2011 Jan 10, Egypt said it aims
to generate 12% of its electricity needs by wind power and will
initiate wind-farm projects with a capacity of 2,690 megawatts over
the next five years.
2011 Jan 11, In Egypt an
off-duty Muslim police officer, Amer Ashour Abdel Zaher, opened fire
on a train, killing one Christian (71) and wounding 5 others. Zaher
was arrested after he fled the scene.
(SFC, 1/12/11, p.A2)
2011 Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds
of Christians demonstrated near a Cairo slum, blocking a major
highway and clashing with police following the Jan 11 shooting death
of a Christian man.
2011 Jan 17, Two men set
themselves on fire in Egypt and Mauritania, raising to three the
number of self-immolation attempts apparently influenced by a
similar action in Tunisia that helped trigger a popular uprising. In
Cairo Abdou Abdel-Monaam Hamadah (48) was taken to the hospital with
light burns. In Nouakchott Yacoub Ould Dahoud (43) torched himself
in his car and was rushed to a hospital.
2011 Jan 18, In Egypt Ahmed
Hashem el-Sayed (25), an unemployed man, died in a hospital after
setting himself on fire the previous evening in the port city of
Alexandria. Two men attempted to set themselves on fire in downtown
Cairo. Both survived.
2011 Jan 20, Egypt's highest
Islamic authority, al-Azhar, said it was freezing all dialogue with
the Roman Catholic Church over what it called Pope Benedict's
repeated insults toward Islam.
2011 Jan 23, North Korea's
leader Kim Jong Il held talks with an Orascom Telecom Executive
Naguib Sawiris, an Egyptian telecoms magnate. In 2008 Orascom set up
and began operating an advanced mobile phone network in North Korea.
2011 Jan 25, In Egypt thousands
of anti-government protesters, some hurling rocks and climbing atop
an armored police truck, clashed with riot police in the center of
Cairo in a Tunisia-inspired demonstration to demand the end of Hosni
Mubarak's nearly 30 years in power. A loose coalition had issued a
Facebook call for a “day of rage" to coincide with Police Day,
recently declared a national holiday. The interior minister said
authorities have arrested 19 Arabs suspected of having links to
al-Qaida en route to Iraq. Habib el-Adly said the suspects were
taken into custody before Jan 1.
(AP, 1/25/11)(Econ, 1/29/11, p.43)
2011 Jan 26, Thousands of
Egyptians defied a ban on protests by returning to Egypt's streets
and calling for President Hosni Mubarak to leave office, and some
scuffled with police. Police quickly moved in and used tear gas and
beatings to disperse the demonstrators. The crackdown saw hundreds
detained and left six people dead over two days.
(AP, 1/26/11)(AFP, 1/27/11)
2011 Jan 27, Egyptian police
fought protesters in two cities in eastern Egypt and Nobel Peace
Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei headed back to the country to join
demonstrators trying to oust President Hosni Mubarak. Egyptians
torched a police post in the eastern city of Suez over the killing
of protesters in anti-government demonstrations earlier in the week.
Activists outraged over unemployment and repression kept up the
momentum of the largest anti-government protests in years, taking to
the streets for the third straight day. Mubarak's ruling party said
it is ready to open a dialogue. Egypt's stock exchange suspended
trading temporarily after a sharp drop, amid the largest
anti-government protests in the country in three decades.
(Reuters, 1/27/11)(AP, 1/27/11)(AFP, 1/26/11)
2011 Jan 28, Egyptian security
officials said police have put Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed
ElBaradei under house arrest. Dozens of people were wounded as
police and demonstrators fought running battles on the streets of
Cairo in a fourth day of unprecedented protests by tens of thousands
of Egyptians demanding an end to President Hosni Mubarak's
three-decade rule. Looters broke into the Egyptian Museum during
anti-government protests late in the day and destroyed two Pharaonic
mummies. The “Friday of Rage" witnessed a heavy police crackdown on
tens of thousands of protesters. Policeman Mohammed Abdel-Moneim was
later sentenced to death for shooting 20 protesters. In 2012 his
death sentence was overturned.
(AP, 1/28/11)(Reuters, 1/28/11)(Reuters,
2011 Jan 28, British-based
Vodafone said the Egyptian government has ordered all mobile
telephone operators to suspend services "in selected areas" of the
country. Egypt's four primary Internet providers, Link Egypt,
Vodafone/Raya, Telecom Egypt, Etisalat Misr, and all went dark at
2011 Jan 29, Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak (82) named his intelligence chief and close confidant
Omar Suleiman as vice president, his first VP since coming to power
nearly 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of Egyptians snubbed
Mubarak's promised reforms and took their deadly revolt to the
streets for a fifth day. An enraged mob killed three police in the
Sinai town of Rafah, bringing the overall death toll from the
nationwide protests to at least 48 since Jan 25. Two Cairo mobile
phone networks came back on line, a day after all Egyptian operators
were told to cut services. State TV said wealthy business Ahmed Ezz,
a close confidante of the president's son and one of the targets for
protester criticism, has resigned from ruling party. The military
declined to block the latest rally and soldiers showed solidarity
(AP, 1/29/11)(AFP, 1/29/11)(Reuters,
1/29/11)(SSFC, 1/30/11, p.A5)
2011 Jan 29, Saudi Arabia's
stock exchange tumbled by over 6 percent, setting the stage for
other regional markets to drop as concerns mounted about the violent
protests in Egypt.
2011 Jan 30, Egyptian fighter
jets swooped low over Cairo in what appeared to be an attempt by the
military to show its control of a city beset by looting, armed
robbery and anti-government protests. Gangs of armed men attacked at
least four jails before dawn, helping to free hundreds of Muslim
militants and thousands of other inmates. The official death toll
from five days of growing crisis stood at 74, with thousands
injured. Al-Jazeera said that Egyptian authorities ordered the
closure of its Cairo news hub.
2011 Jan 30, Israeli officials
agreed to allow Egypt to move several hundred troops into the Sinai
peninsula for the first time since the countries reached peace three
2011 Jan 31, Egypt’s Pres.
Mubarak named a new government, but the lineup dominated by regime
stalwarts was greeted with scorn by protesters camped out for the
fourth day in the capital's central Tahrir Square. A coalition of
opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo's
streets Feb 1 to demand the removal of Mubarak. The official
death toll from the crisis stood at 97, with thousands injured, but
reports from witnesses across the country indicated the actual toll
was far higher. Mubarak appointed General Murad Mowafi, former north
Sinai governor, as head of Egyptian intelligence. The military
promised on state TV late in the day that it would not fire on
protesters answering a call for a million people to demonstrate the
next day. Vice President Omar Suleiman, appointed by Mubarak only
two days earlier in what could be a succession plan, went on state
TV to announce the offer of a dialogue with "political forces" for
constitutional and legislative reforms.
(AP, 1/31/11)(AFP, 1/31/11)(AP, 2/1/11)
2011 Feb 1, In Egypt more than
a quarter-million people flooded Cairo's main square in a stunning
and jubilant array of young and old, urban poor and middle class
professionals, mounting by far the largest protest yet in a week of
unrelenting demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after
nearly 30 years in power. A coalition of opposition groups told
Egypt's government that they would only begin talks with the
military on a transition to democracy once President Hosni Mubarak
stands down. Mubarak went on national television and rejected
demands he step down immediately and said he would serve out the
remaining seven months of his term.
(AP, 2/1/11)(Reuters, 2/1/11)(AP, 2/2/11)
2011 Feb 2, In Egypt several
thousand supporters of President Hosni Mubarak, including some
riding horses and camels and wielding whips, attacked
anti-government protesters as the upheaval took a dangerous new
turn. In scenes of chaos and pitched fighting, the two sides pelted
each other with stones, and protesters dragged attackers off their
horses. Egyptian troops fired warning shots in a bid to end clashes
with regime supporters and the protesters reacted jubilantly. The
government said three people were killed. The government began to
reinstate Internet service after days of an unprecedented cutoff,
and state TV announced the easing of a nighttime curfew. As many as
11 people were killed and over 1,000 wounded.
(AP, 2/2/11)(AFP, 2/2/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.28)
2011 Feb 3, Egypt's embattled
government announced a slew of measures aimed at defusing a bloody
revolt and taking back the initiative, as protesters battled
pro-regime militants for control of Cairo's Tahrir Square and
spurned an offer for talks. Egypt’s military rounded up journalists
after they came under attack from supporters of President Hosni
Mubarak who have been assaulting anti-government protesters. An army
tank moved against supporters of Mubarak as they hurled rocks at
anti-Mubarak protesters in central Cairo, prompting cheers from
demonstrators battered by overnight fighting that killed six. State
news agency MENA said Egypt's public prosecutor has issued a travel
ban on some ministers from the former government and at least one
former ruling party official, and froze their bank accounts.
Vodafone accused the Egyptian authorities of using its network to
send pro-government text messages to its subscribers, without clear
(AFP, 2/3/11)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/3/11)
2011 Feb 4, In Egypt protesters
demanding President Hosni Mubarak's ouster packed Cairo's central
square by the tens of thousands, waving flags, singing the national
anthem and cheering, appearing undaunted and determined after their
camp withstood two days of street battles with regime supporters
trying to dislodge them. At least 8 people have been killed in the
fighting and more than 800 injured. , Finance Minister Samir Radwan
said Egypt has created a 5 billion Egyptian pound ($854 million)
fund to compensate people for property damaged during the political
protests that have rocked the country. An Egyptian reporter who was
shot during clashes a week ago died of his wounds.
(AP, 2/4/11)(Reuters, 2/4/11)
2011 Feb 4, The New York Times
reported that US and Egyptian officials were discussing a plan for
Mubarak to turn power over now to a transitional government headed
by Vice President Omar Suleiman.
2011 Feb 5, Leaders of Egypt's
unprecedented wave of anti-government protests held talks with the
prime minister over ways to ease President Mubarak out of office,
but the government appeared to be digging in its heels. The top
executive committee of Egypt's ruling National Democratic Party
(NDP), which includes Mubarak's son Gamal, resigned en masse.
Secretary-general of the ruling party, Safwat el-Sharif, resigned in
a gesture to protesters carrying out a 12-day-old wave of
anti-government demonstrations. It was decided to name Hossam
Badrawi secretary general of the party.
(AP, 2/5/11)(AFP, 2/5/11)
2011 Feb 5, Unknown saboteurs
attacked an Egyptian pipeline supplying gas to Jordan, forcing
authorities to switch off gas supply from a twin pipeline to Israel.
Egypt supplies about 40 percent of Israel's natural gas. The attack
came after Israel expressed concern that its natural gas supplies
from Egypt could be threatened if a new regime takes power in Cairo.
2011 Feb 6, Egypt's VP Omar
Suleiman met a broad representation of major opposition groups,
including the Muslim Brotherhood, for the first time and agreed to
allow freedom of the press, to release those detained since
anti-government protests began nearly two weeks and ago and to lift
the country's hated emergency laws when security permits.
(AP, 2/6/11)(AFP, 2/6/11)
2011 Feb 7, Egypt's embattled
regime announced a 15% increase in salaries and pensions in the
latest attempt to defuse popular anger amid protests demanding Pres.
Mubarak's ouster. The regime appeared confident in its ability for
the moment to ride out the unprecedented storm of unrest, and
maintain its grip on power, at least until September elections.
Mubarak's new cabinet held its first full meeting since an uprising
started nearly two weeks ago.
(AP, 2/7/11)(Reuters, 2/7/11)
2011 Feb 7, In Egypt Wael
Ghonim (30), a Google Inc. marketing manager, was released from 12
days of detention and gave an emotionally charged television
interview, sobbing at times over those who have been killed. He
dubbed the protests "the revolution of the youth of the Internet."
He was a key organizer of the online campaign that sparked the first
protest on Jan 25.
2011 Feb 8, In Egypt a massive
crowd of anti-government protesters poured into Cairo's Tahrir
Square again, joined for the first time by Wael Ghonim, a young
leader of the campaign the day after he was released from detention.
Egypt's military was not allowing foreign journalists without
credentials to enter Cairo's Tahrir Square, part of what an
international press watchdog called new obstacles in covering the
ongoing crisis. Foreign journalists already with credentials were
allowed into the square.
2011 Feb 9, Egypt's
anti-government activists pushed to expand their protests and sought
to drum up labor unrest as thousands launched strikes at state firms
and offices around the country, in defiance of the vice president's
warning that demonstrations calling for President Hosni Mubarak's
ouster would not be tolerated for much longer.
2011 Feb 10, Egypt’s state
television reported that the state prosecutor has launched a formal
corruption investigation against three former government ministers
and a former ruling party leader. In a late night speech President
Hosni Mubarak handed most of his powers to his vice president but
refused to step down. Shock that Mubarak did not step down turned to
rage the next day, and protests escalated.
(Reuters, 2/10/11)(AP, 2/10/11)(AP, 2/11/11)
2011 Feb 11, Egypt's powerful
military tried to defuse outrage over President Hosni Mubarak's
refusal to step down, assuring it would guarantee promised reforms.
But hundreds of thousands only grew angrier, deluging squares in at
least three major cities and marching on presidential palaces and
the state TV building for a Day of Martyrs. Mubarak flew to the
Sinai resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, some 250 miles away from the
turmoil. Mubarak stepped down as Egypt's president following 18 days
of mass protests, handing over to the army and ending three decades
of autocratic rule. Vice President Omar Suleiman named a military
council to run the country's affairs. Cairo erupted in a cacophony
of celebration: fireworks and car horns and gunshots in the air.
Defense Minister Hussein Tantawi (75) took power from Mubarak. CBS
correspondent Lara Logan was beaten and sexually assaulted by a mob
while covering the jubilation in Cairo's Tahrir Square. She was
saved by a group of women and an estimated 20 Egyptian soldiers.
About 23,000 of the nation's 80,000 prisoners escaped during the
18-day uprising that lead to the ouster of President Hosanna
(AP, 2/11/11)(Reuters, 2/11/11)(AP, 2/12/11)(AP,
2/16/11)(Reuters, 2/16/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.28)(AP, 3/11/11)
2011 Feb 11, Switzerland froze
any assets belonging to Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak or his family.
(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A5)
2011 Feb 12, Egypt’s ruling
military pledged to eventually hand power to an elected civilian
government and reassured allies that Egypt will abide by its peace
treaty with Israel after the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak, as
it outlined the first cautious steps in a promised transition to
greater democracy. Human Rights Watch documented 302 deaths thus
far, many of them victims of police gunfire on the nights of Jan 28
(AP, 2/12/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.27)
2011 Feb 12, At least 13
Egyptians died and nearly two dozen were injured when a 6-storey
building collapsed in the southern tourist town of Luxor.
2011 Feb 13, Egypt's military
leaders dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution, meeting
two key demands of protesters who have been keeping up pressure for
immediate steps to transition to democratic. The military said they
would govern only for six months or until elections took place,
following the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak.
(AP, 2/13/11)(Reuters, 2/13/11)
2011 Feb 14, Egypt's
470,000-strong military delivered an ultimatum to dozens of
committed protesters in Tahrir Square, nerve center of a movement
that toppled Hosni Mubarak, to leave and let life return to normal
or face arrest. Military rulers called for an end to strikes and
protests as thousands of state employees, from ambulance drivers to
police and transport workers, demonstrated to demand better pay.
Officials said Egypt's stock exchange will remain closed through the
end of the week, as a strike by public sector bank workers added to
the challenges facing the country since the ouster of President
2011 Feb 14, A senior US
official said the US has received requests from Egypt's new
government to freeze the assets of officials who worked for ousted
Egyptian Pres. Mubarak.
2011 Feb 15, Egypt's military
regime warned that a wave of strikes sweeping the country was
"disastrous", as it gave a panel of civilian experts 10 days to
revise the constitution. The long banned Muslim Brotherhood said it
intends to form a political party once democracy is established, as
the country's new military rulers launched a panel of experts to
amend the country's constitution enough to allow democratic
elections later this year.
(AFP, 2/15/11)(AP, 2/15/11)
2011 Feb 16, Egypt’s ruling
military council issued its 2nd statement in 3 days calling for an
immediate halt to all labor unrest. Airport employees protested for
better pay, but did not disrupt flights. Textile workers struck to
demand a corruption investigation and residents of a Suez Canal city
pressed for closing a chemical factory they say is dumping toxic
waste into a lake.
2011 Feb 16, International
migration officials said nearly 100 Egyptians have arrived in Italy
in two boats, as fears rose about a wave of people trying to reach
Europe because of turmoil in the Arab world.
2011 Feb 17, At least 1,500
Egyptian workers from the Suez Canal Authority protested for better
pay in three cities straddling the strategic waterway.
2011 Feb 18, In Egypt hundreds
of thousands of flag-waving Egyptians packed into central Tahrir
Square for a day of celebration to mark the fall of longtime leader
Hosni Mubarak a week ago and push their new military rulers to steer
the country toward reform.
2011 Feb 19, An Egyptian court
licensed the Al-Wasat Al-Jadid (the New Center), a moderate Islamic
party founded in 1996, after its application for legal status was
turned down four times by the former Egyptian government.
2011 Feb 20, Egyptian banks
opened after a week-long closure as the economy struggled to get
back on its feet after political turmoil caused by the uprising that
toppled Hosni Mubarak and subsequent labor protests. Workers at Misr
Spinning and Weaving, Egypt's largest factory, ended a strike and
went back to work after the strikers' main demands were met.
(Reuters, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)
2011 Feb 21, Egypt asked
Britain for its support in seeking debt forgiveness from Europe, in
the latest push to boost an economy bruised by weeks of protests
that toppled Pres. Mubarak. Egypt owed the EU member states about $9
billion. According to central bank figures the country's total
foreign debt stood at about $34.7 billion as of the end of September
2011 Feb 21, Egypt's prosecutor
general requested a freeze on the foreign assets of Hosni Mubarak
and his family, 10 days after the longtime president resigned in the
face of a popular uprising.
2011 Feb 22, Egypt's foreign
ministry told its embassies in the Arab world and Western countries
to seek a freeze on the assets of former President Hosni Mubarak and
his family. Massive labor protests and strikes turned violent, with
the deputy head of one public sector company being beaten to death
by irate workers.
(Reuters, 2/22/11)(AP, 2/22/11)
2011 Feb 23, In Egypt a
security official said hundreds of low-ranking police have set fire
to parts of the security headquarters in Cairo after four days of
protests to demand better salaries. The killing of a Coptic
Christian priest in southern Egypt triggered street demonstrations
by several thousand Christians.
2011 Feb 24, Egyptian
authorities arrested the country's former information minister and
the chairman of state TV and radio on corruption allegations.
2011 Feb 25, In Egypt tens of
thousands rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, trying to keep up
pressure on Egypt's military rulers to carry out reforms and calling
for the dismissal of holdovers from the regime of ousted President
2011 Feb 26, Egypt's ruling
military council apologized after military police a day earlier beat
protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square. activists called for fresh
protests to denounce violence by the authorities. A judicial
committee formed to draft changes to Egypt's constitution proposed
capping to eight years the time a president can stay in office and
loosening the rules that curbed competition for the post.
(AFP, 2/26/11)(Reuters, 2/26/11)
2011 Feb 27, Villagers in
southern Egypt blocked the Assiut-Cairo highway with burning tires
and set fire to three government buildings to protest official
corruption. More than 2,000 employees of the Assiut provincial
government went on strike.
2011 Feb 28, Egypt's top
prosecutor seized all the funds of ousted leader Hosni Mubarak and
his family and banned them from travel abroad.
2011 Mar 3, Egypt's military
rulers said the prime minister appointed by ousted President Hosni
Mubarak has resigned, meeting a key demand of the opposition protest
movement. The military chose former Transport Minister Essam Sharaf
as the new prime minister and asked him to form a new caretaker
Cabinet to run the government throughout a transition back to
2011 Mar 4, Egypt's top
archaeologist, Zahi Hawass, warned that the country's antiquity
sites were being looted by criminals amid the country's political
upheaval as he announced he would no longer serve in his ministerial
post in the government. Hundreds of protesters attempted to storm a
building belonging to the internal security service in Alexandria in
an outpouring of anger at the agency blamed for some of the worst
human rights violations during ousted President Hosni Mubarak's
2011 Mar 5, Egyptians turned
their anger toward his internal security apparatus, storming the
agency's main headquarters and other offices seizing documents to
keep them from being destroyed to hide evidence of human rights
abuses. Christian and Muslim families have clashed south of Cairo in
a dispute over a romance between children from the two families. The
fathers from both families have been killed and a crowd of Muslims
torched a church in Soul.
2011 Mar 8, An Egyptian court
rejected an appeal by ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his family
against a top prosecutor's move to seize funds that could total in
the billions of dollars. Clashes also broke out when a Muslim mob
attacked thousands of Christians protesting the burning of a Cairo
church. At least 13 people were killed and some 140 wounded.
(AP, 3/8/11)(AP, 3/9/11)
2011 Mar 8, In Egypt a protest
by hundreds of women demanding equal rights and an end to sexual
harassment turned violent when crowds of men heckled and shoved the
demonstrators, telling them to go home where they belong.
2011 Mar 9, In Egypt attackers,
said to be pro-Mubarak thugs, armed with knives and machetes waded
into hundreds of pro-democracy activists in Cairo's Tahrir Square,
as insecurity raged. Military authorities detained women in Tahrir
Square and forced 18 of them to undergo “virginity tests."
(AFP, 3/9/11)(SFC, 6/1/11, p.A6)(SFC, 6/28/11,
2011 Mar 11, Egyptian officials
said 4 top security officials have been jailed for ordering police
to shoot and kill protesters during the country’s 18-day uprising.
(SFC, 3/12/11, p.A3)
2011 Mar 14, In Egypt young
militants who spearheaded the pro-democracy revolution called for a
"no" vote in next weekend's referendum on constitutional reform.
They called for a new constitution and an extension of the
transitional period with the formation of a presidential council.
2011 Mar 15, Egypt's interior
minister dissolved the country's widely hated state security agency.
2011 Mar 18, In Egypt
pro-democracy activists flocked to Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square for
a new protest to urge a "no" vote in a weekend referendum on the
military's plans for the future after Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
2011 Mar 19, Egyptians lined up
by the hundreds to vote on constitutional amendments sponsored by
the ruling military. Voters overwhelmingly approved changes in the
constitution, opening the way for parliamentary and presidential
elections within months. Over 14 million voted yes versus some
4 million voting no. The turnout was about 41% of eligible voters.
(AP, 3/19/11)(AP, 3/21/11)(Econ, 3/26/11, p.55)
2011 Mar 20, In Egypt 3 men
kidnapped and raped a woman (24) after stopping a vehicle at gun
point. She was driving with a male relative. In April a military
court in Ismailiya ordered the execution of the three men who were
convicted of the kidnapping and rape. In Qena province Muslim
vigilantes arrested Anwar Mitri (45), a school administrator and
Coptic Christian, for renting a flat to a woman they claimed was a
prostitute and for allegedly having sex with her. Mitri was tried
and had his ear lopped off.
(AFP, 4/11/11)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.21)
2011 Mar 21, The European Union
froze the assets of ousted Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and 18
people in his inner circle.
2011 Mar 22, In Egypt the
Interior Ministry in Cairo was set on fire during a protest by
police officers demanding more pay and better working conditions.
The fire largely gutted one wing of the 7-story building.
(SFC, 3/23/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 23, Egypt's stock
market plunged almost 9 percent, with foreign investors leading a
sell-off in the market's first session in nearly two months
following a shutdown linked to the mass protests that toppled former
President Hosni Mubarak. The military government handed down new
constitutional rules easing curbs that choked political life under
Mubarak, opening the door for the formation of new parties that will
compete in elections this year.
(AP, 3/23/11)(Reuters, 3/24/11)(SFC, 3/24/11,
2011 Mar 23, Amnesty
International condemned the "shocking" treatment of 18 women
protesters in Egypt after serious allegations that the army
subjected them to torture and forced "virginity tests."
2011 Mar 28, Egypt's Supreme
Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), a group of 24 senior officers,
said on its website that ousted president Hosni Mubarak and his
family are under house arrest, denying that the former leader had
fled to Saudi Arabia. Members of an ultraconservative Muslim sect
clashed with villagers south of Cairo over demands that a liquor
store and coffee shops be closed a sign of the increasing
assertiveness of the fundamentalist Salafi movement.
(AFP, 3/28/11)(AP, 3/29/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.59)
2011 Mar 30, Egypt's military
rulers issued an interim constitution under which the transitional
administration will run the country until elections allow power to
be returned to an elected government. The military rulers said that
the country's first presidential elections since the ouster of
longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak will be held by November.
2011 Apr 1, In Egypt thousands
of people filled Tahrir Square to call for Egypt's military
government to harshly punish members of ex-President Hosni Mubarak's
2011 Apr 3, In Egypt gunmen
abducted Zeina Effat Sadat (12) the grandniece of the late leader
Anwar Sadat, in the upscale Cairo suburb of Heliopolis. They
released her nearly 24 hours later for 5 million pounds (about
$840,000) in ransom on the desert road from Cairo to the
Mediterranean city of Alexandria. Police on April 4 arrested six men
for their alleged part in the kidnapping. A briefcase with 2 million
pounds (about $340,000) was found on the men.
2011 Apr 4, Egypt's foreign
minister said Cairo is ready to re-establish diplomatic ties with
Tehran after a break of more than 30 years signaling a shift in Iran
policy since the fall of President Hosni Mubarak.
2011 Apr 6, In Egypt
authorities arrested Mohammed Ibrahim Suleiman, the former housing
minister (1993-2006), on suspicion he was involved in the illegal
sale of state lands for cut-rate prices. Suleiman's successor, Ahmed
Maghrabi, was also being investigated.
2011 Apr 8, In Egypt tens of
thousands waved flags and shouted slogans in Cairo's central Tahrir
Square, demanding that Hosni Mubarak and his family be put on trial
over allegations of corruption in one of the biggest protests since
Mubarak was ousted two months ago.
2011 Apr 9, Egypt’s military
stormed Tahrir Square to disperse some 2000 protesters. At least one
demonstrator was shot dead and 71 others injured.
(SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A7)
2011 Apr 10, In Egypt more than
1,000 protesters ignored an army order to leave Cairo's main square,
extending into a third day their calls for a quick move to civilian
rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials.
2011 Apr 11, In Egypt A few
hundred protesters defied an army demand to quit Cairo's Tahrir
Square, vowing to stay until the ruling military council heeds their
demand for civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials. A
military court jailed blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad (26) to three years
in prison for criticizing the armed forces. Safwat al-Sherif, head
of Egypt's former ruling party and a longtime stalwart of the regime
of ousted Pres. Mubarak, was detained on charges of corruption.
(Reuters, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/11/11)(AFP,
4/12/11)(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 12, Egypt’s former
Pres. Mubarak was hospitalized after suffering an alleged heart
attack. State media indicated the hospital visit may have been a
ploy to escape legal problems.
(SFC, 4/13/11, p.A3)
2011 Apr 13, Egypt's ousted
President Hosni Mubarak was put under detention in his hospital room
for investigation on accusations of corruption, abuse of power and
killings of protesters. His sons Alaa and Gamal were taken to Tora
Prison outside Cairo.
(AP, 4/13/11)(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A3)
2011 Apr 15, Egypt's top
prosecutor ordered deposed President Hosni Mubarak to be moved from
a hospital at a Red Sea resort to a military hospital for
questioning about the deaths of protesters and allegations of
corruption and abuse of power.
2011 Apr 16, An Egyptian court
ordered the dissolving of the country's former ruling party and the
confiscation of its assets, meeting a major demand of the protest
movement that ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
2011 Apr 17, Egypt put two
former top ministers on trial, widening a crackdown on graft as the
ruling generals seek to show their seriousness about ending the
corruption that led to President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
2011 Apr 19, An Egyptian
government fact-finding mission said at least 846 people were killed
and over 6,400 injured during the popular uprising that toppled
longtime president Hosni Mubarak.
2011 Apr 22, In southern Egypt
tens of thousands, led by hard-line Islamists, protested the
appointment of a Coptic Christian governor in Qena province.
2011 Apr 25, Egypt's premier
suspended Emad Mikhail, a Christian governor linked to the ousted
Mubarak regime, after his appointment sparked protests in restive
2011 Apr 27, In Egypt masked
gunmen blew up a natural gas terminal near the border with Israel,
sending flames shooting into the air in the early hours of the
morning and forcing the shutdown of the country's gas export
pipeline to Israel and Jordan. Suspicion immediately fell on Sinai
Bedouins angered by what they see as the neglect of their areas by
the central government or Muslim militants opposed to the export of
natural gas to Israel.
2011 Apr 28, Egypt's new
foreign minister, Nabil al-Araby, said that the closure of the key
Rafah border crossing with the Palestinian Gaza Strip was about to
end, calling the decision to close the crossing "a disgusting
matter" in an interview with Al-Jazeera.
2011 Apr 29, An Egyptian
soldier of the border guard unit was killed in an exchange of
gunfire with tunnel smugglers near the border with Gaza.
2011 Apr 29, In Egypt at least
20 people drowned in the Nile while on a trip to visit the grave of
a relative. 5 people were also missing after a minibus hired for the
traditional graveyard visit slipped from the ferry that carried it
across the river in Beni Suef province.
2011 Apr 30, Egypt's Muslim
Brotherhood, the country's best organized movement, announced the
formation of a party to contest up to half of parliament's seats in
a September election.
2011 May 2, The Swiss
government said it has identified potential assets belonging to
Libya’s Moammar Khadafy and his entourage amounting to $415 million.
Assets of $473 million were also found linked to Egypt’s Hosni
Mubarak and $69 million to Tunisia’s Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali.
(SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA2)
2011 May 4, In Egypt hundreds
of diehard supporters of ousted president Hosni Mubarak clashed with
his foes in central Cairo leaving dozens injured.
2011 May 4, Rival Palestinian
factions Fatah and Hamas proclaimed a landmark, Egyptian-mediated
reconciliation pact signed in Cairo aimed at ending their bitter
four-year rift. Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal said that his Islamist
movement would work to achieve the "Palestinian national goal" of a
sovereign state on the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Gaza's Hamas rulers
executed a man convicted of collaborating with Israel. His execution
was the 11th in Gaza since Hamas violently wrested control of the
territory in June 2007.
(AP, 5/4/11)(AFP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/5/11)(Econ,
2011 May 5, In Egypt former
President Hosni Mubarak's top security official was convicted of
corruption and money laundering and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
2011 May 7, In Egypt 13 people
died in clashes in a Cairo suburb sparked by unconfirmed suspicions
that Christians had abducted a woman who converted to Islam. On May
9 authorities said they have arrested the "mastermind" behind the
(Reuters, 5/8/11)(AFP, 5/10/11)(SFC, 5/10/11,
2011 May 8, Egypt's army said
that 190 people would be tried in military courts over sectarian
violence a day earlier that left 13 people dead.
(Reuters, 5/8/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)
2011 May 9, Egyptian
authorities detained 23 more people in connection with recent
clashes between Muslims and Christians, including two people
suspected of sparking riots over the weekend that left a Cairo
church torched and 13 people dead. Hundreds of Christians continued
their sit-in outside Egypt's state TV building, saying they fear an
Islamic state is in the making.
(AP, 5/9/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)
2011 May 10, An Egyptian court
convicted the country's ex-tourism minister of corruption and
sentenced him to five years in prison, making him the second
high-ranking official to be found guilty since President Hosni
2011 May 12, In Egypt Abeer
Fakhri, , a Christian woman whose affair with a Muslim sparked
deadly sectarian clashes, was detained and faced charges that
2011 May 13, Egyptian
authorities on ordered the detention of Suzanne Mubarak, wife of
deposed President Hosni Mubarak. Thousands of Egyptians took to the
streets to push their military rulers to do more to help
(AP, 5/13/11)(Reuters, 5/13/11)
2011 May 14, In Egypt Bothaina
Kamel (48) a political activist, TV presenter and a candidate for
president, was hauled in for questioning because of her outspoken
criticism of the nation's military rulers and said she is facing
allegations of slandering a top official and the military. Clashes
between Muslims and Christians in the center of Cairo left 51 people
wounded, as Coptic Christians pursued a sit-in protest against the
(AP, 5/14/11)(AFP, 5/15/11)
2011 May 15, Egyptian Foreign
Minister Nabil al-Araby was elected the new secretary-general of the
(SFC, 5/16/11, p.A2)
2011 May 15, Egypt's Pope
Shenouda, head of the Orthodox Coptic church, called on Christians
to abandon a demonstration against attacks on their community after
a clash overnight left 78 wounded.
2011 May 16, Egyptian riot
police fired tear gas and live ammunition overnight to disperse
thousands of pro-Palestinian protesters outside the Israeli Embassy
in Cairo, and a security official said that at least 185
demonstrators were arrested over allegations of attacking police and
2011 May 16, An Egyptian
military court sentenced the 17-year-old and three other men to be
hanged for kidnapping and raping a young woman.
2011 May 17, Egypt's Justice
Ministry ordered the wife of former president Hosni Mubarak released
from custody without bail. Suzanne Mubarak was released after
handing over her assets to the state, as her husband pledged to do
the same in a bid to secure an amnesty.
(AP, 5/17/11)(AFP, 5/17/11)
2011 May 18, Egypt’s Muslim
Brotherhood said the party it formed to contest elections has chosen
a Christian intellectual as vice president and numbers almost 100
Coptic Christians among its founding members.
2011 May 19, Amnesty
International said Egyptian authorities continue to restrict freedom
of assembly, torture detainees and try civilians in military courts,
highlighting the urgent need for reform.
2011 May 22, An Egyptian court
condemned a policeman to death for killing 20 protesters, in the
first such sentencing of a security forces member for the murder of
demonstrators during a January-February revolt.
2011 May 24, Egypt’s ousted
leader Hosni Mubarak and his two sons were referred to a criminal
court on suspicion of graft and ordering deadly fire against
2011 May 24, World Bank Pres.
Robert Zoellick said it will provide up to $6 billion to Egypt and
Tunisia to help them modernize their economies as they undertake
democratic reforms after the ouster of their longtime presidents.
2011 May 25, Egypt decided to
end its blockade of Gaza by opening the only crossing to the
Hamas-ruled Palestinian territory on May 28, easing the isolation of
1.4 million Palestinians there.
2011 May 26, In Egypt a Cairo
criminal court sentenced former housing minister Ahmed al-Maghrabi
to five years in prison on corruption charges and fined him over an
illegal land deal.
(AFP, 5/26/11)(Reuters, 5/26/11)
2011 May 27, In Egypt thousands
of protesters returned to downtown Cairo's Tahrir Square for what
they called a "second revolution," calling for Egypt's military
rulers to speed up the pace of democratic reforms in a country that
is still charting its political future.
2011 May 27, Pres. Obama and
other G8 leaders wrapped up a 2-day summit in France and announced
plans for a $40 billion in aid to support democracy in Egypt,
Tunisia and the rest of North Africa.
(SFC, 5/28/11, p.A3)
2011 May 28, An Egyptian
administrative court fined ousted President Hosni Mubarak and two
former officials 540 million Egyptian pounds ($91 million) for
cutting off mobile and internet services during protests in January.
Egypt charged former Information Minister Anas el-Fekky with
"deliberately causing financial harm" to the state-run Radio and
2011 May 28, Egypt lifted a
four-year-old blockade on the Gaza Strip's main link to the outside
world, bringing relief to the crowded territory's 1.5 million
Palestinians but deepening a rift with Israel since the ouster of
President Hosni Mubarak earlier this year.
2011 May 31, Egypt’s
transitional government imposed a quote of no more than 400
passengers a day for crossing into Egypt at Rafah. A blacklist of
5,000 Gazans, who would not be allowed to cross, was reinstated.
(Econ, 6/4/11, p.58)
2011 May 31, Mahmoud Abdel
Salam Omar (74), former chairman of Egypt's Bank of Alexandria, was
arrested in NYC for allegedly assaulting a hotel maid the previous
evening. On June 24 Omar pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor sexual
abuse charge, acknowledging he kissed the woman on the lips and neck
and touched her breasts after she brought tissues to his room at the
posh Pierre hotel. He completed five days of community service in a
soup kitchen, and his case will be closed without jail time or
probation if he stays out of trouble for a year.
2011 Jun 4, An Egyptian court
convicted former finance minister Youssef Boutros-Ghali in absentia
and sentenced him to 30 years in prison for profiteering and abusing
state and private assets. Egypt's public prosecutor referred 48
people to trial for their involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian
clashes last month. Hundreds of angry protesters pelted a Cairo
police station overnight and torched an armored vehicle. Police
fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. Officials said they're
investigating the death of bus driver Mohammed Nasr, who was beaten
following a fight with a police officer. A truck driver drove
through a checkpoint in the northern Sinai city of el-Arish, killing
three soldiers and badly injuring a fourth as they slept in their
(Reuters, 6/4/11)(AFP, 6/4/11)(AP, 6/4/11)
2011 Jun 4, Egypt shut its
border crossing with Gaza for the first time since opening it on a
routine basis last month. Angry Palestinians stormed the gates in
protest. An Egyptian security source said the terminal was shut for
maintenance and may reopen in a day.
2011 Jun 5, The International
Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed a $3 billion financing deal with Egypt
and praised the policies of an interim government struggling to
stabilize the economy after the popular uprising.
2011 Jun 12, In Egypt Ilan
Grapel, an Israeli legal aid worker, was arrested in Cairo on
suspicion of spying. In October Israel’s government announced plans
for his release in exchange for 25 Egyptian prisoners. The exchange
took place on Oct 27.
(SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)
2011 Jun 13, Egypt’s military
told human rights advocates that at least 7,000 civilians have been
sentenced to prison terms by military courts since the ouster of
Pres. Hosni Mubarak.
(SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011 Jun 16, Spain’s National
Police arrested Hussein Salem, an Egyptian associate of ousted
president Hosni Mubarak, in Mallorca. Police the next day said he
had obtained money illegally in Egypt and sent it to accounts in
Spain held by his family. Spain froze euro33 million ($47 million)
in accounts held by Salem, who is also wanted back home.
2011 Jun 22, In Egypt
unidentified assailants have killed two policemen and wounded
another two when they opened fire on their patrol in northern Sinai.
2011 Jun 23, An Egyptian state
security court sentenced Tareq Hassan, an Egyptian businessman, to
25 years in prison for spying for Israel. Two Israeli citizens were
also sentenced in absentia to 25 years in jail.
2011 Jun 25, Egypt’s Finance
Minister Samir Radwan said Egypt said it will not borrow from the
World Bank and International Monetary Fund after revising its budget
and cutting the forecast deficit, even though a loan had been
2011 Jun 25, An Egyptian court
sentenced Rachid Mohammed Rachid, the country's former industry and
commerce minister, to five years in prison. Rachid, who was
convicted in absentia of embezzling public funds, fled Cairo after
the uprising that forced Mubarak from power.
2011 Jun 26, In Egypt hundreds
of protesters angry with the delays in the trial of ex-interior
minister Habib Adly clashed with anti-riot police outside the
2011 Jun 28, An Egyptian court
ordered the dissolution of more than 1,750 municipal councils, seen
as one of the last vestiges of Hosni Mubarak's rule. Security forces
clashed with some 5,000 protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir Square.
Protesters demanded that the country's military rulers speed up the
prosecution of security officers responsible for February protester
(AP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011 Jun 29, Egyptian security
forces clashed with hundreds of youths for a second day in Cairo
over demands that the country's military rulers speed up the
prosecution of police officers accused of brutality during mass
protests that forced Hosni Mubarak to step down.
2011 Jul 1, In Egypt hundreds
rallied in Cairo's landmark Tahrir Square demanding speedy trials
for former regime figures and policemen accused of killing
protesters during the 18-day revolt earlier this year.
2011 Jul 3, In Egypt the trial
began of 48 people accused of involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian
clashes on May 7 that left 12 people dead. Police and soldiers
arrested around 50 people from the shanty town of Ezbet Abu Qarn in
a drugs raid.
(AFP, 7/3/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)
2011 Jul 3, Egypt's Nabil
al-Arabi formally replaced his compatriot Amr Mussa as secretary
general of the Arab League.
2011 Jul 4, In Egypt saboteurs
bombed a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula, sending flames into
the sky and cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan. 7 policemen
charged with killing protesters were ordered released on bail. Angry
families stormed a station where the suspects from Ezbet Abu Qarn
were being held, triggering clashes with security forces in which an
18-year-old boy was killed.
(AFP, 7/4/11)(AP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)
2011 Jul 5, An Egyptian court
acquitted three Hosni Mubarak-era ministers of corruption charges
while finding a fourth guilty in absentia. Judge Mohammed Fathi
Sadek found not guilty Ahmed Maghrabi, Yousef Boutros-Ghali and Anas
el-Fiqqi, former ministers of housing, finance and information,
respectively. The court found former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed
Rachid and two businessmen guilty of squandering public funds and
profiteering. Rachid and one of the businessmen were sentenced in
absentia to five years in prison.
2011 Jul 5, The EU announced
action against Egyptian bean and seed imports, after tests indicated
that a 15-ton batch of Egyptian fenugreek seeds imported in 2009 to
Germany and then distributed elsewhere was at the root of an E.coli
outbreak that killed 50 people.
2011 Jul 6, In Egypt hundreds
of protesters pelted the security headquarters in the city of Suez
with rocks, angered by a court's decision to uphold the release of
seven policemen facing trials for allegedly killing 17 protesters in
Suez during Egypt's uprising. In a bid to defuse rising anger, the
Interior Ministry announced that hundreds of high-ranking police
officers will be sacked for their role in the harsh crackdown.
2011 Jul 8, Egyptians held one
of their biggest protests in months as tens of thousands took to the
streets in Cairo and other cities to demand justice for victims of
Hosni Mubarak's regime and press the country's new military rulers
for a clear plan on transition to democracy.
2011 Jul 9, Prosecutor in
Egypt's second city Alexandria ordered the arrest of 12 police
officers accused of torturing to death Sayed Belal, a Salafi
fundamentalist and suspect in a deadly New Year's church attack. PM
Essam Sharaf pledged to meet the demands of protesters with a series
of measures. Sharaf soon called for Interior Minister Mansour
el-Issawi to fire 400 police officers accused of killing protesters.
El-Issawi balked saying firing them would be illegal.
(AFP, 7/9/11)(AFP, 7/10/11)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.A3)
2011 Jul 10, In Egypt
protesters camped out at a central Cairo square blocked access to
the Egyptian capital's largest government building and threatened to
lay siege to the nearby Interior Ministry and state TV building if
their demands are not met. The protesters demanded justice for the
nearly 900 protesters killed by security forces during the 18-day
uprising that toppled longtime leader Hosni Mubarak in February.
2011 Jul 12, Egypt's ruling
military council insisted that it will not cede control over the
transition from ousted president Hosni Mubarak's regime amid
mounting anger over its handling of it. Anti-government protesters
said about 30 assailants carrying knives and sticks stormed their
tent camp in Cairo's central square, injuring six people. The
official MENA news reported that saboteurs have bombed a gas
pipeline in the Sinai peninsula for the fourth time since February,
cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
(AP, 7/12/11)(AFP, 7/12/11)
2011 Jul 13, Egypt’s
transitional military government announced the early retirement of
600 senior police officers in an effort to mollify protesters. 54
lower ranking officers were shifted to jobs where they no longer
interact with civilians.
(SFC, 7/14/11, p.A2)
2011 Jul 14, Switzerland
suspended imports of some seeds, beans and sprouts from Egypt, after
the EU blamed Egyptian fenugreek seeds for E.coli outbreaks in
Germany and France. The temporary ban would expire in October 31,
2011, in line with the EU's suspension.
2011 Jul 15, In Egypt thousands
of protesters rallied across the country, capping a week of
nationwide sit-ins to demand political change as anger grows with
the military rulers over the slow pace of reform.
2011 Jul 17, Egypt's PM Essam
Sharaf named 12 new Cabinet members in a reshuffle under pressure
from protesters demanding a purge of remnants of the former regime.
2011 Jul 19, Egypt's interior
minister ordered 54 police officers, on trial for killing
protesters, be transferred to desk jobs in the ministry.
2011 Jul 20, In Egypt Maj. Gen.
Mamdouh Shaheen presented a new law barring foreign monitors for
upcoming parliamentary elections. He said Egyptian election monitors
will observe the process instead.
2011 Jul 23, In Egypt groups of
men armed with knives and sticks attacked thousands of protesters
trying to march to the headquarters of the military rulers, setting
off fierce street clashes and leaving more than 300 injured. The
identity of the pro-army vigilantes could not immediately be
(AP, 7/23/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.41)
2011 Jul 29, In Egypt tens of
thousands of people filled Cairo's central Tahrir Square for a rally
that turned into a show of force for ultraconservative Salafi
Muslims and other Islamists in their growing rift with liberal
activists. 150 men in trucks and on motorbikes rampaged through
El-Arish, firing assault rifles in the air, driving terrified
residents into their homes. 3 civilians, an army officer and a
police officer were killed in clashes that followed, and 19 people
wounded. Armed forces arrested 12 men, including 3 Palestinians,
suspected of involvement in the attack.
(AP, 7/29/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)
2011 Jul 30, In Egypt
unidentified gunmen attacked a terminal on the gas pipeline to
Israel for the fifth time since February.
2011 Aug 5, Egyptian army
troops wielding batons and firing in the air dispersed dozens of
activists holding a traditional Ramadan meal in Cairo's central
2011 Aug 7, In Egypt a Coptic
Christian was killed and four Muslims were wounded in clashes in the
southern province of Minya after clashes triggered by a road
2011 Aug 9, Dozens of Egyptians
angered by the absence of police protection in their town set fire
to a police station In Garga after looting its armory and freeing
jailed inmates. The crowd stormed the police station in protest at
what they said was the police's failure to protect them from attacks
from a neighboring village. The trouble between Garga and the
neighboring village of Nagaa Uweis began Aug 7 after a fight between
two drivers, one from Garga and the other from Nagaa Uweis,
escalated into a gunfight.
2011 Aug 12, In Egypt hundreds
of protesters rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, briefly scuffling
with riot police and defying the military rulers who are eager to
prevent any demonstrations in the iconic square since forcefully
clearing a weekslong sit-in by youth activists last week.
2011 Aug 13, Egypt's largest
political group, the Muslim Brotherhood, warned the country's
military rulers not to interfere in the writing of a new
2011 Aug 15, Egyptian troops,
backed by armored vehicles, carried out five raids in el-Arish, the
provincial capital of North Sinai. In one location, they clashed
with gunmen, killing one. Ten suspects and six wanted criminals were
also arrested. A Cairo judge stopped live TV broadcasts of former
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's trial.
2011 Aug 17, An Egyptian
military tribunal sentenced two young activists to 6-months in
prison after convicting them of insulting the army.
(SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)
2011 Aug 18, In southern Israel
assailants armed with heavy weapons, guns and explosives launched
three attacks in quick succession near the border with Egypt's Sinai
Peninsula, killing 8 people and wounding about a dozen more. Israeli
security forces tracked down some of the assailants and are engaged
in an ongoing gunbattle with them. 3 Egyptian security personnel
died as a result of the gunbattles. 2 more died from wounds the next
day. A 6th died from wounds in September. Israel responded hours
after the border attack with an airstrike in Gaza that killed five
members of the Palestinian group that Israel said was behind it, an
organization known as the Popular Resistance Committees. The dead
included the group's leader.
(AP, 8/18/11)(AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011 Aug 20, Egypt said it
would recall its ambassador from Israel to protest the deaths of at
least 3 Egyptian troops killed in a shootout between Israeli
soldiers and Palestinian militants.
2011 Aug 27, National carrier
Egyptair resumed direct flights to Iraq after a break of 21 years.
2011 Sep 3, Witnesses said
Egypt's military has started to close smuggling tunnels to Gaza,
amid Israeli warnings of plans by Gazan militants to attack the
Jewish state through Egyptian territory.
2011 Sep 6, Egyptian football
fans clashed with police in a Cairo stadium, injuring nearly 80
people, after they chanted slogans against ousted president Hosni
Mubarak and torched dozens of cars.
2011 Sep 7, Egypt's military
rulers froze new licenses for private satellite TV stations, in a
restriction that activists say harkens back to the crackdown on
freedom of expression under ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
2011 Sep 9, In Egypt thousands
demonstrated in Cairo's Tahrir Square against the pace of reform
under the country's military rulers. Smaller crowds demonstrated in
other Egyptian cities. Hundreds of protesters tore down a concrete
security wall that authorities had recently erected outside the
Israel embassy building. Young men battered the wall with
sledgehammers, ripping off chunks with their bare hands. Protesters
were able to get to the top of the building and pull down the
Israeli flag, which they replaced with the Egyptian flag.
(AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011 Sep 10, Israel’s
ambassador to Egypt and the entire embassy staff except for one
deputy ambassador were evacuated along with their families in the
face of the overnight rampage at the Nile-side embassy in Cairo. The
Health Ministry said three people were killed and more than 1,000
people hurt during the street clashes between the protesters and
police outside the embassy.
2011 Sep 11, Egypt's vice
president reached out to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and other
opposition groups as part of a new offer of sweeping concessions
including press freedom and an eventual end to hated emergency laws.
2011 Sep 15, In Egypt steel
magnate Ahmed Ezz, once a leading figure in the former ruling party,
was sentenced along with former government official Amr Assal. The
two were fined a total of $110 million dollars. Former Trade
Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid, who remains at large, was sentenced
to 15 years in jail and ordered to pay a 237 million dollar fine for
approving production licenses to Ezz without auctioning them
2011 Sep 18, Egyptian
businessman and former Tourism Minister Zohair Garanah was sentenced
to three years in prison after being convicted of corruption. He was
already serving a five-year jail term for allowing investors to
illegally acquire state land. His first sentence was passed by a
Cairo court on May 10.
2011 Sep 19, Egypt barred
formation of a new political party by al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya, an
Islamist group that was once involved in a bloody insurgency,
because its proposed party is based on "religious grounds in
violation of the law."
2011 Sep 27, In Egypt
assailants in two pickup trucks struck a pumping station on a gas
pipeline to Israel about 15 miles (25 km) west of the region's main
city of el-Arish before, causing a loud explosion and fire.
2011 Sep 28, An Egyptian court
convicted Anas al-Fiqqi, former Pres. Mubarak's powerful information
minister, on corruption charges and sentenced him to seven years in
2011 Sep 29, Egyptian security
officials raided the Cairo office of Al Jazeera, roughing up staff
and confiscating equipment. This was the second raid this month by
authorities complaining the station is operating without permits.
2011 Sep 30, In Egypt several
thousand protesters demanded the country's military rulers put an
end to emergency laws dating back to the rule of ousted President
Hosni Mubarak. A church was burned down in Merinab village after
Aswan provincial governor Mustafa al-Seyyed was reported as saying
Copts had built it without the required planning permission.
(AP, 9/30/11)(AFP, 10/4/11)
2011 Oct 4, Egyptian protesters
also demanded the release of blogger Michael Nabil (26), who was
sentenced to three years' hard labor in April by a military court
for having "insulted" the army in his writings. The blogger was on
the 43rd day of a hunger strike, after his appeal hearing was
adjourned to October 11.
2011 Oct 5, Three Egyptian
columnists withheld their regular commentaries in an independent
daily to protest what they said was censorship by the country's
2011 Oct 9, In Egypt some 1,000
Christian protesters tried to stage a peaceful sit-in outside the
state television building along the Nile in downtown Cairo. The
protesters said they were attacked by "thugs" with sticks and the
violence then spiraled out of control after a speeding military
vehicle jumped up onto a sidewalk and rammed into some of the
Christians. 27 people were killed including at least 3 soldiers.
Wael Mikhael, a cameraman working for a Coptic Christian
broadcaster, was among those killed. On Oct 25 the New-York based
Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation of the
deaths and urged authorities to transfer investigation of the case
from military to civilian prosecutors.
(AP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/13/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011 Oct 10, In Egypt small
skirmishes broke out again in Cairo outside the Coptic hospital
where many of the Christian victims were taken the night before.
Several hundred Christians pelted police with rocks as the screams
of grieving women rang out from inside the hospital.
2011 Oct 11, Egypt's finance
minister and deputy prime minister resigned in protest over the
government's handling of deadly weekend protests that left 27 dead,
most of them Coptic Christians. Some 20,000 mourners chanted slogans
denouncing the ruling military during a funeral procession overnight
for 17 Christians killed in the Cairo protest.
(AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011 Oct 11, Israel and Hamas
announced that Sgt. Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier abducted to
Gaza five years ago, would be swapped for about 1,000 Palestinians
held by Israel and accused of militant activity. The next morning
the Israeli Cabinet endorsed the Egyptian-brokered deal in a 26-3
vote. Shalit was expected to return via Egypt by Oct 19.
(AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/13/11)
2011 Oct 15, Egypt’s
transitional military rulers issued a decree prohibiting all forms
of discrimination including on the basis of religion.
(SSFC, 10/16/11, p.A4)
2011 Oct 15, Egypt's Gamaa
Islamiya, or Islamic Group, posted on its website a notice mourning
the death in Afghanistan of Ahmed Abdel Rahman, the son of the
"Blind Sheik" now serving a life sentence in the US for his
involvement in a plot to blow up NYC landmarks.
2011 Oct 16, The Arab League
called an emergency meeting in Cairo to discuss whether to suspend
Syria. The Arab League said that it would make contact with the
Damascus government and a raft of opposition groups with the aim of
launching "national dialogue within the seat of the Arab League and
under its guidance within 15 days." Security forces opened fire on a
funeral for a slain activist in the east. Security forces arrested
at least 44 people in the capital's suburbs in house-to-house raids.
The Observatory for Human Rights in Syria said 923 people from Homs
have been arrested in the past week.
(AP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)
2011 Oct 17, A senior Egyptian
Justice Ministry official said that the two sons of ousted President
Hosni Mubarak have an estimated $340 million in Swiss bank accounts.
2011 Oct 18, An Egyptian court
ordered blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad, who is serving a three-year
sentence for insulting the armed forces, confined to a psychiatric
clinic for 45 days after he began a hunger strike.
2011 Oct 21, Egyptian political
talk show host Yosri Fouda suspended his “The Final Word" program
indefinitely to protest efforts by the military rulers to stifle
(SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)
2011 Oct 22, Egypt's judicial
union called on judges to refrain from showing up to court until
they receive protection from authorities after what they say are
assaults by lawyers. The call came amid increasing tension between
judges and lawyers over a bill written by the Judges Club that would
toughen penalties on lawyers in cases of contempt of court.
2011 Oct 22, Egypt’s MENA state
news agency said a Cairo court has sentenced Ayman Mansour to three
years in prison for postings on Facebook deemed to be inciting
sectarianism and in contempt of Islam.
2011 Oct 24, Thousands of
Egyptian police launched a nationwide strike to demand better
salaries and a purge of former regime officials from senior security
2011 Oct 27, Five Arab Spring
activists won the European parliament's Sakharov prize awarded to
campaigners for freedom. They include Mohamed Bouazizi of Tunisia,
awarded posthumously, Egyptian militant Asmaa Mahfouz, Libyan
dissident Ahmed al-Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, Syrian lawyer Razan
Zeitouneh and Syrian cartoonist Ali Farzat.
2011 Oct 27, In Egypt Ilan
Grapel (27), an Israeli held by Egypt since June 12 on espionage
charges, was freed in exchange for 25 Egyptian citizens, mostly
Bedouin residents of Sinai charged with smuggling.
(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)
2011 Oct 28, In Egypt several
thousand protesters in Cairo called on the ruling military to
promptly transfer power to a civilian government and exclude old
regime figures from politics. Protesters clashed with soldiers and
police in Cairo after a funeral procession for a man a rights group
claims died from police torture after he was caught smuggling a
mobile phone chip into his cell.
2011 Oct 30, Egypt's ruling
military jailed Alaa Abdel Fatah, a veteran dissident and blogger,
on charges of inciting deadly clashes between soldiers and
Christians this month.
2011 Oct 31, More than 3,000
Egyptians marched through downtown Cairo, protesting the military's
arrest of Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a prominent blogger-activist, in the
latest sign of discontent with the ruling generals' managing of the
2011 Nov 2, An Egyptian
government newspaper reported that the justice ministry has agreed
to a constitutional amendment to allow millions of Egyptians living
abroad to vote in parliamentary elections. An estimated 8 million
Egyptians lived abroad, many of them in other Arab countries, out of
a total population of 80 million. The ruling generals announced the
pardon of 334 civilians who were sentenced in military tribunals
since the uprising that toppled Pres. Mubarak.
(AFP, 11/2/11)(SFC, 11/3/11, p.A2)
2011 Nov 2, Arab foreign
ministers met anew in Cairo to step up pressure on Syria to end
nearly eight months of deadly violence. Gunmen stormed a factory in
Syria’s province of Homs killing 10 workers while security forces
shot dead 4 civilians in several Homs neighborhoods. Damascus
pledged to withdraw its forces from protest centers under a plan put
forth by the Arab league. Not timetable was set.
(AFP, 11/2/11)(AFP, 11/3/11)
2011 Nov 3, Egypt's military
rulers triggered a new public outcry with a proposal that critics
saw as an attempt to enshrine a supreme political role for
themselves in a new constitution.
2011 Nov 4, Farid al-Dib,
lawyer for the family of Hosni Mubarak, said in a published
interview that $340 million held in Swiss banks by the two sons of
the ousted Egyptian president, and frozen there, are "legal profits"
from consulting abroad.
2011 Nov 6, In Egypt 11
Hungarian tourists were killed and 27 injured when their bus
overturned in the Red Sea resort of Hurghada.
2011 Nov 10, In Egypt 2
explosions a gas pipeline halting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
2011 Nov 12, Egyptian police
arrested Abdel-Halim Hassan Heneidi, a militant leader, in the
northern Sinai town of el-Arish.
2011 Nov 12, In Egypt Jeff
Francois, a Canadian tourist, died of a gunshot wounds He was shot
on Nov 9 when members of a feuding family opened fire on his car
when his driver refused to stop at an illegal checkpoint in the town
2011 Nov 13, Egyptian security
forces arrested Mohammed Eid Muslih Hamad, aka "El-Tihi," in the
northern Sinai town of el-Arish. Officials said he was the leader of
an al-Qaida-inspired group in the Sinai peninsula that was behind
attacks on police and on a gas pipeline that transports fuel to
Israel and Jordan.
2011 Nov 14, Egyptian security
forces arrested Abdel Karim Mohammed Ahmed and Ahmed Salem Awad of
the radical Islamist Al-Takfeer wal Hijra during a sweep in the
north Sinai town of El-Arish.
2011 Nov 17, In Egypt attackers
threw rocks and broken glass at a march by Coptic Christians in
Cairo, injuring 10, in the latest outbreak of sectarian violence.
2011 Nov 18, Tens of thousands
of Egyptians, dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, rallied in
Cairo's Tahrir square to protest against what they say are attempts
by the country's military rulers to designate themselves as the
guardians of a new Egypt. It was one of the largest rallies in Egypt
in recent months.
2011 Nov 19, Egyptian police
fired rubber bullets and tear gas in clashes with protesters on as
they broke up a sit-in organized by people injured during the Arab
Spring, triggering a heated skirmish. Two protesters were killed.
(AFP, 11/19/11)(SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A6)
2011 Nov 20, Egyptian riot
police clashed for a second day in downtown Cairo with some five
thousand rock-throwing protesters demanding that the ruling military
quickly announce a date to hand over power to an elected government.
Egypt's culture minister resigned in protest at the government
response to demonstrations in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
(AP, 11/20/11)(AFP, 11/21/11)
2011 Nov 21, Egyptian security
forces fired tear gas and clashed with several thousand protesters
in Cairo's Tahrir Square in the third straight day of violence that
has turned into the most sustained challenge yet to the rule of
Egypt's military. 19 more people were killed over night raising the
death toll to 24 since the violence began on Nov 19. Egypt's
military-appointed cabinet of civilian officials announced its
resignation late in the day, but state television quoted a SCAF
source as saying this was rejected by the military. 3 American
students (Derrik Sweeney (19) of Georgetown University, Luke Gates
(21) of Indiana University student, and Gregory Porter (19) of
Drexel University student) accused of throwing firebombs, were among
those arrested. They were ordered released on Nov 24.
(AP, 11/21/11)(AFP, 11/22/11)(SFC, 11/23/11,
2011 Nov 22, In Egypt tens of
thousands of protesters swarmed Cairo's Tahrir Square to demand an
end to military rule, as the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed
Forces (SCAF) was locked in crisis talks with a number of political
forces in a bid to defuse the crisis.
2011 Nov 23, Egyptian police
clashed with anti-government protesters for a fifth day in central
Cairo as a rights group raised the overall death toll from the
ongoing unrest to at least 38. The UN strongly condemned what it
called the use of excessive force by security forces.
2011 Nov 24, Egypt's military
rulers said that parliamentary elections will start on schedule next
week despite escalating unrest and they rejected protesters' calls
for them to immediately step down. A court ordered the release of 3
American university students arrested on Nov 21. Mona Eltahawy (44),
a prominent Egyptian-born US columnist, was sexually assaulted by
local police, who beat and blindfolded her after she was detained
near Tahrir Square during clashes, leaving her left arm and right
hand broken and in casts.
2011 Nov 25, Egypt's military
rulers announced that Kamal el-Ganzouri (78), a prime minister from
ousted leader Hosni Mubarak's era, will head the next government.
Tens of thousands of demonstrators packed Cairo's Tahrir Square
after days of deadly clashes, demanding the military rulers step
down and rejecting their choice of new prime minister. The Tahrir
protest was countered by a rival demonstration in a square about
three km (two miles) away, where more than 10,000 people gathered to
show support for the military chanting "Down with Tahrir."
(AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011 Nov 25, In Egypt masked
gunmen blew up a gas pipeline which supplies Egyptian gas to Israel,
in the eighth such attack this year.
2011 Nov 25, In Egypt Mona
al-Gharib (25), the pregnant wife of Syrian dissident and journalist
Thaer al-Nashef, was reportedly abducted in Egypt by Syrian
2011 Nov 26, Egyptian security
forces clashed with protesters camped outside the Cabinet building,
leaving one man dead, as tensions rose two days ahead of
parliamentary elections being held despite mass demonstrations
against military rule. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi met separately
with Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei and another presidential
hopeful Amr Moussa, who was the former Arab League chief. 24 protest
groups, including two political parties, have announced they are
creating their own "national salvation" government to be headed by
2011 Nov 27, In Egypt thousands
of protesters filled Cairo's Tahrir Square for another massive
demonstration to push for the military to immediately return to
their barracks in favor of a civilian presidential council.
2011 Nov 28, Egyptians turned
out in long lines at voting stations in their nation's first
parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, a giant step
toward what they hope will be a democracy after decades of
2011 Nov 29, In Egypt long
lines formed at polling stations for a second day of voting and the
head of the election commission, Abdel-Mooaez Ibrahim, proclaimed
turnout so far had been "massive and unexpected." The voting process
is staggered over the next six weeks across 27 provinces, divided
into thirds with runoffs held a week after the first round in each
2011 Nov, In Egypt nearly two
weeks of street fighting on downtown Cairo's Mohammed Mahmoud street
left 42 people dead.
2011 Dec 3, Early results from
Egypt's first post-revolution election showed Islamist parties
sweeping to victory, including hardline Salafists, with secular
parties trounced in many areas. Full results after the first Nov
28-29 voting, which saw 62 percent turnout, have been delayed
2011 Dec 4, In Egypt initial
election results showed that Islamist parties won 65% of all votes
cast for parties in the first round of parliamentary polls. The
secular liberals, who played a key part in the January-February
uprising, managed just 13.4%.
2011 Dec 5, Egyptian voters
headed to the polls for two days of runoffs in the country's first
parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster. Islamist
parties have already captured an overwhelming majority of the votes
in the first round.
2011 Dec 7, Egypt's military
ruler swore-in a new government that he says will have more powers
than its predecessor. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi promised to
transfer some of his ruling military council's executive powers to
PM Kamal el-Ganzouri. The Freedom and Justice Party said in a
statement that it won 36 of the 56 seats awarded to individual
candidates in voting which concluded on Dec 6. A member of the junta
said the army would have a final say over those appointed to write a
new constitution next year.
(AP, 12/7/11)(AFP, 12/8/11)
2011 Dec 8, Egypt's biggest
political group the Muslim Brotherhood clashed with the country's
army leaders on Thursday, accusing them of trying to "marginalize"
parliament over the writing of a new constitution.
2011 Dec 13, Egyptian PM Kamal
al-Ganzuri said that 20,103 political prisoners had been released
since February when a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak.
2011 Dec 14, Egyptians turned
out in large numbers to vote in the second round of parliamentary
elections that have become a stiff competition between dominant
Islamist parties likely to steer the country in a more religious
direction. A military court sentenced a political activist to two
years in prison after convicting him of criticizing the armed forces
and publishing false information. Maikel Nabil Sanad was arrested in
March and sentenced to three years, but the case was appealed and
sent for retrial.
2011 Dec 15, Egyptians headed
to the polls again in a phased election to choose the first
post-revolution parliament, as liberals faced an uphill battle to
compete with Islamist parties.
2011 Dec 16, Egyptian troops
clashed with petrol bomb-throwing protesters against military rule
in Cairo, as the worst violence in weeks overshadowed the count in
the second phase of a landmark general election. Fighting raged from
dawn well into the night. The clashes left at least 8 people dead.
(AFP, 12/16/11)(AFP, 12/17/11)
2011 Dec 17, In Egypt violence
raged for a second day in the administrative heart of Cairo as
troops and police deployed in force. The count continued in the
second stage of elections for the lower house of parliament.
2011 Dec 18, Egypt's military
sought to isolate pro-democracy activists protesting against their
rule, depicting them as conspirators and vandals, as troops and
protesters clashed for a third straight day. At least 10 protesters
have been killed and 441 others wounded in the three days of
2011 Dec 19, Egyptian soldiers
in riot gear swept through Cairo's Tahrir Square and opened fire on
protesters demanding an immediate end to military rule. The Health
Ministry said at least three people were killed, bringing the death
toll for four days of clashes to 14.
2011 Dec 20, Egyptian troops
and riot police raided Tahrir again in their latest attempt to evict
protesters. Some 10,000 angry women marched in central Cairo to
denounce the attacks on protesters and call on the ruling generals
to step down. Their anger was mostly focused on the case of the
woman stripped half naked and beaten. At least 14 people have been
killed in five days of clashes.
(AP, 12/20/11)(AP, 12/21/11)
2011 Dec 21, In Egypt voting in
election runoffs for the first parliament since Hosni Mubarak's
ouster resumed without the long lines outside polling centers seen
in previous rounds of the staggered vote.
2011 Dec 22, Egypt's
military-appointed PM Kamal el-Ganzouri called for national dialogue
to resolve the country's political crisis and pleaded for a
two-month calm to restore security after weeks of protests and
bloodshed. Some 3,000 students from Ain Shams University in Cairo
marched after a prayer service for a student killed in the recent
clashes. Turnout was light in the second day of voting in run-off
2011 Dec 23, Several thousand
Egyptians rallied in Cairo's central Tahrir Square to denounce
violence against protesters, especially outraged by images of women
protesters dragged by their hair, beaten and kicked by troops.
Thousands turned out for rival protests in Cairo, exposing the
widening rifts among Egyptians over the ruling military's handling
of transition from Hosni Mubarak's rule.
(AP, 12/23/11)(AFP, 12/23/11)
2011 Dec 24, In Egypt Islamist
parties consolidated earlier gains in the multistage parliamentary
elections, winning nearly 70 percent of the seats determined so far.
The Muslim Brotherhood said it won around 86 of estimated 180 seats
up for grabs in the round, or 47%.
2011 Dec 25, An Egyptian
investigative judge ordered the release today of Alaa Abdel-Fattah
(30), a prominent blogger detained on Oct 30 by the ruling military,
which had accused him of attacking soldiers during deadly clashes in
2011 Dec 27, An Egyptian court
ordered the Egyptian army to stop forced virginity tests on female
detainees, months after the practice sparked a national outcry and
stained the ruling military's reputation.
2011 Dec 29, Egyptian soldiers
and police stormed non-governmental organization offices throughout
the country, banning employees inside from leaving while they
interrogated them and searched through computer files. At least 18
offices were targeted in the raid. A court acquitted five policemen
of charges of killing five protesters and wounding six others during
the 18-day uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak's longtime regime.
2011 Nezar AlSayyad authored
“Cairo: Histories of a City."
(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.F7)
2012 Jan 3, Egyptians lined up
in front of polling centers in nine provinces to cast their ballots
in the third and final round of the country's first parliamentary
elections following the ouster of Hosni Mubarak. The two-day
balloting is taking place in areas known as strongholds of Islamist
parties and is unlikely to change the outcome of the elections.
2012 Jan 4, Egyptians voted
again in the final round of a phased election to choose the first
parliament since a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak in
February last year.
2012 Jan 7, Egypt's two main
Islamist parties claimed to have together taken 62.2 percent of the
vote in the final stage of a general election, maintaining their
lead in the overall contest.
2012 Jan 11, Egypt called off
an annual Jewish festival in the Nile Delta, which draws Israeli
pilgrims every year to the tomb of holy man Abu Hassira (Abi Hasira,
aka Yaakov Abuhatzeira), a renowned religious figure from Morocco,
who fell ill and died in Damanhur, Egypt, in 1880.
2012 Jan 11, Clashes between
Egyptian troops and Bedouin in the Suez district east of Cairo
killed three people as military police tried to evict the Bedouin
from state-owned land.
2012 Jan 14, Egyptian telecom
magnate Naguib Sawiris, a billionaire Coptic Christian who founded
the liberal Free Egyptians party, faced trial for tweeting a cartoon
of Mickey Mouse with a beard and Minnie Mouse in a face veil, joking
that the cartoon characters would be forced to dress conservatively
if Islamists took power. The trial was delayed as Sawiris failed to
(AFP, 1/9/12)(AFP, 1/14/12)
2012 Jan 14, Egypt's reform
leader Mohamed ElBaradei (69) said he is pulling out of the
country's presidential race to protest the military's failure to put
the country on the path to democracy.
2012 Jan 16, Egypt’s Muslim
Brotherhood, the big winner in the first election since the ousting
of President Hosni Mubarak last February, said it has joined several
other parties in backing Saad el-Katatni. He's the secretary-general
of the Brotherhood's own party.
2012 Jan 18, In Egypt
assailants attacked Nawara Negm, a prominent activist, as she left
work at Cairo's Nileside state television headquarters. She said the
beating took place while scores of policemen and army soldiers
assigned to the protection of the TV building stood by and watched.
Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, delivered a thinly veiled warning to
anti-military activists planning a wave of protests to mark the Jan.
25 anniversary of the start of the uprising.
2012 Jan 19, Egypt’s Al-Ahram
newspaper reported that a safe containing radioactive material was
stolen from a site in Al-Dabaa, on the Mediterranean coast. The
low-level radioactive material was stolen from a laboratory at a
construction site for a nuclear power plant that is not yet
operational. A day later the Al-Akhbar newspaper said that the
experts who toured the site a day earlier found "no evidence of any
theft of radioactive material" or any radioactive leakage.
2012 Jan 23, Egypt's parliament
met for the first time since a popular uprising ousted Hosni
Mubarak. The parliament elected Saad al-Katatni, a leading member of
the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, as speaker. The exact role of
parliament remained unclear, with power remaining in the hands of
the generals who took power from former president Mubarak.
2012 Jan 24, Egypt's military
ruler decreed a partial lifting of the nation's hated emergency
laws, saying the draconian laws will remain applicable to crimes
committed by "thugs." This would become effective Jan 25, the first
anniversary of the start of the popular uprising that toppled
longtime authoritarian ruler Hosni Mubarak.
2012 Jan 25, Tens of thousands
of Egyptians rallied to mark the first anniversary of the country's
2011 uprising, with liberals and Islamists gathering on different
sides of Cairo's Tahrir Square. The ruling generals have declared
Jan. 25 a national holiday to mark the occasion. Previously, Jan. 25
was Police Day.
2012 Jan 26, It was reported
that Egypt has banned the son of US Transportation Secretary Ray
LaHood and a number of other Americans from leaving the country as
tensions rise over moves by Egyptian authorities to restrict the
work of international rights organizations. LaHood's organizations
was one of 10 raided last month by Egyptian authorities, who said
they sought to determine if the groups were operating legally.
2012 Jan 27, In Egypt
protesters marched to Cairo's Tahrir Square to join thousands there
demanding democratic change. Today’s rallies marked a year since the
army was deployed to control the deadly protests calling for an end
to Mubarak's regime. Muslim Brotherhood supporters and secular
protesters hurled bottles and rocks at each other and got into
fistfights in Tahrir Square.
(AFP, 1/27/12)(AP, 1/27/12)
2012 Jan 29, Egyptians voted
for the upper house of parliament, in elections that are the latest
step in the country's planned transition from military to civilian
rule. Voting took place in 13 provinces for the first stage of
elections for the largely advisory Shura Council. A second stage
will take place on Feb. 14-15.
2012 Jan 30, In Egypt 7 gunmen
charged into the New Cairo branch of HSBC Bank on the city's
outskirts, firing their weapons in the air, and took money from
tellers. 3 gunmen robbed an armored car as it unloaded money at
another bank in southern Cairo, fleeing with over 3 million Egyptian
pounds ($542,000 dollars).
2012 Jan 31, Egypt's newly
elected lawmakers took aim at the country's military rulers Tuesday,
accusing them of trampling on democratic norms and overstepping
their powers by passing laws, including a crucial one regulating
presidential elections. Several hundred protesters rallied outside
parliament, calling on lawmakers to press the military rulers to
hold speedier and fair trials for former regime officials and settle
retribution claims by the families of those killed during protests.
2012 Jan 31, Egyptian Bedouins
took 25 Chinese factory workers hostage in the northern Sinai
Peninsula. The group demanded the release of militants jailed for a
2005 bombing in Sharm el-Sheikh at the tip of the Egyptian Sinai.
All 25 workers were released by the next day.
(AFP, 1/31/12)(AFP, 2/1/12)
2012 Feb 1, In Egypt fans from
the local Al-Masry team in Port Said chased supporters of the
visiting Al-Ahly soccer club with knives, clubs and stones. Hundreds
fled into the exit corridor, only to be crushed against a locked
gate, their rivals attacking from behind. The Interior Ministry said
74 people died, including one police officer, and 248 were injured,
14 of them police.
2012 Feb 2, Egyptians ranging
from soccer fans to lawmakers blamed the country's military rulers
for a bloody post-match riot as anger mounted over the failure of
police to stop the violence. PM Kamal el-Ganzouri dissolved the
Egyptian Soccer Federation's board and referred its members for
questioning by prosecutors.
2012 Feb 2, The World Bank said
Egypt has asked for a $1.0 billion loan to help it rebuild its
2012 Feb 3, In Egypt Bedouin
gunmen intercepted a tourist minivan and snatched two female
American tourists and their Egyptian guide at gunpoint near St.
Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula. They were released
unharmed after several hours. 4 masked gunmen stopped the vehicle of
two Italians working for a local food factory in the nearby city of
Suez, taking their car, more than 10,000 euros ($13,000) and their
laptops. Police in Cairo fired salvos of tear gas and birdshot at
protesters angry over a deadly soccer riot as fresh clashes on
Egyptian streets killed 5 people. 6 more died of the wounds over the
next 24 hours.
(AP, 2/3/12)(AFP, 2/3/12)(AP, 2/4/12)
2012 Feb 4, In Egypt protesters
faced off with police in Cairo for a third day in deadly clashes
sparked by anger at the failure of military rulers to prevent
football-linked violence that left scores dead.
2012 Feb 5, Egyptian
investigating judges referred 44 NGO workers, including 19
Americans, to trial before a criminal court for allegedly being
involved in banned activities and illegally receiving foreign funds.
The decision also slapped a travel ban on all those referred to
trial. The military rulers faced mounting pressure on two fronts,
with a fourth day of violent street protests spearheading calls to
speed up the transfer of power to a civilian administration and the
US threatening to cut more than a billion dollars in badly needed
aid. Since Feb 2 twelve people have been killed in Cairo and Suez.
(AP, 2/5/12)(AFP, 2/5/12)
2012 Feb 6, In Egypt a 5th day
of clashes with police continued outside Cairo's security
headquarters in the wake of deadly football violence and calls by
activists for civil disobedience. At least one protester was killed.
2012 Feb 8, An Egyptian
production company said "the student members of the Muslim
Brotherhood at Ain Shams University had prevented the film crew from
the 'Dhat' TV series from shooting the scenes set at the
university." The series, adapted from the novel "Dhat" by Egyptian
author Sonallah Ibrahim, takes place in the 1970s, "when women wore
2012 Feb 10, In Egypt hundreds
of protesters marched to the defense ministry in Cairo demanding the
military rulers' ouster, on the eve of a planned civil disobedience
campaign to mark Hosni Mubarak's overthrow a year ago. Armed
tribesmen kidnapped three South Korean tourists and their Egyptian
guide in the Sinai peninsula. All 4 were released the next day and
plan to continue their tour.
(AFP, 2/10/12)(AP, 2/10/12)(AFP, 2/12/12)
2012 Feb 11, In Egypt student
activists held strikes to mark a year since they toppled Hosni
Mubarak, leaving an increasingly unpopular and defiant military in
charge. The planned day of civil disobedience and strikes saw only a
2012 Feb 12, In Egypt a UN
freelance consultant was fatally shot in the head while driving
through an upscale Cairo neighborhood in a random daytime shooting.
She was a consultant with the women's fund at the United Nations in
Cairo and also worked at a medical lab.
2012 Feb 12, The Arab League
foreign ministers meeting in Cairo adopted a draft resolution
calling for an immediate cease-fire in Syria and called on the UN
Security Council to pass a resolution creating a joint peacekeeping
force for Syria. Al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri threw the terror
network's support behind Syrian rebels trying to topple President
Bashar Assad. Arab League chief Nabil Elaraby accepted the
resignation of Gen. Mohammed Ahmed Al-Dabi, the head of the Syrian
observer mission, and nominated former Jordanian Foreign Minister
Abdullah al-Khatib as the new envoy.
2012 Feb 17, Thousands of
Egyptians rallied in the Mediterranean city of Port Said, saying
that its residents were not behind a deadly soccer riot earlier this
month that killed 74 people.
2012 Feb 18, A Palestinian
official in Gaza said Egypt has promised to provide diesel fuel for
the Gaza Strip's sole power plant, which went down Feb 14 after
running out of fuel.
2012 Feb 19, Egypt said it was
withdrawing its ambassador to Syria, the latest Arab country to
scale back its relations with the embattled regime in Damascus.
2012 Feb 23, In Egypt
Abdel-Moneim Abolfotoh, a leading Islamist and presidential hopeful,
suffered a concussion after a carjacking attack on a highway to
2012 Feb 28, Egyptians voted
the Shura Council, a feeble upper house of parliament. Voter turnout
shrank to 6.5%.
2012 Feb 28, In Egypt all three
judges pulled out of the trial of 43 pro-democracy workers,
including 16 Americans, throwing into question the case that has
ripped US-Egypt relations.
2012 Feb 29, Egypt announced
that 7 American pro-democracy workers, accused of instigating
unrest, are free to leave the country. 9 other Americans up for
trial had had already left the country. Altogether 15 NGO suspects
left the country after each defendant had paid two million pounds
(roughly $330,000/247,000 euros) in bail.
(SFC, 3/1/12, p.A2)(AFP, 3/1/12)
2012 Feb 29, Saudi Arabia said
that it would honor a pledge of $3.75 billion in aid to Egypt, after
complaints by the Egyptian premier that donor countries were failing
to respect their commitments.
2012 Mar 3, Egyptian lawmakers
clashed over who should have the right to draft the country's
constitution, in a heated debate focusing on the influence of
Islamists on the crucial document and how religiously conservative
Egypt will be.
2012 Mar 3, A Cairo court
dismissed a complaint against Christian tycoon Naguib Sawaris
accused of insulting Islam with a cartoon of Mickey Mouse and Minnie
Mouse in conservative Muslim garb. Hardline Islamist lawyer and MP
Mamduh Ismail said he would appeal.
2012 Mar 5, In Egypt the ultra
conservative Islamist party al-Nur said Islamist MP Anwar al-Bilkimy
has been forced to resign from parliament and from his party after
claiming that he was injured in a carjacking, when he had in fact
had a nose job.
2012 Mar 5, Egyptian security
officials said the number of weapons smuggled into Egypt across the
Libyan border is on the increase, with thousands of weapons flooding
into the country. Residents of southern Egypt, where extended
families often accumulate large arsenals to protect property and
settle feuds, were the main buyers. Security officials said
militants have again blown up a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula
that transports fuel to Israel.
(AP, 3/5/12)(SFC, 3/6/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 7, In Egypt the Cairo
Criminal Court acquitted policeman Mohammed Abdel-Moneim, who was
sentenced to death for shooting 20 protesters on Jan. 28 last year
in front of a Cairo police station. The court did not give reasons
for its ruling.
2012 Mar 8, In Egypt a trial
against foreign non-profit groups reopened. Robert Becker, the last
American facing criminal charges in the trial, appeared in court. 15
other Americans had already left Egypt, but Becker chose to stay and
(SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 10, Arab and Russian
foreign ministers meeting in Cairo called for an end to the violence
in Syria "whatever its source," as they struggled try to find common
ground on ways to resolve the deadly conflict. Qatari Foreign
Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani said that it was time to
send Arab and foreign troops to Syria.
2012 Mar 12, Egyptian police
said 10 people were killed when the soil caved in on them as they
were illegally digging for ancient treasures under a house in the
village of Arab al-Manasra, north of Luxor.
2012 Mar 15, Egypt's top
prosecutor charged 75 people in connection with the deadly Feb 1
soccer riot last month in the Mediterranean city of Port Said in
which authorities said fans were thrown to their death off the
stadium walls and others killed by explosives as they tried to flee.
2012 Mar 16, Hundreds of
Egyptian activists rallied in Cairo, lambasting a recent military
tribunal ruling that cleared a military doctor of charges he forced
a "virginity test" on female activists.
2012 Mar 17, In Egypt Pope
Shenouda III (b.1923), the patriarch of the Coptic Orthodox Church
since 1971, died. He led Egypt's Christian minority for 40 years
during a time of increasing tensions with Muslims.
2012 Mar 19, An Egyptian
military court acquitted Mohammed al-Zawahiri, the brother of
Al-Qaeda's leader Ayman, overturning a death sentence in a new
trial. The trial also acquitted several other former militants
including Sayyed Imam Fadl, once the spiritual leader of the
Egyptian Islamic Jihad and mentor of Ayman al-Zawahiri.
2012 Mar 20, A Egyptian court
in Cairo gave suspended one-year sentences to 11 policemen accused
of killing 22 protesters and wounding 44 others during last year’s
uprising that ousted Pres. Mubarak.
(SFC, 3/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 22, A dispute between
Egypt and Gaza's Hamas government has produced the worst energy
crisis here in years: Gazans are enduring 18-hour-a-day blackouts,
fuel is running low for hospital backup generators, raw sewage pours
into the Mediterranean Sea for lack of treatment pumps and gas
stations have shut down. The Gaza power plant shut down on Feb. 10
and has been mostly offline since.
2012 Mar 23, Egyptian officials
reached an agreement with Israel to permit the transfer of fuel to
enable Gaza's sole power plant to function. Some 450,000 liters of
fuel were delivered to the crisis-hit Gaza Strip through Israel's
Kerem Shalom border crossing.
2012 Mar 23, The Obama
administration said it would resume military aid to Egypt.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 24, Egypt's
Islamist-dominated parliament and senate began meeting to elect a
panel to draft a new constitution amid calls by liberal groups for
protests against Islamist influence over the charter.
2012 Mar 24, Egyptian soldiers
and police clashed overnight with thousands of angry soccer fans in
a Suez Canal city over the suspension of their club following a
deadly riot last month. One teenager was reported killed with a
gunshot to the back.
2012 Mar 25, Egypt's newly
empowered Islamists have tightened their grip, giving themselves a
majority on a 100-member panel tasked with drafting a constitution
that will define the shape of the government in the post-Hosni
Mubarak era. The panel will have nearly 60 Islamists, including 37
legislators selected the day before by parliament's two chambers.
2012 Mar 26, In Egypt two
prominent liberal politicians pulled out from a panel tasked with
drafting a new constitution after Islamists won a majority of seats
on the body. The 100-member panel selected over the weekend includes
nearly 60 Islamists and only six women and six minority Christians.
2012 Mar 26, In Egypt 3 people
were killed and a dozen others injured when a tugboat engine
exploded in the Suez Canal. Movement in the vital waterway was not
2012 Mar 27, In Egypt liberal
and leftist parties announced that they have pulled out of a panel
drafting Egypt's new constitution, accusing Islamists of
monopolizing the process that will deliver the country's
post-revolution charter. Cairo's Administrative Court began looking
into the legitimacy of the constitutional panel after lawsuits were
filed by several legal experts who argue that the constitution
cannot be drafted by those whose role it will define.
2012 Mar 28, In Egypt members
of a controversial panel tasked with drafting a new constitution
elected Muslim Brotherhood member Saad al-Katatni, currently the
speaker of parliament, to head the committee.
2012 Mar 29, Egyptian political
parties reached an agreement to boost their representation in a
disputed constitutional panel dominated by Islamists. 14 parties,
including the main Islamist ones, supported the compromise and five
2012 Mar 30, In Egypt dozens of
anti-military activists tore down a wall in central Cairo erected by
the military in December to end bloody clashes with protesters.
2012 Mar 31, Five Egyptian
Copts, including two teenage girls, were crushed to death at the
tomb of their spiritual leader Pope Shenuda III who died last week.
Monastery officials had allowed visitors to visit Shenuda's tomb,
prompting a rush to the desert monastery.
2012 Apr 2, Egypt's official
MENA news agency reported that the Coptic Orthodox church has
decided to boycott an Islamist-dominated panel charged with drafting
the future constitution.
2012 Apr 5, Egyptian security
forces and military aircraft searched south-eastern Sinai for
militants believed to be behind a rocket launch against Israel. A
rocket fired from Egypt's Sinai desert hit the southern Israeli
resort city of Eilat early today There were no injuries.
2012 Apr 10, An Egyptian court
suspended a 100-member panel selected by lawmakers from the
Islamist-dominated parliament and tasked with drafting the country's
new constitution. The verdict referred the case to a panel of senior
judges to look into the legality of the panel.
2012 Apr 10, In Egypt residents
blocked a motorway on the Libyan border to protest security
restrictions on cross-border traffic and increased tariffs for
lorries. Security forces intervened, leading to clashes that left
two people dead and four injured.
2012 Apr 11, In Egypt Salafist
politician Hazem Abu Ismail looked set to rejoin the presidential
race after a court ruled that his mother was not a US citizen.
2012 Apr 12, Egypt’s
Islamist-dominated parliament passed a new bill stripping senior
Mubarak regime figures, such as ex-spy chief Omar Suleiman, from the
right to run for office for the next 10 years. The ruling military
council must ratify the bill before it can go into effect.
2012 Apr 13, In Egypt thousands
of Islamists packed Cairo's Tahrir Square to pressure the country's
ruling generals to bar Hosni Mubarak-era officials, including his
former spy chief, from running in the upcoming presidential
2012 Apr 14, Egypt's election
commission disqualified 10 presidential hopefuls, including Hosni
Mubarak's former spy chief and fundamentalist Islamists, from
running in the race for the country's first post-revolutionary
2012 Apr 15, In Egypt Islamist
militants driving vehicles mounted with machine guns opened fire on
a police checkpoint in the Sinai peninsula, killing two policemen
and injuring a third. In the port city of Suez, one person died and
24 were injured during a fire that raged for nearly 20 hours in the
storage facilities of an oil company.
2012 Apr 17, Egypt’s electoral
commission on technical grounds barred 10 of 23 presidential
(Econ, 4/21/12, p.62)
2012 Apr 17, A prominent
Egyptian human rights lawyer, Ahmed el-Gezawi, was arrested upon his
arrival in the Saudi port of Jiddah. He was on his way to perform a
minor pilgrimage. El-Gezawi had earlier filed a lawsuit in Egypt
against King Abdullah over the alleged arbitrary detention of
hundreds of Egyptians living in the kingdom. A rights group said he
has criticized the monarch in television interviews.
2012 Apr 20, In Egypt tens of
thousands of protesters packed Cairo's downtown Tahrir Square in the
biggest demonstration in months against the ruling military. But the
crowds in Tahrir were divided between rival groups with differing
complaints and goals.
2012 Apr 22, Egypt said it had
scrapped the 2005 gas export deal with Israel, which generates 40
percent of its electricity from natural gas, with Egypt providing 43
percent of its gas supplies. The balance comes from Israel's own Yam
Thetis offshore gas field. East Mediterranean Gas Company (EMG),
which exports the gas to Israel, said it was cancelled because the
Israeli company failed to respect conditions stipulated in the
2012 Apr 23, Egyptian
authorities said they have denied permission to eight American
nonprofit groups to operate locally, including a center headed by
former President Jimmy Carter that monitors elections.
2012 Apr 24, An Egyptian court
upheld a conviction against popular comedian Adel Imam (71) for
offending Islam in some of his most popular films. He was sentenced
to 3 months in jail and fined around $170. On Sep 12 an appeals
court said the lawyer was not personally harmed by the movies and
had no standing to sue.
(SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)(AP, 9/12/12)
2012 Apr 24, Hundreds of
Egyptians noisily protested outside the Saudi Embassy to demand the
release of an Egyptian human rights lawyer detained on April 17 in
Saudi Arabia for allegedly insulting the kingdom's monarch.
2012 Apr 26, Egypt's election
commission released a final list of 13 candidates eligible to run in
the May 23-24 presidential elections.
2012 Apr 28, In Egypt reform
leader Mohamed ElBaradei launched the Constitution Party, a new
political party that he said aims to unite Egyptians and save the
country's revolution from a messy democratic transition. Assailants
attacked demonstrators gathered outside the Defense Ministry in
Cairo to call for an end to military rule with rocks and firebombs,
killing one protester and wounding 30.
(AP, 4/28/12)(AP, 4/29/12)
2012 Apr 28, Saudi Arabia's
official news agency said the kingdom has closed its embassy and
consulates in Egypt and recalled its ambassador following protests
over a detained Egyptian human rights lawyer Ahmed el-Gezawi.
2012 Apr 29, Egypt's
Islamist-dominated parliament decided to suspend sessions for a week
in protest at the ruling military refusing to sack the government
and name the Muslim Brotherhood's party to head a new one. One
person was killed and 119 injured in clashes between Abu Ismail
supporters and residents of the Abbassiya neighborhood in Cairo,
where the defense ministry is located.
(AFP, 4/29/12)(AFP, 5/2/12)
2012 May 2, In Egypt suspected
supporters of the military rulers attacked predominantly Islamist
anti-government protesters outside the Defense Ministry in Cairo,
setting off clashes that left 20 dead as political tensions rise
three weeks before crucial presidential elections.
2012 May 4, In Egypt thousands
rallied against the country's ruling military council, two days
after a flare-up of street violence left at least nine dead and
fueled a wave of Islamist-led opposition to the generals ahead of
presidential elections. Military prosecutors detained some 320
Egyptian protesters following clashes outside the country's Defense
Ministry. Two people were reported killed and over 300 people
(AP, 5/4/12)(AFP, 5/5/12)
2012 May 5, Egypt's military
ruler attended an unprecedented public funeral for a soldier killed
in clashes with protesters. The army decided to hold 179 people,
including 13 women, for 15 days pending investigation.
2012 May 6, Egypt's
Islamist-dominated parliament approved a ban on the country's next
president from sending civilians for trial by military tribunals,
but preserving that power for the military itself.
2012 May 7, In Egypt
investigating judges sent 293 people to trial on charges related to
protests last December that left 14 people dead in 4 days of
(SFC, 5/8/12, p.A2)
2012 May 8, An Egyptian court
upheld a one-year prison sentence for prominent activist Asmaa
Mahfouz for assaulting a witness in an ongoing trial over a deadly
clash between soldiers and Christians. She was in the United States
and unable to attend the sentencing.
2012 May 11, Egyptian
expatriates voted to replace ousted leader Hosni Mubarak in what
were hoped to be the first genuinely contested presidential
elections in the country's history. The general election begins May
2012 May 17, In Egypt a Cairo
court found 14 policemen not guilty in the killing of protesters
during last year’s popular uprising. They were among 200 security
officers and former regime officials facing trial for the deaths of
nearly 850 protesters.
(SFC, 5/18/12, p.A2)
2012 May 17, Algerian singer
Warda al-Jazairia (72), the Algerian Rose, died in Cairo. She was a
regional icon whose powerful patriotic tunes were matched in
popularity by her romantic ballads. She performed for presidents and
popular audiences, reinventing herself over the decades to appeal to
old and young alike.
2012 May 19, The European Bank
for Reconstruction and Development approved investment of 1.0
billion euros for expansion into north Africa and the Middle East
under its first British president, Suma Chakrabarti, who a day
earlier replaced Thomas Mirow from Germany. The EBRD is planning to
invest specifically in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan.
2012 May 21, An Egyptian court
sentenced 12 Christians to life in prison and acquitted 8 Muslims in
relations to the April, 2010, strife in Minya province that left 2
(SFC, 5/22/12, p.A2)
2012 May 22, An Egyptian court
sentenced five policemen to 10 years in prison in absentia for
killing protesters, in a rare conviction of security officials
accused of using deadly force against the demonstrations that
overthrew Hosni Mubarak in 2011. Out of the 17 defendants who
appeared before the Giza Criminal Court, two others received
one-year suspended sentences while ten other policemen were
2012 May 23, Egyptians voted in
presidential elections for the first time in generations. A field of
13 candidates ran in the 2-day vote. This first run was not expected
to produce an outright winner. A runoff between the two top
vote-getters will be held June 16-17.
2012 May 25, Egypt’s Muslim
Brotherhood predicted its candidate, Mohammed Morsi, would face
former prime minister Ahmed Shafiq, a veteran of Mubarak's rule, in
a runoff to be held on June 16-17. Counts from stations around the
country reported by the state news agency gave Mohammed Morsi 25.3%
and Ahmed Shafiq 24.9% with less than 100,000 votes difference.
(AP, 5/25/12)(AP, 5/26/12)
2012 May 26, Egyptian
presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq (70) paid tribute to the
"glorious revolution" that toppled Hosni Mubarak. Shafiq, the last
prime minister to serve under Mubarak, vowed there would be no
"recreation of the old regime" as he prepared to face off against
Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood in a runoff on June 16-17.
2012 May 27, An Egyptian
criminal court convicted Zakaria Azmi, Hosni Mubarak's chief of
staff, of corruption and sentenced him to seven years in prison. He
was also fined 36.3 million pounds ($6 million).
2012 May 29, In Egypt final
election results showed that that Mohammed Morsi won close to 5.8
million votes, or almost 25%, while Ahmed Shafiq garnered 5.5
million votes, or nearly 24%. Finishing third was leftist candidate
Hamdeen Sabahi with 4.8 million votes, or about 21%.
2012 May 30, In Egypt Hosni
Mubarak's two sons were accused with insider trading in a new case.
7 others were also accused of conspiring to stealthily buy a
controlling 80 percent stake in Al Watany Bank of Egypt without
declaring their share to the stock market authority.
A criminal court convicted and sentenced to five years in prison a
policeman for his part in the shooting death of 18 protesters on
January 28, 2011, the bloodiest day of Egypt’s uprising.
2012 May 31, Egypt's notorious
emergency law, in force since 1981, lapsed at the end of a two-year
extension passed by ousted President Hosni Mubarak's parliament.
2012 Jun 2, In Egypt Hosni
Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison for failing to stop the
killing of protesters during the uprising that forced him from power
last year. His former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly, who was in
charge of the police and other security forces at the time of the
uprising, was also convicted of failing to act to stop the killings.
The ousted president and his sons were acquitted, however, of
corruption charges in a mixed verdict that swiftly provoked a new
wave of anger on Egypt's streets.
2012 Jun 3, In Egypt hundreds
of people occupied Cairo's Tahrir Square after a night of rage
against what they feel are lenient sentences given to ousted
dictator Hosni Mubarak and his security chiefs.
2012 Jun 5, Egyptians in their
hundreds began gathering in Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square ahead of a
mass demonstration to protest against verdicts handed down in
ex-president Hosni Mubarak's murder trial.
2012 Jun 8, In Egypt a mob of
hundreds of men assaulted women holding a march demanding an end to
sexual harassment, with the attackers overwhelming the male
guardians and groping and molesting several of the female marchers
in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
2012 Jun 14, Egypt's highest
court ruled that former PM Ahmed Shafiq, the last prime minister to
serve under Hosni Mubarak, can stay in the presidential race and
that a third of lawmakers in parliament were illegally elected,
forcing a re-vote in a potential blow to Islamists who dominate the
2012 Jun 15, Egypt's Muslim
Brotherhood warned that a court ruling to dissolve the Islamist-led
parliament and let Hosni Mubarak's former prime minister run for
president is a move toward reversing the gains of the revolution.
2012 Jun 16, Egyptians entered
their latest round of elections in a race between Ahmed Shafiq, a
career air force officer, and the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed
Morsi. The two-day balloting will produce Egypt's first president
since the ouster of Mubarak. The military told parliament it has
been dissolved and banned its members from entering the house after
a court annulled the last legislative poll.
(AP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 6/16/12)
2012 Jun 17, Egyptians voted
for a 2nd day in a presidential runoff pitting Hosni Mubarak's last
prime minister against a conservative Islamist. Mohammed Morsi of
the Muslim Brotherhood took nearly 52% of the vote to defeat
Mubarak's last PM Ahmed Shafiq with about 48%. The military council
issued an interim constitution just as polls were closing that gave
the generals sweeping authority to maintain their grip on power and
subordinate the nominal head of state. The interim constitution
declared the military rulers the country's lawmakers in lieu of the
dissolved parliament, gave them control over the budget and the
power to determine who writes the permanent constitution that will
define the country's future.
(AP, 6/17/12)(AP, 6/18/12)
2012 Jun 18, In Egypt Ahmed
Shafiq angrily dismissed claims of victory by his rival Mohammed
Mursi, accusing the Muslim Brotherhood candidate of using false
figures. Official results were not expected until June 21.
2012 Jun 18, Israel carried out
an air strike on northern Gaza, killing two Palestinians who were
identified by local witnesses as members of the radical Islamic
Jihad movement. Hours earlier a group of militants, who sneaked
across the Egyptian border, killed an Israeli civilian sparking a
firefight which left at least two gunmen dead.
2012 Jun 19, Egypt's Hosni
Mubarak (84) suffered a stroke in prison and was put on life
support. State news initially said Mubarak was “clinically dead."
(AFP, 6/19/12)(AP, 6/20/12)(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A4)
2012 Jun 20, In Egypt Hosni
Mubarak was in a coma but off life support and his heart and other
vital organs were functioning following a stroke a day earlier.
2012 Jun 22, In Egypt tens of
thousands rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square to support Mohammed
Morsi, the Brotherhood's candidate for president. A delay in the
run-off results, which had been due a day earlier, widely raised
suspicions that the result was being negotiated rather than counted.
2012 Jun 24, Egypt’s head of
the electoral commission announced that Muslim Brotherhood member
Mohamed Morsi with 51.73% of the vote is declared the first
president of Egypt since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak.
Tens of thousands packed into Cairo's Tahrir Square in the largest
celebration the protest hub has witnessed since Hosni Mubarak's
ouster, to celebrate their new president-elect, Mohamed Morsi.
2012 Jun 26, Egypt’s state
media reported that Hassan Abdel Rahman, the former head of the
feared State Security Investigations, will face trial with 40 police
co-defendants for destroying records. A court had acquitted on June
2 Abdel Rahman and six police commanders for failing to prevent the
killings of protesters. Egypt's administrative court suspended a
justice ministry decision that had empowered the military to arrest
civilians, responding to an appeal by 17 rights groups against the
controversial June 13 decree.
(AFP, 6/26/12)(AFP, 6/27/12)
2012 Jun 26, Egypt’s losing
presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq fled to the UAR hours after a
top prosecutor ordered an investigation into allegations that he had
wasted public funds.
(SFC, 6/27/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 28, An Egyptian court
jailed for 15 years each former oil minister Sameh Fahmi and
fugitive businessman Hussein Salem for selling natural gas to Israel
below market value. Five former high ranking officials from the oil
and gas authority received jail sentences raging from three to 10
years on similar charges.
2012 Jun 30, In Egypt Mohamed
Morsi took the oath of office to become the country’s first Islamist
president and its first elected head of state since the revolt that
overthrew Hosni Mubarak overthrow last year.
2012 Jun 30, Egyptian press
reported that security forces have seized a large weapons
consignment, including Grad rockets, that had been smuggled from
Libya and could have been headed to the Gaza Strip.
2012 Jul 2, Syria's main exiled
opposition groups met in Cairo to try to forge a common vision for a
political transition in Syria. Rebel fighters and activists based in
Syria announced they would boycott the Cairo meeting. The
Observatory said at least 5 civilians were killed today.
2012 Jul 3, The Syrian
Revolution General Commission (SRGC) pulled out of the Cairo
conference, citing political disputes. The Syrian Kurdish National
Council stormed out of the meeting, protesting that the final
document failed to specifically mention the Kurds.
2012 Jul 4, Egyptian security
officials said university student Ahmed Hussein Eid (20) was fatally
stabbed as his girlfriend looked on after three suspected Islamic
militants confronted the couple and told them they should not be
together in public. The killing followed murders of two musicians,
also by suspected militants.
2012 Jul 4, Syria's fractured
opposition groups wound up talks in Cairo that descended into chaos
and even fist fights as they tried to forge a common vision for a
transition in their country. They did agree on the final documents,
which included an end to the Assad regime, support of the Free
Syrian Army, and agreement on basic constitutional principles of
justice, democracy and pluralism.
2012 Jul 4, Sweden granted
permanent residency to Ahmed Agiza (49), a former Egyptian terror
suspect. The Swedish government has acknowledged blame for the
circumstances of the 2001 deportation and that Agiza and fellow
Egyptian Muhammed Alzery were tortured in Egypt. It has awarded them
3 million kronor ($433,000) each in compensation for circumstances
related to their deportations.
2012 Jul 7, Egyptian border
guards arrested 68 Eritreans and Ethiopians trying to sneak across
the border into Israel.
2012 Jul 8, Egypt's new
President Mohamed Morsi issued a decree annulling the Supreme
Court's June 14 dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament.
2012 Jul 9, Egypt's highest
court insisted that its ruling that led to the dissolution of the
Islamist-dominated parliament was final and binding, setting up a
showdown with the country's newly elected president. Egypt's MENA
state news agency said speaker Saad el-Katatni has called for
parliament to meet on July 10.
2012 Jul 10, Egypt's
Islamist-dominated parliament opened a new front in the country's
leadership showdowns by meeting in defiance of orders that disbanded
the chamber and brought President Mohammed Morsi in conflict with
both the powerful military and the highest court. The session was
brief, lasting just five minutes. The Supreme Constitutional Court
on annulled a decree by newly-elected President Mohamed Morsi
reinstating the Islamist-led lower house of parliament. Thousands of
protesters rallied in Tahrir Square in support of Morsi.
(AP, 7/10/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)
2012 Jul 11, Egypt's President
Mohamed Morsi said he will respect a court ruling overturning his
decree for the dissolved Islamist-dominated parliament to convene.
2012 Jul 13, Egypt's new
Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and Tunisian President Moncef
Marzouki told reporters in Cairo that the two nations will rebuild
ties after what he described as years of stagnant, routine
2012 Jul 13, In Egypt Bedouin
men kidnapped two US tourists and their guide in the lawless Sinai.
Police said that they were demanding the release of a jailed
tribesman in exchange for the hostages. Rev. Michel Louis (61) and
Lissa Alphonse (39) and their guide, Haytham Ragab, were released on
(AFP, 7/13/12)(AP, 7/16/12)
2012 Jul 14, In northern Egypt
some 23,000 textile workers went on strike in Mahalla al-Kobra,
demanding higher wages.
2012 Jul 14, In Egypt an
11-storey building in the poor Alexandria neighborhood of al-Gomrouk
collapsed onto three adjacent buildings, reducing much of the
structures to rubble. 19 people were reported killed.
(AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 7/16/12)
2012 Jul 16, Egypt’s ousted
leader Hosni Mubarak (84) was returned to a Cairo prison.
(SFC, 7/17/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 19, In Egypt bearded
men in the short robes, favored by some Islamists, machine-gunned 2
soldiers as they were walking on foot in Sheikh Zweid town near the
Gaza Strip. Pres. Morsi, who was sworn in last month as Egypt's
first elected civilian president, issued an order to pardon 572
people convicted by military tribunals.
(AP, 7/19/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012 Jul 19, In Ohio Omar
Suleiman (76), Egypt's former spy chief, died in Cleveland. Suleiman
was appointed vice president on Jan. 29, 2011, at the peak of last
2012 Jul 21, An Egyptian court
sentenced Ali Wanees, an ultraconservative former lawmaker and
cleric, to a year in prison for public indecency, after police said
they found him fondling a woman on his lap in a parked car at night.
He was tried in absentia and is allowed a retrial. The court
sentenced the woman he was with to six months in jail.
2012 Jul 22, In Egypt attackers
blew up a gas pipeline in the Sinai used to export fuel to Israel
and Jordan, the 15th such attack since 2011.
2012 Jul 23, Egypt began to
release detainees held by the military following a decree last week
by President Mohamed Morsi.
2012 Jul 23, Egypt's ambassador
to the West Bank Yasser Othman said transiting Palestinians can
enter Egypt for 72 hours to arrange their own travel. A Palestinian
official in Cairo said more easing of restrictions are being
2012 Jul 24, Egypt's president
designated Hesham Kandil, a young, independent US-educated
irrigation minister, as the new prime minister to form a government
that will be tasked with turning the country's economy and security
2012 Aug 2, A judge in Egypt
investigating corruption charges against former Hosni Mubarak
premier Ahmed Shafiq ordered Mubarak's two sons detained for
allegedly buying land from Shafiq at below market price.
2012 Aug 5, In Egypt some 35
suspected Islamists attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula
near Rafah, killing 16 soldiers before stealing two of their
vehicles and bursting through a security fence into Israel. 8
militants were killed by Israeli forces who struck from the air, as
well as with tanks and artillery.
(AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/8/12)
2012 Aug 7, In Egypt gunmen
opened fire late this night on three security checkpoints around
el-Arish, the capital of North Sinai province. Egypt’s military in
response started a joint military-police ground operation in Sinai,
backed by warplanes, to "restore stability and regain control" of
2012 Aug 8, Egypt's state
television reported the military killed 20 militants in
unprecedented air strikes. Egypt said the attackers who killed 16
Egyptian soldiers had help from Gaza. In response Egypt closed its
border crossing and shut down hundreds of smuggling tunnels. Gazans
said the sealing of their territory following a weekend attack by
Islamic militants has sent prices soaring and is leaving hundreds of
medical patients stranded. President Mohammed Morsi fired his
intelligence chief for failing to act on an Israeli warning of an
imminent attack days before militants stormed a border post in the
(AFP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/8/12)
2012 Aug 9, In Egypt a massive
power cut hit large parts of Cairo, home to some 18 million people,
halting much of its metro service and delaying trading on the stock
2012 Aug 10, Egyptian troops
stormed a house in Sheik Zweid, close to Rafah border crossing with
Gaza Strip, and caught 9 Islamic militants while they were asleep.
Gunmen attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula overnight,
causing no casualties, as the army massed troops to quell
increasingly deadly Islamist militants.
(AP, 8/10/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)
2012 Aug 11, Egypt's official
news agency said Qatar has granted Egypt a $2 billion loan to help
the country's flagging economy.
2012 Aug 12, Egypt's President
Morsi announced a surprise decision to retire the defense minister
and chief of staff and seize back the powers the military grabbed
from his office. Security forces killed 6 suspected militants during
raids on hideouts in two villages in northern Sinai. They seized
landmines, an anti-aircraft missile, heavy machine-guns and
grenades. Separately 3 policemen were killed and four others injured
when their car turned over while chasing a group of criminals in
2012 Aug 14, Egyptian Cabinet
ministers and World Bank officials signed off on a $200 million
project aimed at creating 250,000 jobs after more than a year of
slow economic growth.
2012 Aug 14, Egypt's security
forces exchanged fire with militants in the Sinai peninsula, as the
military continued its campaign against Islamists in the lawless
2012 Aug 14, Egypt opened its
border with Hamas-ruled Gaza for a 3-day period ahead of a major
Muslim holiday this weekend, but imposed tight restrictions on who
can travel and did not say whether it would resume normal border
operations. From its side, Hamas also temporarily prevented access
to the illegal underground tunnels in a show of goodwill toward
2012 Aug 16, In Egypt a Cairo
court charged controversial TV presenter Tawfiq Okasha with
suggesting the killing of Pres. Morsi during his nightly TV show.
The court also referred the chief editor of el-Dustour daily, Islam
Afifi, for his newspaper's harsh criticism of Morsi.
2012 Aug 18, In Egypt militants
wounded three policemen in the Sinai Peninsula in an ambush of their
vehicle with a rocket propelled grenade.
2012 Aug 23, A Cairo court
ordered Islam Afifi, the chief editor of the privately-owned
el-Dustour daily newspaper, detained pending trial on charges of
insulting Egypt’s president and "spreading lies." Afifi was released
from jail just hours later after Pres. Morsi issued a law banning
the imprisonment of journalists accused of media-related offenses.
(AP, 8/23/12)(AP, 8/24/12)
2012 Aug 24, In Egypt some 200
hundred protesters rallied in Tahrir Square to denounce the
country's Islamist president and his Muslim Brotherhood group.
2012 Aug 25, Egyptian security
officials said military engineers have blocked 120 tunnels used for
smuggling to and from the Gaza Strip since the start of operations
in the neighboring Sinai Peninsula.
2012 Aug 25, A boat carrying
some 40 Egyptian migrants sank off the coast of Libya. Fisherman
rescued 33 migrants but 7 remained missing.
(AFP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)
2012 Aug 26, An Egyptian
security official says Egypt has reopened its passenger terminal
with the Gaza Strip and resumed normal operations there after nearly
three weeks of disruption following a deadly attack on Egyptian
soldiers by Islamic militants.
2012 Aug 26, In Egypt Ibrahim
Madhan, a suspected militant, was killed while riding a motorcycle
in the Sinai Peninsula some 15 km (9 miles) from the Israeli border.
2012 Aug 28, Egyptian Deputy
Foreign Minister Ramzi Ezzeldin Ramzi formally gave Iran the
rotating presidency of the 120-nation Non-Aligned Movement. Iran is
currently hosting the weeklong gathering of the 51-year-old group,
which ends Aug 31.
2012 Aug 29, The Egyptian
military said that 11 "terrorists" have been killed in its campaign
against Islamist militants in the Sinai peninsula. This contradicted
earlier claims of having killed 20 militants in helicopter strikes.
2012 Aug 29, Egyptian
prosecutors said they have charged Safwat el-Sherif, former Pres.
Mubarak's minister of information for nearly two decades, with
corruption. An official said he had illegally appropriated villas,
lands and apartments originally owned by the state and had also
received gifts worth millions of Egyptian pounds from chief editors
in the state media in return for keeping them in their positions.
2012 Aug 30, Egypt’s Pres.
Mohammed Morsi urged the world to support the rebels in Syria as he
spoke in Tehran before an int’l. meeting of nonaligned nations.
(SFC, 8/31/12, p.A3)
2012 Aug 31, Egyptian police
found the decapitated head in Sinai of Manazil Bereikat, kidnapped
by Islamist militants, reportedly for his role in assassinating an
extremist. He was from the same tribe of Ibrahim Ouda Bereikat, an
extremist killed in a mysterious explosion near the Israeli border
on August 26.
2012 Sep 1, Egyptian
authorities arrested Hamada Abou Shita, a militant wanted for his
alleged role in planning and carrying out deadly attacks last year
on a police station and a bank in the Sinai Peninsula. A court
sentenced Abu Shita to death in absentia on Aug. 14 for his alleged
part in the 2011 attacks.
2012 Sep 2, Egypt's state TV
lifted a decades-long ban on veiled female news presenters whom
successive secular-leaning regimes have barred from going on air.
2012 Sep 6, Egypt's PM Hesham
Kandil said Qatar has agreed to invest $18 billion in Egypt over the
next five years to help boost the country's ailing economy.
2012 Sep 6, A Cairo court found
four senior policemen not guilty of the killing of protesters during
last year's popular uprising, the latest acquittal of officials
charged in connection to the 850 deaths caused by the crackdown.
2012 Sep 7, Egypt's national
air carrier said it will resume international flights after the
airline's flight attendants suspended a 12-hour strike pending
negotiations to meet their grievances.
2012 Sep 9, In Egypt about 150
tour guides demonstrated outside Cairo's famed Egyptian Museum. They
said the lack of security and increased lawlessness, which has
plagued much of Egypt following the toppling of Mubarak, has exposed
them to attacks from vendors and competitors and further complicates
attempts to lure tourists back.
2012 Sep 11, Egyptian
protesters scaled the walls of the US embassy in Cairo, tore down
the American flag and burned it during a protest over what they said
was a film being produced in the United States that insulted Prophet
2012 Sep 13, An Egyptian court
convicted former prime minister Ahmed Nazif on corruption charges
and sentenced him to three years in prison. Nazif was also fined 4.5
million Egyptian pounds, or about $750,000. Nazif was already
serving a seven-year term for his role in awarding contracts for
supplying new car license plates without going through legal
2012 Sep 13, In Egypt Alber
Saber was arrested after neighbors complained he had shared on
Facebook the amateur film made in the US that sparked protests
across the Muslim world. His arrest came during a wave of public
outrage over the film, produced by an Egyptian-American Copt. On Dec
12 a Cairo court convicted and sentenced Saber to three years in
prison for blasphemy and contempt of religion.
2012 Sep 14, In Egypt a
20-year-old died from wounds suffered from rubber bullets. Several
hundred protesters have been clashing for several days with police
preventing them from reaching the US embassy to protest against an
anti-Muslim film. In Egypt's Sinai Peninsula suspected Islamic
militants stormed the base of int’l. peacekeepers near the
Gaza-Israel border, wounding four officers.
2012 Sep 16, The CEO of EL AL
Airlines said Israel's national airline will stop flying to Cairo,
even though the Israel-Egypt peace treaty mandates flights to the
country. Eliezer Shkedi said that flights are nearly empty, and the
airline cannot afford the high security and operating costs.
2012 Sep 16, Sudan's President
Omar al-Bashir arrived in Egypt for a state visit, even though he is
wanted for arrest by the International Criminal Court.
2012 Sep 18, Egypt's general
prosecutor issued arrest warrants for seven Egyptian Coptic
Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and referred them to
trial on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that has sparked riots
across the Muslim world. The prosecutor's office said the seven men
and one woman, all of whom are believed to be outside of Egypt, are
charged with harming national unity, insulting and publicly
attacking Islam and spreading false information.
2012 Sep 22, Egypt’s chief
forensic doctor said in a published interview that former
Pres. Hosni Mubarak has never suffered a stroke and that he is not
in critical condition.
(SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)
2012 Sep 22, Qatar said it will
make critical investments in a $3.7 billion oil refinery project in
Egypt that's among the biggest economic initiatives since the 2011
fall of Hosni Mubarak.
2012 Sep 24, An Egyptian court
sentenced 14 Salafists to death by hanging and four to life
imprisonment for attacks last year on army and police in the Sinai.
(Reuters, 9/24/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.55)
2012 Sep 25, An Egyptian court
convicted three Islamists of killing a student this summer as he sat
in a quiet park with his fiancée, sentencing them to 15 years in
prison in a case that sparked fears of vigilantes trying to enforce
strict religious mores.
2012 Sep 27, An Egyptian court
upheld a six-year jail sentence for Michelle Bishoy, also known as
Bishoy el-Behiri, a Coptic Christian school teacher convicted of
insulting Islam and the country's Islamist president in postings on
2012 Oct 1, Egypt's doctors
began a partial strike, abstaining from offering non-emergency
services in public hospitals to protest run-down facilities and
2012 Oct 4, An Egyptian court
convicted Ahmed Ezz, a Hosni Mubarak-era steel magnate, of money
laundering, sentencing him to seven years in prison and fining him
19.5 billion Egyptian pounds (about $3 billion). Ezz was already
serving a 10-year sentence for a corruption conviction last year.
2012 Oct 8, Egypt's new Pres.
Mohammed Morsi issued a decree pardoning all those charged with or
convicted of acts "in support of the revolution" since the beginning
of the popular uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak from power.
2012 Oct 8, In Egypt a troop
carrier overturned on a mountain road in the Sinai Peninsula early
today, killing at least 21 members of the security forces stationed
on the border with Israel.
2012 Oct 10, An Egyptian court
acquitted 24 loyalists of ousted President Hosni Mubarak who had
been accused of organizing one of the most dramatic attacks on
protesters during last year's uprising, the "Camel Battle," in which
assailants on horses and camels charged into crowds in Cairo's
Tahrir Square. The Feb. 2, 2011 assault left nearly a dozen people
2012 Oct 10, In southern Egypt
Abu Bakar, a teacher in Luxor province, punished two 12-year-old
schoolgirls for not wearing the Muslim headscarf by cutting their
hair. On Nov 6 Bakar was given a 6-month suspended sentence for
childe abuse and fined $8.
(AP, 10/17/12)(AP, 11/6/12)
2012 Oct 12, In Egypt Liberal
and leftist groups had called a protest to demand more action from
Pres. Morsi after his first 100 days in office. Morsi's supporters
called for a separate rally to demand judicial independence
following the acquittals of Mubarak loyalists on Oct 10. A melee
erupted after Morsi's supporters stormed the activists' stage at
Cairo's Tahrir Square, angered by chants from the opposition they
perceived as insults to the president.
2012 Oct 13, Egypt's prosecutor
general defied a presidential decision to remove him from his post,
entering his office in a downtown Cairo courthouse flanked by
security and hundreds of judicial officials. President Morsi had
ordered Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud to step down in an apparent bid to
appease public anger over the acquittals of ex-regime officials
accused of orchestrating violence against protesters last year.
Morsi backed down from his decision to remove Mahmoud, keeping him
in his post and sidestepping a potential clash with the country's
2012 Oct 17, In Egypt a top
parliamentarian suspended the editor-in-chief of a state-owned
newspaper for publishing a report deemed an offense to the military.
2012 Oct 19, In Egypt the
political party of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood elected Saad
el-Katatny, a former speaker of parliament, as the new leader the
Freedom and Justice Party to replace Mohammed Morsi, who resigned
from the post after winning the country's presidential election.
Several thousand protesters rallied in Cairo to demand the president
and his Muslim Brotherhood supporters ensure the country's
constitution represents all factions of society.
2012 Oct 23, Egypt's security
forces intercepted a group of smugglers bringing in weapons from
2012 Oct 24, In Egypt Karim
el-Azizi (35) detonated an explosive device after briefly exchanging
gunfire with security forces that had surrounded his building in
Cairo's northern suburb of Nasr City. The Libyan national, linked to
the Sep 11 deadly attack on the US Consulate, had turned his rented
apartment into a small weapons cache before he died. Security forces
arrested four other men in a nearby suburb describing them as part
of a terrorist cell.
2012 Nov 3, Egypt’s antiquities
ministry says that Czech archaeologists have unearthed the
4,500-year-old tomb of a Pharaonic princess south of Cairo. Princess
Shert Nebti's burial site is surrounded by the tombs of four high
officials from the Fifth Dynasty dating to around 2,500 BC in the
Abu Sir complex near the famed step pyramid of Saqqara.
2012 Nov 3, In Egypt suspected
Islamic militants ambushed police in the northern Sinai Peninsula
killing three in El-Arish.
(SSFC, 11/4/12, p.A4)
2012 Nov 4, Egypt's ancient
Coptic Christian church named a new pope. Bishop Tawadros will be
ordained Nov. 18 as Pope Tawadros II.
2012 Nov 6, In Egypt gunmen
shot and critically injured Selim Said el-Gamal, a senior security
official, in the country's turbulent northern Sinai region.
2012 Nov 7, Egypt's top
prosecutor ordered government ministries to enforce a ban on
pornographic websites, three years after a court denounced the sites
as "venomous and vile." The order followed a protest by
2012 Nov 10, In Egypt two
trains traveling south of Cairo collided, killing at least four
people. An error by a switch operator is believed to have caused the
2012 Nov 16, Thousands of
Egyptians protested against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip as
Egypt's prime minister visited the Palestinian enclave in a symbolic
show of support for the territory's Hamas rulers.
2012 Nov 17, In southern Egypt
a speeding train crashed into a bus carrying children to their
kindergarten, killing 48 children and 3 adults. On Jun2 29, 2013, a
court sentenced two railway workers to ten years in prison over the
train crash which left 52 people dead.
(AP, 11/17/12)(AP, 6/29/13)
2012 Nov 20, In Egypt youth
activist Gaber Salah was shot in the neck in Cairo in clashes that
started a day earlier, the first anniversary of the deadly
confrontation between police and demonstrators known as "Mohammed
2012 Nov 21, Egypt’s President
Mohammed Morsi mediated a cease-fire between Israelis and
Palestinians to end eight days of fierce fighting. The cease-fire
deal included agreement to open all border crossings with the Gaza
Strip, including with Egypt.
2012 Nov 21, Egyptian
protesters firebombed one of the offices of satellite broadcaster
Al-Jazeera and attacked a police chief who tried to negotiate an end
to three days of violent protests in central Cairo. Security
officials said that authorities have confiscated trucks carrying
explosive warheads and a variety of small-arms ammunition smuggled
2012 Nov 22, In Egypt Pres.
Mohammed Morsi granted himself sweeping new powers that critics fear
can allow him to be a virtual dictator. The temporary decrees
included exempting himself from judicial review, as well as a panel
writing the new constitution and the upper house of parliament, and
the power to enact any other measure he deemed necessary to deal
with a "threat" to Egypt's "revolution." Morsi sacked the prosecutor
general and ordered a retrial of officials appointed by former Pres.
(AP, 11/23/12)(SSFC, 11/25/12, p.A4)
2012 Nov 22, The top leader of
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood denounced peace efforts with Israel and
urged holy war to liberate Palestinian territories.
2012 Nov 22, An Egyptian court
cleared two policemen of killing protesters during the Jan 28, 2011,
uprising that led to toppling Hosni Mubarak.
2012 Nov 23, In Egypt opponents
and supporters of Mohammed Morsi clashed across the country, the day
after the president granted himself sweeping new powers. At least 15
were reported injured.
2012 Nov 24, Egypt's highest
body of judges slammed a recent decision by the president to grant
himself near-absolute power, calling the move an "unprecedented
assault" on the judiciary. Several hundred protesters remained in
Cairo's Tahrir Square, where a number of tents have been erected in
a sit-in following nearly a week of clashes with riot police.
2012 Nov 27, In Egypt thousands
flocked to Cairo's central Tahrir square for a protest against Pres.
Morsi in a significant test of whether the opposition can rally the
street behind it in a confrontation aimed at forcing the Islamist
leader to rescind decrees that granted him near absolute powers.
2012 Nov 28, Egypt's two
highest appeals courts suspended their work to protest presidential
decrees that gave the country's Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi
nearly absolute powers, state television reported.
2012 Nov 28, An Egyptian court
convicted in absentia seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a
Florida-based American pastor and sentenced them to death on charges
linked to an anti-Islam film that had sparked riots in parts of the
2012 Nov 30, In Egypt Islamists
approved a draft constitution without the participation of liberal
and Christian members, seeking to pre-empt a court ruling that could
dissolve their panel with a rushed, marathon vote that further
inflames the conflict between the opposition and President Mohammed
Morsi. Up to 200,000 people packed the streets of Cairo alone,
vowing to bring down a draft constitution approved by allies of
Pres. Morsi, and demanding he repeal the decrees that
neutralized the judiciary.
(AP, 11/30/12)(AP, 12/1/12)
2012 Dec 1, In Egypt tens of
thousands of people waving Egyptian flags and hoisting large
pictures of Pres. Morsi demonstrated across the country in support
of him and Islamic law.
2012 Dec 2, Egypt's top court
said it was suspending its work indefinitely to protest
"psychological and physical pressures" after supporters of the
country's Islamist president prevented judges from entering the
courthouse to rule on the legitimacy of a disputed constitutional
2012 Dec 4, Thousands of
Egyptians massed in Cairo for a march to the presidential palace to
protest the assumption by the nation's Islamist president of nearly
unrestricted powers and a draft constitution hurriedly adopted by
his allies. Several independent Egyptian newspapers suspended
publication. The media protest involved at least eight influential
dailies and was part of a planned campaign of civil disobedience.
2012 Dec 5, Egyptian President
Mohammed Morsi's supporters and opponents clashed outside the
presidential palace in Cairo, pelting each other with rocks and
fighting with sticks. At least 5 people were killed.
(AP, 12/5/12)(Econ, 12/8/12, p.51)
2012 Dec 6, Egypt's Republican
Guard ordered protesters supporting and opposing President Mohammed
Morsi to leave the area around the presidential palace after
overnight clashes in Cairo between supporters and opponents of
Egypt's Islamist leader killed at least five people.
2012 Dec 7, Thousands of
Egyptians took to the streets after midday prayers in rival rallies
and marches across Cairo, as the standoff deepened over what
opponents call the Islamist president's power grab, raising the
specter of more violence.
2012 Dec 9, Egypt's liberal
opposition called for more protests, seeking to keep up the momentum
of its street campaign. Morsi overnight annulled his Nov. 22 decrees
that gave him near unrestricted powers, but refused to rescind a
draft constitution going to a referendum on Dec 15.
2012 Dec 10, The Egyptian
military assumed joint responsibility with the police for security
and protecting state institutions until the results of a Dec 15
constitutional referendum are announced.
2012 Dec 11, In Egypt masked
gunmen attacked anti-Morsi protesters in Cairo's central Tahrir
Square before dawn, firing birdshot at them and wounding nine.
Thousands of opponents and supporters of Egypt's Islamist president
staged rival rallies in the nation's Cairo.
2012 Dec 12, Egypt's opposition
alliance urged supporters to vote "No" in the referendum on a
disputed constitution rather than boycotting, hours after the
Islamist government forged ahead by starting overseas voting in
diplomatic missions for expatriates. The full referendum was
initially scheduled to take place on Dec 15, but in a last minute
decree on Dec 11, Morsi ordered the voting stretched into another
round on Dec 22.
2012 Dec 14, Egyptian Islamists
clashed with opponents of a draft constitution in the Mediterranean
city of Alexandria after an ultraconservative cleric called on
worshippers to approve the charter in a referendum.
2012 Dec 15, Egyptians lined up
to vote on a draft constitution after weeks of turmoil that have
left them deeply divided between Islamist supporters of the charter
and those who fear it will usher in religious rule. Some 1,500
Egyptian women blocked a main road in the Mediterranean port city of
Alexandria, claiming a judge prevented them from voting on the draft
constitution because they weren't veiled. A 64% majority approved
the draft constitution.
(AP, 12/15/12)(Econ, 7/13/13, SR p.15)
2012 Dec 16, Key Egyptian
rights groups called for a repeat of the first round of the
constitutional referendum, alleging the vote was marred by
2012 Dec 18, Egypt's prosecutor
general Talaat Abdullah submitted his resignation less than a month
after he was swiftly sworn in by the Islamist president, who is
embroiled in a power struggle with the judiciary. Hundreds of public
prosecutors staged a sit-in outside Abdullah's office in Cairo. The
State Council of Judges said it will not oversee the second part of
the vote on the draft constitution.
2012 Dec 20, Talaat Abdullah,
Egypt's top prosecutor, retracted his resignation, a decision that
could cause a new uproar in the country after he was accused of
pressuring a judge not to release protesters opposed to the Islamist
2012 Dec 21, In Egypt Thousands
of Islamists clashed with their opponents in Alexandria, on the eve
of the second leg of voting on the country's contentious
constitution that has deeply polarized the nation.
2012 Dec 22, Egypt’s Vice
President Mahmoud Mekki resigned, saying he realized that politics
did not suit his professional background as a judge. Central bank
governor, Farouq el-Oqdah, also resigned.
2012 Dec 22, Egyptians voted in
the second and final phase of a referendum on an Islamist-backed
constitution that has polarized the nation, with little indication
that the result of the vote will end the political crisis in which
the country is mired.
2012 Dec 23, Egypt's opposition
called for an investigation into allegations of vote fraud in the
referendum on a deeply divisive Islamist-backed constitution after
the Muslim Brotherhood, the main group backing the charter, claimed
it passed with a 64 percent "yes" vote.
2012 Dec 26, Egypt's Islamist
Pres. Morsi proclaimed the country's newly adopted constitution as
the dawning of a "new republic" in a television address, calling on
the opposition to join a dialogue with him after a month of violent
turmoil and focus on repairing a damaged economy.
2012 Dec 27, Egypt's chief
prosecutor ordered an investigation into the leaders of the
country's opposition after a lawyer accused them of incitement to
overthrow the regime of newly elected Islamist President Mohammed
2012 Dec 29, An Egyptian
security official said that thousands of tons of building materials
such as cement and steel are crossing into the Palestinian Gaza
Strip, which had previously been under a strict blockade.
2012 Dec 31, Gunmen drove into
Cairo's Tahrir Square before dawnand fired at an anti-government
sit-in, seriously wounding a protester who had been jailed and
tortured by former military rulers after he witnessed the killing of
2012 Steven Cook authored “The
Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square."
(Econ, 2/25/12, p.96)
2012 Mohamed Heikal,
Egyptian political author, authored his Arabic-language book
"Mubarak and his Age," a sharply critical look at Mubarak a year
after he was ousted in a popular uprising.
2012 Ahdaf Soueif authored
“Cairo: My City, Our Revolution."
(Econ, 1/28/12, p.81)
2013 Jan 5, In Egypt
unidentified gunmen shot and killed an Egyptian policeman in
northern Sinai's main city of el-Arish.
2013 Jan 9, The fiercest winter
storm to hit the Mideast in years brought a rare foot of snow to
Jordan, caused fatal accidents in Lebanon and the West Bank, and
disrupted traffic on the Suez Canal in Egypt. At least eight people
died across the region.
2013 Jan 11, In Egypt Islamist
militants attacked a police patrol along a pipeline in the Sinai
Peninsula that transports natural gas to Jordan, wounding seven
2013 Jan 12, An Egyptian court
ordered a religious TV program hosted by a fiery preacher off the
air on charges of libeling and defaming a well-known actress. It was
one of three legal reverses suffered by Islamists today in cases
dealing with the media.
2013 Jan 12, In Egypt a dozen
masked attackers fired birdshot late today at protesters who have
camped outside the presidential palace in Cairo for the past month,
wounding several along with security forces standing watch nearby.
2013 Jan 13, In Egypt an
appeals court overturned Hosni Mubarak's life sentence and ordered a
retrial of the ousted president for failing to prevent the killing
of hundreds of protesters during the uprising that toppled his
2013 Jan 15, In Egypt a train
wreck killed 19 soldiers and injured over 100 others. The last
carriage of the train disconnected, jumped the tracks and crashed
into another train 20 km (12 miles) south of Cairo. Three workers
were later sentenced to two years of hard labor for the crash.
(AP, 1/15/13)(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.A5)
2013 Jan 15, A Saudi court
convicted an Egyptian human rights lawyer for smuggling drugs into
the kingdom. He was sentenced to five years in prison and 300
lashes. The case of Ahmed el-Gezawi caused an outcry in Egypt where
rights groups claimed he was initially detained in April 2012 for
criticizing the kingdom's monarch. They claimed he confessed to the
smuggling charges under duress.
2013 Jan 16, An Egyptian
prosecutor said ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his family paid
back 18 million Egyptian pounds ($3 million) for gifts they received
from a state newspaper while he was still in office.
2013 Jan 16, In Egypt an
8-story apartment building collapsed, killing 26 people in the
Mediterranean port city of Alexandria — the second tragic accident
in the country as many days.
(AP, 1/16/13)(AP, 1/17/13)
2013 Jan 18, Egyptian police
fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of Muslim protesters outside a
church in Qena province. 4 shops owned by Coptic Christians were
torched overnight after Marashda villagers accused one of the store
owners of molesting a 6-year-old girl.
2013 Jan 19, Egyptian riot
police fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators throwing stones
outside an Alexandria courtroom where the city's ex-security
director and other officers are on trial for the killing of
protesters during the 2011 uprising. A criminal court invoked a
presidential amnesty and dismissed charges against 379 people
accused of taking part in deadly clashes with police.
2013 Jan 20, In Egypt overnight
clashes between police and residents of a district just north of
Cairo left four people dead and 12 wounded. The clashes began when a
bystander in Shubra al-Kheima was hit by a stray bullet fired by
police chasing a suspected drug dealer. Gunmen raided a post office
in the Nile Delta town of Kafr el-Dawar, killing a police guard
before making away with 2 million pounds (around $300,000). A
courthouse went up in flames in Alexandria during a 2nd straight day
of clashes between protesters and riot police.
2013 Jan 21, In Egypt a
speeding truck collided with a minibus on a highway in the country's
south, killing 14 people and injuring 13 others.
2013 Jan 24, Egyptian riot
police fired tear gas and clashed with dozens of protesters who were
trying to tear down a cement wall built to prevent demonstrators
from reaching parliament and the Cabinet building. A video was
posted online showing youths dressed in black marching in lines in
the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. "We are the Black Bloc ...
seeking people's liberation, the fall of corruption and the toppling
of the tyrant," proclaimed the video.
(AP, 1/24/13)(AP, 1/28/13)
2013 Jan 25, Egypt’s schism was
on display as the mainly liberal and secular opposition held rallies
saying the goals of the pro-democracy uprising have not been met and
denouncing Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. At least 11 people
were killed as tens of thousands took to the streets to deliver an
angry backlash against Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood.
(AP, 1/25/13)(AP, 1/27/13)
2013 Jan 26, In Egypt violence
left 37 people dead in Port Said after a judge sentenced 21 people
to death in connection with a Feb. 1 soccer melee that killed 74
fans of the Cairo-based Al-Ahly team.
(AP, 1/26/13)(AP, 1/27/13)
2013 Jan 27, In Egypt clashes
broke out in Cairo for a 4th straight day, with protesters and
police near central Tahrir Square, birthplace of the 2011 uprising.
Police fired tear gas as protesters pelted them with rocks. Pres.
Morsi declared a 30-day state of emergency and night curfew in the
three Suez Canal provinces hit hardest by the wave of violence that
has left more than 50 dead in three days.
2013 Jan 28, In Egypt
riot police fired tear gas at rock-throwing protesters in central
Cairo, and one protester died of gunshot wounds. Egypt's main
opposition coalition rejected the Islamist president's call for
dialogue unless their conditions are met.
2013 Jan 30, In Egypt two
protesters were killed in clashes in Cairo's Tahrir Square and its
surroundings. Mohamed ElBaradei, Egypt's liberal opposition leader,
called for a broad national dialogue with the Islamist government,
all political factions and the powerful military.
2013 Jan 30, Egypt's Islamist
Pres. Morsi, on a one-day visit to Berlin to seek support to rebuild
a crumbling Egyptian economy, turned aside repeated criticism of his
past comments referring to Jews as "the descendants of apes and
pigs," insisting that the remarks were taken out of context and were
aimed at criticizing Israeli attacks on Palestinians.
2013 Jan 31, Egypt’s opposition
National Salvation Front held a meeting with Pres. Morsi's Muslim
Brotherhood under the aegis of Egypt's premier Islamic institution,
Al-Azhar, in their first ever meeting. They and other politicians
signed a joint statement denouncing violence.
2013 Jan 31, The United Nations
demanded that Egyptian authorities act to bring perpetrators of
sexual assaults to justice, saying it had reports of 25 sexual
assaults on women in Tahrir rallies over the past week.
2013 Feb 1, Thousands of
Egyptians marched across the country, chanting against the rule of
the Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, in a fresh wave of protests.
Protesters denouncing Pres. Morsi hurled stones and firebombs
through the gates of his palace gates, clashing with security forces
who fired tear gas and water cannons. Video footage showed at least
seven black-clad riot police beating Hamada Saber (48), whose pants
are down around his ankles, with sticks before dragging him along
the muddy pavement and tossing him into a police van.
(AP, 2/1/13)(AP, 2/2/13)
2013 Feb 2, An Egyptian court
sentenced Habib al-Adly, the country's former interior minister, to
three years in prison after finding him guilty of abusing his
position in power by forcing police conscripts to work on his
mansion and land outside Cairo. The Giza court also convicted former
riot police chief Hassan Abdel-Hamid of authorizing the illegal
labor and sentenced him to three years in prison. Several thousand
anti-government demonstrators marched again on the presidential
palace denouncing the police and Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
Over 50 people have been killed in violence over the last 10 days.
(AP, 2/2/13)(AP, 2/3/13)(SSFC, 2/3/13, p.A3)
2013 Feb 3, In Egypt street
vendor Omar Salah (12) was killed during clashes near Tahrir Square.
Activists soon accused the government of trying to cover up the
death. On Feb 14 the government made a rare admission and apology
for mistakenly shooting and killing the boy.
2013 Feb 4, An Egyptian
opposition party claimed police tortured one of its members to
death, electrocuting him and beating him repeatedly on the head.
Activist Mohammed el-Gindy (28) died of his wounds early today at a
Cairo hospital. He had disappeared after a protest and turned up in
a hospital in a coma with bruises and internal bleeding. Security
officials denied responsibility.
(AP, 2/4/13)(AP, 2/14/13)
2013 Feb 5, Iran’s Pres.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad began a three-day visit to Egypt, centered
around an Islamic summit. He said his country is ready to provide a
"big credit line" to help revive the distressed economy of Egypt.
2013 Feb 6, In Egypt more than
25 prime ministers and presidents began a two-day summit of the
Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Cairo. Leaders of Muslim
countries offered conflicting approaches to the crises in Mali and
Syria, exposing some of the deep divisions that run through the
2013 Feb 7, Egypt's PM Hesham
Kandil condemned religious edicts by hardline Muslim clerics calling
for the killing of opposition leaders and said the government is
considering legal action against them. Kandil faced uproar, derision
and even lawsuits after he blamed health problems of babies in
impoverished villages on nursing mothers who "out of ignorance"
don't clean their breasts and talked of village women getting raped
in the fields.
2013 Feb 7, In Egypt an Islamic
summit urged Syrian opposition forces and members of Pres. Bashar
Assad's regime, whose hands are not tainted by violence, to hold
talks to try to resolve the nation's civil war.
2013 Feb 8, Thousands of
Egyptians staged rallies in cities across the country to denounce
the rule of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and his fundamentalist
2013 Feb 9, A Cairo court
ordered the government to block access to the video-sharing website
YouTube for 30 days for carrying an anti-Islam film that caused
deadly riots across the world. The ruling can be appealed and based
on precedent may not be enforced.
2013 Feb 11, Egypt’s Senior
Scholars Authority elected Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim, a professor
in Islamic jurisprudence, as Grand Mufti. Previously, the Grand
Mufti was appointed by the president. Security forces sprayed
protesters with water hoses and tear gas outside the presidential
palace as Egyptians marked the 2nd anniversary of the fall of Hosni
Mubarak's with demonstrations against his elected
2013 Feb 12, In Egypt hundreds
of low-ranking policemen held protests demanding they not be used as
a tool for political oppression in the country's ongoing turmoil.
2013 Feb 14, Egypt's aviation
minister said the hiring of President Mohammed Morsi's son to a
highly-paid government job was justified, dismissing accusations of
nepotism. On Feb 16 the head of Egypt's holding company for airports
and aviation said Morsi's son has applied for a job that pays $133 a
month starting salary.
(AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/16/13)
2013 Feb 16, Egypt’s interior
ministry announced a move to purchase 100,000 new 9mm pistols for
police officers. This ended 5 days of strikes by police demanding
greater firepower under increasing lawlessness.
(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A4)
2013 Feb 16, A court in Egypt
ordered a TV channel that airs belly dancing clips off the air for
showing "sexually explicit" content and operating without a
2013 Feb 17, In Egypt thousands
of soccer fans enforced a work stoppage in the city of Port Said to
protest "injustices" by the government, disrupting rail services and
forcefully evicting workers from their factories and the provincial
2013 Feb 19, In Egypt hundreds
of protesters in Port Said pressured government employees to leave
work early as they enforced the third day of a general strike.
2013 Feb 19, Gaza Strip's Hamas
government and local smugglers accused Egypt of flooding
cross-border tunnels with sewage water in order to halt a thriving
smuggling trade. Egyptian engineers began flooding the tunnels in
(AP, 2/19/13)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.41)
2013 Feb 24, In Egypt thousands
of brick workers blocked railroad tracks from a southern city to
Cairo for a second day to protest rising industrial oil prices,
causing the cancellation of some services. Residents of Port Said
pressed their general strike which entered its second week.
2013 Feb 26, In Egypt a hot air
balloon flying over the ancient city of Luxor caught fire and
crashed into a sugar cane field, killing at least 19 foreign
tourists. The pilot, who sustained severe burns, and a British
tourist were the only survivors.
(AP, 2/26/13)(AP, 3/2/13)
2013 Feb 27, Egyptian
authorities confiscated two pick-up trucks carrying 60 anti-tank
missiles smuggled across the border from Libya.
2013 Feb 28, In Egypt dozens of
Muslim residents threw firebombs and rocks at police as they tried
to storm a church in southern Egypt in search of a woman suspected
of converting to Christianity in the town of Kom Ombo. Tensions rose
after a 36 year-old Muslim woman, who has been missing for five
days, was allegedly seen outside the church with a female Christian
friend. The woman was reported found on Feb 2 and police said that
"family and social reasons," not religion, were behind her
disappearance, and that she had not converted.
(AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/3/13)
2013 Mar 2, In Egypt
Hossam Eldin Abdullah Abdelazim, was killed when an armored police
vehicle crushed him to death during clashes between protesters and
police in Mansoura. A police car in Port Said hit five protesters
along a main road and sped off. The violence came as US Secretary of
State John Kerry was in Cairo talking with opposition figures ahead
of his meeting with the president and defense minister on March 3.
2013 Mar 2, A Libyan security
official said 50 Egyptians, who were arrested in Benghazi last week
for allegedly spreading Christianity, are being charged with
illegally entering and working in the country and will be deported.
2013 Mar 3, In Cairo, Egypt, US
Secretary of State John Kerry rewarded Egypt for President Mohammed
Morsi's pledges of political and economic reforms by releasing $250
million in American aid to support the country's "future as a
2013 Mar 3, In Port Said,
Egypt, fighting throughout the day killed two policemen and three
civilians as protesters pelted police forces with rocks and fire
bombs and the force responded with tear gas, and birdshots.
2013 Mar 4, Israel's
Agriculture Ministry set up an emergency hotline as swarms of the
destructive locusts descended on neighboring Egypt and asked
Israelis to be vigilant in reporting sightings to prevent an
2013 Mar 5, In Egypt a Cairo
court convicted a police sniper for attacks on anti-government
protesters and sentenced him to three years in prison. Police
officer Mahmoud el-Shenawi became known as the "eye sniper" after he
was shown in footage on social networking sites allegedly firing at
protesters in the Egyptian capital and aiming for their eyes.
2013 Mar 6, An Egyptian
administrative court ordered the suspension of parliamentary
elections scheduled to begin next month, throwing the country's
politics deeper into confusion. In Port Said military police
deployed around a government complex where demonstrators have been
camped out for weeks.
2013 Mar 6, An Egyptian court
convicted Ahmed Ezz, a Mubarak-era steel magnate, of profiteering
and squandering public funds. He was sentenced to 37 years in prison
and fined $296 million. Ezz was already serving a 17-year sentence
for graft and money laundering.
(SFC, 3/7/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 7, Egyptian policemen
protested for a 4th day in several cities across the country,
refusing orders to work and accusing officials of trying to
politicize the force.
(AP, 3/7/13)(SFC, 3/8/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 8, Egypt's police
forces withdrew from the streets of Port Said on the Suez Canal,
handing over security to the military after nearly a week of deadly
clashes that have killed 8 people, including 2 security officials.
2013 Mar 9, An Egyptian court
confirmed the death sentences against 21 people for taking part in a
Feb, 2012, deadly soccer riot but acquitted 7 police officials for
their alleged role in the violence. Suspected fans enraged by the
verdict torched the soccer federation headquarters and a police club
in Cairo in protest. In unrelated violence, at least 2 protesters
were killed in clashes between riot police and demonstrators
throwing stones on a Nile-side street in central Cairo.
2013 Mar 10, Egypt's top
prosecutor encouraged citizens to arrest anyone breaking the law or
committing a crime. This stoked fears of vigilante groups taking
over police duties at a time of growing tension and lawlessness.
2013 Mar 10, An Egyptian
Foreign Ministry official said a man suspected of trying to spread
Christianity in Libya has died in prison there. The diplomat said
Ezzat Atallah, who suffered from diabetes and heart ailments, likely
died of natural causes.
2013 Mar 13, In Egypt a leaked
report concluded that police were behind the killing of nearly 900
protesters in Tahrir Square during the 18-day uprising that began on
Jan 25, 2011.
(SFC, 3/14/13, p.A4)
2013 Mar 14, Egyptian
prosecutors charged 38 members of the Ultras, a die-hard soccer fan
club, with belonging to an illegal group and other offenses.
(SFC, 3/15/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 16, An Egyptian court
cleared two former ministers of charges that they sold state lands
for cut-rate prices in the country's prized Red Sea resort areas.
Zuhair Garana was sentenced to up to eight years in prison and Ahmed
Maghrabi received a five-year sentence for guilty verdicts in
previous corruption trials.
2013 Mar 16, Egyptian police
fired tear gas to disperse thousands of supporters and opponents of
President Morsi during clashes that erupted as he launched
development projects in Sohag province, where residents have long
complained of being neglected by the central government.
2013 Mar 17, In Egypt dozens of
journalists protested in Cairo against alleged assaults the previous
evening on their colleagues by members of Egypt's Muslim
Brotherhood from which President Mohammed Morsi hails.
2013 Mar 17, Egyptian
vigilantes beat two men accused of stealing a motorized rickshaw,
stripped them half-naked and hung them by their feet in a crowded
bus station in the Nile Delta. Both men died.
2013 Mar 19, Egyptian security
forces arrested Ahmed Ahmed Qaddaf al-Dam, a former Libyan
intelligence official and a cousin of former dictator Moammar
Gadhafi, following an hours-long siege of his home in Cairo.
2013 Mar 19, In southern Egypt
hundreds of Muslim villagers attacked Christian-owned stores in
search of a girl whose family claims was abducted in Bani Suef
province. The college-aged girl disappeared around one month ago.
2013 Mar 21, Villagers in
Egypt's Nile Delta killed a man suspected of trying to steal a car
in the country's latest incident of vigilante violence, dragging him
half-naked and bloody as they kicked and hit him with sticks and
fists before tying him to a tree to bleed to death.
2013 Mar 22, Thousands of
Egyptian protesters clashed with riot police and backers of the
president's Muslim Brotherhood, ransacking several offices
nationwide as anger over allegations of beatings and power-grabbing
boiled over into the largest and most violent demonstrations yet on
the doorstep of the powerful group.
2013 Mar 22, In Egypt a Bedouin
taxi driver said he was driving two tourists, an Israeli-Arab
tourist and a Norwegian female, to the popular Red Sea diving site
of Dahab when gunmen ambushed his vehicle and captured them. Ingvild
Selvik Ask (31) and Amir Hassan were released on March 26.
(AP, 3/22/13)(AP, 3/26/13)
2013 Mar 24, Egyptian Foreign
Minister Mohammed Amr Kamel said that the Syrian opposition can now
send an envoy to the two-day Arab League summit beginning March 26
2013 Mar 24, Dozens of people
from Syrian President Bashar Assad's own minority sect met in Cairo
to send an unusual message to their fellow Alawites back home: Join
the opposition before it is too late.
2013 Mar 25, Egypt’s top
prosecutor issued arrest warrants for 5 rights activists on
suspicion of inciting violence against members of the Muslim
(SFC, 3/26/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 26, Prominent Egyptian
blogger Alaa Abdel-Fattah handed himself in to authorities, a day
after the country's prosecutor general ordered his arrest over his
alleged role in instigating violence during clashes between
supporters and opponents of the Islamist president. blogger,
Abdel-Fattah was freed following his demand that an investigative
judge take over his case.
2013 Mar 26, Egyptian
authorities extradited two Libyan officials from the regime of
deposed dictator Moammar Gadhafi back to their home country. Former
ambassador to Cairo Ali Maria (71) and ex-official Mohammed Ibrahim
Gadhafi (44) were handcuffed after resisting the transfer.
2013 Mar 27, An Egyptian
appeals court annulled a November presidential decree dismissing the
country's top prosecutor and ordered him reinstated.
2013 Mar 27, Egypt's naval
forces captured three scuba divers who were trying to cut an
undersea Internet cable in the Mediterranean. Telecom executives
meanwhile blamed a weeklong Internet slowdown on damage caused to
another cable by a ship.
2013 Mar 29, In northern Egypt
clashes erupted in Alexandria and Zagazig, and protesters rallied in
Cairo in the latest demonstrations against Islamist President
Mohammed Morsi, who claims the recent wave of anti-government unrest
is the work of conspirators.
2013 Mar 30, Egyptian state
prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for Bassem Youssef, a
popular TV satirist for allegedly insulting Islam and the country's
2013 Mar 30, Egyptian police
detained 13 people including five lawyers, accusing them of
assaulting police in the city of Alexandria.
2013 Apr 1, In Egypt an
outbreak of food poisoning at al-Azhar University forced the
hospitalization of 479 students. It occurred after a meal served at
the university dormitories in Cairo's Nasr City district. The
outbreak led to student protests.
2013 Apr 1, Palestinian
militant group Hamas re-elected longtime leader Khaled Mashaal (56)
in a vote held in Cairo. He ran unopposed in the vote, winning the
support of a majority in Hamas' Shura Council which has about 60
2013 Apr 3, An Egyptian court
ruled against the extradition to Libya of Ahmed Qaddaf al-Dam, a
former close aide of Moammar Gadhafi. Al-Dam had coordinated
relations between Libya and Egypt for decades.
2013 Apr 4, Egypt's president
began a two-day visit to Sudan aimed at boosting cooperation after
deteriorating relations between the two nations under ousted leader
2013 Apr 6, In Egypt Clashes
between Egyptian Muslims and Christians erupted in Shubra el-Kheima,
a suburb north of Cairo, leaving at least five people dead.
Attackers doused Saber Helal (26), a Copticf Christian, with
gasoline and set him on fire. Helal died of hiw wounds on April 11.
Police said the clashes started when young Muslims drew inflammatory
symbols on an Islamic institute and a local mosque. Residents had
different accounts of what sparked the violence.
(AP, 4/6/13)(AP, 4/11/13)
2013 Apr 6, A Cairo court
dismissed a lawsuit filed by an Islamist lawyer demanding that
Bassem Youssef's "ElBernameg," or "The Program," TV show be
banned for allegedly insulting the president and containing
excessive sexual innuendo.
2013 Apr 7, In Egypt clashes
clashes broke out following the funeral of four Christians killed in
sectarian violence a day earlier. Two more people were killed and
another 89 injured outside Cairo's main Coptic cathedral.
2013 Apr 7, Egyptian train
drivers and conductors announced they were on strike to press
demands for better pay. A 10% raise was rejected by the train
drivers and conductors as too little.
2013 Apr 8, In Egypt Dutch
journalist Rena Netjes was arrested by Egyptian citizens while
reporting in Cairo, accused of being a spy and handed to authorities
who detained her overnight.
2013 Apr 11, Egypt's
Islamist-dominated legislature approved a revised version of the law
organizing the country's parliamentary elections, after a court
ruled an earlier version was invalid and delayed the vote.
2013 Apr 16, An Egyptian court
sentenced policeman Osama el-Kounayassi to 15 years imprisonment for
manslaughter for torturing an ultraconservative Salafi Muslim to
death. The Salafi was arrested along with other suspects in the
aftermath of the bombing on Jan 1, 2011, when at least 21
worshippers were killed while leaving a New Year's Eve mass in
2013 Apr 16, In Egypt gunmen
opened fire on a security convoy in central Sinai, killing a police
lieutenant and seriously injuring another policeman before fleeing.
2013 Apr 17, Militants in
Egypt's Sinai Peninsula fired at least two rockets at Israel's
southern resort town of Eilat. Nobody was hurt in the attack.
2013 Apr 19, In Egypt thousands
of supporters of Islamist Pres. Morsi took to the streets of Cairo,
calling on him to "cleanse the judiciary."
2013 Apr 21, Egypt's state news
agency says that a government legal agency representing President
Mohammed Morsi has lost an appeal to reverse a court-ordered
suspension of parliamentary elections. Justice Minister Ahmed Mekki
submitted his resignation, in a move that signaled strong
disapproval of the president's handling of a prolonged showdown with
the country's judiciary.
2013 Apr 21, In Egypt a
provincial prosecutor ordered a man flogged 80 times for public
drunkenness. Police officers in the southern province of Minya
refused to carry out the order. The country's top attorney soon
ordered Hussein Anani's decision cancelled and referred him to a
2013 Apr 23, In Egypt Fuad
Gadallah, the most senior legal advisor to Pres. Morse, resigned,
issuing a public letter that cited a lack of vision.
(Econ, 5/4/13, p.52)
2013 Apr 23, Egypt's state news
agency reported that former finance minister Yousef Boutros-Ghali, a
nephew of former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, was
found guilty in absentia of squandering around $3.6 million during
his final years in the post.
2013 Apr 24, Egypt's
Islamist-led parliament pushed ahead with a law that could force
into retirement many of the nation's most senior judges, despite an
uproar by the judiciary over fears the president's allies want to
control the courts.
2013 May 2, Prominent Egyptian
activist Ahmed Douma was arrested and immediately referred to trial
for allegedly insulting the country's president in a TV interview.
2013 May 9, Ratings agency
Standard & Poor's pushed Egypt's sovereign credit ratings deeper
into junk status to CCC+ and C, from B- and B, citing "continued
pressure" on foreign reserves.
2013 May 9, In Egypt American
national Christopher Stone was attacked and stabbed outside the US
Embassy in Cairo. Police arrested the attacker.
(AP, 5/9/13)(SFC, 5/10/13, p.A2)
2013 May 10, Egypt's Muslim
Brotherhood staged an anti-Israel rally in Cairo, the first such
protest by the main backers of President Morsi since they rose to
prominence in the wake of the country's 2011 uprising. Ahmed Maher,
founder of the April 6 Youth Movement, was arrested at Cairo airport
as he returned from a trip to the United States.
(AP, 5/10/13)(AP, 5/11/13)
2013 May 11, Egypt's interior
minister said that security authorities have arrested three
suspected al-Qaida-linked militants who were planning to carry out
suicide attacks on vital installations and an unspecified foreign
embassy. Egypt's top prosecutor ordered the release of Ahmed Maher,
founder of the April 6 Youth Movement that was at the forefront of
the 2011 revolt that ousted longtime President Hosni Mubarak.
2013 May 16, In Egypt masked
gunmen ambushed two taxis at gunpoint outside the city of el-Arish,
the capital of North Sinai governorate, fleeing with four border
policemen working at the Rafah crossing, a riot policeman, and a
military border guard. A 7th person was also taken captive. All 7
men were released on May 22.
(AP, 5/16/13)(AP, 5/17/13)(AP, 5/22/13)
2013 May 17, Egyptian security
forces fired tear gas at protesters hurling firebombs at them in
central Cairo, hours after hundreds of opponents of Egypt's
President Mohammed Morsi rallied peacefully in the streets
denouncing his rule and demanding early presidential elections.
2013 May 17, In Egypt dozens of
disgruntled border policemen forced the closure of the main crossing
point into the Gaza Strip to protest the abduction of their
colleagues by suspected militants.
2013 May 18, In Egypt baggage
handlers in Cairo went on strike after a baggage handler who works
for EgyptAir died when a conveyer belt used to unload luggage fell
on his head. The strike did not disrupt flights.
2013 May 21, Egypt's president
signed a new tax law that cut the amount paid by poorer Egyptians in
the latest move aimed at reforming the country's economy.
2013 May 24, An Egyptian
security official said 10 male relatives have killed a mother and
her two daughters on suspicion of moral offenses, so-called "honor
2013 May 31, In Egypt a bus
carrying Mexican tourists overturned in the Sinai Peninsula before
bursting into flames, killing at least six tourists.
2013 Jun 3, An Egyptian court
official said five foreigners have been sentenced to death after
being convinced of drug smuggling. They included a Briton, a
Pakistani, and 3 individuals from the Republic of Seychelles.
2013 Jun 4, An Egyptian court
convicted 43 nonprofit workers, including at least 16 Americans, of
illegally using foreign funds to foment unrest in the country,
sentencing them to up to five years in jail. Nonprofit pro-democracy
groups have trained thousands of young Egyptians in political
activism and organizing, an education that played a key part in the
success of the 2011 uprising that toppled Mubarak.
2013 Jun 5, Egypt's state-run
news agency said the state prosecutor has referred 12 activists
including several prominent bloggers to trial on charges of
instigating violence during a March demonstration at the
headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist group from
which the president hails. A signature drive, known as "Tamarod" or
"Rebel" in Arabic, has reportedly collected some 7 million
signatures calling for the removal of Egypt's Islamist President
2013 Jun 5, In Egypt striking
workers at the Cairo international airport's largest terminal
blocked airplanes on the tarmac and disrupting flights.
2013 Jun 9, In Egypt suspected
militants shot dead a counterterrorism police officer in the Sinai
Peninsula after they swerved in front of his car while he was
driving. Maj. Mohammed Abdelaziz (30) managed to kill one of his two
assailants in the gunfight in the town of el-Arish.
2013 Jun 10, Egyptian Prime
Minister Hesham Kandil said the country will work
diplomatically, legally and technically to negotiate with Ethiopia
over the so-called Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.
2013 Jun 13, Egyptian pilots
working for the national carrier staged a 10-hour sit-in protest,
delaying 22 flights in an effort to press their demands for
management changes and bonus payments.
2013 Jun 15, Egypt’s President
Mohammed Morsi told supporters at a Cairo rally that his country is
severing ties with Damascus and closing its embassy in the Syrian
capital. Morsi also called for a UN endorsed no-fly zone over Syria.
2013 Jun 16, In Egypt a
hard-line Muslim cleric received an 11-year suspended sentence for
tearing up and burning a Bible. His son was given a suspended
sentence of eight years over the same incident.
2013 Jun 18, In Egypt clashes
erupted in the Nile Delta city of Tanta between supporters and
opponents of Pres. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood over his
appointment of new Islamist governors, some in areas where opponents
2013 Jun 19, A state security
prosecutor in the United Arab Emirates said 30 Egyptian and UAE
suspects have been charged with plotting a coup linked to a network
of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, in a case likely to further strain
relations with Cairo.
2013 Jun 21, In Egypt tens of
thousands of supporters of Islamist Pres. Morsi gathered for a huge
rally that filled part of a main boulevard near Cairo's presidential
palace in a show of force against opponents demanding his ouster,
signs of increasing tension and polarization.
2013 Jun 23, An Egyptian court
said that Muslim Brotherhood members conspired with Hamas, Hezbollah
and local militants to storm a prison on Jan 29, 2011, and free 34
Brotherhood leaders, including the future President Mohammed Morsi.
Adel el-Khayat, a member of a radical Islamist group appointed by
Morsi as governor of the ancient city of Luxor, resigned in the face
of daily protests outside his office.
2013 Jun 23, In Egypt a Shiite
prayer leader (66) and 3 followers were bludgeoned to death by a
Sunni mob. The attack came after Salafi preachers in the village of
Zawiyet Abu Muslim gave a small local Shiite community an ultimatum
to leave the town by sundown.
(AP, 6/24/13)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.45)
2013 Jun 28, In Egypt
thousands of backers of Islamist President Morsi rallied in Cairo in
a show of support ahead of planned opposition protests this weekend
demanding his removal. In Alexandria two people were killed,
including American Andrew Pochter (21), a student from Chevy Chase,
Md., working in Egypt as an intern for a non-profit education
organization. A home-made hand grenade exploded during a protest
against Morsi in Port Said. One person was killed and some 15
(AP, 6/28/13)(Reuters, 6/29/13)(AP, 6/29/13)
2013 Jun 29, In Egypt Mahmoud
Badr, a leader of the Tamarod, or rebel, movement said that
22,134,460 Egyptians have signed the petition demanding President
Mohammed Morsi's ouster.
2013 Jun 29, A senior Egyptian
police officer was shot dead by unknown gunmen who ambushed his car
in the Sinai Peninsula town of El Arish.
2013 Jun 30, In Egypt tens of
thousands of opponents of Islamist Pres. Morsi massed in Cairo's
Tahrir Square and in cities around the country, launching an all-out
push to force him from office on the one-year anniversary of his
inauguration. At least 16 people were killed and more than 600
wounded in clashes between supporters and opponents of President
(AP, 6/30/13)(Reuters, 6/30/13)(AP, 7/2/13)
2013 Jul 1, Egypt’s military
gave Pres. Morsi a July 3 deadline to resolve the country’s
political crises. The military said it would "announce a road map
for the future and measures to implement it" if Morsi and its
opponents cannot reach a consensus within 48 hours. Protesters
stormed and ransacked the Cairo headquarters of President Mohammed
Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood group early today as demonstrators geared
up for a second day of mass rallies aimed at forcing the Islamist
leader from power.
2013 Jul 2, An Egyptian court
said Pres. Morsi must reinstate an attorney general fired last year
in another blow to his authority. 7 people were killed in clashes in
Cairo between supporters and opponents of Pres. Morsi.
2013 Jul 3, In Egypt at least
16 people were killed and 200 wounded when gunmen opened fire on
supporters of President Mohamed Mursi who were rallying outside
Cairo University. Egypt's military ousted its first freely elected
president after millions protested around the country and demanded
Morsi's resignation. Abdel Fattah El Sisi, the head of Egypt's armed
forces, announced on state television that Egypt's constitution was
suspended, a new civilian government would be installed, and early
elections would be held.
(Reuters, 7/3/13)(AP, 7/4/13)
2013 Jul 4, In Egypt Adli
Mansour, the chief justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court, was
sworn in as the nation's interim president, taking over hours after
the military ousted the Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. The
prosecutor's office ordered the arrest of the Muslim Brotherhood's
top leader, Mohamed Badie, and his deputy Khairat el-Shater on
accusations of inciting violence in which at least 8 people were
killed earlier this week.
(AP, 7/4/13)(Reuters, 7/4/13)
2013 Jul 5, Egyptian troops
opened fire on supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi
marching on Republican Guard facility. Islamist gunmen staged
multiple attacks on security forces in the troubled Sinai Peninsula.
5 police offers were killed in El Arish. Two soldiers were killed in
el-Gorah. At least 36 people were killed in clashes across the
country. Khairat el-Shater, the deputy head of the Muslim
Brotherhood was arrested along with his brother. In southern Egypt a
mob of Muslim extremists rampaged through the village of Nagaa
Hassan and killed Emile Naseem (41) with axes and clubs. His nephew
escaped. 3 other Christians were stabbed to death as the mob burned
dozens of Christian houses in the village.
(AP, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/5/13)(Reuters,
7/6/13)(AP, 7/6/13)(SFC, 7/11/13, p.A2)(Econ, 7/13/13, p.42)
2013 Jul 5, The African Union
suspended Egypt from membership in the continental body after the
military ouster of President Mohammed Morsi.
2013 Jul 6, In Egypt gunmen
shot dead a Coptic Christian priest in El Marish in the lawless
Northern Sinai in what could be the first sectarian attack since the
military overthrow of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi. Several
attacks on checkpoints took place in al-Mahajer and al-Safaa in
Rafah, as well as Sheikh Zuwaid and al-Kharouba.
2013 Jul 6, In Egypt an
explosion hit a gas pipeline in the lawless Sinai peninsula
following a spate of attacks on security checkpoints.
2013 Jul 8, Egyptian soldiers
and police clashed with Islamists protesting the military's ouster
of the president. The bloodshed left 53 pro-Morsi protesters dead as
well as 4 members of the security forces.
(AP, 7/8/13)(AP, 7/9/13)(AP, 7/12/13)
2013 Jul 9, Egypt's Muslim
Brotherhood rejected a new timetable announced by the
military-backed interim leadership that sets a fast track for
amending the Islamist-drafted constitution and holding new
parliamentary and presidential elections by early next year. Hazem
el-Beblawi was appointed by the interim president as the new prime
(AP, 7/9/13)(AP, 7/10/13)
2013 Jul 9, Saudi Arabia and
the United Arab Emirate promised $8 billion in grants, loans and
badly needed gas and oil to Egypt.
2013 Jul 10, Egyptian
authorities escalated their crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood by
ordering the arrest of Mohammed Badie, its spiritual leader, as well
as nine other leading Islamists. The group remained steadfast in its
defiance of the new military-backed administration and refused
offers to join an interim government. Militants attacked a security
checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least two people.
2013 Jul 10, Kuwait promised $4
billion in aid to Egypt.
2013 Jul 12, In Egypt Islamist
supporters of ousted Pres. Mohamed Mursi protested in Cairo after a
week of violence in which more than 90 people were killed in a
bitterly divided nation. Militants fired an RPG at an armored car at
the checkpoint, killing Lt. Col. Ahmed Mahmoud (40) in el-Arish.
2013 Jul 13, Egypt's Muslim
Brotherhood called for more mass demonstrations in support of ousted
President Mohamed Mursi after a huge pro-Mursi march broke up
peacefully before dawn, ending a week in which at least 90 people
2013 Jul 14, In Egypt Mohamed
ElBaradei (71), a leading reform advocate, took office as Egypt's
interim vice president, reinforcing the role in the new leadership
of liberals who are strongly opposed to the deposed president's
2013 Jul 15, In Egypt at least
3 people were killed and 17 wounded when suspected militants fired
rocket-propelled grenades at a bus carrying workers in the North
Sinai province early today. Clashes in central Cairo between police
and supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi left at least 7 people dead.
Authorities arrested 401 people over clashes.
(Reuters, 7/15/13)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.45)
2013 Jul 16, In Egypt interim
Pres. Adly Mansour swore in a Cabinet that included women and
Christians, but no Islamists.
(SFC, 7/17/13, p.A3)(AP, 7/16/13)(Reuters,
2013 Jul 17, Several hundred
supporters of Egypt's deposed Pres. Morsi massed outside the Cabinet
building in Cairo, expanding their protests denouncing the country's
new government and demanding the reinstatement of the Islamist
leader. Suspected militants killed 3 policemen and seriously wounded
two in an attack in the Sinai Peninsula.
(AP, 7/17/13)(AP, 7/18/13)
2013 Jul 19, In Egypt thousands
of supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi rallied in Cairo to
demand the restoration of the ousted Islamist leader, with his
opponents also planning protests nearby. A woman and a 13-year-old
boy were killed when supporters and opponents of the ousted
president clashed in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
2013 Jul 21, In Egypt a bus
carrying soldiers crashed into a truck on a highway betgween Cairo
and Alexandria early today, killing 15 soldiers and a driver.
2013 Jul 22, In Egypt 2
civilians, 2 army officers and 2 policemen were killed in at least
10 overnight attacks in the Sinai province's northern cities of
Rafah and El-Arish against police stations and security and army
2013 Jul 23, In Egypt 6 people
were killed in Cairo in clashes between opponents and Islamist
supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi.
2013 Jul 24, In Egypt a bomb
blast outside the security headquarters in the Nile Delta city of
Mansoura wounded 19 people. 11 people have been killed in clashes
between supporters and opponents of the ousted president since July
22. A pro-Morsi group claimed another 2 people were killed in a
march in Cairo by assailants who fired on them from rooftops.
2013 Jul 25, Two Egyptian
soldiers were killed and four were injured when gunmen opened fire
on a military checkpoint near the North Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweid.
2013 Jul 25, Human Rights Watch
(HRW) said Egypt has been detaining Syrian refugees without charge
and threatening to deport them in a climate of growing hostility
since the army seized power last month.
2013 Jul 26, Egyptian
prosecutors accused ousted President Mohammed Morsi of conspiring
with the Palestinian militant group Hamas and murder in his 2011
escape from prison that left 14 guards dead. Tens of thousands of
supporters and many less opponents of the Islamist leader massed for
rival rallies. In Alexandria 7 people were killed and over 100 were
injured in clashes between supporters and opponents of Morsi.
2013 Jul 27, In Egypt clashes
erupted in Cairo between security forces and supporters of ousted
President Mohammed Morsi. More than 80 people were killed in the
violence at a Cairo vigil by backers of deposed President Mohamed
Morsi. People living on Badr el-Din street in Cairo found two young
men dumped in a pile of rubbish by a park. Amr Mohammed Salim (22),
a street vendor, was dead, hands bound and body covered with gashes,
residents said. Hany Moussa (24), a kitchen helper, was still alive,
(AP, 7/27/13)(Reuters, 7/28/13)(AP, 8/6/13)(Econ,
2013 Jul 28, Egypt's interim
president gave the prime minister the power to grant the military
the right to arrest civilians after a weekend of violence between
supporters of the country's deposed leader and security forces.
2013 Jul 29, Egyptian police
detained two leaders of a Muslim Brotherhood-allied party in the
latest in a wave of arrests of prominent Islamists, while the EU's
top diplomat, Catherine Ashton, held talks with officials in Cairo
in an attempt to mediate an end to the country's crisis.
2013 Aug 1, Egypt's army-backed
government urged supporters of deposed president Mohamed Mursi to
abandon their Cairo protest camps, promising them a safe exit if
they gave up without a fight.
2013 Aug 3, Egypt's
army-installed government promised supporters of ousted President
Mohamed Mursi a safe exit from their protest camps and urged them to
rejoin the political process.
2013 Aug 4, Yemen's Nobel Peace
Prize winner Tawakkul Karman was denied entry into Egypt after she
landed at Cairo airport. She has stated her opposition to the
military coup that ousted fellow Islamist Mohammed Morsi on July 3
and was sent back on a flight that brought her to Cairo from the
United Arab Emirates.
2013 Aug 9, In Egypt 4 Islamist
militants were killed by a missile strike as they prepared to launch
rockets at Israel. The Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis group said that its
members were the target of the Israeli drone strike.
2013 Aug 10, Egyptian
helicopters fired on a meeting of suspected militants in the
country's Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 12 people.
2013 Aug 12, Egyptian
authorities postponed a move to disperse two Cairo sit-ins by
supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to "avoid bloodshed." Islamist
supporters stepped up rallies to demand his return to power.
2013 Aug 13, Egypt’s interim
president swore in 20 new provincial governors. This meant the
official removal of 10 Brotherhood governors appointed under Morsi.
(SFC, 8/14/13, p.A2)
2013 Aug 14, Egyptian police in
riot gear swept in with armored vehicles and bulldozers to clear two
sprawling encampments of supporters of the country's ousted Islamist
president in Cairo, showering protesters with tear gas as the sound
of gunfire rang out. Over 600 people were killed. Clashes also broke
out elsewhere in Cairo and other provinces across the country, with
police stations, government buildings and churches attacked or set
ablaze. Nobel Peace Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei resigned late
today as Egypt's interim vice president in protest — a blow to the
new leadership's credibility with the pro-reform movement. 43
policemen were reported killed, 18 of them in Nasr City.
(AP, 8/14/13)(AP, 8/15/13)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.19)
2013 Aug 15, In Egypt Morsi
supporters tried to storm the building housing the local government
in Giza, Cairo's twin city on the west bank of the Nile River.
Police repelled the attack, arresting several protesters. In a Cairo
mosque the charred and mutilated bodies of more than 200 Egyptians
awaited claim, apparently uncounted and unacknowledged by the state
after security forces crushed Islamist protest camps.
(AP, 8/15/13)(Reuters, 8/15/13)
2013 Aug 16, In Egypt tens of
thousands of Muslim Brotherhood supporters took to the streets in
defiance of a military-imposed state of emergency following
bloodshed earlier this week. Street fighting in Cairo and other
clashes across the country left 173 people dead.
(AP, 8/16/13)(AP, 8/17/13)
2013 Aug 17, In Egypt clashes
continued near a downtown Cairo mosque, where hundreds of Morsi's
supporters remained after barricading themselves inside overnight. A
security official said Mohammed al-Zawahri, leader of the
ultraconservative Jihadi Salafist group, was detained at a
checkpoint in Giza. He is the brother of al-Qaida chief Ayman
2013 Aug 18, Egyptian
authorities raided homes of Muslim Brotherhood members in an
apparent attempt to disrupt the group ahead of mass rallies by
supporters of country's ousted president. 36 people were killed when
Muslim Brotherhood detainees tried to escape from a prison truck
convoy in northern Cairo. The convoy trucks were carrying more than
600 detainees rounded up in earlier street violence between security
forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi.
2013 Aug 19, In Egypt at least
24 policemen were killed and three wounded in an ambush by Islamist
militants near the Sinai town of Rafah. In 2014 prominent Islamist
militant Adel Habara was convicted of killing 25 army conscripts. In
2016 Egypt's Court of Cassation rejected an appeal of Habara’s death
(Reuters, 8/19/13)(AP, 12/10/16)
2013 Aug 20, Egypt's
military-backed authorities arrested Mohammed Badie, the supreme
leader of the country's Muslim Brotherhood. Badie’s son Ammar, was
shot dead during violent clashes between security forces and Morsi
supporters in Cairo on Aug 16. Egyptian journalist Tamer
Abdel-Raouf, working for the state-run Al-Ahram newspaper, was
shot dead by soldiers at a military checkpoint.
2013 Aug 21, An Egyptian court
ordered the release of ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
2013 Aug 21, The EU decided to
suspend exports of weapons and goods that could be used for internal
repression but did not halt aid programs for fear of hurting
ordinary Egyptians already hit hard.
2013 Aug 22, Egypt's ousted
leader Hosni Mubarak was released from prison and transported to a
military hospital in a Cairo suburb where he will be held under
2013 Aug 24, Egyptian troops
killed four militants who attacked a military checkpoint in Sinai
near the border with Gaza.
2013 Aug 24, An Egyptian
official said the country's border crossing with Gaza, which was
closed after a deadly attack on policemen this week, has reopened,
but will be open only for four hours every day because security
concerns remain high in Sinai.
2013 Aug 28, Egyptian security
officials said police have detained more than 60 supporters and
members of the Muslim Brotherhood over the past 24 hours, including
relatives of top leaders.
2013 Aug 30, In Egypt
unidentified gunmen in two cars opened fire on a police station in
the upscale Cairo neighborhood of Heliopolis, killing an officer.
The drive-by attack happened ahead of planned nationwide protests by
the Muslim Brotherhood.
2013 Aug, in Egypt Ibrahim
Halawa, an Irish-Egyptian, was arrested along with his three
sisters, days after security forces violently broke up a sit-in by
supporters of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. The sisters were
released in November 2013 and have since left Egypt. On Sep 18,
2017, a criminal court acquitted Halawa.
2013 Sep 2, An Egyptian
judicial panel advised a court to dissolve the Muslim Brotherhood as
a legally registered non-governmental organization, posing a legal
challenge to the group as the army-backed government presses a
2013 Sep 3, Egypt’s interim
Pres. Adli Mansour, in his first televised interview, said “the era
of pharaonic rule is over" as he explained why he has lifted a legal
ban against insulting Egypt’s leader.
(Econ, 9/7/13, p.51)
2013 Sep 3, Egyptian helicopter
gunships fired rockets at militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula,
killing at least 8 and injuring 15 others in an ongoing campaign to
put down Islamic radicals who have escalated attacks in the largely
2013 Sep 3, An Egyptian
military official says a military tribunal has sentenced 11
supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to life
imprisonment and 45 others to five years in prison over charges of
assaulting army troops during riots on Aug 14 and 16 in Suez city.
2013 Sep 3, A Cairo court
ordered the closure of four television channels, including
Al-Jazeera Egypt and Ahrar 25, a network belonging to the Islamist
2013 Sep 4, An Egyptian
policeman was shot dead and another wounded at a checkpoint in the
southern town of Aswan. The attack was carried out by relatives of a
man killed earlier in an exchange of fire with police at the
2013 Sep 5, In Egypt the driver
of a car used in an attempt to blow up the interior minister died
during the attack. Police killed two attackers who were trying to
assassinate the interior minister. Al-Qaida-inspired militants on
Oct 26 posted a video saying Waleed Badr, ex-Egyptian army officer,
carried out the suicide bombing.
(AP, 9/5/13)(Reuters, 9/5/13)
2013 Sep 6, In Egypt thopusands
of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and the nation's ousted
president protested across the country against the military-backed
2013 Sep 7, Egyptian helicopter
gunships and tanks pounded suspected hideouts of Islamic militants
in the northern Sinai Peninsula in a major new offensive in the
2013 Sep 8, Former presidential
candidate and opposition leader Amr Mussa was elected head of
Egypt's 50-member panel that has been tasked with drawing up a new
2013 Sep 8, Egyptian Gen. Osama
Askar, commander of the 3rd Army, told reporters that the
shoulder-fired SAM-7 missiles were found in a mosque and in homes of
suspected militants in the southern part of Sheikh Zuweyid town,
near the border with the Gaza Strip and Israel.
2013 Sep 9, Egyptian army
troops, backed by helicopter gunships, attacked hideouts of Islamic
militants in Sinai, killing nine and arresting 10.
2013 Sep 10, Egyptian
authorities said they will bar 55,000 unlicensed clerics from
preaching in mosques in the latest move against sympathizers of
deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
2013 Sep 10, Egyptian security
officials said a series of attacks in the restive Sinai peninsula
over the past 24 hours, mostly against soldiers, killed at least
2013 Sep 11, In Egypt’s Sinai
area a pair of near-simultaneous suicide bombers rammed their
explosives-laden cars into military targets, killing 6 soldiers in
(AP, 9/11/13)(AFP, 9/12/13)
2013 Sep 11, The Hamas Islamist
group ruling Gaza sought to ease tensions with Cairo by ordering
Muslim preachers to mute their criticism of the Egyptian government
over what some of the clerics have called its war on Islam.
2013 Sep 12, Egypt’s Interim
president Adly Mansour extended by two months the state of emergency
in force since mid-August.
2013 Sep 12, An Egyptian court
acquitted all 14 defendants, including policemen, accused of killing
17 protesters during the bloodiest day of a revolt that toppled
autocrat Hosni Mubarak over two years ago.
2013 Sep 13, Egyptian soldiers
backed by attack helicopters swept through several villages in the
strategic Sinai peninsula, part of an offensive aimed at driving out
2013 Sep 16, Nine Egyptian
policemen were injured when a bomb detonated on a road in North
Sinai, scene of a surge in Islamist militancy, near the border with
the Gaza Strip.
2013 Sep 17, Egyptian police
arrested Gehad el-Haddad, the main English-language spokesman of the
Muslim Brotherhood, along with other senior members of the group on
charges of inciting violence. Gunmen killed a military officer and a
soldier in an attack on an army vehicle northeast of Cairo.
(Reuters, 9/17/13)(SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)
2013 Sep 18, Egypt partially
reopened its border crossing with the Gaza Strip, a week after it
was closed in response to a deadly attack on an Egyptian military
headquarters near the frontier.
2013 Sep 19, Egyptian security
forces backed by helicopters raided Kerdasa, a town on the outskirts
of Cairo known to be an Islamist stronghold, exchanging fire with
suspected militants who killed a senior police officer. 32 suspects
were arrested in house-to-house raids.
2013 Sep 25, Egypt’s Muslim
Brotherhood said authorities overnight shut down the headquarters of
the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice newspaper in Cairo, the
latest move aimed at crushing the Islamist movement.
2013 Sep 27, In Egypt
unidentified gunmen shot dead a policeman in the city of El-Arish in
North Sinai, near the border with the Palestinian Gaza Strip and
Israel. In Alexandria dozens of people were hurt when pro-Morsi
protesters clashed with residents.
2013 Sep 28, An Egyptian
soldier was shot dead in the Sinai Peninsula. Militants released a
video showing attacks against the army in the region where the state
is trying to stamp out al Qaeda-linked fighters.
2013 Sep 30, In Egypt gunmen
killed two policemen and a soldier in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
2013 Oct 2, Egypt's interim
government decided that insulting the flag and refusing to stand for
the national anthem is an offense punishable by law. A high school
student was killed when opponents and supporters of deposed Egyptian
president Mohamed Morsi clashed in the city of Suez.
(AP, 10/2/13)(Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013 Oct 4, In Egypt thousands
of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, defying a crackdown,
marched through a Cairo suburb. Hundreds of supporters of Egypt's
deposed President Mohamed Mursi clashed with their opponents as they
tried to enter Tahrir Square in central Cairo, and police fired tear
gas to disperse them. 4 people died in the clashes. Masked gunmen
fired on a military vehicle near Ismailiya, killing one soldier and
wounding an officer and another soldier.
(Reuters, 10/4/13)(AFP, 10/4/13)
2013 Oct 6, In Egypt dozens of
people were killed in clashes across the country between security
forces and supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. 48
people died in Cairo and 9 in other parts of the country.
(AFP, 10/6/13)(Reuters, 10/7/13)(AFP, 10/8/13)
2013 Oct 7, In Egypt suspected
militants killed 6 soldiers near the Suez Canal and fired
rocket-propelled grenades at a state satellite station in Cairo. A
car bombing hit the security headquarters in el-Tor near the tourist
resorts of southern Sinai, killing 3 policemen and wounding dozens.
(Reuters, 10/7/13)(AP, 10/7/13)
2013 Oct 9, The US said it is
poised stopped shipments of some large-scale military systems as
well as halting $260 million in cash aid to Egyptian military
leaders, who ousted Pres. Mohamed Morsi in July.
(AFP, 10/10/13)(SFC, 10/10/13, p.A2)
2013 Oct 10, In Egypt a suicide
bomber drove his explosives-laden car into a checkpoint outside
el-Arish in the Sinai Peninsula and detonated it, killing 3 soldiers
and a policeman.
2013 Oct 11, The Egyptian coast
guard rescued 72 Palestinians, 40 Syrians and 4 Egyptians when a
boat carrying illegal migrants and Syrian refugees sank off Egypt's
northern coast. 12 people died.
2013 Oct 13, An Egyptian army
MiG-21 aircraft crashed near the southern city of Luxor, leaving one
person dead and three others injured on the ground after the crew
2013 Oct 13, Egyptian security
officials said James Henry (66), a retired US citizen detained in
August for violating curfew in Sinai, was found dead in his jail
cell after he used his belt and shoe laces to hang himself.
2013 Oct 18, In Egypt suspected
militants killed a police officer in the Sinai Peninsula.
2013 Oct 19, In Egypt a car
bomb exploded near a military intelligence compound in the Suez
Canal city of Ismailia, wounding six soldiers.
2013 Oct 20, Egyptian security
forces fired bird shot and teargas to prevent supporters of deposed
Islamist President Mohamed Mursi from marching to the site of a
protest camp that was destroyed two months ago. An attack outside a
Coptic church in Cairo killed 4 people, including an 8-year-old
(Reuters, 10/20/13)(AP, 10/21/13)
2013 Oct 21, In Egypt thousands
of students from the al-Azhar University staged a third day of
protests, in one of the boldest challenges to the army since it
toppled Islamist President Mohamed Mursi in July.
2013 Oct 22, In Egypt militants
ambushed a military convoy in northern Sinai early, killing a
soldier and a civilian bystander.
2013 Oct 24, In Egypt suspected
Islamists militants killed a policeman in a drive-by shooting in the
Sinai Peninsula, where troops are battling to contain near daily
violence. Egypt’s Cabinet said its nighttime curfew will be
shortened to four hours, from 1 a.m. to 5 a.m., six days a week.
(AFP, 10/24/13)(AP, 10/24/13)
2013 Oct 25, In Egypt thousands
of supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood group
marched in Cairo to keep pressure on the military-backed leadership
as it tries to stabilize a country.
2013 Oct 28, In Egypt gunmen
killed 3 policemen at a security checkpoint north of Cairo.
2013 Oct 30, Egyptian police
fired teargas at protesting students at Cairo's al-Azhar university
hours after authorities announced the detention of Muslim
Brotherhood leader Essam El-Erian.
2013 Nov 1, In Egypt
controversial satirist Bassem Youssef's television channel suspended
his program, a week after he returned from a four-month break and
fired barbs at the country's military. Thousands supporting ousted
Pres. Morsi marched in street protests across the country, ramping
up pressure on the military-backed interim government ahead of his
coming trial next week.
(AFP, 11/1/13)(AP, 11/1/13)
2013 Nov 3, In Egypt gunmen
killed two policemen near Ismailia on the west bank of the Suez
2013 Nov 4, Egypt's deposed
Islamist president defiantly rejected a court's authority to try
him, saying he was the country's "legitimate" leader and those that
overthrew him should face charges instead.
2013 Nov 6, A court in Egypt
upheld an earlier ruling that banned the Muslim Brotherhood and
ordered its assets confiscated.
2013 Nov 8, In Egypt a child
and another person died in clashes between supporters and opponents
of Egypt's ousted president in Cairo.
2013 Nov 12, Egypt's
3-month-old state of emergency ended today after a court ruling.
Military and security officials held off from impleneting the ruling
amid worries of protests by supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi.
Egyptian police fired tear gas at student supporters of Morsi, who
were protesting at the university in the Nile Delta town of
(AP, 11/12/13)(Reuters, 11/12/13)(SFC, 11/13/13,
2013 Nov 13, Deposed Egyptian
President Mohamed Mursi said, in a leter read by his lawyer, that he
was kidnapped by the Republican Guard on July 2, the day before the
army announced his removal, and was later held at a naval base for
four months. Morsi accused the military chief who deposed him of
treason. A police armored personnel carrier ran over a pro-Mursi
student who was protesting outside a state-run university in the
southern city of Assiut. A court sentenced 12 supporters of deposed
Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to 17 years in prison for taking
part in a violent student-led protest.
(Reuters, 11/13/13)(AP, 11/13/13)(AFP, 11/14/13)
2013 Nov 14, Egypt's foreign
minister sought to downplay speculation of a major foreign policy
shift, saying during a rare top-level Russian visit that Cairo wants
to boost ties with Moscow and not replace the United States as its
key ally. The defence ministers of Russia and Egypt held discussions
on military collaboration between their countries.
(AP, 11/14/13)(AFP, 11/14/13)
2013 Nov 15, In Egypt several
thousand supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi rallied following
the recent end of a curfew. In Alexandria clashes betwwen residents
and supporters of Morsi left a boy (16) dead.
(SFC, 11/16/13, p.A2)
2013 Nov 16, In Egypt a Muslim
Brotherhood-led alliance said it is ready for a national dialogue to
end the political standoff in the country, in an announcement that
did not demand the return of the nation's toppled president to
2013 Nov 17, In Egypt gunmen
shot dead Mohamed Mabruk, an officer in charge of the Islamist
Muslim Brotherhood file at the interior ministry's national security
2013 Nov 18, Egypt's interim PM
Hazem el-Beblawi inaugurated the start of what is to be a memorial
to protesters killed in the country's revolutionary turmoil in the
center of famed Tahrir Square.
2013 Nov 18, In Egypt a train
slammed into at least three vehicles, including a truck, crossing
the tracks near the village of Dahshur. 26 people were killed and 28
2013 Nov 18, The head of
Russia's state-controlled industrial holding company said Moscow has
signed a deal to provide Egypt with air defense missile systems.
2013 Nov 19, Hundreds of
Egyptians gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square to commemorate the
deaths of protesters killed two years ago and call for the
army-backed government to adopt reforms.
2013 Nov 20, In Egypt a suicide
bomber rammed his explosive-laden car into one of two buses carrying
off-duty soldiers in northern Sinai, killing 11 and wounding 37. A
bomb attack on a checkpoint in Cairo wounded four policemen
including a major.
(AP, 11/20/13)(AFP, 11/20/13)
2013 Nov 21, An Egyptian police
officer was shot dead in a Nile Delta town while trying to arrest
suspects wanted in connection with the killing of a security
2013 Nov 22, In Egypt a young
boy and a man were killed as supporters and opponents of ousted
Islamist president Mohamed Morsi clashed.
2013 Nov 22, The UN refugee
agency confirmed that 52 refugees of Syrian and Palestinian origin
had refused to receive food delivered by a UNHCR-funded charity to
the police station where they are held in Egypt’s coastal city of
2013 Nov 23, Egypt said it was
expelling Turkey's ambassador and accused Ankara of backing
organizations bent on spreading instability - an apparent reference
to the Muslim Brotherhood of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed
2013 Nov 24, Egypt's interim
Pres. Adly Mansour signed a new bill into law restricting rallies
and other public gatherings, a move likely to raise fresh questions
about the army-backed government's democratic credentials.
2013 Nov 25, Egyptian security
forces fired tear-gas and dispersed university students who had
defied a law passed a day earlier that restricts demonstrations.
2013 Nov 26, Egyptian police
fired a water cannon to disperse dozens of protesters near the
Ministry of Interior after they defied a new law that restricts
demonstrations. Egyptian troops killed a leader of an al-Qaida
inspired group in the northern Sinai Peninsula. Mohammed Hussein
Muhareb and his son were killed after troops closed in on his
motorcade and a firefight ensued.
(Reuters, 11/26/13)(AP, 11/26/13)
2013 Nov 26, Egyptian security
sources said police in Cairo are investigating the disappearance of
an Egyptian-born German author and critic of Islam, months after a
cleric declared him an infidel and called for his death. Hamed
Abdel-Samad, author of "The Downfall of the Islamic World: A
Prognosis", went missing in recent days.
2013 Nov 27, Egypt's prosecutor
general ordered 24 detained activists to be held for four days for
protesting a newly passed law criminalizing demonstrations without
permits. Nearly two dozen Islamist women and girls, some as young as
15, were handed heavy prison sentences for protesting in a court
ruling that came a day after police beat and terrorized prominent
female activists in a crackdown on secular demonstrators under a
tough new anti-protest law. On Dec 7 a court reduced the sentences
of 14 young women to one year. The sentences of seven teenage girls
were reduced to three months. All 21 were freed under suspended
(AP, 11/27/13)(AFP, 12/7/13)
2013 Nov 29, In Egypt hundreds
of Islamist demonstrators took to the streets in cities across the
country, days after a disputed protest law was adopted and police
forcefully broke up unauthorized gatherings.
2013 Nov 30, In Egypt Ahmad
Maher, a symbol of the popular uprising that ousted autocrat Hosni
Mubarak in 2011, turned himself in to the authorities after an order
for his arrest was made for defying a tough new law restricting
demonstrations. Security forces fired volleys of tear gas to
disperse stone-throwing protesters in central Cairo.
2013 Dec 1, Egypt's
constitution-drafting panel approved a charter that preserves the
military's wide-ranging powers, including the ability to try
civilians, as police fired tear gas to disperse Islamists in Tahrir
2013 Dec 2, Egyptian police
fired tear gas as more than two thousand students backing ousted
Islamist president Mohamed Morsi entered Cairo's Tahrir Square to
demonstrate against July's military "coup."
2013 Dec 3, Prominent Egyptian
youth leader Ahmed Duma was arrested for participating in a protest,
the third pro-democracy activist to be detained within a week.
2013 Dec 3, Egyptian poet Ahmed
Fouad Negm (84), renowned for his revolutionary poetry and outspoken
criticism of Arab political leaders, died. He became recognized as a
voice of protest in 1967 when he wrote poems on the Arab-Israeli
war, which were highly acclaimed.
2013 Dec 6, Egyptian police
used tear gas to end clashes in Cairo between supporters and
opponents of ousted Pres. Mohamed Morsi.
2013 Dec 6, Egyptian cleric
Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, aka Abu Omar, kidnapped as part of the
CIA's extraordinary rendition program, was convicted in absentia by
an Italian court of decade-old terror charges and sentenced to six
years in prison.
2013 Dec 7, An Egyptian court
acquitted 155 people arrested during deadly clashes in the capital
between Islamist protesters and police in October.
2013 Dec 9, Water ministers
from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan held talks on an Ethiopian dam
project, after Egypt's objections delayed formation of a committee
to implement expert advice.
2013 Dec 9, An Egyptian court
sentenced three supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohamed
Morsi to life imprisonment, in the latest tough ruling against
opponents of the army-backed interim government.
2013 Dec 10, In Egypt police
fired tear gas to prevent students of the Islamic Al-Azhar
University from taking protests outside their campus, in the third
straight day of unrest there.
2013 Dec 11, The trial of
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood chief and his deputies on charges related
to protest deaths came to an abrupt end when the judges quit in
protest at chaos in the dock.
2013 Dec 13, Egyptian security
forces fired tear gas to disperse dozens of Islamist demonstrators
marching across the country to demand the release of detained
student protesters. Two young men were killed in the clashes.
(AP, 12/13/13)(AFP, 12/14/13)
2013 Dec 16, Egyptian security
forces fired tear gas at dozens of university students outside their
Cairo campus in an attempt to prevent their protest from reaching
the nearby defense ministry. Egypt's military killed Silmi Mohammed
Masbah, a jihadist suspected of involvement in an ambush that left
16 Egyptian soldiers killed near the border with Israel last year.
(AP, 12/16/13)(AFP, 12/17/13)
2013 Dec 17, Egypt's security
forces clashed with supporters of the former Islamist president at
several universities across the country, as an explosive device
detonated in a residential area of the capital but caused no
injuries or damage.
2013 Dec 18, Egyptian
prosecutors announced a new trial of ousted President Mohammed Morsi
and the top leaders of his Muslim Brotherhood, accusing them of
conspiring with Hamas, Hezbollah, Iran's Revolutionary Guard and
militant groups to carry out a wave of terrorism to destabilize the
2013 Dec 18, Egyptian police
raided the offices of an NGO affiliated with a leftist former
presidential candidate, arresting three employees and confiscating
computers. The Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights,
founded by former candidate Khaled Ali, has supported striking
factory workers and defended activists at trials.
2013 Dec 18, The Swiss
government said it has decided to keep 760 million Swiss francs
($858 million) in Egyptian and Tunisian assets frozen for three more
2013 Dec 19, An Egyptian court
acquitted former leader Hosni Mubarak's two sons and his last prime
minister, Ahmed Shafik, of corruption charges.
2013 Dec 20, In Egypt militants
killed a soldier in a gunfight in the Sinai peninsula, as police in
Cairo clashed with protesters demanding the reinstatement of deposed
Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
2013 Dec 21, Egypt's deposed
Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, and 129 others including members
of Hamas and Hezbollah, were referred to trial on murder and other
charges related to a mass jail break during the 2011 uprising
against Hosni Mubarak.
2013 Dec 22, In Egypt 3 leading
figures of the 2011 uprising were jailed for three years each for
their role in recent protests, as the army-backed authorities
intensified a crackdown on dissent.
2013 Dec 23, In Egypt more than
450 imprisoned Muslim Brotherhood members launched a hunger strike
to protest their "inhuman treatment" after being jailed following
the military's overthrow of Pres. Morsi.
2013 Dec 24, In Egypt multiple
explosions at the security headquarters in Mansoura killed 16 and
injured more than 100.
(AP, 12/24/13)(AP, 12/25/13)
2013 Dec 24, Egyptian state
television reported the arrest of Hesham Kandil, the country's
former prime minister, to serve a one-year prison sentence. He had
served under the nation's toppled Islamist president.
2013 Dec 24, Egypt's football
league resumed following repeated suspensions for almost two years
after a deadly stadium riot and political unrest in the country.
2013 Dec 25, Egypt’s PM Hazem
el-Beblawi designated the Muslim Brotherhood a "terrorist"
organization after multiple explosions at the security headquarters
in Mansoura killed 16 and injured more than 100. The
al-Qaida-inspired group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, or the Champions of
Jerusalem, said it had carried out the attack.
(AP, 12/25/13)(Reuters, 12/26/13)
2013 Dec 26, Egypt escalated
its crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, detaining at least 38 of
the group's supporters on charges of belonging to a terrorist
organization the day after it was declared one by the government. A
bomb exploded in a busy intersection near schools in Cairo, hitting
a bus and wounding five people.
(Reuters, 12/26/13)(AP, 12/26/13)
2013 Dec 27, In Egypt Muslim
Brotherhood supporters and police clashed across the country,
leaving at least 5 dead in protests after the army-backed government
declared the group a terrorist organization.
2013 Dec 28, In Egypt riot
police moved into eastern Cairo's Al-Azhar campus, claiming that
striking students were disrupting end-of-term exams. They fired tear
gas and battled demonstrators in a melee that left one protester
dead and an administration building torched.
2013 Dec 29, In Egypt a bomb
exploded outside a military intelligence building northeast of
Cairo, wounding four people and damaging the structure as protests
and security scares roil the country just weeks before a key vote.
2013 Dec 29, Egyptian
authorities arrested four Al Jazeera journalists after the Interior
Ministry accused the Qatar-based channel of broadcasting illegally
from a hotel suite with a member of the Muslim Brotherhood.
2013 Dec 30, An Egyptian court
sentenced 139 Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to two years
in jail over violence that erupted in July. Egyptian security
arrested Anas Beltagi, the son of a Muslim Brotherhood leader, along
with two other on charges of inciting violence.
(AFP, 12/30/13)(Reuters, 12/31/13)
2013 Dec 31, In Egypt unknown
assailants attacked a natural gas pipeline in the Sinai.
2013 Khaled Mohieddin, Egyptian
leftist opposition leader, was awarded the Nile medal, Egypt's
2014 Jan 1, Egypt’s Ministry of
Antiquities said 96 artifacts, mostly small figurines and beads,
have disappeared from the Aswan Museum's storehouse. Authorities
said evidence pointed to an insider theft.
2014 Jan 1, In Egypt 2 people
were killed in violent clashes that erupted late today between
pro-Islamist protesters and police in Alexandria.
2014 Jan 2, Egyptian
authorities produced what they said was a confession by the son of a
senior member of the Muslim Brotherhood. An Alexandria court
sentenced seven activists to two years in prison on several charges
including protesting without a permit and clashing with police last
2014 Jan 3, Egyptian riot
police clashed with supporters of former Islamist Pres. Morsi across
the country, leaving 17 dead and 62 injured as the Muslim
Brotherhood renewed calls to protest ahead of a key referendum later
(AP, 1/3/14)(AP, 1/4/14)
2014 Jan 3, An Egyptian
security official said police have found a murdered Swiss couple
buried in the garden of their house in the Red Sea resort town of
Hurgada. They were reportedly killed by the house's guard and two of
his friends who wanted to rob the couple.
2014 Jan 4, An Egyptian soldier
was killed and at least two were wounded when a roadside bomb
targeted their armored vehicle in the restive Sinai peninsula.
2014 Jan 4, The Tunisian coast
guard fired on three Egyptian fishing boats intercepted in its
territorial waters. One boat captain was killed.
(SFC, 1/6/14, p.A2)
2014 Jan 5, An Egyptian court
gave suspended one-year sentences to 12 activists including youth
leaders of the 2011 uprising for an attack on a former presidential
2014 Jan 9, Egyptian courts
convicted 113 Muslim Brotherhood supporters on charges including
attacking police, rioting and weapons possession in three separate
cases brought after protests against the army-backed government.
2014 Jan 10, In Egypt hundreds
of Islamists rallied in Cairo and across the country, calling for a
boycott of an upcoming constitutional referendum as clashes with
security forces killed 3 people.
2014 Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds
of students supporting ousted Pres. Morsi battled security forces at
three Cairo universities, two days before a referendum that
officials say will be protected by a massive deployment of soldiers
2014 Jan 14, Egyptians voted on
a new constitution in a referendum that will pave the way for a
likely presidential run by the nation's top general months after he
ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. 11 people were killed on
the 1st day of the vote.
(AP, 1/14/14)(AFP, 1/14/14)(AP, 1/15/14)
2014 Jan 15, Egyptians lined up
to vote on the second and final day of a key referendum on the
country's new constitution.
2014 Jan 16, Egypt's state
media said the new constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a
referendum. A senior official said an overwhelming majority of
Egyptians who voted on the country's new constitution have backed
the draft charter. An international monitoring group criticized the
clampdown ahead of the vote and said authorities had imposed "severe
limits" on freedom of expression.
(Reuters, 1/16/14)(AP, 1/16/14)
2014 Jan 17, In Egypt at least
4 people was killed in clashes between police and Islamists, as the
country awaited results of a constitutional referendum billed as an
endorsement of president Mohamed Morsi's overthrow.
(AFP, 1/17/14)(AP, 1/18/14)
2014 Jan 18, Egypt’s elections
chief said voters have approved a new constitution by 98.1 percent.
2014 Jan 19, Deposed Egyptian
president Mohamed Mursi (Morsi) was ordered to stand trial for
insulting the judiciary, alongside 24 others including liberal
activists who opposed his Islamist rule but have also been critical
of the new army-backed order.
2014 Jan 23, In Egypt clashes
between rival students at a university in Alexandria killed at least
one student. Masked gunmen riding on motorcycles opened fire at a
police checkpoint in central Egypt, killing five policemen and
(AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/23/14)
2014 Jan 24, In Egypt a bomb
planted on a road hit a convoy of security forces on a busy street
in Cairo, killing one person in the fourth bombing in one day. A
suicide car bomber blew himself up in the parking lot of a top
security compound in central Cairo, killing at least four people.
(AP, 1/24/14)(Reuters, 1/24/14)
2014 Jan 25, In Egypt at least
49 people were killed during anti-government marches as thousands
rallied in support of the army-led authorities on the third
anniversary of the country's 2011. A helicopter crash in the Sinai
Peninsula killed 5 Egyptian soldiers.
(Reuters, 1/25/14)(AFP, 1/25/14)(AP, 1/26/14)
2014 Jan 25, In Egypt Mahmoud
Mohammed Ahmed (18), a high school student, was arrested at a
checkpoint north of Cairo for wearing a T-shirt with a slogan
against torture. He was released on March 25, 2016.
2014 Jan 25, In Libya
kidnappers seized Egypt's cultural attache and three other embassy
staff in Tripoli, a day after another of its diplomats was abducted.
2014 Jan 26, In Egypt gunmen
killed 3 soldiers in an attack on a bus in the Sinai Peninsula.
2014 Jan 27, In Egypt the
Supreme Council of the Armed Forces "unanimously delegated" army
chief Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (el Sissi) to run in presidential
elections during an hours-long meeting. The announcement was made
shortly after interim Pres. Adely Mansour promoted him to field
2014 Jan 27, In a coordinated
swap, Egypt released a Libyan militia commander detained over
suspected links to the Muslim Brotherhood while six abducted
Egyptians, including two diplomats, were released in Libya.
2014 Jan 28, In Egypt gunmen on
a motorbike killed General Mohamed Saeed, head of the technical
office of the minister of interior, outside his home in Cairo.
2014 Jan 29, Egypt's chief
prosecutor referred 20 journalists from the Al-Jazeera TV network,
including four foreigners, to trial on charges of allegedly joining
or assisting a terrorist group and spreading false news that
endangers national security.
2014 Jan 30, Egyptian security
forces arrested 11 Muslim Brotherhood members accused of running
Facebook pages inciting violence against the police. An government
air raid in the Sinai Peninsula hit militants linked to the Muslim
Brotherhood of ousted president Mohamed Morsi. 7 militants were
(AP, 1/30/14)(AFP, 1/31/14)
2014 Jan 31, Egyptian military
aircraft struck suspected positions of al-Qaida-inspired fighters
overnight in villages of the Sinai Peninsula, killing 13 people.
2014 Feb 3, Egyptian troops
backed by helicopters raided suspected militants' hideouts in the
northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 20 and
2014 Feb 4, Egypt's Health
Ministry said swine flu has killed 24 people across the country over
the past two months.
2014 Feb 7, In Egypt six
policemen were wounded in double bombing attack in Cairo, hours
before clashes between police and Islamist protesters in several
cities killed 3 people. Ajnad Misr, Arabic for Egypt's Soldiers,
claimed responsibility for the bomb attack. Late day airstrikes
targeted hideouts of "terrorist, extremely dangerous takfiri"
militants in the eastern border town of Sheikh Zuweyid. 16 militants
were reported killed.
(AFP, 2/7/14)(AP, 2/8/14)
2014 Feb 9, Egypt's interior
ministry said it has broken up a "military wing" of the Muslim
Brotherhood, allegedly formed to attack policemen, in the most
detailed accusation yet implicating the group in militant attacks.
2014 Feb 9, Egypt's Health
Ministry said the number of people killed by swine flu in the
country since December has reached 38.
2014 Feb 14, In Egypt police
and residents clashed with supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi leaving
a man shot dead in Damietta and a child killed in Minya.
(SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)
2014 Feb 16, In Egypt a suicide
bomber on a tourist bus in the Sinai peninsula killed the Egyptian
driver and 3 South Koreans. At least a dozen other tourists on the
bus were wounded.
(AP, 2/16/14)(AP, 2/17/14)
2014 Feb 18, Egyptian
authorities charged two Israelis and two Egyptians with forming an
espionage ring for Israel, the second such trial to be called for in
2014 Feb 19, Egypt’s interim
Pres. Adly Mansour ordered a pay raise for police after some of them
joined factory workers, doctors and pharmacists increasingly on
strike over the last month.
(SFC, 2/20/14, p.A2)
2014 Feb 20, In Egypt two
Al-Jazeera journalists who went on trial with other colleagues
shouted from the defendants' cage that they faced "psychologically
unbearable" conditions in prison.
2014 Feb 22, An Egyptian court
acquitted six police officers on charges of killing 83 protesters
during the country's 2011 revolution, the latest in a string of
trials that rights group say failed to hold the country's security
forces accountable for demonstrators' deaths.
2014 Feb 24, The
military-installed government of Egyptian PM Hazem al-Beblawi said
it has resigned, ahead of a presidential poll which will likely
bring army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to power. Beblawi said his
government would remain in a caretaker role until the interim
president signs off on the resignations.
2014 Feb 25, Egypt's interim
Pres. Adly Mansour named construction magnate Ibrahim Mehlib
to replace Hazem el-Beblaw. Mehlib had led Arab Contractors, Egypt's
biggest construction company.
2014 Feb 26, An Egyptian court
convicted 26 people of forming a terrorist group to launch an attack
on the country's vital Suez Canal waterway, with almost all
receiving death sentences in absentia.
2014 Feb 28, In Egypt gunmen
killed a policeman who was on a security team guarding the home of a
judge in the jailbreak trial of ousted president Mohamed Morsi.
Sergeant Abdallah Metwally was shot dead as he rode his motorbike
across a bridge over the Nile in the city of Mansoura.
2014 Mar 1, In Egypt the
youngest son of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi was
detained by police on suspicion of drug possession.
2014 Mar 4, An Egyptian court
ruled to ban activities of the Palestinian militant group Hamas in a
move likely to fuel tension between Cairo's military-backed
government and the Islamic group that rules the neighboring Gaza
2014 Mar 9, Egypt's powerful
military chief launched a housing initiative to build a million
homes in cooperation with a major Emirati construction firm, the
first campaign-style move by Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi,
who is widely expected to run for president.
2014 Mar 11, Egyptian
authorities decided to take control of independent mosques in a move
aimed at curbing Islamist dissent. In January, the Religious
Endowments Ministry decided to set a theme topic sent to preachers
around the country for Friday sermons. In late 2013 the ministry
dismissed 55,000 imams (prayer leaders) who did not graduate from
Cairo's Al-Azhar University, the most prestigious institution in
2014 Mar 11, In Egypt Freij
(aka Abu Abdullah), one of the founders of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis
(Champions of Jerusalem), was killed when a bomb he was carrying was
set off by a car accident.
2014 Mar 12, Egypt's military
said it has destroyed 1,370 smuggling tunnels under its border with
the Gaza Strip, as Cairo's ties remain sour with the Hamas movement
that rules the Palestinian enclave.
2014 Mar 13, Egypt brokered a
ceasefire aimed at ending a flare-up of rocket attacks from Gaza on
Israeli towns and Israeli air strikes in the Palestinian enclave.
2014 Mar 13, In Egypt an attack
on an army bus killed one officer and wounded three others in Cairo.
The army blamed the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, who in turn
strongly condemned the attack.
2014 Mar 15, In Egypt gunmen
shot dead six army officers near Cairo, the 2nd attack on Egyptian
security forces in three days that the military has blamed on the
Muslim Brotherhood of deposed Pres. Mohamed Mursi.
2014 Mar 17, It was reported
that Egypt’s crackdown on Islamists has jailed some 16,000 people
over the last eight months.
(SFC, 3/17/14, p.A4)
2014 Mar 17, Ten Egyptians,
including a journalist working for a Muslim Brotherhood newspaper,
were each sentenced to a year in jail for protesting against a
2014 Mar 18, A Cairo court
sentenced a police officer to 10 years in prison with labor in
connection with the deaths of 37 Islamists last August. A legal
source said the men had died from asphyxiation in the back of a
crammed police van while they were being moved to a jail on the
outskirts of Cairo.
2014 Mar 18, In Egypt the
al-Qaida-inspired Ansar al-Shariah Brigades claimed it was behind
the slayings of 26 Egyptian troops in what it describes as "the
first phase of a campaign to punish traitors."
2014 Mar 19, A raid by Egyptian
police, military and special forces on a suspected bomb factory
outside of Cairo turned into an hours-long gun battle with
insurgents who detonated car bombs in clashes that killed two
high-ranking officers and at least 6 militants. A boy (13) was shot
dead in clashes in the south of the country between police and
protesters supporting deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
(AP, 3/19/14)(Reuters, 3/19/14)(SFC, 3/20/14,
2014 Mar 20, In Egypt a Cairo
court sentenced 17 al-Azhar students to 14 years in jail for
rioting, damaging public properties and attacking security
2014 Mar 21, Egypt's state news
said Cairo University has expelled two dozen students for allegedly
taking part in violent protests on campus earlier this week.
2014 Mar 24, Egyptian judge
Said Yusuf sentenced 529 members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood
to death for murder and other offences.
(Reuters, 3/24/14)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.45)
2014 Mar 25, Egypt's leader of
the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie (70), and 682 others
went on trial on charges including murder. Defence lawyers boycotted
the court session, attended by 60 of the defendants, after
complaining of irregularities. Reporters were barred from the
2014 Mar 25, The United Nations
human rights office said an Egyptian court's decision to sentence
529 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death contravened
2014 Mar 26, In Egypt one
person was killed near Cairo University when protesters supporting
ousted President Mohamed Mursi clashed with security forces.
2014 Mar 27, Egypt’s Field
Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ditched his military fatigues and
resigned as Egypt's defense minister, a day after announcing he
would run for president.
2014 Mar 28, In Egypt
Journalist Mayada Ashraf, from the privately owned Al-Dustour
newspaper, was shot in the head as she covered clashes between
police and supporters of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in
the northern neighborhood of Ein Shams. 4 other people were killed
including a Christian woman named Mary Sameh (26). Prosecutors the
next day blamed five masked gunmen from the Muslim Brotherhood. A
protester who attended the Ein Shams rally said it was the police
who opened fire on the crowd as the demonstrators were about to
2014 Mar 29, An Egyptian court
sentenced two supporters of former president Mohamed Mursi to death
for murder during violence that broke out in Alexandria last year.
2014 Mar 29, Egypt reopened the
Gaza Strip's land border after a 50-day closure, but only for three
days and then just for special cases.
2014 Mar 30, An Egyptian
soldier was killed when militants attacked the bus he was driving in
the town of Al-Arish in the Sinai Peninsula.
2014 Mar 31, An Egyptian court
in Alexandria sentenced 33 supporters of ousted Islamist President
Mohammed Morsi to six years in prison each over clashes with
opponents last December. Each defendant was also fined 50,000
Egyptian pounds (about $7,100).
2014 Apr 1, In Egypt violent
clashes erupted in Cairo and three other cities between police and
university students loyal to the ousted Islamist president.
2014 Apr 1, Wissam Tarif, a
Lebanese national who works for Avaaz, an online activism network,
arrived in Egypt in the morning and was deported in the evening. He
had come to present officials with a petition bearing over a million
signatures asking for the lifting of death sentences against 529
supporters of ousted Islamist Pres. Morsi.
2014 Apr 2, In Egypt a series
of explosions outside Cairo University killed two people, including
a police brigadier-general.
2014 Apr 5, In Egypt at least
23 people were killed in overnight clashes between rival families in
the southern city of Aswan.
2014 Apr 6, In southern Egypt
clashes between an Arab clan and a Nubian family resumed in Aswan,
killing 2 people and wounding four. The bloody feud began after a
fight last week between school students drew in adults.
2014 Apr 7, An Egyptian court
sentenced four men to up to eight years in prison for practicing
2014 Apr 7, Kuwait agreed to
supply Egypt with 85,000 barrels of oil daily and 1.5 million tons
of fuel for three years as part of a newly agreed commercial deal.
The supplies would be valued at market prices and delivered by the
end of 2016.
2014 Apr 9, Egypt state news
said security forces have arrested a man who worked for Qatar's Al
Jazeera television network and accused him of inciting and taking
part in violence. Abdel Rahman Shaheen was described as a Muslim
2014 Apr 11, Egyptian soldiers
ambushed and killed Nour Hamdeen, a leader of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis,
an al-Qaida inspired group, as part of the government's ongoing
campaign against terror groups in the Sinai Peninsula. Separately
police were reported to have killed 2 gunmen who tried to set fire
to a Nile Delta police station.
(AP, 4/11/14)(SFC, 4/12/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 13, Egypt’s state news
agency reported the arrest of Wael Ahmed Abdel Fattah, a veteran of
the Syrian civil war, on suspicion of planning terrorist acts inside
2014 Apr 15, An Egyptian court
banned members of the Muslim Brotherhood, a movement listed as a
"terrorist group", from running in upcoming elections.
2014 Apr 16, An Egyptian court
sentenced 119 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood of former
president Mohamed Mursi to three years each in prison in connection
with protests last October 6 against his overthrow. Hazem Salah
Abu-Ismail, an ultraconservative Islamist and ally of ousted
President Morsi, was convicted of forging official documents to
conceal that his mother was a US citizen, receiving a seven-year
(Reuters, 4/16/14)(AP, 4/16/14)
2014 Apr 18, An Egyptian police
officer was killed when a bomb targeting a traffic police kiosk in
2014 Apr 20, An Egyptian court
sentenced people to more than three years in prison for violent
protests in February in support of deposed Islamist president
Mohamed Morsi. Gunmen killed a police captain and a conscript in a
firefight on a desert road outside Cairo.
(AFP, 4/20/14)(AP, 4/20/14)
2014 Apr 23, An Egyptian
policeman and a militant were killed when security forces raided a
hideout used by radical Islamists near Alexandria. Brig. Gen. Ahmed
Zaki was killed near Cairo when a bomb blew up his car. Ajnad Misr
(Egypt’s Soldiers), an Islamist militant group, soon claimed
responsibility for the attack on Zaki
(Reuters, 4/23/14)(SFC, 4/25/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 26, In Egypt hundreds
of activists demonstrated in Cairo against an anti-protest law, one
month before a presidential election which former army chief Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi is widely expected to win.
2014 Apr 26, In Egypt a
27-year-old civil engineer was diagnosed with MERS after returning
from Saudi Arabia.
2014 Apr 27, An Egyptian court
sentenced 42 supporters of deposed president Mohamed Morsi to prison
terms ranging from three to 15 years on violence-related charges.
2014 Apr 28, In Egypt judge
Said Yusuf (Youssef) sentenced to death 683 alleged supporters of
the country's ousted Islamist president, including the Muslim
Brotherhood's spiritual leader. The same judge also upheld the death
penalty for 37 of 529 defendants sentenced in a similar case in
March, though he commuted the rest of the sentences to life
imprisonment. In October Youseff was removed from his criminal court
to the civilian judiciary.
(AP, 4/28/14)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.45)(SFC, 10/2/14,
2014 Apr 28, An Egyptian court
banned “April 6," a pro-democracy movement that helped ignite the
uprising that toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011, tightening a
crackdown on dissent a month ahead of a presidential election the
former army chief is expected to win.
2014 Apr 29, An Egyptian court
sentenced 29 people, described as Islamist supporters of ousted
Pres. Morsi, to five years imprisonment on charges that included
(SFC, 4/30/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 29, In Egypt Bassem
Sabry (31), one of the country’s most respected bloggers who
campaigned for civil rights and against repression, died. Security
officials said Sabry accidently fell from a balcony under unclear
2014 Apr, Egypt said it has
dismissed 12,000 Muslim imams and licensed 17,000 more to make up
the shortfall. All were required to give the same sermons on
(Econ, 8/2/14, p.38)
2014 May 2, In Egypt two
suicide bombings in South Sinai killed a soldier and wounded at
least seven people. Two Cairo bombings killed at least 5 people. In
Alexandria two people were shot dead when supporters of deposed
President Mohamed Mursi clashed with residents.
(Reuters, 5/2/14)(SFC, 5/3/14, p.A2)
2014 May 3, An Egyptian court
sentenced 102 Islamists to 10 years in prison for rioting as
campaigning began for the country's upcoming May presidential
2014 May 6, An Egyptian court
banned leaders of the country's former ruling party under ousted
President Hosni Mubarak from running in any elections, a vague
ruling that could bar former officials of that regime from returning
to politics for the time being.
2014 May 10, Egypt’s chief
prosecutor charged 200 suspected militants, all members of
al-Qaida-inspired Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, with carrying out the Dec
25, 2013, terrorist attacks that killed 15 civilians and of
conspiring with Hamas.
(SSFC, 5/11/14, p.A6)
2014 May 11, An Egyptian court
sentenced 36 students of the prestigious Al-Azhar university to four
years in prison each over violent protests backing ousted Pres.
Morsi. Suspected militants attacked an army convoy in the Sinai
Peninsula, killing one soldier and wounding another.
(AFP, 5/11/14)(AP, 5/11/14)
2014 May 14, Egypt’s army said
fifteen tons of a material used to make explosives have been seized
in a town straddling the Suez Canal, one of the biggest such hauls
since the start of a campaign against Islamist militants in the
2014 May 18, Egyptian courts in
Cairo and Kafr el-Sheikh convicted 170 suspected supporters of
toppled President Mohammed Morsi on charges over violent attacks
2014 May 19, In Egypt gunmen in
a drive-by shooting killed 3 policemen and wounded nine during late
night rally by Islamist students in Cairo.
2014 May 21, In Egypt a
criminal court convicted former Pres. Hosni Mubarak of diverting
millions of dollars in public money for his personal use.
(SFC, 5/22/14, p.A2)
2014 May 21, An Egyptian court
sentenced 155 Muslim Brotherhood supporters to jail terms and gave
54 of them life sentences in a case related to violence in the Nile
Delta province of Mansour last August.
2014 May 22, In Egypt about 150
activists held a protest in Alexandria to demand the release of
rights lawyer Mahienoun el-Masry. Police beat protesters with batons
and rifle butts and arrested 15 people to disperse a rally against a
two-year prison sentence for el-Masry. The army carried out an
operation that resulted in the killing of six "extremely dangerous
(AP, 5/22/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)
2014 May 23, Egyptian security
sources said Shadi al-Menei, an Islamist militant leader in the
Sinai Peninsula, has been shot dead along with 5 others by unknown
assailants. State news said a security officer was shot dead by
unidentified gunmen at a security checkpoint in the North Sinai town
of Rafah. In Fayoum, southwest of Cairo, one man was killed and
three others wounded at clashes between security forces and
supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood.
2014 May 24, An Egyptian court
convicted 20 students from an Islamist university in Cairo on
charges of rioting during a protest last year in support of ousted
Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, sentencing most of them to five
years in prison.
2014 May 26, Egyptians voted in
an election expected to install former army chief Abdel Fatah
al-Sisi as president, with supporters brushing aside concerns about
political freedom and hailing him as the strong leader the country
needs. Turnout on the first day was only 15%.
(AP, 5/26/14)(AP, 5/29/14)
2014 May 27, Egypt’s government
and media harangued voters to go to the polls in the second day of
the presidential election.
2014 May 28, Egyptian
authorities extended balloting for a third day as they scrambled to
rescue the country's presidential election from the embarrassment of
low voter turnout.
2014 May 29, In Egypt with
nearly all votes counted, retired field marshal Abdel-Fattah
el-Sissi won a crushing victory over his sole opponent in the
country's presidential election with more than 92 percent of the
votes. The interim president said turnout reached 46 percent.
2014 May 30, Egypt's state
media reported that interim president Adly Mansour has revoked
amnesties for 52 people pardoned in 2012-13 by ousted president
Mohamed Mursi, including Islamists affiliated with the banned Muslim
2014 May 31, Egypt's outgoing
interim President Adly Mansour issued a decree making dishonoring
the Egyptian flag or not standing for the national anthem a criminal
offense, punishable by sentences of up to one year in prison and a
fine of more than $4,000.
2014 May 31, In southwest Egypt
smugglers killed 6 army border guards, including an officer, in a
gunbattle in in the Wadi el-Gadid province.
2014 Jun 1, Egypt's stock
market witnessed a sharp plunge that forced a temporary suspension
of trading after reports of a newly proposed government tax on
capital gains which experts said was hardly explained to investors.
2014 Jun 2, Egypt’s Fayoum
Criminal Court sentenced 28 supporters of deposed Islamist President
Mohammed Morsi to life sentences in absentia, and 15 others to three
years in prison, over violence following the ouster of Morsi last
2014 Jun 3, In Egypt sexual
assaults on women took place during public celebrations of Pres.
El-Sisi’s electoral victory. On Aug 7 a court sentenced two men to
life in prison and a 3rd to 20 years on charges that included
kidnapping, attempted rape, torture and attempted murder.
(SFC, 8/8/14, p.A2)
2014 Jun 5, Egypt’s outgoing
Pres. Adly Mansour decreed sexual harassment a crime punishable by
up to five years in prison.
(SFC, 6/6/14, p.A2)
2014 Jun 7, An Egyptian court
sentenced 10 supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to death
in absentia, but postponed sentencing of its leader and other senior
members tried in the case. Those sentenced were convicted on charges
including inciting violence and blocking a major road north of Cairo
during protests after the army toppled Islamist President Mohamed
Mursi last July. A Cairo appeals court canceled a prison sentence
against a police officer convicted in connection with the deaths of
39 people last year during political violence.
2014 Jun 8, Egypt's former army
chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi was sworn in as president for a
2014 Jun 11, An Egyptian court
convicted Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a prominent activist from the 2011
uprising, for demonstrating without permit and assaulting a
policeman, sentencing him to 15 years in prison.
2014 Jun 12, An Egyptian court
acquitted former Hosni Mubarak interior minister Habib al-Adly of
corruption in a retrial after he had been sentenced to 12 years in
2014 Jun 13, In Egypt a
policeman in Cairo's Maadi district was shot and killed from atop a
nearby building while he broke up a pro-Brotherhood protest of about
50 people. Other small protests took place in the provinces of
Sharqiya and Daqahliyah as well as in Assiut, south of Cairo.
2014 Jun 14, Egyptian security
forces confiscated copies of Wasla (Link), a human rights group's
newsletter, saying the publication threatened the government.
2014 Jun 15, Egyptian security
forces said they have seized the Zad chain of supermarkets owned by
Khairat el-Shater and the Seoudi chain of Abdulrahman el-Seoud, two
leading figures of the Muslim Brotherhood, as part of the
government's crackdown against the banned organization.
2014 Jun 16, In Egypt clashes
between security forces and Islamist supporters of deposed President
Mohammed Morsi left one policeman dead in southern Cairo.
2014 Jun 17, Egypt released
Abdullah Elshamy (26), a jailed Al-Jazeera journalist, citing health
conditions. Elshamy had been on a hunger strike for over four months
to protest his prolonged detention without charges.
(SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)
2014 Jun 18, An Egyptian court
sentenced 12 supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi
to death on charges connected to the fatal shooting of a police
general last year.
2014 Jun 20, In Egypt two
people were killed in Cairo in clashes during demonstrations by
supporters of ousted Islamist president Morsi.
2014 Jun 21, An Egyptian court
confirmed death sentences against Mohamed Badie, the leader of the
Muslim Brotherhood, and 182 supporters, in a mass trial of Islamists
who ruled Egypt for a year but face a fierce crackdown under the new
president, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
2014 Jun 23, An Egyptian court
convicted three Al-Jazeera journalists, Australian Peter Greste,
Canadian-Egyptian Mohamed Fahmy and Egyptian Baher Mohammed, and
sentenced them to seven years in prison each on terrorism-related
charges in a verdict that stunned their families and raised
2014 Jun 23, An Egyptian court
sentenced to life in prison 24 Islamists for killing a taxi driver
who had put in his car a picture of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the
ex-army chief turned president.
2014 Jun 24, Egyptian President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said he will not interfere in court rulings,
rebuffing calls from the United States and other Western governments
that he pardon or commute the sentences of three Al-Jazeera
journalists handed heavy prison terms a day earlier. El-Sissi also
said he will donate half of his personal wealth and half of his
salary to help the country's crippling economy, the improvement of
which he said requires sacrifices from all Egyptians.
2014 Jun 24, An Egyptian court
convicted Kerolos Ghattas (30), an Egyptian Christian, to six years
imprisonment for blasphemy and contempt of religion. He was arrested
earlier this month for posting pictures deemed insulting to Islam on
his Facebook page.
2014 Jun 25, In Egypt eight
people were hurt in northern Cairo when homemade explosive devices
blew up at four metro stations and a courthouse.
2014 Jun 25, In Egypt education
authorities overturned a post-revolutionary reform that allowed for
deans and presidents of state universities to be elected.
(Econ, 6/28/14, p.41)
2014 Jun 28, In Egypt two bombs
exploded at a small telephone exchange on Cairo's outskirts, killing
an 18-year-old woman.
2014 Jun 29, An Egyptian
appeals court upheld a blasphemy conviction against Abdel-Nour, a
Coptic Christian teacher, and sentenced her to six months in prison,
overturning an earlier ruling that only imposed a fine.
2014 Jun 30, In Egypt 2 police
officers were killed while trying to defuse makeshift bombs planted
near Cairo's presidential palace close to the anniversary of the
army's overthrow of an elected Islamist president. The militant
group Ajnad Misr, or Soldiers of Egypt, claimed responsibility.
2014 Jul 1, Egyptian police
arrested four Islamist leaders who back Mohamed Morsi, two days
ahead of protests their alliance has called to mark the first
anniversary of his ouster.
2014 Jul 2, Egyptian police
arrested four members of Islamist militant group Ansar Beit
al-Maqdis (Partisans of Jerusalem) over bomb blasts near a
presidential palace, although another group (Ajnad Misr or Soldiers
of Egypt) claimed it had planted the explosives.
2014 Jul 3, In Egypt 2 men were
killed in a bomb blast in Cairo, one of several explosions on the
anniversary of the army's removal of Egypt's elected Islamist
president Mohamed Mursi. Nearly 200 people were arrested and 3
killed in clashes between security forces and protesters.
(Reuters, 7/3/14)(Reuters, 7/4/14)(SFC, 7/4/14,
2014 Jul 4, In Egypt 3 people
were believed killed in an explosion at a house south of Cairo used
for making bombs.
2014 Jul 5, An Egyptian court
sentenced Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie to life in prison
for inciting violence that erupted after the army deposed Islamist
President Mohamed Mursi last year. Some 36 other Brotherhood leaders
and supporters were convicted for the same crime.
2014 Jul 5, Egypt's government
drastically raised fuel prices to tackle a bloated subsidy system,
in a potentially unpopular move that might blow back on newly
elected President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
2014 Jul 9, In Egypt a soldier
was killed and four others wounded after an armored tank drove over
an explosive device in Rafah, near the border with Israel.
2014 Jul 10, Egypt opened its
Rafah border crossing to Gaza to receive wounded Palestinians as
Israel pounded the enclave with air strikes.
2014 Jul 11, In Egypt clashes
in Cairo between protesting supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi and
local residents opposed to the Muslim Brotherhood left 2 people
(SFC, 7/12/14, p.A2)
2014 Jul 12, Egyptian police
said they have arrested a driver for raping a Russian tourist in a
resort town. Cairo police said they have arrested a low-ranking
officer who groped a Tunisian woman at Cairo airport.
2014 Jul 13, In Egypt three
small bombs exploded in a western Cairo suburb, targeting an
electricity transmission pylon and cutting power to the area for
nearly an hour.
2014 Jul 14, In Egypt a Cairo
appeals court ruled that leaders of the former ruling party of
ousted Pres. Mubarak will not be barred from running for elections.
(SFC, 7/15/14, p.A2)
2014 Jul 14, Israel agreed to
an Egyptian truce plan, proposed late today. Under it, a 12-hour
period of de-escalation was to begin at mid-morning July 15. Once
both sides agree to halt hostilities, they would negotiate the terms
of a longer-term truce.
2014 Jul 15, An Egyptian truce
proposal for the conflict in Gaza quickly unraveled, after the
Islamic militant Hamas rejected the plan. Gaza militants fired
scores of rockets at Israel and Israel responded with more than a
dozen air strikes. Aid agencies warned that hundreds of thousands of
Gazans were without water after air strikes wrecked the water and
sewage system. The whole strip was threatened with a water crisis.
Local officials in Gaza said the death toll had risen to 192.
(AP, 7/15/14)(Reuters, 7/15/14)
2014 Jul 16, An Egyptian court
sentenced seven men to life in prison over sexual assaults at
Cairo's Tahrir Square, including during celebrations marking Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi's presidential election victory last month.
2014 Jul 19, Egyptian soldiers
in north Sinai prevented an aid convoy of activists from reaching
the Rafah border crossing with the embattled Palestinian Gaza Strip.
2014 Jul 19, In Egypt militants
firing rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns attacked the
El-Farafrah border security post, 630 km (390 miles) west of Cairo,
killing 22 soldiers and wounding another four near the border with
2014 Jul 23, The Egyptian army
reportedly killed 3 militants in their car during a raid in the
Sinai region. Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis later said the militants were
killed by an Israeli drone.
2014 Jul 25, In Egypt 2
high-ranking police and army officers were shot dead by unknown
assailants in the Sinai region near the border with Israel.
2014 Jul 26, Egyptian
soldiers killed 12 suspected militants and arrested 11 others in the
northern Sinai. An insurgent-fired rocket struck a house in the town
of Sheikh Zuwayed, killing 3 civilians and wounding nine. Egypt's
chief prosecutor charged 20 suspected militants of Ajnad Misr
(Soldiers of Egypt) with carrying terrorist attacks that killed
seven people and wounded more than 100. 26 suspected militants were
killed in northern Sinai over the last two days.
(AP, 7/26/14)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.A5)
2014 Jul 26, In Egypt 4
children were killed and five other people were injured when a
rocket landed near their homes in Rafah, near the Sinai border with
Gaza. Security sources said the rocket was likely fired by Islamist
militants operating in the Sinai peninsula.
2014 Jul 26, In Libya 23
people, all Egyptian workers, were killed in the capital Tripoli
when a rocket hit their home during clashes between rival militias
battling over the city's main airport.
2014 Jul 27, Egypt's army said
it has destroyed 13 more tunnels connecting the Sinai Peninsula to
the Gaza Strip, taking to 1,639 the overall number it has laid waste
2014 Jul 28, Egyptian troops
killed 7 suspected militants and arrested five as part of an ongoing
offensive in the volatile Sinai Peninsula. A girl (9) was killed
when a rocket hit the ground outside a house in the town of Sheikh
Zuwaid, northern Sinai.
(AP, 7/29/14)(AFP, 7/28/14)
2014 Jul 31, Egypt told the
Islamic Jihad it is delaying talks on a long-term Gaza ceasefire
after Israel revealed one of its soldiers may have been captured.
2014 Jul 31, In Libya 2
Egyptians were killed when Libyan guards opened fire to disperse
them as they tried to cross the border to Tunisia.
2014 Aug 1, Tunisia closed its
main border crossing with Libya after thousands of stranded Egyptian
and foreign nationals, fleeing militias' fighting and violence in
Libya, tried to break through the passage. Tunisian guards shot into
the air and fired tear gas to stop a group of Egyptians from
storming across the border.
(AP, 8/2/14)(Reuters, 8/1/14)
2014 Aug 2, President Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi said an Egyptian truce plan provides a "real chance"
to end the Gaza conflict, stressing the need for its speedy
2014 Aug 3, Egyptian troops
killed 11 militants in shoot-outs in the restive Sinai Peninsula
where security forces have battled an insurgency since president
Mohamed Morsi's overthrow.
2014 Aug 3, In Libya the exodus
of foreigners gathered pace as the government said at least 22
people were killed in clashes in Tripoli and warned of a "worsening
humanitarian situation." Thousands of Egyptians seeking to flee were
being airlifted home after being allowed into neighboring Tunisia.
2014 Aug 4, Egypt said it plans
to build a new Suez Canal alongside the existing 145-year-old
historic waterway in a multi-billion dollar project aimed at
expanding trade along the fastest shipping route between Europe and
2014 Aug 4, Palestinian groups
including envoys of Hamas and Islamic Jihad held their first formal
meeting in Cairo with Egyptian mediators hoping to secure a durable
ceasefire with Israel after more than three weeks of fighting.
Israel declined to send its envoys.
2014 Aug 5, In Egypt militants
attacked a police checkpoint in the Dhabaa area in the coastal
province of Matrouh, killing 5 policemen and losing 4 of their own
in the ensuing gunbattle.
2014 Aug 6, A Gaza truce was
holding as Egyptian mediators pursued talks with Israeli and
Palestinian representatives on an enduring end to a war that has
devastated the Hamas Islamist- dominated enclave.
2014 Aug 10, King Abdullah of
Saudi Arabia discussed developments in Syria, Iraq, Gaza and Libya
with Egypt’s Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, during Sisi's first visit
to his regime's powerful ally since winning May elections.
2014 Aug 11, Egyptian
authorities stopped the executive director of Human Rights Watch and
another US staffer from entering the country ahead of the release of
a critical report by the group on mass killings by security forces
2014 Aug 12, Russian President
Vladimir Putin hosted his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
for talks about Cairo's purchase of advanced surface-to-air missiles
and membership in a Moscow-led free trade zone.
2014 Aug 12, The New-York based
Human Rights Watch called for an international commission of inquiry
into mass killings by Egyptian security forces last summer, saying
they likely amount to crimes against humanity.
2014 Aug 14, Egypt 4 Islamist
protesters and a policeman were shot dead in Cairo, one year after
government forces killed hundreds of demonstrators in the worst
bloodshed in Egypt's recent history. 30 members of the Brotherhood
were arrested for rioting.
(Reuters, 8/14/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)
2014 Aug 15, In Egypt 3 people
were killed as supporters and opponents of ousted Islamist president
Mohamed Morsi clashed after Friday prayers.
2014 Aug 16, Egypt’s PM Ibrahim
Mehlib blamed saboteurs for some 300 attacks on electricity pylons
nationwide that have deepened the country’s energy shortage.
(SSFC, 8/17/14, p.A4)
2014 Aug 18, In Egypt gunmen
shot and killed a policeman on patrol and wounded another in the
Nile Delta province of Gharbiya.
2014 Aug 18, In Libya
unidentified warplanes bombed militia positions in Tripoli. They
were later identified as aircraft based in Egypt and flown by pilots
from the UAE.
(Reuters, 8/18/14)(Reuters, 8/19/14)(Econ,
2014 Aug 20, In Egypt 4
beheaded corpses were found by residents of Sheikh Zuwaid in the
Sinai Peninsula. Residents found the bodies two days after the men
were abducted by gunmen while travelling in a car in the town.
Security sources blamed Islamist militants waging an insurgency
against Cairo. On Aug 28 Sinai-based Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis said the
four men had been spying for Israel's Mossad spy agency.
(Reuters, 8/20/14)(Reuters, 8/28/14)
2014 Aug 21, Egypt's Cairo
airport and Tunisia cancelled most flights to and from Libya, days
after the Libyan government said unidentified war planes had
attacked positions of armed groups in Tripoli.
2014 Aug 23, Egypt called on
Israel and the Palestinians to halt fire and resume peace talks, but
violence continued unabated with Israeli air strikes in the Gaza
Strip and Hamas militants firing rockets at the Jewish state. The
Israeli military said Palestinian gunmen had fired almost 500
rockets at Israel since the talks broke down and Gaza health
officials said 65 Palestinians had been killed in Israeli air
strikes since then.
2014 Aug 23, In Libya
unidentified war planes attacked positions of an armed faction in
Tripoli. They were later identified as aircraft based in Egypt and
flown by pilots from the UAE. 15 fighters were reported killed and
dozens wounded. Islamist fighters in the Fajr Libya (Libyan Dawn)
coalition said they have captured Tripoli's battered international
airport. Fighting erupted between renegade general Khalifa Haftar’s
troops and allied army special forces with Islamists in two Benghazi
suburbs, killing 8 soldiers and wounding 35. Egypt denied any air
operations in Libya.
(AP, 8/23/14)(AFP, 8/24/14)(Reuters,
8/24/14)(SFC, 8/25/14, p.A2)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.44)
2014 Aug 24, In Egypt Mahienour
el-Masry, a secular activist sentenced for protesting, began a
hunger strike. At least a dozen protesters and activists behind bars
have started a hunger strike in the past week, including prominent
blogger and activist Alaa Abdel-Fattah.
2014 Aug 25, Egypt proposed a
new ceasefire that would open key crossings into Gaza where violence
reverberated with at least 8 Palestinians killed in Israeli air
2014 Aug 25, American officials
confirmed that jets of the United Arab Emirates launched two attacks
in seven days on the Islamists in Tripoli using bases in Egypt.
2014 Aug 26, In Egypt two
microbuses racing down a narrow rural road in near the ancient city
of Luxor collided and plunged into a canal early, killing 18
passengers including 8 children.
2014 Aug 30, An Egyptian court
sentenced Mohamed Badie, general guide of the outlawed Muslim
Brotherhood, and seven others to life in prison for inciting
violence during protests last year. Badie and 182 Muslim brotherhood
supporters were sentenced to death in a mass trial last June over
violence that erupted in Minya governorate which led to the killing
of a police officer.
2014 Aug, In Egypt an American
supervisor for Apache Oil was killed in an apparent carjacking in
the Western Desert. On Nov 30 the militant group Ansar Beit
al-Maqdis said it had killed William Henderson (58) and published
pictures of his passport and two identification cards.
2014 Sep 2, In Egypt 11
policemen were killed when a roadside bomb blast struck their
armored vehicle in the restive Sinai Peninsula. Ansar Beit al-Maqdis
(Partisans of Jerusalem), an Al-Qaeda-inspired group based in the
Sinai, soon claimed responsibility.
(AFP, 9/2/14)(AP, 9/4/14)
2014 Sep 3, An Egyptian
policeman was shot dead and two colleagues wounded in attacks in the
restive Sinai Peninsula.
2014 Sep 6, Egypt charged
ousted president Mohamed Mursi and nine others with endangering
national security by leaking state secrets and sensitive documents
to Qatar, furthering a state crackdown on his outlawed Muslim
2014 Sep 6, Egypt’s top
prosecutor ordered seven men detained and physically examined over
accusations of “debauchery," after a video emerged of a same-sex
wedding party. On Nov 1 eight men were convicted of “indecent
dabauchery" following their appearance at the wedding party.
(SSFC, 9/7/14, p.A8)(SSFC, 11/2/14, p.A3)
2014 Sep 7, Arab foreign
ministers meeting in Cairo agreed to take the "necessary measures"
and were prepared to cooperate internationally to confront Islamic
2014 Sep 9, An Egyptian court
sentenced Mohamed El-Beltagy, a leader of the outlawed Muslim
Brotherhood, and Safwat Hegazy, an Islamist cleric, to 20 years in
prison for attempting to kill two policemen.
2014 Sep 14, Egypt’s Interior
Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said 7 jihadists were killed in a shootout
in the Sinai peninsula during a joint operation by police and the
2014 Sep 14, The Egyptian coast
guard arrested 157 migrants of different nationalities including
Palestinians who had been planning to sail illegally in a rickety
fishing boat from Egyptian shores to Italy.
2014 Sep 15, An Egyptian court
sentenced the Muslim Brotherhood's top official Mohamed Badie and 14
others to life in jail on charges of murder and inciting violence
during a protest near Cairo last year. Prominent activist Alaa
Abdel-Fattah was released on 5,000 Egyptian pounds ($714) bail along
with two other activists. He faced retrial on a 15-year prison
sentence for violating a draconian protest law.
(Reuters, 9/15/14)(AP, 9/15/14)
2014 Sep 16, In southern Egypt
a couple hundred Christian protesters clashed with police after
holding a demonstration in front of a police station demanding
authorities locate an abducted housewife.
2014 Sep 16, In Egypt a
powerful explosion killed 5 police conscripts and an officer near
the border town of Rafah in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
2014 Sep 17, Alexander Fomin,
the head of a Russian state arms agency, said Russia and Egypt have
reached a preliminary deal for Cairo to buy arms worth $3.5 billion
2014 Sep 19, In Egypt the
decapitated body of a man was found in a town in the Sinai
Peninsula, the latest in a series of beheadings allegedly carried
out by jihadists.
2014 Sep 21, In Cairo, Egypt,
at least 2 policemen were killed when a bomb exploded near a
checkpoint outside foreign ministry headquarters.
2014 Sep 22, In Egypt rival
Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah began reconciliation talks in
Cairo, one day ahead of negotiations with Israel on cementing the
Aug. 26 truce that ended a 50-day war in Gaza.
2014 Sep 23, Egyptian-mediated
talks resumed in Cairo between Israel and the Palestinians on
cementing a ceasefire in Gaza.
2014 Sep 25, Egyptian courts
sentenced nearly 100 people to prison for up to 25 years after
finding them guilty of violence during protests in support of ousted
Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
2014 Sep 28, In Egypt an
appeals court acquitted 112 people convicted of holding an illegal
protest on the third anniversary of the 2011 revolt that toppled
2014 Oct 2, Egypt's army killed
Mohamed Abu Shatiya, a field commander in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, the
country's most dangerous Islamist militant group, during clashes in
the lawless north of the Sinai Peninsula.
2014 Oct 5, An Egyptian
jihadist group released a video showing the execution of 4 men,
including three being beheaded, accused of spying for the army and
for Israel's Mossad intelligence service.
2014 Oct 7, Egyptian military
officials said troops have killed 16 members of an al-Qaida-inspired
militant group in the restive Sinai Peninsula. Four leading members
of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis were arrested during the operations.
2014 Oct 10, Egyptian security
arrested 40 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's
Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo and Egypt's second city Alexandria
2014 Oct 11, In Egypt a Cairo
court convicted Mohammed el-Beltagy, a leading Muslim Brotherhood
figure, and two other Islamists and sentenced them to 15 years in
prison each on charges of torturing a man during the 2011 protests
against then-President Hosni Mubarak.
2014 Oct 12, In Cairo, Egypt,
US Sec. of State John Kerry presided over a conference on peace in
the Middle East and announced an additional $212 million in US aid
to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. Qatar said it would provide $1
billion in reconstruction assistance for Gaza, while fellow Gulf
Arab states Kuwait and United Arab Emirates promised $200 million
each. Germany also announced it would contribute 50 million euros
($63 million) to reconstruction efforts in Gaza.
2014 Oct 12, Egyptian police
backed by armored vehicles stormed the campuses of at least two
prominent universities to quell anti-government protests by
2014 Oct 13, In southern Egypt
30 people died in a collision between three minibuses in Aswan
2014 Oct 16, In Egypt 3 police
conscripts were killed in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in the
2014 Oct 18, In Egypt at least
3 soldiers died when a smuggling tunnel on the border with the Gaza
Strip collapsed on them as they were investigating it. The interior
ministry said that security forces have arrested 52 suspected
militants who operated in eight different cells with the aim of
targeting Egypt's infrastructure.
2014 Oct 19, In Egypt 6
security force personnel were killed by a remotely detonated
roadside bomb in the Sinai Peninsula as they patrolled a natural gas
(AP, 10/19/14)(Reuters, 10/24/14)
2014 Oct 24, In Egypt 30
soldiers were killed in the Sinai Peninsula by a car bomb that
targeted two armored vehicles stopped at a checkpoint. Gunmen also
shot dead an officer and wounded two soldiers on Friday at another
checkpoint south of El-Arish
(AP, 10/24/14)(AFP, 10/25/14)
2014 Oct 25, Egypt imposed a
state of emergency across much of the Sinai Peninsula after 30
soldiers were killed in a suicide car bombing a day earlier by
suspected jihadists. Egypt also announced it would close the Rafah
crossing into the Gaza Strip.
2014 Oct 26, An Egyptian court
convicted 23 activists, including prominent rights campaigners, of
staging an illegal demonstration and sentenced them each to three
years in jail.
2014 Oct 29, Hundreds of
Egyptians living along the border with the Gaza Strip evacuated
their homes, after the army ordered them out to make way for a
planned buffer zone meant to stop militants and smugglers.
2014 Oct, In Egypt the National
Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) documented 300 cases of
assault on children this month, including 27 boys and girls raped
and 23 murdered, 13 of them by parents.
2014 Nov 5, In Egypt a bomb on
a train killed 4 people including two policemen in Menufiya
province. Blasts in the Cairo metro and near a presidential palace
wounded several others.
2014 Nov 7, In Egypt at least 3
people were killed and eight wounded in separate incidents involving
Islamist protesters and militants across the country.
2014 Nov 10, Egypt-based Ansar
Beit al-Maqdis, which has carried out a string of deadly attacks
from its stronghold in the Sinai Peninsula, said it was pledging its
loyalty to the self-declared IS "caliph", Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
2014 Nov 13, In Egypt Islamic
militants set up roadblocks and killed five policemen and soldiers
the restive northern Sinai Peninsula, where authorities have
declared a state of emergency following a major attack that killed
31 troops last month.
2014 Nov 17, Egypt’s state MENA
news agency said a decision has been taken to increase the buffer
zone along the border in Rafah to one km. This came after the
discovery of underground tunnels with a total length of 800 to 1,000
2014 Nov 17, In Egypt a woman
(19) diagnosed with bird flu died, the second fatality from the H5N1
virus this year in the country.
2014 Nov 18, In Egypt 7
civilians and 3 militants were killed in an exchange of fire between
militants and the army in North Sinai.
(SFC, 11/19/14, p.A2)
2014 Nov 20, An Egyptian court
acquitted Dr. Raslan Fadl charged with committing female genital
mutilation that led to a 13-year-old girl's death in a Nile Delta
village. This was the country's first trial on charges of breaking
the 2008 ban on the practice.
2014 Nov 20, Egypt arrested
Mohammed Ali Bishr, a leading Muslim Brotherhood member linked to a
call for demonstrations at the end of the month. He had played a key
role in negotiations between his now-banned group and the
2014 Nov 25, In Egypt an
apartment building in Cairo collapsed, killing at least 17 people as
rescuers and neighbors frantically dug through rubble with their
hands to find survivors. Neighbors said the seven-story building had
several floors illegally added onto it.
2014 Nov 26, Egypt opened the
Rafah border crossing for the first time in a month to allow
thousands of stranded Palestinians to return to the Gaza Strip. The
frontier remained closed in the other direction.
2014 Nov 28, Egyptian security
forces quickly put down scattered protests as an attempt by
Islamists to hold the first major anti-government rallies in months
fizzled, with at least two protesters and three army and navy
officers killed in separate incidents.
2014 Nov 29, An Egyptian court
dropped its case against former Pres. Hosni Mubarak (86) over the
killing of protesters in the 2011 uprising that ended his 30-year
rule and symbolized hopes for a new era of political openness and
accountability. Two people were killed and nine were wounded, when
security forces fired tear gas and birdshot to disperse about 1,000
protesters who attempted to enter Tahrir Square.
(Reuters, 11/29/14)(Reuters, 11/30/14)
2014 Nov 30, Protests erupted
at universities across Egypt, condemning a court decision to drop
criminal charges against Hosni Mubarak, the president whose ouster
in the 2011 uprising raised hopes of a new era of political
2014 Dec 7, Egyptian security
forces raided a bath house and arrested 25 men for homosexuality,
dragging them naked out of the building in downtown Cairo.
2014 Dec 9, Egyptian
pro-democracy activist Ahmed Douma was sentenced to three years in
jail after he accused the judge of bias and denounced his trial on
charges of violence against the state as political.
2014 Dec 13, An Egyptian
official said Egypt’s top prosecutor has referred over 400 suspected
Islamists to military tribunals for last year’s acts of violence and
killings of policemen.
(SSFC, 12/14/14, p.A6)
2014 Dec 14, Egypt's stock
market plunged by 22 billion Egyptian pounds (just over $3 billion)
in a single day of trading as low oil prices dragged down regional
2014 Dec 14, In Egypt gunmen
killed 2 policemen in a drive-by shooting in El-Arish the Sinai
2014 Dec 14, An Egyptian
fishing boat crashed into a container ship in the Gulf of Suez,
killing 13 fishermen. The captain and first officer of the Kuwaiti
container ship were soon detained.
(AP, 12/14/14)(Reuters, 12/16/14)
2014 Dec 18, An Egyptian court
sentenced 40 backers of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to
up to 15 years in jail for violence including torching churches.
2014 Dec 21, Egypt opened the
Rafah border crossing for incoming passengers from the Gaza Strip
for the first time in almost two months. Rafah would open for two
days to allow Gazans with serious illnesses to travel to Egypt and
beyond for treatment and to allow foreign nationals and students to
2014 Dec 21, Egyptian state
media reported that a court has jailed Mohamed Ali Abdel Baki, a
Suez Canal shipping services manager, for 10 years on charges of
spying for Israel about naval movements through the strategic
2014 Dec 25, In Egypt a
roadside bomb explosion struck an army vehicle in the volatile Sinai
Peninsula, killing an army captain and a soldier.
2014 Dec 27, In Egypt gunmen on
a motorbike killed a policeman and wounded another in a drive-by
shooting in Cairo.
2014 Dec 27, An Egyptian
appeals court reduced the sentences of eight men convicted on
charges of "inciting debauchery" for taking part in an alleged
same-sex wedding party from three years to one year in prison.
2014 Dec 28, Egypt said it has
banned Ridley Scott's biblical epic "Exodus: Gods & Kings"
because the Hollywood blockbuster distorts Egypt's history and
presents a "racist" image of Jews.
2014 Dec 28, An Egyptian
appeals court upheld the conviction of 23 activists, including
prominent rights defender Sanaa Seif, for staging an illegal
protest, but reduced their sentences from three years to two.
2015 Jan 1, Egypt’s President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi addressed Muslim clerics in a televised speech
at an Al-Azhar conference center in Cairo and called on them to
promote a reading of Islamic text in an enlightened manner and to
reconsider concepts that have been made sacred over hundreds of
(SFC, 1/9/15, p.A3)(Reuters, 5/31/15)
2015 Jan 1, Defense lawyers
said Egypt's highest court has ordered a retrial of three jailed
journalists working for Al Jazeera television, citing procedural
flaws in last year's trial.
2015 Jan 2, Egyptian troops
opened fire on six Gazans who had illegally crossed into the
Egyptian Sinai, where the army has created a buffer zone to prevent
the movement of militants. Ashraf al-Qudra (17) was killed.
2015 Jan 6, In Egypt gunmen
opened fire and killed two policemen guarding a Coptic church south
2015 Jan 8, Egypt’s military
said the army is doubling the size of a buffer zone along the border
with the Gaza Strip, an operation that will involve the destruction
of 1,220 more homes and the eviction of residents.
2015 Jan 11, In Egypt a police
captain was snatched from a taxi by gunmen as he headed to work at
the Rafah border crossing with the Gaza Strip. On Jan 13 the officer
was found shot dead near the village of el-Muqatta, near the Gaza
border. The military said it killed 10 militants in clashes during
the search for the kidnapped captain.
(AP, 1/13/15)(AFP, 1/13/15)
2015 Jan 12, An Egyptian court
acquitted 26 men accused of "debauchery" after their night-time
arrest last September from a Cairo bathhouse for suspected
2015 Jan 13, An Egyptian
appeals court overturned a three-year prison sentence against ousted
strongman Hosni Mubarak on corruption charges and ordered a retrial
in the sole case pending against him.
2015 Jan 13, Britain launched a
trade mission to Egypt with more than 40 companies received in
Cairo, the largest such effort in over a decade by the top foreign
investor in the Arab world's most populous country.
2015 Jan 17, In Egypt actress
Faten Hamama (b.1931), a pillar of Middle Eastern cinema, died after
a career that spanned seven decades and graced the golden age of
Egyptian filmmaking. Her 1975 film "I Want a Solution" gave a
scathing critique of divorce and marriage laws in Egypt, while
1965's "The Sin" focused on the oppression of struggling peasants.
2015 Jan 22, An Egyptian court
ordered the release of ousted president Hosni Mubarak's two sons
pending their retrial on corruption charges.
2015 Jan 23, An Egyptian
student was killed during clashes between Muslim Brotherhood
protesters and local residents in the Mediterranean city of
2015 Jan 24, Egyptian judicial
sources said a court has ordered a retrial for 37 Muslim Brotherhood
members sentenced to death and 115 others sentenced to life in a
mass trial last March. Female protester Shaimaa el-Sabagh was
fatally shot by police in Cairo. Officer Yassin Hatem Salah Eddin
(25) was later convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison. In
2016 Egypt's highest appeals court overturned the conviction and
ordered a new trial for Eddin.
(Reuters, 1/24/15)(SSFC, 1/25/15,
p.A8) (AP, 2/14/16)
2015 Jan 25, In Egypt clashes
between police and Islamist protesters in an eastern Cairo district
left 9 demonstrators dead. Another protester was killed in clashes
in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria. 2 suspected Islamists
were killed in the Nile Delta province of Beheira when an explosive
device they were planting under a high-voltage tower exploded.
Police arrested 516 supporters of the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood
during violence that erupted as the country marked the fourth
anniversary of its January 25 uprising. Shaimaa Sabbagh (32) was
shot. A photograph of her bleeding to death went viral and caused an
international outcry. On March 17 a police officer was charged over
(AP, 1/25/15)(AFP, 1/26/15)(Reuters, 3/17/15)
2015 Jan 26, An Egyptian
appeals court convicted a doctor of manslaughter and performing
female genital mutilation that led to the death of a 13-year-old
girl, sentencing him to two years and three months in prison in the
country's first case that came to trial over the widespread
practice. Dr. Raslan Fadl was initially acquitted of the 2013 death
of Sohair el-Batea.
2015 Jan 27, Egypt's highest
appeal court upheld convictions and three-year prison sentences
prominent activists Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Douma and Mohammed Adel, for
violating the country's draconian law on protests.
2015 Jan 29, In Egypt a group
of women protested in Cairo against the death of Shaimaa Sabbagh
(22) and around 25 other activists allegedly killed by security
forces at recent rallies marking the 4th anniversary of Egypt's 2011
(Reuters, 1/29/15)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.40)
2015 Jan 29, In Egypt at least
30 soldiers and police officers were killed in four separate attacks
in the Sinai Peninsula. Most of the casualties occurred in the
bombing of a military hotel and base in al-Arish. Two children, one
of them 6 months old, died a day later from wounds suffered.
2015 Jan 30, Egyptian President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi cut short a visit to Ethiopia for an African
Union summit after the Islamic State's Egyptian wing claimed the
killing of at least 30 soldiers and police officers in the Sinai
Peninsula. An interior ministry employee was killed in North Sinai.
(Reuters, 1/30/15)(AFP, 1/31/15)
2015 Jan 31, An Egyptian court
banned the armed wing of Palestinian group Hamas and listed it as a
terrorist organization, a ruling in keeping with a systematic
crackdown on Islamists by Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
2015 Feb 1, Egypt deported
Al-Jazeera reporter Peter Greste to his native Australia after
holding him for more than 400 days despite global condemnation.
Colleagues, Canadian-Egyptian Mohamed Fahmy and an Egyptian
producer, Baher Mohamed, remained in prison.
2015 Feb 1, In Egypt three men
were killed by police in separate incidents under circumstances
indicating abuse of police authority.
(SFC, 3/7/15, p.A3)
2015 Feb 2, An Egyptian court
sentenced 183 supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to
death. The men were convicted of playing a role in the killings of
16 policemen in the town of Kardasa in August, 2013. In 2016 an
appeals court ordered a retrial for the defendants over the attack.
(Reuters, 2/2/15)(AFP, 2/3/16)
2015 Feb 3, In Egypt a roadside
bomb near Alexandria killed a bystander and injured two others.
Authorities defused two more explosives at Cairo International
2015 Feb 4, An Egyptian court
sentenced 230 people, including one of the leading activists behind
the country's 2011 uprising, to life in prison after finding them
guilty of taking part in clashes between protesters and security
forces later that year. All were tried in absentia except Ahmed
Douma, a secular activist who is already serving a
three-year-sentence for breaking a draconian law regulating
protests. Thirty other people, all minors, were sentenced to 10
years in prison.
2015 Feb 6, Egyptian military
air strikes killed 27 Islamic militants in the Northern Sinai in one
of the biggest security operations in the region in months.
2015 Feb 6, Hundreds of
Palestinians demonstrated outside Egypt's diplomatic mission in Gaza
City, to protest a Cairo court ruling designating Hamas's armed
wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, as a terrorist group.
2015 Feb 7, An alleged
audiotape aired on a Brotherhood-allied TV station in which
Egypt’s Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and a top aide purportedly
banter about how rich Persian Gulf Arabs are and add up the billions
they intend to seek. Financial help, estimated at some $32 billion,
has helped keep Egypt afloat after years of instability. On Feb 9
el-Sissi called leaders of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE,
praising their wisdom and saying relations won’t be undermined by
“nefarious attempts" to do so.
(http://tinyurl.com/lyprfja)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.A2)
2015 Feb 7, In Egypt 3
policemen were shot dead and two others injured when they came under
fire while conducting a raid against a group of criminals near the
southern city of Minya.
2015 Feb 8, In Egypt 22 soccer
fans died of suffocation from tear gas and a stampede outside a
Cairo stadium in a melee with security forces. Authorities said it
was sparked when hard-core Zamalek fans known as Ultras White
Knights tried to force their way into the stadium without tickets.
The violence prompted the Cabinet to suspend the national football
league indefinitely. Police arrested 21 soccer fans in the wake of
(AP, 2/9/15)(AP, 2/10/15)
2015 Feb 10, Egypt's Pres.
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said Egypt and Russia have agreed to build a
nuclear power plant together. El-Sissi also said the two nations
signed agreements to improve natural gas business and investment.
They also agreed to create a Russian industrial zone along the Suez
Canal. This came during a joint press conference in Cairo with
visiting Russian President Vladimir Putin.
2015 Feb 10, In Egypt five
bombs exploded outside police stations in Egypt's second city of
Alexandria, wounding 10 civilians.
2015 Feb 11, Egypt's highest
appeals court overturned death sentences for 36 members of the
Muslim Brotherhood, which the government has labelled a terrorist
group, and ordered a retrial. The case stemmed from an August 2013
attack on a police station in the southern town of el-Adwa when a
police officer and a civilian were killed.
2015 Feb 12, An Egyptian judge
ordered the release on bail of Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohammed, a
pair of Al-Jazeera English journalists being retried on
terror-related charges. Also being freed on bail are 11 other
defendants in the case, mostly students charged with involvement
with the Muslim Brotherhood.
2015 Feb 12, France and Egypt
agreed a deal worth more than 5 billion euros ($5.7 billion) for the
sale of Dassault Aviation-built Rafale fighter jets, a naval frigate
2015 Feb 13, In Egypt a
roadside bomb in Cairo killed a police captain and wounded eight
other people. Egyptian warplanes killed 8 suspected Islamist
militants in Rafah, Sinai.
2015 Feb 15, In Egypt gunmen
opened fire on a traffic police patrol in the Nile Delta town of
Benha, killing one policeman and wounding three others.
2015 Feb 15, Islamic State
militants in Libya released a video showing the beheading of 21
Egyptian Christians. The 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians, who had gone
to Libya in search of work, were marched to a beach, forced to kneel
and then beheaded on video. On October 6, 2017, the remains of 21
Coptic Christians were unearthed from a mass grave south of the
one-time jihadist bastion of Sirte.
(Reuters, 2/16/15)(AFP, 10/7/17)
2015 Feb 16, Egyptian jets
bombed Islamic State targets in Libya, a day after the group there
released a video showing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians. 40
to 50 militants were reported killed along with 7 civilians.
(Reuters, 2/16/15)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.44)
2015 Feb 21, An Egyptian court
acquitted former oil minister Sameh Fahmi, as well as five other
officials, in a retrial after a 2012 conviction for selling Israel
natural gas at below market price. They had served under
ex-strongman Hosni Mubarak.
2015 Feb 23, An Egyptian court
sentenced prominent activist Alaa Abdel Fattah to five years in jail
for violating limits on demonstrations, part of one of the toughest
crackdowns on dissent in Egypt's history.
2015 Feb 24, It was reported
that Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has issued a law that
broadens the state's definition of terrorism to include anyone who
threatens public order "by any means," and gives authorities powers
to draw up lists of alleged terrorists with little judicial
recourse. The legislation was signed in the form of a decree last
week and was distributed to reporters today.
2015 Feb 24, In Egypt a court
in Cairo cleared Habib el-Adly, the former interior minister of
former Pres. Hosni Mubarak, of the last of several criminal charges
that have kept him behind bars.
(SFC, 2/25/15, p.A2)
2015 Feb 26, In Egypt six small
bombs exploded in the Giza district across the Nile from Cairo
killing one person and wounding ten others.
(SFC, 2/27/15, p.A2)
2015 Feb 26, Egyptian police
arrested three men suspected of torturing and killing a chained dog
with knives, after horrific footage of the incident sparked outrage
in the country. On March 11 a court convicted four men over the
grisly killing and sentenced them to three years in prison.
(AFP, 2/26/15)(AP, 3/11/15)
2015 Feb 27, An Egyptian senior
army officer was killed and another was injured when a cross-border
smuggling tunnel with the Gaza Strip collapsed after troops in Rafah
went into it to investigate.
2015 Feb 28, An Egyptian court
listed the Palestinian group Hamas as a terrorist organization.
Another court sentenced the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood's top leader
Mohamed Badie and 13 others to life in prison while four members
received the death penalty. Two of those sentenced to death and
three sentenced to life were tried in absentia.
2015 Mar 1, Egypt's army said
at least 172 militants were killed in February in joint police and
military operations in the restive Sinai.
2015 Mar 2, In Egypt an
explosion in Cairo near the High Court killed 2 people.
(SSFC, 3/8/15, p.A4)
2015 Mar 3, In Egypt five
improvised bombs exploded in Cairo's Matariya district in an
apparent targeting of Vodafone and Mobinil mobile-phone stores.
(SSFC, 3/8/15, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/n2vdh5r)
2015 Mar 7, Egypt Interior
Ministry said that Mahmoud Ramadan was executed after being
convicted of murder. He was said to be behind the deaths of a young
man and a child who were thrown off a roof on July 5, 2013, two days
following the ouster of Pres. Morsi.
2015 Mar 8, In Egypt two bombs
exploded in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria, one outside a
popular supermarket chain and another near a police station, killing
one person and wounding at least 9.
2015 Mar 9, Egypt temporarily
opened a crossing with the Gaza Strip, allowing students, patients
seeking medical care and dual nationals to leave the territory for
the first time in nearly two months.
2015 Mar 9, In Egypt a roadside
bomb killed 3 soldiers in the Sinai peninsula.
2015 Mar 10, In Egypt a suicide
bomber and roadside explosives targeting police and military in the
northeastern Sinai Peninsula killed 2 and wounded 46. In a city
south of Cairo, 2 suspected militants died when a bomb they were
carrying on a motorbike exploded.
2015 Mar 13, Egypt opened an
int’l. conference to promote an ambitious recovery plan. Kuwait, the
UAE and Saudi Arabia all promised investments and aid of $4 billion
(SFC, 3/14/15, p.A2)
2015 Mar 13, Egypt's government
announced plans to build a new capital adjacent to Cairo, in a
massive new project that in its first phase would cost $45 billion
and take up to seven years to complete.
2015 Mar 14, An Egyptian
disciplinary court ordered 41 judges into compulsory retirement for
supporting the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
2015 Mar 14, In Egypt a garbage
collector and his donkey were killed in a bomb explosion in a Cairo
2015 Mar 14, Germany’s Siemens
AG signed $10.5 billion deal with Egypt to build power plants to
boost the country’s electricity generating capacity by up to a
(SSFC, 3/15/15, p.A4)
2015 Mar 19, An Egyptian court
acquitted Habib al-Adly, the former interior minister of ousted
president Hosni Mubarak, in the last corruption case he was facing.
2015 Mar 21, In Egypt at least
12 workers were killed when their bus plunged into a canal west of
2015 Mar 24, The leaders of
Egypt and Ethiopia promised to boost cooperation on the Nile river
and turn a page on a long-running row over Addis Ababa's
controversial dam project.
2015 Mar 26, Warplanes from a
Saudi-led Arab coalition bombed Huthi Shiite rebels in support of
Yemen's embattled president, as regional rival Iran warned the
intervention was a "dangerous" move. Egypt participated in the
Saudi-led campaign against Shi'ite Houthis militias in Yemen with
its naval and air forces. The US military rescued two Saudi pilots
who ejected from their jet off Yemen's coast.
(AFP, 3/26/15)(Reuters, 3/26/15)(AFP, 3/27/15)
2015 Mar 27, Egyptian and Saudi
Arabian warships deployed to the Bab al-Mandab strait off Yemen to
secure the strategic sea passage.
(SFC, 3/28/15, p.A3)
2015 Mar 28, In Egypt a bomb
wounded four civilians and four policemen outside Cairo University.
2015 Mar 29, Egypt's top
prosecutor named 18 Muslim Brotherhood members, including the
group's leader and his deputy, as terrorists in the first
implementation of an anti-terror law passed earlier this year.
2015 Mar 29, Arab leaders
meeting in Egypt agreed to form a joint military force after a
summit dominated by a Saudi-led offensive on Shiite rebels in Yemen
and the threat from Islamist extremism.
2015 Mar 29, In Egypt 14 people
were killed and seven injured in a car crash involving three
vehicles in the southern province of Sohag.
2015 Mar 31, Pres. Obama
removed his holds on the delivery of F-16 aircraft, Harpoon missiles
and M1A1 tanks kits to Egypt and assured Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi
that he would continue to support $1.3 billion in annual military
(SFC, 4/1/15, p.A2)
2015 Apr 1, Egypt's Pres.
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi welcomed the restoration of US military aid, a
victory in his quest to eliminate some of the last international
penalties on his government following his 2013 overthrow of the
country's elected Islamist president.
2015 Apr 1, Amnesty Int’l.
released its latest annual report on the death penalty. It said
Egypt and Nigeria had accounted for over 1,000 of the 2,466 death
sentences in 55 countries reported last year.
(SFC, 4/3/15, p.A3)( http://tinyurl.com/k4kowoz)
2015 Apr 2, Jihadists in
Egypt's Sinai killed 15 soldiers and 3 civilians in attacks on five
checkpoints. Military sources said 15 militants also died in an
exchange of fire but the toll could not be verified by medics. The
Islamic State's branch in Egypt soon claimed responsibility.
(AFP, 4/2/15)(AP, 4/3/15)
2015 Apr 5, In Egypt a bomb
blast on a bridge leading to an upscale neighborhood in central
Cairo killed a policeman and wounded at least two passers-by. The
group Ajnad Misr claimed responsibility. Security forces said Hamam
Mohamed Attia, the founder and leader of Ajnad Misr, was killed by
security forces early today.
(AP, 4/5/15)(Reuters, 4/5/15)
2015 Apr 11, An Egyptian
criminal court sentenced Mohammed Soltan (27), a dual US-Egyptian
citizen on a months-long hunger strike, to life in prison on charges
of financing an anti-government sit-in and spreading false news. He
was arrested in August 2013, when security forces came looking for
his father at his house. They didn't find the father at the time,
but arrested him instead. The court also sentenced Mohamed Badie,
leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and 13 other senior
members of the group to death for inciting chaos and violence, and
gave a life term to a US-Egyptian citizen for ties to the
(AP, 4/11/15) (Reuters,
2015 Apr 11, Egyptian
jihadists, who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group, posted
a video online overnight appearing to show them shooting dead an
Egyptian soldier and beheading another captive.
2015 Apr 12, In Egypt a
roadside attack on an armored military vehicle in the town of Sheikh
Zuweid North Sinai, killed six soldiers and wounded two others.
Hours later a suicide truck bombing at a police station in El-Arish
killed 8 people.
(Reuters, 4/12/15)(AFP, 4/13/15)
2015 Apr 13, In Egypt separate
militant attacks in the Sinai Peninsula killed one soldier and
2015 Apr 15, In Egypt a Cairo
criminal court jailed deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi's
former chief of staff for three years after he was convicted of
abusing his powers. Refaa al-Tahtawi had been charged with hiring
someone banned from public service. An official said a roadside bomb
has exploded in a Nile Delta city, killing two Military Academy
students and wounding five other people.
(AFP, 4/15/15)(AP, 4/15/15)
2015 Apr 19, An Egyptian court
sentenced 11 football fans to death after a retrial over a February
2012 stadium riot in Port Said that left 74 people dead. An appeals
court had ordered the retrial of 73 defendants in February last year
after rejecting a lower court verdict sentencing 21 people to death
for being involved in the incident.
2015 Apr 20, An Egyptian court
sentenced 22 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death over an
attack on a police station in a district outside Cairo in 2013.
2015 Apr 21, In Egypt Muslim
Brotherhood leader Mohamed Mursi was sentenced to 20 years in prison
without parole on charges arising from the killing of protesters,
nearly three years after he became the country’s first freely
elected president. 12 other Brotherhood members were also sentenced
to 20 years on charges of violence, kidnapping and torture stemming
from the killing of protesters in 2012.
2015 Apr 24, In Egypt 4
Islamists were killed in an accidental explosion while preparing
bombs on a farm in the province of Beni Suef south of Cairo.
2015 Apr 29, An Egyptian court
jailed 69 Islamists for life for torching a church near Cairo in
August 2013, as anger flared over a crackdown on supporters of
ousted president Mohamed Morsi.
2015 Apr 29, The leaders of
Cyprus, Egypt and Greece agreed to step up cooperation on combatting
terrorism amid fears that worsening security conditions in
neighboring countries such as Libya could threaten the region.
2015 Apr 30, Spain's King
Felipe VI hosted Egypt’s Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for lunch in
Madrid after the interior ministers from both nations signed an
agreement to boost cooperation against illegal immigration,
terrorism and organized crime.
2015 Apr, In Egypt a Bedouin
woman (32) was kidnapped from her single-storey, stone house in the
Sinai village of al-Taweela. The kidnappers had identified
themselves as Sinai Province, the most lethal Islamist group in
Egypt. The following day villagers found the woman's body nearby
with two gunshots in the head and a cut through her neck. She had
been raped and a note found with the body said the woman had been
killed because she had cooperated with the Egyptian army.
2015 May 4, An Egyptian court
sentenced to death five men convicted of killing 13 policemen in a
town near Cairo during a deadly security crackdown on ousted
president Mohamed Morsi's supporters on August 14, 2013.
2015 May 6, The Egyptian
military shot dead 3 Palestinian gunmen who infiltrated through a
smuggling tunnel in the Sinai town of Rafah. One policeman was
killed and five others wounded in clashes with supporters of ousted
Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in a Nile Delta city.
2015 May 9, An Egyptian court
sentenced former president Hosni Mubarak and his two sons to three
years in jail without parole in the retrial of a corruption case. 3
policemen and a retired officer were shot dead by gunmen in separate
incidents in the Sinai peninsula.
(Reuters, 5/9/15)(AFP, 5/9/15)
2015 May 13, In Egypt 4
soldiers died when a bomb they were trying to diffuse exploded near
Rafah. An anti-tank mine nearby killed 4 Bedouin tribesmen.
2015 May 16, An Egyptian court
sentenced former president Mohamed Morsi to death for his role in a
mass jailbreak during the 2011 uprising that ousted former president
Hosni Mubarak. Over 100 others were also sentenced to death. Gunmen
killed two judges and a prosecutor in the Sinai Peninsula.
2015 May 17, Egyptian
authorities hanged 6 men convicted of killing soldiers, ignoring
appeals to spare them amid allegations two of them had been in
custody at the time of their alleged crimes in early 2014.
2015 May 18, Egyptian officials
said gunmen on a motorbike shot dead a policeman in Belbeis and that
two suspects in a failed bomb attack targeting a judge were killed
in a shoot-out with police in a Cairo suburb.
2015 May 19, Egyptian security
police killed engineering student Islam Ateto. A preliminary
forensic report later showed Ateto died from five gunshot wounds.
Security officials insisted Ateto was an Islamic militant belonging
to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group and was wanted over the
killing of a police officer last month.
2015 May 19, The Paris-based
International Federation of Human Rights released a report that
accused the "Egyptian police, National Security Intelligence
officers and the military" of abusing detainees with "sexual
violence, including rape, sexual assault, rape with objects,
electrocution of genitalia, sex-based defamation and blackmail".
2015 May 25, In Egypt fighting
near the northern Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweyid pitted troops against
Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, militants who pledged allegiance to the
Islamic State group last year. One conscript was killed and one
2015 May 25, Five African
migrants drowned after jumping into the Mediterranean as Egyptian
coastguards raided a boat heading towards Italy.
2015 May 26, Egypt reopened its
Rafah border crossing with Gaza for two days.
2015 May 29, In Egypt 16 people
were killed, all but three of them policemen, in a collision between
a police vehicle and a truck south of Cairo.
2015 May 30, Egyptian
authorities freed Mohammed Soltan, an Egyptian-American, forcing him
to renounce his Egyptian citizenship as a precondition of his
release. He had been convicted on charges of financing an
anti-government sit-in and sentenced to life in prison. Soltan (27)
was on hunger strike for over a year.
2015 May 31, In Egypt suspected
Islamic militants blew up a natural gas pipeline outside el-Arish,
the provincial capital of North Sinai.
2015 May, Tramadol, an opioid
described as a painkiller was reported to be Egypt’s favorite drug.
Its price had recendtly risen from .15-.30 cents to $1-$3 per pill.
(Econ., 4/18/15, p.43)
2015 Jun 6, An Egyptian court
quashed a February decision by another tribunal branding the
Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas a "terrorist" group.
2015 Jun 8, In Egypt two
militant attacks in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula have
killed one soldier and wounded four.
2015 Jun 9, Egypt, the Arab
world's most populous country, said it aims to reduce the country's
surging fertility rate to 2.4 over the next 15 years, from its
current rate of 3.5.
2015 Jun 10, In Egypt a suicide
bomber blew himself up just steps away from the ancient Egyptian
temple of Karnak in Luxor. Security at Karnak thwarted what would
have been a worse attack, by preventing the suicide bomber from
entering the temple complex and battling two gunmen who were with
him, killing one and capturing the other.
2015 Jun 10, African leaders
meeting at Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, signed a 26-nation free trade
pact to create a common market that would span half the continent
from Cairo to Cape Town. The Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) deal
must still be fine-tuned and ratified. The deal will integrate three
existing trade blocs -- the East African Community, the Southern
African Development Community and the Common Market for Eastern and
Southern Africa (COMESA).
2015 Jun 11, An Egyptian court
sentenced police officer Lt. Yassin Hatem Salahedeen (24) to 15
years in jail over the shooting of leftist female protester Shaima
al-Sabbagh (34) during a peaceful rally last January 24.
(AFP, 6/11/15)(SFC, 6/12/15, p.A2)
2015 Jun 13, Egypt opened the
Rafah border crossing to allow Palestinians to travel in and out of
the Gaza Strip for the first time in three months.
2015 Jun 14, In Egypt 25 people
were killed and 29 others injured in two separate road accidents.
Poor road and traffic regulations here kill thousands each year.
2015 Jun 15, Egypt and China
signed an agreement for $10 billion-worth of new projects.
(Econ, 6/20/15, p.47)
2015 Jun 16, An Egyptian court
sentenced deposed President Mohamed Mursi to death over a mass jail
break during the country's 2011. The general guide of the Muslim
Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie, and four other Brotherhood leaders were
also handed the death penalty. More than 80 others were sentenced to
death in absentia. The verdicts can be appealed.
2015 Jun 17, Egypt's president
issued a decree pardoning 165 people, mostly youths convicted of
breaking protest laws and misdemeanors ahead of the holy month of
2015 Jun 18, It was reported
that Egyptian security agencies are increasingly detaining activists
and students in secret and holding them without official record of
their arrest. More than 160 such disappearances have been tracked in
the last two months.
(SFC, 6/18/15, p.A2)
2015 Jun 20, In Germany
Al-Jazeera journalist Ahmed Mansour (52) was arrested at a Berlin
airport, after Germany acted on an international arrest warrant
issued by his native country Egypt. An Egyptian court had sentenced
Mansour in absentia in 2014 to 15 years in prison, for "torturing a
lawyer in 2011 on Tahrir Square" in Cairo, epicenter of an
anti-regime uprising that brought down former president Hosni
Mubarak. Mansour was soon released without charges.
(AFP, 6/21/15)(Reuters, 6/22/15)
2015 Jun 26, In Egypt Mostafa
Massouny (26), a video editor, disappeared while getting food in
(Econ, 1/23/16, p.41)
2015 Jun 29, Egypt's top public
prosecutor, Hisham Barakat (64), died of wounds sustained in a car
bomb attack on his convoy as it was leaving his Cairo home in a
marked escalation of Islamist militant attacks on the judiciary. In
2016 Egypt accused exiled Muslim Brotherhood officials of conspiring
with Gaza-based Hamas militants to assassinate Barakat and arrested
14 people in connection with the attack.
(Reuters, 6/29/15)(Reuters, 3/6/16)
2015 Jun 30, In Egypt a bomb
blast near a Cairo police station killed 3 people.
(SFC, 7/1/15, p.A2)
2015 Jul 1, In Egypt Islamic
State militants launched a wide-scale coordinated assault on several
military checkpoints in the North Sinai. The army later said 21
troops and 90 militants were killed, but security officials and
media reports said 60-70 soldiers and some 100 militants died in the
(Reuters, 7/1/15)(AP, 7/2/15)(Econ, 7/11/15,
2015 Jul 2, The Egyptian
military killed 23 extremists in dawn raids in northern Sinai, a day
after Islamic militants attacked army positions in the restive
peninsula and set off the bloodiest fighting in decades.
2015 Jul 6, Egypt’s military
said it had killed 241 militants in the Sinai between July 1 and 5,
while losing 21 soldiers in jihadist attacks.
2015 Jul 8, In Egypt 5
civilians were killed when a mortar round hit a house in a North
Sinai village where the army is battling jihadist insurgents.
2015 Jul 10, In Egypt 4
children and a woman were killed when a mortar round crashed into
their home in Sheikh Zuweid, near North Sinai's main town of
2015 Jul 10, Omar Sharif (83),
Egyptian-born actor, died in Cairo. He soared to international
stardom in movie epics "Lawrence of Arabia" and "Doctor Zhivago".
2015 Jul 11, In Egypt the
Islamic State claimed responsibility for a car bomb attack at the
Italian consulate in Cairo. One person was killed.
2015 Jul 15, Egypt’s military
foiled an attempted attack on a military post on a highway linking
Cairo with the Red Sea coast. The driver of a car that was carrying
500 kg (1,100 pounds) of dynamite refused to stop at a checkpoint,
drawing fire from the troops. The car then swerved off the road and
the driver was killed.
2015 Jul 16, An Egyptian navy
vessel was targeted by militants affiliated with the Islamic State
group, who said they destroyed it with a rocket while it was
anchored off the Sinai peninsula's Mediterranean coast.
2015 Jul 17, Egyptian security
forces and Muslim Brotherhood supporters traded gunfire that killed
at least 6 people after clashes erupted during a demonstration in
(AP, 7/17/15)(SFC, 7/18/15, p.A3)
2015 Jul 18, Egypt’s military
reportedly killed 59 militants during operations in the Sinai
Peninsula. At least 7 government soldiers were killed.
2015 Jul 22, Former Egyptian PM
Ahmed Nazif, who served under ousted president Hosni Mubarak, was
sentenced to five years in jail on graft charges in a retrial.
2015 Jul 22, In Egypt at least
21 people celebrating an engagement were killed on the Nile north of
Cairo late today when a cargo ship hit their chartered boat. The
death toll soon rose to 36.
(AFP, 7/23/15)(AFP, 7/26/15)
2015 Jul 22, In Egypt Tomislav
Salopek (30) of Croatia was captured in Cairo by Islamic State
2015 Jul 23, In Egypt’s
northern Sinai one officer and 3 soldiers died when their armored
vehicle hit the bomb in Rafah. Clashes with militants then ensued,
killing a fifth soldier.
2015 Jul 25, In Egypt the first
cargo ships passed through the New Suez Canal in a test-run before
it opens next month. Construction of another canal near the East
Port Said port on the Mediterranean Sea would begin as soon as the
New Suez Canal had been inaugurated on August 6.
2015 Jul 25, In Egypt a sniper
killed a police conscript on the grounds of a police station in the
restive northern Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweid.
2015 Jul 26, In Egypt a
roadside bombing in the Sinai Peninsula wounded 18 police
conscripts. The Egyptian Islamic State affiliate claimed
responsibility for the attack.
2015 Jul 30, The United States
began delivery of eight F-16 fighter jets to Egypt, the first since
Washington fully lifted in March a freeze on arms delivery.
2015 Aug 4, In Egypt militants
in the restive northern Sinai shelled a house near a security
checkpoint early today, killing an entire family of 5 members inside
it and wounding nine of their neighbors.
2015 Aug 5, A video purportedly
released by the Islamic State threatened to kill a Croatian hostage
if Egyptian authorities do not release Muslim women held in prison
within 48 hours. Tomislav Salopek (30) said he was captured on July
(SFC, 8/6/15, p.A2)
2015 Aug 6, Egyptian President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi staged a lavish ceremony to unveil a "new" Suez
Canal, seeking to boost the country's economy and international
standing by expanding the vital waterway.
2015 Aug 8, In Egypt gunmen
killed a policeman southwest of Cairo.
2015 Aug 9, In Egypt a roadside
bomb hit a police armored vehicle in the northern part of the Sinai
Peninsula, killing an officer and a conscript and wounding three
2015 Aug 10, In Egypt a small
bomb exploded near a traffic post in Cairo wounding four policemen,
two of them seriously, in an attack claimed by a Cairo-based
2015 Aug 10, In Egypt 19 people
died when temperatures reached around 40 degrees Celsius (100
degrees Fahrenheit) in the country's north. A day earlier the
heatwave killed 21 people. The heatwave killed at least 61 people
across Egypt from Aug 9 to Aug 11 and caused nearly 600 people to be
admitted to hospital
(AP, 8/11/15)(Reuters, 8/12/15)
2015 Aug 12, Islamic State
sympathizers circulated an image that appears to show the grisly
aftermath of the beheading of Tomislav Salopek, a Croatian hostage
abducted in Egypt.
2015 Aug 13, Egypt's health
minister said 17 more people have died due to an "unprecedented"
heat wave, raising this week's death toll to 76.
2015 Aug 13, In Egypt police
Lieutenant Colonel Amr Farouk was sentenced to a reduced five years
in jail in a re-trial over the deaths of 37 Islamist prisoners being
transported to jail in an overcrowded van in August, 2013. Three
other officers again received suspended terms.
2015 Aug 15, Egypt's state news
said the scorching heatwave over the past week has killed at least
93 people. Temperatures were expected to be high in the coming days.
By August 18 the death toll reached 106.
(AP, 8/15/15)(AP, 8/18/15)
2015 Aug 16, Egypt's President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi boosted police and judicial powers with a new
anti-terrorism law that also imposes hefty fines for "false" media
2015 Aug 20, In Egypt Islamic a
car bombing wounded 30 people, including 8 policemen, near a state
security building and courthouse in a Cairo suburb. Islamic State's
Egypt affiliate (Sinai Province) said it was behind the car bombing.
2015 Aug 22, Egypt's state-run
news agency said Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie and 16
others have been sentenced to life in prison on charges related to
the killing of five people in an attack on a police station in 2013.
2015 Aug 24, In Egypt a bomb
struck a bus carrying policemen, killing 3 and wounding 33 in the
Nile Delta province of Baheira.
2015 Aug 26, In Egypt three
gunmen in a speeding car shot and killed 2 policemen in the restive
northeastern part of the Sinai Peninsula.
2015 Aug 29, An Egyptian court
sentenced three Al-Jazeera English journalists to three years in
prison. Peter Greste, Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohammed were all
arrested in December 2013 on terrorism-related charges.
2015 Aug 30, Italian energy
giant ENI announced the discovery of the "largest ever" offshore
natural gas field in the Mediterranean inside Egypt's territorial
waters. The Zohr field would meet Egypt's own natural gas demands
(AFP, 8/30/15)(Econ, 8/19/17, p.40)
2015 Aug, Egypt began digging
18 fisheries along the 9-mile border with Gaza to grow mullet fish
and shrimp and to make digging underground tunnels impossible.
(SFC, 9/1/15, p.A3)
2015 Sep 3, An Egyptian court
said that female singers Bardis and Shakira promoted indecency in
their music videos and sentenced both to six months in prison.
(SFC, 9/4/15, p.A2)
2015 Sep 7, Egypt's agriculture
minister Salah el-Din Helal was detained shortly after tendering his
resignation amid a corruption investigation.
2015 Sep 7, In Egypt a roadside
bomb struck a military vehicle in the restive northern Sinai,
killing an officer and a conscript and wounding five soldiers.
2015 Sep 10, Egypt’s military
reported killing 48 militants in four days in an operation in
northern Sinai dubbed "The Right of The Martyr."
2015 Sep 11, Egypt’s army said
a woman and child were killed in a car bomb, and four soldiers died
in a separate explosion in the northern Sinai Peninsula, where the
military is engaged in a sweeping campaign against jihadists.
2015 Sep 12, Egyptian President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi accepted the resignation of the government
under PM Ibrahim Mehleb after it was rocked by a corruption scandal,
and tasked oil minister Sharif Ismail with forming a new cabinet.
(AFP, 9/12/15)(Econ, 9/19/15, p.44)
2015 Sep 14, Egyptian security
forces killed 12 people and wounded 10 "by accident" when they
mistook a convoy of mostly Mexican tourists for a group of militants
they were hunting in the desert. The dead included 8 Mexicans.
(Reuters, 9/14/15)(SFC, 9/16/15, p.A2)
2015 Sep 19, In Egypt
unidentified assailants gunned down police General Ahmed Abdel Satar
on the street in the North Sinai provincial capital El-Arish, a
stronghold of the Islamic State group.
2015 Sep 21, Egyptian troops
killed 10 militants near the Bahriyah Oasis in the country's western
desert — an area where Egyptian forces earlier this month mistakenly
attacked a group of Mexican tourists.
2015 Sep 23, Egypt's President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi pardoned 100 prisoners including three Al
Jazeera television journalists, a day before he plans to head to the
annual UN summit of world leaders.
2015 Sep 23, Egypt agreed to
buy two Mistral warships which France built for Russia before
scrapping the sale over the Ukraine crisis, showing Paris
increasingly values Cairo as a stable partner in a chaotic region.
2015 Sep 25, Egyptian security
forces killed 9 armed members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood in
a raid on a Cairo home.
2015 Sep 26, In Egypt 2
soldiers were killed by a roadside car bomb in northern Sinai.
2015 Sep, Egypt sent 800 men to
Yemen to join the Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthi rebels.
(Econ, 9/12/15, p.45)
2015 Oct 2, The head of Egypt's
Cairo University said a recent decision to ban female staff from
wearing the full face veil aims to put an end to student complaints
of "poor communication" in class.
2015 Oct 3, In Egypt 2 were
shot dead in the bastion of the Islamic State group in the Sinai
2015 Oct 10, Egypt signed a
deal with France to buy two Mistral warships originally ordered by
Russia as French PM Manuel Valls began an Arab tour.
2015 Oct 15, The Egyptian pound
weakened by 10 piasters to 7.93 per dollar after the central bank
reduced its price in an auction by the same amount to 7.83 per
2015 Oct 15, Egypt, Japan,
Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay were elected to the UN Security Council
during an uncontested vote for the non-permanent seats.
2015 Oct 18, Egyptians trickled
in to polling stations to elect a new parliament that will tighten
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's grip on power after he crushed all
opposition since ousting his Islamist predecessor.
2015 Oct 19, Egyptians largely
stayed away from parliamentary elections for a second day,
highlighting growing disillusionment since the army seized power in
2015 Oct 22, Egyptian
authorities arrested businessman Hassan Malik, a senior leader and
financier of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. More than 200 lawyers
were reported to be behind bars for defending the government's
(AP, 10/23/15)(Reuters, 10/22/15)
2015 Oct 24, In Egypt gunmen in
North Sinai shot dead Mostafa Abdel Rahman, a candidate for
ultraconservative Salafist Al-Nur party which is seen as
pro-government. A first lieutenant and two soldiers were killed in
an explosion which targeted a police armored vehicle in the northern
Sinai city of el-Arish.
(AFP, 10/24/15)(AP, 10/24/15)
2015 Oct 27, Egyptians voted in
run-off elections for more than 200 parliamentary seats in which no
clear winner emerged in the first round of polls, with candidates
loyal to President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi widely expected to dominate.
2015 Oct 31, Egypt's
prosecution referred to trial the editor-in-chief for Egypt's top
literary magazine and writer Ahmed Naji for publishing sexually
explicit material and allegedly violating public morals.
2015 Oct 31, A Russian airliner
carrying 224 passengers and crew crashed in Egypt's Sinai peninsula
after losing radar contact and plummeting from its cruising
altitude, killing all aboard. The Airbus A321 was operated by
Russian airline Kogalymavia under the brand name Metrojet. Egyptian
security sources said early investigations suggested the plane
crashed due to a technical fault. A militant group affiliated to
Islamic State in Egypt claimed responsibility for the downing of the
plane. On Jan 29, 2016 an EgyptAir mechanic, whose cousin joined
Islamic State in Syria, was reported as a suspect in planting a bomb
on the Russian plane.
(Reuters, 10/31/15)(AP, 1/29/16)
2015 Nov 4, In Egypt a suicide
bomber detonated a truck full of explosives at the main gate of a
police club in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at
least 3 police and wounding 10 others in an attack claimed by the
Islamic State group.
2015 Nov 5, Egypt opened three
tombs in the ancient city of Luxor to the public for the first time,
hoping to spur interest in tourism despite the shadow of last
weekend's airline crash in the Sinai Peninsula.
2015 Nov 6, A spokesman for
Russian President Vladimir Putin said all flights to Egypt will be
suspended until proper security is in place there.
2015 Nov 6, Turkish Airlines
canceled flights to Sharm al-Sheikh in Egypt on Friday and Saturday
nights over security concerns.
2015 Nov 7, A British official
said Britain hopes to return all of its stranded tourists from Sharm
al-Sheikh within 10 days.
2015 Nov 7, Russian Federal Air
Transport Agency said it will send 44 planes to repatriate its
nationals from two Egyptian Red Sea resorts. Around 80,000 Russians
were stranded in Egypt.
(AFP, 11/7/15)(Reuters, 11/7/15)
2015 Nov 8, In Egypt Ashraf Ali
Hassanein Gharabli, a top commander of a local Islamic State
affiliate, died in a firefight that erupted when police tried to
arrest him in the El-Marg district of Cairo.
2015 Nov 13, Russia said it has
banned incoming flights by Egypt's state-owned airline effective as
of Nov 14.
2015 Nov 15, In Egypt 15
Sudanese migrants, about to illegally enter Israel from the Sinai
Peninsula, were killed as they were caught up in the crossfire of a
gun battle between Egyptian security forces and Bedouin smugglers.
(AP, 11/15/15)(SFC, 11/16/15, p.A2)
2015 Nov 16, Egypt said its
security forces have shot dead 24 militants belonging to the
country's Islamic State affiliate in central Sinai, 70 km from the
crash site of a Russian passenger plane the group claimed it brought
2015 Nov 17, Egypt said it
would take into account Russia's conclusion that a bomb brought down
a passenger plane over the Sinai Peninsula on Oct 31, but its
investigation had so far found no evidence of criminal action.
2015 Nov 17, The head of
Russia's FSB security service said a homemade explosive device
brought down a Russian passenger plane over Egypt last month.
President Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian navy in the
Mediterranean to establish contact with its French counterparts and
(AP, 11/17/15)(AFP, 11/17/15)
2015 Nov 19, Russia signed two
agreements to finance and build Egypt's first nuclear power plant,
in a ceremony attended by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
2015 Nov 22, Egyptians voted
across 13 of the country's 27 provinces in the second phase of
elections meant to restore parliament after a more than three-year
gap, but which critics say have been undermined by widespread
(Reuters, 11/22/15)(AFP, 11/22/15)
2015 Nov 23, Egypt's PM Sherif
Ismail granted government workers a half-day off in a bid to boost
the low voter turnout on the final day of the second stage of
2015 Nov 23, Egyptian security
officials said 6 Sudanese migrants were killed and 17 wounded during
a gun battle between security forces and smugglers as they tried to
illegally enter Israel from Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.
2015 Nov 24, In Egypt an
elaborate militant attack, involving a suicide car bombing and
claimed by Islamic State group, targeted a hotel in El-Arish,
killing 4 policemen, 2 judges and a civilian in the restive north of
the Sinai Peninsula.
(AP, 11/24/15)(AFP, 11/25/15)
2015 Nov 28, In Egypt a
drive-by shooting killed 4 police near a famed historic site on the
outskirts of Cairo.
2015 Nov 28, Egypt said there
is a 90 percent chance that hidden chambers will be found within
King Tutankhamun's tomb, based on the preliminary results of a new
exploration of the 3,300-year-old mausoleum.
2015 Nov, The Egyptian military
destroyed 20 underground tunnels this month along the border with
the Gaza Strip.
2015 Dec 3, Egypt's top court
ordered a retrial of Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie and
thirty-six co-defendants, overturning a death sentence for Islamist
2015 Dec 3, Egypt opened its
border with the Gaza Strip for the first time in months, drawing
thousands of Palestinians who crowded the Rafah border crossing in
hopes of leaving the coastal territory.
2015 Dec 4, In Egypt a Molotov
cocktail hurled at a Cairo restaurant killed 16 people and wounded
two. The attacker was said to be a fired employee.
2015 Dec 6, Israel's
state-owned electric utility said Egyptian natural gas companies
will pay it compensation of $1.76 billion plus interest for halting
gas supplies in 2012.
2015 Dec 12, In Egypt a Cairo
court convicted two officers for the torture and murder of a
detained lawyer in an eastern Cairo slum. National security officers
Omar Mahmoud and Mohamed el-Anwar were sentenced in absentia to five
years in prison each for beating lawyer Karim Hamdi to death last
2015 Dec 13, Amnesty
International said Egypt must immediately release Mazen Mohamed
Abdallah (14), who says he was sexually abused in detention by
police using a wooden stick and bring his alleged torturers to
2015 Dec 22, An Egyptian
military court sentenced Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie to
10 years in prison over deadly clashes following the 2013 ouster of
Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
2015 Dec 24, In Egypt a
roadside bomb struck a police vehicle near a town in the Sinai
Peninsula, killing a policeman and wounding two others.
2015 Dec 24, Egyptian border
guards reportedly opened fire killing a mentally disabled Gazan who
tried to get across the border between Egypt and the coastal strip.
Hasan Izhaq was harmless and naked and trying to cross the coastal
2015 Dec 27, An Egyptian
military spokesman says that security forces chased two militants as
they fled on a motorcycle, killing one and injuring another in the
provincial capital of el-Arish. In another incident military forces
pursued a third militant near Mount Halal, leading to his death amid
2015 Dec 27, In Egypt an
explosion in Cairo's twin city of Giza killed 3 people, including a
senior judge, and injured 11 believed to be the result of a gas
2015 Dec 29, Egypt, Ethiopia,
and Sudan signed an agreement finalizing the two firms tasked with
carrying out studies on the potential impact of Ethiopia's $4.8
billion Grand Renaissance Dam on the flow of the Nile.
(Reuters, 12/29/15)(Econ, 1/16/16, p.49)
2015 Dec 29, Egyptian judicial
officials said a court has reduced the jail term for Islam
al-Behairy (Behery), a controversial Muslim scholar convicted of
insulting Islam on his television show from five years to one.
(AFP, 12/29/15)(SFC, 12/30/15, p.A2)
2015 Dec 30, In Egypt a program
that had been giving free basic Internet services to over three
million Egyptians was shut down. Facebook said it hoped to "resolve
this situation soon" so the program, which it had launched with
Etisalat Egypt some two months ago, could be restored.
2015 Dec 31, In Egypt a couple
and their 3 children, including a five-year-old girl, were killed
when shelling hit their house in Rafah, North Sinai. It was unclear
who fired the projectile.
2015 Dec 31, In Egypt a small
ferry boat sank late today in the Nile Delta province of Kafr
el-Sheikh. At least 15 people were killed and two remained missing.
2015 Dec, Egypt cancelled the
results of student council elections in the country’s
universities after pro-revolution candidates won across the
(Econ, 1/9/16, p.39)
2015 Egypt destroyed thousands
of homes in Rafah this year to stop the smuggling of weapons and
fighters from Gaza.
(Econ, 4/8/17, p.41)
2015 Egypt ranked 112th on the
World Bank’s ease-of-doing-business index. In order to start a
business investors needed permits from 78 different agencies.
(Econ, 5/16/15, p.43)
2016 Jan 8, In Egypt an elderly
Austrian couple and a young Swedish man were hospitalized after the
assault at the Bella Vista hotel in the Red Sea resort of Hurghada.
Police shot dead one of the knife-wielding attackers and wounded
another. On Dec 25 Egypt sentenced to life two men linked to the
Islamic State group for plotting the attack on the Red Sea resort
(AFP, 1/9/16)(AFP, 12/25/16)
2016 Jan 10, Egypt’s first
legislature in more than three years held its inaugural session. The
596-seat chamber was packed with supporters of Pres. el-Sissi.
(SFC, 1/11/16, p.A4)
2016 Jan 10, Arab foreign
ministers meeting in Egypt accused Iran of interfering in the
affairs of other Middle East states and undermining regional
security, as officials met at an emergency Arab League session to
discuss escalating tensions in the region.
2016 Jan 20, In Egypt gunmen
killed 5 policemen at a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula, in the
latest attack claimed by the Islamic State group.
2016 Jan 21, China signed
agreements to invest nearly $18 billion in Egypt as President Xi
began a three-day visit. Xi’s Middle East tour will include a stop
2016 Jan 21, In Egypt a blast
in Cairo killed 5 policemen, one civilian and an unidentified man.
An affiliate of the jihadist Islamic State group soon claimed
2016 Jan 24, In Egypt gunmen on
a motorcycle opened fire on a checkpoint, killing two policemen and
a bystander near the town of Fakous in the Nile Delta province of
Sharkiya on the eve of the anniversary of the 2011 uprising.
2016 Jan 25, In Egypt Mohammed
Hamdan (32), a government engineer, turned up dead. The Interior
Ministry announced that security forces killed Hamdan in a
gun-battle that day while raiding a farmhouse where he was hiding.
Hamdan had disappeared weeks earlier. Witnesses said masked police
burst into his office in the southern city of Beni Suef and dragged
him off in handcuffs in front of his co-workers.
2016 Jan 25, Giulio Regeni
(28), an Italian Cambridge University PhD student, mysteriously
disappeared in Cairo. On Feb 3 his corpse was found on the outskirts
of Cairo. Regeni's body was stabbed repeatedly and exhibited
cigarette burns and other signs of torture. Regeni had written
articles critical of the Egyptian government, An autopsy later
showed he was interrogated for up to seven days before he was
(AFP, 2/4/16)(AP, 2/11/16)(Reuters, 3/1/16)
2016 Jan 27, In Egypt at least
4 army soldiers were killed and 12 injured in the Sinai Peninsula
after an armored personnel carrier exploded on the outskirts of the
city of Arish.
2016 Jan 27, Al-Jazeera said it
is suing Egypt over its crackdown on the Qatar-owned broadcaster's
activists and journalists following the 2013 overthrow of Islamist
President Mohammed Morsi.
2016 Jan 29, In Egypt a bomb
blast killed two police officers and wounded five others in an
attack on their armoured vehicle in the Sinai Peninsula.
2016 Jan 30, In Egypt a
homemade bomb in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula
killed 2 soldiers and wounded two other military men.
2016 Jan 31, Two Egyptian
policemen and two soldiers were killed in two bombing attacks in the
country's restive Sinai Peninsula.
2016 Feb 3, Egyptian security
forces killed two suspected Islamist militants during clashes in the
upscale Cairo district of Maadi.
2016 Feb 4, The UN children's
agency released a report saying at least 200 million girls and women
in 30 countries are estimated to have undergone female circumcision
— half of them in Egypt, Ethiopia and Indonesia.
2016 Feb 11, In Egypt at least
69 people were injured when a train derailed and two of its cars
overturned as it was travelling north toward Cairo.
2016 Feb 12, Thousands of
Egypt's doctors staged a rare protest against police abuses after
accusations two doctors were beaten up by policemen in a Cairo
2016 Feb 13, Egypt opened the
Rafah crossing to the Gaza Strip for two days. A few hundred people
were expected to be able to pass through during that time.
2016 Feb 16, In Egypt Boutros
Boutros-Ghali (93), the first UN chief from the African continent,
died in Cairo. He helped negotiate Egypt's landmark peace deal with
Israel but then clashed with the United States when he served a
single term as UN secretary-general (1992-1996).
2016 Feb 17, Mohamed Heikal
(b.1923), one of Egypt's most prolific political authors and a
confidant of the country's socialist president in the 1950s and
1960s, died in Cairo. Nasser's successor, Anwar Sadat, sidelined
Heikal shortly after he took office in 1971 and a decade later, in
1981, jailed him along with hundreds of government critics.
2016 Feb 18, Disgruntled
Egyptians beat up a policeman, blocked roads, and surrounded the
local security headquarters late today after the officer killed a
driver in a dispute over a fare for a ride in Cairo. Police Sergeant
Mostafa Abdel Haseeb shot tuk-tuk driver Mohamed Ismail (25) fatally
in the head following a dispute. On April 2 Haseeb was sentenced to
(AP, 2/19/16)(Reuters, 4/2/16)
2016 Feb 18, The Egyptian
branch of the Islamic State group posted pictures online of what it
says was the execution of two men caught spying for the army in the
2016 Feb 20, An Egyptian
appeals court ordered the jailing of author Ahmed Naji for two years
for publishing in a literary magazine a sexually explicit excerpt of
his novel that prosecutors said violated public morals. The trial
stemmed from a complaint filed by a private citizen after Akhbar
al-Adab magazine published an excerpt from Naji's novel, "The Use of
Life," in August 2014.
2016 Feb 20, African leaders
and bankers turned out at an economic summit in Egypt, vowing to
push for trade and investments on the continent despite growing
security concerns in the region.
2016 Feb 25, In southern Egypt
a court convicted four Coptic teenagers of contempt for Islam after
they appeared in a video mocking Muslim prayers. Three were
sentenced to five years in prison each while the fourth was referred
to a juvenile facility for being under the age of 18.
2016 Mar 2, An Egyptian
military court handed down seven death sentences for an April 2015
bombing that killed 2 army cadets as they waited to board a bus. The
court in Alexandria also sentenced five people to life in prison,
which in Egypt means 25 years.
2016 Mar 3, Egypt extradited
Frenchman Christophe Naudin to the Dominican Republic for his
alleged involvement in the escape of two pilots jailed in a drugs
case dubbed "Air Cocaine".
2016 Mar 6, In Egypt gunmen
shot dead two wounded members of the security forces in an ambulance
after they had been injured by a bombing in the Sinai Peninsula.
2016 Mar 8, Egyptian security
forces fired tear gas to disperse taxi drivers, who blocked a major
road in Cairo, to protest Uber and other car-hailing applications.
2016 Mar 12, A delegation of
Hamas leaders from the Gaza Strip entered neighboring Egypt, seeking
to patch up relations which soured with the 2013 overthrow of
Islamist Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi.
2016 Mar 17, In Egypt
explosions rocked the northern Sinai town of Rafah as militants
struck a weapons depot, killing at least 5 soldiers and injuring 10
2016 Mar 17, Egypt’s
antiquities minister said scans of King Tut’s burial chamber have
revealed two hidden rooms.
(SFC, 3/18/16, p.A4)
2016 Mar 19, In Egypt a
checkpoint near North Sinai's provincial capital of El-Arish was
struck by mortar fire late today, but the Islamic State said a
suicide bomber blew up a car at the police post, which jihadists
then raided. Three officers and 12 policemen were killed in the
2016 Mar 19, In western Saudi
Arabia at least 19 pilgrims died, all of them Egyptian, and 22 were
injured early today when their bus overturned.
2016 Mar 21, Egypt's state-run
news agency said the top judicial disciplinary council has forced 14
judges into early retirement for allegedly supporting the outlawed
Muslim Brotherhood group.
2016 Mar 24, Egyptian police
identified people linked to the murder of Italian student Giulio
Regeni, after killing four members of a criminal gang and finding
the victim's passport at one of their apartments.
2016 Mar 25, Egypt's army
killed 60 gunmen in clashes in the Sinai Peninsula where it is
battling a jihadist insurgency.
2016 Mar 29, EgyptAir flight
MS181 took off from Bourg el-Arab airport just outside Alexandria on
a regular route to Cairo when it was hijacked to Cyprus. Hijacker
Seif Eldin Mustafa wore a fake explosives belt and was taken into
custody after he released all the passengers and crew.
(AP, 3/29/16)(Reuters, 3/29/16)
2016 Mar 30, An Egyptian court
sentenced 23 supporters of Mohamed Morsi to lengthy prison terms
over a violent protest against the Islamist president's ouster in
2016 Apr 6, Egypt-based Nilesat
satellite operator cut transmission of Hezbollah's television
channel Al-Manar amid rising tensions between the Lebanese Shiite
group's backer Iran and Sunni powerhouse Saudi Arabia.
2016 Apr 7, Saudi King Salman
started a five-day visit to Cairo in a show of support for Egyptian
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, with the leaders due to sign a raft
of investment deals.
2016 Apr 8, Saudi King Salman
announced plans to build a bridge over the Red Sea to Egypt, in a
lavish show of support for the government of President Abdel Fattah
2016 Apr 9, Egypt’s government
announced the signing of a maritime demarcation accord that puts two
islands at the southern entrance to the Gulf of Aqaba in Saudi
2016 Apr 11, Cairo Univ.,
Egypt's oldest secular university, granted King Salman of Saudi
Arabia an honorary doctorate for his "unique services" to Arabs and
Muslims, the final function in a five-day visit clouded by
opposition to Cairo's intention to hand over control of two Red Sea
islands to Riyadh.
2016 Apr 15, Egyptian security
forces fired tear gas while thousands gathered in downtown Cairo
chanting "leave, leave!" while protesting President Abdel-Fattah
el-Sissi's decision to hand over two Red Sea islands to Saudi
Arabia, in the first significant wave of street protests since the
former army chief became president in 2014.
2016 Apr 16, In southern Egypt
8 people were killed when a vehicle crashed into a passing train in
2016 Apr 19, In Egypt a riot
erupted in a Cairo suburb after a policeman shot three people after
an argument over the price of a cup of tea, killing one of them. On
Nov 16 a court sentenced the policeman to life in prison.
(Reuters, 4/19/16)(AP, 11/16/16)
2016 Apr 21, The militant Hamas
group deployed forces along the Egypt-Gaza border to counter Cairo's
concerns that it is aiding Islamic State extremists in Egypt's
lawless Sinai Peninsula.
2016 Apr 21, Egyptian security
forces rounded up dozens of activists, journalists, and lawyers
ahead of demonstrations called for April 25 against President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's policies, including the transfer of two Red
Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
2016 Apr 22, The United Arab
Emirates' official news agency reported that Sheikh Khalifa bin
Zayed Al Nahyan has ordered two billion dollars of investment in
Egypt, and will deposit two billion dollars in the Egyptian central
bank to increase its foreign reserves.
2016 Apr 25, Egyptian police
fired tear gas and birdshot to disperse hundreds of demonstrators
calling on President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to step down over his
government's decision to surrender control over two strategic Red
Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. Police arrested at least 237 people
during the protests.
(AP, 4/25/16)(AP, 4/26/16)
2016 Apr 27, In Egypt a
roadside bomb in the North Sinai town of El-Arish targeted an
armored personnel carrier and killed 3 policemen with 8 others
2016 Apr 30, An Egyptian court
sentenced 20 people to life in prison for storming a prison in the
Suez Canal city of Port Said in January 2013. The case stems from a
riot that ensued after a court issued death sentences to people
allegedly involved in Egypt's worst ever soccer violence at a match
in 2012 in violence killed 72 people.
2016 May 1, In Egypt some 650
workers from several provinces, who came to hold a meeting in Cairo
for International Workers' Day, were prevented from assembling by
2016 May 1, Egyptian police
raided the press syndicate in Cairo and arrested two journalists
critical of the government.
2016 May 2, Egypt's
journalists' syndicate called for the dismissal of the interior
minister and an immediate sit-in at its headquarters in downtown
Cairo, to protest the police detention of two journalists on its
premises the night earlier.
2016 May 3, Memos containing
internal instructions from Egypt's Interior Ministry were leaked to
the media, outlining strategies on how to deflect public outrage
over arrests it made inside the journalists' union, handle the media
in general, and deal with the case of an Italian student found
tortured to death.
2016 May 4, An Egyptian court
acquitted former PM Ahmed Nazif (2004-2011) of graft charges in the
latest retrial linked to his time serving under longtime autocrat
Hosni Mubarak. The ruling was final and could not be appealed.
2016 May 7, An Egyptian court
recommended the death sentence against six people, including two
Al-Jazeera employees, for allegedly passing documents related to
national security to Qatar and the Doha-based TV network during the
rule of Islamist president Mohammed Morsi.
2016 May 7, Egyptian police
arrested Ezzedeen Khaled (19), a street performer they accuse of
inciting anti-government protests and releasing an online video
"insulting state institutions." Khaled is member of a satirical
group called Awlad al-Shawarea (Street Children).
2016 May 8, The Egyptian
interior ministry said gunmen killed 8 plainclothes police on the
southern outskirts of Cairo overnight, in an assault claimed by
Islamic State militants.
2016 May 9, In Egypt a fire in
downtown Cairo engulfed a hotel and several nearby buildings killing
at least 3 people.
(SFC, 5/10/16, p.A2)
2016 May 14, In Egypt two Cairo
courts convicted and sentenced to five years in jail a total of 101
protesters for taking part in peaceful, anti-government
demonstrations last month. The sentences were passed hours after
another Cairo court sentenced another 51 protesters to two years in
jail for their part in last month's demonstrations.
2016 May 19, An EgyptAir Airbus
320 jet carrying 66 passengers and crew from Paris to Cairo
disappeared from radar over the Mediterranean south of Greece.
Athens said the plane swerved in mid-air before plunging from
cruising height and vanishing. Greek officials soon reported pieces
of plastic and two life vests found floating some 230 miles south of
Crete. On Dec 15 Egypt’s government reported that traces of
explosives have been found on some of the victims of an EgyptAir
(Reuters, 5/19/16)(AP, 12/15/16)
2016 May 19, Egypt’s official
gazette said Russia will loan Egypt $25 billion to finance building
and operating a nuclear power plant in Egypt.
2016 May 20, In Egypt a group
of Muslims set fire to seven houses belonging to Christians and
stripped a woman (70) naked in the southern province of Minya after
rumors that her Christian son had an affair with a Muslim woman.
2016 May 20, The European Space
Agency (ESA) said that a European satellite has spotted a potential
oil slick in the area of the eastern Mediterranean Sea where an
EgyptAir jet disappeared on May 18 with 66 people on board. The
Egyptian navy said earlier today it had found the personal
belongings of passengers and other debris floating in the
2016 May 23, At the Vatican
Pope Francis met the grand imam of Egypt's highest Islamic
authority, Al-Azhar, looking to heal Vatican relations with the
influential center of Sunni Muslim learning after dialogue was
frozen five years ago.
2016 May 28, In Egypt a girl
(17) died while undergoing female circumcision. Authorities ordered
the hospital closed and referred doctors for prosecution after the
girl died. Female genital mutilation was criminalized in 2008 but
remains widespread in Egypt.
2016 May 29, An Egyptian
military court sentenced eight alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to
death on terrorism charges.
2016 May 30, An Egyptian court
sentenced Mohamed Badie, the Muslim Brotherhood's leader, and 35
other people to life in prison over violent clashes after the army
overthrew Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. Badie has already been
sentenced to death and prison terms in other trials.
2016 May 31, In Egypt a
roadside bomb struck a military armored vehicle in the restive
northern part of the Sinai Peninsula. 6 soldiers were killed an six
2016 Jun 1, Egyptian and French
investigators said a French search vessel has picked up signals from
one of the black boxes of EgyptAir flight MS804, which crashed May
2016 Jun 1, Egypt opened its
border with Gaza for the second time in a month, giving Palestinians
a four-day respite from a closure stemming from friction between
Cairo and the enclave's Islamist rulers.
2016 Jun 6, In Egypt 12
Education Ministry officials were detained after answers to the
final nationwide exams for Arabic and religion were posted on
2016 Jun 7, Egypt's former top
auditor, Hisham Genena, who exposed massive corruption in the
country went on trial before a court in Cairo, charged with
spreading "false news" and "disturbing" the country's security.
2016 Jun 14, An Egyptian court
acquitted 52 protesters charged with taking part in anti-government
demonstrations in April denouncing the president's decision to hand
over two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
2016 Jun 16, A search team
recovered the cockpit voice recorder from the EgyptAir plane that
crashed on May 19 into the Mediterranean last month hours after a
deep-sea robot located pieces of the main body of the plane.
2016 Jun 17, Egyptian
investigators said a second flight recorder has been retrieved from
the crashed EgyptAir flight MS804, containing data from aircraft
systems which could shed light on what brought the plane down last
2016 Jun 18, An Egyptian court
sentenced ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to life in prison
in an espionage trial. The court also sentenced six people,
including two Al-Jazeera employees, to death for allegedly passing
documents related to national security to Qatar and the Doha-based
TV network during the rule of Pres. Morsi.
(AFP, 6/18/16)(AP, 6/18/16)
2016 Jun 18, Adel Mohamed
Sallam (30) left the Albanian port of Durres with an Albanian
captain and another fisherman. The Egyptian man claimed he is owed
70,000 euros ($79,000) in back pay and threatened to sink the boat
together with the two fishermen. The boat owner said he owes no
money to Sallam. On June 29 Albanian authorities said fisherman Luan
Mema was found "in stable health" but that captain Dhimiter Malja
was still missing. Local media said Adel Mohamed Salam was arrested
in Alexandria while three other Egyptians were found at the boat
which he had allegedly sold for 100,000 euros ($110,000).
(AP, 6/23/16)(AP, 6/29/16)
2016 Jun 21, An Egyptian court
rejected a border agreement that would have transferred two Red Sea
islands to Saudi Arabia, and which had sparked street protests in
Cairo. The government has 10 days in which to apply for an
injunction against the ruling and 60 days to appeal it.
2016 Jun 23, Egyptian hijacker
Seif Eddin Mustafa told a Cypriot court that he hijacked the
domestic EgyptAir flight in March intending to seek asylum in Italy
in order to "point the finger" at the Egyptian military regime.
Mustafa claimed he saw Giulio Regeni being interrogated in a
2016 Jun 27, Hundreds of
Egyptian students protested in front of the Education Ministry in
Cairo over the cancellation of some high school exams after the
answers were leaked.
2016 Jun 27, Egypt banned
prominent female activist Mozn Hassan from travelling to a human
rights meeting in Beirut, the latest step in a crackdown on free
speech and dissent.
2016 Jun 28, Lilian Daoud, a
prominent dual British-Lebanese journalist who hosted a talk show
critical of the government of Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah
el-Sissi, arrived in Beirut after authorities in Cairo briefly
detained her and then deported her.
2016 Jun 30, In Egypt Islamist
militants in the Sinai Peninsula gunned down Father Rafael Moussa, a
Christian priest, as he was fixing his car. In a separate attack in
Arish, one policeman was killed and three wounded when an improvised
bomb exploded as their convoy drove near a police station. An
armored vehicle escorting an ambulance to el-Arish was ambushed by
militants leaving one soldier dead.
(Reuters, 6/30/16)(AP, 6/30/16)
2016 Jul 12, An Egyptian court
sentenced six policemen to up to seven years in prison over the
death of detainee Talaat Shabeeb last November in Luxor. Seven
policemen were acquitted. The court also ordered the Interior
Ministry to pay 1.5 million Egyptian pounds ($170,000) to the man's
2016 Jul 12, Human Rights Watch
urged an end to "forced anal examinations" with a report documenting
them in eight countries, mostly in Africa, saying the practice is
based on flawed ideas about supposedly proving homosexual conduct.
The report drew on interviews with 32 men and transgender women
subjected to the exams in eight countries that ban same-sex conduct:
Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda and
2016 Jul 13, The Solar Impulse
2 landed in Cairo for its penultimate stop as the solar-powered
plane nears the end of its marathon tour around the world.
2016 Jul 15, Egypt launched a
program of having Muslim clerics read a standardized
government-written sermon at Friday prayers, a move by the state to
tighten control over religious discourse.
2016 Jul 16, In Egypt a
group of Muslims attacked and torched houses of Christians in the
village of Abu-Yacoub, also in Minya, following a rumor that a
Christian intended to turn a kindergarten into a church. Security
forces arrested at least 14 people.
2016 Jul 17, In Egypt a Muslim
mob attacked the families of two Coptic priests with knives and
batons in the village of Tahna al-Gabal late today. Family member
Fam Khalaf (27) was killed and the father of one of the priests was
2016 Jul 26, In Egypt film
director Mohammed Khan (b.1942) died. His realism shed light on the
country's urban landscape since the 1980s. His 2013 film “Factory
Girl" addressed Egypt's rigid class society.
2016 Jul 28, An Egyptian court
convicted Hesham Genena, the country's former top
anti-corruption official, of "spreading false news," sentencing him
to a year in prison and a fine of 20,000 Egyptian pounds ($2,250)
which, if paid along with an additional 10,000 pounds, will allow
him to avoid incarceration.
2016 Jul, Egypt’s government
carried some 7 million employees. By comparison Britain with 80% of
Egypt’s population had under 500,000 employees.
(Econ, 7/16/16, p.40)
2016 Aug 2, In southern
California Egypt-born chemist Ahmed Zewail (70), a science adviser
to President Obama, died. He won the 1999 Nobel Prize for his work
on the study of chemical reactions over immensely short time scales.
On August 7 Zewail was given a state funeral with military honors in
(AP, 8/3/16)(AFP, 8/7/16)
2016 Aug 5, Egypt's former
Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa, once one of the country's top religious
authorities, survived an assassination attempt. Gomaa is an adherent
of a mystical school of Islam known as Sufism and an outspoken
critic of Islamist groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood.
2016 Aug 9, Egypt's parliament
approved restrictions on the police that will prevent them from
providing information to the media, a move that critics saw as an
attempt to further cover up high-level abuses and corruption.
2016 Aug 11, The International
Monetary Fund said that it had reached an initial agreement to lend
$12 billion to Egypt to bolster an economy battered by years of
2016 Aug 24, In Egypt a
knife-wielding attacker was shot and killed after he stabbed a guard
at the Coptic Virgin Mary church in Cairo's eastern suburb of Nozha.
2016 Aug 25, In Egypt Khaled
Hanafi, the country’s supply minister. He had overseen Egypt’s food
(Econ, 9/3/16, p.43)
2016 Aug 27, An Egyptian court
ordered the release of rights lawyer Malek Adly. He had been held
without charge in solitary confinement for over 100 days after
defying President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
2016 Aug 28, Egypt’s government
reimposed it zero tolerance on wheat with ergot, a common fungus.
Most countries allowed grain with up to .05% ergot.
(Econ, 9/3/16, p.43)
2016 Aug 29, Egypt's parliament
agreed to establish a value-added tax of 13 percent, in a move
authorities hope will generate much-needed state revenue and advance
a reform program supported by loans from the International Monetary
2016 Aug 31, Cyprus and Egypt
signed an agreement that paves the way for the supply of gas to the
Arab nation via an undersea pipeline that officials hope will create
a regional energy hub. The first gas through the new pipeline was
expected to reach Egypt sometime between 2020 and 2022.
2016 Sep 2, Indian PM Narendra
Modi and visiting Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi agreed to
boost cooperation in security and anti-terror efforts calling
terrorism one of the gravest threats their countries face.
2016 Sep 7, An Egyptian court
ordered the conditional release of four members of the satirical
street performance group “Street Children," whose selfie-style video
clips mocked President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
2016 Sep 7, In Egypt a train
went off the tracks south Cairo killing five people.
2016 Sep 17, An Egyptian court
upheld a decision to freeze the assets of several prominent human
rights campaigners. The five activists named in the court ruling
include Gamal Eid and Bahey eldin Hassan, who head two well-known
human rights organizations, as well as investigative reporter Hossam
Bahgat, also the founder of a rights group.
2016 Sep 21, A boat carrying
around 600 people capsized off Egypt's coast. 169 people survived.
Over the next two days 148 bodies were recovered. The boat was
carrying Egyptian, Syrian, and African migrants. The toll rose to
178 after the boat was raised on September 27. The death toll was
later raised to 202.
(Reuters, 9/21/16)(Reuters, 9/22/16)(AP,
9/23/16)(AP, 9/27/16)(Reuters, 3/26/17)
2016 Sep 26, Egypt arrested
three journalists who were conducting street interviews in Cairo
about Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi’s request for small donations of
spare change to fund development programs. A fourth journalist was
arrested a day later as she interviewed Egyptians with postgraduate
degrees protesting for jobs.
(SSFC, 10/2/16, p.A4)
2016 Sep 28, An Egyptian court
sentenced 40 people to life in prison over alleged ties to the
Islamic State group and for helping recruit youth to join the
extremists in Syria and Iraq.
2016 Oct 4, Egypt's security
forces killed Mohammed Kama (61), a senior Muslim Brotherhood
leader, and another member of the outlawed Islamist group in an
overnight shootout at a Cairo apartment. Kamal, a physician by
profession, was killed along with Yasser Shahata Ali Ragab in an
exchange of gunfire as police tried to arrest them.
2016 Oct 8, In Egypt gunmen
shot Gamal al-Deeb, a policeman working with the Homeland Security
agency, eight times outside his home shortly after midnight in
northern Beheira province. The Hasam Movement claimed responsibility
for the killing. Hasam, the Arabic word for decisiveness, has
claimed five other attacks since July.
2016 Oct 12, Egypt's military
announced it will host Russian troops for war games along the
Mediterranean coast, the latest step in the two countries'
rapprochement and another sign of Moscow flexing its muscles in the
2016 Oct 14, In Egypt suspected
Islamic State gunmen killed 12 members of the military in North
Sinai province and wounded six more in an attack on a checkpoint. 15
militants were reported killed in return.
2016 Oct 17, Egypt passed
legislation to crack down on people traffickers linked to a major
surge in the numbers of migrants departing from the country's
Mediterranean coast on often disastrous sea journeys to Europe.
2016 Oct 19, Egypt's highest
court quashed death sentences imposed on 14 Islamists over an attack
on a police station in protest at the military's overthrow in 2013
of then-President Mohamed Mursi. Eight more defendants in the case
were sentenced to death in absentia.
2016 Oct 22, An Egyptian court
confirmed a 20-year prison sentence against former president Mohamed
Mursi. The sentence was for a conviction arising from the killings
of protesters during demonstrations in 2012. Twenty-year jail
sentences were also confirmed against other senior figures from the
then-ruling Muslim Brotherhood, including Mohamed el-Beltagy and
2016 Oct 22, In Egypt Suspected
Islamic militants gunned down Brig-Gen. Adel Ragai, commander of the
army's 9th armored division based in the sprawling military base of
Dahshour west of Cairo.
2016 Oct 25, An Israeli man
reportedly working on a border fence between Israel and Egypt was
shot and killed when gunmen in Egypt opened fire at him. A senior
Egyptian security official said that human traffickers shot at
Israelis working on the barrier.
2016 Oct 28, Egypt's health
ministry said 12 people have died and dozens were injured as heavy
rain battered several cities across the country.
2016 Oct 29, An Egyptian court
sentenced two Muslim Brotherhood supporters to life in prison and 16
others to 15 years in jail for a violent assault on a Cairo
neighborhood in 2013 after the ouster of former president Mohamed
Mursi. A senior military officer and one soldier were killed by a
roadside explosion in the North Sinai where the government faced an
Islamic State-led insurgency.
2016 Oct 31, In Egypt militants
attacked the same Bir el-Abd army checkpoint in Sinai where 12
soldiers were killed earlier this month, this time leaving one
2016 Oct 31, Egypt's Health
Ministry said recent floods have killed 26 people and injured 72
others across the country.
2016 Nov 3, Egypt devalued its
currency by 48 percent and said the pound would be allowed to float.
The measures met a key demand by the IMF in exchange for a $12
billion loan over three years to overhaul the ailing economy.
(SFC, 11/4/16, p.A2)
2016 Nov 7, Egypt said that
Saudi Arabia has halted fuel shipments indefinitely, in a sign of
lingering tensions following a dispute over the conflict in Syria.
2016 Nov 13, In Egypt Magdy
Maken (53), a fish cart vendor, was arrested late today after an
altercation with a policeman. After beating him in the street the
Coptic Christian was taken to a police station in Cairo's
middle-class neighborhood of el-Ameriyah. Hours later, his lifeless
body was brought to a nearby hospital with "torture marks." In
December ten policemen were charged with torturing Magdy Makain.
(AP, 11/18/16)(Reuters, 12/18/16)
2016 Nov 15, An Egyptian court
struck down the death sentence passed by a lower tribunal against
former Islamist President Mohammed Morsi for his part in a mass
prison break during the country's 2011 uprising.
2016 Nov 15, Egypt's parliament
approved a bill to regulate non-governmental organizations in a move
human rights groups say effectively bans their work.
2016 Nov 17, Egypt pardoned 82
detainees, including many students and a former TV host convicted of
"defaming religious symbols."
2016 Nov 19, An Egyptian court
sentenced the head of the journalists' union and two members to two
years in prison for "harboring fugitives", allowing them to pay bail
pending an appeal. Journalists Syndicate president Yahiya Kallash
(Yehia Qalash), Gamal Abd el-Rahim and Khaled Elbalshy were charged
in May with sheltering two journalists wanted over protests against
the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. On March 25,
2017, an appeals court suspended their jail sentences.
(AP, 11/19/16)(AP, 3/25/17)
2016 Nov 20, Egypt’s state news
reported that 292 suspects linked to the Islamic State group have
been referred to a military tribunal over attacks and an alleged
plot to assassinate Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
(SFC, 11/21/16, p.A2)
2016 Nov 21, An Egyptian
government committee ordered the confiscation of assets of 46
members and supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. The
confiscated assets included five companies involved in trade,
construction, and pharmaceuticals.
2016 Nov 21, In Egypt hundreds
of Nubians blocked a main road for a third day to protest the
government's planned takeover of land they say is part of their
2016 Nov 22, An Egyptian
appeals court quashed one of two life sentences handed down to
Mohamed Morsi since his 2013 overthrow, in the Islamist
ex-president's second appeals victory in a week.
2016 Nov 29, In Egypt an
amended law that toughens penalties for female genital mutilation to
up to 15 years in jail came into effect.
2016 Nov, Egypt’s inflation was
running at about 14%.
(Econ, 11/12/16, p.14)
2016 Dec 3, Egypt's Supreme
Constitutional Court upheld a law that effectively bans street
protests, settling a years-long court battle and protecting the law
from further challenges.
2016 Dec 4, Palestinian
emergency workers said they have recovered the bodies of three men
who went missing in a smuggling tunnel between Gaza and Egypt. The
tunnel caved in after the Egyptian military flooded it with water.
One person remained missing.
2016 Dec 6, Egyptian security
forces in the southern province of Assiut killed three gunmen in a
raid on a hideout used by what it described as an armed wing of the
2016 Dec 6, Egypt's official
anti-corruption body said it has uncovered a network for human organ
trafficking, including physicians whom it said exploited the
victims' poverty in persuading them to sell their organs.
2016 Dec 8, In Egypt Osama
Morsi, one of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi’s five
children, was led away from his house in the Nile Delta. The
state-run news website Al-Ahram reported the arrest, saying Osama is
accused of inciting violence.
2016 Dec 9, In Egypt a bomb
attack in Cairo killed six policemen and wounded another three. The
recently emerged militant group called the Hasm Movement claimed
responsibility. A bomb targeting a police vehicle in Kafr al-Sheikh
killed a civilian and injured 3 policemen.
(Reuters, 12/9/16)(SFC, 12/10/16, p.A4)(Econ,
2016 Dec 11, In Egypt a suicide
bombing at the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Church next to St Mark's
Cathedral, Cairo's largest Coptic cathedral, killed 25 people and
wounded 49, many of them women and children attending Sunday mass.
Islamic State supporters celebrated the attack on social media. The
suicide bomber was identified as Mahmoud Shafik Mohamed Mostafa
(22). Four people suspected of involvement were soon arrested. The
death toll soon rose to 27.
(Reuters, 12/11/16)(AFP, 12/12/16)(SFC, 12/13/16,
2016 Dec 12, Italian energy
company Eni said it would sell a 30 percent stake in an offshore
Egyptian gas field to Rosneft. The Russian company will pay $1.125
billion for the holding in the Shorouk concession, which contains
the giant Zohr gas field, and $450 million to cover past
expenditures on the project.
2016 Dec 14, An Egyptian
judicial official said authorities have ordered the assets frozen of
the chief of a media company that releases two daily newspapers
including the English-language Daily News, over allegations of
belonging to the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
2016 Dec 17, Security officials
at Cairo International Airport denied entry to the country to Omar
bin Laden, son of the former leader of al-Qaida Osama bin Laden.
Both were allowed to leave for Turkey.
2016 Dec 18, Egypt's highest
court ordered the freeing of an author who was jailed for public
indecency when extracts from his sexually explicit novel were
published in a literary newspaper. A chapter from Ahmed Naji's novel
Istikhdam al-Hayat, or Using Life, had been serialized in a
state-owned literary publication.
2016 Dec 24, Egyptian President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said that the military's economic activity
accounted for no more than two percent of the country's output,
dismissing suggestions that the military could control as much as
half of the economy.
2016 Dec 25, Egypt ordered the
detention for 15 days of Al-Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein (51)
accusing him of incitement and fabricating news. In November,
Al-Jazeera broadcast a documentary called "The Soldiers" in which
former conscripts spoke about compulsory military service in Egypt,
drawing criticism from the media.
2016 Dec 27, Egyptian President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi approved a law, passed a day earlier, to set up
a council headed by his appointees that oversees the media and
ensures compliance with "national security" requirements.
2016 Dec 29, Egypt's Cabinet
approved the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia despite
protests earlier this year and a court ruling the transfer
2016 Dec 31, In Egypt an
explosion targeting a security vehicle in the Sinai peninsula killed
one junior officer and one soldier and injured another soldier.
2016 Dec 31, An Egyptian
appeals court upheld an agreement to give control of two islands in
the Red Sea to Saudi Arabia.
2016 Jack Shenker authored “The
Egyptians: A Radical Story."
(Econ, 2/6/16, p.76)
2016 Egypt came in at 131st in
the World Bank’s ease-of-doing-business ranking.
(Econ, 8/6/16, p.36)
2017 Jan 2, A senior Egyptian
judge arrested on corruption charges was found dead in his cell
having hanged himself. Wael Shalaby, a deputy chief justice in the
country's administrative courts system, resigned Dec 31 shortly
before he was arrested and was charged the following day with taking
2017 Jan 4, Egypt released
political activist Ahmed Maher (36), a leading figure in the 2011
revolt that toppled the government, after he completed his jail
term. Maher was the founder and spokesman of the April 6 protest
movement, one of the main groups that campaigned for more freedom
under longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak.
2017 Jan 5, Egypt’s Interior
Ministry said one suspect was killed and three others arrested in a
police raid in connection with a bomb attack that killed six
policemen in Cairo on December 9. Those arrested in the raid on the
outskirts of Cairo belonged to a militant group called the Hasm
Movement, which claimed responsibility for the attack.
2017 Jan 9, In Egypt militants
attacked a police checkpoint in the northern Sinai Peninsula using a
stolen garbage truck packed with explosives, killing at least eight
people and setting off clashes with security forces. The Islamic
State’s local affiliate soon claimed responsibility.
(AP, 1/9/17)(SFC, 1/11/17, p.A2)
2017 Jan 11, An Egyptian court
upheld an earlier ruling to freeze the assets of Mozn Hassan and her
group, Nazra for Feminist Studies, as well as Mohammed Zaraa and
Atef Hafez, both of the Arab Organization for Criminal Reform.
2017 Jan 12, Human Rights Watch
said in a report that Egypt has banned public criticism and peaceful
opposition, and that security forces routinely torture detainees and
forcibly disappeared hundreds last year.
2017 Jan 13, Egyptian police
reportedly killed 10 Islamic militants in a shootout in al-Arish.
However, the residents said six of those killed had been in police
custody since October.
2017 Jan 15, Egypt said it will
make further "significant" cuts to energy subsidies, raise taxes and
seek more international financing as it pursues economic reforms
2017 Jan 16, An Egyptian court
ruled against the government's attempt to transfer two Red Sea
islands to Saudi Arabia, an embarrassment for President Abdel-Fattah
el-Sissi that could deepen tensions with his onetime Gulf patron.
2017 Jan 18, The International
Monetary Fund said that Egypt is making progress with its economic
reform program, although it will still take time to improve living
standards in a poor country beset with rocketing inflation.
2017 Jan 21, In Egypt eight
people were killed after a shell landed on a house in southern
Rafah, in the north of Sinai.
2017 Jan 21, Representatives of
Libya's neighbors meeting in Cairo warned the North African nation's
main rival factions against seeking to settle their differences
through military force, as Egypt announced that efforts were
underway to bring their leaders together to chart a "joint vision"
for the country. The representatives came from Libya, Egypt, Sudan,
Algeria, Chad, Niger and Tunisia as well as the UN envoy to Libya.
2017 Jan 22, Egypt's National
Defense Council extended the military's participation in a Saudi-led
operation in Yemen. It did not specify how long the extension would
2017 Jan 29, In Egypt Hazem
Salah Abu Ismail, an Islamist former presidential hopeful, was
sentenced to five years in prison for inciting his supporters to
"besiege" a Cairo court in December 2012. Five other defendants
received the same jail terms, while another 13 were sentenced to 10
years in prison in absentia.
2017 Jan 31, The Cairo
Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS), a non-government
organization, published a 95-page report saying Law 10 of 1914, or
the Assembly Law was repealed by parliament in 1928.
2017 Feb 1, In Egypt the price
of two key staples, sugar and cooking oil, were modestly increased
for ration card holders as TV talk shows and newspapers went abuzz
after reports emerged that the country's parliament's speaker and
his two deputies are using state funds to buy cars worth hundreds of
thousands of dollars.
2017 Feb 5, Egypt's top Islamic
authority rejected the president's suggestion for legislation that
would invalidate the practice of men verbally divorcing their wives.
2017 Feb 9, Egyptian police
closed down the Al-Nadeem Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of
Violence, an organization that treats victims of torture and trauma.
2017 Feb 10, The Islamic State
group in Egypt claimed to have executed five men it accuses of
spying for the army, which is battling the jihadists in the Sinai
2017 Feb 13, Mostafa el-Abbadi
(88), Egyptian scholar, died. He was the man behind the recreation
of the Great Library of Alexandria, which opened in 2002.
(Econ, 3/11/17, p.86)
2017 Feb 16, Egypt swore in
nine new ministers to the cabinet of PM Sherif Ismail, along with
five new governors, including the country's first female governor.
2017 Feb 17, In Egypt at least
five soldiers were killed and two injured by a roadside bomb in the
restive Northern Sinai.
2017 Feb 22, In Egypt
militants killed a Coptic Christian man and burned his son alive,
then dumped their bodies on a roadside in el-Arish. Three other
Christians in Sinai were killed earlier, either in drive-by
shootings or with militants storming their homes and shops.
2017 Feb 23, In Egypt suspected
Islamic militants gunned down a Coptic Christian man and stabbed his
daughter to death inside his home in el-Arish, northern Sinai, the
seventh such killing in a month's time in the restive region.
2017 Feb 24, Egyptian airport
officials said that authorities are more than doubling the cost of
entry visas for foreign visitors starting next week. (The start date
was later pushed to July 1.) It was reported that inflation reached
almost 30 percent in January, up five percent over the previous
month, driven by the floatation of the Egyptian pound and slashing
of fuel subsidies enacted by President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi in
(AP, 2/24/17)(AP, 2/26/17)
2017 Feb 25, Egyptian state
news said a Cairo has court acquitted one of deposed President Hosni
Mubarak's closest aides in a retrial in a corruption case. Zakaria
Azmi, Mubarak's former chief of staff, had been sentenced to seven
years in prison in 2012 and fined 36.4 million Egyptian pounds ($6
million) on charges of making illegal gains.
2017 Feb 26, Egyptian
Christians fearing attacks by Islamic State group militants fled the
volatile northern part of the Sinai Peninsula for a fourth day,
after a string of sectarian killings there sent hundreds packing and
raised accusations the government is failing to protect the
2017 Feb 27, Egyptian police
arrested 22 people after hundreds went on a rampage in the coastal
city of Port Said to protest death sentences for 10 residents for
their part in a deadly 2012 soccer riot.
2017 Feb 28, In Egypt top
Muslim and Christian clerics from the Middle East gathered in Cairo
for a two-day conference on promoting co-existence, as sectarian
conflict continues to ravage the region. The leading religious
authority in Sunni Islam lashed out at supporters of abortion
rights, sexual reassignment and globalization, saying they aim to
"annihilate all Abrahamic religions."
(AFP, 2/28/17)(AP, 3/1/17)
2017 Feb, Egypt’s chief of
military intelligence said the army has killed around 500 militants
as part of its “Right of the Martyr" campaign begun in September
(Econ, 4/8/17, p.41)
2017 Feb, Egypt opened the
Rafah border crossing to the Gaza strip to commercial traffic.
(Econ, 4/22/17, p.42)
2017 Mar 2, In Egypt German
Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi held
talks on ways of slowing migration to Europe, including tightening
control over borders.
2017 Mar 2, Egypt's top appeals
court found Hosni Mubarak innocent of involvement in the killing of
protesters during the 2011 uprising that ended his 30-year rule, in
a final ruling that could see the former president walk free.
2017 Mar 13, Egypt's President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi pardoned more than 200 people convicted and
jailed for their participation in illegal protests. Former Pres.
Hosni Mubarek was ordered free from detention.
(AP, 3/13/17)(SFC, 3/14/17, p.A2)
2017 Mar 18, In Egypt Salem
Salmy al-Hamadeen (aka Abu Anas al-Ansari), a leader in Islamic
State's Egyptian affiliate, was killed in an air raid.
2017 Mar 18, Meeting in Cairo
representatives of the United Nations, European Union, Arab League
and African Union supported efforts by Libya's unity government to
assert control over Tripoli after days of fighting with rival
2017 Mar 21, EgyptAir said it
has received instructions from US transport authorities imposing
restrictions on electronic devices carried by incoming travelers and
will bring them into effect on March 24.
2017 Mar 23, In Egypt Islamic
extremists killed 10 government soldiers in fighting in a central
part of the restive Sinai Peninsula during an army raid on a
militant hideout. Troops killed 15 extremists and took seven
prisoners in the raid.
2017 Mar 23, An Egyptian court
ordered a renewed corruption probe into ousted president Hosni
Mubarak, who has been cleared for release after almost six years in
2017 Mar 24, In Egypt Hosni
Mubarak (88), the former autocrat toppled during the 2011 Arab
Spring, was freed from the military hospital where he spent much of
the past six years in detention.
2017 Mar 25, Three Egyptian
soldiers were killed in an explosion that hit their armored vehicle
in the northern Sinai peninsula. Another officer managing a
checkpoint was killed by sniper fire.
(Reuters, 3/25/17)(SSFC, 3/26/17, p.A4)
2017 Mar 26, An Egyptian court
sentenced 56 people to prison terms of up to 14 years over the
capsizing of a boat that killed over 200 people last September 21.
2017 Apr 2, An Egyptian court
ruled that a judicial decision to block the transfer of two Red Sea
islands to Saudi Arabia is void, potentially reviving a deal that
triggered protests. The decision by the Court of Urgent Matters was
subject to appeal and any final deal must be approved by parliament.
2017 Apr 5, Kuwait said it has
signed a new a multi-billion-dollar deal to supply Egypt with crude
oil and petroleum products for the next three years.
2017 Apr 9, In Egypt at least
45 people were killed in two bomb attacks on two Coptic churches on
Palm Sunday. The first bombing, in Tanta killed at least 27 people.
The second in Alexandria hit Saint Mark's Cathedral, the historic
seat of the Coptic Pope, killing 16 people. The Islamic State
claimed responsibility for the attacks.
(Reuters, 4/9/17)(AP, 4/9/17)
2017 Apr 11, Egypt's parliament
unanimously approved a three-month state of emergency, broadening
the power of authorities to crack down on what it called enemies of
the state days after two church bombings killed at least 45.
2017 Apr 15, A, Egyptian court
sentenced Habib al-Adly, Hosni Mubarak's last minister of interior,
to seven years in prison for embezzlement of public funds. 12 other
former ministry officials were also sentenced for the embezzlement
of over LE2 billion ($110.3 million) of the ministry's funds.
2017 Apr 15, In Egypt one
person was killed and 17 were injured when the driver of a vehicle
used in sewage system maintenance in a Cairo suburb accidentally
struck a main gas pipeline, causing an explosion.
2017 Apr 16, In Egypt a Cairo
court acquitted Aya Hijazi, an Egyptian-American woman, and seven
others who worked with street children and had been detained for
nearly three years on human trafficking charges. She and her husband
Mohamed Hassanein had founded Belady, an NGO that promotes a better
life for street children.
2017 Apr 18, In Egypt charity
worker Aya Hijazi, an Egyptian-American woman, was released from
prison after nearly three years of detention. Hijazi and her husband
had established a foundation to aid street children, but were
arrested along with six others in 2014. It was not immediately clear
whether her co-defendants were also released.
2017 Apr 18, In Egypt militants
attacked a checkpoint near the famed St. Catherine's Monastery in
south Sinai. The attack was claimed by IS. One militant was killed.
2017 Apr 20, Egypt and Sudan
said they will not harbor or support opposition groups fighting
their respective governments, as top diplomats of the two countries
vowed to boost bilateral ties.
2017 Apr 20, Egypt’s military
said its forces killed 21 extremists, at least 19 of them in an
airstrike, including three senior figures of the Islamic State
group's affiliate in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
2017 Apr 23, Egyptian Pres.
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi received a royal welcome from King Salman as he
landed in Saudi Arabia for a visit to boost ties after months of
2017 Apr 24, An Egyptian court
upheld death sentences against 20 suspected Islamists convicted of
murder in the deaths of 15 people, including 11 police, during an
attack on a police station in 2013. A final verdict will be
delivered on June 2.
2017 Apr 25, In Egypt an
Islamic State suicide bomber attacked a tribal checkpoint in
northern Sinai and killed four members of the Tarabeen tribe.
Members of the local tribe burned alive a suspected Islamic State
2017 Apr 27, Egypt’s Pres.
El-Sissi ratified much-contested legal amendments that effectively
give him power over the country's courts, as he will be the one
appointing heads of judicial bodies.
2017 Apr 28, Pope Francis
arrived in Cairo and urged Egypt's leading imams to teach their
students to reject violence in God's name and preach messages of
peace and tolerance instead.
2017 Apr 30, An Egyptian court
has sentenced a hard-line cleric to death in absentia on charges of
establishing a "terror group" after the 2013 overthrow of an elected
Islamist president. Wagdi Ghoneim, who currently lives in Turkey and
is an outspoken supporter of ousted President Mohammed Morsi,
dismissed the ruling, saying he had not been in Egypt since 2001.
2017 May 1, In Egypt militants
killed three policemen and injured five others in a shooting in
Cairo late today.
2017 May 2, In Egypt the
powerful Tarabeen tribe in the Sinai Peninsula said it has killed
eight suspected Islamic State fighters in battle and captured three
2017 May 6, In Egypt the
decapitated bodies of a father and his two sons recently kidnapped
by Islamic militants were found lying in the street in the northern
Sinai town of Rafah. The mother of the two siblings was killed last
week by militants from the Islamic State group when they raided the
family home in the village of Yamit, west of Rafah, and kidnapped
the three men. The Interior Minsitry said two armed men suspected of
making bombs were killed in a shoot-out with security forces in an
area north of Cairo.
(AP, 5/6/17)(Reuters, 5/6/17)
2017 May 6, In Egypt official
media reported that Ahmed Hosny, the head of Egypt's Al-Azhar
university, has been replaced after describing a leading Islamic
researcher as an apostate. Al-Azhar university is the 1,000-year-old
seat of Sunni Muslim learning.
2017 May 6, In Egypt gunmen
late today shot dead Nabil Saber Ayoub (50), a Christian man, inside
a barbershop in northern Sinai. The killing in the coastal city of
el-Arish came one day after IS warned it would escalate attacks
2017 May 7, Egypt passed an
investment law designed to lure foreign investors. Administrative
details were expected to take months to iron out.
(Econ 5/13/17, p.41)
2017 May 8, An Egyptian court
sentenced the Muslim Brotherhood's supreme guide Mohamed Badie to
life in prison for "planning violent attacks" in a retrial.
2017 May 10, In Egypt Islamic
extremists ambushed local tribesmen manning a checkpoint south of
Rafah in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula. 12 members of the
Tarabeen tribe were reported killed.
(SFC, 5/11/17, p.A2)(Reuters, 5/14/17)
2017 May 13, Judges from one of
the Egyptian judiciary's three main branches voted to defy a newly
adopted and widely disputed law giving the president a degree of
control over the judiciary, nominating as head of their branch a
judge who ruled against a government decision to surrender two Red
Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
2017 May 14, In Egypt a
military colonel was killed and three recruits injured when their
armored vehicle was hit by an explosion in the Sinai peninsula.
2017 May 21, Egypt referred 48
people to the country's military judiciary for suspected involvement
in three deadly church bombings and accused them of joining the
militant group Islamic State.
2017 May 24, Egyptian
prosecutors ordered the release on bail of opposition leader Khaled
Ali, accused of publicly making an obscene finger gesture in
2017 May 25, Egyptian security
officials said separate attacks in restive northern Sinai peninsula
where Islamic militants are active have left four security personnel
2017 May 25, Egypt’s government
blocked access to the websites of Mada Masr, the country’s leading
liberal newspaper, and those of 20 other media outlets.
(Econ 6/10/17, p.14)
2017 May 26, In Egypt an attack
by masked gunmen on a bus carrying Christians to the St. Samuel
Monastery in the Minya governorate south of Cairo, killed 28 people,
including many children.
2017 May 26, Egyptian fighter
jets carried out six air strikes directed at camps in Libya which
Cairo says have been training militants who killed 29 Coptic
Christians and wounded 24 in a shooting spree in the Egyptian
province of Minya.
2017 May 29, Egypt announced a
$2.49 billion package of income tax discounts, bonuses for state
employees, increased pension payments and cash subsidies for lower
and middle income Egyptians to cope with soaring inflation.
2017 May 29, Egyptian jets
carried out air strikes on the Libyan city of Derna, pressing home
attacks against Islamist militants Egypt says were responsible for
ambushing and killing Egyptian Christians last week.
2017 May 30, Sudan said its
Cabinet has ratified a ban on the import of Egyptian animal and
agricultural products, a development that's certain to deepen months
of tension between the two neighbors over a long-running border
2017 Jun 5, Saudi Arabia, the
United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Yemen, the Maldives and Egypt cut
ties with Qatar, the world's top seller of liquefied natural gas
(LNG), stoking concern over any supply disruptions to neighboring
countries spilling over into global gas markets. They accused Qatar
of supporting extremism.
2017 Jun 14, Egypt's parliament
approved a controversial maritime agreement with Saudi Arabia that
transfers two Red Sea islands to the kingdom. The deal is still
under challenge in court.
2017 Jun 15, A senior
constitutional panel in Egypt published a report concluding that two
courts, which ruled to annul an agreement to transfer control of two
Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, acted within their jurisdiction.
2017 Jun 17, An Egyptian
criminal court sentenced to death 31 Islamists for their part in the
June 2015 assassination of the country's top prosecutor, Hisham
2017 Jun 18, In Egypt a
roadside bomb killed a policeman and wounded four others on a
highway on the southern outskirts of Cairo.
2017 Jun 20, GE Transportation
said it has signed a $575 million deal with Egypt's national railway
system to provide 100 locomotives. Most of the company's
international locomotives are built in Erie, Pennsylvania.
2017 Jun 21, Egypt began
delivering a million liters of fuel to Gaza, temporarily easing a
crisis that has left the Palestinian enclave's two million residents
with only a few hours of electricity per day.
2017 Jun 21, Egypt's top court
temporarily halted all verdicts on a contested deal to transfer two
Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia until it decides who has
2017 Jun 22, Egypt Interior
Ministry said police have killed seven people in a desert training
camp in connection to recent violence against Christians that
included three church bombings and a shooting which left around 100
2017 Jun 22, Saudi Arabia,
Egypt, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirate issued an ultimatum to
Qatar. The 13-point list included closing Al Jazeera television,
curbing ties with Iran and shutting a Turkish base and pay
reparations, demands so far reaching it would appear to be hard for
Doha to comply.
2017 Jun 23, Egyptian state
media said President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has pardoned 502 prisoners
before the Eid al-Fitr holiday. They included prominent businessman
Hesham Talaat Moustafa, who had been sentenced to 15 years in prison
for hiring a hitman to kill Lebanese pop star Suzanne Tamim in 2008.
2017 Jun 27, Egypt said its
warplanes struck a convoy of 12 vehicles about to be driven across
the border from Libya carrying weapons and ammunition.
2017 Jun 29, Egypt raised the
prices of fuel by up to 55 percent, the second such increase since
the local currency was floated seven months ago, as the country
struggles with an array of economic woes including a double-digit
2017 Jul 2, An Egyptian court
sentenced 20 people to death for their part in the August 2013
massacre of more than a dozen policemen in Kerdassah, a village west
of Cairo. The court also sentenced 80 to life imprisonment, 34
to 15 years in prison, and a minor to 10 years. 20 were acquitted,
while four others were referred back to prosecutors.
2017 Jul 4, Egypt's parliament
approved President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's decision to extend a
nationwide state of emergency for an additional three months. A
police officer and two conscripts were killed by a roadside bomb in
2017 Jul 5, In Egypt a
"terrorist" opened fire on a toll booth south of Cairo, killing two
retired officers and an active duty soldier.
2017 Jul 5, Egyptian police
detained scores of Uighur students, including 20 from Cairo's
Al-Azhar University who were stopped in the city of Alexandria on
their way out of the country late today and told they would be
deported to China. An activist said overseas groups had managed to
move 60 Uighur students out of Egypt to safety in Turkey this week
but 20 were held while trying to fly to Dubai.
2017 Jul 6, Egypt raised
electricity prices by more than 40 percent, its latest move on the
road to lifting all subsidies and complying with demands by the
International Monetary Fund for a $12 billion bailout loan. The rise
came a week after the government raised gasoline prices by up to 55
percent and doubled the price of the household staple butane
canisters, used for cooking.
2017 Jul 7, In Egypt Islamic
militants launched their latest attack on the military, unleashing a
suicide car bomb and machine gun fire on two checkpoints in
northeastern Sinai that killed at least 23 security troops. Family
members said three Egyptians who worked at a building site in the
Western Desert were killed earlier this week by an airstrike from a
military aircraft in what appears to have been an accident.
(AP, 7/7/17)(AP, 7/8/17)
2017 Jul 7, In Egypt Capt.
Ibrahim Azazi was gunned down while heading to a mosque in the Nile
Delta province of Qalyoubiya, part of Greater Cairo. The Hasm
militant group claimed responsibility.
2017 Jul 8, Egyptian state news
said security forces have killed two men, members of a newly emerged
militant group called Hasm, in an exchange of gunfire in Giza.
2017 Jul 8, In Egypt an
explosive device struck a police vehicle late today in the northern
Sinai town of al-Arish, killing two conscripts and wounding nine
2017 Jul 8, In Libya the bodies
of 19 migrants, believed to be Egyptians, were found in the eastern
desert south of Tobruk.
2017 Jul 9, Egypt’s Pres.
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas met in
Cairo amid signs of a rapprochement between Cairo and the Islamic
militant Hamas group. Abbas had requested the meeting to seek
clarifications on what appears to be an emerging power-sharing
agreement between Gaza's Hamas rulers and an exiled Abbas rival,
former Gaza strongman Mohammed Dahlan.
2017 Jul 10, Egyptian police
killed six militants who allegedly adhered to the Islamic State
group's beliefs when a gunfight erupted during a raid on their Nile
2017 Jul 11, In Egypt a member
of a violent group suspected of links to the now-banned Muslim
Brotherhood was killed in a shootout with security forces in Fayoum
province. Two others, belonging to the Brotherhood's breakaway
faction Hasm (decisiveness), escaped.
2017 Jul 14, In Egypt five
policemen were shot to death in Cairo's twin city of Giza when
suspected Islamic militants opened fire on their vehicle. Abdel
Rahman Shaban Abokorah (29) killed two German women and wounded four
other tourists at the popular Red Sea resort of Hurghada. A Czech
woman later died of her injuries. Abokorah was chased down and
arrested. Security sources later said Abokorah had tried to join
(AP, 7/14/17)(Reuters, 7/15/17)(SSFC, 7/16/17,
2017 Jul 16, Egyptian police
clashed with residents on al-Waraq Nile River island in Cairo while
attempting to clear residents using state land without permission.
One person was killed and ten residents were arrested.
(SFC, 7/17/17, p.A4)
2017 Jul 17, In Egypt suspected
Islamic militants attacked police in el-Arish, northern Sinai
Peninsula, killing five of them and wounding another five.
2017 Jul 17, Egypt’s Foreign
Ministry said it will end visa-free entry for Qatari nationals with
some exceptions, the latest measure taken against Doha which Cairo
and three Gulf governments are boycotting.
2017 Jul 20, In Egypt gunmen
attacked a three-car police convoy on the main Cairo-to-Fayoum road
killing one policeman and injuring three others.
2017 Jul 22, In Egypt a Cairo
criminal court sentenced to death 28 people over the 2015 killing of
Egypt's top prosecutor and handed 15 others jail sentences of 25
2017 Jul 22, In Egypt a Cairo
criminal court sentenced to death 28 people over the 2015 killing of
Hisham Barakat, Egypt's top prosecutor, and handed 15 others jail
sentences of 25 years each.
(Reuters, 7/22/17)(SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A3)
2017 Jul 23, Egypt's President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said his government would keep up a blockade of
Qatar by four Arab states over charges it supports terrorism, in
defiance of international efforts to end the crisis.
2017 Jul 24, In Egypt seven
civilians, including two young children, were killed by a car bomb
that exploded at a security checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula.
2017 Jul 25, The EU and Egypt
pledged to work together to develop the country's economy, promote
stability, counter extremism and manage migrant flows.
2017 Jul 26, Egypt's president
announced the formation of a new body to confront terrorism and
extremism that includes the country's top officials. The National
Council to Confront Terrorism and Extremism will be comprised of 10
Egyptian government ministers, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, the
Coptic Pope, Egypt's former Grand Mufti and parliament's speaker. It
will be chaired by el-Sissi.
2017 Jul 26, Egypt's Interior
Ministry said security forces have killed four suspects who were
behind the killing of five policemen on July 14 in an attack near
2017 Jul 29, An Egyptian
criminal court sentenced eight people to death over charges of
murder during an attack on a police station in a Cairo suburb in
2017 Jul 30, Saudi Arabia, the
United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain met to discuss the
diplomatic crisis with Qatar. They said the bloc will continue to
keep current measures against Qatar in place, but are open to
dialogue with the Gulf state if it shows a willingness to change
course and complies with their demands.
2017 Aug 8, Two Egyptian
policemen were killed and one wounded when a group of wanted
criminals opened fire on security forces in a village north of
2017 Aug 9, Egypt curtailed
access to ration cards used by three-quarters of the country's 93
million people to buy subsidized food items, the latest move in the
government's economic reform plan. The decree doesn't affect current
2017 Aug 9, Four Egyptian
policemen were killed in el-Arish, in the northern Sinai peninsula.
The Islamic State group soon claimed responsibility for the attack.
2017 Aug 10, In Egypt a
supervising engineer on a hotel building site died after becoming
involved in a brawl when he warned Italian tourist Ivan Pascal Moro
not to enter a restricted area at the Red Sea resort of Marsa Alam.
2017 Aug 11, In Egypt a train
collision near the coastal city of Alexandria killed at least 43
people and injured 80 others.
(AP, 8/11/17)(SFC, 8/12/17, p.A2)
2017 Aug 12, In Egypt two
policemen were killed and six were injured late today after their
vehicle was struck by an improvised explosive device in the town of
el-Arish in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
2017 Aug 13, In Egypt two
suspected militants were killed in an exchange of fire with the
police in a province outside the capital Cairo.
2017 Aug 20, In Egypt a soldier
and a policeman were killed in separate attacks by suspected Islamic
militants in the turbulent north of the Sinai Peninsula.
2017 Aug 24, Egypt's Interior
Ministry said security forces have killed two members of a group
with suspected links to the Muslim Brotherhood in a shootout at
their hideout northwest of Cairo. It said the suspects were among
the "most prominent cadres" of the Hasm movement.
2017 Aug 28, Germany said it
had reached a deal with Egypt to stem the flow of migrants from the
Arab country, part of a broader push by Berlin to head off waves of
migrants that have stoked domestic political tensions.
2017 Aug 29, The foreign
ministers of Romania and Egypt met in Bucharest to discuss ways to
manage the flow of migrants, fighting terrorism and resolving
conflicts in Syria and Libya. Romania and Egypt signed three
agreements to enhance cooperation.
2017 Aug 30, It was reported
that Egypt has put the names of more than 350 people, including
prominent Muslim Brotherhood figures, on its terrorism list. The
designation, announced over two days this week in the official
Gazette, bans those on the list from travel, puts them on a watch
list and grants authorities the right to freeze their assets.
2017 Sep 1, Egypt's Ministry of
Civil Aviation said British authorities have lifted a ban on
carry-on electronic devices on planes arriving from Cairo airport.
2017 Sep 7, Human Rights Watch
released a report saying Egyptian Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has
give a “green light" to systematic torture inside detention
(SFC, 9/7/17 p.A2)
2017 Sep 10, Egyptian police
raided two adjacent apartments used as hideouts by members of the
Hasm splinter faction of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group,
killing 10 of them in a shootout.
2017 Sep 10, Egyptian
authorities arrested Ibrahim Metwally, a lawyer whose human rights
group opposes enforced disappearances and is linked to one such case
involving murdered Italian student Giulio Regeni (d.2015). Metwally
was remanded in custody for two weeks on suspicion of "dealing with
foreign parties" and "spreading false news".
2017 Sep 11, In Egypt at least
18 policemen were killed and three injured in an attack claimed by
Islamic State on a security convoy in the Sinai Peninsula.
2017 Sep 11, South Korea's
Yonhap news agency reported that Egypt's defense minister, on a
visit to Seoul, announced that his country has cut military ties
with North Korea.
2017 Sep 13, In Egypt two
soldiers and six jihadists were killed in a "foiled" suicide bombing
2017 Sep 16, An Egyptian court
sentenced ousted president Mohammed Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood
to 25 years in prison in a final ruling over a case accusing him of
spying for Qatar. Mursi was already serving a 20-year sentence after
being convicted for the killing of protesters during demonstrations
2017 Sep 16, An Egyptian court
condemned to death seven people for membership of the Islamic State
group and over the beheading in Libya of 21 Christians in Feb 2015,
all but one of them from Egypt. Of the seven defendants, three were
sentenced to death in absentia.
2017 Sep 18, Egypt's Finance
Minister says the country will face a $10 to $12 billion budget
shortfall for the current 2017-18 fiscal year, and plans expanded
foreign debt issuance to overcome it.
2017 Sep 19, Egypt said it will
host the reorganization of Libya's army, currently an eastern-based
force led by Gen. Khalifa Hifter.
2017 Sep 20, An Egyptian court
ordered the detention of 24 Nubians for 15 days pending
investigation for participating in a protest earlier this month.
Nubians are an ethnic minority.
2017 Sep 22, In Egypt audience
members waved rainbow flags during a performance by Mashrou’ Leila,
a popular Lebanese band whose lead singer is openly gay. Seven
people were later arrested on charges of promoting homosexuality.
(SFC, 9/27/17, p.A2)
2017 Sep 25, In Egypt rights
lawyer and opposition activist Khaled Ali was convicted of making an
obscene finger gesture outside a Cairo courthouse in January, where
he and other lawyers had won a case against the government, blocking
its attempt to hand over control of the two islands to Saudi Arabia
under a 2016 agreement.
2017 Sep 27, Egyptian courts
sentenced 30 people to terms ranging between three years and life in
prison on violence-related charges.
2017 Sep 28, An Egyptian court
has sentenced 16 people, including the head of the outlawed Muslim
Brotherhood, to life in prison on violence-related charges. The
court also sentenced 77 other defendants to 15 years imprisonment on
the same charges, which include a 2013 attack on a police vehicle in
a city south of Cairo.
2017 Sep 28, Egypt said its air
force has hit 10 four-wheel-drive vehicles carrying arms, ammunition
and contraband at its western borders with Libya.
2017 Sep 30, Egypt said its
population stands at nearly 95 million, in addition to an estimated
9.4 million who live abroad, according to the latest census figures.
2017 Sep 30, Amnesty
International said six Egyptian men arrested for "promoting sexual
deviancy" and "debauchery" on social media will be subjected to anal
examinations ahead of their Oct. 1 trial.
2017 Oct 1, Hamas freed five
prisoners belonging to the rival Fatah party and Egypt sent a
delegation to the Gaza Strip to oversee the Islamist group's planned
handover of administrative control of the Palestinian enclave to a
2017 Oct 2, Egypt’s police
killed three suspected militant members of Hasm, a breakaway faction
of the Muslim Brotherhood group in a shootout in a southern Cairo
2017 Oct 3, Security officials
said Egypt has stepped up a crackdown on people suspected of
homosexuality, arresting a total of 27 in a little more than a week.
2017 Oct 3, Egyptian police
arrested seven Nubians who were protesting outside a courthouse in
Aswan against a judge's decision to extend the detention of
relatives and friends who were also detained for protesting. A judge
had extended by 15 days the detention of 25 Nubians arrested in
September for staging a peaceful protest to demand that they be
allowed to return to their ancestral land around the man-made lake
behind the Aswan High Dam.
2017 Oct 9, Egypt’s military
began a new phase in clearing a buffer zone along the Gaza Strip
border, 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) wide and 10 km (6 miles) long. At
least 140 homes and more than 200 acres were bulldozed.
2017 Oct 12, Egypt extended its
state of emergency for yet another three months, according to a
decision from President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
2017 Oct 13, The UN human
rights office said Azerbaijan, Egypt and Indonesia have all unjustly
arrested dozens of people during anti-gay crackdowns in recent
weeks, subjecting many to mistreatment in custody.
2017 Oct 15, In Egypt at least
24 militants and six soldiers were killed in attacks on military
outposts in North Sinai.
2017 Oct 16, In Egypt three
policemen, one security guard and a civilian were killed and a
number of other people injured in an attack by militants on a bank
branch in Arish in North Sinai province.
2017 Oct 19, Egyptian
authorities released high-profile Irish detainee Ibrahim Halawa
following his acquittal last month of charges including murder, in a
four-year mass trial criticized by human rights groups.
2017 Oct 19, Egyptian lawyer
Nabih el-Wahsh said on a TV talk show that harassing or raping women
wearing ripped jeans is a "national duty." On Nov. 2 Egypt's highest
women's rights body said it has filed a complaint to the top
prosecutor seeking legal action against El-Wahsh.
2017 Oct 20, In Egypt at least
54 policemen, including 20 officers and 34 conscripts, were killed
late today when a raid on a militant hideout southwest of Cairo
escalated into an all-out firefight. 15 militants were also reported
killed or injured.
2017 Oct 20, In Egypt Islamic
militants ambushed police near the Bahariya Oasis, about 135 km (84
miles) southwest of Cairo, killing at least 16 policemen. On Nov. 3
Ansar al-Islam, a previously unknown Egyptian militant group,
2017 Oct 23, The Egyptian
military said its air force hit eight four-wheel-drive vehicles
carrying arms and explosives at its western border with Libya,
killing the militants on board.
2017 Oct 24, In France Egyptian
President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi met with President Emmanuel Macron
as part of a three-day visit focusing on economic cooperation and
the fight against extremism.
2017 Oct 25, An Egyptian court
sentenced policeman Samir Hani to seven years in prison for
torturing worker Talaat el-Rashidi to death in the Luxor police
station after he was arrested in front of a coffee shop for
possession of narcotics. The court also handed down three-year
sentences to five other policemen involved in the case.
2017 Oct 26, An Egyptian court
sentenced Osama Morsi, a son of ousted Islamist President Mohammed
Morsi, to three years in prison for possession of a knife.
2017 Oct 27, Egyptian security
forces killed 13 militants in a shootout in the New Valley province
in the country's western desert.
2017 Oct 29, In Egypt suspected
militants targeted a police vehicle in the turbulent northern part
of the Sinai Peninsula, killing two conscripts.
2017 Oct 30, In Libya Egyptian
airstrikes on the eastern city of Darna killed dozens of civilians,
including an entire family, an operation condemned by the UN due to
the high civilian death toll.
(AP, 10/31/17)(Reuters, 10/31/17)
2017 Oct 31, Egyptian military
air strikes destroyed three vehicles loaded with weapons, ammunition
and explosives, and killed a "large number" of militants in the
western desert. Four civilians were reported killed when a mortar
shell hit their tractor in el-Arish.
(AP, 10/31/17)(SFC, 11/1/17, p.A2)
2017 Nov 1, Hamas handed over
control of Gaza's border crossings with Israel and Egypt to the
internationally recognized Palestinian Authority.
2017 Nov 2, Scientists using
cosmic-ray imaging reported the discovery of a hidden chamber in
Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza, in what would be the first such
discovery in the structure since the 19th century and one likely to
spark a new surge of interest in the pharaohs. The pyramid is also
known as Khufu's Pyramid for its builder, a 4th Dynasty pharaoh.
2017 Nov 2, The European Court
of Human Rights blocked Cypriot authorities from extraditing
Egyptian hijacker Seif Eddin Mustafa to his homeland until it can
examine the case. Mustafa hijacked a domestic EgyptAir flight in
March 2016 using a fake suicide belt and diverted it to Cyprus.
2017 Nov 3, Britain, Canada,
Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands issued a statement late today
critical of Egypt’s detention of Ibrahim Metwaly, who was helping
investigate the 2016 murder of Italian student Giulio Regeni.
Metwaly was taken by airport security in September while heading to
Geneva to attend a UN conference on enforced disappearances.
2017 Nov 4, It was reported
that an Egyptian court has convicted female TV presenter Doaa Salah
of inciting immorality for offering on-air advice to women last July
on how to be single mothers, sentencing her to three years in
prison. Her imprisonment was suspended pending an appeal and she
2017 Nov 4, In Egypt prominent
Nubian activist Gamal Sorour, arrested last month for taking part in
a peaceful protest, died following a diabetic coma while in
detention in Aswan. Sorour was among 25 Nubians arrested in Aswan in
early September for staging a peaceful Nile-side protest.
2017 Nov 8, An Egyptian appeals
court upheld a five-year jail term for Alaa Abdel Fattah, a leading
dissident in the 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and
opponent of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, for holding a protest
2017 Nov 8, Egyptian President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said Islamic State militants are making their
way to his country via Libya after the defeat of the extremist group
in Syria and Iraq.
2017 Nov 9, Egyptian security
officials said police have arrested 10 Nubians for taking part in
protests the past two nights over the recent death in detention of a
prominent Nubian activist in the southern city of Aswan.
2017 Nov 9, In Egypt suspected
militants shot dead at least nine truck drivers in the Sinai region
late today when they targeted a transport convoy, setting the
vehicles on fire.
2017 Nov 11, Egyptian military
said jets have destroyed 10 vehicles carrying weapons, ammunition
and smuggled goods near the country's western desert border with
2017 Nov 15, In Egypt leaders
of the local musicians union said Sherine Abdel-Wahab, a famous Arab
singer, has been banned from performing in her native Egypt after
advising a fan against drinking from the Nile River.
2017 Nov 15, In Egypt Mohamed
Badie, the leader of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood movement, lost his
appeal against a life sentence for his role in violent clashes
during political turmoil in 2013. The court also upheld life
sentences against seven other people and handed 10-year sentences to
39 and three-year sentences to 19 others.
2017 Nov 16, Egypt's armed
forces said that they have killed three "high-level" suspected
militants and arrested 74 others in sweeps in the troubled northern
Sinai Peninsula in recent days.
2017 Nov 17, Egypt’s public
prosecutor ordered that Abdelrahim Mohamed al-Mesmari, a suspected
Libyan militant, and 14 others be held for 15 days pending an
investigation of their role in a deadly attack in Egypt's western
desert last month.
2017 Nov 18, Egyptian President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, for the second time in as many days,
delivered a stern warning to Ethiopia over a dam it is building
after the two countries along with Sudan failed to approve a study
on its potential effects.
2017 Nov 18, Egypt opened its
largely sealed border with Gaza after a reconciliation agreement
with Hamas gave the Palestinian Authority control over the crossing
for the first time since 2007.
2017 Nov 19, In Egypt Saudi
Arabia and other Arab foreign ministers held an emergency meeting in
Cairo to discuss ways to confront Iran and its Lebanese Shi'ite ally
Hezbollah, who the Arab allies say are interfering in their internal
2017 Nov 21, The leaders of
Cyprus, Egypt and Greece met in Cyprus and pledged closer
cooperation on migration. They also sought to get the European Union
more actively engaged in efforts to get a grip on migration, much of
which stems from war-torn Syria and Libya.
2017 Nov 21, Human Rights Watch
urged Egypt and the United Arab Emirates to reveal the whereabouts
of an Egyptian prisoner who has disappeared, apparently after
serving his prison sentence in the Emirati capital. Abdel Aziz was
arrested in 2014 in Abu Dhabi and sentenced to three years on
charges of joining the Islah Party and the Muslim Brotherhood. He
was to be released on Oct. 20 but, his family was told he was
deported to Egypt.
2017 Nov 22, In Egypt the 13
largest Palestinian political parties agreed to a three-page
document that offered little substantive change, with no steps
agreed on key points of difference. It called for Pres. Abbas to
organize elections by the end of 2018 and backed the October 12
2017 Nov 24, In Egypt armed
attackers killed at least 235 worshippers in a bomb and gun assault
on the packed Rawda mosque, frequented by Sufis, in the North Sinai
province. The death toll soon rose to 305, including 27 children,
and 128 people injured.
(AFP, 11/24/17)(Reuters, 11/25/17)
2017 Nov 27, Johannesburg-based
organization Civicus announced that Egyptian rights campaigner
Khaled el-Balsh has won the Nelson Mandela award for individual
activism for 2017. Civicus, which operates in 145 countries around
the world, began granting the awards named after Nelson Mandela and
his wife Graça Machel in 2005.
2017 Nov 28, Egypt’s interior
ministry said security forces have killed 11 suspected "terrorist
elements" during a raid on a hideout for militants providing support
for jihadists in the northern Sinai.
2017 Nov 30, Russia's
government published a draft agreement between Russia and Egypt
allowing both countries to use each other's air space and air bases
for their military planes. The draft was set out in a decree, signed
by PM Dmitry Medvedev on Nov. 28.
2017 Nov, Egyptian police
raided a tiny alternative film venue in Cairo to prevent the
screening of a thriller critical of law enforcement that has been
banned. The officers prevented "The Nile Hilton Incident" from being
played in a makeshift, 25-seat theater because it was a downloaded
copy that didn't have government permission to be shown.
2017 Dec 2, Former Egyptian
prime minister Ahmed Shafik, who last week announced his intention
of running for the presidency in 2018, was taken from his home in
the United Arab Emirates and deported to Egypt.
2017 Dec 4, Ragia Omran, a
prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, was among 15 rights
defenders from around the world to receive the Franco-German Prize
for Human Rights and the Rule of Law, for her work representing
political prisoners and torture victims as well as advocating for
2017 Dec 4, The UN voiced alarm
over the spread of HIV in Egypt, where new cases were growing by up
to 40% a years. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.
(SFC, 12/5/17, p.A3)
2017 Dec 10, Arab foreign
ministers meeting in Cairo demanded that the United States rescind
President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's
capital, calling it a "grave" development that puts Washington on
the same side as "occupation" and the violation of international
2017 Dec 11, Egypt and Russia
signed a final contract for the building of Egypt's first nuclear
power plant, during a visit to Cairo by President Vladimir Putin.
2017 Dec 12, In Egypt prominent
activist and opposition figure Islam Marei was sentenced to three
years over his criticism of the government's decision to transfer
control over two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.
2017 Dec 13, Egyptian police
arrested three members of presidential hopeful Ahmed Shafik's
Egyptian National Movement and charged them with spreading false
information harmful to national security.
2017 Dec 14, The defense
ministers of Cyprus, Egypt and Greece agreed to step up cooperation
in combating drug, weapons and people trafficking in the east
Mediterranean and to share information on countering the threat of
2017 Dec 15, Russia and Egypt
signed a deal in Moscow to resume flights between Moscow and Cairo
starting from February, after more than a two-year break.
2017 Dec 16, Egypt reopened an
ancient library which holds thousands of centuries-old religious and
historical manuscripts at the famed St. Catherine Monastery, a
UNESCO World Heritage site, in South Sinai.
2017 Dec 16, Egypt opened its
largely sealed border with Gaza for only the second time since the
Palestinian Authority took control of the crossing from the
territory's Islamist rulers Hamas. The crossing was expected to stay
open for four days but, in the Egypt direction, for humanitarian
2017 Dec 19, An Egyptian
military court sentenced army Col. Ahmed Konsowa (42) to six years
in prison after he announced his intention to run against President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi in next year's elections.
2017 Dec 19, In Egypt a missile
attack targeted the el-Arish airport in the northern Sinai Peninsula
during an unpublicized visit to the facility by the defense and
interior ministers. An officer was killed and two others were
wounded in the attack, which also damaged a helicopter. An Islamic
State affiliate soon claimed responsibility.
2017 Dec 20, Egyptian forces
clashed with Islamic militants near the el-Arish airport. Five
militants and an army captain were killed in the fighting.
2017 Dec 20, The latest review
by the International Monetary Fund found that Egypt's economic
reforms are on track, paving the way for the transfer of another $2
billion loan disbursement, part of a three-year, $12-billion bailout
loan to support the country's battered economy.
2017 Dec 22, In Egypt hundreds
of Muslim demonstrators assaulted an unlicensed church south of
Cairo, in the latest assault on members of the country's Coptic
minority. The church in Giza, just outside of Cairo, was yet to be
sanctioned by the state but has been observing prayers for 15 years.
Authorities soon detained 15 people pending an investigation into
the attack on the church.
(AP, 12/23/17)(Reuters, 12/24/17)
2017 Dec 23, In Egypt a deadly
road accident left 13 people dead and eight others injured when a
small bus crashed into a truck on the main road connecting the
southern city of Beni Suef to Cairo.
2017 Dec 24, Egyptian security
forces killed nine suspected militants in a shootout in the Nile
Delta province of Sharqiya.
2017 Dec 25, The union of
Egyptian flight attendants angrily responded to criticism by
lawmaker Galila Othman over the weight and age of some female
attendants employed by the national carrier, saying her comments
amounted to discrimination.
2017 Dec 26, Egypt hanged 15
men convicted of attacks that killed security forces in the Sinai
Peninsula, in what appeared to be the largest number of executions
on a single day since President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took office in
2017 Dec 26, An Egyptian court
convicted a British woman Laura Plummer (33) of smuggling hundreds
of powerful painkillers into the country, sentencing her to three
years in prison. She has insisted the Tramadol tablets were for her
Egyptian partner, who suffers chronic back pain.
2017 Dec 26, Egypt’s state-run
Al-Ahram newspaper reported the acquittal of Ismail Serrag el-Din,
the founding director of the new Library of Alexandria, overturning
a three-and-a-half year sentence on charges of squandering public
2017 Dec 28, In Egypt militants
killed two people including a policeman at a bank in the North Sinai
region and wounded several others.
2017 Dec 29, In Egypt at least
10 people, including eight Coptic Christians, were killed in a
shootout outside a church and at a nearby store owned by a Christian
in the Cairo suburb of Mar Mina. The assailant and at least one
policemen were among the dead.
2017 Dec 30, An Egyptian court
convicted former Islamist Pres. Mohammed Morsi and 19 others of
insulting the judiciary, sentencing them to three years in prison in
a court session aired on TV. Another court sentenced prominent
activist and rights lawyer Mahinour el-Masry (31) to two years in
prison over participating in an illegal protest against the
government's transfer of two strategic Red Sea islands to Saudi
2017 Dec 31, In Egypt a gunman
on New Years’ eve killed two Coptic Christian brothers in an attack
on a liquor store in Giza province on New Years’ eve.
2017 In Egypt a $7.2 billion
set of reclamation mega projects was scheduled for completion. The
Toshka land reclamation project aimed to create 540,000 acres of new
(SFC, 12/25/00, p.A16)
2017 Egypt’s official rate of
inflation stood at 33%, and was likely understated.
(Econ, 9/16/17, p.41)
2018 Jan 2, Egypt executed four
alleged Islamic militants following their conviction by a military
tribunal in the killing of three military academy students in a 2015
2018 Jan 3, In Egypt Laila
Amer, a little-known female singer, was arrested for a racy video
posted online. She was charged with violating public decency and
inciting debauchery in the video, titled "Bos Omak," or "Look at
Your Mother" a pun on a popular Arabic profanity.
2018 Jan 5, In Egypt a hot air
balloon crash near Luxor killed a South African tourist and injured
several others. High winds and sandstorms swept the country,
clouding the skies at Cairo's main airport and forcing the closure
of a number of Red Sea ports.
2018 Jan 6, In Egypt tens of
thousands of soldiers and police were deployed across the country to
beef up security for minority Christians and their churches on the
eve of Orthodox Christmas.
2018 Jan 6, Egypt’s official
news agency said dozens of protesters have attacked a Cairo police
station over reports that a detainee died in custody.
2018 Jan 9, Egypt said security
forces have killed eight suspected militants in a shootout in
el-Arish city in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
2018 Jan 9, An Egyptian court
jailed 262 people from three years to life for security-related
offences during a 2013 sit-in protest against the ousting of former
president Mohamed Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood.
2018 Jan 11, Egypt's highest
appeals court overturned the conviction on corruption charges of
former President Hosni Mubarak's longtime security chief.
2018 Jan 13, In Egypt gunmen
shot dead Bassem Attallah (35), a Christian man, in the turbulent
north of the Sinai Peninsula, the latest attack to target members of
the country's Christian minority.
2018 Jan 13, Palestinian
authorities said Gaza fisherman Abdullah Zidan (33) has died, a day
after Egyptian naval forces shot him in Palestinian waters off
2018 Jan 20, Ethiopia's PM
Hailemariam Desalegn rejected arbitration by the World Bank on a
disagreement with Egypt over the hydroelectric dam that Ethiopia is
building on the Nile River.
2018 Jan 23, In Egypt former
military chief of staff Lieutenant General Sami Anan, the last
challenger seen as a potential threat to the re-election of
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, was detained and halted his campaign
after the army accused him of breaking the law by running for office
2018 Jan 26, Five independent
UN human rights experts said Egypt must stop executions until it has
reviewed all death sentences and retry any convictions that are
found to rest on unfair trials.
2018 Jan 27, Egypt's former top
auditor, Hesham Genena, suffered serious injuries to his face and
leg during an apparent kidnapping attempt that turned into a brawl
outside his suburban Cairo home. Passers-by apprehended the three
attackers, but the drivers of the two cars were able to get away
before police arrived at the scene. Two lawyers said they suspected
the attackers to be repeat criminals retained by the police as
2018 Jan 29, Egyptian
researchers announced that a dinosaur skeleton from the Cretaceous
period has been unearthed in Egypt's Western Desert. The new species
of long-necked herbivore, around the size of a city bus, was named
2018 Jan 30, A coalition of
eight Egyptian opposition parties and some 150 pro-democracy public
figures called on voters to boycott the March presidential election.
2018 Jan 30, In Egypt the Cairo
Criminal Court sentenced six alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to
life in prison over charges including the attempted murder of
soldiers and police. The court sentenced four other defendants to 15
years on similar charges, including belonging to a terrorist group,
murder and planning attacks against the state. Another two
defendants got five years in prison.
2018 Jan 30, Three Egyptian
security sources said that in recent months up to 30 more captains
and lieutenants in the security forces have joined the al Qaeda
linked Ansar al-Islam network, which is headed by one of the
country's most wanted men, former special forces officer Hisham
2018 Jan 30, An Egyptian court
imposed a $22 million fine on Qatari-owned sports broadcaster BeIN
Sports and its chief executive for violating anti-trust regulations.
2018 Jan 31, An Egyptian court
gave 15 people one-year suspended jail sentences over an attack last
Dec. 22 on an unlicensed Coptic Church in a village south of Cairo.
The Giza misdemeanor court also fined the owner of the building, a
Christian man, 360,000 Egyptian pounds ($20,500) for turning his
residency into a church without a license.
2018 Jan 31, The US State
Department labeled Egypt’s Hasm movement and Liwaa el-Thawra as
"Specially Designated Global Terrorist" groups. Egyptian authorities
believed they are splinter factions of the Muslim Brotherhood, an
Islamist organization that Egypt has outlawed since 2013.
2018 Feb 2, It was reported
that the Egyptian army is bulldozing homes and olive groves to build
a buffer zone around the airport in its troubled North Sinai
Province, where Islamic State group militants targeted the defense
and interior ministers in December.
2018 Feb 2, In Egypt a crash
involving several cars killed at least 11 people and wounded 32
others in Minya province, south of Cairo.
2018 Feb 4, In Egypt a roadside
bomb targeted a pickup truck carrying members of the security forces
in the turbulent north of the Sinai Peninsula, killing two.
2018 Feb 7, Egyptian officials
opened the border with the Gaza Strip for the first time this year.
Officials said the Rafah crossing point would operate for three days
on a humanitarian basis.
2018 Feb 8, Egyptian
prosecutors ordered the detention for 15 days of Mohamed el-Kassas,
a prominent opposition activist pending investigations into charges
that include joining a terrorist group and disseminating fake news.
2018 Feb 9, The Egyptian army
announced the launch of a major operation against jihadists across
swathes of territory including the Sinai Peninsula, heart of a
persistent Islamic State group insurgency. The military destroyed
dozens of targets, killed 16 militants and detained over 30 suspects
as part of its latest operation against Islamic militants.
(AFP, 2/9/18)(AP, 2/11/18)(SFC, 2/12/18, p.A3)
2018 Feb 11, In Egypt 33
supporters of the banned Muslim Brotherhood were sentenced to prison
terms ranging from seven years to life over violent clashes that
broke out at a protest in Cairo in 2014. Fifteen other people were
acquitted in the same case.
2018 Feb 12, The United States
and Egypt reaffirmed their commitment to battle Islamic militants in
the Middle East as US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson held talks
with Egyptian officials in Cairo at the start of his week-long trip
to the region.
2018 Feb 13, Egyptian police
took Hisham Genena, a former anti-corruption chief, to the military
prosecutor's office. Genena had run the short-lived election
campaign of former military chief of staff Sami Anan, who was
detained last month and accused by the army of running for office
2018 Feb 15, An Egyptian
military spokesman said that military and police forces have killed
a total of 53 Islamist militants and arrested 680 suspects in a
week-long offensive to crush insurgents that is focused on the Sinai
2018 Feb 17, An Egyptian court
sentenced 65 members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood to jail late
today over alleged incitement against Egypt. Eight people were
(SFC, 2/19/18, p.A2)
2018 Feb 19, Egypt's military
said three troops, including an officer, have been killed in restive
Sinai in fighting with militants. Four militants were also reported
2018 Feb 19, Israel’s PM
Benjamin Netanyahu announced a "historic" $15 billion contract for
sales of natural gas to Egypt.
2018 Feb 20, An Egyptian court
put former presidential candidate Abdel Moneim Abol Fotouh (67) on a
terrorism list, following his arrest for alleged contacts with the
banned Muslim Brotherhood. The physician quit the Muslim Brotherhood
in 2011 after disagreements over the role of religion in politics
and founded the more centrist Strong Egypt party.
2018 Feb 22, Egypt's military
said seven troops have been killed so far in a massive security
operation launched this month against Islamic militants in the
northern Sinai Peninsula and other areas. 71 militants were also
reported killed and five arrested.
2018 Feb 22, An Egyptian court
sentenced 21 people to death and seven others to up to life in
prison over belonging to a group believed to be affiliated with the
extremist Islamic State group. The court handed down life sentences
— which in Egypt are equal to 25 years — to four defendants, and
15-year-sentences to three others.
2018 Feb 27, Egypt's state
media body called on officials and the "elite" to boycott the BBC
after it broadcast a report on the repression of dissent under
President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi that addressed torture and forced
2018 Feb 27, An Egyptian court
sentenced pop star Sherine to six months in prison for suggesting
drinking from the Nile River leads to illness, although she will
remain free pending an appeal.
2018 Feb 27, In Egypt an
officer and two soldiers were killed fighting militants in the Sinai
Peninsula. Three other officers and four conscripts were wounded in
the fighting that left 11 militants dead.
(SFC, 2/28/18, p.A2)
2018 Feb 28, Egypt authorities
arrested free-lance journalists May al-Sabbagh and Ahmed Moustafa as
they prepared a report on the historic Alexandria tramway. The two
were reportedly working on a report for the Al Bayan newspaper based
in the United Arab Emirates. The two Egyptian citizens faced charges
including belonging to an outlawed group and possession of visual
and audio equipment with the intent to spread false news.
2018 Feb 28, In northern Egypt
a freight train and a passenger collided killing at least 15 people
and injuring 15 others at Kom Hamada in Behaira province.
(AFP, 2/28/18)(AP, 2/28/18)
2018 Feb, Egyptian authorities
arrested British journalist Bel Trew (33) and expelled her from the
country after threatening her with a military trial.
2018 Mar 1, Egypt's military
said two officers have been killed and two others wounded in
fighting a part of a massive security operation against Islamic
State group militants in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula and
other areas. 13 militants were reported killed in an exchange of
fire and 86 people arrested. The tally brings the army's death toll
to 12 since the operation began on February 9.
2018 Mar 2, In Egypt Mona
Mahmoud Mohammed (aka Oum Zubeida), who angered authorities by
accusing the police in a foreign news report of torturing her
daughter, was arrested and ordered detained. Ezzat Ghoneim, the
human rights lawyer who first publicly mentioned the mother's
detention, went missing a day earlier.
2018 Mar 3, Egypt's top court
dismissed all outstanding legal challenges to a deal transferring
two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, a day before a visit by its
2018 Mar 3, In Egypt a car
crash left nine people dead and eight others wounded on a desert
road connecting the capital Cairo and the city of Ismailia.
2018 Mar 4, Egypt's military
said four soldiers and 10 jihadists have been killed in a military
operation in Sinai against Islamic State group jihadists.
2018 Mar 4, Saudi Arabia's
Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman landed in Cairo at the start of his
first foreign tour as heir to the throne.
2018 Mar 5, Egypt gave a warm
welcome to Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (32),
with military fanfare and a trip to the Suez Canal meant to
underline a growing strategic partnership.
2018 Mar 7, Germany deported a
group of Egyptians to Cairo over violations of residency
requirements, including those whose asylum requests were rejected.
2018 Mar 8, Egypt’s military
said 16 troops have been killed and 19 wounded since a wide-scale
operation against Islamic militants was launched a month ago. 105
militants were also reported killed and more than 2,800 people
arrested, with many later released.
2018 Mar 11, Egypt's military
said that 16 jihadists, an officer and a soldier were killed in the
past four days during a major military operation against Islamic
State group jihadists in Sinai.
2018 Mar 16, Egypt's national
carrier EgyptAir said it would resume direct flights between Cairo
and Moscow, three years after they were halted following the bombing
of a Russian charter jet over the Sinai.
2018 Mar 19, Egypt's Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi met with Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir in Cairo.
Bashir welcomed Sisi's bid for re-election in his first visit to
Egypt since 2016. Both leaders agreed to strengthen ties and work
together to bolster trade, military and energy cooperation.
2018 Mar 21, An Egyptian court
sentenced in absentia nine alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to
life imprisonment for forming a "terrorist cell" to plot attacks on
security forces and other institutions. The Cairo Criminal Court
also sentenced another 13 defendants to 10 years each on similar
charges. These suspects were in custody and their sentences can be
2018 Mar 24, In Egypt a bomb
placed under a car exploded in Alexandria, killing two people
including a policeman, two days before presidential elections. The
bombing targeted Alexandria's security chief, police Major General
2018 Mar 25, Egyptian
authorities said police killed six militants believed to be involved
in a weekend bombing in the coastal city of Alexandria that killed
2018 Mar 26, Egyptians began
voting in an election that President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi is
virtually guaranteed to win.
2018 Mar 27, In Egypt turnout
appeared low citizens voted on the second day of an election that
President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi is virtually certain to win. All
serious rivals had been either arrested or intimidated into dropping
2018 Mar 28, Egyptian
authorities warned people to vote or risk paying a fine, as they
looked to boost turnout in a lackluster 3-day election that is
virtually guaranteed to hand President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi a
second four-year term.
2018 Mar 29, In Egypt
pro-government media reported that the initial results of the
presidential election showed a landslide win for President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who faced no serious challenge, and a turnout
hovering around 40 percent.
2018 Mar 30, Egyptian state
media reported that President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has won a second
term with 96.9 percent of valid votes, raising a previous tally from
the preliminary count. An estimate of turnout was raised to 42.08
2018 Apr 1, Egypt's military
said two soldiers were killed in the last week in the northern Sinai
Peninsula. Another two soldiers were reported wounded, and six
2018 Apr 2, Official results
showed that Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was re-elected
with 97 percent of votes, the same proportion that the former
military commander secured four years ago for his first term.
Turnout was lower at 41 percent. Some 1.76 million invalid ballots
were cast, about 7.2% of the total.
(Reuters, 4/2/18)(SFC, 4/4/18, p.A2)
2018 Apr 3, In Egypt a bus
crashed into a truck leaving seven people dead and 11 others injured
on a desert road connecting the capital Cairo and the city of Suez.
2018 Apr 4, Egypt sentenced 35
alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to life in prison for allegedly
forming "terrorist cells" to attack security forces and state
2018 Apr 4, Egypt's most
popular daily sacked its chief editor, Mohammed el-Sayyed Saleh,
amid a crisis over the paper's coverage of last month's presidential
election, which critics have dubbed undemocratic, in the latest blow
to freedom of the press in Egypt.
2018 Apr 6, Meeting in Sudan
the foreign ministers of Sudan, Egypt, and Ethiopia failed to reach
an agreement in the lingering dispute over Ethiopia's massive dam on
the Blue Nile. The Renaissance Dam is now 63 percent finished.
2018 Apr 12, Egypt and Russia
resumed direct flights, more than two-and-a-half years after they
were suspended in the wake of a bombing that brought down a Russian
passenger plane over the Sinai Peninsula.
2018 Apr 14, Egypt's President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi extended a state of emergency for another
2018 Apr 14, In Egypt militants
wearing explosive belts blew themselves up as they tried to
infiltrate a military base in central Sinai, killing eight soldiers
and wounding 15 others. The clashes at dawn left 14 militants dead.
The Islamic State group soon claimed responsibility for the attack.
(AP, 4/14/18)(AP, 4/15/18)
2018 Apr 14, An Egyptian court
upheld a life sentence against Mohamed Badie, the leader of the
banned Muslim Brotherhood, over 2013 violence.
2018 Apr 22, Egypt's parliament
passed a law banning the cultivation of crops in some areas that
require a large amount of water, amid fears that a massive Ethiopian
dam being built upstream could cut into the country's share of the
(AP, 4/23/18)(AP, 4/24/18)
2018 Apr 23, Jailed Egyptian
photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zeid won the 2018 Press Freedom Prize
awarded by the UN cultural agency UNESCO, a choice that drew
criticism from the Egyptian authorities.
2018 Apr 24, An Egyptian
military court sentenced a former anti-corruption chief, Hisham
Genena (Geneina), to five years in jail after he said a presidential
candidate had secret documents allegedly damaging to the army.
(AFP, 4/24/18)(SFC, 4/25/18, p.A2)
2018 May 6, Khaled Mohieddin
(b.1922), an Egyptian leftist opposition leader, who helped
overthrow the Egyptian monarchy in the 1952 revolution, died at a
Cairo hospital. He was the last surviving member of the
Revolutionary Command Council, an executive body that ran Egypt till
1956, when Nasser was elected as Egypt's president.
2018 May 6, In Egypt police
arrested Shady Abu Zaid, a young comedian who was working for a
popular satirical television program. He was charged with joining an
outlawed group and spreading false news and ordered detained for 15
2018 May 7, In Egypt a criminal
court in Cairo sentenced nine suspects to life in prison on
terror-related charges. The country's chief prosecutor referred 555
terror suspects to a military court on charges of joining a local
affiliate of the Islamic State group.
2018 May 7, Amnesty Int'l.
reported that Egypt is holding prisoners in "prolonged and
indefinite solitary confinement" that amounts to "torture".
(SFC, 5/8/18, p.A2)
2018 May 11, Egypt's
transportation authorities more than tripled the standard subway
fare from 2 to up to 7 pounds (40 cents) as part of government
2018 May 12, In Egypt at least
22 people were detained by police during "limited and sporadic
protests" at several Cairo metro stations by commuters demanding
that metro price hikes be reversed.
2018 May 13, An Egyptian court
acquitted two police officers who were previously convicted and
sentenced to five years over the killing of a detained lawyer. They
were accused of beating lawyer Karim Hamdi to death in February
2018 May 14, Egyptian police
detained Shady el-Ghazaly Harb, an activist known for his harsh
criticism of the government, on charges including insulting
President Abdel-Fatah el-Sissi.
2018 May 16, Egypt's President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi pardoned more than 330 young people, most of
whom had been convicted and jailed for their participation in
2018 May 17, In Egypt Arab
foreign ministers held an emergency meeting three days after the
opening of the US Embassy in Jerusalem and violence along the Gaza
border, where Israeli forces killed dozens of Palestinians.
2018 May 17, In Egypt a state
security prosecutor ordered the detention political activist Shady
Ghazaly Harb, a leading opposition figure during the 2011 Arab
Spring uprising against president Hosni Mubarak, on suspicion of
joining a terrorist organization.
2018 May 18, Egyptian security
officials arrested Haytham Mohamedeen, a prominent activist and
labor rights lawyer, on an array of charges including belonging to
the outlawed Revolutionary Socialists movement.
2018 May 22, Human Rights Watch
accused Egypt of mass demolition of homes in the Sinai Peninsula,
some of which it said might be illegal, as the military fights an
Islamist militants insurgency in the remote desert region.
2018 May 23, Egyptian security
forces detained prominent blogger and journalist Wael Abbas, the
latest activist to be arrested in what rights groups say is a
campaign to silence government critics.
2018 May 26, Egyptian activist
Hazem Abdel-Azim was taken from his home in a Cairo suburb late
today on accusations that included disseminating false news and
belonging to an outlawed group.
2018 May 26, Qatar said it was
banning products originating from the United Arab Emirates, Saudi
Arabia, Egypt and Bahrain, almost a year after those states imposed
an embargo on Doha, accusing it of supporting terrorism.
2018 May 29, Egyptian state
news MENA reported that four officials including the chairman of the
state Food Industries Holding Company (FIHC) have been arrested on
suspicion of taking bribes from commodities trading firms.
2018 Jun 2, In Egypt Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi was sworn in for a second term as president.
2018 Jun 3, An Egyptian court
renewed the detention of a Lebanese woman for a further 15 days
pending an investigation into charges including insulting Egyptians.
Days earlier the country's top prosecutor ordered the detention of
Mona el-Mazbouh after she posted a video on Facebook lashing out at
the state for the prevalence of widespread begging and unchallenged
2018 Jun 6, Egyptian state news
agency MENA said President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has pardoned 712
prisoners, and security sources said many of those freed were youth
jailed for anti-government protests.
2018 Jun 7, Egypt's President
Abdel-Fatah el-Sissi appointed a new prime minister, picking his
housing minister Mustafa Madbouly to form a government.
2018 Jun 10, Egypt's chief
prosecutor referred 28 people to a criminal court on charges
including forming an illegal group, "The Egyptian Council for
Change," aiming to topple the government.
2018 Jun 10, Egypt's official
statistics agency said the inflation rate has increased to 13.2
percent in May, ahead of a possible new round of price hikes as part
of austerity measures designed to overhaul the country's economy.
2018 Jun 10, Ethiopian PM Abiy
Ahmed announced that Egypt will release 32 Ethiopian prisoners
during his visit as he sought to assure Cairo that a massive
upstream Nile dam would not cut into its share of the river.
2018 Jun 12, Egypt said it is
raising the price of electricity by an average of 26 percent as part
of austerity measures designed to overhaul the country's economy.
2018 Jun 14, Egypt appointed a
new government, replacing several key ministers as President Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi pushes ahead with tough economic reforms and seeks to
2018 Jun 16, Egypt announced
steep increases in fuel and cooking gas prices as part of the
country's economic reforms and austerity measures designed to
overhaul the country's ailing economy.
2018 Jun 23, Egypt reported
raised pensions for military personnel and salaries for civil
servants of 15 percent amid a wave of price hikes linked to
2018 Jun 24, Egypt's President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi approved a law governing popular ride-hailing
apps Uber and Careem after the companies appealed a court ruling
that revoked their licenses.
2018 Jun 24, Egypt's parliament
approved the extension of a nationwide state of emergency for three
months from July 14.
2018 Jun 27, Egyptian security
forces killed four suspected militants in a shootout with forces in
the southern town of al-Ghanaim, Assiut province.
2018 Jun 28, Egypt's Interior
Ministry said that 10 militants involved in a bombing that targeted
the convoy of Alexandria's former security chief in March have been
killed. The ministry had reported 6 dead in the Beheira shootout in
March, shortly after the bombing, and a security official on June 27
confirmed the Assiut raid.
2018 Jun 29, The International
Monetary Fund approved the fourth installment of a $12 billion,
three-year loan for Egypt, bringing the total released to date to
just over $8 billion.
2018 Jun, Egypt's annual
inflation rate increased to 13.8 percent this month, the first time
it has jumped in 11 months following a new round of austerity
measures designed to overhaul the country's economy. The figure,
announced by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics,
covers the period from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018.
2018 Jul 7, Egyptian
prosecutors ordered the country's top media regulator to be summoned
for questioning over his decision to issue a gag order on corruption
allegations made against a children's cancer hospital.
2018 Jul 7, A Cairo court
sentenced Lebanese tourist Mona el-Mazboh (24), arrested last month,
to eight years in prison for posting a video on Facebook complaining
of sexual harassment and conditions in Egypt. An appeal was set for
2018 Jul 9, An Egyptian court
ordered the release on bail of Adel Sabri, the editor of an
independent news website. He was accused of an array of charges,
including membership in the banned Muslim Brotherhood group.
2018 Jul 9, Egypt's highest
anti-graft agency, the Administrative Control Authority, said that
Gamal Abdel-Azim, head of the country's customs authority, was
arrested while taking bribes from an unnamed businessman.
2018 Jul 15, Egypt's parliament
backed a draft bill that grants foreigners citizenship if they
deposit the sum of at least 7 million Egyptian pounds, or about
$391,000, in a local bank, save it there for five years and reside
in the country during that period. The bill still faced another
parliament session and final approval by the president, Abdel-Fattah
el-Sissi, before it can become a law.
2018 Jul 16, Egypt's parliament
passed a law that could make senior military officers immune from
future prosecution tied to violence which followed the 2013 ouster
of Islamist president Mohamed Mursi.
2018 Jul 15, Human Rights Watch
accused Egyptian authorities of using state-of-emergency and
counterterrorism laws and to unjustly prosecute journalists,
activists and critics for their peaceful criticism.
(SFC, 7/16/18, p.A2)
2018 Jul 16, Egypt's parliament
passed a bill targeting popular social media accounts that
authorities accuse of publishing "fake news," the latest move in a
five-year-old drive to suppress dissent and silence independent
sources of news. The law reinforced the state's control over the
internet, including social media accounts of organizations and
individuals with more than 5,000 followers.
(AP, 7/18/18)(AFP, 8/10/18)
2018 Jul 19, In Sudan Egyptian
President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi met with President Omar al-Bashir as
well as other Sudanese officials at the start of a two-day visit.
They vowed to set differences aside and bolster relations. They
agreed to mend ties, frayed by repeated failures to reach a deal
over an upstream Nile dam being built by Ethiopia, and the revival
of a longstanding dispute over a border territory held by Cairo and
claimed by Khartoum.
2018 Jul 21, Egypt said a new
Israeli law giving Jews the exclusive right to self-determination in
the country undermined the chances for peace in the Middle East and
the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes.
2018 Jul 21, Egypt raised
natural gas prices for households and businesses by between 33.3 and
75 percent, the latest among tough austerity measures aimed at
rebuilding the country's economy battered by years of unrest since a
2018 Jul 24, Egypt inaugurated
several power generation projects, including three power plants
built by the German conglomerate Siemens in a ceremony attended by
President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, government ministers and officials.
2018 Jul 28, An Egyptian court
sentenced 75 people to death, including top figures of the outlawed
Muslim Brotherhood group, for their involvement in a 2013 sit-in.
The sentences were subject to appeal.
2018 Jul 29, In Egypt a train
came off the rails on the Cairo-Aswan line, injuring a number of
passengers and delaying trips. Hours later Sayed Salem, the head of
Egypt's railway authority, was removed from office.
2018 Jul 29, In Egypt Bishop
Epiphanius (68), the abbot of Saint Macarius monastery in Wadi
el-Natrun, was found dead with head injuries.
2018 Jul 31, Egyptian rights
attorney said a military court has sentenced poet Galal el-Beheiri
to three years in prison for "disseminating false news" and
insulting the country's security forces.
(SFC, 8/1/18, p.A2)
2018 Aug 2, Egypt's Coptic
Orthodox Church said it will not be taking in new monks in
monasteries nationwide for a year after the unresolved death of
Bishop Epiphanius, the abbot of St. Macarius Monastery in the desert
northwest of Cairo. Epiphanius was found dead in the monastery
earlier this week.
2018 Aug 3, Egyptian media
reported that human remains were found on a beach in Marsa Alam. A
Czech tourist was killed by a shark while swimming in the Red Sea.
2018 Aug 5, Egypt's army said
troops and security forces have killed at least 52 suspected
militants in recent days.
2018 Aug 10, Reporters Without
Borders said it had restored its website in Egypt, exactly one year
after it was blocked by the authorities. RWB said it was unblocking
its site through a website "mirroring" technique, which involves
copying content and switching servers.
2018 Aug 11, Egyptian security
officials said a man wearing an explosives belt attempted to attack
a Coptic Christian church north of Cairo but failed to enter before
blowing himself up in Mostorod district, Qaliubiya province.
2018 Aug 11, Egyptian
prosecutors said a detained and recently defrocked monk, identified
as Isaiah, has confessed to collaborating with others to kill Bishop
Epiphanius, abbot of St. Macarius Monastery. The bishop was found
dead on July 29. A day later authorities detained another monk as
part of their investigation into the murder.
2018 Aug 12, The head of
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, and other leaders of the banned group
were sentenced to life in prison, on charges of incitement to murder
and violence during protests five years ago. This was the latest of
several life sentences for Mohammed Badie, who has also been
sentenced to death in separate trials since his 2013 arrest.
(Reuters, 8/12/18)(AP, 8/12/18)
2018 Aug 12, Egyptian state
news reported that security forces have killed 12 suspected
militants in raids on their hideouts in north Sinai.
2018 Aug 13, Egypt's interior
ministry said security forces have killed six suspected militants in
a raid on a house on the outskirts of Cairo.
2018 Aug 14, Egypt's Interior
Ministry said police have arrested 13 alleged Muslim Brotherhood
members accused of inciting protests on the fifth anniversary of the
violent dispersal of two mass sit-ins.
2018 Aug 15, It was reported
that Egyptian authorities are demolishing a historical 19th century
neighborhood in Cairo to make way for high-end housing and business
development a stone's throw from the Nile, angering residents who
say they have not been properly compensated. The Maspero
neighborhood was named for French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero who
helped found the Egyptian Museum.
2018 Aug 18, Cyprus extradited
Seif Eddin Mustafa, an Egyptian man who hijacked a domestic EgyptAir
flight in March, 2016, and ordered it to land in Cyprus. He was
transferred to Egyptian custody and flown to Egypt after giving up a
drawn-out legal fight.
2018 Aug 21, In Egypt John
Cooper (69) and his wife Susan Cooper (63) who worked for the Thomas
Cook holiday company in Britain, died within hours of each other
while staying at the Steigenberger Aqua Magic Hotel at the popular
Red Sea resort of Hurghada. It later emerged that 13 other customers
had food poisoning among guests at the hotel and Cook evacuated 301
of its guests.
(Reuters, 8/24/18)(AP, 8/26/18)
2018 Aug 25, Egyptian security
forces foiled an attack on a checkpoint west of the city of
al-Arish, and killed four militants while other fled. The privately
owned al-Masri al-Youm newspaper reported that four policemen had
died. The Islamic State's Amaq news agency reported the next day
that 15 soldiers were killed or wounded in what it described as an
2018 Aug 27, Egyptian police
forces killed five suspected Islamic militants in a shootout 390 km
(244 miles) south of Cairo. The fighting broke out when police
raided a suspected militant hideout in the Akhmim district of Sohag
2018 Aug 28, An Egyptian court
sentenced six people to death for their roles in a 2016 militant
attack on a security checkpoint north of Cairo that killed a
2018 Aug 29, Egypt said its
security forces have killed at least 20 suspected militants in
recent days in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula and along its
porous border with Libya.
2018 Aug 30, Egypt's President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi appointed a string of new governors to key
regions, the latest shake-up since winning re-election in March. The
majority of the new appointees were drawn from the senior army and
police ranks. Manal Mikhail in Damietta province, became the first
Christian woman ever appointed to such a position in the majority
Sunni Muslim country.
2018 Sep 1, Egypt's official
gazette said President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has ratified a law
granting authorities the right to monitor social media users in the
country as part of tightening internet controls.
2018 Sep 2, Egypt's Antiquities
Ministry said a Neolithic site has been discovered in Tell
el-Samara, about 140 km (87 miles) north of Cairo. Chief
archaeologist Frederic Gio said his team found silos containing
animal bones and food, indicating human habitation as early as 5,000
2018 Sep 4, Egyptian Abdullah
Ayman Abdel-Sameea (24) was arrested outside the US Embassy in Cairo
after chemicals in his backpack caught fire, in what authorities
said was a botched attack.
2018 Sep 7, An Egyptian colonel
was killed in central Sinai after explosives inside an empty vehicle
he was inspecting detonated.
2018 Sep 8, An Egyptian court
sentenced 75 people to death, including top leaders of the outlawed
Muslim Brotherhood, for their involvement in a 2013 sit-in protest
by Islamists that was broken up by security forces in an operation
that left hundreds dead. The court also sentenced to life in prison
the head of the Brotherhood, Mohammed Badie, and 46 others.
2018 Sep 9, In Egypt two
security officers were killed and four others injured when an
armored vehicle exploded late today in the border town of Sheikh
2018 Sep 10, Egypt's state news
reported that security forces have killed 11 suspected militants in
an exchange of fire in the North Sinai town of al-Arish.
2018 Sep 11, The European Union
condemned death sentences passed on 75 people in Egypt, saying there
were "serious doubts" over whether the defendants had been given a
2018 Sep 12, Egypt's chief
prosecutor said tests showed that E.coli bacteria were behind the
August 21 deaths of two British tourists in a hotel in the Red Sea
resort of Hurghada.
2018 Sep 12, An Egyptian court
suspended a ruling that allowed the return to work of policemen with
beards which are usually reserved for pious Muslims.
2018 Sep 13, Egyptian
authorities deported Mona el-Mazbouh (24), a Lebanese woman who was
jailed for insulting Egyptians in a video she posted online, days
after she was sentenced to a suspended one-year sentence.
2018 Sep 15, Egyptian police
detained the sons of former president Hosni Mubarak along with three
others in connection with insider trading charges for which the five
are on trial.
2018 Sep 16, Egypt's
Antiquities Ministry said a sphinx made of sandstone has been found
in the Temple of Kom Ombo in Aswan during work to protect the site
from groundwater. The ministry said the statue probably dates back
to the Ptolemaic time, 320BC-30BC.
2018 Sep 19, Cyprus and Egypt
signed an agreement paving the way for the Mediterranean’s first
subsea pipeline to carry Cypriot natural gas to the Arab country for
re-export to Europe.
2018 Sep 19, Amnesty
International accused Egypt's government of mounting a crackdown on
freedom of expression that had turned the country into an "open-air
prison" for critics. The rights group said authorities had arrested
at least 111 people since December for criticizing Pres. Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi and Egypt's human rights situation.
2018 Sep 20, An Egyptian court
ordered the release from detention of former president Hosni
Mubarak's two sons who are on trial on insider trading charges.
2018 Sep 20, EU leaders meeting
in Austria called for more intense talks with Egypt and other North
African countries to take further steps against illegal migration to
Europe, particularly by fighting those who smuggle and traffic them.
2018 Sep 22, Egypt's highest
appeals court rejected a motion by former president Hosni Mubarak
and his two sons to overturn their conviction on corruption charges.
2018 Sep 23, An Egyptian court
sentenced 64 people to varying prison terms and one man to death
over violence in 2013 when the military overthrew the elected
Islamist president. The ruling can still be appealed.
2018 Sep 26, In Egypt Coptic
monk Zeinoun al-Maqari died a day before he was scheduled to testify
for the prosecution in the trial of two monks — one of whom has been
defrocked — charged with the killing of the abbot. An autopsy showed
clear signs of poisoning. He had until recently belonged to a
monastery northwest of Cairo where Bishop Epiphanius was killed.
2018 Sep 27, Mustafa el-Nagar
(38), a former Egyptian lawmaker, went missing. His wife later said
he may have been detained by security forces.
2018 Sep 29, An Egyptian court
handed down a suspended two-year sentence against Amal Fathy, a
female activist convicted of insulting employees at a bank and using
abusive language to criticize state institutions. Fathy won't walk
free, however, as she is still held on other charges, including
membership in an outlawed group and misuse of social media networks
to spread material that could hurt security and public interest.
2018 Oct 1, In Egypt Islamic
State militant Abu Hamza al-Maqdisi was killed in an air raid at
Sheikh Zuweid, North Sinai province.
2018 Oct 3, Egypt's Interior
Ministry said that police have killed 15 suspected militants in a
shootout in the city of el-Arish, northern Sinai Peninsula, where
they are battling an Islamic State-led insurgency.
2018 Oct 4, In Egypt one person
was killed and at least three others injured in a blast at a fuel
depot on the outskirts of Cairo.
2018 Oct 6, In Egypt US First
Lady Melania Trump held talks in Cairo on the final leg of a solo
four-nation tour of Africa that will also see her visit the
2018 Oct 6, An Egyptian judge
slapped a travel ban on Khaled Ali, a former presidential candidate
and rights lawyer, over an ongoing investigation into funding for
civil society groups.
2018 Oct 8, Forces of Libyan
strongman Khalifa Haftar captured Hisham el-Ashmawy, one of Egypt's
most-wanted jihadists in the east of the chaos-ridden country. He
was accused of being behind attacks in Egypt's Western Desert
2018 Oct 9, Egypt said its
security forces have killed 10 militants in a shootout in the city
of el-Arish in the turbulent northern Sinai Peninsula. The Interior
Ministry did not say when the battle took place.
2018 Oct 10, Egyptian police
detained Abdullah Morsi (25), the youngest son of jailed former
president Mohammed Morsi, without giving a reason. The family feared
he'll be held indefinitely.
2018 Oct 10, Egypt said that
inflation jumped to 15.4 percent last month, a rise of more than two
percentage points over the previous month and the highest level
since eight months ago.
2018 Oct 11, An Egyptian
military court sentenced 17 Islamic militants to death for
involvement in deadly attacks on Christians in December 2016 and
plotting twin suicide bombings in churches in Alexandria and Tanta,
on Palm Sunday in April 2017. The court in Alexandria also issued
life sentences to 19 defendants and sentenced another nine to 15
years in prison on terror-related charges.
2018 Oct 14, The Egyptian
military said commercial truck traffic with Israel has resumed via a
border crossing in the Sinai Peninsula that had been shut down amid
the insurgency there.
2018 Oct 14, An Egyptian court
upheld death sentences for three people for establishing and running
a militant group known as Ansar al-Sharia.
2018 Oct 15, Egyptian security
forces killed nine "terrorists" in a raid on a cave hideout along
the Nile River. The raid targeted men who were planning attacks on
vital installations, resulting in a shootout that led to their
2018 Oct 15, Egypt's main
appeals court upheld a three-year prison sentence for former
lawmaker Mustafa el-Nagar and some two dozen people, including
former Pres. Mohammed Morsi, following their convictions of
insulting the judiciary. El-Nagar had gone missing on Sept. 27 and
was not present.
2018 Oct 15, Egyptian President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi arrived in Russia on a visit expected to
further boost ties between the two nations.
2018 Oct 16, Egypt extended its
state of emergency for another three months.
2018 Oct 20, In Egypt three
workers contracted to build a security wall in the northern Sinai
city of el-Arish were shot dead by suspected militants. Six
militants were killed in two separate raids by security forces
targeting hideouts in northern Sinai. The raids left two policemen
wounded following shootouts.
2018 Oct 21, Egypt's parliament
voted to extend a state of emergency in the country for three
months, prolonging the authorities' ability to use special powers
2018 Oct 21, Egypt arrested
economist Abdel-Khaleq Farouq and his publisher, Ibrahim el-Khateib,
over a book that challenged Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's economic
policies. The book — entitled "Is Egypt Really a Poor Country?" —
has not been published, but was posted online by activists. On Oct.
29 an Egyptian court released Abdul Khalik Farouk and the owner of
the print shop that published his book.
(AP, 10/23/18)(Reuters, 10/30/18)
2018 Oct 25, Sudan's President
Omar al-Bashir lifted a 17-month long ban on agricultural imports
from Egypt, during an official visit by Egyptian President Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi to Khartoum.
2018 Oct 30, In Germany
Chancellor Angela Merkel opened the G20 Compact with Africa meeting
saying it's critical "not only to talk about Africa but to talk with
Africa" about development needs and goals. So far 11 countries have
joined the program: Benin, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana,
Guinea, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo and Tunisia.
2018 Nov 2, In Egypt masked men
opened fire on three buses from different directions. Seven people
were killed in the ambush by Islamic State militants of buses
carrying pilgrims to St. Samuel the Confessor desert monastery near
2018 Nov 3, In Egypt President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's World Youth Forum opened in the Red Sea
resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.
2018 Nov 3, In Egypt security
forces killed 19 militants suspected of involvement in an attack the
previous day killed at least seven Christians near the Monastery of
St Samuel the Confessor in Minya.
(AP, 11/4/18)(Reuters, 12/8/18)
2018 Nov 8, An Egyptian court
convicted 65 suspected militants of setting up a terrorist group and
declaring allegiance to the Islamic State. 18 of them were sentenced
to life in prison.
(SFC, 11/9/18, p.A2)
2018 Nov 12, An Egyptian court
sentenced former Menoufiya province governor Hisham Abdel Basset to
10 years in prison for accepting bribes to award public works
2018 Nov 17, Egypt sentenced an
alleged Islamic State supporter to death for stabbing and killing an
82-year-old Christian doctor in Cairo in Sept. 2017.
2018 Nov 18, Human Rights Watch
said Egyptian authorities have rounded up at least 40 rights
workers, activists and lawyers since late October and detained them
in "undisclosed locations." HRW said many of those arrested were
people who provided humanitarian and legal support to families of
2018 Nov 20, Amnesty
International said that Egypt has committed "shocking violations"
against children, including torture and enforced disappearances.
2018 Nov 25, Egypt's highest
appeal court upheld death sentences against nine defendants
convicted for their involvement in the 2015 assassination of Hisham
Barakat, the country's chief prosecutor.
2018 Nov 26, Italian police
said they have detained five Egyptians accused of smuggling a
boatload of 264 migrants from Libya to Sicily.
2018 Nov 30, Hundreds of women
took part in a race in Cairo to campaign for an end to violence
against women and push for acceptance of women running in public
2018 Dec 3, Egypt opened its
first international weapons fair, an event that organizers hope will
project a message to the world that the country is secure and
2018 Dec 4, An Egyptian
survivor said 15 migrants have died in a boat off the Libyan coast
after spending 12 days at sea without food or water. Only 10
migrants from the capsized boat survived.
2018 Dec 5, An Egyptian court
sentenced five people, including Mohammed Badie the head of the
outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, to life in prison on charges
related to inciting violence and supporting militants.
2018 Dec 8, Egypt said police
have killed two gunmen who carried out a Nov. 2 attack on a bus
carrying Christians in Minya governorate to the south of Cairo.
2018 Dec 10, In Egypt Mohamed
Ramadan, a human rights lawyer, was arrested in the northern city of
Alexandria on charges including spreading false news, distribution
and possession of leaflets and yellow vests. His arrest came as
reports circulated that Egyptian authorities were restricting the
sale of yellow vests -- the symbol of an ongoing protest movement in
2018 Dec 11, Traders in Cairo
said Egyptian authorities have unofficially restricted the sale of
"yellow vests," signaling fears of possible protests inspired by
those in France.
2018 Dec 12, In Egypt Coptic
father Imad Kamal Sadeq (49) and his son, David (21), were killed at
a construction site by a security police officer in Minya province.
2018 Dec 12, Egypt released
blogger and journalist Wael Abbas, known for standing up against
police violence, after nearly seven months in detention. Abbas has
been posting about police violence, torture and corruption on social
media for more than a decade.
2018 Dec 12, In Saudi Arabia
representatives from Egypt, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen and
Jordan gathered in Riyadh to discuss an alliance of the six
countries bordering the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. No final
agreement was reached.
2018 Dec 13, Egyptian
authorities arrested a camel driver and a woman accused of having
helped two Danes scale the Great Pyramid of Giza to take a video and
naked photograph, sparking outrage in the country. The woman had put
the pair into contact with the camel driver who took them to the
site illegally at night on November 29 for 4,000 Egyptian pounds
($225, 200 euros). Photographer Andreas Hvid appears to scale the
4,500-year-old tomb on the outskirts of Cairo with a woman who is
later seen removing her top. The video "Climbing the Great Pyramid
of Giza" was posted on YouTube on December 8.
2018 Dec 13, The EU's lawmaking
body condemned Egyptian authorities for human rights abuses and
urged them to lift restrictions on free speech and assembly, halt
mass trials and stop sentencing minors to death, and release
2018 Dec 14, Egypt's state news
agency said the Arab Parliament has urged the Arab League to
reinstate Syria's membership, which was suspended seven years ago.
2018 Dec 17, In Egypt two
roadside bombs hit a police convoy in northern Sinai, killing two
conscripts. The bombs struck two armored vehicles that were part of
a convoy on a search-and-destroy mission in an area west of Rafah.
2018 Dec 17, In Egypt a German
man (18) went missing before he was due to take a domestic flight
from Luxor to Cairo, where he planned to visit his grandfather.
2018 Dec 20, In Egypt 43 NGO
workers, including at least 15 Americans, were cleared by a court in
a case concerning the work of groups promoting democracy in the
country. A lower court convicted the 43 in 2013.
2018 Dec 20, Egypt said its
security forces have killed eight militants and detained four more
who planned attacks on minority Christians during the upcoming
2018 Dec 23, Egypt said its
security forces have killed 14 militants in separate shootouts in
the city of el-Arish in the turbulent north of the Sinai Peninsula.
The government statement did not say when the shooting happened or
provide other details.
2018 Dec 27, Egyptian
authorities released Amal Fathy, a prominent activist who had
criticized the government and decried sexual harassment, after more
than seven months of detention.
2018 Dec 27, In Egypt a German
man (23) was detained at Cairo airport. On Jan. 7 German news agency
dpa reported that he still had not been heard from.
2018 Dec 28, In Egypt a
roadside bomb hit a tourist bus near the Giza Pyramids, killing
three Vietnamese and their Egyptian guide.
2018 Dec 29, Egypt's Interior
Ministry said security forces have killed 40 suspected militants in
three separate incidents in North Sinai and Giza.
2018 Dec 31, In Egypt Amal
Fathi (34), arrested in May over a video she posted online in which
she spoke out against sexual harassment, lost her appeal and was
handed a two-year prison term, as well as a fine of 10,000 Egyptian
2019 Jan 5, In Egypt a
policeman was killed late today as he was trying to defuse an
explosive device near a church in a residential Cairo district.
2019 Jan 8, Egypt blocked
Palestinians from entering the country from Gaza after Palestinian
Authority (PA) personnel pulled out of the Rafah border crossing and
Hamas officers took their place. Cairo decided to open Rafah
crossing only to Palestinians returning to Gaza, after the PA
2019 Jan 9, A Egyptian court
sentenced Ahmed Douma, one of the country's best-known activists, to
15 years' jail for rioting and attacking security forces in 2011.
The Cairo court also ordered Douma to pay six million Egyptian
pounds ($336,0005) for damages.
2019 Jan 11, Egypt deported a
German citizen early today whom it detained in Cairo airport on Dec.
27 on suspicion of plotting terrorism.
2019 Jan 12, Egyptian security
forces killed six Islamic militants in a raid on their desert
hideout south of Cairo between the southern provinces of Sohag and
2019 Jan 12, Egypt's Al-Azhar
university expelled a female student after she appeared in a video
hugging a male colleague, accusing her of undermining the school's
reputation. A video went viral earlier this month showing a young
man carrying a bouquet of flowers kneeling before a young woman and
then hugging her in what appeared to be a marriage proposal. The
Al-Azhar University strictly segregates the genders.
2019 Jan 14, In Egypt a
roadside bomb hit a police convoy in the town of Rafah in the north
of the Sinai Peninsula, killing a conscript and seriously wounding
2019 Jan 16, Egypt says its
police forces have killed five militants in a shootout in the city
of el-Arish in the turbulent northern Sinai Peninsula. It was
unclear when the battle took place.
2019 Jan 16, Egypt's capital
Cairo and some of its port cities were hit by a severe sandstorm,
with strong winds and heavy dust forcing the closure of several
2019 Jan 17, In Egypt Islamic
militants kidnapped a Christian man traveling in a communal taxi in
the turbulent north of the Sinai peninsula. He was later identified
as Adeeb Nakhlah (45), a police forensic expert. Police pursued the
kidnappers into the desert to which they fled after the incident,
killing one of them and wounding two others in a firefight, but
could not free the hostage.
(AP, 1/17/19)(AP, 1/19/19)
2019 Jan 22, Egypt said at
least seven troops, including an officer, have been killed in
clashes with militants in recent operations in restive northern
Sinai Peninsula. The military said in a statement that forces have
killed at least 59 suspected militants and arrested another 142
suspected militants and criminals.
2019 Jan 25, In Egypt Laura
Plummer (34), a British woman, was one of 6,925 prisoners pardoned
by President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi on Jan. 25, the anniversary of
Egypt's 2011 uprising. She had been arrested in October 2017 on
arrival at Hurghada, a Red Sea resort, and was accused of attempting
to smuggle hundreds of Tramadol tablets, which are legal in Britain
but banned in Egypt.
2019 Jan 27, Egypt hosted
embattled Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, saying it supports
stability in the country undergoing popular demonstrations against
al-Bashir's 29-year rule.
2019 Jan 27, Egypt says its air
force has killed several militants, including two local commanders,
in the restive northern part of the Sinai Peninsula.
2019 Jan 28, In Egypt French
President Emmanuel Macron called for "respect for individual
freedoms" as he met with his Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Cairo.
2019 Jan 29, Egypt's interior
ministry said security forces have arrested 54 people, including
suspected members of the Muslim Brotherhood, for planning to hold
protests and commit violence on the anniversary of the 2011
2019 Jan 29, In Egypt French
President Emmanuel Macron held a surprise second meeting with Pres.
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after talks with the country's top clerics,
ending a three-day visit aimed at boosting ties while raising human
rights concerns. During the visit, Macron and Sisi oversaw the
signing of some 30 deals worth nearly a billion euros (dollars)
including in transportation, education and health.
2019 Jan 29, In Egypt prominent
atheist video blogger Sherif Gaber launched a crowdfunding page
called "Help Me Escape Egypt" to aid him in purchasing another
nationality so he can override an exit ban imposed by the secret
police. Gaber has been repeatedly detained by authorities accusing
him of blasphemy, which is sometimes prosecuted in Egypt under laws
against "insulting religion".
2019 Jan 30, An Egyptian court
sentenced Souad el-Kholy, the deputy governor of the Alexandria, to
12 years in prison on corruption charges. The Cairo criminal court
also sentenced her to a one-year suspended sentence for bribery,
profiteering and squandering public funds.
2019 Jan 30, A rights lawyer
said Egypt has rounded up at least six activists in the last couple
of days in a wave of arrests coinciding with the anniversary of the
2019 Feb 3, Hamas chief Ismail
Haniyeh passed through the Rafah crossing, along with dozens of
other Palestinians to meet with Egyptian security officials in
2019 Feb 4, In the UAE Sheikh
Ahmed al-Tayeb, the Grand Imam of Egypt’s Al-Azhar mosque and
university, called on Muslims in the Middle East to "embrace" local
Christian communities during a ceremony in Abu Dhabi also attended
by Pope Francis. The Vatican and Egypt's Al-Azhar mosque and
university signed a document on fighting extremism. Pope Francis
called for an end to wars in the Middle East.
(Reuters, 2/4/19)(AFP, 2/4/19)
2019 Feb 5, The IMF said it has
approved a $2 billion loan payment to Egypt, the latest in the
country's three-year aid program.
2019 Feb 7, Egypt executed
three Muslim Brotherhood members sentenced to death following
torture and beatings to extract confessions. The three were
convicted last year for the 2014 killing of a judge's son in the
Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
2019 Feb 10, In Ethiopia
Rwandan President Paul Kagame, who led an active, reformist tenure
as African Union chair, passed the baton to Egyptian President Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi, seen as more likely to focus on security issues than
expanding the body's powers.
2019 Feb 14, Egypt's parliament
gave preliminary approval to constitutional changes that would allow
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to stay in power after his second
term ends in 2022.
2019 Feb 15, Rights group
Amnesty International slammed a "ban" it said Egyptian authorities
have imposed on family visits to scores of detainees.
2019 Feb 16, In Egypt
extremists attacked an army checkpoint in the troubled northern
Sinai peninsula at dawn, causing 15 casualties among the armed
forces including at least one officer shot dead. Seven of the
extremists were reported killed.
2019 Feb 18, In Egypt a
late-night suicide blast near Cairo's famed tourist market left two
policemen dead. Al-Hassan Abdullah (37) blew himself up after police
officers approached to arrest him. A wounded officer soon died
raising the death toll to three.
2019 Feb 19, Egyptian state
media reported that security forces have killed 16 suspected
militants in two separate raids in the city of Arish in North Sinai.
2019 Feb 20, Egypt hanged nine
men for the 2015 assassination of the prosecutor general, bringing
to 15 the number of executions it has carried out this month.
2019 Feb 23, A top Egyptian
court reversed a ban on ride-hailing companies including Uber and
2019 Feb 26, Turkey criticized
European Union leaders for attending a summit hosted by Egyptian
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi days after nine men were executed for
killing Egypt's chief prosecutor.
2019 Feb 27, In Egypt at least
25 people were killed and 50 injured when a locomotive smashed
through the buffer stop at Cairo's main train station. A fight
between two conductors led to the crash. The accident led to
the resignation of Transportation Minister Hisham Arafar and the
appointment of el-Waizir, a career army officer.
(Reuters, 2/27/19)(SFC, 2/28/19, p.A5)(AP,
2019 Mar 3, An Egyptian
military appeals court upheld a five-year sentence against Hesham
Genena, the country's former auditor, for disseminating false news
about the military.
2019 Mar 4, Egyptian
photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zaid was released after five years in
prison and returned home to hugs from family and friends, pledging
to continue working despite severe restrictions imposed on his
movements, including having to spend the nights at a police station
2019 Mar 6, Amnesty
International said Egyptian activists and journalists have been
targeted by phishing attacks coinciding with political events in an
intensifying crackdown on dissent since the start of the year.
2019 Mar 7, Egypt's the
interior ministry said on security forces have killed seven
suspected militants in two operations in Giza, across the Nile from
2019 Mar 7, Egyptian actor Amr
Waked (45), living in Spain and known for his criticism of President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's government, said a military court has
sentenced him in absentia to eight years in prison in two separate
cases, the latest in a wide-ranging crackdown on dissent and the
media in Egypt in recent years.
2019 Mar 10, Egypt's president
appointed Maj. Gen. Kamal el-Wazir, the head of the military's
engineering authority, to lead the country's transportation
ministry, less than two weeks after its minister resigned over a
deadly train crash in Cairo that killed 25 people.
2019 Mar 11, Egypt said three
troops and 46 suspected Islamic militants have been killed in recent
days in the northern and central Sinai Peninsula.
2019 Mar 12, In northeastern
Egypt remote-controlled robot jockeys lined up at a major camel
racing festival, as owners came under pressure from campaigns to
stop using child riders.
2019 Mar 13, Egypt barred the
passage, takeoff and landing of Boeing 737 MAX aircraft. No Egyptian
airlines had Boeing 737 MAX jets in their fleets.
2019 Mar 18, In Egypt new
regulations were published in the official gazette late today,
allowing the Supreme Media Regulatory Council to block websites and
accounts for "fake news," and impose stiff penalties of up to
250,000 Egyptian pounds ($14,400), all without having to obtain a
2019 Mar 21, In Egypt at least
10 people were killed in an explosion at a chemical plant in Ain
Sokhna on the Red Sea coast.
2019 Mar 22, Egypt's Musicians
Union barred singer Sherine Abdel-Wahab, popularly known by her
first name, from performing after she suggested that Egypt does not
respect free speech. It also summoned her for questioning. The
singer apologized again after the latest remarks in a TV interview
saying she was joking.
2019 Mar 23, Iraqi PM Adel
Abdul Mahdi sought Egypt's support for efforts to tackle Islamist
militants in the region during a visit to Cairo his first trip
abroad since taking office in October.
2019 Mar 27, A coalition of
opposition parties urged Egyptians to vote against constitutional
amendments that would potentially allow President Abdel-Fattah
el-Sissi to remain in power until 2034.
2019 Mar 29, Egypt released
Alaa Abdel Fattah, a blogger and software engineer, after he spent
five years in jail. Abdel Fattah was jailed for protesting without
permission in breach of a 2013 law that rights groups say
effectively bans protests. Fattah is required to spend his nights at
a police station for the next five years despite his release.
2019 Mar 30, Egypt President
Abdel Fattah el-Sissi said he has raised the minimum wage to 2,000
Egyptian pounds ($115.74) per month from 1,200 ($69.27).
2019 Mar 30, An Egyptian court
sentenced 18 suspected militants to life in prison for allegedly
forming a "terrorist cell" affiliated with the Islamic State group.
The Cairo criminal court sentenced another 12 defendants to 10 to 15
years on charges that include plotting attacks on the country's
Christian minority in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
2019 Apr 2, Egypt sentenced
more than 70 suspected members of the Muslim Brotherhood group to
prison on terror-related charges. Nearly half of the defendants were
tried in absentia.
2019 Apr 2, An Egyptian
policeman found guilty of killing a Christian man and his son in a
case that outraged the minority Coptic community was sentenced to
death. Rabee Khalifa, posted as an armed police guard outside a
church, killed construction workers Imad Kamal Sadeq (49) and his
son David (21) after an argument last December.
2019 Apr 2, In Egypt Ahmed
Abdallah, the governor of Hurghada province, said a ban on
disposable plastics, prohibiting everything from single use straws
to plastic bags in an effort to fight pollution and protect the
environment, will go into effect in June.
2019 Apr 4, Saudi Arabia, the
United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and non-Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
member Egypt said they will boycott an Inter-Parliamentary Union
(IPU) annual meeting in Doha April from 6-10 because Qatar "has not
responded to the just demands of the four countries and has
continued its supportive policy for extremism, terrorism and
interference in the affairs of the countries of the region".
2019 Apr 7, In Egypt a police
officer and his driver were killed when unknown gunmen opened fire
on a patrol in Cairo.
2019 Apr 9, Four Egyptian
policemen and three civilians, including a child, were killed in a
suicide bombing in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula.
2019 Apr 10, Egyptian security
officials said two separate explosive attacks overnight killed four
policemen, a day after an Islamic State suicide bomber killed four
policemen and three civilians.
2019 Apr 11, Egypt said its
police forces have killed 11 militants in the northern Sinai
Peninsula, after several attacks in the last two days killed eight
policemen and three civilians in the restive area.
2019 Apr 14, Egypt's President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi met with Gen. Khalifa Haftar to discuss
developments in Libya. Haftar, the commander of eastern Libyan
forces, is under international pressure to halt an advance on the
2019 Apr 16, Egypt's 596-member
parliament stacked with supporters of Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
voted on amendments allowing the president to extend his current
term by two years and stand for another six-year mandate.
2019 Apr 16, An Egyptian court
sentenced 36 people convicted of joining the outlawed Muslim
Brotherhood organization to five years in prison. They were arrested
in Alexandria in 2017 and were also sentenced to five years of
2019 Apr 17, Egyptian
authorities scheduled three days of voting in a nationwide
referendum starting April 20 on proposed changes to the constitution
that could see President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi remain in power until
2019 Apr 18, In Egypt a
coalition of opposition political parties called on voters to reject
proposed constitutional amendments that would allow President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to stay in power until 2030.
2019 Apr 20, Egyptians voted in
a 3-day referendum that aims to cement the rule of President Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi (64), the former coup leader who presents himself as
a rock of stability in a turbulent region.
2019 Apr 22, Egyptians voted
for a third and final day on constitutional changes that could keep
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in power until 2030.
2019 Apr 23, Egyptian
authorities said the amendments to extend the president's rule to
2030 were approved by 88.83% of voters, with turnout of 44.33%.
Human Rights Watch said the three-day vote on a set of
constitutional amendments, which concluded a day earlier, was
"marred by serious flaws," including reports of citizens being
forced to vote or bribed with food and money.
2019 Apr 24, An Egyptian court
sentenced two former monks to death for killing Bishop Epiphanius in
a desert monastery north of Cairo last year.
2019 Apr 30, An Egyptian court
handed life sentences to Hassan Malik, a leader of the outlawed
Muslim Brotherhood, as well as his son Hamza and five others after
convicting them of terrorism offences.
2019 May 13, In Egypt a
civilian church guard shot and killed a priest in Cairo. Officials
said the quarrel broke out in St. Mark's Coptic Orthodox Church in
the Shubra el-Kheima district when the priest refused to give money
to the guard to help him pay for his daughter's wedding. The guard
was arrested after the shooting.
2019 May 15, Egyptian President
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi opened a suspension bridge over the Nile touted
as the world's widest, one of a series of military-led,
mega-projects designed to improve infrastructure and provide jobs.
The bridge crosses the Nile's Warraq Island, which has an estimated
2019 May 16, Egypt said five
soldiers and dozens of militants were killed in recent clashes in
the country's restive northern Sinai Peninsula.
2019 May 16, Egyptian media
announced that President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi has pardoned 560
prisoners, including prominent journalist Abdel Halim Qandil and
2019 May 17, Amnesty
International said that Egyptian prosecutors ordered this week
Haitham Mohammdeen and Mustafa Maher to remain in custody for 15
days over charges of "aiding a terrorist group," a reference to the
banned Muslim Brotherhood organization.
2019 May 19, In Egypt a bomb
blast hit a tourist bus near the famed Giza pyramids, wounding at
least 17 people, including South Africans, in the latest blow to the
country's tourism industry. Security forces soon killed 12 suspected
Islamist militants in Cairo, following an explosion targeting a
(AFP, 5/19/19)(Reuters, 5/20/19)
2019 May 21, Egypt said it will
raise electricity prices for households and businesses by an average
of 15 percent, the latest in a series of austerity measures aimed at
boosting the economy.
2019 May 21, Egypt said its
police forces have killed 16 militants in raids in the restive
northern part of the Sinai Peninsula.
2019 May 22, An Egyptian court
referred the case of six alleged Muslim Brotherhood members
convicted of terrorism to the Grand Mufti, Egypt's top religious
authority, for a non-binding opinion on their execution. The six
were found guilty of killing three people, including a policeman,
among other charges. The case includes a total of 70 defendants.
2019 May 23, An Egyptian court
ordered the release of Al-Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein,
detained since 2016 on allegations of spreading false news and
defaming Egypt's reputation.
2019 May 23, Egypt’s Illicit
Gains Authority decided to lift freezes former interior minister
Habib al-Adly's assets and those of aides who were key players in
the graft that dominated Egypt under long-time autocrat Hosni
2019 May 28, Egyptian
authorities rearrested Al-Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein who was
ordered released last week after more than two years in detention on
accusations of spreading false news.
2019 May 29, Prominent Egyptian
militant, Hisham el-Ashmawi, wanted for scores of terror attacks in
his country was handed over by Libyan forces loyal to a commander
pushing to take the capital of Tripoli and flown back to Egypt.
2019 Jun 5, In Egypt Islamic
militants attacked a checkpoint in the restive northern part of the
Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 10 police in el-Arish.
2019 Jun 6, Egyptian security
forces killed 14 militants suspected in an attack on a police
checkpoint in northern Sinai where at least eight policemen died.
2019 Jun 8, Egyptian security
forces killed four suspected jihadists in restive North Sinai
allegedly involved in a deadly attack on a police checkpoint.
2019 Jun 17, Egypt's first
democratically elected president, Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi
(67), collapsed and died inside a Cairo courtroom.
2019 Jun 19, Turkish President
Tayyip Erdogan vowed to try to ensure the Egyptian government is
tried in international courts for the death of former president
Mohamed Mursi, who suffered a fatal heart attack in a Cairo court
earlier this week.
2019 Jun 21, Amnesty
International demanded that Egypt not execute Karim Hemada, arrested
at age 17 ahead of an anticipated death sentence. He was arrested in
2016 and accused of belonging to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood
group, possessing weapons, assaulting policemen and vandalizing
2019 Jun 24, German automaker
Daimler AG said its Mercedes-Benz luxury brand plans to assemble
cars in Egypt in cooperation with a local partner.
2019 Jun 24, In Russia Defense
Minister Sergei Shoigu in talks with his Egyptian counterpart,
Mohamed Zaki, said that Moscow is ready to continue helping
strengthen Egypt's defense capability.
2019 Jun 25, Egyptian police
arrested at least eight people, including a former lawmaker and key
secular activists in the country's 2011 uprising, for their alleged
ties to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group.
2019 Jun 25, In Egypt seven
police officers and four militants were killed in a clash in the
north of the Sinai Peninsula.
2019 Jul 5, The Egyptian
government hiked up fuel and cooking gas prices in another round of
subsidy cuts designed to overhaul the country's ailing economy and
meet the requirements of a large bailout from the International
2019 Jul 5, Rami Shaath (48), a
dual Palestinian-Egyptian national and a son of a prominent
Palestinian politician, was arrested at his Cairo home. He was
accused of having ties to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group.
2019 Jul 8, Egypt said it has
asked Interpol to help track down a 3,000-year-old sculpture of the
famed boy pharaoh Tutankhamun after Christie's auctioned it off last
week, for more than 4.7 million pounds ($5.9 million), despite
2019 Jul 11, Egypt arrested and
charged Karim Hussein, the administrator of a Facebook page that
supports former President Hosni Mubarak, with spreading false news
and undermining national interests after a series of posts that
implied Mubarak did more to help the poor than the current
government. Mubarak was forced from power by a pro-democracy
uprising in 2011.
2019 Jul 12, An Egyptian
delegation arrived in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip to call for
calm between Palestinian factions and Israel.
2019 Jul 12, Kuwait's Interior
Ministry said it has detained members of Egypt's outlawed Muslim
Brotherhood group convicted of terrorism crimes.
2019 Jul 14, In Egypt the
Naguib Mahfouz Museum and Creativity Center, a museum commemorating
the life and works of novelist Naguib Mahfouz, opened in Cairo.
2019 Jul 15, Human Rights Watch
said Kuwait has deported eight arrested Egyptian members of the
Muslim Brotherhood group, convicted at home on terrorism charges.
2019 Jul 17, In Egypt militants
beheaded four people in the small town of Bir al-Abd in the restive
northern Sinai Peninsula.
2019 Jul 19, Egyptian
airstrikes targeting Islamic militants in the restive northern Sinai
Peninsula killed at least 20 insurgents.
2019 Jul 20, British Airways
said it was suspending flights to Cairo for seven days for
unspecified reasons related to safety and security. Lufthansa also
suspended flights to Cairo but resumed service the next day.
(AP, 7/20/19)(SFC, 7/22/19, p.A2)
2019 Jul 22, An Egyptian court
sentenced 11 people to life in prison on charges of joining the
Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq.
2019 Jul 31, Egypt's foreign
minister said hydrocarbon finds in the eastern Mediterranean have
bolstered an already "strong partnership" with neighboring Cyprus.
2019 Jul 31, Amnesty
International said 130 detainees in a notorious Egyptian prison have
been on hunger strike for more than six weeks to protest what it
calls "cruel and inhumane detention conditions." The rights group
called on authorities to investigate the prisoners' allegations of
torture and other abuses.
2019 Jul, An Egyptian teenager
made headlines after she confessed to police that she stabbed to
death a bus driver who she alleged had kidnapped her in a deserted
rural area near Cairo and sought to sexually assault her at knife
point. In August the investigating judge upheld an appeal by the
prosecutor against an earlier court decision to release her and
ordered her detained for another 30 days.
2019 Aug 1, Egypt issued a
statement saying President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi told visiting White
House envoy Jared Kushner that Egypt supports efforts aimed at
resolving the conflict "on the basis of a two-state solution and the
creation of Palestinian State with East Jerusalem as its capital".
2019 Aug 4, In Egypt a
multiple-car crash on a Cairo street in front of the country’s main
cancer hospital set off an explosion that triggered a fire outside
the building, killing a total of 20 people.
2019 Aug 7, Egypt's President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi urged the nation to back his government's
efforts to defeat Islamic militants, saying it's the mission of
2019 Aug 8, Egyptian officials
said security forces have killed at least 17 suspected militants in
raids in Cairo and in another province. Their statement did not say
when the raids took place, or whether police forces were wounded in
the clashes with the militants.
2019 Aug 19, An Egyptian court
sentenced six people to death on terror charges for carrying out
attacks that killed at least three people, including a policeman, on
the outskirts of the capital. The Giza criminal court also sentenced
41 defendants, including 28 in absentia, to life in prison. The
charges stemmed from two different attacks in 2013 and 2015 in the
town of Kerdasa.
2019 Aug 20, Egypt said its
security forces have killed 11 suspected militants on a farm in El
Arish in the Sinai Peninsula.
(SFC, 8/21/19, p.A2)
2019 Aug 21, It was reported
that Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has ratified a
controversial bill that amends a notorious law regulating local as
well as international NGOs working in the country. Under the new
law, local NGOs must notify the government of any potential foreign
2019 Aug 29, Egyptian security
officials said they arrested a suspected militant and are pursuing
80 others in a province west of Cairo for plotting an imminent
attack. Police raided the home of Hammad Mohamed Shafei (25) in
Senofar village, Fayoum province. They said he's a member of the
militant Hasm group, which authorities have linked to the outlawed
2019 Aug 30, It was reported
that Egypt's coastal city of Alexandria, which has survived
invasions, fires and earthquakes since it was founded by Alexander
the Great more than 2,000 years ago, now faces a new menace in the
form of climate change.
2019 Sep 7, An Egyptian court
sentenced 11 people to life in prison — including the head of the
outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, Mohammed Badie — after a retrial on
charges related to mass prison breaks at the height of the 2011
2019 Sep 14, Egypt's Pres.
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi refuted corruption allegations raised by a
businessman about the country's military in a series of recorded
testimonials that went viral on social media. Officials said at
least three security force members and three militants were killed
in a militant attack on a checkpoint in restive northern Sinai
2019 Sep 18, Egypt said police
have killed nine suspected members of a militant group with links to
the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood in two separate Cairo shootouts.
A rights lawyer said prosecutors have ordered prominent leftist
activist Kamal Khalil to remain in custody pending an investigation
into charges that include joining the Muslim Brotherhood.
2019 Sep 19, Wael Ghonim, a
US-based computer engineer, said his criticism of Egyptian president
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi prompted authorities to retaliate by detaining
his brother and threatening his parents.
2019 Sep 20, In Egypt rare
anti-government protests broke out in Cairo calling on President
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to step down. Security forces speedily
dispersed the scattered protests.
2019 Sep 22, Egyptian police
killed 15 suspected militants in a shootout in the restive northern
part of the Sinai Peninsula as they raided the militants' hideout
west of the city of el-Arish.
2019 Sep 23, Rights lawyers
said Egyptian security forces rounded up hundreds of people
following small but rare anti-government protests over the weekend.
2019 Sep 24, Egyptian security
forces said they have killed six suspected members of the
now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood in a shootout in Cairo.
2019 Sep 25, Egyptian security
forces arrested three political activists over the last 24 hours
known for their outspoken criticism of Egypt's government and
president, amid an intensified crackdown on dissent following small
but rare anti-government protests over the weekend.
2019 Sep 27, Egyptian security
forces sealed off Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the so-called Arab
Spring uprising in 2011, to prevent possible protests against the
2019 Sep 29, In Egypt Alaa
Abdel Fattah, a blogger and software engineer, was arrested again.
He had been released in March after serving a five-year sentence for
protesting without permission in breach of a 2013 law that rights
groups say effectively bans protests. Mohamed al-Baqer, a lawyer
representing Abdel Fattah, was arrested later in the day while
waiting for the interrogation of his client to start at the national
security prosecutor's office.
2019 Oct 1, Egypt said it had
returned nearly 2 million people to its food subsidy program since
February, two days after tweets by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in
which he said he was personally following the politically-sensitive
2019 Oct 3, Egypt’s government
announced a decrease in fuel prices for the first time in decades, a
cut that comes after a series of hikes in recent years amid an
ambitious program aimed at overhauling the country’s ailing economy.
2019 Oct 4, In Sudan irrigation
ministers of three key Nile Basin countries met in Khartoum, seeking
to resolve differences over Ethiopia’s soon-to-be-finished Blue Nile
dam, which Cairo claims threatens its water supply. The meeting of
the ministers from Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia was expected to last
2019 Oct 5, In Sudan irrigation
ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan wrapped up a two-day
meeting in Khartoum without resolving differences over Ethiopia's
soon-to-be-finished Blue Nile dam. Egypt called for international
mediation to help reach a "fair and balanced" agreement.
2019 Oct 8, Egypt, Cyprus, and
Greece condemned an "unlawful and unacceptable" bid by Turkey to
drill inside waters where Cyprus has exclusive economic rights.
2019 Oct 8, Egyptian
authorities have released over 200 people who were among hundreds
more arrested in a crackdown following small but rare
anti-government protests last month. t 17 other suspects were
released separately the previous evening.
2019 Oct 9, Egypt denounced
Ethiopia for moving forward with building and operating a hydropower
dam on the Nile, which Cairo worries will threaten already scarce
2019 Oct 10, The family of Alaa
Abdel-Fattah, a leading Egyptian pro-democracy activist, said that
he was beaten, threatened and stripped to his underwear while in
custody. Abdel-Fattah was arrested amid a recent clampdown following
2019 Oct 10, Egyptian security
forces shot and killed a militant in the Mediterranean coastal city
of el-Arish, before he could detonate his explosive-laden belt.
2019 Oct 12, An Egyptian court
sentenced six people to death on terror-related charges for carrying
out a militant attack in January, 2016, outside a hotel near the
famed Giza Pyramids. The Giza criminal court also sentenced eight
defendants to life in prison on similar charges. Another 12
defendants received 10 years in prison.
2019 Oct 12, In Egypt a shell
hit a truck carrying civilians in the restive northern Sinai
Peninsula, killing at least nine people of the same family.
2019 Oct 12, In Egypt
pro-democracy activist Esraa Abdel-Fattah was arrested. She was
brought before prosecutors late the next day and ordered to remain
in custody for 15 days. Abdel-Fattah told prosecutors she was
tortured by police officers who beat her, attempted to strangle her
and forced her to stay in a standing position for nearly eight
hours. She remains in custody.
2019 Oct 18, Egyptian
authorities released 101 people who were among hundreds more
arrested in a sweeping crackdown following small but rare
anti-government protests last month. A local rights group tracking
the arrests said security forces have rounded up around 3,700
people, including rights lawyers, activists, journalists and several
foreign nationals since the protests on Sept. 20.
2019 Oct 18, The UN condemned
Egypt over the recent arrests of prominent activists and demanded
that Cairo probe allegations that they were tortured by the security
services while in custody.
2019 Oct 19, In Egypt shells
hit two houses in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula, killing at
least four civilians, including a child in the town of Sheikh
2019 Oct 22, In Egypt at least
seven people, including three children, were killed in the Nile
Delta and Sinai regions after heavy rains pummeled Cairo and other
parts of the country, causing massive traffic jams and flooding many
2019 Oct 24, Egypt and Ethiopia
agreed to resume talks over a giant Nile dam and reach a deal on
sharing the vital waters, downplaying a recent escalation of
2019 Oct 24, Egyptian
authorities said the death toll from heavy rains that pummeled the
capital of Cairo and other parts of the country this week has risen
2019 Oct 28, An Egyptian train
conductor forced two poor street vendors without tickets to jump off
a moving train, leading to the death of one of the youths in the
Nile Delta town of Tanta. The conductor was soon arrested.
2019 Oct 28, In Egypt a police
conscript was killed in a militant attack in the restive northern
part of the Sinai Peninsula.
2019 Oct 29, Egyptian security
forces killed 13 suspected militants in a raid in the Mediterranean
coastal city of el-Arish' el-Obour neighborhood.
2019 Oct 29, In Egypt at least
four people were killed when a vehicle crashed into a train in the
southern tourist city of Luxor.
2019 Nov 9, In Egypt a roadside
bomb killed two members of the security forces in Rafah, northern
2028 It was feared in 1998 that
Egypt's oasis at the Siwa depression would drown due to the increase
in private wells. The 35 square mile area is 142 feet below sea
(SFC, 7/11/98, p.A12)
2030 Egypt’s population was
expected to reach 116 million by this year.
(Econ., 2/21/16, p.72)