Timeline Cape Verde

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Cape Verde is a cluster of islands home to just 500,000 people. With beaches and a dramatic mountain landscape, it has long relied on tourism to build its economy.

c1450    The Portuguese brought slaves to the uninhabited Cape Verde Island.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A8)
1487        Bartolomeo Dias, Portuguese explorer, set out from Lisbon in August, and sailed south to the Cape Verde Islands and past Cape Cross. Storms forced him out to sea and when the winds moderated he continued east but found nothing. He turned north and then sighted land.

1956        Aristides Pereira (1924-2011) co-founded of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, or PAIGC, which operated in secret in Guinea-Bissau and in Cape Verde.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

1974        Mario Soares, the foreign minister of Portugal, helped negotiate a cease-fire that led to independence.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)

1975        May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Cape Verde, Cte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo and Upper Volta (later Burkina Faso).

1975        Jul 5, The Cape Verde Islands officially became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule. Aristides Pereira, a former guerrilla fighter against the Portuguese colonial administration, became head of state following independence. Pedro Verona Pires was appointed as the first prime minister and remained in the post for 16 years, then lost his country's first democratic elections in 1991.
    (SFC, 8/5/9, p.A8)(AP, 7/5/00)(AP, 9/22/11)(AP, 10/10/11)

1992        Singer Cesaria Evora recorded her album "Miss Perfumado." She was discovered by producer Jose Da Silva who established her in Paris.
    (SFC, 9/13/99, p.)

2001        Mar 22, Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires began ruling as the President of Cape Verde  and continued to September 2011. He was Prime Minister from 1975 to 1991.

2006        Dec 21, Cape Verde PM Jose Maria das Neves said Africa must stop blaming its colonial past for its problems and instead point the finger at the continent's leaders.
    (AFP, 12/21/06)

2007        Feb 8, In Cape Verde 3 Italian women, aged 17-33, were brutally attacked while vacationing, dragged into the woods, pelted with stones and left for dead at the bottom of a hole. One woman survived. 3 local men were arrested.
    (AP, 2/10/07)

2009        Aug 14, Hillary Clinton ended her whirlwind seven-nation African trip at Cape Verde, with a tough love message that Africans must tackle their own problems.
    (AFP, 8/14/09)

2009        Aug 17, Russian media reported that the Arctic Sea has been found near Cape Verde and that the ship's 15-man Russian crew has been taken aboard a Russian naval vessel.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

2009        Sep 27, In Venezuela Pres. Hugo Chavez proposed that South American and African nations unite to create a cross-continental mining corporation to keep control of their resources. Chavez made diplomatic inroads in Africa at a summit of South American and African leaders where he offered Venezuela's help in oil projects, mining and financial assistance. Venezuela signed agreements to work together on oil projects with South Africa, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan and Cape Verde.
    (Reuters, 9/27/09)(AP, 9/28/09)

2010        Dec 28, West African leaders Boni Yayi of Benin, Sierra Leone's Ernest Bai Koroma and Pedro Pires of Cape Verde met with incumbent Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo to deliver an ultimatum from the ECOWAS regional bloc to step down or face removal by force. But Gbagbo's government signaled he was unlikely to agree to cede power to Alassane Ouattara.
    (Reuters, 12/28/10)(SFC, 12/29/10, p.A4)

2011        Aug 7, Cape Verde islanders voted for a new president as Pedro Pires wrapped up two terms at the helm of a nation hailed for its stable democracy. His ruling party faced a split vote. A run-off was scheduled for August 21.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 21, In Cape Verde, one of Africa's most stable and prosperous nations, liberal opposition candidate Jorge Carlos Fonseca unseated the party which held the presidency for a decade. Fonseca, a former foreign minister, won 54.90 percent of the vote, besting his socialist rival Manuel Inocencio Sousa, who garnered 45.91 percent of the vote.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)

2011        Sep 22, Former Cape Verde president Aristides Pereira (87), who fought Portugal's colonial rule, died in Portugal. He was the West African country's first post-independence president.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2011        Oct 10, The $5 million Mo Ibrahim award for good leadership in Africa, withheld the previous two years because of a lack of qualified candidates, was bestowed to Cape Verde's former Pres. Pedro Verona Pires (77) for promoting democracy and development on his archipelago.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Dec 17, Cape Verdean singer Cesaria Evora (70), nicknamed the "barefoot diva", died in a hospital in her native country. Her 1992 album, Miss Perfumado, earned her 5 gold records.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.86)

2013        Mar 23, Spanish, Portuguese and British police boarded a ship loaded with nearly two tons of cocaine destined for sale in Europe and arrested nine people. The ship was in the Atlantic Ocean, some 700 miles southwest of Portugal's Cape Verde islands.
    (AP, 3/24/13)

2013        Apr 4, Cape Verde Islands Radiotelevisao Caboverdiana reported that Rear Adm. Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto and four other Guinea-Bissau nationals were apprehended by US authorities aboard a yacht in international waters in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. The US Treasury Department designated Na Tchuto as a drug kingpin in 2010 for his alleged role in the cocaine trade in Guinea-Bissau.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2014        Nov 23, In Cape Verde the volcano Pico do Fogo erupted forcing more than 1,000 people to evacuate from the Cha das Caldeiras region. By mid-December lava flow destroyed two villages and threatened a forest reserve.
    (AFP, 12/16/14)

2016        Mar 20, In Cape Verde Janira Hopffer Almada conceded defeat after the liberal opposition MPD party took more than 53 percent of the vote with nearly all ballots counted, ousting the PAICV after 15 years in power.
    (AFP, 3/21/16)

2016        Apr 26, In Cape Verde a disgruntled soldier, who had gone missing, was suspected of gunning down eight soldiers and three civilians, including two Spaniards. Suspect Manuel Antonio Silva Ribeiro (22) was arrested after a 24-hour manhunt.
    (AP, 4/27/16)

2016        Dec 4, The US Pentagon announced the release of Guantanamo Bay prisoner Shawqi Awad Balzuhair. The low level militant was sent to the West African nation of Cape Verde for resettlement. This lowered the number of prisoners held at the US base in Cuba to 59. Twenty of those remaining have been approved for release.
    (AP, 12/4/16)

2019        Feb 2, It was reported that Cape Verde police have detained 11 Russian sailors for the suspected smuggling of more than nine tons of cocaine.
    (Reuters, 2/2/19)

2020        Jun 12, Authorities in Cape Verde on a US warrant arrested Alex Saab, a prominent businessman accused of corrupt dealings with the government of Venezuela's President Nicols Maduro. Cape Verde has no extradition treaty with the US. In 2021 the UN put Cape Verde on notice for the torture, arbitrary detention and violations inflicted on diplomat Alex Saab.
    (AP, 6/13/20)(Global Newswire, 10/15/21)

2020        Jul 14, It was reported that the Cape Verde government has approved the extradition to the US of Colombian businessman Alex Saab. He faced money-laundering charges in Miami federal court, although the alleged business partner of Venezuelan strongman Nicols Maduro can still appeal the decision.
    (Miami Herald, 7/14/20)

2020        Jul 31, A court in the West African nation of Cape Verde approved the extradition to the United States of Alex Saab, a Colombian businessman wanted on suspicion of money laundering on behalf of Venezuela's socialist government. His legal team planned to appeal. In 2021 it was reported that Saab was carrying a letter from Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro accrediting him to Iran's supreme leader.
    (AP, 8/4/20)(AP, 1/21/21)

2021        Feb 24, Portugal said it will send 5% of its COVID-19 vaccine shots to a group of Portuguese-speaking African countries and to the tiny nation of East Timor in the second half of the year. Portugal's former African colonies include Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, and Sao Tome and Principe.
    (Reuters, 2/24/21)

2021        Mar 15, A regional court in West Africa ordered the immediate release of a Venezuelan businessman close to President Nicols Maduro, finding that his arrest in Cape Verde on US money laundering charges was unlawful. The court also instructed Cape Verde to cease all extradition proceedings against Alex Saab and compensate him $200,000 for damages. Federal prosecutors in Miami indicted Saab in 2019 on money laundering charges connected to an alleged bribery scheme that pocketed more than $350 million from a low-income housing project for the Venezuelan government that was never built.
    (AP, 3/15/21)

2021        Mar 17, Cape Verdes Supreme Court ruled that Alex Saab, a businessman close to Venezuelan President Nicols Maduro who was arrested last year in the West African country, can be extradited to the United States to face money-laundering charges.
    (AP, 3/17/21)

2021        Sep 7, Cape Verde's highest court ruled that Alex Saab, a Colombian businessman who is wanted by US authorities on charges of laundering money on behalf of Venezuela's government, should be extradited to the United States.
    (Reuters, 9/7/21)

2021        Oct 16, Cape Verde national radio reported the extradition of Colombian businessman Alex Saab to the US. The Venezuelan government in September had named Saab - who was arrested in June 2020 when his plane stopped in Cape Verde to refuel - as a member of its negotiating team in talks with the opposition in Mexico.
    (Reuters, 10/17/21)
2021        Oct 16, Venezuela said it would suspend negotiations with the opposition that were set to resume this weekend, after Cape Verde extradited Colombian businessman Alex Saab, a Venezuelan envoy, to the United States on money laundering charges. Hours after Saab's extradition, Venezuela revoked the house arrest of six former executives of refiner Citgo, a US subsidiary of state oil company PDVSA.
    (Reuters, 10/17/21)

2021        Oct 17, Cape Verde voted for a new president who faces the task of stabilizing its tourism-driven economy after the ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic. Opposition candidate and former prime minister Jose Maria Neves (61) won Cape Verde's presidential election. His main rival, the ruling party's flagbearer Carlos Veiga, conceded defeat.
    (Reuters, 10/17/21)(Reuters, 10/18/21)

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