginia college student who was serving a 15-year prison term with hard labor for alleged anti-state acts. North Korea announced Warmbier's arrest in late January 2016, saying he committed an anti-state crime with "the tacit connivance of the US government and under its manipulation." The announcement that came as former NBA player Dennis Rodman was paying a return visit to Pyongyang. Wambier returned to his home state of Ohio in a coma suffering a "severe neurological injury," and has been in a coma for more than a year.
    (AP, 6/13/17)(AP, 6/15/17)

2017        Jun 15, Flamboyant US basketball star Dennis Rodman handed over a copy of Donald Trump's "The Art of the Deal" to a North Korean minister, along with a whole host of other off-the-wall goodies.
    (AFP, 6/15/17)

2017        Jun 16, North Korea lashed out at international sanctions over its nuclear and missile programs, saying they are being used to block everything from frozen chicken to swimming flippers.
    (AP, 6/16/17)
2017        Jun 16, US officials reportedly seized a diplomatic package from the North Korean delegation at John F. Kennedy International Airport as the diplomats were about to fly home. The North Korean delegation was in New York to attend the Conference of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
    (AFP, 6/18/17)

2017        Jun 19, In Ohio Otto Warmbier (22) died in a Cincinnati hospital following his June 13 release by North Korea.
    (AP, 6/20/17)

2017        Jun 24, Chinese state media said China and the United States agreed that efforts to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula should be "complete, verifiable and irreversible", reporting the results of high level talks in Washington this week.
    (Reuters, 6/24/17)
2017        Jun 24, South Korean President Moon Jae-in invited North Korea to the 2018 Winter Olympic Games, saying sports could serve as a peace maker.
    (AFP, 6/24/17)

2017        Jun 28, North Korea said it has issued a standing order for the execution of former South Korean President Park Geun-hye and her spy chief for a plot to assassinate its leader, and it demanded that the South hand the pair over.
    (Reuters, 6/28/17)

2017        Jun 30, Pres. Donald Trump met at the White House with South Korean President Moon Jae-in. Trump says that he will start to reduce the US trade deficit by renegotiating a trade deal with South Korea. Trump called for a determined response to North Korea after talks with Moon Jae-in where he stressed the importance of their alliance but took aim at Seoul over trade and sharing the cost of defense.
    (AP, 6/30/17)(Reuters, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 4, North Korea claimed it successfully test-launched its first intercontinental ballistic missile, a potential game-changing development in what may be the world's most dangerous nuclear standoff. The Hwasong-14 missile reached an altitude of 1,500 miles and covered about 580 miles.
    (AP, 7/4/17)(SFC, 7/5/17, p.A2)(Econ 7/8/17, p.33)

2017        Jul 5, US President Donald Trump denounced China's trade with North Korea and cast doubt on whether Beijing is working with Washington to counter the North Korean nuclear threat.
    (Reuters, 7/5/17)

2017        Jul 8, Chinese President Xi Jinping stressed to US President Donald Trump China's adherence to resolving the North Korean nuclear issue via talks according to state news agency Xinhua.
    (Reuters, 7/9/17)

2017        Jul 9, The leaders of Sweden and Japan demanded that North Korea halts missile tests, and pledged increased cooperation in the UN as PM Shinzo Abe met with PM Stefan Lofven in Helsinki.
    (AP, 7/9/17)

2017        Jul 12, It was reported that the Russian city of Vladivostok has embraced cheap North Korean painters. Human rights groups said most of the laborer’s earnings are confiscated by the state.
    (SFC, 7/12/17, p.A3)

2017        Jul 17, South Korea proposed military talks with North Korea, the first formal overture to Pyongyang by the government of President Moon Jae-in, to discuss ways to avoid hostile acts near the heavily militarized border.
    (Reuters, 7/17/17)

2017        Jul 19, A report by a Seoul-based non-government group said North Korea carries out public executions on river banks and at school grounds and marketplaces for charges such as stealing copper from factory machines, distributing media from South Korea and prostitution.
    (Reuters, 7/19/17)

2017        Jul 21, Young Pioneer Tours said the United States will bar Americans from travelling to North Korea as of July 27, a month after a US tourist, student Otto Warmbier, died following his imprisonment by Pyongyang. Warmbier (22) died after being medically evacuated to the United States suffering from severe brain damage. He had spent 18 months in captivity in North Korea.
    (AFP, 7/21/17)
2017        Jul 21, The UN reported that North Korea is suffering its worst drought in 16 years.
    (SFC, 7/22/17, p.A2)

2017        Jul 28, North Korea launched another intercontinental ballistic missile. The Hwasong-14 missile reached a maximum height of 3,725 km (2,314 miles) and traveled 998 km (620 miles) before accurately landing in waters off Japan.
    (AP, 7/29/17)
2017        Jul 28, Japan said it will freeze the assets of five organizations and nine individuals linked to North Korea, including two Chinese entities.
    (Reuters, 7/28/17)

2017        Jul 30, The United States flew two supersonic B-1B bombers over the Korean peninsula in a show of force after Pyongyang's recent tests of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM).
    (Reuters, 7/30/17)

2017        Aug 1, It was reported that the number of North Koreans slipping illegally into Thailand has surged in recent months. An immigration official said an average of 20 to 30 North Koreans arrive each week now in northern Thailand alone.
    (Reuters, 8/1/17)

2017        Aug 5, The UN Security Council unanimously approved the sanctions on North Korea, including banning coal and other exports worth over $1 billion. The US-drafted measure, negotiated with China, aimed at increasing economic pressure on Pyongyang to return to negotiations on its nuclear and missile programs.
    (AP, 8/6/17)

2017        Aug 6, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, on the sidelines of the ASEAN meeting in Manila, urged his North Korean counterpart to abide by UN resolutions and stop provoking "the international community's goodwill" with missile launches and nuclear tests.
    (AP, 8/6/17)

2017        Aug 9, North Korea said it was "carefully examining" a plan to strike Guam, which is home to about 163,000 people and a US military base that includes a submarine squadron, an airbase and a Coast Guard group.
    (Reuters, 8/9/17)
2017        Aug 8, Pres. Donald Trump issued his strongest warning yet for North Korea in comments to reporters in New Jersey, saying that "North Korea best not make any more threats to the US. They will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen".
    (AP, 8/9/17)

2017        Aug 9, North Korea freed Hyeon Soo Lim, a Canadian pastor serving a life sentence there, on humanitarian grounds, just hours after the United States warned it would counter any threat from the North with "fire and fury".
    (Reuters, 8/9/17)

2017        Aug 10, North Korea dismissed warnings by US President Donald Trump that it would face "fire and fury" if it threatened the United States and outlined detailed plans on for a missile strike near the US Pacific territory of Guam.
    (Reuters, 8/10/17)
2017        Aug 10, The European Union said it has added nine people and four entities to its North Korea sanctions list, as part of new United Nations measures in the wake of Pyongyang's latest missile tests.
    (Reuters, 8/10/17)
2017        Aug 10, Kuwait said it will continue to grant visas to North Korean laborers whose wages allegedly aid Pyongyang in evading international sanctions.
    (AP, 8/10/17)

2017        Aug 14, China's Commerce Ministry issued a ban effective Aug 15 on several imports from North Korea, including coal, iron ore, lead concentrates and ore, lead and seafood, a move that is in line with UN sanctions announced this month.
    (Reuters, 8/14/17)

2017        Aug 15, North Korean state media said leader Kim Jong Un has delayed a decision on firing missiles towards Guam while he waits to see what the United States does next, as South Korea's president said Seoul would seek to prevent war by all means. North Korea's military presented Kim Jong Un with plans to launch missiles into waters near Guam and "wring the windpipes of the Yankees," even as both Koreas and the United States signaled their willingness to avert a deepening crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/15/17)(AP, 8/15/17)

2017        Aug 17, Chile said it is rejecting a US request to break off all diplomatic and commercial ties with North Korea that was made by Vice President Mike Pence during a visit to the South American nation. Commercial trade between Chile and North Korea is just $27 million a year, about $25 million of which is Chilean imports.
    (AP, 8/17/17)

2017        Aug 21, South Korean and US forces began computer-simulated military exercises amid tension over North Korea's weapons programs.
    (Reuters, 8/21/17)
2017        Aug 21, A confidential UN report, seen by Reuters today, found North Korea evaded UN sanctions by "deliberately using indirect channels" to export banned commodities and had generated $270 million since February.
    (Reuters, 8/21/17)

2017        Aug 22, US Treasury officials said the United States is imposing sanctions on Chinese and Russian companies and individuals for supporting North Korean weapons programs, including those dealing in Pyongyang's energy trade and helping North Korean entities gain access to the US and international finance system.
    (Reuters, 8/22/17)

2017        Aug 25, The UN nuclear watchdog (IAEA) said in an annual report that North Korea has increased its efforts to produce parts for a new nuclear reactor it is building while continuing to operate the main existing one that provides fuel for its atom bombs.
    (Reuters, 8/25/17)

2017        Aug 26, North Korea fired several rockets into the sea in the continuation of its rapid nuclear and missile expansion, prompting South Korea to press ahead with military drills involving U.S. troops that have angered Pyongyang.
    (AP, 8/26/17)

2017        Aug 29, North Korea fired a ballistic missile designed to carry a nuclear payload that flew over Japan and splashed into the northern Pacific Ocean.  US President Donald Trump said North Korea had signaled its "contempt for its neighbors" and that "all options are on the table" in terms of a US response. The foreign ministers of Russia and the United Arab Emirates urged North Korea to stop its provocations and obey UN resolutions.
    (AP, 8/29/17)

2017        Aug 30, North Korean state media said Kim Jong Un has called for more weapons launches targeting the Pacific Ocean to advance his country's ability to contain Guam.
    (AP, 8/30/17)
2017        Aug 30, The United States called for "concerted action" by the international community to pressure North Korea into abandoning its banned nuclear and missile programs by fully enforcing economic sanctions.
    (Reuters, 8/30/17)

2017        Sep 3, North Korea released photos of leader Kim Jong Un next to what it described as a H-bomb for an ICBM, then actually detonating a device underground in its sixth and by far most powerful nuclear test to date. Chinese seismologists later concluded that North Korea's underground nuclear test site partially collapsed following the massive bomb blast, making it unusable. The blast triggered a 6.3-magnitude earthquake that was felt across the northern border with China.
    (AP, 9/3/17)(Econ, 9/9/17, p.36)(AP, 4/25/18)

2017        Sep 5, South Korean warships conducted live-fire exercises at sea in a second straight day of military swagger from a nation still rattled by the North's biggest-ever nuclear test.
    (AP, 9/5/17)

2017        Sep 9, North Korea's state media marked the nation's founding anniversary with calls for a nuclear arms buildup, in defiance of mounting international sanctions.
    (AFP, 9/9/17)

2017        Sep 11, South Korea's Yonhap news agency reported that Egypt's defense minister, on a visit to Seoul, announced that his country has cut military ties with North Korea.
    (AP, 9/12/17)
2017        Sep 11, The UN voted on a new resolution for the toughest sanctions ever on North Korea. UN experts have reported that North Korea illegally exported commodities worth at least $270 million to China and other countries over a six-month period ending in August. The council banned textile exports and capped imports of crude oil.
    (SFC, 9/11/17 p.A2)(AP, 9/12/17)

2017        Sep 12, North Korea condemned "vicious" new UN sanctions imposed over its sixth and largest nuclear test, warning it would make the US "suffer the greatest pain" it has ever experienced.
    (AP, 9/12/17)

2017        Sep 14, A North Korean state agency threatened to use nuclear weapons to "sink" Japan and reduce the United States to "ashes and darkness" for supporting a UN Security Council resolution and sanctions over its latest nuclear test.
    (Reuters, 9/14/17)

2017        Sep 15, North Korea conducted its longest-ever test flight of a ballistic missile, sending an intermediate-range weapon 2,300 miles over US ally Japan into the northern Pacific Ocean in a launch that signals both defiance to its rivals and a big technological advance.
    (AP, 9/15/17)(SFC, 9/16/17 p.A3)

2017        Sep 17, Kuwait said it has given North Korea's ambassador a month to leave the Gulf state and will downgrade its diplomatic representation with Pyongyang. A source said Kuwait will not renew permits given to North Korean workers to re-enter the country after projects they are currently working on are completed "within one or two years". Kuwait has also decided to stop issuing visas to North Koreans and suspend all trade relations and flight links with Pyongyang.
    (AFP, 9/17/17)

2017        Sep 21, President Donald Trump said the United States would be adding more sanctions on North Korea.
    (Reuters, 9/21/17)

2017        Sep 22, North Korea said it might test a hydrogen bomb over the Pacific Ocean after President Donald Trump vowed to destroy the reclusive country, with leader Kim Jong Un promising to make Trump pay dearly for his threats.
    (Reuters, 9/22/17)
2017        Sep 22, China’s commerce ministry said it will limit exports of refined petroleum products to North Korea starting October 1, confirming Beijing's participation in new UN sanctions intended to rein in its rogue neighbor.
    (AP, 9/23/17)

2017        Sep 23, In North Korea tens of thousands of Pyongyang residents gathered in the capital's Kim Il-Sung Square to laud leader Kim Jong-Un's denunciation of US President Donald Trump.
    (AFP, 9/23/17)

2017        Sep 26, US Pres. Donald Trump publicly accused Pyongyang of abusing the late 22-year-old Otto Warmbier, an allegation likely to heighten tensions between the two nuclear powers. The Trump administration slapped sanctions on eight North Korean banks and 26 bank workers living abroad.
    (AFP, 9/26/17)(SFC, 9/27/17, p.A3)

2017        Sep 30, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson disclosed that the United States was directly communicating with North Korea on its nuclear and missile programs but that Pyongyang had shown no interest in dialogue.
    (Reuters, 10/1/17)

2017        Oct 1, North Korea opened a second internet connection with the outside world, this time via Russia, a move which cyber security experts said could give Pyongyang greater capability to conduct cyber attacks. Dyn Research, which monitors international internet traffic flows, said it had seen Russian telecommunications company TransTeleCom routing North Korean traffic since about 0908 GMT today.
    (Reuters, 10/2/17)
2017        Oct 1, US President Donald Trump said that he told Sec. of State Rex Tillerson not to waste his time trying to negotiate with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 10/1/17)
2017        Oct 1, Italian Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano said North Korea's ambassador to Italy will be expelled from the country in protest over Pyongyang's recent nuclear and ballistic missile tests. Italy, however, would not sever its diplomatic relations with North Korea because he said it was useful to maintain a channel of communication.
    (Reuters, 10/1/17)

2017        Oct 4, US Senate leaders said that the US needs to keep products made by North Koreans out of the United States and get China to refuse to hire North Korean workers.
    (AP, 10/5/17)

2017        Oct 7, North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un promoted his sister to a senior ruling party post, and praised the country's nuclear weapons program which has sparked international alarm.
    (AFP, 10/8/17)

2017        Oct 12, The United Arab Emirates said it was ending the mission of North Korea's non-resident ambassador and terminating its own envoy's services in Pyongyang. The UAE will also stop issuing new visas or company licenses to North Korean citizens.
    (Reuters, 10/12/17)

2017        Oct 13, On four voyages between Oct. 13, 2017, and May 7, 2018, the Russian Tantal tanker gave its destination as the Chinese port of Ningbo when it set sail. It then met up in international waters with a North Korean vessel to which it transferred its cargo of fuel.
    (Reuters, 2/26/19)

2017        Oct 15, Russia resumed sea trips to isolated North Korea after a two-month break. The ferry line, the only one between the two countries, was opened in May to carry passengers, predominantly Chinese tourists, and cargoes. It stopped operating in August because the port in Vladivostok refused to provide services to the vessel after the company failed to pay for them.
    (Reuters, 10/16/17)
2017        Oct 15, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said that President Donald Trump had instructed him to continue diplomatic efforts to calm rising tensions with North Korea, saying "those diplomatic efforts will continue until the first bomb drops."
    (Reuters, 10/15/17)

2017        Oct 16, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin signed a decree imposing restrictions on North Korea in order to comply with a UN Security Council resolution introduced in response to Pyongyang's missile tests in late 2016.
    (Reuters, 10/16/17)

2017        Oct 17, US and Japanese diplomats agreed to maximize pressure on North Korea to resolve tensions over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/17/17)

2017        Oct 20, Uganda said it has expelled North Korean military experts and representatives of North Korean companies, including its top arms dealer, as African nations face growing pressure to comply with UN sanctions over Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 10/20/17)

2017        Oct 23, A UN committee said it has added 32 items that have both civilian and military use to a list of prohibited goods and technologies banned from sale or transfer to North Korea.
    (SFC, 10/24/17, p.A2)

2017        Oct 30, President Donald Trump and Japanese PM Shinzo Abe agreed by phone to work together on steps to counter North Korea's nuclear and missile development, ahead of the US leader's visit to Asia.
    (Reuters, 10/30/17)

2017        Oct 31, Japanese broadcaster TV Asahi said a tunnel at North Korea's nuclear test site collapsed after Pyongyang's sixth atomic test on September 3, possibly killing more than 200 people.
    (Reuters, 10/31/17)

2017        Nov 7, Sources said Chinese tour operators based in the border city of Dandong have been told to halt trips to the North Korean capital Pyongyang, the day before US President Donald Trump's first official visit to China.
    (Reuters, 11/7/17)

2017        Nov 8, Singapore suspended trade ties with North Korea in the latest move by a country to implement UN sanctions to curb Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/16/17)

2017        Nov 11, North Korea lashed out at Donald Trump's "warmonger's" tour of Asia as the US president landed in Hanoi on the latest leg of a five-nation regional visit to drum up support against Pyongyang's nuclear weapons build-up.
    (AFP, 11/11/17)

2017        Nov 12, US President Donald Trump said in a tweet that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had insulted him by calling him "old" and said he would never call Kim "short and fat".
    (Reuters, 11/12/17)

2017        Nov 16, The US said Sudan will cut all military and trade ties with North Korea. The announcement came after a visit to Khartoum by Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y7yq9het)(SFC, 11/18/17, p.A2)

2017        Nov 18, A senior Chinese envoy discussed regional concerns with officials in Pyongyang, as the US pressed China to help ease the standoff over the North's nuclear weapons.
    (AFP, 11/18/17)
2017        Nov 18, In Germany hundreds of people formed a human chain between the United States and North Korean embassies in downtown Berlin during a protest of the rising tensions and harsh words between the two nations.
    (AP, 11/18/17)

2017        Nov 20, A high-level Chinese envoy wrapped up a four-day trip to North Korea after meeting with top officials and discussing the tense state of affairs on the Korean Peninsula and other issues.
    (AP, 11/20/17)
2017        Nov 20, North Korea’s foreign minister arrived in Cuba, in search of support amid unprecedented pressure from the United States and the international community to cease its nuclear weapons and missile programs.
    (Reuters, 11/20/17)
2017        Nov 20, South Korea's spy agency told lawmakers that North Korea has punished two of its top military officers, including one widely seen as its second-most powerful official, during a highly unusual inspection of the military's powerful political bureau.
    (AP, 11/20/17)
2017        Nov 20, A UN human rights panel said on North Korean women are deprived of education and job opportunities and are often subjected to violence at home and sexual assault in the workplace.
    (Reuters, 11/20/17)

2017        Nov 20, US Pres. Donald Trump officially designated North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism.
    (SFC, 11/21/17, p.A4)

2017        Nov 21, China’s state-owned airline Air China suspended flights between Beijing and North Korea due to a lack of demand.
    (AP, 11/24/17)
2017        Nov 21, The Trump administration announced new sanctions on North Korea, after declaring it a state sponsor of terrorism.
    (AP, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 22, North Korea denounced US President Donald Trump's decision to relist it as a state sponsor of terrorism, calling it a "serious provocation and violent infringement."
    (Reuters, 11/22/17)

2017        Nov 23, Eight men were found on Japan's northern coast who said they are from North Korea and washed ashore after their boat broke down. Investigators believed the men are not defectors and wished to return home.
    (AP, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 24, China said it is temporarily closing its main road connection with North Korea. Foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said the China-North Korea Friendship Bridge across the Yalu River at the Chinese city of Dandong will be closed while North Korea repairs the approach road on its side.
    (AP, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 28, North Korea launched its most powerful weapon yet, claiming a new type of intercontinental ballistic missile, called the Hwasong-15, that some observers believe could reach Washington and the entire eastern US seaboard.
    (AP, 11/29/17)(SFC, 11/29/17, p.A3)
2017        Nov 29, President Donald Trump threatened new sanctions on North Korea after its most powerful missile test yet and urged China's leader "to use all available levers" to convince its wayward ally to "return to the path of denuclearization." Trump called on Chinese President Xi Jinping to exert Beijing's pressure on North Korea.
    (AP, 11/29/17)(Reuters, 11/29/17)
2017        Nov 29, Washington urged tough action at an emergency meeting of the Security Council held today to respond to North Korea's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). US Ambassador Nikki Haley’s call for nations to "cut off all ties with North Korea" was rejected by Moscow.
    (AFP, 11/30/17)

2017        Dec 4, In northern Japan three bodies of people believed to be North Koreans were recovered, two days after authorities found a dilapidated empty boat.
    (AP, 12/4/17)

2017        Dec 5, A senior UN official arrived in Pyongyang for a rare, four-day visit at the invitation of the North Korean government.
    (AP, 12/5/17)   

2017        Dec 9, Japanese police arrested three crew of a North Korean boat for stealing a generator from a hut on an uninhabited island.
    (AP, 12/9/17)
2017        Dec 9, Meeting in Oslo, Norway, representatives of the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), called on the US and North Korea to reduce tensions and end the "urgent threat" posed by weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 12/9/17)

2017        Dec 10, South Korean media reported that the government will impose new unilateral sanctions against nuclear-armed Pyongyang.
    (AFP, 12/10/17)

2017        Dec 11, China failed to stop the fourth annual UN Security Council meeting on human rights abuses in North Korea, saying it was not the right forum to discuss the issue and warning that it could further escalate tensions in the region.
    (Reuters, 12/11/17)
2017        Dec 11, South Korea added 20 North Korean groups, several banks and 12 individuals to its sanctions list in a largely symbolic move that is part of efforts to cut off funding for the North's weapons programs.
    (AP, 12/11/17)

2017        Dec 14, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called for urgent efforts to create conditions for talks on North Korea's growing missile and nuclear threat.
    (AP, 12/15/17)

2017        Dec 15, Japan froze the assets of 19 companies to step up pressure on North Korea to return Japanese citizens that it abducted in the 1970s and 1980s and to halt its nuclear weapons and missile development.
    (AP, 12/15/17)

2017        Dec 16, Australian police arrested Chan Han Choi (59), accused of working on the black market to sell missile components and coal on behalf of North Korea. Choi had been living in Australia for more than 30 years and was of Korean descent.
    (Reuters, 12/17/17)

2017        Dec 19, South Korean researchers said a series of recent cyber attacks has netted North Korean hackers millions of dollars in virtual currencies like bitcoin, with more attacks expected as international sanctions drive the country to seek new sources of cash. Bitcoin was trading at over $19,104 per bitcoin at one point today, up from less than $1,000 at the beginning of 2017. Youbit, a bitcoin exchange, announced it had suffered another cyber attack that cost it 17 percent of its assets, forcing the exchange to halt operations and file for bankruptcy.
    (Reuters, 12/19/17)
2017        Dec 19, Pres. Donald Trump's administration publicly blamed North Korea for a "careless and reckless" ransomware attack that infected hundreds of thousands of computers worldwide in May and crippled parts of Britain's National Health Service. Britain said North Korea's Lazarus hacking group was behind the 'WannaCry" cyber attack.
    (AP, 12/19/17)(Reuters, 12/19/17)

2017        Dec 21, South Korean soldiers fired 20 warning machine gun rounds, turning back North Korean soldiers apparently pursuing a comrade who had earlier dashed across the rivals' shared border. It is the fourth time this year a North Korean soldier has defected across the world's most heavily armed border.
    (AP, 12/21/17)

2017        Dec 22, The UN Security Council approved a US-drafted resolution ramping up sanctions on North Korea by restricting oil supplies vital for Pyongyang's missile and nuclear programs.
    (AFP, 12/22/17)(AP, 12/23/17)
2017        Dec 22, The US State Department re-designated China, Eritrea, Iran, Myanmar, North Korea, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as "countries of particular concern" under the International Religious Freedom Act for having engaged in or tolerated egregious violations of religious freedom.
    (AP, 1/4/18)

2017        Dec 24, North Korea called the latest UN sanctions to target the country "an act of war" that violates its sovereignty, and said it is a "pipe dream" for the United States to think it will give up its nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 12/24/17)
2017        Dec 24, A code for mining cryptocurrency was created and sent any mined coins to a server at a North Korean university, the latest sign that North Korea may be searching for new ways to infuse its economy with cash. The application uses host computers to mine a cryptocurrency called Monero. It then sends any coins to Kim Il Sung University in Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 1/8/18)

2017        Dec 26, The US Treasury Department issued sanctions against two officials it describes as "key leaders of North Korea's unlawful weapons programs." The sanctions against Kim Jong Sik and Ri Pyong Chol block them from any property or interests in property within US jurisdiction, and prohibit them from transactions with American citizens.
    (AP, 12/26/17)

2017        Dec 28, China blocked a US effort at the United Nations to blacklist six foreign-flagged ships following reports of illicit sales of oil products to North Korea.
    (Reuters, 12/31/17)
2017        Dec 28, Japanese authorities indicted the North Korean captain of a boat that drifted to its coast on charges of stealing a generator, appliances and other equipment from an uninhabited island. The captain and his nine crewmembers on a dilapidated boat were rescued near a tiny island off of Hokkaido, in late November.
    (AP, 12/28/17)
2017        Dec 28, South Korea said it "humbly accepts" there is no evidence North Korea diverted wages paid to its workers by South Korean firms in a now-closed border industrial park to bankroll its weapons programs as the previous government asserted.
    (Reuters, 12/28/17)

2017        Dec 29, South Korea said that it was holding a Hong Kong-flagged ship and its crew members for allegedly violating UN sanctions by transferring oil to a North Korean vessel on October 19.
    (AP, 12/29/17)

2017        Dec 30, Two senior Western European security sources said Russian tankers have supplied fuel to North Korea on at least three occasions in recent months by transferring cargoes at sea.
    (Reuters, 12/30/17)

2017        Dec 31, South Korean authorities said they have seized a Panama-flagged oil tanker suspected of evading international sanctions by trading with North Korea. The 5,100-ton KOTI was detained two weeks ago at the South's port of Pyeongtaek-Dangjin and its crew were being investigated over the alleged ship-to-ship transfers.
    (AFP, 12/31/17)

2017        The Cheollima Civil Defense, also known as Free Joseon, first went public, when it said it was protecting the family of Kim Jong Un's half-brother Kim Jong Nam, who was murdered this year in a Malaysian airport. In 2019 the group was implicated in a raid on North Korea's embassy in Spain.
    (Reuters, 3/27/19)
2017        A UN Security Council resolution demanded that all countries send home all North Korean workers by Dec. 22, 2019, to stop them earning foreign currency for North Korea's nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
    (Reuters, 1/23/20)

2018        Jan 2, South Korea proposed high-level talks with Pyongyang on January 9, after the North's leader Kim Jong-Un called for better relations and said his country might attend the Winter Olympics in the South.
    (AFP, 1/2/18)

2018        Jan 3, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un reopened a key cross-border communication channel with South Korea for the first time in nearly two years as the rivals explored the possibility of sitting down and talking after months of acrimony and fears of war.
    (AP, 1/3/18)

2018        Jan 5, North Korea agreed to hold official talks with the South next week, the first in more than two years, hours after the United States and South Korea delayed a military exercise amid a standoff over the North's nuclear and missile programs.
    (Reuters, 1/5/18)
2018        Jan 5, China tightened limits on critically important energy supplies to North Korea and stepped up other trade restrictions under intensified UN nuclear sanctions.
    (AP, 1/5/18)

2018        Jan 8, The rival Koreas took steps toward reducing their bitter animosity during rare talks, as North Korea agreed to send a delegation to next month's Winter Olympics in South Korea, hold talks on lowering tension along their border and reopen a military hotline.
    (AP, 1/9/18)(SFC, 1/9/ 18, p.A4)

2018        Jan 10, US President Donald Trump told his South Korean counterpart Moon Jae-in he is open to talking with North Korea as the two leaders spoke by telephone.
    (Israel, 1/10/18)

2018        Jan 13, The rival Koreas agreed that their talks next week will address a North Korean art troupe's visit to the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics in the South, rather than the participation of the nation's athletes.
    (AP, 1/14/18)

2018        Jan 15, The two Koreas met for the second time in a week as they try to hammer out details for the North's participation in next month's Games. The two sides agreed that North Korea's delegation to the Winter Olympics in South Korea will include a 140-member art troupe, while discussions continued over fielding a joint women's hockey team.
    (AP, 1/15/18)

2018        Jan 16, The United States and Canada co-hosted the day-long meeting in Vancouver to discuss ways to increase pressure on North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Twenty nations agreed to consider tougher sanctions to press North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons and US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson warned Pyongyang it could trigger a military response if it did not choose negotiations. China was not invited to the 20-nation conclave in Vancouver.
    (Reuters, 1/17/18)

2018        Jan 17, The rival Koreas agreed to form their first unified Olympic team and have their athletes parade together for the first time in 11 years during the opening ceremony of next month's Winter Olympics in South Korea.
    (AP, 1/17/18)

2018        Jan 20, The North Korean-flagged tanker "Rye Song Gang 1" - blacklisted by the UN last month for carrying banned cargo - was spotted by a Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force patrol plane with the Dominican-flagged tanker "Yuk Tung" tied up beside it in the East China Sea.
    (Reuters, 1/24/18)
2018        Jan 20, The International Olympic Committee North Korea will send 22 athletes to next month's Winter Games in the South, approving a landmark deal between two nations still officially at war.
    (AFP, 1/20/18)

2018        Jan 21, Hyon Song Wol, the head of a hugely popular North Korean girl band, crossed the heavily fortified border into South Korea as part of an official delegation, triggering a media frenzy as she checked potential venues for performances during next month's Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 1/21/18)

2018        Jan 22, The EU imposed travel bans and asset freezes on North Koreans accused of helping Pyongyang evade United Nations sanctions linked to the secretive country's nuclear and ballistic missile tests.
    (Reuters, 1/22/18)

2018        Jan 24, The United States tightened its economic crackdown on North Korea over its nuclear arms program, imposing sanctions on nine entities, 16 people and six ships it accused of helping Pyongyang develop weapons of mass destruction.
    (Reuters, 1/24/18)

2018        Jan 25, Female hockey players from the rival Koreas were paired up with each other to form their first-ever Olympic squad during next month's Pyeongchang Winter Games.
    (AP, 1/25/18)

2018        Jan 26, Three Western European intelligence sources said North Korea shipped coal to Russia last year which was then delivered to South Korea and Japan in a likely violation of UN sanctions. A US security source also confirmed the coal trade via Russia and said it was continuing.
    (Reuters, 1/26/18)

2018        Jan 29, South Korea's unification ministry said North Korea has canceled a joint cultural performance with South Korea scheduled for Feb. 4 blaming South Korean media for encouraging "insulting" public sentiment regarding the North. The performance was to be held in the North Korean territory of Mount Kumgang.
    (Reuters, 1/29/18)

2018        Jan 30, The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) said an estimated 60,000 children face potential starvation in North Korea, where international sanctions are exacerbating the situation by slowing aid deliveries.
    (Reuters, 1/30/18)

2018        Feb 2, President Donald Trump sought to increase pressure on Pyongyang over its nuclear program by consulting with allies and highlighting the human rights abuses suffered by defectors from North Korea.
    (AP, 2/3/18)
2018        Feb 2, UN experts said North Korea is flouting UN sanctions on oil and gas, engaging in prohibited ballistic missile cooperation with Syria and Myanmar, and illegally exporting commodities that brought in nearly $200 million in just nine months last year.
    (AP, 2/3/18)

2018        Feb 3, The head of Germany's domestic intelligence agency said North Korea has used its embassy in Berlin to acquire equipment apparently intended for its missile or nuclear programs.
    (AP, 2/3/18)

2018        Feb 5, A 23-member advance team of North Koreans arrived in South Korea to prepare for the North's participation in the Pyeongchang Olympics.
    (AP, 2/5/18)
2018        Feb 5, China released a further list of goods banned for export to North Korea, saying the items could be used to build weapons of mass destruction.
    (Reuters, 2/5/18)

2018        Feb 6, A North Korean ferry arrived in South Korea on Tuesday carrying a 140-strong orchestra to perform during the Winter Olympics, taking advantage of a rare sanctions exemption from Seoul 16 years after its previous visit but greeted by angry protests.
    (Reuters, 2/6/18)

2018        Feb 7, In South Korea a 229-member strong, all-female cheering section arrived from North Korea for the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 2/7/18)

2018        Feb 8, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un presided over an extravagant military parade in Pyongyang's Kim Il Sung Square to mark the 70th anniversary of the founding of its military.
    (AP, 2/8/18)
2018        Feb 8, A spokeswoman for the Russian Foreign Ministry said North Korean workers can stay in Russia until Dec. 2019, in line with a United Nations' resolution.
    (Reuters, 2/8/18)

2018        Feb 9, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's younger sister took her place among dignitaries from around the world, including US Vice President Mike Pence, at the opening ceremony of the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics in an unprecedented visit to South Korea.
    (AP, 2/9/18)

2018        Feb 10, In South Korea the sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said a summit between her brother and South Korean President Moon Jae-in would pave the way for a fast improvement in ties that would make "yesterday seem like a long time ago." The Koreans suffered an 8-0 shutout by Switzerland in Pyeongchang as around 200 of North Korea's famed "army of beauties" charmed a crowd of 3,600 besotted locals with nostalgic oldies -- and even broke out a Mexican wave. Lim Hyo-jun won the men's 1,500-meter final, giving South Korea its first gold medal of the Pyeongchang Games.
    (AP, 2/10/18)(AFP, 2/10/18)

2018        Feb 22, North Korea's 22 athletes wrapped up their competition at the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics without a finish higher than 13th.
    (AP, 2/22/18)

2018        Feb 23, South Korean lawmakers protested over a visit by top North Korean Gen. Kim Yong Chol for the Pyeongchang Olympics, labelling him a war criminal over the 2010 sinking of a warship and calling for his execution.
    (AFP, 2/23/18)
2018        Feb 23, The Trump administration imposed sanctions on more than 50 vessels, shipping companies and trade businesses in its latest bid to pressure North Korea over its nuclear program. Ivanka Trump told South Korea's president that she will use her visit to the Winter Olympics to advocate maximum pressure on North Korea to halt its nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/23/18)

2018        Feb 24, A Japanese surveillance plane spotted the North Korean-flagged tanker "Chon Ma San", designated by the United States as a sanction target, with the Maldivian-flagged tanker "Xin Yuan 18" some 250 km (156 miles) east of Shanghai in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions.
    (Reuters, 2/27/18)

2018        Feb 25, North Korean envoy Kim Yong Chol, making a rare visit to South Korea, said that his country was willing to open talks with the United States.
    (AP, 2/25/18)

2018        Feb 28, Maldives denied a Japanese foreign ministry statement that said a Maldives-flagged vessel was used to illegally transfer goods from a North Korean-flagged tanker in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions.
    (Reuters, 2/28/18)
2018        Feb 28, UN experts said its investigations into Pyongyang's transfer of prohibited ballistic missile, conventional arms and dual use goods found more than 40 previously unreported shipments to Syria between 2012 and 2017. It said an unnamed UN member state also reported evidence of Myanmar's receipt of a range of conventional weapons from North Korea including multiple rocket launchers and surface-to-air missiles in addition to ballistic missile systems.
    (AP, 2/28/18)

2018        Feb, Global Fund, supported in large part by the US, informed North Korea that it is ending all of its North Korea-related grants, saying it could no longer accept the North's "unique operating conditions." Global Fund will be providing buffer stocks of medicines and health products to help support the treatment of tuberculosis patients through June next year. Tuberculosis is North Korea's biggest public health problem.
    (AP, 7/14/18)

2018        Mar 5, A South Korean delegation met North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, after arriving in the North on a visit aimed at encouraging North Korea and the US to talk.
    (Reuters, 3/5/18)

2018        Mar 6, South Korea's presidential office announced that North Korea and South Korea have agreed to hold a summit next month at a truce village inside the Demilitarized Zone that divides their countries.
    (AP, 3/6/18)
2018        Mar 6, A senior South Korean official, after returning from the North, said North Korean leader Kim Jung Un has expressed a willingness to discuss nuclear disarmament with the US and impose a moratorium on nuclear and missile tests during such talks.
    (AP, 3/6/18)

2018        Mar 7, India said it has imposed new restrictions on trade with North Korea, in line with UN Security Council sanctions slapped on the reclusive country for its nuclear and missile programs.
    (Reuters, 3/7/18)

2018        Mar 8, US President Donald Trump and third-generation North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un agreed to meet face-to-face for talks about the North's nuclear program.
    (AP, 3/9/18)

2018        Mar 11, Trump administration officials said there will be no more conditions imposed on North Korea before a first-ever meeting of the two nation's leaders beyond the North's promise not to resume nuclear testing and missile flights or publicly criticize US-South Korean military exercises.
    (AP, 3/11/18)

2018        Mar 12, Japan and South Korea agreed that maximum pressure must be maintained on North Korea until it takes concrete action toward addressing concerns about its nuclear weapon and missile programs.
    (Reuters, 3/12/18)

2018        Mar 16, North Korea's foreign minister met briefly with Sweden's prime minister during a surprise trip to Stockholm that has fueled speculation about a possible meeting in the Scandinavian country between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 3/16/18)

2018        Mar 18, Australia's prime minister and Southeast Asian leaders meeting in Sydney called on North Korea to end its nuclear program and urged UN countries to fully implement sanctions against the country.
    (AP, 3/18/18)

2018        Mar 26, A special train from North Korea to Beijing and unusually heavy security at a guesthouse where prominent North Koreans have stayed seemed to point to the possibility that Kim Jong Un was making his first visit to China as the North's leader.
    (AP, 3/27/18)

2018        Mar 27, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's secretive talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing was confirmed after his return home.
    (AP, 3/28/18)

2018        Mar 30, International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach met with Kim Jong Un in Pyongyang and said the North Korean leader is committed to having his country participate in the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics and the Beijing Winter Games in 2022.
    (AP, 3/31/18)
2018        Mar 30, The UN Security Council annnounced a new package of sanctions that targeted smuggling at sea by North Korea. The UN blacklisted 27 ships, 21 shipping companies and one individual accused of helping North Korea evade previous sanctions. The ships included five based in China, 15 North Korean ships and 12 non-North Korean ships.
    (AP, 3/31/18)(SSFC, 4/1/18, p.A4)(Reuters, 4/3/18)

2018        Mar 31, Some of South Korea's biggest pop stars flew to North Korea for rare performances that highlight the sudden thaw in inter-Korean ties after years of tensions over the North's nuclear ambitions.
    (AP, 3/31/18)

2018        Apr 7, North and South Korea held talks over establishing a telephone hotline between their leaders and other communication issues ahead of a rare summit between the rivals later this month.
    (AP, 4/7/18)

2018        Apr 8, China banned exports to North Korea of electronics and other goods that can be used in making weapons, tightening UN sanctions imposed over Pyongyang's nuclear and missile development.
    (AP, 4/9/18)

2018        Apr 15, In North Korea the unfinished 105-story Ryugyong Hotel became the backdrop of a massive light show in which more than 100,000 LEDs flash images of famous statues and monuments, bursts of fireworks, party symbols and political slogans to mark the birthday of the country's "eternal president," Kim Il Sung.
    (AP, 12/30/18)

2018        Apr 17, Government sources said that CIA Director Mike Pompeo secretly met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un over the Easter weekend.
    (AP, 4/18/18)

2018        Apr 19, The European Union imposed travel bans and asset freezes on four people suspected of "deceptive financial practices" to benefit North Korea's arms program. The EU did not name the four.
    (Reuters, 4/19/18)

2018        Apr 20, North and South Korea installed a direct phone line between their leaders as they prepare for the first summit since 2007.
    (Reuters, 4/20/18)
2018        Apr 20, North Korea's Kim Jong Un laid out a new strategy at a meeting of his ruling party's Central Committee that suspends underground nuclear tests and test-launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 4/21/18)

2018        Apr 21, North Korea said it has suspended nuclear and long-range missile tests and plans to close its nuclear test site.
    (AP, 4/21/18)

2018        Apr 22, In North Korea a bus plunged from a bridge killing 32 Chinese tourists and four North Koreans late today in North Hwanghae province.
    (AFP, 4/23/18)

2018        Apr 23, South Korea halted anti-North Korea propaganda broadcasts across their tense border as officials from the two Koreas met again to work out details of their leaders' upcoming talks, expected to focus on the North's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/23/18)

2018        Apr 25, It was reported that Chinese seismologists have concluded that North Korea's underground nuclear test site has partially collapsed following a massive bomb blast last year, making it unusable. The blast last September 3 triggered a 6.3-magnitude earthquake that was felt across the northern border with China. The North claimed it tested a hydrogen bomb.
    (AP, 4/25/18)

2018        Apr 27, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in set aside a year that saw them seemingly on the verge of war, grasped hands and strode together across the cracked concrete marking the Koreas' border. Kim became the first North Korean leader to visit South Korean territory. The leaders pledged in a joint statement to rid their peninsula of nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 4/27/18)

2018        May 1, North and South Korea dismantled huge loudspeakers used to blare Cold War-style propaganda across their tense border, as South Korea's president asked the United Nations to observe the North's planned closing of its nuclear test site.
    (AP, 5/1/18)

2018        May 3, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un told a visiting Chinese diplomat that he is committed to denuclearization.
    (Reuters, 5/3/18)

2018        May 5, North Korea readjusted its time zone to match South Korea's and described the change as an early step toward making the longtime rivals "become one" following a landmark summit.
    (AP, 5/5/18)

2018        May 6, North Korea said its intention to denuclearize, unveiled at a historic inter-Korean summit, was not the result of US-led sanctions and pressure, warning the United States not to mislead public opinion.
    (Reuters, 5/6/18)

2018        May 7, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un met with Chinese President Xi Jinping in the northern Chinese port city of in Dalian and pledged his continuing commitment to denuclearization ahead of his expected summit with US.
    (AP, 5/8/18)

2018        May 9, North Korea released three American detainees and handed them over to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, clearing a major obstacle to an unprecedented summit between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
    (Reuters, 5/9/18)

2018        May 10, President Donald Trump welcomed three Americans who had been held prisoner in North Korea back home, thanking leader Kim Jong Un for their release and sounding upbeat about a planned US-North Korea summit.
    (Reuters, 5/10/18)
2018        May 10, The United Nations human rights investigator on North Korea called on for six South Korean nationals in custody there to be freed, voicing concern over conditions of their detention.
    (Reuters, 5/10/18)

2018        May 11, It was reported that North Korea has informed a United Nations aviation agency that it will not conduct unannounced missile tests or further intercontinental ballistic missile launches because its nuclear arms program is now complete and it no longer needs to do such testing.
    (AP, 5/11/18)

2018        May 12, North Korea said that it will dismantle its nuclear test site on May 23-25, in a dramatic event that would set up leader Kim Jong Un's summit with President Donald Trump next month.
    (AP, 5/12/18)

2018        May 15, North Korea abruptly canceled a high-level meeting with South Korea to protest US-South Korean military exercises that the North has long claimed are an invasion rehearsal.
    (AP, 5/16/18)

2018        May 16, North Korea threatened to scrap a historic summit next month between its leader, Kim Jong Un, and US President Donald Trump, saying it has no interest in a "one-sided" affair meant to pressure the North to abandon its nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 5/16/18)

2018        May 17, North Korea strongly criticized South Korea over ongoing U.S.-South Korean military exercises and said it will not return to talks with its rival until Seoul resolves its grievances.
    (AP, 5/17/18)

2018        May 19, North Korea reiterated its demands for South Korea to send back 12 North Korean restaurant workers who came to the South in 2016, saying such a move would demonstrate Seoul's willingness to improve relations.
    (AP, 5/20/18)
2018        May 19, Two North Koreans defected to South Korea early today after they were found in a boat in the Yellow Sea.
    (Reuters, 5/19/18)

2018        May 22, North Korean media stepped up their rhetorical attacks on South Korea and joint military exercises with the United States, warning that a budding detente could be in danger.
    (AP, 5/22/18)

2018        May 24, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un made good on his promise to demolish his country's nuclear test site, which was formally closed in a series of huge explosions as a group of foreign journalists looked on.
    (AP, 5/24/18)
2018        May 24, President Donald Trump cancelled his planned summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un following North Korea's reaction to comments by US Vice President Mike Pence.
    (Reuters, 5/24/18)
2018        May 24, A Japanese warship spotted a North Korean tanker and another ship with a Korean name apparently transferring fuel on the open seas in violation of UN sanctions.
    (AP, 6/1/18)

2018        May 25, North Korea said that it's still willing to sit for talks with the United States "at any time, (in) any format".
    (Reuters, 5/25/18)
2018        May 25, US Defense Secretary James Mattis said that a recently scrapped summit between the leaders of the United States and North Korea may still take place if diplomats can pull it off.
    (Reuters, 5/25/18)

2018        May 26, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and South Korea's president, Moon Jae-in, met at a border truce village. They discussed carrying out the peace commitments they reached in their first summit, as well as Kim's potential meeting with Pres. Trump.
    (AP, 5/26/18)
2018        May 26, The US White House said that a team is heading to Singapore this weekend as previously planned to work on logistics for a summit with North Korea should it take place.
    (AP, 5/26/18)

2018        May 30, Syria's President Bashar Assad said he is interested in visiting North Korea and meeting leader Kim Jong Un while receiving the credentials for the North Korean ambassador.
    (AP, 6/3/18)

2018        Jun 1, North and South Korea agreed to hold military and Red Cross talks later this month on reducing tensions and resuming reunions of families separated by the 1950-53 Korean War.
    (AP, 6/1/18)
2018        Jun 1, President Donald Trump declared that his on-and-off June 12 summit in Singapore with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was on again.
    (AP, 6/2/18)

2018        Jun 8, Former National Basketball Association star Dennis Rodman said he will be heading to Singapore for the planned June 12 summit between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Rodman's trip to Singapore, like the last one to North Korea, was sponsored by potcoin.com, the crypto-currency provider for the legal marijuana industry.
    (Reuters, 6/9/18)(Reuters, 6/12/18)

2018        Jun 10, US President Donald Trump arrived in Singapore for a historic June 12 summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who landed in Singapore earlier today.
    (AP, 6/10/18)

2018        Jun 12, President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un, meeting on Sentosa Island in Singapore, committed to "complete denuclearization" of the Korean Peninsula during the first meeting in history between a sitting US president and a North Korean leader. Trump announced a halt to US military exercises with treaty ally South Korea.
    (AP, 6/12/18)

2018        Jun 14, North and South Korea agreed to fully restore their cross-border communication lines after holding rare high-level military talks on reducing tensions.
    (AP, 6/14/18)
2018        Jun 14, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe met with families of people abducted by North Korea decades ago and pledged to deal directly with the North to resolve the issue.
    (AP, 6/14/18)
2018        Jun 14, In Russia a North Korean official handed a written message to Pres. Vladimir Putin from North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. President Vladimir Putin asked North Korean official Kim Yong Nam at their meeting to pass an invitation to visit Russia in September to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
    (Reuters, 6/14/18)
2018        Jun 14, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said tough sanctions will remain on North Korea until its complete denuclearization.
    (Reuters, 6/14/18)

2018        Jun 15, A senior South Korean presidential official said that Washington and Seoul have begun discussions on temporarily suspending the massive "Ulchi Freedom Guardian" exercises that usually take place in August and possibly other joint drills while nuclear diplomacy with North Korea continues.
    (AP, 6/15/18)

2018        Jun 19, Chinese President Xi Jinping told North Korean leader Kim Jong Un he hopes Pyongyang and Washington can fully implement the outcome of last week's nuclear summit at which Kim pledged to work toward denuclearization in exchange for US security guarantees.
    (AP, 6/19/18)

2018        Jun 20, In China North Korea's Leader Kim Jong Un and Chinese President Xi Jinping came to an understanding on issues discussed at a summit of the two leaders, including denuclearization of the Korean peninsula as Kim ended a 2-day visit to Beijing.
    (Reuters, 6/20/18)
2018        Jun 20, South Korea urged North Korea to present a plan with concrete steps toward denuclearization, raising the pressure on its leader Kim Jong Un as he met with Chinese President Xi Jinping in a visit designed to convey the countries' growing closeness.
    (AP, 6/20/18)

2018        Jun 22, North and South Korea agreed to hold temporary reunions of families divided by the 1950-53 Korean War as they boost reconciliation efforts amid a diplomatic push to resolve the North Korean nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 6/22/18)
2018        Jun 22, Russian President Vladimir Putin and visiting South Korean President Moon Jae-in agreed to support "efforts to establish complete denuclearization on the Korean peninsula" following the US-North Korea summit last week.
    (Reuters, 6/22/18)
2018        Jun 22, US President Donald Trump declared that North Korea still poses an "extraordinary threat" to the United States. In an executive order, Trump extended for one year the so-called "national emergency" with respect to the nuclear-armed nation, re-authorizing economic restrictions against it. The national emergency has been in place since 2008 and is a sign of enduring tensions between the two countries.
    (AP, 6/23/18)

2018        Jun 23, The US military moved 100 wooden coffins to the inter-Korean border to prepare for North Korea's returning of the remains of American soldiers who have been missing since the 1950-53 Korean War.
    (AP, 6/23/18)

2018        Jun 26, North and South Korea agreed to jointly study ways to improve North Korea's outdated railways and link them with the South.
    (AP, 6/26/18)

2018        Jun, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria officially ended grants to North Korea that supported the treatment of 120,000 TB patients last year.
    (AP, 11/16/18)

2018        Jul 1, North and South Korea reopened a maritime communication channel, with vessels from the two countries making radio contact for the first time in a decade.
    (Reuters, 7/1/18)

2018        Jul 4, The rival Koreas began two days of friendly basketball games in Pyongyang in their latest goodwill gesture amid a diplomatic push to resolve the nuclear standoff with North Korea.
    (AP, 7/4/18)

2018        Jul 7, North Korea said that high-level talks with a US delegation led by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo were "regrettable" and accused Washington of trying to unilaterally pressure the country into abandoning its nukes.
    (AP, 7/7/18)

2018        Jul 8, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, speaking in Hanoi, appealed for North Korea's leadership to follow Vietnam's path in overcoming past hostilities with the United States. Pompeo called on North Korean leader Kim Jong Un to replicate Vietnam's "miracle" of economic growth by improving ties with the US.
    (AP, 7/8/18)

2018        Jul 10, South Korea suspended its summertime civil defense drills aimed at preparing against a North Korean attack to keep alive a positive atmosphere for nuclear diplomacy with the North.
    (AP, 7/10/18)

2018        Jul 19, The latest Global Slavery Index showed one in 10 people in North Korea live in slavery, with most forced to work for the state. The index listed Eritrea, Burundi, the Central African Republic, Afghanistan, Mauritania, South Sudan, Pakistan, Cambodia and Iran as the worst offenders after North Korea.
    (AP, 7/19/18)

2018        Jul 23, Japan recorded its highest temperature ever as a deadly heat wave continued to grip a wide swath of the country and nearby South and North Korea. Over the last two weeks more than 40 people have died in Japan and about 10 in South Korea.
    (AP, 7/23/18)

2018        Jul 24, The North Korea-focused 38 North website said commercial satellite images from July 20 to 22 indicate the North began dismantling key facilities at the Sohae satellite launch site.
    (AP, 7/24/18)

2018        Jul 25, American companies were put on notice by the Trump administration that they could face steep fines, or even criminal charges, if their business involves North Korean workers anywhere in their supply chain.
    (AP, 7/26/18)

2018        Jul 27, North Korean soldiers, sailors and civilians gathered at a heroes' cemetery to commemorate their brothers in arms on the anniversary of the end of the Korean War. At the same time on the other side of the country, remains believed to be those of American servicemen killed in the war were being loaded onto a US aircraft for transportation to the South, in the first stage of their final journey home.
    (AFP, 7/27/18)
2018        Jul 27, President Donald Trump thanked North Korean leader Kim Jong Un for "fulfilling a promise" to return the remains of US soldiers missing from the Korean War, as a US military plane made a rare trip into North Korea to retrieve 55 cases said to contain remains. Close to 7,700 US soldiers remain unaccounted for from the 1950-53 Korean War, and about 5,300 of those were lost in North Korea.
    (AP, 7/28/18)

2018        Jul 30, A senior US official said that US spy satellites had detected renewed activity at the North Korean factory that produced the country's first intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of reaching the United States.
    (Reuters, 7/31/18)

2018        Jul 31, North and South Korea held military talks to build trust.
    (Reuters, 7/31/18)

2018        Aug 3, The United States imposed sanctions on Moscow-based Agrosoyuz Commercial Bank, which it said had facilitated a transaction with Han Jang Su, a person blacklisted by Washington for involvement with North Korea's nuclear weapons program. The Treasury also added Ri Jong Won, the Moscow-based deputy representative of Foreign Trade Bank, North Korea's primary foreign exchange bank.
    (Reuters, 8/3/18)
2018        Aug 3, UN experts said in a new report that North Korea has not stopped its nuclear and missile programs and is violating UN sanctions including by "a massive increase in illicit ship-to-ship transfers of petroleum products".
    (AP, 8/4/18)

2018        Aug 4, Top Asian diplomats pressed North Korea to turn a pledge to completely dismantle its nuclear arsenal into reality amid concerns that it's proceeding with its programs.
    (AP, 8/4/18)

2018        Aug 10, South Korea said a total of 35,000 tons of North Korean coal and pig iron worth $5.8 million illegally entered its ports last year, in possible violations of UN sanctions.
    (AP, 8/10/18)
2018        Aug 10, The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) said a heat wave in North Korea has led to rice, maize and other crops withering in the fields, "with potentially catastrophic effects".
    (Reuters, 8/10/18)

2018        Aug 11, Japan's government said that it is looking into reports that a Japanese citizen was detained this month in North Korea. The man (39) was supposed to return to Japan on August 13 but was reportedly arrested in Nampo city.
    (AP, 8/11/18)

2018        Aug 20, About 200 South Koreans and their family members crossed the border for three days of meetings with their North Korean relatives.
    (AP, 8/21/18)
2018        Aug 20, The UN nuclear watchdog said it did not find any indication that North Korea had stopped its nuclear activities, adding to doubts about the country's willingness to abandon its arsenal.
    (Reuters, 8/21/18)

2018        Aug 24, More than 300 South Koreans traveled to the North's Diamond Mountain resort for three days of meetings with their long-lost relatives in a second round of temporary reunions of family members separated for decades by the Korean War.
    (AP, 8/24/18)
2018        Aug 24, US President Donald Trump abruptly canceled his top diplomat's planned trip to North Korea, publicly acknowledging for the first time that his effort to get Pyongyang to denuclearize had stalled since his summit with the North's leader.
    (Reuters, 8/25/18)

2018        Aug 26, North Korea's state-controlled newspaper accused the United States of "double-dealing" and "hatching a criminal plot" against Pyongyang, after Washington abruptly canceled a visit by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
    (Reuters, 8/26/18)
2018        Aug 26, In Indonesia a crew comprising South Koreans and North Koreans won the 500-meter dragon boat final at the Asian Games co-host city of Palembang. This was the first gold medal by a combined Koreas team at a major multi-sport event.
    (AP, 8/26/18)

2018        Aug 30, The US State Department said it had decided to extend by a year its ban on US citizens' travel to North Korea, citing continued concerns about the threat of arrest and long-term detention of US nationals there.
    (Reuters, 8/30/18)

2018        Sep 6, A US officials said the US Justice Department is poised to charge North Korean hackers over the 2017 global WannaCry ransomware attack and the 2014 cyber attack on Sony Corp.
    (Reuters, 9/6/18)

2018        Sep 6, Seoul officials said North Korea's Kim Jong Un has given his first time line for denuclearization, aiming for the end of US President Donald Trump's first term, prompting thanks from Trump who said they would "get it done together".
    (Reuters, 9/6/18)
2018        Sep 6, The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies said severe flooding in North Korea has killed at least 76 people with nearly the same number missing and thousands left homeless by the destruction.
    (Reuters, 9/6/18)

2018        Sep 7, North Korea and South Korea asked the United Nations to circulate the "Panmunjom Declaration on Peace, Prosperity and Reunification of the Korean Peninsula" as an official UN document.
    (AP, 9/8/18)

2018        Sep 9, North Korea rolled out some of its latest tanks and marched its best-trained goose-stepping units in a major military parade to mark its 70th anniversary. North Korea brought back one of its most iconic art forms — mass games performed by tens of thousands of people working in precise unison — to mark its 70th anniversary.
    (AP, 9/9/18)

2018        Sep 10, Tens of thousands of North Korean students rallied in Pyongyang's Kim Il Sung Square this evening in the final major event of the country's 70th anniversary.
    (AP, 9/10/18)

2018        Sep 13, The United States imposed sanctions on two North Korean-controlled information technology companies based in China and Russia. The sanctions are intended to stop the flow of illicit revenue to North Korea from overseas IT workers hiding behind front companies and aliases.
    (AP, 9/13/18)

2018        Sep 14, North and South Korea opened their first liaison office near their tense border to facilitate better communication and exchanges ahead of their leaders' summit in Pyongyang next week. On June 16, 2020, North Korea blew up the facility.
    (AP, 9/14/18)(Econ., 6/20/20, p.31)
2018        Sep 14, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused Russia of actively working to undermine international sanctions on North Korea and said the enforcement of the steps was essential to convince Pyongyang to give up its nuclear weapons.
    (Reuters, 9/15/18)

2018        Sep 17, In North Korea an international trade fair opened in Pyongyang and included more than 320 companies, with many Chinese entrepreneurs taking part.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley accused Russia of "cheating" on UN sanctions on North Korea and said Washington has "evidence of consistent and wide-ranging Russian violations."
    (Reuters, 9/17/18)

2018        Sep 18, In North Korea South Korean President Moon Jae-in began his third summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. A 52-member "special" civilian entourage accompanied Moon Jae-in to promote civil exchanges and engagement with younger Koreans.
    (AP, 9/18/18)

2018        Sep 19, The leaders of North and South Korea announced a wide range of agreements which they said were a major step toward peace on the Korean Peninsula. North Korea agreed to permanently dismantle a launch pad and an engine-testing facility at its northwestern rocket-firing center in the presence of international experts.
    (AP, 9/19/18)

2018        Sep 20, South Korean President Moon Jae-in returned home from a whirlwind three-day summit with Kim Jong Un. Moon said the North Korean leader wants the US secretary of state to visit Pyongyang soon for nuclear talks, and also hopes for a quick follow-up to his June summit with President Donald Trump.
    (AP, 9/20/18)

2018        Oct 1, North and South Korea began removing mines and other explosives at two sites inside their heavily armed border as part of their recent tension-reduction steps.
    (AP, 10/1/18)
2018        Oct 1, South Korea's Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon told parliament the estimates on the size of North Korea's nuclear arsenal range from 20 bombs to as many as 60.
    (AP, 10/2/18)

2018        Oct 3, US security firm FireEye raised the alarm over a North Korean group that it says has stolen hundreds of millions of dollars by infiltrating the computer systems of banks around the world since 2014 through highly sophisticated and destructive attacks that have spanned at least 11 countries.
    (AP, 10/3/18)

2018        Oct 4, A South Korean government delegation arrived in North Korea for a joint celebration of the anniversary of a 2007 summit and to possibly hold further peace talks.
    (AP, 10/4/18)
2018        Oct 4, The US Treasury issued new North Korea-related sanctions that target SIA Falcon International Group, a Turkish company, and two Turkish individuals among others.
    (AP, 10/4/18)

2018        Oct 15, North and South Korea continued their push for peace with high-level talks that resulted in a host of agreements, including a plan by the rivals for a groundbreaking ceremony this year on an ambitious project to connect their railways and roads.
    (AP, 10/15/18)

2018        Oct 16, The rival Koreas and the US-led United Nations Command met to discuss efforts to disarm a military zone the rivals control within their shared border under a peace agreement between the two countries.
    (AP, 10/16/18)

2018        Oct 22, South Korean officials said the two Koreas have completed removing land mines planted at their shared border village as part of efforts to disarm the area located inside the world's most heavily fortified border.
    (AP, 10/22/18)
2018        Oct 22, A South Korean lawmaker said North Korea imported at least $640 million worth of luxury goods from China last year, in defiance of UN sanctions outlawing such trade over North Korea's nuclear and missile programs.
    (Reuters, 10/22/18)

2018        Oct 26, The North and South Korean militaries agreed to completely destroy 22 front-line guard posts by the end of November as they discussed their next steps in implementing a wide-ranging military agreement signed last month to reduce tensions.
    (AP, 10/26/18)

2018        Nov 2, North Korea warned it could revive a state policy aimed at strengthening its nuclear arsenal if the US does not lift economic sanctions against the country.
    (AP, 11/3/18)

2018        Nov 4, Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel arrived in Pyongyang with his wife. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel — both hoping to get out from under US economic sanctions — agreed to expand and strengthen their strategic relations.
    (AP, 11/5/18)

2018        Nov 10, The North and South Korean militaries completed withdrawing troops and firearms from 22 front-line guard posts as they continue to implement a wide-ranging agreement reached in September to reduce tensions across the world's most fortified border.
    (AP, 11/10/18)
2018        Nov 10, North Korean diplomat Jo Song Gil, disappeared with his wife after leaving the North Korea's embassy in Italy without notice. On Jan. 3, 2019, it was reported that he had applied for asylum to an unspecified Western country and was in a "safe place" with his family under the protection of the Italian government.
    (AP, 1/3/19)(Reuters, 2/20/19)

2018        Nov 11, South Korean military transport aircraft began a tangerine airlift to North Korea, the first of a gift of 200 tons of the fruit from the southern island of Jeju.
    (Reuters, 11/11/18)

2018        Nov 12, US analysts said they have located more than half of an estimated 20 secret North Korean missile development sites.
    (AP, 11/12/18)

2018        Nov 16, North Korea said it will deport Bruce Byron Lowrance, an American citizen it detained for illegal entrance, an apparent concession to the United States that came even as it announced the test of a newly developed but unspecified "ultramodern" weapon that will be seen as a pressuring tactic by Washington.
    (AP, 11/16/18)
2018        Nov 16, A senior North Korean official on a visit to South Korea called for Japan to apologize for the wartime forced labor of thousands of Koreans.
    (AP, 11/16/18)

2018        Nov 20, North Korea blew up some of its front-line guard posts as part of an agreement to ease tensions along its heavily fortified border with South Korea.
    (AP, 11/20/18)

2018        Nov 24, South Korea said that the United Nations Security Council granted an exemption to sanctions that will allow surveys on North Korean railroad sections the Koreas want to connect with the South.
    (AP, 11/24/18)

2018        Nov 25, French Senate employee Benoit Quennedey, suspected of spying for North Korea, was detained. Quennedey has traveled to the Koreas in his role as the head of the French-Korean Friendship Association, and wrote a book and essays about North Korea.
    (AP, 11/27/18)

2018        Nov 26, North Korea's ceremonial leader Kim Yong Nam arrived in Caracas and was expected to meet with socialist Venezuelan Pres. Nicolas Maduro the next day.
    (Reuters, 11/27/18)
2018        Nov 26, UNESCO said Korean wrestling was added to a list of "Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity" on the basis of an application by the two Koreas.
    (AP, 11/26/18)

2018        Nov 29, South Korea sent about 50 tons of insecticide to North Korea to help stop a pine tree disease from spreading.
    (AP, 11/29/18)

2018        Nov 30, A South Korean train rolled into North Korea for the first time in a decade as the countries began joint surveys on northern railway sections they hope someday to connect with the South.
    (AP, 11/30/18)

2018        Dec 1, A North Korean soldier fled across a heavily fortified border to defect to South Korea.
    (AP, 12/1/18)

2018        Dec 4, Syria's President Bashar Assad received North Korea's foreign minister Ri Yong Ho, who said his country and Syria face the same "enemy" and called for increased cooperation between them. Assad responded by identifying the United States as a hostile country to Syria and North Korea.
    (AP, 12/4/18)

2018        Dec 5, Italy was informed by North Korea that acting ambassador Jo Song Gil and his wife had left the North Korean embassy in Rome on Nov. 10 and that their daughter (17) had been repatriated on Nov. 14.
    (Reuters, 2/20/19)

2018        Dec 12, Dozens of North and South Korean soldiers crossed over the world's most heavily armed border as they inspected the sites of their rival's front-line guard posts to verify they'd been removed.
    (AP, 12/12/18)

2018        Dec 16, North Korea condemned the US administration for stepping up sanctions and pressure on the nuclear-armed country, warning of a return to "exchanges of fire" and that disarming Pyongyang could be blocked forever.
    (Reuters, 12/16/18)

2018        Dec 18, North Korea's main state newspaper warned of the "negative impact" from mobile phones use around the world, as both legal and illicit communications devices proliferate in the isolated country.
    (Reuters, 12/18/18)

2018        Dec 20, North Korea said it will never unilaterally give up its nuclear weapons unless the United States first removes what Pyongyang called a nuclear threat.
    (AP, 12/20/18)

2018        Dec 24, A US federal judge ordered North Korea to pay $501 million in a wrongful death suit filed by the parents of Otto Warmbier, an American college student who died in 2017 shortly after being released from that country.
    (AFP, 12/25/18)

2018        Dec 26, North and South Korea broke ground on an ambitious project to modernize North Korean railways and roads and connect them with the South, but without progress in nuclear negotiations, regular trains won't be crossing the border anytime soon.
    (AP, 12/26/18)

2018        Dec 28, The South Korean Unification Ministry said the personal information of 997 North Koreans who defected to South Korea has been leaked after unknown hackers got access to a resettlement agency's database.
    (Reuters, 12/28/18)

2018        The North Korean ship "Wise Honest" was detained in Indonesian waters. It was used to transport coal and import heavy machinery in violation of sanctions over its nuclear arms program. Its seizure by the US was announced on May 9, 2019.
    (SFC, 5/15/19, p.A2)

2019        Jan 8, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un arrived on an unannounced visit to Beijing for his fourth summit with President Xi Jinping.
    (AP, 1/8/19)

2019        Jan 16, South Korean officials said they have stopped businessmen from bringing North Korean paintings into the country that a report said were purchased at an art studio under UN sanctions.
    (AP, 1/16/19)

2019        Jan 18, The White House announced after talks between Trump and Kim that Pres. Donald Trump would hold a second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in late February, but would maintain economic sanctions on Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 1/19/19)

2019        Jan 29, US intelligence agencies told Congress that North Korea is unlikely to entirely dismantle its nuclear arsenal.
    (AP, 1/29/19)

2019        Feb 5, President Donald Trump announced during his State of the Union address that he intends to meet hold his second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on Feb. 27-28 in Vietnam.
    (AP, 2/6/19)

2019        Feb 22, In Spain a group of unidentified men entered North Korea's embassy in Madrid, bound and gagged staff, and drove off four hours later with computers. Adrian Hong Chang, a Mexican national and US resident, was later identified as the leader of a gang of 10 people who escaped in broad daylight after stealing computers and documents from the embassy, where they shackled and gagged its staff.
    (Reuters, 2/27/19)(AP, 3/26/19)

2019        Feb 26, President Donald Trump arrived at the hotel in Hanoi where he will stay during his summit with North Korea's Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 2/26/19)

2019        Feb 27, US President Donald Trump and North Korea's Kim Jong Un, leaders of two nations with a long history of hostilities, met in Hanoi for their second summit.
    (Reuters, 2/27/19)

2019        Feb 28, Talks between President Donald Trump and North Korea's Kim Jong Un collapsed in Hanoi after the two sides failed to bridge a standoff over US sanctions.
    (AP, 2/28/19)

2019        Mar 1, South Korean President Moon Jae-in said his government plans to discuss with the United States the possibility of restarting joint inter-Korean economic projects to induce nuclear disarmament from North Korea, which insisted it had asked only for partial sanctions relief in exchange for shutting down its main nuclear complex.
    (AP, 3/1/19)

2019        Mar 3, South Korea and the US said they are eliminating their massive springtime military drills and replacing them with smaller exercises in what they call an effort to support diplomacy aimed at resolving the North Korean nuclear crisis. They agreed to replace the Key Resolve and Foal Eagle drills with a shorter "Dong Maeng" or "Alliance" exercise which kicked off this week.
    (AP, 3/3/19)(AFP, 3/7/19)

2019        Mar 7, South Korea's military said it is carefully monitoring North Korean nuclear and missile facilities after the country's spy agency told lawmakers that new activity was detected at a research center where the North is believed to build long-range missiles targeting the US mainland.
    (AP, 3/7/19)

2019        Mar 10, Millions of North Korean voters, including leader Kim Jong Un, went to the polls to elect a new lineup of roughly 700 members for the next session of the national legislature, though the vote was more of an endorsement than a competitive contest.
    (AP, 3/10/19)

2019        Mar 22, North Korea abruptly withdrew its staff from a liaison office with South Korea, a development that is likely to put a damper on ties between the countries and further complicate global diplomacy on North Korea's nuclear program.
    (AP, 3/22/19)
2019        Mar 22, President Donald Trump said he is reversing his administration's decision to slap new sanctions on North Korea, ordering them withdrawn.
    (AP, 3/23/19)

2019        Apr 3, A South Korean coast guard official said the 5,160-ton P-PIONEER has been prevented from leaving Busan port since October over allegations that it was used to supply diesel to North Korea through two ship-to-ship transfers in September 2017 in international waters in the East China Sea.
    (AP, 4/3/19)

2019        Apr 12, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said he is open to a third summit with Pres. Donald Trump, but set the year's end as a deadline for Washington to offer mutually acceptable terms for an agreement to salvage the high-stakes nuclear diplomacy.
    (AP, 4/13/19)

2019        Apr 17, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un supervised a new type of "tactical guided weapon".
    (AP, 4/18/19)

2019        Apr 18, North Korea said that it had test-fired a new type of "tactical guided weapon," its first such test in nearly half a year, and demanded that Washington remove Secretary of State Mike Pompeo from nuclear negotiations.
    (AP, 4/18/19)

2019        Apr 24, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un arrived in the Russian city of Vladivostok or a summit he is likely to use to seek support from President Vladimir Putin while Pyongyang's nuclear talks with Washington are in limbo.
    (Reuters, 4/24/19)

2019        Apr 25, Russian President Vladimir Putin said North Korean leader Kim Jong Un confirmed during their first summit he is willing to give up his nuclear weapons, but only if he gets an ironclad guarantee of security beforehand.
    (AP, 4/25/19)

2019        May 3, The UN's top food agencies said about 10 million people in North Korea are facing "severe food shortages" after the East Asian nation had one of the worst harvests in a decade.
    (AP, 5/3/19)

2019        May 4, US President Donald Trump says he still believes a nuclear deal with North Korea will happen, after the country fired several unidentified short-range projectiles into the sea off its eastern coast.
    (AP, 5/4/19)

2019        May 5, North Korean state media showed leader Kim Jong Un observing live-fire drills of long-range multiple rocket launchers and what appeared to be a new short-range ballistic missile, a day after South Korea expressed concern that the launches were a violation of an inter-Korean agreement to cease all hostile acts.
    (AP, 5/05/19)

2019        May 9, North Korea fired two suspected short-range missiles toward the sea, its second weapons launch in five days and a possible warning that nuclear disarmament talks with Washington could be in danger.
    (AP, 5/09/19)
2019        May 9, The US called on North Korea to "dismantle all political prison camps" and release all political prisoners, who it said numbered between 80,000 and 120,000.
    (Reuters, 5/09/19)
2019        May 9, The United States announced a highly unusual seizure of a huge North Korean cargo ship involved in banned coal transports.
    (AP, 5/10/19)

2019        May 14, North Korea accused the United States of betraying the spirit of a summit agreement last June between leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump, called the US seizure of a North Korean cargo ship involved in banned coal exports a "robbery," and demanded that the vessel be returned immediately.
    (AP, 5/14/19)

2019        May 15, North Korea said it is suffering its worst drought in nearly four decades amid reports of severe food shortages.
    (AP, 5/15/19)

2019        May 17, North Korea sent a letter asking United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to deal with the "illegal" seizure of one of its cargo ships by the United States.
    (Reuters, 5/18/19)
2019        May 17, South Korea decided to allow its businesspeople to visit their factories at an industrial park in North Korea that was shut down by Seoul's previous conservative government in 2016 following a North Korean nuclear test.
    (AP, 5/17/19)
2019        May 17, South Korea said that it would provide $8 million in humanitarian aid to North Korea's malnourished children and pregnant women.
    (SFC, 5/18/19, p.A2)

2019        May 20, South Korea vowed to move quickly on plans to provide $8 million worth of medical and nutritional aid for North Korean children through UN agencies while it also considers sending broader food aid to the country, which says it is suffering its worst drought in decades.
    (AP, 5/20/19)

2019        May 22, North Korea labeled Joe Biden a "fool of low IQ" and an "imbecile bereft of elementary quality as a human being" after the US presidential hopeful called North Korean leader Kim Jong Un a tyrant during a recent speech.
    (AP, 5/22/19)

2019        May 24, North Korea said that nuclear negotiations with the United States will never resume unless the Trump administration moves away from what Pyongyang described as unilateral demands for disarmament.
    (AP, 5/24/19)

2019        May 27, North Korea called US National Security Adviser John Bolton a "war monger" and "human defect" after he described its recent tests of short-range missiles as a violation of UN Security Council resolutions.
    (AP, 5/27/19)
2019        May 27, President Donald Trump said he is not "personally" bothered by recent short-range North Korean missile tests and doesn't believe they violated UN Security Council resolutions, breaking with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who is hosting the president on a four-day state visit full of pageantry and pomp.
    (AP, 5/27/19)

2019        May 28, The UN human rights office reported that North Koreans are forced to pay bribes to officials to survive in their isolated country where corruption is "endemic" and repression rife, Pyongyang dismissed the report as politically motivated.
    (Reuters, 5/28/19)

2019        May 31, South Korea said that it is scrambling to prevent the spread of the highly contagious African swine fever on its pig industry after North Korea confirmed an outbreak at a farm near its border with China.
    (AP, 5/31/19)
2019        May 31, A South Korean newspaper reported that North Korea executed a senior envoy involved in nuclear negotiations with the US as well as four other high-level officials [see July 16].
    (AP, 5/31/19)

2019        Jun 5, It was reported that North Korea will temporarily suspend the latest edition of its famous mass games, which involve thousands of performers working in precise synchronization, after the premiere drew strong criticism from leader Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 6/5/19)
2019        Jun 5, South Korea said that North Korea has so far ignored its calls for joint efforts to stem the spread of highly contagious African swine fever following an outbreak near North Korea's border with China.
    (AP, 6/5/19)

2019        Jun 11, The South Korea-based human rights group Transitional Justice Working Group said it has identified hundreds of spots where witnesses claim North Korea carried out public executions and extrajudicial state killings as part of an arbitrary and aggressive use of the death penalty that is meant to intimidate its citizens.
    (AP, 6/11/19)

2019        Jun 18, The Japanese coast guard said than 300 North Korean boats have been forced out of Japan's exclusive economic zone near Yamatotai since May.
    (AP, 6/18/19)
2019        Jun 18, South Korea said two of four North Korean fishermen, who were rescued June 15 off a boat drifting in South Korean waters, will remain in the country after expressing their desire to defect. The two other fishermen were sent back to North Korea through an inter-Korean village.
    (AP, 6/18/19)

2019        Jun 19, South Korea said it plans to send 50,000 tons of rice to North Korea through the World Food Program, in its second aid package announced in past weeks as it seeks to help with North Korean food shortages and improve bilateral relations.
    (AP, 6/19/19)

2019        Jun 20, Chinese President Xi Jinping began a 2-day visit to North Korea, the first by a Chinese president in 14 years. Kim Jong Un said that his country is waiting for a desired response in stalled nuclear talks with the United States.
    (AP, 6/20/19)

2019        Jun 21, North Korean state media said that China's Pres. Xi Jinping and leader Kim Jong Un held broad discussions over the political situation surrounding the Korean Peninsula and reached a shared understanding on the issues they discussed. Xi Jinping left North Korea on his Air China Boeing 747.
    (AP, 6/21/19)

2019        Jun 23, The White House confirmed that President Donald Trump had sent a letter to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, days before the US president leaves for a trip to Japan and South Korea.
    (Reuters, 6/23/19)

2019        Jun 29, US Pres. Donald Trump arrived in Seoul ahead of a trip to the Demilitarized Zone the following day and a possible third meeting with the North's Kim Jong Un.
    (AFP, 6/29/19)

2019        Jun 30, US Pres. Donald Trump met with North Korea's Kim Jong Un at the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Korea becoming the first American president to set foot in North Korea. Trump announced that he and Kim had agreed to resume stalled talks on denuclearization in the coming weeks.
    (AP, 6/30/19)

2019        Jul 3, The parents of Otto Warmbier filed a claim for a seized North Korean cargo ship, seeking to collect on a multimillion-dollar judgment awarded in the American college student's death.
    (AP, 7/6/19)

2019        Jul 4, Australian student Alek Sigley (29), released after a week in detention in North Korea, arrived in Tokyo after telling reporters he was in "very good" condition, without saying what happened to him.
    (AP, 7/4/19)

2019        Jul 6, North Korea said that Australian student Alek Sigley, who it detained for a week, had spread anti-Pyongyang propaganda and engaged in spying by providing photos and other materials to news outlets with critical views toward the North.
    (AP, 7/6/19)
2019        Jul 6, Choe In-guk (73) arrived in Pyongyang, North Korea's capital, to dedicate the rest of his life to Korean unification at the guidance of leader Kim Jong Un. Choe is the son of former South Korean Foreign Minister Choe Dok-shin, who defected to North Korea with his wife in 1986.
    (AP, 7/8/19)(SFC, 7/9/19, p.A4)

2019        Jul 11, It was reported that North Korea has revised its constitution to make Kim Jong Un head of state, a promotion that could help normalize the isolated country’s diplomatic relations with the rest of the world.
    (Bloomberg, 7/11/19)

2019        Jul 16, South Korean intelligence said Kim Hyok Chol, a North Korean nuclear negotiator who was reported to have been executed over the failure of the February Hanoi summit between Kim Jong-un and US President Donald Trump, is still alive.
    (The Telegraph, 7/16/19)

2019        Jul 17, Two South Korean and 15 Russian crew members were aboard a Russia-flagged fishing boat when it was detained by North Korea. North Korea is holding six other South Koreans it has detained in recent years for alleged attempts to build underground Christian churches inside the North and other anti-state charges.
    (AP, 7/24/19)

2019        Jul 18, The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) said rates of malnutrition and disease are increasing in North Korea as it faces a harvest that is half of what was expected.
    (Reuters, 7/18/19)

2019        Jul 25, North Korea fired two short-range missiles into the sea in its first weapons launches in more than two months and an apparent effort to pressure Washington as the two sides struggle to restart nuclear negotiations. South Korea said the two weapons were a new type of ballistic missile.
    (AP, 7/25/19)

2019        Jul 26, South Korea's central bank said North Korea's economy shrank in 2018 for a second straight year, and by the most in 21 years, as it was battered by international sanctions aimed at stopping its nuclear program and by drought.
    (Reuters, 7/26/19)

2019        Jul 28, Two South Koreans and 15 Russians returned to South Korea about 10 days after their boat drifted into North Korean waters.
    (AP, 7/28/19)

2019        Jul 29, South Korea said it's returning three North Koreans who crossed the Koreas' sea border aboard a wooden fishing boat over the weekend in line with their wishes.
    (AP, 7/29/19)

2019        Jul 31, South Korea's military said North Korea conducted its second weapons test in less than a week, firing two short-range ballistic missiles off its east coast in a move observers said could be aimed at boosting pressure on the United States as the rivals struggle to set up fresh nuclear talks.
    (AP, 7/31/19)
2019        Jul 31, A North Korean soldier crossed the demilitarized zone into South Korea late today and was taken into Seoul’s custody.
    (The Telegraph, 8/1/19)

2019        Aug 2, North Korea fired what appeared to be short-range ballistic missiles twice today into the sea off its eastern coast in its third round of weapons tests in just over a week.
    (AP, 8/2/19)

2019        Aug 5, Washington revoked visa-free entry rights to the United States for foreigners who have visited North Korea in the past eight years, potentially dealing a new blow to the isolated country's nascent tourist industry.
    (AFP, 8/6/19)

2019        Aug 6, North Korea held its fourth weapons test in just under two weeks and accused the United States of "inciting military tension" by holding joint exercises with South Korea and said Pyongyang would take measures to defend itself.
    (AP, 8/6/19)(Reuters, 8/6/19)

2019        Aug 7, It was reported that a confidential UN report reveals that North Korea has been employing a range of sophisticated cyberattacks in an effort to bankroll its development of weapons of mass destruction.
    (BGR News, 8/7/19)

2019        Aug 10, North Korea extended a recent streak of weapons displays by firing what appeared to be two short-range ballistic missiles into the sea.
    (AP, 8/10/19)
2019        Aug 10, US President Donald Trump said that Kim Jong Un told him North Korea was ready to resume talks on its nuclear and missile program as soon as US-South Korea military exercises ended.
    (Reuters, 8/10/19)

2019        Aug 12, It was reported that UN experts are investigating at least 35 instances in 17 countries of North Koreans using cyberattacks to illegally raise money for weapons of mass destruction programs — and they are calling for sanctions against ships providing gasoline and diesel to the country.
    (AP, 8/12/19)

2019        Aug 16, North Korea bluntly criticized South Korean President Moon Jae-in for continuing to hold military exercises with the US and over his rosy comments on inter-Korean diplomacy, and said Pyongyang has no current plans to talk with Seoul. Hours later South Korea's military detected two projectiles North Korea fired into the sea to extend a torrid streak of weapons display that's apparently aimed at pressuring Washington and Seoul over their joint drills and slow nuclear negotiations.
    (AP, 8/16/19)

2019        Aug 19, The Trump administration reported the extension of a ban on the use of US passports for travel to North Korea for another year. The ban was imposed in September 2017 by then-Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and renewed in 2018.
    (AP, 8/19/19)

2019        Aug 23, North Korea's foreign minister called US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo a "poisonous plant of American diplomacy" and vowed to "shutter the absurd dream" that sanctions will force a change in Pyongyang.
    (AP, 8/23/19)

2019        Aug 24, North Korea’s Kim Jong Un guided a test fire of a newly developed super-large multiple rocket launcher. Two suspected short-range ballistic missiles were fired off its east coast in the seventh weapons launch in a month, a day after it vowed to remain America's biggest threat in protest of US-led sanctions on the country. US Pres. Donald Trump downplayed the latest launch.
    (AP, 8/24/19)(Bloomberg, 8/24/19)

2019        Aug 29, North Korea's parliament approved changes to the country's constitution to solidify leader Kim Jong Un’s role as head of state.
    (Reuters, 8/29/19)

2019        Aug 30, The US Treasury Department said it has imposed sanctions on two people and three firms and has identified a blocked ship that it says helped North Korea evade sanctions.
    (Reuters, 8/30/19)

2019        Sep 4, North Korea told the United Nations to cut the number of international staff it deploys in the country because the world body's programs have failed "due to the politicization of UN assistance by hostile forces".
    (Reuters, 9/4/19)

2019        Sep 5, A UN report said North Korea is pressing ahead with its nuclear weapons program while evading sanctions.
    (AFP, 9/6/19)

2019        Sep 7, Typhoon Lingling hit South Korea and swept along the country's coast, toppling trees, grounding planes and causing at least three deaths before moving on to North Korea. At least 3 people were killed.
    (AP, 9/7/19)

2019        Sep 8, North Korea reported that Typhoon Lingling has left five people dead and three injured since the storm made landfall in the country a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/8/19)

2019        Sep 10, North Korea fired projectiles into the sea, hours after Pyongyang said it was willing to hold working-level talks this month with the United States.
    (The Telegraph, 9/10/19)
2019        Sep 10, Media watchdog Committee to Protect Journalists listed Eritrea as the world’s most censored state. North Korea and Turkmenistan came in 2nd and third. The report also cited extreme measures in nine other countries including China and Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 9/10/19)

2019        Sep 13, The US Treasury announced sanctions on three North Korean hacking groups it said were involved in the "WannaCry" ransomware attacks and hacking of international banks and customer accounts. It named the groups as Lazarus Group, Bluenoroff, and Andariel and said they were controlled by the RGB, North Korea's primary intelligence bureau, which is already subject to US and United Nations sanctions.
    (Reuters, 9/13/19)

2019        Sep 17, It was reported that Russian border guards have detained two North Korean boats in Russian territorial waters in the Sea of Japan after one of them attacked a Russian patrol.
    (Reuters, 9/17/19)

2019        Sep 19, The UN said North Korea's crop production this year is expected to drop to its lowest level in five years, bringing serious shortages for 40% of the population, as a dry spell and poor irrigation hit an economy already reeling from sanctions over its weapons programs.
    (Reuters, 9/19/19)

2019        Sep 27, Russia detained three North Korean vessels and more than 200 crew in the second such incident in two weeks as part of a clampdown on poaching by the secretive nation's fishermen.
    (Reuters, 9/27/19)

2019        Oct 2, North Korea fired what appeared to be a submarine-launched ballistic missile, just days before Washington and Pyongyang were set to resume long-stalled nuclear talks.
    (AFP, 10/2/19)

2019        Oct 3, North Korea confirmed it has carried out its first underwater-launched ballistic missile test in three years, in an apparent bid to dial up pressure on the United States ahead of a weekend resumption of their nuclear diplomacy.
    (AP, 10/3/19)

2019        Oct 5, North Korean and US officials gathered for new nuclear talks in Stockholm after months of deadlock and Pyongyang's defiant test of a sea-launched ballistic missile this week.
    (AP, 10/5/19)

2019        Oct 6, North Korea said that it won't meet with the United States for more "sickening negotiations" unless it abandons its "hostile policy" against the North, as the two countries offered different takes on their weekend nuclear talks in Sweden.
    (AP, 10/6/19)

2019        Oct 10, North Korea threatened again to resume nuclear and long-range missile tests, accusing the US of having instigated some members of the UN Security Council to condemn its recent weapons tests.
    (AP, 10/10/19)
2019        Oct 10, A UN photo showed eight North Korean vessels, several carrying illicit coal shipments, anchored in Chinese waters off the port of Ningbo-Zhoushan. The photo was made public on April 17, 2020.
    (Reuters, 4/18/20)

2019        Oct 12, North Korea's foreign ministry "strongly demanded" that Japan pay compensation for a fishing boat that sank when it collided with a Japanese patrol boat earlier this week.
    (Reuters, 10/12/19)

2019        Oct 21, The US won a court battle to take control of a North Korean cargo ship, a bulk carrier known as the “Wise Honest," that had been used to sell coal and import heavy machinery, skirting economic sanctions on the country. The ship was interdicted by Indonesia in international waters last year.
    (Bloomberg, 10/21/19)

2019        Oct 22, An independent UN investigator on human rights said food insecurity in North Korea "is at an alarming level," with nearly half the population — 11 million people — undernourished.
    (AP, 10/22/19)

2019        Oct 23, North Korea said that leader Kim Jong-un has ordered the destruction of all facilities built by South Korea at the Mount Kumgang (Diamond Mountain) tourist zone, apparently because of Seoul’s refusal to break ranks with the United States.
    (SFC, 10/24/19, p.A4)

2019        Oct 24, North Korea accused US officials of maintaining hostility against Pyongyang despite a "special" relationship between leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump and urged Washington to act "wisely" through the end of the year.
    (AP, 10/24/19)

2019        Oct 27, North Korea said it's running out of patience with the United States over what it described as hostile policies and unilateral disarmament demands, and warned that a close personal relationship between the leaders alone wouldn't be enough to prevent nuclear diplomacy from derailing.
    (AP, 10/27/19)

2019        Oct 29, North Korea rejected South Korea's request for working-level talks to discuss the possible demolition of South Korean-made hotels and other facilities at the North's Diamond Mountain resort that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un wants removed. North Korea said face-to-face meetings would be unnecessary and repeated its stance that details should be worked out through document exchanges.
    (AP, 10/29/19)

2019        Oct 31, North Korea fired two short-range projectiles, as nuclear talks between Pyongyang and Washington remained at a deadlock.
    (AFP, 10/31/19)

2019        Nov 1, North Korea confirmed it conducted its third test-firing of a new "super-large" multiple rocket launcher that it says expands its ability to destroy enemy targets in surprise attacks.
    (AP, 11/1/19)

2019        Nov 7, South Korea handed two men, understood to both be in their 20s, to North Korean officials at the border truce village of Panmunjom. The two men had admitted that they and another member of the vessel’s crew had killed a boat captain in late October because he had been abusive. The men added that they then killed the other 15 crew of the ship and threw their bodies overboard. The men asked for asylum in South Korea but, after a three-day investigation, the request was denied.
    (The Telegraph, 11/7/19)

2019        Nov 13, North Korea’s supreme decision-making body lashed out at planned US-South Korean military drills and warned that the US will face a “bigger threat and harsh suffering" if it ignores North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s end-of-year deadline to salvage nuclear talks.
    (AP, 11/13/19)

2019        Nov 14, North Korea said it had turned down a US offer for fresh talks, saying it was not interested in more talks merely aimed at "appeasing us" ahead of a year-end deadline Pyongyang has set for Washington to show more flexibility in the negotiations. North Korea launched a visceral diatribe against US Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden, calling the former vice-president a "rabid dog" -- while also borrowing the terminology of Donald Trump.
    (Reuters, 11/14/19)(AFP, 11/14/19)
2019        Nov 14, A key UN committee approved a resolution condemning North Korea’s widespread human rights violations which may amount to crimes against humanity — a decision denounced by the country’s UN mission as “politically motivated" and based on “fabrications".
    (AP, 11/14/19)

2019        Nov 17, North Korea said nuclear issues will not be discussed when talks with the United States restart unless the withdrawal of US "hostile policy" was put on the agenda.
    (Reuters, 11/17/19)
2019        Nov 17, US Defense Secretary Mark Esper said the United States and South Korea have indefinitely postponed a joint military exercise in an “act of goodwill" toward North Korea.
    (AP, 11/17/19)

2019        Nov 18, North Korea responded to a tweet by US President Donald Trump that hinted at another summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, saying it has no interest in giving Trump further meetings to brag about unless it gets something substantial in return.
    (Politico, 11/18/19)

2019        Nov 21, North Korea rejected an invitation for leader Kim Jong Un to attend a planned summit in South Korea next week with Southeast Asian nations, saying it would be "pointless" due to strained ties with Seoul.
    (AP, 11/21/19)

2019        Nov 28, North Korea fired two "unidentified projectiles" as nuclear talks between Pyongyang and Washington remained deadlocked.
    (The Telegraph, 11/28/19)
2019        Nov 28, Virgil Griffith (36), was once dubbed an “internet man of mystery," was arrested at Los Angeles International Airport Thanksgiving Day and arraigned the following day. He faced 20 years in prison if convicted of flouting US law to give North Korea advice on evading American sanctions by using cryptocurrency.
    (The Daily Beast, 11/29/19)

2019        Dec 6, North Korea's Rodong Sinmun newspaper reported the recent launch of the "Treatment Tourism Exchange Corporation", aimed at capitalizing on the "rising demand for tourism, including medical care, in line with an international trend".
    (Reuters, 12/6/19)

2019        Dec 7, North Korea carried out a "very important" test at tits Sohae satellite launch site, a rocket testing ground that US officials once said Pyongyang had promised to close.
    (AFP, 12/8/19)

2019        Dec 10, The United States held back a UN Security Council meeting to discuss North Korea’s human rights abuses, after Pyongyang warned it would be a “serious provocation".
    (The Independent, 12/11/19)

2019        Dec 11, It was reported that North Korean state-backed hackers appear to be cooperating with Eastern European cybercriminals, a finding that suggests digital gangsters and state-backed spies are finding common ground online.
    (AP, 12/11/19)(http://tinyurl.com/s6yc83s)

2019        Dec 12, North Korea said the United States had nothing to offer it in possible renewed talks aimed at getting Pyongyang to give up its nuclear and missile programs after Washington said it was ready to take "concrete steps" towards securing a deal.
    (Reuters, 12/12/19)

2019        Dec 13, North Korea conducted another "crucial test" at its Sohae satellite launch site, as nuclear negotiations between Pyongyang and Washington remain stalled with a deadline approaching.
    (AFP, 12/14/19)

2019        Dec 16, China and Russia proposed easing sanctions against nuclear-armed North Korea, in response to steps the North takes towards denuclearization. The US knocked back the call to ease sanctions on North Korea despite threats of further provocations, as President Donald Trump said he would “take care of" any threats the regime had in the works.
    (AFP, 12/16/19)(Bloomberg, 12/17/19)

2019        Dec 28, Japanese police found the remains of at least five people in a wooden boat suspected to be from North Korea on Sado Island in Niigata prefecture. Police found the heads of two persons, as well as five bodies. The wrecked boat was found a day earlier.
    (The Telegraph, 12/28/19)(AP, 12/29/19)

2019        Dec 28, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un presided over a plenary meeting of the party's Central Committee convened in Pyongyang. Kim made a speech on overall state affairs and the work of the Central Committee.
    (AP, 12/28/19)

2019        Dec 30, Microsoft Corp said it has taken control of web domains which were used by a hacking group called "Thallium" to steal information. Microsoft said Thallium is believed to be operating from North Korea.
    (Reuters, 12/30/19)

2020        Jan 1, Kim Jong Un declared he was no longer bound by his pledge to halt major missile tests and would soon debut a “new strategic weapon," adding to President Donald Trump’s foreign policy concerns in a politically charged election year.
    (Bloomberg, 1/1/20)

2020        Jan 14, It was reported that UN sanctions experts are warning people not to attend a cryptocurrency conference in North Korea in February, flagging it as a likely sanctions violation, according to a confidential report due to be submitted to the UN Security Council later this month.
    (Reuters, 1/14/20)

2020        Jan 22, North Korea banned foreign tourists to guard against the spread of a new virus from China.
    (AP, 1/22/20)

2020        Jan 22, A senior US official said on China has failed to send home North Korean workers by a December 22 deadline in violation of a 2017 United Nations resolution. The United States has estimated Pyongyang was earning more than $500 million a year from nearly 100,000 workers abroad, of which some 50,000 were in China and 30,000 in Russia.
    (Reuters, 1/22/20)

2020        Jan 28, North Korea said it will impose a one-month quarantine on all foreigners arriving from China in a bid to prevent the spread of a new coronavirus. The new strain of virus has killed at least 106 people in China and infected more than 4,500.
    (Reuters, 1/28/20)
2020        Jan 28, A German court ruled that a hostel situated on the grounds of the North Korean embassy in Berlin must close as its operation breaches sanctions aimed at stopping the flow of hard currency to Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 1/28/20)

2020        Jan 30, North Korea said it is intensifying efforts to prevent the spread of a new virus from China into the isolated country by blocking tourists, reducing flights and mobilizing more screening efforts.
    (AP, 1/30/20)

2020        Feb 8, North Korea failed to stage a parade in central Pyongyang, the 72nd anniversary of the founding of the country’s armed forces. This appeared to be a sign of the regime's fear of the coronavirus spreading from China.
    (AP, 2/10/20)

2020        Feb 9, A report released by Recorded Future, a Cambridge, Mass., said North Korea has vastly expanded its use of the internet in ways that enable its leader, Kim Jong Un, to evade a “maximum pressure" US sanctions campaign and turn to new forms of cybercrime to prop up his government.
    (AP, 2/10/20)

2020        Feb 10, A confidential United Nations report disclosed that. North Korea stepped up its exports of illegal coal shipments in 2019, with most of those deliveries headed for China.
    (Bloomberg, 2/10/20)

2020        Feb 21, A Western tour company said North Korea has called off its Pyongyang Marathon scheduled for April after imposing a border lockdown and travel curbs to prevent a coronavirus outbreak.
    (Reuters, 2/21/20)

2020        Feb 27, It was reported that North Korea has postponed the new school term to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus.
    (AFP, 2/27/20)

2020        Mar 2, North Korea launched two short-range projectiles off its east coast in the country’s first weapons test in three months.
    (AP, 3/2/20)
2020        Mar 2, China’s UN ambassador said that North Korea is suffering “negatively" from the coronavirus and called for greater flexibility from the United States and other countries on lifting sanctions against the country.
    (AP, 3/2/20)
2020        Mar 2, The US Department of Justice announced that two Chinese nationals have been indicted in the District of Columbia on two counts related to operating a money laundering business. The two Chinese allegedly laundered cryptocurrency stolen by North Korean hackers between December 2017 and April 2019, helping to hide the stolen currency from police. The US sued to gain control of cryptocurrency accounts North Korea allegedly used to steal more than $250 million from Bitcoin and Ether exchanges in 2018.
    (Reuters, 3/3/20)(Bloomberg, 3/3/20)

2020        Mar 4, North Korea's Kim Jong Un sent South Korean President Moon Jae-in a letter expressing condolences over the coronavirus outbreak. This was the North Korean leader’s first public overture to his counterpart in more than four months.
    (Bloomberg, 3/5/20)

2020        Mar 9, North Korea fired what appeared to be three short-range ballistic missiles off its eastern coast, raising regional security concerns as world leaders battle the spread of the coronavirus.
    (AP, 3/9/20)
2020        Mar 9, A special North Korean flight believed to be carrying dozens of diplomats and other foreigners arrived in Russia's Far East, as the North tightens a lockdown intended to fend off the coronavirus.
    (AP, 3/9/20)
2020        Mar 9, South Korea-based Daily NK reported that around 200 North Korean soldiers from several branches of the military have died from symptoms that may have been caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).
    (https://tinyurl.com/r85wkr7)(Daily NK, 3/12/20)

2020        Mar 10, UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet said that “apparently systematic" human rights violations in North Korean detention centers, including sexual violence against women and girls, could amount to crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 3/10/20)

2020        Mar 17, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un acknowledged that his country lacks modern medical facilities and called for urgent improvements.
    (AP, 3/18/20)

2020        Mar 21, North Korea fired what appeared to be two short-range ballistic missiles off its east coast, the latest in a series of such launches by Pyongyang.
    (AFP, 3/21/20)

2020        Mar 22, North Korea reported that President Donald Trump has sent a personal letter to leader Kim Jong Un, seeking to maintain good relations and offering cooperation in fighting the coronavirus pandemic.
    (AP, 3/22/20)

2020        Mar 25, The Financial Times reported that North Korean officials have sought urgent help from international contacts to increase coronavirus testing in a nation that could see its dilapidated health care system be crushed by an outbreak.
    (Bloomberg, 3/25/20)

2020        Mar 29, North Korea fired what appeared to be two short-range ballistic missiles into its eastern sea, marking the fourth launch of projectiles this month as the rest of the world grapples with the Covid-19 outbreak.
    ((Bloomberg, 3/28/20), 3/29/20)

2020        Mar 30, UN members extended the mandate of the UN panel of experts monitoring sanctions against North Korea until April 30, 2021, and stressed the importance of supporting the UN's far-flung peacekeeping operations.
    (AP, 3/30/20)

2020        Apr 11, North Korea's leader Kim Jong Un was last seen in public on April 11, when he presided over a meeting discussing coronavirus prevention and electing his sister as an alternate member of the political bureau of the ruling Workers’ Party. South Korean intelligence combined with North Korean state media reports later suggest that Kim could have suffered some sort of medical setback.
    (AFP, 4/11/20)    (AP, 4/27/20)

2020        Apr 14, North Korea fired a barrage of missiles from both the ground and fighter jets that splashed down on the waters off the country's east coast.
    (NBC News, 4/14/20)

2020        Apr 15, US government officials warned about the threat of North Korean hackers, calling particular attention to banking and other finance.
    (Reuters, 4/15/20)

2020        Apr 17, Radio Free Asia reported that North Korean authorities told citizens in public lectures that there were confirmed cases of the coronavirus in the country as early as the end of March.
    (Reuters, 4/18/20)

2020        Apr 21, Reports surfaced that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was in fragile condition following heart surgery.
    (SFC, 4/21/20, p.A2)

2020        May 1, Newly released footage of Kim Jong UN glad-handing at a North Korean fertilizer production plant north of Pyongyang appeared to put an end to speculation about his health.
    (The Telegraph, 5/2/20)

2020        May 3, North Korean gunfire hit a Southern guard post, prompting Seoul's soldiers to return fire a few minutes later and broadcast warnings. On May 26 the United Nations Command (UNC) said the shooting was a violation of the 1953 armistice agreement. The last time the two sides exchanged fire on the border was in 2014.
    (AFP, 5/26/20)

2020        May 6, South Korea’s spy agency that the coronavirus pandemic has likely taken a heavy toll on North Korea, forcing leader Kim Jong Un to avoid public activities and his people into panic buying for daily necessities.
    (AP, 5/6/20)

2020        May 27, Britain closed its embassy in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang and ordered its staff to leave the country. The surprise closure was linked to coronavirus-related restrictions in place since earlier this year.
    (The Telegraph, 5/27/20)

2020        May 28, The US charged 28 North Korean and 5 Chinese nationals with laundering more than $2.5 billion used to help fund Pyongyang's nuclear weapons and missile program.
    (The Week, 5/29/20)

2020        May 29, A Berlin official said a hostel on the grounds of the North Korean embassy has been closed. It was accused of helping finance the East Asian country in violation of international sanctions.
    (AP, 5/29/20)

2020        Jun 4, South Korea said it planned to push new laws to ban activists from flying anti-Pyongyang leaflets over the border after North Korea threatened to end an inter-Korean military agreement reached in 2018 to reduce tensions if Seoul fails to prevent the protests.
    (AP, 6/4/20)

2020        Jun 9, North Korea announced that it is severing all official communication links with the South. Analysts said the move was aimed at manufacturing a crisis on the divided peninsula. Pyongyang has refused to engage with Seoul for months, with few if any conversations on the lines aside from test calls.
    (AFP, 6/9/20)

2020        Jun 10, South Korea’s government said that it will press charges against two activist groups that have been floating anti-Pyongyang leaflets and bottles filled with rice to North Korea.
    (AP, 6/10/20)

2020        Jun 11, In South Korea two North Korean defector-run groups targeted for legal action by South Korean authorities said they intend to continue sending propaganda leaflets and humanitarian aid into North Korea, despite criticism from governments in both countries.
    (Reuters, 6/11/20)

2020        Jun 14, South Korea convened an emergency security meeting and urged North Korea to uphold reconciliation agreements, hours after the North threatened to demolish a liaison office and take military action against its rival.
    (AP, 6/14/20)

2020        Jun 16, North Korea blew up a building where its officials and their South Korean counterparts had recently worked side by side, after weeks of threats to end the détente that has existed on the Korean Peninsula for the past two years. The liaison office was opened in 2018 as the first channel for full-time, person-to-person contact between the Koreas.
    (NY Times, 6/16/20)

2020        Jun 17, It was reported that North Korea has a cyber army of about 7,000, trained to find secrets, disrupt critical infrastructure, and steal money to circumvent sanctions.
    (Reuters, 6/17/20)

2020        Jun 20, State news agency KCNA said North Korea is gearing up to send propaganda leaflets over its southern border, denouncing North Korean defectors and South Korea.
    (AP, 6/20/20)

2020        Jun 22, North Korea said it has readied thousands of balloons and millions of leaflets in preparation for "retaliatory punishment" against South Korea.
    (AP, 6/22/20)
2020        Jun 22, A South Korean group launched hundreds of thousands of leaflets by balloon across the border into North Korea late today, despite repeated warnings from the North that it will retaliate against such actions. Activist park Sang-hak said his organization flew huge balloons carrying 500,000 leaflets, 2,000 one-dollar bills and small books into North Korea.
    (AP, 6/22/20)(SFC, 6/24/20, p.A2)

2020        Jun 24, North Korea said it will 'postpone' plans for military action against South Korea.
    (AP, 6/24/20)

2020        Jul 25, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un convened an emergency politburo meeting to implement a "maximum emergency system and issue a top-class alert" to contain the coronavirus. North Korea blamed the case on a defector returning from the south.
    (AFP, 7/26/20)
2020        Jul 25, It was reported that after a brief lull due to the COVID-19 pandemic, North Korea is carrying out large-scale smuggling operations off the coast of China in violation of UN sanctions, importing oil and selling coal and sand to keep its economy afloat.
    (NBC News, 7/25/20)

2020        Jul 28, North Korea introduced tougher prevention measures against the novel coronavirus, after it locked down the border town of Kaesong to tackle what could be its first publicly confirmed case of the respiratory disease.
    (Reuters, 7/28/20)
2020        Jul 28, The UN human rights office reported that scores of North Korean women who had traveled abroad in a desperate search for work were abused by security officials and police through beatings, detention in unsanitary conditions, undernourishment and invasive body searches after being sent back home. The women spoke to UN human rights officials after eventually fleeing North Korea following their detention.
    (AP, 7/28/20)

2020        Jul 30, The European Union prolonged sanctions against dozens of North Korean officials and agencies for a year over Pyongyang’s continued efforts to develop nuclear missiles and other weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 7/30/20)

2020        Jul, It was reported that a dark fleet of nearly 1,000 industrial-sized Chinese fishing boats were hauling huge numbers of squid from the waters within North Korea's 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone each year.
    (Econ., 10/24/20, p.53)

2020        Aug 3, In North Korea an apparent gas leak caused a deadly blast. As many as 15 people died in the explosion and resulting fire at a house in Hyesan, Yanggang Province.
    (Reuters, 8/5/20)
2020        Aug 3, A confidential new UN report warned that several countries believe North Korea has likely developed miniaturized nuclear devices to fit into the warheads of its nuclear devices.
    (The Telegraph, 8/3/20)

2020        Aug 6, It was reported that North Korea is quarantining thousands of people and shipping food and other aid to a southern city locked down over coronavirus worries.
    (The Telegraph, 8/6/20)

2020        Aug 7, In North Korea a train carrying goods arrived in the "totally blocked" city of Kaesong, following the discovery there of the country's first suspected coronavirus case.
    (The Telegraph, 8/8/20)

2020        Aug 12, Israel said it foiled a cyberattack targeting its defense industry by the Lazarus Group, a shadowy entity that the US has linked to North Korea.
    (AP, 8/12/20)

2020        Aug 13, A US-based think-tank said satellite imagery suggests recent flooding in North Korea may have damaged pump houses connected to the country's main nuclear facility.
    (Reuters, 8/13/20)

2020        Aug 14, North Korea said it had lifted a three-week lockdown that was imposed on a border city after a defector believed to be carrying the coronavirus sneaked back into the country.
    (AFP, 8/14/20)

2020        Aug 15, It was reported that nearly 1,500 acres of rice fields in North Korea were flooded and about 730 singe-story homes and 179 housing blocks destroyed as of early August. This has prompted leader Kim Jong Un to tap into his private grain reserves to feed victims.
    (Business Insider, 8/15/20)

2020        Aug 19, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un acknowledged the hardships faced by his population during the first meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea’s central body in eight months.
    (The Telegraph, 8/19/20)

2020        Aug 27, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visited a rice-growing area devastated by Typhoon Bavi. The storm slammed into the country’s southwestern province of Hwanghae, dealing a damaging blow to its corn stalks, rice paddies and other crops, and raising fears of increased hunger among an already malnourished population. Kim Jong Un said the country was "fortunate" and had suffered only limited damage.
    (AFP, 8/27/20)    (The Telegraph, 8/28/20)
2020        Aug 27, The US government sought to seize 280 cryptocurrency accounts it said were used by North Korean hackers who stole millions of dollars of cryptocurrency from two virtual exchanges, and used Chinese traders to launder their funds.
    (Reuters, 8/27/20)

2020        Sep 3, It was reported that Lee Young-guk (57) has published the book “I was Kim Jong-il’s bodyguard." Here he claims that he began a ten-year stint in the security team of current leader Kim Jong-un’s late father in 1978, after which he became a military adviser from 1988 to 1991. Mr. Lee faced, now in Canada, faced deportation to South Korea.
    (The Telegraph, 9/3/20)

2020        Sep 4, A new investigation into companies trading in the Chinese city of Dandong, on the border with North Korea, shed a spotlight on Pyongyang’s global money laundering networks and raised fresh questions about China’s complicity in bypassing United Nations sanctions against Kim Jong-un’s regime.
    (AP, 9/4/20)

2020        Sep 5, In North Korea a state newspaper reported that the ruling party is calling for the punishment of officials whose failure to follow orders resulted in "dozens of casualties" during typhoons that lashed the Korean peninsula this week.
    (Reuters, 9/5/20)

2020        Sep 7, Typhoon Haishen to a tropical storm late today as it made landfall near the North Korean coastal city of Hamhung. In South Korea, at least two people were missing as the storm barreled through South Korea’s southern and eastern regions.
    (AP, 9/7/20)

2020        Sep 9, North Korean state media said Typhoon Maysak wrecked nearly 60 bridges and destroyed or inundated more than 2,000 houses when it hit on Sep 3.
    (AP, 9/9/20)

2020        Sep 23, South Korea's Defense Ministry said a South Korean official (47), who disappeared off a government ship near the disputed sea boundary with North Korea this week, may be in North Korea.
    (AP, 9/23/20)

2020        Sep 24, South Korea’s Defense Ministry said North Korea shot and burned the body of a South Korean official who disappeared from a government boat earlier this week.
    (NBC News, 9/24/20)

2020        Sep 25, North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, offered a rare apology for the killing of a South Korean official by soldiers from the North. The victim was apparently trying to defect to the North.
    (NY Times, 9/25/20)

2020        Sep 30, A North Korean refugee has recounted how she was repeatedly raped by two South Korean spies, shedding a fresh spotlight on the widespread abuse of women during the dangerous process of defecting from the authoritarian North.
    (The Telegraph, 9/30/20)

2020        Sep, Ryu Hyun Woo, North Korea's acting ambassador to Kuwait, defected to South Korea, the latest in a recent string of high-profile escapes from the isolated country. This was only made public in 2021.
    (The Telegraph, 1/25/21)

2020        Oct 7, A South Korean MP confirmed that North Korea's former acting ambassador to Italy defected to the South after disappearing from the mission in Rome two years ago. Senior diplomat Jo Song-gil vanished with his wife in November 2018 and reportedly sought asylum, while his daughter was said to have been repatriated to the authoritarian state.
    (AP, 10/7/20)

2020        Oct 10, North Korea showed off a gigantic new intercontinental ballistic missile that analysts described as the biggest of its kind in the world, as the nuclear-armed country defied the coronavirus threat with thousands of maskless troops taking part in a military parade.
    (AP, 10/10/20)

2020        Oct 19, Human Rights Watch said torture, humiliation and coerced confessions are rampant in North Korea's pretrial detention system which treats people as worth "less than an animal," in a report on the country's opaque legal processes.
    (AFP, 10/19/20)

2020        Nov 4, North Korea introduced smoking bans in some public places to provide citizens with “hygienic living environments," raising questions about whether the nation’s chain-smoking supreme leader may kick the habit himself.
    (The Telegraph, 11/5/20)

2020        Nov 13, Microsoft said hacker groups backed by Russia and North Korea have targeted seven companies in the US, Canada, France, India, and South Korea. It blocked the "majority" of the attacks, but Microsoft acknowledged that some were successful.
    (AP, 11/13/20)

2020        Nov 19, The United States slapped sanctions on two companies it accused of being involved in exporting forced labor from North Korea and warned countries still using workers from the country to send them home.
    (Reuters, 11/19/20)

2020        Nov 27, Britain's National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) said North Korea authorized a state-sponsored cyber gang to pose as headhunters in an attempt to steal Britain's Covid-19 vaccine secrets.
    (The Telegraph, 11/27/20)
2020        Nov 27, South Korea’s spy agency told lawmakers that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has ordered at least two people executed, banned fishing at sea and locked down the capital, Pyongyang, as part of frantic efforts to guard against the coronavirus and its economic damage.
    (AP, 11/27/20)

2020        Dec 1, The US State Department accused China of "flagrant violation" of its obligation to enforce international sanctions on North Korea and said Washington would offer rewards of up to $5 million for information about sanctions evasions.
    (Reuters, 12/1/20)

2020        Dec 1, It was reported that a new official biography of Kim Jong-un published to mark the 75th anniversary of the founding of North Korea’s Workers’ Partyhas been criticized for major omissions, including that his mother is half-Japanese.
    (The Telegraph, 12/1/20)
2020        Dec 1, A US analyst claimed that China has provided North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and his family with an experimental coronavirus vaccine.
    (The Telegraph, 12/1/20)

2020        Dec 2, It was reported that suspected North Korean hackers have recently tried to break into at least nine health organizations, including pharmaceutical giant Johnson & Johnson and vaccine developer Novavax Inc, revealing a broader effort to target key players in the race to develop treatments for COVID-19.
    (Reuters, 12/2/20)

2020        Dec 3, The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said its last remaining foreign staff have left North Korea, the latest in a mass exodus of foreigners amid strict coronavirus lockdowns.
    (Reuters, 12/3/20)

2020        Dec 8, The Trump administration escalated steps to rein in North Korea’s efforts to evade international sanctions with new penalties.
    (AP, 12/8/20)

2020        Dec 11, Eight mainly Western nations accused North Korea of using the pandemic “to crack down further on the human rights of its own people," pointing to reports of an uptick in executions related to the coronavirus and strict controls on movements in and around the capital.
    (AP, 12/11/20)

2020        Dec 14, South Korea’s parliament approved contentious legislation criminalizing the flying of propaganda leaflets by balloon toward North Korea, despite fierce criticism that the country is sacrificing freedom of expression to improve ties with the rival North.
    (AP, 12/14/20)

2020        North Korea passed legislation dubbed the “Law on the Elimination of Reactionary Thought and Culture," which can result in the death penalty for watching, owning, or distributing media from capitalist countries such as South Korea and the US.
    (Kotaku, 11/24/21)

2021        Jan 5, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un opened the nation's first full ruling party congress in five years with an admission that his economic plans have failed.
    (AP, 1/5/21)

2021        Jan 6, North Korea leader Kim Jong Un vowed to strengthen the country's military defenses in a speech at a major ruling party meeting. Kim presented goals for developing the North’s transport, construction, commerce and other industries and proposed ways to expand production in agriculture, light industry and fishing to improve public livelihoods.
    (AP, 1/6/21)

2021        Jan 9, The Korean Central News Agency said North Korean leader Kim Jong Un called the US his biggest enemy and vowed to advance Pyongyang's nuclear arsenal.
    (AP, 1/9/21)

2021        Jan 11, North Korean media reported that leader Kim Jong Un has been given the title of general secretary of the ruling Workers’ Party formerly held by his late father and grandfather, in a move apparently aimed at bolstering his authority amid growing economic challenges.
    (AP, 1/11/21)

2021        Jan 14, North Korea late today displayed new submarine-launched ballistic missiles under development and other military hardware in a parade that underlined leader Kim Jong Un’s defiant calls to expand the country's nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 1/14/21)

2021        Jan 17, North Korea’s rubber-stamp parliament passed decisions made by a major ruling party meeting where leader Kim Jong Un vowed to bolster his nuclear deterrent and established plans to salvage the country's battered economy.
    (AP, 1/17/21)

2021        Feb 8, A United Nations panel reported that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has relied on government hackers to upgrade his country's nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
    (AP, 2/9/21)

2021        Feb 9, It was reported that a preliminary UN inquiry into the theft of $281 million worth of assets from a cryptocurrency exchange last September "strongly suggests" links to North Korea. Industry analysts pointed to Seychelles-based KuCoin as the victim of one of the largest reported digital currency heists.
    (Reuters, 2/9/21)

2021        Feb 11, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un ripped into the performance of his Cabinet and fired a senior economic official he appointed a month ago, saying they'd failed to come up with new ideas to salvage an economy in decay.
    (AP, 2/11/21)

2021        Feb 16, South Korea’s intelligence service said that North Korea has attempted to hack Pfizer and steal COVID-19 vaccine technology.
    (AP, 2/16/21)

2021        Feb 17, US federal prosecutors said 3 North Koreans have been indicted in the crippling 2014 Sony Pictures Entertainment hack and a wide-ranging scheme to steal and extort more than $1 billion in cash and cryptocurrency from banks and companies based across the globe.
    (AP, 2/17/21)

2021        Mar 18, A top North Korean diplomat acknowledged that the United States had recently tried to initiate contact, but blasted the attempts as a "cheap trick" that would never be answered until Washington dropped hostile policies.
    (Reuters, 3/18/21)

2021        Mar 19, Malaysia said it will order all North Korean diplomats to leave the country within 48 hours, an escalation of diplomat brawl over Malaysia’s move to extradite a North Korean suspect to the United States for money laundering charges.
    (AP, 3/19/21)
2021        Mar 19, A UN spokesman said the world body in North Korea has been left with no international staff, who are now working remotely.
    (AP, 3/19/21)

2021        Mar 21, North Korea fired short-range missiles, just days after the sister of Kim Jong Un threatened the United States and South Korea for holding joint military exercises.
    (AP, 3/23/21)

2021        Mar 23, North Korea's official Central News Agency said that leader Kim Jong Un called for stronger “unity and cooperation" with China in the face of challenges posed by “hostile forces" while exchanging messages with Chinese President Xi Jinping.
    (AP, 3/23/21)
2021        Mar 23, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un broke ground for 10,000 new apartments in the capital city of Pyongyang, despite economic crises that have left other signature construction projects stalled.
    (Reuters, 3/24/21)

2021        Mar 25, North Korea fired two unidentified projectiles into its eastern waters. The new solid-fuel missiles demonstrated low-altitude, maneuverable flight and accurately hit a sea target 600 kilometers (372 miles) away.
    (SFC, 3/25/21, p.A4)(AP, 3/26/21)
2021        Mar 26, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution to renew the mandate of UN experts monitoring sanctions against North Korea hours after members met to discuss Pyongyang’s latest test firings of banned ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 3/26/21)

2021        Mar 27, North Korea announced it will continue to expand its nuclear weapons program after President Biden criticized Pyongyang's most recent missile test this week.
    (AP, 3/27/21)
2021        Mar 27, It was reported that the US has for the first time extradited North Korean national Mun Chol Myong (55) to face a criminal trial in America. An indictment unsealed this week alleged that Myong defrauded banks and laundered money in an attempt to skirt US and UN sanctions on North Korea. He was detained by local authorities in Malaysia in May 2019.
    (Business Insider, 3/27/21)

2021        Apr 1, Russia’s embassy in North Korea said the country is suffering severe shortages of medicines and necessary goods amid the coronavirus pandemic. It said fewer than 290 foreigners remain in Pyongyang.
    (AP, 4/1/21)

2021        Apr 6, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un acknowledged his country was facing the “worst-ever situation" as he addressed thousands of grassroots members of his ruling party during a major political conference in Pyongyang.
    (AP, 4/7/21)
2021        Apr 6, It was reported that Japan has extended its own sanctions against North Korea for another two years as Pyongyang continues to develop its nuclear weapons without any progress in resolving the abductions of Japanese nationals.
    (AP, 4/6/21)

2021        Apr 8, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un called for waging another “arduous march" to fight severe economic difficulties, for the first time comparing them to a 1990s famine that killed hundreds of thousands, while speaking to lower-level Workers' Party of Korea members.
    (AP, 4/9/21)

2021        May 2, North Korea warned the United States will face “a very grave situation" because President Joe Biden “made a big blunder" in his recent speech by calling the North a security threat and revealing his intent to maintain a hostile policy against it.
    (AP, 5/2/21)

2021        May 22, It was reported that North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un recently banned mullets and other "non-socialist" haircuts – as well as skinny jeans – over fears the fashions would lead to capitalistic urges among the closed-off nation’s young people.
    (Fox News, 5/22/21)

2021        May 29, North Korea's KCNA reported that more than 700 orphans had volunteered to work on cooperative farms, an iron and steel complex, and in forestry, among other areas. According to a 2020 US State Department report on human rights practices, in some cases children ages 16 and 17 were enrolled in military-style construction brigades for 10-year periods and subjected to long working hours and hazardous work.
    (Reuters, 5/29/21)

2021        May 31, North Korea said the US allowing South Korea to build more powerful missiles was an example of the US’s hostile policy against the North, warning that it could lead to an “acute and instable situation" on the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 5/31/21)

2021        Jun 1, South Korea's Yonhap news agency said North Korea's ruling party has amended its rules to create a de facto second-in-command under leader Kim Jong Un as he looks to revamp domestic politics.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)

2021        Jun 3, South Korea's state-run Korea Development Institute think tank said North Korea has been identified as experiencing a food crisis, with many households experiencing undernourishment or minimal levels of nutrition.
    (The Telegraph, 6/3/21)

2021        Jun 15, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un warned about possible food shortages and urged the country to brace for extended COVID-19 restrictions as he opened a major political conference to discuss national efforts to salvage a broken economy.
    (AP, 6/15/21)

2021        Jun 17, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un ordered his government to be prepared for both dialogue and confrontation with the Biden administration — but more for confrontation.
    (AP, 6/18/21)

2021        Jun 21, The Biden administration announced that it is extending for another year a more than decade old executive order declaring a national emergency over the nuclear threat from North Korea.
    (Axios, 6/21/21)

2021        Jun 23, North Korea’s foreign minister said his country is not even considering a resumption of stalled nuclear talks with the United States, dismissing hopes expressed by US and South Korean officials for a quick resumption of negotiations.
    (AP, 6/23/21)

2021        Jun 29, North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un said that lapses in his country’s anti-pandemic campaign have caused a “great crisis" that threatened “grave consequences." Mr. Kim to convened a meeting of the Political Bureau of his ruling Workers’ Party, during which he reshuffled the top party leadership.
    (NY Times, 6/29/21)

2021        Jul 1, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said he’ll push to further upgrade relations with China, his main ally, as he struggles to navigate his country out of a deepening crisis linked to the pandemic.
    (AP, 7/1/21)

2021        Jul 11, The North Korean and Chinese leaders expressed their desire to further strengthen their ties as they exchanged messages marking the 60th anniversary of their countries’ defense treaty.
    (Axios, 7/11/21)

2021        Jul 21, In Japan the United States, Japan and South Korea reaffirmed their commitment to work together on North Korea's denuclearization and other regional threats but made no progress in bringing closer together the two US allies.
    (AP, 7/21/21)

2021        Jul 23, US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman expressed sympathy for North Koreans facing hardships and food shortages linked to the pandemic, and renewed calls for the North to return to talks over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 7/23/21)

2021        Jul 26, It was reported that United Kingdom's All-Party Parliamentary Group on North Korea released a 91-page document last week that government brass killed residents of the country, tortured political prisoners, engaged in sex trafficking, and conducted forced abortions as well as infanticide from 2014 to 2021.
    (Washington Examiner, 7/26/21)

2021        Jul 27, North and South Korea reopened hotlines for direct communication between the two countries. Communication between the two countries had ended last summer.
    (Business Insider, 7/27/21)

2021        Jul 30, A federal judge in New York City issued a judgment of forfeiture authorizing the US to take ownership of the 2,734-ton M/T Courageous, which is currently in Cambodia. The tanker ship was allegedly used in an illegal scheme to smuggle oil to North Korea.
    (AP, 7/30/21)

2021        Aug 3, South Korea’s spy agency said that North Korea is releasing emergency military rice reserves as its food shortage worsens, with a heat wave and drought reducing the country’s supply. The Delta Plus variant is a sub-lineage of the Delta variant first identified in India, and has acquired the spike protein mutation called K417N, which is also found in the Beta variant first identified in South Africa.
    (AP, 8/3/21)

2021        Aug 5, North Korea’s state TV reported that heavy rains in northeastern North Korea have destroyed or flooded 1,170 houses and forced 5,000 residents to evacuate to safety.
    (AP, 8/6/21)

2021        Aug 8, North Korean state media said leader Kim Jong Un has mobilized the military to carry out relief work in areas recently hit by heavy rains, amid concerns over an economic crisis and food shortage.
    (AP, 8/8/21)

2021        Aug 22, State media said North Korea has developed its own polymerase chain reaction (PCR) equipment to conduct coronavirus tests as the country steps up efforts to head off more contagious new strains of the virus.
    (Reuters, 8/22/21)

2021        Aug 27, The UN atomic watchdog IAEA reported that North Korea appears to have restarted a nuclear reactor that is widely believed to have produced plutonium for nuclear weapons.
    (Reuters, 8/29/21)

2021        Sep 1, UNICEF said North Korea has rejected roughly three million COVID-19 vaccine doses of China's Sinovac Biotech (SVA.O), saying they should be sent to severely affected countries.
    (Reuters, 9/1/21)

2021        Sep 2, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un ordered officials to wage a tougher epidemic prevention campaign in “our style" after he turned down some foreign COVID-19 vaccines offered via the UN-backed immunization program.
    (AP, 9/2/21)
2021        Sep 2, Human Rights Watch said North Korea is forcing its youth into "backbreaking" labor at mines, farms, and construction sites.
    (Business Insider, 9/3/21) 
2021        Sep 2, The Biden administration extended for one year a Trump-era ban on the use of US passports for travel to North Korea.
    (AP, 9/2/21)

2021        Sep 8, North Korea put tractor-towed artillery, fire engines and health personnel in orange hazmat suits on show at a parade in Pyongyang late today, rather than the more usual tanks and ballistic missiles for its 73rd anniversary.
    (AFP, 9/8/21)

2021        Sep 13, North Korea said it had successfully launched newly developed long-range cruise missiles, its first missile test in six months and a new indication that an arms race between North and South Korea was heating up on the Korean Peninsula.
    (NY Times, 9/13/21)

2021        Sep 15, North Korea and South Korea test fired ballistic missiles, the latest volley in an arms race that has seen both countries develop increasingly sophisticated weapons while efforts to get talks going on defusing tension prove fruitless.
    (Reuters, 9/15/21)

2021        Sep 17, It was reported that recent satellite images show North Korea is expanding a uranium enrichment plant at its main Yongbyon nuclear complex, a sign that it’s intent on boosting the production of bomb materials.
    (AP, 9/17/21)

2021        Sep 28, North Korea successfully tested a new hypersonic missile, as it continued to expand its military capabilities and pressure Washington and Seoul over long-stalled negotiations over its nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 9/29/21)

2021        Sep 30, North Korean state media reported that Kim Yo Jong, the sister of leader Kim Jong Un, has been promoted to become a member of the country's top decision-making body.
    (Business Insider, 9/30/21)
2021        Sep 30, North Korea fired a newly developed anti-aircraft missile, the latest in a recent series of weapons tests that has come as denuclearization talks with the United States have been in deadlock.
    (Reuters, 10/1/21)

2021        Oct 4, The two Koreas restored their hotlines that the North severed months ago, with Pyongyang urging Seoul to step up efforts to improve relations after criticizing what it called double standards over weapons development.
    (Reuters, 10/4/21)

2021        Oct 6, The World Health Organization said it has started shipping COVID-19 medical supplies into North Korea, a possible sign that the North is easing one of the world’s strictest pandemic border closures to receive outside help.
    (AP, 10/6/21)

2021        Oct 10, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un urged officials to focus on improving citizens' lives in the face of a "grim" economic situation on the 76th anniversary of the founding of the Workers' Party of Korea.
    (AP, 10/11/21)

2021        Oct 13, A UN investigator said North Koreans living under strict pandemic restrictions are facing a growing food crisis and the most vulnerable children and elderly people in the isolated Asian nation are at risk of starvation.
    (AP, 10/13/21)

2021        Oct 19, North Korea fired a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) off its east coast.
    (Reuters, 10/19/21)

2021        Oct 20, The US and several European countries condemned North Korea’s recent missile tests and said Pyongyang’s technical advances demonstrate the urgent need to ramp up implementation of UN sanctions on its nuclear and missile programs and its economic activities.
    (AP, 10/20/21)

2021        Oct 28, South Korea’s intelligence agency told a closed-door parliamentary hearing that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had issued orders calling for every grain of rice to be secured and all-out efforts devoted to farming.
    (Reuters, 10/29/21)

2021        Nov, Radio Free Asia reported that copies of Squid Game had been smuggled into North Korea on USB drives and SD cards. A man who is said to have smuggled in the show was later sentenced to death by a firing squad.
    (Kotaku, 11/24/21)

2021        Dec 10, The United States imposed extensive human rights-related sanctions on dozens of people and entities tied to China, Myanmar, North Korea and Bangladesh, and added Chinese artificial intelligence company SenseTime Group to an investment blacklist.
    (Reuters, 12/10/21)

2021        Dec 13, South Korean President Moon Jae-in said the US, North Korea, his country and China have agreed "in principle" to declare a formal end to the Korean War. But they've yet to meet on the matter due to Pyongyang's demands.
    (Axios, 12/13/21)

2021        Dec 15, North Korea's state media reported that Kim Yong Ju (b.1920), the younger brother of North Korea founder Kim Il Sung who was once regarded as the country’s No. 2 official before his nephew was anointed as the next ruler, has died.
    (AP, 12/15/21)
2021        Dec 15, The Seoul-based Transitional Justice Working Group, in a report titled report titled "Mapping Killings under Kim Jong Un: North Korea's Response to International Pressure," documented 27 executions, most by firing squad, on charges that included of watching or distributing South Korean videos, drugs, prostitution and human trafficking.
    (Reuters, 12/15/21)

2021        Dec 17, For the 10th anniversary of Kim Jong Il’s death, North Koreans were required to enter an 11-day mourning period and adhere to several bans the government imposed, such as laughing, drinking alcohol and participating in leisure activities.
    (Radio Free Asia, 12/17/21)

2021        Dec 27, North Korea opened a key political conference to review past projects and discuss new policies amid the pandemic and a diplomatic deadlock with the United States.
    (AP, 12/27/21)

2021        Dec 30, North Korea urged its 1.2 million troops to unite behind leader Kim Jong Un and defend him with their lives, as the country celebrated the 10th anniversary of Kim’s ascension to supreme commander of the military.
    (AP, 12/30/21)
2021        Dec 30, South Korean media outlets reported that North Korea has allegedly stolen over $1.7 billion worth of crypto from exchanges over several years.
    (BeInCrypto, 12/30/21)

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