Timeline European Union: Common Market (B) 2021-Present

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The EU was initially formed as an economic trading block. It has continued to grow and develop as a broad-based social entity with open internal borders. May 9 is Europe Day.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.55)

2021        Jan 4, It was reported that some EU specialist online retailers have said they will no longer deliver to the UK because of tax changes which came into force on 1 January.
    (AP, 1/4/21)

2021        Jan 5, The European Union said it would redouble its efforts to save the Iran nuclear agreement despite what it calls Tehrans important breach of commitments made in the 2015 deal by starting to enrich uranium to new levels.
    (AP, 1/5/21)
2021        Jan 5,  Portugal started consultations with other European Union countries to find common ground for a new policy on migration, which has caused humanitarian crises and deep political divisions in the bloc over how to respond.
    (AP, 1/5/21)

2021        Jan 6, Thirteen of the EU's foreign ministers said in a joint letter to the bloc's executive saying the EU should send coronavirus vaccines to its Balkan neighbors and do more to combat the virus in Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 1/6/21)

2021        Jan 8, The European Union's drug agency approved doctors drawing one more dose from each vial of the coronavirus vaccine made by Pfizer-BioNTech, in a move that combined with the purchase of 300 million extra shots of the serum could speed up the pace of vaccinations in the 27-nation bloc.
    (AP, 1/8/21)
2021        Jan 8, European Commission Ursula von der Leyen said EU countries are not allowed to negotiate separate vaccine deals with pharmaceutical companies in parallel to the efforts of the European Union as a whole.
    (Reuters, 1/8/21)
2021        Jan 8, Data published by the EU climate monitoring service said 2020 was the warmest year in Europe since records began.
    (AP, 1/8/21)

2021        Jan 14, Europes top human rights court (ECHR) agreed to look into Ukraines complaint against alleged human rights violations in the Russia-annexed Crimean Peninsula.
    (AP, 1/14/20)

2021        Jan 15, The European Union's drug regulator said that COVID-19 vaccine documents stolen from its servers in a cyberattack have been not only leaked to the web, but manipulated" by hackers.
    (AP, 1/15/21)
2021        Jan 15, US pharmaceutical company Pfizer confirmed it will temporarily reduce deliveries to Europe of its COVID-19 vaccine while it upgrades production capacity to 2 billion doses per year.
    (AP, 1/15/21)

2021        Jan 19, The European Unions top migration official criticized Bosnian authorities for failing to properly care for hundreds of migrants living in sub-zero temperatures on its territory, warning the Balkans country of its obligations if it hopes to join the EU.
    (AP, 1/19/21)

2021        Jan 20, The EU's executive Commission said it has issued fines to Valve Corp., owner of a US video game platform and five game makers, after they blocked players from buying cheaper copies of the games in other countries in the bloc.
    (AP, 1/20/21)

2021        Jan 21, Europe's top human rights court found Russia responsible for a swath of violations in Georgia's breakaway regions after the 2008 Russia-Georgia war. Georgia hailed the verdict by the European Court of Human Rights as a major victory.
    (AP, 1/21/21)
2021        Jan 21, EU government officials said Pfizer has slashed in half the volume of COVID-19 vaccines it will deliver to some EU countries this week, as frustration over the US drugmaker's unexpected cut in supplies grows.
    (Reuters, 1/21/21)
2021        Jan 21, Europe's disease surveillance agency said that the three mutant variants of the coronavirus that emerged in Britain, South Africa and Brazil pose a high risk in Europe as they have led to increased transmissibility.
    (Reuters, 1/21/21)

2021        Jan 22, EU Council President Charles Michel told Russian President Vladimir Putin by telephone to release opposition politician Alexei Navalny and insisted on an investigation into his August poisoning.
    (AP, 1/22/21)

2021        Jan 25, The EU said it will require pharmaceutical companies producing COVID-19 vaccines inside the bloc to register in advance any exports of doses to third countries.
    (Reuters, 1/25/21)

2021        Jan 27, European Union police and judicial agencies Europol and Eurojust said that investigators took control of infrastructure behind a botnet called EMOTET. A botnet is a network of hijacked computers used to carry out cyberattacks. The malware was first discovered in 2014 and evolved into the go-to solution for cybercriminals over the years.
    (AP, 1/27/21)

2021        Jan 28, Qualcomm lost its fight against a data demand from EU antitrust regulators after Europe's top court reaffirmed the regulators' right to see it, in a case that has already landed the company a 242-million-euro ($292.60 million) fine.
    (Reuters, 1/28/21)
2021        Jan 28, The European Union's drugs regulator approved the AstraZeneca Covid vaccine after the pharma giant published its contract with the EU, amid a row over whether it broke its vaccine commitments.
    (The Telegraph, 1/28/21)

2021        Jan 29, The European Union introduced tighter rules on exports of COVID-19 vaccines that could hit shipments to nations like the United Kingdom, deepening a dispute with London over scarce supplies of potentially lifesaving shots.
    (AP, 1/29/21)

2021        Jan, Exports from Britain to the European Union reportedly fell by 68% this month as trade was disrupted after the end of a transition period following Britain's departure from the EU.
    (Reuters, 2/7/21)

2021        Feb 2, Politicians in Britain, Northern Ireland and the European Union condemned threats against border staff that prompted authorities to suspend checks at ports and underscored the tremors Brexit has sent through Northern Ireland's peace process.
    (AP, 2/2/21)

2021        Feb 10, The EU police agency Europol said police have arrested 10 people in the UK, Belgium and Malta for allegedly hijacking mobile phones belonging to US celebrities including internet influencers, sports stars and musicians to steal personal information and millions in cryptocurrency.
    (AP, 2/10/21)

2021        Feb 11, The EU and the World Health Organization said they would spend 40 million euros ($48.48 million) over three years to ensure better access to COVID-19 vaccines in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 2/11/21)

2021        Feb 17, Europe's top human rights court ordered Russia to release jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny, a ruling that will be unlikely to soften the Kremlin's determination to isolate its most prominent foe.
    (AP, 2/17/21)

2021        Feb 18, The European Union took an important step toward fining Hungary for refusing to lift restrictions on the financing of non-governmental organizations from abroad.
    (AP, 2/18/21)
2021        Feb 18, It was reported that health authorities in some European countries are facing resistance to AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine after side-effects led hospital staff and other front-line workers to call in sick, putting extra strain on already-stretched services.
    (Reuters, 2/18/21)

2021        Feb 19, The European Commission said Britain's data protection laws were in line with the European Union's despite Brexit and it would start a process to allow a continued flow of police and financial data from the EU to Britain for the next 4 years.
    (Reuters, 2/19/21)
2021        Feb 19, It was reported that the European Union has agreed to pay about 870 million euros ($1.06 billion) for its supply of 300 million doses of AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine and to receive them by June. The contract was signed on Aug. 27, 2020. AstraZeneca revised down the timetable last month because of production issues, leading to a bitter fight with the EU over delayed supplies.
    (Reuters, 2/19/21)

2021        Feb 22, The EU imposed sanctions on 19 more officials in Venezuela accused of undermining democracy or rights abuses in the crisis-torn South American country. A total of 55 Venezuelan officials are now subject to EU sanctions.
    (AP, 2/22/21)

2021        Feb 23, An EU official said AstraZeneca expects to deliver less than half the COVID-19 vaccines it was contracted to supply the European Union in the second quarter.
    (Reuters, 2/23/21)
2021        Feb 23, It was reported that Israeli, Palestinian, Qatari and European interests have converged in recent weeks with the aim of getting gas flowing to Gaza in 2023.
    (AP, 2/23/21)

2021        Feb 28, Iran rejected an offer by the European Union to set up direct talks with the United States on reviving a nuclear deal with Tehran.
    (WSJ, 2/28/21)

2021        Mar 2, The EU imposed sanctions on four senior Russian officials over the jailing of opposition leader Alexei Navalny, President Vladimir Putins most high-profile political foe.
    (AP, 3/2/21)

2021        Mar 3, Hungary's PM Viktor Orban pulled his party Fidesz out of the largest political group in the European Parliament before they could be expelled over EU concerns over Budapests respect for democracy and the rule of law. The EPPs 180 members voted by 148 to 28 in favor of the new rules, with four abstentions
    (The Telegraph, 3/3/21)

2021        Mar 4, The European Court of Justice said the UK has "systematically and persistently" broken air pollution laws in its first ruling against the UK since Brexit.
    (The Telegraph, 3/4/21)
2021        Mar 4, It was reported that a shipment of a quarter million AstraZeneca vaccines destined for Australia has been blocked from leaving the EU in the first use of an export control system instituted by the bloc to make sure big pharma companies would respect their contracts.
    (AP, 3/4/21)

2021        Mar 8, The European Commission expressed its astonishment following a decision by Belgian authorities to prolong a ban on all non-essential travel as part of measures to combat the coronavirus pandemic.
    (AP, 3/8/21)

2021        Mar 9, The EU Parliament lifted the immunity of Carlos Puigdemont, the former president of Spain's Catalonia region, and two of his associates.
    (SFC, 3/10/21, p.A2)

2021        Mar 10, The European Parliament overwhelming adopted a resolution declaring the entire 27-member European Union a freedom zone for LGBT people, an effort to push back on rising homophobia in Poland and elsewhere.
    (AP, 3/11/21)

2021        Mar 11, Europe approved Johnson & Johnson's single dose COVID-19 vaccine, paving the way for the first shots to be delivered in a month as the bloc seeks to speed up a stuttering inoculation campaign and boost its supplies.
    (Reuters, 3/11/21)

2021        Mar 15, The European Union launched legal action against Britain for unilaterally changing trading arrangements for Northern Ireland that Brussels says breach the Brexit divorce deal agreed with London last year.
    (Reuters, 3/15/21)

2021        Mar 17, The European Union criticized Turkish authorities for stripping a prominent pro-Kurdish legislator of his parliamentary seat and seeking to shut down his political party, saying these moves add to concerns over the backsliding of rights in Turkey.
    (AP, 3/18/21)

2021        Mar 22, The European Council confirmed that EU officials have approved sanctions against four Chinese officials and one Chinese entity for the "large-scale arbitrary detentions" of Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang.
    (AP, 3/22/21)
2021        Mar 22, The European Union imposed sanctions on Eritrea over human rights violations and blacklisted the country's National Security Office which is tasked with intelligence gathering, arrests and interrogations.
    (AP, 3/22/21)

2021        Mar 23, EU ministers agreed to extend to the end of July temporary EU catch limits for fish stocks shared with Britain, to ensure fishing can continue uninterrupted while Brussels and London seek a full-year deal.
    (Reuters, 3/23/21)
2021        Mar 23, European Union lawmakers refused to sign off on the budget of the EUs border and coast guard agency over concerns about allegations of rights violations, hiring failures and harassment by senior Frontex staff.
    (AP, 3/23/21)
2021        Mar 23, The United Nations, United States, Russia and the European Union met virtually to discuss relaunching their long-stalled effort to get Israel and the Palestinians to negotiate a two-state solution to their decades-old conflict.
    (AP, 3/23/21)

2021        Mar 26, The European Unions medicines regulator said it has approved new manufacturing sites for coronavirus vaccines made by Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and AstraZeneca, in a move that could significantly boost Europes supply of the shots and speed vaccination efforts across the continent.
    (AP, 3/26/21)
2021        Mar 26, Europe's drug regulator said regdanvimab, the South Korean drugmaker Celltrion's COVID-19 treatment, can be considered for patients at high risk of severe illness, but added that the monoclonal antibody's benefits were not entirely clear so far.
    (Reuters, 3/26/21)

2021        Mar 30, The EU and UN hosted dozens of nations and international organizations in virtual talks to help tackle the humanitarian crisis deepening in Syria and neighboring countries as the civil war there entered its 11th year without a political solution in sight.
    (AP, 3/30/21)

2021        Mar 31, The European Medicines Agency says there is no evidence that would support restricting use of AstraZenecas coronavirus vaccine in any population despite reports of rare blood clots associated with the shot. The Europe's drug regulator said it is investigating 62 cases worldwide of a rare blood clotting condition which has prompted some countries to limit the use of AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine.
    (AP, 3/31/21)(Reuters, 3/31/21)
2021        Mar 31, Diplomates said the EU will target eight Iranian militia and police commanders and three state entities with sanctions next week over a deadly crackdown in November 2019 by Iranian authorities.
    (Reuters, 3/31/21)

2021        Apr 1, It was reported that the European Union has asked India to allow it to buy 10 million doses of AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine from Serum Institute of India.
    (Reuters, 4/1/21)

2021        Apr 4, The European Union called for the departure of all foreign forces and mercenaries from Libya, describing it as a precondition for a return to stability in the war-torn country.
    (AP, 4/4/21)

2021        Apr 6, The European Union's top officials met with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Ankara. The visit came after EU leaders agreed to offer Turkey new incentives despite ongoing concerns about the country's backslide on democratic and human rights, and its energy ambitions in the Mediterranean Sea.
    (AP, 4/6/21)

2021        Apr 7, European and British medicine regulators said they had found possible links between AstraZeneca's coronavirus vaccine and reports of very rare cases of brain blood clots, in a setback for inoculation campaigns. An official said that the European drug regulator has received reports of 169 cases of a rare brain blood clot in people who received AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine, as the agency continued to stress that the benefits of the vaccination outweigh the risks.
    (Reuters, 4/7/21)

2021        Apr 8, The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) accepted the Czech Republic's position on mandatory vaccinations for children rebuffing parents' complaints that the government violated their rights.
    (Reuters, 4/8/21)

2021        Apr 11, Bulgarian PM Boyko Borissov said the EU was negotiating a new contract with Pfizer-BioNTech at a price of 19.5 euros ($23.22) per dose. The new contract would cover variants, meaning that the companies would offer enhanced shots if mutations of the coronavirus became prevalent.
    (AP, 4/12/21)

2021        Apr 12, The European Union said it has imposed sanctions on eight Iranian militia commanders and police chiefs, including the head of the elite Revolutionary Guards, over a deadly crackdown in November 2019.
    (Reuters, 4/12/21)

2021        Apr 13, It was reported that 20 EU states are refusing to guarantee that suspected criminals who are citizens of their country can be extradited to the UK, reflecting the fact that Brexit means the UK is no longer part of the European Arrest Warrant.
    (AP, 4/14/21)

2021        Apr 15, It was reported that the European Union has agreed to impose sanctions on another 10 individuals linked to the Feb. 1 coup in Myanmar and to target two businesses run by the armed forces for the first time in protest at the military takeover.
    (Reuters, 4/15/21)

2021        Apr 19, The European Union estimated that 150,000 Russian troops have already amassed for the biggest military buildup ever near Ukraine's borders and that it will only take a spark to set off a confrontation.
    (AP, 4/19/21)

2021        Apr 20, Plans for a European soccer superleague collapsed spectacularly as the projects six Premier League clubs half of the Super Leagues founding members walked away from the plan only two days after it was announced.
    (NY Times, 4/21/21)

2021        Apr 21, The EU reached a tentative climate deal that is intended to make the 27-nation bloc climate-neutral by 2050, with member states and parliament agreeing on new carbon emissions targets on the eve of a virtual summit hosted by US President Joe Biden.
    (AP, 4/21/21)

2021        Apr 23, The European Medicines Agency said that people who have received a first dose of AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine should get the second one too, despite the rare risk of blood clots that have been linked to the shot.
    (AP, 4/23/21)

2021        Apr 27, The European Parliament ratified the Brexit trade deal by a large majority in what Boris Johnson called the "final step" of years of negotiations over the UK leaving the EU.
    (AP, 4/28/21)

2021        Apr 28, Ioannis Lagos, a Greek far-right member of the European Parliament, refused to be extradited from Belgium to Greece to serve a 13-year prison sentence for being a high-ranking member of a criminal organization. On May 7 the Brussels prosecutors office said Lagos may be extradited. Lagos had until May 10 to appeal the decision.
    (AP, 4/28/21)(AP, 5/7/21)

2021        May 7, EU leaders met in Portugal fot wo days of in-person talks.
    (SFC, 5/8/21, p.A7)

2021        May 12, Judges at the EU's General Court annulled a ruling by the European Commission that a tax deal between Amazon and Luxembourg's government amounted to illegal state support.
    (AP, 5/12/21)

2021        May 17, The European Union and the United States decided to temporarily suspend measures at the heart of a steel tariff dispute that is seen as one of the major trade issues dividing the two sides.
    (AP, 5/17/21)

2021        May 19, The EU took a step toward relaxing travel rules for tourists from outside the 27-nation bloc when EU ambassadors agreed on measures to allow in fully vaccinated visitors.
    (AP, 5/19/21)
2021        May 19, US broadcaster Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) filed a legal case at the European Court of Human Rights to challenge the "foreign agent" label imposed on it by Russian authorities.
    (Reuters, 5/19/21)

2021        May 20, The European Parliament voted overwhelmingly to freeze efforts to ratify a landmark investment deal with China until Beijing lifts sanctions imposed in retaliation for the EU's condemnation of China's human rights abuses.
    (Axios, 5/20/21)

2021        May 21, It was reported that Brussels has persuaded Washington to ease restrictions on exports of materials needed by German biotech firm CureVac to make its experimental COVID-19 vaccine.
    (Reuters, 5/21/21)
2021        May 21, European Unions top court ordered Poland to immediately stop extracting brown coal at the Turow mine, which is on the border with the Czech Republic and Germany.
    (AP, 5/21/21)
2021        May 21, Europe's medicines regulator said the second shot of the COVID-19 vaccine developed by AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford must not be given to anyone who has had blood clots with low blood platelets after receiving the first.
    (Reuters, 5/21/21)
2021        May 21, The European Union's drug regulator said a COVID-19 antibody treatment developed by GlaxoSmithKline and Vir Biotechnology can be used to treat patients who are at risk of severe disease and do not need supplemental oxygen.
    (Reuters, 5/21/21)

2021        May 24, Western outrage grew and the European Union threatened more sanctions over the forced diversion of a plane to Belarus in order to arrest opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich. The dramatic gambit apparently ordered by the countrys authoritarian president to suppress dissent was denounced as piracy, a hijacking and terrorism.
    (AP, 5/24/21)
2021        May 24, Officials in Poland defied an injunction by the top EU court that ordered the immediate closure of a major brown coal mine, saying it would shake the nations energy system and lead to the layoff of thousands of employees.
    (AP, 5/24/21)

2021        May 25, EU leaders agreed to donate at least 100 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines to poorer nations by the end of the year as supplies steadily rise across Europe.
    (AP, 5/25/21)
2021        May 25, Europe's top human rights court ruled that British mass surveillance and intelligence-gathering practices breached human rights laws, in a partial victory for civil rights groups that had challenged the practices exposed by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.
    (AP, 5/25/21)
2021        May 25, Belarus isolation deepened as commercial planes avoided its airspace, the European Union worked up new sanctions, and a senior UN official said he was concerned for the welfare of Raman Pratasevich, the opposition journalist arrested in Minsk after his plane was diverted there. The UN human rights watchdog demanded that Belarus release Protasevich.
    (AP, 5/25/21)(Reuters, 5/25/21)

2021        May 26, Switzerland said "no deal" to Brussels freedom of movement demands and pulled out of seven years of tortured trade negotiations with the European Union.
    (The Telegraph, 5/27/21)

2021        May 27, The EU called on Iran to review a case of Narges Mohammadi, a prominent female human rights activist, who was sentenced to 30 months in prison and 80 lashes on charges of protesting against the killing of protesters during the country's 2019 unrest.
    (AP, 5/27/21)

2021        May 28, The European Medicines Agency recommended that the use of the coronavirus vaccine made by Pfizer and BioNTech be expanded to children ages 12 to 15, a decision that offers younger and less at-risk populations across the continent access to a COVID-19 shot for the first time.
    (AP, 5/28/21)

2021        Jun 1, Representatives of the EU's 27 nations and the European Parliament agreed to a deal requiring large companies in the EU to reveal how much tax they paid in which country.
    (AP, 6/2/21)

2021        Jun 2, The European Union unveiled plans to revamp Europes ID check-free travel area after national coronavirus restrictions placed new strains on tourism, travel and business throughout the bloc over the last year.
    (AP, 6/2/21)
2021        Jun 2, Britain and the European Union agreed the first ever annual deal on the management of shared fish stocks after Brexit. It must still be approved by EU governments.
    (The Telegraph, 6/2/21)

2021        Jun 4, The European Union submitted a plan to the World Trade Organization that it believes will more effectively broaden supply of COVID-19 vaccines than the intellectual property (IP) rights waiver backed by the United States.
    (Reuters, 6/4/21)
2021        Jun 4, The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) said it and the European Union have concluded the world's first bloc-to-bloc air transport agreement, to allow their airlines to easier expand services to and within the respective regions.
    (Reuters, 6/4/21)

2021        Jun 8, It was reported that Google has bowed to pressure from rivals and will let them compete for free to be the default search engines on Android devices in Europe, widening a pledge to EU antitrust regulators two years ago.
    (Reuters, 6/8/21)

2021        Jun 9, EU antitrust regulators said the market dominance of Amazon's Alexa, Apple's Siri and Alphabet's Google Assistant has triggered concerns of potential anti-competitive practices.
    (Reuters, 6/9/21)
2021        Jun 9, A top European Union court annulled the EU's approval of 550 million euros ($670 million) in state aid for German airline Condor, backing a challenge by budget carrier Ryanair but suspending the application of the ruling because of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
    (AP, 6/9/21)
2021        Jun 9, EU lawmakers endorsed a new travel certificate that will allow people to move between European countries without having to Quarantine or undergo coronavirus tests.
    (SFC, 6/10/21, p.A5)

2021        Jun 11, The European Medicines Agency (EMA) approved a new manufacturing site in France for the production of Moderna Inc's COVID-19 vaccine.
    (Reuters, 6/11/21)
2021        Jun 11, It was reported that EU fishermen have been granted the right to "plunder" UK waters of red mullet, scallops and lobster after Britain failed to set limits on the amount that can be caught in a post-Brexit agreement.
    (The Telegraph, 6/11/21)

2021        Jun 15, The US and the EU reached a deal to end their long-running dispute over subsidies to Boeing and Airbus. This will mean the phase-out of billions in punitive tariffs and ease trans-Atlantic tensions.
    (SFC, 6/16/21, p.B2)

2021        Jun 16, EU members agreed to add the US to the list of countries for which they should gradually remove restrictions on non-essential travel. The recommendation is non-binding, and national governments have authority to require test results or vaccination records and to set other entry conditions.
    (AP, 6/16/21)

2021        Jun 19, Dozens of human rights advocates briefly blocked Croatias border with Bosnia to protest the European Unions migration policies.
    (AP, 6/19/21)

2021        Jun 24, The European Union slapped economic sanctions on Belarus in response to what the EU called the escalation of serious human rights violations including the detention of journalist Raman Pratasevich.
    (AP, 6/24/21)
2021        Jun 24, British mobile operator EE said it was bringing back mobile roaming charges in the European Union for new and upgrading customers from next January, wiping out a benefit that has saved tourists and business travelers millions of pounds since the charges were abolished in 2017.
    (Reuters, 6/24/21)
2021        Jun 24, Cyprus said it wants the European Unions border agency Frontex to step in and prevent the flow of migrant arrivals from Turkey that authorities say have stretched the eastern Mediterranean island nations asylum system to its limits.
    (AP, 6/24/21)
2021        Jun 24, France and Germanys call for European Union summit talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin were blocked late today after fierce opposition from Poland and the Baltic countries.
    (The Telegraph, 6/24/21)

2021        Jun 25, European Union leaders greenlighted plans to give Turkey another 3 billion euros ($3.6 billion) over the next few years to provide fresh assistance to Syrian refugees on its territory and to help the country boost border controls.
    (AP, 6/25/21)
2021        Jun 25, Europe's medicines regulator said it had approved the production of Johnson & Johnson's single-dose COVID-19 vaccine at an additional site in Italy, as it looks to speed up the supply of the shot in the European Union.
    (Reuters, 6/25/21)

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