Timeline of 2003 July - September

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2003        Jul 1, The US planned to suspend $48 million in aid to some 35 countries for failing to meet this day's deadline for exempting Americans from prosecution before the new UN int'l. war crimes tribunal.
    (SFC, 7/2/03, p.A9)
2003        Jul 1, Bishop Sean O'Malley was named by Pope John Paul II the new archbishop of Boston, succeeding Cardinal Bernard Law, who'd resigned in the wake of a clerical sex abuse scandal.
    (AP, 7/1/04)
2003        Jul 1, In Missouri an employee shot and killed three co-workers and wounded four others at the Modine Manufacturing plant on the outskirts of Jefferson City, then drove into town and killed himself in a confrontation with police.
    (AP, 7/2/03)
2003        Jul 1, Herbie Mann (73), jazz flutist, died in Pecos, NM. He was born Apr 16, 1930, as Herbert Jay Solomon in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SFC, 7/3/03, p.A2)
2003        Jul 1, In Iraq US troops killed 4 people who failed to stop at checkpoints.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)
2003        Jul 1, At a summit, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian PM Mahmoud Abbas rededicated themselves to peace efforts and spoke of a shared future for their peoples.
    (AP, 7/1/04)
2003        Jul 1, In Hong Kong the "Article 23" measures targeting crimes against the state drew hundreds of thousands of people into the streets in a protest that overshadowed the 6th anniversary of the handover of the territory from Britain to China.
    (AP, 7/1/03)(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A8)
2003        Jul 1, Roman Abramovich, Russian billionaire and governor of Chukotka, bought Englands Chelsea football club in a deal worth 140m ($233m).
    (WSJ, 1/10/07, p.A14)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3036838.stm)

2003        Jul 2, The US was reported to be sending nearly 250,000 metric tons of wheat to Ethiopia to help ease the country's hunger crisis.
    (AP, 7/2/03)
2003        Jul 2, The film "Ken Parks" by Larry Clark and Edward Lachman received an illegal public screening in Balmain, a suburb of Sydney, Australia. The film was about the dysfunctional lives of skateboarders in the suburbs of Visalia, Ca., and was banned due to its explicit sex and violence.
    (SFC, 7/7/03, p.D2)
2003        Jul 2, Vancouver, Canada, was awarded the 2010 Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 7/2/04)
2003        Jul 2, In southern India a train engine and two coaches fell off a bridge and landed on a fish market and parked taxis, killing at least 18.
    (AP, 7/2/03)
2003        Jul 2, A group of 650 Kenyan women won the right to sue the British Ministry of Defense for rapes by British soldiers that took place over a 26 year period beginning in 1977.
    (SFC, 7/3/03, p.A14)
2003        Jul 2, Palestinian police moved into the West Bank town of Bethlehem, the second area handed over by Israel under a U.S.-backed Mideast peace plan.
    (AP, 7/2/03)
2003        Jul 2, Russian authorities detained Platon Lebedev, a close partner of Russia's richest man, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, on suspicion of defrauding the state of $283 million in the 1994 privatization of the Apatit fertilizer company.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2003        Jul 2, The WHO said Toronto was no longer SARS infected, leaving Taiwan as the only place in the world where the disease was not yet fully under control.
    (AP, 7/2/03)

2003        Jul 3, The US jobless rate was reported to have surged to a nine-year high in June as employers cut 30,000 workers from their payrolls.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2003        Jul 3, Astronomers said they have found a Jupiter-like body circling a distant star, dubbed HD 70642 some 94 light years from Earth, in a planetary system like ours. The finding  was presented at a conference at the Paris Astrophysics Institute.
    (AP, 7/4/03)
2003        Jul 3, The US military commander in Europe was ordered to begin planning for possible American intervention in Liberia.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2003        Jul 3, London's Trafalgar Square reopened to the public after a $42 million facelift.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2003        Jul 3, Tens of thousands of South Korean auto and metal workers staged a half-day walkout to demand a 40-hour workweek and better working conditions. Most people worked half a day on Saturdays.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2003        Jul 3, Indonesia's military said it killed 15 insurgents in new fighting in Aceh province, and the rebels said they have detained two local journalists.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2003        Jul 3, The US government put a $25 million bounty on Saddam Hussein and $15 million on his sons. US troops killed 11 Iraqis who ambushed a convoy outside Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/3/03)(AP, 7/4/03)
2003        Jul 3, Yuri Shchekochikhin (b.1950), a deputy editor for Russias Novaya Gazeta and member of parliament, died of a mysterious allergic reaction. He had long campaigned against Boris Yeltsin's war in Chechnya. Friends and relatives were convinced that he was poisoned.
    (WSJ, 12/8/06, p.A12)
2003        Jul 3, In Suweir, Saudi Arabia, Turki Nasser al-Dandani, the top suspect wanted in the May 12 Riyadh suicide bombing, was killed along with three other militants in a gunbattle when police raided their hideout.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2003        Jul 3, Slovakia's parliament approved an amendment to make abortion legal until the 24th week of pregnancy.
    (AP, 7/3/03)

2003        Jul 4, President Bush visited Dayton, Ohio, to praise the work of U.S. troops and celebrate the 100th anniversary of flight in the hometown of the Wright brothers.
    (AP, 7/4/04)
2003        Jul 4, Los Angeles Lakers guard Kobe Bryant was arrested on suspicion of sexual assault after a woman accused him of sexual misconduct at a hotel near Vail, Colo.
    (AP, 7/4/04)
2003        Jul 4, US forces raided a Turkish special forces office in northern Iraq and detained 11 soldiers on reports that Turks were plotting to kill the governor of the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2003        Jul 4, Barry White (58), a singer and songwriter whose rich bass crooning stirred romance in the hearts of a generation of fans, died in Los Angeles. His songs included "Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe" (1974).
    (SFC, 7/5/03, p.A20)
2003        Jul 4, Manuel Gehring (44) shot and killed his 2 children, Philip (11) and Sarah (14), following a dispute with his wife in Concord, NH. He was later arrested in Gilroy, Ca. He confessed to police that he shot and killed his 2 children in New Hampshire and buried them in the Midwest. In 2005 authorities found the bodies of the 2 children buried off I-80 in Ohio. Gehring committed suicide in his jail cell on February 19, 2004 at the Merrimack County Jail in Boscawen, New Hampshire.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/4/05, p.A22)(http://tinyurl.com/62dfka)
2003        Jul 4, A voice purported to be Saddam Hussein's, aired on the Arab television station Al-Jazeera, said he is in Iraq directing attacks on American forces and called on Iraqis to help the resistance against the US-led occupation.
    (AP, 7/4/03)(SFC, 7/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 4, In Algeria suspected Islamic militants killed Lawmaker Rabah Radja and three other people at a roadblock east of the capital.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2003        Jul 4, Landslides in central China caused by torrential rains killed 21 people as river waters ran at their highest level in more than a decade.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 4, A coal mine explosion in northeastern China killed 22 people and injured 6 others.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 4, Tung Chee-hwa, Hong Kong's leader, withdrew parts of an anti-subversion bill that triggered massive street protests.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2003        Jul 4, Ivory Coast's government and rebel officials declared an official end to the civil war, 9 months after fighting erupted following a failed attempt to oust Pres. Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AP, 7/4/03)
2003        Jul 4, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic guerrillas tossed a grenade and opened fire at a meeting between a minister and health officials, killing 2 people and wounding 28.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2003        Jul 4, Liberia's President Charles Taylor, under US pressure to quit, said he had agreed to step down. A senior Nigerian official said Taylor had accepted an offer of asylum.
    (AP, 7/4/03)
2003        Jul 4, In Mexico gunmen in Las Choapas, Veracruz, killed a man believed to be a migrant trafficker and then fatally shot four bystanders, including a 12-year-old boy, apparently to avoid leaving witnesses.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2003        Jul 4, In Quetta, Pakistan, 3 assassins attacked a Shiite Muslim mosque and killed 44 worshippers during prayers. Angry Shiites rioted in the streets burning cars and tires.
    (SFC, 7/5/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/6/03)(SSFC, 7/6/03, p.A6)
2003        Jul 4, The 180-nation world Radio Communication Conference in Geneva planned to approve an expansion of the band for wireless local area networks (Wi-Fi) by 455 megahertz.
    (WSJ, 7/3/03, p.B4)

2003        Jul 5, Serena Williams beat sister Venus for her 2nd straight Wimbledon title.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2003        Jul 5, Caribbean leaders agreed to establish a commission like the European Union to oversee their 15-member, single market economy, allowing the free movement of goods, services and professional workers.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 5, In Ramadi, Iraq, an explosion struck a ceremony for Iraqi policemen graduating from US training, killing at least seven recruits and wounding dozens. In Baghdad a British TV journalist was shot dead near the national museum.
    (AP, 7/5/03)(WSJ, 7/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 5, In Kuwait Islamists and supporters of the royal-led Cabinet kept their grip the all-male parliament in elections, while liberals urging voting rights for women suffered major losses.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 5, Police in Namibia reported the recent death of N!xau, the diminutive bushman catapulted to international stardom in the film "The Gods Must Be Crazy" he was thought to be about 59 years old.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2003        Jul 5, In Russia 2 women suicide bombers blew themselves up at a giant rock festival in suburban Moscow, leaving 14 victims killed.
    (AP, 7/6/08)
2003        Jul 5, Delegates at a Somali peace conference agreed to create a federal government.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 5, The WHO removed Taiwan from its list of SARS-infected areas and declared a provisional victory over the epidemic, which had killed 812 people over 5 continents. The economic losses from SARS was later estimated at about $200 billion. SARS was later classified as one of a number of zoonoses, i.e. diseases that come from animals.
    (SSFC, 7/6/03, p.A3)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.84)

2003        Jul 6, Roger Federer became the first Swiss man to win a Grand Slam title, defeating Mark Philippoussis 7-6 (5), 6-2, 7-6 (3) in the Wimbledon final.
    (AP, 7/6/04)
2003        Jul 6, Joseph Wilson, former American ambassador, criticized the Bush administration for the way it used intelligence to justify the war in Iraq. He alleged that Pres. Bush had falsely accused Iraq of trying to buy uranium from Niger. Two White House officials soon called at least 6 Washington journalists and told them that Wilsons wife, Valerie Plame, was an undercover CIA agent who had worked in Niger. A State Dept. memo was soon sent to Colin Powell on how Wilson got sent to Niger and the role of his wife.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)(SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)
2003        Jul 6, Dennis Schmitt and 5 companions stepped on a 120-foot-long pile of dirt at 8342 latitude, Earths farthest north piece of known land. The Arctic site was 432 miles from the North Pole and under the jurisdiction of Greenland. In 2004 Danish authorities discounted the find in favor of a larger island called Kaffklubben.
    (SFC, 6/17/04, p.B1)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.B10)
2003        Jul 6, Buddy Ebsen (95), Hollywood actor who achieved stardom and riches in the television series "The Beverly Hillbillies" and "Barnaby Jones," died.
    (AP, 7/7/03)
2003        Jul 6, Kathleen Raine (95), a poet and scholar whose verse explored the realms of nature and the spirit, died in London. "Stone and Flower" (1943), illustrated by Barbara Hepworth, was her first published collection, followed by "Living in Time" (1946) and "The Pythoness" (1949).
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 6, Corsicans voted in a historic referendum to give local officials more say in running the Mediterranean island, an attempt to end years of attacks by separatists fighting French rule.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 6, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor announced that he would leave the country and accept refuge in Nigeria.
    (SFC, 7/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 6, Mexican voters issued a severe judgment on Pres. Vicente Fox's first three years in office, electing another divided Congress in which his party will have fewer seats and increasing the power of the former ruling party and the leftist opposition.
    (AP, 7/7/03)
2003        Jul 6, The annual Wife Carrying World Championship took place in Sonkajarvi, Finland. An Estonian team was again favored to win.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)

2003        Jul 7, Hilary Lunke won the U.S. Women's Open.
    (AP, 7/7/04)
2003        Jul 7, Pres. Bush departed for a 5-country African tour. In 2007 Ari Fleischer, former White House press secretary, said he had lunch with Scooter Libby on this day and was told by Libby that Ambassador Wilson had been sent to Africa by his wife, Valerie Plame, who worked for the CIA. Wilson had criticized the Bush administration the previous day for the way it used intelligence to justify the war in Iraq.
    (SFC, 7/7/03, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/07, p.A3)
2003        Jul 7, A federal judge approved a settlement fining WorldCom $750 million for its $11-billion accounting scandal.
    (AP, 7/7/04)
2003        Jul 7, A chunk of foam insulation fired at shuttle wing parts blew open a gaping 16-inch hole, yielding what one member of the Columbia investigation team said was the "smoking gun" proving what brought down the spaceship on Feb 1.
    (AP, 7/7/04)
2003        Jul 7, The CDC confirmed the year's 1st case of West Nile Virus, which killed 284 in the US in 2002.
    (SFC, 7/8/03, p.A6)
2003        Jul 7, NASA's 2nd Mars lander, named Opportunity, was launched.
    (SFC, 7/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 7, In Corsica explosions rocked vacation homes owned by mainland French in new nationalist violence a day after Corsicans rejected a plan designed to set up a single executive body to run Corsican affairs.
    (AP, 7/7/03)
2003        Jul 7, In Indonesia gunbattles between soldiers and rebels in Aceh province left 18 insurgents dead, and the bodies of five civilians were discovered in the region.
    (AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 7, In northwestern Tanzania a bus rolled several times after one of its front tires burst, killing at least 19 people and injuring 23 others.
    (AP, 7/8/03)

2003        Jul 8, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Abdoulaye Wade in Senegal. Bush visited Senegal's notorious Goree Island, for several centuries a processing station for African slaves bound in chains for the Western Hemisphere.
    (SFC, 7/7/03, p.A8)(AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 8, Richard Armitage, former Deputy Sec. of State, told Robert Novak about Valerie Plame. This information was only made public in 2006 when Richard Armitage said he had confessed this to the FBI on Oct 1, 2003.
    (SFC, 8/29/06, p.A2)
2003        Jul 8, In Meridian, Miss., Doug Williams (48), a white factory worker known as a racist who talked about murdering others opened fire with a shotgun and a rifle at a Lockheed Martin plant, killing four blacks and one white before committing suicide.
    (AP, 7/8/03)(SFC, 7/9/03, p.A6)
2003        Jul 8, Joanie Harper (39), her 3 children aged 2 months to 4 years, and her mother, were shot and killed in Bakersfield, Ca. Husband Vincent E. Brothers (41), a Bakersfield teacher and administrator, was arrested and released, but remained a prime suspect. In May, 2007, Brothers was convicted. On Sep 27 he was sentenced to death for the murders.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A13)(SFC, 7/11/03, p.A17)(SFC, 9/28/07, p.B12)
2003        Jul 8, Lewis Coser (89), leftist sociologist, died. His books included "American Communist Party: A Critical History (1919-1957)" (1958), and "Men of Ideas: A Sociologist's View" (1966).
    (SSFC, 7/13/03, p.A27)
2003        Jul 8, In Bangladesh a ferry, with an estimated 750 passengers, sank at the confluence of the Padma, Meghna and Dakatia rivers about 40 miles south of the capital, Dhaka. Some 220 survivors were counted.
    (AP, 7/9/03)
2003        Jul 8, In Burundi Hutu rebels fought their way into part of the capital, trading gun, mortar and grenade fire with the Tutsi-dominated army. Thousands fled their homes.
    (AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 8, Antonis Samarakis (84), Greek writer and children's rights activist, died. His books included the novel "Mistake" (1965).
    (SFC, 8/11/03, p.A17)
2003        Jul 8, In Iraq Mizban Khadr Hadi (No. 23), a high-ranking member of the Baath Party regional command and Mahmud Diab al-Ahmed (No. 29), the former interior minister, were taken into custody. The capture of Al-Ahmed was reported in error. He surrendered Aug 8.
    (AP, 7/9/03)(AP, 8/10/03)
2003        Jul 8, US military experts arrived in Liberia to assess the need for help in the local civil war.
    (AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 8, Nigeria's main trade unions accepted a government compromise on fuel prices and ended a crippling eight-day strike.
    (AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 8, Palestinian PM Mahmoud Abbas resigned from a top post in the Fatah movement.
    (AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 8, Ladan and Laleh Bijani (29), Iranian twin sisters, joined at the head, died within 90 minutes of each other as neurosurgeons in Singapore worked into a 3rd day to separate them.
    (AP, 7/7/03)(AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 8, A Sudanese airliner crashed minutes after its captain reported technical problems following takeoff, killing 116 people. The only survivor was a 2-year-old boy.
    (AP, 7/8/03)
2003        Jul 8, In Switzerland a swerving car plowed through pedestrians on a downtown bridge in Lausanne. Two people were killed, including a woman pushing her child in a stroller.
    (AP, 7/8/03)

2003        Jul 9, Pres. Bush met with South African President Thabo Mbeki in Pretoria for discussions on AIDS, the war on terror, trade issues and to seek common ground in their attempts to deal with the political and economic crisis in neighboring Zimbabwe. Pleading for patience, President Bush, continuing his Africa tour, said the United States would "have to remain tough" in Iraq despite attacks on U.S. soldiers. Bush said he was "absolutely confident" in his actions despite the discovery that one claim he'd made about Saddam Hussein's weapons pursuits was based on false information.
    (AP, 7/9/03)(SFC, 7/10/03, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/04)(AP, 7/9/08)
2003        Jul 9, US Defense Sec. Rumsfeld increased the estimate of military costs in Iraq to $3.9 billion a month.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 9, The US cleared $20 million in direct aid to the Palestinians.
    (WSJ, 7/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 9, Karl Rove, senior advisor to Pres. Bush, spoke with syndicated columnist Robert Novak about diplomat Joseph Wilson and his wife Valerie Plame. About this same time Rove also spoke with Matthew Cooper, Times White House correspondent, and mentioned Wilson and Plame. In 2006 Novak acknowledged that 3 administration sources, including Rove and CIA spokesman Bill Harlow, had provided him information.
    (SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)(SFC, 12/12/05, p.A3)(SFC, 7/12/06, p.A3)
2003        Jul 9, Research was released that said PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers), commonly used in flame retardants, posed a health hazard.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 9, Winston Graham (93), author of the hugely popular Poldark novels, died in Sussex, England. His other novels included "Marnie" (1961).
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 9, Canada became the 1st country in the world to start selling marijuana to several hundred seriously ill people but said the pot project could be halted at any time.
    (Reuters, 7/9/03)
2003        Jul 9, Haiti paid $32 million in arrears to the Inter-American Development Bank, nearly wiping out its foreign reserves in its effort to resume frozen international loans.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 9, It was reported that occupation authorities had eliminated all import taxes in Iraq and accelerated the closure of hundreds of local factories unable to compete with foreign goods. At the same time hundreds of millions of dollars was pumped in as cash payments to government workers. 2 U.S. soldiers were killed and a third wounded in separate attacks on their convoys near Mahmudiyah and Tikrit.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 9, In northwestern Somalia 3 days of fighting among hundreds of gunmen from rival clan-based factions killed more than 40 people and wounded 90.
    (AP, 7/10/03)

2003        Jul 10, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Festus Mogae in Botswana. Bush said that AIDS is "the deadliest enemy Africa has ever faced" and pledged to the nation with the world's highest AIDS infection rate that it would have a strong partner in his administration in fighting the disease.
    (SFC, 7/10/03, p.A8)(AP, 7/10/08)
2003        Jul 10, The oldest planet ever detected is nearly 13 billion years old and more than twice the size of Jupiter, locked in orbit around a whirling pulsar and a white dwarf located near the heart of a globular star cluster some 5,600 light-years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 10, In Burundi recent fighting left an estimated 170 people killed according to a UN estimate. 6,000 to 7,000 others had been forced to flee their homes.
    (AP, 7/12/03)
2003        Jul 10, Cuba signed an operating agreement with the Port of Corpus Christi, an agreement that could help erode the long-standing US embargo of the island.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 10, Lord Shawcross (101), Britain's chief prosecutor at the Nazi war crimes trials in Nuremberg, died in Cowbeech, England.
    (AP, 7/10/04)
2003        Jul 10, Framers of the European Union's first constitution finalized their draft charter but failed to settle differences over how much power national governments would cede to Brussels.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 10, Unemployment in Germany was reported to be around 11% with social spending close to 30% of the gross domestic product.
    (WSJ, 7/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 10, In Hong Kong a double-decker bus collided with a truck and plunged off a bridge, killing 21 people and injuring 20 more.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 10, In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded in a crowded market, killing at least three people and injuring 26 others, including many children.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 10, Spain's Pres. Aznar began a visit to 3 US states, California, New Mexico and Texas, to promote trade and cultural connections.
    (SFC, 7/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 10, Spain unveiled its first mosque since 1492 when the Moors were expelled.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 10, In southeastern Turkey suspected Kurdish rebels raided a village, killing four villagers and injuring another.
    (AP, 7/11/03)

2003        Jul 11, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Yoweri Museveni in Uganda. Bush and his wife Laura praised Uganda's aggressive prevention and treatment programs to combat HIV.
    (SFC, 7/11/03, p.A8)(AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 11, CIA Director George Tenet took blame for Pres. Bush's State of the Union discredited claim that uranium from Africa had been shipped to Iraq.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A14)
2003        Jul 11, Thousands marked the anniversary of the 1995 massacre at Srebrenica in Bosnia, burying 282 newly identified victims.
    (AP, 7/11/04)
2003        Jul 11, The Canadian government gave Air Canada the right to operate scheduled passenger flights to Cuba.
    (Reuters, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 11, In China a mudslide left 50 people missing in Sichuan province.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2003        Jul 11, India and Pakistan resumed bus service, a transportation link that was disrupted 18 months earlier due to threats of war.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 11, In Iran Zahra Kazemi (54), a Montreal-based journalist, died of brain hemorrhage from inflicted blows. [see Jun 23] Iran later admitted that she was murdered while under police custody. In 2004 a closed trial was held for a secret agent charged with the murder. Mohammad Reza Aghdam Ahmadi pleaded innocent on July 17 and the trial was abruptly ended the next day. The Tehran court acquitted Ahmadi.
    (AP, 7/13/03)(SFC, 7/17/03, p.A7)(WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/19/04, p.A8)(AP, 7/25/04)
2003        Jul 11, Spain, a leading U.S. ally during the war to oust Saddam Hussein, agreed to send 1,300 soldiers to Iraq.
    (AP, 7/12/03)
2003        Jul 11, In western Sudan about 30 rebels and an undisclosed number of government troops were killed during fighting near the border with Chad.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2003        Jul 11, The World Trade Organization ruled that heavy duties on steel imports imposed by the United States violated global trade rules.
    (AP, 7/11/04)

2003        Jul 12, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Olusegun Obasanjo in Nigeria. They discussed the circumstances under which Liberian President Charles Taylor will live in exile in Nigeria, Wrapping up a five-day tour of Africa, President Bush said he would not allow terrorists to use the continent as a base "to threaten the world."
    (SFC, 7/7/03, p.A8)(AP, 7/12/04)
2003        Jul 12, Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer leaked the identity of a CIA operative (Valerie Plame) to Washington Post reporter Walter Pincus during a phone call. Pincus testified to this in 2007 as the first defense witness in the CIA leak trial.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2003        Jul 12, The USS Ronald Reagan, the first carrier named for a living president, was commissioned in Norfolk, Va.
    (AP, 7/12/04)
2003        Jul 12, Benny Carter (95), jazz musician, composer and bandleader, died in Los Angeles. He was know as "The King." His work included arrangements for the 1943 film "Stormy Weather."
    (SFC, 7/14/03, p.B4)(WSJ, 7/16/03, p.D8)
2003        Jul 12, In Belgium PM Guy Verhofstadt took office as head of a new center-left government and immediately agreed to replace a war crimes law that has soured Belgium's relations with the United States.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2003        Jul 12, In Germany Techno fans took part in the 15th Love Parade in Berlin. Hundreds of thousands fans of techno music were expected to join the event.
    (AP, 7/12/03)
2003        Jul 12, In southern Chechnya rebels ambushed a Russian military vehicle and staged hit-and-run attacks against federal positions, killing 16 soldiers and wounding 13.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2003        Jul 12, Western Sahara's rebels unexpectedly accepted a peace plan for the mineral-rich region, but Morocco remained opposed.
    (AP, 7/12/03)

2003        Jul 13, In Ohio Benjamin White (17) grabbed Casey Hilmer (13) as she was jogging in suburban Indian Hills, dragged her to a wooded area and stabbed her in the face and neck. In 2005 jurors decided that his parents must bear most of the responsibility, as they awarded $10 million to the injured victim and her family.
    (AP, 8/21/05)
2003        Jul 13, Brenda Paz (17), a federal witness, was found stabbed to death on the banks of Virginias Shenandoah River. A federal jury convicted two members of the MS-13 street gang of her murder. MS-13 gang members wanted Paz dead for cooperating with police and prosecutors in cases against MS-13 members in Northern Virginia and Texas.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.23)(http://tinyurl.com/8tlnm)
2003        Jul 13, Compay Segundo (95), a once-forgotten Cuban musician who gained worldwide fame with the "Buena Vista Social Club," died in Havana.
    (AP, 7/14/03)
2003        Jul 13, In Iraq a 25-member interim Iraqi Governing Council (IGC) of prominent Iraqis from diverse political and religious backgrounds was named at an inaugural meeting, the first national body since the fall of Saddam Hussein. The council abolished a number of old holidays and established April 9, the fall of Baghdad and Saddam's regime, as a new national holiday.
    (AP, 7/13/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Jul 13, In Kashmir a bus skidded off a mountain road after hitting another vehicle and fell into a river, killing at least 16 people and injuring 19.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2003        Jul 13, Kuwait's emir, Sheik Jaber Al Ahmed Al Sabah (76), appointed his brother as prime minister, separating the post from the crown prince for the first time in a move seen as a step toward political reform.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2003        Jul 13, Hashim Salamat (61), founder of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), died in the Philippines. In the 1960s he was sent to Egypt where he obtained an Islamic philosophy degree from Al Azhar college in 1967 and a masters degree two years later.
    (WSJ, 8/25/08, p.A6)(www.newsflash.org/2003/05/ht/ht003629.htm)

2003        Jul 14, President Bush, facing questions about his credibility, said the United States was working overtime to prove Saddam Hussein was developing weapons of mass destruction before the United States invaded Iraq.
    (AP, 7/14/04)
2003        Jul 14, Columnist Robert Novak identified Valerie Plame as a CIA officer. Joseph Wilson, former American ambassador, had earlier alleged (July 6) that Pres. Bush had falsely accused Iraq of trying to buy uranium from Niger. Two White House officials soon called at least 6 Washington journalists and told them that Wilsons wife, Valerie Plame, was an undercover CIA agent who had worked in Niger. In 2006 Richard Armitage, former Deputy Sec. of State, said he had confessed to the FBI on Oct 1, 2003, that he told Robert Novak about Valerie Plame during a July 8, 2003, meeting.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)(SFC, 10/14/04, p.A4)(SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)(SFC, 8/29/06, p.A2)
2003        Jul 14,  In China Yang Bin (40), a Chinese-born Dutch citizen, was convicted of fraud and bribery and sentenced to 18 years in prison. The orchid-selling tycoon was once ranked by Forbes magazine as China's second-richest businessman.
    (AP, 7/14/03)(SFC, 7/15/03, p.A11)
2003        Jul 14, In China a mountain on a tributary of the Three Gorges gave way killing 13 farmers. A large tongue of land was sheered into the water and a resulting wave crashed over 20 boats killing 11 fisherman.
    (WSJ, 8/29/07, p.A12)
2003        Jul 14, The Cyprus parliament voted unanimously to approve the accession of the Mediterranean island to the European Union.
    (AP, 7/14/03)
2003        Jul 14, Iraq's new governing council, in its first full day on the job, voted to send a delegation to the U.N. Security Council and assert its right to represent Baghdad on the world stage.
    (AP, 7/14/04)
2003        Jul 14, It was reported that Kim Jong Il of North Korea maintained an unpublicized trading network and slush fund named Division 39 with a cash hoard as large as $5 billion. Its operations included counterfeiting, drug trafficking and trade in illicit weapons systems.
    (WSJ, 7/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 14, In Manila Fathur Rohman al-Ghozi, terror suspect, escaped from prison.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.34)

2003        Jul 15, The American League beat the National League in the All-Star Game 7-6.
    (AP, 7/15/04)
2003        Jul 15, Scott McClellan assumed his duties as White House press secretary.
    (AP, 7/15/04)
2003        Jul 15, The Bush administration reported that this year's deficit will reach $445 billion. The Bush administration dramatically raised its budget deficit projections to $455 billion for the current fiscal year and $475 billion for the next, record levels fed by the limp economy, tax cuts and the battle against terrorism.
    (SFC, 7/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/15/04)
2003        Jul 15, Tex Schramm (83), who turned the Dallas Cowboys into "America's Team," died in Dallas.
    (AP, 7/15/04)
2003        Jul 15, Elisabeth Welch (99), American-born singer, died in London.
    (AP, 7/15/04)
2003        Jul 15, Roberto Bolano (b.1953), Chilean author, died in Spain. His novel 2666 was published posthumously in 2006. In 2007 his novel The Savage Detectives (1998) was made available in English. His work explored both the condition of the writer and the chronic violence in Latin America.
    (www.absoluteastronomy.com/enc3/roberto_bola%C3%B1o)(SSFC, 4/1/07, p.M1)(Econ., 5/9/20, p.24)
2003        Jul 15, Four US crew members were killed in a fiery crash of a Navy helicopter in Italy.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2003        Jul 15, Chad began pumping oil to Cameroon, part of a project to help alleviate crushing poverty in the two countries. The 4.2 billion project was funded by the World Bank on the condition that the oil money be used for development. Pres. Idris Deby later diverted the money to the general budget and for weapons.
    (AP, 7/16/03)(SFC, 12/21/07, p.A31)
2003        Jul 15, The Colombian government and right-wing paramilitary fighters agreed to begin peace talks.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2003        Jul 15, In India health officials reported that mosquito-borne encephalitis had killed at least 110 children in Andhra Pradesh over the last 6 weeks.
    (WSJ, 7/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 15, Montserrat's governor declared the Caribbean island a disaster zone, days after a volcanic eruption spewed clouds of rock and ash over the British territory.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2003        Jul 15, Officials reported that Syrian troops had begun dismantling bases in Lebanon.
    (SFC, 7/16/03, p.A3)

2003        Jul 16, The Environmental Protection Agency announced it was starting big-money, long-term cleanups at 10 Superfund toxic waste sites and putting ten other sites aside for later.
    (AP, 7/16/04)   
2003        Jul 16, New research indicated that frequent masturbation, particularly in the 20s, helps prevent prostate cancer later in life.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2003        Jul 16, In Santa Monica, Ca., 10 people were killed and over 70 injured when a car driven by George Russell Weller (87) plowed through a crowded street market in an apparent accident. In 2006 a jury convicted Weller on 10 counts of felony manslaughter. He was sentenced to 5 years probation due to his failing health. Weller was also ordered to pay about $107,100 in fines and restitution.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A1)(SFC, 11/21/06, p.A3)(AP, 7/16/08)
2003        Jul 16, Celia Cruz (b.1925), Cuban-born Latin music singer, died in Fort Lee, NJ. In 2004 Eduardo Marceles authored Azucar! The biography of Celia Cruz. An autobiography based on recorded material was also published as Celia: My Life, by Celia Cruz and Christina Reymundo. 
    (SFC, 7/17/03, p.A21)(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.M6)
2003        Jul 16, Carol Shields (68), the Pulitzer-prize winning author who wrote "The Stone Diaries" (1995) and more than 20 other books, died at her home in Victoria, British Columbia.
    (AP, 7/17/03)(SFC, 7/18/03, p.A29)
2003        Jul 16, Salvatore Mancuso, head of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, said the largest paramilitary group agreed to lay down weapons because of the government's success in retaking control of wide swaths of land from leftist rebels.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 16, In northern India more than 100 people were feared dead in flash floods caused by a heavy rain in a remote hill area of Himachal Pradesh state.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2003        Jul 16, In Sao Tome, an island nation off West Africa, Pres. Fradique de Menezes was ousted in a coup led by army Maj. Fernando Pereira. The revolt changed control of the impoverished country's new oil wealth.
    (AP, 7/16/03)

2003        Jul 17, President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair forcefully defended their decision to topple Saddam Hussein during a joint White House news conference. In a speech to the U.S. Congress, Blair said even if they were proven wrong about Iraq's weapons capabilities, "We will have destroyed a threat that at its least is responsible for inhuman carnage and suffering."
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/17/04)
2003        Jul 17, Democrats Joe Lieberman, Dick Gephardt and Dennis Kucinich apologized to the NAACP for bypassing a presidential forum.
    (AP, 7/17/04)
2003        Jul 17, The US combat death toll in Iraq hit a milestone as the Pentagon acknowledged its casualties from hostile fire reached 147, the same number of troops who died at enemy hands in the first Gulf War. Gen. John Abizaid (b.1951), recently named as head of US Central Command, said loyalists are fighting an increasingly organized "guerrilla-type campaign."
    (AP, 7/17/03)(WSJ, 9/2/06, p.A4)
2003        Jul 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai announced the creation of a 500-member grand council, or loya jirga, to approve a new constitution for the country this year.
    (AP, 7/17/03)
2003        Jul 17, The leaders of an Australian Christian church voted to allow homosexuals to become priests, drawing protest from within the congregation.
    (AP, 7/17/03)
2003        Jul 17, In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, police killed 3 alleged gang members and pulled the bullet-riddled bodies of 7 others from a sludge-filled river in 2 notorious shantytowns due to an escalating gang war over drug control between The Red Command and Third Command.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 17, David Kelly (59), the British Ministry of Defense adviser, was reported missing. He was a possible source for news that claimed the government had doctored intelligence on Iraqi weapons to strengthen the case for war. His body was found the next day. Weapons expert David Kelly apparently committed suicide by slashing his left wrist. In 2010 the British government released a formerly secret autopsy report in an attempt to end speculation that Kellys was not a suicide.
    (AP, 7/18/03)(AP, 7/19/03)(AP, 10/22/10)
2003        Jul 17, Congo's main rebel leaders were sworn as vice presidents in a new power-sharing government, designed to end the country's nearly 5-year civil war. 4 vice presidents represented the ruling party, the opposition party and 2 rebel groups.
    (AP, 7/17/03)(Econ, 8/9/03, p.39)
2003        Jul 17, A new Iraq Trade Bank was established to provide letters of credit for big shipments to Iraq.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade_Bank_of_Iraq)(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003        Jul 17, A US company launched Mexican sales of microchips that can be implanted under a person's skin and used to confirm health history and identity.
    (AP, 7/17/03)
2003        Jul 17, In Mexico a landslide triggered by heavy rains in the southern state of Oaxaca swept away two houses and killed nine people, including five children.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 17, Philippine president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo said that police corruption likely led to the escape from prison of three terror suspects, including a top bomb expert, and threatened to shake up the police force.
    (AP, 7/17/03)
2003        Jul 17, In Russia's Dagestan region a shrapnel-filled bomb exploded near a police station, killing at least four people and injuring 18 others.
    (AP, 7/17/03)
2003        Jul 17, Walter Zapp (97), inventor of the Minox mini camera featured in spy movies, died, in northern Switzerland. Zapp was born in 1905 in Riga, Latvia.
    (AP, 7/28/03)

2003        Jul 18, The Bush administration declassified an 8-page part of the October, 2002, National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) dubbed key judgments in the wake of criticism on intelligence used to justify the war in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 2/10/06, p.A4)
2003        Jul 18, Basketball star Kobe Bryant was charged with sexually assaulting a 19-year-old woman at a Colorado spa; Bryant denied the charge, saying he was guilty only of adultery. Prosecutors later dropped the case.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
2003        Jul 18, Scientists reported the discovery of a link between a seratonin-controlling gene and depression.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A23)(WSJ, 7/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 18, Eight Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle was blown apart by a remote controlled mine.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 18, The body of British scientist David Kelly, a weapons expert at the center of a storm over British intelligence on Iraq, was found a day after he'd committed suicide.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
2003        Jul 18, The Philippine government announced a cease-fire deal with a Muslim rebel group.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 18, Zimbabwe government inspectors and police ordered bakeries to pay fines Friday for violating price controls.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

2003        Jul 19, In Spinboldak, Afghanistan, US forces, backed by helicopter gunships, killed up to 24 suspected Taliban insurgents after their convoy came under attack.
    (AP, 7/21/03)
2003        Jul 19, The first Human Tongue Transplant took place in Vienna, Austria. Tongue transplants had been performed for years on animals, but this was the first attempt at transplanting a human tongue. It was carried out at Memorial University Hospital in Vienna, Austria during a 14-hour operation by Dr. Rolf Ewers and eight surgeons. It was performed on an unidentified 42-year-old patient who was suffering from a malignant tumor affecting his tongue and jaw. Doctors believed he would ultimately be able to talk, have feeling and limited movement, but probably wont regain the sensation of taste.
2003        Jul 19, In southern China a bus plunged more than 300 feet off a cliff, killing 23 people.
    (AP, 7/21/03)
2003        Jul 19, In Jakarta, Indonesia, Budiarto Angsono, president of the PT Asaba computer firm, along with his bodyguard, were murdered. Police said it was likely the work of hitmen. Hiring a hitman to kill was said to cost about $2,300.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 19, In Kenya a twin-engine plane carrying 12 American tourists and two South African crew members en route to a game reserve crashed into Mount Kenya, apparently killing everyone on board.
    (AP, 7/20/03)

2003        Jul 20, President Bush welcomed Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi to his Texas ranch for a two-day visit.
    (AP, 7/20/04)
2003        Jul 20, American generals said a new Iraqi civil defense force would be created over the next 45 days with some 7,000 militia members. Gen. John Abizaid, the top commander of coalition forces in Iraq, predicted that resistance to U.S. forces in Iraq would grow in coming months as progress was made in creating a new government to replace the dictatorial regime of Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 7/21/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/20/04)
2003        Jul 20, Two soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division were killed and another wounded when their convoy came under rocket-propelled grenade and small arms fire in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/20/03)
2003        Jul 20, William Woolfolk (86), writer for cartoon characters like Batman and Captain Marvel, died. He coined one of Captain Marvel's signature lines: "Holy Moley," and authored the 1968 bestseller "The Beautiful Couple."
    (SFC, 8/11/03, p.A16)
2003        Jul 20, Ben Curtis, an unknown PGA Tour rookie in his first major championship, won the British Open.
    (AP, 7/20/04)
2003        Jul 20, In France 2 explosions rocked central Nice, slightly injuring at least 16 people and damaging several government buildings.
    (AP, 7/20/03)
2003        Jul 20, The Israeli and Palestinian prime ministers held a two-hour meeting, kicking off 10 days of international diplomacy aimed at solidifying a fragile Mideast cease-fire.
    (AP, 7/20/03)
2003        Jul 20, In southern Japan weekend mudslides destroyed more than a dozen homes, killing 16 people.
    (AP, 7/22/03)
2003        Jul 20, In Liberia rebels advanced deeper into the war-ravaged capital, trading mortar, grenade and machine-gun fire with government troops.
    (AP, 7/20/03)
2003        Jul 20, In Puerto Rico Jose Antonio Rivera Robles, was beaten to death at a gas station after he reportedly stole a police car. In 2009 a jury in US federal court convicted four Puerto Rican police officers in the beating death. Two other officers previously pleaded guilty to felony federal civil rights charges in the case.
    (AP, 8/13/09)(www.usdoj.gov/opa/pr/2009/August/09-crt-803.html)

2003        Jul 21, President Bush said he was working to persuade more nations to help in Iraq.
    (AP, 7/21/04)
2003        Jul 21, Carlton Dotson Jr., the roommate of missing Baylor basketball player Patrick Dennehy, was arrested and charged with Dennehy's murder.
    (AP, 7/21/04)
2003        Jul 21, About 1,000 soldiers of Afghanistan's new national army launched their first major operation, sweeping for insurgents in the east of the country.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 21, In southwest Cameroon water-logged hillsides gave way after a week of heavy rain, killing at least 21 people.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 21, In southwest China a magnitude-6.2 earthquake toppled thousands of mud-brick houses in a mountainous area, killing at least 16 people and injuring more than 300 others.
    (AP, 7/22/03)
2003        Jul 21, In Haiti a high tension wire snapped and fell, electrocuting 15 people who were gathered to watch the final match of a basketball game in Petit-Goave. All 15 died.
    (AP, 7/22/03)
2003        Jul 21, In Liberia mortar shells hit the heavily fortified U.S. Embassy in the Monrovia, injuring at least three people. Fighting in the Liberian capital of Monrovia left over 600 dead.
    (AP, 7/21/03)(AP, 7/22/03)
2003        Jul 21, In Peru 8 mountain climbers were missing after an avalanche on Alpamayo mountain. Four Germans, two Israelis, one Venezuelan and one Peruvian were believed to have been buried.
    (AP, 7/23/03)
2003        Jul 21, In Sao Tome military coup leaders freed seven government ministers detained in last week's bloodless rebellion and resumed talks with international mediators on restoring civilian rule.
    (AP, 7/21/03)
2003        Jul 21, Monsoon rains were reported to have killed at least 579 people in South Asia. India reported a total of 263 deaths, Bangladesh 169, Pakistan 78, and Nepal 69.
    (AP, 7/21/03)
2003        Jul 21, The Saudi government announced that police arrested 16 al-Qaida-linked terror suspects over the last 4 days and used tractors to dig up an underground arsenal: 20 tons of bomb-making chemicals, detonators, rocket-propelled grenades and rifles.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

2003        Jul 22, Months after her prisoner-of-war ordeal, Pvt. 1st Class Jessica Lynch returned home to a hero's welcome in Elizabeth, W.Va.
    (AP, 7/22/04)
2003        Jul 22, Saddam Hussein's sons Odai and Qusai were killed in a fiery battle at a Mosul mansion. Sheik Nawaf al-Zaydan Muhhamad informed US troops of their presence in his home and became $30 million richer.
    (AP, 7/23/03)(AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 22, Italy's state TV chief said she will resign as soon as Premier Silvio Berlusconi's governing coalition passes a law opponents say will grant the business mogul even greater control over Italian media.
    (AP, 7/23/03)
2003        Jul 22, In Paris an electrical fire broke out near the top of the Eiffel Tower, forcing thousands of alarmed visitors to evacuate.
    (AP, 7/23/03)   
2003        Jul 22, In Indian-held Kashmir 3 suspected Islamic guerrillas attacked an army camp, killing at least 8 soldiers and wounding more than a dozen others before being slain.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

2003        Jul 23, California's 1st statewide recall for Gov. Davis qualified for ballot, which was soon scheduled for Oct 7.
    (SFC, 7/24/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 23, Massachusetts' attorney general issued a report saying clergy members and others in the Boston Archdiocese probably sexually abused more than 1,000 people over a period of six decades.
    (AP, 7/23/04)
2003        Jul 23, New York City Councilman James Davis (41) was shot to death by political rival Othniel Askew (31) at City Hall; a police officer shot and killed Askew.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2003        Jul 23, A new audiotape, purported to be of toppled dictator Saddam Hussein, was broadcast by an Arab satellite station. It called on former soldiers to rise up against the American occupation.
    (AP, 7/23/03)
2003        Jul 23, In "Operation Helpem Fren" an Australian-led peacekeeping force poured into the Solomon Islands to keep the island chain from slipping deeper into anarchy.
    (AP, 7/24/03)(Econ, 8/9/03, p.34)
2003        Jul 23, Iran acknowledged that it was holding senior al Qaeda figures, but would not identify them.
    (WSJ, 7/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 23, In Peru 5 masked gunmen attacked a Canadian mining camp in the Andes, killing a Peruvian geologist, wounding another and stealing equipment.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 23, In Sao Tome rebel leaders ended a weeklong bloodless coup after the president signed an accord promising to replace the government and give them amnesty.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 23, In Uganda 2 passenger boats capsized in strong winds and rough waters on Lake Albert, and more than 20 people were believed to have drowned.
    (AP, 7/24/03)

2003        Jul 24, The House and Senate intelligence committees issued their final report on the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, citing countless blunders, oversights and miscalculations that prevented authorities from stopping the attackers.
    (AP, 7/24/04)
2003        Jul 24, In northern Iraq 3 US soldiers died in the 2nd  fatal attack on troops from the 101st Airborne Division since they tracked down and killed Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusai.
    (Reuters, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 24, Two hand grenades exploded outside a UN police station in northern Kosovo, killing one person and injuring four others.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 24, Colin McMillan, an oilman awaiting confirmation as US Navy secretary, was found dead at his 55,000-acre ranch in New Mexico. His death was ruled a suicide.
    (SFC, 7/26/03, p.A3)
2003        Jul 24, Eleven aid workers believed abducted by Rwandan and Burundian rebels in a restive eastern province of war-ravaged Congo were killed.
    (AP, 8/7/03)
2003        Jul 24, French lawmakers overwhelmingly passed a pension reform bill despite weeks of protests by people angry about having to work longer to get full retirement benefits.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 24, French lawmakers overwhelmingly passed a pension reform bill despite weeks of protests by people angry about having to work longer to get full retirement benefits. PM Rafarrin managed to push through a pension reform against union resistance with the support of CFDP, the French Defense and Protection Company.
    (AP, 7/24/03)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.49)
2003        Jul 24, In Guatemala protesters demanding that former dictator Rios Montt be allowed to run for president touched off a wave of violence that paralyzed the capital.
    (AP, 7/25/03)
2003        Jul 24, In Monrovia, Liberia, the bloodiest mortar attack in days killed at least 12 men, women and children.
    (AP, 7/25/03)

2003        Jul 25, Pres. Bush ordered a naval amphibious force from the Mediterranean to position itself off the coast of Liberia.
    (SFC, 7/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 25, Palestinian PM Mahmoud Abbas met with Pres. George Bush in Washington DC. Abbas thanked Bush for his efforts in pursuit of a peaceful Middle East and for a recent grant of $20 million in direct aid to the Palestinian Authority.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 25, John Schlesinger (b.1926), film director, died. His films included "Midnight Cowboy" (1969) and "Sunday Bloody Sunday" (1971).
    (SFC, 7/26/03, p.A22)
2003        Jul 25, Britains Communications Act came into effect. It allowed the government to prosecute people for grossly offensive postings on the Internet.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_Act_2003)(Econ, 6/25/16, p.16)
2003        Jul 25, In northeastern Congo thousands of tribal fighters attacked three villages with mortars, rocket-propelled grenades and assault rifles, killing as many as 150 people.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 25, In Haiti gunmen ambushed a delegation from the Interior Ministry on a central highway, killing 4 and seriously wounding one.
    (AP, 7/25/03)
2003        Jul 25, An Israeli soldier fired a tank-mounted machine gun at a pickup truck carrying a Palestinian family, killing a 4-year-old Palestinian boy and wounding two other children.
    (AP, 7/25/03)
2003        Jul 25, Japanese lawmakers voted to send military forces to Iraq to help with reconstruction.
    (SFC, 7/26/03, p.A3)
2003        Jul 25, In eastern Pakistan police commandos stormed a jail after five prisoners took nine visiting judges and 50 female detainees hostage, officials said. The raid ended the drama, but left three of the justices dead.
    (AP, 7/25/03)
2003        Jul 25, In Spain 2 top members of the outlawed Basque separatist group ETA were sentenced to 790 years in prison for a 1987 bombing that killed 21 people and injured 45.
    (AP, 7/26/03)

2003        Jul 26, Backers of a drive to oust California Governor Gray Davis held a boisterous celebration at the state Capitol in Sacramento, more than two months before the Oct. 7 recall election.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2003        Jul 26, John Higham (82), historian, died. His books included "Hanging Together: Unity and Diversity in American Culture."
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E9)
2003        Jul 26, Harold C. Schonberg (87), New York Times music critic, died in New York.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2003        Jul 26, Cuba celebrated the 50th anniversary of the start of Fidel Castro's revolution against Fulgencio Batista.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2003        Jul 26, In Haiti  a 4-day Voodoo religion pilgrimage, ended. It began with rituals to Ogou, the god of war, and ended with rites to the goddess of love, Erzuli. This year's crowd of more than 10,000 was half the turnout of last year.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
2003        Jul 26, In Iraq a grenade attack killed 3 US soldiers and wounded four while they guarded a children's hospital in Baqouba.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 26, Jiri Horak (79), the first leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party (1990-1992) after the fall of communism, died in Florida.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 26, Across northern Japan 3 powerful earthquakes knocked out power grids, collapsed buildings and set off mudslides. At least 268 people were hurt.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 26, In Liberia a mortar attack into a church harboring thousands of refugees, killed at least 15 and wounded about 55 others.
    (AP, 7/26/03)

2003        Jul 27, Bob Hope (b.1903), master of the one-liner and favorite comedian of servicemen and presidents alike, died at his home in Toluca Lake, Ca. He was born Leslie Townes Hope on May 29, 1903, in Eltham, England, the 5th of 7 sons of a British stonemason and a Welsh singer of light opera.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
2003        Jul 27, In Bermuda Premier Jennifer Smith stepped down after retaining her seat by just eight votes and watching her governing party narrowly win elections in the British territory.  Members of the center-left Progressive Labor Party endorsed Alex Scott (63) to replace her.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
2003        Jul 27, Lance Armstrong rode to his 5th straight Tour de France victory in a ceremonial final stage in Paris.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 27, Cambodia held elections for seats in the123-member national Assembly in the third democratic election in a decade.
    (AP, 7/27/03)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A9)
2003        Jul 27, The Israeli Cabinet voted to release up to 540 jailed Palestinians.
    (SFC, 7/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 27, In Manila some 300 mutinous Philippine troops, who seized a downtown residential shopping complex, surrendered. This ended a 19-hour standoff with government forces without a shot fired. Pres. Arroyo declared a state of rebellion, which lasted to Aug 11. In 2008 Arroyo pardoned 9 military officers who apologized after being convicted of the coup. In 2010 Antonio Trillanes IV, the most prominent of the 300 troops, was released from seven years in detention in a presidential amnesty for military rebels.
    (AP, 7/27/03)(WSJ, 8/12/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 12/21/10)

2003        Jul 28, J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. agreed to pay $305 million to settle actions related to loans and trades made with Enron Corp. and Dynegy Inc.
    (WSJ, 7/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 28, Aaron Bell, jazz bassist with Duke Ellington, died in NYC.
    (EntW, 12/03, p.94)
2003        Jul 28, Bangladesh became the second nation to ban the current issue of Newsweek's international edition over an article on new interpretations of Islam's holy book.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
2003        Jul 28, In Cambodia PM Hun Sen's party claimed victory in general elections, saying it expects to win around 73 of the 123 seats in the National Assembly. Hun Sen's party swept to victory, but apparently fell short of the two-thirds majority needed to govern outright.
    (AP, 7/28/03)(AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 28, In northern China a blast ripped through a fireworks factory in Wangkou, killing 29 people and injuring at least 141.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 28, In Liberia rebels captured the second-largest city of Buchanan, depriving embattled President Charles Taylor of his last significant port outside the besieged capital.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
2003        Jul 28, A mass grave was discovered in the mountainous Russian republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, a poor mountainous region close to Chechnya, with the remains of men, women and children who died 10 to 20 years ago.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 28, In Saudi Arabia 6 suspected militants were killed in a firefight with Saudi police, who raided a farm where they were hiding out. Two police also were killed.
    (AP, 7/28/03)

2003        Jul 29, Boston's Bill Mueller became the first player in major league history to hit grand slams from both sides of the plate in a game and connected for three homers in a 14-7 win at Texas.
    (AP, 7/29/04)
2003        Jul 29, President Bush refused to release a congressional report on possible links between Saudi Arabian officials and the Sept. 11 hijackers, saying disclosure "would help the enemy" by revealing intelligence sources and methods.
    (AP, 7/29/04)
2003        Jul 29, American soldiers in Tikrit overpowered and arrested a bodyguard who rarely left Saddam Hussein's side.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, A heat wave and a drought gauged a multibillion-dollar hole into Europe's economy, crippling shipping, shriveling crops and driving up the cost of electricity.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, Forest fires swept through parts of the ritzy French Riviera for a second day, devastating scenic woods and forcing thousands to be evacuated. At least four people have been killed.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, In Ivory Coast thousands of college students rioted in Abidjan, demanding compensation for a lost school year canceled by Ivory Coast's civil war.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor's forces launched what they called a major counterattack on the key port of Buchanan, battling to take back Liberia's second-largest city a day after it fell to insurgents.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29,  A land mine explosion shattered a military convoy near the border with rebel Chechnya, killing five Russian soldiers.
    (AP, 7/30/03)
2003        Jul 29, Foday Sankoh (65), an indicted Sierra Leone war criminal whose rebel forces were notorious for hacking off the limbs, lips and ears of civilians, died in UN custody at a Freetown hospital.
    (AP, 7/30/03)

2003        Jul 30, President Bush took personal responsibility for the first time for using disputed intelligence in his State of the Union address, but predicted he would be vindicated for going to war against Iraq.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2003        Jul 30, Textile manufacturer Pillowtex filed for bankruptcy saying it will close 16 plants and sell its assets. 4,300 people in the Kannopolis, NC, area lost their jobs.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.30)
2003        Jul 30, Sam Phillips (b.1923), founder of Sun Records (1952), died in Memphis. Phillips produced Elvis Presley's 1st record.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A19)
2003        Jul 30, In Cambodia opposition parties said they would only form a coalition government if PM Hun Sen stepped down.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Jul 30, In Paris, France, 2 men from Belarus were arrested for running Regpay, an Internet-based child porn trade. A 3rd partner was arrested 2 days later in Spain. Agents later arrested 330 Regpay subscribers in the US.
    (WSJ, 1/17/06, p.A6)
2003        Jul 30, Guatemala's highest court cleared the way for former dictator Efrain Rios Montt to run for president.
    (AP, 7/30/03)
2003        Jul 30, In India Lal Bihari, president of the Association of the Living Dead, estimated 35,000 people in Uttar Pradesh state have been wrongly certified as dead. "We have knocked on doors of government officials and police. No one is ready to recognize us as living persons because revenue records declare us dead."
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Jul 30, Iraq's U.S.-picked interim government named its first president: Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a Shiite Muslim from the Daawa party banned by Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 7/30/04)(WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1)
2003        Jul 30, The last Volkswagen Beetle was produced in Mexico. Some 21,529,464 Bugs were built there over 68 years.
    (WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A1)

2003        Jul 31, Two of ousted Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's daughters and their nine children were granted refuge in Jordan.
    (AP, 7/31/04)
2003        Jul 31, The Israeli parliament voted to block Palestinians who marry Israelis from becoming Israeli citizens of residents. The legislation was enacted for one year. In 2006 the Supreme Court rejected petitions to overturn the law.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A20)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.47)
2003        Jul 31, In Nepal monsoon rains triggered landslides, killing at least 48 villagers over the last 2 days, burying houses and blocking a key highway.
    (AP, 7/31/03)
2003        Jul 31, The Vatican launched a global campaign against gay marriages, warning Catholic politicians that support of same-sex unions was "gravely immoral" and urging non-Catholics to join the offensive.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/31/04)

2003        Jul, Yahoo paid $1.6 billion for Overture Services, a pioneer in the paid-search advertising business. Overture was called GoTo.com and came out of a factory of companies called Idealab, developed by Bill Gross in 1996.
    (Econ, 5/15/04,  e-com p.17)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.62)
2003        Jul, China's foreign reserves reached a record $356 billion.
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.54)

2003        Aug 1, Australias island state of Tasmania reported that a deadly facial cancer was killing Tasmanian devils, a carnivorous marsupial the size of a small dog.
2003        Aug 1, The Belgian Senate gave final approval to a scaled-down war crimes law that the government hopes will repair relations with Washington and preserve Belgium's role as NATO headquarters.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1,  In Bolivia police seized 2 tons of cocaine and arrested 20 people in what officials called the country's biggest drug bust in nearly a decade.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, Marie Trintignant (41) died after several days on a respirator in France. She was initially hospitalized in the Lithuanian capital, Vilnius, on July 27 after French rock star Bertrand Cantat (39) allegedly beat her at the hotel where they were staying with her mother and one of her sons. Trintignant, had been in Lithuania since June filming a joint French-Lithuanian television movie, "Colette," about the French female writer. Bertrand Cantat was later sentenced to 8 years in prison for manslaughter. He was released for good behavior in October 2007 after serving four years.
    (AP, 8/5/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Trintignant)
2003        Aug 1, In Israel Yehiya Farhan and a 16-year-old girlfriend lured Dana Bennett (18) into their vehicle. Farhan beat her to death and concealed the body in the northern hills. Months earlier the couple had picked up Czech hitch hiker Sylvia Molrova (27), killed her and dumped her body in a remote spot. In 2009 Israeli detectives arrested Farhan. He was already in custody on suspicion of raping an Australian tourist when a tip led homicide detectives to him. In 2010 Farhan (34) was sentenced to 102 years in prison. Farhan's female accomplice helped police with their investigation and was sentenced to a shorter prison term in a plea bargain.
    (www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3721705,00.html)(AP, 7/21/10)
2003        Aug 1, In Kenya a terrorist suspect detonated a hand grenade as he was being arrested near Mombasa's central police station, killing himself and a policeman.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, In Monrovia, Liberia, shelling erupted after a one-day lull, killing at least 9 people. Top West African officials flew into the capital to press the country's president to cede power after peacekeepers arrive, but Charles Taylor kept them waiting by reportedly heading to a southern war zone. Taylor actually flew to Libya to gather arms and ammunition.
    (AP, 8/1/03)(SFC, 8/8/03, p.A10)
2003        Aug 1, Mexican soldiers used a bazooka to return fire against cars believed to be carrying drug traffickers during a wild pre-dawn battle, killing three suspects.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, North Korea eased its insistence on one-on-one talks with Washington and agreed to join U.S.-proposed multilateral talks, where it will find little sympathy for its suspected nuclear weapons programs.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
 2003        Aug 1, A suicide bomber rammed a truck packed with explosives through the gates of a Russian military hospital near Chechnya, destroying the building and killing at least 50 people.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2003        Aug 1, In Rwanda the largest trial so far seeking justice for the 1994 genocide ended. A tribunal convicted 100 people of rape, torture, murder and crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 1, In Sao Tome PM Maria das Neves resigned. Four other government ministers also have offered to resign.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, The UN Security Council approved sending a multinational force to Liberia.
    (AP, 8/2/03)

2003        Aug 2, Gov. Davis signed a nearly $100 million budget for California and blamed Republicans for the budget's painful cuts.
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 2, Bolivian police seized 3 more tons of cocaine meant for shipment to Spain in the country's biggest drug bust ever.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2003        Aug 2, Indonesia judges sentenced US reporter William Nessen to 41 days for failing to inform officials of an address change in Jakarta. Nessen had already been jailed for 40 days following time spent with rebels in Aceh.
    (SFCM, 11/2/03, p.15)
2003        Aug 2, A bomb exploded in a car south of Beirut, killing at least two people in the vehicle and wounding passers-by.
    (AP, 8/2/03)
2003        Aug 2, Canadian military personnel joined nearly 2,000 civilian firefighters battling the three fires -- in Kamloops, Barriere and Falkland, British Columbia. An estimated 8,500 people had already been evacuated as 16,500 acres burned.
    (Reuters, 8/2/03)
2003        Aug 2, Saddam Hussein's two elder sons and a grandson were buried as martyrs near the deposed Iraqi leader's hometown of Tikrit, where insurgents afterward attacked U.S. troops with three remote-controlled bombs.
    (AP, 8/2/04)
2003        Aug 2, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor agreed to cede power on Aug. 11.
    (AP, 8/2/03)

2003        Aug 3, The Episcopal Church's House of Deputies further paved the way for the Rev. V. Gene Robinson to become the church's first openly gay elected bishop, approving him on a 2-1 vote.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2003        Aug 3, As of this day 249 U.S. soldiers have died since the beginning of military operations in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 3, Fires in Flathead Ct., Montana, covered over 23,000 acres and into the edge of Glacier National Park. Tow other fires burned nearby.
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A13)
2003        Aug 3, Dr. Pater Safar (79), regarded as the father of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr), died in Pittsburgh, Pa.
    (SFC, 8/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 3, In western India 3 buildings collapsed when a cooking gas cylinder exploded, killing at least 43 people and injuring 39.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 3, In northern Pakistan dynamite used for building a water channel blew up in a village, killing at least 45 people and injuring 150 others.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2003        Aug 3, The worst wildfires in 20 years raged across central Portugal, killing at least nine people. Portugals fires this year killed 18 people and destroyed 1.05 million acres of forest.
    (AP, 8/4/03)(Econ, 8/27/05, p.42)
2003        Aug 3, It was reported that the economic crises in Zimbabwe has led to corpses being stacked up because relatives could not afford burial costs.
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A16)

2003        Aug 4, California Governor Gray Davis asked the state Supreme Court to delay his Oct. 7 recall election until the following March. The recall went ahead as originally scheduled.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2003        Aug 4, In northern Afghanistan a soldier of warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum mishandled a mortar and the shell exploded, killing 13 troops and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2003        Aug 4, Azerbaijan's parliament named ailing President Geidar Aliev's son, Ilham Geidar Oglu Aliev (b.1961), as PM.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, Brazilian novelist Ruben Fonseca (b.1925) won Mexico's prestigious Juan Rulfo Prize for literature.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, In Chinas Qiqihar city one person died and 43 people were injured after construction workers broke open several barrels of World War II mustard gas abandoned by Japanese troops. In 2010 a Tokyo court rejected compensation claims by a group of Chinese plaintiffs, who demanded the Japanese government pay 1.43 billion yen ($16 million) in damages.
    (www.chinadaily.com.cn/en/doc/2003-08/12/content_254104.htm)(AP, 5/24/10)
2003        Aug 4, In Honduras 9 members of a family were shot to death by suspected gang that raided their home in San Pedro Sula.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, West African forces arrived in Liberia to oversee the departure of President Charles Taylor.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2003        Aug 4, Chung Mong-hun (54) a top executive of the Hyundai conglomerate, whose business spearheaded reconciliation efforts with North Korea but ended up tangled in debt and scandal, plunged to his death from his office window.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, Mexico's federal government dispatched some 650 federal agents to Tijuana in the latest attempt to curb smuggling and corruption in the rough border city.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        cAug 4, Pres. Putin visited Malaysia to seal a $900 million sale of Sukhoi fighter jets and tout Russia's liberal sale policies.
    (WSJ, 8/5/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 5, US Episcopal leaders approved New Hampshire bishop-elect Rev. Gene Robinson as the church's first openly gay bishop.
    (SFC, 8/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 5, A powerful car bomb exploded in an apparent suicide attack outside the Marriott hotel in downtown Jakarta, killing 10 people and wounding 149, including two Americans. The head of Asmar Latin Sani (28), the suicide bomber, landed on the 5th floor of the hotel.
    (AP, 8/5/03)(SFC, 8/7/03, p.A3)(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 5, Catalino "Tite" Curet Alonso (77), a Puerto Rican composer who wrote nearly 2,000 dance songs and ballads, died in Baltimore.
    (AP, 8/6/03)(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A15)

2003        Aug 6, Arnold Schwarzenegger on The Tonight Show told Jay Leno and a national TV audience of his candidacy to replace Gray Davis as governor of California. Hours later, Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante said he was entering the recall race as well.
    (SFC, 8/7/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/6/04)
2003        Aug 6, Roberto Marinho (98), who turned his father's O Globo newspaper into a media empire and became one of Brazil's richest men, died.
    (AP, 8/7/03)(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A14)
2003        Aug 6, Israel freed 334 Palestinian prisoners in a bid to jump-start peace efforts, but the gesture fell flat among Palestinians.
    (AP, 8/6/04)
2003        Aug 6, Record-breaking heat, already blamed for three dozen deaths, continued to torment Europe.
    (AP, 8/6/04)

2003        Aug 7, Scientists reported a new vaccine that was successful against the Ebola virus in monkeys.
    (WSJ, 8/7/03, p.D6)
2003        Aug 7, In the August issue of Foundations of Physics Letters, Peter Lynds of New Zealand claimed to see time and motion in a new way. Lynds refutes an assumption dating back 2,500 years, that time can be thought of in physical, definable quantities. In essence, scientists have long assumed that motion can be considered in frozen moments, or instants, even as time flows on. "There isn't a precise instant underlying an object's motion," he said. "And as its position is constantly changing over time -- and as such, never determined -- it also doesn't have a determined position at any time."
    (AP, 8/7/03)
2003        Aug 7, In Afghanistan some 40 suspected Taliban fighters killed 6 Afghan soldiers and a driver for a US aid organization.
    (SFC, 8/8/03, p.A7)
2003        Aug 7, An Australian patrol boat spotted the Viarsa, a Spain-based fishing vessel, near Heard Island, half way between Australia and South Africa. The Viarsa with 96 tons of Chilean Sea Bass fled south and was chased for 3 weeks until cornered with help by ships from Britain and South Africa. In 2006 G. Bruce Knecht authored Hooked: Pirates, Poaching and the Perfect Fish, an account of the chase and the Chilean Sea Bass.
    (WSJ, 5/4/06, p.B1)
2003        Aug 7, Bangladesh and Namibia pledged more than 6,000 troops for a UN peace-keeping force to replace multinational soldiers now deploying in war-torn Liberia.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2003        Aug 7, Chechen rebels using a shoulder-fired missile shot down a Russian military helicopter in the mountains, killing three of the crew.
    (AP, 8/7/03)
2003        Aug 7, Gunmen ambushed a Russian military convoy near the border with Chechnya, killing six soldiers and wounding seven.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2003        Aug 7, Denmark's unemployment rate rose in June to 6.2 percent, the highest level in almost five years.
    (AP, 8/7/03)
2003        Aug 7, An Indonesian court sentenced Amrozi bin Nurhasyim to death in the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people.
    (AP, 8/7/04)
2003        Aug 7, In Iraq a car bomb shattered a street outside the walled Jordanian Embassy, killed 19 people including two children.
    (SFC, 8/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/7/08)
2003        Aug 7, In Liberia Charles Taylor picked Vice Pres. Moses Blah (56) as his successor. West African peacekeepers entered Liberia's rebel-besieged capital.
    (AP, 8/7/04)
2003        Aug 7, An opposition party in the Turks and Caicos, a British territory, won legislative elections and will return to power after eight years out of office.
    (AP, 8/8/03)

2003        Aug 8, George Soros pledged $10 million to a political action committee called America Coming Together to defeat George Bush in 2004.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2003        Aug 8, A US federal judge ruled that some 264,000 square miles of submerged lands in the Northern Mariana Islands, a US commonwealth, belong to the United States.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2003        Aug 8, The Boston Roman Catholic archdiocese offered $55 million to settle lawsuits stemming from sex abuse by priests. The archdiocese later settled for $85 million.
    (AP, 8/8/04)
2003        Aug 8, In eastern Colombia suspected rebels set off a car bomb near the Saravena airport, killing five civilians, including two children.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2003        Aug 8, In India workers camped out at a mountain tunnel were hit by a fierce overnight thunderstorm near a Himalayan resort in Himachal Pradesh state, leaving at least 26 dead.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2003        Aug 8, Mahmud Dhiyab Al-Ahmad, Saddam Hussein's former interior minister, (No. 29 on the list of 55 most-wanted Iraqis) surrendered to coalition forces.
    (AP, 8/10/03)
2003        Aug 8, A West Bank raid on a bomb lab by Israeli troops killed 2 members of the Islamic militant group Hamas. An Israeli soldier also was killed.
    (AP, 8/9/03)
2003        Aug 8, Hezbollah guerrillas shelled Israeli positions in a disputed Lebanese border region for the first time in eight months, drawing Israeli airstrikes and artillery fire.
    (AP, 8/8/03)

2003        Aug 9, The US Army fired up its first chemical weapons incinerator located near a residential area, outside Anniston, Ala., to destroy two rockets loaded with enough sarin nerve agent to wipe out a city.
    (SSFC, 8/10/03, p.A4)(AP, 8/9/08)
2003        Aug 9, Gregory Hines (57), considered the greatest tap dancer of his generation, died of cancer in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 9, In northeastern Brazil 84 inmates from a maximum security prison escaped through a tunnel.
    (AP, 8/9/03)
2003        Aug 9, Mitar Rasevic, Bosnian Serb prison chief of 37 guards at the KP-Dom detention facility in Foca, surrendered in Belgrade to the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal. He was wanted on charges of enslavement, torture and murder at the wartime prison.
    (AP, 8/15/03)

2003        Aug 10, Atlanta Braves shortstop Rafael Furcal turned the 12th unassisted triple play in major league history against the St. Louis Cardinals. St. Louis beat Atlanta 3-2.
    (AP, 8/11/04)
2003        Aug 10, Britain sweltered through its hottest day on record and Alpine glaciers melted as the heat wave that has baked much of Europe for days sizzled relentlessly on. Britain topped 100 degrees for the first time in recorded history.
    (AP, 8/11/03)(AP, 8/10/08)
2003        Aug 10, Eight Russian soldiers and police died in rebel attacks in a day of violence throughout Chechnya.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 10, India's prime minister called for an end to bloodshed between Pakistan and India in a statement read before a peace conference in Islamabad.
    (AP, 8/10/03)
2003        Aug 10, Israeli warplanes bombed suspected Hezbollah positions in southern Lebanon, hours after the militant group shelled northern Israel, killing a teenage boy.
    (AP, 8/10/03)
2003        Aug 10, Pirates in the Strait of Malacca struck a small tanker near the Port Klang, Kuala Lumpur. They looted the ship and took it into Indonesia waters and sought $100,000 ransom for the top 3 officers.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.A8)
2003        Aug 10, Liberian President Charles Taylor delivered a farewell address to a nation bloodied by 14 years of war.
    (AP, 8/11/04)
2003        Aug 10, In Pakistan gunmen on motorcycles opened fire on a van in the southern port city of Karachi, killing five people.
    (AP, 8/10/03)
2003        Aug 10, In the southern Philippines army troops searching for a suspected Islamic militant clashed with unidentified men, killing three gunmen.
    (AP, 8/10/03)
2003        Aug 10, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko, aboard the international space center, married his earthbound bride, Ekaterina Dmitriev, who was at Johnson Space Center in Houston, in the first wedding ever conducted from space.
    (AP, 8/11/08)
2003        Aug 10, Saudi police arrested 10 suspected Muslim militants following a gunfight after police tried to stop their cars outside Riyadh.
    (WSJ, 8/12/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 11, Pres. Bush named Mike Leavitt, Republican governor of Utah, to head the EPA.
    (SFC, 8/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 11, Herb Brooks, who coached the U.S. Olympic hockey team to the "Miracle on Ice" victory over the Soviet Union in 1980, died in a car wreck near Minneapolis at age 66.
    (AP, 8/11/04)
2003        Aug 11, In Afghanistan NATO took command of the 5,000-strong international peacekeeping force in Kabul, its 1st deployment outside Europe.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 11, British troops restored badly needed electricity to parts of Basra and supervised distribution of gasoline after two days of protests over fuel and power shortages.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 11, In northern China a gas explosion ripped through a coal mine, killing at least 33 miners and leaving nine missing.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, The Dominican Republic granted asylum to former Ecuadorian President Gustavo Noboa, who has been under investigation for allegedly mishandling his country's foreign debt negotiations and costing the country $9 billion.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, A helicopter chartered by one of India's largest oil companies crashed into the Arabian Sea near Bombay with 29 people on board. Two people were rescued.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor shook hands with his designated successor as his long-promised resignation ceremony started in Monrovia. A UN official later reported that Taylor took $3 million with him, that had been donated for disarming and demobilizing thousands of armed combatants. Taylor flew into exile in Nigeria following his resignation.
    (AP, 8/11/03)(SFC, 9/6/03, p.A3)(AP, 7/14/09)
2003        Aug 11, Gunmen killed Nadirshakh Khachilayev, a former lawmaker, in Makhachkala, capital of Dagestan. In 1998 his armed supporters were accused of seizing a Dagestani government building during a violent anti-government raid and Russia's parliament voted to lift his immunity.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah flew to Morocco for talks with King Mohammed VI about Iraq and the Palestinian territories.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 11, Hambali (39), an Indonesian whose real name is Riduan Isamuddin, was captured in a raid in the ancient temple city of Ayutthaya, Thailand. Hambali, the operational head of Jemaah Islamiyah, was handed over to US authorities and flown out of the country. He was al Qaeda's top man in Southeast Asia and the suspected mastermind behind a string of deadly bombings including the Bali attacks.
    (Reuters, 8/15/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A3)(AP, 8/16/03)

2003        Aug 12, The FBI arrested Hemant Lakhani, an Indian-born British arms dealer, in a sting operation in New Jersey and foiled a contrived plot aimed at smuggling a shoulder-fired missile for some $80,000 to US-based terrorists. It involved cooperation between the intelligence services of the US and Russia.
    (AP, 8/13/03)(WSJ, 8/13/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 12, John Poindexter submitted a 5-page letter of resignation from his position as director of DARPA, the Pentagon's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. Poindexter, a former Navy admiral and national security advisor to Pres. Reagan, had proposed the Pentagon-funded Total Awareness Program, a plan for government computers to gather digital and personal information on everybody in the pursuit of terrorists. His plan, which included built-in privacy protections, failed but was succeeded by a National Security Agency program that left out his privacy protections.
    (SFC, 8/13/03, p.A5)(SSFC, 3/7/10, p.F5)
2003        Aug 12, Some 8,000 US doctors called for a government-financed national health insurance as a single-payer system similar to an expanded version of Medicare.
    (SFC, 8/13/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 12, An Internet worm targeting Microsoft Corp Windows users was spreading rapidly around the world, triggering computer crashes and slowing Web connections. Dubbed Blaster but also known as LoveSan or MSBlaster, carried a message for the Microsoft chairman: "Billy Gates why do you make this possible? Stop making money and fix your software!!"
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 12, A balsa-mylar model airplane set a long distance flight record of 1,888.3 miles as it landed in Ireland from Newfoundland.
    (WSJ, 8/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 12, At least 20 combatants died in a gunbattle between suspected Taliban fighters and Afghan government soldiers.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2003        Aug 12, Legislators in Argentina's lower house voted to throw out amnesty laws that effectively ended trials over abuses during the country's military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2003        Aug 12, El Salvador sent 360 peacekeepers to Iraq.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2003        Aug 12,  Two teenage Palestinian suicide bombings less than an hour apart killed at least 2 Israelis at a shopping plaza in Israel and a bus stop in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 12, Liberia's leading rebel movement agreed to lift its siege of the capital and vital port within two days, allowing food to flow to hundreds of thousands of hungry people.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2003        Aug 12, The Serbian government said it wants to retake control of Kosovo but pledged to give it "substantial autonomy." Serbia claimed UN officials have failed to establish democracy there.
    (AP, 8/13/03)

2003        Aug 13, Arnold Schwarzenegger, candidate for governor of California, named Warren Buffet as his economic adviser. 135 candidates were certified.
    (WSJ, 8/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 13, Florida's legislature approved a bill that capped most medical malpractice damage awards at $500,000.
    (WSJ, 8/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 13, In southern Afghanistan a bomb ripped through a bus in Lashkargah, killing 15 people, including six children. Officials blamed al-Qaida and remnants of the Taliban militia for the bombing, the deadliest in nearly a year. Heavy fighting erupted between government soldiers and Taliban remnants. 43 deaths were reported in the fighting.
    (AP, 8/13/03)(AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 13, Ontario health officials reported that a family doctor had become the 44th person to die from SARS in Toronto.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 13, Chinese researchers reported that they had created hybrid embryos of human and rabbit DNA as a source for stem cells.
    (SFC, 8/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 13, Iraq began pumping crude oil from its northern oil fields for the first time since the start of the war.
    (AP, 8/13/04)
2003        Aug 13, In Iraq British Private Jason Smith (32) died of heat stroke as the local temperature passed the limits of available thermometers. An inquest in 2007 ruled that troops were not adequately advised on how to cope with high temperatures. In 2009 the British Ministry of Defense upheld an earlier judgment that the military had breached Smiths right to life.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.58)(www.operations.mod.uk/telic/smith.htm)
2003        Aug 13, Libya agreed to set up a $2.7 billion fund for families of 270 people killed in the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
    (AP, 8/13/04)
2003        Aug 13, Scientists are blaming global warming for falling fish harvests in Africa's Lake Tanganyika, threatening the diets of several poor nations.
    (AP, 8/13/03)

2003        Aug 14, A massive power blackout hit 8 northeastern US states and southern Canada. It shut down 10 major airports and 9 nuclear power stations. The problem began in the FirstEnergy plant near Cleveland at 2pm. Cleveland lost power at 4:09pm.
    (AP, 8/15/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/18/03, p.A6)
2003        Aug 14, Roy Moore, Alabama's chief justice, said that he would refuse to move a Ten Commandments monument from the state judicial building in Montgomery.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.A4)
2003        Aug 14, Dozens of American troops landed at Liberia's main airport, increasing the U.S. presence to boost West African peacekeepers, as rebels began withdrawing from Monrovia. A "quick reaction" force of 150 combat troops were sent to back up Nigerian peacekeepers.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 14, The French health ministry estimated that about 3,000 people had died in France of heat-related causes since abnormally high temperatures swept across the country about two weeks ago.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 14, In northeast India suspected separatist rebels blew up a bus on the main highway, killing six passengers.
    (AP, 8/14/03) 
2003        Aug 14, Israeli troops killed Mohammed Sidr, a top Islamic Jihad commander, in a gun battle at his hideout in Hebron.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(WSJ, 8/15/03, p.A6)
2003        Aug 14, A Greek oil tanker that ran aground Jul 27 off the port city of Karachi broke apart, but officials said the worst was over and rich fishing grounds nearby were not threatened. The ship carried 378,000 to 450,000 gallons. It leaked an estimated 12,000 metric tons.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 14, The UN Security Council approved a resolution welcoming the Iraqi Governing Council and created a mission to oversee UN efforts to help rebuild the country and establish a democratic government.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 14, Rebels lifted their siege of Liberia's capital.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
2003        Aug 14, The 16-member Pacific Islands Forum (Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Marshall Islands, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu) planned to create a region-wide aviation market aimed at encouraging tourism.
    (AP, 8/14/03)

2003        Aug 15, Bouncing back from the largest blackout in U.S. history, cities from the Midwest to Manhattan restored power to millions of people only to confront a second series of woes created in the aftermath of the enormous outage.
    (AP, 8/15/04)
2003        Aug 15, West Virginia officials suspected that a single sniper had killed 3 people in recent days near Charleston.
    (SFC, 8/16/03, p.A4)
2003        Aug 15, A remote mine, allegedly triggered by Chechen rebels, killed five Russian soldiers while troops were conducting a search operation in the breakaway republic. Chechen rebels also fired automatic weapons and lobbed grenades at a military commander's office, killing two soldiers and wounding 10.
    (AP, 8/15/03)(AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Saboteurs blew up a major pipeline and stopped all oil flow from Iraq to Turkey, just three days after the pipeline between the two countries was reopened. A following fire raged into the next day. The 600-mile pipeline runs from the northern city of Kirkuk to the Turkish city of Ceyhan.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Tens of thousands Liberian civilians, desperate for food, broke through barricades on Monrovia's front-line bridges, reuniting the capital after 10 weeks of rebel siege.
    (AP, 8/15/03)
2003        Aug 15, The ruling prince of Liechtenstein, who garnered controversy in Europe with his push for more power in the tiny state, announced he would step down and hand over the reins to his son in one year.
    (AP, 8/15/03)
2003        Aug 15, Mexican troops arrested one of the country's most-wanted drug-traffic suspects, Armando Valencia, along with seven top figures in his ring in Tlajomulco near Guadalajara.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, A landslide swept through an army base in northern Nepal killing at least 15 soldiers, and search teams scoured the debris for more bodies.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Nicanor Duarte was inaugurated as Paraguay's 47th president. Presidents from Colombia and other countries in the region gave Duarte his first official business as they signed the "Declaration of Asuncion" pledging a political alliance in the war on drugs.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Philippine army forces in a speedboat killed 4 suspected members of Abu Sayyaf, an extremist Muslim group, in a clash at sea after getting a tip from fishermen.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003        Aug 15, Saudi police arrested at least 11 suspected militants and seized a large weapons cache in southern Jazan province that included rockets and explosive chemicals.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, The World Bank said it is lending Vietnam $100 million over the next 3 years to support reforms, reduce poverty, develop a market economy and help devise a modern legal system.
    (AP, 8/15/03)

2003        Aug 16, The Midwest and Northeast were almost fully recovered from the worst power outage in U.S. history.
    (AP, 8/16/04)
2003        Aug 16, Bill Janklow (64), US Congressional Representative and former South Dakota governor, ran a stop sign and killed motorcyclist Randolph E. Scott (55) near Flandreau, SD. On Aug 29 Janklow was charged with manslaughter. Janklow was found guilty of felony manslaughter on Dec 8 and announced his resignation effective Jan 20. Janklow was sentenced to serve 100 days in a county jail.
    (SFC, 8/30/03, p.A3)(SFC, 12/9/03, p.A5)(SFC, 1/23/04, p.A3)
2003        Aug 16, Haroldo de Campos (73), Brazilian poet, died in Sao Paulo. He was the best know of the Brazilian Concrete poets.
    (SFC, 8/26/03, p.A19)
2003        Aug 16, In Nigeria's southern oil port city of Warri, authorities imposed a nighttime curfew following gunbattles between rival tribal militias that have killed at least 20 people.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 16, In southern Pakistan unidentified gunmen shot to death Ibn-e-Hasan (45), a Shiite Muslim doctor, sparking rowdy protests by hundreds of youths.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 16, In north central Uganda rebels from the shadowy Lord's Resistance Army slashed up to 15 people to death with machetes during an attack on the village of Bata. They also made off with 40 children. All the people killed were formerly abductees who had been rescued. The army said the next day it had killed 20 rebel fighters and rescued 127 abducted children.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003        Aug 16, Former Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, blamed for the murder of tens of thousands of his people in the 1970s, died in a Saudi hospital where he had been critically ill for weeks. In 2006 the film The Last King of Scotland, was adopted from a novel by Giles Foden that focused on Idi Amin. The film, directed by Kevin McDonald,  featured Forest Whitaker as Amin.
    (AP, 8/16/03)(www.moreorless.au.com/killers/amin.html)(WSJ, 9/29/06, p.W1)
2003        Aug 16, It was reported that African swine fever (ASF) had killed half of the pigs in Uganda this year.
    (SFC, 8/16/03, p.A24)

2003        Aug 17, US Federal investigators joined industry teams in the search for clues into what triggered the country's worst power blackout in the Midwest and Northeast as the Bush administration promised to get answers and address whatever problem was found.
    (AP, 8/17/04)
2003        Aug 17, In southeastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a police headquarters sparking a battle that killed at least 15 fighters and seven Afghan police.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003        Aug 17, Iceland launched its first whale hunt in more than a decade in the name of scientific research. The US, Britain and several other governments opposed to whaling labeled the hunt unnecessary.
    (AP, 8/18/03)
2003        cAug 17, Iranians in Semirom clashed with police over consolidation of the central city with less-affluent Shahreza. 8 people were left dead.
    (WSJ, 8/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 17, Saboteurs blew a hole in a giant Baghdad water main, forcing engineers to cut off water to the capital. Two ferocious blazes raged out of control along the pipeline that exports Iraq's oil to the north.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003         Aug 17, Mazen Dana (43), a Palestinian cameraman for Reuters, was shot dead by US troops in Iraq while he filmed outside Abu Ghraib prison in western Baghdad. Soldiers mistook his camera for a rocket-propelled grenade launcher. The official judgment of the US Military, given five weeks later, was that The Rules of Engagement required no warning and the tank crew were justified in shooting Mazen Dana, seeing his TV camera as a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, or RPG. No disciplinary action was taken against any US serviceman. Mazen was the 18th foreign journalist to be killed in Iraq since the occupation by the U.S. Military on March 20, 2003 and the second Reuters cameraman to be killed.
    (Reuters, 8/18/03)(http://www.truthout.org/docs_2005/030605A.shtml)(http://tinyurl.com/lxu5b)

2003        Aug 17, Indonesian investigators reported the arrest of 9 people in the Aug. 5 attack on the Marriott Hotel in Jakarta that killed 12 people and wounded nearly 150.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003        Aug 17, Nepals government forces detained and then shot dead 21 suspected Maoists in the village of Doramba. In 2005 the major responsible was cashiered and sentenced to 2 years in prison.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.23)(http://hrw.org/reports/2005/nepal0205/2.htm)

2003        Aug 18, Suspected Taliban insurgents killed at least nine policemen in an ambush in Logar province's Kharwar village, about 55 miles south of Kabul.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 18, A 24-year-old woman from China tipped over 303,621 dominos, breaking a long-standing record for the world's longest solo domino topple.
    (AP, 8/18/03)
2003        Aug 18, In Shanxi province, China, there was a gas explosion in a coal mine where 27 miners were working. At least 25 were killed.
    (AP, 8/20/03)
2003        Aug 18, Lucien Abenhaim, a senior French health official resigned after the health minister admitted that up to 5,000 people, many of them elderly and alone, might have died in the recent heat wave.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 18, All of Georgia was without power for the entire day, and officials in the impoverished former Soviet republic were struggling to determine the cause of the blackout.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 18, Israel delayed plans to hand over Jericho and Qalqiliya, two West Bank towns to Palestinian control.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 18, In Accra, Ghana, Liberia's government and rebels signed a peace accord to end 14 years of vicious war with plans for elections in 2 years.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 18, A six-month ordeal for 14 European tourists kidnapped by Islamic extremists while on desert safaris in Algeria has ended with their release to officials in neighboring Mali.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 18, In Venezuela 9 workers died as 8 tried to rescue a comrade who was felled by toxic industrial gases at an animal feed plant outside Caracas.
    (WSJ, 8/19/03, p.A1) 

2003        Aug 19, An Ohio auto-parts worker shot a woman to death and wounded 2 other employees in Andover.
    (WSJ, 8/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 19, Afghanistan celebrated its Independence Day. An explosion ripped through the home of the brother of President Hamid Karzai.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 19, In northeastern Brazil federal police and government inspectors freed about 800 slave workers from two farms in Bahia state. Another 200 were freed a week later. The Brazilian government estimated that some 25,000 people work in slavery conditions in Brazil, most of them in remote Amazon areas.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 19, Royal Bank of Canada said it would get $195 million plus interest from Enron Corp. and others in a settlement agreement related to the sale of 11.5 million common shares of EOG Resources.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 19, Fighting persisted in Chechnya, with six Russian servicemen killed and 11 others wounded.
    (AP, 8/20/03)
2003        Aug 19, It was reported that France had provided Alstom SA a $3.9 billion lifeline to save it from bankruptcy. The bailout was made against EU rules.
    (WSJ, 8/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 19, Carlos Roberto Reina (77), a former political prisoner who rose to Honduras' presidency (1993), died at his home in Tegucigalpa. After his presidential term, he was a judge of the Interamerican Court of Human Rights and an ambassador to France.
    (AP, 8/20/03)
2003        Aug 19, In Baghdad a car bomb exploded in front of the hotel housing the UN headquarters, collapsing the front of the building. UN Special Representative Sergio Vieira de Mello (55) of Brazil and 22 other people were killed. UNICEF said that its program co-coordinator for Iraq, Canadian Christopher Klein-Beekman, was among the dead. In 2008 Samantha Power authored Chasing the Flame: Sergio Vieira de Mello and the Fight to Save the World. In 2010 a court sentenced two Iraqis to life in jail for taking part in the bombing and the kidnap of two French journalists a year later.
    (SFC, 8/20/03, p.A12)(AP, 8/21/03)(SSFC, 2/10/08, p.M1)(AFP, 9/22/10)
2003        Aug 19, Taha Yassin Ramadan, a former Iraqi vice president known as "Saddam's knuckles" for his ruthlessness and No. 20 on the US list of most-wanted Iraqis, was turned over to US forces in Mosul. Ramadan was tried and convicted in November 2006 of murder, forced deportation and torture, and sentenced to life in prison. The court agreed to turn it to a death sentence in March 2007. Ramadan was hanged before dawn on Tuesday, March 20, 2007, for his role in the killing of 148 Shia Iraqis in Dujail.
    (AP, 8/19/03)(SFC, 8/20/03, p.A13)(www.iraqupdates.com/p_articles.php/article/15720)
2003        Aug 19, A Hamas bus bombing in Jerusalem killed 22 people, including as many as six children.
    (AP, 8/20/03)(AP, 8/19/04)
2003        Aug 19, It was reported that women in Kenya had begun rebelling against a traditional "cleansing" ritual whereby new widows were required to sleep with a designated "cleanser" in order to be inherited by male relatives and freed of haunting spirits.
    (SFC, 8/19/03, p.A10)
2003        Aug 19, Morocco sentenced four men to death and 83 others to prison in a trial centered on deadly terror attacks that raised fears Islamic extremism is spreading.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 19, South African police and the FBI arrested Craig Michael Pritchert, 41, and Nova Ester Guthrie, 28, in Capetown. The couple are suspected of armed robberies in Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Texas, and Oregon between 1993 and 1996.
    (AP, 8/21/03)

2003        Aug 20, The US won the women's overall team gold medal at the World Gymnastics Championships in Anaheim, Calif.; Romania took the silver medal and Australia, the bronze.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2003        Aug 20, In Australia Pauline Hanson, the right-wing firebrand known for her anti-immigration rhetoric, was sentenced to three years in jail for fraudulently setting up her One Nation political party and illegally using electoral funds.
    (AP, 8/20/03)
2003        Aug 20, In Chechnya fighting left 8 Russian soldiers and 12 rebels dead.
    (SFC, 8/22/03, p.A9)
2003        Aug 20, In the Dominican Republic police clashed with rioters who were protesting rising prices and electrical blackouts, leaving one man dead and a dozen arrested.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 20, The G-20 (G20) was formed with Brazil as one of its leading member nations. The group emerged at the 5th Ministerial WTO conference, held in Cancun, Mexico from 10 September to 14 September 2003. The other members are Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, China, Cuba, Egypt, the Philippines, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, South Africa, Thailand, Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela and Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G20_developing_nations)
2003        Aug 20, Authorities in the Russian Far East lost contact with a helicopter carrying a regional governor and 16 other people over the volcanoes of the Kamchatka peninsula.
    (AP, 8/20/03)
2003        Aug 20, Opposition leaders turned in 2.7 million signatures to demand a referendum on ending Hugo Chavez's tumultuous four-year presidency in Venezuela.
    (AP, 8/20/03)

2003        Aug 21, Alabama's top judge, Chief Justice Roy Moore, refused to back down in his fight to keep a Ten Commandments monument and lashed out at his colleagues who ordered it removed from the rotunda of the state judicial building.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2003        Aug 21, Paul Hamm put together a near-perfect routine on the high bar to become the first American man to win the all-around gold medal at the World Gymnastics Championship.
    (AP, 8/21/08)
2003        Aug 21, Coca Cola signed basketball prodigy LeBron Jones (18) to a 6-year deal to pitch Sprite.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)
2003        Aug 21, Argentina's Senate voted overwhelmingly to scrap a pair of amnesty laws dating to the 1980s that had ended trials for human rights abuses committed during the country's military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, The US military reported that Ali Hassan al-Majid, No. 5 on the list of most-wanted Iraqis, had been captured. [see Apr 5]
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, In Ecuador some 1000 Indians and union workers marched through Quito, protesting the economic policies of President Lucio Gutierrez.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, France raised the death toll from the recent heat wave to as many as 10,000.
    (SFC, 8/22/03, p.A9)
2003        Aug 21, Israel killed Ismail Abu Shanab, a senior Hamas political leader, in a missile strike, retaliating for a suicide bombing of a bus in which 20 people died including six children.  Abu Shanab was widely regarded as a moderate in the group, and served as a liaison with Abbas during the prime minister's efforts to persuade Hamas to halt attacks. Palestinian militants abandoned a two-month-old truce after Israel killed the Hamas leader.
    (AP, 8/21/03)(AP, 8/21/08)
2003        Aug 21, Liberia's rebels and government chose Gyude Bryant, a gentle-mannered businessman, to lead a transition administration.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, Vladimir Gusinsky, former Russian media mogul who clashed with the Kremlin and fled under fraud accusations three years ago, was arrested at the Athens airport.  Russia initially sought Gusinsky on charges of misrepresenting the assets of his company Media-Most to obtain a $262 million loan from the government-controlled gas giant Gazprom. It later added allegations of money laundering.
    (AP, 8/24/03)

2003        Aug 22,  Roy Moore, Alabama's chief justice, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from his courthouse.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, In southern California members of the Earth Liberation Front struck 4 car dealerships. Damage at a Chevrolet dealership in West Covina was over $1 million.
    (SFC, 8/23/03, p.A2)
2003        Aug 22, Texas Gov. Rick Perry pardoned 35 people arrested in the 1999 Tulia drug busts and convicted on the testimony of a lone undercover agent later charged with perjury. The agent, Tom Coleman, was later found guilty of aggravated perjury and sentenced to 10 years probation. He's been appealing his conviction.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2003        Aug 22, In central Afghanistan government forces fought hundreds of suspected Taliban insurgents, killing four guerrillas and arresting 13. At least four government soldiers died.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2003        Aug 22, In Brazil a $6 million rocket exploded on its launch pad while undergoing final pre-launch tests, killing 21 people. The VLS-1 rocket which was undergoing tests at the Alcantara Launch Center.
    (AP, 8/25/03)
2003        Aug 22, In Canada a wildfire has forced up to 10,000 people from their homes in Kelowna, British Columbia.
    (Reuters, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, In northern China a bus swerving to avoid an oil truck ran off a highway and plunged into a ravine, killing 27 people.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2003        Aug 22, Suspected FARC rebels killed Carlos Benavidez (25), a journalist and wounded another, after the vehicle in which the reporters were traveling failed to stop at a roadblock in southern Colombia.
    (AP, 8/24/03)
2003        Aug 22, France announced a $525 million aid package for farmers whose animals died by the millions and whose crops withered in a heat wave estimated to have killed 10,000 people.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian militant and wounded two others in a shootout Friday at a West Bank hospital.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, In Nigeria 5 days of street battles in Warri left as many as 100 dead.
    (SFC, 8/23/03, p.A16)
2003        Aug 22, Oslo, Norway, was ranked the world's most expensive city by Swiss banking giant UBS. It was followed by New York, Zurich, Switzerland; Copenhagen, Denmark; London; Basel, Switzerland; Chicago; and Geneva.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, Turkish troops clashed with Kurdish rebels in Batman province. 7 Kurds and 2 Turkish soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 8/23/03, p.A3)

2003        Aug 23, Former priest John Geoghan (67), a convicted child molester, died after being attacked by Joseph L. Druce (37), a fellow inmate, at the Souza-Baranowski state prison in Shirley, Mass. Druce was convicted of murder in 2006.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A1)(SFC, 1/26/06, p.A3)
2003        Aug 23, Marion Hargrove (83), American writer, died in Long Beach, Calif. She was noted for the bestselling World War II comedy novel See Here, Private Hargrove, which was made into a 1944 movie with Robert Walker as Hargrove and Donna Reed as his love interest.
    (AP, 8/30/04)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marion_Hargrove)
2003        Aug 23, Taliban fighters ambushed a truck full of government soldiers in the southern province of Zabul. Gov. Hafizullah Khan said five soldiers and three Taliban were killed.
    (AP, 8/24/03)
2003        Aug 23, In Iraq a guerrilla attack killed 3 British soldiers and seriously wounded one in the southern port city of Basra.
    (AP, 8/23/03)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A6)
2003        Aug 23, Michael Kijana Wamalwa (58), Kenya's 8th Vice President, died of an undisclosed illness after several months of treatment in a hospital near London.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2003        Aug 23, Emergency officials discovered the wreckage of a helicopter that crashed Aug 20 in the Russian Far East. All 20 people aboard were killed. Among the dead were Igor Farkhutdinov, governor of the oil-rich Sakhalin region, and top regional officials and business leaders.
    (AP, 8/23/03)

2003        Aug 24, The US Justice Department reported the crime rate in 2002 was the lowest since studies began in 1973.
    (AP, 8/24/04)
2003        Aug 24, Japans Musashi-Fuchu routed East Boynton Beach, Fla., 10-1 to win the Little League World Series.
    (AP, 8/24/08)
2003        Aug 24, It was reported in Nature that a chemical in red wine called resveratrol was able to increase the life a Saccharomyces yeast cell by 80%. A beneficial effect on humans was implied.
    (NW, 9/1/03, p.9)
2003        Aug 24, In Oregon 8 firefighters died as their van hit a tractor-trailer while returning from fighting a wildfire in Idaho.
    (WSJ, 8/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 24, John J. Rhodes Jr. (86), former U.S. House Minority Leader, died in Mesa, Ariz.
    (AP, 8/24/04)
2003        Aug 24, Sir Wilfred Thesiger (93), British writer, explorer and chronicler of the world's vanishing ways of life, died. Thesiger's most famous books were "Arabian Sands," about his travels with the Bedu people across the Empty Quarter of southern Arabia in the 1940s, and "The Marsh Arabs," the story of the Shiite marsh dwellers of southern Iraq. In 2006 Alexander Maitland authored Wilfred Thesiger: The Life of the Great Explorer.
    (AP, 8/26/03)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.79)
2003        Aug 24, Public power went out in Kabul, Afghanistan, due to lack of water in the local reservoirs. Return of power was not expected until Dec.
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.30)
2003        Aug 24, In central Colombia a rebel bomb exploded as passengers were disembarking from a boat, killing six people, including the woman carrying the device.
    (AP, 8/24/03)
2003        Aug 24, A 150-strong US Marine force ended an 11-day deployment and headed back to warships off the coast of Monrovia, Liberia.
    (AP, 8/24/03)
2003        Aug 24, A twin-engine turboprop Let L-410 crashed in Haiti and 21 people were killed.
    (AP, 8/26/03)
2003        Aug 24,  Hurricane Ignacio sideswiped the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula.
    (AP, 8/24/08)
2003        Aug 24, Palestinian militants carried out their deepest rocket strike against Israel. A Qassam-2 rocket, a makeshift weapon produced by the militant Islamic group Hamas, landed near a lifeguard station on Zikim beach with no damages or casualties. Israeli missile fire killed 4 Palestinian militants in Gaza City.
    (Reuters, 8/24/03)(SFC, 8/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 24, In northern Turkey a bus in a wedding convoy veered off the road and slammed into a retaining wall, killing 19 people and injuring several others.
    (AP, 8/24/03)

2003        Aug 25, NASA launched the largest-diameter infrared telescope ever in space. NASA showed the 1st images from the $670 million Spitzer Space Telescope on Dec 18.
    (WSJ, 8/26/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A2)
2003        Aug 25, In southeastern Afghanistan US jets hit a Taliban hideout and at least 14 insurgents were killed.
    (SFC, 8/26/03, p.A7)
2003        Aug 25, Brazil's Pres. Lula da Silva and Peru's Pres. Toledo signed a free-trade agreement between Peru and Mercosur. Peru planned to join as an associate member.
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.25)
2003        Aug 25, Canada's Premier Chretien signed an agreement in the Northwest Territories bestowing self-government and mineral wealth on the 4,000 Dogrib Indians (Tlicho First Nation).
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.26)
2003        Aug 25, In India consecutive bombs exploded in a crowded jewelry market and a historical landmark in Bombay, killed 53 people, wounding 150 others. The Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) was believed responsible. Ashrat Shafiq Mohammed Ansari, Syed Mohammed Haneef Abdul Rahim and his wife Fahmeeda Syed Mohammed Haneef were arrested under India's tough anti-terrorism law shortly after the attacks. All 3 were convicted and sentenced to death in 2009 after Judge M.R. Puranic said they were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, a banned, Pakistan-based militant group formed in the 1980s.
    (WSJ, 8/27/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.39)(AP, 8/25/08)(AP, 7/27/09)(AP, 8/6/09)
2003        Aug 25, In Ivory Coast 2 French soldiers, part of a peacekeeping force, were killed.
    (AP, 8/26/03)
2003        Aug 25, In southern Russia a series of bomb explosions near two cafes and a bus stop in Krasnodar, about 750 miles south of Moscow, killed at least three people and wounding ten others.
    (AP, 8/25/03)
2003        Aug 25, In Rwanda voters lined up before dawn to vote in the country's first real presidential election. Incumbent President Paul Kagame scored an overwhelming election win.
    (AP, 8/26/03)

2003        Aug 26, In the face of criticism, President Bush defended his handling of the war and reconstruction of Iraq, telling an American Legion conference in St. Louis the fight was essential to the U.S. campaign against terrorism.
    (AP, 8/26/04)
2003        Aug 26, Investigators concluded that NASA's overconfident management and inattention to safety doomed the space shuttle Columbia as much as did damage to the craft.
    (AP, 8/26/04)
2003        Aug 26, The CBO forecast a US deficit of $401 billion this year and $480 billion in 2004.
    (WSJ, 8/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 26, The toll of U.S. troops killed in postwar Iraq surpassed the number killed in major combat, reaching 139.
    (AP, 8/26/03)
2003        Aug 26, In northern Iraq the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Iraqi Turkmen Front signed an agreement in Kirkuk aimed at preventing ethnic violence after clashes left 11 people dead last week.
    (AP, 8/28/03)
2003        Aug 26, A hidden cache of fireworks exploded in a town in China's southeast, killing at least 20 people in the 2nd such disaster to strike the same county in one month.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 26, Two Russian military helicopters collided over an airfield in Russia's Far East, killing five people and injuring one.
    (AP, 8/26/03)

2003        Aug 27, The Bush administration relaxed clean air rules to allow industrial plants to make upgrades without installing pollution controls.
    (SFC, 8/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 27, A moving crew rolled a massive Ten Commandments monument out of the rotunda of the Alabama Judicial Building to comply with a federal court order as protesters knelt, prayed and chanted, "Put it back!"
    (AP, 8/27/04)
2003        Aug 27, Oklahoma charged Bernie Ebbers (62), ex-CEO of WorldCom, and 6 other former executives with 15 felony violations of state's securities laws. The charges against Ebbers  were dropped when the Federal government filed on March 2, 2004 security fraud and conspiracy charges. Ebbers was found guilty of all charges on March 15, 2005. He was sentenced to 25 years in a federal prison in Louisiana, the toughest sentence yet among other recent corporate accounting scandals.
    (SFC, 8/28/03, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Ebbers#Criminal_charges)
2003        Aug 27, In Chicago Salvador Tapia (36) shot and killed 6 people inside Windy City Core Supply Inc. autoparts warehouse. He opened fire on police and was killed. Tapia had been fired from the auto parts warehouse six months earlier.
    (AP, 8/28/04)
2003        Aug 27, American and Afghan forces killed about a dozen insurgents and recaptured a mountain pass in southeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said that Germany was committed to deploying troops to northern Afghanistan to support reconstruction efforts.
    (AP, 8/28/03)
2003        Aug 27, In Nasik, India, thousands of Hindu pilgrims jostling to reach a river for a religious festival toppled a bamboo fence, sparking a stampede that killed at least 39 people, mostly women. At least 125 people were injured.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, In Iraq 2 more US soldiers were killed in combat, and the international relief agency Oxfam said it pulled its foreign staff out of Iraq because of the increasing danger.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Nepal's rebels announced that they were ending a seven-month cease-fire and withdrawing from peace talks with the government aimed at closing seven years of insurgency.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, The US and North Korea held direct talks for the first time in months, meeting for a half-hour on the sidelines of a six-nation summit in Beijing designed to resolve the standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Senegal announced its 5th government in three years under President Abdoulaye Wade, in a Cabinet overhaul that followed criticism of Wade's administration and its handling of recent flooding.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Serbia declared Kosovo part of its territory.
    (WSJ, 8/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 27, Mars came within 34,646,437 miles of Earth, its closest in the past 60 millennia.
    (SFC, 8/27/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 28, The US Library of Congress said it would name Louise Gluck as the nation's poet laureate. Her 9 books included "The Wild Iris" (1992).
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 28, A US Defense Department survey found that nearly one in five female Air Force Academy cadets said they had been sexually assaulted during their time at the academy.
    (AP, 8/28/04)
2003        Aug 28, Two small pipe bombs exploded at Chiron Corp., Emeryville, Ca. Animal rights activists were suspected.
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 28, In Erie, Pa., Brian Douglas Wells (46), pizza delivery man, was killed when a bomb strapped to his chest exploded while under police custody. Wells claimed a customer had strapped on the bomb and ordered him to rob a bank. In 2007 a grand jury indicted 2 people in connection with the crime. Marjorie Diehl-Armstrong (59), described as the ringleader, pleaded guilty but mentally ill for killing her boyfriend to keep him silent about the robbery. Diehl-Armstrong was trying to raise money to hire Kenneth Barnes to kill her father due to an inheritance dispute. In 2008 Kenneth Barnes (54) pleaded guilty to conspiracy. In 2010 Diehl-Armstrong was convicted for her role in the robbery. In 2011 she was sentenced to life plus 30 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 8/31/03, p.A8)(AP, 7/11/07)(SFC, 9/4/08, p.A7)(SFC, 11/2/10, p.A5)(SFC, 3/1/11, p.A4)
2003        Aug 28, British Prime Minister Tony Blair denied that the government had "sexed up" a dossier on Iraq's weapons threat, and said he would have resigned if it had been true.
    (AP, 8/28/04)
2003        Aug 28, The WWF reported that the hippos of Congo's Virunga national Park have been nearly wiped out by poachers and civil war.
    (WSJ, 8/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 28, Akhmad Kadyrov, the Kremlin-appointed head of Chechnya, said death squads associated with security forces were seeking to prolong the conflict through abductions and terror.
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.A8)
2003        Aug 28, A 40-minute blackout in London, England, stranded hundreds of thousands of commuters.
    (AP, 8/29/03)(WSJ, 8/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 28, A North Korean envoy at 6-nation talks said his nation intends to declare that it has atomic arms and to test one as proof.
    (WSJ, 8/29/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 29, Rep. Bill Janklow, R-S.D., was charged with felony manslaughter in a car accident that claimed the life of motorcyclist Randolph E. Scott. Janklow was later convicted and served 100 days in jail.
    (AP, 8/29/04)
2003         Aug 29, Jeffrey Lee Parson (18), suspected of writing a variant of the "Blaster," a virus-like computer worm, was arrested in his hometown, the Minneapolis suburb of Hopkins. He was charged with one count of intentionally causing or attempting to cause damage to a computer and faced a maximum of 10 years in prison and a $250,000 fine if convicted. Parson pleaded guilty in August 2004 and was subsequently sentenced on January 28, 2005 to 18 months in prison followed by a three-year supervised release program, and was required to do 225 hours of community service. He was ordered to pay restitution of $497,546.55 to Microsoft Corporation and $1,056 to specific individuals to have their computer hard drives cleaned.
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/30/03, p.A2)(http://www.rbs2.com/parson2.html)
2003        Aug 29, Six nations trying to defuse a standoff over North Korea's nuclear program ended their talks in Beijing with an agreement to keep talking.
    (AP, 8/29/04)
2003        Aug 29, France raised the death toll from the August heat wave to as many as 11,435.
    (SFC, 8/30/03, p.A7)
2003        Aug 29, The board of Air France approved a deal to combine with Dutch KLM under a holding company to form the world's #3 airline.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Aug 29, In Haiti's west-coast city of St. Marc torrential rains burst river banks, left at least 24 people dead and destroyed dozens of flimsy riverside shacks.
    (AP, 9/2/03)(AP, 9/11/03)
2003        Aug 29, In Najaf, Iraq, a massive car bomb exploded at the Imam Ali mosque during prayers, killing Mohammed Bakir al-Hakim, one of Iraq's most important Shiite clerics, and at least 85 other people. Two Iraqis and two Saudis were caught soon after. Attackers fired rocket-propelled grenades at two U.S. convoys in separate ambushes, killing one American soldier and wounding six.
    (SFC, 9/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/29/08)
2003        Aug 29, A Jewish settler was killed and his pregnant wife wounded in a Palestinian shooting attack. In Jenin Palestinian gunmen fired on Israeli soldiers manning a lookout in a four-story office building. The violence came just hours after an Israeli helicopter in southern Gaza fired missiles to kill a Hamas fugitive as he drove a donkey cart.
    (AP, 8/29/03)
2003        Aug 29, Excel Motors, a fledgling Jamaican automaker, exported the Caribbean island's first locally manufactured car to the Bahamas. The two-door Island Cruiser, one of 22 built this year at the company's plant in western Jamaica, sold for $11,500.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 29, In central Mexico a truck carrying sulfuric acid collided head-on with a sport-utility vehicle on a mountain road, killing five people and forcing dozens of people to hospitals after they inhaled the fumes.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 29, In Nigeria crude oil spilling from a ruptured Shell Oil pipeline burst into flames near a southeastern village, scorching yam fields and spreading thick, black smoke for miles. More than one-tenth of Nigeria's exports are stolen daily by criminal rings who siphon the fuel from pipelines using everything from buckets to sophisticated pumps.
    (AP, 9/2/03)

2003        Aug 30, Harley-Davidson celebrated its 100th anniversary in Milwaukee with a parade of 10,000 motorcycles. Some 250,000 bikers packed the roads around Milwaukee for a 3-day celebration.
    (AP, 9/1/03)
2003        Aug 30, A flashflood swept cars off the Kansas Turnpike in Emporia and at least 4 children were killed with 2 missing.
    (WSJ, 9/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 30, In Gerlach, Nevada, a woman riding an "art car" at the counterculture Burning Man festival died when she accidentally fell under the vehicle's wheels. The weeklong festival, theme name "Beyond Belief," peaked Saturday night with the torching of a 70-foot-high wooden effigy of a man.
    (AP, 8/31/03)(SFC, 9/1/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 30, Robert Abplanalp (81), inventor and confidant of President Nixon, died in Bronxville, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2003        Aug 30, Charles Bronson (b.1921), coal miner turned tough-guy actor and star of more than 60 films including the "Death Wish" series, died of pneumonia.
    (AP, 9/1/03)(SFC, 9/1/03, p.A2)
2003        Aug 30, In Botswana a former bank manager, draped in a ceremonial leopard skin, was installed as the first female paramount chief. Mosadi Seboko took over as the highest-ranking chief of the Balete people.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, An Israeli helicopter gunship fired several missiles at a Palestinian car driving through a refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, killing two Hamas militants.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, In India 2 suspected Islamic militants were killed in a battle with New Delhi police. Indian police claimed to have killed Ghazi Baba, the head of the Jaish-e-Mohammed militant group, during a fierce gun battle in Srinagar. Baba was said to be the mastermind behind several terror attacks including the December 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, In northern India a bus carrying 40 passengers plunged into a river in a remote hilly area. There was no immediate word on casualties.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, A Russian nuclear-powered submarine, K-159, sank in the Barents Sea as it was being towed to a scrapyard, killing 9 of the 10 sailors on board.
    (AP, 8/31/03)
2003        Aug 30, The World Trade Organization agreed to let impoverished nations import cheaper copies of patented medicines needed to fight killer diseases.
    (AP, 8/30/04)

2003        Aug 31, In Gerlach, Nevada, the "Temple of Honor" by David Best went up in flames. Some 30,500 people attended the weeklong "Burning Man" event.
    (SFC, 9/1/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 31, The burned body of Katie Sepich (22) was found at an old dump in Las Cruces, NM. She had been raped and strangled earlier that same day. In 2006 DNA evidence identified Gabriel Adrian Avila, already in prison for burglary and assault, as her killer.
    (SFC, 2/28/07, p.B5)(http://tinyurl.com/yvb63k)
2003        Aug 31, In Afghanistan 2 US soldiers were killed in Paktika province.
    (SFC, 9/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 31, It was reported that Congo tribal fighters killed at least 200 people over the last month and abducted scores more during a series of attacks that destroyed, Fataki, a northeast town once controlled by a rival tribe.
    (AP, 8/31/03)
2003        Aug 31, Vowing revenge and beating their chests, more than 300,000 Shiites marched behind the rose-strewn coffin of a beloved cleric, Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim, who had been assassinated in a car bombing in Najaf, Iraq.
    (AP, 8/31/04)
2003        Aug 31, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi said a second agreement over compensation has been reached between his country and the families of 170 victims of a French airliner that exploded in 1989.
    (AP, 9/1/03)
2003        Aug 31, At least 675,000 people in Malawi urgently need food aid despite the country's good harvest, the UN World Food Program reported.
    (AP, 8/31/03)
2003        Aug 31, In Taiwan a fire engulfed an apartment building on the outskirts of Taipei before dawn, killing at least 13 people and injuring dozens.
    (AP, 8/31/03)

2003        Aug, Toyota sold more cars in America than did Chrysler.
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.82)
2003        Aug, Skype released the 1st version of its software which allowed people to make free voice and video calls over the internet. Niklas Zennstrom (b.1966) of Sweden and Janus Friis (b.1976) of Denmark co-founded Skype, an internet telephony company shortly after moving to London. The Skype software was developed by Estonians Ahti Heinla, Priit Kasesalu and Jaan Tallinn, who were also behind the peer-to-peer file sharing software Kazaa.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.79)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skype)
2003        Aug, British regulators disconnected the 47-year-old 192 directory assistance number in a bid to increase competition. Some 57 six-digit phone numbers for national assistance followed with complex charges and numerous errors.
    (WSJ, 10/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug, British Petroleum bought half of Russias Tyumen Oil Co. for $6.75 billion. TNK-BP was originally formed from the assets of TNK (Tyumen Oil Co), Onako, Sidanco and the majority of BPs Russian assets. TNK-BP became equally owned by BP and AAR, a consortium controlled by 3 billionaires.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, Survey p.11)(http://tinyurl.com/4lfczjv)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.67)
2003        Aug, Researchers from Indias nongovernment Center for Science and Environment said Coke and Pepsi products contain high levels of pesticide residue. A high court in Kerala, India, soon ordered Coca Cola to shut down a $25 million plant due to local complaints of excess water use. Villagers also complained that waste from the plant had contaminated drinking water. Activists left alone a nearby Indian brewery.
    (SSFC, 3/6/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/12/06, p.A6)
2003        Aug, Honduras passed an anti-gang law. Gang leaders faced 9-12 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 9/28/03, p.A8)
2003        Aug, Odhiambo Mbai, Kenya political scientist, was assassinated. He was a key man in efforts to redraft the constitution.
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.50)
2003        Aug, In Switzerland Sheikh Falah bin Zayed bin Sultan al-Nahyan, the brother of the president of the United Arab Emirates, hit an Italian-American, Silvano Orsi, with the buckle of his belt in a hotel. in a trial in June, 2008, he was ordered to pay 540,000 Swiss francs (337,000 euros, 532,000 dollars) by the court, suspended for three years. The sheikh was also sentenced to pay legal costs of nearly 3,000 Swiss francs. In 2009 he was acquitted on appeal against the imposed fines.
    (AFP, 3/28/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falah_bin_Zayed_bin_Sultan_Al_Nahyan)
2003        Aug, Vietnam took possession of the 1st of 4 new Boeing 777-200 ER jetliners purchased in part with a loan from the Export-Import Bank of the US.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.I6)

2003        Sep 1, During a Labor Day trip to Richfield, Ohio, President Bush announced he was creating a high-level government post to nurture the manufacturing sector.
    (AP, 9/1/04)
2003        Sep 1, Actor Rand Brooks (84), who played Scarlett O'Hara's first husband in "Gone With the Wind," died in Santa Ynez, Calif.
    (AP, 9/1/04)
2003        Sep 1, Suspected Taliban fighters attacked a government checkpoint and ambushed another group of Afghan soldiers along the main road linking the south with the capital, killing at least eight soldiers over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 9/1/03)
2003        Sep 1, State media reported that China will cut an additional 200,000 soldiers as part of efforts to modernize its armed forces.
    (AP, 9/1/03)
2003        Sep 1, The U.S.-picked Iraqi Governing Council named a new Cabinet.
    (AP, 9/1/04)
2003        Sep 1, Arab TV broadcast an audiotape purportedly from Saddam Hussein denying any involvement in a bombing in Najaf, Iraq, that killed a beloved Shiite cleric.
    (AP, 9/1/04)
2003        Sep 1, Israeli helicopters fired four missiles at a car carrying Hamas militants, killing at least one of them and wounding 26 on a crowded Gaza City.
    (AP, 9/1/03)
2003        Sep 1, A rebel group trying to win independence for the Western Sahara has released 243 Moroccan prisoners, some of whom have been held for nearly three decades. It was the first prisoner release since the UN Security Council voted in July to urge Morocco and the Polisario to accept a new plan to settle the long-running dispute over the Western Sahara.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 1, Marijuana went on sale Monday at Dutch pharmacies to help bring relief to thousands of patients suffering from cancer, AIDS or multiple sclerosis.
    (AP, 9/1/03)

2003        Sep 2, A federal appeals court in San Francisco threw out more than 100 death sentences in Arizona, Montana and Idaho because the inmates had been sent to death row by judges instead of juries.
    (AP, 9/2/04)
2003        Sep 2, A car slid off a boat ramp into Clinton Lake, Ill., and sank under the water. Two people allegedly made it out of the car before it sank. They were Amanda Hamm (27) and her boyfriend Maurice Lagrone Jr. (28). Three children were trapped in the car: Christopher Hamm (6), Austin Brown (3), and Kyleigh Hamm, age 23 months. Hamm and Lagrone were later charged with murder. In 2007 Amanda Hamm was sentenced to 10 years in prison. Lagrone was convicted earlier of 1st degree murder and sentenced to life.
    (SFC, 2/2/07, p.A3)(www.bellaonline.com/articles/art24538.asp)
2003        Sep 2, Typhoon Dujuan slammed into the southern Chinese coastal city of Shenzhen, killing at least 20 people and causing extensive damage to parts of the country's showcase economic development zone.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 2, The official Xinhua News Agency reported that heavy flooding in northern China had killed 38 people with another 34 people missing since Aug 24.
    (AP, 9/2/03)
2003        Sep 2, In China's Inner Mongolia a locust plague, Oedaleus decorus asiaticus, was reported to have affected some 47 million acres of grasslands.
    (WSJ, 9/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 2, Two South China tigers, the first ever to leave the country, arrived in South Africa as part of a project to save the endangered species.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 2, Ptolemy Alexander Reid (85), former Guyanese Prime Minister, died after suffering a stroke. Reid was named prime minister under President Forbes Burnham, and held the post from 1980 to 1984.
    (AP, 9/5/03)
2003        Sep 2, In eastern India an overcrowded boat capsized in the swollen Kosi River of Bihar state, and at least 25 people were missing and feared drowned.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 2, In Indonesia a court in Jakarta convicted radical Muslim cleric Abu Bakar Bashir of inciting others to overthrow the government. He was sentenced to four years in prison for sedition. The court threw out charges that he belonged to al-Qaida's main Asian ally. His conviction was later overturned after he'd spent more than two years behind bars.
    (AP, 9/2/03)(AP, 9/2/08)
2003        Sep 2, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah met Russia's Pres. Putin on the first visit to post-Soviet Russia by a Saudi leader, aimed at coordinating oil exports and soothing Russian concerns about alleged funding of Chechen rebels by Saudi charities.
    (AP, 9/2/03)
2003        Sep 2, In northeastern Uganda rebels shot or clubbed to death 25 people on a bus and then set the vehicle ablaze.
    (AP, 9/2/03)

2003        Sep 3, President Bush signed legislation to begin free trade with Singapore and Chile.
    (AP, 9/3/04)
2003        Sep 3, US federal authorities raided the Bay Area laboratory Co-Operative (BALCO) for suspected steroids. On Oct 16 Olympic drug-testing officials announced that they believed the lab was a source for the steroid tetrahydrogestrinone (THG).
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 3, NY Attorney General Eliot Spitzer charged hedge fund Canary Capital with illegal mutual fund trading. Other funds were also named.
    (WSJ, 10/29/03, p.C1)
2003        Sep 3, Paul Hill, a former minister who said he murdered an abortion doctor and his bodyguard to save the lives of unborn babies, was executed in Florida by injection, becoming the first person put to death in the United States for anti-abortion violence.
    (AP, 9/3/04)
2003        Sep 3, The Bank of Canada cut interest rates by 25 basis points to 2.75 percent on because of lower-than-expected inflation as well as sagging growth.
    (Reuters, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 3, In China Typhoon Dujuan killed at least 32 people.
    (WSJ, 9/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 3, North Korea's parliament re-elected Kim Jong Il as the isolated country's top leader and approved his government's decision to "keep and increase its nuclear deterrent force" to counter what it calls a hostile U.S. policy.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 3, In southern Russia at Pyatigorsk two bombs exploded under a student-filled commuter train, killing at least 4 people and wounding 44.
    (AP, 9/3/03)(SFC, 9/4/03, p.A6)

2003        Sep 4, Miguel Estrada, whose nomination became a flash point for Democratic opposition to President Bush's judicial choices, withdrew from consideration for an appeals court seat after Republicans failed in seven attempts to break a Senate filibuster.
    (AP, 9/4/04)
2003        Sep 4, The US House agreed to a 2.2 percent pay raise for Congress, enough to boost lawmakers' annual salaries to about $158,000 next year.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2003        Sep 4, Pres. Bush signed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) into law. It required the collection of data on sexual abuse in prison and the creation of a commission to recommend ways of prevention.
    (Econ, 8/6/05, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison_Rape_Elimination_Act_of_2003)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.32)
2003        Sep 4, Verizon Communications and two unions, the Communications Workers of America and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, reached a tentative, five-year contract agreement after four months of talks.
    (AP, 9/4/04)
2003        Sep 4, Researchers reported that the hormone YY3-36 appeared to curb the appetite of obese people.
    (SFC, 9/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 4, British and Colombian authorities said they had seized nearly $7 billion in securities from an international drug and money-laundering ring. Authorities arrested 14 alleged members of the ring, 10 in England, two in Colombia and two in Ecuador.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2003        Sep 4, Mario Monteforte Toledo, Guatemalan writer and activist, died. His work included the 1952 novel "En Donde Acaban los Caminos" (Where the Roads End).
    (SFC, 9/5/03, p.A23)

2003        Sep 5, A roller coaster derailed at Southern California's Disneyland theme park, killing one man and injuring 10 other people, including a 9-year-old.
    (Reuters, 9/5/03)
2003        Sep 5, Gisele MacKenzie (76), former TV star, died. She starred on "Your Hit Parade" from 1953-1957, after which she starred in NBC's "The Gisele MacKenzie Show."
    (SFC, 9/6/03, p.A16)
2003        Sep 5, Afghan forces in the southern province of Zabul captured five fugitive Taliban militants, including an insurgent leader, after a battle that killed scores of rebels. Coalition forces killed Mullah Abdul Razzaq Hafees, a Taliban commander, and 19 other militants in fighting in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/6/03)(AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Sep 5, Hurricane Fabian slammed into Bermuda killing 4 people. [see Sep 6]
    (AP, 9/5/08)
2003        Sep 5, Statistics Canada said the nation's unemployment rate rose to 8.0% in August, an 18-month high.
    (AP, 9/5/03)
2003        Sep 5, Costa Rica's Arenal Volcano spewed lava, rocks and ash in its strongest eruption in more than two years.
    (AP, 9/5/03)
2003        Sep 5, Wayan Limbak (106), a Balinese dancer who helped create the island's famous Monkey Dance, died. Working with German painter Walter Spies in the 1930s, Limbak adopted a traditional exorcism ritual to invent the dance, known in Indonesian as Kecak.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2003        Sep 5, Israeli commandos killed a Hamas bombmaker in a firefight and pulverized the West Bank apartment building in which he had been hiding.
    (AP, 9/5/04)
2003        Sep 5, European Union foreign ministers met in Riva del Garda, Italy, to discuss Iraq, the tattered Mideast peace plan and their bloc's draft constitution as some 500 anti-globalization protesters blocked main roads to an Italian Alps town.
    (AP, 9/6/03)

2003        Sep 6, Fabian, the most powerful hurricane to hit Bermuda in 50 years pushed away from the British territory after deadly winds split trees and swept trucks off roads. Four people were missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2003        Sep 6, In central Colombia soldiers killed at least 25 suspected rebels and paramilitary fighters in three military operations.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2003        Sep 6, The European Union said it will declare all wings of the militant Palestinian group Hamas a terrorist organization and freeze its assets after dozens of deadly attacks in Israel.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2003        Sep 6, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a bomb targeting an army convoy exploded in the main wholesale market for fruit, killing six people, including an army officer, and wounding 25.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2003        Sep 6, An Israeli missile strike on Gaza City lightly wounded Hamas founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin, the highest-ranking member of the militant group to be targeted by Israel in recent weeks.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2003        Sep 6, Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas, whose support was considered essential to any prospect of peace success, submitted his resignation.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2003        Sep 6, In Taiwan thousands of pro-independence activists marched in the capital, demanding that the island's official name be changed from the Republic of China to Taiwan.
    (AP, 9/6/03)

2003        Sep 7, President Bush spoke on national TV and said he would ask Congress for $87 billion to fight terrorism. He cautioned that the struggle "will take time and require sacrifice."
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, The top American commander in Afghanistan said Taliban fighters, paid and trained by al-Qaida, were pouring into Afghanistan from Pakistan.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, Goran Markovic's "The Cordon", a film from Serbia and Montenegro about the behavior of policemen during the demonstrations against president Slobodan Milosevic in 1997, won the top prize at the Montreal film festival.
    (Reuters, 9/7/03)
2003        Sep 7, The Russian drama "The Return" won the Venice Film Festival's Golden Lion for best picture. Vladimir Girin (15), star of the film, drowned shortly after the film was shot. Randa Chahal Sabbag, Lebanese filmmaker, won the Silver Lion prize for her film Le cerf-volant (The Kite), a love story between a Lebanese girl and an Israeli border guard.
    (SFC, 9/8/03, p.D5)(WPR, 3/04, p.45)
2003        Sep 7, Warren Zevon (56), songwriter, died in West Hollywood. His work included the 1970s rock hit "Werewolves of London."
    (AP, 9/8/03)(WSJ, 9/9/03, p.D6)
2003        Sep 7, Fighting in northeast Colombia killed seven army soldiers and at least eight rebels.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, A ferry boat traveling from Indonesia's Bali island sank, killing at least six people and leaving dozens missing.
    (AP, 9/7/03)
2003        Sep 7, Mamohato Bereng Seeiso (62), the queen mother of the tiny mountain kingdom of Lesotho, died after collapsing in a church outside the capital.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, Macedonian police clashed with ethnic Albanian militants in the volatile north, and reported killing several men in what they said was a major sweep against groups that threaten the Balkan country's fragile peace.
    (AP, 9/7/03)
2003        Sep 7, Palestinian Pres. Yasser Arafat tapped the parliament speaker, Ahmed Qureia, to take over as prime minister following the resignation of Mahmoud Abbas.
    (SFC, 9/8/03, p.A1)(AP, 9/7/08)

2003        Sep 8, The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), the music industry's largest trade group, filed 261 copyright lawsuits across the country against Internet users for trading songs online.
    (SFC, 9/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/08)
2003        Sep 8, In NYC Harvey Milk High School for gay, bisexual and transgender kids opened in Greenwich Village. It  was named after the San Francisco supervisor killed in 1978.
    (SFC, 9/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 8, NASA presented a "return to flight" plan for the shuttle fleet.
    (WSJ, 9/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 8, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels stopped a car carrying Afghans working for a Danish aid organization, tied them up, then shot four of them to death.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 8, In Ecuador spokesman Marcelo Cevallos said Pres. Lucio Gutierrez will set a national example and start showing up on time for meetings and appointments in an effort to combat a national lack of punctuality. Cevallos apologized to the audience for showing up late for the interview.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2003        Sep 8, Leni Riefenstahl (101), filmmaker, died in Bavaria. Her depiction of Hitler's Nuremberg rally, "Triumph of the Will," was renowned and despised as the best propaganda film ever made. In 2007 Steven Bach authored Leni: The Life and Work of Leni Riefenstahl and Jurgen Trimborn authored Leni Riefenstahl: A Life.
    (AP, 9/9/03)(SFC, 9/10/03, p.A19)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.82)
2003        Sep 8, Ariel Sharon flew to New Delhi for the first-ever visit to India by an Israeli prime minister, hoping to cement blossoming defense and trade ties.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, In eastern India suspected communist rebels detonated a land mine under a passing police vehicle, killing 12 officers.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, In Mali  authorities said torrential rains have killed scores and caused heavy property damage, warning of worse to come if the Niger River spills its banks.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, In central Nigeria 3 buses and a truck collided, killing more than 100 people in the impact and the fiery explosion that followed.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, Palestinian parliament speaker Ahmed Qureia said he will accept the prime minister's job only if Washington guarantees Israeli compliance with a US-backed peace plan, including a halt to military strikes.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, Singapore health officials confirmed that a local patient tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, the 1st new case of the disease in over 5 months.
    (AP, 9/8/03)(WSJ, 9/10/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 9, The Catholic archdiocese of Boston agreed to pay $85 million to settle claims by more than 550 people who said they were sexually abused by priests.
    (SFC, 9/10/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 9, The WSJ disclosed that Dick Grasso, Chairman of the NYSE, had a retirement package close to $140 million along with entitlements to an additional $48 million. His 2001 pay exceeded $30 million with a base pay of $1.4 million. Grasso soon decided to forego the $48 million undisclosed compensation. In 2007 Charles Gasparino authored King of the Club: Richard Grasso and the Survival of the New York Stock Exchange.
    (WSJ, 9/11/03, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/25/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 11/21/07, p.D10)
2003        Sep 9, Alabama voters rejected Amendment One by a margin of 2 to 1. The liberal tax measure was endorsed by Gov. Bob Riley and based on Judeo-Christian ethics.
    (SSFC, 12/12/04, p.A14)
2003        Sep 9, Edward Teller (95), Hungarian-born pioneer in molecular physics and dubbed the "father of the H-bomb" for his role in the early development of nuclear weapons, died.
    (SFC, 9/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 9, Argentina missed a $2.9 billion payment to the IMF.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.32)
2003        Sep 9, France's leading undertaker estimated the country's death toll from a summer heat wave at 15,000.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2003        Sep 9, Israeli troops killed three Palestinians, including a 12-year-old boy, in an arrest raid in the West Bank city of Hebron, as Israel signaled both reluctant acquiescence and disapproval of the Palestinians' candidate for prime minister. In Jerusalem twin suicide bombings, 5 hours apart, killed 16 Israelis. One suicide bomber chose a nightspot packed with young Israelis, the other a bus stop where soldiers were waiting for their ride homes.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2003        Sep 9, The European Union's high court ruled that Italy and other EU governments can temporarily ban genetically modified foods while they examine health risks, but must provide "detailed grounds," not general fears, to do so.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2003        Sep 9, In western Venezuelan two passenger buses crashed in separate highway accidents, killing 45 people and injuring dozens of others.
    (AP, 9/9/03)

2003        Sep 10, Ben Glisan, former Enron treasurer, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring to commit fraud and was sentenced to 5 years in federal prison.
    (WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 10,  The first video image of Osama bin Laden in nearly two years was broadcast on Al-Jazeera TV.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2003        Sep 10, Argentina refinanced $21 billion in debt including $12.3 billion with the IMF.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.32)
2003        Sep 10, A Bangladesh court convicted and sentenced five zookeepers to 14 years in prison for killing three tigers in 1996 and planning to sell their skins.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In northeast Colombia a bomb strapped to a horse exploded in a plaza in a small town, killing at least eight people, including a toddler, and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, Imam Samudra (33), the man accused of being the "intellectual mastermind" of last year's Oct 12 Bali nightclub bombings was sentenced to face a firing squad after being found guilty of the attack that killed 202 people.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In Irbil, Iraq, a suicide car bomber struck the US intelligence headquarters, killing three Iraqis, including a 12-year-old boy.
    (AP, 9/10/03)(WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 10, Israeli warplanes flattened the home of senior Hamas leader Mahmoud Zahar with a half-ton bomb, wounding him and killing his eldest son and a bodyguard, in retaliation for twin suicide bombings that killed 15 Israelis a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, Ivory Coast created a commission made up of members of the army and rebel movements to chart the course of disarmament and reunification after a 9-month civil war.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In Cancun, Mexico, the WTO began its fifth ministerial meeting, with trade ministers from every country expected to attend a five-day gathering to thrash out many problems surrounding the latest "round" of trade liberalization talks.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In Puebla, Mexico, a clandestine fireworks factory exploded, killing at least six people and injuring 12 others.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh was stabbed in the stomach and wrist at an exclusive department store in downtown Stockholm. She died the next day. In 2003 Mijailo Mijailovic, a 25-year-old Swede of Yugoslav origin, confessed to the murder. In 2004 Mijailovic was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 9/10/03)(AP, 9/11/03)(AP, 1/7/04)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A8)

2003        Sep 11, In Nogales, New Mexico, federal agents discovered a 985-foot tunnel to Mexico equipped to move drugs on railcars.
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 11, The Seattle Archdiocese agreed to pay $7.87 million to settle lawsuits brought by 15 men who said they were molested by the same priest.
    (SFC, 9/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 11, Actor John Ritter (b.1948), who gained fame playing bumbling and lovable characters in a pair of hit TV comedies decades apart, collapsed while he was on the set of his new series and died suddenly of a heart problem.
    (Reuters, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 11, In Britain Alesha Ahmed (15) watched her parents, Iftikhar and Farzana, suffocate her sister Shafilea (17) on to the sofa in their house in Warrington, Cheshire. She had been missing for a week before her teachers informed the police. In 2012 Alesh testified against her parents at their murder trial. The Pakistani couple allegedly felt that Shafilea was bringing shame on their family with her "Westernized" conduct. On Aug 3, 2012, a court found the Pakistani-born couple guilty of murdering their teenage daughter.
    (AFP, 5/24/12)(http://tinyurl.com/7vbhzek)(AFP, 8/3/12)
2003        Sep 11, In Canada 10 people were killed in two separate plane crashes in Northern Ontario.
    (AP, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 11, The Israeli security Cabinet decided in principle to authorize the expulsion of Yasser Arafat. The Cabinet also decided that the construction of the security fence between Israel and the West Bank will be accelerated.
    (AP, 9/11/03)(SFC, 9/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 11, The Italian Health Ministry said at least 4,175 more elderly Italians died in the summer heat wave that scorched Europe this year compared with the same period last year. The heat wave caused about 70,000 premature deaths across Europe.
    (AP, 9/11/03)(Econ, 5/9/15, p.54)
2003        Sep 11, In Russia the 36-card set "United Cards of America," featuring the key figures in Washington, went up for sale.
    (SFC, 9/15/03, p.A2)
2003        Sep 11, Swaziland's King Mswati III selected his 12th bride, less than a week after he picked bride No. 11 from thousands of young Swazi maidens.
    (AP, 9/11/03)
2003        Sep 11, Sweden's Foreign Minister Anna Lindh died after being stabbed Sep 10 by a mystery attacker.
    (Reuters, 9/11/03)
2003        Sep 11, Weary and trembling, Pope John Paul II struggled to greet Slovaks as he began a four-day visit.
    (AP, 9/11/03)

2003        Sep 12, A climate prediction experiment, expected to involve two million people around the world, was launched. The program, downloaded from (www.climateprediction.net) and ran on an ordinary desktop or laptop computer.
    (Reuters, 9/11/03)
2003        Sep 12, Johnny Cash (71), singer, died. His rough, unsteady voice championed the downtrodden and reached across generations with songs like "Ring of Fire," "I Walk the Line" and "Folsom Prison Blues." In 2013 Robert Hilburn authored Johnny Cash: The Life.
    (AP, 9/12/03)(SFC, 9/13/03, p.A12)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.83)
2003        Sep 12, US soldiers mistakenly opened fire on uniformed Iraqi policemen chasing highway bandits at night, killing eight officers and a Jordanian security guard in Fallujah.
    (AP, 9/12/04)
2003        Sep 12, In Colombia 4 Israelis, 2 Britons, a German and a Spaniard were kidnapped near archaeological ruins high in the Sierra Nevada, about 465 miles north of  Bogota. 2 of the tourists were freed Nov 24. The other 4 were released Dec 22. In 2004 the German government billed Reinhilt Weigel $17,630 to cover the cost of a helicopter used to bring her part of the way home, after she was released by rebels. In 2009 she lost her appeal.
    (AP, 9/15/03)(WSJ, 11/25/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/23/03)(SFC, 5/29/09, p.A2)
2003        Sep 12, In Bombay (Mumbai), India, police shot and killed a man believed to have masterminded car bombings in Bombay last month that killed 53 people. Naseer and his aide were traveling in a car that carried explosives, guns and detonators when police intercepted it.
    (AP, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 12, The Palestinians urged the UN Security Council to demand that Israel not expel Yasser Arafat and halt any threats to his safety.
    (AP, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 12, In Portugal's Madeira Islands a small airplane crashed into the sea, apparently killing all nine people on board. The Beechcraft 200 was carrying eight Spaniards and a British pilot from the islands off northwest Africa to the southern Spanish city of Malaga.
    (AP, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 12, In Rwanda Paul Kagame took the oath of office as the nation's first popularly elected president since the 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 12, Typhoon Maemi, the most powerful ever to ever hit South Korea, flipped over a floating hotel, twisted massive cranes, killed at least 117 people. The main port of Busan reported $1.3 billion in damage.
    (WSJ, 9/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 9/13/04)
2003        Sep 12, The UN Security Council lifted 11-year-old sanctions on Libya after Moammar Gadhafi's government took responsibility for bombing a Pan Am jet over Scotland and agreed to pay the victims' families $2.7 billion.
    (AP, 9/12/03)

2003        Sep 13, In Las Vegas, Sugar Shane Mosley beat Oscar De La Hoya, winning a close but unanimous decision to take the WBC and WBA 154-pound titles.
    (AP, 9/13/04)
2003        Sep 13, The California Democratic Party voted to endorse Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante while continuing to support Gov. Gray Davis in the Oct. 7 recall election.
    (AP, 9/13/04)
2003        Sep 13, Frank O'Bannon (73), Indiana Gov. since 1996, died. He had suffered a massive stroke in his Chicago hotel room on Sep 8. He was succeeded by Lt. Gov. Joe Kernan.
    (SFC, 9/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic rebels killed a former lawmaker as gunbattles and other violence escalated across Indian-controlled Kashmir, leaving 20 people dead and 37 wounded.
    (AP, 9/13/03)
2003        Sep 13, Angry mourners swarmed Fallujah, Iraq, a day after eight Iraqi police were killed in a friendly fire incident involving U.S. troops; the U.S. military apologized for the deaths.
    (AP, 9/13/04)
2003        Sep 13, In the southern Philippines soldiers killed two suspected members of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group and seized pictures of al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden and documents in Arabic language after storming a rebel camp.
    (AP, 9/13/03)

2003        Sep 14, Japanese filmmaker Takeshi Kitano's "Zatoichi," the story of a mythical blind swordsman, and Denys Arcand's "The Barbarian Invasions" took top awards at the Toronto International Film Festival.
    (Reuters, 9/14/03)
2003        Sep 14, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich directed the state Special Advocate to draft a plan for busing inexpensive medications from Canada for state employees and retirees.
    (SFC, 9/15/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 14, The Lasker foundation presented awards for medical research to Dr. Robert Roeder for his work on gene transcription, and to Dr. Marc Feldman and Sir Ravinder Maini for their anti-TVF work that led to drugs for treating rheumatoid arthritis.
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.A2)
2003        Sep 14, Yetunde Price (31), older sister of tennis stars Venus and Serena Williams, was shot and killed in LA County. Suspect Aaron Michael Hammer (24) was arrested 2 days later.
    (SFC, 9/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 14, Hafiz Abdul Rahim, a top commander of the former Taliban regime who allegedly led rebel fighters in southern Afghanistan, was killed along with 14 other fighters in a shootout with Afghan forces.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 14, Estonians passed a referendum to join the European Union.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 14, In the West Africa country of Guinea-Bissau the army launched a coup, arresting the president and ordering government ministers detained. Verissimo Correia Seabre and fellow senior officers arrested the elected president, Kumba Yala.
    (AP, 9/14/03)
2003        Sep 14, Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, the US military commander in Iraq, authorized the use of loud rock music, "to create fear, disorient ... and prolong capture shock." The tactic became common in the US war on terror, with forces systematically using loud music on hundreds of detainees in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2003        Sep 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb attack on a convoy in the troubled city of Fallujah killed one US soldier and injured three others.
    (AP, 9/14/03)
2003        Sep 14, In Cancun, Mexico, the WTO talks collapsed when delegates from Africa, the Caribbean and Asia walked out accusing wealthy nations of failing to offer sufficient compromises on agriculture and other issues.
    (SFC, 9/15/03, p.A3)(AP, 9/14/08)
2003        Sep 14, A Saudi importer of  some 58,000 Australian sheep was reported to be trying to give them away for free. The sheep had  been stranded for five weeks on the ship, the Cormo Express, due to a 6% infection rate for scabby mouth disease. Australia in 2002 had imposed tougher rules on ships exporting livestock to the Persian Gulf after it was revealed that 14,500 sheep had died from heat stress in one month. Some 5,700 sheep aboard the Cormo Express died before Eritrea accepted the animals.
    (AP, 9/14/03)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.88)
2003        Sep 14, Dhaher bin Thamer al-Shimry, a Saudi marijuana trafficker, was beheaded, bringing the number of beheadings in the kingdom this year to 41.
    (AP, 9/14/03)
2003        Sep 14, Pope John Paul II wrapped up a pilgrimage to Slovakia by beatifying two clerics, Greek Catholic Bishop Vasil Hopko and Roman Catholic Sister Zdenka Schelingova, who were jailed and tortured under the former communist regime.
    (AP, 9/14/03)
2003        Sep 14, Sweden voted 56-42% "No" in a referendum on whether to adopt the euro.
    (Reuters, 9/15/03)

2003        Sep 15, US professional women's soccer folded due to low attendance. The WUSA soccer league shut down operations five days before the Women's World Cup, saying it didn't have enough money to stay in business for a fourth season.
    (WSJ, 9/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 9/15/04)
2003        Sep 15, In California a judicial panel postponed the Oct 7 recall balloting because old ballot equipment could deprive voters of their right to be counted. On Sep 23 the 9th Circuit Court ruled that the recall be held on Oct 7.
    (AP, 9/16/03)(SFC, 9/16/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/20/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 15, A new human rights report on Brazil said summary executions and killings by death squads, often formed by police officers, are commonplace and frequently tolerated by authorities.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 15, The Colombian army reported that its forces in Operation Scorpion killed at least 17 suspected members of a rebel special forces unit.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In India rain-swollen rivers began receding in the state of Uttar Pradesh but the death toll there from monsoon rains rose to 190 after 34 more people were reported killed.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In Iraq guerrillas killed a US soldier in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in central Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In Kenya gunmen burst into the home of a senior delegate to a constitutional convention and shot him to death.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, More than 100 South Korean tourists flew to North Korea's capital on the first commercial flight between the two countries since they were divided nearly six decades ago.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In Ingushetia, Russia, a truck filled with explosives blew up outside a government security building, killing at least three people and wounding at least 22.
    (AP, 9/15/03)(WSJ, 9/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 15, In Saudi Arabia a fire that swept through el-Haer prison in Riyadh and 94 were initially reported killed. 67 inmates died in the worst prison fire in Saudi Arabian history.
    (AP, 9/16/03)(AP, 2/16/12)
2003        Sep 15, Over 360 Somali delegates in Kenya adopted a transitional charter that outlines a future government for the troubled African nation.
    (AP, 9/16/03)   

2003        Sep 16, The US vetoed a UN resolution demanding that Israel not harm or expel Arafat.
    (WSJ, 9/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 16, North Carolina (D) Sen. John Edwards (50) entered the US presidential race.
    (SFC, 9/17/03, p.A6)
2003        Sep 16, Actor-singer Sheb Wooley (82) died in Nashville, Tenn.
    (AP, 9/16/04)
2003        Sep 16, Mohammed Abdel Qader and his brother were summoned to a Cairo police station by Captain Ashraf Safwat. Abdel Qader died five days later and an autopsy gave torture by electric shock combined with a weak heart as the cause of death.
    (AFP, 2/1/07)
2003        Sep 16, Guinea-Bissau's army chief of staff who overthrew the West African nation's president has won an agreement from political leaders to have presidential powers until new elections are held.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 16, In Indonesia escalating fighting in resource-rich Aceh province left at least 22 suspected separatist rebels and one Indonesian soldier dead.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2003        Sep 16, Baha Mousa (26), an Iraqi hotel receptionist, died after being beaten at a British military camp in Basra. An autopsy said he died of asphyxia, caused by a stress position that soldiers forced him to maintain. He was arrested, along with nine other Iraqis, at the Haitham Hotel in Basra 2 days earlier by members of the 1st Battalion The Queen's Lancashire Regiment (QLR). In 2006 Corp. Donald Payne pleaded guilty to a charge of inhumane treatment of Iraqi civilians, but denied manslaughter. Payne, who became Britain's first convicted war criminal, was dismissed by the army and jailed for a year over the killing. In 2008 the British Ministry of Defense agreed to pay just under $6 million to the family of Mousa and 9 others who suffered injuries while in the custody of British forces. In 2009 Britain opened a public inquiry into the case and Britain's military apologized for its treatment of Mousa. On Sep 8, 2011, an inquiry concluded that British soldiers beat Mousa to death in an act of unjustified violence that left a "very great stain" on Britain's armed forces.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8143982.stm)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.66)(AP, 7/10/08)(AP, 7/13/09)(AP, 9/21/09)(Reuters, 9/8/11)
2003        Sep 16, Italian consumer groups asked for a boycott on virtually all products and services to protest price hikes.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 16, In western Japan a man reportedly involved in a pay dispute set off an explosion that killed himself, a hostage and a police officer in an office building.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 16, It was reported that scientists in Japan have transformed mouse stem cells into sperm cells.
    (SFC, 9/16/03, p.A6)
2003        Sep 16, The UN turned over responsibility for security in East Timor's second largest city to the country's fledgling police force.
    (AP, 9/16/03)

2003        Sep 17, Wesley Clark, the retired general with a four-star military resume but no political experience, decided to become the 10th Democratic presidential candidate.
    (Reuters, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 17, Three former executives of Merrill Lynch & Co. were indicted on fraud charges related to Enron Corp.
    (SFC, 9/18/03, p.B3)
2003        Sep 17, Dick Grasso, Chairman of the NY Stock Exchange, resigned following a public outcry over his $139.5 million retirement pay package.
    (WSJ, 9/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 17, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates said his foundation would donate $51 million to create 67 small high schools in NYC. It was part of a larger plan by the city to create 200 small high schools to replace struggling large ones.
    (SFC, 9/18/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 17, Iran's leading dissident cleric,  Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, criticized the country's hard-line Islamic leaders, saying they should submit to elections and allow the country's young people to choose their future.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2003        Sep 17, An audiotape purporting to carry the voice of Saddam Hussein, broadcast on Arab television, called on Iraqis to fight the American occupation.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2003        Sep 17, The imprisoned leader of a Peruvian rebel group said his group has given up armed conflict and now wants to become a political movement. Victor Polay, in a published interview, acknowledged that the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement has been defeated.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2003        Sep 17, Spain's leading investigating judge, Baltasar Garzon, issued the first known indictment against Osama bin Laden in the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2003        Sep 17, In Sri Lanka 19 million people shared space with about 3,000 wild elephants. As forests dwindled the huge beasts entered villages to forage in garbage dumps for food.
    (AP, 9/17/03)

2003        Sep 18, Hurricane Isabel plowed into North Carolina's Outer Banks with 100 mile-an-hour winds and pushed its way up the Eastern Seaboard; the storm was later blamed for 30 deaths.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2003        Sep 18, Anti-virus companies warned of a new computer worm circulating through e-mail that purports to be security software from Microsoft Corp.
    (Reuters, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, In Afghanistan US forces killed at least 11 Taliban in fighting over the last 3 days as part of operation "Mountain Viper," which has been going on for more than two weeks. US helicopters attacked a tent in southern Afghanistan, killing two Taliban militants and 10 nomadic tribesmen after the Taliban sought shelter there. Local Taliban commander, Mullah Mohammed Gul Niazi, was among the dead.
    (AP, 9/18/03)(AP, 9/20/03)
2003        Sep 18, In Afghanistan US helicopter fire left 5 women and four children dead and six people wounded in the Nuabahar district.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 18, A law against "promotion" of homosexuality was removed from the British statute books, after more than a decade of gay-rights protests.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, A human rights group estimated that 11,000 children are fighting in Colombia's civil war.
    (SFC, 9/19/03, p.A15)
2003        Sep 18, Iraqi guerrillas ambushed an American patrol in Al Auja, Saddam Hussein's native village, killing 3 US soldiers. The number of US killed since the start of war in March reached 297.
    (SFC, 9/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 18, Genshin Fujinami (44), a Japanese Buddhist monk of the Tendai sect, completed a 7-year, 24,800-mile spiritual journey to the Hiei mountains. 46 other marathon monks have completed the journey since 1885. The ritual, believed to be a path to enlightenment, dates to the 8th century.
    (SFC, 9/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Sep 18, Nepal was shut down in a 3-day strike imposed by Maoist rebels.
    (WSJ, 9/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 18, A Russian military jet crashed in central Russia during a test flight and four crew members are missing.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, Syria's new prime minister formed a 31-member Cabinet, touted as a new effort to carry out economic and bureaucratic reforms.
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2003        Sep 18, Zimbabwe's high court ordered the nation's only independent newspaper reopened. Police had shut it down because it refused to get a government license.
    (WSJ, 9/19/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 19, Hurricane Isabel knocked out power to more than 4.5 million people as it weakened into a tropical storm and raced toward Canada after swamping tidal communities along Chesapeake Bay. 21 of 36 storm victims were in Virginia.
    (AP, 9/19/03)(AP, 9/20/03)(WSJ, 9/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 19, In Chechnya rebel attacks and a mine blast have left 7 Russian servicemen dead in the past 24 hours in the Kremlin's military campaign against Chechen separatists.
    (AP, 9/19/03)
2003        Sep 19, The government of Georgia scrapped an accord guaranteeing religious freedom for Catholics. The next day the Vatican issued an unusually strong rebuke to the former Soviet republic and its dominant Orthodox Church.
    (AP, 9/20/03)
2003        Sep 19, In Iraq former Gen. Sultan Hashim Ahmad, Saddam Hussein's last defense minister, surrendered to an American commander after weeks of negotiations. He was no. 27 on the most-wanted list.
    (AP, 9/19/03)
2003        Sep 19, In the Maldives unrest erupted at the Maafushi prison after a young man named Evan Naseem was tortured to death. Police opened fire and 3 people were killed. Violent riots followed as did a state of emergency.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.54)
2003        Sep 19, Zimbabwe military police barred journalists from entering their offices, defying a court order to allow the country's only independent daily newspaper to resume publishing.
    (AP, 9/19/03)

2003        Sep 20, In Atlantic City, NJ, Miss Florida Ericka Dunlap beat out 50 rivals to be crowned Miss America.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2003        Sep 20, A Grand Canyon sightseeing helicopter crashed and all 7 aboard were killed.
    (WSJ, 9/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 20, In Oakland, Ca., Cha Cha Hill (3) died of multiple injuries following numerous beatings by his father, Chazarus Hill Sr. In 2007 the father (27) was sentenced to 26 years to life in prison following a conviction of assault causing death.
    (SFC, 3/9/07, p.B4)
2003        Sep 19, Five of six children riding on an all-terrain vehicle in Coffee County, Ga., were killed when they were hit by a motorist.
    (AP, 9/21/04)
2003        Sep 20, In central Iraq 3 American soldiers were killed and 13 injured in a mortar attack and a bombing.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2003        Sep 20, In Iraq gunmen attacked and wounded Aquila al-Hashimi, one of three women on Iraq's Governing Council and a leading candidate to become the country's representative at the United Nations.
    (AP, 9/20/03)
2003        Sep 20, Japan's ruling party entered the final phase of voting to choose its leader. PM Junichiro Koizumi easily won re-election as head of Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party.
    (AP, 9/20/03)
2003        Sep 20, The Indian army said it killed six suspected separatist guerrillas from a Pakistan-based group after a fierce battle in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/20/03)
2003        Sep 20, Latvians endorsed membership in the EU.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2003        Sep 20, In central Pakistan a train slammed into a bus, killing 27 people and injuring 6.
    (AP, 9/20/03)
2003        Sep 20, The semi-annual meetings of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund began in Dubai, UAR.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2003        Sep 20, Zimbabwe Vice President Simon Muzenda (81), a long time loyal aide of Zimbabwe's autocratic leader Robert Mugabe, died.
    (AP, 9/20/03)

2003        Sep 21, At the 55th Annual Emmy Awards "The West Wing" won for best drama.
    (SFC, 9/22/03, p.D1)
2003        Sep 21, NYSE board of directors announced the appointment of John S. Reed (64) as interim chairman and CEO.
    (WSJ, 9/22/03, p.C1)
2003        Sep 21, NASAs $1.5 billion Galileo mission ended a 14-year exploration of the solar system's largest planet and its moons with the spacecraft crashing by design into Jupiter at 108,000 mph.
    (SFC, 9/22/03, p.B8)(AP, 9/21/04)
2003        Sep 21, A US DynCorp plane crashed while fumigating cocaine-producing crops in volatile northern Colombia, killing the American pilot: "preliminary information indicates the aircraft was struck by hostile ground fire." The military contractor said it was the 5th shot down by rebels.
    (AP, 9/22/03)(WSJ, 9/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 21, In Bolivia a rural roadblock near Warista ended in a clash with police and soldiers that left at least 4 people dead.
    (SSFC, 9/28/03, p.C2)
2003        Sep 21, The latest outbreak of fighting between Hutu rebels and the army in Burundi's decade-long civil war has killed at least 12 people on the outskirts of Bujumbura.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2003        Sep 21, Paul Martin was elected by Canada's Liberal Party to succeed Jean Chretien as prime minister.
    (AP, 9/21/04)
2003        Sep 21, In Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's party suffered a bitter defeat in state elections that focused on Germany's stagnating economy.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2003        Sep 21, In India's portion of Kashmir a bomb hidden inside a videocassette recorder exploded in a busy market, killing 3 people and wounding 28 others.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2003        Sep 21, In Iraq corporate and personal income taxes were capped at 15%. All foreign government entities and their employees were declared exempt.
    (WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003        Sep 21, The leader of the Maldives appealed for calm after two days of rioting killed 3 people and sent shock waves through this tiny Indian Ocean island nation.
    (AP, 9/21/03)

2003        Sep 22, California signed into law a privacy bill, effective Jul 1, 2004, that prevents use of vehicle recorded data without the consent of the owner. GM began installing data boxes in the 1970s.
    (SFC, 9/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 22, Actor Gordon Jump died at age 71.
    (AP, 9/22/04)
2003        Sep 22, Hugo Young (b.1938), British political columnist for the Sunday Times and the Guardian, died. In 2008 Ion Trewin edited The Hugo Young Papers: Thirty Years of British Politics Off the Record.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.86)
2003        Sep 22, In Haiti the bullet-riddled body of Amiot Metayer (39) was found, more than a year after he escaped from prison and allegedly went on a rampage terrorizing government opponents. 3 days of protests followed the news.
    (AP, 9/23/03)(SFC, 9/26/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 22, A suicide bomber, his body wrapped in explosives and his car filled with 50 pounds of TNT, struck a police checkpoint outside UN headquarters in Baghdad, killing an Iraqi policeman who stopped him and wounding 19 people.
    (AP, 9/22/03)
2003        Sep 22, NATO selected Dutch Foreign Minister Jaap de Hoop Scheffer as the alliance's new secretary general.
    (AP, 9/22/03)
2003        Sep 22, The jawbone of a cave-man living in what is now Romania, found in 2002 in Pestera cu Oase, was reported as the oldest fossil from an early modern human to be found in Europe. It was carbon-dated to between 34,000 and 36,000 years ago.
    (AP, 9/22/03)
2003        Sep 22, In Uganda a speeding bus plowed head-on into a truck loaded with relief food destined for Burundi, killing 46 people and injuring 33 others.
    (AP, 9/22/03)

2003        Sep 23, Speaking at the United Nations, President Bush rejected calls from France and Germany to hasten the transfer of power in Iraq, insisting the shift to self-government could be "neither hurried nor delayed."
    (AP, 9/23/04)
2003        Sep 23, Puerto Rico's congressional delegate said the United States will close its Roosevelt Roads Naval Station in eastern Puerto Rico within the next six months.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2003        Sep 23, US forces in Iraq killed 3 civilians in an aerial attack on a farming village.
    (SFC, 9/24/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 23, A federal appeals court unanimously put California's recall election back on the calendar for Oct. 11.
    (AP, 9/23/04)
2003        Sep 23, In California's Gov. Gray Davis signed a law to prohibit spam effective Jan 1.
    (SFC, 9/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 23, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) introduced 64-bit computing for PC users. The 1st new chip is the AMD Athlon 64 Processor 3200+, which runs at 2 GHz.
    (SFC, 9/23/03, p.B1)
2003        Sep 23, Scientists reported that human bone fragments found in a cave from Aveline's Hole in the Mendip Hills of southwest England date from 10,200-10,400BCE.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2003        Sep 23, China signed agreements with Russia and four Central Asian neighbors (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan) in an effort to strengthen a 7-year-old security alliance and encourage economic links across a largely undeveloped region.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2003        Sep 23, A power outage struck the capital of Denmark and southern Sweden, leaving nearly 4 million people without electricity.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2003        Sep 23, Ivory Coast rebel leaders said they were abandoning their posts in Ivory Coast's power-sharing government and halting disarmament.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2003        Sep 23, A raid in Saudi Arabia on Islamic militants left three suspects dead, including Jubran Sultan al-Qahtani (aka as Zubayr al-Rimi), an al-Qaida figure wanted by the US.
    (AP, 9/24/03)

2003        Sep 24, After four turbulent months, three special legislative sessions and two Democratic walkouts, both houses of the Republican-controlled Texas Legislature adopted redistricting plans favoring the GOP.
    (AP, 9/24/04)
2003        Sep 24, In Cold Spring, Minn., Jason McLaughlin (15), a high school freshman, shot and killed senior Aaron Rollins (17) and wounded Seth Bartell (14) before surrendering. Bartell died from his wounds on Oct 10. On August 30, 2005, McLaughlin was sentenced to life in prison, with no possibility for parole until hes well over 50. He was convicted of first degree murder in the shooting death of Bartell and second-degree murder for killing Rollins.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocori_High_School_shooting)
2003        Sep 24, Herb Gardner (68), Tony-winning playwright, died in New York.
    (AP, 9/24/04)
2003        Sep 24, In Israel 27 reserve pilots refused to take part in targeted killings.
    (WSJ, 9/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 24, India rejected Pakistan's invitation to negotiate a settlement concerning the disputed province of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 24, Families of people killed when US jets bombed Libya urged Tripoli to suspend payments to relatives of the victims of the 1988 downing of a Pan Am airliner until they receive compensation from the United States.
    (AP, 9/24/03)   
2003        Sep 24, Swedish police arrested a new suspect in the murder of Foreign Minister Anna Lindh, and released a man they had held for more than a week.
    (AP, 9/24/03)

2003        Sep 25, In Nashville, Tenn., 8 people died in a nursing home fire.
    (SFC, 9/27/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 25, In a new French deck of cards Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld gets the honor as ace of spades. Pres. Bush is the king of diamonds and Osama bin Laden the joker. Thierry Meyssan, the man behind the French deck, headed the Voltaire Network, a left-wing association that put the cards on its Internet site.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 25, Franco Modigliani (85), Nobel-winning economist, died in Cambridge, Mass.
    (AP, 9/25/04)(Econ, 10/4/03, p.74)
2003        Sep 25, George Plimpton (b.1927), writer and participatory journalist, died in NYC at age 76. He helped found the Paris Review in 1953. His books included "Paper Lion" (1966). In 2013 Tom Bean and Luke Poling directed the documentary: Plimpton: Starring George Plimpton as Himself.
    (SFC, 9/27/03, p.A2)(SFC, 7/26/13, p.E5)
2003        Sep 25, Edward Said (67), Palestinian American journalist, critic and author, died. His books included "Orientalism" and "Culture and Imperialism."
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E9)(Econ, 10/4/03, p.84)
2003        Sep 25, In France INSERM, the National Institute of Health and Medical Research, determined that 14,802 people had died in August due to the heat wave.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 25, A mortar blast tore through a market in Baqouba, Iraq, killing nine civilians and injuring more than a dozen others. Townspeople suspected American soldiers stationed nearby may have been the target. Aquila al-Hashimi (50), the first member of Iraq's American-picked Governing Council to be targeted for assassination, died, five days after she was shot in an ambush.
    (AP, 9/26/03)(AP, 9/25/03)(WSJ, 9/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 25, Israeli troops killed 4 Islamic militants, including a senior fugitive, in gun battles in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. One soldier was killed and six were wounded in the fighting.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 25, In northern Japan an 8.3 earthquake, the world's most powerful in 2 1/2 years, injured at least 589 people and knocked out power on Hokkaido.
2003        Sep 25, In Nigeria an Islamic appeals court overturned the conviction of Amina Lawal. She had been sentenced to death by stoning for committing adultery.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 25, Yuri Senkevich (66), a documentary filmmaker and host of Russia's longest running TV show, died.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2003        Sep 25, Sudan's government and main rebel group signed an agreement on security arrangements for a six-year political transition in efforts to end their 20-year civil war.
    (AP, 9/26/03)

2003        Sep 26, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin opened a two-day summit at Camp David.
    (AP, 9/26/04)
2003        Sep 26, The US government issued a recall for Segway scooters, citing instances in which riders fell off when the batteries ran low.
    (AP, 9/26/04)
2003        Sep 26, US troops fired on two cars at a checkpoint in Fallujah, killing four Iraqis and injuring five others. Over 4 days Sheikh Mishkhen al Jumaili lost 9 relatives including his son.
    (AP, 9/27/03)(SFC, 10/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 26, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore demanded the elimination of U.S. export subsidies on cotton.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 26, In Cuba Brazil's Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed business accords with Castro that included an agreement to renegotiate Havana's $40 million debt with Brazil.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 26, Robert Palmer (54), a rock singer known for his sharp suits and hits including "Addicted to Love," died in Paris of a heart attack.
    (AP, 9/26/03)
2003        Sep 26, German authorities reported that they have broken up 38 child-pornography rings with links to tens of thousands of suspects around the world, including the US.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 26, A Palestinian gunman killed 2 people including a baby girl in an Israeli settlement outside Hebron.
    (SFC, 9/27/03, p.A8)
2003        Sep 26, In Ivory Coast gunmen broke into a bank and sparked a night-long street battle that left over 20 people dead. French troops rushed in the next day to try to impose order.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 26, Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan (85), head of Pakistan's main opposition alliance and one of its greatest democracy advocates, died.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 26, In Singapore Vignes Mourthi (23), found guilty of drug trafficking last year after his arrest in September 2001 for smuggling 27 grams (0.98 ounces) of heroin and Moorthi Angappan, convicted of helping him, were hanged. Over the past four years, 88 people have been hanged, mostly for drug offenses. The government says the death penalty effectively deters drug addiction.
    (AP, 9/26/03)

2003        Sep 27, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin urged Iran and North Korea to abandon suspected nuclear weapons programs, but disagreed over how to deal with both countries; Putin also declined at the end of a two-day summit at Camp David to pledge any postwar help for Iraq.
    (AP, 9/27/04)
2003        Sep 27, Donald O'Connor (78), film star and composer, died in Calabasas, Calif. His films included "Singing in the Rain" (1952).
    (SSFC, 9/28/03, p.A1)   
2003        Sep 27, The Algerian army reported that it had killed 150 armed Islamic militants in a two-week operation in the eastern foothills of this north African country.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 27, Brazil and Cuba signed $200 million in new business deals in Cuba by private Brazilian enterprises.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 27, Europe's first mission to the moon blasted off aboard a European Ariane rocket from French Guiana. The SMART-1 probe made it to within 3,100 miles of the moon on Nov 15, 2004, and proceeded to move into an elliptical orbit. The spacecraft ended its mission Sep 3, 2006, when it crashed into the lunar surface.
    (AP, 9/28/03)(SFC, 11/17/04, p.A3)(SSFC, 9/3/06, p.A5)
2003        Sep 27, In western Iran a bus plunged from a mountain road into a river, killing 21 passengers and injuring 11.
    (AP, 9/28/03)
2003        Sep 27, A Palestinian militant was killed when a bomb he was making blew up on as Israel maintained a high alert over a New Year holiday weekend.
    (Reuters, 9/27/03)
2003        Sep 27, A Russian rocket brought two Russian and four foreign satellites, including Nigeria's first, into orbit. Nigeria's $13 million craft, to be used for taking photos, was built by a British firm.
    (AP, 9/27/03)(Econ, 9/13/03, p.42)
2003        Sep 27, In northeast Uganda rebels of the LRA fighting a 17-year insurgency raided a village, killing at least 22 people.
    (AP, 9/28/03)

2003        Sep 28, In Linden, Texas Billy Ray Johnson (42) was lured to an all-white party where underage drinkers fed him alcohol and picked on him. In 2007 a jury awarded $9 million to Johnson, a mentally disabled black man who suffered permanent brain damage after being beaten and dumped in a field by 4 white men.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2003        Sep 28, Althea Gibson (76), Wimbledon's 1st black tennis champion (1957), died in New Jersey.
    (WSJ, 9/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 28, Elia Kazan (b.1909), Anatolian-Greek-born writer, film and stage director, died. His films included "On the Waterfront" (1954) and "A Streetcar Named Desire" (1951). In 2005 Richard Schickel authored Elia Kazan: A Biography.
    (AP, 9/29/03)(SSFC, 12/4/05, p.M6)
2003        Sep 28, In Colombia a remote-controlled bomb on a motorcycle exploded as revelers left a disco in a Florencia, killing at least 13 people and wounding 48 others.
    (AP, 9/29/04)
2003        Sep 28, Cuba's foreign minister made an impassioned appeal for the lifting of the trade embargo against his country, saying the blockade has cost the Caribbean nation $72 billion in the last 42 years.
    (AP, 9/28/03)
2003        Sep 28, In Guinea-Bissau senior army officers, who staged a recent coup, installed  Henrique Rosa as civilian president and Artur Sanha as prime minister to govern the West African country until elections. Civil servants hadn't been paid in nearly a year and teachers hadn't been paid in two. Soldiers were getting bags of rice instead of paychecks.
    (AP, 9/29/03)(AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Sep 28, A nationwide power blackout in Italy hit virtually the whole population in the dead of night. Power was out for as much as 18 hours. Problems began after a tree branch hit power lines in Switzerland.
    (AP, 9/28/03)(WSJ, 10/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Sep 28, Israeli and Palestinian fatalities over the last 3 years totaled some 3,277 with 860 on the Israeli side and 2,417 Palestinian dead. An additional 60 Palestinians were killed by militants for informing to Israel.
    (SSFC, 9/28/03, p.A14)
2003        Sep 28, Pope John Paul II named 31 new cardinals.
    (AP, 9/29/03)

2003        Sep 29, President Bush signed legislation to ratify the Federal Trade Commission's authority to set up a national do-not-call list for telemarketers.
    (AP, 9/29/04)
2003        Sep 29, US The Justice Department launched a full-blown criminal investigation into who leaked the name of CIA officer Valerie Plame, the wife of ex-Ambassador Joseph Wilson, and President Bush the next day directed his White House staff to cooperate fully. The White House denied that President Bush's top political adviser, Karl Rove, had leaked a CIA agent's identity to retaliate against an opponent of the administration's Iraq policy. [see Jul 14, 2003, Jun 30, 2005]
    (WSJ, 10/1/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/4/03, p.A3)(AP, 9/29/04)(SFC, 7/2/05, p.A8)
2003        Sep 29, Dennis Kozlowski, CEO of Tyco Int'l., and financial chief Mark Swartz went on trial on charges that they stole over $600 million from their Bermuda-based conglomerate.
    (WSJ, 2/4/04, p.C2)
2003        Sep 29, Irshad Manji (34), Canadian author of the recently published: "The Trouble With Islam: A Muslim's Call for Reform in Her Faith," was reported saying: "I leave my fellow Muslims with a very basic question here: Will we remain spiritually adolescent, caving to cultural pressures to conform or will we finally mature to the full fledged citizens that we are allowed to be in this part of the world?"
    (AP, 9/29/03)(WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D8)
2003        Sep 29, India's army said that it killed 15 Islamic militants as they tried overnight to sneak into Indian-controlled Kashmir from Pakistan-controlled territory.
    (AP, 9/29/03)
2003        Sep 29,  In Japan a 23-month-old bull tested positive for new strain of mad cow disease. A quarantine of 604 cows followed to prevent the spread of  the disease.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Sep 29, In Malaysia PM Mahathir Mohamad presided at the inauguration of the Berjaya Times Square, a $460 million project that was derailed by the 1997-98 Asian financial crises.
    (AP, 9/29/03) 
2003        Sep 29, Rwandans began casting ballots at the start of three days of voting in the nation's first genuine multiparty legislative elections since independence from Belgium in 1962.
    (AP, 9/29/03)
2003        Sep 29, Vietnam refused to recognize  Archbishop Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Man, Pope John Paul II's new appointment, as the new cardinal for Ho Chi Minh City.
    (AP, 9/29/03)

2003        Sep 30, The FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame.
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2003        Sep 30, Ford planned to cut some 12,000 jobs world-wide. Chrysler planned to eliminate several thousand positions.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Sep 30, In Oakland, Ca., Yusuf Bey, founder Your Black Muslim Bakery, died of colon cancer. He was awaiting trial on charges of raping a minor. In 2002 he was charged with 27 counts in the alleged rapes of 4 girls under the age of 14. In 2007 three of his former wives testified that Bey had directed many of the 100 women, whom he considered his wives, to make fraudulent applications for government aid programs.
    (SFC, 11/30/05, p.A16)(SSFC, 11/18/07, p.A1)
2003        Sep 30,  Eighteen accused al-Qaida sympathizers were convicted in Belgium's biggest terrorism trial. Nizar Trabelsi of Tunisia, who once played professional soccer in Germany, received the maximum sentence of 10 years in prison from a court that also convicted 17 other men and acquitted five others.
    (AP, 9/30/03)(AP, 9/30/08)
2003        Sep 30, In Colombia assassins riding a motorbike killed Jose Castillo, a candidate for mayor in Soledad, marking the 15th candidate killed as elections approach.
    (AP, 9/30/03)
2003        Sep 30, Mauritius PM Anerood Jugnauth resigned and was replaced by his deputy, Paul Berenger. Jugnauth took up the ceremonial roll of president a few days later.
    (Econ, 9/27/03, p.46)
2003        Sep 30, Nigeria lifted its fuel price cap on petrol, diesel and kerosene throwing the market open to competition and chaos ensued.
    (Econ, 10/18/03, p.46)
2003        Sep 30, Norway's national film board lifted a ban on hundreds of films that were deemed too sexually explicit or violent, including 1994's "On Deadly Ground" starring Steven Seagal and the 1990 gangster epic "Miller's Crossing."
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Sep 30, A Serbian police officer went on a shooting spree, killing four of his colleagues and seriously wounding three others.
    (AP, 9/30/03)

2003        Sep, Carlo Benetton sold his 11,000 acre Buffalo Ranch to the state of Texas for use by the prison system.
    (Econ, 9/27/03, p.30)
2003        Sep, Pres. Jammeh Yahya named Maimuma Taal-Ndure (34) as director general of Gambias Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).
    (WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)
2003        Sep, In Hungary Tibor Rejto, CEO of K&H Bank, was arrested as part of an alleged $40-50 million fraud scandal centered around stockbroker Attila Kulscar.
    (Econ, 9/27/03, p.78)
2003        Sep, A 3-foot-tall adult female skeleton was found in a cave believed to be 18,000 years old. A trove of fragmented bones accounted for as many as seven primitive individuals that lived on the equatorial island of Flores, located east of Java and northwest of Australia. Scientists have named the extinct species Homo floresiensis. Scientists in 2005 said the group emerged some 95,000 years earlier and went extinct about 12,000 years ago. In 2009 new studies suggested the people, dubbed hobbits, were a previously unknown species altogether.
    (AP, 10/27/04)(SFC, 10/28/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/4/05, p.A2)(AP, 5/7/09)
2003        Sep, In eastern France a group of masked men burst into a jewelry shop in Belfort, just 25 km (15 miles) from the Swiss border. They snatched 350,000 euros worth of jewelry and watches before fleeing. Police later managed to arrest their Serbian fences, one of whom had a stolen watch on his wrist. In 2013 the thieves were identified following progress in a forensic investigation into traces of blood on one of the glass cabinets, on a cupboard and on a Cartier box. Four Serb nationals were identified as the criminals but remained out of reach for the French justice system because Serbia does not extradite its citizens.
    (AFP, 7/21/18)
2003        Sep, Abd al-Rahim Al Nashiri, a Saudi national later sent to Guantanamo Bay, was detained and abused in Romania at a secret US prison. His detention continued to Oct. 2005. Romania later denied hosting such CIA facilities.
    (AP, 5/31/18)
2003        Sep-2004 Apr, In 2005 it was reported that members of the US Armys 82nd Airborne Division beat and abused prisoners at Camp Mercury, an operating base near Fallujah. We kept it to broken arms and legs.
    (SFC, 9/24/05, p.A3)

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