Timeline Germany (G) 2017-Present

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2017        Jan 5, Namibian plaintiffs, including some from New York, sued Germany over a genocide carried out by German colonial troops in the early 1900s, in which more than 100,000 people were killed. They sued under the Alien Tort Statute, a 1789 US law often invoked in human rights cases.
    (AP, 1/6/17)

2017        Jan 8, The US military vowed to increase the scope and complexity of its European training exercises to deter Russian aggression, as more US tanks, trucks and other equipment arrived in Germany for a big buildup on NATO's eastern flank.
    (Reuters, 1/8/17)

2017        Jan 10, Former German President Roman Herzog (82) died. He served as chief justice of Germany's highest court before winning the presidency in 1994.
    (AP, 1/24/17)

2017        Jan 11, In Germany the spectacular new Elbphilharmonie concert hall in Hamburg, begun in 2007, hosted its first concert, several years behind schedule and far over the original budget. The cost to taxpayers climbed from an initially planned 77 million euros to 789 million euros ($835 million).
    (AP, 1/11/17)
2017        Jan 11,  Volkswagen agreed to pay a criminal fine of $4.3 billion for selling around 500,000 cars in America fitted with so-called “defeat devices" designed to reduce NOx emissions under test conditions.
    (Econ, 1/21/17, p.52)

2017        Jan 19, German lawmakers legalized cannabis use for medical purposes for people with serious diseases such as certain cancers and multiple sclerosis.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)

2017        Jan 20, Germany said its diplomats have helped broker a ceasefire between the Syrian government and rebel forces in a mountainous valley near Damascus, a deal designed to restore water supplies to the capital.
    (Reuters, 1/20/17)

2017        Jan 22, In Germany the agriculture ministers of the G20 leading economies said greater global efforts should be taken to safeguard precious world water supplies to secure food production.
    (Reuters, 1/22/17)

2017        Jan 25, German police carried out dawn raids against far-right suspects accused of plotting attacks on refugees, Jews and police officers, and detained two suspects.
    (AFP, 1/25/17)

2017        Jan 26, Germany's Parliament extended the country's training mission in northern Iraq for another year.
    (AP, 1/26/17)
2017        Jan 26, In Germany more than 15,000 turkeys were being culled after the new bird flu subtype H5N5 was confirmed on a north German farm.
    (Reuters, 1/26/17)

2017        Jan 28, Germany confirmed that high-ranking Turkish soldiers, who worked at NATO facilities in Germany but were suspended after the failed coup in Turkey in July, have requested asylum. Der Spiegel and broadcaster ARD reported that about 40, mostly high-ranking Turkish soldiers, have requested asylum.
    (Reuters, 1/28/17)
2017        Jan 28, France and Germany expressed mounting alarm at key decisions by US Pres. Donald Trump in his first week in office, saying they raised many issues of concern.
    (AFP, 1/28/17)

2017        Jan 29, In Germany the bodies of six teenagers were found dead in a garden house following a Saturday night party near the southern city of Wuerzburg. Investigators later said they all died of carbon monoxide poisoning.
    (AP, 1/29/17)(AP, 1/31/17)

2017        Jan 31, Germany began sending tanks and other equipment to Lithuania as part of a NATO mission to beef up the defense of eastern Europe and send a signal of resolve to Russia, which has denounced the build-up as an act of aggression.
    (Reuters, 1/31/17)

2017        Feb 1, Germany's government approved the use of ankle bracelets to monitor extremists considered potentially dangerous as it moves to get tough on suspected jihadists after the Berlin truck attack.
    (AFP, 2/1/17)
2017        Feb 1, Germany arrested Tunisian asylum-seeker Haikel S. (36) on suspicion of planning an Islamist attack. He was also wanted in his homeland over a deadly 2015 assault on a Tunis museum favored by Western tourists.
    (Reuters, 2/1/17)
2017        Feb 1, A German court ordered German-Turkish author Akif Pirincci to pay a fine of 11,700 euros ($12,490) for incitement over a speech he gave at an anti-Islam rally. Pirincci was a speaker at a rally staged in Dresden in October 2015 by a group called the Patriotic Europeans against the Islamization of the West, or PEGIDA. He described asylum-seekers as "invaders" and lamented that the Nazi's concentration camps had been closed.
    (AP, 2/7/17)
2017        Feb 1, It was reported that Volkswagen has agreed to pay at least $1.22 billion to fix or buy back nearly 80,000 polluting diesel cars in the United States, the latest move in its attempt to draw a line under its diesel emissions scandal.
    (Reuters, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 2, In Turkey German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Turkey to uphold democracy as the country heads toward a critical referendum on boosting the powers of the presidency, while Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan took offense at her reference to "Islamist terror," saying the words cannot be placed together.
    (AP, 2/2/17)

2017        Feb 4, German weekly magazine Der Spiegel sparked controversy at home and abroad with a front cover illustration of US President Donald Trump beheading the Statue of Liberty.
    (Reuters, 2/4/17)

2017        Feb 8, Ljubisa Beara (77), a Bosnian Serb commander convicted of war crimes over the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, died in a German prison.
    (AP, 2/10/17)

2017        Feb 9, Germany reported the world’s largest current-account surplus of about €270 billion ($300 billion).
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.40)
2017        Feb 9, Some 450 German special commandos made 12 coordinated raids and arrested two men suspected of planning an imminent Islamist attack in Goettingen.
    (Reuters, 2/9/17)
2017        Feb 9, German neo-Nazi Maik Schneider (29) was sentenced to eight years jail for the August 2015 arson in the high school sports hall in Nauen that had been designated to house refugees. He received an additional term of one year and six months for other xenophobic crimes.
    (AFP, 2/9/17)

2017        Feb 12, Germany’s parliamentary assembly elected former foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier (61) as the new head of state. He vowed to stand up to simplistic populist rhetoric.
    (AFP, 2/12/17)(SSFC, 2/12/17, p.A4)

2017        Feb 15, German airline Lufthansa said it has struck a deal to solve a bitter labor dispute with pilots that over five years has cost it an estimated half a billion dollars and more than a dozen strikes.
    (AP, 2/15/17)

2017        Feb 16, In Germany foreign ministers from 20 of the world's leading nations (G20) met in Bonn to discuss current conflicts and ways to prevent future crises against a backdrop of uncertainty among allies and adversaries over the direction of US foreign policy.
    (AP, 2/16/17)
2017        Feb 16, In Germany a union representing ground staff has called on its members to go on strike at Berlin's two airports, leading to the cancelation of some 210 flights.
    (AP, 2/16/17)

2017        Feb 21, Authorities in southwest Germany authorized a ban on older diesel cars from driving in the city of Stuttgart starting next year.
    (AP, 2/21/17)

2017        Feb 22, France and Germany won backing from the European Union's executive for proposals to tighten security across Europe, which include giving more powers to governments to monitor frontiers with other EU states.
    (Reuters, 2/22/17)

2017        Feb 25, In Germany  a student (35) rammed his car into a group of pedestrians, killing one person and injuring two others in Heidelberg. The accused was shot and wounded by police after fleeing the scene on foot while wielding a knife.
    (AFP, 2/26/17)

2017        Feb 26, In Germany the bodies of a woman (76) and a man (81) were discovered dead at a house in Koenigsdorf, about 30 km (19 miles) south of Munich. On March 120 police said they have arrested a Polish national woman (49) and were seeking her brother, Robert Pludowsk (43), in connection with the killing.
    (AP, 3/10/17)

2017        Feb 27, Germany's Interior Ministry said a new report showing more than 3,500 attacks in 2016 on migrants and their homes is "alarmingly high and cause for concern." Interior Ministry spokesman Johannes Dimroth said authorities are prosecuting the crimes aggressively and the numbers are now falling.
    (AP, 2/27/17)
2017        Feb 27, A German court convicted two illegal street racers who caused a deadly high-speed car crash of murder and handed them life prison terms in a landmark ruling. Hamdi H. and Marvin N. were each sentenced to maximum jail terms for the Feb 1 tragedy near Berlin's landmark KaDeWe shopping center.
    (AFP, 2/27/17)

2017        Feb 28, In Germany a man (24) killed his grandmother in Muellrose, then ran over and killed two police officers as he fled from them in Brandenburg state. The man was arrested short time later.
    (AP, 2/28/17)

2017        Feb, Turkish authorities arrested Deniz Yucel, a journalist for Germany’s Die Welt newspaper, on charges of propaganda in support of a terrorist organization and inciting the public to violence. Yucel, a dual Turkish and German national, was initially detained after he reported on emails that a leftist hacker collective had purportedly obtained from the private account of Berat Albayrak, Turkey's energy minister and Erdogan's son-in-law.
    (Reuters, 3/19/17)

2017        Mar 2, Germany arrested two Syrians suspected of being members of the Al-Nusra Front. Federal prosecutors said Abdalfatah H.A. (35) is suspected of war crimes over the killing of 36 Syrian government employees by his unit in 2013. Abdulrahman A.A. (26) belong to the same combat unit.
    (SFC, 3/3/17, p.A2)
2017        Mar 2, In Egypt German Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi held talks on ways of slowing migration to Europe, including tightening control over borders.
    (AP, 3/2/17)

2017        Mar 3, Chancellor Angela Merkel said Tunisia had agreed to take back 1,500 rejected Tunisian migrants from Germany, after an attack by a Tunisian on a Christmas market in Berlin which killed 12 people.
    (Reuters, 3/3/17)
2017        Mar 3, German carmaker Mercedes said it is recalling about 1 million cars and SUVs worldwide because a starter part can overheat and cause fires.
    (AP, 3/3/17)
2017        Mar 3, Turkey accused Germany of scandalous behavior in cancelling rallies of Turkish citizens in two German towns due to be addressed by Turkish ministers and said Berlin provided a "shelter" for people committing crimes against his country.
    (Reuters, 3/3/17)

2017        Mar 8, Bavaria's state office of criminal investigation said Germany’s police have raided over 120 apartments and business premises across the country in an investigation into a suspected online crime ring.
    (Reuters, 3/8/17)

2017        Mar 9, In Germany an axe-wielding attacker, Fatmir H. (37), wounded nine people in a bloody rampage at a railway station. The Kosovan national had been diagnosed as a paranoid schizophrenic with a history of high anxiety and self-harm. In September he was committed to a psychiatric ward.
    (AFP, 3/10/17)(AFP, 9/22/17)
2017        Mar 9, In Germany Marcel Hesse (19) gave himself up to police late today in Herne. He admitted to killing a child (9) and a 22-year-old acquaintance, citing frustration over a rejected bid to join the German army and the recent loss of his internet connection. Hesse had stabbed the boy 52 times with a folding knife and allegedly boasted about the murder in a video clip he published on the darknet.
    (AP, 3/10/17)(AP, 9/8/17)

2017        Mar 10, In Detroit, Mi., Volkswagen pleaded guilty in federal court to criminal felony charges over the diesel emissions scandal. The plea was part of a settlement for VW to pay $4.3 billion in fines and penalties.
    (SFC, 3/11/17, p.D1)

2017        Mar 14, The small western German state of Saarland said it is banning political campaigning by foreign politicians saying internal Turkish conflicts have no place in Germany.
    (Reuters, 3/14/17)
2017        Mar 14, German authorities banned the German-speaking Islam Group Hildesheim, known by its German acronym DIK. It had long been on authorities' radar as a magnet for radicals.
    (AP, 3/14/17)
2017        Mar 14, Berlin's airports remained paralyzed after ground staff extended a strike, stepping up pressure in a dispute over pay that has already caused the cancellation of more than 1,000 flights since March 10.
    (Reuters, 3/14/17)
2017        Mar 14, Hundreds of Twitter accounts were hijacked amid the ongoing diplomatic feud between Turkey and two European nations, Germany and the Netherlands. Most if not all high-profile accounts soon returned to normal.
    (AP, 3/15/17)

2017        Mar 15, In Germany three men and a woman were sentenced to prison terms between three and five years for forming the so-called Oldschool Society in August 2014, a far-right terrorist group with a plan to bomb refugee homes as a tactic to scare migrants into leaving the country.
    (AP, 3/15/17)

2017        Mar 16, The militant Greek group Conspiracy of Fire Cells claimed responsibility for a parcel bomb mailed to German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble. The parcel had been intercepted by the German finance ministry's mail department. On March 20 Greek counterterrorism officers uncovered eight more similar parcel bombs.
    (Reuters, 3/16/17)(SFC, 3/22/17, p.A2)

2017        Mar 17, In Germany a G20 official said opposition from the United States, Saudi Arabia and others has forced Germany to drop a reference to financing programs to combat climate change from the draft communique at a G20 finance and central bankers meeting.
    (AP, 3/17/17)

2017        Mar 18, In Germany finance chiefs of the world's top 20 economies (G20) pledged to finalize new banking regulations, easing concerns that the new US administration would pull out of a long-delayed global accord known as Basel III. The G20 dropped a pledge to fully oppose trade protectionism, amid pushback from the government of US President Donald Trump.
    (Reuters, 3/18/17)(AP, 3/18/17)
2017        Mar 18, In Germany around 9,000 Kurdish supporters demonstrated in Frankfurt against Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and an April referendum that would give him sweeping new powers.
    (Reuters, 3/18/17)

2017        Mar 21, A German court convicted three 17-year-olds of participating last April 16 in a bomb attack on a Sikh temple that was motivated by hatred of other religions. They were given prison sentences ranging between six and seven years.
    (AP, 3/21/17)
2017        Mar 21, In Germany the G20's outreach organizations for business (B20), think tanks (T20) and civil society groups (C20) urged the Group of 20 leading economies in a joint statement to take fast and fundamental action to counter rising temperatures.
    (Reuters, 3/21/17)

2017        Mar 22, In Germany thousands of gay men prosecuted and jailed under an arcane 19th century law were due to get compensation after the government passed a draft bill to quash their convictions. Germany decriminalized homosexuality in 1969.
    (Reuters, 3/22/17)

2017        Mar 23, German authorities detained Afghan migrant Abdullah P. in the southern state of Bavaria. He was believed to have taken part in an attack on a military convoy about a decade ago in which at least 16 US and Afghan soldiers were killed.
    (Reuters, 3/28/17)

2017        Mar 27, In Germany thieves broke into Berlin’s Bode Museum before dawn and made off with a massive 100-kilogram (221-pound) gold coin worth millions of dollars. In 2018 prosecutors indicted four young men for the theft of the "Big Maple Leaf" coin.
    (AP, 3/27/17)(SFC, 10/18/18, p.A2)
2017        Mar 27, Lufthansa announced a code-sharing deal with Hong Kong-based Cathay Pacific under which the German airline and its Swiss and Austrian Airlines units will offer new connections to Australia and New Zealand.
    (AP, 3/27/17)

2017        Mar 28, German prosecutors announced an investigation into claims that Turkish agents are spying on alleged followers of exiled preacher Fethullah Gulen in Germany.
    (AFP, 3/28/17)

2017        Mar 30, Volkswagen AG said it has agreed to pay $157.45 million to settle environmental claims from 10 US states over its excess diesel emissions, as the world's largest automaker looks to move past the scandal.
    (Reuters, 3/30/17)

2017        Mar 31, A German court convicted a Moroccan-born man, identified only as Souhayl M. (19), of raping a 90-year-old woman and sentenced him to 5 ½ years in prison. The victim was attacked last October just after she visited a church.
    (AP, 3/31/17)

2017        Apr 2, In Germany a Ghanaian man (31) reportedly raped a camper at knife-point in front of her boyfriend days after being denied asylum, while the couple was camping near Bonn. He was arrested five days later after DNA evidence linked him to the crime.
    (AP, 9/25/17)

2017        Apr 3, A German court handed lengthy prison sentences to four Islamic extremists over plots to bomb a train station in December 2012 and kill a far-right politician in March 2013.
    (AP, 4/3/17)

2017        Apr 5, German conglomerate JAB, owner of Krispy Cream and other food brands, announced that it was taking over the St. Louis-based Panera Bread bakery chain for $7.5 billion.
    (Econ, 4/15/17, p.26)

2017        Apr 7, The German government announced steps to choke off state campaign finance for the far-right NPD party, after a failed court bid to outlaw the xenophobic fringe group. The group numbered around 6,000 members.
    (AFP, 4/7/17)

2017        Apr 8, In Germany police found 384 kg (847 pounds) of cocaine in hundreds of one-kilogram packages hidden in 26 cases of bananas shipped from Ecuador.
    (AP, 4/9/17)
2017        Apr 8, In Germany police officers found human remains believed to be those of the 58-year-old woman at her home in the eastern village of Borkheide, southwest of Berlin. Her son (17) was detained at the scene.
    (AP, 4/9/17)
2017        Apr 8, In Greece Documenta 14, one of the world's premier art events opened in Athens, bringing a much-needed spotlight, artistic inspiration and visitor boost to crisis-hit Greece's run-down capital. The contemporary art exhibition is held every five years in Kassel, Germany.
    (AFP, 4/8/17)

2017        Apr 11, German prosecutors said an unidentified suspect had been emptying parking machines in Hildesheim for more than two years. The 48-year-old was caught last week loading 1,000 euros ($1,060) in ill-gotten coins into his car. Damage to the city in this year's first three months alone totaled 21,000 euros.
    (AP, 4/11/17)
2017        Apr 11, In Germany roadside blasts left Dortmund's Spanish international Marc Bartra and a policeman injured. The bombs "containing metal pieces" detonated minutes after the team bus set off to a planned Champions League game against Monaco.
    (AFP, 4/12/17)

2017        Apr 12, German investigators detained an Islamist suspect over three explosions that rocked Borussia Dortmund's team bus a day earlier, confirming the probe was examining a possible "terrorist link".
    (AFP, 4/12/17)

2017        Apr 19, German utility E.ON said it has launched a combined solar panel and battery storage product for British customers which could cut rising electricity bills by 50 percent.
    (Reuters, 4/19/17)

2017        Apr 20, Lilium, a German startup, completed a successful test over Bavaria of a small electric plane capable of flying up to 300 km per hr.
    (Econ, 4/29/17, p.51)

2017        Apr 21, German police arrested a man suspected of detonating three bombs that targeted the Borussia Dortmund soccer team bus on April 11. The dual German and Russian national identified as Sergei V., had bought options on Borussia Dortmund's stock before the attack.
    (Reuters, 4/21/17)
2017        Apr 21, A federal judge in Detroit sentenced Volkswagen AG to three years' probation over the German automaker's diesel emissions scandal as part of a $4.3 billion settlement announced in January. US District Judge Sean Cox ordered Volkswagen to pay a $2.8 billion criminal penalty for cheating on diesel emissions tests.
    (Reuters, 4/21/17)(SFC, 4/22/17, p.D1)

2017        Apr 22, In Germany two police officers were injured and a police car was set ablaze during protests in Cologne, as some 600 delegates of the deeply divided anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AfD) party met to discuss policy for September's national elections.
    (Reuters, 4/22/17)

2017        Apr 27, Former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl was awarded 1 million euros ($1.1 million) in damages after the Cologne state court found his one-time ghostwriter had violated his privacy rights.
    (AP, 4/27/17)

2017        Apr 28, German authorities arrested a 54-year-old Swiss citizen on suspicion of spying. Prosecutors said Daniel M. is "suspected of working for the intelligence agency of a foreign power since the start of 2012." The next day the Welt newspaper reported that man had been sent to Germany by Switzerland's NDB intelligence agency to identify German tax investigators involved in the purchase of confidential Swiss bank client data.
    (AP, 4/28/17)(AP, 4/30/17)

2017        Apr 29, In Germany a gold-and-platinum tiara adorned with 367 diamonds was discovered missing from the Badisches Landesmuesum in Karlsruhe. It was valued at $1.31 million and once belonged to Grand Duchess Hilda von Baden (1864-1952).
    (AP, 5/8/17)

2017        Apr 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Saudi Arabia to press royals on a number of sensitive issues, including taking in refugees, while also boosting important business ties in her first visit to the country in seven years.
    (AP, 4/30/17)

2017        May 1, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel offered diplomatic help to try to end the war in Yemen, as she ended a two-nation Gulf tour taking in the Arab world's largest economies with a stop in the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 5/1/17)

2017        May 2, Heinz Kessler (97), former East German defense minister, died in Berlin. As the country's last defense minister (1985 to 1989) he was responsible for a shoot-to-kill policy aimed at stopping people escaping to the West. He was sentenced to prison in 1991 for his role in the killing of people trying to flee the Communist state.
    (Reuters, 5/4/17)

2017        May 3, In Germany the state legislature of Baden-Wuerttemberg approved plans to introduce tuition fees for students from outside the European Union, starting with this year's winter semester.
    (AP, 5/3/17)

2017        May 4, The head of Germany's domestic intelligence agency accused Russian rivals of gathering large amounts of political data in cyber-attacks and said it was up to the Kremlin to decide whether it wanted to put it to use ahead of Germany's September elections.
    (Reuters, 5/4/17)

2017        May 11, German industrial conglomerate Siemens AG said it is cutting or outsourcing 2,700 jobs as part of efforts to modernize its IT operations and increase efficiency elsewhere.
    (AP, 5/11/17)

2017        May 15, Hungarian police arrested Horst Mahler, a notorious German neo-Nazi, in the northwestern city of Sopron. He had been seeking asylum after fleeing to avoid serving a prison sentence for Holocaust denial and anti-Semitic incitement.
    (AP, 5/15/17)

2017        May 16, Germany’s dpa news agency said a German court has convicted an Iraqi man (32) of raping two Chinese college students in the western city of Bochum. He was sentenced to 11 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/16/17)   

2017        May 19, In Germany the Munich state court convicted Gabriele P. (32) of killing her boyfriend and severing his head with a circular saw in December 2008. In 2016 police found the body, which she and two friends had allegedly buried several years earlier, in the garden of her Munich home.
    (AP, 5/19/17)
2017        May 19, German authorities arrested an Afghan man, identified as Omaid N. (20). He was accused of being a member of the Taliban and participating in the killing of an Afghan police officer in 2013.
    (AP, 5/23/17)
2017        May 19, In Germany a man (54) died after setting fire to himself in a central square in Munich. The man had scrawled slogans on his car along the lines of "Never again war on German soil" and "Amri is only the tip of the iceberg" — a reference to Anis Amri, the Tunisian who attacked a Christmas market in Berlin.
    (AP, 5/19/17)

2017        May 24, US-based Praxair and Germany-based Linde, two industrial gas firms, agreed to terms of a merger of equals worth $70 billion.
    (Econ 5/27/17, p.61)

2017        May 25, US President Donald Trump told fellow NATO leaders in Brussels that the United States would never stop fighting terrorism, calling the May 22 Manchester attacks "savage" and "barbaric," but made no explicit mention of NATO's mutual defense pact. Trump vowed to crack down on leaks that prompted Manchester police to withhold information from the United States about the investigation into this week's bombing. He also chastised NATO leaders for not paying their fair share to protect the long-standing alliance. Trump also criticized Germany as "very bad" on trade at a meeting with EU officials.
    (Reuters, 5/25/17)(AP, 5/25/17)(Reuters, 5/26/17)
2017        May 25, An Italian court opened the way for a class action lawsuit against automaker Volkswagen over its emissions scandal.
    (AP, 5/25/17)   

2017        May 26, Germany-based BMW said it is recalling more than 45,000 older 7-Series cars in the US because the doors can open unexpectedly while they're being driven.
    (AP, 5/26/17)

2017        May 31, In Germany Nurettin B. (39), whose last name was not released in line with privacy laws, was sentenced in Hannover state court to 14 years in prison for tying up his ex-partner and dragging her behind his car last November.
    (AP, 5/31/17)   

2017        Jun 1, Germany and China vowed to expand their partnership and pledged to continue fighting climate change as Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visited Berlin, sending a signal to Washington hours before US President Donald Trump announces if he will quit a global climate deal.
    (Reuters, 6/1/17)

2017        Jun 2, German police arrested a Romanian truck driver (40) suspected of raping and killing a woman in southwestern Germany last year and another woman in Austria in 2014. Both women were killed with an iron bar.
    (AP, 6/3/17)

2017        Jun 7, Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet decided to pull German troops and reconnaissance aircraft out of Turkey's Incirlik air base after Turkish officials refused to let lawmakers visit them. The 270 troops and 7 planes participating in the international coalition against the Islamic State group will redeploy to Jordan.
    (AP, 6/7/17)
2017        Jun 7, Germany's highest court said an extra tax on nuclear fuel is unconstitutional, paving the way for power companies to claim back more than 6 billion euros ($6.75 billion) paid between 2011 through 2016.
    (AP, 6/7/17)
2017        Jun 7, In Germany a Syrian man stabbed a Red Cross psychologist (30) to death at a counseling center for refugees in the western state of Saarland. The suspect (27) was arrested shortly after the attack.
    (AP, 6/7/17)

2017        Jun 8, In Germany the Hannover state court sentenced a German citizen, identified only as Saleh S. (18) in line with privacy rules, to eight years in prison for throwing homemade firebombs into the mall in Hannover in February 2016. He is the brother of a 16-year-old girl, Safia S., who was convicted in January of stabbing and wounding a police officer at the behest of the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 6/8/17)

2017        Jun 9, In Germany Felix R. (21) was arrested over the killing of two foreign women in Nuremberg. A woman (22) with Romanian and Hungarian citizenship was killed in Nuremberg on May 24. The second victim, a Chinese woman (44), was killed in the city June 5. DNA from the crime scene also corresponded to that of the suspect.
    (AP, 6/12/17)

2017        Jun 13, A German court convicted six young Syrian and Libyan refugees who tried to set fire to a sleeping homeless man last Christmas in a crime that sparked public outrage.
    (AFP, 6/13/17)
2017        Jun 13, In Germany a man (37) shot a police officer in the head and wounded two bystanders at the Unterfoehring subway station in Munich. The suspect was apprehended after being wounded in an exchange of fire with police.
    (SFC, 6/14/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 15, Austria and Germany voiced sharp criticism of the latest US sanctions against Moscow, saying they could affect European businesses involved in piping in Russian natural gas.
    (AP, 6/15/17)
2017        Jun 15, In Germany a man stabbed two of his children to death and seriously injured another in the eastern state of Thuringia. The suspect (27) was arrested and hospitalized for treatment of self-inflicted wounds.
    (AP, 6/15/17)
2017        Jun 15, Lidl, a German discount chain, opened nine  stores in Virginia, South Carolina and North Carolina. It planned up to 90 more stores US within a year.
    (Econ 6/17/17, p.59)

2017        Jun 16, Former German chancellor Helmut Kohl (87) died at his home in Ludwigshafen. The physically imposing chancellor (1982-1998), whose reunification of a nation divided by the Cold War, put Germany at the heart of a united Europe.
    (AP, 6/17/17)(Econ 6/24/17, p.82)

2017        Jun 19, The European Union approved 377 million euros ($420 million) in state aid from France and Germany for the development of a new Airbus helicopter.
    (AP, 6/19/17)

2017        Jun 22, Germany's parliament voted 502-57 to cut off parties with anti-constitutional aims from public funding, a move aimed at a far-right party that authorities tried unsuccessfully to ban.
    (AP, 6/22/17)

2017        Jun 25, In Belgium thousands of protesters demanded that Belgium immediately shut down two nuclear reactors because of safety concerns. People from Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands formed a human chain across the border triangle of the three countries over the safety of the pressure vessels at the Tihange 2 and Doel 3 reactors in Belgium.
    (AP, 6/25/17)

2017        Jun 27, A major ransomware attack hit computers at Russia's biggest oil company, the country's banks, Ukraine's international airport as well as Danish global shipping firm A.P. Moller-Maersk. Germany's Metro said its wholesale stores in the Ukraine have been hit by a cyber-attack and the retailer was assessing the impact.
    (Reuters, 6/27/17)

2017        Jun 30, Germany's parliament backed the legalization of same-sex marriage in a historic vote hailed by gay activists and leftist parties but criticized by some in Chancellor Angela Merkel's ruling conservative bloc and by the Catholic Church.
    (Reuters, 6/30/17)

2017        Jun, Germany's Network Enforcement Act of 2017 threatened platforms with fines up to €50m if they fail to take down illegal content within 24 hours of notification.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_Enforcement_Act)(Econ., 10/24/20, p.20)

2017        Jul 1, In Germany the 104th edition of the Tour de France got underway in rainy conditions in Duesseldorf. The three-week Tour concludes in Paris on July 23.
    (AP, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 2, In Germany some 4,000 people took part in the first major protest in Hamburg before the July 7-8 Group of 20 meeting.
    (AP, 7/2/17)

2017        Jul 3, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives promised more police, more homes and full employment within eight years when they presented their program for an election in which she will seek a fourth term in office.
    (Reuters, 7/3/17)
2017        Jul 3, In Germany eighteen people were killed when a tour bus carrying mostly pensioners smashed into a trailer truck and burst into flames on the A9 motorway near the small Bavarian town of Stammbach.
    (AFP, 7/3/17)
2017        Jul 3, France, Germany and the European Union pledged more money for Libya's coast guard and more support for Italy to cope with a surge of migrant arrivals from Africa.
    (AP, 7/3/17)

2017        Jul 4, German car giant Volkswagen said it was returning to the Iranian market for the first time in 17 years due to the lifting of economic sanctions.
    (AFP, 7/4/17)

2017        Jul 5, In Germany China’s President Xi Jinping and Chancellor Angela Merkel pledged to work together more closely on a range of issues, two days ahead of the G20 summit in Hamburg.
    (Reuters, 7/5/17)
2017        Jul 5, Airbus said it has won a major order from China of 140 planes for $22.8 billion, during a visit by President Xi Jinping to Berlin.
    (AP, 7/5/17)

2017        Jul 6, In Germany thousands of protesters from around Europe poured into the port city of Hamburg to join anti-capitalist demonstrations for the July 7-8 G20 summit. Hamburg reminded residents and visitors over Twitter that during the Group of 20 summit all recreational aircraft will be banned from flying.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)(AP, 7/6/17)
2017        Jul 6, US authorities accused Giovanni Pamio (60), a former Audi executive, of giving the orders to program diesel engines to cheat on emissions tests. He became the eighth former Volkswagen employee charged in the case that is being investigated by the FBI and the Environmental Protection Agency's criminal unit.
    (AP, 7/7/17)

2017        Jul 7, In Germany far-left protesters wrought chaos in Hamburg ahead of US President Donald Trump's first face-to-face talks with Russian leader Vladimir Putin at a G20 summit facing divisions among Western nations and tensions over North Korea.
    (AFP, 7/7/17)
2017        Jul 7, German prosecutors said they have arrested a former employee of the Volkswagen unit Audi in connection with the company's diesel scandal.
    (AP, 7/7/17)
2017        Jul 7, President Donald Trump, on the sidelines of the G20 meeting in Hamburg, said the United States is making very good progress on trade issues with Mexico, after a meeting with Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto, but he also repeated a pledge to make the southern neighbor pay for a border wall.
    (Reuters, 7/7/17)
2017        Jul 7, Russian President Vladimir Putin told US President Donald Trump that Moscow had not meddled in the US elections, and Trump accepted it, according to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. Trump and Putin engaged in a conversation during a G20 dinner.
    (Reuters, 7/8/17)(SFC, 7/19/17, p.A4)

2017        Jul 8, In Germany a final statement agreed by the leaders of the Group of 20 economic powers exposed a divide between the United States and other G20 members on the Paris climate accord aimed at combating climate change. The leaders of the other G20 members stated that the Paris Agreement is irreversible.
    (Reuters, 7/8/17)
2017        Jul 8, In Germany anti-globalization activists rioted violently for a second night as Hamburg hosted G20 leaders, setting up street barricades, looting supermarkets and attacking police with slingshots and firebombs.
    (AP, 7/8/17)

2017        Jul 9, In Germany anti-globalization activists rioted for a third consecutive night in Hamburg early today even after Group of 20 leaders had already left the city. Germans expressed anger over violence that hit the G20 world leaders' July 7-8 summit, raising awkward questions for Chancellor Angela Merkel less than three months before an election. Police said they had arrested 186 people and took 225 into custody.
    (AP, 7/9/17)(Reuters, 7/9/17)
2017        Jul 9, Germany began to pull its troops out of Turkey’s Incirlik air base where they have supported international operations against Islamic State following a row with Ankara over access.
    (Reuters, 7/9/17)
2017        Jul 9, The United Nations' cultural agency added to its list of World Heritage sites six caves in west Germany with art dating back to the Ice Age and old silver ore mines in southern Poland.
    (AP, 7/9/17)

2017        Jul 11, Germany’s dpa news agency reported that a Bavarian court has convicted Hans D. (62), a Buddhist monk, of more than 25 counts of sexually abusing children and sentenced him to seven years and nine months in prison.
    (AP, 7/11/17)

2017        Jul 12, German police arrested four suspects they linked to an Arabic criminal clan over the spectacular theft of a giant 100-kilogram (220-pound) gold coin from a Berlin museum early this year, but found no sign of the loot.
    (AFP, 7/12/17)

2017        Jul 13, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have opened the 19th annual summit between the two European countries, centered on security, defense and boosting the European project in a time of doubt.
    (AP, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 13, France and Germany agreed to develop a European fighter jet to replace their existing fleets, part of a raft of measures to tighten defense and security cooperation, according to a document issued after a Franco-German cabinet meeting in Paris.
    (Reuters, 7/13/17)

2017        Jul 18, In Germany a report released today said at least 547 members of the Domspatzen boys’ choir in Regensburg choir were physically or sexually abused between 1945 and 1992. It counted 500 cases of physical violence and 67 of sexual violence, committed by a total of 49 perpetrators. The choir was led from 1964 to 1994 by Benedict's brother, the Rev. Georg Ratzinger.
    (AP, 7/18/17)

2017        Jul 20, German customs authorities said they've seized over 3.8 tons of cocaine that arrived in Hamburg in shipping containers from South America in three operations between March and May.
    (AP, 7/20/17)
2017        Jul 20, Germany's president signed legislation legalizing gay marriage, paving the way for it to take effect this fall.
    (AP, 7/21/17)

2017        Jul 23, In Germany former Vietnamese oil executive Trinh Xuan Thanh was taken from the Tiergarten, a large forested park in central Berlin, by armed men.
    (Reuters, 8/2/17)     

2017        Jul 26, One of Germany's most notorious Islamist preachers, Sven Lau (36), was sentenced to five and a half years in jail for helping to recruit for Jaish al-Muhajiroun wal-Ansar (JMA) or Army of Emigrants and Supporters.
    (AFP, 7/26/17)

2017        Jul 27, Germany's transport minister announced plans for a fund to help cities modernize their transport systems and reduce pollution, but said it was too soon to bury the internal combustion engine.
    (Reuters, 7/27/17)

2017        Jul 28, In Germany a Palestinian man (26) stabbed one person to death and wounded six others in Hamburg. He was known to authorities as a suspected Islamic radical but also was psychologically unstable.
    (AP, 7/29/17)

2017        Jul 30, In Germany a shooting in a discotheque claimed two lives in Konstanz, including that of the gunman, and wounded four people, three of them seriously. Police identified the gunman as an Iraqi citizen (37).
    (AP, 7/30/17)

2017        Aug 1, German sources said the government will not force the car industry to make costly changes to engines to cut diesel emissions but will settle for software updates for around 2 million vehicles.
    (Reuters, 8/1/17)

2017        Aug 2, German automakers offered to help cut inner-city pollution by updating the software of 5 million diesel cars in an attempt to avert vehicle bans and repair their reputation.
    (Reuters, 8/2/17)
2017        Aug 2, Germany accused Vietnam of kidnapping a former Vietnamese oil executive who was seeking asylum in Berlin and taking him home to face accusations of corruption. Trinh Xuan Thanh was accused of causing around $150 million in losses at a Vietnamese state firm.
    (AP, 8/2/17)
2017        Aug 2, German prosecutors said Oskar Groening (96), a  former Auschwitz death camp guard, is fit to go to prison. He was convicted in 2015 as an accessory to murder. His lawyer said he will contest their decision.
    (AP, 8/2/17)
2017        Aug 2, Al-Qaida leader Ayman al-Zawahri posted an audio message online in which he said a man he identifies as Zuhair al-Maghribi (aka Said Bahaji) who worked for As-Sahab, the terror network's media arm, is a "martyr." The German man is believed to have provided logistical support to the Hamburg-based Sept. 11 hijackers.
    (AP, 8/8/17)
2017        Aug 2, Italian authorities impounded a German NGO's migrant rescue boat on suspicion of facilitating illegal immigration. The Iuventa was operated by the Jugend Rettet organization.
    (AFP, 8/2/17)

2017        Aug 7, In Germany some 2,600 pigs and piglets died in a fire at a farm southwest of Berlin that caused an estimated 800,000 euros ($950,000) in damage in the area of Frankenfoerde.
    (AP, 8/8/17)

2017        Aug 8, Germany’s wind power group Siemens Gamesa said it has installed Asia's tallest wind turbines, with a total height of 210 meters (230 yards), in Thailand.
    (Reuters, 8/8/17)

2017        Aug 10, Scientists in Germany said they have identified a new type of pox virus that's sickening young red squirrels in Berlin.
    (AP, 8/10/17)

2017        Aug 11, A German court sentenced three Syrian men for running a smuggling ring from Turkey to Europe over the deaths of 13 migrants in the Mediterranean in September 2015. The main suspect was sentenced to four years in prison and the man who piloted the dinghy two and a half years in prison. A third man, who liaised with the refugees' family members in Germany, was given two years on probation.
    (Reuters, 8/11/17)
2017        Aug 11, In Germany a 26-ton garbage truck tipped over on a road, crushing a car and killing five people, including at least four members of the same family in the Baden-Wuerttemberg town of Nagold.
    (AP, 8/11/17)

2017        Aug 14, In Germany the court in the town of Krefeld said Hartmut Hopp (73) must serve in Germany the five-year sentence given to him by a Chilean court in 2011 for 16 counts of aiding in the sexual abuse of children.
    (AP, 8/14/17)

2017        Aug 15, In Germany new licenses were awarded that will increase onshore wind energy capacity by more than 1 gigawatt, equal to that of a nuclear plant.
    (Reuters, 8/15/17)
2017        Aug 15, German efforts to overcome a diesel scandal were dealt a blow after prosecutors widened a Volkswagen probe and a key environmental group said steps proposed by automakers to cut pollution remained inadequate.
    (Reuters, 8/15/17)
2017        Aug 15, Germany's second largest airline, Air Berlin, filed for bankruptcy protection after its main shareholder, Abu Dhabi-based Etihad, said it would make no more financing available following years of unsuccessful turnaround attempts.
    (AP, 8/15/17)

2017        Aug 16, Deutsche Post DHL Group and US automaker Ford unveiled a jointly manufactured electric delivery van amid growing demand for emission-free utility vehicles.
    (AP, 8/16/17)
2017        Aug 16, Fiat-Chrysler said it will cooperate with BMW to develop self-driving cars.
    (SFC, 8/17/17, p.C2)

2017        Aug 19, In Germany anti-fascist activists gathered in the Berlin suburb of Spandau to protest against a vigil by some 500 neo-Nazis commemorating the 30th anniversary of the death of Nazi convict Rudolf Hess. Berlin police detained 39 people in connection with the march. 35 of those detained belonged to the far-right march, while four were taking part in the counter-protest.
    (Reuters, 8/19/17)(AP, 8/20/17)
2017        Aug 19, Spanish police in Granada arrested German-Turkish author Dogan Akhanli after Turkey issued an Interpol warrant for the writer, a critic of the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Akhanli was conditionally released the next day following a court hearing, but ordered to stay in Madrid while Turkey's extradition request is considered.
    (Reuters, 8/19/17)(AP, 8/20/17)

2017        Aug 20, It was reported that a Moscow court has rejected a request by Siemens to seize its gas turbines, which have turned up in Crimea contrary to EU sanctions, and to ban their installation ahead of preliminary hearings next month.
    (Reuters, 8/20/17)

2017        Aug 28, Germany said it had reached a deal with Egypt to stem the flow of migrants from the Arab country, part of a broader push by Berlin to head off waves of migrants that have stoked domestic political tensions.
    (Reuters, 8/28/17)
2017        Aug 28, German authorities raided the homes and workplaces of a police officer and another suspect on allegations they opposed the country's policy on migrants and were drawing up a "kill list" of left-wingers in the northeastern state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
    (AP, 8/28/17)
2017        Aug 28, German police said a nurse, identified only as Niels H., convicted in 2015 of two charges of attempted murder and two counts of murder by an Oldenburg court, is suspected of killing at least 84 other people.
    (Reuters, 8/28/17)
2017        Aug 28, The leaders of France, Germany, Italy and Spain met in Paris with counterparts from Libya, Niger and Chad to discuss ways to curb illegal migration across the Mediterranean Sea to European shores.
    (AP, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 29, The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) said Germany has reported an outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N8 bird flu virus in three swans in the central state of Saxony-Anhalt.
    (Reuters, 8/29/17)

2017        Aug 30, German officials said a Syrian man identified only as Abdullah K. (40), held on suspicion of fighting for an extremist group in his homeland, has hanged himself in a Hamburg jail cell.
    (AP, 8/30/17)

2017        Sep 1, In Germany the world's largest X-ray laser wen t online and will help them capture images of structures and processes at an atomic level. Scientists hoped the European XFEL project will open up new areas of research.
    (AP, 9/1/17)
2017        Sep 1, German’s Cologne Zoo said German-born Elizabeth Reichert (93), an American widow of a Holocaust survivor, is leaving it $22 million (18.5 million euros) in her will. Reichert has already started transferring $6,000 per month to the zoo. The entire sum is to be donated upon her death.
    (AP, 9/1/17)

2017        Sep 3, In Germany a political website of Julia Kloeckner, vice chairman of Merkel's Christian Democratic Union (CDU), saw some 3,000 attacks before a debate between Merkel and Social Democratic leader Martin Schulz.
    (Reuters, 9/4/17)
2017        Sep 3, German explosives experts started to defuse a massive WW II bomb in Frankfurt after tens of thousands of people evacuated their homes.
    (Reuters, 9/3/17)

2017        Sep 4, German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced plans to double to 1 billion euros ($1.19 billion) a fund aimed at cleaning up urban transport, in an effort to avert bans of diesel vehicles in some cities.
    (Reuters, 9/4/17)

2017        Sep 5, Authorities in Germany said they've recovered 15 stolen paintings and drawings by German artist Georg Baselitz worth around 2.5 million euros ($2.9 million). A man (51) was arrested last month for selling the art after returning from a trip abroad.
    (AP, 9/5/17)

2017        Sep 8, Germany dismissed Poland's threat to demand new talks over World War II reparations from Berlin, saying the issue had already been settled in 1953.
    (AFP, 9/8/17)

2017        Sep 11, German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel said Berlin had suspended major arms exports due to deteriorating human rights in Turkey and increasingly strained ties between the NATO allies.
    (Reuters, 9/12/17)
2017        Sep 11, A group of German women's organizations wrote to Chancellor Angela Merkel demanding more support for their goals of equal participation, equal pay and better monitoring of gender policies after the Sept. 24 election.
    (Reuters, 9/11/17)

2017        Sep 12, In Germany carmakers at the Frankfurt auto show unveiled low-emissions vehicles and technology strategies that they hope will let them profit from the sweeping changes expected to hit the auto industry in the next few years.
    (AP, 9/12/17)
2017        Sep 12, Bankrupt German airline Air Berlin said its existence is threatened by an apparent wildcat strike, after 200 pilots called in sick at short notice.
    (AP, 9/12/17)

2017        Sep 13, Eight Afghans with criminal records arrived in Kabul after their applications for asylum were rejected in Germany.
    (Reuters, 9/13/17)

2017        Sep 16, In Germany the 184th Oktoberfest opened in Munich.
    (SSFC, 9/17/17 p.A3)

2017        Sep 20, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel and her ministers expressed their support for a definition of anti-Semitism that includes attacks against religious institutions, the state of Israel and non-Jews who are attacked for anti-Semitic reasons.
    (AP, 9/20/17)
2017        Sep 20, Germany's Thyssenkrupp and Tata Steel of India signed a preliminary deal to merge their European steel operations, a combination that could lead to up to 4,000 job cuts.
    (AP, 9/20/17)

2017        Sep 22, Germany said it had ordered a second Vietnamese embassy official to leave the country, after the alleged July 23 kidnapping of Trinh Xuan Thanh, a Vietnamese businessman, who had applied for asylum and was facing corruption allegations back home. A day earlier Germany informed the Vietnamese ambassador it was temporarily suspending the strategic relationship between the two countries.
    (Reuters, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep 24, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel won a fourth term in office but faced the prospect of forming a coalition with two disparate new partners. The rightwing populist Alternative for Germany (AfD) poached one million votes from Merkel's conservatives, leaving her without an obvious coalition.
    (AP, 9/24/17)(AFP, 9/25/17)(SFC, 9/25/17 p.A3)

2017        Sep 26, In Germany Frankfurt customs found cocaine when an X-ray scan of packets containing two Spanish-language fairy-tale books posted from Uruguay showed "unusual shadows." The drugs had an estimated street value of about 30,000 euros ($34,950).
    (AP, 11/3/17)

2017        Sep 27, Finnish energy group Fortum offered to buy all the shares in German utility Uniper in an 8.05 billion-euro ($9.5 billion) deal that aims to boost Fortum's gas, hydroelectric and nuclear assets. Fortum offered to buy the 46.65 percent stake that Germany's E.ON holds and the rest of the shares for 22 euros each. E.ON has until early 2018 to decide whether to sell its stake
    (AP, 9/27/17)

2017        Sep 28, German’s police said a man has slipped a potentially lethal poison into food, including baby food, on sale in some supermarkets in an extortion scheme aimed at raising millions of euros. No cases of poisoning had been reported so far.
    (Reuters, 9/28/17)
2017        Sep 28, Munich prosecutors said they have arrested a second suspect in connection with an emissions scandal at carmaker Audi and have widened the number of suspects in their investigation.
    (Reuters, 9/28/17)

2017        Sep 29, German police arrested a suspect (55) in the case of an alleged extortionist who attempted to force supermarkets into coughing up tens of millions of euros by slipping a potentially lethal poison into baby food.
    (Reuters, 9/30/17)
2017        Sep 29, Shareholders in Rosneft, a Russia energy giant, appointed Germany’s ex-chancellor Gerhard Schroder as a board director.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y7srpcpj)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.64)

2017        Oct 1, In Germany same-sex couples married for the first time, with several dozen couples tying the knot at civil registry offices that opened specially to mark the coming into force of a law passed by parliament in June.
    (Reuters, 10/1/17)

2017        Oct 3, In Germany specialists defused a 250-kg (550-pound) bomb successfully in the Tempelhof-Schoeneberg district of Berlin after some 10,000 people were evacuated from their homes. It had been found during construction work near a freight depot and was described by police as a German bomb with a Russian detonator.
    (AP, 10/3/17)

2017        Oct 5, German prosecutors said they have closed an investigation into suspected mass phone tapping of German citizens by British and US spies after finding no concrete indication of any criminal activity.
    (Reuters, 10/5/17)

2017        Oct 9, In Germany burglars broke into Berlin’s immigration office and stole blank identification documents, stamps and seals.
    (AP, 10/10/17)

2017        Oct 12, In Germany Lufthansa CEO Carsten Spohr said that the airline will sign an agreement to buy large parts of the bankrupt carrier Air Berlin.
    (AP, 10/12/17)

2017        Oct 16, A Berlin court sentenced Ursula Haverbeck (88) to six months in prison for denying the Holocaust and for inciting hatred. A court in North Rhine-Westphalia last summer gave her a 10-month prison sentence for the same charges. She avoided going to jail by appealing the verdict.
    (AP, 10/17/17)

2017        Oct 18, German researchers published a paper that showed a 76 percent decline in bug numbers over a 27-year period. The midsummer loss was up to 82 percent. They speculated that intensive agriculture and pesticide use may be to blame.
    (AP, 10/19/17)
2017        Oct 18, German brothers Maxim and Raphael Nitsche sold Cogeon, maker of the app Math 42, to California-based education publisher Chegg Inc. in a deal worth at least 12.5 million euros ($15 million). The Math 42 app was first launched five years ago.
    (AP, 10/19/17)

2017        Oct 20, German magazine Der Spiegel reported that Germany will wait for Israeli prosecutors to conclude all investigations in a corruption scandal involving PM Benjamin Netanyahu before delivering three submarines in a $2 billion defense deal.
    (Reuters, 10/20/17)

2017        Oct 22, In Germany several thousand people marched past Berlin's Reichstag building to protest "hate and racism in parliament" as newly elected lawmakers from the nationalist, anti-migration Alternative for Germany party prepared to take their seats.
    (AP, 10/22/17)

2017        Oct 23, The German government said it approved the sale of three Thyssenkrupp submarines to Israel and will provide financial support for the purchase.
    (Reuters, 10/23/17)
2017        Oct 23, In Germany a right-wing extremist member of a group that claims allegiance to Adolf Hitler's World War Two-era German Reich was convicted of murder for shooting and killing a police officer last October and sentenced to life in prison.
    (Reuters, 10/23/17)

2017        Oct 24, German Broadcaster ZDF reported that employees of a security company that runs several refugee camps in Berlin were luring asylum seekers, some of them minors, into prostitution.
    (Reuters, 10/26/17)

2017        Oct 26, Germany’s dpa news reported that a Swiss man has confessed to a Frankfurt court that he spied for his country on German tax investigators between July 2011 and February 2015, in a case that has sparked tension between the two nations.
    (AP, 10/26/17)

2017        Oct 27, Air Berlin, Germany's second-biggest airline, ended operations after 38 years with an evening Munich-to-Berlin flight.
    (AP, 10/28/17)

2017        Oct 28, British budget airline easyJet said it has reached an agreement with Air Berlin to buy parts of the bankrupt German airline as part of a 40-million euro ($46 million) deal.
    (AP, 10/28/17)

2017        Oct 29, In Germany the "Green Belt" project, first conceived in the 1970s, was awarded the German Environmental Prize at a ceremony in the northern city of Braunschweig. The 1,400-km long swatch of land marked the former border between East and West Germany is now a refuge for a broad variety of flora and fauna.
    (Reuters, 10/29/17)
2017        Oct 29, High winds knocked down trees and caused widespread travel chaos across much of Central Europe, leaving five people dead and several injured in the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany and Poland.
    (AP, 10/29/17)

2017        Oct 31, German police arrested a Syrian (19) suspected of planning an Islamist-motivated bomb attack in Germany with the aim of killing as many people as possible. Yamen A. was arrested in the early hours in the northeastern town of Schwerin.
    (Reuters, 10/31/17)

2017        Nov 2, Volkswagen’s premium carmaker Audi said it would recall 4,997 of its A8 model vehicles with V8 diesel engines in Europe to update software after it found they emitted too much nitrogen oxide.
    (Reuters, 11/2/17)

2017        Nov 3, Britain, Canada, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands issued a statement late today critical of Egypt’s detention of Ibrahim Metwaly, who was helping investigate the 2016 murder of Italian student Giulio Regeni. Metwaly was taken by airport security in September while heading to Geneva to attend a UN conference on enforced disappearances.
    (Reuters, 11/5/17)

2017        Nov 4, In Germany some 25 thousand demonstrators marched through Bonn to protest the use of fossil fuels ahead of a global climate conference being held in the western German city next week.
    (AP, 11/4/17)(SSFC, 11/5/17, p.A4)

2017        Nov 5, In Germany more than 2,500 anti-coal demonstrators protested in the western town of Kerpen and at a nearby surface-mining site before an upcoming global climate conference in Bonn.
    (AP, 11/5/17)

2017        Nov 6, The UN said this year will be among the three hottest on record, as almost 200 countries began talks in Germany to bolster a global climate accord that the United States plans to quit.
    (Reuters, 11/6/17)

2017        Nov 7, Syria said at UN climate talks in Bonn that it would join the Paris Agreement, leaving the United States as the only nation to say it will remain outside the landmark treaty.
    (AFP, 11/7/17)

2017        Nov 8, Germany's highest court decided that people must be allowed to be entered in official records as neither male nor female, saying in a published ruling that authorities should create a third identity or scrap gender entries altogether.
    (AP, 11/8/17)

2017        Nov 9, In Germany a Swiss man (Daniel M.) was given a 22-month suspended prison sentence for spying on German tax officials between July 2011 and February 2015.
    (AP, 11/9/17)
2017        Nov 9, German police detained a 29-year-old man suspected of trading narcotic drugs internationally over the internet through anonymous websites and sending them by mail to customers in Germany. A day earlier, in Ingolstadt in Bavaria, police had arrested a man who had ordered marijuana and amphetamines. In cooperation with Dutch authorities, police soon seized 400,000 euros ($470,840) and 75 kg (165 lb) of ecstasy, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamine and heroin at the apartments of the suspect and at his mother in the Netherlands.
    (Reuters, 11/22/17)
2017        Nov 9, A coalition of US cities, companies and other groups said that many in the United States remained committed to the 2015 Paris climate agreement despite plans by US President Donald Trump to pull out. The coalition opened a 2,500-square meter tent pavilion outside the COP23 UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn.
    (AP, 11/9/17)

2017        Nov 13, German police published videos showing three former members of the Red Army Faction (RAF) militant group taking part in a 2016 armed robbery in northern Germany, and called for public help to track them down.
    (Reuters, 11/13/17)

2017        Nov 14, Brazil’s government said Germany and Britain will provide a combined $153 million to expand programs to fight climate change and deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.
    (Reuters, 11/14/17)

2017        Nov 16, German police said they have arrested a Dutch man earlier this week accused of running an international narcotics business from his apartment, after seizing drugs with an estimated street value of 3 million euros ($3.5 million).
    (AP, 11/16/17)
2017        Nov 16, In Germany delegates at UN climate talks in Bonn said at least 15 countries have joined an international alliance to phase out coal from power generation before 2030. China and 18 other nations representing half the world's population said they planned to increase the use of wood and other plant matter from sustainable sources to generate energy as part of efforts to limit climate change.
    (Reuters, 11/16/17)

2017        Nov 17, In Germany global talks on curbing climate change wrapped up, with delegates and observers claiming progress on several key details of the 2015 Paris accord.
    (AP, 11/17/17)

2017        Nov 18, In Germany hundreds of people formed a human chain between the United States and North Korean embassies in downtown Berlin during a protest of the rising tensions and harsh words between the two nations.
    (AP, 11/18/17)

2017        Nov 19, In Germany coalition talks to form a new government failed late today.
    (Reuters, 11/20/17)

2017        Nov 21, German police displayed around 100 recovered items that belonged to late Beatles star John Lennon that were stolen in 2006 from his widow in New York. Police a day earlier arrested a suspect and raided his Berlin home and cars. A second suspect, who is living in Turkey, was currently not available.
    (AP, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 28, Airbus, Siemens and Rolls-Royce said they are teaming up to develop a hybrid passenger plane that would use a single electric turbofan along with three conventional jet engines running on aviation fuel.
    (AP, 11/28/17)

2017        Dec 3, In western Germany a fire in a multi-story apartment building killed at least four people and left 23 others injured so far in the city of Saarbruecken.
    (AP, 12/3/17)

2017        Dec 4, Ragia Omran, a prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, was among 15 rights defenders from around the world to receive the Franco-German Prize for Human Rights and the Rule of Law, for her work representing political prisoners and torture victims as well as advocating for women's rights.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9acyam7)(AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 8, In Germany French President Emmanuel Macron was awarded Aachen’s prestigious International Charlemagne Prize for contributions to European unity in recognition of his "vision of a new Europe."
    (AP, 12/7/17)
2017        Dec 8, Britain, France, Germany, Sweden and Italy called on the United States to put forward detailed proposals for peace between Israel and the Palestinians and described as "unhelpful" a decision by President Donald Trump to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
    (Reuters, 12/8/17)

2017        Dec 9, In Germany the Swedish comedy "The Square" swept this year's European Film Awards in Berlin, winning six prizes, including for best film, director and screenwriter. This year's best actress award went to Alexandra Borbely of Slovakia for her role in "On Body and Soul."
    (AP, 12/10/17)

2017        Dec 10, The head of Germany's domestic intelligence agency said the number of Islamic radicals is growing and becoming increasingly difficult to keep under surveillance as recruiting efforts move underground. He also warned that China is allegedly using social networks to try to cultivate lawmakers and other officials as sources.
    (AP, 12/10/17)(AP, 12/11/17)

2017        Dec 12, German lawmakers extended the military's participation in missions against the Islamic State group and in Afghanistan, Mali and Iraq until the spring of 2018.
    (AP, 12/12/17)
2017        Dec 12, Germany's KBA automotive watchdog announced a recall of Volkswagen's flagship European sport-utility vehicles (SUV) with 3-litre diesel engines after detecting two illicit emissions control devices in the models.
    (Reuters, 12/12/17)

2017        Dec 13, The Dutch government said it is joining Austria's lawsuit against Germany at the European Court of Justice over plans for a road toll for foreign drivers.
    (Reuters, 12/13/17)

2017        Dec 18, German government officials said Turkey has released German journalist Mesale Tolu after nearly eight months in prison on the condition that she does not leave the country.
    (AP, 12/18/17)

2017        Dec 19, German authorities arrested an Afghan man (21) accused of being a member of the Taliban. Jabar N. told investigators he left Afghanistan via Iran, Turkey and Greece in the summer of 2015.
    (AP, 12/20/17)

2017        Dec 20, The European Union's top court ruled that the bloc's divorce regulations don't cover private agreements, throwing a case back to a Munich court to decide whether to recognize a divorce granted under religious Sharia law to a couple who are both Syrian-German.
    (AP, 12/20/17)

2017        Dec 21, The EU approved a deal that will see Lufthansa take over part of defunct Air Berlin, formerly the second-largest carrier in Germany.
    (AP, 12/21/17)

2017        Dec 22, In Germany a Romanian truck driver was convicted of murder and rape in the killing last year of a woman (27) who was out jogging in a forest in Endingen. Austria sought the man's extradition for a further trial there over the killing in 2014 of a French female student in Kufstein.
    (AP, 12/22/17)

2017        Dec 25, German billionaire Erich Kellerhals (78), co-founder of electronics retail giant Media Markt and a major shareholder in its current owner Ceconomy, died.
    (Reuters, 12/28/17)

2017        Dec 27, In Germany an Afghan asylum-seeker (15) fatally stabbed his ex-girlfriend, a German of the same age, in a drugstore in Kandel. The suspect was taken into custody on suspicion of manslaughter.
    (AP, 12/28/17)

2017        Dec 28, In Germany four men used a hammer to break down part of a concrete wall at the Ploetzensee prison before climbing over a barbed-wire fence. On Jan. 2 one of the escapees turned himself in.
    (AP, 12/28/17)(AP, 1/2/18)

2017        Dec 29, Germany's constitutional court ruled that Oskar Groening (96) must go to jail over his role in mass murders committed at the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz during World War Two, refusing to overturn a lower court ruling.
    (Reuters, 12/29/17)

2018        Jan 1, German police said that a man (35) died after igniting fireworks, and a 19-year-old suffered fatal head injuries after he set off a homemade device in the Brandenburg region outside Berlin. Police in Cologne said there were seven cases of sexual harassment, while Berlin police reported 13.
    (AP, 1/1/18)

2018        Jan 3, In Germany a government study said violent crime rose by about 10 percent in 2015 and 2016. It attributed more than 90 percent of that to young male refugees.
    (Reuters, 1/3/18)

2018        Jan 4, Germany's highest civil and criminal court ruled that a transsexual woman, who used sperm she had banked prior to her sex change to have a baby with her female partner, cannot be legally registered as the child's mother.
    (Reuters, 1/4/18)
2018        Jan 4, South Korea’s Hyundai Motor Co. said it will begin selling its first self-driving vehicles by 2021 in partnership with US based self-driving technology startup Aurora Innovation Inc. Hyundai and Volkswagen each said they're partnering with Aurora Innovation, a US autonomous vehicle tech firm led by former executives from Google, Tesla and Uber.
    (AP, 1/4/18)

2018        Jan 6, Germany and Turkey's foreign ministers agreed to pull out all the stops to improve ties that have soured due to disputes over Ankara's post-coup crackdown and the arrests of German citizens in Turkey, but they stressed differences remain.
    (Reuters, 1/6/18)

2018        Jan 8, Germany's powerful metalworkers' union launched mass strikes over pay and working hours that could impact a key industry and the shape of labor nationwide. IG Metall demanded that all workers have the option to temporarily switch to a 28-hour week in the pursuit of better work-life balance.
    (AFP, 1/8/18)
2018        Jan 8, A bid by International Airlines Group, the parent of British Airways and Iberia, to acquire much of bankrupt Air Berlin's Niki division hit a legal stumbling block with an appeals court ruling. The Berlin state court decided that a Berlin administrative court did not have the jurisdiction to handle the insolvency of Austria-based Niki and that it's up to an Austrian court to decide.
    (AP, 1/8/18)

2018        Jan 9, German prosecutors said they had arrested Milorad Obradovic (51), a Bosnian Serb man. He was suspected of taking part in the illegal detention of around 120 Bosnian Muslim civilians in the village of Miska Glava, near the northwestern town of Prijedor, in July 1992, and their summary execution in nearby Ljubija.
    (AP, 1/9/18)
2018        Jan 9, In Germany and Italy 169 people, including mayors, businessmen and local administrators, were arrested in a large anti-mafia blitz against clan members who controlled restaurants, garbage collection and funeral services.
    (Reuters, 1/9/18)

2018        Jan 10, Germany's Central Council of Jews said new migrants to Germany must visit Nazi concentration camp memorials to help tackle a perceived rise in anti-Semitism, supporting a proposal by a Palestinian-German politician.
    (Reuters, 1/10/18)

2018        Jan 11, German authorities said they have arrested eight suspected members of an online pedophile network in what they describe as one of the most serious child sexual abuse cases they ever investigated. All the arrests occurred last fall.
    (AP, 1/11/18)
2018        Jan 11, A German federal court overturned the acquittal of seven men who posed as a self-styled "Sharia police" in Wuppertal, ordering a retrial on charges that they violated rules on wearing uniforms.
    (AP, 1/11/18)

2018        Jan 12, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and Social Democrat (SPD) reached a deal that paves the way for a coalition government, saying its provisional terms were good for Europe.
    (Reuters, 1/12/18)

2018        Jan 13, Left-wing German Social Democrats lobbied party members against joining Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives in a re-run of their 2013-2017 alliance, a week before delegates are asked to back a coalition blueprint.
    (Reuters, 1/13/18)

2018        Jan 14, Germany's defense minister says her country is delivering millions of dollars' worth of equipment to Jordan's military to improve the kingdom's border surveillance.
    (AP, 1/14/18)

2018        Jan 15, It was reported that Japan's Softbank is investing 460 million euros ($558 million) in German used car trading platform AUTO1. The Berlin-based company was launched in 2012 and operates in over 30 countries, selling more than 40,000 cars a month on its associated sites.
    (AP, 1/15/18)

2018        Jan 17, Germany and Poland said they would consider setting up a commission to explore Polish calls for reparations for German actions during World War Two.
    (Reuters, 1/17/18)
2018        Jan 17, A copy of Lithuania's 1918 Independence Act found in German archives was returned to the Baltic country, but only on loan, to be returned in 2023.
    (AP, 1/17/18)

2018        Jan 18, German railway operator Deutsche Bahn suspended all long-distance rail service across Germany due to a powerful storm blowing across Germany and the Netherlands.
    (Reuters, 1/18/18)
2018        Jan 18, In the Netherlands at least 260 flights were scrapped and falling roof tiles led to the closure of airport terminals as powerful winds toppled trees and blew trucks off the road. Three people were killed in the Netherlands, three in Germany and one person in Belgium.
    (Reuters,  1/18/18)(AFP,  1/18/18)(SFC, 1/19/18, p.A5)

2018        Jan 19, In Germany a man identified only as Philipp K. (33), who sold the pistol used by a teenager in a deadly 2016 shooting rampage in Munich, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter and other offenses and was sentenced to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 1/19/18)

2018        Jan 21, Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) voted to begin formal coalition talks with Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives, moving Europe's economic powerhouse one step closer to a stable government after months of political deadlock.
    (Reuters, 1/21/18)
2018        Jan 21, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel pledged to agree on a new French-German treaty this year to deepen cooperation between the two countries.
    (AP, 1/21/18)

2018        Jan 22, German and French lawmakers stressed the need for closer cooperation between the two nations as they mark the 55th anniversary of the 1963 signing of the Elysee friendship treaty.
    (AP, 1/22/18)
2018        Jan 22, German public prosecutors said they had brought new charges against former nurse Niels Hoegel, already serving a life sentence for murdering two patients, accusing him of killing another 97 people with lethal injections.
    (Reuters, 1/22/18)(SFC, 1/23/18, p.A2)

2018        Jan 23, In Germany a small aircraft crashed midair with a helicopter northwest of Stuttgart, killing four people.
    (AP, 1/23/18)

2018        Jan 24, In Germany named as Amaechi Fred O. (27), a Nigerian man suspected of being a member of Boko Haram and killing people in Nigeria during attacks on schools and a village, was arrested in Bavaria.
    (Reuters, 1/26/18)

2018        Jan 25, It was reported that Germany's caretaker government has decided to put on hold any decision on upgrading German-made tanks in Turkey as requested by its NATO ally Ankara.
    (Reuters, 1/25/18)

2018        Jan 27, German police shut down a tense demonstration in Cologne, after around 15,000 Kurds took to the streets to protest Turkey's offensive in northern Syria.
    (AFP, 1/27/18)

2018        Jan 29, The German government dismissed as unjustifiable any auto emissions testing on monkeys or people. German daily Stuttgarter Zeitung reported at the weekend that a research organization funded by German carmakers sponsored scientific experiments testing nitrogen dioxide, a gas found in exhaust fumes, on people.
    (Reuters, 1/29/18)

2018        Jan 30, In Lebanon German Pres. Frank-Walter Steinmeier met with Lebanese PM Saad Hariri in Beirut, where they discussed Berlin's participation in upcoming international conferences aimed at shoring up Lebanon's security forces and boosting its economy. Steinmeier also met with local Christian and Muslim spiritual leaders on the second day of his visit.
    (AP, 1/30/18)

2018        Jan 31, In Germany Marcel Hesse (20) was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison for killing a child and a 22-year-old acquaintance last March.
    (AP, 1/31/18)

2018        Jan, Two amateur archeologists found a silver coin on the German island of Ruegen. The state's archeology office became involved and soon uncovered hundreds of silver coins linked to the 10th century reign of Danish King Harald Gormsson.
    (SFC, 4/17/18, p.A2)

2018        Feb 1, German lawmakers approved a measure extending rules limiting migrants' rights to bring close relatives to the country, paving the way for a new migrant plan this summer.
    (AP, 2/1/18)
2018        Feb 1, German police arrested six members of the far right National Democratic Party (NDP), who were handing out tear gas bottles and flyers in the eastern city of Cottbus and said they were stepping up security ahead of an anti-refugee protest there on February 3.
    (Reuters, 2/1/18)
2018        Feb 1, Industrial workers in Germany began a second day of 24-hour strikes over pay and working hours, affecting companies including carmakers VW and Ford .
    (Reuters, 2/1/18)

2018        Feb 2, Weekly magazine Der Spiegel reported that Germany has granted asylum to four Turkish soldiers, including one Ankara accuses of playing a leading role in the failed military coup of July 2016, in a new setback for relations between the two countries.
    (Reuters, 2/2/18)
2018        Feb 2, In northwest Germany a mosque in the town of Oer-Erkenschwick may no longer broadcast its Friday midday call to prayer by loudspeaker for now after a local court upheld a challenge by a couple who live nearly 1 km (1,000 yards) away.
    (Reuters, 2/2/18)
2018        Feb 2, Car factories across Germany were at a standstill as industrial workers staged a third day of 24-hour strikes, focusing on plants owned by Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, Audi and BMW.
    (Reuters, 2/2/18)

2018        Feb 3, The head of Germany's domestic intelligence agency said North Korea has used its embassy in Berlin to acquire equipment apparently intended for its missile or nuclear programs.
    (AP, 2/3/18)
2018        Feb 3, Arab refugees and Germans carrying pro-immigrant and anti-fascism placards marched in Cottbus to denounce what they say are attempts by far-right groups to stoke tension in the eastern city after two knife attacks by Syrian teenagers.
    (Reuters, 2/3/18)

2018        Feb 4, In Germany US soldier 1st Sgt. Nicholas S. Amsberry (34), who was deployed to Europe as part of a mission to reassure eastern European allies, was found dead near a train station in the town of Parsberg.
    (AP, 2/6/18)

2018        Feb 5, In southwestern Germany a family of four was found dead in Esslingen. Police said their house had elevated carbon monoxide levels.
    (AP, 2/5/18)
2018        Feb 5, Software maker NVIDIA and German auto parts supplier Continental said they are teaming to build a self-driving vehicle system that will hit the market in 2021.
    (AP, 2/5/18)

2018        Feb 6, Germany's biggest industrial union and employers reached a wage deal that gives workers the equivalent of 3.5 percent annual raises over 27 months and the chance to work a 28-hour week for up to two years.
    (AP, 2/6/18)

2018        Feb 7, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives made major concessions to the center-left Social Democrats (SPD) to agree a coalition deal that should give Europe's powerhouse a new government after four months of uncertainty. Merkel handed her Social Democrat (SPD) coalition partners control of the finance ministry, giving them license to spend a record budget surplus, and embracing their demands for European reform.
    (Reuters, 2/7/18)

2018        Feb 8, The Christian Social Union (CSU), the smallest partner in Germany's prospective new government, signed off on the coalition deal giving Chancellor Angela Merkel a stable government for her fourth term.
    (AP, 2/8/18)

2018        Feb 12, In Germany millions of dressed-up revelers and schoolchildren took to the streets across the country to celebrate Carnival with elaborate costumes and fervor.
    (AP, 2/12/18)
2018        Feb 12, Germany’s dpa news agency reported that a local court has ruled that Facebook's insistence that users provide their real names violates the country's data protection laws.
    (AP, 2/12/18)
2018        Feb 12, In Germany several people died after a truck struck two cars on the A5 Autobahn, pushing the smaller vehicles under another tractor-trailer near Walldorf.
    (AP, 2/12/18)

2018        Feb 16, In southern Germany dozens of world leaders, top defense officials and diplomats gathered for the Munich Security Conference amid growing strains between the US and other NATO nations and Russia over the conflicts in Syria and Ukraine.
    (AP, 2/16/18)
2018        Feb 16, At the Munich Security Conference the defense ministers of Germany and France pledged to redouble their military and foreign policy cooperation efforts, inviting other European countries to participate if they felt ready to do so.
    (Reuters, 2/16/18)

2018        Feb 21, In Germany John Ausonius (64), one of Sweden's most notorious criminals, was sentenced to life in prison by a Frankfurt court for a murder he was convicted of having committed in Frankfurt more than 25 years ago.
    (Reuters, 2/21/18)
2018        Feb 21, Scientists in Germany who developed a new way to make a key malaria drug several years ago said they have come up with a technique to make the process even more efficient, which should increase global access and reduce the cost.
    (AP, 2/21/18)

2018        Feb 22, Germany said it is withdrawing a system of special visa treatment for Cambodian officials, including PM Hun Sen and his family, citing the southeast Asian country's crackdown on the opposition.
    (AP, 2/22/18)
2018        Feb 22, A court in southeastern Germany has sentenced a former Catholic priest to 8½ years in prison for child sex abuse. The court found the defendant guilty of abusing five boys on more than 100 occasions since the mid-1990s. The man was previously imprisoned for sexual offenses from 2003 to 2009. A church court expelled him from the priesthood in 2008.
    (AP, 2/22/18)

2018        Feb 23, In western Germany a food bank in Essen drew widespread criticism for its decision to stop giving access cards to foreigners, who it says make up a growing percentage of its users. The move was hailed by some far-right groups.
    (AP, 2/23/18)
2018        Feb 23, Germany said another of its citizens has been released from jail in Turkey, a week after German-Turkish journalist Deniz Yucel was freed from detention in a move that helped to ease tensions between the two NATO allies.
    (Reuters, 2/23/18)

2018        Feb 26, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives approved a coalition deal with the Social Democrats (SPD), bringing closer a fourth term for her as well as an end to political limbo in Europe's preeminent power.
    (Reuters, 2/26/18)

2018        Feb 27, A top German court ruled that cities can impose diesel driving bans to combat air pollution, a landmark decision that plunges millions of drivers into uncertainty.
    (AFP, 2/27/18)

2018        Feb 28, Germany said security officials were investigating an isolated attack on its government computer networks, but the incident had been brought under control.
    (Reuters, 3/1/18)

2018        Mar 1, In Germany a top interior ministry official said security officials allowed hackers "controlled" access to government networks in order to track possible culprits and their methods, as outraged lawmakers complained about being kept in the dark.
    (Reuters, 3/1/18)
2018        Mar 1, In Germany police arrested Russian businessman Andrei Kovalchuk (49), accused of smuggling nearly 400 kg of cocaine from Argentina into Russia.
    (AP, 3/2/18)

2018        Mar 2, Police in western Germany arrested a leading member of the Italian mafia who is wanted in his home country since 2013.
    (AP, 3/2/18)
2018        Mar 2, Turkey requested that German authorities detain and extradite wanted Syrian Kurdish politician Salih Muslim, the former co-chair of the Democratic Union Party, or PYD.
    (AP, 3/5/18)

2018        Mar 4, Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) decisively backed another coalition with Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives, clearing the way for a new government in Europe's largest economy after months of political uncertainty.
    (Reuters, 3/4/18)

2018        Mar 7, A German court sentenced seven men and one woman to four to 10 years in jail for founding the far-right terrorist “Freital Group" responsible for attempted murder and bomb attacks on refugee shelters and politicians in the former Communist East.
    (Reuters, 3/7/18)
2018        Mar 7, German prosecutors said they have indicted a Vietnamese man (47) on suspicion of espionage and involvement in the kidnap former Vietnamese oil executive Trinh Xuan Thanh and a woman accompanying him in Berlin last year.
    (AP, 3/7/18)
2018        Mar 7, German and Romanian officials raided homes and hotels in both countries to smash an illegal migrant trafficking ring they said was one of the biggest of its kind in Europe.
    (AP, 3/7/18)
2018        Mar 7, Germany’s Cabinet agreed to extend six overseas military missions, including its long-running operation in Afghanistan. It will increase the maximum number of troops deployed as part of the international "Resolute Support" mission by 320 to 1,300.
    (AP, 3/7/18)
2018        Mar 7, Germany deported a group of Egyptians to Cairo over violations of residency requirements, including those whose asylum requests were rejected.
    (AP, 3/8/18)
2018        Mar 7, European police said they have smashed an international weapons-smuggling ring operating in at least four countries. Police said the group traded firearms in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and France.
    (AP, 3/7/18)

2018        Mar 8, Germany’s the Federal Environmental Agency said some 6,000 early deaths linked to nitrogen oxides (NOx) are recorded each year in the country.
    (AP, 3/8/18)

2018        Mar 11, In Germany a mosque in the Reinickendorf district of Berlin was set ablaze early today, likely by three teenagers. Firebombs were also thrown at a Turkish immigrants' association in the western town of Meschede.
    (AP, 3/11/18)
2018        Mar 11, Cardinal Karl Lehmann (81), the former head of Germany's Catholic Bishops Conference, died at his home in Mainz.
    (AP, 3/11/18)

2018        Mar 14, German lawmakers voted to re-elect Angela Merkel as chancellor for a fourth term, that may prove her most challenging yet as she takes charge of a fragile coalition with her personal standing diminished.
    (Reuters, 3/14/18)
2018        Mar 14, German industrial group Siemens announced plans to invest a billion euros in Brazil over the next five years.
    (AFP, 3/14/18)

2018        Mar 15, The leaders of the United States, France and Germany joined Britain in blaming Russia for poisoning a former spy with a powerful nerve agent.
    (AP, 3/15/18)

2018        Mar 21, German authorities confirmed outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N6 bird flu type at a farm off the German North Sea coast. The virus was found on a farm of with 57 chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese on the island of Hallig Suederoog. All the birds on the farm have been culled.
    (Reuters, 3/21/18)
2018        Mar 21, The European Union approved Bayer's $57 billion buyout of Monsanto in a massive agriculture business deal, but said they will have to shed over $7.4 billion in firms and other remedies to ensure fair competition in the market.
    (AP, 3/21/18)

2018        Mar 22, A German court sentenced Afghan migrant Hussein K. to life in prison for raping and murdering a university student in Freiburg in 2016.
    (Reuters, 3/22/18)

2018        Mar 23, In Germany the decapitated body of Gerd Michael Straten (59), a homeless former picture framer, was discovered at main cemetery on Koblenz, where he regularly spent the night. Police later offered a 10,000 euro ($12,400) reward for information about the killing.
    (AP, 3/28/18)

2018        Mar 25, Carles Puigdemont, the fugitive ex-leader of Catalonia and ardent separatist, was arrested by German police on an international warrant as he tried to enter the country from Denmark. Puigdemont faces charges in Spain including rebellion that could put him in prison for up to 30 years.
    (AP, 3/25/18)

2018        Mar 28, German police searched the homes of 10 people suspected of providing support to the far-right extremist "Freital Group" in the states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Bavaria.
    (AP, 3/28/18)
2018        Mar 28, German Automakers Daimler and BMW said they agreed to merge their transportation services businesses, so they can expand offerings in ride-hailing apps, car-sharing, parking, and charging electric cars.
    (AP, 3/28/18)

2018        Mar 29, German police seized 16 kilos (35.3 pounds) of cocaine with a street value of 678,000 euros ($833,000) during a check on a highway near the Dutch border. They found the drugs hidden in an Italian-registered Volvo being driven along the A61 highway near Moenchengladbach by a 28-year-old Albanian man.
    (AP, 4/4/18)
2018        Mar 29, It was reported that Volkswagen AG has paid more than $7.4 billion to buy back about 350,000 US diesel vehicles through mid-February. The German automaker has been storing hundreds of thousands of vehicles around the US for months.
    (Reuters, 3/28/18)

2018        Mar 30, Russia ordered new cuts to the number of British envoys in the country, escalating a dispute with the West over the poisoning of an ex-spy in Britain. Scores of foreign ambassadors streamed into the Russian Foreign Ministry in Moscow to receive the notices given to 23 nations: Albania, Australia, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.
    (AP, 3/30/18)

2018        Mar 31, In Germany a bus driver was killed and 18 other people were injured when the bus drove into a truck on a Bavarian highway early today.
    (AP, 3/31/18)

2018        Apr 1, In Germany hundreds of Catalan independence supporters marched in Berlin to demand the release of ex-regional president Carles Puigdemont, who was arrested in Germany last week and faces extradition to Spain on rebellion charges.
    (AFP, 4/1/18)

2018        Apr 2, Israel announced it had reached a deal with the UN refugee agency to cancel a controversial plan to deport African migrants and replace it with a new one that will see thousands sent to Western countries. PM Benjamin Netanyahu said that Canada, Italy and Germany will take in some of Israel's African migrants under an agreement Israel reached with the UN refugee agency.
    (AfP, 4/2/18)(Reuters, 4/2/18)

2018        Apr 3, The Essen food bank in western Germany reversed a three-month old decision to prevent more foreigners from accessing its services, a move that drew criticism from aid groups and politicians.
    (AP, 4/3/18)

2018        Apr 4, A Berlin court convicted two Romanian men (29) of killing an Angora goat at the Hasenheide petting zoo in February, following a trial in which the defendants testified that they had been hungry.
    (AP, 4/4/18)

2018        Apr 5, In Antarctica German scientists said they have harvested their first crop of vegetables grown without earth, daylight or pesticides as part of a project designed to help astronauts cultivate fresh food on other planets.
    (AP, 4/5/18)

2018        Apr 6, In Germany former Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont walked out of a prison after posting 75,000 euros ($92,000) bail, demanding that Spanish authorities release fellow Catalan separatists and open a dialogue on his region's future.
    (AP, 4/6/18)

2018        Apr 7, In Germany Jens Ruether (48) drove a camper van into a group of people sitting outside a restaurant in Muenster, killing two people. He then shot himself dead. Authorities later said Ruether acted alone and appears to have had mental health problems. A third person died three weeks later from injuries sustained in the crash.
    (Reuters, 4/8/18)(AP, 4/26/18)
2018        Apr 7, In Switzerland Karl-Erivan Haub (58), heir to the German Tengelmann retail empire, disappeared in Zermatt while training for a ski mountaineering race on the famous Matterhorn peak.  A search for him was officially called off after six months.
    (AP, 4/11/18)(AP, 10/11/18)

2018        Apr 8, German police raided the homes of suspected members of a far-right group in Berlin and in the states of Brandenburg and Thueringia, searching for weapons. The investigators believed the suspects are members of the Reichsbuerger (Citizens of the Reich) group, who do not recognize modern-day Germany as a legitimate state.
    (Reuters, 4/8/18)

2018        Apr 9, In Germany six men detained over concerns about a possible attack on Berlin's half-marathon were released after investigators found no concrete evidence to back their initial suspicions.
    (AP, 4/9/18)
2018        Apr 9, In southern Germany an employee at an airfield died after being hit by flying debris when the rotor blades of a military helicopter collided with the facility's control tower  at the Hassfurt-Schweinfurt airfield.
    (AP, 4/10/18)

2018        Apr 10, In Germany tens of thousands of air passengers were stranded as workers at airlines Lufthansa staged strikes that crippled traffic.
    (AFP, 4/10/18)

2018        Apr 11, In Germany trade unions piled more pressure on public sector employers with a second day of nationwide wage strikes, as more than 25,000 workers staged walkouts at hospitals, childcare centers and waste depots.
    (Reuters, 4/11/18)

2018        Apr 12, In Germany a woman (34) and her 1-year-old daughter died after being stabbed at a busy subway station in central Hamburg. The suspected assailant (33), the woman's ex-husband from Niger, was arrested.
    (AP, 4/12/18)
2018        Apr 12, In Germany Herbert Diess (59) was named as the new boss of VW, replacing longtime insider Matthias Mueller.
    (AP, 4/13/18)

2018        Apr 13, In Germany police in the central city of Fulda shot dead a young Afghan refugee (19) who went on a violent rampage in a bakery.
    (AFP, 4/13/18)

2018        Apr 20, In eastern Germany several hundred neo-Nazis gathered for a far-right rock festival in Ostritz on Adolf Hitler's birthday. Many local residents took a stance against them by attending a festival for peace.
    (Reuters, 4/21/18)

2018        Apr 21, It was reported that Ireland-based Smyths Toys has reached a deal to take over more than 90 Toys R Us stores in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
    (AP, 4/21/18)

2018        Apr 22, Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) elected Andrea Nahles (47) as their first ever female leader, hoping she can reinvigorate the country's oldest party after it suffered heavy losses in September's election.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)

2018        Apr 24, Germany-based Audi said it is recalling about 1.2 million cars and SUVs worldwide because the electric coolant pumps can overeat and possibly cause a fire.
    (AP, 4/24/18)

2018        Apr 25, Germans of various faiths donned kippas, Jewish skullcaps, and took to the streets in several cities to protest an anti-Semitic attack in Berlin and express fears about growing hatred of Jews in the country.
    (AP, 4/25/18)

2018        Apr 26, German and French officials signed four documents in Berlin that they said underscored their determination to work together to jointly develop new weapons systems, including a maritime airborne warfare aircraft and a new fighter jet.
    (Reuters, 4/26/18)

2018        Apr 27, The German government said a Syrian presidential decree on real estate registration is a "cynical plan" designed to confiscate refugees' property. The decree, which ran in state-run media this month, gives property owners in certain parts of Syria one month to provide ownership deeds or face having their property confiscated.
    (AP, 4/27/18)
2018        Apr 27, US Pres. Donald Trump and German Chancellor Angela Merkel aired differences over trade and NATO at a White House meeting where they tried to put on a show of warmth and friendship. Merkel faced an uphill struggle to save the Iran nuclear deal, avoid a trade war and make her relationship with the US president functional again.
    (AFP, 4/27/18)(Reuters, 4/28/18)

2018        Apr 29, Sprint and T-Mobile announced that they had reached a deal to merge. Deutsche Telekom would own roughly 43 percent of the combined businesses.
    (SFC, 4/30/18, p.A7)

2018        Apr 30, A leading German nationalist politician won a court injunction forcing Facebook to ensure a user's slur against her can't be seen in Germany.
    (AP, 4/30/18)

2018        May 1, Tens of thousands of workers marched across Germany and Austria rallying for their rights in the face of globalization.
    (AP, 5/1/18)

2018        May 3, Hundreds of German police officers raided a refugee shelter in the southern town of Ellwangen, days after an angry mob of migrants prevented authorities from deporting a 23-year-old man from Togo.
    (AP, 5/3/18)

2018        May 4, Munich-based Allianz said it will stop insuring coal-fired power plants and coal mines as part of its contribution to combating climate change.
    (AP, 5/4/18)
2018        May 4, Albanian police said Arber Cekaj, owner of the Arbi Garden company, has been arrested near Duesseldorf. His company owned a container with 613 kg (1,350 pounds) of cocaine that was discovered in February.
    (AP, 5/4/18)

2018        May 5, In Germany a larger than life statue of Communist philosopher Karl Marx was unveiled on the 200th anniversary of his birth in the western town of Trier. The 4.4-meter (14-foot) bronze statue of Marx was donated by China.
    (AP, 5/5/18)

2018        May 7, In Germany a crash between a freight train and a passenger train killed two people in Bavaria. A controller (24) was soon detained over the death of a train driver and a female passenger (73).
    (Reuters, 5/8/18)

2018        May 8, In northern Germany about 800 police officers raided properties overnight and into the morning arresting three men suspected of belonging to a gang of human traffickers with links to a right-wing radical movement.
    (Reuters, 5/8/18)
2018        May 8, German luxury carmaker Audi said it had detected "irregularities" in the emissions controls of recent A6/A7 models, prompting it to halt deliveries in the latest twist in the "dieselgate" scandal dogging parent company Volkswagen.
    (AFP, 5/8/18)

2018        May 9, Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet agreed on rules to allow a limited number of family members to join migrants in Germany, ending a long-standing dispute between the parties in her two-month old right-left coalition.
    (Reuters, 5/9/18)
2018        May 9, Germany's foreign minister vowed to work to preserve the Iran nuclear deal and prevent an "uncontrolled escalation" of tensions in the Middle East. The Federation of German Industries, or BDI, said it rejects "the extraterritorial application of sanctions" and called upon the EU to find a solution to protect European companies from the "unlawful and unilateral" application of US sanctions.
    (AP, 5/9/18)

2018        May 10, In Germany a gathering of almost 180 nations made slow progress on a "rule book" for a global climate accord at talks ending today and agreed to a new round of negotiations to break a diplomatic logjam before a year-end deadline for a deal.
    (Reuters, 5/10/18)

2018        May 15, Germany's police raided 20 flats in Berlin and Brandenburg and arrested three men suspected of being members of a gang smuggling Vietnamese people into the country.
    (Reuters, 5/15/18)
2018        May 15, The Open Society Foundations of billionaire philanthropist, George Soros, said it is relocating its headquarters to Berlin from Budapest in the wake of an "increasingly repressive" environment in Hungary.
    (AP, 5/15/18)

2018        May 17, German media reported that the country's foreign intelligence service secured a sample of the Soviet-developed nerve agent Novichok in the 1990s and passed on its knowledge to partners including Britain and the US.
    (AP, 5/17/18)

2018        May 18, Germany's top administrative court confirmed that local cities are entitled to ban older diesel vehicles from streets with immediate effect to bring air pollution levels in line with European Union rules.
    (Reuters, 5/18/18)

2018        May 19, In Germany two people were reported killed in a shooting near the southwestern city of Saarbruecken. Police said it was a domestic incident.
    (AP, 5/19/18)

2018        May 22, In Germany Susanna Feldman (14), a member of the Jewish community in Mainz, went missing. Her body was found June 6 on the outskirts of Wiesbaden. Police sought Ali Bashar, a fugitive Iraqi asylum-seeker, and on June 6 arrested a Turkish man. Bashar and his family abruptly left a home for asylum applicants in Germany after the killing. He was later extradited from Iraq. In 2019 Bashar (22) admitted to killing the girl following consensual sex as he went on trial.
    (AP, 6/7/18)(AP, 3/12/19)

2018        May 23, Germany's interior minister banned a local branch of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees from making asylum decisions amid a widening scandal over the allegedly improper granting of more than a thousand requests for asylum.
    (AP, 5/23/18)

2018        May 24, Germany's largest lender Deutsche Bank said it will slash over 7,000 jobs globally and dramatically scale back its investment banking activities as it seeks to turn the page on years of losses.
    (AFP, 5/24/18)
2018        May 24, Germany-based car-sharing service car2go said it is indefinitely suspending its operations in Toronto, Canada, because parking regulations make its business inoperable. It will suspend operations of the flexible, short-term rental system on May 31.
    (AP, 5/24/18)

2018        May 25, German magazine Der Spiegel reported that Daimler faces a recall order for more than 600,000 diesel-engine vehicles including C-Class and G-Class models because of suspected emissions manipulation.
    (Reuters, 5/25/18)

2018        May 27, In Germany thousands of demonstrators for and against the far-right faced off in mass rival rallies in Berlin, where calls of "We are the people" were met with chants of "Go away, Nazis" and techno music.
    (AFP, 5/27/18)
2018        May 27, In Germany Melanie Rehberger (30) was found dead in a park next to a railway line in the north of Berlin, two days after going missing during a work break. On July 3 Spanish police arrested a 38-year-old suspect and his extradition to Germany was sought.
    (AP, 7/4/18)

2018        May 31, Hamburg became the first German city to implement a ban on older diesel-powered trucks and drivers of such vehicles are now prohibited from using two road sections in the city. Hamburg will uphold the ban until air quality improves or Chancellor Angela Merkel's government enforces vehicle retrofits.
    (AP, 5/31/18)(Reuters, 5/31/18)

2018        Jun 1, In Germany a controversial decree requiring Christian crucifixes to be put up at entrances of most public buildings in Bavaria came into force, sparking accusations of identity politics ahead of elections in the state.
    (AFP, 6/1/18)

2018        Jun 3, Germany's Pres. Frank-Walter Steinmeier asked gays for forgiveness for decades of suffering and injustice they endured as a result of repressive laws in Germany in the Nazi era and after World War II.
    (AP, 6/3/18)
2018        Jun 3, In Germany the international airport in Hamburg suspended all flights because of a power outage, leaving hundreds of passengers stranded.
    (AP, 6/3/18)

2018        Jun 6, Germany's Transport Ministry said the motor authority KBA has ordered a recall of Audi A6 and A7 models with 3.0 liter Euro 6 diesel engines after finding illegal emissions software in them.
    (Reuters, 6/6/18)
2018        Jun 6, German authorities arrested four Iraqis suspected of membership in the Islamic State group, including one who is alleged to have carried out attacks (2006-2008) that killed and wounded US troops.
    (AP, 6/7/18)

2018        Jun 7, German pharmaceutical company Bayer AG said it has completed its purchase of US seed and weed-killer maker Monsanto Co.
    (AP, 6/7/18)

2018        Jun 8, German media reported that local prosecutors have issued an international arrest warrant for Jamil Hassan, a top Syrian intelligence officer, accused of overseeing the torture and murder of hundreds of detainees.
    (AFP, 6/8/18)
2018        Jun 8, Kurdish authorities in northern Iraq detained Ali Bashar (20) on suspicion of raping and murdering Susanna Feldman (14), a Jewish girl who went missing May 22 in Germany.
    (Reuters, 6/8/18)
2018        Jun 8, The United Nations General Assembly voted to elect Germany, Belgium, South Africa, the Dominican Republic and Indonesia for a two-year term in the Security Council starting on Jan. 1, 2019.
    (Reuters, 6/8/18)
2018        Jun 8, Vietnamese authorities released from prison and expelled prominent human rights lawyer Nguyen Van Dai (49) and dissident Le Thu Ha (36), both of whom were sent to Germany.
    (AP, 6/8/18)

2018        Jun 10, Germany and France sharply criticized US President Donald Trump's decision to abruptly withdraw his support for a Group of Seven communique, accusing him of destroying trust and acting inconsistently.
    (Reuters, 6/10/18)

2018        Jun 11, In Germany a young woman was fatally stabbed in the Casinogarten park in the city of Viersen and a massive search for the assailant was underway. The following day a new suspect (17) in the fatal stabbing of a 15-year-old Romanian girl in Viersen turned himself in to police.
    (AP, 6/11/18)(AP, 6/12/18)
2018        Jun 11, It was reported that German building materials maker Knauf is buying American building products maker USG in an approximately $7 billion deal. USG will keep its headquarters in Chicago.
    (AP, 6/11/18)

2018        Jun 12, German police arrested a Tunisian man after discovering "toxic substances" at his flat in Cologne. Der Spiegel soon named the suspect as Sief Allah H. (29) and said he had been trying to build a bomb containing the deadly poison ricin using ingredients he bought online.
    (AFP, 6/13/18)

2018        Jun 13, In Germany the regional court in Duesseldorf sentenced a man, identified only as Saleh A., to seven years in prison after finding him guilty of membership in foreign terrorist groups, manslaughter and other charges.
    (AP, 6/13/18)
2018        Jun 13, More than 150 German and Danish police officers searched a dozen apartments and offices in a joint cross-border raid on an illegal human trafficking network that focused on arranging hundreds of sham marriages.
    (AP, 6/13/18)
2018        Jun 13, Germany extradited Milorad Obradovic (49), a Bosnian Serb, to Bosnia. He was accused of taking part in the 1992 detention and torture of about 120 Muslim Bosniaks in the Bosnian war, and personally killing three others.
    (Reuters, 6/13/18)

2018        Jun 15, A German court ruled that investors pushing for damages over a sharp fall in Volkswagen shares after the carmaker disclosed emissions cheating in 2015 can also seek redress from majority shareholder Porsche SE .
    (Reuters, 6/15/18)

2018        Jun 18, Germany's environment minister said the country will likely miss its goal of cutting emissions by 40 percent by 2020, an embarrassing admission for a government that wants to lead the charge on limiting climate change.
    (AP, 6/18/18)

2018        Jun 19, French President Emmanuel Macron and Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel said they have agreed to set up a common budget for the eurozone.
    (AFP, 6/19/18)
2018        Jun 19, Germany-based reinsurance group Hannover Re said will no longer invest in companies that earn 25 percent or more of revenue from mining or burning coal. It said the policy began "some months ago," but details of the policy are new.
    (Reuters, 6/19/18)

2018        Jun 21, German Chancellor Angela Merkel promised a $100 million loan to troubled Jordan, where mass protests over austerity measures forced the prime minister to resign earlier this month.
    (AP, 6/21/18)

2018        Jun 23, In western Germany 25 people were injured, four of them severely, when an explosion destroyed an apartment building late today in the city of Wuppertal.
    (AP, 6/24/18)

2018        Jun 24, In Germany hundreds of protesters marched through Berlin to demand an end to burning coal to produce electricity.
    (AP, 6/24/18)
2018        Jun 24, A majority of 16 of 28 EU national leaders gathered in Brussels for emergency talks on migration. German Chancellor Angela Merkel asked EU leaders to stop asylum seekers moving freely around the bloc, an issue that is threatening her ruling coalition.
    (Reuters, 6/24/18)

2018        Jun 25, German officials said a Tunisian man who allegedly served as a bodyguard to Osama bin Laden has been detained and is to be deported. Sami A. (41) had previously successfully argued against his deportation, saying he risked being tortured in his homeland.
    (AFP, 6/25/18)

2018        Jun 26, In southern Germany a woman and three children were found dead at an apartment in Gunzenhausen, and the woman's husband was being treated as a suspect. The children's father (31), was found lying outside the building with injuries caused by a fall from a great height.
    (AP, 6/26/18)

2018        Jun 27, Authorities in northwestern Germany opened an investigation into 21 deaths at a company, after a male employee was caught on camera poisoning a colleague's lunch. Police said they had arrested a suspect (56) in the town of Schloss Holte-Stukenbroc.
    (Reuters, 6/27/18)
2018        Jun 27, The first Rwandan-made Volkswagen car rolled off the assembly line on at the country's first auto factory in Kigali. The cars will be mostly for export to other African nations and will remain unaffordable to the average Rwandan.
    (AFP, 6/27/18)

2018        Jun 30, It was reported that German Chancellor Angela Merkel has secured agreements with 14 European Union countries to rapidly return some asylum seekers as she seeks to end a schism in her government over migration policy.
    (AP, 6/30/18)

2018        Jul 1, In Germany a Vienna-based Iranian diplomat, identified later as Assadollah Assadi (46), was arrested over a suspected plot to carry out a bomb attack on an exiled Iranian opposition group. French police also detained a man of Iranian origin in France.
    (Reuters, 7/4/18)(AP, 7/4/18)

2018        Jul 2, SpaceX's Dragon capsule delivered nearly 6,000 pounds of supplies to the Int'l. Space Station. The supplies included the round AI robot Cimon, slightly bigger than a basketball, from the German Space Agency intended to assist German astronaut Alexander Gerst with science experiments.
    (SFC, 7/3/18, p.A7)

2018        Jul 3, In Germany Wiesbaden prosecutors said that Ali Bashar (20), who's in custody for the May slaying of Susanna Feldman, is believed to have raped a 11-year-old German girl in a refugee home in March in the western city. Prosecutors said Bashar and a 14-year-old Afghan boy also raped the 11-year-old together in May. The Afghan boy is accused of also raping her another time and was arrested a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/3/18)

2018        Jul 4, German authorities deported 69 Afghans whose asylum requests were rejected back to their home country.
    (AP, 7/4/18)

2018        Jul 6, Germany's top court ruling that files of unpublished documents about Volkswagen's emission scandal seized from a US law firm may be reviewed. VW had hired law firm Jones Day and advisory firm Deloitte to investigate the issue and look at who was responsible shortly after the dieselgate scandal broke in September 2015.
    (Reuters, 7/6/18)
2018        Jul 6, Meeting in Vienna top diplomats from Germany, Britain, France, Russia and China reaffirmed their commitment to the 2015 deal with Iran, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
    (AP, 7/6/18)

2018        Jul 7, In Germany demonstrators marched in Berlin and several other cities in support of the private aid ships that rescue migrants in the Mediterranean Sea.
    (AP, 7/7/18)

2018        Jul 9, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Chinese PM Li Keqiang stressed their commitment to a multilateral trade system. German companies signed a raft of agreements with Chinese partners at their meeting in Berlin.
    (AP, 7/9/18)(Reuters, 7/9/18)

2018        Jul 10, Germany-based BMW Group and the biggest Chinese SUV brand, Great Wall Motor, announced a partnership to produce electric MINI vehicles in China as global automakers ramp up development under pressure from Beijing.
    (AP, 7/10/18)

2018        Jul 11, In Germany Iranian diplomat Assadollah Assadi, suspected of involvement in a bomb plot against an Iranian opposition rally in France, was charged with activity as a foreign agent and conspiracy to commit murder.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 11, In Germany Beate Zschaepe (43), a member of a neo-Nazi gang, was jailed for life for her part in the murders of 10 people during a seven-year campaign of racially-motivated violence.
    (Reuters, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 11, President Donald Trump barreled into a NATO summit in Brussels with claims that a pipeline deal has left Germany "totally controlled" and "captive to Russia" as he lobbed fresh complaints about allies' "delinquent" defense spending at the opening of what was expected to be a fraught two-day meeting.
    (AP, 7/11/18)

2018        Jul 13, Germany deported a Tunisian man who allegedly worked as a bodyguard for Osama bin Laden, more than a decade after his asylum bid was first rejected. He was identified by German authorities only as Sami A. and by Tunis as Sami Idoudi, and had lived in Germany for more than two decades.
    (AP, 7/13/18)

2018        Jul 15, Germany said it had agreed with Italy to take in 50 of the 450 migrants aboard two EU border agency vessels, matching similar pledges by France and Malta.
    (AFP, 7/15/18)

2018        Jul 17, Amazon workers in Germany and Spain called for strikes over salary and working conditions to coincide with the online retailer's global sales event, Prime Day.
    (AP, 7/17/18)

2018        Jul 18, In Germany a Vietnamese man admitted in court that he helped his country's secret services to kidnap a former oil executive in broad daylight from a Berlin street and smuggle him back to Vietnam last year, where businessman Trinh Xuan Thanh has been jailed for life for corruption.
    (Reuters, 7/18/18)

2018        Jul 19, In western Germany Ahmed Massoud (32) was arrested in Duesseldorf after a standoff with police, who were alerted by the suspect's wife. The woman told officers that she had received a video call from Massoud in which he was seen holding their crying daughter (7) and threatening to hurt the girl. By the time police entered the apartment, the girl was dead.
    (AP, 7/21/18)

2018        Jul 20, In Germany a man armed with a knife attacked people on a bus in the northern city of Luebeck, wounding at least 14 people, two seriously, before being arrested by police.
    (Reuters, 7/20/18)
2018        Jul 20, German astronaut Alexander Gerst played a duet of Kraftwerk's 1978 song "Spacelab" with the band to cheers from an audience in Stuttgart.
    (AP, 7/21/18)
2018        Jul 20, Germany-based Bayer, the maker of a permanent contraceptive implant subject to thousands of injury reports and repeated safety restrictions by regulators, said that it will stop selling Essure in the US, the only country where it remains available.
    (AP, 7/21/18)

2018        Jul 22, In Germany thousands of people protested in the southern city of Munich against what they say is the "politics of fear" that is pushing public debate in the country to the right.
    (AP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, German soccer star Mesut Ozil announced his decision to quit the national team due to the "racism and disrespect" he faced over his Turkish roots. This triggered a bad-tempered public debate about the country's relations with its largest immigrant community.
    (Reuters, 7/23/18)

2018        Jul 24, Germany's domestic intelligence agency said the number of Germans who reject the legitimacy of the government has increased sharply over the past 18 months. the Reichsbuerger movement increased to about 16,500 people last year from about 10,000 in 2016. By July of this year officials estimated the movement had grown further to about 18,000 people.
    (AP, 7/24/18)
2018        Jul 24, German authorities arrested Yasmin H., the wife of a Tunisian man detained last month, over a plot to use the toxin ricin to carry out an attack, alleging that she was an accomplice. Her husband, Sief Allah H., was arrested on June 12.
    (AP, 7/24/18)

2018        Jul 25, A German court sentenced Long N.H. (47), a Czech-Vietnamese national, to nearly four years in jail for taking part in a brazen Cold War-style kidnapping ordered by Hanoi of an oil executive from a Berlin park.
    (AFP, 7/25/18)

2018        Jul 27, The German government said it took a minority stake in electricity transmission firm 50Hertz for "national security" reasons, thwarting Chinese investors from buying into the strategic company. 50Hertz is one of four transmission system operators in Germany and ensures that 18 million people are supplied with electricity.
    (AFP, 7/27/18)

2018        Jul 31, In Germany Ralf Spies (52) was cleared of 12 counts of attempted murder with a "racist" motive and with causing an explosion in the attack at a commuter rail station in the western city of Duesseldorf on July 27, 2000.
    (AFP, 7/31/18)
2018        Jul 31, German farmers intensified calls for around 1 billion euros ($1.17 billion) in special aid after crop damage from a drought and heatwave, but Berlin said it would wait for an August harvest report before making a decision.
    (Reuters, 7/31/18)

2018        Jul, In Germany a woman (36) was stabbed to death on a street in Duesseldorf. Ali S. had stalked the woman and stabbed her 27 times. He was later arrested in Spain. In 2019 he was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 4/4/19)

2018        Aug 1, German lawmakers approved the payment of a final bailout loan instalment to Greece worth 15 billion euros ($17.6 billion). Greece's third successive international bailout ends in late August.
    (AP, 8/1/18)

2018        Aug 4, In Germany Sahra Wagenknecht one of the country's most prominent left-wing politicians, launched a website for the "Aufstehen" ("Stand Up") movement, with a full official launch to follow next month. Wagenknecht is a divisive figure even within her own party, in part for taking a skeptical position on migration.
    (AP, 8/4/18)

2018        Aug 7, In southwestern Germany a mother (48) and her partner were convicted and jailed for repeatedly raping the woman's young son, now 10, and selling him to pedophiles on the internet, abusing him for more than two years.
    (AP, 8/7/18)
2018        Aug 7, A pharmaceutical company filed a lawsuit to prevent Nebraska from using lethal injection drugs next week in what would be the state's first execution in more than two decades. The federal lawsuit could delay the Aug. 14 execution of Carey Dean Moore, who was sentenced to death for killing two Omaha cab drivers in 1979. Germany-based Fresenius Kabi opposes the use of its drugs in executions.
    (AP, 8/8/18)

2018        Aug 8, Germany said it has reached an agreement with Spain for that country to take back previously registered migrants who show up at the German border, a first step toward implementing a deal to defuse a domestic political dispute over migration.
    (AP, 8/8/18)

2018        Aug 10, German police detained former cyclist and Tour de France champion (1997) Jan Ullrich (44) for attacking and injuring a prostitute in a Frankfurt luxury hotel.
    (Reuters, 8/10/18)
2018        Aug 10, Ryanair pilots in several European countries staged a strike over work conditions that prompted the budget carrier to cancel 400 flights. Walkouts called by German and Belgian unions accounted for many of the cancelations, with strikes also called in Sweden and Ireland.
    (AP, 8/10/18)

2018        Aug 15, Germany's Cabinet approved a third gender option for official records that will allow people to be registered as "diverse," complying with a ruling from the country's highest court.
    (AP, 8/15/18)
2018        Aug 15, German authorities deported 46 Afghans whose asylum requests were rejected to their homeland. German authorities have sent 349 people back to Afghanistan since December 2016.
    (AP, 8/15/18)

2018        Aug 17, The German government said Greece has agreed to take back migrants who apply for asylum there and later turn up at Germany's border with Austria.
    (AP, 8/17/18)

2018        Aug 21, Germany, citing its "moral duty", took in Jakiw Palij, a 95-year-old former guard at the Trawniki Nazi labor camp where more than 6,000 people were killed in 1943, after he was stripped of his US citizenship.
    (AFP, 8/21/18)

2018        Aug 22, The German government said it will compensate thousands of farmers whose harvests have suffered as a result of this year's extreme drought, which many experts have linked to climate change.
    (AP, 8/22/18)
2018        Aug 22, A man (26) in Germany died after a AA battery-charging device exploded, firing an object into the man's chest.
    (AP, 8/23/18)

2018        Aug 23, In Germany a wildfire southwest of Berlin forced the evacuation of residents in three villages.
    (SFC, 8/25/18, p.A2)

2018        Aug 25, In Germany searchers found the body of a Canadian man who went missing in the Bavarian Alps on August 2. The remains were found by a fellow Canadian, a police climber and friend of the man's family who had joined the search.
    (AP, 8/26/18)

2018        Aug 26, A German man was stabbed after a street festival early today in Chemnitz, Saxony state. Police soon arrested a Syrian (22) and an Iraqi (21) on suspicion of manslaughter. Prosecutors later said the killing was preceded by a verbal confrontation that escalated.
    (AP, 8/28/18)
2018        Aug 26, German journalist Mesale Tolu, who was on trial in Turkey on terror-related charges, returned to Germany after a Turkish court ruled that she could leave the country.
    (AP, 8/26/18)

2018        Aug 27, In Germany at least 20 people were injured as pyrotechnics and other objects were hurled by both far-right demonstrators as well as anti-fascist counter-protesters in the eastern city of Chemnitz. This 2nd day of protests followed the fatal stabbing of a German man (35) allegedly by a Syrian and an Iraqi.
    (AFP, 8/28/18)

2018        Aug 29, Germany announced a new agency to fund cutting-edge research on cyber security and to end its reliance on digital technologies from the United States, China and other countries.
    (Reuters, 8/29/18)
2018        Aug 29, In Germany a golden statue of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan that was installed at an art festival whose motto is "Bad news" was taken down after authorities in the city of Wiesbaden said it was becoming a security issue.
    (AP, 8/29/18)
2018        Aug 29, A Namibian delegation in Berlin took possession of the remains of 27 countrymen whose bones were taken by German colonial forces more than a century ago for pseudo-scientific racial experiments.
    (AP, 8/29/18)

2018        Aug 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Ghana during a three-nation West Africa visit aimed at boosting investment in a region that is a major source of migrants heading toward Europe. Merkel first stopped in Senegal, another of Africa's fastest-growing economies, and will continue on to Nigeria.
    (AP, 8/30/18)

2018        Aug 31, In Nigeria German Chancellor Angela Merkel met with Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari wrapping up a three-day Africa visit with a meeting that focused on migration.
    (AP, 8/31/18)

2018        Sep 1, In Germany 18 people were injured as the anti-migrant far-right and counter-protesters held opposing rallies in the city of Chemnitz, which was hit by xenophobic demonstrations last week. Police brought an early close Saturday to the anti-migrant march that far-right activists hoped would launch a nationwide movement to challenge the political establishment.
    (AFP, 9/1/18)(AP, 9/2/18)
2018        Sep 1, In Germany Hesse state police arrested a 17-year-old on suspicion of preparing a serious act of violence. The suspect was reportedly planning to attack a gay nightclub in Frankfurt and a Catholic church in the city.
    (AP, 9/13/18)

2018        Sep 3, In Germany a migrant was convicted of murdering his 15-year-old German ex-girlfriend in Kandel in December 2017 and was sentenced to 8.5 years in prison.
    (AP, 9/3/18)

2018        Sep 4, In Germany lawmaker Sahra Wagenknecht, whose Left Party grew out of the former East Germany's communist party, and two members of the Greens and the Social Democrats said more than 100,000 people have pledged online to support a new movement called "Aufstehen" (Stand Up) with the aim of reviving the fortunes of the country's ailing left by attracting like-minded people across party lines.
    (AP, 9/4/18)

2018        Sep 6, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa ramped up an anti-corruption drive, authorizing an investigation of alleged wrongdoing in the national water department's dealings with German software firm SAP.
    (AP, 9/6/18)

2018        Sep 7, The US Army Europe said it's expanding its troop presence by adding 1,500 solders to its forces in Germany.
    (AP, 9/7/18)
2018        Sep 7, Speaking in Germany Qatar's emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani said in Berlin his country would invest some 10 billion euros ($11.6 billion) in Germany, as he battled a policy of isolation by neighboring states.
    (AFP, 9/7/18)   

2018        Sep 9, In Germany a 22-year-old German man died overnight in the eastern town of Koethen and two Afghans were detained on suspicion of killing him.
    (Reuters, 9/9/18)
2018        Sep 9, German pop singer Daniel Kueblboeck (33) went missing at sea after going overboard from the cruise ship AIDAluna off the coast of Canada.
    (AP, 9/9/18)

2018        Sep 12, Germany's Catholic Church said it was "dismayed and ashamed" by decades of child sex abuse by priests, after a report was leaked showing that thousands of minors were assaulted. The report said 3,677 people were abused by clergy between 1946 and 2014.
    (AFP, 9/13/18)(SFC, 9/13/18, p.A2)
2018        Sep 12, Irish budget carrier Ryanair was defiant as dozens of flights were disrupted in a walkout by German pilots and cabin crew, the latest flare-up in a bitter Europe-wide battle for better pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 9/13/18)

2018        Sep 13, German activists, living in treehouses to protect the ancient Hambach Forest from being razed for a nearby coal mine, vowed to resist as police began evicting them, in a major escalation of the long-running environmental battle.
    (AFP, 9/13/18)
2018        Sep 13, Volkswagen announced it would end production of its iconic "Beetle" cars in 2019 after adding a pair of final editions of the bug-shaped vehicles.
    (AFP, 9/14/18)

2018        Sep 15, California Gov. Jerry Brown announced a sister-state relationship with the German state of Baden-Württemberg that furthers strengthens climate and economic ties between the two entities.
    (AP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, Pyotr Verzilov, publisher of a Russian online news outlet and affiliated with the anti-Kremlin punk band Pussy Riot, arrived in Berlin from Moscow late today on a medical transport plane. The anti-Kremlin activist lost his sight, hearing and his ability to walk in a suspected poisoning last week.
    (Reuters, 9/16/18)

2018        Sep 16, In western Germany some four thousand people protested against the expansion of a coal strip mine that would entail the chopping down of the ancient Hambach forest.
    (AP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 16, In northern Germany a Polish man (20) received a fatal stab wound after an altercation with an unknown man who then fled the scene in Neumuenster.
    (AP, 9/17/18)

2018        Sep 17, German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Algeria to promote bilateral ties and discuss migration and the situation in neighboring Libya.
    (AP, 9/17/18)

2018        Sep 18, In Germany Hans-Georg Maassen, the head of the BfV intelligence agency, was ousted from his post but then made deputy minister — with a hefty pay rise. He had been criticized for appearing to downplay anti-migrant violence and for his contacts with a far-right party.
    (AP, 9/21/18)

2018        Sep 20, In Germany a man (23) killed his baby son by throwing the infant from the 7th floor of a high-rise building before jumping to his death in Berlin.
    (AP, 9/21/18)

2018        Sep 22, In Germany the 185th Oktoberfest got under way in Munich.
    (SSFC, 9/23/18, p.A4)

2018        Sep 23, Sports car maker Porsche said it would become the first German auto giant to abandon the diesel engine, reacting to parent company Volkswagen's emissions cheating scandal and urban driving bans.
    (AFP, 9/23/18)

2018        Sep 25, A German court said it could not enforce a Chilean prison sentence for Hartmut Hopp (74), a German former member of a Nazi pedophile sect, for complicity in child sex abuse because the evidence the Chilean court had provided against him fell short of that required under German judicial standards. Dr. Hopp was the right-hand man of convicted pedophile Paul Schaefer, a former Wehrmacht soldier and lay preacher who in 1961 founded the "Colonia Dignidad" commune that indoctrinated residents and kept them as virtual slaves.
    (AP, 9/25/18)
2018        Sep 25, The head of the Catholic Church in Germany apologized "for all the failure and pain", after a report spanning a 70-year period ending in 2014, found indications of sexual abuse by 1,670 clerics, with more than 3,700 possible victims.
    (Reuters, 9/25/18)

2018        Sep 27, German steel company and industrial equipment maker Thyssenkrupp said it plans to split into two separate entities that will be run as independent, listed companies.
    (AP, 9/27/18)
2018        Sep 27, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan arrived in Germany for a controversial three-day state visit that both sides hope will help rebuild relations that have been battered in recent years.
    (AFP, 9/27/18)

2018        Sep 28, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed to rebuild strained relations after a two-year crisis despite remaining differences on civil rights and other issues. President Tayyip Erdogan called on Berlin to extradite what he said were the hundreds of supporters of the cleric Fethullah Gulen residing in Germany.
    (AFP, 9/28/18)(Reuters, 9/28/18)
2018        Sep 28, Germany's financial capital of Frankfurt unveiled its new "Old City" — 35 buildings reproduced in part an area that was destroyed during World War II bombings. The 7-hectare (17-acre) site was previously occupied by a 1970s concrete building that housed part of the Frankfurt city administration and was demolished in 2010.
    (AP, 9/28/18)

2018        Sep 29, In Germany Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan opened one of Europe's largest mosques in Cologne as he wrapped up a controversial 3-day visit, with police deploying in force to manage rival rallies.
    (AFP, 9/29/18)

2018        Oct 1, German police arrested six more men on suspicion of forming a "far-right terrorist organization" in the eastern city of Chemnitz and planning to carry out attacks against foreigners and political enemies. A seventh suspect was arrested in a separate case last month.
    (AP, 10/1/18)

2018        Oct 2, German ministers said the government will ease immigration rules to attract foreign jobseekers, including giving well-integrated, irregular migrants who are employed a shot at staying in the country to combat a fast-ageing worker shortage.
    (AFP, 10/2/18)
2018        Oct 2, German car giant Volkswagen said it was removing Rupert Stadler, the chief executive of subsidiary Audi who has been jailed in an emissions fraud probe since June, from his post and the parent group's board.
    (AFP, 10/2/18)

2018        Oct 3, The Japan Space Exploration Agency said the Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT), a German-French observation device, was released from the unmanned spacecraft Hayabusa2 and successfully landed on the asteroid Ryugu.
    (AP, 10/3/18)

2018        Oct 4, German Chancellor Angela Merkel paid homage in Jerusalem to the six million Jews killed by the Nazis and said Germany had a responsibility to confront anti-Semitism and never to forget the Holocaust. At a news conference Merkel reaffirmed her support for a two-state solution in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and concern about Israeli settlement expansion in occupied territory where Palestinians seek for a country of their own. Germany and Israel agree that Iran should never be allowed to acquire nuclear weapons but they differ on how to achieve this goal.
    (Reuters, 10/4/18)

2018        Oct 5, In Germany the Muenster administrative court issued a temporary halt after an environmental group argued that the Hambacher Forest near Cologne deserves protected status because of the bats that live there.
    (AP, 10/6/18)

2018        Oct 6, In western Germany thousands of environmentalists protested the expansion of a coal mine a day after a court blocked the felling of endangered Hambacher Forest near the site.
    (AP, 10/6/18)

2018        Oct 9, A Berlin court ordered the city to ban older diesel vehicles from several downtown streets to reduce nitrogen dioxide levels in the German capital.
    (AP, 10/9/18)
2018        Oct 9, German police arrested a suspect in the rape and killing of a television journalist from Bulgaria whose work highlighted corruption in the East European country. Severin Krassimirov (21), a Bulgarian citizen, was arrested outside the city of Hamburg.
    (AP, 10/10/18)

2018        Oct 12, Germany said it will extend temporary controls at its border with Austria for six months due to concerns the EU's external frontiers are not sufficiently protected. The Danish government made a similar announcement, citing the threat of terrorism.
    (Reuters, 10/12/18)

2018        Oct 13, In Germany tens of thousands of people protested racism and discrimination in Berlin, a demonstration that came amid rising concerns about Germany's increasingly confident far right.
    (AP, 10/13/18)

2018        Oct 14, In Germany the Christian Social Union (CSU), the sister party of Merkel's own Christian Democrats (CDU), slumped to its worst result in almost 70 years in the election in Bavaria.
    (Reuters, 10/15/18)
2018        Oct 14, In western Germany three people died when a Cessna plane crashed into a crowd near Fulda, Hesse state.
    (Reuters, 10/14/18)(SFC, 10/15/18, p.A2)
2018        Oct 14, Britain, France and Germany insisted that "light must be shed" on the whereabouts of journalist Jamal Khashoggi as they called for a credible investigation into his disappearance at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.
    (AFP, 10/14/18)

2018        Oct 15, Germany deported Mounir el Motassadeq (44) to Morocco. He was convicted in 2003 of membership in a terrorist organization and accessory to the murder of the 246 passengers and crew on the four jetliners used in the 2001 al-Qaida attacks on New York and Washington.
    (AP, 10/15/18)
2018        Oct 15, In Germany a Syrian refugee, identified only as Mohammad A.R. (55), sparked panic at the busy station in Cologne after he started a fire in a McDonald's restaurant that left a 14-year-old girl with burns. He then took a female employee hostage in a nearby pharmacy. Police opened fire on the suspect, who underwent emergency surgery and remained in a coma.
    (AFP, 10/17/18)

2018        Oct 18, A group of media outlets led by Germany's non-profit Correctiv reported that traders have manipulated transactions in multiple European countries over years, draining tax coffers of some 55.2 billion euros ($63.5 billion).
    (AP, 10/18/18)

2018        Oct 20, In Germany a 19-year-old man died after blowing up a ticket machine at a railway station in the eastern city of Halle. Two alleged accomplices, aged 15 and 20. were soon arrested. Six other ticket machines and an ATM were destroyed in Halle earlier this month.
    (AP, 10/21/18)
2018        Oct 20, The German group Sea-Watch said that the vessel, Sea-Watch 3, has been cleared to leave Malta for repairs. It had been "blocked" from leaving Malta since July 2 amid an investigation into Dutch-registered rescue ships.
    (AP, 10/20/18)

2018        Oct 21, Multinational giants Siemens and General Electric say they have signed memorandums of understanding with Iraq to rebuild the country's electricity infrastructure.
    (AP, 10/21/18)

2018        Oct 22, A German man (54) was convicted of attempted murder for poisoning baby food and putting it on store shelves in a failed attempt to extort money from supermarkets. He was sentenced in Ravensburg state court to 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/23/18)

2018        Oct 23, German automaker BMW said it is expanding a recall to cover 1.6 million vehicles worldwide due to possible fluid leaks that could result in a fire.
    (AP, 10/23/18)

2018        Oct 24, A court in Germany ruled that Volkswagen's parent company must pay 47 million euros ($54 million) in damages to investors for not making a timely disclosure of its scandal over cars rigged to cheat on diesel emissions tests.
    (AP, 10/24/18)

2018        Oct 27, In western Germany protesters blocked a railway line leading to a large strip coal mine near Cologne that has become a cause celebre for environmentalists amid plans to clear part of a neighboring forest to expand the facility.
    (AP, 10/27/18)
2018        Oct 27, The leaders of Turkey, Russia, France and Germany met to try to find a political solution to Syria's devastating civil war, provide access to humanitarian aid and salvage a fragile ceasefire in the country's last major rebel-held bastion.
    (AFP, 10/27/18)

2018        Oct 29, Angela Merkel announced she will quit as German chancellor when her mandate ends in 2021, as she sought to draw a line under a series of political crises that have rocked her fragile coalition.
    (AP, 10/29/18)

2018        Oct 30, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel opened the G20 Compact with Africa meeting saying it's critical "not only to talk about Africa but to talk with Africa" about development needs and goals. So far 11 countries have joined the program: Benin, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo and Tunisia.
    (AP, 10/30/18)
2018        Oct 30, A German court ordered the release of former Audi CEO Rupert Stadler, on condition that he refrain from contact with people relevant to the investigation, more than four months after he was arrested in an investigation into the manipulation of diesel emissions controls.
    (AP, 10/30/18)
2018        Oct 30, German police arrested a Russian man (43) suspected of smuggling some 12 million cigarettes into the country from 2009-2011.
    (AP, 11/1/18)

2018        Nov 13, German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for an integrated EU military, recalling the lessons of the First World War and the divisions that led to the conflict.
    (Reuters, 11/13/18)
2018        Nov 13, German authorities said they suspect a male nurse of killing six elderly patients, and attempting to kill at least three more, after he admitted to injecting them with diabetes medication. Suspect Grzegorz Stanislaw Wolsztajn (36), arrested last February, denied intending to kill them.
    (AP, 11/13/18)

2018        Nov 19, Germany banned Saudi citizens suspected of involvement in the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi from much of Europe and moved to halt all arms sales to the kingdom in a firming of its stance towards Riyadh.
    (Reuters, 11/19/18)

2018        Nov 22, A German teenager (15) was convicted of murder for killing a 14-year-old girl in a case that was seized upon by far-right groups, who falsely claimed that the perpetrator was a migrant. The German-born boy had reportedly planned the March 3 murder of schoolmate Keira G. (14) in advance.
    (AP, 11/22/18)

2018        Nov 23, Berlin prosecutors said Hans Werner H. (95) has been charged with more than 36,000 counts of being an accessory to murder on allegations that he served as a guard at the Nazis' Mauthausen concentration camp from 1944 to 1945.
    (AP, 11/23/18)
2018        Nov 23, Unions in Britain said they would stage protests at five sites to complain about safety conditions. In Germany, workers walked off the job at Amazon distribution centers in Rheinberg and Bad Hersfeld as part of a years-long push for higher pay. In Spain Labor groups representing workers at Amazon said that around 90 percent of workers at a logistics depot near Madrid joined a walkout.
    (AP, 11/23/18)

2018        Nov 27, In Germany Sergej Wenergold (29), who launched a shrapnel bomb attack on the team bus of football club Borussia Dortmund in April 2017 to make money on the club's shares diving, was sentenced to 14 years in jail.
    (AFP, 11/27/18)

2018        Nov 29, In Germany some 170 police officers, investigators and prosecutors raided the offices of Deutsche Bank on the suspicion bank employees helped clients set up offshore companies in tax havens to launder hundreds of millions of euros.
    (AP, 11/29/18)

2018        Dec 1, In Germany thousands of people marched in Berlin to demand that Germany make a quick exit from using coal-fired energy. This and a simultaneous event in the western city of Cologne were organized by environmental groups.
    (AP, 12/1/18)
2018        Dec 1, Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko said Russia is building up its land forces and weapons along the border as German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned Russia not to block Ukrainian ports in the Sea of Azov.
    (AP, 12/1/18)

2018        Dec 2, Germany's Development Minister Gerd Mueller said his country will unveil an initiative at UN talks on climate change this week to attract more private investment in projects in Africa and elsewhere.
    (Reuters, 12/2/18)

2018        Dec 3, German police said the body of a missing 17-year-old girl has been found at a shelter for homeless people and others in western Germany and a resident has been detained. The girl's parents had reported her missing on Nov. 30 from her home in a neighboring region.
    (AP, 12/3/18)

2018        Dec 4, Germany's top human rights official said she has been denied entry to China's Xinjiang region, where the UN estimates that up to one million Muslims are being held in detention camps.
    (AFP, 12/5/18)

2018        Dec 5, Police arrested dozens of suspected mobsters in Europe and South America in dubbed "Operation Pollina," a huge international swoop targeting Italy's notorious 'Ndrangheta mafia clan. Police seized four tons of cocaine, 120 kilos of ecstasy and two million euros (dollars) in cash across Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and Suriname.
    (AFP, 12/5/18)

2018        Dec 7, Germany's Christian Democrats elected Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (56) to replace Angela Merkel as party leader, a decision that moves her into pole position to succeed Europe's most influential leader as chancellor.
    (Reuters, 12/7/18)

2018        Dec 10, In Germany Thomas K. (37) was sentenced in Duesseldorf state court to six years in prison. He had fought for the Taliban in Afghanistan from 2013-2018 and was convicted of membership in a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 12/10/18)
2018        Dec 10, In Germany a four-hour strike affected more than 1,400 trains nationwide, hitting long-distance traffic and also metro rail systems in Berlin, Munich, Hannover and Frankfurt. The EVG labor union called the so-called "warning strike" to put pressure on Deutsche Bahn after wage negotiations broke off on Dec. 8 without an agreement.
    (AP, 12/10/18)

2018        Dec 12, Eight European Union nations (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom) underlined their commitment to the Iran nuclear deal while urging Tehran to stop its "destabilizing regional activities" especially the launch of ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 12/12/18)

2018        Dec 13, In Germany three women were stabbed and wounded in Nuremberg. Police investigated whether the incidents were connected. A German man (38) was arrested on Dec. 15 in connection with the stabbing.
    (AP, 12/14/18)(AP, 12/16/18)

2018        Dec 14, A Berlin court said the insolvency administrator for bankrupt airline Air Berlin has sued its former largest shareholder, UAE-based airline Etihad, for 2 billion euros ($2.26 billion) in damages.
    (AP, 12/14/18)

2018        Dec 17, German authorities said five Frankfurt police officers are under investigation over allegations they shared far-right images, videos and texts in a chat group with one another.
    (AP, 12/17/18)

2018        Dec 18, A German court convicted a man of unauthorized dealing in firearms over the sale in 2016 of weapons that he advertised as being usable to "shoot down asylum-seekers." Mario R. (35) was sentenced to two years and 10 months in prison and was confiscated 99,100 euros ($112,287) in proceeds.
    (AP, 12/18/18)
2018        Dec 18, The Washington-based Fulbright Association said its 2018 prize for international understanding will go to German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (AP, 12/18/18)

2018        Dec 19, Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet passed new immigration laws to make it easier for lower-skilled foreigners to seek work in Germany and offer rejected asylum seekers who can't be deported a path to residency.
    (Reuters, 12/19/18)
2018        Dec 19, German weekly Der Spiegel said Claas Relotius (33), one of its star reporters, has left the publication after committing journalistic fraud "on a grand scale" over a number of years. He resigned after admitting to inventing interviews.
    (AP, 12/19/18)

2018        Dec 20, Germany's top appeal court partially overturned the conviction of former Rwandan rebel group leader Ignace Murwanashyaka for abetting war crimes in CongoDRC, citing a lack of evidence and referring it to a different court.
    (Reuters, 12/20/18)
2018        Dec 20, Britain, Germany and France, three of the United States' main allies in the war against the Islamic State group, reacted with alarm to President Donald Trump's decision to pull US troops out of Syria. Analysts said the US decision to pull troops out of eastern Syria will leave the Kurds exposed to Turkish military threats and forced to cooperate with Damascus.
    (AFP, 12/20/18)

2018        Dec 24, South Korea said it will fine BMW 11.2 billion won ($9.9 million) and file a criminal complaint against the company with state prosecutors over an allegedly botched response to dozens of engine fires reported in the country. BMW has apologized and recalled some 172,000 vehicles of 65 different models in July and October over the fires.
    (AP, 12/24/18)

2018        Dec 26, Sea-Watch 3, a private rescue boat operated by a German humanitarian group, continued its appeal for a safe port. It has tweeted that 33 migrants were rescued from waters off Libya on Dec. 22.
    (AP, 12/26/18)

2018        Dec 27, German authorities said customs officials in the Hamburg area destroyed nine tons of drugs last week with an estimated total street value of about 520 million euros ($592 million).
    (AP, 12/27/18)

2018        Dec 30, In Germany an 18-year-old driver trying to evade a highway patrol crashed into a stationary vehicle near Heppenheim, killing a woman (39) and injuring her son (10).
    (AP, 12/31/18)
2018        Dec 30, In western Germany Edgar Hilsenrath (92), a German-Jewish writer whose fictional account of the Holocaust from the perspective of a Nazi perpetrator became a best-seller, died. His first novel, "Night," recounting the horrors of trying to survive in a Jewish ghetto, was published in 1954. His 1971 novel "The Nazi and the Barber," a grotesque story about an SS member who pretends to be Jewish after the war to escape prosecution, sold millions of copies worldwide.
    (AP, 1/1/19)

2018        Germany granted asylum to Hong Kong activists Ray Wong Toi Yeung fellow pro-democracy protester Alan Li Tung Sing. This was only made public in 2019 in a sign of growing concern over how dissent is dealt with in the territory.
    (AP, 5/22/19)

2019        Jan 1, In western Germany a man (50) ploughed his car into a crowd of people in early today, injuring at least four in Bottrop and Essen before being arrested by police on suspicion of attempted homicide. This appeared to have been an intentional attack against foreigners.
    (AP, 1/1/19)

2019        Jan 4, In Germany an Interior Ministry spokesman said personal data and documents from hundreds of German politicians and public figures have been published online, in what appears one of the most far-reaching cyber-attacks in a country that has become a target of choice for hackers.
    (Reuters, 1/4/19)
2019        Jan 4, Twitter suspended an account that posted links to sensitive personal data and documents stolen by hackers from hundreds of German public figures and politicians — from every political party but the far-right Alternative for Germany. The breach, discovered by journalists a day earlier, affected politicians at all levels.
    (AP, 1/4/19)

2019        Jan 5, Heavy snow caused travel chaos in parts of Austria and Germany as authorities closed roads and train routes because of avalanche danger and airports reported weather-related cancelations. A 20-year-old skier died in an avalanche on Mount Teisen, near the Austrian border.
    (AP, 1/5/19)(AP, 1/6/19)

2019        Jan 7, In Germany lawmaker Frank Magnitz (66), a local leader of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, was attacked and seriously wounded by several men in the northwestern city of Bremen.
    (AP, 1/8/19)

2019        Jan 8, German authorities said a local student (20) in Hesse state has admitted obtaining and publishing the personal data of hundreds of politicians and celebrities and told investigators he acted alone.
    (AP, 1/8/19)

2019        Jan 9, It was reported that France and Germany have agreed to deepen a 1963 treaty of post-war reconciliation in a bid to show that the European Union's main axis remains strong and counter growing eurosceptic nationalism among some other members. The extension to the Elysee Treaty will be signed on Jan. 22.
    (Reuters, 1/9/19)

2019        Jan 10, In Germany almost 640 flights were cancelled as security staff went on strike at three airports, meaning disruption for around 100,000 passengers.
    (AFP, 1/10/19)
2019        Jan 10, Heavy snowfall continued in parts of Austria and southern Germany, with several places cut off and the bad weather expected to persist. Snow was causing problems in other parts of Europe, even in Norway's Arctic Svalbard archipelago. At least 17 weather-related deaths have been reported in Europe over the past week.
    (AP, 1/10/19)

2019        Jan 11, In Germany airlines canceled around 120 flights at Frankfurt Airport and 90 at Munich Airport because of concerns about snow.
    (AP, 1/11/19)
2019        Jan 11, German automaker Volkswagen posted another annual sales record in 2018 as new SUV models boosted deliveries and the company managed to increase its share in China even as the car market there shrank for the first time in years.
    (AP, 1/11/19)
2019        Jan 11, Egypt deported a German citizen early today whom it detained in Cairo airport on Dec. 27 on suspicion of plotting terrorism.
    (AP, 1/11/19)

2019        Jan 12, In Germany a small plane crashed east of Berlin, killing two people.
    (AP, 1/12/19)

2019        Jan 11, Greece told German Chancellor Angela Merkel it had grounds to pursue a legal claim for billions of euros in reparations for the Nazi occupation of the country in World War Two.
    (Reuters, 1/14/19)

2019        Jan 15, In Germany Volkswagen CEO Herbert Diess and Ford CEO Jim Hackett said they are forming a global alliance to develop commercial vans and medium-sized pickups together while exploring broader cooperation on future battery-powered and autonomous vehicles and services.
    (AP, 1/15/19)

2019        Jan 17, German authorities said they have arrested Navanithan G. (39), a suspected member of the Tamil Tigers. He is alleged to have been involved in the August 2005 assassination of Sri Lanka's Foreign Minister Lakshman Kathirkamar and the attempted killing of Eelam People*s Democratic Party leader Douglas Devananda.
    (AP, 1/17/19)

2019        Jan 18, Germany-based Volkswagen Group said that it will pay a fine of 1 billion rupees ($14.2 million) imposed by India for installing software on vehicles that allegedly cheated pollution testing devices, though it is still appealing the order.
    (AP, 1/18/19)
2019        Jan 18, Russia said it has agreed for France and Germany to monitor shipping traffic in the Kerch Strait following a naval confrontation between Moscow and Kiev last year.
    (AFP, 1/18/19)

2019        Jan 20, Spiegel Online reported that German weapons maker Rheinmetall plans to sue the government over its decision to stop all arms exports to Saudi Arabia after the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
    (Reuters, 1/20/19)
2019        Jan 20, Sea-Watch 3, run by a German NGO, said it has contacted Italy, Malta, Libya as well as the Netherlands, since the boat is Dutch-flagged, asking where it can bring the 47 migrants it had taken aboard. Another vessel crowded with panicking migrants and taking on water, meanwhile, put out an urgent, separate appeal for help in the southern Mediterranean.
    (AP, 1/20/19)

2019        Jan 21, Germany said it has banned Iran's Mahan Air from landing in the country with immediate effect, citing security concerns and the airline's involvement in Syria. The airline had several weekly flights between Tehran and German cities.
    (AP, 1/21/19)

2019        Jan 22, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron signed a new treaty in Aachen to update their 1963 post-war reconciliation accord (Elysee Treaty), aiming to reinvigorate the European Union's main axis as growing eurosceptic nationalism tests the bloc's cohesion.
    (Reuters, 1/22/19)

2019        Jan 23, The German government approved the export to Qatar of four RAM naval missile systems developed by Germany and the United States. The sale also included 85 dual-mode radar and infrared seekers that guide the missile into its target.
    (Reuters, 1/24/19)

2019        Jan 24, Germany extradited to Sweden John Ausonius (65), the convicted killer known as the "the laser man" for using a precision-scope rifle to target immigrants.
    (AFP, 1/25/19)

2019        Jan 27, Berlin and Moscow announced that Germany had provided 12 million euros to help Russian World War II veterans and siege survivors but Moscow said it was not enough.
    (AFP, 1/27/19)

2019        Jan 28, In western Germany three Polish men were killed when their car collided with a truck transporting pigs.
    (AP, 1/28/19)
2019        Jan 28, Denmark began erecting a 70-km (43.4-mile) fence along the German border to keep out wild boars in an attempt to prevent the spread of African swine fever, which could jeopardize the country's valuable pork industry.
    (AP, 1/28/19)

2019        Jan 29, It was reported that UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has been chosen as the winner of Germany's prestigious International Charlemagne Prize for contributions to European unity.
    (AP, 1/29/19)

2019        Jan 30, German authorities arrested three Iraqi refugees on allegations they were planning an Islamic extremist bombing attack, and searched properties in three states in connection with their investigation.
    (AP, 1/30/19)
2019        Jan 30, A German appeals court in Koblenz rejected the complaint of a Jewish man against a decision by the town of Herxheim am Berg to allow a bell dedicated to Adolf Hitler to continue to hang in a church tower.
    (AP, 1/30/19)

2019        Jan 31, Britain, France and Germany launched a special payment mechanism that the EU hopes will help save a nuclear deal with Iran by bypassing US sanctions.
    (AFP, 1/31/19)

2019        Feb 1, German police caught a suspect over the theft of watches worth some 125,000 euros ($143,000) from an Amsterdam jeweler. The 34-year-old Estonian man was arrested this evening as he crossed the border hours after the robbery.
    (AP, 2/4/19)

2019        Feb 4, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe said that he and visiting German Chancellor Angela Merkel share a responsibility to work towards global peace and prosperity, with both hoping for a prompt, democratic solution to Venezuela's leadership crisis.
    (Reuters, 2/4/19)

2019        Feb 6, A German court scaled back a marathon trial over the 2010 deaths of 21 young people in a stampede at a techno music festival in Duisburg, sparking anger from bereaved relatives. The negligent homicide case was terminated for seven of the 10 defendants.
    (AFP, 2/6/19)
2019        Feb 6, France and Germany announced a 65 million euro ($74 million) contract financed equally by both countries over two years as the first act of the joint program to design a next-generation combat jet.
    (Reuters, 2/6/19)

2019        Feb 7, German authorities ruled that Facebook should not be allowed to use customer data from other apps and websites to help target advertisements shown on their Facebook pages without their explicit consent, saying it was exploiting its dominant position in social media. Facebook said it rejected the decision, and would appeal within the one-month frame before it becomes final.
    (AP, 2/7/19)
2019        Feb 7, The United States sharply rebuked Germany for deporting Adem Yilmaz, a wanted Islamic militant, to Turkey instead of extraditing him to New York to stand trial on terror-related charges. He has been charged by a US federal grand jury with conspiring to carry out a March 3, 2008, suicide bombing in Afghanistan, which left two US soldiers dead and 11 others injured.
    (AFP, 2/7/19)

2019        Feb 8, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel inaugurated the new, fortress-like Berlin headquarters of the scandal-plagued BND foreign intelligence service.
    (AFP, 2/8/19)
2019        Feb 8, European Union member states adopted a Franco-German compromise allowing Berlin to remain the lead negotiator with Russia on the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline to Europe.
    (AFP, 2/8/19)

2019        Feb 11, Kim Phuc (55), known as the 'Napalm Girl' in an iconic 1972 Vietnam War photo, received a 10,000 euro ($11,350) award in Germany for her work for peace. Phuc, who now lives in Canada, was honored for her support of UNESCO and children wounded in war, and for speaking out publicly against violence and hatred.
    (AP, 2/11/19)

2019        Feb 12, Germany's top security official banned two publishers for allegedly belonging to a banned Kurdish organization. Publishers Mezopotamien Verlag und Vertrieb GmbH and the MIR Multimedia GmbH were banned because they support the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
    (AP, 2/12/19)

2019        Feb 13, In Germany new crime statistics showed that anti-Semitic offences rose almost 10 percent last year, and that violent attacks were up more than 60 percent, sparking alarm in the Jewish community.
    (AFP, 2/13/19)

2019        Feb 15, A top Airbus official said Germany's halt in exports to Saudi Arabia is preventing Britain from completing the sale of 48 Eurofighter Typhoon warplanes to Riyadh, and has delayed potential sales of other weapons such as the A400M military transport. The Eurofighter is built by a consortium of four founding countries: Germany, Britain, Italy and Spain.
    (Reuters, 2/15/19)

2019        Feb 16, German Chancellor Angela Merkel robustly defended European nations' decision to stand by the Iran nuclear deal in comments at the Munich Security Conference, an annual gathering of top global defense and foreign policy officials.
    (AP, 2/16/19)
2019        Feb 16, In Germany Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic and Kosovo President Hashim Thaci appeared together at the Munich Security Conference, both expressing interest in reaching an agreement but neither appearing to give ground.
    (AP, 2/16/19)

2019        Feb 18, Lithuanian startup Trafi said Berlin will be the first major European capital to get a transport app that handles billing for all services centrally and requires only a single login. Similar services are already available in Vilnius, Rio de Janeiro and Jakarta.
    (AP, 2/18/19)

2019        Feb 19, France and Germany launched a drive in Berlin to overhaul the European Union's competition rules to facilitate the creation of world-leading companies. They pushed forward a project to create a car battery consortium aimed at catching up with Asian rivals.
    (AP, 2/19/19)   
2019        Feb 19, Karl Lagerfeld (85), German-born French fashion designer, died in Paris. Lagerfeld was one of the most hardworking figures in the fashion world, holding down the top design jobs at LVMH-owned luxury label Fendi from 1977, and Paris' family-owned power-house Chanel in 1983.
    (AP, 2/19/19)

2019        Feb 20, Microsoft Corp said it had discovered hacking targeting democratic institutions, think tanks and non-profit organizations in Europe and plans to offer a cyber security service to several countries to close security gaps. The hacks occurred between September and December 2018, targeting employees of the German Council on Foreign Relations and European offices of The Aspen Institute and The German Marshall Fund.
    (Reuters, 2/20/19)

2019        Feb 22, German automakers Daimler and BMW say that trustworthy handling of personal data will be a key competitive advantage in their new joint venture that offers app-based services like free-floating car-sharing in big cities.
    (AP, 2/22/19)

2019        Feb 25, In Germany prosecutors fined automaker BMW 8.5 million euros ($9.66 million) for lax oversight in installing defective engine software that led to excessive diesel emissions in 7,965 cars.
    (AP, 2/25/19)

2019        Feb 26, In Germany a court ruled that the domestic BfV intelligence agency is not allowed to classify the Alternative for Germany (AfD) as a "case to investigate", handing a victory to the far-right party which had brought the case.
    (Reuters, 2/26/19)

2019        Feb, Anwar Raslan (b.1963), a former Syrian policeman, was arrested in Germany. He was charged with torturing more than 4,000 people and murdering at least 58 between 2011 and 2012 under dictator Bashar al-Assad. His trial opened in Koblenz in April, 2020.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anwar_Raslan)(Econ., 1/2/21, p.44)

2019        Mar 1, In Germany thousands of students in the port city of Hamburg marched out of school led by teenage Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg to call for more action on climate change.
    (Reuters, 3/1/19)
2019        Mar 1, In Germany gardener Bernhard Graumann (59) was found dead in his bed in the southwestern town of Mehlingen. He had been in conflict with both a doctor and a family, and is thought to have planted explosives before he died. The 64-year-old doctor in the nearby town of Enkenbach-Alsenborn was killed this morning. Two days later a woman (37) and her 4-year-old daughter were injured by glass splinters when the woman put a log that had been rigged with explosives into her stove and it blew the door out.
    (AP, 3/6/19)

2019        Mar 2, In Germany union and government negotiators reached a new wage agreement late today that will give more than a million public servants a nearly 8 percent pay increase over 33 months.
    (AP, 3/3/19)

2019        Mar 5, The Berlin district court jailed 48-year-old Aleksandr T., a German-Russian dual citizen whose full name wasn't released in line with German privacy rules. He was sentenced to eight years in prison over the July 22 attack on two homeless men at Schoeneweide station. One of the victims later died of his injuries.
    (AP, 3/5/19)

2019        Mar 6, A manhunt was underway in western Germany for at least two masked suspects who attacked a money transport truck at the Cologne-Bonn airport and shot a guard.
    (AP, 3/6/19)
2019        Mar 6, In Germany the body of a 21-year-old woman was found with several stab wounds at her parents' home. A 22-year-old Tunisian man she had been in a relationship with was arrested the next day on suspicion of homicide.
    (AP, 3/9/19)
2019        Mar 6, Venezuela's government said it will expel the German ambassador, Daniel Martin Kriener, for interfering in the country's internal affairs and gave him 48 hours to leave.
    (Reuters, 3/6/19)

2019        Mar 7, In Germany a regional court judge gave Klaus O. (57) a life sentence after convicting him of attempted murder. He was found guilty of poisoning his co-workers' sandwiches with mercury and other substances between 2015 and 2018.
    (AP, 3/7/19)
2019        Mar 7, A German court sentenced four men for their involvement in running an online child pornography platform to prison sentences from three years and ten months to almost 10 years.
    (AP, 3/7/19)

2019        Mar 12, Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany will define its own security standards for a new 5G mobile network, after Washington said it would scale back data-sharing with Berlin if China's Huawei was allowed to participate.
    (Reuters, 3/12/19)
2019        Mar 12, Britain, Germany and France joined a wave of suspensions of Boeing 737 MAX aircraft as US President Donald Trump fretted over modern airplane design following the March 10 crash in Ethiopia that killed 157 people.
    (Reuters, 3/12/19)

2019        Mar 13, German authorities extended compensation payments to more gay men who were investigated under a law criminalizing homosexuality that was enthusiastically enforced in West Germany after World War II.
    (AP, 3/13/19)

2019        Mar 21, Wikipedia's German-language page was blacked out in protest of a proposal to change European Union copyright rules.
    (AP, 3/21/19)
2019        Mar 21, Berlin police made nine arrests late today after a fight broke out on the Alexanderplatz in the city center among some 400 backers of two rival stars of YouTube.
    (AFP, 3/22/19)

2019        Mar 22, In Germany police arrested 11 people in raids around Frankfurt on a group suspected of planning an Islamic extremist attack using a vehicle and firearms.
    (SSFC, 3/24/19, p.A4)

2019        Mar 25, Austria arrested an Iraqi man "under suspicion to have carried out terrorist attacks on railways in Germany in October and December 2018".
    (AFP, 3/27/19)

2019        Mar 26, A German court upheld the murder convictions of two men whose midnight drag race in downtown Berlin in 2016 ended with a crash that killed another driver.
    (AP, 3/26/19)
2019        Mar 26, Germany's meteorological agency DWD says 2018 was the warmest in the country since records began in 1881.
    (AP, 3/26/19)

2019        Mar 28, German automaker Daimler and China's Geely, its largest single shareholder, said that they are setting up a joint venture to develop and operate Daimler's Smart compact car brand worldwide as an all-electric car.
    (AP, 3/28/19)

2019        Mar 29, In Germany thousands of students skipped school in Berlin as part of a growing worldwide youth movement demanding faster action against climate change. Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg, who inspired the protests in Germany and elsewhere by staging weekly "school strikes," headlined the demonstration.
    (AP, 3/29/19)

2019        Mar 31, In Germany Russian airline S7 Group co-owner Natalia Fileva was aboard a single-engine, six-seat Epic LT aircraft that crashed and burned in a field as it approached the small airport at the town of Egelsbach near Frankfurt. Three bodies were recovered in the crash.
    (AP, 4/1/19)

2019        Apr 2, Czech police extradited to Austria two suspects who allegedly formed a terror cell with a man detained by Austrian authorities over unsuccessful attacks on trains in Germany.
    (AP, 4/3/19)

2019        Apr 5, European Union authorities said that German automakers BMW, Daimler and VW colluded to limit the development of emissions-cleaning technology in cars.
    (AP, 4/5/19)

2019        Apr 6, Thousands of Berlin residents took to the streets to vent anger over surging rents and demanded the expropriation of more than 200,000 apartments sold off to big private landlords, which they blame for changing the character of the city.
    (Reuters, 4/6/19)

2019        Apr 9, German prosecutors searched over a dozen offices and homes across the country as part of their investigation into a massive tax fraud going back more than a decade. About 170 officers raided 19 premises in four German states.
    (AP, 4/11/19)

2019        Apr 11, A German court found a 26-year-old man and his 23-year-old wife guilty of murder for killing his parents and then bricking the bodies behind a wall in Dec. 2017. Both were sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 4/11/19)

2019        Apr 13, Malta announced a deal to distribute 64 migrants rescued at sea off Libya 10 days ago among four European Union nations: Germany, France, Portugal and Luxembourg. The German-flagged aid ship carrying them, the Alan Kurdi, will still not be allowed to enter its ports and none of the migrants will remain in Malta.
    (AP, 4/13/19)

2019        Apr 14, In Germany Stuttgart-based Daimler confirmed it was facing a regulatory probe after a report said authorities have uncovered a previously unknown type of pollution trickery software allegedly installed by the car giant in some of its vehicles.
    (AFP, 4/14/19)

2019        Apr 15, German prosecutors charged former Volkswagen CEO Martin Winterkorn (71) and four others with fraud and other offenses in connection with the company's massive, multi-year effort to cheat on diesel emissions testing.
    (AP, 4/15/19)

2019        Apr 16, Germany officially switched on the biggest offshore wind park in the Baltic Sea, which will supply some 400,000 households with electricity. Last year more than 40% of Germany's electricity was generated using renewable sources.
    (AP, 4/16/19)
2019        Apr 16, In Germany pro-euthanasia doctors and patients petitioned the Constitutional Court to overturn 2015 legislation that outlaws commercial assisted suicide. Germany does allow assisted dying - but not when money is involved.
    (Reuters, 4/16/19)

2019        Apr 25, Weather experts warned of drought in Europe over its summer as firefighters tackled forest fires in Germany, Norway and Sweden. In Austria the first signs of drought have already appeared in the east and north, raising fears of another bleak harvest. In the Czech Republic 99 percent of the country has already been hit by drought over the last five weeks.
    (AFP, 4/25/19)

2019        Apr 26, German energy company RWE says it won't invest in new coal-fired power stations and is scrapping plans for a lignite-fired plant in western Germany. RWE, which operates several of Europe's most-polluting power plants, said in a statement that it will now focus on generating electricity from renewable sources.
    (AP, 4/26/19)

2019        Apr 30, German industrial conglomerate Siemens secured contracts worth 700 million euros ($785 million) to build one power plant, upgrade 40 gas turbines and install substations and transformers "across Iraq".
    (AFP, 4/30/19)

2019        May 1, In Burkina Faso German Chancellor Angela Merkel, on a three-nation tour in West Africa, pledged 46 million euros ($51 million) to help Burkina Faso fight Islamic extremism.
    (AP, 5/2/19)

2019        May 2, A city in southern Germany became the first in the country to declare a "climate emergency," following similar moves in Canada, Britain and Switzerland. Aldermen in Konstanz voted unanimously to back a resolution promoting measures to curb greenhouse gas emissions from buildings and transport.
    (AP, 5/3/19)
2019        May 2, France and Germany unveiled details of a plan to create a leading electric battery industry in Europe, from the extraction of raw materials to recycling.
    (AP, 5/2/19)

2019        May 3, German prosecutors said police have shut down one of the world's largest illegal online markets in the so-called darkweb and arrested the three men allegedly running it. German police had on April 23 and 24 arrested the three German suspects aged 22 to 31 in the states of Hesse, Baden-Wuerttemberg and North Rhine-Westphalia. The illicit "Wall Street Market" site enabled trade in cocaine, heroin, cannabis and amphetamines as well as stolen data, fake documents and malicious software.
    (AFP, 5/3/19)

2019        May 11, In Germany the bodies of a man and two women were found with crossbow bolts in them in a hotel room in Passau, Bavaria. On May 13 two more dead women were found in the town of Wittingen. The bodies had been dead for several days, no crossbows or arrows were found, and there were no signs of a struggle. Media later reported that Torsten W. (53) appeared to have controlled the four women like a harsh sect leader who used physical force and psychological manipulation.
    (AP, 5/12/19)(AFP, 5/15/19)

2019        May 13, A jury in Oakland, Ca., ordered Bayer-owned Monsanto to pay more than $2 billion in damages to a Livermore couple that sued on grounds the product caused their cancer in a third major legal blow to the chemical giant and its weedkiller Roundup. The couple had used Roundup on their property for more than 30 years.  The punitive damages were later cut to $69 mil.
    (AFP, 5/14/19)(SFC, 5/14/19, p.A1)(SFC, 8/10/21, p.C1)

2019        May 16, In northern Germany activists occupied a building site to protest against the ongoing Nord Stream 2 pipeline project with Russia.
    (AP, 5/16/19)

2019        May 17, Germany said it would pay compensation of up to 10,000 euros ($11,000) each to victims of the former Nazi pedophile sect "Colonia Dignidad" in Chile. The sect was founded in 1961 by Paul Schaefer, a former Wehrmacht soldier, lay preacher and convicted pedophile, who abused, drugged and indoctrinated residents and kept them as virtual slaves. Schaefer was arrested in Argentina in 2005 and then jailed in Chile for child sexual and other abuses. Schaefer (88) died behind bars in 2010. Victims said compensation offered by Germany was not enough to make up for decades of slavery and abuse.
    (AFP, 5/17/19)(AFP, 5/18/19)
2019        May 17, In Germany two Afghan teenagers were convicted over a dispute with a German man (22), who then died of a heart attack in September 2019. The Dessau-Rosslau state court gave the younger man 17 months and the elder 20 months.
    (AP, 5/17/19)

2019        May 19, In Europe tens of thousands of demonstrators opposed to right-wing populism and nationalism took to the streets in a number of cities before May 23-26 elections to the European Parliament. In Germany organizers reported 20,000 protesters in Berlin; police estimated 10,000 in Munich, 14,000 in Frankfurt, and 10,000 in Hamburg.
    (AP, 5/19/19)

2019        May 20, Heavy rainfall in Germany caused widespread flooding, particularly in the south, leaving one person dead.
    (AP, 5/21/19)

2019        May 21, German authorities handed over to Israel some 5,000 documents kept by a confidant of Franz Kafka, a trove whose plight could have been plucked from one of the author's surreal stories.
    (AP, 5/21/19)
2019        May 21, The International Tracing Service in Germany said it has uploaded more than 13 million documents from Nazi concentration camps, including prisoner cards and death notices, to help Holocaust researchers and others investigate the fate of victims. The ITS also announced it was changing its name to "Arolsen Archives - International Center on Nazi Persecution."
    (AP, 5/21/19)

2019        May 22, Germany deported an 18-year-old Afghan asylum-seeker who was recently convicted over a string of assaults that prompted a public outcry. the teenager was flown to Kabul together with 23 countrymen whose asylum bids had also been rejected.
    (AP, 5/22/19)
2019        May 22, Police in western Germany raided 49 homes and businesses linked to an Iraqi gang suspected of involvement in human trafficking, drug dealing, illegal arms trade and forging identity papers. Authorities targeted the premises of 34 suspects belonging to the Al-Salam-313 gang.
    (AP, 5/22/19)
2019        May 22, Daimler CEO Dieter Zetsche (66) handed off leadership to successor Ola Kallenius (49) after 13 years at the helm warning that the company will need to cut costs to invest in new technologies that are transforming the industry.
    (AP, 5/22/19)

2019        May 23, German prosecutors fined auto parts and technology company Bosch 90 million euros ($100 million) over its role in the diesel emissions scandal that erupted at Volkswagen in 2015.
    (AP, 5/23/19)

2019        May 25, Germany's government commissioner on anti-Semitism warned Jews about the potential dangers of wearing the traditional kippah cap in the face of rising anti-Jewish attacks.
    (AFP, 5/25/19)

2019        Jun 1, In Germany Walter Luebcke (65), a politician from Chancellor Angela Merkel's party, was shot dead with a gunshot wound to the head. He was in charge of the Kassel area regional administration. Stephan Ernst (45), a suspected right-wing radical, was arrested two weeks later after police found his DNA at the scene. In 2020 Ernst was charged with murder and a 2nd man was charged as an accessory.
    (AP, 6/3/19)(Reuters, 6/18/19)(SFC, 4/30/20, p.A2)

2019        Jun 6, A German court handed a life sentence to Niels Hoegel (42), a nurse believed to be the most prolific serial killer in the country's post-war history, for the "unfathomable" crime of murdering 85 patients in his care.
    (AFP, 6/6/19)

2019        Jun 13, Germany's top administrative court ruled that the slaughtering of male chicks may continue in the poultry industry until a method is found to determine the sex of an embryo in the egg.
    (AFP, 6/13/19)

2019        Jun 14, A German court fined two gynecologists for offering information publicly on how they carry out abortion services, despite the recent easing of a Nazi-era law banning practitioners from advertising of pregnancy terminations.
    (AFP, 6/14/19)

2019        Jun 17, France, Germany and Spain unveiled a next-generation combat jet for European air forces, an ambitious project aimed at bringing together the continent's disparate military forces while offering an alternative to American planes. The stealth jet is part of the Future Combat Air System (FCAS).
    (AFP, 6/17/19)

2019        Jun 18, Berlin's government moved to freeze rents for five years from 2020 in their latest bid to halt runaway gentrification. Only social housing and private property that has not been let out would be exempt.
    (AFP, 6/18/19)
2019        Jun 18, The EU's highest court (ECJ) ruled that a planned German highway toll for cars discriminates against foreign drivers and breaches European Union law, forcing Berlin to rethink how to charge road users.
    (Reuters, 6/18/19)

2019        Jun 19, A Transport Ministry spokesman said Germany has canceled its contracts with the companies charged with setting up a highway toll system for cars.
    (Reuters, 6/19/19)

2019        Jun 20, German federal police office, on a European arrest warrant issued by the Belgian authorities, picked up a suspect (39) overnight in connection with the 2015 Paris attacks.
    (AFP, 6/27/19)

2019        Jun 21, In Germany tens of thousands of climate activists noisily rallied to demand action against global warming, now one of the hottest issues on the European political agenda.
    (AFP, 6/21/19)
2019        Jun 21, Der Spiegel reported that the companies that were set to operate the German motorway vignette scheme scuppered by a European Court ruling earlier this week plan to demand 300 million euros ($339.21 million) compensation from Berlin.
    (Reuters, 6/21/19)

2019        Jun 22, In western Germany hundreds of environmental activists broke through a police cordon to enter the open-pit Garzweiler mine, one of the country's biggest lignite coal mines.
    (SSFC, 6/23/19, p.A4)

2019        Jun 24, German automaker Daimler AG said its Mercedes-Benz luxury brand plans to assemble cars in Egypt in cooperation with a local partner.
    (AP, 6/24/19)

2019        Jun 26, German police cautioned a man riding naked on a moped while topless sunbathers sparked a row in Munich, as temperatures were to soar to record highs in several European countries.
    (AFP, 6/26/19)
2019        Jun 26, A German humanitarian group says its ship Sea-Watch 3 carrying 42 migrants rescued at sea two weeks ago has entered Italian waters under emergency provisions, calling the situation on board desperate.
    (AP, 6/26/19)

2019        Jun 27, In Germany two of three men charged with hundreds of counts of child sexual abuse over decades at a German campsite pleaded guilty as their trial opened.
    (AFP, 6/27/19)
2019        Jun 27, German federal prosecutors said police have made two more arrests related to the killing of a pro-migrant politician, allegedly by a far-right sympathizer.
    (AFP, 6/27/19)

2019        Jun 28, Authorities in Germany said they have shut down Chemical Revolution, the country's largest online wholesaler of illegal drugs, and arrested 11 people as part of an international investigation into a drugs ring they said spanned five European countries and sold narcotics worldwide.
    (Reuters, 6/28/19)

2019        Jul 2, German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen emerged as the surprise candidate to lead the European Union's executive Commission. David-Maria Sassoli, an Italian member of the Socialists & Democrats bloc, was elected as the next president of the European parliament after two rounds of voting in the Strasbourg-based legislature.
    (AP, 7/3/19)

2019        Jul 7, Germany's struggling Deutsche Bank announced that it will cut 18,000 jobs by 2022 in a sweeping restructuring aimed at restoring consistent profitability and improving returns to its shareholders.
    (SFC, 7/8/19, p.A2)
2019        Jul 7, The US urged Germany to send ground troops to Syria as Washington looked to withdraw from the region. This led to discord in Chancellor Angela Merkel's ruling coalition.
    (AFP, 7/7/19)

2019        Jul 8, A government spokesman says Germany isn't considering sending ground troops to Syria as part of its contribution to fighting the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 7/8/19)

2019        Jul 10, In Germany Ali Bashar (22), an Iraqi man, was sentenced to life in jail for the 2018 rape and murder of Susanna Maria Feldman (14) that fuelled far-right protests against a mass influx of mostly Muslim migrants.
    (AFP, 7/10/19)

2019        Jul 11, The German domestic intelligence agency (BfV) said that it is stepping up observation of the far-right Identitarian Movement in Germany, a group that campaigns against immigrants and Islam.
    (AP, 7/11/19)

2019        Jul 15, German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen (60) said she is resigning from Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet to focus on becoming the next head of the European Commission, the top job in the European Union.
    (AP, 7/15/19)
2019        Jul 15, Bayer AG said US regulators approved Gadavist, its contrast agent for use in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to assess patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease.
    (Reuters, 7/15/19)
2019        Jul 15, German authorities shut down a busy stretch of highway A14 after a truck carrying 17 tons of cocoa caught fire.
    (AP, 7/15/19)

2019        Jul 17, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved a plan to make measles vaccinations mandatory for children and employees of kindergartens and schools.
    (AP, 7/17/19)
2019        Jul 17, Chancellor Angela Merkel's protegee, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, took over as defence minister, entering the cabinet in a move likely to make or break her chances of succeeding her mentor as Germany's leader by 2021.
    (Reuters, 7/17/19)

2019        Jul 19, German Chancellor Angela Merkel criticized US President Donald Trump's comments about Democratic lawmakers of color, saying they run counter to what she considers "the strength of America" and expressing solidarity with the women.
    (AP, 7/19/19)

2019        Jul 20, British Airways said it was suspending flights to Cairo for seven days for unspecified reasons related to safety and security. Lufthansa also suspended flights to Cairo but resumed service the next day.
    (AP, 7/20/19)(SFC, 7/22/19, p.A2)

2019        Jul 25, Soaring temperatures broke records in Germany, France, Britain and the Netherlands as a heatwave gripped Europe for the second time in a month. The Paris area recorded 108.7 degrees F; 105.3 F in the Netherlands; 105.3 F in Belgium; 108.7 F in Germany and 98.4 F at Heathrow Airport.
    (Reuters, 7/25/19)(SFC, 7/26/19, p.A2)

2019        Jul 29, In Germany a boy (8) was run over by a train and killed at Frankfurt's main station after a man pushed him and his mother onto the tracks. The suspect (40), an Eritrean citizen, fled the scene with passers-by in pursuit and was arrested near the station.
    (AP, 7/29/19)

2019        Jul 30, In Germany the former head of Volkswagen's luxury division Audi was charged along with three others with fraud over the sale of cars with software that enabled cheating on emissions tests.
    (AP, 7/31/19)

2019        Jul 31, Olaf Scholz, the German vice-chancellor, publicly confirmed that his country would not take part in a US-led naval taskforce to protect shipping in the Persian Gulf.
    (The Telegraph, 7/31/19)
2019        Jul 31, Finland's Orion and Germany's Bayer said the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had approved prostate cancer drug daroluramide, which the two companies have been developing together.
    (Reuters, 7/31/19)

2019        Aug 3, In Germany dozens of environmentalists began blocking the entrance to a coal-fired power plant in the city of Mannheim in protest over the burning of fossil fuels.
    (AP, 8/3/19)

2019        Aug 10, Brazilian newspaper Folha de S.Paulo reported that Germany will partially suspend funds sent to Brazil to finance projects aimed at preserving the Amazon forest due to increasing deforestation.
    (Reuters, 8/10/19)

2019        Aug 21, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's government agreed to exempt most taxpayers from the solidarity tax that was introduced after the county's reunification.
    (Reuters, 8/21/19)

2019        Aug 22, In Germany the state court in Dresden convicted Syrian asylum-seeker Alaa S. (24) of manslaughter and dangerous bodily harm in the killing last August 26 of Daniel Hillig. An Iraqi suspect in the case was still being sought on an international arrest warrant.
    (AP, 8/22/19)(SFC, 8/23/19, p.A2)
2019        Aug 22, The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) said Deutsche Bank has agreed to pay more than $16 million to settle charges that it violated US corruption laws by hiring relatives of foreign government officials in order to win or retain business.
    (Reuters, 8/22/19)

2019        Aug 23, In Germany 40-year-old victim from Georgia was shot by a cyclist, who was captured shortly afterward and identified as a 48-year-old Russian man. Russia later denied any involvement. In 2020 prosecutors filed murder charges against suspect Vadim Krasikov for the murder of Zelimkhan Khangoshvili.
    (AP, 8/28/19)(SFC, 6/19/20, p.A2)
2019        Aug 23, Germany-based Volkswagen AG said it is recalling 679,000 US vehicles sold since 2011 that could roll away because of an electrical issue.
    (Reuters, 8/23/19)

2019        Aug 24, In Germany thousands of people attended a protest against racism in Dresden, the capital of Saxony state, two weeks ahead of state elections.
    (SSFC, 8/25/19, p.A6)

2019        Aug 25, Ferdinand Karl Piech, Volkswagen AG's former chairman and chief executive, died. He had transformed the German company from a struggling midsized carmaker into a global automotive powerhouse.
    (Reuters, 8/26/19)

2019        Aug 27, Deutsche Bank AG confirmed it has tax returnes requsted by US lawmakers seeking financial information for Pres. Trump and his family.
    (SFC, 8/28/19, p.A6)

2019        Aug 28, Germany's Cabinet approved a plan to spend up to 40 billion euros ($44.4 billion) by 2038 to cushion the impact of abandoning coal on mining regions.
    (AP, 8/28/19)
2019        Aug 28, A German court fined former cyclist and Tour de France champion Jan Ullrich (45) 7,200 euros for attacking and injuring an African sex worker (31) in a room in a luxury Frankfurt hotel in the early hours of Aug. 10, 2018.
    (Reuters, 8/28/19)

2019        Sep 1, In eastern Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives and her Social Democrat (SPD) coalition partners bled support to the far right in two state elections, dealing a double blow to her already unstable ruling alliance.
    (Reuters, 9/1/19)
2019        Sep 1, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier, visiting the town of Wielun, Poland, where Nazi bombers caused the first large-scale civilian casualties of the conflict in an air raid on Sept. 1, 1939, said his country won’t forget the past and takes responsibility for the war’s terror and atrocities.
    (Bloomberg, 9/1/19)

2019        Sep 3, German fashion photographer Peter Lindbergh (74), credited with inventing the concept of the supermodel in the 1980s, died.
    (Reuters, 9/4/19)

2019        Sep 9, Germany said it will resume training border police in Saudi Arabia, after suspending the practice following the killing last year of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
    (AP, 9/9/19)
2019        Sep 9, The Volkswagen ID.3, a compact (C-segment) electric car produced by Volkswagen, was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show, after being first shown as the I.D. concept car at the 2016 Paris Motor Show. It is based on the MEB platform and the first model of the I.D. Series.

2019        Sep 10, It was reported that IBM is joining forces with a German research institute to explore the potential of quantum computing in a project that the government in Berlin will back to the tune of 650 million euros ($717 million) over two years.
    (Reuters, 9/10/19)

2019        Sep 11, The Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) said the German economy will slide into a recession in the current quarter, as it slashed its growth forecasts for Europe's biggest economy due to trade disputes and Brexit uncertainty.
    (Reuters, 9/11/19)
2019        Sep 11, Ryan Air and its pilot's union said pilots in Germany have reached a wage agreement with Ryanair for the first time, a boost to the budget carrier which is facing industrial unrest elsewhere in Europe.
    (Reuters, 9/11/19)

2019        Sep 16, A German government source said Chancellor Angela Merkel's government will extend a halt on arms exports to Saudi Arabia pointing to the war in neighboring Yemen and the Social Democrats' refusal to drop opposition to lifting the moratorium.
    (Reuters, 9/16/19)

2019        Sep 18, Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved extending Germany's military participation in an international coalition against the Islamic State group. The Cabinet extended the Bundeswehr's training of local Iraqi forces until Oct. 31, 2020.
    (AP, 9/18/19)

2019        Sep 20, Germany pledged a 54 billion euros ($60 billion) program to put its climate target back on track without abandoning its long-standing policy of zero deficit spending.
    (Bloomberg, 9/20/19)
2019        Sep 20, Germany's Commerzbank AG says it's planning to cut 4,300 jobs and close 200 branches as part of a restructuring that will also see it sell its stake in Poland's mBank.
    (AP, 9/20/19)

2019        Sep 21, In Germany beer started flowing as the 186th Oktoberfest got underway in the southern city of Munich.
    (AP, 9/21/19)

2019        Sep 25, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel's government convened a "national forest summit" as a beetle infestation has turned climate-stressed woodlands into brown ecological graveyards.
    (AFP, 9/25/19)

2019        Oct 3, Chancellor Angela Merkel made a veiled attack on the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party on the 29th anniversary of German reunification, saying economic grievances in the east were no excuse for racism.
    (AP, 10/3/19)

2019        Oct 7, German Chancellor Angela Merkel defended climate protection measures condemned by critics as unambitious, while activists blocked traffic in Berlin to demand drastic action to cut carbon emissions responsible for global warming.
    (Reuters, 10/7/19)

2019        Oct 9, The German cabinet approved climate protection measures designed to drastically cut greenhouse gas emissions, keeping on track plans by Chancellor Angela Merkel to pass the landmark package this year.
    (AP, 10/9/19)
2019        Oct 9, In eastern Germany two people were killed in shooting attacks on a synagogue and a kebab bistro in the city of Halle on Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the calendar in Judaism. Suspect Stephan Balliet (27) was arrested.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halle_synagogue_shooting)(Econ., 2/29/20, p.40)

2019        Oct 12, Germany said it has banned arms exports to Turkey over its assault against Kurdish YPG militia in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/12/19)

2019        Oct 17, Germany slashed its growth outlook for next year, saying it expects trade conflicts, Brexit and other sources of uncertainty abroad to continue weighing on an economy that remains buttressed by domestic strength.
    (AFP, 10/17/19)

2019        Oct 19, Thousands of people in the German city of Cologne and in the French capital demonstrated against Turkey's offensive in northern Syria.
    (AP, 10/19/19)

2019        Oct 27, Germans in the eastern state of Thuringia voted in an election in which the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) sought to build on successes in two other regional votes last month and to beat Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives. Bjoern Hoecke led the anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim Alternative for Germany (AfD) party to double its score from the previous election in 2014 to 23.4 percent in the ex-communist Thuringia state, knocking Chancellor Angela Merkel's CDU party off second spot. The ex-Communist Left Party of Gov. Bodo Ramelow won 30.1% of the vote.
    (Reuters, 10/27/19)(AFP, 10/28/19)(SFC, 10/28/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 29, Bruno Kahl, the president of Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND), said Huawei Technologies Co. “can’t fully be trusted," signaling security hardliners in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government want to keep the Chinese technology giant out of the country’s fifth-generation networks.
    (Bloomberg, 10/29/19)
2019        Oct 29, German prosecutors said they have charged two suspected former members of Syria's secret police with crimes against humanity in a case that human rights campaigners say marks a major step in the fight to hold to account Syrian officials responsible for atrocities in the country's long-running civil war.
    (AP, 10/29/19)

2019        Oct 30, Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet passed new measures aimed at helping fight far-right extremism and anti-Semitism following an attack on a synagogue earlier this month.
    (AP, 10/30/19)

2019        Nov 1, German Chancellor Angela Merkel got a toxic welcome to India as PM Narendra Modi welcomed her in air so polluted that authorities declared a public health emergency. The two sides signed a series of agreements in agriculture, maritime technology, "green urban mobility" and even yoga.
    (AFP, 11/1/19)

2019        Nov 4, It was reported that Germany plans to increase by half the grants available to buyers of electric cars over the five years from 2020, the latest in a series of measures to speed the adoption of low-emissions vehicles.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)
2019        Nov 4, Thyssenkrupp, a German industrial conglomerate, said it plans to invest 250 million euros ($279 million) at its unit that builds submarines and warships.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)

2019        Nov 7, Germany's Lufthansa airline announced plans for more cost cuts and delivered better-than-expected results, sending shares higher even as a cabin crew strike posed a further challenge to its efforts to revive profits.
    (Reuters, 11/7/19)

2019        Nov 10, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives and the center-left Social Democrats (SPD) broke a deadlock over a higher basic pension that had threatened the future of their governing coalition.
    (Reuters, 11/10/19)

2019        Nov 11, Germany-based Adidas said it plans to close high-tech "robot" factories in Germany and the United States it launched to bring production closer to customers. Adidas said deploying some of the technology in Asia would be "more economic and flexible".
    (Reuters, 11/11/19)
2019        Nov 11, It was reported that Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel agreed that Ukraine should give its separatist-led Donbass region a special status set out in Ukrainian law.
    (Reuters, 11/11/19)

2019        Nov 12, Authorities in Germany detained three alleged supporters of the Islamic State group in Offenbach on suspicion of preparing a deadly attack against non-Muslims.
    (AP, 11/12/19)   
2019        Nov 12, The Berlin-based European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights said it has asked Norwegian prosecutors to open a criminal investigation against senior Syrian officials over allegations of torture and crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 11/12/19)
2019        Nov 12, Tesla Chief Executive Elon Musk said the US electric vehicle pioneer will build its first European factory and design center near Berlin.
    (Reuters, 11/13/19)

2019        Nov 13, The German parliament’s legal affairs committee ousted Stephan Brandner, its chairman and a member of the far-right Alternative for Germany party, amid anger over a string of inflammatory comments he had made.
    (AP, 11/13/19)

2019        Nov 15, The German lower house of parliament approved a major climate protection package which aims to ensure Germany will meet its 2030 target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
    (Reuters, 11/15/19)
2019        Nov 15, Volkswagen installed former BMW executive Markus Duesmann to reinvent Audi after the German premium brand lost key engineering know-how and influence in the wake of the 2015 diesel-cheating scandal.
    (Reuters, 11/15/19)

2019        Nov 18, German biotech company Morphosys said more patients would be recruited for a study testing its most advanced drug against a common type of blood cancer, following an encouraging interim data readout.
    (Reuters, 11/18/19)

2019        Nov 19, German special police forces arrested a Syrian man (26) in a raid on his apartment after receiving intelligence from American officials that he was planning an extremist attack.
    (AP, 11/19/19)

2019        Nov 23, Germany’s ruling Christian Democrats approved a motion that calls on the government to restrict Chinese equipment supplier Huawei Technologies Co. from participating in the country’s planned 5G network.
    (AP, 11/23/19)
2019        Nov 23, In northern Germany more than 5,000 people followed the call by the governor of Lower Saxony to join rallies against a far-right protest in Hannover. Only about 100 far-right protesters showed up for their march.
    (AP, 11/23/19)

2019        Nov 25, Thieves in Germany looted the historic Green Vault Museum in Dresden of potentially millions of dollars worth of valuables in a brazen heist early this morning. Police later said at least seven people were involved in the theft of the 18th-century jewels.
    (SFC, 1/26/19, p.A2)(AP, 3/5/20)

2019        Nov 26, In Germany thousands of farmers drove their tractors to Berlin's famed Brandenburg Gate in a mass protest against new environmental regulations they say threaten their livelihoods.
    (AFP, 11/26/19)
2019        Nov 26, Germany-based Audi announced a major restructuring scheme, slashing around 9,500 jobs until 2025 in an effort to adopt production to the e-mobility era and achieve billion-euro cost savings.
    (Reuters, 11/26/19)

2019        Dec 3, German public prosecutors raided the Wolfsburg headquarters of Volkswagen in the latest investigation into the carmaker's diesel emissions scandal.
    (Reuters, 12/3/19)

2019        Dec 4, Germany expelled two Russian diplomats as it opened a formal investigation into suspicions the Kremlin was behind the killing of a man in central Berlin. Zelimkhan Khangoshvili, a Georgian national, was shot dead in a Berlin park in August.
    (The Telegraph, 12/4/19)
2019        Dec 4, Deutsche Telekom said it has put all deals to buy 5G network equipment on hold, as it awaits the resolution of a debate in Germany over whether to bar Chinese vendor Huawei on security grounds.
    (Reuters, 12/4/19)

2019        Dec 6, In Germany an off-duty firefighter (49) was killed in an altercation between two couples and a group of youths in the southern city of Augsburg. Two teenagers were soon arrested after surveillance cameras enabled investigators to identify the suspects.
    (AP, 12/8/19)

2019        Dec 7, German farmers set up “warning bonfires" this evening at hundreds of sites across the country in a continuation of protests against new environmental controls that have caught Berlin on the back foot.
    (The Telegraph, 12/8/19)

2019        Dec 9, In France the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France met in Paris to discuss a peace settlement for Ukraine’s war-ravaged east for the first time in more than three years. Ukraine's Pres. Volodymyr Zelenskiy made clear at the talks that Ukraine must regain control of its eastern border before elections can take place in the disputed region as part of a peace accord. Russia's Pres. Putin said the elections must come first. Participating leaders agreed to implement a comprehensive ceasefire and hold a major prisoner exchange between the Ukrainian government and the separatists.
    (The Telegraph, 12/9/19)(Bloomberg, 12/10/19)(The Telegraph, 12/10/19)

2019        Dec 11, The German government said it was unaware that Russia had made an extradition request for a Georgian man murdered in Berlin in August after Russian President Vladimir Putin said requests from Moscow had not been heeded.
    (Reuters, 12/11/19)

2019        Dec 12, Germany pushed back on President Donald Trump’s moves to impose sanctions on the controversial Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline, with Angela Merkel’s top diplomat rejecting outside meddling.
    (Bloomberg, 12/12/19)
2019        Dec 12, Russia expelled two German diplomats in what it called a standard diplomatic response to a similar move by Germany last week and said it hoped a dispute over the killing of a Georgian citizen in Berlin would not damage ties further.
    (Reuters, 12/12/19)

2019        Dec 13, In eastern Germany one person died and 11 were injured in an explosion at an apartment building in the town of Blankenburg.
    (AP, 12/13/19)

2019        Dec 16, Lawmakers in Germany reached a hard-fought compromise on carbon pricing early, breaking a parliamentary deadlock on the government's much-disputed climate policy reforms.
    (AFP, 12/16/19)

2019        Dec 19, Germany's parliament passed a resolution calling for a national ban on the activities of Hezbollah and for the Lebanese militant group to be put on the European Union's terrorist list.
    (AP, 12/19/19)

2019        Dec 20, President Trump signed off on sanctions against companies building a Russian natural gas pipeline to Germany that Congress fears will give the Kremlin dangerous leverage over America's European allies.
    (The Telegraph, 12/20/19)
2019        Dec 20, The US Environmental Protection Agency and the Justice Department said in a friend of the court brief a federal appeals court should reverse a lower court verdict finding the Bayer company liable in the case of a man who blamed the weed killer by Bayer's US unit Monsanto for his cancer.
    (Reuters, 12/23/19)

2019        Dec 21, Berlin accused Washington of interfering in German internal affairs, after Donald Trump signed off on US sanctions against companies building a Russian natural gas pipeline to Germany. Switzerland-based Allseas, which operates ships laying sections of the undersea pipeline, said it was suspending work on the £8.5 billion project, which is well advanced.
    (The Telegraph, 12/21/19)

2019        Dec 24, Germany rejected calls from the European Commission asking the country to take in more unaccompanied migrant children from overcrowded refugee camps in Greece. Horst Seehofer, the interior minister, said while he was concerned about the plight of the migrants, doing so without a concerted European strategy would only encourage people smugglers.
    (The Telegraph, 12/24/19)

2020        Jan 1, In western Germany a fire at the Krefeld zoo in the first minutes of 2020 killed more than 30 animals, including apes, monkeys, bats and birds. Police said the fire may have been caused by sky lanterns launched to celebrate the new year.
    (AP, 1/1/20)

2020        Jan 8, Researchers in Germany said a review of fatal encephalitis cases in the state of Bavaria has found that more than twice as many as previously known were tied to a rare animal-borne virus. Borna disease virus 1, or BoDV-1, is normally found in horses, sheep and other mammals. It was first identified as the cause of severe human encephalitis in 2018.
    (AP, 1/8/20)

2020        Jan 11, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Moscow for talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin amid growing tensions in the Middle East and elsewhere.
    (AP, 1/11/20)

2020        Jan 14, Germany launched an 86 billion euro ($95 billion) plan to modernize and expand its creaky railway system, a move billed as an effort to make transportation greener.
    (Bloomberg, 1/14/20)
2020        Jan 14, Britain, France and Germany triggered a dispute resolution mechanism under the already tattered 2015 nuclear deal, prompting Iran to warn them of unspecified "consequences".
    (AFP, 1/14/20)

2020        Jan 15, Deutsche Telekom said it was founding a fiber-optic networks joint venture with regional utility EWE that aims to connect more than 1.5 million German households after winning antitrust approval for the deal to go ahead.
    (Reuters, 1/15/20)

2020        Jan 16, Germany's foreign minister said Libyan strongman General Khalifa Haftar has agreed to abide by a ceasefire and said he was ready to participate in an international conference in Berlin on Jan. 19.
    (The Telegraph, 1/16/20)

2020        Jan 19, Participants at a Berlin summit agreed to respect a much-violated arms embargo in Libya, halt military support to the warring parties and push them to reach a full cease-fire. The summit was quickly overshadowed by a fresh crisis over oil. There were reports of ongoing fighting on the frontlines south of Tripoli and Western leaders appeared downbeat on the prospects of putting the ceasefire agreement into force. It was later revealed that at least five cargo planes filled with weapons from the UAE and Russia were bound for Libya as global leaders posed for a group picture.
    (AP, 1/20/20)(The Telegraph, 1/20/20)(SFC, 9/4/20, p.A4)

2020        Jan 22, In Germany a Berlin court convicted two German men of murder in the fatal shooting of a 25-year-old Polish woman. The woman was found fatally injured in a Berlin driveway in December 2018. The two men were sentenced to life imprisonment.
    (AP, 1/22/20)

2020        Jan 23, In central Germany a school bus crashed early today, killing two children and leaving five others seriously injured near the village of Berka, Thuringia state.
    (AP, 1/23/20)

2020        Jan 24, In Germany six people were killed and several were injured in a shooting in the southwestern town of Rot am See. Police arrested a German national (26) and believed the shooting was a result of a family dispute.
    (AP, 1/24/20)(SFC, 1/25/20, p.A2)

2020        Jan 25, Fashion retailer H&M said that data security breaches found at its German unit were unacceptable and it was cooperating with the local data protection supervisory authority in its investigation into the matter.
    (Reuters, 1/25/20)

2020        Jan 26, The German military resumed training Iraqi troops in the country's Kurdish north, about three weeks after it was suspended following the US killing of a top Iranian general in Baghdad. The Bundeswehr has about 90 soldiers in Irbil. Germany's training mission in central Iraq is still suspended.
    (AP, 1/26/20)

2020        Jan 28, A German court ruled that a hostel situated on the grounds of the North Korean embassy in Berlin must close as its operation breaches sanctions aimed at stopping the flow of hard currency to Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 1/28/20)
2020        Jan 28, Germany-based Adidas said it will launch new fabrics made from recycled polyester and marine plastic waste and expand the product lines that use them after the success of shoes made with the Parley for the Oceans initiative.
    (Reuters, 1/28/20)

2020        Jan 29, Germany-based Lufthansa said it is suspending its own, Swiss and Austrian Airlines flights to and from China until Feb. 9.
    (Reuters, 1/29/20)

2020        Jan 30, Amnesty International criticized Greece's plans to deploy a floating barrier as a way to prevent migrants from reaching the Greek islands from nearby Turkey.
    (AP, 1/30/20)
2020        Jan 30, Berlin’s legislature backed measures including a five-year rent freeze, more than six months after they were proposed by the left-leaning administration. A property boom has caused rents to double over the past decade.
    (Bloomberg, 1/30/20)

2020        Feb 1, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia confirmed they would not extradite their nationals to the UK during the 11-month transition period which starts tomorrow.
    (Business Insider, 2/1/20)

2020        Feb 2, In western Germany more than 100 environmentalist activists occupied the site of the yet-to-be commissioned Datteln 4 coal fired power plant to protest against carbon emissions from coal burning.
    (Reuters, 2/2/20)

2020        Feb 4, A German appeals court rejected a Jewish man's bid to force the removal of a 700-year-old anti-Semitic statue from Town Church in Wittenberg where Martin Luther once preached. The sculpture depicts people identifiable as Jews suckling on the teats of a sow, while a rabbi lifts the animal’s tail.
    (AP, 2/4/20)

2020        Feb 5, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party lined up with the far right Alternative for Germany (AfD) for the first time ever to elect a state leader in Thuringia, throwing the country’s political establishment into disarray.
    (AP, 2/5/20)
2020        Feb 5, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in South Africa to discuss trade, investment and energy issues with Berlin's largest trading partner in Africa.
    (AP, 2/5/20)
2020        Feb 5, German sportswear company Adidas said it was temporarily shutting a "considerable" number of its stores in China due to the coronavirus outbreak.
    (Reuters, 2/5/20)

2020        Feb 6, Thomas Kemmerich, the premier of Germany's Thuringia state, stepped down and called for snap elections, barely 24 hours after he was elected with the help of far-right AfD lawmakers in a vote Angela Merkel called "unforgivable".
    (AFP, 2/6/20)

2020        Feb 8, Germany's ruling coalition called for fresh elections in the eastern state of Thuringia, whose pro-business premier stepped down only two days after being helped into the job with votes from the far right.
    (Reuters, 2/8/20)

2020        Feb 10, Chancellor Angela Merkel said she regretted today's decision of her protegee Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer not to stand as their party's candidate for the chancellorship in Germany's next federal election.
    (Reuters, 2/10/20)

2020        Feb 11, German and Swiss media reported that US and German intelligence services raked in the top secret communications of governments around the world for decades through their hidden control of a top encryption company Crypto AG, US. The Swiss company was secretly owned by the US Central Intelligence Agency together with Germany's BND Federal Intelligence Service, who rigged Crypto's equipment to be able to easily break the codes and read the government’s messages.
    (AFP, 2/11/20)

2020        Feb 14, German officials said police have detained 12 men on suspicion of involvement in a far-right group that allegedly planned attacks against politicians and minorities.
    (SFC, 2/15/20, p.A2)

2020        Feb 15, In Germany several thousand people demonstrated in Erfurt, capital of Thuringia state, where far-right lawmakers last week helped install a new state premier.
    (AP, 2/15/20)

2020        Feb 16, Germany and the UN, which co-hosted a Jan. 19 Berlin summit, gathered foreign ministers and other officials from a dozen countries on the sidelines of the Munich Security Conference to try to bolster a drive to cut off outside military support for Libya's warring parties.
    (AP, 2/16/20)

2020        Feb 19, In Germany a massacre in the Frankfurt suburb of Hanau erupted late today at two hookah bars. The shooting left 11 people dead, including Tobias Rathjen, the suspected gunman. Investigators said a video the suspect posted online allegedly expressed right-wing conspiracy theories.
    (ABC News, 2/20/20)(Econ., 2/29/20, p.40)

2020        Feb 23, Berlin began freezing the rents of 1.5 million apartments for the next five years in a controversial move to control the exploding costs that have forced many to move outside Germany's capital city.
    (AP, 2/23/20)

2020        Feb 24, In Germany at least 52 people were hurt when the driver of a silver Mercedes station wagon drove into a carnival procession in Volkmarsen. A German man (29) was soon arrested in connection with the attack.
    (Business Insider, 2/25/20)

2020        Feb 26, Germany's highest court overturned a ban on medically assisted suicide.
    (SFC, 2/27/20, p.A2)
2020        Feb 26, In Germany two people tested positive for coronavirus, taking the total to 18. Officials said a German couple who contracted the coronavirus had taken part in local carnival celebrations and also visited the Netherlands in the 10 days before they were diagnosed.
    (Reuters, 2/26/20)

2020        Feb 27, In Germany, the Berlin state government struck down the honorary citizen title of former German Pres. Paul von Hindenburg (1925-1934) citing his act of appointing Adolf Hitler as chancellor in 1933.
    (SFC, 2/28/20, p.A2)

2020        Mar 1, Germany's Robert Koch Institute for disease control said the number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Germany has jumped to 117 from 66.
    (Reuters, 3/1/20)

2020        Mar 2, In Germany the number of novel coronavirus cases rose to 150, up from 129 the previous day, with Berlin reporting its first infection.
    (AP, 3/2/20)
2020        Mar 2, Britain's Foreign Office said Germany, France and the UK have offered a 5 million-euro ($5.6 million) package to Iran to help fight coronavirus in the country.
    (Reuters, 3/2/20)

2020        Mar 3, Germany said the number of confirmed cases has risen to 188. The virus has spread to 13 of the country’s 16 federal states.
    (AP, 3/3/20)

2020        Mar 4, Germany ordered the closure of all schools and universities until March 15.
    (Econ., 3/7/20, p.48)
2020        Mar 4, Germany-based Lufthansa said it has cut its flight capacity in a move equivalent to grounding almost a fifth of its fleet, response to the coronavirus epidemic.
    (AP, 3/4/20)

2020        Mar 5, Germany's new coronavirus cases jumped by 109 in a day, to 349.
    (AP, 3/5/20)

2020        Mar 7, Germany’s confirmed coronavirus infections rose to 684 from 534 a day earlier.
    (AP, 3/7/20)

2020        Mar 9, Germany reported its first two deaths due to the coronavirus. The number of cases in Germany more than doubled to over 1,100 in the last few days, putting pressure on the government to act.
    (Bloomberg, 3/9/20)

2020        Mar 10, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met Libyan military commander Khalifa Hifter in Berlin in a bid to advance efforts to secure a lasting cease-fire in Libya.
    (AP, 3/10/20)

2020        Mar 11, Germany reported 1,622 confirmed cases of coronavirus, making it the seventh-highest national total in the global outbreak. Chancellor Angela Merkel warned that up to 70 percent of the country's population, roughly 58 million people, could contract the virus.
    (Good Morning America, 3/11/20)

2020        Mar 12, Germany's domestic intelligence agency formally classified a radical faction within the Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, know as "The Wing," as a right-wing extremist movement.
    (SFC, 3/13/20, p.A3)

2020        Mar 13, Germany recorded 3,062 confirmed cases of the coronavirus, with five deaths. The German government unleashed the biggest economic aid package in the country's post-war history, offering companies "unlimited" credit to keep them afloat during the coronavirus crisis.
    (Reuters, 3/14/20)(AFP, 3/13/20)
2020        Mar 13, Finland, France, Germany, Luxembourg and Portugal agreed to take in at least 1,600 migrant children in Greece traveling without their parents.
    (SSFC, 3/15/20, p.A3)

2020        Mar 15, Germany's Health Ministry confirmed a report in newspaper Welt am Sonntag, which said President Donald Trump had offered funds to lure the company CureVac to the United States, and the German government was making counter-offers to tempt it to stay.
    (Reuters, 3/15/20)

2020        Mar 16, Germany's federal and state governments agreed sweeping rules shutting everything from non-essential shops to bars, clubs, theatres, museums, brothels and churches in order to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 3/16/20)

2020        Mar 18, Mitterteich, Bavaria, became the first German town to impose a curfew to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The curfew will last until April 2. Citizens there were still allowed to buy groceries, go to work and visit the doctor.
    (Reuters, 3/18/20)

2020        Mar 19, Authorities in Germany conducted raids in 10 states at premises linked to a group accused of pursuing a mix of anti-government and racist ideology. around 400 police officers had seized firearms, propaganda material and small amounts of drugs during the raids on the homes of 21 leading members of the United German Peoples and Tribes group.
    (AP, 3/19/20)
2020        Mar 19, Germany said it has lifted export bans on medical equipment which were issued earlier this month to avoid shortages of masks, goggles and gloves in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.
    (Reuters, 3/19/20)

2020        Mar 22, Germany received the green light from EU regulators for subsidized loans to companies hit by the coronavirus pandemic. Germany tightened curbs on social interaction, including a ban on public meetings of more than two people for at least the next two weeks, to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
    (Bloomberg, 3/22/20)(Reuters, 3/22/20)
2020        Mar 22, The South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA) said around 1,240 German passengers stranded in Cape Town after their MV AidAmira cruise ship was quarantined for almost a week due to a coronavirus scare had either begun their journey home or would do so in the next day.
    (Reuters, 3/22/20)

2020        Mar 23, Germany barred public gatherings of more than two people, except for families, and Chancellor Angela Merkel said she was going into isolation because her doctor had tested positive for the virus. Germany signed off on taking on billions in new debt as part of an unprecedented package totaling more than 750 billion euros ($800 billion) to cushion the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.
    (NY Times, 3/23/20)(Bloomberg, 3/23/20)

2020        Mar 24, In Germany Bjoern Hoecke and Andreas Kalbitz, the leading figures of the radical Wing faction of the far-right Alternative for Germany party, agreed to disband. The head of the domestic intelligence agency in Thuringia called the agreement a smoke screen.
    (SFC, 3/26/20, p.A2)
2020        Mar 24, German hospitals with spare capacity welcomed their first coronavirus patients from Italy. Germany had 27,000 confirmed coronavirus cases but only 114 deaths.
    (Reuters, 3/24/20)

2020        Mar 25, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government secured emergency spending, unlocking a historic rescue package designed to cushion the blow of the coronavirus pandemic. The Bundesrat, or upper house of parliament, will vote on March 27.
    (Bloomberg, 3/25/20)
2020        Mar 25, In Germany some 32,705 patients have been confirmed with the coronavirus, up from 28,942 a day earlier. So far 154 have died, compared with 118 a day earlier.
    (Bloomberg, 3/25/20)

2020        Mar 26, Germany has reported coronavirus infections in more than 39,000 people, but just 222 deaths. The country now has the ability to test 500,000 people a week, perhaps the greatest capacity in the world.
    (AP, 3/26/20)
2020        Mar 26, A German court convicted Tunisian man Sief Allah H. (31) of planning to carry out a ricin attack in the name of the Islamic State.
    (SFC, 3/27/20, p.A2)

2020        Mar 27, In Germany cases of coronavirus rose to 43,039 from 37,179, while the death toll jumped to 262 deaths from 203.
    (Bloomberg, 3/27/20)

2020        Mar 28, In Germany the number of confirmed coronavirus cases rose to 48,582 and 325 people have died of the disease.
    (Reuters, 3/28/20)

2020        Apr 1, Germany's confirmed cases of coronavirus passed 71,000. The death toll was 775. The country was now capable of conducting up to 500,000 tests a week.
    (AP, 4/1/20)

2020        Apr 2, Deaths from coronavirus in Germany climbed to 1,074, a day after the government extended a nationwide lockdown beyond Easter.
    (Bloomberg, 4/2/20)

2020        Apr 4, Deaths in Germany due to the coronavirus rose by 168 to 1,275. Some 91,159 people were infected and 6,365 more than a day earlier.
    (Bloomberg, 4/4/20)

2020        Apr 5, Germany's confirmed coronavirus infections rose by 5,936 in the past 24 hours to 91,714, the third straight drop in the daily rate of new cases.
    (Reuters, 4/5/20)

2020        Apr 6, Germany reported lower numbers of new coronavirus cases. Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government announced a new “limitless" aid program for small- and medium-sized companies.
    (Bloomberg, 4/6/20)

2020        Apr 7, In Germany a man (29) in Celle fatally stabbed a teenage refugee (15) from Iraq. The man later claimed to have been under the influence of drugs.
    (SFC, 4/27/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 8, It was reported that the German foreign ministry has restricted use of the video conferencing service Zoom, saying in an internal memo to employees that security and data protection weaknesses made it too risky to use.
    (Reuters, 4/8/20)

2020        Apr 9, New coronavirus cases in Germany climbed the most in five days.
    (Bloomberg, 4/9/20)

2020        Apr 11, Germany's number of confirmed infections rose by 4,133 to 117,658. The reported death toll rose by 171 to 2,544.
    (Reuters, 4/11/20)

2020        Apr 12, Germany's number of confirmed coronavirus infections rose by 2,821 to 120,479. The reported death toll rose by 129 to 2,673.
    (Reuters, 4/12/20)

2020        Apr 14, Germany's public health chief said number of people infected with coronavirus in Germany has "stabilized." 125,098 people in the country had tested positive for the virus. New coronavirus cases in Germany fell for a sixth day. There were 2,138 new infections, the lowest increase this month, bringing the total to 132,210. Germany was set to agree on an extension of nationwide lockdown measures until at least May 3.
    (AFP, 4/14/20)(Bloomberg, 4/15/20)

2020        Apr 15, German authorities announced that police in the country had arrested four suspected Islamic State members, all from Tajikistan, for allegedly plotting to attack US military bases.
    (SFC, 4/16/20, p.A2)
2020        Apr 15, Germany’s new coronavirus cases climbed for the first time in a week. There were 2,543 new infections, taking the total to 134,753. The number of fatalities rose by 309 to 3,804. Chancellor Angela Merkel announced tentative steps to begin returning the country to normal.
    (Bloomberg, 4/15/20)

2020        Apr 17, Germany’s coronavirus cases increased at a faster rate for a second day. The number of fatalities rose by 248, the smallest gain in three days, to more than 4,000.
    (Bloomberg, 4/17/20)

2020        Apr 18, Germany reported 3,699 new coronavirus infections over the last 24 hours, increasing at a quicker rate for a third day and taking the total to 141,397. The number of fatalities rose by 300 to 4,352.
    (Bloomberg, 4/18/20)
2020        Apr 18, A German-operated cruise ship left Western Australia after three weeks. Three people died on board of the virus during that time. About 79 crew and passengers aboard the Artania had tested positive.
    (Bloomberg, 4/18/20)

2020        Apr 19, In Germany there were 2,327 new coronavirus infections in the 24 hours, taking the total to 143,724. fatalities rose by 186, the fewest in five days, to 4,538.
    (Bloomberg, 4/19/20)

2020        Apr 20, Students in Germany went back to class to take their final exams as schools that had been shut last month to stem the spread of the coronavirus epidemic began to reopen.
    (Reuters, 4/20/20)

2020        Apr 21, Deutsche Bank in a letter declined a request by prominent US senators to provide information about the German lender's recent business dealings with President Donald Trump and his family. Deutsche's counsel rejected the senators' request on privacy grounds.
    (Reuters, 4/25/20)
2020        Apr 21, Florian Schneider (b.1947), co-founder of the German electronic music group Kraftwork, died in Dusseldorf. The avant-garde music group emerged from Dusseldorf in 1970.
    (Econ., 5/16/20, p.43)

2020        Apr 22, In Germany there were 1,388 new cases in the 24 hours through this morning, bringing the total to 148,453. Fatalities rose by 224, the most in four days, to 5,086.
    (Bloomberg, 4/22/20)
2020        Apr 22, BioNTech SE and Pfizer Inc. (PFE) announced that the German regulatory authority, the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, has approved the Phase 1/2 clinical trial for BioNTech’s BNT162 vaccine program to prevent COVID-19 infection.
    (https://tinyurl.com/yclugzvt)(Reuters, 4/22/20)

2020        Apr 23, Germany’s ruling coalition agreed on a 10 billion-euro ($10.8 billion) package of further measures to dampen the economic impact of the coronavirus crisis.
    (Bloomberg, 4/23/20)

2020        Apr 24, Germany’s new coronavirus cases and deaths rose the most in nearly a week. There were 2,481 new infections in the 24 hours through this morning, bringing the total to 153,129. Fatalities rose to 5,575.
    (Bloomberg, 4/24/20)

2020        Apr 25, In Germany deaths due to the coronavirus dropped to the lowest in five days. Deaths in Germany rose by 148 to 5,723 in the last 24 hours.
    (Bloomberg, 4/25/20)

2020        Apr 26, In Germany there were 1,968 new coronavirus cases, bringing the total to 156,513, the fourth-highest in Europe.
    (Bloomberg, 4/26/20)

2020        Apr 27, In Germany a total of 157,770 people have been infected with the coronavirus, an increase of 1,257 in the 24 hours through this morning. Deaths rose by 99 to 5,976.
    (Bloomberg, 4/27/20)

2020        Apr 29, Austria and Switzerland pledged to help Lufthansa with state-backed loans as the German airline pursues talks with Berlin over a 9 billion euro ($9.8 billion) rescue package.
    (Reuters, 4/29/20)

2020        Apr 30, Germany said it has banned Iran-backed Hezbollah on its soil and designated it a terrorist organization. Security officials believed that up to 1,050 people in Germany are part of Hezbollah's extremist wing. Police have raided five sites linked to the Lebanese militant group.
    (Reuters, 4/30/20)(SFC, 5/1/20, p.A2)
2020        Apr 30, Pfizer said it aims to make 10-20 million doses of a coronavirus vaccine it is developing with Germany's BioNtech by the end of 2020 for emergency use depending on trial results.
    (AP, 4/30/20)

2020        May 4, Chancellor Angela Merkel said that Germany would contribute 525 million euros ($573.51 million) to a global fund-raising push to search for vaccines and for a treatment for the novel coronavirus. World leaders in a video conference launched a pledging "marathon" - without the United States - to raise at least $8.2 billion for research into a possible vaccine and treatments for the coronavirus, but warned that it is just the start of an effort that must be sustained over time to beat the disease.
    (AP, 5/4/20)(Reuters, 5/4/20)

2020        May 6, The German government and the 16 federal states agreed at a meeting to extend until June 5 social distancing measures designed to help fight the spread of the novel coronavirus. Germany's confirmed coronavirus cases increased by 947 to 164,807.
    (Reuters, 5/6/20)

2020        May 8, In Germany local governments activated emergency measures in three districts that have seen flare-ups of the coronavirus. All the spikes were associated with local meatpacking centers in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein.
    (Business Insider, 5/17/20)

2020        May 10, It was reported that new coronavirus infections are accelerating again in Germany just days after its leaders loosened social restrictions, raising concerns that the pandemic could once again slip out of control. The number of confirmed coronavirus cases increased by 667 to 169,218. The reported death toll rose by 13 to 7,395.
    (Reuters, 5/10/20)

2020        May 13, Germany prosecutors said they have charged an Indian man (Balvir S.) with spying on the Sikh community and Kashmir activists for his country's intelligence service for more than two years.
    (SFC, 5/14/20, p.A2)

2020        May 14, Germany's unlisted CureVac said its experimental coronavirus vaccine was shown to trigger an immune response in animals when given a low dose and the biotech firm was looking at carrying out its first human trials in June.
    (Reuters, 5/14/20)

2020        May 15, In Germany draft government proposal said Germany will order meatpacking plants to stop using subcontractors and to improve hygiene standards in the workplace and accommodations, after more than 600 cases of coronavirus among workers in the industry.
    (Reuters, 5/15/20)

2020        May 16, Thousands of Germans across the country took to the streets to protest against restrictions imposed by the government to contain the coronavirus pandemic. The number of confirmed coronavirus cases increased by 583 to 174,355. The reported death toll rose by 33 to 7,914.
    (Reuters, 5/16/20)

2020        May 18, The leaders of France and Germany unveiled a post-covid EU recovery plan.
    (Econ., 5/23/20, p.40)

2020        May 25, Germany-based Bayer said it had made progress seeking a settlement over claims its glyphosate-based Roundup weedkiller causes cancer, after Bloomberg reported the company reached a verbal agreement on about 50,000 to 85,000 cases.
    (Reuters, 5/25/20)
2020        May 25, Germany-based Siemens Healthineers said it stands ready to ramp up production of its antibody test to more than 50 million per month from June as governments across the world are keen to identify those who may have developed immunity to the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 5/26/20)

2020        May 26, Germany extended social distancing rules aimed at containing the spread of the coronavirus to June 29. Germany's virus caseload now tops 179,000 with just over 8,300 deaths.
    (AFP, 5/27/20)

2020        May 29, A Berlin official said a hostel on the grounds of the North Korean embassy has been closed. It was accused of helping finance the East Asian country in violation of international sanctions.
    (AP, 5/29/20)
2020        May 29, A German court convicted Cheryl von U. (61), an American-born dentist, of strangling her British husband (69) in Nov. 2018. The body of Peter von U. was found in a Czech wood with its teeth removed to hinder identification.
    (AP, 5/29/20)

2020        Jun 3, Germany's ruling coalition agreed to a new, 130 billion stimulus plan to help the economy recover from a pandemic-induced recession this year.
    (Reuters, 6/4/20)

2020        Jun 5, The Wall Street Journal reported that President Donald Trump has ordered the Pentagon to reduce the number of US troops in Germany by 9,500. Currently there are 34,500 American service members permanently assigned in Germany as part of a long-standing arrangement with America's NATO ally.
    (AP, 6/6/20)

2020        Jun 6, In Germany 93 people were detained in Berlin in connection with a Black Lives Matter demonstration, most of them after the main rally of 15,000 had ended. At least 15,000 people demonstrated in Berlin and 25,000 protested in Munich. There were protests in other German cities as part of the global demonstrations against racism and police brutality that have followed the May 25 death of American George Floyd.
    (AP, 6/7/20)

2020        Jun 10, Germany said that it will from next week relax entry restrictions for seasonal workers introduced to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 6/10/20)

2020        Jun 14, In Germany thousands of people formed a human chain through Berlin in a message against racism, discrimination and social inequality among other causes.
    (AP, 6/14/20)

2020        Jun 15, Spain put its tourism industry to the test by allowing thousands of Germans to fly to its Balearic Islands without a 14-day quarantine.
    (AP, 6/15/20)
2020        Jun 15, Pres. Donald Trump said he is cutting the number of American troops in Germany by half because Berlin is "delinquent" in its contributions to NATO and treats the US "badly" on trade.
    (The Telegraph, 6/15/20)

2020        Jun 18, The auditor of Wirecard, a German payments company, said it could not find $2.1 billion, nearly a quarter of the firm's balance sheet, that was meant to be held in escrow accounts  in the Philippines.
    (Econ., 6/27/20, p.60)

2020        Jun 19, A prominent regional leader of the far-right Alternative for Germany won a court injunction against his expulsion from the party. The national leadership of Alternative for Germany, or AfD, last month voted to void the membership of Andreas Kalbitz, its chief in the eastern state of Brandenburg, for failing to disclose his ties to extremist groups. Kalbitz can continue to exercise his rights as a party member and a member of its national leadership until an AfD arbitration committee rules on the matter.
    (AP, 6/19/20)
2020        Jun 19, Wirecard CEO Markus Brown, head of the German payments company, quit the firm. He was soon arrested on suspicion of false accounting and market manipulation.
    (Econ., 6/27/20, p.9)   

2020        Jun 20, Germany reported that some 800 workers at one of the country’s largest slaughterhouses were confirmed positive for the coronavirus. Authorities reported 601 new cases over the last 24 hours, following on from 770 the previous day. Earlier in June the number of new cases was as low as 300. The R number, which estimates how many people the average carrier infects, rose to 1.7.
    (AP, 6/20/20)

2020        Jun 22, Wirecard acknowledged that €1.9 billion ($2.1 billion) in cash included in financial statements, roughly a quarter of its assets, probably never existed in the first place. The company withdrew its preliminary results for 2019, the first quarter of 2020 and its profit forecast for 2020. A day later prosecutors announced that Wirecard CEO Markus Brown has been arrested.

2020        Jun 23, Germany banned a neo-Nazi group and ordered police raids against its members. Nordadler, or Northern Eagles, is the third far-Right organization to be banned this year under a crackdown by Horst Seehofer, the interior minister.
    (The Telegraph, 6/23/20)
2020        Jun 23, In Germany Guetersloh becoming the first area in the country to be ordered back into lockdown. More than 1,500 workers at the Guetersloh meatpacking plant have tested positive for the virus that causes COVID-19. Meat-processing plants around the world have proven to be coronavirus infection hotspots.
    (AP, 6/23/20)

 2020        Jun 25, Wirecard, a German payments company, filed for insolvency, shortly after the arrest of its former CEO Markus Brown on suspicion of market manipulation and false accounting practices. The firm claimed that more than $2 billion had disappeared from its balance sheet and falsely claimed that the missing cash was in the Philippines.
    (Business Insider, 6/27/20)(Econ., 6/27/20, p.9)

2020        Jun 29, The Philippines' anti-money laundering agency said it would conduct a "swift and thorough" investigation into scandal-hit German payments firm Wirecard AG and that it has drawn up an initial list of people and entities of interest.
    (Reuters, 6/29/20)

2020        Jun 30, The state of Bavaria approved plans for universal testing for COVID-19, prompting debate elsewhere in Germany about whether to follow suit or stick with the current targeted approach to prevent a possible second wave of infections.
    (Reuters, 6/30/20)

2020        Jul 1, Germany took the helm of the EU's rotating presidency. Chancellor Angela Merkel warned that the European Union must prepare for the possibility that talks with Britain on their post-Brexit relationship could fail.
    (AFP, 7/1/20)
2020        Jul 1, German biotech firm BioNTech and US pharmaceutical giant Pfizer said a jointly developed COVID-19 vaccine has shown potential and was found to be well tolerated in early-stage human trials.
    (AP, 7/1/20)

2020        Jul 3, German scientists began a nationwide study to gain a better overview of the actual prevalence of the new coronavirus in the country's population and test how well measures to prevent its spread are working.
    (Reuters, 7/3/20)

2020        Jul 7, German prosecutors in the town of Zwickau seized servers that hosted thousands of sensitive police documents published as part of the BlueLeaks data dump. The publisher was not given an explanation. Prosecutors behind the seizure were acting at the request of the US government. The takedown came after DDoSecrets, the publisher that hosted the BlueLeaks files after they were obtained by an anonymous hacker, was permanently banned from Twitter.
    (AFP, 7/9/20)
2020        Jul 7, The New York Department of Financial Services said Deutsche Bank has agreed to pay $150 million in penalties over its relationship with Jeffrey Epstein as part of a consent order with regulators in New York.
    (Good Morning America, 7/7/20)

2020        Jul 21, German biotech company CureVac said Qatar Investment Authority (QIA) has taken an undisclosed stake in the firm as part of a $126 million financing round, the latest high-profile investor to come onboard ahead of a potential stock market listing.
    (Reuters, 7/21/20)

2020        Jul 23, A German court found Bruno Day (93), a former Nazi SS camp guard, guilty of 5,232 counts of accessory to murder and one case of accessory to attempted murder — equal to the number of people believed to have been killed at Stutthof concentration camp during his service there. Dey was 17, and later 18, at the time of his alleged crimes which were consequently heard in juvenile court in Hamburg. He was given a two-year juvenile sentence, which has been suspended.
    (NBC News, 7/23/20)
2020        Jul 23, In Germany 11 men were convicted of rape at the end of a year-long trial over a gang assault on an 18-year-old woman in October 2018. The case, in which most of the defendants were Syrian, added to tensions in Germany over migration.
    (AP, 7/23/20)

2020        Jul 24, The German cruise ship “Mein Schiff 2" set sail in the North Sea for the first time since the industry was shut down months ago, using strict precautions to keep passengers and crew as safe as possible. The ship sailed off with 1,200 passengers on board compared to its normal 2,900 capacity.
    (AP, 7/25/20)
2020        Jul 24, German authorities arrested a German woman (Nurten J.), who allegedly joined the Islamic State group in Syria, upon her return to the country. She is accused of membership in a foreign terrorist group, war crimes against property and other crimes. The fate of her children was not known.
    (AP, 7/27/20)

2020        Jul 28, In Germany the number of daily new coronavirus cases almost doubled to 633. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) linked the increase to increased social contact at parties and in the workplace and urged people not to flout social distancing rules.
    (Reuters, 7/28/20)

2020        Jul 29, Berlin's Tegel airport began large scale coronavirus testing, as airports across Germany prepared for the advent of free, compulsory testing for many passengers from next week.
    (Reuters, 7/29/20)
2020        Jul 29, Spurred on by President Donald Trump's demand to pull troops out of Germany, defense leaders said the US will bring about 6,400 forces home and shift about 5,600 to other countries in Europe. The Pentagon plan will cost billions of dollars and take years to complete. About 24,000 US troops will remain in Germany.
    (AP, 7/29/20)(SFC, 8/1/20, p.A2)

2020        Aug 1, In Germany an estimated 17 thousand protested coronavirus restrictions in a Berlin demonstration that insisted “the end of the pandemic" has arrived — a declaration that comes just as authorities are voicing increasing concerns about an uptick in new infections. The country’s death toll was just over 9,150 people out of more than 210,670 confirmed virus cases.
    (AP, 8/1/20)
2020        Aug 1, Police in Erfurt said three Guineans were assaulted by a group of 10 to 12 Germans shortly after 3 a.m. near a meeting point for the far-right scene in a housing estate. Twelve suspected perpetrators were detained.
    (AP, 8/1/20)

2020        Aug 6, Germany's health minister announced that Germany will require people arriving from countries deemed high risk, such as the United States, to take coronavirus tests starting this weekend, as the country recorded its highest daily tally of new infections in three months.
    (AP, 8/6/20)

2020        Aug 11, German biotech firm BioNTech, which is working with US pharma giant Pfizer on a novel vaccine, reiterated it aimed to file for emergency authorization or approval as early as October, if ongoing trials succeed.
    (Reuters, 8/12/20)

2020        Aug 12, Germany's leading infectious disease institute said a first vaccine against the coronavirus could be available as early as autumn but warned that it may take longer to control the pandemic.
    (Reuters, 8/12/20)
2020        Aug 12, Germany recorded the biggest daily increase in new coronavirus cases in more than three months, with the health minister warning of outbreaks in nearly all parts of the country due to holiday returnees and party-goers. The number of confirmed coronavirus cases rose by 1,226 to 218,519. Deaths remained relatively low, edging up by six to a total of 9,207.
    (Reuters, 8/12/20)

2020        Aug 13, German biotech firm CureVac BV raised $213.3 million in its initial public offering in New York, setting the stage for the first stock market debut of a company developing a potential vaccine to combat the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 8/13/20)

2020        Aug 15, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo sealed a defense cooperation deal with Polish officials that will pave the way to redeploy American troops from Germany to Poland.
    (AP, 8/15/20)

2020        Aug 18, Chancellor Angela Merkel warned there could be no further relaxation of coronavirus restrictions while the country grapples with a surge in new infections. Germany has recorded a total of 225,404 coronavirus cases and 9,236 fatalities.
    (AFP, 8/18/20)
2020        Aug 18, German authorities arrested a Syrian national (Khaled A.) on suspicion he was a member of two militant groups that fought against the government of President Bashar Assad during the early stages of the conflict in Syria.
    (AP, 8/18/20)
2020        Aug 18, In Germany Sarmad D., an Iraqi man (30), drove his car into motorcycles along a stretch of Berlin highway. Six people were injured, three of them severely in what officials soon called a terror attack.
    (AP, 8/19/20)

2020        Aug 19, Germany's public health institute reported that there were 1,510 new cases in the past 24 hours, making the national total 226,914.
    (Good Morning America, 8/20/20)

2020        Aug 22, Russia’s most prominent Kremlin critic, Alexei Navalny, was in a critical condition and undergoing full tests at a German hospital after an emergency medical flight from Russia with suspected poisoning.
    (Washington Post, 8/22/20)
2020        Aug 22, Germany reported 2,034 new cases of the coronavirus, the first time the daily national increase has topped 2,000 since the end of April.
    (SSFC, 8/23/20, p.A10)

2020        Aug 24, In Germany the Charite hospital said a medical examination of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny has found indications of poisoning. The clinical findings indicated poisoning by a substance from the group of active substances called cholinesterase inhibitors.
    (Reuters, 8/24/20)

2020        Aug 27, Chancellor Angela Merkel said most of Germany will impose a minimum fine of 50 euros ($59) for breaching mask-wearing rules as coronavirus infections rise again.
    (AP, 8/27/20)

2020        Aug 29, Berlin police broke up a mass protest against coronavirus curbs and arrested 300 after demonstrators failed to keep their distance and wear masks as instructed.
    (Reuters, 8/30/20)

2020        Sep 1, A thousand police officers in Germany raided the homes of 50 people as part of a nationwide crackdown on the online sharing and distribution of child pornography. Investigators seized around 2,000 phones, computers and other devices upon which images were stored.
    (AP, 9/2/20)
2020        Sep 1, Britain, China, France, Germany, and Russia, dubbed the "4+1," defeated US efforts to restore international sanctions on Iran.
    (AFP, 9/2/20)

2020        Sep 2, The German government said Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny was poisoned with the same type of Soviet-era nerve agent that British authorities identified in a 2018 attack on a former Russian spy.
    (AP, 9/2/20)

2020        Sep 3, In western Germany five children were found dead in an apartment in Solingen, with local media reporting they were murdered by their mother who later tried to kill herself.
    (The Telegraph, 9/3/20)

2020        Sep 4, German biotech firm Curevac said it had won nearly $300 million in government funding to speed up work on its prototype COVID-19 vaccine and build capacity to produce it at scale. Curevac's technology uses mRNA as a data carrier to instruct the human body to produce proteins that can fight against diseases.
    (Reuters, 9/4/20)

2020        Sep 7, Berlin's Charite hospital said Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny has been removed from a medically induced coma and is responding to speech.
    (Reuters, 9/7/20)

2020        Sep 10, The east German state of Brandenburg, where a case of African swine fever (ASF) was confirmed in a wild boar, said it will impose a 15-km quarantine zone around the area where the case was discovered. The German farmers' association DBV called for a corridor free of wild boar to be created along Germany's border with Poland.
    (Reuters, 9/10/20)

2020        Sep 11, Japan suspended imports of pork and live pigs from Germany after a case of African swine fever (ASF) was confirmed in a wild boar in eastern Germany.
    (Reuters, 9/13/20)

2020        Sep 14, It was reported that German carmaker Daimler AG will pay $2.2 billion to resolve a US government diesel emissions cheating investigation and claims from 250,000 US vehicle owners.
    (Reuters, 9/14/20)

2020        Sep 15, Germany agreed to take in 1,553 people from 408 families now living in Greece. Germany had already agreed to take in around 1,200 other asylumn seekers housed in Greece.
    (SFC, 9/16/20, p.A2)
2020        Sep 15, Germany's Defense Ministry said that the government has chosen arms manufacturer Haenel, which is owned by a company in Abu Dhabi, to make assault rifles for the military, sidelining long-time supplier Heckler & Koch. The contract still requires approval by Parliament.
    (AP, 9/15/20)
2020        Sep 15, Germany awarded $745 million in funding to biotech firms BioNTech and CureVac to speed up work on COVID-19 vaccines and expand German production capacity.
    (Reuters, 9/15/20)
2020        Sep 15, Authorities in southern Germany said they have recorded three more cases of COVID-19 in people who frequented bars visited by a 26-year-old American woman suspected of flouting quarantine rules in the Alpine resort town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. The latest cases take the total number of recent infections there to 59, including 25 staff at a hotel resort that caters to US military personnel and at which the woman worked.
    (AP, 9/15/20)
2020        Sep 15, Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny shared a photograph from a Berlin hospital, sitting up in bed and surrounded by his family, and said he could now breathe independently following his suspected poisoning last month.
    (Reuters, 9/15/20)

2020        Sep 16, A top German security official said authorities in western Germany have suspended 29 police officers suspected of sharing far-right propaganda in WhatsApp groups, at least two of which were active for several years.
    (AP, 9/16/20)

2020        Sep 17, Germany’s federal agriculture ministry said one more case of African swine fever (ASF) has been confirmed in a wild boar in the eastern German state of Brandenburg.
    (Reuters, 9/17/20)
2020        Sep 17, It was reported that BioNTech is buying a production site in Germany for the COVID-19 vaccine it is developing with Pfizer, aiming to boost output by several hundred million doses next year, and hopes to have the shot ready to file for approval in October.
    (Reuters, 9/17/20)

2020        Sep 18, Germany's federal agriculture ministry confirmed another six cases of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boars in the eastern state of Brandenburg.
    (Reuters, 9/18/20)

2020        Sep 20, In Germany thousands of people marched in Berlin demanding that the government do more to help migrants stuck in Greece, many of whom have been made homeless since fires ravaged the country's largest refugee camp.
    (AP, 9/20/20)
2020        Sep 20, The German humanitarian group Sea-Watch condemned as politically motivated the blockade of its ship in the Sicilian port of Palermo by Italian authorities after an 11-hour inspection. This was the fifth rescue ship blocked by Italian authorities in as many months.
    (AP, 9/20/20)

2020        Sep 23, In Germany Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny was discharged from a hospital after more than a month of treatment for poisoning with a Soviet-era nerve agent.
    (CBS News, 9/23/20)

2020        Sep 24, Europe's top court (ECJ) issued a ruling that should ensure Germany can keep in prison Christian Brueckner, a new suspect in the disappearance of Madeleine McCann, the British toddler who vanished from a Portuguese resort 13 years ago.
    (AP, 9/24/20)

2020        Sep 25, The eastern German state of Brandenburg confirmed another two cases of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boars. The new discoveries bring total confirmed cases to 34 since the first one on Sept. 10, all in wild animals, with no farm pigs affected.
    (Reuters, 9/25/20)

2020        Sep 26, In western Germany hundreds of anti-coal activists staged protests against the continued extraction and use of fossil fuels at the Garzweiler strip mine, west of Cologne.
    (SSFC, 9/27/20, p.A6)

2020        Sep 28, Germany confirmed one more case of African swine fever (ASF) in a wild boar in the eastern state of Brandenburg. There have been 36 confirmed cases since the first one on Sept. 10.
    (Reuters, 9/28/20)

2020        Sep, In China the new BMW ix3 electric car rolled off the production line in Shenyang, where it is wholly developed by BMW and its Chinese state-run partner, Brilliance Auto.
    (Econ., 1/9/21, p.54)

2020        Oct 1, In Germany two more cases of African swine fever (ASF) have been confirmed in wild boars in the eastern state of Brandenburg. The new discoveries bring the total number of confirmed cases to 40 since the first one on Sept. 10.
    (Reuters, 10/1/20)
2020        Oct 1, Britain, France, Germany, Estonia and Belgium wrote in a letter to the United Nations Security Council that the poisoning of Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny "constitutes a threat to international peace and security."
    (Reuters, 10/1/20)

2020        Oct 2, It was reported that unlisted biotech firm IDT Biologika has won approval from Germany's vaccine regulator to become the third German company after BioNTech and CureVac to launch human trials of an experimental coronavirus vaccine in the country.
    (AP, 10/2/20)

2020        Oct 3, Thousands of demonstrators in southern Germany protested against coronavirus restrictions, although organizers failed to mobilize enough people for a planned human chain around Lake Constance.
    (Reuters, 10/4/20)

2020        Oct 4, The two visitors from western Germany were attacked and wounded in downtown Dresden. One of them died later at a hospital. On Oct. 20 a young Syrian (20) was arrested over the attack.
    (AP, 10/21/20)

2020        Oct 5, Germany's federal agriculture ministry confirmed three more cases of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boars in the eastern state of Brandenburg.
    (Reuters, 10/5/20)

2020        Oct 6, Germany's government released a report saying its security services recorded mote than 1,400 cases of suspected far-right extremism among soldiers, police officers and intelligence agents in the three years ending in March.
    (SFC, 10/7/20, p.A2)
2020        Oct 6, Berlin officials issued a nightly business curfew to clamp down on rising coronavirus infections starting this weekend.
    (Econ., 9/5/20, p.A8)

2020        Oct 7, Germany's coalition government agreed a package of reforms to financial and accounting rules aimed at avoiding another Wirecard scandal, but opposition lawmakers said it lacked detail on scope and timing.
    (AP, 10/7/20)

2020        Oct 8, Germany reported three more cases of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boar the eastern state of Brandenburg. The new discoveries bring the total number of confirmed cases to 53 since the first one on Sept. 10.
    (Reuters, 10/8/20)

2020        Oct 8, Germany reported 4,058 new coronavirus infection and 16 deaths over the last 24 hours. Total confirmed cases rose to 310,1544 with 9,578 deaths.
    (SFC, 10/9/20, p.A8)

2020        Oct 9, German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced that the federal government will offer German cities the help of soldiers and public health experts to battle a sharp rise in coronavirus cases.
    (AP, 10/9/20)
2020        Oct 9, It was reported that Angela Merkel’s government has warned Thailand's King Maha Vajiralongkorn not to try to rule his country remotely from Germany.
    (The Telegraph, 10/9/20)
2020        Oct 9, In Germany police in heavy riot gear began clearing out a notorious Berlin leftist Liebig 34 squat in the capital's Friedrichshain neighborhood, encountering only passive resistance from residents as they carried them individually down a firetruck ladder.
    (AP, 10/9/20)

2020        Oct 12, The RV Polarstern icebreaker, carrying scientists on a year-long international effort to study the high Arctic, returned to its home port in Germany carrying a wealth of data that will help researchers better predict climate change in the decades to come.
    (AP, 10/12/20)

2020        Oct 14, It was reported that Germany has agreed to provide more than a half billion euros to aid Holocaust survivors struggling under the burdens of the coronavirus pandemic. The payments will be going to approximately 240,000 survivors around the world over the next two years.
    (AP, 10/14/20)
2020        Oct 14, Germany confirmed four more cases of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boar in the eastern state of Brandenburg. The new discoveries bring the total number of confirmed cases to 69 since the first on Sept. 10.
    (AP, 10/14/20)

2020        Oct 16, Germany said one more case of African swine fever (ASF) has been found in the wild boar population in Brandenburg. That brings the number of confirmed cases to 70 since the first on Sept. 10.
    (Reuters, 10/16/20)

2020        Oct 17, Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Germans to come together like they did in the spring to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The country's disease control center, the Robert Koch Institute, reported 7,830 cases overnight, a new record.
    (AP, 10/17/20)

2020        Oct 19, German biotech company Evotec said it had received a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help identify and develop potential monoclonal antibody drugs for the prevention of severe COVID-19.
    (Reuters, 10/19/20)

2020        Oct 20, Germany’s federal agriculture ministry said one more case of African swine fever (ASF) has been confirmed in a wild boar in the eastern region of Brandenburg. This brings the total number of confirmed cases to 71 since the first one on Sept. 10.
    (AP, 10/20/20)
2020        Oct 20, Berlin's municipal government made it compulsory to wear masks at markets, in queues and on 10 busy shopping streets, but stopped short of imposing another lockdown to curb a new wave of coronavirus infections in the German capital.
    (Reuters, 10/20/20)
2020        Oct 20, Denmark in partnership with Germany, the European Union and the UN hosted a conference on the Sahel in a bid to instill a more acute sense of urgency. International donors agreed to give $1.7 billion in humanitarian aid to the central Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger), after the United Nations said the northern African region plagued by violence and climate change was at "breaking point".
    (AFP, 10/20/20)

2020        Oct 21, Germany’s agriculture ministry said nine more cases of African swine fever (ASF) have been confirmed in wild boars in the eastern region of Brandenburg.
    (Reuters, 10/21/20)

2020        Oct 22, In Germany the number of confirmed coronavirus cases rose by more than 10,000 in a single day for the first time. The reported death toll rose by 30 to 9,905.
    (Reuters, 10/22/20)

2020        Oct 23, Germany’s federal agriculture ministry said five more cases of African swine fever have been confirmed in wild boars in the eastern region of Brandenburg. The new discoveries bring the total number of confirmed cases to 91 since the first one on Sept. 10.
    (Reuters, 10/23/20)
2020        Oct 23, German biotech company CureVac said its potential vaccine against the coronavirus triggered an immune response in pre-clinical animal studies. CureVac is using the so-called messenger RNA approach, the same as rivals BioNTech and its partner Pfizer as well as Moderna, which have started testing on humans.
    (Reuters, 10/23/20)

2020        Oct 26, In Germany, the rising coronavirus numbers prompted Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party to delay for the second time a decision on who will become its new leader.
    (AP, 10/26/20)
2020        Oct 26, Thailand's Parliament began a special two-day session to address political tensions resulting from the near-daily pro-democracy protests demanding the prime minister’s resignation, constitutional changes and reforms to the monarchy. Pro-democracy demonstrators in Thailand expanded their protests internationally, marching to the German Embassy to appeal to Angela Merkel’s government to investigate whether Thailand’s king has exercised political power during his extended stays in Bavaria.
    (AP, 10/26/20)

2020        Oct 28, With coronavirus infections on the rise, German officials announced new restrictions and a partial lockdown for the month of November to try and bring COVID-19's spread back under control. Germany reported a new daily record of almost 15,000 new coronavirus infections. Cases rose by 14,964 to 464,239 in the last 24 hours. The number of infections was currently doubling in seven days.
    (Reuters, 10/28/20)(CBS News, 10/29/20)

2020        Oct 31, In Germany a first case of African swine fever (ASF) was reported found in a wild boar in the eastern region of Saxony. This brought the total number of confirmed cases to 117 since the first one on Sept. 10.
    (AP, 10/31/20)
2020        Oct 31, In Germany the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport Willy Brandt opened, nine years late and far above its original budget. Ground was broken for BER in 2006.
    (SSFC, 11/1/20, p.A6)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.45)

2020        Nov 2, German biotech firm CureVac said its experimental COVID-19 vaccine triggered an immune response in humans, putting it on track to start mass testing this year as the race to end the pandemic heats up.
    (Reuters, 11/2/20)

2020        Nov 5, Germany's daily new coronavirus infections hit a record high as data showed shoppers had stocked up on toilet paper, hand sanitizer and baking ingredients ahead of new lockdown measures that took effect this week.
    (Reuters, 11/5/20)
2020        Nov 5, It was reported that bird flu of the type H5N8 has been found on a poultry farm in Germany's northern state of Schleswig-Holstein, after it has already spread among the wild bird population in the region.
    (Reuters, 11/5/20)

2020        Nov 7, Germany followed several European countries by reporting a record number of daily coronavirus cases, as a second wave of infections sweeps through the continent as winter approaches. The Robert Koch Institute, reported 23,399 new cases in the last 24 hours.
    (NBC News, 11/7/20)

2020        Nov 9, German authorities said type H5N8 bird flu has been confirmed in another poultry farm in north Germany.
    (Reuters, 11/9/20)

2020        Nov 12, Germany reported 21,866 new coronavirus cases, bringing the total to 727,553 and jumping back above 20,000 after four days below that figure.
    (Reuters, 11/12/20)

2020        Nov 13, The German government criticized an announcement by Russia's foreign minister that Moscow is imposing sanctions against German and French officials in response to EU measures taken over the poisoning of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny.
    (AP, 11/13/20)

2020        Nov 16, Germany ordered around 16,100 turkeys to be slaughtered after the H5N8 bird flu was found on another poultry farm.
    (Reuters, 11/16/20)

2020        Nov 17, German authorities seized 10.2 metric tons (11.2 tons) of water pipe tobacco they say was being smuggled into Berlin from the Mideast to avoid import taxes. A 35-year-old accused of being the ringleader is an alleged member of a known Berlin crime family.
    (AP, 11/19/20)
2020        Nov 17, German police said that they had three suspects in custody almost a year after what may have been the biggest jewel heist in history. Two more people were still being hunted in connection with the brazen theft of an estimated $1 billion worth of treasure from the Green Vault of Dresden Castle.
    (CBS News, 11/17/20)
2020        Nov 17, Authorities said bird flu has been found on another chicken farm in Germany and a program to slaughter up to 70,000 poultry is being prepared.
    (Reuters, 11/17/20)

2020        Nov 18, In Germany several thousand people banging saucepans and blowing whistles gathered in central Berlin to protest against Angela Merkel's plans to give her government powers to enforce restrictions aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus. Police fired water cannons as the crowd refused to war masks and maintain social distancing.
    (Reuters, 11/18/20)(SFC, 11/19/20, p.A8)

2020        Nov 20, It was reported that Germany will make it compulsory for most listed and cooperative companies to have at least one woman on their boards after representatives of the ruling conservative and Social Democrat (SPD) parties reached agreement on the long-sought measure.
    (Reuters, 11/20/20)
2020        Nov 20, Germany reported a record number of new coronavirus cases, upping the pressure on leaders of the country's 16 federal states to implement stricter restrictions favored by Chancellor Angela Merkel to tame a second wave before Christmas.
    (Reuters, 11/20/20)
2020        Nov 20, German prosecutors said there is evidence of "cannibalism" in the killing of a 44-year-old man whose remains were found on the northern edge of Berlin earlier this month. A day earlier a 41-year-old high school teacher was arrested on suspicion of murder with sexual motives at his home close to the site where the victim's bones were found.
    (The Telegraph, 11/20/20)(Insider, 11/21/20)

2020        Nov 25, Germany's Cabinet approved legislation that would provide compensation to gay servicepeople who experienced discrimination in the military before a change of policy 20 years ago.
    (AP, 11/25/20)
2020        Nov 25, Germany reported a record 410 COVID-19 deaths in the last 24 hours. The number of confirmed coronavirus cases increased by 18,633 to 961,320. The reported death toll rose by a record 410 to 14,771.
    (Reuters, 11/25/20)

2020        Nov 26, Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germans will face restrictions on public life for the foreseeable future as the country tries to suppress the spread of the coronavirus and prevent the health system becoming overburdened.
    (Reuters, 11/26/20)

2020        Nov 27, In Germany the number of confirmed coronavirus cases increased by 22,806 to 1,006,394. The reported death toll rose by 426 to 15,586.
    (AP, 11/27/20)

2020        Dec 1, In Germany more than 180 police officers raided homes in three states early today after the government banned a far-right group. The homes of 11 members of the far-right group Wolfsbrigade 44, founded in 2016, were searched in Hesse, Mecklenburg West-Pomerania and North Rhine-Westphalia to confiscate the group's funds and far-right propaganda material. The 44 in their name stands for the fourth letter in the alphabet, DD, and is an abbreviation for Division Dirlewanger. Oskar Dirlewanger was a known Nazi war criminal and commander of a Nazi SS special unit.
    (AP, 12/1/20)
2020        Dec 1, In Germany a car drove at high speed into a pedestrian zone in the city of Trier, killing five people and seriously more than a dozen others before being stopped by police. The driver (51) was arrested at the scene and the vehicle was impounded.
    (AP, 12/1/20)(AP, 12/2/20)
2020        Dec 1, AstraZeneca said it would sell rights to its erstwhile blockbuster cholesterol drug, Crestor, to German pharmaceutical company Gruenenthal GmbH for an upfront payment of $320 million as the British drugmaker focuses on its cancer treatments portfolio.
    (Reuters, 12/1/20)

2020        Dec 3, Authorities in Germany said about 29,000 chickens will be slaughtered after H5N8 bird flu was found on another poultry farm in the eastern area of Mecklenburgische Seenplatte.
    (AP, 12/3/20)
2020        Dec 3, Germany's Merck KGaA said it has agreed a three-year strategic research deal worth up to $6.8 billion with Artios Pharma Limited to develop up to eight potential drugs for cancer by targeting DNA repair mechanisms inside cells.
    (Reuters, 12/3/20)

2020        Dec 4, Veteran German diplomat Helga Schmid, a key behind-the-scenes negotiator of the 2015 nuclear accord with Iran, was named as the new administrative head of the Vienna-based Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
    (AP, 12/4/20)

2020        Dec 6, It was reported that Bayer AG has struck a deal with Atara Biotherapeutics to jointly work on Atara's CAR-T cell anti-tumor treatments, as the German group firms up its commitment to build a specialist cell and gene therapy development platform.
    (Reuters, 12/6/20)

2020        Dec 8, German prosecutors said there is compelling evidence the German prime suspect in the disappearance of Madeleine McCann killed her but it cannot be shared with the public. Christian Brückner (43), a convicted pedophile and rapist, was named as a suspect in the toddler’s disappearance in June.
    (The Telegraph, 12/8/20)
2020        Dec 8, In Germany an official said authorities, churches and Jewish communities in the southern state of Bavaria have agreed that anti-Semitic statues and carvings dating back to the Middle Ages shouldn't be removed from churches.
    (AP, 12/8/20)

2020        Dec 9, Chancellor Angela Merkel demanded tougher curbs to halt coronavirus infections, as the German death toll reached a daily record of nearly 600 people.
    (AFP, 12/9/20)

2020        Dec 10, It was reported that a German court has ruled that automaker Tesla Inc. has to stop clearing trees on the site where it's building its first electric car factory in Europe. The ban would last until a decision was made on the appeal by the environmentalist groups NABU and Gruene Liga.
    (AP, 12/10/20)

2020        Dec 11, Construction of Nord Stream 2, a German-Russian pipeline that the United States has vehemently opposed, resumed after nearly a year.
    (AP, 12/11/20)

2020        Dec 13, Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany will enact a nationwide lockdown over Christmas, closing most stores and schools and strictly limiting gatherings. Starting on December 16, most stores, schools and hairdressers will be required to close, and gatherings over the holidays will be restricted.
    (NY Times, 12/14/20)

2020        Dec 14, German biotech firm CureVac said it has started a large Phase 2b/3 clinical trial of its COVID-19 vaccine candidate, banking on the same technology that has allowed rivals BioNTech and Moderna to lead the development race.
    (Reuters, 12/14/20)

2020        Dec 16, Germany entered a strict lockdown in an effort to get soaring coronavirus cases under control as the number of registered deaths from COVID-19 jumped by 952, the highest daily increase yet.
    (Reuters, 12/16/20)
2020        Dec 16, Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet passed new legislation to introduce all-electronic securities as part of its wider blockchain strategy.
    (Reuters, 12/16/20)

2020        Dec 17, A plane carrying 88 asylum-seekers, including 19 sick children, arrived in Germany as part of the country's pledge to take in migrants from camps in Greece.
    (AP, 12/17/20)
2020        Dec 17, German firm BioNTech's chief medical officer said Pfizer and BioNTech's COVID-19 vaccine has been given to 140,000 people in Britain, and the feedback on side effects and tolerability has been reassuring.
    (Reuters, 12/17/20)

2020        Dec 18, A German court ruled Tesla could partially proceed with clearing a forest to build a manufacturing site near Berlin.
    (AP, 12/18/20)

2020        Dec 19, A German court ruled that automaker Tesla has to stop clearing trees on some parts of the site outside Berlin where it is building the company's first electric car factory in Europe.
    (AP, 12/19/20)
2020        Dec 19, Germany's daily Rheinische Post reported that authorities have broken up an international crime ring that duped elderly people into handing over their money and valuables to criminals posing as police officers. German police busted a call center in the southwestern Turkish city of Izmir where suspects allegedly phoned retirees in Germany and talked them into handing over their valuables to fake officers. 38 people were arrested earlier this month and 48 locations were searched in addition to the call center.
    (AP, 12/19/20)
2020        Dec 19, Germany organized the return of three women and 12 children from camps in northeastern Syria for humanitarian reasons.
    (AP, 12/20/20)

2020        Dec 21, A German court sentenced Stephan Balliet (28), a far-right terrorist, to life in prison on a double murder charge after he attempted to storm a small town synagogue in a gun rampage on Yom Kippur last year.
    (AP, 12/21/20)
2020        Dec 21, It was reported that death threats linked to police computers and the discovery of far-right chat groups in police departments across Germany have fed concerns about far-right infiltration.
    (NY Times, 12/21/20)

2020        Dec 22, In Germany cyberattack began on the Funke media group, affecting numerous computer systems at editorial offices and printing plants across the country.
    (AP, 12/23/20)
2020        Dec 22, German media reported that Benedikt Schwaderlapp decided to commercialize a coronavirus game, invented by his four daughters, by hiring an artist to design cards, board and box. So far he's sold 2,000 copies, and signed up a toy store as a secondary distributor.
    (r, 12/22/20)
2020        Dec 22, Drug makers including BioNTech and Moderna scrambled to test their COVID-19 vaccines against the new fast-spreading variant of the virus that is raging in Britain, the latest challenge in the breakneck race to curb the pandemic. Ugur Sahin, chief executive of Germany's BioNTech, which with partner Pfizer took less than a year to get a vaccine approved, said he needs another two weeks to know if his shot can stop the mutant variant of the virus. Moderna expects immunity from its vaccine to protect against the variant and is performing more tests in coming weeks to confirm.
    (Reuters, 12/22/20)

2020        Dec 24, Germany's state of Baden-Wuerttemberg said that the new variant of the pandemic SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that has been spreading rapidly in Britain has been found in Germany for the first time.
    (Reuters, 12/24/20)

2020        Dec 27, It was reported that BMW wants roughly every fifth car it sells to be powered by an electric engine by 2023. Chief Executive Oliver Zipse said 15,000 private and about 1,300 public charging points would have to be put into operation every week as of today.
    (AP, 12/27/20)

2020        Dec 28, Germany's confirmed death toll in the coronavirus pandemic rose by 348  bringing the country's total to 30,126.
    (SFC, 12/29/20, p.A4)

2020        Dec 29, Biotech firm GNA Biosolutions said it has received emergency use approval from German's health authority for its quick COVID-19 test that it says is as reliable as widely-used PCR tests but delivers results almost as quickly as an antigen one.
    (Reuters, 12/29/20)

2020        Dec 30, German officials made clear that they won't be able to relax lockdown restrictions in early January as the country recorded more than 1,000 deaths in one day for the first time.
    (The Telegraph, 12/30/20)

2021        Jan 5, Germany's disease control center reported 944 more COVID-19 deaths. Chancellor Angela Merkel said she has agreed with state governors to extend the country's current lockdown by three weeks until Jan. 31.
    (AP, 1/5/21)(SFC, 1/6/21, p.A5)

2021        Jan 6, Germany's cabinet approved legislation to force larger listed companies to have at least one woman on their boards, following years of debate over the issue.
    (Reuters, 1/6/21)
2021        Jan 6, Britain, France and Germany pressed Iran to reverse a decision to start enriching uranium to levels beyond the limits of a 2015 nuclear agreement, a move which they said “risks compromising" chances of diplomacy with the incoming US administration.
    (AP, 1/6/21)

2021        Jan 7, German company CureVac, that is in the advanced stages of producing a vaccine against COVID-19, said it is linking up with pharmaceutical giant Bayer to help develop and distribute the product. CureVac said last month that it expects first results by the end of March from its phase 3 clinical study of the mRNA-based vaccine candidate called CVnCoV.
    (AP, 1/7/21)
2021        Jan 7, Daimler AG's unveiled a new display screen that will cover almost the entire dashboard of its luxury Mercedes-Benz models, in a bid to outdo Tesla Inc's hallmark touchscreen infotainment system.
    (Reuters, 1/7/21)

2021        Jan 8, Germany reported a record 1,188 daily COVID-19 deaths. Trial organizers at university hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) said coronavirus vaccine developed by the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) and vaccine maker IDT Biologika did not prompt the hoped-for immune reaction in early-stage testing on humans.
    (Reuters, 1/8/21)

2021        Jan 11, German prosecutors took down what they believe was the biggest illegal marketplace on the darknet and arrested its suspected operator, an Australian man (34). The darknet is a part of the web accessible only with specialized identity-cloaking tools.
    (AP, 1/12/20)
2021        Jan 11, Egypt hosted the foreign ministers of Germany, France and Jordan to discuss ways to revive peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians, a week before President-elect Joe Biden takes office.
    (AP, 1/11/21)

2021        Jan 12, Germany-based Volkswagen said its namesake brand sold 134,000 battery-powered cars last year, up from 45,000 in 2019.
    (AP, 1/12/20)
2021        Jan 12, A new US tariff of 25% took effect on French and German wines designed to penalize the EU as part of an ongoing dispute over aircraft subsidies that has dragged on for more than 16 years.
    (SFC, 1/13/21, p.C1)

2021        Jan 13, Authorities in Germany said about 37,000 chickens will be slaughtered after bird flu was found on a farm in the east of the country.
    (Reuters, 1/13/20)

2021        Jan 14, DB Schenker, owned by national rail firm Deutsche Bahn, said that for the time being, it was not accepting new UK-bound consignments. The German company said "enormous bureaucratic regulations" linked to post-Brexit trading arrangements were to blame.
    (BBC, 1/14/20)
2021        Jan 14, In Germany figures published today showed the highest number of daily deaths since the start of the pandemic. The Robert Koch Institute said 1,244 deaths from COVID-19 were confirmed in one day up to today, taking the total number to 43,881. There were also 25,164 newly confirmed cases, putting Germany’s total known infections close to 2 million.
    (AP, 1/14/20)

2021        Jan 15, German authorities gave permission for work to resume on a subsea pipeline bringing natural gas from Russia that's been the target of US sanctions threats.
    (AP, 1/15/21)

2021        Jan 16, Germany's center-right Christian Democratic Union, the party of Chancellor Angela Merkel, elected Armin Laschet, the premier of North Rhine-Westphalia, as its new leader. Laschet won a narrow runoff over Friedrich Merz by 53% to 47%.
    (Reuters, 1/16/21)(Econ., 1/23/21, p.40)
2021        Jan 16, Germany recorded 18,678 confirmed cases in the previous 24 hours and another 980 deaths. Germany has carried out more than a million vaccinations as new infections and deaths remain high.
    (AP, 1/16/21)
2021        Jan 16, Britain, France and Germany pressed Iran to back off the latest planned violation of its 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, saying that Tehran has “no credible civilian use" for uranium metal.
    (AP, 1/16/21)

2021        Jan 17, German pharmaceutical giant Bayer said it is examining whether it can help CureVac to produce its experimental COVID-19 vaccine.
    (Reuters, 1/17/21)

2021        Jan 19, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and state premiers agreed to extend a lockdown for most shops and schools until Feb. 14 as part of a package of steps to try to rein in the coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 1/19/21)

2021        Jan 20, Germany's Cabinet approved legislation that will prohibit the killing male chicks after they hatch from Jan. 1 next year. In a second step, the killing of chick embryos in the egg will be prohibited after the sixth day of incubation starting on Jan. 1, 2024.
    (AP, 1/20/21)   
2021        Jan 20, Authorities in Germany said another 30 cases of African swine fever (ASF) have been found in wild boars in Brandenburg state, in a continuing outbreak among wild animals which has halted German pork exports to Asia. This brought Germany's total reported cases to 544.
    (Reuters, 1/20/21)
2021        Jan 20, Germany-based Daimler AG's Mercedes-Benz unveiled the EQA, a new electric compact SUV as part of plans to take on rival Tesla Inc and offer more emission-free vehicles to consumers to meet targets in Europe and China.
    (Reuters, 1/20/21)

2021        Jan 21, It was reported that German researchers have enabled mice paralyzed after spinal cord injuries to walk again, re-establishing a neural link hitherto considered irreparable in mammals by using a designer protein injected into the brain.
    (Reuters, 1/21/21)

2021        Jan 22, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s center-right party said that Armin Laschet (59), the governor of Germany’s most populous state, has been confirmed as its new leader.
    (AP, 1/22/21)
2021        Jan 22, In Germany 859 coronavirus deaths were reported over the past 24 hours, taking the total so far to 50,642.
    (AP, 1/22/21)

2021        Jan 24, It was reported that Germany has asked Taiwan to persuade Taiwanese manufacturers to help ease a shortage of semiconductor chips in the auto sector which is hampering its fledgling economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.
    (Reuters, 1/24/21)

2021        Jan 28, A court in Frankfurt convicted Stephan Ernst (47), a German neo-Nazi, of murdering local politician Walter Lübcke in 2019 and sentenced him to life in prison for what the prosecutor called the country’s first political assassination by far-right extremists since the end of World War II.
    (NY Times, 1/28/21)(SFC, 1/29/21, p.A4)
2021        Jan 28, Germany's vaccine committee recommended that AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine should only be given to people aged between 18 and 64.
    (Reuters, 1/28/21)
2021        Jan 28, Paul Crutzen (87), Nobel Prize winning Dutch scientist (1995), died in Mainz, Germany. His work warned the world about the threat of chemicals to the Earth's ozone layer.
    (SSFC, 2/7/21, p.E11)

2021        Jan 29, Authorities in Germany said about 20,000 turkeys will be slaughtered after bird flu was found on another poultry farm in the eastern state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
    (Reuters, 1/29/21)

2021        Feb 5, Germany ducked an appeal by Taiwan for its help to supply COVID-19 vaccines, as the Asian tech powerhouse's request for assistance following Berlin's plea to ease a semiconductor supply crunch in the auto industry risked provoking China's ire.
    (Reuters, 2/5/21)
2021        Feb 5, Britain said it had agreed on a deal with German biotech firm CureVac to work to develop vaccines against coronavirus variants, placing an initial order for 50 million doses in case they are needed.
    (AP, 2/5/21)
2021        Feb 5, Foreign ministers of the Britain, France, Germany and the US secretary of state held virtual talks on topics that included Iran, China, Russia, Myanmar, climate change and the coronavirus pandemic.
    (AP, 2/5/21)

2021        Feb 6, Work on the disputed Nord Stream 2 pipeline, a Russian-German underwater gas pipeline that’s been the target of US sanction threats, was resumed.
    (AP, 2/7/21)

2021        Feb 8, Germany, Poland and Sweden each declared a Russian diplomat in their country “persona non grata," retaliating in kind to last week’s decision by Moscow to expel diplomats from the three European Union countries over the case of opposition leader Alexei Navalny.
    (AP, 2/8/21)

2021        Feb 9, German authorities said prosecutors have charged a 100-year-old man with 3,518 counts of being an accessory to murder on allegations he served during World War II as a Nazi SS guard at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp on the outskirts of Berlin.
    (AP, 2/9/21)
2021        Feb 9, Volkswagen said it is conducting a feasibility study in China about flying cars, joining a growing number of companies looking into the potential technology.
    (Reuters, 2/9/21)

2021        Feb 12, It was reported that 14 people have been arrested in joint police operations in Denmark and Germany on suspicion of planning an Islamist terror attack.
    (The Telegraph, 2/12/21)

2021        Feb 14, Germany closed its borders with the Czech Republic and the Austrian region of Tyrol in a bid to prevent the spread of coronavirus mutations.
    (AP, 2/15/21)

2021        Feb 19, Germany said it will contribute an additional 1.5 billion euros to support global COVID-19 vaccination efforts and other programs to fight the pandemic, increasing its overall pledge to 2.1 billion euros.
    (Reuters, 2/19/21)

2021        Feb 20, Friedrich Karl Berger (95), a former Nazi concentration camp guard, arrived in his native Germany and was held by police for questioning after being deported from the US. Berger had lived in the US since 1959.
    (AP, 2/20/21)

2021        Feb 21, It was reported that Denmark has closed some border crossing points with Germany and stepped up checks at others due to a spike in COVID-19 cases and a rise in virus variants in the northern German town of Flensburg.
    (SSFC, 2/21/21, p.A14)

2021        Feb 22, Elementary students in more than half of Germany’s 16 states returned to school after more than two months at home, the first major relaxation of the country's pandemic measures since before Christmas. Kindergartens also reopened their doors for pre-school children.
    (AP, 2/22/21)

2021        Feb 24, A German court in a landmark ruling convicted Eyad al-Gharib, a former members of Syrian Pres. Bashar Assad's secret police, of facilitating the torture of prisoners and sentenced him to 4.5 years in prison. Judges took in mitigating factors. 
    (SFC, 2/24/21, p.A2)

2021        Feb 26, In Germany a 33-year-old Italian man was convicted of attempted extortion for threatening to blow up a British National Health Service hospital unless he was paid off with 10 million pounds ($13.2 million) in crypto currency. Defendant Emil A., a resident of Berlin, was sentenced to three years in prison.
    (AP, 2/26/21)

2021        Feb 28, Germany announced that travelers from France’s northeastern Moselle region will face additional restrictions because of the high rate of variant coronavirus cases there.
    (AP, 2/28/21)

2021        Mar 1, Paris-based Reporters Without Borders filed a criminal case against Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and others in the Saudi hierarchy in a German court for the brutal 2018 murder, dismemberment, and disappearance of Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
    (AP, 3/2/21)

2021        Mar 3, German media reported that the domestic security service has placed the far-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) party under surveillance for suspected extremism.
    (Axios, 3/3/21)
2021        Mar 3, Germany's financial watchdog BaFin said that it had imposed a moratorium on Greensill Bank. The Bremen-based bank is part of the British fund Greensill Capital, which is in talks to sell large parts of its business after losing the backing of two asset managers who had underpinned parts of its supply chain financing model.
    (Reuters, 3/3/21)

2021        Mar 4, Germany made the AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine available to over-65s, in a reversal of its previous policy.
    (The Telegraph, 3/4/21)
2021        Mar 4, It was reported that SAP Chief Executive Christian Klein's fixed and variable pay jumped 67% to 9.2 million euros ($11.1 million) last year, under German disclosure rules, although he took home less after a tough year for the business software group.
    (Reuters, 3/4/21)

2021        Mar 7, German lawmaker Nikolas Loebel, a member of Chancellor Angela Merkel's party, said he will give up his seat in parliament and leave politics after it emerged that his company profited from deals to procure masks early in the pandemic.
    (AP, 3/7/21)

2021        Mar 9, In Germany doors were opened to limited numbers of guests, after authorities eased restrictions to allow some museums, galleries and certain other cultural venues to begin receiving visitors again.
    (AP, 3/9/21)
2021        Mar 9, Germany's Federal Court of Justice upheld the conviction of Omaima A., the wife of German rapper Denis Cuspert, for membership in a terrorist organization as well as charges of failing to properly care for her children, weapons offenses and aiding in the enslavement of a Yazidi girl. She was given a three-and-a-half-year prison sentence. In 2018, the Islamic State group announced the Cuspert had been killed in an airstrike in Syria.
    (AP, 3/22/21)

2021        Mar 14, In Germany Angela Merkel's center-right Christian Democratic Union was handily defeated in elections by two popular incumbent state governors: the Green party's Winfried Kretschmann in Baden-Wuerttemberg and the center-left Social Democrats' Malu Dreyer in Rhineland-Palatinate.
    (AP, 3/15/21)
2021        Mar 14, Carmaker Volkswagen said it plans to cut up to 4,000 jobs at its plants in Germany by offering early or partial retirement to older employees in a move that could cost several hundred million euros.
    (Reuters, 3/14/21)

2021        Mar 15, Germany's IDT Biologica said it would make Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine using capacity previously reserved by Japan's Takeda, helping to ease concerns about the US drugmaker's ability to meet its production goals.
    (AP, 3/15/21)
2021        Mar 15, Germany, France, Italy and Spain said they would stop administering the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine after several countries reported possible serious side-effects.
    (AP, 3/15/21)(SFC, 3/16/21, p.A4)

2021        Mar 16, An expert at the Robert Koch Institute for infectious diseases said coronavirus infections are again rising exponentially in Germany.
    (Reuters, 3/16/21)

2021        Mar 20, In Germany some 20,000 people clashed with police in Kassel over coronavirus measures. Marchers gathered despite a court ordered ban.
    (SSFC, 3/21/21, p.A9)

2021        Mar 21, In Germany Alfred Sauter, an influential figure in Bavaria's Christian Social Union, resigned all party offices. He is at least the third conservative politician to have resigned in the scandal over mask procurement kickbacks.
    (Reuters, 3/21/21)

2021        Mar 22, Germany’s agriculture ministry said the governments of Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic have agreed that intensified hunting of wild boar is needed to combat an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) among wild animals.
    (Reuters, 3/22/21)

2021        Mar 23, Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany would extend its lockdown until April 18 and called on citizens to stay home and reduce contacts as much as possible for five days from April 1. lobby groups said the decision could drive more businesses to bankruptcy and be counterproductive by encouraging people to flock to the shops beforehand.
    (Reuters, 3/23/21)

2021        Mar 24, German Chancellor Angela Merkel dropped plans for a five-day shutdown over Easter, which had prompted confusion and criticism. She called the idea a mistake and apologized to Germans.
    (AP, 3/24/21)
2021        Mar 24, Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet approved a debt-financed supplementary budget of 60 billion euros ($71 billion) which will lift annual new borrowing to a record high of more than 240 billion euros this year.
    (Reuters, 3/24/21)
2021        Mar 24, The New York-based Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany said that Germany has committed millions of dollars in extra funding to help ensure all Holocaust survivors are able to get vaccinated against the coronavirus.
    (AP, 3/24/21)

2021        Mar 25, In Germany the number of new confirmed coronavirus cases jumped by 22,657 to 2.713 million, the biggest increase since Jan. 9. The reported death toll rose by 228 to 75,440.
    (Reuters, 3/25/21)

2021        Mar 26, Der Spiegel reported that German security officials have detected another cyber attack on the email accounts of members of the federal parliament.
    (Reuters, 3/26/21)
2021        Mar 26, Germany reported 21,573 new coronavirus cases, compared with 17,482 a week earlier.
    (SFC, 3/27/21, p.A7)

2021        Mar 30, Armin Laschet, the new leader of Chancellor Angela Merkel's party pledged to restore voters' confidence after discontent over Germany's pandemic management and a scandal over lawmakers enriching themselves in mask-procurement deals led to a sharp drop in its approval ratings.
    (AP, 3/30/21)
2021        Mar 30, Germany's vaccine regulator said it has recorded 31 cases of a rare blood clot in the brain, nine of which resulted in deaths, after people received a COVID-19 vaccine from AstraZeneca.
    (Reuters, 3/30/21)

2021        Apr 1, Germany’s disease control agency reported 24,300 newly confirmed cases in the past day, and 201 deaths. Chancellor Angela Merkel called on citizens to help ease the strain on nurses and doctors caring for the rising number of COVID-19 patients by respecting pandemic rules over Easter.
    (AP, 4/1/21)

2021        Apr 2, German-based Giesecke+Devrient (G+D), which supplies raw materials, supplies and system components for making Myanmar's kyat banknotes, said it was suspending all deliveries to the state-owned security printer, Security Print Works.
    (AP, 4/2/21)

2021        Apr 4, Germany announced plans to allow people vaccinated against Covid-19 certain privileges over their unvaccinated peers, in a significant step towards introducing so-called "vaccine passports".
    (The Telegraph, 4/4/21)

2021        Apr 6, In Germany Hans Küng (93), a Roman Catholic theologian, died at his home in Tübingen. He was an early colleague and friend of the future Pope Benedict XVI but later fell foul of the Vatican for challenging church doctrine and became a vocal critic of the pontiff.
    (AP, 4/6/21)

2021        Apr 13, US Defense Sec. Lloyd Austin announced that he is expanding the US military presence in Germany by 500 troops and has stopped planning for large-scale troop cuts ordered by the Trump administration.
    (SFC, 4/14/21, p.A2)

2021        Apr 16, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy arrived in Paris for talks with French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel amid his country's growing tensions with neighboring Russia, which has deployed troops near its border with Ukraine.
    (AP, 4/16/21)

2021        Apr 20, Armin Laschet (60), the governor of Germany’s most populous state, won a bruising power struggle to become the candidate of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s center-right bloc for chancellor in the September election.
    (AP, 4/20/21)

2021        Apr 21, German's lower house of parliament approved a proposal by Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government to mandate uniform restrictions in areas where the coronavirus is spreading too quickly.
    (AP, 4/21/21)
2021        Apr 21, A German woman, Nurten J. (35), accused of joining the Islamic State group in Syria after traveling there with her young daughter, was convicted of participating in a terrorist organization and other offenses.
    (AP, 4/21/21)

2021        Apr 23, A Berlin court convicted Zeynep G. (34), of membership in the Islamic State group over her time spent in territory controlled by the extremist group in Syria and sentenced her to two years and 10 months in prison. However, it ordered her released on condition that she reports to authorities.
    (AP, 4/23/21)

2021        Apr 27, France and Germany laid out plans for billions in spending from the EU's recovery fund aimed at fighting climate change and boosting the use of digital technology.
    (SFC, 4/28/21, p.A6)

2021        Apr 29, US prosecutors said that German software giant SAP will pay more than $8 million in penalties in acknowledging that it illegally exported its products to Iran.
    (AP, 4/29/21)

2021        Apr 30, It was reported that Germany has agreed to return to Nigeria priceless artefacts that were stolen during the colonization of Africa.
    (BBC, 4/30/21)

2021        May 1, In Germany one of more than  20 May Day rallies in Berlin erupted in violence leaving at least 93 police officers injured and 354 protesters detained.
    (SFC, 5/3/21, p.A4)

2021        May 2, Prominent German philosopher Juergen Habermas (91) said he will not accept the high-priced Sheikh Zayed Book Award from the United Arab Emirates, reversing an earlier decision.
    (AP, 5/2/21)

2021        May 3, Bavarian officials canceled Oktoberfest festivities for a second year in a row due to concerns over the spread of COVID-19, saying there are too many risks in hosting the celebrations.
    (AP, 5/3/21)

2021        May 5, Germany and the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the creation of a new global hub in Berlin for gathering data on pandemics.
    (Reuters, 5/5/21)
2021        May 5, The German government banned Ansaar International, a Muslim organization that it accused of supporting "terrorism globally with its donations." More than 1,000 police officers raided buildings and office spaces across Germany and confiscated about 150,000 euros ($180,000).
    (AP, 5/5/21)
2021        May 5, Germany's constitutional court dismissed emergency appeals against the government's decision to impose night curfews in areas with high COVID-19 infections as some regions are eyeing a loosening of lockdown restrictions.
    (Reuters, 5/5/21)

2021        May 6, Germany rejected a US proposal to waive patent protection for COVID-19 vaccines, saying the greatest constraints on production were not intellectual property but increasing capacity and ensuring quality.
    (Reuters, 5/6/21)

2021        May 7, In Germany the Saxony intelligence agency classified the anti-immigration group PEGIDA as a “proven extremist movement." It said the Patriotic Europeans against the Islamization of the West, had turned into an anti-constitutional movement in recent years.
    (AP, 5/7/21)

2021        May 9, It was reported that Germany's powerful Catholic progressives are openly defying a recent Holy See pronouncement that priests cannot bless same-sex unions by offering such blessings at services in about 100 different churches all over the country this week.
    (AP, 5/9/21)

2021        May 10, In Germany a fruit logistics company in Erding, near Munich, called police to report that workers had discovered at least 4.5 kg (almost 10 pounds) of cocaine in organic waste bins. Police determined that the drugs had been dumped there a day earlier by subcontractors who gave no thought to the “foreign objects" they found wrapped in tape inside the banana crates before discarding them. The crates had been shipped from Ecuador via the Netherlands.
    (AP, 5/25/21)

2021        May 12, The German government adopted an ambitious plan to reduce the country's greenhouse gas emissions to ‘net zero’ by 2045, five years earlier and with deeper cuts than previously planned.
    (AP, 5/12/21)
2021        May 12, The German government passed a new law making hate-motivated insults a criminal offence that can be punished with a monetary fine or prison of up to two years.
    (AP, 5/12/21)
2021        May 12, The German government agreed to let travelers who have been vaccinated against COVID-19 or recovered from infection avoid testing and quarantine when entering the country, unless they come from areas where variants of concern are prevalent.
    (AP, 5/12/21)

2021        May 13, Germany's leading Jewish group sharply condemned protests in front of a synagogue in the western city of Gelsenkirchen. Several other German cities including Berlin, Hamburg and Hannover have seen anti-Israeli protests over the past few days.
    (AP, 5/13/21)

2021        May 14, A German court officially declared billionaire Karl-Erivan Haub dead, more than three years after the head of retail group Tengelmann went missing in the Swiss Alps. He was last seen on the morning of April 7, 2018, as he headed up a mountain lift with skis and a daypack.
    (AP, 5/14/21)

2021        May 18, German prosecutors said a businessman suspected of helping Russia purchase sophisticated machinery in breach of arms export rules has been detained in Leipzig.
    (AP, 5/18/21)
2021        May 18, It was reported that the Biden administration will waive sanctions on the corporate entity and CEO overseeing the construction of Russia’s Nord Stream 2 pipeline into Germany.
    (Axios, 5/18/21)

2021        May 19, Police in Germany raided sites in seven states as authorities announced a ban on three groups linked to the Lebanese militant organization Hezbollah.
    (AP, 5/19/21)

2021        May 27, Germany and Norway inaugurated a new undersea cable that directly links the two countries' electricity networks, a project that has been described as a key step in Europe's effort to shift away from fossil fuels to renewable energy.
    (AP, 5/27/21)
2021        May 27, Namibian media said Germany has agreed to fund projects worth more than a billion euros over 30 years to atone for its role in genocide and property seizures in its-then colony more than a century ago.
    (Reuters, 5/27/21)

2021        May 28, Germany formally recognized and said it would ask for forgiveness for the early 20th century genocide of the Herero and Nama people in present-day Namibia.
    (Axios, 5/28/21)

2021        May 31, Two suspects were arrested in Germany and Slovakia in raids on a group accused of smuggling Vietnamese into Germany and other European countries for large fees that they had to work off in massage parlors, brothels and other places. Police found 13 people who were in Germany illegally during the raids in several parts of Germany.
    (AP, 5/31/21)

2021        Jun 1, Germany's foreign minister rejected the idea of delivering weapons to Ukraine after the country's president indicated that he would like military help from Berlin.
    (AP, 6/1/21)
2021        Jun 1, Germany's public health agency lowered the coronavirus risk level to "high" from "very high" for the first time in 2021, reflecting a fall in the number of new infections.
    (Reuters, 6/1/21)

2021        Jun 4, Cardinal Reinhard Marx, a leading German cardinal and confidant of Pope Francis, offered to resign over the Catholic Church's “catastrophic" mishandling of clergy sexual abuse cases, declaring that the scandals had brought the church to “a dead end".
    (AP, 6/4/21)

2021        Jun 5, In Germany Berlin police said 13 journalists were detained early today while reporting on a protest by environmentalist against the construction of a highway in the capital.
    (AP, 6/5/21)

2021        Jun 6, Voters in Saxony-Anhalt went to the polls to elect a new state assembly in what is seen as the last big test for Germany's political parties before a national election in September. Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union won the election with 37.1% of the vote, far ahead of the far-right Alternative for Germany, or AfD, with 20.8%.
    (AP, 6/6/21)

2021        Jun 7, German officials said police conducted raids targeting people suspected of involvement in organized crime, as part of a larger international bust coordinated by Europol.
    (AP, 6/7/21)
2021        Jun 7, In Germany Robert Bosch opened a 1 billion euro ($1.2 billion) chip plant near Dresden, a record investment by the leading automotive supplier as it stakes a claim to equipping the latest electric and self-driving cars.
    (Reuters, 6/7/21)

2021        Jun 9, Germany-based Volkswagen said that former CEO Martin Winterkorn has agreed to pay 11.2 million euros ($13.6 million) in compensation for what the company called his failure to quickly get to the bottom of the scandal over diesel engines rigged to cheat on emissions tests.
    (AP, 6/9/21)
2021        Jun 9, A top European Union court annulled the EU's approval of 550 million euros ($670 million) in state aid for German airline Condor, backing a challenge by budget carrier Ryanair but suspending the application of the ruling because of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
    (AP, 6/9/21)
2021        Jun 9, In Germany dozens of workers gathered outside of one of Berlin's most-celebrated startups, the grocery delivery company Gorillas, to protest the firing hours earlier of a colleague.
    (AP, 6/13/21)
2021        Jun 9, German architect Gottfried Boehm (101) died. He was famous for his concrete brutalist-style church buildings.
    (AP, 6/10/21)

2021        Jun 10, Germany started rolling out a digital vaccination pass that can be used across Europe as the continent is gets ready for the key summer travel season.
    (AP, 6/10/21)
2021        Jun 10, Pope Francis refused to let German Cardinal Reinhard Marx resign over the sex abuse scandal in the church, but said a process of reform was necessary and that every bishop must take responsibility for the “catastrophe" of the crisis.
    (AP, 6/10/21)

2021        Jun 16, It was reported that Germany's finance minister has ordered the purchase of data on Germans with assets in Dubai as part of efforts to combat tax evasion, following similar purchases by regional authorities of data from Switzerland in the past decade.
    (AP, 6/16/21)
2021        Jun 16, The German company CureVac delivered disappointing preliminary results from a clinical trial of its Covid-19 vaccine, dimming hopes that it could help fill the world’s great need.
    (NY Times, 6/16/21)

2021        Jun 17, Germany-based Lufthansa said it will allow passengers to use new digital COVID-19 vaccination certificates at check-in for their flights.
    (Reuters, 6/17/21)

2021        Jun 21, A German trade union called on workers at seven Amazon warehouses to go on a 3-day strike over better pay and working conditions to coincide with the global Prime Day promotion.
    (AP, 6/21/21)

2021        Jun 22, Germany's national rail operator announced plans to reopen 20 stretches of railway around the country that have been closed over the years, a move intended to help get more people and freight on trains as the country steps up efforts to fight climate change.
    (AP, 6/22/21)
2021        Jun 22, Germany and the UN brought together representatives of Libya with powers that have interests in the country at a conference which aims for progress toward securing elections in the North African nation and the removal of foreign fighters.
    (Reuters, 6/22/21)(AP, 6/23/21)

2021        Jun 23, Germany's Cabinet approved plans for a 2022 budget that foresee an increase in new debt as spending on health and fighting climate change rise.
    (AP, 6/23/21)

2021        Jun 24, The United States and Germany launched a new initiative to stem an alarming rise in antisemitism and Holocaust denial around the world.
    (AP, 6/24/21)
2021        Jun 24, France and Germany’s call for European Union summit talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin were blocked late today after fierce opposition from Poland and the Baltic countries.
    (The Telegraph, 6/24/21)

2021        Jun 25, In Germany a Somali man (24) killed three people and severely injured several others with a long knife in Wuerzburg before he was shot and arrested.
    (SFC, 6/25/21, p.A4)

2021        Jun 26, Klaus Zellmer, Volkswagen board member for sales, said the carmaker will stop selling combustion engines cars in Europe by 2035 as it shifts to electric vehicles, but later in the United States and China.
    (Reuters, 6/26/21)

2021        Jun 28, Deutsche Telekom said it has successfully tested software-based mobile network technology using high-capacity antennas, a potential alternative to existing network suppliers that could give mobile firms more flexibility and cut costs.
    (Reuters, 6/28/21)

2021        Jul 2, German Health Minister Jens Spahn announced measures to boost the effectiveness of the country's vaccination program against an expected wave of the Delta variant of COVID-19, which is more infectious.
    (AP, 7/2/21)

2021        Jul 6, German security officials said more than 750 people have been arrested and large amounts of drugs seized as part of an investigation that started in 2020.
    (SFC, 7/7/21, p.A4)

2021        Jul 8, The EU handed down $1 billion in fines to major Germany car manufacturers, saying they colluded to limit development and rollout of emission-control systems.
    (SFC, 7/9/21, p.B2)

2021        Jul 9, Germany declared all of Spain a coronavirus risk area after Spanish COVID-19 infection rates more than doubled in a week as the Delta variant spread rapidly among unvaccinated young adults. Spain's Canary Islands and its Mediterranean region of Valencia have asked the government to bring back curfews to counter a soaring COVID-19 infection rate among unvaccinated youngsters.
    (Reuters, 7/9/21)

2021        Jul 10, In Germany former US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urged Iranian dissidents to "keep up the fight" against the hardline regime in Tehran as the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) gathered in a summit to renew calls for a secular and democratic Iran in a largely virtual event.
    (Fox News, 7/11/21)

2021        Jul 13, Germany-based Volkswagen raised its long-term profitability target in a sign of the automaker's growing confidence in managing the shift to electric and self-driving vehicles.
    (Reuters, 7/13/21)

2021        Jul 14, Self-driving sensor maker AEye Inc said it had struck deals with German automotive supplier Continental AG and autonomous trucking firm TuSimple related to its lidar technology.
    (Reuters, 7/14/21)

2021        Jul 15, In Belgium and Germany more than 20 people have died and dozens of people were missing after heavy flooding turned streams and streets into raging torrents, sweeping away cars and causing buildings to collapse.
    (AP, 7/15/21)

2021        Jul 15, German authorities said late today that after confirming scores of deaths, they were unable to account for at least 1,300 people. Strong rains caused rivers to burst their banks and wash away buildings in Belgium and Germany. Homes and streets in the Netherlands and Switzerland also flooded.
    (NY Times, 7/16/21)

2021        Jul 16, In Belgium and western Germany more than 1,000 people were missing in flood-stricken regions, where waters were still rising with the death toll already well over 100 and communications in some areas cut.
    (Reuters, 7/16/21)

2021        Jul 17, In Germany police estimated that at least 133 people have died in flooding, including some 90 people in the Ahrweiler district south of Cologne. Hundreds of people remained missing.
    (Reuters, 7/17/21)
2021        Jul 17, In southwestern Germany a small plane crashed shortly after taking off and three bodies were found at the crash site near Steinenbronn.
    (AP, 7/17/21)

2021        Jul 18, At least 184 people have died in Germany and Belgium amid a rare flood event that has devastated the region with 157 died in Germany and 27 dead in Belgium.
    (Reuters, 7/18/21)

2021        Jul 19, German authorities said a third case of African swine fever (ASF) was confirmed over the weekend in farm pigs in the eastern state of Brandenburg.
    (Reuters, 7/19/21)
2021        Jul 19, Germany-based BioNTech said it was acquiring a production site and a research and development platform from a subsidiary of US biotech company Gilead to expand its footprint in north America and in novel cancer treatments.
    (Reuters, 7/19/21)

2021        Jul 21, Germany's Cabinet approved a roughly 400 million-euro ($472 million) package of immediate aid for victims of last week's floods and vowed to get started quickly on rebuilding the devastated areas.
    (AP, 7/21/21)

2021        Jul 23, Germany said it is listing Spain and the Netherlands as “high-incidence areas," meaning that most people arriving from those countries who aren’t fully vaccinated will have to go into quarantine from next week.
    (AP, 7/23/21)

2021        Jul 25, Chancellor Angela Merkel's chief of staff said he fears the number of new coronavirus cases in Germany could soar to 100,000 a day in about two months unless many more people get vaccinated and those who refuse may face restrictions. Politicians across the political spectrum criticized the warning.
    (AP, 7/25/21)(Reuters, 7/25/21)

2021        Jul 26, Germany's pharmaceutical company BioNTech said that it wants to use the mRNA technology behind its coronavirus vaccine to target malaria.
    (AP, 7/26/21)

2021        Jul 27, In Germany an explosion at an industrial park for chemical companies killed at least 2 person, with 31 others injured in Leverkusen. Five people were missing.
    (AP, 7/27/21)(AP, 7/28/21)

2021        Jul 28, German prosecutors said Syrian Dr. Alla Mousa has been charged with crimes against humanity for allegedly torturing people in military hospitals in his homeland and killing one of them.
    (AP, 7/28/21)

2021        Jul 29, A top German court ruled that Facebook acted illegally in taking down racist posts and blocking the account of their author because the social network failed to inform the user or give a reason for shutting them down.
    (Reuters, 7/29/21)
2021        Jul 29, German pharmaceutical and chemical company Bayer said it would take a provision of $4.5 billion against second-quarter earnings to put the company on what it said would be a path to closure of thousands of US lawsuits over a weedkiller containing the chemical glyphosate. Bayer AG said it would stop selling the current version of Roundup, the world's most widely used herbicide, for US home and garden use in 2023. A forthcoming version would replace glyphosate, the product's current active ingredient, with new formulations.
    (AP, 7/29/21)(SFC, 7/30/21, p.B1)

2021        Aug 1, In Germany hundreds of people turned out in Berlin to protest the German government’s anti-coronavirus measures despite a ban on the gatherings, leading to arrests and clashes with police.
    (AP, 8/1/21)

2021        Aug 2, German diplomat Christian Schmidt took office as the top international envoy to Bosnia, facing opposition from the country's Serbs, who have rejected both his appointment and a ban on genocide denial brought by his predecessor.
    (AP, 8/2/21)

2021        Aug 4, The German government said it will strengthen its battle against the quickly growing antisemitism in the country by investing 35 million euros ($41.5 million) into research and educational projects focused on understanding its causes and effectively fighting hatred of Jews.
    (AP, 8/4/21)
2021        Aug 4, The daughter of a German-Iranian rights activist said that her mother, Nahid Taghavi, has been given a prison sentence of 10 years and eight months in Iran. A Revolutionary Court sentenced Taghavi, arrested in 2020, and a British-Iranian man, Mehran Raouf, for allegedly running an “illegal group" and spreading “propaganda against the system".
    (AP, 8/4/21)
2021        Aug 4, In Germany two Afghan men (22 and 25) were detained after investigators found what they believed to be the 34-year-old victim's body near the elder brother's home in Bavaria. The woman, a divorced mother of two, had been reported missing in mid-July. Police later said that the men had acted out of an “aggrieved sense of honor" when they killed their sister.
    (AP, 8/6/21)
2021        Aug 4, A German-Swiss group that campaigns for human rights in Belarus called for Western companies to stop buying airtime for advertising on the authoritarian country’s state broadcasters.
    (AP, 8/4/21)

2021        Aug 9, Germany-based BioNTech said that repeat shots of its COVID-19 vaccine, of which more than a billion doses have now been supplied worldwide, was a better strategy than tailoring the product it developed with Pfizer to new variants.
    (Reuters, 8/9/21)

2021        Aug 10, It was reported that the German government will stop offering free coronavirus tests from Oct. 11 in a bid to encourage more people to get vaccinated amid concerns about a rise in new cases.
    (Reuters, 8/10/21)
2021        Aug 10, Germany arrested a British Embassy worker in Berlin on suspicion of being a spy after prosecutors accused him of passing documents to Moscow.
    (Washington Examiner, 8/11/21)

2021        Aug 11, Germany and the Netherlands said they have suspended any deportations of migrants to Afghanistan due to the tense security situation as Taliban insurgents make sweeping gains in the Central Asian country.
    (AP, 8/11/21)

2021        Aug 13, It was reported that the German government has upgraded Israel, Turkey and the United States to having a high COVID-19 risk, triggering a minimum five-day quarantine requirement for those who are unvaccinated.
    (Reuters, 8/13/21)

2021        Aug 16, Chancellor Angela Merkel told party colleagues that Germany must urgently evacuate up to 10,000 people from Afghanistan for whom its has responsibility.
    (Reuters, 8/16/21)
2021        Aug 16, In Germany an unknown number of missing people were tossed into a river in Bavaria's Valley of Hell when a sudden flood tore down a bridge they were on. At least four people had been pulled out of the water in the valley known as Höllentalklamm. Rescue teams recovered the body of a woman who was swept off a bridge. One person remained missing.
    (AP, 8/16/21)(AP, 8/17/21)
2021        Aug 16, Bayer, trying to contain billions of dollars in legal costs, filed a petition with the US Supreme Court to reverse an appeals court verdict that upheld damages to a customer blaming his cancer on the German group's glyphosate-based weedkillers.
    (Reuters, 8/16/21)
2021        Aug 16, GlaxoSmithKline and CureVac said a study on macaque monkeys showed their jointly-developed mRNA COVID-19 vaccine candidate to be "strongly improved" in protecting against the virus compared with CureVac's first attempt.
    (Reuters, 8/16/21)

2021        Aug 22, German Chancellor Angela Merkel offered reassurances that Ukraine would not suffer from the construction of Russia's Nord Stream 2 pipeline, but Ukraine said talks about its future as a transit country had been vague.
    (Reuters, 8/22/21)

2021        Aug 23, In Germany many train drivers with the national railway walked off the job as their union embarked on its second two-day strike this month in a bitter dispute with the company.
    (AP, 8/23/21)
2021        Aug 23, The energy ministers of Ukraine, the United States and Germany discussed in Kyiv guarantees for Ukraine about its future as a transit country after the construction of Russia's Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.
    (Reuters, 8/23/21)

2021        Aug 25, A senior German diplomat said the Taliban have told Germany that Afghans with legal documents will be able to travel on commercial flights beyond the Aug. 31 cut-off date after which evacuations from Kabul airport will no longer be allowed.
    (Reuters, 8/25/21)

2021        Aug 26, Germany said it has completed its military evacuation operation from Kabul airport, after evacuating 5,347 people, including more than 4,100 Afghans. Around 300 German citizens remained in the country. At least 5,000 former staff and their families were left behind. Germany has said its promise to take in former Afghan staff will still stand after a Aug. 31 deadline for evacuations from Kabul airport has passed.
    (Reuters, 8/26/21)(Reuters, 8/27/21)
2021        Aug 26, Axel Springer said it will acquire US political news website Politico, as the German publisher stitches together a global network of digital news operations.
    (Reuters, 8/26/21)

2021        Aug 27, Germany-based COVID-19 vaccine maker BioNTech said it was looking into building malaria and tuberculosis vaccine production sites in Rwanda and Senegal, narrowing its search for African locations.
    (Reuters, 8/27/21)
2021        Aug 27, German genetic testing specialist Qiagen said it is seeing demand for its COVID-19 tests firming up again, leading it to believe that sagging demand in July was temporary.
    (Reuters, 8/27/21)

2021        Aug 28, In Germany police tussled with protesters as thousands of people marched through Berlin chanting slogans and waving banners against COVID-19 restrictions.
    (Reuters, 8/28/21)

2021        Aug 29, In Germany several thousand people marched through the streets of Berlin for a second day of unauthorized protest against coronavirus vaccinations and restrictions aimed at curbing a fourth wave of the pandemic.
    (Reuters, 8/29/21)

2021        Sep 5, Germany's Robert Koch Institute reported 4,005, 641 total cases of COVID-19 and 92,346 deaths. The actual number of cases was believed to be much higher. More than 61% of the population was fully vaccinated.
    (SFC, 9/6/21, p.A6)

2021        Sep 6, Germany's Foreign Ministry said it has protested to Russia over attempts to steal data from lawmakers in what it suspects may have been preparation to spread disinformation before upcoming elections.
    (AP, 9/6/21)

2021        Sep 9, German prosecutors raided the finance and justice ministries as part of an investigation into the government’s anti-money laundering agency, putting a spotlight on Germany's failings in tackling financial crime.
    (Reuters, 9/9/21)

2021        Sep 10, Germany's vaccine oversight body recommended that women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should be vaccinated against COVID-19 with an mRNA-based shot.
    (Reuters, 9/10/21)
2021        Sep 10, Russian company Gazprom said it had finished construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which will take natural gas to Germany via the Baltic Sea, bypassing Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 9/11/21)

2021        Sep 14, Germany's federal prosecutor said police have arrested a German-Iranian man suspected of exporting equipment to be used in Iran's nuclear and missile programs in breach of European Union sanctions.
    (Reuters, 9/14/21)

2021        Sep 15, It was reported that Pope Francis has rejected the resignation of Stefan Hesse, the archbishop of Hamburg, who offered to step down in March after he was faulted for his handling of sexual abuse in his previous diocese.
    (AP, 9/15/21)

2021        Sep 16, In Germany another case of African swine fever (ASF) was confirmed in a wild boar in the Uckermark region in the eastern state of Brandenburg.
    (AP, 9/16/21)

2021        Sep 18, In Germany a petrol station worker (20) was shot dead after an argument about a face mask in the western town of Idar-Oberstein. The suspect (49) later gave himself up at a police station, saying the coronavirus measures were causing him stress.
    (Reuters, 9/21/21)

2021        Sep 21, A German court ordered the removal of election posters saying "Hang The Greens" placed by a far-right party with suspected links to neo-Nazi groups.
    (Reuters, 9/21/21)
2021        Sep 21, Around 300 protesters stormed Namibia's parliament, as the National Assembly was due to vote on a $1 billion compensation offer from Germany to atone for its 1904-1908 genocide against the Herero and Nama people. Protesters argued the sum was too small and objected that they were not involved in the negotiations.
    (Reuters, 9/21/21)

2021        Sep 22, Germany said it will stop paying compensation to unvaccinated workers who are forced into quarantine by coronavirus measures as it is unfair to ask taxpayers to subsidize those who refuse to get inoculated.
    (Reuters, 9/22/21)

2021        Sep 24, In Germany tens of thousands of environmental activists staged a rally outside of parliament two days before national elections. Across Germany several hundred thousand marchers joined similar protests in more than 400 cities. This was part of a string of global "climate strike" rallies.
    (SFC, 9/25/21, p.A4)

2021        Sep 26, Germans went to the polls in a national election too close to call, with the center-left Social Democrats (SPD) mounting a strong challenge to retiring Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives. The Social Democrats made significant gains, earning 25.7 percent of the vote, but will still need at least one other partner to form a government. Both the Greens and the Free Democrats also increased their share of seats in Parliament, to 14.8 percent and 11.5 percent, respectively.
    (Reuters, 9/26/21)(NY Times, 9/27/21)

2021        Sep 27, German Social Democrat Olaf Scholz vowed to strengthen the European Union and keep up the transatlantic partnership in a three-way coalition government he hopes to form by Christmas to take over from Angela Merkel's conservatives.
    (Reuters, 9/27/21)

2021        Sep 30, In Germany Irmgard Furchner (96), a secretary for the SS commander of the Stutthof concentration camp during World War II, was arrested by police after she fled before the start of her trial. She faced 11,412 counts of accessory to murder.
    (Axios, 9/30/21)

2021        Sep 30, Carmaker Opel, which is part of the Stellantis group, said it will close one of its plants in Germany until at least the end of the year due to chip shortages.
    (Reuters, 9/30/21)
2021        Sep 30, Germany's Merck KGaA and Britain's GlaxoSmithKline ended their collaboration on cancer treatment bintrafusp alfa, once seen as one of Merck's most promising experimental drugs mostly due to disappointing lung cancer trial data.
    (Reuters, 9/30/21)

2021        Oct 1, Ukraine called on the United States and Germany to impose sanctions on Russia's Gazprom, which it accused of using energy as a weapon after the energy giant implemented a transit deal with Hungary that deprives Kyiv of gas supplies.
    (Reuters, 10/1/21)

2021        Oct 5, German chipmaker Infineon Technologies said it plans a 50% hike in investments next year, boosting its shares as it looks to benefit from soaring demand and a global shortage in semiconductors.
    (Reuters, 10/5/21)
2021        Oct 5, The Nobel Prize in Physics went to Syukuro Manabe of Princeton University, Klaus Hasselmann of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany, and Giorgio Parisi of the Sapienza University of Rome, for their work in helping to understand complex systems, including how humanity influences the climate.
    (NY Times, 10/5/21)

2021        Oct 6, Police in Germany carried out large-scale raids in 25 cities, after a chance discovery last year put investigators on the trail of a money-laundering network alleged to have funneled millions in ill-gotten gains abroad. They targeted 67 suspects, including 44 Syrians, 10 Germans, five Jordanians and four Lebanese. 11 people were arrested.
    (AP, 10/6/21)
2021        Oct 6, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Benjamin List, a German chemist and director at the Max Planck Institute for Coal Research in Mülheim an der Ruhr, and David W.C. MacMillan, a Scottish chemist and a professor at Princeton University, for their development of a new tool to build molecules, work that has spurred advances in pharmaceutical research and lessened the impact of chemistry on the environment.
    (NY Times, 10/6/21)
2021        Oct 6, The organization that handles claims on behalf of Jews who suffered under the Nazis said that Germany has agreed to extend compensation to Jewish survivors who endured the World War II siege of Leningrad and two other groups who had not received any monthly pensions from Germany.
    (AP, 10/6/21)
2021        Oct 6, Germany repatriated 23 children and their eight mothers from the Roj camp in northeastern Syria this evening, while Denmark brought back 14 children and three women.
    (AP, 10/6/21)

2021        Oct 9, In Germany climate activist Vanessa Nakate of Uganda visited the vast open-pit, Garzweiler coal mine and a village that is to be bulldozed for its expansion, saying the destruction is “really disturbing" and has implications far beyond Germany.
    (Reuters, 10/9/21)

2021        Oct 11, The German city of Cologne said it will start permitting mosques to broadcast muezzin calls for prayer. The initiative will be limited to two years and then be re-evaluated.
    (AP, 10/11/21)

2021        Oct 12, Germany-based CureVac NV said it will give up on its first-generation COVID-19 vaccine candidate and instead focus on collaborating with GSK to develop improved mRNA vaccine technology.
    (Reuters, 10/12/21)

2022        In Germany all nuclear power plants were expected to be switched off by this time.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, SR p.11)

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