Timeline San Francisco to 1892

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  San Francisco occupies 47.355 sq. miles with a city limit that extends 32 miles out to sea. SF includes the federal property of the 7 rocky Farallon Islands.  (SFC, 5/19/96,Mag, p.11)(Hem., 5/97, p.26)(SFC, 9/11/99, p.A11)

  The original Bay Area and coast dwellers were the Miwok and Ohlone Indians. There were 4 main native tribes: the Coast Miwoks in Marin, the Wintuns on the northern shore of San Pablo Bay, the Yokuts south of the Carquinez Strait, and the Costanoans along the Peninsula.
 (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.7)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

  There are 43 named hills in SF. Mount Davidson is the highest at 938 ft.
 (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)

100Mil BC - 60Mil BC    In San Francisco red rock dating to this period was easily visible on the cliff of O’Shaugnessy Boulevard.
    (SSFC, 6/21/15, p.A2)    

35,000BP    About this time, or more recently, a catastrophic earthquake carved out the Golden Gate and the waters of the Pacific rushed into the exposed plain to form the SF Bay.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)

25,000BC    San Francisco and the Bay Area were home to mammoths indicating cold temperatures of an Ice Age. In 1934 a 10-pound mammoth tooth from this time was found by engineers working on the new Bay Bridge. In 1983 SF workers building the foundation of the Pansini Building at Pacific and Columbus found fossilized mammal bones that dated back to this time.
    (SSFC, 1/15/09, DB p.43)(SFC, 8/3/13, p.C3)

1543        Apr 14, Bartoleme Ferrelo returned to Spain after discovering a large bay in the New World (San Francisco).
    (HN, 4/14/99)

1579        Jun 17, Sir Francis Drake sailed into San Francisco Bay and proclaimed English sovereignty over New Albion (California). Some claim that Sir Francis Drake sailed into the SF Bay. Sir Francis Drake claimed San Francisco Bay for England. It may have been Drake’s Bay or Bolinas Lagoon.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)(HN, 6/17/98)(SFEC, 8/23/98, p.T6)

1769        Mar, Captain Portola set out with a group of soldiers, priests, Christian Native Americans and muleteers. Their intention was to go as far as Monterey Bay but they passed it. Gaspar de Portola led the first  European land expedition to sight the San Francisco Bay from land. Captain Portola had been appointed governor of Baja and Alta California and sent on an expedition to explore and replace the Jesuits with Franciscans in the Baja missions and start new Franciscan missions in Alta.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16) (Park, Spring/95)(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)

1769        Oct, Captain Portola and his party camped at what is now Pacifica. Portola sent Sergeant Jose Ortega out to survey what was ahead.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)

1769        Nov 1-1769 Nov 3, Sgt. Jose Francisco Ortega with his scouting party first looked upon SF Bay from the vicinity of Point Lobos.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)

1769        Nov 4, Portola received reports of a large bay ahead and went to see for himself. He crossed Sweeney Ridge in San Mateo County and saw the bay. Francisco de Ulloa was a navigator and member of the party.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)(SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)

1774        Dec, Capt. Fernando Rivera y Moncada and 4 soldiers climbed Mount Davidson and proceeded north to Lands End.
    (GTP, 1973, p.126)(SFC, 12/6/14, p.C1)

1772        After Father Serra established a mission in Monterey, Pedro Fages and Father Juan Crespi set out to explore the SF Bay by land.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

1774        Juan Bautista de Anza was the first non-native to cross the Sierra to scout the Bay Area.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

1775        Aug 5, Spanish Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala and his crew of 30 became the first European explorers to sail into the San Francisco Bay. He anchored at Angel Island and waited for the overland expedition of Captain Juan Bautista de Anza. Angel Island was one of the first landforms named by the Spanish when they entered SF Bay. The 58-foot Spanish fregata, Punta de San Carlos, was the first sailing vessel to enter the SF Bay while on a voyage of exploration. Ayala named Alcatraz Island after a large flock of pelicans, called alcatraces in Spanish.
    (CAS, 1996, p.19)(SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)(SFC, 12/26/01, p.A28)(SFC, 8/16/14, p.C1)

1775        Sep 29, Mexican Captain Juan Bautista de Anza (39) and his party of Spanish soldiers and setters departed Tubac, Arizona, on a journey to the SF Bay Area following reports of a great river flowing into the bay. Anza led 240 soldiers, priests and settlers to Monterey. Jose Manuel Valencia was one of the soldiers. His son, Candelario Valencia, later served in the military at the Presidio and owned a ranch in Lafayette and property next to Mission Dolores.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)(SFC, 9/14/13, p.C4)

1775        Nov 5, In southern California Indians infuriated by Spanish soldier rapes of native women attacked the mission at San Diego bludgeoning a priest to death and killing two other church workers.
    (SFC, 12/6/14, p.C2)

1775        Captain Bruno Heceta led a group of explorers along the slopes of San Bruno Mountain to the shores of Lake Merced. He most likely named the mountain.
    (GTP, 1973, p.124)

1775-1776    Juan Bautista de Anza led 198 colonists and 1,000 cattle from Sonora, Mexico, to California.
    (SFC, 6/7/00, p.A15)

1776        Mar 10, The expedition of Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza arrived in Monterey, Ca. Colonists were left in Monterey as a smaller party departed for the SF Bay.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pltuw96)(SFC, 9/14/13, p.C4)

1776        Mar 27, Mexican Captain Juan Bautista de Anza and his party of Spanish explorers spent their first night in the future city of San Francisco at what came to be called Mountain Lake in the Presidio.
    (SFC, 9/14/13, p.C4)(SFC, 11/2/19, p.)

1776        Mar 28, Mexican Captain Juan Bautista de Anza, Lt. Jose Moraga, and Franciscan priest Pedro Font arrived at the tip of San Francisco. De Anza planted a cross at what is now Fort Point. They camped at Mountain Lake and searched inland for a more hospitable area and found a site they called Laguna de los Dolores or the Friday of Sorrows since the day was Friday before Palm Sunday. Anza became known as the “father of SF." Mission Dolores was founded by Father Francisco Palou and Father Pedro Cambon. Rancho San Pedro, near what is now Pacifica, served as the agricultural center. Laguna de los Dolores was later believed to be a spring near the modern-day corner of Duboce and Sanchez.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Bautista_de_Anza)(SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)(SFC, 2/19/11, p.A10)

1776        Jun 26, The St. Francis of Assisi Church, later Mission Dolores, was founded by Father Francisco Palleu beside the Arroyo de Nuestra Senora de los Dolores (Stream of Our lady of Sorrows) on native Yelamu territory.
    (SFEC, 3/12/00, p.T5)(OAH, 2/05, p.A1)(SFL)

1776        Jun 27, Mexican Lieutenant Jose Moraga arrived in San Francisco with a party of settlers from Monterey.
    (SFC, 9/14/13, p.C4)

1776        June 29, Settlers who had been waiting in Monterey headed north and gathered for Mass under a crude shelter at the new mission in San Francisco. The mission dedication ceremony with fireworks and tolling bells scared the local Costanoan Indians.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)(SFEC, 3/12/00, p.T5)

1776        Sep 17, The Presidio of SF was formally possessed as a Spanish fort. The Spanish built the Presidio on the hill where the Golden Gate Bridge now meets San Francisco.
    (WSJ, 9/17/96, p.A12)(www.sfmuseum.org/hist6/founding.html)

1776        Oct 9, A group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco. The formal dedication of Mission San Francisco de Asis was made.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)(AP, 10/9/97)

1776        Don Marcos Briones came to San Francisco. His daughter, Juana Briones, was born in Santa Cruz in 1802.
    (SFEC, 5/26/97, p.A11)

1777        In San Francisco an Ohlone man name Chamis (20) became the first adult Indian to be baptized at Mission Dolores.
    (SFC, 11/2/19, p.C4)

1780        In San Francisco stone foundations were laid for a building at the military garrison in the Presidio. The Presidio’s Officer’s Club was later built on the same site.
    (SFC, 9/29/14, p.A9)

1790        A permanent Spanish mission building was built at the corner of what later became 16th and Dolores streets.
    (SFC, 1/29/04, p.A8)(SFL)

1792        Englishman George Vancouver sailed into the Bay on his ship Discovery. He explored the Santa Clara Valley.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

1793        In California the Spanish installed a cannon on a 90-foot cliff just south of San Francisco's later named Fort Point. The Santo Domingo cannon had been cast in Peru in 1628.
    (SFC, 8/21/21, p.C1)

1794        Rancho San Pedro was abandoned and Rancho San Mateo was established by the local priests as the farming center.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)
1794        Twenty horse soldiers were dispatched from the Presidio of San Francisco to quell an Ohlone rebellion in the Santa Cruz mountains.
    (SFC, 9/29/14, p.A1)

1795        Spring, Some 300 Indians fled Mission Dolores in San Francisco following a year of food shortages and disease that killed over 200. They sought refuge in the East Bay hills and Napa.
    (SFC, 9/26/03, p.D15)(SFL)

1796        A new altar piece was installed at Mission Dolores. It covered old murals painted by the native Indians. In 2004 images of the murals were projected on the rotunda of the Mission Dolores Basilica.
    (SFC, 1/29/04, p.A8)

1797        The Spanish erected a battery of five 8-pound brass canons at Pont San Jose, later named Fort Mason, San Francisco.
    (SFC, 8/21/21, p.C6)

1802-1889    Juana Briones Y Tapia de Miranda was born in Santa Cruz, Ca. She was a battered wife and became the first California woman to get a divorce. Her family moved to the Presidio in 1812. She was the first to settle on San Francisco’s Powell St. in what is now North Beach and worked as a homeopathic doctor. In 1989 the Women’s Heritage Museum persuaded the state to authorize a plaque in her honor to be set in Washington Square.
    (SFEC, 5/26/97, p.A11)(SFC,11/17/97, p.A1,21)(SFC, 8/24/13, p.C1)

1806        Apr, Nicolai Rezanov (42), a director of the Russian-American Co., arrived in SF aboard the Juno. He had proposed a California outpost to serve the Russian colonies in Alaska and sailed south to establish a settlement on the Columbia River but could not land there due to difficult seas. He sailed south to the Presidio at Monterey and negotiated a trade deal with Commander Jose Arguello. He also fell in love with Concepcion Arguello (d.1857), the daughter of Commander Arguello, and proposed marriage. He died that winter while crossing Siberia. In 2013 Owen Matthews “Glorious Misadventures: Nikolai Rezanov and the Dream of a Russian American."
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.T5)(SFC, 2/18/06, p.A1)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.74)

1806        May 21, Nicolai Rezanov (1764-1806), a director of the Russian-American Co., departed SF for Sitka, Alaska. He died that winter while crossing Siberia.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.T5)(SFC, 2/18/06, p.A1)

1808        The first recorded earthquake occurred.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)

1810        Mexico revolted and the Spanish settlements began to fall apart. Under Mexican rule the missions were secularized and the huge land holdings were broken up.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)

1814        Jose Dario Arguello, Spanish-born commander of the Presidio, served as the governor of Alta California. He was later buried at Mission Dolores.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)

1815        Luis Arguello, the Spanish commander of El Presidio de San Francisco, began expanding the original 90-square-yard fort with new adobe wall and buildings.
    (SFC, 10/5/14, p.C2)

1816        Adelbert von Chamisso spent a month around SF Bay while aboard the Russian ship Rurik, which was circumnavigating the globe. Captain Otto von Kotzebue said the Gov. of California invited the crew to witness a bear and bull fight. Spanish troops captured a grizzly bear and a wild bull and chained them for battle on a beach.
    (SFC, 4/1/99, p.E1)(SFC, 3/4/17, p.C1)

1818        Nov 23, Spanish soldier Dolores Cantua galloped into the Presidio of San Francisco to report that two foreign ships had attacked Monterey.
    (SFC, 11/11/17, p.C1)

1820        Juana Briones (18) married Apolinario Miranda, a cavalryman at the SF presidio.
    (SFC, 11/14/03, p.I24)

1822        Aug, William Richardson (1795-1856) came to SF as first mate aboard the British whaler Orion. He jumped ship and began living at the Presidio. In 1835 he put up a tent in Yerba Buena, later renamed San Francisco, on Calle de la Fundacion, a site later identified as 827 Grant Ave.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_A._Richardson)(SFC, 9/16/17 p.C2)

1822-1825    Luis Antonio Arguello, son of Jose Dario, served as the first native-born governor of Alta California.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)

1825        May 15, In Yerba Buena (later San Francisco) William Richardson married the Presidio Commander's daughter, Maria Antonia Martinez, at Mission Dolores and the couple honeymooned at Sausalito.

1828        Aug 15, In San Francisco the daughter (5) and son (1) of Presidio soldier Ignacio Olivas were killed as he and his wife attended a dance party near Mission Dolores. Suspicion fell on fellow soldier Francisco Rubio, who was found guilty and executed on August 1, 1831. Rubio claimed innocence to the end.
    (SFC, 4/4/15, p.D1)

1830s        Ignacio Pacheco retired as a customs officer in San Francisco's Presidio and received a land grant in Sonoma County. He thought it unsuitable for agriculture and traded it for a 7,776 acre plot in Marin County. Much of it later became Hamilton air Force Base.
    (SFC, 1/15/04, p.D4)

1833        The pueblo of SF was established as a municipality and construction of homes picked up.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

1834        The San Francisco was governed by a mayor (alcalde) with 2 regidores (council members).
    (SSFC, 2/28/10, p.E2)
1834        Orders to secularize the California missions arrived from Mexico as did General Mariano Vallejo to Mission San Francisco Solano de Sonoma. General Vallejo’s job was to establish a town and so Sonoma was designed around a central plaza. This ended mission ownership by the Franciscans.
    (WCG, p.58)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)
1834        Mexican maps of this year identified the Islais Creek on the southeast side of SF. It was named after Los Islais, the hollyleaf cherry, a favorite Ohlone Indian food.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A21)(SFL)
1834        Jose Bernal owned Rancho Rincon de Las Salinas y Potrero. It included the land that later became known as Hunters Point in San Francisco. La Punta de Conca (seashell point) was later purchased by Robert and Philip Hunter who arrived during the gold rush and bought the land to develop a town.
    (SSCM, 7/21/02, p.16)(SFL)
1834        Candelario Valencia, the grandson of Jose Manuel Valencia, was granted the 3,329 Rancho Acalanes, an area near what later became the SF Bay Area town of Lafayette. He sold it in 1839 and returned to a much smaller plot just east of Mission Dolores in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 6/12/21, p.B6)

1835        Jun 25, William A. Richardson built the first structure in Yerba Buena, renamed San Francisco in 1847. In 1846 he was named captain of the port.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9jgb2j3)(SFC, 3/27/99, p.A23)(SFC, 7/6/13, p.C2)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.C2)

1835        The San Francisco Bar Pilots company was formed.
    (SSFC, 4/3/06, p.G5)
1835        Richard Henry Dana, writer, arrived in SF aboard the brig Pilgrim.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)
1835        The first street in SF was named Dupont St. and is now known as Grant Ave.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)(SFL)

1835-1851    Malcolm E. Barker edited the 1994 book “San Francisco Memoirs: Eyewitness Accounts of the Birth of a City" that covered this period. It was the first of a planned trilogy.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.C9)

1836        Jul 4, In Yerba Buena (later San Francisco) Jacob Leese, a trader from Ohio, threw a 3-day party over the 4th of July. Leese of Ohio had established a mercantile business at Grant and Clay streets. His wooden house next door was the first in Yerba Buena. He soon married a daughter of Gen’l. Vallejo and their daughter, Rosalie Leese, was the first non-native born in Yerba Buena.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)(SFC, 7/6/13, p.C2)(SFC, 6/25/16, p.C4)

1836        The Mexican governor of Alta California declared Yerba Buena (later San Francisco) a pueblo and named English seaman William Richardson as harbormaster.
    (SFC, 6/25/16, p.C4)

1838        A major earthquake opened a huge fissure from SF to Santa Clara.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

1839        Jean Vioget laid out the 1st plan of Yerba Buena (San Francisco) and showed the later Union Square site as a future park.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)(SFL)
1839        The Bernal Heights area of SF, Ca., began to be developed as part of a Mexican land grant belonging to Don Jose Cornelio Bernal.
    (SFC, 6/29/06, 96 Hours p.41)(SFL)

1840        In Yerba Buena (later San Francisco) Jean-Jacques Vioget, Swiss-born sea captain and artist, opened a saloon and billiards parlor on Clay Street just east of Kearny. In 1837 he painted the first picture of the settlement from the deck of his ship.
    (SFC, 9/26/15, p.C1)
1840        Jacob Leese sold his business to the Hudson Bay Company.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

1841        Capt. William A. Richardson moved to Sausalito from SF after the Mexican government gave him a 19,571-acre land grant from the Marin headlands to Stinson Beach. There he established Rancho del Sausalito.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A23)
1841        William A. Leidesdorff, originally from the Virgin Islands, arrived in San Francisco. He became a prominent businessman, built the city’s first hotel, became a member of the first SF City Council and served as the city’s first treasurer.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.B2)
1841        The Bartleson-Bidwell Party made the trek to California. John Bidwell was on the 1st wagon train over the Sierra Nevada and later founded Chico. Also in the group was Paul Geddes, who had robbed a bank in Philadelphia, and renamed himself Talbot Green. His true ID was exposed in 1850 as he was about to run for mayor of SF.
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.E4)(SSFC, 9/24/06, p.B3)(SFC, 6/14/14, p.C2)(SFC, 2/6/21, p.B2)

1842        Union Square was created as one of the first 2 SF parks.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A1)(SFL)
1842        Nantucket Capt. Gorham Nye sailed into Yerba Buena, later known as San Francisco, and sold several goats to traders. A local character named Jack Fuller proposed to businessman Nathan Spear to buy some of the goats and raise them on Yerba Buena Island, which became known as Goat Island.
    (SFC, 11/23/13, p.C3)

1842-1846    The Sanchez Adobe was constructed in Pacifica by Francisco Sanchez, owner of the Rancho San Pedro and former alcalde of SF. He led volunteer forces against the US in the Battle of Santa Clara.

1844        William Hinckley, alcalde of Yerba Buena (later San Francisco), erected a wooden footbridge over a creek that fed the Laguna Salada. This enabled residents to walk to the anchorage at Clark’s Point (near the intersection of Broadway and Battery). At this time Yerba Buena had under 50 inhabitants and and only a dozen buildings.
    (SFC, 7/6/13, p.C2)
1844        Juana Briones purchased a 4,400 acre rancho that later covered parts of Los Altos, Los Altos Hills and Palo Alto. She acquired her funds renting rooms and selling food in SF. In 1850 she began a 12-year legal battle to retain her property. She won title to her property in the US Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 11/14/03, p.I24)

1846        Jun 13, Jose de Jesus Noe, owner of a 4,000-acre ranch in the center of Yerba Buena, was the last, Mexican alcalde, chief magistrate under Mexican rule. He became a city official when the Americans took over and is buried in Mission Dolores.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)(SFC, 5/26/00, Wb p.8)(SFL)

1846        Jun 14, A group of 33 men rode into the Mexican garrison town of Sonoma and raised the California Bear Flag.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.A17)

1846        Jul 1, Kit Carson helped Capt. John Fremont scale the walls on the site of Fort Point to claim the Presidio for the US.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)(SFL)

1846        Jul 9, Captain J.B. Montgomery raised the American flag over San Francisco. Montgomery claimed Yerba Buena (SF) for the US.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W36)(www.bearflagmuseum.org/History.html)

1846        Jul 31, The 3-masted Brooklyn tied up at Yerba Buena cove following a 6-month journey from the East Coast. San Francisco, known as Yerba Buena, had only 459 residents, and with the arrival of Sam Brannan and 230 Mormons became known as a Mormon town. Printer Brannan later published the first SF newspaper, the California star.
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.29)(SFC, 5/29/21, p.B6)

1846        Aug 15, Walter Colton, the American alcalde of Monterey, and Robert Semple  a one-time frontier doctor, began printing The Californian on an old press with Spanish type in Monterey. It was the state’s first weekly.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1846        Dec, The town of Francesca (now Benicia) planned to change its name to San Francisco. William A. Bartlett, the first American alcalde, or mayor of Yerba Buena, led the town council to beat Francesca and approve a name change to San Francisco.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A15)

1846        Commander John Montgomery sent a 70-man detachment from the USS Portsmouth ashore at Yerba Buena and raised the American flag.
    (SFC, 5/7/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.4)
1846        Navy Lt. Washington Bartlett became the first American mayor of Yerba Buena, renamed to San Francisco in 1847.
    (SFC, 5/7/97, p.A1)
1846        Brigham Young, Joseph Smith’s successor, led the Mormons overland to the Great Salt Lake Valley. Mormon pioneer Sam Brannan gathered some 250 Mormons aboard the ship, Brooklyn, and sailed from New York to San Francisco.
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)
1846        The sons of Francisco de Haro, the first chief magistrate of Yerba Buena, were murdered by Americans under the command of Kit Carson.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)

1847        Jan 7, The California Star in Yerba Buena was begun by 2 men a couple of months after the Monterey Californian on the 2nd floor of a mule-powered grist mill on what is now Clay St. It was started by Sam Brannan and was edited by Dr. Elbert P. Jones.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)(PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1847        Jan 9, The first regular issue of The California Star newspaper appeared in San Francisco under editor Elbert P. Jones.
    (SFC, 7/12/14, p.C2)

1847        Jan 30, The California Star, founded by Sam Brannon, published the official name change of Yerba Buena to San Francisco on this day. Mayor Washington Bartlett had the town council approve the change. Lt. Bartlett's proclamation changing the name Yerba Buena to San Francisco took effect.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yerba_Buena,_California)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.G6)

1847        Jan, San Francisco’s Californian newspaper called for a new cemetery in the unoccupied North Beach area. A new graveyard soon appeared just north of what later became Washington Square. By 1850 some 840 had been buried there.
    (SFC, 3/5/16, p.C4)

1847        Apr, A local census counted 462 residents living in tents, shanties and adobe huts.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A15)

1847        May 6, The Californian newspaper of Monterey moved to San Francisco.
    (SFC, 7/12/14, p.C2)

1847        Jul 24, The Mormons arrived in the Salt Lake Valley.
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, p.A4)

1847        Aug 2, William A. Leidesdorff launched the first steam boat in San Francisco Bay.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1847        Aug, Construction of the first 20 homes in Benicia began. The new city was named “Francisco" after Vallejo’s wife, but residents of Yerba Buena changed the name to San Francisco and Robert Semple renamed his town to “Benicia" after Mrs. Vallejo’s middle name.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W26)

1847        Dec 25, The California Star complained that “low gambling dens" harbored many escaped fugitives, and that street turmoils were almost a daily occurrence.
    (SFC, 11/12/04, p.E15)

1847        Portsmouth Square was built in San Francisco and was later recognized as the city’s oldest park.
    (SFC, 6/3/14, p.C2)
1847        Jasper O’Farrell (26), surveyor-general of Northern California, laid out the streets of San Francisco. He forged Market Street to run from the SF Bay to Twin Peaks. He also designated the sand dune called O’Farrel’s Mountain as a public square (later Union Square).
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)(SFL)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.G1)
1847        San Francisco commissioned a 2nd survey to cover an area west of Larkin St. The Lagoon survey was bounded by Larkin, Gough, Chestnut and Vallejo streets. The 43 acres of the survey tilted to the northwest. In 1870 the city began taking measures to run Van Ness Avenue through the Lagoon Survey.
    (SFC, 12/10/16, p.C3)
1847        San Francisco’s Stern Grove was first settled by the Greene family. Because of many property disputes, the family built a fort surrounded by eucalyptus trees over the land. Charlotte Green was the original owner. Her great-granddaughter, Roberta Hewson Graves (d.1992), was later hailed as “the most beautiful girl in the world." The original owners of Stern Grove were cattle baron Jefferson James and Countess Muysson-Van Vliet
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.6)(SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A22)(SFL)
1847        Just before the discovery of gold SF had about 800 residents living in some 160 frame structures amid older adobe buildings. [see Apr, 1847]
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.1)

1847-1848    George Hyde served as the 3rd American mayor of SF.
    (SFC, 9/23/99, p.A24)

1848        Jan 24, Gold was discovered in at Sutter’s Mill in Coloma and the lure of wealth brought many newcomers to the port of San Francisco. John Marshall, while inspecting the construction of a mill on the American River, being built for Capt. John Sutter, spotted a gold nugget. Much of the present day Financial District east of Montgomery was network of wharves. The area was later solidified with landfill and used for skyscrapers.
    (HFA,'96,p.22)(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)(SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.71)(SFC, 1/25/97, p.A17)(SFEC, 7/6/97, p.T3)(SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.4)

1848        Feb 2, The 1st ship load of Chinese arrived in SF.
    (MC, 2/2/02)

1848        Mar 15, In San Francisco the Californian newsspaper ran a filler on Page 3 about a horse race at Mission Dolores. Below it appeared another filler: “Gold Mine Found," which described a gold find at Sutter’s Mill on the American Fork.
    (SFC, 7/12/14, p.C2)

1848        Apr 1, The SF-based California Star reported the discovery of a rich silver vein in San Jose valley. The discovery of rich beds of copper were also reported near Clear Lake.
    (SFC, 12/10/04, p.E4)

1848        Apr 22, The SF-based California Star reported the discovery of a rich gold mine towards the head of the American Fork in the Sacramento Valley.
    (SFC, 12/10/04, p.E4)

1848        Apr, The first SF American public school opened. Soon thereafter all the trustees took off for the gold fields.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.40)

1848        May 12, Sam Brannan, an elder of the Mormon Church in SF, announced the discovery of gold on the American River. He had just opened a store near the goldfields stocked with shovels and mining tools. He and members of the Mormon battalion were the first to profit in San Francisco from the Gold Rush.
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.4)(SFEC, 6/21/98, Z1 p.4)

1848        May 20, The California Star reported that a fleet of launches had left the SF bound up the Sacramento River due to “Gold Fever."
    (SFC, 12/10/04, p.E4)

1848        May 27, The SF-based California Star complained that everybody in the state was under the spell of gold fever.
    (SFC, 12/10/04, p.E4)

1848        May 29, The Californian newspaper complained that everybody in the state was under the spell of gold fever and announced suspension of publication because the staff was heading out to participate. The Californian and the California Star were based in SF.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.40)(SFEC, 6/21/98, Z1 p.1)(PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1848        Jun 14, The California Star newspaper in SF locked its doors due to the gold strike and lack of working men.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)(SFC, 12/17/04, p.E6)

1848        Oct 29, Rev. Dwight Hunt and his wife, Mary, arrived in SF from Hawaii and began holding nondenominational services at the Old School House on Portsmouth Square.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A17)(SFL)

1848        Nov 9, The first U.S. Post Office in California opened in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets. At that time there were only about 15,000 European settlers living in the state.
    (HN, 11/9/98)(SFL)

1848        Nov 18, In San Francisco the Californian and the California Star newspapers merged and began publishing under Edward Kemble (19) as The Star and Californian.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)(SFC, 7/19/14, p.C1)

1848        The San Francisco City Council passed a resolution regarding gambling and heavy fines were assessed on parties arrested for gambling. The resolution was soon repealed.
    (GTP, 1973, p.53)
1848        William Alexander Leidesdorff, ship captain, merchant and the first treasurer of SF, died. He was half  Dutch and half black and was buried inside Mission Dolores. He started the City Hotel, the 1st hotel in SF at Kearny and Clay.
    (SFC, 5/19/98, p.B8)(SFC, 1/31/02, p.D1)(SFL)
1848        Col. J. D. Stevenson’s First Regiment of New York Volunteers, which fought in the Mexican war, disbanded in San Francisco. Many of the members had belonged to New York gangs like the Bowery Boys and Dead Rabbits. Some 50-60 of the vets joimed with ex-convicts from Australia and began hiring themselves out to merchants and sea captains calling themselves the Hounds and later the Regulators.
    (SFC, 12/28/13, p.C1)
1848        The population of San Francisco numbered about 850.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A9)

1849        Jan 4, San Francisco’s The Star and Californian newspaper under Edward Kemble changed its name to the Alta California.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)(SFC, 7/19/14, p.C1)

1849        Feb 28,  The steamer California, sounding the first steamship whistle on the SF Bay, arrived in SF with San Francisco postmaster John W. Geary on board carrying mail for the Pacific coast. Steamboat service began from Panama City to SF. Pacific Mail Steamship Co. sent the side-wheel steamship California to SF with American gold-seekers and 50 Peruvian miners. Also onboard were preacher Osgood C. Wheeler (32) and his wife Elizabeth.
    (www.maritimeheritage.org/PassLists/ca022849.htm)(SSFC, 3/1/09, DB p.50)(AP, 2/28/98)(SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.40)

1849        Mar, Albert Williams, a Protestant church pioneer, disembarked from the Oregon, one of the first steamships to arrive in the Gold Rush.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A19)

1849        Apr, Australians began showing up in San Francisco. By mid-1851 some 11,000 had arrived including 7,500 from Sydney.
    (SFC, 7/21/18, p.C1)

1849        Aug 5, The first sanctuary of the First Baptist Church was built on the north side of Washington St. near Stockton St. under the direction of Osgood C. Wheeler.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A22)(SFL)

1849        May 20, Albert Williams presented a petition to establish the First Presbyterian Church following services at the Public School House on Portsmouth Square. Services began in the summer in a tent purchased for $200.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A19)(SFL)

1849        Jun 4, Eighteen men from the USS Ohio deserted their posts for the gold mines.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.41)

1849        Jun 17, In San Francisco Rev. John Brouillet, vicar general of the diocese of Walla Walla, and Rev. Anthony Langlois, also from the Oregon territory, opened St. Francis Church with a Mass.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A21)

1849        Jun 22, San Francisco experienced its first theatrical performance with a one-man show in Portsmouth Square by Stephen C. Massett, an itinerant Brit.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.C1)

1849        Jul 5, The sailing ship Niantic arrived in SF, Ca, and anchored in Yerba Buena Cove. The ship’s owners soon converted her to a storage and auction house for imported goods and built a hotel on her deck.
    (SFC, 5/9/03, p.E5)(SFC, 2/4/05, p.E16)

1849        Jul 15, A Chilean tent community at the foot of Telegraph Hill, composed of some 700 miners, was assaulted by the lawless Society of Hounds street gang. Sam Roberts led the rampage and violent raid on the Little Chile tent community. The Hounds had specialized in “patriotic" assaults on Chileans. In response Sam Brannan call on volunteers to drive the Hounds out of town. A vigilante force of some 230 men rounded up 20 Hounds and imprisoned them on a warship. Popular justice brought 9 Hound members to court and sentenced them to a decade of hard labor. The Chilecito community stayed vibrant throughout the 1860s.
    (SSFC, 1/5/03, p.A24)(SFC, 6/1/13, p.C2)(SFC, 12/28/13, p.C2)

1849        Jul 28, Memmon became the 1st clipper to reach SF after 120 days out of NY.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1849        Jul 29, Rev. Dwight Hunt and 10 parishioners organized the First Congregational Church of SF based in form on the Evangelical Churches of New England. It began as a wooden structure on Jackson St. between Stockton and Powell. It moved to Mason and Post in 1872.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A17)(SFC, 4/23/01, p.A14)(SFL)

1849        Jul, Rev. Flavel S. Mines, Episcopal priest, opened the doors of the Holy Trinity Church.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A19)

1849        Aug 23, The first mail service arrived at Benicia, Sacramento and San Jose.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.41)

1849        Aug, In San Francisco the triweekly Pacific News appeared as the first rival to The Star and Californian newspaper. By 1853 there were 12 dailies in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.C2)

1849        Sep 14, La Meuse, the first ship to sail from France to California, arrived in San Francisco with 41 all male passengers.
    (SF, 8/29/15, p.C2)

1849        Sep, In San Francisco the Happy Valley area, located between First and Third and Mission and Harrison, was hit this fall by dysentery due to bad water.
    (SFC, 5/30/20, p.B2)

1849        Oct, The Boudin Sourdough Bakery was founded in San Francisco by French immigrant Isador Boudin during the Gold Rush. Boudin first used ordinary sourdough to bake a French-style bread. In 1941 the firm was bought by Steven Giraudo. By 1997 the 10th and Geary facility was a $500 million operation selling bread under the Parisian, Colombo and other labels.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.4)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/05, p.D1)(SFL)

1849        Oct, German immigrants arrived in SF and Rev. Frederick Mooshake soon set up at the Second Congregational Church on Sutter between Stockton and Grant and took over when the Congregationalists went bankrupt.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A19)(SFL)

1849        Nov 13, Voters approved a state constitution.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.41)

1849        Dec 3, Jesuit Fr. John Nobili and Fr. Michael Accolti (1807-1878) arrived in San Francisco.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1849        Dec 9, The first SF fire engine arrived from the East Coast.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.41)

1849        Dec 24, A fire began in San Francisco on the eastern side of Portsmouth Square. It burned 290 structures and spread down Washington St. to the edge of the bay at Montgomery. The damage in 1999 money was about $17 million.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A23,24)(SFC, 4/17/21, p.B3)

1849        Dec, A rival Episcopal congregation, named Grace Church, opened a block away from Holy Trinity with Belgian priest Rev. John Ver Mehr presiding.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A19)

1849        Irishman Thomas H. Dowling settled on Goat island in the SF Bay about this time and built a house, a dock and started a quarry. The USD Army, citing a claim that the government owned all the islands in the SF Bay, ejected Dowling and his family from the island in 1867.
    (SFC, 11/23/13, p.C3)
1849        The first church at the site of St. Francis of Assisi in North Beach, SF, was built at Vallejo and Columbus by Catholics who disliked the 3.5 mile walk to Mission Dolores.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, Z1 p.6)(SSFC, 6/11/17, DB p.58)
1849        The Jewish Congregation Sherith Israel was founded in SF.
    (SFC, 3/12/05, p.E1)
1849        San Francisco's first sidewalk was built with barrel staves and narrow planks on Clay Street.
    (SFC, 6/13/20, p.B4)
1849        By this time the San Francisco Board of Supervisors (ayuntamiento) had grown to 16 members from 8 districts.
    (SSFC, 2/28/10, p.E2)
1849        The Tadich Grill opened in SF. It began as the new World Coffee Stand on the edge of what is now Commercial St.
    (Hem., 5/97, p.24)(SFC, 10/8/97, Z1 p.7)
1849        San Francisco city surveyor William Eddy created a city planning map showing just four open spaces. They included Portsmouth Square and empty plots that would become Union Square, Washington Square and a plot at Folsom and Seventh.
    (SFC, 12/12/15, p.C1)
1849        The James Clair Flood, a former saloon keeper from NY arrived in SF and made a fortune in the  1859 Nevada Comstock silver mine.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.B12)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.E1)
1849        Lazard Freres with a brother and cousin moved their New Orleans dry goods company to San Francisco. They opened a Paris office in 1852, a London office in 1877 and operations in New York in 1880.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.D1)(WSJ, 6/7/99, p.C1)
1849        Englishman George Gordon arrived in SF. He pursued ventures as a lumber dealer, builder of wharves, head of an iron foundry and a sugar refinery.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.WBb3)
1849        Joshua Norton, a financier from the Cape of Good Hope, arrived in San Francisco with $40,000 from trade deals in Africa and South America. Within five years he amassed $250,000 and invested it all in rice with the hope of cornering the market. His scheme failed when three ships arrived from the Orient loaded with rice.
    (HFA, '96, p.64)
1849        Oscar Backus (19) arrived in SF aboard the steamer California, believed to be the first steam powered ship to pass through the Golden Gate. He brought 750 copies of a New York newspaper that he’d bought for $5 and sold them for $1 apiece. He then began a successful career in mining and plumbing.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A24)
1849        William Walker (1824-1860) of Tennessee journeyed to San Francisco and soon became editor of the Bulletin.
    (SFC, 8/1/15, p.C2)
1849        The first stage coach line from SF to San Jose was begun by John Whistman. The 9-hour trip in an old French omnibus driven by Henry Ward cost $32 each way.
    (Ind, 10/31/98, p.5A)
1849        A Peruvian consulate was established in SF with Carlos Varea as the first consul.
    (Ind, 8/3/99, p.3A)
1849        A Market Street doctor funded the 1st "city physician" practice with gambling winnings. This was later considered as the beginning of SF General Hospital. In 2000 F. William Blaisdell and Moses Grossman published "Catastrophes, Epidemics, and Neglected Diseases" San Francisco General Hospital and the Evolution of Public Health.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.6)(SFL)
1849        August Helbing, a SF Jewish pioneer, rescued an ailing Jewish man who had just arrive by boat. Helbing went on to help others and created the Eureka Benevolent Society (1850), which later transformed to the Jewish Family and Children’s Services organization.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A15)(SFL)
1849        A ship called the Arkansas ran aground on Alcatraz and was towed to San Francisco’s Pacific Ave. wharf. It was soon converted into the Old Ship Saloon, which featured a hole cut in the bow “to admit the thirsty," and became a major shanghaiing haunt. In 1867 it was moved to another building a few feet away and continued operations at 298 Pacific.
    (SFC, 11/9/13, p.C2)
1849        Some 23,000 people arrive in SF by land and 62,000 by sea as the population grew to some 30,000. First Street was at the edge of the Bay and the area was called Happy Valley.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, Z1 p.6)(SSFC, 4/24/11, DB p.46)

1849-1850    San Francisco's winter was one of the rainiest ever recorded.
    (SFC, 6/13/20, p.B4)

1850        Jan 16, The first real play in San Francisco, “The Wife," was staged at the modest Washington Hall theater. This was located on the 2n d floor of a building that later became the city’s swankiest brothel.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.C2) 

1850        Jan 22, The Alta California newspaper became the first daily in SF. The founding editors were Edward Gilbert and Edward C. Kemble.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1850        Jan 23, The Journal of Commerce became the 2nd daily newspaper in SF.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1850        Jan, In San Francisco a number of wealthy men used $5,000 of their own money and $6,000 voted by the town council, to buy up lots in the Happy Valley area. Roads leading into area were created, brush was removed and elegant homes began to spring up.
    (SFC, 5/30/20, p.B2)

1850        Feb 18, The California state legislature created the original 18 counties including the city of San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.41)(www.sfgov.org/site/visitor_index.asp?id=8091)

1850        Mar, The Pacific News, a daily newspaper, began publishing in SF.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1850        Apr 1, The San Francisco County government was established.

1850        Apr 15, The city of San Francisco was incorporated.
    (AP, 4/15/97)(www.sfgov.org/site/visitor_index.asp?id=8091)

1850        May 4, A fire broke out in San Francisco on Portsmouth Square. It consumed 16 blocks  and 300 buildings with damages estimated at $4 million.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A24)(SFC, 4/17/21, p.B3)

1850        Jun 1, The Daily Herald newspaper began publishing in SF.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1850        Jun 14, A 3rd great fire broke out in San Francisco. It raged for 3 days and consumed several hundred buildings with losses close to $5 million.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A24)(SFC, 4/17/21, p.B3)

1850        Jul 4, In San Francisco David G. Robinson and a partner opened the 280-seat Dramatic Museum on California St. The theater burned down within a year.
    (SFC, 1/5/19, p.C3)

1850        Aug 1, The Evening Picayune newspaper began daily publishing in SF.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1850        Sep, A 4th major fire broke out in SF.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A24)

1850        Oct 29, In Yerba Buena, later San Francisco, Eustachquio Valencia (20) married Ann Frances Moses (16) in Mission Dolores. She had arrived with her Mormon family in 1846.
    (SFC, 6/12/21, p.B1)

1850        Oct, In San Francisco the Eureka Benevolent Society was organized at 414 Clay St. Some 746 members met to “assist poor and needy Hebrews in want or sickness."
    (SFC, 10/13/09, p.E5)(SFL)
1850        Oct, Paul Geddes, who had robbed a bank in Philadelphia and renamed himself Talbot H. Green in California, was exposed as he was about to run for mayor of SF.

1850        Nov, San Francisco voters approved a plank road from downtown out to the Mission. Alderman Alfred Green and brothers George and John Treat immediately began working on competing plans for racetracks in the Mission. Entrepreneur Col. Charles Wilson and partners had proposed the toll road at their own expense. The town council agreed, but stipulated that ownership be turned over to the city in seven years.
    (SFC, 5/14/16, p.C2)(SFC, 11/28/20, p.B4)

1850        Dec, A 5th major fire broke out in SF.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A24)

1850        The Abner Phelps house was built at 1111 Oak St. In 2001 it was the oldest dwelling in SF.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, WBb p.1)(SFL)
1850        Giuseppe Bazzuro turned an abandoned ship into San Francisco’s 1st Italian restaurant.
    (SFC, 9/7/05, p.F4)
1850        In San Francisco Fred Lawson, a Norwegian sea captain, began sinking ships to lock in his underwater real estate. By 1953 he sank numerous ships including four in a block of water later bounded by Davis,  Drumm, Pacific and Jackson streets.
    (SFC, 1/25/14, p.C1)
1850        Pres. Fillmore recommended a federal mint in SF to replace the 20 private mints.
    (SSFC, 1/28/03, p.E1)(SFL)
1850        The US Treasury contracted Moffat & Company, a private mint firm in San Francisco, to mint American government stamped coins.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.18)
1850        Col. John Geary, the first mayor of San Francisco, donated land for a square to be held in perpetuity for park use. It later became Union Square. He owned the surrounding property and looked to increase its value.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W27)(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)(SFL)
1850        John Coffee Hays, a Texas Ranger turned Californian, acquired a piece of the Coppinger land grant in San Mateo Ct. and called it Hays Ranch. He later became the 1st sheriff of SF and after that served as the federal surveyor-general for the state.
    (Ind, 5/26/01, 5A)
1850        Robert Ridley opened a bar south of San Francisco, called the Mansion House, in a decaying building of the Mission Dolores complex.
    (SFC, 11/28/20, p.B4)
1850        The Sydney Ducks, a ruthless gang of Australian ex-convicts, based their operations on the waterfront between Pacific and Broadway. They terrorized the citizens and set fires that devastated the city.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)(SFL)
1850        After statehood civil engineer Jasper O’Farrell began laying out South of Market’s street pattern with extra large city blocks, 2x the size of those North of Market.
    (SFC, 8/18/96, p.E6)
1850        James Folger (18), a native of Massachusetts, began roasting beans in SF. Folger’s Coffee established itself on the Barbary Coast and was the first major coffee company in SF. Jim Folger eventually traveled to the gold country to sell coffee to miners.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.D2)(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.C2)
1850        The Phoenix Day lighting manufacturer began operations in San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 4/3/06, p.G5)
1850        Ferry commuting began on the SF Bay. Robert Semple operated a ferry service to Benicia which had grown to some 1,000 citizens. Semple advertised in the SF newspaper, the Californian, which he published.
    (SFEC, 4/21/97, p.A11)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W26)
1850        Prussian-born Adolph Sutro (20) sailed through the Golden Gate on the steamer California.
    (G, Winter 98/99, p.1)
1850        In San Francisco an official graveyard site called Yerba Buena Cemetery was chosen in the triangle formed by Market, Larking and McAllister streets. The 13-acre site later became the SF Civic Center.
    (SFC, 3/5/16, p.C4)(SFC, 3/31/18, p.C1)
1850        San Francisco was roughly bounded by Union St. to the north, Market St. on the south, Powell St. on the west and Montgomery St. on the east.
    (SFC, 11/28/20, p.B1)
1850        In San Francisco only seven of 4,025 Chinese were women.
    (SFC, 1/6/18, p.C1)

1850s        Joseph A. Donohue and John Parrott founded the Donohue-Kelly Banking Co. in SF.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.C4)

1850s        Isaias Wolf Hellman immigrated to SF from Bavaria and later became president of Nevada Bank of SF which became Wells Fargo Bank.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.C2)

1850s        In the early 1850s SF surrendered San Mateo County.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)

1850s        SF was one of the few cities with a population of more than 30,000 and no police department.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, BR p.2)

1850s        In San Francisco Washerwoman’s Lagoon was a large pond used as a laundry site at Gough and Greenwich. By 1882 it had become polluted and was filled in.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A15)(SFC, 6/14/14, p.C2)

1850-1844    There are 1200 murders in SF in this period, and only one results in a legal execution.
    (SFC, 11/15/95, p.B-1)

1851        Mar 18, In San Francisco the new 40-foot-wide Mission Plank Road opened at a cost of $96,000. A horse rider was charged 25 cents; a wagon with two horses, 75 cents; a four-horse team, $1. The road was an enormous financial success.
    (SFC, 11/28/20, p.B4)

1851        Mar 24, In San Francisco pedestrians and horse drawn vehicles streamed out on the new Mission Plank Road to the new Pioneer Race Course, built by the Treat brothers. It was bounded by 24th, 26th Capp and Florida streets. It closed in 1864.
    (SFC, 5/14/16, p.C2)

1851        Apr 30, The California State Legislature passed an act creating a State Marine Hospital in San Francisco. $50,000 was earmarked for its construction.
    (SSFC, 5/22/16, p.N10)

1851        May 4, The Sydney Ducks set fire to a store on San Francisco’s Portsmouth Square. Most of the dwellings on Telegraph Hill were destroyed. The heart of SF was destroyed and some 2000 buildings burned down. This led to the formation of the secret Committee of Vigilance, which hung several criminals and drove others out of the city. Remnants from Hoff's store, built on a wharf over the bay, were found in 1986 during excavations for the Embarcadero West 33-story high-rise. Damage was estimated at $12 million.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A24)(SFC, 11/27/00, p.A18)(SFC, 10/13/18, p.C1)(SFC, 4/17/21, p.B3)
1851        May 4, The 1840-ship General Harrison burned to the water line. It was salvaged for parts, buried and not seen again until 2001 when construction at Battery and Clay revealed its remains. The whaling ship Niantic, already converted to a waterfront hotel, burned and sank into the bay. The Niantic Hotel was rebuilt and operated until 1872. In 1977 new construction uncovered the Niantic’s burned remains.
    (SFC, 9/8/01, p.A11)(SFC, 2/4/05, p.E16)(SFC, 2/17/18, p.C1)

1851        May, In San Francisco Sam Brannan and several other leaders formed the First Committee of Vigilance. They took it on themselves to purge the city of criminals. The group disbanded in September.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)(SFC, 6/1/13, p.C2)

1851        Jun 9, In San Francisco Father John McGinnis celebrated Mass in a hall at Fourth and Jessie and marked the founding of St. Patrick’s. The church was built on Market St. at the present site of the Sheraton-Palace Hotel. It was moved in 1872 to Eddy St. near Divisadero and served as the Parish Hall for Holy Cross. The wooden structure is thought to be the oldest in the city.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, z1 p.7)(SSFC, 6/10/01, p.A22)

1851        Jun 11, San Francisco vigilantes lynched John Jenkins (aka John Simpton) on Portsmouth Square for stealing a safe. He was part of contingent of ex-con Australians known as the Sidney Ducks.
    (SFC, 6/1/13, p.C1)

1851        Jun 22, In San Francisco a 6th major fire caused $3 million in losses. The Jenny Lind theater run by Tom McGuire was reduced to ashes.
    (http://sfmuseum.org/hist10/6thfire.html)(SFC, 4/17/21, p.B3)(SFC, 7/24/21, p.B5)

1851        Jul, In San Francisco Alfred Green’s new Pavilion Race Course opened. It was bounded by 20th, 22nd, Capp and Treat streets. It closed in 1863.
    (SFC, 5/14/16, p.C2) 

1851        Aug 31, The Yankee clipper ship Flying Cloud set a record for sailing from NY to San Francisco around South America in 89 days.

1851        Oct 4, In San Francisco the third Jenny Lind Theater, run by Tom McGuire, opened on Portsmouth Square on the same site as the two preceding it, which were destroyed by the fires of 1851. In 1852 a scandal erupted as the city of San Francisco purchased the theater for $200,000 for use as the city hall. In 1949 the site was named state landmark No. 192.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.C1)(www.noehill.com/sf/landmarks/cal0192.asp)(SFC, 7/24/21, p.B5)

1851        Oct, The first of 17 ships arrived in SF from France following a lottery by Napoleon’s government which provided passage to some 3,000 for the gold rush.
    (SFCM, 4/30/06, p.4)

1851        Nov 16, In France officials drew the winning numbers for the Lottery of the Golden Ingots. Some 7 million tickets had been sold for one franc each to finance the shipment of hand-picked French emigrants to California. From October 1851 to January 1853 a lottery ship sailed every month from Le Havre. 3,293 passengers of 4,016 arrived in San Francisco. The rest disembarked en route.
    (SFC, 9/5/15, p.C2)

1851        Books Inc. first opened as an independent bookseller in San Francisco.
    (Hem., Nov.’95, p.134)
1851        In San Francisco David G. Robinson built the Adelphi, where the city's first opera was staged
    (SFC, 1/5/19, p.C3)
1851        In San Francisco the St. Francis Church was rebuilt in adobe and blessed by Joseph S. Alemany, the new Bishop of Monterey. St. Francis served as his cathedral until Old St. Mary's was built in 1854.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A21)
1851        In San Francisco the congregation of the First Presbyterian Church moved into its first building in Chinatown, which burned down after 6 months.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A19)
1851        Jacob Gundlach arrived in SF and soon established a brewery. In 1858 he bought a winery in Sonoma.
    (SFC, 12/19/02, p.D4)
1851        The Hitchcock family transferred to SF and were welcomed into the Chivalry, a polite fraternity of transplanted Southerners.
    (SFEM, 4/2/00, p.46)
1851        San Francisco 's first street lights were erected on Kearny St.
    (SFC, 6/13/20, p.B4)
1851        The first SF omnibus line began operating between Portsmouth square and Mission Dolores.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A4)
1851        Henry Casebolt (1816-1892) of Virginia came to California and established himself as a builder and inventor in San Francisco.
1851        Harry Meiggs, founder of fisherman’s Wharf in SF, sailed to Mendocino with a full sawmill and made Mendocino the primary source for the Bay Area’s lumber. Meiggs had learned of the redwood and fir forests in the area following efforts to retrieve cargo from the 1850 shipwreck of the Frolic. A town built around the sawmill was first called Meiggsville before becoming Mendocino City.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, Par p.20)(SFC, 8/8/20, p.B4)
1851        Kalman Haas arrived in San Francisco and soon began operating a grocery wholesale business. The company later switched to liquor wholesales.
    (SSFC, 4/3/06, p.G5)(SFC, 3/19/17, p.C2)
1851        In San Francisco six prominent businessmen obtained a franchise for a water project to deliver water from Mountain Lake through a tunnel to the Presidio and then to downtown SF. The Mountain Lake Water Co. raised $300,000 and in 1853 broke ground on the tunnel. The project went bust after they failed to get an additional $500,000 to complete the project.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A9)
1851        In San Francisco 6 men sailed to the Farallon Islands and declared themselves owners by right of possession. They began gathering eggs and selling them to the city.
    (SFC, 5/25/13, p.C3)
1851        About 775 abandoned ships sat in the SF Bay. Some began to be used as offices and public buildings. The ship Euphemia became the city’s 1st jail and insane asylum. An enterprising barkeep cut a hole in the beached sailing vessel Arkansas and began selling what he called “Gud, Bad and Ind’ifferent Spirits" at 25 cents each. The Old Ship Saloon at Pacific Avenue and Battery Street was built in 1907 and remodeled in 1999.
    (Ind, 9/2/00,5A)(SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A2)
1851        Francisco Guerrero, Mexican official in Alta California, was struck in the back of the head by a slingshot and died. His murder was believed to have kept him from testifying in a murder trial.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)

1852        Feb 28, The French ship arrived in San Francisco from Le Havre with some 200 lottery emigrants. They included criminals, political prisoners, honest workers, common thugs and others considered undesirable. France had organized a national lottery for a gold bar and used the proceeds to ship people to California.
    (SF, 8/29/15, p.C1)

1852        Mar 18, Henry C. Wells founded Wells, Fargo & Co. with William C. Fargo in San Francisco as a Western equivalent to their east coast American Express. It evolved into Wells Fargo Bank, headquartered in San Francisco and now one of the largest financial institutions in the U.S. In 2002 Philip L. Fradkin authored “Stagecoach: Wells Fargo and the American West" for the company’s 150th anniversary.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.4)(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A10)(HNQ, 11/20/98)(SFC, 2/6/02, p.D1)
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.B1,4)

1852        Mar, Hubert Bancroft (1832-1918) was sent to San Francisco from New York to established a regional office of his family’s book selling business. In 1868 he abandoned business to devote himself entirely to writing and publishing history.
    (SFC, 5/27/14, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Howe_Bancroft)

1852        May 1, San Francisco’s Board of Aldermen passed Ordnance 228 making it illegal to hold bullfights or to exhibit or fight other animals east of larking and Ninth streets or to advertise the fights on Sundays.
    (SFC, 3/4/17, p.C4)

1852        Jun 18, In San Francisco Domingo Ghirardelli, an Italian candy-maker from Peru, announced the opening of his chocolate business at Washington and Kearny streets. [see 1855]
    (SFC, 10/8/97, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 4/26/02, p.G8)(SSFC, 10/14/18, p.M6)

1852        Jun, In San Francisco one of the weekly bull and bear fights held this month near the crumbling old Mission Dolores was described in detail in a journal by Theophile de Rutte.
    (SFC, 3/4/17, p.C4)

1852        Aug 2, State Sen. James W. Denver, from Klamath and Trinity counties, challenged Edward Gilbert, editor of the SF Alta California newspaper, to a duel due to an inflammatory editorial. The pair met at Fair Oaks, near Sacramento, and when Gilbert forced a 2nd round of shots, Denver put a fatal shot through his chest. Denver’s 2nd shot hit Gilbert above the left hip. C.A. Washburn succeeded Gilbert at the Alta.
    (PI, 6/13/98, p.5A)(PI, 8/8/98, p.5)(SFC, 7/19/14, p.C2)

1852        Nov, In San Francisco John Quinn was ordained at St. Francis Church.
    (SSFC, 3/25/12, DB p.41)

1852        Lighthouse builders arrived on the Farallon Islands. The Pacific Egg Co. claimed ownership and gathered murre eggs there for sale to San Franciscans. Manned lighthouse operations began their in 1855 and continued to 1972. In 1881 the government evicted the Pacific Egg Co.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.E4)
1852        In San Francisco David G. Robinson built the 2000-seat American, a theater for "serious" drama.
    (SFC, 1/5/19, p.C3)
1852        Three churches were founded in SF: Bethel Methodist, First Zion and the Third Baptist celebrated their 150 year anniversaries in 2002.
    (SFC, 9/9/02, p.A19)
1852        In San Francisco Robert B. Woodward opened his What Cheer House on Sacramento and Leidesdorff. It offered cheap clean rooms and prohibited women.
    (SFC, 12/19/15, p.C1)
1852        In San Francisco half-brothers George and Samuel Shreve opened Shreve & Co., their 1st jewelry near what later became Union Square. It remained a retail store until 1881 when George (d.1893) opened a jewelry-making factory.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F3)(SFC, 9/19/07, p.G6)
1852        The Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul opened an orphanage at Market and Montgomery. The nuns arrived to care for the orphans and victims of the cholera epidemic. The orphanage later moved and was renamed Mount St. Joseph.
    (SFC, 9/15/98, p.A9)(Ind, 8/11/01, 5A)
1852        San Francisco's Sacred Heart school was founded.
    (SFC, 1/16/04, p.E2)
1852        In San Francisco the Daily Alta California reported on “full grown persons engaged very industriously in the game known as town ball."
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C1)
c1852        C.A. Washburn, the new editor of the Alta and opposed to slavery, dueled with B.F. Washington, editor of the Times and Transcript, who was pro-slavery. Washburn was badly wounded but recovered.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)
1852        The San Francisco Gas Co. was founded by 3 brothers. In 1905 it merged with California electric Light to form PG&E.
    (SFC, 4/7/01, p.A5)
1852        The Pioneer Appliance Co. was founded in SF.
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.D5)
1852        The Shreve & Co. jewelry store opened in SF.
    (SSFC, 4/3/06, p.G5)
1852        Frederick F. Fortmann and his wife emigrated to San Francisco from Germany and started the Pacific Brewery at Fourth and Tehama streets.
    (SFC, 1/26/19, p.C4)
1852        George Gordon began acquiring lots in the block bounded by Second, Third, Brannon and Bryant (later known as South Park). Lord Gordon bought 12 acres for $48,500.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.WBb3)
1852        In San Francisco the Hip Yee Tong association started trafficking women and by 1873 imported some 6,000 women from China making an estimated profit of $200,000.
    (SFC, 1/6/18, p.C2)

1852-1899    Malcolm E. Barker edited the 1996 book “San Francisco Memoirs: The Ripening Years" that covered this period. It was the 2nd of a planned trilogy.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.C9)

1853        May 15, In San Francisco a groundbreaking ceremony was held for a tunnel to deliver water from Mountain Lake to the Presideo and then to downtown SF. The project was not completed due to lack of funding. In 2010 the entrance, buried under 42 feet of landfill, was rediscovered in the Presidio near Polin Springs.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A9)

1853        May 21, Lola Montez (1821-1861), Irish-born dancer and former lover of Franz Liszt and mistress of King Ludwig of Bavaria, arrived in San Francisco aboard a steamer from Panama.
    (SFC, 5/31/14, p.D1)

1853        Jul 29, Pope Pius IX established the archdiocese of San Francisco, Ca., under Archbishop Alemany.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A22)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1853        Oct 15, William Walker set out from San Francisco with 45 men to conquer the Mexican territories of Baja California Territory and Sonora State. He succeeded in capturing La Paz, the capital of sparsely populated Baja California, which he declared the capital of a new Republic of Lower California, with himself as president and his former law partner, Henry P. Watkins, as vice president. He then put the region under the laws of the American state of Louisiana, which made slavery legal.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Walker_(filibuster))(SFC, 8/1/15, p.C2)

1853        Dec 23, In San Francisco a housewarming was held for Montgomery Block, the largest building on the West Coast, at Montgomery and Washington streets. In 1951 Idwal Jones authored "Ark Of Empire: San Francisco's Montgomery Block." The four linked structures, known as the Monkey block, were torn down in 1959 to make room for a parking lot. This later became the site of the Transamerica Pyramid.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, p.C2)(SFC, 10/13/18, p.C2)

1853        In San Francisco the Chinese Presbyterian Mission Church became the first US church with an Asian congregation.
    (SFC, 4/15/17, p.C1)
1853        San Francisco’s city engineer Milo Hoadley submitted a plan calling for the leveling of Telegraph and other hills. A special three-member board decided his plan would be too expensive, but did order some streets to be graded.
    (SFC, 5/28/16, p.C2)
1853        By this year there were 12 daily newspapers published in SF. The Sun was the favorite.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)
1853        In San Francisco the US Marine Hospital was built on Harrison St. between Main and Beale.
    (SFC, 5/28/16, p.C2)
1853        In San Francisco Col. Charles Wilson built a 2nd plank road on Folsom St. to Mission Dolores.
    (SFC, 11/28/20, p.B4)
1853        Joseph J. Atkinson, a brick contractor, built a 4-bedroom house at 1032 Broadway. It was designed by William Ranlett and remodeled by Willis Polk in 1893. It survived the 1906 earthquake and fire.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A15)(SFC, 10/1/14, p.C2)
1853        Fr. Flavian Fontaine, a member of the congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus, acquired land in San Francisco and built a brick building for the Catholic College of Mission Dolores. The site at 14th and Walter Streets stood empty as Fontaine, unable to pay his debts, fled to Panama. The site was acquired by Fr. John Nobili for $11,000. A Jesuit school here was opened in 1854 with Fr. Francis Veyret, SJ, as its only teacher, but it closed in September.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1853        Henry Meiggs completed a wharf between Mason and Powell  to serve the lumber trade. It extended 1,900 feet into the Bay. He fled to South America to avoid his creditors and died in Peru in 1877. His wharf grew to become Fisherman’s Wharf. Early businesses in the area included Abe Warner’s eatery “Cobweb Palace," Cockney White’s museum, Driscoll’s Salt Water Tub Bathing Emporium, and Riley’s Shooting Gallery. The 1998 book “Crab Is King" by Bernard Averbuch covers the story of Fisherman’s Wharf.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, DB p.30)(SFC, 8/8/20, p.B4)(SFC, 3/6/21, p.B2)
1853        A Morse telegraph was station was erected on the SF hill now known as Telegraph Hill. Telegraph Hill was once known as Tin Can Hill until a semaphore station was set up on the summit to alert the city on ship arrivals.
    (HT, 5/97, p.12)(SFC, 11/27/00, p.A18)
1853        John Parrott (42), SF businessman, married Abigail Eastman Meagher (18) in Mobile, Ala. He brought her back to SF and they set up house in a new brownstone on Folsom St. in the Rincon Hill. In 1859 they acquired property in San Mateo.
    (Ind, 11/24/01, 5A)
1853        Levi Strauss, Bavarian-born dry goods merchant, arrived in California. and Co. He got his start peddling tough canvas pants to California gold miners. When his canvas ran out he switched to serge de Nimes, which evolved into denim [see 1873, 1874].
    (SFC, 1/23/96, p.C4)(SFC, 1/9/99, p.D3)(CHA, 1/2001)
1853        Joshua Norton attempted to corner the SF rice market with the purchase of $250,000 worth of rice but went bust when rice carrying ships sailed into the Bay. He filed for bankruptcy.
    (G&M, 7/30/97, p.A24)
1853        J.G. Knowles established the first dairy in San Mateo County in the middle of what is now Daly City to supply milk to SF.
    (GTP, 1973, p.63)
1853        In SF the Laurel Hill Cemetery was established. Residents were moved to Colma in 1939-1940 and the site was used for housing.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.G6)
1853        The SF YMCA was founded and was the basis for the later Golden Gate Univ.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W21)
1853        The El Dorado saloon on Kearny St. in SF received a piano shipped around Cape Horn. The piano was later sold to the David Fay family of soap makers.
    (SFCM, 8/28/05, p.11)
1853        The freighter Tennessee was wrecked off the Marin headlands. The event spurred Congress to fund a lighthouse at Point Bonita.
    (WSJ, 9/17/96, p.A12)(G, Winter 96/97, p.3)
1853        The population of San Francisco numbered about 36,000.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A9)

1853-1854    Cornelius Garrison served as mayor of San Francisco.

1853-1906    This period was later covered by architectural historian William Kostura in his "Russian Hill: The Summit, 1853-1906."
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A15)

1854        Jan 10,  William Walker proclaimed the independence of lower California, calling it the Republic of Sonora. A serious lack of supplies, discontent within his party and an unexpectedly strong resistance by the Mexican government quickly forced Walker to retreat and return to San Francisco where he was tried but quickly acquitted.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Sonora)(SFC, 8/1/15, p.C2)

1854        Mar, Bret Harte arrived in SF with his sister.
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, BR p.6)

1854        Apr 3, The SF Mint opened at 608 Commercial St. It issued $4 million in gold coins this year. An Indian princess appeared on gold dollars. The mint used equipment previously employed by SF-based Moffatt & Company.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.A12)(SSFC, 1/28/03, p.E1)(WSJ, 12/12/03, p.W15)(SFC, 4/2/04, p.F3)(Economist, 9/8/12, p.18)

1854        Oct 3, San Francisco businessman Harry Meiggs departed SF aboard the bark America with his family after embezzling $800,000 from the city to cover debts. He took refuge in Chile where he built a railroad between Santiago and Valparaiso. After 13 years he moved to Peru.
    (SFC, 1/18/14, p.C2)

1854        Nov 1, Fr. Anthony Maraschi, SJ, arrived in San Francisco along with Fr. Charles Messea, SJ, and Fr. Aloysius Masnata, SJ.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Maraschi)

1854        Nov 4, The first lighthouse on the West Coast was built at Alcatraz Island.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.7)(MC, 11/4/01)

1854        Dec 8, Fr. Nicolas Congiato, SJ, arrived in San Francisco to serve as the superior of the Jesuit mission in California. He later served as the 2nd president of St. Ignatius College.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1854        Dec 25, St. Mary’s at California and Grant in SF, the first cathedral in California, celebrated its 1st service with a midnight Mass. The Gothic Revival church was designed by William Crane and Thomas England and used granite from China and bricks from New England.
    (SFC, 4/7/96, p.B-10)(SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)(SFC, 11/26/04, p.FF)

1854        In San Francisco the Bank Exchange saloon opened in the Montgomery Block. It was here that bartender Duncan Nichols (1854-1926) became known for serving Pisco Punch, a cocktail that used Peruvian Pisco Brandy. The recipe for the drink was reportedly rediscovered in 1964.
    (SFC, 12/28/19, p.C2)
1854        In San Francisco the Lone Mountain Cemetery was established. It was later renamed Laurel Hill Cemetery.
    (SFC, 3/5/16, p.C4)
1854        In SF the city’s original International Hotel was built on Jackson Street.
    (SSFC, 8/19/07, p.B1)
1854        The 1st California State Fair was held in SF. It was managed and funded by Col. J.L.L. Warren, a respected California seed and floral agribusiness man.
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.F7)(www.bigfun.org/fair-info/fair-history/)
1854        San Francisco’s South Park, the city’s first green space, was created as a private English-style oval.
    (SFC, 12/12/15, p.C2)
1854        Sarah Moore Clarke was the first California woman to start a newspaper. She began the Contra Costa weekly in Oakland and printed on the SF Evening Journal’s presses. She and her husband later bought the SF paper.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)
1854        Bishop William Kip, California's 1st missionary bishop, arrived and rescued the struggling congregation of Grace Church.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A19)
1854        Five Sisters of Presentation (f.1776) arrived in San Francisco from Ireland to teach the children of miners.
    (SFC, 11/12/04, p.F11)
1854        The Mechanic’s Institute was founded as a center for adult technical education to help overcome a post-Gold Rush depression. For some 17 years the Institute held mechanics and manufacturing fairs on Union Square.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.33)(SFC, 1/10/96, p.B2)
1854        Gustaf Francois Thomas arrived in SF from France and opened the G.F. Dyeing and Cleaning Works. In 2005 his descendants planned to end operations.
    (SFC, 8/27/05, p.B1)
1854        "Honest Harry" Meiggs, founder of fisherman’s Wharf in SF, absconded to South America after embezzling $800,000 from San Francisco's coffers.
    (SFC, 8/8/20, p.B4)

c1854-1856    George Robinson Fardon (1807-1886), British photographer, took pictures of SF for his "San Francisco Album 1854-1856," believed to be the first camera survey of an American city.
    (SFC, 6/19/99, p.B3)

1855        May 1, In San Francisco a deed was granted to Fr. Anthony Maraschi for Lot 127 on Market St. between Fourth and Fifth. It had been owned by Thomas O. Larkin, the first American consul in Monterey, who sold it for $11,500.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1855        May 3, William Walker sailed from San Francisco with approximately 60 men to intervene in a civil war in Nicaragua.

1855        Jul 4, The Whaling ship Candace, built in Boston in 1818, entered SF Bay and never left. In 2005 it was found at a SF construction site at Folsom and Spear streets.
    (SFC, 1/28/06, p.A1)

1855        Jul 15, In San Francisco St. Ignatius Church on Market St. was dedicated by Archbishop Alemany. The simple wood and plaster structure cost $4,000. Anthony Maraschi, SJ, soon began construction for a school and residence.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1855        Oct 8, James King, a Unitarian moralist from Boston, began publishing his newly purchased daily, the Evening Bulletin.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)

1855        Oct 15, In San Francisco St. Ignatius opened for classes with 3 students, including Richard McCabe, at 841 Market St. In the 1880s St. Ignatius College moved to a new campus on Van Ness. An advertisement this year referred to the school as St. Ignatius Grammar and High School.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1855        Nov 26, Several thousand people staged a parade and banquet at South Park to celebrate the Allied victory over the Russians in the Crimean War, the capture of the Malakoff fortress in Sevastopol.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.WBb3)

1855        Nov 15, In San Francisco Charles Cora, a professional gambler, attended the opening of the American Theater with Belle Ryan, the city’s most beautiful and famous prostitute. US marshal William Richardson complained of Ryan’s presence, but management refused to eject her. Richardson later accosted the gambler on Montgomery Street and Cora shot him dead. A trial resulted in a hung jury but Cora remained in jail.
    (SFC, 7/26/14, p.C5)(SFC, 8/24/19, p.C2) 
1855        Frank Soule, John H. Gihon and James Nisbet authored their 800 plus-page “The Annals of San Francisco."
    (https://archive.org/details/annalsofsanfranc00soul)(SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4,5)
1855        The Point Bonita Lighthouse was built for ships approaching the Golden Gate.
    (G, Summer ‘97, p.5)
1855        A normal school was set up in SF to improve the quality of teaching.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)
1855        By this year most of the streets of downtown and the Western Addition were laid out and given Anglo names.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)
1855        By this year South Park had 17 elegant homes with its own windmill and access to downtown by a horse-drawn omnibus that ran up Third St. to North Beach.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.WBb3)
1855        A depression slowed progress in San Francisco when the money supply dwindled after banks had overextended in loans to unprofitable ventures.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)
1855        A beer brewing operation, later known as the California Brewing Co. began in SF.
    (SFC, 4/9/04, p.F10)
1855        Kellogg & Company minted $50 coins on Montgomery Street. In 2001 only 12 of the original coins were known to exist and were valued at $250,000 each. 5,000 new coins were planned to be struck with the original dies from California gold bars salvaged from the 1857 wreck of the Central America.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.12)
1855        Raphael Weill, a French Jew, came to San Francisco and in three years became a partner in the J.W. Davidson Dry Goods Store, one of the biggest dry goods dealers in California. By 1885, the store was all his. The store was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. In 1909 a Beaux Arts-style building on the corner of Sutter and Grant became the home to Raphael Weill & Company and commonly known as the White House. The White House department store closed in 1965. Raphael Weill was a founding member of the Bohemian Club.
1855        In SF the State Marine Hospital building became the City and County Hospital of San Francisco with Dr. Hugh Toland of South Carolina serving as surgeon.
    (SSFC, 5/22/16, p.N10)

c1855        John Daly (13) arrived in SF from Boston. His mother died of yellow fever while they crossed the Isthmus of Panama.
    (CHA, 1/2001)

1856        May 14, James P. Casey, editor of the SF Times, shot James King, proprietor of the rival Evening Bulletin. King died 6 days later. A “Vigilance Committee" of 2,600 later marched up Sacramento St. and broke into the jail where Casey was held. On May 22 Casey was lynched with his unfortunate cell mate, gambler Charles Cora.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.1)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.C3)

1856        May 20, James King, editor of the Evening Bulletin, died from wounds suffered on May 14. His death brought about the rising of The Second Committee of Vigilance and the take over of the SF government.
    (http://elane.stanford.edu/wilson/Text/11b.html)(PI, 8/8/98, p.5)(SFC, 7/26/14, p.C5)

1856        May 22, Charles Cora, a gambler, and James Casey, a member of the SF Board of supervisors, were hanged by the SF Committee of Vigilance led by merchant Charles Doane, following a drumhead trial at “Fort Gunnybags, "the vigilante headquarters on Sacramento St. There was widespread belief that Cora and Casey were “in cahoots" with then sheriff David Scannel. Cora was in jail for recently killing US Marshal William H. Richardson, who had drunkenly insulted Cora's mistress, Belle Ryan. Cora and Ryan were married in Cora's jail cell hours before being hanged.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.C1)(SFC, 6/14/14, p.C1)(SFC, 8/24/19, p.C2)

1856        Aug 18, In SF thousands of armed men paraded through the streets and then formally dissolved the second Committee of Vigilance. They had run SF for nearly 4 months much to the distress of Mayor James Van Ness and militia officer William T. Sherman.
    (SFC, 8/18/06, p.B1)

1856        Nov 15, The clipper ship Neptune’s Car arrived in SF after sailing 136 days from NYC. Mary Ann Patten (1837-1861), the pregnant 19-year-old wife of Captain Joshua Patten (d.1857), commanded the ship for much of its voyage after the captain fell ill.
    (AH, 2/05, p.60)

1856        In San Francisco Tom McGuire remodeled his new theater and reopened it as McGuire's Opera House and added a saloon next door called the Snug. Drinks cost 12.5 cents.
    (SFC, 7/24/21, p.B5)
1856        Ephraim Burr (1809-1894) became mayor of SF and continued to 1859.
    (SFC, 5/5/07, p.B3)
1856        California Gov. Neely Johnson declared that SF was in a “state of insurrection" and called upon all citizens to enlist in a state militia, locally commanded by banker William T. Sherman, to crush it. Vigilantes in SF had forced some 25 cronies of Mayor David Broderick onto outbound ships following the discovery of false-bottom ballot boxes. Another 800 of the city’s “worst characters" had also been ordered to leave.
    (SFC, 8/2/14, p.C2)
1856        In San Francisco The Call newspaper was started by five unemployed printers and quickly became one of the city’s leading papers. Its original building stood at 612 Commercial St.
    (SFC, 10/5/13, p.C1)
1856        A surveyor drew a line across the neck of the San Francisco peninsula marking the border between Daly City and San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 2/27/11, p.A2)
1856        San Francisco’s Lowell High School opened as the Union Grammar School and attained its current name in 1896.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y4q3tp)(SFC, 5/26/12, p.A9)
1856        San Franciscans paid a quarter to venture into a basement room at the Mountaineer Museum at 143 Clay St. to view grizzly bears collected by John Adams, aka Grizzly Adams (1812-1860). In 1966 Richard Dillon authored "The Legend of Grizzly Adams: California's Greatest Mountain Man."
    (http://tinyurl.com/yaucamr4)(SFC, 7/7/18, p.C1)
1856        Abe Warner (~1808-1896) acquired a saloon on Francisco Street the waterfront of San Francisco. It came to be known as Abe Warner's Cobweb Palace and featured free-roaming monkeys and other wildlife. Warner continued operations until 1893 when it was torn down and replaced by a malt house.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Warner)(SFC, 3/6/21, p.B1)
1856        William Davis Merry Howard, SF merchant and pioneer, died and was buried on Lone Mountain. His body was later exhumed and reburied in San Mateo. His 15-acre El Cerrito estate passed to Agnes Poett, his widow. The estate stood on the dividing line between San Mateo and Hillsborough. Agnes soon married Howard's younger brother George and together built a sprawling country home.
    (Ind, 5/31/03, p.5A)(Ind, 9/1/01, 5A)

1857        In San Francisco the City and County Hospital purchased the North Beach School transforming it into a 150-bed hospital.
    (SSFC, 5/22/16, p.N10)

1858        Oct, Coaches of the Butterfield Overland Stage Co. began serving the peninsula. The Butterfield operation was already charged with carrying the US Mail from St. Louis to SF via southern Ca.
    (Ind, 10/31/98, p.5A)

1856        Dec 29, Snow fell in San Francisco and accumulated to 2-3 inches.
    (SFEM, 12/22/96, p.20)

1856        A Second Committee of Vigilance was formed after a newspaper editor was shot down by a corrupt politician.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)

1857        Oct 2, In SF the cornerstone for the new St. Francis Church was laid.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A21)(SSFC, 3/25/12, DB p.41)

1857        The San Francisco Slavonic Mutual and Benevolent Society, the oldest Croatian society in the US, was founded.
    (SFC, 2/17/05, p.E3)
1857        The California Savings and Land Association at 465 California St. was built. Henry Collins, one of California’s wealthiest black leaders, served as president of the first African-American owned bank in the country.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.B2)(www.afrigeneas.com/forum-west/index.cgi?md=read;id=43)

1857        SF merchant Charles Doane (d.1862), former leader of the SF Committee of Vigilance, was elected sheriff of San Francisco. He served two 2-year terms. Upon retirement in 1861 he was made general of in the California militia.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.C1)

1858        Mar 5, In San Francisco advocates of civil rights rescued Archy Lee, a slave held by Charles Stovall of Mississippi, from being taken from the city aboard the ship Orizaba. The story was later told by Rudolph Lapp (1915-2007) in “Archy Lee: A California Fugitive Slave Case" (1969).
    (SFC, 1/11/14, p.C2)

1858        May 20, William Ralston (32), banker, married Elizabeth Red Fry (21) at the Calvary Presbyterian Church in SF.
    (Ind, 11/2/02, 5A)

1858        Sep 15, The Butterfield Overland Mail Company began delivering mail from St. Louis to San Francisco. The company's motto was: "Remember, boys, nothing on God's earth must stop the United States mail!"
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1858        In San Francisco George Kenny built his Octogon House at 1067 Green St. In 1954 it was believed to be the oldest standing house in SF.
    (SFC, 11/19/04, p.F8)
1858        In San Francisco the First Baptist congregation built a brick chapel on Washington St.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A22)
1858        The St. Vincent de Paul Society of SF was established.
    (SFC, 9/15/98, p.A9)
1858        In San Francisco a saloon was established on the corner of Center Street (later 16th Street) at Guerrero. It burned down in the 1906 earthquake and fire. A new building was erected on the site in 1907. On Nov 21, 2003, it re-opened as the Elixir. In 2017 it claimed to be the 2rd oldest saloon in the city.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A2)(SSFC, 3/19/17, p.A2)
1858        In San Francisco the Catholic Monitor newspaper began to be published. It was folded in 1983 and a new version was scheduled in 1998.
    (SFC, 5/12/98, p.A17)
1858        Leland Stanford and his brother established San Francisco's first whale oil plant, the Pacific Oil and Camphene Works, at California and Front streets.
    (SFC, 8/4/18, p.C4)

1859        Mar 1, The present seal of San Francisco was adopted (its 2nd).
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1859        Apr 30, The California state legislature granted a charter to St. Ignatius Academy in San Francisco. The school then changed its name to St. Ignatius College with the right to confer degrees.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_San_Francisco)

1859        May, The San Francisco Industrial School opened as privately chartered "house of refuge" for destitute children. It was located in an area that later became George M. Rush Stadium of SF City College. In its first year it took in 60 boys and 5 girls and the children were put to work clearing its 100 acres and working on its farm. The school was run more as a prison than  as a school and in 1872 was taken over by the city. In 1892 it was closed and became a women's prison.
    (SFC, 3/17/18, p.C1)

1859        Jun 11, Comstock silver load was discovered near Virginia City, Nevada. Prospector James Finney stumbled across thick, bluish clay in western Nevada. A fellow minor, Henry Comstock, gave his name to the lode, the most lucrative silver ore mine in history. Ott’s Assay Office in Nevada City, Ca., first assayed samples of the rich Comstock Lode of Nevada. Four Irishmen known as the Bonanza Kings bought up shares in the Comstock mines and became rich. They were John Mackay, James Fair, James Flood, and William O’Brian. Ore from the Comstock lode was hauled by horse-drawn wagon over Donner Pass to SF.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, p.T6)(SFC, 4/14/96, T-3)(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.17)(RFH-MDHP, 1969, p.107)(SC, 6/11/02)

1859        Sep 13, David C. Broderick, a US Senator, faced David S. Terry, Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court, in a duel at Lake Merced. Broderick was hit in the chest and died after 60 hours. Terry fled the scene and resigned his position the next day. He was charged with murder and was arrested Sep 23, but was not convicted. The weapons used were a pair of Belgian .58-caliber pistols on loan from an associate of Terry. Broderick’s weapon was set with a hair-trigger, and misfired. The pistols sold at auction in 1998 for $34,500.
    (PI, 5/30/98, p.5A)(SFC, 11/25/98, p.B8)(Ind, 5/12/01, 5A)

1859        Sep 16, In San Francisco US Senator David C. Broderick died at the Leonides Haskell house at Fort Mason, following his Sep 13 duel with David S. Terry, Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court, near Lake Merced.
    (SFC, 9/7/09, p.C1)

1859        Sep 17, The San Francisco Call Bulletin published a notice on an inside page announcing that Joshua Norton (~1818-1880), formerly a prominent SF businessman, has proclaimed himself Norton I, “Emperor of these United States." Norton lived at the Eureka Lodging House at 624 Commercial St., where he paid 50 cents a night for a modest room. The Masons provided him a stipend for the lodging. Norton soon added himself Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico with a proclamation delivered to the offices of the San Francisco Bulletin. He annexed the whole of the US and suspended the Constitution.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.64)(G&M, 7/30/97, p.A24)(SFC, 9/17/09, p.A1)(SFC, 4/1/17, p.C2)

1859        In SF the Francisco Reservoir was built on Russian Hill. It was decommissioned in 1940. In 2018 a plan to convert it into a 4.5-acre park was approved.
    (SFC, 3/15/18, p.D1)
1859        San Francisco police Chief Martin Burke boasted that many prostitutes have been removed from the Chinatown area and other streets. There was no effort to actually end prostitution.
    (SFC, 1/20/18, p.C2)
1859        In San Francisco the Chinese Presbyterian Mission Church founded the first school in the US to admit Chinese students. It closed after four months.
    (SFC, 4/15/17, p.C1)
1859        The SF Call reported on the “Hoochie Coochie" dancers on the stages of the Bella Union, The Olympic and the Midway Plaisance and other dance halls: “dances of licentious and profane character, obscenity were served in superior style."
    (SFEM,11/30/97, p.20)
1859        Milton Slocum Latham became governor of California. He resigned within hours after receiving an appointment to the US Senate. His SF home at 656 Folsom St. was alleged to be one of the most sumptuous in America.
    (Ind, 1/9/98, p.5A)
1859        Richard Tobin, SF attorney, co-founded the Hibernia Savings and Loan Society.
    (Daly City Fog Cutter, Vol 8 No. 3, 2008)
1859        The population of SF was about 50,000 people.
    (SFEM, 3/2/97, p.10)

1860        Mar 17, The Japanese ship Kanrin Maru, under Admiral Yoshitake Kimura, entered the Golden Gate after a 37-day voyage, on a diplomatic mission to San Francisco. It was the first Japanese ship to cross the Pacific. 3 sailors died while the ship was in SF. It set sail to return to Japan on May 8.
    (SFC, 3/17/10, p.C2)(http://www.kanrin-maru150.com/)

1860        Mar 29, The USS Powhatan arrived in San Francisco as part of a diplomatic mission from Japan. It carried official envoys including Niimi Buzennokami, the first Japanese ambassador to the US.
    (SFC, 3/17/10, p.C2)(www.kanrin-maru150.com/)

1860        Apr 3, The US Pony Express mail system began when one horse and rider carrying a bulging mail pouch began the 10 1/2-day run from San Francisco, Calif., to St. Joseph, Mo. Riders left St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, Ca., at the same time. They averaged 12 mph over 75-100 mile segments between 157 relay stations located 5 to 20 miles apart. The freight company of Russell, Majors and Waddell began the service. The enterprise failed after only 18 months, however, due to mounting financial losses and competition from the ever-expanding telegraph network. Donald C. Biggs (d.2000 at 72), prof. of history at SF State, later authored "The Pony Express: Creation of the Legend."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pony_Express)(SFC, 2/15/97, p.D4)(AP, 4/3/97)(SFC, 6/12/00, p.A24)(SFC, 7/22/17, p.C2)

1860        Apr 14, First Pony Express rider arrived in San Francisco with mail originating in St. Joseph, Missouri. The bay horse and rider with 25 letters arrived on the steamer Antelope following a 10½ day journey.
    (SFC, 8/5/17, p.C1)

1860        Apr 23, The Pony Express rider missed the boat at Benicia, Ca. Thomas Bedford, a 34-year-old stable keeper, was hired on the spot and boarded the ferry Carquinez with his horse. His discovered that his horse had lost a shoe and borrowed a horse from Martinez blacksmith Casemoro Briones and delivered the mail to the ferry at Oakland. The mail reached SF 9 hours and 15 minutes from the time it left Sacramento.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A19)

1860        May 21, Phinneas Gage died in SF from a major seizure. Gage had survived an 1848 blasting accident in Vermont when tamping iron blasted through his skull. [see Sep 13, 1848]
    (ON, 10/02, p.10)

1860        Jun 7, San Francisco workmen started laying track for the Market Street Railroad. The line was planned to reach to San Jose.
    (SC, 6/7/02)(SFC, 1/23/10, p.A1)

1860        Jul 4, In San Francisco the Market Street Railroad Co. opened a line on Market from Third to Valencia running both horsecar and steam train lines. This was the first street railway on the Pacific Coast. It was opened by banker Francois Pioche. The steam railway ran from Battery and Market to Valencia and then south to his Willows beer garden.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(SSFC, 7/4/10, p.C2)(SFC, 12/12/15, p.C2)

1860        In San Francisco the Calvary Cemetery was established.
    (SFC, 3/31/18, p.C2)
1860        Rodney Tabor (13) and C.A. Wetmore (13), students at the Hyde Street Grammar School, began publishing “The Young Californian," a SF newspaper for kids.
    (SFC, 2/1/02, p.D13)
c1860        The sand dune deeded by Col. John Geary was removed and the 1st design for a public square (Union Square) was completed.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)
1860        The St. Francis of Assisi Norman Gothic church at Columbus and Vallejo was built around the original 1849 structure and was the city’s first cathedral.  Bishop Alemany dedicated the church on St. Patrick's day. It was gutted by fire in 1906 but restored.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, z1 p.6)
1860        The St. Brigid Church in Cow Hollow was built. [see 1863]
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A19)
1860        Rev. Jacob Matthias Buehler (23) arrived in SF and took over the 20 member Lutheran congregation.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A19)
1860        The Saloon at 1232 Grant Avenue began operating about this time. It survived the 1906 earthquake and fire as fire fighters managed to save the building, also home to a brothel.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A2)
1860        Carleton Watkins shared a photographic studio on Montgomery St. He produced a series of stereoscopic views in one of the early photo publishing ventures in SF. Watkins had left Oneonta, N.Y., in 1851 and picked up his photo skills under Robert Vance, who operated a studio at 429 Montgomery.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, DB p.42)
1860        The population of SF reached 56,802.
    (SFC, 8/27/05, p.B1)

1860s        A brewery was built on Pacific Ave. It was named The Anchor Brewing Co. in 1896.
    (SFC, 3/3/99, Z1 p.9)

1860s        The first SF Butchertown was located around Polk and Chestnut.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A15)

1861        May, Groundbreaking was held at San Francisquito Creek for the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad.
    (Ind, 4/20/02, 5A)

1861        Jul 3, Pony Express arrived in SF with overland letters from NY.
    (MC, 7/3/02)

1861        The US Army’s red brick bastion at Fort Point, San Francisco, was built.
    (HT, 5/97, p.63)
1861        An Octagon House was built in San Francisco at Gough and Union by William C. McElroy, a miller and his wife Harriet. In 1953 the Colonial Dames persuaded PG&E to sell it for $1 on the condition that they move it across the street to 2645 Gough.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.33)(SFEC,11/2/97, DB p.31)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A2)
1861        San Francisco’s Market Street was paved.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1861        The California state Legislature gave the Sisters of Mercy $5,000 to help build an asylum for women in SF. Magdalene Asylum was built on Potrero St. and by 1874 housed 150 women and girls. In 1904 it was renamed to St. Catherine's Home and Industrial School.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A27)
1861        In San Francisco the Oakdale Bar and Clam House opened at the corner of Oakland and Bayshore. It later came to be known as the Old Clam House.
    (SSFC, 2/19/12, p.A2)

c1861        Marco Fontana formed the California Fruit Canners Association at a brick building near Fisherman’s Wharf. In 1963 the Cannery was converted to a shopping mall by Manchurian immigrant Leonid Matveyeff.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, DB p.30)

1861        Solomon Gump founded Gump’s. In 2018 the San Francisco-based luxury retailer filed for bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, WBb p.9)(SSFC, 8/5/18, p.A9)

1861-1862    The winter of this time flooded the area with a record 49.27 inches of rain with 24.36 inches in January.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/27/98, p.A1)

1861-1865    The mid-downtown park, donated to San Francisco by Mayor John Geary, became the site of rallies on behalf of the Union that gave the park its name. Many of the rallies were led by Unitarian minister Thomas Starr King (1824-1864). The block was renamed Union Square to commemorate the rallies.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W27)(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)

1861-1865    The Pioneer Woolen Mill by Fisherman’s Wharf produced blankets and uniforms for the Union army during the Civil War.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, DB p.30)

1862        Jan 21, In San Francisco Fr. Maraschi stepped down as the first president-rector of St. Ignatius. Fr. Nicolas Congiato took over.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1862        May 5, Gov. Leland Stanford signed a bill that appropriated $3,000 to convert the SF normal school into the first state sponsored institution of higher education. The California State Normal School.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)

1862        May, The San Francisco Board of Supervisors decreed that dogs in public without muzzles would be grabbed by the city pound keeper, kept for 48 hours, and destroyed if not redeemed for $5.
    (SSFC, 1/27/02, p.D6)
1862        May, In San Francisco St. Ignatius held a ceremony for the cornerstone of its new Jesuit residence and college on Market Street.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1862        Jun, SF Lawmakers signed a petition to anoint Lazarus (d.1963) and Bummer (d.1865), 2 popular rat catching dogs, as official city property and exempt from the recently passed muzzle law. In 1984 Malcolm E. Barker authored “Bummer & Lazarus: San Francisco’s Famous Dogs."
    (SSFC, 1/27/02, p.D6)(SFC, 1/30/04, p.A23)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.E11)

1862        Sep 14, In San Francisco some 3,000 people packed into Platt’s Music Hall at Bush and Montgomery to hear Unitarian minister Starr King (1824-1864) speak on behalf of the Sanitary Commission, a forerunner of the Red Cross. His speech inspired businessmen to raise money and within 5 days $100,000 was raised. In one year California raised some $500,000.
    (SFC, 11/30/13, p.C3)

1862        Oct 31, Rev. Buehler and his Lutheran congregation laid the cornerstone for the new St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church on Union Square. The land cost $5000, donated by Claus Sprechels, and later became the site of Macy's.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A20)

1862        SF impresario Tom Maguire booked Lotta Crabtree (15) into the Eureka Minstrel Hall, her first appearance on a legitimate stage. Lola Montez had helped Lotta develop her skills in Grass Valley.
    (SFC, 12/12/20, p.B4)
1862        In San Francisco the Pioneer Woolen Mill, later part of Ghirardelli Square, was designed by Swiss-born architect William Sebastian Mooser. Uniforms for Union soldiers were manufactured here during the Civil War. The brick building replaced the original wood frame mill which was built in 1858 but soon destroyed by fire.
1862        Grace Church was rebuilt in a brick Gothic style. It was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A19)
1862        Greek Revival houses were built in the Presidio along Funston Ave. They initially faced west but were turned to face eat in 1879.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, WB p.4)
1862        The San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange was established by 19 founding members as a marketplace for mining company stocks following the Comstock Lode strike.
    (SSFC, 1/25/04, p.I3)
1862        The Six Companies was founded in SF to assist Chinese arriving in California.
    (SFC, 4/1/04, p.B1)
1862        Charles Segalas began a liquor manufacturing operation that served the French and Basque communities in the Bay Area and Western states.
    (SFC, 7/10/99, p.A21)
1862        The Pacific Mail Co.'s Golden Gate steamer sank off Manzanillo. An English salvage company recovered gold bullion and artifacts in 1928.
    (SFC, 6/20/03, p.E2)
1862        In San Francisco torrential rains made this the city’s wettest winter.
    (SFC, 12/12/15, p.C2)

1862-1957    Bernard Maybeck, architect. He designed the palace of Fine Arts in SF and the First Church of Christ Scientist in Berkeley.
    (SFEM,12/797, p.46)

1863        Mar 14, Asbury Harpending (24) of Kentucky, Ridgely Greathouse of Kentucky and Alfred Rubery of Britain set sail from San Francisco with 20 fighting men aboard the J.M. Chapman on an expedition to intercept outbound Panama steamers loaded with gold and silver and send the money to the Confederacy. They were quickly intercepted, taken to Alcatraz, and found guilty of high treason. Harpending was granted amnesty after four months in jail.
    (SFC, 3/15/14, p.D2)

1863        Apr 29, Randolph Hearst was born in SF.
    (SFEM, 10/24/99, p.20)

1863        Jun 4, David Batchelder and a group of 27 armed men sailed from San Francisco to the Farallon Islands in 3 boats to challenge the Egg Co. for bird eggs. One man was killed and another died of wounds a few days later. In 1995 Peter White authored “The Farallon Islands: Sentinels of the Golden Gate."
    (SFC, 5/25/13, p.C3)

1863        Aug 24, In San Francisco actress Adah Isaacs Menken (1835-1868) appeared at Maguire's Opera House in the play "Mazeppa" wearing a scanty white blouse and shorts on the back of a rearing horse.
    (SFC, 4/28/18, p.C1)

1863        Oct 2, San Francisco Archbishop Alemany sent a letter to Fr. Maraschi, SJ, pastor of St. Ignatius Church, announcing that St. Ignatius Church would lose its parish status. The church did not regain its status as a parish until 1994.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1863        Oct 23, The railroad came to the SF peninsula. Some 400 people swarmed into 6 cars and rode to San Mateo’s Francisquito Creek to join a picnic as guests of the railroad management. The first stop out of SF was near the school house where Mission St. and Old San Pedro Road met. The depot was called Schoolhouse station.
    (GTP, 1973, p.73)

1863        Hubert Howe Bancroft discovered 75 volumes pertaining to California on the shelves of his SF bookstore and began accumulating works on the Trans-Mississippi West. His personal history project was completed in 1894 and in 1905 UC Berkeley acquired his personal library.
    (OAH, 2/05, p.A6)
1863        The first San Francisco Cliff House was built by real estate tycoon Charles Butler as a dining establishment for well-to-do families. The 160-acre site had been used as a potato farm by a man named chambers. It was purchased in 1881 by Adolph Sutro. The Cliff House burned down in 1894 and was rebuilt. It again burned down in 1907 and rebuilt in 1909.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.B1)(SFC, 4/14/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 4/5/14, p.C1)
1863        In San Francisco the Point Lobos Avenue toll road ran from Bush and Presidio to the Cliff House. Using it required owning or renting a horse and carriage.
    (SFC, 5/27/17, p.C1)
1863        San Francisco’s St. Brigid Church was founded. It was later rebuilt 6 times and transformed from a wooden structure to a granite building with stained glass imported from Dublin, Ireland. Construction had begun in 1860. The SF Archdiocese closed the church in 1994.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A14)(SSFC, 8/14/11, p.F3)
1863        St. Ignatius College in San Francisco awarded its first bachelor of arts degree.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1863        Fitz Hugh Ludlow, author of the 1857 book "The Hasheesh Eater," arrived in SF by the Overland Stagecoach. He rode with painter Albert Bierstadt who married Ludlow's wife in 1864. Ludlow wrote an account of his travels titled "The heart of the Continent." In 1999 Donald P. Dulchinos published "Pioneer of Inner Space: The Life of Fitz Hugh Ludlow, Hasheesh Eater."
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.4)
1863        As San Francisco voters considered a bond measure to help finance the Central pacific Railroad, Philip Stanford, brother of the governor, drove through the city on election day “handing out money liberally’ to all who would vote for the bond.
    (SFC, 7/8/96, p.D2)
1863        St. Mary’s College was built on College Hill near Richland Ave and Mission St. It left San Francisco for Oakland in 1889 and later moved to Moraga.
    (SFC, 5/22/13, p.E6)

1864        Jan 16, A celebration was held in San Jose for the completion of the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad.
    (Ind, 4/20/02, 5A)

1864        Mar 4, Thomas Starr King (b.1824), Unitarian minister, died in SF. During the Civil War, he spoke zealously in favor of the Union and is credited (by Abraham Lincoln) with saving California from becoming a separate republic. In addition, he organized the Pacific Branch of the United States Sanitary Commission, which cared for wounded soldiers. He led many rallies on behalf of the Union in SF, and the site of the rallies was later renamed Union Square.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Starr_King)

1864        Jul 5, William Ralston founded the Bank of California with $2 million in capital.
    (Ind, 11/2/02, 5A)(SFC, 4/7/06, SF Rising p.14)

1864        Aug 25, A combination rail and ferry service became available from SF to Alameda, Ca.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1864        Sep 5, In California boilers on the steamer Washoe exploded on its voyage from San Francisco to Sacramento. An estimated 175 people were onboard. Reporter Mark Twain estimated as many as 100 people were killed and 75 wounded or missing.

1864        Carleton Watkins made his "San Francisco Panorama" photograph that stretched across five 18x22-inch negatives.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, DB p.42)
1864        In San Francisco Rudolph Herman opened the Harbor View Baths on Strawberry  Island, a sand beach located between Fort Point and Aquatic Park. The area was razed in 1915 for the Panama-Pacific Int’l. Expo.
    (SFC, 5/4/19, p.C2)
1864        In San Francisco the Masonic Cemetery was established.
    (SFC, 3/31/18, p.C2)
1864        The SF Mechanics Institute, founded in 1854, paid $10,000 to build a grandiose pavilion for its fourth industrial fair on the southwest corner of Geary and Stockton.
    (SFC, 1/2/16, p.C2)
1864        In San Francisco a woolen mill was built on the block bounded by Beach, Polk, Larkin and North Point streets. In the 1890s it was taken over by the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company. In the 1960’s Ghirardelli transferred operations to San Leandro and the square was converted to a restaurant and shopping complex.
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.D4)
1864        UC Medical Center was founded as Toland Medical College. It was named after founder Dr. Hugh H. Toland, who arrived with the gold rush from South Carolina.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-10)
1864        The restaurant known as Jack’s opened on Sacramento St. From 1903 to 1996 it was owned by one family.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.B1)
1864        William Sharon (44) was sent to Virginia City as manager of the Nevada branch of the Bank of California.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)
1864        Herbert Liebes opened a fur salon which grew to become H. Liebes & Company. Liebes ran sailing schooners from Alaska to SF with cargoes of furs.
    (SFC, 6/29/04, p.B6)

1865        Jan 16, Charles (19) and Michael de Young (17) started a free theater-program sheet in SF called The Daily Dramatic Chronicle. Early quarters were at 417 Clay. They borrowed a $20 gold piece from Capt. William Hinkley, who owned the building where they lived, to start the paper.
    (SFC, 7/18/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.1)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/16/09, Extra p.1)(SFC, 12/8/18, p.C3)

1865        Sep 17, In San Francisco Mark Twain and ‘Mousetrap Man’ (Tremenheere Lanyon Johns) were seen walking up Clay street under the influence of hashish. At this time concentrated cannabis was commonly available in tincture or solid form in drug stores.
    (SSFC, 10/2/11, p.E9)

1865        Sep 24, James Cooke walked a tightrope from the San Francisco Cliff House to Seal Rocks.
    (MC, 9/24/01)

1865        Oct 8-1865 Oct 9, An earthquake hit San Francisco.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1865        Oct 21, Another earthquake hit San Francisco. It lasted for 42 seconds and caused major damage throughout the city.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1865        Dec, In San Francisco tensions exploded between volunteer firefighting groups during a race to a fire. Three companies engaged in a brawl that left dozens of men with broken bones, bruises and gunshot wounds.
    (SFC, 5/1/21, p.B3)

1865        Bret Harte edited the 1st collection of California poetry from newspaper clippings of poems compiled by Mary Tingley of San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.M1)
1865        A gas works was constructed in the China Basin area.
    (SFEM, 4/9/00, p.10)
1865        The Odd Fellows Cemetery was established on the slope of Lone Mountain at Stanyon St. In 1935 the bones were moved to Colma.
    (SFCM, 1/18/04, p.12)
1865        Andrew S. Hallidie moved to SF and started producing flexible wire cable for carrying buckets of ore.
    (ON, 10/03, p.8)
1865        William Butterfield’s auction business was founded in SF. In 1970 Butterfield & Butterfield was sold to Bernard Osher. In 1999 the operation was acquired by EBay, a San Jose-based online auction house.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.B1)(SFC, 3/8/08, p.F6)
1865        A judge ruled that San Francisco owned the Outside Lands, a 17,776-acre west of the city's 1851 charter line that was also claimed by the federal government.
    (SFC, 9/5/20, p.B4)
1865        The SF Elevator, a weekly black newspaper edited by Philip Bell, was established.
    (SFC, 7/2/07, p.B2)
1865        Irving Scott bought the Union Iron Works in SF and steered the foundry into the ship building industry (Pier 70).
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F2)

1865-1875    Henry Casebolt, San Francisco inventor of the cable car grip, built his Casebolt Mansion at 2727 Pierce St. in Pacific Heights.

1866        Mar 31, Fred. Law Olmsted, New York City landscape architect, wrote a long piece on city planning for parks with special reference to San Francisco.
    (SFEM, 7/27/97, p.30)

1866        Apr 6, Joseph Lincoln Steffens (d.1936), American political philosopher, investigative reporter and muckraker journalist (Shame of the Cities), was born in San Francisco: "Nothing is done. Everything in the world remains to be done or done over." "Never practice what you preach. If you're going to practice it, why preach it?"
    (AP, 5/16/97)(HN, 4/6/98)(AP, 4/24/98)(HNQ, 10/4/98)

1866        May 1, In San Francisco Robert B. Woodward (d.1879) opened Woodward’s Gardens amusement park with a 25-cent admission. He had bought property and a stately mansion of US Sen. John C. Fremont located between Mission and Valencia to the east and west and 13th and 15th streets to the north and south. In 1873 the park added the nation’s first aquarium. 
    (SFC, 10/30/12, p.E6)(SSFC, 7/19/15, p.F3)(SFC, 12/19/15, p.C2)

1866        Dec 26, In San Francisco Lazarus Moses was fined $300 for selling goods stolen by the Hoodlum gang.

1866        Dec 30, St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church on Union Square was dedicated.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A19)

1866        William Hammond Hall began to design San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park.
    (OAH, 2/05, p.A10)
1866        San Francisco established The Almshouse on the grounds of what later became Laguna Honda Hospital, providing shelter for the city’s unemployed and homeless men.
    (SFC, 8/26/08, p.B5)
1866        In San Francisco the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur opened Notre Dame school across the street from the Mission Dolores.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.F2)
1866        Swiss-born Antoine Borel (1840-1915) took over his brother’s SF mercantile firm, Alfred Borel & Co., when Alfred returned to Europe. Antoine later became director of the Bank of California (1882-1909), held directorships in the SF Dry Dock Co., the Golden Gate Milk Co. and the Spring Valley Water Co. He assumed the position of Swiss consul in 1885.
    (Ind, 4/5/03, 5A)
1866        In San Francisco Levi Strauss established his dry goods company headquarters at 14-16 Battery St.
    (SSFC, 3/24/19, p.D4)
1866        In San Francisco by this time Lawrence & Houseworth, opticians, had established their firm as the most prominent publisher on the West Coast. Their catalog included some 1200 images.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, DB p.42)
1866        Henry Casebolt, San Francisco transit tycoon, built a house at 2727 Pierce St.
    (SFC, 5/5/07, p.B3)
1866        Mary Ellen Pleasant was kicked off a streetcar in San Francisco and began arguing against laws prohibiting black people from riding them.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.B2)

1866-1874    The Brannan Guard, an African American military organization, was headquartered at 929 Pacific St.
    (SFC, 1/31/02, p.D9)

1867        Mar, Banker William Ralston separated from his wife Lizzie Ralston, who moved to France with their 4 children.
    (Ind, 11/2/02, 5A)

1867        Dec 2, San Francisco city supervisor Frank McCoppin (1834-1897) was elected mayor and continued serving through 1869. He was a principal stockholder in a land-grading company and played the decisive role in brokering complex negotiations for getting work started on Golden Gate Park.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_McCoppin)(SFC, 9/5/20, p.B4)

1867        John Middleton of San Francisco, after being elected to the state Legislature, introduced a bill to cut down Second Street, which ran through the middle of Rincon Hill. His bill became law in March 1868. The cut cost $380,000 and proved to be a disaster. It left elegant houses exposed on sheer cliffs and steep banks that slid during the rainy season. It later became known as Apache Pass as racist hoodlums hurled rocks at Chinese immigrants traveling to Chinatown from the Pacific Mail wharves.
    (SFC, 5/28/16, p.C2)
1867        In San Francisco the first dry dock on the Pacific coast was built at Hunters Point.
    (SFC, 6/9/15, p.A8)
c1867        St. Peter’s Church was built in San Francisco’s Mission district at 24th and Alabama by Irish and Italian immigrants.
    (SFC, 1/20/96, p.A17)(SFEC, 3/30/97, p.A3)
1867        The St. Paulus Lutheran church in SF was founded. The original church building burned down in 1995. In 2007 it moved from Gough and Eddy to join quarters with the St. Coltrane African Orthodox Church on Fillmore.
    (SFC, 5/28/07, p.D1)
1867        Laguna Honda Home opened as the Almshouse on 80 acres of land off of San Francisco’s Twin Peaks. The four-story wooden structure was designed by Samuel Charles Bugbee and Miner Frederic Butler.
    (PI, 5/30/98, p.5A)
1867        Sam’s Grill at 374 Bush St. opened in SF, Cal. It was operated as an oyster bar by Irish immigrant Michael Bolan Moraghan. In 1922 Sam Zenovich of Yugoslavia bought the operation and it became known as Sam’s. The Seput family, originally from Yugoslavia, bought it in 1937 and in 2005 sold it to Phil Lyons.
    {SF, Yugoslavia, Ireland}
    (SFC, 3/14/97, p.D13)(SFC, 9/21/05, p.F3)
1867        There was anti-Chinese violence in SF and Chinese laborers were driven from work and their homes were destroyed by whites angry over the economic conditions.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.4)
1867        Trans-Pacific trade was pioneered when the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. dispatched the 300-foot steamship Colorado from SF to Yokohama and Hong Kong.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.B1)

1868        Jan 12, Snow fell in SF and accumulated to 2 inches.
    (SFEM, 12/22/96, p.20)

1868        Feb 16, San Francisco police have recently been investigating the proceedings of a gang of thieving boys who denominate themselves and are known to the world as the Hoodlum Gang.

1868        Mar 27, John Muir (30) arrived by steamer in San Francisco and almost immediately set off on a 300-mile journey to Yosemite Valley along with Englishman Joseph Chilwell.
    (SSFC, 4/2/06, p.B1)(SSFC, 5/14/06, p.B3)

1868        Mar 31, Anson Burlingame, head of the Chinese Embassy, arrived in SF for a month-long stay.
    (Ind, 8/11/01, 5A)

1868        Sep 1, In San Francisco the Daily Dramatic Chronicle with widened coverage became the Daily Morning Chronicle.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A8)(SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W2)(SFC, 12/8/18, p.C3)

1868        Oct 21, A major earthquake, later estimated at magnitude 7, took place on the Hayward Fault in northern California. It destroyed the top of the San Mateo County Courthouse. At this time only 265,000 people lived in the Bay Area. The Marine Hospital at Rincon Point was badly damaged and forced to close.
    (SMMB)(SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)(SFC, 10/18/07, p.A15)(SFC, 10/9/10, p.A10)

1868        Mark Twain authored “Innocents Abroad" in San Francisco after returning from a trip to Europe.
    (SSFC, 4/18/10, DB p.46)
1868        San Francisco’s first real ballpark, the Recreation Grounds, was built at 25th and Folsom. Some 4 thousand fans watched the SF Eagles beat the Oakland Wide Awakes.
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C3)
1868        The Oriental Warehouse was built as a bonded warehouse for incoming trade from Asia. It was damaged by fires in 1988 and 1994, and by the 1989 earthquake, but was re-engineered to contain 66 live-work lofts and won a 1997 architectural award.
    (SFEM, 2/22/98, p.11)
1868        The SF-San Jose railroad line joined the Southern Pacific Railroad and became a part of the statewide system.
    (GTP, 1973, p.73)
1868        Etienne Guittard founded E. Guittard Co., selling provisions such as chocolate, coffee, tea and spices at 405 Sansome St.
1868        William Haas arrived in San Francisco from Germany and went to work for the Haas Bros, a wholesale grocery company started by his older brother Kalman.
    (SFC, 3/19/17, p.C2)

1868-1870    In San Francisco a warehouse was built between during this period on North Point Street. It was first used as a woolen mill and converted to a spaghetti factory around the turn of the century. The structure was demolished in 1960 to make room for 2 apartment towers.
    (SSFC, 11/28/10, DB p.50)

1868-1871    Bret Harte edited the SF-based magazine “Overland Monthly."
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, BR p.6)

1869        Jan 28, Cycling enthusiasts took over the Mechanic's Pavilion to demonstrate pedal-driven bicycles or velocipedes.
    (Ind, 8/2/03, p.5A)

1869        Feb 23, In San Francisco a Pacific Mail steamer arrived with 369 Chinese women aboard. Police Capt. William Douglas and a team of officers met the women at the Brannon Street docks and escorted them to Chinatown. Eight months later another 246 Chinese women arrived and were similarly escorted and delivered to companies that had ordered them.
    (SFC, 1/20/18, p.C2)

1869        Jun 24, Mary Ellen "Mammy" Pleasant officially became the Voodoo Queen in San Francisco, California.
    (HN, 6/24/99)

1869        Aug 18, Joshua Norton, aka Emperor Norton, in a proclamation in the Oakland Daily News ordered that a bridge be built between San Francisco and Oakland. This notice was later considered a forgery. [see 1872]

1869        Sep 22, The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrived in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West.
    (HN, 9/22/98)

1869        The Spreckels family, sugar and steamer mavens, built a mansion in Pacific Heights. It was valued at $1.9 million in 1998.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)(SFEM, 1/30/00, p.10)
1869        In SF the Original firehouse No. 1 was built. It was destroyed during the 1906 earthquake and rebuilt. In 1958 adman Howard Gossage bought it from the city at auction.
    (SFC, 3/28/09, p.C2)
1869        Second Street was carved through the west edge of Rincon Hill to connect downtown and the southern waterfront.
    (SSFC, 6/15/03, p.A11)
1869        In San Francisco the Portola district formally began when a group called the University Homestead Association named a 263-foot hill University Mound and laid out streets named Oxford, Harvard, Yale, Amherst, Princeton, Dartmouth, Holyoke and Bowdoin.
    (SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A2)
1869        China Basin began showing up on maps at this time. Ships arrived here from New York and China.
    (SFEM, 4/9/00, p.10)
1869        A depression hit after the completion of the trans-continental railroad and the Chinese became a target of ill-will as unemployment soared. In San Francisco they withdrew to a single area for self-protection and started businesses that would not seem threatening to their Caucasian neighbors. This was the beginning of Chinatown.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.17)
1869        The Pacific Lumber Company was founded. It was headquartered in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A4)
1869        Timothy Guy Phelps, former state Senator and US Congressman, was appointed Collector of Customs in SF. He served a term under Pres. Grant and another term under Pres. Harrison (1869-1872, 1890-1892).
    (Ind, 7/13/02, 5A)
1869        Gustave Niebaum and others incorporated the Alaska Commercial Company with offices at Sansome and Halleck. Its plan was to consolidate fur-trading and natural resources operations under a single umbrella.
    (SFEM, 10/31/99, p.26)

1869-1873    Joseph Bayma SJ (1816-1892), served as the 5th president of San Francisco’s St. Ignatius College.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1869-1877    In San Francisco a city dump was operated on the edge of Mission Bay and Mission Creek between Sixth and Seventh streets on what later became Berry Street. The area became known as Ragville or Dumpville as it attracted some 150 men living in shanties made of scrap material from the dump.
    (SFC, 10/17/15, p.C2)(SFC, 10/24/15, p.C1)

1870        In San Francisco some of the bodies from the old North Beach cemetery were moved to the new City Cemetery in the Richmond District, where many of the city’s poor were interred.
    (SFC, 3/5/16, p.C4)
1870        In San Francisco a shipwright’s house was built about this time at Hunters Point. In 2005 the SF Landmark Preservation Advisory Board approved it as SF Landmark No. 250.
    (SFC, 5/13/05, p.F2)
1870        In San Francisco a Norman-style castle, later known as the Albion Castle and Brewery, was built as a brewery at 881 Innes Ave. In 1940 it became the home of a mountain springs water company, which bottled fresh water flowing underneath. In 2005 it sold for $2.1 million and was put on the market in 2009 for $2.95 million.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.D2)
1870        In San Francisco Battery East, a three-quarter mile earth barrier with masonry enforcements was built at Fort Point to guard the bay.
    (Ind, 7/13/99, p.11A)
1870        Sherman Clay & Co was founded in SF. It grew to become the nation’s largest piano retailer. Levander Sherman bought the shop where he repaired music boxes.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.C1)(SFC, 6/22/01, WBb p.9)
1870        SF Supervisors designated the “Outside Lands" of the city for a new park. The Golden Gate Park commission held its first meeting under the efforts of mayor Frank McCoppin. The mayor was the principal stockholder in the SF Grading Co., and the firm wanted the city contracts for grading the park and transporting the dirt.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A5,6,8)(Ind, 10/28/00,5A)
1870        The “Act to Provide for the Improvement of Public Parks in the city of San Francisco" created Golden Gate park.
    (SFC, 6/26/02, p.A18)
1870        Seven private horsecar companies competed on SF city streets.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A4)
1870        By this time SF was the 10th largest US city with a population of 150,000.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A8)

1870s    In San Francisco the Albion Brewery at 881 Innes Ave. in Hunters Point was built of stones that served as ship ballast. Albion ale was made with water from springs that ran underneath and the Albion Water Co. next door later sold bottled water from the springs.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A19)

1870s        In San Francisco the Fairmont district was developed on the site of the Fairmont Dairy between Noe Valley and Glenn Park.
    (CAS, 1996, p.18)

1871        Mar 1, James Denman, the San Francisco superintendent of schools, closed the Chinese school in Chinatown citing its daily attendance of just 20 students.
    (SFC, 4/15/17, p.C2)

1871        The first light station for the Brothers Islands in San Pablo Bay was constructed. The islands were notorious for shipwrecks up to this time.
    (SFEM, 3/16/97, p.37)
1871        The California Historical Society was founded with 25 members. It was originally a men’s club and many of its records were destroyed in the 1906 SF earthquake and fire. It was later located at 678 Mission near Third. 415-357-1848. Open Tuesday-Saturday 11-5.
    (SFC, 8/30/96, p.D5)(SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.55)
1871        The San Francisco Art Association was founded. This was the first art school in the West.
    (SFEM, 11/24/96, p.8)(SFC, 5/30/03, p.E7)(SFC, 2/2/17, p.E6)
1871        In San Francisco eight teenage girls founded the Little Sisters’ Infant Shelter to help care for the children of working mothers and babies from broken homes.
    (SFC, 3/1/14, p.C3)
1871        Podesta Baldocchi began peddling flowers in SF. The firm was sold to Gerald Stevens Inc., a national chain, in 1999.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.D1)
1871        Carleton Watkins opened the Yosemite Art Gallery at 22-26 Montgomery where he displayed his photographic work as art. He went bankrupt and sold his work to photographer I.W. Taber.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, DB p.42)
1871        In San Francisco William Hammond Hall was appointed the 1st Superintendent of Golden Gate Park after conducting his first survey there early this year. “Destroy a public building and it can be rebuilt in a year; destroy a city woodland park and all the people living at the time will have passed away before its restoration can be effected." Hall created the park’s original design over sand dunes known as the “Outside Lands."
    (SFC, 7/28/97, p.A8)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A7)(SFC, 9/19/20, p.B4)
1871        The California State Normal School in SF was moved to San Jose at the urging of a local railroad line and Oscar Fitzgerald, superintendent of public instruction.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)
1871        Fr. Joseph Neri, SJ,  demonstrated the 1st electric light in SF from a window of St. Ignatius on San Francisco’s Market St. He used a large electro-magnetic device, the Alliance Machine, that had been used in the 2nd Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War for lighting defensive work.
    (SFCM, 2/6/05, p.3)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1871        In San Francisco Philip Arnold (40) and John Slack, prospectors from Kentucky, introduced a find of alleged diamonds and other precious stones to local businessmen.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.D1)

1871-1880    Union Square was cleared and redesigned as a formal strolling garden. It was surrounded by churches and residences.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)

1872        Mar, Joshua Norton, aka Emperor Norton, ordered SF and Oakland citizens to build a suspension bridge across the bay. His similar Aug 19, 1869, proclamation was later considered a forgery.
    (SFC, 12/15/04, p.A1)(www.notfrisco.com/nortoniana/)

1872        May, In San Francisco Andrew Smith Hallidie started excavation on Clay St. for a cable car system.
    (ON, 10/03, p.9)

1872        Jun 4, Kentucky conmen Philip Arnold (40) and John Slack took a party of San Francisco investors, including Asbury Harpending, to a site in Wyoming where diamonds and other precious stones were salted about. The con job took in hundreds of thousands of dollars before geologist Clarence King (30) identified the Wyoming site as a scam.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.D2)

1872        Jul 2, Jacob W. Davis of Reno, Nevada, sent Levi Strauss & Co. in San Francisco a sample of his work pants and a business proposal for Strauss to apply for a patent in exchange for a half share in the patent. Davis soon sold his half share to Strauss and moved to San Francisco to supervise the manufacture of the work pants.
    (ON, 4/05, p.11)

1872        Aug 23, The 1st Japanese commercial ship visited SF carrying tea.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1872        Dec 28, James Van Ness (b.1808), the 7th mayor of San Francisco (1855-1856), died in San Luis Obispo, Ca.
    (SSFC, 8/25/13, p.G3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Van_Ness)
1872        Julia Morgan, architect, was born in San Francisco and raised in Oakland.
    (SFC, 7/18/00, p.A8)
1872        Albert Bierstadt painted "Seal Rocks, San Francisco."
    (SFC, 4/21/99, p.E1)
1872        St. Patrick’s Church moved to Mission between 3rd and 4th. It was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and rebuilt in Gothic Revival style in 1914. [see Mar 17, 1983]
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, p.C1)
1872        The First Congregational Church of SF moved to Post and Mason. The brick Gothic church was seriously damaged in the 1906 earthquake. A new structure was opened in 1915. The Congregation sold the facility in 2001 with only 60 active members.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A17)(SFC, 4/23/01, p.A14)
1872        The San Francisco Bohemian Club was founded by 5 newspapermen, a Shakespearean actor, a vintner and a local merchant. The Bohemian grove, a 2,700 acre redwood grove on the Russian River, became their summer encampment. In 1974 John van der Zee authored “The Greatest Men’s Party on Earth."
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A18)(WSJ, 7/15/04, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/18/04, p.A18)

1873        Mar 17, St. Patrick’s Church opened on Mission St.
    (SSFC, 6/10/01, p.A22)

1873        May 20, Levi Strauss (b.1829), a Bavarian-born merchant in San Francisco, and Jacob Davis of Reno, Nevada, received a US patent their miners' work pants reinforced with copper rivets. They soon began marketing "waist overalls" at $13.50 per doz.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, B1)(SFC, 1/23/04, p.A10)(SFC, 8/28/98, p.B4)(ON, 4/05, p.12)(SSFC, 3/24/19, p.D4)

1873        Aug 3, Inventor Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tested a cable car he had designed for the city of San Francisco. Hallidie made the first cable car trip aboard his Nob Hill Line traveling down Clay St. from Knob Hill to Kearney and then back up.
    (www.sfmuseum.org/bio/hallidie.html)(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A16)(AP, 8/2/06)(SFC, 5/30/15, p.C2)

1873        Sep 2, San Francisco’s first cable car hit the tracks starting at Clay and Jones streets on Nob Hill.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Smith_Hallidie)(SFC, 2/1/14, p.C1)

1873        Nov 1, In San Francisco Ned Allen, owner of the Bull Run dance hall on Pacific Ave., adjacent to Chinatown, was stabbed to death. Allen had rejoiced in being called the wickedest man in SF. Bartlett J. Freel, aka Barney Flinn, was soon identified as the killer. In April, 1874, he was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 11 years in San Quentin.
    (SFC, 4/25/15, p.C2)(SFC, 5/2/15, p.C4)

1873        Nov 4, Dentist John Beers of SF patented the gold crown.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1873        Dec 1, In San Francisco James Otis (1826-1875) was sworn in as mayor.

1873        American writer Charles Stoddard (1843-1909) began a long tour as special correspondent of the San Francisco Chronicle. The “South Sea Idyls," a collection of his travel tales, were published based on his 1864 travels to the South Sea Islands.
    (SFC, 2/27/14, p.D5)
1873        In SF the city’s International Hotel, built in 1854, moved from Jackson Street to 848 Kearny.
    (SSFC, 8/19/07, p.B1)
1873        A stately home at 1882 Washington St. at Franklin was built. It was purchased in 1905 by banker Antoine Borel.
    (Ind, 4/5/03, 5A)
1873        The South End Rowing Club was established south of Market. In 1938 it moved to Aquatic Park. The club was established following the victory of 6 Irishmen over rowers at the Golden state Rowing club.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A23)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A17)(SFCM, 1/25/04, p.12)
1873        In San Francisco the Toland Medical college was gifted to the Univ. of California system.
    (UCSF, Spring, 2003)(SFC, 5/22/16, p.N10)
1873        In SF Mifflin Gibbs, the owner of a boot shop at 636 Clay St., was elected as San Francisco’s 1st black judge.
    (SFC, 7/2/07, p.B2)
1873        Gustave Niebaum (31), founding director of the Alaska Commercial Company, married Susan Shingleberger.
    (SFEM, 10/31/99, p.27)
1873        The Alaska Packers organized in San Francisco to transport workers for seasonal salmon canning work in Alaska. The Alaska Packers' Association (APA) was a San Francisco based manufacturer of Alaska canned salmon founded in 1891 and sold in 1982.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_Packers%27_Association)(SSFC, 3/21/21, p.A2)

1873-1876    Fr. Aloysius Masnata, SJ, served as the 6th president of San Francisco’s St. Ignatius College.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1874        Feb 3, Gertrude Stein (d.1946), poet and novelist, was born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Her older brother, Michael, managed the family business, which included San Francisco's Market Street railway line. Her parents were Daniel and Milly. The family returned to America from Europe in 1878, and settled in Oakland, California, where Gertrude attended First Hebrew Congregation of Oakland's Sabbath school. Her relationship with her brother, Leo (1872-1947), abruptly ended in 1914. Her work included "Three Lives," "G.M.P." and "Tender Buttons." Stein coined the term "Lost Generation" in reference to the disillusioned intellectuals and aesthetes of the post-World War I years. The 40-year relationship between Gertrude and Leo is told by Brenda Wineapple in "Sister Brother, Gertrude and Leo Stein." "Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense." "It is awfully important to know what is and what is not your business."
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, DB, p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_Stein)(AP, 12/27/97)(AP, 9/3/98)

1874        Mar 26, Robert Frost, poet (d.1963), was born in San Francisco. In a biography of Frost by Jeffrey Myers: “Robert Frost: A Biography," the author claims that Frost moved his birthday up a year (to 1875) to make himself legitimate. A 3-volume biography by Lawrence Thompson was completed in 1976. Myers reveals that Frost’s lover, Kay Morrison, was also involved with Lawrence Thompson, but that that would not be disclosed in the Thompson biography. "Before I built a wall I'd ask to know What I was walling in or walling out."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Frost)(AP, 3/26/97)(AP, 11/9/98)

1874        The Baldwin Hotel at the corner of Powell and Market was constructed with ice skating rinks and swimming pools. It burned to the ground in 1898 and was succeeded by the Flood Building.
    (Ind, 2/20/99, p.5A)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.E1)
1874        The San Francisco Federal Mint building opened at 5th and Mission. It was designed by Alfred Mullett, the Treasury’s supervising architect.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A13)(SSFC, 1/28/03, p.E1)
1874        In San Francisco Italians from Genoa built the Colombo Market two blocks east of a former location on Samsome St. between Clay and Washington. By 2015 only the brick archway survived in Sidney Walton Square Park on Front St. between Jackson and Pacific.
    (SFC, 2/28/15, p.C5)

1875        Apr 2, In San Francisco a painting of a dead maiden titled “Elaine" by Toby Rosenthal (1848-1917), was discovered stolen from the Snow & May art gallery on Kearny St. The Prussia-born artist had been raised in San Francisco before he went to study art in Germany. On April 4 police arrested William Donohue and three cronies and recovered the painting at a shanty on Langton St.
    (SFC, 12/9/17, p.C2)

1875        Aug 27, William C. Ralston’s body was pulled from the SF Bay in a case of likely suicide. He had built the Palace Hotel, was the founder of the Bank of California and had a sprawling estate in Belmont. William Sharon was named Ralston’s executor and became master of Ralston’s estate.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C4)(Ind, 7/1/00,5A)

1875        Aug, The Bank of California, headed by William C. Ralston, collapsed.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)

1875        Sep 9, On Admission Day Charlotte Mignon (Lotta) Crabtree (1847-1924), the “California Girl," dedicated a fountain to SF that was placed at Market and Kearney. She had acquired her reputation dancing on top of barrels in saloons. The fountain was cast in Philadelphia and shipped around Cape Horn to SF. It was modeled after a lighthouse prop from a forgotten play called “Zip." In 1998 the fountain was disassembled for a 4-month repair job.
    (SFC, 4/10/98, p.A1)(SFC, 12/2/98, p.A1,22)(SFC, 12/12/20, p.B1)

1875        Oct 30, San Francisco Mayor James Otis (b.1826) died of diphtheria.

1875        Nov 16, Jasper O’Farrell (b.1817), the first surveyor for San Francisco and architect of its streets, died after taking a drink at a tavern on Hardie Place at Kearny.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasper_O%27Farrell)(SSFC, 2/15/15, p.C6)

1875        In San Francisco the Ferry House, predecessor to the Ferry Building, was built. It was a 350-foot wooden shed and was soon replaced. In 1998 Nancy Olmsted published "The Ferry Building: Witness to a Century of Change."
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, BR p.2)
1875        The Palace Hotel opened in San Francisco. It was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. A new Palace Hotel opened in 1909.
    (SFC, 8/21/09, p.A10)
1875        San Francisco’s Lowell High School, then called the Union Grammar School, moved within San Francisco to Sutter Street between Gough and Octavia.
1875        In San Francisco a picture by Walter Yeager depicted the California St. offices of Lazard Freres: Bankers.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.D1)
1875        A Marine Hospital was built in the Presidio area of San Francisco. An adjacent cemetery operated at the site from about 1981 to 1915. In 1912 US marine hospitals became Public Health Service hospitals. A new structure was completed in 1932. In 1952 the hospital was expanded and Landfill 8 covered the graves, which were never moved. In 1981 the hospital was decommissioned and in 2010 reopened as 154 luxury apartments. Landfill 8 was capped with sand and underwent restoration to resemble its original, pre-European look.
    (SFC, 11/25/06, p.B5)(SFC, 10/9/10, p.A10)
1875        James Lick, San Francisco real estate magnate, ordered a pre-fabricated glass house for his estate but died before it was erected. A group of wealthy men led by Leland Stanford donated the glass house to Golden Gate Park, where it became the Conservatory of Flowers. [see 1879]
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.4)(SFC, 8/24/01, p.A23)
1875        William Sharon of SF was elected to a 6-year term as Senator from Nevada. It is believed that he spent some $1 million to get elected.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)
1875        In San Francisco the Simon Brothers opened a grocery store at 2829 California Street. In 1967 it was gutted by a fire.
    (SSFC, 7/16/17, DB p.50)
1875        In San Francisco a Tong war started when members of the Suey Sing Tong and the Kwong Duck Tong crossed hatchets over a Ross Alley prostitute known as the "Golden Peach." A fight on Waverly Place left four men dead and 12 wounded.
    (SFC, 12/14/19, p.C2)

1876        Jan 12, Jack London (d.1916), American writer and adventurer, was born in SF at 3rd and Brannon. The original home burned down in the 1906 fire. He is best known for his dog novels "The Call of the Wild" and “White Fang."
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AHD, p.768)(HN, 1/12/99)(SFC, 1/10/03, p.E6)

1876        Jul 4, Fr. Joseph Neri, SJ, introduced electric lights on Market Street in SF.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1876        Dec 7, Colonel Hayward, Vermont-born mining millionaire, remarried his wife Charity in SF.
    (Ind, 12/8/01, 5A)

1876        California approved harbor lines for San Francisco. Construction of a seawall began in 1878.
    (SSFC, 7/10/16, p.A14)
1876        The First Baptist Congregation moved to Eddy St. between Jones and Leavenworth and 2 churches were built on the site. The 2nd one burned down in the 1906 fire.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A22)
1876        The California Maritime Academy was founded. The Board of Supervisors and the Chamber of Commerce proposed to train young criminals onboard the ship Jamestown for work in the merchant naval service. Its history is told by Capt. Walter W. Jaffee in "The Track of the Golden Bear, The California Maritime Academy Schoolships."
    (SFEM, 1/19/96, p.7)
1876        The SF Native Sons fraternal order was founded.
    (SFC, 2/22/96, p.A21)
1876        Pioneer Park on Telegraph Hill was donated to the city by a group of citizens.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.A23)
1876        B.E. Lloyd attributed the high restaurant activity in the city to the high percentage of residents living in rooming houses or hotels in the post-Gold Rush era.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, zz1, p.1)
1876        Austin and Reuben Hills began roasting coffee at the Bay City Market in SF. [see 1878]
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A1)
1876        Lazard Freres ceased operations as a fabrics and hardware import-export company and established itself as the bank: Lazard Freres & Co.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.D1)
1876        The Livingston Brothers department store was founded.
    (SFC, 5/27/97, p.A22)
1876        Oil was struck in a well near what later became Santa Clarita, California. It was sold to the Pacific Coast Oil Co. of San Francisco in 1879, which eventually became Chevron.
    (SSFC, 10/29/06, p.F6)
1876        James Lick, one of the wealthiest men in SF and a notorious miser, died. He gave away most of his wealth before dying and the elevated 101 freeway from the Bay Bridge to Candlestick Point was later named in his honor as was the Lick Observatory on Mt. Hamilton.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A11)

1876-1880    Fr. John Pinasco, SJ, served as the 7th president of San Francisco’s St. Ignatius College.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1877        Apr 8, In San Francisco the small lake know initially as Laguna Pequeno and then Washerwoman’s Lagoon, was filled in. Byproducts from slaughterhouses tanneries, factories and raw sewage had polluted the area over the years. It was roughly bounded by streets later known as Lombard, Filbert, Gough and Octavia.
    (SFC, 11/26/16, p.C2)

1877        Jul 23, Riots broke out in San Francisco as the Workingmen's Party called for reforms near the unfinished City Hall. Over the next few days rioters killed several Chinese people and set fire to Chinese businesses. A brigade of 4,000 volunteers fought back the rioters and when order was restored 4 rioters lay dead and dozens of Chinese businesses destroyed.
    (SFC, 2/20/21, p.B4)

1877        Aug, In the midst of a recession and the turmoil of anti-Chinese riots, San Franciscans decided to build a public library.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, EM, p.20)

1877        Oct 29, In San Francisco Denis Kearney led his Workingmen's Party followers to Nob Hill to rage against magnates of the Central Pacific Railroad who employed Chinese workers.
    (SFC, 2/20/21, p.B4)
1877        Oct 29, In San Francisco the Jesuits paid $200,000 for lot 74 of the Western Addition, a block of land bordered by Van Ness, Hayes, Franklin and Grove Streets. Construction of a new church, campus and residence buildings lasted from 1878-1880 and cost $323,763.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1877        San Francisco’s Bayview neighborhood was dubbed “Butchertown" as 18 slaughterhouses set up shop on the waterfront.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.A12)
1877        San Francisco’s 2nd cable car line, the Sutter Street Railroad, ran out Sutter from Market and Sansome to its power house at Larkin and Bush.
    (SFC, 2/1/14, p.C3)
1877        Cable cars began operating on Geary Street.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)
1877        In San Francisco the Dolphin Club, a rowing organization, was founded by brewery owner Joseph Wieland.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A23)
1877        Felix Schoenstein, a German immigrant and organ builder, founded the Schoenstein & Co. organ builders in San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 2/22/04, p.I3)
1877        Isaac Magnin and his wife Mary Ann Cohen Magnin founded their first I. Magnin store in SF. The original store was located on Market street. It moved to Grant Avenue after the 1906 earthquake and in 1948 opened at Geary and Stockton in the “Marble Lady," designed by Timothy Pflueger. It merged with Bullocks in 1944 and became a division of Federated Department Stores in 1964. The store closed Jan 15, 1995.
    (SSFC, 12/31/06, p.E5)
1877        The San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange moved into a building on Pine St.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F3)
1877        Almost one-fourth of the California labor force was unemployed. Anti-Chinese feelings in SF resulted in several killings. The Sand Lot riots began under the leadership of Denis Kearney, who organized mobs that attacked the Chinese. The Chronicle newspaper called him “a political mad dog." These riots followed similar mob attacks in the Eastern States.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.4)(www.sfmuseum.org/hist2/kearneyism.html)

1878        Jan 25, Off of San Francisco the 3-masted clipper ship King Philip, built in Maine in 1856, was towed by a tug through the Golden Gate and laid anchor to allow the tug to assist a nearby vessel. The anchor failed and the King Philip drifted onto sand at Ocean Beach, where it foundered. Remnants of the ship appeared in 1980 and again in 2007.
    (SFC, 5/8/07, p.B5)

1878        Mar 26, Hastings College of Law was founded in SF. It was named after Serranus Clinton Hastings, the 1st chief justice of the California Supreme Court.
    (SS, 3/26/02)(SFCM, 10/26/03, p.8)

1878        Aug 3, Ambrose Bierce in the SF Argonaut stated: There is no recorded instance of punishment for shooting a newspaperman. The restrictions of the game law do not apply to this class of game."
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.1)

1878        Isadora Duncan (d.1927), US pioneer in modern dance, was born in San Francisco.
    (WUD, 1994, p.442)(SFC, 7/18/00, p.A8)
1878        Henry Burgess painted “View of San Francisco in 1850."
    (WSJ, 4/3/98, p.W10)
1878        In San Francisco French artist Jules Tavernier completed "Dance in a Subterranean Roundhouse" (1878), a scared ritual of the Elem Pomo tribe in Clear Lake. The work was commissioned by banker Tiburcio Parrott y Ochoa as a gift for business partner Baron Edmond de Rothschild. In 2016 the painting was purchased by New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art.
    (SFC, 8/28/21, p.D4)
1878        Ephraim Burr (1809-1894), former mayor of SF (1856-1859), built an Italianate house at 1772 Vallejo St.
    (SFC, 5/5/07, p.B3)
1878        In SF a house was built at 2066 Pine Street. In 1921 it was turned into the Madame C.J. Walker Home for Girls.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.B2)
1878        The Mill Building at 720 York St., designed by Laver & Curlett, was built. It was restored in 1998.
    (SSFC, 11/6/11, p.D2)
1878        The Big Four, Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins and Charles Crocker, formed the city’s second cable car company, the California Street Cable Railroad, to go from Market St. to their mansions atop Nob Hill.
    (SFC, 7/8/96, p.D1)
1878        The 1st SF telephone directory, printed by the American Speaking Telephone Co., listed 168 entries on a single page.
    (SFC, 9/2/05, p.F2)
1878        The clipper ship King Philip was stranded on Ocean Beach at the foot of Ortega St.
    (G, Winter 96/97, p.3)
1878        Austin and R.W. Hills founded Hills Bros. Coffee in SF. [see 1876]
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.D2)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.C2)
1878        A waiter in SF concocted the dish named chop suey for Li Hung-Chang, the first Chinese viceroy to visit SF.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)

1879        cJun 2, Henry Cogswell, an eccentric dentist, buried a lead box time capsule at the foot of the Benjamin Franklin statue in Washington Square. It was opened Apr 22, 1979 and contained a copy of The Call newspaper dated Jun 2, 1879, Harper's Weekly dated May 1872, and books of poetry.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, p.D4)

1879        Jul 8, The first ship to use electric lights departed from San Francisco, California.
    (HN, 7/8/98)

1879        Aug 22, Robert B. Woodward (1824), San Francisco entrepreneur, died in Napa, Ca. His SF amusement park began to decline and closed in 1891.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=19878465)(SFC, 12/19/15, p.C2)

1879        Aug, Charles de Young, an editor of the SF Chronicle, shot and wounded Isaac Kalloch, a preacher with a history of drinking, gambling and seducing his female parishioners. Kalloch had been recently chose by the new Workingmen's Party to run for mayor. Kalloch recovered and went on to elected mayor of San Francisco.
    (SFC, 4/3/21, p.B4)

1879        Sep 10, Pacific Coast Oil Co. was founded in San Francisco by Lloyd Tevis, George Loomis and Charles Felton. In 1906 it became Standard Oil Co. (California). In 1926 it became Standard Oil Co. of California (Socal). In 1984 it became Chevron Corp. In 2001 it became ChevronTexaco. In 2005 it was renamed Chevron Corp.
    (SFC, 10/20/04, p.C6)(SFC, 5/10/05, p.D1)

1879        Sep 20, Former Pres. Ulysses S. Grant arrived in San Francisco aboard the steamship City of Tokio. He was in a bad mood because a steward had just emptied a glass of water with his false teeth through a porthole.
    (Ind, 2/17/00, 5A)

1879        Oct 24, In San Francisco the 9-day “Author’s Carnival" opened as a fundraiser for six charities. Six thousand people attended each  night.
    (SFC, 3/1/14, p.C3)

1879        Dec 1, Isaac Kalloch (1832-1877), a member of the Workingmen's Party, began serving as mayor of San Francisco and continued to Dec. 4, 1881.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Smith_Kalloch)(SFC, 2/20/21, p.B4)

1879        In San Francisco John Conley (d.1883) built an 18-room Victorian on the northwest corner of Eddy and Gough streets. In 1895 the mansion was sold to Henry F. Fortmann for $42,500. The building was later featured as the McKittrick Hotel in the Alfred Hitchcock film Vertigo (1958).
    (SFC, 1/26/19, p.C4)
1879        The ornate white frame of the Conservatory of Flowers was imported from Ireland and erected. The disassembled parts were purchased from the estate of SF millionaire James Lick by Charles Crocker, who donated it to the city in 1875.
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.5R)(Ind, 10/28/00,5A)
1879        The San Francisco Free Public Library was opened in Pacific Hall on Bush St., between Kearny and Dupont (later Grant) streets.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, EM, p.20)
1879        The 1st SF bicycle tournament was held at the Mechanics Pavilion. The 400-mile event required 2,400 circuits. The winner won $500 after a 72-hour ride.
    (Ind, 8/2/03, p.5A)
1879        Abby Fisher, one of 18 pickle manufacturers, was recognized for “best display of pickles" and won $5 prize money.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, zz1, p.1)
1879        San Francisco police formed the Chinatown Squad to suppress gambling.
    (SFC, 12/14/19, p.C1)
1879        Police arrested dancer Mabel Santly for indecent exposure following a vilification of the Can-can by the SF Chronicle. She was fined $300 for failing to keep her skirts around her ankles.
    (SFEM,11/30/97, p.20)
1879        Adolph Sutro returned to SF after becoming a millionaire from building a tunnel to drain and ventilate the silver mines of the Nevada Comstock Lode.
    (G, Winter 98/99, p.1)

1880        Jan 8, San Francisco’s Emperor Norton died on the corner of California and Grant. He had an elaborate funeral sponsored by the Pacific Union Club at a cost of $10,000. His remains were later moved from the Masonic Cemetery to Woodlawn Cemetery with a marble tombstone inscribed: Norton I...Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico. Joshua A. Norton 1815-1880. Dr. Robert Burns Aird (d.2000) later composed a musical based on Norton's life. The organization E Clampus Vitus later proceeded to hold an annual memorial services at his Colma grave site.
    (HFA, '96, p.65)(G&M, 7/30/97, p.A24)(SFC, 2/22/00, p.A20)(CHA, 1/2001)(SFC, 4/1/17, p.C2)

1880        Jan 28, Henry Casebolt, San Francisco inventor of the cable car grip, sold his interest in the Sutter Street Railway.

1880        Feb 1, In San Francisco the buildings of the new St. Ignatius campus at Van Ness and Hayes were dedicated. Archbishop Alemany and bishop James A. Healy presided over the dedication of the new church oh Hayes St.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1880        Apr 23, Isaac M. Kalloch, son of Mayor Isaac Kalloch, shot and killed editor Charles de Young in SF Chronicle offices. Michael de Young took over. Isaac Kalloch, pastor of the Metropolitan Temple on 5th St. had earlier insulted de Young, who in turn had shot and wounded Kalloch. Milton was acquitted because of extenuating circumstances. Isaac had been elected mayor of San Francisco in 1879 with the support of Denis Kearney.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A8)(SFC, 4/3/21, p.B4)

1880        Jul 2, In San Francisco St. Ignatius College opened for classes at its new campus at Van Ness and Hayes.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1880        Oct 28, San Francisco held a referendum on whether "The Awakening" by French artist Gabriel Guay should be open for public view. An exhibit of a nude painting at the 15th Mechanic’s Fair triggered the referendum and 12,808 people bought tickets to the fair on the day of the vote, which passed in favor in a landslide.
    (SFC, 3/7/15, p.C2)

1880        Peter B. Kyne (d.1957), author, was born in San Francisco and grew up in San Mateo County. He wrote 25 novels and over 1,000 short stories, a number of which were turned into Hollywood movies.
    (Ind, 7/19/03, p.3A)
1880        San Francisco theater magnate Tom McGuire lost money on his ill-fated play about the life of Jesus, "The Passion." He soon moved back to New York City where he died in poverty and relative obscurity in 1896.
    (SFC, 7/24/21, p.B5)
1880        In San Francisco Isaiah West Taber produced "The Taber Photographic Album of Principal Business Houses, Residences and Persons." His firm had become the most prominent photography company west of the Mississippi after buying out the photo practice of artist Carleton E. Watkins. In 2020 one of eight known copies was put up for sale for $185,000.
    (SFC, 4/22/20, p.E1)
1880        Julian Rix painted “Hay Scow on San Francisco Bay."
    (SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.55)
1880        Thomas Blythe, a Welsh drifter who made a fortune in SF real estate, built a mansion at 1000 Chestnut St. It was torn down in 1954 to make room for a 14-story apartment house.
    (SFC, 8/6/04, p.F6)
1880        The Mechanic's Fair stamped as obscene a French painting by Gabriel Guay, "The Awakening." Visitors voted to keep the painting in the exhibit.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.30)
1880        In San Francisco Ned Greenway (1851-1926) founded the Bachelor’s Cotillion Club and began hosting monthly cotillions to introduce young ladies to society. The monthly gatherings continued to 1914.
    (SFC, 2/18/17, p.C1)
1880        US Pres. Rutherford Hayes lunched at the Cliff House in SF.
    (SSFC, 8/21/05, p.A1)
1880        George Hearst purchased the SF Daily Evening Examiner newspaper to advertise his political beliefs. Hearst won the Examiner as payment for a gambling debt.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)(WSJ, 8/9/99, p.B9)(CHA, 1/2001)

1880-1889    The San Francisco Belt Line began operating during this period to move freight from ships docked at the port for trans-shipment by rail.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A2)

1880s        Henry D. Cogswell (d.1900), dentist, made a fortune in SF real estate. He was a man of temperance and financed a number of fountains that were donated to cities in America, including the one in Washington D.C. on 7th St.
    (HT, 4/97, p.80)
1880s        Rev. Joseph Worcester, a Swedenborgian minister and architectural theorist, built the 1st "Rustic"-style homes on Russian Hill. He inspired such architects as Ernest Coxhead, Bernard Maybeck, A. Page Brown and Willis Polk.
    (SFCM, 8/3/03, p.15)
1880s        The Board of Health ordered all cattle to be removed from the city limits. Until this time most the city’s milk came from the Cow Hollow area.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)

1881        “What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Southern Cooking" by Abby Fisher was published by the San Francisco Women’s Co-operative Printing Office.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, zz1, p.1)
1881        In San Francisco Theodore Payne built a 13-bedroom Victorian home at 1409 Sutter St. that came to be called the Payne Mansion. Its design is credited to Irish architect William F. Curlett. In 2018 it was acquired for about $12 million by Bernard Rosenson, who planned to convert it to a new hotel and restaurant.
    (SFC, 4/19/18, p.C1)
1881        A Casino was constructed in Goldengate Park.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A6)
1881        Adolph Sutro bought most of San Francisco’s western headlands. Sutro acquired 2200 acres of land around the Cliff House which had become a disreputable entertainment hall. Sutro bought the Cliff House and the adjacent 80 acres to develop a seaside attraction that included the Sutro Baths and the Sutro Conservatory.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.6)(G, Winter 98/99, p.1)(SFC, 4/14/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 9/29/12, p.C3)
1881        The city directory of San Francisco indicated 233,959 residents, 428 restaurants, 342 oyster saloons, 18 oyster dealers, 90 coffee saloons, 299 bakeries, 254 retail butchers, 205 fresh fruit sellers, some 1400 grocers and an equal number of bars, 40 brewers and 15 champagne importers.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, Z1, p.1)
1881        Joseph Brandenstein opened a coffee company in SF, naming it after his son Michael J. Brandenstein and Co. The name was later shortened to MJB Inc.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.D2)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.C2)
1881        the last king of Hawaii, David Kalakaua, embarked on a world tour with San Francisco as his first stop.
    (SFC, 10/15/18, p.L6)

1882        Mar 26, Oscar Wilde arrived in SF for a series of lectures. His first lecture on “The English Renaissance," was given the next night at Platt’s Hall at Bush and Montgomery. 
    (SFEC,11/16/97, DB p.3)(SFC, 10/12/12, p.C3)

1882        Apr 10, Capt. William Matson sailed the schooner Emma Claudina through the Golden Gate toward Hawaii. Matson had just founded his shipping company to cover service between San Francisco and Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, DB p.58)

1882        Jul 4, Telegraph Hill Observatory opened in SF.
    (Maggio, 98)

1882        Sep 18, The Pacific Stock Exchange was founded in SF as Local Security Board in the basement of Wohl & Pollitz at 403 California.
    (SFC, 7/14/98, p.B1)(SFC, 7/24/98, p.B1)

1882        Dec 31, Snow fell in SF and accumulated to 3.5 inches.
    (SFEM, 12/22/96, p.20)

1882        Frederick Layman received financing for a short-lived cable car line up Kearny St.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A18)
1882        A railway began service from Second and Market to Daly City.
    (SFC, 4/20/01, WBb p.7)
1882        The Golden Gate Park Band was founded in San Francisco and began performing annual concerts in Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, p.E1)
1882        San Francisco's Golden Gate Park Casino opened next to the Conservatory of Flowers. In 1896 it was purchased and moved 20 blocks to the corner of 24th Avenue and Fulton St.
    (SFC, 2/24/21, p.B5)
1882        The First Presbyterian Church moved into a gothic style wooden building at Van Ness and Sacramento. It was destroyed in the 1906 fire.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A19)
1882        The SF military base was re-named Fort mason after former Gov. Richard Barnes Mason.
    (SFC, 10/4/02, p.E1)
1882        Union Iron Works, founded by Peter Donohue, moved into the area of SF, 22nd and Third St., that later came to be known as Dogpatch. The works later became Bethlehem Steel, Todd Yard, Southwest Marine and SF Drydock (Pier 70). In 2000 it was the oldest operating civilian shipyard in the US.
    (SFC, 3/29/00, p.A17)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F2)

1883        Dec 1, San Francisco’s Park and Ocean Railroad began carrying passengers from Haight and Stanyon out H Street (later Lincoln Way) to 49th Ave. (later la Playa), and then north to the Cliff House. The round trip cost 20 cents. A clerk’s average salary at this time was $12 per week.
    (SFC, 7/20/13, p.C2)(SFC, 5/27/17, p.C1)

1883        Dec, In San Francisco Cornelius Mooney, Denis Kearney and other squatters began selling coffee, doughnuts and whiskey to the new day trippers visiting Ocean Beach and the Cliff House following the opening of the Park and Ocean Railroad line to the area. The new shantytown became known as Mooneysville.
    (SFC, 6/10/17, p.C1)

1883        Local artists put 8 paintings of nudes into the Mechanic's Fair exhibit. Jeweler A.W. Stott, the only one of 3 jury members available, banned the paintings. A.S. Hallidie was busy watching his cable car business and M.A. Doirn was busy with his law office.
    (SFEM, 4/11/99, p.32)
1883        Frona Eunice Wait announced a plan to find a "California Venus," whose image would be immortalized in marble by sculptor Rupert Schmid. The plan failed but Schmid did find Miss Marian Nolan, 23 ½, 32 ½, 38 ½. He made a plaster cast of her a year later and took it to Italy to be cut in Carrara marble.
    (SFEM, 4/11/99, p.34)
1883        In San Francisco Commercial High School opened as the business department of Boys High School, which eventually became Lowell. It then split from Lowell, relocated twice and settled on Market Street just in time to go up in flames in the 1906 earthquake.
    (SFC, 4/30/13, p.E4)
1883        Lutherans of Northern California came together to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Martin Luther’s birthday. This led to the 1945 formation of the Lutheran Welfare Council.
    (SFC, 9/15/98, p.A9)
1883        The Salvation Army came to SF. In 1886 they opened a facility in the Tenderloin.
    (SFC, 9/15/98, p.A9)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.B1)
1883        In San Francisco Army Major W.A. Jones created a plan to transform the Presidio into a forested park-like reserve.  In 1886 the Army began planting blue gum eucalyptus to serve as a windbreak on the ridges of the Presidio.
    (SFC, 7/6/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/25/09, p.A8)
1883        Fr. Joseph Sasia, SJ (1843-1928) took over as president of St. Ignatius College in San Francisco.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1883        The central dome of the glass house in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park was destroyed by fire. A new, higher dome replaced the original.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.4)

1884        Jan 27, The San Francisco Board of Supervisors called for the removal of the “Ocean Beach nuisance," referring to the recently erected shantytown named Mooneysville.
    (SFC, 6/24/17, p.C2)

1884        Jan 31, In San Francisco men under city Park Commissioner Frank Pixley, reinforced by police, demolished the Mooneysville shantytown at Ocean Beach.
    (SFC, 6/24/17, p.C2)

1884        Feb 7, Snow fell in SF and accumulated to 1-2 inches.
    (SFEM, 12/22/96, p.20)

1884        Feb 11, In San Francisco a burlesque called “Mooneysville, or the Fate of a Seal," written by humorist Charley Reed, opened at the Standard theater.
    (SFC, 6/24/17, p.C2)

1884        Apr 22, Thomas Stevens (b.1853) started the 1st bicycle trip to cross the US from SF. He later continued around world (2 yrs 9 mos). He purchased a bicycle with a 50-inch diameter front wheel from Col. Albert Pope of Hartford, Conn., for $110 the price of a horse and buggy.
    (MC, 4/22/02)(ON, 9/03, p.9)

1884        Sep 20, The Equal Rights Party was formed during a convention of suffragists in San Francisco. The convention nominated Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood of Washington, D.C., for president.
    (AP, 9/20/97)

1884        Sep, In San Francisco Mamie Tape (8), a Chinese-American girl, was denied admittance to public school.
    (SFC, 4/29/17, p.C1)

1884        Dec 24, A trial judge, following an 81-day trial, decided that Senator William Sharon was legally married to Sarah Althea Hill, and that she was entitled to a divorce, alimony and community property. A Nevada Circuit Court reversed the decision in 1885.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)

1884        In San Francisco Central Park opened at 8th and Market. It featured a new ball park as the popularity of baseball grew.
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C3)
1884        In San Francisco the University Mound Ladies Home was built at 350 University St. as a comfortable home for elderly women of modest means.
    (SFC, 7/9/14, p.E1)
1884        In SF Sts. Peter and Paul Church was built in North Beach at the corner of Grant and Filbert. It was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and rebuilt in 1924 on Washington Square.
    (SSFC, 5/17/09, DB p.50)   
1884        A Victorian mansion was built on the corner of Bush and Jones streets. It perished in the 1906 fire but a replica, the Carter House, was built by the Carter Family in Eureka, Ca.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, p.T5)
1884        Patrick William Riordan succeeded Archbishop Alemany as Archbishop of SF and served until 1914.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A22)
1884        A block-long, brick machine shop building was built on Third St. and Illinois.
    (SFEC, 12/12/04, p.10)
1884        Hibernia Bank was founded in SF.
    (SFC, 3/25/05, p.F2)
1884        An amusement area in SF named Ocean Beach Pavilion began.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F1)
1884        In SF, Ca., Adolph Spreckels, son of sugar-baron Claus Spreckels, attempted to kill Michael de Young due to a Chronicle story that accused his father of swindling shareholders. Spreckles was acquitted.
    (SFC, 8/15/05, p.C5)
1884        In San Francisco the Arctic Oil Works opened at Illinois and 17th streets in Mission Bay. It was one of the largest whale processing factories in the world and the building was one of the very first reinforced concrete structures in the United States. It was built by Ernest Ransome.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2vznaq)(SFC, 8/4/18, p.C1)
1884        British interests purchased half the California operations of Lazar Freres and this led to the establishment of the London, Paris and American Bank. This ultimately became part of Crocker National Bank and then Wells Fargo.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.D1)
1884        The population of SF was about 225,000 people.
    (SFEM, 3/2/97, p.10)
1884        John Parrot, SF millionaire banker and merchant, died.
    (Ind, 11/24/01, 5A)

1885        Jan, The San Francisco Superior Court ruled that Mamie Tape’s 1884 exclusion from public school violated both the 1880 California school law and the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution. School Superintendent Andrew Jackson Moulder followed up by pushing through a state bill authorizing separate schools for “children of Chinese and Mongolian descent."
    (SFC, 4/29/17, p.C2)

1885        Feb, Duncan C. Ross of Scotland arrived in San Francisco and introduced a broadsword jousting competition. Some 1,800 people attended the event at the new baseball grounds at Eight and Market. The successful contest led him to stage a regular event for a year on top of Telegraph Hill.
    (SFC, 3/8/14, p.C2)

1885        Nov 1, In San Francisco Cecelia Bowers (29), the wife of Dr. J. Milton Bowers (45), died following a two-month-long illness. An autopsy revealed that she had died of phosphorous poisoning. Dr. Bowers was later found guilty of first-degree murder and sentenced to hang. In 1887 the body of Henry Benhayon, the brother of Cecilia, was found murdered at a boarding house at 22 Geary St. He left three letters confessing to the murder of his sister. Thomas Dimmig (33), the husband of a staunch supporter of Dr. Bowers was charged with killing Benhayon. Dimmig was later acquitted and the case against Dr. Bowers (d.1904) was dismissed.
    (SFC, 1/24/15, p.C1)

1885        Nov 13, Former Nevada Senator William Sharon died.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)

1885        Dec, A Nevada Circuit court reversed the 1884 ruling against William Sharon and ruled that the marriage certificate and letters of Sarah Althea Hill were forgeries. Hill later married one of her attorneys, David Terry.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)

1885        Charles Rollo Peters painted “Italian Fisherman’s Wharf," a scene of the congested SF harbor.
    (SFC, 5/30/01, p.E3)
1885        Jules Harder, 1st chef of the SF Palace Hotel, authored “The Physiology of Taste: Harder’s Book of Practical American Cookery."
    (SFC, 9/7/05, p.F4)
1885        In San Francisco a 4-level Victorian was built at 3086 Washington St. In 2009 the 4,851 square-foot house listed for $6.45 million following renovations.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.C3)(SFL)
1885        The James A. Garfield monument on Kennedy Drive in San Francisco’s golden Gate Park was erected by the offerings of a “grateful people."
    (SFC, 12/30/96, p.A13)(SFL)
1885        In San Francisco Adolph Sutro opened Sutro Heights to the public. The estate was dotted with European statues. He went on to build the Sutro Baths, a 3-acre glass palace.
    (G, Winter 98/99, p.2)
1885        St. Dominic’s Church in San Francisco’s Western Addition was built.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A19)(SFL)
1885        In San Francisco Cornelius Stagg opened a roadhouse at Ocean House Road and Junipero Serra and called it the Ingleside House. In 1895 Stagg was killed in a robbery.
    (SFC, 7/10/21, p.B4)
1885        The US Army arrived in San Francisco during the Mexican-American war. The Army built seven red-brick barracks along the west side of the main parade ground.
    (SSFC, 12/1/19, p.A13)
1885        San Francisco’s Western Nursery began operating in the northwestern part of the city. It continued to 1947.
    (SFC, 12/10/16, p.C3)
1885        San Francisco brewery owner Joseph Wieland died in a fire. His heirs commissioned a new boat for the Dolphin Club, which he had founded; the 40-foot Joseph Wieland rowing vessel was built by Al Rogers.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A23)
1885        William Sharon, US senator and silver millionaire, died. He bequeathed $60,000 for the construction of a children’s playground in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park.
    (Ind, 10/28/00, 5A)

1885-1905    San Francisco was the leading whaling port in the world.
    (SFC, 8/4/18, p.C1)

1886        Apr, In San Francisco school children on Arbor Day planted the first trees of the Presidio forest. Adolph Sutro enlisted schoolchildren to help plant eucalyptus, acacia, Monterey pine and Monterey cypress trees in Glen Park. The 904-foot Mount Parnassus, owned by Sutro, was also planted.
    (G, Winter, p.3)(SFC, 5/26/00, Wb p.8)(SFC, 6/20/00, p.A1)

1886        May 22, The cover of Harper’s Weekly featured an illustrated picture of a jousting match in San Francisco with a German-style castle in the background atop Telegraph Hill. The castle, known as Layman’s Folly (1883-1903), was built by Frederick O. Layman. He had also built a 1,400-foot cable car line up Greenwich St. from Powell to the summit of Telegraph Hill.
    (SFC, 3/8/14, p.C2)

1886        Jul 4, St. Peter’s Church on Alabama St. was dedicated. It burned down in 1997 and was rebuilt in 2000.
    (SFC, 6/30/00, p.A1)

1886        In San Francisco Adolph Sutro opened his Sutro Baths. The huge glass enclosure had room for 1,600 bathers. Late in his life the former mayor donated the Sutro Library to the city. It was made up of a 50,000-volume genealogy collection, medieval Jewish tests, books and documents from the Italian Renaissance, the papers of British explorer Joseph Banks, a labor archive and other collections.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.6)
1886        In San Francisco the 13-room Haas-Lilienthal House was built at 2007 Franklin. Architect Peter R. Schmidt built the 24-room house of fir and redwood for Bertha and William Haas, a mercantile grocer, for $18,500.
    (SFC, 7/17/96, z-1, p.2)(SFC, 8/30/96, p.D5)
1886        In San Francisco the Union Iron Works red brick machine shop was built across from the dry dock gate at Pier 70. It closed in 2004 due to seismic issues. In 2009 plans were made public for the redevelopment of the area.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F2)(SFC, 7/11/09, p.A6)
1886        In SF the Fior d’Italia restaurant began to serve clients for a nearby North Beach bordello. Tortellini was a nickel, risotto with clams a dime and veal scallopine and calf’s liver was 15 cents. A special 8-course meal was 35 cents.  It was originally located at 482 Broadway and later moved to 601 Union St. In 1966 a similar special meal was priced at $6.00. In February 2005 the restaurant was burned out of its Washington Square location. It re-opened in November on Mason Street at the former San Remo Hotel.
    (SFC, 4/23/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.B5)(SSFC, 5/1/11, DB p.46)(SSFC, 5/1/16, DB p.50)
1886        In SF the North Beach jewelry business, later run by Rocco Matteucci (d.1959), was founded.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.A24)
1886        Aaron Shenson started a meat business. In 1953 the H. Shenson Wholsesale Meat Co. moved to a new plant at 1040 Bryant St., SF.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.E2)
1886        In San Francisco Mrs. Abbie Parrott purchased the old St. Ignatius Market Street school site for $900,000. her family later built the Emporium store on this site.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1886        The ship Balclutha was built in Glasgow, Scotland. It was named in Gaelic for Clyde’s rock. For 16 years it sailed from the British Isles with a load of coal around Cape Horn to SF where it picked up grain and returned to Europe. It was later preserved at the National Maritime Museum in San Francisco.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, p.D3)(www.nps.gov/safr/historyculture/balclutha.htm)

1886-1896    The Haight Street Grounds ballpark commonly drew crowds of 15,000 to 20,000.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)

1887        Jan 15, In San Francisco the schooner Parallel carrying 42 tons of dynamite exploded near the Cliff House. The US Life Saving Service rescued a dog stranded on ship, which was abandoned after running aground near Point Bonita. The sails were still set and the ship set off by itself landing on the rocks near the Cliff House.
    (SFC, 2/28/09, p.B3)(SSFC, 3/24/19, DB p.39)

1887        Jan, Thomas Stevens returned to SF following a world tour and a 103 day bicycle ride from SF to Boston.
    (SFCM, 8/3/03, p.15)

1887        Feb 5, Snow fell in SF and accumulated officially to 3.7 inches.
    (SFEM, 12/22/96, p.20)

1887        Mar 4, William Randolph Hearst (23) became "Proprietor" of the SF Examiner newspaper.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1887        Apr 29, William Randolph Hearst received the SF Examiner newspaper on his 24th birthday. He proceeded to found the Hearst Corporation with help from his father, Senator George Hearst. The elder Hearst had amassed wealth from the Comstock mines of Nevada.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A19)(CHA, 1/2001)

1887        Apr, There was a big fire at Hotel Del Monte in Monterey. Hearst covered the story with an extravagant 14-page extra edition.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1887        May 19, The Examiner’s 1st major front-page crime story appeared under the headline “THUGS."
    (SFEM, 8/6/00, p.45)

1887        May 29, The Sunday Examiner featured an article titled “Night Watches," a description of activity on Market Street from 7:30 p.m. to 5:30 a.m.
    (SFEM, 8/6/00, p.46)

1887        May, Baseball scores began to appear on the bottom of page one of the Examiner.
    (SFEM, 8/6/00, p.44)

1887        Jun, The Examiner introduced the novel “Allan Quatermain" by H. Rider Haggard in serialized form on the front page.
    (SFEM, 8/6/00, p.45)

1887        Nov, Baseball players from the St. Louis Browns, the NY Giants, a Chicago team and a Phil team arrived in San Francisco for the winter season. Their first game was played on Thanksgiving Day.
    (SSFC, 4/2/17, p.A10)

1887        Dec 9, Isaac Kalloch (b.1832), former mayor of San Francisco (1879-1881), died in Bellingham, Wa. In 1880 he had shot and killed Charles de Young in SF Chronicle offices.

1887        In San Francisco the Mount Zion Hospital opened. It was funded in large part by the city’s Jewish philanthropists and later became part of the UCSF Medical Center.
    (SSFC, 10/18/15, p.N4)
1887        In San Francisco the Haight Street Grounds baseball park was built on the eastern edge of Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C3)
1887        In San Francisco a 30-foot stone pedestal was built on Mount Olympus to support the Goddess of Liberty statue. SF removed the statue in 1954.
    (SFC, 5/15/13, p.D1)
1887        The Mansions Hotel, a Victorian hotel in Pacific Heights was constructed. It is allegedly haunted by a dark-haired mechante named Claudia, the shapely niece of the original owner, Utah Senator Charles Chambers.
    (SFE Mag, 5/5/96, p.A-7)
1887        The Orpheum Theater opened on O’Farrell St.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, DB p.44)
1887        In San Francisco the 3-story Sharon Building was built next to the children’s playground in Golden Gate Park. It was designed by Percy & Hamilton.
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, p.C2)
1887        St. Boniface Church was founded as a parish for German Catholics.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A19)
1887        John McLaren, a Scottish-born landscape gardener, was hired by William Hammond Hall as assistant park superintendent of Golden Gate Park. Hall was a surveyor who gave the Park its initial design under plans pushed by Governor Haight and Mayor McCoppin.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.4)(Ind, 10/28/00, 5A)
1887        The land at Stern Grove was officially granted to the Greene family.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.6)
1887        John Tadich acquired the New World Market Coffee Stand at 221 Leidesdorff.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, zz1, p.1)
1887        Fr. Imoda took over as president of St. Ignatius College in San Francisco and continued to 1893. During his tenure a fire destroyed the old school and church on Market St., which had become a cheap lodging house and furniture warehouse. 3 people died in the fire.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1888        Jan 16, Snow fell in SF and accumulated to 0.1 inch.
    (SFEM, 12/22/96, p.20)

1888        Apr 16, Russian Orthodox Bishop Vladimir (Vasily Sokolovsky) arrived in San Francisco from Russia with an entourage of eight clerics and 11 boys.
    (SFC, 4/19/14, p.C2)

1888        Jun 3, The poem “Casey at the Bat" by Ernest Lawrence Thayer was 1st published in the SF Daily Examiner. The poem was based on a game played in Stockton, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/28/05, p.A1)(www.aaronshep.com/rt/RTE23.html)

1888        Aug 22, The City of Chester, a 202-foot passenger steamship, sank as it left the San Francisco Bay after colliding with the incoming ocean line Oceanic. 16 people died including 3 crew members and 13 men, women and children. Wreckage of the Chester was found in May, 2013, in 217 feet of water near the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SFC, 4/24/14, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/m2fdxwe)

1888        Dec, The “Sharon Quarters for Children" was dedicated in Golden Gate Park. It was the 1st children’s playground to be established in a public park in America.
    (Ind, 10/28/00, 5A)

1888        In San Francisco a 2-story Victorian home at 50 Liberty St., designed by Absalom J. Barnett, was completed.
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, p.C2)
1888        Russian Czar Alexander III donated bells to the Holy Trinity Cathedral on Powell near Columbus. The Cathedral burned down in the 1906 quake and was rebuilt in 1909 and 1979 at 1520 Green St. In 1999 3 of the bells were stolen and returned.
    (SFC, 8/30/99, p.A17,18)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A21)
1888        In San Francisco the Bayview Opera House was built at 4705 3rd Street. In 2007 a 3-year $4 million renovation program was begun.
    (SFC, 10/19/07, p.B1)
1888        A wooden Gothic Presbyterian Church was erected in Noe Valley at 23rd and Sanchez. It later became known as the Noe Valley Ministry.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.F1)
1888        In SF a red-brick power plant was built at 178 Townsend St. It later served as a hay mill, warehouse and repair shop. In 2006 plans called for its conversion to 66 condominiums.
    (SFC, 5/22/06, p.B1)
1888        Nov, In San Francisco a new cable car line opened in the Mission District.
    (SFC, 2/1/14, p.C3)

1889        Feb, The SF Examiner opened a free employment service for white male and female applicants competing for work with Chinese laborers.
    (SFEM, 8/6/00, p.47)

1889        Aug 23, The 1st ship-to-shore wireless message was received in US in SF.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1889        Nov 17, The Union Pacific Railroad Co. began direct, daily railroad service between Chicago and Portland, Ore., as well as Chicago and San Francisco.
    (AP, 11/17/97)

1889        Nov 23, The first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon. The contraption consisted of an Edison tinfoil phonograph with four listening tubes and a coin slot for each tube.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1889        Dec 29, The SF Examiner published a “prophecy edition," a look at what life would be like in 1929. Predictions included an aluminum Bay Bridge, a canal across Panama, a major SF fire in 1903, an earthquake in Boston, the expulsion of all Chinese from the US, a fortress and wave-powered guns on the Farallon Islands, and the invention of a “thermo-electric fog dispeller."
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W45)

1889        William Heath Davis (1822-1909) authored" Sixty Years in California." It included a description of life in Yerba Buena (San Francisco). In 1929 it was enlarged and renamed “Seventy-five years in California."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Heath_Davis)(SFC, 7/6/13, p.C2)
1889        Hippolite d’Audiffred, a San Francisco merchant, put up a building where Mission Street meets the Embarcadero and named it after himself. It later became the home of the Sailors Union of the Pacific and the Boulevard restaurant.
    (SSFC, 1/4/09, p.A2)
1889        A 5,300 pound bell was commissioned for $17,000 from a Baltimore foundry to hang in the St. Mary’s Cathedral at Van Ness and O’Farrell, San Francisco. It hung in the church until 1962 when an arsonist destroyed the cathedral. The bell was moved to new cathedral grounds near Gough and Geary and sat for some 40 years until it was stolen in 2011 as the metal value of its 80% copper reached $75,000. The bell was recovered at a salvage yard in West Oakland.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.A8)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.C1)
1889        The first carousel was constructed in Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A6)
1889        Willis Polk arrived in SF to help A. Page Brown design the Ferry Building.
    (SFCM, 8/3/03, p.16)
1889        In San Francisco compensation was made to the owners of bisected and trisected lots of the 1847 Lagoon Survey. In a few years the Lagoon Survey vanished with two exceptions: Blackstone Court, part of lot 17, and Grenard Terrace on Lot 22.
    (SFC, 12/10/16, p.C3)
1889        The San Francisco Examiner sent out reporter Allen Kelly to dispel the myth that grizzlies were extinct in California. After 3 months he saw only one and failed to capture it and was fired by Citizen Hearst via Western Union. Kelly later wrote “Bears I Have Met -- and Others." He later found a bear captured on Gleason Mountain by a Mexican known as Mateo. The bear, named Monarch, was brought back to SF and housed in a “pleasure garden near Dolores and Market streets."
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.16,17)
1889        In San Francisco the Russian Orthodox Church and episcopal complex at 1713-15 Powell burned down. Some parishioners suspected that Bishop Vladimir had burned it down for insurance money. The bishop accused nihilists that included Dr. Russel, vice-president of the Greco-Russian-Slavonian Benevolent Society. Russel accused the bishop of being a pederast but prosecutors refused to pursue the case. In 1997 Terence Emmons authored “Alleged Sex and Threatened Violence: Doctor Russel, Bishop Vladimir, and the Russians in San Francisco, 1887-1892."
    (SFC, 4/19/14, p.C2)
1889        The California and Nevada Railroad came through Orinda.
    (SFCM, 3/30/03, p.6)
1889        Drewes Bros. meat market opened on Church St.
    (SFCM, 6/13/04, p.3)

1890        Jun 22, The SF Chronicle trumpeted its new 10-story building at 690 Market, the first steel-framed building in the West. It was designed by Burnham & Root of Chicago. In 1924 the Chronicle moved to its new building at Fifth and Mission. In 1962-1963 Home Mutual Savings and Loan draped the De Young Building at 690 Market in metal. In 2004 planned renovations included conversion to residential and hotel use.
    (SFC, 3/17/04, p.C4)(SFC, 8/15/05, p.C5)(SFC, 1/17/09, p.E1)

1890        Aug 21, Bill Henry, newscaster (Who Said That?), was born in SF, Calif.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1890        In San Francisco the James Lick Baths were completed at 165 10th St. Its walls and tower were ravaged by the 1906 earthqauke and it was rebuilt in a smaller style. In 1920 it became a laundry and in 1978 was converted to office space.
    (SSFC, 3/1/15, p.C2)
1890        The officer’s quarters at the Fort Point Coast Guard Station in the Presidio was built in Dutch Colonial Revival style.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, WB p.4)
1890        The Telegraph Hill Neighborhood Center was founded by Elizabeth Ashe and Alice Griffith as the city’s 1st settlement house for new immigrants. The 1st site was on Vallejo St. a year later it was moved to 1736 Stockton St.
    (SFC, 6/1/01, WBb p.3)(SFC, 6/7/01, p.A17)
1890        Attorney William W. Stow, chief lobbyist for the Southern Pacific Railroad, was appointed president of the SF park commission. He had earlier lobbied for 20 years to reduce revenues for Golden Gate Park. Stow ordered John McLaren to proceed with a 1880 design for a reservoir on Strawberry Hill and a lake below.
    (Ind, 10/28/00, 5A)
1890        John McLaren (d.1943) took over as Superintendent of Goldengate Park.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A5)
1890        The newly organized South San Francisco Land and Improvement Company acquired titles to land around Baden and began to promote a new town. The capital stock was $2 million and the directors in the first year included: Gustavus J. Swift, Nelson Morris, E.G. Martin of Chicago, Peter E. Iler, Henry Miller, E.R. Lilienthal and Charles W. Smith of San Francisco.
    (SSF, 1976, p.5)
1890        In San Francisco the State Belt Railroad began operating in the warehouse district along the northeast waterfront. In 1914 the line was extended several miles west through a tunnel under Fort Mason. In 1917 track was laid into the Presidio. The railroad was taken over by a private investor in 1973 and closed for good in 1993.
    (SFC, 10/25/14, p.C1)

1890s    George M. Greene built the Trocadero Inn at Stern Grove. It had a restaurant, boating pavilion, beer garden, open-air dancing, a rowing lake, a trout farm, and a deer park. He closed it upon Prohibition.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.6)

1890-1957    The ferryboat Eureka served the SF Bay.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A18)

1890s        James Fair built a seawall as part of a plan to square off 70 acres of shallow waters to create an industrial park. The area remained under water until 1912 when it was filled in for the Panama-Pacific Exposition. The Marina Development Corp. later carved it into 634 residential lots.
    (SFCM, 10/17/04, p.4)

1891        Jan 20, King David Kalakaua, sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands, died at the SF Palace Hotel.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C1)

1891        Feb 26, The 1st buffalo was purchased for Golden Gate Park in SF under John McLaren. A pair of bison, named Benjamin Harrison and Sarah Bernhardt, were settled in Golden Gate Park following reports that only 1000 were left in the US.
    (SFC, 12/13/99, p.A18)(SC, 2/26/02)(SFC, 10/30/08, p.B1)

1891        Mar 9, Burglars at the streetcar barns at Oak and Broderick poisoned 3 dogs. A monument to the dogs was erected, but disappeared following the earthquake and fire of 1906. The monument was found and restored in 1929.
    (SFC, 4/23/04, p.F5)

1891        Apr 25, Pres. Benjamin Harrison visited SF.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1891        May 21, James J. Corbett fought Peter "Black Prince" Jackson (1861-1901), in a much-heralded bout between San Francisco cross-town rivals. Since Corbett and Jackson were boxing instructors at the two most prestigious athletic clubs. They fought to a draw after 61 rounds. Jackson had won the Australian heavyweight championship in 1886 and the British Empire title in 1892.

1891        Dec, In San Francisco Salvation Army Capt. Joseph McFee used a large crab pot for the 1st time at the Market St. ferry landing to solicit food for a charity Christmas dinner to feed poor dockworkers and sailors. The organization had come to the US in 1880.
    (SFC, 12/1/04, p.A1)

1891        In San Francisco the Woodward’s Gardens amusement park closed. It had opened under Robert B. Woodward in the Mission District on May 1, 1866. In 1814 the site became the home of the SF National Guard Armory.
    (SFC, 12/19/15, p.C2)
1891        In San Francisco the 45-room Alfred E. Clarke Mansion, also known as Caselli Mansion, Nobby Clarke's Castle and Nobby Clarke's Folly, was completed at 250 Douglass Street in Eureka Valley. Clarke had joined the SF police force during the 1856 Vigilance excitement. By 1887, when he resigned from his position as clerk to the Chief of Police, he is said to have saved some $200,000. Clarke lost the mansion in 1896 when he failed to pay the mortgage.
    (https://noehill.com/sf/landmarks/sf080.asp)(SFC, 11/14/20, p.C1)
1891        In San Francisco the 3-storey McGauley House at 2423 Green St. was built. The Arts and Craft style home was designed by Ernest Coxhead.
    (SSFC, 5/24/15, p.C2)
1891        In San Francisco the Mills building went up at 220 Montgomery. It was designed by Burnham and Root and was rebuilt in 1909.
    (SSFM, 10/12/02, p.13)(SSFC, 5/31/15, p.C2)
1891        Archbishop Alemany moved the cathedral seat to Van Ness Ave. Old St. Mary’s on California St. became a parish church. St. Mary’s Cathedral on Van Ness was completed by contractor Owen Brady. It was destroyed by fire in 1962.
    (SFC, 4/7/96, p.B-10)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B4)(SFC, 1/21/05, p.B10)
1891        Sweeney Observatory was dedicated in Goldengate Park.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A6)
1891        A California bond measure raised almost $1 million for the construction of the SF Ferry Building. It was designed by Arthur Page Brown and finished in 1898. Brown died before the building was completed [see 1875].
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.B1)
1891        The US battleship Oregon was built at the Union Iron Works in San Francisco. In 1898 it sailed around Cape Horn and took part in the battle of Santiago Bay, Cuba.
    (SFC, 4/18/15, p.C2)
1891        The hay schooner Alma was built at San Francisco’s Hunters Point shipyard. In 1993 mariner Al Lutz (d.2010 at 55) took over the boat, the last survivor of the fleet of sailing schooners built to handle cargo on the SF Bay and the Sacramento River Delta.
    (SFC, 7/5/10, p.C6)
1891        San Francisco’s California St. RR opened a crosstown cable car line on O’Farrell, Jones and Hyde with a Jones St. shuttle line that ran from O’Farrel five blocks to Market.
    (SFC, 2/1/14, p.C3)
1891        In San Francisco brothers, Behrend and Isaac Joost, organized The San Francisco and San Mateo Railroad Company. The Joost line did not pay expenses and was sold at a foreclosure sale on April 11, 1896.

1892        Jan 21, Samuel Marsden Brookes, English-born artist, died in SF. He emigrated to the US in 1833, settled in Chicago and moved to SF in 1862. He was a founder of the SF Art Association and the Bohemian Club.
    (SFCM, 10/28/01, p.20)

1892        Mar, The Stanford and UC Berkeley football teams played their 1st “big game" in San Francisco at the Haight Street Grounds. Stanford won 14-0. Legend says that Herbert Hoover, Stanford manager and future US president, forgot the requisite football and caused a several hour game delay.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.B12)(Ind, 11/10/01, 5A)

1892        May 28, The Sierra Club was organized in San Francisco.
    (AP, 5/28/97)

1892        May 5, US Congress passed the Geary Chinese Exclusion Act, which required Chinese in the United States to be registered and carry an identity card or face deportation. The Six Companies of San Francisco ordered all 110,000 immigrants to refuse compliance.
    (AP, 5/5/97)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.M5)

1892        Jun 4, The Sierra Club was incorporated in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A1)(AP, 6/4/97)

1892        Dec 17, The Stanford and UC Berkeley football teams played their 2nd “big game" in San Francisco at the Haight Street Grounds. They tied 10-10. The annual games continued in SF until 1904.
    (Ind, 11/10/01, 5A)

1892        Douglas Tilden made his bronze sculpture “Tired Boxer." His other work included the Mechanics Monument and Fountain at Bush and Market streets, the California Volunteers at Market and Dolores, Admission Day at Market and Post, as well as Father Junipero Serra and the Baseball Player, which were originally in Golden Gate Park. Mildred Albronda (d.1998 at 86) wrote his definitive biography.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A13)(SFC, 12/2/98, p.A19)
1892        The Audiffred Building was built at Mission and the Embarcadero.
    (SFC, 4/21/05, p.B1)
1892        In SF the Trinity Episcopal Church at Bush and Gough was completed. It was based on England’s Durham Cathedral. The church was originally established in 1849. In 2009 the main sanctuary was mothballed due to seismic issues and the lack of funds for repair.
    (SFEM, 8/9/98, p.27)(SFC, 5/29/09, p.B1)
1892        In San Francisco Willis Polk designed his own duplex at 1013-1017 Vallejo St.
    (SFC, 3/20/21, p.B4)
1892        Lloyd Lake was created in Goldengate Park.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A6)
1892        A trolley line from SF reached Daly’s Hill.
    (LaPen, 12/86, p.5)
1892        John H. Baird, a San Francisco capitalist, subdivided and sold a set of lots along Haight Street, site of the Haight Street Grounds sports field.
    (Randolph Delehanty "S.F., The Ultimate Guide", p. 252)
1892        Hibernia Bank set up headquarters in a temple-style building at 1 Jones St. and Market near the SF Civic Center. In 2008 the building ,vacant since 2000, was sold for $3.95 million.
    (SFC, 3/25/05, p.F2)(SFC, 9/11/08, p.B1)
1892        Alice Eastwood moved to SF and became co-curator at the Academy of Sciences.
    (PacDis, Winter ’97, p.26)
1892        Sarah Althea Hill, former mistress of William Sharon, was arrested in SF and charged with being irrational. She was deemed insane and committed to an asylum in Stockton, where she died in 1937.
    (Ind, 7/1/00,5A)
1892        Mr. Crowley began a maritime operation on the Bay with an $80 rowboat that grew to become the giant Crowley Maritime Corp.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.C8)
1892        The US Navy cruiser Olympia was built in San Francisco. It served as the flagship of Commodore George Dewey’s fleet that defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Manila Bay in 1898. In 1957 it became a museum ship in Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 7/11/12, p.A1)

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