Timeline Israel (D) 2005 - 2015
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Israel A: to 1960
Israel B: 1961-1995
Israel C: 1996- 2004

2005        Jan 1, Israel was forecast for 3.8% annual GDP growth with a population at 7 million and GDP per head at $17,540.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.94)

2005        Jan 3, Jewish settlers clashed with Israeli troops who came to tear down two structures at an unauthorized West Bank outpost, and a soldier was arrested for encouraging comrades to refuse to evacuate the settlement.
    (AP, 1/3/05)

2005        Jan 4, Two Israeli tank shells slammed into a field in response to Palestinian mortar fire, killing seven Palestinians youths working in a strawberry field.
    (AP, 1/4/05)(SFC, 1/4/05, p.A3)

2005        Jan 5, A group calling itself "The Free People of the Galilee" claimed that it abducted Dana Bennet, an Israeli-American woman, in Aug 2003, and demanded that Israel release 1,000 Palestinian prisoners in exchange for information about her fate.
    (AP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 5, Two homemade Palestinian rockets fell into an army base in southern Israel, wounding 12 people, one of them seriously.
    (AP, 1/5/05)

2005        Jan 7, Palestinian militants attacked a group of Israeli civilians outside the West Bank city of Nablus, wounding four people, including one who was in critical condition.
    (AP, 1/7/05)

2005        Jan 9, Stanley Fischer, Zambian-born vice-chairman of Citigroup, accepted the nomination to be the next governor of the Bank of Israel.
    (Econ, 1/15/05, p.69)
2005        Jan 9, A French officer serving with U.N. peacekeepers in Lebanon was killed by Israeli shelling, shortly after a Hezbollah bomb attack killed an Israeli soldier and wounded three others near the southern border.
    (AP, 1/9/05)

2005        Jan 11, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip launched a barrage of homemade rockets and mortar rounds at Jewish towns and settlements, hours after newly elected Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas extended his hand in peace to Israel.
    (AP, 1/11/05)

2005        Jan 12, Islamic militants detonated a bomb near a Jewish settlement in the southern Gaza Strip, killing an Israeli civilian and wounding three soldiers.
    (AP, 1/12/05)

2005        Jan 13, Israel's foreign minister said the planned sale of advanced Russian missiles to Syria will disrupt regional stability and Moscow should call off the deal.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Palestinian militants killed six Israeli workers at a Gaza crossing. 3 Palestinian attackers were also killed.
    (AP, 1/14/05)(SFC, 1/14/05, p.A3)

2005        Jan 14, Israel sealed off the Gaza Strip but signaled it will hold off on harsh retaliation for an attack by Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 1/14/05)

2005        Jan 16, A top PLO decision-making body called on Palestinian militants to halt attacks against Israel, charging that the violence gives Israel an excuse to carry out military operations.
    (AP, 1/16/05)

2005        Jan 17, Israeli warplanes attacked suspected Hezbollah targets in southern Lebanon after the guerrillas said they blew up an Israeli bulldozer in a disputed area near the border, reportedly causing casualties.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 17, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas ordered his security forces to try to prevent attacks against Israel and to investigate a shooting at a Gaza Strip crossing that killed six Israeli civilians last week.
    (AP, 1/17/05)

2005        Jan 20, Israeli officials accepted a Palestinian plan to deploy hundreds of police officers along the Gaza-Israel frontier Jan 21, in the first act of security cooperation with Israel under Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 1/20/05)

2005        Jan 21, Hundreds of armed Palestinian police deployed across the northern Gaza Strip on Friday to prevent rocket fire on Israeli communities.
    (AP, 1/21/05)

2005        Jan 23, Israeli leaders said it willing to suspend military operations against Palestinian militants if they call off attacks.
    (AP, 1/23/05)

2005        Jan 24, Militant groups have agreed to suspend attacks as they near a formal truce deal with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas and await Israel's response.
    (AP, 1/24/05)

2005        Jan 25, The top Hamas leader said his militant group is prepared to suspend attacks if Israel stops targeting militants and agrees to release thousands of Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 1/25/05)

2005        Jan 26, Israel and the Palestinian Authority resumed diplomatic contacts after a two-week freeze, and Israel agreed to suspend targeted killings of Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 1/26/05)

2005        Jan 28, Israel's army chief ordered troops to halt operations in the Gaza Strip and to scale back raids in the West Bank, as hundreds of Palestinian police deployed in the volatile central and southern parts of the territory.
    (AP, 1/28/05)

2005        Jan 30, More than 100,000 demonstrators gathered in Jerusalem to protest PM Ariel Sharon's plan to evacuate all 21 Jewish settlements from Gaza and four from the West Bank, demanding it be put to a national referendum.
    (AP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, Israeli troops killed a 65-year-old man who entered an unauthorized area near an army post.
    (AP, 1/31/05)

2005        Jan 31, Jewish settlers and their supporters protested outside parliament for a 2nd day against Israel's planned withdrawal from Palestinian territories. Palestinian officials said a 10-year-old Palestinian girl was shot and killed by Israeli tank fire at a UN school in the Rafah refugee camp.
    (AP, 1/31/05)

2009        Jan, The Tamar gas field was discovered off the coast of Israel. It was the largest gas find this year.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.54)(www.offshore-technology.com/projects/tamar-field/)

2005        Feb 3, Israeli Cabinet ministers approved the release of 900 Palestinian prisoners and a military pullout from the West Bank town of Jericho within days.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal said that fugitives in his Palestinian group would not sign pledges to halt attacks because that would negate the legitimacy of their right to fight the Israeli occupation.
    (AP, 2/3/05)

2005        Feb 8, In Sharm El-Sheik, Egypt, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas declared that their people would stop all military and violent attacks against each other, pledging to get peace talks back on track. The Palestinian militant group Hamas said it would not be bound by the cease-fire declarations.
    (AP, 2/8/05)

2005        Feb 9, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas said Israel will lift travel restrictions on Palestinians in parts of the West Bank and abandon several major checkpoints as part of its withdrawal from five towns in the coming weeks.
    (AP, 2/9/05)

2005        Feb 10, Palestinian militants fired dozens of mortar shells and homemade rockets at Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, prompting Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas to order his security forces to move quickly to preserve a new cease-fire with Israel. Abbas fired his top security commanders following the attacks.
    (AP, 2/10/05)(WSJ, 2/11/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 11, A day after firing his top security commanders, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas headed to the Gaza Strip to demand that militant leaders stop attacking Israelis, a strong sign of his determination to enforce a fragile truce with Israel.
    (AP, 2/11/05)

2005        Feb 13, Israel's Cabinet approved a list of names of 500 Palestinian prisoners to be released in coming days, and several hundred Palestinian workers returned to jobs in Israel in line with agreements reached at a Mideast summit last week.
    (AP, 2/13/05)

2005        Feb 16, Israel's parliament gave the final approval to PM Ariel Sharon's plan to withdraw from the Gaza Strip and four West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 2/16/06)

2005        Feb 17, Hundreds of Jewish settlers took first steps to eventually leave their homes in the Gaza Strip, a day after Israel's parliament approved $871 million in compensation for them.
    (AP, 2/17/05)

2005        Feb 18, Israel let 16 of about 55 Palestinians expelled from the West Bank return home, and it has concluded that demolishing the homes of Palestinian suicide bombers and gunmen does not deter attackers and should be stopped.
    (AP, 2/18/05)

2005        Feb 20, Israel's Cabinet gave final approval to the government's planned withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and four West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 2/20/05)

2005        Feb 21, Israel freed 500 Palestinian prisoners in a goodwill gesture.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2005        Feb 25, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of young Israelis waiting outside the Stage nightclub near Tel Aviv's beachfront promenade just before midnight, killing at least four other people, wounding dozens.
    (AP, 2/25/05)(SFC, 2/26/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 26, Palestinian and Israeli security forces arrested 7 suspected militants in connection with a suicide bombing that killed four Israelis at a Tel Aviv nightclub. The bomber was identified as Abdullah Badran (21), a student from the West Bank village of Deir al-Ghusun.
    (AP, 2/26/05)(SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A7)

2005        Feb 28, Israeli troops discovered a vehicle packed with half a ton of explosives in the West Bank, the largest bomb found in four years of fighting.
    (AP, 3/1/05)

2005        Mar 6, Israeli investigators said police had arrested 22 employees of a Tel Aviv bank branch on suspicion they helped launder hundreds of millions of dollars in one of the largest such rings in the country's history.
    (AP, 3/6/05)
2005        Mar 6, Palestinian militants shot and wounded two Israeli border policemen in an attack on a military post near a West Bank shrine.
    (AP, 3/7/05)

2005        Mar 9, An Israeli inquiry into the establishment of unauthorized West Bank settlement outposts found widespread complicity of successive Israeli governments and recommended that prosecutors consider investigations some of those involved.
    (AP, 3/9/05)

2005        Mar 10, Israeli troops killed an Islamic Jihad Palestinian militant in a raid on a village near the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 3/10/05)

2005        Mar 13, Israel's Cabinet adopted a report on the state's complicity in setting up 105 illegal West Bank settlement outposts and decided to dismantle 24 of them.
    (AP, 3/13/05)

2005        Mar 14, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said the United Nations is establishing a register of property damage caused by Israel's West Bank separation barrier. Hundreds of Palestinians protested the barrier outside the walled Palestinian government compound where he spoke.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2005        Mar 16, Israeli troops handed Jericho to Palestinian security control, dismantling a checkpoint and easing travel restrictions in what was seen as a message to ordinary Palestinians that an informal truce is starting to pay off.
    (AP, 3/16/05)

2005        Mar 17, Palestinian militants declared a halt to attacks on Israel for the rest of this year, their longest cease-fire promise ever and a victory for Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 3/17/05)

2005        Mar 18, Israel welcomed a temporary truce declared by Palestinian militants and promised to hold its fire in return, but demanded that the Palestinian Authority eventually dismantle the armed groups.
    (AP, 3/18/05)

2005        Mar 18, King Abdullah II of Jordan proposed a new peace strategy that drops traditional Arab demands that Israel give up all land seized in the 1967 war and offers the Jewish state normalized relations with Arab countries.
    (AP, 3/19/05)

2005        Mar 21, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators reached agreement on handing over control of the West Bank town of Tulkarem to Palestinian security forces.
    (AP, 3/21/05)

2005        Mar 22, Israel completed its handover of the West Bank town of Tulkarem to Palestinian security control.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2005        Mar 28, Israeli troops raided the West Bank town of Jenin, carrying out house-to-house searches and arresting eight Palestinians.
    (AP, 3/28/05)

2005        Apr 4, A Palestinian official immediately denounced Israeli plans to dispose of garbage on Palestinian land in the West Bank, as violating international law, saying, "We are not a dumping ground."
    (AP, 4/4/05)

2005        Apr 9, Israeli border troops shot and killed 3 Palestinian youths in a southern Gaza Strip refugee camp in violence that ended weeks of calm.
    (AP, 4/9/05)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.A5)

2005        Apr 10, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon arrived in Texas to meet with President Bush.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2005        Apr 10, Thousands of Israeli police encircled Jerusalem's Old City to keep Israeli ultranationalists out of a disputed holy site and prevent protests by jittery Muslim worshippers.
    (AP, 4/10/05)

2005        Apr 14, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian militant in the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas on ordered reforms of his security services, a key Israeli and U.S. condition for renewing peace negotiations.
    (AP, 4/14/05)

2005        Apr 17, Israel's Cabinet unanimously approved the release of nine Jordanian prisoners.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Israeli defense industry executives said the US has frozen Israel out of the development of a prestigious jet fighter as punishment for its military cooperation with China.
    (AP, 4/17/05)

2005        May 22, First Lady Laura Bush was heckled by protesters during a visit to holy sites in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 5/22/06)

2005        Apr 24, Ezer Weizman (80), former Israeli president (1993-2000), died. He was a political moderate who pioneered contacts with Palestinian leaders and helped bring about the Jewish state's first peace treaty with an Arab country. As defense minister in 1979, he was instrumental in negotiating Israel's peace treaty with Egypt.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.81)

2005        Apr 27, Vladimir Putin became the first Kremlin leader to visit Israel, capping a historic rapprochement between two nations that once faced each other as bitter enemies across the Cold War divide.
    (AP, 4/27/05)

2005        Apr 30, Palestinian security officials said Israeli special forces entered Tulkarem before dawn and arrested 18-year-old Mohammed Shalhoub. Israeli military officials said Shalhoub was an Islamic Jihad militant preparing an imminent suicide attack against Israelis and had already filmed the video testament often left by suicide bombers.
    (AP, 5/1/05)

2005        May 1, Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan arrived in Israel for a visit seeking to mend relations with the Jewish state and join in a new wave of Middle East peace efforts.
    (AP, 5/1/05)

2005        May 2, Israeli cabinet minister Natan Sharansky resigned to protest the planned Gaza withdrawal, which he called a "tragic mistake" that will encourage Palestinian violence and deepen the rift in Israeli society.
    (AP, 5/2/05)
2005        May 2, An Israeli soldier and a Palestinian fugitive were killed in a shootout at Seideh in the West Bank.
    (AP, 5/2/05)(SFC, 5/3/05, p.A5)

2005        May 3, Israeli officials said Hamas must disarm before participating in Palestinian parliament elections this summer, in a new twist to their standoff with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas over his refusal to use force against militants.
    (AP, 5/3/05)

2005        May 4, Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz said he is freezing the handover of West Bank towns to Palestinian security control because the Palestinians have failed to honor their promise to disarm militants.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 4, Israeli soldiers shot and killed two Palestinian youths in a West Bank village near the city of Ramallah.
    (AP, 5/5/05)

2005        May 6, Alvaro de Soto was appointed the Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process. He resigned in May, 2007.

2005        May 9, PM Ariel Sharon told Israeli media that Israel's evacuation of the Gaza Strip will be put off until mid-August.
    (AP, 5/9/05)

2005        May 11, A Katyusha rocket fired from Lebanon landed in the northern Israeli town of Shlomi heavily damaging a factory and drawing an Israeli threat of retaliation.
    (AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 13, Hezbollah shelled Israeli positions in the disputed Chebaa Farms near the border, and the Israeli army returned fire in the heaviest exchange in months between Israel and the Lebanese guerrilla force.
    (AP, 5/13/05)

2005        May 18, An Israeli aircraft fired at a group of Hamas militants who were about to shoot mortar shells at a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/18/05)

2005        May 20, Palestinian militants fired six anti-tank missiles and a mortar round and opened up with light arms at a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/20/05)

2005        May 21, The Palestinian interior ministry said the Hamas militant group has agreed to halt mortar and rocket fire on Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, a deal meant to save a truce threatened by three consecutive days of violence.
    (AP, 5/21/05)

2005        May 22, In Palestine protesters besieged Laura Bush during her visit to two of Jerusalem's most sacred sites.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian Authority said they had agreed terms for a feasibility study on transferring water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea, to save the world's lowest sea from vanishing.
    (AP, 5/22/05)

2005        May 24, World Orthodox leaders gathered in Istanbul, the ancient seat of Orthodoxy. They decided to stop recognizing the beleaguered patriarch of Jerusalem, Irineos I, for allegedly leasing sites in the Palestinian side of the city to Jewish investors. They asserted a rare unified position on the crisis facing the church in the Holy Land.
    (AP, 5/24/05)(WSJ, 5/25/05, p.A1)

2005        May 29, Israel's Cabinet approved the release of 400 Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 5/29/05)

2005        May 30, The Israeli military targeted rocket launchers just before an attack was to be launched from northern Gaza, and two launchers were destroyed.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2005        May 31, Two-thirds of Israel's Ein Gedi nature reserve was destroyed by fire, causing considerable damage to animal and plant life in the lush oasis sandwiched between the harsh Judean Desert and the Dead Sea.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, James Wolfensohn, former World Bank chief, assumed the post of special envoy for Gaza disengagement for the Quartet (USA, Russia, EU and UN). He was assigned to co-ordinate Israelís imminent withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and to focus on economic ways to help Palestinians after the Israeli exit. He left the post a year later.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Wolfensohn)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.55)

2005        Jun 1, Jerusalem city engineer Uri Shetrit said 88 homes in an Arab neighborhood are marked for demolition to make way for an archaeological park documenting the disputed city's ancient Jewish origins.
    (AP, 6/1/05)

2005        Jun 2, Israel released 398 Palestinian prisoners, completing a pledge made under a cease-fire agreement, hours after Israel and the Palestinians announced their leaders would soon meet for the first time since February.
    (AP, 6/2/05)(WSJ, 6/3/05, p.A1)

2005        Jun 7, Israeli soldiers killed a top Islamic Jihad militant in a West Bank gunbattle, and a Palestinian mortar attack on a Jewish settlement in Gaza killed two non-Israeli workers.
    (AP, 6/7/05)

2005        Jun 8, In Palestine 3 workers at a Jewish settlement in Gaza were killed in a Palestinian mortar strike, two West Bank militants were shot dead by soldiers and an infiltrator from Egypt to Gaza was gunned down by Israeli forces.
    (AP, 6/8/05)

2005        Jun 13, Israel was elected one of 21 vice-presidents of the next UN General Assembly session.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 19, Israel publicly apologized to the US over arms exports to China that have drawn criticism from Washington and strained U.S.-Israeli security ties.
    (AP, 6/19/05)

2005        Jun 20, Palestinian gunmen ambushed an Israeli minivan driving through the northern West Bank, riddling the vehicle with bullets, killing one passenger and wounding a second.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2005        Jun 21, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon met for the first time since declaring a February truce, but the summit was clouded by Israel's arrest of 52 Islamic Jihad activists and a missile strike in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, In southern Israel a passenger train plowed into a coal truck and sent three cars tumbling off the tracks in a sunflower field, killing seven people and injuring nearly 200.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

2005        Jun 22, The first Palestinian-Israeli summit in four months failed to propel peace prospects forward or solidify a shaky truce, leaving main issues unresolved and both sides disappointed.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2005        Jun 23, Jerusalem officials said they will ban the annual gay pride parade set for next week, claiming the march would offend many of the holy city's residents.
    (AP, 6/23/05)

2005        Jun 26, Israeli Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom released a letter saying Israel wished "to express our regret for the activities which resulted in the arrest and conviction of two Israeli citizens in New Zealand on criminal charges and apologize for the involvement of Israeli citizens in such activities." The two nations restored full diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 26, An Israeli court ruled that Jerusalem's gay pride parade could proceed as planned and ordered the city's mayor to pay $6,500 out of his own pocket for trying to stop it.
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jun 27, A military court convicted Wahid Taysir, a former Israeli soldier, of manslaughter in the killing of Tom Hurndall, a pro-Palestinian British activist on Apr 11, 2003. Taysir, a member of Israel's Bedouin Arab minority, charged the army with racism, saying he was prosecuted because he is an Arab and his victim was a foreigner.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jun 29, Extremist opponents of Israel's Gaza pullout plan scattered nails and oil across a main highway during morning rush hour, bringing traffic to a halt in the first of a wave of violent demonstrations planned throughout the day.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Hezbollah guerrillas attacked Israeli forces in a disputed part of the south Lebanon border, wounding six soldiers and triggering an Israeli airstrike. The Israeli strike killed Hezbollah guerrilla Milhem Hassan Salhab (35).
    (AP, 6/30/05)(AP, 7/4/05)

2005        Jun 30, The Israeli military isolated the Gaza Strip, declaring it a "closed military zone" to prevent Jewish extremists from going in.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, An ultra-Orthodox Jew stabbed and wounded two marchers in the annual Jerusalem Gay Pride parade.
    (AP, 6/30/05)

2005        Jul 1, Egypt and Israel signed a commercial agreement committing Egypt to export natural gas to Israel.
    (Econ, 3/28/09, p.56)(www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/egisgas.html)

2005        Jul 8, An Israeli security guard shot dead a Palestinian teenager during a protest against Israel's West Bank separation barrier.
    (AP, 7/9/05)

2005        Jul 11, Deputy PM Shimon Peres said Israel is asking the US for $2.2 billion in additional aid to help fund its upcoming withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and parts of the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/11/05)

2005        Jul 12, Sami Abu Khalil (18), from the West Bank village of Atil, detonated 22 pounds of explosives strapped to his body outside a shopping mall in Netanya. He killed two 16-year-old girls and a 31-year-old woman. A 50-year-old woman died in the hospital the next day.
    (AP, 7/13/05)

2005        Jul 13, Israeli troops reoccupied the West Bank city of Tulkarem early, killing a Palestinian policeman in a firefight and arresting five Islamic Jihad activists after the militant group killed four Israelis in a suicide bombing.
    (AP, 7/13/05)

2005        Jul 15, The Israeli military launched an airstrike at a van carrying a group of Hamas militants and a cache of homemade rockets in a Gaza City street, killing 4 people.
    (AP, 7/15/05)

2005        Jul 16, Israeli troops raided towns across the West Bank, arresting 26 suspected Palestinian militants. Israeli aircraft launched a series of airstrikes in Gaza City and the southern Gaza town of Khan Younis.
    (AP, 7/16/05)

2005        Jul 19, Israeli police encircled thousands of Gaza withdrawal opponents, confining them to a fenced-in farming village to prevent them from marching to the nearby Gaza Strip. Israeli and Palestinian leaders announced a fresh truce.
    (AP, 7/19/05)(Econ, 7/23/05, p.41)

2005        Jul 24, Palestinian militants killed two Israeli motorists in the Gaza Strip. Israeli troops killed 2 of the gunmen. A suicide bomber was caught near an Israeli communal farm with a belt packed with 11 pounds of explosives.
    (AP, 7/24/05)(WSJ, 7/25/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 25, Israel expressed outrage that Pope Benedict XVI failed to condemn terrorist attacks against Israelis. Pope Benedict urged dialogue with the best elements of Islam.
    (SFC, 7/26/05, p.A3)

2005        Jul 26, Officials said Jerusalem planners have approved the construction of a new Jewish neighborhood in the city's Muslim Quarter.
    (AP, 7/26/05)

2005        Jul 27, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian stone-thrower during an arrest raid that caught a wanted Islamic Jihad militant in this West Bank town.
    (AP, 7/27/05)

2005        Jul, Israelís Knesset passed capital market reforms.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.68)

2005        Aug 3, Islamic Jihad, a major Palestinian militant group, declared that it would fire no more rockets at Israelis through Israel's planned Gaza Strip withdrawal, after a deadly barrage inadvertently killed a 5-year-old Palestinian boy.
    (AP, 8/3/05)

2005        Aug 4, Israel announced plans to expand a settlement near Jerusalem even as it prepares to withdraw from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, Eden Natan Zada (19), an Israeli soldier absent without leave, opened fire while riding a bus in Shfaram, killing 4 Israeli Arabs and wounding 13. A video released later shows him being beaten to death by the crowd immediately after, while he was still on the bus.
    (AP, 8/4/05)(SFC, 8/5/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eden_Natan-Zada)

2005        Aug 7, Israeli Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu resigned from his post to protest next week's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and part of the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/7/05)

2005        Aug 11, An ex-soldier was sentenced to eight years in prison for fatally shooting British activist Tom Hurndall in April, 2003. It was the first case in which an Israeli soldier was convicted of killing a foreigner during more than four years of Israeli-Palestinian violence.
    (AP, 8/11/05)

2005        Aug 13, For the first time in a decade, the founders and top political leaders of Hamas gathered on the same stage, vowing to go on fighting Israel and claiming victory for its impending withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/13/05)

2005        Aug 14, Israel sealed the Gaza Strip to Israeli civilians, signaling the start of the historic withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/14/06)

2005        Aug 15, Israel began to pull out from the Gaza Strip after 38 years of occupation. Asher Weisgen (Weisgan), an Israeli settler, murdered four Palestinians under his employ and wounded a fifth near Shilo in an effort to prevent Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. On Sep 27, 2006, Weisgan was sentenced to 4 consecutive life terms plus 12 years and ordered to pay $53,000 to the families of those killed and $23,000 to Rauhi Kassab, who survived.
    (AP, 8/15/05)(http://dc.indymedia.org/newswire/display/135780/index.php)

2005        Aug 16, Israeli security forces clashed with hundreds of opponents of Israel's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, arresting dozens of people in the roughest confrontation between troops and settlers since the start of the operation.
    (AP, 8/16/05)

2005        Aug 17, Israeli troops entered Gaza's largest synagogue to remove hundreds of worshippers, who had formed long lines and swayed in prayer. A right-wing West Bank settler opposed to Israel's pullout from the Gaza Strip set herself on fire in southern Israel, suffering life-threatening burns on 70% of her body.
    (AP, 8/17/05)

2005         Aug 18, Israeli forces stormed the synagogue Neve Dekalim to remove about 1,500 protesters inside. This was the main synagogue of the Gaza Strip Jewish settlement and one of the last bastions of resistance to the Gaza pullout.
    (AP, 8/18/05)

2005        Aug 20, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas signed a decree appropriating Jewish settlement land and scheduled elections for Jan 25. In a challenge to Abbas, dozens of masked Hamas gunmen took over Gaza City's central square and announced they would not stop attacks on Israel, despite Israel's ongoing withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/20/05)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.A13)

2005        Aug 21, Thousands of troops poured into four Gaza settlements, the final phase of removing settlers from the coastal strip.
    (AP, 8/21/05)

2005        Aug 22, The last Jewish settlers left Gaza, making way for the Palestinian government.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2005        Aug 22, The Greek Orthodox Church in the Holy Land elected a new patriarch to succeed their ousted leader, who fell from grace over a controversial east Jerusalem land deal.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

2005        Aug 23, Israeli soldiers cleared 2 militant strongholds without major violence, completing the country's historic evacuation of 25 settlements in the Gaza Strip and West Bank.
    (AP, 8/23/05)

2005        Aug 24, Israel and Egypt reached an agreement to have 750 Egyptian troops take control of a volatile Egypt-Gaza border area from Israeli forces.
    (AP, 8/24/05)
2005        Aug 24, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said that the Israeli Army is expected to leave the Gaza Strip by Oct. 4 at the latest.
    (AP, 8/24/05)

2005        Aug 25, An Israeli military raid on the West Bank refugee camp of Tulkarem left five militants dead. Palestinians said at least two of the dead were unarmed teenagers who were neighbors of the wanted men but didn't belong to any militant group. An Orthodox Jewish man was stabbed to death in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 8/25/05)

2005        Aug 28, In Israel Omri Sharon, the oldest son of PM Ariel Sharon, was indicted on corruption charges in connection with 1999 fund-raising activities for one of his father's election campaigns.
    (AP, 8/28/05)
2005        Aug 28, In Israel a suicide bomber blew himself up outside the central bus station in Beersheba during morning rush hour, critically wounding two security guards.
    (AP, 8/28/05)

2005        Aug, Samar Sabih (22), Hamas' first female bomb maker, was arrested by Israeli security at her home in the West Bank town of Tulkarem. The university graduate was recruited in Gaza and sent to the West Bank to teach others to assemble explosives. Security officials noted a sharp rise in the use of women by militant groups in the past two years.
    (AP, 10/11/05)

2005        Sep 1, The foreign ministers of Israel and Pakistan, a Muslim country that has long taken a hard line against the Jewish state, met publicly for the first time, a diplomatic breakthrough that both ministers linked to Israel's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/1/05)

2005        Sep 2, Israel's vice premier, Ehud Olmert, said Israel has frozen plans to expand its largest West Bank settlement and will only revive the project with US consent.
    (AP, 9/2/05)

2005        Sep 20, Simon Wiesenthal (96), the Holocaust survivor who helped track down Nazi war criminals following World War II, then spent the later decades of his life fighting anti-Semitism and prejudice against all people, died in Austria. In 2010 Tom Segev authored ďSimon Wiesenthal: The Life and Legends."
    (AP, 9/20/05)(Econ, 9/24/05, p.102)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.F5)

2005        Sep 6, Israel said it its has authorized construction of 117 homes in one of the West Bank's largest settlements and approved preliminary plans for another 3,000 housing units there, despite repeated US appeals to freeze settlement expansion.
    (AP, 9/6/05)

2005        Sep 11, Israel's Cabinet voted unanimously to end its 38-year occupation of the Gaza Strip, clearing the way to complete the country's withdrawal from the area and turn it over to Palestinian control.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

2005        Sep 15, Israel called for wider meetings with Arab nations and said efforts were under way to arrange summit talks with Qatar, a day after Qatar urged the Arab world to open up to the Jewish state following its Gaza Strip withdrawal.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Israel's Supreme Court upheld the legality of Israel's West Bank security barrier, rejecting a ruling by the International Court of Justice that the barrier violates Palestinian rights and should be torn down. It also ruled that part of the barrier imposed major hardship on Palestinian villagers and must be rerouted.
    (AP, 9/15/05)(SFC, 9/16/05, p.A7)

2005        Sep 16, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon met with Jordan's King Abdullah II, their first talks in months and a further sign of warming relations between the Jewish state and the Arab world after Israel's Gaza withdrawal.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2005        Sep 20, Hundreds of Ethiopians who claim their ancestors were forced to convert from Judaism began a three-day hunger strike at a prayer house to press the Israeli government to let them migrate to the Jewish state.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Sep 22, Israelis left a West Bank base used as a staging area to remove settlers and soldiers killed a Palestinian teenager who entered the base early.
    (WSJ, 9/23/05, p.A1)

2005        Sep 23, In Gazaís Jebaliya refugee camp a truck filled with masked militants and homemade weapons exploded at a Hamas rally, killing at least 15 Palestinians and wounding 80, including children. Hamas blamed Israel and unleashed a barrage of rocket fire that lasted through the night.
    (AP, 9/24/05)(SSFC, 9/25/05, A3)

2005        Sep 24, Israel killed at least two Hamas militants in a missile strike and moved artillery cannons to the Gaza border, launching what it vowed would be a "crushing" response to a Hamas rocket barrage on Israeli towns. An air strike caused heavy damage to the Al-Arkam school run by Hamas.
    (AP, 9/24/05)(SSFC, 9/25/05, A3)

2005        Sep 25, Israeli aircraft blasted suspected Palestinian weapons facilities in Gaza and authorities arrested hundreds of militants in the West Bank, launching an offensive against the Islamic group Hamas after it bombarded Israeli towns with rockets. Hamas announced it would no longer use Gaza Strip as a staging ground for attacks against Israel.
    (AP, 9/25/05)(SFC, 9/26/05, A4)

2005        Sep 26, Israeli aircraft attacked suspected weapons factories throughout the Gaza Strip, pushing forward an offensive against Palestinian militants despite a pledge by a top Hamas leader to halt rocket fire against Israel.
    (AP, 9/26/05)

2005        Sep 27, Israel hit Gaza with shells and airstrikes to suppress rocket fire and detained 379 West Bank militants in an overnight sweep against Hamas and Islamic Jihad activists.
    (AP, 9/27/05)(WSJ, 9/28/05, p.A1)

2005        Sep 28, Widening its five-day campaign against Palestinian militants, Israel for the first time fired live artillery shells into the Gaza Strip and shut down 15 West Bank offices suspected of distributing money to families of suicide bombers.
    (AP, 9/28/05)

2005        Sep 29, Israeli soldiers killed 3 Palestinian gunmen in arrest raids in the West Bank, pressing on with a major offensive against militants even as Palestinian officials said they have begun enforcing a ban on public weapons displays.
    (AP, 9/29/05)

2005        Sep 30, Israeli troops killed two Palestinian militants in a shootout, while Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement made an unexpectedly strong showing against rival Hamas in local elections in dozens of West Bank towns and villages.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2005        Oct 2, Israel suspended its offensive into the Gaza Strip following a lull in rocket fire by Palestinian militants, but it is ready to restart the operation if attacks resume.
    (AP, 10/2/05)

2005        Oct 4, A Palestinian woman brandishing a knife stabbed and wounded an Israeli soldier at a checkpoint outside the West Bank city of Nablus before other soldiers shot and killed her.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 5, Lawrence Franklin (58), a Pentagon employee, admitted in court he provided classified defense information to an Israeli diplomat and two employees of (AIPAC), a pro-Israel lobby group in 2003-2004. In 2006 Franklin was sentenced to over 12 years in prison.
    (AFP, 10/6/05)(SFC, 1/21/06, p.A4)

2005        Oct 9, Three Israeli Arabs pleaded guilty to planning to plant bombs on a commuter train track and discussing bombing Tel Aviv's Azrieli Towers, the tallest buildings in Israel.
    (AP, 10/9/05)

2005        Oct 10, Israeli forces caught a 14-year-old boy whom militants tried to push into becoming a suicide bomber.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 11, A Turkish company signed an agreement to build a $360 million power station in southern Israel. An Israeli Cabinet minister praised such deals as examples of strengthening ties between the Muslim and Jewish countries.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, Israeli forces disguised as vegetable vendors in Tsurif captured Ibrahim Ighnimat (47), a senior Hamas operative, who had been on the run for eight years.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 15, Israeli painter Efraim Reuytenberg (91), known for infusing Chinese influences and bold colors into his work, died in Israel.
    (AP, 10/20/05)

2005        Oct 16, Palestinian gunmen killed three Israelis and wounded five in drive-by attacks near Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 17, Israel suspended negotiations with the Palestinian Authority on issues such as prisoner releases and slapped tough travel restrictions on the West Bank after Palestinian gunmen killed three Israelis and wounded five a day earlier.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 26, A Palestinian suicide bomber struck a food stand in the Israeli town of Hadera, killing 5 people, wounding at least 30 and leaving a path of destruction at an open air market.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, Iranís Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad declared that Israel was a "disgraceful blot" and should be "wiped off the map." He also said a new wave of Palestinian attacks will destroy the Jewish state.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(AP, 10/26/06)

2005        Oct 27, Israeli troops entered the West Bank town of Jenin and witnesses said they arrested a local leader of Islamic Jihad, pushing forward with an offensive against the Palestinian militant group following a suicide bombing that killed five Israelis.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Israeli forces fired missiles in a Gaza refugee camp after nightfall, killing two people including a leading Islamic Jihad militant.
    (AP, 10/27/05)

2005        Oct 29, Israeli aircraft fired missiles at open areas in northern Gaza and ground troops set up a second artillery battery near the coastal strip, part of an intensifying campaign against Palestinian rocket fire.
    (AP, 10/29/05)

2005        Oct 30, Palestinian officials said they have agreed with Israel to halt nearly a week of fighting after militant groups pledged to halt rocket fire on southern Israeli towns.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Israeli troops killed 3 Palestinian militants, including the suspected mastermind of a suicide attack, in a West Bank raid just hours after the two sides had reached a tentative new truce deal.
    (AP, 10/31/05)

2005        Nov 1, Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial opened a Holocaust film library with help from Hollywood director Steven Spielberg.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, An Israeli missile strike on a car killed two Palestinians in the Jebaliya refugee camp, Hassan Madhoun (37), a leader of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and Fawzi Abu al-Karei (32), top man of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the militant wing of Hamas.
    (AP, 11/1/05)(SFC, 11/2/05, p.A12)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.50)

2005        Nov 3, Israeli soldiers shot and critically wounded a 13-year-old Palestinian boy who threw stones at troops patrolling Jenin. The boy died Nov 5. The parents of the Palestinian boy donated his organs to three Israeli children waiting for transplants.
    (AP, 11/3/05)(AP, 11/5/05)(AP, 11/7/05)

2005        Nov 5, Israeli archaeologists said they have discovered what may be the oldest Christian church in the Holy Land on the grounds of a prison near the biblical site of Armageddon. The Israeli Antiquities Authority said the ruins are believed to date back to the third or fourth centuries and include references to Jesus and images of fish, an ancient Christian symbol.
    (AP, 11/5/05)

2005        Nov 8, Israel's rescue service welcomed a proposal by the international Red Cross to introduce a new emblem that will pave the way for Israel's inclusion into the lifesaving organization.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 9, Archeologists reported that 2 lines of an alphabet have been found inscribed in a stone in Israel, offering what some scholars say is the most solid evidence yet that the ancient Israelites were literate as early as the 10th century B.C. The stone was found in July, on the final day of a five-week dig at Tel Zayit, about 30 miles south of Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 11/10/05)

2005        Nov 14, Israeli troops killed Amjad Hanawi (34), a senior Hamas militant, during an early raid and arrest attempt in Nablus.
    (AP, 11/14/05)

2005        Nov 15, Prodded by US Sec. of State Condoleezza Rice, Israel and the Palestinians agreed on details for opening the borders of the Gaza Strip and allowing freer movement for Palestinians elsewhere.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon's eldest son pleaded guilty to illegal fund-raising charges stemming from his father's 1999 election campaign.
    (AP, 11/15/05)

2005        Nov 17, Israeli President Moshe Katsav met with Pope Benedict XVI and other top Roman Catholic officials to discuss a long-standing tax dispute that has irritated relations between Israel and the Holy See.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, Israeli forces killed two Palestinian militants during a West Bank arrest raid, riddling their car with bullets when it tried to run a roadblock outside the town of Jenin.
    (AP, 11/17/05)

2005        Nov 20, Israel's dovish Labor Party voted Sunday to pull out of PM Ariel Sharon's coalition government, virtually assuring early general elections in March.
    (AP, 11/20/05)

2005        Nov 21, PM Ariel Sharon asked Israel's president to dissolve parliament, pushing for a quick March election just hours after deciding to leave his hard-line Likud Party and to form a new centrist party.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon fired mortars and rockets at Israeli troops in a disputed border area, the first clash between the two sides in five months. 4 Hezbollah guerrillas were killed in raids meant to capture Israeli troops along the Lebanon border.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 22, Israeli warplanes struck in Lebanon in what Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz described as the largest-scale Israeli response to cross-border attacks by Lebanese guerrillas since 2000.
    (AP, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 23, Hezbollah guerrillas clashed with Israeli soldiers on the southern Lebanese border.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2005        Nov 24, In Israel Ariel Sharon's fledgling political party "Forward" officially registered itself.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, The anti-terror bureau of PM Ariel Sharon's office issued an unprecedented alert, warning that Hezbollah has launched an effort to kidnap Israelis anywhere in the world.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 24, Iyad Abu Rob, a top Islamic Jihad militant, surrendered to Israeli soldiers in Jenin. In a separate operation, 2 wanted men surrendered after Israeli troops surrounded two houses in the village of Kfar Kalil near Nablus. Another man was shot, but his condition was not known.
    (AP, 11/24/05)

2005        Nov 25, Israel handed over the remains of three Hezbollah guerrillas to Lebanon in a bid to defuse tensions after fierce border clashes, but Hezbollah's leader said his group will keep trying to kidnap Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Nov 30, Shimon Peres quit Israel's Labor Party, his political home of six decades, to campaign for Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's new organization. Israel's Supreme Court ruled that a suspected Israeli mob boss, described by US prosecutors as one of the world's most wanted drug traffickers, can be extradited to the US.
    (AP, 11/30/05)(AP, 11/30/06)

2005        Dec 2, Israeli officials said Palestinians have allowed up to 15 militants wanted by Israel to return to the Gaza Strip, violating a U.S.-brokered agreement that was to have let Israel monitor who enters the area from Egypt.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        Dec 4, Israeli aircraft fired missiles at an abandoned building and a rocket launching ground in the northern Gaza Strip in the first aerial attack on Gaza in more than a month.
    (AP, 12/04/05)

2005        Dec 5, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up among shoppers waiting to enter a mall in the Israeli town of Netanya, killing at least 5 people and wounding more than 30 others.
    (AP, 12/05/05)

2005        Dec 6, Israel clamped an open-ended closure on the West Bank and Gaza, banning virtually all Palestinians from Israel, and arrested 15 Palestinian militants in a first response to the suicide bombing that killed five Israelis outside a shopping mall.
    (AP, 12/06/05)

2005        Dec 7, An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a car carrying Palestinian militants, killing at least one militant and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 12/07/05)

2005        Dec 8, An Israeli airstrike in the northern Gaza Strip killed two Palestinian militants and a Palestinian stabbing attack killed an Israeli in the West Bank in a new spasm of violence.
    (AP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 9, Israel rounded up 19 Islamic militants in the West Bank and pounded the Gaza Strip with artillery fire, pressing forward with a crackdown in the wake of a suicide bombing at a shopping mall this week.
    (AP, 12/09/05)

2005        Dec 14, Israelís the Defense Ministry said it has approved construction of hundreds of new homes in West Bank settlements, confirming what would be a violation of the U.S.-backed peace plan.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, The Israeli military fired a missile at a car in northern Gaza it said was packed with militants about to carry out an attack. Four Palestinians were killed and four were wounded.
    (AP, 12/14/05)

2005        Dec 17, An explosion in the southern Gaza Strip killed a militant who fired homemade rockets at Israel and wounded three other people.
    (AP, 12/18/05)

2005        Dec 18, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon suffered a mild stroke.
    (AP, 12/18/06)

2005        Dec 19, Israel's battered Likud Party chose Benjamin Netanyahu to run against Ariel Sharon in March elections, and the former Israeli prime minister pledged to bring the party back to power.
    (AP, 12/19/05)

2005        Dec 22, Tali Fahima (28), an Israeli woman, was sentenced to three years in prison for aiding a Palestinian gunman and relaying information to the enemy.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Israeli troops shot and killed three Palestinian militants, including Bashar Hanani (29), the local leader of a small radical faction, during an arrest raid in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 12/22/05)(SFC, 12/23/05, p.A15)

2005        Dec 26, Israel said it will build more than 200 new homes in Jewish West Bank settlements, a blow to peace efforts despite word that Ariel Sharon's new party plans a major push for Palestinian statehood if it wins upcoming elections.
    (AP, 12/26/05)

2005        Dec 27, The Israeli military fired a barrage of artillery and missiles at the Gaza Strip, hitting two offices of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and a bridge the army said was used by militants to reach areas where they fire rockets.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Three rockets landed in a residential area of a northern Israeli town near the Lebanese border, damaging some property but causing no injuries.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2005        Dec 28, Israeli jets blasted a Palestinian militant group's base a few miles outside Beirut, hours after rockets fired from Lebanon hit a northern Israeli border town.
    (AP, 12/28/05)

2005        Dec 29, A Palestinian suicide bomber trying to enter Israel blew himself at a military checkpoint set up to foil attackers, killing an Israeli soldier and two other Palestinians.
    (AP, 12/29/05)

2005        Dec 31, Two Palestinians were killed in Israel's first deadly airstrike in a Gaza border area it recently put off-limits, just as a truce that has drastically reduced violence between the two sides formally ended.
    (AP, 1/1/06)
2005        Dec 31, In Egypt several Sudanese migrants injured when police violently cleared a ramshackle camp died later from their wounds, raising the death toll from the clash to 25. Sudanese refugees began trickling across the border to Israel following the clashes.
    (AP, 12/31/05)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.45)

2005        Yehezkel Dror, an Israeli political scientist, authored ďEpistle to an Israeli Jewish-Zionist," in which he set out two contrasting visions of how his country might look in 2040.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, SR p.3)
2005        Some 200 Sudanese fleeing the bloodshed in Darfur made their way to Israel, where they were placed under low-security lockup.
    (SFC, 6/9/06, p.A14)

2006        Jan 2, An Israeli intelligence report said Palestinians have smuggled anti-aircraft missiles into the Gaza Strip along with tons of other military hardware since Israel withdrew in September.
    (AP, 1/2/06)
2006        Jan 2, A car exploded in northern Gaza after nightfall, killing at least one Palestinian. Witnesses said an Israeli aircraft was overhead.
    (AP, 1/2/06)

2006        Jan 4, Israelís PM Ariel Sharon was rushed to an operating room to staunch a brain hemorrhage; his official powers were transferred to his deputy, Ehud Olmert.
    (WSJ, 1/5/06, p.A1)(AP, 1/4/07)

2006        Jan 5, Israelís PM Ariel Sharon (77) fought for his life following seven hours of emergency surgery to stop widespread bleeding in his brain. The massive stroke made it unlikely that he would return to power. Vice Premier Ehud Olmert was named acting PM and convened the Cabinet for a special session.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 6, Israelís PM Ariel Sharon had emergency brain surgery for five hours after doctors detected further bleeding and increasing pressure.
    (AP, 1/6/06)

2006        Jan 9, Israel permitted Palestinian politicians to campaign in disputed Jerusalem, reversing an initial ban and clearing an obstacle to holding Palestinian parliament elections on Jan. 25.
    (AP, 1/9/06)

2006        Jan 12, A Palestinian militant blew himself up and two other Palestinians were killed in a gunbattle with Israeli troops during an arrest raid in the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2006        Jan 15, Israelís acting PM Ehud Olmert faced his first major test when he led his Cabinet in a unanimous decision to let Palestinians vote in Jerusalem later this month.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 16, Israeli police seized buildings and rooftops in a Jewish settler enclave in Hebron, restoring order after three days of riots sparked by plans to evict Israeli squatters from an abandoned Palestinian market.
    (AP, 1/16/06)

2006        Jan 18, Former PM Shimon Peres said Israel would be ready to open negotiations with the Palestinians on a permanent peace accord after Israeli elections on March 28.
    (AP, 1/18/06)

2006        Jan 19, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a Tel Aviv fast-food stand, killing himself and wounding 15 people.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 22, An Israeli aircraft fired at three Palestinian gunmen trying to infiltrate Israel from the Gaza Strip, killing one man and wounding the other two.
    (AP, 1/22/06)

2006        Jan 28, Rabbi Yitzhak Kadouri (106), a leader of the Kabbalah school of Jewish mystical thought who wielded great influence over Israeli politics, died in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 1/30/06)

2006        Jan 30, European Union foreign ministers called on Hamas to recognize the state of Israel, renounce violence and disarm. ďIt is the view of the Quartet (UN, EU, American and Russia) that all members of a future Palestinian government must be committed to nonviolence, recognition of Israel, and acceptance of previous agreements and obligations, including the Roadmap. We urge both parties to respect their existing agreements, including on movement and access."
    (AP, 1/30/06)(http://tinyurl.com/fut5w)

2006        Jan 31, Israeli troops killed two Islamic Jihad militants, including Nidal Abu Saada, the group's top leader in the West Bank, during a shootout that erupted during an arrest raid.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Feb 1, Israeli forces completed the evacuation of the Amona West Bank settlement outpost, ending a violent operation in which dozens of people were injured in clashes between police and Jewish settlers.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, Israel said it froze this month's transfer of $45 million in tax rebates and customs payments to the Palestinian Authority while it reviews its options following the Hamas victory in last week's parliamentary election. A senior Palestinian official said Saudi Arabia and Qatar pledged Wednesday to transfer millions to ease the crisis.
    (AP, 2/1/06)

2006        Feb 2, Lebanese officials said the bullet-ridden body of a 15-year-old shepherd was found in disputed territory occupied by Israel.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Feb 3, Hezbollah guerrillas attacked an Israeli military position in a disputed part of the south Lebanon border, provoking a swift Israeli airstrike on suspected Hezbollah sites.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, A study by the Israeli Research Institute for Economic and Social Affairs determined that more than $14 billion has been spent on West Bank settlements since capturing the territory in 1967.
    (AP, 2/3/06)

2006        Feb 4, A Palestinian man stabbed five people on a minibus in central Israel, killing one woman before passengers subdued him.
    (AP, 2/5/06)

2006        Feb 5, Israeli aircraft fired three missiles at a building used by militants in Gaza City, killing three people and wounding five.
    (AP, 2/5/06)
2006        Feb 5, Israel agreed to make a crucial payment of $54 million in tax and customs revenues to the Palestinians, but officials said future transfers will be halted once Hamas militants form the next Palestinian government.
    (AP, 2/5/06)

2006        Feb 6, Israeli forces fired a missile at a car in the northern Gaza Strip after nightfall killing two Palestinian militants, including a man described as a senior commander.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 8, A dispute over the fate of an ancient Muslim cemetery in Jerusalem threatened to ignite tensions as workers removed skeletons from the site despite Muslim pleas for the work to end. Israeli developers and archaeologists were removing the tombs to make room for the Los Angeles-based Simon Wiesenthal Center to build a multi-million-dollar Museum of Tolerance, dedicated in part to promoting understanding among different religions.
    (AP, 2/8/06)

2006        Feb 14, An Israeli court sentenced the eldest son of ailing PM Ariel Sharon to 9 months in jail after he pleaded guilty to illegally raising funds for one of his father's political campaigns.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, The NY Times reported that the US and Israel are considering a campaign to starve the Palestinian Authority of cash so Palestinians would grow disillusioned with their incoming militant Hamas rulers and return ousted Fatah moderates to power.
    (AP, 2/14/06)

2006        Feb 19, Israel's Cabinet approved an immediate freeze on the transfer of hundreds of millions of dollars in tax money to the Palestinians in its first response to the takeover of the Palestinian parliament by the militant group Hamas.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, An Israeli aircraft attacked two Palestinians laying a bomb near the Gaza-Israel border fence. Palestinians said two militants were killed.
    (AP, 2/19/06)

2006        Feb 22, Iran offered to help finance a Palestinian Authority run by the Hamas militant group, state radio said in a report that brought a quick warning from Israel that it would do all it could legally to stop the Palestinians from receiving the money.
    (AP, 2/22/06)

2006        Feb 23, Israeli troops killed five Palestinians, including three fugitive gunmen, and seriously wounded a sixth man during an arrest sweep in the Balata refugee camp. The sweep, which began Feb 20, left a total of 8 Palestinians dead and over 50 injured.
    (AP, 2/23/06)

2006        Feb 24, Israel's air force fired a missile at a group of Palestinian militants firing rockets at Israeli targets.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2006        Feb 27, Israel said it will not hold peace talks with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas because he is powerless to enforce agreements while the Islamic militant group Hamas controls his government.
    (AP, 2/27/06)

2006        Mar 1, An explosion in a car in Gaza City killed rocket maker Khaled Dahdouh (45), Islamic Jihad's top military commander in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli military, which carries out pinpointed attacks against militants in the coastal strip, said it was not involved. Palestinian militants shot and killed a Jewish settler traveling on a road near the settlement of Tapuah.
    (AP, 3/1/06)

2006        Mar 2, South Africa joined a growing list of countries inviting Hamas leaders for talks, raising Israeli concerns that the international front against the Islamic militants is crumbling.
    (AP, 3/2/06)

2006        Mar 3, An Israeli couple set off a series of firecrackers in the Basilica of the Annunciation in Nazareth. The church was built on the site where Christians believe the Angel Gabriel appeared before the Virgin Mary and foretold the birth of Jesus.
    (AP, 3/4/06)(WSJ, 3/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 3, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian teenager and wounded a second person during an early morning raid in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 3/3/06)

2006        Mar 5, A top political ally said Israelís acting PM Ehud Olmert plans to withdraw from more West Bank settlements immediately after forming the next government and to set Israel's final borders within four years if it wins upcoming elections.
    (AP, 3/5/06)

2006        Mar 6, Zeev Rosenstein (51), a suspected Israeli mob boss, was extradited to the US. Rosenstein was suspected in the distribution of more than 1 million Ecstasy pills in the US, mostly in NY and Miami.
    (AP, 3/6/06)
2006        Mar 6, Israeli aircraft blew up a truck carrying Islamic Jihad militants, killing two of them and three bystanders, including two children. The Israeli military confirmed it attacked the truck, saying the target was one of the dead men, Islamic Jihad operative Moner Sukar, who had carried out rocket attacks against Israel.
    (AP, 3/6/06)

2006        Mar 7, Ehud Olmert, the acting Israeli premier, pledged a drastic cut in spending on Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/7/06)

2006        Mar 10, Acting PM Ehud Olmert presented a sweeping vision for Israel's future in published interviews, saying he will dismantle most West Bank settlements, fortify remaining settlement blocs and set the nation's borders by 2010.
    (AP, 3/10/06)

2006        Mar 14, Israelís acting PM Ehud Olmert pledged to annex the Ariel Jewish settlement deep in the West Bank, a message aimed at appeasing settlers alarmed by his plans to withdraw from large parts of the West Bank over the next four years.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, Israeli forces driving bulldozers and firing tank shells and missiles burst into a Palestinian prison and removed dozens of inmates in a raid targeting prisoners convicted of killing an Israeli Cabinet minister. Palestinian gunmen kidnapped an American teacher at a university in the West Bank following the raid by Israeli forces. A UN aid agency and the International Committee of the Red Cross said they were temporarily pulling all foreign staff out of the West Bank and Gaza, after gunmen kidnapped nine foreigners in just a few hours.
    (AP, 3/14/06)(Econ, 3/18/06, p.49)

2006        Mar 15, Palestinian militants released the last four foreigners they had seized a day earlier to protest an Israeli military raid on a West Bank prison. Meanwhile, Palestinian PM Mahmoud Abbas called the raid an "unforgivable crime."
    (AP, 3/15/06)

2006        Mar 16, Israeli troops surrounded two houses in the West Bank town of Jenin, setting off a fierce gunbattle with Palestinian militants that left one Israeli soldier dead and forced the surrender of five wanted men.
    (AP, 3/16/06)

2006        Mar 17, Israel set up a quarantine and destroyed flocks after bird flu was found at 2 turkey farms.
    (WSJ, 3/18/06, p.A1)

2006        Mar 21, Israel reopened the Gaza Strip's main cargo crossing to alleviate a food shortage in the area.
    (AP, 3/21/06)
2006        Mar 21, Israel indicted two West Bank Palestinians on charges of belonging to al-Qaida and plotting to carry out a double bombing for the group in Jerusalem, the first time Palestinians have been formally linked to the terror network.
    (AP, 3/21/06)

2006        Mar 22, Israeli troops raided the Aqwar Jaba West Bank refugee camp, killing a wanted Palestinian militant and forcing two others to surrender.
    (AP, 3/22/06)

2006        Mar 28, Israelis voted in an election billed as a referendum on the future of the West Bank, with the leading candidate, acting PM Ehud Olmert, promising to pull back from most of the territory and draw Israel's final borders by 2010. The Kadima Party won the parliamentary elections. Two Israelis were killed in an explosion in southern Israel near the Gaza Strip border.
    (AP, 3/28/06)(AP, 3/28/07)

2006        Mar 29, After declaring victory in Israel's elections, acting PM Ehud Olmert's Kadima Party said it would quickly form a broad ruling coalition that will carry out its plan to pull out of much of the West Bank and draw Israel's borders by 2010.
    (AP, 3/29/06)

2006        Mar 30, A Palestinian militant killed four Israelis in a suicide bombing in the West Bank, weeks after being released from a Palestinian prison.
    (AP, 3/31/06)

2006        Mar, Rabbinical leaders announced that some 6,000 members of the Bnei Menashe tribe in India's northeast were descendants of ancient Israelites or one of the Biblical 10 lost tribes. In November 200 members of the tribe moved to Israel.
    (AFP, 11/16/06)

2006        Apr 4, Israeli warplanes fired three missiles into the presidential compound of Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, wounding 2 people and leaving deep craters in the ground.
    (AP, 4/4/06)

2006        Apr 6, Israeli President Moshe Katsav formally chose acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert to form Israel's next government.
    (AP, 4/6/06)

2006        Apr 7, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man during an overnight arrest raid in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 4/7/06)
2006        Apr 7, Israeli missiles slammed into a car in Gaza City, killing two members of a Palestinian rocket squad in the 2nd deadly airstrike since the Islamic militant group Hamas assumed power last week. An Israeli airstrike killed six Palestinian militants and wounded five at a militant training camp in central Gaza.
    (AP, 4/8/06)(SFC, 4/8/06, p.A7)

2006        Apr 9, Israel's security Cabinet recommended that the government cut all ties with the Hamas-led Palestinian Authority, including Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, and declare it a "hostile entity." Israeli artillery fire killed a Palestinian police officer and wounded 16 people in Gaza, as Israel escalated its retaliation for militant rocket strikes and put pressure on the new Hamas-led government that refuses to stop the attacks.
    (AP, 4/9/06)

2006        Apr 10, Israel suspended formal security ties with the Palestinians in a bid to further isolate the new Hamas government one day after declaring it a hostile entity.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, Hadil Ghaben (8) was killed when 2 Israeli shells blew huge holes in a concrete block house in Beit Lahiya in the northern Gaza Strip. The girl's mother and seven siblings were hurt in the attack.
    (AP, 4/11/06)

2006        Apr 11, Israel's Cabinet declared PM Ariel Sharon permanently incapacitated, officially ending his five-year tenure.
    (AP, 4/11/07)

2006        Apr 12, The Israeli army killed to Al Aqsa infiltrators trying to enter from Gaza.
    (WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 17, Israeli soldiers holed up in a home in Nablus opened fire on stone-throwing protesters outside the building, wounding two people, including a 13-year-old boy. Sami Hammad, a Palestinian suicide bomber, blew himself up outside a fast-food restaurant in Tel Aviv during the Passover holiday, killing 9 other people and wounding at least 49 in the deadliest Palestinian attack in more than a year. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility. Daniel Wultz (16) of Florida was among 11 people killed in the restaurant attack. In 2012 an Israeli advocacy group won a $323 million judgement in US court against Iran and Syria for supporting Palestinian militants involved in the attack.
    (AP, 4/17/06)(SFC, 4/18/06, p.A1)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.47)(SFC, 5/16/12, p.A2)

2006        Apr 18, Israel decided to revoke the Jerusalem residency rights of four Hamas lawmakers, a response to a suicide bombing that killed nine civilians in a Tel Aviv restaurant. Israeli aircraft fired missiles at a metal workshop in Gaza City.
    (AP, 4/18/06)

2006        Apr 21, A senior military commander said Israel is actively preparing to reoccupy the Gaza Strip and a powerful lawmaker said the entire Palestinian Cabinet could be targeted for assassination after the appointment of a wanted militant to head a new security force.
    (AP, 4/21/06)
2006        Apr 21, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas blocked Hamas' plans to set up a shadow security force, which was to be made up of militants and to be headed by the No. 2 on Israel's wanted list.
    (AP, 4/21/06)

2006        Apr 23, Israeli forces fired on a car of alleged militants in Bethlehem killing 2 people.
    (WSJ, 4/24/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 25, Russia launched a satellite for Israel that the Israelis say will be used to spy on Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/25/06)

2006        Apr 27, Israel's military intelligence chief said in a published interview that Iran has received its first batch of North Korean-made surface-to-surface missiles that put European countries within firing range.
    (AP, 4/27/06)
2006        Apr 27, Israeli aircraft fired missiles at two cars in Gaza packed with rockets, killing one Islamic Jihad militant and critically wounding another.
    (AP, 4/27/06)
2006        Apr 27, Iran's UN ambassador denounced Israel's election as a vice-chair of the U.N. Disarmament Commission, calling the Jewish state a threat to peace in the Middle East.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2006        Apr 28, A senior Israeli military official said Palestinian militants have smuggled dozens of Katyusha rockets into the Gaza Strip, potentially threatening towns well inside Israel.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2006        Apr 30, Israel's Cabinet voted to modify the route of its West Bank separation barrier to put thousands of Palestinians on the "Palestinian" side of the enclosure.
    (AP, 4/30/06)

2006        May 1, In Israel interim PM Ehud Olmert announced his Cabinet appointments, naming Tzipi Livni as vice premier and foreign minister. Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian woman and wounded her two daughters when they fired on a West Bank house that an Islamic Jihad militant was hiding in.
    (AP, 5/1/06)

2006        May 5, An Israeli air strike killed 5 members of a group with close ties to the ruling Hamas movement in a Gaza City neighborhood training ground for militants.
    (AP, 5/6/06)

2006        May 7, Israeli police armed with batons evicted dozens of Jewish squatters from a Palestinian home in West Bank city of Hebron, in an important test for Israel's new government and its plans to uproot tens of thousands of settlers.
    (AP, 5/7/06)

2006        May 10, Israel said it will give the Palestinians until the end of the year to prove they are willing to negotiate a final peace deal, and will unilaterally set its final borders by 2008 if they don't. Israeli and Palestinian officials said the Israeli company that provides fuel to the Palestinian areas is cutting off supplies due to growing debts. Israel said it was willing to release millions of dollars in funds it has withheld from the Palestinians and was considering easing restrictions on the transport of goods between Israel and the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/10/06)(AP, 5/11/06)
2006        May 10, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said senior members of the rival Hamas and Fatah factions had forged a joint platform, including acceptance of a Palestinian state alongside Israel.
    (AP, 5/11/06)

2006        May 12, A Palestinian was killed in a large Israeli raid in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 5/12/06)

2006        May 14, Israeli troops raided a village in the West Bank, killing 5 Palestinians, including a militant Israel blamed for several suicide bombings that have killed dozens of Israelis.
    (AP, 5/14/06)

2006        May 17, Israel's new defense minister reopened the main cargo crossing between Israel and the Gaza Strip, signaling a policy shift aimed at easing some of Israel's security restrictions on the Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/17/06)
2006        May 17, The US Food and Drug Administration said it approved Azilect, also called rasagiline, for use as an initial single-drug therapy for early Parkinson's disease. The FDA said Azilect, made by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries of Israel, also has the potential to cause involuntary movements, hallucinations and lowered blood pressure.
    (AP, 5/17/06)

2006        May 20, In Gaza City an Israeli missile killed Mohammed Dadouh, the top military commander of the militant group Islamic Jihad. A 2nd missile killed civilians: 3 generations of the Amen family, a grandmother, mother and son were killed, and a 4-year-old daughter and uncle were paralyzed. The Israeli Defense Ministry later decided to pay the Amen familyís medical expenses as "special humanitarian treatment."
    (AP, 6/8/06)

2006        May 21, The Israeli Cabinet approved the transfer of $11 million worth of medicine and health supplies to the Palestinians to help ease the deteriorating humanitarian conditions in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Officials said that Israel has approved plans to expand four Jewish settlements in the West Bank, a practice the United States has opposed in the past.
    (AP, 5/21/06)

2006        May 23, Pres. Bush met with Israelís OM Olmert and urged him to reach out to Abbas as an alternative to dealing with Hamas.
    (WSJ, 5/24/06, p.A1)
2006        May 23, Ibrahim Hamed (41), a top Hamas military commander, surrendered in Ramallah after Israeli troops surrounded his hideout and threatened to demolish it with him inside. He was linked by Israel to attacks that killed 78 people, including five Americans.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2006        May 24, Fierce gunbattles broke out between Israeli troops and Palestinians in the heart of the West Bank city of Ramallah, killing two Palestinians and wounding 30.
    (AP, 5/24/06)

2006        May 26, In Lebanon security officials said a car bomb killed Mahmoud Majzoub (41), a leader of Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and his brother Nidal (39). Islamic Jihad vowed retaliation. The Iran-backed militant group had persisted in attacking Israel while other major factions adhered to a cease-fire. Islamic Jihad is led by Ramadan Shallah, a Palestinian from Gaza who now lives in exile in Syria. It considers the 1979 Iranian Revolution to be the beginning of a new era for the Muslim world and wants to turn all of Israel, the West Bank and Gaza into an Islamic state. It rejects compromise with Israel.
    (AP, 5/26/06)

2006        May 28, Lebanese guerrillas fired a barrage of rockets into northern Israel, wounding an Israeli soldier at a military base. Israel destroyed most of the military positions of Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas along its northern border. Rocket and artillery exchanges killed two guerrillas in Lebanon and wounded two Israeli soldiers, two Lebanese civilians and six militants.
    (AP, 5/28/06)(AP, 5/29/06)

2006        May 29, Israel announced it would fully participate in a NATO naval exercise for the first time, bolstering defense ties with the Western military alliance in the face of arch-foe Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 5/29/06)

2006        May 30, Israel launched its first ground military operation inside the Gaza Strip since it pulled out of the region nearly a year ago, killing three members of a Palestinian rocket squad and a policeman in a fierce battle.
    (AP, 5/30/06)

2006        May 31, Palestinian militants fired homemade rockets at an Israeli town near the Gaza Strip, and Israeli media reported that one landed near the home of Israel's defense minister.
    (AP, 5/31/06)

2006        Jun 2, Israel has begun laying the foundations for Maskiot, a new Jewish settlement deep in the West Bank, breaking a promise to Washington while strengthening its hold on a stretch of desert it wants to keep as it draws its final borders.
    (AP, 6/2/06)
2006        Jun 2, Two Egyptian security officers were killed in an exchange of fire with Israeli troops after crossing the border into Israel.
    (AP, 6/2/06)

2006        Jun 7, Palestineís Hamas-led government agreed to withdraw a controversial private militia from public areas of Gaza in an agreement with the rival Fatah movement aimed at halting weeks of bloody infighting. A border clash with Israeli soldiers left 3 Palestinians dead.
    (AP, 6/7/06)(WSJ, 6/8/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 8, The Israeli military struck a PRC training camp in the southern Gaza town of Rafah. Abu Samhadana (43), Hamas government's top security chief, was killed when four missiles struck. 3 other militants were also killed and 10 wounded. Palestinians fired 2 rockets into Israel hitting a building in Sderot.
    (AP, 6/9/06)

2006        Jun 9, Palestinians fired rockets into Israel and vowed to avenge Israel's assassination of Abu Samhadana, the Hamas government's top security chief. Israeli artillery fired shells at targets in the northern Gaza Strip. 8 civilians, including 5 children, died and over 30 people were wounded at a beachside picnic. The Israeli government issued a statement of regret and launched an investigation [see June 13]. A separate Israeli strike killed 3 people in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 6/10/06, p.A3)(AP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 10, The ruling Hamas group fired a barrage of homemade rockets at Israel, hours after calling off a truce with Israel in anger over an artillery attack that killed seven civilians at a beachside picnic in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/10/06)

2006        Jun 11, Palestinian militants fired about 10 rockets at Israel from the Gaza Strip, critically injuring an Israeli and nearly hitting a college in the southern Israel town of Sderot. In return Israeli aircraft struck a rocket-launching cell in the northern Gaza Strip, killing two militants from the Palestinians' ruling Hamas party.
    (AP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 12, In central Israel a crowded, high-speed commuter train derailed after slamming into a pickup truck at a crossing, killing five people and injuring 67.
    (AP, 6/12/06)

2006        Jun 13, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert said he had given the go ahead for a shipment of weapons to Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, whose loyalists are engaged in bitter infighting with the militant Islamic Hamas. A failed Israeli airstrike targeting a key figure in Palestinian rocket attacks killed 9 people, including two children and three medical workers who rushed to the scene of an initial blast. 2 of the dead were members of the Islamic Jihad. An Israeli investigation into what caused an explosion on a Gaza beach that killed eight Palestinians said that the blast was most likely caused by a mine planted by Hamas militants against Israeli naval commandos and not an Israeli shell.
    (AP, 6/13/06)(AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Jun 15, The Israeli Supreme Court ruled that Israel must move part of its barrier meant to keep Palestinian attackers out because it causes hardships to nearby West Bank residents. Palestinian militants fired five rockets at southern Israel, shortly after officials said Israeli threats had cowered the Hamas-led government into stopping the attacks. A Hamas government minister returned to the Gaza Strip with $2 million in his luggage for his money-starved government.
    (AP, 6/15/06)

2006        Jun 18, Lt. Col. Omar el-Heib (43), a high-ranking Israeli Arab army officer, was sentenced to 15 years in prison for passing military secrets to one of Israel's most bitter enemies in exchange for money and drugs. He denied spying for Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon, and accused the military court in Tel Aviv of racism after the sentence was handed down. El-Heib was gravely wounded by a Hezbollah roadside bombing while serving in Lebanon in 1996. Surgeons had to remove one of his eyes. The injuries left him partially paralyzed and with shards of metal still lodged in his head.
    (AP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 19, Israel's defense minister has ordered a review of the route of Israel's separation barrier to better reflect Palestinian concerns, a decision that could have significant implications for Israel's future borders.
    (AP, 6/19/06)

2006        Jun 20, In Gaza City Mohammed Roka (5), Samia el-Sharif (5), and Bilal Al-hassi (16) were killed by an Israeli missile that hit a group of children, but didn't kill the militants in the targeted car. After the air attack went awry, Israel defended its pursuit of militants, but said it would "continue to take every precaution to keep civilians out of harm's way."
    (AP, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 22, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert apologized for the deaths of Palestinian civilians in recent Israeli army airstrikes after meeting with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas at an informal breakfast in Jordan.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, The Red Cross federation admitted Israel's Magen David Adom society simultaneously with the Palestine Red Crescent. An optional new emblem, dubbed the "red crystal," was adopted so that Israel could retain its red star of David instead of having to adopt the red cross or crescent used by the 184 other societies in the global movement.
    (AP, 6/22/06)

2006        Jun 23, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired three homemade rockets into Israel, hours after the Israeli prime minister pledged to push forward with airstrikes against the militants despite a recent string of civilian casualties.
    (AP, 6/23/06)

2006        Jun 24, Israeli troops briefly entered the Gaza Strip before dawn and arrested two Hamas militants, one of their first incursions into the Palestinian-controlled area since last summer's withdrawal.
    (AP, 6/24/06)

2006        Jun 25, Hamas militants infiltrated southern Israel through a tunnel from the Gaza Strip and attacked a tank with bombs and grenades, killing two crew members and kidnapping a third. Gilad Shalit (19), an Israeli corporal, was kidnapped. Israeli military officials said seven or eight militants crossed under a border fence through a tunnel that extended 300 yards inside Israel. Soldiers shot dead three gunmen. 3 groups claimed responsibility: the Islamic Army, the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) and the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas.
    (AP, 6/25/06)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.41)

2006        Jun 26, Israel massed troops along the Gaza Strip border in preparation for what PM Ehud Olmert said would be a "broad and ongoing" operation against Palestinian militants following the abduction of an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 6/26/06)

2006        Jun 27, The rival Hamas and Fatah movements agreed on a plan implicitly recognizing Israel, after weeks of acrimonious negotiations aiming to lift crippling international aid sanctions. A Palestinian militant leader said a captured Israeli soldier was being held in a "secure place," and he claimed that his group also seized a Jewish settler in the West Bank. A massive explosion demolished a car traveling near the residence of President Mahmoud Abbas, killing an unknown number of people inside. The blast scattered debris and body parts up to 200 yards away. The Israeli army said it was not involved in the blast.
    (AP, 6/27/06)

2006        Jun 28, Israeli tanks and troops entered southern Gaza in the early morning and planes attacked three bridges and knocked out electricity and water supplies for most of the 1.3 million residents of the Gaza Strip. An Israeli Cabinet minister accused the Hamas leader in Syria of ordering the kidnapping of an Israeli soldier in the Gaza Strip and said he is a target for assassination. A Palestinian militant group threatened to kill an abducted Jewish settler if Israel doesn't stop its raid on the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/28/06)

2006        Jun 29, Israeli troops rounded up 27 Palestinian ministers and lawmakers from the ruling Hamas party, including the deputy prime minister, while forging ahead with a military campaign in Gaza meant to win the release of an Israeli soldier held by Hamas gunmen. Palestinian militants detonated a land mine near the border with Egypt, blowing open a large hole in a wall near the border. Israeli aircraft fired on a car carrying suspected Palestinian militants in Gaza City. One person was wounded. A missing 62-year-old man that Palestinian militants claimed to have kidnapped was found dead, apparently of natural causes. A Palestinian militant group said it killed an 18-year-old Israeli settler kidnapped earlier in the West Bank. Pro-Palestinian hackers shut down hundreds of Israeli Web sites as Israeli troops invaded southern Gaza after the abduction of an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 6/29/06)(SFC, 6/29/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 30, An Israeli airstrike hit a car driving down a main road in Gaza City, and two people were injured.
    (AP, 6/30/06)

2006        Jul 1, Palestinian militants holding an Israeli soldier issued a new set of demands, calling for the release of 1,000 prisoners and a halt to Israel's military offensive in Gaza. But Israel rejected them.
    (AP, 7/1/06)

2006        Jul 2, Israeli aircraft sent missiles tearing through the office of Palestinian PM Ismail Haniyeh in an unmistakable message to his ruling Hamas group to free an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 7/2/06)

2006        Jul 4, PM Ehud Olmert ignored a deadline to begin releasing Palestinian prisoners and instead issued a veiled threat against Syria, vowing to strike "those who sponsor" the militants in the Gaza Strip who seized a young Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 7/4/06)
2006        Jul 4, Palestinian militants hit an Israeli city with a rocket from Gaza for the first time, causing no casualties but drawing a pledge of harsh retaliation from Israel while it was already in the midst of a military offensive.
    (AP, 7/4/06)

2006        Jul 5, Israeli leaders authorized troops to move into residential areas of the Gaza Strip as they increase pressure on militants holding an Israeli soldier and look to create a security zone to prevent Palestinians from firing rockets into Israel.
    (AP, 7/5/06)

2006        Jul 6, Israeli forces took over the remains of three abandoned Jewish settlements in the northern Gaza Strip and entered a nearby Palestinian town, creating a temporary buffer zone to prevent Palestinian militants from firing rockets at Israel. At least 21 Palestinians and one Israeli soldier were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/6/06)(SFC, 7/7/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 6, Israel signed a contract with Germany for 2 new Dolphin submarines capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
    (AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Jul 7, Israel launched an airstrike in the northern Gaza Strip. Witnesses said three Palestinians were killed. The Israeli military said the attack on the town of Beit Lahiya targeted a group of militants. Palestinians said 32 people had died in days of Gaza fighting.
    (AP, 7/7/06)(WSJ, 7/8/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 8, The Hamas-led Palestinian government called for a cease-fire in its violent two-week standoff with Israel but stopped short of offering to release an Israeli soldier held by Hamas militants. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert rejected the proposal by Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh. Olmert will not agree to a truce until Hamas releases the soldier. Israeli tanks and troops clashed with militants in eastern Gaza.
    (AP, 7/8/06)

2006        Jul 9, Top officials said Israel will push forward with its offensive in the Gaza Strip until Palestinian militants release a captured Israeli soldier and halt their rocket attacks.
    (AP, 7/9/06)

2006        Jul 10, Israeli aircraft fired missiles at a car in southern Gaza, killing two Islamic Jihad militants. Israeli PM Olmert rebuffed criticism of Gaza tactics as 8 Palestinians died.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(WSJ, 7/11/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 11, Israeli leaders ordered new incursions into the Gaza Strip after the Hamas leader said he would not free an Israeli soldier captured by Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 12, Hezbollah militants captured two Israeli soldiers in a cross-border raid. 3 Israeli soldiers were killed in the raid along with one Hezbollah militant. Dozens of Israeli troops crossed the Lebanese frontier with warplanes, tanks and gunboats to hunt for the captives. 5 more Israelis were killed in a tank that hit a mine. Two Lebanese civilians were killed in an Israeli air strike on a coastal bridge at Qasmiyeh.
    (AP, 7/12/06)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.45)
2006        Jul 12, Israel killed 18 Palestinians in Gaza including nine members of one family in an air strike that destroyed a residential building where the army said top Hamas commanders were meeting.
    (Reuters, 7/12/06)
2006        Jul 12, Acting on behalf of Arab nations, Qatar circulated a revised draft UN Security Council resolution demanding Israel end its offensive in the Gaza Strip and release the Palestinian officials it has arrested.
    (AP, 7/12/06)

2006        Jul 13, Israel unleashed a furious military campaign on Lebanon's main airport, highways, military bases and other targets, retaliating for scores of Hezbollah guerrilla rockets that rained down on Israel and reached as far as Haifa, its third-largest city, for the first time. The death toll in two days of fighting rose to 57 people. Lebanese guerrillas fired three rockets at the northern Israeli town of Safed, wounding seven people. Israel imposed a sea and air blockade on Lebanon to cut off supply routes to Lebanese militants. Israel hit hundreds of targets in Lebanon as part of its effort to force the release of two soldiers captured by Hezbollah guerrillas. Hezbollahís Al-Manar Television broadcast pictures of the Iranian supplied 333mm Raad-1 rocket used in an attack on the Israeli army base near Safed.
    (AP, 7/13/06)(SFC, 7/14/06, p.A14)
2006        Jul 13, An Israeli warplane bombed the Palestinian Foreign Ministry, collapsing part of the structure and causing widespread damage in the area.
    (AP, 7/13/06)
2006        Jul 13, The EU criticized Israel for using "disproportionate" force in its attacks on Lebanon following the cross-border raid by Hezbollah guerillas who captured 2 Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 7/13/06)

2006        Jul 14, Israel tightened its seal on Lebanon, blasting its air and road links to the outside world and bringing its offensive to the capital for the first time to punish Hezbollah and with it, the country for the capture of 2 Israeli soldiers. Israel destroyed the home and office of Hezbollah's leader, Sheik Hassan Nasrallah. Lebanese guerrillas fired a barrage of at least 60 Katyusha rockets throughout the day, hitting more than a dozen communities across northern Israel. Israeli warplanes destroyed the building housing the headquarters of Hezbollah guerrillas in southern Beirut. Hezbollah guerrillas attacked an Israeli warship that had been firing missiles into southern Beirut. A senior Israeli intelligence official said Iranian troops helped Hezbollah fire a missile that damaged the warship off the Lebanese coast. He also said about 100 Iranian soldiers are in Lebanon and helped fire the Iranian-made, radar-guided C-802 at the ship that killed 4 sailors. Deaths in 3 days of fighting rose to 61 people in Lebanon and 10 in Israel.
    (AP, 7/14/06)(AP, 7/14/07)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.58)

2006        Jul 15, Israeli warplanes pounded Hezbollah's south Beirut stronghold and roads around the country killing at least 33 people. At least 12 Lebanese villagers, including women and children, were killed in what appeared to be an Israeli airstrike on a convoy of vehicles fleeing a village near the border with Israel in southern Lebanon. Hezbollah expanded its rocket fire, hitting another of Israel's main cities, and Israel warned that the guerrillas could strike Tel Aviv. At least 88 people have died in Lebanon, most of them civilians, in the four-day Israeli offensive, sparked by Hezbollah's capture of two Israeli soldiers. On the Israeli side, at least 15 have been killed, four civilians and 11 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/15/06)(SSFC, 7/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 15, Israeli aircraft fired at least one missile at a house in Gaza City. Palestinian rescue workers said two Palestinians were killed and many others wounded. Since the offensive began in Gaza, 86 Palestinians have been killed, many of them gunmen.
    (AP, 7/15/06)
2006        Jul 15, Arab foreign ministers held an emergency summit in Cairo over Israel's expanding assault on Lebanon, the worst Israeli attack on its neighbor in 24 years.
    (AP, 7/15/06)

2006        Jul 16,    Lebanese guerrillas fired a relentless barrage of rockets into the northern Israeli city of Haifa, killing eight people at a railway depot and wounding seven in a dramatic escalation of a five-day-old conflict that has shattered hopes for Mideast peace. Israeli airstrikes reduced entire apartment buildings to rubble and knocked out electricity in swaths of Beirut.
    (AP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, Seven Canadians from the same Montreal family, including four young children, were killed in Lebanon when Israeli aircraft bombed a house in the southern village of Aitaroun. 4 other relatives died soon thereafter from wounds in the same attack.
    (AP, 7/17/06)(Reuters, 7/18/06)

2006        Jul 17, Israeli warplanes pummeled Lebanese infrastructure, killing at least 17 people. Hezbollah patron Iran said a cease-fire and a prisoner swap were possible, and the international community signaled willingness to send peacekeepers to back a diplomatic solution. 3 rounds of rockets fired by Hezbollah guerrillas struck Haifa, with one destroying a three-story building and wounding three people. Hezbollah fired a total of 50 rockets in to Israel. Total deaths in Lebanon reached 210 and 24 in Israel.
    (AP, 7/17/06)(WSJ, 7/18/06, p.A1,7)
2006        Jul 17, Israel bombed the Palestinian Foreign Ministry building in Gaza City, pushing ahead with its 3-week offensive in Gaza.
    (AP, 7/17/06)
2006        Jul 17, British PM Tony Blair and UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan called for the deployment of international forces to stop Hezbollah from bombing Israel, a proposal that Israel quickly rejected.
    (AP, 7/17/06)

2006        Jul 18, Israel struck a Lebanese army base outside Beirut and flattened a house near the border, killing 31 people in a new wave of bombings. Hezbollah fired more rockets at northern Israel, killing one Israeli and wounding several others. Israel said its offensive in Lebanon could last several more weeks and involve large numbers of ground forces.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(WSJ, 7/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 18, Egypt and Israel reopened the Rafah border crossing for the first time in three weeks, triggering a rush to the border by thousands of Palestinians who had been waiting in Egypt.
    (AP, 7/18/06)

2006        Jul 19, Israeli troops clashed with Hezbollah guerrillas on the Lebanese side of the border, while warplanes flattened buildings and killed at least 56 people overnight as fighting entered its second week with the US signaling it will not push Israel toward a fast cease-fire. Lebanon's PM Fuad Saniora called for a cease-fire and said that 300 people have been killed, 1,000 have been wounded and a half-million displaced in Israel's eight-day-old onslaught on Lebanon. Hezbollah rockets slammed into the Arab-Israeli town of Nazareth killing two young brothers as they played outside and wounding 18 other people.
    (AP, 7/19/06)(Reuters, 7/19/06)(SFC, 7/20/06, p.A10)
2006        Jul 19, Israeli forces killed six Palestinians after tanks moved into a refugee camp in central Gaza under cover of machine gun fire.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Jul 20, Israeli troops met fierce resistance from Hezbollah guerrillas as they crossed into Lebanon to seek tunnels and weapons for a second straight day, and Israel hinted at a full-scale invasion.
    (AP, 7/20/06)
2006        Jul 20, Israeli forces killed 3 people and wounded six in the Gaza Strip. The army dropped leaflets on towns and villages warning that homes hiding weapons would be attacked.
    (AP, 7/20/06)

2006        Jul 21, Israel called up reserve troops and warned civilians to flee Hezbollah-controlled southern Lebanon, as it prepared for a likely ground invasion to set up a deep buffer zone. Hezbollah guerrillas fired two volleys of rockets at Haifa, wounding five people and damaging shops and office buildings. At least 335 people have been killed in Lebanon in the Israeli campaign. 34 Israelis also have been killed, including 19 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/21/06)
2006        Jul 21, A Hamas activist and three relatives were killed in an explosion at his home in Gaza City, hospital officials said. Palestinians said the house was hit by an Israeli tank shell.
    (AP, 7/21/06)

2006        Jul 22, Israeli tanks and hundreds of troops moved in and out of Lebanon, taking over Maroun al-Ras village, entering a UN observation post and engaging Hezbollah militants by land, sea and air. Israeli warplanes blasted communications and television transmission towers in central and northern Lebanese mountains. Over 130 rockets struck northern Israeli, hitting Karmiel, Kiriyat Shemona, Nahariya and smaller communities such as Bet Hilel, Mayan Baruch and Mashov Am. Five Israelis were wounded. The Lebanese health ministry reported 362 deaths in Lebanon so far in the onslaught. 34 Israelis also have been killed.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 23, Israeli warplanes struck a minibus carrying people fleeing the fighting in southern Lebanon, killing three people, Lebanese security officials said, and Israel said it would accept a NATO-led international force to keep the peace along the border. Hezbollah rockets killed two civilians in northern Israel. Layal Nejim (23), a photographer working for a Lebanese magazine, was killed when an Israeli missile exploded near her taxi.
    (AP, 7/23/06)
2006        Jul 23, Palestinian militants in Gaza fired three rockets at Israel, despite reports that they had agreed to halt such attacks.
    (AP, 7/23/06)
2006        Jul 23, Syria, one of Hezbollah's main backers, said it will press for a cease-fire to end the fighting between Israel and the Islamic militant group but only in the framework of a broader Middle East peace initiative.
    (AP, 7/23/06)

2006        Jul 24, Israeli ground forces pushed deeper into Lebanon in heavy fighting with Hezbollah guerrillas. An Israeli Apache helicopter crashed near the Lebanese border while attempting an emergency landing, and there were two casualties.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Israeli artillery shelled a town in the Gaza Strip used by Palestinian militants to fire rockets, and hospital officials said three Palestinians were killed and eight were wounded.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Hezbollah's representative in Iran struck a defiant tone, warning that his Islamic militant group plans to widen its attacks on Israel until "no place" is safe for Israelis.
    (AP, 7/24/06)

2006        Jul 25, Israeli troops sealed off the town of Bint Jbail, a Hezbollah stronghold in fierce fighting in south Lebanon. Warplanes struck Nabatiyeh and destroyed a house killing seven people, four from the same family. Guerrillas fired rockets at northern Israel, killing a girl. An Israeli airstrike killed 4 UN observers at a UNIFIL post in southern Lebanon. The observers were from Austria, Canada, China and Finland. Irish observers had warned that airstrikes were too close. UNIFIL was created in 1978 after Israel's first major invasion of southern Lebanon and has been there ever since.
    (AP, 7/25/06)(Reuters, 7/25/06)(WSJ, 7/27/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 26, Israel suffered its bloodiest day in Lebanon in its offensive against Hezbollah, with militants killing at least nine soldiers in a battle for the strategic town of Bint Jbail.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Israeli strikes killed 23 people in the Gaza Strip, including 16 militants and a mother and her two young daughters, in the deadliest day of fighting since Israel withdrew from the coastal strip last year.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Germany, Israel and the US signed an agreement opening to researchers an archive of millions of Nazi files describing how the Holocaust was carried out.
    (AP, 7/26/06)

2006        Jul 27, Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's No. 2 leader, issued a worldwide call for Muslims to rise up in a holy war against Israel and join the fighting in Lebanon and Gaza until Islam reigns from "Spain to Iraq."
    (AP, 7/27/06)

2006        Jul 27, Top Israeli Cabinet ministers decided not to expand the country's Lebanon offensive but ordered the call up of thousands of additional reserve soldiers to boost the campaign. The decision came as Israeli jets pounded across Lebanon, extending their air campaign.
    (AP, 7/27/06)
2006        Jul 27, The Israeli air force fired missiles at a target in eastern Gaza City, wounding 15 people, at least one of them critically. 5 Palestinians were killed including a woman (75) and a child. A Palestinian was shot and killed in Jerusalem after he attacked a police patrol. The severely burned body of man, thought to be Israeli, was found in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/27/06)(SFC, 7/28/06, p.A14)

2006        Jul 28, Israeli warplanes and artillery intensified strikes, hitting Hezbollah positions and crushing houses and roads in towns in southern Lebanon, killing as many as 12 people. Hezbollah announced it had fired a new rocket, called the Khaibar-1, striking near the northern Israeli town of Afula. Beirut said 600 people have been killed in Lebanon, with confirmed fatalities at 445, since fighting broke out, most of them Lebanese civilians. 33 Israeli soldiers have died in the fighting and 19 civilians were killed in Hezbollah's unyielding rocket attacks on Israel's northern towns.
    (AP, 7/28/06)(WSJ, 7/28/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 28, The UN decided to remove 50 unarmed observers (UNTSO and UNIFIL)  from posts along the Israeli-Lebanese border and relocate them with lightly armed UN peacekeepers.
    (AP, 7/28/06)
2006        Jul 28, Israeli troops withdrew from northern Gaza after a bloody two-day sweep that killed 29 Palestinians.
    (AP, 7/28/06)
2006        Jul 28, In Seattle, Wash., gunman Naveed Afzal Haq (30) killed Pam Waechter (58) of Seattle and wounded five others at the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle. Haq said he was "angry at Israel." On June 4, 2008, a jury found him not guilty on one count of attempted murder (for victim Carol Goldman); on the remaining counts, the jury declared itself to be hung. The judge declared a mistrial.
    (AFP, 7/29/06)(AP, 7/30/06)(http://tinyurl.com/6myx9k)

2006        Jul 29, Israel said it had pulled forces out of Hezbollah's stronghold in south Lebanon after completing its current operation there. Israeli planes targeted bridges in southern and eastern Lebanon in new airstrikes, destroying one in a resort area on the Syrian border. Israel rejected a request by the UN for a three-day cease-fire in Lebanon to deliver humanitarian supplies and allow civilians to leave the war zone.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, Israeli tanks pushed back into the Gaza Strip before dawn, a day after ending a bloody, 3-day sweep that killed 30 Palestinians. Israeli troops killed 2 militants including Hani Awijan (29), a leader of the radical Islamic Jihadís militant wing in Nablus, in a West Bank raid.
    (AP, 7/29/06)(AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 29, The Middle East crisis dominated the first full day of PM Tony Blair's tour of California, forcing his promotion of British business interests here to take a back seat. Blair's former foreign secretary, Jack Straw, condemned Israeli action against Lebanon as "disproportionate" in the first such comment by a senior British government minister. PM Blair said an international agreement, leading to a cease-fire in the Israel-Hezbollah conflict, is possible sometime in the next few days.
    (AFP, 7/30/06)(AP, 7/29/06)

2006        Jul 30, Israeli missiles hit several buildings in Qana, a southern Lebanon village, as people slept, killing 29, mostly children, in the deadliest attack in 19 days of fighting. Israeli PM Ehud Olmert expressed "great sorrow" for the airstrikes but blamed Hezbollah guerrillas for using the area to launch rockets at Israel. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan called an emergency meeting of the Security Council. Israel suspended air attacks on south Lebanon for 48 hours in the face of widespread outrage over the airstrike.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(AP, 7/30/07)

2006        Jul 31, Israeli warplanes carried out airstrikes in southern Lebanon, hours after agreeing to temporarily halt raids while investigating a bombing that killed nearly 60 Lebanese civilians. Israel accidentally killed a Lebanese soldier when it hit a car that it believed was carrying a senior Hezbollah official.
    (AP, 7/31/06)
2006        Jul 31, The UN scrapped a meeting of nations that might contribute troops to help stabilize south Lebanon, a decision that reflected the deep divisions among key nations on how to end the three-week war between Israel and Hezbollah.
    (AP, 7/31/06)

2006        Aug 1, Israel's air force fired missiles into northern Gaza, killing a 14-year-old boy and wounding four others near Beit Hanoun.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Heavy fighting raged in the Lebanese border village of Aita al-Shaab, and Hezbollah television said 35 Israeli soldiers had been killed or wounded in the fighting. Israeli warplanes pounded Shiite Lebanese villages in many areas along the border and struck Hezbollah strongholds deep inside the country.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Aug 2, Israel pressed the first full day of a massive new ground attack, sending 8,000 troops into southern Lebanon and seizing five people it said were Hezbollah fighters in a dramatic airborne raid on a northeastern town. Hezbollah retaliated with its deepest strikes yet into Israel, firing a record number of more than 230 rockets. An Israeli-American was killed as he fled for home by bicycle, and a stray rocket hit the West Bank for the first time. People in the Lebanese village of Al Jamaliyeh, outside the Hezbollah stronghold of Baalbek, used a front-end loader to carry away some of the dead after a night of Israeli airstrikes and a commando raid inside Baalbek that residents said killed at least 15 civilians.
    (AP, 8/2/06)(SFC, 8/3/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 3, A massive wave of guerrilla rockets pounded northern Israel in a matter of minutes, killing 8 people. Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's leader, offered to stop the attacks if Israel ends its airstrikes. Israel lost four soldiers in fighting. Israeli military said four Hezbollah fighters were killed and two wounded. Lebanese security officials said a missile crashed into a two-story house in the border village of Taibeh, killing a couple and their daughter. Lebanese PM Fuad Saniora said Lebanon's death toll in more than three weeks of Israel-Hezbollah fighting has reached more than 900. France circulated a revised UN resolution calling for an immediate halt to Israeli-Hezbollah fighting and spelling out conditions for a permanent cease-fire in Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, Israeli troops raided southern Gaza, killing at least eight Palestinians, including four militants and an 8-year-old boy.
    (AP, 8/3/06)

2006        Aug 4, Israel expanded its assault on Lebanon, launching its first major attack on the Christian heartland north of Beirut and severing the last significant road link to Syria. Hezbollah renewed attacks on northern Israel, killing two civilians in a barrage of 120 rockets. An Israeli airstrike hit dozens of farm workers loading vegetables near the Lebanon-Syria border, killing  as many as 33. Five Lebanese civilians were killed and 19 wounded in the Israeli airstrikes north of Beirut in Christian areas where Hezbollah has little support. Hezbollah's leader offered to stop attacking if Israel ends its airstrikes. Israeli airstrikes flattened two southern Lebanese houses and more than 50 people were buried in the rubble, security officials and the state news agency said. Israel denied attacking the villages.
    (AP, 8/4/06)(SFC, 8/5/06, p.A11)
2006        Aug 4, Israel began pulling tanks out of southern Gaza after a two-day incursion. Israeli troops conducted house-to-house searches in the southern Gaza Strip and killed three Palestinians with tanks and air strikes.
    (AP, 8/4/06)

2006        Aug 5, Israeli naval commandos battled with Hezbollah in the southern port city of Tyre, while a guerrilla rocket killed a soldier in clashes on the border and Israeli raids left at least eight people dead in multiple strikes across the country. The Lebanese government's Higher Relief Council said 907 Lebanese had been killed in the conflict. 75 Israelis have been killed, 45 soldiers and 30 civilians.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Israel pressed ahead with its incursion into the southern Gaza Strip as airstrikes killed 5 Palestinians, including a mother and her 2 children. Tanks rolled to the edge of Rafah.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, The US and France reached agreement on a UN Security Council resolution aimed at ending the fighting between Israel and Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas.
    (AP, 8/5/06)

2006        Aug 6, Israeli forces arrested the speaker of the Palestinian parliament at his house in the West Bank, and pressed their monthlong offensive in Gaza against Hamas.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, Hezbollah guerrillas unleashed their deadliest barrage of rockets yet into northern Israel, killing 12 reservists at a staging area. Israeli bombardment killed at least 25 people in southern Lebanon as fighting only intensified despite a draft UN cease-fire resolution. Hezbollah rockets crashed into Haifa, killing at least three people and wounding more than 40.
    (AP, 8/6/06)(SFC, 8/7/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 7, The death toll in an Israeli airstrike on a Shiite neighborhood in south Beirut reached 41. Across the country 77 Lebanese were killed along with three Israeli soldiers. The UN said an oil spill caused by Israeli raids on a Lebanese power plant could rival the 1989 Exxon Valdez disaster that despoiled the Alaskan coast if not urgently addressed. the Jiyyeh plant, which was bombed by Israel on July 14 and July 15 a few days into its offensive against Hezbollah. 12,000 tons of leaking oil had already polluted more than 140 kilometers (87 miles) of the Lebanese coast and spread north into Syrian waters.
    (AP, 8/8/06)(AP, 8/9/06)(AFP, 8/8/06)

2006        Aug 8, Israeli forces battled Hezbollah guerrillas across southern Lebanon as diplomats at the United Nations struggled to keep a peace plan from collapsing over Arab demands for an immediate Israeli withdrawal. At least 19 Lebanese civilians were killed in Israeli airstrikes. Israel reported five soldiers killed.
    (AP, 8/8/06)(AP, 8/9/06)

2006        Aug 9, Israel's Security Cabinet approved a wider ground offensive in south Lebanon that was expected to take 30 days as part of a new push to badly damage Hezbollah. Al-Jazeera reported that 11 Israeli soldiers were killed in heavy fighting with Hezbollah guerrillas near the border in south Lebanon. Israeli's military struck Lebanon's largest Palestinian refugee camp, killing at least one person and wounding three others.
    (AP, 8/9/06)

2006        Aug 10, Israel said it will hold back on its new ground offensive in Lebanon until the weekend to give cease-fire efforts another chance. In Jerusalem a tourist (25) was stabbed to death by an Arab youth near one of the gates to the walled Old City in what was believed to be a political attack.
    (AP, 8/10/06)

2006        Aug 11, Israeli airstrikes pounded south Beirut and border crossings to Syria, killing at least 14 people across Lebanon as ground fighting picked up intensity in the south. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert accepted an emerging Mideast cease-fire deal and informed the United States of his decision. An Israeli drone fired at a convoy of refugees fleeing southern Lebanon, killing at least six people and wounding 16.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 11, The UN Human Rights Council condemned Israel for "massive bombardment of Lebanese civilian populations" and other "systematic" human rights violations, and decided to send a commission to investigate. UN Resolution 1701 called for Israelís withdrawal from Lebanon and the disarmament of Hezbollah.
    (www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/sc8808.doc.htm)(AP, 8/11/06)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.11)

2006        Aug 12, Israel staged wide-ranging airstrikes and sent commandos into the Hezbollah heartland as the UN raced to begin enforcing its new cease-fire blueprint and stop the heavy fighting still raging in southern Lebanon. Hezbollah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah said the militant organization would abide by the UN cease-fire resolution but would keep fighting as long as Israeli troops remained in southern Lebanon. Israel lost 24 soldiers, including five on a helicopter shot out of the air by guerrillas.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, The UN Security Council adopted a resolution seeking a "full cessation" of violence between Israel and Hezbollah, offering the region its best chance yet for peace after a month of fighting that has killed more than 800 people and inflamed Mideast tensions.
    (AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 12, Thousands of people gathered across from the White House, even though President Bush was out of town, to condemn US and Israeli policies in the Middle East. In SF thousands of protesters decried US Mideast policy and Israelís military actions in Lebanon and Palestine. A smaller group demonstrated on behalf of Israel.
    (SSFC, 8/13/06, p.B1)(AP, 8/12/07)

2006        Aug 13, After a stormy debate, Israel's Cabinet approved a Mideast cease-fire, agreeing to silence the army's guns on Aug 14 at 8AM. The Israeli military embarked on a last-minute push to devastate Hezbollah guerrillas, rocketing south Beirut with at least 20 missiles. Israeli warplanes fired missiles into gasoline stations in the southern port city of Tyre, killing at least 12 people in those and other attacks. Hezbollah fired more than 150 rockets at northern Israel, killing an Israeli man. Two Israeli air raids on a village in Lebanon's eastern Bekaa Valley killed at least seven people and wounded nearly two dozen.
    (AP, 8/13/06)

2006        Aug 14, Israeli soldiers killed six Hezbollah fighters in three skirmishes in Lebanon after the UN-imposed cease-fire took effect. The clashes came as Lebanese civilians defied an Israeli travel ban and streamed back to their homes in war-ravaged areas. Lebanese, Israeli and UN officers met on the border to discuss the withdrawal of Israeli forces from southern Lebanon and the deployment of the Lebanese army in the region. Lebanon said nearly 791 people were killed since the fighting began. Israel said 116 soldiers and 39 civilians were killed in fighting or from Hezbollah rockets in the 34-day war.
    (AP, 8/14/06)

2006        Aug 15, Israel began slowly withdrawing its forces from southern Lebanon and made plans to hand over its captured territory as hopes were raised that a UN-imposed cease-fire would stick, despite early tests on its first day.
    (AP, 8/15/06)

2006        Aug 18, Israeli soldiers killed 3 Palestinian gunmen and wounded 2 others in confrontations in Gaza and the occupied West Bank.
    (WSJ, 8/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 18, The Lebanese army reached the country's southern border with Israel for the first time in decades, sending a lone jeep on patrol through Kfar Kila, a battered stronghold of support for Hezbollah militants. At least 845 Lebanese were killed in the 34-day war: 743 civilians, 34 soldiers and 68 Hezbollah. Israel says it killed about 530 guerrillas. On the Israeli side, 157 were killed, 118 soldiers and 39 civilians, many from the 3,970 Hezbollah rockets. The Lebanese government estimated infrastructure damages at $2.5 billion. The Lebanese death toll was later raised to 1200 and economic costs put to some $12 billion. 
    (AP, 8/18/06)(SFC, 8/19/06, p.C1)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.51)

2006        Aug 19, Israeli commandos raided a Hezbollah stronghold deep inside Lebanon, sparking a fierce clash with militants that left one Israeli soldier dead. Lebanon called the raid a "flagrant violation" of the UN-brokered cease-fire, while Israel said it was aimed at disrupting arms smuggling from Iran and Syria. A Lebanese civilian was killed when unexploded Israeli munitions from the offensive detonated in the village of Ras al-Ein, outside Tyre.
    (AP, 8/19/06)
2006        Aug 19, Israeli soldiers in Ramallah arrested Nasser Shaer, the Palestinian deputy prime minister. He was the highest-ranking Hamas official rounded up in a seven-week-old crackdown against the ruling party.
    (AP, 8/19/06)

2006        Aug 20, Israeli troops detained Mahmoud al-Ramahi, secretary-general of the Hamas parliament, pushing forward with a crackdown on the Islamic militant group.
    (AP, 8/20/06)
2006        Aug 20, Lebanese PM Fuad Saniora called the Israeli bombing campaign "a crime against humanity," and Lebanon's defense minister warned any group that breaks the Middle East cease-fire will be dealt with harshly.
    (AP, 8/20/06)

2006        Aug 21, Police raided the official residence of Israeli President Moshe Katsav as part of a sexual harassment investigation, seizing computers and documents. Israeli troops shot two Hezbollah guerrillas during a clash in the southern Lebanese village of Chamaa.
    (AP, 8/21/06)(AP, 8/22/06)

2006        Aug 22, Israeli troops shot and killed three militants from the Islamic Jihad group near the Israel-Gaza border, as soldiers conducted house-to-house searches and made arrests elsewhere in the coast strip.
    (AP, 8/22/06)

2006        Aug 23, Syria opposed deployment of an international force along its border to prevent arms shipments to Hezbollah, and Israel called the situation in Lebanon "explosive." In southern Lebanon 3 Lebanese soldiers were killed while they dismantled an unexploded missile. An Israeli soldier was killed and three others wounded in southern Lebanon when their tank drove over a land mine.
    (AP, 8/23/06)(AP, 8/24/06)

2006        Aug 24, Israeli forces crossed into the Gaza Strip in a raid that captured a local Hamas militant leader and left his brother dead near a Gaza border town.
    (AP, 8/24/06)

2006        Aug 25, Israeli aircraft attacked two buildings in the Gaza Strip, wounding at least nine people.
    (AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Aug 26, In the West Bank, Israeli troops and Palestinian gunmen traded heavy fire during a standoff at a fugitives' hideout and doctors said a 16-year-old Palestinian was killed. Twenty Palestinians were wounded in the clashes in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Aug 27, Israeli aircraft fired two missiles at an armored car belonging to the Reuters news agency, wounding five people, including two cameramen. Two Hamas militants were killed in separate airstrikes.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Aug 28, An Israeli airstrike on central Gaza killed 4 Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 8/28/06)

2006        Aug 30, Israeli troops launched airstrikes on the outskirts of Gaza City and exchanged gunfire with Palestinian militants, killing six people.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Lebanese PM Fuad Saniora said that he refused to have any direct contact with Israel and that Lebanon would be the last Arab country to ever sign a peace deal with the Jewish state. Jan Egeland, the UN humanitarian chief, accused Israel of "shocking" and "completely immoral" behavior for dropping large numbers of cluster bombs on Lebanon when a cease-fire in its war with Hezbollah was in sight.
    (AP, 8/30/06)

2006        Aug 31, The Israeli army said that it has transferred control over a portion of the Israel-Lebanon border to Lebanese and international troops for the first time in two decades.
    (AP, 8/31/06)
2006        Aug 31, Israeli soldiers searching for tunnels and explosives withdrew from the outskirts of Gaza City, ending a five-day operation that Palestinians said left 20 people dead and heavily damaged houses, streets and farmlands. Palestinian militants fired five homemade rockets into Israel, defying the calls by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to halt the attacks.
    (AP, 8/31/06)

2006        Sep 4, In Lebanon US civil rights leader Rev. Jesse Jackson met with Hezbollah officials and called on them to show proof that two captured Israeli soldiers are still alive. A UN spokesman said Secretary-General Kofi Annan has agreed to requests by Hezbollah and Israel that he mediate in negotiations over the release of two abducted Israeli soldiers. Qatar announced that it would contribute 200 to 300 troops to the UN peacekeeping force in Lebanon, making the Persian Gulf state the first Arab country to commit soldiers to the peace effort in Lebanon.
    (AP, 9/4/06)

2006        Sep 5, Israeli forces left five villages in southern Lebanon and were replaced by Lebanese troops, who also moved into the center of a Hezbollah stronghold devastated by weeks of fighting.
    (AP, 9/5/06)
2006        Sep 5, Palestinian security officers went on the rampage in Gaza City to demand back pay from the cash-strapped Hamas-led government. Israel pressed ahead with its offensive against Hamas militants, killing five with airstrikes in the Rafah refugee camp.
    (AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 9/6/06)

2006        Sep 7, Workers at Lebanon's only airport prepared to receive a full flow of commercial flights. Israel began lifting its air blockade of Lebanon, but the naval blockade will remain in place until troops from the new UN international force are in place.
    (AP, 9/7/06)

2006        Sep 8, Israel lifted its nearly two-month naval blockade of Lebanon after European warships began patrolling to keep out weapons shipments for Hezbollah guerrillas.
    (AP, 9/8/06)

2006        Sep 9, The 10-week Israeli military operation, code named Summer Rains, left 230 Gazans dead, including over 60 children. It had no noticeable impact on militant activities.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.47)
2006        Sep 9, British PM Tony Blair arrived in Tel Aviv for talks with his Israeli counterpart Ehud Olmert and other key players in the region on the stalled Middle East peace process.
    (AFP, 9/9/06)

2006        Sep 12, An Israeli military court ordered the release of 18 imprisoned Hamas lawmakers, including three Cabinet ministers, and raised questions about the army's case. A spokesman for the outgoing Hamas-led administration said the group is prepared to back peace efforts with Israel as part of the new coalition government being formed by the Palestinians. Hamas militants killed an Israeli soldier during a gunbattle in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/12/06)

2006        Sep 17, The Israeli Cabinet authorized an inquiry into the government's handling of the recent war in Lebanon, capping weeks of disagreements over the scope of the investigation.
    (AP, 9/17/06)

2006        Sep 18, Israel said it will consider freeing Palestinian prisoners and releasing millions of dollars in tax rebates to Palestinians if their government moderates its hardline views. Israel charged three Hezbollah members arrested in Lebanon during the recent war with murder for involvement in deadly attacks on soldiers.
    (AP, 9/18/06)

2006        Sep 20, Israeli forces raided the West Bank cities of Nablus and Jenin, destroying five foreign exchange depots and a bank and taking funds the army said were earmarked for terrorism. Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired two rockets at an Israeli town, wounding a 15-year-old boy and another person.
    (AP, 9/20/06)

2006        Sep 21, Israeli forces killed at least 5 Palestinians in the Gaza Strip as gunmen fired rockets into Israel.
    (SFC, 9/22/06, p.A13)

2006        Sep 22, Israelis marked the Jewish New Year shaken by the inconclusive war in Lebanon, angry at their leaders and coping with growing gaps between rich and poor.
    (AP, 9/22/06)

2006        Sep 26, Palestinian militants fired at least two rockets from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel, wounding at least one person.
    (AP, 9/26/06)

2006        Sep 27, An Israeli court released the Palestinian deputy prime minister, the highest ranking Hamas official to be freed following a crackdown on the Islamic militant group. But the court temporarily banned him from going to his government office in the city of Ramallah. Israeli airstrikes on a house in the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah killed a 14-year-old girl and wounded seven other people.
    (AP, 9/27/06)

2006        Sep 29, Israeli soldiers killed two Palestinians in the northern Gaza Strip. Tens of thousands of Hamas supporters marched in the Gaza Strip to show their backing for the militant group, even as its efforts to form a national unity government appeared stalled.
    (AP, 9/29/06)

2006        Oct 1, The Israeli army abandoned positions in Lebanon, withdrawing the last of its troops from its neighbor and fulfilling a key condition of the Aug. 14 cease-fire that ended a monthlong war against Hezbollah.
    (AP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 8, Israeli troops shot and killed Osama Talad (21), a Palestinian militant, during a fierce gunbattle in the Balata West Bank refugee camp.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 10, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian militant who infiltrated from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel wearing a bomb belt.
    (AP, 10/11/06)

2006        Oct 11, Israeli forces killed Abdullah Mansour (31), a militant in the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, in the course of an overnight arrest raid.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, Israel inaugurated its first horse racetrack.
    (AP, 10/11/06)

2006        Oct 12, An Israeli drone fired two missiles at a crowd of Palestinians in a pre-dawn in the Gaza Strip, killing at least 3 Hamas militants and 3 bystanders including a father and his 13-year-old son. An Israeli airstrike targeting the home of Ashraf Farwana, a senior Hamas militant, killed his brother and a 2-year-old girl.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(SFC, 10/13/06, p.A17)

2006        Oct 13, Israeli forces killed at least four people in a series of attacks throughout the Gaza Strip. The deaths brought to 13 the number of Palestinians killed by the military in Gaza since the army launched its latest ground incursion early on Oct 12.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)

2006        Oct 14, Israeli troops killed six Palestinian gunmen in airstrikes in the Gaza Strip and set up a makeshift detention center just outside the territory.
    (AP, 10/14/06)

2006        Oct 17, Israeli troops shot and killed three Palestinians, including a 16-year-old stone-thrower, in the West Bank town of Qabatiyeh.
    (AP, 10/17/06)

2006        Oct 18, Israeli tanks and infantry took up positions on the Egypt-Gaza border, killing two Palestinian gunmen as the army broadened its search for arms smuggling tunnels.
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 20, A Jewish settler watchdog group said more than 40 percent of unauthorized West Bank outposts are built on private Palestinian land, adding that there are no signs the Israeli government is taking steps to tear them down.
    (AP, 10/20/06)

2006        Oct 22, An Israeli Cabinet minister said the Israeli army used phosphorous artillery shells against Hezbollah guerrilla targets during their war in Lebanon this summer, confirming Lebanese allegations for the first time. Israel's defense minister said that air force flights over Lebanon would continue because arms smuggling to Lebanese guerrillas has not stopped.
    (AP, 10/22/06)

2006        Oct 23, Israeli troops shot and killed seven Palestinians, including a militant who led a rocket-launching operation.
    (AP, 10/23/06)

2006        Oct 25, Robert Rosenberg (54), Boston-born Israeli writer, died of cancer in Tel Aviv, the Israeli daily Haaretz reported on its Web site. Rosenberg was a senior staff editor at the paper. Rosenberg was author of the 1991 New York Times notable thriller, "Crimes of the City," which was followed by 3 more books featuring the same protagonist, detective Avram Cohen. Rosenberg founded the Ariga.com Web site in 1995 as a source for information on Middle East peace efforts.
    (AP, 10/25/06)

2006        Oct 26, Israeli forces shot and killed two Palestinians in exchanges of gunfire in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 10/26/06)

2006        Oct 27, Israeli army raids in the northern West Bank killed 3 Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/27/06)

2006        Oct 30, The Israeli Cabinet voted overwhelmingly to bring into the government a hawkish party that opposes ceding territory to the Palestinians and wants to redraw Israel's borders to exclude many Israeli Arabs.
    (AP, 10/30/06)

2006        Nov 1, Israeli troops, backed by tanks and helicopter gunships, killed at least six Palestinian militants. The raid left 9 Palestinians and a soldier dead.
    (AP, 11/1/06)(WSJ, 11/2/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 2, Israeli helicopter gunships, tanks and ground troops tightened their grip on Beit Hanoun, a northern Gaza town they overran a day before. 9 Palestinians were killed in Israel's biggest push in months to stop militant rocket fire.
    (AP, 11/2/06)(SFC, 11/3/06, p.A22)(WSJ, 11/3/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 3, Hundreds of Palestinian women in robes and headscarves streamed into a Gaza combat zone to help free gunmen besieged by Israeli troops at a mosque. Two women who came under fire were killed and at least 10 wounded, but some gunmen managed to escape. The 3-day Israeli offensive killed 35 Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/4/06)(WSJ, 11/4/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 5, Israelís PM Ehud Olmert pledged to press ahead with Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip until the army significantly decreases Palestinian rocket fire on Israel.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2006        Nov 6, A female suicide bomber approached Israeli troops in the northern Gaza Strip and blew herself up. One soldier was lightly wounded in the blast.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, Hundreds of Israelis of Ethiopian descent clashed with police and briefly blocked a main road leading into Jerusalem in a protest of the Health Ministry's wholesale discarding of donated Ethiopian blood.
    (AP, 11/6/06)

2006        Nov 7, Israeli tanks fired two shells at the home of the Hamas lawmaker who organized a women's protest that allowed militants to escape from a northern Gaza mosque under Israeli siege. Israeli forces ended a bloody weeklong operation in the Gaza town of Beit Hanoun, leaving behind a swath of destroyed homes, uprooted trees and streets muddied with sewage water from pipes destroyed by tanks and bulldozers.
    (AP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 8, Israeli tank shells crashed into a residential neighborhood north of the town of Beit Hanoun, killing at least 18 people including eight children in their sleep. Israeli forces attacked a group of Palestinian militants near the West Bank town of Jenin, killing four and a civilian. Hamas' exiled leader, Khaled Mashaal, says a 2005 truce with Israel is finished and appealed to all Palestinian factions to resume attacks.
    (AP, 11/8/06)

2006        Nov 10, Israel's gay community braved vehement opposition from religious fundamentalists and held a large rally in Jerusalem, complete with live rock music, dancing and declarations of pride. A group of gay Palestinian Americans canceled a planned pride march in East Jerusalem after one of them was beaten unconscious by a man from the Waqf Muslim religious authority.
    (AP, 11/10/06)(SFC, 11/11/06, p.A3)

2006        Nov 11, The US vetoed a UN Security Council draft resolution that sought to condemn an Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip and demand Israeli troops pull out of the territory.
    (AP, 11/12/06)

2006        Nov 12, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert began a five-day trip to the United States. Israeli forces killed a Palestinian teenager in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, Palestinian foreign minister Mahmud Zahar told fellow ministers at an Arab League emergency meeting in Cairo that the costs of rebuilding the north Gaza town of Beit Hanun after deadly Israeli shelling amounts to 50 million dollars. Arab countries decided to lift the financial blockade on Palestinians in response to a US veto on a UN Security Council draft resolution condemning Israel's military offensive in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/12/06)

2006        Nov 13, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said that any effort to stop growing violence between Islamic and Western societies must include an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
    (AP, 11/13/06)

2006        Nov 15, Two Palestinian lawmakers from the Islamist group Hamas crossed the Egyptian border into Gaza with more than $4 million in cash, bypassing a Western ban on bank transfers to the Palestinian Authority. A Palestinian rocket fired from Gaza exploded near the home of Israel's defense minister, killing one woman and raising the prospect of a new Israeli military offensive against militant rocket squads.
    (Reuters, 11/15/06)(AP, 11/15/06)

2006        Nov 16, Spain, France and Italy unveiled a five-point Middle East peace initiative, calling Israeli-Palestinian violence intolerable and saying that Europe must take a lead role in ending the conflict.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

2006        Nov 17, An Israeli newspaper reported that Israel is using nanotechnology to create a robot no bigger than a hornet that would be able to chase, photograph and kill its targets.
    (Reuters, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, The UN General Assembly called for an end to Israeli military operations in the Gaza Strip, overwhelmingly passing a resolution in an emergency special session the Israeli ambassador blasted as a "farce" and a "circus."
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 18, Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's new deputy prime minister, said Israel should ignore moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, wipe out the Hamas leadership and walk away from the U.S.-backed "road map" peace plan.
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 19, An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a car traveling in Gaza City, wounding 6 people, including two Hamas militants. Militants from the ruling Islamic group Hamas fired two rockets from the Gaza Strip at the Israeli town of Sderot. Israel canceled airstrikes on the houses of Gaza militants after Palestinians formed human shields around them.
    (AP, 11/19/06)(WSJ, 11/20/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 21, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the government to recognize same-sex marriages performed abroad.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, The Israeli military launched a three-pronged offensive in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a top Hamas commander in its latest operation against Palestinian rocket squads. An elderly Palestinian woman died in a gunbattle between troops and militants. Two Italian aid workers were kidnapped in the Gaza Strip. Both were released within 24 hours.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AP, 11/22/06)

2006        Nov 22, Israeli ground troops, tanks and armored vehicles advanced on two northern Gaza towns in pursuit of Palestinian rocket squads, besieging a well-known Hamas lawmaker's house and engaging militants in ferocious clashes.
    (AP, 11/22/06)

2006        Nov 23, Israeli troops went after Palestinian militants in Gaza as rockets slammed into southern Israel, but a planned meeting between a Hamas leader and Egyptian mediators raised hopes the violence could be contained. A 64-year-old Palestinian grandmother blew herself up near Israeli troops sweeping through northern Gaza, and eight other Palestinians were killed in a day of clashes and rocket fire.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 24, PM Ismail Haniyeh of Hamas said that Palestinian factions had agreed to halt rocket fire if Israel reciprocates by stopping its military offensives in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israel rejected the offer, saying it would respond positively only to a total truce.
    (AP, 11/24/06)

2006        Nov 25, Israel and the Palestinians agreed to a cease-fire to end a five-month Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip and the firing of rockets by Palestinian militants into the Jewish state. Hamas' leader, Damascus-based supreme leader Khaled Mashaal, said his group was willing to give peace negotiations with Israel six months to reach an agreement for a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank, but threatened a new uprising if the talks fail.
    (AP, 11/25/06) (AP, 11/25/07)
2006        Nov 25, A UN agency said that Israel laid mines in Lebanon during this summer's war between the Jewish state and the Lebanon-based Hezbollah group, the first time Israel has been accused of planting mines during the latest fighting.
    (AP, 11/25/06)

2006        Nov 26, Israeli troops withdrew from the Gaza Strip as an unexpected truce took hold, but two major Palestinian militant groups, saying they had no intention of stopping their attacks, fired volleys of homemade rockets into Israel.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2006        Nov 27, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert, seeking to build on a shaky cease-fire with the Palestinians, offered to reduce checkpoints, release frozen funds, and free prisoners in exchange for a serious push for peace by the Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/27/06)

2006        Nov 28, Jordan's King Abdullah II called for renewed efforts to settle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in a speech, but he warned that his country would not accept a deal that causes an influx of Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Dec 4, The Israeli army killed a Palestinian and arrested 17 militants in raids across the West Bank, despite a decision by the military to scale back such operations in order to bolster a shaky truce with the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 7, Ali Reza Asgari, a retired general who served in Iran's Revolutionary Guard, arrived in Turkey on a private visit from Damascus, Syria. He had become involved in the olive business after retirement. Iranian officials later said that he disappeared on Dec 9. In March, 2009, a former German Defense Ministry official said Asgari had defected and was providing information to the West on Iran's nuclear program. Asgari allegedly told the West that Iran was financing North Korean steps to transform Syria into a nuclear weapons power, leading to an Israeli airstrike that targeted a site in Syria on Sept. 6, 2007. In November Iranian news Web sites reported that Asgari had been abducted by Israeli agents and is now being held in Israel.
    (AP, 11/16/09)

2006        Dec 8, Israeli police captured Benny Sela (35), an escaped serial rapist in northern Israel, ending a two-week saga that caused nationwide panic.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Palestinian PM Ismail Haniyeh told thousands of Iranians that his Hamas-led government will never recognize Israel and will continue to fight for the "liberation of Jerusalem."
    (AP, 12/8/06)

2006        Dec 11, UN officials said Israel has blocked a UN fact-finding mission to the Gaza Strip that was to be led by Nobel Laureate Desmond Tutu. Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Mark Regev said that no final decision has been made.
    (AP, 12/11/06)

2006        Dec 13, Israel's Supreme Court ruled that some Palestinians injured by the Israeli military may sue the state for compensation, a decision hailed as groundbreaking by an Arab civil rights group but condemned by right-wing Israeli lawmakers as damaging to the country's security.
    (AP, 12/12/06)

2006        Dec 14, Israel ordered the Rafah crossing closed to keep PM Haniyeh from bringing in an estimated $35 million he had collected abroad to help alleviate the Palestinian financial crisis. Israeli officials said Haniyeh could return to Gaza without the money, which it said was to be used for terror attacks. Haniyeh left the funds in Egypt. When Haniyeh finally crossed, unidentified men began firing toward him. One of his bodyguards was killed and his son and 26 others were wounded. Fatah-allied Palestinian security officers arrested a Hamas-linked militant in connection with the killing of a security chief's young children. Palestinian militants fired a rocket into Israel at dawn.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)

2006        Dec 15, The UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to establish an office to register Palestinian damage claims stemming from Israel's construction of a barrier in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/16/06)

2006        Dec 19, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert made a surprise visit to Jordan for talks with King Abdullah II on ways to revive Mideast peacemaking. A wanted Palestinian militant was killed and two others were arrested by Israeli forces in the West Bank city of Nablus. Gunbattles raged in the streets of Gaza City between the Hamas and Fatah movements, killing at least four people in factional fighting that shredded a shaky truce. At least 18 people were wounded, including five children caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 12/19/06)

2006        Dec 23, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas held the first Israeli-Palestinian summit in 22 months. Israel agreed to release $100 million in frozen funds to Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas and to ease West Bank travel restrictions.
    (SSFC, 12/24/06, p.A21)(AP, 12/23/07)

2006        Dec 27, Israel decided to resume pinpoint attacks against Palestinian rocket-launching cells in Gaza, jeopardizing what is already a shaky, month-old truce with Gaza militants.
    (AP, 12/27/06)

2006        Dec 28, Israeli security officials said Egypt has sent a large shipment of weapons through Israeli territory to shore up forces loyal to the embattled Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, an extraordinary show of support by both countries for his efforts to renew peacemaking with Israel.
    (AP, 12/28/06)

2006        Gadi Bloom and Nir Hefez authored ďAriel Sharon: A Life."
    (WSJ, 10/3/06, p.D5)
2006        Efraim Halevy authored ďMan in the Shadows: Inside the Middle East Crises with a Man Who Led the Mossad."
    (Econ, 4/1/06, p.67)
2006        Meir Margalit authored ďDiscrimination in the Heart of the Holy City," an account of the differences between the Israeli and Palestinian sides of Jerusalem.
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.27)

2006        During this year Israeli forces killed 660 Palestinians, almost half of whom were innocent bystanders including 141 children. Palestinians killed 17 Israeli citizens and 6 soldiers.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.56)

2007        Jan 1, Bulgaria and Romania joined the EU. Some 30,000 Israelis gained EU citizenship due to their dual registration in Romania.
    (WSJ, 10/4/06, p.A11)(AP, 1/1/07)

2007        Jan 2, Teddy Kollek (b.1911), the legendary mayor of Jerusalem, died. He was born in Hungary, but was brought up mostly in Vienna. Kollek arrived in Palestine in 1934 and in 1965 was elected mayor of Jerusalem and served to 1993. He presided over the reunification of the city after the 1967 Mideast war and tried to balance the needs of its split Jewish and Arab populations.
    (AP, 1/2/07)(Econ, 1/13/07, p.78)

2007        Jan 4, Israeli troops and Palestinian gunmen exchanged heavy fire in downtown Ramallah after undercover Israeli forces tried to arrest fugitives in the city's vegetable market. Four Palestinians were killed and 20 wounded. Pres. Abbas demanded $5 million in compensation for the damage to shops and cars in Ramallah. Fatah Col. Mohammed Ghayeb and six of his bodyguards were killed in factional fighting in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 1/4/07)(AP, 1/5/07)
2007        Jan 4, Overshadowed by an Israeli raid into the Palestinian territories, a summit between Israel and Egypt achieved little in reviving the long-stalled Mideast peace process, highlighting instead the disagreements between Israel and its Arab neighbors.
    (AP, 1/5/07)
2007        Jan 4, Musir Salem Jawher (28) from Bahrain won the 30th International Tiberias Marathon, around the Sea of Galilee. The Kenyan runner (Leonard Mucheru), adopted by Bahrain 4 years earlier, faced anger from Bahrain for running in an Israeli marathon.
    (WSJ, 4/16/07, p.A1)(www.tiberias-marathon.co.il/en/)

2007        Jan 7, In Israel former PM Ehud Barak announced his political comeback, saying he will run for the leadership of the Labor Party in a first step toward a possible bid at regaining the country's top office.
    (AP, 1/7/07)

2007        Jan 8, Israeli police arrested Yigal Saar, the US representative of the Israel Tax Authority, as part of a bribery and influence-peddling probe that has so far questioned the authority's top officials and an aide to Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

2007        Jan 9, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert arrived in China for a visit centered around boosting trade ties and discussions on Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

2007        Jan 10, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert, midway through an official visit to Beijing, said he received a candid assurance from China that it opposes Iran having a nuclear arsenal.
    (AP, 1/10/07)
2007        Jan 10, Khaled Meshaal, the leader of Hamas, said Hamas acknowledges the existence of Israel but formal recognition by the group will only be considered when a Palestinian state has been created.
    (AP, 1/10/07)

2007        Jan 11, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert ended a visit to China after talks with Chinese leaders on Iran's nuclear program and efforts to boost trade and economic ties.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

2007        Jan 15, The Israeli government published plans to build 44 homes in Israel's largest West Bank settlement, violating a pledge to the US as Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice was in the region on a peace-seeking mission.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, An Israeli court ruled that a dead soldier's family can have his sperm impregnated into the body of a woman he never met.
    (AP, 1/29/07)

2007        Jan 16, In Israel Abir Aramin, a 10-year-old Palestinian girl, was hit by a rubber-coated bullet as she stood some distance from a demonstration. She died two days later in a Jerusalem hospital. In 2010 a Jerusalem court  decided in a ruling that the Israeli state was responsible for the death of the girl. In 2011 an Israeli court ordered the government to pay $432,000 to the family of Abir.
    (AP, 8/18/10)(www.counterpunch.org/peled08082007.html)(AP, 9/26/11)

2007        Jan 19, Israel said it had paid $100 million in frozen tax funds to the Palestinians and rescinded a contentious decision for a new West Bank settlement, strengthening the hand of moderate President Mahmoud Abbas ahead of crucial weekend talks in Damascus with his Hamas rivals.
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2007        Jan 21, Islamic Jihad militants launched homemade rockets into Israel from the Gaza Strip in retaliation for Israel's continuing military operations against their group in the West Bank.
    (AP, 1/21/07)

2007        Jan 24, Israeli President Moshe Katsav, facing charges of rape and abuse of power, asked parliament to temporarily remove him from office in an effort to blunt growing calls for his resignation. Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian and arrested two others, as the men tried to sneak into Israel from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 1/24/07)

2007        Jan 25, Israelís President Moshe Katsav, who insists he is the victim of a conspiracy, stepped aside after a parliamentary committee voted 13-11 to grant his request to do so. He preserved his immunity by taking a leave rather than resigning.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Jan 28, The Israeli government approved the appointment of Raleb Majadele, the country's first Muslim Cabinet member.
    (AP, 1/28/07)

2007        Jan 29, A Palestinian suicide bomber attacked a bakery in Eilat, a southern Israeli resort town, killing three people and himself. The Palestinian who blew himself up was unemployed, despondent over the death of his baby daughter and driven to avenge his best friend's killing by Israeli troops. Hamas and Fatah gunmen battled each other across the Gaza Strip, attacking security compounds, knocking out an electrical transformer and kidnapping several local commanders in some of the most extensive factional fighting in recent weeks.
    (AP, 1/29/07)

2007        Feb 1, Israeli troops killed two Palestinian gunmen in an exchange of fire in Nablus.
    (AP, 2/1/07)

2007        Feb 9, Israeli police stormed the grounds of Islam's third-holiest shrine, firing stun grenades and tear gas to disperse thousands of Muslim worshippers who hurled stones, bottles and trash in an eruption of outrage over Israeli renovation nearby.
    (AP, 2/9/07)

2007        Feb 11, Israel successfully conducted its first nighttime test of the Arrow anti-missile system after sundown.
    (AP, 2/11/07)

2007        Feb 18, Israel and the US agreed ahead of a three-way meeting with the Palestinians to shun any new Palestinian government that does not renounce violence, recognize Israel and accept existing peace agreements.
    (AP, 2/18/07)

2007        Feb 21, Israeli troops fatally shot a West Bank leader of the Islamic Jihad militant group who was involved in an attempted bombing near Tel Aviv. 93.6 RAM FM began broadcasting 20 independent news bulletins a day from studios in Jerusalem and the West Bank to a target audience of half a million English-speakers on both sides of the divide in the Holy Land.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)(AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Lebanese anti-aircraft guns fired at Israeli warplanes over southern Lebanon, indicating that Lebanon's army is taking a new assertiveness toward Israel.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2007        Feb 22, The Israeli daily Haaretz reported that Syria has embarked on an "unprecedented" effort to bolster its armed forces with Iranian and Russian help.
    (AP, 2/22/07)

2007        Feb 24, Israel denied a report in a British daily that it is seeking permission from the United States to fly its bombers over Iraq to attack Iran's nuclear facilities.
    (AFP, 2/24/07)

2007        Feb 25, Dozens of Israeli jeeps and armored vehicles poured into Nablus overnight, placing large areas of the city under curfew and conducting house-to-house arrest raids in one of the largest West Bank military operations in months.
    (AP, 2/25/07)

2007        Feb 26, Israeli troops sealed off the center of Nablus' old city with cement blocks and trash containers, and searched apartments for seven Palestinian fugitives whose names the army broadcast over local TV and radio stations.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Feb 27, The Israeli army pulled its troops and armored vehicles out of the West Bank city of Nablus after a three-day operation targeting Palestinians militants.
    (AP, 2/27/07)

2007        Feb 28, Israeli troops shot and killed three Palestinian militants in the West Bank town of Jenin and raided the nearby city of Nablus for the second time this week, placing tens of thousands of people under curfew.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 7, Israeli troops raided the Palestinian military headquarters in Ramallah and arrested 18 fugitives who had sought shelter there.
    (AP, 3/7/07)
2007        Mar 7, The Israeli air force unveiled its newest unmanned aircraft, saying the plane can fly longer, faster and higher than any other surveillance aircraft.
    (AP, 3/7/07)

2007        Mar 12, Israel confirmed that it  has recalled Tsuriel Raphael, its ambassador to El Salvador, after he was found naked, bound and drunk two weeks earlier.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 14, Israeli and Palestinian envoys said that improving the economy can revive the peace process as they got to work on a Japanese initiative to create jobs in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/14/07)

2007        Mar 15, Interpol said it plans to issue international requests for the arrest of five prominent Iranians and a Lebanese militant in connection with the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center in Argentina.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 15, The rival Hamas and Fatah movements formed a long-elusive unity government, hoping to end bloody infighting and lead the Palestinians out of yearlong international isolation. Israel immediately said that it would not deal with the new government.
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Mar 16, Israeli leaders criticized the new Palestinian unity government, charging that the Hamas-Fatah coalition did not meet international conditions, including recognizing the Jewish state's right to exist. Three masked Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a vehicle carrying the chief of the UN refugee mission in Gaza and tried to kidnap him. A Fatah intelligence official was killed in a nearby ambush.
    (AP, 3/16/07)(WSJ, 3/17/07, p.A1)

2007        Mar 21, Tens of thousands of Israeli workers launched an open-ended general strike that crippled the country's airports, seaports, railways, government offices, banks, the stock exchange and many other services. The strike by public service workers ended after just eight hours, when the Israeli government agreed to pay back wages.
    (AP, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 26, Israel welcomed the idea of a regional peace summit and Saudi Arabia suggesting it would consider changes in a dormant peace initiative to make it more acceptable to Israel.
    (AP, 3/26/07)

2007        Mar 27, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said Israeli and Palestinian leaders have agreed to meet every two weeks to discuss day-to-day issues, in a quickening diplomatic pace that eventually could spur talks on a final peace settlement.
    (AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 28, Hundreds of Israeli police in riot gear dragged squatters from the ruins of the former Homesh settlement, ending a three-day showdown between the government and settlers trying to re-establish the settlement. Homesh was one of four settlements in the northern West Bank dismantled in 2005.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2007        Mar 28, A small group of Arab lesbians quietly defied Islamist protesters and a social taboo to gather at a rare public conference in Haifa, Israeli. It was organized by Aswat, an organization for Arab lesbians with members in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2007        Mar 29, Arab leaders at their summit in Riyadh agreed on a call for Israel to accept their land-for-peace offer and open direct negotiations with the Arabs. Unlike past summits that at times saw overt feuds break out, the gathering of Arab kings, emirs and presidents showed unusual public unity as it revived the peace offer, which they first made in 2002 only to meet rejection from Israel.
    (AP, 3/29/07)

2007        Apr 1, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert invited Arab leaders to attend a peace conference to discuss their ideas for reaching Mideast peace. The Israeli army sealed off the West Bank ahead of the weeklong Passover holiday, restricting the movement of Palestinians into Israel. In her first Mideast trip as EU president, German Chancellor Angela Merkel offered Europe's help in bringing Israel and the Palestinians back to the negotiating table, trying to build on a new burst of international efforts to restart peace talks.
    (AP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 2, Saudi Arabia signaled it is unlikely to accept an Israeli invitation to a regional peace conference, saying that Israel must first stop mistreating Palestinians and move to withdraw from Arab lands.
    (AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 3, Interpol issued an international arrest warrant for three Israelis accused of training private armies of Colombian drug cartels and right-wing death squads. Yair Klein, Melnik Ferri and Tzedaka Abraham were being sought on charges of criminal conspiracy and instruction in terrorism.
    (AP, 4/3/07)

2007        Apr 4, A Palestinian gunman was killed in an exchange of fire with Israeli troops in an area where militants frequently fire rockets toward Israel.
    (AP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 7, An Israeli helicopter launched an airstrike along the Gaza Strip's border with Israel, killing a Palestinian militant and wounding two others.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2007        Apr 8, A Palestinian attacker stabbed and wounded two Israeli police officers at a checkpoint outside a Hebron shrine that has been a flashpoint for violence in the past.
    (AP, 4/8/07)

2007        Apr 10, Israeli authorities said they had arrested 19 Palestinian militants in March for planning to set off a huge car bomb in Tel Aviv over the Jewish holiday of Passover.
    (AP, 4/10/07)

2007        Apr 12, A Syrian-American businessman with ties to the Damascus government made an unprecedented appearance before an Israeli parliamentary panel, telling lawmakers that Syrian President Bashar Assad is ready to make peace with the Jewish state.
    (AP, 4/13/07)

2007        Apr 15, Israeli and Palestinian leaders discussed the outlines of Palestinian statehood for the first time in six years, taking a modest step toward breaking the long paralysis in peacemaking.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 17, Israel's Shin Bet security agency said that it has broken up an Iranian plot to recruit Israelis of Iranian origin as spies, part of what it says is a burgeoning Iranian intelligence operation against the Jewish state. Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian militant near Jenin. Four Israelis were shot and wounded as they were driving near the West Bank Jewish settlement of Naaleh.
    (AP, 4/17/07)

2007        Apr 18, The British Foreign Office expressed disappointment and disagreement with a National Union of Journalists vote to call for a boycott on Israeli goods.
    (AP, 4/18/07)

2007        Apr 19, Israeli Knesset speaker Dalia Yitzik arrived in Jordan, the second Israeli official to visit the Arab kingdom this week for talks on ways to revive Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking.
    (AP, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 21, Israeli troops killed four Palestinians in clashes in the West Bank, including three militants who died when troops opened fire at their vehicle. A Palestinian policeman was killed when he climbed on the roof of his home during an Israeli arrest operation in the village of Kafr Dan. Palestinian officials said a 17-year-old girl, identified as Bushra Wahash, was shot by Israeli gunfire as she peered out the window of her home in the Jenin refugee camp. Palestinian militants in Gaza fired three homemade rockets into southern Israel. One of the rockets scored a direct hit on a house in the Israeli border town of Sderot, causing no injuries. Minutes later, an Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a Palestinian car near the rocket launch site. A 37-year-old man in the car was killed and a second occupant was wounded.
    (AP, 4/21/07)
2007        Apr 21, In Cairo an Egyptian-Canadian man was convicted of spying for Israel and sentenced to 15 years in prison by a special security court.
    (AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 22, Israeli troops killed two Palestinian militants, including a top bombmaker, during an arrest raid. The Islamic militant group Hamas called for new attacks on Israel after eight Palestinians were killed in a surge of fighting over the weekend.
    (AP, 4/22/07)

2007        Apr 24, The armed wing of Hamas fired a barrage of rockets and mortar shells from Gaza toward Israel on its independence day, and said they considered it the end of a five-month truce with Israel.
    (AP, 4/24/07)(WSJ, 4/25/07, p.A1)

2007        Apr 25, Israelís PM Ehud Olmert authorized the army to carry out limited operations against militants in the Gaza Strip, but ruled out a large-scale ground offensive in response to a new round of Hamas rocket attacks.
    (AP, 4/25/07)

2007        Apr 28, Israeli troops killed at least three Hamas militants who were en route to carrying out an attack.
    (AP, 4/28/07)

2007        Apr 30, An Israeli government commission aimed harsh criticism at PM Ehud Olmert and other officials for their handling of last summer's war in Lebanon.
    (AP, 4/30/07)

2007        May 3, In Israel the campaign to oust PM Ehud Olmert shifted to the streets, with a mass rally in Tel Aviv expected to draw tens of thousands of people calling for the embattled leader to step down.
    (AP, 5/3/07)

2007        May 6, Two Israeli human rights groups charged in a report that Israel's Shin Bet security service uses torture in its interrogation of Palestinian prisoners, violating a 1999 court ruling outlawing such practices.
    (AP, 5/6/07)

2007        May 7, Israeli scientists said they found King Herodís tomb near Jerusalem.
    (WSJ, 5/8/07, p.A1)

2007        May 10, In Cairo Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni held talks with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in the first high-level discussion between Israel and the Arab world on an Arab initiative calling for an exchange of land for peace.
    (AP, 5/10/07)
2007        May 10, A Palestinian woman in the seventh month of her pregnancy lost her unborn baby when she was caught in crossfire between Israeli troops and Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 5/11/07)

2007        May 16, An Israeli helicopter launched missiles at a Hamas command center in the southern Gaza Strip, killing at least four people, after Hamas fired rocket barrages into Israel in an apparent attempt to draw Israel into increasingly violent Palestinian infighting. At least 19 people were killed in factional fighting between Fatah and Hamas.
    (AP, 5/16/07)(SFC, 5/17/07, p.A12)
2007        May 16, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Ministerial Council Meeting in Paris approved a decision to open accession discussions with Israel.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, SR p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/2h2frt)
2007        May 16, Following a six-decade wait, Estonia's 3,000-strong Jewish community inaugurated its new and only synagogue in Tallinn in the presence of top Israeli dignitaries.
    (AP, 5/16/07)

2007        May 17, Israeli aircraft struck a Hamas command center, a trailer housing bodyguards and two vehicles, citing the firing by militants of more than 50 rockets at the Israeli border town of Sderot over three days.
    (AP, 5/17/07)

2007        May 18, Israel pounded more Hamas targets with airstrikes for a 2nd day, killing four Palestinians. 10 people have died with dozens wounded as it stepped deeper into fighting between the Islamic militants and the rival Fatah fighters of President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 5/18/07)

2007        May 20, Israeli Vice Premier Shimon Peres said his government would offer a counterproposal to an Arab peace initiative to resolve the conflict with Palestinians. Israeli warplanes fired missiles into a car carrying Hamas militants and a load of weapons, killing 3 people, and also demolished arms factories of 2 Palestinian militant groups.
    (AP, 5/20/07)

2007        May 21, Israel pushed ahead with its campaign against Palestinian rocket squads, pounding the Gaza Strip with new airstrikes that killed five militants. A rocket from Gaza killed an Israeli woman.
    (AP, 5/21/07)(WSJ, 5/22/07, p.A1)

2007        May 22, Israeli aircraft struck two camps used by the Islamic militant group Hamas, a day after a Palestinian rocket attack killed an Israeli woman. Officials suggested even Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh of Hamas could be a target.
    (AP, 5/22/07)

2007        May 24, Israeli troops in the West Bank rounded up a Palestinian Cabinet minister and 32 other Hamas leaders in the West Bank before dawn, pressing forward with an offensive against the Islamic militant group.
    (AP, 5/24/07)
2007        May 24, In Lebanon sporadic gunfire erupted inside the Nahr el-Bared refugee camp where Islamic militants are holed up after refusing an ultimatum by Lebanon's defense minister to surrender or face a military onslaught. Lebanon's leader vowed to uproot the fighters. The family of Shaker Youssef al-Absi, the Palestinian who heads the shadowy militant group blamed for this week's violence in Lebanon, said he is not a terrorist but a nationalist who seeks an end to Israel's occupation of Palestinian lands.
    (AP, 5/24/07)

2007        May 26, Israel fired missiles at five Hamas targets minutes apart, killing five people just hours after Gaza militants floated the idea of halting rocket fire on Israeli border towns if the 10-day-old air campaign ends. In the West Bank, Israeli troops arrested Cabinet minister Wasfi Kabaha, confiscating his computer and many of his documents. Also in the West Bank, Palestinian police ambushed Adbel Razik (26), the leader of the violent Fatah offshoot the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, as he emerged from his home. A grenade blew up in his hand, and he later died of his wounds.
    (AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 27, PM Ehud Olmert promised more attacks on the Hamas militant group after a Palestinian rocket attack killed an Israeli man in southern Israel.
    (AP, 5/27/07)

2007        May 30, A group of internationally renowned Israeli authors and university presidents demanded that Israel grant Palestinian students from the Gaza Strip free movement to superior universities in the West Bank.
    (AP, 5/31/07)

2007        Jun 1, Israeli troops shot and killed two 13-year-old Palestinians near the Gaza-Israel border fence, saying they were crawling toward the barrier in a "suspicious manner." The boys had told their families they were going to the beach.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 3, Hamas militants wounded four Israeli soldiers in a mortar attack on a base near the Gaza Strip, shortly after Israel's PM Ehud Olmert vowed to press ahead with military operations against Palestinian gunmen.
    (AP, 6/3/07)

2007        Jun 9, Palestinian gunmen from Gaza broke through Israel's border fortifications and battled Israeli troops near an army post. Israeli Army Radio said troops killed one of the raiders. Medics at a northern Gaza Strip hospital walked off their jobs for a few hours to protest the kidnapping and shooting of a doctor by Palestinian militants, the first physician targeted in months of deadly infighting.
    (AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 10, Israeli aircraft fired on militant targets in Gaza City in predawn airstrikes, hours after Palestinian gunmen breached Israel's heavily fortified Gaza border and tried to capture an Israeli soldier. Rival Palestinian forces clashed in Gaza. 2 militants were killed after being thrown out of high-rise buildings.
    (AP, 6/10/07)(SFC, 6/11/07, p.A7)

2007        Jun 11, Israel's military launched a spy satellite. A senior official suggested it could help keep track of developments in Iran.
    (AP, 6/11/07)

2007        Jun 13, Elder statesman Shimon Peres (83) was elected Israel's ninth president, capping a campaign to extend his six-decade political career in a race marred by rape allegations against Moshe Katsav, the sitting president. Ehud Barak, the former Israeli prime minister tossed out of office six years ago in a humiliating election defeat, won the leadership of the dovish Labor Party.
    (AP, 6/13/07)

2007        Jun 14, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas declared an emergency after the Hamas militant group effectively took control of the Gaza Strip. Hamas fighters overran one of the rival Fatah movement's most important security installations in the Gaza Strip. Witnesses said the victors dragged vanquished gunmen into the street and shot them to death execution-style. 14 fighters and civilians were killed and 80 wounded in the battle for the Preventive Security complex, bringing the day's death toll to 25 by mid-afternoon. Witnesses, Fatah officials and a doctor reported gangland-style killings of the defeated fighters. Palestinian security officials said an Israeli tank shell killed six people, including five children, in the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah. The clashes in Gaza left an estimated 116 people dead and over 500 wounded.
    (AP, 6/15/07)(WSJ, 6/19/07, p.A1)(AP, 6/14/08)

2007        Jun 18, Gunmen and Israeli soldiers exchanged fire at the Erez crossing between Israel and Gaza, killing at least one Palestinian and wounding 15.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jun 19, Former Israeli PM Ehud Barak took over as defense minister. Hundreds of terrified Gazans fleeing Hamas rule were trapped at a main crossing with Israel, hoping to gain permission to pass through Israeli territory to sanctuary in the West Bank. Israeli security officials said they have arrested 12 members of a PLO cell that planned to kidnap American citizens.
    (AP, 6/19/07)(AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, President Bush and visiting Israeli PM Ehud Olmert sided emphatically with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in his standoff with the militant group Hamas.
    (AP, 6/19/08)

2007        Jun 20, Israeli tanks entered southern Gaza, and four people, including at least two militants, were killed in an exchange of fire. Israel fired missiles at two rocket launchers in northern Gaza in the first attack since Hamas militants took control. Israel also let in a few seriously ill Palestinians who had been holed up for days at a fetid border crossing. In the West Bank, two Palestinian militants were killed in a shootout with Israeli troops during an arrest raid near Jenin.
    (AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Jun 23, Israeli troops arrested the founder of the Hamas military wing in the West Bank. Saleh Aruri, was taken from his West Bank home before dawn. Aruri had served 15 years in an Israeli prison and was released in March.
    (AP, 6/23/07)

2007        Jun 24, The Israeli Cabinet approved the release of frozen tax funds to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, in a step to bolster the moderate leader in his standoff against the Islamic militant group Hamas.
    (AP, 6/24/07)

2007        Jun 25, Israel's PM Ehud Olmert promised to free 250 Palestinian prisoners and to improve life in the West Bank in an attempt to boost Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas after Hamas' takeover in Gaza. Olmert made the pledges at a summit in this Egyptian Red Sea resort with Abbas and the leaders of Egypt and Jordan. Hamas militants posted an audio message from an Israeli soldier captured a year ago at an army base near the Gaza Strip, the first sign of life from the young serviceman since he was seized. In a new video kidnapped British journalist Alan Johnston appeared with what he says are explosives strapped to his body and warned that his captors intend to set them off if rescuers attempt to free him by force.
    (AP, 6/25/07)(AP, 6/26/07)
2007        Jun 25, Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's deputy leader, called on Muslims around the world to back Hamas with weapons, money and attacks on US and Israeli interests in a Web audiotape, urging the Palestinian militant group to unite with al-Qaida's "holy warriors" after its takeover of Gaza.
    (AP, 6/25/07)

2007        Jun 26, In Jerusalem international Mideast negotiators searched for ways to revive peace talks after Hamas' takeover of the Gaza Strip. US officials said they were expected to name outgoing British PM Tony Blair as a senior envoy.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

2007        Jun 27, Israeli attacks in the Gaza Strip killed 13 Palestinians, including a 12-year-old boy, and wounded over 40 others.
    (AP, 6/27/07)(SFC, 6/28/07, p.A12)

2007        Jun 28, Israeli President Moshe Katzav agreed to resign under an unexpected plea bargain that included no jail time for sex crimes, ending a year-long investigation. Israeli troops imposed a curfew on downtown Nablus and clashed with Fatah militants as the army's activities moved from Gaza to the West Bank.
    (AP, 6/28/07)

2007        Jun 29, Israeli President Moshe Katsav resigned as part of a much-criticized plea bargain that dropped planned rape charges and the threat of jail time.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 29, In Gaza City a Mickey Mouse look-alike who preached Islamic domination on a Hamas-affiliated children's television program was beaten to death in the show's final episode by an actor posing as an Israeli official trying to buy his land.
    (AP, 6/29/07)(SFC, 6/30/07, p.A9)

2007        Jun 30, An Israeli air strike killed 3 Palestinian militants in Gaza, including an Islamic Jihad commander long sought by Israel for involvement in rocket shootings at the Jewish state.
    (AP, 6/30/07)

2007        Jun, The World Monuments Fund added the Jordan River Valley to its list of 100 most endangered sites. Israel, Jordan and Syria diverted over 90% of the Jordan River water annually for drinking and irrigation, reducing flow to the Dead Sea.
    (SSFC, 8/12/07, p.A15)

2007        Jul 1, Israel transferred millions of dollars worth of tax funds to the new Palestinian government, allowing it to pay its workers in full for the first time in a year, while skipping the ones who work for the Islamic Hamas in Gaza.
    (AP, 7/2/07)

2007        Jul 4, The foreign ministers of Israel and Morocco held their first publicly disclosed talks in years, with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict at the heart of the discussion.
    (AP, 7/4/07)

2007        Jul 5, Israeli troops crossed into the Gaza Strip and engaged Hamas militants in a fierce gunbattle that drew in Israeli aircraft, tanks and bulldozers. 11 militants were killed. A cameraman for Hamas TV, who lay wounded on the ground, came under more fire during a clash with Israeli troops. The shooting was captured on film and broadcast on al-Jazeera satellite television. Imad Ghanem had to have both legs amputated as a result of his injuries. Israel repatriated 4 Jordanian infiltrators who were serving life sentences in Israeli prisons for killing Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 7/5/07)(AP, 7/6/07)(AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 6, Israeli forces pulled out of the Gaza Strip. Their military incursion left 11 Palestinian militants dead and pushed Gaza's rival factions together in urging their people to fight back.
    (AP, 7/6/07)

2007        Jul 8, The Israeli Cabinet approved the release of 250 Palestinian prisoners, in the government's latest gesture of support for moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in his struggle against the Hamas militant group.
    (AP, 7/8/07)

2007        Jul 12, Israeli forces moved into the Gaza Strip in a hunt for weapons and wanted militants, sparking a fierce battle with Hamas militants that killed one Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 15, Mahmoud Darwish, the world's most recognized Palestinian poet, delivered a stinging tirade against Palestinian infighting in his first public appearance in decades in the Israeli city of Haifa. Scores of Fatah militiamen signed pledges to renounce violence against Israel and turned in their weapons. Shimon Peres was inaugurated as Israelís new president.
    (AP, 7/16/07)(SFC, 7/16/07, p.A14)

2007        Jul 16, Pres. Bush said he would call Israel, the Palestinians and others in the region to a peace conference and urged Arabs to send Cabinet-level officials to a Fall meeting to be led by Sec. of State Condoleeza Rice.
    (SFC, 7/17/07, p.A7)(AP, 7/16/08)

2007        Jul 20, Israel released more than 250 Palestinian prisoners, aiming to bolster embattled President Mahmoud Abbas in his power struggle with the Islamic militants of Hamas.
    (AP, 7/20/07)

2007        Jul 22, Israeli troops operating in the northern Gaza Strip shot and killed two Hamas gunmen. An Israeli airstrike killed two Palestinian militants in the northern Gaza Strip after they fired rockets at a nearby Israeli town.
    (AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)

2007        Jul 23, Israeli police said 9 Israelis suspected of trafficking in organs and humans have been arrested and remain in custody. The case was opened when an Israeli woman filed a police complaint charging that she was not paid after her kidney was removed in Ukraine.
    (AP, 7/23/07)

2007        Jul 25, The foreign ministers of Egypt and Jordan, delegated by the 22-member Arab League, began a historic visit to Israel to formally present an Arab peace plan, saying they were extending "a hand of peace" on behalf of the region.
    (AP, 7/25/07)(Econ, 7/28/07, p.48)

2007        Jul 26, An Israeli airstrike targeting a car south of Gaza City killed 3 Islamic Jihad militants. Israeli forces also killed a Hamas militant during a military operation in the southern Gaza Strip. In the West Bank Israeli troops struck and seriously injured a Palestinian who tried to stab a soldier. The man's family said he later died of his wounds.
    (AP, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 27, The Israeli army suspended an officer and five soldiers involved in wounding a Palestinian man July 26 in the southern West Bank and put all of their unit's operational duties on hold.
    (AP, 7/27/07)

2007        Jul 28, Palestinian officials said Israel has agreed to allow at least 627 Palestinians who have been stranded in Egypt for weeks to pass into the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 7/28/07)

2007        Jul 30, An Israeli parliamentary committee voted unanimously to revoke the privileges of disgraced former president Moshe Katsav, who signed a plea bargain in June admitting he sexually harassed several female employees. An Israeli aircraft attacked a car carrying Palestinian militants, wounding two members of Islamic Jihad and the Gaza commander of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.
    (AP, 7/30/07)

2007        Aug 4, Two Palestinians were killed and six wounded in an Israeli air strike on two vehicles near the southern Gaza Strip's border with Egypt.
    (AP, 8/5/07)

2007        Aug 6, Ehud Olmert became the first Israeli PM to visit a Palestinian town since the outbreak of fighting seven years ago, meeting under heavy guard with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to talk about the creation of a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 8/6/07)

2007        Aug 7, Israeli police, using sledgehammers, chain saws and power clippers, stormed a building in the biblical city of Hebron and dragged out hundreds of Jewish settlers who had holed up there illegally.
    (AP, 8/7/07)

2007        Aug 8, Israeli soldiers shot and killed three Palestinian militants near Israel's border with the Gaza Strip in two separate incidents.
    (AP, 8/8/07)

2007        Aug 14, Benjamin Netanyahu won elections as leader of Israel's hardline Likud Party. Israeli troops and aircraft attacked Islamic militants in the southern Gaza Strip. Four fighters and two civilians died in the clashes and 26 people were wounded. Separately, two security officers for Gaza's Hamas rulers were reported killed in fierce fighting with the powerful Palestinian Doghmush clan.
    (AP, 8/14/07)(AP, 8/15/07)

2007        Aug 15, Japan's foreign minister launched plans for a joint Israeli-Palestinian industrial park in the West Bank that he said would promote peace in the region through prosperity.
    (AP, 8/15/07)

2007        Aug 16, The US offered Israel an unprecedented $30 billion military aid package.
    (AP, 8/16/07)

2007        Aug 19, The Israeli government and Holocaust survivors struck a deal on a special allowance for Israelis who lived through the Nazi genocide. It guaranteed Israelis who survived the Nazi ghettos and concentration camps a monthly stipend of $284.
    (AP, 8/19/07)
2007        Aug 19, Israel said it would expel refugees from Sudan's war torn Darfur region, touching off hot debate over whether the Jewish state, founded after the Nazi genocide, has a duty to take in people fleeing persecution.
    (AP, 8/19/07)
2007        Aug 19, Israel opened a crossing with the Gaza Strip to let in fuel shipments, but tens of thousands of homes remained without electricity because fuel for a major Gaza power company hadn't arrived. The EU cut off vital funding to a Gaza power plant, forcing it to shut down the last of its generators and darken tens of thousands of Palestinian homes. Palestinian Information Minister Riad Maliki said the EU ceased payment "because Hamas took over the electric company and started collecting the revenues and taking them to its pocket."
    (AP, 8/19/07)(AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Aug 21, The Israeli army said ground forces fired at gunmen who approached the Israel-Gaza border fence. The Islamic Jihad group said three militants on a mission against Israel were killed. Palestinians fired three rockets into Israel including one that hit an empty kindergarten in the town of Sderot near Gaza. Israeli troops targeted two figures spotted near a rocket launcher in an area of northern Gaza where a rocket had been fired into Israel earlier. The fire killed a 10-year-old and a 12-year-old who were members of the same extended family. The army said Palestinian rocket teams have been known to send young children to retrieve rocket launchers after firing.
    (AP, 8/21/07)

2007        Aug 22, Israeli aircraft killed one Hamas militant and wounded three others in an airstrike in Gaza City.
    (AP, 8/22/07)

2007        Aug 25, Two Palestinian militants infiltrated Israel from the Gaza Strip, attacking an Israeli military position before soldiers tracked them down and killed them. Militants detonated a bomb near the border fence in southern Gaza, lightly wounding four soldiers. Militants also fired several mortars into southern Israel, causing no injuries.
    (AP, 8/25/07)

2007        Aug 27, Israelís Haaretz newspaper reported that security officials fear Hamas' exiled leadership in Syria is working to renew suicide attacks against Israel in an effort to derail peace efforts by Israel and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Israeli intelligence assessed that Islamic Hamas militants have smuggled 40 tons of weapons into the Gaza Strip since the group wrested control of the territory in June.
    (AP, 8/27/07)

2007        Aug 28, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas tackled the major issues dividing the two sides at their meeting: final borders, Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees.
    (AP, 8/28/07)

2007        Aug 29, The three cousins, 10-year-old Mahmoud Ghazal, 10-year-old Sara Ghazal and 12-year-old Yehiya Ghazal, were killed when Israeli troops combating Palestinian rocket squads spotted figures moving near rocket launchers in northern Gaza and ordered a strike.
    (AP, 9/1/07)

2007        Aug 30, A cargo ship, anchored about 2 miles from Israel's coast near the port city of Haifa, when it was hit by the Salamis Glory, a Cypriot passenger ship. 11 crew escaped from the sinking cargo ship. The first mate and engineer, both residents of Slovakia, were missing.
    (AP, 8/31/07)

2007        Aug 31, Israeli divers found the bodies of two sailors missing in the Mediterranean Sea, 12 hours after their cargo ship sank in a collision with a passenger liner.
    (AP, 8/31/07)

2007        Sep 2, Israeli police recommended that former Finance Minister Avraham Hirchson be indicted on charges of stealing millions from a union he headed in 2003.
    (AP, 9/2/07)

2007        Sep 5, Interior Minister Meir Sheetrit said Israel will grant citizenship to some of the estimated 300 refugees from Sudan's violence-ridden Darfur region who have already arrived.
    (AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 6, Israeli troops backed by tanks and bulldozers crossed into southern Gaza to strike at Palestinian militants and 10 militants were killed. Palestinian militants said fighters in a pickup truck and jeep crashed through a fence on the Gaza-Israel border and attacked an Israeli army post. An Israeli airstrike hit in Syria where it was believed weapons, being sent from Iran to the militant Islamic group in Lebanon, were stored. It was later reported that the airstrike was aimed at a partly constructed nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 9/6/07)(AP, 9/12/07)(SSFC, 10/14/07, p.A19)
2007        Sep 6, Pope Benedict XVI met with Israeli President Shimon Peres, as the elder statesman and Nobel Peace Prize laureate continued his visit to Italy amid an international push for peace in the Middle East.
    (AP, 9/6/07)

2007        Sep 9, Israeli police said they have cracked a cell of young Israeli neo-Nazis accused in a string of attacks on foreign workers, religious Jews, drug addicts and gays. Eight immigrants from the former Soviet Union were arrested in recent days in connection with at least 15 attacks, and a ninth fled the country.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

2007        Sep 10, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas met in Jerusalem to discuss guidelines for resuming peace negotiations.
    (AP, 9/10/07)

2007        Sep 11, A Palestinian rocket exploded in an Israeli army base, wounding more than 40 soldiers as they slept in their tents and drawing calls for a major military operation against militants launching rockets from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, Syria complained to the UN about Israeli "aggression and violation of sovereignty" after what a US official said was Sep 6 airstrike deep in Syria.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(AP, 9/12/07)

2007        Sep 13, The Jewish New Year of 5768 began and marked a year of agricultural sabbatical, known in Hebrew as "shmita." The commandment requires Jewish farmers in Israel to let their fields rest every seventh year, just as Jews are required to rest every seventh day. Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a car in a Gaza refugee camp, injuring two members of the violent Islamic Jihad group.
    (AP, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 16, Israeli fire killed two Palestinians in separate incidents in the West Bank, including a militant.
    (AFP, 9/16/07)

2007        Sep 19, Israel's Security Cabinet declared the Gaza Strip an "enemy entity" in order to cut off power and fuel supplies to the coastal strip.
    (AP, 9/19/07)

2007        Sep 23, The Israeli Cabinet voted overwhelmingly to release 90 Palestinian prisoners in an effort to shore up the moderate Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, in his power struggle with Islamic Hamas militants.
    (AP, 9/23/07)

2007        Sep 25, Israel's largest bank said it was severing its last remaining ties with Palestinian banks in Gaza, following the Israeli government's declaration of the coastal strip as an "enemy entity."
    (AP, 9/25/07)

2007        Sep 26, An Israeli missile strike targeted a jeep carrying members of the Army of Islam. Five passengers were killed, the Army of Islam said. The Israeli military said the jeep was carrying rockets ready for use. In northern Gaza, Israeli tanks and bulldozers briefly entered the town of Beit Hanoun, following rocket fire from the area. At one point, a tank shell was fired toward a group of people between two houses, killing four and wounding 25.
    (AP, 9/27/07)

2007        Sep 27, Israeli forces killed two Gaza militants in a missile strike.
    (AP, 9/27/07)

2007        Oct 1, Dozens of freed Palestinian prisoners kissed the ground at this West Bank checkpoint after Israel released them in a gesture to President Mahmoud Abbas ahead of a US-sponsored Mideast peace conference. Israeli troops killed two Hamas militants in Gaza in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 2, Israel completed the release of 86 Palestinian prisoners and soldiers briefly opened fire as family members rushed toward the prisoners at the Erez crossing in the Gaza Strip. 2 people were wounded. A blast in Gaza killed four people, including three Fatah activists and a bystander. Hamas accused Fatah of having tried to attack the security compound, saying explosives in the car apparently blew up prematurely.
    (SFC, 10/3/07, p.A12)(AP, 10/3/07)(WSJ, 10/3/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 4, Egypt sent a high-level protest to dozens of European nations expressing "astonishment and regret" at their refusal to endorse Cairo's call for a Middle East nuclear free zone at a conference last month. At last month's IAEA session, 25 of the 27 EU nations abstained as did other countries hoping to join the union. In all, 47 nations abstained. Israeli objections forced a vote in which 53 countries, Muslim states and their supporters from the developing world, backed the proposal.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

2007        Oct 17,     Israeli troops killed a Hamas gunman in a battle in southern Gaza.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

2007        Oct 18,     Israeli PM Ehud Olmert flew to Moscow in a surprise visit to discuss Iran's nuclear program with President Vladimir Putin, who just returned from talks with Iranian leaders in Tehran. Olmert pressed Russian President Vladimir Putin to support new sanctions against Iran over its nuclear activities and urged Russia not to sell arms to Iran or Syria.
    (AP, 10/18/07)

2007        Oct 19, A parliamentarian said that 61 of 120 Israeli lawmakers have signed a petition against any attempt by PM Ehud Olmert to transfer parts of Jerusalem to the Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Oct 22,     About 1,000 Palestinian prisoners rioted at an Israeli desert prison, attacking guards, torching the tents where they are housed and leaving 30 people injured.
    (AP, 10/22/07)
2007        Oct 22,     About 40 tons of oil spilled from a land pipeline carrying crude from the port of Ashkelon in southern Israel to refineries in the northern city of Haifa.
    (AP, 10/23/07)

2007        Oct 23, Israel killed a top Gaza militant with a missile strike on his car prompting threats of more rocket attacks on Israeli border towns. A Palestinian prisoner who was wounded in rioting at an Israeli desert prison died, prompting Palestinian threats of revenge and accusations that the man was abused by Israeli authorities.
    (AP, 10/23/07)(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 24, Officials said Israeli military experts have formulated a plan to gradually cut off power to the Gaza Strip in response to ongoing rocket fire from the Palestinian area.
    (AP, 10/24/07)

2007        Oct 26, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas began talks in Jerusalem as part of efforts to work out a joint statement ahead of a US-sponsored Mideast peace conference this fall.
    (AP, 10/26/07)

2007        Oct 28, Israel began cutting vital fuel shipments to the Gaza Strip, following through on a promise to step up pressure on the area's Hamas rulers in response to months of Palestinian rocket attacks.
    (AP, 10/28/07)

2007        Oct 29, Israelís PM Ehud Olmert announced that he has prostate cancer and would soon have surgery, but said the disease is not life-threatening and he would continue to perform his duties.
    (AP, 10/29/07)
2007        Oct 29, In a special Internet announcement in Arabic, picked up DEBKAfileís counter-terror sources, Osama bin Ladenís followers announced the launching of Electronic Jihad. On Sunday, Nov. 11, al Qaedaís electronic experts will start attacking Western, Jewish, Israeli, Muslim apostate and Shiite Web sites.

2007        Oct 30,     Israeli aircraft hit a Hamas-run police station in the southern Gaza city of Khan Younis, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

2007        Nov 1, The Israelí military announced that its forces operating in the Gaza Strip this week had uncovered and destroyed seven tunnels used by Palestinian militants to smuggle arms and people.
    (AP, 11/2/07)

2007        Nov 4, Israeli aircraft fired at a rocket-launching site in the northern Gaza Strip, killing three civilians sleeping in a nearby storage container.
    (AP, 11/4/07)

2007        Nov 7, The watchdog group Peace Now said Israel is enlarging 88 of its 122 West Bank settlements despite an agreement to halt the spread of Jewish communities in Palestinian territory.
    (SFC, 11/8/07, p.A11)
2007        Nov 7, Interpol put Ali Fallahian, Iranís former intelligence chief, Mohsen Rezai, a former leader of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, Ahmad Vahidi, a Revolutionary Guards general, and 2 other Iranians and Imad Mugniyah, a Lebanese militant on its most-wanted list for a 1994 bombing that killed 85 people at a Jewish center in Argentina.
    (AP, 11/8/07)(WSJ, 1/15/08, p.A6)

2007        Nov 11, Israeli police raided more than 20 government buildings and private offices, searching for evidence in a series of criminal investigations of Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
    (AP, 11/11/07)

2007        Nov 13, Shimon Peres became the 1st Israeli president to address the parliament of a Muslim government when he spoke to Turkish deputies.
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.60)

2007        Nov 19, The Israeli Cabinet approved the release of 441 Palestinian prisoners in a gesture to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, but stopped short of US demands to halt West Bank settlement construction before a crucial Mideast conference.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, International Mideast envoy Tony Blair announced four economic projects designed to create thousands of jobs for Palestinians and bolster peace efforts with Israel.
    (AP, 11/20/07)

2007        Nov 20, Israelís PM Olmert met with Egyptís Pres. Mubarek and said a peace deal with the Palestinians can be signed within a year.
    (WSJ, 11/21/07, p.A1)
2007        Nov 20, Israel signed an agreement with Liberia to extract diamonds from the African nation, seven months after sanctions barring Liberia from exporting the gems were lifted.
    (AFP, 11/20/07)

2007        Nov 23, Saudi Arabia and other Arab nations grudgingly agreed to attend an upcoming US-sponsored Mideast peace conference, despite failing to get any guarantee of Israeli concessions.
    (AP, 11/23/08)

2007        Nov 25, An army spokesman and Palestinian medics said Israeli troops killed two armed Palestinians in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip overnight.
    (AFP, 11/25/07)

2007        Nov 26, An Israeli aircraft pounded a squad of militants and Israeli border guards shot two Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/26/07)

2007        Nov 27, Pres. Bush declared that the time is right to relaunch Mideast peace talks to create a Palestinian state because "a battle is under way for the future" of the troubled region, in remarks prepared for the start of the US-arranged Annapolis Mideast peace conference. Delegations from 46 countries and intíl. organizations attended the conference. Israeli PM Olmert and Palestineís Pres. Abbas agreed to launch formal talks on Dec 12 and committed to negotiating a peace treaty by the end of 2008.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(SFC, 11/27/07, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.A4)

2007        Nov 28, A day after an international Mideast peace conference in Annapolis, Md., President Bush told the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian territories he was personally committed to their mission of peace.
    (AP, 11/28/08)

2007        Dec 1, An Israeli airstrike killed five Hamas members, prompting threats by Gaza militants to fire longer-range rockets at Israeli border towns.
    (AP, 12/1/07)

2007        Dec 3, Israel released 429 Palestinian prisoners in a gesture meant to strengthen moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 12/3/07)

2007        Dec 4, Israel said it is seeking bids to build more than 300 new homes in a disputed east Jerusalem neighborhood, drawing Palestinian condemnations that the move is undermining the newly revived peace talks.
    (AP, 12/4/07)
2007        Dec 4, Iran's foreign minister welcomed the US decision to "correct" its claim that Tehran has an active nuclear weapons program, while Israel's defense minister said Israeli intelligence believes Iran is still trying to develop an atomic weapon.
    (AP, 12/4/07)

2007        Dec 5, Two Palestinian militants were killed by Israeli tank fire in northern Gaza. Lt. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi said Israel's army has completed plans for a large offensive in the Gaza Strip and is only waiting for government approval for the action.
    (AP, 12/5/07)

2007        Dec 11, Israeli tanks and bulldozers backed by attack aircraft moved into the southern Gaza Strip, killing four militants in the widest operation in the territory since Islamic Hamas forces wrested control in June.
    (AP, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 12, The renewal of peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians got off to a rocky start, with the Palestinians criticizing Israel for a construction project planned in disputed east Jerusalem, and Israel complaining about continued rocket fire from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/12/07)

2007        Dec 13, Israeli high school teachers ended a two-month strike after receiving a pay raise and government promises to redress some of the problems in the Israeli school system, including class size.
    (AP, 12/13/07)

2007        Dec 17, Defense officials said Israel will allow the Palestinians to set up a new cell phone network, part of warming relations between the sides. The world rallied to the support of the embattled Palestinian government, and the co-chairman of a donors' conference said he was confident they could meet a $5.6 billion target in aid.
    (AP, 12/17/07)

2007        Dec 18, Israeli aircraft launched an assault on the radical Islamic Jihad organization in Gaza, killing the group's overall commander and nine other militants in three fiery strikes. A fourth attack on a security post in southern Gaza killed two Hamas militants.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 19, A Hamas official confirmed that Gaza's embattled Hamas leaders are seeking a cease-fire after months of Israeli attacks and sanctions, going so far as to make an unprecedented appeal through the Israeli media.
    (AP, 12/19/07)

2007        Dec 20, Israeli troops killed at least 6 Gaza militants, a day after rejecting an unofficial truce offer from the besieged Hamas rulers of the coastal territory.
    (AP, 12/20/07)(SFC, 12/21/07, p.A18)(WSJ, 12/21/07, p.A1)

2007        Dec 21, Israeli Infrastructure Minister Binyamin Ben-Eliezer said that PM Ehud Olmert may consider talks with Hamas on a long-term cease-fire. A Hamas militant was killed in a clash with Israeli troops near the Israel-Gaza border.
    (AP, 12/21/07)

2007        Dec 23, A Cabinet minister said Israel has plans to build an additional 740 apartments in disputed east Jerusalem and the West Bank in 2008, enraging Palestinians who say such construction undermines nascent peace talks.
    (AP, 12/23/07)

2007        Dec 26, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak visited Egypt to discuss Israeli allegations that Egypt was doing too little to prevent arms smuggling to the Islamist movement Hamas in the Gaza Strip. Egypt rejected Israeli complaints about weapons smuggling into Gaza.
    (Reuters, 12/26/07)

2007        Dec 27, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas held their first summit since they agreed last month to renew peace talks, seeking to resolve a dispute over planned Israeli construction in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 12/27/07)

2007        Dec 28, Unknown assailants fatally shot two Israeli settlers hiking in the West Bank. The attack followed an Israeli operation overnight in which troops killed a bodyguard for the Palestinians' chief negotiator.
    (AP, 12/28/07)

2007        Dec 31, The number of people killed in Israeli-Palestinian violence dropped dramatically this year. A report from an Israeli human rights group said Israeli forces killed 373 Palestinians during 2007, a 45 percent drop from the previous year. Palestinians killed 13 Israelis in the same period.
    (SFC, 12/31/07, p.A3)

2007        Israel built some 2,600 new housing units this year, most of them inside its security fence on Palestinian land.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.58)

2008        Jan 2, Israeli forces killed seven Palestinian militants in a clash before dawn, pressing its war against armed groups in the Gaza Strip days before President Bush arrives to promote Israeli-Palestinian peace.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, Egypt allowed more than 2,000 Palestinian pilgrims to enter the Gaza Strip, drawing a fierce rebuke from Israel, which had tried to prevent top members of the militant Hamas from returning home.
    (AP, 1/2/08)

2008        Jan 3, Israeli tanks and warplanes attacked a series of targets throughout the Gaza Strip. 9 people were killed including 3 civilians with over 30 Palestinians wounded. The attack had intensified following a Katyusha rocket strike 10Ĺ miles into Israel. The Israeli military uncovered an arms cache in Nablus that contained explosives, military equipment and material for manufacturing rockets. 
    (AP, 1/3/08)(SFC, 1/4/08, p.A16)(SSFC, 1/6/08, p.A18)
2008        Jan 3, Israeli authorities ordered fowl destroyed in an area of northern Israel after chickens kept at a kindergarten were diagnosed with a deadly strain of bird flu.
    (AP, 1/3/08)

2008        Jan 4, Israeli troops on a night mission in the Gaza Strip killed two Hamas gunmen in the early hours as Israel responded to Palestinian rocket fire with strikes against militants that left 11 dead in 24 hours.
    (AP, 1/4/08)

2008        Jan 5, The Israeli army wound up a large 3-day operation in Nablus saying they had discovered another explosives laboratory there.
    (SSFC, 1/6/08, p.A18)

2007        Akiva Eldar and Idith Zertal authored ďLords of the Land: The War for Israelís Settlements in the Occupied Territories 1967-2007."
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.97)

2008        Jan 6, The head of Gaza's energy authority said Palestinians in Gaza will be forced to live without electricity eight hours a day, beginning today, because Israel has sharply reduced fuel supplies to the territory's only electric plant.
    (AP, 1/6/08)

2008        Jan 9, The Israeli military fired at Palestinian militants in Gaza, killing three people, after a rocket hit a house in a battered Israeli border town just as President Bush, with an entourage of some 800 people, began his Mideast peace mission. Bush, seeking to pull Israel and the Palestinians toward serious negotiations, said that despite ongoing land squabbles and fears of violence he has high hopes that a Mideast peace pact can be achieved before he leaves office at the end of the year.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.39)

2008        Jan 9, The Israeli military fired at Palestinian militants in Gaza, killing three people, after a rocket hit a house in a battered Israeli border town just as President Bush began his Mideast peace mission. Bush, seeking to pull Israel and the Palestinians toward serious negotiations, said that despite ongoing land squabbles and fears of violence he has high hopes that a Mideast peace pact can be achieved before he leaves office at the end of the year.
    (AP, 1/9/08)

2008        Jan 10, In the West Bank President Bush predicted that a Mideast peace treaty would be completed by the time he leaves office. Bush named Lt. Gen. William Fraser III of the US Air Force to oversee compliance with a US-backed peace plan.
    (AP, 1/10/08)

2008        Jan 11, President Bush had tears in his eyes during an hour-long tour of Israel's Holocaust memorial and told Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that the US should have bombed Auschwitz to halt the killing. Bush wrapped up his 3-day visit to Israel and departed for Kuwait, where he sought Arab support for the US-backed Mideast peace deal.
    (AP, 1/11/08)

2008        Jan 14, PM Ehud Olmert told a powerful parliamentary panel that Israel rejects "no options" to block Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 1/14/08)

2008        Jan 15, Israeli tanks and helicopters raided Gaza, killing the son of the territory's most powerful leader and 16 other Palestinians in the bloodiest day of fighting since Hamas seized the coastal strip in June.
    (AP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 16, In Israel a hawkish faction in PM Ehud Olmert's coalition pulled out of the government, weakening him at a time when he needs broad support to reach a peace deal with the Palestinians by the end of the year. Israeli forces evacuated two makeshift settlement outposts in the West Bank. Israeli aircraft targeting Palestinian rocket squads hit a wrong vehicle killing a boy (12), along with his father and uncle.
    (AP, 1/16/08)(SFC, 1/17/08, p.A10)
2008        Jan 16, Pres. Bush visited Egypt. Stalled reforms and bitterness over the jailing of hundreds of dissidents haunted his visit. Bush promised to stay engaged in pulling Israelis and Palestinians toward a peace pact by the end of his term.
    (AP, 1/16/08)

2008        Jan 17, An Israeli court sentenced a major in Israel's army reserves to five years in prison for offering secret information to Iran and the Islamic militant group Hamas. David Shamir (45), a psychiatrist, was convicted of contact with a foreign agent and possession of information with the intent of endangering state security. He never managed to deliver any secret information.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, Militants in Hamas-ruled Gaza bombarded southern Israel with rockets and Israel pounded back with air and ground fire pushing peace efforts to the sidelines. Israeli rockets killed at least 5 Palestinians including 2 militants and 3 civilians.
    (AP, 1/17/08)(SFC, 1/18/08, p.A10)

2008        Jan 18, Defense officials said Israel has closed all border crossings into Gaza, cutting off food and humanitarian supplies to the coastal strip in a bid to pressure its Hamas rulers to stop a barrage of rocket attacks on Israeli towns.
    (AP, 1/18/08)

2008        Jan 19, Israeli air strikes killed two Hamas militants in Gaza, a day after Israel sealed the territory and bombed an empty Hamas government ministry in an intensifying campaign to halt rocket fire on Israeli border towns.
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's reclusive leader, claimed the militant group had the remains of Israeli soldiers killed in Lebanon during the 2006 war, saying the dead were left behind "in our villages and fields."
    (AP, 1/19/08)

2008        Jan 20, Gaza's power plant shut down late in the day after an Israeli border closure blocked the entry of fuel that powers it. This plunged Gaza City into darkness, and gas stations and many bakeries stopped operating. Health officials warned that hospital generators were running out of fuel. 5 rockets were fired into Israel, down from 53 in the two previous days.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 21, Israel launched an advanced spy satellite that will be able to track events in Iran, the country it considers its top foe, even at night and in cloudy weather. India successfully launched the Israeli spy satellite into orbit.
    (AP, 1/21/08)(AFP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 22, Israel eased a 5-day blockade of Gaza for a day, allowing in shipments of fuel and medicine. But tensions erupted over Egypt's closure of its Gaza border, with Palestinian protesters breaking through the crossing and clashing with Egyptian guards.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A1)

2008        Jan 24, A top Israeli defense official said that Israel wants to relinquish all responsibility for the Gaza Strip, including the supply of electricity and water, now that the territory's southern border with Egypt has been opened.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Two Palestinians infiltrated a religious seminary and attacked students in a West Bank settlement before being shot dead. Palestinian gunmen killed an Israeli police officer near Jerusalem.
    (AP, 1/24/08)

2008        Jan 30, The final Winograd Commission report was announced in Binyanei HaUma in Jerusalem. It had been commissioned to inquire into Israelís 2006 war in Lebanon.
    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.56)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winograd_Commission)

2008        Feb 1, In Mauritania at least one gunman opened fire on the Israeli Embassy, setting off a battle with guards that wounded one person. 8 people were soon detained, but all were released for lack of evidence.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(AP, 2/19/08)

2008        Feb 3, Israeli forces opened fire across the Lebanese border, killing one person and wounding another. The Israeli military said it was responding to fire apparently from drug smugglers on the Lebanese side.
    (AP, 2/4/08)

2008        Feb 4, In Israel a suicide bomber blew himself up in Dimona, the southern town that houses Israel's secretive nuclear reactor. An Israeli woman (73) was killed and 7 other people wounded. Police killed a 2nd attacker before he had a chance to detonate his explosives belt. An Israeli response killed 9 armed Hamas men. 
    (AP, 2/4/08)(Econ, 2/9/08, p.54)

2008        Feb 5, An Israeli airstrike in response to Qassam rockets killed 7 Hamas police officers near Khan Yunis. A barrage of rockets followed and battered Sderot less than a half mile from the Gaza fence, seriously wounding a woman just before the arrival of President Shimon Peres.
    (AP, 2/5/08)(SFC, 2/6/08, p.A7)(SFC, 2/7/08, p.A4)

2008        Feb 6, Israel launched airstrikes against militants firing rockets from the Gaza Strip on and vowed to maintain a war "on all fronts" until the territory's Hamas rulers halt attacks. Hamas rockets wounded two young sisters at Kibbutz Beeri.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(SFC, 2/7/08, p.A4)

2008        Feb 7, Israeli ground forces backed by warplanes exchanged fire with Hamas gunmen in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a teacher and six militants in escalating violence that is hobbling peace efforts. Israeli troops entered the town of Qabatiya before dawn to arrest an Islamic Jihad militant. Soldiers shot a mentally disabled man, Taysir Nazal (56), as he emerged from his home, in his legs. Nazal died from his wounds on Feb 14.
    (AP, 2/7/08)(AP, 2/14/08)

2008        Feb 8, Palestinian militants launched nearly 20 rockets at Israel hours after Israel began cutting electricity to the Gaza Strip in an attempt to halt the barrages.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 9, An 8-year-old boy lost his leg in a rocket attack on Sderot, one of the 11 rockets fired at southern Israel. Four Israeli airstrikes after the attack killed a Gaza gunman and targeted weapons-making operations of the Islamic militant Hamas group.
    (AP, 2/10/08)

2008        Feb 12, Israel said it plans to build 1,000 homes in East Jerusalem, angering Palestinians who said the move undermines efforts for a peace deal.
    (WSJ, 2/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 12, In Syria Imad Mughniyeh (45), the suspected mastermind of dramatic attacks on the US Embassy and US Marine barracks that killed hundreds of Americans in Lebanon in the 1980s, died in a car bombing. Hezbollah and its Iranian backers blamed Israel for the killing. Israel denied involvement and said it was looking into the death. Mughniyeh, a Lebanese Shia,  was recruited by Ali Hassan Salameh (d.1979), the chief of operations officer of Black September. In 2015 the Washington Post reported that the CIA and Israel's spy agency Mossad were behind the plot.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.88)(AFP, 1/31/15)

2008        Feb 14, The chief of Hezbollah vowed to retaliate against Israeli targets anywhere in the world after accusing the Jewish state of killing the militant Imad Mughniyeh in Syria.
    (AP, 2/14/08)

2008        Feb 17, Israeli troops backed by aircraft and tanks clashed with Palestinian militants firing mortars and machine guns near Gaza's former international airport, killing three gunmen and a civilian. Later a Palestinian rocket struck a house in the southern Israeli town of Sderot, shortly after the UN's humanitarian chief condemned the rocket fire and urged Gaza's Hamas rulers to end the attacks.
    (AP, 2/17/08)

2008        Feb 23, An Israeli army missile strike killed 3 Palestinians in the northern Gaza Strip. Militants from Gaza had fired 4 mortar shells at Israel earlier in the day.
    (SSFC, 2/24/08, p.A8)

2008        Feb 26, Israel's highest court upheld a much-criticized plea bargain that allowed former President Moshe Katsav to avoid rape charges and a possible prison term. Israeli troops seized the facilities of a Hamas-affiliated charity in the West Bank city of Hebron, saying it funneled money to the Islamic group's militant activities and recruited members to its ranks.
    (AP, 2/26/08)

2008        Feb 27, A Palestinian rocket struck a college campus in southern Israel, killing one person and injuring a second. The Hamas militant group said it had fired more than 20 rockets into southern Israel, including eight at Sderot, the town near Gaza where the deadly strike took place. The rocket barrage came hours after an Israeli airstrike killed five Hamas militants earlier in the day. Late in the day Israeli aircraft attacked the empty office of Gaza's Hamas prime minister and the nearby Interior Ministry building. Palestinians said the blasts killed a baby and wounded two dozen people in the surrounding area.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, Japan and Israel shared their concerns about Iranian nuclear programs and agreed to cooperate to prevent Tehran from going nuclear.
    (AP, 2/27/08)

2008        Feb 28, Israeli aircraft struck a series of targets throughout the Gaza Strip, killing 15 Palestinians, including 5 boys. Palestinian rocket fire continued throughout the day, lightly wounding two people. Hamza al-Haya, the son of hardline Hamas lawmaker Khalil al-Haya, was among those killed. Hamas said he had commanded a rocket-launching squad in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 2/28/08)(SFC, 2/29/08, p.A10)

2008        Mar 1, Palestinians called off peace talks with Israel after 33 Gazans, at least half of them civilians, were killed in violence that escalated sharply during the day. The death toll climbed as Israeli troops, backed by tanks and aircraft, went after Palestinian militants who fired 40 rockets and mortars at southern Israeli communities near Gaza. A total of 54 Palestinians, roughly half of them civilians, were killed in fighting, the highest single-day death toll in more than seven years of violence. Two Israeli soldiers also were killed.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/2/08)

2008        Mar 2, Israeli aircraft sent missiles slamming into the office of the prime minister of Hamas-ruled Gaza before dawn, pressing forward with an offensive that has killed nearly 70 Palestinians in two days of fighting. A 21-month-old girl was among the dead in new violence. The Israeli onslaught failed to stop rockets from battering southern Israel. 9 were fired at southern Israel by midday, including one that struck a house in Sderot.
    (AP, 3/2/08)

2008        Mar 3, Israeli ground troops pulled out of northern Gaza before daybreak, following the first extended sweep in an offensive against Palestinian rocket squads that has left more than 100 dead and led the Palestinian president to call off peace talks.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 4, Israel said it would return to Hamas-ruled Gaza if necessary as it mounted new airstrikes on the Palestinian territory after militants fired more rockets at a nearby Israeli town. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas declared that peace is his first choice in the Mideast and visiting Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice exhorted Israel to "spare innocent life" in the latest upsurge in fighting in Hamas-ruled Gaza. Palestinians fired three rockets at Israel. About 25 Israeli armored vehicles rumbled into southern Gaza and clashed with militants after nightfall. A 1-month-old baby was killed in the crossfire. A local Islamic Jihad leader was killed and 8 militants and 3 civilians were wounded.
    (AP, 3/4/08)(AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 4, Israel has said Hezbollah is rearming and has an arsenal that includes 10,000 long-range rockets and 20,000 short-range rockets in southern Lebanon, according to a report from Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 5, Visiting Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice persuaded Palestinians to return to peace talks. President Mahmoud Abbas said he will resume peace talks with Israel, backing off a threat to boycott negotiations until Israel reaches a truce with Hamas militants in Gaza.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 6, Palestinian militants ambushed an Israeli army jeep on the border with Gaza, killing one soldier and wounding three. Deputies of Egypt's intelligence chief Omar Suleiman met with officials from the Islamic militant Hamas and the smaller Islamic Jihad in the Egyptian Sinai city of el-Arish to persuade Hamas to accept a truce that would halt rocket attacks.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, A gunman infiltrated a Jewish seminary in Jerusalem and opened fire in a library, killing 8 students and wounding dozens before an Israeli army officer nearby shot the gunman dead. In Gaza, the Islamic militant Hamas praised the attack.
    (AP, 3/6/08)(AP, 3/7/08)

2008        Mar 9, An Israeli Construction Ministry official said PM Ehud Olmert has approved new construction in a West Bank settlement outside Jerusalem. An Israeli soldier wounded by Gaza militants in a border ambush on Mar 6 died of his wounds. The news immediately drew Palestinian condemnation.
    (AP, 3/9/08)

2008        Mar 10, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert has instructed the army to halt airstrikes and raids into the Gaza Strip in response to a recent drop in rocket fire from the territory.
    (AP, 3/10/08)

2008        Mar 11, Palestinian militants in Gaza launched a rocket at the Israeli city of Ashkelon, causing no injuries but threatening to upset a recent period of calm.
    (AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 12, Gaza's Hamas prime minister publicly set his conditions for a cease-fire with Israel to end the fighting that has killed dozens in recent weeks. Ismail Haniyeh demanded an end to Israeli military activity in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, a lifting of Israeli economic sanctions and the opening of Gaza's borders. Hours later Israeli forces killed 4 Palestinian militants in the West Bank. Israeli troops riding in a taxi van pulled up behind the militants' parked Daihatsu and began shooting immediately.
    (AP, 3/12/08)(WSJ, 3/13/08, p.A1)(AP, 4/1/08)

2008        Mar 13, The militant Islamic Jihad group in Gaza fired more than a dozen rockets at southern Israel after Israeli undercover forces killed one of its West Bank leaders, shattering a recent lull in Gaza fighting.
    (AP, 3/13/08)

2008        Mar 14, The Bush administration's Mideast envoy pushed Israel and the Palestinians to speed up peace negotiations at the first meeting the US has attended since talks resumed nearly four months ago.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

2008        Mar 16, German Chancellor Angela Merkel acknowledged her country's "historical responsibility" to Israel as she opened a three-day visit marking the 60th anniversary of the Jewish state.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 18, In Israel Angela Merkel, chancellor of Germany, addressed Israelís parliament and condemned the rocket attacks from Gaza.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.59)

2008        Mar 20, Israeli defense officials announced they've worked out a tentative deal for Egypt to become the main electricity supplier to the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/20/08)

2008        Mar 24, Al-Qaida deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahri called on Muslims in a new audiotape to strike Jewish and American targets in revenge for Israel's recent offensive in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/24/08)

2008        Mar 26, The Israeli military captured Omar Jabar, the mastermind of the March 2002 bombing in Netanya, the deadliest suicide bombing of the Palestinian uprising.
    (AP, 3/26/08)

2008        Mar 28, Palestinian medics say a Palestinian man was killed by Israeli army fire as he approached Gaza's border fence with Israel. The Israeli military said the man was armed and hurled a grenade at forces close to the fence.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Mar 30, Israel pledged to remove 50 West Bank roadblocks as part of a package to improve everyday life for Palestinians after US Sec. of State Rice met with Israel's defense minister, Ehud Barak, and Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad.
    (AP, 3/30/08)

2008        Mar 31, Jerusalem's city hall has announced a plan to construct 600 new apartments in the Pisgat Zeev neighborhood of east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 3/31/08)

2008        Apr 6, American evangelist John Hagee announced donations of $6 million to Israeli causes and said that Israel must remain in control of all of Jerusalem.
    (AP, 4/6/08)

2008        Apr 7, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas resumed face-to-face negotiations, trying to push forward peace efforts after nearly two months marred by heavy Gaza Strip violence and new Israeli plans to expand settlements.
    (AP, 4/7/08)

2008        Apr 8, In Palestineís Hamas threatened to burst across the Israeli border to end Israel's blockade of Gaza if Egypt and Israel do not lift their blockade.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 9, Palestinian militants crossed into southern Israel and killed two Israeli civilians in a surprise attack before fleeing back to the Gaza Strip. At least one of the militants who attacked the Israeli terminal delivering fuel to the Gaza Strip was killed. Israel sent tanks, troops and aircraft into the Palestinian territory after the raid, killing at least 8 Palestinians, including 3 civilians, and warned that more reprisals could be coming.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(AP, 4/10/08)

2008        Apr 10, Israel cut off all fuel supplies to Gaza's 1.4 million residents, one day after militants killed 2 civilians at a fuel terminal.
    (AP, 4/10/08)

2008        Apr 11, Israeli forces launched air strikes and a ground raid in the Gaza Strip, trading fire with gunmen in clashes that killed 8 Palestinians including a 12-year-old boy.
    (AP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 12, Investigators in Turkey found the body of Giuseppina Pasqualino di Marineo (33), an Italian artist known as Pippa Bacca. She was last seen on March 31 hitchhiking in a wedding gown. She was on her way to Israel in a plea for peace. Police detained a man suspected of killing her. In June, 2009, Murat Karatas was sentenced to life in prison for her rape and murder.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A4)

2008        Apr 14, An Israeli airstrike hit a vehicle in northern Gaza, fatally wounding Ibrahim Abu Olba (42), a senior Palestinian militant. Former President Jimmy Carter deplored Palestinian militant attacks on Israel as a "despicable crime" as he toured Sderot, a rocket-battered town.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)

2008        Apr 15, Israel said it will resume some crucial fuel shipments to the Gaza Strip. Defense officials confirmed that Israel will let Jewish settlers build new houses in existing West Bank settlements if they remove unauthorized settlement outposts. An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a motorcycle in northern Gaza, killing Mohammed Ghausain, an Islamic Jihad commander.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, J Street, an American pro-Israel and pro peace lobby was established under director Jeremy Ben Ami. It argued for a 2-state solution based on Israelís pre-1967 borders. It is the first and only federal Political Action Committee (PAC) established to explicitly promote meaningful American leadership to end the Israeli-Palestinian and Israeli-Arab conflicts peacefully and diplomatically.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.40)(www.jstreet.org/files/images/JStreet_MediaAdvisory_041507.pdf)

2008        Apr 16, Palestinian militants ambushed an Israeli ground force in the northern Gaza Strip, killing three soldiers during a day of fierce fighting. Five Palestinians were killed in separate clashes.
    (AP, 4/16/08)

2008        Apr 16, Palestinian militants ambushed an Israeli ground force in northern Gaza, killing three soldiers. The army responded with an airstrike and identified hitting militants in the Bureij area. Fadel Shana (23) a cameraman with the Reuters news agency, was struck, along with two bystanders, as he filmed Israeli tank movements in the distance during the bloodiest day in Gaza in more than a month. He had been in the area to film the aftermath of a deadly Israeli airstrike that killed 12 Palestinians, including five children aged 12-15. Israeli airstrikes left at least 19 Palestinians dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/17/08, p.A9)

2008        Apr 17, In Egypt former President Carter met with a Hamas delegation from Gaza, part of a series of talks with the Islamic militant group that has drawn sharp criticism from US and Israeli officials. Carter said he urged Hamas leaders from the Gaza Strip to stop militants from firing rockets into southern Israel.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(AP, 4/18/08)

2008        Apr 18,     The Israeli government revealed plans to build 100 homes in two Jewish settlements, one of them deep in the West Bank, in violation of its pledge to freeze settlement expansion. The Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades said Hani Al-Kabi, a leader of the group in the Balata refugee camp, was killed by Israeli troops during a raid in Nablus.
    (AP, 4/18/08)

2008        Apr 19,     Hamas militants drove two cars laden with explosives to an Israeli border crossing with Gaza under the cover of morning fog and detonated one. 4 militants were killed in the huge blasts and exchanges of fire with at least 13 Israeli soldiers wounded. Israel killed 5 Hamas militants in a series of airstrikes after the group detonated the explosives.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)(AP, 4/20/08)

2008        Apr 20,     Israeli airstrikes killed 2 more Hamas militants one day after the group detonated two jeeps packed with hundreds of kilograms of explosives on the Gaza border.
    (AP, 4/20/08)

2008        Apr 21, Israeli military forces killed three Palestinian militants who were trying to infiltrate into Israel from Gaza. Former President Carter said that Hamas, the Islamic militant group that has called for the destruction of Israel, is prepared to accept the right of the Jewish state to "live as a neighbor next door in peace." Hamas said it would accept a Palestinian state with pre-1967 borders.
    (AP, 4/21/08)(WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 22,     Senior representatives said Hamas has softened its position and is willing to accept a cease-fire in just the Gaza Strip, dropping a demand that the truce immediately include the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/22/08)

2008        Apr 23, A threatened shutdown of the Gaza Strip's only power plant was averted after Israel agreed to pump in about 260,000 gallons of diesel fuel, enough to run the plant for at least 3 days. An Israeli airstrike killed a Palestinian civilian near the town of Beit Hanoun.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(AP, 4/24/08)

2008        Apr 24, An Israeli airstrike in Gaza wounded three militants and tanks were moving toward the area. Hamas proposed a six-month cease-fire with Israel, saying it will stop firing rockets out of Gaza if the Jewish state simultaneously lifts its blockade of the coastal strip.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AFP, 4/24/08)

2008        Apr 25, A Palestinian militant shot and killed two Israeli security guards at a factory along the divide between Israel and the West Bank. The attacker was lightly wounded in an exchange of gunfire but managed to escape.
    (AP, 4/25/08)

2008        Apr 26, Israeli forces entered a northern Gaza town and seized a local Hamas leader from his home amid heavy fighting with Palestinian gunmen. The wanted man's 14-year-old daughter was killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 26, Turkey's PM Erdogan was in Syria in a bid to restart peace negotiations between Damascus and its Mideast foe, Israel.
    (AP, 4/26/08)

2008        Apr 28, An Israeli tank shell slammed into a tiny Gaza Strip home during a skirmish with gunmen, killing a Palestinian woman and four of her children as they prepared to sit down for breakfast. A militant and an unidentified man were also killed in fighting in Beit Hanoun, a northern border town frequently used by militants to fire rockets and mortars at southern Israel.
    (AP, 4/28/08)

2008        Apr 30, In Egypt state news agency MENA said Palestinian factions meeting in Cairo for talks with Egyptian security officials have agreed to an Egyptian proposal for a truce with Israel starting in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 4/30/08)

2008        May 6, Egyptian border police fatally shot a Nigerian man who was trying to cross illegally into Israel. Guards also shot three Sudanese men and one woman who were also trying to sneak into Israel.
    (AP, 5/6/08)

2008        May 9, Mortar shells fired by militant Hamas killed an Israeli man in an Israeli communal farm near Gaza. Israel fired missiles at two Hamas police station in retaliation and killed five Hamas members.
    (AP, 5/10/08)

2008        May 10, Hamas fired rockets at southern Israel, hitting a house and a Jewish seminary just hours after five Hamas policemen were killed in Israeli air strikes.
    (AP, 5/10/08)

2008        May 11, A member of the militant group Hamas was killed in an explosion along Gaza's fence with Israel.
    (AP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 12, Israelís police raided Jerusalemís city hall and seized documents as part of the corruption probe of PM Ehud Olmert. A rocket fired by Palestinian militants killed a 75-year-old Israeli woman, just as an Egyptian mediator was winding up truce talks in Israel.
    (AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 5/13/08)

2008        May 14, In Israel President Bush said that 60 years of Israel's existence is cause for optimism for democratic change throughout the Middle East, opening a trip divided between ceremonial duties and a new push for Israeli-Palestinian peace. A rocket fired from Gaza exploded in a shopping center in Ashkelon, southern Israeli, wounding at least 14 people.
    (AP, 5/14/08)

2008        May 16, Osama bin Laden said in a new audio recording that al-Qaida will continue its holy war against Israel and its allies until it liberates Palestine.
    (AP, 5/16/08)

2008        May 18, Osama bin Laden released a new message denouncing Arab leaders for sacrificing the Palestinians and saying the head of the Shiite militant group Hezbollah did not really have the strength to take on Israel.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 19, Al Gore received a $1 million prize on Monday for his environmental work from an Israeli fund. The Dan David Foundation awarded the former vice president its annual "present" prize for alerting the world to the crisis from the overuse of fossil fuels.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 20, Israeli aircraft launched at least three strikes on Palestinians, killing a boy (13), a Hamas fighter and an unidentified man. The first raid aircraft fired on the northeastern Gaza Strip at a group of Palestinians launching rockets. The 2nd aircraft fired at Palestinians who were planting explosives along the fence in central Gaza.
    (AP, 5/20/08)

2008        May 21, Israel and Syria said they were holding indirect peace talks through Turkish mediators on a dispute that centers on the Golan Heights.
    (AP, 5/21/08)

2008        May 22, A Palestinian suicide bomber detonated a truck loaded with explosives as he tried to ram a crucial crossing between the Gaza Strip and Israel. There were no casualties besides the bomber.
    (AP, 5/22/08)

2008        May 23, Clashes between Israeli troops and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip left five militants dead.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 24, Israeli forces attacked two groups of Palestinian militants firing mortar shells in the northern Gaza Strip, wounding 4 Hamas gunmen.
    (SSFC, 5/25/08, p.A4)

2008        May 25, An Iranian-born Israeli was charged with passing defense information to Tehran. The man told interrogators he repeatedly visited the Iranian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, and gave the Iranians names of acquaintances he said served in the Israeli security forces.
    (AP, 5/25/08)

2008        May 26, David Mumford of Brown University said he would donate his $33,333 portion of the prestigious Israeli mathematics Wolf Prize, to a Palestinian university and an Israeli group that tries to ease Israeli travel restrictions on Palestinian students.
    (AP, 5/26/08)

2008        May 27, Morris Talansky (75), an American businessman who is key to a corruption probe of PM Ehud Olmert, told prosecutors that over 14 years he had handed Olmert cash-stuffed envelopes for $150,000. At least $40,000 was in personal loans and never repaid.
    (AP, 5/27/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.49)

2008        May 28, An Israeli airstrike in southern Gaza Strip killed two Hamas gunmen during a military operation. The airstrike also wounded four militants who were firing mortars at Israeli forces.
    (AP, 5/28/08)

2008        May 29, At a ceremony in Jerusalem, Israel's President Shimon Peres announced that the hoopoe is now the ornithological symbol of the country. Ornithologist Amir Balaban, who runs the Jerusalem Bird Observatory, described the hoopoe as a beautiful, native bird that is monogamous and takes good care of its children.
    (AP, 5/30/08)

2008        May 31, An Egyptian police official said boxes of ammunition, rocket-propelled grenades and anti-aircraft missiles have been found in a mountain in the northern Sinai peninsula. He said the weapons were to be smuggled into the neighboring Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/31/08)

2008        Jun 1, Israel freed Nasim Nisr (39), a convicted Hezbollah spy, and the militant group turned over the remains of Israeli soldiers killed in the 2006 war in Lebanon.
    (AP, 6/1/08)

2008        Jun 4, The Israeli army says it has closed the Gaza fuel crossing after an errant rocket fired by militants wounded a Palestinian worker at the terminal.
    (AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 5, An Israeli missile aimed at a group of Palestinian militants struck a house and killed a girl (6), hours after an Israeli was killed by a Hamas mortar barrage fired from the area.
    (AP, 6/5/08)

2008        Jun 6, An Israeli airstrike in Beit Lahiya targeted a Hamas base. One fighter was killed during an Israeli army operation in the central Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/6/08)

2008        Jun 7, An Israeli tank killed a militant near Gaza City. Hamas confirmed the man was a member of the group and said two of his comrades were wounded. The Israeli military said the gunman was planting a bomb along the border.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 9, Israeli officials said they have transferred millions of dollars in delayed tax revenue to the Palestinian authority, money that will help pay thousands of workers who have not received their May wages.
    (AP, 6/9/08)

2008        Jun 10, Gaza militants bombarded southern Israel with 20 mortar rounds in the space of an hour midday, provoking Israeli ground strikes that killed 3 militants from the territory's ruling Hamas group.
    (AP, 6/10/08)

2008        Jun 11, The Israeli military said soldiers opened fire at militants launching rockets into Israel. Palestinian officials said a 6-year-old girl was killed by Israeli tank fire in Gaza. A car bomb blast in central Tel Aviv killed a prominent Israeli lawyer, in what they called a criminal bombing and not an attack by Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 6/11/08)

2008        Jun 12, A blast flattened the house of a militant commander in the Gaza Strip, killing four people, wounding 40 and burying an unknown number of others. Israel denied involvement. Hamas said the blast was caused by an Israeli airstrike and responded with a heavy barrage of rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, wounding an Israeli woman. Earlier in the day Israeli troops killed two Palestinian militants in a clash in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 6/12/08)

2008        Jun 13, Israel confirmed plans to build 1,300 more apartments in east Jerusalem, immediately drawing the ire of Palestinians who accused it of sabotaging already rocky peace efforts. Hamas claimed responsibility for a house explosion a day earlier in northern Gaza that killed seven Palestinians, one of them an infant girl.
    (AP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 15, Israeli officials said that indirect peace talks between Israel and Syria have resumed, with Turkish mediation.
    (AP, 6/15/08)

2008        Jun 16, Israeli troops in southern Gaza killed three Palestinian gunmen as they planted explosives along the Gaza-Israel border. Separately an Israeli airstrike injured three Hamas militants, one of them critically.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Officials said 2 days of peace talks in Turkey involving Israel and Syria had concluded and more talks were planned.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 17, Egypt's state-owned news agency said Israel and Hamas have agreed on a truce to begin June 19.
    (AP, 6/17/08)

2008        Jun 18, Israel and Hamas pledged to start a cease-fire June 19 in a bid to end a year of fighting that has killed more than 400 Palestinians and seven Israelis. The deal came as Israel also urged Lebanon to open peace talks.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 19, Guns went quiet as a six-month truce between Israel and Gaza Strip militants took effect, but there was widespread skepticism about its ability to hold.
    (AP, 6/19/08)

2008        Jun 22, Israel increased the trickle of badly needed goods flowing into the Gaza Strip, in the latest stage of a four-day-old truce with Hamas militants.
    (AP, 6/22/08)

2008        Jun 23, In Jerusalem French President Nicolas Sarkozy said there could be no Mideast peace unless Israel drops its refusal to cede sovereignty over parts of Jerusalem claimed by the Palestinians, challenging one of Israel's most emotionally held positions.
    (AP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 24, Three Palestinian rockets hit southern Israel and PM Ehud Olmert's office says the cease-fire that took effect last week has been broken. Islamic Jihad militants in the Gaza Strip said they carried out the attack to avenge an Israeli military raid that killed one of their fighters in the West Bank. Israeli troops killed two Palestinians in the West Bank raid. The militant group Hamas said it remains committed to a cease-fire with Israel, but will not act as Israel's "police force" in confronting militants who breach the truce. An Israeli police officer fatally shot himself in the head at an airport farewell ceremony for French President Nicolas Sarkozy. The officer was identified as Raed Ghanem, a member of the minority Druse community.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 26, Gaza militants fired a rocket into southern Israel, causing no injuries but undermining a shaky, week-old truce meant to halt a violent cycle of attacks and harsh Israeli reprisals. The Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, a violent group linked to the rival Fatah movement, claimed responsibility for the attack saying "the truce must include the West Bank and all sorts of aggression must stop."
    (AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jun 27, Israel refused to fully open crossings with the Gaza Strip and Palestinian militants attacked Israel with mortars, further testing an already fragile truce. Israeli soldiers shot dead Mohammed Alameh (17), a West Bank teenager who threw Molotov cocktails at an army patrol.
    (AP, 6/27/08)(AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jun 29, Israel's Cabinet overwhelmingly voted in favor of a deal with Hezbollah to swap a notorious Lebanese prisoner for two captured soldiers who were declared dead earlier in the day. Israel would release Samir Kantar, imprisoned for a 1979 attack etched in the Israeli psyche as one of the cruelest in the nation's history. Israel reopened its border crossings with the Gaza Strip to allow a trickle of goods into the territory.
    (AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jul 1, Israel closed its cargo crossings with the Gaza Strip after accusing Palestinian militants of firing a rocket at southern Israel in violation of a shaky truce. The Israeli military said its radar detected a rocket launched from Gaza the previous evening that struck near the communal farm of Mefalsim.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 2, In Israel Hussam Dwayat (30), a Palestinian man from Arab east Jerusalem plowed, an enormous construction vehicle into cars, buses and pedestrians on a busy street, killing at least 3 people and wounding at least 45 before he was shot dead by security officers. Palestinian witnesses said an angry crowd in the Gaza Strip has stormed a border crossing with Egypt throwing rocks at Egyptian troops.
    (AP, 7/2/08)

2008        Jul 6, Israel re-opened its border crossings with the Gaza Strip after closing them because of Palestinian rocket fire.
    (AP, 7/6/08)

2008        Jul 7, Israeli troops in jeeps swooped down on the West Bank town of Nablus, shutting down a girls' school, a medical center and two other facilities of a Hamas-affiliated charity. Palestinian militants fired a mortar shell at a border crossing with the Gaza Strip. Israel's military said it had begun digging up the bodies of Lebanese fighters after the government struck a deal with Hezbollah guerrillas to swap five living prisoners and dozens of bodies for two Israeli soldiers captured in 2006.
    (AP, 7/7/08)
2008        Jul 7, Israeli Lt. Col. Omri Borberg was caught on video holding the arm of Ashraf Abu Rahmeh while he was shot in the foot with a rubber-coated bullet in the West Bank village of Naalin. On Jan 27, 2011, an Israeli military court sentenced two soldiers, convicted in the close-range shooting of a bound and blindfolded Palestinian man, but spared them jail time.
    (AP, 1/27/11)(http://tinyurl.com/45ufwxq)

2008        Jul 8, The Israeli military said Gaza militants fired a mortar shell into Israel in another violation of a shaky truce.
    (AP, 7/8/08)

2008        Jul 9, An Israel-Hamas truce has boiled down to a simple trade-off: For a day of calm, Israel adds five truckloads of cows and 200 tons of cement to the barest basics it ships to Gaza, but rocket fire from the territory reseals the border for a day.
    (AP, 7/9/08)

2008        Jul 10, Israeli troops shot and killed a teenage Palestinian militant along the country's border with Gaza. Soldiers thought he was armed but, after inspecting the body, found that he was not. In the fourth day of operations in the city of Nablus, Israel closed a clinic and TV station, and raided a mosque.
    (AP, 7/10/08)

2008        Jul 11, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian gunman who opened fire in the early morning on an Israeli civilian driving in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/11/08)

2008        Jul 15, Israel's Cabinet overwhelmingly approved an emotionally charged deal to trade a Lebanese militant convicted of killing three people for two Israeli soldiers captured by Hezbollah guerrillas and believed to be dead. Israeli troops arrested three Hamas council members in a dawn raid on the West Bank city of Nablus. Witnesses and residents said a total of 12 Hamas members were arrested.
    (AP, 7/15/08)

2008        Jul 16, Hezbollah handed over two black coffins with the bodies of two Israeli soldiers and Israel freed 5 Lebanese militants, including Samir Kantar, who killed a 4-year-old girl and her father in 1979.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(WSJ, 7/17/08, p.A1)

2008        Jul 18, Israelís Shin Bet security service said investigators had arrested six men in June and July suspected of trying to set up an al-Qaida-linked terror network, including one who wanted to shoot down President Bush's helicopter.
    (AP, 7/18/08)

2008        Jul 20, In Israel British PM Gordon Brown, on his first official visit as prime minister, said that economic development was key to bringing peace to the Middle East. Brown demanded that Israel cease settlement construction and promised more money to jump-start the battered Palestinian economy.
    (AP, 7/20/08)

2008        Jul 22, Palestinian rammed a construction truck into three cars and a bus near the Jerusalem hotel where Barack Obama is supposed to stay, injuring four people before an Israeli civilian shot and killed the attacker.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 23, US Presidential hopeful Barack Obama donned a Jewish skullcap at Israel's Holocaust memorial and vowed to preserve America's close ties with Israel in a dramatic visit to the Holy Land in which he also promised the Palestinians to push vigorously to win them a state.
    (AP, 7/23/08)

2008        Jul 24, An Israeli official said a key committee has approved construction of the first new Jewish settlement in the West Bank in a decade. The news infuriated Palestinians, who said the decision could cripple peace efforts.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 25, A bomb exploded outside a Gaza City cafe and another went off outside the home of a Hamas lawmaker. One person was killed.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 27, Israeli troops killed a Hamas militant in the West Bank town of Hebron. Troops exchanged gunfire with the man (25) for 12 hours before bulldozing the structure.
    (AP, 7/27/08)

2008        Jul 29, Israeli gunfire killed a 10-year-old Palestinian boy during a confrontation between troops and stone-throwers in a West Bank village.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Jul 30, Israelís PM Ehud Olmert announced he would step down after his Kadima Party's leadership race in September, called because of a series of corruption allegations against him.
    (AP, 7/31/08)

2008        Aug 2, Hamas security forces battled fighters in a tribal stronghold where they say suspects in a deadly bombing last week were hiding. Two Hamas police officers were killed and 35 people wounded. Some 180 Fatah supporters fled into Israel from a deadly Hamas crackdown.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 3, Israeli and Palestinian officials said most of the 180 Fatah supporters, who had fled into Israel, would be sent back into the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 4, Israel's defense minister said a group of around 150 Fatah fighters who fled to Israel from the Gaza Strip will be allowed to relocate to the West Bank because they face "immediate danger" from Gaza's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2008        Aug 6, Israel released five Palestinian teenagers from jail as part of a prisoner exchange agreement made with Lebanon's Hezbollah militia last month.
    (AP, 8/6/08)

2008        Aug 17, Israel's Cabinet approved the release of some 200 Palestinian prisoners as a goodwill gesture to the government of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 19, A Palestinian rocket attack on southern Israel violated a truce and led Israel to close its cargo crossings with the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/20/08)

2008        Aug 23, Two boats carrying dozens of international activists sailed into the Gaza Strip in defiance of an Israeli blockade, receiving a jubilant welcome from thousands of Palestinians. Israel said it would permit the boats to dock in Gaza after determining the activists did not pose a security threat. The group delivered a symbolic shipment of hearing aids and balloons.
    (AP, 8/23/08)

2008        Aug 25, Israel freed nearly 200 jailed Palestinians, including a militant mastermind from the 1970s, in a goodwill gesture just hours before US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice was to begin her latest peace mission to the region.
    (AP, 8/25/08)

2008        Aug 26, Israel ordered the Gaza Strip's border crossings closed after militants violated a cease-fire by launching two rockets the previous evening, bringing to 46 the number of rockets launched by militants since the truce began.
    (AP, 8/26/08)

2008        Aug 27, Abie Nathan (81), the peace activist who made a dramatic solo flight to Egypt in a rattletrap single-engine plane (1966) and later founded the groundbreaking "Voice of Peace" radio station, died in Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Aug 31, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas rejected Israel's idea of an interim peace agreement at a summit, insisting on an all-or-nothing approach that virtually ruled out an accord by a January target date.
    (AP, 8/31/08)

2008        Sep 3, French President Nicolas Sarkozy encouraged Syria to pursue face-to-face peace talks with Israel during his first trip to the Arab nation, a visit also aimed at undercutting Iranian influence in Damascus.
    (AP, 9/4/08)

2008        Sep 4, Syrian President Bashar Assad announced that his country has handed over proposals for peace with Israel to Turkish mediators and would wait for Israel's response before holding any face-to-face negotiations.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Middle East envoy Tony Blair toured a Palestinian aluminum factory in Beit Iba and was told it runs at one-third capacity because of Israeli import restrictions. He promised he'll take it up with Israeli authorities.
    (AP, 9/5/08)

2008        Sep 5, An Israeli defense official said Israel has allowed Palestinian security forces in the West Bank to receive a shipment of about 1,000 Kalashnikov rifles and tens of thousands of bullets in a step aimed at bolstering the moderate Palestinian government there. The weapons shipment reached the Palestinians through Jordan about one week ago.
    (AP, 9/5/08)
2008        Sep 5, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas pledged to try to reach a final status peace agreement with Israel by the end of the year, but he admitted the goal, set by US President George W. Bush, might not be achieved.
    (AP, 9/5/08)

2008        Sep 10, Israeli defense officials say the government has told all businessmen involved in military sales to Georgia to immediately cease visits to the former Soviet republic. The officials said the directive was decided upon this week because Israel is concerned about damage to its relations with Russia.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, In northern Israel a military helicopter crashed at sundown and burst into flames killing two crew members.
    (AP, 9/10/08)

2008        Sep 11, Israeli divers found a red suitcase containing a small skull, bones and clothes, which police said may belong to Rose Pizem, a 4-year-old French girl missing since May, whose grandfather is jailed in the slaying.
    (AP, 9/11/08)

2008        Sep 13, A Palestinian stabbed a 9-year-old Israeli boy in a West Bank settlement outpost, setting off clashes that left injured six Palestinians. Israeli troops fatally shot Hassan Hmeid (16),  a Palestinian teenager during a clash near Bethlehem. Witnesses said the troops opened fire when a patrol entered Tekoa and were pelted with a hail of stones thrown by local young people.
    (AP, 9/13/08)

2008        Sep 18, Tzipi Livni (50), Israel's foreign minister, eked out a victory in a surprisingly tight race to replace PM Ehud Olmert as the head of the governing party, putting her in a strong position to become the country's first female leader in 34 years.
    (AP, 9/18/08)

2008        Sep 20, A Palestinian was shot and killed by Israeli soldiers who said they saw him light a firebomb near a Jewish settlement. Suhayeb Saleh was later identified by his parents, who said he was 14 years old. Egypt opened its Gaza border terminal to allow passage of students and medical patients for 2 days.
    (AP, 9/20/08)

2008        Sep 21, Israelís PM Ehud Olmert, crippled by a series of corruption investigations, announced he would resign, clearing the way for his foreign minister to try to succeed him as Israel's next leader.
    (AP, 9/21/08)

2008        Sep 22, A driver plowed a BMW into a group of soldiers at a busy intersection near Jerusalem's Old City, injuring 13 of them before he was shot to death. The driver was a Palestinian resident of east Jerusalem who apparently acted alone.
    (AP, 9/22/08)

2008        Sep 25, A pipe bomb exploded outside the home of a prominent Israeli scholar and outspoken critic of Jewish West Bank settlements, lightly wounding him in what police suspect was an attack by Jewish extremists.
    (AP, 9/25/08)

2008        Sep 28, An Israeli official said the US had installed an advanced American radar system in the Negev Desert.
    (SFC, 9/29/08, p.A3)

2008        Sep 29, Israelís Central Bureau of Statistics released its annual population figures to mark the New Year. It said 7.34 million people live in Israel, including 5.54 million Jews, or 75 percent of the population. There are 1.48 million Arabs, about 20 percent, and 315,000 members of other groups. This year the Jewish New Year, or Rosh Hashana, began at sundown and coincided with Eid el-Fitr, one of the holiest days on the Muslim calendar.
    (AP, 9/29/08)

2008        Sep, Israelís Prime Minister Ehud Olmert offered to swap Israeli near the Gaza Strip and West Bank in exchange for settlement blocs in the West Bank. The Palestinians did not respond to the proposal, submitted at a time when Olmert's ability to negotiate a peace deal was compromised by corruption allegations that eventually forced him to step down. Talks broke down after Israel's war against Gaza militants and never resumed.
    (AP, 12/17/09)

2008        Oct 5, In Israel PM Olmert's Cabinet agreed to hand over to Russia a small tract known as Sergei's Courtyard. The area, which once accommodated Russian pilgrims visiting the Holy Land, now houses offices of Israel's Agriculture Ministry and the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 6, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert visited Moscow, aiming to focus on Russian arms sales to Israel's enemies. By contrast, Russia hoped the meeting will bolster its image as a Middle East peacemaker.
    (AP, 10/6/08)

2008        Oct 7, Israel's PM Olmert said he received assurances that Russia would not allow Israel's security to be threatened, but offered no indication he won the concrete promises he sought on Russian arms sales or sanctions on Iran.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 11, In Acre, Israel, police said rioters torched two empty apartments owned by Arabs in a predominantly Jewish neighborhood. 12 people were put into custody for rioting and eight under house arrest.
    (AP, 10/11/08)

2008        Oct 13, Israel shut down entry from the West Bank during the 7-day Sukkot holiday. The order bars almost all West Bank Palestinians from entering Israel until Oct. 21.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

2008        Oct 14, The Israeli military troops in the West Bank shot a Palestinian as he prepared to lob a blazing Molotov cocktail into a Jewish settlement north of Jerusalem. Troops found another 10 firebombs at the scene ready to be ignited.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

2008        Oct 16, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man in Kufr Malek, a village near Ramallah. An army patrol spotted three men carrying firebombs and troops shot one man after the trio ignored warning shots. The other two escaped. A Palestinian man died in a Ramallah hospital a day after being shot by troops in the nearby Jelazoun refugee camp.
    (AP, 10/16/08)

2008        Oct 19, An Israeli businessman was kidnapped in Ghana. The kidnappers initially demanded $500,000 ransom, then lowered it to $300,000.
    (AP, 10/24/08)

2008        Oct 20, Palestinian Pres. Abbas published remarks saying Israel has failed to protect Palestinians against attacks by Israeli settlers during the olive harvest.
    (AP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 23, Mohammed Albaden, a Palestinian assailant, stabbed two Israelis in an east Jerusalem neighborhood, killing an 86-year-old man and wounding a police officer in what authorities called a "terror incident."
    (AP, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 25, Nearly 600 newly trained Palestinian troops took up positions in Hebron. In the Gaza Strip, three Palestinians were killed when a smuggling tunnel linking Gaza to Egypt collapsed. In the West Bank, a 23-year-old Palestinian was seriously wounded by Israeli army fire during a clash in the refugee camp of Fara.
    (AP, 10/25/08)

2008        Oct 26, Prime Minister-designate Tzipi Livni abandoned efforts to form a government Sunday, putting Israel on course for new elections and endangering already fragile Middle East peace talks.
    (AP, 10/26/08)

2008        Oct 29, A boat carrying 27 activists and humanitarian supplies sailed into the Gaza Strip, defying an Israeli naval blockade to call attention to Israeli sanctions on the Hamas-controlled territory. The passengers included Mairead Corrigan Maguire, who won the 1976 Nobel Peace Prize for her work with Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Oct 30, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired a rocket into southern Israel in violation of a 4-month-old truce, but the strike did not cause any injuries or damage. The Israeli Defense Ministry responded by snapping shut cargo crossings into Gaza until further notice.
    (AP, 10/30/08)

2008        Oct 31, Israeli settlers clashed with Israeli police and Palestinians in the West Bank town of Hebron following the overnight demolition of an unauthorized settler outpost. Israelis from across the political spectrum slammed a decision to air the first-ever television interview with Yigal Amir (43), the extremist Jew who assassinated PM Yitzhak Rabin in 1995.
    (AP, 10/31/08)(AFP, 10/31/08)

2008        Oct, Yemenís President Ali Abdullah Saleh disclosed that a "terrorist cell" linked to Israel's intelligence services had been dismantled. Bassam al-Haidari was later found guilty of contacts with Israeli premier Ehud Olmert on the Internet to plot against Yemen and sentenced to death. 2 other men received 3-year jail terms.
    (AFP, 4/3/10)

2008        Nov 4, Human Rights Watch reported that both Georgia and Russia used cluster bombs during their brief summer war. Georgiaís bombs, purchased from Israel, killed at least 3 Georgian civilians, including 2 who touched unexploded bombs and died after the fighting ended. Many of the bombs were said to have malfunctioned.
    (WSJ, 11/4/08, p.A12)

2008        Nov 5, Hamas militants pounded southern Israel with a barrage of rockets, hours after Israeli forces killed six gunmen. The clashes began the previous evening after Israeli forces burst into Gaza to destroy what the army said was a tunnel being dug near the border to abduct Israeli troops. The Israeli military said 35 rockets were fired. Late the same day Israel launched another airstrike, killing a Palestinian militant in northern Gaza. The army said it was targeting a rocket launcher, whom the Islamic Jihad group identified as its own. The group had fired two rockets at the Israeli border town of Sderot and one of its leaders, Khader Habib, declared the truce over.
    (AP, 11/5/08)(AP, 11/6/08)

2008        Nov 7, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired at least 3 rockets at southern Israel, fraying a five-month truce that has been tested sorely this week. There were no injuries.
    (AP, 11/7/08)

2008        Nov 8, A group of European lawmakers sailed from Cyprus into Gaza, defying an internationally backed blockade of the Hamas-run territory with activists promising to send more visitors and goods to end the coastal strip's isolation.
    (AP, 11/8/08)

2008        Nov 9, Israel and the Palestinians pledged to continue peace talks that President Bush launched last year even though a possible deal won't be reached until after he leaves office.
    (AP, 11/9/08)

2008        Nov 11, Rabbi Meir Porush, an ultra-Orthodox rabbi, faced off against Nir Barkat (49), a secular businessman, in Jerusalem's mayoral race. Nir Barkat, a former paratroops officer, won the election with 52% support.
    (AP, 11/11/08)(AP, 11/12/08)

2008        Nov 12, Israeli troops and Palestinian militants fought with missiles and mortars along the Gaza-Israel border, raising new concerns that an increasingly shaky five-month-old truce might collapse. Four Hamas militants were killed in the exchange, and the Hamas military wing said it would retaliate.
    (AP, 11/12/08)

2008        Nov 13, Gaza militants fired a new barrage of rockets and mortars at Israeli border areas, prompting Israel to bar planned food and fuel shipments to Palestinian civilians hurt by the unraveling of a five-month-old truce.
    (AP, 11/13/08)

2008        Nov 14, Palestinian militants attacked Ashkelon in southern Israel with rocket fire. They also unleashed rockets at nearby Sderot, where rescue services said one person was lightly wounded by shrapnel. The barrages followed an earlier strike by Israeli aircraft targeting militants firing rockets in northern Gaza. Israel kept the crossings into Gaza sealed for a tenth straight day, forcing the UN to suspend its food aid distribution to 750,000 Gaza residents.
    (AP, 11/14/08)

2008        Nov 15, Gazans seeking food aid walked away empty-handed from locked United Nations distribution centers after a strict Israeli border closure depleted UN food reserves.
    (AP, 11/15/08)

2008        Nov 16, Israeli leaders made a secret journey to neighboring Jordan, listening to pleas from King Abdullah II to avert a large-scale military operation in the Gaza Strip. An Israeli airstrike killed 4 Palestinian militants as they were firing mortars at Israel from the Gaza Strip, just hours after another group of militants struck Israel in a separate rocket attack.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/20/08)

2008        Nov 17, A car carrying Yaakov Alperon (51), one of Israel's top mafia kingpins, exploded as it traveled in central Tel Aviv, killing him and threatening to unleash an all-out war in Israel's increasingly violent underworld.
    (AP, 11/17/08)(SFC, 11/18/08, p.A14)
2008        Nov 17, In Iran Ali Ashtari (45), convicted of spying for Israel, was hanged after being sentenced to death on June 30 by a revolutionary court in Tehran. The electronics salesman worked in supplying military, security and defense centers across the Iran.
    (AP, 11/22/08)

2008        Nov 18, Israeli tanks forged into the southern Gaza Strip, drawing mortar fire from Palestinian militants and intensifying violence that has chipped away at a tenuous cease-fire. Israeli seamen boarded a Palestinian fishing boat and arrested one of Gaza's foreign supporters and five Palestinian fishermen. The foreigner was identified as Andrew Muncie of Scotland.
    (AP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 20, Jewish settlers in Hebron spray-painted graffiti on a mosque slurring the Prophet Muhammad and defaced a Muslim cemetery, Israeli military officials said, threatening to worsen tensions in this volatile West Bank city.
    (AP, 11/20/08)

2008        Nov 24, Gazans crowded into banks to withdraw money amid a worsening currency shortage resulting from Israeli sanctions.
    (WSJ, 11/25/08, p.A1)

2008        Nov 28, A Palestinian was killed in a clash with Israeli forces in southern Gaza. A mortar attack on an Israeli army base injured eight Israeli soldiers. The next day the Islamic militant group Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(AP, 11/29/08)

2008        Dec 1, The Israeli navy turned away a Libyan ship heading to Gaza with 3,000 tons of humanitarian aid, ending the most high-profile effort yet to break a blockade of the Hamas-ruled territory.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 2, Dozens of Jewish settlers rioted in the West Bank town of Hebron, clashing with the Israeli troops who guard them but who may also soon evict them from a disputed building they've occupied.
    (AP, 12/2/08)

2008        Dec 4, Rioting by Jewish settlers spread in the West Bank after Israeli soldiers forcibly removed about 250 extremists from a disputed house in the center of Hebron. Banks in the Gaza Strip shut down to count their dwindling cash. Israel lifted a four-week-old ban on international journalists entering the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/4/08)

2008        Dec 5, Israeli defense officials reinstated a ban on international journalists entering the Gaza Strip, despite protests from the heads of major news organizations and an appeal to the country's Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 6, Palestinians packed into cars to leave the West Bank city of Nablus after Israel eased restrictions on residents leaving the town in vehicles for the first time in six years.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

2008        Dec 9, Israel reopened its crossings with Gaza to shipments of humanitarian aid and fuel. International journalists were also being allowed in.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 10, Israel agreed to allow the delivery of cash to banks in the Gaza Strip to ease a cash crunch that has badly hobbled the economy of the blockaded Palestinian territory.
    (AP, 12/10/08)

2008        Dec 12, The chief Palestinian negotiators said Israel proposed to annex 6.8 percent of the West Bank and to take in a few thousand refugees under a peace deal, but it has not revealed its position on the most contentious issue, the future of Jerusalem.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 14, In Gaza City an estimated 300,000 supporters of Hamas gathered to mark 21 years since the organizationís founding. Israel closed its crossing with Gaza to journalist in response to rocket fire over the weekend.
    (SFC, 12/15/08, p.A14)

2008        Dec 15, Israel released 224 Palestinian prisoners in a gesture to moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, and jubilant detainees waving Palestinian flags jumped on the roof of one of the buses carrying them to freedom.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

2008        Dec 16, Israeli troops killed Jihad Nawhda (23), a wanted Palestinian militant in the West Bank, and the Islamic Jihad group retaliated with rocket fire from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, In Israel a bus filled with 49 passengers plunged into a desert ravine near the resort town of Eilat. 24 Russian travel agents were killed. In 2014 the bus driver was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(SFC, 12/17/08, p.A8)(Reuters, 2/23/14)

2008        Dec 17, Gaza militants fired nine rockets at Israel just two days before militants say a truce along the Gaza border is to expire. The rockets were fired by three small militant groups and caused no injuries. Israel says there's no expiration date.
    (AP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 18, Hamas declared a formal end to a 6-month ceasefire with Israel.
    (SFC, 12/19/08, p.A4)

2008        Dec 20, An Israeli air strike against a Gaza rocket squad killed a Palestinian militant, the first death since Hamas militants formally declared an end to a six-month truce with Israel.
    (AP, 12/20/08)

2008        Dec 21, Barrages of rockets fired from Gaza hit Israeli towns and the Israeli air force responded with a missile strike as violence surged following the official expiration of a shaky truce with Hamas.
    (AP, 12/21/08)

2008        Dec 23, Israeli forces killed three Hamas militants on the Gaza border.
    (AP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 25, Israel moved closer to invading Gaza, saying it had wrapped up preparations for a broad offensive after Palestinian militants fired about 100 rockets and mortar shells across the border in two days.
    (AP, 12/25/08)
2008        Dec 25, Lebanese army officers discovered seven rockets set up with timers that were on the verge of firing near the border with Israel.
    (AP, 12/25/08)

2008        Dec 26, Israel reopened its border with Gaza to allow deliveries of humanitarian aid, despite continued rocket and mortar fire from the coastal strip and growing expectations of a large-scale Israeli military campaign against Palestinian militants. A rocket fired by Palestinian militants fell short and killed 2 schoolgirls in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/26/08)(SFC, 12/27/08, p.A5)

2008        Dec 27, Israel began ďOperation Cast Lead" as its warplanes retaliating for rocket fire from the Gaza Strip pounded dozens of security compounds across the Hamas-ruled territory in waves of airstrikes, killing nearly 200 people and wounding 270 others in the single bloodiest day of fighting in years. Gaza militants fired 30 rockets and mortars after the air offensive began. A missile hit the town of Netivot, killing an Israeli man and wounding four people.
    (AP, 12/27/08)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.24)
2008        Dec 27-2009 Jan 21, In Egypt security forces arrested at least 860 activists of the Muslim Brotherhood as public demonstrations mounted during the Israeli assault on Gaza.
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.48)

2008        Dec 28, Israeli warplanes pressing one of Israel's deadliest assaults ever on Palestinian militants dropped bombs and missiles on a top security installation, smuggling tunnels and dozens of other targets across Hamas-ruled Gaza. Some 280 Palestinians died in the first 24 hours of the campaign against Gaza rocket squads. Prisoners fled Gaza's central prison after it was damaged by an Israeli airstrike. 17 of them were later numbered among 32 dead in extra-judicial killings by Hamas.
    (AP, 12/28/08)(AP, 2/14/09)
2008        Dec 28, The UN Security Council has issued a statement expressing serious concern at the escalating violence in Gaza and is calling on Israel and the Palestinians to immediately halt all military activities.
    (AP, 12/28/08)

2008        Dec 29, Israel obliterated symbols of Hamas power on the third day of what the defense minister described as a "war to the bitter end," striking next to the Hamas premier's home, and devastating a security compound and a university building. The three-day death toll rose to at least 315, with some 1,400 wounded. One medium-range rocket fired at the Israeli city of Ashkelon killed an Arab construction worker and wounded several others. Egypt opened its borders to Gaza and allowed trucks loaded with humanitarian aid to enter the Rafah terminal. A Palestinian stabbed and wounded four Israelis in a West Bank settlement before he was shot and wounded.
    (AP, 12/29/08)
2008        Dec 29, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon demanded an immediate cease-fire in Gaza and urged Mideast and world leaders to do more to help end the Israeli-Hamas conflict and promote political dialogue.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2008        Dec 30,  Palestinian militants, armed with deadlier missiles than ever before, kept up rocket assaults against Israel, despite relentless air attacks against Gaza's Hamas rulers and unwelcome word from Egypt that it would not bail them out. More than 370 Palestinians have died since the Israeli air onslaught against Gaza's Islamic Hamas rulers began on Dec 27.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2008        Dec 31, Israel rejected international pressure for a two-day cease-fire with Hamas and sent warplanes to demolish smuggling tunnels that are the lifeline of Gaza's Islamic rulers. Gaza officials said the five days of airstrikes have killed 390, including 200 uniformed members of Hamas security forces.
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 31, The UN Security Council held an emergency meeting on an Arab request for a binding and enforceable resolution condemning Israel and halting its military attacks on Gaza. The US immediately called the draft resolution circulated by Libya on behalf of the 22-member Arab League "unacceptable" and "unbalanced" and because it makes no mention of halting the Hamas rocket attacks that led to the Israeli offensive.
    (AP, 1/1/09)

2008        Dec-2009 Jan, In 2009 Human Rights Watch issued a report saying 6 missile strikes in Gaza by Israeli drones killed 29 civilians, including 8 children, during this period.
    (SFC, 7/1/09, p.A3)

2008        Raja Shehadeh authored ďPalestinian Walks," a ďhighly original consideration of the Palestinian-Israeli issue structured around a series of vigorous, attentive hikes through the occupied territories."
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.69)(http://tinyurl.com/26lulh5)
2008        Israeli soldiers began using a smelly liquid named Skunk to disperse Palestinian protesters. It was developed by Odortec, an Israeli pesticide specialist.
    (Econ, 6/6/15, p.40)
2008          In Israel a human cranium dating to about 53,000BC was found in the Manot Cave. Anthropologists later said the cranium was a missing connection between African and European populations.
    (SFC, 1/29/15, p.A7)

2009        Jan 1,  Israel assassinated Nizar Rayan (52), a Hamas strongman, in its first assault on the top leadership of Gaza's rulers, escalating a crushing aerial offensive even as it declared it was ready to launch a ground invasion. The aerial strike also killed 12 other people including two of Rayan's four wives and four of his 12 children. Officials said more than 400 Gazans have been killed and some 1,700 have been wounded. The UN said the death toll included more than 60 civilians, 34 of them children. Three Israeli civilians and one soldier have also died in rocket attacks from Gaza.
    (AP, 1/1/09)

2009        Jan 2, Israel bombed a mosque it claimed was used to store weapons and destroyed homes of more than a dozen Hamas operatives, but under international pressure, the government allowed hundreds of Palestinians with foreign passports to leave besieged Gaza. Thus far more than 400 Gazans have been killed and some 1,700 have been wounded. Three Israeli civilians and one soldier have also died in the rocket attacks.
    (AP, 1/2/09)

2009        Jan 3, Israeli warplanes, gunboats and artillery units bombarded more than 40 Hamas targets, including weapons storage facilities, training centers and leaders' homes. Palestinian medical officials said an Israeli airstrike on a mosque in the Gaza Strip killed 10 people and wounded dozens in the northern town of Beit Lahiya.
    (AP, 1/3/09)
2009        Jan 3, The United States blocked approval of a UN Security Council statement calling for an immediate cease-fire between Israel and Gaza's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 1/4/09)

2009        Jan 4, Israeli ground troops and tanks cut swaths through the Gaza Strip, cutting the coastal territory into two and surrounding its biggest city as the new phase of a devastating offensive against Hamas militants gained momentum. Gaza officials said at least 31 civilians were killed in the onslaught. Israel reported one soldier was killed by mortar fire. The new deaths brought the death toll in the Gaza Strip to more than 500 since Dec 27. At least 45 missiles fell on southern Israel, wounding five people. 2 women waving white flags were killed in the Juher a-Dik neighborhood in Gaza City. The incident occurred when the Abu Hajaj family evacuated their home after it was hit by a tank shell. On Aug 12, 2012, an infantry sergeant, who was initially charged with manslaughter for the deaths of the 2 women, was convicted in a military court of illegal weapons use as part of a plea deal and will serve 45 days in prison.
    (AP, 1/4/09)(AP, 1/5/09)(AP, 6/16/10)(AP, 8/12/12)

2009        Jan 5, Israel consolidated its hold on parts of the Gaza Strip, seizing high-rise buildings on the outskirts of the territory's biggest city as a stream of world leaders headed for the region to press for a truce. About 12 Palestinian children were killed. The 10th day of fighting put the Palestinian death toll at an estimated 550. 3 Israeli soldiers were killed and 24 others wounded by friendly fire. Gaza health officials said an Israeli airstrike outside a United Nations school in the Gaza Strip killed 39 people, many of them children. An Israeli missile struck a building in Zeitoun where Palestinians had been herded. At least 30 people were killed. 4 members of the Haji family, including their three-year-old daughter, were killed and another nine people were injured when an Israeli tank opened fire on them in the Zeitun area, despite the fact that they were holding a white flag. In 2011 Israel's military advocate general closed an investigation into the white flag incident due to lack of evidence.
    (AP, 1/5/09)(SFC, 1/6/09, p.A3)(AP, 1/11/09)(Econ, 1/17/09, p.49)(AFP, 4/12/11)
2009        Jan 5, Israeli forces directly targeted the house of Waíel Fares Hamdi al-Samouni, and its vicinity, killing 21 persons and injuring many others. Between January 4-7, 27 members of the Samouni family were killed, including 11 children and 6 women, and 35 others were injured. On May 2, 2012, the Israeli military said it has closed its investigation into the shelling deaths of 21 members of a single Palestinian family and would not file any charges.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6m5sh7h)(AFP, 5/2/12)

2009        Jan 6, A cease-fire initiative to halt the increasingly bloody Israeli offensive in Hamas-ruled Gaza won support from Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice called on rival sides to follow up on the proposal. A Hamas rocket hit Gedera, 20 miles from Tel Aviv, the farthest one has reached to date.
    (AP, 1/6/09)(AP, 1/7/09)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.24)
2009        Jan 6, Venezuela ordered Israel's ambassador expelled from the country in protest over the Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 1/6/09)

2009        Jan 7,  Israel ordered a three-hour pause in its Gaza offensive to allow food and fuel to reach besieged Palestinians, and said it welcomed a cease-fire proposal as long as Hamas halts rockets and weapons smuggling. About 300 of the more than 670 Palestinians killed so far were civilians. French President Nicolas Sarkozy said that Israel and the Palestinian Authority have accepted an Egyptian-French plan for Gaza.
    (AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 8, Israeli representatives arrived in Cairo for Egyptian-brokered talks on a cease-fire proposal after the UN Security Council failed to agree on action to end the crisis in Gaza.
    (AP, 1/8/09)
2009        Jan 8, The UN halted aid deliveries to the besieged Gaza Strip, citing Israeli attacks on a UN truck that killed 2 Palestinian workers. For a 2nd straight day, Israel suspended its Gaza military operation for three hours to allow in humanitarian supplies. Israel killed at least 11 people, including three who were fleeing their homes, raising the death toll from its 13-day offensive to 699 Palestinians. 11 Israelis have died since the offensive began. Militants in Lebanon fired at least three rockets into Israel. UN figures said as many as 257 children have been killed and 1,080 wounded, about a third of the total casualties since Dec. 27.
    (AP, 1/8/09)(SFC, 1/9/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 9, Israeli jets and helicopters bombarded Gaza and Hamas responded with a barrage of rockets on at least two cities as both sides defied a UN call for an immediate cease-fire. By the afternoon 22 Palestinians had been killed, pushing the death toll to 776 and in the two-week-old conflict.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, The US House of Representatives voted 390-5 for a bill declaring ďunwavering commitment" to Israel."
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.48)

2009        Jan 10, Israeli forces pounded rocket-launching sites and smuggling tunnels in Gaza and planes dropped leaflets warning of an escalation in attacks, as Palestinian militants fired at least 10 more rockets at Israel. The Israeli military said more than 15 militants were killed in overnight fighting. An Israeli tank shell killed nine people in a garden outside a home in the northern Gaza town of Jebaliya. In Cairo, Egypt, Palestinian Authority Pres. Mahmoud Abbas urged both Israel and Hamas to agree to an Egypt-brokered truce. Syria-based Palestinian militant groups including Hamas rejected the idea of deploying international observers or troops in Gaza.
    (AP, 1/10/09)

2009        Jan 11, Israeli troops made their deepest advance into the Gaza Strip's most heavily populated area, encountering increasingly fierce resistance from Islamic Hamas fighters as they warned civilians to stay clear of the battle zone. Human Rights Watch said that Israel's military has fired artillery shells with the incendiary agent white phosphorus into Gaza and a doctor there said the chemical was suspected in the case of 10 burn victims who had skin peeling off their faces and bodies.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, An estimated 2,500 Lebanese and Palestinians protested peacefully in downtown Beirut against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip, as hundreds of demonstrators in neighboring Syria shouted insults at the both the Jewish state and Arab leaders.
    (AP, 1/11/09)

2009        Jan 12, Israeli warplanes pounded the homes of Hamas leaders and ground troops edged closer to the Gaza Strip's densely populated urban center, as Israel weighed a decision to escalate its devastating offensive. Militants managed to fire off at least four rockets. Gaza officials said the offensive has killed some 870 Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/12/09)

2009        Jan 13, Israeli ground troops closed in on downtown Gaza City, battling Palestinian militants in the streets of a densely populated neighborhood, destroying dozens of homes and sending terrified residents running for cover as gunfire and explosions echoed in the distance. Some 15 rockets and mortar shells were fired toward Israel, causing no injuries. Egyptian mediators pushed the militant Palestinian Hamas group to accept a truce proposal for the embattled Gaza Strip in talks. The UN secretary-general headed to the region to join the multitrack diplomatic efforts for a cease-fire in Israelís 18-day offensive, in which more than 900 Palestinians have been killed, half of them civilians.
    (AP, 1/13/09)

2009        Jan 14, Al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden urged Muslims to launch a jihad against Israel and condemned Arab governments as allies of the Jewish state in a new message aimed at harnessing anger in the Mideast over the Gaza offensive.
    (AP, 1/14/09)
2009        Jan 14, Guerrillas in Lebanon rocketed northern Israel for the second time in a week, drawing Israeli artillery fire and threatening to drag the Jewish state into a second front as diplomatic efforts to broker a truce in Gaza intensified. Gaza health ministry official Dr. Moaiya Hassanain said the offensive has killed 1,000 Palestinians, about half of them civilians, including 300 children. The Israeli navy intercepted an Iranian ship loaded with medicine, food and clothing destined for Gaza and forced the vessel to Egypt instead. Palestinian surveyors estimated that Israel's fierce assault on Gaza's Hamas rulers has destroyed at least $1.4 billion worth of buildings, roads, pipes, power lines and other infrastructure.
    (AP, 1/14/09)
2009        Jan 14, Venezuela and Bolivia broke off diplomatic relations with Israel to protest its military offensive in Gaza.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 15, Israel shelled the UN headquarters in the Gaza Strip, engulfing the compound and the main warehouse in fire and destroying thousands of pounds of food and humanitarian supplies intended for Palestinian refugees. Fighting killed at least 70 people including 2 top Hamas leaders, Said Siam (49), the minister of the interior, and deputy Salah Abu Sharah. Gaza medical officials said 1,100 Palestinians have been killed since Israel's offensive started Dec. 27. Israeli soldiers used a Palestinian child, later identified as Majd R, as a human shield by forcing him to check for booby traps. In 2010 two Israeli soldiers were convicted of using the child as a human shield. They received suspended sentences and demotions.
    (AP, 1/15/09)(SFC, 1/16/09, p.A2)(AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 11/21/10)

2009        Jan 16, Israel said it was close to winding up its offensive against Hamas, and diplomats in Washington said the US will provide assurances on ending weapons smuggling into Gaza as part of a cease-fire. More than 1,100 Palestinians have been killed since the war began on Dec. 27, including 346 children. Khaled Mashaal, Hamas' political chief, rejected Israeli conditions for a Gaza cease-fire and demanded an immediate opening of the besieged territory's borders. Dr. Ezzeldeen Abu al-Aish told Channel 10 that his house in the northern Gaza strip town of Jebalia had been hit by Israeli shells and his daughters, ages 22, 15 and 14, were killed.
    (AP, 1/16/09)(AP, 2/5/09)
2009        Jan 16, Mauritania and Qatar suspended contacts with Israel to protest the Gaza bloodshed at an Arab summit that deepened the divisions between pro-US Arab nations and their rivals in the Middle East.
    (AP, 1/17/09)

2009        Jan 17, Israel bombarded dozens of Hamas targets hours before a government vote on an Egyptian brokered cease-fire, prompting Egypt to demand an immediate halt to the 3-week-old Gaza offensive.
    (AP, 1/17/09)

2009        Jan 18, Militants in Hamas-ruled Gaza agreed to a weeklong cease-fire with Israel, after three weeks of violence that Palestinian medics say has killed more than 1,200 people, about half of them civilians. The announcement came about 12 hours after Israel declared its own unilateral ceasefire. On March 19 a final tally of Palestinians killed in Israel's recent war on Gaza's Hamas rulers was reported to be 1,417, including 926 civilians. A Palestinian human rights groups published the names, ages and other information about the dead on its Web site.
    (AP, 1/18/09)(AP, 3/19/09)

2009        Jan 19, Israeli officials said they hope to pull all its troops out of the Gaza Strip by the time Barack Obama is inaugurated as president of the United States on Jan 20. This was the last full day of fighting as Hamas fired 19 rockets into Israel. About 1,300 Palestinians and 13 Israelis died in the offensive, which started Dec. 27.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(Econ, 1/24/09, p.53)(AP, 2/11/09)
2009        Jan 19, The Saudi king said his country will donate $1 billion to help rebuild the Gaza Strip after the devastating Israeli offensive and told Israel that an Arab initiative offering peace will not remain on the table forever. The Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency cut its benchmark lending rate a half point to 2%, and its deposit rate by three-quarters point to .75%.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(WSJ, 1/20/08, p.A11)

2009        Jan 21, The last Israeli troops left the Gaza Strip before dawn, as Israel dispatched its foreign minister to Europe in a bid to rally international support to end arms smuggling into the Hamas-ruled territory. The Palestinian Center for Human Rights released a final tally, saying 1,284 Gazans were killed and 4,336 wounded, the vast majority civilians. Israel's military said it will investigate charges that its forces used phosphorous shells in a way that burned civilians during the fighting in Gaza. Hamas officials conceded that they are executing Palestinians suspected of collaborating with Israel during the 3-week invasion. Fatah officials said at least 19 of its members have been executed and more brutally tortured. On Sep 9, 2009, the Israeli rights group B'Tselem published figures it said were compiled in months of research, including visits to families of victims. It said 1,387 Gazans were killed, including 773 civilians (including 252 children younger than 16) and 330 combatants. 13 Israelis also died, including 4 civilians.
    (AP, 1/21/09)(SFC, 1/22/09, p.A3)(AP, 9/9/09)

2009        Jan 22, Israel said it is lifting restrictions on foreign journalists entering the Gaza Strip, a ban that had drawn strong criticism from news media.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 22, Pres. Obama named George Mitchell as envoy to the Mideast and Richard Holbrook as envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A1)

2009        Jan 27, Palestinian militants detonated a bomb that killed an Israeli soldier patrolling near Gaza and Israel responded with an airstrike. Not long after the bombing, a 27-year-old Gaza farmer was killed by Israeli gunfire along the border several miles away. An Israeli airstrike wounded 2 men, at least one of whom was a Hamas gunman. Israel closed its crossings into Gaza to humanitarian aid traffic after briefly opening them.
    (AP, 1/27/09)(SFC, 1/28/09, p.A2)

2009        Jan 28, Israeli warplanes struck Gaza smuggling tunnels and a weapons factory. There were no reports of casualties. George Mitchell, Pres. Obama's new Mideast envoy, said a long-term Gaza truce must be based on an end to weapons smuggling to Hamas and the re-opening of the territory's blockaded borders.
    (AP, 1/28/09)(AP, 1/29/09)
2009        Jan 28, Israelís chief rabbinate cut ties with the Vatican to protest the reinstatement of English-born Bishop Richard Williamson (b.1940), who has continued to deny the Holocaust. Williamson was excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church in 1988 because of his unauthorized consecration by French Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, deemed by the Holy See to be "unlawful" and "a schismatic act."
     (WSJ, 1/29/08, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Williamson_(bishop))

2009        Jan 29, George Mitchell, President Barack Obama's Mideast envoy, turned his attention to the Western-backed Palestinian government in the West Bank. Palestinians fired a rocket into Israel, and residents of the south Gaza town of Khan Younis said an Israeli airstrike there wounded an unidentified man on a motorcycle and five passers-by, among them children walking home from school. Senior officials in the Islamic group Hamas indicated a willingness to negotiate a deal for a long-term truce with Israel as long as the borders of Gaza are opened to the rest of the world.
    (AP, 1/29/09)
2009        Jan 29, The UN launched an emergency appeal for $613 million to help Palestinians recover from Israel's three weeks of military operations in Gaza.
    (AP, 1/29/09)
2009        Jan 29, At the economic forum in Davos, Switzerland, Israelís Pres. Peres (85) traded accusations with Turkeyís PM Erdogan, who declared: ďYou kill people," and criticized Israelís blockade of Gaza. Erdogan stalked off stage after being cut short during the exchange.
    (SFC, 1/30/09, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/30/08, p.A1)

2009        Jan 30, An Israeli rights group said it to use a database detailing the complicity of Israel's government in widespread illegal construction in West Bank settlements to help Palestinians file lawsuits over their lost land.
    (AP, 1/30/09)
2009        Jan 30, In Gaza City some 5,000 people rallied as Hamas lawmaker Khalil al-Hayeh emerged from hiding and declared victory in the 23-day Israeli offensive in Gaza.
    (SFC, 1/31/09, p.A5)

2009        Jan 31, Palestinian militants fired a rocket from Gaza that exploded close to the southern Israeli town of Ashkelon without causing any damages or injuries.
    (AP, 1/31/09)

2009        Jan, In northeast Sudan Israel carried out an attack in which at least 30 people were killed, to stop weapons being transported to Gaza during its offensive against Hamas. Reports from Sudan quoted a lone survivor of the attack as saying two planes flew over the convoy then came back and shot up the "four or five" trucks. Israeli aircraft or drones destroyed 23 lorries carrying Iranian arms destined for Hamas. On May 25 Sudanís Defense Minister Gen. Abdul-Rahim Hussein told parliament that the airstrikes killed 56 smugglers and 63 people they were trying to transport across the border to Egypt, including Somali and Ethiopian migrants.
    (Reuters, 3/27/09)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.50)(AP, 5/26/09)

2009        Feb 1, Gaza militants launched at least 10 rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, drawing a threat of "disproportionate" retaliation from Israel's prime minister and further straining a cease-fire that ended Israel's Gaza offensive. Israeli warplanes bombed the area where Hamas smuggles in weapons from Egypt.
    (AP, 2/1/09)(WSJ, 2/2/08, p.A10)

2009        Feb 2, A missile from an Israeli aircraft struck a car traveling in the southern Gaza Strip, killing a Palestinian militant and further straining a truce with the territory's Hamas rulers. Defense Minister Ehud Barak proposed linking Gaza with the West Bank by digging a tunnel through Israeli territory.
    (AP, 2/2/09)(WSJ, 2/3/08, p.A1)

2009        Feb 3, A medium-range rocket from Gaza landed in the Israeli city of Ashkelon. Hamas said it is ready to commit to a yearlong cease-fire with Israel in exchange for a full opening of Gaza's border crossings, ahead of a new round of talks with Egyptian mediators in Cairo.
    (AP, 2/3/09)

2009        Feb 4, Polandís defense minister stated plans to end military missions in Lebanon, the Golan Heights and Chad in an effort to cut spending due to the global economic crisis.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 5, The Israeli navy intercepted a ship delivering 60 tons of supplies to the Gaza Strip from Lebanon in the latest bid to defy Israel's blockade of the militant-held territory.
    (AP, 2/5/09)

2009        Feb 8, Two rockets fired by Palestinian militants struck southern Israel, violating an informal truce even as Israel and Gaza's Hamas rulers appeared to hurry closer to a long-term cease-fire deal two days before Israeli elections.
    (AP, 2/8/09)

2009        Feb 9, A Palestinian fighter died in a clash with Israeli troops and Israeli aircraft attacked two targets in Gaza as mediators tried to broker a long-term cease-fire a day before Israel holds national elections.
    (AP, 2/9/09)

2009        Feb 10, In Israel front-runners moderate Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni and former PM Benjamin Netanyahu made last-minute appeals to voters as polls opened in a close general election whose outcome could determine the course of Mideast peace negotiations.
    (AP, 2/10/09)

2009        Feb 11, Inconclusive election results sent Israel into political limbo with both Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni and hard-line leader Benjamin Netanyahu claiming victory and leaving the kingmaker role to a rising political hawk with an anti-Arab platform.
    (AP, 2/11/09)

2009        Feb 12, Hamas deputy leader Moussa Abu Marzouk told Egypt's official MENA news agency that the Islamic militant group has agreed to an 18-month truce with Israel.
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Feb 13, Two rockets fired by Gaza militants hit near a communal farm and the town of Sderot. An Israeli airstrike on Gaza killed one man and critically wounded another. The men were riding a motorcycle near the town of Khan Younis when they were hit by fire from an Israeli drone.
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Feb 16, Officials said Israel has taken control of a large chunk of land near a prominent West Bank settlement, paving the way for the possible construction of 2,500 settlement homes, in a new challenge to Mideast peacemaking.
    (AP, 2/16/09)

2009        Feb 18, Israel set a series of tough conditions for accepting a proposed cease-fire with Hamas, saying there would be no deal, and no open borders for Gaza, until the Islamic militant group releases a captured Israeli soldier. Israeli planes attacked smuggling tunnels around the Gaza-Egypt border and a disused Hamas security base near the town of Khan Younis.
    (AP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 19, In Israel far-right politician Avigdor Lieberman endorsed Benjamin Netanyahu for Israeli prime minister, all but guaranteeing that Netanyahu will be the country's next leader.
    (AP, 2/19/09)

2009        Feb 20, In Israel Benjamin Netanyahu appealed to his moderate rivals to join him after the hard-liner was formally tapped to put together Israel's next ruling coalition, an alliance that would dilute the power of nationalists bent on derailing Mideast peace talks.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Feb 21, Two rockets were fired from south Lebanon at Israel, with one slamming into a mostly Christian Arab village and causing minor injuries to at least one Israeli.
    (AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 25, Militants in Gaza launched rockets at southern Israel and Israeli planes attacked smuggling tunnels as a stable truce between the two sides remained elusive. Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad said he is seeking $2.8 billion in foreign aid for rebuilding Gaza Strip. The rival Palestinian groups Hamas and Fatah agreed to release each other's loyalists from detention, seeking to lower tensions during reconciliation talks.
    (AP, 2/25/09)

2009        Feb 27, In Israel Benjamin Netanyahu failed to persuade his centrist rival, Tzipi Livni, to join him in a broad coalition, increasing the likelihood that Israel's next government will be an alliance of hawks and hard-line religious parties opposed to substantial concessions for peace.
    (AP, 2/27/09)

2009        Feb 28, Two rockets fired from Gaza crashed into southern Israel, one into a school that was closed for the weekend in the coastal city of Ashkelon and another into an open field.
    (AP, 2/28/09)

2009        Mar 1, Israel's attorney general notified PM Ehud Olmert that he planned to indict him on suspicion of illicitly taking cash-stuffed envelopes from a Jewish-American businessman, a sensational case that turned public opinion so sharply against the Israeli leader that he was forced to resign.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Tony Blair paid his first visit to the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip as envoy of international peace brokers and said reconstruction aid after Israel's offensive would not have a lasting effect without peace. Israelís PM Ehud Olmert threatened painful retaliation against Gaza militants for rockets still hitting Israel, six weeks after its military halted an offensive that was supposed to have stopped them for good.
    (Reuters, 3/1/09)(AP, 3/1/09)

2009        Mar 4, The Israeli military aircraft fired upon three smuggling tunnels along the Gaza-Egypt border. An Israeli missile strike in northern Gaza killed Khaled Shalan, described as a senior Islamic Jihad commander.
    (AP, 3/4/09)(SFC, 3/6/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 5, Israeli airstrikes killed 3 gunmen close to the border after they fired an anti-tank missile at Israeli forces. In Jerusalem Mari al-Radeideh (26), a Palestinian driver, rammed a construction vehicle into a bus and police car on a highway, wounding two officers before he was shot dead, the latest in a string of attacks by militants using heavy machinery against Israeli targets.
    (AP, 3/5/09)(SFC, 3/6/09, p.A3)
2009        Mar 5, The Israeli and Turkish foreign ministers met secretly on the sidelines of a NATO conference, the first high-level contact between the countries since friction erupted over Israel's recent offensive in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/5/09)

2009        Mar 6, The Israeli foreign ministry said it had closed its embassy after the government of Mauritania asked the Israeli ambassador and his staff to leave.
    (AP, 3/6/09)

2009        Mar 12, The Islamic militant group Hamas made a rare criticism of Palestinian rocket fire on Israel, saying now is the wrong time as truce talks continue.
    (AP, 3/12/09)

2009        Mar 13, Tristan Anderson (38) of Oakland, Calif., was wounded in the West Bank village of Naalin, during a protest against Israel's separation barrier. He remained in serious condition after undergoing surgery.
    (AP, 3/14/09)

2009        Mar 15, Two Israeli police officers were shot and killed while traveling near the Jewish settlement of Massua in the West Bank. A few days later the Martyrs of Imad Mughniyeh said it was behind the shooting. The group is named after an assassinated Hezbollah mastermind. Israeli and Palestinian security officials said there is no such group. They believe rogue militants have used the fake name as cover to evade Israeli reprisals.
    (SFC, 3/16/09, p.A2)(AP, 3/16/09)(AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 19, Former Israeli President Moshe Katsav was indicted on rape and other sexual offense charges, after calling off a plea deal that would have allowed him to escape jail time.
    (AP, 3/19/09)

2009        Mar 25, Incoming Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu said his government would be a "partner for peace with the Palestinians," softening his rhetoric a day after the centrist Labor Party joined his coalition in exchange for vaguely worded promises to pursue negotiations.
    (AP, 3/25/09)

2009        Mar 26, An Israeli ministry statement said that in a series of tests this week the iron Dome high-tech system faced rockets of the type fired by Palestinian and Lebanese militants, and operated successfully.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 26, Israeli police said they have seized 15 thousand marijuana water pipes in a raid on a factory in Haifa. Pipes and other drug paraphernalia were banned a few weeks ago and police are cracking down.
    (AP, 3/26/09)

2009        Mar 29, A senior Israeli defense official said Palestinian militants have smuggled nearly 70 tons of explosives and bomb-making materials and other weapons into Gaza since Israel ended an offensive meant to choke off the arms flow.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Mar 31, Israelís parliament approved Benjamin Netanyahu as prime minister. His Cabinet of 29 ministers was among the largest in Israelís history. Israeli forces attacked a group of Palestinian militants along the Gaza-Israel border, killing two gunmen and wounding three others in one of the worst flare-ups of violence since Israel ended its offensive in the territory more than two months ago.
    (SFC, 4/1/09, p.A5)(AP, 3/31/09)

2009        Apr 1, Avigdor Lieberman, Israelís new foreign minister, said Israel will not abide by commitments made to pursue Palestinian statehood at the 2007 Annapolis Peace Summit.
    (WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A1)

2009        Apr 2, A Palestinian militant went on a rampage in the Bat Ayin Jewish settlement in the West Bank, killing an Israeli boy (13) with a pickax and wounding another boy (7) before fleeing the area. On April 14 Israeli authorities detained suspect Moussa Tayet (26).
    (AP, 4/2/09)(AP, 4/26/09)

2009        Apr 3, Israeli police interrogated the country's new hard-line foreign minister for the 2nd straight day in an ongoing bribery investigation that could make his tenure short-lived. Avigdor Lieberman was questioned for five hours about an investigation involving suspicions of receiving bribes, money laundering and breach of trust.
    (AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 3, The UN appointed Richard Goldstone, former chief prosecutor for war crimes in Yugoslavia and Rwanda, to lead a mission to investigate alleged war crimes committed by Israel in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 4/4/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 4, In southern Israel a woman opened fire on a police station Beersheba before officers shot back and killed her, in an apparent Palestinian militant attack. Israeli forces shot and killed two militants who were approaching the Gaza border. Elsewhere in Gaza, militants fired at least two mortar shells toward Israel. There were no reports of damage.
    (AP, 4/4/09)

2009        Apr 7, Israeli police fatally shot a Palestinian motorist as he tried to run over officers guarding the demolition of the home of a militant who killed three Israelis with a construction vehicle in July.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 8, The Passover holiday, which marks the Hebrews' exodus from slavery in Egypt as recounted in the Bible, began this evening with a special meal known as the seder.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, Stone-throwing Israeli settlers and Palestinian villagers clashed near the site of an ax attack last week that killed a Jewish teenager, leaving at least 8 Palestinians wounded.
    (AP, 4/8/09)

2009        Apr 12, Israel's new PM Netanyahu spoke to the Palestinian Pres. Abbas on Easter for the first time since taking office, telling him that he seeks close cooperation to drive peace efforts forward.
    (AP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 13, An unmanned Palestinian fishing boat laden with hundreds of pounds of explosives blew up off the coast of Gaza in what the Israeli military said was an attempt to attack a naval patrol in the area.
    (AP, 4/13/09)

2009        Apr 17, A Palestinian wielding a knife was shot and killed by Jewish settlers after he tried to attack residents of a West Bank settlement. Israeli troops killed a Palestinian during a protest against Israel's separation barrier. The military said protesters threw stones and other objects at security forces during a West Bank demonstration in town of Bilin. Abu Rahmeh (31) was killed when he was hit in the chest by a tear gas canister. On March 31, 2010, the Israeli military said it closed an investigation after determining the canister was not intentionally aimed at Abu Rahmeh.
    (AP, 4/17/09)(AP, 4/1/10)

2009        Apr 18, A Palestinian teen (16) was fatally shot by Israeli troops after throwing firebombs at the gate of the Beit El Jewish settlement in the West Bank. A Palestinian man drove his Mercedes into two Israeli policemen checking motorists at a checkpoint outside Jerusalem. The driver was arrested after he told police he targeted the officers. Officials announced that the border crossing between Gaza and Egypt would be open over the weekend to let medical patients leave the blockaded territory.
    (AP, 4/18/09)

2009        Apr 22, A group of Norwegian lawyers filed a complaint accusing 10 Israelis of war crimes in Gaza under the country's new universal jurisdiction law.
    (AP, 4/22/09)

2009        Apr 24, Jewish settlers, Israeli troops and Palestinian villagers clashed with guns, rocks and tear gas, leaving five Palestinians hospitalized.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 24, Jordan's king recorded an interview urging President Barack Obama to take a more forceful role in the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians, warning of a new Mideast war if there is no significant progress in the next 18 months.
    (AP, 4/26/09)

2009        Apr 26, Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi wrapped up a regional Middle East visit in Damascus saying Israel should return the Golan Heights to Syria.
    (AFP, 4/26/09)

2009        May 1, A UN agency urged Israel to freeze demolitions of Arab homes in east Jerusalem, citing a growing housing crisis in the part of the city the Palestinians claim as their future capital.
    (AP, 5/1/09)

2009        May 2, An Israeli airstrike against smuggling tunnels on the Gaza-Egypt border killed two people.
    (AP, 5/3/09)

2009        May 5, Israeli authorities arrested two Palestinians who tried to sell a looted 1,900-year-old papyrus document in Hebrew worth millions of dollars.
    (AP, 5/6/09)
2009        May 5, The UN chief accused Israel of lying about attacks on United Nations schools and other facilities during the Gaza military campaign, including one reported to have killed more than 40 people, and formally demanded compensation.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 8, In southern Lebanon authorities arrested five people for allegedly spying for Israel as part of the two countries' long-running espionage battle.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 11, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu was in Egypt for talks seen aimed at showing he can be a true Middle East peace partner before he heads to the White House on May 18. Progress in peace negotiations must come before Arab recognition of Israel, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said in an interview with Israel TV.
    (Reuters, 5/11/09)(AP, 5/12/09)
2009        May 11, Pope Benedict XVI confronted the dark history of his native Germany on the first day of his visit to Israel, shaking the hands of six Holocaust survivors and saying victims of the genocide "lost their lives but they will never lose their names." He also called for the establishment of an independent Palestinian homeland, a stance that could put him at odds with his hosts on a trip aimed at improving ties between the Vatican and Jews.
    (AP, 5/11/09)

2009        May 13, Standing in Bethlehem, Pope Benedict XVI told Palestinians he understands their suffering and offered the Vatican's strongest and most symbolic public backing yet for an independent Palestinian homeland.
    (AP, 5/13/09)

2009        May 14, Pope Benedict XVI greeted tens of thousands of adoring followers in Nazareth with a message of reconciliation, urging Christians and Muslims to overcome recent strife and "reject the destructive power of hatred and prejudice."
    (AP, 5/14/09)
2009        May 14, Jordan's king pressed Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu to immediately commit to the establishment of a Palestinian state, as he pursues a sweeping resolution of the Muslim world's conflicts with Israel.
    (AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 15, In Israel Pope Benedict XVI ended his pilgrimage to the Holy Land with his strongest call yet for the creation of a Palestinian state and telling the faithful at the site of Jesus' crucifixion that peace is possible.
    (AP, 5/15/09)

2009        May 16, Ziad al-Homsi, a mayor of a Lebanese village, was arrested by Lebanese special forces and later jailed for 15 years for spying for Mossad. He served three years.
    (AP, 5/7/13)

2009        May 17, Israel's President Shimon Peres urged Syria to open direct peace talks and said indirect negotiations mediated by Turkey had not resumed.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 18, Two Lebanese men suspected of spying for Israel fled across the heavily fortified border to the Jewish state, the second such escape since Lebanon stepped up a campaign of arrests against those thought to be working for its archenemy.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        May 21, Israeli security forces demolished a minor Jewish settlement outpost in the West Bank, three days after President Barack Obama told visiting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that he must halt settlement activity.
    (AP, 5/21/09)

2009        May 22, Israeli troops crossed into Gaza and killed two Palestinian militants who were planting a bomb along the border fence before dawn.
    (AP, 5/22/09)

2009        May 24, Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu said that Israel will continue to build homes in existing West Bank settlements, defying US calls to halt settlement growth.
    (AP, 5/24/09)

2009        May 25, It was reported that a secret Israeli government report said Venezuela and Bolivia are supplying Iran with uranium for its nuclear program.
    (AP, 5/25/09)
2009        May 25, Israeli writer Amos Elon (82), one of the country's leading chroniclers and critics, died in his adopted home of Italy. His best-known book, "The Israelis: Founders and Sons" (1971), stood out as one of the first works by an Israeli to deal with the national aspirations of the Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 28, Israel defied a surprisingly blunt US demand that it freeze all building in West Bank Jewish settlements, saying it will press ahead with construction. Since 1967, Israel has built 121 West Bank settlements, now home to around 300,000 Israelis. An additional 180,000 live in Jewish neighborhoods in east Jerusalem, which, like the West Bank, was captured by Israel in the 1967 Middle East war.
    (AP, 5/28/09)(AP, 6/23/09)

2009        May 30, Ephraim Katzir (b.1916), Israel's 4th president (1973-1978), died. He was an internationally recognized biophysicist and a founder of Israel's renowned Weizmann Institute of Science, where he headed its biophysics department. His work on synthetic protein models deepened understanding of the genetic code and immune responses. Katzir was awarded the Israel Prize, the country's highest honor, in 1959 for his contribution to the natural sciences. He received the Japan Prize in 1985 for his work on immobilized enzymes used in oral antibiotics.
    (AP, 5/30/09)
2009        May 30, Lebanon charged four people with collaborating with Israel, raising to 23 the number of suspected spies who have been charged in the last few months.
    (AP, 5/31/09)

2009        May 31, Israel began the biggest civil defense drill in its history, putting soldiers, emergency crews and civilians through rehearsals for the possibility of war at a time of rising tensions with Iran.
    (AP, 5/31/09)

2009        Jun 1, Israel's PM Netanyahu dismissed the US demand for a settlement freeze as unreasonable, moving closer to a collision with the Obama administration, while mobs of Jewish settlers attacked Palestinian laborers and burned West Bank fields. Israeli settlers waged court battles to evict dozens of Palestinians from homes in an East Jerusalem neighborhood, a move threatening to widen Israel's rift with US President Barack Obama over settlements.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(Reuters, 6/1/09)

2009        Jun 2, In Israel detained a Jewish man for shooting to death a Palestinian in Jerusalem and wounding another Jewish man.
    (AP, 6/2/09)

2009        Jun 3, Israel dismantled a military checkpoint that had significantly impeded Palestinian travel in the West Bank in an apparent goodwill gesture a day before President Barack Obama's much-anticipated address to the Muslim and Arab world.
    (AP, 6/3/09)

2009        Jun 5,  President Barack Obama toured a World War II concentration camp in Germany after prodding the international community to redouble efforts toward separate Israeli and Palestinian states in hopes of resolving a conflict fueled by the Jewish nation's post-Holocaust creation.
    (AP, 6/5/09)
2009        Jun 5, Israeli officials said they will not heed President Barack Obama's powerful appeal to halt all settlement activity on lands the Palestinians claim for a future state, a position that looks sure to cause a policy clash with its most powerful ally. Israeli troops killed a Palestinian man during a demonstration against the construction of the West Bank separation barrier. Yussef Aqil Srour (35) died from a chest wound that appeared to have been caused by live fire. Witnesses said troops fired tear gas, rubber bullets and possibly live rounds at rock-throwing demonstrators in the village of Naalin.
    (AP, 6/5/09)

2009        Jun 8, Gaza militants equipped with explosives-laden horses approached the Israeli border, igniting a battle that left four gunmen dead.
    (AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 14, Israelís PM Netanyahu said that he would accept a Palestinian state, but attached conditions such as having no army that the Palestinians swiftly rejected.
    (AP, 6/15/09)(SFC, 6/15/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 16, A Palestinian military tribunal in a security compound in the West Bank town of Jenin sentenced Taghreed, her last name was not released, to a life term of hard labor. The woman (22) said she became an informer for Israel to earn money that would get her out of prostitution.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 23, Abdel Aziz Duaik, the most senior Hamas leader being held by Israel, was freed after serving the bulk of his three-year sentence.
    (AP, 6/23/09)

2009        Jun 25, Israeli and Palestinian defense officials said Israel has granted US-trained Palestinian security forces greater autonomy in four major West Bank cities. Bowing to pressure from Washington Israeli officials said the army would now reduce its presence in Qalqilya, Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah.
    (AP, 6/25/09)

2009        Jun 26, The Quartet of Mideast negotiators called on Israel to freeze all settlement activity and to lift its blockade on the Gaza Strip. The US, Russia, UN and EU met on the sidelines of a meeting of the Group of Eight foreign ministers, who made a similar call for Mideast peace.
    (AP, 6/26/09)

2009        Jun 29, Israeli court documents indicated the government has approved construction of 50 new housing units in a West Bank settlement to absorb settlers who are to be evicted from a nearby unauthorized outpost.
    (AP, 6/29/09)

2009        Jun 30, The Israeli navy ordered a small ferry carrying medical supplies and foreign peace activists trying to break a blockade of Gaza to turn back. The Israeli navy intercepted the ship and forced it to sail to the Israeli port of Ashdod.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jul 2, Amnesty International accused Israel and Palestinian militants of war crimes in the most comprehensive report on the recent Gaza war. Both sides rejected the findings.
    (AP, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 6, Israel deported Cynthia McKinney, a former US congresswoman, Mairead Corrigan Maguire, a Nobel peace prize laureate, and other activists who were arrested and jailed after trying to break the naval blockade of the Gaza Strip. The Israeli navy seized their boat last week as it tried to sail with medical supplies from Cyprus to Gaza.
    (AP, 7/6/09)

2009        Jul 11, In Israel 2 religious Jews were stabbed and another was beaten in a fight with secular Jews in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 7/11/09)

2009        Jul 13, British and Israeli officials said Britain has revoked several licenses granted to British companies to sell weapons parts to Israel because of concerns over their use in Israel's recent war in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 7/13/09)

2009        Jul 16, In Israel Ultra-Orthodox Jews clashed with police using horses and water cannon in Jerusalem in the third day of rioting over the arrest of a mentally ill Hasidic woman who authorities say was starving her child.
    (AP, 7/16/09)

2009        Jul 20, A Palestinian official said more than 30 Israeli settlers, some of them on horseback, set fire to fields and olive trees and stoned Palestinian cars during a rampage in the West Bank. Two Palestinians were lightly injured.
    (AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Jul 22, Israelís education minister said the Israeli government will remove references to what Palestinians call the "catastrophe" of Israel's creation from textbooks for Arab schoolchildren. The reference to "al-naqba," the Arabic word catastrophe as Palestinians call their defeat and exile in the war over Israel's 1948 creation, was controversially inserted by a dovish education minister for the first time in 2007.
    (AP, 7/22/09)

2009        Jul 23, Israeli defense officials said tests of a missile-defense system meant to shield Israel from Iranian attack were aborted over the past week on three occasions because of various malfunctions.
    (AP, 7/23/09)

2009        Aug 1, In Tel Aviv, Israel, a gunman shot and killed two people, a man (26), who was a counselor at the center, and a girl (17) at a youth club. This was initially considered as the worst ever attack on homosexuals in Israel. Eleven people were wounded, four of them seriously. In 2013 police arrested 4 suspects in connection with the killing and said the shooting was no longer being considered as a hate crime.
    (AP, 8/2/09)(AP, 6/7/13)

2009        Aug 3, Israeli police said that they had broken up an Israeli-American crime ring specializing in tax fraud and money laundering in an operation codenamed "American Pie." The chief suspect was Marvin Berkowitz (62) who holds dual Israeli and US citizenship. Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's ultranationalist foreign minister, promised to step down if he is charged after police recommended that he be indicted for a string of alleged corruption offenses.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, The Palestinian Fatah movement published a new platform saying it will keep pursuing peace talks but reserves the right to resist Israeli occupation.
    (AP, 8/3/09)

2009        Aug 4, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas launched his Fatah movement's first conference in two decades with a call for his people to limit their resistance to Israel to marches and protests and not to abandon peace talks despite years of setbacks.
    (AP, 8/4/09)

2009        Aug 5, Amos Kenan (b.1927), Israeli artist and writer, died in Tel Aviv. As a member of Israel's founding generation his writing and art helped define modern Israeli culture. Kenan was party to several efforts to create an alliance with the Palestinians. He helped pen a 1957 manifesto calling for the creation of a Palestinian state in federation with Israel at a time when few Israelis acknowledged the Palestinians' existence as a national group.
    (AP, 8/5/09)

2009        Aug 9, Gaza militants launched mortar shells at a border crossing between Gaza and Israel just as Palestinian patients were being transferred into Israel for medical treatment.
    (AP, 8/10/09)

2009        Aug 10, Israeli warplanes bombed a smuggling tunnel along the Gaza-Egypt border in response to Palestinian rocket and mortar fire, in a brief flare-up of violence at a time of relative quiet in the volatile Palestinian territory.
    (AP, 8/10/09)

2009        Aug 17, Israeli soldiers mistakenly shot and wounded an Egyptian policeman near Eilat along the border between the two countries.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, In Sweden the Aftonbladet tabloid published an incendiary article claiming that Israeli soldiers had harvested the organs of some Palestinians whom they had shot. Israel quickly denounced the article, while Sweden defended its freedom of expression.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.44)

2009        Aug 18, Israeli government officials said Israel has quietly stopped approving new building projects in the West Bank while publicly still refusing US demands for an official settlement freeze.
    (AP, 8/18/09)
2009        Aug 18, Russia's President Dmitry Medvedev hosted Israeli counterpart Shimon Peres for talks that were expected to focus on the Middle East and the Iranian nuclear standoff.
    (AP, 8/18/09)

2009        Aug 24, Israeli soldiers fired on a group of suspicious Palestinians across the border in northern Gaza. 3 Palestinians were wounded. 2 mortar shells were later fired from Gaza slightly wounding one soldier.
    (SFC, 8/25/09, p.A2)

2009        Aug 25, An Israeli air strike on a smuggling tunnel between the Gaza Strip and Egypt killed three Palestinians and wounded seven.
    (AP, 8/25/09)

2009        Aug 30, Israeli legal authorities indicted former PM Ehud Olmert on corruption charges, the first criminal indictment ever filed against a current or past Israeli prime minister. Olmert was accused of illegally accepting funds from an American backer, double-billing for trips abroad and concealing funds from a government watchdog.
    (AP, 8/30/09)

2009        Sep 1, Mohammed Nayef (14) one of three Palestinians who hurled Molotov cocktails at a guard post near a Jewish settlement in the West Bank, died of gunshot shots from Israeli troops inflicted the previous evening. The Hamas militant group said two of its fighters have been killed in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/1/09)

2009        Sep 4, Arab League chief Amr Moussa, speaking in Italy, said any Israeli offer for a settlement freeze that doesn't include east Jerusalem is unacceptable and "will suspend the peace process." Aides of Israelís PM said Benjamin Netanyahu will approve hundreds of new housing units in West Bank settlements before slowing settlement construction, in an apparent snub of Washington's public demand for a total settlement freeze.
    (AP, 9/4/09)

2009        Sep 7, Israel officially approved the construction of hundreds of new homes in the West Bank, deepening an already unprecedented rift with the US over Israeli settlement expansion. Israel PM Netanyahu vanished from public view in Israel for most of the day. His office said he had visited a secret security facility. It was later confirmed that he had made a secret trip to Russia, which  included a meeting with the Russiaís Pres. Dmitry Medvedev.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(AP, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 8, A security official said Egyptian border guards shot dead four sub-Saharan migrants as they tried to illegally enter Israel.
    (AFP, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 11, A senior Lebanese military official said two rockets were fired toward Israel from the town of Qlaileh inside Lebanon. Israel responded with a barrage of 14 rockets. No injuries or damage were reported.
    (AP, 9/11/09)(SFC, 9/12/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 13, In Israel Capt. Asaf Ramon (21), the son of Ilan Ramon, Israel's first and only astronaut, was killed when his F-16 warplane crashed on a routine training flight. Ilan Ramon was one of seven crew members killed when the Columbia exploded as it re-entered the atmosphere in 2003.
    (AP, 9/14/09)

2009        Sep 15, Israeli and Palestinian activists presented the most detailed vision yet of what a peace deal could look like. It included more than 400 pages crammed with maps, timetables for troop withdrawals and even a list of weapons a non-militarized Palestine would be barred from having. The UN Goldstone Commission accused Israel of having deliberately committed war crimes during its 3-week attack on Gaza in January.
    (AP, 9/15/09)(Econ, 9/19/09, p.14)

2009        Sep 16, Israel rejected UN calls to open an independent inquiry into its conduct in last winter's Gaza Strip war and said it would launch a diplomatic offensive to block any attempt to bring its soldiers before an international war crimes tribunal. The Goldstone Commission report had concluded that Israel committed actions amounting to war crimes during its December incursion into Gaza. It also concluded that there was evidence that Palestinian armed groups had committed war crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(SSFC, 9/20/09, p.A20)
2009        Sep 16, Syrian President Bashar Assad met with Turkey's PM Erdogan in Istanbul to discuss ways to revive the stalled peace process between Syria and Israel, a day after security talks with Iraq collapsed.
    (AP, 9/16/09)

2009        Sep 18, Israelis welcomed the Jewish New Year, grateful for the recent calm spell in the region but skeptical that the coming year would see the achievement of ever-elusive peace. It coincided this year with Eid al-Fitr, a Muslim feast marking the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 18, In Vienna, Austria, a 150-nation IAEA nuclear conference passed a resolution directly criticizing Israel and its atomic program for the first time in 18 years. Iran hailed the vote as a "glorious moment." 49 voted for the resolution. 45 were against and 16 abstained from endorsing or rejecting he document.
    (AP, 9/18/09)

2009        Sep 20, An Israeli border patrol fired at Palestinian militants planting a bomb at the Gaza border fence. 2 men were killed and 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 9/21/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 23, Israel's foreign minister said that the summit of Israeli, US and Palestinian leaders proved Israel could successfully fend off international pressure to freeze West Bank settlement construction.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

2009        Sep 24, Spain said it has disqualified a group of Israeli academics from a solar power design competition because their university is in the West Bank, the latest in a series of low-level European sanctions against Israel over its settlement policy.
    (AP, 9/24/09)

2009        Sep 25, An Israeli airstrike killed 3 members of the Palestinian Jihad movement who were allegedly on their way to fire rockets into Israel.
    (SFC, 9/26/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 27, Israeli police used stun grenades to disperse Palestinian rioters at a volatile Jerusalem site holy to Jews and Muslims. The compound is home to the gold-capped Dome of the Rock and the Al Aqsa mosque, and Muslims see it as their religion's third-holiest site after the Saudi Arabian holy cities of Mecca and Medina. The site has been under Israeli control since 1967, but is administered by a Muslim religious body known as the Waqf.
    (AP, 9/27/09)

2009        Sep, In Israel Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv (99) outlawed the use of elevators. Jewish law, or halacha, forbids the use of electrical items on the Sabbath. He also has proclaimed that Jews could not wear Crocs shoes on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, because they were deemed too comfortable for the somber fasting holiday.
    (AP, 10/27/09)

2009        Oct 1, Israeli authorities charged an enigmatic Russian-born tycoon, who has fled the country, with fraud and money laundering. Prosecutors said Arkady Gaydamak conspired with senior Israeli banking executives to conceal financial activities worth around $175 million.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, A Palestinian decision to suspend the campaign for war crimes prosecutions was first reported as the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva was considering a vote on the Goldstone report. With the Palestinians out of the picture, Arab and Muslim supporters followed suit, and the vote was deferred to March. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas faced growing outrage at home over his decision to withdraw support for the UN report.
    (AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 2, Hamas militants traded a two-minute video showing an apparently unharmed Sgt. Gilad Schalit, a captured Israeli soldier, for 19 Palestinian women held in Israeli jails, the first tangible step toward defusing a key flashpoint in Israeli-Palestinian hostilities.
    (AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 3, The Israeli army carried out airstrikes on a weapons workshop east of Gaza City and two weapons smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border. The strikes were in response to one mortar shell and one rocket fired at Israel from Gaza the day before.
    (AP, 10/3/09)

2009        Oct 6, Israeli police mobilized reinforcements from across the country to secure volatile Jerusalem, deploying thousands of officers on city streets for fears that two days of clashes with Palestinian protesters would escalate.
    (AP, 10/6/09)

2009        Oct 13, A rocket fired by Palestinian militants hit southern Israel.
    (AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Oct 14, Israeli military aircraft struck two smuggling tunnels along the Gaza Strip border in response to a rocket fired by Palestinian militants the previous day. Gaza health officials said four people were slightly injured in the attack.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Israel's foreign minister has ordered ministry officials to summon Turkey's ambassador in Israel and protest to him over a Turkish TV series that reportedly portrays Israeli soldiers murdering children.
    (AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Oct 16, The UN Human Rights Council voted to endorse a Gaza war crimes report and send it to the Security Council, possibly setting up international prosecution of Israelis and Palestinians accused of war crimes.
    (AP, 10/16/09)

2009        Oct 19, Israeli police arrested Donald Edward Nelson (59), a convicted American pedophile, in a hostel in the Old City of Jerusalem. Nelson was convicted last year in a California court on 52 counts of sexual abuse of minors and sentenced to 110 years in prison. He fled the US to avoid being jailed and was hiding out in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 19, American scientist Stewart D. Nozette (52) of Chevy Chase, Md., was arrested for attempted espionage after passing classified information to an undercover FBI agent posing as an Israeli intelligence operative. In 2011 Nozette pleaded guilty to espionage and agreed to a 13-year prison term.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.A5)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A8)

2009        Oct 25, Israeli forces stormed Jerusalem's holiest shrine, firing stun grenades to disperse hundreds of stone-throwing Palestinian protesters in a fresh eruption of violence at the most volatile spot in the country.
    (AP, 10/25/09)

2009        Oct 27, Amnesty International issued a report accusing Israel of pumping disproportionate amounts of drinking water from the Mountain Aquifer it controls in the West Bank, depriving local Palestinians of their fair share.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Lebanon-based militants launched a rocket into northern Israel hitting near the Israeli town of Kiryat Shemona. The attack drew a rapid response from Israeli artillery, which shelled the launch area. No casualties were reported on either side.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Oct 31, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton met with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and aides in the Gulf emirate of Abu Dhabi before flying to Israel, where she is expected to meet senior Israeli officials in a push to restart peace negotiations. A senior Palestinian official said the Palestinians are unlikely to resume negotiations if Israel does not halt Jewish settlement building. After the talks Clinton called for an unconditional resumption of peace talks and welcomed Israel's offer for a slowdown in settlement activity.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 1, The Palestinians accused US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton of undermining progress toward Mideast peace talks after she praised Israel for offering to curb some Jewish settlement construction.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, Israeli security officials said authorities have arrested Jack Teitel (37), a Jewish-American extremist suspected of carrying out a series of high-profile hate crimes.
    (AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Russia Shabattai Kalmanovitch (60), a prominent businessman, was shot dead in Moscow. He had been convicted in Israel in 1987 of being a KGB spy.
    (SFC, 11/3/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 3, Maj. Gen. Amos Yadlin, Israelís military intelligence chief, said Hamas militants in Gaza have successfully test-fired an Iranian rocket able to reach Israel's largest urban center. He said the rocket could fly 37 miles (60km), and strike metropolitan Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 4, Israeli commandos seized a ship that defense officials said was carrying more than 60 tons of missiles, rockets and anti-tank weapons bound for Lebanon's Iranian-backed Hezbollah guerrillas. The vessel Francop was operated by United Feeder Services, a Cyprus-based shipping company that said it picked up the cargo in Damietta, Egypt.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 10, Israel's army chief said Hezbollah guerrillas now possess tens of thousands of rockets, some capable of reaching the country's major cities.
    (AP, 11/10/09)

2009        Nov 11, The Israeli military released a series of documents and photos it said proved Iran was behind a massive shipment of weapons Israel's navy commandos intercepted last week. Among the arms Israel says it found aboard the vessel were 9,000 mortar bombs, 3,000 Katyusha rockets, 3,000 gun shells, 20,000 grenades and over a half million rounds of small arms ammunition.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 13, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian man along the Gaza Strip border, but the circumstances of the incident were unclear.
    (AP, 11/13/09)

2009        Nov 16, Some Israeli troops refused to follow orders during the military's evacuation of settlers at an unauthorized outpost and hoisted a sign opposing settlement evacuations. Four soldiers were sent to a military prison for up to a month, while two others were ordered confined to their base for a month.
    (AP, 11/17/09)

2009        Nov 17, Israel moved to approve a plan to build 900 more housing units in a Jewish neighborhood in the part of Jerusalem claimed by Palestinians, drawing harsh criticism from the United States.
    (AP, 11/18/09)

2009        Nov 18, The Gaza-based Waad charity, headed by the interior minister of the militant Hamas group, offered $1.4 million to any Arab citizen of Israel who abducts an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 11/19/09)

2009        Nov 19, Israeli aircraft struck a weapons-manufacturing facility and two smuggling tunnels in the southern Gaza Strip, in response to recent rocket attacks on Israel.
    (AP, 11/19/09)

2009        Nov 21, Hamas announced that it has reached an agreement with other militant groups in Gaza to stop firing rockets at southern Israeli towns to prevent retaliatory attacks.
    (AP, 11/21/09)

2009        Nov 22, Israeli aircraft attacked two suspected weapons-making factories and a smuggling tunnel in the Gaza Strip in what the military said was retaliation for Palestinian rocket fire into southern Israel.
    (AP, 11/22/09)

2009        Nov 24, Israel carried out three airstrikes in the Gaza Strip, targeting a weapons-manufacturing facility and weapons smuggling tunnels. They came in response to two rockets Palestinian militants fired at southern Israel from Gaza a day earlier. Gaza's Islamic Hamas rulers reported that two of the group's militants were killed when a rocket they were handling blew up prematurely.
    (AP, 11/24/09)

2009        Nov 25, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu proposed a 10-month freeze on West Bank settlement construction in what he says is an attempt to jumpstart Mideast peace talks. The freeze would not include east Jerusalem, the area of the holy city claimed by the Palestinians for a future capital.
    (AP, 11/25/09)

2009        Nov 27, The Israel air force attacked a group of Palestinian militants in northern Gaza as they were about to fire rockets at Israel. Palestinian medics said 4 militants were wounded. The Israeli military said one member of the squad was killed.
    (SFC, 11/28/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 1, Israel sternly warned the EU against recognizing east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital, saying such a move would damage Europe's credibility as a Mideast mediator. Sweden, the current EU president, was floating an initiative to recognize east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 2, Israeli police arrested the mayor of a West Bank Jewish settlement after protesters blocked security forces from entering the community to enforce a construction freeze. The Haaretz daily reported that Israel's Interior Ministry revoked the residency of 4,577 east Jerusalemites in 2008, more than 20 times the annual average of the previous 40 years.
    (AP, 12/2/09)

2009        Dec 6, Israeli settlers blocked roads, scuffled with police and pelted officers with eggs, in the most aggressive display of resistance yet to the government's ban on new housing construction in West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 12/6/09)

2009        Dec 8, EU nations agreed that Jerusalem should be the capital of both Israel and a future Palestinian state, assuaging Israeli anger over earlier mention of east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital. An earlier proposal by the Swedish EU presidency, to explicitly support the idea of east Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state, was dropped by the foreign ministers.
    (AFP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, The Palestinians announced a boycott of Israeli products made in the West Bank, stepping up their campaign against Israeli settlements.
    (AP, 12/8/09)

2009        Dec 9, Some 10,000 West Bank settlers turned out to support resistance to a government ban on most new housing.
    (SFC, 12/10/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 10, Abdullah Abu Rahmeh (38), a teacher and leader of the most persistent Palestinian protest movement against Israel's West Bank separation barrier, was arrested by Israeli troops in a pre-dawn raid.
    (AFP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 11, Assailants in the West Bank vandalized a Palestinian mosque, burning prayer carpets and holy books, and leaving behind Hebrew graffiti indicating the rampage was the work of settlers angry over Israel's plans to curb settlement construction.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 12, A Palestinian man made homeless by last winter's Gaza war was the first to receive a UN-funded mud brick home, with UN aid officials saying they're reverting to ancient building techniques because Israel won't allow concrete and other construction materials into blockaded Gaza. A Palestinian farmer was killed when he was caught in the crossfire of a shootout between militants and Israeli soldiers in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AFP, 12/12/09)

2009        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of Hamas supporters thronged downtown Gaza City to mark the 22nd anniversary of the group's founding. Hamas PM Ismail Haniya told tens of thousands of Hamas supporters his group remains committed to the elimination of Israel.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(AFP, 12/14/09)

2009        Dec 15, Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu rejected the issuing in Britain of an arrest warrant against Israel's former foreign minister Tzipi Livni for alleged war crimes. She was targeted by Palestinians for her role in last winter's brutal offensive against Hamas in Gaza, when she was foreign minister.
    (AP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 19-2009 Dec 20, In Israel parts of a 2000 interview were broadcast on Channel 2 TV over the weekend describing how forensic pathologists in the 1990s harvested organs from dead bodies, including Palestinians, without permission of their families. The Israeli military confirmed that the practice took place and said it had stopped in 2000.
    (AP, 12/20/09)

2009        Dec 24, About 200 Israeli teenagers soon to be drafted sent a letter to Israel's defense minister, saying they won't enforce any military orders to dismantle settlements in the West Bank because that violates Jewish law. An Israeli settler was shot dead when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on his vehicle in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/24/09)(AFP, 12/24/09)

2009        Dec 26, Israeli soldiers stormed homes in the West Bank, killing three Palestinians suspected in the fatal shooting of an Israeli and testing an uneasy security arrangement with Palestinian authorities.
    (AP, 12/26/09)

2009        Dec 28, Israel said that it will build nearly 700 new apartments in east Jerusalem, drawing tough criticism from both the Palestinians and the United States, which denounced the plan as an obstacle to peacemaking.
    (AP, 12/28/09)

2009        Dec 29, Egypt's top diplomat said Israel's PM Netanyahu presented Egypt with ideas for restarting Mideast peace talks, impressing his hosts with proposals that go further than past Israeli positions.
    (AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 30, It was reported that Israel's Supreme Court has ordered the military to let Palestinians travel on the part of Route 443 that runs through the West Bank, which was closed in 2002. The court gave the military five months to implement the ruling.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Dec 31, Hundreds of demonstrators rallied on opposite sides of an Israeli-Gaza border crossing to protest the blockade of the seaside territory imposed by Egypt and Israel. Gaza's Hamas parliament approved a government budget of $540 million for 2010, suggesting that a tight border blockade isn't stopping the cash flow to the Islamic militants. The Hamas government has about 32,000 people on its payroll, including civil servants and members of the security forces. About $30 million of the budget would go to Arab residents of Jerusalem and Islamic sites in the city.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/2/10)

2009        Israeli Rabbi Yosef Elitzur-Hershkowitz co-authored ďTeachings of the King," a book that discusses when it is permissible for Jews to kill non Jews. He was detained in 2010 on charges that included incitement to racism.   
    (SFC, 8/20/10, p.A2)
2009        Dan Senor and Saul Singer authored ďStart-Up Nation: The Story of Israelís Economic Miracle."
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.78)
2009        Avi Shlaim authored ďIsrael and Palestine: Reappraisals, Revisions, Refutations."
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.98)

2010        Jan 2, Israeli warplanes struck and destroyed two tunnels under Gaza's border with Israel. The Israeli military says Gaza militants had planned to use the tunnels to enter Israel and carry out attacks.
    (AP, 1/2/10)

2010        Jan 4, Israel approved construction of four new apartment buildings in disputed east Jerusalem, fueling tensions with the Palestinians at a time when the US is laboring to get peace talks moving again.
    (AP, 1/5/10)

2010        Jan 6, Israel announced it successfully tested a high-tech shield against future mortar and rocket attacks from the Hamas-ruled territory. Once installed later this year, the Iron Dome system could deprive Hamas of an important means of threatening Israel.
    (AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Jan 7, Gaza militants fired at least 10 mortar shells at Israel, causing no injuries or damage. international activists delivered hundreds of tons of medicine and humanitarian aid to Gaza. The convoy was led by maverick British lawmaker George Galloway, who said the group "will be back with more (aid) until this criminal siege imposed on the people of Gaza, to punish them for how they voted in a free election, is lifted."
    (AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Jan 8, Israeli airstrikes against targets in Gaza killed three men in a smuggling tunnel along the Gaza-Egypt border.
    (AP, 1/8/10)
2010        Jan 8, Israeli cooks doubled the previous record for the world's biggest serving of hummus, set in October by cooks in Lebanon. An adjudicator sent from London by Guinness World Records, Jack Brockbank, confirmed that Israeli chefs now held the record for hummus. He put the exact amount of hummus in a giant satellite dish at 9,017 pounds (4,090 kg).
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 10, Israel's government approved a plan for the construction of two massive fences along the long and porous southern border with Egypt. PM Netanyahu said he wants to stem a growing flood of African asylum seekers and to prevent Islamic militants from entering the country. The project is expected to cost about $400 million.
    (AP, 1/11/10)

2010        Jan 11, Israel's parliament adopted legislation that bans the state from paying for the funeral of any citizen who commits terror attacks against the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 1/12/10)

2010        Jan 12, Israeli police broke up the harem of Goel Ratzon (60), who was suspected of enslaving a cult-like harem of at least 17 women and 37 children. Ratzon, who's lived this way for two decades, denied any wrongdoing. He maintained the harem with 17 women in a state of near-total obedience in apartments in the Tel Aviv area. On Feb 14 he was charged in a Tel Aviv court with enslavement, rape, incest and other sexual offenses.
    (AP, 1/14/10)(AP, 2/8/10)(AP, 2/14/10)

2010        Jan 14, In Jordan there was an attack on a convoy of Israeli diplomats heading home for the weekend. It was the first roadside bombing in Jordan and exposed a security gap for Israeli diplomats. On Jan 31 a Jordanian security official said authorities have arrested dozens of Muslim militants in connection with the failed bomb attack.
    (AP, 1/31/10)

2010        Jan 16, In Israel the Yediot Ahronot daily reported that Lillian Peretz, who worked as the Netanyahu family housekeeper in their beachside home in the town of Caesaria for six years, has filed a lawsuit accusing Sara Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister's 3rd wife, of abusing her in the first scandal to hit Benjamin Netanyahu's year-old administration. Peretz claims Sara Netanyahu verbally abused her and forced her to change clothes and shower several times a day to keep a "sterile" environment. It also alleges she was paid less than minimum wage and forced to work on the Jewish Sabbath even though she is an observant Jew.
    (AP, 1/17/10)(Econ, 1/23/10, p.45)

2010        Jan 17, Israel's Defence Minister Ehud Barak began a one-day visit to Turkey. Israel and Turkey said they had smoothed over differences following a diplomatic spat and were working to develop relations and further military projects.
    (AFP, 1/17/10)(AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Jan 18, Israel's Cabinet convened for the first time in Berlin, the former heart of the Nazi regime, for a special joint session with the German government highlighting the two nations' strong bond six decades after the Holocaust.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, Israeli police arrested 9 people at a radical Jewish settlement in connection with the Dec 11, 2009, torching of a West Bank mosque and other attacks on Palestinian property.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, In Egypt and Israel heavy rains and flash floods left seven people dead, including a British tourist who was killed when a sailboat capsized on the Nile River.
    (AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 20, Israel deported Jared Malsin, the American editor of a Palestinian news agency, back to NYC after he was questioned about his ďanti-Israeli" views. Malsin was the chief English editor of the Maan News Agency based in Bethlehem.
    (SFC, 1/21/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 20, In Jerusalem, Israel, burglars broke into the Ashdod Museum where hundreds of artifacts recovered from the black-market were on show and snatched several valuable items, including a silver ring belonging to Alexander the Great and gold earrings.
    (Reuters, 1/21/10)
2010        Jan 20, Mahmoud al-Mabhouh (b.1960), one of the founders of Hamas' military wing, was poisoned and electrocuted overnight in his hotel room in Dubai. Al-Mabhouh was involved in the kidnapping and killing of two Israeli soldiers in 1989. On Jan 29 Hamas accused Israeli agents of assassinating the veteran operative. In 2013 it was reported that Ben Zygier took part in the killing by a Mossad hit-team of Hamas operative Mahmoud al-Mahbouh.
    (AP, 1/29/10)(Reuters, 2/14/13)

2010        Jan 24, Israel's PM Netanyahu declared that his country would retain parts of the West Bank forever, a statement that infuriated Palestinians and could complicate the year-old peace mission of visiting US envoy George Mitchell.
    (AP, 1/24/10)

2010        Jan 25, Sara Netanyahu sued the Maariv daily for libel and defamation of character, claiming it is "maliciously trying to humiliate" her. A story on Jan 22 stated that Mrs. Netanyahu fired a 70-year-old gardener at the prime minister's official residence. The gardener had lost a son in one of Israel's wars.
    (AP, 1/26/10)

2010        Jan 31, An Egyptian security official said 25 Egyptians were arrested on suspicion of planning a bombing attack against Jewish pilgrims in the country and belonging to a militant Islamist group. The suspects, rounded up over the past few weeks in the Nile Delta governorate of Daqahlia, were found in possession of explosives and rudimentary rocket warheads.
    (AFP, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 1, In Israel two barrels, each containing 22 pounds (10kg) of explosives, washed up on Israel's shores late in the day. No one was hurt. Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip said the failed attempt to send floating bombs toward Israeli beaches was meant to avenge the mysterious death of a Hamas commander in Dubai.
    (AP, 2/2/10)
2010        Feb 1, Seven American and European scientists were named winners of Israel's prestigious $100,000 Wolf Prize. Its prize in medicine went to Axel Ullrich of Germany for groundbreaking cancer research that has led to development of new drugs. Sir David Baulcombe of Cambridge University was awarded for agriculture research in defending plants against viruses. The physics prize was shared by US professor John F. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France and Anton Zeilinger of Austria for their work in quantum physics. The mathematics prize was shared by two US-based professors: Shing-Tung Yau for geometric analysis, and Dennis Sullivan for contributions to algebraic topology and conformal dynamics. The Wolf Foundation was founded by the late German-born Dr. Ricardo Wolf, an inventor, philanthropist and former Cuban ambassador to Israel.
    (AP, 2/1/10)

2010        Feb 3, Israel announced that British and American architects were named winners of its prestigious Wolf Prize. British architect David Chipperfield was recognized for overseeing the reconstruction of Berlin's Neues Museum in a building that had been abandoned since World War II. American architect Peter Eisenman designed the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin, inaugurated in 2005.
    (AP, 2/3/10)

2010        Feb 8, Israeli security forces raided a Palestinian refugee camp in annexed east Jerusalem, arresting 11 people in an operation police said was aimed at putting "some order" in the area. Israel's Supreme Court ordered authorities to release two foreign activists seized in a Palestinian-controlled part of the West Bank. Ariadna Jove Marti of Spain and Bridgette Chappell of Australia, had been in a pre-dawn raid on their apartment in the heart of Ramallah.
    (AFP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 10, An Israeli TV station said it has uncovered evidence that Palestinian Authority officials have stolen millions of dollars in public funds.
    (AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 11, Opponents of Israel's contentious separation barrier in the West Bank scored a long-awaited victory when the government began rerouting the enclosure to eat up less of a Palestinian village that has become a symbol of anti-wall protests and the site of frequent clashes. A Palestinian militant was killed and two young girls wounded by Israeli fire in the Gaza Strip in two separate incidents.
    (AP, 2/11/10)(AFP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 15, Israel's PM Netanyahu called for "crippling sanctions" against Iran over its nuclear program after a meeting in Moscow with Russia's top officials, whom he praised for showing "an understanding" over the issue.
    (AP, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 18, Dubai police directly accused Israel's Mossad spy agency of orchestrating the Jan 19 hit squad slaying of a Hamas commander as the number of suspects rose to 18.
    (AP, 2/18/10)

2010        Feb 20, Israeli forces wounded at least four Palestinians in a firefight in the southern Gaza Strip and two more in the West Bank as they tried to cross into Israel. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade issued a joint statement saying their men had "attacked four Israeli army jeeps with rocket-propelled grenades, and they responded with machine-gun fire from an assault helicopter and tank fire."
    (AFP, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 21, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu told his Cabinet that the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron and Rachel's Tomb near Bethlehem are additions to the list of national heritage sites. Israel's air force introduced a fleet of large unmanned planes that can fly as far as Iran. Air force officials said the Heron TP drones can fly 20 consecutive hours, and are primarily used for surveillance and carrying payloads. Israeli shelling wounded five Palestinian day laborers along the northern border of the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 2/21/10)(AFP, 2/21/10)

2010        Feb 22, A crowd of Palestinian youths in Hebron pelted Israeli soldiers with stones and empty bottles, drawing tear gas and stun grenades in the most serious violence to rock this volatile West Bank city in months.
    (AP, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 24, Dubai police linked at least 15 more suspects carrying foreign passports to the Jan 19 hit squad slaying of a Hamas commander that the police chief claimed was likely carried out by Israel's Mossad secret service.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 24, Israel's Haaretz daily said Mosab Hassan Yousef, son of one of Hamas' founders, was one of the Shin Bet security service's most valuable sources. Dubbed as "the Green Prince" by his handlers he served as a top informant for Israel for more than a decade. Yousef's memoir, "Son of Hamas," was to be published next week in the US by Tyndale House Publishers.
    (AP, 2/24/10)
2010        Feb 24, A Nobel official said Israeli nuclear whistleblower Mordechai Vanunu has asked the Nobel Peace Prize committee to disregard his nomination for the prestigious award.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 28, In Israel 16 people including two Israeli policemen were wounded in clashes at Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound, after police entered to arrest Palestinians who had hurled rocks at visitors they believed were Jewish extremists.
    (AFP, 2/28/10)
2010        Feb 28, Dubai police said forensic tests show a Hamas operative, who was killed on Jan 19 in his hotel room by an alleged Israeli hit squad, was drugged with a fast-acting muscle relaxant and then suffocated with a pillow.
    (AP, 2/28/10)

2010        Mar 3, Arab nations gave the green light for Palestinians to enter indirect negotiations with Israel for a preliminary four-month period, a decision likely to break the months-long deadlock over resuming Mideast peace talks.
    (AP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 4, Israel's Supreme Court reprimanded Jerusalem police for not permitting groups to protest the eviction of Palestinians from their homes in favor of Jewish settlers.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 5, In Israel clashes erupted between Muslim worshippers and Israeli riot police at a sacred and disputed hilltop compound following a sermon on a recent Israeli decision to include two West Bank shrines on a list of national heritage sites.
    (AP, 3/5/10)

2010        Mar 7, A skeptical Palestinian leadership agreed to hold US-mediated peace talks with Israel for four months, effectively ending a 14-month breakdown in communications between the two sides.
    (AP, 3/7/10)

2010        Mar 8, Israel said it has given the green light for the building of 112 new homes in a Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank despite a partial moratorium on such construction.
    (AFP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, David Kimche, a British-born Israeli spy-turned-diplomat, died in Israel. He played a key role in the Iran-contra scandal that rocked President Ronald Reagan's administration.
    (AP, 3/9/10)

2010        Mar 9, US Vice President Joe Biden visited Israel and pledged Washington's full commitment to Israel's security while throwing his weight behind a renewal of Middle East peace talks after a 14-month hiatus. Biden assured Israel of Washington's commitment to its security and preventing Iran from producing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 3/9/10)(Reuters, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, Israeli officials said Israel wants to build a nuclear power plant, a move that could bring new attention to the country's secretive nuclear activities.
    (AP, 3/9/10)

2010        Mar 10, US Vice President Joe Biden met Palestinian leaders, telling them Israel's decision to expand settlement activity in east Jerusalem is undermining the peace efforts he is promoting.
    (AFP, 3/10/10)
2010        Mar 10, Qatar's PM Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem al-Thani said Arab states will respond to Israel's recent decision to expand an east Jerusalem settlement.
    (AFP, 3/10/10)

2010        Mar 13, Several dozen Palestinian women scuffled with Israeli troops on the outskirts of Jerusalem amid rising religious and political tensions in the disputed city.
    (AP, 3/13/10)

2010        Mar 14, Israeli security services overnight captured Maher Uda (47), a top Hamas commander, in Ramallah. He had been on the run for more than a decade for his implication in a series of suicide attacks in Israel which claimed 70 lives.
    (AFP, 3/14/10)

2010        Mar 15, Israelís Haaretz newspaper said Egyptian security officials have arrested Yotam Feldman, an Israeli journalist, as he tried to sneak across the porous Israeli-Egyptian border with African migrants. Feldman told his investigators he was reporting on African migrants sneaking into Israel from Egypt. Feldman returned home on March 22, saying he had been beaten in captivity and that some of his materials had been confiscated.
    (AP, 3/15/10)(AP, 3/22/10)

2010        Mar 16, Hundreds of Palestinians clashed with security forces in east Jerusalem as tension boiled over in the city and a senior Hamas leader called for a new "intifada," or uprising.
    (AFP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 17, Israel lifted its tight restrictions on Palestinian access to Jerusalem's holiest shrine and called off an extended West Bank closure after days of clashes between Palestinians and Israeli security forces.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 17, In Ramallah Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva placed a wreath on the tomb of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and sharply criticized Israeli policies, leading Israeli officials to suggest he was not being evenhanded. The visit came a day after Israel's hawkish foreign minister, Avigdor Lieberman, said he boycotted meetings with Silva because the Brazilian did not pay a similar visit to the grave of Zionist founder Theodor Herzl.
    (AP, 3/18/10)

2010        Mar 18, A rocket fired by Palestinian militants from the Gaza Strip killed a Thai worker inside Israel, in the first death from such an attack since Israel's Gaza offensive last year. Israeli missiles hit smuggling tunnels and a metal workshop in Gaza.
    (AP, 3/18/10)(AP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 18, Israeli copycat drugs giant Teva made a major stride into Europe with the five-billion-dollar purchase of Ratiopharm, formerly owned by a German billionaire who killed himself.
    (AFP, 3/18/10)

2010        Mar 19, Palestinians in east Jerusalem and the West Bank lobbed rocks at Israeli security forces, set garbage bins and tires ablaze and torched an Israeli flag in a new outbreak of violence over contested Jerusalem building plans and unsubstantiated rumors about threats to the city's holiest shrine. Israeli aircraft fired five missiles at Gaza's defunct airport and nearby border tunnels, wounding at least 12 people.
    (AP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 19, In Russia the international Quartet for the Middle East met in Moscow in a bid to revive the peace process despite tensions after Israel's announcement of new settler homes and a deadly rocket attack.
    (AFP, 3/19/10)

2010        Mar 20, UN chief Ban Ki-moon, after getting a closer look at some of the Israeli enclaves scattered across Palestinian-claimed territories, said Israeli settlement building anywhere on occupied land is illegal and must be stopped.
    (AP, 3/20/10)

2010        Mar 22, Israeli forces mistakenly shot and killed a fellow soldier while looking for three Palestinians who crossed the border from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/22/10)

2010        Mar 23, The Macro Centre for Political Economics said in a report that spending on Jewish settlements in the West Bank over the past 4 decades has totaled around $17.4 billion. An Israeli air strike on the Gaza Strip overnight injured four people.
    (AP, 3/23/10)(AFP, 3/23/10)
2010        Mar 23, Britain expelled an Israeli diplomat to rebuke Israel for its alleged use of forged British passports in the assassination of a Hamas operative in a suspected Mossad hit.
    (AP, 3/23/10)
2010        Mar 23, Talks between US President Barack Obama and Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu failed to produce signs they had ended a dispute which Netanyahu said could block the Middle East peace process for a year.
    (AFP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 24, The Jerusalem municipality said it has approved 20 new apartments for Jews in an Arab neighborhood of east Jerusalem, in a move that could stir a new diplomatic crisis with the United States just as Israel's leader is in Washington on a fence-mending visit.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 26, Israel insisted it would continue construction in contested east Jerusalem, taking an uncompromising stance against US pressure following a tense visit by PM Benjamin Netanyahu to Washington. Two Israeli soldiers and two Palestinian militants were killed in a gunbattle in the Gaza Strip. Palestinian medics said one civilian was killed and seven were wounded in the fighting. Militants reported one wounded and one missing. Israeli soldier withdrew the next day.
    (AP, 3/26/10)(AP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 26, Tens of thousands of Syrians and Palestinians gathered in a Damascus square in a government-orchestrated "march of anger" against Israeli settlements in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 3/26/10)

2010        Mar 28, Israel said it will restrict access to its territory from the occupied West Bank starting late today ahead of the week-long Jewish Passover holiday.
    (AP, 3/28/10)

2010        Apr 1, An Israeli military judge ordered the release of 10 Palestinians, including a senior Fatah official, detained at a March 27 protest march through a West Bank checkpoint.
    (AFP, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 2, It was reported that researchers, at Israeli weapons maker Rafael, were putting the final touches on a tank-mounted miniature anti-missile system, Trophy, that detects incoming projectiles and shoots them down before they reach tanks equipped with the system.
    (AP, 4/2/10)

2010        Apr 4, Israel allowed the first commercial shipment of clothes and shoes into the Gaza Strip since 2008 but said its policy towards the territory's Hamas rulers had not changed.
    (AP, 4/4/10)

2010        Apr 6, Israel began distributing millions of protection kits against biochemical warfare, Deputy Defence Minister Matan Vilnai announced, stressing the campaign was not linked to any imminent threat.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 7, Israelís police said 6 Israelis have been detained on suspicion of running an international organ trafficking ring and breaking promises to donors to pay for their removed kidneys.
    (AP, 4/7/10)

2010        Apr 8, Israel lifted months of censorship on a military espionage case, confirming the house arrest of Anat Kamm (23), a former female soldier, charged with leaking more than 2,000 military documents to a newspaper. She had been arrested in Dec 2009. PM Netanyahu abruptly called off a trip to Washington just days before he was slated to attend a conference there on the spread of nuclear weapons, fearing Israel would be singled out over its own nuclear program. On Oct 31, 2011, Kamm was sentenced to 4 Ĺ years in prison. In Dec 2012, her sentence was cut by a year, to 3 Ĺ years. Anat Kam was freed on Jan 26, 2014.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)(AP, 10/31/11)(AP, 12/31/12)(AFP, 1/26/14)

2010        Apr 11, Israel's military issued new orders that human rights groups warned could lead to the expulsion of tens of thousands of Palestinians from the West Bank. The orders have been posted on the Web site of the military prosecutor and are to go into effect April 13.
    (AP, 4/11/10)

2010        Apr 13, Gaza's Hamas rulers ordered residents to shut smuggling tunnels along the border with Egypt indefinitely, cutting off the economic lifeline for 1.5 million Palestinians in the impoverished territory. An Israeli spokesman said at least 2 Palestinian militants were killed and 2 wounded when Israeli troops shot at them as they tried to plant explosives near the border.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(SFC, 4/14/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 13, Israel's Supreme Court permitted an Israeli-Arab author to travel to Lebanon to receive a literary award. Ala Hlehel (35) was invited to the Beirut39 Festival this week, but laws in enemy nations prevented him from going. Hlehel is acclaimed for a collection of short stories called "The Circus" and a play.
    (AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 14, Israeli police arrested Uri Lupolianski, a former mayor of Jerusalem (2003-2008), in connection with a multimillion-dollar bribery scandal that has been linked to a key confidant of former PM Ehud Olmert. The bribes were allegedly given during construction of the massive Holyland complex in the 1990s.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.47)(AFP, 1/5/12)

2010        Apr 15, Israel customs officials said they already have confiscated about 10 iPads since Israel announced new regulations this week. The iPad banned anyone from bringing an iPad into the country until officials certify that they are in compliance with local transmitter standards. Israel lifted a ban on April 25.
    (AP, 4/15/10)(AP, 4/25/10)

2010        Apr 16, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian militant along the border fence between Israel and the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip as he planted a bomb along the fence. Palestinian residents and the Israeli military said Jewish settlers vandalized property overnight in the Palestinian village of Jen Safout in the West Bank. Raed Hamad (27), a Palestinian prisoner, died in an Israeli prison. he had been in solitary confinement for the last 18 months. Lawyer Tareq Barghouth said his client required psychological help but none was provided during his five years in detention.
    (AP, 4/16/10)(AP, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 16, Lebanese residents dismantled a barbed wire fence set up by Israeli troops in a disputed border area, leading to a call for restraint by UN peacekeepers in the tense region. Army clashes with a powerful clan in the eastern Lebanese city of Baalbek wounded 10 people, including five soldiers.
    (AFP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 17, Hamas and Fatah closed ranks to mark Palestinian Prisoners' Day to protest against Israel for continuing to keep some 6,600 Palestinian militants in jail. This was the first joint initiative by the bitter rivals since Fatah was routed from Gaza in 2007.
    (AFP, 4/17/10)(Econ, 5/1/10, p.48)

2010        Apr 19, Israeli Defense minister Ehud Barak said Israel must recognize that the world will not put up with decades more of Israeli rule over the Palestinian people.
    (AP, 4/19/10)

2010        Apr 22, Israel unveiled an indictment against five of its citizens, including a retired army general, charging them with operating a nationwide organ trafficking ring that ensnared dozens of potential victims.
    (AP, 4/22/10)

2010        Apr 23, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas rejected the establishment of a Palestinian state within temporary borders, an idea he said was recently proposed for restarting peace talks.
    (AP, 4/24/10)

2010        Apr 24, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas called for an "open political dialogue" between Palestinian groups and both Israeli and Jewish organizations around the world.
    (AFP, 4/24/10)

2010        Apr 26, Municipal officials said the Israeli government has imposed a de facto freeze on new Jewish construction in Jerusalem's disputed eastern sector. The decision was made despite PM Benjamin Netanyahu's public insistence that building would not be stopped in the face of US pressure. Israeli troops killed Hamas activist Ali Sweiti, a wanted Palestinian militant in a raid on a West Bank house. Sweiti was wanted in five shooting attacks, one of which killed a paramilitary policeman in 2004.
    (AP, 4/26/10)
2010        Apr 26, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas signed a law banning Palestinians from working in Israeli settlements and selling settlement goods, with violators facing up to five years in prison and stiff fines.
    (AP, 4/26/10)

2010        Apr 30, Hezbollah's leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah said in published remarks that Hezbollah can strike infrastructure deep inside Israel if a new war breaks out, but refused to confirm whether or not the Lebanon-based militants have long-range Scud missiles.
    (AP, 4/30/10)

2010        Apr, Israelís Defense Minister Ehud Barak announced that Gen. Ashkenazi's four-year term would not be extended by a year, as is customary. In 2011 it was reported that the action was a result of Ashkenaziís objection to a proposal to attack Iranian nuclear sites.
    (Reuters, 1/12/11)

2010        May 1, Arab nations endorsed indirect peace talks between the Palestinians and Israelis, a move that likely paves the way for the start of long-stalled US-brokered negotiations.
    (AP, 5/1/10)

2010        May 2, Moshe Hirsch (86), an American-born anti-Zionist rabbi and close associate of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, died in Jerusalem. Hirsch was a leading figure in Neturei Karta, a tiny ultra-Orthodox sect that opposes Israel's existence as a Jewish state and has embraced its enemies. Neturei Karta, which is Aramaic for "Guardians of the City," was founded some 70 years ago in Jerusalem by Jews who opposed the drive to establish the state of Israel.
    (AP, 5/3/10)

2010        May 3, The leaders of Israel and Egypt met to discuss the renewal of the Middle East peace process ahead of US-backed indirect negotiations between the Palestinians and the Jewish state.
    (AP, 5/3/10)
2010        May 3, A team of Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian environmental scientists said large stretches of the biblical Jordan River could dry up by 2011. In 1847, a US Naval officer visiting the area reported on the "deafening roar of the tumultuous waters."
    (AP, 5/4/10)
2010        May 3, Rabbi David Forman, founder of Rabbis for Human Rights, a prominent group defending Palestinians, died in Dallas, Texas. Forman founded Rabbis for Human Rights in 1988 and led it until 1992. He served as its chairman again from 2002-2003.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 4, Fires ripped through a mosque and an olive grove in two West Bank villages, and local Palestinians accused Jewish settlers of deliberately setting the blazes.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 5, US mediator George Mitchell launched Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations after a break of more than a year, starting a shuttle mission between a hard-line Israeli government and a Palestinian administration in control of only part of its territory.
    (AP, 5/5/10)
2010        May 5, Yukiya Amano, the head of the UN atomic watchdog, asked for international input on an Arab-led push to have Israel join the Nonproliferation Treaty, in a move that adds to pressure on the Jewish state to disclose its unacknowledged nuclear arsenal.
    (AP, 5/6/10)

2010        May 6, Israel declined to address the international pressure that's been mounting for it to join the nuclear nonproliferation treaty, saying only that its refusal to acknowledge or deny it possesses atomic weapons is a pillar of its military deterrence.
    (AP, 5/6/10)

2010        May 9, The Palestinians announced the official start of indirect peace talks with Israel after a 17-month breakdown, while Israel's leader urged a quick transition to face-to-face negotiations to tackle the hardest issues. Israeli-Arab leaders launched a boycott of 1000 companies that produce Jewish settlement-made products, following Palestinian Authority Pres. Abbasí call for a similar ban by West Bank Arabs.
    (AP, 5/9/10)(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.A4)

2010        May 10, Israel said it will press forward with construction of new housing for Jews in east Jerusalem, drawing Palestinian accusations that the plans could undermine newly relaunched peace talks. Israeli police said two Israeli Arabs were under arrest on suspicions they spied for the Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas. Police detained Amir Makhoul, the brother of a former member of Israel's parliament, on April 26 and the other suspect on May 6.
    (AP, 5/10/10)
2010        May 10, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) accepted Israel into its ranks, capping a lengthy effort by the Jewish state to join the exclusive club in the face of stiff opposition from the Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/10/10)

2010        May 11, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman accused nuclear power North Korea of supplying Syria with weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 5/11/10)
2010        May 11, Russia's Pres. Medvedev said that Israeli-Arab tensions threaten to draw the Middle East into a new catastrophe, as he added Moscow's weight to a diplomatic push to ease antagonism between Israel and Syria. While in Syria, Medvedev unnerved Israel by paying a visit to Khaled Meshaal, the exiled leader of the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas.
    (AP, 5/11/10)(AP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 13, The Israeli government asked the fishermen to stop fishing in the Sea of Galilee. Officials said a decade of overfishing has left the aquatic population of the biblical body of water in danger. The fishing ban was approved by PM Benjamin Netanyahu and his Cabinet last month and will be in effect for two years.
    (AP, 5/14/10)
2010        May 13, A Palestinian teenager (16) was found dead from a gunshot wound near his village in the West Bank. Palestinians said he was likely shot by an Israeli settler while throwing stones at cars.
    (AP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 15, The Israeli army gunfire killed farmer Fuad Abu Matar (75) and wounded another Palestinian near northern Gaza's border with the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, Moshe Greenberg (81), an influential Bible scholar, died in Jerusalem. His work won the first-ever Israel Prize for biblical studies (1994). His definitive two-volume commentary on the Book of Ezekiel described, among other things, how the prohibition of murder became an unbreakable taboo with the Abrahamic religions because of the rise of a belief in man's connection to God.
    (AP, 5/17/10)

2010        May 16, Israel inaugurated a huge new desalination facility on its Mediterranean seashore, with a network of pipes beneath the beach reaching far into the ocean. The $425 million Hadera plant is the world's largest using reverse osmosis technology.
    (AP, 5/16/10)

2010        May 18, An Israeli Defense Ministry spokesman said Israel has fined Global CST, a local security consulting firm, for negotiating a deal last year to provide arms and military training to Guinea's military junta without the state's prior approval. Global CST said it was not fined, but was instead ordered to spend the money to tighten its oversight procedures to avoid similar "errors" in the future.
    (AP, 5/18/10)

2010        May 20, Israel released Mohammed Abu Teir, a Hamas lawmaker. He was arrested nearly four years ago following the kidnapping of an Israeli soldier by Gaza militants in a deadly cross-border raid.
    (AFP, 5/20/10)

2010        May 21, Two Palestinian militants, Nader Abu Dakkar (17) and Hamdi Abu Hammad (17) infiltrated Israel from the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip but were killed in a firefight with Israeli troops. The Israeli military launched aerial raids overnight in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, following a rocket attack the previous evening. No one was injured or killed in the sorties.
    (AP, 5/21/10)(AFP, 5/21/10)(AFP, 5/22/10)

2010        May 24, Israel's military announced it plans to further ease restrictions on Palestinian travel in the West Bank, delivering what appeared to be a first in a series of gestures requested by the US as part of renewed peace talks.
    (AP, 5/24/10)
2010        May 24, Australia demanded that Israel withdraw an embassy official from the country, saying the Jewish state was behind fake Australian passports linked to the killing of a Hamas operative.
    (AP, 5/24/10)

2010        May 25, More than 500 Israeli academics have denounced the government decision banning famed Jewish-American linguist Noam Chomsky from entering the West Bank last week. Chomsky (81), an outspoken critic of Israel, was to speak at a West Bank university last week when Israeli authorities barred him from entering from neighboring Jordan. The Interior Ministry later said the border agent had made a mistake and Chomsky was welcome to return.
    (AP, 5/25/10)
2010        May 25, Eight ships carrying 10,000 tons of donated supplies and hundreds of pro-Palestinian activists were making their way toward blockaded Gaza, and a likely weekend showdown with the Israeli navy.
    (AP, 5/25/10)

2010        May 26, Palestinian hospital officials say 15 people were wounded in overnight Israeli airstrikes in the Gaza Strip. The strikes came after the Israeli military reported that Palestinian militants had blown up a donkey cart filled with dynamite near the concrete wall that separates Gaza from Israel and fired several mortar rounds into Israel. No Israelis were injured.
    (AP, 5/26/10)

2010        May 27, Israel indicted two prominent activists from its Arab minority for allegedly spying for the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah, deepening a case that has raised tensions with the country's Arab minority.
    (AP, 5/27/10)
2010        May 27, Israel said a flotilla of activist aid boats bound for Gaza was a "cheap political stunt" as it unveiled a port facility where it intends to divert the boats and detain those on board.
    (AFP, 5/27/10)
2010        May 27, Israel officially joined the OECD club of rich economies. PM Benjamin Netanyahu attended a ceremony at the Paris headquarters of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development as it welcomed Israel along with Estonia, Slovenia and Chile to the 31-nation grouping.
    (AFP, 5/27/10)

2010        May 28, The Israeli army reopened a key highway to Palestinian traffic after the supreme court ordered the lifting of a 10-year-old ban which had turned Route 443 into an Israelis-only road.
    (AFP, 5/28/10)
2010        May 28, In a breakthrough after a decade of deadlock, the Non-Proliferation Treaty's 189 nations proposed new steps towards nuclear disarmament and making the Middle East free of atomic weapons. The next day Israel condemned the NPT plan.
    (AFP, 5/29/10)(SSFC, 5/30/10, p.A5)

2010        May 29, Palestinian security officials and witnesses said Israeli warplanes launched six overnight raids on the Islamist-run Gaza Strip, adding that nobody was wounded in the attacks. An Israeli military spokesman said only that two air raids had taken place, and that they targeted a tunnel in the south linking Gaza to Israel and a weapons workshop in the north.
    (AP, 5/29/10)

2010        May 30, Hundreds of pro-Palestinian activists set sail for the Gaza Strip from international waters off the coast of Cyprus, edging closer to an expected naval showdown with Israeli gunships determined to stop them.
    (AP, 5/30/10)

2010        May 31, Israeli naval commandos stormed a flotilla of ships carrying aid and hundreds of pro-Palestinian activists to the blockaded Gaza Strip, killing 9 passengers on the Mavi Marmara in a predawn raid that set off worldwide condemnation and a diplomatic crisis. At least 4 of the 9 dead were Turkish. A massive protest broke out in Turkey, Israel's longtime Muslim ally, which unofficially supported the mission. Ankara announced it would recall its ambassador and call off military exercises with the Jewish state. The flotilla of three cargo ships and three passenger ships carrying 10,000 tons of aid and 700 activists was carrying items that Israel bars from reaching Gaza, like cement and other building materials. Israeli police said 16 pro-Palestinian activists from the flotilla were sent to jail following the deadly confrontation. Turkey sent three planes to bring back some 20 Turks wounded during clashes that broke out when Israeli commandos raided the Turkish vessel.
    (AP, 5/31/10)(AP, 6/1/10)(Econ, 1/28/12, p.54)

2010        May, American journalist Helen Thomas observed that Israelis should get "out of Palestine." Her comments against the Israeli occupation forced her into retirement and were denounced by the White House and her press corps colleagues.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2010        Jun 1, Pro-Palestinian activists sent another boat to challenge Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak ordered the opening of the Rafah border crossing to allow humanitarian aid into the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        Jun 1, Iranian-backed Islamic Jihad in the Gaza Strip said three of its members have been killed in an Israeli airstrike in northern Gaza. The Israeli military confirmed it carried out an airstrike, and Gaza's chief medical examiner also says there were three deaths. The fighters were killed shortly after firing rockets into southern Israel. Israeli authorities said the rockets landed in open areas and caused no injuries.
    (AP, 6/1/10)

2010        Jun 2, Israel was deported the last of the nearly 700 foreign activists detained in a deadly raid on an aid flotilla bound for Palestinians in the blockaded, Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. Israel came under renewed pressure at an urgent session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, as countries lined up to condemn its interception of a Gaza-bound flotilla and urge an impartial probe.
    (AP, 6/2/10)(AFP, 6/2/10)
2010        Jun 2, France's former top anti-terrorism judge said the Turkish Islamic charity behind the flotilla of aid ships that was raided by Israeli forces on its way to Gaza had ties to terrorism networks, including a 1999 al-Qaida plot to bomb Los Angeles International Airport.
    (AP, 6/2/10)
2010        Jun 2, UN chief Ban Ki-moon demanded that Israel lift its blockade of the Gaza Strip immediately in the wake of its deadly raid on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla.
    (AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Jun 3, Israel rejected calls from the UN and others for an international investigation of its deadly raid on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla but left the door open to foreign involvement. The Foreign Press Association demanded that Israelís military stop using the captured material without permission and identify the source of the video already released. The material appeared Wednesday on the army's YouTube site labeled as "captured."
    (AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Jun 4, The Rachel Corrie activist ship kept its course for a June 5 arrival in Gaza as world anger simmered over Israel's deadly raid on an earlier blockade-busting bid.
    (AFP, 6/4/10)
2010        Jun 4, Turkeyís Deputy PM Bulent Arinc said Turkey will reduce economic and defense ties with Israel, but bilateral cooperation will not be entirely frozen after the Gaza ship raid.
    (AP, 6/4/10)

2010        Jun 5, Israeli forces boarded the Rachel Corrie after it ignored orders not to head for Gaza, but there was no repetition of the bloody violence that erupted when commandos stormed an aid boat earlier in the week.
    (AFP, 6/5/10)
2010        Jun 5, A Cairo court upheld a ruling to strip Egyptian men married to Israeli women of their citizenship in a case that has highlighted national sentiment towards Israel.
    (AFP, 6/5/10)

2010        Jun 6, In Israel Rabbi Jacob Milgrom (87), considered by many as the world's foremost authority on the biblical book of Leviticus, died. Milgrom wrote a three-volume series on Leviticus, interpreting Jewish dietary and purification rituals as well as the Bible's position on homosexuality. He concluded the ban on homosexuality applies only to Jewish men.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 7, The Israeli navy killed 4 Palestinian militants in diver suits off the coast of Gaza before dawn. Palestinian officials said Israel fired a missile at Palestinian militants near the Gaza border, wounding one. The bodies of two Palestinians killed by Israeli fire washed ashore a day later, bringing to six the total number of alleged militants killed by the navy raid.
    (AP, 6/7/10)(AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 7, Mordechai Eliyahu (81), a former chief rabbi who encouraged Israelis to oppose removal of settlements and blamed Reform Jewry for the Holocaust died in Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 6/7/10)
2010        Jun 7, An Egyptian security official declared the blockade of Gaza a failure and said his country will keep its border with the Palestinian territory open indefinitely.
    (AP, 6/7/10)
2010        Jun 7, The Iranian Red Crescent said that it will send three aid ships to Gaza in the latest bid to break the blockade imposed on the Palestinian territory by Iran's archfoe Israel.
    (AFP, 6/7/10)

2010        Jun 8, Israeli settlers clashed with police after the demolition of two shacks built in the West Bank settlement of Beit El.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 9, Israel eased a three-year blockade of Gaza to allow in some previously banned food items in an effort to defuse the worldwide furor over its deadly raid on a Gaza-bound international flotilla. But critics said the step falls far short of what is needed in the impoverished Palestinian territory. Vandals defaced a mosque in northern Israel, a day after Israeli troops demolished unauthorized construction in a West Bank settlement.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 11, Israeli police said an unidentified Palestinian man was shot dead after he struck two Israeli police officers with his car in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 12, Germanyís federal prosecutor's office said that Polish authorities have arrested an alleged Mossad spy from Israel wanted in connection with the slaying of a Hamas agent in Dubai. A man using the name of Uri Brodsky was arrested in early June upon his arrival in Poland because of a European arrest warrant issued by Germany and Germany is now seeking his extradition.
    (AP, 6/12/10)

2010        Jun 14, The Israeli Cabinet approved an investigation into the deadly raid on a Gaza-bound flotilla in an effort to counter international criticism as the EU pressed Israel to lift the blockade of Gaza, deeming it "unacceptable." Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a police vehicle in the West Bank, killing an Israeli police officer and wounding two others. On July 19 the Shin Bet security service said five Palestinians, accused of being members of a Hamas cell, have been arrested for killing the Israeli policeman.
    (AP, 6/14/10)(AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jun 14, Iranís state radio said Iran is sending aid ships to blockaded Gaza, a move likely to be considered provocative by Israel which accuses Tehran of arming Hamas, the Palestinian enclave's Islamist rulers.
    (Reuters, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 15, Ireland's government called on Israel to withdraw a staffer at its Dublin embassy over the use of fake passports in the January assassination of a Hamas commander in Dubai.
    (Reuters, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 16, Israeli officials they will significantly ease its bruising land blockade of the Gaza Strip, in an effort to blunt the widespread international criticism that has followed a deadly Israeli commando raid on a blockade-busting flotilla. Israeli troops shot and killed a drug smuggler on the Egyptian border. Egypt said he was among a group of seven armed men trying to bring drugs into Israel.
    (AP, 6/16/10)

2010        Jun 17, In Israel tens of thousands of black-clad ultra-Orthodox Jews staged mass demonstrations to protest a Supreme Court ruling forcing the integration of a religious girls' school.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Israel agreed to ease its three-year-old land blockade of the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, hoping to quell international outrage over its deadly raid on a flotilla bound for the Palestinian territory.
    (AP, 6/17/10)

2010        Jun 20, The Israeli government approved the construction of a massive new water desalination plant to help the arid country deal with a severe shortage.
    (AFP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 21, Lebanese authorities granted permission for a blockade-busting ship with activists and aid on board  to sail first to the Mediterranean island of Cyprus.
    (AP, 6/21/10)

2010        Jun 22, Israel's defense minister criticized the approval by a Jerusalem planning body of a plan to raze 22 Palestinian homes in the disputed eastern part of the city to make room for an Israeli tourist center, saying it lacked "common sense" and "a sense of timing."
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Israel launched a spy satellite called "Ofek 9" increasing Israel's capacity to keep an eye on enemies like Iran.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Israeli archaeologists uncovered the heaviest and most valuable gold coin ever found in Israel. The 2,200-year-old coin weighs an ounce (28 grams) and was found at the Tel Kedesh site near the Lebanon border.
    (AP, 8/11/10)

2010        Jun 23, Israeli troops overnight arrested four Palestinians in the occupied West Bank, among them Shadi Amwasi (30), a former intelligence officer.
    (AFP, 6/23/10)
2010        Jun 23, The Swedish Dock Workers Union launched a week-long blockade of cargo to and from Israel to protest the Israeli raid on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla last month.
    (AFP, 6/23/10)

2010        Jun 24, Noorsat, the operator which handles the broadcasting of Al-Aqsa TV to parts of Europe and throughout the Middle East, shut down the broadcasts of Al-Aqsa TV, a Gaza-based television station accused of inciting hatred of Jews and Israel.
    (AFP, 6/25/10)

2010        Jun 25, Israeli warplanes raided the Gaza Strip overnight killing a Palestinian and wounding another.
    (AFP, 6/25/10)

2010        Jun 26, Egyptian security officials said that Israeli soldiers shot dead a suspected Egyptian drug smuggler after he illegally crossed the border with the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 27, In Israel Admiral Mike Mullen, the top US military officer, held talks in Tel Aviv with Defense Minister Ehud Barak and other members of the military's top brass. Mullen's meetings focused on Iran's nuclear program and the situation in Syria and Lebanon.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 28, Israel's internal security service said 7 Israeli Arabs inspired by al-Qaida have been indicted in the killing of an Israeli cab driver and other attacks on Jews and Christians.
    (AP, 6/28/10)

2010        Jun 30, The Israeli army said an Israeli soldier and several civilians have been arrested for allegedly passing information to the Lebanese militia Hezbollah and smuggling drugs across the border.
    (AFP, 6/30/10)

2010        Jul 3, In Syria, Mohammed Oudeh (73), the key planner of the 1972 Munich Olympics attack that killed 11 Israeli athletes, died.
    (AP, 7/3/10)

2010        Jul 5, Israel dropped its long-standing restrictions on allowing consumer goods into the Gaza Strip but retained limits on desperately needed construction materials. Thousands of marchers brought the cultural and financial capital to a standstill, urging the government to do whatever it takes to win freedom for a soldier captured four years ago by Gaza militants. Near Israel's border with Gaza, thousands more gathered for a concert led by a world-famous conductor to press Hamas to let the Red Cross visit the soldier for the first time.
    (AP, 7/5/10)(AP, 7/6/10)

2010        Jul 6, Pres. Obama met with Israelís PM Netanyahu, who was accorded all the trappings of a visiting head of state. Obama and Netanyahu dismissed talk of a rift as wildly unfounded, and Netanyahu pledged concrete, "very robust" steps to revive sluggish Mideast peace efforts with the Palestinians. One of the main outcomes of the summit was the US push for a shift to direct talks with Palestinians.
    (AP, 7/6/10)(AFP, 7/7/10)

2010        Jul 7, Israel said that its moves to ease its blockade on Gaza do not include relaxing regulations on Palestinians looking to travel out of the enclave. Israel's military released maps and aerial photographs showing what it described as a network of Hezbollah weapons depots and command centers inside villages in south Lebanon, near the Israeli border.
    (AFP, 7/7/10)(AP, 7/7/10)

2010        Jul 8, In Israel police arrested overnight a pair of ultra-Orthodox Jewish men suspected of trying to smuggle $1 million of pure cocaine into Israel from Brazil. More than 15,000 Israelis marched into Jerusalem and rallied at a park downtown for the government to conclude a deal for the release of a captive soldier held by Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 7/8/10)(AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 9, Libyan organizers said a charity headed by Saif Al-Islam Kadhafi, the second son of Libyan leader Moamar Kadhafi, is sending an aid boat from Greece to Gaza to break the Israeli "siege." Organizers of the initiative had earlier said the 25-year-old ship, owned by Piraeus-based ACA Shipping Corporation, was called Hope. The ship set sail from Greece on July 10 and headed for Egypt.
    (AFP, 7/9/10)(AFP, 7/10/10)

2010        Jul 12, Israeli archaeologists said a newly discovered clay fragment from the 14th century BC is the oldest example of writing ever found in antiquity-rich Jerusalem. Dig director Eilat Mazar of Hebrew University said the 2-centimeter-long fragment bears an ancient form of writing known as Akkadian wedge script.
    (AP, 7/12/10)

2010        Jul 13, Israeli bulldozers destroyed six buildings, including at least three homes, in contested east Jerusalem, resuming the demolition of Palestinian property after a halt aimed at encouraging peace talks.
    (AP, 7/13/10)
2010        Jul 13, An Israeli military vessel confronted a Libyan aid ship trying to breach Israel's three-year-old Gaza blockade and ordered it to divert to an Egyptian port.
    (AP, 7/13/10)
2010        Jul 12, A group of 91 Israelis, wounded by Hezbollah rockets during the 2006 war, sued the Arab news network Al-Jazeera for $1.2 billion in a New York court for allegedly aiding the Lebanese guerrillas. The suit claimed the Qatar-based news network intentionally violated Israel's military censorship regulations and reported the precise locations of rocket strikes in Israel in live broadcasts during the monthlong 2006 war.
    (AP, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 14, A ship sent by a Libyan charity to break Israel's naval blockade of the Gaza Strip changed course in the Mediterranean Sea and docked at an Egyptian port after agreeing to deliver its cargo of aid through Egyptian territory.
    (AP, 7/14/10)(AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 15, An Israeli lieutenant colonel and one of his soldiers were convicted in a 2008 shooting of a bound and blindfolded Palestinian demonstrator. Video taken by a local resident showed the soldier firing a rubber-coated bullet from close range at the feet of the Palestinian man, whose hands were tied behind his back.
    (AP, 7/15/10)
2010        Jul 15, Lebanon arrested a third person in a widening probe into a suspected network of Israeli spies employed in the country's telecom sector.
    (AFP, 7/16/10)

2010        Jul 19, Israeli forces demolished a cluster of tents and shacks belonging to Palestinians in the northern West Bank.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 20, Israel canceled a warning to its people to avoid traveling to Turkey, citing an end to stormy protests over Israel's deadly raid on a Gaza-bound flotilla.
    (AP, 7/20/10)

2010        Jul 21, Israel said it will restrict its use of white phosphorus munitions and seek to limit civilian casualties in future wars, in a report to the UN secretary general released this week. Israeli fire killed two Palestinians and wounded 10 in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 7/21/10)
2010        Jul 21, The leaders of Egypt and Turkey met in Cairo to discuss stuttering international efforts to coax Israeli and Palestinian leaders back to the negotiating table.
    (AFP, 7/21/10)

2010        Jul 22, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man entering a Jewish settlement in the West Bank, drawing a Palestinian accusation that soldiers are too quick to open fire.
    (AP, 7/23/10)

2010        Jul 25, An Israeli military spokesman said Gaza-based militants fired four rockets into southern Israel over the weekend. None of them caused any casualties or damage.
    (AFP, 7/25/10)

2010        Jul 26, In central Romania an Israeli helicopter crashed with no survivors among the six Israeli and one Romanian soldiers on board.
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Jul 29, Thousands of Israelis marched calmly in Jerusalem's longest gay pride parade despite opposition from anti-gay demonstrators.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, Qatar's PM Sheik Hamad bin Jassem Al Thani said the Arab nations have endorsed direct Palestinian talks with the Israelis but left the timing to the Palestinians themselves.
    (AP, 7/29/10)

2010        Jul 30, Gaza militants fired a rocket into the Israeli city of Ashkelon, a rare strike in a period of relative quiet.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, A UN panel of experts called on Israel to fall in line with international norms on civil rights and to take action against targeted killings, torture and impunity for security forces.
    (AP, 7/30/10)

2010        Jul 31, Israeli warplanes fired missiles killing Issa Batran (42), a senior commander of the Hamas military wing, and wounding 11 people in five targets hit across Gaza overnight. Hamas said 8 of its supporters and 3 civilians were also wounded in the overnight airstrikes and vowed revenge.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 1, Israel approved new residency criteria that could result in the deportations of hundreds of children of migrant workers.
    (AP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 2,  A string of rockets was fired toward the Israeli resort city Eilat, and one hit in neighboring Jordan, killing one person and wounding four. On Aug 3 Jordan said it has evidence that the rocket attack originated from neighboring Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. After days of denials an Egyptian official said the deadly rocket attacks were carried out by the militant Palestinian Hamas group operating from Egypt.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)(AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 2, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced a four-member panel, including an Israeli and a Turk, to probe Israel's deadly raid in May on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla.
    (AP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 3, Lebanese and Israeli troops exchanged fire on the border in the most serious clashes since a fierce war four years ago. 3 Lebanese nationals, two soldiers and a journalist, and an Israeli soldier were killed in the shootout which saw both sides threatening retaliation if the shooting recurred. Israeli troops returned the next day to the site of the shootout and cut down a number of trees growing along the border, completing a task which had set off the confrontation.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AFP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 3, Israeli municipal officials confirmed the approval for the building of 40 apartments in a Jewish neighborhood in Jerusalem's disputed eastern sector.
    (AP, 8/3/10)

2010        Aug 4, Israeli soldiers killed a Gaza Strip militant was killed. The Israeli military said soldiers saw a group of men approach Israel's border fence with Gaza and launched an airstrike against them before dawn. 3 other militants were wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 8/4/10)

2010        Aug 5, Israelís Shin Bet security service reported that two Druse Arabs living in the Golan Heights and an Arab citizen of Israel were charged with passing information to the enemy and plotting to kidnap a Syrian pilot who had defected to Israel.
    (AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 6, In southern Israel 7 members of one family, including a pregnant woman and two children, were killed when the minibus they were traveling in ignored traffic signals and crossed the tracks right into the path of a speeding train near the town of Kiryat Gat.
    (AP, 8/6/10)

2010        Aug 8, Arab League chief Amr Moussa signed a letter asking for backing of a resolution urging Washington and other powers to end support of Israel's nuclear secrecy and to push the Jewish state to allow international inspections of its program. Arab nations planned submit the request to the September assembly of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
    (AP, 8/15/10)

2010        Aug 9, Israeli photographer Rafael Rafram Chaddad, jailed by Libya for five months, returned home after an Austrian tycoon brokered a deal for his freedom that involved the delivery of 20 prefabricated homes from a Libyan charity to the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/9/10)

2010        Aug 15, Israel's military said Hezbollah is moving fighters and weapons into the villages of south Lebanon, building up a secret network of arms warehouses, bunkers and command posts in preparation for war.
    (AP, 8/15/10)

2010        Aug 16, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian militant who the military said was planting a bomb along the border.
    (AP, 8/17/10)

2010        Aug 17, In Israel a Palestinian who broke into the Turkish Embassy trying to take hostages and demanding asylum was turned over to Israeli authorities. The next day his lawyer claimed that Nadim Injaz was a former Israeli informer who was seeking political asylum. 2 Israeli soldiers were lightly wounded by a mortar shell fired from Gaza. Later in the day Israeli warplanes struck targets including Hamas training facilities in five locations in Gaza. No one was hurt.
    (AP, 8/17/10)(AP, 8/18/10)(AFP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 21, Israel  and the Palestinians accepted a US call to restart direct peace talks but politicians on both sides have warned of the pitfalls ahead, saying talks will be stillborn unless Israel halts building in West Bank settlements. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak accepted an invitation to attend the start of direct peace talks.
    (AFP, 8/21/10)

2010        Aug 28, An Egyptian security official said police in the Sinai desert have discovered two large caches of weapons that were to be smuggled to Gaza. The find included anti-aircraft weaponry.
    (AP, 8/28/10)

2010        Aug 31, A West Bank gunman opened fire on a passing vehicle in Hebron, killing all four Israeli passengers inside, two men and two women from settlements in the area. The dead included a married couple with five children.
    (AP, 9/1/10)

2010        Aug, Yukiya Amano, chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency, "invited Israel to consider to accede" signing up to the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, during a low-key visit to the country.
    (AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 1, Palestinian security forces arrested more than 250 Hamas members in an overnight sweep throughout the West Bank after the Islamic militant group claimed responsibility for shooting dead four Israelis on the eve of new Mideast peace talks.
    (AP, 9/1/10)

2010        Sep 2, Israeli and Palestinian leaders met in Washington and cleared the first hurdle in what promises to be difficult negotiations, vowing to try to settle core differences within a year and meet every two weeks. Neither leader addressed the sensitive question of whether Israel would extend a moratorium on settlement building in the West Bank due to expire on September 26. The next round of talks was set for September 14-15 in Egypt.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 4, Two Palestinians were killed and another three were wounded in Israeli air strikes carried out after a rocket attack from Gaza. This was the first exchange of fire since the relaunch of Middle East peace talks last week. Two raids targeted smuggling tunnels along the border with Egypt, causing a tunnel to collapse on the two men, and a third struck a former base used by the militant Hamas movement.
    (AFP, 9/5/10)

2010        Sep 8, Israelis ushered in the Jewish new year, or Rosh Hashana, at sundown with a widespread sense of pessimism that a new round of US-sponsored Mideast talks can achieve peace.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, Israel Tal (86), a decorated war hero and the creator of Israel's renowned "Merkava" tank, died in the Israeli town of Rehovot. In the 1970s Tal oversaw the design of the Merkava tank (Hebrew for "chariot") which is widely seen as one of the best of its time.
    (AP, 9/9/10)

2010        Sep 10, Militants in Gaza fired a projectile into southern Israel just hours after Israeli warplanes carried out a series of raids across the coastal strip. Overnight, two Gazans in the Hamas security forces were wounded in Gaza City when Israel launched a series of retaliatory air strikes after an earlier rocket attack.
    (AFP, 9/10/10)

2010        Sep 12, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu reiterated his demand for the Palestinians to recognize Israel as a Jewish state, in remarks ahead of a second round of US-backed peace talks. A rocket fired by Palestinian militants in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip struck Israel without causing any casualties or damage. A burst of Israeli tank fire killed three civilians in the northern Gaza town of Beit Hanun, a man (91), his grandson (17) and another man (20).  A senior commander on Sep 14 said the killing was a mistake.
    (AFP, 9/12/10)(AFP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 13, Officials said Israel will begin deporting families of illegal migrants in coming weeks as an emotional debate rages over the ballooning numbers of foreign workers that some fear could threaten the country's Jewish identity.
    (AP, 9/13/10)
2010        Sep 13, Staff at Israel's Ben Gurion International Airport near Tel Aviv went on strike, grounding all flights and leaving arriving passengers without their luggage.
    (AP, 9/13/10)

2010        Sep 14, Three Palestinians were wounded by Israeli tank fire in a clash along the volatile Gaza border. On Sep 25 Hamas reported that one died as the result of his wounds.
    (AFP, 9/25/10)

2010        Sep 15, Israeli and Palestinian leaders held peace talks in Jerusalem with US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. A Qassam rocket and six mortar rounds hit southern Israel. Israeli jets bombed smuggling targets along the Gaza-Egypt border. Hamas officials said one person was killed and four wounded.
    (AP, 9/15/10)(AFP, 9/15/10)

2010        Sep 16, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the Jerusalem city government to provide more than $120,000 in funding for a prominent gay community center. It was reported that Israeli government offices, that provide a wide array of public services, are pulling the plug on online payments on the Jewish Sabbath and holidays, creating a potential new source of friction between the religious and secular in the Jewish state.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 17, Israel reiterated its refusal to extend curbs on settlement building that expire this month, despite US pressure and Palestinian threats to walk out of peace talks. Israeli troops killed Abu Shilbaya (37), a Hamas militant and local leader of its armed wing, during a raid in the northern West Bank town of Tulkarm. Some 3,000 Hamas loyalists gathered to march in Abu Shilbaya's funeral.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, Israel came to a virtual standstill at sundown as Jews began observing the start of the holiest day of the Jewish calendar, the 25 hours of fasting and contemplation known as Yom Kippur.
    (AP, 9/17/10)

2010        Sep 21, Israelís nuclear chief Shaul Chorev said It is against Israel's interests to join a global anti-nuclear arms treaty and the UN atomic watchdog is overstepping its mandate in demanding it to do so.
    (AFP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 22, An Israeli guard shot dead a Palestinian after rocks were thrown at his car, setting off clashes with police. Crowds of Palestinian youths violently rampaged in a tense neighborhood in annexed Arab east Jerusalem following the shooting death of a local man. This clouded fragile peace efforts even as the Palestinian president signaled he may back away from threats to quit negotiations if Israel resumes West Bank settlement construction.
    (AFP, 9/22/10)(AP, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep 23, The Palestinian militant Hamas group said its military court has convicted and sentenced Omar Kawari to death by a firing squad. The Gaza man was convicted on charges of spying for Israel.
    (AP, 9/23/10)

2010        Sep 24, The UN atomic watchdog threw out an Arab-backed resolution urging Israel to accede to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The International Atomic Energy Agency, on the last day of its annual general conference, voted against the resolution, with 51 votes against, 46 votes for and 23 abstentions.
    (AFP, 9/24/10)

2010        Sep 25, In New York US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas met for a second day of talks, after failing to break the deadlock between Israelis and Palestinians. The talks were overshadowed by the end of an Israeli moratorium on settlement building.
    (AFP, 9/25/10)
2010        Sep 25, Hamas, in a statement from the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, said "Mahmud al-Ahmarine (21) has died as the result of wounds inflicted by an Israeli tank on September 14 east of Gaza City."
    (AGFP, 9/25/10)

2010        Sep 26, With a midnight deadline looming, Israel's PM Netanyahu called on West Bank settlers to "show restraint" following the end of a government-ordered construction slowdown. Settler leaders rejected Netanyahu's call, however, and vowed to proceed with a symbolic groundbreaking ceremony later in the day at Revava, a settlement deep inside the West Bank, marking the end of the construction restrictions.
    (AP, 9/26/10)

2010        Sep 26, A boat carrying Jewish activists from Israel, Europe and the US set sail from Cyprus bound for Gaza, in a bid to run Israel's blockade of the Palestinian territory.
    (AFP, 9/27/10)

2010        Sep 27, Settlement building resumed across the West Bank just hours after a 10-month freeze expired, but Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas held back on a threat to quit peace talks with Israel over the move. Abbas said he would wait at least a week before deciding whether to quit Mideast peace talks, giving US mediators precious time to broker a compromise.
    (AFP, 9/27/10)

2010        Sep 28, Israeli naval forces intercepted a catamaran carrying nine Jewish activists toward the Gaza Strip, encountering no resistance as they took control of the sailboat and escorted it to shore.
    (AP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, Irish Nobel laureate and peace activist Mairead Maguire (66) was detained after arriving in Israel because she had been deported in June for trying to reach Gaza by boat in defiance of an Israeli naval blockade. Airport officials told her she would not be allowed in to Israel for 10 years. Her appeal on Oct 1 was rejected. She was deported on Oct 5.
    (AP, 10/1/10)(AP, 10/5/10)

2010        Sep 30, The Arabic-language Al-Ittihad daily quoted Dubai police chief Dahi Khalfan as saying he had "received two death threats based on the case of Hamas militant" Mahmud al-Mabhuh's assassination in a Dubai hotel on January 20.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Sweden activists from Nepal, Nigeria, Brazil and Israel were named the winners of this year's Right Livelihood Award, also known as the "alternative Nobel," for work that included fighting to save the Amazon rain forest and bringing health care to Palestinians cut off from services. The recipients included Nigeria's Nnimmo Bassey (42), Catholic Bishop Erwin Kraeutler (71) of Brazil, Shrikrishna Upadhyay (65) of Nepal, and the organization Physicians for Human Rights Israel.
    (AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Oct 2, Senior Palestinian politicians backed President Mahmoud Abbas' demand to link peace talks to restrictions on Israeli settlement building, delivering a new setback to bogged down US efforts to salvage the negotiations.
    (AP, 10/2/10)

2010        Oct 3,  An Israeli military court convicted two soldiers of using a Palestinian child as a human shield by forcing him to check for booby traps on Jan 15, 2009, during the 2008-2009 Gaza war. Israeli police shot and killed Izzedine Qawasmeh (35), a father of five and a construction worker from the West Bank village of Sair, after he used a rope to scale a towering wall meant to keep Palestinians from sneaking into Israel. On Nov 21 the two soldiers received suspended sentences and demotions.
    (AFP, 10/3/10)(AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 11/21/10)
2010        Oct 3, Egypt backed the Palestinians' refusal to negotiate with Israel as long as it continues to build West Bank settlements, even as officials urged for continued diplomacy to salvage the month-old talks.
    (AP, 10/3/10)

2010        Oct 4, Arsonists torched a mosque in a Palestinian village in the West Bank, scrawling "revenge" on a wall in Hebrew and charring copies of the Muslim holy book in a blaze that threatened to stoke new tensions over deadlocked Mideast peacemaking.
    (AP, 10/4/10)

2010        Oct 7, Israel signed a contract with the United States to buy 20 F-35 fighter jets after Washington offered "incentives" for the Jewish state to help sputtering peace talks.
    (AFP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 7, A top Palestinian negotiator says the Palestinians have accepted a US proposal calling on Israel to extend a West Bank settlement slowdown for another two months.
    (AP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 8, Israeli troops killed two senior Hamas militants in an early-morning raid in the West Bank city of Hebron, raising tensions as peace talks remain stuck over Israeli settlement building. The two gunmen were wanted in connection with the killing of four Israelis near Hebron on Aug. 31. An incident captured on film and widely broadcast showed two masked boys standing in the road among a group throwing stones when a car driven by David Beeri, the local leader of Elad, drove round the corner and ploughed into them. One boy was thrown into the air and bounced off the car's windscreen before crashing to the ground. The car stopped briefly before driving off.
    (AP, 10/8/10)(AFP, 10/11/10)

2010        Oct 9, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas urged Arab leaders to press the United States to recognize a unilateral declaration of statehood if peace talks with Israel collapse. Extremist Jews ripped off branches and cut the roots of Palestinian olive trees in the West Bank village of Burin, as the yearly 45-day harvest of the important crop began.
    (AP, 10/9/10)

2010        Oct 10, Israel's Cabinet approved a bill that would require new citizens to pledge a loyalty oath to a "Jewish and democratic" state, language that triggered charges of racism from Arab lawmakers who see it as undermining the rights of the country's Arab minority.
    (AP, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 11, The Israeli government endorsed a bill requiring a national referendum be held before any withdrawal from occupied east Jerusalem or the Golan Heights. PM Netanyahu spelled out recognition of Israel as a Jewish state as his price for a renewal of a ban on construction in the occupied West Bank. The offer was rejected out of hand by the Palestinians, who said it had "nothing to do with the peace process."
    (AFP, 10/11/10)(AFP, 10/12/10)

2010        Oct 13, The Palestinians called on the US administration and Israel to define Israel's borders after Washington invited proposals to get peace talks back on track.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 15, Israel signed off on the construction of 238 homes in Jewish neighborhoods in east Jerusalem, bringing an end to an unofficial building freeze in the traditionally Arab sector of the city and further complicating peace talks stuck over the broader fate of West Bank settlements. A report released by aid organization Oxfam said attacks and other acts of harassment by Jewish settlers against Palestinian olive farmers "are common and often increase during the time of the harvest." The Israeli army says it does all it can to protect Palestinian olive growers. So far this year there have been no casualties at least. But neither have the police made any arrests.
    (AP, 10/15/10)(AFP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 15, Israeli police arrested Staten Island resident Eric Bellucci (30), a US citizen who escaped to Israel after allegedly stabbing his parents to death in their New York home earlier this week. Bellucci's parents, Arthur (61) and Marian (56), were found dead the night of Oct 13 in their Staten Island home.
    (AP, 10/15/10)(AP, 10/15/10)

2010        Oct 17, Two Palestinians were killed and a third wounded in a pre-dawn Israeli air strike north of Gaza City. The Israeli military said the air force had struck a "squad of terror operatives who were preparing to fire rockets from the northern Gaza Strip into Israel."
    (AFP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 20, Palestinians said Jewish settlers set fire to a girls school near the northern city of Nablus. A powerful explosion ripped through a Hamas military compound in the Gaza Strip, wounding more than a dozen people, including women and children.
    (AP, 10/20/10)

2010        Oct 21, In Israel the Elders, a group of retired world figures, visited a flashpoint east Jerusalem neighborhood, vowing to help Palestinian residents whose homes are facing demolition.
    (AFP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 25, A senior Israeli settler official said that work has begun on up to 600 new homes in West Bank settlements since Israel lifted its curb on such construction Sep 26. Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas has said he will only resume talks once building restrictions are reimposed, arguing there is no point negotiating while Israel continues to build on land the Palestinians want for a future state.
    (AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 26, The UN General Assembly voted 187-2 to end US sanctions against Cuba. Only the US and Israel voted in favor.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 27, Jewish settlers said Israel's defense minister is holding up construction on 4,300 apartments that could be built immediately in the West Bank. Dozens of Jewish extremists hoisting Israeli flags defiantly marched through the Arab-Israeli town of Umm el-Fahm, chanting "death to terrorists" and touching off clashes between rock-hurling residents and police who quelled them with tear gas. An Israeli court convicted Amir Makhoul, a prominent Arab-Israeli activist, of spying for the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah in a plea bargain that will send him to prison for up to 10 years.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 28, Israeli officials said that the military-grade armaments seized at a shipping terminal in Nigeria came from Iran and were bound for the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip. On Oct 30 an international shipping company said the weapons cache originally came from Iran. Last week, the Iranian shipper filed a request for the containers to be picked up again and this time shipped to the West African nation of Gambia. On Feb 1, 2011, Azim Aghajani of Iran and his alleged accomplice, Nigerian national Usman Abbas Jega, both maintained their innocence against three charges over the shipment.
    (AP, 10/28/10)(AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 2/1/11)
2010        Oct 28, Ehud Netzer (76), leading Israeli archaeologist, died of injuries suffered in a fall at an excavation at the King Herod-era site near Bethlehem.
    (AP, 10/29/10)

2010        Oct 29, An Egyptian security official said a man from Sudan's Darfur region was shot dead trying to sneak across the border into Israel. 2 others were taken into custody as smugglers and others scattered into the desert.
    (AP, 10/30/10)

2010        Nov 2, Israel's military intelligence chief said Iran possesses enough enriched uranium to build one nuclear bomb and soon will have enough to produce a second.
    (AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 3, Israel suspended a special strategic dialogue with London as long as Israeli officials visiting Britain face possible arrest for suspected war crimes against Palestinians. The two countries announced the dialogue two years ago to boost relations. But Israel put them on hold at the beginning of the year after former Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni canceled a trip to London for fear of arrest.
    (AP, 11/3/10)
2010        Nov 3, A car exploded outside the police headquarters of Gaza's Hamas rulers, killing a Palestinian militant (27) and wounding a second man. Ihab Ghussein, spokesman for the Hamas-controlled Interior Ministry. The Israeli military said the target was Mohammed Namnam (25) of the Army of Islam group.
    (AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 4, In Israel the global diamond industry's oversight body upheld restrictions preventing Zimbabwe from exporting its vast stockpile of diamonds from a large mine after efforts to reach a compromise ended in deadlock. Extending the approval to all the fields dominated this week's Kimberley Process plenary meeting in Jerusalem, where the unanimous agreement of members is required to certify the trade of diamonds. Israel is this year's sponsor of the conference.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 4, British Foreign Secretary William Hague pledged that Britain would act fast to amend a law that puts visiting Israeli officials at risk of arrest for alleged war crimes.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 6, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired a rocket into southern Israel on Saturday but caused no casualties or damage.
    (AP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 7, Israeli court documents were published showing the government had sold or leased property in Arab neighborhoods of Jerusalem to Israeli settlers at exceptionally low prices, helping them cement a Jewish presence there. Israeli police demolished an illegally built mosque in the impoverished Arab city of Rahat, touching off rock-throwing protests by residents and fueling new grievances for the country's Arab minority against the government.
    (AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 8, Israel said it is moving ahead with plans to build 1,300 new apartments in disputed east Jerusalem. The new $11 million performing arts center opened in Ariel, an Israeli enclave of 19,000 people. In August, more than 60 Israeli actors and playwrights signed a letter saying they would not perform in the new cultural center.
    (AP, 11/8/10)

2010        Nov 10, Israeli forces arrested senior Hamas MP Mahmud al-Ramahi at his home in the West Bank city of Ramallah overnight. Omar Abdul Razek, a senior Hamas official in the West Bank, said Ramahi's arrest appeared to be an attempt by Israel to undermine the reconciliation talks between Hamas and the Fatah party that had just begun in Damascus.
    (AFP, 11/10/10)

2010        Nov 11, Israeli police and stone-throwing youths clashed for a third day running in the Arab neighborhood of Issawiya in occupied east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 11/11/10)

2010        Nov 14, Israelís Cabinet approved a proposal to allow 8,000 Ethiopians of Jewish descent to move to the Jewish state. The would-be immigrants are the last recognized members of the Falashmura, a community whose ancestors converted from Judaism to Christianity about 100 years ago.
    (AP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 17, Israel approved the withdrawal of troops from the northern half of a village that straddles the border with Lebanon, a step that would end its four-year presence in the area.
    (AFP, 11/17/10)
2010        Nov 17, An Israeli airstrike killed two senior members of the Army of Islam. An Israeli statement said the men targeted were "part of a terror cell that planned to kidnap and kill Israelis" in the Sinai peninsula.
    (AP, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 18, Southern Israel received 2 mortar shells fired from the Gaza Strip. There were no casualties or damage.
    (AFP, 11/18/10)

2010        Nov 19, Israel's military condemned the publication of names and photographs of 200 Israeli soldiers on a website that called them "war criminals." It was put up earlier this week by anonymous activists in Britain and hosted by a US-based Web service, which took it down by today citing "breach of terms." Militants in Gaza fired rockets at southern Israel, causing no casualties. Retaliatory Israeli air strikes wounded at least 6 Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(SFC, 11/20/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 20, Yair Klein, an Israeli wanted in Colombia for training militias that killed hundreds of people, returned home after he was released from a Moscow jail. Klein has denied working with Colombia's cocaine cartels and said he only instructed paramilitaries in defense tactics.
    (AP, 11/20/10)

2010        Nov 21, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas said that he will not return to the negotiating table with Israel without a settlement freeze that includes annexed Arab east Jerusalem. Thousands of young Jewish settlers held a mass demonstration outside Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu's offices in Jerusalem in protest at plans for a new ban on settlement building.
    (AFP, 11/21/10)
2010        Nov 21, In Israel 2 workers were killed and two others were in critical condition in a Haifa hospital after inhaling poisonous material from an accidental leak at the country's oil refinery.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 22, Israeli bulldozers began laying the groundwork for construction of a barrier to seal off part of the Jewish state's border with Egypt.  Israel's parliament passed a law calling for a national referendum ahead of any withdrawal from annexed east Jerusalem or the Golan Heights, a move that could derail future peace deals.
    (AP, 11/22/10)(AFP, 11/23/10)

2010        Nov 28, Israel's Cabinet voted to erect a massive detention facility to hold thousands of Africans who have slipped illegally through the porous southern border with Egypt, heating up a debate over how to handle their mounting numbers.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, More than 250,000 classified US State Department documents were released by online whistleblower WikiLeaks. Among the leaked memos was information that Iranian Red Crescent ambulances were used to smuggle weapons to Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group during its 2006 war with Israel. Memos said the "IRC shipments of medical supplies served also to facilitate weapons shipments." Documents also detailed concerns by US officials in Baghdad about Iranís influence on Iraq. Memos also said King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia had repeatedly urged the United States to attack Iran to destroy its nuclear program to stop Tehran from developing a nuclear weapon.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov 29, Israel gave preliminary approval for 130 new apartments in disputed east Jerusalem, the area the Palestinians want as the capital of their hoped-for state.
    (AP, 11/29/10)

2010        Nov 30, An Israeli court convicted Elior Chen, a self-proclaimed rabbi, of severely abusing eight young children and instructing his followers to do the same. He was found guilty of hitting the children with a hammer, binding their limbs and burning body parts, among other acts. Chen was arrested in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 2008 after fleeing Israel. He was extradited to Israel last year. On Feb 28, 2011, an Israeli court sentenced Chen to 24 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/30/10)(AP, 2/28/11)

2010        Dec 2, In northern Israel at least 41 people were killed in a massive forest fire. At least 37 of the dead were prison guards on board a bus, who had been trying to evacuate prisoners from a facility in the forest.
    (AP, 12/2/10)(AFP, 12/3/10)(SFC, 12/3/10, p.A4)

2010        Dec 3, Outgoing Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva announced recognition of a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders in a public letter addressed to Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas. This was made public by Brazil's foreign ministry.
    (AP, 12/4/10)
2010        Dec 3, In Lebanon the militant Hezbollah group said it discovered what it said was an Israeli device on Hezbollah's private telecommunications network in the southern village of Majdel Silim. The device was apparently detonated remotely by the Israelis.
    (AP, 12/4/10)
2010        Dec 3, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas threatened to dissolve the Palestinian Authority if Israel does not stop building settlements on occupied land.
    (AFP, 12/4/10)

2010        Dec 4, Israel said it was disappointed by Brazil's decision to recognize a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders, saying it flew in the face of efforts to negotiate a peace deal.
    (AFP, 12/4/10)
2010        Dec 4, In northern Israel a massive fire was still consuming swathes of land, with little sign Israeli and foreign firefighters were winning the battle to contain it.
    (AFP, 12/4/10)

2010        Dec 5, An Israeli fire department official said the huge forest fire in Israel's north is under control. The fire burned half of one of Israel's largest wooded areas over four days. 42 Israelis were killed in the fire.
    (AP, 12/5/10)(AP, 1/5/11)

2010        Dec 6, Israel's top policewoman, who had clung to life for four days after her patrol car was trapped in a burning Israel forest, died of her wounds as the last of the flames subsided in the worst fire in Israel's history.
    (AP, 12/6/10)
2010        Dec 6, Argentina announced that it recognizes the Palestinian territories as a free and independent state within their 1967 borders, a step it said reflects frustration at the slow progress of peace talks with Israel.
    (AP, 12/6/10)

2010        Dec 7, Israel expressed disappointment with Argentina's recognition of a Palestinian state in territories Israel occupied in 1967, saying they undercut American-led efforts to create such a state through negotiations with Israel.
    (AP, 12/7/10) 
2010        Dec 7, In Israel 3 dozen top rabbis threw their support behind a religious ruling barring Jews from selling or renting homes to non-Jews, an indication of growing radicalism within the rabbinical community at a time of mounting friction between Israeli Arabs and Jews.
    (AP, 12/7/10)
2010        Dec 7, The New York Times reported that US officials believe the militant group Hezbollah, based in Lebanon, has acquired an arsenal of some 50,000 rockets and missiles, raising fears of an enlarged conflict with Israel. Iran and Syria were named as the sources.
    (AFP, 12/7/10)

2010        Dec 8, Israel decided to allow increased exports from the Gaza Strip, further easing its blockade of the territory run by the militant Palestinian Hamas group.
    (AP, 12/8/10)
2010        Dec 8, The Middle East peace process lay in tatters after Washington admitted defeat in its efforts to secure an Israeli freeze on settlement building, the Palestinians' condition for resuming talks.
    (AFP, 12/8/10)
2010        Dec 8, A top Israeli official said his government is holding talks with Turkey aimed at mending relations, seven months after a deadly Israeli raid on a Gaza-bound flotilla sent ties into a chill.
    (AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 9, The Israeli air force bombed four sites in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, causing no casualties. The air raids came after Palestinian militants fired several mortars into southern Israel from Gaza the previous day.
    (AFP, 12/9/10)

2010        Dec 12, Heavy rain and fierce winds pummeled countries across the Middle East, killing a woman in Lebanon, sinking a ship off Israel's coast and prompting Egypt to close its largest Mediterranean port. At least 3 people killed in Egypt as gale-force winds and torrential rain pounded the coastline.
    (AP, 12/12/10)(AFP, 12/12/10)

2010        Dec 13, Israel flew home 150 illegal Sudanese migrants in a secret operation that was the largest such deportation from the Jewish state.
    (AP, 12/14/10)

2010        Dec 14, Israel barred a group of Palestinian firefighters who helped battle the country's worst wildfire from attending a ceremony in their honor, the latest in a series of embarrassments over Israel's handling of the blaze.
    (AP, 12/14/10)

2010        Dec 15, Ben Zygier (34) reportedly committed suicide in a high-security Israeli jail after being held for months in great secrecy. His body was soon flown from Israel to Melbourne for burial. The Australian man had reportedly been recruited by the Israeli spy agency Mossad. Zygier's crime was to inadvertently reveal the identity of Ziad al-Homsi to a Lebanese man he was trying to turn into a double agent, but who worked for Lebanese intelligence. Al-Homsi had been approached by Mossad in 2007 and flown to China on the pretext of attending a mayoral convention.
    (Reuters, 2/12/13)(AP, 2/19/13)(Reuters, 5/7/13)
2010        Dec 15, Lebanon's army said its military experts have discovered and dismantled two spy cameras planted in the country's mountains by Israel.
    (AP, 12/15/10)

2010        Dec 16, The Israeli military said the air force has shot down a suspicious object, "apparently a balloon," hovering over southern Israel, where its main nuclear reactor is located.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Palestinian negotiator Nabil Shaath said he has asked representatives of several EU countries to recognize the truce lines before the 1967 Mideast war as the borders between Israel and a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 17, In Israel Christine Luken (44), female American tourist, was stabbed to death. Her body was found on Dec 19 bound and with multiple stab wounds near a road outside Jerusalem. Her friend, Kaye Susan Wilson, told police the two had been hiking in a nearby forest when they were assaulted by two Arab men. She, too, was bound and stabbed, but managed to escape her assailants. On Jan 26, 2011, Palestinians Kifah Ghneimat and Iyad Fatafa were indicted for Lukenís murder. Ghneimat was convicted on Sep 25.
    (AP, 12/19/10)(AP, 1/26/11)(AP, 9/26/11)

2010        Dec 18, An Israeli airstrike killed five Gaza militants in the deadliest attack against the coastal strip in months. The Israeli military says the men were about to launch a rocket attack against southern Israeli communities when they were struck.
    (AP, 12/18/10)

2010        Dec 19, Israel's cabinet decided to limit stipends paid to full-time ultra-Orthodox Jewish seminary students after the payments sparked widespread protests among university students.
    (AFP, 12/19/10)
2010        Dec 19, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas hosted dozens of Israeli legislators and activists, and urged them to relay a simple message to the Israeli public ó he is serious about negotiating a peace deal and that the Palestinians will never again resort to violence.
    (AP, 12/19/10)

2010        Dec 20, An Egyptian State Security prosecutor said that authorities have charged a local businessman, Tarek Hassan, and two Israelis for recruiting agents in Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon to spy for Israeli intelligence.
    (AP, 12/20/10)

2010        Dec 21, The Israeli air force hit seven suspected militant sites in the Gaza Strip in an unusually large operation. Palestinian militants retaliated by sending a rocket crashing down near a kindergarten in southern Israel. Israel's military chief confirmed the Palestinian use of Kornet missiles. This marked a new milestone for Gaza militants, who have steadily built up their arsenal from a collection of crude, homemade rockets to include more menacing imported weapons. Israeli defense officials said the laser-guided Kornet came from Iran. Israel's answer, called Trophy, was the first-of-its-kind Israeli-made system carried by tanks that is designed to shoot down missiles like the Kornet.
    (AP, 12/21/10)(AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 22, Bolivia sent a letter to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas declaring its recognition of an independent and sovereign state of Palestine.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 23, Israel's Peace Now movement said Israeli settlers have illegally begun work on at least 100 homes in the occupied West Bank since the end of a freeze on settlement construction.
    (AFP, 12/23/10)

2010        Dec 24, In Israel hundreds of Israelis and African migrants marched down Tel Aviv's main boulevard to protest a government plan to build a detention facility to hold those who enter the country illegally.
    (AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Dec 26, Israel and Palestinian militants traded threats amid fresh skirmishes along the tense Gaza Strip border in which two Islamic Jihad fighters were killed. Nine French activists were arrested during a pro-Palestinian demonstration at a major Israeli checkpoint in the West Bank.
    (AFP, 12/26/10)

2010        Dec 27, A Tel Aviv University team excavating a cave in central Israel said teeth found in the cave are about 400,000 years old and resemble those of other remains of modern man, known scientifically as Homo sapiens, found in Israel. The earliest Homo sapiens remains found until now are half as old. The prehistoric Qesem cave was discovered in 2000, and excavations began in 2004.
    (AP, 12/28/10)

2010        Dec 28, Project developer Bashar Masri said about 20 Israeli suppliers will help build Rawabi, the first modern Palestinian city in the West Bank, but only after promising they will not use products or services from Israeli settlements.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, Veteran Israeli journalist Dov Yudkovsky (89) died. He had fled the Nazi Holocaust and later became editor of Israel's best-selling newspaper. In 2002, Yudkovsky was awarded the Israel Prize, the Jewish state's highest honor, for his work in the media.
    (AP, 12/29/10)

2010        Dec 30, In Israel former President Moshe Katsav (65) was convicted of raping an employee when he was a Cabinet minister in 1998. "Relax, you'll enjoy it." He held the largely ceremonial office of president from 2000-2007.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, Israeli troops seized Khalil al-Rabai, a Hamas member of the Palestinian parliament, the fifth to be rearrested recently after serving previous prison terms. With Rabai's arrest the number of Hamas MPs in Israeli custody is now believed to be 13.
    (AFP, 12/30/10)

2010        Sasha Polakow-Suransky authored ďThe Unspoken Alliance: Israelís Secret Alliance with apartheid South Africa.
    (Econ, 5/22/10, p.88)
2010        Robert S. Wistrich authored ďA Lethal Obsession: Anti-Semitism From Antiquity to the Global Jihad."
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, p.F4)
2010        The Israeli-based Shurat HaDin law center won $378 million in a US court against North Korea over the killing of Americans at an Israeli airport in 1972, but it was unable to collect.
    (AP, 8/4/15)

2011        Jan 1, Jawaher Abu Rahma (36), a Palestinian woman, died one day after allegedly inhaling massive amounts of tear gas fired by the Israeli military at a West Bank demonstration. On Jan 20 Israel's military said Rahma was the victim of a medical error and was not killed by tear gas.
    (AFP, 1/3/11)(AP, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 2, Israel's PM Netanyahu said that he's ready to sit down with the Palestinian president for continuous one-on-one talks until they reach a peace deal. Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian at a checkpoint near the West Bank city of Nablus. Palestinian security sources said Mohammed Daraghmeh was trying to pass through the checkpoint on his way to work at a West Bank settlement and a row broke out with troops when they refused him passage.
    (AP, 1/2/11)(AFP, 1/2/11)(AFP, 1/3/11)
2011        Jan 2, Israel formally charged 2 Arabs for a suspected plot to fire a rocket into a Jerusalem football stadium along with three other men who sold them firearms. Shin Bet intelligence service said the arrests were made in November.
    (AFP, 1/2/11)
2011        Jan 2, In Israel Eugene Perchikov, an Israeli doctor accused of killing two women in New York, bled to death in a Jerusalem jail after cutting himself with a prison-issued razor blade as his cellmates slept. US authorities believed he poisoned two women to death in order to collect their life insurance. Larysa Vasserman of Brooklyn, was slain in 2002, and Tatiana Korkhova of Manhattan, was murdered in 2004.
    (AP, 1/4/11)(http://tinyurl.com/25a9wh4)

2011        Jan 5, Israeli troops killed two Palestinians along the Israel-Gaza border. Troops opened fire at two men trying to cross the border fence into Israel.
    (AP, 1/6/11)

2011        Jan 6, Israel's Supreme Court issued a ruling permitting the separation of men and women on some buses serving minority ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities, but only if the passengers agree. The approval was for a trial period of a year.
    (AP, 1/6/11)

2011        Jan 7, Israeli troops mistakenly shot and killed Omar Kawasmeh, a 65-year-old Palestinian man, during a predawn raid to arrest a Hamas militant in the West Bank. The raid targeted one of six Hamas fighters released from prison a day earlier by the Western-backed Palestinian Authority. 5 of the freed militants, including the target of the raid in which the man was killed, were arrested overnight.
    (AP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 8, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian who tried to throw explosives at a West Bank checkpoint. A mortar attack from Gaza wounded 2 Thai workers in southern Israel.
    (AP, 1/8/11)(SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A5)

2011        Jan 9, Israeli organizers said at least 165 professors have declared a boycott against a contentious Israeli college in the West Bank, deepening an internal rift in Israel over the expansion of West Bank settlements. They said Ariel University Center is an "illegal settlement" intended to prevent Palestinians from establishing an independent state. Bulldozers demolished a wing of the Hotel Shepherd in Jerusalem to make way for a new Israeli enclave in the heart of a Palestinian neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/9/11)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.50)

2011        Jan 10, Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian farmer (65) in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 1/10/11)
2011        Jan 10, Iran's intelligence services said they have arrested suspects in the assassination a year ago of nuclear physicist Masoud Ali Mohammadi in a months-long covert operation that also led them to penetrate Israel's Mossad spy agency.
    (AP, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 11, An Israeli military court extended the jail term of Palestinian activist Abdullah Abu Rahma by 16 months. Rahma has already served over a year in prison for organizing protests against Israel's security barrier.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, Iran said it has arrested 10 people linked to Mossad in what it calls a "severe blow" to the Israeli spy agency.
    (AFP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, The Palestinian Hamas movement in Gaza urged militants to halt their attacks, saying that continued violence would only invite Israeli reprisals. An Israeli airstrike killed a person riding a motorcycle in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 1/11/11)

2011        Jan 12, Israeli extradited to the US two suspected leaders of one of the country's most powerful crime families to face murder, drug and racketeering charges. US marshals escorted brothers Itzhak and Meir Abergil onto a plane to Los Angeles.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 13, A Palestinian minister said Gaza's Hamas rulers will ensure a truce on rocket fire against Israel is protected, a day after militant factions agreed to a period of calm.
    (AFP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Guyana recognized Palestinian statehood, joining a string of other South American nations in a push for Palestinians and Israelis to negotiate a peace deal.
    (AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 14, An Israeli newspaper reported that the army is to begin collecting weapons from Jewish settlers as a result of the calm in the West Bank and over fears they may be used against Palestinians.
    (AFP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 16, Israeli authorities said they are moving ahead with a new proposal to build 1,400 apartments in a contested part of Jerusalem, enraging Palestinians who denounced the plan as another settler land grab.
    (AP, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 17, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak abruptly announced that he was leaving the Labor Party, dividing the movement that has dominated Israeli politics for decades and setting off a chain reaction that cast new doubts over troubled peace efforts with the Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2011        Jan 18, Israeli police arrested Aleksander Cvetkovic, a former Bosnian Serb soldier. He was suspected by Bosnian authorities to be a member of an eight-man firing squad involved in executing between 1,000 and 1,200 Bosnian Muslims at the Branjevo Farm in July 1995. In 2013 He was extradited to face trial in Bosnia.
    (AP, 1/18/11)(SFC, 8/17/13, p.A2)
2011        Jan 18, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian on the Gaza border after militants set off a bomb.
    (AP, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 19, Dhyan Or, the Israel director of the global anti-mining advocacy group Roots of Peace, said there are half a million mines in the Jordan Valley, an area prone to floods. He warned that land mines could drift from the fenced areas, and that overzealous worshippers could stray from the marked paths.
    (AP, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 20, A Palestinian man opened fire at an Israeli guard post in the West Bank and soldiers returned fire, killing him.
    (AP, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 24, Israel's foreign minister confirmed that he has drawn up a plan for the creation of an interim Palestinian state with temporary borders in the absence of a full peace agreement.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Palestinian protesters smashed windows and sprayed graffiti outside the headquarters of the Al-Jazeera TV channel in the West Bank. Al-Jazeera the previous evening had aired what it said were leaked documents showing that Palestinian leaders agreed to deep concessions on two of the thorniest issues in negotiations with Israel: Jerusalem and the fate of Palestinian refugees.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Peru joined a growing number of South American countries in recognizing an independent and sovereign Palestinian state. The decision does not recognize Palestine's borders pre-dating the Six-Day War of 1967. Peru also recognized Israel's indisputable right to exist without any threats to its people.
    (AP, 1/24/11)

2011        Jan 27, Colombia asked Israel to extradite former Israeli army Lt. Col. Yair Klein, who was convicted by a Colombian court and sentenced in absentia to nearly 11 years in prison for training drug lords' assassins in the late 1980s.
    (AP, 1/27/11)

2011        Jan 28, An Israeli settler shot and critically wounded a Palestinian teenager in the West Bank, in the second such shooting in two days. The teenager from the village of Beit Safa was shot in the head during a clash with settlers near the city of Hebron.
    (AP, 1/28/11)

2011        Jan 30, Israeli officials agreed to allow Egypt to move several hundred troops into the Sinai peninsula for the first time since the countries reached peace three decades ago.
    (AP, 1/31/11)
2011        Jan 30, Israel sentenced a prominent Arab-Israeli human rights activist to nine years in jail after pleading guilty to spying for Lebanon's Hezbollah. Ameer Makhoul was convicted last October of espionage and aggravated espionage on the basis of a plea bargain in which the prosecution dropped a charge of assisting the enemy in time of war.
    (AFP, 1/30/11)
2011        Jan 30, Israel signed an agreement with the European Space Agency for cooperation on space technology and exploration of the solar system.
    (AFP, 1/30/11)

2011        Feb 5, Unknown saboteurs attacked an Egyptian pipeline supplying gas to Jordan, forcing authorities to switch off gas supply from a twin pipeline to Israel. Egypt supplies about 40 percent of Israel's natural gas. The attack came after Israel expressed concern that its natural gas supplies from Egypt could be threatened if a new regime takes power in Cairo.
    (AFP, 2/5/11)
2011        Feb 5, Israeli police arrested four men in the theft of religious items valued at more than $1 million from a synagogue in Italy. The 4 suspects, Israelis in their 20s, were accused of stealing the items from Milan's central synagogue last week and smuggling them to Israel.
    (AP, 2/7/11)

2011        Feb 7, In Israel Jerusalem officials pushed forward plans to build new Jewish housing in an Arab neighborhood in the city's eastern sector, drawing swift condemnation from Palestinians who see it as encroaching on land they seek for a future state.
    (AP, 2/7/11)

2011        Feb 9, Israeli aircraft overnight carried out retaliatory airstrikes in the Gaza territory after militants launched rockets into Israel on Feb 8. The airstrikes lightly wounded 8 Palestinians.
    (AP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 14, In Israel Jerusalem's municipal council approved the construction of 120 new homes in the Jewish settlement neighborhood of Ramot in occupied east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)

2011        Feb 17, Israeli forces shot dead three Palestinians along the tense border with the Gaza Strip before dawn. Soldiers fired on the men after they were spotted planting an explosive device in a no-go zone along the border between 2 and 3 am.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, A Lebanese military court convicted Amin al-Baba of spying for Israel and sentenced him to death. He had been spying for Israel from 1997 until his 2009 arrest.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Feb 18, The Obama administration vetoed a UN Arab-backed Security Council resolution that would have condemned Israel for continuing to build Jewish-only settlements in the West Bank.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 19, Dirar Abu Sisi (42), a Palestinian engineer, went missing "under unknown circumstances" after boarding a train in the Ukraine city of Kharkiv bound for the capital Kiev. The UN refugee agency later confirmed his wife's fears that he is being held in prison by the Israeli secret service. Sisi's Ukrainian wife, Veronika (32), alleged the Israeli secret service Mossad carried out the abduction in order to sabotage a key electric power plant in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip where he worked as a senior manager.
    (AP, 3/10/11)

2011        Feb 22, The US and Israel carried out a successful test of the Arrow anti-missile system off the coast of California.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, Christchurch, New Zealand, lay in ruins after a magnitude 6.3 earthquake toppled tall buildings and churches. The earthquake left at least 166 dead, including 21 Chinese students. The earthquake also caused some 30 million tons of ice to break off from New Zealand's biggest glacier. On Feb 3 rescuers officially gave up hope of finding more survivors.  On May 16 nine final victims of the earthquake were declared dead, ending an agonizing wait for families of people whose remains have never been identified in the wreckage. 3 Israelis died in the Christchurch quake that killed 181 people. Other Israelis escaped the quake. One of the Israelis who died was carrying at least five passports.
    (AFP, 2/23/11)(AP, 2/24/11)(AFP, 2/25/11)(AP, 3/4/11)(AP, 3/5/11)(AP, 5/16/11)(AP, 7/19/11)

2011        Feb 23, Israeli tank fire wounded 11 people in the Gaza Strip, including at least six militants. The military said it opened fire after the militants detonated a bomb targeting a passing Israeli patrol near the border and then fired mortars at the soldiers.
    (AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Feb 26, Israeli warplanes bombed militant training camps in the Gaza Strip for a second time, wounding four people, including a toddler. The raids came after pre-dawn strikes against two other training camps of the hardline Islamic Jihad group.
    (AFP, 2/26/11)

2011        Feb 27, A rocket fired from the Gaza Strip hit Israeli territory, raising Israel's alert level but causing no damage or casualties.
    (AFP, 2/27/11)

2011        Feb 28, Israeli police demolished two structures at an unauthorized West Bank outpost. This was followed by new hints from PM Benjamin Netanyahu that Israel could soon be forced to curb construction in the settlements.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

2011        Feb, Palestinian Hossam al-Ruweidi (24) was killed during an attack in central Jerusalem by four Jewish youths. In 2012 one of the youths (16) was sentenced to eight years in jail.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)

2011        Mar 1, Suspected Jewish settlers smashed the windows of 7 Palestinian cars and threw a fire bomb at a Palestinian house in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

2011        Mar 2, Jerusalem officials approved new housing for Jews in the heart of an Arab neighborhood, infuriating Palestinians who see the growing Jewish presence in the city's war-won eastern sector as undermining their aspirations to statehood. Israel closed the Karni Crossing east of Gaza City citing security concerns. This left only the Kerem Shalom checkpoint for commercial crossing.
    (AP, 3/2/11)(SFC, 3/3/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 8, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu vowed that Israeli troops would remain on the border between Jordan and the West Bank under any future peace deal with the Palestinians.
    (AFP, 3/8/11)

2011        Mar 11, An Israeli family of five, Ehud and Ruthy Fogel, their two young children and a baby, were knifed to death as they slept at the Itamar West Bank settlement. In September Hakim Awwad (18) was sentenced to five consecutive life sentences for the slayings. On Oct 4 an army statement said Amjad Awwad (19), a cousin of Hakim Awwad, has confessed to involvement in the slayings.
    (AP, 3/12/11)(AFP, 10/4/11)

2011        Mar 13, Israel said it has approved the building of 300 to 500 apartments and settler homes. They would take place in major West Bank settlement blocs that Israel expects to hold on to in any final peace deal.
    (AP, 3/13/11)

2011        Mar 15, The Israeli navy intercepted an Egyptian-bound ship carrying a large delivery of weapons off the Mediterranean coast, saying the arms had been sent by Syria to Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip. PM Netanyahu said the source of the weaponry was Iran.
    (AP, 3/15/11)

2011        Mar 16, Israeli aircraft fired rockets at a Hamas training ground in the Gaza Strip, killing two militants from the Islamist group.
    (AFP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 19, Palestinian militants in Gaza fired 54 rockets into Israel, the heaviest barrage in two years. A Hamas official was killed and four civilians were wounded when Israel hit back with tank fire and air strikes. The Israeli army opened fire on two men who were spotted moving suspiciously toward a frontier "no-go" zone. The bodies of Salah Abu Attwa and Imad Faraj, both 17, were found the next day.
    (AP, 3/19/11)(AFP, 3/20/11)

2011        Mar 20, Palestinian militants fired a rocket into southern Israel, while Israeli troops killed two Palestinians in a fresh wave of violence along the volatile border with Gaza.
    (AP, 3/20/11)

2011        Mar 22, An Israeli court ordered former Israeli President Moshe Katsav to prison for seven years following a rape conviction, rejecting his attorneys' request for leniency and making him the highest-ranking Israeli official ever sentenced to jail.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, The Israeli military struck a series of Palestinian militant targets in the Gaza Strip, damaging smuggling tunnels and suspected weapons sites. Palestinian officials said 19 people were wounded. The shelling killed 3 children and their uncle and wounded 13 other family members as they played soccer in a backyard.
    (AP, 3/22/11)(SFC, 3/23/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 23, The Israeli parliament approved a pair of laws that critics said were discriminatory and aimed against the country's Arab minority, who made up roughly one-fifth of Israel's 7.7 million people. A bomb exploded at a bus stop in central Jerusalem, killing a British woman, Mary Jean Gardner (59), and wounding 38 people. Two Grad rockets slammed into the Israeli city of Beersheva, as Gaza militants vowed to strike deep into the Jewish state after raids killed 8 Gazans.
    (AP, 3/23/11)(AFP, 3/23/11)(SFC, 3/24/11, p.A5)(SFC, 3/25/11, p.A3)
2011        Mar 23, South Africaís University of Johannesburg voted to sever ties with Israel's Ben-Gurion University, acting on calls from hundreds of South African academics and intellectuals for an academic boycott in a growing campaign to isolate Israel for its attacks on Palestinians in Gaza. It will end a 25-year relationship on April 1, but professors can continue to work individually with Ben-Gurion.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 24, Israeli aircraft struck the Gaza Strip in response to militant rocket and mortar attacks, stoking concerns that a grave new round of hostilities will fill the vacuum left by an impasse in Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking. At least 10 rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/24/11)(SFC, 3/25/11, p.A3)
2011        Mar 24, Eyad Abuarga, an Palestinian-born Australian information technology expert, was detained in Israel over alleged links to Hamas.
    (AFP, 5/29/11)(http://tinyurl.com/4xfnexu)

 2011        Mar 25, Israel deployed its newly developed "Iron Dome" rocket defense system for the first time to defend its southern communities from attacks by Gaza militants after a bloody week of Palestinian strikes and Israeli reprisals.
    (AP, 3/25/11)
2011        Mar 25, A Palestinian was shot and wounded by Israeli police after he injured a soldier in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/25/11)

2011        Mar 26, Gaza militants fired over 50 mortar shells into southern Israel. One rocket damaged a house.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 27, Israel deployed a cutting-edge rocket defense system, rolling out the latest tool in its arsenal to stop a recent spike in attacks from the neighboring Gaza Strip. ďIron Dome" is expected to be fully operational in a matter of months. Israeli aircraft struck a Palestinian rocket squad in the Gaza Strip, killing two militants as the military activated a new defense system to shoot down incoming rockets.
    (AP, 3/27/11)

2011        Mar 27, Israel deployed a cutting-edge rocket defense system on the outskirts of Beersheba. ďIron Dome" is expected to be fully operational in a matter of months. Israeli aircraft struck a Palestinian rocket squad in the Gaza Strip, killing two militants as the military activated a new defense system to shoot down incoming rockets.
    (AP, 3/27/11)(SFC, 3/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 29, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu filed $300,000 libel suits against an Israeli TV station and a newspaper over reports he allegedly took expensive flights, hotels and restaurant meals from wealthy associates.
    (AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 30, An Israeli aircraft attacked a pair of Palestinian militants riding on a motorcycle in the Gaza Strip, killing one and wounding the other.
    (AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 31, The Israeli military released a map detailing what it says are nearly 1,000 underground bunkers, weapons storage facilities and monitoring sites built by the militant Hezbollah guerrillas in southern Lebanon.
    (AP, 3/31/11)

2011        Apr 1, Israel asked the United Nations to help prevent activists sailing to Gaza on the first anniversary of the bloody Israeli seizure of a Turkish ship that tried to reach the blockaded Palestinian enclave.
    (Reuters, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 2, Israeli aircraft killed 3 Palestinian militants who were planning to abduct Israelis over the upcoming Jewish festival of Passover.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, South African judge Richard Goldstone said he had been wrong to say Israel had targeted civilians in his 2009 report on Israelís 2008-2998 offensive in Gaza. He had faced down enormous criticism in Israel at the time over the report which accused both Israel and the Hamas rulers of Gaza of potential war crimes during the 22-day conflict. He said his assessment had also been changed by the fact that whereas Israel had thoroughly investigated the concerns raised by his panel, Hamas had not.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)

2011        Apr 3, Israel demanded that the United Nations bin a report critical of its deadly 2008-2009 offensive on Gaza after the author, South African judge Richard Goldstone, said he had been wrong to say it had targeted civilians.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)

2011        Apr 4, An Israeli court indicted Dirar Abu Sisi, a Palestinian engineer captured on Feb 19 in Ukraine, on charges he was a senior Hamas operative who developed sophisticated rockets for the Islamic militant group.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Israel asked Facebook to pull down a page with 350,000 ďfans" calling for ďthe third Palestinian uprising." Facebook at first refused, but took the page down a day later.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.F9)
2011        Apr 4, In the northern West Bank Juliano Mer-Khamis, a well-known actor and theatre director born of Jewish and Arab parents, died when a gunman opened fire on his car in the Jenin refugee camp as he was driving home with his infant son and the babysitter.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 5, Palestinian authorities said Mohammed Shalha (21) was killed by Israeli fire along Gaza's volatile border. Relatives of Shalha said he was collecting gravel along the border. The Israeli military said the man was armed, and that soldiers opened fire after spotting him.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Sudan an unidentified plane flew in from the Red Sea and fired a missile at a car travelling from the airport to Port Sudan, killing both passengers and destroying the vehicle. The next day Foreign Minister Ali Ahmad Karti accused Israel of carrying out the air strike.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 6, Israeli aircraft attacked two targets in the Gaza Strip, wounding four people, among them a pregnant woman. A group of prominent Israelis, many of them former defense chiefs, launched a new peace plan calling for the establishment of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 7, Israeli tanks quickly retaliated after an anti-tank missile fired from the Gaza Strip struck a school bus in southern Israel, wounding two people, including one child. The critically injured boy (16) died of his wounds on April 17. The missile attack came hours after Israel carried out a series of airstrikes against tunnels it says are used by militants to smuggle weapons under the Egyptian border and carry out attacks. The tank fire killed a 50-year-old man and wounded 7 other people.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 8, Israeli aircraft and ground forces struck Gaza, killing 9 Palestinians including 5 militia fighters, in a surge of fighting sparked by a Palestinian rocket attack on an Israeli school bus the day before.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A3)

2011        Apr 9, Palestinian militants fired over 30 rockets at southern Israel. Israeli warplanes killed 5 militants in the Gaza Strip.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A4)

2011        Apr 10, Sudan said that remnants of a missile used in a mysterious attack that killed two people on April 5 proved that Israel carried out the strike.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 11, Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu asked a government panel to put off final approval of 2,500 new apartments in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 12, In Israel followers of the Bahai faith unveiled their newly renovated holy site on the Israeli coast, drawing attention to one of the Holy Land's lesser-known religions.
    (AP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 14, Britain's Guardian newspaper published a statement by the co-authors of a scathing UN report on Israel's conduct during its 2008-2009 offensive in Gaza. They said they stand by their work, hitting back at critics who've pushed to have its findings withdrawn after the report's lead author, Richard Goldstone, aired doubts about one of its central conclusions.
    (AP, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 16, A senior Iranian military official said experts have determined the United States and Israel were behind a mysterious computer worm known as Stuxnet that has harmed Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 17, Israel announced the arrests of two Palestinian teenagers in the deadly March 11 stabbings of a West Bank settler family. Hakim Awad (17) was arrested on April 5, and Amjad Awad (18), taken into custody on April 10. They said they are cousins, and that five other Palestinians have been arrested as suspected accomplices.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Iranís Kayhan daily reported that an Iranian military commander has accused German engineering company Siemens of helping the United States and Israel launch the Stuxnet virus, a cyber attack on its nuclear facilities.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 20, Prominent Israeli intellectuals and artists came out in favor of creating a Palestinian state based on the 1967 line marking the West Bank. Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem. 47 signatories to a statement released today called for an Israeli pullout from the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, Israeli police arrested two Israelis in connection with a seizure of over $60 million worth of cocaine smuggled into Israel aboard a Colombian vessel.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        Apr 24, A Palestinian policeman opened fire at a group of Israelis who had come to pray at a Jewish holy site in the West Bank without authorization, killing one and wounding four. Hours later, Jewish settlers attacked Palestinian cars south of Nablus, setting fire to one after its passengers fled and stoning passing vehicles before Israeli soldiers dispersed them.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 27, Rival Palestinian groups said they reached an agreement on reuniting their governments in the West Bank and Gaza after years of bitter infighting that weakened them politically and caused the deaths of hundreds in violent clashes and crackdowns since. Israel swiftly rejected the prospect.
    (AP, 4/27/11)

2011        May 1, Israel's finance minister said Israel is suspending the transfer of Palestinian tax and customs fees to the Palestinian Authority (PA) until it is sure the money will not reach Hamas.
    (AFP, 5/1/11)

2011        May 2, Israeli-based Teva Pharmaceutical said it will pay $6.8 billion to acquire Cephalon Inc.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.D2)

2011        May 3, Japanís Nikkei newspaper said Israel's Teva Pharmaceutical Industries has decided to buy Japan's third-largest generic drug company Taiyo Pharmaceutical Industry for about $500 million.
    (AFP, 5/3/11)

2011        May 4, Rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas proclaimed a landmark, Egyptian-mediated reconciliation pact signed in Cairo aimed at ending their bitter four-year rift. Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal said that his Islamist movement would work to achieve the "Palestinian national goal" of a sovereign state on the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Gaza's Hamas rulers executed a man convicted of collaborating with Israel. His execution was the 11th in Gaza since Hamas violently wrested control of the territory in June 2007.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AFP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/5/11)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.51)

2011        May 9, The Palestinian Authority said it had not been able to pay salaries for the first time since 2007 because of Israel's decision to halt the transfer of funds it collects on its behalf.
    (Reuters, 5/9/11)

2011        May 13, Palestinian teen Milad Said Ayyash was fatally wounded after being shot and wounded near a Jewish settler enclave in east Jerusalem. New clashes erupted in the disputed city ahead of Palestinian commemoration of their uprooting more than six decades ago.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)

2011        May 15, Israeli troops clashed with Arab protesters along three hostile borders, leaving at least 12 people dead and dozens wounded in an unprecedented wave of violence marking the anniversary of the mass displacement of Palestinians surrounding Israel's establishment in 1948. Israeli gunfire killed two protesters and wounded dozens as civilians crossed from Syria onto the annexed Golan Heights, raising tensions between Damascus and the Jewish state. 10 of the dead were Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon.
    (AP, 5/15/11)(AFP, 5/15/11)(AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 16, The Israeli military blocked a Malaysian anti-war group's ship from reaching the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. The Malaysian group, the Perdana Global Peace Foundation, said its ship was fired at when it tried to reach Gaza. The military denied firing at the ship.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Israeli authorities arrested John Lund (70), a retired US lecturer, on suspicion of trafficking antiquities stolen from Israel. Lund was allowed to leave after posting a $7,500 bond meant to guarantee he will return to stand trial.
    (AP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 20, President Barack Obama met with Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu. Netanyahu warned Obama against chasing what he called a Middle East peace "based on illusions" as he lectured the US president amid a widening rift in US-Israeli ties.
    (AFP, 5/20/11)(AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 20, Two young Palestinians were moderately wounded in Gaza when Israeli troops opened fire at a protest near the border fence.
    (AFP, 5/20/11)

2011        May 22, Anti-settlement NGO Peace Now reported that Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak has approved the construction of 294 new homes in Beitar Ilit settlement on the occupied West Bank.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 31, The Israeli military said it has arrested a dozen Palestinian militants in nighttime raids around Jenin in the West Bank. The suspects were linked to Islamic Jihad, which has targeted Israeli civilians in suicide bombings and other deadly attacks.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2010        May 31, Israeli naval commandos stormed a flotilla of ships carrying aid and hundreds of pro-Palestinian activists to the blockaded Gaza Strip, killing 9 passengers on the Mavi Marmara in a predawn raid that set off worldwide condemnation and a diplomatic crisis. At least 4 of the 9 dead were Turkish. A massive protest broke out in Turkey, Israel's longtime Muslim ally, which unofficially supported the mission. Ankara announced it would recall its ambassador and call off military exercises with the Jewish state. The flotilla of three cargo ships and three passenger ships carrying 10,000 tons of aid and 700 activists was carrying items that Israel bars from reaching Gaza, like cement and other building materials. Israeli police said 16 pro-Palestinian activists from the flotilla were sent to jail following the deadly confrontation. Turkey sent three planes to bring back some 20 Turks wounded during clashes that broke out when Israeli commandos raided the Turkish vessel.
    (AP, 5/31/10)(AP, 6/1/10)(Econ, 1/28/12, p.54)

2011        Jun 3, In Israel billionaire Sammy Ofer (89) died after a long illness. Along with his brother, Ofer owned one of the world's biggest container shipping companies. Ofer's name was recently in the news after the US government sanctioned one of his companies for doing business with Iran's national shipping company.
    (AP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 5, Israeli troops opened fire across the Syrian frontier to disperse hundreds of pro-Palestinian protesters who stormed the border of the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights. Syrian state television said 20 people were killed by the Israeli Defense Forces. Israelis said only 10 demonstrators were killed near Kuneitra when their own Molotov cocktails triggered border anti-tank mines.
    (AP, 6/5/11)(Reuters, 6/5/11)(AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A2)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.54)

2011        Jun 12, In Egypt Ilan Grapel, an Israeli legal aid worker, was arrested in Cairo on suspicion of spying. In October Israelís government announced plans for his release in exchange for 25 Egyptian prisoners. The exchange took place on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 17, In Israel an explosion in a residential building in Netanya killed 3 people. The blast appeared to be due to a gas cylinder used for cooking fuel.
    (SFC, 6/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 17, The Ynet website reported that a Jerusalem rabbinical court has condemned to death by stoning a dog it suspects is the reincarnation of a secular lawyer who insulted the court's judges 20 years ago.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 19, In Israel the Jerusalem municipality approved the expansion of 2,000 homes in the settlement district of Ramat Shlomo, allowing each Israeli home to add an additional room.
    (AFP, 6/19/11)

2011        Jun 23, An Egyptian state security court sentenced Tareq Hassan, an Egyptian businessman, to 25 years in prison for spying for Israel. Two Israeli citizens were also sentenced in absentia to 25 years in jail.
    (AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 24, Palestinian protesters rammed a bulldozer into a contested barrier near the village of Bilin, days after the Israeli army said it would finally comply with a court order and reposition the fence.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 26, The Israeli cabinet approved broad economic sanctions against Iran, bringing the Jewish state into line with measures taken by other governments.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, Israel began tearing down a section of its contentious West Bank separation barrier near Bilin village that has come to symbolize Palestinian opposition to the enclosure. Two Palestinians, and five in the nearby village of Naalin, have died and hundreds others have been wounded since the Bilin protests began in 2005.
    (AP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 27, The Israeli government dropped a threat to issue lengthy deportation orders against journalists aboard a Gaza-bound flotilla. Israel's security cabinet ordered the navy to stop an international aid flotilla from breaching a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip but to avoid clashes with activists on board.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AFP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jun 29, The Israeli military razed the West Bank settlement outpost of Ramat Migron, prompting clashes with youths that resulted in two arrests. The makeshift settlement, outpost established without Israeli government permission, has been razed several times since 2009.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jun 30, Organizers of a pro-Palestinian flotilla that will try to break Israel's sea blockade of the Gaza Strip accused Israel of sabotaging a second ship.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jul 5, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak called off the impending transfer of the remains of 84 Palestinian militants from an Israeli grave site to the West Bank ó just hours after the military confirmed the planned handover. Israeli aircraft fired at Gaza militants about to launch rockets at Israel, killing two.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 7, An Israeli tank hit a roadside bomb that was planted by Palestinian militants along the border with the Hamas-run Gaza Strip. A soldier was slightly injured in the incident.
    (AP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 8, Scores of pro-Palestinian activists trying to reach Tel Aviv, as part of a coordinated protest, were blocked at European airports. 6 activists who managed to land were deported as Israel moved to defuse the mass arrival envisioned by organizers.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 12, Israeli air raids hit what the military called two "weapons manufacturing sites" in northern Gaza.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 13, Israel said it has given final approval to build its Museum of Tolerance over a centuries-old Muslim graveyard in the Jewish western half of Jerusalem.
    (AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, In Israel hundreds of ultra-Orthodox Jews clashed with police in a conservative neighborhood of Jerusalem as tax officials tried to close down an illegal slaughterhouse.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, Israeli soldiers killed Ibrahim Sarhan (21), a member of Hamas, during a raid on a northern West Bank refugee camp. He was shot dead as he emerged from a mosque and tried to flee during an Israeli arrest operation in Al-Fara camp. Israeli jets bombed two sites in Gaza, wounding one woman, after Palestinians fired three rockets into southern Israel. Israeli aircraft targeted three tunnels, two used for smuggling in southern Gaza and one "used for terrorist activity" in the north of the Palestinian territory.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)(AFP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 14, Israeli jets struck three targets in Gaza, moderately wounding four Palestinians.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 15, Some 1,000 Israelis and Palestinians gathered in east Jerusalem for a protest march to support the Palestinian bid for United Nations recognition.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 17, A spokesman for the Hamas-run medical services in the Gaza Strip, said 4 children and 3 adults suffered moderate injuries in air strikes in the northern Beit Hanun area. Israel denied it had carried out any such raid.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 18, Israel put out bids to build 336 apartments in Jewish settlements in the West Bank, a new blow to international efforts to get Israelis and Palestinians back to peace talks after months of deadlock over settlement construction.
    (AP, 7/18/11)

2011        Jul 19, Israeli naval commandos seized control of a French ship attempting to break Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip, reporting no resistance during the takeover in international waters. 16 people, including pro-Palestinian activists from France, Canada and Sweden, journalists and three crew members, were aboard the Dignity al-Karama, a French-based ship.
    (AP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 23, In Israel tens of thousands marched in the coastal city of Tel Aviv to protest against rising housing prices and social inequalities in the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)

2011        Jul 25, Israeli security forces intercepted on the Dead Sea carrying assault rifles and ammunition from Jordan.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, In Jerusalem Christian, Jewish and Muslim leaders joined forces to launch a multi-faith environmental campaign, the Interfaith Centre for Sustainable Development, citing religious injunctions to protect the Earth across their three faiths.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 26, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu unveiled a series of reforms to address a massive housing crisis which has sparked the biggest social protests seen in the Jewish state since the 1970s. He said some 50,000 homes would be built and put on the market in the next 18 months, and pledged to build 10,000 dormitory places for university and college students, who would also benefit from subsidized public transport.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)

2011        Aug 1, Israeli soldiers shot dead 2 Palestinian stone throwers overnight in the Qalandiya refugee camp in the West Bank. Moatassem Adwan (22) and Ali Khalifa (23) were killed by soldiers as they carried out arrests in the camp.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)

2011        Aug 2, The Israeli military said it has slapped restraining orders on 12 Israeli settlers,  accused of setting fire to Palestinian mosques, property and vehicles, limiting their movement in the West Bank. Israelís Supreme Court ordered the government to remove the largest unauthorized settlement outpost in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 3, Activists from Israel's social protest movement reacted furiously after parliament passed a housing bill that they say will favor the rich and endanger the environment.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 4, An Israeli a prison services spokeswoman said Israel is to free 770 Israeli and Palestinian prisoners due to overcrowding. They included Hassan Yusef, a founder of the Islamist movement Hamas. Israel's air force carried out 3 night time raids on the Gaza Strip, wounding 3 people. The Israeli army said they had targeted 3 tunnels and an operations base in the central Gaza Strip and a fourth target in the south in response to rocket fire.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 6, In Israel over a quarter of a million people poured into the streets of major cities in the ďmovement for justice," an ongoing protest over the cost of living.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A8)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.38)
2011        Aug 6, Hamas security forces in the Gaza Strip detained two members of a Salafist organization called Al-Tawfid wal Jihad, an Islamist group suspected of firing rockets at Israel. (AFP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 11, Israel's interior minister gave final authorization to build 1,600 apartments in disputed east Jerusalem and said it will approve 2,700 more in days.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Israeli media said Dirar Abu Sisi, a Gazan engineer snatched from Ukraine, has told Israeli interrogators that he headed a Hamas military academy to rebuild Hamas fighting capabilities after a devastating war with Israel. Hamas has denied that Abu Sisi had any connection to the organization.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)

2011        Aug 13, Israelís military magazine Ba'mahaneh reported that the army is planting new land mines along its border with Syria in an attempt to dissuade protesters from rushing into the Golan Heights. Tens of thousands of Israelis poured into streets across the country for a fourth consecutive week, expanding their protest movement against the nation's high cost of living from major central cities to smaller ones in outlying areas.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 15, Israel was reported to have approved the building of 277 apartments in the Jewish settlement in Ariel, the deepest one inside the West Bank, defying international criticism of continued construction on land the Palestinians claim for a state.
    (AP, 8/15/11)

2011        Aug 16, Israeli aircraft struck 5 targets in the Gaza Strip, killing 1 militant and wounding 4 other Palestinians in retaliation for rocket fire on southern Israel the previous evening. Another Palestinian was killed as he approached the Gaza border.
    (AP, 8/16/11)

2011        Aug 18, In southern Israel assailants armed with heavy weapons, guns and explosives launched three attacks in quick succession near the border with Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, killing 8 people and wounding about a dozen more. Israeli security forces tracked down some of the assailants and are engaged in an ongoing gunbattle with them. 3 Egyptian security personnel died as a result of the gunbattles. 2 more died from wounds the next day. A 6th died from wounds in September. Israel responded hours after the border attack with an airstrike in Gaza that killed five members of the Palestinian group that Israel said was behind it, an organization known as the Popular Resistance Committees. The dead included the group's leader.
    (AP, 8/18/11)(AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)

2011        Aug 19, Gaza militants launched barrages of rockets deep into Israel. Israeli aircraft struck targets in the Palestinian territory in the aftermath of the deadliest attack against Israelis in three years. Hamas said two children, 3 and 13, were killed in the Israeli strikes.
    (AP, 8/19/11)

2011        Aug 20, Egypt said it would recall its ambassador from Israel to protest the deaths of at least 3 Egyptian troops killed in a shootout between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 21, Palestinian militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip bombarded southern Israel with rockets and mortars and Israel hit back with an airstrike. Israeli troops also rounded up 50 Hamas activists in the West Bank in a sweeping overnight raid. Gaza militants agreed to a cease-fire with Israel to stop three days of violence.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 22, Palestinian militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip fired rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, despite an unofficial truce meant to defuse days of escalating violence.
    (AP, 8/22/11)

2011        Aug 24, Israeli aircraft killed a militant from Gaza's Islamic Jihad faction before dawn. They later targeted two militants who had fired two mortars at Israel shortly before. Israeli air strikes on Gaza killed 4 people Palestinians including 2 Islamic Jihad militants.
    (AP, 8/24/11)(AFP, 8/25/11)

2011        Aug 25, Israeli air strikes on Gaza killed 2 Palestinians. Over the last 24 hour period, Gaza militants fired 19 rockets and mortars into southern Israel, lightly injuring an infant.
    (AFP, 8/25/11)

2011        Aug 26, Israel said it is allowing Jewish settlers to expand a building in Hebron, one of the West Bank's most volatile cities. Hebron is holy to Muslims and Jews. Today, more than 600 Jews live there in fortified enclaves amid 170,000 Palestinians. Gaza militants called their second truce in less than five days in an attempt to keep more than a week of hostilities with Israel from escalating.
    (AP, 8/26/11)

2011        Aug 29, A Palestinian attacker (21) wounded 7 Israelis, one critically, near a Tel Aviv nightclub early in the day, hitting a police checkpoint with a stolen taxi and then stabbing others.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Sep 2, Israeli activists have called for a Sep 3 "demonstration of one million" people as part of their ongoing protest movement against rising costs of living in the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Turkey expelled the Israeli ambassador to Ankara and suspended all military ties with its one-time ally after a UN report slammed the "excessive" force used in the  May 31, 2010, raid on a Gaza aid flotilla.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)

2011        Sep 3, Witnesses said Egypt's military has started to close smuggling tunnels to Gaza, amid Israeli warnings of plans by Gazan militants to attack the Jewish state through Egyptian territory.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 4, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu pledged "real" economic change after massive nationwide protests that broke Israeli records and prompted questions about the future of the social movement.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)

2011        Sep 5, The Israeli military razed three buildings before dawn in Migron, an unauthorized West Bank settlement outpost, and clashed with settlers who reject a Supreme Court ruling ordering the enclave to be dismantled.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 7, Israelís Shin Bet security service said security forces have arrested Hamas militants accused in a March 23 bombing that killed British woman Mary Jean Gardner and wounded dozens of civilians. A Palestinian militant from the Islamic Jihad faction was killed by an explosion in a car in central Gaza. Another militant in the car was badly wounded. Islamic Jihad said the car was hit by an Israeli airstrike. The Israeli military denied involvement.
    (AP, 9/7/11)

2011        Sep 9, In Egypt thousands demonstrated in Cairo's Tahrir Square against the pace of reform under the country's military rulers. Smaller crowds demonstrated in other Egyptian cities. Hundreds of protesters tore down a concrete security wall that authorities had recently erected outside the Israel embassy building. Young men battered the wall with sledgehammers, ripping off chunks with their bare hands. Protesters were able to get to the top of the building and pull down the Israeli flag, which they replaced with the Egyptian flag.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 10, Israelís ambassador to Egypt and the entire embassy staff except for one deputy ambassador were evacuated along with their families in the face of the overnight rampage at the Nile-side embassy in Cairo, when hundreds of protesters tore down a concrete security wall outside the building, set fires in the street and dozens broke into an office of the embassy tossing documents off the balcony to the crowd below.
    (AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 19, Israeli settlers in the West Bank set fire to dozens of acres of farm land and cut down some 500 olive, fig and almond trees near the villages of Einabous and Deir Istiya.
    (AP, 9/20/11)

2011        Sep 23, In Israel a car crash killed an Israeli settlement father and his infant son in the West Bank. An investigation found that he lost control of his car after he was hit in the head by a stone.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 23, Islamic nations at a 151-nation IAEA conference in Vienna demanded that Israel open its nuclear program to international purview, asserting that its undeclared atomic arms program is a threat to Mideast peace.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, Palestinians calling for UN recognition of a Palestinian state clashed with Israeli soldiers in the West Bank, just hours before their president, Mahmoud Abbas, was to deliver his widely anticipated request to the world body.
    (AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 26, Undercover Israeli police officers arrested Ahmed Abu Atoun, a Hamas lawmaker who had been hiding in the Red Cross' office in east Jerusalem for the past year. Lawmaker Mohammed Abu Teir was taken into custody earlier this month after venturing out of the compound.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Israel's national museum and the international web giant Google led a project, that put five Dead Sea scrolls online today. The scrolls include the biblical Book of Isaiah.
    (AP, 9/26/11)

2011        Sep 27, Israel's government granted the go-ahead for construction of 1,100 new housing units in occupied east Jerusalem, raising already heightened tensions fueled by last week's Palestinian move to seek UN membership.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Egypt assailants in two pickup trucks struck a pumping station on a gas pipeline to Israel about 15 miles (25 km) west of the region's main city of el-Arish before, causing a loud explosion and fire.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Sep 28, Dozens of Palestinian olive trees were destroyed in an attack near the city of Hebron in what local residents called an act of revenge carried out by settlers.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 1, Israeli settlers from Yitzhar, near Nablus, invaded Palestinian olive groves in the West Bank and uprooted 200 trees around the villages of Hawwara and Ein Nabus.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 2, Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu's office said Israel "welcomes the Quartet's call for direct negotiations between the parties without preconditions" but said it has unspecified "concerns" about the proposal. The plan by the Quartet of Mideast mediators calls for the resumption of talks and a deal within a year.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, The Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported that Israeli writer Yoram Kaniuk has won a historic court victory granting his request to be officially registered as "without religion" rather than "Jewish." A Tel Aviv court sided with his demand, ruling last week that Israeli law allows citizens to be officially registered as having no religion.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 3, In northern Israel arsonists torched a mosque in an Arab village, setting off protests by residents who clashed with police. Graffiti sprayed at the site suggested Jewish radicals, suspected in other recent mosque fires, were involved.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Hanan Porat (67), a driving force behind Israel's settlement of the West Bank, died of cancer. The former Israeli lawmaker was a founder of the now-defunct movement Gush Emunim, Hebrew for "the bloc of the faithful" (1974), a messianic movement committed to settling land Israel captured in the 1967 war.
    (AP, 10/4/11)

2011        Oct 5, Israeli scientist Dan Shechtman was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for a discovery that faced skepticism and mockery. While doing research in the US in 1982, Shechtman discovered a new chemical structure, quasicrystals, that researchers previously thought was impossible.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 6, Israel's supreme court barred nuclear whistle-blower Mordechai Vanunu (56) from emigrating on the grounds he still poses a threat to state security. Vanunu served 18 years behind bars for disclosing the inner workings of Israel's Dimona nuclear plant to Britain's Sunday Times newspaper in 1986.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 10, In Israel nearly 300 residents at hospitals failed to turn up to work and hundreds more were poised to resign later the same day in a dispute over pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In the Gaza Strip at least one person has been killed in an explosion along the northern border with Israel. Israeli army officials believed the blast was set off by two militants who were trying to plant a bomb.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 11, Israel and Hamas announced that Sgt. Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier abducted to Gaza five years ago, would be swapped for about 1,000 Palestinians held by Israel and accused of militant activity. The next morning the Israeli Cabinet endorsed the Egyptian-brokered deal in a 26-3 vote. Shalit was expected to return via Egypt by Oct 19.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 13, A Hamas official said that close to 200 of the 450 Palestinians to be freed in the first phase of a swap for a captured Israeli soldier will not be allowed to return to their homes in the West Bank, Gaza or east Jerusalem, suggesting a substantial number may face deportation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 14, Israel unveiled plans to build 2,610 units on disputed Jerusalem land. The project would nearly cut Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem from West Bank communities.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 16, Israel released the names of the first 477 Palestinian prisoners to be exchanged for Staff Sgt. Gilad Schalit.
    (SFC, 10/17/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 18, Israeli soldier Gilad Schalit emerged from more than five years in Hamas captivity, surrounded by Hamas militants with black face masks and green headbands who handed him over to Egyptian mediators in an exchange for 1,000 Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 10/18/11)

2011        Oct 26, Talks between envoys of the international peacemaking Quartet and Israeli and Palestinian officials in Jerusalem ended with a pledge to introduce "comprehensive proposals" but no deal on new peace talks.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)

2011        Oct 27, Israeli police said vandals have cut down 20 olive trees belonging to a Palestinian family in Jerusalem, with a note at the scene implying it might have been a Jewish extremist act against Arabs.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Egypt Ilan Grapel (27), an Israeli held by Egypt since June 12 on espionage charges, was freed in exchange for 25 Egyptian citizens, mostly Bedouin residents of Sinai charged with smuggling.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 29, In Israel tens of thousands of people marched in Tel Aviv to express anger over the high cost of living. Thousands of others protested in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Israeli aircraft killed 5 Palestinian militants from the Islamic Jihad group whom it says were responsible for recent rocket attacks on Israel. Field commander Ahmed Sheikh Khalil was killed as militants were preparing to launch more rockets at Israel. Palestinians fired 10 rockets into Israel in the early hours of the morning, and Israeli aircraft targeted six militant sites in Gaza. 9 militants and an Israeli civilian were killed altogether in some of the worst violence in the area in months.
    (AP, 10/29/11)(AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, Saudi Prince Khaled bin Talal, brother of billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, told the kingdom's al-Daleel TV station by telephone that he was raising a previous offer made by Sheik Awadh al-Qarani, a prominent Saudi cleric who promised $100,000 for capturing an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 10/30/11)

2011        Oct 30, An Israeli aircraft struck a pair of Palestinian militants, killing one man and wounding a second in a new eruption of violence that raised the death toll in a weekend of rocket attacks and airstrikes to 11.
    (AP, 10/30/11)

2011        Oct 31, Israeli aircraft struck the southern Gaza Strip targeting rocket-launching militants. Palestinian officials reported that two men were found dead in the area. The Israeli military said its aircraft attacked a squad that had just fired a rocket into Israel.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD) submitted complaints to three UN Special Reporters, demanding they launch an investigation into the legality of Israel's policy in the eastern sector of Jerusalem, which it occupied in 1967 and later annexed, a move never recognized by the rest of the world. The group's report "No Home, No Homeland" accuses Israel of making it almost impossible for Palestinians to obtain building permits.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        Oct, Israeli Anat Kam, a former solider, was sentenced to four and a half years in jail after pleading guilty to leaking military documents. Kam had handed some 1,800 documents to journalist Uri Blau who used some of them as the source for an article in 2008 which said troops had been ordered to carry out targeted killings of Palestinian militants in violation of a Supreme Court order.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)

2011        Nov 1, Israeli troops in Ramallah rearrested Hassan Yusef, a senior Hamas official overnight, along with his son. Yusef was freed on August 4 as part of a mass release of Israeli and Palestinian prisoners due to overcrowding. He had six weeks left of his sentence.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Hackers from around the world attacked Palestinian servers, cutting Internet service across the West Bank and Gaza, one day after the Palestinians won full membership of UNESCO.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)

2011        Nov 3, Palestinians said Israel has carried out its threat to suspend transfer of tax payments totaling some $100 million to the Palestinians Authority to protest this week's admission of Palestine to the United Nations' cultural agency. 2 Palestinian men were reported killed in clashes with Israeli forces.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, French President Nicolas Sarkozy branded Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu "a liar" in a private conversation with US President Barack Obama that was accidentally broadcast to journalists during the G20 summit in Cannes.
    (Reuters, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 4, Israeli naval vessels intercepted two protest boats on their way to Gaza to try to break Israel's blockade. Commandos boarded the Irish-flagged Saoirse (Freedom) and the Canadian ship Tahrir (Arabic for Liberation) in international waters off Gaza before the navy escorted them to the port of Ashdod.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AFP, 11/5/11)

2011        Nov 5, Israel freed six of 27 passengers and crew who were aboard two ships intercepted by its navy while trying to breach the Jewish state's blockade on the Hamas-run Gaza Strip. The six released included an Israeli Arab, two Greek crewmen and three journalists -- from Egypt, Spain and the United States. Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip killed an Islamic Jihad militant and wounded three other Palestinians.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)(AFP, 11/6/11)

2011        Nov 6, Israeli President Shimon Peres warned that an attack on Iran is becoming increasingly likely, days before a report by the UN's nuclear watchdog on Iran's nuclear program is due.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, The websites of Israel's army and intelligence services were down today, two days after a hacker group appeared to threaten the Jewish state over its interception of a Gaza-bound flotilla.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)

2011        Nov 7, Israel was hit by a brief general strike that affected hospitals, banks, ports and the country's main international airport, but which ended after just four hours. Its scope was limited to four hours following an all-night session by the National Labour Court which met after the collapse of talks between the powerful Histadrut trades union and the finance ministry. The Histadrut has accused the government of massively increasing its use of contract workers and is demanding it offer hundreds of thousands of them coverage under the civil service's collective bargaining agreement.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, The Israeli military opened fire at a group of militants planting explosives along Gaza's border with Israel. Gaza health officials said tank shrapnel wounded three Palestinians, one of whom was in critical condition.
    (AP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 8, Israelís Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said only crippling sanctions against Iran's central bank and its oil and gas industries will force Tehran to halt its nuclear drive. The UN atomic agency said for the first time that Iran is suspected of conducting secret experiments whose sole purpose is the development of nuclear arms.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)(AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 9, Israeli warplanes raided the Gaza Strip after a rocket was fired at southern Israel. Three Palestinian cars were set ablaze overnight in the West Bank village of Beit Omar near Hebron and a house sprayed with graffiti. Hardline Jewish settlers have adopted what they call a "price tag" policy under which they have attacked mainly Palestinians and their property in response to Israeli government measures against settlements.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)

2011        Nov 10, Israel's Supreme Court ordered former President Moshe Katsav (65) to spend seven years in prison after rejecting the disgraced politician's appeal of a rape conviction and other sex crimes. He was convicted last December of raping a former employee when he was a Cabinet minister and of sexually harassing two other women during his term as president from 2000 to 2007.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, An Israeli court ordered a Brooklyn man, Yitzchak Shuchat, extradited to the US in connection with an April 2008 assault on a black man, Andrew Charles, in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Egypt 2 explosions a gas pipeline halting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 14, Israeli Cabinet ministers decided to hold on to some $100 million in taxes owed to the Palestinians, an official said, despite warnings from Israel's Defense Ministry that the measure could threaten the stability of the Palestinian government in the West Bank. A Hamas naval policeman was killed and 7 others wounded in an Israeli airstrike on their building in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, A Kenya government statement said PM Raila Odinga asked Israeli President Shimon Peres for assistance in building the capacity of the Kenyan police to deal with attacks by al-Shabab militants.
    (AP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 16, Israel's domestic security agency Shin Bet said in a statement that Israeli forces have arrested four Palestinians accused of attacks against Israelis, including shooting at an army patrol. Israel allowed the first truckloads of a  rare shipment of construction materials into Gaza to allow the reconstruction of 10 privately owned factories.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)(SFC, 11/17/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 17, Annual figures from Israelís National Insurance Institute showed one in four Israelis was living under the poverty line in 2010, although the numbers showed an improvement since 2009.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 19, Israeli researcher Dror Etkes said 375 acres from the Palestinian village of Bardaleh have been annexed to the Israeli Kibbutz Meirav.
    (AP, 11/19/11)

2011        Nov 20, In Israel officials and the "All for Peace" radio station operators said the government has ordered the shutdown of a dovish Israeli-Palestinian radio station. A shutdown order was issued last week. The West Bank station, which has been operating since 2004, said it would go to court in Israel to try to get back on the air.
    (AP, 11/20/11)

2011        Nov 24, Israeli ministers decided, for the time being, to maintain a freeze on the transfer of tens of millions of dollars in tax monies to the Palestinian Authority. This followed hours after Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas held top-level talks with Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal at which they announced a new era of "partnership."
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 24, Israeli women's rights activists marched through Tel Aviv carrying black coffins to raise awareness about domestic violence in Israel, which so far this year has claimed 24 women's lives.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 25, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a gas pipeline which supplies Egyptian gas to Israel, in the eighth such attack this year.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)

2011        Nov 26, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket into the Eshkol region of southern Israel. The attack only damaged a farm outbuilding.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 27, Palestinian officials said they will not be able to pay the next round of public sector salaries due to Israeli sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 28, Israeli settlement watchdog Peace Now said Israel has approved construction of more 119 homes in the West Bank settlement of Shilo, a move likely to bring fresh international condemnation.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Chinese automaker Chery Automobile Co. and partner Israel Corp. launched the 50-50 joint venture Qoros Automotive Co., seeking fresh appeal both overseas and in the slowing local market. Israel Corp. is Israel's largest holding company, with interests mainly in chemicals, shipping and energy.
    (AP, 11/28/11)

2011        Nov 29, Rockets fired from Lebanon struck northern Israel for the first time in more than two years, drawing a burst of Israeli artillery fire across the tense border. No casualties or major damage were reported.
    (AP, 11/29/11)

2011        Nov 30, Israel announced that it would release tens of millions of dollars of tax funds owed to the Palestinians, ending a standoff that the Palestinians say has caused grave damage to their fragile economy.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, A senior German official said the government has approved the subsidized sale of another Dolphin-type military submarine to Israel. Israel already has 3 Dolphin submarines from Germany, one half-funded and two entirely funded by Berlin.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Dec 7, Israel's official Holocaust memorial says it has received its largest private donation ever, a $25 million gift from US casino mogul Sheldon Adelson. He also owns a leading daily newspaper, Israel Hayom, which is distributed in Israel for free.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Israeli warplanes hit targets east of Gaza City, killing one militant and injuring another two, with the military saying they were planning to fire rockets across the border.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 8, An Israeli strike killed 2 Gaza militants. Israel said one of them, Issam al-Batsh, had planned a deadly bombing in Eilat in 2007. The Israeli military said the two men had also been planning another attack on southern Israel by infiltrating from the Sinai peninsula.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 9, An Israeli airstrike against a Hamas target in Gaza killed a Palestinian civilian and his son (12). Palestinian Mustafa Abelrazek al-Tamimi (28) was critically wounded when he was hit in the face by a tear gas canister fired by Israeli troops at a rally in the West Bank. Tamimi had been throwing stones and died of his injuries the next day. Gaza militants fired twelve rockets at Israel.
    (AP, 12/9/11)(AFP, 12/9/11)(AP, 12/10/11)(AFP, 12/10/11)

2011        Dec 10, Israeli warplanes attacked Gaza and militants fired four rockets at southern Israel in return.
    (AP, 12/10/11)

2011        Dec 11, The Israeli Cabinet voted unanimously to finance a $160 million program to stanch the flow of illegal African migrants by stepping up construction of a border fence and expanding a detention center. Several thousand Bedouin demonstrated outside Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu's office, protesting over a plan they say will displace tens of thousands of people from their land.
    (AP, 12/11/11)(AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, A Palestinian father and his daughter were wounded in an Israeli air strike on Gaza City.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 12, The Efrat settlement mayor said Israel's government has approved 40 new houses to replace trailers at the West Bank settlement, drawing criticism from Palestinians. The trailers at the site, known as Givat Hadagan, were put up without authorization.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Dozens of Jewish settlers broke into an army base in the West Bank and lit fires, damaged vehicles and threw stones at a senior officer, just hours after another group took over an abandoned building in a closed military zone on the border with Jordan. The settlers were reportedly protesting the planned evacuations of unauthorized settlement outposts.
    (AP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 14, Israeli police detained six Jewish extremists following a series of attacks on mosques and Israeli military bases. Unknown arsonists torched an inactive Jerusalem mosque, provoking calls in Israel for a more effective crackdown on Jewish extremists.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 15, Suspected Israeli vandals set fire to a mosque in the West Bank and defaced it with Hebrew graffiti a day after a similar arson attack on a Jerusalem mosque. Suspicion fell on Jewish extremists widely assumed to be behind stepped-up violence against Palestinians and the Israeli military.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 16, In Gaza a man died from heavy machine gun fire on the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. An Israeli military spokeswoman said soldiers on patrol in the area heard explosions, and a tank responded with gunfire toward "suspicious locations." Family members identified the victim as Nafez Nabhein (35), a Bedouin civilian from the Bureij refugee camp.
    (AP, 12/16/11)

2011        Dec 18, Israel released hundreds of Palestinian prisoners, the second and final phase of a swap with Gaza Hamas militants that brought home an Israeli soldier after five years in captivity.
    (AP, 12/18/11)

2011        Dec 22, The rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas took an important step toward reconciliation, announcing plans for the Islamic militants to join the umbrella group that has overseen two decades of on-and-off peace talks with Israel. Israeli officials reacted with alarm to the emerging agreement.
    (AP, 12/22/11)

2011        Dec 27, Israeli strikes overnight killed a Palestinian and wounded 10 others, as the military struck what it described as "global jihad" targets who were planning cross-border attacks on southern Israel from the Egyptian Sinai.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)

2011        Dec 29, Palestinian militants fired two rockets at southern Israel, after Israeli warplanes attacked "terror sites" overnight inside the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)

2011        Dec 30, Israel said its warplanes killed a senior jihadist militant in Gaza thwarting a rocket fire attempt. Palestinians said that Moamen abu-Daff, known locally as a fundamentalist Islamic Salafi militant, was killed in a raid east of Gaza City that also wounded another man.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)

2011        Daniel Byman authored ďA High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.99)
2011        James Carroll authored Jerusalem, Jerusalem: How the Ancient Ignited Our Modern World."
    (SSFC, 3/13/11, p.G7)
2011        Ilan Pappe authored ďthe Forgotten Palestinians: a History of the Palestinians in Israel."
    (Econ, 5/28/11, p.89)
2011        Simon Sebag authored ďJerusalem: The Biography."
    (Econ, 3/19/11, p.93)
2011        Some 17,000 Africans made their way to Israel this year. A growing number of the migrants reported torture by smugglers in the Egyptian Sinai, who extorted migrant families for more money.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A4)

2012        Jan 2, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators headed to Jordan for their first face-to-face meeting in nearly 16 months, although both sides stressed it did not mark a renewal of talks.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)

2012        Jan 3, Israel's Yitzhak Molcho and Palestinian Saeb Erekat met in Jordan in the presence of envoys from the US, Russia, the EU and the UN. The Palestinian president threatened to take "new measures" against Israel if a much-anticipated meeting in Jordan fails to bring about a resumption of peace talks. There were no significant breakthroughs but both sides agreed to continue the dialogue.
    (AP, 1/3/12)(SFC, 1/4/12, p.A3)
2012        Jan 3, Israeli credit card companies said hackers claiming to be Saudis disclosed credit card information of thousands of Israelis on the Internet.
    (AP, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 5, Former Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert was indicted alongside a number of other people for allegedly taking bribes in a massive property scandal.
    (AFP, 1/5/12)

2012        Jan 6, In Israel Christian lawyer and accountant Gabriel Cadis was fatally stabbed by a man in a Santa suit after a parade in Jaffa marking the day before the Greek Orthodox Christmas. Six Israeli Arabs were arrested on suspicion of involvement in the killing. On Jan 31 police announced the arrest of three Arab Christians from Jaffa saying they had confessed ó one for ordering the hit and two for carrying it out.
    (AFP, 1/7/12)(AP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 6, An alleged Saudi hacker (19), oxOmar, posted thousands of Israeli credit card numbers and other personal data online, his second politically motivated attack this week.
    (AP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 8, Yair Lapid (48), one of Israel's most popular television personalities, quit the news business to start his own political party, a move that could shake up the Israeli political system by energizing opposition to PM Benjamin Netanyahu.
    (AP, 1/8/12)
2012        Jan 8, Israeli police arrested 3 more men in a suspected pedophilia ring thought to have preyed on dozens of Jerusalem children. The ring is suspected of molesting 70 children between the ages of 2 and 7 in their religious Jewish neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 8, Israel charged five alleged Jewish extremists over a December 12 raid on an army base, accusing them of gathering intelligence on the Israeli military and planning a riot.
    (AFP, 1/8/12)

2012        Jan 10, Israel's parliament approved harsh new penalties on illegal migrants and Israelis who help them, building on other contentious measures designed to stanch the flood of Africans seeking sanctuary here.
    (AP, 1/10/12)

2012        Jan 11, Israel's Supreme Court upheld a controversial law that bans most Palestinians who marry Israelis from living inside the Jewish state.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 11, Egypt called off an annual Jewish festival in the Nile Delta, which draws Israeli pilgrims every year to the tomb of holy man Abu Hassira (Abi Hasira, aka Yaakov Abuhatzeira), a renowned religious figure from Morocco, who fell ill and died in Damanhur, Egypt, in 1880.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damanhur)
2012        Jan 11, A Hamas official in Gaza said the militant group has sentenced a local Palestinian to death for collaborating with Israel. 3 cars were torched and graffiti was sprayed on a mosque in the northern West Bank, in the latest apparent "price tag" attack.
    (AP, 1/11/12)(AFP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 12, Israeli rights groups and parliamentarians criticized a court ruling upholding a law that prevents Palestinians married to Arab Israelis from obtaining Israeli citizenship or residency. Israel troops demolished an unauthorized settler outpost made up of 10 wooden huts in the southern West Bank.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)(AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Lebanese media and officials said the Lebanese army has detained a man on suspicion of collaborating for years with Israel's Mossad spy agency. Elias Younes, a retired employee of the state telecommunications company Ogero, was arrested earlier in the week.
    (AP, 1/12/12)

2012        Jan 15, UN chief Ban Ki-moon, speaking in Beirut, called for an end to Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories, saying the illegal building of settlements worked against a two-state solution. Ban Ki-moon also demanded that Syria's president stop killing his own people.
    (AFP, 1/15/12)(AP, 1/15/12)

2012        Jan 16, Israeli defense officials said the Israeli and US militaries have postponed large-scale war games, scheduled for April, in part to avoid aggravating mounting tensions between the international community and Iran over its disputed nuclear program.
    (AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 16, A hacker network that claims to be based in Saudi Arabia paralyzed the websites of Israel's stock exchange and national airline. El Al Israel Airlines took down its website after hacker OxOmar, who has been linked to the Saudi group, warned that both sites would be targeted by allied pro-Palestinian hackers.
    (AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 16, Britain's deputy prime minister Nick Clegg accused Israel of carrying out "deliberate vandalism" by continuing to build settlements on land the Palestinians hope will form part of a future state.
    (AP, 1/16/12)

2012        Jan 18, Israeli forces attacked a group of suspected Palestinian militants believed to have been planting a bomb along Gaza's border with the Jewish state. Palestinian officials said two people were killed and two wounded. Relatives of the dead men said they were setting traps for birds near the buffer zone.
    (AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 19, Israeli forces arrested three Palestinians overnight as they tried to enter Israel from the southern Gaza Strip. Israeli forces clashed with angry settlers during the demolition of a settlement outpost on the Jerusalem-Jericho road.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 21, An Israeli air strike targeted Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip who were laying explosives near the border.
    (AFP, 1/21/12)

2012        Jan 23, Israeli police arrested 2 lawmakers from the militant Palestinian party Hamas after hiding for over a year inside a Red Cross compound in Jerusalem. Khaled Abu Arfa and Mohammed Totah had sought refuge in the compound on July 1, 2010, to escape Israeli arrest.
    (AP, 1/23/12)

2012        Jan 24, Israel carried out several airstrikes overnight in Gaza that the Israeli military said targeted an arms factory and three tunnels. A rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in southern Israel, causing no damage or injuries. The Israeli military arrested MP Abdul Jaber Fuqaha overnight from his home in Ramallah, the fifth Hamas official to be arrested by Israeli forces in the past five days.
    (AP, 1/24/12)(AFP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 25, Azerbaijan officials said 2 men have been arrested in a plot to assassinate Israeli targets in Baku. Local mercenaries, suspected of being recruited by a well-known gangster with ties to Iran, were arrested. Azerbaijani media later said that two Iranian Quds Force members were arrested. In addition, around 20 people, mostly from the same family, were arrested in connection with the planned attacks, in a village on the outskirts of Baku.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6rqkkdc)(www.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/01/26/190617.html)(SFC, 2/22/12, p.A5)

2012        Jan 27, The UN called on Israel to immediately halt the destruction of Palestinian homes in the West Bank after reporting a dramatic rise in demolitions in the past year.
    (AFP, 1/28/12)

2012        Jan 29, An Israeli military drone, that can fly as far as Iran, crashed in central Israel on a routine experimental flight. The Heron TP drone, also known locally as the Eitan, has a wingspan of 86 feet (26 meters), making it the size of a Boeing 737 passenger jet.
    (AP, 1/29/12)

2012        Jan 31, Israel's Interior Ministry said some 7,000 people from South Sudan must leave or face deportation. Spokeswoman Sabine Haddad said the South Sudanese will be offered voluntary deportation and around $1,300. After March 31 they will be deported.
    (AP, 1/31/12)

2012        Feb 2, Israel's chief of military intelligence, General Aviv Kochavi, warned at a security conference that Iran has enough radioactive material to produce four nuclear bombs.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 6, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas took a decisive step toward reconciliation with the Islamic militant Hamas, agreeing to head an interim unity government that would prepare for elections in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israelís PM Netanyahu condemned the deal, saying it would be impossible to reach peace with a government that includes Hamas.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

2012        Feb 8, Half a million Israeli public and private sector workers went on general strike, shutting down government offices, banks and airport traffic over the rights of contract workers.
    (AFP, 2/8/12)

2012        Feb 9, In Israel half a million public and private sector workers were on general strike for a 2nd day. Media reported signs of an emerging agreement between unions and government.
    (AFP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 9, In Israel Khader Adnan (33), an imprisoned member of a Palestinian militant group, has waged a hunger strike for almost two months, trying to draw attention to Israel's military justice system and its treatment of detainees who can be held without charge for lengthy periods.
    (AP, 2/9/12)

2012        Feb 10, In Israel a general strike in Israel entered its third day after negotiations between unions and government broke down.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 12, Israeli unions announced they were ending a general strike on its fifth day, after reaching an agreement with treasury officials that will boost salaries and benefits for contract workers.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, Israeli airstrikes killed Abdelkareem Abu Zeituneh (71), an orchard security guard in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli military said in a statement that aircraft targeted tunnels and a weapons factory in response to rocket fire on southern Israel.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, Iranís Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei told Hamasí Ismail Haniyeh that Iran would always stand by the Palestinian resistance against Israel and warned him against compromisers. Pres. Ahmadinejad said it was Iranís duty to stand by the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 2/13/12, p.A3)
2012        Feb 12, DogTV went live on Time Warner Cable and Cox Media. It was produced by Jasmine Group, an Israeli company, which hoped to charge a premium of $4.99 per month for the channel designed to keep dogs company.
    (SFC, 3/5/12, p.D3)

2012        Feb 13, Israeli settlers from the unauthorized West Bank Migron outpost said they reached a deal with the country's government to allow them to stay put for two more years, despite Israeli Supreme Court orders to evacuate them next month. A spokesman said Israel will build an entirely new settlement on a nearby hilltop to house the evicted Migron dwellers.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, In India and Georgia assailants targeted Israeli diplomats in near-simultaneous strikes that Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu blamed on archenemy Iran, and its Lebanese proxy, Hezbollah. The attacks wounded four people. A hitman on a rented motorbike attached a magnetic bomb to the back of an Israeli embassy car carrying the 42-year-old diplomat as she went to pick up her children from school in New Delhi. The woman, also the wife of the defense attache at the embassy, was left in a critical condition with spinal injuries and was flown to Israel for further treatment. 3 men of Iranian origin were later identified as suspects.
    (AP, 2/13/12)(AFP, 3/15/12)

2012        Feb 14, Israeli forces razed three temporary structures comprising the Oz Zion wildcat settler outpost near the West Bank city of Ramallah.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 16, Israeli defense officials say they will buy military training jets from Italy.
    (AP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 19, Israeli police arrested 13 Palestinians in the grounds of Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque complex after police and tourists visiting the site were stoned.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 21, Israelís Supreme Court overturned the so-called Tal Law, saying that it failed to encourage more ultra-Orthodox to perform compulsory military service or alternative community service.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 21, Palestinian prisoner Khader Adnan (33), a member of the Islamic Jihad militant group, agreed to end his 66-day hunger strike after reaching a deal with Israel that will free him in April.
    (AP, 2/21/12)

2012        Feb 22, Israel gave preliminary approval to a plan to build 600 new homes in a settlement deep inside the West Bank, a move that drew rebukes from the United Nations and Palestinians.
    (AP, 2/22/12)

2012        Feb 24, Israeli warplanes launched an early morning strike at a Gaza target, hours after Palestinian militants fired two rockets at southern Israel. Palestinian Talat Ramia (25) was shot and killed as he hurled exploding fireworks at Israeli forces in al-Ram.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)(AP, 2/25/12)(AP, 2/29/12)

2012        Feb 25, Dozens of Palestinian youths clashed with Israeli forces in a Jerusalem suburb, the second day of violent confrontations in the holy city.
    (AP, 2/25/12)

2012        Feb 28, Israeli forces engaged in a firefight overnight with gunmen who infiltrated from Egypt's Sinai peninsula, killing one.
    (AFP, 2/28/12)

2012        Feb 29, Israeli troops raided two private Palestinian TV stations before dawn, seizing transmitters and other equipment. The military said one of the outlets, al-Watan TV, is a pirate station whose frequencies interfered with legal broadcasters and aircraft communications.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 4, Israel and Cyprus signed an accord to lay an underwater electricity cable between the Mediterranean nations, the first stage in a bid to transfer power between the Jewish state and mainland Europe. Additional underwater cables are to connect Cyprus and mainland Europe via Greece, which was also part of the agreement signed in Jerusalem. The deal is still subject to final approval by Israel, Cyprus and Greece, that is expected to follow the completion of a feasibility study within a year.
    (AFP, 3/4/12)

2012        Mar 5, Mohammed Abu-Awad (19), a Palestinian man throwing rocks at solders, had his skull smashed by a tear gas canister fired by an Israeli soldier in the West Bank town of Bir Zeit. Abu-Awad was in critical condition.
    (AP, 3/5/12)

2012        Mar 6, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu left Washington with assurances that the US is prepared to use force to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, just not yet.
    (AFP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 8, The Israeli daily Maariv reported that the United States has offered Israel advanced weaponry in return for it committing not to attack Iran's nuclear facilities this year. In return Israel would agree to put off a possible attack on Iran till 2013.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, A Palestinian was shot dead by Israeli troops after stabbing an Israeli soldier in Yatta village in the southern West Bank. Some 50 Palestinian women demanding the release of Hana Shalabi, a hunger-striking detainee, clashed with Israeli troops in the West Bank.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)(SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 9, An Israeli airstrike struck a vehicle in Gaza. The airstrike tore apart the blue sedan of militant commander Zuhair al-Qaissi and killed his son-in-law, Mahmoud Hanini, himself a top PRC commander. Another low-ranking Gaza militant also died. Al-Qaissi was the commander of the militant group behind the abduction of Gilad Schalit. Hours later Israeli military killed two more militants that it said were about to launch rockets. Gaza militants in response unleashed a barrage of rockets toward Israel's southern border communities. Some three dozen were fired.
    (AP, 3/9/12)(AFP, 3/9/12)(AP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 10, Israeli aircraft killed 15 militants in 10 airstrikes overnight. So far, militants have fired more than 95 rockets. The Israeli military said its air defense systems intercepted some 25 rockets before they landed.
    (AP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 11, Israeli war planes carried out four strikes, killing three people, including a school boy and a 60-year-old man who medics said was a civilian. Israeli Defense ministry figures said that militants had fired 124 rockets at Israel since March 9, including 68 Qassams and 44 longer-range Grads. In response the air force carried out 26 air raids, 15 of which targeted militants who were in the act of firing on Israel.
    (AFP, 3/11/12)

2012        Mar 12, Israeli airstrikes killed three Palestinian civilians and two militants in the Gaza Strip and Palestinian rocket squads barraged southern Israel in escalating fighting that defied international truce efforts. Masked members of Islamic Jihad's military wing demanded Israel cease fire first and stop targeting militants.
    (AP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 13, Israel halted its airstrikes against Gaza Strip militants and rocket fire from the Palestinian territory ebbed as an Egyptian-mediated cease-fire ending 4 days of clashes appeared to be taking effect. At least 24 Palestinians, including at least four civilians, died in cross-border fighting since March 9.
    (AP, 3/13/12)(SFC, 3/13/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 15, Israeli aircraft and Gaza rocket squads traded strikes across the border as the Israeli prime minister blamed Iran for the violence from the Palestinian territory. A female Israeli soldier was stabbed on Jerusalem's light rail, and police apprehended a Palestinian suspect at a Jerusalem crossing into the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/15/12)(AFP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 18, Israeli troops wounded a six-year-old Palestinian boy when they opened fire east of the town of Rafah.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)

2012        Mar 19, Israeli passed a new law that bans the showing overly thin models from local advertising in an attempt to fight the spread of eating disorders.
    (AP, 3/20/12)
2012        Mar 19, A UN report said Israeli settlers have taken over dozens of natural springs in the West Bank, limiting or preventing Palestinian access to much-needed water sources.
    (AFP, 3/19/12)

2012        Mar 23, Egyptian officials reached an agreement with Israel to permit the transfer of fuel to enable Gaza's sole power plant to function. Some 450,000 liters of fuel were delivered to the crisis-hit Gaza Strip through Israel's Kerem Shalom border crossing.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2012        Mar 25, The Palestinian Prisoners' Club reported that around 30 Palestinian prisoners have taken up hunger strikes across the Israeli prison system. The club said Israel is holding some 700 members of the Palestinian security services, along with 27 Palestinian lawmakers, 24 of them from Hamas.
    (AFP, 3/25/12)

2012        Mar 26, Israel cut working relations with the UN Human Rights Council and said it will bar a UN team from entering Israel or the West Bank for a planned investigation of Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 3/26/12)

2012        Mar 27, In Israel Shaul Mofaz, a former military chief and defense minister, captured 62% of the votes the race for Kadima Party chief, trouncing Tzipi Livni, who took 37%.
    (AP, 3/28/12)
2012        Mar 27, An Israeli army game caused a melee at a home in the West Bank village of Rammun. 3 brothers including Rashad Shawakha, stood to defend their home. Rashad was wounded by two intruders posing as Arabs ands died of his wounds on April 2.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)

2012        Mar 30, Thousands of Palestinian demonstrators clashed with Israeli troops at Qalandia checkpoint in the West Bank as hundreds more gathered by Jerusalem's Old City to mark Land Day. This annual event commemorates the deaths of six Arab Israeli protesters at the hands of Israeli forces during mass demonstrations in 1976 against plans to confiscate Arab land in northern Israel. Protester Mahmoud Zaqout (21) was killed at the border in Gaza.
    (AFP, 3/30/12)(SFC, 3/31/12, p.A3)

2012        Apr 1, The top Palestinian envoy to the US awarded longtime American journalist Helen Thomas for taking a stand against the Israeli occupation. Her May 2010 comments against the Israeli occupation forced her into retirement and were denounced by the White House and her press corps colleagues.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 2, The Israeli military ordered dozens of Jewish settlers to evacuate a three-story building they occupied last week in Hebron, the West Bank's most volatile city, saying they had entered it without receiving approval from defense authorities. Israel's Supreme Court threw out an appeal by a Palestinian family seeking to block construction of Jewish settler homes on a site owned by the family for generations
    (AP, 4/2/12)(AFP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 3, Dozens of Jewish settlers ignored a deadline to evacuate an illegally occupied West Bank house in Hebron, as the government remained silent on whether they would be allowed to stay.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 4, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu said he will seek to legalize three settler outposts, Bruchin, Sansana and Rechelim, established illegally in the West Bank. He also said that he would also seek a way to avoid the demolition of a fourth outpost, Ulpana. Israeli security forces evicted dozens of Jewish settlers from a building that they illegally took over in the West Bank city of Hebron.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)(AP, 4/4/12)

2012        Apr 5, Egyptian security forces and military aircraft searched south-eastern Sinai for militants believed to be behind a rocket launch against Israel. A rocket fired from Egypt's Sinai desert hit the southern Israeli resort city of Eilat early today There were no injuries.
    (AP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 6, The Israeli army closed the West Bank border for the first two days of the Passover holiday, which began today at sundown.
    (AFP, 4/6/12)

2012        Apr 8, Israel declared German author Gunter Grass persona non grata over a poem the deeply criticized Israelís nuclear program and suggested it much a danger as Iran.
    (SFC, 4/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 8, Militants in Gaza fired two rockets into Israel a day after Israeli airstrikes injured two Palestinians in the coastal territory. The rockets did not cause injuries.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)

2012        Apr 10, Iran's official news agency said the country's intelligence department has dismantled an Israeli-linked assassination and sabotage network. State media later said 15 people were arrested for an attack planned on Feb 10.
    (AP, 4/10/12)(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A4)

2012        Apr 15, Israel barred 40 pro-Palestinian activists who had flown in for a "Welcome to Palestine" campaign as hundreds more would-be protesters were stranded at airports across Europe.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 17, Hundreds of Palestinian prisoners held by Israel launched a hunger strike, protesting their conditions and demanding an end to detentions without trial. Some 3,500 prisoners refused meals on "Prisoners' Day," and 1,200 of them said they would continue with an open-ended hunger strike. Khader Adnan, who didn't eat for 66 days, was set to be freed today as part of a deal reached with Israel.
    (AP, 4/17/12)

2012        Apr 18, Israeli police evicted Palestinian families from two homes in East Jerusalem. They had lost a court case last month to retain their property in Beir Hanina, one of the cityís largest Arab communities.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 20, In Israel the Conservative Jewish Seminary said it will allows gays and lesbians to become rabbis.
    (SFC, 4/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 21, The EU missions in Jerusalem and Ramallah condemned the recent eviction of a Palestinian family from its east Jerusalem home, ahead of its inhabitation by Jewish settlers.
    (AFP, 4/21/12)

2012        Apr 22, The Israeli Prisons Service said at least 1,350 Palestinian prisoners being held in Israeli jails are observing an open-ended hunger strike, after another 150 inmates began refusing food.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, Egypt said it had scrapped the 2005 gas export deal with Israel, which generates 40 percent of its electricity from natural gas, with Egypt providing 43 percent of its gas supplies. The balance comes from Israel's own Yam Thetis offshore gas field. East Mediterranean Gas Company (EMG), which exports the gas to Israel, said it was cancelled because the Israeli company failed to respect conditions stipulated in the contract.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)

2012        Apr 24, Israel legalized three unsanctioned West Bank settler outposts and was trying to save another, infuriating the Palestinians as the chief American Mideast envoy was in the region laboring to revive peace efforts.
    (AP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, Israel's Supreme Court rejected an appeal by a Palestinian prisoner who has been refusing food for more than seven weeks to protest being held without charge. Hassan Safdi (31) was arrested on June 29, 2011 and has been held without charge under a procedure called administrative detention, which means a prisoner can be held for renewable periods of up to six months.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)

2012        May 4, Israel freed from jail Haggai Amir, the brother and key accomplice of the man who assassinated Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin in 1995, after more that 16 years in jail.
    (AFP, 5/4/12)

2012        May 5, Israeli officials said 10 Palestinian prisoners participating in a mass hunger strike in Israeli jails have been placed under medical supervision as their conditions worsened. They were among 1,500 to 2,500 Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike to demand better conditions and an end to detention without trial.
    (AP, 5/5/12)

2012        May 8, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu called off plans to hold early parliamentary elections and unveiled a revamped coalition government, forming a broad alliance with Kadima, the chief opposition party, that could free his hand to take action on peace with the Palestinians and decide whether to attack Iran.
    (AP, 5/8/12)

2012        May 14, Aid groups said in a report that Israel demolished dozens of Palestinian homes, water cisterns and farm buildings built with European funds in 2011, and over 100 such structures are currently at risk.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)
2012        May 14, Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike agreed with Israel to end their fast in return for improved conditions.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)

2012        May 15, Iran said Majid Jamali Fashi, a man convicted of playing a key role in the 2010 murder of a top nuclear scientist and of spying for Israel, was hanged today.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)

2012        May 17, Israeli tanks fired into the Gaza Strip, wounding seven Palestinians and leaving two of them in critical condition. The army said tank fire had been directed at "terrorists."
    (AFP, 5/17/12)

2012        May 19, Israeli soldiers stood by as settlers shot at Palestinians during stone-throwing clashes between hardline Yitzhar settlers and Palestinian villagers from Asira al-Qibliya near Nablus. Video showed live fire hitting one stone-thrower in the head.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)

2012        May 23, The Israel Antiquities Authority said archeologists digging at a Jerusalem site have found the oldest artifact that bears the inscription of Bethlehem, a 2,700 years old seal with the name of Jesus' traditional birthplace.
    (AP, 5/23/12)

2012        May 31, Israel handed over to the Palestinian government the remains of 91 militants who had been killed while carrying out suicide bombings and other attacks in an effort to renew long-stalled peace talks.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        May, Israeli Shin Bet agents, backed by the army and police, arrested an armed PFLP cell that was preparing to kidnap Israelis for use as bargaining chips to secure the release of Palestinian prisoners. This was only made public on August 20.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)

2012        Jun 1, A Palestinian militant sneaked into Israel at the border separating the Hamas-run Gaza Strip and southern Israel, opening fire on Israeli troops and killing one soldier. The troops fired back, killing the infiltrator.
    (AP, 6/1/12)

2012        Jun 4, The Israeli military carried out air strikes on Gaza overnight, injuring one Palestinian, after a rocket was fired at southern Israel. Hundreds of young settlers began marching from a West Bank outpost to Jerusalem to protest over plans to raze five homes built on private Palestinian land in Ulpana.
    (AFP, 6/4/12)
2012        Jun 4, In Israel four Africans were taken to hospital with burns and smoke inhalation after someone tried to burn down a building housing 18 African migrants close to the Mahane Yehuda market.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)

2012        Jun 5, It was reported that Israel has begun to force incoming travelers deemed suspicious to open personal email accounts for inspection.
    (AP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jun 6, Israel's Supreme Court rejected an attempt by hardliners to prevent the demolition of an illegal West Bank outpost. It had already said the Ulpana outpost is illegal because it was built on private Palestinian land and ordered the outpost's five buildings taken down by July 1. Israeli officials announced the government would build 850 apartments in various West Bank settlements. Israeli aircraft struck two targets in the Gaza Strip, wounding at least two men.
    (AP, 6/6/12)(AFP, 6/6/12)(AP, 6/7/12)

2012        Jun 10, Israeli police rounded up some 25 immigrants, around a third of them from South Sudan.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 11, Israeli authorities rounded up 115 of African migrants slated for deportation, most of them from South Sudan, as the government weighs tough penalties against Israelis who help illegal aliens.
    (AFP, 6/11/12)(AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 12, Israeli officials from the Population and Migration Authority said a total of 140 people had been arrested on Jun 10-11, with another 73 picked up in nationwide raids today. Most of the 213 arrested immigrants were from South Sudan.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 14, Forty three international aid groups and 7 UN agencies urged Israel to open Gaza's borders, saying its border blockade violates international law and indiscriminately harms Gaza's 1.6 million people. Today marked the fifth anniversary of the imposition of the blockade.
    (AP, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 14, Iran said it arrested a number of chief suspects in the assassinations of two of its nuclear scientists in the past two years, and claimed they were linked to Israel.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 15, Envoys from the Middle East Quartet (the United States, United Nations, European Union and Russia) met in Brussels amid calls from the Palestinians to step up action to halt continuing Israeli settlement activity.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)

2012        Jun 17, Two Palestinians, Anwar Abed Rabbo (35) and Naim al-Najjar (29), were shot dead by an Israeli truck driver after they tried to steal his vehicle in the south Hebron Hills.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)

2012        Jun 18, Israel carried out air strikes on northern Gaza, killing four Palestinians in two sorties over Beit Hanun. Three other people were also wounded. Hours earlier a group of militants, who sneaked across the Egyptian border, killed an Israeli civilian sparking a firefight which left at least two gunmen dead.
    (AFP, 6/18/12)(AFP, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 19, The bodies of two Palestinian teenagers were recovered by medics after an early morning Israeli air strike in Deir al-Balah. The Israeli military confirmed that 11 rockets had hit southern Israel since midnight. Unknown attackers set fire to a West Bank mosque and sprayed it with Hebrew graffiti, in an incident that bore the hallmarks of an attack by extremist Jewish settlers.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 20, An Israeli air strike near Gaza City killed Moamen al-Adam (14). His father was also seriously wounded, and two other people were said to be in moderate condition. An earlier air raid killed Hamas militant Ghaleb Ermilat (21), whom Israel said was a "global jihad operative" who was behind a deadly ambush along the Israeli-Egyptian border, which killed one Israeli civilian earlier this week.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, Israel's government said 30 Jewish families have consented to leave the Ulpana enclave, an unauthorized West Bank settler outpost, suggesting their court-ordered evacuation can proceed peacefully.
    (AP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jun 21, Palestinian militants fired 12 rockets from Gaza into Israel for a fourth consecutive day, despite an announcement by Hamas it had agreed to a truce with Israel. Another was intercepted by the Iron Dome anti-rocket defense system. Palestinians recovered the bodies of two militants from a tunnel damaged on June 19 by an Israeli air strike on Gaza.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)(AFP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 22, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired two rockets that hit Israel, as a truce declared by the Islamist Hamas ruling the enclave entered its second day.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 23, Israeli airstrikes killed at least 3 Palestinian men and a boy (6), as Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel wounded one person and damaged a school in Sderot. Gaza militants fired over 30 rockets and mortar shells, bringing the week's rocket tally to more than 150.
    (AP, 6/23/12)(SSFC, 6/24/12, p.A8)
2012        Jun 23, Israeli police arrested 85 protesters arrested after clashing with officers and vandalizing banks in Tel Aviv. The demonstrators had gathered to protest the arrest of 12 social activists a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/24/12)

2012        Jun 25, Russian President Vladimir Putin unveiled a World War II memorial during a rare trip to Israel where he is expected to hold talks on the situation in Syria and Iran's nuclear program.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)

2012        Jun 26, Israel began the evacuation of the Ulpana outpost, an illegal West Bank settlement, after persuading dozens of residents to leave the enclave without violence.
    (AP, 6/26/12)

2012        Jun 28, The Hamas movement ruling the Gaza Strip presented a video documentary in which alleged Palestinian collaborators with Israel confess having aided the killings of senior Hamas and Fatah members.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)

2012        Jun 30, Yitzhak Shamir (96), Israel's former prime minister (1983-84 and 1986-92), died.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.86)

2012        Jul 1, An Israeli military court sentenced Ibrahim Hamed, a former military leader of Hamas, to 54 life sentences after convicting him of ordering the killing of dozens of Israelis. The army said he was convicted last week of responsibility for a long list of suicide attacks which brought about the deaths of 46 Israelis and the wounding of more than 400 Israelis.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)

2012        Jul 2, Israelís PM Netanyahu dissolved a committee assigned to reform the countryís military draft law and spread the burden among more sectors of society. He said the committee had failed to reach a consensus that could win parliamentary approval.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 4, Israel's vice premier, Kadima chairman Shaul Mofaz, demanded that PM Benjamin Netanyahu accept a panel's contentious guidelines for reforming the country's military draft rules, but stopped short of explicitly threatening to quit the governing coalition if the Israeli leader refuses.
    (AP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 6, Israel's immigration police were granted the power to remove foreigners without permits from the occupied West Bank. Last month, the immigration police began a nationwide crackdown on the estimated 60,000 illegal African migrants living in Israel.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 6, The UN Human Rights Council set up a 3-person panel to probe Jewish settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories, a move that further irked Israel which said it will bar its access to the sites of inquiry.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 7, Thousands of Israelis took to the streets in Tel Aviv to call on the government to require all sectors of society to participate in national service.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, An explosion injured five Palestinian children in the central Gaza Strip, a hospital said, blaming Israeli tank fire. Witnesses said, however, that there were no Israeli tanks in the area at the time and that the explosion might have been caused by an old bomb.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 8, Israel PM Benjamin Netanyahu announced he will back a controversial plan to compel ultra-Orthodox Jews and Arab Israelis to complete compulsory military or community service.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 9, Palestinian militants in Gaza fired a rocket which crashed into an uninhabited area of southern Israel without causing casualties or damage. The Israeli air force carried out an air raid on the Gaza Strip overnight, in retaliation for a Palestinian rocket attack.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jul 10, An Israeli court cleared former PM Ehud Olmert of the central charges in a multi-case corruption trial that forced him from power, but convicted him of a lesser charge of breach of trust. His conviction on the lesser charge of "breach of trust" made him the first Israeli prime minister ever convicted of a crime.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Israel released Mahmoud Sarsak (25), a member of the Palestinian national soccer team. He had been held for three years without formal charges and pushed for his freedom with a hunger strike of more than 90 days.
    (AP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jul 12, A Palestinian militant, Mahmud al-Hiqi (27), from the ruling Hamas movement was killed and two others wounded in an Israeli air strike on eastern Gaza City.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Israel an Eritrean man was badly burned and his heavily-pregnant wife suffered smoke inhalation after attackers tried to burn down their apartment close to the Mahane Yehuda market in central Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)

2012        Jul 13, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian when they opened fire at him near the border in the northern Gaza Strip. Israeli border police killed a man and wounded another who had tried to cross the Egyptian border into Israel.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)

2012        Jul 14, In Israel Moshe Silman (58) set himself ablaze at a social justice demonstration in the city of Tel Aviv. Silman blamed PM Netanyahu and the Israeli establishment for "stealing" from him, saying they had "left him with nothing." Silman died of his burns on July 20. 
    (AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/20/12)

2012        Jul 16, Israel's settlement watchdog accused the government of quietly legalizing Givat Salit, an unauthorized settlement outpost in the Jordan Valley, in a move likely to spark international criticism.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 17, In Israel the centrist Kadima Party broke from PM Netanyahuís right-wing government prompted by a dispute over a bill to draft religious students into the military.
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.A5)

2012        Jul 18, In Israel Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv (102), revered by Jews worldwide as the top rabbinic authority of this generation for his scholarship and rulings on complex elements of Jewish law, died.
    (AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Bulgaria a suicide attack at Burgas airport killed 5 Israeli tourists and a Bulgarian bus driver. Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu blamed Iran for the bomb blast. It was later confirmed that the suicide bomber did not act alone. In 2013 one alleged terrorist was identified as Australian citizen Meliad Farah (b.1980), also known as Hussein Hussein. The second was Canadian citizen Hassan El Hajj Hassan (b.1988). The bomber was later said to have been of Algerian origin and trained in camps in South Lebanon.
    (Reuters, 7/18/12)(AFP, 7/19/12)(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A2)(AP, 7/25/13)(Reuters, 4/7/14)

2012        Jul 24, Uri Blau, a reporter with Israel's Haaretz newspaper, was convicted under a plea bargain of possessing classified military documents. Anat Kam, a former solider, had handed some 1,800 documents to Blau who used some of them as the source for an article in 2008 which said troops had been ordered to carry out targeted killings of Palestinian militants in violation of a Supreme Court order.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 27, Israel's Supreme Court delayed by at least 3 weeks the scheduled evacuation of the unauthorized West Bank Migron outpost that has become a symbol of settler defiance.
    (AP, 7/27/12)

2012        Jul 28, Israeli troops arrested Abdallah Harouf (24), a member of the Islamic Jihad militant group, at his home in the West Bank city of Nablus. Local residents said that four other people were also arrested.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)

2012        Jul 29, An Israeli newspaper reported that the Obama administration's top security official has briefed Israel on US plans for a possible attack on Iran, seeking to reassure it that Washington is prepared to act militarily should diplomacy and sanctions fail to pressure Tehran to abandon its nuclear enrichment program. A senior Israeli official denied the newspaper report.
    (AP, 7/29/12)(Reuters, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Mit Romney visited Israel and met with PM Benjamin Netanyahu, Pres. Shimon Peres, and Palestinian Authority PM Salam Fayyad.
    (SFC, 7/30/12, p.A6)

2012        Jul 30, The Times of India, citing a police investigation, said that five suspects were believed to have worked with a local Indian journalist to plan the Feb 13 attack on an Israeli diplomat in New Delhi. Police concluded that members of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, a branch of the Iranian military, carried out the attack.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)

2012        Jul 31, Israel's defense minister Ehud Barak instructed the military to start drafting ultra-Orthodox Jewish men as it does other Israelis, setting up a potential clash over an issue that has divided the country for decades. 60,000 ultra-Orthodox men of military age do not serve today. Only 1,300 ultra-Orthodox agreed to be drafted this year.
    (AP, 7/31/12)

2012        Aug 4, Several thousand Israelis demonstrated their discontent at government austerity measures and the lack of universal military service in two separate protests in Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)

2012        Aug 5, A Palestinian man was killed and another wounded in an Israeli drone strike on Rafah in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli army confirmed the strike, naming the wounded man as Ahmed Said Ismail, who "was among those responsible for the execution of the terror attack adjacent to the Israel-Egypt border, in which an Israeli civilian was killed, on June 18, 2012."
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, A key meeting of Non-Aligned Movement ministers which was to have taken place in the West Bank was cancelled after Israel denied five of them entry. Foreign ministers from the 13 countries belonging to NAM's Palestine Committee were to have signed the so-called "Ramallah Declaration" in support of a Palestinian bid to upgrade their UN status from observer to non-member state.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 5, In Egypt some 35 suspected Islamists attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula near Rafah, killing 16 soldiers before stealing two of their vehicles and bursting through a security fence into Israel. 8 militants were killed by Israeli forces who struck from the air, as well as with tanks and artillery.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 6, The Israeli parliament approved a series of austerity measures presented by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government to help rein in the country's growing deficit.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 8, Israeli security forces said Hezbollah militants have smuggled explosives into northern Israel using a network of drug dealers on either side of the Lebanese-Israeli border.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Egypt's state television reported the military killed 20 militants in unprecedented air strikes. Egypt said the attackers who killed 16 Egyptian soldiers had help from Gaza. In response Egypt closed its border crossing and shut down hundreds of smuggling tunnels. Gazans said the sealing of their territory following a weekend attack by Islamic militants has sent prices soaring and is leaving hundreds of medical patients stranded.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 16, Unknown assailants firebombed a Palestinian taxi in the West Bank leaving 6 people wounded. Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu later vowed to bring the people responsible for the firebombing to justice. The Israeli military has counted 196 Palestinian firebomb attacks and six shooting incidents in the first half of 2012.
    (AP, 8/21/12)

2012        Aug 17, In Israel a mob of Jewish teens beat a Palestinian unconscious in downtown Jerusalem. Seven people, aged 13 to 19, were arrested in connection with the assault on Jamal Julani (17).
    (AP, 8/21/12)

2012        Aug 23, Israel's foreign ministry summoned South Africa's envoy to formally protest Pretoria's decision to place "Occupied Palestinian Territory" labels on goods from Jewish settlements.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 26, Israeli authorities refused entry to about 100 pro-Palestinian activists, including 3 Americans, attempting to cross overland to the West Bank from Jordan.
    (AP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 28, Nine Israeli teenagers, eight of them minors, were charged with taking part in an Aug 17 violent hate attack on Palestinian Jamal Julani (17) from east Jerusalem that left him in critical condition.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 29, Israeli troops fired warning shots into the air near the border in central Gaza. A 42-year-old Gazan woman was in critical condition after being shot in the area east of the central town of Deir al-Balah.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Israeli Interior Minister Eli Yishai warned that illegal immigrants from Sudan who do not leave the country by October 15 will be detained. Israel began expelling South Sudanese in June.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 1, Israel launched airstrikes at training camps in the Gaza Strip wounding 2 Palestinians.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 2, Israel completed evacuation of the large unauthorized West Bank settlement of Migron, culminating years of legal wrangling.
    (AP, 9/2/12)

2012        Sep 5, An Israeli airstrike killed four Palestinian militants as they were preparing to fire rockets at nearby southern cities.
    (AP, 9/6/12)

2012        Sep 6, Israeli soldiers and aircraft hit Palestinian militants planting explosives along the border with Gaza. 3 men were reported killed.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Israel agreed to allow 3 Eritrean refugees, from a group of over 20 stranded for a week along at newly built fence along the border with Egypt, to enter the country for humanitarian reasons. The others were to be taken to Cairo by Egyptian authorities.
    (SFC, 9/7/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 16, The CEO of EL AL Airlines said Israel's national airline will stop flying to Cairo, even though the Israel-Egypt peace treaty mandates flights to the country. Eliezer Shkedi said that flights are nearly empty, and the airline cannot afford the high security and operating costs.
    (AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 24, An Israeli court spared former PM Ehud Olmert (66) a prison term for breach of trust, opening the door to a political comeback. Olmert was ordered to pay an $18,000 fine and serve a one year suspended sentence.
    (Reuters, 9/24/12)(SFC, 9/25/12, p.A3)

2012        Oct 4, Israeli authorities indicted Milad Khatib (26), an Arab citizen of Israel, on charges of spying for the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah, accusing him of gathering intelligence on security for Israel's president and on army installations.
    (AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 4, In Israel thousands of evangelical Christians from around the world marched in Jerusalem in support of the Jewish state.
    (SFC, 10/5/12, p.A5)

2012        Oct 5, In Israel a young American (23) shot and killed a chef at a hotel in the Red Sea resort city of Eilat, before forces from an anti-terror unit shot the gunman dead. The incident appeared to be based on a personal dispute.
    (AP, 10/5/12)

2012        Oct 6, Israel scrambled fighter jets to intercept a drone that crossed deep into Israeli airspace from the Mediterranean Sea, shooting the aircraft down over the country's southern desert. Suspicion quickly fell on the Iranian-backed, Lebanese Islamic militant group Hezbollah.
    (AP, 10/6/12)

2012        Oct 7, Israel targeted two men in an airstrike into southern Gaza, killing one and wounding the other.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 7, A boat left Naples and aiming to reach Gaza in mid-October in the latest attempt to break Israel's naval blockade. It carried items such as cement, basketballs, musical instruments and theater lighting equipment.
    (AP, 10/8/12)

2012        Oct 8, Militants of Hamas and  Islamic Jihad fired some 30 rockets toward Israel's southern border following Israelís airstrike the previous evening. Israel's military launched around 20 tank shells and an airstrike, mostly toward targets around the southern Gaza city of Khan Younis.
    (AP, 10/9/12)

2012        Oct 13,An Israeli airstrike killed two people in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli military says one is Hisham Saidani (43), a member of a faction of the ultraconservative Salafi trend believed to have ties to al-Qaida. Militants on jihadi websites identified the other dead man as Ashraf Sabah (37), leader of another al-Qaida inspired group, Ansar al-Sunnah.
    (AP, 10/14/12)

2012        Oct 14, Israeli aircraft struck militants planning a rocket attack in the Gaza Strip. The airstrikes killed three more militants.
    (AP, 10/14/12)

2012        Oct 20, Israeli troops commandeered a Gaza-bound ship that tried to break through Israel's blockade of the Hamas-ruled seaside strip. European lawmakers and other pro-Palestinian activists aboard did not resist, and the Finnish-flagged vessel was diverted to an Israeli port.
    (AP, 10/20/12)

2012        Oct 21, Israel's PM Netanyahu vowed on to continue building in east Jerusalem, despite objections from Palestinians who claim the territory as capital of their hoped-for state.
    (AP, 10/21/12)

2012        Oct 22, Israeli aircraft struck the northern Gaza Strip, killing two Palestinian militants, after mortar attacks targeted Israeli troops earlier in the day.
    (AP, 10/22/12)

2012        Oct 24, Gaza militants pummeled southern Israel with over 60 rockets and mortars. Israeli airstrikes in return killed two Palestinians in a sharp escalation of violence following a landmark visit to the coastal territory by the leader of Qatar. Two foreign workers in Israel were critically wounded in the rocket fire, and a number of militants were injured in the Israeli air attacks.
    (AP, 10/24/12)(SFC, 10/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Oct 24, In Sudan an explosion and fire at a military factory south of the capital, Khartoum, killed two people. Minister of Information Ahmed Belal Osman said four aircraft hit the Yarmouk Complex, setting off a huge blast that rocked the capital before dawn. Israel was blamed for the attack.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Oct 25, Israel's PM Netanyahu announced that he was joining forces with his hardline foreign minister in upcoming elections, instantly creating a hawkish new bloc that now appears poised to lead the country.
    (AP, 10/25/12)

2012        Oct 28, An Israeli airstrike strike into the Gaza Strip killed one Palestinian man and wounded another. Five rockets and mortars had struck southern Israel by early morning.
    (AP, 10/28/12)

2012        Oct 29, Israeli aircraft struck a Palestinian rocket launching pad and an unidentified militant activity site in the Gaza Strip, in response to persistent rocket and mortar fire from the coastal territory. The Shin Bet said that 30 Hamas members were arrested near Ramallah, the West Bank's administrative center.
    (AP, 10/29/12)

2012        Nov 5, The Israeli government announced that it was accepting bids from contractors to build the homes in two Jewish enclaves in east Jerusalem, Ramot and Pisgat Zeev. It also reopened bidding for 72 homes in Ariel, deep inside the West Bank.
    (AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Nov 6, A Turkish court opened a trial in absentia of four former Israeli military commanders in the killing of nine people aboard a Turkish aid ship that tried to break a Gaza blockade in 2010.
    (AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Nov 8, An explosives-packed tunnel under the Gaza-Israel frontier blew up in what the Israeli military called an attempt by Palestinian militants to kill or kidnap soldiers. This set off a cycle of violence including Israeli airstrikes    .
    (AP, 11/11/12)
2012        Nov 8, In Russia Israeli President Shimon Peres opened the new Jewish Museum and Center of Tolerance. It tells the history of Jewry through people's stories, which come alive in video interviews and interactive displays. The $50 million museum was built under the patronage of President Vladimir Putin, who in a symbolic move in 2007 donated a month of his salary ó about $5,600 ó to its creation.
    (AP, 11/16/12)(http://en.rian.ru/russia/20121108/177294289.html)

2012        Nov 10, Palestinian militants fired an anti-tank missile at an Israeli jeep patrolling the border with Gaza and the Israelis fired back into the Palestinian territory, killing four civilians. Later in the day some 25 Palestinian rockets rained on southern Israel, though they caused no injuries or damage. 2 more Palestinians were killed as Israel responded with an airstrike and tank fire.
    (AP, 11/11/12)

2012        Nov 11, Israeli aircraft struck the Gaza Strip, killing a Palestinian man, as militants bombarded the Jewish state with rockets and mortars in a fierce second day of fighting.
    (AP, 11/11/12)
2012        Nov 11, Israel was drawn into the Syrian civil war for the first time, firing warning shots into the neighboring country after a stray mortar shell from across the border hit an Israeli military post in the Golan Heights. Syrian army forces backed by helicopter gunships and artillery attacked a border area with Turkey after rebels captured the Ras al-Ayn crossing point.
    (AP, 11/11/12)

2012        Nov 12, An Israeli tank scored a "direct hit" on a Syrian armored vehicle after a mortar shell landed on Israeli-held territory in the Golan Heights, in the first direct confrontation between the countries since the Syrian uprising broke out, sharpening fears that Israel could be drawn into the civil war next door.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, Palestinian militants in Gaza launched 10 rockets into southern Israel by midday, including one that struck the yard of a house. The barrage ramped up pressure on the Israeli government to stage a large-scale operation aimed at stopping the persistent attacks.
    (AP, 11/12/12)

2012        Nov 13, One Israeli airstrike and one Gaza rocket were fired today. A Gaza militant died of wounds sustained in an Israeli airstrike from two days earlier.
    (AP, 11/13/12)

2012        Nov 14, An Israeli airstrike killed Ahmed Jabari, commander of the military wing of Gaza's Hamas rulers. More than 65 rockets landed in southern Israel. Israel hit the Gaza Strip with more than 50 airstrikes. Hamas police said airstrikes hit targets in Gaza City, Khan Younis and Rafah. A total of 15 Palestinians, including 7 civilians, were killed and more than 100 people wounded, according to Palestinian officials. Among the dead were 3 children. A March 6, 2013, UN report said Omar al-Masharawi, age 11 months, was killed by an errant Palestinian rocket.
    (AP, 11/14/12)(AP, 11/15/12)(AP, 3/11/13)
2012        Nov 14, The Israeli defense minister says "almost all" Syrian villages near the frontier with Israel have fallen into rebel hands.
    (AP, 11/14/12)

2012        Nov 15, Militants in the Gaza Strip pounded southern Israel with over 180 rockets, killing three people in Kiryat Malachi as the Israeli military pressed forward with a second day of intense air raids and naval attacks on militant targets.
    (AP, 11/15/12)

2012        Nov 16, Thousands of Egyptians protested against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip as Egypt's PM Hesham Kandil visited the Palestinian enclave in a symbolic show of support for the territory's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, Gaza militants targeted Tel Aviv for a 2nd day. Israeli aircraft targeted rocket launching operations of Gaza militants, but offered to suspend its offensive in the Gaza Strip during a brief visit by Egypt's premier.
    (AP, 11/16/12)

2012        Nov 17, Israel bombarded the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip with nearly 200 airstrikes, widening a blistering assault on Gaza rocket operations to include the prime minister's headquarters, a police compound and a vast network of smuggling tunnels. Ten people, including eight militants, were killed and dozens were wounded in the various attacks.
    (AP, 11/17/12)

2012        Patrick Tyler authored ďFortress Israel: The Inside Story of the Military Elite Who Run the Country Ė And Why They Canít Me Peace."
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.93)

2012        Nov 18, An Israeli envoy held talks with Egyptian officials on a ceasefire in his country's offensive on Gaza. Militants continued their barrage of rocket fire, firing more than two dozen at Israel. Palestinian medical officials said at least 11 civilians, including women and young children, were killed in an Israeli airstrike in Gaza City. The deaths brought to 66 the number of Palestinians killed in Israel's Gaza offensive, including 32 civilians.
    (AP, 11/18/12)(Reuters, 11/18/12)

2012        Nov 19, Israeli aircraft struck crowded areas in the Gaza Strip, driving up the Palestinian death toll to 94 and devastating several homes belonging to one clan. Hamas fighters have fired hundreds of rockets into Israel in the current round of fighting, including 75 today. The new airstrikes came as Egypt was trying to broker a cease-fire, with the help of Turkey and Qatar.
    (AP, 11/19/12)

2012        Nov 20, Israeli aircraft battered the headquarters of the bank Hamas set up to sidestep international sanctions on its rule. A Palestinian rocket struck the outskirts of Jerusalem. Diplomats from across the world raced across the region to negotiate a cease-fire to end relentless Israeli airstrikes and Palestinian rocket attacks. An Israeli airstrike killed two Al-Aqsa TV journalists in their car. Masked gunmen publicly shot dead six suspected collaborators with Israel at a large Gaza City intersection.
    (AP, 11/20/12)(AP, 11/21/12)

2012        Nov 21, A bomb exploded aboard an Israeli bus near the nation's military headquarters in Tel Aviv, wounding 27 people, delivering a major blow to diplomatic efforts to forge a truce to end a week of fighting between Israel and Gaza's militant Hamas rulers. The Tel Aviv bombing came after a night of more than 30 Israeli airstrikes over Gaza. The attacks brought to 144 the number of Palestinians killed since Israel launched its offensive on Nov 14. In Dec, 2013, Mohammed Mafarja (19) pleaded guilty to charges that included attempted murder. On Mar 10, 2014 he was sentenced to 25 years in prison for planting the bomb on behalf of Hamas.
    (AP, 11/21/12)(Reuters, 3/10/14)
2012        Nov 21, Egyptís President Mohammed Morsi mediated a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinians to end eight days of fierce fighting. The cease-fire deal included agreement to open all border crossings with the Gaza Strip, including with Egypt.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 21, Iranís semiofficial ISNA news agency reported that Iran has supplied Hamas in Gaza with the technology to "quickly" produce longer-range missiles on their own without needing direct shipments.
    (AP, 11/21/12)

2012        Nov 22, Israeli authorities arrested an Arab Israeli on accusations he planted a bomb a day earlier on a bus in Tel Aviv that wounded 27 people.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 22, The top leader of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood denounced peace efforts with Israel and urged holy war to liberate Palestinian territories.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 22, Hamas leaders in Gaza declared victory over Israel on Thursday, and thousands of flag-waving supporters rallied in celebration as the battered territory entered its first day of calm under an Egyptian-brokered truce.
    (AP, 11/22/12)

2012        Nov 23, Israeli troops fired to push back Gaza crowds surging toward Israel's border fence with the Hamas-ruled territory, killing one Palestinian and wounding 19 in the first violence since a truce between Israel and Hamas took hold a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/23/12)

2012        Nov 24, Gaza residents said that Israel has eased some border restrictions as part of its truce with the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, allowing farmers to visit land near its security fence and letting fishermen head further out to sea.
    (AP, 11/24/12)
2012        Nov 24, Israel's Shin Bet internal security arrested Azzam Mashahara, a Palestinian man of East Jerusalem, for relaying information to Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon about sensitive government sites, including parliament.
    (AP, 11/25/12)

2012        Nov 25, Israel successfully tested its newest missile defense system, a step toward making the third leg of what Israel calls its "multilayer missile defense" operational.
    (AP, 11/25/12)

2012        Nov 26, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak (70) abruptly announced he was quitting politics, injecting new turmoil into the Israeli political system weeks ahead of general elections.
    (AP, 11/26/12)

2012        Nov 29, The United Nations endorsed an independent state of Palestine, giving sweeping international backing to their demands for sovereignty over lands Israel occupied in 1967. Only nine, including the US,  of 193 General Assembly members voted against it.
    (AP, 11/30/12)

2012        Nov 30, Israel responded swiftly to UN recognition of a Palestinian state, revealing it will build 3,000 more homes for Jews on Israeli-occupied lands that the world body overwhelmingly said belong to the Palestinians.
    (AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Dec 2, Israel roundly rejected the UN endorsement of an independent state of Palestine, announcing it would withhold more than $100 million collected for the Palestinian government to pay debts to Israeli companies.
    (AP, 12/2/12)
2012        Dec 2, In Hungary thousands of people attended an anti-Nazi rally in Budapest to protest a call by far-right lawmaker Marton Gyongyosi to screen Jews for national security risks.
    (SFC, 12/3/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 4, Israel said it is moving forward with plans for two major settlement projects in east Jerusalem, even as a senior Palestinian official warned that his government could pursue war crimes charges if Israel doesn't halt such construction.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

2012        Dec 12, Israel's paramilitary border police force in Hebron shot and killed Mohammed Suleima (17) after he brandished a gun that later turned out to be fake.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 13, Israel's attorney general indicted  Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman for alleged breach of trust, but decided not to file a number of more serious charges in a fraud and money-laundering case.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 13, Thousands of Palestinians marched through the streets of Hebron, chanting anti-Israel slogans and waving green Hamas flags during a funeral procession for a teenager killed by Israeli troops a day earlier.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 14, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman announced he is resigning a day after an indictment for breach of trust was filed against him by the country's attorney general.
    (AP, 12/14/12)

2012        Dec 16, Palestinian PM Salaam Fayyad called for a boycott of Israeli products to protests Israelís withholding $100 million in taxes owed to the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 12/17/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 19, A Jerusalem municipal official said Israel is pressing forward with construction in a new east Jerusalem settlement, part of a series of new building plans that have drawn worldwide rebuke, including from its closest ally, the United States.
    (AP, 12/19/12)
2012        Dec 19, In Israel Amnon Lipkin-Shahak (68), a former Israeli military chief who later became a Cabinet minister, died after a long battle with cancer. He oversaw a 16-day military campaign, codenamed "Grapes of Wrath," against Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon in 1996.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2012        Dec 23, Israeli forces fired at and seriously wounded two men east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/23/12)

2012        Dec 24, In Israel former chief rabbi Eliahu Bakshi-Doron was charged as part of what has become known as the "rabbis' file" affair. He and others were accused of falsifying rabbinical certificates for more than 1,000 soldiers and police officers so they could be eligible for salary increases.
    (AP, 12/24/12)

2012        Dec 30, Israel's Justice Ministry filed its indictment against former Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman in a Jerusalem court, charging him with breach of trust and fraud. He was accused of trying to advance the career of a former diplomat after the envoy relayed information to him about a criminal investigation into business dealings.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, The Israeli military began allowing shipments of gravel to Gaza's private sector because the Israeli attacks on Hamas' military operations in November cowed the militant group into quiet.
    (AP, 12/31/12)

2013        Jan 1, Clashes began in the northern West Bank after Israeli forces dressed as merchants arrested one man. Regular forces then entered the town of Tamoun, and men began hurling rocks at them to prevent other arrests. At least 10 Palestinians were wounded.
    (AP, 1/1/13)

2013        Jan 3, Palestinian officials said Israeli undercover troops broke into a West Bank house in a failed arrest raid near Jenin, igniting a violent protest and signaling that Israeli-Palestinian security coordination may be in trouble.
    (AP, 1/3/13)

2013        Jan 6, Israel announced that it is building a border fence along the length of its armistice line with Syria in the Golan Heights.
    (SFC, 1/7/13, p.A3)

2013        Jan 9, The fiercest winter storm to hit the Mideast in years brought a rare foot of snow to Jordan, caused fatal accidents in Lebanon and the West Bank, and disrupted traffic on the Suez Canal in Egypt. At least eight people died across the region.
    (AP, 1/9/13)

2013        Jan 11, The Israeli military shot and killed one Palestinian near the border fence with Gaza. In the West Bank activists pitched tents to protest Israeli plans to build a large Jewish settlement on a key route through the territory.
    (SFC, 1/12/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 13, Palestinian protesters who pitched tents at a strategic West Bank site to protest plans to build a Jewish housing project there were evicted early today. PM Netanyahu pledged to move ahead with construction of a new Jewish settlement in the area.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2013        Jan 15, The Israeli military shot dead a 17-year-old Palestinian near the West Bank separation barrier. The Israeli military said he had breached the barrier, which separated soldiers from protesters.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2013        Jan 22, Israelis voted in an election likely to keep hardline PM Benjamin Netanyahu at the helm of government for a third term despite a turbulent record. The parliamentary election left the two main blocs deadlocked with 60 seats each, based on nearly complete official vote counts. Yesh Atid (There is a Future), led by Yair Lapid (49), emerged as the second-largest party in parliament.
    (AP, 1/22/13)(AP, 1/23/13)

2013        Jan 29, At its meeting in Geneva, the UN Human Rights Council waited for Israel to appear for its once-every-four-years rights review, then determined it had not. Israel said last year it would stop cooperating with the council because of an international fact-finding mission into Israeli settlements.
    (AP, 1/29/13)

2013        Jan 30, Israel said it is transferring some $100 million in last monthís tax revenues to the Palestinian Authority that were frozen last year.
    (AP, 1/30/13)
2013        Jan 30, Israeli jets bombed a convoy near Syria's border with Lebanon, apparently targeting weapons destined for Hezbollah in what some called a warning to Damascus not to arm Israel's Lebanese enemy.
    (AP, 1/30/13)
2013        Jan 30, The Lebanese military said that Israeli warplanes have sharply increased their activity over Lebanon in the past week, including at least 12 sorties in less than 24 hours in the country's south.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Jan 31, Syria threatened to retaliate for an Israeli airstrike and its ally Iran said there will be repercussions for the Jewish state over the attack.
    (AP, 1/31/13)
2013        Jan 31, A UN panel called for Israel to immediately halt all settlement activity in Palestinian territory and withdraw all settlers. The panel said Israelís settlements have clearly violated the Geneva Conventions.
    (SFC, 2/1/13, p.A5)

2013        Feb 2, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu took on the job of forming a new government and said its most important task would be to ensure that Iran does not gain nuclear arms.
    (Reuters, 2/2/13)
2013        Feb 2, Israeli troops fired tear gas and stun grenades at rock-throwing Palestinian protesters as soldiers tried to dismantle an encampment near Burin that activists set up in the West Bank to protest Israeli building restrictions.
    (AP, 2/2/13)

2013        Feb 4, Israeli forces arrested 20 members of the Palestinian militant group Hamas, including three lawmakers, in a raid in the West Bank.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Feb 5, Bulgaria linked Lebanon's militant group Hezbollah to the bomb attack on a bus last July that killed five Israeli tourists. Two of the suspects linked to the bombing had entered the country with an Australian and a Canadian passport.
    (AP, 2/5/13)

2013        Feb 6, A top Bulgarian security official said the two living suspects behind a bus attack that killed five Israeli tourists in Bulgaria last year have been identified and both are now living in Lebanon.
    (AP, 2/6/13)

2013        Feb 8, In Israel the offices of the Beitar Jerusalem soccer team, long-linked to PM Netanyahuís Likud Party, were set on fire. In January the team had recruited, for the first time in its 75-year history, two Muslim players.
    (SFC, 2/9/13, p.A4)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.52)

2013        Feb 9, Israeli troops drove some 100 Palestinian activists out of an illegal tent camp they had set up near the city of Hebron in the southern West Bank. The operation marked the fifth time in the past month Israeli forces broke up a Palestinian encampment.
    (AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 10, The Israeli government gave final approval for construction of 90 new homes in a West Bank settlement, a move that could cause tensions with the US ahead of President Obama's visit to the region.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 10, Rabbi David Hartman (81), one of the world's leading Jewish philosophers and a promoter of both Jewish pluralism and interfaith dialogue, died in Israel.
    (AP, 2/10/13)
2013        Feb 10, Acclaimed Spanish writer Antonio Munoz Molina said he will accept the prestigious Jerusalem Prize, an Israeli award given to authors, despite calls from pro-Palestinian activists to boycott the Jewish state.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Feb 15, Palestinian demonstrators clashed with Israeli soldiers at a West Bank rally held in support of Samer Issawi (35), who has been on an on-again, off-again hunger strike for several months as he serves time for alleged terror activity.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

2013        Feb 18, Palestinians blocked roads and held marches across the West Bank to protest the fate of thousands of their countrymen held in Israeli jails and demand the release of four detainees on hunger strike. Israel is holding some 4,500 Palestinians for charges ranging from throwing stones to undertaking deadly militant attacks.
    (AP, 2/18/13)

2013        Feb 19, Palestinian protesters clashed with Israeli soldiers at a rally in support of four imprisoned Palestinians on hunger strike, as hundreds of inmates said they were refusing food for the day in solidarity with the fasting inmates.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu added his first coalition partner as he works to build a new government. Former Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni will serve as justice minister in the next Israeli government, in charge of peace efforts with the Palestinians.
    (AP, 2/19/13)

2013        Feb 21, Hundreds of Palestinian protesters clashed with Israeli security forces, hurling rocks and burning tires at a West Bank demonstration to show solidarity with Palestinian prisoners held by Israel.
    (AP, 2/21/13)

2013        Feb 22, Hundreds of Palestinians in Hebron and elsewhere in the West Bank threw rocks at Israeli soldiers who responded with tear gas. Palestinian emergency services said dozens were treated for tear gas inhalation and rubber bullet wounds. Mohammed Asfour (22) was struck in the head by a rubber-coated bullet in the West Bank and died of his wounds on March 7.
    (AP, 2/22/13)(AP, 3/7/13)

2013        Feb 23, Some 150 Palestinian villagers and 25 Jewish settlers clashed in the northern West Bank village of Kusra, wounding one demonstrator who protesters say was shot in the stomach. The clashes began when a group of Jewish settlers chased a Palestinian farmer and his family off land in the village.
    (AP, 2/23/13)
2013        Feb 23, Palestinian Arafat Jaradat (30) died while under Israeli custody at Megiddo Prison. His family alleged Jaradat was mistreated by the Shin Bet, saying he was healthy at the time of his arrest last week. Israeli officials said Jaradat died of an apparent heart attack and denied he was beaten or subjected to any treatment that could have led to his death. A Palestinian doctor present at the autopsy said marks on Jaradatís body indicated torture.
    (AP, 2/24/13)(SSFC, 2/3/13, p.A4)

2013        Feb 24, Palestinians called for an international investigation of Israel's treatment of detained Palestinians, after a 30-year-old Palestinian died in custody and a hunger strike by four other inmates sparked a week of West Bank protests.
    (AP, 2/24/13)

2013        Feb 25, Israel and the US carried out a successful test of the next-generation Arrow 3 missile defense system, for the first time sending an interceptor into outer space, where it could destroy missiles fired from Iran.
    (AP, 2/25/13)

2013        Feb 26, Gaza militants fired a rocket into Israel for the first time in three months. It landed south of Ashkelon with some damage to a road.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

2013        Mar 1, Palestinians clashed with Israeli troops during rallies across the West Bank in support of hunger-striking Palestinian prisoners and against Israel's security barrier.
    (AP, 3/1/13)

2013        Mar 4, Israel's Agriculture Ministry set up an emergency hotline as swarms of the destructive locusts descended on neighboring Egypt and asked Israelis to be vigilant in reporting sightings to prevent an outbreak.
    (AP, 3/4/13)
2013        Mar 4, Israel launched a pair of "Palestinian-only" bus lines in the West Bank. It was presented by the government as a goodwill gesture, assailed by critics as racism and welcomed by Palestinian riders.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2013        Mar 8, Israeli police entered a hilltop site in Jerusalem, known to Jews as the Temple Mount and to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary, where the Al-Aqsa Mosque stands, to disperse hundreds of Palestinians who were throwing rocks.
    (AP, 3/8/13)

2013        Mar 12, An Israeli  Bell AH-1 Cobra military helicopter crashed during training, killing two pilots.
    (AP, 3/12/13)
2013        Mar 12, Israeli troops shot to death  Mahmoud Titi (25), a Palestinian man, after he and others hurled rocks and firebombs at them near Hebron in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/12/13)

2013        Mar 13, Croatia's parliament approved the withdrawal of some 100 peacekeeping troops from the Golan Heights amid fears they could be targeted by Syrian government troops fighting the rebels.
    (AP, 3/13/13)

2013        Mar 14, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu reached an agreement to form a new coalition government with the centrist Yesh Atid party and the Jewish Home, a party aligned with West Bank settlers. The new coalition will be the first in a decade to exclude ultra-Orthodox Jewish parties.
    (AP, 3/14/13)

2013        Mar 15, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu signed a coalition deal with rival parties to form the next government.
    (AP, 3/15/13)

2013        Mar 17, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu appointed Moshe Yaalon, a hard-line former military chief (2002-2005), as the country's new defense minister.
    (AP, 3/17/13)
2013        Mar 17, Ayman Sharawneh (53), a freed Palestinian prisoner, was given a hero's welcome in the Gaza Strip after ending his hunger strike in an Israeli jail and agreeing to a plea bargain that will confine him to the Hamas-run territory for the next 10 years.
    (AP, 3/17/13)

2013        Mar 18, Palestinian attackers shot and wounded an Israeli man in a drive-by shooting at a West Bank bus stop.
    (AP, 3/18/13)

2013        Mar 20, US President Barack Obama arrived on his first visit and assured Israel of his personal commitment to its security. He delivered a blunt warning to its foes that the US has the Jewish state's back.
    (AP, 3/20/13)

2013        Mar 21, Palestinian militants in Gaza launched at least two rockets into southern Israel as US President Barack Obama met with Palestinian officials in the West Bank on the second day of his Mideast tour. The Israeli military closed a Gaza border crossing and restricted Palestinian fishermen in the territory in response to the rocket attacks.
    (AP, 3/21/13)(AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 21, A Cyprus criminal court found Hossam Taleb Yaacoub (24), a Swedish-Lebanese citizen and Hezbollah member, guilty of helping to plan attacks on Israelis in Cyprus.
    (SFC, 3/22/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 22, Israel and Turkey agreed to restore full diplomatic relations after PM Benjamin Netanyahu apologized in a phone call for a deadly naval raid against a Gaza-bound international flotilla in a dramatic turnaround partly brokered by President Barack Obama.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, President Barack Obama wrapped up a 3-day visit to Israel paying respects to the nation's heroes and to victims of the Holocaust and solemnly reaffirming the Jewish state's right to exist.
    (AP, 3/22/13)

2013        Mar 24, Israel's army fired a guided missile into Syria, destroying a military post after gunfire flew across the border and struck an Israeli vehicle.
    (AP, 3/24/13)
2013        Mar 24, A senior Palestinian official rejected the idea of a partial Israeli settlement freeze as a way of restarting peace talks.
    (AP, 3/24/13)

2013        Mar 25, Israel's government said it will resume transferring tax revenues to the Palestinian Authority.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2013        Mar 28, Israel fully reopened its border crossings with the Gaza Strip that were closed following militant rocket fire during President Barack Obama's visit to the region last week.
    (AP, 3/28/13)

2013        Mar 31, Israel began receiving natural gas from the Tamar reservoir in the Mediterranean Sea at the port of Ashdod.
    (SFC, 4/1/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 2, Israeli prison guards fired tear gas to quell disturbances in cell blocks after Palestinian prisoners protested following the news of a fellow inmate's death of cancer. Maysara Abu Hamdiyeh (64), who died earlier today, was serving a life sentence for his role in a foiled attempt to bomb a busy cafe in Jerusalem in 2002.
    (AP, 4/2/13)

2013        Apr 3, Palestinian militants launched several rockets into southern Israel, as Israeli aircraft struck targets in the Gaza Strip in the heaviest exchange of fire between the sides since they agreed to an internationally brokered cease-fire in November. Israeli forces shot and killed a teenage Palestinian protester during a clash in the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 4, Thousands of Palestinians took to the streets in the West Bank in a show of outrage over the deaths of two Palestinian protesters killed in clashes with Israel and a third Palestinian who died of cancer in an Israeli prison. In Gaza, militants fired a rocket that landed in southern Israel, causing no casualties.
    (AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 5, Israel forces took Mohammad Khalek (14) into custody. 8 assault-rifle wielding soldiers shackled and blindfolded the boy as his five siblings watched. The military said Mohammad hurled rocks at Israeli vehicles on April 2 and at Israeli forces on several occasions. On April 17 the Palestinian-American teenager was sentenced to two weeks in prison for throwing rocks at Israeli forces.
    (AP, 4/11/13)(AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 7, Israeli researchers and Jewish leaders reported a 30 percent jump in anti-Semitic violence and vandalism last year, topped by a deadly school shooting in France, and expressed alarm about the rise of far-right parties in Hungary, Greece and other countries.
    (AP, 4/7/13)

2013        Apr 8, Israel shut a crossing with Gaza after rockets were fired from the Hamas-ruled territory at the Jewish state on the day it commemorated the Holocaust.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, An Israeli court delivered two consecutive life sentences to  Jack Teitel, a US-born Jewish extremist, for the 1997 murder of two Palestinians and the attempted murder of others.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 9, An Israeli court sentenced  Milad Khatib (26), an Arab citizen of Israel, to seven years in prison for spying for the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 11, Israeli police detained five women at a Jerusalem holy site for e for wearing prayer shawls and performing religious rituals that ultra-Orthodox Jews say are reserved for men. An ultra-Orthodox man was also detained for burning a prayer book in protest and was still in custody.
    (AP, 4/11/13)

2013        Apr 12, Israel troops shelled a position on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights from which they received fire.
    (AP, 4/12/13)

2013        Apr 14, Efraim "Efi" Arazi (76), a pioneer of Israel's powerful high-tech industry, died. He helped develop technology that allowed for a video recording of the first 1969 moon landing, has died. We was the founder of Scitex, Electronics for Imaging, and iMedia.
    (AP, 4/15/13)

2013        Apr 17, Militants in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula fired at least two rockets at Israel's southern resort town of Eilat. Nobody was hurt in the attack.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 23, Israel and Palestine agreed to renewed involvement by UNESCO in the Old City of Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 4/24/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 23, Palestinian prisoner Samer Issawi (33), who refused food for eight months, ended his hunger strike after a deal was reached with Israeli authorities for his early release. Issawi was sentenced in 2002 to 26 years in prison for his role in a series of shooting attacks targeting police cars and students at Jerusalem's Hebrew University.
    (AP, 4/23/13)

2013        Apr 24, Israel's attorney general upheld a practice to allow security personnel to read people's email accounts when they arrive at the airport, arguing it prevents militants from entering the country.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        Apr 25, Israel shot down a drone as it approached its northern coast from neighboring Lebanon, raising suspicions that the Hezbollah militant group was behind the infiltration attempt.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Israel's army said that it would soon halt its use of white phosphorus shells after years of international criticism for using the incendiary munitions in crowded Palestinian areas.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 27, Israel was hit by rockets fired from the Gaza Strip by Islamic militant group Hamas. They exploded in open areas with no injuries.
    (AP, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 28, Israel said it has responded to rockets fired the previous evening from the Gaza Strip with airstrikes on sites used by Islamic militant group Hamas. Israel also responded to the rocket fire by closing the Kerem Shalom crossing with Gaza.
    (AP, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 29, Arab League delegates in Washington, DC, proposed a revised peace plan based on a 2002 peace initiative that would allow some Jewish settlements on occupied land to remain part of Israel.
    (Econ, 5/11/13, p.41)(http://tinyurl.com/p7qtvph)

2013        Apr 30, An Israeli aircraft attacked a motorcycle in Gaza, killing Haitham Mishal, who the military said was a top militant in a shadowy al-Qaida-influenced group who had been involved in the April 17 rocket attack on southern Israel.
    (AP, 4/30/13)
2013        Apr 30, A Palestinian stabbed a settler to death at a bus stop near Ramallah. Evyatar Borowsky (31), a father of five, was killed by a knife-wielding Palestinian at a hitchhiking post in Samaria.
    (AP, 5/1/13)

2013        Apr, AnonGhost, a Mauritania based hacker group, launched a cyber attack dubbed OpIsrael that disrupted access to several Israeli government websites, attracting the attention of security experts worldwide.
    (Reuters, 6/28/13)

2013        May 3, Israel's air force carried out a strike against Syria, saying it targeted a shipment of advanced missiles bound for the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah.
    (AP, 5/4/13)

2013        May 5, Israeli warplanes struck areas in and around Damascus, setting off a series of explosions as they targeted a shipment of highly accurate, Iranian-made guided missiles believed to be bound for Lebanon's Hezbollah militant group. At least 42 Syrian soldiers were reported killed.
    (AP, 5/5/13)(AP, 5/6/13)

2013        May 6, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu met with his security Cabinet and then departed to China for a scheduled visit.
    (AP, 5/6/13)

2013        May 7, Two prominent Israeli activist groups said PM Netanyahu has stopped approving new construction in West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 5/7/13)
2013        May 7, In China Premier Li Keqiang and Pres. Xi Jinping met for talks in Beijing with Israelís PM Netanyahu.
    (SFC, 5/8/13, p.A6)

2013        May 8, Israel gave preliminary approval to build nearly 300 housing units in a West Bank settlement, bringing a Palestinian rebuke and possibly complicating US efforts to relaunch Mideast peace talks.
    (AP, 5/9/13)

2013        May 10, Israeli police with metal barriers and human chains held back thousands of ultra-Orthodox protesters who tried to prevent a liberal Jewish women's group from praying at a key holy site, the first time police have come down on the side of the women and not the protesters.
    (AP, 5/10/13)
2013        May 10, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood staged an anti-Israel rally in Cairo, the first such protest by the main backers of President Morsi since they rose to prominence in the wake of the country's 2011 uprising.
    (AP, 5/10/13)

2013        May 11, In Israel  some two thousand protesters marched in Tel Aviv over proposed tax hikes and benefit cuts.
    (AP, 5/11/13)
2013        May 11, The Israel military intentionally crashed an unmanned aircraft into the Mediterranean Sea because of a malfunction. The military then grounded its fleet of high altitude surveillance drones.
    (AP, 5/12/13)

2013        May 14, Israel's PM Netanyahu came under fire again for a costly lifestyle at taxpayers' expense, just as his government is slashing welfare benefits and raising taxes to cope with a huge deficit.
    (AP, 5/14/13)
2013        May 14, Russian President Vladimir Putin met Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu in Moscow for talks that focused on the situation in Syria, amid concerns that Russia could soon provide Syria with advanced missiles.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 15, Violence erupted as the Palestinians held an annual day of mourning and protests over the displacement of Palestinians following Israel's creation in 1948. Police say Jewish worshippers inside the Old City of Jerusalem were attacked during the unrest.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 16, Israeli police temporarily barred Israeli Jews and tourists from entering the most hotly contested Jerusalem holy site following Palestinian demonstrations.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 20, In Israel a gunman killed 4 people in a bungled bank robbery in Beersheba and then took his own life.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2013        May 26, Israel's trailblazing electric car company Better Place announced that it is shutting down, less than six years after unveiling an ambitious plan that promised to revolutionize the auto industry by reducing the world's dependency on oil. On July 10 an Israeli court allowed a consortium of Better Place car owners and entrepreneurs to purchase the companyís assets for under $12 million.
    (AP, 5/26/13)(SFC, 7/11/13, p.A2)

2013        May 28, Israel's defense minister signaled that his military is prepared to strike shipments of advanced Russian weapons to Syria, in a rare implied threat to Moscow.
    (AP, 5/28/13)

2013        May 30, Israel's Housing Ministry said it has given the final go-ahead for the construction of 300 new homes in a Jewish settlement in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        Jun 2, A state lawyer told the Israeli Supreme Court that a deal has been reached to absorb thousands of African migrants, but the details were not revealed. Army Radio reported the country was in east Africa.
    (AP, 6/3/13)

2013        Jun 6, Syrian rebels captured a crossing point along a cease-fire line with Israel in the contested Golan Heights. Austria announced that it is withdrawing the country's 377 UN peacekeepers from the Golan Heights after the Syrian conflict briefly spilled over to an area near their position.
    (AP, 6/6/13)

2013        Jun 11, Google announced the acquisition of Waze, the Israeli creator of a traffic and navigation app for smartphones.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, p.68)

2013        Jun 12, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu kicked off a two-day visit to Poland. He met Polish PM Donald Tusk in Warsaw and then headed south to inaugurate a new Auschwitz pavilion meant to educate visitors about the Holocaust and the WWII Nazi quest to exterminate the Jewish people.
    (AP, 6/12/13)

2013        Jun 18, Israeli police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said residents of Abu Ghosh, an Arab town near Jerusalem, found tires of 28 cars slashed and "Arabs out" scrawled on a wall. Police launched an investigation to find perpetrators.
    (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jun 21, In Israel a private security guard (25) shot and killed Doron Ben-Shlush (46), a Jewish man, at the back of Jerusalemís Western Wall plaza, after he reportedly shouted ďGod is great" in Arabic.
    (AP, 6/21/13)(SFC, 6/21/13, p.A2)

2013        Jun 24, Israeli aircraft pounded targets in the Gaza Strip after rockets were fired at Israel from the territory. A total of six rockets were fired at Israel overnight. Israeli police said that vandals slashed the tires of 21 cars in an Arab neighborhood of east Jerusalem. The vandals also scribbled slogans on nearby walls.
    (AP, 6/24/13)

2013        Jun 30, The family and Israeli layer of a Palestinian from the Gaza Strip, who vanished while visiting Egypt this month, said Wael Abu Rida (35) was under arrest in Israel for alleged security offences. Israel's Public Defender's Office said it had received Abu Rida's case on June 22 and assigned him a lawyer.
    (AP, 6/30/13)

2013        Jul 1, Israel announced a crackdown against Jewish ultranationalists who vandalize Palestinian property, saying they were tantamount to terrorists and their attacks could fan sectarian violence.
    (AP, 7/1/13)

2013        Jul 2, Israeli soldiers shot dead Moataz Sharawneh (19), a Palestinian, during a confrontation in the occupied West Bank.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 5, Israel targeted advanced anti-ship cruise missiles near Latakia in an air attack targeting a type of Russian-made missile called the Yakhont that Russia had sold to the Syrian government.
    (AP, 7/13/13)

2013        Jul 7, Israel's cabinet approved a draft law to abolish wholesale exemptions from military duty granted to Jewish seminary students, stoking ultra-Orthodox anger over the break with tradition.
    (Reuters, 7/7/13)

2013        Jul 8, In Israel several thousand ultra-Orthodox protesters effectively blocked Jewish women activists campaigning for equal worship rights at the Western Wall from holding a monthly prayer session at the holy site.
    (Reuters, 7/8/13)

2013        Jul 16, Israel condemned new guidelines by the European Union which ban EU funding and cooperation with Israeli institutions that operate in territory captured by the Jewish state in the 1967 Mideast war.
    (AP, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 19, In Israel Wael Abu Rida, a Palestinian secretly held by Israel after he vanished during a visit to Egypt last month, was indicted on terrorism charges. Authorities did not say how and where he was detained.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, The European Union published new guidelines explicitly banning any EU funding of Israeli institutions operating in territories occupied since the 1967 Mideast war, amid vigorous Israeli objections.
    (AP, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 26, Israel blocked the EU from aiding tens of thousands of Palestinians in the West Bank, in retaliation for an EU ban on financial assistance to Israeli organizations in the occupied territories.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)

2013        Jul 29, Israeli and Palestinian teams flew to Washington to end five years of diplomatic stalemate and prepare for a new round of Mideast peace talks, though optimism was in short supply after two decades of failed attempts to reach a deal.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Jul 30, In Washington DC Israeli and Palestinian negotiators wrapped up an initial two days of talks in a US-brokered effort that Sec. of State John Kerry hoped would end their conflict. Negotiators agreed to meet again in two weeks to start substantive negotiations. Talks had been on hold for nearly three years
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)(SFC, 7/31/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 4, The Israeli Cabinet expanded its list of West Bank settlements eligible for government subsidies, a decision that came just days after the resumption of long-frozen peace talks and drew quick Palestinian condemnation.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 7, Israel gave preliminary approval for the construction of more than 800 new homes in Jewish settlements on occupied West Bank land where Palestinians seek statehood.
    (Reuters, 8/8/13)
2013        Aug 7, An explosion at the border with Lebanon wounded 4 Israeli soldiers. The Lebanese Army said the troops were 400 meters inside Lebanese territory when the blast occurred. The area was known for having land mines.
    (Reuters, 8/7/13)

2013        Aug 9, In Egypt 4 Islamist militants were killed by a missile strike as they prepared to launch rockets at Israel. The Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis group said that its members were the target of the Israeli drone strike.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)

2013        Aug 10, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian who crossed in from the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, fearing he was a security threat though he proved to be unarmed.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)

2013        Aug 11, Israel's housing minister gave final approval for building nearly 1,200 new settlement apartments on lands the Palestinians want for their state.
    (AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 12, Israel named 26 Palestinian prisoners to be freed this week under a deal enabling US-backed peace talks to resume. Palestinians said these have been undermined by newly announced plans to expand Israeli settlements.
    (Reuters, 8/12/13)

2013        Aug 13, The Israeli military shot down a rocket launched toward a Red Sea resort town near the border with Egypt. It was the first time Israel's Iron Dome missile defense system successfully intercepted a rocket attack on the resort of Eilat.
    (AP, 8/13/13)

2013        Aug 14, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators reconvened for US-brokered peace talks in Jerusalem amid little fanfare and low expectations.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)

2013        Aug 18, An Israeli military official said Israeli forces have hit a target inside Syria that was the source of mortar fire into the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. At least three shells had landed near the Syrian frontier the previous evening, causing no injuries.
    (AP, 8/18/13)

2013        Aug 20, Israeli soldiers shot dead a Palestinian and wounded two others during a raid in the Jenin refugee camp in the occupied West Bank. Security forces arrested a suspected militant in Jenin and, after being attacked with live fire, home-made bombs and rocks, shot back. Kareem Abu Sbaih (19) died of his wounds on Aug 31.
    (Reuters, 8/20/13)(Reuters, 8/31/13)

2013        Aug 26, Palestinian negotiators called off a planned round of peace talks after Israeli soldiers killed 3 protesters during clashes following an arrest raid in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/26/13)

2013        Sep 6, Israeli police fired stun grenades at Palestinian protesters after Friday prayers in Jerusalem's Old City, arresting 15 of them after youths threw stones at Israeli security forces.
    (AFP, 9/6/13)

2013        Sep 16, Israel's supreme court struck down a year-old law that meant African migrants could be held in detention for up three years without charge.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)

2013        Sep 17, Israeli soldiers shot dead a 20-year-old Palestinian militant during a raid on the Jenin refugee camp in the occupied West Bank. Islam al-Tubas, a member of Islamic Jihad, was shot as he tried to flee arrest and after Palestinians shot and threw firebombs.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)

2013        Sep 20, A Palestinian lured an Israeli soldier to a village in the West Bank and killed him with the intention of trading the body for his jailed brother. Nidal Amar (42) was arrested the next day and confessed to the killing.
    (AP, 9/21/13)

2013        Sep 22, Israeli Sergeant Gabriel Koby (20) died in hospital after sustaining gunshot wounds in the southern West Bank city of Hebron.
    (AFP, 9/23/13)
2013        Sep 22, A Palestinian border officials said Israel is now allowing construction materials for private builders into the Gaza Strip for the first time in six years.
    (SFC, 9/23/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 27, Israeli troops clashed with stone-throwing protesters in Hebron as Palestinians marked the 13th anniversary of their 2nd uprising against Israeli occupation.
    (SFC, 9/28/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 29, Israel's Shin Bet domestic security service said it has arrested a Belgian citizen of Iranian origin whom it claims was sent by Iran to spy on Israel under the guise of a windows and roofing salesman.
    (AP, 9/29/13)
2013        Sep 29, Israeli police arrested four suspected Jewish nationalists for smashing headstones in a Christian cemetery near Jerusalem's walled Old City.
    (Reuters, 9/29/13)

2013        Sep 30, An Israeli court remanded in custody for eight days Ali Mansouri (55), an alleged Iranian spy, arrested on September 11 carrying photographs of the US embassy in Tel Aviv. Mansouri, a Belgian-Iranian man, was indicted on Oct 6.
    (AFP, 9/30/13)(Reuters, 10/6/13)
2013        Sep 30, Israeli soldiers shot dead a Palestinian near the border fence between Israel and the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, In Washington DC Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu urged President Barack Obama to step up sanctions on Iran if it pursues its nuclear drive even as Tehran exchanges overtures with Washington and restarts negotiations with the West.
    (AP, 10/1/13)

2013        Oct 3, Palestinian farmers, after a long court battle, reclaimed land they lost to an Israeli settlement in the 1970s. Israel had dismantled Homesh and three other West Bank settlements in 2005, in connection with a wider withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, but refused to let the original Palestinian landowners return.
    (AP, 10/3/13)

2013        Oct 4, Israel condemned a pronouncement by a European advisory council against male ritual circumcision, a practice that Jewish leaders consider central to their faith. In a non-binding resolution this week, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe said circumcision was "a violation of the physical integrity of children."
    (AP, 10/4/13)

2013        Oct 9, In Israel residents of Jaloud, a Palestinian village in the West Bank, said masked Jewish settlers burst into a school, vandalized cars and torched olive trees during a rampage that forced schoolchildren to remain locked in classrooms to keep safe.
    (AP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 11, Suspected Palestinian militants bludgeoned to death retired army colonel Sarya Ofer in the third killing of Israelis in the West Bank within as many weeks. Three suspects were arreted the next day.
    (AFP, 10/11/13)(AFP, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 13, Israel displayed what it called a Palestinian "terror tunnel" running into its territory from the Gaza Strip and said it was subsequently freezing the transfer of building material to the enclave.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 15, Israel's military destroyed a second tunnel dug from the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip into Israel. The military said the tunnel was packed with explosives and stretched dozens of meters (yards) into Israel.
    (AP, 10/15/13)

2013        Oct 21, Israel recognized NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg as the first ever recipient of the $1 million Genesis Prize, an award popularly dubbed the "Jewish Nobel Prize."
    (AP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 22, Israeli troops killed Mohamed Aatzi, an Islamic Jihad militant said to be behind the 2012 bombing of a Tel Aviv bus. The Palestinian radical movement confirmed his death.
    (AFP, 10/22/13)(SFC, 10/22/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 23, The Israeli incumbent Mayor Nir Barkat of Jerusalem won re-election in a hotly contested race that dealt a political blow to his challenger's main backers, former Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman and the ultra-Orthodox Shas party.
    (Reuters, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 27, Israelís PM Netanyahu said his country will renew cooperation with the UN Human Rights Council, following a boycott that began in March 2012 due to an investigation into settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
    (SSFC, 11/3/13, p.A4)
2013        Oct 27, Israel agreed to free 26 long-serving Palestinian prisoners as part of a US-brokered deal that led to the resumption of peace talks.
    (SFC, 10/28/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 28, Israeli warplanes raided the northern Gaza Strip after militants fired rockets over the border. Israel readied to free a new batch of long-term Palestinian prisoners.
    (AFP, 10/28/13)

2013        Oct 30, Israel released 26 long-serving Palestinian prisoners, the second batch of 104 inmates who are to be freed in line with commitments to US-brokered peace talks. Israel announced plans to build 1,500 new homes in east Jerusalem, the part of the city claimed by the Palestinians.
    (AFP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Israel reportedly targeted a shipment of surface-to-surface missiles in latakia, Syria, destined for Hezbollah, the powerful Lebanese Shiite movement fighting alongside the regime.
    (AFP, 11/1/13)

2013        Oct 31, Israelís Haaretz newspaper reported the government is planning to move ahead with another 3,360 new settler homes in the West Bank, quoting an MP from the ruling rightwing Likud party.
    (AFP, 10/31/13)
2013        Oct 31, Palestinian security sources said Israel's army arrested four suspects from the Islamic Jihad movement overnight, in the second such arrest operation this week. A Palestinian rock thrower was killed as Israeli troops entered Qabatiya in northern West Bank.
    (AFP, 10/31/13)(SFC, 11/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 1, An Israeli air strike killed 3 militants in the Gaza Strip after an overnight clash that killed a fourth Palestinian gunman and wounded five Israeli soldiers. The Israeli military said its aircraft targeted a tunnel used by militants to facilitate attacks on Israelis.
    (Reuters, 11/1/13)

2013        Nov 5, Israeli and Palestinian officials said the three-month-old peace talks pressed on them by Washington are going nowhere.
    (Reuters, 11/5/13)

2013        Nov 6, An Israeli court found former Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman innocent of all charges in a graft trial, clearing the way for one of Israel's most powerful and polarizing figures to return to his post as the nation's top diplomat.
    (AP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 7, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian near Jerusalem. Police said Anas al-Atrash (23) was shot dead when he ran at an officer with a knife at a checkpoint between the West Bank.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 7, Swiss scientists confirmed that Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat ingested lethal radioactive polonium before his death in 2004 and had high levels of it in his body that could not have been accidental. Palestinian officials have alleged from the start that Israel poisoned Arafat.
    (AP, 11/7/13)

2013        Nov 8, American influence in culture, science and education around the world took a high-profile blow after the US automatically lost voting rights at UNESCO, after missing a crucial deadline to repay its debt to the world's cultural agency. The US hasn't paid its dues in three years in protest to the decision by world governments to make Palestine a UNESCO member in 2011. Israel suspended its dues at the same time in support of the US and also lost voting rights.
    (AP, 11/8/13)

2013        Nov 10, PM Benjamin Netanyahu said that Israel would do all it could to keep world powers from striking a "bad and dangerous" deal with Iran over its nuclear program.
    (AFP, 11/10/13)
2013        Nov 10, The Israeli cabinet approved the return of far-right leader Avigdor Lieberman as foreign minister after his acquittal on corruption charges.
    (Reuters, 11/10/13)

2013        Nov 12, Settlement watchdog Peace Now said Israel plans to build 20,000 new settler homes in the West Bank. PM Netanyahu publicly forced Housing Minister Uri Ariel, who had approved the plans, to back down after drawing US condemnation for a settlement project the Palestinians warned would end a fragile peace process
    (AFP, 11/12/13)(AFP, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 13, Israeli soldier  Eden Atias (19) died after a Palestinian youth (16) stabbed him on board a bus in the north of the country.
    (AP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 13, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said his peace negotiators had resigned over the lack of progress in US-brokered statehood talks clouded by Israeli settlement building.
    (Reuters, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 14, Israeli aircraft bombed two rocket launchers in the Gaza Strip, hours after Palestinian militants had fired mortars into Israel.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 17, French President Francois Hollande arrived in Israel for a visit and said France will never tolerate nuclear proliferation. The visit will also see him traveling to the Palestinian territories to discuss Middle East peace talks which have been limping along for three months with little signs of progress.
    (AFP, 11/17/13)

2013        Nov 18, Israel's fraud squad questioned former chief Ashkenazi rabbi Yona Metzger on charges of taking bribes, fraud, breach of trust, obstructing justice and witness tampering. Police said the national fraud unit put the sums related to the suspected felonies at millions of shekels.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Israeli court documents disclosed the government has secretly detained Samer al-Baraq, a suspected al-Qaeda biological weapons expert, for more than three years, after the man appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court to free him.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 24, Israel's PM Netanyahu harshly condemned the international community's nuclear deal with Iran.
    (AP, 11/24/13)

2013        Nov 25, Israel approved plans to build more than 800 settler homes on occupied land, in a move Palestinians said was aimed at venting Israeli anger toward a historic deal Western powers have struck with Iran over its nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 28, An Israeli court jailed six Israeli Arab citizens over the mob killing in 2005 of Jewish gunman Eden Nathan-Zaada (19) after he went on a deadly rampage on a bus in their town.
    (Reuters, 11/28/13)

2013        Nov 30, An Israeli policeman shot dead a Palestinian in the town of Petah Tikva near Tel Aviv after he tried to attack the arresting force. A paramilitary Border Police unit was searching for Palestinians who did not have a permit to stay in Israel when one of them tried to stab a policeman.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Israel large protests over a plan to resettle nomadic Bedouin Arabs in the southern Negev desert caused injuries and led to some arrests as well as condemnation from PM Benjamin Netanyahu.
    (AP, 11/30/13)

2013        Dec 7, A Palestinian boy, Wajih Wajdi Al-Ramah (15), died of a gunshot wound in the occupied West Bank. His father and two friends blamed Israeli troops guarding a nearby settlement for the shooting. The father said the boy had left a grocery store when he was shot from the nearby settlement, about 300 meters away.
    (Reuters, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 9, Israel's parliament moved to ensure African migrants who enter the country illegally can be held without charge, despite a Supreme Court ruling that had struck down a previous detention law.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 9, Representatives of Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians signed a "historic" agreement to link the Red Sea with the shrinking Dead Sea. The agreement was signed at the World Bank in Washington, water will be drawn from the Gulf of Aqaba at the northern end of the Red Sea.
    (AFP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 15, Israeli soldier Sgt Shlomi Cohen (31) was killed by a Lebanese soldier along the border. Israeli troops searching the area fired towards two suspects who were standing on the other side of the border, hitting one of them.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 16, European Union foreign ministers pledged "unprecedented" amounts of political, financial and security support for Israel and the Palestinians if they come to a peace agreement.
    (AP, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 17, In Israel some 200 African migrants and Israeli activists ended a two-day march with a rally denouncing Israel's policy of detaining those illegally in the country.
    (AP, 12/17/13)
2013        Dec 17, The European Union said it has warned Israel against any new West Bank settlement construction following an upcoming Palestinian prisoner release, saying it will be held responsible for any resulting failure of the ongoing peace talks.
    (AP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 18, The Israeli army shot dead a Palestinian man and wounded others in clashes that erupted following military activity in the northern West Bank.
    (AFP, 12/18/13)
2013        Dec 18, China's foreign minister paid a rare visit to Israel, reflecting the burgeoning trade ties between the two countries. But the trip was clouded by fresh accusations that Israel's prime minister had compromised the global war on terrorism under heavy Chinese pressure.
    (AP, 12/18/13)
2013        Dec 18, Iyad Sarraj (70), an award-winning Palestinian psychiatrist and human rights campaigner who championed peace with Israel, died in an Israeli hospital overnight of cancer.
    (AFP, 12/18/13)

2013        Dec 19, The Israeli military killed a Palestinian gunman during an arrest raid in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/19/13)

2013        Dec 21, Israeli soldiers shot and wounded a Palestinian man in the southern Gaza Strip. Witnesses said the shooting happened when several young Palestinians who were hunting birds approached the security fence separating the territory from Israel and came under fire. Israel said terrorists had attempted to conceal an explosive device in order to attack IDF soldiers.
    (AFP, 12/21/13)

2013        Dec 24, Israeli air and ground forces launched a series of attacks on targets across the Gaza Strip, killing a young girl and wounding 10 in response to the deadly shooting of an Israeli civilian by a Palestinian sniper. Palestinian officials reported at least 16 Israeli attacks.
    (AP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 27, An Israeli official said Israel plans to build 1,400 homes in its settlements in the occupied West Bank and will announce the projects next week after releasing a group of Palestinian prisoners.
    (Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, Lack of fuel from Israel brought Gaza's lone power plant to a halt, days after it was fired back to life following a seven-week shutdown.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)

2013        Dec 29, Israel's cabinet approved a Finance Ministry proposal to tighten spending limits on the government's budget starting in 2015.
    (Reuters, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 29, The Israeli military fired a barrage of shells into southern Lebanon in retaliation after five Katyusha-style rockets were launched against the Jewish state. The attacks struck uninhabited areas of both Israel and Lebanon without causing any casualties or damage.
    (AFP, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 29, The Gaza Strip's only power plant returned to life after Israel resumed fuel deliveries.
    (AFP, 12/29/13)

2013        Dec 31, Israel freed 26 Palestinian prisoners, days before US Secretary of State John Kerry was due back in the Middle East to press the two sides to reach a framework peace deal. This release was the third of four groups to go free.
    (Reuters, 12/31/13)

2013        Waze, an Israeli car navigation service sold itself to Google for $966 million.
    (Econ, 12/13/14, p.70)
2013        Wix, an Israeli software company that helps people create websites, went public.
    (Econ, 12/13/14, p.70)

2014        Jan 2, A Palestinian man (85) died after inhaling tear gas fired by the Israeli army to disperse local protesters landed in his home in the occupied West Bank.
    (Reuters, 1/2/14)

2014        Jan 3, Israeli war planes carried out a series of strikes in the Gaza Strip, shortly after a rocket from the enclave struck the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 1/3/14)
2014        Jan 3, A Palestinian youth, identified as Adnan Abu Khater (16), died of his wounds after he was shot a day earlier by Israeli soldiers near the border fence in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 5, In Israel over 30,000 African migrants, many holding banners demanding freedom for compatriots jailed as illegal job-seekers, protested in a main Tel Aviv square against a new open-ended detention law.
    (AFP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 6, In Israel several thousand African migrants protested outside Western embassies in Tel Aviv, demanding freedom for compatriots jailed by Israel in a desert facility under a new open-ended detention law.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, Israel gave final approval for building 272 new apartments in two isolated West Bank settlements as US Sec. of State John Kerry wrapped up his latest mediating mission in the region.
    (SFC, 1/7/14, p.A3)

2014        Jan 7, In Israel thousands of African asylum seekers demonstrated in Tel Aviv for a third straight day of protests against immigration policies.
    (AFP, 1/7/14)

2014        Jan 8, In Israel thousands of African migrants demanding to be recognized as refugees protested outside of Israel's parliament, part of a series of mass demonstrations over their status in Israel.
    (AP, 1/8/14)
2014        Jan 8, Dutch pension asset manager PGGM, one of the largest in the country, said it was divesting from five Israeli banks because they finance Jewish settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories.
    (AFP, 1/8/14)
2014        Jan 8, An Islamic Jihad militant was killed near Gaza City in what medics and family said was an Israeli drone strike.
    (AFP, 1/8/14)

2014        Jan 9, Palestinians threw rocks at a West Bank hotel, shattering windows and breaking up a meeting of Israeli and Palestinian peace activists.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, French engineering group Alstom said it has won a contract worth 120 million euros ($163 million) to build Israel's first hydroelectric storage facility.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 10, Israel announced plans to build 1,400 new homes in Jewish settlements in the West Bank and east Jerusalem. Police said suspected Jewish extremists cut down fruit trees belonging to Israeli Arabs overnight in an apparent revenge attack for Palestinian villagers beating up Jewish settlers.
    (AP, 1/10/14)(AFP, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 10, Israel's cultural and financial capital unveiled a memorial honoring gays and lesbians persecuted by the Nazis, the first specific recognition in Israel for non-Jewish victims of the Holocaust.
    (AP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 11, Ariel Sharon (b.1928), former Israeli prime minister (2001-2006), died in a hospital near Tel Aviv eight years after a debilitating stroke put him into a coma.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)

2014        Jan 12, In the Israeli occupied West Bank at least 50 people were hurt in a clash between Palestinian police and residents of the Jalazoun refugee camp protesting against a strike in a UN aid agency that has paralyzed services.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 14, Rose Fostanes, a Filipina who has spent nearly half her life as a carer overseas, won Israel's first "X Factor" TV talent competition.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 15, Suspected Jewish extremists torched the entrance to a mosque in the West Bank, in an apparent revenge attack for Palestinians beating and detaining Israeli settlers last week.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 16, Israeli air strikes in the Gaza Strip overnight wounded a woman and four children, with Israel saying it had struck in retaliation for rocket fire.
    (AFP, 1/16/14)

2014        Jan 17, The Israeli army fired live rounds and tear gas at protesters near the border fence in the Gaza Strip, wounding two Palestinians. Troops fired at some 300 demonstrators who were protesting against Israel's destruction of farmland for its 300-meter buffer zone.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 18, In Morocco the Al-Quds (Jerusalem) Committee of Muslim nations ended talks and urged the international community to put pressure on Israel to stop building Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 19, Israel decided to end a decades-old policy of issuing gas masks to the public in an apparent sign of confidence in Syria's chemical weapons disarmament.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Two Palestinians were hurt, one critically, in an Israeli air strike on Gaza City. The Israel military said it had targeted Ahmad Saad, a senior Islamic Jihad militant.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Canadian PM Stephen Harper began his first official visit to Israel, with his Israeli counterpart Benjamin Netanyahu hailing him as a "great friend" of the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 20, Canadaís PM Stephen Harper said the staunch Israeli ally would provide additional financial support for the West Bank, as he met Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas in Ramallah.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)

2014        Jan 21, It was reported that Israel's government has approved plans to build 381 new homes in a settlement near annexed east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 22, An Israeli air strike killed 2 Palestinians including one militant in northern Gaza. Israel blamed one of them for firing rockets across the border during former Israeli PM Ariel Sharon's funeral last week.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, Israel said it has arrested an Al-Qaeda-run militant cell in annexed east Jerusalem which was planning to bomb the US embassy.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, Israel moved forward with plans for 261 new homes in two settlements located deep in the occupied West Bank. The plans included 256 housing units in Nofei Prat settlement, between east Jerusalem and Jericho, and another five in the sprawling Ariel settlement in the north.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)

2014        Jan 24, Israeli forces shot dead Bilal Samir Oweida (20) and wounded another man in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli army said a group of Palestinians had entered "a prohibited area" in northern Gaza where they damaged the security fence, hurled rocks and rolled burning tires at IDF (Israel Defense Forces).
    (AFP, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 26, An Israeli court extended by two days the detention of two Palestinian men it suspects of planning to bomb the US Embassy in Tel Aviv under instructions from al-Qaida.
    (AP, 1/26/14)
2014        Jan 26, Israel said it will allow the entry of about 1,000 tons of cement and building materials to the Gaza Strip for storm damage restoration and other projects of UN agencies.
    (AFP, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 27, An Israeli data protection expert said hackers earlier this month attacked 15 Israeli computers including one used by the defense ministry department dealing with civilians in the occupied West Bank.
    (AFP, 1/27/14)
2014        Jan 27, Israeli troops shot and seriously wounded a Palestinian man (34) close to the Gaza side of the border. Soldiers opened fire after a blast which occurred as a military vehicle passed on the Israeli side of the border fence. Israeli authorities demolished four Palestinian homes in annexed east Jerusalem that had been built without construction permits.
    (AFP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 29, Israeli soldiers north of Ramalla shot dead Mohammad Mubara (19), a Palestinian from the Jalazun refugee camp. Eye-witnesses said Mubarak was not armed, and had been harassed by soldiers who made him remove his clothes.
    (AFP, 1/29/14)

2014        Jan 30, England-based Oxfam confirmed accepting US actress Scarlett Johansson's decision to step down, saying her promotion of Israeli drinks firm SodaStream, which has a factory in a settlement east of Jerusalem, was "incompatible" with her role at the international aid agency.
    (AFP, 1/30/14)

2014        Feb 3, Haaretz newspaper said Israel has offered Turkey $20 million in compensation to the families of those killed and wounded in its botched 2010 raid on a Gaza-bound flotilla.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, A Palestinian official accused Jewish settlers in the West Bank of attacking olive groves belonging to Palestinians and uprooting some 1,700 seedlings.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 5, Israel's Jerusalem municipality approved building plans for 558 new homes in the occupied West Bank, land that the Palestinians want for a future state.
    (Reuters, 2/5/14)
2014        Feb 5, Israel's finance minister said he will stop funding for ultra-Orthodox seminaries whose students do not enlist into the military. Yair Lapid's announcement was in response to an order from the Israeli Supreme Court.
    (AP, 2/5/14)

2014        Feb 6, In Israel thousands of ultra-Orthodox Jews blocked highways across the country to protest plans to enlist them into the military.
    (AP, 2/6/14)

2014        Feb 7, Aid agencies working in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem expressed alarm at a spike in Israeli demolitions of Palestinian property coinciding with renewed US-backed peace negotiations.
    (Reuters, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 9, A Palestinian militant was in critical condition after an Israeli air strike on central Gaza that the army said targeted a "key" figure responsible for cross-border rocket fire.
    (AFP, 2/9/14)
2014        Feb 9, Israel denied entry permits to some 50 Palestinian medical patients from the Gaza Strip because the words "State of Palestine" was on the letterhead of their application.
    (Reuters, 2/12/14)

2014        Feb 12, A municipal planning committee advanced a plan to build a Jewish seminary in the heart of an Arab neighborhood of east Jerusalem, triggering angry Palestinian accusations that Israel was undermining already troubled Mideast peace efforts.
    (AP, 2/12/14)

2014        Feb 13, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian and wounded another in the Gaza Strip. Relatives said Ibrahim Mansour (26) was collecting gravel to sell from his donkey cart when he was shot dead. The Israeli military said soldiers fired at Palestinians tampering with Israel's border security fence.
    (Reuters, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 15, In Israel two gunmen on a motorcycle killed a man as he drove near Tel Avivís beachfront. Police believed it was a gangland attack.
    (SSFC, 2/16/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 17, In Israel an explosion atop 5-story building in Acre collapsed three floors leaving 5 people dead. It was reported as an act of sabotage meant to take out a cellular antenna placed on the roof by the owner.
    (SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A6)

2014        Feb 18, Egyptian authorities charged two Israelis and two Egyptians with forming an espionage ring for Israel, the second such trial to be called for in a month.
    (AP, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 23, In Israel Samuel Sheinbein (34), an American-Israeli prisoner, reportedly stole a gun from one of his guards before special forces shot him dead. An initial investigation revealed that the weapon was actually brought in from the outside. Sheinbein, was tried in Israel in 1999, and sentenced to 24 years for his slaying and dismemberment in Maryland of 19-year-old Alfredo Enrique Tello Jr.
    (AP, 2/24/14)

2014        Feb 24, Two Israeli raids hit a Hezbollah target on the border of Lebanon and Syria. Lebanon's National News Agency soon confirmed the report, adding that the raids struck the countryside of the Lebanese border town of Nabi Sheet.
    (AFP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 27, Israeli forces opened fire and killed Muataz Washaha (24), a Palestinian they were seeking to arrest in the occupied West Bank, after the man had barricaded himself inside his house.
    (Reuters, 2/27/14)

2014        Feb 28, An Israeli aircraft hit a suspected rocket launch site in the north of the Gaza Strip late today.
    (AFP, 3/1/14)

2014        Mar 1, Israeli troops close to the border shot dead Amena Atiyyeh Qdeih (57), a mentally ill Gazan woman, near to the southern city of Khan Yunis.
    (AFP, 3/1/14)

2014        Mar 2, Hundreds of thousands of ultra-Orthodox Jews held a mass prayer in Jerusalem in protest at a bill that would cut their community's military exemptions and end a tradition upheld since Israel's foundation.
    (Reuters, 3/2/14)

2014        Mar 5, The Israeli navy seized a ship in the Red Sea that was carrying dozens of advanced Iranian-supplied rockets made in Syria and intended for Palestinian guerrillas in the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 3/5/14)
2014        Mar 5, Israel's army struck 2 members of the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah as they tried to plant a bomb near the Israeli-Syrian border.
    (AFP, 3/5/14)
2014        Mar 5, California Gov. Jerry Brown unveiled an agreement with Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu to boost joint projects in high technology, the environment and cybersecurity.
    (SFC, 3/6/14, p.A1)

2014        Mar 8, The Israeli pacifist group Yesh Gvul (There is a limit) published a letter by a group of 50 Israeli teenagers informing PM Benjamin Netanyahu they will refuse to serve in the military because of its role in the occupation of Palestinian land.
    (AFP, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 9, The Arab League endorsed Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's rejection of Israel's demand for recognition as a Jewish state, as US-backed peace talks approach a deadline next month.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, In NYC thousands of ultra-Orthodox Jews filled the streets of lower Manhattan to protest Israelís decision to draft strictly religious citizens into its army.
    (SFC, 3/10/14, p.A6)

2014        Mar 10, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian judge from Jordan in an altercation at a crossing point between Jordan and the Israeli-occupied West Bank. The Israeli military said Raed Alaa el-Deen Za'eiter (Raed Zeiter) had tried to seize a soldier's gun at the Allenby bridge.
    (Reuters, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 11, Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu ruled out any deal with the Palestinians unless they recognize Israel as the Jewish state and give up their refugees' right of return.
    (AFP, 3/11/14)
2014        Mar 11, Israel expressed its regret over the death of Jordanian judge Raed Zeiter (38) while he was making his way to the occupied West Bank. He was shot a day earlier by Israeli soldiers after an altercation at the Allenby Bridge crossing.
    (Reuters, 3/11/14)
2014        Mar 11, An Israeli air strike killed 3 militants of the Al-Quds Brigades in the southern Gaza Strip. The air strike came just hours after an unmanned aircraft of the sort Israel uses for surveillance and missile strikes crashed in the same area, just east of Khan Yunis.
    (AFP, 3/11/14)

2014        Mar 12, Israeli lawmakers passed a contentious law meant to draft ultra-Orthodox Jews into the military, culminating a reform drive that generated mass protests by the religious community in Israel and beyond.
    (AP, 3/12/14)
2014        Mar 12, Palestinian militants fired at least 25 rockets at Israel, but there were no immediate reports of casualties.
    (AFP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 13, Israeli warplanes pounded 29 Palestinian targets in the Gaza Strip  in response to heavy Palestinian rocket fire into the Jewish state as Gaza militants resumed rocket fire. Israelís defense ministry shut down the Kerem Shalom goods crossing into southern Gaza following rocket fire over the border.
    (AFP, 3/13/14)(AP, 3/13/14)(AFP, 3/16/14)
2014        Mar 13, Egypt brokered a ceasefire aimed at ending a flare-up of rocket attacks from Gaza on Israeli towns and Israeli air strikes in the Palestinian enclave.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)

2014        Mar 14, In Jordan protesters fought with riot police outside of the Israeli Embassy, as some 2,000 demonstrators called on the kingdom to end its peace treaty with the country over the killing of a Jordanian judge.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Gaza militants fired a rocket at Israel after two days of intense exchanges. It exploded in southern Israel but caused no damage or injuries.
    (AP, 3/14/14)

2014        Mar 15, The Gaza Strip's only power plant shut down due to a lack of fuel from Israel, which closed a goods crossing after militant rocket attacks.
    (AFP, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 16, Israel allowed the resumption of diesel deliveries into Gaza, a day after the territory's sole power plant stopped working due to a lack of fuel.
    (AFP, 3/16/14)

2014        Mar 18, An explosion in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights wounded four Israeli soldiers near the Syrian frontier. Israeli forces responded with artillery fire into Syrian-held territory.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)(Reuters, 3/19/14)

2014        Mar 19, Israel launched air strikes against Syrian military sites in response to a roadside bombing that wounded four of its soldiers, but both sides signaled they were not seeking further escalation. The airstrikes in the Golan Heights killed one Syrian soldier and wounded seven.
    (Reuters, 3/19/14)(AP, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 19, Israel's Jerusalem municipality approved building plans for 184 new homes in two Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank.
    (AP, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 19, Israeli troops shot dead Palestinian teenager Yussef Sami Shawamreh (15) in the southern West Bank.
    (AFP, 3/19/14)

2014        Mar 21, Israel's Mossad intelligence agency said 8 Iranian Jews who disappeared while trying to leave the Islamic Republic from 1994-1997 were captured and killed.
    (AP, 3/21/14)
2014        Mar 21, Israeli soldiers shot and wounded two Palestinians in the Gaza Strip near the border as two instigators attempted to climb over the security fence.
    (AFP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 22, Israeli forces shot and killed Hamza Abu Alhija (24), a wanted Hamas Islamist militant, and two other militants dead in a raid on a home in the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)

2014        Mar 23, Israeli diplomats launched an unprecedented strike, forcing the complete closure of embassies around the world as they escalated a dispute over pay.
    (Reuters, 3/23/14)
2014        Mar 23, In Israel Ramzan Kadyrov, the president of Russia's republic of Chechnya, inaugurated a new, $10 million mosque in the Arab village of Abu Ghosh.
    (AP, 3/23/14)

2014        Mar 26, Israeli navy ships opened fire on two suspected Palestinian smuggling boats off the Gaza coast. Both vessels sank after an explosion following the shooting.
    (AP, 3/26/14)
2014        Mar 26, In their ďKuwait Declaration" Arab leaders called for a political solution to the conflict in Syria, overlooking Saudi-backed demands for greater military support for rebel forces to tip the balance in the war. The Arab League also announced their "total rejection of the call to consider Israel a Jewish state," in the final statement.
    (AFP, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, Israel said it will allow into the Gaza Strip construction materials and electric equipment to help build a Turkish-sponsored hospital, in a possible sign of improving ties with Ankara.
    (Reuters, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 28, Israeli police and antiquities inspectors arrested a gang accused of looting ancient Jewish burial caskets from a cave in the Jerusalem area.
    (AFP, 3/31/14)
2014        Mar 28, A Palestinian official said Israel will not free the final batch of prisoners they had been expecting alongside US-brokered peace talks. Israeli cabinet members had warned they would block the final release, anticipated for the end of March, if the Palestinians refused to extend the talks beyond their April 29 deadline.
    (AFP, 3/28/14)

2014        Mar 31, An Israeli court convicted former PM Ehud Olmert (68) in a wide-ranging bribery case. Olmert was charged for acts committed while he was mayor of Jerusalem and minister of industry and trade.
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 2, Palestinian foreign minister Riyad al-Malki said he has delivered requests for membership of several UN agencies, as part of a move that shook a fragile Middle East peace process.
    (AFP, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 4, Israeli military aircraft struck militant targets in the Gaza Strip hours after Palestinians there fired rockets at Israel.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 6, Israeli warplanes attacked several sites in the Gaza Strip, hours after a rocket from the Palestinian enclave hit the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 10, Israelís Defense Ministry announced the launch of the Ofek 10, a spy satellite, to keep tabs on Iran and hostile militant groups in the region.
    (SFC, 4/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 10, An Israeli official said Israel would stop the tax money transfers in retaliation for the Palestinians pushing to sign up for more recognition from international agencies and treaties. Israel collects about $100 million a month in taxes for the Palestinians.
    (AP, 4/11/14)
2014        Apr 10, Israeli police said they have arrested five people suspected of demolishing a military base on April 8 in the northern extremist West Bank settlement of Yitzhar.
    (AFP, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 11, In Israel Ron Pundak (59), a longtime peace activist and architect of the 1993 Oslo agreement between Israel and the Palestinians, died at home of cancer.
    (AFP, 4/11/14)

2014        Apr 13, In Israel Ibrahim Hamed, a former Hamas military leader  serving multiple life sentences, declared an open-ended hunger strike in protest at his solitary confinement.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 14, A Palestinian woman died after reportedly inhaling tear gas used by Israeli troops at Ayda refugee camp near the West Bank city of Bethlehem, but the military denied any involvement. An Israeli man was killed and his wife and son wounded as they drove through the West Bank en route to a Passover meal.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)(AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 16, Dozens of Palestinians were wounded in clashes with Israeli police that erupted when Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound was opened to Jewish visitors.
    (AFP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 20, Israeli police arrested 16 Palestinians at one of Jerusalem's most revered and politically sensitive holy sites as they dispersed protesters opposed to any Jewish attempts to pray there.
    (Reuters, 4/20/14)

2014        Apr 21, Seven rockets fired from the Gaza Strip landed in southern Israel during the Jewish Passover holiday, drawing retaliatory air strikes from the Israeli army.
    (Reuters, 4/21/14)

2014        Apr 24, The Israeli government said it was suspending negotiations with the Palestinians, breaking off nine months of talks brokered by US Sec. of State John Kerry. Israel said it would not negotiate with a Palestinian government backed by Hamas.
    (SFC, 4/25/14, p.A3)

2014        Apr 26, Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas signaled that he remains committed to troubled US-backed peace talks, saying that any unity government agreed with the militant group Hamas would recognize Israel.
    (Reuters, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 27, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called the Holocaust "the most heinous crime" of modern history and expressed his sympathy for the victims, a rare acknowledgment by an Arab leader of Jewish suffering during the Nazi genocide.
    (AP, 4/27/14)

2014        Apr 29, A Palestinian-built protest boat, Gaza's Ark, which was preparing to run Israel's naval blockade of the territory, was badly damaged in an explosion that organizers blamed on Israel.
    (AFP, 4/29/14)
2014        Apr 29, Washington's deadline for reaching a peace deal between Israel and Palestine expired today with the sides bitterly divided.
    (AFP, 4/29/14)

2014        May 1, Israeli Economy Minister Naftali Bennett said US computer chip giant Intel is to invest close to $6 billion in upgrading its local production facilities.
    (AFP, 5/1/14)
2014        May 1, Israeli actor and director Assi Dayan (68) died in his Tel Aviv home. Dayan acted in 50 films and TV shows and directed 16 movies and was known for both his trailblazing films and troubled personal life.
    (AP, 5/1/14)

2014        May 4, Israeli police looking for evidence linked to a recent attack on a mosque were mobbed overnight by around 100 demonstrators at the at Yitzhar West Bank settlement.
    (AFP, 5/4/14)

2014        May 6, Israel marked its 66th Independence Day. In the north some 10,000 protesters, many waving Palestinian flags, joined a rally to remember 530 villages from which some 760,000 people fled or were expelled following the creation of the Jewish state in 1948.
    (AFP, 5/7/14)

2014        May 11, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu arrived in Tokyo for a summit with his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe at which he is expected to raise the Iranian nuclear talks and economic cooperation.
    (AFP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 13, An Israeli court sentenced former PM Ehud Olmert to six years in prison for his role in a bribery scandal. He was charged for acts while he was mayor of Jerusalem and national trade minister, years before he became prime minister in 2006.
    (AP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 14, Israeli military forces began demolishing structures in an illegal West Bank settler outpost, after attempts at a voluntary evacuation failed.
    (AFP, 5/14/14)

2014        May 15, Israeli troops shot dead two Palestinian teens, Nadim Nuwara (17) and Muhammad Abu Thahr (16), in a West Bank clash that erupted after Palestinians marked their uprooting during the Mideast war over Israel's 1948 creation.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(Reuters, 6/12/14)

2014        May 25, Pope Francis landed at Israel's international airport, kicking off the final leg of his Holy Land pilgrimage. Pope Francis invited the Israeli and Palestinian presidents to come to the Vatican to pray for peace.
    (AP, 5/25/14)(Reuters, 5/25/14)

2014        May 26, Israel approved plans for 50 new homes for Israelis in annexed east Jerusalem as Pope Francis wrapped up a visit to the region.
    (AFP, 5/26/14)
2014        May 26, A Turkish court ordered the arrests of four former Israeli military commanders being tried in absentia over the killing of 9 people aboard a Turkish aid ship that tried to break a Gaza blockade on May 31, 2010.
    (AP, 5/26/14)

2014        May 28, Israeli soldiers raided the offices of a Palestinian newspaper in the West Bank city of Ramallah, ordering them to stop printing publications by the Islamist movement Hamas.
    (AFP, 5/28/14)
2014        May 28, Cardinal Bechara Rai, head of Lebanon's largest group of Christians, the Maronite Catholics, made two politically charged stops in his precedent-setting pilgrimage to Israel.
    (AP, 5/28/14)

2014        Jun 3, Israeli troops shot dead Alaa Odeh (30), a Palestinian who the military said had opened fire and wounded a soldier at a checkpoint in the occupied West Bank. Odeh's family was quoted as saying in media reports that he was at the checkpoint awaiting a delivery of phones.
    (Reuters, 6/3/14)

2014        Jun 5, Israel's housing ministry said it was advancing plans for nearly 1,500 new settlement housing units in the West Bank and east Jerusalem in response to the formation of a Palestinian unity government backed by the Islamic militant group Hamas.
    (AP, 6/5/14)

2014        Jun 6, Israeli police raided the east Jerusalem studios of Palestine TV and briefly detained three staff for questioning. Police reportedly suspected Palestine TV of broadcasting "incitements to violence."
    (AFP, 6/6/14)

2014        Jun 8, Israeli and Palestinian presidents met in an unprecedented prayer meeting with Pope Francis at the Vatican. Francis hoped the gesture will "re-create a desire, a possibility" of eventually relaunching the Middle East's stalled peace process.
    (Reuters, 6/8/14)
2014        Jun 8, Gaza's Health Ministry said a Palestinian fisherman (51) died from wounds he suffered after his boat was shot at by Israeli forces two weeks ago.
    (AP, 6/8/14)

2014        Jun 10, Israel's parliament chose Reuven Rivlin (74), a veteran Likud politician and supporter of the Jewish settlement movement, as the country's next president, putting a man opposed to the creation of a Palestinian state into the ceremonial but largely influential post.
    (AP, 6/10/14)

2014        Jun 12, Israeli teens Eyal Yifrah (19), Gilad Shaar (16), and Naftali Fraenkel, a 16-year-old with dual Israeli-American citizenship, disappeared in the West Bank. Israel blamed Hamas, which has praised the kidnapping, but has not taken responsibility for it.
    (AP, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 13, Israel's military said its soldiers are searching the West Bank after three Israeli teenagers were reported missing.
    (AP, 6/13/14)
2014        Jun 13, Israeli men, colorfully dressed drag queens and others partied through central Tel Aviv as tens of thousands of people took part in the city's annual gay pride parade, the largest event of its kind in the Middle East.
    (AP, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 15, Israeli troops arrested some 80 Palestinians, including dozens of members of Hamas, in an overnight raid in the West Bank as PM Benjamin Netanyahu accused the Islamic militant group of kidnapping three teenagers who went missing nearly three days ago.
    (AP, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 16, Israeli armed forces swept through half a dozen Palestinian towns and arrested more Hamas officials, expanding a search for three teenagers into a crackdown on the Islamist group accused of abducting them.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)

2014        Jun 17, Israelís security cabinet agreed to make more arrests, put up roadblocks and turn Palestinian houses into military observation posts to increase pressure on Hamas for the kidnapping of three youths after they left their religious school in a Jewish settlement on June 12.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)

2014        Jun 18, Israel tightened its grip on the West Bank, arresting another 65 people, as Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas lashed out at those behind the disappearance of three Israeli teenagers.
    (AFP, 6/18/14)

2014        Jun 19, Israeli forces traded gunfire with Palestinians in the fiercest street battles in the occupied West Bank since a search began for three Israeli teenagers missing for a week. 30 "terror suspects" were detained in the West Bank, bringing to 280 the number of Palestinians taken into custody over the past week.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, An Israeli court sentenced former Jerusalem mayor Uri Lupolianski to six years in prison for his part in a corruption scandal involving ex-premier Ehud Olmert.
    (AFP, 6/19/14)

2014        Jun 20, Israeli soldiers killed Mohammed Dudin (15), a Palestinian boy, in clashes during West Bank raids. 3 other Palestinians were seriously wounded by army gunfire during raids in four towns and refugee camps, as a search for three Israeli teens feared abducted in the territory entered its second week.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)(AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Iraqi Kurdistan looked set to unload in Israel a first cargo of disputed crude oil from its new pipeline after weeks of seeking an outlet as Iraq's central government has threatened legal action against any buyer.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)

2014        Jun 21, The Israeli military arrested 10 Palestinians and said that some 1,350 sites in the West Bank had been searched so far and more than 330 Palestinians detained in response to three missing teenagers.
    (Reuters, 6/21/14)

2014        Jun 22, Israeli soldiers in Nablus fired at stone-throwing Palestinians overnight, killing Ahmad Famawi (26). In Ramallah, the Islamic Jihad militant group said one of its members was killed by Israeli gunfire. Israeli troops fatally shot Ahmed Saoud (27), a mentally ill Palestinian, as he approached them in the Al-Ein refugee camp. 
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)(SFC, 6/23/14, p.A4)
2014        Jun 22, Israeli tanks fired at Syrian army positions following an attack from inside Syria that killed Mohammed Qaraqara, a 13-year-old Israeli boy, on the occupied Golan Heights.
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)

2014        Jun 23, Israel's army said it has detained another 37 Palestinians overnight as it searched for three missing teenagers and extended a crackdown on the Hamas Islamist group it accuses of kidnapping them.
    (Reuters, 6/23/14)
2014        Jun 23, Israeli authorities announced the arrest of an alleged Hamas operative for involvement in the deadly shooting of an Israeli police officer in the West Bank over the Passover holiday in April.
    (AP, 6/23/14)
2014        Jun 23, The Syrian government said a series of Israeli airstrikes early today hit nine military targets, killed 4 people and wounded nine others.
    (AP, 6/23/14)(SFC, 6/23/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 24, The Paris Club of creditor nations announced Israel's induction, bringing the club's membership to 20 countries. It was created in 1956, and has worked out loan deals for 90 countries.
    (AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jun 25, Israeli troops searching for three teenagers it says were kidnapped a fortnight ago by Hamas militants, arrested 17 Palestinians in the West Bank overnight. The arrests included a Palestinian MP.
    (AFP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Israel dozens of Palestinian prisoners ended their 63-day-long hunger strike after reaching a deal with Israeli prison authorities.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, A rocket fired by Palestinian militants toward Israel exploded in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a 3-year-old Palestinian girl and wounding three other people.
    (AP, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 26, Israelís Shin Beit security services released the names of two Hamas militants it believes were involved in the kidnapping two weeks ago of three Israeli teenagers. Suspects Marwan Qawasmeh and Amar Abu Aisha were known to be missing since the day of the kidnapping.
    (SSFC, 6/29/14, p.A4)

2014        Jun 27, An Israeli air strike on a car in the Gaza Strip killed two Palestinians, hours after a bomb exploded near troops manning Israel's security fence.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, In Israel Eritrean and Sudanese migrants left the open Holot detention center, saying Israel has not processed their claims for asylum. They camped out by the border after Israel's army prevented them from crossing into Egypt.
    (AP, 6/29/14)

2014        Jun 29, Israelís PM Netanyahu called for the establishment of an independent Kurdistan.
    (SFC, 6/30/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 29, Israeli aircraft attacked at least six militant targets in the Gaza Strip, hours after rockets fired from the Palestinian territory set a factory in Israel on fire.
    (Reuters, 6/29/14)

2014        Jun 30, Israel's interior minister Gideon Saar (47) said he will no longer permit Tel Aviv supermarkets to stay open on the Jewish Sabbath, drawing a chorus of criticism from liberal Israelis who see the regulation as religious coercion against secular society.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Israeli military found the bodies of teenagers Eyal Yifrah (19), Gilad Shaar (16) and Naftali Fraenkel (16), under a pile of rocks north of Hebron. They were abducted on June 12 while hitchhiking home from the Jewish seminaries, where they were studying near the West Bank city of Hebron. Troops set off explosions in the family homes of the alleged abductors in Hebron.
    (AP, 7/1/14)(Reuters, 7/1/14)(SFC, 7/1/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 30, Israeli prosecutors indicted businessman Nochi Dankner for securities fraud. Last December he lost his grip on IDB Holding Corp. after a court approved a rescue plan that handed control to two rival entrepreneurs.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.54)
2014        Jun 30, Palestinian militants fired at least 14 rockets into southern Israel, damaging two homes but causing no injuries.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jul 1, Israeli aircraft struck 34 targets across Gaza overnight after more than 20 rockets were fired into Israel since late Jun 29 from the Palestinian territory. A Palestinian from the militant group Hamas was shot dead when he threw a grenade at forces carrying out an arrest raid in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/1/14)

2014        Jul 2, In East Jerusalem Mohammed Abu Khdeir (16) was approached by a car early today and forced inside before it sped off. His body was later found in a Jerusalem forest. President Mahmoud Abbas accused Israeli extremists of killing him. An autopsy showed that Khdeir was burned to death. On Nov 30, 2015, a Jerusalem court convicted two Israeli youths in the grisly killing. The court delayed the verdict for Ben David (31), the third and chief suspect in the killing. In 2016 a court sentenced two young Israelis, one for life and the other for 21 years, for the attack. Lawyers said Yosef Haim Ben-David suffers from a mental illness and was not responsible for his actions at the time. On April 19, 2016, Yosef Haim Ben David was convicted of murder.
    (AP, 7/2/14)(AP, 7/5/14)(AP, 11/30/15)(AP, 4/19/16)

2014        Jul 4, Israeli police clashed with Palestinian protesters in Jerusalem as thousands of people converged on a cemetery for the burial of Mohammed Abu Khdeir (16). Palestinians say he was killed by Israeli extremists in a suspected revenge attack. Palestinian militants fired at least six rockets and mortars at Israel, two of which exploded prematurely inside Gaza.
    (AP, 7/4/14)
2014        Jul 4, It was reported that Israeli inventor Dror Sharon has created a small scanner, the SciO, that can read the chemical makeup of foods, drugs and other items we use. His infrared spectrometer, the size of a thumb drive, was being marketed for applications in food, pharmaceuticals and horticulture.
    (SFC, 7/4/14, p.A3)

2014        Jul 5, Clashes between Israeli police and Palestinian protesters spread from Jerusalem to Arab towns in northern Israel following the funeral of an Arab teenager who Palestinians say was killed by Israeli extremists in a revenge attack. Militants fired 15 rockets and mortar rounds, two of which targeted the southern city of Beersheva some 40 km (25 miles) from the Palestinian territory.
    (AP, 7/5/14)(AP, 7/6/14)

2014        Jul 6, Israeli authorities announced the arrests of six Jewish suspects in the death of Palestinian teenager Muhammed Abu Khdeir, who was abducted and killed last week. Israel aircraft targeted 10 terror sites in the central and southern Gaza Strip, including concealed rocket launchers and a weapon manufacturing facility in response to rocket attacks.
    (AP, 7/6/14)(AFP, 7/6/14)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 7, An Israeli official said three suspects (ages 29,17,17) in the July 2 vigilante-style killing of Palestinian teenager Mohammed Abu Khdeir have confessed to the crime.
    (AP, 7/7/14)(Reuters, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 7, Militants in the Gaza Strip unleashed dozens of rockets on southern Israel late today, setting off air raid sirens and forcing hundreds of thousands of Israelis to stay indoors as the military rushed more forces to the border and warned that even heavier fighting looked likely. 8 Palestinian militants were killed in fighting, the highest death toll yet. Among the dead were 6 Hamas militants who Israel said were killed in an accidental blast in a tunnel packed with explosives.
    (Reuters, 7/7/14)(AP, 7/8/14)

2014        Jul 8, Israel launched Operation Protective Edge in response to rocket attacks by Hamas. Israeli warplanes pounded Gaza with more than 50 strikes early today after Hamas militants fired scores of rockets over the border. Palestinian officials said at least 10 people, including two children, were killed in the attacks from air and sea.
    (AFP, 7/8/14)(AP, 7/8/14)(Econ, 7/11/15, p.45)

2014        Jul 9, Israel stepped up its offensive ďOperation Protective Edge" on the Hamas-run Gaza Strip, pummeling scores of targets. Militants continued to fire rocket salvos deep into Israeli territory, and Israel mobilized thousands of forces along the Gaza border ahead of a possible ground operation. Palestinian officials said Israelís offensive has killed at least 38 people over the last two days. By August 1 some 17,000 homes were destroyed.
    (AP, 7/9/14)(Reuters, 7/9/14)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A4)(Econ, 7/11/15, p.45)

2014        Jul 10, Israel dramatically escalated its aerial assault targeting hundreds of Hamas sites in the Gaza Strip as Palestinians reported the strikes also hit a home and a beachside cafe, raising the total number of people killed in this week's offensive to at least 85 including 25 today.
    (AP, 7/10/14)(AFP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, Egypt opened its Rafah border crossing to Gaza to receive wounded Palestinians as Israel pounded the enclave with air strikes.
    (AFP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said it is more urgent than ever to avoid another Israeli-Palestinian war and is urging both leaders to show statesmanship and agree to an immediate cease-fire.
    (AP, 7/10/14)

2014        Jul 11, The Palestinian death toll from Israel's massive air campaign in Gaza topped 100 people as rockets fired by militants reached deeper into Israel.
    (AP, 7/11/14)

2014        Jul 12, Israel widened its air assault against the Gaza Strip's Hamas rulers. An Israeli warplane flattened the home of Gaza police chief Taysir al-Batsh and damaged a nearby mosque as evening prayers ended, killing at least 18 people. Todayís air strikes killed 22 as the death toll from the five-day offensive rose to 127.
    (AP, 7/12/14)(AFP, 7/12/14)(AP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 13, Israel briefly deployed ground troops inside the Gaza Strip for the first time as its military warned northern Gaza residents to evacuate their homes, part of a widening offensive that has killed more than 160 Palestinians.
    (AP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 14, The Israeli military said it downed a drone launched by Gaza militants, the first time it encountered an unmanned aircraft since the start of its offensive last week. New Israeli airstrikes pushed the death toll from Israeli airstrikes to at least 175. Fighting continued as two Israeli airstrikes struck the southern Gaza city of Khan Younis, killing 4 Palestinians. A 21-year-old Palestinian was killed during confrontations with Israeli soldiers in the West Bank village of Samoa.
    (AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, Rockets were fired at Israel from southern Lebanon, drawing retaliatory artillery fire from Israeli forces.
    (Reuters, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, Israel agreed to an Egyptian truce plan, proposed late today. Under it, a 12-hour period of de-escalation was to begin at mid-morning July 15. Once both sides agree to halt hostilities, they would negotiate the terms of a longer-term truce.
    (AP, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 15, Israeli warplanes struck three administrative and military targets in Syria's Golan at dawn, killing 2 security guards and 2 women. The air raids came after the Israeli army said a rocket fired from Syria hit the Israeli-occupied sector of the Golan Heights.
    (AFP, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 15, An Israeli civilian was killed by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, the first Israeli fatality in more than a week of fighting with Palestinian militants.
    (Reuters, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 15, An Egyptian truce proposal for the conflict in Gaza quickly unraveled, after the Islamic militant Hamas rejected the plan. Gaza militants fired scores of rockets at Israel and Israel responded with more than a dozen air strikes. Aid agencies warned that hundreds of thousands of Gazans were without water after air strikes wrecked the water and sewage system. The whole strip was threatened with a water crisis. Local officials in Gaza said the death toll had risen to 192.
    (AP, 7/15/14)(Reuters, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 16, Hundreds of Palestinian families, fled, as Israel intensified airstrikes on Hamas targets. 4 Palestinian children were killed and one was critically wounded on a Gaza beach by a shell fired by an Israeli naval gunboat. The Palestinian death toll in nine days of fighting rose to 207, with some 1,450 wounded. On the Israeli side, one man was killed and several people wounded since the fighting erupted on July 8.
    (AP, 7/16/14)(Reuters, 7/16/14)

2014        Jul 17, A Jerusalem court indicted a 29-year-old and two 16-year-olds in the death of Mohammed Abu Khdeir (16) whose charred body was found after he was reported kidnapped on July 2.
    (AP, 7/17/14)
2014        Jul 17, Israeli tank fire killed three people in southern Gaza  moments before a humanitarian truce began at 0700 GMT. The Israeli army said it had foiled a "major terror attack" by a group of 13 militants who managed to enter southern Israel by tunnel and were seen heading towards Sufa kibbutz near the fence. Palestinian militants fired a rocket at Israel just as a five-hour UN humanitarian cease-fire expired.
    (AFP, 7/17/14)(AP, 7/17/14)
2014        Jul 17, Israel launched a ground operation late today aimed at destroying tunnels and halting rocket fire by the enclave's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 17, Lebanon filed a complaint against Israel at the UN Security Council, saying it had violated its sovereignty by opening fire on its territory in retaliation for rocket attacks. The foreign ministry said Israel fired 102 shells at Lebanon between July 11 and 14.
    (AFP, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 18, The Israeli military announced its first casualty since the start of a ground operation in Gaza, where health officials said 19 Palestinians have been killed since the ground operation began a day earlier. The Israeli military said it killed 14 militants in different exchanges of fire. 267 Palestinians have been killed since the start of the fighting.
    (AP, 7/18/14)(AFP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas reached out for French help to lobby Hamas's regional allies to influence it into accepting a truce with Israel. France has asked Qatar, which has close links with Hamas, to use its influence with the Palestinian Islamist group to reach a ceasefire in the conflict in Gaza.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)(Reuters, 7/18/14)

2014        Jul 19, Israel pounded Hamas rocket launchers, uncovered more than a dozen cross-border tunnels and engaged in gunbattles with Palestinian militants on the second day of its open-ended ground operation in Gaza, as the Palestinian death toll there topped 310.
    (AP, 7/19/14)

2014        Jul 20, Israel widened its ground offensive, sending more troops into Gaza after demolishing more than a dozen Hamas tunnels and intensifying tank fire on border areas. The first major ground battle in two weeks exacted a steep price with 65 Palestinians and 13 Israeli soldiers killed and thousands of terrified Palestinian civilians forced to flee the Shijaiyah neighborhood of Gaza City. In all, at least 432 Palestinians have been killed and more than 3,000 wounded in the past two weeks. The overall death toll on the Israeli side rose to 20, including 18 soldiers. Doctors said a son, daughter-in-law and granddaughter of senior Hamas leader Khalil al-Haya were killed early today when their house was hit by a tank shell in Gaza City.
    (AP, 7/20/14)(AFP, 7/20/14)
2014        Jul 20, Israel and Hamas agreed to observe an immediate two-hour humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza's Shejaiya neighborhood, halting a blistering bombing campaign in the area. A building in southern Gaza was reportedly hit by an Israeli airstrike this evening, killing 25 members of the same family.
    (AFP, 7/20/14)(AP, 7/21/14)
2014        Jul 20, Palestinian Islamist militant group's armed wing reportedly seized Israeli soldier Shaul Alon in heavy fighting on the Gaza border. The next day Hamas spokesman Abu Ubaida displayed Alon's photo ID and serial number but showed no image of him in captivity.
    (Reuters, 7/21/14)

2014        Jul 21, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and US Secretary of State John Kerry headed to Cairo to try to end two weeks of Israel-Hamas fighting that has killed at least 508 Palestinians and 20 Israelis and displaced tens of thousands of Gaza residents.
    (AP, 7/21/14)
2014        Jul 21, Six Palestinians with German citizenship were among the people killed when an airstrike caused a Gaza high-rise apartment building to partially collapse. An Israeli shot dead Mahmud Shawamreh (21), a Palestinian who had been throwing stones at his car north of Jerusalem in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/22/14)(AFP, 7/21/14)

2014        Jul 22, Israel bombed five mosques, a sports stadium and the home of the late Hamas military chief in the Gaza Strip. An Israeli soldier was killed in fighting in southern Gaza, raising the number of Israeli troops confirmed dead to 27. Israelís military said Sgt. Oron Shaul is dead, but that his body is missing. He was among seven soldiers in a vehicle that was hit by an anti-tank missile in Gaza over the weekend. Hamas' claimed earlier this week that it had captured an Israeli soldier. The Gaza Health Ministry said at least 609 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza.
    (AP, 7/22/14)(AFP, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, A Hamas rocket exploded near Israel's main airport, prompting a ban on flights from the US and many from Europe and Canada as aviation authorities responded to the shock of seeing a civilian jetliner shot down over Ukraine. The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) banned flights to Tel Aviv for at least 24 hours.
    (AP, 7/22/14)

2014        Jul 23, Israeli forces pounded Gaza, meeting stiff resistance from Hamas Islamists and sending thousands of residents fleeing. US Secretary of State John Kerry said on a visit to Israel ceasefire talks had made some progress. Gaza's Health Ministry said 18 Palestinians were killed today, many of them in the southern town of Khan Younis.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 23, Air France and Germany's two largest airlines canceled more flights to Tel Aviv because of ongoing safety concerns amid the fighting between Israel and Hamas.
    (AP, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 23, Polish state airline LOT suspended its flights to Israel from Warsaw until July 28 because of concern for passengers' safety.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 23, Late today the US FAA lifted its ban on commercial flights to Tel Aviv.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 24, Shimon Peres ended his term as president of Israel and handed the ceremonial but high-profile presidency over to Reuven Rivlin, a legislator from the hawkish Likud Party.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, Fighting in the Gaza Strip pushed the Palestinian death toll to nearly 750 as Israeli tank fire and pre-dawn assaults killed 35 people. Israeli forces shelled a UN-run school sheltering Palestinians killing at least 15 more people. 10,000 demonstrators marched in solidarity with Gaza near the Palestinian administrative capital Ramallah. One was shot dead and 200 wounded when Israeli troops opened fire.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)(Reuters, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 24, Europe's aviation regulator said it will cancel its warning that recommends airlines do not fly to Israel, after the Federal Aviation Authority cleared US carriers to resume flights.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 25, Israeli aircraft struck 30 houses in the Gaza Strip early today, killing Salah Hassanein, a leader of the militant Islamic Jihad group, and two of his sons. Gaza officials said Israeli strikes killed 27 people. They put the number of Palestinian deaths in 18 days of conflict at 819, most of them civilians. US Secretary of State John Kerry pressed regional leaders to nail down a Gaza ceasefire. The dead also included 34 Israelis, among them 32 soldiers, and a Thai worker.
    (AP, 7/25/14)(Reuters, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 25, Eight Palestinians were killed in incidents near the West Bank cities of Nablus and Hebron. Both sides agreed to a 12-hour humanitarian ceasefire set to begin on Saturday morning.
    (AP, 7/25/14)(Reuters, 7/26/14)

2014        Jul 26, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip poured into the streets on to recover their dead and stock up on food supplies after a 12-hour humanitarian truce agreed by Israel and Hamas took hold on the 19th day of their conflict. Hospital officials said 85 bodies have been found after the guns fell silent at 8 a.m.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, Israeli troops shot dead two Palestinian teenagers in continuing West Bank protests over Israel's Gaza military campaign.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)

2014        Jul 27, Israelís cabinet voted to extend a truce until midnight at the request of the UN, but called it off when Hamas launched rockets into Israel during the morning. Palestinian medics said at least 10 people had died in the wave of subsequent strikes that swept Gaza. Fighting subsided in Gaza after Hamas Islamist militants said they backed a 24-hour humanitarian truce, but there was no sign of any comprehensive deal to end their conflict with Israel.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 27, The UN Security Council agreed on a statement calling for "an immediate and unconditional humanitarian cease-fire" in the Gaza war between Israel and Hamas.
    (AP, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 28, Israel eased its offensive in the Gaza Strip and Palestinian rocket fire from the enclave declined sharply in a 24 hour truce to mark the Muslim holiday of Eid. Palestinian cross-border attacks killed 10 Israeli soldiers. A rocket strike on Gaza's Shifa hospital killed 10 and injured scores. Israel said it was caused by Hamas misfire; Hamas said it was an Israeli air strike.
    (Reuters, 7/28/14)(Reuters, 7/29/14)

2014        Jul 29, Israel unleashed its heaviest air and artillery assault of the Gaza war, destroying key symbols of Hamas control, shutting down the territory's only power plant and leaving at least 128 Palestinians dead. Israel flattened the home of Hamas Gaza leader Ismail Haniye and pounded dozens of other high-profile targets in the enclave.
    (Reuters, 7/29/14)(AP, 7/30/14)

2014        Jul 30, Israeli shelling killed 111 Palestinians including 17 who died in a strike on a crowded market place and another 16-17 at the UN Jabalya Elementary girls school in Gaza's biggest refugee camp. An Israeli military spokeswoman said militants had fired mortar bombs from the vicinity of the school and troops shot back in response. 3 Israeli soldiers were killed by a booby trap detonated as they uncovered a tunnel shaft.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)(Reuters, 7/31/14)(SFC, 4/28/15, p.A3)

2014        Jul 31, Israel said it would not pull troops from Gaza until they finish destroying a network of cross-border tunnels, despite sharp United Nations criticism over the Palestinian civilian death toll.
    (AFP, 7/31/14)
2014        Jul 31, US Secretary of State John Kerry and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced a 72-hour truce in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the most ambitious attempt so far to end more than 3 weeks of fighting.
    (AP, 8/1/14)

2014        Aug 1, Israel declared a Gaza ceasefire over and killed more than 50 Palestinians in renewed shelling, saying militants had breached the truce shortly after it began. Some 150 people were killed and 220 wounded by Israeli shelling after militants attacked soldiers searching for tunnels near the southern town of Rafah killing 3 soldiers including 2nd Lieutenant Hadar Goldin (23), who was initially reported captured. Israeli forces killed 2 Palestinians in clashes in the occupied West Bank.
    (Reuters, 8/1/14)(Reuters, 8/2/14)(AP, 8/3/14)(Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 1, Egypt told the Islamic Jihad it is delaying talks on a long-term Gaza ceasefire after Israel revealed one of its soldiers may have been captured.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)

2014        Aug 2, Israel signaled it was winding down the 25-day-old Gaza war unilaterally, saying it would not attend Egyptian-hosted negotiations for a new truce and giving Palestinians who had fled fighting in one northern town the all-clear to return. Gaza's mostly civilian death toll rose to 1,669. Israel said its Iron Dome interceptor shot down rockets launched at the cities of Tel Aviv and Beersheba.
    (Reuters, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said an Egyptian truce plan provides a "real chance" to end the Gaza conflict, stressing the need for its speedy implementation.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)

2014        Aug 3, An Israeli air strike killed 10 people and wounded about 30 others in a UN-run school in the southern Gaza Strip. Earlier today Israeli shelling killed at least 30 people in Gaza. The Israeli army said that more than 55 rockets had been fired today from Gaza at Israel. The fighting pushed the Gaza death toll given by Palestinian officials to 1,770, most of them civilians. Israel has confirmed that 64 soldiers have died in combat, while Palestinian rockets have also killed 3 civilians in Israel.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 4, In a predawn air strike, Israel killed Danyal Mansour, a senior commander of Islamic Jihad, a Palestinian group fighting alongside Hamas, just hours ahead of a seven-hour truce announced by Israel. 10 Palestinians were reported killed in Israeli strikes throughout the Gaza Strip. Palestinians and Israel accused each other of breaking a seven-hour ceasefire intended to allow humanitarian aid into the battered Gaza Strip soon after it came into force. A Palestinian killed an Israeli and overturned a bus with a construction vehicle and a gunman wounded a soldier in attacks in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 8/4/14)(Reuters, 8/4/14)(AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Palestinian groups including envoys of Hamas and Islamic Jihad held their first formal meeting in Cairo with Egyptian mediators hoping to secure a durable ceasefire with Israel after more than three weeks of fighting. Israel declined to send its envoys.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)

2014        Aug 5, Israel pulled its ground forces out of the Gaza Strip and started a 72-hour ceasefire with Hamas mediated by Egypt as a first step towards negotiations on a more enduring end to the month-old war. Israel sent officials to join talks in Cairo to cement a longer-term deal during the course of the truce. Gaza officials say the war has killed 1,867 Palestinians, most of them civilians. Israel says 64 of its soldiers and three civilians have been killed since fighting. Some 19,000 homes in Gaza were destroyed and by May of 2015 none had been rebuilt.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.47)

2014        Aug 6, A Gaza truce was holding as Egyptian mediators pursued talks with Israeli and Palestinian representatives on an enduring end to a war that has devastated the Hamas Islamist- dominated enclave.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 7, An oil company owned by Israeli billionaire Dan Gertler said it had discovered reserves of around 3 billion barrels in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (Reuters, 8/7/14)

2014        Aug 8, Israeli warplanes struck targets in retaliation for dozens of Palestinian cross-border rocket attacks. A 10-year-old boy was killed and 11 people wounded in the airstrikes. The Israeli delegation in Cairo returned to Israel. Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian teenager amid widespread protest across the West Bank against the Israeli military campaign in the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)
2014        Aug 8, In Jordan tens of thousands celebrated the "Gaza victory" in the war against Israel, at a rally organized by the Islamist opposition as hostilities between Israel and Palestinian militants resumed.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 8, Islamist militants holding 19 Lebanese soldiers seized during an incursion into Lebanon said they had demanded the release of Islamist prisoners in exchange for letting their captives go.
    (Reuters, 8/8/14)

2014        Aug 9, Israeli warplanes kept up a punishing campaign of air strikes over Gaza, killing 5 Palestinians as militants fired rockets into Israel and ceasefire talks in Cairo stalled.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In NYC a sea of Palestinians and their sympathizers lined Manhattan streets, marching to the UN and shouting that Israel's response to missile attacks was genocide that took children's lives.
    (AP, 8/9/14)

2014        Aug 10, Israel said it would not return to Egyptian-mediated ceasefire talks as long as Palestinian militants in Gaza kept up cross-border rocket and mortar fire. Israeli air strikes and shelling killed 3 Palestinians in Gaza, including a boy of 14 and a woman.
    (AP, 8/10/14)
2014        Aug 10, Under Egyptian auspices a fresh 72-hour ceasefire, effective as of midnight, was announced between Israel and Hamas.
    (AFP, 8/10/14)

2014        Aug 11, Palestinian militant Zacharia Akra (24) was shot dead early today in an exchange of fire with Israeli troops in the northern West Bank.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 13, Israeli ordnance exploded in Gaza, killing 5 people including Italian journalist Simone Camilli and his Palestinian translator Ali Shehda Abu Afash, as bomb experts tried to disable a missile on the last day of a 72-hour truce. Israel and Hamas agreed to extend a temporary cease-fire for five days.
    (AFP, 8/13/14)(SFC, 8/14/14, p.A6)

2014        Aug 14, Israel and militants in Gaza held their fire after a new truce got off to a shaky start, with night-time Palestinian rocket fire followed by Israeli air strikes.
    (AFP, 8/14/14)

2014        Aug 18, Israeli troops demolished the homes of Hussam Kawasme and Amar Abu Aysha, suspected of the abduction and killing of three Israeli teenagers in the occupied West Bank in June. Kawasme, a 40-year-old resident of the West Bank city of Hebron, was arrested on July 11, but the other two suspects remained at large.
    (Reuters, 8/18/14)
2014        Aug 18, In Cairo Israeli and Palestinian negotiators agreed to a 24-hour ceasefire late today.
    (AP, 8/19/14)

2014        Aug 19, A ceasefire in the Gaza Strip collapsed, with Palestinian militants firing dozens of rockets at Israel. Israel launched at least four air strikes across Gaza and ordered its negotiating team back from truce talks in Cairo after three rockets hit the country's south. One of the Israeli air strikes killed the wife, Widad (27), and child, seven-month-old son Ali, of Hamas military leader Mohammed Deif. Rescue workers the next day pulled the bodies of a woman (48) and a boy (14) from the rubble.
    (Reuters, 8/19/14)(AFP, 8/20/14)

2014        Aug 20, Israeli warplanes continued to pound Gaza. News bloodshed pushed the Palestinian death toll to more than 2,030 since July 8 with 67 people killed on the Israeli side. Hamas said it fired two rockets at an Israeli gas installation about 30 km (19 miles) off the coast of Gaza.
    (AFP, 8/20/14)(Reuters, 8/20/14)

2014        Aug 21, An Israeli air strike in the Gaza Strip killed 3 senior Hamas commanders (Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al-Attar and Mohammed Barhoum). Palestinian health officials said 26 Palestinians, including 3 children, the Hamas commanders and at least 2 other militants, were killed in Israeli airstrikes.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)

2014        Aug 22, In Israel Aharon Sofer (23) of Lakewood, New Jersey, disappeared after hiking with a friend in a hilly, forested area on the outskirts of Jerusalem. On Aug 28 Israeli police said they have found Soferís body near the area where he disappeared and that no criminal motive was suspected.
    (AP, 8/28/14)(Reuters, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 22, Hamas executed 18 Palestinian men it had suspected of collaborating with Israel. A four-year-old Israeli boy was killed by a mortar attack from Gaza.
    (AP, 8/22/14)(Reuters, 8/23/14)

2014        Aug 23, Egypt called on Israel and the Palestinians to halt fire and resume peace talks, but violence continued unabated with Israeli air strikes in the Gaza Strip and Hamas militants firing rockets at the Jewish state. The Israeli military said Palestinian gunmen had fired almost 500 rockets at Israel since the talks broke down and Gaza health officials said 65 Palestinians had been killed in Israeli air strikes since then. Israel took the Gaza war to a new level by flattening a 13-storey apartment tower.
    (Reuters, 8/23/14)(Reuters, 8/24/14)
2014        Aug 23, A rocket fired from Lebanese territory hit the Upper Galilee in northern Israel on the 47th day of a war against the Islamist movement Hamas in and around Gaza.
    (AFP, 8/23/14)

2014        Aug 24, Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu warned Palestinian civilians to leave immediately any site where militants are operating. An Israeli strike on a car killed Mohammed al-Ghoul, described by the Israeli military as a Hamas official responsible for "terror fund transactions." In another attack, a mother and her three children were killed when their home was bombed in Jabalya refugee camp.
    (Reuters, 8/24/14)
2014        Aug 24, Iran's elite Revolutionary Guard said it has brought down an Israeli stealth drone above the Natanz uranium enrichment site.
    (AFP, 8/24/14)

2014        Aug 25, The Monetary Committee of the Bank of Israel cut its main interest rate from .5% to .25%, the lowest on record.
    (Econ, 8/30/14, p.65)
2014        Aug 25, Egypt proposed a new ceasefire that would open key crossings into Gaza where violence reverberated with at least 8 Palestinians killed in Israeli air strikes.
    (AFP, 8/25/14)

2014        Aug 26, Palestinian officials said a Gaza ceasefire deal with Israel has been reached under Egyptian mediation and a formal announcement of an agreement was imminent. Israel bombed more of Gaza's tallest structures, bringing down a 13-storey apartment and office tower and destroying most of a 16-floor residential building. 6 Palestinians were killed in other Israeli strikes. Israel's military said 70 rockets were fired from Gaza and that one damaged a house in Ashkelon.
    (Reuters, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 27, In the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights a group of 44 UN peacekeepers from Fiji were detained by militants fighting the Syrian army in the vicinity of Al Qunaytirah. 81 troops from the Philippines had their movements restricted.
    (Reuters, 8/28/14)(AFP, 8/30/14)

2014        Aug 31, Israel announced it will expropriate 400 hectares (988 acres) of Palestinian land in the occupied West Bank, angering the Palestinians and alarming Israeli peace campaigners.
    (AFP, 8/31/14)

2014        Sep 3, US giant Noble Energy said Israel is to supply Jordan with natural gas from its vast Leviathan offshore gas field over a period of 15 years in a deal valued at $15 billion.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 4, The Palestinian Authority said rebuilding Gaza will cost $7.8 billion. Fighting between Israel and the Islamist militant group Hamas in Gaza killed over 2,100 Palestinians, most of them civilians, along with 64 Israeli soldiers and 6 civilians.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.44)

2014        Sep 5, Israel said it published tenders for 283 new homes in the West Bank Elkana settlement, just days after announcing its biggest land grab on occupied Palestinian territory for three decades.
    (AP, 9/5/14)
2014        Sep 5, A member of Lebanon's Hezbollah was killed when an Israeli listening device exploded in the south of the country.
    (AFP, 9/6/14)

2014        Sep 7, Scores of Palestinians rioted in East Jerusalem after hearing that a youth from their neighborhood had died of wounds suffered in a clash with Israeli police last week. Mohammed Sinokrot (16) succumbed to a head wound suffered during a protest a week ago but the circumstances of how he sustained the wound were in dispute.
    (Reuters, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, Avraham Mengistu, an Israeli of Ethiopian descent in his late 20s, disappeared after he "independently" crossed the border fence into the Gaza Strip. On July 9, 2015, Israeli authorities announced that Mengistu was being held by Hamas. Authorities said another Israeli citizen was also being held in Gaza.
    (AP, 7/9/15)

2014        Sep 8, In Israel Goel Ratzon (64) was convicted of sex crimes and financial fraud, but was acquitted on charges of enslavement. Prior to his 2010 arrest he had 21 wives and more than 40 children.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, p.A4)

2014        Sep 9, The Israeli navy arrested four Palestinian fishermen and seized their boat. The Israeli military said the two vessels involved were operating outside of their permitted maritime limit.
    (AP, 9/9/14)

2014        Sep 14, In Israel scores of veterans of elite intelligence unit 8200 rallied to its defense after 43 comrades said they would no longer take part in its "injustices" against millions of Palestinians.
    (AFP, 9/14/14)

2014        Sep 16, Israeli police said they have arrested 22 Palestinians in annexed Arab east Jerusalem overnight on suspicion of throwing stones and petrol bombs, as three months of protests showed no let-up.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)

2014        Sep 17, Israel's Justice Ministry said Rabbi Yoshiyahu Yosef Pinto, a multimillionaire celebrity rabbi with a following in the United States, has accepted a plea bargain in which he admits to attempting to bribe a senior police official, and could now face a one-year prison sentence.
    (AP, 9/17/14)

2014        Sep 21, In Israel Michael Harari (b.1927), a former top spy in the shadowy Mossad intelligence agency, died in Tel Aviv. After retiring from Mossad in the 1980s Harari became an aide to Panamaís dictator Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega.
    (AFP, 9/22/14)(SFC, 9/29/14, p.C3)

2014        Sep 23, Israel downed a Syrian warplane over the Golan Heights in the first such incident in three decades and warned it would respond "forcefully" if its security is threatened.
    (AFP, 9/23/14)
2014        Sep 23, Israeli special forces stormed a West Bank hideout and killed Marwan Qawasmeh (29) and Amer Abu Aisheh (33), the two Palestinians suspected in the June abduction and slaying of three Israeli teenagers.
    (AP, 9/23/14)(SFC, 9/24/14, p.A3)
2014        Sep 23, Egyptian-mediated talks resumed in Cairo between Israel and the Palestinians on cementing a ceasefire in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 9/23/14)

2014        Sep 24, In Israel clashes broke out at Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque compound as Palestinians protested against Jews visiting the flashpoint holy site on the eve of Jewish New Year.
    (AFP, 9/24/14)

2014        Oct 5, Hundreds of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip prayed at Jerusalem's most important mosque, the first time Israel has allowed such visits from the coastal enclave since the Hamas militant group overran the area in 2007.
    (AP, 10/5/14)

2014        Oct 13, UN Sec.-Gen. Ban Ki-moon called on Israel to scrap plans to expand settlements in East Jerusalem, which Palestinians want as the capital of a future state, and urged both sides to return to peace talks.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)

2014        Oct 14, Israel opened the border to the first post-war truckloads of rebuilding material for Gaza.
    (Reuters, 10/14/14)

2014        Oct 20, In Israel Abdullah Abu Rahma, who spent 15 months behind bars for organizing weekly demonstrations against Israel's separation barrier in the village of Bilin, was convicted at Ofer military court near the West Bank city of Ramallah for "interfering" with the work of a soldier.
    (AFP, 10/21/14)
2014        Oct 20, Palestinians hurled Molotov cocktails at an apartment building in a flashpoint east Jerusalem neighborhood just hours after it was taken over by Jewish settlers.
    (AFP, 10/21/14)

2014        Oct 22, A Palestinian motorist with a history of anti-Israel violence slammed his car into a crowded train station in Jerusalem, killing a three-month-old baby girl and wounding eight people. The driver got out of the car and tried to flee before he was shot by a police officer.
    (AP, 10/23/14)

2014        Oct 24, Israeli troops shot dead Orwa Hammad (17), a Palestinian teenager and US citizen. The army said the youth had been about to hurl a petrol bomb at Israeli motorists near the West Bank city of Ramallah.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 27, An official said Israel has given the go-ahead for plans to build over 1,000 new Jewish settler homes in annexed east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 10/27/14)

2014        Oct 28, Israeli defense sources said Israel plans to buy a second batch of Lockheed Martin's F-35 stealth fighter jets, bringing the total number it has on order to about 44.
    (Reuters, 10/28/14)
2014        Oct 28, Polish President Bronislaw Komorowski and Israeli President Reuven Rivli joined Holocaust survivors for a ceremony to open a multimedia museum that tells the 1,000-year history of Jewish life in Poland. The POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews opened in 2013 and is located at the site that once was the center of the Warsaw Ghetto.
    (AP, 10/28/14)(Econ, 4/9/15, p.55)

2014        Oct 29, In Israel a gunman on a motorcycle shot and seriously wounded American-born activist Yehuda Glick (48) outside a conference promoting greater Jewish access to Jerusalemís Temple Mount.
    (AP, 10/30/14)

2014        Oct 30, Israeli police raid killed Muataz Hijazi (32) in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Abu Tor. Israel said the Palestinian was behind the attempt to gun down hardline activist Yehuda Glick, who has lobbied for Jewish prayer rights at the Al-Aqsa compound.
    (AFP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, Swedenís PM Stefan Lofven ignored Israeli protests and announced his countryís formal recognition of a Palestinian state, becoming the first EU member in western Europe to do so.
    (AFP, 10/30/14)(SFC, 10/31/14, p.A2)

2014        Oct 31, In southern Israel rocket fired from Gaza hit the Eshkol area. Israel soon closed two border crossings with Gaza in response.
    (AFP, 11/2/14)

2014        Nov 3, Israel approved plans for some 500 new settler homes in occupied east Jerusalem. Israeli police arrested at least 23 Palestinians in east Jerusalem overnight and today, in the latest crackdown after months of violent clashes in the city.
    (AFP, 11/3/14)
2014        Nov 3, Israel's parliament passed a law aimed at limiting the practice employed in the past of releasing Palestinians convicted of killing Israelis to promote peace efforts.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)

2014        Nov 4, Israeli forces demolished two Palestinian homes in an East Jerusalem neighborhood saying they had been built without construction permits. The homes were at the heart of clashes between Israeli police and Palestinian protesters.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)

2014        Nov 5, A Palestinian rammed his car into pedestrians in central Jerusalem in the second attack of its kind in two weeks, killing a police officer and seriously wounding 13 others. The driver, shot dead by police, was identified as Ibrahim Akari from East Jerusalem. Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 11/5/14)(SSFC, 11/9/14, p.A4)
2014        Nov 5, In Israel Hamam Masalmeh (23) a Palestinian from Beit Awwa in the southern West Bank, hit three soldiers with his vehicle outside Al-Arub camp. Masalmeh turned himself in the next day and claimed he had lost control of his car.
    (AFP, 11/6/14)

2014        Nov 6, Israel allowed Palestinian farmers to ship produce from the blockaded Gaza Strip to the occupied West Bank, via Israeli territory, for the first time since 2007.
    (Reuters, 11/6/14)

2014        Nov 7, Israeli security forces fought with Palestinian protesters in East Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank over access to Jerusalem's holiest site. Around 15 small explosions targeted the homes and vehicles of Fatah officials in Gaza, causing minor damage but no injuries.
    (Reuters, 11/7/14)
2014        Nov 7, In Jordan several thousand protesters took to the streets, calling on the government to scrap its peace deal with Israel following escalating violence at the al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem.
    (Reuters, 11/7/14)
2014        Nov 7, Hamas announced the creation of a "popular army" in the Gaza Strip, saying it was ready for any future conflict with Israel, particularly over the flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound.
    (AFP, 11/7/14)

2014        Nov 8, Israeli police opened fire in the Arab village of Kfar Kana against a knife-wielding man attempting to stab policemen. Unknown-sourced footage later appeared to portray a different story. The grainy security camera material showed a man repeatedly banging on the window of a police vehicle. When officers emerged to confront him, he began to backpedal and was then shot. The shooting sparked large protests.
    (AP, 11/8/14)

2014        Nov 9, In Syria 5 nuclear scientists were killed in a machine gun ambush outside Damascus. One of the men was an Iranian nuclear technician. Syrian rebels working for Israel were blamed.
    (SFC, 11/11/14, p.A4)

2014        Nov 10, A young Israeli woman, Dalia Lemkus (26) was killed and two other people were wounded when a Palestinian stabbed them outside a West Bank settlement. Hours earlier a Palestinian fatally stabbed a soldier at a Tel Aviv train station. A suspect was arrested. On March 26 a court sentenced Maher al-Hashlamoun, a member of Islamic Jihad from the occupied West Bank city of Hebron, after previously convicting him of murdering Lemkus.
    (Reuters, 11/10/14)(AFP, 11/10/14)(Reuters, 11/11/14)(AP, 3/27/15)
2014        Nov 10, Two Gaza fishermen were wounded and four missing after the Israeli navy fired on two boats off the coast.
    (AFP, 11/10/14)

2014        Nov 11, Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian during clashes in the occupied West Bank.
    (Reuters, 11/11/14)

2014        Nov 12, Israeli authorities gave preliminary approval for construction of 200 new homes in a Jewish area of east Jerusalem, which the Palestinians claim as their capital.
    (AP, 11/12/14)

2014        Nov 17, Palestinian bus driver Youssef al-Ramouni (32) was found hanged in his vehicle in Jerusalem, an incident that led to stone-throwing protests by Palestinians suspecting foul play but which Israeli police, citing autopsy results, termed a suicide.
    (Reuters, 11/17/14)

2014        Nov 18, Two Palestinians armed with a meat cleaver and a gun killed 4 worshippers in a Jerusalem synagogue before being shot dead by police. Hours later a police officer died of his wounds. PM Netanyahu ordered authorities to destroy the homes of the attackers.
    (Reuters, 11/18/14)(AP, 11/18/14)(SFC, 11/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Nov 19, Israelís Jerusalem municipality said it approved the construction of 78 new homes for Jewish settlers in two neighborhoods of occupied Arab east Jerusalem. The east Jerusalem home of a Palestinian Abdel-Rahman al-Shalloudi, who carried out a deadly attack On Oct 22, was demolished.
    (AFP, 11/19/14)(AP, 11/19/14)(Econ, 11/22/14, p.41)

2014        Nov 23, Israel's Cabinet approved a contentious bill that officially defines Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people. The bill would delist Arabic as an official language. On Nov 24 presentation of the bill before the Knesset was delayed.
    (AP, 11/23/14)(SFC, 11/25/14, p.A4)
2014        Nov 23, Israeli forces shot dead a Palestinian in the Gaza Strip near the border. Fadel Mohammed Halawa (32) was killed in the incident, east of Jabalya refugee camp. A relative said he had been searching for song birds, which nest in trees near the Israeli border and command high prices in Gaza markets.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)

2014        Nov 27, Israel's Shin Bet security service said it had uncovered a vast Hamas network in the West Bank that was planning large-scale attacks against Israelis in Jerusalem. Shin Bet said it has arrested more than 30 Hamas militants who planned to kidnap Israelis and carry out attacks against Jerusalem's light rail and its largest soccer stadium, among other targets.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 28, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman proposed that Arab citizens of Israel be offered financial incentives to leave the country and relocate to a future Palestinian state. An Italian man marching in support of Palestinians in the northern West Bank was shot and seriously wounded by Israeli forces.
    (Reuters, 11/28/14)(AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Nov 29, In Israel a classroom at the Hand in Hand school in Jerusalem was torched and "Death to Arabs" daubed on a wall in the yard. On July 22, 2015, Shlomo (21) and Nahman Twito (19) were sentenced to 2 years and 2 and 1/2 years in prison respectively for the overnight.
    (Reuters, 7/22/15)

2014        Nov, Israeli forces detained three Islamic State-inspired militants in the occupied West Bank, the first known Palestinian cell linked to the Syria- and Iraq-based insurgent group.
    (Reuters, 1/4/15)

2014        Dec 2, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu fired Finance Minister Yair Lapid and Justice Minister Tzipi Livni.
    (SSFC, 12/7/14, p.A2)

2014        Dec 3, A Palestinian (16) stabbed two Israelis in a supermarket in the West Bank before a private security guard shot him. The guard shot the attacker in the legs and police later arrested him.
    (AP, 12/3/14)

2014        Dec 7, Israel's military said has opened 8 new illicit investigations into its Gaza conflict operations, including cases involving the fatalities of thirty Palestinians.
    (Reuters, 12/7/14)
2014        Dec 7, Israeli warplanes struck near Damascus' international airport, as well as outside a town close to the Lebanese border.
    (AP, 12/8/14)

2014        Dec 8, An Israeli court indicted Adam Everett Livix (30), an American Christian, for plotting to blow up Muslim holy sites in Jerusalem. He was charged with illegal weapon possession and overstaying his visa by more than a year.
    (AP, 12/9/14)(SFC, 12/10/14, p.A6)

2014        Dec 10, Israeli ecologists said it could take years to clean up a massive oil spill that flooded the Evrona desert reserve with up to five million liters of crude and threatened to spread to the Red Sea shore and neighboring Jordan. The breached pipeline started spewing oil a week ago.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, Palestinian minister Ziad Abu Ein (55) died shortly after an altercation with Israeli border police in the West Bank during which one of the policeman grabbed him by the neck. The Palestinians were attempting to plant olive trees on land they claimed as theirs. Abu Ein, who was convicted of killing two young Israelis in a bomb attack in 1979 and released as part of a prisoner swap in 1985, was a vocal opponent of Israel's settlement building in the West Bank.
    (Reuters, 12/10/14)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.51)

2014        Dec 12, In Israel some 100 Palestinians demonstrated outside the Ofer military prison near Ramallah. Troops shot live bullets at their legs, wounding 10. In Hebron youths clashed with soldiers and were also shot in the legs. A Palestinian described as mentally unstable threw acid at a family of Israelis who gave him a ride in the West Bank before being shot and wounded.
    (AFP, 12/12/14)

2014        Dec 16, In Israel ten members of Lehava, a far-right Jewish organization, were arrested on suspicion of incitement and calls for acts of violence motivated by racism.
    (SFC, 12/17/14, p.A8)
2014        Dec 16, Israel's upgraded ballistic missile shield failed its first live interception test, a fresh setback for the US-supported system billed as a bulwark against Iran.
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, Israeli soldiers shot and killed Palestinian Mahmoud Abdalla (20) as violence erupted during an arrest operation in the West Bank. Palestinians in the refugee camp of Qalandiya reportedly threw explosive charges and opened fire at soldiers during the operation.
    (AP, 12/16/14)

2014        Dec 17, In Geneva the international community delivered a stinging rebuke to Israel's settlement construction in the West Bank and east Jerusalem, saying the practice violates its responsibilities as an occupying power in a declaration adopted by consensus among 126 of the 196 parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention.
    (AP, 12/17/14)

2014        Dec 19, A rocket fired from Gaza hit southern Israel. It fell on open ground without causing casualties or damage.
    (AFP, 12/19/14)
2014        Dec 19, Israel was asked by the UN General Assembly to compensate Lebanon for $856.4 million in oil spill damages it caused during its 2006 war with Hezbollah. The US, Australia, Canada and Israel were among the six states that voted against the UN text.
    (AFP, 12/20/14)
2014        Dec 19, President Barack Obama signed a bill deepening US-Israeli cooperation. The US-Israel Strategic Partnership Act increases the value of emergency US weaponry kept in Israel by $200 million, to a total of $1.8 billion.
    (AP, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 20, Israel's military struck a Hamas site in the Gaza Strip in its first airstrike on the Palestinian territory since this summer's war. This was in response to a rocket fired from Gaza into southern Israel a day earlier.
    (AP, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 21, Israel police rounded up eight Jewish extremists from a racist anti-Arab organization overnight, in the second such swoop targeting the group within a week.
    (AFP, 12/21/14)
2014        Dec 21, A Syrian military source announced that an Israeli unmanned Skylark-1 model drone has been shot down in Quneitra province, close to the village of Hader" near the Golan Heights.
    (AFP, 12/22/14)

2014        Dec 23, An Israeli official says the government is pumping millions of dollars into Jewish settlements in the West Bank for public buildings and roads ahead of national elections.
    (AP, 12/23/14)

2014        Dec 24, Israel launched an air strike in southern Gaza and killed a Hamas militant after a sniper attack on a patrol seriously wounded a soldier.
    (AFP, 12/24/14)
2014        Dec 24, Israeli police said they have detained more than 30 serving and former public officials in an investigation into alleged corruption linked to a party in Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's ruling coalition.
    (Reuters, 12/24/14)
2014        Dec 24, Israeli authorities gave final approval to the construction of 380 new settler homes in two areas of annexed east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 12/24/14)

2014        Dec 25, Israelís supreme court said the hilltop outpost of Amona, one of the oldest and most contentious Jewish settlement outposts in the West Bank, must be evacuated within two years.
    (AP, 12/26/14)
2014        Dec 25, Officials said Israel has given preliminary approval for the construction of 243 new homes on West Bank land that Israel annexed to Jerusalem, and advanced plans for another 270 homes in the same area.
    (Reuters, 12/25/14)

2014        Dec 26, A Palestinian man stabbed and lightly wounded two Israeli paramilitary border policemen at the entrance to Jerusalem's Old City.
    (AP, 12/26/14)

2014        Dec 28, Hamas authorities in the Gaza Strip prevented a group of Palestinian children who lost parents in the July-August war with Israel from making a rare goodwill visit to the Jewish state.
    (Reuters, 12/28/14)

2014        Dec 29, Israeli military forces shot and killed a Palestinian who was throwing stones at drivers in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/29/14)

2014        Dec 31, Israeli police arrested Palestinian girl Malak al-Khatib (14) on her way home from school. A military court sentenced her in late January to two months as part of a plea bargain in which she admitted to picking up a stone to throw at Israeli cars. On Feb 14 she insisted after serving a 45-day sentence that she had been unjustly imprisoned, saying she was forced to sign a paper in Hebrew, which she does not understand.
    (AP, 2/14/15)

2014        Patrick Bishop authored ďThe Reckoning: Death and Intrigue in the Promised Land."
    (Econ, 5/3/14, p.74)
2014        Ahron  Bregman authored ďCursed Victory: A History of Israel and the Occupied Territories."
    (Econ, 7/12/14, p.74)
2014        Canada-based historian Jan Grabowski was awarded the 2014 Yad Vashem International Book Prize for Holocaust Research for his book "Hunt for the Jews: Betrayal and Murder in German-Occupied Poland," which documents the involvement of Poles in finding and killing Jews during the German occupation of Poland during World War II.
    (AP, 6/20/17)
2014        Simon Schama authored ďThe Story of the Jews: Finding the Words, 1000BC-1492AD."
    (SSFC, 3/23/14, p.F3)
2014        Israel ended a 4-year project, code-named ďGreen Field," in which explosives laced with nuclear material were tested to see how such explosions would affect the country if it were attacked by crude radioactive weapons.
    (SFC, 6/9/15, p.A4)

2015        Jan 3, Israel said it will withhold critical tax revenue and seek ways to bring war crimes prosecutions against Palestinian leaders in retaliation for Palestinian moves to join the International Criminal Court (ICC).
    (Reuters, 1/3/15)

2015        Jan 6, An Israeli military court handed three life sentences to Palestinian militant Hossam Qawasme, convicted of organizing the June 12, 2014, kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers. Qawasme was also ordered to pay 250,000 shekels ($63,000/53,000 euros) in compensation to each of the three families at a hearing near Ramallah.
    (AFP, 1/6/15)
2015        Jan 6, The Israeli government said Qatar has expelled to Turkey Khaled Mashal, leader of the Hamas militant group. An aide to Mashal said the claim was wrong.
    (SFC, 1/7/15, p.A3)

2015        Jan 14, In Israel some half a million high school students stayed home in a strike against a decision to cancel annual field trips. Officials agreed to reinstate the activities.
    (SFC, 1/15/15, p.A2)

2015        Jan 15, Israelís Genesis Prize Foundation said that PM Benjamin Netanyahu will present its $1 million Genesis Prize at a Jerusalem ceremony this summer to actor, producer and peace activist Michael Douglas for his passion for his Jewish heritage and the Jewish state.
    (AP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 17, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe pledged $2.5 billion in humanitarian and development aid for the Middle East as he launched a regional tour that includes visits to Jordan and Israel.
    (AFP, 1/17/15)

2015        Jan 18, Israel laid charges against seven Arab Israelis over allegations they set up a militant cell linked to the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 1/18/15)
2015        Jan 18, An Israel air strike on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights killed Hezbollah military commander Mohammed Issa, responsible for Hezbollah's operations in Syria and Iraq, and Jihad Mughniyeh, the son of an assassinated commander from the group. 4 other members of Hezbollah were also killed. General Mohammad Ali Allahdadi was among 6 Iranians killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 1/18/15)(AP, 1/19/15)(AFP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 18, In Israel Sami al-Zayadna (47) died of a heart attack during clashes in which police fired tear gas. This was during the funeral of Sami al-Jaar (220, who died of a gunshot wound last week during a police drug raid on the Negev Bedouin town of Rahat.
    (AFP, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 18, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe flew into Tel Aviv at the start of a three-day official visit to Israel and the Palestinian territories.
    (AFP, 1/18/15)

2015        Jan 20, Leaders of Israel's 1.7 million Arabs declared a general strike throughout the country in protest at the recent deaths of two Bedouin men in confrontations with police.
    (AP, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 20, In Israel a knife-wielding Palestinian stabbed 11 morning commuters on and near a bus, striking in the heart of Tel Aviv and reigniting fears of continued violence ahead of Israeli elections in March. Police identified the attacker as Hamza Mohammed Matrouk (23) from the West Bank town of Tulkarem.
    (AP, 1/21/15)

2015        Jan 27, At least two rockets from Syria hit the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights and Israel returned fire.
    (Reuters, 1/27/15)

2015        Jan 28, In Israel missiles fired by the Lebanese Hezbollah group struck an Israeli military convoy, killing 2 soldiers in an apparent retaliation for a deadly airstrike attributed to Israel that killed 6 Hezbollah fighters in Syria earlier this month. Israeli warplanes struck Syrian army targets on the Golan Heights hours after rockets hit the Israeli-held sector. Cpl. Francisco Javier Soria Toledo, a Spanish UN peacekeeper, was accidentally killed by Israeli artillery. On April 8 Israel publicly admitted responsibility.
    (AP, 1/28/15)(AFP, 1/28/15)(AP, 4/7/15)

2015        Jan 30, Israel published bids for the building of 450 new housing units in West Bank settlements.
    (SFC, 1/31/15, p.A2)

2015        Jan, Israel's internal security service caught 11 alleged Hamas fighters in the occupied West Bank who planned attacks against Israelis. The group, from the city of Hebron, was arrested by Shin Bet agents and troops.
    (AP, 2/23/15)

2015        Feb 3, In southern Israel a crash involving a bus and a truck carrying two tractors killed 8 people and wounded at least 20.
    (AP, 2/3/15)

2015        Feb 8, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the government to demolish nine homes in the West Bank Jewish settlement of Ofra, which were built on private Palestinian land. Authorities have until 2017 to carry out the demolitions.
    (AFP, 2/9/15)

2015        Feb 18, Israel's Supreme Court has overturned last week's decision by the country's election committee that disqualified Arab lawmaker Hanin Zoabi and Baruch Marzel allowing them to run in next month's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 2/18/15)
2015        Feb 18, Israel unveiled some 2000 silver and gold coins, the largest collection ever found in the country. Amateur divers had found the coins, dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries, a few weeks earlier near the port city of Caesarea.
    (SFC, 2/19/15, p.A2)

2015        Feb 22, Israelís PM Benjamin Netanyahu said Iran is seeking to open a "third front" against Israel using Hezbollah fighters on the Syrian Golan Heights.
    (AFP, 2/22/15)
2015        Feb 22, Israel said it will purchase 14 additional next-generation F-35 fighter jets for approximately $3 billion.
    (AP, 2/22/15)

2015        Feb 24, In Israel Bethlehem Governor Jebren al-Bakri said Jihad al-Jafari (19) was shot and killed on the roof of his house in the Deheisha refugee camp as he was watching an Israeli raid below.
    (AP, 2/24/15)

2015        Feb 26, In Israel suspected Jewish extremists set fire to a Greek Orthodox seminary building in Jerusalem, 24 hours after a mosque was torched in the West Bank.
    (AFP, 2/26/15)

2015        Mar 2, Israel said it has busted an Israeli-Palestinian smuggling ring that funneled iron, electronic equipment and other prohibited materials to Gaza, bypassing Israel's stringent border security to help Hamas rebuild its militant infrastructure following last year's war.
    (AP, 3/2/15)

2015        Mar 3, Israeli PM Netanyahu said in a speech in the US Congress that Washington was negotiating a bad deal with Iran that could spark a "nuclear nightmare," drawing a rebuke from President Barack Obama and exposing a deepening US-Israeli rift.
    (Reuters, 3/4/15)

2015        Mar 4, Israel said it will double the amount of water provided to the Gaza Strip to relieve excessive use of groundwater.
    (SFC, 3/5/15, p.A2)

2015        Mar 5, Officials said Israel will start buying some fruit and vegetables from the Gaza Strip next week, a partial resumption of imports halted when the Islamist group Hamas took over the Palestinian territory in 2007.
    (Reuters, 3/5/15)
2015        Mar 5, Suspected Jewish extremists torched two cars and scrawled graffiti on a nearby wall in a West Bank village before dawn.
    (AFP, 3/5/15)

2015        Mar 6, In Israel a Palestinian assailant rammed his car into a group of Israeli pedestrians near a police station in east Jerusalem, injuring four officers and a bystander. He lunged at security guards with a knife before being shot and wounded.
    (AP, 3/6/15)

2015        Mar 7, The Israeli navy opened fire on boats off the coast of the Gaza Strip, killing one Palestinian fisherman after four vessels had strayed from a six nautical-mile fishing zone. The Israeli army opened fire after the boats did not heed calls to halt.
    (Reuters, 3/7/15)

2015        Mar 10, Israeli authorities demolished an EU-funded shelter in Arab east Jerusalem. The process was initiated by the Israel Nature and Parks Authority because the structures were in a national park within the jurisdiction of the Jerusalem municipality.
    (AFP, 3/10/15)
2015        Mar 10, In Israel a statue of a woman by a local artist in the West Bank settlement of Tekoa was smashed by unknown people.
    (SSFC, 3/15/15, p.A6)

2015        Mar 12, Palestinian farmers in Gaza exported produce to Israel for the first time since the Jewish state imposed its blockade on the territory in 2006.
    (AFP, 3/12/15)

2015        Mar 17, Israel held elections. PM Benjamin Netanyahu (65) faced an uphill battle to defeat a strong campaign by the center-left opposition to deny him a fourth term in office. Netanyahu's Likud had won 30 seats in the 120-member Knesset, comfortably defeating the center-left Zionist Union opposition on 24 seats.
    (Reuters, 3/17/15)(Reuters, 3/18/15)

2015        Mar 22, Dozens of Palestinians and foreign supporters protested in east Jerusalem's walled Old City against the threatened eviction of a Palestinian family to make way for Jewish settlers.
    (AFP, 3/22/15)

2015        Mar 27, Israel said it will transfer Palestinian tax revenues that were being withheld as punishment for a Palestinian application to join the Intíl. Criminal Court.
    (SFC, 3/28/15, p.A2)

2015        Mar 30, In Israel a Jerusalem court found Ehud Olmert (69), former premier (2006-2008), guilty of corruption in a retrial of allegations he received envelopes of cash from US businessman Morris Talansky while trade and industry minister in the early 2000s.
    (AFP, 3/30/15)

2015        Mar 30, An Israeli committee approved controversial plans for eventual construction of 2,200 Palestinian homes in occupied east Jerusalem, in the largest such project since 1967.
    (AFP, 4/1/15)

2015        Apr 1, Palestine formally joined the International Criminal Court, a move the Palestinians hope could open the door to the possible prosecution of Israelis for alleged war crimes.
    (AFP, 4/1/15)

2015        Apr 3, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu said he and his Cabinet are united in "strongly opposing" an emerging framework agreement on curbing Iran's nuclear program and demanded that any final deal contain Iranian recognition of Israel's right to exist.
    (AP, 4/3/15)

2015        Apr 5, Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas threatened to turn to the International Criminal Court over Israel's refusal to fully release hundreds of millions of dollars in tax monies owed the Palestinian Authority. He rejected an Israeli transfer of millions because of deductions for utility debts owed to Israel.
    (AFP, 4/5/15)(SFC, 4/6/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 8, A Palestinian stabbed two Israeli soldiers near the West Bank settlement of Shilo before he was killed by one of the soldiers.
    (AP, 4/8/15)

2015        Apr 10, Israeli troops shot dead Ziad Awad (30), a Palestinian man in the West Bank, when they opened fire to quell protests that erupted in Hebron after the burial of Jaafar Awad (23), a cousin recently released from Israeli jail.
    (AFP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 13, Human Rights Watch slammed the alleged abuse of Palestinian children working on Israeli settlement farms in the occupied West Bank in a 74-page report.
    (AFP, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 14, Israel began allowing Palestinian medical staff working in the country to enter from the West Bank with their own vehicles, a first in 15 years.
    (AFP, 4/14/15)

2015        Apr 15, The Israeli military arrested 29 Palestinians suspected of links to the militant Hamas group in an overnight raid near Nablus in the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/15/15)
2015        Apr 15, A Palestinian driver rammed his car into a Jerusalem bus stop. Shalom Yohai Cherki (26) died of his injuries the next morning. On April 27 Khaled Kutina (37) from east Jerusalem was charged with murdering Cherki and the attempted murder of Shira Klein (20).
    (AFP, 4/18/15)(AFP, 4/27/15)

2015        Apr 17, Protesters clashed with Israeli troops in the northern West Bank during annual demonstrations marking Palestinian Prisoners Day.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Private security researchers reported that hackers have managed to penetrate computer networks associated with the Israeli military in an espionage campaign that skillfully packages existing attack software with trick emails. Last month, Israeli security firm Check Point Software Technologies said it had found spying programs in 10 countries that probably originated with a governmental or political group in Lebanon that deployed them over three years.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)

2015        Apr 18, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said that he has reached an agreement with Israel in which essential tax revenues it collects for the Palestinians will be transferred following a four-month freeze.
    (AP, 4/18/15)

2015        Apr 19, The mayor of Haifa, Israel's third largest city, ordered the closure of five petrochemical plants following a health ministry warning linking high cancer rates to air pollution.
    (AFP, 4/19/15)

2015        Apr 20, In Israel a Jewish man in Herzliya stabbed and slightly wounded an Arab and then confessed that he did so because of the victim's ethnicity.
    (AP, 4/20/15)

2015        Apr 21, An Israeli court sentenced an Iranian-born Belgian to seven years in prison after convicting him of spying for Tehran posing as a businessman. Ali Mansouri (56) was arrested at Ben Gurion airport in 2013 as he attempted to leave the country carrying photographs of the US embassy in Tel Aviv and other sites.
    (AFP, 4/21/15)

2015        Apr 24, Israeli police shot dead a knife-wielding Palestinian who attempted to stab colleagues at an east Jerusalem checkpoint shortly before midnight. Palestinian activists in Jerusalem named the dead teenager as Ali al-Ghannam (17).
    (AFP, 4/25/15)
2015        Apr 24, An Israeli air striked hit a Syrian army missile base in the Qalamoun  mouintains near the Lebanese border.
    (Econ., 5/2/15, p.40)

2015        Apr 25, In Israel a Palestinian in Hebron attacked an Israeli police officer, stabbing him several times in his head and chest. The officer was evacuated to a hospital and was in stable condition. Other officers on the scene opened fire on the assailant and killed him.
    (AP, 4/26/15)

2015        Apr 26, Israelís military said it launched an airstrike on its border with Syria after spotting militants carrying a bomb in the Golan Heights. 4 men were reported killed.
    (SFC, 4/27/15, p.A4)(Econ., 5/2/15, p.40)

2015        Apr 28, Israel's Arab minority observed a general strike that was to climax with a rally in Tel Aviv to protest against a wave of demolitions of Arab homes.
    (AFP, 4/28/15)
2015        Apr 28, Palestinian Mohammed Yehya died at a hospital in the West Bank city of Nablus. He was shot in the abdomen the previous evening after hurling rocks at Israeli troops.
    (AP, 4/28/15)

2015        Apr 30, In Israel clashes broke out in Jerusalem as more than 1,000 angry Ethiopian Israelis staged a protest, demanding an investigation into alleged police racism and violence.
    (AFP, 5/1/15)

2015        May 3, In Israel several thousand people, mostly from the Jewish Ethiopian minority, protested in Tel Aviv against racism and police brutality.
    (AP, 5/3/15)

2015        May 4, Israeli security guards shot and wounded a Palestinian after he allegedly tried to stab people waiting at a light railway station in east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 5/4/15)

2015        May 6, Israel approved construction of 900 settler homes in annexed east Jerusalem as PM Benjamin Netanyahu pieced together a 5-party coalition government that will include the far-right Jewish Home, which strongly backs settlement building and opposes a Palestinian state. The coalition will hold a parliamentary majority of just a single seat.
    (AFP, 5/7/15)(Reuters, 5/7/15)

2015        May 12, Israel's Supreme Court rejected a petition by residents of the unrecognized Bedouin village of Umm al-Hiran against their removal and the demolition of the community Ė in order to construct a new town for Jewish residents in its place.

2015        May 19, Robert S. Wistrich (b.1945), Jewish scholar, died in Rome. His 29 books included ďAntisemitism: The Longest Hatred" (1991).
    (SFC, 5/29/15, p.D4)

2015        May 20, Two Israeli policewomen were injured in annexed east Jerusalem when they were hit by a car driven by a Palestinian who was then shot dead.
    (AFP, 5/20/15)

2015        May 24, In Israel a Palestinian man (19) stabbed two Israeli teenagers as they walked to a holy site on the Jewish Shavuot holiday. Officers apprehended the suspected attacker and the two boys were hospitalized.
    (AP, 5/24/15)

2015        May 25, Former Israeli PM Ehud Olmert (69) was sentenced to eight months in prison for unlawfully accepting money from a US supporter. Olmert also was given a suspended sentence of an additional eight months and fined $25,000.
    (AP, 5/25/15)

2015        Jun 4, Israeli warplanes struck multiple militant targets in the Gaza Strip early today in response to Palestinian rocket fire, but nobody was injured according to Palestinian security sources.
    (AFP, 6/4/15)
2015        Jun 4, Israel and Saudi Arabia admitted at a conference in America that they have held a series of meetings over shared interests.
    (Econ, 6/13/15, p.47)

2015        Jun 5, Hundreds of Israelis and Palestinians marched in support of a Susya, a West Bank village slated for demolition, a plan they said epitomizes the Israeli occupation. Israel's High Court ruled in May that Susya's 340 residents could be relocated and its structures demolished.
    (AFP, 6/5/15)

2015        Jun 7, Israeli warplanes struck Gaza early today for the second time in three days after cross-border rocket fire by an Islamic extremist group which is locked in a power struggle with Hamas.
    (AFP, 6/7/15)

2015        Jun 8, The US Supreme Court ruled that the American president rather than Congress has authority to decide policy on matters of sovereignty such as the US stance on the status of Jerusalem. The Supreme Court also struck down a disputed law that would have allowed Americans born in Jerusalem to list their birthplace as Israel on their US passports
    (AFP, 6/8/15)    (AP, 6/8/15)

2015        Jun 12, In Israel thousands of bare-chested muscular men, drag queens in heavy makeup and high heels, women in colorful balloon costumes and others partied at Tel Aviv's annual gay pride parade.
    (AP, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 14, An Israeli army jeep struck and killed a Palestinian in the occupied West Bank, with the military and locals giving conflicting accounts of the circumstances.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)
2015        Jun 14, Israel's cabinet approved a proposed law that would enable authorities to force-feed Palestinian prisoners who are on hunger strike, a practice opposed by the country's medical association.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)

2015        Jun 17, The Palestinian unity government resigned in a deepening rift with Gaza as the territory's de facto rulers Hamas held separate, indirect talks with Israel.
    (AFP, 6/17/15)

2015        Jun 18, In Israel an arson attack gutted part of a church at the traditional site of what Christianity reveres as Jesus's miracle of the feeding of the 5,000 on the shore of the Sea of Galilee.
    (Reuters, 6/18/15)

2015        Jun 19, A Palestinian opened fire on two Israeli men near a West Bank settlement, killing Danny Gonen (25) and wounding his friend. On July 15 Shin Bet said five Palestinians have been arrested in relation to the shooting and that the alleged shooter, Mohammed Abu Shaheen, belonged to an armed group linked to Fatah.
    (AFP, 6/19/15)(AP, 7/15/15)

2015        Jun 21, Israel carried out an air strike in eastern Lebanon targeting a drone belonging to the Jewish state that crashed in the area.
    (AFP, 6/21/15)
2015        Jun 21, A Palestinian stabbed and seriously wounded an Israeli border policeman outside Jerusalem's Old City, with the officer managing to shoot his attacker, leaving him in a very serious condition.
    (AFP, 6/21/15)

2015        Jun 22, Dozens of Druze residents of the annexed Golan Heights attacked a military ambulance carrying two injured Syrians, beating one to death on suspicion that they were Islamic militants. Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu pledged the next day to track down the Druze rioters responsible for the "lynching" of a wounded Syrian.
    (AP, 6/23/15)(AFP, 6/23/15)
2015        Jun 22, An independent UN commission released its report on Operation Protective Edge, finding evidence that both Israel and Hamas committed war crimes during the 2014 summer war in the Gaza Strip.
    (SSFC, 6/28/15, p.A4)

2015        Jun 24, The Israeli military carried out an airstrike on a rocket launching device in the Gaza Strip after it was used by militants to fire on Israel.
    (AP, 6/24/15)

2015        Jun 26, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man after he opened fire at soldiers at a military checkpoint in the West Bank.
    (AP, 6/26/15)
2015        Jun 26, The Vatican signed a treaty with the "State of Palestine," saying it hoped its legal recognition of the state would help stimulate peace with Israel. Israel expressed disappointment.
    (AP, 6/26/15)

2015        Jun 29, Israel and the Palestinians promised to investigate alleged war crimes committed by their forces during the 2014 Gaza war. A Palestinian woman stabbed a female Israeli soldier in the neck at a checkpoint between Jerusalem and Bethlehem.
    (Reuters, 6/29/15)(AFP, 6/29/15)
2015        Jun 29, Israel's navy intercepted a Swedish vessel attempting to breach a naval blockade of the Gaza Strip and redirected it to an Israeli port.
    (AP, 6/29/15)

2015        Jun 30, A shooting near a Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank wounded four Israelis, sparking a manhunt.
    (AFP, 6/30/15)

2015        Jul 1, Israel's internal security service said it has arrested 40 Hamas operatives working to expand the militant Islamic group's reach in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/1/15)

2015        Jul 3, Israeli commander Yisrael Shomer shot and killed a Palestinian teenager in the occupied West Bank as he and others hurled rocks at his SUV army vehicle. A video later showed Muhammad al-Kasbah (17) was shot as he fled the scene.
    (SFC, 7/4/15, p.A4)(SFC, 7/14/15, p.A5)

2015        Jul 11, An Israeli drone crashed in the northern Lebanese port city of Tripoli, in the second such incident in three weeks.
    (AFP, 7/11/15)

2015        Jul 12, Israel released Palestinian prisoner Khader Adnan (37). He had staged a 56-day hunger strike which brought him near death in a protest against the controversial procedure allowing detainees to be held indefinitely without charge.
    (AFP, 7/12/15)

2015        Jul 14, Israel's PM Netanyahu said his country is not bound by the international nuclear agreement with Iran, and that Israel reserves the right to defend itself.
    (AP, 7/14/15)

2015        Jul 20, Israelís attorney general ordered a criminal investigation into excessive spending at his residences by PM Netanyahu.
    (SFC, 7/22/15, p.A3)

2015        Jul 21, Khalil Hizran, a Swede of Palestinian descent, was arrested after flying into Tel Aviv, and confessed under interrogation to working for Hezbollah. On August 9 Hizran was indicted on three criminal counts.
    (Reuters, 8/9/15)

2015        Jul 22, In Israel Mohammed Ahmed Alauna (21), a Palestinian man, died after he was shot by Israeli troops during a clash near the town of Jenin.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Police and media reports said US and Israeli authorities have arrested four men in two separate fraud schemes and who are said to be linked to last year's massive hack of computers at JPMorgan Chase. Court documents in the stock scam say Joshua Samuel Aaron, Gery Shalon, and Ziv Orenstein gained millions of dollars in their operations to artificially pump up the prices of small stocks and cash in while other investors lost heavily. In the other case, Anthony Murgio and Yuri Lebedev allegedly used a front company and a licensed credit union to hide an operation to transfer large sums of money using the crypto-currency Bitcoin.
    (AP, 7/22/15)

2015        Jul 23, A Palestinian man, Falah Abu Maria, (53) was killed during a clash between Palestinians and Israeli troops in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/23/15)

2015        Jul 27, Israeli police said Palestinian Mohammed Abu Latifa (19), wanted on suspicion of planning a militant attack, fell to his death from a rooftop as he fled from police in the occupied West Bank. A witness said Latifa was shot dead and had not fallen off the roof.
    (Reuters, 7/27/15)
2015        Jul 27, Israel's Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. said it is purchasing Dublin-based Allergan PLC's generic pharmaceuticals business for $40.5 billion, in what Israeli analysts called the largest-ever acquisition by an Israeli company.
    (AP, 7/27/15)

2015        Jul 28, Lawyers for convicted spy Jonathan Pollard said the US has granted his parole and that he will be released in November. Pollard was arrested in 1985 for spying for Israel.
    (SFC, 7/29/15, p.A6)

2015        Jul 29, An Israeli air strike on a government-held village on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights ceasefire line killed five pro-regime forces. An Israeli drone attack in southern Syria killed at least three pro-government gunmen.
    (AFP, 7/29/15)(AP, 7/29/15)
2015        Jul 29, Israel gave final approval for plans to build 300 new homes in a Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank, announcing the move as it carried out a court demolition order against two vacant apartment blocks at the site.
    (Reuters, 7/29/15)

2015        Jul 30, Israel's parliament passed a contentious law that would permit the force-feeding of inmates on hunger strike, eliciting harsh criticism over the practice.
    (AP, 7/30/15)
2015        Jul 30, In Israel Yishai Shlissel stormed a gay parade with a knife, attacking six before being quickly arrested amid pandemonium in Jerusalem's city center. Shira Banki (16) was stabbed in the back and died of her wounds a few days later. On April 19, 2016, a Jerusalem court convicted Shlissel (40) of murder. On June 26 Schlissel was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AFP, 7/31/15)(AP, 4/19/16)(AFP, 6/26/16)

2015        Jul 31, Israeli forces shot Laith Khaldi (14) of the Jalazon refugee camp in the chest during clashes near the Atara checkpoint. Khaldi died hours later in hospital. A Palestinian man was killed and another wounded by Israeli fire when they approached a security fence separating the Gaza Strip from Israel.
    (AFP, 7/31/15)
2015        Jul 31, Palestinian baby Ali Dawabsheh (18 months) died and its parents were injured in a fire started by Israeli settlers in the West Bank village of Doma. Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon labelled the attack an act of terrorism. The father of the toddler died August 8 from injuries he suffered in the attack. The mother was buried on Sep 7 after she died of her wounds overnight.
    (AFP, 7/31/15)(AFP, 8/8/15)(AFP, 9/7/15)(Econ, 8/8/15, p.40)

2015        Aug 1, In Israel Laith al-Khaldi (18) died of wounds after being shot by Israeli troops a day earlier during a demonstration over the burning death of a toddler in a fire set by suspected Jewish extremists. Al-Khaldi had allegedly hurled a fire bomb at police.
    (SSFC, 8/2/15, p.A3)

2015        Aug 2, In Israel Shira Banki (16) died today after being seriously wounded when an anti-gay extremist stabbed her and several others in last week's attack on Jerusalem's gay pride parade. She was among six people wounded July 30 by ultra-Orthodox Jewish Yishai Schlissel, who had carried out a similar attack on a gay pride parade in 2005.
    (AP, 8/2/15)

2015        Aug 9, Israel arrested several suspects in raids linked to the deadly firebombing of a Palestinian home and placed alleged Jewish extremists Meir Ettinger and Eviatar Slonim in a controversial form of detention without trial.
    (AFP, 8/9/15)(SFC, 8/10/15, p.A3)

2015        Aug 13, A tent was torched and Hebrew-language graffiti was sprayed at a Palestinian Bedouin village in the occupied West Bank in what residents and an NGO said was a suspected attack by Jewish extremists.
    (AFP, 8/13/15)

2015        Aug 14, In Israel Palestinian detainee Mohammed Allan (30) was 60 days into his hunger strike, launched in protest of his detention without charge in an Israeli jail, when he slipped into unconsciousness. Allan was arrested in November 2014 and was being held for his activities in Islamic Jihad.
    (AP, 8/14/15)(AP, 8/15/15)

2015        Aug 15, Palestinian Rafiq Taj (21) from Nablus was shot dead by Israeli forces after stabbing a border policeman in the northern West Bank.
    (AFP, 8/15/15)

2015        Aug 17, Israel offered to free Palestinian detainee Mohammed Allan (31), whose two-month hunger strike has left him in a coma, but only if he goes abroad. Allanís lawyer immediately dismissed the offer. Doctors were using artificial breathing equipment, fluids and vitamins to keep Allan alive. On August 19 Israelís Supreme Court suspended the detention order against Allan after medical tests showed he had suffered brain damage from the fast. On August 20 Allan ended his hunger strike.
    (AFP, 8/17/15)(SFC, 8/20/15, p.A2)(SFC, 8/21/15, p.A3)(Econ, 8/22/15, p.41)
2015        Aug 17, A Palestinian man was shot dead by Israeli police troopers after he stabbed and lightly wounded one of them at a military checkpoint outside Nablus.
    (Reuters, 8/17/15)

2015        Aug 20, Israel hit 14 Syrian army positions in the Syrian-controlled sector of the Golan in response to the rocket attacks.
    (AFP, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 21, Israel said it carried out an air raid that killed up to 5 Iran-backed militants it said were behind a rare rocket attack from across the border in Syria. Syrian television identified the victims as unarmed civilians.
    (AFP, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 24, British citizen Damian Moran said almost 80,000 people had signed a petition urging the arrest of Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu for war crimes when he visits London next month. Israel launched military action in the Gaza Strip on July 8, 2014, leading to the deaths of more than 2,000 Palestinians and 66 Israeli soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/24/15)

2015        Aug 25, Israel began releasing hundreds of African migrants from the remote Holot detention center, after a court ruling earlier this month ordered the release of those held for more than a year.
    (AP, 8/25/15)

2015        Aug 26, Israel released a second group of around 600 African migrants from a desert detention center after a court order.
    (AFP, 8/26/15)

2015        Aug 27, Monaco's Prince Albert II apologized for his country's role in deporting Jews to Nazi camps ó seven decades after police rounded up scores of people from the seaside principality, including those who had sought refuge from the Holocaust in what they thought was a safe and neutral land.
    (AP, 8/27/15)

2015        Sep 3, The Israeli military said its air force had attacked a Hamas military position in the Gaza Strip overnight from which gunfire had hit homes in southern Israel.
    (AFP, 9/3/15)

2015        Sep 6, In Israel thousands of people rallied in Jerusalem to demand more funds for Christian schools which they say receive a third of what the Israeli government allocates to Jewish ones.
    (AFP, 9/6/15)

2015        Sep 9, Israel outlawed "Mourabitoon" and "Mourabitaat," two grassroots Palestinian Islamist groups involved in vocal protests at the flashpoint al Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem against stepped-up visits by religious Jews.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)

2015        Sep 14, Israeli police and Muslims clashed at Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound for a second straight day as Jews celebrated their new year and protesters vowed to protect Islam's third-holiest site.
    (AFP, 9/14/15)

2015        Sep 15, Israeli forces stormed Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque compound as they clashed with Palestinians for the third day straight at the flashpoint site.
    (AP, 9/15/15)

2015        Sep 16, Israel reinstated the detention without trial of Palestinian Mohammed Allan (31), whose recent two-month hunger strike brought him near death and boosted tensions in the occupied West Bank.
    (AFP, 9/16/15)

2015        Sep 18, Palestinians clashed with Israeli security forces in Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank after the Islamist movement Hamas called for a "day of rage" over tensions at the Al-Aqsa mosque site.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)

2015        Sep 19, Israel carried out air strikes in the Gaza Strip after Palestinian militants there fired rockets into southern Israel.
    (Reuters, 9/19/15)

2015        Sep 21, In Russia Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu met Pres. Vladimir Putin in Moscow to discuss ways of avoiding any unintended clashes in Syria between Israel and Russian forces supporting President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 9/21/15)

2015        Sep 22, A Palestinian militant (23) died overnight when a bomb he was trying to throw at Israeli forces blew up near the West Bank city of Hebron. The Islamic Jihad militant group named him as Diyaa Abdul Halim Talahmeh, claimed him as one of its members and said he had been shot dead by the soldiers. Hours later Israeli troops shot and wounded a Palestinian woman (18) as she tried to stab a soldier. A Palestinian witness the next day disputed the Israeli army's account of her shooting.
    (Reuters, 9/22/15)(AP, 9/23/15)

2015        Sep 24, Israel approved harsher measures to combat the practice of stone throwing amid a recent surge in Palestinian violence. A Palestinian man died from wounds after being shot by Israeli soldiers in the West Bank last week.
    (SFC, 9/25/15, p.A2)

2015        Sep 25, Israeli soldiers assaulted an AFP photographer and cameraman in an unprovoked attack. The incident was caught on film and the Israeli military soon suspended the officer in charge.
    (SFC, 9/27/15, p.A2)

2015        Sep 27, Clashes erupted between Palestinians and Israeli security forces at Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound, with further trouble feared in the week ahead as Jews celebrate the Sukkot holiday.
    (AFP, 9/27/15)
2015        Sep 27, Christian schools in Israel said they would end a nearly month-long strike over cuts in government funding after reaching an agreement with the Education Ministry.
    (AP, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 28, Palestinians clashed with Israeli riot police after barricading themselves inside a mosque at Jerusalem's most sensitive holy site, throwing firebombs and rocks at officers outside during a major Jewish holiday.
    (AP, 9/28/15)

2015        Sep 30, Israeli air raids hit the Gaza Strip in response to a rocket fired from the Palestinian enclave that was intercepted by the Iron Dome missile defense system.
    (AFP, 9/30/15)

2015        Oct 1, Israel-based Teva Pharmaceutical Industries said it will acquire Mexican company Representaciones e Investigaciones Medicas (Rimsa) for $2.3 billion to strengthen its presence in the second-largest market in Latin America.
    (AFP, 10/1/15)
2015        Oct 1, In the West Bank a drive-by shooting by suspected Palestinian gunmen killed a Jewish settler couple driving home with their children near the Palestinian village of Beit Furik.
    (AP, 10/2/15)

2015        Oct 3, Ten Palestinians were wounded by Israeli fire in the West Bank during a raid by troops hunting the murderers of a Jewish settler couple. A senior Hamas official called on Palestinians to take up arms to "defend" the Al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem after a rise in Jewish visitors to the flashpoint site.
    (AFP, 10/3/15)

2015        Oct 4, Israel barred Palestinians from Jerusalem's Old City as tensions mounted following attacks that killed 2 Israelis and wounded a child. The Palestinian Red Crescent said clashes with Israeli security forces and Jewish settlers have left 77 Palestinians wounded from both live rounds and rubber bullets over the past 24 hours. Israeli troops shot dead an 18-year-old Palestinian during clashes in Tulkarem in the West Bank.
    (AFP, 10/4/15)(AFP, 10/5/15)

2015        Oct 6, Israel demolished the houses of two Palestinians involved in attacks last year, reverting to a controversial measure it claims is a deterrent.
    (AFP, 10/6/15)

2015        Oct 7, Palestinian woman Dania Irsheid (17) stabbed an Israeli near the contested Ibrahimi mosque in Jerusalem. She was shot and killed by security forces. PM Benjamin Netanyahu canceled a visit to Germany because of the precarious security situation.
    (Reuters, 10/7/15)(Econ 6/10/17, p.61)(Econ 6/10/17, p.61)

2015        Oct 8, Israeli Arab Raed Jaradat stabbed four Israelis with a screwdriver before a soldier shot and killed him amid fresh violence that prompted PM Netanyahu to bar Cabinet ministers and lawmakers from the Al-Aqsa mosque, a sensitive Jerusalem holy site at the heart of the latest tensions. Altogether seven Israelis were stabbed in four separate incidents across the country.
    (AP, 10/8/15)(Reuters, 10/9/15)(Econ 6/10/17, p.61)

2015        Oct 9, Israeli troops shot dead 5 Palestinians in protests in Gaza. In southern Israel a Jewish man stabbed and wounded four Arabs in Dimona in an apparent reprisal attack for Palestinian violence. Hours later, a 14-year-old Jewish boy was stabbed and wounded by a Palestinian in the Old City of Jerusalem. A woman believed to be Palestinian tried to stab a guard at a bus station in north Israel, and a Palestinian stabbed a policeman near a Jewish settlement in the West Bank. The policeman's attacker was shot dead.   
    (Reuters, 10/9/15)

2015        Oct 10, Israeli security forces shot dead 2 Palestinians aged 12 and 15 in protests along Gaza's border fence. The Palestinian Prisoner Club said Israeli security forces have arrested approximately 400 Palestinians since the October 1 outbreak of violence in the occupied West Bank and annexed east Jerusalem. A Palestinian teen stabbed two Jews before being shot dead by police by the Damascus Gate in east Jerusalem. Hours later Palestinian Kafr A (19) stabbed two police officers at the same location before being shot dead by security forces.
    (Reuters, 10/10/15)(AFP, 10/10/15)

2015        Oct 11, An Israeli air strike in the Gaza Strip in response to rocket fire killed a pregnant woman and her toddler. Palestinian Ahmed Sharake (13) was killed during clashes in Ramallah.
    (AFP, 10/11/15)(AFP, 10/12/15)

2015        Oct 12, In Israel a Palestinian identified as Mustafa al-Khatib (18) attacked a policeman with a knife at an entrance to Jerusalem's Old City and was shot dead by security forces. A female attacker stabbed an Israeli policeman near the force's headquarters in Jerusalem and was shot and wounded by the victim.
    (AP, 10/12/15)
2015         Oct 12, Palestinian Ahmed Manasra (12) wounded two Israelis in a knife attack in an Israeli settlement north of Jerusalem along with his 15-year-old cousin. The cousin was shot and killed by an Israeli passerby, while Manasra was wounded. In 2016 Manasra was sentenced to 12 years in prison. In 2017 Manasraís sentence was reduced to nine and a half years.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zoxnztb)(Reuters, 11/7/16)(AP, 8/10/17)

2015        Oct 13, Palestinian men armed with knives and a gun killed at least 3 people and wounded several others in a string of attacks in Jerusalem and near Tel Aviv on a "Day of Rage" declared by Palestinian groups. The leaders of Israel's Arab community called for a commercial strike in their towns and villages.
    (Reuters, 10/13/15)

2015        Oct 14, Israel started setting up roadblocks in Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem and deploying soldiers across the country to combat a wave of Palestinian knife attacks. A "terrorist" attempted to stab a security guard at an entrance to Jerusalem's Old City but was shot before harming anyone.
    (Reuters, 10/14/15)(AFP, 10/14/15)

2015        Oct 16, Palestinians set fire to a Jewish shrine in the occupied West Bank, believed to house the tomb of Joseph. An attacker disguised as a journalist stabbed an Israeli soldier. Violence also broke out in the Gaza Strip when Palestinians approached the border fence with Israel. Two Palestinians died after being shot by the Israeli military in the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 10/16/15)(AFP, 10/16/15)(SFC, 10/17/15, p.A2)

2015        Oct 17, Four Palestinians were shot dead and a fifth was wounded in attacks on Israelis in east Jerusalem and the West Bank.
    (AFP, 10/18/15)

2015        Oct 18, Israel rejected a proposal to send international observers to a flashpoint holy site in a bid to calm unrest. At least four Israeli cities, including Tel Aviv, temporarily banned Arab laborers from working in their schools as they struggle to calm public fears fueled by the worst surge of Palestinian street attacks in years. An attacker, who police said was a Bedouin citizen of Israel, entered the heavily guarded station armed with a pistol and shot dead a soldier before snatching his rifle and opening fire on the crowd, wounding nine people.  Police shot the assailant dead. Eritrean migrant Mila Abtum died after he was shot by a security guard and kicked by an angry Israeli crowd that mistook him for a gunman.
    (AFP, 10/18/15)(Reuters, 10/18/15)(Reuters, 10/19/15)

2015        Oct 20, Israeli fire killed Palestinian Ahmed al-Serhi (27) during clashes on the Gaza Strip border. An Israeli soldier and a civilian were injured after a Palestinian attempted to ram his car into a group of pedestrians in the West Bank, then exited with a knife and was shot dead.
    (AFP, 10/20/15)

2015        Oct 21, An Israeli female soldier (19) was wounded in a stabbing near a West Bank settlement while the attacker was shot dead. Hours later five Israeli soldiers were run over by a Palestinian driver in the West Bank. A Jewish Israeli man (28) was shot and killed in a scuffle with Israeli soldiers who suspected he was a Palestinian attacker. Two alleged Palestinian attackers attempted to board a bus carrying children west of Jerusalem, and stabbed an Israeli before being shot.
    (AFP, 10/21/15)(AP, 10/22/15)(AFP, 10/22/15)(SSFC, 10/25/15, p.A8)
2015        Oct 21, The UN's cultural body approved a resolution from a group of Arab states criticizing Israel for failing to protect heritage sites and rebuild regions destroyed by war.
    (AFP, 10/21/15)

2015        Oct 24, A Palestinian was shot dead after he tried to stab an Israeli security guard at the Jalameh border crossing.
    (Reuters, 10/24/15)
2015        Oct 24, In Jordan US Secretary of State John Kerry and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas met In Amman, and voiced hope they might find a way to ease the Israel-Palestinian tensions but offered no details. Kerry will also met King Abdullah of Jordan, who is custodian of the al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem's Old City.
    (AP, 10/24/15)

2015        Oct 25, A Palestinian woman was shot dead while trying to knife Israeli border police and two Israelis were wounded in attempted stabbings as PM Benjamin Netanyahu agreed to install more security cameras at the flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound in a bid to defuse tensions.
    (AFP, 10/2515)

2015        Oct 26, Palestinian teenager Saed al-Atrash (19) tried to stab an Israeli soldier in the southern West Bank city of Hebron and was shot dead.
    (AFP, 10/2615)

2015        Oct 27, American-Israeli educator Richard Lakin (76), wounded in a Palestinian stabbing and shooting attack on a Jerusalem bus on Oct 13, died of his injuries. His death raised to 11 the number of Israelis killed in Palestinian attacks.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)

2015        Oct 28, A Palestinian in the occupied West Bank city of Hebron attempted to stab an Israeli soldier and was shot dead.
    (AFP, 10/28/15)

2015        Oct 29, Israeli security forces shot dead 2 Palestinian assailants in Hebron in the occupied West Bank following knife attacks on Israeli soldiers.
    (Reuters, 10/29/15)

2015        Oct 30, Israel press reported that the government has retroactively legalized some 800 homes in four settlements in the occupied West Bank. The decision was taken two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 10/30/15)
2015        Oct 30, A Palestinian (23) stabbed and lightly wounded an American tourist in Jerusalem. The assailant was shot and severely wounded. In Hebron hundreds of youths lobbed stones, firebombs and burning tires at Israeli soldiers who hit back with tear gas and rubber bullets. In Ramallah a Palestinian hurled a Molotov cocktail at border guards and was shot and wounded.
    (AFP, 10/30/15)
2015        Oct 30, The Palestinian Health Ministry said an eight-mo