Timeline Argentina

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Argentina is about 3/10 the size of all 50 US states.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, Par p.27)
The capital is Buenos Aires. In 2005 Buenos Aires accounted for 32% of Argentina’s GDP and 40% of its people.
    (SSFC, 7/20/03, p.C6)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.81)
The 24 provinces include: Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Salta, Misiones, Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Tucuman, and Tierra del Fuego.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.C1)
Daro Roca founded La Plata, the provincial capital of Buenos Aires province.
    (WSJ, 8/21/01, p.A1)

230Mil BC    A small 4-foot-long, 10-15 pound dinosaur, later named Eodromaeus (dawn runner), inhabited South America. Its fossils were discovered in the 1990s in northeastern Argentina.
    (SFC, 1/14/11, p.A6) 

180Mil BC-70Mil BC     Dinosaur fossils of this age were later found in the El Chocon region of Patagonia. They included the plant-eating Gasparinisaura.
    (NG, 12/97, p.123)

135Mil BC    A fierce marine crocodile, with a dinosaur head and a fish-like tail, inhabited a vast southern ocean that covered much of what became Argentina. Discovery of a fossil skull with 52 jagged teeth was reported in 2005 for a 12-foot specimen nicknamed “Godzilla" and chico malo." It was named Dakosaurus andiniensis.
    (SFC, 11/11/05, p.A2)(WSJ, 11/11/05, p.A1)

110Mil BC    In 2018 Argentina's National University of La Matanza revealed that a team of Spanish and Argentine paleontologists have discovered the remains of a dinosaur that lived about this time in the center of the country. The new species from the herbivorous group of sauropods has been named Lavocatisaurus agrioensis.
    (AP, 11/3/18)

100Mil BC    Spinosaurus, a 55 foot, 8 ton dinosaur with crocodile-like jaws lived during this time in Argentina, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria. The Spinosaurus lived in what later became North Africa during the Cretaceous period (112Mil BC BC-93.5Mil BC). Fossil evidence in 2020 indicated that the Spinosaurus was possibly a predatory water-loving dinosaur.
    (http://tinyurl.com/r6kp2)(ABC News, 4/29/20)
100Mil    BC    In 2000 It was reported that researchers had unearthed a pack of large predatory dinosaurs in Patagonia that dated back to this time. The fossils were found in Neuquen province and were named Mapusaurus roseae.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A1)(SFC, 4/18/06, p.A3)

99Mil BC-96 Mil BC    A saber-toothed, squirrel-like creature lived about this time. Fossils of the animal, named Cronopio dentiacutus, were discovered in 2011 in the Rio Negro region of Argentina.
    (SFC, 11/4/11, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cronopio_dentiacutus)

97Mil BC - 94Mil BC A giant dinosaur lived in Patagonia about this time. Its first fossils were found in 1987 and later named Argentinosaurus. It is among the largest known dinosaurs.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentinosaurus)

90Mil BC    Mudstone of this age from Plaza Huincul in Patagonia revealed fossil pieces in 1996 of the huge Megaraptor.
    (NG, 12/97, p.134)
90Mil BC    Scientists in 2005 announced the discovery in Argentina of a rooster-size fossil named Buitreraptor gonzalezorum. It dates back 90 million years and closely resembles fossils from the North. It was part of the class called dromaesaurs believed to have originated 180 million years ago in Laurasia. The new find was evidence that dromaesaurs originated in Pangea, before it broke apart to form Laurasia and Gondwanaland.
90Mil BC    The fossil of a snake that lived in Patagonia at this time was found in 2006 with 2 small rear legs. The snake, under 3 feet long, was named Najash rionegrina.
    (SFC, 4/20/06, p.A2)

88Mil BC    In 2000 Scientists in Argentina began uncovering the skeleton of what is believed to be a new dinosaur species, a 105-foot plant-eater that is among the largest dinosaurs ever found, has been uncovered in Argentina. They named it Futalognkosaurus dukei after the Mapuche Indian words for "giant" and "chief," and for Duke Energy Argentina, which helped fund the skeleton's excavation. The skeleton dated to 88 million years BC.
    (AP, 10/15/07)

84Bil – 66Bil An 85-foot-long dinosaur lived during this period in a region later known as Patagonia, Argentina. Fossils of the dinosaur were discovered in 2005. In 2014 the giant and a smaller speciman were dubbed Dreadnoughtus schrani, after a battleship and Adam Schram, an entrepreneur who financed the research.
    (SFC, 9/5/14, p.A7)

80Mil BC    Fossil eggs and embryos of titanosaurs and apatosaurus of this age were later found in the Patagonian badlands of Argentina.
    (SFC, 9/28/01, p.D8)
80Mil BC Paleontologists in 2016 reported the naming of Murusraptor barrosaensis, a new species of megaraptorid dinosaur discovered in 2001 in Argentina’s northwestern Patagonia. It was found in rock dating back 80 million years.

70Mil BC    In 2020 paleontologists from the Argentine Museum of Natural Sciences said they have found the remains of a megaraptor dating to this time, making it one of the last carnivorous dinosaurs to inhabit the earth. The discovery was made in the southern province of Santa Cruz in the middle of March, 2020.
    (Reuters, 5/19/20)
70Mil BC    Scientists in Argentina in 2021 unearthed the remains of a previously unknown species of meat-eating dinosaur that lived about this time that had puny arms and may have used its powerful head to ram its prey. The fossil skull of the Cretaceous Period dinosaur, named Guemesia ochoai, was discovered in northwestern Salta province.
    (Reuters, 2/25/22)

15Mil BC    The fossil of a large bird from this time was found in Patagonia, Argentina, in 2004. The skull of the 10-foot-tall, flightless predator measured 28 inches and was identified in 2006 as an offshoot of the phorusrhacids (terror birds).
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.A8)

3.3Mil BC    A mile-wide asteroid hit the coast of what became Argentina. It may have abruptly cooled the climate and caused the deaths of 36 species of huge animals, that included giant armadillos and sloths.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D11)

8000BC    The 15-foot, 3-toed Macrauchenia, a native of Patagonia, went extinct about this time. It had a body like a camel, a neck like a giraffe, and a flexible nose like an elephant’s trunk. Its fossil was discovered by Charles Darwin during his trip to the region (1833-1834).
    (SFC, 4/2/10, p.C5)

c1500    In northern Argentina 3 Inca children were sacrificed. In 1999 a team of archeologists discovered their frozen mummies on Mount Llullaillaco.
    (SFC, 4/7/99, p.A11)

1515        Juan Diaz de Solis, Spanish navigator, reached the Rio de la Plata in South America and discovered Argentina.
    (TL-MB, p.11)   

1516        Juan Diaz de Solis, Spanish explorer, was killed on the coast of Argentina.
    (TL-MB, p.11)

1520        Oct 21, Ferdinand Magellan arrived at Tierra Del Fuego (Argentina-Chile).
    (MC, 10/21/01)

1535        Spanish conquistadors attempted to create a settlement in the Buenos Aires area but were driven away by the Karandias Indians.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.T5)

1535        The Spaniards founded a temporary settlement on the banks of the Rio de la Plata that 45 years later becomes the city of Buenos Aires.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.15)

1536        Feb 2, The Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain. The memorial Column standing at the center of Buenos Aires, gives the date as 1500.
    (AP, 2/2/97)(MC, 2/2/02)

1573        Argentina’s city of Cordoba was founded and shaped by the Jesuits as a cultural center.
    (SSFC, 1/29/17, p.F6)

1577        In Cordoba, Argentina, the Iglesia Cathedra Plaza San Martin was started.
    (SSFC, 7/20/03, p.C6)

1578        Jul 2, In Puerto San Julian, Patagonia, Argentina, English privateer Capt. Francis Drake beheaded his friend John Doughty (b.1545) under accusations of treason and witchcraft.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Doughty_%28explorer%29)(SFC, 8/10/13, p.C3)

1580        A 2nd Buenos Aires was founded near the mouth of the Rio de la Plata.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.T5)

1770-1779    Blacks were 1st brought to Argentina in the 1770s to toil on large haciendas and work as domestic servants.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A24)

1774        Spain established a small settlement on the Falkland Islands, which lasted to 1811. An Argentine outpost was established in the 1820s.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.36)

1778        Feb 25, Jose Francisco de San Martin (d.1850) was born in Argentina. He liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru. Protector of Peru (1821-1822).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_de_San_Mart%C3%ADn)(ON, 10/09, p.8)

1778        A census in Argentina showed that about 30% of the 24,363 residents of Buenos Aires were African.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A24)

1806        Jun 27, Buenos Aires was captured by British. [see Jul 5]
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1806        Jul 5, A Spanish army repelled the British during their attempt to retake Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1810        May 25, Argentina declared independence and began its revolt from Napoleonic Spain.
    (AP, 5/25/97)(HN, 5/25/98)

1810        Aug 29, Juan Bautista Alberdi (d.1884), Argentine politician, writer, was born.

1810-1817    Colonial revolts against Spain started in Chile in 1810 and ended in victory in 1817 under the leadership of Bernardo O‘Higgins and Argentina‘s Jose de San Martin.
    (HNQ, 3/30/00)

1812        Feb 27, In Argentina Manuel Belgrano (1770-1820), economist, lawyer, politician, and military leader, created and raised the national colors for the first time in Rosario.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Belgrano)    (Econ, 4/22/17, p.30)

1813        Argentina was the first country in the Americas to abolish slavery.
    (Hem., 1/96, p.11)

1814        Jose Francisco de San Martin (1778-1850) became general in chief of Argentina’s Army of the North. His primary mission was to protect Argentina against Spanish royalists in Peru.
    (ON, 10/09, p.8)

1815        Jose Francisco de San Martin, governor of Cuyo, Argentina, founded a militia and prepared for an attack on Spanish royalists in Chile.
    (ON, 10/09, p.8)

1816        Jun 18, French-born Argentine Capt. Hipolito Bouchard (1780-1837), having blocked the fortress of Callao, Peru, captured several ships including a 464-ton frigate called Consecuencia. Argentine patriot and investor Vicente Echevarria later purchased the ship, now renamed La Argentina, armed it with 34-artillery pieces and made Bouchard captain.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippolyte_Bouchard)(SFC, 11/11/17, p.C3)

1816        Jul 9, Argentina declared independence from Spain. Argentina assumed that the Malvina Islands (Falkland Islands) were included.
    (AP, 7/9/97)(SFC, 6/19/98, p.A12)

1817        Jan 17, Jose Francisco de San Martin led a revolutionary army from Argentina over Andes into Chile.
    (ON, 10/09, p.10)

1817        Feb 12, Argentina’s Jose de San Martin, having led a revolutionary army over the Andes into Chile, helped defeat the Spanish forces at Chacabuco.
    (www.gdws.co.uk/chacabuco.htm)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)

1817        Jun 27, Hipolito Bouchard obtained the Argentine corsair patent (a "letter of marque") that authorized him to prey on Spanish commerce.

1818        Aug, The frigate La Argentina, commanded by privateer Hipolito Bouchard, arrived in Hawaii. There he acquired a 280-ton corvette called the Santa Rosa de Chacabuco, whose crew had mutinied and sold her to the king of Hawaii.
    (SFC, 11/11/17, p.C3)

1818        Oct 25, Argentine privateer Frenchman Hipolito Bouchard aboard La Argentina and Englishman Peter Corney in command of the Santa Rosa set sail from Hawaii for Alta California with 360 men and 52 canons.
    (SFC, 11/11/17, p.C3)

1818        Nov 21, Argentine privateers Frenchman Hipolito Bouchard and Englishman Peter Corney led a 2-ship attack against the presidio at Monterey, Ca. The women, children, and men unfit to fight were sent to an inland mission at Soledad. Five of the attackers were killed as Commander Pablo Vicente de Sola successfully defended the fort.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippolyte_Bouchard)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.B3)(SFC, 11/25/17, p.C2)

1818        Nov 22, Argentine privateer Hipolito Bouchard led 200 men and nine boats ashore in Monterey. Bouchard’s men, 130 with rifles and 70 with spears landed 7 km (4.3 mi) away from the Monterey fort. The fort resisted ineffectively, and after an hour of combat the Argentine flag flew over it. The Argentines took the city for six days, during which time they stole the cattle and burned the fort, the artillery headquarters, the governor's residence and the Spanish houses. The town's residents were unharmed.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippolyte_Bouchard)(SFC, 11/25/17, p.C2)

1820        Oct, Argentina’s Jose de San Martin blockaded Lima, Peru, and urged the people of Peru to join in the uprising against Spain.
    (www.gdws.co.uk/chacabuco.htm)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)(ON, 10/09, p.10)

1821        Jul 28, Peru declared its independence from Spain. Lima had been the seat of the Spanish viceroys until this time. Jose Francisco de San Martin of Argentina had blockaded Lima and forced the Spanish viceroy to abandon the city. Martin returned to Argentina in 1822
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)(AP, 7/28/97)(ON, 10/09, p.10)

1824        Argentina issued its first bond with an expected lifespan of 46 years. The government defaulted in 4 years and an ensuing standoff with creditors took 29 years to resolve.
    (Econ, 8/2/14, p.9)

1826        In Argentina Bernardino Rivadavia (1780-1845) was chosen as the first president of the United Provinces of La Plata. He was forced to resign in 1827. His political opponents called him the “Chocolate Dictator."
    (www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0841998.html)(SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A24)

1831        In Argentina Juan Manuel de Rosas (1793-1877), governor of Buenos Aires province, signed the Federal Pact, recognizing provincial autonomy and creating the Argentine Confederation. In 1832 Rosas departed to the frontier to wage war on the indigenous peoples. The Federalists ruled the country until 1852 when they were defeated by the Unitarians, who favored a strong central government.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Manuel_de_Rosas)(Econ, 4/22/17, p.30)

1833        Jan 3, Britain ousted a small group of Argentine settlers and seized control of the Malvina Islands (Falkland Islands) in the South Atlantic. In 1982 Argentina seized the islands, but Britain took them back after a 74-day war.
    (AP, 1/3/98)(SFC, 4/3/02, p.A7)

1833        Sep 20, Charles Darwin rode a horse to Buenos Aires.
    (MC, 9/20/01)

1833        Oct 1, Charles Darwin reached Rio Tercero, Argentina.
    (MC, 10/1/01)

1833        Dec 13, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrived in Port Deseado, Patagonia.
    (MC, 12/13/01)

1833        Dec 25, Charles Darwin celebrated Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia.
    (MC, 12/25/01)

1834        Apr 13, HMS Beagle anchored at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1834        Apr 29, Charles Darwin's expedition saw the top of Andes from Patagonia.
    (MC, 4/29/02)

1834        May 5, Charles Darwin's expedition continued at Rio Santa Cruz.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1842        Italian revolutionary Garibaldi married Anita Ribeiro and joined the Uruguayan navy in a war against Argentina.
    (ON, 10/06, p.5)

1845        Bernardino Rivadavia (b.1780), the first president of the United Provinces of Argentine (1826), died under exile in Spain.

1850        Aug 17, Jose Francisco de San Martin (b.1778), Argentine-born South American revolutionary hero, died in France. In 2009 John Lynch authored “San Martin: Argentine Soldier, American Hero."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_de_San_Mart%C3%ADn)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)

1851        May 25, Jose Justo de Urquiza of Argentina led a rebellion against his former ally, the absolute ruler Juan Manuel de Rosas.
    (HN, 5/25/99)

1853        Argentina abolished slavery.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A24)

1862-1868    Bartolomé Mitre served as Argentina’s 1st constitutional president.
    (WSJ, 1/9/02, p.A14)

1865        Some 153 settlers from Wales arrived on the ship Mimosa and founded the coastal city of Puerto Madryn, named after Sir Parry Madryn, a nobleman who assisted them.
    (SFEC, 5/9/99, Z1 p.6)

1865        Leonardo Villa made the first attempt at oil exploration and production. Since the subsurface resources were owned by the government he had to seek a permit and was denied.
    (WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A9)

1865-1870    South America’s War of the Triple Alliance saw Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay aligned against Paraguay. The Triple Alliance believed Paraguay was undermining the region’s political stability. The war ended in crushing defeat of Paraguay with as much as 90% of its adult male population killed.
    (WSJ, 4/10/00, p.A1)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.45)

1869        Aug 12,  In Piribebuy, Paraguay, 1,600 poorly armed men, many of them mere children, spent 5 hours resisting the assault of 20,000 allied Brazilian, Argentine and Uruguayan forces intent on conquest, before finally being overwhelmed. At the end of the battle, in which the Hospital de Sangre was burnt down, along with all the wounded inside, many prisoners were decapitated.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piribebuy)

1869        Paraguay’s army surrendered to the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Pres. Lopez refused to surrender.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.46)

1876        Feb 26, Agustin P. Justo y Rolon, President of Argentina (1931-38), was born.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1876        Sep 15, In Argentina William Cathcart of Scotland began publishing the English language Buenos Aires Herald (Buenos Ayres Herald) for Britons drawn to the country to work on the expanding railways. It started off as a single-sheet paper dedicated to shipping news and became a daily paper in 1877, when it quickly became a key source of information for the English-speaking immigrants.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buenos_Aires_Herald)(Econ 8/5/17, p.26)

1877        The 1st shipload of frozen beef was carried to France from Argentina.
    (Econ Sp, 12/13/03, p.7)

1880        Buenos Aires was divided into 4 quadrants.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.T5)

1884        Jun 19, Juan Bautista Alberdi (b.1810), Argentine politician, writer, died in Paris. His writings inspired Argentina’s 1853 constitution.
    (www.taringa.net/posts/21963/Juan-B.-Alberdi---El-Gran-Pensador.html)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.35)

1884        Ushuaia was founded in southern Argentina as a remote penal colony.
    (SSFC, 4/30/06, p.G5)

1885        Avenida de Mayo opened in Buenos Aires.
    (SSFC, 7/20/03, p.C6)

1887        In Argentina the last census to include blacks as a separate category indicated that about 2% of the population in Buenos Aires was African.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A24)

1889        Argentina established a reputation for having a troubled currency. After a few years Finance Minister Ernesto Tornquist put the country on a gold standard and limited the issue of money to the holdings in the treasury. The economy expanded to become one of the leading economies in the world.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A15)

1890        Argentina defaulted on its foreign debt and caused a near-collapse to Barings Bank.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R48)

1892        May 29, Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal), was born.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1892        Argentine police official Juan Vucetich, expanding on British research, created the first fingerprint identification system, and in doing so introduced the role of biometric data in crime-solving.
    (Axios, 9/23/21)

1895        Oct 8, Juan Peron, Argentinean dictator, was born. He served as President from  1946-55 and 1973-74.
    (HN, 10/8/98)(MC, 10/8/01)

1896        Argentina became the first nation to adopt fingerprint identification.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, Z1 p.5)

1897        Jan 14, The 6,960-m (22,834') Cerro Aconcagua in Argentina was 1st climbed.
    (MC, 1/14/02)

1899        Aug 24, Jorge Luis Borges (d.1986), Argentine poet and philosophical essayist, was born in Buenos Aires.
    (WUD, 1994, p.171)(WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A26)(AP, 8/24/99)

1900        The 3 major businesses in Argentina at the turn of the century were corn and beef, railways, and prostitution.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.T5)

1901        Jun, Robert Leroy Parker and Harry Longabaugh, known as Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, settled in the Cholila Valley of southwestern Argentina after fleeing US Pinkerton agents. They bought a 12,000-acre ranch with stolen loot.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/p5amt)

1903        Jan 10, Argentina banned the importation of American beef, because of sanitation problems.
    (HN, 1/10/99)

1905        Robert Leroy Parker and Harry Longabaugh, known as Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, held up a bank in Santa Cruz province.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)

1907        Feb 8, Revolution broke out in Argentina.
    (HN, 2/8/98)

1907         Jun 1, In Sarmiento, Argentina, a South American record of -27 degrees F (-33 degrees C) was recorded.
    (DT, 6/1/97)

1907        Dec 13, The Ministry of Agriculture struck oil while drilling for water in Comodoro Rivadavia.
    (WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A9)

1907        Robert Leroy Parker and Harry Longabaugh, known as Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, held up another bank. They sold their ranch in Patagonia to a beef syndicate and went to Bolivia where they were gunned down by soldiers after robbing a mine payroll.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)

1908        May 25, Argentina’s opera house Teatro Colon, modeled after Milan’s La Scala opened in Buenos Aires. In 2006 it closed for refurbishment. A 2008 finish date was missed and officials hoped to have it reopen in 2010.
    (Econ, 7/12/08, p.48)

1912        Calle Florida, the premier shopping street in Buenos Aires, opened.
    (SSFC, 7/20/03, p.C6)

1913        Latin America’s first subway line opened in Argentina. 90 Belgian-made wooden subway cars began rolling and continued thru 2012.
    (SFC, 1/3/13, p.A2)
1913        Ricardo Roth Schutz, a guide of Swiss descent, began leading groups of tourists across Lakes Crossing (Cruce de Lagos), linking Bariloche in northern Argentina to Puerto Varas in Chile’s Lakes District.
    (SSFC, 1/6/08, p.G4)

1914        Citibank, USA, opened a branch in Buenos Aires, Arg. “The history of Citibank" was written by Phillip L. Zweig in 1996 and titled: Wriston: Walter Wriston, Citibank, and the Rise and Fall of American Financial Supremacy.
    (WSJ, 3/28/96,p.A-12)
1914        British retailer Harrods opened its first overseas emporium in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.9)

1915        In Argentina the Retiro railway station was completed in Buenos Aires.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.20)

1916        Apr 11, Alberto E. Ginastera, composer (Panambi), was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1919        May 7, Eva (Evita) Peron, first lady of Argentina, was born. She helped her husband, Juan, achieve office.
    (HN, 5/7/99)

1919        “Economic Development of the Argentine Republic in the Past 50 Years" was published by Banco Tornquist.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A15)

1923        Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) published his first book of verse: “Fervor de Buenos Aires."
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.3)

1928        May 14, Ernesto “Che" Guevara Serna (d.Oct 9, 1967) was born to an aristocratic family in Misiones province, Argentina. A biography was written in 1997 by Jon Lee Anderson: “Che Guevara: A Revolutionary of Life." Ernesto “Che" Guevara, chief lieutenant in the Cuban revolution and active in other Latin American revolutionary movements, was born Ernesto Guevara de la Serna in Rosario, Argentina. “Che" was a nickname meaning “pal." He played a leading role alongside Fidel Castro in the overthrow of Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959, wrote the book Guerrilla Warfare in 1960 and, as Cuban Minister of Industries from 1961-‘65, led the nationalization of industry and agriculture. He left Cuba in 1965. In 1967 he was tracked down and executed by the Bolivian army.
    (SFC, 6/16/97, p.D3)(HNQ, 12/2/98)(HNQ, 2/10/00)

1928        Dec 11, Police in Buenos Aires thwarted an attempt on the life of President-elect Herbert Hoover.
    (AP, 12/11/97)

1928        Argentina established a 212-sq. mile national park at the Iguacu Falls site on the Brazil border.
    (SFEM, 10/8/00, p.15)

1929        Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) authored his poem: “The Mythical Foundation of Buenos Aires."
    (WSJ, 1/15/02, p.A14)

1930        Jul 2, Carlos Menem, president of Argentina (1989-1999), was born. He had Muslim ancestry and ties to the Syrian-Lebanese community.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A6)

1930        Sep 6, In Argentina a military coup took place. It involved the overthrow of the government of Hipolito Yrigoyen by forces loyal to General Jose Felix Uriburu.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.20)

1931        Feb 4, Isabel Peron, [Maria Martinez], dancer, president of Argentina, was born.
    (MC, 2/4/02)

1932        Jun 21, Lalo [Boris] Schifrin, composer, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1934        The private sector was producing 62.5% of the country’s crude oil output.
    (WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A9)

1935        Jun 24, Carlos Gardel (B.1890), French-born Argentine tango singer and composer, died with 17 others, including three of his guitarists, when the propeller plane they were traveling in collided with another on takeoff from Medellin, Colombia, and burst into flames. Gardel's baritone voice and the dramatic phrasing of his lyrics made miniature masterpieces of his hundreds of three-minute tango recordings.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Gardel)(AP, 6/25/05)(Econ, 1/21/17, p.26)

1935        New laws pushed the private sector out of the upstream development of natural resources.
    (WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A9)

1936        Feb 14, Fanne Foxe, [Annabella Battistella], (Wilbur Mills companion during Congressman’s drunken romp in the fountain), was born in Argentina.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1936        Carlos Saavedra Lamas, foreign minister of Argentina, won the 1936 Nobel peace Prize for his role in negotiating the end of the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay. The award was later discovered at a South American pawn shop and in 2014 was put up for auction.
    (SFC, 3/13/14, p.A9)

1941        Oct, Eduardo Duhalde, chosen as president in Jan, 2002, was born in Lomas de Zamora.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A5)

1941        Jorge Amado (1912-2001), Brazilian Communist novelist, was exiled to Argentina.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.D2)

1941        Natalio Botana, Argentine newspaper magnate, died.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A24)

1942        Jan, Chile and Argentina were the only two Latin American countries that did not comply at once with the Rio de Janeiro Conference recommendation to those countries who had not already done so to sever diplomatic and commercial relations with the Axis powers, Germany, Italy and Japan. Chile eventually broke Axis relations in January 1943 and Argentina complied in January 1944. The conference of Western Hemisphere foreign ministers also called for suppression of pro-Axis activity in the Americas, establishment of an Inter-American defense board and economic cooperation within the hemisphere.
    (HNQ, 9/24/00)

1942        Nov 15, Daniel Barenboim, Israeli pianist and conductor, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    (HN, 11/15/00)(MC, 11/15/01)

1942        Camilo Jose Cela (d.2002), Spanish author, published “The Family of Pascual Duarte" in Argentina because it was considered too violent and crude for Spain. Cela won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1989.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A23)

1943        Jun 4, In Argentina, Gen Rawson and Col. Juan Peron led the military coup that overthrew Ramon S. Castillo.
    (HN, 6/4/98)(MC, 6/4/02)

1943        Laszlo Biro, fled his native Hungary to Argentina, where he patented his ballpoint pen. England soon manufactured some 30,000 pens for use by RAF navigators in unpressurized cockpits, where fountain pens failed.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, p.B7)

1944        Feb 24, Col. Juan Peron, Argentine minister of war, staged a coup.
    (MC, 2/24/02)

1944        Mar 4, The U.S. declared the non-recognition of Argentina because of their collaboration with the Axis.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1944        Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges published his collection of stories “Ficciones."
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A26)

1944        Juan Peron met Eva Duarte (Evita).
    (SFC, 1/1/97,p.D1)

1945        Mar 6, Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa," premiered in Buenos Aires.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1945        Oct 17, Col. Juan Peron, the future president of Argentina, was released from prison after protests by trade unionists, ending a crisis that began with his forced resignation from his government posts and his arrest.
    (AP, 10/17/06)

1945        Nov 27, Argentina declared war on Axis.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1946        Feb 24, Argentineans went to the polls to elect Juan D. Peron (50) their president. He held the office until 1955.
    (PCh, 1992, p.899)(AP, 2/24/08)

1946        Jun 4, Juan Peron was installed as Argentina's president.
    (HN, 6/4/98)

1946        Zvi Kolitz (d.2002 at 89) wrote the story “Yosl Rakover Talks to God," for a Jewish newspaper in Buenos Aires. It became a classic of Holocaust literature.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A21)

1946        Carlos and Jorge Companac begin the family business with borrowed money used to buy used US Navy landing craft. Business expands to become Argentina's second largest oil and gas producer with major holdings in other publicly traded energy companies.
    (WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-15)

1947        Astor Piazzolla (d.1992), bandoneon player, recorded his album “El Desbande" with Orquesta Tipica in Buenos Aires.
    (BAAC, 1/96, p.4,5)(Esq., 5/91, p.60,61)

1949        Constitutional amendments nationalized all energy resources.
    (WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A9)

1951        Apr 17, Olivia Hussey, actress (Romeo and Juliet, Death on Nile), was born in Buenos Aires.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1951        Dec 23, Benito Lynch (66), Irish-Argentine writer (Palo Verde), died.
    (MC, 12/23/01)

1952        Apr 25, President Juan Peron of Argentina won re-election.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1952        Future revolutionary Che Guevara took a 4,000-mile moped trip alone through northern Argentina and in the next two years traveled throughout South America on a 500cc motorcycle nicknamed "La Poderosa" (The Powerful One). On these trips he directly observed the lives of workers and peasants and ultimately changed the direction of his life. He was captured and executed by the Bolivian army on October 8, 1967.
    (HNQ, 12/2/98)

1952        Evita Peron (b.1919), the first lady of Argentina, died of cancer at age 33. Her biography: “Eva Peron" was written by Alicia Dujovne Ortiz. “Santa Evita" was a (1996) novel by Tomas Eloy Martinez based on the fate of her corpse. Eva wrote a little book “Mi Mensaje" (My Message, or In My Own Words) that was unfinished and lost until 1987 and published in English under the title “In My Own Words." “My Mission In Life" was ghostwritten under Eva’s name by Manuel Penella de Silva.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 8)(SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.1)(AP, 7/26/97)

1955        May 20, Argentine parliament accepted the separation of church & state.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1955        Jun 16, Pope Pius XII excommunicated Argentine President Juan Domingo Peron. The ban was lifted eight years later.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1955        Sep 19, President Juan Peron of Argentina was ousted after a revolt by the army and navy. The military leaders confiscated the body of Eva Peron to keep opposing political forces from using her body to rally the masses.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1955)(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)(AP, 9/19/97)(SFC, 2/3/98, p.A15)

1955        Oct 11, All Peron feast days were abolished in Argentina.
    (MC, 10/11/01)

1955        Nov 3, Argentine ex-president Peron arrived in Nicaragua.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1955        Nov 21, Argentina asked Panama for the return of ex-president Peron.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1955        Nov 30, Argentine government disbanded the Peronist party.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1956        Argentine novelist Antonio De Benedetto (1922-1986) authored "Zama." In 2016 it was translated to English. In 2017 it was turned into a film by Argentine director Lucrecia Martel.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_di_Benedetto)(Econ., 5/9/20, p.24)
1956        Col. Hector Eduardo Cabanillas (d.1998 at 84), head of military intelligence, was ordered by junta leader, Gen’l. Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, to transport the embalmed body of Eva Peron to Italy for burial in a secret grave in Milan.
    (SFC, 2/3/98, p.A15)

1957        Argentina signed a treaty with the Vatican that created the post of military bishop.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.34)

1959        Fidel Castro visited Argentina following his revolution in Cuba.
    (AP, 7/22/06)

1960        May 11, Israeli soldiers captured Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires as he returned home from his job at the Mercedes factory. Eichmann, the Nazi war criminal, was nabbed by Peter Malkin. Eichmann was taken to Israel where he was tried, found guilty and hung in 1962.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, Par. p.13)(WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)(HN, 5/11/98)(MC, 5/11/02)

1960        May 23, Israel announced Israeli agents had captured former Nazi official SS Lt. Col. Adolf Eichmann in Argentina. Eichmann was tried in Israel, found guilty of crimes against humanity, and hanged in 1962. [see May 11]
    (WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)(AP, 5/23/02)

1960-1970     Around this time Rodolfo Barra, later minister of justice, belonged to a neo-Nazi organization, Tacuara, that committed acts of anti-Semitic brutality.
    (SFC, 7/12/96, p.A14)

1961        Jorge Luis Borges, a blind librarian, shared the Prix Formentor with Samuel Beckett. English translations appeared in 1962.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, BR p.1)

1962        Feb 25, Maria Ludovica De Angelis (b.1880) died in Argentina. She helped expand hospital services for children. In 2004 she was beatified by Pope John Paul VI.
    (AP, 10/3/04)

1963        Feb 12, Argentina asked for the extradition of ex-president Peron.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1963        Nov 15, Argentina voided all foreign oil contracts.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1965        Leon Ferrari, Argentine sculptor, created his work “The Western Christian Civilization." It depicted Jesus crucified on an American bomber.
    (Econ, 3/26/15, p.96)

1966        May 25, Peru and Argentina soccer fans fought in Lima and 248 died.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1966        Jun 28, In Argentina a military uprising led by General Juan Carlos Ongania overthrew President Arturo Illia of the UCRP.

1967        Oct 9, Che Guevara (b.1928), Argentine/Cuban revolutionary, was executed in Bolivia. A major figure of the Cuban Revolution, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural symbol of rebellion and global insignia in popular culture.

1968        Astor Piazolla collaborated with poet Horacio Ferrer on the work “Maria," a succession of tangos, waltzes and a fugue, that tells the story of a prostitute in Buenos Aires. The tango had originated from the sultry milonga and the older habanera in the brothels of Buenos Aires.
    (WSJ, 10/27/98, p.A20)(SFC, 12/9/99, p.B1)

1970        Feb 1, In Buenos Aires, Argentina, an express train rammed stationary commuter train and 236 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1970        In Argentina the Montonero Peronist Movement formed about this time as a radical terrorist, leftist, nationalist, and catholic guerrilla group. The Movimiento Peronista Montonero was active during the 1970s. Its motto was venceremos ("we'll win"). Their activity provided a pretext for the 1976 military coup.

1971        Mar 23, In Argentina General Alehandro Lanusse seized power in a bloodless coup from General Roberto Levingston. He proceeded to re-establish ties with China and allowed Juan Domingo Peron to return to Argentina after 17 years of forced exile.
    (SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)(WUD, 1994, p. 1688)

1971        May, Jacobo Timerman founded the La Opinion newspaper.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D6)

1971        Jul 1, Great Britain and Argentina signed an accord on sea and air links to the Falkland Islands, which later caused a war (1982).

1971        Jul 22, Salvador Allende and Alejandro Lanusse, Presidents of Chile and Argentina, signed an Arbitration Agreement formally submitting the dispute concerning the territorial and maritime boundaries between them and the title to the islands Picton, Nueva and Lennox near the extreme end of the American continent to binding arbitration under auspices of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_Channel_Arbitration)(SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)

1971        Aug 22, A coup led by Col. Hugo Banzer Suarez deposed leftist army Gen’l. Juan Jose Torres, who had created a Soviet-style legislature. Torres fled to Argentina.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(SFC, 3/15/97, p.A11)(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)

1971        Oct 9, In Argentina an armed uprising challenged Gen’l’. Lanusse but he secured the backing of the Navy and Air Force and broke the challenge.
    (SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/5ubr76)

1971        Hoof-and-mouth disease hit Argentine cattle.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.A16)

1972        Aug 15, In Argentina 22 members of guerrilla groups escaped from prison in the city of Rawson and took over the airport in nearby Trelew, about 800 miles south of Buenos Aires. Military forces guarding the airport managed to arrest 19, while three escaped by plane to Chile. 19 guerrillas were transferred to the base Almirante Zar. On August 22 they were machine-gunned in their cells. Alberto Camps, Mary Berger and Ricardo Haidar survived the attack and reported the crime, only to disappear in the late 1970s during the military dictatorship that lasted from 1976 to 1983. In 2008 federal police arrested two retired military officers in connection with the massacre of the 16 leftist guerrillas. In 1973 journalist Tomas Eloy Martínez authored “The Passion According to Trelew." It was banned by the Argentine dictatorship.
    (AP, 2/10/08)(www.bither-terry.org/latinamerica/?cat=20)

1972        Nov 17, Juan Peron (1895-1974) returned to Argentina from Spain for a short time after 17 years of exile.

1972        Argentina turned its half of Tiera del Fuego into a special economic zone.
    (Econ, 7/16/16, p.29)

1973        Mar 12, Argentina held elections. Pres. Gen’l. Lanusse (1918-1996) called elections and the Peronists led by Hector Campora (1909-1980) and Vicente Solano Lima returned to power.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1973-3/1973-03-12-CBS-8.html)(SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)(WSJ, 11/14/96, p.A20)

1973        May 25, Argentine Peronist Hector Campora (1909-1980) was installed as president.

1973        Jun 20, Juan Peron (1895-1974) returned to Argentina.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Peron)(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)

1973        Sep 23, Juan Peron was re-elected president of Argentina after being overthrown in 1955. His second wife, Isabel, became vice president, the first woman vice president in Latin American history. She succeeded him when he died 10 months later.
    (AP, 9/23/97)(HN, 9/23/98)

1973        Oct 12, Juan Peron was inaugurated as president of Argentina.

1973        Antonio Berni (1905-1981), an Argentine artist, made his mixed media piece "La Gallina Ciega," (The Blind hen). In 1997 it sold for $607,500.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Berni)

1973        Colonel Cabanillas returned to Italy to oversea the exhumation of the body of Eva Peron and its return to Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 2/3/98, p.A15)

1974        May 11, In Argentina leftist liberation theology priest Carlos Mugica (b.1930) was killed by ultra-right groups.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(http://news.notiemail.com/noticia.asp?nt=10955952&cty=200)

1974        Jul 1, Juan D. Peron (b.1895), president of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), died. Isabel Peron succeeded her husband Juan as president.

1974        Sep 30, Argentina passed the economic-subversion law that provided prosecutors with a legal umbrella to pursue anyone suspected of undermining public disorder. It was repealed in 2002 under IMF pressure.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A7)(www.glin.gov/view.action?glinID=93488)
1974        Sep 30, Gen. Carlo Prats, a former Chilean army chief, was killed with his wife by a car bomb in Buenos Aires. In 2000 an Argentine judge called for the extradition of Augusto Pinochet for the slaying. In 2000 Enrique Arancibia Clavel was sentenced in Argentina to life in prison for his role in the murder.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)

1976        Jan 13, Argentina ousted a British envoy in dispute over the Falkland Islands War.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1976        Mar 24, In Argentina the military overthrew the government of Isabel Peron. Gen. Jorge Rafael Videla led the military coup. Jose Siderman, a Jewish businessman, was forced with death threats to leave the country. He filed suit in the US in 1982 in the first trial of a foreign government for human-rights abuses and won a default settlement. Argentina won a reversal in an appeals court but in 1996 Argentina dropped opposition to the suit. The coup was triggered in part by the violence of the Montoneros, a leftist-nationalist guerrilla group.
     (SFC, 9/14/96, p.A9)(AP, 3/23/97)(SFC, 6/10/98, p.A10)(Econ, 9/13/14, p.43)
1976        Mar 24, Emilio Eduardo Massera (1925-2010), Argentine military officer, was a leading participant in the argentine coup d'état. After the end of the dictatorship in 1983, he was tried for human rights violations and sentenced to life imprisonment and the loss of his military grade. On  December 29, 1990, he was pardoned by then-President Carlos Menem. In 1998 Massera was arrested for his role in stealing babies from killed leftists during the “dirty war" (1976-1983) In 1999 former Pres. And Gen'l. Reynaldo Bignone was also arrested for his role in the baby thefts. In 2000 retired Gen. Juan Sasiain was arrested for his role.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emilio_Eduardo_Massera)(WSJ, 11/25/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/21/99, p.A14)(SFC, 3/17/00, p.D2)
1976        Mar 24, Argentine Sen. Guillermo Vargas Aignasse disappeared on the day of a military coup. In 2008 an Argentine court convicted retired Gens. Antonio Bussi and Luciano Menendez for the murder of the senator and sentenced them to life in prison. They were found guilty of kidnapping, torturing and murdering.
    (AP, 8/29/08)

1976        Mar 26, In 2006 an NSA transcript from this day indicated that US Sec. of State Henry Kissinger was informed in the meeting by then-Assistant Secretary for Latin America William D. Rogers, that if the Argentine military regime succeeded (March 24 coup), it would make a "considerable effort to involve the United States — particularly in the financial field." Kissinger, the NSA's transcript further stated, responded, "Yes, but that is in our interest."
    (AP, 3/24/06)

1976        Apr 9, Vega Ceballos had been detained in Buenos Aires, along with his pregnant Argentine wife Laura Gladis Romero. His body was ashore later in the year off the coast of Uruguay, but was not identified until 2012. Her body has never been found. Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo later believed she was among hundreds of dissidents killed after giving birth in captivity, and whose babies were raised by military or police families.
    (A7P, 9/7/12)

1976        Apr 15 In Argentina Floreal Avellaneda (14), the son of a Communist trade union leader of Greater Buenos Aires, was kidnapped from his house with his mother, by an Army contingent looking for his father. On May 14, 1976, Floreal’s corpse was found on the coast of Montevideo, Uruguay, hands and feet bound and with signs of torture. Iris Pereyra, the boy’s mother, was released after three years. In 2009 former general Santiago Omar Riveros (86) and 4 others were found guilty of involvement in the boy’s murder.
    (www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/87.88eng/chap5.htm)(AP, 8/12/09)

1976        May 18, Zelmar Michelini and Hector Gutierrez, prominent Uruguayan lawmakers, were seized from their homes in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Their bullet-riddled bodies were found days later along with those of suspected rebels suspected guerrillas William Whitelaw and Rosario Barredo.
    (AP, 11/17/06)

1976        May, Monica Mignone (24) was arrested at her family home and never seen again. Her father Emilio Mignone (d.1998), founding rector of a university in Lujon, became a leader of the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights. He also founded the Center for Legal and Social Studies. He wrote "Dictatorship and the Church," in which he criticized the inaction of the church during the "dirty war."
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A23)

1976        Jun 2, Gen’l. Juan Jose Torres (b.1920), ousted as president of Bolivia in 1971, was kidnapped by a death squad in Argentina and killed. He was a victim of the Condor Plan, a South American military pact between Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and Paraguay to exchange intelligence information and help each other hunt down suspected leftists.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Jos%C3%A9_Torres)(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)

1976        Jun, US ambassador Robert C. Hill cautioned Argentina’s new government over wholesale violations of human rights. Sec. of State Henry Kissinger responded: “In what way is it compatible with my policy?"
    (www.nytimes.com/2004/10/01/politics/01kissinger.html)(SFC, 10/1/04, p.A18)

1976        Jul 18, In Argentina Dios Murias (b.1945), a Franciscan friar, was kidnapped by federal police along with French priest Gabriel Longueville. Murias was shut inside the El Chamical air base and two days later was found lying in the middle of a field dead, with his eyes gouged out and his hands cut off.
    (SSFC, 3/24/13, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/b7vp9v5)

1976        Aug 24, In Buenos Aires a government task force kidnapped Marcelo Gelman (20) and his pregnant wife Maria Claudia Garcia Irureta (19). Marcelo was shot and killed 2 months later and packed in cement in an oil drum. His wife disappeared after giving birth in a military hospital in Uruguay. Juan Gelman, the poet father of Marcelo, later campaigned in search of his grandchild and authored the book "Not Even God's Feeble Pardon." In 2008 the granddaughter of Argentine poet Juan Gelman urged Uruguayan courts to reopen a probe into the 1976 disappearance of her dissident mother, weeks before her grandfather was scheduled to receive the Spanish-speaking world's most prestigious literary prize.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A16)(AP, 2/27/08)

1976        Aug, Argentina’s military regime claimed that La Rioja Catholic Bishop Enrique Angelelli (53) was killed in a car accident. A priest named Esteban Pinto survived the accident and later filed a lawsuit. In 2014 ex-general Luciano Menendez (87) was found guilty of ordering the murder of Angelelli. Retired commodore Luis Estrella was also found guilty in the case.
    (AP, 7/5/14)

1976        Sep 16, Secretary of state Henry Kissinger sent a cable canceling a US warning against carrying out international political assassinations that was to have gone to Chile, Argentina and Uruguay just days before a former ambassador was killed by Chilean agents on Washington's Embassy Row. The document was not made public until 2010.
    (AP, 4/10/10)

1976        Oct 15, French-Argentine citizen Marianne Erize (22) was kidnapped and disappeared. In 2008 retired army major Jorge Antonio Olivera was arrested for the "forced disappearance, kidnapping and torture" of Erize when Olivera was a lieutenant in the 22nd Mountain Infantry Regiment. In August 2000, Olivera was detained in Italy at the request of French authorities, but was freed after presenting what was later found to be a falsified death certificate saying Erize had died on Nov. 11, 1976 — 26 days after being illegally detained.
    (AP, 11/4/08)

1976        Nov 11, In Argentina journalist Claudio Adur (26) disappeared. This marked the beginning of a large number of journalists who disappearing following the March military coup.

1976        Nov 24, In Argentina military and law enforcement officials descended on the La Plata home of Daniel Enrique Mariani, and his wife, Diana Esmeralda Terugi, as part of an official campaign against people deemed to be subversives. Their home housed a printing press for the leftist group Montoneros. Terugi and four others were killed in the raid. Daniel was not home, but was killed less than a year later. Witnesses later said their daughter Clara Anahi, aged 3 months, was taken from the home.
    (SSFC, 8/26/18, p.C9)

1976        Dec 6, Joao Goulart (b.1919), former president of Brazil (1961-1964), died in Argentina. He was ousted in a 1964 coup and went into exile in Argentina.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo%C3%A3o_Goulart)(SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A4)

1976        Carlos Menem, governor of La Rioja province, was deposed and detained during the Argentine coup d'état. menem was elected governor again in 1983. He defeated the Buenos Aires governor Antonio Cafiero in the primary elections for the 1989 presidential elections, which he won.
1976        Carla Rutila was abducted as a baby in Bolivia, where her parents were fighting as leftist guerrillas with the National Liberation Army, or ELN. Her father, Uruguayan Enrique Luca Lopez, was killed, and her mother, Argentine Graciela Rutila Artes, disappeared after being taken to a secret torture center in Buenos Aires, the Automotores Orletti garage. At age 10 she discovered her true identity through DNA tests advocated by the human-rights group Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo. In 2010 Rutila (35) testified against Eduardo Ruffo, the agent who adopted her, and said that from the age of 3 until she was rescued at 10, Ruffo physically and sexually abused her. Ruffo was not arrested until 2006, when a judge found sufficient evidence to charge him with human-rights violations.
    (AP, 8/19/10)
1976        Four members of a Spanish family were killed in Rosario. Pres. Gen’l. Leopoldo Galtieri was later accused of being responsible by a Spanish court. In 1999 Spanish Judge Baltasar Garzon named former Argentine Pres. Leopoldo Galtieri in an indictment along with 95 other military officers, who presided over the "Dirty War" (1976-1983).
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A14)(SFC, 11/3/99, p.C3)

1976-1983    In 1998 prosecutors identified 4 ex-military men as holders of Swiss bank accounts pillaged from political prisoners of this era. Former Gen’l. Antonio Bussi, former Sergeant Carlos Vega, former Lt. Alfredo Astiz, and Col. Roberto Roualdes (d.1995), were cited.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A11)
1976-1983    Mass killings marked these years known as Argentina’s “Dirty War" period. At least 9,000 people, suspected by the government of being leftist dissidents, were arrested, tortured and never seen again. In 1997 Adolfo Scilingo, a former naval officer, testified in Spain that as many as 1,500 Argentine navy officials participated in death flights, where people were hurled into the ocean. In 1998 Marguerite Feitlowitz published “A Lexicon of Terror," covering the “Dirty War." In 2000 an Italian court convicted 7 Argentine officers in absentia for kidnapping and killing Italian citizens in the “dirty war." The military and police operated about 10 detention centers during the dictatorship in La Plata, a city of universities south of Buenos Aires where the crackdown's toll on college students was particularly severe.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D2)(SFC, 7/1/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/7/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/08)

1977        Jan 17, In Argentina Abel Madariaga last saw his wife, a surgeon who treated the poor in a Buenos Aires suburb, being pushed into a Ford Falcon by army officers dressed as civilians as she walked to a train. He and Silvia Quintela (28) were members of the Montoneros, a leftist group targeted for elimination by government death squads. Quintela gave birth to a son the couple had planned to name Francisco in July 1977, while imprisoned in the Campo de Mayo, one of the notorious clandestine torture centers in suburban Buenos Aires. A military intelligence officer, Victor Alejandro Gallo, brought the baby, his umbilical cord still attached, home to his wife, Ines Susana Colombo. Silvia disappeared shortly thereafter. In 2010 Abel was reunited with his son and Gallo was arrested on suspicion of illegal adoption.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

1977        Mar 9, Activist Elisabeth Kaesemann (30), a German sociologist, was abducted in Argentina. Her bullet-riddled body was later found dumped on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.

1977        Mar 25, In Argentina political writer Rodolfo Walsh was murdered one day after writing the “Open Letter to the Military Junta" on the first anniversary of the military coup. He had reported on tortures, mass killings, and thousands of disappearances. In 2011 Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," was convicted in the kidnapping and disappearing of Rodolfo Walsh.
    (http://americas.irc-online.org/am/3170)(AP, 10/26/11)

1977        Apr 15, Some 20 armed men broke into the home of journalist Jacobo Timerman. He was seized and held for over a year with beatings, electrical shocks and solitary confinement.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D6)

1977        Apr 30, In Argentina 14 women whose children had disappeared went to the Plaza de Mayo to demonstrate their cause. Police said they could not stay there so they began to walk around the pyramid in the center of the plaza. In 2006 they completed their 1,500th and last demonstration [see Dec 1977].
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.E3)

1977        Jul 11, In Argentina Bishop Carlos Horacio Ponce de Leon (b.1914) died in a car accident while driving with Victor Oscar Martinez to deliver evidence of junta crimes to the Vatican’s representative. The evidence disappeared.
    (http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Horacio_Ponce_de_Le%C3%B3n)(SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)

1977        Nov, In Argentina Hilda Palacios, Humberto Brandalisi, Carlos Laja and Ruben Cardozo were kidnapped. Prosecutors later said they were taken to the clandestine prison and torture center known as La Perla on the outskirts of Cordoba and killed the following month. Their bodies were then dumped in the street to make it look like they died in a shootout with officials. In 2008 former army chief Luciano Benjamin Menendez (81) was convicted of kidnapping, torturing and killing the left-wing militants. He was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 5/27/08)(AP, 7/24/08)

1977        Dec 8, In Argentina Leonie Duquet, a French nun, was abducted in a commando-style operation by state security agents. Alice Domon, another French nun, was abducted later this month, but her remains were never recovered. They were killed after befriending mothers of detained dissidents, who were among the first victims of a crackdown on dissent against the 1976-83 dictatorship. In 2011 an Argentine court charged three former police officers with killing five women, including Duquet and Domon, during the country's 1976-1983 "dirty war" by throwing them out of an airplane while still alive. In 2011 Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," was convicted in the disappearances of French nuns Alice Domon and Leonie Duquet.
    (AP, 12/9/07)(AFP, 6/3/11)(AP, 10/26/11)

1977        Dec 10, In Argentina Azucena Villaflor, along with mothers Esther Ballestrino de Careaga and Maria Eugenia Ponce de Bianco, were kidnapped by state security agents. In 2005 Investigators recovered the remains of Villaflor and 2 colleagues at a rural cemetery. Villaflor had founded the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, the legendary protest group against Argentina's Dirty War.  In 2011 Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," was convicted in the disappearance of Azucena Villaflor.
    (AP, 7/8/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azucena_Villaflor)(AP, 10/26/11)

1977        Dec 20, Bodies of women began to wash up on a beach in southern Argentina. They were among the leaders of the "Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo" representing relatives of thousands of disappeared. The US soon learned that the ruling junta was responsible. The Carter administration went on to authorize $120 million in military sales and approved over 30 training slots for Argentine officers at US military installations.
    (SFC, 12/17/02, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Domon)

1977        In Argentina Carlos Perez Companac, head of Perez Companac SA, died. His adopted son Goyo manages to steer the company forward.
    (WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-15)

1978        Jan 17, In Argentina Isabel Loedel Maiztegui (22), a Montonera, disappeared.
    (Econ., 1/16/21, p.69)

1978        Jun 25, Argentina, host to the World Cup, beat Netherlands in the soccer World Cup championship in Buenos Aires. It was later alleged that the ruling military junta bribed an opposing team to ensure Argentina’s progress and eventual victory.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_FIFA_World_Cup)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.32)

1978        Sep 25, Jacobo Timerman was released by Argentina’s ruling junta under international pressure. His citizenship was stripped, his newspaper confiscated and he was put on a plane for Israel.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D6)

1979        Jan 9, The Act of Montevideo was signed in Uruguay pledging Argentina and Chile to a peaceful solution and a return to the military situation of early 1977. Cardinal Antonio Samore (1905-1983), Vatican representative, mediated the Beagle conflict.

1979        Marta Minujin (b.1943), Argentine artist, made her monumental "The Obelisk of Raising Bread." It was made of 40,000 panetone and was later distributed to the crowd.
    (WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A20)

1980        Dec 25, The paintings "La route" (Bend of the road) by Paul Cezanne, "La tete de jeune fille au Ruban bleu" (Portrait of a Lady) by Auguste Renoir, and "Le cri" (The cry) by Paul Gauguin were among nearly 2 dozen stolen from the Argentine National Fine Arts Museum in Buenos Aires. The art works were located at a Paris gallery in 2002, where they had been brought by a Taiwanese man claiming to represent a Chinese investor. The investor said he bought them from a Brazilian senator who said he inherited them from his family.
    (AP, 11/25/05)(http://cpprot.te.verweg.com/2003-July/000215.html)

1981        Mar 29, General Roberto Eduardo Viola was sworn in as the President of Argentina.
    (HN, 3/29/98)

1981        Jul 10, Isabel Peron, ex-president of Argentina, flew in exile to Spain after being paroled following conviction for corrupt practices.

1981        Jacobo Timerman (d.1999 at 76), Argentine journalist, published "Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number" from Israel.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D6)

1982        Apr 2,    Several thousand troops from Argentina seized the disputed Falkland Islands, located in the south Atlantic, from Britain but Lady Thatcher had Britain take them back the following June. Britain fought with Argentina in the Falkland Islands War, also known as the Falklands War, the Malvinas War and the South Atlantic War. The short, undeclared war between the two nations was fought over claims to the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and neighboring islands. Argentina had laid claims to the territories since the 19th century, but spurred by a related dispute on South Georgia island and political expediency, the military government of Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands. A British naval task force was assembled and headed towards the war zone by late April. British forces established a beachhead on the Falklands in late May. With the surrender of the Argentine garrison at Stanley on June 14, the conflict was essentially over.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)(AP, 4/2/99)(HNQ, 1/10/01)

1982        Apr 3, Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina. The UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands.
    (AP, 4/3/02)

1982        May 2, In the Falklands War the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano was sunk by the British submarine Conqueror, killing 323 men. Lord Terence Thornton Lewin (d.1999 at 78), British military commander, was regarded as the one who persuaded Margaret Thatcher to order the sinking.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARA_General_Belgrano)(SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)

1982        May 4, The British destroyer HMS Sheffield was hit by Exocet rocket off the Falkland Islands. 20 men died and a further 24 were injured in the sinking of the Sheffield, the first British warship to be lost in 37 years.

1982        May 21, During the Falklands War, British amphibious forces landed on the beach at San Carlos Bay.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

1982        May 23, The British HMS Antelope was attacked. It sank the next day after an unexploded bomb detonates. Ten Argentine aircraft were destroyed.

1982        Jun 14, Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the disputed Falkland Islands. 970 people were killed including 255 British soldiers. Argentine dictator Leopaldo Galtieri led the initial attack in the 72-day war. The dead in the ten-week war included 712 Argentines, 255 Britons and 3 islanders. In 2003 it was revealed that some British ships carried nuclear depth charges. In 2005 Lawrence Freedman authored “The Official History of the Falklands Campaign, Volumes I and II. In 2007 Hugh McManners authored “Forgotten Voices of the Falklands: The Real Story of the Falklands War in the Words of Those Who Were There."
    (AP, 6/14/97)(WSJ, 12/8/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.81)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.88)

1982        Jun 17, Pres. Galtieri resigned after leading Argentina to defeat in Falkland Islands War.

1982        Jul 1, Retired Gen. Reynaldo Bignone (1928-2018) was sworn in as president of Argentina following the Falklands War.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynaldo_Bignone)(SSFC, 3/11/18, p.C10)

1982        Aug 26, The Argentine government lifted a ban on political parties.
    (RTH, 8/26/99)

1983        Apr 28, Argentine government declared all 15-30,000 "missing persons" dead from "Dirty War."

1983        Sep 23, The so-called Law of National Pacification was issued two weeks before the election that brought President Alfonsín to power. Argentina’s military regime gave a blanket amnesty to military and political killers and torturers.

1983        Oct 30, Argentina held general elections. The democratic government of Raul Alfonsin replaced the 7-year-old military junta and formed a national human rights commission. The first act of the government was to annul the amnesty rushed through by the junta just before it fell.
    (www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/83.84.eng/chap.4.htm)(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D4)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.40)

1983        Nov 18, Argentina announced its ability to produce enriched uranium for nuclear weapons.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1983        Dec 10, Argentina's Pres. Reynaldo Bignone handed power over to Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín.
    (SSFC, 3/11/18, p.C10)

1983        Dec 16, Argentina’s Pres. Raúl Alfonsín launched a truth commission on the systematic yet secret, disappearance, torture, and death of thousands of individuals suspected by the government of supporting the left-wing agenda following the military coup in 1976. Over the next nine months the commission established that at least 8,960 people had been murdered.
    (https://www.usip.org/publications/1983/12/truth-commission-argentina)(Econ 5/13/17, p.32)

1983        In Argentina shortly after the restoration of democracy Gen’l. Reynaldo Bignone ordered the burning of all documents regarding the disappeared. As president from 1982 to 1983, it fell to Bignone to protect the military as Argentina returned to democracy. He granted amnesty to human rights violators and ordered the destruction of documents related to torture and disappearances of political opponents before agreeing to transfer power to the democratically elected Raul Alfonsin. In 2003 Bignone was charged for holding ultimate responsibility for cases of torture, illegal break-ins and deprivations of freedoms from 1976 to 1978. His trial in open court began in 2009.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)(AP, 11/2/09)
1983        Wenseslao Bunge, a lawyer, established himself as a informal bridge between the US and Argentina and founded the Argentine-American Forum. He later became the confidant and intermediary for Alfredo Yabran.
    (SFC, 2/28/98, p.A7)

1984        The Argentine writer, Julio Cortazar, died. His novels included “Final Exam" “Cronopios and Famas," and “Hopscotch." The English translation of Cronopios by Paul Blackburn was published in 1962 and reissued in 2000.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.8)(SFEC, 8/6/00, BR p.12)

1985        Nov 10, In Argentina water burst through a retaining wall and spilled into the lakeside streets of Epecuen. A particularly heavy had rainstorm followed a series of wet winters and the lake overflowed its banks. People fled with what they could, and within days their homes were submerged under nearly 10 meters (33 feet) of corrosive saltwater. The spa town was created in 1921 to take advantage of the lakes concentration of minerals.
    (AP, 5/10/13)(SFC, 11/23/21, p.A2)

1985          Argentine army commander Jorge Rafael Videla (b.1925), former president (1976-1981) was sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in the death squads during a 7-year dictatorship. He was pardoned by Pres. Menem in 1990. He was arrested and indicted again in 1998 for covering up the identities of abducted children. In 2006 a federal court judge ruled that the presidential pardon was unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 6/10/98, p.A10)(SFC, 7/15/98, p.C12)(AP, 9/6/06)

1985        Marcelo Carvalho de Andrade (26) of Brazil, mountain climber, former model and surgeon, came up with a plan to help protect the rain forest while waiting out a storm on the north face of Argentina’s Aconcagua mountain, the highest peak in South America.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/22ekjj)

1986        Apr 29, Raul Prebisch (b.1901), Argentine policy maker and economic diplomat, died in Santiago, Chile. In 2009 Edgar J. Dosman authored “The Life and Times of Raul Prebisch."
    (Econ, 3/7/09, p.90)(http://tinyurl.com/cgd359)

1986        May 16, Argentine ex-president Galtieri (1926-2003) was sentenced to 12 years.

1986        Jun 19, Argentina beat West Germany 3-2 in soccer's 13th World Cup in Mexico.

1986        Jun 14, Jorge Luis Borges (b.1899), Argentine author (Book of Sand), died in Geneva. In 1998 a new English translation by Andrew Hurley of his "Collected Fictions" was published. In 1999 Alexander Coleman edited "Selected Poems." Also in 1999 Eliot Weinberger edited "Selected Non-Fictions." In 2004 Edwin Williamson authored “Borges: A Life."
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, BR p.1)(SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.3)(WSJ, 8/17/99, p.A18)(WSJ, 8/5/04, p.D8)

1986        The band Los Fabulosos Cadillacs began with bassist Flavio Oscar Cianciarulo and keyboardist Gabriel Fernandez Capello (Vincentico). They did their first gig as Los Cadillacs at a pub called the Blues in Buenos Aires.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, DB p.52)

1987        Apr 19, Argentina’s President Raul Alfonsin obtained the surrender of dozens of armed rebel soldiers who had been holed up at a military base for three days.
    (AP, 4/19/97)

1987        Jun, Prominent politicians in Argentina received a letter with a message that robbers had made off with the hands of General Juan Peron, deceased since 1974, and demanded $8 million for their return. No deal was made and numerous people related to the investigation died in strange circumstances.
    (WSJ, 4/6/95, p.A-1, A-5)

1987        Argentina legalized divorce. Prior to this Argentineans went to Uruguay for divorces and continued to go there for legal abortions.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A14)
1987        Argentina passed a law that absolved most military personnel of their alleged crimes on the grounds that they were only following orders.
    (WSJ, 2/28/96, p.A-1)
1987        In Argentina the first fossils of a giant dinosaur were found by a rancher in Patagonia and later named Argentinosaurus.  It lived between 97 and 94 million years ago and is among the largest known dinosaurs.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentinosaurus)

1988        Dec 4, The government of Argentina announced that hundreds of heavily armed soldiers had ended a four-day military revolt.
    (AP, 12/4/98)

c1988        The band Los Reconditos de Ricota (The Little Rolls of Ricotta - cheese) began performing. They became wildly popular and at the same time rejected commercializing their work.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, Z1 p.5)

1989        Jan 23, Vital Gaguine, leftist Argentine guerrilla, during a rebel attack on a military barracks in Buenos Aires. He was later identified as the bomber hired by the Sandinistas to kill Eden Pastora Gomez (May 30, 1984), a Nicaraguan anticommunist revolutionary.
    (AP, 8/26/11)

1989        Feb 7, In Argentina devaluation caused a wild panic in the financial district of Buenos Aires.

1989        May 7, Guy Williams (b.1924), actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), died in Argentina. He was born as Armando Catalano in NYC.

1989        May 14, Peronist candidate Carlos Saul Menem won Argentina's presidential election with Eduardo Duhalde as VP. He was a Muslim who converted to Catholicism, which was previously a requirement for the presidency. The annual inflation rate was 5000%.
    (WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-15)(Hem., 1/96, p.11)(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/14/99)

1989        May 19, In Argentina shortly after the presidential elections, stores and supermarkets in several cities were looted.

1989        Jul 8, Carlos Saul Menem was inaugurated as president of Argentina in the country's first transfer of power from one democratically elected civilian leader to another in six decades.
    (AP, 7/8/99)

1989        Oct, Pres. Menem issued pardons to 277 of those already convicted or indicted for crimes during the rule of the military junta, including nearly 40 generals and several guerrilla leaders.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.40)(www.hrw.org/reports/1989/WR89/Argentin.htm)

1989        Alberto Calderon (1920-1998), born in Argentina, won the Wolf Prize, the highest award in mathematics. He contributed to developing singular integrals and with his mentor, Antoni Zygmund, founded the Chicago school of analysis.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A26)
1989        Argentina's Pres. Carlos Saul Menem, having persuaded Congress to grant him sweeping powers, slashed import tariffs, subsidies and curbs on foreign investment, and privatized hundreds of state enterprises.
    (Econ., 2/20/21, p.29)
1989        Argentina broke with the past and positioned itself as a US ally. Castro’s Cuba was denounced and frigates were sent to support Desert Storm.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A15)
1989        The central bank of Argentina suffered losses in Q2 worth 23.5% of GDP.
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.74)

1989-1999    Carlos Menem served as president. He raised the number of Supreme Court justices from 5 to 9 with personal supporters and questioned credentials.
    (WSJ, 2/19/02, p.A20)

1990        Apr, Argentina’s Congress under Pres. Carlos Menem added 4 new seats to the 5-member Supreme Court.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.46)

1990        Jul 8, West Germany won the World Cup soccer championship by defeating Argentina, 1-to-0.
    (AP, 7/8/00)

1990        Sept 10, In Catamarca, Argentina, the body of 17-year-old Maria Soledad Morales was found. She had been tortured, mutilated and killed. Her murder was covered up by local authorities and as of 1996 no one had yet been charged.
    (WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)

1990-1999    The Funa movement developed in Argentina where it was known as escrache. Protesters marched to the homes or workplaces of former military agents involved in “disappearances," where they chanted “If there isn’t any justice, there’s La Funa!" The movement expanded to Chile especially after Pinochet was arrested in 1998.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.F1)

1991        Mar 26, The Treaty of Asuncion established the southern common market: (Mercado Comun del Sur) Mercosur, between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. They were later joined by associate members Chile (1996), Bolivia (1997), Peru (2001) and Venezuela (2004). Mexico was granted observer status in 2004.

1991        Mar 29, Argentine soccer star Diego Maradona was suspended by the Italian League for testing positive on March 17 for cocaine use.

1991        Apr 1, Argentina maintained a currency board regime this day through January 6, 2002, under which the Argentine peso was pegged one for one to the U.S. dollar.

1991        Aug 3, Radio La Colifata (Loony Radio) began broadcasting in Buenos Aires to help mentally ill patients communicate with their peers. The weekly radio show was broadcast from inside a psychiatric hospital. Initially taped segments were broadcast, but by 2007 live programming reached over 30 stations in Argentina and elsewhere in Latin America.
    (https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/LT22_Radio_La_Colifata)(SFC, 3/1/01, p.A8)(SFC, 1/9/07, p.D3)

1991        Argentina’s Pres. Carlos Menem signed bilateral investment deals with the US and France. They required Argentina to protect foreign firms’ property rights, and to air grievances at the Int’l. Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).
    (Econ, 2/18/12, p.38)
1991        Pres. Carlos Menem signed an accord to open secret government files to researchers of the Delegation of Jewish Argentine Associations (DAIA).
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.A12,15)
1991        Eduardo Duhalde resigned as VP and was elected as governor of Buenos Aires. He served 2 terms and ran for the presidency in 1999.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A5)
1991        Carlos Bastos took over as energy secretary. The first thing he did was to divide the utilities into 3 discreet lines of business: generation, transmission and distribution.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A1)
1991        Domingo Cavallo, economic minister, instituted a convertibility program that required each Argentine peso in circulation be backed by a dollar in reserves.
    (WSJ, 7/29/96, p.A8)
1991        Argentina passed legislation that required 30% of candidates on party lists for Congress to be women.
    (Econ, 12/15/07, p.44)
1991        In Argentina Mauricio Macri, elected president in 2015, was kidnapped and held for two weeks until his father paid a $6 million ransom.
    (Econ, 10/31/15, p.34)
1991        In Argentina a group of struggling Bolivian clothing producers in Buenos Aires bought the site of abandoned thermal baths and established the La Salada market. Their Punta Mogote warehouse opened in 1999.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.30)
1991        Argentina’s overall government spending was $47.3 billion.
    (WSJ, 8/2/96, p.A13)

1991-1995    Argentina shipped weapons to Ecuador and Croatia. The guns were initially shipped to Panama and Bolivia and the Argentine government later blamed arms dealers for their diversion. In 1996 Oscar Camilion stepped down as defense minister for his roll in the arms shipments. In 1998 Horacio Estrada, a retired navy captain, was found shot to death. Four days earlier prosecutors had begun questioning him about the 1991-1995 arms shipments.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)

1992         Mar 17, A truck bombing at the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killed 29 people. Iran denied any role. Hezbollah leader Imad Mughniyeh was suspected of involvement. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 3/17/97)(WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A14)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)

1992        Reynaldo Bignone Argentina's last military dictator (1982-1983) authored the memoir: "The Last De Facto".
    (SSFC, 3/11/18, p.C10)
1992        Argentina privatized its natural gas industry.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.40)
1992        Astor Piazzolla, Argentine Bandoneon player and composer, died. His albums included : “El Desbande" (1947), “The Vienna Concert" (1981), “Tango Zero Hour" (1986), “The Lausanne Concert" and “Five Tango Sensations" (1989), and “The Rough Dancer and the Cyclical Night."
    (BAAC, 1/96, p.4,5)(Esq., 5/91, p.60,61)

1993        Argentina’s Pres. Menem made a deal with congress known as the Olivos Pact. The congressional opposition allowed him to run for re-election and changed the constitution to make lawful decrees that he had issued in exchange for a term reduction from 6 years to 4 along with a reduction in influence over other branches of government.
    (Econ, 8/12/06, p.29)
1993        Gen’l. Lanusse was place under house arrest for after he accused Pres. Carlos Menem of being “frivolous" and a “womanizer."
    (SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)
1993        In Argentina Father Julio Grassi became widely known after starting the "Happy the Children" Foundation, opening several homes for poor children and doing other charitable work.
    (AP, 6/11/09)
1993        In Argentina Santa Cruz province, under Gov. Nestor Kirchner, acquired shares in YPF, a privatized oil company, in lieu of unpaid royalties. The shares were sold for a big profit in 1999 and the proceeds were held abroad. Some of the money returned to the province but Mr. Kirchner has not revealed what happened to the rest.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.28)

1994        Jan 21, In Argentina a fire near Puerto Madryn killed 25 fire cadets.

1994        Jul 18, In Buenos Aires a terrorist attack killed 85 people at the city’s Jewish Center, the Argentine Israelite Mutual Aid Society (AMIA). Some 300 people were injured. In 1996 three senior policemen and a retired officer were charged in connection to the bombing. Iran denied any role. Police inspector, Juan Jose Ribelli, accepted a $2.5 million several days before the attack for providing the car in which the bomb exploded. It was later revealed that he and his colleagues sold protection to car thieves in return for stolen goods. In 2000 Ahmad Behbahani (32) told a 60 Minutes journalist from a refugee camp in Turkey that Iran was behind the 1994 bombing in Argentina. In 2002 it was reported that Iran paid Pres. Menem $10 million to cover up Iran’s involvement. In 2004 a federal court acquitted 5 men of being accessories to the bombing. [see Nov 9, 2005] In 2009 a court ruled that Carlos Alberto Telledin, accused of loading the van with explosives, should be tried again for his participation in the bombing. In 2015 ex-President Carlos Menem, a former top judge and several other officials went on trial for allegedly derailing the investigation.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A1)(WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/9/97, p.B10)(HN, 7/18/98)(SFC, 6/6/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/3/04, p.A18)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)(SSFC, 12/20/09, p.A31)(AP, 8/6/15)

1994        Aug 20, Buenos Aires Archbishop Quarracino called for a zone of exclusion for all homosexuals in Argentina.

1994        Sep 30, Roberto Viola, Argentine general and president (1981), died at 69.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1994        Argentina amended its constitution to allow a non-Catholic to be president.
(Econ, 3/15/14, p.15)
1994        In Argentina the main postal office was privatized. A proposed split for control was made between Alfredo Yabran and Domingo Cavallo. Economy Minister Cavallo refused to grant the concession to Yabran.
    (SFC, 2/28/98, p.A7)
1994        Argentina under conservative Pres. Carlos Menem began to allow private retirement funds as an alternative to state pension funds. As of 2008 the funds yielded an average return of 13.9%. In 2008 the government proposed to nationalize the private pensions in order to meet debt payments.
    (WSJ, 7/30/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 10/22/08, p.A8)(Econ, 10/25/08, p.47)
1994        In Argentina Economy Minister Domingo Cavallo accused Alfredo Yabran, a courier company magnate, of heading an organized crime ring. The accusations cost Cavallo his job in 1995.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A13)(SFC, 2/28/98, p.A7)
1994        The Mercosur Customs Union was created among Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
    (WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A-10)

1994-1995    It was alleged that IBM offered government officials up to $21 million to win a contract with the Banco de la Nacion.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)

1995        Feb, Carlos Menem Jr. (27) was killed in a helicopter crash. It was later reported that the copter was shot down. A number of witnesses and people involved in the investigations were also killed. His mother, Zulema Yoma, later pressed for an investigation and in 1997 staged a sit-in a police headquarters in Buenos Aires to get a report released that indicated sniper fire in the crash.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A13)

1995        May 14, Argentina's Carlos Menem was re-elected to a 4-year term.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Menem)(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)

1995        Nov 8, An air force Fokker 27 crashed in central Argentina’s mountains and killed all 57 on board.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)

1995        Nov 21, Former Nazi Capt. Erich Priebke was extradited from Argentina to Italy to face trial for his role in the Ardeatine Caves massacre. A court found him guilty in 1996 but released him because too much time had elapsed since the crime. There was a major uproar and he was again arrested and a 1997 trial convicted him and co-defendant Major Karl Hass. Priebke was sentenced to 5 years in prison. Hass was convicted but released due to mitigating circumstances.  face charges in the massacre of 335 Italian civilians in Nazi-occupied Rome.
    (AP, 3/23/97)(WSJ, 10/3/95, p.A-21) (WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A9)
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1995        Dec, Dow Chemical was to take control of Petroquimmica Bahia Blanca SA. Dow would own 70% of the company it designed in the late 60s and was forced to turn over to the military.
    (WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A-10)

1995        Antonio Domingo Bussin was elected governor of Tucuman province. Under a prior stint as governor twenty years ago, a civil rights commission found that Mr. Bussin oversaw a campaign of terror against a band of left wing guerrillas and that he ordered the detention of at least 387 people, all of whom remain missing.
    (WSJ, 2/28/96, p.A-1)

1995        The overall government spending was $47.3 billion.
    (WSJ, 8/2/96, p.A13)

1995        Pres. Carlos Menem expropriated 54,000 acres of Tabacal land for the Kolla Indians.
    (WSJ, 11/14/97, p.A1)

1995        Argentina and Chile signed an energy agreement that allowed Argentina to cut supplies in an emergency, but only in the same proportion as they are restricted at home.
    (Econ, 5/15/04, p.34)

1996        Feb 15, In the Toronto Globe and Star there was a report by Peter Whelan that “pesticides sprayed on fields in Argentina were killing tens of thousands of wintering Swainson’s hawks that nest on the Canadian prairies and the adjacent US Great Plains."
    (NH, 10/96, p.51)

1996        Jul 7, The average cost of a Big Mac in Argentina was $3.
    (SFC, 7/7/96, Parade, p.17)

1996        Jul 11, The minister of justice, Rodolfo Barra, resigned his post due to his past association as a teen-ager in the 60s with the anti-Semitic group, Tacuara.
    (SFC, 7/12/96, p.A14)

1996        Aug 12, Economy minister Roque Fernandez announced a new round of austerity measures that included higher fuel prices and tax boosts on everything. Cash will be raised by selling commercial airports, military installations, nuclear power plants and cracking down on tax-evasion.
    (WSJ, 8/13/96, p.A7)

1996        Aug 26, Alexander Lanusse, military president of Argentina (1971-73), died.

1996        Oct, Director Juan Carlos Desanzo produced his film “Eva Peron."
    (Hem., 1/97, p.106)

1996        In Argentina Maria Lamadrid founded “Africa Lives," a black rights group based in Buenos Aires.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A21)
1996         Oscar Camilion stepped down as defense minister for his roll in the 1991-1995 arms shipments to Ecuador and Croatia.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)
1996        Argentina, Brazil and the US acted to forestall a coup in Paraguay.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.35)
1996        The Argentine oil firm Compania General de Combustibles (CGC) received a contract to drill for oil in Sarayaca, Ecuador, home to some 2,000 Quichua Indians. Natives fended off oil drilling well into 2004.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.W1)
1996        It was reported that hantavirus in Argentina had caused the death of 12 people this year.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.A27)

1997        Jan 4, In Argentina thieves tunneled into a Buenos Aires bank and robbed as much as $25 million.
    (SFC, 1/16/96, p.A12)

1997        Jan 25, In Argentina Noticias photojournalist Jose Luis Cabezas was found murdered in the Atlantic resort of Pinamar. He had been handcuffed, tortured and burned alive near a meeting place of the Justicialist Party. It was later revealed that police officers carried out the murder under orders from Alfredo Yabran. In 2000 a tribunal found 3 former provincial police officers guilty in the murder along with a former security guard and 4 civilians.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A15)(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A13)(SFC,12/9/97, p.B10)(SFC, 2/28/98, p.A7)(SFC, 2/3/00, p.A13)

1997        Mar 27, It was reported that former economy minister Domingo Cavallo claimed that Alfredo Yabran, the country’s most successful businessman, led an all-powerful mafia of businessmen, politicians and judges.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A14)

1997        Apr 17, The government announced the formation of a commission to “clarify what happened in Argentina in the last years of WW II and the postwar."
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.A12)

1997        Apr 24, The Argentine film "Wake Up Love" opened at the SF film festival.
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.D6)

1997        Apr, The sci-fi thriller "Moebius" was made by students at the Univ. of Cinema in Buenos Aires at a cost of $250,000.
    (SFC, 5/3/97, p.E1)

1997        May 31, It was reported that high joblessness (17.3%) was causing riots in various provinces outside the capital. Neuquin, Jujuy, Salta and Santa Fe had all experienced riots.
    (SFC, 5/31/97, p.A13)

1997        Aug 7, Pres. Eduardo Frei of Chile and Argentine Pres. Carlos Menem opened a $325 million pipeline for natural gas from Argentina to Santiago.
    (SFC, 8/8/97, p.E3)

1997        Aug 14, Public sector and opposition unions called for a 24-hour strike to protest the nation’s 16.1% unemployment rate and proposed labor reforms.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A15)

1997        Aug 15, It was reported that the country would issue bonds to pay indemnities to the relatives and descendants of the 1970s “dirty war." As many as 30,000 people disappeared and about 8,000 families have applied for payments authorized at $224,000 per victim.
    (WSJ, 8/15/97, p.A1)

1997        Aug, Argentine beef was allowed to be imported fresh to the US market.
    (WSJ, 5/26/98, p.B1)

1997        Sep 5, A group headed by Sociedad Macri SA took over the postal service with an offer to pay the state about $102 million annually for 20 years.
    (WSJ, 9/8/97, p.A15)

1997        Sep, Adolfo Scilingo, a former navy officer, had his face slashed by unknown assailants in a Buenos Aires street. He and Horatio Verbitsky wrote “El Vuelo," (The Flight), a best -seller about the death flights during the “dirty war."
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)

1997        Oct 10, Adolfo Scilingo was jailed in Spain after appearing to voluntarily testify on his crimes. He admitted to hurling 30 prisoners from airplanes during the “dirty war."
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)
1997        Oct 10, An Argentine DC-9 with 75 people crashed in Uruguay. All 74 were killed when the plane crashed during a torrential rainstorm.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/12/97, p.A16)

1997        Oct 16, Pres. Clinton designated Argentina a “non-NATO ally" during a speech in Buenos Aires.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A25)

1997        Oct 26, In congressional elections in Argentina the opposition coalition led the Peronists 46% to 36%. The opposition Alliance, led by Fernandez Maijide, was composed of the centrist Civic Radical Union and the left-leaning Frepaso coalition.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A8)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A8)

1997        Oct, Alberto Pedroncini filed a suit on behalf of relatives of 13 “disappeared" people. He argued that the government pardons of military officials were illegal because forced kidnapping is an ongoing offense since the victims have never been found.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A14)

1997        Dec 30, A Spanish judge accused 36 Argentine military and police officers of involvement in torture and the disappearance of 600 Spaniards during the dirty war from 1976-1983. Most of those named served in the ESMA, a torture center used by the military regime.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)

1997        Dec, Alfredo Yabran sold his main businesses to a Cayman Islands-based holding company known as EXXEL for $600 million. He was believed to be the head of a powerful mafia empire. Former US ambassador Terence Todman was a representative of the EXXEL group. Todman was US secretary of Latin American Affairs in 1990 and called off the US Drug Enforcement Agency from pressuring Yabran, whose operations included airport customs operations, duty-free shops, cargo transportation and armored car services.
    (SFC, 2/28/98, p.A1,7)

1997        Federico Andahazi, Argentine psychologist authored "The Anatomist." The novel was about a 16th-century Italian anatomist who became interested in the function of the clitoris while examining corpses and of his subsequent attempts to research the subject in bed with Venetian prostitutes. The book was virtually unknown before the scandal but went to the top of the best-seller list. It won the prestigious Fortabat Foundation prize for the best first novel by an Argentine. But the award ceremony was canceled by the sponsor, Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat, a wealthy businesswoman, leading to a national debate over freedom of expression.
    (www.literatura.org/Andahazi/anatomista/faanatnyt2.html)(NYT, 5/16/97)

1997        The New Order Party, a fascist political group, was founded by Alejandro Franze.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A10)
1997        Paleontologists found an area in Patagonia over a mile square that was once a dinosaur nesting site estimated from 70-90 million years old. Fossilized embryos revealed a delicate skin of reptilian scales.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A4)
1997        Mario Sandoval obtained French citizenship. The Argentine ex-police officer had moved to France after the fall of Argentina's 1976-1983 military dictatorship and was later accused by Buenos Aires of over 600 human rights violations. Argentina began seeking his extradition in 2012.
    (AP, 2/18/15)

1998        Jan 23, Pres. Carlos Menem ordered the navy to expel Alfredo Astiz, a former death squad officer. Astiz was sentenced in absentia to life in prison in France for the murder of 2 nuns and was wanted in Sweden for the murder of Dagmar Hagelin, a teenage girl. Astiz surrendered to Interpol in 2001. In 2009 Astiz went on trial for the deaths of 2 French nuns, a journalist and 3 founders of a human rights group.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A10)(SFC, 7/3/01, p.A7)(SFC, 12/11/09, p.A2)

1998        Feb, Eduardo Eurnakian (65), head of a billion dollar media empire, won a 30-year concession to run 33 of Argentina’s main airports.
    (WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A18)

1998        Mar 27, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay signed a pact to heighten security on their triple frontier.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)

1998        Mar, In Buenos Aires a law was repealed that granted police wide authority to arrest prostitutes and drunks. A new law allowed prostitutes on the streets.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T13)

1998        May 20, Alfredo Yabran, a businessman wanted in connection with a 1997 murder, committed suicide in Entre Rios province.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A14)

1998        Aug 25, In Argentina Horacio Estrada, a retired navy captain, was found shot to death. Four days earlier prosecutors had begun questioning him about the 1991-1995 weapons shipments to Ecuador and Croatia.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)(http://tinyurl.com/9r9z7)

1998        Sep 15, For Argentina a World Bank loan of some $4.5 billion was almost completed to help stabilize the economy.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A19)

1998        Oct 4, Marcelo Cattaneo, the younger brother of Pres. Menem’s former deputy chief of staff, was found hanging by the neck outside Buenos Aires. He had been named 2 months earlier as the man who tried to bribe former directors of the Banco de la Nacion. A newspaper article on the 1994-1995 IBM-Banco de la Nacion bribery scheme was stuffed in his mouth.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)

1998        Nov 10, A 160-nation conference on global warming met in Argentina.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 11, Argentina and Kazakhstan pledged to abide by the treaty to cut emissions of gases that cause global warming. This put a crack in a united front of developing nations opposed to cuts before 2012.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 14, In Argentina negotiators from 150 countries agreed to set a 2 year deadline for adopting operational rules for cutting emissions of industrial waste gases that were believed to cause global warming.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A21)

1998        Dec 28, Ruben Franco, a former Admiral, was arrested on charges of being a central organizer of the baby kidnappings during the dirty war.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D2)

1998        The anthropologist, Julie Taylor, published “Paper Tangos," a personal account of the elements of the dance and the “diffuse nature of violence."
    (SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.9)
1998        In Argentina retailer Harrods Buenos Aires closed due to debt problems.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.9)

1999        Jan 15, A Liberian tanker collided with a German vessel and leaked over 65,000 gallons of crude oil near the Rio de la Plata, 50 miles north of Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)

1999        Jan 22, A federal judge indicted 7 former military officials for the disappearances of over 200 babies during the 1976-1983 dictatorship.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)

1999        Feb 14, A blackout began in south and central Buenos Aires. At the height of the outage some 500,000 people were without power.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A9)

1999        Feb 18, Protests occurred in Buenos Aires by residents angry over 4 days of power outages.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A17)

1999        Feb 25, The power outage in Buenos Aires ended. Edesur, the Chilean electricity distributor, blamed the outage on power lines, but cable supplier, Italy's Pirelli, denied responsibility.
    (SFC, 2/26/99, p.E2)

1999        Mar 16, In northern Argentina a team of archeologists discovered 3 frozen Inca mummies on Mount Llullaillaco. The mummies were of children sacrificed about 500 years ago.
    (SFC, 4/7/99, p.A11)

1999        Mar 28, In Paraguay Pres. Raul Cubas resigned and ended a week of political turmoil. Senator Luis Gonzalez Macchi was sworn in as president. Gen'l. Lino Oviedo was granted asylum in Argentina.
    (SFC, 3/29/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)

1999        Jul 12, In Argentina stocks fell nearly 9% as investors worried over the local political and economic factors.
    (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.C16)

1999        Jul 26, Brazil said it would temporarily suspend all trade talks with Argentina after Argentina moved to curb certain Brazilian exports.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A20)

1999        Aug 2, Argentina-based MercadoLibre, a pan-Latin American e-commerce and fintech firm, was founded. Founder and CEO Marcos Galperin established the company while attending Stanford University. Projected revenues in 2020 were $3.2 billion.

1999        Aug 13, Protests and riots raged out of control in Neuquen province where unemployment was 40%. Skirmishes were also reported from Tucuman, Cordoba, Corrientes, and Tierra del Fuego.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.C1)

1999        Aug 31, In Argentina 72 people were killed, including 5 on the ground, when a Lapa Airlines Boeing 737 crashed after takeoff from Jorge Newberry airport in Buenos Aires. There were 26 survivors.
    (SFC, 9/1/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/1/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 9/3/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/31/00)

1999        Sep 17, A botched holdup in Villa Ramallo left 2 hostages dead and a 3rd wounded. A gunman was also killed and 2 arrested in the 20-hour standoff that was covered live on TV.
    (SFC, 9/18/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 24, Elections were scheduled with Buenos Aires Gov. Eduardo Duhalde as the candidate for the ruling Peronists. Fernando de la Rua (62) of the center-left Alliance led with a 48% to 38% margin.
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/25/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 2, Spanish Judge Baltasar Garzon named former Argentine Pres. Leopoldo Galtieri in an indictment along with 95 other military officers, who presided over the "Dirty War" from 1976-1983.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C3)

1999        Nov 11, Argentine journalist Jacobo Timerman died in Buenos Aires at age 76.
    (AP, 11/11/00)

1999        Nov, Peronist Eduardo Duhalde lost the presidential elections to Fernando de la Rua.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A5)

1999        Dec 10, Pres. Fernando de la Rua was inaugurated. His campaign promised to revive the economy.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A9)

1999        Dec, The offices of the National Pensioners Health Care Agency under Victor Alderete were raided and evidence was found for fraud in the hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (SFC, 3/14/00, p.A8)

1999        The Argentine comedy film "Silvio Prieto" was directed by Martin Rejtman.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, DB p.37)

1999         In Morón, Argentina, Martin Sabbatella (28) was elected mayor and began an active campaign against corruption. His predecessor was convicted in 2000 of misappropriating public funds.
    (WSJ, 7/1/03, p.A1)

2000        Jan 12, An Argentine a tour bus crashed into a 2nd local bus in Brazil and 42 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/13/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 15, In Argentina it was reported that a Pres. Fernando de la Rua had ordered a purge of the military and civilian intelligence apparatus and that over 1,500 agents had been fired or retired. Fernando de Santibanes, the new head of the Secretariat of State Intelligence (SIDE), fired a third of his 3,100 member staff a week earlier due to budget cuts.
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.A8)

2000        Mar 11, It was reported that researchers had unearthed a pack of large predatory dinosaurs in Patagonia that dated back to about 100 million years BP.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A1)

2000        May 12, At least 23 police and 22 protestors were injured in the province of Salta where thousands of jobless workers had blocked a federal highway for 10 days to protest welfare cuts.
    (SFC, 5/13/00, p.A9)

2000        May, The $5.6 billion beef industry won its 33-year battle to control hoof-and-mouth disease and was declared free of the illness by the Paris-based World Organization for Animal Health.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.A14)

2000        Jun 9, In Argentina millions of workers went on strike to protest the economic austerity policies of Pres. Fernando de la Rua and the 14% unemployment rate.
    (SFC, 6/10/00, p.A14)

2000        Jun 13, Pres. Fernando de la Rua apologized for his country’s role in providing sanctuary to Nazis after WW II.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 24, Ricardo Miguel Cavallo, a suspected torturer from the Argentine “dirty war," was arrested in Mexico after former political prisoners identified him. Cavallo was extradited to Spain in 2003 and charged with genocide and terrorism.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D4)(AP, 6/30/03)

2000        Sep 1, In Argentina a judge moved to strip immunity from 8 senators who allegedly received bribes from the administration of Pres. Fernando de la Rua for votes on labor reform. A three-judge panel later ruled that $5 million was paid to a group of senators in exchange for their votes to remove worker protections as the International Monetary Fund was making workforce flexibility a requirement for extending loans to Argentina.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.C16)(AP, 8/14/12)

2000        Sep 18, In Buenos Aires 2 men, suspected in the assassination of Paraguayan Vice Pres. Luis Maria Argana, escaped from jail.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 6, Vice President Carlos Alvarez resigned amid a fallout over a corruption scandal and a Cabinet shake-up.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 14, It was reported that unemployment stood at 15% as the country faced a 3rd year of an economic slump. Workers had begun staging road blocks in the provinces to protest their plight.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.C4)

2000        Dec 18, The government announced a $39.7 billion financial rescue package led by the IMF.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)(WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A9)

2000        Dec 28, Government officials announced plans to spend $20 billion on public works programs.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B5)

2000        Argentine composer Osvaldo Golijov composed his “La Pasión Según San Marco." It was commissioned for the 250th anniversary of Bach’s death and made its NYC premiere in 2002.
    (WSJ, 11/5/02, p.D8)

2001        Feb 14, Buenos Aires Gov. Carlos Ruckauf declared that he would be the next president.
    (WSJ, 2/16/01, p.A9)

2001        Mar 3, Pres. Fernando De la Rua asked his entire cabinet to submit their resignations a day after Economy Minister Jose Luis Machinea submitted his resignation.
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A27)

2001        Mar 6, Federal Judge Gabriel Cavallo struck down amnesty laws that protected hundreds of soldiers accused of torture, murder and kidnapping during the dictatorship of 1976-1983.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A9)

2001        Mar 16, Ricardo Lopez Murphy, the Economy Minister, proposed $4.5 billion in budget cuts over the next 2 years to revive the economy.
    (WSJ, 3/20/01, p.A19)

2001        Mar 17, Colombia suspended meat and livestock imports from Argentina for 60 days due to fears of foot-and-mouth disease. Only Israel and Russia still imported Argentine meat.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A9)

2001        Mar 19, Ricardo Lopez Murphy, the Economy Minister, resigned.
    (WSJ, 3/21/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 20, In Buenos Aires thousands demonstrated against plans to cut government spending. Domingo Cavallo was named to succeed Ricardo Lopez Murphy as economy minister.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A14)

2001        Mar 29, Domingo Cavallo won congressional approval of his emergency financial package. He was expected to soon announce tax decreases.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.D3)

2001        Apr 28, A plane crash killed 10 people near Roque Perez.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A1)

2001        May 17, In Argentina a Fokker F27 air force plane crashed on takeoff in Medoza and all 5 officers aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 5/18/01, p.D4)

2001        Jun 7, In Argentina former Pres. Carlos Menem was arrested for leading a conspiracy to sell $100 million worth of weapons to Croatia and Ecuador while in office in 1991 and 1995. He was indicted July 4.
    (SFC, 6/8/01, p.A16)(WSJ, 6/8/01, p.A13)(SFC, 7/5/01, p.A8)

2001        Jun 19, Argentina adopted a dual exchange rate.
    (WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 10, Former army commander Jorge Rafael Videla (75) was indicted again for conspiring to eliminate political opponents in the 1970s.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Jul 12, Argentine stocks plummeted with growing worries on the country’s ability to maintain debt payments.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, p.B1)

2001        Jul 17, Pres. De la Rua signed a plan to slash the deficit.
    (SFC, 7/18/01, p.C4)

2001        Jul 19, Workers staged a nationwide strike due to government spending cuts.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.A17)

2001        Jul 30, The Senate passed a tough austerity package supported by Pres. de la Rua.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A7)

2001        Aug 8, Thousands of state workers, students and jobless marched on Buenos Aires for a 2nd day to protest government plans to cut wages and pensions.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.A9)

2001        Aug 10, In Buenos Aires nearly 1 million people gathered to pray to St. Cayetano, patron of work and bread, for an easing of the economic crises that has left 1 in 3 Argentines in poverty. The government struggled to keep from defaulting on a $127 billion debt.
    (SFC, 8/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 21, It was planned to begin the use of the patacon, a negotiable bond, as legal tender in the Buenos Aires province. The IMF announced plans to add $8 billion to a $14 billion Argentine rescue package.
    (WSJ, 8/21/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A3)

2001        Oct 14, Elections for Congress were scheduled. Rev. Luis Farinello led the Social Pole Party with an anti-globalization message. The midterm elections handed a decisive defeat to Pres. Fernando de la Rua’s coalition. The Peronist Party led nationwide results.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.D4)(SFC, 10/15/01, p.E3)

2001        Oct 20, It was reported that record flooding around Buenos Aires had damaged some 8.6 million acres of prime farmland. The area was declared a national disaster and losses were estimated at $300 million.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A17)

2001        Nov 5, Domingo Cavallo, the economy minister, said Argentina planned to restructure $95 billion of debt to avoid default.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.B11)

2001        Nov 14, Provincial governors agreed to drastic spending cuts.
    (WSJ, 11/15/01, p.A22)

2001        Nov 20, The Supreme Court ruled that prosecutors failed to prove that former Pres. Carlos Menem had led a conspiracy to smuggle weapons to Croatia and Ecuador while in office.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)

2001        Nov 22, Former Pres. Carlos Menem (71) announced a bid for the presidency in 2003.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)

2001        Dec 3, The government put a 90-day partial freeze on bank accounts to help stem a run on banks. Weekly withdrawals were limited to $250.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A12)

2001        Dec 5, Domingo Cavallo changed the bank rules to allow $1,000 withdrawals once per month and for travelers to remove up to $10,000.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 9, Domingo Cavallo announced that he would annul $4 million in business tax cuts and push for the release of $1.3 billion IMF loans.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 13, Argentine workers staged a strike, the 8th one against the 2-year-old administration of Pres. de la Rua. Unemployment was reported to have risen to 18.3% in October from 16.4% in May.
    (WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A11)

2001        Dec 19, In Argentina Pres. de la Rua declared a state of siege as looters ransacked shops and markets in Buenos Aires and across the north. Domingo Cavallo, economy minister, resigned.
    (SFC, 12/20/01, p.A1,3)(WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/21/01, p.A9)

2001        Dec 20, Argentine President Fernando De la Rua resigned, hours after his economy minister, following two days of anti-government unrest that left 22 people dead and more than 200 injured. The foreign debt stood at $132 billion.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/02)

2001        Dec 21, Ramon Puerta, head of the Senate, became president following an extraordinary session of both houses.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 23, In Argentina Adolfo Rodriguez Saa, governor of San Luis province, was sworn in as the new interim president until elections on March 3. He said he would not devalue the peso. Saa said he would suspend payment on the foreign debt.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A13)(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 24, In Argentina Pres. Saa planned a new works program to create a million jobs.
    (SFC, 12/25/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 26, Argentina planned a new currency, the argentino, to circulate along with the peso and dollar.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 28, Thousands of people flooded banks in Buenos Aires as the government eased a 5-day bank holiday. Demonstrations ensued and riot police used rubber bullets and tear gas to quell violence at the Government House known as Casa Rosada.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A5)

2001        Dec 29, In Argentina at least 12 police officers were injured during protests in Buenos Aires. The entire cabinet offered to step down.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A12)

2001        Dec 30, In Argentina Pres. Saa resigned after one week in office. Senate leader Ramon Puerta resigned his post so as not to become interim president again. Eduardo Camano, Peronist lawmaker, was next in line. Saa returned to San Luis province and with his brother began producing films with financing from the San Luis Ministry of Progress.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A1)

2001        Dec 31, Guido di Tella, former foreign minister, died at age 70. The helped reconcile Argentina and Britain after the Falkland war.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A16)

2001        Dec, Argentina halted payments on its $88 billion in bonds. In 2005 Paul Blustein authored “And the Money Kept Rolling In (And Out)," an account of 2001 the debt moratorium.
    (WSJ, 1/14/04, p.A1)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.82)

2001        In Argentina Doug Tompkins, founder of Esprit Corp., purchased a 153,000-acre Patagonian sheep ranch and donated it to the government. Pres. Nestor Kirchner named it Monte Leon National Park.
    (SFCM, 9/10/06, p.12)

2001-2002    Argentina’s financial crisis during this period involved institutional breakdown, a huge monetary devaluation, destruction of the financial system and a default on the public debt.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.20)

2002        Jan 1, Eduardo Duhalde, a Peronist and former vice-president, was chosen as Argentina’s new president, the 5th in less than 2 weeks.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 2, Eduardo Duhalde was sworn in as president.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A6)

2002        Jan 3, Argentina failed to make a $28 million payment on a foreign loan. A devaluation of the peso by 30-40% was expected soon. Duhalde named Jorge Remes Lenicov, former economic chief of Buenos Aires, as his finance minister.
    (SFC, 1/4/02, p.A5)(WSJ, 1/4/02, p.A5)

2002        Jan 4, Pres. Duhalde acknowledged that the nation will devalue the peso.
    (SFC, 1/5/02, p.A6)

2002        Jan 6, Argentina devalued its currency 29% with an official exchange rate of 1.4 pesos to the dollar and promised to ease limits on cash withdrawals. This ended a decade-long policy pegging the currency one-to-one with the U.S. dollar. In the year that followed, the peso lost 70 percent of its value against the dollar.
    (SFC, 1/7/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/7/02, p.A3)(AP, 1/6/03)

2002        Jan 10, Thousands of middle-class families protested in Buenos Aires. The government had ordered checking deposits of $10k and savings over $3k switched to fixed-term deposits and out of reach for at least a year.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A17)

2002        Jan 11, The Argentina peso sank 40% on its 1st day of floating trade.
    (SFC, 1/12/02, p.A14)

2002        Jan 15, Protesters rioted in 3 provinces as the peso fell to 1.95 to the dollar from 1.7
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A8)

2002        Jan 17, Roque Maccarone, president of the Central Bank, resigned in a dispute with Economic Minister Remes Lenicov over ways to preserved the value of the peso.
    (SFC, 1/18/02, p.A6)

2002        Jan 24, Argentina approved a law allowing the Central Bank to print nearly $13  billion in new money to help pay salaries and bills as citizens protested over their frozen accounts.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)

2002        Feb 1, In Argentina the Supreme Court ruled 5-0 that the banking freeze was unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.A7)

2002        Feb 3, Argentina unveiled a plan to rescue the economy that included a partial easement of the banking freeze and a free-floating peso.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.A4)

2002        Feb 11, The Argentine peso was put to float for the 1st time in a decade and dropped about 5% to 2.1 pesos to the dollar.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A10)

2002        Feb 13, Argentina adopted a 20% tax on energy exports.
    (WSJ, 2/14/02, p.A14)

2002        Mar 22, The Argentine peso closed down 18% to 3.1 to the dollar. IMF loans appeared distant.
    (WSJ, 3/25/02, p.A12)

2002        Mar 25, The Argentine peso fell to 3.4-3.8 to the dollar. Long lines formed outside banks and exchange houses in Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 3/26/02, p.B3)(WSJ, 3/26/02, p.A14)

2002        Mar, Michael Mussa, former IMF chief economist, released a 50-page treatise called “Argentina and the Fund: From Triumph to Tragedy."
    (WSJ, 4/5/02, p.A9)

2002        Apr 2, Argentina marked the 20th anniversary of the Falklands War and Pres. Duhalde said the Falkland Islands would be regained through diplomacy.
    (SFC, 4/3/02, p.A7)

2002        Apr 3, Domingo Cavallo, former economy minister (1991-1996), was arrested for illegal arms sales to Croatia and Ecuador in the 1990s, diverting 6,500 tons of weapons worth over $100 million. He was indicted Apr 10 for “aggravated contraband."
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A7)(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A10)

2002        Apr 22, Argentina closed its banks and foreign-exchange markets indefinitely to stop the flow of money out of the country.
    (WSJ, 4/21/02, p.A1)

2002        Apr 23, Jorge Remes Lenicov, the economy minister, resigned and the senate refused to consider legislation to convert bank deposits into low-interest, longterm bonds.
    (SFC, 4/24/02, p.A7)

2002        Apr 26, Pres. Duhalde enlisted Roberto Lavagna, ambassador to the EU, as economy minister. Banks gradually re-opened after a 4-day shutdown.
    (SFC, 4/27/02, p.A10)

2002        Jun 1, Argentina announced a plan to phase out the banking freeze that included 3-10 year bonds for savings account holders.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A12)

2002        Jun 26, In Argentina police and national guardsmen fired tear gas at hundreds of jobless protesters trying to blockade highways around the capital. Two people were killed and at least 90 injured.
    (AP, 6/26/02)(SFC, 6/27/02, p.A14)

2002        Jun 27, In Argentina thousands of government opponents marched in anger after a police crackdown on jobless protesters a day earlier left two dead and 90 wounded.
    (AP, 6/27/02)

2002        Jul 9, Thousands of unemployed Argentines, university students and labor activists marched on the presidential palace to protest the government's failure to end the country's deep economic crisis.
    (AP, 7/9/02)

2002        Jul 11, Former Argentina junta leader Leopoldo Galtieri was arrested for the torture and execution of leftists during the military dictatorship (1976-1983).
    (SFC, 7/12/02, p.A10)

2002        Jul 23, Maria Adela Gard de Antokoletz (90), one of the founding members of the Argentine human rights group Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, died.
    (AP, 7/23/02)

2002        Jul 26, In Argentina a new Evita Museum opened in Buenos Aires on the 50-year anniversary of her death.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A16)

2002        Aug 7, Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill urged Argentina to adopt a sound recovery strategy. As O'Neill prepared to leave Argentina, more than 5,000 people rallied near the president's downtown offices to protest his visit.
    (AP, 8/7/02)

2002        Sep 10, In Argentina thousands of people staged a 10-minute demonstration in Buenos Aires to protest a crime wave that has engulfed this country as it falls deeper into economic crisis.
    (AP, 9/10/02)

2002        Sep 13, Argentine police arrested Luis Ramirez Pineda (77), a retired Chilean army general, at a Buenos Aires hotel on an international warrant for alleged involvement in human rights abuses stemming from the 1973 coup in Chile.
    (AP, 9/13/02)

2002        Sep 14, Lolita Torres (72), a singer and one of the top actresses of Argentina's golden era of cinema, died of complications from a lung infection.
    (AP, 9/15/02)

2002        Sep 16, In Argentina a bus filled with Catholic pilgrims fell into a deep gorge some 50 miles from Catamarca, killing 38 and injuring 27.
    (AP, 9/16/02)

2002        Nov 3, In Argentina Leonardo Bertulazzi (51) was arrested. He was believed to be head of logistics for the Red Brigades, which is blamed for the kidnapping and assassination of former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro in 1978.
    (AP, 11/4/02)

2002        Nov 14, Argentina will not fully meet an $809 million World Bank debt payment deadline, resulting in a multilateral debt default that will likely cut off one of its last avenues to aid.
    (Reuters, 11/14/02)

2002        Nov 21, The International Monetary Fund agreed to Argentina’s request to postpone for a year a $141 million loan payment due the next day.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

2002        Dec 27, Argentine lawmakers approved the 2003 budget and ratified a new central bank chief, helping President Eduardo Duhalde's efforts to secure an aid agreement with the IMF.
    (AP, 12/27/02)

2002        Argentina legalized waste-picking. The government laster created an agency with a multi-million-dollar budget dedicated to the sector.
    (Econ., 12/19/20, p.92)

2003        Jan 12, In Argentina former military dictator Leopoldo F. Galtieri (76), who in 1982 led Argentina into the Falkland Islands war against Britain, died.
    (AP, 1/12/03)

2003        Jan 16, Argentina reached a preliminary agreement with the International Monetary Fund to avoid default.
    (AP, 1/17/03)

2003        Jan 24, The IMF approved a $6.78 billion land package to Argentina.
    (SFC, 1/25/03, p.A5)

2003        Jan, In Argentina Leyla Bshier was killed during an orgiastic party in Santiago del Estero and her body was fed to animals at a private zoo belonging to Musa Azar, a former security chief. Patricia Villalba was killed after she learned of Bshier’s murder.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.39)

2003          Mar 5, In Argentina the Supreme declared unconstitutional a government decree that converted dollar bank accounts to devalued pesos.
    (AP, 3/5/03)

2003          Mar 8,  An Argentine judge asked Interpol to arrest four Iranian diplomats, accusing them of responsibility in a deadly terrorist attack that destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires in 1994.
    (AP, 3/9/03)

2003        Apr 21, Luis Moreno Ocampo of Argentina, currently a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, was elected as the chief prosecutor of the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal, headquartered in The Hague.
    (AP, 4/22/03)

2003        Apr 27, In Argentina former President Carlos Menem (72) finished first in presidential elections but failed to win an outright victory in his comeback bid, setting up a runoff vote with Nestor Kirchner, governor of Patagonia.
    (AP, 4/28/03)(SFC, 4/28/03, A3)

2003        May 1, Flooding hit northwestern Argentina and at least 13 people were killed and 50,000 driven from their homes.
    (AP, 5/2/03)

2003        May 14, In Argentina Carlos Menem withdrew from the presidential elections making Nestor Kirchner, governor of Santa Cruz province, the new president-elect.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A12)

2003        May 25, Nestor Kirchner took office as Argentina's sixth president in 18 months.
    (AP, 5/25/03)

2003        Jun 23, The head of the IMF met with Argentina's new government, opening a 2-day visit to hear how Pres. Kirchner plans to confront the country's worst economic crisis in history.
    (AP, 6/23/03)

2003        Aug 12, Legislators in Argentina's lower house voted to throw out amnesty laws that effectively ended trials over abuses during the country's military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/13/03)

2003        Aug 21, Argentina's Senate voted overwhelmingly to scrap a pair of amnesty laws dating to the 1980s that had ended trials for human rights abuses committed during the country's military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/21/03)

2003        Sep 9, Argentina missed a $2.9 billion payment to the IMF.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.32)

2003        Sep 10, Argentina refinanced $21 billion in debt including $12.3 billion with the IMF.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.32)

2003        Oct 6, In Argentina newly released archives of police intelligence, first discovered in 1998 behind a wall in a building that now houses the Commission for Memory, indicated that police infiltrated unions and dissident groups before and during the 1976-83 military dictatorship, monitoring tens of thousands of people for a quarter of a century.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2003        Oct 31, Thousands of Argentines banged pots and pans on street corners and apartment balconies across the capital to protest rising crime.
    (AP, 10/31/03)

2003        Nov 12, In Argentina thunderstorms swept across the country, causing widespread damage and at least 12 deaths from accidents, falling trees and electrocutions.
    (AP, 11/12/03)

2003        In Argentina the government of Nestor Kirchner approved a law that lifted all restrictions on immigration from South America and guaranteed access to public health and education to all migrants, including illegals.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.35)
2003        In Argentina the Justicialist Party failed to hold a primary this year leading the courts to prohibit any presidential candidate from this using this name.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.46)
2003        Argentina’s population was about 36 million. The population of Buenos Aires was some 12 million.
    (AP, 4/26/03)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.81)

2004        Jan 2, In Argentina near Buenos Aires an explosion at a supermarket that sold illegal fireworks left five people dead and injured more than a dozen others. A gas leak was blamed.
    (AP, 1/4/04)

2004        Jan 12, Juan Barrionuevo, Argentine legislator from Tierra del Fuego, was arrested and charged with committing crimes and torture during the 1976-83 military dictatorship.
    (WPR, 3/04, p.26)

2004        Jan 15, In Argentina Pres. Nestor Kirchner ordered an investigation into charges the army operated training camps on torture techniques during the mid-80s.
    (AP, 1/16/04)

2004        Jan, In Argentina the Pierre Auger observatory began operating. It covered 3,000 square km. and was named after the physicist who discovered extensive air showers induced by high energy cosmic rays.
    (Econ, 11/10/07, p.100)(www.auger.org/news/PRagn/AGN_correlation_more.html)

2004        Mar 10, Argentina and the IMF signed an accord to release a $3.1 billion loan. Meetings with creditors were scheduled to re-schedule $82 billion in loans that the government defaulted on in 2002. Bondholders were being offered 25 cents on the dollar.
    (WSJ, 3/11/04, p.A14)

2004        Mar 17, Axel Blumberg (23), the son of businessman Juan Carlos Blumberg, was seized in Buenos Aires. Kidnappers demanded a ransom of 50,000 pesos (16,000 dollars).

2004        Mar 19, An Argentine federal judge declared unconstitutional a presidential decree that pardoned several high-ranking military officers accused of human rights abuses during Argentina's Dirty War.
    (AP, 3/19/04)

2004        Mar 24, Argentine Pres. Nestor Kirchner rallied thousands of supporters on the grounds of a Dirty War torture camp, announcing it would become a memorial to victims of the past dictatorship. The "Museum of Memory" on the grounds of the Navy School of Mechanics, the most infamous detention center of the 1976-83 military dictatorship, marked a new step toward reconciling the legacy of the repression.
    (AP, 3/25/04)
2004        Mar 24, In Argentina Axel Blumberg (23), the kidnapped son of businessman Juan Carlos Blumberg, was murdered following an attempt to escape. This prompted his father to initiate a high-profile public campaign against impunity for violent crimes.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.39)(www.answers.com/topic/2004-in-argentina)

2004        Apr 20, In Argentina a federal judge issued an international arrest warrant for former President Carlos Menem who has refused to appear for questioning in a corruption probe.
    (AP, 4/21/04)

2004        Apr, Some 130,000 marched in Buenos Aires demanding criminal-justice reform.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.28)

2004        May 26, Argentina said it is imposing a 20% tax on natural gas exports. Chile, which imports 90% of Argentina’s gas, would be hard hit.
    (WSJ, 5/27/04, p.A18)

2004        Jun 25, Martin Cisneros, a “piquetero" activist from the Land and Housing Federation (FTV), was shot dead at his home in Buenos Aires.
    (WSJ, 6/29/04, p.A12)

2004        Sep 1, An Argentine Supreme Court justice resigned rather than face Senate impeachment proceedings, the 4th judge targeted in a high court purge led by Pres. Nestor Kirchner.
    (AP, 9/1/04)

2004        Sep 28, In southern Argentina a student (15) drew a handgun and opened fire in a classroom, killing 3 classmates and wounding 5 at the Islas Malvinas Middle School No. 2.
    (AP, 9/30/04)

2004        Nov 1, Roberto Lavagna unveiled a plan to restructure, at about 30% the original debt, $100 million of sovereign bonds that Argentina defaulted on 3 years earlier.
    (Econ, 11/6/04, p.40)

2004        Dec 16, An Argentine judge struck down an arrest warrant for former President Carlos Menem, who was wanted for questioning in a federal court probe of multimillion-dollar accounts in Switzerland.
    (AP, 12/16/04)

2004        Dec 22, Former Argentine president Carlos Menem returned to Argentina following months abroad to avoid arrest. Menem announced he would run again for the presidency after an Argentine judge last week dismissed a warrant against him.
    (AP, 12/22/04)

2004        Dec 30, In Argentina a flare lit during a rock concert ignited the foam ceiling of the Cromagnon Republic nightclub in Buenos Aires packed with teenagers, starting an inferno that killed 194 people. Omar Chaban, promoter and owner of the club, later faced charges of manslaughter. In 2006 the Buenos Aires city council sacked Mayor Anibal Ibarra for failing to root out a culture of bribery and bureaucratic sloth. In 2009 judges convicted the concert promoter, three city officials and a band manager in the fire. The court absolved the Callejeros band of criminal responsibility for the blaze caused by fans' fireworks.
    (AP, 12/31/04)(AP, 12/30/05)(Econ, 3/11/06, p.35)(AP, 8/20/09)

2004        The extreme poverty rate in Argentina fell to15% compared to 20.5% in 2003.
    (WSJ, 3/16/05, p.A23)

2005        Jan 1, Argentina was forecast for 4.4% annual GDP growth with a population at 39.1 million and GDP per head at $3,800.
    (Econ, 1/1/05, p.92)

2005        Jan 3, Thousands of Argentines angered over safety lapses at a nightclub where a fire killed 183 people, many of them teenagers, marched through capital streets holding pictures of the victims and demanding the resignations of key city officials.
    (AP, 1/4/05)

2005        Feb 10, In central Argentina a riot broke out at the San Martin Prison housing 2,000 prisoners, leaving at least three inmates dead and two dozen guards hostage.
    (AP, 2/11/05)

2005        Feb 25, Argentina’s debt swap offer, to cover a total debt of $102.6 billion, closed. Argentina planned to issue $35.2 billion in new bonds to those who accepted the swap. Owners of 76% of the 2001 defaulted bonds accepted the swap losing 65% of their investment. In 2008 a proposal was in the works to settle with the remaining holdouts.
    (WSJ, 3/28/05, p.A14)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.49)

2005        Mar, Pres. Nestor Kircher stripped Bishop Baseotto of the state salary he received as chaplain to the army following scathing anti-abortion remarks directed at health minister Gines Gonzalez.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.34)

2005        Apr 11, In central Argentina a riot broke out in a crowded prison after a fight between rival gangs, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 4/13/05)

2005        Apr 19, A Spanish court convicted Adolfo Scilingo (58), a former Argentine naval officer, of crimes against humanity for throwing 30 naked and drugged prisoners from planes during his country's "dirty war" more than two decades ago. It sentenced him to 640 years in prison. During the trial, Scilingo insisted he fabricated the taped testimony to trigger an investigation into Argentina's "dirty war."
    (AP, 4/19/05)

2005        May, Energy ministers from Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela agreed to develop a field in Venezuela’s heavy-oil belt in the Orinoco, a refinery in Brazil’s north-east and an oil and gas venture in Argentina under the name Petrosur.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.33)

2005        Jun 14, The Argentine Supreme Court struck down 2 amnesty laws passed in the 1980s. Hundreds of people could be charged with torture, disappearances and babynapping during Argentina's "Dirty War" against dissidents.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.39)

2005        Jul 18, Argentina issued dollar bonds for the 1st time since its massive default in 2001.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.34)

2005        Jun 21, In Argentina retired Gen. Guillermo Suarez Mason (81), a former junta commander under arrest in connection with probes of suspected illegal adoptions dating to the past dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

2005        Jul 26, In Argentina provincial Sen. Victor Hugo Luna offered a bill that would confiscate 196,000 acres from US rancher Peter McBride’s Taco Pampa property in La Paz in order to recognize land rights of local goat herders. McBride had purchased his 286,000 acres for $500,000.
    (WSJ, 8/23/05, p.A9)

2005        Aug 8, Milan Lukic, a former Bosnia Serb paramilitary leader, was captured in Argentina. He was wanted by a U.N. tribunal on charges of crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/8/05)

2005        Aug 11, Argentina and Venezuela signed an accord to set up a joint trust fund aimed at providing export financing to small businesses. Presidents Kirchner and Chavez signed a series of accords during the Chavez visit that included an expansion of Venezuelan fuel oil imports. Kirchner thanked Chavez for the purchase of $500 million of Argentine government bonds over the last few months.
    (WSJ, 8/12/05, p.A7)

2005        Aug 24, Strong thunderstorms rolled through Argentina and Uruguay, slowing air traffic, felling trees and leaving at least eight people dead.
    (AP, 8/24/05)

2005        Sep 19, Rescue teams searched for two Argentine men whose snowmobile plunged into a deep ice crevasse in Antarctica over the weekend, but hopes of pulling them out alive were fading.
    (AP, 9/19/05)

2005        Sep 28, Argentina’s Senate removed Antonio Boggiano from the Supreme Court finding him guilty of arbitrary, biased and inconsistent rulings. He was last of justices left from the 1990 Supreme Court additions made under Pres. Menem.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.46)

2005        Sep 30, South American presidents committed themselves to establishing a continental free trade zone. The South American summit was attended by the presidents of Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil and Argentina.
    (AP, 10/1/05)

2005        Oct 13, Scientists announced the discovery in Argentina of a rooster-size fossil named Buitreraptor gonzalezorum. It dates back 90 million years and closely resembles fossils from the North. It was part of the class called dromaesaurs believed to have originated 180 million years ago in Laurasia.

2005        Oct 13, Argentina and Chile suspended imports of Brazilian meat, joining 28 other countries with similar bans after an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2005        Oct 16, In Argentina a fire apparently set by rebellious inmates swept through a prison southeast of Buenos Aires, killing at least 17 inmates.
    (AP, 10/16/05)

2005        Oct 23, Argentina's ruling party dominated midterm elections seen as a test of President Nestor Kirchner's two-year-old government, with his Peronist party picking up support in Congress and his wife winning a Senate seat. Christina Fernandez de Kirchner won 46% to 20% over Hilda Gonzalez de Duhalde to represent the province of Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 10/24/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.37)

2005        Oct 28, In Argentina indigenous leaders from around the Americas met in Buenos Aires to draft a declaration of rights to present to world leaders at next week's Summit of the Americas.
    (AP, 10/28/05)

2005        Nov 2, In Argentina thousands opposed to Pres. Bush held a massive rally at a basketball arena just days before he arrives at Mar del Plata for the Summit of the Americas.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 3, Leaders from across the Americas headed to Argentina in another attempt to end Latin America's chronic poverty, with Washington promoting liberalized trade and opponents fearful that it will allow corporations to dominate the poor.
    (AP, 11/3/05)

2005        Nov 4, In Argentina crowd of 10,000 people chanting "Get out Bush!" swarmed the streets of Mar del Plata, hours before the hemisphere's leaders sat down to debate free trade, immigration and job creation at the fourth Summit of the Americas. Pres. Bush worked to smooth the United States' troubled image in Latin America, commending Argentina's efforts to improve its damaged economy. More than 1,000 masked, anti-US demonstrators clashed with police, shattered storefronts and torched businesses.
    (AP, 11/4/05)(AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Argentina Mexico’s Pres. Vicente Fox said that a majority of nations in the Western Hemisphere will consider moving forward with negotiations to create a huge new free trade zone without the participation of dissenting countries like Venezuela.
    (AP, 11/4/05)

2005        Nov 5, Leaders from across the Americas ended their tumultuous 2-day summit in Mar del Plata, Argentina, without agreeing to restart talks on a US-favored free trade zone stretching from Alaska to Chile. 5 of 34 participating countries thwarted the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). They included Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Venezuela.
    (AP, 11/6/05)(SSFC, 11/6/05, p.A15)

2005        Nov 9, Argentine prosecutors said a Hezbollah militant has been identified as the suicide bomber who flattened a Jewish community center in 1994, killing 85 people in Argentina's worst terrorist attack. Hussein Berro, a 21-year-old Lebanese citizen who "belonged to Hezbollah," was driving the van packed with explosives July 18, 1994. He was identified by friends and relatives in Detroit, Mich., from a photograph.
    (AP, 11/9/05)

2005        Nov 21, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez pledged to help build a natural gas pipeline stretching from Venezuela to Argentina during talks with Argentine leader Nestor Kirchner.
    (AP, 11/21/05)

2005        Dec 30, In Argentina Pepe Eliaschev, radio broadcaster and government critic, was informed that management had ordered his show to be dropped.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.44)

2005        In Argentina lawmakers approved a plan to extend to migrants most rights enjoyed by Argentine citizens, while reducing black market labor and registering immigrants. Implementation of the plan began in 2006.
    (SFC, 5/6/06, p.A6)

2006        Jan 3, Argentina repaid $9.57 billion in debt to the International Monetary Fund, a measure officials depicted as a means to help reclaim Argentina's economic independence.
    (AP, 1/3/06)

2006        Jan, The presidents of Venezuela, Argentina and Brazil met in Brazil and promised to come up with the first set of preliminary studies in March for a $20 billion, 5,000-mile gas pipeline, stretching from Venezuela to Argentina.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Feb 9, Spanish police in Madrid arrested Ricardo Taddei (63), a former Argentine police officer, wanted in connection with kidnappings and torture during his country's "dirty war" against leftist dissidents.
    (AP, 2/9/06)

2006        Feb 20, Milan Lukic, a Bosnian Serb war crimes suspect who had been indicted by a UN tribunal in connection with atrocities during the former war in Bosnia, was extradited from Argentina to The Hague.
    (AP, 2/20/06)

2006        Feb 24, It was reported that Uruguay’s Pres. Tabare Vazquez backed two enormous plants that would produce the raw material for paper on Uruguay's border with Argentina while protesters, worried about the plants' impact on Argentina's environment, have repeatedly blockaded border bridges, stalling crucial truck and tourist traffic.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2006        Mar 7, In Buenos Aires, Argentina, Mayor Anibal Ibarra was removed from office over allegations that poor government safety regulation contributed to the death of 194 people in a December 2004 nightclub fire.
    (AP, 3/8/06)

2006        Mar 8, Argentina suspended most beef exports for at least 180 days to prevent surging int’l. beef prices from pushing local prices beyond the power of Argentine families. Exceptions included the EU due to a quota program and countries with bilateral beef-import accords.
    (WSJ, 3/10/06, p.A15)

2006        Mar 9, In Argentina Raul Castells opened a soup kitchen in the posh Puerto Madero section of Buenos Aires near an outlet to the River Plate, with volunteers serving fried bread cakes and hot herbal tea to about 600 people.
    (AP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 9, An Argentine air force plane providing aid for Bolivian flood victims crashed outside of La Paz, killing all six people on board.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2006        Mar 21, Argentina's naval chief said he has ordered all in-country intelligence operations by the navy to be temporarily suspended while officials probe reports of spying at the southern Admiral Zar naval air base.
    (AP, 3/21/06)

2006        Mar 22, In Brazil the US Embassy said agents from the US Department of Homeland Security will soon be helping Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay combat money laundering and terrorism financing.
    (AP, 3/23/06)

2006        Mar 28, Spain’s ENCE said it will suspend construction of a controversial pulp mill in Uruguay to allow Argentina and Uruguay to resolved their differences over the environmental impact of the project. In October ENCE announced that it was abondoning the project.
    (FT, 3/29/06, p.8)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.46)

2006        Apr 5, Britain reiterated its sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and rejected Argentina's claims in a letter to Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
    (AP, 4/5/06)

2006        Apr 26, Argentina’s President Nestor Kirchner announced plans for a high-speed train from Buenos Aires to Cordoba. A contract for construction was signed in 2008.

2006        May 4, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva met with Argentina’s Pres. Nestor Kirchner, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez and Bolivia’s Pres. Morales in response to Bolivia’s decision to nationalize its oil and gas industry. Morales offered to refrain from cutting off supplies and to negotiate prices.
    (Econ, 5/13/06, p.43)

2006        May 8, Argentina requested the extradition of five former Uruguayan military officers and a former police officer wanted in the 1976 disappearance of Maria Claudia Garcia, the missing daughter-in-law of poet Juan Gelman.
    (AP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 11, Environmentalists and authorities said about 100 oil-coated penguins have turned up dead in recent weeks off the coast of Argentina, most in a nature reserve near the frigid southernmost tip of Patagonia. The source of the oil was not known.
    (AP, 5/11/06)

2006        Jun 10, Argentina reaffirmed its claim of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, known here as the Malvinas, and said it was ready for talks with Britain over the issue. Argentina and Britain have disputed the sovereignty of the remote south Atlantic islands since 1833.
    (AFP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 29, Argentina’s President Nestor Kirchner met Bolivian counterpart Evo Morales and agreed to a 47% price hike for the Bolivian natural gas Argentina needs to fuel South America's second-largest economy.
    (AP, 6/29/06)

2006        Jul 21, Venezuela formally entered Mercosur, increasing the South American trade bloc's economic might and vowing to transform the policy organization into a force for profound social change. Cuba’s Fidel Castro signed a modest trade at the 2-day Mercosur meeting in Cordoba, Argentina.
    (AP, 7/21/06)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.36)

2006        Aug 4, In Argentina Julio Simon, a former police officer, was sentenced to 25 years in prison for human rights abuses in connection with the 1978 disappearance of Chilean Jose Poblete and his Argentine wife, Gertrudis Hlaczik, during the military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/5/06)

2006        Aug 9, In Buenos Aires Raul Antonio Guglielminetti, a former intelligence agent and two retired military officers, were arrested in connection with human rights abuses dating to Argentina's "Dirty War" against political dissent.
    (AP, 8/11/06)

2006        Aug 23, Argentina announced an ambitious plan to expand its nuclear program to meet rising energy demands, including extending the life of existing plants and possibly resuming uranium mining.
    (AP, 8/23/06)

2006        Aug 31, In Argentina tens of thousands gathered in the central square of Buenos Aires for one of the biggest anti-crime rallies ever seen there. It was organized by Juan Carlos Blumberg, a businessman and leader of the law-and-order movement.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.39)

2006        Sep 5, A federal judge in Argentina ruled unconstitutional a 1990 presidential pardon extended to Jorge Rafael Videla, who led Argentina's military junta during the worst periods of the so-called "Dirty War" crackdown on dissidents between 1976 and 1983. A day earlier the same judge ruled that pardons for Albano Harguinday, the interior minister under Videla, and Jose Martinez de Hoz, the economy minister under Videla, were also unconstitutional.
    (http://tinyurl.com/0)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.47)

2006        Sep 19, In Argentina Miguel Osvaldo Etchecolatz (77) a former police investigator, was sentenced to life in prison in connection with the disappearance of six people during the so-called "Dirty War" against political dissent.
    (AP, 9/19/06)

2006        Sep 22, Enrique Gorriaran Merlo (65), a former Argentine rebel, died. He claimed that he led the squad that killed exiled Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1980.
    (AP, 9/22/06)

2006        Oct 8, In northern Argentina a bus carrying high school students home from a charity event in an impoverished community collided head-on with a truck, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 10/9/06)

2006        Oct 25, Argentine prosecutors asked a federal judge to order the arrest of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani and seven others for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center that killed scores of people.
    (AP, 10/25/06)

2006        Nov 10, Iran's state media paid scant attention to an Argentine's judge request for the arrest of former President Hashemi Rafsanjani and other officials for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 25, In Argentina Nora Dalmasso (51) was strangled in her Buenos Aires suburban home. In 2007 her son, Facundo Macarron (20), was charged with her murder and aggravated sexual abuse.
    (SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A16)

2006        Nov 17, In southern Argentina President Nestor Kirchner inaugurated Puerto Belgrano naval base, a new military academy. The old Navy Mechanics' School in Buenos Aires, a prestigious school founded in the late 19th century and chief torture compound during Argentina's Dirty War, is now is being converted into a museum honoring Dirty War victims.
    (AP, 11/17/06)

2006        Nov 28, A protest against Argentina's former military dictatorship turned into a clash in Buenos Aires between police with tear gas and rubber bullets and demonstrators with Molotov cocktails.
    (AP, 11/29/06)

2006        Dec 1, In Argentina a court declared former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani and eight others fugitives from justice in Argentina, where they are wanted in connection with the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 29, A key witness in a human rights trial stemming from Argentina's military dictatorship was found beaten, two days after he went missing. Luis Gerez (51), who has accused a former police chief of torturing him during the 1966-73 dictatorship, was found by a police patrol in a street of Garin, north of Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 12/29/06)

2006        Gas reserves in Argentina fell to fewer than 10 years’ worth of production.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.52)

2007        Jan 11, An Argentine judge ordered the arrest of the third wife of former political strongman Juan Domingo Peron, saying he has questions about her chaotic 20-month rule, a time when shadowy right-wing violence destabilized Argentina ahead of her political downfall. Isabel Peron has lived in exile in Spain since 1981.
    (AP, 1/12/07)

2007        Jan 26, Argentina authorized officials to reveal state secrets if called to testify in human rights trials, a move intended to speed up prosecution of atrocities committed during the country's 1976-1983 military dictatorship.
    (AP, 1/27/07)

2007        Mar 1, Argentine President Nestor Kirchner trumpeted his government's performance on the economy and human rights during his state-of-the-nation address, and also defended his ties to Venezuelan leftist Hugo Chavez. Argentina under Kirchner had begun doctoring inflation statistics to keep them in single digits while the true rate this year rose to around 25%. The government was able to save some $500 million in payments on bonds linked to the consumer price index, but destroyed its credibility.
    (AP, 3/1/07)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.49)

2007        Mar 8, In Argentina a federal judge ordered former de facto president Reynaldo Bignone arrested in connection with human rights abuses stemming from the 1976-83 dictatorship.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

2007        Mar 9, Nearly 20,000 fans gathered at a stadium in Buenos Aires, not to watch soccer but to hear Hugo Chavez bash George W. Bush.
    (AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 14, In Argentina police clashed with protesters and ousted Gov. Angel Maza from his offices, after he refused to leave despite his suspension over corruption allegations. The La Rioja provincial legislature had voted the night before to suspend him and start impeachment proceedings over allegations that he manipulated bids for mining concessions.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, In Italy 5 former members of Argentina's military were convicted in absentia of murdering three Italians during the Argentina’s "dirty war" (1976-83).
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Mar 15, Interpol said it plans to issue international requests for the arrest of five prominent Iranians and a Lebanese militant in connection with the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center in Argentina.
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Mar 31, In Argentina authorities said rising rivers due to 5 days of rain in three provinces have forced some 38,000 people to flee their homes. The floodwaters have claimed 7 lives.
    (AP, 4/1/07)

2007        Mar, Some 70,000 visitors descended on Mendoza, the wine capital of Argentina, for the start of its annual grape harvest. Argentina ranked as the world’s 5th largest wine producer. Local grapes included Malbec (red) and Torrontes (white).
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.44)

2007        Apr 4, Argentina's main teachers' union called for a one-day national strike next week after protesting colleagues seeking higher pay clashed with riot police in two provinces.
    (AP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 9, Thousands of teachers walked out of public schools across Argentina in a daylong strike to demand higher pay and justice for a slain colleague.
    (AP, 4/9/07)

2007        Apr 17, Argentina said will not send former junta leader Jorge Videla to Germany to face charges in the March, 1977, abduction and murder of activist Elisabeth Kaesemann, a German woman, during the Dirty War. Her bullet-riddled body was later found dumped on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 4/18/07)

2007        Apr 25, In Argentina a federal court threw out amnesties for former military President Jorge Videla (81) and Navy chief Eduardo Massera, two leaders of the former military dictatorship, saying they must serve their life terms in prison for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 4/25/07)

2007        May 8, In Argentina 7 managers of Skanska, a Swedish construction firm, were arrested for tax evasion. Skanska sacked the managers and paid the tax authority almost $5 million.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.42)

2007        May 15, Argentine commuters in Buenos Aires enraged by delays in evening train service set fire to parts of a railroad station, looted nearby shops and clashed with riot police.
    (AP, 5/15/07)

2007        May 17, In Argentina leftist union members shut down the Buenos Aires subway system with a one-day strike, causing huge traffic jams as commuters drove, packed buses or struggled to hail taxis.
    (AP, 5/17/07)

2007        May, In Argentina a cold snap late this month and the failure of a power plant caused the collapse of the power grid and fuel supply system. Service stations ran out of compressed natural gas, which powers many Argentine cars, including 90% of the taxis in Buenos Aires.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.47)

2007        Jun 13, Heavy snows hit the Andean border region of Argentina and Chile, forcing the closure of a key mountain highway connecting the two countries and idling thousands of trucks.
    (AP, 6/13/07)

2007        Jun 24, Argentines in Buenos Aires voted for a new mayor. Pre-election polls suggested most would swing right and elect Mauricio Macri (48), the president of Argentina's most popular soccer team.
    (AP, 6/24/07)

2007        Jun 29, Mercosur, South America’s biggest trade block (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay), held a presidential summit in Asuncion, Paraguay.
    (Econ, 7/7/07, p.40)

2007        Jul 1, Argentina’s official government news agency said President Nestor Kirchner has tapped his wife to take his place as the ruling coalition candidate in October presidential elections.
    (AP, 7/1/07)

2007        Jul 9, Buenos Aires experienced its first major snowfall since June, 1918.
    (WSJ, 1/10/07, p.A1)

2007        Jul 16, Argentina’s President Nestor Kirchner's economy minister resigned after a prosecutor ordered her to testify about $64,000 in cash that was found in a bag in her office bathroom. Kirchner accepted Felisa Miceli's resignation and appointed economist and Industry Secretary Gustavo Peirano as her replacement.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

2007        Aug 7, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said Venezuela would invest in a regasification plant for liquid natural gas for Argentina, which is weathering an energy crisis. Chavez was in Argentina as part of a regional tour.
    (AP, 8/8/07)

2007        Aug 8, Argentine authorities said they were investigating why Venezuelan businessman Antonini Wilson was carrying $800,000 in undeclared cash aboard an executive jet charted by Argentina's state energy company. In December US prosecutors said that the suitcase full of Venezuelan cash was intended to finance the presidential campaign of Cristina Kirchner.
    (AP, 8/8/07)(AP, 12/13/07)

2007        Aug 25, In Buenos Aires an Argentine couple captured the stage category at the World Tango Championships, followed by Chilean and Japanese pairs.
    (AP, 8/26/07)

2007        Oct 9, In Argentina former police chaplain Christian von Wernich was found guilty of being a "co-participant" with police in seven homicides, 31 torture cases and 42 kidnappings, ending a trial that has focused attention on the church during the 1976-83 military rule.
    (AP, 10/10/07)

2007        Oct 23,    Fernando de la Rua, Argentina’s former president (1999-2001), was charged with manslaughter in connection with bloody street riots in 2001.
    (WSJ, 10/24/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 28, In Argentina Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, the other half of the power couple credited with the country’s rebound from an economic collapse, overshadowed 13 rivals as voting opened in Argentina's presidential elections. Cristina Fernandez, claimed victory in the country's presidential election; she became the first woman elected to the post.
    (AP, 10/28/07)(AP, 10/28/08)

2007        Oct 29, In Argentina partial results indicated voters had elected a female president for the first time and launched their country's most powerful political dynasty since Juan and Evita Peron. President Kirchner and first lady Cristina Fernandez were poised to switch jobs in December.
    (AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Nov 4, In Argentina a fire apparently set as part of an escape attempt swept through a prison cellblock and killed at least 30 inmates in the central province of Santiago del Estero.
    (AP, 11/5/07)

2007        Nov 7, Argentina's Pres. Nestor Kirchner unveiled a memorial in Buenos Aires to victims of the so-called Dirty War that claimed some 13,000 lives during the country's military dictatorship, using the occasion to urge judges to speed human rights trials.
    (AP, 11/8/07)
2007        Nov 7, Interpol put Ali Fallahian, Iran’s former intelligence chief, Mohsen Rezai, a former leader of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, Ahmad Vahidi, a Revolutionary Guards general, and 2 other Iranians and Imad Mugniyah, a Lebanese militant on its most-wanted list for a 1994 bombing that killed 85 people at a Jewish center in Argentina.
    (AP, 11/8/07)(WSJ, 1/15/08, p.A6)

2007        Nov 10, Some 20,000 demonstrators marched to Argentina's river border with Uruguay to protest the impending startup of a paper pulp plant they fear will pollute the environment. The cellulose mill in Fray Bentos was built by Metsa-Botnia, a Finnish company, at a cost of $1.2 billion. Construction was completed in October and Uruguay’s Pres. Vazquez ordered it opened in November despite protests from Argentina.
    (AP, 11/10/07)(Econ, 12/8/07, p.44)
2007        Dec 10, Cristina Kirchner was sworn in as president of Argentina. Hector Febres (66), accused of kidnapping and torturing dissidents during Argentina's past military dictatorship, was found dead in his cell at a navy brig four days before an expected verdict in his high-profile case. On Dec 14 police detained the wife and two grown children of the former coast guard officer hours after an autopsy found cyanide in his blood.
    (WSJ, 12/8/07, p.A1)(AP, 12/14/07)

2007        Dec 11, US officials in Florida arrested 4 people, 3 from Venezuelan and one from Uruguay, and accused them of being agents of the Venezuelan government. Prosecutors later said the 4 were seeking to silence Guido Alehandro Antonini Wilson, a citizen of both the USA and Venezuela. In August Wilson was detained in Argentina for carrying $800,000 in a suitcase, which prosecutors said was intended to aid the campaign of Cristina Kirchner. Franklin Duran, multimillionaire owner of Industrias Venoco CA, was one of the arrested Venezuelans. In 2008 a federal jury convicted Duran on charges that he was a foreign agent involved in a conspiracy.
    (WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/10/08, p.A5)(SFC, 11/4/08, p.A4)

2007        Dec 13, Argentina's new president reacted furiously to accusations by US prosecutors that an intercepted suitcase full of cash from Venezuela was meant to finance her election campaign, calling the charge "garbage in international politics."
    (AP, 12/14/07)

2007        Dec 16, Argentina and Brazil successfully launched a rocket into space in the first joint space mission by the two South American nations. The VS30 rocket, which carried experiments from both countries, blasted off from Brazil's Barreira do Inferno launch center in northern Rio Grande do Norte state.
    (AP, 12/17/07)

2007        Dec 18, In Argentina 7 former army officers and an ex-police official were convicted and sentenced to at least 20 years in prison for human rights abuses during Argentina's bloody dictatorship.
    (AP, 12/18/07)
2007        Dec 18, The leaders of Argentina and Venezuela closed ranks against the United States, rejecting US court charges in a campaign cash scandal as one more example of Americans treating their nations like subservient colonies.
    (AP, 12/19/07)

2007        Juan Gelman (b.1930), Argentine poet, won the Cervantes Prize, the most prestigious award for Spanish-language literature.
    (AP, 8/28/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Gelman)

2008        Jan 12, At Argentina's main airport frustrated passengers smashed ticket counters and threw objects at airline staff after the country's flagship airline canceled international flights for a 2nd day due to delays caused by a baggage handlers strike and a walkout by ticket counter workers.
    (Reuters, 1/12/08)

2008        Jan 25, In Miami Moises Maionica (36) of Venezuelan pleaded guilty in a scheme to cover up the source of $800,000 seized in a suitcase in Argentina that was allegedly sent by Venezuelans as a donation to Cristina Fernandez's presidential campaign.
    (AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Feb 23, The presidents of Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia gathered in Buenos Aires to try to agree on how to divide scarce supplies of Bolivian natural gas.
    (WSJ, 2/23/08, p.A6)

2008        Feb 25, In Argentina the body of Paul Alberto Navone, a retired army officer, was found dead of a gunshot in an apparent suicide. He had been called to testify about the fate of twins born to a political prisoner in 1978.
    (AP, 2/27/08)

2008        Mar 9, In Argentina a passenger train slammed into a bus at a rural rail crossing before dawn, killing 18 people and leaving at least 47 others injured.
    (AP, 3/9/08)

2008        Mar 25, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez refused to ease tax hikes on agricultural exports, facing down angry farmers embroiled in a nationwide strike that has all but halted production in one of the world's biggest beef-exporting nations. The tax on soybeans had been raised to 40%, up from 27% in 2007.
    (AP, 3/26/08)(Econ, 3/29/08, p.49)

2008        Apr 1, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez blasted striking farmers at a rally of 20,000 supporters, comparing their nearly three-week-old protest to a 1976 strike that sowed chaos one month before a military coup.
    (AP, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 2, Argentine farmers, rebelling over soaring export taxes on their crops, declared a 30-day truce suspending a three-week-long strike that has stripped grocery shelves of beef and produce, granting Cristina Fernandez a reprieve in the first major crisis of her presidency.
    (AP, 4/3/08)(WSJ, 4/3/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 4, In Argentina a court sentenced the adoptive parents of a baby born to a missing political prisoner to up to eight years in prison for concealing the child's identity, in a landmark case with roots in Argentina's dictatorship.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 11, Runners surrounded by rows of security carried the Olympic flame past thousands of jubilant Argentines in the most trouble-free torch relay in nearly a week.
    (AP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 19, In Argentina President Cristina Fernandez surveyed more than 200 raging brush fires by air as a thick cloud of smoke covered Buenos Aires for a fifth day. She vowed to prosecute anyone who lit the blazes that have sent smoke clouding highways and grounding jetliners.
    (AP, 4/19/08)

2008        Apr 24, In Argentina authorities detained Luis Abelardo Patti, a politician and former police officer targeted in a Dirty War-era human rights probe in Argentina, just hours after Congress barred him from taking up a seat that would have afforded him immunity.
    (AP, 4/25/08)

2008        Apr 29, Argentina’s government signed a $3.7 billion contract for a high-speed train from Buenos Aires to Cordoba.

2008        May 19, Argentine farmers announced plans to suspend a 13-day strike and resume grain sales, paving the way for talks with the government to end contentious export restrictions.
    (AP, 5/20/08)

2008        May 23, In Brazil 12 South American leaders gathered in Brasilia to set up the Union of South American Nations. UNASUR was expected to replace the South American Community, declared in 2004, and unite the Mercosur and Andean Community free trade areas. Members included Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNASUR_Constitutive_Treaty)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.41)

2008        May 27, Argentine farm groups vowed to suspend grain exports and meat sales, resuming protests against controversial export taxes a day after talks with the government stalled. DNA tests established the identity of an Argentine woman taken from her parents during the country's military dictatorship, the 90th such child identified by a group of grandmothers searching for their missing relatives.
    (AP, 5/27/08)(AP, 5/28/08)

2008        May 29, Argentina's government set a ceiling on variable grain export taxes, but farmers said the change wasn't enough to make them lift a weeklong suspension of beef and grain exports.
    (AP, 5/30/08)

2008        Jun 10, In Argentina a new consumer price index came into effect. Under the new methodology every time a product’s price rises too sharply, it will be removed on the ground that consumers will switch to other goods. The official current inflation was in single digits, as the true figure soared above 20%.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.48)

2008        Jun 14, Argentine police in riot gear broke up a farmers' highway blockade, briefly arresting 19 demonstrators including a prominent leader of a three-month protest against an increase in grain export taxes.
    (AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jul 5, Argentina's lower house of Congress approved a package of grain-export taxes that have sparked nationwide farm protests and food shortages.
    (AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 15, Tens of thousands of Argentine farmers and government supporters staged dueling protests ahead of a Senate vote on a package of grain-export taxes that generated months of bitter farm strikes.
    (AP, 7/15/08)

2008        Jul 17, Argentina's Senate narrowly rejected a grain-export tax package, a government-backed proposal that has led to nationwide farm strikes and regional food shortages.
    (AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 18, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez canceled a widely protested farm export tax hike following months of protest and a stunning rejection by the Senate. She issued a resolution reducing the export taxes to their previous level.
    (AP, 7/18/08)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.43)

2008        Jul 28, Hernan Arbizu, former JPMorgan Chase & Co private banking executive, was arrested in Argentina following an indictment on charges of embezzling about $5.4 million. He fled to Argentina before being fired in June.
    (Reuters, 7/29/08)

2008        Aug 2, Perez Celis (b.1939), a prestigious Argentine muralist, painter and sculptor, died in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 13, Argentine senators approved a bill declaring obesity and other eating disorders diseases covered by the nation's public and private health care programs.
    (AP, 8/13/08)

2008        Aug 18, Argentina announced its first nationwide gay-rights measure: granting same-sex couples the right to claim their deceased partners' pensions.
    (AP, 8/19/08)

2008        Aug 28, An Argentine court convicted two former generals for the murder of a senator during the country's seven-year military dictatorship and sentenced them to life in prison. Retired Gens. Antonio Bussi and Luciano Menendez were found guilty of kidnapping, torturing and murdering Sen. Guillermo Vargas Aignasse, who disappeared March 24, 1976, the day of a military coup.
    (AP, 8/29/08)

2008        Sep 2, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner promised to repay $6.7 billion that Argentina owed to the Paris Club of 19 foreign governments following its 2001 default, It will use part of its $47 billion in foreign currency reserves to pay the debts. The government still refused to negotiate with private holders of $20 billion of its bonds, who held out against the 2005 debt restructuring.
    (WSJ, 9/3/08, p.A12)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.45)

2008        Oct 11, It was reported that the population of adult hake fish off Argentina’s coast has declined by 70% in the past 20 years. Skippers reportedly paid some $2-3 million in bribes to inspectors and routinely underreported their catches.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, p.53)

2008        Oct 21, Argentina proposed to nationalize the private pensions in order to meet debt payments. The nationalization of the private pension funds took place in December.
    (WSJ, 10/22/08, p.A1)(Econ, 2/27/10, p.28)

2008        Oct 22, The DJIA tumbled 514.45 to close at 8519.21, its 7th biggest point drop in history, as investors believed that the global economy is heading into a deep recession. Hungary’s central bank raised interest rates by 3 points, from 8.5% to 11.5%, to prevent a run on its currency. Argentine and Brazilian stock markets each fell about 10%. Former Fed Chief Alan Greenspan said he was wrong to think that financial markets could police themselves.
    (WSJ, 10/22/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/08, p.C1)(Econ, 10/25/08, p.33)

2008        Nov 17, Algeria and Argentina signed an agreement to boost cooperation over civil nuclear energy as part of Argentine President Cristina Kirchner's tour of northern Africa.
    (AFP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 21, Mario Ferreyra (63), an ex-Argentine police commander, committed suicide in front of rolling television cameras as he was about to be arrested for alleged human rights violations during the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/22/08)

2008        Nov 28, In Argentina a three-judge panel formally charged former President Carlos Menem with arms trafficking as he watched on live video from hundreds of miles away because doctors say he is too ill to travel.
    (AP, 11/29/08)

2008        Dec 9, In Argentina officials announced that 10,000 bone fragments had been unearthed between February and September, inside the once-secret Arana detention center in La Plata. Political dissidents were tortured and killed there during the 1976-1983 “Dirty War."
    (AP, 12/10/08)

2009        Jan 7, In Argentina an Italian climber and an Argentine guide both died when a storm trapped five mountaineers just below the summit of the Aconcagua peak, the highest mountain in the Americas. The three others survived.
    (AP, 1/8/09)

2009        Jan 10, In Argentina 6 children died in Buenos Aires after a fire ripped through a former bank being used as a home by poor families.
    (AP, 1/10/09)

2009        Jan 18, The Polar Mist unexpectedly sank 25 miles (40 kilometers) off the Argentine coast, near the mouth of the Straits of Magellan, as it was being tugged to dry land. 8 crew members had been rescued 2 days earlier. The owners of its cargo said nearly $22 million in unrefined gold and silver went down with it, and they asked insurer Lloyd's of London to foot the bill for the costly recovery operation. Argentine news media and maritime experts asked whether the precious metals were aboard at all. On July 14 divers recovered nearly a ton of unrefined silver from the ship easing suspicions about insurance claims on the vessel. Divers concluded their mission on August 2 to retrieve 9.5 tons of unrefined gold and silver.
    (AP, 4/8/09)(AP, 7/16/09)(AP, 8/3/09)

2009        Jan 26, Argentina's Pres. Cristina Fernandez declared an agricultural emergency in the nation's breadbasket provinces, responding to a key demand by powerful farm organizations amid the worst drought in decades.
    (AP, 1/27/09)

2009        Feb 9, In Argentina the ultraconservative Society of St. Pius X said British Bishop Richard Williamson, whose denials of the Holocaust led to Vatican demands he recant, has been removed as the head of an Argentine seminary. On Feb 19 the bishop was ordered to leave Argentina within 10 days.
    (AP, 2/9/09)(AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 9, In Argentina at least 12 people were missing and over 1000 evacuated after a mudslide swept away a railroad bridge and homes in the northern border town of Tartagal.
    (SFC, 2/10/09, p.A2)

2009        Feb 27, In Argentina a new rule took effect in which members of the armed forces, related to crimes under the 1976-1983 military dictatorship, will be tried by civil courts rather than military tribunals.
    (SFC, 2/28/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 6, In Argentina Claudio Lifschitz, a criminal attorney who accused former President Carlos Menem of covering up the nation's worst terrorist attack, was kidnapped and tortured by masked gunmen seeking information about the case.
    (AP, 3/12/09)

2009        Mar 8, In Argentina Matthew Lizotte (25) of Aspen, Colorado, died while scaling the 11,411-foot (3,480-meter) Mount Tronador in Nahuel Huapi National Park. Two unidentified students were injured when the ice bridge they were crossing broke.
    (AP, 3/9/09)

2009        Mar 30, Banking officials meeting in Colombia said Argentina and China have tentatively agreed to swap $10 billion worth of their currencies to enable South America's second-largest economy to avoid using dollars in trade between the nations.
    (AP, 3/30/09)
2009        Mar 30, Argentina’s health minister acknowledged that the country was in the middle of a dengue fever epidemic with nearly 8,000 people infected. Neighboring Bolivia had about 51,000 cases reported, while Brazil counted some 40,000 cases.
    (http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=46371)(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.G3)

2009        Mar 31, Raul Alfonsin (b.1927), former Argentine president (1983-1989), died. He guided his country's return to democracy following a military dictatorship that left thousands missing.
    (AP, 4/1/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raul_Alfons%C3%ADn)

2009        May 7, Argentina and Brazil confirmed five swine flu cases within their borders as the virus affects more nations in South America.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 29, In Argentina Swiss architect Peter Zumthor (66) received the 2009 Pritzker Architecture Prize. He compared his creative process to the arc of a love affair.
    (AP, 5/30/09)

2009        Jun 9, In Argentina judge Rodolfo Canicoba Corral asked Interpol to detain Samuel Salman (43), who is believed to be living in Lebanon, for involvement in the July 18, 1994, bombing of a Jewish cultural center in Buenos Aires that killed 85 people.
    (AP, 6/9/09)

2009        Jun 10, In Argentina Father Julio Grassi (52), a Roman Catholic priest who won fame running an Argentine foundation for poor youths (1993), was convicted of sexually molesting a boy who participated in the program. He was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Grassi continued to proclaim his innocence, saying he was "the victim of an injustice."
    (AP, 6/10/09)

2009        Jun 28, Argentina's first couple suffered a stunning setback in an election seen as a referendum on their political dynasty, losing control of both houses of Congress. The loss weakened President Cristina Fernandez's government two years before she leaves office by diminishing her ability to push legislation through Congress. Former President Nestor Kirchner, lost a bid for a seat from Buenos Aires province. Allies of the first couple also lost key races in the election in the city of Buenos Aires and Cordoba and Santa Fe provinces.
    (AP, 6/29/09)

2009        Jun 30, Authorities in Argentina's capital and Buenos Aires province declared health emergencies and extended school vacations as the nation's swine flu death toll surged to 35.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jul 1, In Argentina Juan Luis Manzur, a doctor and vice governor in Tucuman province, replaced Health Minister Graciela Ocana, who resigned on June 29 as concerns over the virus rose. He announced plans to boost public health spending by $263 million this year and said pregnant women could miss work for 15 days to avoid contracting swine flu.
    (AP, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 7, Spanish police arrested Jorge Alberto Soza (72), an ex-Argentine police official suspected of human rights abuses committed during the South American country's dirty war. Soza was wanted in Argentina in connection with 18 cases of kidnapping and torture between 1975 and 1977 when he was an assistant Federal Police commissioner and chief delegate in the southern Argentine city of Neuquen.
    (AP, 7/24/09)

2009        Jul 10, Millions of Argentines stayed home from work, churches in Bolivia canceled Mass and Ecuador announced its first fatalities from swine flu, as the virus continued its spread during the South American winter season.
    (AP, 7/11/09)

2009        Aug 12, In Argentina Retired Gen. Santiago Riveros and four other members of the military were convicted and sentenced to long prison terms in the 1976 killing of Floreal Avellaneda (14), the son of a communist activist.
    (www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/87.88eng/chap5.htm)(AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, Argentina’s customs service confiscated a total of 4.2 metric tons (4.6 tons) of pseudoephedrine, chemical that can be used to make methamphetamine, at several government warehouses at the port in Buenos Aires during an investigation into drug traffickers with ties to Mexico.
    (AP, 8/13/09)

2009        Aug 24, Argentine federal police uncovered four tons (4,200 kilograms) of ephedrine worth millions in oil drums and boxes to be sent to Mexico and the US. The lead investigator called it the largest illegal shipment of the methamphetamine precursor ever seized there.
    (AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Aug 25, Argentina's Supreme Court ruled out prison for pot possession, saying the government should go after major traffickers and provide treatment instead of jail for consumers of marijuana.
    (AP, 8/25/09)

2009        Sep 8, Across northern Argentina and southern Brazil a violent storm that spawned a tornado and mudslides killed at least 15 people. Dozens were injured in the winds and hail as their homes were destroyed.
    (AP, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 22, In Spain Julio Alberto Poch, an Argentine-born pilot for a low-cost airline, was arrested during a stopover in a Spanish airport on suspicion of piloting planes that carried hundreds of dissidents to their deaths during his country's 1976-1983 "dirty war." He was wanted for questioning in four probes of more than 1,000 deaths during his time as a pilot at the Navy Mechanics School.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

2009        Sep 30, The 24 members of UNESCO's Intergovernmental Committee of Intangible Heritage granted the tango dance and its music protected cultural status at its meeting in Abu Dhabi. The designation may make Argentina and Uruguay, which both claim to be tango's birthplace, eligible to receive financial assistance from a specialized fund for safeguarding cultural traditions.
    (AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Oct 4, Mercedes Sosa (74), Argentine singer, died. Her music was banned after the generals seized power in 1976. She had released over 70 albums and turned the songs of others into great anthems of the left.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.42)

2009        Oct 7, Pedro Elias Zadunaisky (b.1917), Argentine astronomer and mathematician, died. His calculations helped determine the orbit of Saturn's outermost moon, Phoebe, as well as Halley's Comet.
    (AP, 10/7/09)

2009        Oct 10, Argentina's Senate overwhelmingly approved a law that transformed the nation's media landscape. President Cristina Kirchner said she would sign it immediately. The new law preserved two-thirds of the radio and TV spectrum for noncommercial stations, and required channels to use more Argentine content. It also forced Grupo Clarin, the country's leading media company, to sell off many of its properties.
    (AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 20, Representatives of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay announced a joint plan in Buenos Aires to establish protected zones to halt deforestation in their countries by 2020.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 2, The Swiss government said it has handed banking documents over to Argentina in a $25 million dollar corruption probe linked to former President Carlos Menem and French defense company Thales.
    (AP, 11/2/09)

2009        Nov 16, In Argentina 2 men were granted a marriage license in Buenos Aires, breaking ground in a country and region where laws ban gay marriage.
    (AP, 11/17/09)

2009        Nov 18, Argentina's Congress, valuing truth over the right to privacy, authorized the forced extraction of DNA from people who may have been born to political prisoners slain a quarter-century ago, even when they don't want to know their birth parents.
    (AP, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 25, Officials said flooding from heavy rains has killed 12 people in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and forced more than 20,000 to flee their homes. Most of the dead were in southern Brazil, including eight in Rio Grande do Sul.
    (AP, 11/25/09)

2009        Nov 29, In Argentina Solange Magnano (38), a mother of twins who won the Miss Argentina crown in 1994, died of a pulmonary embolism after three days in critical condition following a gluteoplasty in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Nov 30, An Argentine judge issued an order blocking the continent's first gay marriage scheduled for Dec 1. National Judge Marta Gomez Alsina ordered the wedding blocked until the issue can be considered by the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 28, In Argentina two men succeeded in becoming Latin America's first same-sex married couple. Gay rights activists Jose Maria Di Bello (41) and Alex Freyre (39) took their civil ceremony to the capital of Argentina's Tierra del Fuego province, where a sympathetic governor backed their bid to make Latin American history.
    (AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 30, An Argentine judge convicted former Santa Fe Roman Catholic Archbishop Edgardo Storni of sexually abusing a seminarian in 1992.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Argentina under Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner introduced simultaneous open obligatory primaries.
    (Econ, 8/1/15, p.31)
2009        Argentina’s justice ministry, unable to face the truth, stopped publishing annual crime statistics.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.56)

2010        Jan 6, Argentine President Cristina Fernandez ordered the military to declassify all "dirty war"-related documents.
    (AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 7, In Argentina Martin Redrado (b.1961), governor of the central bank, was dismissed by Pres. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. She signed a decree firing him for refusing to use currency reserves to pay foreign debt.

2010        Jan 23, Brazil extradited Manuel Juan Cordero Piacentini, a retired Uruguayan military officer, to Argentina to face charges of human rights abuses allegedly committed more than 30 years ago. Under "Operation Condor," the military dictatorships that ruled much of South America in the 1970s and 1980s secretly cooperated in the torture and disappearances of each others' citizens.
    (AP, 1/23/10)

2010        Jan 31, In Argentina Tomas Eloy Martinez (75), author and journalist famed for his writings about former President Juan Domingo Peron and his glamorous wife Eva, died.
    (AP, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 22, Latin American and Caribbean nations backed Argentina's claim of sovereignty to the Falkland Islands in a growing dispute with Britain over plans to drill for oil off the islands in the Atlantic. British exploration company Desire Petroleum PLC said it started drilling for oil about 62 miles north of the disputed islands.
    (AP, 2/23/10)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 21, In Argentina 2 teenagers died, apparently after police tried to stop them for riding a motorcycle without helmets. Hundreds of angry residents torched the Baradero city hall to protest the death of the teenagers in a police chase.
    (AP, 3/22/10)

2010        Apr 12, In Argentina Luis Caicedo Velandia was arrested as he walked near a Buenos Aires shopping mall and placed under extremely high security. the suspected Colombian drug trafficker, who operated under the radar for years in Argentina, was later described as a ringleader capable of giving direct orders to Colombia's most-wanted cocaine kingpins and with close ties to Mexico's feared Sinaloa cartel.
    (AP, 6/12/10)

2010        Apr 14, In Argentina Dmitry Medvedev used the first-ever visit by a Russian president to Argentina to urge the countries to boost economic ties and cooperate more on nuclear energy.
    (AP, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr 16, Argentina offered to swap defaulted bonds at a third of their nominal value in a bid to regain access to financial markets after defaulting on them in 2001. The proposed restructuring involves 20 billion dollars in debt and nine billion dollars in interest accumulated since 2005 and should be completed within 40 days.
    (AFP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 20, Argentina's last dictator, Reynaldo Bignone (82), was convicted and sentenced to 25 years in prison for kidnappings and torture during the nation's 1976-1983 military regime.
    (AP, 4/20/10)
2010        Apr 20, A UN court delivered a long-awaited ruling rejecting Argentina's claim that a Uruguayan pulp mill pollutes their shared river. Both sides said the decision by the International Court of Justice in the Netherlands gave them what they need to resolve their differences, with Argentina taking heart from a part of the ruling that said Uruguay did not properly inform it about the project. Argentine activists were still blocking the main bridge across the river and refused to give up their fight. Activists in June voted to lift their four-year bridge blockade.
    (AP, 4/21/10)(AP, 6/17/10)

2010        Apr 30, In Argentina over 2,000 adolescents in schools across the province of Mendoza skipped classes and met in a plaza in a mass truancy organized on Facebook. A judge in Mendoza soon ordered Facebook to shut groups created by minors to organize the truancy.
    (SFC, 5/13/10, p.A2)

2010        May 3, In Argentina a judge widened the case against former dictator Jorge Rafael Videla (1976-1981) to include an additional 49 cases of kidnapping, torture and murder. These include victims whose bodies have been identified by forensic experts.
    (AP, 5/3/10)

2010        May 4, Alfredo Martinez de Hoz (84), the powerful economy minister who ran Argentina's finances during most of the dictatorship (1976-1983), was arrested and his bank accounts were frozen. The arrest followed a Supreme Court ruling last week deeming unconstitutional a 1990 presidential pardon granted to Martinez de Hoz and former dictator Jorge Videla.
    (AFP, 5/4/10)(AP, 5/6/10)
2010        May 4, The leaders of South America named former Argentine President Nestor Kirchner as their secretary-general, setting aside their differences in hopes that the 12-nation Unasur group can consolidate into a regional force for unity, development and democracy-building.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 6, Julio Alberto Poch (57), a pilot who allegedly flew death flights for Argentina's military dictatorship, was extradited from Spain. Spain acted on Argentina's request, arresting him in front of his passengers and family during a stop in Valencia on what was supposed to be his final flight back to the Netherlands before retiring from Transavia.
    (AP, 5/6/10)

2010        May 25, In Argentina some 2 million people and eight heads of state from across South America took to the streets of Buenos Aires in celebration of 200 years since its revolution.
    (AFP, 5/26/10)

2010        May 26, In Argentina Angie Sanclemente Valencia (30), a Colombian model accused of leading a drug-trafficking gang that persuaded pretty young women to smuggle cocaine to Mexico, was arrested after evading Argentine police for five months.
    (AP, 5/26/10)

2010        Jul 1, In Argentina a survivor of the former military junta detention centers was reported to have presented a list of 293 detainees, part of a trove of evidence he rescued from destruction decades ago and hid away. There, in neat columns typed by a police functionary, each "subversive delinquent" is listed alongside a terse decision on their fate, the letters "DF," military shorthand for "disposition final" — death. The 1976-1983 military junta killed at least 13,000 people, though human rights groups believe as many as 30,000 died during what Argentines call the "dirty war."
    (AP, 7/1/10)

2010        Jul 8, In Argentina some of the most notorious figures of Argentina's "dirty war" were convicted of kidnapping, torturing and murdering 22 people at the beginning of the 1976-1983 military dictatorship. A judge handed down the sentences for Gen. Luciano Menendez and former police intelligence chief Roberto Albornoz: life in prison for crimes against humanity committed at a secret detention center in provincial Tucuman. Two former police officers, brothers Luis Armando de Candido and Carlos Esteban de Candido, were sentenced to 18 and 3 years, respectively.
    (AP, 7/8/10)

2010        Jul 15, Argentina legalized same-sex marriage, becoming the first country in Latin America to grant gays and lesbians all the legal rights, responsibilities and protections that marriage brings to heterosexual couples.
    (AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 20, It was reported that at least 26 people have died in Argentina from exposure, carbon monoxide inhalation from heaters and other weather-related causes. A cold front across much of South America was linked to dozens of deaths, mounting losses for cattle ranchers and other hardships.
    (AP, 7/20/10)

2010        Jul 28, Argentina and Uruguay held a signing ceremony in Buenos Aires on an agreement to a joint environmental monitoring program along the shared Uruguay River, ending a seven-year pollution controversy over a Finnish paper mill on the Uruguayan side.
    (AFP, 7/28/10)

2010        Sep 16, Thousands of young Argentines marched to the presidential palace to protest the quality of public education, joining a student rebellion that accuses politicians of neglecting schools and universities that were once the envy of Latin America.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 30, Argentina granted asylum to Galvarino Apablaza Guerra, a former leftist guerrilla, charged in his native Chile with assassinating right-wing Sen. Jaime Guzman and kidnapping businessman Christian Edwards del Rio in 1991. Apablaza, who requested asylum in 2004, was an ideological leader of a branch of Chile's Communist Party that took up arms against Pinochet.
    (AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Oct 27, Nestor Kirchner (60), former Argentine President (2003-2007) and the husband of current leader Cristina Fernandez, died after suffering from heart trouble.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Nov 6, In Argentina thousands marched in a Gay Pride parade, celebrating the country's status as the first in Latin America to legalize same-sex marriage and vowing to campaign for new rights for transgender people. More than 500 same-sex couples have been married since President Cristina Fernandez signed the law on July 21. The theme of the parade was "let's go for more," specifically, a "gender identity" law to enable individuals to change their gender on birth certificates and identity cards.
    (AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 8, In Argentina 1976 coup leader Emilio Eduardo Massera (85) died after suffering for years from a heart condition and dementia that left him too ill to be tried for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 11/8/10)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.98)

2010        Nov 16, In Argentina the SRZero electric sports car, developed by engineers from Imperial College London, arrived in Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, ending a 70-day, 16,000 mile journey that began on July 3 at Chena Hot Springs, Alaska. It managed as much as 6 hours and over 250 miles on a single charge.
    (SFC, 11/18/10, p.A19)

2010        Nov 26, In Argentina the newspaper Clarin published the comments of a woman who has accused her father of sexually abusing her for 30 years and having 10 children with her, including one who killed himself after learning that his grandfather was his father. Elvira Gomez (43) did not report the alleged abuse until her father, Armando Gomez (62), was recently arrested for robbery.
    (AP, 11/27/10)

2010        Nov 28, BP said it has agreed to sell its 60 percent stake in Pan American Energy to Argentina-based oil and gas firm Bridas Corporation, as part of asset sales to pay for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
    (AFP, 11/28/10)

2010        Dec 5, In Argentina Spanish and Portuguese-speaking nations wrapped up their annual meeting by adopting a provision threatening exclusion for any member country that doesn't abide by democratic process.
    (AP, 12/5/10)

2010        Dec 6, Argentina announced that it recognizes the Palestinian territories as a free and independent state within their 1967 borders, a step it said reflects frustration at the slow progress of peace talks with Israel.
    (AP, 12/6/10)

2010        Dec 13, In Argentina a yacht returning from Antarctica smashed ashore in a storm near the city of Ushuaia, killing two Polish brothers, Marek and Pawel Radwanski, and injuring five other people.
    (AP, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 22, In Argentina former dictator Jorge Videla was sentenced to life in prison for the torture and murder of 31 prisoners, most of whom who were "shot while trying to escape" in the months after his military coup.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 30, In Greece a powerful bomb hidden on a parked motorcycle exploded outside two court buildings in central Athens and a small bomb went off outside the Greek embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, but neither caused injuries.
    (AP, 12/30/10)

2010        Dec 31, In Argentina thieves dug a 100-foot-long (30m) ventilated and lit tunnel from a neighboring building into a Buenos Aires bank and spent the weekend opening and emptying between 130 and 140 of the branch's 1,408 boxes. The robbery wasn't discovered until the bank opened on Jan 3.
    (AP, 1/4/11)

2011        Jan 2, Four Argentines were arrested in Spain for allegedly transporting almost a ton of cocaine in a private plane. They included Gustavo and Eduardo Julia, sons of the late former head of the Air Force Jose Julia, and Gaston Miret, son of Jose Miret, the former Air Force brigadier who was secretary of planning during Argentina's 1976-1983 dictatorship. The cocaine was almost pure with a value of more than 30 million euros (about $39 million).
    (AP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 13, Thieves in Argentina stole $68,000 and 17,000 euros in cash that President Cristina Fernandez was to use on a trip to the Middle East.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 15, Argentina's government said it would take steps to ensure mills and exporters paid fixed local wheat prices to farmers and punish those that did not, as it braced for a growers strike over export quotas.
    (Reuters, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 24, In Argentina a woman (30) threw herself from the 23rd story of a Buenos Aires hotel Monday and survived after landing on the roof of a taxi.
    (AP, 1/25/11)

2011        Feb 10, Argentine authorities seized nearly 1,000 cubic feet of undeclared equipment, describing it as machine guns and ammunition, drugs and spy equipment. It was on a US Air Force C-17 cargo plane that landed with material for a training course that a US Special Forces team had been invited to provide to Argentina's federal police. The course was canceled and the C-17 flew home with the Special Forces team. A US State Department official with knowledge of the events said afterwards that all the key material in the shipment was properly declared and authorized by Argentina, describing the undeclared equipment as a minor problem with the plane's manifest that could have been resolved privately. On March 10 a judge said Americans committed no crimes and formally closed the case. The incident cost US taxpayers more than $1 million.
    (AP, 2/15/11)(AP, 3/10/11)

2011        Feb 16, In Argentina the collision of two trains near the San Miguel station, 12 miles west of Buenos Aires, killed four people and injured about 70 others, 14 critically.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 28, In Argentina former Argentine dictators Jorge Videla, who headed a military junta from 1976 to 1981, and the last dictator of the military regime, Reynaldo Bignone (1982-1983), appeared in court to face charges for the first time for kidnapping hundreds of babies seized from their mothers in secret maternity units minutes after birth.
    (AFP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 31, In Argentina a court sentenced former Army Gen. Eduardo Cabanillas to life in prison and three ex-state agents to 20 or 25 years for crimes against humanity committed at Automotores Orletti, the notorious torture center of Operation Condor in 1976.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 14, Argentina's last dictator, Reynaldo Bignone, was sentenced to life in prison for crimes against humanity stemming from human rights abuses under the country's 1976-83 military regime.
    (AFP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 18, In Argentina Victor Oscar Martinez (52), the sole witness to the 1977 death of Bishop Carlos Horacio Ponce de Leon, disappeared. He was released late April 20, hours after the president ordered all federal forces to search for him.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/21/11)

2011        Apr 30, Argentine writer Ernesto Sabato (b.1911), who led the government's probe of crimes committed by Argentina's dictatorship, died. His books included "One and the Universe" (1945), his first novel "The Tunnel" (1948), and "The Angel of Darkness" (1974).     
    (AP, 4/30/11)

2011        May 18, In Argentina a turboprop plane carrying 22 people crashed and exploded in the southern Patagonia region, killing all on board.
    (AP, 5/19/11)

2011        May 23, In Argentina Dr. Carlos Livio Warter (61) was arrested at his home in a wealthy Buenos Aires neighborhood, on charges of falsely billing $1 million in health insurance claims in Hawaii. He worked as a psychiatrist and led seminars based on his latest book, "Pathways to the Soul." Warter was charged in August 2009 with 37 state felonies accusing him of Medicare fraud, each punishable by up to five years in prison. This February he voluntarily surrendered his medical license for failure to comply with professional conduct laws. In 1982 Warter was convicted of falsifying reports in Denver. A 2009 notice from Washington state's Medical Quality Assurance Commission said "The conviction was based on your stipulation that you overcharged the state of Colorado, through the Medicaid system, in the sum of $44,500." The notice was sent to Warter in denying his application to practice medicine there.
    (AP, 5/25/11)(AP, 5/25/11)

2011        Jun 1, Argentina enacted a law criminalizing money laundering.
    (AP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 10, The Argentina climate satellite Aquarius/SAC-D was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 7, Ash from a Chilean volcano grounded flights across much of South America again, disrupting travel for thousands of people just as the continent's premier football tournament got going in Argentina.
    (AP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 9, Argentine singer Facundo Cabral (b.1937), one of Latin America's most admired folk singers, was killed in Guatemala when three carloads of gunmen ambushed the vehicle in which he was riding. By 1970 became internationally known through his song "No soy de aqui ni alla" (I'm Not From Here Nor There). Authorities later said the target of the attack was Nicaraguan businessman Henry Farinas, who was driving the singer to the airport when they were ambushed.
    (AP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/31/11)

2011        Jul 14, In Argentina former Gen. Hector Gamen and Col. Hugo Pascarelli were convicted of murder, kidnapping and torture at El Vesubio, one of the most notorious prisons run by the former dictatorship (1976-1983). Both got life sentences for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 15, A former military doctor was extradited from Paraguay to Argentina to face charges that include stealing babies from political prisoners during Argentina's dictatorship. Dr. Norberto Atilo Bianco allegedly helped run a clandestine maternity ward inside the epidemiology section of the Argentine army's Campo de Mayo military hospital in 1977 and 1978.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Argentina French tourists Cassandre Bouvier (29) and Houria Moumni (20) were raped and killed by a group of men who followed the academics from Sorbonne University up a popular hiking trail, the Quebrada de San Lorenzo, outside the provincial capital of Salta.
    (AP, 8/16/11)

2011        Jul 29, In Argentina French tourists Cassandre Bouvier (29) and Moumni Houria (20) were found dead in Buenos Aires. They were last seen alive two weeks earlier. On Aug 6 authorities detained seven people, including the son and daughter of a high-ranking local police official, for questioning in the rape and slaying of the two French tourists. DNA and ballistics evidence later implicated some of the eight suspects arrested in the case.
    (AP, 8/7/11)(AP, 8/16/11)

2011        Sep 13, Former Argentine President Carlos Menem (81) and 17 members of his government were acquitted of charges that they violated international weapons embargoes on Ecuador and Croatia in the 1990s.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Argentina 11 people were killed and over 200 injured in Buenos Aires in a rush-hour crash involving two passenger trains and a bus whose driver who drove around barriers in an attempt to beat them across the tracks.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(AP, 9/14/11)

2011        Sep 26, In Argentina an explosion wrecked two homes, a business and several cars, killing a woman and injuring nine people on the outskirts of Buenos Aires. A search turned up a canister of natural gas with a poor connection to a pizza oven.
    (AP, 9/26/11)

2011        Oct 23, Argentina held national elections. President Cristina Fernandez appeared to be headed for a landslide victory over six rivals. Fernandez had 53% of the vote after three-fourths of the polling stations reported nationwide. Her nearest challenger got just 17%.
    (AP, 10/23/11)

2011        Oct 26, In Argentina a court sentenced Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," and 11 other former Argentine military and police officers to life in prison for crimes against humanity committed during the 1976-83 military dictatorship.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Nov 2, An Argentine court convicted Colombian model Angie Sanclemente (31) of trafficking cocaine from Argentina to Europe. She was sentenced to six years and eight months in prison. Her Argentine boyfriend, Nicolas Gualco, and his uncle were given the same sentence following the guilty verdicts.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Argentina a bus crash killed six schoolgirls and two teachers and injured 35 people. Witnesses reported that the driver of a bus carrying students and teachers was listening to music over earphones when he crossed in front of a train. The driver jumped from the bus to save himself and left his passengers behind.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 21, An Argentine air force Piper P-28 Dakota collided with a civilian plane being used for flight school training as both were nearing the small airport in the town of Mercedes. 2 people were killed when the civilian plane crashed.
    (AP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 30, Argentina’s Chamber of Deputies approved a bill allowing all transvestites and transsexuals to be recognized by the gender of their choice.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Dec 7, In Argentina Czech national Karel Abelovsky (51) was nabbed for trying to board a transatlantic flight with 247 live animals including poisonous snakes and endangered reptiles packed in a bulging suitcase.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 8, In Argentina Ali Miguel (80), his wife, Sara Garcia (83), their daughter Monica Miguel (49) and Miguel's son (10) were found dead with multiple stab wounds in their house in Mendoza province. A 13-year-old neighbor claimed he killed the 10-year-old in self-defense because the younger boy attacked him after killing his own mother and grandparents. Authorities said the adolescent may have killed the entire family.
    (AP, 12/9/11)

2011        Dec 20, The South American trading bloc Mercosur -- which includes Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay -- agreed to close its ports to ships flying the flag of the British-controlled Falkland Islands.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 20, In Uruguay a hotel maid found the body of Ivan Heyn (34), Argentina’s deputy foreign commerce secretary. He was there for  the Mercosur summit.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 22, Argentina’s Senate gave final approval to a package of laws doubling the penalties for crimes committed with the goal of terrorizing the people or pressuring authorities to take some action. Human rights groups were concerned it will be used to crack down on social protest. The Senate also imposed tough new limits on foreign ownership of farmland, part of a package of laws that give the government much more control over the agricultural industry.
    (AP, 12/22/11)

2011        Dec 29, Reynaldo Bignone (85), Argentina's last dictator (1982-83), was convicted of more crimes against humanity, this time getting 15 years in prison for setting up a secret torture center inside a hospital during the 1976 military coup. Also convicted were SWAT team leader Luis Muina (57), and a former air force brigadier, Hipolito Rafael Mariani (85).
    (AP, 12/30/11)

2011        Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner opened the Museo del Bicentenario behind the Casa Rosada presidential palace.
    (Econ, 7/2/16, p.30)

2012        Jan 1, In Argentina Rio Negro Gov. Carlos Soria (62), the ruling party governor of the country’s prime oil-producing province, died following gunshots to the head. His wife, Susana Freidos, was being questioned by police to determine whether the shots were fired by accident or intentionally.
    (AP, 1/1/12)

2012        Feb 1, Argentina’s government enacted new laws to block or restrict the importing of some 600 goods while requiring foreign companies to partner with local manufacturers. This helped the domestic manufacturing capacity to rebound, but made many products hard to find, pushing up prices and further heating up inflation.
    (AP, 12/23/12)

2012        Feb 7, Argentina's Pres. Cristina Fernandez accused Britain of "militarizing the South Atlantic" and said she would complain to the UN, as tension rises ahead of the 30th anniversary of the Falklands war.
    (Reuters, 2/8/12)

2012        Feb 10, Argentina accused Britain of sending nuclear weapons to the disputed Falkland islands, while UN leader Ban Ki-moon appealed to both sides to avoid an "escalation" of their sovereignty battle.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 22, In Argentina a packed train slammed into the end of the line in Buenos Aires' busy Once station, killing 51 people and injuring hundreds of morning commuters.
    (AP, 2/22/12)(AP, 2/23/12)(AP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb 28, Argentina's Industry Minister Debora Giorgi called on firms importing British products to buy substitute goods elsewhere, amid rising tension over the disputed Falkland islands.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Feb 29, Britain accused Argentina of pursuing a "policy of confrontation" over the disputed Falkland Islands after the country's industry minister called for a block on British imports.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 13, Argentina’s Supreme Court ruled unanimously that any rape victim can get an abortion.
    (SFC, 3/14/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 26, The United States dropped Argentina from its system of trade preferences, citing the South American country's failure to pay court-ordered damages of $300 million plus interest to two US companies.
    (AP, 3/26/12)

2012        Apr 3, In Argentina Analia Bouter was informed that her baby was stillborn in a hospital in Resistencia. She fell to her knees in shock after finding her baby alive in a coffin in the morgue nearly 12 hours after the girl had been declared dead. The baby was born 3 months premature and suffered from sepsis and convulsions with signs of neurological damage.
    (AP, 4/11/12)(SFC, 4/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 3, Argentine human rights secretary Eduardo Luis Duhalde (72) died in Buenos Aires. He was a prominent voice in denouncing abuses during the country's military dictatorship in the 1970s and 80s. His writings included 24 books, and dealt with human rights issues as well as history.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 5, In Argentina a strong overnight storm in Buenos Aires blew down trees and destroyed roofs, killing at least 13 people in the region and leaving more than 20 injured.
    (AP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 13, Spanish officials warned Argentina that the country risks becoming "an international pariah" if it follows through on its threats to nationalize Spanish-owned energy company Repsol's majority stake in its South American YPF unit. concern" YPF represents 42 percent of Repsol's total reserves, estimated at 2.1 billion barrels of crude.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 16, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez pushed forward a bill to renationalize the country's largest oil company despite fierce criticism from abroad and the risk of a major rift with Spain.
    (AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, In San Francisco the annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were presented 6 individuals. They included Sofia Gatica of Argentina work on diseases related to agrochemicals; Caroline Canon of Alaska for her village efforts against oil drilling in the Arctic Ocean; Ma Jun of China for his efforts on air and water violations by major manufacturers; Ikal Angelei of Kenya for her efforts to protect Lake Turkana; Evgenia Chirikova of Russia for her efforts to protect the Khimki Forest; and Father Edwin Gariguez of the Philippines for advocating against mining developments on indigenous lands.
    (SFC, 4/16/12, p.A10)

2012        Apr 20, The European Union parliament condemned Argentina's move to seize control of the YPF division of Spanish oil and gas giant Repsol and demanded that EU takes action against Buenos Aires at the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 4/20/12)

2012        May 9, Argentina's senate overwhelmingly approved a "dignified death" law giving terminally ill patients and their families more power to make end-of-life decisions. The law passed by a vote of 55 to zero, with 17 senators declaring themselves absent. It passed the lower house last year.
    (AP, 5/10/12)
2012        May 9, Argentina’s senate passed a gender identity law giving people the freedom to change their legal and physical gender identity simply because they want to, without having to undergo judicial, psychiatric and medical procedures beforehand.
    (AFP, 5/10/12)

2012        May 17, Argentina’s President Cristina Kirchner arrived in Angola for a short state visit to push for a deal to exchange her country's food for Angolan oil.
    (AFP, 5/17/12)

2012        May 28, Argentina published a new rule saying anyone wanting to buy dollars for travel must first prove their money was obtained legally, and provide the tax agency with trip details including why, when and where they are traveling. President Cristina Fernandez is cracking down to keep hard currency from flowing out of Argentina, which needs the dollars to maintain its central bank reserves and pay debts.
    (AP, 5/28/12)

2012        Jun 2, It was reported that Argentina’s VP Amado Boudou (48) is accused of steering a $55 million contract for printing the nation's money to secret partners through a shadowy shell company used to fund pleasure trips for his friends and family.
    (AP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jun 4, Argentina declared British oil exploration off the Falklands "illegal" and immediately set about suing five companies for pursuing activities around the contested islands.
    (AFP, 6/4/12)

2012        Jun 12, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez announced a major economic stimulus plan, using pension and treasury funds to provide nearly cost-free housing loans of up to $77,000 each to 400,000 people who have been closed out of private-sector borrowing.
    (AP, 6/13/12)

2012        Jun 13, Carlos Slim, Mexican telecommunications billionaire, acquired an 8.4% stake in Argentina's newly state-controlled oil and gas producer, YPF S.A. A filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission said Slim and members of his family acquired 32.9 million shares of YPF Class D shares on June 12 and 13.
    (AP, 6/15/12)

2012        Jun 25, In Argentina Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met President Cristina Fernandez in Buenos Aires as part of a South American tour that included visits to Brazil and Uruguay and will end in Chile this week. Wen said the Asian giant is interested in a possible free-trade deal with the Mercosur regional trade bloc.
    (AP, 6/25/12)

2012        Jun 29, In Argentina the Mercosur trade bloc held a summit. It suspended Paraguay's membership for having impeached and ousted its president but said it will not slap economic sanctions on it. The group also announced that Venezuela will become a full member starting July 31.
    (AP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jul 5, Argentina convicted Rafael Videla (86) and Reynaldo Bignone (84), two former dictators, for the systematic stealing of babies from political prisoners 30 years ago. Seven of their co-defendants were also convicted on charges involving the theft of 34 babies.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, In Argentina the interest for small and medium-sized business loans was set to 15 percent a year. Facing clear signs of a looming recession, Argentina's president ordered banks to lend $3.3 billion of their clients' savings at rates below what many believe to be the level of inflation. Many analysts estimated inflation at around 25 percent.
    (AP, 7/5/12)

2012        Jul 25, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez revealed a new 100-peso note featuring the face of Eva Peron on the eve the 60th anniversary of her death. Peron’s the first woman to appear on any Argentine banknote.
    (SFC, 7/26/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 27, Argentina's President Cristina Fernandez granted vast new power over the nation's economy to Axel Kicillof (41), a young firebrand who was the brains behind the takeover of YPF from Spain's Repsol oil company. Fernandez also put Kicillof in charge of a commission responsible for implementing the country's new energy policy.
    (AP, 7/27/12)

2012        Aug 2, Argentina's president celebrated the final $2.3 billion payment on a bond given to people whose savings were confiscated a decade ago, calling it a lesson for European countries now mired in foreign debt.
    (AP, 8/3/12)

2012        Aug 10,  Argentina’s national statistics agency, INDEC, declared that  a family of four should be considered above the poverty level if its monthly food bill exceeded 688 pesos, or about 6 pesos per person per day. A study by the Univ. of Buenos Aires had put the minimum daily budget for a healthy diet at 24 pesos per person.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.36)

2012        Aug 14, Argentine prosecutors put former president Fernando de la Rua (1999-2001) on trial for bribery, accusing him of bribing senators for votes in 2000 to weaken worker protections. De la Rua was found innocent on Dec 23, 2013.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(SFC, 12/24/13, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, In Argentina the world’s largest tango festival opened for a 2-week run in Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, In Argentina subways began rolling again in Buenos Aires after union leaders suspended a 10-day strike, but their tentative deal depends on an unresolved power struggle between the mayor and the president.
    (AP, 8/14/12)

2012        Aug 29, It was reported that Argentine authorities are planning to shoot seagulls in hopes of reducing their population following seagull attacks on southern right whales. Seagulls around the city of Puerto Madryn discovered about a decade ago that by pecking at the whales as they come up for air, they can create open wounds and feed on them.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Aug 31, Argentina tightened its grip on credit card purchases in an effort to stem capital flight and tax evasion. One measure added a 15 percent tax every time people make a purchase outside Argentina using a peso-denominated credit card. Another required card-issuers to report every purchase to the government.
    (AP, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 3, Argentina's tax agency imposed more rules on purchases outside the country.
    (AP, 9/3/12)

2012        Sep 13, In Argentina tens of thousands protested in Buenos
Aires clanging pots in opposition to government economic policies.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.39)

2012        Oct 2, Designer brands were reported to be abandoning Argentina. Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy, owner of the Japanese label Kenzo, issued a statement blaming Argentina's "complex economic context" for the closure of its store on Oct 10. Top labels have become collateral damage as the government tightens its hold on the economy with measures aiming to encourage domestic production and capture more wealth to aid the poor.
    (AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 2, A court in Ghana ordered the 3-masted A.R.A. Libertad, flagship of Argentina's navy, held in port until Argentina posts a court bond equal to its value, which could be $10 million or more. Elliott Capital Management, a $15 billion hedge fund run by billionaire Paul Singer, filed the complaint in Ghana as part of its effort to collect on Argentine bonds bought at fire-sale prices after the South American country's record debt default a decade ago.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

2012        Oct 11, International investors put a $20 million price tag on an Argentine navy training ship after a judge in Ghana ruled that the ARA Libertad cannot set sail until the South American country settles claims for unpaid debts.
    (AP, 10/11/12)

2012        Oct 17, In Argentina former Gen. Mario Benjamin Menendez (82) was arrested for his role at the La Escaulita torture center in Tucuman province which he helped run in 1975. In 1982 Menendez served as the military governor of the Falkland Islands during Argentina’s brief occupation.
    (SFC, 10/19/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 25, Hundreds of Argentine sailors returned home after abandoning their frigate on orders from President Cristina Fernandez, after the ARA Libertad was detained by a Ghanaian judge in a debt dispute. The sailors arrived home on an Air France charter because the Argentine government couldn't send one of its own planes, for fear that it, too, could be seized as collateral. The ship's captain and 43 crew members were left behind with the ship at Ghana's Tema Port.
    (AP, 10/25/12)

2012        Oct 26, Argentina lost its long battle against bond holdouts in the US courts when an appellate panel rejected every argument it made against paying $1.33 billion to investors who refused to accept as little as 25 cents on the dollar for the country's defaulted debt in 2005.
    (AP, 10/26/12)

2012        Oct 30, Colombia's most-wanted reputed drug trafficker, Henry de Jesus Lopez (41), aka "Mi Sangre," was arrested outside a restaurant in suburban Buenos Aires after Colombian police spent months chasing him around South America.
    (AP, 10/31/12)

2012        Oct 31, Argentina’s lawmakers passed legislation that lowered the voting age from 18 to 16.
    (SFC, 11/2/12, p.A4)

2012        Nov 1, Lawyers for Amazonian Indians said they are seeking the seizure of $2 billion of Chevron Corp.'s assets in Argentina as they tried to collect an $18.7 billion environmental judgment won in Ecuador last year.
    (AP, 11/1/12)

2012        Nov 7, An Argentine judge embargoed Chevron Corp.’s assets in Argentina to carry out an Ecuadoran court order that awarded $19 billion to plaintiffs in an environmental damage lawsuit in the Amazon.
    (SFC, 11/8/12, p.A3)

2012        Nov 8, In Ghana the Argentinian crew of the seized ARA Libertad displayed weapons and prevented Ghanaian officials from boarding the vessel. Ports officials said the ship is costing more than $500,000 per day in lost berthing fees.
    (AP, 11/10/12)

2012        Nov 9, In Argentina hundreds of thousands, angry over inflation, crime and corruption, flooded the streets of Buenos Aires for nearly four hours to protest against Pres. Cristina Fernandez in the biggest anti-government demonstration in years. Other demonstrations were held on plazas across Argentina.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Nov 20, Argentine President Cristina Fernandez faced a nationwide strike, led by union bosses who once were her most steadfast supporters.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2012        Dec 5, Argentina filed complaints with the World Trade Organization (WTO) over trade barriers it blames for keeping its beef and lemons out of the United States and blocking biodiesel sales to Europe.
    (AP, 12/5/12)

2012        Dec 9, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez gave Susana Trimarco a human rights award before hundreds of thousands of people in the Plaza de Mayo for her efforts in rescuing sex slaves and helping them start new lives. Argentina's efforts to combat sex trafficking began largely as a result of Susana Trimarco's one-woman, decade-long quest to find her missing daughter, Maria de los Angeles "Marita" Veron.
    (AP, 12/11/12)(AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 12, In Argentina the acquittal of 13 people accused in the disappearance of Marita Veron, a young woman who was allegedly kidnapped and forced into prostitution for "VIP clients" spread shock and outrage across the country, prompting street protests and calls by political leaders to impeach the three judges who delivered the verdict.
    (AP, 12/12/12)

2012        Dec 15, A UN court in Germany ordered the immediate release of Argentina’s ARA Libertad training ship, which was seized in Ghana on Aug 2. The UN's International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea said warships enjoy immunity under international law and seizing the ship was "a source of conflict that may endanger friendly relations among states."
    (AP, 12/15/12)

2012        Dec 16, Ghana's government said it will abide by the UN Tribunal's order for the immediate release of Argentina’s ARA Libertad navy training ship seized two months ago at the request of an American hedge fund.
    (AP, 12/16/12)

2012        Dec 17, Argentina's government told Grupo Clarin, the country's largest media conglomerate, that it has begun a process to break up the company and auction off its media licenses.
    (AP, 12/17/12)

2012        Dec 19, Argentina's cash-strapped state energy company signed a partnership deal with Chevron Corp. for a "massive development" of the South American country's vast nonconventional oil and gas resources.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2012        Dec 20, In Argentina a wave of sporadic looting began in the Patagonian ski resort of Bariloche. Looters continued to ransack supermarkets the next day in several cities causing two deaths.
    (SFC, 12/22/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 25, Argentina's coast guard cutter Thompson fired warning shots at two Chinese trawlers, blocking their escape into international waters. Ten tons of squid were found in the holds of the Lu Rong Yu 6177 and 6178 after they were hauled into port.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2012        Dec 27, Former Argentine economy minister Felisa Miceli was sentenced to four years in prison for corruption. Miceli was forced to quit in 2007 when a bag of money holding $32,000 was found in her office toilet.
    (AP, 12/27/12)

2013        Jan 3, Argentine Pres. Cristina Fernandez called on Britain to relinquish control of the Falkland Islands.
    (SFC, 1/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 9, Argentina’s ARA Libertad naval ship returned home from Ghana after being held there on a claim by a Cayman Islands-based hedge fund.
    (SFC, 1/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 11, In Argentina the Buenos Aires federal court ratified charges previously filed against former transportation secretaries Juan Pablo Schiavi and Ricardo Jaime in connection with a crash that killed 51 people on Feb 22, 2012.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Jan 13, Argentina said that a monthly basket for an indigent family of four cost 719 pesos in December, or about 5.99 pesos per day, per person. On the streets of Buenos Aires, 6 pesos doesn't stretch beyond a pack of chewing gum, or a cup of yoghurt, or a single "alfajor" cookie.
    (AP, 1/17/13)

2013        Jan 23, Argentina’s defense minister, Arturo Puricelli, expressed shame after the Navy destroyer ARA Trinidad sank at its moorings. Congressman Julio Martinez said of a total of 70 navy ships only 16 are in sailing condition.
    (SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 28, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez announced 15.8% raise in public pension payments effective in March. Retirees dismissed the move as too little and too late.
    (Econ, 2/16/13, p.39)

2013        Jan 30, In Argentina an attempt by Chevron Corp. to unfreeze its assets was dismissed by an appeals court. Winners of a $19 billion environmental judgment in Ecuador have filed suits in Canada, Brazil and Argentina.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Feb 1, The IMF gave the government of Argentina until Sep 29 to comply with the fund’s rules on the reporting of inflation statistics. On Dec 9 the IMF deferred action until March.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.38)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.56)

2013        Feb 4, Argentina announced a two-month price freeze on supermarket products in an effort to stop spiraling inflation.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Mar 1, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez authorized a compromise offer of a new debt swap to comply with a $1.3 billion cash judgment to resolve debts unpaid for over a decade. A NY court ordered Argentina to explain how it would issue new bonds rather than comply with the order for cash payment.
    (SFC, 3/2/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 8, In Argentina former Pres. Carlos Menem (82) and 11 others were found guilty by an appeals court of smuggling weapons to Ecuador and Croatia in violations of int’l. embargoes in the 1990s. Menem had been acquitted in 2011.
    (SFC, 3/9/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 12, Argentina’s last dictator and former president, Reynaldo Benito Bignone (85), received another life sentence in prison for human rights violations involving detainees at the Campo de Mayo military prison during the 1976-1983 military dictatorship.
    (SFC, 3/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 13, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio (76), known for his work with the poor in Buenos Aires' slums, was elected as the 266th Pope. He became the first Jesuit pope and first non-European since the Middle Ages and decided to call himself Francis after St. Francis of Assisi.
    (AP, 3/14/13)

2013        Mar 18, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez asked Pope Francis to intervene in the dispute with Britain over the Falkland Islands.   
    (SFC, 3/19/13, p.A3)
2013        Mar 18, Argentina's government accused the British banking giant HSBC of facilitating money laundering and tax evasion.
    (AP, 3/18/13)

2013        Mar 25, Peru's government declared an environmental state of emergency in a remote Amazon jungle region it says has been affected by years of contamination at the country's most productive oil fields, which are currently operated by Argentina-based Pluspetrol.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2013        Mar 29, Argentina proposed a creative way out of its debt showdown, describing a mix of cash and bonds that it suggested would amount to a huge profit, but not a gargantuan one, for the investors it calls "vulture funds." The payment plan could take many more years to cancel $1.44 billion in defaulted bonds, interest and penalties left unpaid since the country's world-record 2001 default.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Apr 3, In Argentina at least 57 people were killed by flooding overnight in Buenos Aires province.
    (AP, 4/3/13)(AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 17, In Argentina a judicial investigation was initiated on Lazaro Báez on charges of money laundering, conspiracy, and cover-up. Baez (b.1956), a building tycoon with ties to Pres. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, had reportedly embezzled and laundered abroad some $65 million.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A1zaro_B%C3%A1ez)(Econ., 4/11/15, p.68)

2013        Apr 25, Argentina's congress passed new limits on judicial independence, key parts of a package of laws the government promised will "democratize" the country's courts. Opponents said private property will be much more difficult to protect and President Cristina Fernandez and her appointees will have free reign to govern without court interference.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        May 6, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez ruled out any currency devaluation while she's president, and dismissed as election-year politics a brewing scandal over allegations of money laundering by businessmen close to her and her late husband Nestor Kirchner.
    (AP, 5/7/13)

2013        May 7, Argentina's government announced new measures intended to suck up undeclared dollars in response to growing pressure to abruptly devalue the nation's currency.
    (AP, 5/7/13)

2013        May 15, Two million Argentines will get wage hikes of 24% under a deal President Cristina Fernandez brokered with six allied labor unions. Economists say inflation has been running about 25% a year, more than twice the official inflation rate of 10%.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 17, Former Argentine dictator Jorge Rafael Videla (87) died of natural causes while serving life sentences in prison for crimes against humanity. He took power over Argentina in a 1976 coup and led a military junta that killed thousands of his fellow citizens in a dirty war to eliminate so-called "subversives."
    (AP, 5/17/13)

2013        May 21, In Argentina 3 former Ford Motor Co. executives were charged with crimes against humanity for allegedly targeting union workers for kidnapping and torture after the country's 1976 military coup.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 27, Alberto Nisman, the prosecutor in charge of investigating the 1994 bombing of the Buenos Aires Jewish community center (AMIA), released a 507-page report that accused Iran of infiltrating Latin America to carry out terrorist attacks.
    (SSFC, 6/2/13, p.A4)

2013        Jun 4, Argentina's Supreme Court suspended a freeze on the local assets of Chevron Corp. that had been ordered late last year following a suit by the winners of a $19 billion environmental judgment in Ecuador. Chevron and  state energy company YPF were working out a deal to jointly develop the vast Vaca Muerta shale oil and natural gas reserves in southwestern Argentina.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 13, Argentina sentenced former President Carlos Menem, now a Senator, to 7 years in prison for illegally smuggling weapons to Ecuador and Croatia in violation of international embargoes in the 1990s. He could remain free indefinitely while the Supreme Court studies any appeal.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, In Argentina a 2-level commuter train slammed into another that had stopped between stations during the morning commute in a suburb of Buenos Aires. 3 passengers were killed and over 300 injured.
    (AP, 6/13/13)

2013        Jun 18, It was reported that Chile’s Supreme Court authorized the extradition of ex-Argentine judge Otilio Ireneo Roque Romano. He had escaped Argentina to avoid trial in 103 cases of crimes against humanity during Argentina’s years of military dictatorship (1976-1983).
    (SSFC, 6/23/13, p.A4)

2013        Jun 26, The board of Spanish energy giant Repsol rejected a $5 billion offer of compensation from Argentina for the company's YPF unit that the country seized last year. In December Repsol accepted the government offer of $5 billion to avoid arbitration.
    (AP, 6/26/13)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.36)

2013        Jun, In Argentina prison inmates set up a trade union to lobby against low pay for jobs in prison.
    (Econ, 8/17/13, p.52)

2013        Jul 3, Argentina extradited Ignacio Alvarez Meyendorf to the US. The Colombian, arrested in 2011, was suspected of using submarines to smuggle 8 tons of cocaine to the US.
    (SFC, 7/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 16, Argentina's state-controlled YPF oil company persuaded Chevron Corp. to sign a long-sought deal to invest $1.24 billion in developing the Vaca Muerta shale oil deposits.
    (AP, 7/16/13)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.36)

2013        Aug 6, In Argentina a suspected natural gas explosion destroyed a tall apartment building in Rosario. At least 8 people were killed and some 60 injured.
    (SFC, 8/7/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 11, In Argentina a possible re-election bid by President Cristina Fernandez seemed less likely after Buenos Aires province rejected her candidate in the midterm congressional primary, nominating instead a pro-business, small-town mayor.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 20, In Argentina 13 inmates escaped from the federal prison in Ezeiza, a suburb of Buenos Aires. Two were re-captured the next day.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 26, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez offered new bonds to be paid in dollars in Buenos Aires to anyone still holding defaulted debt.
    (SSFC, 9/1/13, p.A4)

2013        Sep 27, Ghana said it has resolved a dispute with Argentina that began with last year's seizure of an Argentinian naval ship over a massive debt claim.
    (AP, 9/28/13)

2013        Oct 5, Argentine President Cristina Fernandez (60) was told by doctors to take a month off because of a subdural hematoma on her brain, forcing her to abandon campaigning for important congressional elections taking place later this month.
    (AP, 10/6/13)

2013        Oct 8, In Argentina doctors drilled into President Cristina Fernandez's skull to siphon out blood that is pressuring her brain two months after she suffered an unexplained head injury.
    (AP, 10/8/13)

2013        Oct 19, In Argentina at least 99 people were hurt, some seriously, in a train crash at the same Buenos Aires commuter rail stop where a deadly accident killed dozens just last year.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 23, Argentine local experts and a government source said its agricultural soils are being depleted by lack of crop rotation as soy farming encroaches on areas once used for corn, wheat and cattle grazing.
    (Reuters, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 27, Argentine held midterm elections. President Cristina Kirchner's Front for Victory (FPV) won 33% of the vote for the lower house of Congress and narrowly retained a majority in both houses.
    (AFP, 10/28/13)(Econ, 11/2/13, p.40)

2013        Dec 4, In Argentina violence in Cordoba left at least 3 people dead as a police sit-in prompted hours of looting, robberies, injuries and vigilante mobs trying to protect their neighborhoods. The violence ended when police agreed to a 52% pay increase.
    (SFC, 12/5/13, p.A2)(SSFC, 12/8/13, p.A6)
2013        Dec 4, It was reported that Argentina’s Riachuelo river flowing through the La Boca district of Buenos Aires has been named one of the planet's 10 dirtiest places.
    (AP, 12/4/13)

2013        Dec 10, In northern Argentina 7 people died overnight in looting sparked by a police strike. At least 10 deaths were blamed on police since their job action began a week ago.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)(SFC, 12/12/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 25, In Argentina an attack by a school of palometas, a carnivorous type of piranha, injured 70 people bathing in the Parana River in Rosario, including seven children who lost parts of their fingers or toes.
    (AP, 12/26/13)

2013        In Argentina the local government of Buenos Aires conferred formal status on “cartoneros," workers who comb the city for cardboard and plastic to sell to recyclers.
    (Econ., 4/25/15, p.36)
2013        Argentina became the first country to be censured by the IMF for misrepresenting GDP and prices.
    (Econ, 2/13/15, p.29)
2013        The Catholic Univ. of Argentina put the number of poor people in the country at 10 million. The government said 1.2 million.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.32)
2013        Rosario, Argentina’s third largest city with 1.3 million people, had the country’s highest murder rate.
    (Econ, 11/28/15, p.32)

2014        Jan 3, Argentina’s government agreed to roll over the debt of 18 provinces to help ease their financial strains.
    (Econ, 1/11/14, p.29)

2014        Jan 11, In Argentina police used rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse some 3,000 rowdy youths participating in a “rolenzinho," a social network convened gathering, at the Shopping metro Itaquera in eastern Sao Paulo.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.30)

2014        Jan 14, In Mexico Juan Gelman, the celebrated Argentine poet and fierce critic of the South American nation's "dirty war" against leftists, died in Mexico City.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 24, Argentina said it is relaxing restrictions on the purchase of US dollars following a sharp, sudden slide in the value of the local peso.
    (AP, 1/24/14)

2014        Feb 5, In Argentina 9 first-responders were killed and seven others injured battling a fire of unknown origin that destroyed an archive of bank documents at the iron Mountain warehouse in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 2/5/14)(SFC, 2/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 7, In Argentina a truck driving on the wrong side of a highway crashed head on with passenger bus killing at least 18 people on National Hwy 7 in Mendoza province.
    (SSFC, 2/9/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 13, In Argentina a new consumer price index, developed with help from the IMF, registered inflation at 3.7% for January, the highest official rate since 2002 and much higher than the 1.4% posted in December.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.32)

2014        Apr 10, In Argentina a nationwide strike shut down air, train and bus traffic, losing businesses, ports and emptying classrooms.
    (SFC, 4/11/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 13, Ernesto Laclau (b.1935), Argentine post-Marxist political philosopher, died in Spain.

2014        May 29, Argentina said it has reached a $9.7 billion deal with the Paris Club to resolve debts unpaid since its economic crisis and default in 2001.
    (AP, 5/29/14)

2014        Jun 16, The US Supreme Court has ruled that holders of defaulted Argentine bonds can force the South American country to reveal where its assets are held around the world. Pres. Cristina Fernandez refused to go along with a US judge's ruling requiring a $1.5 billion repayment of defaulted bonds
    (AP, 6/16/14)(AP, 6/17/14)

2014        Jun 27, An Argentine judge charged Vice President Amado Boudou with bribery and conducting business incompatible with public office in the acquisition of the company that prints the country's currency and of later benefiting from government contracts.
    (AP, 6/28/14)

2014        Jun 30, Argentine officials said flooding from torrential rains have forced the evacuation of 3,000 people in the northeastern provinces of Misiones and Formosa.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 12, In Buenos Aires Russian and Argentine delegations signed a series of bilateral deals, including one on nuclear energy that comes as Argentina ramps up work on its fourth nuclear plant, the $3-billion Atucha III reactor. Russia’s President Putin and Argentine counterpart Cristina Kirchner called for a multipolar world order as Moscow sought to boost ties with Latin America amid heightened East-West tensions.
    (AFP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 13, Germany won its 4th World Cup title. Argentines celebrating their team's gutsy performance in a 1-0 loss to Germany in the World Cup finals in Brazil. In Buenos Aires Riot police used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse a group of rock-throwing vandals who disturbed a rally.
    (AP, 7/14/14)

2014        Jul 18, In Argentina visiting Chinese President Xi Jinping announced huge investments in hydroelectric power, shipbuilding, railways and a deal to help Argentina build its fourth nuclear plant. Russia’s Pres. Putin also signed a deal on nuclear power with Argentina.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)

2014        Jul 19, In Buenos Aires, Argentina, visiting Russian Pres. Putin met with Pres. Cristina Fernandez and signed a deal on nuclear power as well as other projects.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A3)

2014        Jul 30, Argentina entered into default late today for the 8th time in its history.
    (Econ, 8/2/14, p.26)

2014        Jul 31, Argentina’s stock fell sharply as the country defaulted on its bills for the 2nd time in 13 years.
    (SFC, 8/1/14, p.A5)

2014        Aug 12, Argentina halted a brief pilot strike that stranded thousands of passengers in Buenos Aires as the Labor Ministry ordered the two sides to accept mediation.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 4, In Argentina Gustavo Cerati (55), one of Latin America's most influential musicians, died, four years after a stroke put him in a coma.
    (AP, 9/6/14)

2014        Oct 16, Argentina launched its first domestically built communications satellite.
    (AP, 10/16/14)

2014        Oct 24, An Argentine court convicted and sentenced to life in prison 15 former military, police and civilian officials for abductions, torture and killings of dozens of dissidents during the country's 1976-83 dictatorship.
    (AP, 10/24/14)

2014        Nov 19, Argentina’s lower house of Congress approved a measure ruling that all public transportation must display a sign saying “Las Malvina son Argentinas" (The Falklands are Argentine), after getting approval from the Senate.
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A2)

2014        Nov 27, In Argentina a power outage in Buenos Aires temporarily paralyzed some subway stations and put more than 100 traffic lights out of action. A strike led by transportation unions demanding a salary hike also contributed to the traffic chaos.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Argentina's tax agency charged British bank HSBC with helping more than 4,000 Argentines to commit tax evasion by stashing money in secret Swiss accounts.
    (AFP, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov, Argentina’s annualized inflation was running at 41%.
    (Econ, 11/22/14, p.32)

2014        Dec 22, A court in Argentina convicted and sentenced a doctor and midwife for their roles in abducting newborns from women during the 1976-1983 military dictatorship. The court sentenced retired military doctor Norberto Atilio Bianco (69), to a 13-year term, and midwife Yolanda Arroche (85), to a seven-year term. It acquitted a third accused, doctor Raul Eugenio Martin (75).
    (AFP, 12/22/14)

2014        Dec, Argentine spy Antonio Stiuso was forced out of the SI intelligence service. The government later alleged that prosecutor Alberto Nisman, shot dead on Jan 18, 2015, was manipulated by Stiuso into accusing President Cristina Fernandez of trying to cover up Iran's alleged involvement in a deadly 1994 bombing as a way of smearing Fernandez.
    (Reuters, 2/25/15)

2014        Argentina’s inflation was 40% this year.
    (Econ., 4/25/15, p.36)

2015        Jan 14, In Argentina federal prosecutor Alberto Nisman filed a 300-page court document in which he claimed that Pres. Cristina Fernandez, the foreign minister, Hector Timerman (1953-2018), and others had opened secret negotiations with Iran to absolve Iranian suspects in the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires.
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.29)(SFC, 1/2/19, p.C3)

2015        Jan 18, In Argentina special prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who had accused President Cristina Fernandez of shielding Iranian suspects in the South American country's worst terrorist attack, was found shot dead. Nisman was set to testify on Jan 19 in a Congressional hearing about the 1994 bombing of a Jewish center. In 2016 former spy chief Antonio Stiuso said Nisman was murdered by people linked to the government of Pres. Cristina Fernandez.
    (AP, 1/19/15)(SSFC, 3/6/16, p.A4)

2015        Jan 26, President Cristina Kirchner said that she will disband Argentina's intelligence service. She planned to dissolve the Intelligence Secretariat and create a Federal Intelligence Agency after prosecutor Alberto Nisman was found dead on Jan 18 just hours before he was to make explosive allegations against her.
    (AFP, 1/27/15)

2015        Feb 4, Chinese and Argentine leaders signed a batch of agreements in Beijing, including collaboration on two new nuclear power plants.
    (AP, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 13, Argentine state investigator Gerardo Pollicita formally reiterated accusations leveled against Pres. Fernandez a month ago by his colleague Alberto Nisman, found dead on Jan 18.
    (Reuters, 2/14/15)

2015        Feb 14, In Argentina top government officials rallied behind President Cristina Fernandez after a state prosecutor said he would keep investigating accusations that she tried to cover up Iran's alleged involvement in a 1994 bombing.
    (Reuters, 2/14/15)

2015        Feb 18, In Argentina some 400,000 people marched in silence to the presidential palace in Buenos Aires to protest the Jan 18 death of prosecutor Alberto Nisman.
    (Econ., 2/21/15, p.35)

2015        Feb 24, Argentine spy Antonio Stiuso, at the center of a scandal over last month's death of a state prosecutor, was accused of importing tons of contraband merchandise during his final years as head of the country's counterintelligence office.
    (Reuters, 2/25/15)

2015        Feb 26, An Argentine judge dismissed accusations that President Cristina Fernandez conspired to cover up Iran's alleged involvement in the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center. Argentina’s Chamber of Deputies passed a bill dissolving the Intelligence Secretariat and replacing it with a body called the Federal Intelligence Agency.
    (Reuters, 2/26/15)(AFP, 2/26/15)

2015        Mar 9, In northwest Argentina two helicopters carrying passengers filming a popular European reality show crashed in a remote area, killing 8 French citizens and two Argentine pilots.
    (AP, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 26, Argentina announced a new 100-peso note honoring the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo. Today 100 pesos buys $11 at the official exchange rate.
    (Econ., 4/11/15, p.68)

2015        Mar 31, In Argentina transportation unions brought the country to a standstill with a one-day nationwide strike to protest income tax rates and high inflation.
    (AP, 3/31/15)

2015        Apr 9, Argentina declassified files relating to the 1992 bombing outside the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires that left 29 dead and 200 wounded.
    (AFP, 4/9/15)
2015        Apr 9, Argentina and Britain’s longstanding dispute over the Falklands escalated as Buenos Aires took legal action against companies exploring for oil off the islands and the countries summoned each other's ambassadors for a dressing-down.
    (AFP, 4/9/15)

2015        Apr 10, An Argentine judge issued an arrest warrant for Justin Bieber, saying the singer failed to respond to summons related to allegations he ordered bodyguards to attack a photographer in 2013.
    (AP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 25, Some airlines cancelled flights to the capitals of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay as ash from the Chilean volcano Calbuco, which erupted without warning this week, reached as far as southern Brazil.
    (Reuters, 4/25/15)

2015        May 27, Swiss police detained seven FIFA leaders in a dawn raid as part of a twin corruption inquiry that rocked world football's governing body two days before its leader Sepp Blatter seeks a new term. 14 people were indicted in a separate US graft probe. Three Argentine officials were included in the US indictment.
    (AFP, 5/27/15)(SSFC, 5/31/15, p.A4)(Econ, 5/30/15, p.14)

2015        Jun 9, In Argentina transportation unions began a national strike to demand the government lower their income tax rates to offset inflation they say is eroding their earnings. Private economists have estimated inflation at around 35 percent.
    (AP, 6/9/15)

2015        Jun 27, Argentina said Lilian Herraez, a federal judge in Tierra del Fuego, has ordered the seizure of assets of oil drilling companies operating in the Falklands Islands, including property held by US firm Noble Energy.
    (Reuters, 6/28/15)

2015        Jul 19, Argentina's conservative opposition party was expected to win today’s mayoral run-off election in Buenos Aires, retaining its power in the capital ahead of presidential voting later this year.
    (AP, 7/19/15)

2015        Aug 9, Argentines voted in presidential primaries seen as an early indicator of who is best positioned to succeed President Cristina Kirchner later this year. Daniel Scioli, the president's chosen successor, easily won the open primaries.
    (AFP, 8/9/15)(AP, 8/10/15)

2015        Sep 16, In Argentina the government of Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner issued an executive order overriding the extradition of Kurt Frederick Sonnenfeld to the US. The Argentina Supreme Court had approved the extradition in December. Sonnenfeld claims prosecutors framed him for his wife's 2002 death to silence him. He also claimed to have video footage indicating the government knew the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks would happen.
    (AP, 11/19/15)

2015        Oct 13, In Argentina Diana Sacayan (40), a prominent transgender activist, was found tied up and stabbed to death in Buenos Aires. This was the third violent transgender death in the country in the past month.

2015        Oct 17, In Argentina a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck the northwest, leaving at least one person dead and damaging homes in the Salta region.
    (Reuters, 10/17/15)

2015        Oct 25, Argentina held presidential elections. Mauricio Macri dealt a major blow to the ruling Front for Victory in the first round, winning 34.3 percent of the vote, slightly less than Daniel Scioli of the ruling party at 36.9 percent.
    (AP, 10/2515)(Reuters, 10/2615)

2015        Oct, In Argentina the provincial police chief of Santa Fe was sentenced to six years in prison for his involvement in drug trafficking.
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.35)

2015        Nov 22, Argentina held a run-off election. The center-right opposition coalition Cambiemos (Let’s Change), led by candidate Mauricio Macri (56), the favored candidate of big businesses and foreign investors, beat leftist rival Daniel Scioli by less than three percentage points, ending years of rule by the populist Peronist movement.
    (Econ, 10/24/15, p.33)(Reuters, 11/22/15)(AFP, 11/23/15)

2015        Nov 23, Argentina's President-Elect, Mauricio Macri, said he would seek Venezuela's suspension from South America's Mercosur trade bloc because of accusations of rights abuses committed by Pres. Maduro's socialist government.
    (Reuters, 11/23/15)

2015        Nov 30, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner signed a decree boosting government spending by 133 billion pesos ($13.7 billion).
    (Econ, 12/12/15, p.37)

2015        Dec 10, Argentine President Mauricio Macri was sworn in, inheriting myriad economic problems from the often-divisive outgoing President Cristina Fernandez. Inflation was about 30% and the budget deficit was 5.4% of GDP.
    (AP, 12/10/15)(Econ, 11/28/15, p.31)(Econ, 3/18/17, p.32)

2015        Dec 12, In western Argentina at least 2 people were killed when a helicopter being used by film crew with the American television channel MTV crashed into a lake.
    (AFP, 12/12/15)

2015        Dec 14, In northern Argentina 43 police officers died and several more were injured when their bus drove off a bridge, plunging into a dry riverbed.
    (AFP, 12/14/15)(SFC, 12/15/15, p.A3)

2015        Dec 17, Argentina's currency sharply devalued against the US dollar as the new administration lifted deeply unpopular limits on the buying of foreign currencies.
    (AP, 12/17/15)

2015        Dec 23, Argentina's new government fired the country's chief media regulator, saying the head of the AFSCA television and radio watchdog commission was openly acting against the country's new center-right President Mauricio Macri.
    (Reuters, 12/23/15)

2015        Dec 24, Argentina authorities said that 10,000 people were evacuated in Entre Rios province after rains swelled the Uruguay River to its highest level in nearly a century. Flooding caused by heavy rains also has led to the evacuation of an estimated 100,000 people in Paraguay and more than 4,000 in Uruguay.
    (AP, 12/24/15)

2015        In Argentina the government of Pres. Cristina Fernandez Kirchner signed a $1 billion agreement to buy Chinese fighter jets and ocean-going patrol vessels. Pres. Kirchner also approved a deal giving the Chinese the right to build a satellite tracking station in Argentina.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.28)

2016        Jan 13, FIFA fined Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay for anti-gay chants by their national team's fans.
    (AP, 1/13/16)

2016        Jan 16, In Argentina social activist Milagro Sala was arrested. She was accused of inciting criminal acts linked to a protest against authorities.
    (SSFC, 7/30/17, p.A4)

2016        Jan 22, Argentina's national electrical utility ENRE said a heat wave has led to power cuts in the capital and surrounding areas.
    (AP, 1/22/16)

2016        Jan 29, Argentina announced an end to subsidies on electricity bills, and officials said the move will save the government $4 billion this year.
    (AP, 1/29/16)

2016        Jan, In Argentina Pres. Mauricio Macri declared a “national emergency" and authorized the air force to shoot down aircraft suspected of flying drugs across the country.
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.36)

2016        Feb 2, Argentina’s new finance minister, Alfonso Prat-Gay, announced a deal with Italian bondholders worth $1.35 billion. The deal, represented 15% of the holdouts who rejected restructurings in 2005 and 2010, and still needed approval by Congress.
    (Econ, 2/6/16, p.65)

2016        Feb 18, A court-appointed mediator in New York said Argentina has reached a settlement with bondholders seeking more than $110 million of the $10 billion being pursued by investors. The deal was small compared with a $1.1 billion deal announced two weeks ago that resolved claims by two of the six largest bondholders.
    (AP, 2/18/16)

2016        Feb 25, In Argentina teachers extracted an agreement from the government for a 30% salary increase. Other unions were demanding pay raises at least as big.
    (Econ, 3/5/16, p.31)

2016        Feb 29, Argentina's new market-friendly government struck a $4.65-billion tentative deal with its main holdout creditors, ending a bitter 15-year battle and opening the door for the South American country to escape financial pariah status.
    (AFP, 2/29/16)

2016        Mar 23, President Barack Obama began a 2-day visit to Argentina. He praised new center-right President Mauricio Macri for the swift pace of reforms to create a stronger economy and said the US was ready to help the South American country.
    (Reuters, 3/23/16)

2016        Apr 8, In Argentina bus and train fares in Buenos Aires doubled as the country’s annual inflation rate approached 40%.
    (Econ, 4/16/16, p.27)

2016        Apr 29, Tens of thousands of Argentines marched in a noisy protest against job cuts imposed under President Mauricio Macri's economic reforms.
    (AFP, 4/29/16)

2016        May 1, Pacific Alliance members (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela) eliminated tariffs on 92% of their trade with each other and planned to phase out the rest over 17 years.
    (Econ, 5/14/16, p.26)

2016        May 13, Former Argentine Pres. Cristina Fernandez was charged with defrauding the state as part of her government’s handling of the dollar futures market.
    (SFC, 5/14/16, p.A2)

2016        May 27, Argentina's last dictator Reynaldo Bignone (88) and 14 other former military officials were sentenced to prison for human rights crimes, marking the first time a court has ruled that Operation Condor was a criminal conspiracy to kidnap and forcibly disappear people across international borders.
    (AP, 5/28/16)

2016        May, Argentina’s INDEC, the nation’s statistical office, launched a new inflation index following directions from Pres. Mauricio Macri.
    (Econ 5/27/17, p.34)

2016        Jun 14, In Argentina Jose Lopez, a former public works secretary under former Pres. Cristina Fernandez, was arrested after he was discovered tossing bags containing watches and $9 million in three currencies onto the grounds of a monastery.
    (SSFC, 6/19/16, p.A4)(Econ, 7/30/16, p.28)

2016        Jun 24, Brazil’s acting Pres. Michel Temer renewed a bilateral automotive arrangement with Argentina for four years.
    (Econ, 7/2/16, p.29)

2016        Jul 20, Paleontologists reported the naming of Murusraptor barrosaensis, a new species of megaraptorid dinosaur discovered in 2001 in Argentina’s northwestern Patagonia. It was found in rock dating back 80 million years.

2016        Aug 4, In Argentina pot banging protests took place across the country as higher energy bills landed in consumer post boxes.
    (Econ, 8/13/16, p.23)
    (AP, 1/17/17)

2016        Aug 25, In Argentina more than 20,000 residents of Rosario, population 1.3 million, marched through the streets demanding action on the city’s rise in murders, nearly triple the national average.
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.35)

2016        Sep 3, Argentina's richest man according to Forbes, energy mogul Carlos Bulgheroni (71), died in the United States, where he was hospitalized following a surgical procedure in June. Bulgheroni, along with his brother Alejandro, owned Pan American Energy, Argentina's second-biggest oil company, behind state-run YPF.
    (Reuters, 9/3/16)

2016        Sep 9, In Argentina former intelligence agent Francisco Gomez was sentenced to 12 years in prison for crimes against humanity. In 1978 Gomez kidnapped newborn Guillermo Perez and raised him as his own while the boy’s parents languished in jail. Former Air Force chief Omar Graffigna and ex-Buenos Aires province intelligence chief Louis Tomas Trillo were sentenced to 25 years in prison for the 1978 abduction and forced disappearance of the parents.
    (SSFC, 9/11/16, p.A7)

2016        Sep 10, Scientists in Argentina uncovered a meteorite they called Gancedo in "Campo del Cielo" (Field of Heaven) on the border between Chaco and Santiago del Estero. It was thought to have hit the region about 4,500 years ago.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gancedo_(meteorite))(Reuters, 9/16/16)

2016        Oct 8, In Argentina Lucia Perez (16) was forced to consume cocaine, before being raped and impaled in Mar La Plata. On Oct 19 thousands of protesters rallied across the country to support women’s rights and against her brutal killing.
    (SSFC, 10/23/16, p.A10)(Econ, 11/5/16, p.30)

2016        Oct 23, Police in Argentina found the body of Claudia Arias (31) in Mendoza, alongside the corpses of her aunt and grandmother. The women had been beaten and stabbed to death. Two of Claudia’s three children were wounded. Ex-partner Daniel Zalazar was soon arrested on suspicion of murder.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.30)

2016        Nov 17, Argentina's Congress passed a law to ban greyhound racing in a bid to reduce the risk of animal cruelty in the South American country.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, Argentina extradited suspected Colombian drug boss Henry Lopez Londono (45) to the United States to face cocaine trafficking charges. The leader of the "Urabenos" gang was arrested on the outskirts of Buenos Aires in 2012.
    (AP, 11/17/16)

2016        Nov, In Argentina police arrested Rev. Nicola Corradi (82), Rev. Horacio Corbacho (55) and three other men following a raid at the Antonio Provolo Institute for hearing impaired children in Mendoza province. Police and found magazines featuring naked women and about $34,000 in Corradi's room. At least 24 students of the institute had come forward seeking justice for the abuse they say they suffered at the hands of the five men.
    (AP, 12/23/16)

2016        Dec 26, Argentine President Mauricio Macri sacked his finance minister Alfonso Prat-Gay, shaking up his economic team amid a stubborn recession that has made his center-right reforms deeply unpopular.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 27, In Argentina former Pres. Cristina Fernandez was indicted in a corruption case involving public works. Two aides and businessman Lazaro Baez were also named.
    (SFC, 12/28/16, p.A4)

2017        Jan 5, Argentine firefighters struggled to control a series of wildfires that have devastated nearly one million hectares (2.5 million acres) of the country's famous pampas. The largest was started by a lightning strike on New Year's weekend and was now 10 km across.
    (AFP, 1/5/17)

2017        Jan 10, Argentina said it has struck a deal with labor unions and energy companies aimed at attracting investment to the Vaca Muerta shale deposit in southwestern Neuquen province, one of the world's biggest unconventional hydrocarbons deposits.
    (AP, 1/10/17)   

2017        Jan 30, Argentina changed its immigration law to make it easier to deport foreigners who commit crimes and to prohibit individuals with criminal records from entering the country.
    (Reuters, 1/30/17)

2017        Feb 18, In Argentina a passenger bus has flipped over on an Andean highway, killing 19 of the 42 people aboard.
    (AP, 2/18/17)

2017        Mar 7, In Argentina thousands of banner-waving trade unionists marched through Buenos Aires to protest job losses and inflation.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.32)

2017        Mar 23, In Argentina a judge ordered former president Cristina Kirchner (64) to stand trial on charges of financial mismanagement.
    (AFP, 3/23/17)

2017        Mar 30, In Argentina port workers in Greater Rosario suspended plans for a 24-hour strike after a truck driver ran over and killed a protester.
    (Reuters, 3/30/17)

2017        Apr 6, Protesters in Argentina clashed with police during marches over government austerity measures as labor unions challenged President Mauricio Macri in the first general strike since he took office 16 months ago.
    (Reuters, 4/6/17)

2017        Apr 26, Farmers in Argentina gave away truckloads of vegetables in central Buenos Aires for a 2nd time this week in a protest over low prices for their produce that also highlighted the growing ranks of poor in the country.
    (AFP, 4/27/17)

2017        May 10, In Argentina the coalition government of Pres. Mauricio Macri joined with the opposition to pass a law stating that the country’s two-for-one law should not apply to crimes against humanity. Argentina’s two-for-one law said the time a person spends in prison before a conviction should count double toward the sentencing total.
    (Econ 5/13/17, p.32)

2017        Jun 19, Argentina sold $2.75 billion worth of dollar denominated, 100-year bonds to investors with a yield on the bonds at almost 8%. This was despite having defaulted on its debts six times in the past century.
    (Econ 6/24/17, p.69)(Econ, 8/26/17, p.8)

2017        Jul 28, In Argentina the Buenos Aires Herald, the capital’s only English-language newspaper, published its final edition. It had been founded 141 years earlier by William Cathcart of Scotland.

2017        Aug 1, In Argentina tatoo artist Santiago Maldonado (28) went missing when security forces were evicting a group of Mapuche Indians from lands in Patagonia owned by Italian clothing company Benetton in Chubut province.
    (AP, 8/8/17)(Econ, 9/9/17, p.33)

2017        Sep 1, In Argentina tens of thousands demonstrated in cities across the country holding photos of missing indigenous rights activist Santiago Maldonado. He was detained by state forces on August 1 after joining in a protest march by the Mapuche indigenous group.
    (AP, 9/2/17)

2017        Oct 17, In Argentina the body of indigenous rights activist Santiago Maldonado (28), last seen on Aug. 1 being detained by paramilitary police, was found entangled in roots in the bed of a river that traverses ancestral lands sold to Italian businessman Luciano Benetton but is claimed by the Mapuche.
    (AFP, 10/28/17)

2017        Oct 22, Argentines voted in a mid-term election that could allow business-friendly President Mauricio Macri to sweep the country's "Big Five" voting districts, neutering the opposition and advancing his chances of being re-elected in 2019.
    (Reuters, 10/22/17)

2017        Oct 23, Argentina's President Mauricio Macri pledged to press ahead with an austerity drive in Latin America's third-largest economy, following a sweeping victory in mid-term elections.
    (AFP, 10/23/17)

2017        Oct 31, In Argentina a strike by workers of its two largest airlines caused the cancellation of dozens of flights and the grounding of tens of thousands of passengers. Unions representing state-run carrier Aerolineas Argentinas and sister company Austral Lineas Aereas demanded a 26 percent salary hike in line with the inflation rate.
    (AP, 10/31/17)

2017        Nov 3, In Argentina Amado Boudou (55), a former economy minister and vice president under President Cristina Fernandez, was arrested on corruption charges, becoming the second major official in her government to face detention. Boudou and an alleged associate, Jose Maria Nunez Carmona, were arrested in an upscale neighborhood of Buenos Aires for racketeering and money laundering.
    (Reuters, 11/3/17)

2017        Nov 14, In NYC former Argentine marketing executive Alejandro Burzaco told a jury that soccer official Julio Grondona (d.2014) claimed in several conversations that he was owed millions of dollars for his 2010 vote as a member of FIFA's executive committee that helped Qatar land the soccer's most prestigious tournament.
    (AP, 11/15/17)

2017        Nov 15, Argentina lost communications with the submarine ARA San Juan, a German-built diesel-electric vessel with 44 crewmembers aboard.
    (AP, 11/17/17)

2017        Nov 24, In Argentina a judge said indigenous rights activist Santiago Maldonado (27), found dead October 17 in an Argentinian river 78 days after he went missing on August 1, died by drowning.
    (AP, 11/25/17)
2017        Nov 24, Argentina authorized the use of genetically modified soybean seeds resistant to herbicides other than glyphosate, as the European Union (EU) debates whether to extend the license of weed-killers containing the ingredient.
    (Reuters, 11/25/17)

2017        Nov 29, An Argentine court sentenced 48 former military personnel to prison for involvement in so-called "death flights" and other crimes committed at a notorious torture center when a junta ruled the country (1976-1983).
    (AP, 11/30/17)

2017        Nov, Argentina began experiencing a serious drought. In 2018 grain exports were expected to be cut by up to $3.4 billion.
    (SFC, 4/4/18, p.A2)

2017        Dec 5, It was reported that an Argentine judge has ordered the arrest of Paraguay midfielder Jonathan Fabbro for alleged sexual assault of an underage girl.
    (AP, 12/5/17)

2017        Dec 14, Argentine police in Buenos Aires clashed with demonstrators protesting reforms to the retirement and pension system.
    (SFC, 12/15/17, p.A2)

2017        Dec 16, It was reported that Argentina has fired the head of its navy a month after a submarine disappeared in the South Atlantic with 44 crew members onboard. The ARA San Juan submarine has not been located and is thought to have exploded.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)

2017        Dec 18, In Argentina demonstrators gathered in Buenos Aires and the country's main union called a 24-hour general strike to protest a hotly debated pension reform measure.
    (Reuters, 12/18/17)

2017        Dec 19, Argentina's Congress passed a reform to the pension system early today, after days of demonstrations by the bill's opponents and violent clashes between protesters and police gripped the South American country.
    (Reuters, 12/19/17)

2017        Dec 27, In Argentina an explosion at a grains terminal owned by China's COFCO International killed one employee, injured others and affected shipping activities from one of the world's top food suppliers.
    (Reuters, 12/27/17)

2018        Jan 12,  An Argentine court freed former Vice President Amado Boudou from prison where he had been held since early November after being arrested on corruption charges. He remained under investigation for alleged money laundering and illicit association.
    (AP, 1/12/18)

2018        Feb 2, Toronto-based Yamana Gold said that an accident at its Gualcamayo mine in Argentina resulted in two fatalities.
    (Reuters, 2/2/18)

2018        Feb 22, Argentina's security minister announced that 389 kg (856 pounds) of cocaine were discovered in luggage in 2016 and that agents swapped the cocaine for flour. The luggage was tracked in a 2017 shipment to Moscow and three people were arrested there. Two Russian-Argentine citizens were arrested on Feb. 21.
    (AP, 2/23/18)

2018        Mar 1, In Germany police arrested Russian businessman Andrei Kovalchuk (49), accused of smuggling nearly 400 kg of cocaine from Argentina into Russia.
    (AP, 3/2/18)

2018        Mar 22, US Pres. Donald Trump authorized initial exemptions for the EU, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, Canada and Mexico from looming steel and aluminum tariffs.
    (AP, 3/23/18)

2018        Apr 20, Bolivian Foreign Minister Fernando Huanacuni said that Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru had decided to temporarily leave the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), given differences over choosing the secretary general of the group. UNASUR was promoted by late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Surinam, Uruguay and Venezuela remained in the bloc.
    (AP, 4/20/18)

2018        May 4, Argentina's central bank hiked its benchmark interest rate to 40 percent to support the peso after it plunged in value the day before.
    (AFP, 5/4/18)

2018        May 25, Thousands of Argentines protested the government's bid to secure a credit line from the International Monetary Fund, which they blame for hardship during a past financial crisis.
    (Reuters, 5/26/18)

2018        May 31, Argentine President Mauricio Macri vetoed a bill passed in the early morning hours by the Senate that would freeze energy and water prices, as political tensions deepen in the economically ailing country.
    (Reuters, 5/31/18)

2018        Jun 6, Argentina called off a World Cup warmup match against Israel after protests by pro-Palestinian groups, claiming the safety of the players was at stake.
    (AP, 6/6/18)

2018        Jun 14, The lower house of Argentina's congress approved a bill (129 to 125) that would legalize elective abortion in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy, sending the measure to the Senate, where it faces an uphill battle to become law. President Mauricio Macri has said he will sign the bill if it's approved.
    (AFP, 6/14/18)

2018        Jun 22, Argentina received $15 billion, the first tranche of a $50 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund to help stabilize its fragile economy.
    (AFP, 6/22/18)

2018        Jun 25, Argentina's unions paralyzed the country with a 24-hour strike in protest at the government's latest deal with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AFP, 6/25/18)

2018        Jun 26, Argentina's center-right government sacked more than a third of the employees of state news agency Telam in a restructuring of the company while blasting its use as a political tool by the previous leftist administration of Cristina Kirchner. The agency's journalists went on indefinite strike, denouncing the "ideological cleansing" of workers who joined the agency under previous leftist governments.
    (AFP, 6/27/18)

2018        Jul 11, The Spanish fishing vessel Dornera sank off Argentina leaving one person dead and one missing. The Argentine Navy said 25 crew members have been rescued.
    (AFP, 7/11/18)

2018        Aug 7, In Argentina a court in Buenos Aires sentenced former VP Amado Boudou (55) to five years and ten months in prison for bribery and conducting business incompatible with public office. Boudou denied any wrongdoing.
    (SFC, 8/8/18, p.A2)

2018        Aug 9, Argentina's Senate rejected a bill to legalize elective abortion, a defeat for a grassroots movement that came closer than ever to achieving the decriminalization of the procedure in the homeland of Pope Francis. Lawmakers debated for more than 15 hours and voted 38-31 against the measure that would have legalized abortion in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy.
    (AP, 8/9/18)

2018        Aug 18, Hundreds of people gathered in Buenos Aires to oppose the influence of religion on Argentine politics and encourage people to quit the Roman Catholic Church in the wake of a Senate vote not to legalize some abortions.
    (AP, 8/19/18)

2018        Aug 20, In Argentina Maria Isabel Chorobik de Mariani (94), a founder of the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, died near Buenos Aires. The group had formed in 1977 to search for hundreds of babies stolen from their parents under the military dictatorship that ruled from 1976-1983.
    (SSFC, 8/26/18, p.C9)

2018        Aug 30, Argentina's Central Bank announced it has raised its benchmark interest rate from 45 to 60 percent in a bid to arrest a slide in the value of its currency.
    (AFP, 8/30/18)

2018        Sep 3, Argentina's Pres. Mauricio Macri announced new taxes on exports and the elimination of several ministries in a bid to halt economic turmoil.
    (SFC, 9/4/18, p.A2)

2018        Sep 25, The president of Argentina's central bank, Luis Caputo, abruptly resigned after just a few months in the position, amid a volatile economic crisis as a 24-hour general strike paralyzed the country.
    (AFP, 9/25/18)

2018        Oct 7, In southern California SpaceX launched a commercial satellite for Argentina from Vandenberg Air Force Base. This was the 17th mission this year for Elon Musk's rocket company.
    (SFC, 10/9/18, p.A4D4)

2018        Oct 14, In Argentina Patrick Baumann (51) of Switzerland, the secretary general of basketball's world governing body, died of a heart attack at the Youth Olympics. Baumann was the top administrator of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) for 15 years, and an International Olympic Committee (IOC) member since 2007.
    (AP, 10/14/18)

2018        Oct 25, Argentina's lower house approved a 2019 budget bill that includes austerity measures demanded by the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 10/25/18)

2018        Nov 2, Argentina's National University of La Matanza revealed that a team of Spanish and Argentine paleontologists have discovered the remains of a dinosaur that lived 110 million years ago in the center of the country. The new species from the herbivorous group of sauropods has been named Lavocatisaurus agrioensis.
    (AP, 11/3/18)

2018        Nov 17, The Argentine Navy announced that a submarine that went missing Nov. 15, 2017, off the country's Atlantic Coast has been found by a private company, marine tracking contractor Ocean Infinity, involved in what had been a massive search for the vessel and its 44-member crew. It was found "imploded" 907 meters (2,975 feet) below the ocean surface.
    (Reuters, 11/17/18)

2018        Nov 26, Human Rights Watch asked Argentina to use a war crimes clause in its constitution to investigate any involvement by Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in possible crimes against humanity in Yemen and Khashoggi's murder.
    (Reuters, 11/28/18)

2018        Nov 28, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman landed in Buenos Aires for the G20 summit of industrialized nations.
    (Reuters, 11/28/18)

2018        Nov 30, In Argentina thousands of demonstrators gathered in Buenos Aires to march against the G20's economic policies as the world's leading industrialized nations opened their annual summit in the Argentine capital.
    (Reuters, 11/30/18)
2018        Nov 30, In Argentina Russian President Vladimir Putin reportedly briefed his US counterpart Donald Trump on the Ukraine crisis as the leaders met briefly at a G20 summit dinner.
    (AFP, 12/2/18)

2018        Dec 1, In Argentina European officials said that G20 nations had agreed to commit to reforming the World Trade Organization in a preliminary draft of the communique due to be released at the end of a two-day meeting of the bloc. G20 leaders of the world's largest economic powers agreed to overhaul the global body that regulates trade disputes, but they faced resistance from President Donald Trump over the Paris accord on climate change.
    (Reuters, 12/1/18)(AP, 12/2/18)
2018        Dec 1, In Argentina Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan demanded that Saudi Arabia extradite suspects in the killing in Istanbul of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, taking to task the kingdom's crown prince who was basking in his quick return to the world stage at the G20.
    (AFP, 12/1/18)
2018        Dec 1, In Argentina President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping agreed to halt additional tariffs in a deal that keeps their trade war from escalating as the two sides try again to bridge their differences with fresh talks aimed at reaching an agreement within 90 days.
    (Reuters, 12/2/18)

2018        Dec 11, In Argentina a court sentenced former Ford Motor Co. executives Pedro Muller and Hector Francisco Sibilla to prison for crimes against humanity committed during the country's 1976-1983 military dictatorship.
    (SFC, 12/12/18, p.A2)

2018        Dec 12, Argentina's foreign minister said his crisis-ridden country desperately needed international investment, as he began a two-day visit to one of the world's richest nations, Qatar.
    (AFP, 12/12/18)

2018        Dec 21, Europol said that police in Spain, Italy and Argentina took part in an operation that broke up an international cocaine-trafficking gang. Almost 50 suspects were arrested.
    (AP, 12/21/18)

2018        Dec 26, Argentine police said an Argentine woman kidnapped 32 years ago as a teenager has been found alive and well in Bolivia following a joint investigation between the two countries. Police liberated the woman (45) and her son.
    (AFP, 12/26/18)

2019        Jan 13, It was reported that at least 26 people have died from hantavirus in the Patagonia region of Argentina since December. A judge has ordered 85 residents of Epuyen, a town of 3,000 where nine people have died, to remain in their homes for at least 30 days to help halt the outbreak.
    (SSFC, 1/13/19, p.A4)

2019        Jan 16, Brazil's far-right President Jair Bolsonaro and Argentina's President Mauricio Macri said after their first meeting that they agreed on their opposition to Venezuela's authoritarian government.
    (Reuters, 1/16/19)

2019        Jan 24, The active search for the plane carrying Argentine soccer player Emiliano Sala was called off with authorities saying the chances of survival are "extremely remote" three days after it disappeared from radar over the English Channel.
    (AP, 1/24/19)

2019        Jan 26, In Argentina the bodies of Pirhya Sarussi (63) of Israel and Australian scientist Lily Pereg (54) were found on a lot beside the home of Gilad Pereg near the city of Mendoza. Pereg (36), the son of Sarussi, was arrested. The two sisters had vanished about two weeks ago.
    (AP, 1/27/19)

2019        Feb 13, In Argentina tens of thousands of demonstrators blocked major roads in Buenos Aires as they marched to protest high unemployment and the policies of center-right leader Mauricio Macri, including cuts to public utility subsidies.
    (Reuters, 2/13/19)

2019        Feb 25, In Argentina several assailants entered the Buenos Aires home of Rabbi Gabriel Davidovich and beat him, identifying him as the chief rabbi of the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association, one of the country's most prominent Jewish groups.
    (AP, 2/26/19)

2019        Mar 1, Argentine Pres. Mauricio Macri announced a 46 percent increase in subsidies for poor families with children, the only new initiative included in his State of the Union address.
    (Reuters, 3/1/19)

2019        Mar 22, In Chile a group of South American presidents formed Prosur, a new regional bloc to replace Unasur, founded in 2008. The new bloc included Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru.
    (SSFC, 3/24/19, p.A4)

2019        Apr 4, Argentine unions, small firms and activists took to the streets in central Buenos Aires to protest austerity measures under President Mauricio Macri, which they blame for amplifying hardships for workers and sapping economic growth.
    (Reuters, 4/4/19)

2019        Apr 12, Argentina reiterated its support for Venezuela's opposition leader by issuing diplomatic credentials to a new delegate and officially announcing its withdrawal from the regional UNASUR bloc, which has been criticized over its lack of action on Venezuela.
    (Reuters, 4/12/19)

2019        May 9, In Argentina civil servant Marcelo Yadon (58) was shot five times at close range as he walked in a square in front of the National Congress this morning with his childhood friend and lawmaker Hector Olivares )61). Two men were arrested the next day on suspicion of murder. Press reports later claimed the motive was related to a relationship between Yadon, who was married with children, and the 24-year-old daughter of one of the shooters.
    (AP, 5/10/19)

2019        May 12, The ruling coalition of Argentine President Mauricio Macri suffered a heavy defeat in elections held in Cordoba province, the country's second most populous district.
    (AP, 5/13/19)
2019        May 12, Argentine legislator Héctor Olivares died three days after being seriously wounded in a gun attack that killed a provincial official near the country's congressional building in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 5/12/19)

2019        May 18, Former Argentine president Cristina Kirchner (66) made the surprise announcement that she will seek the vice presidency as running mate to former cabinet chief Alberto Fernandez (60).
    (AP, 5/19/19)

2019        May 20, Argentine officers fired shots that led to the deaths of three teenagers and a young man in a car chase. Authorities soon removed 13 officers from the force and detained seven of them pending an investigation. The case caused a public uproar that prompted hundreds to stage a march "against the trigger-happy" in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 5/24/19)

2019        May 24, In Argentina hundreds of people staged a march in Buenos Aires against "trigger-happy" police.
    (SSFC, 5/26/19, p.A4)

2019        May 29, A nationwide strike in Argentina protesting austerity measures under President Mauricio Macri brought the country's airports to a standstill and halted work at key grains ports, the latest sign of tension in the recession-hit nation.
    (Reuters, 5/29/19)

2019        Jun 12, In Argentina a court sentenced former government minister Jose Lopez (58) to six years in prison after he was caught by police trying to hide bags stuffed with $9 million in cash at a Buenos Aires convent.
    (AFP, 6/12/19)

2019        Jun 16, Argentina and Uruguay were working frantically to return power, after a massive power failure left large swaths of the South American countries in the dark.
    (AP, 6/16/19)

2019        Jun 26, Scientists from Argentina and Brazil said the fossil remains of Vespersaurus paranaensis, a desert-based carnivorous dinosaur that used claws to capture small prey 90 million years ago, has been unearthed in Cruzeiro do Oeste municipality of southern Brazil's Parana state.
    (AP, 6/26/19)

2019        Jun 28, The EU signed a historic trade agreement with the four-nation South American bloc known as Mercosur. The agreement creates a market of 780 million people with the EU.
    (AFP, 6/29/19)

2019        Jun 30, Argentine cartoonist Guillermo Mordillo (86), who inspired much laughter and reflection with his illustrations of round-nosed and plumpish characters, died on the Spanish island of Mallorca.
    (AP, 7/2/19)

2019        Jul 2, France said it was "not ready" to ratify a huge trade deal agreed by the European Union and the four South American countries of Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay), as farmers and environmentalists step up their resistance to the accord.
    (AFP, 7/2/19)

2019        Jul 18, Argentinian authorities designated Hezbollah, which it blames for two attacks on its soil, a terrorist organization and ordered the freezing of the Lebanese Islamist group's assets in the country.
    (Reuters, 7/18/19)

2019        Aug 11, Argentina held a primary election, known locally as the PASO. It served as the first concrete measure of voter sentiment after a slew of opinion polls showed a narrow margin between President Mauricio Macri and main challenger Alberto Fernandez. Opposition candidate Alberto Fernandez, whose running mate is former president Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, won by a wider-than-expected 15.5 percentage points with 47.65% of votes, with 99% of ballots counted.
    (Reuters, 8/11/19)(Reuters, 8/12/19)

2019        Aug 12, Argentine bonds fell in London trading and further volatility loomed after voters soundly rejected President Mauricio Macri's austere economic policies in primary elections, casting doubt on his chances of re-election in October. Argentine stocks collapsed. The central bank raised interest rates to 74% to stop the fall of the peso.
    (AP, 8/12/19)(Econ, 8/27/19, p.24)

2019        Aug 14, Argentine President Mauricio Macri said he would increase welfare subsidies and lower workers' income taxes as part of a package of measures aimed at lessening the impact of the country's economic crisis. The embattled center-right leader was soundly beaten by his main Peronist challenger Alberto Fernandez in the Aug. 12 primary election.
    (Reuters, 8/14/19)

2019        Sep 2, Argentina's international bonds fell to record lows and its peso got slapped down again after President Mauricio Macri imposed capital controls a day earlier after announcing the government would "re-profile" its debt by extending maturities.
    (Reuters, 9/2/19)

2019        Sep 10, It was reported that Argentina has burned through $15 billion in foreign reserves over the last month to stabilize the peso, which crashed along with the country's bonds after a sharp electoral defeat for market-friendly president Mauricio Macri.
    (Reuters, 9/10/19)

2019        Aug 17, Argentina's Treasury Minister Nicolas Dujovne resigned. This came three days after Pres. Mauricio Macri announced a temporary increase in the minimum wage, a reduction of payroll taxes and other steps to help workers as the country struggles to overcome high inflation and other economic problems.
    (SFC, 8/19/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 2, The Museum of the Holocaust in Argentina’s capital took custody of the largest collection of Nazi artifacts discovered in the country’s history.
    (AP, 10/2/19)

2019        Oct 24, Argentina gave the go-ahead to Amazon.com Inc's Web Services division AWS to build an $800-million data facility in Buenos Aires, which would mark a massive investment for the company in South America.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)

2019        Oct 25, Argentina's central bank kept selling dollars in defense of the beleaguered peso, with concerns rising about the bank's falling reserves ahead of the Oct. 27 presidential election dreaded by the financial markets.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)

2019        Oct 27, Argentines headed to the polls, after a year of twists and turns in a dramatic election race that has been chastening for conservative President Mauricio Macri, who trails well behind Peronist rival Alberto Fernandez in opinion polls. Alberto Fernandez, an hour after his election win, called for Brazil’s left-wing legend Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva to be freed from prison.
    (Reuters, 10/27/19)(AP, 10/28/19)

2019        Oct 29, Argentine diplomat Rafael Mariano Grossi (58) was chosen to head the United Nations' nuclear watchdog, succeeding the late Yukiya Amano.
    (AP, 10/29/19)

2019        Nov 9, Argentine President-elect Alberto Fernandez joined the inaugural meeting of the so-called Puebla Group in Buenos Aires, a conference of left-leaning regional political leaders.
    (Reuters, 11/9/19)

2019        Nov 21, An Argentine criminal prosecutor requested the arrest of Vatican-based Catholic Bishop Gustavo Zanchetta after officials said he ignored repeated calls and emails about an investigation of sex abuse allegations against him.
    (Reuters, 11/21/19)

2019        Dec 2, US President Donald Trump said he would restore tariffs on US steel and aluminum imports from Brazil and Argentina, surprising officials in the two South American countries who sought explanations.
    (Reuters, 12/2/19)

2019        Dec 4, Loss-making budget airline Norwegian Air said it is selling its Argentinian subsidiary Norwegian Air Argentina (NAA) to JetSMART Airlines for an undisclosed sum.
    (Reuters, 12/4/19)

2019        Dec 10, Argentina's Peronist leader, Alberto Fernandez, was sworn in as president, marking a shift to the left for Latin America's No. 3 economy as the country fights rampant inflation, credit default fears and rising poverty.
    (Reuters, 12/10/19)

2019        Dec 12, Argentine Foreign Minister Felipe Sola said Bolivian ex-president Evo Morales has arrived in Argentina where he will be granted refugee status.
    (Reuters, 12/12/19)

2019        Dec 14, In Argentina Matthew Charles Gibbard (50), a British millionaire property magnate, was shot dead outside a five star hotel after being held up by armed robbers shortly after his arrival in the country. His stepson, Stefan Zone, 28, was shot in the thigh. The perpetrators escaped after the attack.
    (AP, 12/15/19)

2019        Dec, Argentina imposed an annual tax of up to 2.25% on worldwide assets of citizens and residents.
    (Econ., 9/26/20, p.37)

2019        Argentina’s poverty climbed to 35% as compared to 27% in 2017.
    (Econ, 8/27/19, p.24)

2020        Feb 5, It was reported that Pope Francis has defrocked the Argentine priest, Roberto Juan Yannuzzi, after a four-year investigation determined he had sex with adults under his authority, absolved them of the sin during confession and otherwise abused his power. The pope’s decision was made public this week in a statement by the archbishop of La Plata, Argentina.
    (AP, 2/5/20)

2020        Feb 21, Jorge Todesca, (73), the man who restored the credibility of Argentina’s statistics after years of data manipulation, died. In 2011, Argentina’s commerce secretariat fined Todesca 500,000 pesos (about $120,000 at the time) for publishing his own inflation index due to the lack of credibility of official data. The fine was overturned in court.
    (Bloomberg, 2/21/20)

2020        Mar 7, Argentina's Ministry of Health said a 64-year-old man has died as a result of the new coronavirus, the first such death in Latin America.
    (AP, 3/7/20)

2020        Mar 9, Argentine farmers began a four-day strike to protest the government's hike on export taxes for soybeans and its byproducts, though shipments were not impacted in the major global food exporter.
    (Reuters, 3/9/20)

2020        Mar 12, Argentina's Pres. Alberto Fernandez shut down borders, business and transport by decree to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The central bank was printing money to keep the government going with inflation was already at 50%.
    (Econ, 4/25/20, p.23)

2020        Mar 20, Argentina went into full lockdown mode, with streets in Buenos Aires largely deserted, while workers and school kids in the capital logged on remotely to offices, classrooms and even digital dancing lessons, after a mandatory quarantine was imposed. Argentina has so far registered 128 confirmed cases of coronavirus, with three deaths.
    (Reuters, 3/20/20)

2020        Mar 27, It was reported that the supply of soybeans to Argentine crushing plants is down by half and falling, as municipalities citing health concerns defied a government order that they allow cargo trucks to get to the plants. Mayors of dozens of towns near the Rosario grains export hub have blocked ground transport as the country locks down against the coronavirus pandemic.
    (Reuters, 3/27/20)

2020        Apr 22,  The UN in a report said there was evidence of rising violence against women in Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia, and a doubling in the number of femicides in Argentina during the coronavirus-related quarantine.
    (NBC News, 4/27/20)

2020        Apr 25, Argentina said it is extending its nationwide lockdown by another two weeks until May 10 to contain the coronavirus outbreak.
    (Bloomberg, 4/26/20)

2020        May 4, Argentina's biggest bondholders reiterated that they would not accept the government's offer to restructure $65 billion of its foreign debt. The standoff raised the risk Argentina will fall into a record ninth sovereign debt default on May 22, when a grace period on a missed interest payment runs out.
    (Reuters, 5/4/20)

2020        May 5, Argentina confirmed that coronavirus cases have topped 5,000.
    (Reuters, 5/6/20)

2020        May 6, The Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) said it will loan Argentina $4 billion to help finance projects to combat the growing coronavirus impact.
    (Reuters, 5/6/20)

2020        May 11, Brazil's federal police arrested Gonzalo Sanchez (69), a former Argentine navy officer accused of dictatorship-era crimes against humanity and kidnapping. He had been on the run since 2005.
    (SFC, 5/14/19, p.A2)

2020        May 18, Paleontologists from the Argentine Museum of Natural Sciences said they have found the 70-million-year-old remains of a megaraptor, making it one of the last carnivorous dinosaurs to inhabit the earth. The discovery was made in the southern province of Santa Cruz in the middle of March this year.
    (Reuters, 5/19/20)

2020        May 21, It was reported that Argentina plans to help charter a private flight to bring in rabbis from Israel to certify meat at the country's packing plants for kosher markets around the world.
    (Reuters, 5/21/20)

2020        May 22, Argentina missed a bond payment technically entering default for the ninth time in its history. The government signaled that it was making progress in restructuring $66 billion in foreign debt.
    (SSFC, 5/24/20, p.A4)

2020        Jun 8, Argentina's intelligence agency said the previous administration of Pres. Mauricio Macri spied on more than 400 journalists who had applied for accreditation to cover summits of the WTO or G20 that were being scheduled in 2018 by the Macri administration.
    (SFC, 6/9/20, p.A2)

2020        Jun 9, Argentina confirmed more than 1,000 new cases as the rate of new infections continued to rise just days after it extended lockdown measures in the capital Buenos Aires.
    (Reuters, 6/10/20)

2020        Jun 13, It was reported that the percentage of Argentines in poverty is expected to reach as high as 45% this year as the coronavirus pandemic worsens. Argentina already faced a 50% rate of inflation, overwhelming debt and difficulty accessing credit.
    (SFC, 6/13/20, p.A2)

2020        Aug 4, Argentina reached a deal with creditors as the country recorded 166 COVID-19 deaths, a daily record.
    (Econ., 8/8/20, p.26)

2020        Aug 31, Argentina said it had restructured 99% of eligible bonds in its debt deal after almost all bondholders got on board, a major win for the country, which is mired in recession and default.
    (Reuters, 9/2/20)

2020        Aug, Argentina's Pres. Alberto Fernandez signend a law expanding the country's territory by 1.7m square km.
    (Econ., 10/10/20, p.30)

2020        Sep 13, Argentina recorded 9,056 confirmed COVID-19 cases testing indicated a positive rate of 50.4%, one of the highest in the world. The country has a total of 555,537 confirmed cases, the tenth-highest case load in the world, with 11,412 fatalities.
    (Reuters, 9/14/20)

2020        Sep 30, Argentine cartoonist Joaquin Lavado (b.1932), aka Quino, died in Mendoza. His Mafalda comic strip, featuring a mop-haired, rebellious girl (6), appeared for nine years (1964-1973).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quino)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.30)

2020        Oct 1, Argentina's coronavirus death toll leapt above 20,000 as a large number of previously untallied fatalities were added to the total, emphasizing how the country has gone from regional role model to one of the worst-hit in the world.
    (Reuters, 10/1/20)

2020        Oct 12, Argentina surpassed 900,000 cases of coronavirus, with strong growth of infections in large, populated centers in the interior of the country after months of the virus being concentrated in Buenos Aires and its suburbs.
    (Reuters, 10/13/20)

2020        Oct 19, Argentina passed 1 million coronavirus cases.
    (AP, 10/19/20)
2020        Oct 19, Governments began a two-week meeting in Buenos Aires of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.
    (Reuters, 10/19/20)

2020        Nov 13, Argentina's Pres. Alberto Fernandez issued a decree authorizing people to grow marijuana at home and allowing pharmacies to sell cannabis-derived oils, creams and other products. The decree also orders insurance systems to cover such medications for patients who obtain a prescription.
    (SFC, 11/14/20, p.A2)

2020        Nov 25, Diego Maradona (60), the Argentine soccer star with other worldly footwork, died of a heart attack in Tigre. He was ranked with Pelé among the best, and his ability to surprise and startle won over fans and even critics.
    (NY Times, 11/25/20)(Econ., 12/5/20, p.86)

2020        Nov 29, Argentine authorities searched the home and offices of Diego Maradona’s doctor as part of an investigation into the soccer star’s death last week.
    (NY Times, 11/29/20)

2020        Dec 14, Argentina said that it had now recorded 1.5 million cases of coronavirus, making it the ninth country in the world to reach the milestone. The Ministry of Health said there had been 1,503,222 people infected so far with COVID-19 and 41,041 deaths.
    (Reuters, 12/14/20)

2020        Dec 23, Russia's sovereign wealth fund said that the Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine, which it markets abroad, has been approved for use by Argentina's regulators.
    (Reuters, 12/23/20)

2020        Dec 29, Argentina's government released some 300,000 doses of the Russian-made Sputnik-5 vaccine to all 23 province and the city of Buenos Aires.
    (Econ., 1/2/21, p.23)

2020        Dec 30, Argentina's Senate voted to legalize abortion. The Senate backed the government proposal to allow terminations through the 14th week of pregnancy. The lower house had already approved it this month.
    (Reuters, 12/30/20)

2021        Jan 7, Argentina said it would restrict the movement of people in the country during night hours, in an attempt to slow the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic during the Southern Hemisphere summer vacation season.
    (Reuters, 1/7/21)

2021        Jan 28, A Russian court rejected opposition leader Alexei Navalny's appeal against his arrest while authorities detained several of his allies and issued warnings to social media companies after tens of thousands swarmed the streets in over 100 Russian cities last weekend demanding his release.
    (AP, 1/28/21)
2021        Jan 28, Russia dispatched 240,000 doses of its Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine, with most heading to Argentina and the rest bound for Bolivia.
    (Reuters, 1/28/21)

2021        Feb 8, Argentina said it has detected the first cases of two Brazilian variants of the coronavirus in travelers from the neighboring nation.
    (Reuters, 2/8/21)

2021        Feb 14, Argentine ex-President Carlos Menem (90) died after battling long-term health problems. He pushed Argentina to an economic boom, but his two-term 1989-1999 presidency crumbled under the weight of corruption scandals.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Menem)(AP, 2/14/21)

2021        Feb 20, Argentina's new Health Minister Carla Vizzotti was sworn in after the country was rattled by a scandal over VIP coronavirus vaccine access, pledging to strengthen oversight and transparency of the inoculation program.
    (Reuters, 2/20/21)

2021        Feb 26, An Argentine laboratory has struck a deal to help produce Russia's COVID-19 vaccine Sputnik V, according to a company statement shared by the country's government, helping boost the local firm's share price.
    (Reuters, 2/26/21)

2021        Apr 3, Argentina's Pres. Alberto Fernandez tested positive for COVID-19 with mild symptoms. He had received doses of Russia's Sputnik V vaccine on Jan. 21 and Feb. 11.
    (SFC, 4/5/21, p.A5)

2021        May 18, Argentina reported 745 coronavirus deaths and 35,543 new infections. The country has recorded more than 71,000 total confirmed deaths.
    (SFC, 5/20/21, p.A5)

2021        May 22, Argentina imposed its first strict coronavirus lockdown of the year due to surging levels of infections and a soaring death toll.
    (SFC, 5/22/21, p.A4)

2021        Jun 12, In Argentina Walter Klug Rivera, an ex-colonel convicted of human rights violations during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, was arrested in Buenos Aires after fleeing from neighboring Chile.
    (The Independent, 6/14/21)

2021        Jun 18, Argentine laboratory Richmond said that it had produced almost half a million doses of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine against the coronavirus, the first made in the country.
    (Reuters, 6/18/21)

2021        Jun 21, Argentina and Mexico recalled their ambassadors to Nicaragua for consultations, a day after President Daniel Ortega's government arrested yet another presidential contender ahead of the Nov. 7 elections.
    (AP, 6/21/21)

2021        Jun 28, It was reported that Saudi Arabian veterinary services company MAS has signed an agreement with Argentine biotechnology company Biogenesis Bago to set up the country's first animal vaccine manufacturing plant with investments worth $60 million.
    (Reuters, 6/28/21)

2021        Jul 12, Moderna Inc said it had signed a supply agreement with the government of Argentina for 20 million doses of its COVID-19 vaccine or its updated variant booster vaccine candidate.
    (Reuters, 7/12/21)

2021        Jul 21, Argentina became the first country in Latin America to officially recognize gender nonbinary people, who can now choose to have their gender marked as an X on their national identity documents and passports if they do not identify as either female or male.
    (NY Times, 7/22/21)

2021        Jul 27, Argentina's health ministry said the government it has signed a deal with US pharmaceutical company Pfizer Inc to acquire 20 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines to be delivered this year.
    (Reuters, 7/27/21)

2021        Aug 12, Argentina's Laboratorios Richmond said, in a joint statement with Russian sovereign fund RDIF, that it has delivered 995,125 doses of the first component of the Sputnik V vaccine produced in Argentina to the country's health ministry.
    (Reuters, 8/12/21)

2021        Aug 29, It was reported that satellite images of the Andes Mountain range showed a significant decrease in snow cover. The area is in the grip of a decade-long drought that has left many slopes between Ecuador and Argentina with only patches of snow in the middle of the Southern Hemisphere winter.
    (SSFC, 8/29/21, p.B10)

2021        Sep 12, Argentines headed to the polls for midterm primaries in a litmus test for the center-left Peronist government of Alberto Fernandez, which has been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, economic crises and rising poverty. The main opposition party landed a blow against the ruling Peronists, winning key races in a congressional primary vote that is a strong leading indicator of how voters will cast ballots in the midterm election in November.
    (Reuters, 9/12/21)(Reuters, 9/12/21)

2021        Sep 17, Argentina's government remained mired in uncertainty, with President Alberto Fernández yet to decide the fate of rebel ministers who tendered their resignations earlier in the week, sparking a political crisis.
    (Reuters, 9/17/21)

2021        Sep 21, Argentina raised the country's minimum wage to 31,104 Argentine pesos ($316.51) a month starting in September, as persistent inflation eats away at purchasing power.
    (Reuters, 9/21/21)
2021        Sep 21, Argentina unveiled plans to ease coronavirus pandemic restrictions, including loosening strict border controls, allowing more commercial activities and getting rid of the mandatory wearing of face masks outdoors. Argentina has fully inoculated more than 20 million people out of its population of about 45 million.
    (Reuters, 9/21/21)

2021        Oct 8, Argentine Foreign Minister Santiago Cafiero and Brazilian counterpart Carlos Alberto Franco França agreed on a framework to reduce Mercosur's common external tariff.
    (Reuters, 10/8/21)

2021        Oct 13, The Argentine government said it has struck a deal with retailers to freeze the prices of 1,247 food and household products for 90 days to combat inflation as the country heads toward congressional elections next month.
    (Reuters, 10/13/21)

2021        Oct 15, Argentine senior officials met with private investors in New York, touting a much sought-after economic "roadmap" for the embattled country and playing up the chances of a positive deal with the International Monetary Fund.
    (Reuters, 10/15/21)

2021        Oct 27, It was reported that Argentina’s Parana River, South America's second-largest river behind only the Amazon, has retreated this year to its lowest level since its record low in 1944, hit by cyclical droughts and dwindling rainfall upriver in Brazil.
    (Reuters, 10/27/21)

2021        Nov 14, Argentines headed to the polls for midterm elections that will establish the power balance in Congress, with the ruling Peronist party battling to avoid damaging losses that could erase its majority in the Senate held for almost 40 years.
    (Reuters, 11/14/21)

2021        Dec 5, Argentina said it has detected its first case of the Omicron coronavirus variant in a person who had traveled from South Africa.
    (Reuters, 12/6/21)

2021        Dec 27, In Argentina confirmed COVID-19 cases almost doubled from Dec. 24 to 20,263 new infections.
    (Reuters, 12/27/21)

2021        Dec 29, In southern Argentina a helicopter that was fighting forest fires in the rugged Patagonia region crashed, killing two crew members.
    (Reuters, 12/29/21)

2022        Jan 5, Argentina broke its record for COVID-19 infections, approaching 100,000 daily cases as it faces a third wave of the pandemic, driven by the highly infectious Omicron variant.
    (Reuters, 1/6/22)

2022        Jan 11, It was reported that Argentina is facing a historic heat wave with temperatures soaring above 40 degrees Celsius (104°F), making the country for a while the hottest place on the planet, straining power grids and forcing residents to seeking sanctuary in the shade.
    (Reuters, 1/11/22)

2022        Jan 28, Argentina said it has struck an agreement in principle with the International Monetary Fund over a new $44.5 billion standby deal, a major breakthrough in tense talks to restructure loans the country cannot repay.
    (Reuters, 1/28/22)

2022        Jan 29, Thousands of truck drivers from Argentina were stuck at the Chilean border due to slow COVID-19 testing, as Chile faced its second transport delay crisis.
    (Reuters, 1/29/22)

2022        Feb 3, In Argentina at least 23 people have died after consuming cocaine suspected of containing a poisonous substance and 84 other individuals were hospitalized in several towns in Buenos Aires province. The cocaine appeared to have been laced with a synthetic opioid.
    (Reuters, 2/3/22)(SFC, 2/5/22, p.A3)

2022        Feb 6, China welcomed Argentina into its global Belt and Road Initiative as President Xi Jinping capped a weekend of frenetic diplomatic activity on the sidelines of the Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 2/6/22)

2022        Feb 7, Argentina's government ordered oil companies and unions to the negotiation table, temporarily imposing a ceasefire in a worker strike over demands for higher wages that had hit activity in the huge Vaca Muerta shale fields.
    (Reuters, 2/7/22)

2022        Feb 8, Thousands of Argentines marched through the streets of Buenos Aires to protest against a likely deal with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to revamp more than $40 billion of debt the country cannot pay back.
    (Reuters, 2/8/22)

2022        Feb 21, It was reported that wildfires in Argentina's northern Corrientes province have scarred the region burning over 800,000 hectares of land, more than twice the size of Rhode Island.
    (Reuters, 2/21/22)

2022        Feb 24, Colombia, Argentina and Chile called for swift withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine, as other Latin American countries rejected the use of force but stopped short of calling for a Russian exit.
    (Reuters, 2/25/22)

2022        Feb 25, It was reported that scientists in Argentina have unearthed the remains of a previously unknown species of meat-eating dinosaur that lived about 70 million years ago that had puny arms and may have used its powerful head to ram its prey. The fossil skull of the Cretaceous Period dinosaur, named Guemesia ochoai, was discovered in northwestern Salta province.
    (Reuters, 2/25/22)

2022        Mar 4, It was reported that Argentina has sealed a staff-level agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for a $45 billion program, which will push looming debt payments down the road while tying the country to an agreed economic program.
    (Reuters, 3/4/22)
2022        Mar 4, In Argentina a Catholic bishop accused of sexually abusing young men studying to be priests was found guilty by a court. Gustavo Zanchetta, the former bishop of Oran in the northern province of Salta, was sentenced to 4 1/2 years in prison for the crimes.
    (Reuters, 3/4/22)

2022        Mar 11, Argentina's lawmakers approved an agreement with the IMF to refinance a $45 billion debt.
    (SFC, 3/12/22, p.A3)

2022        Mar 13, Argentina's government said it has halted registration of export sales of soy oil and meal, drawing swift condemnation from the industry in the world's top exporter of processed soy products. The government had reportedly closed export registration because it wanted to raise tariffs "by two points" on exports.
    (Reuters, 3/13/22)

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