Timeline Gambia

Return to home

Dinar: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Country_Specific/Gambia.html
Government page:
Lonely Planet:

Gambia is on the west coast of Africa, south of Senegal. It is the smallest country in mainland Africa.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(Econ, 8/24/13, p.65)

1455        Some Portuguese had come to The Gambia following the expeditions promoted by Prince Henry. They had introduced groundnuts, tie main cash crop of today, cotton, and some tropical fruits from Brazil. Their number, however, was never large and they were soon absorbed by intermarriage.

1588        The British started trading with the Gambians.

1651        Oct 26, Courlander Gambia was established as a Latvian colony.

1661        Mar 19, English occupied St. Andrew Island and other Courlander possessions in Gambia. They renamed the island James Island with administration by the Royal Adventurers in Africa Company.

1765        May 25, The Gambia was made a part of the British colony of SeneGambia with its headquarters at St. Louis.

1807        Slave trading was abolished and James Island was used to check and stop the illicit traffic in slaves.

1816        The British founded Banjul (Gambia) as a trading post and base for suppressing the slave trade. Captain Alexander Grant obtained the sandy bank of Banjul Island by a treaty from the Chief of Kombo and built the planned city of Bathurst, renamed Banjul in 1973. The British renamed Banjul Island as St. Mary's Island and first named Bathurst after the 3rd Earl Bathurst, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies at the time. The name was changed to Banjul in 1973.

1818        Bathurst (later Banjul) already had a civilian population of 700 by 1818, the year that civil government was begun.

1821        Oct 17, The Gambia became administered as a crown colony from Sierra Leone. Since then Banjul (Bathurst) has been its capital.

1965        Feb 18, Gambia gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.vdiest.nl/gambia.htm)

1970        Apr, The country became a republic and a constitution was enacted.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A9)

1975        May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo and Upper Volta (later Burkina Faso).

1977        Apr 16, Alex Haley (1921-1992) arrived in Juffure, Gambia. He authored “Roots" in 1976.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1981        Jul 30, Senegalese troops aborted an attempt to overthrow the government of Gambia by a paramilitary field force. Pres. Jawara was restored to power.

1994        Jul 23, Gambian soldiers proclaimed a military government in Dakar, Senegal.
    (AP, 7/23/97)

1994        Jul, Yahya Jammeh seized power in Gambia and suspended the 1970 constitution.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A9)

1994        Nov, In Gambia about two dozen military men were executed following a move against dictator Yahya Jammeh.
    (AFP, 4/18/19)

1995        Gambia’s president, Captain Yahya Jammeh, defended the Nigerian government in the hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)

1996        Aug 9, Gambia voters approved a new constitution that gave army ruler Yahya Jammeh the mandate to hold elections.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A9)

1996        Sep 27, In Gambia Yahya Jammeh defeated 3 civilian rivals in national elections. Observers said that the elections were severely flawed. Jammeh’s government had outlawed opposition parties, muzzled the press, forbade meetings between rival candidates and foreign diplomats, and used soldiers to attack opposition rallies.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A11)

1999        Jan 4, In Sierra Leone Nigerian troops repelled a rebel attack on Freetown's airport. Gambia and Mali agreed to send troops to join the Nigerian forces.
    (WSJ, 1/5/99, p.A1)

2000        Apr 10, In Gambia police fired on a student demonstration in Banjul and at least 9 people were killed. The Gambia Students Union was denied a permit to march against the recent death of a high school student allegedly tortured by security members, and the reported rape of a 13-year-old girl by a police officer.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)

2000        Apr 11, In Gambia students set fire to government buildings across the country to protest the killing of 12 people at a demonstration.
    (SFC, 4/12/00, p.A17)

2001        Apr 26, It was reported that a new malaria vaccine, developed by GlaxoSmithKline, would be given to children in Gambia in clinical trials funded by a charity associated with Bill Gates.
    (WSJ, 4/25/01, p.B4)

2002        Sep 26, Over 760 passengers and crew were believed to have perished when the crowded MS Joola, a state-run Senegalese ferry, heaved to its side shortly before midnight in a fierce storm off the coast of Gambia. There were only 62 known survivors. The toll was later raised to nearly 1,000 dead.
    (AP, 9/28/02)(SFC, 9/28/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A18)(WSJ, 9/30/02, p.A1)

2003        Sep, Pres. Jammeh Yahya named Maimuma Taal-Ndure (34) as director general of Gambia’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).
    (WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)

2004        Feb 17, The Gambian president announced the discovery of "large quantities" of oil in his tiny West African nation, saying the offshore find would eliminate poverty and hunger.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2004        Aug, Following efforts by Maimuma Taal-Ndure, Gambia’s director of aviation, Britain removed Gambia from a blacklist allowing Gambian planes to again land in the UK.
    (WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)

2004        Dec, Deyda Hydara, a reporter for Gambian daily The Point, was shot and killed by unidentified gunmen. In 2017 Gambia issued arrests warrants for two suspects.
    (AP, 7/31/06)(AP, 5/19/17)

2005        Jul, In Gambia a group of soldiers captured and killing of over 50 African migrants, including 44 Ghanaians who made the mistake of trying to travel through the country on their way to Europe. This was only made in 2021 following two years of Gambia's proceedings of the Truth, Reconciliation and Reparations Commission (TRRC).
    (BBC, 1/16/21)

2005        Sep 21, Pilots of a chartered jet carrying 289 Gambian soccer fans faked the need for an emergency landing in Peru so passengers could watch their nation's team play a key match.
    (AP, 9/22/05)

2006        Jan 13, Maimuma Taal-Ndure, Gambia’s director of aviation, was arraigned on charges of economic crime, mostly related to the improvement of Banjul Airport. Taal-Ndure had resisted efforts transfer aviation agency funds to another government agency. Her case was dismissed following a trial that stretched over 18 months.
    (WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)

2006        Mar, Gambia police closed the leading opposition paper, The Independent, after it published an article that incorrectly named a former interior minister among 23 people arrested for plotting a coup attempt. The paper printed a front-page retraction the next day, but the story ran up against a harsh new law that mandates prison sentences of at least six months for printing falsehoods. Daba Marena, director general of Gambia’s National Intelligence Agency, was arrested for allegedly taking part in a coup attempt. Amnesty Int’l. later said he may have been “extra-judicially executed." In 2010 US-exiled Musa Saidykhan, former editor of The Independent, asked a regional court to order his government to pay him two million dollars in damages for alleged torture over the botched coup story.
    (AP, 7/31/06)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)(AFP, 6/3/10)

2006        Jul 1, In Gambia a summit of more than 50 African leaders opened with the aim of pursuing regional integration, but conflicts in Darfur and Somalia are inevitably topping the agenda. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez called on Africa to forge closer ties with Latin America to combat what he called a threat of U.S. hegemony.
    (AFP, 7/1/06)(Reuters, 7/1/06)

2006        Jul 2, Africa's leaders meeting in Gambia agreed to send troops to Somalia to support regional efforts at calming the chaotic east African state.
    (Reuters, 7/2/06)

2006        Sep 22, Voters in Gambia went to the polls in a presidential election widely expected to hand incumbent strongman Yahya Jammeh a third elected term.
    (AP, 9/22/06)

2006        Sep 23, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh easily won a third term and called for a concerted effort to develop the country socially and economically.
    (AP, 9/23/06)

2006        Dec 13, The parliament of Gambia, one of the world's poorest countries, passed a law to give former presidents free foreign holidays, cars and personal staff for life after they leave office. 60% of Gambia’s people live on less than $1 (50 pence) a day.
    (AP, 12/13/06)

2007        Feb 22, Gambia expelled Fadzai Gwaradzimba, the UN chief representative in the country, after she expressed doubts over President Yahya Jammeh's claims to cure AIDS. Jammeh had claimed to have mystical powers and herbs to treat HIV/AIDS and asthma within three days.
    (www.aegis.com/news/afp/2007/AF070285.html)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.54)

2007        Oct 6, Gambia arrested 2 senior Amnesty International officials on suspicion of spying. Tania Bernath, Amnesty International's deputy director for Africa and an advocacy officer Ameen Ayobele, were arrested in the eastern town of Basse after they visited an opposition politician who has been held in detention for more than a year. Yaya Dath, a journalist with the country's privately-owned daily Foroyaa, who was traveling with the London-based Bernath, a British-American national and Ayobele, a Nigerian, was also arrested. All 3 were released on bail on Oct 8.
    (AFP, 10/8/07)(AFP, 10/8/07)

2008        May 15, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh ordered homosexuals to leave the country and in a televised speech threatened to cut off the head of anyone discovered to be gay.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 1, In Liberia at least eight people suffocated at an overcrowded stadium during a soccer match between Liberia and Gambia.

2008        Aug 12, Security forces in Gambia arrested Rear Adm. Bubo Na Tchuto, the suspected leader of an alleged plot to topple the government in nearby Guinea-Bissau.
    (AP, 8/12/08)

2008        Nov 29, In Gambia British missionary David Fulton (60) and his wife (46) were arrested for alleged sedition. Fiona Fulton was released in December, 2009. David Fulton was freed in 2010 after serving nearly two years for sedition.
    (http://tinyurl.com/8ftt3c)(AP, 9/11/10)

2009        Mar 18, Amnesty international said authorities in Gambia have rounded up about 1,000 people and forced them to drink hallucinogens in a witch-hunting campaign. Authorities began inviting "witch doctors," who combat witches, to come from nearby Guinea soon after the death earlier this year of President Yahya Jammeh’s aunt. The concoctions left six people dead.
    (AP, 3/18/09)(AFP, 7/18/11)

2009        Jun 15, In Gambia seven journalists were detained after criticizing the nation's president, who has ruled the tiny country since a 1994 coup.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Sep 21, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh warned that anyone who sought to destabilize the tiny west African nation would be killed.
    (AP, 9/21/09)

2009        Nov 22, Iranian Pres. Ahmadinejad arrived in Gambia for a 24-hour working visit aimed at fostering relations between the Islamic republic and the West African nation.
    (AFP, 11/22/09)

2010        Jan 7, Kenya deported Sheik Abdullah el-Faisal, a Jamaican-born radical Muslim cleric, to Gambia after several countries, including the United States, denied him a transit visa. Kenya's immigration minister said Gambian authorities have agreed to help el-Faisal find his way home to Jamaica.
    (AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Feb 26, Sierra Leone and five other west African countries (Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia and Guinea) signed onto an action plan in Freetown for sustainable mangrove management.
    (AFP, 2/27/10)

2010        Oct 19, The UN said that 377 people had died in flooding in central and west Africa, with nearly 1.5 million people affected since the start of the rainy season in June. The highest toll was in Nigeria with 118, followed by Ghana (52), Sudan (50), Benin (43), Chad (24), Mauritania (21), Burkina Faso (16), Cameroon (13), Gambia (12), with other countries reporting less than 10 dead.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 28, Israeli officials said that the military-grade armaments seized at a shipping terminal in Nigeria came from Iran and were bound for the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip. On Oct 30 an international shipping company said the weapons cache originally came from Iran. Last week, the Iranian shipper filed a request for the containers to be picked up again and this time shipped to the West African nation of Gambia. On Feb 1, 2011, Azim Aghajani of Iran and his alleged accomplice, Nigerian national Usman Abbas Jega, both maintained their innocence against three charges over the shipment.
    (AP, 10/28/10)(AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 2/1/11)

2010        Nov 22, A Gambian Foreign Ministry statement was issued giving Iranian government officials 48 hours to leave the country. The next day a senior Gambian security official said the move was linked to Nigeria's recent seizure of arms sent from Iran which were allegedly destined for Gambia.
    (AP, 11/23/10)

2011        Feb 8, Hussein Abdullahi, Iran's ambassador to Nigeria, said that he had spoken to senior officials of the Nigerian government as soon as an arms shipment was seized last Oct 26 and told them that the intercepted cargo was the third of four Gambia-bound shipments originating from Iran.
    (AP, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 9, Hussein Abdullahi, Iran's ambassador to Nigeria, said that a Gambia-bound arms shipment seized at Nigeria's busiest port three months ago did not breach sanctions imposed by the UN, because Iran and Gambia had signed a secret agreement two years before the UN's 2010 ban on Iranian arms exports.
    (AP, 2/10/11)

2011        Apr 22, Gambia said it wants the Libyan ambassador loyal to Moammar Gadhafi to leave and declared its support for the Benghazi-based rebel council.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2011        May 9, The Gambian high court granted an application allowing the government to seize millions of dollars worth of Libyan assets "until a government recognized by the United Nations is in place in Libya."
    (AFP, 5/9/11)

2011        Jun 7, In Gambia former communications minister Amadou Janneh, a US national, was arrested along with others for "conspiring among themselves to carry out an enterprise with force with the intent to usurp the executive powers of the state."
    (AFP, 7/20/11) 

2011        Jul 18, Gambian Pres. Yahya Jammeh (46) said that neither the upcoming November presidential election nor a military coup, but only God, could unseat him from power.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 19, Gambian prosecutors charged Ndey Tapha Sosseh, the former president of the Gambia Press Union, with treason for attempting to overthrow the government of President Yahya Jammeh. She was currently living in exile in Mali.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Oct 12, A Gambian court sentenced eight foreigners to 50 years in prison for trafficking cocaine worth a billion dollars. They included 4 Venezuelans, 2 Dutchmen, a Mexican and a Nigerian. Another accused Venezuelan died before the judgment.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)

2011        Nov 24, Gambia, continental Africa's smallest country, held elections. Voters popped a glass marble into a colored drum representing their candidate. President Yahya Jammeh (46) was widely expected to win a fourth term in office. The 15-nation Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) withdrew from observing the poll after a fact-finding mission. Jammeh won with 72% of the vote.  
    (AFP, 11/24/11)(SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)

2011        Dec 12, International Criminal Court (ICC) member states, meeting at The Hague, unanimously elected Fatou Bensouda of Gambia as the new chief prosecutor for the main genocide and war crimes tribunal.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)

2012        Jan 7, In Gambia Mamadou Jallow, a reporter with the privately owned The Daily News, was arrested. 3 days later he was charged with defaming a local chief in the Central River Region. Jallow had interviewed local farmers who accused chief Mamadou Lamin Baldeh of mismanaging public assets.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 17, Gambia's High Court sentenced Amadou Janneh, the former information minister, to life imprisonment for conspiring to overthrow the ruler of 17 years with T-shirts demanding an end to dictatorship. 3 others were sentenced to three years' imprisonment.
    (AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Feb 2, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh dissolved his cabinet, two months after he was reelected to a fourth term as the head of Africa mainland's smallest country.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)

2012        Mar 5, Gambia's Supreme Court upheld a request by the government to lift economic sanctions imposed on Libyan assets during the toppled regime of Moamer Kadhafi. The move restores tens of millions of dollars (euros) in property invested by the Libyan Arab African Investment Company (LAAICO) in Gambia to the ruling National Transitional Council in Tripoli.
    (AFP, 3/5/12)

2012        Mar 29, Gambians began voting in parliamentary elections boycotted by the opposition which has accused the ruling party of abusing the system to tip the poll in its favor. The election only took place in 23 of the 48 constituencies as the remaining 25 parliamentary seats held by the ruling Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC) went unopposed due to the boycott.
    (AFP, 3/29/12)

2012        Apr 21, Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh warned foreign diplomats his country would not be "bribed" with aid to accept homosexuality.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)

2012        May 22, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh issued a harsh warning to criminals in the tiny African nation, telling security chiefs to "shoot first and ask questions later."
    (AFP, 5/23/12)

2012        Jun 15, Gambia's Fatou Bensouda (51) was sworn as the International Criminal Court's new chief prosecutor, saying she was ready to lead the fight against the world's worst war criminals.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)

2012        Aug 19, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh told his people that by the middle of September all those already sentenced to death for crimes will be executed.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)

2012        Aug 24, Gambia executed nine convicted criminals. Amnesty International warned that dozens more on death-row were under imminent threat as the West African nation carries out its first death sentences in 27 years.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)

2012        Sep 15, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh issued a statement saying that has he suspended the imminent executions of 37 inmates sentenced to death, as long as violent crime does not rise in Gambia.
    (AP, 9/15/12)

2012        Dec 3, Gambia detained Imam Baba Leigh. Media reports linked his arrest with comments he made in August 2012 in which he described the executions of nine people carried out by the government as "un-Islamic." Leigh was released on May 10, 2013.
    (AP, 5/11/13)

2012-2013    In Gambia funds from a dollar bank account in the name of the Jammeh Foundation for Peace, a charity founded by President Yahya Jammeh, flowed to Jammeh himself, not to foundation projects, according to bank records and interviews in 2017 with a former charity official and a former presidential staff member.
    (Reuters, 2/24/17)

2013        Sep 27, Gambia's Pres. Yahya Jammeh warned the UN General Assembly that gays were a threat to human existence, along with excessive greed and obsession with world domination, and criticized other countries for regarding homosexuality as a human right.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Oct 2, The Gambian government announced that the former British colony is pulling out of the Commonwealth with immediate effect, saying it would "never be a member of any neo-colonial institution."
    (AFP, 10/3/13)

2013        Nov 14, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh announced a break off of diplomatic relations with Taiwan after 18 years. The move was greeted with "shock and regret" by Taipei, which is now recognised by just 22 nations.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)

2013        Dec 18, Gambia jailed United Democratic Party treasurer Amadou Sanneh, a leading opposition politician, for sedition after he helped two supporters planning to flee to Finland.
    (AFP, 12/18/13)

2013        Gambia’s population was about 1.8 million.
    (Econ, 8/24/13, p.65)

2014        Feb 18, Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh called homosexuals "vermin."
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)

2014        Aug, The government of Gambia brought in fresh anti-gay legislation.
    (Econ, 10/11/14, p.27)

2014        Oct 9, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh signed into law a bill that calls for life imprisonment for some homosexual acts.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A2)

2014        Dec 10, A group of Gambian diplomats were jailed after being found guilty of running a huge tax-dodging tobacco operation out of the Gambian embassy in London. Yusupha Bojang (54), was identified as the ringleader of the operation, ordering half-a-million packets of tax-free rolling tobacco over three years and selling it out of the west London building.
    (AFP, 12/10/14)

2014        Dec 23, The US White House announced Gambia's termination as a beneficiary of the African Growth and Opportunity Act in response to human rights abuses, including a law signed in October that imposes life imprisonment for some homosexual acts.   
    (AP, 12/25/14)

2014        Dec 30, In Gambia gunfire erupted around the presidential palace in Banjul overnight and soldiers blocked a bridge leading to the center of town but the government denied reports of an attempted coup. President Yahya Jammeh (40) was on a private visit to Dubai. 3 suspects including the alleged ringleader, identified as Lamin Sanneh, were killed.
    (Reuters, 12/30/14)(AFP, 1/1/15)

2014        Gambia devoted 23% of its revenue to debt service. This was up from 15% in 2009.
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.64)

2015        Jan 1, A Gambia military source said four officers suspected of participating in a failed military coup against strongman President Yahya Jammeh have taken refuge in Guinea-Bissau. Dozens of military personnel and civilians were arrested and a large cache of weapons and explosives were found after the alleged coup attempt.
    (AFP, 1/1/15)

2015        Jan 5, The US Justice Department said it has charged two men, Cherno Njie (57) and Papa Faal (46), for their involvement in the failed Dec. 30 attempt to overthrow the government of Gambia.
    (Reuters, 1/5/15)

2015        Mar 30, Gambia sentenced three soldiers to death after a secret trial in which they were convicted of participating in a December 30 attempted coup. Three other soldiers received life sentences.
    (SFC, 4/2/15, p.A2)

2015        May 19, Gambia's government said it is willing to resettle Muslim Rohingya migrants stranded at sea after fleeing predominantly Buddhist Myanmar.
    (AP, 5/20/15)

2015        May, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh said he would slit the throats of men who wanted to marry other men in the small West African nation.
    (AFP, 5/16/15)

2015        Jun 27, The Gambian government withdrew an expulsion order for Gambian-Lebanese multi-millionaire Hussein Tajudeen, a former close friend of President Yahya Jammeh. He had been ordered to leave the country earlier this month for unacceptable business practices that are detrimental to the Gambian economy.
    (AP, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun, Gambia dictator Yahya Jammeh allegedly drugged and raped Toufah Jallow, angry that she had turned down his marriage proposal. Jallow soon fled Gambia, fearing for her life. In 2019 she held a press conference to share her account via social media and in a human rights report. In 2021 she released her memoir: “Toufah: The Woman Who Inspired an African #MeToo Movement," written with journalist Kim Pattaway.
    (AP, 10/17/21)

2015        Jul 17, Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh warned that death row inmates should expect to have their sentences implemented, apparently signalling an end to a three-year unofficial moratorium on executions.
    (AFP, 7/18/15)

2015        Jul 24, Gambia released more than 200 prisoners, including 31 jailed for treason during multiple plots to overthrow long-ruling President Yahya Jammeh.
    (Reuters, 7/25/15)

2015        Nov 25, Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh advocated banning female genital mutilation, giving hope to human rights activists who are urging Gambia to adopt a law against the practice.
    (AP, 11/26/15)

2015        Dec 11, Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh declared the formerly secular country an Islamic republic in a move he said was designed to distance the West African state further from its colonial past.
    (Reuters, 12/12/15)

2015        Dec 28, Gambian lawmakers passed a bill criminalizing female circumcision and introducing prison terms of up to three years for anyone flouting the ban.
    (AFP, 12/29/15)

2016        Jan 13, Gambia's government lifted a recent directive stating that all female staff with the government must cover their hair during office hours.
    (AP, 1/14/16)

2016        Mar 17, China established diplomatic ties with Gambia, once a Taiwan ally.
    (Econ, 3/26/15, p.46)

2016        Jun, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh announced that child marriage is now banned with immediate effect, punishable by 20 years in prison for both the husband and parents of the girl being married. Gambia became the 13th nation in Africa to join the African Union's (AU) campaign to end child marriage.
    (Reuters, 7/8/16)

2016        Aug 19, In Gambia local party official Ebrima Solo Krummah, who was detained in May during a rare protest, died after being hospitalised and undergoing an operation in the second such case in five months.
    (AFP, 8/23/16)

2016        Dec 1, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh faced the strongest electoral challenge of his 22-year rule as voters went to the polls, braving an internet and phone blackout the government defended as a security measure. Opposition candidate Adama Barrow pulled off a stunning victory, comfortably winning the presidential election and putting an end to the 22-year rule of Yahya Jammeh.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)(AFP, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 5, A Gambian court freed a prominent lawyer and 18 other political prisoners on bail pending an appeal of their jail sentence for "unlawful assembly", in a sign that President Yahya Jammeh's shock election defeat last week could end years of repression.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)

2016        Dec 9, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh declared he no longer accepted the results of the December 1 vote. Jammeh cited "unacceptable errors" by election authorities and called for new polls.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 10, Gambian President-elect Adama Barrow called on longtime leader Yahya Jammeh (51) to drop his challenge to last week's election and appealed for calm following the dramatic political U-turn.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 13, African leaders urged Gambia's long-ruling President Yahya Jammeh to respect the will of the people and step down following his defeat in an election.
    (Reuters, 12/13/16)

2016        Dec 17, In Nigeria African leaders at the 50th summit of the 15-member Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) called for a swift resolution of the political impasse in Gambia after disputed elections in which long-term president Yahya Jammeh is refusing to concede defeat.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)

2016        Dec 20, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh vowed to stay in power when his mandate ends in January, defying calls from West African leaders to hand over to the winner of a Dec. 1 election.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)

2016        Dec 23, Marcel de Souza, the president of the Economic Community of West African States, said West African leaders will send troops into Gambia if its longtime ruler who lost elections does not step down next month.
    (AP, 12/23/16)

2016        Dec 29, Gambia's president ordered the electoral commission building taken over by police on December 13 to reopen, saying it had been shut for safety reasons. Gambia is facing prolonged political deadlock as Pres. Jammeh has said he will await a Supreme Court ruling, delayed until January 10, before ceding power.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)

2016        Dec 31, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh accused the West African regional bloc ECOWAS of declaring war after demanding that he stand down following his defeat at the ballot box.
    (AFP, 1/1/17)

2016        Michael Sang Correa, a Gambian member of a feared paramilitary unit known as the "Junglers," entered the US as bodyguard for Gambia's vice-president on a trip to the UN but did not return home. In 2020 Correa (41) was arrested in Denver and charged with torturing political prisoners in his home country following a failed coup in 2006.
    (BBC, 6/12/20)
2016        The population of Gambia was about 1.9 million.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.49)

2017        Jan 1, Gambian security agents closed three private radio stations near the capital, Banjul, amid an escalating political crisis triggered by President Yahya Jammeh's refusal to accept his election defeat.
    (Reuters, 1/2/17)

2017        Jan 4, The Gambia's army chief reaffirmed his loyalty to Pres. Yahya Jammeh despite the threat of a regional military intervention if the strongman refuses to step down.
    (AFP, 1/4/17)

2017        Jan 9, A Gambian foreign ministry source said President Yahya Jammeh has fired 12 ambassadors after they called for him to step aside and allow opposition leader Adama Barrow to take power.
    (AFP, 1/9/17)

2017        Jan 17, Gambian Pres. Jammeh declared a state of emergency, after refusing to hand power to opposition leader Adama Barrow who won an election on Dec. 1.
    (Reuters, 1/17/17)
2017        Jan 17, It was reported that Morocco has offered Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh asylum in return for accepting election defeat and stepping down.
    (AFP, 1/17/17)

2017        Jan 18, Gambia's parliament has passed a resolution to allow President Yahya Jammeh to stay in office for another three months, as the veteran leader showed no sign of preparing to hand over power and Senegal moved soldiers towards the border.
    (Reuters, 1/18/17)
2017        Jan 18, Senegal presented a draft resolution to the UN Security Council seeking support for ECOWAS efforts to press Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh to step down. At least 26,000 people have fled Gambia into Senegal fearing President Yahya Jammeh's decision to stay in power.
    (AFP, 1/18/17)(AP, 1/18/17)

2017        Jan 19, Gambian president-elect Adama Barrow was sworn in at the country's embassy in Senegal, as African troops massed at the border to force incumbent Yahya Jammeh to quit after his election defeat.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)

2017        Jan 20, Gambia's army chief General Ousman Badjie said that he recognized new President Adama Barrow as the new commander-and-chief and would not fight a regional force poised to depose Yahya Jammeh, who has refused to step down.
    (Reuters, 1/20/17)

2017        Jan 21, Gambia’s defeated leader Yahya Jammeh announced that he has decided to relinquish power.
    (SFC, 1/21/17, p.A4)

2017        Jan 22, In Gambia West African troops were seen approaching the capital, Banjul, as they sought to secure the country and allow new President Adama Barrow to take office. Dictator Yahya Jammeh fled Gambia overnight en route to Equatorial Guinea as the regional force was poised to remove him.
    (Reuters, 1/22/17)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.41)
2017        Jan 22, Equatorial Guinea's opposition denounced the government's decision to welcome exiled Gambian President Yahya Jammeh, who flew to the Central African nation over the weekend after 22 years in power. A special adviser to Gambia’s Pres. Barrow accused Jammeh of plundering state coffers for $11 million and shipping out luxury vehicles by cargo plane prior to his departure.
    (AP, 1/23/17)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.41)

2017        Jan 24, Gambia's parliament revoked a state of emergency imposed last week by former President Yahya Jammeh shortly before he fled into exile, as the tiny West African country slowly recovered from its political crisis.
    (Reuters, 1/24/17)

2017        Jan 26, An aircraft carrying Gambian President Adama Barrow arrived in the capital Banjul, days after his predecessor Yahya Jammeh fled into exile under pressure from regional forces.
    (Reuters, 1/26/17)

2017        Jan 28, Gambian President Adama Barrow said that every aspect of his tiny west African state would need an overhaul after ex-leader Yahya Jammeh's 22-year rule, but that its dread secret police would remain.
    (AFP, 1/28/17)

2017        Feb 9, The European Union announced aid worth 225 million euros ($240 million) for Gambia as President Adama Barrow warned that the nation was "virtually bankrupt" due to economic mismanagement by the former regime.
    (AFP, 2/9/17)

2017          Feb 10, The United Nations received a notice from Gambia reversing its withdrawal from the International Criminal Court.
            (AP, 2/14/17)

2017        Feb 18, Thousands of Gambians gathered at Independence Stadium to witness the official inauguration of President Adama Barrow and celebrate the country’s independence anniversary. Barrow said orders have already been given for all those detained without trial to be released.
    (AP, 2/19/17)

2017        Feb 19, Gambian police arrested 51 people in a former stronghold of ex-president Yahya Jammeh for harassing followers of new leader Adama Barrow, amid lingering tensions following Jammeh's flight into exile.
    (Reuters, 2/20/17)

2017        Mar 28, A Gambian boy (16) was rescued by a Spanish frigate after a rubber boat packed with 147 migrants sank in the Mediterranean shortly after leaving Libya a few days earlier. The sole survivor was transferred to an Italian Coast Guard ship. 140 others disembarked at a different port March 30 and several identified the boy as having been on the same boat. Aid groups said this reduced the death toll to five.
    (Reuters, 3/29/17)(Reuters, 3/31/17)

2017        Apr 6, Gambians voted in the first election since longtime leader Yahya Jammeh left power, with opposition parties set to gain seats after being left in the cold for years during what was tantamount to one-party rule. Pres. Adama Barrow’s United Democratic Party (UDP) won 31 of the 53 available elected seats in the country's National Assembly. Jammeh's Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC) shrank from 43 elected seats to five.
    (AFP, 4/6/17)(AFP, 4/7/17)

2017        May 3, Swiss authorities extended the detention of Ousman Sonko, Gambia's former interior minister, for another three months amid an investigation into accusations he committed crimes against humanity while serving in the African country's government.
    (Reuters, 5/3/17)

2017        May 18, A Gambian court issued international arrest warrants late today for former Colonel Kawsu Camara and Major Sanna Manjang. They are suspected of murdering journalist Deyda Hydara in 2004 during the rule of former president Yahya Jammeh, who fled into exile in January after 22 years of power marred by alleged human rights abuses.
    (Reuters, 5/19/17)

2018        Feb 8, The Gambia was readmitted to the Commonwealth, welcomed back following the democratic election of President Adama Barrow, who reversed the shock pullout of 2013.
    (AFP, 2/8/18)

2018        Feb 18, Gambia's Pres. Adama Barrow declared a moratorium on the death penalty, calling it a "first step toward abolition," while addressing a large crowd gathered for the country's independence anniversary.
    (AP, 2/19/18)

2018        Oct 15, Gambia swore in an 11-member commission tasked with shedding light on summary executions, disappearances, torture, rape and other crimes under ousted dictator Yahya Jammeh.
    (AFP, 10/15/18)

2018        Nov 5, France gave 30 million euros ($34 million) of aid to Gambia as part of efforts to support its democratic transition and ensure stability in a region Paris deems vital to its interests.
    (Reuters, 11/5/18)

2018        Gambia got the backing of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to take Myanmar to the UN's Int'l. Court of Justice (ICJ).
    (Econ., 1/2/21, p.46)

2019        Jan 7, In Gambia a truth commission began hearing witness testimony as it set about investigating rights violations committed by the regime of Yahya Jammeh.
    (AFP, 1/7/19)

2019        Mar 27, A report by the investigative group Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project said Gambia's ex-President Yahya Jammeh looted the tiny West African nation of $1 billion through fear and privilege during his 22 years in power, an amount more than 10 times higher than originally estimated by the new government, leaving the country in lingering debt. The $1 billion was used to finance his lavish lifestyle and is believed to still support him in his exile in Equatorial Guinea.
    (AP, 3/28/19)

2019        Jun 26, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said former Gambian president Yahya Jammeh "handpicked" women whom he would rape or sexually coerce, offering cash, gifts and other privileges in exchange.
    (AFP, 6/26/19)

2019        Nov 11, Gambia filed a case at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) accusing Myanmar of committing genocide against its Rohingya Muslim minority, drawing praise from human rights groups and Rohingya activists. The Gambia filed the lawsuit on behalf of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, a coalition of 57 countries with significant Muslim populations.
    (Reuters, 11/11/19)

2019        Dec 9, Canada and the Netherlands put out a joint statement in support of Gambia, the tiny, mainly Muslim West African country that filed the suit in which the Buddhist-majority Myanmar is accused of genocide against its Rohingya Muslim minority a day before genocide hearings begin at the International Court of Justice in The Hague.
    (Reuters, 12/9/19)

2020        Jan 10, The United Nations said seven countries -- Lebanon, Yemen, Venezuela, Central African Republic, Gambia, Lesotho and Tonga -- have fallen behind in their financial contributions and would not be able to in the 74th session of the General Assembly.
    (AFP, 1/11/20)

2020        Mar 18, Gambia announced its first coronavirus case.
    (AP, 3/18/20)

2020        May 29, In Georgia Momodou Lamin Sisay (39), the son of a Gambia diplomat, was shot by police after a car chase. The police said he had produced a gun. Gambia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs soon called for an investigation.
    (AP, 6/3/20)

2020        Jul 8, It was reported that China has imported more than 300,000 tons of West African rosewood (Pterocarpus erinaceus) from The Gambia since President Adama Barrow came to power in 2017. The rosewood being shipped out of The Gambia to China comes from the Casamance region of southern Senegal, where it is illegal to fell or export a rosewood tree.
    (BBC, 7/8/20)

2020        Jul 15, US authorities alleged in a lawsuit that former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh used bribery proceeds and stolen government funds to buy a mansion in a suburb of Washington, DC, as they sought to seize the property. Jammeh reportedly acquired at least 281 properties during his time in office and operated more than 100 private bank accounts directly or through companies or foundations in which he has shares or an interest.
    (AP, 7/16/20)

2020        Sep 16, It was reported that the US has imposed sanctions on The Gambia's former First Lady Zineb Jammeh after accusing her of corruption during her husband Yahya Jammeh's rule. She was suspected to have helped him in the illegal transfer of money, and controlled his assets abroad.
    (BBC, 9/16/20)

2021        Jan 14, Gambia said it has recorded its first two cases of the highly infectious coronavirus variant first found in Britain, in what appears to be the first confirmation of the variant's presence in Africa.
    (Reuters, 1/14/20)

2021        Nov 25, Investigators with Gambia’s Truth, Reconciliation and Reparations Commission delivered a final report to the president Thursday, identifying and recommending prosecution for those most responsible for crimes and human rights abuses committed during the 22-year rule of former President Yahya Jammeh.
    (AP, 11/25/21)

2021        Dec 4, Gambians cast their votes for president using a unique voting system - marbles dropped into each candidate's ballot drum. President Adama Barrow comfortably won re-election, though he may face a legal challenge from opposition candidates who rejected the results because of unspecified irregularities.
    (Reuters, 12/4/21)(Reuters, 12/5/21)

2021        Dec 6, Gambian police fired tear gas to disperse supporters of losing presidential candidate Ousainou Darboe who had taken to the streets outside the capital Banjul to contest the re-election of President Adama Barrow.
    (Reuters, 12/6/21)

2021        Dec 24, A Gambian truth and reconciliation commission said in a published report that former President Yahya Jammeh was responsible for a spree of killings, torture and rapes during his 22-year rule over the tiny West African nation.
    (Reuters, 12/24/21)

2021        Dec 28, Gambia's Supreme Court dismissed a legal challenge to President Adama Barrow's recent election victory, ruling that the petition had not followed proper procedure.
    (Reuters, 12/28/21)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Subject = Gambia
End of file