Timeline Egypt B 2011-Present

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Egypt is about 3 times the size of New Mexico.
(SSFC, 10/9/05, Par p.27)
The god Sia was invoked to protect the genitals of the dead.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, Z1 p.8)

2011        Jan 1, In Egypt a powerful bomb, possibly from a suicide attacker, exploded in front of a Coptic Christian church in Alexandria as a crowd of worshippers emerged from a New Years Mass, killing at least 21 people and wounding nearly 80. The Gaza-based Army of Islam was later said to be behind the planning and execution of the attack. The attack sparked three days of Christian rioting in Cairo and several other cities.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(Reuters, 1/4/11)(AP, 1/23/11)

2011        Jan 10, Egypt said it aims to generate 12% of its electricity needs by wind power and will initiate wind-farm projects with a capacity of 2,690 megawatts over the next five years.
    (AFP, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 11, In Egypt an off-duty Muslim police officer, Amer Ashour Abdel Zaher, opened fire on a train, killing one Christian (71) and wounding 5 others. Zaher was arrested after he fled the scene.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds of Christians demonstrated near a Cairo slum, blocking a major highway and clashing with police following the Jan 11 shooting death of a Christian man.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 17, Two men set themselves on fire in Egypt and Mauritania, raising to three the number of self-immolation attempts apparently influenced by a similar action in Tunisia that helped trigger a popular uprising. In Cairo Abdou Abdel-Monaam Hamadah (48) was taken to the hospital with light burns. In Nouakchott Yacoub Ould Dahoud (43) torched himself in his car and was rushed to a hospital.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2011        Jan 18, In Egypt Ahmed Hashem el-Sayed (25), an unemployed man, died in a hospital after setting himself on fire the previous evening in the port city of Alexandria. Two men attempted to set themselves on fire in downtown Cairo. Both survived.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 20, Egypt's highest Islamic authority, al-Azhar, said it was freezing all dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church over what it called Pope Benedict's repeated insults toward Islam.
    (Reuters, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 23, North Korea's leader Kim Jong Il held talks with an Orascom Telecom Executive Naguib Sawiris, an Egyptian telecoms magnate. In 2008 Orascom set up and began operating an advanced mobile phone network in North Korea.
    (AP, 1/24/11)

2011        Jan 25, In Egypt thousands of anti-government protesters, some hurling rocks and climbing atop an armored police truck, clashed with riot police in the center of Cairo in a Tunisia-inspired demonstration to demand the end of Hosni Mubarak's nearly 30 years in power. A loose coalition had issued a Facebook call for a “day of rage" to coincide with Police Day, recently declared a national holiday. The interior minister said authorities have arrested 19 Arabs suspected of having links to al-Qaida en route to Iraq. Habib el-Adly said the suspects were taken into custody before Jan 1.
    (AP, 1/25/11)(Econ, 1/29/11, p.43)

2011        Jan 26, Thousands of Egyptians defied a ban on protests by returning to Egypt's streets and calling for President Hosni Mubarak to leave office, and some scuffled with police. Police quickly moved in and used tear gas and beatings to disperse the demonstrators. The crackdown saw hundreds detained and left six people dead over two days.
    (AP, 1/26/11)(AFP, 1/27/11)

2011        Jan 27, Egyptian police fought protesters in two cities in eastern Egypt and Nobel Peace Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei headed back to the country to join demonstrators trying to oust President Hosni Mubarak. Egyptians torched a police post in the eastern city of Suez over the killing of protesters in anti-government demonstrations earlier in the week. Activists outraged over unemployment and repression kept up the momentum of the largest anti-government protests in years, taking to the streets for the third straight day. Mubarak's ruling party said it is ready to open a dialogue. Egypt's stock exchange suspended trading temporarily after a sharp drop, amid the largest anti-government protests in the country in three decades.
    (Reuters, 1/27/11)(AP, 1/27/11)(AFP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 28, Egyptian security officials said police have put Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei under house arrest. Dozens of people were wounded as police and demonstrators fought running battles on the streets of Cairo in a fourth day of unprecedented protests by tens of thousands of Egyptians demanding an end to President Hosni Mubarak's three-decade rule. Looters broke into the Egyptian Museum during anti-government protests late in the day and destroyed two Pharaonic mummies. The “Friday of Rage" witnessed a heavy police crackdown on tens of thousands of protesters. Policeman Mohammed Abdel-Moneim was later sentenced to death for shooting 20 protesters. In 2012 his death sentence was overturned.
    (AP, 1/28/11)(Reuters, 1/28/11)(Reuters, 1/29/11)(AP, 3/7/12)
2011        Jan 28, British-based Vodafone said the Egyptian government has ordered all mobile telephone operators to suspend services "in selected areas" of the country. Egypt's four primary Internet providers, Link Egypt, Vodafone/Raya, Telecom Egypt, Etisalat Misr, and all went dark at 12:34 a.m.
    (AP, 1/28/11)

2011        Jan 29, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak (82) named his intelligence chief and close confidant Omar Suleiman as vice president, his first VP since coming to power nearly 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of Egyptians snubbed Mubarak's promised reforms and took their deadly revolt to the streets for a fifth day. An enraged mob killed three police in the Sinai town of Rafah, bringing the overall death toll from the nationwide protests to at least 48 since Jan 25. Two Cairo mobile phone networks came back on line, a day after all Egyptian operators were told to cut services. State TV said wealthy business Ahmed Ezz, a close confidante of the president's son and one of the targets for protester criticism, has resigned from ruling party. The military declined to block the latest rally and soldiers showed solidarity with demonstrators.
    (AP, 1/29/11)(AFP, 1/29/11)(Reuters, 1/29/11)(SSFC, 1/30/11, p.A5)
2011        Jan 29, Saudi Arabia's stock exchange tumbled by over 6 percent, setting the stage for other regional markets to drop as concerns mounted about the violent protests in Egypt.
    (AP, 1/29/11)

2011        Jan 30, Egyptian fighter jets swooped low over Cairo in what appeared to be an attempt by the military to show its control of a city beset by looting, armed robbery and anti-government protests. Gangs of armed men attacked at least four jails before dawn, helping to free hundreds of Muslim militants and thousands of other inmates. The official death toll from five days of growing crisis stood at 74, with thousands injured. Al-Jazeera said that Egyptian authorities ordered the closure of its Cairo news hub.
    (AP, 1/30/11)
2011        Jan 30, Israeli officials agreed to allow Egypt to move several hundred troops into the Sinai peninsula for the first time since the countries reached peace three decades ago.
    (AP, 1/31/11)

2011        Jan 31, Egypt’s Pres. Mubarak named a new government, but the lineup dominated by regime stalwarts was greeted with scorn by protesters camped out for the fourth day in the capital's central Tahrir Square. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo's streets Feb 1 to demand the removal of Mubarak.  The official death toll from the crisis stood at 97, with thousands injured, but reports from witnesses across the country indicated the actual toll was far higher. Mubarak appointed General Murad Mowafi, former north Sinai governor, as head of Egyptian intelligence. The military promised on state TV late in the day that it would not fire on protesters answering a call for a million people to demonstrate the next day. Vice President Omar Suleiman, appointed by Mubarak only two days earlier in what could be a succession plan, went on state TV to announce the offer of a dialogue with "political forces" for constitutional and legislative reforms.
    (AP, 1/31/11)(AFP, 1/31/11)(AP, 2/1/11)

2011        Feb 1, In Egypt more than a quarter-million people flooded Cairo's main square in a stunning and jubilant array of young and old, urban poor and middle class professionals, mounting by far the largest protest yet in a week of unrelenting demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. A coalition of opposition groups told Egypt's government that they would only begin talks with the military on a transition to democracy once President Hosni Mubarak stands down. Mubarak went on national television and rejected demands he step down immediately and said he would serve out the remaining seven months of his term.
    (AP, 2/1/11)(Reuters, 2/1/11)(AP, 2/2/11)

2011        Feb 2, In Egypt several thousand supporters of President Hosni Mubarak, including some riding horses and camels and wielding whips, attacked anti-government protesters as the upheaval took a dangerous new turn. In scenes of chaos and pitched fighting, the two sides pelted each other with stones, and protesters dragged attackers off their horses. Egyptian troops fired warning shots in a bid to end clashes with regime supporters and the protesters reacted jubilantly. The government said three people were killed. The government began to reinstate Internet service after days of an unprecedented cutoff, and state TV announced the easing of a nighttime curfew. As many as 11 people were killed and over 1,000 wounded.
    (AP, 2/2/11)(AFP, 2/2/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.28)

2011        Feb 3, Egypt's embattled government announced a slew of measures aimed at defusing a bloody revolt and taking back the initiative, as protesters battled pro-regime militants for control of Cairo's Tahrir Square and spurned an offer for talks. Egypt’s military rounded up journalists after they came under attack from supporters of President Hosni Mubarak who have been assaulting anti-government protesters. An army tank moved against supporters of Mubarak as they hurled rocks at anti-Mubarak protesters in central Cairo, prompting cheers from demonstrators battered by overnight fighting that killed six. State news agency MENA said Egypt's public prosecutor has issued a travel ban on some ministers from the former government and at least one former ruling party official, and froze their bank accounts. Vodafone accused the Egyptian authorities of using its network to send pro-government text messages to its subscribers, without clear attribution.   
    (AFP, 2/3/11)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 4, In Egypt protesters demanding President Hosni Mubarak's ouster packed Cairo's central square by the tens of thousands, waving flags, singing the national anthem and cheering, appearing undaunted and determined after their camp withstood two days of street battles with regime supporters trying to dislodge them. At least 8 people have been killed in the fighting and more than 800 injured. , Finance Minister Samir Radwan said Egypt has created a 5 billion Egyptian pound ($854 million) fund to compensate people for property damaged during the political protests that have rocked the country. An Egyptian reporter who was shot during clashes a week ago died of his wounds.
    (AP, 2/4/11)(Reuters, 2/4/11)
2011        Feb 4, The New York Times reported that US and Egyptian officials were discussing a plan for Mubarak to turn power over now to a transitional government headed by Vice President Omar Suleiman.
    (AFP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 5, Leaders of Egypt's unprecedented wave of anti-government protests held talks with the prime minister over ways to ease President Mubarak out of office, but the government appeared to be digging in its heels. The top executive committee of Egypt's ruling National Democratic Party (NDP), which includes Mubarak's son Gamal, resigned en masse. Secretary-general of the ruling party, Safwat el-Sharif, resigned in a gesture to protesters carrying out a 12-day-old wave of anti-government demonstrations. It was decided to name Hossam Badrawi secretary general of the party.
    (AP, 2/5/11)(AFP, 2/5/11)
2011        Feb 5, Unknown saboteurs attacked an Egyptian pipeline supplying gas to Jordan, forcing authorities to switch off gas supply from a twin pipeline to Israel. Egypt supplies about 40 percent of Israel's natural gas. The attack came after Israel expressed concern that its natural gas supplies from Egypt could be threatened if a new regime takes power in Cairo.
    (AFP, 2/5/11)

2011        Feb 6, Egypt's VP Omar Suleiman met a broad representation of major opposition groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood, for the first time and agreed to allow freedom of the press, to release those detained since anti-government protests began nearly two weeks and ago and to lift the country's hated emergency laws when security permits.
    (AP, 2/6/11)(AFP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 7, Egypt's embattled regime announced a 15% increase in salaries and pensions in the latest attempt to defuse popular anger amid protests demanding Pres. Mubarak's ouster. The regime appeared confident in its ability for the moment to ride out the unprecedented storm of unrest, and maintain its grip on power, at least until September elections. Mubarak's new cabinet held its first full meeting since an uprising started nearly two weeks ago.
    (AP, 2/7/11)(Reuters, 2/7/11)
2011        Feb 7, In Egypt Wael Ghonim (30), a Google Inc. marketing manager, was released from 12 days of detention and gave an emotionally charged television interview, sobbing at times over those who have been killed. He dubbed the protests "the revolution of the youth of the Internet." He was a key organizer of the online campaign that sparked the first protest on Jan 25.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 8, In Egypt a massive crowd of anti-government protesters poured into Cairo's Tahrir Square again, joined for the first time by Wael Ghonim, a young leader of the campaign the day after he was released from detention. Egypt's military was not allowing foreign journalists without credentials to enter Cairo's Tahrir Square, part of what an international press watchdog called new obstacles in covering the ongoing crisis. Foreign journalists already with credentials were allowed into the square.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, Egypt's anti-government activists pushed to expand their protests and sought to drum up labor unrest as thousands launched strikes at state firms and offices around the country, in defiance of the vice president's warning that demonstrations calling for President Hosni Mubarak's ouster would not be tolerated for much longer.
    (AP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 10, Egypt’s state television reported that the state prosecutor has launched a formal corruption investigation against three former government ministers and a former ruling party leader. In a late night speech President Hosni Mubarak handed most of his powers to his vice president but refused to step down. Shock that Mubarak did not step down turned to rage the next day, and protests escalated.
    (Reuters, 2/10/11)(AP, 2/10/11)(AP, 2/11/11)

2011        Feb 11, Egypt's powerful military tried to defuse outrage over President Hosni Mubarak's refusal to step down, assuring it would guarantee promised reforms. But hundreds of thousands only grew angrier, deluging squares in at least three major cities and marching on presidential palaces and the state TV building for a Day of Martyrs. Mubarak flew to the Sinai resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, some 250 miles away from the turmoil. Mubarak stepped down as Egypt's president following 18 days of mass protests, handing over to the army and ending three decades of autocratic rule. Vice President Omar Suleiman named a military council to run the country's affairs. Cairo erupted in a cacophony of celebration: fireworks and car horns and gunshots in the air. Defense Minister Hussein Tantawi (75) took power from Mubarak. CBS correspondent Lara Logan was beaten and sexually assaulted by a mob while covering the jubilation in Cairo's Tahrir Square. She was saved by a group of women and an estimated 20 Egyptian soldiers. About 23,000 of the nation's 80,000 prisoners escaped during the 18-day uprising that lead to the ouster of President Hosanna Mubarak. 
    (AP, 2/11/11)(Reuters, 2/11/11)(AP, 2/12/11)(AP, 2/16/11)(Reuters, 2/16/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.28)(AP, 3/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Switzerland froze any assets belonging to Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak or his family.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.A5)

2011        Feb 12, Egypt’s ruling military pledged to eventually hand power to an elected civilian government and reassured allies that Egypt will abide by its peace treaty with Israel after the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak, as it outlined the first cautious steps in a promised transition to greater democracy. Human Rights Watch documented 302 deaths thus far, many of them victims of police gunfire on the nights of Jan 28 and 29.
    (AP, 2/12/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.27)
2011        Feb 12, At least 13 Egyptians died and nearly two dozen were injured when a 6-storey building collapsed in the southern tourist town of Luxor.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb 13, Egypt's military leaders dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution, meeting two key demands of protesters who have been keeping up pressure for immediate steps to transition to democratic. The military said they would govern only for six months or until elections took place, following the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/13/11)(Reuters, 2/13/11)

2011        Feb 14, Egypt's 470,000-strong military delivered an ultimatum to dozens of committed protesters in Tahrir Square, nerve center of a movement that toppled Hosni Mubarak, to leave and let life return to normal or face arrest. Military rulers called for an end to strikes and protests as thousands of state employees, from ambulance drivers to police and transport workers, demonstrated to demand better pay. Officials said Egypt's stock exchange will remain closed through the end of the week, as a strike by public sector bank workers added to the challenges facing the country since the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, A senior US official said the US has received requests from Egypt's new government to freeze the assets of officials who worked for ousted Egyptian Pres. Mubarak.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 15, Egypt's military regime warned that a wave of strikes sweeping the country was "disastrous", as it gave a panel of civilian experts 10 days to revise the constitution. The long banned Muslim Brotherhood said it intends to form a political party once democracy is established, as the country's new military rulers launched a panel of experts to amend the country's constitution enough to allow democratic elections later this year.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)(AP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 16, Egypt’s ruling military council issued its 2nd statement in 3 days calling for an immediate halt to all labor unrest. Airport employees protested for better pay, but did not disrupt flights. Textile workers struck to demand a corruption investigation and residents of a Suez Canal city pressed for closing a chemical factory they say is dumping toxic waste into a lake.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, International migration officials said nearly 100 Egyptians have arrived in Italy in two boats, as fears rose about a wave of people trying to reach Europe because of turmoil in the Arab world.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 17, At least 1,500 Egyptian workers from the Suez Canal Authority protested for better pay in three cities straddling the strategic waterway.
    (AP, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 18, In Egypt hundreds of thousands of flag-waving Egyptians packed into central Tahrir Square for a day of celebration to mark the fall of longtime leader Hosni Mubarak a week ago and push their new military rulers to steer the country toward reform.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Feb 19, An Egyptian court licensed the Al-Wasat Al-Jadid (the New Center), a moderate Islamic party founded in 1996, after its application for legal status was turned down four times by the former Egyptian government.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 20, Egyptian banks opened after a week-long closure as the economy struggled to get back on its feet after political turmoil caused by the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and subsequent labor protests. Workers at Misr Spinning and Weaving, Egypt's largest factory, ended a strike and went back to work after the strikers' main demands were met.
    (Reuters, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 21, Egypt asked Britain for its support in seeking debt forgiveness from Europe, in the latest push to boost an economy bruised by weeks of protests that toppled Pres. Mubarak. Egypt owed the EU member states about $9 billion. According to central bank figures the country's total foreign debt stood at about $34.7 billion as of the end of September 2011.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 21, Egypt's prosecutor general requested a freeze on the foreign assets of Hosni Mubarak and his family, 10 days after the longtime president resigned in the face of a popular uprising.
    (AFP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 22, Egypt's foreign ministry told its embassies in the Arab world and Western countries to seek a freeze on the assets of former President Hosni Mubarak and his family. Massive labor protests and strikes turned violent, with the deputy head of one public sector company being beaten to death by irate workers.
    (Reuters, 2/22/11)(AP, 2/22/11)

2011        Feb 23, In Egypt a security official said hundreds of low-ranking police have set fire to parts of the security headquarters in Cairo after four days of protests to demand better salaries. The killing of a Coptic Christian priest in southern Egypt triggered street demonstrations by several thousand Christians.
    (AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Feb 24, Egyptian authorities arrested the country's former information minister and the chairman of state TV and radio on corruption allegations.
    (AP, 2/24/11)

2011        Feb 25, In Egypt tens of thousands rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, trying to keep up pressure on Egypt's military rulers to carry out reforms and calling for the dismissal of holdovers from the regime of ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/25/11)

2011        Feb 26, Egypt's ruling military council apologized after military police a day earlier beat protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square. activists called for fresh protests to denounce violence by the authorities. A judicial committee formed to draft changes to Egypt's constitution proposed capping to eight years the time a president can stay in office and loosening the rules that curbed competition for the post.
    (AFP, 2/26/11)(Reuters, 2/26/11)

2011        Feb 27, Villagers in southern Egypt blocked the Assiut-Cairo highway with burning tires and set fire to three government buildings to protest official corruption. More than 2,000 employees of the Assiut provincial government went on strike.
    (AP, 2/27/11)

2011        Feb 28, Egypt's top prosecutor seized all the funds of ousted leader Hosni Mubarak and his family and banned them from travel abroad.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 3, Egypt's military rulers said the prime minister appointed by ousted President Hosni Mubarak has resigned, meeting a key demand of the opposition protest movement. The military chose former Transport Minister Essam Sharaf as the new prime minister and asked him to form a new caretaker Cabinet to run the government throughout a transition back to civilian rule.
    (AP, 3/3/11)

2011        Mar 4, Egypt's top archaeologist, Zahi Hawass, warned that the country's antiquity sites were being looted by criminals amid the country's political upheaval as he announced he would no longer serve in his ministerial post in the government. Hundreds of protesters attempted to storm a building belonging to the internal security service in Alexandria in an outpouring of anger at the agency blamed for some of the worst human rights violations during ousted President Hosni Mubarak's rule.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 5, Egyptians turned their anger toward his internal security apparatus, storming the agency's main headquarters and other offices seizing documents to keep them from being destroyed to hide evidence of human rights abuses. Christian and Muslim families have clashed south of Cairo in a dispute over a romance between children from the two families. The fathers from both families have been killed and a crowd of Muslims torched a church in Soul.
    (AP, 3/5/11)

2011        Mar 8, An Egyptian court rejected an appeal by ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his family against a top prosecutor's move to seize funds that could total in the billions of dollars. Clashes also broke out when a Muslim mob attacked thousands of Christians protesting the burning of a Cairo church. At least 13 people were killed and some 140 wounded.
    (AP, 3/8/11)(AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Egypt a protest by hundreds of women demanding equal rights and an end to sexual harassment turned violent when crowds of men heckled and shoved the demonstrators, telling them to go home where they belong.
    (AP, 3/8/11)

2011        Mar 9, In Egypt attackers, said to be pro-Mubarak thugs, armed with knives and machetes waded into hundreds of pro-democracy activists in Cairo's Tahrir Square, as insecurity raged. Military authorities detained women in Tahrir Square and forced 18 of them to undergo “virginity tests."
    (AFP, 3/9/11)(SFC, 6/1/11, p.A6)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 11, Egyptian officials said 4 top security officials have been jailed for ordering police to shoot and kill protesters during the country’s 18-day uprising.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A3)

2011        Mar 14, In Egypt young militants who spearheaded the pro-democracy revolution called for a "no" vote in next weekend's referendum on constitutional reform. They called for a new constitution and an extension of the transitional period with the formation of a presidential council.
    (AFP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 15, Egypt's interior minister dissolved the country's widely hated state security agency.
    (AP, 3/15/11)

2011        Mar 18, In Egypt pro-democracy activists flocked to Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square for a new protest to urge a "no" vote in a weekend referendum on the military's plans for the future after Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 19, Egyptians lined up by the hundreds to vote on constitutional amendments sponsored by the ruling military. Voters overwhelmingly approved changes in the constitution, opening the way for parliamentary and presidential elections within months. Over 14 million voted yes  versus some 4 million voting no. The turnout was about 41% of eligible voters.
    (AP, 3/19/11)(AP, 3/21/11)(Econ, 3/26/11, p.55)

2011        Mar 20, In Egypt 3 men kidnapped and raped a woman (24) after stopping a vehicle at gun point. She was driving with a male relative. In April a military court in Ismailiya ordered the execution of the three men who were convicted of the kidnapping and rape. In Qena province Muslim vigilantes arrested Anwar Mitri (45), a school administrator and Coptic Christian, for renting a flat to a woman they claimed was a prostitute and for allegedly having sex with her. Mitri was tried and had his ear lopped off. 
    (AFP, 4/11/11)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.21)

2011        Mar 21, The European Union froze the assets of ousted Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and 18 people in his inner circle.
    (AFP, 3/21/11)

2011        Mar 22, In Egypt the Interior Ministry in Cairo was set on fire during a protest by police officers demanding more pay and better working conditions. The fire largely gutted one wing of the 7-story building.
    (SFC, 3/23/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 23, Egypt's stock market plunged almost 9 percent, with foreign investors leading a sell-off in the market's first session in nearly two months following a shutdown linked to the mass protests that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak. The military government handed down new constitutional rules easing curbs that choked political life under Mubarak, opening the door for the formation of new parties that will compete in elections this year.
    (AP, 3/23/11)(Reuters, 3/24/11)(SFC, 3/24/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 23, Amnesty International condemned the "shocking" treatment of 18 women protesters in Egypt after serious allegations that the army subjected them to torture and forced "virginity tests."
    (AFP, 3/23/11)

2011        Mar 28, Egypt's Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), a group of 24 senior officers, said on its website that ousted president Hosni Mubarak and his family are under house arrest, denying that the former leader had fled to Saudi Arabia. Members of an ultraconservative Muslim sect clashed with villagers south of Cairo over demands that a liquor store and coffee shops be closed a sign of the increasing assertiveness of the fundamentalist Salafi movement.
    (AFP, 3/28/11)(AP, 3/29/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.59)

2011        Mar 30, Egypt's military rulers issued an interim constitution under which the transitional administration will run the country until elections allow power to be returned to an elected government. The military rulers said that the country's first presidential elections since the ouster of longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak will be held by November.
    (AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Apr 1, In Egypt thousands of people filled Tahrir Square to call for Egypt's military government to harshly punish members of ex-President Hosni Mubarak's former administration.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 3, In Egypt gunmen abducted Zeina Effat Sadat (12) the grandniece of the late leader Anwar Sadat, in the upscale Cairo suburb of Heliopolis. They released her nearly 24 hours later for 5 million pounds (about $840,000) in ransom on the desert road from Cairo to the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. Police on April 4 arrested six men for their alleged part in the kidnapping. A briefcase with 2 million pounds (about $340,000) was found on the men.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 4, Egypt's foreign minister said Cairo is ready to re-establish diplomatic ties with Tehran after a break of more than 30 years signaling a shift in Iran policy since the fall of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 6, In Egypt authorities arrested Mohammed Ibrahim Suleiman, the former housing minister (1993-2006), on suspicion he was involved in the illegal sale of state lands for cut-rate prices. Suleiman's successor, Ahmed Maghrabi, was also being investigated.
    (AP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 8, In Egypt tens of thousands waved flags and shouted slogans in Cairo's central Tahrir Square, demanding that Hosni Mubarak and his family be put on trial over allegations of corruption in one of the biggest protests since Mubarak was ousted two months ago.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 9, Egypt’s military stormed Tahrir Square to disperse some 2000 protesters. At least one demonstrator was shot dead and 71 others injured.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A7)

2011        Apr 10, In Egypt more than 1,000 protesters ignored an army order to leave Cairo's main square, extending into a third day their calls for a quick move to civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials.
    (AP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 11, In Egypt A few hundred protesters defied an army demand to quit Cairo's Tahrir Square, vowing to stay until the ruling military council heeds their demand for civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials. A military court jailed blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad (26) to three years in prison for criticizing the armed forces. Safwat al-Sherif, head of Egypt's former ruling party and a longtime stalwart of the regime of ousted Pres. Mubarak, was detained on charges of corruption.
    (Reuters, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/12/11)(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 12, Egypt’s former Pres. Mubarak was hospitalized after suffering an alleged heart attack. State media indicated the hospital visit may have been a ploy to escape legal problems.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A3)

2011        Apr 13, Egypt's ousted President Hosni Mubarak was put under detention in his hospital room for investigation on accusations of corruption, abuse of power and killings of protesters. His sons Alaa and Gamal were taken to Tora Prison outside Cairo.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A3)

2011        Apr 15, Egypt's top prosecutor ordered deposed President Hosni Mubarak to be moved from a hospital at a Red Sea resort to a military hospital for questioning about the deaths of protesters and allegations of corruption and abuse of power.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 16, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolving of the country's former ruling party and the confiscation of its assets, meeting a major demand of the protest movement that ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 17, Egypt put two former top ministers on trial, widening a crackdown on graft as the ruling generals seek to show their seriousness about ending the corruption that led to President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 19, An Egyptian government fact-finding mission said at least 846 people were killed and over 6,400 injured during the popular uprising that toppled longtime president Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/19/11)

2011        Apr 22, In southern Egypt tens of thousands, led by hard-line Islamists, protested the appointment of a Coptic Christian governor in Qena province.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 25, Egypt's premier suspended Emad Mikhail, a Christian governor linked to the ousted Mubarak regime, after his appointment sparked protests in restive Qena province.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)

2011        Apr 27, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a natural gas terminal near the border with Israel, sending flames shooting into the air in the early hours of the morning and forcing the shutdown of the country's gas export pipeline to Israel and Jordan. Suspicion immediately fell on Sinai Bedouins angered by what they see as the neglect of their areas by the central government or Muslim militants opposed to the export of natural gas to Israel.
    (AP, 4/27/11)

2011        Apr 28, Egypt's new foreign minister, Nabil al-Araby, said that the closure of the key Rafah border crossing with the Palestinian Gaza Strip was about to end, calling the decision to close the crossing "a disgusting matter" in an interview with Al-Jazeera.
    (AP, 4/29/11)

2011        Apr 29, An Egyptian soldier of the border guard unit was killed in an exchange of gunfire with tunnel smugglers near the border with Gaza.
    (AFP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Egypt at least 20 people drowned in the Nile while on a trip to visit the grave of a relative. 5 people were also missing after a minibus hired for the traditional graveyard visit slipped from the ferry that carried it across the river in Beni Suef province.
    (Reuters, 4/30/11)

2011        Apr 30, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, the country's best organized movement, announced the formation of a party to contest up to half of parliament's seats in a September election.
    (AFP, 4/30/11)

2011        May 2, The Swiss government said it has identified potential assets belonging to Libya’s Moammar Khadafy and his entourage amounting to $415 million. Assets of $473 million were also found linked to Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak and $69 million to Tunisia’s Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA2)

2011        May 4, In Egypt hundreds of diehard supporters of ousted president Hosni Mubarak clashed with his foes in central Cairo leaving dozens injured.
    (AFP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 4, Rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas proclaimed a landmark, Egyptian-mediated reconciliation pact signed in Cairo aimed at ending their bitter four-year rift. Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal said that his Islamist movement would work to achieve the "Palestinian national goal" of a sovereign state on the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Gaza's Hamas rulers executed a man convicted of collaborating with Israel. His execution was the 11th in Gaza since Hamas violently wrested control of the territory in June 2007.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AFP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/5/11)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.51)

2011        May 5, In Egypt former President Hosni Mubarak's top security official was convicted of corruption and money laundering and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 7, In Egypt 13 people died in clashes in a Cairo suburb sparked by unconfirmed suspicions that Christians had abducted a woman who converted to Islam. On May 9 authorities said they have arrested the "mastermind" behind the sectarian violence.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(AFP, 5/10/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)

2011        May 8, Egypt's army said that 190 people would be tried in military courts over sectarian violence a day earlier that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)

2011        May 9, Egyptian authorities detained 23 more people in connection with recent clashes between Muslims and Christians, including two people suspected of sparking riots over the weekend that left a Cairo church torched and 13 people dead. Hundreds of Christians continued their sit-in outside Egypt's state TV building, saying they fear an Islamic state is in the making.
    (AP, 5/9/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)

2011        May 10, An Egyptian court convicted the country's ex-tourism minister of corruption and sentenced him to five years in prison, making him the second high-ranking official to be found guilty since President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 12, In Egypt Abeer Fakhri, , a Christian woman whose affair with a Muslim sparked deadly sectarian clashes, was detained and faced charges that included polygamy.
    (AP, 5/13/11)

2011        May 13, Egyptian authorities on ordered the detention of Suzanne Mubarak, wife of deposed President Hosni Mubarak. Thousands of Egyptians took to the streets to push their military rulers to do more to help Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(Reuters, 5/13/11)

2011        May 14, In Egypt Bothaina Kamel (48) a political activist, TV presenter and a candidate for president, was hauled in for questioning because of her outspoken criticism of the nation's military rulers and said she is facing allegations of slandering a top official and the military. Clashes between Muslims and Christians in the center of Cairo left 51 people wounded, as Coptic Christians pursued a sit-in protest against the violence.
    (AP, 5/14/11)(AFP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 15, Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil al-Araby was elected the new secretary-general of the Arab League.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A2)
2011        May 15, Egypt's Pope Shenouda, head of the Orthodox Coptic church, called on Christians to abandon a demonstration against attacks on their community after a clash overnight left 78 wounded.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)

2011        May 16, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas and live ammunition overnight to disperse thousands of pro-Palestinian protesters outside the Israeli Embassy in Cairo, and a security official said that at least 185 demonstrators were arrested over allegations of attacking police and vandalism.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, An Egyptian military court sentenced the 17-year-old and three other men to be hanged for kidnapping and raping a young woman.
    (Reuters, 5/18/11)

2011        May 17, Egypt's Justice Ministry ordered the wife of former president Hosni Mubarak released from custody without bail. Suzanne Mubarak was released after handing over her assets to the state, as her husband pledged to do the same in a bid to secure an amnesty.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AFP, 5/17/11)

2011        May 18, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood said the party it formed to contest elections has chosen a Christian intellectual as vice president and numbers almost 100 Coptic Christians among its founding members.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 19, Amnesty International said Egyptian authorities continue to restrict freedom of assembly, torture detainees and try civilians in military courts, highlighting the urgent need for reform.
    (AP, 5/19/11)

2011        May 22, An Egyptian court condemned a policeman to death for killing 20 protesters, in the first such sentencing of a security forces member for the murder of demonstrators during a January-February revolt.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 24, Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarak and his two sons were referred to a criminal court on suspicion of graft and ordering deadly fire against anti-government protesters.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, World Bank Pres. Robert Zoellick said it will provide up to $6 billion to Egypt and Tunisia to help them modernize their economies as they undertake democratic reforms after the ouster of their longtime presidents.
    (AP, 5/24/11)

2011        May 25, Egypt decided to end its blockade of Gaza by opening the only crossing to the Hamas-ruled Palestinian territory on May 28, easing the isolation of 1.4 million Palestinians there.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 26, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court sentenced former housing minister Ahmed al-Maghrabi to five years in prison on corruption charges and fined him over an illegal land deal.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)(Reuters, 5/26/11)

2011        May 27, In Egypt thousands of protesters returned to downtown Cairo's Tahrir Square for what they called a "second revolution," calling for Egypt's military rulers to speed up the pace of democratic reforms in a country that is still charting its political future.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Pres. Obama and other G8 leaders wrapped up a 2-day summit in France and announced plans for a $40 billion in aid to support democracy in Egypt, Tunisia and the rest of North Africa.
    (SFC, 5/28/11, p.A3)

2011        May 28, An Egyptian administrative court fined ousted President Hosni Mubarak and two former officials 540 million Egyptian pounds ($91 million) for cutting off mobile and internet services during protests in January. Egypt charged former Information Minister Anas el-Fekky with "deliberately causing financial harm" to the state-run Radio and Television Union.
    (Reuters, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Egypt lifted a four-year-old blockade on the Gaza Strip's main link to the outside world, bringing relief to the crowded territory's 1.5 million Palestinians but deepening a rift with Israel since the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak earlier this year.
    (AP, 5/28/11)

2011        May 31, Egypt’s transitional government imposed a quote of no more than 400 passengers a day for crossing into Egypt at Rafah. A blacklist of 5,000 Gazans, who would not be allowed to cross, was reinstated.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.58)
2011        May 31, Mahmoud Abdel Salam Omar (74), former chairman of Egypt's Bank of Alexandria, was arrested in NYC for allegedly assaulting a hotel maid the previous evening. On June 24 Omar pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor sexual abuse charge, acknowledging he kissed the woman on the lips and neck and touched her breasts after she brought tissues to his room at the posh Pierre hotel. He completed five days of community service in a soup kitchen, and his case will be closed without jail time or probation if he stays out of trouble for a year.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3mjbkkf)(AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 4, An Egyptian court convicted former finance minister Youssef Boutros-Ghali in absentia and sentenced him to 30 years in prison for profiteering and abusing state and private assets. Egypt's public prosecutor referred 48 people to trial for their involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian clashes last month. Hundreds of angry protesters pelted a Cairo police station overnight and torched an armored vehicle. Police fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. Officials said they're investigating the death of bus driver Mohammed Nasr, who was beaten following a fight with a police officer. A truck driver drove through a checkpoint in the northern Sinai city of el-Arish, killing three soldiers and badly injuring a fourth as they slept in their tent.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)(AFP, 6/4/11)(AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, Egypt shut its border crossing with Gaza for the first time since opening it on a routine basis last month. Angry Palestinians stormed the gates in protest. An Egyptian security source said the terminal was shut for maintenance and may reopen in a day.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)

2011        Jun 5, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed a $3 billion financing deal with Egypt and praised the policies of an interim government struggling to stabilize the economy after the popular uprising.
    (Reuters, 6/5/11)

2011        Jun 12, In Egypt Ilan Grapel, an Israeli legal aid worker, was arrested in Cairo on suspicion of spying. In October Israel’s government announced plans for his release in exchange for 25 Egyptian prisoners. The exchange took place on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 13, Egypt’s military told human rights advocates that at least 7,000 civilians have been sentenced to prison terms by military courts since the ouster of Pres. Hosni Mubarak.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 16, Spain’s National Police arrested Hussein Salem, an Egyptian associate of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, in Mallorca. Police the next day said he had obtained money illegally in Egypt and sent it to accounts in Spain held by his family. Spain froze euro33 million ($47 million) in accounts held by Salem, who is also wanted back home.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 22, In Egypt unidentified assailants have killed two policemen and wounded another two when they opened fire on their patrol in northern Sinai.
    (AP, 6/22/11)

2011        Jun 23, An Egyptian state security court sentenced Tareq Hassan, an Egyptian businessman, to 25 years in prison for spying for Israel. Two Israeli citizens were also sentenced in absentia to 25 years in jail.
    (AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 25, Egypt’s Finance Minister Samir Radwan said Egypt said it will not borrow from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund after revising its budget and cutting the forecast deficit, even though a loan had been agreed.
    (Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, An Egyptian court sentenced Rachid Mohammed Rachid, the country's former industry and commerce minister, to five years in prison. Rachid, who was convicted in absentia of embezzling public funds, fled Cairo after the uprising that forced Mubarak from power.
    (AP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jun 26, In Egypt hundreds of protesters angry with the delays in the trial of ex-interior minister Habib Adly clashed with anti-riot police outside the courtroom.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 28, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolution of more than 1,750 municipal councils, seen as one of the last vestiges of Hosni Mubarak's rule. Security forces clashed with some 5,000 protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. Protesters demanded that the country's military rulers speed up the prosecution of security officers responsible for February protester deaths.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 29, Egyptian security forces clashed with hundreds of youths for a second day in Cairo over demands that the country's military rulers speed up the prosecution of police officers accused of brutality during mass protests that forced Hosni Mubarak to step down.
    (AP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jul 1, In Egypt hundreds rallied in Cairo's landmark Tahrir Square demanding speedy trials for former regime figures and policemen accused of killing protesters during the 18-day revolt earlier this year.
    (AP, 7/1/11)

2011        Jul 3, In Egypt the trial began of 48 people accused of involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian clashes on May 7 that left 12 people dead. Police and soldiers arrested around 50 people from the shanty town of Ezbet Abu Qarn in a drugs raid.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 3, Egypt's Nabil al-Arabi formally replaced his compatriot Amr Mussa as secretary general of the Arab League.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)

2011        Jul 4, In Egypt saboteurs bombed a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula, sending flames into the sky and cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan. 7 policemen charged with killing protesters were ordered released on bail. Angry families stormed a station where the suspects from Ezbet Abu Qarn were being held, triggering clashes with security forces in which an 18-year-old boy was killed.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)(AP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)

2011        Jul 5, An Egyptian court acquitted three Hosni Mubarak-era ministers of corruption charges while finding a fourth guilty in absentia. Judge Mohammed Fathi Sadek found not guilty Ahmed Maghrabi, Yousef Boutros-Ghali and Anas el-Fiqqi, former ministers of housing, finance and information, respectively. The court found former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid and two businessmen guilty of squandering public funds and profiteering. Rachid and one of the businessmen were sentenced in absentia to five years in prison.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, The EU announced action against Egyptian bean and seed imports, after tests indicated that a 15-ton batch of Egyptian fenugreek seeds imported in 2009 to Germany and then distributed elsewhere was at the root of an E.coli outbreak that killed 50 people.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 6, In Egypt hundreds of protesters pelted the security headquarters in the city of Suez with rocks, angered by a court's decision to uphold the release of seven policemen facing trials for allegedly killing 17 protesters in Suez during Egypt's uprising. In a bid to defuse rising anger, the Interior Ministry announced that hundreds of high-ranking police officers will be sacked for their role in the harsh crackdown.
    (AP, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 8, Egyptians held one of their biggest protests in months as tens of thousands took to the streets in Cairo and other cities to demand justice for victims of Hosni Mubarak's regime and press the country's new military rulers for a clear plan on transition to democracy.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 9, Prosecutor in Egypt's second city Alexandria ordered the arrest of 12 police officers accused of torturing to death Sayed Belal, a Salafi fundamentalist and suspect in a deadly New Year's church attack. PM Essam Sharaf pledged to meet the demands of protesters with a series of measures. Sharaf soon called for Interior Minister Mansour el-Issawi to fire 400 police officers accused of killing protesters. El-Issawi balked saying firing them would be illegal.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AFP, 7/10/11)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.A3)

2011        Jul 10, In Egypt protesters camped out at a central Cairo square blocked access to the Egyptian capital's largest government building and threatened to lay siege to the nearby Interior Ministry and state TV building if their demands are not met. The protesters demanded justice for the nearly 900 protesters killed by security forces during the 18-day uprising that toppled longtime leader Hosni Mubarak in February.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 12, Egypt's ruling military council insisted that it will not cede control over the transition from ousted president Hosni Mubarak's regime amid mounting anger over its handling of it. Anti-government protesters said about 30 assailants carrying knives and sticks stormed their tent camp in Cairo's central square, injuring six people. The official MENA news  reported that saboteurs have bombed a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula for the fourth time since February, cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 7/12/11)(AFP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 13, Egypt’s transitional military government announced the early retirement of 600 senior police officers in an effort to mollify protesters. 54 lower ranking officers were shifted to jobs where they no longer interact with civilians.
    (SFC, 7/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 14, Switzerland suspended imports of some seeds, beans and sprouts from Egypt, after the EU blamed Egyptian fenugreek seeds for E.coli outbreaks in Germany and France. The temporary ban would expire in October 31, 2011, in line with the EU's suspension.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 15, In Egypt thousands of protesters rallied across the country, capping a week of nationwide sit-ins to demand political change as anger grows with the military rulers over the slow pace of reform.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 17, Egypt's PM Essam Sharaf named 12 new Cabinet members in a reshuffle under pressure from protesters demanding a purge of remnants of the former regime.
    (AP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 19, Egypt's interior minister ordered 54 police officers, on trial for killing protesters, be transferred to desk jobs in the ministry.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 20, In Egypt Maj. Gen. Mamdouh Shaheen presented a new law barring foreign monitors for upcoming parliamentary elections. He said Egyptian election monitors will observe the process instead.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Jul 23, In Egypt groups of men armed with knives and sticks attacked thousands of protesters trying to march to the headquarters of the military rulers, setting off fierce street clashes and leaving more than 300 injured. The identity of the pro-army vigilantes could not immediately be determined.
    (AP, 7/23/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.41)

2011        Jul 29, In Egypt tens of thousands of people filled Cairo's central Tahrir Square for a rally that turned into a show of force for ultraconservative Salafi Muslims and other Islamists in their growing rift with liberal activists. 150 men in trucks and on motorbikes rampaged through El-Arish, firing assault rifles in the air, driving terrified residents into their homes. 3 civilians, an army officer and a police officer were killed in clashes that followed, and 19 people wounded. Armed forces arrested 12 men, including 3 Palestinians, suspected of involvement in the attack.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)

2011        Jul 30, In Egypt unidentified gunmen attacked a terminal on the gas pipeline to Israel for the fifth time since February.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)

2011        Aug 5, Egyptian army troops wielding batons and firing in the air dispersed dozens of activists holding a traditional Ramadan meal in Cairo's central Tahrir square.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, In Egypt a Coptic Christian was killed and four Muslims were wounded in clashes in the southern province of Minya after clashes triggered by a road accident.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 9, Dozens of Egyptians angered by the absence of police protection in their town set fire to a police station In Garga after looting its armory and freeing jailed inmates. The crowd stormed the police station in protest at what they said was the police's failure to protect them from attacks from a neighboring village. The trouble between Garga and the neighboring village of Nagaa Uweis began Aug 7 after a fight between two drivers, one from Garga and the other from Nagaa Uweis, escalated into a gunfight.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)

2011        Aug 12, In Egypt hundreds of protesters rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, briefly scuffling with riot police and defying the military rulers who are eager to prevent any demonstrations in the iconic square since forcefully clearing a weekslong sit-in by youth activists last week.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 13, Egypt's largest political group, the Muslim Brotherhood, warned the country's military rulers not to interfere in the writing of a new constitution.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 15, Egyptian troops, backed by armored vehicles, carried out five raids in el-Arish, the provincial capital of North Sinai. In one location, they clashed with gunmen, killing one. Ten suspects and six wanted criminals were also arrested. A Cairo judge stopped live TV broadcasts of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's trial.
    (AP, 8/15/11)

2011        Aug 17, An Egyptian military tribunal sentenced two young activists to 6-months in prison after convicting them of insulting the army.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 18, In southern Israel assailants armed with heavy weapons, guns and explosives launched three attacks in quick succession near the border with Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, killing 8 people and wounding about a dozen more. Israeli security forces tracked down some of the assailants and are engaged in an ongoing gunbattle with them. 3 Egyptian security personnel died as a result of the gunbattles. 2 more died from wounds the next day. A 6th died from wounds in September. Israel responded hours after the border attack with an airstrike in Gaza that killed five members of the Palestinian group that Israel said was behind it, an organization known as the Popular Resistance Committees. The dead included the group's leader.
    (AP, 8/18/11)(AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)

2011        Aug 20, Egypt said it would recall its ambassador from Israel to protest the deaths of at least 3 Egyptian troops killed in a shootout between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 27, National carrier Egyptair resumed direct flights to Iraq after a break of 21 years.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Sep 3, Witnesses said Egypt's military has started to close smuggling tunnels to Gaza, amid Israeli warnings of plans by Gazan militants to attack the Jewish state through Egyptian territory.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 6, Egyptian football fans clashed with police in a Cairo stadium, injuring nearly 80 people, after they chanted slogans against ousted president Hosni Mubarak and torched dozens of cars.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 7, Egypt's military rulers froze new licenses for private satellite TV stations, in a restriction that activists say harkens back to the crackdown on freedom of expression under ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 9/8/11)

2011        Sep 9, In Egypt thousands demonstrated in Cairo's Tahrir Square against the pace of reform under the country's military rulers. Smaller crowds demonstrated in other Egyptian cities. Hundreds of protesters tore down a concrete security wall that authorities had recently erected outside the Israel embassy building. Young men battered the wall with sledgehammers, ripping off chunks with their bare hands. Protesters were able to get to the top of the building and pull down the Israeli flag, which they replaced with the Egyptian flag.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 10, Israel’s ambassador to Egypt and the entire embassy staff except for one deputy ambassador were evacuated along with their families in the face of the overnight rampage at the Nile-side embassy in Cairo. The Health Ministry said three people were killed and more than 1,000 people hurt during the street clashes between the protesters and police outside the embassy.
    (AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 11, Egypt's vice president reached out to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups as part of a new offer of sweeping concessions including press freedom and an eventual end to hated emergency laws.
    (AP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 15, In Egypt steel magnate Ahmed Ezz, once a leading figure in the former ruling party, was sentenced along with former government official Amr Assal. The two were fined a total of $110 million dollars. Former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid, who remains at large, was sentenced to 15 years in jail and ordered to pay a 237 million dollar fine for approving production licenses to Ezz without auctioning them publicly first.
    (AP, 9/15/11)

2011        Sep 18, Egyptian businessman and former Tourism Minister Zohair Garanah was sentenced to three years in prison after being convicted of corruption. He was already serving a five-year jail term for allowing investors to illegally acquire state land. His first sentence was passed by a Cairo court on May 10.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Sep 19, Egypt barred formation of a new political party by al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya, an Islamist group that was once involved in a bloody insurgency, because its proposed party is based on "religious grounds in violation of the law."
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 27, In Egypt assailants in two pickup trucks struck a pumping station on a gas pipeline to Israel about 15 miles (25 km) west of the region's main city of el-Arish before, causing a loud explosion and fire.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Sep 28, An Egyptian court convicted Anas al-Fiqqi, former Pres. Mubarak's powerful information minister, on corruption charges and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

2011        Sep 29, Egyptian security officials raided the Cairo office of Al Jazeera, roughing up staff and confiscating equipment. This was the second raid this month by authorities complaining the station is operating without permits.
    (AP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 30, In Egypt several thousand protesters demanded the country's military rulers put an end to emergency laws dating back to the rule of ousted President Hosni Mubarak. A church was burned down in Merinab village after Aswan provincial governor Mustafa al-Seyyed was reported as saying Copts had built it without the required planning permission.
    (AP, 9/30/11)(AFP, 10/4/11)

2011        Oct 4, Egyptian protesters also demanded the release of blogger Michael Nabil (26), who was sentenced to three years' hard labor in April by a military court for having "insulted" the army in his writings. The blogger was on the 43rd day of a hunger strike, after his appeal hearing was adjourned to October 11.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)

2011        Oct 5, Three Egyptian columnists withheld their regular commentaries in an independent daily to protest what they said was censorship by the country's military rulers.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 9, In Egypt some 1,000 Christian protesters tried to stage a peaceful sit-in outside the state television building along the Nile in downtown Cairo. The protesters said they were attacked by "thugs" with sticks and the violence then spiraled out of control after a speeding military vehicle jumped up onto a sidewalk and rammed into some of the Christians. 27 people were killed including at least 3 soldiers. Wael Mikhael, a cameraman working for a Coptic Christian broadcaster, was among those killed. On Oct 25 the New-York based Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation of the deaths and urged authorities to transfer investigation of the case from military to civilian prosecutors.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/13/11)(AP, 10/25/11)

2011        Oct 10, In Egypt small skirmishes broke out again in Cairo outside the Coptic hospital where many of the Christian victims were taken the night before. Several hundred Christians pelted police with rocks as the screams of grieving women rang out from inside the hospital.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 11, Egypt's finance minister and deputy prime minister resigned in protest over the government's handling of deadly weekend protests that left 27 dead, most of them Coptic Christians. Some 20,000 mourners chanted slogans denouncing the ruling military during a funeral procession overnight for 17 Christians killed in the Cairo protest.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 11, Israel and Hamas announced that Sgt. Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier abducted to Gaza five years ago, would be swapped for about 1,000 Palestinians held by Israel and accused of militant activity. The next morning the Israeli Cabinet endorsed the Egyptian-brokered deal in a 26-3 vote. Shalit was expected to return via Egypt by Oct 19.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 15, Egypt’s transitional military rulers issued a decree prohibiting all forms of discrimination including on the basis of religion.
    (SSFC, 10/16/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 15, Egypt's Gamaa Islamiya, or Islamic Group, posted on its website a notice mourning the death in Afghanistan of Ahmed Abdel Rahman, the son of the "Blind Sheik" now serving a life sentence in the US for his involvement in a plot to blow up NYC landmarks.
    (AP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 16, The Arab League called an emergency meeting in Cairo to discuss whether to suspend Syria. The Arab League said that it would make contact with the Damascus government and a raft of opposition groups with the aim of launching "national dialogue within the seat of the Arab League and under its guidance within 15 days." Security forces opened fire on a funeral for a slain activist in the east. Security forces arrested at least 44 people in the capital's suburbs in house-to-house raids. The Observatory for Human Rights in Syria said 923 people from Homs have been arrested in the past week.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 17, A senior Egyptian Justice Ministry official said that the two sons of ousted President Hosni Mubarak have an estimated $340 million in Swiss bank accounts.
    (AP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 18, An Egyptian court ordered blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad, who is serving a three-year sentence for insulting the armed forces, confined to a psychiatric clinic for 45 days after he began a hunger strike.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)

2011        Oct 21, Egyptian political talk show host Yosri Fouda suspended his “The Final Word" program indefinitely to protest efforts by the military rulers to stifle free expression.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 22, Egypt's judicial union called on judges to refrain from showing up to court until they receive protection from authorities after what they say are assaults by lawyers. The call came amid increasing tension between judges and lawyers over a bill written by the Judges Club that would toughen penalties on lawyers in cases of contempt of court.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Egypt’s MENA state news agency said a Cairo court has sentenced Ayman Mansour to three years in prison for postings on Facebook deemed to be inciting sectarianism and in contempt of Islam.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 24, Thousands of Egyptian police launched a nationwide strike to demand better salaries and a purge of former regime officials from senior security posts.
    (AP, 10/24/11)

2011        Oct 27, Five Arab Spring activists won the European parliament's Sakharov prize awarded to campaigners for freedom. They include Mohamed Bouazizi of Tunisia, awarded posthumously, Egyptian militant Asmaa Mahfouz, Libyan dissident Ahmed al-Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, Syrian lawyer Razan Zeitouneh and Syrian cartoonist Ali Farzat.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Egypt Ilan Grapel (27), an Israeli held by Egypt since June 12 on espionage charges, was freed in exchange for 25 Egyptian citizens, mostly Bedouin residents of Sinai charged with smuggling.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 28, In Egypt several thousand protesters in Cairo called on the ruling military to promptly transfer power to a civilian government and exclude old regime figures from politics. Protesters clashed with soldiers and police in Cairo after a funeral procession for a man a rights group claims died from police torture after he was caught smuggling a mobile phone chip into his cell.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 30, Egypt's ruling military jailed Alaa Abdel Fatah, a veteran dissident and blogger, on charges of inciting deadly clashes between soldiers and Christians this month.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)

2011        Oct 31, More than 3,000 Egyptians marched through downtown Cairo, protesting the military's arrest of Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a prominent blogger-activist, in the latest sign of discontent with the ruling generals' managing of the country.
    (AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Nov 2, An Egyptian government newspaper reported that the justice ministry has agreed to a constitutional amendment to allow millions of Egyptians living abroad to vote in parliamentary elections. An estimated 8 million Egyptians lived abroad, many of them in other Arab countries, out of a total population of 80 million. The ruling generals announced the pardon of 334 civilians who were sentenced in military tribunals since the uprising that toppled Pres. Mubarak.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)(SFC, 11/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 2, Arab foreign ministers met anew in Cairo to step up pressure on Syria to end nearly eight months of deadly violence. Gunmen stormed a factory in Syria’s province of Homs killing 10 workers while security forces shot dead 4 civilians in several Homs neighborhoods. Damascus pledged to withdraw its forces from protest centers under a plan put forth by the Arab league. Not timetable was set.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)(AFP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 3, Egypt's military rulers triggered a new public outcry with a proposal that critics saw as an attempt to enshrine a supreme political role for themselves in a new constitution.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 4, Farid al-Dib, lawyer for the family of Hosni Mubarak, said in a published interview that $340 million held in Swiss banks by the two sons of the ousted Egyptian president, and frozen there, are "legal profits" from consulting abroad.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 6, In Egypt 11 Hungarian tourists were killed and 27 injured when their bus overturned in the Red Sea resort of Hurghada.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)

2011        Nov 10, In Egypt 2 explosions a gas pipeline halting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 12, Egyptian police arrested Abdel-Halim Hassan Heneidi, a militant leader, in the northern Sinai town of el-Arish.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Egypt Jeff Francois, a Canadian tourist, died of a gunshot wounds He was shot on Nov 9 when members of a feuding family opened fire on his car when his driver refused to stop at an illegal checkpoint in the town of al-Samata.
    (AP, 11/12/11)

2011        Nov 13, Egyptian security forces arrested Mohammed Eid Muslih Hamad, aka "El-Tihi," in the northern Sinai town of el-Arish. Officials said he was the leader of an al-Qaida-inspired group in the Sinai peninsula that was behind attacks on police and on a gas pipeline that transports fuel to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 14, Egyptian security forces arrested Abdel Karim Mohammed Ahmed and Ahmed Salem Awad of the radical Islamist Al-Takfeer wal Hijra during a sweep in the north Sinai town of El-Arish.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 17, In Egypt attackers threw rocks and broken glass at a march by Coptic Christians in Cairo, injuring 10, in the latest outbreak of sectarian violence.
    (AP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 18, Tens of thousands of Egyptians, dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, rallied in Cairo's Tahrir square to protest against what they say are attempts by the country's military rulers to designate themselves as the guardians of a new Egypt. It was one of the largest rallies in Egypt in recent months.
    (AP, 11/18/11)

2011        Nov 19, Egyptian police fired rubber bullets and tear gas in clashes with protesters on as they broke up a sit-in organized by people injured during the Arab Spring, triggering a heated skirmish. Two protesters were killed.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)(SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A6)

2011        Nov 20, Egyptian riot police clashed for a second day in downtown Cairo with some five thousand rock-throwing protesters demanding that the ruling military quickly announce a date to hand over power to an elected government. Egypt's culture minister resigned in protest at the government response to demonstrations in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/20/11)(AFP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 21, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas and clashed with several thousand protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square in the third straight day of violence that has turned into the most sustained challenge yet to the rule of Egypt's military. 19 more people were killed over night raising the death toll to 24 since the violence began on Nov 19. Egypt's military-appointed cabinet of civilian officials announced its resignation late in the day, but state television quoted a SCAF source as saying this was rejected by the military. 3 American students (Derrik Sweeney (19) of Georgetown University, Luke Gates (21) of Indiana University student, and Gregory Porter (19) of Drexel University student) accused of throwing firebombs, were among those arrested. They were ordered released on Nov 24.
    (AP, 11/21/11)(AFP, 11/22/11)(SFC, 11/23/11, p.A4)(AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 22, In Egypt tens of thousands of protesters swarmed Cairo's Tahrir Square to demand an end to military rule, as the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) was locked in crisis talks with a number of political forces in a bid to defuse the crisis.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)

2011        Nov 23, Egyptian police clashed with anti-government protesters for a fifth day in central Cairo as a rights group raised the overall death toll from the ongoing unrest to at least 38. The UN strongly condemned what it called the use of excessive force by security forces.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov 24, Egypt's military rulers said that parliamentary elections will start on schedule next week despite escalating unrest and they rejected protesters' calls for them to immediately step down. A court ordered the release of 3 American university students arrested on Nov 21. Mona Eltahawy (44), a prominent Egyptian-born US columnist, was sexually assaulted by local police, who beat and blindfolded her after she was detained near Tahrir Square during clashes, leaving her left arm and right hand broken and in casts.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 25, Egypt's military rulers announced that Kamal el-Ganzouri (78), a prime minister from ousted leader Hosni Mubarak's era, will head the next government. Tens of thousands of demonstrators packed Cairo's Tahrir Square after days of deadly clashes, demanding the military rulers step down and rejecting their choice of new prime minister. The Tahrir protest was countered by a rival demonstration in a square about three km (two miles) away, where more than 10,000 people gathered to show support for the military chanting "Down with Tahrir."
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a gas pipeline which supplies Egyptian gas to Israel, in the eighth such attack this year.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt Mona al-Gharib (25), the pregnant wife of Syrian dissident and journalist Thaer al-Nashef, was reportedly abducted in Egypt by Syrian intelligence agents.
    (AP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 26, Egyptian security forces clashed with protesters camped outside the Cabinet building, leaving one man dead, as tensions rose two days ahead of parliamentary elections being held despite mass demonstrations against military rule. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi met separately with Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei and another presidential hopeful Amr Moussa, who was the former Arab League chief. 24 protest groups, including two political parties, have announced they are creating their own "national salvation" government to be headed by ElBaradei.
    (AP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 27, In Egypt thousands of protesters filled Cairo's Tahrir Square for another massive demonstration to push for the military to immediately return to their barracks in favor of a civilian presidential council.
    (AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 28, Egyptians turned out in long lines at voting stations in their nation's first parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, a giant step toward what they hope will be a democracy after decades of dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/28/11)

2011        Nov 29, In Egypt long lines formed at polling stations for a second day of voting and the head of the election commission, Abdel-Mooaez Ibrahim, proclaimed turnout so far had been "massive and unexpected." The voting process is staggered over the next six weeks across 27 provinces, divided into thirds with runoffs held a week after the first round in each location.
    (AP, 11/29/11)

2011        Nov, In Egypt nearly two weeks of street fighting on downtown Cairo's Mohammed Mahmoud street left 42 people dead.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

2011        Dec 3, Early results from Egypt's first post-revolution election showed Islamist parties sweeping to victory, including hardline Salafists, with secular parties trounced in many areas. Full results after the first Nov 28-29 voting, which saw 62 percent turnout, have been delayed several times.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)

2011        Dec 4, In Egypt initial election results showed that Islamist parties won 65% of all votes cast for parties in the first round of parliamentary polls. The secular liberals, who played a key part in the January-February uprising, managed just 13.4%.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 5, Egyptian voters headed to the polls for two days of runoffs in the country's first parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster. Islamist parties have already captured an overwhelming majority of the votes in the first round.
    (AP, 12/5/11)

2011        Dec 7, Egypt's military ruler swore-in a new government that he says will have more powers than its predecessor. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi promised to transfer some of his ruling military council's executive powers to PM Kamal el-Ganzouri. The Freedom and Justice Party said in a statement that it won 36 of the 56 seats awarded to individual candidates in voting which concluded on Dec 6. A member of the junta said the army would have a final say over those appointed to write a new constitution next year.
    (AP, 12/7/11)(AFP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 8, Egypt's biggest political group the Muslim Brotherhood clashed with the country's army leaders on Thursday, accusing them of trying to "marginalize" parliament over the writing of a new constitution.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 13, Egyptian PM Kamal al-Ganzuri said that 20,103 political prisoners had been released since February when a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 14, Egyptians turned out in large numbers to vote in the second round of parliamentary elections that have become a stiff competition between dominant Islamist parties likely to steer the country in a more religious direction. A military court sentenced a political activist to two years in prison after convicting him of criticizing the armed forces and publishing false information. Maikel Nabil Sanad was arrested in March and sentenced to three years, but the case was appealed and sent for retrial.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 15, Egyptians headed to the polls again in a phased election to choose the first post-revolution parliament, as liberals faced an uphill battle to compete with Islamist parties.
    (AFP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 16, Egyptian troops clashed with petrol bomb-throwing protesters against military rule in Cairo, as the worst violence in weeks overshadowed the count in the second phase of a landmark general election. Fighting raged from dawn well into the night. The clashes left at least 8 people dead.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)(AFP, 12/17/11)

2011        Dec 17, In Egypt violence raged for a second day in the administrative heart of Cairo as troops and police deployed in force. The count continued in the second stage of elections for the lower house of parliament.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)

2011        Dec 18, Egypt's military sought to isolate pro-democracy activists protesting against their rule, depicting them as conspirators and vandals, as troops and protesters clashed for a third straight day. At least 10 protesters have been killed and 441 others wounded in the three days of violence.
    (AP, 12/18/11)

2011        Dec 19, Egyptian soldiers in riot gear swept through Cairo's Tahrir Square and opened fire on protesters demanding an immediate end to military rule. The Health Ministry said at least three people were killed, bringing the death toll for four days of clashes to 14.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 20, Egyptian troops and riot police raided Tahrir again in their latest attempt to evict protesters. Some 10,000 angry women marched in central Cairo to denounce the attacks on protesters and call on the ruling generals to step down. Their anger was mostly focused on the case of the woman stripped half naked and beaten. At least 14 people have been killed in five days of clashes. 
    (AP, 12/20/11)(AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 21, In Egypt voting in election runoffs for the first parliament since Hosni Mubarak's ouster resumed without the long lines outside polling centers seen in previous rounds of the staggered vote.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 22, Egypt's military-appointed PM Kamal el-Ganzouri called for national dialogue to resolve the country's political crisis and pleaded for a two-month calm to restore security after weeks of protests and bloodshed. Some 3,000 students from Ain Shams University in Cairo marched after a prayer service for a student killed in the recent clashes. Turnout was light in the second day of voting in run-off elections.
    (AP, 12/22/11)

2011        Dec 23, Several thousand Egyptians rallied in Cairo's central Tahrir Square to denounce violence against protesters, especially outraged by images of women protesters dragged by their hair, beaten and kicked by troops. Thousands turned out for rival protests in Cairo, exposing the widening rifts among Egyptians over the ruling military's handling of transition from Hosni Mubarak's rule.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AFP, 12/23/11)

2011        Dec 24, In Egypt Islamist parties consolidated earlier gains in the multistage parliamentary elections, winning nearly 70 percent of the seats determined so far. The Muslim Brotherhood said it won around 86 of estimated 180 seats up for grabs in the round, or 47%.
    (AP, 12/24/11)

2011        Dec 25, An Egyptian investigative judge ordered the release today of Alaa Abdel-Fattah (30), a prominent blogger detained on Oct 30 by the ruling military, which had accused him of attacking soldiers during deadly clashes in October.
    (AP, 12/25/11)

2011        Dec 27, An Egyptian court ordered the Egyptian army to stop forced virginity tests on female detainees, months after the practice sparked a national outcry and stained the ruling military's reputation.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)

2011        Dec 29, Egyptian soldiers and police stormed non-governmental organization offices throughout the country, banning employees inside from leaving while they interrogated them and searched through computer files. At least 18 offices were targeted in the raid. A court acquitted five policemen of charges of killing five protesters and wounding six others during the 18-day uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak's longtime regime.
    (AP, 12/29/11)

2011        Nezar AlSayyad authored “Cairo: Histories of a City."
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.F7)

2012        Jan 3, Egyptians lined up in front of polling centers in nine provinces to cast their ballots in the third and final round of the country's first parliamentary elections following the ouster of Hosni Mubarak. The two-day balloting is taking place in areas known as strongholds of Islamist parties and is unlikely to change the outcome of the elections.
    (AP, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 4, Egyptians voted again in the final round of a phased election to choose the first parliament since a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak in February last year.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 7, Egypt's two main Islamist parties claimed to have together taken 62.2 percent of the vote in the final stage of a general election, maintaining their lead in the overall contest.
    (AFP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 11, Egypt called off an annual Jewish festival in the Nile Delta, which draws Israeli pilgrims every year to the tomb of holy man Abu Hassira (Abi Hasira, aka Yaakov Abuhatzeira), a renowned religious figure from Morocco, who fell ill and died in Damanhur, Egypt, in 1880.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damanhur)
2012        Jan 11, Clashes between Egyptian troops and Bedouin in the Suez district east of Cairo killed three people as military police tried to evict the Bedouin from state-owned land.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 14, Egyptian telecom magnate Naguib Sawiris, a billionaire Coptic Christian who founded the liberal Free Egyptians party, faced trial for tweeting a cartoon of Mickey Mouse with a beard and Minnie Mouse in a face veil, joking that the cartoon characters would be forced to dress conservatively if Islamists took power. The trial was delayed as Sawiris failed to show.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)(AFP, 1/14/12)
2012        Jan 14, Egypt's reform leader Mohamed ElBaradei (69) said he is pulling out of the country's presidential race to protest the military's failure to put the country on the path to democracy.
    (AP, 1/14/12)

2012        Jan 16, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, the big winner in the first election since the ousting of President Hosni Mubarak last February, said it has joined several other parties in backing Saad el-Katatni. He's the secretary-general of the Brotherhood's own party.
    (AP, 1/16/12)

2012        Jan 18, In Egypt assailants attacked Nawara Negm, a prominent activist, as she left work at Cairo's Nileside state television headquarters. She said the beating took place while scores of policemen and army soldiers assigned to the protection of the TV building stood by and watched. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, delivered a thinly veiled warning to anti-military activists planning a wave of protests to mark the Jan. 25 anniversary of the start of the uprising.
    (AP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 19, Egypt’s Al-Ahram newspaper reported that a safe containing radioactive material was stolen from a site in Al-Dabaa, on the Mediterranean coast. The low-level radioactive material was stolen from a laboratory at a construction site for a nuclear power plant that is not yet operational. A day later the Al-Akhbar newspaper said that the experts who toured the site a day earlier found "no evidence of any theft of radioactive material" or any radioactive leakage.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 23, Egypt's parliament met for the first time since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak. The parliament elected Saad al-Katatni, a leading member of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, as speaker. The exact role of parliament remained unclear, with power remaining in the hands of the generals who took power from former president Mubarak.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)

2012        Jan 24, Egypt's military ruler decreed a partial lifting of the nation's hated emergency laws, saying the draconian laws will remain applicable to crimes committed by "thugs." This would become effective Jan 25, the first anniversary of the start of the popular uprising that toppled longtime authoritarian ruler Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 25, Tens of thousands of Egyptians rallied to mark the first anniversary of the country's 2011 uprising, with liberals and Islamists gathering on different sides of Cairo's Tahrir Square. The ruling generals have declared Jan. 25 a national holiday to mark the occasion. Previously, Jan. 25 was Police Day.
    (AP, 1/25/12)

2012        Jan 26, It was reported that Egypt has banned the son of US Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood and a number of other Americans from leaving the country as tensions rise over moves by Egyptian authorities to restrict the work of international rights organizations. LaHood's organizations was one of 10 raided last month by Egyptian authorities, who said they sought to determine if the groups were operating legally.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 27, In Egypt protesters marched to Cairo's Tahrir Square to join thousands there demanding democratic change. Today’s rallies marked a year since the army was deployed to control the deadly protests calling for an end to Mubarak's regime. Muslim Brotherhood supporters and secular protesters hurled bottles and rocks at each other and got into fistfights in Tahrir Square.
    (AFP, 1/27/12)(AP, 1/27/12)

2012        Jan 29, Egyptians voted for the upper house of parliament, in elections that are the latest step in the country's planned transition from military to civilian rule. Voting took place in 13 provinces for the first stage of elections for the largely advisory Shura Council. A second stage will take place on Feb. 14-15.
    (AP, 1/29/12)

2012        Jan 30, In Egypt 7 gunmen charged into the New Cairo branch of HSBC Bank on the city's outskirts, firing their weapons in the air, and took money from tellers. 3 gunmen robbed an armored car as it unloaded money at another bank in southern Cairo, fleeing with over 3 million Egyptian pounds ($542,000 dollars).
    (AP, 1/30/12)

2012        Jan 31, Egypt's newly elected lawmakers took aim at the country's military rulers Tuesday, accusing them of trampling on democratic norms and overstepping their powers by passing laws, including a crucial one regulating presidential elections. Several hundred protesters rallied outside parliament, calling on lawmakers to press the military rulers to hold speedier and fair trials for former regime officials and settle retribution claims by the families of those killed during protests.
    (AP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 31, Egyptian Bedouins took 25 Chinese factory workers hostage in the northern Sinai Peninsula. The group demanded the release of militants jailed for a 2005 bombing in Sharm el-Sheikh at the tip of the Egyptian Sinai. All 25 workers were released by the next day.
    (AFP, 1/31/12)(AFP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 1, In Egypt fans from the local Al-Masry team in Port Said chased supporters of the visiting Al-Ahly soccer club with knives, clubs and stones. Hundreds fled into the exit corridor, only to be crushed against a locked gate, their rivals attacking from behind. The Interior Ministry said 74 people died, including one police officer, and 248 were injured, 14 of them police.
    (AP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 2, Egyptians ranging from soccer fans to lawmakers blamed the country's military rulers for a bloody post-match riot as anger mounted over the failure of police to stop the violence. PM Kamal el-Ganzouri dissolved the Egyptian Soccer Federation's board and referred its members for questioning by prosecutors.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 2, The World Bank said Egypt has asked for a $1.0 billion loan to help it rebuild its economy.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 3, In Egypt Bedouin gunmen intercepted a tourist minivan and snatched two female American tourists and their Egyptian guide at gunpoint near St. Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula. They were released unharmed after several hours. 4 masked gunmen stopped the vehicle of two Italians working for a local food factory in the nearby city of Suez, taking their car, more than 10,000 euros ($13,000) and their laptops. Police in Cairo fired salvos of tear gas and birdshot at protesters angry over a deadly soccer riot as fresh clashes on Egyptian streets killed 5 people. 6 more died of the wounds over the next 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/3/12)(AFP, 2/3/12)(AP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 4, In Egypt protesters faced off with police in Cairo for a third day in deadly clashes sparked by anger at the failure of military rulers to prevent football-linked violence that left scores dead.
    (AFP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 5, Egyptian investigating judges referred 44 NGO workers, including 19 Americans, to trial before a criminal court for allegedly being involved in banned activities and illegally receiving foreign funds. The decision also slapped a travel ban on all those referred to trial. The military rulers faced mounting pressure on two fronts, with a fourth day of violent street protests spearheading calls to speed up the transfer of power to a civilian administration and the US threatening to cut more than a billion dollars in badly needed aid. Since Feb 2 twelve people have been killed in Cairo and Suez.
    (AP, 2/5/12)(AFP, 2/5/12)

2012        Feb 6, In Egypt a 5th day of clashes with police continued outside Cairo's security headquarters in the wake of deadly football violence and calls by activists for civil disobedience. At least one protester was killed.
    (AFP, 2/6/12)

2012        Feb 8, An Egyptian production company said "the student members of the Muslim Brotherhood at Ain Shams University had prevented the film crew from the 'Dhat' TV series from shooting the scenes set at the university." The series, adapted from the novel "Dhat" by Egyptian author Sonallah Ibrahim, takes place in the 1970s, "when women wore short clothing."
    (AFP, 2/9/12)

2012        Feb 10, In Egypt hundreds of protesters marched to the defense ministry in Cairo demanding the military rulers' ouster, on the eve of a planned civil disobedience campaign to mark Hosni Mubarak's overthrow a year ago. Armed tribesmen kidnapped three South Korean tourists and their Egyptian guide in the Sinai peninsula. All 4 were released the next day and plan to continue their tour.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)(AP, 2/10/12)(AFP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 11, In Egypt student activists held strikes to mark a year since they toppled Hosni Mubarak, leaving an increasingly unpopular and defiant military in charge. The planned day of civil disobedience and strikes saw only a small turnout.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 12, In Egypt a UN freelance consultant was fatally shot in the head while driving through an upscale Cairo neighborhood in a random daytime shooting. She was a consultant with the women's fund at the United Nations in Cairo and also worked at a medical lab.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, The Arab League foreign ministers meeting in Cairo adopted a draft resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire in Syria and called on the UN Security Council to pass a resolution creating a joint peacekeeping force for Syria. Al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri threw the terror network's support behind Syrian rebels trying to topple President Bashar Assad. Arab League chief Nabil Elaraby accepted the resignation of Gen. Mohammed Ahmed Al-Dabi, the head of the Syrian observer mission, and nominated former Jordanian Foreign Minister Abdullah al-Khatib as the new envoy.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 17, Thousands of Egyptians rallied in the Mediterranean city of Port Said, saying that its residents were not behind a deadly soccer riot earlier this month that killed 74 people.
    (AP, 2/17/12)

2012        Feb 18, A Palestinian official in Gaza said Egypt has promised to provide diesel fuel for the Gaza Strip's sole power plant, which went down Feb 14 after running out of fuel.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)

2012        Feb 19, Egypt said it was withdrawing its ambassador to Syria, the latest Arab country to scale back its relations with the embattled regime in Damascus.
    (AP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 23, In Egypt Abdel-Moneim Abolfotoh, a leading Islamist and presidential hopeful, suffered a concussion after a carjacking attack on a highway to Cairo.
    (AP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb 28, Egyptians voted the Shura Council, a feeble upper house of parliament. Voter turnout shrank to 6.5%.
    (Econ, 3/10/12, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shura_Council)
2012        Feb 28, In Egypt all three judges pulled out of the trial of 43 pro-democracy workers, including 16 Americans, throwing into question the case that has ripped US-Egypt relations.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

2012        Feb 29, Egypt announced that 7 American pro-democracy workers, accused of instigating unrest, are free to leave the country. 9 other Americans up for trial had had already left the country. Altogether 15 NGO suspects left the country after each defendant had paid two million pounds (roughly $330,000/247,000 euros) in bail.
    (SFC, 3/1/12, p.A2)(AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Feb 29, Saudi Arabia said that it would honor a pledge of $3.75 billion in aid to Egypt, after complaints by the Egyptian premier that donor countries were failing to respect their commitments.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 3, Egyptian lawmakers clashed over who should have the right to draft the country's constitution, in a heated debate focusing on the influence of Islamists on the crucial document and how religiously conservative Egypt will be.
    (AP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, A Cairo court dismissed a complaint against Christian tycoon Naguib Sawaris accused of insulting Islam with a cartoon of Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse in conservative Muslim garb. Hardline Islamist lawyer and MP Mamduh Ismail said he would appeal.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)

2012        Mar 5, In Egypt the ultra conservative Islamist party al-Nur said Islamist MP Anwar al-Bilkimy has been forced to resign from parliament and from his party after claiming that he was injured in a carjacking, when he had in fact had a nose job.
    (AFP, 3/5/12)
2012        Mar 5, Egyptian security officials said the number of weapons smuggled into Egypt across the Libyan border is on the increase, with thousands of weapons flooding into the country. Residents of southern Egypt, where extended families often accumulate large arsenals to protect property and settle feuds, were the main buyers. Security officials said militants have again blown up a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula that transports fuel to Israel.
    (AP, 3/5/12)(SFC, 3/6/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 7, In Egypt the Cairo Criminal Court acquitted policeman Mohammed Abdel-Moneim, who was sentenced to death for shooting 20 protesters on Jan. 28 last year in front of a Cairo police station. The court did not give reasons for its ruling.
    (AP, 3/7/12)

2012        Mar 8, In Egypt a trial against foreign non-profit groups reopened. Robert Becker, the last American facing criminal charges in the trial, appeared in court. 15 other Americans had already left Egypt, but Becker chose to stay and face charges.
    (SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 10, Arab and Russian foreign ministers meeting in Cairo called for an end to the violence in Syria "whatever its source," as they struggled try to find common ground on ways to resolve the deadly conflict. Qatari Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani said that it was time to send Arab and foreign troops to Syria.
    (AFP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 12, Egyptian police said 10 people were killed when the soil caved in on them as they were illegally digging for ancient treasures under a house in the village of Arab al-Manasra, north of Luxor.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 15, Egypt's top prosecutor charged 75 people in connection with the deadly Feb 1 soccer riot last month in the Mediterranean city of Port Said in which authorities said fans were thrown to their death off the stadium walls and others killed by explosives as they tried to flee.
    (AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 16, Hundreds of Egyptian activists rallied in Cairo, lambasting a recent military tribunal ruling that cleared a military doctor of charges he forced a "virginity test" on female activists.
    (AP, 3/17/12)

2012        Mar 17, In Egypt Pope Shenouda III (b.1923), the patriarch of the Coptic Orthodox Church since 1971, died. He led Egypt's Christian minority for 40 years during a time of increasing tensions with Muslims.
    (AP, 3/18/12)

2012        Mar 19, An Egyptian military court acquitted Mohammed al-Zawahiri, the brother of Al-Qaeda's leader Ayman, overturning a death sentence in a new trial. The trial also acquitted several other former militants including Sayyed Imam Fadl, once the spiritual leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and mentor of Ayman al-Zawahiri.
    (AFP, 3/19/12)

2012        Mar 20, A Egyptian court in Cairo gave suspended one-year sentences to 11 policemen accused of killing 22 protesters and wounding 44 others during last year’s uprising that ousted Pres. Mubarak.
    (SFC, 3/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 22, A dispute between Egypt and Gaza's Hamas government has produced the worst energy crisis here in years: Gazans are enduring 18-hour-a-day blackouts, fuel is running low for hospital backup generators, raw sewage pours into the Mediterranean Sea for lack of treatment pumps and gas stations have shut down. The Gaza power plant shut down on Feb. 10 and has been mostly offline since.
    (AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 23, Egyptian officials reached an agreement with Israel to permit the transfer of fuel to enable Gaza's sole power plant to function. Some 450,000 liters of fuel were delivered to the crisis-hit Gaza Strip through Israel's Kerem Shalom border crossing.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 23, The Obama administration said it would resume military aid to Egypt.
    (SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 24, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament and senate began meeting to elect a panel to draft a new constitution amid calls by liberal groups for protests against Islamist influence over the charter.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)
2012        Mar 24, Egyptian soldiers and police clashed overnight with thousands of angry soccer fans in a Suez Canal city over the suspension of their club following a deadly riot last month. One teenager was reported killed with a gunshot to the back.
    (AP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 25, Egypt's newly empowered Islamists have tightened their grip, giving themselves a majority on a 100-member panel tasked with drafting a constitution that will define the shape of the government in the post-Hosni Mubarak era. The panel will have nearly 60 Islamists, including 37 legislators selected the day before by parliament's two chambers.
    (AP, 3/25/12)

2012        Mar 26, In Egypt two prominent liberal politicians pulled out from a panel tasked with drafting a new constitution after Islamists won a majority of seats on the body. The 100-member panel selected over the weekend includes nearly 60 Islamists and only six women and six minority Christians.
    (AP, 3/26/12)
2012        Mar 26, In Egypt 3 people were killed and a dozen others injured when a tugboat engine exploded in the Suez Canal. Movement in the vital waterway was not affected.
    (AFP, 3/26/12)

2012        Mar 27, In Egypt liberal and leftist parties announced that they have pulled out of a panel drafting Egypt's new constitution, accusing Islamists of monopolizing the process that will deliver the country's post-revolution charter. Cairo's Administrative Court began looking into the legitimacy of the constitutional panel after lawsuits were filed by several legal experts who argue that the constitution cannot be drafted by those whose role it will define.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)

2012        Mar 28, In Egypt members of a controversial panel tasked with drafting a new constitution elected Muslim Brotherhood member Saad al-Katatni, currently the speaker of parliament, to head the committee.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)

2012        Mar 29, Egyptian political parties reached an agreement to boost their representation in a disputed constitutional panel dominated by Islamists. 14 parties, including the main Islamist ones, supported the compromise and five opposed.
    (AFP, 3/29/12)

2012        Mar 30, In Egypt dozens of anti-military activists tore down a wall in central Cairo erected by the military in December to end bloody clashes with protesters.
    (AFP, 3/30/12)

2012        Mar 31, Five Egyptian Copts, including two teenage girls, were crushed to death at the tomb of their spiritual leader Pope Shenuda III who died last week. Monastery officials had allowed visitors to visit Shenuda's tomb, prompting a rush to the desert monastery.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2012        Apr 2, Egypt's official MENA news agency reported that the Coptic Orthodox church has decided to boycott an Islamist-dominated panel charged with drafting the future constitution.
    (AFP, 4/2/12)

2012        Apr 5, Egyptian security forces and military aircraft searched south-eastern Sinai for militants believed to be behind a rocket launch against Israel. A rocket fired from Egypt's Sinai desert hit the southern Israeli resort city of Eilat early today There were no injuries.
    (AP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 10, An Egyptian court suspended a 100-member panel selected by lawmakers from the Islamist-dominated parliament and tasked with drafting the country's new constitution. The verdict referred the case to a panel of senior judges to look into the legality of the panel.
    (AP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, In Egypt residents blocked a motorway on the Libyan border to protest security restrictions on cross-border traffic and increased tariffs for lorries. Security forces intervened, leading to clashes that left two people dead and four injured.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 11, In Egypt Salafist politician Hazem Abu Ismail looked set to rejoin the presidential race after a court ruled that his mother was not a US citizen.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 12, Egypt’s Islamist-dominated parliament passed a new bill stripping senior Mubarak regime figures, such as ex-spy chief Omar Suleiman, from the right to run for office for the next 10 years. The ruling military council must ratify the bill before it can go into effect.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 13, In Egypt thousands of Islamists packed Cairo's Tahrir Square to pressure the country's ruling generals to bar Hosni Mubarak-era officials, including his former spy chief, from running in the upcoming presidential elections.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 14, Egypt's election commission disqualified 10 presidential hopefuls, including Hosni Mubarak's former spy chief and fundamentalist Islamists, from running in the race for the country's first post-revolutionary leader.
    (AP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 15, In Egypt Islamist militants driving vehicles mounted with machine guns opened fire on a police checkpoint in the Sinai peninsula, killing two policemen and injuring a third. In the port city of Suez, one person died and 24 were injured during a fire that raged for nearly 20 hours in the storage facilities of an oil company.
    (AP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 17, Egypt’s electoral commission on technical grounds barred 10 of 23 presidential candidates.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.62)
2012        Apr 17, A prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, Ahmed el-Gezawi, was arrested upon his arrival in the Saudi port of Jiddah. He was on his way to perform a minor pilgrimage. El-Gezawi had earlier filed a lawsuit in Egypt against King Abdullah over the alleged arbitrary detention of hundreds of Egyptians living in the kingdom. A rights group said he has criticized the monarch in television interviews.
    (AP, 4/24/12)

2012        Apr 20, In Egypt tens of thousands of protesters packed Cairo's downtown Tahrir Square in the biggest demonstration in months against the ruling military. But the crowds in Tahrir were divided between rival groups with differing complaints and goals.
    (AP, 4/20/12)

2012        Apr 22, Egypt said it had scrapped the 2005 gas export deal with Israel, which generates 40 percent of its electricity from natural gas, with Egypt providing 43 percent of its gas supplies. The balance comes from Israel's own Yam Thetis offshore gas field. East Mediterranean Gas Company (EMG), which exports the gas to Israel, said it was cancelled because the Israeli company failed to respect conditions stipulated in the contract.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)

2012        Apr 23, Egyptian authorities said they have denied permission to eight American nonprofit groups to operate locally, including a center headed by former President Jimmy Carter that monitors elections.
    (AP, 4/23/12)

2012        Apr 24, An Egyptian court upheld a conviction against popular comedian Adel Imam (71) for offending Islam in some of his most popular films. He was sentenced to 3 months in jail and fined around $170. On Sep 12 an appeals court said the lawyer was not personally harmed by the movies and had no standing to sue.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)(AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Apr 24, Hundreds of Egyptians noisily protested outside the Saudi Embassy to demand the release of an Egyptian human rights lawyer detained on April 17 in Saudi Arabia for allegedly insulting the kingdom's monarch.
    (AP, 4/24/12)

2012        Apr 26, Egypt's election commission released a final list of 13 candidates eligible to run in the May 23-24 presidential elections.
    (AP, 4/26/12)

2012        Apr 28, In Egypt reform leader Mohamed ElBaradei launched the Constitution Party, a new political party that he said aims to unite Egyptians and save the country's revolution from a messy democratic transition. Assailants attacked demonstrators gathered outside the Defense Ministry in Cairo to call for an end to military rule with rocks and firebombs, killing one protester and wounding 30.
    (AP, 4/28/12)(AP, 4/29/12)
2012        Apr 28, Saudi Arabia's official news agency said the kingdom has closed its embassy and consulates in Egypt and recalled its ambassador following protests over a detained Egyptian human rights lawyer Ahmed el-Gezawi.
    (AP, 4/28/12)

2012        Apr 29, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament decided to suspend sessions for a week in protest at the ruling military refusing to sack the government and name the Muslim Brotherhood's party to head a new one. One person was killed and 119 injured in clashes between Abu Ismail supporters and residents of the Abbassiya neighborhood in Cairo, where the defense ministry is located.
    (AFP, 4/29/12)(AFP, 5/2/12)

2012        May 2, In Egypt suspected supporters of the military rulers attacked predominantly Islamist anti-government protesters outside the Defense Ministry in Cairo, setting off clashes that left 20 dead as political tensions rise three weeks before crucial presidential elections.
    (AFP, 5/2/12)

2012        May 4, In Egypt thousands rallied against the country's ruling military council, two days after a flare-up of street violence left at least nine dead and fueled a wave of Islamist-led opposition to the generals ahead of presidential elections. Military prosecutors detained some 320 Egyptian protesters following clashes outside the country's Defense Ministry. Two people were reported killed and over 300 people injured.
    (AP, 5/4/12)(AFP, 5/5/12)

2012        May 5, Egypt's military ruler attended an unprecedented public funeral for a soldier killed in clashes with protesters. The army decided to hold 179 people, including 13 women, for 15 days pending investigation.
    (AFP, 5/5/12)

2012        May 6, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament approved a ban on the country's next president from sending civilians for trial by military tribunals, but preserving that power for the military itself.
    (AP, 5/6/12)

2012        May 7, In Egypt investigating judges sent 293 people to trial on charges related to protests last December that left 14 people dead in 4 days of clashes.
    (SFC, 5/8/12, p.A2)

2012        May 8, An Egyptian court upheld a one-year prison sentence for prominent activist Asmaa Mahfouz for assaulting a witness in an ongoing trial over a deadly clash between soldiers and Christians. She was in the United States and unable to attend the sentencing.
    (AFP, 5/8/12)

2012        May 11, Egyptian expatriates voted to replace ousted leader Hosni Mubarak in what were hoped to be the first genuinely contested presidential elections in the country's history. The general election begins May 23.
    (AP, 5/11/12)

2012        May 17, In Egypt a Cairo court found 14 policemen not guilty in the killing of protesters during last year’s popular uprising. They were among 200 security officers and former regime officials facing trial for the deaths of nearly 850 protesters.
    (SFC, 5/18/12, p.A2)
2012        May 17, Algerian singer Warda al-Jazairia (72), the Algerian Rose, died in Cairo. She was a regional icon whose powerful patriotic tunes were matched in popularity by her romantic ballads. She performed for presidents and popular audiences, reinventing herself over the decades to appeal to old and young alike.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)

2012        May 19, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development approved investment of 1.0 billion euros for expansion into north Africa and the Middle East under its first British president, Suma Chakrabarti, who a day earlier replaced Thomas Mirow from Germany. The EBRD is planning to invest specifically in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)

2012        May 21, An Egyptian court sentenced 12 Christians to life in prison and acquitted 8 Muslims in relations to the April, 2010, strife in Minya province that left 2 Muslims dead.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.A2)

2012        May 22, An Egyptian court sentenced five policemen to 10 years in prison in absentia for killing protesters, in a rare conviction of security officials accused of using deadly force against the demonstrations that overthrew Hosni Mubarak in 2011. Out of the 17 defendants who appeared before the Giza Criminal Court, two others received one-year suspended sentences while ten other policemen were acquitted.
    (AP, 5/22/12)

2012        May 23, Egyptians voted in presidential elections for the first time in generations. A field of 13 candidates ran in the 2-day vote. This first run was not expected to produce an outright winner. A runoff between the two top vote-getters will be held June 16-17.
    (AP, 5/23/12)

2012        May 25, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood predicted its candidate, Mohammed Morsi, would face former prime minister Ahmed Shafiq, a veteran of Mubarak's rule, in a runoff to be held on June 16-17. Counts from stations around the country reported by the state news agency gave Mohammed Morsi 25.3% and Ahmed Shafiq 24.9% with less than 100,000 votes difference.
    (AP, 5/25/12)(AP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 26, Egyptian presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq (70) paid tribute to the "glorious revolution" that toppled Hosni Mubarak. Shafiq, the last prime minister to serve under Mubarak, vowed there would be no "recreation of the old regime" as he prepared to face off against Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood in a runoff on June 16-17.
    (AP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 27, An Egyptian criminal court convicted Zakaria Azmi, Hosni Mubarak's chief of staff, of corruption and sentenced him to seven years in prison. He was also fined 36.3 million pounds ($6 million).
    (AP, 5/27/12)

2012        May 29, In Egypt final election results showed that that Mohammed Morsi won close to 5.8 million votes, or almost 25%, while Ahmed Shafiq garnered 5.5 million votes, or nearly 24%. Finishing third was leftist candidate Hamdeen Sabahi with 4.8 million votes, or about 21%.
    (AP, 5/29/12)

2012        May 30, In Egypt Hosni Mubarak's two sons were accused with insider trading in a new case. 7 others were also accused of conspiring to stealthily buy a controlling 80 percent stake in Al Watany Bank of Egypt without declaring their share to the stock market authority.
A criminal court convicted and sentenced to five years in prison a policeman for his part in the shooting death of 18 protesters on January 28, 2011, the bloodiest day of Egypt’s uprising.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        May 31, Egypt's notorious emergency law, in force since 1981, lapsed at the end of a two-year extension passed by ousted President Hosni Mubarak's parliament.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        Jun 2, In Egypt Hosni Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison for failing to stop the killing of protesters during the uprising that forced him from power last year. His former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly, who was in charge of the police and other security forces at the time of the uprising, was also convicted of failing to act to stop the killings. The ousted president and his sons were acquitted, however, of corruption charges in a mixed verdict that swiftly provoked a new wave of anger on Egypt's streets.
    (AP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jun 3, In Egypt hundreds of people occupied Cairo's Tahrir Square after a night of rage against what they feel are lenient sentences given to ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak and his security chiefs.
    (AFP, 6/3/12)

2012        Jun 5, Egyptians in their hundreds began gathering in Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square ahead of a mass demonstration to protest against verdicts handed down in ex-president Hosni Mubarak's murder trial.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jun 8, In Egypt a mob of hundreds of men assaulted women holding a march demanding an end to sexual harassment, with the attackers overwhelming the male guardians and groping and molesting several of the female marchers in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 6/8/12)

2012        Jun 14, Egypt's highest court ruled that former PM Ahmed Shafiq, the last prime minister to serve under Hosni Mubarak, can stay in the presidential race and that a third of lawmakers in parliament were illegally elected, forcing a re-vote in a potential blow to Islamists who dominate the legislature.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 15, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood warned that a court ruling to dissolve the Islamist-led parliament and let Hosni Mubarak's former prime minister run for president is a move toward reversing the gains of the revolution.
    (AP, 6/15/12)

2012        Jun 16, Egyptians entered their latest round of elections in a race between Ahmed Shafiq, a career air force officer, and the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Morsi. The two-day balloting will produce Egypt's first president since the ouster of Mubarak. The military told parliament it has been dissolved and banned its members from entering the house after a court annulled the last legislative poll.
    (AP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 6/16/12)

2012        Jun 17, Egyptians voted for a 2nd day in a presidential runoff pitting Hosni Mubarak's last prime minister against a conservative Islamist. Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood took nearly 52% of the vote to defeat Mubarak's last PM Ahmed Shafiq with about 48%. The military council issued an interim constitution just as polls were closing that gave the generals sweeping authority to maintain their grip on power and subordinate the nominal head of state. The interim constitution declared the military rulers the country's lawmakers in lieu of the dissolved parliament, gave them control over the budget and the power to determine who writes the permanent constitution that will define the country's future.
    (AP, 6/17/12)(AP, 6/18/12)

2012        Jun 18, In Egypt Ahmed Shafiq angrily dismissed claims of victory by his rival Mohammed Mursi, accusing the Muslim Brotherhood candidate of using false figures. Official results were not expected until June 21.
    (AFP, 6/18/12)
2012        Jun 18, Israel carried out an air strike on northern Gaza, killing two Palestinians who were identified by local witnesses as members of the radical Islamic Jihad movement. Hours earlier a group of militants, who sneaked across the Egyptian border, killed an Israeli civilian sparking a firefight which left at least two gunmen dead.
    (AFP, 6/18/12)

2012        Jun 19, Egypt's Hosni Mubarak (84) suffered a stroke in prison and was put on life support. State news initially said Mubarak was “clinically dead."
    (AFP, 6/19/12)(AP, 6/20/12)(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A4)

2012        Jun 20, In Egypt Hosni Mubarak was in a coma but off life support and his heart and other vital organs were functioning following a stroke a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jun 22, In Egypt tens of thousands rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square to support Mohammed Morsi, the Brotherhood's candidate for president. A delay in the run-off results, which had been due a day earlier, widely raised suspicions that the result was being negotiated rather than counted.
    (AP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 24, Egypt’s head of the electoral commission announced that Muslim Brotherhood member Mohamed Morsi with 51.73% of the vote is declared the first president of Egypt since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak. Tens of thousands packed into Cairo's Tahrir Square in the largest celebration the protest hub has witnessed since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, to celebrate their new president-elect, Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)

2012        Jun 26, Egypt’s state media reported that Hassan Abdel Rahman, the former head of the feared State Security Investigations, will face trial with 40 police co-defendants for destroying records. A court had acquitted on June 2 Abdel Rahman and six police commanders for failing to prevent the killings of protesters. Egypt's administrative court suspended a justice ministry decision that had empowered the military to arrest civilians, responding to an appeal by 17 rights groups against the controversial June 13 decree.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)(AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 26, Egypt’s losing presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq fled to the UAR hours after a top prosecutor ordered an investigation into allegations that he had wasted public funds.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 28, An Egyptian court jailed for 15 years each former oil minister Sameh Fahmi and fugitive businessman Hussein Salem for selling natural gas to Israel below market value. Five former high ranking officials from the oil and gas authority received jail sentences raging from three to 10 years on similar charges.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)

2012        Jun 30, In Egypt Mohamed Morsi took the oath of office to become the country’s first Islamist president and its first elected head of state since the revolt that overthrew Hosni Mubarak overthrow last year.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, Egyptian press reported that security forces have seized a large weapons consignment, including Grad rockets, that had been smuggled from Libya and could have been headed to the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)

2012        Jul 2, Syria's main exiled opposition groups met in Cairo to try to forge a common vision for a political transition in Syria. Rebel fighters and activists based in Syria announced they would boycott the Cairo meeting. The Observatory said at least 5 civilians were killed today.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 3, The Syrian Revolution General Commission (SRGC) pulled out of the Cairo conference, citing political disputes. The Syrian Kurdish National Council stormed out of the meeting, protesting that the final document failed to specifically mention the Kurds.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 4, Egyptian security officials said university student Ahmed Hussein Eid (20) was fatally stabbed as his girlfriend looked on after three suspected Islamic militants confronted the couple and told them they should not be together in public. The killing followed murders of two musicians, also by suspected militants.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Syria's fractured opposition groups wound up talks in Cairo that descended into chaos and even fist fights as they tried to forge a common vision for a transition in their country. They did agree on the final documents, which included an end to the Assad regime, support of the Free Syrian Army, and agreement on basic constitutional principles of justice, democracy and pluralism.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Sweden granted permanent residency to Ahmed Agiza (49), a former Egyptian terror suspect. The Swedish government has acknowledged blame for the circumstances of the 2001 deportation and that Agiza and fellow Egyptian Muhammed Alzery were tortured in Egypt. It has awarded them 3 million kronor ($433,000) each in compensation for circumstances related to their deportations.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 7, Egyptian border guards arrested 68 Eritreans and Ethiopians trying to sneak across the border into Israel.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 8, Egypt's new President Mohamed Morsi issued a decree annulling the Supreme Court's June 14 dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 9, Egypt's highest court insisted that its ruling that led to the dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament was final and binding, setting up a showdown with the country's newly elected president. Egypt's MENA state news agency said speaker Saad el-Katatni has called for parliament to meet on July 10.
    (AP, 7/9/12)

2012        Jul 10, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament opened a new front in the country's leadership showdowns by meeting in defiance of orders that disbanded the chamber and brought President Mohammed Morsi in conflict with both the powerful military and the highest court. The session was brief, lasting just five minutes. The Supreme Constitutional Court on annulled a decree by newly-elected President Mohamed Morsi reinstating the Islamist-led lower house of parliament. Thousands of protesters rallied in Tahrir Square in support of Morsi.
    (AP, 7/10/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)

2012        Jul 11, Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi said he will respect a court ruling overturning his decree for the dissolved Islamist-dominated parliament to convene.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)

2012        Jul 13, Egypt's new Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki told reporters in Cairo that the two nations will rebuild ties after what he described as years of stagnant, routine relations.
    (AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Egypt Bedouin men kidnapped two US tourists and their guide in the lawless Sinai. Police said that they were demanding the release of a jailed tribesman in exchange for the hostages. Rev. Michel Louis (61) and Lissa Alphonse (39) and their guide, Haytham Ragab, were released on July 16.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)(AP, 7/16/12)

2012        Jul 14, In northern Egypt some 23,000 textile workers went on strike in Mahalla al-Kobra, demanding higher wages.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Egypt an 11-storey building in the poor Alexandria neighborhood of al-Gomrouk collapsed onto three adjacent buildings, reducing much of the structures to rubble. 19 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 7/16/12)

2012        Jul 16, Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarak (84) was returned to a Cairo prison.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 19, In Egypt bearded men in the short robes, favored by some Islamists, machine-gunned 2 soldiers as they were walking on foot in Sheikh Zweid town near the Gaza Strip. Pres. Morsi, who was sworn in last month as Egypt's first elected civilian president, issued an order to pardon 572 people convicted by military tribunals.
    (AP, 7/19/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Ohio Omar Suleiman (76), Egypt's former spy chief, died in Cleveland. Suleiman was appointed vice president on Jan. 29, 2011, at the peak of last year's revolution.
    (AP, 7/19/12)

2012        Jul 21, An Egyptian court sentenced Ali Wanees, an ultraconservative former lawmaker and cleric, to a year in prison for public indecency, after police said they found him fondling a woman on his lap in a parked car at night. He was tried in absentia and is allowed a retrial. The court sentenced the woman he was with to six months in jail.
    (AP, 7/21/12)

2012        Jul 22, In Egypt attackers blew up a gas pipeline in the Sinai used to export fuel to Israel and Jordan, the 15th such attack since 2011.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 23, Egypt began to release detainees held by the military following a decree last week by President Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, Egypt's ambassador to the West Bank Yasser Othman said transiting Palestinians can enter Egypt for 72 hours to arrange their own travel. A Palestinian official in Cairo said more easing of restrictions are being negotiated.
    (AP, 7/23/12)

2012        Jul 24, Egypt's president designated Hesham Kandil, a young, independent US-educated irrigation minister, as the new prime minister to form a government that will be tasked with turning the country's economy and security around.
    (AP, 7/24/12)

2012        Aug 2, A judge in Egypt investigating corruption charges against former Hosni Mubarak premier Ahmed Shafiq ordered Mubarak's two sons detained for allegedly buying land from Shafiq at below market price.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)

2012        Aug 5, In Egypt some 35 suspected Islamists attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula near Rafah, killing 16 soldiers before stealing two of their vehicles and bursting through a security fence into Israel. 8 militants were killed by Israeli forces who struck from the air, as well as with tanks and artillery.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 7, In Egypt gunmen opened fire late this night on three security checkpoints around el-Arish, the capital of North Sinai province. Egypt’s military in response started a joint military-police ground operation in Sinai, backed by warplanes, to "restore stability and regain control" of the Sinai.
    (AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 8, Egypt's state television reported the military killed 20 militants in unprecedented air strikes. Egypt said the attackers who killed 16 Egyptian soldiers had help from Gaza. In response Egypt closed its border crossing and shut down hundreds of smuggling tunnels. Gazans said the sealing of their territory following a weekend attack by Islamic militants has sent prices soaring and is leaving hundreds of medical patients stranded. President Mohammed Morsi fired his intelligence chief for failing to act on an Israeli warning of an imminent attack days before militants stormed a border post in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 9, In Egypt a massive power cut hit large parts of Cairo, home to some 18 million people, halting much of its metro service and delaying trading on the stock exchange.
    (AP, 8/9/12)

2012        Aug 10, Egyptian troops stormed a house in Sheik Zweid, close to Rafah border crossing with Gaza Strip, and caught 9 Islamic militants while they were asleep. Gunmen attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula overnight, causing no casualties, as the army massed troops to quell increasingly deadly Islamist militants.
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)

2012        Aug 11, Egypt's official news agency said Qatar has granted Egypt a $2 billion loan to help the country's flagging economy.
    (AP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 12, Egypt's President Morsi announced a surprise decision to retire the defense minister and chief of staff and seize back the powers the military grabbed from his office. Security forces killed 6 suspected militants during raids on hideouts in two villages in northern Sinai. They seized landmines, an anti-aircraft missile, heavy machine-guns and grenades. Separately 3 policemen were killed and four others injured when their car turned over while chasing a group of criminals in central Sinai.
    (AP, 8/12/12)

2012        Aug 14, Egyptian Cabinet ministers and World Bank officials signed off on a $200 million project aimed at creating 250,000 jobs after more than a year of slow economic growth.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt's security forces exchanged fire with militants in the Sinai peninsula, as the military continued its campaign against Islamists in the lawless region.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt opened its border with Hamas-ruled Gaza for a 3-day period ahead of a major Muslim holiday this weekend, but imposed tight restrictions on who can travel and did not say whether it would resume normal border operations. From its side, Hamas also temporarily prevented access to the illegal underground tunnels in a show of goodwill toward Egypt.
    (AP, 8/14/12)

2012        Aug 16, In Egypt a Cairo court charged controversial TV presenter Tawfiq Okasha with suggesting the killing of Pres. Morsi during his nightly TV show. The court also referred the chief editor of el-Dustour daily, Islam Afifi, for his newspaper's harsh criticism of Morsi.
    (AP, 8/17/12)

2012        Aug 18, In Egypt militants wounded three policemen in the Sinai Peninsula in an ambush of their vehicle with a rocket propelled grenade.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 23, A Cairo court ordered Islam Afifi, the chief editor of the privately-owned el-Dustour daily newspaper, detained pending trial on charges of insulting Egypt’s president and "spreading lies." Afifi was released from jail just hours later after Pres. Morsi issued a law banning the imprisonment of journalists accused of media-related offenses.
    (AP, 8/23/12)(AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 24, In Egypt some 200 hundred protesters rallied in Tahrir Square to denounce the country's Islamist president and his Muslim Brotherhood group.
    (AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 25, Egyptian security officials said military engineers have blocked 120 tunnels used for smuggling to and from the Gaza Strip since the start of operations in the neighboring Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, A boat carrying some 40 Egyptian migrants sank off the coast of Libya. Fisherman rescued 33 migrants but 7 remained missing.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 26, An Egyptian security official says Egypt has reopened its passenger terminal with the Gaza Strip and resumed normal operations there after nearly three weeks of disruption following a deadly attack on Egyptian soldiers by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Egypt Ibrahim Madhan, a suspected militant, was killed while riding a motorcycle in the Sinai Peninsula some 15 km (9 miles) from the Israeli border.
    (AP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 28, Egyptian Deputy Foreign Minister Ramzi Ezzeldin Ramzi formally gave Iran the rotating presidency of the 120-nation Non-Aligned Movement. Iran is currently hosting the weeklong gathering of the 51-year-old group, which ends Aug 31.
    (AP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 29, The Egyptian military said that 11 "terrorists" have been killed in its campaign against Islamist militants in the Sinai peninsula. This contradicted earlier claims of having killed 20 militants in helicopter strikes.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Egyptian prosecutors said they have charged Safwat el-Sherif, former Pres. Mubarak's minister of information for nearly two decades,  with corruption. An official said he had illegally appropriated villas, lands and apartments originally owned by the state and had also received gifts worth millions of Egyptian pounds from chief editors in the state media in return for keeping them in their positions.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Aug 30, Egypt’s Pres. Mohammed Morsi urged the world to support the rebels in Syria as he spoke in Tehran before an int’l. meeting of nonaligned nations.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A3)

2012        Aug 31, Egyptian police found the decapitated head in Sinai of Manazil Bereikat, kidnapped by Islamist militants, reportedly for his role in assassinating an extremist. He was from the same tribe of Ibrahim Ouda Bereikat, an extremist killed in a mysterious explosion near the Israeli border on August 26.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 1, Egyptian authorities arrested Hamada Abou Shita, a militant wanted for his alleged role in planning and carrying out deadly attacks last year on a police station and a bank in the Sinai Peninsula. A court sentenced Abu Shita to death in absentia on Aug. 14 for his alleged part in the 2011 attacks.
    (AP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 2, Egypt's state TV lifted a decades-long ban on veiled female news presenters whom successive secular-leaning regimes have barred from going on air.
    (AP, 9/2/12)

2012        Sep 6, Egypt's PM Hesham Kandil said Qatar has agreed to invest $18 billion in Egypt over the next five years to help boost the country's ailing economy.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, A Cairo court found four senior policemen not guilty of the killing of protesters during last year's popular uprising, the latest acquittal of officials charged in connection to the 850 deaths caused by the crackdown.
    (AP, 9/6/12)

2012        Sep 7, Egypt's national air carrier said it will resume international flights after the airline's flight attendants suspended a 12-hour strike pending negotiations to meet their grievances.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2012        Sep 9, In Egypt about 150 tour guides demonstrated outside Cairo's famed Egyptian Museum. They said the lack of security and increased lawlessness, which has plagued much of Egypt following the toppling of Mubarak, has exposed them to attacks from vendors and competitors and further complicates attempts to lure tourists back.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 11, Egyptian protesters scaled the walls of the US embassy in Cairo, tore down the American flag and burned it during a protest over what they said was a film being produced in the United States that insulted Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/11/12)

2012        Sep 13, An Egyptian court convicted former prime minister Ahmed Nazif on corruption charges and sentenced him to three years in prison. Nazif was also fined 4.5 million Egyptian pounds, or about $750,000. Nazif was already serving a seven-year term for his role in awarding contracts for supplying new car license plates without going through legal procedures.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Egypt Alber Saber was arrested after neighbors complained he had shared on Facebook the amateur film made in the US that sparked protests across the Muslim world. His arrest came during a wave of public outrage over the film, produced by an Egyptian-American Copt. On Dec 12 a Cairo court convicted and sentenced Saber to three years in prison for blasphemy and contempt of religion.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Sep 14, In Egypt a 20-year-old died from wounds suffered from rubber bullets. Several hundred protesters have been clashing for several days with police preventing them from reaching the US embassy to protest against an anti-Muslim film. In Egypt's Sinai Peninsula suspected Islamic militants stormed the base of int’l. peacekeepers near the Gaza-Israel border, wounding four officers.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep 16, The CEO of EL AL Airlines said Israel's national airline will stop flying to Cairo, even though the Israel-Egypt peace treaty mandates flights to the country. Eliezer Shkedi said that flights are nearly empty, and the airline cannot afford the high security and operating costs.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Egypt for a state visit, even though he is wanted for arrest by the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 18, Egypt's general prosecutor issued arrest warrants for seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and referred them to trial on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that has sparked riots across the Muslim world. The prosecutor's office said the seven men and one woman, all of whom are believed to be outside of Egypt, are charged with harming national unity, insulting and publicly attacking Islam and spreading false information.
    (AFP, 9/18/12)

2012        Sep 22, Egypt’s chief forensic doctor said in a published interview that  former Pres. Hosni Mubarak has never suffered a stroke and that he is not in critical condition.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 22, Qatar said it will make critical investments in a $3.7 billion oil refinery project in Egypt that's among the biggest economic initiatives since the 2011 fall of Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 9/22/12)

2012        Sep 24, An Egyptian court sentenced 14 Salafists to death by hanging and four to life imprisonment for attacks last year on army and police in the Sinai.
    (Reuters, 9/24/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.55)

2012        Sep 25, An Egyptian court convicted three Islamists of killing a student this summer as he sat in a quiet park with his fiancée, sentencing them to 15 years in prison in a case that sparked fears of vigilantes trying to enforce strict religious mores.
    (AP, 9/25/12)

2012        Sep 27, An Egyptian court upheld a six-year jail sentence for Michelle Bishoy, also known as Bishoy el-Behiri, a Coptic Christian school teacher convicted of insulting Islam and the country's Islamist president in postings on Facebook.
    (AP, 9/27/12)

2012        Oct 1, Egypt's doctors began a partial strike, abstaining from offering non-emergency services in public hospitals to protest run-down facilities and meager wages.
    (AP, 10/1/12)

2012        Oct 4, An Egyptian court convicted Ahmed Ezz, a Hosni Mubarak-era steel magnate, of money laundering, sentencing him to seven years in prison and fining him 19.5 billion Egyptian pounds (about $3 billion). Ezz was already serving a 10-year sentence for a corruption conviction last year.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

2012        Oct 8, Egypt's new Pres. Mohammed Morsi issued a decree pardoning all those charged with or convicted of acts "in support of the revolution" since the beginning of the popular uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak from power.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Egypt a troop carrier overturned on a mountain road in the Sinai Peninsula early today, killing at least 21 members of the security forces stationed on the border with Israel.
    (AP, 10/8/12)

2012        Oct 10, An Egyptian court acquitted 24 loyalists of ousted President Hosni Mubarak who had been accused of organizing one of the most dramatic attacks on protesters during last year's uprising, the "Camel Battle," in which assailants on horses and camels charged into crowds in Cairo's Tahrir Square. The Feb. 2, 2011 assault left nearly a dozen people killed.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, In southern Egypt Abu Bakar, a teacher in Luxor province, punished two 12-year-old schoolgirls for not wearing the Muslim headscarf by cutting their hair. On Nov 6 Bakar was given a 6-month suspended sentence for childe abuse and fined $8.
    (AP, 10/17/12)(AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Oct 12, In Egypt Liberal and leftist groups had called a protest to demand more action from Pres. Morsi after his first 100 days in office. Morsi's supporters called for a separate rally to demand judicial independence following the acquittals of Mubarak loyalists on Oct 10. A melee erupted after Morsi's supporters stormed the activists' stage at Cairo's Tahrir Square, angered by chants from the opposition they perceived as insults to the president.
    (AP, 10/12/12)

2012        Oct 13, Egypt's prosecutor general defied a presidential decision to remove him from his post, entering his office in a downtown Cairo courthouse flanked by security and hundreds of judicial officials. President Morsi had ordered Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud to step down in an apparent bid to appease public anger over the acquittals of ex-regime officials accused of orchestrating violence against protesters last year. Morsi backed down from his decision to remove Mahmoud, keeping him in his post and sidestepping a potential clash with the country's powerful judiciary.
    (AP, 10/13/12)

2012        Oct 17, In Egypt a top parliamentarian suspended the editor-in-chief of a state-owned newspaper for publishing a report deemed an offense to the military.
    (AP, 10/18/12)

2012        Oct 19, In Egypt the political party of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood elected Saad el-Katatny, a former speaker of parliament, as the new leader the Freedom and Justice Party to replace Mohammed Morsi, who resigned from the post after winning the country's presidential election. Several thousand protesters rallied in Cairo to demand the president and his Muslim Brotherhood supporters ensure the country's constitution represents all factions of society.
    (AP, 10/19/12)

2012        Oct 23, Egypt's security forces intercepted a group of smugglers bringing in weapons from Libya.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Oct 24, In Egypt Karim el-Azizi (35) detonated an explosive device after briefly exchanging gunfire with security forces that had surrounded his building in Cairo's northern suburb of Nasr City. The Libyan national, linked to the Sep 11 deadly attack on the US Consulate, had turned his rented apartment into a small weapons cache before he died. Security forces arrested four other men in a nearby suburb describing them as part of a terrorist cell.
    (AP, 10/25/12)

2012        Nov 3, Egypt’s antiquities ministry says that Czech archaeologists have unearthed the 4,500-year-old tomb of a Pharaonic princess south of Cairo. Princess Shert Nebti's burial site is surrounded by the tombs of four high officials from the Fifth Dynasty dating to around 2,500 BC in the Abu Sir complex near the famed step pyramid of Saqqara.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2012        Nov 3, In Egypt suspected Islamic militants ambushed police in the northern Sinai Peninsula killing three in El-Arish.
    (SSFC, 11/4/12, p.A4)

2012        Nov 4, Egypt's ancient Coptic Christian church named a new pope. Bishop Tawadros will be ordained Nov. 18 as Pope Tawadros II.
    (AP, 11/4/12)

2012        Nov 6, In Egypt gunmen shot and critically injured Selim Said el-Gamal, a senior security official, in the country's turbulent northern Sinai region.
    (AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Nov 7, Egypt's top prosecutor ordered government ministries to enforce a ban on pornographic websites, three years after a court denounced the sites as "venomous and vile." The order followed a protest by ultraconservative Salafis.
    (AP, 11/7/12)

2012        Nov 10, In Egypt two trains traveling south of Cairo collided, killing at least four people. An error by a switch operator is believed to have caused the accident.
    (AP, 11/10/12)

2012        Nov 16, Thousands of Egyptians protested against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip as Egypt's prime minister visited the Palestinian enclave in a symbolic show of support for the territory's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 11/16/12)

2012        Nov 17, In southern Egypt a speeding train crashed into a bus carrying children to their kindergarten, killing 48 children and 3 adults. On Jun2 29, 2013, a court sentenced two railway workers to ten years in prison over the train crash which left 52 people dead.
    (AP, 11/17/12)(AP, 6/29/13)

2012        Nov 20, In Egypt youth activist Gaber Salah was shot in the neck in Cairo in clashes that started a day earlier, the first anniversary of the deadly confrontation between police and demonstrators known as "Mohammed Mahmoud."
    (AP, 11/21/12)

2012        Nov 21, Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi mediated a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinians to end eight days of fierce fighting. The cease-fire deal included agreement to open all border crossings with the Gaza Strip, including with Egypt.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 21, Egyptian protesters firebombed one of the offices of satellite broadcaster Al-Jazeera and attacked a police chief who tried to negotiate an end to three days of violent protests in central Cairo. Security officials said that authorities have confiscated trucks carrying explosive warheads and a variety of small-arms ammunition smuggled from Libya.
    (AP, 11/21/12)

2012        Nov 22, In Egypt Pres. Mohammed Morsi granted himself sweeping new powers that critics fear can allow him to be a virtual dictator. The temporary decrees included exempting himself from judicial review, as well as a panel writing the new constitution and the upper house of parliament, and the power to enact any other measure he deemed necessary to deal with a "threat" to Egypt's "revolution." Morsi sacked the prosecutor general and ordered a retrial of officials appointed by former Pres. Mubarak.
    (AP, 11/23/12)(SSFC, 11/25/12, p.A4)
2012        Nov 22, The top leader of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood denounced peace efforts with Israel and urged holy war to liberate Palestinian territories.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 22, An Egyptian court cleared two policemen of killing protesters during the Jan 28, 2011, uprising that led to toppling Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 11/22/12)

2012        Nov 23, In Egypt opponents and supporters of Mohammed Morsi clashed across the country, the day after the president granted himself sweeping new powers. At least 15 were reported injured.
    (AP, 11/23/12)

2012        Nov 24, Egypt's highest body of judges slammed a recent decision by the president to grant himself near-absolute power, calling the move an "unprecedented assault" on the judiciary. Several hundred protesters remained in Cairo's Tahrir Square, where a number of tents have been erected in a sit-in following nearly a week of clashes with riot police.
    (AP, 11/24/12)

2012        Nov 27, In Egypt thousands flocked to Cairo's central Tahrir square for a protest against Pres. Morsi in a significant test of whether the opposition can rally the street behind it in a confrontation aimed at forcing the Islamist leader to rescind decrees that granted him near absolute powers.
    (AP, 11/27/12)

2012        Nov 28, Egypt's two highest appeals courts suspended their work to protest presidential decrees that gave the country's Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi nearly absolute powers, state television reported.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, An Egyptian court convicted in absentia seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and sentenced them to death on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that had sparked riots in parts of the Muslim world.
    (AP, 11/28/12)

2012        Nov 30, In Egypt Islamists approved a draft constitution without the participation of liberal and Christian members, seeking to pre-empt a court ruling that could dissolve their panel with a rushed, marathon vote that further inflames the conflict between the opposition and President Mohammed Morsi. Up to 200,000 people packed the streets of Cairo alone, vowing to bring down a draft constitution approved by allies of Pres.  Morsi, and demanding he repeal the decrees that neutralized the judiciary.
    (AP, 11/30/12)(AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Dec 1, In Egypt tens of thousands of people waving Egyptian flags and hoisting large pictures of Pres. Morsi demonstrated across the country in support of him and Islamic law.
    (AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Dec 2, Egypt's top court said it was suspending its work indefinitely to protest "psychological and physical pressures" after supporters of the country's Islamist president prevented judges from entering the courthouse to rule on the legitimacy of a disputed constitutional assembly.
    (AP, 12/2/12)

2012        Dec 4, Thousands of Egyptians massed in Cairo for a march to the presidential palace to protest the assumption by the nation's Islamist president of nearly unrestricted powers and a draft constitution hurriedly adopted by his allies. Several independent Egyptian newspapers suspended publication. The media protest involved at least eight influential dailies and was part of a planned campaign of civil disobedience.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

2012        Dec 5, Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters and opponents clashed outside the presidential palace in Cairo, pelting each other with rocks and fighting with sticks. At least 5 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/5/12)(Econ, 12/8/12, p.51)

2012        Dec 6, Egypt's Republican Guard ordered protesters supporting and opposing President Mohammed Morsi to leave the area around the presidential palace after overnight clashes in Cairo between supporters and opponents of Egypt's Islamist leader killed at least five people.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 7, Thousands of Egyptians took to the streets after midday prayers in rival rallies and marches across Cairo, as the standoff deepened over what opponents call the Islamist president's power grab, raising the specter of more violence.
    (AP, 12/7/12)

2012        Dec 9, Egypt's liberal opposition called for more protests, seeking to keep up the momentum of its street campaign. Morsi overnight annulled his Nov. 22 decrees that gave him near unrestricted powers, but refused to rescind a draft constitution going to a referendum on Dec 15.
    (AP, 12/9/12)

2012        Dec 10, The Egyptian military assumed joint responsibility with the police for security and protecting state institutions until the results of a Dec 15 constitutional referendum are announced.
    (AP, 12/10/12)

2012        Dec 11, In Egypt masked gunmen attacked anti-Morsi protesters in Cairo's central Tahrir Square before dawn, firing birdshot at them and wounding nine. Thousands of opponents and supporters of Egypt's Islamist president staged rival rallies in the nation's Cairo.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2012        Dec 12, Egypt's opposition alliance urged supporters to vote "No" in the referendum on a disputed constitution rather than boycotting, hours after the Islamist government forged ahead by starting overseas voting in diplomatic missions for expatriates. The full referendum was initially scheduled to take place on Dec 15, but in a last minute decree on Dec 11, Morsi ordered the voting stretched into another round on Dec 22.
    (AP, 12/12/12)

2012        Dec 14, Egyptian Islamists clashed with opponents of a draft constitution in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria after an ultraconservative cleric called on worshippers to approve the charter in a referendum.
    (AP, 12/14/12)

2012        Dec 15, Egyptians lined up to vote on a draft constitution after weeks of turmoil that have left them deeply divided between Islamist supporters of the charter and those who fear it will usher in religious rule. Some 1,500 Egyptian women blocked a main road in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria, claiming a judge prevented them from voting on the draft constitution because they weren't veiled. A 64% majority approved the draft constitution.
    (AP, 12/15/12)(Econ, 7/13/13, SR p.15)

2012        Dec 16, Key Egyptian rights groups called for a repeat of the first round of the constitutional referendum, alleging the vote was marred by widespread violations.
    (AP, 12/16/12)

2012        Dec 18, Egypt's prosecutor general Talaat Abdullah submitted his resignation less than a month after he was swiftly sworn in by the Islamist president, who is embroiled in a power struggle with the judiciary. Hundreds of public prosecutors staged a sit-in outside Abdullah's office in Cairo. The State Council of Judges said it will not oversee the second part of the vote on the draft constitution.
    (AP, 12/18/12)

2012        Dec 20, Talaat Abdullah, Egypt's top prosecutor, retracted his resignation, a decision that could cause a new uproar in the country after he was accused of pressuring a judge not to release protesters opposed to the Islamist president.
    (AP, 12/20/12)

2012        Dec 21, In Egypt Thousands of Islamists clashed with their opponents in Alexandria, on the eve of the second leg of voting on the country's contentious constitution that has deeply polarized the nation.
    (AP, 12/21/12)

2012        Dec 22, Egypt’s Vice President Mahmoud Mekki resigned, saying he realized that politics did not suit his professional background as a judge. Central bank governor, Farouq el-Oqdah, also resigned.
    (AP, 12/22/12)
2012        Dec 22, Egyptians voted in the second and final phase of a referendum on an Islamist-backed constitution that has polarized the nation, with little indication that the result of the vote will end the political crisis in which the country is mired.
    (AP, 12/22/12)

2012        Dec 23, Egypt's opposition called for an investigation into allegations of vote fraud in the referendum on a deeply divisive Islamist-backed constitution after the Muslim Brotherhood, the main group backing the charter, claimed it passed with a 64 percent "yes" vote.
    (AP, 12/23/12)

2012        Dec 26, Egypt's Islamist Pres. Morsi proclaimed the country's newly adopted constitution as the dawning of a "new republic" in a television address, calling on the opposition to join a dialogue with him after a month of violent turmoil and focus on repairing a damaged economy.
    (AP, 12/26/12)

2012        Dec 27, Egypt's chief prosecutor ordered an investigation into the leaders of the country's opposition after a lawyer accused them of incitement to overthrow the regime of newly elected Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 12/27/12)

2012        Dec 29, An Egyptian security official said that thousands of tons of building materials such as cement and steel are crossing into the Palestinian Gaza Strip, which had previously been under a strict blockade.
    (AP, 12/29/12)

2012        Dec 31, Gunmen drove into Cairo's Tahrir Square before dawnand fired at an anti-government sit-in, seriously wounding a protester who had been jailed and tortured by former military rulers after he witnessed the killing of another activist.
    (AP, 12/31/12)

2012        Steven Cook authored “The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square."
    (Econ, 2/25/12, p.96)
2012         Mohamed Heikal, Egyptian political author, authored his Arabic-language book "Mubarak and his Age," a sharply critical look at Mubarak a year after he was ousted in a popular uprising.
    (AP, 2/17/16)
2012        Ahdaf Soueif authored “Cairo: My City, Our Revolution."
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.81)

2013        Jan 5, In Egypt unidentified gunmen shot and killed an Egyptian policeman in northern Sinai's main city of el-Arish.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 9, The fiercest winter storm to hit the Mideast in years brought a rare foot of snow to Jordan, caused fatal accidents in Lebanon and the West Bank, and disrupted traffic on the Suez Canal in Egypt. At least eight people died across the region.
    (AP, 1/9/13)

2013        Jan 11, In Egypt Islamist militants attacked a police patrol along a pipeline in the Sinai Peninsula that transports natural gas to Jordan, wounding seven policemen.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Jan 12, An Egyptian court ordered a religious TV program hosted by a fiery preacher off the air on charges of libeling and defaming a well-known actress. It was one of three legal reverses suffered by Islamists today in cases dealing with the media.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Egypt a dozen masked attackers fired birdshot late today at protesters who have camped outside the presidential palace in Cairo for the past month, wounding several along with security forces standing watch nearby.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 13, In Egypt an appeals court overturned Hosni Mubarak's life sentence and ordered a retrial of the ousted president for failing to prevent the killing of hundreds of protesters during the uprising that toppled his regime.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2013        Jan 15, In Egypt a train wreck killed 19 soldiers and injured over 100 others. The last carriage of the train disconnected, jumped the tracks and crashed into another train 20 km (12 miles) south of Cairo. Three workers were later sentenced to two years of hard labor for the crash.
    (AP, 1/15/13)(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.A5)
2013        Jan 15, A Saudi court convicted an Egyptian human rights lawyer for smuggling drugs into the kingdom. He was sentenced to five years in prison and 300 lashes. The case of Ahmed el-Gezawi caused an outcry in Egypt where rights groups claimed he was initially detained in April 2012 for criticizing the kingdom's monarch. They claimed he confessed to the smuggling charges under duress.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2013        Jan 16, An Egyptian prosecutor said ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his family paid back 18 million Egyptian pounds ($3 million) for gifts they received from a state newspaper while he was still in office.
    (AP, 1/16/13)
2013        Jan 16, In Egypt an 8-story apartment building collapsed, killing 26 people in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria — the second tragic accident in the country as many days.
    (AP, 1/16/13)(AP, 1/17/13)

2013        Jan 18, Egyptian police fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of Muslim protesters outside a church in Qena province. 4 shops owned by Coptic Christians were torched overnight after Marashda villagers accused one of the store owners of molesting a 6-year-old girl.
    (AP, 1/18/13)

2013        Jan 19, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators throwing stones outside an Alexandria courtroom where the city's ex-security director and other officers are on trial for the killing of protesters during the 2011 uprising. A criminal court invoked a presidential amnesty and dismissed charges against 379 people accused of taking part in deadly clashes with police.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

2013        Jan 20, In Egypt overnight clashes between police and residents of a district just north of Cairo left four people dead and 12 wounded. The clashes began when a bystander in Shubra al-Kheima was hit by a stray bullet fired by police chasing a suspected drug dealer. Gunmen raided a post office in the Nile Delta town of Kafr el-Dawar, killing a police guard before making away with 2 million pounds (around $300,000). A courthouse went up in flames in Alexandria during a 2nd straight day of clashes between protesters and riot police.
    (AP, 1/20/13)

2013        Jan 21, In Egypt a speeding truck collided with a minibus on a highway in the country's south, killing 14 people and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 1/21/13)

2013        Jan 24, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas and clashed with dozens of protesters who were trying to tear down a cement wall built to prevent demonstrators from reaching parliament and the Cabinet building. A video was posted online showing youths dressed in black marching in lines in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. "We are the Black Bloc ... seeking people's liberation, the fall of corruption and the toppling of the tyrant," proclaimed the video.
    (AP, 1/24/13)(AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 25, Egypt’s schism was on display as the mainly liberal and secular opposition held rallies saying the goals of the pro-democracy uprising have not been met and denouncing Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. At least 11 people were killed as tens of thousands took to the streets to deliver an angry backlash against Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 1/25/13)(AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 26, In Egypt violence left 37 people dead in Port Said after a judge sentenced 21 people to death in connection with a Feb. 1 soccer melee that killed 74 fans of the Cairo-based Al-Ahly team.
    (AP, 1/26/13)(AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 27, In Egypt clashes broke out in Cairo for a 4th straight day, with protesters and police near central Tahrir Square, birthplace of the 2011 uprising. Police fired tear gas as protesters pelted them with rocks. Pres. Morsi declared a 30-day state of emergency and night curfew in the three Suez Canal provinces hit hardest by the wave of violence that has left more than 50 dead in three days.
    (AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 28, In Egypt  riot police fired tear gas at rock-throwing protesters in central Cairo, and one protester died of gunshot wounds. Egypt's main opposition coalition rejected the Islamist president's call for dialogue unless their conditions are met.
    (AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 30, In Egypt two protesters were killed in clashes in Cairo's Tahrir Square and its surroundings. Mohamed ElBaradei, Egypt's liberal opposition leader, called for a broad national dialogue with the Islamist government, all political factions and the powerful military.
    (AP, 1/30/13)
2013        Jan 30, Egypt's Islamist Pres. Morsi, on a one-day visit to Berlin to seek support to rebuild a crumbling Egyptian economy, turned aside repeated criticism of his past comments referring to Jews as "the descendants of apes and pigs," insisting that the remarks were taken out of context and were aimed at criticizing Israeli attacks on Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/3o/13)

2013        Jan 31, Egypt’s opposition National Salvation Front held a meeting with Pres. Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood under the aegis of Egypt's premier Islamic institution, Al-Azhar, in their first ever meeting. They and other politicians signed a joint statement denouncing violence.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Jan 31, The United Nations demanded that Egyptian authorities act to bring perpetrators of sexual assaults to justice, saying it had reports of 25 sexual assaults on women in Tahrir rallies over the past week.
    (AP, 2/2/13)

2013        Feb 1, Thousands of Egyptians marched across the country, chanting against the rule of the Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, in a fresh wave of protests. Protesters denouncing Pres. Morsi hurled stones and firebombs through the gates of his palace gates, clashing with security forces who fired tear gas and water cannons. Video footage showed at least seven black-clad riot police beating Hamada Saber (48), whose pants are down around his ankles, with sticks before dragging him along the muddy pavement and tossing him into a police van.
    (AP, 2/1/13)(AP, 2/2/13)

2013        Feb 2, An Egyptian court sentenced Habib al-Adly, the country's former interior minister, to three years in prison after finding him guilty of abusing his position in power by forcing police conscripts to work on his mansion and land outside Cairo. The Giza court also convicted former riot police chief Hassan Abdel-Hamid of authorizing the illegal labor and sentenced him to three years in prison. Several thousand anti-government demonstrators marched again on the presidential palace denouncing the police and Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. Over 50 people have been killed in violence over the last 10 days.
    (AP, 2/2/13)(AP, 2/3/13)(SSFC, 2/3/13, p.A3)

2013        Feb 3, In Egypt street vendor Omar Salah (12) was killed during clashes near Tahrir Square. Activists soon accused the government of trying to cover up the death. On Feb 14 the government made a rare admission and apology for mistakenly shooting and killing the boy.
    (AP, 2/14/13)

2013        Feb 4, An Egyptian opposition party claimed police tortured one of its members to death, electrocuting him and beating him repeatedly on the head. Activist Mohammed el-Gindy (28) died of his wounds early today at a Cairo hospital. He had disappeared after a protest and turned up in a hospital in a coma with bruises and internal bleeding. Security officials denied responsibility.
    (AP, 2/4/13)(AP, 2/14/13)

2013        Feb 5, Iran’s Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad began a three-day visit to Egypt, centered around an Islamic summit. He said his country is ready to provide a "big credit line" to help revive the distressed economy of Egypt.
    (AP, 2/6/13)

2013        Feb 6, In Egypt more than 25 prime ministers and presidents began a two-day summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Cairo. Leaders of Muslim countries offered conflicting approaches to the crises in Mali and Syria, exposing some of the deep divisions that run through the Islamic world.
    (AP, 2/6/13)

2013        Feb 7, Egypt's PM Hesham Kandil condemned religious edicts by hardline Muslim clerics calling for the killing of opposition leaders and said the government is considering legal action against them. Kandil faced uproar, derision and even lawsuits after he blamed health problems of babies in impoverished villages on nursing mothers who "out of ignorance" don't clean their breasts and talked of village women getting raped in the fields.
    (AP, 2/7/13)
2013        Feb 7, In Egypt an Islamic summit urged Syrian opposition forces and members of Pres. Bashar Assad's regime, whose hands are not tainted by violence, to hold talks to try to resolve the nation's civil war.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Feb 8, Thousands of Egyptians staged rallies in cities across the country to denounce the rule of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and his fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 2/8/13)

2013        Feb 9, A Cairo court ordered the government to block access to the video-sharing website YouTube for 30 days for carrying an anti-Islam film that caused deadly riots across the world. The ruling can be appealed and based on precedent may not be enforced.
    (AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 11, Egypt’s Senior Scholars Authority elected Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim, a professor in Islamic jurisprudence, as Grand Mufti. Previously, the Grand Mufti was appointed by the president. Security forces sprayed protesters with water hoses and tear gas outside the presidential palace as Egyptians marked the 2nd anniversary of the fall of Hosni Mubarak's with demonstrations against his elected successor.   
    (AP, 2/11/13)

2013        Feb 12, In Egypt hundreds of low-ranking policemen held protests demanding they not be used as a tool for political oppression in the country's ongoing turmoil.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2013        Feb 14, Egypt's aviation minister said the hiring of President Mohammed Morsi's son to a highly-paid government job was justified, dismissing accusations of nepotism. On Feb 16 the head of Egypt's holding company for airports and aviation said Morsi's son has applied for a job that pays $133 a month starting salary.
    (AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/16/13)

2013        Feb 16, Egypt’s interior ministry announced a move to purchase 100,000 new 9mm pistols for police officers. This ended 5 days of strikes by police demanding greater firepower under increasing lawlessness.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 16, A court in Egypt ordered a TV channel that airs belly dancing clips off the air for showing "sexually explicit" content and operating without a broadcast license.
    (AP, 2/16/13)

2013        Feb 17, In Egypt thousands of soccer fans enforced a work stoppage in the city of Port Said to protest "injustices" by the government, disrupting rail services and forcefully evicting workers from their factories and the provincial government's offices.
    (AP, 2/17/13)

2013        Feb 19, In Egypt hundreds of protesters in Port Said pressured government employees to leave work early as they enforced the third day of a general strike.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Gaza Strip's Hamas government and local smugglers accused Egypt of flooding cross-border tunnels with sewage water in order to halt a thriving smuggling trade. Egyptian engineers began flooding the tunnels in late January.
    (AP, 2/19/13)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.41)

2013        Feb 24, In Egypt thousands of brick workers blocked railroad tracks from a southern city to Cairo for a second day to protest rising industrial oil prices, causing the cancellation of some services. Residents of Port Said pressed their general strike which entered its second week.
    (AP, 2/24/13)

2013        Feb 26, In Egypt a hot air balloon flying over the ancient city of Luxor caught fire and crashed into a sugar cane field, killing at least 19 foreign tourists. The pilot, who sustained severe burns, and a British tourist were the only survivors.
    (AP, 2/26/13)(AP, 3/2/13)

2013        Feb 27, Egyptian authorities confiscated two pick-up trucks carrying 60 anti-tank missiles smuggled across the border from Libya.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 28, In Egypt dozens of Muslim residents threw firebombs and rocks at police as they tried to storm a church in southern Egypt in search of a woman suspected of converting to Christianity in the town of Kom Ombo. Tensions rose after a 36 year-old Muslim woman, who has been missing for five days, was allegedly seen outside the church with a female Christian friend. The woman was reported found on Feb 2 and police said that "family and social reasons," not religion, were behind her disappearance, and that she had not converted.
    (AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/3/13)

2013        Mar 2, In Egypt  Hossam Eldin Abdullah Abdelazim, was killed when an armored police vehicle crushed him to death during clashes between protesters and police in Mansoura. A police car in Port Said hit five protesters along a main road and sped off. The violence came as US Secretary of State John Kerry was in Cairo talking with opposition figures ahead of his meeting with the president and defense minister on March 3.
    (AP, 3/2/13)
2013        Mar 2, A Libyan security official said 50 Egyptians, who were arrested in Benghazi last week for allegedly spreading Christianity, are being charged with illegally entering and working in the country and will be deported.
    (AP, 3/2/13)

2013        Mar 3, In Cairo, Egypt, US Secretary of State John Kerry rewarded Egypt for President Mohammed Morsi's pledges of political and economic reforms by releasing $250 million in American aid to support the country's "future as a democracy."
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In Port Said, Egypt, fighting throughout the day killed two policemen and three civilians as protesters pelted police forces with rocks and fire bombs and the force responded with tear gas, and birdshots.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2013        Mar 4, Israel's Agriculture Ministry set up an emergency hotline as swarms of the destructive locusts descended on neighboring Egypt and asked Israelis to be vigilant in reporting sightings to prevent an outbreak.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2013        Mar 5, In Egypt a Cairo court convicted a police sniper for attacks on anti-government protesters and sentenced him to three years in prison. Police officer Mahmoud el-Shenawi became known as the "eye sniper" after he was shown in footage on social networking sites allegedly firing at protesters in the Egyptian capital and aiming for their eyes.
    (AP, 3/5/13)

2013        Mar 6, An Egyptian administrative court ordered the suspension of parliamentary elections scheduled to begin next month, throwing the country's politics deeper into confusion. In Port Said military police deployed around a government complex where demonstrators have been camped out for weeks.
    (AP, 3/6/13)
2013        Mar 6, An Egyptian court convicted Ahmed Ezz, a Mubarak-era steel magnate, of profiteering and squandering public funds. He was sentenced to 37 years in prison and fined $296 million. Ezz was already serving a 17-year sentence for graft and money laundering.
    (SFC, 3/7/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 7, Egyptian policemen protested for a 4th day in several cities across the country, refusing orders to work and accusing officials of trying to politicize the force.
    (AP, 3/7/13)(SFC, 3/8/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 8, Egypt's police forces withdrew from the streets of Port Said on the Suez Canal, handing over security to the military after nearly a week of deadly clashes that have killed 8 people, including 2 security officials.
    (AP, 3/8/13)

2013        Mar 9, An Egyptian court confirmed the death sentences against 21 people for taking part in a Feb, 2012, deadly soccer riot but acquitted 7 police officials for their alleged role in the violence. Suspected fans enraged by the verdict torched the soccer federation headquarters and a police club in Cairo in protest. In unrelated violence, at least 2 protesters were killed in clashes between riot police and demonstrators throwing stones on a Nile-side street in central Cairo.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 10, Egypt's top prosecutor encouraged citizens to arrest anyone breaking the law or committing a crime. This stoked fears of vigilante groups taking over police duties at a time of growing tension and lawlessness.
    (AP, 3/11/13)
2013        Mar 10, An Egyptian Foreign Ministry official said a man suspected of trying to spread Christianity in Libya has died in prison there. The diplomat said Ezzat Atallah, who suffered from diabetes and heart ailments, likely died of natural causes.
    (AP, 3/10/13)

2013        Mar 13, In Egypt a leaked report concluded that police were behind the killing of nearly 900 protesters in Tahrir Square during the 18-day uprising that began on Jan 25, 2011.
    (SFC, 3/14/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 14, Egyptian prosecutors charged 38 members of the Ultras, a die-hard soccer fan club, with belonging to an illegal group and other offenses.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 16, An Egyptian court cleared two former ministers of charges that they sold state lands for cut-rate prices in the country's prized Red Sea resort areas. Zuhair Garana was sentenced to up to eight years in prison and Ahmed Maghrabi received a five-year sentence for guilty verdicts in previous corruption trials.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, Egyptian police fired tear gas to disperse thousands of supporters and opponents of President Morsi during clashes that erupted as he launched development projects in Sohag province, where residents have long complained of being neglected by the central government.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 17, In Egypt dozens of journalists protested in Cairo against alleged assaults the previous evening on their colleagues by members  of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood from which President Mohammed Morsi hails.
    (AP, 3/17/13)
2013        Mar 17, Egyptian vigilantes beat two men accused of stealing a motorized rickshaw, stripped them half-naked and hung them by their feet in a crowded bus station in the Nile Delta. Both men died.
    (AP, 3/17/13)

2013        Mar 19, Egyptian security forces arrested Ahmed Ahmed Qaddaf al-Dam, a former Libyan intelligence official and a cousin of former dictator Moammar Gadhafi, following an hours-long siege of his home in Cairo.
    (AP, 3/19/13)
2013        Mar 19, In southern Egypt hundreds of Muslim villagers attacked Christian-owned stores in search of a girl whose family claims was abducted in Bani Suef province. The college-aged girl disappeared around one month ago.
    (AP, 3/19/13)

2013        Mar 21, Villagers in Egypt's Nile Delta killed a man suspected of trying to steal a car in the country's latest incident of vigilante violence, dragging him half-naked and bloody as they kicked and hit him with sticks and fists before tying him to a tree to bleed to death.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 22, Thousands of Egyptian protesters clashed with riot police and backers of the president's Muslim Brotherhood, ransacking several offices nationwide as anger over allegations of beatings and power-grabbing boiled over into the largest and most violent demonstrations yet on the doorstep of the powerful group.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Egypt a Bedouin taxi driver said he was driving two tourists, an Israeli-Arab tourist and a Norwegian female, to the popular Red Sea diving site of Dahab when gunmen ambushed his vehicle and captured them. Ingvild Selvik Ask (31) and Amir Hassan were released on March 26.
    (AP, 3/22/13)(AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 24, Egyptian Foreign Minister Mohammed Amr Kamel said that the Syrian opposition can now send an envoy to the two-day Arab League summit beginning March 26 in Doha..
    (AP, 3/24/13)
2013        Mar 24, Dozens of people from Syrian President Bashar Assad's own minority sect met in Cairo to send an unusual message to their fellow Alawites back home: Join the opposition before it is too late.
    (AP, 3/24/13)

2013        Mar 25, Egypt’s top prosecutor issued arrest warrants for 5 rights activists on suspicion of inciting violence against members of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (SFC, 3/26/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 26, Prominent Egyptian blogger Alaa Abdel-Fattah handed himself in to authorities, a day after the country's prosecutor general ordered his arrest over his alleged role in instigating violence during clashes between supporters and opponents of the Islamist president. blogger, Abdel-Fattah was freed following his demand that an investigative judge take over his case.
    (AP, 3/26/13)
2013        Mar 26, Egyptian authorities extradited two Libyan officials from the regime of deposed dictator Moammar Gadhafi back to their home country. Former ambassador to Cairo Ali Maria (71) and ex-official Mohammed Ibrahim Gadhafi (44) were handcuffed after resisting the transfer.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 27, An Egyptian appeals court annulled a November presidential decree dismissing the country's top prosecutor and ordered him reinstated.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, Egypt's naval forces captured three scuba divers who were trying to cut an undersea Internet cable in the Mediterranean. Telecom executives meanwhile blamed a weeklong Internet slowdown on damage caused to another cable by a ship.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 29, In northern Egypt clashes erupted in Alexandria and Zagazig, and protesters rallied in Cairo in the latest demonstrations against Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, who claims the recent wave of anti-government unrest is the work of conspirators.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Mar 30, Egyptian state prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for  Bassem Youssef, a popular TV satirist for allegedly insulting Islam and the country's president.
    (AP, 3/30/13)
2013        Mar 30, Egyptian police detained 13 people including five lawyers, accusing them of assaulting police in the city of Alexandria.
    (AP, 3/30/13)

2013        Apr 1, In Egypt an outbreak of food poisoning at al-Azhar University forced the hospitalization of 479 students. It occurred after a meal served at the university dormitories in Cairo's Nasr City district. The outbreak led to student protests.
    (AP, 4/2/13)
2013        Apr 1, Palestinian militant group Hamas re-elected longtime leader Khaled Mashaal (56) in a vote held in Cairo. He ran unopposed in the vote, winning the support of a majority in Hamas' Shura Council which has about 60 members.
    (AP, 4/2/13)

2013        Apr 3, An Egyptian court ruled against the extradition to Libya of Ahmed Qaddaf al-Dam, a former close aide of Moammar Gadhafi. Al-Dam had coordinated relations between Libya and Egypt for decades.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 4, Egypt's president began a two-day visit to Sudan aimed at boosting cooperation after deteriorating relations between the two nations under ousted leader Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 6, In Egypt Clashes between Egyptian Muslims and Christians erupted in Shubra el-Kheima, a suburb north of Cairo, leaving at least five people dead. Attackers doused Saber Helal (26), a Copticf Christian, with gasoline and set him on fire. Helal died of hiw wounds on April 11. Police said the clashes started when young Muslims drew inflammatory symbols on an Islamic institute and a local mosque. Residents had different accounts of what sparked the violence.
    (AP, 4/6/13)(AP, 4/11/13)
2013        Apr 6, A Cairo court dismissed a lawsuit filed by an Islamist lawyer demanding that Bassem Youssef's "ElBernameg," or "The Program,"  TV show be banned for allegedly insulting the president and containing excessive sexual innuendo.
    (AP, 4/6/13)

2013        Apr 7, In Egypt clashes clashes broke out following the funeral of four Christians killed in sectarian violence a day earlier. Two more people were killed and another 89 injured outside Cairo's main Coptic cathedral.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 7, Egyptian train drivers and conductors announced they were on strike to press demands for better pay. A 10% raise was rejected by the train drivers and conductors as too little.
    (AP, 4/7/13)

2013        Apr 8, In Egypt Dutch journalist Rena Netjes was arrested by Egyptian citizens while reporting in Cairo, accused of being a spy and handed to authorities who detained her overnight.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 11, Egypt's Islamist-dominated legislature approved a revised version of the law organizing the country's parliamentary elections, after a court ruled an earlier version was invalid and delayed the vote.
    (AP, 4/11/13)

2013        Apr 16, An Egyptian court sentenced policeman Osama el-Kounayassi to 15 years imprisonment for manslaughter for torturing an ultraconservative Salafi Muslim to death. The Salafi was arrested along with other suspects in the aftermath of the bombing on Jan 1, 2011, when at least 21 worshippers were killed while leaving a New Year's Eve mass in Alexandria.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, In Egypt gunmen opened fire on a security convoy in central Sinai, killing a police lieutenant and seriously injuring another policeman before fleeing.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 17, Militants in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula fired at least two rockets at Israel's southern resort town of Eilat. Nobody was hurt in the attack.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 19, In Egypt thousands of supporters of Islamist Pres. Morsi took to the streets of Cairo, calling on him to "cleanse the judiciary."
    (AP, 4/19/13)

2013        Apr 21, Egypt's state news agency says that a government legal agency representing President Mohammed Morsi has lost an appeal to reverse a court-ordered suspension of parliamentary elections. Justice Minister Ahmed Mekki submitted his resignation, in a move that signaled strong disapproval of the president's handling of a prolonged showdown with the country's judiciary.
    (AP, 4/21/13)
2013        Apr 21, In Egypt a provincial prosecutor ordered a man flogged 80 times for public drunkenness. Police officers in the southern province of Minya refused to carry out the order. The country's top attorney soon ordered Hussein Anani's decision cancelled and referred him to a judicial investigation.
    (AP, 4/22/13)

2013        Apr 23, In Egypt Fuad Gadallah, the most senior legal advisor to Pres. Morse, resigned, issuing a public letter that cited a lack of vision.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.52)
2013        Apr 23, Egypt's state news agency reported that former finance minister Yousef Boutros-Ghali, a nephew of former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, was found guilty in absentia of squandering around $3.6 million during his final years in the post.
    (AP, 4/23/13)

2013        Apr 24, Egypt's Islamist-led parliament pushed ahead with a law that could force into retirement many of the nation's most senior judges, despite an uproar by the judiciary over fears the president's allies want to control the courts.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        May 2, Prominent Egyptian activist Ahmed Douma was arrested and immediately referred to trial for allegedly insulting the country's president in a TV interview.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2013        May 9, Ratings agency Standard & Poor's pushed Egypt's sovereign credit ratings deeper into junk status to CCC+ and C, from B- and B, citing "continued pressure" on foreign reserves.
    (AP, 5/9/13)
2013        May 9, In Egypt American national Christopher Stone was attacked and stabbed outside the US Embassy in Cairo. Police arrested the attacker.
    (AP, 5/9/13)(SFC, 5/10/13, p.A2)

2013        May 10, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood staged an anti-Israel rally in Cairo, the first such protest by the main backers of President Morsi since they rose to prominence in the wake of the country's 2011 uprising. Ahmed Maher, founder of the April 6 Youth Movement, was arrested at Cairo airport as he returned from a trip to the United States.
    (AP, 5/10/13)(AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 11, Egypt's interior minister said that security authorities have arrested three suspected al-Qaida-linked militants who were planning to carry out suicide attacks on vital installations and an unspecified foreign embassy. Egypt's top prosecutor ordered the release of Ahmed Maher, founder of the April 6 Youth Movement that was at the forefront of the 2011 revolt that ousted longtime President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 16, In Egypt masked gunmen ambushed two taxis at gunpoint outside the city of el-Arish, the capital of North Sinai governorate, fleeing with four border policemen working at the Rafah crossing, a riot policeman, and a military border guard. A 7th person was also taken captive. All 7 men were released on May 22.
    (AP, 5/16/13)(AP, 5/17/13)(AP, 5/22/13)

2013        May 17, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas at protesters hurling firebombs at them in central Cairo, hours after hundreds of opponents of Egypt's President Mohammed Morsi rallied peacefully in the streets denouncing his rule and demanding early presidential elections.
    (AP, 5/17/13)
2013        May 17, In Egypt dozens of disgruntled border policemen forced the closure of the main crossing point into the Gaza Strip to protest the abduction of their colleagues by suspected militants.
    (AP, 5/17/13)

2013        May 18, In Egypt baggage handlers in Cairo went on strike after a baggage handler who works for EgyptAir died when a conveyer belt used to unload luggage fell on his head. The strike did not disrupt flights.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 21, Egypt's president signed a new tax law that cut the amount paid by poorer Egyptians in the latest move aimed at reforming the country's economy.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 24, An Egyptian security official said 10 male relatives have killed a mother and her two daughters on suspicion of moral offenses, so-called "honor killings."
    (AP, 5/24/13)

2013        May 31, In Egypt a bus carrying Mexican tourists overturned in the Sinai Peninsula before bursting into flames, killing at least six tourists.
    (AP, 5/31/13)

2013        Jun 3, An Egyptian court official said five foreigners have been sentenced to death after being convinced of drug smuggling. They included a Briton, a Pakistani, and 3 individuals from the Republic of Seychelles.
    (AP, 6/3/13)

2013        Jun 4, An Egyptian court convicted 43 nonprofit workers, including at least 16 Americans, of illegally using foreign funds to foment unrest in the country, sentencing them to up to five years in jail. Nonprofit pro-democracy groups have trained thousands of young Egyptians in political activism and organizing, an education that played a key part in the success of the 2011 uprising that toppled Mubarak.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 5, Egypt's state-run news agency said the state prosecutor has referred 12 activists including several prominent bloggers to trial on charges of instigating violence during a March demonstration at the headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist group from which the president hails. A signature drive, known as "Tamarod" or "Rebel" in Arabic, has reportedly collected some 7 million signatures calling for the removal of Egypt's Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 6/5/13)
2013        Jun 5, In Egypt striking workers at the Cairo international airport's largest terminal blocked airplanes on the tarmac and disrupting flights.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 9, In Egypt suspected militants shot dead a counterterrorism police officer in the Sinai Peninsula after they swerved in front of his car while he was driving. Maj. Mohammed Abdelaziz (30) managed to kill one of his two assailants in the gunfight in the town of el-Arish.
    (AP, 6/9/13)

2013        Jun 10, Egyptian Prime Minister Hesham Kandil said  the country will work diplomatically, legally and technically to negotiate with Ethiopia over the so-called Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.
    (AP, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 13, Egyptian pilots working for the national carrier staged a 10-hour sit-in protest, delaying 22 flights in an effort to press their demands for management changes and bonus payments.
    (AP, 6/13/13)

2013        Jun 15, Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi told supporters at a Cairo rally that his country is severing ties with Damascus and closing its embassy in the Syrian capital. Morsi also called for a UN endorsed no-fly zone over Syria.
    (AP, 6/16/13)

2013        Jun 16, In Egypt a hard-line Muslim cleric received an 11-year suspended sentence for tearing up and burning a Bible. His son was given a suspended sentence of eight years over the same incident.
    (AP, 6/16/13)

2013        Jun 18, In Egypt clashes erupted in the Nile Delta city of Tanta between supporters and opponents of Pres. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood over his appointment of new Islamist governors, some in areas where opponents are strong.
    (AP, 6/19/13)

2013        Jun 19, A state security prosecutor in the United Arab Emirates said 30 Egyptian and UAE suspects have been charged with plotting a coup linked to a network of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, in a case likely to further strain relations with Cairo.
    (AP, 6/19/13)

2013        Jun 21, In Egypt tens of thousands of supporters of Islamist Pres. Morsi gathered for a huge rally that filled part of a main boulevard near Cairo's presidential palace in a show of force against opponents demanding his ouster, signs of increasing tension and polarization.
    (AP, 6/21/13)

2013        Jun 23, An Egyptian court said that Muslim Brotherhood members conspired with Hamas, Hezbollah and local militants to storm a prison on Jan 29, 2011, and free 34 Brotherhood leaders, including the future President Mohammed Morsi. Adel el-Khayat, a member of a radical Islamist group appointed by Morsi as governor of the ancient city of Luxor, resigned in the face of daily protests outside his office.
    (AP, 6/23/13)
2013        Jun 23, In Egypt a Shiite prayer leader (66) and 3 followers were bludgeoned to death by a Sunni mob. The attack came after Salafi preachers in the village of Zawiyet Abu Muslim gave a small local Shiite community an ultimatum to leave the town by sundown.
    (AP, 6/24/13)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.45)

2013        Jun 28,  In Egypt thousands of backers of Islamist President Morsi rallied in Cairo in a show of support ahead of planned opposition protests this weekend demanding his removal. In Alexandria two people were killed, including American Andrew Pochter (21), a student from Chevy Chase, Md., working in Egypt as an intern for a non-profit education organization. A home-made hand grenade exploded during a protest against Morsi in Port Said. One person was killed and some 15 wounded.
    (AP, 6/28/13)(Reuters, 6/29/13)(AP, 6/29/13)

2013        Jun 29, In Egypt Mahmoud Badr, a leader of the Tamarod, or rebel, movement said that 22,134,460 Egyptians have signed the petition demanding President Mohammed Morsi's ouster.
    (AP, 6/29/13)
2013        Jun 29, A senior Egyptian police officer was shot dead by unknown gunmen who ambushed his car in the Sinai Peninsula town of El Arish.
    (Reuters, 6/29/13)

2013        Jun 30, In Egypt tens of thousands of opponents of Islamist Pres. Morsi massed in Cairo's Tahrir Square and in cities around the country, launching an all-out push to force him from office on the one-year anniversary of his inauguration. At least 16 people were killed and more than 600 wounded in clashes between supporters and opponents of President Morsi.
    (AP, 6/30/13)(Reuters, 6/30/13)(AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 1, Egypt’s military gave Pres. Morsi a July 3 deadline to resolve the country’s political crises. The military said it would "announce a road map for the future and measures to implement it" if Morsi and its opponents cannot reach a consensus within 48 hours. Protesters stormed and ransacked the Cairo headquarters of President Mohammed Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood group early today as demonstrators geared up for a second day of mass rallies aimed at forcing the Islamist leader from power.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 2, An Egyptian court said Pres. Morsi must reinstate an attorney general fired last year in another blow to his authority. 7 people were killed in clashes in Cairo between supporters and opponents of Pres. Morsi.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 3, In Egypt at least 16 people were killed and 200 wounded when gunmen opened fire on supporters of President Mohamed Mursi who were rallying outside Cairo University. Egypt's military ousted its first freely elected president after millions protested around the country and demanded Morsi's resignation. Abdel Fattah El Sisi, the head of Egypt's armed forces, announced on state television that Egypt's constitution was suspended, a new civilian government would be installed, and early elections would be held.
    (Reuters, 7/3/13)(AP, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 4, In Egypt Adli Mansour, the chief justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court, was sworn in as the nation's interim president, taking over hours after the military ousted the Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. The prosecutor's office ordered the arrest of the Muslim Brotherhood's top leader, Mohamed Badie, and his deputy Khairat el-Shater on accusations of inciting violence in which at least 8 people were killed earlier this week.
    (AP, 7/4/13)(Reuters, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 5, Egyptian troops opened fire on supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi marching on Republican Guard facility. Islamist gunmen staged multiple attacks on security forces in the troubled Sinai Peninsula. 5 police offers were killed in El Arish. Two soldiers were killed in el-Gorah. At least 36 people were killed in clashes across the country. Khairat el-Shater, the deputy head of the Muslim Brotherhood was arrested along with his brother. In southern Egypt a mob of Muslim extremists rampaged through the village of Nagaa Hassan and killed Emile Naseem (41) with axes and clubs. His nephew escaped. 3 other Christians were stabbed to death as the mob burned dozens of Christian houses in the village.
    (AP, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/6/13)(AP, 7/6/13)(SFC, 7/11/13, p.A2)(Econ, 7/13/13, p.42)
2013        Jul 5, The African Union suspended Egypt from membership in the continental body after the military ouster of President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 7/5/13)

2013        Jul 6, In Egypt gunmen shot dead a Coptic Christian priest in El Marish in the lawless Northern Sinai in what could be the first sectarian attack since the military overthrow of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi. Several attacks on checkpoints took place in al-Mahajer and al-Safaa in Rafah, as well as Sheikh Zuwaid and al-Kharouba.
    (Reuters, 7/6/13)
2013        Jul 6, In Egypt an explosion hit a gas pipeline in the lawless Sinai peninsula following a spate of attacks on security checkpoints.
    (Reuters, 7/7/13)

2013        Jul 8, Egyptian soldiers and police clashed with Islamists protesting the military's ouster of the president. The bloodshed left 53 pro-Morsi protesters dead as well as 4 members of the security forces.
    (AP, 7/8/13)(AP, 7/9/13)(AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 9, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood rejected a new timetable announced by the military-backed interim leadership that sets a fast track for amending the Islamist-drafted constitution and holding new parliamentary and presidential elections by early next year. Hazem el-Beblawi was appointed by the interim president as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 9, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirate promised $8 billion in grants, loans and badly needed gas and oil to Egypt.
    (AP, 7/10/13)

2013        Jul 10, Egyptian authorities escalated their crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood by ordering the arrest of Mohammed Badie, its spiritual leader, as well as nine other leading Islamists. The group remained steadfast in its defiance of the new military-backed administration and refused offers to join an interim government. Militants attacked a security checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, Kuwait promised $4 billion in aid to Egypt.
    (AP, 7/10/13)

2013        Jul 12, In Egypt Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Mohamed Mursi protested in Cairo after a week of violence in which more than 90 people were killed in a bitterly divided nation. Militants fired an RPG at an armored car at the checkpoint, killing Lt. Col. Ahmed Mahmoud (40) in el-Arish.
    (AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 13, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood called for more mass demonstrations in support of ousted President Mohamed Mursi after a huge pro-Mursi march broke up peacefully before dawn, ending a week in which at least 90 people were killed.
    (AP, 7/13/13)

2013        Jul 14, In Egypt Mohamed ElBaradei (71), a leading reform advocate, took office as Egypt's interim vice president, reinforcing the role in the new leadership of liberals who are strongly opposed to the deposed president's Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 7/14/13)

2013        Jul 15, In Egypt at least 3 people were killed and 17 wounded when suspected militants fired rocket-propelled grenades at a bus carrying workers in the North Sinai province early today. Clashes in central Cairo between police and supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi left at least 7 people dead. Authorities arrested 401 people over clashes.
    (Reuters, 7/15/13)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.45)

2013        Jul 16, In Egypt interim Pres. Adly Mansour swore in a Cabinet that included women and Christians, but no Islamists.
    (SFC, 7/17/13, p.A3)(AP, 7/16/13)(Reuters, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 17, Several hundred supporters of Egypt's deposed Pres. Morsi massed outside the Cabinet building in Cairo, expanding their protests denouncing the country's new government and demanding the reinstatement of the Islamist leader. Suspected militants killed 3 policemen and seriously wounded two in an attack in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 7/17/13)(AP, 7/18/13)

2013        Jul 19, In Egypt thousands of supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi rallied in Cairo to demand the restoration of the ousted Islamist leader, with his opponents also planning protests nearby. A woman and a 13-year-old boy were killed when supporters and opponents of the ousted president clashed in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 21, In Egypt a bus carrying soldiers crashed into a truck on a highway betgween Cairo and Alexandria early today, killing 15 soldiers and a driver.
    (AP, 7/21/13)

2013        Jul 22, In Egypt 2 civilians, 2 army officers and 2 policemen were killed in at least 10 overnight attacks in the Sinai province's northern cities of Rafah and El-Arish against police stations and security and army checkpoints.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)

2013        Jul 23, In Egypt 6 people were killed in Cairo in clashes between opponents and Islamist supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi.
    (Reuters, 7/23/13)

2013        Jul 24, In Egypt a bomb blast outside the security headquarters in the Nile Delta city of Mansoura wounded 19 people. 11 people have been killed in clashes between supporters and opponents of the ousted president since July 22. A pro-Morsi group claimed another 2 people were killed in a march in Cairo by assailants who fired on them from rooftops.
    (AP, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 25, Two Egyptian soldiers were killed and four were injured when gunmen opened fire on a military checkpoint near the North Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweid.
    (Reuters, 7/25/13)
2013        Jul 25, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said Egypt has been detaining Syrian refugees without charge and threatening to deport them in a climate of growing hostility since the army seized power last month.
    (Reuters, 7/25/13)

2013        Jul 26, Egyptian prosecutors accused ousted President Mohammed Morsi of conspiring with the Palestinian militant group Hamas and murder in his 2011 escape from prison that left 14 guards dead. Tens of thousands of supporters and many less opponents of the Islamist leader massed for rival rallies. In Alexandria 7 people were killed and over 100 were injured in clashes between supporters and opponents of Morsi.
    (AP, 7/26/13)

2013        Jul 27, In Egypt clashes erupted in Cairo between security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi. More than 80 people were killed in the violence at a Cairo vigil by backers of deposed President Mohamed Morsi. People living on Badr el-Din street in Cairo found two young men dumped in a pile of rubbish by a park. Amr Mohammed Salim (22), a street vendor, was dead, hands bound and body covered with gashes, residents said. Hany Moussa (24), a kitchen helper, was still alive, but barely.
    (AP, 7/27/13)(Reuters, 7/28/13)(AP, 8/6/13)(Econ, 8/3/13, p.13)

2013        Jul 28, Egypt's interim president gave the prime minister the power to grant the military the right to arrest civilians after a weekend of violence between supporters of the country's deposed leader and security forces.
    (AP, 7/28/13)

2013        Jul 29, Egyptian police detained two leaders of a Muslim Brotherhood-allied party in the latest in a wave of arrests of prominent Islamists, while the EU's top diplomat, Catherine Ashton, held talks with officials in Cairo in an attempt to mediate an end to the country's crisis.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Aug 1, Egypt's army-backed government urged supporters of deposed president Mohamed Mursi to abandon their Cairo protest camps, promising them a safe exit if they gave up without a fight.
    (Reuters, 8/1/13)

2013        Aug 3, Egypt's army-installed government promised supporters of ousted President Mohamed Mursi a safe exit from their protest camps and urged them to rejoin the political process.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)

2013        Aug 4, Yemen's Nobel Peace Prize winner Tawakkul Karman was denied entry into Egypt after she landed at Cairo airport. She has stated her opposition to the military coup that ousted fellow Islamist Mohammed Morsi on July 3 and was sent back on a flight that brought her to Cairo from the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 9, In Egypt 4 Islamist militants were killed by a missile strike as they prepared to launch rockets at Israel. The Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis group said that its members were the target of the Israeli drone strike.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)

2013        Aug 10, Egyptian helicopters fired on a meeting of suspected militants in the country's Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 12, Egyptian authorities postponed a move to disperse two Cairo sit-ins by supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to "avoid bloodshed." Islamist supporters stepped up rallies to demand his return to power.
    (AP, 8/12/13)

2013        Aug 13, Egypt’s interim president swore in 20 new provincial governors. This meant the official removal of 10 Brotherhood governors appointed under Morsi.
    (SFC, 8/14/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 14, Egyptian police in riot gear swept in with armored vehicles and bulldozers to clear two sprawling encampments of supporters of the country's ousted Islamist president in Cairo, showering protesters with tear gas as the sound of gunfire rang out. Over 600 people were killed. Clashes also broke out elsewhere in Cairo and other provinces across the country, with police stations, government buildings and churches attacked or set ablaze. Nobel Peace Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei resigned late today as Egypt's interim vice president in protest — a blow to the new leadership's credibility with the pro-reform movement. 43 policemen were reported killed, 18 of them in Nasr City.
    (AP, 8/14/13)(AP, 8/15/13)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.19)

2013        Aug 15, In Egypt Morsi supporters tried to storm the building housing the local government in Giza, Cairo's twin city on the west bank of the Nile River. Police repelled the attack, arresting several protesters. In a Cairo mosque the charred and mutilated bodies of more than 200 Egyptians awaited claim, apparently uncounted and unacknowledged by the state after security forces crushed Islamist protest camps.
    (AP, 8/15/13)(Reuters, 8/15/13)

2013        Aug 16, In Egypt tens of thousands of Muslim Brotherhood supporters took to the streets in defiance of a military-imposed state of emergency following bloodshed earlier this week. Street fighting in Cairo and other clashes across the country left 173 people dead.
    (AP, 8/16/13)(AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 17, In Egypt clashes continued near a downtown Cairo mosque, where hundreds of Morsi's supporters remained after barricading themselves inside overnight. A security official said Mohammed al-Zawahri, leader of the ultraconservative Jihadi Salafist group, was detained at a checkpoint in Giza. He is the brother of al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri.
    (AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 18, Egyptian authorities raided homes of Muslim Brotherhood members in an apparent attempt to disrupt the group ahead of mass rallies by supporters of country's ousted president. 36 people were killed when Muslim Brotherhood detainees tried to escape from a prison truck convoy in northern Cairo. The convoy trucks were carrying more than 600 detainees rounded up in earlier street violence between security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 8/18/13)

2013        Aug 19, In Egypt at least 24 policemen were killed and three wounded in an ambush by Islamist militants near the Sinai town of Rafah. In 2014 prominent Islamist militant Adel Habara was convicted of killing 25 army conscripts. In 2016 Egypt's Court of Cassation rejected an appeal of Habara’s death sentence.
    (Reuters, 8/19/13)(AP, 12/10/16)

2013        Aug 20, Egypt's military-backed authorities arrested Mohammed Badie, the supreme leader of the country's Muslim Brotherhood. Badie’s son Ammar, was shot dead during violent clashes between security forces and Morsi supporters in Cairo on Aug 16. Egyptian journalist Tamer Abdel-Raouf, working for the state-run  Al-Ahram newspaper, was shot dead by soldiers at a military checkpoint.
    (AP, 8/20/13)

2013        Aug 21, An Egyptian court ordered the release of ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, The EU decided to suspend exports of weapons and goods that could be used for internal repression but did not halt aid programs for fear of hurting ordinary Egyptians already hit hard.
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Aug 22, Egypt's ousted leader Hosni Mubarak was released from prison and transported to a military hospital in a Cairo suburb where he will be held under house arrest.
    (AP, 8/22/13)

2013        Aug 24, Egyptian troops killed four militants who attacked a military checkpoint in Sinai near the border with Gaza.
    (AP, 8/24/13)
2013        Aug 24, An Egyptian official said the country's border crossing with Gaza, which was closed after a deadly attack on policemen this week, has reopened, but will be open only for four hours every day because security concerns remain high in Sinai.
    (AP, 8/24/13)

2013        Aug 28, Egyptian security officials said police have detained more than 60 supporters and members of the Muslim Brotherhood over the past 24 hours, including relatives of top leaders.
    (AP, 8/28/13)

2013        Aug 30, In Egypt unidentified gunmen in two cars opened fire on a police station in the upscale Cairo neighborhood of Heliopolis, killing an officer. The drive-by attack happened ahead of planned nationwide protests by the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 8/30/13)

2013        Aug, in Egypt Ibrahim Halawa, an Irish-Egyptian, was arrested along with his three sisters, days after security forces violently broke up a sit-in by supporters of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. The sisters were released in November 2013 and have since left Egypt. On Sep 18, 2017, a criminal court acquitted Halawa.
    (AFP, 9/18/17)

2013        Sep 2, An Egyptian judicial panel advised a court to dissolve the Muslim Brotherhood as a legally registered non-governmental organization, posing a legal challenge to the group as the army-backed government presses a crackdown.
    (Reuters, 9/2/13)

2013        Sep 3, Egypt’s interim Pres. Adli Mansour, in his first televised interview, said “the era of pharaonic rule is over" as he explained why he has lifted a legal ban against insulting Egypt’s leader.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, p.51)
2013        Sep 3, Egyptian helicopter gunships fired rockets at militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 8 and injuring 15 others in an ongoing campaign to put down Islamic radicals who have escalated attacks in the largely lawless region.
    (AP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, An Egyptian military official says a military tribunal has sentenced 11 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to life imprisonment and 45 others to five years in prison over charges of assaulting army troops during riots on Aug 14 and 16 in Suez city.
    (AP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, A Cairo court ordered the closure of four television channels, including Al-Jazeera Egypt and Ahrar 25, a network belonging to the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AFP, 9/3/13)

2013        Sep 4, An Egyptian policeman was shot dead and another wounded at a checkpoint in the southern town of Aswan. The attack was carried out by relatives of a man killed earlier in an exchange of fire with police at the checkpoint.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)

2013        Sep 5, In Egypt the driver of a car used in an attempt to blow up the interior minister died during the attack. Police killed two attackers who were trying to assassinate the interior minister. Al-Qaida-inspired militants on Oct 26 posted a video saying Waleed Badr, ex-Egyptian army officer, carried out the suicide bombing.
    (AP, 9/5/13)(Reuters, 9/5/13)

2013        Sep 6, In Egypt thopusands of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and the nation's ousted president protested across the country against the military-backed government.
    (AP, 9/6/13)

2013        Sep 7, Egyptian helicopter gunships and tanks pounded suspected hideouts of Islamic militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula in a major new offensive in the insurgent stronghold.
    (AP, 9/7/13)

2013        Sep 8, Former presidential candidate and opposition leader Amr Mussa was elected head of Egypt's 50-member panel that has been tasked with drawing up a new constitution.
    (AFP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, Egyptian Gen. Osama Askar, commander of the 3rd Army, told reporters that the shoulder-fired SAM-7 missiles were found in a mosque and in homes of suspected militants in the southern part of Sheikh Zuweyid town, near the border with the Gaza Strip and Israel.
    (AP, 9/8/13)

2013        Sep 9, Egyptian army troops, backed by helicopter gunships, attacked hideouts of Islamic militants in Sinai, killing nine and arresting 10.
    (AP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 10, Egyptian authorities said they will bar 55,000 unlicensed clerics from preaching in mosques in the latest move against sympathizers of deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Egyptian security officials said a series of attacks in the restive Sinai peninsula over the past 24 hours, mostly against soldiers, killed at least four people.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 11, In Egypt’s Sinai area a pair of near-simultaneous suicide bombers rammed their explosives-laden cars into military targets, killing 6 soldiers in Rafah.
    (AP, 9/11/13)(AFP, 9/12/13)
2013        Sep 11, The Hamas Islamist group ruling Gaza sought to ease tensions with Cairo by ordering Muslim preachers to mute their criticism of the Egyptian government over what some of the clerics have called its war on Islam.
    (Reuters, 9/11/13)

2013        Sep 12, Egypt’s Interim president Adly Mansour extended by two months the state of emergency in force since mid-August.
    (AFP, 9/12/13)
2013        Sep 12, An Egyptian court acquitted all 14 defendants, including policemen, accused of killing 17 protesters during the bloodiest day of a revolt that toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak over two years ago.
    (Reuters, 9/12/13)

2013        Sep 13, Egyptian soldiers backed by attack helicopters swept through several villages in the strategic Sinai peninsula, part of an offensive aimed at driving out al-Qaida-inspired groups.
    (AP, 9/13/13)

2013        Sep 16, Nine Egyptian policemen were injured when a bomb detonated on a road in North Sinai, scene of a surge in Islamist militancy, near the border with the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)

2013        Sep 17, Egyptian police arrested Gehad el-Haddad, the main English-language spokesman of the Muslim Brotherhood, along with other senior members of the group on charges of inciting violence. Gunmen killed a military officer and a soldier in an attack on an army vehicle northeast of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)(SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 18, Egypt partially reopened its border crossing with the Gaza Strip, a week after it was closed in response to a deadly attack on an Egyptian military headquarters near the frontier.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)

2013        Sep 19, Egyptian security forces backed by helicopters raided Kerdasa, a town on the outskirts of Cairo known to be an Islamist stronghold, exchanging fire with suspected militants who killed a senior police officer. 32 suspects were arrested in house-to-house raids.
    (AP, 9/19/13)

2013        Sep 25, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood said authorities overnight shut down the headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice newspaper in Cairo, the latest move aimed at crushing the Islamist movement.
    (Reuters, 9/25/13)

2013        Sep 27, In Egypt unidentified gunmen shot dead a policeman in the city of El-Arish in North Sinai, near the border with the Palestinian Gaza Strip and Israel. In Alexandria dozens of people were hurt when pro-Morsi protesters clashed with residents.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Sep 28, An Egyptian soldier was shot dead in the Sinai Peninsula. Militants released a video showing attacks against the army in the region where the state is trying to stamp out al Qaeda-linked fighters.
    (Reuters, 9/28/13)

2013        Sep 30, In Egypt gunmen killed two policemen and a soldier in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 9/30/13)

2013        Oct 2, Egypt's interim government decided that insulting the flag and refusing to stand for the national anthem is an offense punishable by law. A high school student was killed when opponents and supporters of deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi clashed in the city of Suez.
    (AP, 10/2/13)(Reuters, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 4, In Egypt thousands of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, defying a crackdown, marched through a Cairo suburb. Hundreds of supporters of Egypt's deposed President Mohamed Mursi clashed with their opponents as they tried to enter Tahrir Square in central Cairo, and police fired tear gas to disperse them. 4 people died in the clashes. Masked gunmen fired on a military vehicle near Ismailiya, killing one soldier and wounding an officer and another soldier.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)(AFP, 10/4/13)

2013        Oct 6, In Egypt dozens of people were killed in clashes across the country between security forces and supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. 48 people died in Cairo and 9 in other parts of the country.
    (AFP, 10/6/13)(Reuters, 10/7/13)(AFP, 10/8/13)

2013        Oct 7, In Egypt suspected militants killed 6 soldiers near the Suez Canal and fired rocket-propelled grenades at a state satellite station in Cairo. A car bombing hit the security headquarters in el-Tor near the tourist resorts of southern Sinai, killing 3 policemen and wounding dozens.
    (Reuters, 10/7/13)(AP, 10/7/13)

2013        Oct 9, The US said it is poised stopped shipments of some large-scale military systems as well as halting $260 million in cash aid to Egyptian military leaders, who ousted Pres. Mohamed Morsi in July.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)(SFC, 10/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 10, In Egypt a suicide bomber drove his explosives-laden car into a checkpoint outside el-Arish in the Sinai Peninsula and detonated it, killing 3 soldiers and a policeman.
    (AP, 10/10/13)

2013        Oct 11, The Egyptian coast guard rescued 72 Palestinians, 40 Syrians and 4 Egyptians when a boat carrying illegal migrants and Syrian refugees sank off Egypt's northern coast. 12 people died.
    (Reuters, 10/11/13)

2013        Oct 13, An Egyptian army MiG-21 aircraft crashed near the southern city of Luxor, leaving one person dead and three others injured on the ground after the crew ejected.
    (AFP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, Egyptian security officials said James Henry (66), a retired US citizen detained in August for violating curfew in Sinai, was found dead in his jail cell after he used his belt and shoe laces to hang himself.
    (AP, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 18, In Egypt suspected militants killed a police officer in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 10/18/13)

2013        Oct 19, In Egypt a car bomb exploded near a military intelligence compound in the Suez Canal city of Ismailia, wounding six soldiers.
    (AP, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 20, Egyptian security forces fired bird shot and teargas to prevent supporters of deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi from marching to the site of a protest camp that was destroyed two months ago. An attack outside a Coptic church in Cairo killed 4 people, including an 8-year-old girl.
    (Reuters, 10/20/13)(AP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 21, In Egypt thousands of students from the al-Azhar University staged a third day of protests, in one of the boldest challenges to the army since it toppled Islamist President Mohamed Mursi in July.
    (Reuters, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 22, In Egypt militants ambushed a military convoy in northern Sinai early, killing a soldier and a civilian bystander.
    (AP, 10/22/13)

2013        Oct 24, In Egypt suspected Islamists militants killed a policeman in a drive-by shooting in the Sinai Peninsula, where troops are battling to contain near daily violence. Egypt’s Cabinet said its nighttime curfew will be shortened to four hours, from 1 a.m. to 5 a.m., six days a week.
    (AFP, 10/24/13)(AP, 10/24/13)

2013        Oct 25, In Egypt thousands of supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood group marched in Cairo to keep pressure on the military-backed leadership as it tries to stabilize a country.
    (AP, 10/25/13)

2013        Oct 28, In Egypt gunmen killed 3 policemen at a security checkpoint north of Cairo.
    (AP, 10/28/13)

2013        Oct 30, Egyptian police fired teargas at protesting students at Cairo's al-Azhar university hours after authorities announced the detention of Muslim Brotherhood leader Essam El-Erian.
    (Reuters, 10/30/13)

2013        Nov 1, In Egypt controversial satirist Bassem Youssef's television channel suspended his program, a week after he returned from a four-month break and fired barbs at the country's military. Thousands supporting ousted Pres. Morsi marched in street protests across the country, ramping up pressure on the military-backed interim government ahead of his coming trial next week.
    (AFP, 11/1/13)(AP, 11/1/13)

2013        Nov 3, In Egypt gunmen killed two policemen near Ismailia on the west bank of the Suez Canal.
    (AFP, 11/3/13)

2013        Nov 4, Egypt's deposed Islamist president defiantly rejected a court's authority to try him, saying he was the country's "legitimate" leader and those that overthrew him should face charges instead.
    (AP, 11/4/13)

2013        Nov 6, A court in Egypt upheld an earlier ruling that banned the Muslim Brotherhood and ordered its assets confiscated.
    (AP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 8, In Egypt a child and another person died in clashes between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president in Cairo.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)

2013        Nov 12, Egypt's 3-month-old state of emergency ended today after a court ruling. Military and security officials held off from impleneting the ruling amid worries of protests by supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi. Egyptian police fired tear gas at student supporters of Morsi, who were protesting at the university in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
    (AP, 11/12/13)(Reuters, 11/12/13)(SFC, 11/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 13, Deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi said, in a leter read by his lawyer, that he was kidnapped by the Republican Guard on July 2, the day before the army announced his removal, and was later held at a naval base for four months. Morsi accused the military chief who deposed him of treason. A police armored personnel carrier ran over a pro-Mursi student who was protesting outside a state-run university in the southern city of Assiut. A court sentenced 12 supporters of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to 17 years in prison for taking part in a violent student-led protest.
    (Reuters, 11/13/13)(AP, 11/13/13)(AFP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 14, Egypt's foreign minister sought to downplay speculation of a major foreign policy shift, saying during a rare top-level Russian visit that Cairo wants to boost ties with Moscow and not replace the United States as its key ally. The defence ministers of Russia and Egypt held discussions on military collaboration between their countries.
    (AP, 11/14/13)(AFP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 15, In Egypt several thousand supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi rallied  following the recent end of a curfew. In Alexandria clashes betwwen residents and supporters of Morsi left a boy (16) dead.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 16, In Egypt a Muslim Brotherhood-led alliance said it is ready for a national dialogue to end the political standoff in the country, in an announcement that did not demand the return of the nation's toppled president to power.
    (AP, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 17, In Egypt gunmen shot dead Mohamed Mabruk, an officer in charge of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood file at the interior ministry's national security agency.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 18, Egypt's interim PM Hazem el-Beblawi inaugurated the start of what is to be a memorial to protesters killed in the country's revolutionary turmoil in the center of famed Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, In Egypt a train slammed into at least three vehicles, including a truck, crossing the tracks near the village of Dahshur. 26 people were killed and 28 remained hospitalized.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, The head of Russia's state-controlled industrial holding company said Moscow has signed a deal to provide Egypt with air defense missile systems.
    (AP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 19, Hundreds of Egyptians gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square to commemorate the deaths of protesters killed two years ago and call for the army-backed government to adopt reforms.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)

2013        Nov 20, In Egypt a suicide bomber rammed his explosive-laden car into one of two buses carrying off-duty soldiers in northern Sinai, killing 11 and wounding 37. A bomb attack on a checkpoint in Cairo wounded four policemen including a major.
    (AP, 11/20/13)(AFP, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 21, An Egyptian police officer was shot dead in a Nile Delta town while trying to arrest suspects wanted in connection with the killing of a security official.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)

2013        Nov 22, In Egypt a young boy and a man were killed as supporters and opponents of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi clashed.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)
2013        Nov 22, The UN refugee agency confirmed that 52 refugees of Syrian and Palestinian origin had refused to receive food delivered by a UNHCR-funded charity to the police station where they are held in Egypt’s coastal city of Alexandria.
    (Reuters, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 23, Egypt said it was expelling Turkey's ambassador and accused Ankara of backing organizations bent on spreading instability - an apparent reference to the Muslim Brotherhood of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 11/23/13)

2013        Nov 24, Egypt's interim Pres. Adly Mansour signed a new bill into law restricting rallies and other public gatherings, a move likely to raise fresh questions about the army-backed government's democratic credentials.
    (AFP, 11/24/13)

2013        Nov 25, Egyptian security forces fired tear-gas and dispersed university students who had defied a law passed a day earlier that restricts demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 26, Egyptian police fired a water cannon to disperse dozens of protesters near the Ministry of Interior after they defied a new law that restricts demonstrations. Egyptian troops killed a leader of an al-Qaida inspired group in the northern Sinai Peninsula. Mohammed Hussein Muhareb and his son were killed after troops closed in on his motorcade and a firefight ensued.
    (Reuters, 11/26/13)(AP, 11/26/13)
2013        Nov 26, Egyptian security sources said police in Cairo are investigating the disappearance of an Egyptian-born German author and critic of Islam, months after a cleric declared him an infidel and called for his death. Hamed Abdel-Samad, author of "The Downfall of the Islamic World: A Prognosis", went missing in recent days.
    (Reuters, 11/26/13)

2013        Nov 27, Egypt's prosecutor general ordered 24 detained activists to be held for four days for protesting a newly passed law criminalizing demonstrations without permits. Nearly two dozen Islamist women and girls, some as young as 15, were handed heavy prison sentences for protesting in a court ruling that came a day after police beat and terrorized prominent female activists in a crackdown on secular demonstrators under a tough new anti-protest law. On Dec 7 a court reduced the sentences of 14 young women to one year. The sentences of seven teenage girls were reduced to three months. All 21 were freed under suspended sentences.
    (AP, 11/27/13)(AFP, 12/7/13)

2013        Nov 29, In Egypt hundreds of Islamist demonstrators took to the streets in cities across the country, days after a disputed protest law was adopted and police forcefully broke up unauthorized gatherings.
    (AP, 11/29/13)

2013        Nov 30, In Egypt Ahmad Maher, a symbol of the popular uprising that ousted autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011, turned himself in to the authorities after an order for his arrest was made for defying a tough new law restricting demonstrations. Security forces fired volleys of tear gas to disperse stone-throwing protesters in central Cairo.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)

2013        Dec 1, Egypt's constitution-drafting panel approved a charter that preserves the military's wide-ranging powers, including the ability to try civilians, as police fired tear gas to disperse Islamists in Tahrir Square.
    (AFP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 2, Egyptian police fired tear gas as more than two thousand students backing ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi entered Cairo's Tahrir Square to demonstrate against July's military "coup."
    (AFP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 3, Prominent Egyptian youth leader Ahmed Duma was arrested for participating in a protest, the third pro-democracy activist to be detained within a week.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)
2013        Dec 3, Egyptian poet Ahmed Fouad Negm (84), renowned for his revolutionary poetry and outspoken criticism of Arab political leaders, died. He became recognized as a voice of protest in 1967 when he wrote poems on the Arab-Israeli war, which were highly acclaimed.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 6, Egyptian police used tear gas to end clashes in Cairo between supporters and opponents of ousted Pres. Mohamed Morsi.
    (Reuters, 12/6/13)
2013        Dec 6, Egyptian cleric Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, aka Abu Omar, kidnapped as part of the CIA's extraordinary rendition program, was convicted in absentia by an Italian court of decade-old terror charges and sentenced to six years in prison.
    (AP, 12/6/13)

2013        Dec 7, An Egyptian court acquitted 155 people arrested during deadly clashes in the capital between Islamist protesters and police in October.
    (AFP, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 9, Water ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan held talks on an Ethiopian dam project, after Egypt's objections delayed formation of a committee to implement expert advice.
    (AFP, 12/9/13)
2013        Dec 9, An Egyptian court sentenced three supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohamed Morsi to life imprisonment, in the latest tough ruling against opponents of the army-backed interim government.
    (Reuters, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 10, In Egypt police fired tear gas to prevent students of the Islamic Al-Azhar University from taking protests outside their campus, in the third straight day of unrest there.
    (AP, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 11, The trial of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood chief and his deputies on charges related to protest deaths came to an abrupt end when the judges quit in protest at chaos in the dock.
    (AFP, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 13, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas to disperse dozens of Islamist demonstrators marching across the country to demand the release of detained student protesters. Two young men were killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 12/13/13)(AFP, 12/14/13)

2013        Dec 16, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas at dozens of university students outside their Cairo campus in an attempt to prevent their protest from reaching the nearby defense ministry. Egypt's military killed Silmi Mohammed Masbah, a jihadist suspected of involvement in an ambush that left 16 Egyptian soldiers killed near the border with Israel last year.
    (AP, 12/16/13)(AFP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 17, Egypt's security forces clashed with supporters of the former Islamist president at several universities across the country, as an explosive device detonated in a residential area of the capital but caused no injuries or damage.
    (AP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 18, Egyptian prosecutors announced a new trial of ousted President Mohammed Morsi and the top leaders of his Muslim Brotherhood, accusing them of conspiring with Hamas, Hezbollah, Iran's Revolutionary Guard and militant groups to carry out a wave of terrorism to destabilize the country.
    (AP, 12/18/13)
2013        Dec 18, Egyptian police raided the offices of an NGO affiliated with a leftist former presidential candidate, arresting three employees and confiscating computers. The Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights, founded by former candidate Khaled Ali, has supported striking factory workers and defended activists at trials.
    (AFP, 12/19/13)
2013        Dec 18, The Swiss government said it has decided to keep 760 million Swiss francs ($858 million) in Egyptian and Tunisian assets frozen for three more years.
    (AP, 12/18/13)

2013        Dec 19, An Egyptian court acquitted former leader Hosni Mubarak's two sons and his last prime minister, Ahmed Shafik, of corruption charges.
    (AP, 12/19/13)

2013        Dec 20, In Egypt militants killed a soldier in a gunfight in the Sinai peninsula, as police in Cairo clashed with protesters demanding the reinstatement of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 21, Egypt's deposed Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, and 129 others including members of Hamas and Hezbollah, were referred to trial on murder and other charges related to a mass jail break during the 2011 uprising against Hosni Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 12/21/13)

2013        Dec 22, In Egypt 3 leading figures of the 2011 uprising were jailed for three years each for their role in recent protests, as the army-backed authorities intensified a crackdown on dissent.
    (Reuters, 12/22/13)

2013        Dec 23, In Egypt more than 450 imprisoned Muslim Brotherhood members launched a hunger strike to protest their "inhuman treatment" after being jailed following the military's overthrow of Pres. Morsi.
    (AFP, 12/23/13)

2013        Dec 24, In Egypt multiple explosions at the security headquarters in Mansoura killed 16 and injured more than 100.
    (AP, 12/24/13)(AP, 12/25/13)
2013        Dec 24, Egyptian state television reported the arrest of Hesham Kandil, the country's former prime minister, to serve a one-year prison sentence. He had served under the nation's toppled Islamist president.
    (AP, 12/24/13)
2013        Dec 24, Egypt's football league resumed following repeated suspensions for almost two years after a deadly stadium riot and political unrest in the country.
    (AFP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 25, Egypt’s PM Hazem el-Beblawi designated the Muslim Brotherhood a "terrorist" organization after multiple explosions at the security headquarters in Mansoura killed 16 and injured more than 100. The al-Qaida-inspired group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, or the Champions of Jerusalem, said it had carried out the attack.
    (AP, 12/25/13)(Reuters, 12/26/13)

2013        Dec 26, Egypt escalated its crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, detaining at least 38 of the group's supporters on charges of belonging to a terrorist organization the day after it was declared one by the government. A bomb exploded in a busy intersection near schools in Cairo, hitting a bus and wounding five people.
    (Reuters, 12/26/13)(AP, 12/26/13)

2013        Dec 27, In Egypt Muslim Brotherhood supporters and police clashed across the country, leaving at least 5 dead in protests after the army-backed government declared the group a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 12/27/13)

2013        Dec 28, In Egypt riot police moved into eastern Cairo's Al-Azhar campus, claiming that striking students were disrupting end-of-term exams. They fired tear gas and battled demonstrators in a melee that left one protester dead and an administration building torched.
    (AP, 12/28/13)

2013        Dec 29, In Egypt a bomb exploded outside a military intelligence building northeast of Cairo, wounding four people and damaging the structure as protests and security scares roil the country just weeks before a key vote.
    (AP, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 29, Egyptian authorities arrested four Al Jazeera journalists after the Interior Ministry accused the Qatar-based channel of broadcasting illegally from a hotel suite with a member of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)

2013        Dec 30, An Egyptian court sentenced 139 Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to two years in jail over violence that erupted in July. Egyptian security arrested Anas Beltagi, the son of a Muslim Brotherhood leader, along with two other on charges of inciting violence.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)(Reuters, 12/31/13)

2013        Dec 31, In Egypt unknown assailants attacked a natural gas pipeline in the Sinai.
    (Reuters, 12/31/13)

2013        Khaled Mohieddin, Egyptian leftist opposition leader, was awarded the Nile medal, Egypt's highest honor.
    (Reuters, 5/6/18)

2014        Jan 1, Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities said 96 artifacts, mostly small figurines and beads, have disappeared from the Aswan Museum's storehouse. Authorities said evidence pointed to an insider theft.
    (AP, 1/1/14)
2014        Jan 1, In Egypt 2 people were killed in violent clashes that erupted late today between pro-Islamist protesters and police in Alexandria.
    (Reuters, 1/1/14)

2014        Jan 2, Egyptian authorities produced what they said was a confession by the son of a senior member of the Muslim Brotherhood. An Alexandria court sentenced seven activists to two years in prison on several charges including protesting without a permit and clashing with police last month.
    (AP, 1/2/14)

2014        Jan 3, Egyptian riot police clashed with supporters of former Islamist Pres. Morsi across the country, leaving 17 dead and 62 injured as the Muslim Brotherhood renewed calls to protest ahead of a key referendum later this month.
    (AP, 1/3/14)(AP, 1/4/14)
2014        Jan 3, An Egyptian security official said police have found a murdered Swiss couple buried in the garden of their house in the Red Sea resort town of Hurgada. They were reportedly killed by the house's guard and two of his friends who wanted to rob the couple.
    (AFP, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 4, An Egyptian soldier was killed and at least two were wounded when a roadside bomb targeted their armored vehicle in the restive Sinai peninsula.
    (AFP, 1/4/14)
2014        Jan 4, The Tunisian coast guard fired on three Egyptian fishing boats intercepted in its territorial waters. One boat captain was killed.
    (SFC, 1/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 5, An Egyptian court gave suspended one-year sentences to 12 activists including youth leaders of the 2011 uprising for an attack on a former presidential candidate's headquarters.
    (AFP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 9, Egyptian courts convicted 113 Muslim Brotherhood supporters on charges including attacking police, rioting and weapons possession in three separate cases brought after protests against the army-backed government.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 10, In Egypt hundreds of Islamists rallied in Cairo and across the country, calling for a boycott of an upcoming constitutional referendum as clashes with security forces killed 3 people.
    (AP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds of students supporting ousted Pres. Morsi battled security forces at three Cairo universities, two days before a referendum that officials say will be protected by a massive deployment of soldiers and police.
    (AP, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 14, Egyptians voted on a new constitution in a referendum that will pave the way for a likely presidential run by the nation's top general months after he ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. 11 people were killed on the 1st day of the vote.
    (AP, 1/14/14)(AFP, 1/14/14)(AP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 15, Egyptians lined up to vote on the second and final day of a key referendum on the country's new constitution.
    (AP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 16, Egypt's state media said the new constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum. A senior official said an overwhelming majority of Egyptians who voted on the country's new constitution have backed the draft charter. An international monitoring group criticized the clampdown ahead of the vote and said authorities had imposed "severe limits" on freedom of expression.
    (Reuters, 1/16/14)(AP, 1/16/14)

2014        Jan 17, In Egypt at least 4 people was killed in clashes between police and Islamists, as the country awaited results of a constitutional referendum billed as an endorsement of president Mohamed Morsi's overthrow.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)(AP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 18, Egypt’s elections chief said voters have approved a new constitution by 98.1 percent.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 19, Deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi (Morsi) was ordered to stand trial for insulting the judiciary, alongside 24 others including liberal activists who opposed his Islamist rule but have also been critical of the new army-backed order.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 23, In Egypt clashes between rival students at a university in Alexandria killed at least one student. Masked gunmen riding on motorcycles opened fire at a police checkpoint in central Egypt, killing five policemen and wounding two.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 24, In Egypt a bomb planted on a road hit a convoy of security forces on a busy street in Cairo, killing one person in the fourth bombing in one day. A suicide car bomber blew himself up in the parking lot of a top security compound in central Cairo, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 1/24/14)(Reuters, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 25, In Egypt at least 49 people were killed during anti-government marches as thousands rallied in support of the army-led authorities on the third anniversary of the country's 2011. A helicopter crash in the Sinai Peninsula killed 5 Egyptian soldiers.
    (Reuters, 1/25/14)(AFP, 1/25/14)(AP, 1/26/14)
2014        Jan 25, In Egypt Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed (18), a high school student, was arrested at a checkpoint north of Cairo for wearing a T-shirt with a slogan against torture. He was released on March 25, 2016.
    (AP, 3/25/16)
2014        Jan 25, In Libya kidnappers seized Egypt's cultural attache and three other embassy staff in Tripoli, a day after another of its diplomats was abducted.
    (AFP, 1/25/14)

2014        Jan 26, In Egypt gunmen killed 3 soldiers in an attack on a bus in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 27, In Egypt the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces "unanimously delegated" army chief Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (el Sissi) to run in presidential elections during an hours-long meeting. The announcement was made shortly after interim Pres. Adely Mansour promoted him to field marshal.
    (AP, 1/27/14)
2014        Jan 27, In a coordinated swap, Egypt released a Libyan militia commander detained over suspected links to the Muslim Brotherhood while six abducted Egyptians, including two diplomats, were released in Libya.
    (AP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 28, In Egypt gunmen on a motorbike killed General Mohamed Saeed, head of the technical office of the minister of interior, outside his home in Cairo.
    (AP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan 29, Egypt's chief prosecutor referred 20 journalists from the Al-Jazeera TV network, including four foreigners, to trial on charges of allegedly joining or assisting a terrorist group and spreading false news that endangers national security.
    (AP, 1/29/14)

2014        Jan 30, Egyptian security forces arrested 11 Muslim Brotherhood members accused of running Facebook pages inciting violence against the police. An government air raid in the Sinai Peninsula hit militants linked to the Muslim Brotherhood of ousted president Mohamed Morsi. 7 militants were reported killed.
    (AP, 1/30/14)(AFP, 1/31/14)

2014        Jan 31, Egyptian military aircraft struck suspected positions of al-Qaida-inspired fighters overnight in villages of the Sinai Peninsula, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 1/31/14)

2014        Feb 3, Egyptian troops backed by helicopters raided suspected militants' hideouts in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 20 and wounding 25.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 4, Egypt's Health Ministry said swine flu has killed 24 people across the country over the past two months.
    (AP, 2/4/14)

2014        Feb 7, In Egypt six policemen were wounded in double bombing attack in Cairo, hours before clashes between police and Islamist protesters in several cities killed 3 people. Ajnad Misr, Arabic for Egypt's Soldiers, claimed responsibility for the bomb attack. Late day airstrikes targeted hideouts of "terrorist, extremely dangerous takfiri" militants in the eastern border town of Sheikh Zuweyid. 16 militants were reported killed.
    (AFP, 2/7/14)(AP, 2/8/14)

2014        Feb 9, Egypt's interior ministry said it has broken up a "military wing" of the Muslim Brotherhood, allegedly formed to attack policemen, in the most detailed accusation yet implicating the group in militant attacks.
    (AFP, 2/9/14)
2014        Feb 9, Egypt's Health Ministry said the number of people killed by swine flu in the country since December has reached 38.
    (AP, 2/9/14)

2014        Feb 14, In Egypt police and residents clashed with supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi leaving a man shot dead in Damietta and a child killed in Minya.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 16, In Egypt a suicide bomber on a tourist bus in the Sinai peninsula killed the Egyptian driver and 3 South Koreans. At least a dozen other tourists on the bus were wounded.
    (AP, 2/16/14)(AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Feb 18, Egyptian authorities charged two Israelis and two Egyptians with forming an espionage ring for Israel, the second such trial to be called for in a month.
    (AP, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 19, Egypt’s interim Pres. Adly Mansour ordered a pay raise for police after some of them joined factory workers, doctors and pharmacists increasingly on strike over the last month.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 20, In Egypt two Al-Jazeera journalists who went on trial with other colleagues shouted from the defendants' cage that they faced "psychologically unbearable" conditions in prison.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 22, An Egyptian court acquitted six police officers on charges of killing 83 protesters during the country's 2011 revolution, the latest in a string of trials that rights group say failed to hold the country's security forces accountable for demonstrators' deaths.
    (AP, 2/22/14)

2014        Feb 24, The military-installed government of Egyptian PM Hazem al-Beblawi said it has resigned, ahead of a presidential poll which will likely bring army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to power. Beblawi said his government would remain in a caretaker role until the interim president signs off on the resignations.
    (AFP, 2/24/14)

2014        Feb 25, Egypt's interim Pres. Adly Mansour named construction magnate Ibrahim Mehlib  to replace Hazem el-Beblaw. Mehlib had led Arab Contractors, Egypt's biggest construction company.
    (AP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 26, An Egyptian court convicted 26 people of forming a terrorist group to launch an attack on the country's vital Suez Canal waterway, with almost all receiving death sentences in absentia.
    (AP, 2/26/14)

2014        Feb 28, In Egypt gunmen killed a policeman who was on a security team guarding the home of a judge in the jailbreak trial of ousted president Mohamed Morsi. Sergeant Abdallah Metwally was shot dead as he rode his motorbike across a bridge over the Nile in the city of Mansoura.
    (AFP, 2/28/14)

2014        Mar 1, In Egypt the youngest son of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi was detained by police on suspicion of drug possession.
    (AP, 3/1/14)

2014        Mar 4, An Egyptian court ruled to ban activities of the Palestinian militant group Hamas in a move likely to fuel tension between Cairo's military-backed government and the Islamic group that rules the neighboring Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 9, Egypt's powerful military chief launched a housing initiative to build a million homes in cooperation with a major Emirati construction firm, the first campaign-style move by Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who is widely expected to run for president.
    (AP, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 11, Egyptian authorities decided to take control of independent mosques in a move aimed at curbing Islamist dissent. In January, the Religious Endowments Ministry decided to set a theme topic sent to preachers around the country for Friday sermons. In late 2013 the ministry dismissed 55,000 imams (prayer leaders) who did not graduate from Cairo's Al-Azhar University, the most prestigious institution in Sunni Islam.
    (AFP, 3/11/14)
2014        Mar 11, In Egypt Freij (aka Abu Abdullah), one of the founders of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis (Champions of Jerusalem), was killed when a bomb he was carrying was set off by a car accident.
    (AP, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 12, Egypt's military said it has destroyed 1,370 smuggling tunnels under its border with the Gaza Strip, as Cairo's ties remain sour with the Hamas movement that rules the Palestinian enclave.
    (AP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 13, Egypt brokered a ceasefire aimed at ending a flare-up of rocket attacks from Gaza on Israeli towns and Israeli air strikes in the Palestinian enclave.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)
2014        Mar 13, In Egypt an attack on an army bus killed one officer and wounded three others in Cairo. The army blamed the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, who in turn strongly condemned the attack.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)

2014        Mar 15, In Egypt gunmen shot dead six army officers near Cairo, the 2nd attack on Egyptian security forces in three days that the military has blamed on the Muslim Brotherhood of deposed Pres. Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 17, It was reported that Egypt’s crackdown on Islamists has jailed some 16,000 people over the last eight months.
    (SFC, 3/17/14, p.A4)
2014        Mar 17, Ten Egyptians, including a journalist working for a Muslim Brotherhood newspaper, were each sentenced to a year in jail for protesting against a constitutional referendum.
    (AP, 3/17/14)

2014        Mar 18, A Cairo court sentenced a police officer to 10 years in prison with labor in connection with the deaths of 37 Islamists last August. A legal source said the men had died from asphyxiation in the back of a crammed police van while they were being moved to a jail on the outskirts of Cairo.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Egypt the al-Qaida-inspired Ansar al-Shariah Brigades claimed it was behind the slayings of 26 Egyptian troops in what it describes as "the first phase of a campaign to punish traitors."
    (AP, 3/18/14)

2014        Mar 19, A raid by Egyptian police, military and special forces on a suspected bomb factory outside of Cairo turned into an hours-long gun battle with insurgents who detonated car bombs in clashes that killed two high-ranking officers and at least 6 militants. A boy (13) was shot dead in clashes in the south of the country between police and protesters supporting deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
    (AP, 3/19/14)(Reuters, 3/19/14)(SFC, 3/20/14, p.A5)

2014        Mar 20, In Egypt a Cairo court sentenced 17 al-Azhar students to 14 years in jail for rioting, damaging public properties and attacking security personnel.
    (AP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 21, Egypt's state news said Cairo University has expelled two dozen students for allegedly taking part in violent protests on campus earlier this week.
    (AP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 24, Egyptian judge Said Yusuf sentenced 529 members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to death for murder and other offences.
    (Reuters, 3/24/14)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.45)

2014        Mar 25, Egypt's leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie (70), and 682 others went on trial on charges including murder. Defence lawyers boycotted the court session, attended by 60 of the defendants, after complaining of irregularities. Reporters were barred from the courtroom.
    (Reuters, 3/25/14)
2014        Mar 25, The United Nations human rights office said an Egyptian court's decision to sentence 529 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death contravened international law.
    (Reuters, 3/25/14)

2014        Mar 26, In Egypt one person was killed near Cairo University when protesters supporting ousted President Mohamed Mursi clashed with security forces.
    (Reuters, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, Egypt’s Field Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ditched his military fatigues and resigned as Egypt's defense minister, a day after announcing he would run for president.
    (AFP, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 28, In Egypt Journalist Mayada Ashraf, from the privately owned Al-Dustour newspaper, was shot in the head as she covered clashes between police and supporters of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in the northern neighborhood of Ein Shams. 4 other people were killed including a Christian woman named Mary Sameh (26). Prosecutors the next day blamed five masked gunmen from the Muslim Brotherhood. A protester who attended the Ein Shams rally said it was the police who opened fire on the crowd as the demonstrators were about to disperse.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 29, An Egyptian court sentenced two supporters of former president Mohamed Mursi to death for murder during violence that broke out in Alexandria last year.
    (Reuters, 3/29/14)
2014        Mar 29, Egypt reopened the Gaza Strip's land border after a 50-day closure, but only for three days and then just for special cases.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 30, An Egyptian soldier was killed when militants attacked the bus he was driving in the town of Al-Arish in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 3/30/14)

2014        Mar 31, An Egyptian court in Alexandria sentenced 33 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to six years in prison each over clashes with opponents last December. Each defendant was also fined 50,000 Egyptian pounds (about $7,100).
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 1, In Egypt violent clashes erupted in Cairo and three other cities between police and university students loyal to the ousted Islamist president.
    (AP, 4/1/14)
2014        Apr 1, Wissam Tarif, a Lebanese national who works for Avaaz, an online activism network, arrived in Egypt in the morning and was deported in the evening. He had come to present officials with a petition bearing over a million signatures asking for the lifting of death sentences against 529 supporters of ousted Islamist Pres. Morsi.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 2, In Egypt a series of explosions outside Cairo University killed two people, including a police brigadier-general.
    (Reuters, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 5, In Egypt at least 23 people were killed in overnight clashes between rival families in the southern city of Aswan.
    (Reuters, 4/5/14)

2014        Apr 6, In southern Egypt clashes between an Arab clan and a Nubian family resumed in Aswan, killing 2 people and wounding four. The bloody feud began after a fight last week between school students drew in adults.
    (AP, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 7, An Egyptian court sentenced four men to up to eight years in prison for practicing homosexuality.
    (AFP, 4/7/14)
2014        Apr 7, Kuwait agreed to supply Egypt with 85,000 barrels of oil daily and 1.5 million tons of fuel for three years as part of a newly agreed commercial deal. The supplies would be valued at market prices and delivered by the end of 2016.
    (AFP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 9, Egypt state news said security forces have arrested a man who worked for Qatar's Al Jazeera television network and accused him of inciting and taking part in violence. Abdel Rahman Shaheen was described as a Muslim Brotherhood member.
    (Reuters, 4/9/14)

2014        Apr 11, Egyptian soldiers ambushed and killed Nour Hamdeen, a leader of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, an al-Qaida inspired group, as part of the government's ongoing campaign against terror groups in the Sinai Peninsula. Separately police were reported to have killed 2 gunmen who tried to set fire to a Nile Delta police station.
    (AP, 4/11/14)(SFC, 4/12/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 13, Egypt’s state news agency reported the arrest of Wael Ahmed Abdel Fattah, a veteran of the Syrian civil war, on suspicion of planning terrorist acts inside Egypt.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 15, An Egyptian court banned members of the Muslim Brotherhood, a movement listed as a "terrorist group", from running in upcoming elections.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 16, An Egyptian court sentenced 119 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood of former president Mohamed Mursi to three years each in prison in connection with protests last October 6 against his overthrow. Hazem Salah Abu-Ismail, an ultraconservative Islamist and ally of ousted President Morsi, was convicted of forging official documents to conceal that his mother was a US citizen, receiving a seven-year prison sentence.
    (Reuters, 4/16/14)(AP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 18, An Egyptian police officer was killed when a bomb targeting a traffic police kiosk in Cairo exploded.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 20, An Egyptian court sentenced people to more than three years in prison for violent protests in February in support of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. Gunmen killed a police captain and a conscript in a firefight on a desert road outside Cairo.
    (AFP, 4/20/14)(AP, 4/20/14)

2014        Apr 23, An Egyptian policeman and a militant were killed when security forces raided a hideout used by radical Islamists near Alexandria. Brig. Gen. Ahmed Zaki was killed near Cairo when a bomb blew up his car. Ajnad Misr (Egypt’s Soldiers), an Islamist militant group, soon claimed responsibility for the attack on Zaki
    (Reuters, 4/23/14)(SFC, 4/25/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 26, In Egypt hundreds of activists demonstrated in Cairo against an anti-protest law, one month before a presidential election which former army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is widely expected to win.
    (Reuters, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 26, In Egypt a 27-year-old civil engineer was diagnosed with MERS after returning from Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 27, An Egyptian court sentenced 42 supporters of deposed president Mohamed Morsi to prison terms ranging from three to 15 years on violence-related charges.
    (AFP, 4/27/14)

2014        Apr 28, In Egypt judge Said Yusuf (Youssef) sentenced to death 683 alleged supporters of the country's ousted Islamist president, including the Muslim Brotherhood's spiritual leader. The same judge also upheld the death penalty for 37 of 529 defendants sentenced in a similar case in March, though he commuted the rest of the sentences to life imprisonment. In October Youseff was removed from his criminal court to the civilian judiciary.
    (AP, 4/28/14)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.45)(SFC, 10/2/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 28, An Egyptian court banned “April 6," a pro-democracy movement that helped ignite the uprising that toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011, tightening a crackdown on dissent a month ahead of a presidential election the former army chief is expected to win.
    (Reuters, 4/28/14)

2014        Apr 29, An Egyptian court sentenced 29 people, described as Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi, to five years imprisonment on charges that included rioting.
    (SFC, 4/30/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 29, In Egypt Bassem Sabry (31), one of the country’s most respected bloggers who campaigned for civil rights and against repression, died. Security officials said Sabry accidently fell from a balcony under unclear circumstances.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        Apr, Egypt said it has dismissed 12,000 Muslim imams and licensed 17,000 more to make up the shortfall. All were required to give the same sermons on Fridays.
    (Econ, 8/2/14, p.38)

2014        May 2, In Egypt two suicide bombings in South Sinai killed a soldier and wounded at least seven people. Two Cairo bombings killed at least 5 people. In Alexandria two people were shot dead when supporters of deposed President Mohamed Mursi clashed with residents.
    (Reuters, 5/2/14)(SFC, 5/3/14, p.A2)

2014        May 3, An Egyptian court sentenced 102 Islamists to 10 years in prison for rioting as campaigning began for the country's upcoming May presidential election.
    (AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 6, An Egyptian court banned leaders of the country's former ruling party under ousted President Hosni Mubarak from running in any elections, a vague ruling that could bar former officials of that regime from returning to politics for the time being.
    (AP, 5/6/14)

2014        May 10, Egypt’s chief prosecutor charged 200 suspected militants, all members of al-Qaida-inspired Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, with carrying out the Dec 25, 2013, terrorist attacks that killed 15 civilians and of conspiring with Hamas.
    (SSFC, 5/11/14, p.A6)

2014        May 11, An Egyptian court sentenced 36 students of the prestigious Al-Azhar university to four years in prison each over violent protests backing ousted Pres. Morsi. Suspected militants attacked an army convoy in the Sinai Peninsula, killing one soldier and wounding another.
    (AFP, 5/11/14)(AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 14, Egypt’s army said fifteen tons of a material used to make explosives have been seized in a town straddling the Suez Canal, one of the biggest such hauls since the start of a campaign against Islamist militants in the nearby Sinai.
    (Reuters, 5/14/14)

2014        May 18, Egyptian courts in Cairo and Kafr el-Sheikh convicted 170 suspected supporters of toppled President Mohammed Morsi on charges over violent attacks last year.
    (AP, 5/18/14)

2014        May 19, In Egypt gunmen in a drive-by shooting killed 3 policemen and wounded nine during late night rally by Islamist students in Cairo.
    (AP, 5/20/14)

2014        May 21, In Egypt a criminal court convicted former Pres. Hosni Mubarak of diverting millions of dollars in public money for his personal use.
    (SFC, 5/22/14, p.A2)
2014        May 21, An Egyptian court sentenced 155 Muslim Brotherhood supporters to jail terms and gave 54 of them life sentences in a case related to violence in the Nile Delta province of Mansour last August.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)

2014        May 22, In Egypt about 150 activists held a protest in Alexandria to demand the release of rights lawyer Mahienoun el-Masry. Police beat protesters with batons and rifle butts and arrested 15 people to disperse a rally against a two-year prison sentence for el-Masry. The army carried out an operation that resulted in the killing of six "extremely dangerous criminal elements."
    (AP, 5/22/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)

2014        May 23, Egyptian security sources said Shadi al-Menei, an Islamist militant leader in the Sinai Peninsula, has been shot dead along with 5 others by unknown assailants. State news said a security officer was shot dead by unidentified gunmen at a security checkpoint in the North Sinai town of Rafah. In Fayoum, southwest of Cairo, one man was killed and three others wounded at clashes between security forces and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)

2014        May 24, An Egyptian court convicted 20 students from an Islamist university in Cairo on charges of rioting during a protest last year in support of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, sentencing most of them to five years in prison.
    (AP, 5/24/14)

2014        May 26, Egyptians voted in an election expected to install former army chief Abdel Fatah al-Sisi as president, with supporters brushing aside concerns about political freedom and hailing him as the strong leader the country needs. Turnout on the first day was only 15%.
    (AP, 5/26/14)(AP, 5/29/14)

2014        May 27, Egypt’s government and media harangued voters to go to the polls in the second day of the presidential election.
    (AP, 5/27/14)

2014        May 28, Egyptian authorities extended balloting for a third day as they scrambled to rescue the country's presidential election from the embarrassment of low voter turnout.
    (AP, 5/28/14)

2014        May 29, In Egypt with nearly all votes counted, retired field marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi won a crushing victory over his sole opponent in the country's presidential election with more than 92 percent of the votes. The interim president said turnout reached 46 percent.
    (AP, 5/29/14)

2014        May 30, Egypt's state media reported that interim president Adly Mansour has revoked amnesties for 52 people pardoned in 2012-13 by ousted president Mohamed Mursi, including Islamists affiliated with the banned Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 5/30/14)

2014        May 31, Egypt's outgoing interim President Adly Mansour issued a decree making dishonoring the Egyptian flag or not standing for the national anthem a criminal offense, punishable by sentences of up to one year in prison and a fine of more than $4,000.
    (AP, 5/31/14)
2014        May 31, In southwest Egypt smugglers killed 6 army border guards, including an officer, in a gunbattle in in the Wadi el-Gadid province.
    (AP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 1, Egypt's stock market witnessed a sharp plunge that forced a temporary suspension of trading after reports of a newly proposed government tax on capital gains which experts said was hardly explained to investors.
    (AP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 2, Egypt’s Fayoum Criminal Court sentenced 28 supporters of deposed Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to life sentences in absentia, and 15 others to three years in prison, over violence following the ouster of Morsi last July.
    (AP, 6/2/14)

2014        Jun 3, In Egypt sexual assaults on women took place during public celebrations of Pres. El-Sisi’s electoral victory. On Aug 7 a court sentenced two men to life in prison and a 3rd to 20 years on charges that included kidnapping, attempted rape, torture and attempted murder.
    (SFC, 8/8/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 5, Egypt’s outgoing Pres. Adly Mansour decreed sexual harassment a crime punishable by up to five years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 7, An Egyptian court sentenced 10 supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to death in absentia, but postponed sentencing of its leader and other senior members tried in the case. Those sentenced were convicted on charges including inciting violence and blocking a major road north of Cairo during protests after the army toppled Islamist President Mohamed Mursi last July. A Cairo appeals court canceled a prison sentence against a police officer convicted in connection with the deaths of 39 people last year during political violence.
    (Reuters, 6/7/14)

2014        Jun 8, Egypt's former army chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi was sworn in as president for a four-year term.
    (AP, 6/8/14)

2014        Jun 11, An Egyptian court convicted Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a prominent activist from the 2011 uprising, for demonstrating without permit and assaulting a policeman, sentencing him to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/11/14)

2014        Jun 12, An Egyptian court acquitted former Hosni Mubarak interior minister Habib al-Adly of corruption in a retrial after he had been sentenced to 12 years in 2011.
    (AFP, 6/12/14)

2014        Jun 13, In Egypt a policeman in Cairo's Maadi district was shot and killed from atop a nearby building while he broke up a pro-Brotherhood protest of about 50 people. Other small protests took place in the provinces of Sharqiya and Daqahliyah as well as in Assiut, south of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 14, Egyptian security forces confiscated copies of Wasla (Link), a human rights group's newsletter, saying the publication threatened the government.
    (AP, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 15, Egyptian security forces said they have seized the Zad chain of supermarkets owned by Khairat el-Shater and the Seoudi chain of Abdulrahman el-Seoud, two leading figures of the Muslim Brotherhood, as part of the government's crackdown against the banned organization.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 16, In Egypt clashes between security forces and Islamist supporters of deposed President Mohammed Morsi left one policeman dead in southern Cairo.
    (AP, 6/16/14)

2014        Jun 17, Egypt released Abdullah Elshamy (26), a jailed Al-Jazeera journalist, citing health conditions. Elshamy had been on a hunger strike for over four months to protest his prolonged detention without charges.
    (SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 18, An Egyptian court sentenced 12 supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to death on charges connected to the fatal shooting of a police general last year.
    (AFP, 6/18/14)

2014        Jun 20, In Egypt two people were killed in Cairo in clashes during demonstrations by supporters of ousted Islamist president Morsi.
    (AP, 6/20/14)

2014        Jun 21, An Egyptian court confirmed death sentences against Mohamed Badie, the leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, and 182 supporters, in a mass trial of Islamists who ruled Egypt for a year but face a fierce crackdown under the new president, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (Reuters, 6/21/14)

2014        Jun 23, An Egyptian court convicted three Al-Jazeera journalists, Australian Peter Greste, Canadian-Egyptian Mohamed Fahmy and Egyptian Baher Mohammed, and sentenced them to seven years in prison each on terrorism-related charges in a verdict that stunned their families and raised international outrage.
    (AP, 6/23/14)
2014        Jun 23, An Egyptian court sentenced to life in prison 24 Islamists for killing a taxi driver who had put in his car a picture of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the ex-army chief turned president.
    (AFP, 6/23/14)

2014        Jun 24, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said he will not interfere in court rulings, rebuffing calls from the United States and other Western governments that he pardon or commute the sentences of three Al-Jazeera journalists handed heavy prison terms a day earlier. El-Sissi also said he will donate half of his personal wealth and half of his salary to help the country's crippling economy, the improvement of which he said requires sacrifices from all Egyptians.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, An Egyptian court convicted Kerolos Ghattas (30), an Egyptian Christian, to six years imprisonment for blasphemy and contempt of religion. He was arrested earlier this month for posting pictures deemed insulting to Islam on his Facebook page.
    (AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jun 25, In Egypt eight people were hurt in northern Cairo when homemade explosive devices blew up at four metro stations and a courthouse.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Egypt education authorities overturned a post-revolutionary reform that allowed for deans and presidents of state universities to be elected.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.41)

2014        Jun 28, In Egypt two bombs exploded at a small telephone exchange on Cairo's outskirts, killing an 18-year-old woman.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)

2014        Jun 29, An Egyptian appeals court upheld a blasphemy conviction against Abdel-Nour, a Coptic Christian teacher, and sentenced her to six months in prison, overturning an earlier ruling that only imposed a fine.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jun 30, In Egypt 2 police officers were killed while trying to defuse makeshift bombs planted near Cairo's presidential palace close to the anniversary of the army's overthrow of an elected Islamist president. The militant group Ajnad Misr, or Soldiers of Egypt, claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)

2014        Jul 1, Egyptian police arrested four Islamist leaders who back Mohamed Morsi, two days ahead of protests their alliance has called to mark the first anniversary of his ouster.
    (AFP, 7/1/14)

2014        Jul 2, Egyptian police arrested four members of Islamist militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis (Partisans of Jerusalem) over bomb blasts near a presidential palace, although another group (Ajnad Misr or Soldiers of Egypt) claimed it had planted the explosives.
    (AFP, 7/2/14)

2014        Jul 3, In Egypt 2 men were killed in a bomb blast in Cairo, one of several explosions on the anniversary of the army's removal of Egypt's elected Islamist president Mohamed Mursi. Nearly 200 people were arrested and 3 killed in clashes between security forces and protesters.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)(Reuters, 7/4/14)(SFC, 7/4/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 4, In Egypt 3 people were believed killed in an explosion at a house south of Cairo used for making bombs.
    (Reuters, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 5, An Egyptian court sentenced Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie to life in prison for inciting violence that erupted after the army deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi last year. Some 36 other Brotherhood leaders and supporters were convicted for the same crime.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, Egypt's government drastically raised fuel prices to tackle a bloated subsidy system, in a potentially unpopular move that might blow back on newly elected President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)

2014        Jul 9, In Egypt a soldier was killed and four others wounded after an armored tank drove over an explosive device in Rafah, near the border with Israel.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 10, Egypt opened its Rafah border crossing to Gaza to receive wounded Palestinians as Israel pounded the enclave with air strikes.
    (AFP, 7/10/14)

2014        Jul 11, In Egypt clashes in Cairo between protesting supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi and local residents opposed to the Muslim Brotherhood left 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/12/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 12, Egyptian police said they have arrested a driver for raping a Russian tourist in a resort town. Cairo police said they have arrested a low-ranking officer who groped a Tunisian woman at Cairo airport.
    (AP, 7/12/14)

2014        Jul 13, In Egypt three small bombs exploded in a western Cairo suburb, targeting an electricity transmission pylon and cutting power to the area for nearly an hour.
    (AFP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 14, In Egypt a Cairo appeals court ruled that leaders of the former ruling party of ousted Pres. Mubarak will not be barred from running for elections.
    (SFC, 7/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 14, Israel agreed to an Egyptian truce plan, proposed late today. Under it, a 12-hour period of de-escalation was to begin at mid-morning July 15. Once both sides agree to halt hostilities, they would negotiate the terms of a longer-term truce.
    (AP, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 15, An Egyptian truce proposal for the conflict in Gaza quickly unraveled, after the Islamic militant Hamas rejected the plan. Gaza militants fired scores of rockets at Israel and Israel responded with more than a dozen air strikes. Aid agencies warned that hundreds of thousands of Gazans were without water after air strikes wrecked the water and sewage system. The whole strip was threatened with a water crisis. Local officials in Gaza said the death toll had risen to 192.
    (AP, 7/15/14)(Reuters, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 16, An Egyptian court sentenced seven men to life in prison over sexual assaults at Cairo's Tahrir Square, including during celebrations marking Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's presidential election victory last month.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)

2014        Jul 19, Egyptian soldiers in north Sinai prevented an aid convoy of activists from reaching the Rafah border crossing with the embattled Palestinian Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 19, In Egypt militants firing rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns attacked the El-Farafrah border security post, 630 km (390 miles) west of Cairo, killing 22 soldiers and wounding another four near the border with Libya.
    (AFP, 7/20/14)

2014        Jul 23, The Egyptian army reportedly killed 3 militants in their car during a raid in the Sinai region. Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis later said the militants were killed by an Israeli drone.
    (Reuters, 7/25/14)

2014        Jul 25, In Egypt 2 high-ranking police and army officers were shot dead by unknown assailants in the Sinai region near the border with Israel.
    (Reuters, 7/25/14)

 2014        Jul 26, Egyptian soldiers killed 12 suspected militants and arrested 11 others in the northern Sinai. An insurgent-fired rocket struck a house in the town of Sheikh Zuwayed, killing 3 civilians and wounding nine. Egypt's chief prosecutor charged 20 suspected militants of Ajnad Misr (Soldiers of Egypt) with carrying terrorist attacks that killed seven people and wounded more than 100. 26 suspected militants were killed in northern Sinai over the last two days.
    (AP, 7/26/14)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.A5)
2014        Jul 26, In Egypt 4 children were killed and five other people were injured when a rocket landed near their homes in Rafah, near the Sinai border with Gaza. Security sources said the rocket was likely fired by Islamist militants operating in the Sinai peninsula.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Libya 23 people, all Egyptian workers, were killed in the capital Tripoli when a rocket hit their home during clashes between rival militias battling over the city's main airport.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 27, Egypt's army said it has destroyed 13 more tunnels connecting the Sinai Peninsula to the Gaza Strip, taking to 1,639 the overall number it has laid waste to.
    (AFP, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 28, Egyptian troops killed 7 suspected militants and arrested five as part of an ongoing offensive in the volatile Sinai Peninsula. A girl (9) was killed when a rocket hit the ground outside a house in the town of Sheikh Zuwaid, northern Sinai.
    (AP, 7/29/14)(AFP, 7/28/14)

2014        Jul 31, Egypt told the Islamic Jihad it is delaying talks on a long-term Gaza ceasefire after Israel revealed one of its soldiers may have been captured.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)
2014        Jul 31, In Libya 2 Egyptians were killed when Libyan guards opened fire to disperse them as they tried to cross the border to Tunisia.
    (Reuters, 8/1/14)

2014        Aug 1, Tunisia closed its main border crossing with Libya after thousands of stranded Egyptian and foreign nationals, fleeing militias' fighting and violence in Libya, tried to break through the passage. Tunisian guards shot into the air and fired tear gas to stop a group of Egyptians from storming across the border.
    (AP, 8/2/14)(Reuters, 8/1/14)

2014        Aug 2, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said an Egyptian truce plan provides a "real chance" to end the Gaza conflict, stressing the need for its speedy implementation.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)

2014        Aug 3, Egyptian troops killed 11 militants in shoot-outs in the restive Sinai Peninsula where security forces have battled an insurgency since president Mohamed Morsi's overthrow.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 3, In Libya the exodus of foreigners gathered pace as the government said at least 22 people were killed in clashes in Tripoli and warned of a "worsening humanitarian situation." Thousands of Egyptians seeking to flee were being airlifted home after being allowed into neighboring Tunisia.
    (AFP, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 4, Egypt said it plans to build a new Suez Canal alongside the existing 145-year-old historic waterway in a multi-billion dollar project aimed at expanding trade along the fastest shipping route between Europe and Asia.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, Palestinian groups including envoys of Hamas and Islamic Jihad held their first formal meeting in Cairo with Egyptian mediators hoping to secure a durable ceasefire with Israel after more than three weeks of fighting. Israel declined to send its envoys.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)

2014        Aug 5, In Egypt militants attacked a police checkpoint in the Dhabaa area in the coastal province of Matrouh, killing 5 policemen and losing 4 of their own in the ensuing gunbattle.
    (AP, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 6, A Gaza truce was holding as Egyptian mediators pursued talks with Israeli and Palestinian representatives on an enduring end to a war that has devastated the Hamas Islamist- dominated enclave.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 10, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia discussed developments in Syria, Iraq, Gaza and Libya with Egypt’s Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, during Sisi's first visit to his regime's powerful ally since winning May elections.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 11, Egyptian authorities stopped the executive director of Human Rights Watch and another US staffer from entering the country ahead of the release of a critical report by the group on mass killings by security forces last summer.
    (AP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 12, Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for talks about Cairo's purchase of advanced surface-to-air missiles and membership in a Moscow-led free trade zone.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, The New-York based Human Rights Watch called for an international commission of inquiry into mass killings by Egyptian security forces last summer, saying they likely amount to crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/12/14)

2014        Aug 14, Egypt 4 Islamist protesters and a policeman were shot dead in Cairo, one year after government forces killed hundreds of demonstrators in the worst bloodshed in Egypt's recent history. 30 members of the Brotherhood were arrested for rioting.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)

2014        Aug 15, In Egypt 3 people were killed as supporters and opponents of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi clashed after Friday prayers.
    (AFP, 8/15/14)

2014        Aug 16, Egypt’s PM Ibrahim Mehlib blamed saboteurs for some 300 attacks on electricity pylons nationwide that have deepened the country’s energy shortage.
    (SSFC, 8/17/14, p.A4)

2014        Aug 18, In Egypt gunmen shot and killed a policeman on patrol and wounded another in the Nile Delta province of Gharbiya.
    (AP, 8/18/14)
2014        Aug 18, In Libya unidentified warplanes bombed militia positions in Tripoli. They were later identified as aircraft based in Egypt and flown by pilots from the UAE.
    (Reuters, 8/18/14)(Reuters, 8/19/14)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.44)

2014        Aug 20, In Egypt 4 beheaded corpses were found by residents of Sheikh Zuwaid in the Sinai Peninsula. Residents found the bodies two days after the men were abducted by gunmen while travelling in a car in the town. Security sources blamed Islamist militants waging an insurgency against Cairo. On Aug 28 Sinai-based Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis said the four men had been spying for Israel's Mossad spy agency.
    (Reuters, 8/20/14)(Reuters, 8/28/14)

2014        Aug 21, Egypt's Cairo airport and Tunisia cancelled most flights to and from Libya, days after the Libyan government said unidentified war planes had attacked positions of armed groups in Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)

2014        Aug 23, Egypt called on Israel and the Palestinians to halt fire and resume peace talks, but violence continued unabated with Israeli air strikes in the Gaza Strip and Hamas militants firing rockets at the Jewish state. The Israeli military said Palestinian gunmen had fired almost 500 rockets at Israel since the talks broke down and Gaza health officials said 65 Palestinians had been killed in Israeli air strikes since then.
    (Reuters, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 23, In Libya unidentified war planes attacked positions of an armed faction in Tripoli. They were later identified as aircraft based in Egypt and flown by pilots from the UAE. 15 fighters were reported killed and dozens wounded. Islamist fighters in the Fajr Libya (Libyan Dawn) coalition said they have captured Tripoli's battered international airport. Fighting erupted between renegade general Khalifa Haftar’s troops and allied army special forces with Islamists in two Benghazi suburbs, killing 8 soldiers and wounding 35. Egypt denied any air operations in Libya.
    (AP, 8/23/14)(AFP, 8/24/14)(Reuters, 8/24/14)(SFC, 8/25/14, p.A2)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.44)

2014        Aug 24, In Egypt Mahienour el-Masry, a secular activist sentenced for protesting, began a hunger strike. At least a dozen protesters and activists behind bars have started a hunger strike in the past week, including prominent blogger and activist Alaa Abdel-Fattah.
    (AP, 8/25/14)

2014        Aug 25, Egypt proposed a new ceasefire that would open key crossings into Gaza where violence reverberated with at least 8 Palestinians killed in Israeli air strikes.
    (AFP, 8/25/14)
2014        Aug 25, American officials confirmed that jets of the United Arab Emirates launched two attacks in seven days on the Islamists in Tripoli using bases in Egypt.
    (AFP, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 26, In Egypt two microbuses racing down a narrow rural road in near the ancient city of Luxor collided and plunged into a canal early, killing 18 passengers including 8 children.
    (AP, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 30, An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed Badie, general guide of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and seven others to life in prison for inciting violence during protests last year. Badie and 182 Muslim brotherhood supporters were sentenced to death in a mass trial last June over violence that erupted in Minya governorate which led to the killing of a police officer.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)

2014        Aug, In Egypt an American supervisor for Apache Oil was killed in an apparent carjacking in the Western Desert. On Nov 30 the militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis said it had killed William Henderson (58) and published pictures of his passport and two identification cards.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Sep 2, In Egypt 11 policemen were killed when a roadside bomb blast struck their armored vehicle in the restive Sinai Peninsula. Ansar Beit al-Maqdis (Partisans of Jerusalem), an Al-Qaeda-inspired group based in the Sinai, soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 9/2/14)(AP, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 3, An Egyptian policeman was shot dead and two colleagues wounded in attacks in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 6, Egypt charged ousted president Mohamed Mursi and nine others with endangering national security by leaking state secrets and sensitive documents to Qatar, furthering a state crackdown on his outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 9/6/14)
2014        Sep 6, Egypt’s top prosecutor ordered seven men detained and physically examined over accusations of “debauchery," after a video emerged of a same-sex wedding party. On Nov 1 eight men were convicted of “indecent dabauchery" following their appearance at the wedding party.
    (SSFC, 9/7/14, p.A8)(SSFC, 11/2/14, p.A3)

2014        Sep 7, Arab foreign ministers meeting in Cairo agreed to take the "necessary measures" and were prepared to cooperate internationally to confront Islamic State militants.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)

2014        Sep 9, An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed El-Beltagy, a leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and Safwat Hegazy, an Islamist cleric, to 20 years in prison for attempting to kill two policemen.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)

2014        Sep 14, Egypt’s Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said 7 jihadists were killed in a shootout in the Sinai peninsula during a joint operation by police and the army.
    (AFP, 9/14/14)
2014        Sep 14, The Egyptian coast guard arrested 157 migrants of different nationalities including Palestinians who had been planning to sail illegally in a rickety fishing boat from Egyptian shores to Italy.
    (AP, 9/14/14)

2014        Sep 15, An Egyptian court sentenced the Muslim Brotherhood's top official Mohamed Badie and 14 others to life in jail on charges of murder and inciting violence during a protest near Cairo last year. Prominent activist Alaa Abdel-Fattah was released on 5,000 Egyptian pounds ($714) bail along with two other activists. He faced retrial on a 15-year prison sentence for violating a draconian protest law.
    (Reuters, 9/15/14)(AP, 9/15/14)

2014        Sep 16, In southern Egypt a couple hundred Christian protesters clashed with police after holding a demonstration in front of a police station demanding authorities locate an abducted housewife.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Egypt a powerful explosion killed 5 police conscripts and an officer near the border town of Rafah in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 9/16/14)

2014        Sep 17, Alexander Fomin, the head of a Russian state arms agency, said Russia and Egypt have reached a preliminary deal for Cairo to buy arms worth $3.5 billion from Moscow.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)

2014        Sep 19, In Egypt the decapitated body of a man was found in a town in the Sinai Peninsula, the latest in a series of beheadings allegedly carried out by jihadists.
    (AFP, 9/19/14)

2014        Sep 21, In Cairo, Egypt, at least 2 policemen were killed when a bomb exploded near a checkpoint outside foreign ministry headquarters.
    (AFP, 9/21/14)

2014        Sep 22, In Egypt rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah began reconciliation talks in Cairo, one day ahead of negotiations with Israel on cementing the Aug. 26 truce that ended a 50-day war in Gaza.
    (AP, 9/22/14)

2014        Sep 23, Egyptian-mediated talks resumed in Cairo between Israel and the Palestinians on cementing a ceasefire in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 9/23/14)

2014        Sep 25, Egyptian courts sentenced nearly 100 people to prison for up to 25 years after finding them guilty of violence during protests in support of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 28, In Egypt an appeals court acquitted 112 people convicted of holding an illegal protest on the third anniversary of the 2011 revolt that toppled Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 9/28/14)

2014        Oct 2, Egypt's army killed Mohamed Abu Shatiya, a field commander in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, the country's most dangerous Islamist militant group, during clashes in the lawless north of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)

2014        Oct 5, An Egyptian jihadist group released a video showing the execution of 4 men, including three being beheaded, accused of spying for the army and for Israel's Mossad intelligence service.
    (AFP, 10/6/14)

2014        Oct 7, Egyptian military officials said troops have killed 16 members of an al-Qaida-inspired militant group in the restive Sinai Peninsula. Four leading members of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis were arrested during the operations.
    (AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 10, Egyptian security arrested 40 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo and Egypt's second city Alexandria during protests.
    (AP, 10/10/14)

2014        Oct 11, In Egypt a Cairo court convicted Mohammed el-Beltagy, a leading Muslim Brotherhood figure, and two other Islamists and sentenced them to 15 years in prison each on charges of torturing a man during the 2011 protests against then-President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 12, In Cairo, Egypt, US Sec. of State John Kerry presided over a conference on peace in the Middle East and announced an additional $212 million in US aid to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. Qatar said it would provide $1 billion in reconstruction assistance for Gaza, while fellow Gulf Arab states Kuwait and United Arab Emirates promised $200 million each. Germany also announced it would contribute 50 million euros ($63 million) to reconstruction efforts in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, Egyptian police backed by armored vehicles stormed the campuses of at least two prominent universities to quell anti-government protests by students.
    (AP, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 13, In southern Egypt 30 people died in a collision between three minibuses in Aswan province.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)

2014        Oct 16, In Egypt 3 police conscripts were killed in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 10/17/14)

2014        Oct 18, In Egypt at least 3 soldiers died when a smuggling tunnel on the border with the Gaza Strip collapsed on them as they were investigating it. The interior ministry said that security forces have arrested 52 suspected militants who operated in eight different cells with the aim of targeting Egypt's infrastructure.
    (AP, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 19, In Egypt 6 security force personnel were killed by a remotely detonated roadside bomb in the Sinai Peninsula as they patrolled a natural gas pipeline.
    (AP, 10/19/14)(Reuters, 10/24/14)

2014        Oct 24, In Egypt 30 soldiers were killed in the Sinai Peninsula by a car bomb that targeted two armored vehicles stopped at a checkpoint. Gunmen also shot dead an officer and wounded two soldiers on Friday at another checkpoint south of El-Arish
    (AP, 10/24/14)(AFP, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 25, Egypt imposed a state of emergency across much of the Sinai Peninsula after 30 soldiers were killed in a suicide car bombing a day earlier by suspected jihadists. Egypt also announced it would close the Rafah crossing into the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 26, An Egyptian court convicted 23 activists, including prominent rights campaigners, of staging an illegal demonstration and sentenced them each to three years in jail.
    (AP, 10/26/14)

2014        Oct 29, Hundreds of Egyptians living along the border with the Gaza Strip evacuated their homes, after the army ordered them out to make way for a planned buffer zone meant to stop militants and smugglers.
    (AP, 10/29/14)

2014        Oct, In Egypt the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) documented 300 cases of assault on children this month, including 27 boys and girls raped and 23 murdered, 13 of them by parents.
    (AFP, 12/13/14)

2014        Nov 5, In Egypt a bomb on a train killed 4 people including two policemen in Menufiya province. Blasts in the Cairo metro and near a presidential palace wounded several others.
    (AFP, 11/6/14)

2014        Nov 7, In Egypt at least 3 people were killed and eight wounded in separate incidents involving Islamist protesters and militants across the country.
    (Reuters, 11/7/14)

2014        Nov 10, Egypt-based Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, which has carried out a string of deadly attacks from its stronghold in the Sinai Peninsula, said it was pledging its loyalty to the self-declared IS "caliph", Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
    (AFP, 11/10/14)

2014        Nov 13, In Egypt Islamic militants set up roadblocks and killed five policemen and soldiers the restive northern Sinai Peninsula, where authorities have declared a state of emergency following a major attack that killed 31 troops last month.
    (AP, 11/13/14)

2014        Nov 17, Egypt’s state MENA news agency said a decision has been taken to increase the buffer zone along the border in Rafah to one km. This came after the discovery of underground tunnels with a total length of 800 to 1,000 meters.
    (Reuters, 11/17/14)
2014        Nov 17, In Egypt a woman (19) diagnosed with bird flu died, the second fatality from the H5N1 virus this year in the country.
    (AP, 11/17/14)

2014        Nov 18, In Egypt 7 civilians and 3 militants were killed in an exchange of fire between militants and the army in North Sinai.
    (SFC, 11/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Nov 20, An Egyptian court acquitted Dr. Raslan Fadl charged with committing female genital mutilation that led to a 13-year-old girl's death in a Nile Delta village. This was the country's first trial on charges of breaking the 2008 ban on the practice.
    (AP, 11/20/14)
2014        Nov 20, Egypt arrested Mohammed Ali Bishr, a leading Muslim Brotherhood member linked to a call for demonstrations at the end of the month. He had played a key role in negotiations between his now-banned group and the government.
    (AP, 11/20/14)

2014        Nov 25, In Egypt an apartment building in Cairo collapsed, killing at least 17 people as rescuers and neighbors frantically dug through rubble with their hands to find survivors. Neighbors said the seven-story building had several floors illegally added onto it.
    (AP, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 26, Egypt opened the Rafah border crossing for the first time in a month to allow thousands of stranded Palestinians to return to the Gaza Strip. The frontier remained closed in the other direction.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)

2014        Nov 28, Egyptian security forces quickly put down scattered protests as an attempt by Islamists to hold the first major anti-government rallies in months fizzled, with at least two protesters and three army and navy officers killed in separate incidents.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Nov 29, An Egyptian court dropped its case against former Pres. Hosni Mubarak (86) over the killing of protesters in the 2011 uprising that ended his 30-year rule and symbolized hopes for a new era of political openness and accountability. Two people were killed and nine were wounded, when security forces fired tear gas and birdshot to disperse about 1,000 protesters who attempted to enter Tahrir Square.
    (Reuters, 11/29/14)(Reuters, 11/30/14)

2014        Nov 30, Protests erupted at universities across Egypt, condemning a court decision to drop criminal charges against Hosni Mubarak, the president whose ouster in the 2011 uprising raised hopes of a new era of political openness.
    (AP, 11/30/14)

2014        Dec 7, Egyptian security forces raided a bath house and arrested 25 men for homosexuality, dragging them naked out of the building in downtown Cairo.
    (AP, 12/8/14)

2014        Dec 9, Egyptian pro-democracy activist Ahmed Douma was sentenced to three years in jail after he accused the judge of bias and denounced his trial on charges of violence against the state as political.
    (Reuters, 12/9/14)

2014        Dec 13, An Egyptian official said Egypt’s top prosecutor has referred over 400 suspected Islamists to military tribunals for last year’s acts of violence and killings of policemen.
    (SSFC, 12/14/14, p.A6)

2014        Dec 14, Egypt's stock market plunged by 22 billion Egyptian pounds (just over $3 billion) in a single day of trading as low oil prices dragged down regional economies.
    (AP, 12/14/14)
2014        Dec 14, In Egypt gunmen killed 2 policemen in a drive-by shooting in El-Arish the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 12/14/14)
2014        Dec 14, An Egyptian fishing boat crashed into a container ship in the Gulf of Suez, killing 13 fishermen. The captain and first officer of the Kuwaiti container ship were soon detained.
    (AP, 12/14/14)(Reuters, 12/16/14)

2014        Dec 18, An Egyptian court sentenced 40 backers of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to up to 15 years in jail for violence including torching churches.
    (AFP, 12/18/14)

2014        Dec 21, Egypt opened the Rafah border crossing for incoming passengers from the Gaza Strip for the first time in almost two months. Rafah would open for two days to allow Gazans with serious illnesses to travel to Egypt and beyond for treatment and to allow foreign nationals and students to travel.
    (Reuters, 12/21/14)
2014        Dec 21, Egyptian state media reported that a court has jailed Mohamed Ali Abdel Baki, a Suez Canal shipping services manager, for 10 years on charges of spying for Israel about naval movements through the strategic waterway.
    (AFP, 12/21/14)

2014        Dec 25, In Egypt a roadside bomb explosion struck an army vehicle in the volatile Sinai Peninsula, killing an army captain and a soldier.
    (AP, 12/26/14)

2014        Dec 27, In Egypt gunmen on a motorbike killed a policeman and wounded another in a drive-by shooting in Cairo.
    (AFP, 12/27/14)
2014        Dec 27, An Egyptian appeals court reduced the sentences of eight men convicted on charges of "inciting debauchery" for taking part in an alleged same-sex wedding party from three years to one year in prison.
    (AP, 12/27/14)

2014        Dec 28, Egypt said it has banned Ridley Scott's biblical epic "Exodus: Gods & Kings" because the Hollywood blockbuster distorts Egypt's history and presents a "racist" image of Jews.
    (AP, 12/28/14)
2014        Dec 28, An Egyptian appeals court upheld the conviction of 23 activists, including prominent rights defender Sanaa Seif, for staging an illegal protest, but reduced their sentences from three years to two.
    (AP, 12/28/14)

2015        Jan 1, Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi addressed Muslim clerics in a televised speech at an Al-Azhar conference center in Cairo and called on them to promote a reading of Islamic text in an enlightened manner and to reconsider concepts that have been made sacred over hundreds of years.
    (SFC, 1/9/15, p.A3)(Reuters, 5/31/15)
2015        Jan 1, Defense lawyers said Egypt's highest court has ordered a retrial of three jailed journalists working for Al Jazeera television, citing procedural flaws in last year's trial.
    (Reuters, 1/1/15)

2015        Jan 2, Egyptian troops opened fire on six Gazans who had illegally crossed into the Egyptian Sinai, where the army has created a buffer zone to prevent the movement of militants. Ashraf al-Qudra (17) was killed.
    (AFP, 1/3/15)

2015        Jan 6, In Egypt gunmen opened fire and killed two policemen guarding a Coptic church south of Cairo.
    (AP, 1/6/15)

2015        Jan 8, Egypt’s military said the army is doubling the size of a buffer zone along the border with the Gaza Strip, an operation that will involve the destruction of 1,220 more homes and the eviction of residents.
    (AP, 1/8/15)

2015        Jan 11, In Egypt a police captain was snatched from a taxi by gunmen as he headed to work at the Rafah border crossing with the Gaza Strip. On Jan 13 the officer was found shot dead near the village of el-Muqatta, near the Gaza border. The military said it killed 10 militants in clashes during the search for the kidnapped captain.
    (AP, 1/13/15)(AFP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 12, An Egyptian court acquitted 26 men accused of "debauchery" after their night-time arrest last September from a Cairo bathhouse for suspected homosexual activity.
    (AFP, 1/12/15)

2015        Jan 13, An Egyptian appeals court overturned a three-year prison sentence against ousted strongman Hosni Mubarak on corruption charges and ordered a retrial in the sole case pending against him.
    (AFP, 1/13/15)
2015        Jan 13, Britain launched a trade mission to Egypt with more than 40 companies received in Cairo, the largest such effort in over a decade by the top foreign investor in the Arab world's most populous country.
    (AP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 17, In Egypt actress Faten Hamama (b.1931), a pillar of Middle Eastern cinema, died after a career that spanned seven decades and graced the golden age of Egyptian filmmaking. Her 1975 film "I Want a Solution" gave a scathing critique of divorce and marriage laws in Egypt, while 1965's "The Sin" focused on the oppression of struggling peasants.
    (AP, 1/18/15)

2015        Jan 22, An Egyptian court ordered the release of ousted president Hosni Mubarak's two sons pending their retrial on corruption charges.
    (AFP, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 23, An Egyptian student was killed during clashes between Muslim Brotherhood protesters and local residents in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
    (Reuters, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 24, Egyptian judicial sources said a court has ordered a retrial for 37 Muslim Brotherhood members sentenced to death and 115 others sentenced to life in a mass trial last March. Female protester Shaimaa el-Sabagh was fatally shot by police in Cairo. Officer Yassin Hatem Salah Eddin (25) was later convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison. In 2016 Egypt's highest appeals court overturned the conviction and ordered a new trial for Eddin.
    (Reuters, 1/24/15)(SSFC, 1/25/15, p.A8)    (AP, 2/14/16)

2015        Jan 25, In Egypt clashes between police and Islamist protesters in an eastern Cairo district left 9 demonstrators dead. Another protester was killed in clashes in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria. 2 suspected Islamists were killed in the Nile Delta province of Beheira when an explosive device they were planting under a high-voltage tower exploded. Police arrested 516 supporters of the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood during violence that erupted as the country marked the fourth anniversary of its January 25 uprising. Shaimaa Sabbagh (32) was shot. A photograph of her bleeding to death went viral and caused an international outcry. On March 17 a police officer was charged over her shooting.
    (AP, 1/25/15)(AFP, 1/26/15)(Reuters, 3/17/15)

2015        Jan 26, An Egyptian appeals court convicted a doctor of manslaughter and performing female genital mutilation that led to the death of a 13-year-old girl, sentencing him to two years and three months in prison in the country's first case that came to trial over the widespread practice. Dr. Raslan Fadl was initially acquitted of the 2013 death of Sohair el-Batea.
    (AP, 1/26/15)

2015        Jan 27, Egypt's highest appeal court upheld convictions and three-year prison sentences prominent activists Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Douma and Mohammed Adel, for violating the country's draconian law on protests.
    (AP, 1/27/15)

2015        Jan 29, In Egypt a group of women protested in Cairo against the death of Shaimaa Sabbagh (22) and around 25 other activists allegedly killed by security forces at recent rallies marking the 4th anniversary of Egypt's 2011 uprising.
    (Reuters, 1/29/15)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.40)
2015        Jan 29, In Egypt at least 30 soldiers and police officers were killed in four separate attacks in the Sinai Peninsula. Most of the casualties occurred in the bombing of a military hotel and base in al-Arish. Two children, one of them 6 months old, died a day later from wounds suffered.
    (Reuters, 1/30/15)

2015        Jan 30, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi cut short a visit to Ethiopia for an African Union summit after the Islamic State's Egyptian wing claimed the killing of at least 30 soldiers and police officers in the Sinai Peninsula. An interior ministry employee was killed in North Sinai.
    (Reuters, 1/30/15)(AFP, 1/31/15)

2015        Jan 31, An Egyptian court banned the armed wing of Palestinian group Hamas and listed it as a terrorist organization, a ruling in keeping with a systematic crackdown on Islamists by Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (Reuters, 1/31/15)

2015        Feb 1, Egypt deported Al-Jazeera reporter Peter Greste to his native Australia after holding him for more than 400 days despite global condemnation. Colleagues, Canadian-Egyptian Mohamed Fahmy and an Egyptian producer, Baher Mohamed, remained in prison.
    (AFP, 2/1/15)
2015        Feb 1, In Egypt three men were killed by police in separate incidents under circumstances indicating abuse of police authority.
    (SFC, 3/7/15, p.A3)

2015        Feb 2, An Egyptian court sentenced 183 supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to death. The men were convicted of playing a role in the killings of 16 policemen in the town of Kardasa in August, 2013. In 2016 an appeals court ordered a retrial for the defendants over the attack.
    (Reuters, 2/2/15)(AFP, 2/3/16)

2015        Feb 3, In Egypt a roadside bomb near Alexandria killed a bystander and injured two others. Authorities defused two more explosives at Cairo International Airport.
    (AP, 2/3/15)

2015        Feb 4, An Egyptian court sentenced 230 people, including one of the leading activists behind the country's 2011 uprising, to life in prison after finding them guilty of taking part in clashes between protesters and security forces later that year. All were tried in absentia except Ahmed Douma, a secular activist who is already serving a three-year-sentence for breaking a draconian law regulating protests. Thirty other people, all minors, were sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 6, Egyptian military air strikes killed 27 Islamic militants in the Northern Sinai in one of the biggest security operations in the region in months.
    (Reuters, 2/6/15)
2015        Feb 6, Hundreds of Palestinians demonstrated outside Egypt's diplomatic mission in Gaza City, to protest a Cairo court ruling designating Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, as a terrorist group.
    (AFP, 2/6/15)

2015        Feb 7, An alleged audiotape aired on a Brotherhood-allied TV station  in which Egypt’s Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and a top aide purportedly banter about how rich Persian Gulf Arabs are and add up the billions they intend to seek. Financial help, estimated at some $32 billion, has helped keep Egypt afloat after years of instability. On Feb 9 el-Sissi called leaders of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE, praising their wisdom and saying relations won’t be undermined by “nefarious attempts" to do so.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lyprfja)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.A2)
2015        Feb 7, In Egypt 3 policemen were shot dead and two others injured when they came under fire while conducting a raid against a group of criminals near the southern city of Minya.
    (AP, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 8, In Egypt 22 soccer fans died of suffocation from tear gas and a stampede outside a Cairo stadium in a melee with security forces. Authorities said it was sparked when hard-core Zamalek fans known as Ultras White Knights tried to force their way into the stadium without tickets. The violence prompted the Cabinet to suspend the national football league indefinitely. Police arrested 21 soccer fans in the wake of the stampede.
    (AP, 2/9/15)(AP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 10, Egypt's Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said Egypt and Russia have agreed to build a nuclear power plant together. El-Sissi also said the two nations signed agreements to improve natural gas business and investment. They also agreed to create a Russian industrial zone along the Suez Canal. This came during a joint press conference in Cairo with visiting Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 2/10/15)
2015        Feb 10, In Egypt five bombs exploded outside police stations in Egypt's second city of Alexandria, wounding 10 civilians.
    (AFP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 11, Egypt's highest appeals court overturned death sentences for 36 members of the Muslim Brotherhood, which the government has labelled a terrorist group, and ordered a retrial. The case stemmed from an August 2013 attack on a police station in the southern town of el-Adwa when a police officer and a civilian were killed.
    (AP, 2/11/15)

2015        Feb 12, An Egyptian judge ordered the release on bail of Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohammed, a pair of Al-Jazeera English journalists being retried on terror-related charges. Also being freed on bail are 11 other defendants in the case, mostly students charged with involvement with the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 2/12/15)
2015        Feb 12, France and Egypt agreed a deal worth more than 5 billion euros ($5.7 billion) for the sale of Dassault Aviation-built Rafale fighter jets, a naval frigate and missiles.
    (Reuters, 2/12/15)

2015        Feb 13, In Egypt a roadside bomb in Cairo killed a police captain and wounded eight other people. Egyptian warplanes killed 8 suspected Islamist militants in Rafah, Sinai.
    (Reuters, 2/13/15)

2015        Feb 15, In Egypt gunmen opened fire on a traffic police patrol in the Nile Delta town of Benha, killing one policeman and wounding three others.
    (AP, 2/15/15)
2015        Feb 15, Islamic State militants in Libya released a video showing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians. The 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians, who had gone to Libya in search of work, were marched to a beach, forced to kneel and then beheaded on video. On October 6, 2017, the remains of 21 Coptic Christians were unearthed from a mass grave south of the one-time jihadist bastion of Sirte.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)(AFP, 10/7/17)

2015        Feb 16, Egyptian jets bombed Islamic State targets in Libya, a day after the group there released a video showing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians. 40 to 50 militants were reported killed along with 7 civilians.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.44)

2015        Feb 21, An Egyptian court acquitted former oil minister Sameh Fahmi, as well as five other officials, in a retrial after a 2012 conviction for selling Israel natural gas at below market price. They had served under ex-strongman Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 2/21/15)

2015        Feb 23, An Egyptian court sentenced prominent activist Alaa Abdel Fattah to five years in jail for violating limits on demonstrations, part of one of the toughest crackdowns on dissent in Egypt's history.
    (Reuters, 2/23/15)

2015        Feb 24, It was reported that Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has issued a law that broadens the state's definition of terrorism to include anyone who threatens public order "by any means," and gives authorities powers to draw up lists of alleged terrorists with little judicial recourse. The legislation was signed in the form of a decree last week and was distributed to reporters today.
    (AP, 2/24/15)
2015        Feb 24, In Egypt a court in Cairo cleared Habib el-Adly, the former interior minister of former Pres. Hosni Mubarak, of the last of several criminal charges that have kept him behind bars.
    (SFC, 2/25/15, p.A2)

2015        Feb 26, In Egypt six small bombs exploded in the Giza district across the Nile from Cairo killing one person and wounding ten others.
    (SFC, 2/27/15, p.A2)
2015        Feb 26, Egyptian police arrested three men suspected of torturing and killing a chained dog with knives, after horrific footage of the incident sparked outrage in the country. On March 11 a court convicted four men over the grisly killing and sentenced them to three years in prison.
    (AFP, 2/26/15)(AP, 3/11/15)

2015        Feb 27, An Egyptian senior army officer was killed and another was injured when a cross-border smuggling tunnel with the Gaza Strip collapsed after troops in Rafah went into it to investigate.
    (AP, 2/27/15)

2015        Feb 28, An Egyptian court listed the Palestinian group Hamas as a terrorist organization. Another court sentenced the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood's top leader Mohamed Badie and 13 others to life in prison while four members received the death penalty. Two of those sentenced to death and three sentenced to life were tried in absentia.
    (Reuters, 2/28/15)

2015        Mar 1, Egypt's army said at least 172 militants were killed in February in joint police and military operations in the restive Sinai.
    (AFP, 3/1/15)

2015        Mar 2, In Egypt an explosion in Cairo near the High Court killed 2 people.
    (SSFC, 3/8/15, p.A4)

2015        Mar 3, In Egypt five improvised bombs exploded in Cairo's Matariya district in an apparent targeting of Vodafone and Mobinil mobile-phone stores.
    (SSFC, 3/8/15, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/n2vdh5r)

2015        Mar 7, Egypt Interior Ministry said that Mahmoud Ramadan was executed after being convicted of murder. He was said to be behind the deaths of a young man and a child who were thrown off a roof on July 5, 2013, two days following the ouster of Pres. Morsi.
    (AP, 3/7/15)

2015        Mar 8, In Egypt two bombs exploded in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria, one outside a popular supermarket chain and another near a police station, killing one person and wounding at least 9.
    (AP, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 9, Egypt temporarily opened a crossing with the Gaza Strip, allowing students, patients seeking medical care and dual nationals to leave the territory for the first time in nearly two months.
    (AP, 3/9/15)
2015        Mar 9, In Egypt a roadside bomb killed 3 soldiers in the Sinai peninsula.
    (AP, 3/9/15)

2015        Mar 10, In Egypt a suicide bomber and roadside explosives targeting police and military in the northeastern Sinai Peninsula killed 2 and wounded 46. In a city south of Cairo, 2 suspected militants died when a bomb they were carrying on a motorbike exploded.
    (AP, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 13, Egypt opened an int’l. conference to promote an ambitious recovery plan. Kuwait, the UAE and Saudi Arabia all promised investments and aid of $4 billion each.
    (SFC, 3/14/15, p.A2)
2015        Mar 13, Egypt's government announced plans to build a new capital adjacent to Cairo, in a massive new project that in its first phase would cost $45 billion and take up to seven years to complete.
    (AP, 3/13/15)

2015        Mar 14, An Egyptian disciplinary court ordered 41 judges into compulsory retirement for supporting the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 3/14/15)
2015        Mar 14, In Egypt a garbage collector and his donkey were killed in a bomb explosion in a Cairo district.
    (AP, 3/15/15)
2015        Mar 14, Germany’s Siemens AG signed $10.5 billion deal with Egypt to build power plants to boost the country’s electricity generating capacity by up to a third.
    (SSFC, 3/15/15, p.A4)

2015        Mar 19, An Egyptian court acquitted Habib al-Adly, the former interior minister of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, in the last corruption case he was facing.
    (AFP, 3/19/15)

2015        Mar 21, In Egypt at least 12 workers were killed when their bus plunged into a canal west of Cairo.
    (AP, 3/21/15)

2015        Mar 24, The leaders of Egypt and Ethiopia promised to boost cooperation on the Nile river and turn a page on a long-running row over Addis Ababa's controversial dam project.
    (AFP, 3/24/15)

2015        Mar 26, Warplanes from a Saudi-led Arab coalition bombed Huthi Shiite rebels in support of Yemen's embattled president, as regional rival Iran warned the intervention was a "dangerous" move. Egypt participated in the Saudi-led campaign against Shi'ite Houthis militias in Yemen with its naval and air forces. The US military rescued two Saudi pilots who ejected from their jet off Yemen's coast.
    (AFP, 3/26/15)(Reuters, 3/26/15)(AFP, 3/27/15)

2015        Mar 27, Egyptian and Saudi Arabian warships deployed to the Bab al-Mandab strait off Yemen to secure the strategic sea passage.
    (SFC, 3/28/15, p.A3)

2015        Mar 28, In Egypt a bomb wounded four civilians and four policemen outside Cairo University.
    (AFP, 3/28/15)

2015        Mar 29, Egypt's top prosecutor named 18 Muslim Brotherhood members, including the group's leader and his deputy, as terrorists in the first implementation of an anti-terror law passed earlier this year.
    (AP, 3/29/15)
2015        Mar 29, Arab leaders meeting in Egypt agreed to form a joint military force after a summit dominated by a Saudi-led offensive on Shiite rebels in Yemen and the threat from Islamist extremism.
    (AFP, 3/29/15)
2015        Mar 29, In Egypt 14 people were killed and seven injured in a car crash involving three vehicles in the southern province of Sohag.
    (AP, 3/30/15)

2015        Mar 31, Pres. Obama removed his holds on the delivery of F-16 aircraft, Harpoon missiles and M1A1 tanks kits to Egypt and assured Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi that he would continue to support $1.3 billion in annual military assistance.
    (SFC, 4/1/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 1, Egypt's Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi welcomed the restoration of US military aid, a victory in his quest to eliminate some of the last international penalties on his government following his 2013 overthrow of the country's elected Islamist president.
    (AP, 4/1/15)
2015        Apr 1, Amnesty Int’l. released its latest annual report on the death penalty. It said Egypt and Nigeria had accounted for over 1,000 of the 2,466 death sentences in 55 countries reported last year.
    (SFC, 4/3/15, p.A3)( http://tinyurl.com/k4kowoz)

2015        Apr 2, Jihadists in Egypt's Sinai killed 15 soldiers and 3 civilians in attacks on five checkpoints. Military sources said 15 militants also died in an exchange of fire but the toll could not be verified by medics. The Islamic State's branch in Egypt soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 4/2/15)(AP, 4/3/15)

2015        Apr 5, In Egypt a bomb blast on a bridge leading to an upscale neighborhood in central Cairo killed a policeman and wounded at least two passers-by. The group Ajnad Misr claimed responsibility. Security forces said Hamam Mohamed Attia, the founder and leader of Ajnad Misr, was killed by security forces early today.
    (AP, 4/5/15)(Reuters, 4/5/15)

2015        Apr 11, An Egyptian criminal court sentenced Mohammed Soltan (27), a dual US-Egyptian citizen on a months-long hunger strike, to life in prison on charges of financing an anti-government sit-in and spreading false news. He was arrested in August 2013, when security forces came looking for his father at his house. They didn't find the father at the time, but arrested him instead. The court also sentenced Mohamed Badie, leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and 13 other senior members of the group to death for inciting chaos and violence, and gave a life term to a US-Egyptian citizen for ties to the Brotherhood.
    (AP, 4/11/15)    (Reuters, 4/12/15)
2015        Apr 11, Egyptian jihadists, who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group, posted a video online overnight appearing to show them shooting dead an Egyptian soldier and beheading another captive.
    (AFP, 4/11/15)

2015        Apr 12, In Egypt a roadside attack on an armored military vehicle in the town of Sheikh Zuweid North Sinai, killed six soldiers and wounded two others. Hours later a suicide truck bombing at a police station in El-Arish killed 8 people.
    (Reuters, 4/12/15)(AFP, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 13, In Egypt separate militant attacks in the Sinai Peninsula killed one soldier and wounded another.
    (AFP, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 15, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court jailed deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi's former chief of staff for three years after he was convicted of abusing his powers. Refaa al-Tahtawi had been charged with hiring someone banned from public service. An official said a roadside bomb has exploded in a Nile Delta city, killing two Military Academy students and wounding five other people.
    (AFP, 4/15/15)(AP, 4/15/15)

2015        Apr 19, An Egyptian court sentenced 11 football fans to death after a retrial over a February 2012 stadium riot in Port Said that left 74 people dead. An appeals court had ordered the retrial of 73 defendants in February last year after rejecting a lower court verdict sentencing 21 people to death for being involved in the incident.
    (AFP, 4/19/15)

2015        Apr 20, An Egyptian court sentenced 22 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death over an attack on a police station in a district outside Cairo in 2013.
    (Reuters, 4/20/15)

2015        Apr 21, In Egypt Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Mursi was sentenced to 20 years in prison without parole on charges arising from the killing of protesters, nearly three years after he became the country’s first freely elected president. 12 other Brotherhood members were also sentenced to 20 years on charges of violence, kidnapping and torture stemming from the killing of protesters in 2012.
    (Reuters, 4/21/15)

2015        Apr 24, In Egypt 4 Islamists were killed in an accidental explosion while preparing bombs on a farm in the province of Beni Suef south of Cairo.
    (AFP, 4/25/15)

2015        Apr 29, An Egyptian court jailed 69 Islamists for life for torching a church near Cairo in August 2013, as anger flared over a crackdown on supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 4/29/15)
2015        Apr 29, The leaders of Cyprus, Egypt and Greece agreed to step up cooperation on combatting terrorism amid fears that worsening security conditions in neighboring countries such as Libya could threaten the region.
    (AP, 4/29/15)

2015        Apr 30, Spain's King Felipe VI hosted Egypt’s Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for lunch in Madrid after the interior ministers from both nations signed an agreement to boost cooperation against illegal immigration, terrorism and organized crime.
    (AFP, 4/30/15)

2015        Apr, In Egypt a Bedouin woman (32) was kidnapped from her single-storey, stone house in the Sinai village of al-Taweela. The kidnappers had identified themselves as Sinai Province, the most lethal Islamist group in Egypt. The following day villagers found the woman's body nearby with two gunshots in the head and a cut through her neck. She had been raped and a note found with the body said the woman had been killed because she had cooperated with the Egyptian army.
    (Reuters, 7/15/15)

2015        May 4, An Egyptian court sentenced to death five men convicted of killing 13 policemen in a town near Cairo during a deadly security crackdown on ousted president Mohamed Morsi's supporters on August 14, 2013.
    (AFP, 5/4/15)

2015        May 6, The Egyptian military shot dead 3 Palestinian gunmen who infiltrated through a smuggling tunnel in the Sinai town of Rafah. One policeman was killed and five others wounded in clashes with supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in a Nile Delta city.
    (AFP, 5/6/15)

2015        May 9, An Egyptian court sentenced former president Hosni Mubarak and his two sons to three years in jail without parole in the retrial of a corruption case. 3 policemen and a retired officer were shot dead by gunmen in separate incidents in the Sinai peninsula.
    (Reuters, 5/9/15)(AFP, 5/9/15)

2015        May 13, In Egypt 4 soldiers died when a bomb they were trying to diffuse exploded near Rafah. An anti-tank mine nearby killed 4 Bedouin tribesmen.
    (AP, 5/13/15)

2015        May 16, An Egyptian court sentenced former president Mohamed Morsi to death for his role in a mass jailbreak during the 2011 uprising that ousted former president Hosni Mubarak. Over 100 others were also sentenced to death. Gunmen killed two judges and a prosecutor in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 5/16/15)

2015        May 17, Egyptian authorities hanged 6 men convicted of killing soldiers, ignoring appeals to spare them amid allegations two of them had been in custody at the time of their alleged crimes in early 2014.
    (AFP, 5/17/15)

2015        May 18, Egyptian officials said gunmen on a motorbike shot dead a policeman in Belbeis and that two suspects in a failed bomb attack targeting a judge were killed in a shoot-out with police in a Cairo suburb.
    (AFP, 5/18/15)

2015        May 19, Egyptian security police killed engineering student Islam Ateto. A preliminary forensic report later showed Ateto died from five gunshot wounds. Security officials insisted Ateto was an Islamic militant belonging to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group and was wanted over the killing of a police officer last month.
    (AP, 5/26/15)
2015        May 19, The Paris-based International Federation of Human Rights released a report that accused the "Egyptian police, National Security Intelligence officers and the military" of abusing detainees with "sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, rape with objects, electrocution of genitalia, sex-based defamation and blackmail".
    (AFP, 5/19/15)

2015        May 25, In Egypt fighting near the northern Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweyid pitted troops against Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, militants who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group last year. One conscript was killed and one officer wounded.
    (AP, 5/25/15)
2015        May 25, Five African migrants drowned after jumping into the Mediterranean as Egyptian coastguards raided a boat heading towards Italy.
    (AFP, 5/25/15)

2015        May 26, Egypt reopened its Rafah border crossing with Gaza for two days.
    (AFP, 5/26/15)

2015        May 29, In Egypt 16 people were killed, all but three of them policemen, in a collision between a police vehicle and a truck south of Cairo.
    (AFP, 5/30/15)

2015        May 30, Egyptian authorities freed Mohammed Soltan, an Egyptian-American, forcing him to renounce his Egyptian citizenship as a precondition of his release. He had been convicted on charges of financing an anti-government sit-in and sentenced to life in prison. Soltan (27) was on hunger strike for over a year.
    (AP, 5/30/15)

2015        May 31, In Egypt suspected Islamic militants blew up a natural gas pipeline outside el-Arish, the provincial capital of North Sinai.
    (AP, 5/31/15)

2015        May, Tramadol, an opioid described as a painkiller was reported to be Egypt’s favorite drug. Its price had recendtly risen from .15-.30 cents to $1-$3 per pill.
    (Econ., 4/18/15, p.43)

2015        Jun 6, An Egyptian court quashed a February decision by another tribunal branding the Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas a "terrorist" group.
    (AFP, 6/6/15)

2015        Jun 8, In Egypt two militant attacks in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula have killed one soldier and wounded four.
    (AP, 6/8/15)

2015        Jun 9, Egypt, the Arab world's most populous country, said it aims to reduce the country's surging fertility rate to 2.4 over the next 15 years, from its current rate of 3.5.
    (AP, 6/9/15)

2015        Jun 10, In Egypt a suicide bomber blew himself up just steps away from the ancient Egyptian temple of Karnak in Luxor. Security at Karnak thwarted what would have been a worse attack, by preventing the suicide bomber from entering the temple complex and battling two gunmen who were with him, killing one and capturing the other.
    (AP, 6/10/15)
2015        Jun 10, African leaders meeting at Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, signed a 26-nation free trade pact to create a common market that would span half the continent from Cairo to Cape Town. The Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) deal must still be fine-tuned and ratified. The deal will integrate three existing trade blocs -- the East African Community, the Southern African Development Community and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
    (AFP, 6/10/15)

2015        Jun 11, An Egyptian court sentenced police officer Lt. Yassin Hatem Salahedeen (24) to 15 years in jail over the shooting of leftist female protester Shaima al-Sabbagh (34) during a peaceful rally last January 24.
    (AFP, 6/11/15)(SFC, 6/12/15, p.A2)

2015        Jun 13, Egypt opened the Rafah border crossing to allow Palestinians to travel in and out of the Gaza Strip for the first time in three months.
    (Reuters, 6/13/15)

2015        Jun 14, In Egypt 25 people were killed and 29 others injured in two separate road accidents. Poor road and traffic regulations here kill thousands each year.
    (AFP, 6/14/15)

2015        Jun 15, Egypt and China signed an agreement for $10 billion-worth of new projects.
    (Econ, 6/20/15, p.47)

2015        Jun 16, An Egyptian court sentenced deposed President Mohamed Mursi to death over a mass jail break during the country's 2011. The general guide of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie, and four other Brotherhood leaders were also handed the death penalty. More than 80 others were sentenced to death in absentia. The verdicts can be appealed.
    (Reuters, 6/16/15)

2015        Jun 17, Egypt's president issued a decree pardoning 165 people, mostly youths convicted of breaking protest laws and misdemeanors ahead of the holy month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 6/17/15)

2015        Jun 18, It was reported that Egyptian security agencies are increasingly detaining activists and students in secret and holding them without official record of their arrest. More than 160 such disappearances have been tracked in the last two months.
    (SFC, 6/18/15, p.A2)

2015        Jun 20, In Germany Al-Jazeera journalist Ahmed Mansour (52) was arrested at a Berlin airport, after Germany acted on an international arrest warrant issued by his native country Egypt. An Egyptian court had sentenced Mansour in absentia in 2014 to 15 years in prison, for "torturing a lawyer in 2011 on Tahrir Square" in Cairo, epicenter of an anti-regime uprising that brought down former president Hosni Mubarak. Mansour was soon released without charges.
    (AFP, 6/21/15)(Reuters, 6/22/15)

2015        Jun 26, In Egypt Mostafa Massouny (26), a video editor, disappeared while getting food in downtown Cairo.
    (Econ, 1/23/16, p.41)

2015        Jun 29, Egypt's top public prosecutor, Hisham Barakat (64), died of wounds sustained in a car bomb attack on his convoy as it was leaving his Cairo home in a marked escalation of Islamist militant attacks on the judiciary. In 2016 Egypt accused exiled Muslim Brotherhood officials of conspiring with Gaza-based Hamas militants to assassinate Barakat and arrested 14 people in connection with the attack.
    (Reuters, 6/29/15)(Reuters, 3/6/16)

2015        Jun 30, In Egypt a bomb blast near a Cairo police station killed 3 people.
    (SFC, 7/1/15, p.A2)

2015        Jul 1, In Egypt Islamic State militants launched a wide-scale coordinated assault on several military checkpoints in the North Sinai. The army later said 21 troops and 90 militants were killed, but security officials and media reports said 60-70 soldiers and some 100 militants died in the fighting.
    (Reuters, 7/1/15)(AP, 7/2/15)(Econ, 7/11/15, p.46)

2015        Jul 2, The Egyptian military killed 23 extremists in dawn raids in northern Sinai, a day after Islamic militants attacked army positions in the restive peninsula and set off the bloodiest fighting in decades.
    (AP, 7/2/15)

2015        Jul 6, Egypt’s military said it had killed 241 militants in the Sinai between July 1 and 5, while losing 21 soldiers in jihadist attacks.
    (AFP, 7/8/15)

2015        Jul 8, In Egypt 5 civilians were killed when a mortar round hit a house in a North Sinai village where the army is battling jihadist insurgents.
    (AP, 7/8/15)

2015        Jul 10, In Egypt 4 children and a woman were killed when a mortar round crashed into their home in Sheikh Zuweid, near North Sinai's main town of El-Arish.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Omar Sharif (83), Egyptian-born actor, died in Cairo. He soared to international stardom in movie epics "Lawrence of Arabia" and "Doctor Zhivago".
    (AP, 7/10/15)

2015        Jul 11, In Egypt the Islamic State claimed responsibility for a car bomb attack at the Italian consulate in Cairo. One person was killed.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)

2015        Jul 15, Egypt’s military foiled an attempted attack on a military post on a highway linking Cairo with the Red Sea coast. The driver of a car that was carrying 500 kg (1,100 pounds) of dynamite refused to stop at a checkpoint, drawing fire from the troops. The car then swerved off the road and the driver was killed.
    (AP, 7/16/15)

2015        Jul 16, An Egyptian navy vessel was targeted by militants affiliated with the Islamic State group, who said they destroyed it with a rocket while it was anchored off the Sinai peninsula's Mediterranean coast.
    (AP, 7/16/15)

2015        Jul 17, Egyptian security forces and Muslim Brotherhood supporters traded gunfire that killed at least 6 people after clashes erupted during a demonstration in Cairo.
    (AP, 7/17/15)(SFC, 7/18/15, p.A3)

2015        Jul 18, Egypt’s military reportedly killed 59 militants during operations in the Sinai Peninsula. At least 7 government soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 7/19/15)

2015        Jul 22, Former Egyptian PM Ahmed Nazif, who served under ousted president Hosni Mubarak, was sentenced to five years in jail on graft charges in a retrial.
    (Reuters, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Egypt at least 21 people celebrating an engagement were killed on the Nile north of Cairo late today when a cargo ship hit their chartered boat. The death toll soon rose to 36.
    (AFP, 7/23/15)(AFP, 7/26/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Egypt Tomislav Salopek (30) of Croatia was captured in Cairo by Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 8/8/15)

2015        Jul 23, In Egypt’s northern Sinai one officer and 3 soldiers died when their armored vehicle hit the bomb in Rafah. Clashes with militants then ensued, killing a fifth soldier.
    (AP, 7/23/15)

2015        Jul 25, In Egypt the first cargo ships passed through the New Suez Canal in a test-run before it opens next month. Construction of another canal near the East Port Said port on the Mediterranean Sea would begin as soon as the New Suez Canal had been inaugurated on August 6.
    (Reuters, 7/25/15)
2015        Jul 25, In Egypt a sniper killed a police conscript on the grounds of a police station in the restive northern Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweid.
    (AP, 7/25/15)

2015        Jul 26, In Egypt a roadside bombing in the Sinai Peninsula wounded 18 police conscripts. The Egyptian Islamic State affiliate claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 7/26/15)

2015        Jul 30, The United States began delivery of eight F-16 fighter jets to Egypt, the first since Washington fully lifted in March a freeze on arms delivery.
    (AFP, 7/30/15)

2015        Aug 4, In Egypt militants in the restive northern Sinai shelled a house near a security checkpoint early today, killing an entire family of 5 members inside it and wounding nine of their neighbors.
    (AP, 8/4/15)

2015        Aug 5, A video purportedly released by the Islamic State threatened to kill a Croatian hostage if Egyptian authorities do not release Muslim women held in prison within 48 hours. Tomislav Salopek (30) said he was captured on July 22.
    (SFC, 8/6/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 6, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi staged a lavish ceremony to unveil a "new" Suez Canal, seeking to boost the country's economy and international standing by expanding the vital waterway.
    (AFP, 8/6/15)

2015        Aug 8, In Egypt gunmen killed a policeman southwest of Cairo.
    (AP, 8/8/15)

2015        Aug 9, In Egypt a roadside bomb hit a police armored vehicle in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing an officer and a conscript and wounding three others.
    (AP, 8/9/15)

2015        Aug 10, In Egypt a small bomb exploded near a traffic post in Cairo wounding four policemen, two of them seriously, in an attack claimed by a Cairo-based militant group.
    (AFP, 8/10/15)
2015        Aug 10, In Egypt 19 people died when temperatures reached around 40 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit) in the country's north. A day earlier the heatwave killed 21 people. The heatwave killed at least 61 people across Egypt from Aug 9 to Aug 11 and caused nearly 600 people to be admitted to hospital
    (AP, 8/11/15)(Reuters, 8/12/15)

2015        Aug 12, Islamic State sympathizers circulated an image that appears to show the grisly aftermath of the beheading of Tomislav Salopek, a Croatian hostage abducted in Egypt.
    (AP, 8/12/15)

2015        Aug 13, Egypt's health minister said 17 more people have died due to an "unprecedented" heat wave, raising this week's death toll to 76.
    (AP, 8/13/15)
2015        Aug 13, In Egypt police Lieutenant Colonel Amr Farouk was sentenced to a reduced five years in jail in a re-trial over the deaths of 37 Islamist prisoners being transported to jail in an overcrowded van in August, 2013. Three other officers again received suspended terms.
    (Reuters, 8/13/15)

2015        Aug 15, Egypt's state news said the scorching heatwave over the past week has killed at least 93 people. Temperatures were expected to be high in the coming days. By August 18 the death toll reached 106.
    (AP, 8/15/15)(AP, 8/18/15)

2015        Aug 16, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi boosted police and judicial powers with a new anti-terrorism law that also imposes hefty fines for "false" media reports.
    (AFP, 8/17/15)

2015        Aug 20, In Egypt Islamic a car bombing wounded 30 people, including 8 policemen, near a state security building and courthouse in a Cairo suburb. Islamic State's Egypt affiliate (Sinai Province) said it was behind the car bombing.
    (Reuters, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 22, Egypt's state-run news agency said Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie and 16 others have been sentenced to life in prison on charges related to the killing of five people in an attack on a police station in 2013.
    (AP, 8/22/15)

2015        Aug 24, In Egypt a bomb struck a bus carrying policemen, killing 3 and wounding 33 in the Nile Delta province of Baheira.
    (AFP, 8/24/15)

2015        Aug 26, In Egypt three gunmen in a speeding car shot and killed 2 policemen in the restive northeastern part of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 8/26/15)

2015        Aug 29, An Egyptian court sentenced three Al-Jazeera English journalists to three years in prison. Peter Greste, Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohammed were all arrested in December 2013 on terrorism-related charges.
    (AP, 8/29/15)

2015        Aug 30, Italian energy giant ENI announced the discovery of the "largest ever" offshore natural gas field in the Mediterranean inside Egypt's territorial waters. The Zohr field would meet Egypt's own natural gas demands for decades.
    (AFP, 8/30/15)(Econ, 8/19/17, p.40)

2015        Aug, Egypt began digging 18 fisheries along the 9-mile border with Gaza to grow mullet fish and shrimp and to make digging underground tunnels impossible.
    (SFC, 9/1/15, p.A3)

2015        Sep 3, An Egyptian court said that female singers Bardis and Shakira promoted indecency in their music videos and sentenced both to six months in prison.
    (SFC, 9/4/15, p.A2)

2015        Sep 7, Egypt's agriculture minister Salah el-Din Helal was detained shortly after tendering his resignation amid a corruption investigation.
    (AP, 9/7/15)
2015        Sep 7, In Egypt a roadside bomb struck a military vehicle in the restive northern Sinai, killing an officer and a conscript and wounding five soldiers.
    (AP, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 10, Egypt’s military reported killing 48 militants in four days in an operation in northern Sinai dubbed "The Right of The Martyr."
    (AP, 9/11/15)

2015        Sep 11, Egypt’s army said a woman and child were killed in a car bomb, and four soldiers died in a separate explosion in the northern Sinai Peninsula, where the military is engaged in a sweeping campaign against jihadists.
    (AFP, 9/11/15)

2015        Sep 12, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi accepted the resignation of the government under PM Ibrahim Mehleb after it was rocked by a corruption scandal, and tasked oil minister Sharif Ismail with forming a new cabinet.
    (AFP, 9/12/15)(Econ, 9/19/15, p.44)

2015        Sep 14, Egyptian security forces killed 12 people and wounded 10 "by accident" when they mistook a convoy of mostly Mexican tourists for a group of militants they were hunting in the desert. The dead included 8 Mexicans.
    (Reuters, 9/14/15)(SFC, 9/16/15, p.A2)

2015        Sep 19, In Egypt unidentified assailants gunned down police General Ahmed Abdel Satar on the street in the North Sinai provincial capital El-Arish, a stronghold of the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 9/20/15)

2015        Sep 21, Egyptian troops killed 10 militants near the Bahriyah Oasis in the country's western desert — an area where Egyptian forces earlier this month mistakenly attacked a group of Mexican tourists.
    (AP, 9/22/15)

2015        Sep 23, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi pardoned 100 prisoners including three Al Jazeera television journalists, a day before he plans to head to the annual UN summit of world leaders.
    (Reuters, 9/23/15)
2015        Sep 23, Egypt agreed to buy two Mistral warships which France built for Russia before scrapping the sale over the Ukraine crisis, showing Paris increasingly values Cairo as a stable partner in a chaotic region.
    (AFP, 9/23/15)

2015        Sep 25, Egyptian security forces killed 9 armed members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood in a raid on a Cairo home.
    (Reuters, 9/25/15)

2015        Sep 26, In Egypt 2 soldiers were killed by a roadside car bomb in northern Sinai.
    (AP, 9/26/15)

2015        Sep, Egypt sent 800 men to Yemen to join the Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthi rebels.
    (Econ, 9/12/15, p.45)

2015        Oct 2, The head of Egypt's Cairo University said a recent decision to ban female staff from wearing the full face veil aims to put an end to student complaints of "poor communication" in class.
    (AP, 10/2/15)

2015        Oct 3, In Egypt 2 were shot dead in the bastion of the Islamic State group in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 10/4/15)

2015        Oct 10, Egypt signed a deal with France to buy two Mistral warships originally ordered by Russia as French PM Manuel Valls began an Arab tour.
    (AFP, 10/10/15)

2015        Oct 15, The Egyptian pound weakened by 10 piasters to 7.93 per dollar after the central bank reduced its price in an auction by the same amount to 7.83 per dollar.
    (AP, 10/15/15)
2015        Oct 15, Egypt, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay were elected to the UN Security Council during an uncontested vote for the non-permanent seats.
    (AFP, 10/15/15)

2015        Oct 18, Egyptians trickled in to polling stations to elect a new parliament that will tighten President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's grip on power after he crushed all opposition since ousting his Islamist predecessor.
    (AFP, 10/18/15)

2015        Oct 19, Egyptians largely stayed away from parliamentary elections for a second day, highlighting growing disillusionment since the army seized power in 2013.
    (Reuters, 10/19/15)

2015        Oct 22, Egyptian authorities arrested businessman Hassan Malik, a senior leader and financier of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. More than 200 lawyers were reported to be behind bars for defending the government's Islamist opponents.
    (AP, 10/23/15)(Reuters, 10/22/15)

2015        Oct 24, In Egypt gunmen in North Sinai shot dead Mostafa Abdel Rahman, a candidate for ultraconservative Salafist Al-Nur party which is seen as pro-government. A first lieutenant and two soldiers were killed in an explosion which targeted a police armored vehicle in the northern Sinai city of el-Arish.
    (AFP, 10/24/15)(AP, 10/24/15)

2015        Oct 27, Egyptians voted in run-off elections for more than 200 parliamentary seats in which no clear winner emerged in the first round of polls, with candidates loyal to President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi widely expected to dominate.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)

2015        Oct 31, Egypt's prosecution referred to trial the editor-in-chief for Egypt's top literary magazine and writer Ahmed Naji for publishing sexually explicit material and allegedly violating public morals.
    (AP, 11/1/15)
2015        Oct 31, A Russian airliner carrying 224 passengers and crew crashed in Egypt's Sinai peninsula after losing radar contact and plummeting from its cruising altitude, killing all aboard. The Airbus A321 was operated by Russian airline Kogalymavia under the brand name Metrojet. Egyptian security sources said early investigations suggested the plane crashed due to a technical fault. A militant group affiliated to Islamic State in Egypt claimed responsibility for the downing of the plane. On Jan 29, 2016 an EgyptAir mechanic, whose cousin joined Islamic State in Syria, was reported as a suspect in planting a bomb on the Russian plane.
    (Reuters, 10/31/15)(AP, 1/29/16)

2015        Nov 4, In Egypt a suicide bomber detonated a truck full of explosives at the main gate of a police club in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 3 police and wounding 10 others in an attack claimed by the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 11/4/15)

2015        Nov 5, Egypt opened three tombs in the ancient city of Luxor to the public for the first time, hoping to spur interest in tourism despite the shadow of last weekend's airline crash in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 11/5/15)

2015        Nov 6, A spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin said all flights to Egypt will be suspended until proper security is in place there.
    (AP, 11/6/15)
2015        Nov 6, Turkish Airlines canceled flights to Sharm al-Sheikh in Egypt on Friday and Saturday nights over security concerns.
    (Reuters, 11/6/15)

2015        Nov 7, A British official said Britain hopes to return all of its stranded tourists from Sharm al-Sheikh within 10 days.
    (Reuters, 11/7/15)
2015        Nov 7, Russian Federal Air Transport Agency said it will send 44 planes to repatriate its nationals from two Egyptian Red Sea resorts. Around 80,000 Russians were stranded in Egypt.
    (AFP, 11/7/15)(Reuters, 11/7/15)

2015        Nov 8, In Egypt Ashraf Ali Hassanein Gharabli, a top commander of a local Islamic State affiliate, died in a firefight that erupted when police tried to arrest him in the El-Marg district of Cairo.
    (AP, 11/9/15)

2015        Nov 13, Russia said it has banned incoming flights by Egypt's state-owned airline effective as of Nov 14.
    (Reuters, 11/13/15)

2015        Nov 15, In Egypt 15 Sudanese migrants, about to illegally enter Israel from the Sinai Peninsula, were killed as they were caught up in the crossfire of a gun battle between Egyptian security forces and Bedouin smugglers.
    (AP, 11/15/15)(SFC, 11/16/15, p.A2)

2015        Nov 16, Egypt said its security forces have shot dead 24 militants belonging to the country's Islamic State affiliate in central Sinai, 70 km from the crash site of a Russian passenger plane the group claimed it brought down.
    (Reuters, 11/16/15)

2015        Nov 17, Egypt said it would take into account Russia's conclusion that a bomb brought down a passenger plane over the Sinai Peninsula on Oct 31, but its investigation had so far found no evidence of criminal action.
    (Reuters, 11/17/15)
2015        Nov 17, The head of Russia's FSB security service said a homemade explosive device brought down a Russian passenger plane over Egypt last month. President Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian navy in the Mediterranean to establish contact with its French counterparts and work together.
    (AP, 11/17/15)(AFP, 11/17/15)

2015        Nov 19, Russia signed two agreements to finance and build Egypt's first nuclear power plant, in a ceremony attended by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (AFP, 11/19/15)

2015        Nov 22, Egyptians voted across 13 of the country's 27 provinces in the second phase of elections meant to restore parliament after a more than three-year gap, but which critics say have been undermined by widespread repression.
    (Reuters, 11/22/15)(AFP, 11/22/15)

2015        Nov 23, Egypt's PM Sherif Ismail granted government workers a half-day off in a bid to boost the low voter turnout on the final day of the second stage of parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/23/15)
2015        Nov 23, Egyptian security officials said 6 Sudanese migrants were killed and 17 wounded during a gun battle between security forces and smugglers as they tried to illegally enter Israel from Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 11/23/15)

2015        Nov 24, In Egypt an elaborate militant attack, involving a suicide car bombing and claimed by Islamic State group, targeted a hotel in El-Arish, killing 4 policemen, 2 judges and a civilian in the restive north of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 11/24/15)(AFP, 11/25/15)

2015        Nov 28, In Egypt a drive-by shooting killed 4 police near a famed historic site on the outskirts of Cairo.
    (AP, 11/28/15)
2015        Nov 28, Egypt said there is a 90 percent chance that hidden chambers will be found within King Tutankhamun's tomb, based on the preliminary results of a new exploration of the 3,300-year-old mausoleum.
    (AP, 11/28/15)

2015        Nov, The Egyptian military destroyed 20 underground tunnels this month along the border with the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/7/15)

2015        Dec 3, Egypt's top court ordered a retrial of Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie and thirty-six co-defendants, overturning a death sentence for Islamist protest violence.
    (AP, 12/3/15)
2015        Dec 3, Egypt opened its border with the Gaza Strip for the first time in months, drawing thousands of Palestinians who crowded the Rafah border crossing in hopes of leaving the coastal territory.
    (AP, 12/3/15)

2015        Dec 4, In Egypt a Molotov cocktail hurled at a Cairo restaurant killed 16 people and wounded two. The attacker was said to be a fired employee.
    (Reuters, 12/4/15)

2015        Dec 6, Israel's state-owned electric utility said Egyptian natural gas companies will pay it compensation of $1.76 billion plus interest for halting gas supplies in 2012.
    (AP, 12/6/15)

2015        Dec 12, In Egypt a Cairo court convicted two officers for the torture and murder of a detained lawyer in an eastern Cairo slum. National security officers Omar Mahmoud and Mohamed el-Anwar were sentenced in absentia to five years in prison each for beating lawyer Karim Hamdi to death last February.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zrpejuw)(AP, 12/12/15)

2015        Dec 13, Amnesty International said Egypt must immediately release Mazen Mohamed Abdallah (14), who says he was sexually abused in detention by police using a wooden stick and bring his alleged torturers to justice.
    (Reuters, 12/13/15)

2015        Dec 22, An Egyptian military court sentenced Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie to 10 years in prison over deadly clashes following the 2013 ouster of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 12/22/15)

2015        Dec 24, In Egypt a roadside bomb struck a police vehicle near a town in the Sinai Peninsula, killing a policeman and wounding two others.
    (AFP, 12/24/15)

2015        Dec 24, Egyptian border guards reportedly opened fire killing a mentally disabled Gazan who tried to get across the border between Egypt and the coastal strip. Hasan Izhaq was harmless and naked and trying to cross the coastal border.
    (AP, 12/27/15)

2015        Dec 27, An Egyptian military spokesman says that security forces chased two militants as they fled on a motorcycle, killing one and injuring another in the provincial capital of el-Arish. In another incident military forces pursued a third militant near Mount Halal, leading to his death amid a gunfight.
    (AP, 12/27/15)
2015        Dec 27, In Egypt an explosion in Cairo's twin city of Giza killed 3 people, including a senior judge, and injured 11 believed to be the result of a gas leak.
    (AP, 12/27/15)

2015        Dec 29, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan signed an agreement finalizing the two firms tasked with carrying out studies on the potential impact of Ethiopia's $4.8 billion Grand Renaissance Dam on the flow of the Nile.
    (Reuters, 12/29/15)(Econ, 1/16/16, p.49)
2015        Dec 29, Egyptian judicial officials said a court has reduced the jail term for Islam al-Behairy (Behery), a controversial Muslim scholar convicted of insulting Islam on his television show from five years to one.
    (AFP, 12/29/15)(SFC, 12/30/15, p.A2)

2015        Dec 30, In Egypt a program that had been giving free basic Internet services to over three million Egyptians was shut down. Facebook said it hoped to "resolve this situation soon" so the program, which it had launched with Etisalat Egypt some two months ago, could be restored.
    (AP, 12/30/15)
2015        Dec 31, In Egypt a couple and their 3 children, including a five-year-old girl, were killed when shelling hit their house in Rafah, North Sinai. It was unclear who fired the projectile.
    (AFP, 12/31/15)
2015        Dec 31, In Egypt a small ferry boat sank late today in the Nile Delta province of Kafr el-Sheikh. At least 15 people were killed and two remained missing.
    (AP, 1/1/16)

2015        Dec, Egypt cancelled the results of student council elections in the country’s universities  after pro-revolution candidates won across the board.
    (Econ, 1/9/16, p.39)

2015        Egypt destroyed thousands of homes in Rafah this year to stop the smuggling of weapons and fighters from Gaza.
    (Econ, 4/8/17, p.41)
2015        Egypt ranked 112th on the World Bank’s ease-of-doing-business index. In order to start a business investors needed permits from 78 different agencies.
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.43)

2016        Jan 8, In Egypt an elderly Austrian couple and a young Swedish man were hospitalized after the assault at the Bella Vista hotel in the Red Sea resort of Hurghada. Police shot dead one of the knife-wielding attackers and wounded another. On Dec 25 Egypt sentenced to life two men linked to the Islamic State group for plotting the attack on the Red Sea resort hotel.
    (AFP, 1/9/16)(AFP, 12/25/16)

2016        Jan 10, Egypt’s first legislature in more than three years held its inaugural session. The 596-seat chamber was packed with supporters of Pres. el-Sissi.
    (SFC, 1/11/16, p.A4)
2016        Jan 10, Arab foreign ministers meeting in Egypt accused Iran of interfering in the affairs of other Middle East states and undermining regional security, as officials met at an emergency Arab League session to discuss escalating tensions in the region.
    (Reuters, 1/10/16)

2016        Jan 20, In Egypt gunmen killed 5 policemen at a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula, in the latest attack claimed by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 1/21/16)

2016        Jan 21, China signed agreements to invest nearly $18 billion in Egypt as President Xi began a three-day visit. Xi’s Middle East tour will include a stop in Iran.
    (AP, 1/21/16)
2016        Jan 21, In Egypt a blast in Cairo killed 5 policemen, one civilian and an unidentified man. An affiliate of the jihadist Islamic State group soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 1/22/16)

2016        Jan 24, In Egypt gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire on a checkpoint, killing two policemen and a bystander near the town of Fakous in the Nile Delta province of Sharkiya on the eve of the anniversary of the 2011 uprising.
    (AFP, 1/24/16)

2016        Jan 25, In Egypt Mohammed Hamdan (32), a government engineer, turned up dead. The Interior Ministry announced that security forces killed Hamdan in a gun-battle that day while raiding a farmhouse where he was hiding. Hamdan had disappeared weeks earlier. Witnesses said masked police burst into his office in the southern city of Beni Suef and dragged him off in handcuffs in front of his co-workers.
    (AP, 3/5/16)
2016        Jan 25, Giulio Regeni (28), an Italian Cambridge University PhD student, mysteriously disappeared in Cairo. On Feb 3 his corpse was found on the outskirts of Cairo. Regeni's body was stabbed repeatedly and exhibited cigarette burns and other signs of torture. Regeni had written articles critical of the Egyptian government, An autopsy later showed he was interrogated for up to seven days before he was killed.
    (AFP, 2/4/16)(AP, 2/11/16)(Reuters, 3/1/16)

2016        Jan 27, In Egypt at least 4 army soldiers were killed and 12 injured in the Sinai Peninsula after an armored personnel carrier exploded on the outskirts of the city of Arish.
    (Reuters, 1/27/16)
2016        Jan 27, Al-Jazeera said it is suing Egypt over its crackdown on the Qatar-owned broadcaster's activists and journalists following the 2013 overthrow of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 1/27/16)

2016        Jan 29, In Egypt a bomb blast killed two police officers and wounded five others in an attack on their armoured vehicle in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 1/29/16)

2016        Jan 30, In Egypt a homemade bomb in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula killed 2 soldiers and wounded two other military men.
    (AP, 1/31/16)

2016        Jan 31, Two Egyptian policemen and two soldiers were killed in two bombing attacks in the country's restive Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 1/31/16)

2016        Feb 3, Egyptian security forces killed two suspected Islamist militants during clashes in the upscale Cairo district of Maadi.
    (Reuters, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 4, The UN children's agency released a report saying at least 200 million girls and women in 30 countries are estimated to have undergone female circumcision — half of them in Egypt, Ethiopia and Indonesia.
    (AP, 2/4/16)

2016        Feb 11, In Egypt at least 69 people were injured when a train derailed and two of its cars overturned as it was travelling north toward Cairo.
    (AP, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 12, Thousands of Egypt's doctors staged a rare protest against police abuses after accusations two doctors were beaten up by policemen in a Cairo hospital.
    (AP, 2/12/16)

2016        Feb 13, Egypt opened the Rafah crossing to the Gaza Strip for two days. A few hundred people were expected to be able to pass through during that time.
    (AP, 2/13/16)

2016        Feb 16, In Egypt Boutros Boutros-Ghali (93), the first UN chief from the African continent, died in Cairo. He helped negotiate Egypt's landmark peace deal with Israel but then clashed with the United States when he served a single term as UN secretary-general (1992-1996).
    (AP, 2/18/16)

2016        Feb 17, Mohamed Heikal (b.1923), one of Egypt's most prolific political authors and a confidant of the country's socialist president in the 1950s and 1960s, died in Cairo. Nasser's successor, Anwar Sadat, sidelined Heikal shortly after he took office in 1971 and a decade later, in 1981, jailed him along with hundreds of government critics.
    (AP, 2/17/16)

2016        Feb 18, Disgruntled Egyptians beat up a policeman, blocked roads, and surrounded the local security headquarters late today after the officer killed a driver in a dispute over a fare for a ride in Cairo. Police Sergeant Mostafa Abdel Haseeb shot tuk-tuk driver Mohamed Ismail (25) fatally in the head following a dispute. On April 2 Haseeb was sentenced to life imprisonment.
    (AP, 2/19/16)(Reuters, 4/2/16)
2016        Feb 18, The Egyptian branch of the Islamic State group posted pictures online of what it says was the execution of two men caught spying for the army in the Sinai.
    (AFP, 2/19/16)

2016        Feb 20, An Egyptian appeals court ordered the jailing of author Ahmed Naji for two years for publishing in a literary magazine a sexually explicit excerpt of his novel that prosecutors said violated public morals. The trial stemmed from a complaint filed by a private citizen after Akhbar al-Adab magazine published an excerpt from Naji's novel, "The Use of Life," in August 2014.
    (AP, 2/20/16)
2016        Feb 20, African leaders and bankers turned out at an economic summit in Egypt, vowing to push for trade and investments on the continent despite growing security concerns in the region.
    (AFP, 2/20/16)

2016        Feb 25, In southern Egypt a court convicted four Coptic teenagers of contempt for Islam after they appeared in a video mocking Muslim prayers. Three were sentenced to five years in prison each while the fourth was referred to a juvenile facility for being under the age of 18.
    (AP, 2/25/16)

2016        Mar 2, An Egyptian military court handed down seven death sentences for an April 2015 bombing that killed 2 army cadets as they waited to board a bus. The court in Alexandria also sentenced five people to life in prison, which in Egypt means 25 years.
    (AFP, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 3, Egypt extradited Frenchman Christophe Naudin to the Dominican Republic for his alleged involvement in the escape of two pilots jailed in a drugs case dubbed "Air Cocaine".
    (AFP, 3/3/16)

2016        Mar 6, In Egypt gunmen shot dead two wounded members of the security forces in an ambulance after they had been injured by a bombing in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 3/6/16)

2016        Mar 8, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas to disperse taxi drivers, who blocked a major road in Cairo, to protest Uber and other car-hailing applications.
    (AP, 3/8/16)

2016        Mar 12, A delegation of Hamas leaders from the Gaza Strip entered neighboring Egypt, seeking to patch up relations which soured with the 2013 overthrow of Islamist Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 3/12/16)

2016        Mar 17, In Egypt explosions rocked the northern Sinai town of Rafah as militants struck a weapons depot, killing at least 5 soldiers and injuring 10 others.
    (AP, 3/17/16)
2016        Mar 17, Egypt’s antiquities minister said scans of King Tut’s burial chamber have revealed two hidden rooms.
    (SFC, 3/18/16, p.A4)

2016        Mar 19, In Egypt a checkpoint near North Sinai's provincial capital of El-Arish was struck by mortar fire late today, but the Islamic State said a suicide bomber blew up a car at the police post, which jihadists then raided. Three officers and 12 policemen were killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 3/20/16)
2016        Mar 19, In western Saudi Arabia at least 19 pilgrims died, all of them Egyptian, and 22 were injured early today when their bus overturned.
    (AFP, 3/19/16)

2016        Mar 21, Egypt's state-run news agency said the top judicial disciplinary council has forced 14 judges into early retirement for allegedly supporting the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group.
    (AP, 3/21/16)

2016        Mar 24, Egyptian police identified people linked to the murder of Italian student Giulio Regeni, after killing four members of a criminal gang and finding the victim's passport at one of their apartments.
    (AFP, 3/25/16)

2016        Mar 25, Egypt's army killed 60 gunmen in clashes in the Sinai Peninsula where it is battling a jihadist insurgency.
    (AFP, 3/25/16)

2016        Mar 29, EgyptAir flight MS181 took off from Bourg el-Arab airport just outside Alexandria on a regular route to Cairo when it was hijacked to Cyprus. Hijacker Seif Eldin Mustafa wore a fake explosives belt and was taken into custody after he released all the passengers and crew.
    (AP, 3/29/16)(Reuters, 3/29/16)

2016        Mar 30, An Egyptian court sentenced 23 supporters of Mohamed Morsi to lengthy prison terms over a violent protest against the Islamist president's ouster in 2013.
    (AFP, 3/30/16)

2016        Apr 6, Egypt-based Nilesat satellite operator cut transmission of Hezbollah's television channel Al-Manar amid rising tensions between the Lebanese Shiite group's backer Iran and Sunni powerhouse Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 4/6/16)

2016        Apr 7, Saudi King Salman started a five-day visit to Cairo in a show of support for Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, with the leaders due to sign a raft of investment deals.
    (AFP, 4/7/16)

2016        Apr 8, Saudi King Salman announced plans to build a bridge over the Red Sea to Egypt, in a lavish show of support for the government of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (AFP, 4/8/16)

2016        Apr 9, Egypt’s government announced the signing of a maritime demarcation accord that puts two islands at the southern entrance to the Gulf of Aqaba in Saudi waters.
    (Reuters, 4/13/16)

2016        Apr 11, Cairo Univ., Egypt's oldest secular university, granted King Salman of Saudi Arabia an honorary doctorate for his "unique services" to Arabs and Muslims, the final function in a five-day visit clouded by opposition to Cairo's intention to hand over control of two Red Sea islands to Riyadh.
    (AP, 4/11/16)

2016        Apr 15, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas while thousands gathered in downtown Cairo chanting "leave, leave!" while protesting President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's decision to hand over two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, in the first significant wave of street protests since the former army chief became president in 2014.
    (AP, 4/15/16)

2016        Apr 16, In southern Egypt 8 people were killed when a vehicle crashed into a passing train in Aswan province.
    (AFP, 4/16/16)

2016        Apr 19, In Egypt a riot erupted in a Cairo suburb after a policeman shot three people after an argument over the price of a cup of tea, killing one of them. On Nov 16 a court sentenced the policeman  to life in prison.
    (Reuters, 4/19/16)(AP, 11/16/16)

2016        Apr 21, The militant Hamas group deployed forces along the Egypt-Gaza border to counter Cairo's concerns that it is aiding Islamic State extremists in Egypt's lawless Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/21/16)

2016        Apr 21, Egyptian security forces rounded up dozens of activists, journalists, and lawyers ahead of demonstrations called for April 25 against President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's policies, including the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/22/16)

2016        Apr 22, The United Arab Emirates' official news agency reported that Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan has ordered two billion dollars of investment in Egypt, and will deposit two billion dollars in the Egyptian central bank to increase its foreign reserves.
    (AP, 4/22/16)

2016        Apr 25, Egyptian police fired tear gas and birdshot to disperse hundreds of demonstrators calling on President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to step down over his government's decision to surrender control over two strategic Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. Police arrested at least 237 people during the protests.
    (AP, 4/25/16)(AP, 4/26/16)

2016        Apr 27, In Egypt a roadside bomb in the North Sinai town of El-Arish targeted an armored personnel carrier and killed 3 policemen with 8 others wounded.
    (AP, 4/27/16)

2016        Apr 30, An Egyptian court sentenced 20 people to life in prison for storming a prison in the Suez Canal city of Port Said in January 2013. The case stems from a riot that ensued after a court issued death sentences to people allegedly involved in Egypt's worst ever soccer violence at a match in 2012 in violence killed 72 people.
    (AP, 4/30/16)

2016        May 1, In Egypt some 650 workers from several provinces, who came to hold a meeting in Cairo for International Workers' Day, were prevented from assembling by police.
    (AP, 5/1/16)
2016        May 1, Egyptian police raided the press syndicate in Cairo and arrested two journalists critical of the government.
    (Reuters, 5/2/16)

2016        May 2, Egypt's journalists' syndicate called for the dismissal of the interior minister and an immediate sit-in at its headquarters in downtown Cairo, to protest the police detention of two journalists on its premises the night earlier.
    (AP, 5/2/16)

2016        May 3, Memos containing internal instructions from Egypt's Interior Ministry were leaked to the media, outlining strategies on how to deflect public outrage over arrests it made inside the journalists' union, handle the media in general, and deal with the case of an Italian student found tortured to death.
    (AP, 5/3/16)

2016        May 4, An Egyptian court acquitted former PM Ahmed Nazif (2004-2011) of graft charges in the latest retrial linked to his time serving under longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak. The ruling was final and could not be appealed.
    (AP, 5/4/16)

2016        May 7, An Egyptian court recommended the death sentence against six people, including two Al-Jazeera employees, for allegedly passing documents related to national security to Qatar and the Doha-based TV network during the rule of Islamist president Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 5/7/16)
2016        May 7, Egyptian police arrested Ezzedeen Khaled (19), a street performer they accuse of inciting anti-government protests and releasing an online video "insulting state institutions." Khaled is member of a satirical group called Awlad al-Shawarea (Street Children).
    (AP, 5/8/16)

2016        May 8, The Egyptian interior ministry said gunmen killed 8 plainclothes police on the southern outskirts of Cairo overnight, in an assault claimed by Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 5/8/16)

2016        May 9, In Egypt a fire in downtown Cairo engulfed a hotel and several nearby buildings killing at least 3 people.
    (SFC, 5/10/16, p.A2)

2016        May 14, In Egypt two Cairo courts convicted and sentenced to five years in jail a total of 101 protesters for taking part in peaceful, anti-government demonstrations last month. The sentences were passed hours after another Cairo court sentenced another 51 protesters to two years in jail for their part in last month's demonstrations.
    (AP, 5/15/16)

2016        May 19, An EgyptAir Airbus 320 jet carrying 66 passengers and crew from Paris to Cairo disappeared from radar over the Mediterranean south of Greece. Athens said the plane swerved in mid-air before plunging from cruising height and vanishing. Greek officials soon reported pieces of plastic and two life vests found floating some 230 miles south of Crete. On Dec 15 Egypt’s government reported that traces of explosives have been found on some of the victims of an EgyptAir flight.
    (Reuters, 5/19/16)(AP, 12/15/16)
2016        May 19, Egypt’s official gazette said Russia will loan Egypt $25 billion to finance building and operating a nuclear power plant in Egypt.
    (Reuters, 5/19/16)

2016        May 20, In Egypt a group of Muslims set fire to seven houses belonging to Christians and stripped a woman (70) naked in the southern province of Minya after rumors that her Christian son had an affair with a Muslim woman.
    (Reuters, 5/26/16)
2016        May 20, The European Space Agency (ESA) said that a European satellite has spotted a potential oil slick in the area of the eastern Mediterranean Sea where an EgyptAir jet disappeared on May 18 with 66 people on board. The Egyptian navy said earlier today it had found the personal belongings of passengers and other debris floating in the Mediterranean.
    (Reuters, 5/20/16)

2016        May 23, At the Vatican Pope Francis met the grand imam of Egypt's highest Islamic authority, Al-Azhar, looking to heal Vatican relations with the influential center of Sunni Muslim learning after dialogue was frozen five years ago.
    (Reuters, 5/23/16)

2016        May 28, In Egypt a girl (17) died while undergoing female circumcision. Authorities ordered the hospital closed and referred doctors for prosecution after the girl died. Female genital mutilation was criminalized in 2008 but remains widespread in Egypt.
    (AP, 5/31/16)

2016        May 29, An Egyptian military court sentenced eight alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to death on terrorism charges.
    (AP, 5/29/16)

2016        May 30, An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed Badie, the Muslim Brotherhood's leader, and 35 other people to life in prison over violent clashes after the army overthrew Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. Badie has already been sentenced to death and prison terms in other trials.
    (AFP, 5/30/16)

2016        May 31, In Egypt a roadside bomb struck a military armored vehicle in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula. 6 soldiers were killed an six others wounded.
    (AP, 5/31/16)

2016        Jun 1, Egyptian and French investigators said a French search vessel has picked up signals from one of the black boxes of EgyptAir flight MS804, which crashed May 19.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Egypt opened its border with Gaza for the second time in a month, giving Palestinians a four-day respite from a closure stemming from friction between Cairo and the enclave's Islamist rulers.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)

2016        Jun 6, In Egypt 12 Education Ministry officials were detained after answers to the final nationwide exams for Arabic and religion were posted on Facebook.
    (AP, 6/6/16)

2016        Jun 7, Egypt's former top auditor, Hisham Genena, who exposed massive corruption in the country went on trial before a court in Cairo, charged with spreading "false news" and "disturbing" the country's security.
    (AP, 6/7/16)

2016        Jun 14, An Egyptian court acquitted 52 protesters charged with taking part in anti-government demonstrations in April denouncing the president's decision to hand over two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 6/14/16)

2016        Jun 16, A search team recovered the cockpit voice recorder from the EgyptAir plane that crashed on May 19 into the Mediterranean last month hours after a deep-sea robot located pieces of the main body of the plane.
    (AFP, 6/16/16)

2016        Jun 17, Egyptian investigators said a second flight recorder has been retrieved from the crashed EgyptAir flight MS804, containing data from aircraft systems which could shed light on what brought the plane down last month.
    (Reuters, 6/17/16)

2016        Jun 18, An Egyptian court sentenced ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to life in prison in an espionage trial. The court also sentenced six people, including two Al-Jazeera employees, to death for allegedly passing documents related to national security to Qatar and the Doha-based TV network during the rule of Pres. Morsi.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)(AP, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 18, Adel Mohamed Sallam (30) left the Albanian port of Durres with an Albanian captain and another fisherman. The Egyptian man claimed he is owed 70,000 euros ($79,000) in back pay and threatened to sink the boat together with the two fishermen. The boat owner said he owes no money to Sallam. On June 29 Albanian authorities said fisherman Luan Mema was found "in stable health" but that captain Dhimiter Malja was still missing. Local media said Adel Mohamed Salam was arrested in Alexandria while three other Egyptians were found at the boat which he had allegedly sold for 100,000 euros ($110,000).
    (AP, 6/23/16)(AP, 6/29/16)

2016        Jun 21, An Egyptian court rejected a border agreement that would have transferred two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, and which had sparked street protests in Cairo. The government has 10 days in which to apply for an injunction against the ruling and 60 days to appeal it.
    (AP, 6/21/16)

2016        Jun 23, Egyptian hijacker Seif Eddin Mustafa told a Cypriot court that he hijacked the domestic EgyptAir flight in March intending to seek asylum in Italy in order to "point the finger" at the Egyptian military regime. Mustafa  claimed he saw Giulio Regeni being interrogated in a Cairo prison.
    (AP, 6/23/16)

2016        Jun 27, Hundreds of Egyptian students protested in front of the Education Ministry in Cairo over the cancellation of some high school exams after the answers were leaked.
    (AP, 6/27/16)
2016        Jun 27, Egypt banned prominent female activist Mozn Hassan from travelling to a human rights meeting in Beirut, the latest step in a crackdown on free speech and dissent.
    (AP, 6/27/16)

2016        Jun 28, Lilian Daoud, a prominent dual British-Lebanese journalist who hosted a talk show critical of the government of Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, arrived in Beirut after authorities in Cairo briefly detained her and then deported her.
    (AP, 6/28/16)

2016        Jun 30, In Egypt Islamist militants in the Sinai Peninsula gunned down Father Rafael Moussa, a Christian priest, as he was fixing his car. In a separate attack in Arish, one policeman was killed and three wounded when an improvised bomb exploded as their convoy drove near a police station. An armored vehicle escorting an ambulance to el-Arish was ambushed by militants leaving one soldier dead.
    (Reuters, 6/30/16)(AP, 6/30/16)

2016        Jul 12, An Egyptian court sentenced six policemen to up to seven years in prison over the death of detainee Talaat Shabeeb last November in Luxor. Seven policemen were acquitted. The court also ordered the Interior Ministry to pay 1.5 million Egyptian pounds ($170,000) to the man's family.
    (AP, 7/12/16)
2016        Jul 12, Human Rights Watch urged an end to "forced anal examinations" with a report documenting them in eight countries, mostly in Africa, saying the practice is based on flawed ideas about supposedly proving homosexual conduct. The report drew on interviews with 32 men and transgender women subjected to the exams in eight countries that ban same-sex conduct: Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda and Zambia.
    (AP, 7/12/16)

2016        Jul 13, The Solar Impulse 2 landed in Cairo for its penultimate stop as the solar-powered plane nears the end of its marathon tour around the world.
    (AFP, 7/13/16)

2016        Jul 15, Egypt launched a program of having Muslim clerics read a standardized government-written sermon at Friday prayers, a move by the state to tighten control over religious discourse.
    (AP, 7/15/16)

2016        Jul 16, In Egypt  a group of Muslims attacked and torched houses of Christians in the village of Abu-Yacoub, also in Minya, following a rumor that a Christian intended to turn a kindergarten into a church. Security forces arrested at least 14 people.
    (AP, 7/18/16)

2016        Jul 17, In Egypt a Muslim mob attacked the families of two Coptic priests with knives and batons in the village of Tahna al-Gabal late today. Family member Fam Khalaf (27) was killed and the father of one of the priests was wounded.
    (AP, 7/18/16)

2016        Jul 26, In Egypt film director Mohammed Khan (b.1942) died. His realism shed light on the country's urban landscape since the 1980s. His 2013 film “Factory Girl" addressed Egypt's rigid class society.
    (AP, 7/26/16)

2016        Jul 28, An Egyptian court convicted  Hesham Genena, the country's former top anti-corruption official, of "spreading false news," sentencing him to a year in prison and a fine of 20,000 Egyptian pounds ($2,250) which, if paid along with an additional 10,000 pounds, will allow him to avoid incarceration.
    (AP, 7/28/16)

2016        Jul, Egypt’s government carried some 7 million employees. By comparison Britain with 80% of Egypt’s population had under 500,000 employees.
    (Econ, 7/16/16, p.40)

2016        Aug 2, In southern California Egypt-born chemist Ahmed Zewail (70), a science adviser to President Obama, died. He won the 1999 Nobel Prize for his work on the study of chemical reactions over immensely short time scales. On August 7 Zewail was given a state funeral with military honors in Cairo.
    (AP, 8/3/16)(AFP, 8/7/16)

2016        Aug 5, Egypt's former Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa, once one of the country's top religious authorities, survived an assassination attempt. Gomaa is an adherent of a mystical school of Islam known as Sufism and an outspoken critic of Islamist groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 8/5/16)

2016        Aug 9, Egypt's parliament approved restrictions on the police that will prevent them from providing information to the media, a move that critics saw as an attempt to further cover up high-level abuses and corruption.
    (Reuters, 8/10/16)

2016        Aug 11, The International Monetary Fund said that it had reached an initial agreement to lend $12 billion to Egypt to bolster an economy battered by years of unrest.
    (AFP, 8/11/16)

2016        Aug 24, In Egypt a knife-wielding attacker was shot and killed after he stabbed a guard at the Coptic Virgin Mary church in Cairo's eastern suburb of Nozha.
    (AP, 8/24/16)

2016        Aug 25, In Egypt Khaled Hanafi, the country’s supply minister. He had overseen Egypt’s food subsidy program.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.43)

2016        Aug 27, An Egyptian court ordered the release of rights lawyer Malek Adly. He had been held without charge in solitary confinement for over 100 days after defying President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
    (AP, 8/27/16)

2016        Aug 28, Egypt’s government reimposed it zero tolerance on wheat with ergot, a common fungus. Most countries allowed grain with up to .05% ergot.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.43)

2016        Aug 29, Egypt's parliament agreed to establish a value-added tax of 13 percent, in a move authorities hope will generate much-needed state revenue and advance a reform program supported by loans from the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 8/30/16)

2016        Aug 31, Cyprus and Egypt signed an agreement that paves the way for the supply of gas to the Arab nation via an undersea pipeline that officials hope will create a regional energy hub. The first gas through the new pipeline was expected to reach Egypt sometime between 2020 and 2022.
    (AP, 8/31/16)

2016        Sep 2, Indian PM Narendra Modi and visiting Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi agreed to boost cooperation in security and anti-terror efforts calling terrorism one of the gravest threats their countries face.
    (AP, 9/2/16)

2016        Sep 7, An Egyptian court ordered the conditional release of four members of the satirical street performance group “Street Children," whose selfie-style video clips mocked President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
    (AP, 9/7/16)
2016        Sep 7, In Egypt a train went off the tracks south Cairo killing five people.
    (AP, 9/7/16)

2016        Sep 17, An Egyptian court upheld a decision to freeze the assets of several prominent human rights campaigners. The five activists named in the court ruling include Gamal Eid and Bahey eldin Hassan, who head two well-known human rights organizations, as well as investigative reporter Hossam Bahgat, also the founder of a rights group.
    (AP, 9/17/16)

2016        Sep 21, A boat carrying around 600 people capsized off Egypt's coast. 169 people survived. Over the next two days 148 bodies were recovered. The boat was carrying Egyptian, Syrian, and African migrants. The toll rose to 178 after the boat was raised on September 27. The death toll was later raised to 202.
    (Reuters, 9/21/16)(Reuters, 9/22/16)(AP, 9/23/16)(AP, 9/27/16)(Reuters, 3/26/17)

2016        Sep 26, Egypt arrested three journalists who were conducting street interviews in Cairo about Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi’s request for small donations of spare change to fund development programs. A fourth journalist was arrested a day later as she interviewed Egyptians with postgraduate degrees protesting for jobs.
    (SSFC, 10/2/16, p.A4)

2016        Sep 28, An Egyptian court sentenced 40 people to life in prison over alleged ties to the Islamic State group and for helping recruit youth to join the extremists in Syria and Iraq.
    (AP, 9/28/16)

2016        Oct 4, Egypt's security forces killed Mohammed Kama (61), a senior Muslim Brotherhood leader, and another member of the outlawed Islamist group in an overnight shootout at a Cairo apartment. Kamal, a physician by profession, was killed along with Yasser Shahata Ali Ragab in an exchange of gunfire as police tried to arrest them.
    (AP, 10/4/16)

2016        Oct 8, In Egypt gunmen shot Gamal al-Deeb, a policeman working with the Homeland Security agency, eight times outside his home shortly after midnight in northern Beheira province. The Hasam Movement claimed responsibility for the killing. Hasam, the Arabic word for decisiveness, has claimed five other attacks since July.
    (Reuters, 10/8/16)

2016        Oct 12, Egypt's military announced it will host Russian troops for war games along the Mediterranean coast, the latest step in the two countries' rapprochement and another sign of Moscow flexing its muscles in the Middle East.
    (AP, 10/12/16)

2016        Oct 14, In Egypt suspected Islamic State gunmen killed 12 members of the military in North Sinai province and wounded six more in an attack on a checkpoint. 15 militants were reported killed in return.
    (Reuters, 10/14/16)

2016        Oct 17, Egypt passed legislation to crack down on people traffickers linked to a major surge in the numbers of migrants departing from the country's Mediterranean coast on often disastrous sea journeys to Europe.
    (Reuters, 10/17/16)

2016        Oct 19, Egypt's highest court quashed death sentences imposed on 14 Islamists over an attack on a police station in protest at the military's overthrow in 2013 of then-President Mohamed Mursi. Eight more defendants in the case were sentenced to death in absentia.
    (Reuters, 10/19/16)

2016        Oct 22, An Egyptian court confirmed a 20-year prison sentence against former president Mohamed Mursi. The sentence was for a conviction arising from the killings of protesters during demonstrations in 2012. Twenty-year jail sentences were also confirmed against other senior figures from the then-ruling Muslim Brotherhood, including Mohamed el-Beltagy and Essam el-Erian.
    (Reuters, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 22, In Egypt Suspected Islamic militants gunned down Brig-Gen. Adel Ragai, commander of the army's 9th armored division based in the sprawling military base of Dahshour west of Cairo.
    (AP, 10/22/16)

2016        Oct 25, An Israeli man reportedly working on a border fence between Israel and Egypt was shot and killed when gunmen in Egypt opened fire at him. A senior Egyptian security official said that human traffickers shot at Israelis working on the barrier.
    (AP, 10/25/16)

2016        Oct 28, Egypt's health ministry said 12 people have died and dozens were injured as heavy rain battered several cities across the country.
    (AP, 10/28/16)

2016        Oct 29, An Egyptian court sentenced two Muslim Brotherhood supporters to life in prison and 16 others to 15 years in jail for a violent assault on a Cairo neighborhood in 2013 after the ouster of former president Mohamed Mursi. A senior military officer and one soldier were killed by a roadside explosion in the North Sinai where the government faced an Islamic State-led insurgency.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)

2016        Oct 31, In Egypt militants attacked the same Bir el-Abd army checkpoint in Sinai where 12 soldiers were killed earlier this month, this time leaving one soldier dead.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Egypt's Health Ministry said recent floods have killed 26 people and injured 72 others across the country.
    (AP, 10/31/16)

2016        Nov 3, Egypt devalued its currency by 48 percent and said the pound would be allowed to float. The measures met a key demand by the IMF in exchange for a $12 billion loan over three years to overhaul the ailing economy.
    (SFC, 11/4/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 7, Egypt said that Saudi Arabia has halted fuel shipments indefinitely, in a sign of lingering tensions following a dispute over the conflict in Syria.
    (AP, 11/7/16)

2016        Nov 13, In Egypt Magdy Maken (53), a fish cart vendor, was arrested late today after an altercation with a policeman. After beating him in the street the Coptic Christian was taken to a police station in Cairo's middle-class neighborhood of el-Ameriyah. Hours later, his lifeless body was brought to a nearby hospital with "torture marks." In December ten policemen were charged with torturing Magdy Makain.
    (AP, 11/18/16)(Reuters, 12/18/16)

2016        Nov 15, An Egyptian court struck down the death sentence passed by a lower tribunal against former Islamist President Mohammed Morsi for his part in a mass prison break during the country's 2011 uprising.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Egypt's parliament approved a bill to regulate non-governmental organizations in a move human rights groups say effectively bans their work.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 17, Egypt pardoned 82 detainees, including many students and a former TV host convicted of "defaming religious symbols."
    (AP, 11/17/16)

2016        Nov 19, An Egyptian court sentenced the head of the journalists' union and two members to two years in prison for "harboring fugitives", allowing them to pay bail pending an appeal. Journalists Syndicate president Yahiya Kallash (Yehia Qalash), Gamal Abd el-Rahim and Khaled Elbalshy were charged in May with sheltering two journalists wanted over protests against the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. On March 25, 2017, an appeals court suspended their jail sentences.
    (AP, 11/19/16)(AP, 3/25/17)

2016        Nov 20, Egypt’s state news reported that 292 suspects linked to the Islamic State group have been referred to a military tribunal over attacks and an alleged plot to assassinate Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
    (SFC, 11/21/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 21, An Egyptian government committee ordered the confiscation of assets of 46 members and supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. The confiscated assets included five companies involved in trade, construction, and pharmaceuticals.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In Egypt hundreds of Nubians blocked a main road for a third day to protest the government's planned takeover of land they say is part of their ancestral homeland.
    (AP, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 22, An Egyptian appeals court quashed one of two life sentences handed down to Mohamed Morsi since his 2013 overthrow, in the Islamist ex-president's second appeals victory in a week.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)

2016        Nov 29, In Egypt an amended law that toughens penalties for female genital mutilation to up to 15 years in jail came into effect.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)

2016        Nov, Egypt’s inflation was running at about 14%.
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.14)

2016        Dec 3, Egypt's Supreme Constitutional Court upheld a law that effectively bans street protests, settling a years-long court battle and protecting the law from further challenges.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)

2016        Dec 4, Palestinian emergency workers said they have recovered the bodies of three men who went missing in a smuggling tunnel between Gaza and Egypt. The tunnel caved in after the Egyptian military flooded it with water. One person remained missing.
    (AP, 12/4/16)

2016        Dec 6, Egyptian security forces in the southern province of Assiut killed three gunmen in a raid on a hideout used by what it described as an armed wing of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Egypt's official anti-corruption body said it has uncovered a network for human organ trafficking, including physicians whom it said exploited the victims' poverty in persuading them to sell their organs.
    (AP, 12/6/16)

2016        Dec 8, In Egypt Osama Morsi, one of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi’s five children, was led away from his house in the Nile Delta. The state-run news website Al-Ahram reported the arrest, saying Osama is accused of inciting violence.
    (AP, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 9, In Egypt a bomb attack in Cairo killed six policemen and wounded another three. The recently emerged militant group called the Hasm Movement claimed responsibility. A bomb targeting a police vehicle in Kafr al-Sheikh killed a civilian and injured 3 policemen.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)(SFC, 12/10/16, p.A4)(Econ, 12/17/16, p.43)

2016        Dec 11, In Egypt a suicide bombing at the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Church next to St Mark's Cathedral, Cairo's largest Coptic cathedral, killed 25 people and wounded 49, many of them women and children attending Sunday mass. Islamic State supporters celebrated the attack on social media. The suicide bomber was identified as Mahmoud Shafik Mohamed Mostafa (22). Four people suspected of involvement were soon arrested. The death toll soon rose to 27.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)(AFP, 12/12/16)(SFC, 12/13/16, p.A3)(AP, 12/20/16)

2016        Dec 12, Italian energy company Eni said it would sell a 30 percent stake in an offshore Egyptian gas field to Rosneft. The Russian company will pay $1.125 billion for the holding in the Shorouk concession, which contains the giant Zohr gas field, and $450 million to cover past expenditures on the project.
    (AP, 12/12/16)

2016        Dec 14, An Egyptian judicial official said authorities have ordered the assets frozen of the chief of a media company that releases two daily newspapers including the English-language Daily News, over allegations of belonging to the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 12/14/16)

2016        Dec 17, Security officials at Cairo International Airport denied entry to the country to Omar bin Laden, son of the former leader of al-Qaida Osama bin Laden. Both were allowed to leave for Turkey.
    (AP, 12/17/16)

2016        Dec 18, Egypt's highest court ordered the freeing of an author who was jailed for public indecency when extracts from his sexually explicit novel were published in a literary newspaper. A chapter from Ahmed Naji's novel Istikhdam al-Hayat, or Using Life, had been serialized in a state-owned literary publication.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)

2016        Dec 24, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said that the military's economic activity accounted for no more than two percent of the country's output, dismissing suggestions that the military could control as much as half of the economy.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)

2016        Dec 25, Egypt ordered the detention for 15 days of Al-Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein (51) accusing him of incitement and fabricating news. In November, Al-Jazeera broadcast a documentary called "The Soldiers" in which former conscripts spoke about compulsory military service in Egypt, drawing criticism from the media.
    (AP, 12/25/16)

2016        Dec 27, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi approved a law, passed a day earlier, to set up a council headed by his appointees that oversees the media and ensures compliance with "national security" requirements.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)

2016        Dec 29, Egypt's Cabinet approved the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia despite protests earlier this year and a court ruling the transfer unconstitutional.
    (AP, 12/30/16)

2016        Dec 31, In Egypt an explosion targeting a security vehicle in the Sinai peninsula killed one junior officer and one soldier and injured another soldier.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, An Egyptian appeals court upheld an agreement to give control of two islands in the Red Sea to Saudi Arabia.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)

2016        Jack Shenker authored “The Egyptians: A Radical Story."
    (Econ, 2/6/16, p.76)
2016        Egypt came in at 131st in the World Bank’s ease-of-doing-business ranking.
    (Econ, 8/6/16, p.36)

2017        Jan 2, A senior Egyptian judge arrested on corruption charges was found dead in his cell having hanged himself. Wael Shalaby, a deputy chief justice in the country's administrative courts system, resigned Dec 31 shortly before he was arrested and was charged the following day with taking a bribe.
    (Reuters, 1/2/17)

2017        Jan 4, Egypt released political activist Ahmed Maher (36), a leading figure in the 2011 revolt that toppled the government, after he completed his jail term. Maher was the founder and spokesman of the April 6 protest movement, one of the main groups that campaigned for more freedom under longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 1/5/17)

2017        Jan 5, Egypt’s Interior Ministry said one suspect was killed and three others arrested in a police raid in connection with a bomb attack that killed six policemen in Cairo on December 9. Those arrested in the raid on the outskirts of Cairo belonged to a militant group called the Hasm Movement, which claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (Reuters, 1/5/17)

2017        Jan 9, In Egypt militants attacked a police checkpoint in the northern Sinai Peninsula using a stolen garbage truck packed with explosives, killing at least eight people and setting off clashes with security forces. The Islamic State’s local affiliate soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 1/9/17)(SFC, 1/11/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 11, An Egyptian court upheld an earlier ruling to freeze the assets of Mozn Hassan and her group, Nazra for Feminist Studies, as well as Mohammed Zaraa and Atef Hafez, both of the Arab Organization for Criminal Reform.
    (AP, 1/11/17)

2017        Jan 12, Human Rights Watch said in a report that Egypt has banned public criticism and peaceful opposition, and that security forces routinely torture detainees and forcibly disappeared hundreds last year.
    (AP, 1/12/17)

2017        Jan 13, Egyptian police reportedly killed 10 Islamic militants in a shootout in al-Arish. However, the residents said six of those killed had been in police custody since October.
    (AP, 1/15/17)   

2017        Jan 15, Egypt said it will make further "significant" cuts to energy subsidies, raise taxes and seek more international financing as it pursues economic reforms this year.
    (AFP, 1/15/17)

2017        Jan 16, An Egyptian court ruled against the government's attempt to transfer two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, an embarrassment for President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi that could deepen tensions with his onetime Gulf patron.
    (AP, 1/16/17)

2017        Jan 18, The International Monetary Fund said that Egypt is making progress with its economic reform program, although it will still take time to improve living standards in a poor country beset with rocketing inflation.
    (AP, 1/18/17)

2017        Jan 21, In Egypt eight people were killed after a shell landed on a house in southern Rafah, in the north of Sinai.
    (Reuters, 1/21/17)
2017        Jan 21, Representatives of Libya's neighbors meeting in Cairo warned the North African nation's main rival factions against seeking to settle their differences through military force, as Egypt announced that efforts were underway to bring their leaders together to chart a "joint vision" for the country. The representatives came from Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Algeria, Chad, Niger and Tunisia as well as the UN envoy to Libya.
    (AP, 1/21/17)

2017        Jan 22, Egypt's National Defense Council extended the military's participation in a Saudi-led operation in Yemen. It did not specify how long the extension would be for.
    (Reuters, 1/22/17)

2017        Jan 29, In Egypt Hazem Salah Abu Ismail, an Islamist former presidential hopeful, was sentenced to five years in prison for inciting his supporters to "besiege" a Cairo court in December 2012. Five other defendants received the same jail terms, while another 13 were sentenced to 10 years in prison in absentia.
    (AFP, 1/29/17)

2017        Jan 31, The Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS), a non-government organization, published a 95-page report saying Law 10 of 1914, or the Assembly Law was repealed by parliament in 1928.
    (Reuters, 2/5/17)

2017        Feb 1, In Egypt the price of two key staples, sugar and cooking oil, were modestly increased for ration card holders as TV talk shows and newspapers went abuzz after reports emerged that the country's parliament's speaker and his two deputies are using state funds to buy cars worth hundreds of thousands of dollars.
    (AP, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 5, Egypt's top Islamic authority rejected the president's suggestion for legislation that would invalidate the practice of men verbally divorcing their wives.
    (AP, 2/5/17)

2017        Feb 9, Egyptian police closed down the Al-Nadeem Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, an organization that treats victims of torture and trauma.
    (AP, 2/9/17)

2017        Feb 10, The Islamic State group in Egypt claimed to have executed five men it accuses of spying for the army, which is battling the jihadists in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 2/11/17)

2017        Feb 13, Mostafa el-Abbadi (88), Egyptian scholar, died. He was the man behind the recreation of the Great Library of Alexandria, which opened in 2002.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.86)

2017        Feb 16, Egypt swore in nine new ministers to the cabinet of PM Sherif Ismail, along with five new governors, including the country's first female governor.
    (AP, 2/16/17)

2017        Feb 17, In Egypt at least five soldiers were killed and two injured by a roadside bomb in the restive Northern Sinai.
    (Reuters, 2/17/17)

2017        Feb 22, In Egypt  militants killed a Coptic Christian man and burned his son alive, then dumped their bodies on a roadside in el-Arish. Three other Christians in Sinai were killed earlier, either in drive-by shootings or with militants storming their homes and shops.
    (AP, 2/24/17)

2017        Feb 23, In Egypt suspected Islamic militants gunned down a Coptic Christian man and stabbed his daughter to death inside his home in el-Arish, northern Sinai, the seventh such killing in a month's time in the restive region.
    (AP, 2/24/17)

2017        Feb 24, Egyptian airport officials said that authorities are more than doubling the cost of entry visas for foreign visitors starting next week. (The start date was later pushed to July 1.) It was reported that inflation reached almost 30 percent in January, up five percent over the previous month, driven by the floatation of the Egyptian pound and slashing of fuel subsidies enacted by President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi in November.
    (AP, 2/24/17)(AP, 2/26/17)

2017        Feb 25, Egyptian state news said a Cairo has court acquitted one of deposed President Hosni Mubarak's closest aides in a retrial in a corruption case. Zakaria Azmi, Mubarak's former chief of staff, had been sentenced to seven years in prison in 2012 and fined 36.4 million Egyptian pounds ($6 million) on charges of making illegal gains.
    (Reuters, 2/25/17)

2017        Feb 26, Egyptian Christians fearing attacks by Islamic State group militants fled the volatile northern part of the Sinai Peninsula for a fourth day, after a string of sectarian killings there sent hundreds packing and raised accusations the government is failing to protect the minority.
    (AP, 2/26/17)

2017        Feb 27, Egyptian police arrested 22 people after hundreds went on a rampage in the coastal city of Port Said to protest death sentences for 10 residents for their part in a deadly 2012 soccer riot.
    (AP, 2/28/17)

2017        Feb 28, In Egypt top Muslim and Christian clerics from the Middle East gathered in Cairo for a two-day conference on promoting co-existence, as sectarian conflict continues to ravage the region. The leading religious authority in Sunni Islam lashed out at supporters of abortion rights, sexual reassignment and globalization, saying they aim to "annihilate all Abrahamic religions."
    (AFP, 2/28/17)(AP, 3/1/17)

2017        Feb, Egypt’s chief of military intelligence said the army has killed around 500 militants as part of its “Right of the Martyr" campaign begun in September 2015.
    (Econ, 4/8/17, p.41)
2017        Feb, Egypt opened the Rafah border crossing to the Gaza strip to commercial traffic.
    (Econ, 4/22/17, p.42)

2017        Mar 2, In Egypt German Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi held talks on ways of slowing migration to Europe, including tightening control over borders.
    (AP, 3/2/17)
2017        Mar 2, Egypt's top appeals court found Hosni Mubarak innocent of involvement in the killing of protesters during the 2011 uprising that ended his 30-year rule, in a final ruling that could see the former president walk free.
    (Reuters, 3/2/17)

2017        Mar 13, Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi pardoned more than 200 people convicted and jailed for their participation in illegal protests. Former Pres. Hosni Mubarek was ordered free from detention.
    (AP, 3/13/17)(SFC, 3/14/17, p.A2)

2017        Mar 18, In Egypt Salem Salmy al-Hamadeen (aka Abu Anas al-Ansari), a leader in Islamic State's Egyptian affiliate, was killed in an air raid.
    (Reuters, 4/2/17)
2017        Mar 18, Meeting in Cairo representatives of the United Nations, European Union, Arab League and African Union supported efforts by Libya's unity government to assert control over Tripoli after days of fighting with rival militias.
    (AFP, 3/18/17)

2017        Mar 21, EgyptAir said it has received instructions from US transport authorities imposing restrictions on electronic devices carried by incoming travelers and will bring them into effect on March 24.
    (Reuters, 3/21/17)

2017        Mar 23, In Egypt Islamic extremists killed 10 government soldiers in fighting in a central part of the restive Sinai Peninsula during an army raid on a militant hideout. Troops killed 15 extremists and took seven prisoners in the raid.
    (AP, 3/23/17)
2017        Mar 23, An Egyptian court ordered a renewed corruption probe into ousted president Hosni Mubarak, who has been cleared for release after almost six years in detention.
    (AFP, 3/23/17)

2017        Mar 24, In Egypt Hosni Mubarak (88), the former autocrat toppled during the 2011 Arab Spring, was freed from the military hospital where he spent much of the past six years in detention.
    (AFP, 3/24/17)

2017        Mar 25, Three Egyptian soldiers were killed in an explosion that hit their armored vehicle in the northern Sinai peninsula. Another officer managing a checkpoint was killed by sniper fire.
    (Reuters, 3/25/17)(SSFC, 3/26/17, p.A4)

2017        Mar 26, An Egyptian court sentenced 56 people to prison terms of up to 14 years over the capsizing of a boat that killed over 200 people last September 21.
    (Reuters, 3/26/17)

2017        Apr 2, An Egyptian court ruled that a judicial decision to block the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia is void, potentially reviving a deal that triggered protests. The decision by the Court of Urgent Matters was subject to appeal and any final deal must be approved by parliament.
    (Reuters, 4/2/17)

2017        Apr 5, Kuwait said it has signed a new a multi-billion-dollar deal to supply Egypt with crude oil and petroleum products for the next three years.
    (AFP, 4/5/17)

2017        Apr 9, In Egypt at least 45 people were killed in two bomb attacks on two Coptic churches on Palm Sunday. The first bombing, in Tanta killed at least 27 people. The second in Alexandria hit Saint Mark's Cathedral, the historic seat of the Coptic Pope, killing 16 people. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attacks.
    (Reuters, 4/9/17)(AP, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 11, Egypt's parliament unanimously approved a three-month state of emergency, broadening the power of authorities to crack down on what it called enemies of the state days after two church bombings killed at least 45.
    (Reuters, 4/11/17)

2017        Apr 15, A, Egyptian court sentenced Habib al-Adly, Hosni Mubarak's last minister of interior, to seven years in prison for embezzlement of public funds. 12 other former ministry officials were also sentenced for the embezzlement of over LE2 billion ($110.3 million) of the ministry's funds.
    (AP, 4/15/17)
2017        Apr 15, In Egypt one person was killed and 17 were injured when the driver of a vehicle used in sewage system maintenance in a Cairo suburb accidentally struck a main gas pipeline, causing an explosion.
    (AP, 4/15/17)

2017        Apr 16, In Egypt a Cairo court acquitted Aya Hijazi, an Egyptian-American woman, and seven others who worked with street children and had been detained for nearly three years on human trafficking charges. She and her husband Mohamed Hassanein had founded Belady, an NGO that promotes a better life for street children.
    (Reuters, 4/16/17)

2017        Apr 18, In Egypt charity worker Aya Hijazi, an Egyptian-American woman, was released from prison after nearly three years of detention. Hijazi and her husband had established a foundation to aid street children, but were arrested along with six others in 2014. It was not immediately clear whether her co-defendants were also released.
    (AP, 4/19/17)
2017        Apr 18, In Egypt militants attacked a checkpoint near the famed St. Catherine's Monastery in south Sinai. The attack was claimed by IS. One militant was killed.
    (AP, 4/20/17)

2017        Apr 20, Egypt and Sudan said they will not harbor or support opposition groups fighting their respective governments, as top diplomats of the two countries vowed to boost bilateral ties.
    (AFP, 4/20/17)
2017        Apr 20, Egypt’s military said its forces killed 21 extremists, at least 19 of them in an airstrike, including three senior figures of the Islamic State group's affiliate in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/20/17)

2017        Apr 23, Egyptian Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi received a royal welcome from King Salman as he landed in Saudi Arabia for a visit to boost ties after months of tension.
    (AFP, 4/23/17)

2017        Apr 24, An Egyptian court upheld death sentences against 20 suspected Islamists convicted of murder in the deaths of 15 people, including 11 police, during an attack on a police station in 2013. A final verdict will be delivered on June 2.
    (AP, 4/24/17)

2017        Apr 25, In Egypt an Islamic State suicide bomber attacked a tribal checkpoint in northern Sinai and killed four members of the Tarabeen tribe. Members of the local tribe burned alive a suspected Islamic State militant.
    (AP, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 27, Egypt’s Pres. El-Sissi ratified much-contested legal amendments that effectively give him power over the country's courts, as he will be the one appointing heads of judicial bodies.
    (AP, 4/28/17)

2017        Apr 28, Pope Francis arrived in Cairo and urged Egypt's leading imams to teach their students to reject violence in God's name and preach messages of peace and tolerance instead.
    (AP, 4/28/17)

2017        Apr 30, An Egyptian court has sentenced a hard-line cleric to death in absentia on charges of establishing a "terror group" after the 2013 overthrow of an elected Islamist president. Wagdi Ghoneim, who currently lives in Turkey and is an outspoken supporter of ousted President Mohammed Morsi, dismissed the ruling, saying he had not been in Egypt since 2001.
    (AP, 4/30/17)

2017        May 1, In Egypt militants killed three policemen and injured five others in a shooting in Cairo late today.
    (Reuters, 5/2/17)

2017        May 2, In Egypt the powerful Tarabeen tribe in the Sinai Peninsula said it has killed eight suspected Islamic State fighters in battle and captured three more.
    (AP, 5/2/17)

2017        May 6, In Egypt the decapitated bodies of a father and his two sons recently kidnapped by Islamic militants were found lying in the street in the northern Sinai town of Rafah. The mother of the two siblings was killed last week by militants from the Islamic State group when they raided the family home in the village of Yamit, west of Rafah, and kidnapped the three men. The Interior Minsitry said two armed men suspected of making bombs were killed in a shoot-out with security forces in an area north of Cairo.
    (AP, 5/6/17)(Reuters, 5/6/17)
2017        May 6, In Egypt official media reported that Ahmed Hosny, the head of Egypt's Al-Azhar university, has been replaced after describing a leading Islamic researcher as an apostate. Al-Azhar university is the 1,000-year-old seat of Sunni Muslim learning.
    (Reuters, 5/6/17)
2017        May 6, In Egypt gunmen late today shot dead Nabil Saber Ayoub (50), a Christian man, inside a barbershop in northern Sinai. The killing in the coastal city of el-Arish came one day after IS warned it would escalate attacks against Christians.
    (AP, 5/7/17)

2017        May 7, Egypt passed an investment law designed to lure foreign investors. Administrative details were expected to take months to iron out.
    (Econ 5/13/17, p.41)

2017        May 8, An Egyptian court sentenced the Muslim Brotherhood's supreme guide Mohamed Badie to life in prison for "planning violent attacks" in a retrial.
    (AFP, 5/8/17)

2017        May 10, In Egypt Islamic extremists ambushed local tribesmen manning a checkpoint south of Rafah in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula. 12 members of the Tarabeen tribe were reported killed.
    (SFC, 5/11/17, p.A2)(Reuters, 5/14/17)

2017        May 13, Judges from one of the Egyptian judiciary's three main branches voted to defy a newly adopted and widely disputed law giving the president a degree of control over the judiciary, nominating as head of their branch a judge who ruled against a government decision to surrender two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 5/14/17)

2017        May 14, In Egypt a military colonel was killed and three recruits injured when their armored vehicle was hit by an explosion in the Sinai peninsula.
    (Reuters, 5/14/17)

2017        May 21, Egypt referred 48 people to the country's military judiciary for suspected involvement in three deadly church bombings and accused them of joining the militant group Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 5/21/17)

2017        May 24, Egyptian prosecutors ordered the release on bail of opposition leader Khaled Ali, accused of publicly making an obscene finger gesture in January.
    (AP, 5/24/17)

2017        May 25, Egyptian security officials said separate attacks in restive northern Sinai peninsula where Islamic militants are active have left four security personnel dead.
    (AP, 5/25/17)
2017        May 25, Egypt’s government blocked access to the websites of Mada Masr, the country’s leading liberal newspaper, and those of 20 other media outlets.
    (Econ 6/10/17, p.14)    

2017        May 26, In Egypt an attack by masked gunmen on a bus carrying Christians to the St. Samuel Monastery in the Minya governorate south of Cairo, killed 28 people, including many children.
    (AP, 5/26/17)
2017        May 26, Egyptian fighter jets carried out six air strikes directed at camps in Libya which Cairo says have been training militants who killed 29 Coptic Christians and wounded 24 in a shooting spree in the Egyptian province of Minya.
    (Reuters, 5/27/17)

2017        May 29, Egypt announced a $2.49 billion package of income tax discounts, bonuses for state employees, increased pension payments and cash subsidies for lower and middle income Egyptians to cope with soaring inflation.
    (AP, 5/29/17)
2017        May 29, Egyptian jets carried out air strikes on the Libyan city of Derna, pressing home attacks against Islamist militants Egypt says were responsible for ambushing and killing Egyptian Christians last week.
    (Reuters, 5/29/17)

2017        May 30, Sudan said its Cabinet has ratified a ban on the import of Egyptian animal and agricultural products, a development that's certain to deepen months of tension between the two neighbors over a long-running border dispute.
    (AP, 5/30/17)   

2017        Jun 5, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Yemen, the Maldives and Egypt cut ties with Qatar, the world's top seller of liquefied natural gas (LNG), stoking concern over any supply disruptions to neighboring countries spilling over into global gas markets. They accused Qatar of supporting extremism.
    (Reuters, 6/5/17)

2017        Jun 14, Egypt's parliament approved a controversial maritime agreement with Saudi Arabia that transfers two Red Sea islands to the kingdom. The deal is still under challenge in court.
    (AFP, 6/14/17)

2017        Jun 15, A senior constitutional panel in Egypt published a report concluding that two courts, which ruled to annul an agreement to transfer control of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, acted within their jurisdiction.
    (AP, 6/15/17)

2017        Jun 17, An Egyptian criminal court sentenced to death 31 Islamists for their part in the June 2015 assassination of the country's top prosecutor, Hisham Barakat.
    (AP, 6/17/17)

2017        Jun 18, In Egypt a roadside bomb killed a policeman and wounded four others on a highway on the southern outskirts of Cairo.
    (AFP, 6/18/17)

2017        Jun 20, GE Transportation said it has signed a $575 million deal with Egypt's national railway system to provide 100 locomotives. Most of the company's international locomotives are built in Erie, Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 6/20/17)

2017        Jun 21, Egypt began delivering a million liters of fuel to Gaza, temporarily easing a crisis that has left the Palestinian enclave's two million residents with only a few hours of electricity per day.
    (AFP, 6/21/17)
2017        Jun 21, Egypt's top court temporarily halted all verdicts on a contested deal to transfer two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia until it decides who has jurisdiction.
    (Reuters, 6/21/17)

2017        Jun 22, Egypt Interior Ministry said police have killed seven people in a desert training camp in connection to recent violence against Christians that included three church bombings and a shooting which left around 100 people dead.
    (Reuters, 6/22/17)
2017        Jun 22, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirate issued an ultimatum to Qatar. The 13-point list included closing Al Jazeera television, curbing ties with Iran and shutting a Turkish base and pay reparations, demands so far reaching it would appear to be hard for Doha to comply.
    (Reuters, 6/23/17)

2017        Jun 23, Egyptian state media said President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has pardoned 502 prisoners before the Eid al-Fitr holiday. They included prominent businessman Hesham Talaat Moustafa, who had been sentenced to 15 years in prison for hiring a hitman to kill Lebanese pop star Suzanne Tamim in 2008.
    (AP, 6/23/17)

2017        Jun 27, Egypt said its warplanes struck a convoy of 12 vehicles about to be driven across the border from Libya carrying weapons and ammunition.
    (AFP, 6/27/17)

2017        Jun 29, Egypt raised the prices of fuel by up to 55 percent, the second such increase since the local currency was floated seven months ago, as the country struggles with an array of economic woes including a double-digit inflation rate.
    (AP, 6/29/17)

2017        Jul 2, An Egyptian court sentenced 20 people to death for their part in the August 2013 massacre of more than a dozen policemen in Kerdassah, a village west of Cairo.  The court also sentenced 80 to life imprisonment, 34 to 15 years in prison, and a minor to 10 years. 20 were acquitted, while four others were referred back to prosecutors.
    (AP, 7/2/17)

2017        Jul 4, Egypt's parliament approved President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's decision to extend a nationwide state of emergency for an additional three months. A police officer and two conscripts were killed by a roadside bomb in the Sinai.
    (Reuters, 7/4/17)

2017        Jul 5, In Egypt a "terrorist" opened fire on a toll booth south of Cairo, killing two retired officers and an active duty soldier.
    (AP, 7/5/17)
2017        Jul 5, Egyptian police detained scores of Uighur students, including 20 from Cairo's Al-Azhar University who were stopped in the city of Alexandria on their way out of the country late today and told they would be deported to China. An activist said overseas groups had managed to move 60 Uighur students out of Egypt to safety in Turkey this week but 20 were held while trying to fly to Dubai.
    (AP, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 6, Egypt raised electricity prices by more than 40 percent, its latest move on the road to lifting all subsidies and complying with demands by the International Monetary Fund for a $12 billion bailout loan. The rise came a week after the government raised gasoline prices by up to 55 percent and doubled the price of the household staple butane canisters, used for cooking.
    (AP, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 7, In Egypt Islamic militants launched their latest attack on the military, unleashing a suicide car bomb and machine gun fire on two checkpoints in northeastern Sinai that killed at least 23 security troops. Family members said three Egyptians who worked at a building site in the Western Desert were killed earlier this week by an airstrike from a military aircraft in what appears to have been an accident.
    (AP, 7/7/17)(AP, 7/8/17)
2017        Jul 7, In Egypt Capt. Ibrahim Azazi was gunned down while heading to a mosque in the Nile Delta province of Qalyoubiya, part of Greater Cairo. The Hasm militant group claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 7/8/17)

2017        Jul 8, Egyptian state news said security forces have killed two men, members of a newly emerged militant group called Hasm, in an exchange of gunfire in Giza.
    (Reuters, 7/8/17)
2017        Jul 8, In Egypt an explosive device struck a police vehicle late today in the northern Sinai town of al-Arish, killing two conscripts and wounding nine others.
    (AP, 7/9/17)
2017        Jul 8, In Libya the bodies of 19 migrants, believed to be Egyptians, were found in the eastern desert south of Tobruk.
    (Reuters, 7/9/17)

2017        Jul 9, Egypt’s Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas met in Cairo amid signs of a rapprochement between Cairo and the Islamic militant Hamas group. Abbas had requested the meeting to seek clarifications on what appears to be an emerging power-sharing agreement between Gaza's Hamas rulers and an exiled Abbas rival, former Gaza strongman Mohammed Dahlan.
    (AP, 7/9/17)

2017        Jul 10, Egyptian police killed six militants who allegedly adhered to the Islamic State group's beliefs when a gunfight erupted during a raid on their Nile valley hideout.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 11, In Egypt a member of a violent group suspected of links to the now-banned Muslim Brotherhood was killed in a shootout with security forces in Fayoum province. Two others, belonging to the Brotherhood's breakaway faction Hasm (decisiveness), escaped.
    (AP, 7/11/17)

2017        Jul 14, In Egypt five policemen were shot to death in Cairo's twin city of Giza when suspected Islamic militants opened fire on their vehicle. Abdel Rahman Shaban Abokorah (29) killed two German women and wounded four other tourists at the popular Red Sea resort of Hurghada. A Czech woman later died of her injuries. Abokorah was chased down and arrested. Security sources later said Abokorah had tried to join Islamic State.
    (AP, 7/14/17)(Reuters, 7/15/17)(SSFC, 7/16/17, p.A5)(Reuters, 7/30/17)

2017        Jul 16, Egyptian police clashed with residents on al-Waraq Nile River island in Cairo while attempting to clear residents using state land without permission. One person was killed and ten residents were arrested.
    (SFC, 7/17/17, p.A4)

2017        Jul 17, In Egypt suspected Islamic militants attacked police in el-Arish, northern Sinai Peninsula, killing five of them and wounding another five.
    (AP, 7/17/17)
2017        Jul 17, Egypt’s Foreign Ministry said it will end visa-free entry for Qatari nationals with some exceptions, the latest measure taken against Doha which Cairo and three Gulf governments are boycotting.
    (Reuters, 7/17/17)

2017        Jul 20, In Egypt gunmen attacked a three-car police convoy on the main Cairo-to-Fayoum road killing one policeman and injuring three others.
    (AP, 7/21/17)

2017        Jul 22, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court sentenced to death 28 people over the 2015 killing of Egypt's top prosecutor and handed 15 others jail sentences of 25 years each.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court sentenced to death 28 people over the 2015 killing of Hisham Barakat, Egypt's top prosecutor, and handed 15 others jail sentences of 25 years each.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)(SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A3)

2017        Jul 23, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said his government would keep up a blockade of Qatar by four Arab states over charges it supports terrorism, in defiance of international efforts to end the crisis.
    (Reuters, 7/24/17)

2017        Jul 24, In Egypt seven civilians, including two young children, were killed by a car bomb that exploded at a security checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 7/25/17)

2017        Jul 25, The EU and Egypt pledged to work together to develop the country's economy, promote stability, counter extremism and manage migrant flows.
    (AP, 7/25/17)

2017        Jul 26, Egypt's president announced the formation of a new body to confront terrorism and extremism that includes the country's top officials. The National Council to Confront Terrorism and Extremism will be comprised of 10 Egyptian government ministers, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, the Coptic Pope, Egypt's former Grand Mufti and parliament's speaker. It will be chaired by el-Sissi.
    (AP, 7/27/17)
2017        Jul 26, Egypt's Interior Ministry said security forces have killed four suspects who were behind the killing of five policemen on July 14 in an attack near Cairo.
    (AP, 7/26/17)

2017        Jul 29, An Egyptian criminal court sentenced eight people to death over charges of murder during an attack on a police station in a Cairo suburb in 2013.
    (AP, 7/29/17)

2017        Jul 30, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain met to discuss the diplomatic crisis with Qatar. They said the bloc will continue to keep current measures against Qatar in place, but are open to dialogue with the Gulf state if it shows a willingness to change course and complies with their demands.
    (AP, 7/30/17)

2017        Aug 8, Two Egyptian policemen were killed and one wounded when a group of wanted criminals opened fire on security forces in a village north of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 8/8/17)

2017        Aug 9, Egypt curtailed access to ration cards used by three-quarters of the country's 93 million people to buy subsidized food items, the latest move in the government's economic reform plan. The decree doesn't affect current card holders.
    (AP, 8/9/17)
2017        Aug 9, Four Egyptian policemen were killed in el-Arish, in the northern Sinai peninsula. The Islamic State group soon claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 8/10/17)

2017        Aug 10, In Egypt a supervising engineer on a hotel building site died after becoming involved in a brawl when he warned Italian tourist Ivan Pascal Moro not to enter a restricted area at the Red Sea resort of Marsa Alam.
    (Reuters, 8/12/17)

2017        Aug 11, In Egypt a train collision near the coastal city of Alexandria killed at least 43 people and injured 80 others.
    (AP, 8/11/17)(SFC, 8/12/17, p.A2)

2017        Aug 12, In Egypt two policemen were killed and six were injured late today after their vehicle was struck by an improvised explosive device in the town of el-Arish in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 8/13/17)

2017        Aug 13, In Egypt two suspected militants were killed in an exchange of fire with the police in a province outside the capital Cairo.
    (AP, 8/13/17)

2017        Aug 20, In Egypt a soldier and a policeman were killed in separate attacks by suspected Islamic militants in the turbulent north of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 8/21/17)

2017        Aug 24, Egypt's Interior Ministry said security forces have killed two members of a group with suspected links to the Muslim Brotherhood in a shootout at their hideout northwest of Cairo. It said the suspects were among the "most prominent cadres" of the Hasm movement.
    (AP, 8/24/17)

2017        Aug 28, Germany said it had reached a deal with Egypt to stem the flow of migrants from the Arab country, part of a broader push by Berlin to head off waves of migrants that have stoked domestic political tensions.
    (Reuters, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 29, The foreign ministers of Romania and Egypt met in Bucharest to discuss ways to manage the flow of migrants, fighting terrorism and resolving conflicts in Syria and Libya. Romania and Egypt signed three agreements to enhance cooperation.
    (AP, 8/29/17)

2017        Aug 30, It was reported that Egypt has put the names of more than 350 people, including prominent Muslim Brotherhood figures, on its terrorism list. The designation, announced over two days this week in the official Gazette, bans those on the list from travel, puts them on a watch list and grants authorities the right to freeze their assets.
    (AP, 8/30/17)

2017        Sep 1, Egypt's Ministry of Civil Aviation said British authorities have lifted a ban on carry-on electronic devices on planes arriving from Cairo airport.
    (Reuters, 9/1/17)

2017        Sep 7, Human Rights Watch released a report saying Egyptian Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has give a “green light" to systematic torture inside detention facilities.
    (SFC, 9/7/17 p.A2)

2017        Sep 10, Egyptian police raided two adjacent apartments used as hideouts by members of the Hasm splinter faction of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, killing 10 of them in a shootout.
    (AP, 9/10/17)
2017        Sep 10, Egyptian authorities arrested Ibrahim Metwally, a lawyer whose human rights group opposes enforced disappearances and is linked to one such case involving murdered Italian student Giulio Regeni (d.2015). Metwally was remanded in custody for two weeks on suspicion of "dealing with foreign parties" and "spreading false news".
    (AFP, 9/13/17)

2017        Sep 11, In Egypt at least 18 policemen were killed and three injured in an attack claimed by Islamic State on a security convoy in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 9/11/17)
2017        Sep 11, South Korea's Yonhap news agency reported that Egypt's defense minister, on a visit to Seoul, announced that his country has cut military ties with North Korea.
    (AP, 9/12/17)

2017        Sep 13, In Egypt two soldiers and six jihadists were killed in a "foiled" suicide bombing in Sinai.
    (AFP, 9/13/17)

2017        Sep 16, An Egyptian court sentenced ousted president Mohammed Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood to 25 years in prison in a final ruling over a case accusing him of spying for Qatar. Mursi was already serving a 20-year sentence after being convicted for the killing of protesters during demonstrations in 2012.
    (Reuters, 9/16/17)
2017        Sep 16, An Egyptian court condemned to death seven people for membership of the Islamic State group and over the beheading in Libya of 21 Christians in Feb 2015, all but one of them from Egypt. Of the seven defendants, three were sentenced to death in absentia.
    (AFP, 9/16/17)

2017        Sep 18, Egypt's Finance Minister says the country will face a $10 to $12 billion budget shortfall for the current 2017-18 fiscal year, and plans expanded foreign debt issuance to overcome it.
    (AP, 9/18/17)

2017        Sep 19, Egypt said it will host the reorganization of Libya's army, currently an eastern-based force led by Gen. Khalifa Hifter.
    (AP, 9/19/17)

2017        Sep 20, An Egyptian court ordered the detention of 24 Nubians for 15 days pending investigation for participating in a protest earlier this month. Nubians are an ethnic minority.
    (AP, 9/20/17)

2017        Sep 22, In Egypt audience members waved rainbow flags during a performance by Mashrou’ Leila, a popular Lebanese band whose lead singer is openly gay. Seven people were later arrested on charges of promoting homosexuality.
    (SFC, 9/27/17, p.A2)

2017        Sep 25, In Egypt rights lawyer and opposition activist Khaled Ali was convicted of making an obscene finger gesture outside a Cairo courthouse in January, where he and other lawyers had won a case against the government, blocking its attempt to hand over control of the two islands to Saudi Arabia under a 2016 agreement.
    (AP, 9/26/17)

2017        Sep 27, Egyptian courts sentenced 30 people to terms ranging between three years and life in prison on violence-related charges.
    (AP, 9/27/17)

2017        Sep 28, An Egyptian court has sentenced 16 people, including the head of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, to life in prison on violence-related charges. The court also sentenced 77 other defendants to 15 years imprisonment on the same charges, which include a 2013 attack on a police vehicle in a city south of Cairo.
    (AP, 9/28/17)
2017        Sep 28, Egypt said its air force has hit 10 four-wheel-drive vehicles carrying arms, ammunition and contraband at its western borders with Libya.
    (AP, 9/28/17)

2017        Sep 30, Egypt said its population stands at nearly 95 million, in addition to an estimated 9.4 million who live abroad, according to the latest census figures.
    (AP, 9/30/17)
2017        Sep 30, Amnesty International said six Egyptian men arrested for "promoting sexual deviancy" and "debauchery" on social media will be subjected to anal examinations ahead of their Oct. 1 trial.
    (Reuters, 9/30/17)

2017        Oct 1, Hamas freed five prisoners belonging to the rival Fatah party and Egypt sent a delegation to the Gaza Strip to oversee the Islamist group's planned handover of administrative control of the Palestinian enclave to a unity government.
    (Reuters, 10/1/17)

2017        Oct 2, Egypt’s police killed three suspected militant members of Hasm, a breakaway faction of the Muslim Brotherhood group in a shootout in a southern Cairo suburb.
    (AP, 10/2/17)

2017        Oct 3, Security officials said Egypt has stepped up a crackdown on people suspected of homosexuality, arresting a total of 27 in a little more than a week.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Egyptian police arrested seven Nubians who were protesting outside a courthouse in Aswan against a judge's decision to extend the detention of relatives and friends who were also detained for protesting. A judge had extended by 15 days the detention of 25 Nubians arrested in September for staging a peaceful protest to demand that they be allowed to return to their ancestral land around the man-made lake behind the Aswan High Dam.
    (AP, 10/4/17)

2017        Oct 9, Egypt’s military began a new phase in clearing a buffer zone along the Gaza Strip border, 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) wide and 10 km (6 miles) long. At least 140 homes and more than 200 acres were bulldozed.
    (AP, 10/10/17)

2017        Oct 12, Egypt extended its state of emergency for yet another three months, according to a decision from President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
    (AP, 10/12/17)

2017        Oct 13, The UN human rights office said Azerbaijan, Egypt and Indonesia have all unjustly arrested dozens of people during anti-gay crackdowns in recent weeks, subjecting many to mistreatment in custody.
    (Reuters, 10/13/17)

2017        Oct 15, In Egypt at least 24 militants and six soldiers were killed in attacks on military outposts in North Sinai.
    (Reuters, 10/16/17)

2017        Oct 16, In Egypt three policemen, one security guard and a civilian were killed and a number of other people injured in an attack by militants on a bank branch in Arish in North Sinai province.
    (Reuters, 10/16/17)

2017        Oct 19, Egyptian authorities released high-profile Irish detainee Ibrahim Halawa following his acquittal last month of charges including murder, in a four-year mass trial criticized by human rights groups.
    (Reuters, 10/20/17)
2017        Oct 19, Egyptian lawyer Nabih el-Wahsh said on a TV talk show that harassing or raping women wearing ripped jeans is a "national duty." On Nov. 2 Egypt's highest women's rights body said it has filed a complaint to the top prosecutor seeking legal action against El-Wahsh.
    (AP, 11/2/17)

2017        Oct 20, In Egypt at least 54 policemen, including 20 officers and 34 conscripts, were killed late today when a raid on a militant hideout southwest of Cairo escalated into an all-out firefight. 15 militants were also reported killed or injured.
    (AP, 10/21/17)
2017        Oct 20, In Egypt Islamic militants ambushed police near the Bahariya Oasis, about 135 km (84 miles) southwest of Cairo, killing at least 16 policemen. On Nov. 3 Ansar al-Islam, a previously unknown Egyptian militant group, claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/3/17)

2017        Oct 23, The Egyptian military said its air force hit eight four-wheel-drive vehicles carrying arms and explosives at its western border with Libya, killing the militants on board.
    (Reuters, 10/23/17)

2017        Oct 24, In France Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi met with President Emmanuel Macron as part of a three-day visit focusing on economic cooperation and the fight against extremism.
    (AP, 10/24/17)

2017        Oct 25, An Egyptian court sentenced policeman Samir Hani to seven years in prison for torturing worker Talaat el-Rashidi to death in the Luxor police station after he was arrested in front of a coffee shop for possession of narcotics. The court also handed down three-year sentences to five other policemen involved in the case.
    (AP, 10/25/17)

2017        Oct 26, An Egyptian court sentenced Osama Morsi, a son of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, to three years in prison for possession of a knife.
    (AP, 10/26/17)

2017        Oct 27, Egyptian security forces killed 13 militants in a shootout in the New Valley province in the country's western desert.
    (AP, 10/27/17)

2017        Oct 29, In Egypt suspected militants targeted a police vehicle in the turbulent northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing two conscripts.
    (AP, 10/29/17)

2017        Oct 30, In Libya Egyptian airstrikes on the eastern city of Darna killed dozens of civilians, including an entire family, an operation condemned by the UN due to the high civilian death toll.
    (AP, 10/31/17)(Reuters, 10/31/17)

2017        Oct 31, Egyptian military air strikes destroyed three vehicles loaded with weapons, ammunition and explosives, and killed a "large number" of militants in the western desert. Four civilians were reported killed when a mortar shell hit their tractor in el-Arish.
    (AP, 10/31/17)(SFC, 11/1/17, p.A2)

2017        Nov 1, Hamas handed over control of Gaza's border crossings with Israel and Egypt to the internationally recognized Palestinian Authority.
    (AP, 11/1/17)

2017        Nov 2, Scientists using cosmic-ray imaging reported the discovery of a hidden chamber in Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza, in what would be the first such discovery in the structure since the 19th century and one likely to spark a new surge of interest in the pharaohs. The pyramid is also known as Khufu's Pyramid for its builder, a 4th Dynasty pharaoh.
    (AP, 11/2/17)
2017        Nov 2, The European Court of Human Rights blocked Cypriot authorities from extraditing Egyptian hijacker Seif Eddin Mustafa to his homeland until it can examine the case. Mustafa hijacked a domestic EgyptAir flight in March 2016 using a fake suicide belt and diverted it to Cyprus.
    (AP, 11/2/17)

2017        Nov 3, Britain, Canada, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands issued a statement late today critical of Egypt’s detention of Ibrahim Metwaly, who was helping investigate the 2016 murder of Italian student Giulio Regeni. Metwaly was taken by airport security in September while heading to Geneva to attend a UN conference on enforced disappearances.
    (Reuters, 11/5/17)

2017        Nov 4, It was reported that an Egyptian court has convicted female TV presenter Doaa Salah of inciting immorality for offering on-air advice to women last July on how to be single mothers, sentencing her to three years in prison. Her imprisonment was suspended pending an appeal and she remained free.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, In Egypt prominent Nubian activist Gamal Sorour, arrested last month for taking part in a peaceful protest, died following a diabetic coma while in detention in Aswan. Sorour was among 25 Nubians arrested in Aswan in early September for staging a peaceful Nile-side protest.
    (AP, 11/5/17)

2017        Nov 8, An Egyptian appeals court upheld a five-year jail term for Alaa Abdel Fattah, a leading dissident in the 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and opponent of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, for holding a protest deemed illegal.
    (AFP, 11/8/17)
2017        Nov 8, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said Islamic State militants are making their way to his country via Libya after the defeat of the extremist group in Syria and Iraq.
    (AP, 11/9/17)

2017        Nov 9, Egyptian security officials said police have arrested 10 Nubians for taking part in protests the past two nights over the recent death in detention of a prominent Nubian activist in the southern city of Aswan.
    (AP, 11/9/17)   
2017        Nov 9, In Egypt suspected militants shot dead at least nine truck drivers in the Sinai region late today when they targeted a transport convoy, setting the vehicles on fire.
    (Reuters, 11/10/17)

2017        Nov 11, Egyptian military said jets have destroyed 10 vehicles carrying weapons, ammunition and smuggled goods near the country's western desert border with Libya.
    (Reuters, 11/11/17)

2017        Nov 15, In Egypt leaders of the local musicians union said Sherine Abdel-Wahab, a famous Arab singer, has been banned from performing in her native Egypt after advising a fan against drinking from the Nile River.
    (AP, 11/15/17)
2017        Nov 15, In Egypt Mohamed Badie, the leader of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood movement, lost his appeal against a life sentence for his role in violent clashes during political turmoil in 2013. The court also upheld life sentences against seven other people and handed 10-year sentences to 39 and three-year sentences to 19 others.
    (Reuters, 11/15/17)

2017        Nov 16, Egypt's armed forces said that they have killed three "high-level" suspected militants and arrested 74 others in sweeps in the troubled northern Sinai Peninsula in recent days.
    (AP, 11/16/17)

2017        Nov 17, Egypt’s public prosecutor ordered that Abdelrahim Mohamed al-Mesmari, a suspected Libyan militant, and 14 others be held for 15 days pending an investigation of their role in a deadly attack in Egypt's western desert last month.
    (Reuters, 11/17/17)

2017        Nov 18, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, for the second time in as many days, delivered a stern warning to Ethiopia over a dam it is building after the two countries along with Sudan failed to approve a study on its potential effects.
    (AP, 11/18/17)
2017        Nov 18, Egypt opened its largely sealed border with Gaza after a reconciliation agreement with Hamas gave the Palestinian Authority control over the crossing for the first time since 2007.
    (AFP, 11/18/17)

2017        Nov 19, In Egypt Saudi Arabia and other Arab foreign ministers held an emergency meeting in Cairo to discuss ways to confront Iran and its Lebanese Shi'ite ally Hezbollah, who the Arab allies say are interfering in their internal affairs.
    (Reuters, 11/19/17)

2017        Nov 21, The leaders of Cyprus, Egypt and Greece met in Cyprus and pledged closer cooperation on migration. They also sought to get the European Union more actively engaged in efforts to get a grip on migration, much of which stems from war-torn Syria and Libya.
    (AP, 11/21/17)
2017        Nov 21, Human Rights Watch urged Egypt and the United Arab Emirates to reveal the whereabouts of an Egyptian prisoner who has disappeared, apparently after serving his prison sentence in the Emirati capital. Abdel Aziz was arrested in 2014 in Abu Dhabi and sentenced to three years on charges of joining the Islah Party and the Muslim Brotherhood. He was to be released on Oct. 20 but, his family was told he was deported to Egypt.
    (AP, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 22, In Egypt the 13 largest Palestinian political parties agreed to a three-page document that offered little substantive change, with no steps agreed on key points of difference. It called for Pres. Abbas to organize elections by the end of 2018 and backed the October 12 Fatah-Hamas agreement.
    (AP, 11/23/17)

2017        Nov 24, In Egypt armed attackers killed at least 235 worshippers in a bomb and gun assault on the packed Rawda mosque, frequented by Sufis, in the North Sinai province. The death toll soon rose to 305, including 27 children, and 128 people injured.
    (AFP, 11/24/17)(Reuters, 11/25/17)

2017        Nov 27, Johannesburg-based organization Civicus announced that Egyptian rights campaigner Khaled el-Balsh has won the Nelson Mandela award for individual activism for 2017. Civicus, which operates in 145 countries around the world, began granting the awards named after Nelson Mandela and his wife Graça Machel in 2005.
    (AP, 11/28/17)

2017        Nov 28, Egypt’s interior ministry said security forces have killed 11 suspected "terrorist elements" during a raid on a hideout for militants providing support for jihadists in the northern Sinai.
    (AFP, 11/28/17)

2017        Nov 30, Russia's government published a draft agreement between Russia and Egypt allowing both countries to use each other's air space and air bases for their military planes. The draft was set out in a decree, signed by PM Dmitry Medvedev on Nov. 28.
    (Reuters, 11/30/17)

2017        Nov, Egyptian police raided a tiny alternative film venue in Cairo to prevent the screening of a thriller critical of law enforcement that has been banned. The officers prevented "The Nile Hilton Incident" from being played in a makeshift, 25-seat theater because it was a downloaded copy that didn't have government permission to be shown.
    (AP, 11/29/17)

2017        Dec 2, Former Egyptian prime minister Ahmed Shafik, who last week announced his intention of running for the presidency in 2018, was taken from his home in the United Arab Emirates and deported to Egypt.
    (Reuters, 12/2/17)

2017        Dec 4, Ragia Omran, a prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, was among 15 rights defenders from around the world to receive the Franco-German Prize for Human Rights and the Rule of Law, for her work representing political prisoners and torture victims as well as advocating for women's rights.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9acyam7)(AP, 12/7/17)
2017        Dec 4, The UN voiced alarm over the spread of HIV in Egypt, where new cases were growing by up to 40% a years. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.
    (SFC, 12/5/17, p.A3)

2017        Dec 10, Arab foreign ministers meeting in Cairo demanded that the United States rescind President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, calling it a "grave" development that puts Washington on the same side as "occupation" and the violation of international law.
    (AP, 12/10/17)

2017        Dec 11, Egypt and Russia signed a final contract for the building of Egypt's first nuclear power plant, during a visit to Cairo by President Vladimir Putin.
    (AFP, 12/11/17)

2017        Dec 12, In Egypt prominent activist and opposition figure Islam Marei was sentenced to three years over his criticism of the government's decision to transfer control over two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 12/14/17)

2017        Dec 13, Egyptian police arrested three members of presidential hopeful Ahmed Shafik's Egyptian National Movement and charged them with spreading false information harmful to national security.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)

2017        Dec 14, The defense ministers of Cyprus, Egypt and Greece agreed to step up cooperation in combating drug, weapons and people trafficking in the east Mediterranean and to share information on countering the threat of terrorism.
    (AP, 12/14/17)

2017        Dec 15, Russia and Egypt signed a deal in Moscow to resume flights between Moscow and Cairo starting from February, after more than a two-year break.
    (AP, 12/15/17)

2017        Dec 16, Egypt reopened an ancient library which holds thousands of centuries-old religious and historical manuscripts at the famed St. Catherine Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage site, in South Sinai.
    (AP, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, Egypt opened its largely sealed border with Gaza for only the second time since the Palestinian Authority took control of the crossing from the territory's Islamist rulers Hamas. The crossing was expected to stay open for four days but, in the Egypt direction, for humanitarian cases only.
    (AFP, 12/16/17)

2017        Dec 19, An Egyptian military court sentenced army Col. Ahmed Konsowa (42) to six years in prison after he announced his intention to run against President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi in next year's elections.
    (AP, 12/19/17)
2017        Dec 19, In Egypt a missile attack targeted the el-Arish airport in the northern Sinai Peninsula during an unpublicized visit to the facility by the defense and interior ministers. An officer was killed and two others were wounded in the attack, which also damaged a helicopter. An Islamic State affiliate soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 12/20/17)

2017        Dec 20, Egyptian forces clashed with Islamic militants near the el-Arish airport. Five militants and an army captain were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 12/20/17)
2017        Dec 20, The latest review by the International Monetary Fund found that Egypt's economic reforms are on track, paving the way for the transfer of another $2 billion loan disbursement, part of a three-year, $12-billion bailout loan to support the country's battered economy.
    (AP, 12/21/17)

2017        Dec 22, In Egypt hundreds of Muslim demonstrators assaulted an unlicensed church south of Cairo, in the latest assault on members of the country's Coptic minority. The church in Giza, just outside of Cairo, was yet to be sanctioned by the state but has been observing prayers for 15 years. Authorities soon detained 15 people pending an investigation into the attack on the church.
    (AP, 12/23/17)(Reuters, 12/24/17)

2017        Dec 23, In Egypt a deadly road accident left 13 people dead and eight others injured when a small bus crashed into a truck on the main road connecting the southern city of Beni Suef to Cairo.
    (AP, 12/23/17)

2017        Dec 24, Egyptian security forces killed nine suspected militants in a shootout in the Nile Delta province of Sharqiya.
    (Reuters, 12/24/17)

2017        Dec 25, The union of Egyptian flight attendants angrily responded to criticism by lawmaker Galila Othman over the weight and age of some female attendants employed by the national carrier, saying her comments amounted to discrimination.
    (AP, 12/25/17)

2017        Dec 26, Egypt hanged 15 men convicted of attacks that killed security forces in the Sinai Peninsula, in what appeared to be the largest number of executions on a single day since President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took office in 2014.
    (Reuters, 12/26/17)
2017        Dec 26, An Egyptian court convicted a British woman Laura Plummer (33) of smuggling hundreds of powerful painkillers into the country, sentencing her to three years in prison. She has insisted the Tramadol tablets were for her Egyptian partner, who suffers chronic back pain.
    (AP, 12/26/17)
2017        Dec 26, Egypt’s state-run Al-Ahram newspaper reported the acquittal of Ismail Serrag el-Din, the founding director of the new Library of Alexandria, overturning a three-and-a-half year sentence on charges of squandering public funds.
    (AP, 12/27/17)

2017        Dec 28, In Egypt militants killed two people including a policeman at a bank in the North Sinai region and wounded several others.
    (Reuters, 12/28/17)

2017        Dec 29, In Egypt at least 10 people, including eight Coptic Christians, were killed in a shootout outside a church and at a nearby store owned by a Christian in the Cairo suburb of Mar Mina. The assailant and at least one policemen were among the dead.
    (AP, 12/29/17)

2017        Dec 30, An Egyptian court convicted former Islamist Pres. Mohammed Morsi and 19 others of insulting the judiciary, sentencing them to three years in prison in a court session aired on TV. Another court sentenced prominent activist and rights lawyer Mahinour el-Masry (31) to two years in prison over participating in an illegal protest against the government's transfer of two strategic Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 12/30/17)

2017        Dec 31, In Egypt a gunman on New Years’ eve killed two Coptic Christian brothers in an attack on a liquor store in Giza province on New Years’ eve.
    (AP, 1/1/18)

2017        In Egypt a $7.2 billion set of reclamation mega projects was scheduled for completion. The Toshka land reclamation project aimed to create 540,000 acres of new agricultural land.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.A16)
2017        Egypt’s official rate of inflation stood at 33%, and was likely understated.
    (Econ, 9/16/17, p.41)

2018        Jan 2, Egypt executed four alleged Islamic militants following their conviction by a military tribunal in the killing of three military academy students in a 2015 bomb attack.
    (AP, 1/2/18)

2018        Jan 3, In Egypt Laila Amer, a little-known female singer, was arrested for a racy video posted online. She was charged with violating public decency and inciting debauchery in the video, titled "Bos Omak," or "Look at Your Mother" a pun on a popular Arabic profanity.
    (AP, 1/4/18)

2018        Jan 5, In Egypt a hot air balloon crash near Luxor killed a South African tourist and injured several others. High winds and sandstorms swept the country, clouding the skies at Cairo's main airport and forcing the closure of a number of Red Sea ports.
    (Reuters, 1/6/18)

2018        Jan 6, In Egypt tens of thousands of soldiers and police were deployed across the country to beef up security for minority Christians and their churches on the eve of Orthodox Christmas.
    (AP, 1/6/18)
2018        Jan 6, Egypt’s official news agency said dozens of protesters have attacked a Cairo police station over reports that a detainee died in custody.
    (AP, 1/6/18)

2018        Jan 9, Egypt said security forces have killed eight suspected militants in a shootout in el-Arish city in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 1/9/18)
2018        Jan 9, An Egyptian court jailed 262 people from three years to life for security-related offences during a 2013 sit-in protest against the ousting of former president Mohamed Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 1/9/18)

2018        Jan 11, Egypt's highest appeals court overturned the conviction on corruption charges of former President Hosni Mubarak's longtime security chief.
    (AP, 1/11/18)

2018        Jan 13, In Egypt gunmen shot dead Bassem Attallah (35), a Christian man, in the turbulent north of the Sinai Peninsula, the latest attack to target members of the country's Christian minority.
    (AP, 1/14/18)
2018        Jan 13, Palestinian authorities said Gaza fisherman Abdullah Zidan (33) has died, a day after Egyptian naval forces shot him in Palestinian waters off Rafah.
    (AP, 1/13/18)

2018        Jan 20, Ethiopia's PM Hailemariam Desalegn rejected arbitration by the World Bank on a disagreement with Egypt over the hydroelectric dam that Ethiopia is building on the Nile River.
    (AP, 1/21/18)

2018        Jan 23, In Egypt former military chief of staff Lieutenant General Sami Anan, the last challenger seen as a potential threat to the re-election of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, was detained and halted his campaign after the army accused him of breaking the law by running for office without permission.
    (Reuters, 1/23/18)

2018        Jan 26, Five independent UN human rights experts said Egypt must stop executions until it has reviewed all death sentences and retry any convictions that are found to rest on unfair trials.
    (Reuters, 1/26/18)

2018        Jan 27, Egypt's former top auditor, Hesham Genena, suffered serious injuries to his face and leg during an apparent kidnapping attempt that turned into a brawl outside his suburban Cairo home. Passers-by apprehended the three attackers, but the drivers of the two cars were able to get away before police arrived at the scene. Two lawyers said they suspected the attackers to be repeat criminals retained by the police as thugs.
    (AP, 1/27/18)

2018        Jan 29, Egyptian researchers announced that a dinosaur skeleton from the Cretaceous period has been unearthed in Egypt's Western Desert. The new species of long-necked herbivore, around the size of a city bus, was named Mansourasaurus Shahinae.
    (AP, 2/6/18)

2018        Jan 30, A coalition of eight Egyptian opposition parties and some 150 pro-democracy public figures called on voters to boycott the March presidential election.
    (AP, 1/30/18)
2018        Jan 30, In Egypt the Cairo Criminal Court sentenced six alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to life in prison over charges including the attempted murder of soldiers and police. The court sentenced four other defendants to 15 years on similar charges, including belonging to a terrorist group, murder and planning attacks against the state. Another two defendants got five years in prison.
    (AP, 1/30/18)
2018        Jan 30, Three Egyptian security sources said that in recent months up to 30 more captains and lieutenants in the security forces have joined the al Qaeda linked Ansar al-Islam network, which is headed by one of the country's most wanted men, former special forces officer Hisham al-Ashmawy.
    (Reuters, 1/30/18)
2018        Jan 30, An Egyptian court imposed a $22 million fine on Qatari-owned sports broadcaster BeIN Sports and its chief executive for violating anti-trust regulations.
    (AFP, 1/30/18)

2018        Jan 31, An Egyptian court gave 15 people one-year suspended jail sentences over an attack last Dec. 22 on an unlicensed Coptic Church in a village south of Cairo. The Giza misdemeanor court also fined the owner of the building, a Christian man, 360,000 Egyptian pounds ($20,500) for turning his residency into a church without a license.
    (Reuters, 1/31/18)
2018        Jan 31, The US State Department labeled Egypt’s Hasm movement and Liwaa el-Thawra as "Specially Designated Global Terrorist" groups. Egyptian authorities believed they are splinter factions of the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist organization that Egypt has outlawed since 2013.
    (AP, 2/2/18)

2018        Feb 2, It was reported that the Egyptian army is bulldozing homes and olive groves to build a buffer zone around the airport in its troubled North Sinai Province, where Islamic State group militants targeted the defense and interior ministers in December.
    (AP, 2/2/18)
2018        Feb 2, In Egypt a crash involving several cars killed at least 11 people and wounded 32 others in Minya province, south of Cairo.
    (AP, 2/2/18)

2018        Feb 4, In Egypt a roadside bomb targeted a pickup truck carrying members of the security forces in the turbulent north of the Sinai Peninsula, killing two.
    (AP, 2/4/18)

2018        Feb 7, Egyptian officials opened the border with the Gaza Strip for the first time this year. Officials said the Rafah crossing point would operate for three days on a humanitarian basis.
    (AP, 2/7/18)

2018        Feb 8, Egyptian prosecutors ordered the detention for 15 days of Mohamed el-Kassas, a prominent opposition activist pending investigations into charges that include joining a terrorist group and disseminating fake news.
    (AP, 2/12/18)

2018        Feb 9, The Egyptian army announced the launch of a major operation against jihadists across swathes of territory including the Sinai Peninsula, heart of a persistent Islamic State group insurgency. The military destroyed dozens of targets, killed 16 militants and detained over 30 suspects as part of its latest operation against Islamic militants.
    (AFP, 2/9/18)(AP, 2/11/18)(SFC, 2/12/18, p.A3)

2018        Feb 11, In Egypt 33 supporters of the banned Muslim Brotherhood were sentenced to prison terms ranging from seven years to life over violent clashes that broke out at a protest in Cairo in 2014. Fifteen other people were acquitted in the same case.
    (Reuters, 2/11/18)

2018        Feb 12, The United States and Egypt reaffirmed their commitment to battle Islamic militants in the Middle East as US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson held talks with Egyptian officials in Cairo at the start of his week-long trip to the region.
    (AP, 2/12/18)

2018        Feb 13, Egyptian police took Hisham Genena, a former anti-corruption chief, to the military prosecutor's office. Genena had run the short-lived election campaign of former military chief of staff Sami Anan, who was detained last month and accused by the army of running for office without permission.
    (Reuters, 2/13/18)

2018        Feb 15, An Egyptian military spokesman said that military and police forces have killed a total of 53 Islamist militants and arrested 680 suspects in a week-long offensive to crush insurgents that is focused on the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 2/15/18)

2018        Feb 17, An Egyptian court sentenced 65 members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood to jail late today over alleged incitement against Egypt. Eight people were acquitted.
    (SFC, 2/19/18, p.A2)

2018        Feb 19, Egypt's military said three troops, including an officer, have been killed in restive Sinai in fighting with militants. Four militants were also reported killed.
    (AP, 2/19/18)
2018        Feb 19, Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu announced a "historic" $15 billion contract for sales of natural gas to Egypt.
    (AFP, 2/19/18)

2018        Feb 20, An Egyptian court put former presidential candidate Abdel Moneim Abol Fotouh (67) on a terrorism list, following his arrest for alleged contacts with the banned Muslim Brotherhood. The physician quit the Muslim Brotherhood in 2011 after disagreements over the role of religion in politics and founded the more centrist Strong Egypt party.
    (Reuters, 2/20/18)

2018        Feb 22, Egypt's military said seven troops have been killed so far in a massive security operation launched this month against Islamic militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula and other areas. 71 militants were also reported killed and five arrested.
    (AP, 2/22/18)
2018        Feb 22, An Egyptian court sentenced 21 people to death and seven others to up to life in prison over belonging to a group believed to be affiliated with the extremist Islamic State group. The court handed down life sentences — which in Egypt are equal to 25 years — to four defendants, and 15-year-sentences to three others.
    (AP, 2/22/18)

2018        Feb 27, Egypt's state media body called on officials and the "elite" to boycott the BBC after it broadcast a report on the repression of dissent under President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi that addressed torture and forced disappearances.
    (AP, 2/27/18)
2018        Feb 27, An Egyptian court sentenced pop star Sherine to six months in prison for suggesting drinking from the Nile River leads to illness, although she will remain free pending an appeal.
    (AFP, 2/27/18)
2018        Feb 27, In Egypt an officer and two soldiers were killed fighting militants in the Sinai Peninsula. Three other officers and four conscripts were wounded in the fighting that left 11 militants dead.
    (SFC, 2/28/18, p.A2)

2018        Feb 28, Egypt authorities arrested free-lance journalists May al-Sabbagh and Ahmed Moustafa as they prepared a report on the historic Alexandria tramway. The two were reportedly working on a report for the Al Bayan newspaper based in the United Arab Emirates. The two Egyptian citizens faced charges including belonging to an outlawed group and possession of visual and audio equipment with the intent to spread false news.
    (AP, 3/3/18)
2018        Feb 28, In northern Egypt a freight train and a passenger collided killing at least 15 people and injuring 15 others at Kom Hamada in Behaira province.
    (AFP, 2/28/18)(AP, 2/28/18)

2018        Feb, Egyptian authorities arrested British journalist Bel Trew (33) and expelled her from the country after threatening her with a military trial.
    (AP, 3/24/18)

2018        Mar 1, Egypt's military said two officers have been killed and two others wounded in fighting a part of a massive security operation against Islamic State group militants in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula and other areas. 13 militants were reported killed in an exchange of fire and 86 people arrested. The tally brings the army's death toll to 12 since the operation began on February 9.
    (AP, 3/1/18)

2018        Mar 2, In Egypt Mona Mahmoud Mohammed (aka Oum Zubeida), who angered authorities by accusing the police in a foreign news report of torturing her daughter, was arrested and ordered detained. Ezzat Ghoneim, the human rights lawyer who first publicly mentioned the mother's detention, went missing a day earlier.
    (AP, 3/2/18)

2018        Mar 3, Egypt's top court dismissed all outstanding legal challenges to a deal transferring two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, a day before a visit by its crown prince.
    (Reuters, 3/3/18)
2018        Mar 3, In Egypt a car crash left nine people dead and eight others wounded on a desert road connecting the capital Cairo and the city of Ismailia.
    (AP, 3/3/18)

2018        Mar 4, Egypt's military said four soldiers and 10 jihadists have been killed in a military operation in Sinai against Islamic State group jihadists.
    (AFP, 3/4/18)
2018        Mar 4, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman landed in Cairo at the start of his first foreign tour as heir to the throne.
    (AFP, 3/4/18)

2018        Mar 5, Egypt gave a warm welcome to Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (32), with military fanfare and a trip to the Suez Canal meant to underline a growing strategic partnership.
    (AP, 3/5/18)

2018        Mar 7, Germany deported a group of Egyptians to Cairo over violations of residency requirements, including those whose asylum requests were rejected.
    (AP, 3/8/18)

2018        Mar 8, Egypt’s military said 16 troops have been killed and 19 wounded since a wide-scale operation against Islamic militants was launched a month ago. 105 militants were also reported killed and more than 2,800 people arrested, with many later released.
    (AP, 3/8/18)

2018        Mar 11, Egypt's military said that 16 jihadists, an officer and a soldier were killed in the past four days during a major military operation against Islamic State group jihadists in Sinai.
    (AFP, 3/11/18)

2018        Mar 16, Egypt's national carrier EgyptAir said it would resume direct flights between Cairo and Moscow, three years after they were halted following the bombing of a Russian charter jet over the Sinai.
    (AFP, 3/16/18)

2018        Mar 19, Egypt's Abdel Fattah al-Sisi met with Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir in Cairo. Bashir welcomed Sisi's bid for re-election in his first visit to Egypt since 2016. Both leaders agreed to strengthen ties and work together to bolster trade, military and energy cooperation.
    (Reuters, 3/19/18)

2018        Mar 21, An Egyptian court sentenced in absentia nine alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to life imprisonment for forming a "terrorist cell" to plot attacks on security forces and other institutions. The Cairo Criminal Court also sentenced another 13 defendants to 10 years each on similar charges. These suspects were in custody and their sentences can be appealed.
    (AP, 3/21/18)

2018        Mar 24, In Egypt a bomb placed under a car exploded in Alexandria, killing two people including a policeman, two days before presidential elections. The bombing targeted Alexandria's security chief, police Major General Mostafa al-Nemr.
    (Reuters, 3/24/18)

2018        Mar 25, Egyptian authorities said police killed six militants believed to be involved in a weekend bombing in the coastal city of Alexandria that killed two policemen.
    (AP, 3/26/18)

2018        Mar 26, Egyptians began voting in an election that President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi is virtually guaranteed to win.
    (AP, 3/26/18)

2018        Mar 27, In Egypt turnout appeared low citizens voted on the second day of an election that President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi is virtually certain to win. All serious rivals had been either arrested or intimidated into dropping out.
    (AP, 3/27/18)

2018        Mar 28, Egyptian authorities warned people to vote or risk paying a fine, as they looked to boost turnout in a lackluster 3-day election that is virtually guaranteed to hand President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi a second four-year term.
    (AP, 3/28/18)

2018        Mar 29, In Egypt pro-government media reported that the initial results of the presidential election showed a landslide win for President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who faced no serious challenge, and a turnout hovering around 40 percent.
    (AP, 3/28/18)

2018        Mar 30, Egyptian state media reported that President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has won a second term with 96.9 percent of valid votes, raising a previous tally from the preliminary count. An estimate of turnout was raised to 42.08 percent.
    (AFP, 3/30/18)

2018        Apr 1, Egypt's military said two soldiers were killed in the last week in the northern Sinai Peninsula. Another two soldiers were reported wounded, and six militants killed.
    (AP, 4/1/18)

2018        Apr 2, Official results showed that Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was re-elected with 97 percent of votes, the same proportion that the former military commander secured four years ago for his first term. Turnout was lower at 41 percent. Some 1.76 million invalid ballots were cast, about 7.2% of the total.
    (Reuters, 4/2/18)(SFC, 4/4/18, p.A2)

2018        Apr 3, In Egypt a bus crashed into a truck leaving seven people dead and 11 others injured on a desert road connecting the capital Cairo and the city of Suez.
    (AP, 4/3/18)

2018        Apr 4, Egypt sentenced 35 alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to life in prison for allegedly forming "terrorist cells" to attack security forces and state institutions.
    (AP, 4/4/18)
2018        Apr 4, Egypt's most popular daily sacked its chief editor, Mohammed el-Sayyed Saleh, amid a crisis over the paper's coverage of last month's presidential election, which critics have dubbed undemocratic, in the latest blow to freedom of the press in Egypt.
    (AP, 4/6/18)

2018        Apr 6, Meeting in Sudan the foreign ministers of Sudan, Egypt, and Ethiopia failed to reach an agreement in the lingering dispute over Ethiopia's massive dam on the Blue Nile. The Renaissance Dam is now 63 percent finished.
    (AP, 4/6/18)

2018        Apr 12, Egypt and Russia resumed direct flights, more than two-and-a-half years after they were suspended in the wake of a bombing that brought down a Russian passenger plane over the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/12/18)

2018        Apr 14, Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi extended a state of emergency for another three months.
    (AP, 4/14/18)
2018        Apr 14, In Egypt militants wearing explosive belts blew themselves up as they tried to infiltrate a military base in central Sinai, killing eight soldiers and wounding 15 others. The clashes at dawn left 14 militants dead. The Islamic State group soon claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 4/14/18)(AP, 4/15/18)
2018        Apr 14, An Egyptian court upheld a life sentence against Mohamed Badie, the leader of the banned Muslim Brotherhood, over 2013 violence.
    (Reuters, 4/14/18)

2018        Apr 22, Egypt's parliament passed a law banning the cultivation of crops in some areas that require a large amount of water, amid fears that a massive Ethiopian dam being built upstream could cut into the country's share of the Nile.
    (AP, 4/23/18)(AP, 4/24/18)

2018        Apr 23, Jailed Egyptian photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zeid won the 2018 Press Freedom Prize awarded by the UN cultural agency UNESCO, a choice that drew criticism from the Egyptian authorities.
    (Reuters, 4/23/18)

2018        Apr 24, An Egyptian military court sentenced a former anti-corruption chief, Hisham Genena (Geneina), to five years in jail after he said a presidential candidate had secret documents allegedly damaging to the army.
    (AFP, 4/24/18)(SFC, 4/25/18, p.A2)

2018        May 6, Khaled Mohieddin (b.1922), an Egyptian leftist opposition leader, who helped overthrow the Egyptian monarchy in the 1952 revolution, died at a Cairo hospital. He was the last surviving member of the Revolutionary Command Council, an executive body that ran Egypt till 1956, when Nasser was elected as Egypt's president.
    (AP, 5/6/18)
2018        May 6, In Egypt police arrested Shady Abu Zaid, a young comedian who was working for a popular satirical television program. He was charged with joining an outlawed group and spreading false news and ordered detained for 15 days.
    (AP, 5/9/18)

2018        May 7, In Egypt a criminal court in Cairo sentenced nine suspects to life in prison on terror-related charges. The country's chief prosecutor referred 555 terror suspects to a military court on charges of joining a local affiliate of the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 5/7/18)
2018        May 7, Amnesty Int'l. reported that Egypt is holding prisoners in "prolonged and indefinite solitary confinement" that amounts to "torture".
    (SFC, 5/8/18, p.A2)

2018        May 11, Egypt's transportation authorities more than tripled the standard subway fare from 2 to up to 7 pounds (40 cents) as part of government austerity measures.
    (AP, 5/11/18)

2018        May 12, In Egypt at least 22 people were detained by police during "limited and sporadic protests" at several Cairo metro stations by commuters demanding that metro price hikes be reversed.
    (Reuters, 5/13/18)

2018        May 13, An Egyptian court acquitted two police officers who were previously convicted and sentenced to five years over the killing of a detained lawyer. They were accused of beating lawyer Karim Hamdi to death in February 2015.
    (AP, 5/13/18)

2018        May 14, Egyptian police detained Shady el-Ghazaly Harb, an activist known for his harsh criticism of the government, on charges including insulting President Abdel-Fatah el-Sissi.
    (AP, 5/15/18)

2018        May 16, Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi pardoned more than 330 young people, most of whom had been convicted and jailed for their participation in illegal protests.
    (AP, 5/16/18)

2018        May 17, In Egypt Arab foreign ministers held an emergency meeting three days after the opening of the US Embassy in Jerusalem and violence along the Gaza border, where Israeli forces killed dozens of Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/17/18)
2018        May 17, In Egypt a state security prosecutor ordered the detention political activist Shady Ghazaly Harb, a leading opposition figure during the 2011 Arab Spring uprising against president Hosni Mubarak, on suspicion of joining a terrorist organization.
    (Reuters, 5/18/18)

2018        May 18, Egyptian security officials arrested Haytham Mohamedeen, a prominent activist and labor rights lawyer, on an array of charges including belonging to the outlawed Revolutionary Socialists movement.
    (AP, 5/19/18)

2018        May 22, Human Rights Watch accused Egypt of mass demolition of homes in the Sinai Peninsula, some of which it said might be illegal, as the military fights an Islamist militants insurgency in the remote desert region.
    (Reuters, 5/22/18)

2018        May 23, Egyptian security forces detained prominent blogger and journalist Wael Abbas, the latest activist to be arrested in what rights groups say is a campaign to silence government critics.
    (Reuters, 5/23/18)

2018        May 26, Egyptian activist Hazem Abdel-Azim was taken from his home in a Cairo suburb late today on accusations that included disseminating false news and belonging to an outlawed group.
    (AP, 5/27/18)
2018        May 26, Qatar said it was banning products originating from the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Bahrain, almost a year after those states imposed an embargo on Doha, accusing it of supporting terrorism.
    (Reuters, 5/27/18)

2018        May 29, Egyptian state news MENA reported that four officials including the chairman of the state Food Industries Holding Company (FIHC) have been arrested on suspicion of taking bribes from commodities trading firms.
    (Reuters, 5/29/18)

2018        Jun 2, In Egypt Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was sworn in for a second term as president.
    (Reuters, 6/2/18)

2018        Jun 3, An Egyptian court renewed the detention of a Lebanese woman for a further 15 days pending an investigation into charges including insulting Egyptians. Days earlier the country's top prosecutor ordered the detention of Mona el-Mazbouh after she posted a video on Facebook lashing out at the state for the prevalence of widespread begging and unchallenged sexual harassment.
    (AP, 6/3/18)

2018        Jun 6, Egyptian state news agency MENA said President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has pardoned 712 prisoners, and security sources said many of those freed were youth jailed for anti-government protests.
    (Reuters, 6/6/18)

2018        Jun 7, Egypt's President Abdel-Fatah el-Sissi appointed a new prime minister, picking his housing minister Mustafa Madbouly to form a government.
    (AP, 6/7/18)

2018        Jun 10, Egypt's chief prosecutor referred 28 people to a criminal court on charges including forming an illegal group, "The Egyptian Council for Change," aiming to topple the government.
    (AP, 6/10/18)
2018        Jun 10, Egypt's official statistics agency said the inflation rate has increased to 13.2 percent in May, ahead of a possible new round of price hikes as part of austerity measures designed to overhaul the country's economy.
    (AP, 6/10/18)
2018        Jun 10, Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed announced that Egypt will release 32 Ethiopian prisoners during his visit as he sought to assure Cairo that a massive upstream Nile dam would not cut into its share of the river.
    (AP, 6/11/18)

2018        Jun 12, Egypt said it is raising the price of electricity by an average of 26 percent as part of austerity measures designed to overhaul the country's economy.
    (AP, 6/12/18)

2018        Jun 14, Egypt appointed a new government, replacing several key ministers as President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi pushes ahead with tough economic reforms and seeks to improve security.
    (Reuters, 6/14/18)

2018        Jun 16, Egypt announced steep increases in fuel and cooking gas prices as part of the country's economic reforms and austerity measures designed to overhaul the country's ailing economy.
    (AP, 6/16/18)

2018        Jun 23, Egypt reported raised pensions for military personnel and salaries for civil servants of 15 percent amid a wave of price hikes linked to austerity measures.
    (AP, 6/24/18)

2018        Jun 24, Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi approved a law governing popular ride-hailing apps Uber and Careem after the companies appealed a court ruling that revoked their licenses.
    (AP, 6/24/18)
2018        Jun 24, Egypt's parliament approved the extension of a nationwide state of emergency for three months from July 14.
    (Reuters, 6/24/18)

2018        Jun 27, Egyptian security forces killed four suspected militants in a shootout with forces in the southern town of al-Ghanaim, Assiut province.
    (AP, 6/27/18)

2018        Jun 28, Egypt's Interior Ministry said that 10 militants involved in a bombing that targeted the convoy of Alexandria's former security chief in March have been killed. The ministry had reported 6 dead in the Beheira shootout in March, shortly after the bombing, and a security official on June 27 confirmed the Assiut raid.
    (AP, 6/28/18)   

2018        Jun 29, The International Monetary Fund approved the fourth installment of a $12 billion, three-year loan for Egypt, bringing the total released to date to just over $8 billion.
    (AFP, 6/29/18)

2018        Jun, Egypt's annual inflation rate increased to 13.8 percent this month, the first time it has jumped in 11 months following a new round of austerity measures designed to overhaul the country's economy. The figure, announced by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics, covers the period from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018.
    (AP, 7/10/18)

2018        Jul 7, Egyptian prosecutors ordered the country's top media regulator to be summoned for questioning over his decision to issue a gag order on corruption allegations made against a children's cancer hospital.
    (AP, 7/7/18)
2018        Jul 7, A Cairo court sentenced Lebanese tourist Mona el-Mazboh (24), arrested last month, to eight years in prison for posting a video on Facebook complaining of sexual harassment and conditions in Egypt. An appeal was set for July 29.
    (AP, 7/7/18)

2018        Jul 9, An Egyptian court ordered the release on bail of Adel Sabri, the editor of an independent news website. He was accused of an array of charges, including membership in the banned Muslim Brotherhood group.
    (AP, 7/9/18)
2018        Jul 9, Egypt's highest anti-graft agency, the Administrative Control Authority, said that Gamal Abdel-Azim, head of the country's customs authority, was arrested while taking bribes from an unnamed businessman.
    (AP, 7/9/18)

2018        Jul 15, Egypt's parliament backed a draft bill that grants foreigners citizenship if they deposit the sum of at least 7 million Egyptian pounds, or about $391,000, in a local bank, save it there for five years and reside in the country during that period. The bill still faced another parliament session and final approval by the president, Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, before it can become a law.
    (AP, 7/16/18)

2018        Jul 16, Egypt's parliament passed a law that could make senior military officers immune from future prosecution tied to violence which followed the 2013 ouster of Islamist president Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 7/16/18)
2018        Jul 15, Human Rights Watch accused Egyptian authorities of using state-of-emergency and counterterrorism laws and to unjustly prosecute journalists, activists and critics for their peaceful criticism.
    (SFC, 7/16/18, p.A2)

2018        Jul 16, Egypt's parliament passed a bill targeting popular social media accounts that authorities accuse of publishing "fake news," the latest move in a five-year-old drive to suppress dissent and silence independent sources of news. The law reinforced the state's control over the internet, including social media accounts of organizations and individuals with more than 5,000 followers.
    (AP, 7/18/18)(AFP, 8/10/18)

2018        Jul 19, In Sudan Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi met with President Omar al-Bashir as well as other Sudanese officials at the start of a two-day visit. They vowed to set differences aside and bolster relations. They agreed to mend ties, frayed by repeated failures to reach a deal over an upstream Nile dam being built by Ethiopia, and the revival of a longstanding dispute over a border territory held by Cairo and claimed by Khartoum.
    (AP, 7/20/18)

2018        Jul 21, Egypt said a new Israeli law giving Jews the exclusive right to self-determination in the country undermined the chances for peace in the Middle East and the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes.
    (Reuters, 7/21/18)
2018        Jul 21, Egypt raised natural gas prices for households and businesses by between 33.3 and 75 percent, the latest among tough austerity measures aimed at rebuilding the country's economy battered by years of unrest since a 2011 uprising.
    (AP, 7/21/18)

2018        Jul 24, Egypt inaugurated several power generation projects, including three power plants built by the German conglomerate Siemens in a ceremony attended by President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, government ministers and officials.
    (AP, 7/24/18)

2018        Jul 28, An Egyptian court sentenced 75 people to death, including top figures of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, for their involvement in a 2013 sit-in. The sentences were subject to appeal.
    (AP, 7/28/18)

2018        Jul 29, In Egypt a train came off the rails on the Cairo-Aswan line, injuring a number of passengers and delaying trips. Hours later Sayed Salem, the head of Egypt's railway authority, was removed from office.
    (AFP, 7/29/18)
2018        Jul 29, In Egypt Bishop Epiphanius (68), the abbot of Saint Macarius monastery in Wadi el-Natrun, was found dead with head injuries.
    (AFP, 8/4/18)

2018        Jul 31, Egyptian rights attorney said a military court has sentenced poet Galal el-Beheiri to three years in prison for "disseminating false news" and insulting the country's security forces.
    (SFC, 8/1/18, p.A2)

2018        Aug 2, Egypt's Coptic Orthodox Church said it will not be taking in new monks in monasteries nationwide for a year after the unresolved death of Bishop Epiphanius, the abbot of St. Macarius Monastery in the desert northwest of Cairo. Epiphanius was found dead in the monastery earlier this week.
    (AP, 8/2/18)

2018        Aug 3, Egyptian media reported that human remains were found on a beach in Marsa Alam. A Czech tourist was killed by a shark while swimming in the Red Sea.
    (AFP, 8/5/18)

2018        Aug 5, Egypt's army said troops and security forces have killed at least 52 suspected militants in recent days.
    (Reuters, 8/5/18)

2018        Aug 10, Reporters Without Borders said it had restored its website in Egypt, exactly one year after it was blocked by the authorities. RWB said it was unblocking its site through a website "mirroring" technique, which involves copying content and switching servers.
    (AP, 8/10/18)

2018        Aug 11, Egyptian security officials said a man wearing an explosives belt attempted to attack a Coptic Christian church north of Cairo but failed to enter before blowing himself up in Mostorod district, Qaliubiya province.
    (AP, 8/11/18)
2018        Aug 11, Egyptian prosecutors said a detained and recently defrocked monk, identified as Isaiah, has confessed to collaborating with others to kill Bishop Epiphanius, abbot of St. Macarius Monastery. The bishop was found dead on July 29. A day later authorities detained another monk as part of their investigation into the murder.
    (AP, 8/12/18)

2018        Aug 12, The head of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, and other leaders of the banned group were sentenced to life in prison, on charges of incitement to murder and violence during protests five years ago. This was the latest of several life sentences for Mohammed Badie, who has also been sentenced to death in separate trials since his 2013 arrest.
    (Reuters, 8/12/18)(AP, 8/12/18)
2018        Aug 12, Egyptian state news reported that security forces have killed 12 suspected militants in raids on their hideouts in north Sinai.
    (Reuters, 8/12/18)

2018        Aug 13, Egypt's interior ministry said security forces have killed six suspected militants in a raid on a house on the outskirts of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 8/13/18)

2018        Aug 14, Egypt's Interior Ministry said police have arrested 13 alleged Muslim Brotherhood members accused of inciting protests on the fifth anniversary of the violent dispersal of two mass sit-ins.
    (AP, 8/14/18)

2018        Aug 15, It was reported that Egyptian authorities are demolishing a historical 19th century neighborhood in Cairo to make way for high-end housing and business development a stone's throw from the Nile, angering residents who say they have not been properly compensated. The Maspero neighborhood was named for French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero who helped found the Egyptian Museum.
    (AP, 8/15/18)

2018        Aug 18, Cyprus extradited Seif Eddin Mustafa, an Egyptian man who hijacked a domestic EgyptAir flight in March, 2016, and ordered it to land in Cyprus. He was transferred to Egyptian custody and flown to Egypt after giving up a drawn-out legal fight.
    (AP, 8/19/18)

2018        Aug 21, In Egypt John Cooper (69) and his wife Susan Cooper (63) who worked for the Thomas Cook holiday company in Britain, died within hours of each other while staying at the Steigenberger Aqua Magic Hotel at the popular Red Sea resort of Hurghada. It later emerged that 13 other customers had food poisoning among guests at the hotel and Cook evacuated 301 of its guests.
    (Reuters, 8/24/18)(AP, 8/26/18)

2018        Aug 25, Egyptian security forces foiled an attack on a checkpoint west of the city of al-Arish, and killed four militants while other fled. The privately owned al-Masri al-Youm newspaper reported that four policemen had died. The Islamic State's Amaq news agency reported the next day that 15 soldiers were killed or wounded in what it described as an infiltration operation.
    (Reuters, 8/26/18)

2018        Aug 27, Egyptian police forces killed five suspected Islamic militants in a shootout 390 km (244 miles) south of Cairo. The fighting broke out when police raided a suspected militant hideout in the Akhmim district of Sohag province.
    (AP, 8/27/18)

2018        Aug 28, An Egyptian court sentenced six people to death for their roles in a 2016 militant attack on a security checkpoint north of Cairo that killed a policeman.
    (AP, 8/28/18)

2018        Aug 29, Egypt said its security forces have killed at least 20 suspected militants in recent days in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula and along its porous border with Libya.
    (AP, 8/29/18)

2018        Aug 30, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi appointed a string of new governors to key regions, the latest shake-up since winning re-election in March. The majority of the new appointees were drawn from the senior army and police ranks. Manal Mikhail in Damietta province, became the first Christian woman ever appointed to such a position in the majority Sunni Muslim country.
    (AFP, 8/30/18)

2018        Sep 1, Egypt's official gazette said President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has ratified a law granting authorities the right to monitor social media users in the country as part of tightening internet controls.
    (AFP, 9/1/18)

2018        Sep 2, Egypt's Antiquities Ministry said a Neolithic site has been discovered in Tell el-Samara, about 140 km (87 miles) north of Cairo. Chief archaeologist Frederic Gio said his team found silos containing animal bones and food, indicating human habitation as early as 5,000 BC.
    (AP, 9/2/18)

2018        Sep 4, Egyptian Abdullah Ayman Abdel-Sameea (24) was arrested outside the US Embassy in Cairo after chemicals in his backpack caught fire, in what authorities said was a botched attack.
    (AP, 9/4/18)

2018        Sep 7, An Egyptian colonel was killed in central Sinai after explosives inside an empty vehicle he was inspecting detonated.
    (AP, 9/7/18)

2018        Sep 8, An Egyptian court sentenced 75 people to death, including top leaders of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, for their involvement in a 2013 sit-in protest by Islamists that was broken up by security forces in an operation that left hundreds dead. The court also sentenced to life in prison the head of the Brotherhood, Mohammed Badie, and 46 others.
    (AP, 9/8/18)

2018        Sep 9, In Egypt two security officers were killed and four others injured when an armored vehicle exploded late today in the border town of Sheikh Zuweid.
    (Reuters, 9/10/18)

2018        Sep 10, Egypt's state news reported that security forces have killed 11 suspected militants in an exchange of fire in the North Sinai town of al-Arish.
    (Reuters, 9/10/18)

2018        Sep 11, The European Union condemned death sentences passed on 75 people in Egypt, saying there were "serious doubts" over whether the defendants had been given a fair trial.
    (AFP, 9/11/18)

2018        Sep 12, Egypt's chief prosecutor said tests showed that E.coli bacteria were behind the August 21 deaths of two British tourists in a hotel in the Red Sea resort of Hurghada.
    (AP, 9/13/18)
2018        Sep 12, An Egyptian court suspended a ruling that allowed the return to work of policemen with beards which are usually reserved for pious Muslims.
    (AFP, 9/13/18)

2018        Sep 13, Egyptian authorities deported Mona el-Mazbouh (24), a Lebanese woman who was jailed for insulting Egyptians in a video she posted online, days after she was sentenced to a suspended one-year sentence.
    (AP, 9/14/18)

2018        Sep 15, Egyptian police detained the sons of former president Hosni Mubarak along with three others in connection with insider trading charges for which the five are on trial.
    (AP, 9/15/18)

2018        Sep 16, Egypt's Antiquities Ministry said a sphinx made of sandstone has been found in the Temple of Kom Ombo in Aswan during work to protect the site from groundwater. The ministry said the statue probably dates back to the Ptolemaic time, 320BC-30BC.
    (AP, 9/16/18)

2018        Sep 19, Cyprus and Egypt signed an agreement paving the way for the Mediterranean’s first subsea pipeline to carry Cypriot natural gas to the Arab country for re-export to Europe.
    (AFP, 9/19/18)
2018        Sep 19, Amnesty International accused Egypt's government of mounting a crackdown on freedom of expression that had turned the country into an "open-air prison" for critics. The rights group said authorities had arrested at least 111 people since December for criticizing Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Egypt's human rights situation.
    (Reuters, 9/19/18)

2018        Sep 20, An Egyptian court ordered the release from detention of former president Hosni Mubarak's two sons who are on trial on insider trading charges.
    (AP, 9/20/18)
2018        Sep 20, EU leaders meeting in Austria called for more intense talks with Egypt and other North African countries to take further steps against illegal migration to Europe, particularly by fighting those who smuggle and traffic them.
    (AFP, 9/20/18)

2018        Sep 22, Egypt's highest appeals court rejected a motion by former president Hosni Mubarak and his two sons to overturn their conviction on corruption charges.
    (AP, 9/22/18)

2018        Sep 23, An Egyptian court sentenced 64 people to varying prison terms and one man to death over violence in 2013 when the military overthrew the elected Islamist president. The ruling can still be appealed.
    (AP, 9/23/18)

2018        Sep 26, In Egypt Coptic monk Zeinoun al-Maqari died a day before he was scheduled to testify for the prosecution in the trial of two monks — one of whom has been defrocked — charged with the killing of the abbot. An autopsy showed clear signs of poisoning. He had until recently belonged to a monastery northwest of Cairo where Bishop Epiphanius was killed.
    (AP, 9/27/18)

2018        Sep 27, Mustafa el-Nagar (38), a former Egyptian lawmaker, went missing. His wife later said he may have been detained by security forces.
    (AP, 10/17/18)

2018        Sep 29, An Egyptian court handed down a suspended two-year sentence against Amal Fathy, a female activist convicted of insulting employees at a bank and using abusive language to criticize state institutions. Fathy won't walk free, however, as she is still held on other charges, including membership in an outlawed group and misuse of social media networks to spread material that could hurt security and public interest.
    (AP, 9/29/18)

2018        Oct 1, In Egypt Islamic State militant Abu Hamza al-Maqdisi was killed in an air raid at Sheikh Zuweid, North Sinai province.
    (AFP, 10/3/18)

2018        Oct 3, Egypt's Interior Ministry said that police have killed 15 suspected militants in a shootout in the city of el-Arish, northern Sinai Peninsula, where they are battling an Islamic State-led insurgency.
    (AP, 10/3/18)

2018        Oct 4, In Egypt one person was killed and at least three others injured in a blast at a fuel depot on the outskirts of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 10/4/18)

2018        Oct 6, In Egypt US First Lady Melania Trump held talks in Cairo on the final leg of a solo four-nation tour of Africa that will also see her visit the Pyramids.
    (AFP, 10/6/18)
2018        Oct 6, An Egyptian judge slapped a travel ban on Khaled Ali, a former presidential candidate and rights lawyer, over an ongoing investigation into funding for civil society groups.
    (AP, 10/6/18)

2018        Oct 8, Forces of Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar captured Hisham el-Ashmawy, one of Egypt's most-wanted jihadists in the east of the chaos-ridden country. He was accused of being behind attacks in Egypt's Western Desert region.
    (AFP, 10/8/18)

2018        Oct 9, Egypt said its security forces have killed 10 militants in a shootout in the city of el-Arish in the turbulent northern Sinai Peninsula. The Interior Ministry did not say when the battle took place.
    (AP, 10/9/18)

2018        Oct 10, Egyptian police detained Abdullah Morsi (25), the youngest son of jailed former president Mohammed Morsi, without giving a reason. The family feared he'll be held indefinitely.
    (AP, 10/10/18)
2018        Oct 10, Egypt said that inflation jumped to 15.4 percent last month, a rise of more than two percentage points over the previous month and the highest level since eight months ago.
    (AP, 10/10/18)

2018        Oct 11, An Egyptian military court sentenced 17 Islamic militants to death for involvement in deadly attacks on Christians in December 2016 and plotting twin suicide bombings in churches in Alexandria and Tanta, on Palm Sunday in April 2017. The court in Alexandria also issued life sentences to 19 defendants and sentenced another nine to 15 years in prison on terror-related charges.
    (AP, 10/11/18)

2018        Oct 14, The Egyptian military said commercial truck traffic with Israel has resumed via a border crossing in the Sinai Peninsula that had been shut down amid the insurgency there.
    (AP, 10/14/18)
2018        Oct 14, An Egyptian court upheld death sentences for three people for establishing and running a militant group known as Ansar al-Sharia.
    (AP, 10/14/18)

2018        Oct 15, Egyptian security forces killed nine "terrorists" in a raid on a cave hideout along the Nile River. The raid targeted men who were planning attacks on vital installations, resulting in a shootout that led to their deaths.
    (AP, 10/15/18)
2018        Oct 15, Egypt's main appeals court upheld a three-year prison sentence for former lawmaker Mustafa el-Nagar and some two dozen people, including former Pres. Mohammed Morsi, following their convictions of insulting the judiciary. El-Nagar had gone missing on Sept. 27 and was not present.
    (AP, 10/17/18)
2018        Oct 15, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi arrived in Russia on a visit expected to further boost ties between the two nations.
    (AP, 10/15/18)

2018        Oct 16, Egypt extended its state of emergency for another three months.
    (AP, 10/16/18)

2018        Oct 20, In Egypt three workers contracted to build a security wall in the northern Sinai city of el-Arish were shot dead by suspected militants. Six militants were killed in two separate raids by security forces targeting hideouts in northern Sinai. The raids left two policemen wounded following shootouts.
    (AP, 10/21/18)

2018        Oct 21, Egypt's parliament voted to extend a state of emergency in the country for three months, prolonging the authorities' ability to use special powers into 2019.
    (Reuters, 10/21/18)
2018        Oct 21, Egypt arrested economist Abdel-Khaleq Farouq and his publisher, Ibrahim el-Khateib, over a book that challenged Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's economic policies. The book — entitled "Is Egypt Really a Poor Country?" — has not been published, but was posted online by activists. On Oct. 29 an Egyptian court released Abdul Khalik Farouk and the owner of the print shop that published his book.
    (AP, 10/23/18)(Reuters, 10/30/18)

2018        Oct 25, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir lifted a 17-month long ban on agricultural imports from Egypt, during an official visit by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to Khartoum.
    (AFP, 10/25/18)

2018        Oct 30, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel opened the G20 Compact with Africa meeting saying it's critical "not only to talk about Africa but to talk with Africa" about development needs and goals. So far 11 countries have joined the program: Benin, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo and Tunisia.
    (AP, 10/30/18)

2018        Nov 2, In Egypt masked men opened fire on three buses from different directions. Seven people were killed in the ambush by Islamic State militants of buses carrying pilgrims to St. Samuel the Confessor desert monastery near Minya.
    (AP, 11/3/18)

2018        Nov 3, In Egypt President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's World Youth Forum opened in the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.
    (AP, 11/3/18)
2018        Nov 3, In Egypt security forces killed 19 militants suspected of involvement in an attack the previous day killed at least seven Christians near the Monastery of St Samuel the Confessor in Minya.
    (AP, 11/4/18)(Reuters, 12/8/18)

2018        Nov 8, An Egyptian court convicted 65 suspected militants of setting up a terrorist group and declaring allegiance to the Islamic State. 18 of them were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/9/18, p.A2)

2018        Nov 12, An Egyptian court sentenced former Menoufiya province governor Hisham Abdel Basset to 10 years in prison for accepting bribes to award public works contracts.
    (AP, 11/12/18)

2018        Nov 17, Egypt sentenced an alleged Islamic State supporter to death for stabbing and killing an 82-year-old Christian doctor in Cairo in Sept. 2017.
    (AP, 11/17/18)

2018        Nov 18, Human Rights Watch said Egyptian authorities have rounded up at least 40 rights workers, activists and lawyers since late October and detained them in "undisclosed locations." HRW said many of those arrested were people who provided humanitarian and legal support to families of political detainees.
    (AFP, 11/18/18)

2018        Nov 20, Amnesty International said that Egypt has committed "shocking violations" against children, including torture and enforced disappearances.
    (AP, 11/20/18)

2018        Nov 25, Egypt's highest appeal court upheld death sentences against nine defendants convicted for their involvement in the 2015 assassination of Hisham Barakat, the country's chief prosecutor.
    (AP, 11/25/18)

2018        Nov 26, Italian police said they have detained five Egyptians accused of smuggling a boatload of 264 migrants from Libya to Sicily.
    (AP, 11/26/18)

2018        Nov 30, Hundreds of women took part in a race in Cairo to campaign for an end to violence against women and push for acceptance of women running in public spaces.
    (Reuters, 11/30/18)

2018        Dec 3, Egypt opened its first international weapons fair, an event that organizers hope will project a message to the world that the country is secure and stable.
    (AP, 12/3/18)

2018        Dec 4, An Egyptian survivor said 15 migrants have died in a boat off the Libyan coast after spending 12 days at sea without food or water. Only 10 migrants from the capsized boat survived.
    (AP, 12/4/18)

2018        Dec 5, An Egyptian court sentenced five people, including Mohammed Badie the head of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, to life in prison on charges related to inciting violence and supporting militants.
    (AP, 12/5/18)

2018        Dec 8, Egypt said police have killed two gunmen who carried out a Nov. 2 attack on a bus carrying Christians in Minya governorate to the south of Cairo.
    (AP, 12/8/18)

2018        Dec 10, In Egypt Mohamed Ramadan, a human rights lawyer, was arrested in the northern city of Alexandria on charges including spreading false news, distribution and possession of leaflets and yellow vests. His arrest came as reports circulated that Egyptian authorities were restricting the sale of yellow vests -- the symbol of an ongoing protest movement in France.
    (AFP, 2/18/19)

2018        Dec 11, Traders in Cairo said Egyptian authorities have unofficially restricted the sale of "yellow vests," signaling fears of possible protests inspired by those in France.
    (AFP, 12/11/18)

2018        Dec 12, In Egypt Coptic father Imad Kamal Sadeq (49) and his son, David (21), were killed at a construction site by a security police officer in Minya province.
    (Reuters, 12/13/18)
2018        Dec 12, Egypt released blogger and journalist Wael Abbas, known for standing up against police violence, after nearly seven months in detention. Abbas has been posting about police violence, torture and corruption on social media for more than a decade.
    (AFP, 12/12/18)
2018        Dec 12, In Saudi Arabia representatives from Egypt, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen and Jordan gathered in Riyadh to discuss an alliance of the six countries bordering the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. No final agreement was reached.
    (AP, 12/12/18)

2018        Dec 13, Egyptian authorities arrested a camel driver and a woman accused of having helped two Danes scale the Great Pyramid of Giza to take a video and naked photograph, sparking outrage in the country. The woman had put the pair into contact with the camel driver who took them to the site illegally at night on November 29 for 4,000 Egyptian pounds ($225, 200 euros). Photographer Andreas Hvid appears to scale the 4,500-year-old tomb on the outskirts of Cairo with a woman who is later seen removing her top. The video "Climbing the Great Pyramid of Giza" was posted on YouTube on December 8.
    (AP, 12/13/18)
2018        Dec 13, The EU's lawmaking body condemned Egyptian authorities for human rights abuses and urged them to lift restrictions on free speech and assembly, halt mass trials and stop sentencing minors to death, and release political prisoners.
    (AP, 12/13/18)

2018        Dec 14, Egypt's state news agency said the Arab Parliament has urged the Arab League to reinstate Syria's membership, which was suspended seven years ago.
    (Reuters, 12/14/18)

2018        Dec 17, In Egypt two roadside bombs hit a police convoy in northern Sinai, killing two conscripts. The bombs struck two armored vehicles that were part of a convoy on a search-and-destroy mission in an area west of Rafah.
    (AP, 12/17/18)
2018        Dec 17, In Egypt a German man (18) went missing before he was due to take a domestic flight from Luxor to Cairo, where he planned to visit his grandfather.
    (AP, 1/7/19)

2018        Dec 20, In Egypt 43 NGO workers, including at least 15 Americans, were cleared by a court in a case concerning the work of groups promoting democracy in the country. A lower court convicted the 43 in 2013.
    (AP, 12/20/18)
2018        Dec 20, Egypt said its security forces have killed eight militants and detained four more who planned attacks on minority Christians during the upcoming holiday season.
    (AP, 12/20/18)

2018        Dec 23, Egypt said its security forces have killed 14 militants in separate shootouts in the city of el-Arish in the turbulent north of the Sinai Peninsula. The government statement did not say when the shooting happened or provide other details.
    (AP, 12/23/18)

2018        Dec 27, Egyptian authorities released Amal Fathy, a prominent activist who had criticized the government and decried sexual harassment, after more than seven months of detention.
    (AP, 12/27/18)
2018        Dec 27, In Egypt a German man (23) was detained at Cairo airport. On Jan. 7 German news agency dpa reported that he still had not been heard from.
    (AP, 1/7/19)

2018        Dec 28, In Egypt a roadside bomb hit a tourist bus near the Giza Pyramids, killing three Vietnamese and their Egyptian guide.
    (AP, 12/29/18)

2018        Dec 29, Egypt's Interior Ministry said security forces have killed 40 suspected militants in three separate incidents in North Sinai and Giza.
    (Reuters, 12/29/18)

2018        Dec 31, In Egypt Amal Fathi (34), arrested in May over a video she posted online in which she spoke out against sexual harassment, lost her appeal and was handed a two-year prison term, as well as a fine of 10,000 Egyptian pounds ($560).
    (AFP, 12/31/18)

2019        Jan 5, In Egypt a policeman was killed late today as he was trying to defuse an explosive device near a church in a residential Cairo district.
    (AP, 1/6/19)

2019        Jan 8, Egypt blocked Palestinians from entering the country from Gaza after Palestinian Authority (PA) personnel pulled out of the Rafah border crossing and Hamas officers took their place. Cairo decided to open Rafah crossing only to Palestinians returning to Gaza, after the PA personnel withdrew.
    (Reuters, 1/8/19)

2019        Jan 9, A Egyptian court sentenced Ahmed Douma, one of the country's best-known activists, to 15 years' jail for rioting and attacking security forces in 2011. The Cairo court also ordered Douma to pay six million Egyptian pounds ($336,0005) for damages.
    (Reuters, 1/9/19)

2019        Jan 11, Egypt deported a German citizen early today whom it detained in Cairo airport on Dec. 27 on suspicion of plotting terrorism.
    (AP, 1/11/19)

2019        Jan 12, Egyptian security forces killed six Islamic militants in a raid on their desert hideout south of Cairo between the southern provinces of Sohag and Assiut.
    (AP, 1/12/19)
2019        Jan 12, Egypt's Al-Azhar university expelled a female student after she appeared in a video hugging a male colleague, accusing her of undermining the school's reputation. A video went viral earlier this month showing a young man carrying a bouquet of flowers kneeling before a young woman and then hugging her in what appeared to be a marriage proposal. The Al-Azhar University strictly segregates the genders.
    (AFP, 1/13/19)

2019        Jan 14, In Egypt a roadside bomb hit a police convoy in the town of Rafah in the north of the Sinai Peninsula, killing a conscript and seriously wounding four others.
    (AP, 1/14/19)

2019        Jan 16, Egypt says its police forces have killed five militants in a shootout in the city of el-Arish in the turbulent northern Sinai Peninsula. It was unclear when the battle took place.
    (AP, 1/16/19)
2019        Jan 16, Egypt's capital Cairo and some of its port cities were hit by a severe sandstorm, with strong winds and heavy dust forcing the closure of several ports.
    (Reuters, 1/16/19)

2019        Jan 17, In Egypt Islamic militants kidnapped a Christian man traveling in a communal taxi in the turbulent north of the Sinai peninsula. He was later identified as Adeeb Nakhlah (45), a police forensic expert. Police pursued the kidnappers into the desert to which they fled after the incident, killing one of them and wounding two others in a firefight, but could not free the hostage.
    (AP, 1/17/19)(AP, 1/19/19)

2019        Jan 22, Egypt said at least seven troops, including an officer, have been killed in clashes with militants in recent operations in restive northern Sinai Peninsula. The military said in a statement that forces have killed at least 59 suspected militants and arrested another 142 suspected militants and criminals.
    (AP, 1/22/19)

2019        Jan 25, In Egypt Laura Plummer (34), a British woman, was one of 6,925 prisoners pardoned by President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi on Jan. 25, the anniversary of Egypt's 2011 uprising. She had been arrested in October 2017 on arrival at Hurghada, a Red Sea resort, and was accused of attempting to smuggle hundreds of Tramadol tablets, which are legal in Britain but banned in Egypt.
    (AP, 1/28/19)

2019        Jan 27, Egypt hosted embattled Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, saying it supports stability in the country undergoing popular demonstrations against al-Bashir's 29-year rule.
    (AP, 1/27/19)
2019        Jan 27, Egypt says its air force has killed several militants, including two local commanders, in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 1/27/19)

2019        Jan 28, In Egypt French President Emmanuel Macron called for "respect for individual freedoms" as he met with his Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Cairo.
    (AFP, 1/28/19)

2019        Jan 29, Egypt's interior ministry said security forces have arrested 54 people, including suspected members of the Muslim Brotherhood, for planning to hold protests and commit violence on the anniversary of the 2011 uprising.
    (Reuters, 1/29/19)
2019        Jan 29, In Egypt French President Emmanuel Macron held a surprise second meeting with Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after talks with the country's top clerics, ending a three-day visit aimed at boosting ties while raising human rights concerns. During the visit, Macron and Sisi oversaw the signing of some 30 deals worth nearly a billion euros (dollars) including in transportation, education and health.
    (AFP, 1/29/19)
2019        Jan 29, In Egypt prominent atheist video blogger Sherif Gaber launched a crowdfunding page called "Help Me Escape Egypt" to aid him in purchasing another nationality so he can override an exit ban imposed by the secret police. Gaber has been repeatedly detained by authorities accusing him of blasphemy, which is sometimes prosecuted in Egypt under laws against "insulting religion".
    (AP, 1/30/19)

2019        Jan 30, An Egyptian court sentenced Souad el-Kholy, the deputy governor of the Alexandria, to 12 years in prison on corruption charges. The Cairo criminal court also sentenced her to a one-year suspended sentence for bribery, profiteering and squandering public funds.
    (AP, 1/30/19)
2019        Jan 30, A rights lawyer said Egypt has rounded up at least six activists in the last couple of days in a wave of arrests coinciding with the anniversary of the 2011 uprising.
    (AP, 1/30/19)   

2019        Feb 3, Hamas chief Ismail Haniyeh passed through the Rafah crossing, along with dozens of other Palestinians to meet with Egyptian security officials in Cairo.
    (Reuters, 2/3/19)

2019        Feb 4, In the UAE Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayeb, the Grand Imam of Egypt’s Al-Azhar mosque and university, called on Muslims in the Middle East to "embrace" local Christian communities during a ceremony in Abu Dhabi also attended by Pope Francis. The Vatican and Egypt's Al-Azhar mosque and university signed a document on fighting extremism. Pope Francis called for an end to wars in the Middle East.
    (Reuters, 2/4/19)(AFP, 2/4/19)

2019        Feb 5, The IMF said it has approved a $2 billion loan payment to Egypt, the latest in the country's three-year aid program.
    (AP, 2/6/19)

2019        Feb 7, Egypt executed three Muslim Brotherhood members sentenced to death following torture and beatings to extract confessions. The three were convicted last year for the 2014 killing of a judge's son in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
    (AP, 2/8/19)

2019        Feb 10, In Ethiopia Rwandan President Paul Kagame, who led an active, reformist tenure as African Union chair, passed the baton to Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, seen as more likely to focus on security issues than expanding the body's powers.
    (AFP, 2/10/19)

2019        Feb 14, Egypt's parliament gave preliminary approval to constitutional changes that would allow President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to stay in power after his second term ends in 2022.
    (AP, 2/14/19)

2019        Feb 15, Rights group Amnesty International slammed a "ban" it said Egyptian authorities have imposed on family visits to scores of detainees.
    (AFP, 2/15/19)

2019        Feb 16, In Egypt extremists attacked an army checkpoint in the troubled northern Sinai peninsula at dawn, causing 15 casualties among the armed forces including at least one officer shot dead. Seven of the extremists were reported killed.
    (AP, 2/16/19)

2019        Feb 18, In Egypt a late-night suicide blast near Cairo's famed tourist market left two policemen dead. Al-Hassan Abdullah (37) blew himself up after police officers approached to arrest him. A wounded officer soon died raising the death toll to three.
    (AP, 2/19/19)

2019        Feb 19, Egyptian state media reported that security forces have killed 16 suspected militants in two separate raids in the city of Arish in North Sinai.
    (Reuters, 2/19/19)

2019        Feb 20, Egypt hanged nine men for the 2015 assassination of the prosecutor general, bringing to 15 the number of executions it has carried out this month.
    (AFP, 2/20/19)

2019        Feb 23, A top Egyptian court reversed a ban on ride-hailing companies including Uber and Careem.
    (AFP, 2/23/19)

2019        Feb 26, Turkey criticized European Union leaders for attending a summit hosted by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi days after nine men were executed for killing Egypt's chief prosecutor.
    (Reuters, 2/26/19)

2019        Feb 27, In Egypt at least 25 people were killed and 50 injured when a locomotive smashed through the buffer stop at Cairo's main train station. A fight between two conductors led to the crash.  The accident led to the resignation of Transportation Minister Hisham Arafar and the appointment of el-Waizir, a career army officer.
    (Reuters, 2/27/19)(SFC, 2/28/19, p.A5)(AP, 10/29/19)

2019        Mar 3, An Egyptian military appeals court upheld a five-year sentence against Hesham Genena, the country's former auditor, for disseminating false news about the military.
    (AP, 3/3/19)

2019        Mar 4, Egyptian photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zaid was released after five years in prison and returned home to hugs from family and friends, pledging to continue working despite severe restrictions imposed on his movements, including having to spend the nights at a police station nearby.
    (AP, 3/4/19)

2019        Mar 6, Amnesty International said Egyptian activists and journalists have been targeted by phishing attacks coinciding with political events in an intensifying crackdown on dissent since the start of the year.
    (Reuters, 3/6/19)

2019        Mar 7, Egypt's the interior ministry said on security forces have killed seven suspected militants in two operations in Giza, across the Nile from central Cairo.
    (Reuters, 3/7/19)
2019        Mar 7, Egyptian actor Amr Waked (45), living in Spain and known for his criticism of President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's government, said a military court has sentenced him in absentia to eight years in prison in two separate cases, the latest in a wide-ranging crackdown on dissent and the media in Egypt in recent years.
    (AP, 3/7/19)

2019        Mar 10, Egypt's president appointed Maj. Gen. Kamal el-Wazir, the head of the military's engineering authority, to lead the country's transportation ministry, less than two weeks after its minister resigned over a deadly train crash in Cairo that killed 25 people.
    (AP, 3/10/19)

2019        Mar 11, Egypt said three troops and 46 suspected Islamic militants have been killed in recent days in the northern and central Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 3/11/19)

2019        Mar 12, In northeastern Egypt remote-controlled robot jockeys lined up at a major camel racing festival, as owners came under pressure from campaigns to stop using child riders.
    (Reuters, 3/19/19)

2019        Mar 13, Egypt barred the passage, takeoff and landing of Boeing 737 MAX aircraft. No Egyptian airlines had Boeing 737 MAX jets in their fleets.
    (Reuters, 3/13/19)

2019        Mar 18, In Egypt new regulations were published in the official gazette late today, allowing the Supreme Media Regulatory Council to block websites and accounts for "fake news," and impose stiff penalties of up to 250,000 Egyptian pounds ($14,400), all without having to obtain a court order.
    (AP, 3/19/19)

2019        Mar 21, In Egypt at least 10 people were killed in an explosion at a chemical plant in Ain Sokhna on the Red Sea coast.
    (AFP, 3/21/19)

2019        Mar 22, Egypt's Musicians Union barred singer Sherine Abdel-Wahab, popularly known by her first name, from performing after she suggested that Egypt does not respect free speech. It also summoned her for questioning. The singer apologized again after the latest remarks in a TV interview saying she was joking.
    (AP, 3/23/19)

2019        Mar 23, Iraqi PM Adel Abdul Mahdi sought Egypt's support for efforts to tackle Islamist militants in the region during a visit to Cairo his first trip abroad since taking office in October.
    (Reuters, 3/23/19)

2019        Mar 27, A coalition of opposition parties urged Egyptians to vote against constitutional amendments that would potentially allow President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to remain in power until 2034.
    (AP, 3/27/19)

2019        Mar 29, Egypt released Alaa Abdel Fattah, a blogger and software engineer, after he spent five years in jail. Abdel Fattah was jailed for protesting without permission in breach of a 2013 law that rights groups say effectively bans protests. Fattah is required to spend his nights at a police station for the next five years despite his release.
    (Reuters, 3/29/19)

2019        Mar 30, Egypt President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi said he has raised the minimum wage to 2,000 Egyptian pounds ($115.74) per month from 1,200 ($69.27).
    (AP, 3/30/19)
2019        Mar 30, An Egyptian court sentenced 18 suspected militants to life in prison for allegedly forming a "terrorist cell" affiliated with the Islamic State group. The Cairo criminal court sentenced another 12 defendants to 10 to 15 years on charges that include plotting attacks on the country's Christian minority in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
    (AP, 3/30/19)

2019        Apr 2, Egypt sentenced more than 70 suspected members of the Muslim Brotherhood group to prison on terror-related charges. Nearly half of the defendants were tried in absentia.
    (AP, 4/2/19)
2019        Apr 2, An Egyptian policeman found guilty of killing a Christian man and his son in a case that outraged the minority Coptic community was sentenced to death. Rabee Khalifa, posted as an armed police guard outside a church, killed construction workers Imad Kamal Sadeq (49) and his son David (21) after an argument last December.
    (Reuters, 4/2/19)
2019        Apr 2, In Egypt Ahmed Abdallah, the governor of Hurghada province, said a ban on disposable plastics, prohibiting everything from single use straws to plastic bags in an effort to fight pollution and protect the environment, will go into effect in June.
    (AP, 4/2/19)

2019        Apr 4, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and non-Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member Egypt said they will boycott an Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) annual meeting in Doha April from 6-10 because Qatar "has not responded to the just demands of the four countries and has continued its supportive policy for extremism, terrorism and interference in the affairs of the countries of the region".
    (Reuters, 4/5/19)

2019        Apr 7, In Egypt a police officer and his driver were killed when unknown gunmen opened fire on a patrol in Cairo.
    (AP, 4/7/19)

2019        Apr 9, Four Egyptian policemen and three civilians, including a child, were killed in a suicide bombing in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/9/19)

2019        Apr 10, Egyptian security officials said two separate explosive attacks overnight killed four policemen, a day after an Islamic State suicide bomber killed four policemen and three civilians.
    (AP, 4/11/19)

2019        Apr 11, Egypt said its police forces have killed 11 militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula, after several attacks in the last two days killed eight policemen and three civilians in the restive area.
    (AP, 4/11/19)

2019        Apr 14, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi met with Gen. Khalifa Haftar to discuss developments in Libya. Haftar, the commander of eastern Libyan forces, is under international pressure to halt an advance on the capital Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 4/14/19)

2019        Apr 16, Egypt's 596-member parliament stacked with supporters of Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi voted on amendments allowing the president to extend his current term by two years and stand for another six-year mandate.
    (AFP, 4/16/19)
2019        Apr 16, An Egyptian court sentenced 36 people convicted of joining the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood organization to five years in prison. They were arrested in Alexandria in 2017 and were also sentenced to five years of probation.
    (AP, 4/16/19)

2019        Apr 17, Egyptian authorities scheduled three days of voting in a nationwide referendum starting April 20 on proposed changes to the constitution that could see President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi remain in power until 2030.
    (AP, 4/17/19)

2019        Apr 18, In Egypt a coalition of opposition political parties called on voters to reject proposed constitutional amendments that would allow President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to stay in power until 2030.
    (AP, 4/18/19)

2019        Apr 20, Egyptians voted in a 3-day referendum that aims to cement the rule of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (64), the former coup leader who presents himself as a rock of stability in a turbulent region.
    (AP, 4/20/19)

2019        Apr 22, Egyptians voted for a third and final day on constitutional changes that could keep President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in power until 2030.
    (AFP, 4/22/19)

2019        Apr 23, Egyptian authorities said the amendments to extend the president's rule to 2030 were approved by 88.83% of voters, with turnout of 44.33%. Human Rights Watch said the three-day vote on a set of constitutional amendments, which concluded a day earlier, was "marred by serious flaws," including reports of citizens being forced to vote or bribed with food and money.
    (AP, 4/24/19)

2019        Apr 24, An Egyptian court sentenced two former monks to death for killing Bishop Epiphanius in a desert monastery north of Cairo last year.
    (AP, 4/24/19)

2019        Apr 30, An Egyptian court handed life sentences to Hassan Malik, a leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, as well as his son Hamza and five others after convicting them of terrorism offences.
    (Reuters, 4/30/19)

2019        May 13, In Egypt a civilian church guard shot and killed a priest in Cairo. Officials said the quarrel broke out in St. Mark's Coptic Orthodox Church in the Shubra el-Kheima district when the priest refused to give money to the guard to help him pay for his daughter's wedding. The guard was arrested after the shooting.
    (AP, 5/13/19)

2019        May 15, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi opened a suspension bridge over the Nile touted as the world's widest, one of a series of military-led, mega-projects designed to improve infrastructure and provide jobs. The bridge crosses the Nile's Warraq Island, which has an estimated 100,000 residents.
    (Reuters, 5/15/19)

2019        May 16, Egypt said five soldiers and dozens of militants were killed in recent clashes in the country's restive northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 5/16/19)
2019        May 16, Egyptian media announced that President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi has pardoned 560 prisoners, including prominent journalist Abdel Halim Qandil and several women.
    (AP, 5/17/19)

2019        May 17, Amnesty International said that Egyptian prosecutors ordered this week Haitham Mohammdeen and Mustafa Maher to remain in custody for 15 days over charges of "aiding a terrorist group," a reference to the banned Muslim Brotherhood organization.
    (AP, 5/18/19)

2019        May 19, In Egypt a bomb blast hit a tourist bus near the famed Giza pyramids, wounding at least 17 people, including South Africans, in the latest blow to the country's tourism industry. Security forces soon killed 12 suspected Islamist militants in Cairo, following an explosion targeting a tourist bus.
    (AFP, 5/19/19)(Reuters, 5/20/19)

2019        May 21, Egypt said it will raise electricity prices for households and businesses by an average of 15 percent, the latest in a series of austerity measures aimed at boosting the economy.
    (AP, 5/21/19)
2019        May 21, Egypt said its police forces have killed 16 militants in raids in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 5/21/19)

2019        May 22, An Egyptian court referred the case of six alleged Muslim Brotherhood members convicted of terrorism to the Grand Mufti, Egypt's top religious authority, for a non-binding opinion on their execution. The six were found guilty of killing three people, including a policeman, among other charges. The case includes a total of 70 defendants.
    (AP, 5/22/19)

2019        May 23, An Egyptian court ordered the release of Al-Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein, detained since 2016 on allegations of spreading false news and defaming Egypt's reputation.
    (AP, 5/23/19)
2019        May 23, Egypt’s Illicit Gains Authority decided to lift freezes former interior minister Habib al-Adly's assets and those of aides who were key players in the graft that dominated Egypt under long-time autocrat Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 5/26/19)

2019        May 28, Egyptian authorities rearrested Al-Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein who was ordered released last week after more than two years in detention on accusations of spreading false news.
    (AP, 5/29/19)

2019        May 29, Prominent Egyptian militant, Hisham el-Ashmawi, wanted for scores of terror attacks in his country was handed over by Libyan forces loyal to a commander pushing to take the capital of Tripoli and flown back to Egypt.
    (AP, 5/29/19)

2019        Jun 5, In Egypt Islamic militants attacked a checkpoint in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 10 police in el-Arish.
    (AP, 6/5/19)

2019        Jun 6, Egyptian security forces killed 14 militants suspected in an attack on a police checkpoint in northern Sinai where at least eight policemen died.
    (Reuters, 6/6/19)

2019        Jun 8, Egyptian security forces killed four suspected jihadists in restive North Sinai allegedly involved in a deadly attack on a police checkpoint.
    (AP, 6/8/19)

2019        Jun 17, Egypt's first democratically elected president, Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi (67), collapsed and died inside a Cairo courtroom.
    (AP, 6/18/19)

2019        Jun 19, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan vowed to try to ensure the Egyptian government is tried in international courts for the death of former president Mohamed Mursi, who suffered a fatal heart attack in a Cairo court earlier this week.
    (Reuters, 6/19/19)

2019        Jun 21, Amnesty International demanded that Egypt not execute Karim Hemada, arrested at age 17 ahead of an anticipated death sentence. He was arrested in 2016 and accused of belonging to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, possessing weapons, assaulting policemen and vandalizing properties.
    (AP, 6/21/19)

2019        Jun 24, German automaker Daimler AG said its Mercedes-Benz luxury brand plans to assemble cars in Egypt in cooperation with a local partner.
    (AP, 6/24/19)
2019        Jun 24, In Russia Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in talks with his Egyptian counterpart, Mohamed Zaki, said that Moscow is ready to continue helping strengthen Egypt's defense capability.
    (AP, 6/24/19)

2019        Jun 25, Egyptian police arrested at least eight people, including a former lawmaker and key secular activists in the country's 2011 uprising, for their alleged ties to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group.
    (AP, 6/25/19)
2019        Jun 25, In Egypt seven police officers and four militants were killed in a clash in the north of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 6/26/19)

2019        Jul 5, The Egyptian government hiked up fuel and cooking gas prices in another round of subsidy cuts designed to overhaul the country's ailing economy and meet the requirements of a large bailout from the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 7/5/19)
2019        Jul 5, Rami Shaath (48), a dual Palestinian-Egyptian national and a son of a prominent Palestinian politician, was arrested at his Cairo home. He was accused of having ties to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group.
    (AP, 8/21/19)

2019        Jul 8, Egypt said it has asked Interpol to help track down a 3,000-year-old sculpture of the famed boy pharaoh Tutankhamun after Christie's auctioned it off last week, for more than 4.7 million pounds ($5.9 million), despite Cairo's objections.
    (AP, 7/9/19)

2019        Jul 11, Egypt arrested and charged Karim Hussein, the administrator of a Facebook page that supports former President Hosni Mubarak, with spreading false news and undermining national interests after a series of posts that implied Mubarak did more to help the poor than the current government. Mubarak was forced from power by a pro-democracy uprising in 2011.
    (AP, 7/11/19)

2019        Jul 12, An Egyptian delegation arrived in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip to call for calm between Palestinian factions and Israel.
    (AP, 7/12/19)
2019        Jul 12, Kuwait's Interior Ministry said it has detained members of Egypt's outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group convicted of terrorism crimes.
    (AP, 7/13/19)

2019        Jul 14, In Egypt the Naguib Mahfouz Museum and Creativity Center, a museum commemorating the life and works of novelist Naguib Mahfouz, opened in Cairo.
    (Reuters, 7/15/19)

2019        Jul 15, Human Rights Watch said Kuwait has deported eight arrested Egyptian members of the Muslim Brotherhood group, convicted at home on terrorism charges.
    (AP, 7/16/19)

2019        Jul 17, In Egypt militants beheaded four people in the small town of Bir al-Abd in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 7/17/19)

2019        Jul 19, Egyptian airstrikes targeting Islamic militants in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula killed at least 20 insurgents.
    (AP, 7/19/19)

2019        Jul 20, British Airways said it was suspending flights to Cairo for seven days for unspecified reasons related to safety and security. Lufthansa also suspended flights to Cairo but resumed service the next day.
    (AP, 7/20/19)(SFC, 7/22/19, p.A2)

2019        Jul 22, An Egyptian court sentenced 11 people to life in prison on charges of joining the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq.
    (AP, 7/22/19)

2019        Jul 31, Egypt's foreign minister said hydrocarbon finds in the eastern Mediterranean have bolstered an already "strong partnership" with neighboring Cyprus.
    (AP, 7/31/19)
2019        Jul 31, Amnesty International said 130 detainees in a notorious Egyptian prison have been on hunger strike for more than six weeks to protest what it calls "cruel and inhumane detention conditions." The rights group called on authorities to investigate the prisoners' allegations of torture and other abuses.
    (AP, 7/31/19)

2019        Jul, An Egyptian teenager made headlines after she confessed to police that she stabbed to death a bus driver who she alleged had kidnapped her in a deserted rural area near Cairo and sought to sexually assault her at knife point. In August the investigating judge upheld an appeal by the prosecutor against an earlier court decision to release her and ordered her detained for another 30 days.
    (AP, 9/14/19)

2019        Aug 1, Egypt issued a statement saying President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi told visiting White House envoy Jared Kushner that Egypt supports efforts aimed at resolving the conflict "on the basis of a two-state solution and the creation of Palestinian State with East Jerusalem as its capital".
    (AP, 8/1/19)

2019        Aug 4, In Egypt a multiple-car crash on a Cairo street in front of the country’s main cancer hospital set off an explosion that triggered a fire outside the building, killing a total of 20 people.
    (AP, 8/5/19)

2019        Aug 7, Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi urged the nation to back his government's efforts to defeat Islamic militants, saying it's the mission of every Egyptian.
    (AP, 8/7/19)

2019        Aug 8, Egyptian officials said security forces have killed at least 17 suspected militants in raids in Cairo and in another province. Their statement did not say when the raids took place, or whether police forces were wounded in the clashes with the militants.
    (AP, 8/8/19)

2019        Aug 19, An Egyptian court sentenced six people to death on terror charges for carrying out attacks that killed at least three people, including a policeman, on the outskirts of the capital. The Giza criminal court also sentenced 41 defendants, including 28 in absentia, to life in prison. The charges stemmed from two different attacks in 2013 and 2015 in the town of Kerdasa.
    (AP, 8/19/19)

2019        Aug 20, Egypt said its security forces have killed 11 suspected militants on a farm in El Arish in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (SFC, 8/21/19, p.A2)

2019        Aug 21, It was reported that Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has ratified a controversial bill that amends a notorious law regulating local as well as international NGOs working in the country. Under the new law, local NGOs must notify the government of any potential foreign funding.
    (AP, 8/22/19)

2019        Aug 29, Egyptian security officials said they arrested a suspected militant and are pursuing 80 others in a province west of Cairo for plotting an imminent attack. Police raided the home of Hammad Mohamed Shafei (25) in Senofar village, Fayoum province. They said he's a member of the militant Hasm group, which authorities have linked to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 8/29/19)

2019        Aug 30, It was reported that Egypt's coastal city of Alexandria, which has survived invasions, fires and earthquakes since it was founded by Alexander the Great more than 2,000 years ago, now faces a new menace in the form of climate change.
    (AP, 8/30/19)

2019        Sep 7, An Egyptian court sentenced 11 people to life in prison — including the head of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, Mohammed Badie — after a retrial on charges related to mass prison breaks at the height of the 2011 popular uprising.
    (AP, 9/7/19)

2019        Sep 14, Egypt's Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi refuted corruption allegations raised by a businessman about the country's military in a series of recorded testimonials that went viral on social media. Officials said at least three security force members and three militants were killed in a militant attack on a checkpoint in restive northern Sinai province.
    (AP, 9/14/19)

2019        Sep 18, Egypt said police have killed nine suspected members of a militant group with links to the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood in two separate Cairo shootouts. A rights lawyer said prosecutors have ordered prominent leftist activist Kamal Khalil to remain in custody pending an investigation into charges that include joining the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 9/18/19)

2019        Sep 19, Wael Ghonim, a US-based computer engineer, said his criticism of Egyptian president Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi prompted authorities to retaliate by detaining his brother and threatening his parents.
    (AP, 9/20/19)

2019        Sep 20, In Egypt rare anti-government protests broke out in Cairo calling on President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to step down. Security forces speedily dispersed the scattered protests.
    (AP, 9/21/19)

2019        Sep 22, Egyptian police killed 15 suspected militants in a shootout in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula as they raided the militants' hideout west of the city of el-Arish.
    (AP, 9/23/19)

2019        Sep 23, Rights lawyers said Egyptian security forces rounded up hundreds of people following small but rare anti-government protests over the weekend.
    (AP, 9/23/19)

2019        Sep 24, Egyptian security forces said they have killed six suspected members of the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood in a shootout in Cairo.
    (AP, 9/24/19)

2019        Sep 25, Egyptian security forces arrested three political activists over the last 24 hours known for their outspoken criticism of Egypt's government and president, amid an intensified crackdown on dissent following small but rare anti-government protests over the weekend.
    (AP, 9/25/19)

2019        Sep 27, Egyptian security forces sealed off Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the so-called Arab Spring uprising in 2011, to prevent possible protests against the country's president.
    (AP, 9/27/19)

2019        Sep 29, In Egypt Alaa Abdel Fattah, a blogger and software engineer, was arrested again. He had been released in March after serving a five-year sentence for protesting without permission in breach of a 2013 law that rights groups say effectively bans protests. Mohamed al-Baqer, a lawyer representing Abdel Fattah, was arrested later in the day while waiting for the interrogation of his client to start at the national security prosecutor's office.
    (Reuters, 9/29/19)

2019        Oct 1, Egypt said it had returned nearly 2 million people to its food subsidy program since February, two days after tweets by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in which he said he was personally following the politically-sensitive matter.
    (Reuters, 10/1/19)

2019        Oct 3, Egypt’s government announced a decrease in fuel prices for the first time in decades, a cut that comes after a series of hikes in recent years amid an ambitious program aimed at overhauling the country’s ailing economy.
    (AP, 10/3/19)

2019        Oct 4, In Sudan irrigation ministers of three key Nile Basin countries met in Khartoum, seeking to resolve differences over Ethiopia’s soon-to-be-finished Blue Nile dam, which Cairo claims threatens its water supply. The meeting of the ministers from Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia was expected to last two days.
    (AP, 10/4/19)

2019        Oct 5, In Sudan irrigation ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan wrapped up a two-day meeting in Khartoum without resolving differences over Ethiopia's soon-to-be-finished Blue Nile dam. Egypt called for international mediation to help reach a "fair and balanced" agreement.
    (AP, 10/6/19)

2019        Oct 8, Egypt, Cyprus, and Greece condemned an "unlawful and unacceptable" bid by Turkey to drill inside waters where Cyprus has exclusive economic rights.
    (AP, 10/8/19)
2019        Oct 8, Egyptian authorities have released over 200 people who were among hundreds more arrested in a crackdown following small but rare anti-government protests last month. t 17 other suspects were released separately the previous evening.
    (AP, 10/8/19)

2019        Oct 9, Egypt denounced Ethiopia for moving forward with building and operating a hydropower dam on the Nile, which Cairo worries will threaten already scarce water supplies.
    (Reuters, 10/9/19)

2019        Oct 10, The family of Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a leading Egyptian pro-democracy activist, said that he was beaten, threatened and stripped to his underwear while in custody. Abdel-Fattah was arrested amid a recent clampdown following anti-government protests.
    (AP, 10/10/19)
2019        Oct 10, Egyptian security forces shot and killed a militant in the Mediterranean coastal city of el-Arish, before he could detonate his explosive-laden belt.
    (AP, 10/11/19)

2019        Oct 12, An Egyptian court sentenced six people to death on terror-related charges for carrying out a militant attack in January, 2016, outside a hotel near the famed Giza Pyramids. The Giza criminal court also sentenced eight defendants to life in prison on similar charges. Another 12 defendants received 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/12/19)
2019        Oct 12, In Egypt a shell hit a truck carrying civilians in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula, killing at least nine people of the same family.
    (AP, 10/12/19)
2019        Oct 12, In Egypt pro-democracy activist Esraa Abdel-Fattah was arrested. She was brought before prosecutors late the next day and ordered to remain in custody for 15 days. Abdel-Fattah told prosecutors she was tortured by police officers who beat her, attempted to strangle her and forced her to stay in a standing position for nearly eight hours. She remains in custody.
    (AP, 10/14/19)

2019        Oct 18, Egyptian authorities released 101 people who were among hundreds more arrested in a sweeping crackdown following small but rare anti-government protests last month. A local rights group tracking the arrests said security forces have rounded up around 3,700 people, including rights lawyers, activists, journalists and several foreign nationals since the protests on Sept. 20.
    (AP, 10/19/19)
2019        Oct 18, The UN condemned Egypt over the recent arrests of prominent activists and demanded that Cairo probe allegations that they were tortured by the security services while in custody.
    (AFP, 10/18/19)

2019        Oct 19, In Egypt shells hit two houses in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula, killing at least four civilians, including a child in the town of Sheikh Zuweid.
    (AP, 10/19/19)

2019        Oct 22, In Egypt at least seven people, including three children, were killed in the Nile Delta and Sinai regions after heavy rains pummeled Cairo and other parts of the country, causing massive traffic jams and flooding many key roads.
    (AP, 10/23/19)

2019        Oct 24, Egypt and Ethiopia agreed to resume talks over a giant Nile dam and reach a deal on sharing the vital waters, downplaying a recent escalation of tensions.
    (Bloomberg, 10/24/19)
2019        Oct 24, Egyptian authorities said the death toll from heavy rains that pummeled the capital of Cairo and other parts of the country this week has risen to 11.
    (AP, 10/24/19)

2019        Oct 28, An Egyptian train conductor forced two poor street vendors without tickets to jump off a moving train, leading to the death of one of the youths in the Nile Delta town of Tanta. The conductor was soon arrested.
    (AP, 10/29/19)
2019        Oct 28, In Egypt a police conscript was killed in a militant attack in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 10/29/19)

2019        Oct 29, Egyptian security forces killed 13 suspected militants in a raid in the Mediterranean coastal city of el-Arish' el-Obour neighborhood.
    (AP, 10/29/19)
2019        Oct 29, In Egypt at least four people were killed when a vehicle crashed into a train in the southern tourist city of Luxor.
    (AP, 10/29/19)

2019        Nov 9, In Egypt a roadside bomb killed two members of the security forces in Rafah, northern Sinai province.
    (AP, 11/9/19)

2028        It was feared in 1998 that Egypt's oasis at the Siwa depression would drown due to the increase in private wells. The 35 square mile area is 142 feet below sea level.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.A12)

2030        Egypt’s population was expected to reach 116 million by this year.
    (Econ., 2/21/16, p.72)

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