Timeline India (B) 1992-2003

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1992        Apr 23, Satyajit Ray (b.1921), Indian director (Distant Thunder, Agantuk), died.

1992        May 4, India and Russia sign a five-year agreement on trade and economic cooperation.

1992        Jun 20, Indian officials raided Vachathi village in southern Tamil Nadu state to search for smuggled sandalwood. 18 women were reportedly raped and 100 people were badly beaten during the two-day raid. On Sep 29, 2011, an Indian court found 17 police and forest officials guilty of raping the group of lower-caste women.
    (AP, 9/29/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3wyvf2j)

1992        Dec 6, In Uttar Pradesh, India, thousands of Hindu kar sevaks, soldiers of the Ram Temple movement, destroyed the Babri Mosque and 4 people were killed. This set off two months of Hindu-Muslim rioting that claimed at least 2,000 lives. Attackers set off 13 bomb blasts in Bombay that destroyed skyscrapers and killed 600 people. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) inspired Hindus to raze a 16th century mosque in the northern town of Ayodhya. The demolition caused Hindu-Muslim riots across India and 3,000 people were killed. Hindus believe that the site was the birthplace of the god Ram and that Mogul invaders tore down a temple at the site to build the Babri Mosque. In 1998 the Congress Party apologized for the mosque destruction. In 2009 an inquired into the destruction of the Babri Mosque concluded that senior members of the opposition Bharatatiya Janata Party (BJP) were complicit in the vandalism.
    (WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 5/7/96, p.A-14)(AP, 12/6/97)(SFEC, 1/25/98, p.A20)(SFC, 3/15/02, p.A16)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.43)

1992        Amartya Sen, philosopher and economist from India, published his book: "Inequality Reexamined." Sen won the 1998 Nobel Prize in economics.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A22)
1992        A.R. Rahman recorded the soundtrack for the film "Roja."
    (SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.63)
1992        India’s central government approved a foreign owned power project. Enron Corp. was contracted to build the Dabhol Power Co. in Maharashtra state.
    (WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)
1992        Talwinder Singh Parmar, Sikh fundamentalist and alleged mastermind of the June 23, 1985, bombing of Air India Flight 182, was killed in a shootout with Indian police.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.46)
1992        Indian transplants in Silicon Valley founded The Indus Entrepreneurs (TIE). By 2009 the group had a network of 12,000 members and operated in 53 cities in 12 countries.
    (Econ, 3/14/09, SR p.4)
1992        In India Naresh Goyal founded Jet Airways. Etihad Aviation Group purchased a 24% stake in Jet Airways in 2013. In 2019 the company faced Bankruptcy.
    (AP, 4/16/19)

1992-2002    India grew at an average annual rate of 6%.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)

1993        Mar 9, The All Parties Hurriyat Conference, a coalition of 26 parties, formed as a united political front to raise the cause of Kashmiri separatism and advocated separation from India by peaceful means.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_Parties_Hurriyat_Conference)(Econ 5/27/17, p.36)

1993        Mar 12, In Bombay (Mumbai), India, 13 bombs exploded killing 257 people. Abu Salem, alleged terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most wanted men, was arrested in Portugal in 2002. Salem was accused by Indian police of being involved in the country's worst bombing attack, as well as a string of murder and extortion cases. More than 100 people, most of them Muslims, were accused of involvement in the attacks. In 2006 4 family members were found guilty in the first verdict in the prosecution of India's deadliest terror attack. Asgar Yusuf Mukadam and Shahnawaz Qureshi were convicted for murdering 10 people in one of the bombings. Abdul Turk (40) was convicted of leaving an explosives-laden jeep in a crowded shopping and residential area of Mumbai, killing 113 people and injuring scores. In 2007 Parvez Shaikh, Mushtaq Tarani and Abdul Ghani Turk were sentenced to death for planting explosives in Mumbai. Also sentenced to death were Asgar Muqadam and Shahnawaz Qureshi for involvement in placing bombs at a cinema in Mumbai and Shoaib Ghansar for involvement in the bombing at the Zaveri Bazaar. Yakub Memon was sentenced to death for playing a key role in procuring the weapons and explosives used in the serial attacks. Memon was accused of assisting his brother Tiger Memon and Dawood Ibrahim, the suspected masterminds in a series of bombings.
    (AP, 3/12/98)(AP, 9/20/02)(AP, 9/12/06)(AP, 9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)(AP, 7/18/07)(AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/27/07)(SFC, 7/22/15, p.A3)

1993        Mar 17, A bomb attack in Calcutta, India, killed 60 people.

1993        Jul 13, A.K. Ramanujan (b.1929), Indian poet and scholar, died in Chicago. In 1999 his collected essays were published.
    (WSJ, 4/4/09, p.W8)(www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/Ramanujan.html)

1993        Sep 11, In India car bomb exploded outside the offices of the Indian Youth Congress on Raisina Road in New Delhi, killing nine people. In 2001 Sikh separatist Devinderpal Singh Bhullar (b.1965) was convicted of triggering the bomb and sentenced to death. In 2014 his sentence was commuted to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/31/14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devinder_Pal_Singh_Bhullar)

1993        Sep 30, An estimated 10,000 (28,000) people were killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 6.0-6.4 struck Latur in southern India. Its epicenter was about 350 miles southwest of Jabalpur.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)(AP, 9/30/98)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)(AP, 6/22/02)

1993        Oct, Coca-Cola returned to India after a 16-year absence by acquiring soft-drink brands from India’s Parle Group that included Thums Up.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 4/29/98, p.B1)

1993        Nov, Kiran Bedi, an inspector general of prisons, introduced the Vipassana meditation technique at Tihar Prison. A film was later made called "Doing Time, Doing Vipassana" that demonstrated the technique
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.E12)

1993        India’s Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao allegedly bribed members of Parliament to vote for his government in a no-confidence measure. Rao was sentenced in 2000 to 3 years in prison for his role in the bribery. The conviction was reversed on appeal Mar 15, 2002.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)(WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A1)
1993        India passed legislation that banned “manual scavenging," the practice of cleaning feces from houses that lacked flushing toilets. It also forbade the unplumbed toilets that necessitated the practice.
    (Econ, 7/12/08, p.54)
1993        In Bombay Hindus killed some 800 Muslims in revenge for earlier killings. In 2000 Bal Thackeray, a Hindu supremacist, was arrested for inciting the killings, but was released because the case was filed too late.
    (SFC, 7/26/00, p.A13)
1993        The Tibet Transit School near Dharamsala, India, was founded for arrivals from Tibet aged 18-30.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.57)

1993-2005    In India pollution on the Yamuna River doubled and continued to rise. The river extended 855 miles from the Himalaya Mountains to the Ganges. New Delhi with 15 million inhabitants dumped 57% of its waste into the Yamuna.
    (SFC, 7/27/07, p.A17)

1994        May 4, India made its 4th developmental launch of ASLV. The 113 kg Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-C2) was launched by fourth developmental flight of ASLV-D4 from Sriharikota.

1994        Jun 10, Dhirendra Brahmachari (70), a spiritual leader and yoga instructor who became a confidant of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, died today in a plane crash. Brahmachari, aka known as the flying swami, was swept into obscurity amid scandals over a personal arms factory and crooked aircraft deals.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3metw8l)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.44)

1994        Jul 28, In India 10 people died in a seven-hour gun battle when Indian police raided a camp run by Naga militants.

1994        Aug, India's HDFC Bank, led by Aditya Puri, was founded in Mumbai. Puri retired on Oct. 26, 2020, with HDFC listed as the world's 10th most valuable bank.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HDFC_Bank)(Econ., 10/31/20, p.61)

1994        Sep, India’s eastern port city of Surat, Gujarat state, was hit with pneumonic plague. 52 people lost their lives. From August to October 693 suspected cases and 56 deaths were reported from the five affected Indian states as well as the federal district of New Delhi.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994_plague_epidemic_in_Surat)(Econ, 12/5/15, p.40)

1994        Dec 5, In India’s Bihar state a mob that pulled senior government official G. Krishnaiah out of his car and beat him unconscious before shooting him to death because the official's car had inadvertently crossed paths with the funeral procession of a noted underworld don and aspiring politician, Chottan Shukla. In 2007 Anand Mohan and two other politicians were sentenced to hang for their role in the attack. Four others, including Mohan's wife, Lovely Anand — also a former member of parliament — were sentenced to life in prison by the court in Patna, the capital of Bihar state.
    (AP, 10/4/07)(http://tinyurl.com/3yj99o)

1994        The Indian Parliament unanimously decided that its goal was to extend its rule to all of "Pakistan-occupied Kashmir."
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.C2)
1994        Representatives of 14 tiger-range countries met in New Delhi and agreed to cooperate in combating the trade in tigers.
    (NG, 12/97, p.22)
1994        The Hindustan-Tibet Road was opened to tourists. It linked the Kinnaur Valley, once and independent Hindu kingdom, and the Spiti Valley, formerly part of the west Tibetan kingdom of Guge.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.T1)
1994        India allowed private rivals to compete with Air India.
    (Econ 7/8/17, p.59)
1994        India-based Symphony, a maker of air-coolers, gained a stock exchange listing. By 2015 the company was one of India’s best performers stocks for over a decade.
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.55)

1995        Mar, In Maharashtra state a Hindu-Nationalist government was elected.
    (WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)

1995        May 4, India launched the fourth ASLV-D4 from Sriharikota, successfully placing the SROSS-C2 satellite in orbit.

1995        Jul, Four hostages: Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert were seized by Kashmir guerillas, who call themselves Al Faran. In May ‘96 a Muslim insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec 13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar, a group based in Pakistan. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian authorities.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)(SFC, 4/8/98, p.A12)

1995        Aug 3, In Maharashtra state the Hindu-Nationalist government declared an end to the $2.5 billion Enron project to build Dabhol Power. Enron later renegotiated the project and went online in 1999
    (WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)

1995        Aug 13, Hans-Christian Ostro, a 27-year-old Norwegian who had come to India to study dance was found dead in the Pahalgam district with his severed head balanced between his thighs, close to the sight of a previous kidnapping by Kashmir guerillas.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)

1995         Aug 20, In Firozabad, India, a speeding passenger train crashed into a train that had stalled after hitting a cow and some 358 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(AP, 8/20/00)

1995        Aug 31, In India blast a bomb killed 18 people, including Beant Singh (b.1922), chief minister of the northern state of Punjab. Singh had become chief minister of Punjab, home to most Indian Sikhs, in 1992, and began crushing a Sikh militant movement that sought a separate homeland. Gurmeet Singh was one of six Sikh militants convicted in the attack. He fled a high-security prison in 2004 before being sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment in 2007. In 2015 Thai authorities extradited him back to India.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beant_Singh_%28chief_minister%29)(AP, 1/16/15)   

1995        Sep, N. Chandrababu Naidu took power in Andhra Pradesh state from his father-in-law N.T. Rama Rao. Rao was the founder of the ethnic based Telugu Desam Party. www.andrhapradesh.com
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)

1995        Oct, Dr. Kataria organized a group of 5 people in Bombay to share jokes and laugh. The group grew to more than 100 laughing clubs across the country.
    (WSJ, 9/12/96, p.B1)

1995         Nov, The Indian cabinet agreed to change the name of Bombay, its biggest city, back to Mumbai. Located in the state of Maharashtra, Mumbai is the financial and movie center of India. Its movie industry is called Bollywood.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A-3)

1995         Dec 23, A fire killed 540, including 170 children, in Dabwali, India, 125 miles northwest of New Delhi when a tent ignited during a year-end school party.
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(AP, 12/23/97)

1995        Dec, India began a broad-based vaccination program against polio.
    (SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)

1995        The film "Hum Apke Hain Kaun" (What Am I To You) grossed a record $20.8 million.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.62)

1995        In India the government in New Delhi granted Ladakh Autonomous Hill Council status, recognizing its unique culture and giving it some measure of self rule.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.T4)
1995        Riots erupted in Bangalore, India, when the 1st Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) opened in the city.
    (WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A12)
1995        Ronnie Screwvala, founder of India’s UTV software, started his UTV film studio.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.72)
1995        Ratan Tata decided to enter India’s passenger car market. The 1st Tata Motors car was produced in 1998.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.53)
1995        Tulsi Tanti formed Suzlon Energy in India. Suzlon Energy incorporated as a maker of wind turbines. In 2005 he sold a minority of shares of shares in the wind turbine company and joined the ranks of world billionaires. By 2007 it was the largest such company in India and 5th largest in the world with a major presence in China.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, SR p.19)(www.suzlon.com/about-us.htm)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
1995        Shetty Sreenath built Asia’s 1st eco-friendly e-waste disposal facility in Bangalore, India. In 2007 Sreenath said “We’re sitting on an e-waste time bomb."
    (SFC, 3/30/07, p.A1)
1995        Lakshmi Mittal (b.1950), India-born entrepreneur, transferred his steel firm's headquarters from Indonesia to London, a city Mr Mittal rated as the world's financial centre.
1995        William Oliver (1947- 2014), English champion of wild pigs, managed to get the government of India and Assam state to agree to protect the endangered pigmy hogs.
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.94)
1995        In India official data showed 1,677 people succumbing to heat.
    (AFP, 5/28/15)
1995         India’s population was around 900 million.
    (WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)

1996         Jan, A bomb killed at least 6 and injured 31 in a crowded New Delhi shopping bazaar. A Kashmiri separatist group claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 1/4/96, p.A-1)   
1996         Jan, The leadership of India's Maharashtra state cleared the multi-billion dollar Enron power plant project.
    (WSJ, 1/9/96, p.A-1)

1996        Mar, Jaleel Andrabi, a Kashmiri human rights lawyer, disappeared in Srinagar at the height of an anti-India uprising. His body was recovered 19 days later in a local river. He had been shot in the head and his eyes gouged out. Avtar Singh, a major in the Indian army, fled the country after he was accused of killing Andrabi. India called for Singh’s extradition after his location was discovered following his Feb 21, 2011, arrest in California in a domestic violence case.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

1996        Apr 2, If the Indian Hindu Nationalist Party wins elections, it will move toward testing a nuclear bomb.
    (WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-1)

1996        Apr 22, Mahesh Chandar Mehta was a Goldman Award winner for crusading against air and water pollution in India.
    (USAT, 4/22/96, p.4-D)

1996        Apr 24, In India Mahendra Das snuck up behind Hara Kunta as the rival official in the local transporter's union sipped tea at a shop in a busy market in Assam's capital, Gauhati. With a swing of his machete, Das decapitated Kunta. Then he carried the bloody head by the hair to a nearby police station screaming, "I have killed him." Courts ruled that the public nature of the killing warranted the death penalty. In 2011 Das (45) waited as officials searched for a hangman.
    (AP, 6/1/11)

1996        Apr 27, As many as 590 million voters participated in elections for three days of balloting held over nearly two weeks in India. It determined the pace of reforms and served as a referendum on the recent corruption scandals.
    (WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)

1996        May 3, Chandraswami, aka Nemi Chand Jain, faith healer and psychic admired by Elizabeth Taylor, was held by police in New Delhi on charges of swindling $100,000 from a London businessman.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-10)

1996        May 13, The BJP and allies held 181 seats, the Congress Party held 137 seats, and the National front held 107 seats. The remainder to total 614 went to small regional and independent groups.
    (SFC, 5/13/96, p.A-8)

1996        May 14, Leftist and regional Indian political parties formed a powerful coalition and settled on H.D. Deve Gowda, chief minister of the southern state of Karnataka, as the candidate for prime minister.
    (SFC, 5/15/96, A-10)

1996        May 15, In India the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) parliamentary leader, A.B. Vajpayee, was named prime minister. Pres. Shankar Dayal Sharma asked the new prime minister to form a coalition government by May 31. The BJP wants to build a nuclear bomb and revoke the autonomy of the disputed territory of Kashmir, India’s only Muslim-majority state. Vajpayee resigned 13 days later in the face of a no-confidence motion.
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-1)(AP, 8/16/18)7

1996        May 17, Jaswant Singh was appointed finance minister. He was highly  regarded as a pragmatist.
    (WSJ, 5/17/96,p.A-10)

1996        May 18, The new defense minister, Pramod Mahajan, said that military spending would be increased and that India’s 350,000 member force in the Kashmir, bogged down by Muslim insurgency, would be given "proper powers."
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.A-9)

1996        May 21, A bombing in New Delhi, India, killed 25 people. Kashmiri separatists claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-1)

1996        May 28, The Hindu nationalist government collapsed. An alliance of 13 parties was named to replace it. H.D. Deve Gowda, leader of the left-of-center United Front, was chosen as the next prime minister by ceremonial president, Shankar Dayal Sharma. He had 2 weeks to form a new government.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, p.A7)

1996        Jun 16, In India monsoon rainstorms battered southern India for 3 days and killed at least 85 people with 250 missing.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)

1996        Jun, Torrential rains flooded 400 villages in the state of Rajasthan. Up to 500 people have died in the monsoon season.
    (SFC, 6/29/96, p.C1)

1996        Jul 15, In India 58 Hindu pilgrims died in stampedes during religious festivals at Ujjain, 465 miles south of New Delhi, and Hardwar, 125 miles north.
    (WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A1)

1996        Jul 27, In Kashmir, India, a guard shot at 2 people who refused to move a motor scooter and a bomb exploded that killed 6 and wounded 17 near the headquarters of a Muslim group.
    (WSJ, 7/29/96, p.A1)

1996        Jul 29, In Kashmir a grenade exploded in a Muslim shrine that killed 2 and injured some 100 people.
    (WSJ, 7/30/96, p.A1)

1996        Jul, 21 lower-caste villagers were gunned down in Bihar by gunmen of Ranbir Sena.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A11)

1996        Aug 9, In India there was an incident of food poisoning caused by Clostridium botulinum. 106 people fell ill  and 6 died after eating at a canteen in the town of Bhiwandi, 80 miles north of Bombay.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A20)

1996        Aug 14, In India police arrested a kitchen worker in a food-poisoning incident that traced to poisonous seeds.
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A1)

1996        Aug 17, It was reported that tens of thousands of dead rats were caught in fisherman’s nets in India’s northeast Assam state. It was speculated that a rare poisonous bamboo flower was the cause.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A4)

1996        Aug 27, Plans were made to amend the 1948 electricity laws to allow private companies to enter the transmission sector and help shoulder the investment needed to satisfy demand.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A10)

1996        Sep 1, Wolves were reported to have killed 33 children in the area of Banbirpur in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Some reports had it that at least some of the killings were by disguised human beings.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, p.A16)

1996        Sep 16, The government issued an arrest warrant for former communications minister Sukh Ram for kickbacks in awarding contracts in 1993.
    (WSJ, 9/17/96, p.A10)

1996        Sep 30, In India the capital city of Tamil Nadu changed its name from Madras to Chennai after an ancient ruler named Chenappa Naicker. It had been called Chennapatnam or Chennai before British colonial rule.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A14)

1996        Oct 10, Today the reborn Drepung Loseling Monastery in Karnataka state houses about 2,500 Buddhist monks.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.E1)

1996        Nov 6-1996 Nov 7, In India cyclone 07B killed some 2000 in Andhra Pradesh state. Damage was estimated at $1.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 11/8/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A11)(www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)

1996        Nov 12, Near New Delhi, India, a Saudi Arabian Boeing 747 with 312 passengers crashed into a Kazak Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 with 39 people in midair. It marked the worst midair collision in aviation history and the 3rd deadliest air crash. Investigators later claimed the Ilyushin II-76 failed to maintain its assigned altitude. All 349 passengers and crew were killed.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/12/97)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)

1996        Nov 23, In Bangalore amidst protests outside, Irene Skliva of Greece won the Miss World crown. Police arrested some 1,650 over 2 days.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A2)

1996        Nov 28, Chinese Pres. Jiang Zemin made a 3-day visit to India, the first ever.
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.B8)

1996        Dec 2, India and China agreed to troop withdrawals along their 2,500 mile border, and pledged not to use military force against one another.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A13)

1996        Dec 2, A bomb on a train near Chandigarh in the Punjab region killed 12 and injured 37.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 24, In India a British made Avro Air Force plane crashed in Andhra Pradesh and killed all 22 onboard.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A12)

1996        Dec 25, Some 280 migrants from India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka were suspected of having drowned in the Mediterranean while being transshipped in the Malta-Sicily channel. At least 283 people died while on the illegal voyage from Alexandria to Italy.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.A13)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.21)

1996        Dec 30, A bomb exploded on the Brahmaputra Express train out of Gauhati in the state of Assam. 38 were killed. Bodo insurgents were suspected.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A10)

1996        Dec 31, A railroad bridge was blown up in northeastern India in Assan.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C3)

1996        India outlawed sex determination tests to reduce gender-based abortions.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.J1)
1996        In Kerala a coalition of 2 left parties was elected. It was dominated by the Marxist Communist Party of India.
    (SFEM, 7/18/99, p.10)
1996        In southern India a teenager (16) was kidnapped and held for several weeks in Kerala state. A court had acquitted all but one of 24 of the accused in 2005. In 2013 India's top court ordered a retrial, which was completed in six months. In 2014 one man was sentenced to life and 23 others to 7-11 years.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
c1996    A British arms dealer and 5 Latvians were arrested for dropping arms for revolutionaries into the state of West Bengal. The 6 were sentenced to life in prison in 2000.
    (SFC, 2/3/00, p.A13)

1997        Jan 2, Movie theaters in Bombay closed in protest of a state doubling of the ticket tax. Some 120 films are produced annually and theaters provide about half the funding.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A6)

1997        Jan, The Madhya Pradesh state government inaugurated its Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS), whereby any community could have a school if it had 40 or more children living over half a mile from an existing school.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.A12)

1997        Feb 23, In eastern India a fire in Baripada killed 190 worshippers at the 46th annual festival in honor of the late Swami Nigamananda.
    (SFC, 2/24/97, p.A10)(SFC, 2/25/97, p.a14)(AP, 2/23/98)

1997        Mar, The Indian film "Kama Sutra: A Tale of Love" by Mira Nair was released in the US.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, DB p.32)

1997        Mar 13, Mother Teresa handed over leadership of the Missionaries of Charity to Sister Nirmala (63).
    (SFC, 3/14/97, p.A13)

1997        Mar, 10 lower-caste villagers were gunned down in Haibaspur by higher-class gunmen.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A11)

1997        Apr 11, Parliament rejected Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda, head of the 10-month-old coalition government by a vote of 292 to 158 in the 545-seat  lower house, the Lok Sabha. He was rejected after the Congress Party withdrew it support. The Congress Party, which has ruled for 45 of the 50 years since independence, complained that Gowda failed to halt gains by the BJP (Bharatriya Janata Party).
    (SFC, 4/12/97, p.A10)(SFC, 11/29/97, p.A12)

1997        Apr 19, Inder Kumar Gujral was chosen to lead the United Front Coalition government. The Tamil Manila Congress withdrew from the coalition.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A14)

1997        May 21, In India an earthquake killed at least 27. Its epicenter was near Jabalpur City, about 400 miles southeast of New Delhi.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)

1997        Jun 7, Dozens died and 90 were injured in a fire during a religious festival at Thanjavur.
    (WSJ, 6/9/97, p.A1)

1997        Jun 13, In India a fire in a New Delhi theater killed 60 and injured over 200 people.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A12)

1997        Jul 7, Abdul Rashid Wani (30) disappeared in Srinagar, Kashmir, while running an errand on the day of his niece’s wedding.
    (SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A17)

1997        Jul 8, A bomb exploded on a passenger train in the Punjab at Bhatinda and killed 36 people and wounded 70.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A8)

1997        Jul 9, The Asian elephant population was down to 60,000, half of them in India in an area of just 168,000 sq. miles.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A7)

1997        Jul 11, A riot broke out in Bombay after a garland of shoes - a grave insult - was draped over a bust of Babasaheb Ambedkar, a political leader from Hinduism’s lowest caste. Police killed ten people including two children on their way to school.
    (SFC, 7/12/97, p.C1)

1997        Jul 17, In India Kocheril Raman Narayannan, a member of the Dalits, was elected president by the national and state legislatures. The Dalits, or "oppressed people," were according to Hinduism the lowest class of people, a fifth class below the 4 main castes. He replaced Pres. Shanker Dayal Sharma whose 5-year term expired Jul 25.
    (SFC, 7/18/97, p.A10)

1997        Jul 25, In India Kocheril Raman Narayannan (1920-2005) was sworn in as president, becoming the first member of the "untouchable" Dalits caste to do so.
    (AP, 7/25/98)(SFC, 11/10/05, p.B8)

1997        Aug 13, In India the Supreme Court ordered the government to come up with legislation to protect women from sexual harassment in the workplace.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.C3)

1997        Aug 27, It was reported that at least 945 people had died since June due to torrential monsoon rains.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)

1997        Aug, In India A.R. Rahman launched his first non-movie album "Vande Mataram" (Salute to the Motherland) to coincide with the 50-year anniversary of independence from Britain. He was the first Indian artist signed by Sony Records.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.63)

1997        Sep 5, In India Mother Teresa (b.1910), the Calcutta nun who worked on behalf of the destitute, died of heart failure in Calcutta. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II broke the royal reticence over Princess Diana's death, calling her "a remarkable person" in a televised address. In 1996 a US Congress joint resolution declared her an honorary US citizen. In 2003 Albania declared 2004 to be "Mother Teresa Year" and set aside Oct. 19 as a national holiday in her honor. "It is Christmas every time you let God love others through you ... yes, it is Christmas every time you smile at your brother and offer him your hand."
    (SFC, 9/6/97, p.A1)(AP, 9/5/98)(AP, 9/12/03)(SFC, 9/3/10, p.A4)

1997        Sep 7, In the disputed Kashmir region Indian and Pakistani gunners exchanged artillery fire and 14 villagers on the Pakistani side were reported killed and 5 were reported killed on the Indian side.
    (WSJ, 9/8/97, p.A16)

1997        Sep 14, In India at least 77 people were killed when a train plunged from a bridge near Champa town in the east of Madhya Pradesh state. Another 234 were injured.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A11)

1997        Sep 15, At the southeastern port city of Visakhapatnam a fire raged at the Hindustan Petroleum Corp. and 37 were reported dead.
    (SFC, 9/16/97, p.A12)

1997        Sep, 30 people organizing lower-caste villagers were killed by a rival group.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A1)

1997        Oct 14, The Booker Prize for literature went to Indian writer Arundhati Roy for her book: "The God of Small Things."
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.D4)

1997        Nov 18, A school bus plunged into the Yamuna River in New Delhi and at least 30 children were killed and another 20 missing. The driver was reported to be racing another bus.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.A14)

1997        Nov 19, A car bomb exploded in Hyderabad at a gala kickoff for a new movie and 23 people were killed. Police suspected rivals of producer Paritala Ravi, who is also a lawmaker in Andhra Pradesh state.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.B7)

1997        Nov 20, S.V. Ramanna Reddy, a former legislator of Andhra Pradesh, surrendered to police in relation to the previous days bomb blast.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.D6)

1997        Nov 22, The Miss World pageant in the Seychelles Islands was won by Diana Hayden (24), Miss India.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, p.A2)

1997        Nov 28, India’s 4th government in 2 years collapsed. Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral resigned and his United Front government fell after the Congress party withdrew its support. India's powerful Congress Party withdrew its support from India's ruling coalition, forcing Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral to resign.
    (WSJ, 11/29/97, p.A12) (AP, 11/28/98)

1997        Nov 30, Two bomb blasts in a crowded New Delhi market left 3 dead and 62 injured.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)

1997        Dec 2, Lower caste villagers of Lakshmanpur were attacked by some 300 armed men, who stabbed, shot and killed 61 people including 4 children under age 5. The gunmen were thought to be members of the Ranbir Sena paramilitary force, composed of higher caste landlords.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A11)

1997        Dec 5, Explosions on 3 separate passenger trains left at least 10 dead and 64 injured in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A9)

1997        Dec 14, It was reported that Bombay film studios churn out 900 features a year in Hindi and other Indian languages at an average cost of $2.24 million.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.62)

1997        In New Delhi the World Fisheries Forum was founded by a group of owner-operated fishermen whose aim was to push for human rights and social justice in the fishing industry. In 1999 they met in Point Montara, California
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A18)
1997        Phoolan Devi, the Bandit Queen, was elected to Parliament representing the lower-caste Samajwadi Party.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
1997        Pakistan’s Nawaz Sharif and India’s Inder Kumar Gujral agreed to a process of dialogue, but relations soured after the BJP came to power in India.
    (Econ, 1/10/04, p.35)
1997        In India Laloo Prasad Yadav, head of the RJD, stepped down as Bihar’s chief minister after his arrest on corruption charges. Rabri Devi, Yadav’s wife, took over as chief minister.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.44)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.45)
1997        Naga tribesmen of northeastern India agreed to a ceasefire after fighting the Indian army for five decades.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
1997        Mobile phones were introduced in Kerala, India. By 2000 fisherman were using them to call coastal markets while at sea to find the best price for their catch.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.84)

1997        There were 12,953 train robberies in India.
    (WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)

1998        Jan 5, A train crash in Uttar Pradesh killed at least 48 people.
    (WSJ, 1/7/98, p.1)

1998        Jan 25, In Wandhama, north of Srinagar, Muslim separatists killed 23 Hindus.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 28, In India the 26 people accused of the May 21, 1991 assassination of Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi were sentenced to death by hanging. Authorities braced for possible unrest. Only 2 of the 26 were charged with murder, the rest were charged with conspiracy.
    (WSJ, 1/28/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/29/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 30, It was reported that over the past 2 months over 50 cotton farmers in Andhra Pradesh state had committed suicide due to farming losses caused by cluster caterpillars.
    (SFC, 1/30/98, p.A13)

1998        Jan, Masked gunmen killed 23 people in a village near Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Feb 5, In Madhya Pradesh state a tractor pulling a trolley full of children crashed into a truck and plunged into a river and killed at least 34.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.11)

1998        Feb 14, In India the Tamil Nadu election campaign ended with bombings and riots in Coimbatore. Some 13 bombs in 11 places took 46 lives.
    (SFC, 2/16/98, p.A11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1998_Coimbatore_bombings)

1998        Feb 16, In Bihar 20 people were killed during the first round of voting.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Feb 21, The governor in Uttar Pradesh state ousted the Hindu nationalist government and protests followed. The government was restored by a court a few days later.
    (WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A1)

1998        Feb 22, Clashes during voting left 12 dead and over 40 injured across the country.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Feb 23, In Andhra Pradesh leftist guerrillas set off a mine that killed 5 soldiers sent to guard polling stations.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A8)

1998        Feb 28, The elections came to a close. The BJP built its campaign around candidate for prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee (71). The Congress Party was led by Sonia Gandhi. Jayaram Jayalalitha led the All India Anna Dravida Munetra Kazhagam party in Tamil Nadu which won 18 seats in parliament. Jayalitha hoped to have charges against her quashed and the government of Tamu Nidal dismissed. Vajpayee returned to power for 13 months after forging an alliance of 22 parties, mostly regional power brokers with disparate local appeal.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A18)(SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A19)(AP, 8/16/18)

1998        Mar 3, The BJP with regional allies emerged as the largest grouping from the general election. It was still 20 seats short of a governing majority in the 543-seat parliament.
    (FT, 3/4/98, p.1)

1998        Mar 10, In India 6 Tibetans in New Delhi, aged 28-70, began a hunger strike to force the UN to address Tibet’s dispute with China.
    (SFC, 4/15/98, p.C2)

1998        Mar 14, India's Congress party picked Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born widow of assassinated prime minister Rajiv Gandhi, as its new president.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.A13)(AP, 3/14/99)

1998        Mar 18, The Bharatiya Janata Party agenda was outlined. It included plans to protect domestic industry from foreign competition and to develop nuclear weapons for protection against China and Pakistan.
    (SFC, 3/19/98, p.A11)

1998        Mar 24, In India a tornado killed 105 people and some 500 were missing. At least 80 died in the Midnapore district of West Bengal state and some 1,100 were injured. At least 200 people were killed and thousands injured from a tornado in West Bengal and Orissa states.
    (SFC, 3/25/98, p.C3)(SFC, 3/28/98, p.A5)

1998        Mar 28, The Hindu Nationalist BJP won a confidence vote in parliament by a narrow margin, 274-261.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, p.A12)

1998        Apr 27, The hunger strike that began Mar 10 ended as police forced the Tibetan strikers to be fed intravenously as Gen’l Fu Quanyou of China began talks with Indian officials. One Tibetan exile set himself on fire and was not expected to survive.
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A6)

1998        Apr, The 68-acre Int’l. Tech Park (ITP) in Bangalore was scheduled to open as a joint venture between Singaporean companies, the Tata Group of India, and the state of Karnataka.
    (WSJ, 3/25/98, p.B10)

1998        Apr, Suspected separatist guerrillas shot and killed 29 Hindus in the Jammu and Kashmir region.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        May 11, India set off 3 underground atomic blasts in the Thar Desert in Rajasthan near the Pakistan border, its first nuclear tests in 24 years. Abdul Kalam led the teams of scientists who developed missiles designed for India’s atomic warheads.
    (WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/11/99)(WSJ, 7/15/02, p.A1)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.42)

1998        May 12, A day after India's first atomic test blasts in 24 years, neighboring Pakistan said it was ready to test a nuclear device itself.
    (AP, 5/12/99)

1998        May 13, Pres. Clinton announced sanctions against India for its nuclear test explosions. It was later reported that the number and size of the weapons were exaggerated.
    (SFC, 5/13/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/16/98, p.A1)

1998        May 13, India set off 2 more nuclear explosions in defiance of int’l. condemnations.
    (SFC, 5/14/98, p.A1)

1998        May 14, Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and the US all imposed penalties on India for its nuclear testing. Pakistan was pressured to refrain from testing its own nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.A15)

1998        May 21, India announced a moratorium on nuclear tests and restated a willingness to negotiate an agreement on a formal test ban.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.D3)

1998        May 23, From India and Pakistan it was reported that temperatures had reached 120 degrees and claimed 34 lives. Most of the fatalities occurred in the southwestern Indian state of Maharashtra.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A5)

1998        May 28, Pakistan matched India and exploded five of its own underground nuclear tests in the Chagai Hills. Pres. Clinton grimly denounced the tests and imposed penalties that could cause Pakistan billions. It was later reported that the number and size of the weapons were exaggerated.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A1,13) (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/28/99)

1998        Jun 6, India reported that 1,359 people had died over the past 3 weeks due to the severe heat wave. The death toll was raised to 2,500.
    (SFC, 6/6/98, p.A4)(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A14)

1998        Jun 7, In Pakistan a bomb exploded on a passenger train in the southern Sindh province near Sukkur. 26 people were killed and 45 wounded. Pakistan later blamed the Indian Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). India denied involvement.
    (SFEC, 6/7/98, p.A18)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 9, At least 205 people were killed by a cyclone that hit on India’s western coast at Porbunder. At least 15,000 people were forced to evacuate. The death toll was increased to 420 and 150 people were missing. The death toll was increased to 835.
    (SFC, 6/10/98, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/11/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A11)

1998        Jun 12, The G8 industrialized nations agreed to halt all loans to India and Pakistan except those for humanitarian purposes.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 13, In Bihar state Brij Bihari Prasad, a former state minister in the Rashtriya Janata Party (RJD), was killed along with his guard.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A12)

1998        Jun 14, In Bihar state Ajit Kumar Sarkar was the 2nd legislator in 2 days to be killed by gunmen. Two Sarkar supporters were also killed.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A12)

1998        Jun 19, Suspected separatist guerrillas shot and killed 25 male members of 2 Hindu wedding parties in Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Jun 21, In India a deal was signed in New Delhi with Russia to build power plants for two nuclear reactors.
    (SFC, 6/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Jun 23, Pakistan and India agreed to negotiations in Sri Lanka. Their prime ministers would meet during a South Asian summit starting Jul 29.
    (SFC, 6/24/98, p.A12)

1998        Jul 3, In Indian-held Kashmir Pakistani shelling forced over 2,000 villagers to flee and 7 people were reported killed in Dawar.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.A11)

1998        Jul 5, The government announced that it would ban all lotteries.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A9)

1998        Jul 23, Russia planned to sell its Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier to India for some $2 billion. The ship was launched in 1982 as the Baku.
    (SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)

1998        Jul 31, Talks between India and Pakistan broke down following border fighting in Kashmir that killed 50 people.
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A10)

1998        Aug 3, In India 34 villagers were killed in Himachal Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A12)

1998        Aug 5, In India 18 people were killed under artillery fire in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A14)

1998        Aug 10, Fighting in Kashmir resumed and 19 people were reported killed in battles between Indian security forces and Pakistan-backed separatist rebels.
    (WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A1)

1998        Aug 17, India outlawed the use of quinacrine to sterilize women due to its suspected effects as a carcinogen.
    (WSJ, 8/18/98, p.A1)

1998        Aug 18, A flash flood swept up some 100 Hindu pilgrims in Uttar Pradesh. 182 people were feared dead.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.C16)

1998        Aug 20, 30,000 people were evacuated from 2 river valleys as landslides continued and the number of dead increased to about 300.
    (WSJ, 8/21/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 4, Flooding and mudslides in India was reported to have killed over 2,000 this year.
    (WSJ, 9/4/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 19, In Pakistani controlled Kashmir Indian artillery fire killed 9 people and wounded 11 others over the last 2 days.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A17)

1998        Sep 23, In Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said that he would sign the nuclear test ban treaty within the year. Sharif also met with Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee of India and agreed to resume talks on Kashmir.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 14, Amartya K. Sen, a researcher from India, won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work in exploring the causes of poverty and famine. He had just left Harvard Univ. to take over Trinity College in Cambridge, England.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)

1998        Nov 6, Pres. Clinton decided to lift most of the sanctions against India and Pakistan for their nuclear tests in May, as a reward for steps taken toward nuclear control agreements.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)

1998        Nov 10, India and Pakistan negotiated disputes as 3 Indian soldiers were killed in border fire across the Kashmir cease-fire line.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.D6)

1998        Nov 25, State elections were held in Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Mizoram. Polls predicted a setback for the ruling BJP.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B3)

1998        Nov 26, In the Punjab state of India a passenger train derailed near Khanna in the path of an express train in the northwest and at least 211 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B5)(WSJ, 11/27/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/99)

1998        Nov 28, From India it was reported that cyclone 07B caused the evacuation of over 100,000 people in West Bengal and that some 100 fisherman were missing.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A4)

1998        Dec 20, Bangalore Venkata Raman, a respected astrologer, died at age 86. He founded the Astrological Magazine in 1936. He wrote some 200 books on the impact of celestial bodies on human events.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.B6)

1998        The book "Father India: How Encounters with an Ancient Culture Transformed the Modern West" was written by Jeffery Paine.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.)
1998        The India Bollywood film "Dil Se" opened in the US.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, DB p.54)
1998        The film "The Red Doors" was written and directed by Indian poet-novelist Buddhadeb Dasgupta. It was about a Calcutta dentist who rethinks his self-absorbed life after his marriage collapses.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.E3)
1998        In India a Supreme court ruling made MPs immune from prosecution for bribery.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.48)
1998        The Lakireddy Bali Reddy College of Engineering in Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh was accredited and opened to 420 students with a $50,000 construction and maintenance donation from Lakireddy Bali Reddy.
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, p.A12)(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A26)
1998        Researchers in India enrolled 75,360 women to be screened every two years with a simple vinegar test. Another 76,178 women were chosen for a control. In 2013 it was reported that this low-tech visual exam cut the cervical cancer death rate by 31%.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

1999        Jan 10, In New Delhi 3 rich young men crashed into seven people standing along an empty street. They were charged with barreling down a street and hitting 3 police officers and 3 laborers while driving home after an all-night party in what became called the BMW case . In 2008 a court convicted Sanjeev Nanda (30), the son of a wealthy Indian arms dealer, of manslaughter and sentenced him to 5 years in prison. 3 other defendants faced charges of destroying evidence.
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.C5)(AP, 9/5/08)

1999        Jan 15, In southern India a stampede by Hindu pilgrims left 51 dead after a hill collapsed near the Sabarimala shrine.
    (WSJ, 1/15/99, p.A1)

1999        Jan 19, Indian and Pakistani troops clashed in Kashmir and 4 Pakistani soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/20/99, p.A1)

1999        Jan 22, In Manoharpur, India, Graham Stewart Staines (58), an Australian missionary, and his 2 sons (10 & 8) were burned to death by activists of the radical Bajrang Dal. Dara Singh led some 30 men in the attack. Singh was captured in Jan 2000. In 2003 Mahendra Hembram (23), a security guard, stood by the statement he gave in a lower court in 2002 that he burned the missionary's jeep, killing the missionary and young sons as they slept. In 2003 13 men were convicted for the murders. A trial court later sentenced Dara Singh to death but in 2011 it was reduced to life in prison on appeal.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A14)(SFC, 2/2/00, p.A17)(AP, 3/24/03)(AP, 9/15/03)(AP, 1/21/11)

1999        Jan 23, It was reported that cold weather had killed 15 more people in the last 3 weeks in Uttar Pradesh. Cold related conditions were responsible for some 150 deaths across India.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)

1999        Jan 24, In India police arrested 47 members of a Hindu militant group in Orissa state for the burning of Graham Staines and his 2 sons.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A7)

1999        Jan, Tata Motors, known at this time as Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (Telco), launched the Tata Indica, a modern hatchback car with a diesel engine. It was styled by IDEA in Italy.
    (Econ, 11/15/08, SR p.9)

1999        Feb 1, In India officials agreed to sign a nuclear test ban if economic sanctions are lifted.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.A7)

1999        Feb 5, Ashok Jain, owner of the Times of India, died at age 65. He was also a managing trustee of the Bharatiya Jnanpith, an organization for the promotion of writing in Indian languages and whose award is the most prestigious in India.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A21)

1999        Feb 11, In India a private army of upper-caste landlords shot and killed 12 low-caste villagers in Bihar.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A18)

1999        Feb 12, Pres. K.R. Narayanan dismissed the state government of Bihar due to the recent killings.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A5)

1999        Feb 20, Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee of India rode to Pakistan by bus to meet with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for 2 days of talks.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A17)

1999        Feb 21, In Pakistan PM Atal Behari Vajpayee of India and Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif signed documents and a joint statement to reduce the risk of nuclear war and to resolve conflicts in Kashmir. The diplomatic journey inaugurated the first regular bus service between the two nations.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A8)(AP, 8/16/18)

1999        Feb, The Pakistan Army began to re-occupy the posts it had abandoned on its side of the Line of Control in the Kargil region, but also sent forces to occupy some posts on the Indian side of the LOC. Pakistani army chief Gen. Musharaff sent troops there without informing PM Nawaz Sharif.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.46)

1999        cMar 7, An Antonov 32 Indian air force plane crashed near New Delhi airport killing all 18 onboard and 3 people on the ground.
    (WSJ, 3/8/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 9, The UN announced a program for India to set up schools in the eastern Punjab to get children out of the carpet weaving industry. The US planned to contribute $2 million to the $2.9 million program.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A13)

1999        Mar 14, In India a fire swept a New Delhi shantytown and at least 22 people were killed in the Vijay Ghat district.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.A9)

1999        Mar 16, The first passenger bus service between India and Pakistan was scheduled to begin.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, p.A22)

1999        Mar 18, In India 35 upper-caste villagers of Senari in Bihar state were killed by members of the Maoist Communist Center.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)

1999        Mar 29, In India at least 51 people were killed following a 6.8 earthquake in the Kumaon Hills in Uttar Pradesh. The quake struck just after midnight and the death toll rose to at least 87. The toll was raised to 110 at Chamoli on the Alaknanda River.
    (SFC, 3/29/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 3/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)(SFC, 3/31/99, p.A10)

1999        Apr 11, India tested a new missile with a 1,250 mile range.
    (SFC, 4/12/99, p.A12)

1999        Apr 17, In India the Hindu nationalist government lost a vote of confidence by one vote. Prime Minister Vajpayee gave his resignation to Pres. Narayanan but agreed to stay on until a new government was formed. Sonia Gandhi of the opposition Congress Party was to form the new government. Jayaram Jayalalitha of the All-India Anna Dravida Munetra Kazagham Party broke the coalition headed by the Bharatiya Janata Party.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A1,19)

1999        Apr 19, India and Bangladesh border guards had a shootout that left 6 people dead and 60 wounded.
    (WSJ, 4/20/99, A1)

1999        Apr 22, In eastern India upper-caste landlords, members of the Ranbir Sena militia, killed 12 Dalits (oppressed ones or broken people) in the village of Sindani. It was believed to be a retaliation for the Mar 18 massacre in Bihar.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.D3)

1999        Apr 24, In India high temperatures over the past week in several states killed at least 40 people with 28 dead in Orissa.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A15)

1999        Apr 26, In India Pres. Narayanan dissolved the lower house of Parliament in order to call for new elections.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)

1999        Apr 29, In India Jessica Lall, a young New Delhi bartender, was shot and killed by Manu Sharma (24), after she refused him a drink at closing time. On Feb 21, 2006, Sharma the son of a powerful and wealthy politician with interests in sugar mills, and 8 friends were acquitted. Protesters took to the streets, holding candlelight vigils and waving signs calling for justice; officials from the president to the capital's police chief called for a review of the investigation. Courts convicted Sharma in 2006 and sentenced him to life in prison. In 2011 the Hindi film “No One Killed Jessica" was based on this story.
    (AP, 3/10/06)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.96)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Jessica_Lall)

1999        Apr 30, In New Delhi Jessica Lal (34), a former model and bartender, was shot and killed by a gunman identified as Manu Sharma (24), son of politician and hotel chain owner Vinod Sharma.
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.C5)

1999        May 17, In India Sonia Gandhi stepped down as president of the Congress Party after several party leaders complained of her Italian birth.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.C12)

1999        May 20, In Pakistan a cyclone struck the Arabian Sea coast and left an estimated 700 people missing, many of whom were presumed dead. Residents said that as many as 3,500 people were missing. Some 92 bodies of Indians were recovered from the cyclone that hit the Pakistani coast by May 27. The number of bodies of Indian fisherman found reached 278 on Jun 2.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.A13)(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A16)(SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)

1999        May 24, In India Sonia Gandhi decided to withdraw her resignation as president of the Congress Party.
    (SFC, 5/25/99, p.A6)

1999        May 24, Guru Hanuman (99), wrestling teacher, died from a car accident in Rithani. He had established 1200 wrestling centers in India.
    (SFC, 5/26/99, p.C8)

1999        May 25, India launched air strikes in the disputed mountains of the Kargil and Drass regions of Kashmir against suspected Pakistani infiltrators. Gen Musharraf was later identified as the architect of Pakistan’s (July) Kargil campaign.
    (SFC, 5/26/99, p.C2)(SFC, 5/27/99, p.A13)(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A14)

1999        May 26, India launched a rocket carrying South Korean and German satellites into orbit.
    (WSJ, 5/27/99, p.A1)

1999        May 27, India lost 2 fighter jets, a MiG-21 and a MiG-27, to Pakistani fire on the Pakistani side of Kashmir. Pakistan promised to return one dead pilot and to hold the other as hostage.
    (SFC, 5/28/99, p.A12)
1999        May 27, Some 92 bodies were recovered from the cyclone that hit the Pakistani coast on May 20. The bodies of 278 Indian fisherman were found Jun 2 on the western coast.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)

1999        May 28, In the Kashmir border conflict Muslim guerrillas shot down an Indian helicopter and 4 Indian soldiers were killed. Pakistan offered to hold peace talks with India.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.A10)(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        May 30, In Kashmir Indian fighter jets pounded militants in the Kargil sector for the 5th day.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        May 31, India agreed to hold talks with Pakistan over Kashmir, but there was no let up in the Indian offensive against guerrillas.
    (SFC, 6/1/99, p.A8)

1999        Jun 1, Pakistani authorities said 10 school children were killed by an Indian artillery shell that his a school near the Line of Control dividing India and Pakistan in Kashmir. India claimed to have killed 470 Muslim fighters and Pakistani soldiers. In Kargil Pakistani forces shelled for the 26th consecutive day.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.C2)

1999        Jun 2, In Kashmir Islamic guerrillas rejected India's offer of safe passage out of the battle zone.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)

1999        Jun 3, Pakistan freed Indian fighter pilot, Flight Lt. Nachiketa, as a good will gesture.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.D2)

1999        Jun 5, India rejected proposed talks with Pakistan for Jun 7 as inconvenient. Indian Gen'l. Chopra estimated 200 intruders had been killed and said 54 Indian soldiers were killed.
    (SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A22)

1999        Jun 6, India resumed air strikes in Kashmir as troops pushed back guerrillas occupying disputed territory.
    (SFC, 6/7/99, p.A11)

1999        Jun 8, India and Pakistan agreed to hold talks on Kashmir Jun 11, while India continued airstrikes and a ground offensive.
    (WSJ, 6/8/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 9, The Pakistan army handed over to India the bodies of 6 severely mutilated Indian soldiers.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.C4)

1999        Jun 12, It was reported that all 15,000 glaciers of the Himalayas were melting at an alarming rate and that torrential floods in Northern India could result over the next 40 years.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A11)

1999        Jun 12, India and Pakistan met for talks on Kashmir with little success as each blamed the other for the insurgency.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

1999        Jun 13, Pakistan accused India of using chemical weapons in its Kashmir offensive, as India claimed to have captured a key mountain peak.
    (WSJ, 6/14/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 16, Pakistan admitted deep involvement on the Kashmir border war with India.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)

1999        Jun 18, It was reported that the black sands of Kergala on the Arabian Sea contained such radioactive materials as thorium, uranium and monazite. The incidence of cancer in the region was reported to be the same as the rest of the state with 300 new cases per year.
    (SFC, 6/18/99, p.D2)

1999        Jun 21, Indian soldiers cleared Islamic guerrillas from a 2nd Kashmir mountain outpost, Point 5203, and killed at least 10 guerrillas.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)

1999        Jun 26, Pakistan gave tacit admission that its fighters were involved in the Kashmir region against Indian forces. India claimed to have lost 5 men and that 4 infiltrators were killed. Islamabad claimed that an offensive was repulsed and that 12 Indian soldiers were killed.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A23)

1999        Jun 29, In Kashmir Indian fighters raided 13 guerrilla positions at Point 4700 and at least 40 people were killed, 25 of them Indians.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 2, The Pakistani army reported that 58 Kashmiri civilians had been killed and 158 wounded over the last 2 month by Indian shelling.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 4, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif met with Pres. Clinton and announced that it would abandon its seized positions in Kashmir. Meanwhile India claimed a victory at Tiger Hill.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A8)

1999        Jul 6, In Kashmir fighting continued despite a US-Pakistan pact to push for peace. India reported 55 mercenaries killed along with 9 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 10, In India the prime minister said most of the Pakistani soldiers had been cleared out of the Indian side of Kashmir.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A26)

1999        Jul 11, In India and Pakistan top commanders agreed to the withdrawal of Islamic militants from Kashmir along with a complete cease fire.
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 1, Nirad C. Chaudhuri (b.1897), Indian-born author and scholar, died at age 101 in Oxford, England.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 8/10/99, p.A24)

1999        Aug 2, In India the Brahmputra Mail train from Gauhati collided with the Awadh-Assam Express from New Delhi at Gaisan Station. Over 285 people were killed and a 1000 injured. A faulty switch was suspected.
     (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(SFC, 8/4/99, p.A9)(SFC, 8/5/99, p.A14)(AP, 2/18/04)

1999        Aug 4, In Kashmir 4 days of fighting left at least 50 people dead including 32 militants and 7 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)

1999        Aug 10, An Indian jet shot down a Pakistani naval reconnaissance plane over the disputed Sir Creek area. All 16 people in the plane were killed.

1999        Aug 14, Separatist rebels in India killed at least 7 people in Kashmir and Assam attacks on Pakistan Independence Day.
    (WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 17, Pakistan said 6 soldiers and 2 civilians were killed in shelling by India.
    (WSJ, 8/18/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug, The population of India crossed the 1 billion mark.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)

1999        Sep 1, In Kashmir Pakistani soldiers attacked Indian posts over the last 2 days and left 22 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A16)

1999        Sep 5, In India month long staggered elections for a new parliament began. 6 party activists were killed on the 1st day of elections. India had 543 parliamentary districts.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A14)(SFC, 9/6/99, p.A13)(SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A22)

1999        Sep 11, In India violence was reported across the country as 77 million people chose members of parliament in the 2nd part of a staggered 5 day poll. In Maharashtra state Sharad Leve of the opposition National Congress was killed in an attack by 30 BJP activists in Satara.
    (SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A10)

1999        Sep 18, In India poll violence left 44 people dead.
    (WSJ, 9/20/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 25, In India 2 government ministers were arrested in Bihar and 4 people were killed amid reports of large-scale election fraud during the 4th round of voting.
    (SFEC, 9/26/99, p.A26)

1999        Sep 26, In India separatist guerrillas of the National Liberation Front of Tripura ambushed and killed 8 soldiers in the northeastern Dhalai district of Tripura.
    (SFC, 9/27/99, p.A18)

1999        Sep, In Orissa state Catholic Father Arul Doss was shot with arrows and beaten to death.
    (SFC, 11/6/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 1, It was reported that the Royal Bengal tigers of India had declined from some 40,000 in 1900 to as few as 2,500. The government estimated 5,500.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A15)

1999        Oct 2, In India 6 people, including 4 police personnel, were killed as national elections began in Tripura state.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A23)

1999        Oct 3, In India the elections ended and the Bharatiya Janata Party under PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee was expected to return to power with an alliance of 21 other parties. The BJP was expected to gain 34 seats to 287. The BJP won a projected 296 of 545 seats. The Congress Party won 114 seats.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/8/99, p.A1)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.45)

1999        Oct 18, Mahanambrata Brahmachari, a Hindu scholar, died in Calcutta at age 95. He influenced the Catholic monk Thomas Merton.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A26)

1999        Oct 19, In eastern India residents of the state of Orissa cleaned up after a cyclone killed at least 79 people and injured over 1000.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)

1999        Oct 25, In Kashmir Indian troops killed 4 Pakistani soldiers with artillery and small arms in the mountainous Uri sector.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)

1999        Oct 29, In eastern India hundreds of people in Orissa state and the Bay of Bengal region were feared dead from 05B, the 2nd cyclone in 2 weeks. The number of dead was estimated to reach 3,000 and 1.5 million people were homeless. The official dead toll reached 924 on Nov 4. At least 8,000 people were killed around the port city of Paradeep, where the storm made first landfall. The death toll was predicted to climb past 10,000. 9,813 death were recorded and the government stopped free rice distribution after about 3 weeks.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A14)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.D4)(SFC, 11/6/99, p.A24)(SFC, 11/10/99, p.A11)(SFC, 11/25/99, p.D6)

1999        Nov 2, In India the death toll mounted from the cyclone in Orissa state with disease, lawlessness and vandalism on the rise. There was no power in the capital of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack was in ruins.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C2)

1999        Nov 3, Kashmiri guerrillas killed an army major and 5 others at Indian army headquarters in Srinagar.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)

1999         Nov 5, Pope John Paul II began a 3 day visit to New Delhi, India.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/5/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 6, During his visit to India, Pope John Paul the Second praised Christian missionaries and exhorted his bishops to spread the Christian message across Asia.
    (AP, 11/6/00)

1999        Nov 11, In India a bomb exploded on a passenger train traveling from Jammu to New Delhi and 14 people were killed with 50 injured.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)

1999        Nov 15, In India at least 18 people were reported killed in Panchabatin village in the state of Tripura by separatist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)

1999        Nov 19, In Hyderabad, India (Reuters), an outbreak of Japanese encephalitis has killed 133 people, all of them children, in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, health officials said after reporting 10 new deaths.
    (Excite, 11/20/99)

1999        Dec 14, In Jammu-Kashmir, India, at least 6 people were killed in clashes between secessionist guerrillas and security forces.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)

1999        Dec 24, In Nepal 5 Sikh men, members of the Kashmir Harakut ul-Mujahedin, hijacked an Indian Airlines A-300 Airbus with 189 people onboard. After 3 stops for refueling it landed in Kandahar, Afghanistan, where it was surrounded by Taliban militia. 26 passengers were released in Dubai. They called for the release of Maulana Massood Azhar, a Pakistani religious leader and other Kashmiri militants. They later raised their demands to $200 million, the release of 35 jailed guerrillas and the exhumation of a dead comrade buried in India. [see Dec 29]
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/29/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/14/01, p.A5)

1999        Roberto Calasso's work "Ka: Stories of the Mind and Gods of India" was translated to English by Tim Parks. Calasso, head of the Milan publishing house Adelphi, also authored "The Marriage of Cadmus and Harmony" and "The Ruin of Kasch."
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.8)

1999        Arundhati Roy authored her essay "The Greater Common Good," which argued that big dams take water, land and irrigation away from the poor and benefit the rich.
    (SFC, 1/17/02, p.A9)

1999        The historical drama film "Earth" starred Aamir Khan, Nandita Das and Maia Sethna and was written and directed by Deepa Mehta. It was set in the time of Indian independence.
    (SFC, 9/24/99, p.C3)

1999        In Gujarat state 51 Christian churches and prayer halls were burned to the ground over a period of weeks.
    (SFC, 11/6/99, p.A10)

1999        The Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation was set up, mainly on China’s initiative. It aimed at greater integration of trade and investment between the four countries.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, SR p.9)

1999-2008    India grew at an average annual rate of 7.3%.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)

2000        Jan 4, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 13 people and a horse were blown up in an explosion set by insurgents in a vegetable market used by Indian troops.
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A10)

2000        Jan 10, India agreed to dismantle its largest single barrier to agriculture, textile and consumer product imports in a deal negotiated with the US. India agreed to lift over 1,400 specific restrictions, half of which would be implemented within 3 months.
    (WSJ, 1/10/00, p.A2)

2000        Feb, Alla Rakha, the world's best known tabla player, died in Bombay at age 80 just hours after the death of his daughter, Razia (51).
    (WSJ, 2/9/00, p.A24)

2000        Feb 10, In Jammu-Kashmir a train explosion killed at least 5 people. In northern Kashmir gunmen burst into 2 homes in Pattan village and killed 6 people with 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 2/11/00, p.D2)

2000        Feb 18, In Kashmir a land mine killed 10 police officers in Tral. Another 6 were seriously wounded. Militants for independence or union with Pakistan claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)

2000        Feb 25, Pakistan accused India that soldier had crossed the border of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir and killed 14 civilians.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Feb 27, India claimed that Pakistani soldiers had crossed the cease-fire line and killed one Indian officer and 6 other soldiers. Police reported that separatist rebels killed a public-works minister and 4 others with a remote-controlled device in Assam
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Feb 29, In India the government announced a 28.2% increase in military spending, tax increase on higher income people and cuts in government payroll.
    (SFC, 3/1/00, p.A13)

2000        Mar 5, In India supporters of the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) went on a rampage in Patna after their party was dislodged from elections in Bihar ed by the National Democratic Alliance. 2 people died and thousands were jailed.
    (SFC, 3/6/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar 19, Pres. Clinton arrived in India for the start of a 6 day trip.
    (WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)

2000        Mar 20, In Kashmir gunmen massacred 35 Sikhs in Chati Sionghpura Mattan.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar 21, Pres. Clinton began a 5 day stay in India. India rejected his call for further curbs in the nuclear program.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A14)(SFC, 3/22/00, p.A11)

2000        Apr 4, In India 532 rebels of the United Liberation Front of Assam turned in their weapons and gave up their struggle for independence. Some 2000 fighters still remained in the jungles of Assam. Over 5,000 people had been killed in the front’s campaign since 1979.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)

2000        Apr 25, In India it was reported that some 50 million people faced severe drought in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A12)

2000        Apr, In India an explosion at a weapon’s dump in the Rajasthan desert killed 2 soldiers and destroyed $90 million of ammunition. It was blamed on unkept long grass that had caught fire.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.66)

2000        Jun 17, Upper-class militia stormed Miapur village in Bihar state and massacred 34 women, children and old men. The attack was in retribution for the murder of 12 upper-caste farmers five days earlier, which in turn was preceded by the murder of 5 low-caste Yadavs. Police later arrested 11 landlord-paid militiamen.
    (SFEC, 6/18/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/19/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun, In India two bombs were set off at crowded shopping area near the Red Fort, a massive 17th-century sandstone palace in New Delhi. Two people died in the blasts. On Jan 1, 2010, three Pakistani men, convicted of the bombing, escaped from custody shortly before they were to be deported.
    (AP, 1/3/10)

2000        Jul 4, The Cabinet rejected a demand for political autonomy by the Kashmir state legislature.
    (SFC, 7/5/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 12, In India at least 71 people were killed after part of Balbati Hill collapsed in eastern Bombay. The death toll from monsoon rains over 2 days reached 135 for Maharashtra and Gujarat states.
    (SFC, 7/13/00, p.C4)(SFC, 7/14/00, p.D2)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 17, In India an Alliance Air Boeing 737 jet with 58 people caught fire and crashed into two homes just before landing at Patna airport. 7 people survived and another 4 were killed on the ground. A total of 56 people were killed on board and on the ground.
    (SFC, 7/17/00, p.A15)(SFC, 7/18/00, p.A12)(AP, 7/17/01)

2000        Jul 30, In Kashmir a Pakistan-based rebel group opposed to a cease-fire attacked Indian security forces and killed at least 3 soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)
2000        Jul 30, In Tamil Nadu film star Rajkumar and 3 companions were kidnapped by Veerappan and his gang. Veerappan was accused of killing at least 130 police officers and had eluded capture for 18 years. On Aug 6 the governments of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka agreed to meet rebel the kidnapper’s demands.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A11)(SFC, 8/7/00, p.A14)

2000        Jul, The "Kaun Banega Crorepati" TV show (Who Wants To Be a 10 Millionaire) began based on the American Millionaire show. Amitabh Bachchan (58) served as the host with the top prize of 10 million rupees ($230,000).
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.G4)

2000        Aug 2, In Kashmir the death toll from guerrilla attacks climbed to 101.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 2, In India rain in Tibet flooded the Sutlej River in India and drowned at least 107 people in Himachal Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 8, In northeastern Assam state flash floods and mudslides left at least 80 people dead and 2 million homeless.
    (SFC, 8/9/00, p.A14)

2000          Aug 14, In India a train bombing in Uttar Pradesh killed 7 people and injured dozens. Pakistani agents were blamed.
    (WSJ, 8/15/00, p.A1)

2000        Aug 17, India opened its first fashion show in Mumbai, Lakme India Fashion Week.

2000        Aug 21, In Kashmir Muslim guerrillas used booby traps to kill 5 Indian soldiers, while Indian security forces killed 8 people believed to be part of the separatist movement. Indian shelling into the Pakistani controlled side killed a man and an 8-year-old girl. In Jachil Dhara guerrilla set explosives killed an Indian general and a colonel.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 24, It was reported that 49 people were killed following torrential rains in Andhra Pradesh.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)
2000        Aug 24, India and Pakistan traded accusations over a clash in Kashmir. India claimed that 10 Pakistani fighters were killed, while Pakistan said 2 were killed.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)

2000        Sep 6, In India the Defense Research Laboratory (DRL) located in Tezpur, Assam, published a report stating that it had achieved a new world record of 855,000 SHU (Scoville heat units) obtained from a Naga Jolokia (bhut jolokia) pepper. Seeds were brought to the US for testing and in the Fall of 2006 Professor Paul Bosland of NMSU succeeded in testing the chili. The Bhut Jolokia was confirmed as the world record holder by Guinness, and in February, 2007 it was official.

2000        Sep 17, In India 7 people were killed after police opened fire in Ahmadabad in Gujarat state following mob violence during municipal elections.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)

2000        Sep 18, Rain and melting snow began to force the overflow of rivers such as the Ganges, Hoogly, Bhagirathi and others.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.A20)

2000        Sep 21, In West Bengal the release of water from 2 dams left tens of thousands of people stranded. Floods following torrential rains killed at least 59 people.
    (WSJ, 9/22/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 24, In India 6 days of rain left 370 people dead or missing.
    (WSJ, 9/25/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 28, Some 1,000 people were killed following 10 days of torrential rains.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.A20)

2000        Oct 1, In India officials in West Bengal state said 997 people had died due to flooding over the past 3 weeks. 45 people were reported killed in Bangladesh.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A14)

2000        Oct 23, In India at least 16 people were killed in 2 attacks in Assam state. Police blamed the United Liberation Front of Asom. Over 10,000 people have been killed since the group began its campaign 2 decades ago. [see Apr 4, 2000]
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov 1, In central India Chhattisgarh state formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood.

2000        Nov 2, In India Irom Chanu Sharmila, a poet known as the “Iron Lady," began a fast unto death as a protest to the killing of 10 Manipuris by paramilitary troops. To end her fast she demanded the repeal of the Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA), which has allowed the army to detain, and sometimes kill, north-easterners with impunity.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.43)

2000        Nov 6, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee (b.1944), poet and playwright, became the chief minister of India’s West Bengal state.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.74)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhadeb_Bhattacharya)
2000        Nov 6 In India a mob of Sunnis attacked Shiites in the market area of Mubarakpur in Uttar Pradesh state and 13 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)

2000        Nov 7, Chidambaram Subramaniam, the political architect of India’s "green revolution," died at age 90. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s highest civilian prize, in 1998.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A26)

2000        Nov 9, In India Uttarakhand state was carved out of Himalayan and adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh, becoming the 27th state of the Republic of India.

2000        Nov 13, In India about 1000 people demonstrated in New Delhi against the building of some 3,000 dams across the Narmada Valley and 3 Indian states.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A17)

2000        Nov 15, In India the state of Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar state.
2000        Nov 15, The bandit Veerappan released the movie idol Rajkumar (72) after 109 days.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A15)

2000        Nov 19, India announced a 1-month unilateral cease-fire in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A9)

2000        Nov 22, In Kashmir Islamic militants assaulted 2 Indian military positions and killed several soldiers. 3 militants were also reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)

2000        Nov 28, In Kashmir Muslim separatists attacked Indian forces and 12 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A18)

2000        Dec 2, Two trains collided at Sarai Banjara in the Punjab and at least 46 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.E2)

2000        Dec 4, The Indian military was attacked twice by suspected Islamic guerrillas and at least 5 people were killed. In Kashmir a bus carrying police officers fell into a gorge at Baithi Chashma in the Donda district and at least 27 officers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000        Dec 4, Pakistan said it won’t insist to being party to Indian peace talks with Kashmiri separatists but that it must be a party to the final settlement.
    (WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 7, Indigenous rebels massacred 30 Hindi-speaking people in Assam state.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.T10)

2000        Dec 20, India and Pakistan took steps to reduce tensions in Kashmir. India extended its cease-fire and Pakistan announced a partial troop withdrawal.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)

2000        Dec 22, Separatists attacked the Red Fort in New Delhi and 3 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 25,  In Kashmir a car bomb went off in Indian controlled Srinagar and 8 people were killed with 23 injured. The Pakistan-based rebel groups Jamaat-ul Mujahedeen and Jaish-e-Mohammad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)(WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec, India’s National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) made controversial findings in the Gulf of Cambay, also known as the Gulf of Khambhat. The structures and artifacts discovered by NIOT claimed the existence of submerged city-like structures dating to 7500 BC.

2000        The book "India: A Mosaic," was edited by Robert B. Silvers and Barbara Epstein.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, BR p.3)
2000        Kaushik Basu (b.1952), an Indian economist at Cornell Univ., authored “Prelude to Political Economy." In Dec. 2009 he became the chief economic advisor to India’s finance ministry.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaushik_Basu)
2000        The Sardar Sarovar Dam project was resumed following a Supreme court ruling. Construction had halted in 1995 with the dam at 263 feet. The final height was to be 452 feet. 500,000 people were expected to be displaced.
    (SFC, 1/17/02, p.A9)
2000        India converted 8 export processing zones, which dated back to 1965, to special economic zones (SEZs), where streamlined procedures, tax breaks and good infrastructure lured investors to export oriented industries.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.45)
2000        In India lawmaker Shibu Soren led a movement that culminated in the new eastern state of Jharkhand being hived off from Bihar. His people, the impoverished indigenous forest-dwelling tribe members known as Adivasis, occupied the lowest rungs of India's complex social ladder, but formed a majority.
    (AP, 12/7/06)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.48)
2000        Arun Shourie, a former journalist, was appointed minister of disinvestment and assigned to sell off some 250 state-owned companies.
    (WSJ, 1/9/04, p.A1)
2000        Indiabulls, a security firm in Mumbai, was founded by 3 Indian engineers. The company went public in Sep. 2004.
    (Econ, 8/27/05, p.57)
2000        India’s Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), under Dhirubhai Ambani, opened one of the world’s largest refineries in Gujarat.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.66)
2000        India’s Tata Tea took over Britain’s Tetley Group for $450 million.
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.75)
2000        Caroline Boudreaux of Louisiana started The Miracle Foundation as a typical international adoption agency for children in India. The adoption process was slow and cumbersome so she entered into a partnership with an organization in India to build orphanages from the ground up. In 2009 she hired Elizabeth Davis, a veteran entrepreneur in Austin’s tech world, to be the organization’s chief operating officer and together they built a system for finding existing orphanages that were willing to partner with The Miracle Foundation.
    (CSM, 2/26/15)

2000-2015    Mauritius accounted for around $94 billion, or nearly 34 percent, of foreign direct investment in India.
    (AP, 5/11/16)

2001        Jan 3, On the India-Pakistan border 4 Indian soldiers and 2 civilians were killed at the border post of Arhayee Mandi.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A12)

2001        Jan 4, India test flew its 1st locally developed jet fighter.
    (WSJ, 1/05/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 9, The Mahakumbha Mela (Pitcher Festival), the world’s largest religious festival, opened in Allahabad at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati rivers. The festival dated back to the 10th century and 65 million people were expected.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.T3)(SSFC, 1/14/01, p.D8)

2001        Jan 16, In Kashmir 11 people died when militants attacked the airport at Srinagar. The Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba guerrillas claimed responsibility. The group was later banned in Pakistan but reappeared under the name Jamaat-ud-Dawa.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.39)

2001        Jan 23, India extended its cease-fire in Kashmir for a 3rd month.
    (WSJ, 1/24/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 26, A 7.9 (7.7) earthquake hit India and Pakistan as India prepared to celebrate Republic Day. It was an intraplate earthquake along a thrust fault 300 miles south of the boundary between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian Plates. Some 20,000-50,000 people were killed and over 14,000 injured across Gujarat state. 10 people were reported killed in Pakistan. The quake caused an underground river, either the Saraswati or Indus, to reappear that had disappeared in a 19th century quake. [see Jan 31]
    (SFC, 1/26/01, p.A16)(SFC, 1/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/01, p.D8)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)

2001        Jan 31, The death count from the 7.7 earthquake reached 12,000 and an additional 13,000 were believed still buried. The final death count was set to 15,537 in June.
    (SFC, 2/1/01, p.A9)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)

2001        Jan, At least 10,000 monkeys occupied government offices in New Delhi, where they shredded documents and threatened workers.
    (SFC, 1/13/01, p.D8)

2001        Feb 1, The earthquake death toll estimates rose to between 35-50 thousand with injuries to over 60,000. the damages in Gujarat state were estimated at $4.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 6, In India the Cipla Ltd. Corp. of Bombay offered to supply triple-therapy anti-AIDS cocktails to Doctors Without Borders in Africa for $350 per year per patient.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A12)

2001        Feb 22, India extended a Kashmir cease-fire.
    (WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 12, Bangaru Laxman, president of the Bharatiya Janata Party, resigned following video taped images of bribery. In 2012 he was jailed for four years for accepting a bribe to swing a fake arms deal in a media sting operation.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.C12)(AFP, 4/28/12)

2001        Mar 15, Defense minister George Fernandes resigned in a corruption scandal.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)

2001        cMar 19, Hindu fundamentalist burned a Koran in Delhi to protest the Afghan destruction of Buddhist statues.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.T12)

2001        cMar 20, Police clashed with Muslims in Kanpur and 14 people were killed. The Muslims protested the Koran burning in Delhi.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.T12)

2001        cMar 21, Hindu nationalists desecrated a mosque in Amritsar and burned copies of the Koran to protest the Afghan destruction of Buddhist statues
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.T12)

2001        Mar 22, A massive police alert was issued following unrest in Amritsar.
    (WSJ, 3/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 29, A power plant cooling tower collapsed and 6 workers were killed at Parvada.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A19)

2001        Apr 1, In New Delhi a court order for cleaner fuel use forced thousands of buses and taxis off the streets and thousands of commuters became stranded.
    (WSJ, 4/3/01, p.A16)

2001        Apr 11, In northern India 8 Islamic separatists and 2 government soldiers were killed in gun battles in Jammu and Kashmir.
    (SFC, 4/12/01, p.C2)

2001        Apr 18, Border fighting between Bangladesh and India left 16 Indian and 2 Bangladeshi soldiers dead.
    (WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 18, India launched a rocket carrying a communications satellite.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.A11)

2001        May 10, In India millions voted in legislative elections in 5 states (Assam, West Bengal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry) and clashes left 16 people dead. Opposition parties won landslide victories in the 5 state legislatures.
    (SFC, 5/11/01, p.D8)(SFC, 5/14/01, p.A12)

2001        May 13, Author R.K. Narayan died at age 94 in Madras. His work included 34 novels and hundreds of short stories.
    (SFC, 5/14/01, p.B2)

2001        May 15, Gunmen killed 3 Catholic priests at Ngarian in Manipur state.
    (SFC, 5/17/01, p.C4)

2001        May 23, India called off a 6-month cease-fire in Kashmir and at the same time invited Pakistan’s military leader to visit and discuss how to bring peace to the region.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C2)

2001        May 29, Pakistan accepted India’s offer for peace talks on Kashmir.
    (WSJ, 5/30/01, p.A1)

2001        May, India's Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Science and Technology division, Murli Manohar Joshi, announced that the ruins of an ancient civilization had been discovered off the coast of Gujarat. In Dec, 2000, India’s National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) made controversial findings in the Gulf of Cambay, also known as the Gulf of Khambhat. The structures and artifacts discovered by NIOT claimed the existence of submerged city-like structures dating to 7500 BC.

2001        Jun 4, Government troops battled Islamic rebels on 3 fronts and 23 people were killed. 4 civilians died when a grenade missed a paramilitary bunker and exploded at a crowded bus station.
    (SFC, 6/5/01, p.A14)

2001        Jun 18, Protesters burned down the legislature in northeastern Manipur state. Police shot and killed 11 protesters, who opposed a truce between the federal government and a separatist group. It was the 3rd day of a general strike.
    (SFC, 6/19/01, p.A9)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.T9)

2001        Jun 14, Sripati Chandrasekhar (83), former health minister and author, died in San Diego. His articles and 32 books included "American Aid and India’s Economic Development" (1965).
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A27)

2001        Jun, The Indian School of Business in Hyderabad was scheduled to open with 120 students. Founder Rajat Gupta intended the school to become a world-class institution.
    (WSJ, 3/23/00, p.A19)

2001        Jul 10, In Kashmir 25 people were killed as India pressed an offensive against Islamic insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Jul 14, Gen. Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan arrived in India for talks on Kashmir and other issues with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 15, Gen. Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan met with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee and talked on issues including, Kashmir, trade, terrorism and nuclear safeguards. They also agreed to continue discussions for a 2nd day.
    (SFC, 7/16/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 16, In India the leaders of Pakistan and India failed to reach an accord on their half-century dispute over Kashmir, ending a landmark three-day summit on a solemn note. They did agree to meet later in the year in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A6)(AP, 7/16/02)

2001        Jul 21, Sivaji Ganesan, actor, died at age 77 in Madras. He made his screen debut in the 1952 Tamil film "Parasakthi."
    (SFC, 7/24/01, p.A20)

2001        Jul 23, It was reported that flooding in India’s Orissa state had killed some 83 people and left over 600,000 stranded.
    (WSJ, 7/23/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/01, p.A9)

2001        Jul 25, India’s bandit queen, Phoolan Devi, was killed by masked gunmen in New Delhi. She had led a revolt against the abuse of low-class women and won a seat in parliament. Sher Singh Rana later confessed to the killing. 2 accomplices were later arrested.
    (WSJ, 7/26/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Jul 25-2001 Sep 23, A red rain fell sporadically in Kerala, India, during this period. A government study found that the rains had been colored by spores from a locally prolific aerial algae. In early 2006 the Keralan colored rains suddenly rose to worldwide attention after media reports of an extraordinary theory that the colored particles are extraterrestrial cells, proposed by Godfrey Louis and Santhosh Kumar of the Mahatma Gandhi University in Kottayam.

2001        Aug 4, Torrential rains and floods swept over Bihar state and at least 3 people were killed. Thousands were marooned.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)

2001        Aug 6, In Madras state a fire at the Badshaw asylum in Erwady killed 27 patients, many of who were chained to their beds.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A6)(SFC, 8/9/01, p.A9)

2001        Aug 14, It was reported that 15 wild elephants had died in Nameri National Park in Assam state from an unknown disease.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A7)

2001        Sep 8, In Kanpur, India, some 6,000 Dalits, converted to Buddhism.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B2)

2001        Sep 22, Pres. Bush lifted sanctions on India and Pakistan.
    (SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 27, In India the central government banned the Student’s Islamic Movement of India (SIMI). This triggered a day of riots and led to 4 deaths in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
    (WSJ, 10/1/01, p.A21)

2001        Oct 1, In Srinagar, capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a Pakistani-based suicide squad struck at the Legislative Assembly and 38 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A17)(AP, 10/1/06)

2001        Oct 2, India demanded that Pakistan shut down the Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of the Prophet Mohammad) militant group responsible for the Oct 1 attack in Srinagar that killed 40 people. India also asked the US to outlaw the group and to freeze its assets.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)

2001        Oct 15, India shelled Pakistani posts along their line in Jammu Kashmir for aiding Islamic militants. One woman was killed and 25 civilians wounded.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B1)

2001        Oct 27, In Kashmir Islamic rebels fought Indian troops in several areas and at least 21 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A20)

2001        Nov 2, In  Kashmir Indian forces killed at least 25 suspected Islamic militants who tried to cross over to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov 6, Russia clinched a deal to build a $2.6 billion nuclear-power plant in Kudunkulam, Tamil Nadu, India. India reiterated its intention of buying a Russian aircraft carrier, the Admiral Gorshkov, for the cost of retrofit estimated at $500 million, along with 2 squadrons of MiG-29C jet fighters.
    (WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A16)

2001        Nov 10, In Kashmir Indian forces battled suspected Islamic militants and 18 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 21, India border forces in Kashmir killed at least 12 suspected Islamic guerrillas trying to cross a cease-fire line with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)

2001        Dec 13, In India 5 gunmen and a suicide bomber tried to enter a gate at the parliament building in New Delhi. 6 policemen and the attackers were killed and 18 wounded. The Kashmiri Lashkar-e-Tayyaba separatist group was held responsible. The attack left 14 people dead. In 2006 Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri, was sentenced to death for his involvement in the conspiracy.
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/15/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A14)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.47)

2001        Dec 21, India recalled its top envoy from Pakistan and suspended bus and train service between the 2 countries.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 23, India troops moved closer to the Pakistani border and heavy fire was exchanged. 2 Indian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 23, Sri Lanka's Premier traveled to India to press for greater involvement in peace talks with the Tamil rebels.
    (WSJ, 12/24/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 25, India and Pakistan armies exchanged artillery fire in the mountains of Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 26, India deployed missile batteries and increased jet fighter patrols along its border with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 27, India banned Pakistan’s national airline from entering its airspace and ordered Pakistan to withdraw half of its diplomats from New Delhi. Pakistan followed suite.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(AP, 12/27/02)

2001        Stephen Cohen authored “India: Emerging Power."
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.94)
2001        Gurdharan Das authored "India Unbound," an examination of why India is so impoverished.
    (WSJ, 3/19/00, p.A19)
2001        Arundhati Roy authored "Power Politics." It covered dam development in India and included the role of Enron Corp. in Maharashtra state projects.
    (PP, 2001)
2001        The Indian film "Lagaan" (Land Tax) starred Aamir Khan (36), who also produced it. It was set in 1893 and focused on a cricket match between villagers and colonial masters over an unjust tax. It was the 1st Indian film to receive an Oscar nomination on 14 years.
    (WSJ, 3/27/02, p.A14)
2001        India’s film industry gained “industry status" allowing banks to lend to it.
    (Econ, 7/9/16, p.32)
2001        In India Ramesh Ramanathan and Swati Ramanathan, founded the Janaagraha Center for Citizenship and Democracy. It started as a movement to enable citizen participation in public governance and evolved into a robust institution for Citizenship and Democracy. In 2010 the center introduced the website http://ipaidabribe.com.
2001        Arun Shourie was appointed as India’s minister of disinvestment.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.68)
2001        In India the Children’s Development Bank was started by a children’s advocacy group led by Rita Panicker as a means for street kids in New Delhi in safely save their money. The idea spread across South Asia and by 2007 some 6,400 boys and girls in India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Nepal had accounts.
    (SSFC, 8/19/07, p.A17)
2001        In India Enron Corp. and other investors shut down the Dabhol Power in Maharashtra state after the state’s electricity authority fell $240 million behind in payments.
    (Econ, 5/1/04, p.66)
2001        A census in India reported that the Parsi population, also known as Zoroastrians, had declined to 69,601 from 76,382 a decade earlier. Their numbers worldwide were less than 200,00 with most in India and Iran.
    (WSJ, 2/6/06, p.A1)
2001        India changed the name of Calcutta to Kolkata.
    (SSFC, 10/29/06, p.G2)

2002        Jan 2, In India, Kashmir, militants detonated 2 grenades near the legislature killing 1 police officer and wounding at least 24. 2 soldiers were later killed by militants at an Indian military post in Darhal.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 2, Foreign ministers of India and Pakistan shook hands at a regional summit in Nepal.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 2, Anil Agarwal, founder and leader of India’s Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), died of cancer. Leadership passed to Sunita Narain.
    (www.cseindia.org/aboutus/anilji/anilji.htm)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.51)

2002        Jan 4, India reported the death of 15 soldiers and a number of civilians near Amritsar due to the mishandling of an ammunition filled truck.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A18)

2002        Jan 6, India shot down an unmanned Pakistani spy plane. Pres. Vajpayee met with PM Tony Blair in New Delhi.
    (SFC, 1/7/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 8, India and Pakistan traded fire on their Kashmir border.
    (WSJ, 1/9/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 13, Armed militants in Tripura state killed 16 and wounded 10 in the Singicherra area. The outlawed National Liberation Front of Tripura targeted Bengali immigrants.
    (SFC, 1/14/02, p.A6)

2002        Jan 21, In Kashmir 21 people died in violence.
    (WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 22, At least 4 police officers were killed when 2 gunmen opened fired at the American Center in Calcutta. 19 people were wounded. 3 Bangladeshis and 3 teachers from an Islamic school were later arrested and charged with murder. Gangster Aftab Ansari was later arrested in Dubai and said his motive was to punish police for killing his friend, Asif Raza Khan, last year. Harkat-ul Jihadi-e-Islami (HUJEI) was later implicated. In 2005 7 people were sentenced to death for the killings.
    (SFC, 1/22/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A4)(SFC, 1/24/02, p.A7)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A14)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)(AP, 4/27/05)

2002        Jan 24, India tested an intermediate-range Agni-II missile over the Bay of Bengal.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)

2002        Jan 25, Chinese PM Zhu Rongji visited Bangalore and said: You are number one in software, and we are number one in hardware. If Indian software and Chinese hardware work together, we can create a force that will be number one in the world.
    (SSFC, 1/27/02, p.A24)

2002        Feb 22, Pakistan complained over the US sale to India of surveillance radar, the AN/TPQ-36 Firefinder system.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A14)

2002        Feb 23, It was reported that 5 people were confirmed with plague in Himachal Pradesh.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A24)

2002        Feb 24, The BJP party was defeated in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Manipur and the new state of Uttaranchal. It retained control in only 4 of the 28 states.
    (SFC, 2/25/02, p.A7)

2002        Feb 27, In India Muslim attackers allegedly set fire to a train carrying Hindu nationalists and 58 were killed as the Sabarmati Express left Godhra in Gujarat state. Hindu nationalists went rampaging and at least 5 Muslims were killed in other towns. 3 months of rioting followed with some 2000 dead in revenge attacks. In 2005 a government panel said the fire was not set by a Muslim mob. Narendra Modi, chief minister of Gujarat, was later blamed for the violence. On Feb 22, 2011, 31 people were convicted on conspiracy and murder charges over the deadly train fire. On Feb 28, 2011, an Indian court handed 11 death sentences and 20 life terms to Muslims convicted of burning Hindus alive in the train fire.
    (SFC, 2/28/02, p.A7)(SFC, 6/28/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/18/05, p.A1)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.44)(AFP, 2/22/11)(AFP, 3/1/11)

2002        Feb 28, In India Hindu mobs in Gujarat state killed at least 96 people as they burned shops and attacked residences in Ahmadabad to avenge the killing a day earlier of Hindu activists. A Hindu mob descended on the Gulberg Society, a cluster of homes in Ahmadabad, leaving Ehsan Jafri, a former Congress MP, and 68 others dead. In 2007 videotaped confessions showed Hindu activists acknowledging their roles in the killings and detailing blatant state collusion. In 2011 a court sentenced 31 Hindus to life imprisonment for killing dozens of Muslims by setting a building on fire in a village in Mehsana district. 33 Muslims, including 20 women who had taken shelter there, were burned alive.
    (SFC, 3/1/02, p.A1,12)(SFC, 10/25/07, p.A13)(AP, 11/9/11)(Econ, 3/3/12, p.54)(Econ, 12/14/13, p.32)

2002        Mar 1, In Gujarat, India, the death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence passed 300 and some 3,500 troops moved into Ahmadabad to quell the violence. 14 Muslims burned to death in the Best Bakery in Vadodara. 21 Hindus, accused of murder, were later acquitted after almost 40 witnesses withdrew evidence. At least 23 people taking shelter in a house were killed when a mob set it on fire at Ode village in Anand district of Gujarat.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A1)(Econ, 9/20/03, p.40)(http://tinyurl.com/7lha7n5)

2002        Mar 2, Rioting spread as the death toll in India's religious strife reached 408.
    (AP, 3/2/07)

2002        Mar 3, In Ahmadabad the death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence climbed to 538 as Hindu mobs continued attacks on Muslims.
    (SFC, 3/4/02, p.A8)

2002        Mar 4, In Ahmadabad Hindu militants razed the 80-year-old Manchaji mosque and erected a foot-tall statue of the monkey god Hanuman in its place. The death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence in the region climbed to 544.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A6)
2002        Mar 4, In Kashmir separatist violence left at least 17 people dead. This included 8 Islamic militants killed by Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)

2002        Mar 7, The death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence in the region climbed to 665, and was expected to climb if construction begins Mar 15 on a Hindu temple in Ayodha.
    (WSJ, 3/8/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 10, Religious violence left 2 more dead in Panvad and Rajpipla, villages 60 and 95 miles away from Ahmadabad.
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A7)

2002        Mar 13, A high-court panel ruled that no religious ceremony may be held in Ayodhya at the 67-acre site of the former Babri Masjid mosque, destroyed by Hindus in 1992. Mahant Ramchandra Paramhans (94), head of the Ram temple movement, vowed to defy the court order.
    (SFC, 3/14/02, p.A7)(SFC, 3/15/02, p.A16)

2002        Mar 14, About 10,000 police stood guard at Ayodhya arrested some 1,500 kar sevaks (holy volunteers) and blocked marchers intent on beginning construction of a Ram temple.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A9)

2002        Mar 17, It was reported that McDonald’s Corp. had agreed to give 410 million to vegetarian groups, Hindu and Sikh organizations and to pay $4,000 to 12 plaintiffs to settle a suit over the use of beef tallow in french fries.
    (SSFC, 3/17/02, p.A22)

2002        Mar 18, In India police shot and killed 4 people while trying to disperse mobs and stop looting in 2 towns, Bharuch and Modasa, in Gujarat state.
    (SFC, 3/20/02, p.A10)

2002        Mar 26, India passed a Prevention of Terrorism bill that allowed a 3-month detention of suspects without charges plus an additional 3 months with court approval.
    (SFC, 3/27/02, p.A6)

2002        Mar 30, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militants exchanged fire with Indian police in Jammu and 10 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A17)

2002        May 3, In India an air force jet crashed into an office building in the Adda neighborhood of Jullundur in Punjab state. At least 8 people were killed. 2 pilots escaped from the MiG-21.
    (SFC, 5/3/02, p.A10)

2002        May 7, In India a land mine exploded under a police van in Jharkhand state and 15 officers were killed. Rebels were enforcing a 3-day strike in the area to protest the labeling of some 21 groups as terrorists.
    (SFC, 5/8/02, p.A17)

2002        May 9, Rioting between Hindus and Muslims in Ahmadabad left 9 people dead.
    (SFC, 5/10/02, p.A20)

2002        May 12, In India an express train derailed near Lucknow and 12 people were killed. Sabotage was suspected.
    (SFC, 5/13/02, p.A6)

2002        May 13, The government that a heat wave had left 50 people dead in the Andhra Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)

2002        May 14, In Kashmir 3 Islamic militant attacked an Indian army base and  killed 34 civilians and soldiers in Kaluchak. India held Pakistan responsible.
    (SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)

2002        May 18, India and Pakistan traded fire for a 2nd day across the Line of Control. India gave its Pakistan ambassador 1 week to return home and bombarded 13 sectors in Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A11)

2002        May 19, Weekend fighting in Kashmir between India and Pakistan left at least 15 people killed.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A8)

2002        May 20, Palestine called for int’l. monitors for the Kashmir border. 2 Indian soldiers were killed in fighting.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)

2002        May 21, Fighting between Indian and Pakistan soldiers in Kashmir killed 9 civilians and wounded 7 others. Gunmen in Srinagar assassinated Abdul Ghani Lone (70), a moderate Kashmiri separatist leader.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A13)(WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)

2002        May 24, Pres. Vajpayee announced a $1.3 billion aid package for Kashmir and promised fair elections.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A10)

2002        May 25, Pres. Bush and Putin pressured Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf to stop incursions into Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)

2002        May 29, In India 4 bomb blasts in and around Ahmadabad in Gujarat state injured at least 39 people.
    (SFC, 5/29/02, p.A16)(SFC, 5/30/02, p.A12)

2002        May 29, In Kashmir cross-border shelling killed at least 23 people and wounded 17.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A1)

2002        May 30, Violence resumed in Gujarat state. In Kadi a Muslim bus driver was dragged from his bus and burned alive and a Hindu man was killed in a bomb blast.
    (SFC, 5/31/02, p.A12)

2002        May 31, The US State Dept. urged some 60,000 Americans in India to leave over concerns of war between India and Pakistan.
    (SFC, 6/1/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 1, The UN ordered its employees in India and Pakistan to evacuate their families over a growing concern of war.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A12)

2002        Jun 3, India and Pakistan exchanged fire in Kashmir and at least 8 civilians were killed and 23 injured.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 5, India PM Vajpayee said his country would consider jointly monitoring the disputed Kashmir border with Pakistan. Pakistan rejected India’s proposal for joint patrols in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 6/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 7, Pakistan reported that it had shot down an unmanned Indian spy plane.
    (SFC, 6/8/02, p.A10)

2002        Jun 10, India eased tensions with Pakistan as it lifted a 5-month ban on Pakistani aircraft flying over it and pulled back a naval flotilla from the Pakistani coast.
    (SFC, 6/11/02, p.A10)

2002        Jun 14, In Kashmir India and Pakistan continued cross border shelling. Pakistan reported Indian shelling killed 6 civilians, including 3 children.
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A8)

 2002        Jun 16, In Indian Kashmir suspected Islamic militants hurled grenades and opened fire on police, sleeping villagers and Hindu pilgrims, killing 12 people over the last 24 hours. 21 people, including five Hindu villagers, were killed in several incidents of separatist violence.
    (AP, 6/16/02)(Reuters, 6/16/02)(SFC, 6/17/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 21, In Kashmir 13 suspected Islamic militants were killed in the Indian-controlled section. Rebels killed Ghulam Rasool, a member of the governing national Conference Party. In the Pakistan-controlled section a sniper opened fire on a truck carrying 22 people and 10 were killed when it plunged into a ravine.
    (SFC, 6/22/02, p.A6)

2002        Jun 23, A wild elephant killed 10 people on the India-Nepal border.
    (SFC, 6/25/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 27, In India’s Jammu-Kashmir 9 people, including three soldiers, were killed and 22 wounded in separate incidents of violence.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A14)

2002        Jun 29, In India PM Vajpayee named Lal Krishna Advani, a Hindu hardliner, as his deputy.
    (WSJ, 7/1/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 6, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 2 soldiers and two separatist rebels were killed in fighting.
    (Reuters, 7/6/02)

2002        Jul 12, In India's Kashmir region at least 10 people were killed and 15 wounded, some critically, in a shootout. Shops and businesses downed shutters in Srinagar, the summer capital of India's disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir, in response to a strike call by separatists to honor Kashmiri "martyrs".
    (Reuters, 7/13/02)(SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 13, It was reported that Dr. P.V. Rajiv in southern India saved three sick newborn babies using a cloned version of the anti-impotence drug Viagra. "We saved the babies by giving sildenafil citrate, also called Viagra," he said. Dr. Rajiv first gave the drug orally to a baby suffering pulmonary hypertension, after consulting international journals which reported its use to treat adults in a similar condition. Blue babies have a condition that contracts vessels carrying oxygen-rich blood to the lungs.
    (AP, 7/13/02)
2002        Jul 13, Outside Jammu, Kashmir, a grenade and gun attack on a Hindu slum that left 27 people dead, dozens wounded and rekindled fears of war with nuclear neighbor Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 7/14/02)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A12)

2002        Jul 16, In India-controlled Kashmir a grenade wounded at least 13 people in Anantnag.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A7)

2002        Jul 18, In India legislators elected Abdul Kalam, father of their nuclear missile program, as the country’s 12th president.
    (WSJ, 7/19/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 18, In India separatist guerrillas ambushed a police convoy in Dijungmukh, Assam state, and 7 police officers were killed.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)

2002        Jul 22, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected separatist rebels were killed in a shootout with troops while a policeman and a civilian were wounded in separate blasts.
    (Reuters, 7/22/02)

2002        Jul 25, Torrential monsoon rains and overflowing rivers worsened flooding in eastern India, Nepal and Bangladesh and officials said 218 people have died and more than six million people have been left homeless during the last 5days.
    (Reuters, 7/25/02)

2002        Jul 26, Indian Vice President Krishan Kant, 75, died of a heart attack.
    (Reuters, 7/27/02)

2002        Jul 28, Torrential overnight rains set off more floods in eastern India as the death toll from floods in India, Nepal and Bangladesh passed 300.
    (Reuters, 7/28/02)

2002        Jul, Calcutta banned rickshaw pullers from all major thoroughfares.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.F1)

2002        Aug 4, India's federal government planned to distribute 7.142 billion rupees ($147 million) to 12 states to tackle problems arising out of a failed monsoon. Much of India was facing the worst drought in a decade due to erratic monsoon rains. An outbreak of encephalitis in India's remote northeastern state of Assam rose to 100 on Sunday, as heavy monsoon rains wreaked havoc in large parts of the region.
    (Reuters, 8/4/02)

2002        Aug 6, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militant lobbed a grenade and opened fire on a group of Hindu pilgrims 175 miles north of Jammu.
    (SFC, 8/6/02, p.A7)

2002        Aug 6, In eastern India 20 people were feared drowned when a boat overturned in Bihar state.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A12)

2002        Aug 11, In northern India monsoon rains killed at least 43 people in Uttaranchal state.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A8)

2002        Aug 12 It was reported that a 2-mile thick cloud of pollution covered South Asia and that it was suspected for causing drought, flooding and the premature deaths of a half-million people in India each year.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A7)

2002        Aug 13, In India separatist guerrillas ambushed a truck in Meghalaya state and killed at least 15 people.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A13)
2002        Aug 13, Deaths from flooding in Bangladesh (157), India (265) and Nepal (422) and reached at least 874.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A15)

2002        Aug 20, Indian troops killed 14 Muslim rebels trying to sneak into Kashmir from Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 8/21/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 23, Pakistan accused India of launching a heavy ground an air attack on northern Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.A8)

2002        Aug 24, Suspected rebels shot dead eight Muslim villagers, including three women, in Indian Kashmir as a U.S. envoy took his peace mission to Islamabad to try to cool tensions on the subcontinent.
    (Reuters, 8/24/02)

2002        Aug 28, Police in India reported that 14 people, including 10 Muslim militants, were killed in clashes between Indian security forces and separatist rebels in India's Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (Reuters, 8/28/02)

2002        Aug 29, Indian soldiers killed 5 guerrillas after they crossed into the India-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A19)

2002        Sep 6, In India the film "Ek Chhoti Si Love Story" (A Short Love Story) was released across India despite a court order and attacks on some theatres, has kicked up a controversy over its explicit sexual content.
    (Reuters, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Sheikh Abdul Rehman, a politician contesting state elections, in the first killing of a candidate since the campaign began.
    (Reuters, 9/6/02)

2002        Sep 9, The Rajdhani Express train derailed in Bihar state and fell into a river, killing at least 118 people. An Indian railway official said that it was an act of sabotage.
    (AP, 9/10/02)(WSJ, 9/10/02, p.A1)(Reuters, 9/11/02)(AP, 9/9/03)

2002        Sep 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic militants killed Mushtaq Ahmad Lone (44), a state law minister and legislative candidate. 15 others were killed in 2 other attacks.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A5)

2002        Sep 16, Indian-ruled Kashmir ended the first stage of state assembly elections against a backdrop of violence and in the shadow of a tense confrontation between nuclear powers India and Pakistan. Indian troops killed 9 suspected Islamic rebels in a border sweep hours before the elections. A 44% turnout was reported.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 18, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 2 ruling party workers were gunned down and a ruling lawmaker was attacked ahead of the second round of voting in a state election dogged by anti-poll violence that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/18/02)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 18, Abu Salem, alleged terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most wanted men, was arrested in Portugal. Salem is accused by Indian police of being involved in the country's worst bombing attack, which killed 257 people in Bombay in 1993, as well as a string of murder and extortion cases.
    (AP, 9/20/02)

2002        Sep 20, In India one man was killed and 5 others injured when police opened fire to disperse groups of Hindus and Muslims fighting in western Gujarat state.
    (Reuters, 9/20/02)

2002        Sep 24, In India commandos stormed the Swaminarayan Hindu temple in Gandhinagar to try to flush out gunmen who killed 32 Hindus and wounded over 70. Two attackers were killed the next day after a 14-hour siege.
    (Reuters, 9/24/02)(SFC, 9/25/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/26/02, p.A1)

2002        Sep 25, Indian forces killed five suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan as new tensions were stoked between the nuclear rivals over an attack on an Indian temple.
    (AP, 9/25/02)

2002        Sep 28, In India at least 14 people died when they thousands stampeded to board a train following a political rally in Lucknow.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A24)

2002        Sep 30, The National Intelligence Council said China, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria and Russia will have 50-75 million HIV-infected people by 2010, more than any other 5 countries.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A5)

2002        Oct 1, Two Indian naval reconnaissance planes taking part in a ceremonial flypast collided in mid-air over the western state of Goa, killing 15 people.
    (Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A10)

2002        Oct 3, India said it had killed eight Islamic militants trying to enter Indian Kashmir from Pakistani territory as the state battles a surge in rebel violence just days before the end of a disputed election.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)

2002        Oct 12, In western India 4 people were killed as Hindus and Muslims clashed in the town of Solapur in continuing violence triggered after U.S. preacher Jerry Falwell called the Prophet Mohammad a terrorist.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)

2002        Oct 18, India assumed direct control over Kashmir after elections failed to produce a viable government.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 18, Pakistan matched India’s pledge to demobilize along the border.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 27, In India separatist guerrillas in Assam state killed 22 villagers. Members of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland operated out of bases in Bhutan. The 10-year insurgency has left over 10,000 dead.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A7)

2002        Nov 3, In India police killed 2 members of Lashkar-i-Taiba during a gunbattle at a New Delhi shopping center.
    (SFC, 11/4/02, p.A7)

2002        Nov 11, Bill Gates of Microsoft pledged $100 million to fight AIDS in India.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A11)

2002        Nov 18, In India a rebel land mine killed at least 20 people in a bus in Andhra Pradesh state. The leftist People’s War Group was blamed.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A10)

2002        Nov 25, Indian security forces shot dead two suspected Muslim militants who had attacked Hindu temples in Indian Kashmir, ending a bloody siege that cast a shadow over efforts to bring peace to the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, An overloaded bus crashed off a bridge into a boulder-strewn gorge in central India, killing at least 36 people and injuring 45.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)

2002        Nov 30, In Uttar Pradesh, India, a mystery epidemic was reported to have killed 44 at least Indian children in just over a month.
    (Reuters, 11/30/02)

2002        Dec 8, In Karnataka, India, Hannur Nagappa, a former state minister, was found dead. He had been kidnapped Aug 25 by the bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerappan.
    (SFC, 12/9/02, p.A7)

2002        Dec 15, India's ruling Hindu nationalists swept to victory in an election in the western state of Gujarat. The BJP won 125 of 182 seats.
    (Reuters, 12/15/02)(SFC, 12/16/02, p.A14)

2002        Dec 19, Suspected militants killed three young women (21-22) in their homes just days after posters appeared in India's Jammu and Kashmir state ordering women to wear a veil.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 19, In India Maoist rebels killed 18 policemen in an ambush in a dense forest in the eastern state of Jharkhand.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)

2002        Dec 21, In southern India an express train jumped the tracks, killing at least 18 people and injuring 80.
    (Reuters, 12/21/02)

2002        Dec 24, In India's mainly Muslim state of Kashmir 4 civilians and 9 separatist guerrillas were killed in the latest rebel violence.
    (Reuters, 12/24/02)

2002        Ashutosh Varshney, Univ. of Michigan political scientist, authored "Ethnic Conflict and Civil Life: Hindus and Muslims in India."
    (LSA, Fall/03, p.30)
2002        In India the Hindu Yuva Vahini, or the Hindu Youth Brigade, was set up by Hindu priest Yogi Adityanath to end marriages between Muslim men and Hindu women. In 2017 PM Narendra Modi named Adityanath to be chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.
    (AP, 5/3/17)
2002        In India brothers Anil and Mukesh Ambani took the reins of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), founded by their father Dhirubhai Ambani.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.66)
2002        In India the Mahindra & Mahindra auto maker introduced its Scorpio SUV. By 2005 it was a huge hit.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.67)
2002        In India some 2,000 Muslims were murdered this year in western Gujarat state in a pogrom carried out with the collusion of police and senior members of the ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
    (Econ, 7/31/10, p.30)
2002        Geeta, a deaf-mute Indian girl, wandered into Pakistan and became stranded there for the next 13 years. During her time there, she was cared for by the Edhi Foundation, a Pakistani charity. In 2015 she was returned to India after identifying photographs of a family based in the northern Indian state of Bihar as being hers.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)
2002        Commercial surrogacy came to India and went transnational within a year.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.36)

2003        Jan 5, In Bhutan Indian separatists said 50 Indian soldiers attacked their camps. 15 soldiers and 7 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 1/8/03, p.A16)

2003        Jan 9, India’s PM Vajpayee announced the introduction of legislation for dual citizenship for people of Indian origin in "certain countries."
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A4)

2003        Jan 15, The death toll from a month-long cold spell rose to 1170 people in northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
    (AP, 1/15/03)

2003        Jan 27, India and Pakistan resumed shelling along the Kashmir border, and New Delhi warned Pakistan it would be "erased from the world map" if Islamabad used nuclear weapons against India.
    (AP, 1/28/03)

2003        Jan 28, In eastern India a passenger bus caught fire after colliding with a truck carrying paint in dense fog, killing at least 42 people and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 1/28/03)

2003          Feb 15, In India 7 men from Hindu upper castes were killed at a roadside restaurant the crime-prone Bihar state. The upper-caste men were apparently killed to avenge the killings 2 days earlier of 7 lower-caste Dalits.
    (AP, 2/16/03)

2003          Feb 18, In India a bus carrying a wedding party fell into a gorge, killing 23 people and injuring 31 others in the mountainous northern state of Uttaranchal.
    (AP, 2/19/03)

2003          Feb 26, In India a gun battle, kidnappings, ballot theft and destruction of voting machines marked polling in two of the four Indian states where new legislatures were elected.
    (AP, 2/26/03)

2003          Mar 8, In India separatist rebels in northeastern Assam state shot and killed three laborers, ignited a huge fire by launching mortars at an oil refinery and used explosives to damage a pipeline.
    (AP, 3/8/03)

2003          Mar 9, In southern India a van driver lost control of his vehicle and crashed into a bus, killing 17 people and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 3/9/03)

2003        Mar 26, India test-fired a short-range missile capable of carrying a nuclear weapon, and Pakistan immediately announced it had tested a similar missile.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 26, In India gunmen fatally shot a senior Hindu nationalist in western Gujarat state.
    (AP, 3/26/03)

2003        Mar 28, In Jammu-Kashmir suspected Islamic militants attacked and mutilated 5 Kashmiri Muslim villagers, accusing them of being police informants.
    (AP, 3/28/03)

2003        Apr 1, In India members of the Hmar Peoples Convention attacked a cluster of villages in southern Assam state's Cachar district, burning huts and took 28 villagers as hostages. 22 farmers were later found shot dead.
    (AP, 4/4/03)

2003        Apr 6, Indian troops killed Fayaz Ahmad Khan, a top commander of Harkat-ul Mujahedeen, a Kashmiri guerrilla group that is suspected in the 1995 abduction of six Western tourists and a 1999 airliner hijacking.
    (AP, 4/6/03)

2003        Apr 14, In eastern India Communist guerrillas staged two separate attacks on police, killing eight officers.
    (AP, 4/15/03)

2003        Apr 17, India reported it 1st case of SARS.
    (WSJ, 4/18/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 19, India's prime minister acknowledged the government had manipulated elections in Indian-controlled Kashmir and promised residents it would not be repeated.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2003        Apr 29, Indian troops raided a base of suspected Islamic militants in Kashmir, sparking a firefight that lasted more than five hours and resulted in 17 deaths.
    (AP, 4/29/03)

2003        May 2, India and Pakistan agreed to hold talks and restore diplomatic and air links.
    (AP, 5/2/03)(WSJ, 5/5/03, p.A1)

2003        May 5, Pakistan will get rid of its nuclear arsenal if rival India does as well, a Pakistani Foreign Ministry spokesman said.
    (AP, 5/6/03)

2003        May 6, In northeastern India suspected separatist guerrillas killed 19 Bengali settlers in Tripura state.
    (AP, 5/6/03)

2003        May 7, In northeastern India assailants killed 10 sleeping villagers and wounded six others in the second attack blamed on separatist guerrillas in two days.
    (AP, 5/8/03)

2003        May 10, In northern India a fire raged through a garment factory, killing at least 12 people and injuring 70 others.
    (AP, 5/10/03)

2003        May 15, In northern India a fire engulfed the rear three coaches of a moving express train, killing at least 39 passengers and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 5/15/03)

2003        May 23, In India officials reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least 198 people in the past eight days.
    (AP, 5/23/03)

2003        May 27, In southern India officials reported that a deadly heat wave has killed at least 430 people in the past two weeks.
    (AP, 5/27/03)
2003        May 27, In India strong winds and pounding rain toppled a Ferris wheel at a temple festival in Tamil Nadu state, killing 12 people and injuring more than 20 others.
    (AP, 5/28/03)

2003        Jun 1, India officials reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least 1000 people in the past 3 weeks.
    (AP, 6/2/03)

2003        Jun 6, Monsoon rains arrived in India's northeast, bringing hope for relief from a grueling heat wave that has killed nearly 1,400 people nationwide in the past 3 weeks.
    (AP, 6/6/03)

2003        Jun 16, In southern India a coal mine collapsed with at least 17 miners feared killed.
    (AP, 6/16/03)

2003        Jun 22, In western India a passenger train hit boulders spilled on the track by a landslide, causing four cars to derail and killing 51 people.
    (AP, 6/23/03)(AP, 6/24/03)

2003        Jun 23, India's PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee, making the first visit to China by a leader of his nation in a decade, told his Premier Wen Jiabao that he hoped for friendship and trust between the nuclear-armed former rivals.
    (AP, 6/23/03)

2003        Jun 27, In India thousands of fish in the Gomati River died when monsoon rains sent a huge overflow of untreated sewage into the water, causing a drastic drop in oxygen levels. The fish were already ailing from the persistent flow of untreated sewage. A cleanup was important because Lucknow's 2 million people depend on the river for drinking water.
    (AP, 8/23/03)

2003        Jun 30, Pakistan's new ambassador to India arrived to take up his post, saying his country was ready to restore normal ties with its nuclear rival after a gap of 18 months.
    (AP, 6/30/03)

2003        Jul 2, In southern India a train engine and two coaches fell off a bridge and landed on a fish market and parked taxis, killing at least 18.
    (AP, 7/2/03)

2003        Jul 11, India and Pakistan resumed bus service, a transportation link that was disrupted 18 months earlier due to threats of war.
    (AP, 7/11/03)

2003        Jul 15, In India health officials reported that mosquito-borne encephalitis had killed at least 110 children in Andhra Pradesh over the last 6 weeks.
    (WSJ, 7/16/03, p.A1)

2003        Jul 16, In northern India more than 100 people were feared dead in flash floods caused by a heavy rain in a remote hill area of Himachal Pradesh state.
    (AP, 7/16/03)

2003        Jul 21, Monsoon rains were reported to have killed at least 579 people in South Asia. India reported a total of 263 deaths, Bangladesh 169, Pakistan 78, and Nepal 69.
    (AP, 7/21/03)

2003        Jul 30, In India Lal Bihari, president of the Association of the Living Dead, estimated 35,000 people in Uttar Pradesh state have been wrongly certified as dead. "We have knocked on doors of government officials and police. No one is ready to recognize us as living persons because revenue records declare us dead."
    (AP, 8/1/03)

2003        Aug 3, In western India 3 buildings collapsed when a cooking gas cylinder exploded, killing at least 43 people and injuring 39.
    (AP, 8/4/03)

2003        Aug 8, In India workers camped out at a mountain tunnel were hit by a fierce overnight thunderstorm near a Himalayan resort in Himachal Pradesh state, leaving at least 26 dead.
    (AP, 8/8/03)

2003        Aug 10, India's prime minister called for an end to bloodshed between Pakistan and India in a statement read before a peace conference in Islamabad.
    (AP, 8/10/03)

2003        Aug 11, A helicopter chartered by one of India's largest oil companies crashed into the Arabian Sea near Bombay with 29 people on board. Two people were rescued.
    (AP, 8/12/03)

2003        Aug 14, In northeast India suspected separatist rebels blew up a bus on the main highway, killing six passengers.
    (AP, 8/14/03)

2003        Aug 25, In India consecutive bombs exploded in a crowded jewelry market and a historical landmark in Bombay, killed 53 people, wounding 150 others. The Student’s Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) was believed responsible. Ashrat Shafiq Mohammed Ansari, Syed Mohammed Haneef Abdul Rahim and his wife Fahmeeda Syed Mohammed Haneef were arrested under India's tough anti-terrorism law shortly after the attacks. All 3 were convicted and sentenced to death in 2009 after Judge M.R. Puranic said they were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, a banned, Pakistan-based militant group formed in the 1980s.
    (WSJ, 8/27/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.39)(AP, 8/25/08)(AP, 7/27/09)(AP, 8/6/09)

2003        Aug 27, In Nasik, India, thousands of Hindu pilgrims jostling to reach a river for a religious festival toppled a bamboo fence, sparking a stampede that killed at least 39 people, mostly women. At least 125 people were injured.
    (AP, 8/27/03)

2003        Aug 30, In India 2 suspected Islamic militants were killed in a battle with New Delhi police. Indian police claimed to have killed Ghazi Baba, the head of the Jaish-e-Mohammed militant group, during a fierce gun battle in Srinagar. Baba was said to be the mastermind behind several terror attacks including the December 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, In northern India a bus carrying 40 passengers plunged into a river in a remote hilly area. There was no immediate word on casualties.
    (AP, 8/30/03)

2003        Aug, Researchers from India’s nongovernment Center for Science and Environment said Coke and Pepsi products contain high levels of pesticide residue. A high court in Kerala, India, soon ordered Coca Cola to shut down a $25 million plant due to local complaints of excess water use. Villagers also complained that waste from the plant had contaminated drinking water. Activists left alone a nearby Indian brewery.
    (SSFC, 3/6/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/12/06, p.A6)

2003        Sep 2, In eastern India an overcrowded boat capsized in the swollen Kosi River of Bihar state, and at least 25 people were missing and feared drowned.
    (AP, 9/3/03)

2003        Sep 6, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a bomb targeting an army convoy exploded in the main wholesale market for fruit, killing six people, including an army officer, and wounding 25.
    (AP, 9/6/03)

2003        Sep 8, Ariel Sharon flew to New Delhi for the first-ever visit to India by an Israeli prime minister, hoping to cement blossoming defense and trade ties.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, In eastern India suspected communist rebels detonated a land mine under a passing police vehicle, killing 12 officers.
    (AP, 9/8/03)

2003        Sep 12, In Bombay (Mumbai), India, police shot and killed a man believed to have masterminded car bombings in Bombay last month that killed 53 people. Naseer and his aide were traveling in a car that carried explosives, guns and detonators when police intercepted it.
    (AP, 9/12/03)

2003        Sep 15, In India rain-swollen rivers began receding in the state of Uttar Pradesh but the death toll there from monsoon rains rose to 190 after 34 more people were reported killed.
    (AP, 9/15/03)

2003        Sep 20, The Indian army said it killed six suspected separatist guerrillas from a Pakistan-based group after a fierce battle in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/20/03)

2003        Sep 24, India rejected Pakistan's invitation to negotiate a settlement concerning the disputed province of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/25/03)

2003        Sep 29, India's army said that it killed 15 Islamic militants as they tried overnight to sneak into Indian-controlled Kashmir from Pakistan-controlled territory.
    (AP, 9/29/03)

2003        Sep, Bangladesh and India launched a direct bus route from Dhaka to Agartala, the capital of the Indian state of Tripura.
    (Econ, 10/4/03, p.40)

2003        Oct 7, In southern India an overloaded ferry carrying 50 people capsized in the storm-tossed Krishna River, killing at least 18 passengers.
    (AP, 10/7/03)

2003        Oct 8, China was reported to have taken the first step toward recognizing the Himalayan territory of Sikkim as a part of India, resolving a long-standing border dispute. Sikkim, located between Nepal and the kingdom of Bhutan, was an independent principality before it was annexed by India in 1975.
    (AP, 10/8/03)

2003        Oct 13, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation said it was doubling to $200 million the prevention funds for HIV and AIDS in India.
    (AP, 10/14/03)

2003        Oct 17, A new family of frogs was reported from the western India. The purple, burrowing frog family, named Nasikabatrachus sahydrensis, appeared to date back some 200 million years.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A10)

2003        Oct 18, India commandos raided a Srinagar, Kashmir, shopping center where suspected Islamic guerrillas were holed up, killing both men and ending a one-day standoff.
    (AP, 10/18/03)

2003        Nov 1, In western India a tourist bus skidded off a mountain road near Mahabaleshwar and fell into a gorge, killing 22 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 11/2/03)

2003        Nov 6, In India workers burned down a house and killed 21 people from a rival trade union in a battle over jobs at an Indian tea farm.
    (AP, 11/6/03)

2003        Nov 14, China and India began 1st ever joint naval exercises.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A7)

2003        Nov 22, In India suspected separatist rebels on bicycles shot and killed 11 workers in northeastern Assam state, which has been plagued by clashes between people native to the region and those from the neighboring area of Bihar. The dispute has been chiefly about access to government railroad jobs.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2003        Nov 25, The Indian and Pakistani armies agreed to stop firing across their frontier, including in disputed Kashmir, starting at midnight in a further easing of tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, In southern India an explosion at a state-run factory that makes detonators killed at least 10 workers.
    (AP, 11/25/03)

2003        Nov 27, Indian security forces battled rebels in villages along the border in Kashmir and suspected insurgents detonated a grenade in a busy market. The violence left 12 people dead.
    (AP, 11/27/03)

2003        Dec 1, India and Pakistan agreed to restore airline overflight and landing rights by Jan. 1, 2004.
    (AP, 12/1/04)

2003        Dec 2, In northern India a bus skidded off a steep mountain road and fell into a river, killing at least 27 passengers and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 12/2/03)

2003        Dec 4, In India election results showed the ruling Hindu nationalist party wrested control from the opposition in three of four state legislatures.
    (AP, 12/4/03)

2003        Dec 7, In Indian-held Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a steep mountain road and plunged 1,500 feet into a gorge, killing 23 passengers and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 12/7/03)
2003        Dec 7, In southern India Hindu-Muslim clashes broke out overnight in Hyderabad, killing at least five and injuring 27.
    (AP, 12/7/03)

2003        Dec 16, A cyclone tore into India's southeastern coast, killing 11 people.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

2003        Dec 30, At least 34 Indian soldiers were wounded in Kashmir when militants detonated a bomb in a shop as the bus carrying the troops passed by.
    (Reuters, 12/30/03)

2003        Indian novelist Ashok Banker began his 8-volume Ramayana series with “Prince of Ayodya."
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.78)
2003        Madhusree Mukerjee, Indian author, authored "The Land of the Naked People: Encounters With Stone Age Islanders," a travel narrative of the Andaman Islands.
    (SSFC, 8/17/03, p.M3)
2003        Vikas Swarup, Indian diplomat, authored his novel “Q&A" while in London. The novel was turned into the successful film “Slumdog Millionaire" (2008).
    (Econ, 1/31/09, p.90)
2003        Arun Shourie, India’s minister of disinvestment, was also appointed as minister for communications.
    (WSJ, 1/9/04, p.A1)
2003        India changed its verbiage on Tibet to say that the Tibet Autonomous Region is part of China as opposed to the previous description of Tibet as an autonomous region of China.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.16)
2003        In India’s northeast Assam state the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District was declared.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.48)
2003        India concluded a $1 billion purchase of Israel's Phalcon airborne radar system. Over the last 18 months the US facilitated the sale of $200 million in defense equipment to India.
    (WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A16)
2003        Captain G.R. Gopinath launched Air Deccan, India’s 1st low-cost airline.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.59)
2003        Shopping malls in India increased from 3 to over 400 over the last 8 years.
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A15)
2003        In India over 17,000 farmers committed suicide this year. Their deaths were most often ascribed to debt, drought and ready availability of pesticides to serve as poison. The National Crime Records Bureau later showed that between 2002 and 2007 at least 87,567 farmers committed suicide.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.66)(SFC, 3/22/08, p.A5)

2003-2007    In New Delhi, India, over 300 people were killed in accidents involving independently operated Blueline buses.
    (SFC, 12/7/07, p.A25)

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