Timeline Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic

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See Czechoslovakia for events prior to 1992

28000BC    In 2010 it was reported that starch grains found on 30,000-year-old grinding stones suggest that prehistoric man may have dined on an early form of flat bread, contrary to his popular image as primarily a meat-eater. The grinding stones were discovered at sites in Italy, Russia and the Czech Republic.
    (Reuters, 10/19/10)

1973        Jul 28, In Czechoslovakia a retired major of the communist secret police heard 4 people singing an anti-communist song and called the police. They were convicted of hooliganism and sentenced to up to one year behind bars. In 2011 The Czech Supreme Court canceled the sentence. Ivan Martin Jirous, a poet and artistic leader of the Plastic People of the Universe, a nonconformist rock band banned by the communist regime, was among the four.
    {Czechoslovakia, Czech Rep.}
    (AP, 6/22/11)

1991        Feb 15, In Visegrad, Hungary, a declaration of co-operation was signed by Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The 4 became known as the Visegrad countries.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.10S)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visegr%C3%A1d_Group)

1992        Dec 31, The Nation of Czechoslovakia officially ended with division into two Nations: Slovakia and the Czech Republic. When the country split, all citizens were deemed to be either Czech or Slovak, based on their parentage. The vast majority of the Romany living in the Czech Republic are of Slovak descent, and they had to apply for Czech citizenship. In 2009 Mary Haimann authored “Czechoslovakia: The State That Failed."
    (HFA, '96, p.44)(SFC, 5/13/96, p.A-8)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.84)

1993        Jan 1, Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two new countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Slovak people never voted on the 1993 split with the Czechs. When the country split, all citizens were deemed to be either Czech or Slovak, based on their parentage. The vast majority of the Romany living in the Czech Republic are of Slovak descent, and they had to apply for Czech citizenship. Vladimir Meciar (b.1942) became the premier of Slovakia and Vaclav Klaus the premier of the Czech Rep.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladim%C3%ADr_Me%C4%8Diar)(AP, 9/21/02)(WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/13/96, p.A-8)(AP, 1/1/98)

1993        Feb 2, Vaclav Havel, president of Czechoslovakia, began serving as the first president of the Czech Rep.

1993        Aug 26, Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a friendship treaty with the Czech Republic after condemning the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia.
    (RTH, 8/26/99)

1993        Aug, A shipment of 26,800 Czech machine guns, 5,000 pistols and a large amount of ammunition was intercepted prior to shipment to Bosnia. The paperwork said it was intended for Panama.
    (WSJ, 12/11/01, p.A15)

1993        Vladimir Stehlik purchased the Poldi Steel Company at a state auction. He got a bank to finance the deal for which he overpaid and ran the business into the ground. In 1997 Mr. Stehlik was put into prison for fraud after defaulting on his loans and payments to the Czech government. He attempted to continue running operations from his cell.
    (WSJ, 1/24/97, p.A14)

1994        Feb 9, Jarmila Novotna (86), Czech-US soprano (Madame Butterfly), died.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1994        Nov 14, The Czech TV station Nova began its first commercial broadcast in Eastern Europe with the film “Sophie’s Choice."
    (WSJ, 4/30/97, p.A1)

1995        Czech Pres. Havel dedicated a small memorial to the victims of the WW II camp at Lety.
    (SFC, 12/10/99, p.AA8)

1995        US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty moved its headquarters to Prague from Munich.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

1996        Jun 2, In the Czech Republic the center-right coalition of premier Vaclav Klaus lost its majority in parliamentary elections.
    (SFC, 6/3/96, p.A10)

1996        Jul 7, The average cost of a Big Mac in the Czech Republic was $1.85.
    (SFC, 7/7/96, Parade, p.17)

1996        Jul 13, The 50th anniversary of the Czech Karlovy Vary Int’l. Film Festival.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.D7)

1996        Aug 11, Rafael Jeronym Kubelik (b.1914), conductor, died at age 82. He led the Czech Philharmonic from 1941 to 1948 and the Chicago Symphony from 1050-1953. He was then musical director at London’s Covent Garden opera house and from 1961-1979 headed the Munich orchestra of Bavarian Radio. He was the son of Czech violinist Jan Kubelik.
    (SFC, 8/12/96, p.C5)(www.britannica.com/eb/article-9046338)

1996        Oct 6, The Czech film “Kolya," directed by Jan Sverak, won the grand prize at the Tokyo Int’l. film festival.
    (SFEC, 10/7/96, D3)

1996        Nov 11, Stanislav Devaty, chief of the Czech secret service, resigned after being accused of spying on government officials. He denied the charges.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A12)

1997        Jan 4, Czech Pres. Vaclav Havel married his girlfriend Dagmar Veskrnova, less than a year after the death of his first wife Olga Havlova. Dagmar was an actress and had starred as a topless vampire in the film "The Vampire from Nosferat."
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, p.B4)(WSJ, 2/18/99, p.A1)

1997        Jan 19, The Czech film “Kolya," directed by Jan Sverak, won a Golden Globes award as the best foreign language film of 1996 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Zdenek Sverak, Jan’s father, wrote the script and played the leading role.
    (SFC, 1/20/96, p.D2)

1997        Mar, The Czech national currency, the koruna, was devalued 12%.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)

1997        Jul 8, NATO issued formal invitations to Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A1)

1997        Jul 10, Torrential rains in Poland and the Czech Republic killed at least 39 people and forced thousands from their homes. The village of Troubky was devastated and 9 people died there.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)

1997        Jul 15, The Czech trade deficit was labeled as the largest in the world relative to its economy.
    (SFC, 7/16/97, p.A1)

1997        Nov 30, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus handed in his government’s resignation in the wake of revelations that his party maintained a slush fund in Switzerland and had received campaign donations from a businessman buying a state-owned steel mill.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A10)

1997        An alleged deal to ship Czech radar systems to Iraq was stopped following a tip from Turkey.
    (WSJ, 12/11/01, p.A15)

1997        In the Czech Rep. Tomas Harabis, an itinerant photographer, founded the faux kingdom of Wallachia and crowned Bolek Polivka, an actor and clown, as king of Wallachia. Polivka had already crowned himself the Wallachian king, Boleslav I, the Gracious Forever, on his TV show. In 2002 Polivka went to court over the kingdom’s trademark. In 2008 a court ruled the Polivka has no right to profit from any association with the kingdom.
    (SFC, 2/2/09, p.A2) 

1998        Jan 2, Josef Tosovsky was sworn in as the Czech prime minister. He pledged economic reforms, privatization, and efforts to fight crime and corruption.
    (SFC, 1/3/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 20, Czech Pres. Vaclav Havel won re-election by a slim margin in a 2nd round vote of parliament.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.C12)

1998        Jan 28, In the Czech Republic prime minister Josef Tosovsky’s government won a vote of confidence in the parliament 123-71.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.A11)

1998        Feb, In the Czech Republic a young Gypsy woman was pushed into the Elbe River by 3 skinheads. Her body was recovered 2 days later. It was the 3rd attack on Gypsies in 4 weeks. 3 suspects were detained.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.C3)

1998        May, The Czech town of Usti Nad Labem approved the building of a wall to separate itself from the Gypsy neighborhood of Novy Svet. Completion was planned by Sept. The wall was scheduled for removal in late 1999 and subsidies were to be used to buy out the homes of non-Roma residents so they could move elsewhere.
    (SFEC, 7/19/98, p.A3)(SFC, 11/24/99, p.C6)

1998        Jun 21, The Social Democrats placed first in Czech parliamentary elections.
    (WSJ, 6/22/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct, US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty began broadcasting Radio Free Iraq daily from Prague.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.C1)(AP, 11/30/09)

1998        In the Czech Rep. Jiri Kajinek was sentenced to life imprisonment for a double contract murder committed in 1993. Kajinek pleaded not guilty. In 2017 Czech President Milos Zeman used his power to pardon Kajinek (56).
    (AP, 5/23/17)
1998        A Russian businessman was arrested and charged with illegally selling 365 surplus Czech armored rocket launchers to North Korea and China through Prague-based businesses.
    (WSJ, 12/11/01, p.A15)

1999        Mar 12, Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic formally joined NATO in a ceremony at Independence, Mo., where Pres. Truman announced in 1949 the formation of the Atlantic alliance for defense against the Soviet bloc.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.C14)

1999        Mar, The Czech firm Agroplast was accused of trying to ship 6 Kazak MiG fighter planes to North Korea. The planes were confiscated. Agroplast denied the allegations.
    (WSJ, 12/11/01, p.A15)

1999        Nov 20, Some 30 Czech skinheads broke into a restaurant in Ceske Budejovice and attacked a party of Gypsies. This prompted a dozen Roma families to leave the area and ask for asylum elsewhere.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.C3)

2000        Sep 15, Truckers across Europe blocked highways to protest high fuel costs. Protests hit Spain, Germany, Ireland, Poland and the Czech Republic.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A10)

2000        Sep 22, Hundreds of anti-nuclear protestors from Austria, Germany and the Czech Republic called for a halt to activation of the Temelin plant located near the Austrian border to allow for safety and environmental tests.
    (SFC, 9/23/00, p.A12)

2000        Sep 23, World Bank and IMF leaders gathered in Prague for a summit amidst protests. They issued a communique on currency markets and oil prices.
    (SFEC, 9/24/00, p.d15)

2000        Sep 26, The annual meetings of the World Bank and IMF officials officially opened in Prague with delegates from 182 nations. Protestors numbered far less than the expected 20,000. An estimated 6,000 protestors battled police with homemade gasoline bombs and cobblestones from the streets.
    (SFC, 9/26/00, p.A11)(SFC, 9/27/00, p.A14)

2000        Sep 27, In Prague IMF and World Bank officials ended their meetings a day early due to disruptions by protestors. Some 600 demonstrators were arrested from an estimated total of 12,000.
    (SFC, 9/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Oct, The Czech Temelin nuclear power plant was turned on despite protests from Austria. Malfunctions triggered 2 shutdowns in Dec.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.C14)

2000        Dec 20, Jiri Hodac was appointed by the Czech parliament as the new chief of television. Broadcast journalists went on strike the next day in anger over the appointment due to Hodac’s political bias and sympathies to Vaclav Kraus, the former premier.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A12)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B9)

2000        The Czech Security Information Service (BIS) learned that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein planned to use an anti-tank rocket to attack the US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in Prague and warned Hussein that they were aware of his plans.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2001        Jan 3, In Prague some 100,000 people gathered in Wenceslas Square to support the striking TV journalists.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A8)

2001        Jan 11, Jiri Hodac resigned as the chief of television. Over 50,000 Czech protestors continued to demonstrate in Wenceslas Square for guarantees of political independence for public television.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A17)

2001        Jan 13, The lower chamber of parliament dismissed the council that oversaw Czech Television and amended a law on how the council is appointed.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.D4)

2001        Jan 18, The Czech Temelin nuclear power plant was shut down due to vibrations in the main turbine generator. It resumed operations on Feb 25.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.C14)

2001        Apr 22, Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al-Ani, an Iraqi diplomat, was expelled from the Czech Republic. He was later reported to have met with Mohamed Atta and planned an attack on Radio Free Europe.  Five others were expelled in March 2003.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)(AP, 11/30/09)

2001        Apr, Customs agents in Bulgaria confiscated a transport plane from the Czech Republic with 6 howitzers and a cache of AK-47 rifles. The plane was scheduled to go to Georgia but had flight plans for Eritrea.
    (WSJ, 12/11/01, p.A15)

2001        Oct, The FDA approved tenofovir (Viread), made by Gilead Sciences, to fight HIV. It blocked a key enzyme in HIV called reverse transcriptase. Gilead acquired it from Czech chemist Antonin Holy and turned it into a once-a-day pill.
    (SFC, 7/14/04, p.A14)

2001        Nov 4, It was reported that both Poland and the Czech Republic would send military forces to assist the US in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A17)

2001        Pernod Ricard SA acquired the Polish vodka Wyborova, Czech bitters Jan Becher and Seagram’s Martell cognac and Chivas scotch.
    (WSJ, 9/7/05, p.B2)

2002        Mar 31, Men in the Czech Republic chased female relatives and friends for the traditional Easter leg thwacking.
    (WSJ, 3/28/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 14, Czech exit polls showed the Social Democrats, who favor quick entry into the European Union, headed for victory in parliamentary elections where 6,000 candidates sought all 200 seats in the lower chamber. Voters backed the ruling Social Democrats in parliamentary elections, and also gave the Communist Party its best showing since the collapse of communism in 1989.
    (AP, 6/14/02)(AP, 6/15/02)

2002        Jun 27, The mayor of the Bavarian town of Roeckingen, who has been missing since early March, was found dead in a forest in the western Czech Republic, police said Thursday.
    (AP, 6/27/02)

2002        Aug 11, Jiri Kolar (87), a Czech poet and artist known mainly for his pioneering work in the art of collage, died in Prague. His poetry books included "Birth Certificate" (1941)
    (AP, 8/12/02)

2002        Aug 13, Vltava River floodwaters poured into a historic part of Prague, despite the frantic efforts of rescue workers to save the ancient Czech capital from rising river levels, which have forced tens of thousands to flee.
    (Reuters, 8/13/02)(AP, 8/13/02)

2002        Oct 9, The European Union's executive Commission declared Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia nearly ready for EU membership and recommended they be invited to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria likely will be delayed until 2007 because of weak economies, the Commission said, adding Turkey was the weakest link among candidates.
    (AP, 10/9/02)

2002        Oct 26, In the Czech Republic the race for a third of the seats in the Czech Parliament's upper chamber had a record low turnout of 24 percent.
    (AP, 10/26/02)

2002        Nov 2, In the Czech Republic the opposition center-right Civic Democratic Party won 9 Senate seats in elections for 26 of 81 seats, costing the governing coalition its majority in Parliament's upper house in a result that could influence the choice of a successor to President Vaclav Havel.
    (AP, 11/3/02)

2002        Nov 20, On the eve of a NATO summit in the Czech Republic, President Bush, recalling Europe's grim history of "excusing aggression," challenged skeptical allies to stand firm against Saddam Hussein.
    (WSJ, 11/20/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/03)

2002        Nov 22, At the NATO summit in Prague, Russian President Vladimir Putin told President Bush the United States should not wage war alone against Iraq, and questioned whether Pakistan and Saudi Arabia were doing enough to fight terrorism.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2002        Dec 13, The EU reached agreement to accept 10 new countries in 2004. These included Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A3)

2003        Jan 18, The Czech Republic's ruling party nominated former PM Milos Zeman as its new candidate to replace President Vaclav Havel.
    (AP, 1/18/03)

2003        Jan 24, Czech lawmakers failed for a 2nd time to pick a successor to pres. Havel.
    (WSJ, 1/27/03, p.A1)

2003        Jan 24, In Prague, former Communist Interior Minister Jaromir Obzina (73) died of cancer. In 2001 Obzina was charged with abuse of power for his role in an operation aimed to crush political dissent between 1978 and 1984. The "Asanace" (Sanitation) program focused on some 50 dissidents, signatories of the Charter 77 human rights manifesto, resorting to threats and harsh interrogations to intimidate them and force them to leave the country.
    (AP, 1/29/03)

2003        Feb 2, Vaclav Havel stepped down after 13 years as president of the Czech Republic.
    (AP, 2/2/03)

2003          Feb 28, Czech lawmakers elected opposition candidate Vaclav Klaus as president, succeeding former president and long time rival Vaclav Havel.
    (AP, 2/28/03)

2003          Mar 6, Zdenek Adamec (19) set himself on fire in downtown Prague on to protest the Czech political situation and what he called the domination of the wealthy in the world.
    (AP, 3/6/03)

2003          Mar 8, In the Czech Republic a bus accident near Ceske Budejovice left 17 dead. 2 more people soon died from injuries sustained in the crash.
    (AP, 3/9/03)

2003        Mar 20, The Czech Interior Ministry published a list of some 75,000 people identified as agents of the former communist secret police, the STB.
    (AP, 3/20/03)

2003        Apr 8, A jobless man died in a southern Czech village after setting himself on fire in the sixth case of self-immolation in recent weeks.
    (AP, 4/8/03)

2003        Apr, Officials at the Iraqi Embassy in Prague handed over weapons to Czech authorities. Iraqi spies had used a diplomatic vehicle to smuggle in the weapons for an attack on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. The weapons included an RPG-7 anti-tank missile, six machine guns and ammunition.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2003        Jun 13-2003 Jun 14, Czechs voted in a two-day referendum on whether their country of 10 million should join the European Union. They voted overwhelmingly to join the European Union. 77.33% of voters approved the measure, while 22.67 voted no. Turnout was 55.21 percent.
    (AP, 6/13/03)(AP, 6/14/03)(AP, 6/15/03)

2003        Jul 26, Jiri Horak (79), the first leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party (190-1992) after the fall of communism, died in Florida.
    (AP, 7/26/03)

2003        Oct 28, Czech Independence Day. Cathrin Schauer published her book “Children Walk the Streets," a chronicle of child prostitution along the Czech-German border.
    (WPR, 3/04, p.45)

2003        Vladimir Spidla became prime minister of the Czech Republic.
    (Econ, 4/9/05, p.43)

2004        Jan 1, Jiri Loewy (73), a Czech journalist who campaigned against communism from exile, died in Germany.
    (AP, 1/3/04)

2004        Feb 11, Jozef Lenart (80), a former Czechoslovak prime minister cleared of treason charges for his alleged role in the 1968 Soviet-led invasion that crushed the country's democratic movement, died. He served as prime minister of Czechoslovakia from 1963-1968 and headed the Slovak Communist Party until 1988. A Slovak national he acquired Czech citizenship after Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1993.
    (AP, 2/12/04)

2004        Mar 12, Karel Kachyna (79), Czech filmmaker, died in Prague. His films included "Chariot to Vienna" and "The Ear."
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.B8)

2004        Apr 1, A gas explosion ripped through a refinery in Iraq while it was being inspected by Czech engineers, killing one and injuring two others.
    (AP, 4/5/04)

2004        Apr 27, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and EU officials signed an accord extending the EU-Russia partnership accord to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta, which join May 1.
    (AP, 4/27/04)

2004        May 1, Revelers across ex-communist eastern Europe celebrated their historic entry to the European Union. 10 new members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia) joined. Malta joined with 70 exemptions to EU rules. Poland had 43 exemptions. Latvia had 32. The Turkish occupied area of Cyprus was suspended from entry.
    (AP, 5/1/04)(Econ, 2/28/04, p.50)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.16)

2004        Jun 26, Czech PM Vladimir Spidla resigned after his Social Democrats did badly in EU elections.
    (Econ, 7/3/04, p.6)

2004        Jul 26, Czech President Vaclav Klaus named Social Democrat leader Stanislav Gross (B.1969) as the country's next prime minister, making him Europe's youngest leader and paving the way for a new center-left government.

2004        Aug 22, Ota Sik (b.1920) Czech economist and painter, died in St. Gallen, Switz.
    (SFC, 8/25/04, p.B7)

2004        Sep 9, A military Lynx helicopter crashed near the city of Brno in the Czech Republic, killing six British soldiers.
    (AP, 9/9/04)

2004        The film “Cesky Sen" (The Czech Dream) documented a bogus hypermarket created by film students Filip Remunda and Vit Klusak.
    (Econ, 8/7/04, p.43)

2005        Jan 1, The Czech Republic was forecast for 4.1% GDP growth with a population at 10.2 million and GDP per head at $11,960.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.87)

2005        Jan 14, Prague Mayor Pavel Bem got a close-up look at how the city's notorious taxi drivers operate this week when he went undercover for a ride and was overcharged by some 500 percent.
    (Reuters, 1/14/05)

2005        Apr 2, The Czech information minister resigned, becoming the 4th Czech government member to do so this week in fallout over a scandal surrounding PM Stanislav Gross' luxury apartment.
    (AP, 4/2/05)

2005        Apr 9, Czech PM Stanislav Gross said he would resign and make way for a new coalition government because of a scandal surrounding the financing of his luxury apartment.
    (AP, 4/9/05)

2005        Apr 25, Jiri Paroubek (52) was officially named as the new Czech prime minister. Paroubek, local development minister in Gross's government and deputy chairman of the Social Democrats (CSSD), became the country's third prime minister in nine months.
    (AFP, 4/25/05)

2005        May 15, The Czech Republic denied Canada its third straight title and won the world ice hockey championship 3-0 in Vienna, Austria.
    (AP, 5/15/06)

2005        Jul 30, The CzechTek rave, attended by some 5000 fans, was broken up by some 1000 riot police.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.44)(http://czechtek.muzika.cz/)

2005        Nov 1, The first Czech online daily without a paper edition, Aktualne.cz, was launched overnight.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)

2005        Dec 31, In Slovakia 7 tourists from the Czech Republic died in avalanches in the Tatra mountains. A day earlier a German was killed by an avalanche in the Swiss Alps.
    (AFP, 12/31/05)

2006        Jan 19, India said that it had agreed to pay the Czech Republic 20 million dollars to resolve a trade dispute dating back to the Cold War. The move was announced at the end of a three-day visit by Czech President Jiri Paroubek.
    (AFP, 1/19/06)

2006        Apr 3, Czech officials declared a state of emergency in seven flood-hit regions while rivers continued to rise in neighboring European countries, forcing evacuations in some areas. Flooding was also reported in Germany, Poland, Hungary, Austria and Slovakia.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 14, Cuba ordered the expulsion of a Czech diplomat, accusing him of spying for the United States. Stanislav Kazecky, who was in charge of political, cultural and media affairs for the Czech embassy, was given 72 hours to leave.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        May 6, Gen. Frantisek Perina (b.1911), a Czech WWII fighter ace who fought against Nazi Germany in the French and British air forces died in Prague.
    (AP, 5/6/06)

2006        Jun 2, Czechs cast ballots in a tight parliamentary race that revealed deep divisions over whether the nation needs bold reforms or the status quo. A forecast predicted the right wing Civic Democratic party of Mirek Topolanek would win legislative elections with 38% of the vote.
    (AP, 6/2-3/06)

2006        Jun 4, The Czech republic faced weeks of uncertainty or even fresh elections after a deadlock between center-right and leftist parties in weekend general elections.
    (AP, 6/4/06)

2006        Jun 5, Czech opposition leader Mirk Topolanek, whose party narrowly won the weekend's parliamentary elections, said he would seek a governing coalition. His Civic Democrats allied with the Christian Democrats and Greens took 100 seats of the lower house.
    (AP, 6/5/06)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.50)

2006        Jul 26, Jessica Gilbert (19), a British chess prodigy, fell from an eighth-floor hotel room window in the Czech Republic where she was competing in an international chess tournament. Her death took place days before the trial of her father, whom she had accused of rape, was to begin. In December Ian Gilbert (48), a director of the Royal Bank of Scotland, was acquitted of 5 counts of raping Jessica, while she was still a child, and 6 sexual offences against other people.
    (AP, 12/15/06)

2006        Aug 24, Leading astronomers meeting in Prague declared that Pluto is no longer a planet under historic new guidelines that downsize the solar system from nine planets to eight.
    (AP, 8/24/06)

2006        Sep 17, In northern Austria a Czech bus veered off a road and into a ditch, killing 4 people and injuring 38.
    (AP, 9/17/06)

2006        Sep 19, Cambodia's King Norodom Sihamoni started the official part of a week-long visit to the Czech Republic, a country where he spent 13 years from 1962-1975 and considers as his "second home."
    (AP, 9/19/06)

2006        Oct 3, The Czech Republic edged closer to early elections after PM Mirek Topolanek's rightist minority government was toppled in a parliamentary confidence vote.
    (Reuters, 10/3/06)

2006        Oct 27, The Czech Republic's center-right Civic Democratic Party won 14 seats and gained a simple majority in runoff elections for parliament's upper chamber.
    (AP, 10/28/06)

2006        Dec 12, Czech president Vaclav Klaus pledged to forge closer ties with Prague's biggest African trade partner as he became the first leader from the eastern European nation to visit South Africa.
    (AP, 12/12/06)

2006        In the Czech Rep. police raided 416 methamphetamine labs during the year as opposed to 19 raids in 2000. Meth abuse in the Czech Rep. was the worst in Europe.
    (SFC, 11/23/07, p.A19)

2007        Jan 20, Czech PM Mirek Topolanek said the US wants to build a radar base in the Czech Republic as part of its global missile defense system. Poland was also mentioned as a potential site. Russia in response warned of an arms race.
    (AP, 1/20/07)(WSJ, 1/22/07, p.A1)

2007        Feb 19, Gen. Nikolai Solovtsov, a top Russian general, warned that Poland and the Czech Republic risk being targeted by Russian missiles if they agree to host a proposed US missile defense system.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

2007        May 9, Pakistan and the Czech Republic agreed to boost diplomatic links and promote relations in trade, health and science.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

2007        Jun 5, US President George W. Bush sought to soothe Moscow's fury at Washington's plans to extend its anti-missile shield in Europe, saying in Prague on the eve of the G8 summit that Russia was "not our enemy."
    (AFP, 6/5/07)

2007        Jul 28, Libya said the Czech Republic, Qatar and Bulgaria contributed to an international fund to support hundreds of children who contracted HIV at a Libyan hospital in the 1990s. Libya also denounced a decision by Bulgaria's president to pardon six medics from life jail terms in an AIDS case as a "betrayal" and an "illegal procedure."
    (Reuters, 7/28/07)(AFP, 7/28/07)

2007        Aug 22, Russia nominated Josef Tosovsky, a former Czech prime minister and head of that country's central bank, to head the International Monetary Fund, a move that put the Kremlin and the European Union at odds. The Czech Republic repudiated the move and endorsed the EU’s choice.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(WSJ, 8/23/07, p.A1)

2007        Nov 10, In the Czech Rep. neo-Nazis trying to march through the Jewish quarter of Prague clashed with groups trying to stop them, and at least 80 people were arrested in outbreaks of violence around the capital.
    (AP, 11/10/07)

2007        Dec 9, A charter aircraft flying from the Czech Republic crashed near Kiev airport in Ukraine killing at least 5 people.
    (AFP, 12/9/07)

2007        Dec 20, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic halted land and sea border controls at midnight in a wave of new members of Europe's passport-free Schengen zone. They all joined the EU on May 1, 2004.
    (AFP, 12/20/07)(WSJ, 12/21/07, p.A1)

2007        Milan Kundera (b.1929), Czechoslovakia born writer, authored “The Curtain: An Essay in Seven Parts," an extended essay on the art of the novel.
    (WSJ, 2/10/07, p.P8)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.83)

2007        The population in the Czech Rep. stood at about 10.2 million.
    (SFC, 11/23/07, p.A19)

2008        Feb 15, Czech President Vaclav Klaus won a second five-year term. Lawmakers chose him over a University of Michigan economics professor.
    (AP, 2/16/08)

2008        Feb 25, Czech PM Mirek Topolanek said he will complete a deal on missile defense this week in Washington, and attributed Russian opposition to the project to lingering frustration over the collapse of the Soviet Union. During his visit Topolanek signed a memorandum of understanding that will allow Czechs to apply for a US visa waiver online.
    (AP, 2/25/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.61)

2008        Mar 1, A violent storm plagued parts of Europe and deaths rose to 10 after two people in Poland were killed by falling objects because of hurricane-strength winds. Germany reported 2 deaths, the Czech Rep. 2 deaths and 4 more in Austria.
    (AP, 3/2/08)

2008        Apr 3, President Bush won NATO's endorsement for his plan to build a missile defense system in Europe over Russian objections. The proposal also advanced with Czech officials announcing an agreement to install a missile tracking site for the system in their country. NATO decided not to put Georgia and Ukraine on track to join the alliance after vehement Russian opposition, but the alliance pledged that the strategically important Black Sea nations will become members one day.
    (AP, 4/3/08)

2008        Jul 8, The United States and the Czech Republic signed a treaty in Prague allowing Washington to build part of a missile defense shield in the central European state despite opposition from its former Cold War master Russia.
    (Reuters, 7/8/08)

2008        Jul 11, The Czech Republic’s Industry and Trade Ministry announced that Russia has reduced its oil shipments to the country without providing an explanation. The cutback was announced three days after the nation signed a military agreement with Washington that the Kremlin strongly opposes. Russia later said the supplies dropped because 2 Russian firms had decided to refine more crude at home.
    (AP, 7/11/08)(WSJ, 7/15/08, p.A9)

2008        Jul 19, Czech police said a 21-year-old British man, wanted for child sex and pornography offences in Britain, has been detained in a Prague suburb where he had been in hiding for two years.
    (AFP, 7/19/08)

2008        Aug 8, In the Czech Republic an international express train crashed into a collapsed bridge, killing at least six people and injuring dozens.
    (Reuters, 8/8/08)

2008        Sep 1, Thomas Bata (93), the Czech-born industrialist who headed the global shoe empire bearing his family's name from the 1940s to the 1980s, died in Toronto. The company's headquarters were moved to Toronto under Bata's leadership when the family's Czech factories were nationalized by the communists. The company returned to the Czech Republic in 1989 after the end of communist rule.
    (Reuters, 9/2/08)

2008        Sep 25, The Czech counterintelligence service said Russian spies operating in the Czech Republic have tried to increase public opposition to a planned US missile defense facility. Most Czechs oppose the base, according to recent polls. The Czech Republic's government has approved the missile defense treaty, but it still requires the approval of the Czech parliament, where it faces strong opposition.
    (AP, 9/25/08)

2008        Dec 19, The lower chamber of Czech parliament failed to extend a mandate for the deployment of the country's troops in Afghanistan, Iraq and other foreign missions for next year, meaning the soldiers will leave soon.
    (AP, 12/21908)

2009        Jan 1, The Czech Republic took over the six-month rotating presidency from EU heavyweight France. It will face the daunting task of implementing a $258 billion European economic stimulus package approved by EU leaders under the French presidency.
    (AP, 12/31/08)

2009        Jan 4, Russia asked the EU to provide monitoring of Ukraine's gas transit system and charged Ukraine was stealing gas bound for Europe, as Kiev leveled its own charges. Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller said that the state-controlled company wanted $450 per 1,000 cubic meters, up from its last offer of $418. The reductions in gas supplies spread to the Czech Republic and Turkey.
    (AP, 1/4/09)(Reuters, 1/4/09)

2009        Jan 14, Jan Kaplicky (b.1937), a British-based Czech architect, died in Prague just hours after his wife Eliska gave birth to their daughter Johanka. He designed the award-winning media center at Lord's cricket ground in London.
    (AP, 1/15/09)

2009        Jan 20, In Belgium the “Entropa" art installation at the EU headquarters, by Czech artist David Cerny, covered up the part that showed Bulgaria as a squat toilet after protests from the aggrieved nation.
    (AP, 1/20/09)

2009        Feb 27, Leading international financial institutions said Eastern Europe's struggling banks will receive euro24.5 billion ($31.1 billion) worth of emergency help to shore up their battered finances. Regional leaders were scheduled to meet this weekend. The Hungarian, Polish and Czech currencies strengthened on the news of the aid package.
    (AP, 2/27/09)

2009        Mar 24, The Czech government collapsed after losing a parliamentary no-confidence vote over its handling of the economic crisis.
    (AP, 3/25/09)

2009        Mar 25, Czech PM Mirek Topolanek, the current rotating president of the EU, slammed US plans to spend its way out of recession as "a road to hell."
    (AP, 3/25/09)

2009        Apr 5, In the Czech Rep. President Barack Obama set out his vision for ridding the world of nuclear arms, declaring the US ready to lead steps by all states with atomic weapons to reduce their arsenals. Obama said the US will proceed with development of a missile defense system in Europe as long as there is an Iranian threat of nuclear weapons. Obama also urged the EU to accept Turkey as a full member of the 27-nation bloc, in remarks rejected outright by France and met coolly by Germany.
    (AP, 4/5/09)

2009        Apr 9, Czech Pres. Vaclav Klaus appointed nonpartisan Jan Fischer (58) as prime minister. He will replace Mirek Topolanek on May 9.
    (WSJ, 4/10/09, p.A8)

2009        Apr 24, David Duke (59), the former Grand Wizard of the Louisiana-founded Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, arrived in Prague at the invitation of a local far-right group, Narodni Odpor (National Resistance). He was soon arrested and questioned for several hours on suspicion of promoting movements seeking the suppression of human rights. Duke was freed during the night and forced to leave the country the next day.
    (AFP, 4/25/09)

2009        May 20, EU and Chinese leaders met in Prague to tackle the economic crisis and turn the page on tensions over the Dalai Lama. Lingering differences cast a shadow over the talks.
    (AFP, 5/20/09)

2009        Jun 26, Holocaust survivors, Jewish groups and experts gathered in Prague to assess efforts to return property and possessions stolen by the Nazis to their rightful owners or heirs.
    (AP, 6/26/09)

2009        Jul 15, The EU urged Canada to restore visa-free travel for Czech visitors, removed by Ottawa after hundreds of Roma from the central European country sought asylum.
    (Reuters, 7/15/09)

2009        Aug 17, Czech media reported that two Russians have been ordered out of Prague, including a deputy military attache. Prague has previously complained about an increase in Russian spying that it linked to the US plans. Russia responded by ordering two Czech diplomats out of Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/18/09)

2009        Sep 17, Pres. Obama said he is abandoning Bush-era plans for a long-range missile defense system based in Poland and the Czech Rep. Czechs and Poles expressed rancor and relief that Obama was scrapping plans for the US missile defense shield on their territories, reflecting deep divisions over a proposal that had angered Russia.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(SFC, 9/18/09, p.A7)

2009        Sep 26, Pope Benedict XVI criticized the communist era's fierce religious persecution as he began a three-day pilgrimage to the Czech Republic, and urged the heavily secular nation to rediscover its Christian roots.
    (AP, 9/26/09)

2009        Oct 9, Czech Rep. Pres. Vaclav Klaus set out his terms for signing the Lisbon Treaty, demanding an exemption to protect Prague from post-war property claims and safeguard the sovereignty of the judiciary.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 23, The Czech Republic and NATO said that they backed a reworked US missile defense plan meant to defend against threats from Iran and other nations.
    (AP, 10/23/09)

2009        Oct 29, The EU's stalled reform treaty overcame a crucial hurdle after EU leaders agreed to last-minute demands from the Czech Republic in return for the country's ratification of the ambitious deal. Czech President Vaclav Klaus had refused to sign the treaty until his country was an offered an opt-out from its Charter of Fundamental Rights. The Czech leader asked for the option over worries of property claims by ethnic Germans stripped of their land and expelled after World War II.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, In the Czech Rep. farmers sprayed milk onto fields across the country to protest low prices.
    (SFC, 10/30/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 3, Czech President Vaclav Klaus signed the EU reform treaty, completing the ratification process of a charter designed to transform Europe into a more unified and powerful global player.
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Dec 20, Four of the world's last known 8 northern white rhinos landed in Kenya and were transported to a game park. No white rhinos are known to remain in the wild, and the animals transported have produced no offspring after nearly 24 years in a Czech zoo. Officials hoped the endangered mammals will reproduce and save their subspecies. Two northern whites remained behind; two others are in San Diego.
    (AP, 12/20/09)

2010        Jan 1, In the Czech Rep. liberalized drug laws went into effect. Those caught with small amounts of drugs intended for personal use faced only a fine.
    (Econ, 8/28/10, p.44)

2010        Jan 13, Amnesty Int’l. said the Czech Republic is defying a European court by continuing to place thousands of healthy Gypsy children in schools for the mentally disabled.
    (SFC, 1/14/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 24, The US and Russia reached a breakthrough agreement for a historic treaty to reduce their nuclear arsenals. Prague announced it will host the signing of a new US-Russian treaty to reduce long-range nuclear weapons. The deal would replace the 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
    (AP, 3/24/10)(SFC, 3/25/10, p.A10)

2010        Apr 8, In Prague President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed the biggest nuclear arms pact in a generation and envisioned a day when they can compromise on the divisive issue of missile defense. Obama and Medvedev warned Iran of possible sanctions over its nuclear program shortly after signing the disarmament deal.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AFP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 27, Czech Republic vice premier Martin Bartak said the government has approved an agreement with the United States on scientific cooperation in defense research.
    (AP, 4/27/10)

2010        May 18, In southern Poland 2 days of flooding killed at least five people. Officials closed the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial site to protect its Holocaust archives and artifacts. Heavy rains that began in central Europe last weekend also caused flooding in areas of Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, with rivers bursting their banks and inundating low-lying homes and roads, and cutting off villages.
    (AP, 5/18/10)

2010        Jun 9, In Prague nonbinding international rules for returning real estate stolen by the Nazis were presented following agreement by 40 countries.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Aug 9, In central Europe swollen rivers surged north after carving a swath of destruction across Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. At least 11 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/9/10)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 23, In the Czech Republic opposition Social Democrats won an election for one-third of Parliament's upper house, gaining a majority in the Senate for the first time. Voters were selecting 27 senators for the 81-seat Senate in the two-day balloting. The top two finishers from last week's first round were facing runoffs.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 26, The Czech Republic became the second European Union country after Spain to grant asylum to a Cuban political prisoner. Jimenez Posada, a lawyer, arrived with his wife, brother, son and niece. He was arrested in 2003 and received a 12-year prison term three years later for subversion.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Nov 3, The Czech Parliament approved a government plan to increase the number of Czech troops in Afghanistan during the next two years. It allows the deployment of up to 720 service members in Afghanistan in 2011, and up to 640 in 2012. The current mandate was no more than 535.
    (AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 4, In the Czech Rep. a two-day informal gathering of NATO experts opened in Prague. They planned to consider the impacts of defense budget cuts by member countries.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 10, Human rights groups said they have filed a complaint with the EU accusing the Czech government of failing to comply with a court order that it stop placing thousands of healthy Roma children in schools for the mentally disabled.
    (SFC, 11/11/10, p.A2)

2010        Dec, In the Czech Rep. 4,000 hospital physicians delivered resignations to protest low pay with an effective start time in March. Their current starting salary was about 4 euros per hour ($5.25).
    (SSFC, 12/26/10, p.F4)

2011        Jan 8, Former Czech foreign minister Jiri Dienstbier (b.1937) died. The reporter turned dissident had joined Vaclav Havel to help topple one of East Europe's most repressive regimes, and then served under Havel in Czechoslovakia's first post-communist government.
    (AP, 1/9/11)

2011        Feb 5, Rudolf Slavik (34) was found shot to death in a tram in Prague. In November Gilbert Ferguson McCrae (53), a US and British citizen, was found guilty for killing Slavik by shooting him in the head with a handgun. The prosecution said McCrae shot Slavik after Czech had insulted him in a bar. The conviction was upheld in 2012 and McCrae was sentenced to 16 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/8/12)(http://tinyurl.com/6oeph7f)

2011        Mar 24, The Czech Interior Ministry said Ales Mikhalevich has been given political refugee status. The Belarus political activist had been jailed and beaten after running against Alexander Lukashenko in presidential elections. Mikhalevich was released on Feb 19.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Apr 20, In the Czech Rep. a huge nitroglycerine explosion occurred at an explosives factory in Pardubice, leaving nine people injured and four missing.
    (AP, 4/20/11)

2011        Jun 15, The Czech Rep. said it is withdrawing from US missile defense plans out of frustration at its diminished role.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 13, The Czech Republic’s first gay pride parade was held in Prague under strong police guard as some 3,000 gays and lesbians marched through the city center.
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, p.A5)

2011        Nov 10, In the Czech Rep. a man opened fire at an airplane plant in Kunovice, killing two people before committing suicide.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 11, The Austria-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said very low levels of radiation, which are higher than normal but don't seem to pose a health hazard, are being registered in the Czech Republic and elsewhere in Europe.
    (AP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 23, Czech architect Karel Hubacek (87) was reported dead. His famed 1973 tower hotel, which also serves as a television transmitter on the nearby Jested mountain was named the most significant Czech building of the 20th century.
    (AP, 11/26/11)

2011        Dec 7, In Argentina Czech national Karel Abelovsky (51) was nabbed for trying to board a transatlantic flight with 247 live animals including poisonous snakes and endangered reptiles packed in a bulging suitcase.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 18, Vaclav Havel (b.1936), former Czech president (1990-2003) died. He led the 1989 Velvet Revolution that peacefully toppled communism in the former Czechoslovakia.
    (AP, 12/18/11)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.32)

2012        Jan 3, In Canada Czech emigre writer Josef Skvorecky (87) died in Toronto. He had published the works of former President Vaclav Havel and other authors persecuted by the communist government at home. His first novel was "The Cowards," written in 1948-1949, describing the atmosphere of Skvorecky's native Czech town of Nachod during the 1945 liberation from Nazism. It was only published in 1958 and then confiscated and banned. It was later translated into more than 20 languages.
    (Reuters, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 6, The Czech Republic granted asylum to Oleksandr Tymoshenko, the husband of jailed former Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko. He requested asylum because a criminal investigation has been launched against him in Ukraine in an attempt to increase pressure on his jailed wife.
    (AP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 11, The Czech government agreed to pay billions of dollars in compensation for church property seized by the former totalitarian regime. The plan will be spread over 30 years. The Catholic church was awarded $4 billion worth of property, making it the country's largest private landowner. Its holdings included 140,000 hectares of woodland, some blighted in the past by logging and acid rain. In 2014 the Catholic Fund was established and by 2017 had 1 billion crowns under its management. The woodlands were being managed with environmental and economic sustainability in mind.
    (AP, 1/11/12)(Reuters, 9/5/17)

2012        Jan 27, The Czech government signed a deal for Prague to host the headquarters of an ambitious satellite navigation system that is expected to rival the US Global Positioning System.
    (AP, 1/27/12)

2012        Feb 15, Authorities said more than 600 people in Eastern Europe have died during a record-breaking cold snap. Officials in the Czech Republic blamed two massive car pile-ups on blinding snow. Authorities in Russia said 205 people have died, while in Ukraine there have been 112 fatalities; in Poland, 107. Authorities said 7 people have died in Romania in the past 24 hours, bringing the total there to 86 deaths.
    (AP, 2/15/12)

2012        Jun 23, In Croatia at least eight Czech tourists were killed and 44 injured when a bus crashed and overturned on a major highway near Gospic.
    (AP, 6/23/12)

2012        Jul 16, Antonin Holy (1936), a renowned Czech scientist, died. His research significantly contributed to the development of antiviral drugs. He died the same day the US Food and Drug Administration approved Truvada, a drug Holy helped to create.
    (AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Sep 13, From the Czech Rep. it was reported that at least 19 people have died and 24 hospitalized after drinking cheap vodka and rum laced with methanol.
    (SFC, 9/13/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 14, The Czech Republic banned the sale of spirits with more than 20 percent alcohol content as it battles a wave of methanol poisonings that has already killed 19 people.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep 20, The Czech Republic banned the export to EU countries of spirits with more than 20 percent alcohol content after 23 people who drank bootleg booze tainted with methanol.
    (AP, 9/20/12)

2012        Sep 24, Czech Rep. officials said 2 people have been arrested in the wave of methanol poisoning that has killed at least 25 people.
    (SFC, 9/25/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec, The Czech Rep. legalized medicinal cannabis.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.59) 

2013        Jan 12, The Czech Republic held presidential elections in a direct popular vote for the first time, choosing from nine candidates to replace euroskeptic President Vaclav Klaus. Some 61.3% of Czech voters cast their ballots. Former leftist PM Milos Zeman and Foreign Minister Karel Schwarzenberg appeared to be the front runners. With no candidate achieving a majority, the top two finishers would face each other in a runoff in two weeks.
    (AP, 1/12/13)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.55)

2013        Jan 26, In the Czech Rep. former left-leaning PM Milos Zeman (68) staged a big return to power by winning 54.8 percent of the vote in the country’s first directly elected presidential vote. The president has little executive power and the country is run by the government chosen and led by the prime minister.
    (AP, 1/26/13)

2013        Feb 20, The Czech Agriculture and Food Inspection Authority said DNA tests showed two batches of frozen Nowaco Lasagne Bolognese in a branch of the Tesco supermarket chain in the western city of Pilsen contained horsemeat. Luxembourg was listed as the country of origin.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)

2013        Feb 22, Czech PM Petr Necas signed deals with representatives of 16 religious groups to pay them $3.1 billion in compensation for property that the country's former Communist regime seized from them. The left-wing opposition has asked the country's highest legal authority, the Constitutional Court, to stop it.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        Mar 4, Lawmakers at the Czech parliament's upper house decided to press high treason charges against outgoing president Vaclav Klaus over his controversial amnesty, which halted court proceedings in several high-profile fraud cases and financial scams.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2013        Mar 13, In southwest Pakistan gunmen abducted two female Czech tourists and their police guard as they were traveling on a bus through troubled Baluchistan province. On March 28, 2015, Hana Humpalova and Antonie Chrastecka returned to the Czech Rep. Their release was negotiated by Turkish non-governmental humanitarian organization IHH.
    (AP, 3/14/13)(AP, 3/28/15)

2013        Apr 15, Metropolitan Krystof (59), head of the Orthodox Church in the Czech Rep. and Slovakia resigned amid allegations of affairs with women and fathering illegitimate children.
    (SFC, 4/16/13, p.A2)

2013        Apr 24, The Czech Republic said it plans to donate 4 million koruna (some $200,000) to help the Texas town of West recover from a devastating fertilizer plant explosion. The government decided to the provide aid in solidarity because a significant number of people in the town of 2,700 have Czech roots.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        Apr 29, In the Czech Rep. a powerful explosion badly damaged an office building in the center of Prague, injuring up to 40 people. Authorities believed people may still be buried in the rubble. Police later confirmed that the explosion was caused by a natural gas leak.
    (AP, 4/29/13)(AP, 5/9/13)

2013        May 22, In the Czech Rep. rescuers arrived to tackle a fire at a family house in the Brno neighborhood of Ivanovice and discovered "that a violent crime had been commited there." Police sought Kevin Dahlgren (b.1992), an American man, suspected of killing his uncle, aunt and cousins. Dahlgren was arrested on May 23 in Washington, DC, on an int’l. warrant.
    (AP, 5/23/13)(AP, 5/24/13)(AP, 5/25/13)

2013        Jun 2, Authorities in parts of central Europe issued disaster warnings and scrambled to reinforce flood defenses as rivers swelled by days of heavy rain threatened to burst their banks. Several people have died or were missing in the floods in Germany, the Czech Republic and Switzerland.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 4, Flooding continued along the Danube and other southern European rivers. The dead included 8 people in the Czech Republic, 4 in Germany, 4 in Austria and one in Slovakia.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 9, At least 21 flood-related deaths have been reported in central Europe. A week of heavy rains and flooding caused extensive damage in central and southern Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary.
    (AP, 6/9/13)

2013        Jun 12, Czech Rep. police began conducting 2 days of raids in an extensive operation in response to corruption scandals.
    (SFC, 6/14/13, p.A3)

2013        Jun 14, Czech police and prosecutors said they believe Jana Nagyova, the top aide and alleged mistress of PM Petr Necas, ordered a military intelligence agency to illegally spy on three people. Authorities said that Nagyova's motives were "purely private."
    (AP, 6/14/13)(Econ, 6/22/13, p.58)

2013        Jun 16, Czech PM Petr Necas said he will resign over a spy and bribery scandal involving his government. He said he will also quit as chairman of his conservative Civic Democratic Party. Necas resigned the next day.
    (SFC, 6/17/13, p.A2)(Econ, 6/22/13, p.58)

2013        Jun 25, Czech President Milos Zeman appointed Jiri Rusnok, his economic adviser, as the country's new prime minister to form a government of experts, replacing the cabinet of Petr Necas who resigned last week amid a spy and bribery scandal.
    (AP, 6/25/13)

2013        Jun 26, In the Czech Rep. 11 people branded themselves in Prague in support of animal rights. A public branding in Tel Aviv last year launched the movement, called 269Life. The group's name derives from a number branded on a calf that activists encountered at an Israeli dairy farm last year. They chose its number, 269, as a way to individualize the calf.
    (AP, 6/27/13)

2013        Aug 7, A new government of technocrats appointed by the left-leaning Czech president lost a parliamentary confidence vote, leaving the country stuck in a political crisis.
    (AP, 8/7/13)

2013        Aug 13, The Czech cabinet, dominated by allies of leftist President Milos Zeman resigned, after losing a confidence vote last week, clearing the way for early elections that could resolve a political deadlock. Zeman accepted the resignation and said PM Jiri Rusnok, an economist, would stay on in a caretaker capacity.
    (Reuters, 8/13/13)

2013        Oct 25, Czechs went to the polls in an election that will swing the nation toward the left after unpopular budget cuts and graft scandals felled a center-right government.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)

2013        Oct 26, The center-left Social Democrats led the vote in the Czech parliamentary election with around 95% of polling stations across the country reporting. Party leader Bohuslav Sobotka faced the difficult task of cobbling together a majority after seven parties won seats in the election.
    (Reuters, 10/26/13)(Reuters, 10/27/13)

2014        Jan 1, In Prague Jamel al-Jamal (56), the Palestinian ambassador to the Czech Republic, died in a blast that occurred when he opened an old safe that had been left untouched for more than 20 years. An investigation found illegal weapons at the Palestinian embassy complex.
    (AP, 1/1/14)(AP, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 6, In the Czech Republic the left-wing Social Democrats, the first-place party in October's parliamentary election, signed a deal with two other parties to form a new coalition government.
    (AP, 1/6/14)

2014        Jan 17, Czech President Milos Zeman appointed center-left leader Bohuslav Sobotka prime minister, opening the way for the former finance minister to pursue looser fiscal policies and closer links with the core of Europe.
    (Reuters, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 29, Czech President Milos Zeman swore in a new government, ending seven months of political instability.
    (AP, 1/29/14)

2014        Feb 11, Czech Rep. media reported that former PM Petr Necas has been charged with bribery for his alleged role in offering state posts to three former members of parliament who had been rebelling against the previous government’s austerity program, in return for them leaving office.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/nyjfczk)

2014        Mar 5, In the Czech Rep. a Prague court ruled that an Iranian national can be extradited to face trial in the US. Hossein Nayeri was one of four men that allegedly kidnapped a California marijuana dispensary owner in 2012, tortured him, drove him out to a desert spot where the men believed the victim had hidden his money and cut off his penis.
    (AP, 3/5/14)

2014        Mar 6, The Czech Parliament banned the sale of alcoholic beverages during sessions of the lower house.
    (AP, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 13, Czech priest and intellectual Tomas Halik (65) won the 2014 Templeton Prize. Halik pushed for religious and cultural freedoms after the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 and became a leading advocate of dialogue among different faiths and non-believers.
    (AFP, 3/13/14)

2014        May 21, A Czech Rep. court in Zin sentenced 10 men up to life in prison for being responsible for a 2012 wave of methanol poisoning that killed dozens of people.
    (AP, 5/21/14)

2014        Jun 26, A Slovak court in Bratislava ruled that Czech Finance Minister Andrej Babis, a rising star of the Czech politics, did not collaborate with the communist-era secret police.
    (AP, 6/26/14)

2014        Jul 8, In eastern Afghanistan 4 NATO soldiers from the Czech Rep. were killed in an explosion. At least 10 civilians, and 2 police officers were also killed when a suicide bomber attacked Afghan and foreign forces near Charakar, the provincial capital of Parvan province. A 5th Czech soldier died of his wounds on July 14.
    (Reuters, 7/8/14)(AP, 7/8/14)(AP, 7/10/14)(AP, 7/14/14)

2014        Sep, The European commission launched a case against the Czech Rep. over the one-third number of Roma in schools for the mentally disabled. The following April it did the same for Slovakia.
    (Econ, 6/6/15, p.44)

2014        Oct 10, Pavel Landovsky (78), a Czech actor, anti-communist dissident and a friend of late president and playwright Vaclav Havel, died in Prague. Landovsky appeared in numerous movies, including "Closely Watched Trains," the Academy Award winner for the best foreign language film in 1967.
    (AP, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 14, In the Czech Rep. a woman, diagnosed with schizophrenia, stabbed a male student (16) to death and wounded two girls and a police negotiator in a rampage at a secondary school in Zdar nad Sazavou. The woman had already stabbed a teacher in an elementary school canteen full of children near Ostrava in May 2012.
    (AFP, 10/14/14)

2014        Oct 31, The Czech Republic's Parliament approved a government plan to keep up to 350 troops in Afghanistan for at least two more years. The troops will not be used for combat.
    (AP, 10/31/14)

2014        Nov 13, German police said authorities have seized 2.9 tons of a chemical used to produce crystal meth in an operation that brought 15 arrests in Germany and the Czech Republic.
    (AP, 11/13/14)

2014        Nov 14, In the Czech Rep. a powerful tremor killed 3 men working in a coal mine of the OKD mining company in Karvina.
    (AP, 11/14/14)

2014        Nov, In the Czech Rep. two poisoned letters were intercepted before reaching the intended recipients, Finance Minister Andrej Babis and Interior Minister Milan Chovanec. No one was hurt. In December an Italian citizen (24) from Gorizia, Italy, was arrested in Slovenia.
    (Reuters, 1/13/15)

2015        Feb 19, It was reported that the Czech humanitarian organization, People in Need, is setting up an international center to support activists in former Soviet Union countries who face pressure from their governments. It is being co-financed by the US Agency for International Development, the Swedish and Czech governments, and two private US foundations.
    (Reuters, 2/19/15)

2015        Feb 24, In the Czech Rep. 8 people were reported shot dead in the Druzba restaurant in then eastern town of Uhersky Brod. The attacker (60) killed himself after the shooting spree.
    (Reuters, 2/24/15)

2015        Feb 26, In the Czech Rep. a court convicted Roman Catholic priest Erik Tvrdon of rape and sexual abuse and sentenced him to five years in prison. He was found guilty of raping four women and sexually abusing a minor.
    (AP, 2/26/15)

2015        Apr 3, Czech police said they have seized a record amount of cocaine in a shipment of bananas for a supermarket. More than 100 kg (220 pounds) of cocaine, with a street value of some $40 million, was packed among the bananas.
    (AP, 4/3/15)

2015        Apr 9, Czech PM Bohuslav Sobotka said the government plans to create a register of citizens who could be called up for military service, in response to growing concerns over threats from Islamic State and insecurity in Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 4/9/15)

2015        Apr 16, Stanislav Gross (45), who became the Czech Republic's youngest prime minister, died. Gross became premier at the age of 34 in July 2004 and took over as chairman of the leftist Social Democrats. He resigned nine months later after weeks of political crisis sparked by a scandal over the financing of his luxury apartment.
    (AP, 4/16/15)

2015        Jun 3, The Czech government said it has approved a long-term plan to increase nuclear power production with one more reactor at the Temelin nuclear plant and another at the Dukovany plant, with an option to build yet another reactor at each plant.
    (AP, 6/3/15)

2015        Jul 22, In the Czech Rep. a high speed train hit a truck at a rail crossing in the eastern town of Studenka as it was traveling from Bohumin to the western spa of Frantiskovy Lazne. 2 people were killed and a 3rd died of injuries the next day. In 2016 a Czech court convicted a Polish truck driver of being responsible for the collision and sentenced him to 8 1/2 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/23/15)(AP, 2/24/16)

2015        Jul 23, In the Czech Rep. a Prague court convicted David Rath, a former prominent member of the ruling Social Democrats, of corruption and sentenced him to eight and a half years in prison.
    (AP, 7/23/15)

2015        Sep 4, In a joint statement the prime ministers of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia rejected any quota system for accepting migrants in the European Union's 28 members.
    (AP, 9/4/15)

2015        Sep 10, In the Czech Rep. Radim Palous (90), a leading anti-communist dissident and the first rector of Prague's Charles University after the collapse of communism, died. He was among the first to sign the Charter 77 human rights manifesto inspired by Vaclav Havel and became its spokesman in 1982 and '83. During the 1989 Velvet Revolution, he was among the leaders of the Civic Forum that oversaw the transition to democracy.
    (AP, 9/11/15)

2015        Sep 21, In the Czech Rep. a gunpowder explosion took place in the Sellier & Bellot plant in the town of Vlasim. At least 3 workers were killed.
    (AP, 9/22/15)

2015        Oct 7, Czech police said they have seized an unusually large amount of powerful illegal explosives and further dangerous substances and arrested four people who allegedly wanted to sell them on the black market.
    (AP, 10/7/15)   

2015        Oct 8, In the Czech Rep. a Prague court convicted Qatari royal family member Hamad bin Abdallah bin Thani Al Thani of sexually abusing minors and sentenced him to 11 months and eight days in prison. Czech authorities reopened the trial in 2009 after Qatar failed to prosecute him and issued an international arrest warrant for him in 2011.
    (AP, 10/8/15)

2015        Oct 22, UN human rights chief Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein accused the Czech Republic of committing systematic human rights violations by detaining refugees for up to 90 days and strip-searching them for money to pay for their own detention.
    (Reuters, 10/22/15)

2015        Nov 10, Twenty Iraqis at a Czech detention center for migrants began a hunger strike amid fears of being sent back home. By Nov 12 the number had grown to 60.
    (AFP, 11/12/15)

2015        Dec 14, Ales Vesely (80), a Czech artist known for his monumental sculptures, was found dead in his Prague apartment.
    (AP, 12/16/15)

2015        The Czech Rep. accepted 520 Muslim refugees this year.
    (Econ, 1/30/16, p.43)

2016        Jan 12, Czech police said they have broken a ring that was allegedly producing large amounts of methamphetamine for illegal sale in western Europe.
    (AP, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 25, The Czech PM Bohuslav Sobotka said his government has approved a plan to donate further weapons and ammunition to Iraq and also ammunition to Jordan to help them fight Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 1/25/16)

2016        Jan 26, Czech airline Travel Service said it has signed deals to buy 16 new Boeing 737 MAX jets.
    (AP, 1/26/16)

2016        Feb 8, In the Czech Rep. hundreds of taxi drivers blocked a major road in downtown Prague to demand higher pay and protest alternative services such as Uber.
    (AP, 2/8/16)

2016        Mar 18, In the Czech Rep. film director Jan Nemec (79), a representative of the new wave of Czechoslovak cinema in the 1960s, died. His films included "Diamonds of the Night" (1964), about two boys escaping from a transport to a Nazi death camp and "Report on the Party and Guests" (1966), targeting totalitarian power. After "Oratorio for Prague," a documentary about the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia, Nemec was banned and lived in Germany and the United States from 1974 to 1989.
    (AP, 3/19/16)

2016        Feb, In the Czech Rep. a lower court gave Marek Dalik, a close friend and adviser of former PM Mirek Topolanek, five years in prison. He was accused of asking for 18 million euros ($20.1 million) in 2007 at a meeting with managers from Steyr, an Austrian unit of U.S. General Dynamics Corp. In exchange, Dalik promised to use his influence to save a $1.3 billion deal for the company.
    (AP, 5/31/16)

2016        Mar 28, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in the Czech Republic for a visit aimed at boosting economic and political ties.
    (AP, 3/28/16)

2016        Mar 29, Czech Rep. Pres. Milos Zeman signed a strategic partnership with China's Pres. Xi Jinping during a visit that was marked by official honors and public protests.
    (AP, 3/29/16)

2016        Mar 30, The Czech government approved a Defense Ministry plan to send up to 35 instructors to Iraq to train pilots for Czech-made planes. The deployment still needed approval by Parliament.
    (AP, 3/30/16)

2016        Apr 14, The Czech Republic's leaders chose "Czechia" as the one-word alternative name of their country to make it easier for companies, politicians and sportsmen to use on products, name tags and jerseys. On April 12 foreign minister Lubomir Zaoralek had suggested English speakers should begin referring to the Czech Rep. as Czechia. The first use of the English term Czechia came in 1841 in an encyclopedia written by two English churchmen.
    (Reuters, 4/15/16)(Econ, 4/23/16, p.43)(Econ, 4/30/16, p.13)

2016        May 24, Czech PM Bohuslav Sobotka berated members of ruling coalition partner ANO for blocking a government-proposed anti-smoking bill in parliament, calling their vote against a national ban a "disgrace".
    (Reuters, 5/25/16)

2016        May 31, A Czech appeals court ruled that Marek Dalik, a close friend and adviser of former PM Mirek Topolanek, is guilty of fraud and sentenced him to four years in prison.
    (AP, 5/31/16)   

2016        Jun 28, The Czech Constitutional court overturned a law that banned individual gays and lesbians living in registered partnership from adopting children.
    (SFC, 6/29/16, p.A2)

2016        Jun, In the Czech Rep. there were an estimated 10,000 hard-core injecting drug addicts in Prague. Drug contact centers were unable to keep up.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.56)

2016        Jul 20, A Czech court sentenced US citizen Kevin Dahlgren to life in prison for stabbing to death a family of four of his relatives whom he had been visiting in 2013.
    (Reuters, 7/20/16)
2016        Jul 20, Czech police said an international law enforcement team has broken up a gang that allegedly produced amphetamines to distribute on the black market in Sweden. Police said seven suspected members of the group have been arrested in a joint operation by Czech, Swedish and Hungarian forces.
    (AP, 7/20/16)

2016        Aug 30, Vera Caslavska (74), a seven-time Olympic gymnastics gold medalist who stood up against the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia, died in Prague.
    (AP, 8/31/16)

2016        Sep 18, Czech police detained Oleg Vorotnikov (38), a founding member of the Russian underground art collective Voina, wanted in Russia over a series of high-profile stunts that authorities branded insulting and violent. Vorotnikov was released on Sep 21  and allowed to stay in the Czech Republic during extradition proceedings. Prague had not yet received an official extradition request, which must be filed within 40 days.
    (Reuters, 9/20/16)(Reuters, 9/21/16)

2016        Oct 5, Czech police arrested a Russian hacker in a Prague hotel. He was suspected of cyberattacks in the United States. After the arrest suspect Yevgeniy Nikulin collapsed, received first aid treatment and was hospitalized. LinkedIn had confirmed a breach in May and cooperated with the FBI to track the suspect down.
    (AP, 10/19/16)(SFC, 10/20/16, p.C4)

2016        Nov 23, The Czech justice ministry said the United States and Russia have both requested the extradition of Yevgeniy Nikulin, a Russian arrested in Prague and indicted in the US for hacking computers of social media companies.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)

2016        Dec 14, The Czech Republic's defense minister said the country's military has decided to purchase Israeli-made radars for its military. The army will pay 2.9 billion koruna ($114 million) for a total of eight ELM 2084 MMR radars made by the Israeli state-run IAI Elta company.
    (AP, 12/14/16)

2016        Dec 19, Czech President Milos Zeman blocked a bill limiting politicians' business interests, returning to parliament a law that would clip the wings of billionaire Finance Minister Andrej Babis if it came into effect.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)

2016        Dec 23, Czech airline Travel Service signed a deal to buy five more new Boeing 737 MAX jets. This brought to 30 the total number of such Boeing aircraft that Travel Service has recently agreed to buy.
    (AP, 1/4/17)

2017        Jan 4, Czech authorities said they had detected highly-contagious bird flu at two small poultry farms and in dead swans in the first such cases in a decade.
    (AFP, 1/4/17)

2017        Jan 9, The Czech Republic said it has approved a plan for Czech and Slovak air forces to cooperate in protecting air spaces over the two neighboring countries that once formed Czechoslovakia. Slovakia's government had already approved the deal.
    (AP, 1/9/17)

2017        Jan 10, In Czech Rep. the wife of former Czech PM Petr Necas was convicted of leaking a classified document and received an 18-month suspended sentence. Jana Necasova — Jana Nagyova at the time — leaked the content of a 2012 report by the country's BIS spy agency to Ivo Rittig, a lobbyist.
    (AP, 1/10/17)

2017        Jan 31, Czech Foreign Minister Lubomir Zaoralek said hackers have breached dozens of email accounts at the Foreign Ministry in an attack resembling one against the US Democratic Party that the former Obama administration blamed on Russia.
    (Reuters, 1/31/17)

2017        Feb 8, The Czech government said it has decided to double its quota for Ukrainian workers, due to an acute labor shortage as the economy continues to grow strongly.
    (Reuters, 2/8/17)

2017        Mar 2, The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia urged the European Union to boost the role of national parliaments under a planned overhaul of the bloc's decision-making process.
    (Reuters, 3/2/17)

2017        Mar 20, A Czech zoo started sawing off the horns of its 21 rhinos to protect them from poaching after the killing of a rhinoceros in France earlier this month.
    (Reuters, 3/21/17)

2017        Mar 28, The central European Visegrad Group (Czech Rep., Hungary, Poland and Slovakia) rejected a European Union policy that calls for all member states to receive migrants, protesting suggestions that the level of their compliance could be linked to the availability of EU funds to them.
    (AP, 3/28/17)

2017        May 2, Czech PM Bohuslav Sobotka unexpectedly announced that his government will resign over unexplained business dealings of his rival Andrej Babis, the country's finance minister.
    (AP, 5/2/17)

2017        May 5, Czech PM Bohuslav Sobotka abruptly changed tack in his battle to remove Finance Minister Andrej Babis, taking back a pledge to resign and instead seeking only the dismissal of his main political rival.
    (Reuters, 5/5/17)

2017        May 10, The Czech government approved a Defense Ministry plan to deploy up to 290 troops in the Baltics as part of NATO forces for just over a year from the start of 2018. They will join NATO forces in Latvia and Lithuania. The deployment still needed approved by Parliament.
    (AP, 5/10/17)

2017        May 17, Czech PM Bohuslav Sobotka accepted the nomination of former Microsoft executive Ivan Pilny as new finance minister, calming a dispute straining the government months before an election.
    (Reuters, 5/17/17)

2017        May 22, The Czech government approved a plan to build a rail network for high-speed trains.
    (AP, 5/22/17)

2017        May 31, A smoking ban in Czech bars, restaurants and cafes came into effect today, putting to an end to the Czech Republic's status as one of the last havens for tobacco smokers in Europe.
    (AP, 5/31/17)   

2017        Jun 13, The European Commission said that Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic have breached their legal obligations to take some refugees as part of the 2015 plan, which is aimed at sharing the burden of 160,000 migrants at camps in Italy and Greece.
    (AP, 6/13/17)

2017        Jun 14, The European Commission launched legal action against the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland for failing their commitment to take in refugees.
    (AP, 6/14/17)

2017        Jun 23, French President Emmanuel Macron and four eastern European Union leaders (Visegrad-4) sought to turn the page after publicly trading barbs over their differences on issues ranging from jobs to the bloc’s fundamental values. Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic say they should be allowed to compete on lower prices - just as more developed western EU nations compete on quality products and know-how - to catch up after decades of communist stagnation.
    (Reuters, 6/23/17)

2017        Jun 30, In the Czech Rep. the 52nd annual international film festival in the western spa town of Karlovy Vary kicked off with awards for Oscar-nominated actress Uma Thurman, Academy Award winner Casey Affleck and film composer James Newton Howard.
    (AP, 6/30/17)

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