Timeline of 2003 April - June

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2003        Apr 1, In the 14th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom American soldiers on the road to Baghdad fought bloody street-to-street battles with militants loyal to Saddam Hussein. The US opened the assault on Karbala. US cluster bombs reportedly killed 11 civilians in Hilla.
    (AP, 4/1/03)(WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.W1)
2003        Apr 1, Pfc. Jessica Lynch (19), part of the 507th Maintenance Company captured on Mar 23, was rescued in a U.S. commando raid on an Iraqi hospital in Nasiriyah. 11 bodies were also recovered and 8 were identified as US personnel. It was later reported that Iraqi troops had already left the hospital. Later in the year Rick Bragg authored "I Am A Soldier, Too," an account of the Lynch story. About the same time Mohammed Odeh al-Rehaief and Jeff Coplon authored "Because Each Life Is Precious." Rehaief, a former Iraqi lawyer, disclosed Lynch's location to US forces and provided detailed information prior to her rescue.
    (AP, 4/2/03)(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/14/03, p.W8-9)
2003        Apr 1, In the second hijacking of a Cuban plane in as many weeks, a hijacker claiming to have two grenades surrendered an hour after forcing the aircraft to land in Florida with 32 people aboard. Adermis Wilson Gonzalez was convicted of air piracy and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/2/03)(AP, 3/24/14)
2003        Apr 1, A cloned Javan banteng was born by a beef cow in Iowa. Only 3-5,000 cattle-like bantengs remained worldwide.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 1, Air Canada filed for bankruptcy protection.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R9)
2003        Apr 1, Congo's government agreed to a power-sharing deal with rebel groups.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 1, Seven EU nations, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Finland, Ireland, Portugal and Belgium, said they oppose a proposal by larger countries for a new permanent European Union presidency.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 1, In Hong Kong Leslie Cheung, Chinese pop singer and movie star, jumped to his death at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel.
    (NW, 3/17/03, p.58)
2003        Apr 1, In India members of the Hmar Peoples Convention attacked a cluster of villages in southern Assam state's Cachar district, burning huts and took 28 villagers as hostages. 22 farmers were later found shot dead.
    (AP, 4/4/03)
2003        Apr 1, In Jordan authorities said they had foiled two recent Iraqi terror plots, including one by Iraqi diplomats allegedly planning to contaminate water supplies to Jordanian and US troops on Jordan's desert border with Iraq.
    (AP, 4/1/03)
2003        Apr 1, In Nigeria the 12-day rampage by Ijaw extremists has cut the normal oil output of 2 million barrels a day by 40 percent. Nigeria is the fifth-biggest supplier of US oil imports.
    (AP, 4/1/03)

2003        Apr 2, In the 15th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces crossed the Tigris River in the drive toward the Iraqi capital and destroyed the Baghdad Division of Iraq's Republican Guard. Gen. Richard Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, supported the war plan along with Defense Sec. Donald Rumsfeld against criticism. US Marines took Numaniya, a city of 80,000. American forces fought their way to within sight of the Baghdad skyline; Iraqi soldiers discarded their military uniforms by the roadside to hide their identity. 
    (SFC, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(AP, 4/2/08)
2003        Apr 2, A US B-52 bomber dropped 2 new CBU-105 bombs on the first 30 vehicles of an Iraqi armored convoy approaching a small American reconnaissance unit. The bombs each released 10 submunitions, each of which ejected 4 disks that used infra-red scanners to locate the vehicles. Soldiers in the remaining 70 vehicles surrendered immediately.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.88)
2003        Apr 2, A Navy F/A-18C Hornet after his fighter jet went down during a bombing run over Karbala. In 2004 it was reported that the jet was shot down by an Army Patriot missile. 7 US Army soldiers were killed when their Black Hawk helicopter was shot down.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/11/04, p.A12)
2003        Apr 2, Polish troops fighting with the US-led coalition in Iraq reported encountering many Iraqi combatants in civilian clothes.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, Saddam Hussein declared that "victory is at hand," and issued a new statement urging Iraqis to fight on and defend their towns according to a broadcast on Iraqi satellite television.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, Mirko Sarovic, a Bosnian Serb who was the chairman of the country's three-member multiethnic presidency, resigned after being implicated in a local company's violation of the UN arms embargo against Iraq.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, Burundi said Ethiopia, Mozambique and South Africa will send 3,500 peacekeepers to enforce a truce ending nearly 10 years of civil war.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, Guatemala City police raided the house of a suspected drug lord and found $14 million in cash.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.A18)
2003        Apr 2, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the chief of the largest militant group was killed in a shootout with police in the strife-torn Himalayan province.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, Israeli forces raided Gaza and 6 Palestinians were killed.
    (SFC, 4/3/03, p.A12)(WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 2, The Japanese government said a Japanese whaling fleet killed 400 minke whales during a five-month scientific expedition in Antarctic waters.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, In Mexico 9 people were found tortured and killed near the border city of Nuevo Laredo in apparent drug-related violence.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, In the southern Philippine city of Davao a bomb exploded near a bustling wharf, and killed 16 people including two children.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.A11)
2003        Apr 2, The UN health agency advised travelers to avoid going to Hong Kong and the Chinese province of Guangdong because of the deadly outbreak of SARS.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, Vietnam's PM Phan Van Khai spoke with Thich Huyen Quang, the leader of a banned Buddhist church, about religious freedoms. Quang has been under house arrest in 1982.
    (AP, 4/3/03)

2003        Apr 3, Moving with a sense of wartime urgency, the House and Senate separately agreed to give President Bush nearly $80 billion to carry out the battle against Iraq and meet the threat of terrorism.
    (AP, 4/3/04)
2003        Apr 3, In the 16th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US Marines and infantry moved with surprising speed toward Baghdad. Central Command said there was "increasing evidence" that Saddam Hussein's regime had lost control of its fighting forces. US troop casualty totaled: 51 dead, 16 missing and 7 captured. A power blackout in Baghdad coincided with heavy artillery fire. US forces attacked Saddam Int'l. Airport.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 3, US Sec. of State Colin Powell assured NATO allies and the EU that the Bush administration seeks a partnership with the United Nations for the reconstruction of post-war Iraq.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, The International Monetary Fund warned that the US housing market, after two years of record sales over and strong increases in home prices, could be headed for a fall.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, It was reported that Alzheimer's symptoms were slowed by the drug memantine.
    (WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 3, Afghan militia soldiers and 2-day blistering airstrikes by US-led coalition planes killed eight suspected Taliban fighters in the southern mountains.
    (AP, 4/4/03)
2003        Apr 3, In Chechnya a bus was blown apart by a remote-controlled mine, killing at least six people.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, The Colombia government said it is handing over about 14,000 acres of farmland seized from drug traffickers to poor farmers, marking Pres. Alvaro Uribe's first effort at agrarian reform. Efforts to cancel the property rights of drug traffickers were to be stepped up along with the transfer of some 750,000 acres of their property to peasants.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(WSJ, 4/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 3, Cuban security forces arrested the hijackers of a passenger ferry, rescuing nearly 50 hostages.
    (AP, 4/3/04)
2003        Apr 3, French air traffic controllers, postal workers and other public employees brought much of the country to a halt with a one-day strike over government plans to overhaul the pension system.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder said he hoped for a quick victory by US and British forces in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 4/4/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 3, Haiti's government officially sanctioned voodoo as a religion, allowing practitioners to begin performing ceremonies from baptisms to marriages with legal authority.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(AP, 2/11/04)
2003        Apr 3, A car exploded at a US checkpoint in western Iraq, killing 3 coalition soldiers, a pregnant woman and the car's driver. Banditry and plundering were reported across the countryside. Atlantic magazine editor Michael Kelly (46), became the first American journalist to be killed while covering the war when his Army Humvee came under fire and rolled into a canal.
    (WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/3/08)
2003        Apr 3, In northeastern Congo 966 people were killed in attacks by armed militants on villages in Ituri province. UN investigators later discovered some 20 mass graves in the region.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 3, Israeli forces evicted some 1,500-3,000 Palestinian men from their homes in the Tulkarem Refugee Camp and told them to stay out for 3 days. Several Palestinians were killed in Gaza and West Bank raids.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 3, Ivory Coast's insurgents ended their boycott of a new unity government and urged the international community to help make it work.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, Peru's Congress voted to create a Senate and return to a bicameral legislature, a decade after former Pres. Fujimori shut down the two houses in his so-called self coup.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, Serbia and Montenegro became a member of the Council of Europe.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, In Spain a female doctor described as mentally unbalanced stabbed several people at a Madrid hospital, killing a colleague and a patient and wounding six others.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, Venezuelas government fired 828 more employees from Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), the state oil monopoly, for participating in a two-month strike to oust Pres. Chavez. PDVSA lost many of its most experienced and best-qualified employees. Altogether Chavez fired some 18,000 employees of PDVSA this year and many of them soon found work Colombia.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(Econ, 8/12/06, p.56)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.31)

2003        Apr 4, Pres. Bush issued an executive order giving federal health officials power to quarantine anyone suspected of being infected with SARS. The disease had spread to 17 countries killing at least 90 people and infected some 2,300.
    (SFC, 4/5/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A9)
2003        Apr 4, On the 17th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom thousands of Iraqis fled Baghdad as US forces seized the international airport to the west and armored convoys pressed in from the south. Army Sgt. 1st Class Paul Ray Smith was killed in the battle. In 2005 Pres. Bush awarded him the 1st US Medal of Honor of the Iraq campaign. A Marine unit found concentrations of cyanide and mustard-gas agents in the Euphrates River near Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/7/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 4, Peter Arnett, fired by NBC earlier this week for giving an interview to state-run Iraqi television, began reporting for pan-Arab satellite channel Al-Arabiya. Atlantic Monthly journalist Michael Kelley was killed in a Humvee accident near Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/5/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 4, Six more moons were reported to have been found orbiting Jupiter, pushing to 58 the total number of known natural satellites of the solar system's largest planet.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 4, Dr. Russell R. Monroe (82), neurologist and authority on brain mechanisms, genius and criminal behavior, died. His books included "Creative Brainstorms: The Relationship Between Madness and Genius."
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A28)
2003        Apr 4, In Algeria 8 Austrian tourists were reported missing. Searchers using camels and helicopters equipped with heat-seeking sensors were already scouring the Sahara Desert for 21 tourists, mostly Germans, who vanished in Algeria over the past six weeks.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 4, In northeastern Bangladesh a river boat carrying more than 170 people capsized, killing 79 people, including 49 children.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/7/03)
2003        Apr 4, In southern Brazil 2 buses crashed head-on during heavy rains, killing 18 people and injuring seven others.
    (AP, 4/4/03)
2003        Apr 4, Chinese experts in hard-hit Guangdong province told the scientists they have found a rare form of airborne chlamydia in some of their SARS patients, raising the possibility that more than one germ may be involved. Other Chinese cases suggest the disease might be passed by touching something tainted by a sick person's mucous or saliva.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 4, A standoff between Cuban troops and the hijackers of a small ferry who had tried to sail to Florida ended as soldiers stormed the boat and hostages jumped overboard to safety.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 4, Israeli troops uncovered an explosives lab and arrested Anwar Alian (22), a senior Islamic Jihad militant, during a sweep of Tulkarem.
    (SFC, 4/5/03, p.A9)
2003        Apr 4, Mexican police over the last 2 days arrested 9 members of the powerful Juarez Cartel during raids across the country.
    (AP, 4/4/03)

2003        Apr 5, In the 18th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US 3rd Infantry troops entered Baghdad for the first time. Coalition troops took several objectives surrounding the capital in the north and northwest. US warplanes hit Iraqi positions near the commercial center of Mosul. Up to 3,000 Iraqi fighters were killed as American armored vehicles moved into Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/5/03)(AP, 4/6/03)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 5, Ali Hassan al-Majid (king of spades), Saddam Husseins 1st cousin and dubbed "Chemical Ali" by opponents for ordering a 1988 poison gas attack that killed thousands of Kurds, was killed by an airstrike on his house in Basra.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003        Apr 5, The Belgian Senate approved a measure gutting a 1993 war crimes law.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 5, Croatian police have arrested Ivica Rajic (45), a Bosnian Croat long sought by the UN war crimes tribunal, for allegedly carrying out atrocities against Muslim civilians during the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 5, In East Timor Jose Cardosa Fereira, senior militia leader, was found guilty of murder, rape and torture of civilians in East Timor who supported the territory's 1999 independence from Indonesia. He was sentenced to 12 years.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 5, A prison riot in northern Honduras left 86 prisoners dead and dozens more injured at the 1,600-inmate El Porvenir prison outside of La Ceiba. Soldiers and police searched for escaped inmates. Honduras' 26 prisons were built to house 5,500 inmates but are crammed with 13,000 prisoners. In 2008 a court sentenced 22 soldiers and police to a combined 740 years in prison for the massacre. In 2008 a Honduran court sentenced Dimas Antonio Benitez, a former prison official, to 1,051 years in jail for the deaths in the prison massacre.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A8)(AP, 6/4/08)(AP, 9/7/08)(AP, 2/16/12)
2003        Apr 5, In Israel Brian Avery (23), a peace activist from Albuquerque, NM, was wounded when Israeli troops opened fire in Jenin.
    (SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 5, In the southern Philippines two bombings killed two people and wounded eight.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 5, Uganda Army troops killed at least 30 LRA rebels in the northern Pader and Gulu districts, days after a three-week cease-fire expired.
    (AP, 4/8/03)

2003        Apr 6, In the 19th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom 18 Kurdish fighters were killed and 45 wounded in northern Iraq when a US warplane mistakenly bombed a convoy. The 1st US transport plane landed at Baghdad Airport.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 6, US forces near Baghdad reportedly found a weapons cache of around 20 medium-range Rockets, BM-21 missiles, equipped with sarin and mustard gas and "ready to fire." David Bloom (39), NBC correspondent, died of a pulmonary embolism south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A26)
2003        Apr 6, Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi exile leader, was airlifted by the US along with 700 "freedom fighters" to southern Iraq to join coalition troops and form the nucleus of a new national army.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(WSJ, 4/8/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 6, A convoy of Russian diplomats, including the ambassador, came under fire as the group was evacuating Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 6, The Int'l Committee of the Red Cross said the number of casualties in Baghdad is so high that hospitals have stopped counting the number of people treated.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 6, Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer, died at the Esalen Inst. in Big Sur, Ca. He pioneered African music in the US with his 1959 album "Drums of Passion."
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A31)
2003        Apr 6, Afghan officials announced a plan to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate an estimated 100,000 fighters over the next 3 years.
    (SFC, 4/7/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 6, Police in Chechnya said they had discovered four graves filled with disfigured bodies, many of them with their heads and arms cut off. Pro-Moscow Chechen policeman Ruslan Visarigov was killed by a mine near his home in the Shelkovskaya district. Rebels killed 4 servicemen and wounded 10 others in attacks over the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(AP, 4/7/03)
2003        Apr 6, In eastern China a fire roared through a food processing plant, killing 21 workers.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 6, Indian troops killed Fayaz Ahmad Khan, a top commander of Harkat-ul Mujahedeen, a Kashmiri guerrilla group that is suspected in the 1995 abduction of six Western tourists and a 1999 airliner hijacking.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 6, Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip killed a Hamas gunman and a 14-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 4/7/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 6, In Capetown, SA, Roxanne Dickson (5) became the 7th child to die from gang violence in the last month. Some 280 gangs operated in Western Cape, a province of about 3 million people, 5 percent of whom are believed to belong to gangs.
    (AP, 4/12/03)

2003        Apr 7, Syracuse beat Kansas 81-78 in the NCAA Basketball finals.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 7, Pulitzer Prize winners included Jeffrey Eugenides for fiction (Middlesex); Rick Atkinson for history (An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa (1942-1943); and Samantha Power for general nonfiction (A Problem from Hell: American and the Age of Genocide). The Boston Globe won the Pulitzer Prize for public service for its coverage of the priest sex abuse scandal.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A2)(AP, 4/7/08)
2003        Apr 7, The US Supreme Court voted 6-3 to uphold a 50-year-old Virginia law making it a crime to burn a cross as an act of intimidation.
    (AP, 4/7/04)
2003        Apr 7, Jewelry valued at $4.5 million was stolen from the Lang Estate and Jewelry store on Union Square in SF. 2 men were later arrested. In 2006 Troy Smith (44) was convicted in the robbery and faced 35 years to life in prison. His brother Dino Smith (48) and George Turner (46) were convicted in 2005. The robbers entered on a Sunday night and forced employees to open the safes the next morning and escaped with 1,300 pieces of jewelry.
    (SFC, 12/21/04, p.B3)(SFC, 11/1/06, p.B7)(SFC, 10/1/09, p.E3)
2003        Apr 7, In the 20th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces in tanks and armored vehicles stormed into the center of Baghdad, seizing Saddam Hussein's Sijood and Republican palaces. As many as 5 marines were killed. Many Iraqis died in constant suicidal attacks. It was later speculated that the US and the Baath regime arranged a secret deal (safqua) to hand over Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/8/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.D3)
2003        Apr 7, A US warplane dropped 4 precision-guided 2,000-pound JDAMs and left a smoking crater 60 feet deep in the upscale al-Mansour section of western Baghdad, where Saddam Hussein was believed to have been in a meeting with top officials.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(SFC, 4/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 7, Capt. Harry Alexander Hornbuckle on the road to Baghdad led 80 US soldiers against 300 Iraqi and Syrian fighters. 200 enemy were killed with no US casualties.
    (WSJ, 11/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 7, The SF Chronicle ran a $45,000 full-page ad that called for the impeachment of Pres. Bush. Former US Attorney Gen'l. Ramsey Clark led the ad sponsors.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A12)
2003        Apr 7, Juan Emeterio Rivas, Colombia radio journalist  for station Calor Estereo, was shot and killed by gunmen after he told his police body guards to take time off. Rivas' body and that of an engineering student were discovered in a rural area outside Barrancabermeja. Julio Cesar Ardila, the mayor of Barrancabermeja, was later charged with ordering the murder. He was among three men convicted in the murder of Jose Emeterio Rivas. In 2009 Ardila was sentenced to 28 years in prison for ordering the murder.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(AP, 7/12/03)(AP, 1/22/09)
2003        Apr 7, Cuba handed down sentences of 15-27 years to the 1st 7 of 80 recently rounded dissidents. Activists of Oswaldo Payas Christian Liberation Movement made up more than two-thirds of those arrested. In response the EU imposed diplomatic sanctions and Cuban officials boycotted embassy functions in what came to be called the cocktail war. The sanctions were suspended in 2005 and lifted in 2008.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.38)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.44)
2003        Apr 7, Cecile de Brunhoff (99), the inspiration for Babar the elephant whose adventures captivated generations of children, died in Paris. She first invented the tale of a little elephant as a bedtime story for her boys in 1931. They in turn told their father, painter Jean de Brunhoff, who illustrated the story and filled in details.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 7, Ahmad Chalabi, head of the exiled Iraqi National Congress, returned to Iraq.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 7, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian man who approached the fence of a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip overnight. In Tulkarem, Israeli troops arrested Maslama Thabet, a member of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.
    (AP, 4/7/03)
2003        Apr 7, Mexico said it would prepay $3.84 billion in the last outstanding Brady par bonds. They originally totaled $34 billion.
    (WSJ, 4/9/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 7, In the northern Siberian republic of Yakutia a fire engulfed an old wooden school, killing 21 students and a teacher.
    (AP, 4/7/03)

2003        Apr 8, Connecticut won its second straight NCAA women's basketball championship, defeating Tennessee 73-68.
    (AP, 4/8/04)
2003        Apr 8, In the 21st day of Operation Iraqi Freedom George W. Bush and Tony Blair met in Northern Ireland and endorsed a "vital role" for the United Nations when fighting ends in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, The US Dept. of Homeland Security announced $100 million in grants to 7 major US cities.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 8, Kidnapper-rapist John Jamelske, was arrested. He had imprisoned 5 women and girls, one after another, as sex slaves inside a makeshift dungeon in his DeWitt, NY, home.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2003        Apr 8, In Ohio a Dassault Aviation Falcon 20 crashed short of the runway at Toledo Express Airport and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 8, An American warplane mistakenly bombed a house, killing 11 civilians near Afghanistan's eastern border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 8, In Burundi battles started between the Tutsi-dominated army and the rebel Forces for the Defense of Democracy, or FDD, after the army tried to intercept insurgents moving into Gitega province. More than 6,000 people fled their homes in response.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 8, In Chechnya a Russian armored personnel carrier hit a land mine in Grozny and exploded, killing two soldiers and injuring several others.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, A jobless man died in a southern Czech village after setting himself on fire in the sixth case of self-immolation in recent weeks.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, Twenty-two European countries submitted a proposed resolution to the UN's top human rights body accusing Russia of grave rights violations in the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, Indonesia police and the military in Aceh killed nine people.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, A US errant rocket struck in Iran near the Iraqi border and killed a 13-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A21)
2003        Apr 8, In Iraq 2 cameramen and one other journalist were killed and at least 3 others wounded when an American tank hit the Hotel Palestine where they were staying. An Al-Jazeera journalist was killed by US fire. In 2005 a Spanish judge issued an arrest warrant for the 3-member US tank crew, for the death of Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish television network Telecinco. Khalid Ibrahim Sa'id, Iraqi physicist, was killed in Baghdad by a US tank crew as he rode in a car to check on his home. British forces began establishing the first post-war administration, putting a local sheik into power in the southern city of Basra. Looting erupted shortly after their troops took control of the city. A US warplane was shot down near Baghdad. US forces seized Rasheed military airport.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/05)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.F6)
2003        Apr 8, Khalid Ibrahim Sa'id, Iraqi physicist, was killed in Baghdad by a US tank crew as he rode in a car to check on his home.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A14)
2003        Apr 8, In Iraq British forces began establishing the first post-war administration, putting a local sheik into power in the southern city of Basra. Looting erupted shortly after their troops took control of the city. A US warplane was shot down near Baghdad. US forces seized Rasheed military airport.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 8, An Israeli AH-64 Apache helicopter fired a missile at a car in Gaza City after sundown, killing at least 6 people, including Saed Arabeed, a Palestinian militant, and 2 boys aged 4 and 15.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)

2003        Apr 9, In the 22nd day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US commanders declared Saddam Hussein's rule over Baghdad over and jubilant crowds swarmed into the streets here, dancing, looting, cheering and bringing down images of the Iraqi leader. No more than 150 Iraqis gathered in Farbus Square to watch American Marines, not Iraqis, pull down a statue of Hussein.
    (AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/03)
2003        Apr 9, The US said it will move its main military base in South Korea out of the capital as soon as possible.
    (AP, 4/9/03)
2003        Apr 9, James Smith (59), a senior FBI counterintelligence agent, was arrested in LA along with Katrina Leung (49), prominent venture capitalist, for the alleged theft and transfer of a classified defense document to the Chinese government. In 2004 Smith pleaded guilty failing to disclose his 2-year sexual relationship with Leung.
    (SFC, 4/10/03, p.A9)(NW, 4/21/03, p.6)(SFC, 5/13/04, p.A3)
2003        Apr 9, A large shipment of African rodents, including Gambian rats, dormice and sun squirrels, arrived in Dallas aboard a commercial flight from Ghana. An "unusually large number of sick and dead animals." Some of the larger animals had consumed the smaller ones. African rodents imported as pets caused a monkeypox outbreak in the Midwest that sickened dozens of adults and children with a virus related to smallpox.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2003        Apr 9, China closed the People's Armed Police Hospital in Beijing due to SARS.
    (SFC, 4/26/03, A3)
2003        Apr 9, The European Union's parliament ratified a historic expansion, making it nearly certain that 10 mostly eastern European countries will join the bloc next year.
    (AP, 4/9/03)
2003        Apr 9, Israeli forces in the Gaza Strip killed 5 Palestinians following rocket fire on Sederot.
    (SFC, 4/10/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 9, In Geneva inventions from around the planet were presented during the world's largest inventions fair.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A2)
2003        Apr 9, Abraham Zabludovsky (78), Polish-born Mexican architect, died. His projects included the Rufino Tamayo Museum in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.A28)

2003        Apr 10, The US House passed a bill creating a national Amber Alert system and strengthening child pornography laws.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2003        Apr 10, Eva Narcissus Boyd, the singer known as "Little Eva," died in Kinston, N.C.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2003        Apr 10, Iraqi television aired videotaped greetings from President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2003        Apr 10, In the 23rd day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US and Kurdish troops seized oil-rich Kirkuk without a fight and held a second city within their grasp as opposition forces crumbled in northern Iraq. Looting in Baghdad prompted orders for US Marines to crack down on thieves. Over 40 suicide vests were found in a Baghdad school. Looting in Kirkuk stripped the North Oil Co. facilities and pumping of 850,000 barrels a day ceased.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W8)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 10, In Najaf clerics Haider al-Kadar, a widely hated loyalist of Saddam, and Abdul Majid al-Khoei, a high-ranking Shiite cleric and son of one of the religion's most prominent spiritual leaders, were hacked to death at the shrine of Imam Ali by a crowd during a meeting of reconciliation. Majid al-Khoei had been give as much as $13 million by the CIA to cultivate supporters.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A14)
2003        Apr 10, Aid workers fled a north Afghan town after factional fighting killed at least 13 people.
    (WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 10, In Colombia the body of Eudaldo Diaz, mayor of the Sucre state town of El Roble, was found tortured and killed. Former Sucre Gov. Salvador Arana was convicted in 2009 of masterminding the murder. He is serving a 40-year prison term. In 2011 fugitive Colombian paramilitary warlord Rodrigo Mercado was convicted in absentia of kidnapping and killing Diaz.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3o3844w)
2003        Apr 10, In Estonia Juhan Parts, a 36-year-old former auditor, took over as prime minister, becoming Europe's youngest leader.
    (AP, 4/10/03)
2003        Apr 10, An Israeli missile strike in Gaza City killed Mahmoud Zatme, an Islamic Jihad commander, and injured 12 bystanders. In Tulkarem Israeli troops fired on a car carrying members of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades. The driver was killed and 4 others were injured. 2 gunmen shot 2 Israeli soldier dead in the Jordan Valley and were themselves killed.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 10, In Dagestan, Russia, a fire killed 28 deaf children in a boarding school in Makhachkala. Fires in Russia killed some 50 people a day, i.e. 18,000 a year.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A3)

2003        Apr 11, US Congress approved a $2.2 trillion budget with Vice pres. Cheney casting the tie-breaking vote. It limited a tax cut to half of what Pres. Bush proposed.
    (SFC, 4/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 11, In the 24th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom the northern city of Mosul fell into US and Kurdish hands after an entire corps of the Iraqi army surrendered. The Pentagon said no major military forces remain in the country. Defense Sec. Rumsfeld called Iraqi looting and chaos a natural "untidiness" that accompanies the transition from tyranny to freedom. The US military issued a most-wanted list in the form of a deck of 55 cards.
    (AP, 4/11/03)(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A10)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 11, Amnesty International said at least 1,526 people were executed worldwide last year, with 80 percent of all known executions carried out in China (1,060), Iran (113) and the United States (71).
    (Reuters, 4/11/03)
2003        Apr 11, NATO-led peacekeepers in Bosnia arrested Naser Oric (35), a Bosnian Muslim wanted by the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal and flew him to The Hague. He was the wartime army commander in the eastern Bosnian town of Srebrenica. In 2006 Oric was acquitted of direct involvement in the murder of prisoners in the early years of the 1992-95 Bosnia war. But the court found he had closed his eyes to their mistreatment and failed to punish their killers. He was sentenced to 2 years and then ordered to be released since he has been in jail for more than three years.
    (AP, 4/11/03)(AP, 6/30/06)
2003        Apr 11, Cambodia and Thailand agreed to resume full diplomatic relations, which were suspended after anti-Thai riots shook Cambodia's capital in January.
    (AP, 4/11/03)
2003        Apr 11, Fidel Castro's government executed three men who hijacked a ferry by firing squad in a chilling message to anyone else who tries to commandeer a boat or plane to the United States.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 11, Israeli troops critically wounded Thomas Hurndall (21), a British peace activist, as he tried to remove 2 children from a line of fire outside the Rafah refugee camp. Hurndall died after 9 months in a vegetative state. In 2005 an Israeli military court convicted an Israeli soldier of manslaughter in the killing Hurndall.
    (SFC, 4/12/03, p.A6)(AP, 1/14/04)(AP, 6/27/05)
2003        Apr 11, In southern Japan an explosion ripped through a fireworks factory, killing seven people and injuring four others.
    (AP, 4/11/03)   
2003        Apr 11, The leaders of Russia, France and Germany gathered for a summit that was expected to push for the United Nations to play the leading role after the end of hostilities in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/11/03)
2003        Apr 11, In Uganda hundreds of Pokot tribesmen from Kenya attacked villages in eastern Uganda, killing more than 30 people. Victims were members of the Sabiny tribe.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 11, In Yemen 10 suspects in the bombing of the US destroyer Cole escaped from prison.
    (SFC, 4/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 11, The Venezuela government of Hugo Chavez and his opponents agreed to a plan for a referendum on his presidency, and the chief of state pledged to leave office if he loses.
    (AP, 4/11/03)

2003        Apr 12, The US Congress approved almost $79 billion to pay for the war in Iraq.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 12, Finance officials from the seven richest industrial countries, meeting in Washington, agreed to support a new UN Security Council resolution as part of a global effort to rebuild Iraq and promised to begin talks on reducing Iraq's massive foreign debt burden.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2003        Apr 12, In the 25th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US officials said 1,200 police and judicial officers will go to Iraq to help restore order. In western Iraq, US forces stopped a busload of men who had $630,000 in cash and a letter offering rewards for killing American soldiers. Baghdad Museum lost some 50,000 artifacts after 48 hours of looting. Unesco later reported 150,000 items lost with a combined value in the billions. It was later reported that losses were minimal and that curators had put away most valuables into vaults before the war began.
    (AP, 4/12/03)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.B1)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.D8)
2003        Apr 12, Lt. Gen. Amer al-Saadi (7 of diamonds), Saddam Hussein's science adviser, surrendered to US military authorities. He insisted Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction and that the invasion was unjustified.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 12, Rescued POW Jessica Lynch returned to the United States after treatment at a U.S. military hospital in Germany.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2003        Apr 12, Women's activists took their fight against the all-male Augusta National as close as they could get to the Masters tournament.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2003        Apr 12, In eastern Afghanistan a car packed with explosives exploded, killing four people who apparently were planning a terrorist attack.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, In northern Bangladesh up to 100 people were reported missing after a ferry capsized in the Nagchinni River. Searchers recovered the bodies of victims, bringing the death toll to 16.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, Belgium's Prince Laurent married English-born commoner Claire Coombs in an elaborate state ceremony.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 12, Canada reported 3 more deaths from the deadly SARS virus, lifting the national toll to 13. 274 probable or suspect cases have been reported across Canada, up from 266. Canadian scientists reported that they had broken the genetic code of the SARS virus.
    (AP, 4/13/03)(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 12, In San Pedro Sula, northern Honduras, gunmen opened fire on a restaurant killing 11 people and wounding 7 others in what police said appeared to be a dispute between rival drug gangs.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 12, Some 83.8% of voters in Hungary agreed to be part of the historic eastward expansion of the European Union.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, Malta held parliamentary elections. PM Eddie Fenech Adami won and said his nation will go ahead with European Union membership.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, Mexican army troops manning a roadblock near the Arizona border seized a truck packed with more than four tons of marijuana.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, In Nigeria parliamentary elections took place for 469 seats in the House and Senate. 61 million voters were registered. The ruling party led legislative elections, but violence accompanying voting in the oil-rich south left at least two dozen people dead.
    (WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A8)(AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 12, North Korea hinted it could accept US demands for multilateral talks to discuss the communist country's suspected nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 4/12/03)

2003        Apr 13, In Columbus, Ohio, a fire at a student-rented house left 5 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 13, The environmental Goldman Prize winners included Pedro Arroyo-Agudo (Spain); Von Hernandez (Philippines); Odigha Odigha (Nigeria); Eileen Wani Wingfield and Eileen Kampakuta (Australia); Julia Bonds (US); Maria Elena Foronda Farro (Peru).
    (SFC, 4/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 13, Mike Weir became the first Canadian to win the Masters after the first sudden-death playoff in 13 years.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2003        Apr 13, In northern Greece a bus carrying high school students crashed on a mountain road, killing 21 people and injuring about 30 others.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 13, In the 26th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Army engineers worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led forces announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half-brother of and adviser to Saddam Hussein. After three weeks of captivity, seven US POW's, including Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, were released by Iraqi troops near Tikrit, Iraq.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 13, Israel's PM Ariel Sharon in a published interview said Israel will hand over some Jewish settlements for peace, but the Palestinians must give up their demand that refugees be allowed to return to their former homes.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 13, In the southern Philippines some 40 Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters attacked soldiers in Barira. The firefight left 12 guerrillas and possibly 3 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)

2003        Apr 14, In the 27th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops poured into Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit and fought pockets of hard-core defenders. Iraqis and US troops began jointly patrolling the streets of Baghdad to quell the lawlessness. US commandos in Baghdad captured Abul Abbas, the leader of the violent Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner Achille Lauro in 1985. Abbas died in 2004 while in US custody.
    (AP, 4/14/03)(AP, 4/15/03)(AP, 4/14/04)
2003        Apr 14, In New Orleans a gunman with an AK-47 shot a killed one boy (15) at the John McDonough High School. 3 teenage girls were wounded. 4 suspects were arrested in the gang-related shooting.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A4)
2003        Apr 14, Scientists reported that the human genome map was finished with an accuracy of nearly 100% following 13 years of work.
    (WSJ, 4/15/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 14, The US EPA launched an investigation into perfluorooctanoic acid, an ingredient in teflon, for possible health risks to humans.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)
2003        Apr 14, The US followed the lead of 14 European countries and lifted a travel ban imposed last November on the president and seven top ministers of Belarus over alleged human rights violations in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, A boat off the coast of the Dominican Republic loaded with more than 100 Haitian migrants struck a reef and capsized after drifting nearly a week, killing 4 passengers.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, In Finland 3 political parties agreed to form a center-left government led by Anneli Jaatteenmaki.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 14, In eastern India Communist guerrillas staged two separate attacks on police, killing eight officers.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, Four Islamic militants were convicted in a deadly bombing outside the U.S. Consulate in Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/14/04)
2003        Apr 14, Sierra Leone began holding truth commission public hearings across the nation.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, In Somaliland elections incumbent Dahir Riyaleh Kahin was re-elected president of the breakaway republic by 80 votes. The opposition candidate said he would not accept the results.
    (AP, 4/20/03)

2003        Apr 15, Baseball umpire Laz Diaz was attacked by a fan during a game between the Kansas City Royals and Chicago White Sox; the fan, Eric Dybas, was later sentenced to six months in jail and 30 months probation.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2003        Apr 15, US and Canadian officials announced the disruption of a major methamphetamine supply system. An 18-month investigation netted 67 arrests.
    (WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 15, Theodore Weiss (b.1916), poet and teacher at Princeton, died. He and his wife had edited the Quarterly Review of Literature for nearly 60 years.
    (SFC, 4/21/03, p.B5)
2003        Apr 15, In Chechnya 16 people, mostly female construction workers, were killed last week in a bus explosion. The incident was not reported until Apr 21.
    (AP, 4/21/03)
2003        Apr 15, Finnish lawmakers appointed Anneli Jaatteenmaki the country's first female prime minister, making Finland the only state in Europe with women as president and premier.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 15, US forces about this time cut off oil flow from Iraq to Syria. Oil flow had reached 130,000 barrels a day providing both countries over $10 million a month in profits.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.A18)
2003        Apr 15, In the 28th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom selected Iraqi leaders met with retired US Lt. Gen. Jay Garner to shape a new government with 13 goals, the 1st being "Iraq must be democratic." Secretary of State Colin Powell said the United States has no plans to go to war with Syria. Looters and arsonists ransacked and gutted Iraq's National Library and the principal Islamic library. Marines came under fire while seizing an airstrip on the outskirts of Tikrit. 7 Iraqis died when American troops opened fire to keep an angry crowd from storming a government complex in Mosul. US troops in Baghdad arrested Abul Abbas, head of the Palestinian terrorist group that attacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in 1985.
    (AP, 4/15/03)(SFC, 4/16/03, p.A1, A16)(AP, 4/15/04)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 15, US forces signed a cease-fire agreement with the People's Mujahedeen (Mujahedeen Khalq), a designated terrorist organization. The Iranian group had an estimated 10,000 members and was led by a woman.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A10)
2003        Apr 15, Israeli-Palestinian clashes in Gaza and the West Bank left 6 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/16/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 15, Slovakia Pres. Rudolf Schuster signed an accession document committing Slovakia to joining NATO, the next-to-last step on the long road to membership in the military alliance.
    (AP, 4/15/03)

2003        Apr 16, During a visit to a fighter jet factory in St. Louis, President Bush called for lifting economic sanctions against Iraq as commanders of both the U.S. military and the reconstruction effort prepared to move into the country.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2003        Apr 16, The Bush administration lowered the terror alert level from orange to yellow.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 16, Michael Jordan played his last NBA game with the Washington Wizards, who lost to the Philadelphia 76ers, 107-87.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2003        Apr 16, In the 29th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom Shooting in Mosul killed three people and wounded at least 11 and some Iraqis blamed US troops. War casualties totaled 121 US soldiers with 16 from friendly fire; 31 British troops with at least 4 from friendly fire; at least 3,160 Iraqi soldiers dead along with over 1,250 Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 4/16/03)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 16, Colorado Republican Gov. Bill Owens signed a law that established the 1st state school voucher program.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 16, NATO agreed to take command of the UN peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan. The NATO stabilization force soon started in Kabul and then spread across the country.
    (AP, 4/16/03)(Econ, 3/28/09, p.69)
2003        Apr 16, In Afghanistan Romanian troops found a large stash of weapons. Two caves there were stuffed with thousands of rockets and more than 1.25 million rounds of ammunition.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 16, In Jahangir, Brazil, 4 young men were killed by police in the Borel shantytown on Rio's poor north side. The community was unanimous that they were not gang members and had no involvement in crime. More than 800 civilians died from police bullets in Rio during the first eight months of this year. In 2006 Capt. Marcos Duarte Ramalho was the third police officer to stand trial and the first to be convicted in connection with the killings. Two more officers awaited trial for the killings.
    (AP, 11/10/03)(AP, 10/20/06)
2003        Apr 16, US, Chinese and North Korean officials announced talks in Beijing to try to resolve standoff over North's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 16, Leaders of 25 European nations gathered in Athens to sign treaties sweeping away the 20th century's Iron Curtain divide. The 10 new EU members will formally join May 1, 2004 following ratification of treaties.
    (AP, 4/16/03)
2003        Apr 16, SARS deaths totaled some 154 with at least 3,412 affected in 22 countries. A World Health Organization team disclosed that there were unreported cases of the SARS virus in Beijing's military hospitals and that investigators have been barred from releasing details.
    (SFC, 4/16/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 16, Greek Cypriots signed a treaty to join the European Union.
    (SSFC, 4/27/03, A6)
2003        Apr 16, Scientists announced that the US military sprayed roughly 1.8 million more gallons of dioxin-containing herbicides like Agent Orange in Vietnam (1961-1971) then had been previously estimated. 3,181 villages were sprayed directly with herbicides. "At least 2.1 million but perhaps as many as 4.8 million people would have been present during the spraying."
    (Reuters, 4/17/03)

2003        Apr 17, Denver police reached an agreement with the ACLU to end the practice of keeping files on protesters.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 17, Bechtel was awarded a contract for up to $680 million to rebuild Iraqi infrastructure.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 17, It was reported that scientists had linked a single gene mutation to the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome that makes children age prematurely.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 17, Dr. Robert C. Atkins (72), cardiologist, died in NYC from a fall on ice. In 1972 he published his weight loss plan "Dr. Atkins' Diet Revolution," which allowed patients to eat fat but restricted carbohydrates. A medical report in 2004 said Atkins weighed 258 pounds at his death and that he had a history of congestive heart failure. Atkins weighed 195 pounds when he fell on ice, but gained some 63 pounds from fluids during efforts to revive him.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/10/04, p.D1)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.B3)
2003        Apr 17, Sir William Gunn (89), a sheep farmer who took over his family's flock as a teenager and rose to become one of the most powerful men in Australian agriculture, died.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 17, Sir J. Paul Getty Jr. (70), reclusive American-born billionaire philanthropist and art lover who became a British citizen late in life, died in London.
    (AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 17, Graham Stuart Thomas (94), who reintroduced many forgotten plants to British and American gardens, died. His books included "Old Shrub Roses" and the meticulously illustrated "The Garden Through the Year."
    (AP, 4/28/03)
2003        Apr 17, In central Cuba a bus and a semi truck collided on a highway, killing at least 30 people and injuring 71.
    (AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 17, John Latsis (b.1910), the last of Greece's shipping billionaires from the post-war boom years, died. His staggering wealth was used to aid the needy and gain access to world leaders.
    (AP, 4/17/03)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A24)
2003        Apr 17, India reported it 1st case of SARS.
    (WSJ, 4/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 17, In the 30th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces released more than 900 Iraqi prisoners, beginning the process of sorting through the thousands detained in the war. Coalition forces still held 6,850 prisoners. The Bush administration planned to send in a 1,000-man team to search for weapons of mass destruction. US Special Forces captured Barzan Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti (5 of clubs), a half brother of Saddam Hussein. He was 3rd the list of 55 former Iraqi officials wanted by the US. The US Mobile Exploitation Team Alpha (MET Alpha) found an Iraqi scientist who led them to sites that contained precursors for a banned toxic agent. A riot broke out at a Baghdad bank after thieves blew a hole in the vault and dropped children in to bring out fistfuls of cash. US troops calmed the situation by arresting the thieves and removed $4 million in US dollars for safekeeping.
    (AP, 4/17/03)(AP, 4/18/03)(WSJ, 4/17/03, p.A3)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A12)(SFC, 4/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 17, The Ivory Coast new unity government held its first Cabinet meeting with newly sworn-in rebel ministers, even as the rebels accused the government of new attacks.
    (AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 17, A Dutch veterinarian (57) died from avian influenza 2 days after working on a farm where animals were infected with the bird flu. He was believed to be the 1st victim of the current epidemic.
    (WSJ, 4/21/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 17, Sergei Yushenkov (52), co-chairman of the Liberal Russia Party, was shot to death in front of his home in Moscow.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A6)
2003        Apr 17, Rafiq Jwaijatti (81), a former Syrian ambassador to the US and a renowned Syrian literary figure, died in Paris.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2003        Apr 18, Scott Peterson was arrested in San Diego for the death of his wife, Laci, who was eight months pregnant when she vanished on Christmas Eve. Genetic testing proved that two bodies found Apr 13-14 near the SF Bay Berkeley Marina were Laci Peterson and her baby. [see Dec 24, 2002]
    (AP, 4/19/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 18, Burt Rutan, aircraft designer, unveiled SpaceShipOne, a rocket-powered spacecraft. He hoped to win the $10 million 1996 X Prize, offered for the 1st private launch of 3-people to an altitude of 62.5 miles twice in 2 weeks.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A2)
2003        Apr 18, In the Florida Keys at least 28 pilot whales stranded themselves and 5 were reported dead.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A4)
2003        Apr 18, Iraqi opposition leader Ahmad Chalabi said he expects an Iraqi interim authority to take over most government functions from the U.S. military in "a matter of weeks rather than months." Protesters marched in Baghdad denouncing US presence. Kurds were reported expelling Arab families from towns and villages where they had lived decades ago.
    (AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 18, Samir Abd al-Aziz al-Najim (4 of clubs), a senior leader of the shattered Baath party, was handed over to US forces overnight by Iraqi Kurds near the northern city of Mosul. US troops in Baghdad uncovered numerous boxes of UC currency estimated at $650 million.
    (AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 18, Videotape was shot by a Minnesota television crew traveling with U.S. troops in Iraq when they first opened the bunkers at the Al-Qaqaa munitions base nine days after the fall of Saddam Hussein. The tape shows what appears to be high explosives still in barrels and bearing the markings of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
    (AP, 10/29/04)
2003        Apr 18, Iraqi police captured Hikmat Ibrahim al-Azzawi (8 of diamonds), a deputy prime minister and number 45 on an American list of the 55 most wanted Iraqis.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 18, North Korea said it was ready to begin reprocessing more than 8,000 spent nuclear fuel rods. US experts said it will give the communist state enough plutonium to make several atomic bombs.
    (AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 18, At least 13 Filipino devotees were nailed to wooden crosses north of Manila in an annual Good Friday re-enactment of Jesus Christ's crucifixion.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 18, Poland signed a deal to buy 48 US-made F-16 jet fighters for $3.5 billion, the biggest defense contract by a former Soviet bloc country since the end of the Cold War.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 18, The IMF approved the release of $701 million in loans to Turkey, part of an $18 billion package approved in Feb 2002.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A12)
2003        Apr 18, In north central Venezuela a fight between inmates wielding homemade knives and machetes left 11 dead and 40 injured inside a maximum security prison.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2003        Apr 19, In northeast Pennsylvania Hadley Bilger (13) was abducted by her uncle after he shot and killed her parents. Bilger was released the next day and Robert Lee Hixson (42) surrendered to police.
    (AP, 4/20/03)(SFC, 4/21/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 19, US forces captured Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafar (4 of hearts), Saddam's scientific research minister.
    (AP, 4/21/03)
2003        Apr 19, In Brazil a tourist schooner with 64 people on board sank in a canal east of Rio de Janeiro, killing at least 11 people.
    (Reuters, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 19, In Burundi a mortar shell apparently fired from rebel positions in the hills northwest of Bujumbura crashed into a house, killing three children and wounding a woman and another child. The latest fighting has forced 50,000 people to flee their homes.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, Cameroon was reported to have banned gorilla, chimpanzee and elephant meat from its restaurants with prison terms and fines up to $16,000 for violations. Extermination of the animals in a decade was feared if hunting was not stopped.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.B6)
2003        Apr 19, In Colombian rebels kidnapped eight people on Mucura Island.
    (AP, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 19, Hong Kong reported 12 SARS patients died in a single day. Malaysia banned workers from Vietnam, which considered sealing its border with China due to the disease.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, India's prime minister acknowledged the government had manipulated elections in Indian-controlled Kashmir and promised residents it would not be repeated.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, The Israeli army killed 5 Palestinians and wounded around 70, many of them civilians, in a raid on the Rafah refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. Near the West Bank city of Qalqilya, soldiers shot dead a Palestinian who threw a petrol bomb at them.
    (Reuters, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 19, Nazeh Darwazeh (45), a cameraman with Associated Press TV News, was killed while covering skirmishes between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians who were throwing rocks and firebombs. He died of a bullet wound to the head and Palestinian witnesses said he was shot by an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, In Nigeria elections Pres. Olusegun Obasanjo, a former military ruler turned civilian statesman, sought a second term against some 20 other candidates. Obasanjo won 62% of 42 million votes. Opponents denounced the elections as fraudulent and claimed serious rigging in 16 of 36 states.
     (AP, 4/21/03)(WSJ, 4/22/03, A1)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.45)
2003        Apr 19, Striking Nigerian oil workers took about 100 foreign workers hostage on several offshore oil installations.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 19, A Pakistani helicopter flying over tribal areas in southern Pakistan came under fire from the ground, injuring three US officials and four Pakistani army personnel.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        cApr 19, In Sierra Leone an international war crimes tribunal indicted Augustine Gbao, a former rebel battlefield commander in the decade-long civil war declared over in 2002. He was the 8th person indicted by the special court.
    (AP, 4/20/03)

2003        Apr 20, An Australian navy vessel boarded a North Korean ship off Sydney and charged it with involvement in a $48 million heroin shipment to Victoria.
    (WSJ, 4/22/03, A1)
2003        Apr 20, After reporting a nearly tenfold increase in SARS cases in the capital, China announced the sacking of its top health official and the capital's mayor from key Communist Party positions. The number of infections in Beijing soared from 37 to 346.
    (AP, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 20, Chechen rebels opened fire on Russian troops, killing 7 soldiers and wounding 7 others.
    (AP, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 20, In Colombia the army said it killed 16 members of the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) in eastern Antioquia state.
    (AP, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 20, It was reported that the US planned a long-term military relationship with the emerging government in Iraq to include access to military bases in the region. US Army forces took control of Baghdad from the Marines in a changing of the guard that thinned the military presence in the capital. Celebrating Easter, the Reverend Emmanuel Delly, a longtime Iraqi bishop, pleaded for safeguards against the persecution of Christians in the new Iraq.
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/20/04)
2003        Apr 20, Jamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti (9 of clubs), son-in-law to Saddam Hussein and former deputy head of Iraq's tribal affairs office, left Syria and surrendered to members of the Iraqi National Congress.
    (AP, 4/21/03)
2003        Apr 20, In southern Kyrgyzstan a landslide swept through a village, killing 38 people.
    (AP, 4/20/04)
2003        Apr 20, In northern Laos gunmen opened fire at a bus, killing at least 12 people and injuring 30 others, in an attack officials with the communist government blamed on Hmong rebels.
    (AP, 4/21/03)

2003        Apr 21, The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) was established as the temporary governing body of Iraq. Retired Lt. Gen. Jay Garner, Pres. Bushs appointed post-war administrator, arrived in Baghdad. His priority was to restore basic services such as water and electricity.
    (AP, 4/21/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Apr 21, In San Francisco charges were filed against Marcus Armstrong, former information systems manager for the Dept. of Building Inspection, for bribes of close to $450,000. City attorney Dennis Herrera had filed fraud and kickback charges against Government Computer Sales and  Armstrong in February. Cobra Solutions and TeleCon were added to the suit in April. On Feb 15, 2012, a SF jury awarded the city $24,000 in damages against Cobra Solutions and TeleCon.
    (SFC, 4/22/03)(SFC, 2/14/12, p.A7)(SFC, 2/16/12, p.C6)
2003        Apr 21, In the Boston marathon Robert Cheruiyot of Kenya won for the men (2:10:11) and Svetlana Zakharova of Russia won for the women (2:25:20).
    (WSJ, 4/22/03, A1)
2003        Apr 21, In Cleveland Amanda Berry (16) went missing. In 2013 she and two other kidnapped women were found alive in a residential area just south of downtown. 3 brothers were arrested.
    (AP, 5/7/13)
2003        Apr 21, AOL Time Warner sold its 50% stake in Comedy Central to Viacom for about $1.2 bil.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R9)
2003        Apr 21, Ninone Simone (b.1933), dubbed the high priestess of soul, died in France. She was born as Eunice Waymon in Tryon, NC., and had her 1st hit in 1959 with "I Loves You, Porgy." In 1992 Simone had authored her own memoir: I Put a Spell on You. In 2010 Nadine Cohodas authored Princess Noire: The Tumultuous Reign of Nina Simone.
    (SFC, 4/22/03, A21)(AP, 4/21/08)(SSFC, 2/14/10, p.F1)
2003        Apr 21, Luis Moreno Ocampo of Argentina, currently a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, was elected as the chief prosecutor of the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal, headquartered in The Hague.
    (AP, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 21, In Bangladesh two ferry boats capsized during tropical storms on different rivers, and hundreds of people were missing. MV Mitali, went down in the Buriganga River, and the ML Majlishpur ferry, carrying about 90 members of a wedding party, capsized in the Meghna River.
    (AP, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 21, State-run media in China reported the government had dismissed Beijing's mayor following the disclosure of a steep increase in SARS cases in the Chinese capital.
    (AP, 4/21/04)
2003        Apr 21, China (13) and Hong Kong (6) reported 19 new deaths from SARS.
    (SFC, 4/22/03, A3)
2003        Apr 21, Estonia was reported to rank No. 2 in Internet banking and 3rd in e-government.
    (SFC, 4/21/03, p.E3)
2003        Apr 21, Muhammad Hamza al-Zubaydi (queen of spades), was captured by the Iraqi opposition. He was known as Saddam's "Shiite Thug" for his role in Iraq's bloody suppression of the Shiite Muslim uprising of 1991.
    (AP, 4/22/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003        Apr 21, In Uruapan, western Mexico, gunmen disguised as police killed six members of a family in a suspected drug gang dispute.
    (AP, 4/21/03)

2003        Apr 22, President Bush announced he would nominate Alan Greenspan for a fifth term as Federal Reserve chairman.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2003        Apr 22, A new study reported that tea boosts the body's defenses against infections. L-theonine in black tea is broken down in the liver to ethylamine, a molecule that primes the response of the immune system.
    (SFC, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 22 American soldiers in Baghdad found $112 million sealed inside 7 animal kennels.
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A12)
2003        Apr 22, Felice Bryant (77), bluegrass song writer, died in Gatlinburg, Tenn.. She and her late husband wrote such tunes as "Bye Bye Love" and other Everly Brothers hits and "Rocky Top" (1968).
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A21)(AP, 4/22/08)
2003        Apr 22, France proposed that the UN suspend economic sanctions against Iraq, but continue to operate the oil-for-food program.
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A8)
2003        Apr 22, Hundreds of thousands of Shiite pilgrims marched to the holy shrine in Karbala, where Hussein, the grandson of Muhammad, was killed in the 7th century Battle of Karbala between a small group of his followers and the Umayyad Army.
    (AP, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 22, In Kashmir a bomb exploded beside a rural road, killing five people and injuring 12 others, as former Indian Home Secretary N.N. Vohra made a weeklong visit to the state to explore the possibility of talks with separatist groups.
    (AP, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 22, In Senegal nearly a million people traveled to Touba, the hometown of 19th-century religious leader Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba. Fearing his growing influence, the French exiled Bamba in 1895 to their other colonial holdings in West Africa. Bamba returned to Touba in 1902 to launch and guide one of Senegal's main Muslim brotherhoods, the Mourides, until his death in 1927.
    (AP, 4/22/03)

2003        Apr 23, American Airlines reported a $1-billion first-quarter loss.
    (AP, 4/23/04)
2003        Apr 23, US forces captured 4 more former Iraqi government officials, including 3 on the top wanted list: Muzahim Sa'b Hassan al-Tikriti (queen of diamonds), Gen. Zuhayr Talib Abd al-Sattar al-Naqib (7 of hearts), and Muhammad Mahdi al-Salih (6 of hearts).
    (SFC, 4/24/03, A14)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003        Apr 23, Guy Mountfort, ornithologist and co-founder of the World Wildlife Fund (1961), died. His books included "Portrait Of A Wilderness" (1958), "The Vanishing Jungle" (1969), "Saving The Tiger" (1981) and "Rare Birds Of The World" (1988).
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 23, In southern Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked a government office with rockets and automatic weapons, setting off a four-hour shootout that left two Afghan soldiers and three assailants dead.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 23, U.S. negotiators met with North Korean and Chinese representatives in Beijing for the first three-way meeting by the governments since the Korean War.
    (AP, 4/23/04)
2003        Apr 23, Beijing closed all its primary and secondary schools until at least May 7 due to the SARS epidemic.
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A16)
2003        Apr 23, A Chinese fuel tanker, "Daqing 767" carrying a 1000 tons of oil, sank and 3 crew members were missing after the vessel collided in heavy fog with another ship off China's southeastern coast.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 23, Colombia and Venezuela agreed Wednesday to build a $120 million pipeline to deliver natural gas to northeastern Colombia and western Venezuela.
    (AP, 4/23/03)
2003        Apr 23, In Cyprus Turkish Cypriot leaders lifted travel restrictions across the 1974 buffer zone separating the Greek and Turk sides.
    (SSFC, 4/27/03, A6)
2003        Apr 23, Paris police arrested 28 airport workers for allegedly stealing digital cameras, perfumes, jewelry, clothing and other goods from the bags of travelers.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 23, A mudslide in western Guatemala killed seven people and left more than a dozen missing.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 23, In northern Uganda rebels waging a 16-year insurgency attacked two villages and abducted more than 180 people.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 23, The WHO added Toronto to its list of places to avoid due to SARS. Global health officials warned travelers to avoid Beijing and Toronto, where they might get the SARS virus and export it to new locations.
    (SFC, 4/24/03, A1)(AP, 4/23/04)
2003        Apr 23, In Zimbabwe many banks, factories and stores were forced to close as workers stayed off the job to protest a government increase gasoline prices.
    (AP, 4/23/03)

2003        Apr 24, A new Cesar Chavez stamp was issued by the US postal service.
    (SFC, 4/25/03, A27)
2003        Apr 24, In Red Lion, Pa. James Shetts (14), a student armed with at least two handguns, fatally shot Eugene Segro (51), his school principal, in a crowded cafeteria before killing himself.
    (Reuters, 4/24/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A7)
2003        Apr 24, Canada banned cod fishing off the Atlantic provinces and Quebec due to the collapse of cod stocks.
    (SFC, 4/25/03, A8)
2003        Apr 24, China shut down a major hospital in Beijing and put more than 2,000 employees under observation for severe acute respiratory syndrome. The global death toll from SARS surpassed 260
    (AP, 4/24/04)
2003        Apr 24, In Congo at least 60 members of the Lendu tribe were killed by the rival Hema in the Ituri region near the Uganda border. The attack was ordered by Hema militia leader Chief Yves Kahwa Mandro. The Lendu then killed about 60 Hema who were fleeing to Uganda to escape ongoing violence.
    (AP, 4/28/03)
2003        Apr 24, Iceland opened a filling station for hydrogen-powered vehicles.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 24, Tariq Aziz (8 of spades), Iraqi deputy prime minister, surrendered to US forces.
    (AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A1)
2003        Apr 24, Japanese scientists reported that a new vitamin that plays an important role in fertility in mice and may have a similar function in humans. They said Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a substance discovered in 1979, can be categorized as a vitamin.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 24, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed Alexander Kostyuk (23), a security guard, in a rush-hour attack at an Israeli train station. Israeli forces on patrol killed 2 Palestinians in Qarawat Bani Zeid.
    (AP, 4/24/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A3)
2003        Apr 24, In the Turks and Caicos Islands the governing party narrowly held on to power in elections, giving Chief Minister Derek Taylor an unprecedented third term.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2003        Apr 25, The Pentagon announced that Army Secretary Thomas White, whose tenure as civilian chief of the military's largest service was marked by tensions with his boss, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, was leaving office.
    (AP, 4/25/04)
2003        Apr 25, Georgia lawmakers voted to scrap the Dixie cross from the state's flag.
    (AP, 4/25/04)
2003        Apr 25, Nuclear talks in Beijing ended after U.S. officials said North Korea claimed to have nuclear weapons and might test, export or use them.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, Beijing reported 180 new SARS infections and 5 deaths. Some 2,000 people at the People's and Ditan Hospitals were quarantined.
    (SFC, 4/26/03, A3)
2003        Apr 25, Farouk Hijazi, who once helped run Saddam Hussein's intelligence service and was linked to al-Qaida, was delivered by Syria to US forces.
    (AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A1)
2003        Apr 25, Fighters from Sierra Leone and Liberia killed rebel leader Sgt. Felix Doh near the town of Gbinta, in western Ivory Coast.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 25, In the northern state of Kashmir a powerful explosion ripped through a courthouse, killing three people and injuring 34.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, A Pakistani army helicopter crashed into a mountain in northern Pakistan, killing all 13 military personnel on board.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, The Philippines reported its first deaths from SARS; Taiwan authorities quarantined over 1,100 doctors, nurses and patients in a hospital and Asian health chiefs met on ways to tackle the deadly flu-like disease.
    (Reuters, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, In South Africa Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the fiery anti-apartheid leader and ex-wife of former President Nelson Mandela, was sentenced to four years in prison for her conviction on fraud and theft charges.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, UN agencies reported that malaria kills 3,000 children a day in Africa and robs the continent of millions of dollars in lost productivity, even though the disease could be controlled with nets costing $5 and other simple measures.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2003        Apr 26, Charlton Heston (78), diagnosed with symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, made his last appearance as president of the National Rifle Association during a convention in Orlando, Fla., where he briefly thanked the membership. Kayne Robinson took over. In 2006 Emilie Raymond authored From My Cold, Dead Hands: Charlton Heston and American Politics.
    (SSFC, 4/27/03, A8)(AP, 4/26/04)(WSJ, 9/2/06, p.P9)
2003        Apr 26, In Washington state Crystal Brame (35), the wife of Tacoma Police Chief David Brame (44), was in critical condition with a gunshot wound to the head after being shot by her husband, who then turned the gun on himself.
    (AP, 4/27/03)
2003        Apr 26, It was reported that a methillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) had begun infecting healthy people through skin contact.
    (SFC, 4/26/03, B8)
2003        Apr 26, David Lavender (93), American Western historian, died in Ojai, Ca. His books included "The Great Persuader," a biography of railroad magnate Collis P. Huntington (1970).
    (SFC, 4/28/03, B4)
2003        Apr 26, Health ministers from across east Asia came up with a joint plan to fight SARS during a meeting, and hundreds of medical workers in Beijing were forced to sleep in their offices because of hospital-wide quarantines. The death toll climbed to 122 and a new 1,000-bed Beijing hospital was built in 5 days.
    (AP, 4/26/03)(SSFC, 4/27/03, A1)
2003        Apr 26, A Colombian school teacher was found shot to death, days after she was kidnapped, allegedly by leftist rebels who sought to force her father to kill an enemy fighter.
    (AP, 4/26/03)
2003        Apr 26, In Iraq attackers fired into an ammunition dump guarded by Americans on Baghdad's southeastern outskirts, setting off thunderous explosions that killed at least six Iraqis and wounded four. As many as 40 were thought killed.
    (AP, 4/26/03)(SSFC, 4/27/03, A18)
2003        Apr 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a car bombing and ensuing gunbattle at the offices of state-run radio and television killed 3 suspected Islamic militants and 2 soldiers. A boat carrying 30 schoolchildren capsized in a mountain waterway in Kashmir, drowning at least three, police said. 21 other children were missing.
    (AP, 4/26/03)
2003        Apr 26, Russia launched a Soyuz rocket carrying American astronaut Edward Lu and Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko to keep the intl. space station operating while Shuttle flights are suspended.
    (WSJ, 4/28/03, A1)(AP, 4/26/08)
2003        Apr 26, In Sri Lanka Bastiampillai Deogupillai (86), a former bishop of the troubled northern city of Jaffna, has died. Deogupillai had aided tens of thousands of people during Sri Lanka's 19-year civil war.
    (AP, 4/27/03)

2003        Apr 27, Kevin Millwood pitched his first career no-hitter to lead the Philadelphia Phillies over the San Francisco Giants 1-0.
    (AP, 4/27/04)
2003        Apr 27, Peter Stone (73), screen and stage writer died in New York.
    (AP, 4/27/04)
2003        Apr 27, In Argentina former President Carlos Menem (72) finished first in presidential elections but failed to win an outright victory in his comeback bid, setting up a runoff vote with Nestor Kirchner, governor of Patagonia.
    (AP, 4/28/03)(SFC, 4/28/03, A3)
2003        Apr 27, In China's central Hunan province a wagon overturned and tumbled into a gully, killing 16 people and injuring seven others. In Beijing theaters, cafes and karaoke bars were closed as 126 new SARS cases were reported. Total confirmed cases in China rose to 2,914 with 131 deaths. 26 of China's 31 provinces were infected.
    (AP, 4/27/03)(WSJ, 4/28/03, A1)(SFC, 4/28/03, A1)
2003        Apr 27, Lt. Gen. Hossam Mohammed Amin al-Yasin (6 of clubs), chief Iraqi liaison with UN weapons inspectors, surrendered to US forces.
    (AP, 4/28/03)
2003        Apr 27, The U.S. military arrested the self-anointed mayor of Baghdad, Mohammed Mohsen al-Zubaidi, reflecting U.S. determination to brook no interlopers in its effort to build a consensus for administering Iraq.
    (AP, 4/27/04)
2003        Apr 27, In Indonesia a bomb ripped through a crowded terminal at Jakarta's main airport, wounding 11 people and sending hundreds of passengers fleeing from the building.
    (AP, 4/27/03)
2003        Apr 27, In Paraguay elections were held for a successor to Pres. Luis Gonzalez Macchi, a former Senate leader appointed president in March 1999 after the resignation of Raul Cubas amid a political crisis stemming from the assassination of the country's vice president. Colorado Party leader Nicanor Duarte (49) extended his party's 55-year grip on power, winning a presidential election by handily defeating two challengers seeking to tap building anger over the country's deepening economic crisis.
    (AP, 4/26/03)(AP, 4/28/03)(SFC, 4/28/03, A12)
2003        Apr 27, In Yemen parliamentary elections for 301 seats were marred by gunfights that wounded at least 15 people.
    (SFC, 4/28/03, A12)

2003        Apr 28, US soldiers opened fire on Iraqis at a nighttime demonstration against the American presence here after people shot at them with automatic rifles. The director of the local hospital said 13 people were killed and 75 injured. Amer Mohammed Rashid (6 of spades), known to UN weapons inspectors as the "Missile Man" and ranked 47th on the US most-wanted list of 55 members of Saddam's inner circle, surrendered.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 28, The US moved an air operation center from Saudi Arabia to Qatar.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 28, The United States pledged $4 million to help keep peacekeepers in the Ivory Coast in addition to the $5 million it has already given to ECOWAS.
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 28, Ten of the largest US Wall Street firms agreed to pay $1.4 billion to settle government charges involving abuse of investors during the late 1990s. Details of the settlement, which called for one of the largest penalties ever levied by securities regulators, will change the way major investment firms do business.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A1)
2003        Apr 28, In San Francisco Steve Jobs raised the curtain on the iTunes Music store.
    (SSFC, 4/28/13, p.D1)
2003        Apr 28, An environmental group reported that chemical perchlorate, the explosive ingredient in rocket fuel, was found in samples of lettuce traced to growers in southern California or Arizona. The Bush administration had already imposed a gag order on the EPA from publicly discussing perchlorate pollution.
    (SFC, 4/28/03, A1)(WSJ, 4/28/03, A3)
2003        Apr 28, Scientists reported the discovery of a type of mouse that appears to the have a genetic resistance to cancer.
    (Reuters, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 28, In Colombia Rafael Rojas, a 20-year veteran of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the commander of the group's 46th Front, surrendered and urged his former comrades to do the same.
    (AP, 4/28/03)
2003        Apr 28, On Saddam Hussein's 66th birthday, some 300 prominent Iraqis met in Baghdad under US direction to convene a national conference to create an interim government.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A1)(AP, 4/28/04)
2003        Apr 28, Japans Nikkei 225 stock prices hit bottom more than a decade after they first started falling.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.86)(http://tinyurl.com/6d5bz8)
2003        Apr 28, The Soyuz space capsule carrying a U.S.-Russian space crew docked with the international space station.
    (AP, 4/28/04)
2003        Apr 28, Ukraine's Pres. Leonid Kuchma signed a bill prohibiting media censorship amid claims by journalists that his administration is meddling in their work.
    (AP, 4/28/03)

2003        Apr 29, Pres. Bush embraced a plan for a $15 billion AIDS initiative that included money for groups that promote birth control and abortion.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A3)
2003        Apr 29, The US said it would withdraw all combat forces from Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A14)
2003        Apr 29, The governor of Virginia signed a tough antispam law that called for prison and asset seizures.
    (WSJ, 4/30/03, A1)
2003        Apr 29, Tyco Corp. reported some $1.2 billion in fresh accounting problems on top of some $265-325 million reported in March. [See Sep 29]
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R9)
2003        Apr 29, The World Health Organization ended its warning that travelers avoid Toronto, Canada.
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 29, China reported 9 more deaths and more than 200 new SARS cases, most of them in the capital Beijing.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 29, In Colombia the high court has stripped President Alvaro Uribe of the emergency powers he assumed last year to battle leftist rebels.
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 29, Croatian wartime army chief Janko Bobetko (84), hailed at home as a hero of Croatia's 1991 struggle for independence but charged with war crimes by a UN court, died.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 29, The leaders of France, Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg, all critics of the U.S.-led war on Iraq, agreed to beef up their military cooperation in an effort to make Europe's defense less reliant on the US.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 29, Indian troops raided a base of suspected Islamic militants in Kashmir, sparking a firefight that lasted more than five hours and resulted in 17 deaths.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 29, Pakistani police arrested six men linked to al-Qaida, including a Yemeni man, Tawfiq Attash Khallad (Waleed bin Attash), wanted in connection with the Sept. 11 attacks and the bombing of the USS Cole.
    (AP, 4/30/03)(WSJ, 5/1/03, A1)(AP, 4/29/04)
2003        Apr 29, The Palestinian parliament approved Mahmoud Abbas as prime minister, clearing the final obstacle to the launch of a U.S.-backed "road map" to peace.
    (AP, 4/29/04)
2003        Apr 29, A Palestinian suicide bombing killed 3 Israelis in a crowded Tel Aviv nightclub. The bomber, Asif Hanif (21), grew up in Britain. A 2nd bomber escaped.
    (AP, 4/30/03)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 29, Qataris voted on their first permanent constitution.
    (AP, 4/29/03)

2003        Apr 30, Donald Rumsfeld visited Iraq and hailed its liberation. US soldiers fired on anti-American protesters in the city of Fallujah; the mayor said two people were killed and 14 wounded.
    (AP, 4/30/03)(SFC, 5/1/03, A1)
2003        Apr 30, The U.S. Navy withdrew from its disputed Vieques bombing range in Puerto Rico, prompting celebrations by islanders.
    (AP, 4/30/04)
2003        Apr 30, Burundi's Tutsi minority handed over the presidency to Domitien Ndayizeye of the Hutu majority as part of the peace process aimed at ending 9 1/2 years of civil war.
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 30, In Israel some 700,000 workers closed down public services in an open-ended strike to protest proposed spending cuts and mass firings.
    (SFC, 5/1/03, A9)
2003        Apr 30, US Ambassador Dan Kurtzer met with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to present him with an internationally backed Mideast peace plan, that envisioned Palestinian statehood within three years. Mediators presented Israeli and Palestinian leaders with a new Middle East "road map," a U.S.-backed blueprint for ending 31 months of violence and establishing a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 4/30/03)(AP, 4/30/04)
2003        Apr 30, Mahmoud Abbas took office as Palestinian prime minister.
    (AP, 4/30/04)
2003        Apr 30, Libyan Foreign Minister Abdel Rahman Shalqam said his government accepted responsibility for the 1998 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.
    (SFC, 5/1/03, A7)
2003        Apr 30, North Korea was reported to be a country with 1.17 million military personnel, the world's 5th largest. Its air force had more than 1,700 aircraft and the navy more than 800 ships. In March Gen. Leon J. LaPorte said "North Korea maintains a substantial chemical weapons stockpile and a production capability that threatens both our military forces and civilian population centers in South Korea and Japan." In addition, he said, North Korea has the capability "to develop, produce and potentially weaponize biological warfare agents."
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 30, South and North Korea agreed in Cabinet-level talks to peacefully resolve the nuclear crisis on the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/30/03)

2003        Apr, The new magazine "Believer" published its 1st issue from 826 Valencia, SF, part of the Dave Eggers publishing family. The storefront featured a Pirate Supply Store  to conform with commercial zoning requirements. The backend featured tutoring services for school kids.
    (SSFM, 7/13/03, p.11)(SFC, 3/1/08, p.C2)
2003        Apr, Apple Corp. launched its iTunes music store to provide downloadable music for its iPod. Downloads were offered at 99 cents per track.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, p.70)(Econ, 11/14/09, p.18)
2003        Apr, A $4 million Peace Palace opened at the Univ. of Kentucky paid for by a local businessman. The Maharishi Mahesh Yogi pushed followers to build 200 similar palaces across the US and 3,000 worldwide.
    (SFC, 5/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr, Google acquired Applied Semantics. The AdSense name was originally used by Applied Semantics, a competitive offering to AdSense. The name was adopted by Google after Google acquired Applied Semantics.
2003        Apr, Officials at the Iraqi Embassy in Prague handed over weapons to Czech authorities. Iraqi spies had used a diplomatic vehicle to smuggle in the weapons for an attack on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. The weapons included an RPG-7 anti-tank missile, six machine guns and ammunition.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2003        Apr, Ali Shahin Brisam, general director of irrigation for Nasiriya, ordered the demolition of one dam and opened regulators in others to return water to the dried marshlands of southern Iraq. After 8 months marsh recovery jumped from about 7% of their original size to about 16%.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A6)
2003        Apr, Amrat Cola was launched in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.D1)

2003        May 1, Pres. Bush, standing on the USS Abraham Lincoln, a Navy aircraft carrier in San Diego, announced that "major combat operations in Iraq have ended." Bush landed on the carrier in a Navy S-3B jet and spoke below a banner that read Mission Accomplished.
    (SFC, 5/2/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)(WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)
2003        May 1, Sec. of Defense Rumsfeld visited Afghanistan and declared most of the nation secure. He said the 9,000 US soldiers there were engaged mainly in reconstruction.
    (WSJ, 5/2/03, p.A1)
2003        May 1, The US Navy withdrew from Vieques Island, Costa Rica.
    (AP, 5/1/03)
2003        May 1, In Utah climber Aron Ralston (27) amputated his own arm to escape from a canyon where he was pinned by a boulder.
    (SFC, 5/2/03, p.A18)
2003        May 1, A female homicide victim, Jane Doe, was found near a garbage bin at a restaurant in Castro Valley, Ca. She was buried Sep 17 as "Unknown child of God. Female, 12-17..." In 2006 police using DNA identified the girl as Yesenia Nungaray (16) and said she was from Yahualica, Mexico.
    (SFC, 9/18/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/9/06, p.B1)(SFC, 12/22/06, p.B3)
2003        May 1, Flooding hit northwestern Argentina and at least 13 people were killed and 50,000 driven from their homes.
    (AP, 5/2/03)
2003        May 1, The Australian stock market began trade in Australia's first-ever listed brothel, The Daily Planet. Shares began trading at 31 cents. Heidi Fleiss was on hand to promote the enterprise and her new book, "Pandering."
    (AP, 5/1/03)
2003        May 1, The British Joint Terrorism Analysis Center (JTAC) began operations.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.33)
2003        May 1, Thousands of people in Indonesia, South Korea and the Philippines celebrated May Day by protesting for higher wages, better hours and political change.
    (AP, 5/1/03)
2003        May 1, Three top members of Saddam Hussein's ousted regime: Mizban Khadr Hadi (military commander),  Abdel Tawab Mullah Huweish (director of the Office of Military Industrialization and a deputy prime minister in charge of arms procurement), and Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf (a Kurd who served as one of two ceremonial vice presidents), were captured.
    (AP, 5/2/03)
2003        May 1, Israeli troops raided a Hamas stronghold and exchanged fire with dozens of masked gunmen. At least 13 Palestinians were killed, including two boys ages 2 and 13. 2 Palestinian militants were killed in the West Bank.
    (AP, 5/1/03)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A8)
2003        May 1, In South Africa a bus believed to be carrying about 90 people plunged into a reservoir in South Africa. 10 survivors were rescued outside the town of Bethlehem. 51 people were killed.
    (AP, 5/2/03)
2003        May 1, A 6.4 magnitude earthquake rumbled through southeastern Turkey. 177 people were killed and 390 injured including 80 students were trapped in the debris of their school dormitory in Bingol.
    (AP, 5/1/03)(SFC, 5/1/03, A16)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A3)(AP, 5/4/08)

2003        May 2, A US official warned that the US is ready to sacrifice the free flow of trade with Canada if necessary to respond to a planned Canadian decriminalization of marijuana.
    (AP, 5/2/03)
2003        May 2, A federal court struck down most of the new campaign finance law's ban on the use of large corporate and union contributions by political parties. However, the Supreme Court later ruled that rooting out corruption, or even the appearance of it, justified limitations on the free speech and free spending of contributors, candidates and political parties.
    (AP, 5/2/04)
2003        May 2, The US jobless rate was reported at 6%, an 8-year high.
    (SFC, 5/3/03, p.B1)
2003        May 2, China reported an accident on a diesel-powered submarine that killed all 70 sailors aboard.
    (AP, 5/2/03)
2003        May 2, James Miller (34), a British journalist filming a documentary in the southern Palestinian city of Rafah, was shot and killed during an exchange of fire between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians. In 2006 a British jury ruled that the shooting was an act of murder.
    (AP, 5/2/04)(AP, 4/6/06)
2003        May 2, India and Pakistan agreed to hold talks and restore diplomatic and air links.
    (WSJ, 5/5/03, p.A1)
2003        May 2, Striking Nigerian oil workers released the first of hundreds of people they have held for days on oil rigs as part of an agreement to free all the captives.
    (AP, 5/2/03)
2003        May 2, In Papua New Guinea a landslide buried a meeting hall under mud and debris, killing at least eight people as they listened to election results.
    (AP, 5/3/03)
2003        May 2, In eastern Sicily Giuseppe Leotta (42), a disgruntled worker, opened fire with a handgun in the Aci Castello town hall, killing 5 people. He fled and then killed himself.
    (AP, 5/2/03)
2003        May 2, In Taiwan 11 more cases of SARS were confirmed with 5 new deaths. Confirmed cases totaled 100 with the death toll at 8. Mutations of the virus were also reported.
    (SFC, 5/3/03, p.A7)
2003        May 2, Chuwit Kamolvisit, A sex club operator in Thailand, was arrested for unlawfully demolishing a downtown Bangkok block housing scores of bars and shops to make way for another massage parlor, the Taj Mahal. He soon claimed to have spent about $289,156 each month in payoffs to policemen.
    (AP, 8/2/03)
2003        May 2, In Vietnam an aging Russian-made bus, carrying more than 40 passengers,  burst into flames. 6 people died and 70 were badly burned. Flammable cargo was suspected.
    (AP, 5/3/03)

2003        May 3, In the Kentucky Derby Jose Santos rode Funny Cide to victory.
    (WSJ, 5/13/03, p.A1)
2003        May 3, President Bush told a news conference in Crawford, Texas, it was a matter of when not if weapons of mass destruction would be found in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/3/04)
2003        May 3, The New Hampshire granite symbol called the "Old Man of the Mountain," 1,200 feet above I-93 (65 miles north of Concord), collapsed overnight into rubble.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A4)
2003        May 3, Suzy Parker (69), model and actress, died in Montecito, Calif.
    (AP, 5/3/04)
2003        May 3, The US picked a new head of Iraq's Health Ministry on Saturday, a Baath Party member, whose appointment was so critical that US officials designated the announcement "Public Notice No. 1."
    (AP, 5/4/03)
2003        May 3, In Baghdad, Iraq, schools re-opened for the 1st time since the start of war.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)
2003        May 3, In Cotonou, Benin, 16 people died in a late night concert stampede at the gates of the nation's Friendship Stadium.
    (AP, 5/5/03)
2003        May 3, It was reported that British researchers had shown that fish feel pain.
    (SFC, 5/3/03, p.B8)
2003        May 3, An apartment building collapsed in Cairo, killing 7 people with at least 5 more reported missing in the rubble.
    (AP, 5/4/03)
2003        May 3, The Ethiopian drought was reported to be the worst in 2 decades with millions of people forced to stand in line each day for food.
    (SFC, 5/3/03, p.B8)
2003        May 3, It was reported that half of Germany's bee colonies failed to survive the winter due to a mite that began spreading from Southeast Asia about 90 years ago.
    (SFC, 5/3/03, p.B8)
2003        May 3, In far eastern Russia a transport helicopter crashed as it returned from dropping water on a forest fire, killing all 12 people on board.
    (AP, 5/3/03)
2003        May 3, Pope John Paul II began a whirlwind visit to Madrid, Spain. He urged hundreds of thousands of young people outside Madrid to be "artisans of peace."
    (AP, 5/3/04)

2003        May 4, In Glenbrook, Ill., senior girls of Glenbrook North High engaged in a "powder puff" football game with junior girls that turned into a hazing melee that was caught on video and shown on national TV. Several seniors were later suspended for 10 days. A Civil Suit was later filed on behalf of 3 of the juniors girls.
    (SFC, 5/13/03, p.A4)
2003        May 4, New lab studies reported that the SARS virus can survive outside an infected body for hours to days.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A1)
2003        May 4, Idaho Gem, the 1st cloned mule, was born at the Univ. of Idaho.
    (SFC, 5/30/03, p.A2)
2003        May 4, Swarms of violent thunderstorms and tornadoes crashed through the nation's midsection, killing at least 30 people in Kansas, Missouri and Tennessee. 8 people were missing in Pierce City, Mo.
    (AP, 5/5/03)
2003        May 4, In eastern Bangladesh a tropical storm flattened hundreds of flimsy huts in several villages, killing 19 people.
    (AP, 5/5/03)
2003        May 4, Huda Salih Mahdi Ammash (49), a top biological weapons scientist and among the top 55 most wanted members of Saddam Hussein's fallen regime, was taken into custody.
    (AP, 5/5/03)
2003        May 4, Police in Baghdad, Iraq, returned to work in force.
    (AP, 5/4/04)
2003        May 4, In Ivory Coast a new cease-fire agreement took effect, just hours after rebels accused government forces of fresh attacks.
    (AP, 5/4/03)
2003        May 4, In Kenya floods caused by two weeks of heavy rain have washed out roads and submerged entire villages, killing at least 30 people and forcing thousands from their homes.
    (AP, 5/5/03)
2003        May 4, In the Philippines Muslim guerrillas attacked the town of Siocon in the southern province of Zamboanga del Norte, and took hostages as they withdrew from fighting that killed at least 22 people.
    (AP, 5/4/03)
2003        May 4, A Soyuz spacecraft safely delivered a three-man, US-Russian crew to Earth in the first landing since the Columbia space shuttle disaster.
    (AP, 5/4/03)
2003        May 4, In Spain Pope John Paul II proclaimed five new saints and urged Spaniards to emulate them. They included: Pedro Poveda, a priest killed in 1936; Angela de la Cruz, who founded the Sisters of the Company of the Cross; Genoveva Torres, who founded the Sisters of the Sacred Heart and of the Holy Angels; Maravillas de Jesus, who founded convents for the Order of Barefoot Carmelites, and Jose Maria Rubio, a Jesuit priest.
    (AP, 5/4/03)

2003        May 5, Tornadoes across Missouri, Kansas and Tennessee left at least 40 people dead. Tornado-packed storms flattened communities in four Midwestern states, killing 19 people.
    (SFC, 5/6/03, p.A3)(AP, 5/5/04)
2003        May 5, In Algeria Ahmed Ouyahia began a 2nd term as Prime Minister and held that position until May 24, 2006.
2003        May 5,  China said there were 160 new infections and 9 new deaths, similar to totals in the past several days. It has now recorded 4,280 cases, the bulk of the world's total. Beijing closed its schools for another 2 weeks.
    (AP, 5/5/03)(WSJ, 5/5/03, p.A1)
2003        May 5, In Colombia rebels killed Guillermo Gaviria, a state governor, Gilberto Echeverri, a former defense minister and 8 other hostages as army troops tried to rescue them; three hostages survived. In 2008 a court sentenced 9 rebel leaders in absentia to 40 years in prison for the killings.
    (SFC, 5/6/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/9/08)
2003        May 5, Hong Kong reported three more SARS deaths, for a total of 187, and 8 new infections. In Singapore SARS has killed 26 of the 203 people infected, a fatality rate of 12.8 percent, more than double the global average.
    (AP, 5/5/03)
2003        May 5, In Indonesia singer Inul Daratista's (24) grinding moves to Indonesia's "Dangdut" folk music have made her a celebrity in a matter of weeks. Religious conservatives demanded that she be banned from the stage.
    (AP, 5/6/03)
2003        May 5, Pakistan will get rid of its nuclear arsenal if rival India does as well, a Pakistani Foreign Ministry spokesman said.
    (AP, 5/6/03)
2003        May 5, In South Africa Walter Sisulu (b.1912), anti-apartheid hero, died. He brought Nelson Mandela into the ANC and together with Oliver Tambo formed the ANC Youth League in 1944.
    (AP, 5/6/03)   

2003        May 6, President Bush lifted Clinton-era sanctions (1993-1998) against Angola's UNITA rebels, citing the end of a quarter-century of civil war.
    (AP, 5/7/03)
2003        May 6, White House budget chief Mitchell Daniels announced his resignation.
    (AP, 5/6/04)
2003        May 6, Florida Senator Bob Graham launched his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination by accusing President Bush of retreating from the war on terrorism to "settle old scores" between the Bush family and Iraq's Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 5/6/04)
2003        May 6, Kmart Corporation emerged from bankruptcy after more than 15 months of Chapter 11 protection.
    (AP, 5/6/04)
2003        May 6, Six Algerian soldiers were killed when suspected Islamic fighters bombed their vehicle and sprayed the survivors with gunfire.
    (AP, 5/7/03)
2003        May 6, In northeastern India suspected separatist guerrillas killed 19 Bengali settlers in Tripura state.
    (AP, 5/6/03)
2003        May 6, Ghazi Hammud, Baath regional chairman in the Kut district, was put in custody. He is No. 32 on Central Command's list of the 55 most-wanted members of Saddam's regime.
    (AP, 5/7/03)
2003        May 6, The Liberian government announced that Sam Bockerie (39), a guerrilla RUF leader, was killed in a shootout with Liberian soldiers.
    (SFC, 5/7/03, p.A1)
2003        May 6, Saudi authorities seized a weapons cache and foiled plans by suspected terrorists. At least 19 men were sought.
    (SFC, 5/8/03, p.A1)
2003        May 6, It was reported that AIDS in Zambia had cut the average life expectancy to 33 years from 44 a decade ago. One in 5 adults was reported to have HIV.
    (WSJ, 5/6/03, p.A1)

2003        May 7, President Bush ordered U.S. sanctions against Iraq lifted, allowing U.S. humanitarian aid and remittances to flow into Iraq.
    (AP, 5/7/04)
2003        May 7, The White House announced President Bush had chosen New Mexico oilman Colin R. McMillan to be secretary of the Navy and Air Force Secretary James Roche to replace the dismissed secretary of the Army, Thomas White. However, McMillan died an apparent suicide the following July, while Roche's nomination was held up in Congress.
    (AP, 5/7/04)
2003        May 7, It was reported that scientists had altered a common cold virus to destroy a common brain tumor in mice.
    (WSJ, 5/7/03, p.D7)
2003        May 7, In Afghanistan Habibullah, a Muslim cleric close to U.S.-backed President Hamid Karzai, was killed outside a mosque in the village of Kalacha.
    (AP, 5/11/03)
2003        May 7, In Israel a Hamas militant was killed when a bomb exploded in his West Bank apartment. In northern Gaza a Hamas member was killed near a Jewish settlement. In the southern Gaza Strip a Palestinian toddler was killed from Israeli gunfire.
    (SFC, 5/8/03, p.A17)
2003        May 7, In northeastern India assailants killed 10 sleeping villagers and wounded six others in the second attack blamed on separatist guerrillas in two days.
    (AP, 5/8/03)

2003        May 8, The US Senate unanimously endorsed adding to NATO seven former communist nations: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
    (AP, 5/8/04)
2003        May 8,  The US House International Relations Committee narrowly approved the measure saying that any accord on immigration issues with Mexico should include an agreement to allow U.S. companies to invest in the state oil company Pemex. The measure is a nonbinding "sense of Congress" amendment and still needed to be approved by both houses of Congress.
    (AP, 5/11/03)
2003        May 8, A federal grand jury indicted Chinese-born California socialite Katrina Leung on charges that she'd illegally taken, copied and kept secret documents obtained from an FBI agent. A federal judge later dismissed the case against Leung, rebuking prosecutors for misconduct.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2003        May 8, Halliburton Corp., already under fire over accusations that its White house ties helped win a major Iraqi oil contract, has admitted that a subsidiary paid a multi-million dollar bribe to a Nigerian tax official.
    (AP, 5/10/03)
2003        May 8, In Oklahoma a tornado swept through Oklahoma City and flattened hundreds of homes. At least 104 people were injured.
    (SFC, 5/8/03, p.A10)
2003        May 8, The Michigan Wolverines were barred from the next postseason and put on three and a-half years' probation by the NCAA for a booster's payments to players dating to the Fab Five era.
    (AP, 5/8/04)
2003        May 8, Elizabeth Neuffer (46), an award-winning reporter for The Boston Globe, died in a car accident in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/10/03)
2003        May 8, Rival tribal fighters battled for control of a northeastern Congolese town, killing at least 21 people and forcing thousands to flee. Fighters of the Union of Congolese Patriots, a rebel group dominated by Hema tribesmen, had attacked Bunia in a bid to seize its airport
    (AP, 5/8/03)
2003        May 8, A Russian-built cargo plane lost a back door ramp over Congo, hurling more than 100 Congolese soldiers and their families to their deaths.
    (Reuters, 5/9/03)(AP, 5/8/04)
2003        May 8, In Honduras 2 gunmen with automatic weapons fatally shot Arnulfo Gutierrez (62), an honorary Belgian consul as he drove his car in San Pedro Sula. His wife was kidnapped March 18 as she left a San Pedro Sula beauty parlor.
    (AP, 5/8/03)
2003        May 8, In Hungary a passenger train collided with a double-decker bus, slicing the bus in two. At least 30 people were killed, all German tourists on the bus.
    (AP, 5/8/03)
2003        May 8, Israeli helicopters fired 3 missiles at a car in northern Gaza, killing a senior Hamas militant.
    (AP, 5/8/03)

2003        May 9, The US and its allies asked the UN Security Council to legitimize their occupation of Iraq and sought permission to use revenue from the world's second-largest oil reserves to rebuild the war-battered country.
    (AP, 5/9/03)
2003        May 9, The Republican-led House approved 222-203 a $550 billion tax cut package.
    (AP, 5/9/04)
2003        May 9, The Fizzer computer virus began circulating aided by its ability to propagate through the Kazaa file sharing network.
    (WSJ, 5/13/03, p.D3)
2003        May 9, In Cleveland, Ohio, Biswanath Halder (62), a camouflage-clad gunman, fired hundreds of rounds as he roamed the halls of the Case Western Univ. Weatherhead School of management, killing Norman Wallace (30), of Youngstown and wounding others. He was arrested after a 7-hour standoff. Halder was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/10/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 5/11/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/9/08)
2003        May 9, In Tyler, Texas, Deanna LaJune Laney (38) bludgeoned to death her 2 sons Joshua (8) and Luke (6). A toddler was in critical condition. In 2004 a jury found Laney legally insane.
    (SFC, 5/13/03, p.A6)(AP, 4/4/04)
2003        May 9, Russell Long (b.1918), U.S. senator from Louisiana, died. He was 1st elected to the senate in 1948 and served for over 32 years.
    (HN, 11/3/98)(SFC, 5/10/03, p.A13)
2003        May 9, In northern Iraq 3 U.S. soldiers were killed when their helicopter crashed into the Tigris River.
    (AP, 5/9/03)
2003        May 9, Japan launched a rocket carrying the Muses-C probe, which planned to make contact with asteroid 1998 SF36 in June of 2005.
    (SFC, 5/10/03, p.A7)
2003        May 9, Spain's highest court barred nearly 1,500 Basque nationalists from running in municipal elections, calling them camouflaged members of the outlawed party Batasuna.
    (AP, 5/9/03)

2003        May 10, The New York Times announced on its Web site that one of its reporters, Jayson Blair, had "committed frequent acts of journalistic fraud," according to an investigation conducted by the paper.
    (AP, 5/10/04)
2003        May 10, A Brazilian police SWAT team killed eight men in a shootout as they raided a shantytown looking for drug traffickers.
    (AP, 5/10/03)
2003        May 10, Colombia rebels in overnight attacks bombed a reservoir and energy towers, killing 3 security guards and cutting water to Cali and power to Buenaventura.
    (AP, 5/10/03)
2003        May 10, In northeastern Congo tribal militias battled for control of Bunia, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 5/11/03)
2003        May 10, Iceland voters re-elected David Oddsson, Europe's longest serving prime minister supporting his conservative economic policies rather than the progressive spending plans of the former Reykjavik mayor.
    (AP, 5/10/03)
2003        May 10, In northern India a fire raged through a garment factory, killing at least 12 people and injuring 70 others.
    (AP, 5/10/03)
2003        May 10, The leader of Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim group, Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim, returned triumphantly to his U.S.-occupied homeland after two decades in Iranian exile.
    (AP, 5/10/04)
2003        May 10, Lithuanians began casting ballots in a two-day referendum that could allow this nation of 3.5 million people to become the first ex-Soviet republic to vote itself into the EU.
    (AP, 5/10/03)
2003        May 10, In the Philippines a bomb exploded at a crowded market in a southern Koronadal city, killing at least 9 people with 41 injured. Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 5/11/03)

2003        May 11, The United States declared Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's Baath Party dead.
    (AP, 5/11/04)
2003        May 11, The Burundi army killed 23 Hutu rebels during fighting in central Burundi, but the insurgents claimed the dead were civilians.
    (AP, 5/13/03)
2003        May 11, Anson Carter scored at 13:49 of overtime to give Canada a 3-2 victory over Sweden and win its first world ice hockey championship since 1997.
    (AP, 5/11/03)
2003        May 11, In Lithuania's 2-day referendum to join the European Union 91 percent voted in favor of joining, while 9 percent voted "no." Election officials said more 64 percent of the nation's 2.7 million registered voters cast ballots over two days of voting this weekend. The country will become the first former Soviet republic to vote itself into the EU bloc.
    (AP, 5/11/03)(AP, 5/12/03)
2003        May 11, Montenegro held its 3rd presidential election in six months and former prime minister Filip Vujanovic, who favors independence from Serbia, won a landslide victory. He promised to hold a referendum in 3 years on whether to split with Serbia.
    (AP, 5/11/03)(AP, 5/12/03)(WSJ, 5/13/03, p.A1)
2003        May 11, A Palestinian gunmen killed an Israeli motorist in the West Bank and Israeli troops raided a Palestinian town.  Palestinian leaders put aside reservations to parts of the US-developed plan for peace and PM Mahmoud Abbas said Israel was ready to get started on it.
    (AP, 5/11/03)

2003        May 12, Fifty-nine Texas Democrats fled to a Holiday Inn in Oklahoma to thwart a Republican drive to redraw the state's congressional districts.
    (AP, 5/13/03)
2003        May 12, Chicago and Seattle launched 5-day homeland security drills costing an estimated $16 million.
    (USAT, 5/13/03, p.3A)(WSJ, 5/13/03, p.A1)
2003        May 12, L. Paul Bremer, the new American civilian administrator, took over the task of piecing Iraq together. He replaced retired Army Lt. Gen. Jay Garner. In 2006 Bremmer with Malcolm McConnell authored My Year in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/12/03)(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.P10)
2003        May 12, US officials said Rihab Rashid Taha, called "Dr. Germ" for her work with germ warfare agents, was reported to be in coalition custody. Ibrahim Ahmad Abd al Sattar Muhammad, No. 11 on the most-wanted list, was also reported in custody.
    (USAT, 5/13/03, p.11A)
2003        May 12, Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan (70), a wealthy philanthropist who held a string of top UN humanitarian posts and was the uncle of the spiritual leader of the Ismaili sect of Shiite Islam, died in Boston. Khan served as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (1965-1977).
    (AP, 5/13/03)(SFC, 5/15/03, p.A21)
2003        May 12, In Brazil some 1,000 other landless farmers knocked down the barbed-wire fences surrounding the Tres Marias ranch in southern Brazil, evicted its owner and claimed the land for themselves. 90 percent of the Brazil's land was owned by just 20 percent of the people, while the poorest 40 percent of the population held just 1 percent.
    (AP, 6/29/03)
2003        May 12, A British government doctor reported that the brains of at least 20,000 people, many of them depressed or mentally ill when they died, were removed without their families' consent from 1970-1999.
    (AP, 5/12/03)(USAT, 5/13/03, p.10A)
2003        May 12, In Toronto, Canada, Holly Jones (10) disappeared after she walked a friend home in broad daylight.  Less than 24 hours later, a man found some of the girl's remains in a gym bag off Ward's Island in Lake Ontario. More body parts were found some distance away on the mainland. Michael Briere (35) was arrested for the murder on Jun 20.
    (AP, 6/21/03)
2003        May 12, In northern Chechnya a truck bomb ripped through a government compound, killing 60 people and wounding some 300 others.
    (AP, 5/13/03)(WSJ, 5/19/03, p.A1)
2003        May 12, Haiti agreed to cut spending and stabilize its currency in a deal with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 5/13/03)
2003        May 12, Israel sealed the Gaza Strip, imposing the most sweeping restrictions in years, and its troops killed three Palestinians in clashes there.
    (AP, 5/12/03)
2003        May 12, The UN Security Council tentatively agreed to send peacekeepers to the Ivory Coast to help enforce an agreement aimed at ending nine months of civil war.
    (AP, 5/12/03)
2003        May 12, The Kurdish regional parliament in Erbil declared Apr 9, the date of the fall of Baghdad to US forces, as a national holiday.
    (USAT, 5/13/03, p.11A)
2003        May 12, North Korea declared that the 1992 agreement with South Korea to keep the Korean Peninsula free of nuclear weapons was nullified, citing a "sinister" U.S. agenda.
    (AP, 5/12/03)
2003        May 12, In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, multiple, simultaneous suicide car bombings at 3 foreign compounds killed 26 people, including 9 US citizens. The next day Saudi authorities linked Khaled Jehani (29) head of a 19-member al-Qaida team to the carnage. Ali Abd al-Rahman al-Faqasi al-Ghamdi, a senior al Qaeda figure, surrendered Jun 26. On Jan 8, 2004, 8 accomplices were arrested in Switzerland.
    (SFC, 5/14/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/14/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/03, p.A16)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A3)(AP, 5/12/08)

2003        May 13, The US government unveiled a new $20 bill with color added to help thwart counterfeiters. $130 million of counterfeit US money was estimated to be circulating globally. It began circulating in October.
    (USAT, 5/13/03, p.1B)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A1)
2003        May 13, A judge ruled that Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols should stand trial in state court on 160 counts of first-degree murder. Nichols was later found guilty on 161 counts; the 161st count was for the fetus of a pregnant victim. Nichols was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2003        May 13, Kathleen Aiello-Loreck (49), a mother of 3 from Antioch, Ca., was killed during a lunchtime stroll along the Contra Costa Canal Regional Trail in Concord. The next day John Kahler (32), who lived nearby, threw himself off the Golden Gate Bridge. On Sep 22 police in Indiana arrested Robert Ward Frazier (39) for the murder based on DNA evidence. On June 21, 2006, a jury convicted Frazier of murder, rape and sodomy. A judge sentenced Frazier to death on Dec 15, 2006.
    (SFC, 5/21/03, p.A15)(SFC, 9/26/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/22/06, p.B1)(SFC, 12/16/06, p.B3)
2003        May 13, Algerian army commandos freed 17 European tourists kidnapped in the Sahara Desert by an al-Qaeda-linked terror group, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat. 9 captors were killed and 15 hostages remained.
    (AP, 5/14/03)(Econ, 9/3/05, p.44)
2003        May 13, It was reported that coca production in Bolivia was on the rise due in part to a failed US-supported crop-substitution program.
    (WSJ, 5/13/03, p.A1)
2003        May 13, In eastern China a gas explosion ripped through a coal mine, killing at least 63 miners and leaving 23 others missing 1,500 feet underground.
    (AP, 5/14/03)
2003        May 13, L. Paul Bremer, the new US administrator in Iraq, reportedly authorized troops to shoot looters on sight. Rumsfeld said muscle would be used to stop looting.
    (SFC, 5/14/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)
2003        May 13, South Korea's military deployed soldiers and trucks to the world's third-busiest port to alleviate a crippling five-day truckers' strike.
    (AP, 5/13/03)

2003        May 14, Pres. Bush met for the first time with South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun; both leaders said they were united in seeking a Korean peninsula free of nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 5/14/04)
2003        May 14, In Texas Victoria County Sheriff's deputies found 17 people dead in and around a tractor-trailer rig at a South Texas truck stop. Another died at hospital. The victims were illegal immigrants. In 2006 a Texas jury convicted 3 US citizens for the suffocation of 19 smuggled immigrants in an airtight truck. In 2007 truck driver Tyrone Williams (36) was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the smuggling. In 2008 the last of 14 people indicted in the smuggling pleaded guilty. In 2010 Octavio Torres-Ortega was sentenced to 14 years in prison for his role in the smuggling operation. In 2011 Williams was resentenced to nearly 34 years after a federal appeals court overturned the multiple life sentences he had received.
    (WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/9/06, p.A1)(SFC, 1/19/07, p.A3)(SFC, 4/15/08, p.A3)(SFC, 6/8/10, p.A5)(SFC, 1/25/11, p.A6)
2003        May 14, Dave DeBusschere (62), basketball Hall-of-Famer, died in New York.
    (AP, 5/14/04)
2003        May 14, Robert Stack (84), the tough-guy hero of TV's "Untouchables" (1959-1963), died. His film debut was in 1939 with "First Love."
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2003        May 14, Dame Wendy Hiller (90), actress, died in Beaconsfield, England.
    (AP, 5/14/04)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0384908/)
2003        May 14, In Argentina Carlos Menem withdrew from the presidential elections making Nestor Kirchner, governor of Santa Cruz province, the new president-elect.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A12)
2003        May 14, A Belgian attorney filed suit against US Gen. Tommy Franks and Col. Brian P. McCoy for war crimes in the war in Iraq. The use of some 1,500 cluster bombs in Iraq was part of the suit.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A6)
2003        May 14, In Chechnya a female suicide attacker killed 18 people at a funeral service in an apparent attempt on the life of the Moscow-backed chief administrator (Akhmad Kadyrov).
    (AP, 5/14/04)
2003        May 14, In Iraq villagers pulled body after body from a mass grave in Mahaweel, exhuming the remains of up to 3,000 people they suspect were killed during the 1991 Shiite revolt against Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 5/14/03)
2003        May 14, An Israeli helicopter fired a missile into a crowd in a refugee camp in the Gaza Strip, wounding 30 people and killed three Palestinian policemen, after 10 Israeli soldiers were wounded nearby in a mortar attack.
    (AP, 5/13/03)
2003        May 14, In Italy Premier Silvio Berlusconi inaugurated the ambitious $4 billion "Moses" project to ease the flooding in Venice. Construction soon began on a breakwater for Venice to prevent high tides from entering its lagoon.
    (AP, 5/15/03)(Econ, 9/27/03, p.80)

2003        May 15, The three-year championship reign of the Los Angeles Lakers came to a decisive end as the San Antonio Spurs overpowered the Lakers 110-82 to win the Western Conference semifinal series 4 games to 2.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2003        May 15, Emergency officials rushed to a series of mock catastrophes in the Chicago area on the busiest day of a national weeklong exercise.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2003        May 15, Runaway Texas Democrats boarded two buses and returned home after a self-imposed weeklong exile in Oklahoma that succeeded in killing a redistricting bill they opposed.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2003        May 15, San Francisco attorney Stephen Joseph withdrew his recent suit against Kraft Inc. to stop the sale of Oreo cookies. He was satisfied with the media attention on the high trans fat content in the cookies and other products.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A3)
2003        May 15, Scott S. Sheppard of the Univ. of Hawaii reported 43 more moons around Jupiter and said he expects to find 50 more. The total number of Jupiter moons reached 80.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A9)
2003        May 15, June Carter Cash (73), the Grammy-winning scion of one of country music's pioneering families and the wife of Johnny Cash, died of complications from heart surgery.
    (AP, 5/16/03)
2003        May 15, Britain cancelled all flights to and from Kenya following US warnings of a possible terrorist attack.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A12)
2003        May 15, China threatened possible execution or jail sentences for people who cause death or injury by deliberately spreading SARS.
    (WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A1)
2003        May 15, Fleeing Congo civilians jammed roads out of Bunia by the thousands, trying to escape rival ethnic militias battling for control with mortars and machetes.
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2003        May 15, The Dominican government took control of the Caribbean nation's oldest and most respected newspaper and seized 70 radio and four television stations after Ramon Baez, banker and media baron, was charged with bank fraud.
    (AP, 5/15/03)(WSJ, 6/30/03, p.A1)
2003        May 15, French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin said in an interview that France wants "lies and calumny" published in both the U.S. and British press to stop.
    (AP, 5/16/03)
2003        May 15, The economies of Germany, Netherlands and Italy contracted during the first three months of 2003 as the European Union as a whole showed no growth for the first time in almost two years.
    (AP, 5/16/03)
2003        May 15, In northern India a fire engulfed the rear three coaches of a moving express train, killing at least 39 passengers and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2003        May 15, The Development Fund for Iraq was established to fund reconstruction projects with Iraqi oil revenue.
    (WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003        May 15, US Army forces stormed into a village near the northern city of Tikrit before dawn, seizing more than 260 prisoners, including one man on the most-wanted list of former Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2003        May 15, Israeli troops killed 5 people including 3 youths during a raid at Beit Hanoun aimed to stop Palestinian fighters from firing rockets into Israel.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A10)
2003        May 15, In Karachi, Pakistan, a series of explosions shook 18 Shell gas stations, slightly injuring four employees.
    (AP, 5/15/03)

2003        May 16, President Bush launched his re-election campaign.
    (AP, 5/16/04)
2003        May 16, The US Senate committed $15 billion to fight global AIDS. Congress approved the Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). In his Jan 28, State of the Union address Pres. George W. Bush had made a commitment to substantially increase US support for addressing HIV/AIDS worldwide.
    (AP, 5/16/04)(www.pepfar.gov/documents/organization/115411.pdf)
2003        May 16, Bosnia signed an agreement with the United States on Friday that exempts Americans from prosecution by a new international criminal court.
    (AP, 5/17/03)
2003        May 16, In northeastern Congo rival tribes fighting signed a cease-fire. There were over 100 confirmed killings and evidence of cannibalism.
    (AP, 5/16/03)(SFC, 5/20/03, p.A8)
2003        May 16, Slovak voters began a two-day referendum to reaffirm their nation's top foreign policy goal to be membership in the European Union.
    (AP, 5/16/03)
2003        May 16, In Morocco suicide attackers set 5 nearly simultaneous explosions in the heart of Casablanca, killing 33 people and a dozen suicide bombers at a Jewish community center, the Belgian consulate, a Spanish social club and a major hotel. The attackers all came from the shantytown of Carriere Thomas. In 2007 a Paris court convicted eight people of supporting the suicide bombers.
    (AP, 5/17/04)(SFCM, 3/27/05, p.10)(AP, 7/12/07)

2003        May 17, Funny Cide ran away from the field in the Preakness, two weeks after winning the Kentucky Derby. However, Funny Cide came up short at the Belmont Stakes, finishing third.
    (AP, 5/17/04)
2003        May 17, In G-8 talks at a Normandy resort the United States secured a commitment from the world's wealthiest nations and Russia not to demand that Iraq begin paying off its huge debts before 2005. The Paris Club's 19 members, which include the US, are alone believed to be owed an estimated $26 billion, not including interest accrued on the debt, most of which dates from the 1970s.
    (AP, 5/18/03)
2003        May 17, In southern China heavy rainstorms caused flooding killing 45 people and causing millions of dollars in damage to homes and crops.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 17, A German tour bus overturned on a French highway in heavy rain, killing at least 28 of the 74 people on board.
    (AP, 5/17/03)
2003        May 17, In Iraq US forces arrested Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti, former secretary of the Republican Guard (listed as No. 10 and the queen of clubs). Univ. students and teachers returned to their campuses.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A12)
2003        May 17, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up in the West Bank city of Hebron, killing an Israeli man and his pregnant wife.
    (AP, 5/17/04)
2003        May 17, Slovaks in a 2-day plebiscite voted to join the European Union. About 92 percent of voters approved EU membership, with a turnout of some 52 percent.
    (AP, 5/17/03)
2003        May 17, In south-central Sri Lanka flash floods and landslides killed at least 300 people and drove some 150,000 people from their homes.
    (WSJ, 5/19/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/21/03)
2003        May 17, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey will open its doors next week to Greek Cypriot tourists, signaling an end to a decades-long travel ban.
    (AP, 5/18/03)
2003        May 17, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re acknowledged that Pope John Paul II was suffering from Parkinson's disease.
    (AP, 5/17/04)

2003        May 18, "Les Miserables" closed on Broadway after more than 16 years and 6,680 performances.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2003        May 18, The US in a surprise reversal announced support for an int'l. treaty to combat tobacco use around the globe.
    (SFC, 5/19/03, p.A1)
2003        May 18, It was reported that many California community state pension expenses will soon exceed 40% of the public safety payroll.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.D3)
2003        May 18, Belgium held parliamentary elections. PM Guy Verhofstadt and his center-left coalition of free-market liberals and socialists. The Greens suffered a huge defeat in both Dutch-speaking Flanders and Wallonia. The socialists scored even stronger gains than their liberal coalition partners.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 18, In northeastern Congo the savagely killed bodies of 2 UN military observers were found after having been reported missing for several days.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 18, Ecuadorian anti-drug agents seized three tons of cocaine in one of the nation's largest drug seizures ever. In Oct 2001 police seized 3.2 tons in Guayaquil.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 18, In Indonesia 2 days of talks between separatist rebels and government officials ended with no agreement on how to salvage a faltering peace pact and avert war in the resource-rich province of Aceh. Pres. Sukarnoputri singed a decree authorizing 6 months of martial law and ordered 30,000 government troops to crush the 5,000 Aceh rebels.
    (AP, 5/18/03)(SFC, 5/21/03, p.A3)
2003        May 18, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a weekend of Arab-Kurdish violence left at least 11 people dead and a U.S. soldier wounded.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 18, A Hamas suicide bomber killed seven passengers on a Jerusalem bus, while a second bomber blew himself up on the city's outskirts. Israeli PM Ariel Sharon postponed a trip to Washington. Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip shot and killed a Palestinian man. On June 3, 2010, Steve Averbach (44), who had been hit by shrapnel on the bus and paralyzed from the neck down, died as a result of complications from his wounds.
    (AP, 5/18/03)(AP, 6/4/10)
2003        May 18, In the Philippines the Manila Water Co dumped large doses of the disinfectant into a reservoir serving the eastern part of the capital after the young man fell into an aqueduct while picking fruit.
    (Reuters, 5/20/03)
2003        May 18, Swiss voters agreed to modernize their armed forces, overhaul the country's civil defense and keep nuclear energy.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 18, Taiwan reported a record 36 new cases of SARS and 3 deaths.
    (SFC, 5/19/03, p.A3)
2003        May 18, In the Vatican Pope John Paul II celebrated his 83rd birthday.
    (AP, 5/19/03)

2003        May 19, The US Supreme Court dealt a defeat to the drug industry, ruling 6-3 that a state may try to force companies to lower prices on prescription medications for the poor and uninsured.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2003        May 19, In central Iraq 4 US Marines on a resupply mission were killed when their Ch-46 Sea-Knight helicopter crashed into a canal and a fifth drowned trying to save them.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 19, It was reported that a loose affiliation of people worked to coordinate Internet attacks on span generators. E-mail marketer Optinrealbig.com was one of those targeted.
    (WSJ, 5/19/03, p.A1)
2003        May 19, MCI agreed to pay investors $500 million to settle fraud charges that it acquired in its merger with WorldCom.
    (WSJ, 5/20/03, p.A1)
2003        May 19, In France more than 300,000 protesters marched in anger over government pension reforms and striking teachers prevented students from taking part of their high-school graduation exams.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 19, Indonesian war planes attacked a rebel base and troops parachuted into restive Aceh province as the military launched a major offensive just hours after peace talks broke down and the president imposed martial law.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 19, A Palestinian riding a bicycle blew himself up near an Israeli army jeep. A female suicide bomber detonated at the entrance to a shopping mall in Afula and killed 3 others in the 5th suicide bombing in 48 hours.
    (SFC, 5/20/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/19/04)

2003        May 20, The TV show "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" had its finale. Set in the fictional California town of Sunnydale, "Buffy" depicted high school as a literal Hell. The TV series began in 1997 based on a 1992 movie.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 20, The Bush administration raised the terrorism alert level to orange on and called for increased security nationwide.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 20, The United States banned all beef imports from Canada after a lone case of mad cow disease was discovered in the heart of Canada's cattle country.
    (AP, 5/20/04)
2003        May 20, Afghan governors signed an agreement with President Hamid Karzai to pay vital customs revenues to the central government. Karzai had threatened to resign due to lack of revenue payments.
    (AP, 5/20/03)(WSJ, 5/20/03, p.A1)
2003        May 20, Canadian agriculture officials said that it took 15 weeks -- from Jan. 31 to May 16 -- before a battery of tests ordered on a sickly, underweight cow that had been deemed unfit for human consumption proved it had mad cow disease. In 2004 investigators identified 68 British cattle as the probable source of Canada's mad cow cases.
    (AP, 5/20/03)(WSJ, 3/22/04, p.A1)
2003        May 20, In northern China a powerful gas explosion at the Yongtai mine, an unlicensed coal mine, killed 25 miners. On May 23 flooding in a coal mine in central China trapped 15 miners,
    (AP, 5/26/03)
2003        May 20, Indonesian troops killed or captured dozens of insurgents in its northwestern province of Aceh, the 2nd day of a major offensive aimed at destroying a separatist rebellion.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 20, Malaysia launched its government sponsored BioValley complex at a cost of $150 million. In 2005 the journal Nature reported it as a failed project.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.78)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BioValley_%28Malaysia%29)
2003        May 20, The first of more than 12,000 Somali Bantus awaiting resettlement set out for the US, leaving at long last the refugee camps where most have lived for a decade.
    (AP, 5/20/03)

2003        May 21, Ruben Studdard edged Clay Aiken to win the second "American Idol" competition on Fox TV.
    (AP, 5/21/04)
2003        May 21, Christie Whitman (56), former New Jersey governor, announced her resignation as chief of the Environmental Protective Agency.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A1)
2003        May 21, In Algeria a 6.7 earthquake struck near Algiers. More than 2,200 people were killed and thousands injured. Thenia, 40 miles east of Algiers, was worst hit.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/25/03)(SFC, 5/27/03, p.A12)
2003        May 21, American troops guarding the US Embassy in Kabul shot and killed four Afghan soldiers, apparently mistaking them for assailants.
    (AP, 5/21/03)
2003        May 21, In Barbados PM Owen Arthur's governing Labor Party won elections in a landslide victory that secured the party 23 seats in the legislature. The opposition Democratic Labor Party won seven seats in the 30-seat Parliament.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 21, In northeastern Congo the death toll from more than a week of tribal fighting rose to 280 people.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 21, In Iraq US forces captured Aziz Saleh Numan, former Baath regional command chairman for west Baghdad. He was No. 8 on the most wanted list.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.A20)
2003        May 21, Israeli troops shot to death 2 Palestinians including a mother of 8 during a clash at the West Bank village of Qarawat Bani Zeid.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A3)
2003        May 21, In Myanmar bombs exploded on the border with Thailand, killing four people.
    (AP, 5/21/03)
2003        May 21, The Mexican Justice Department said that 258 women had been killed since 1993 in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 21, NATO's 19 nations agreed unanimously to start planning to help Poland lead a multinational peacekeeping force in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/21/03)
2003        May 21, Taiwan reported 35 new cases of SARS for a total of 418 with 52 deaths.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A3)

2003        May 22, Annika Sorenstam became the first woman since Babe Didrikson Zaharias in 1945 to tee off against the men on the pro tour, playing in the first round of the Colonial golf tournament in Fort Worth, Texas. Sorenstam missed the cut the next day by four shots.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2003        May 22, LeBron James, high school basketball star, agreed to a deal with Nike worth more than $90 million.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 22, Maryland Gov. Robert Ehrlich signed a bill that reduced criminal penalties for seriously ill people who smoke marijuana to a maximum $100 and no jail time.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.A5)o
2003        May 22, NASA released the 1st photo of Earth taken from Mars, 86 million miles away. The record distance was a 1990 shot by Voyager 1 from 4 billion miles.
    (WSJ, 5/23/03, p.A1)
2003        May 22, In Colombia Government troops killed at least 29 rebels in a two-day battle in eastern Colombia.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 22, Iceland PM David Oddsson announced that he will step down in September 2004 in favor of the current foreign minister, who leads the other party in his coalition government.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 22, The UN Security Council overwhelmingly approved an end to 13-year-old sanctions against Iraq and gave the United States and Britain extraordinary powers to run the country and its lucrative oil industry. Security Council Resolution 1483 identified the US and Britain as occupying powers in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/22/03)(Econ, 4/19/08, p.102)

2003        May 23, Golfer Annika Sorenstam failed to make the 36-hole cut at the PGA Tour in Fort Worth, Texas, missing the cut by four strokes. She was the first woman to play in a PGA Tour event in 58 years.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2003        May 23, The US Congress gave its final approval to $330 billion in new tax cuts for families, investors and businesses. Congress passed a $350 billion, 10-year tax cut.
    (AP, 5/23/03)(WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)
2003        May 23, US defense officials reported that American troops had confiscated gold bars valued at $34 million from a truck in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 5/23/03)
2003        May 23, Another travel alert for Toronto, Canada, was issued following the report of 20 possible new cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
    (AP, 5/24/03)
2003        May 23, Researchers from China and Hong Kong identified a coronavirus in 3 wild mammals, palm civets, a raccoon dog and a ferret badger, sold in the live-animal food markets of South China.
    (SFC, 5/24/03, p.A1)
2003        May 23, In India officials reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least 198 people in the past eight days.
    (AP, 5/23/03)
2003        May 23, Israel's PM Ariel Sharon agreed to work with a US-backed peace plan to end 32 months of fighting and to set up a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 5/23/03)
2003        May 23, The Democratic Party in the Dutch Caribbean territory of St. Maarten won legislative elections, winning support for its platform of working with the regional government before seeking independence from the Netherlands.
    (AP, 5/24/03)

2003        May 24, The $16 million Nevada Museum of Art opened in Reno.
    (SFC, 5/27/03, p.D2)
2003        May 24, In Las Vegas Chris Moneymaker (27), an accountant, walked away with $2.5 million and the title of champion in the 34th annual World Series of Poker.
    (AP, 5/25/03)
2003        May 24, Furious crowds hurled debris and insults at Algeria's president Abdelaziz Bouteflika when he visited a town devastated by a deadly earthquake.
    (AP, 5/24/04)
2003        May 24, Ontario health officials said they were monitoring 33 people for the deadly SARS virus with another 500 in quarantine and warned that the number of suspected cases could grow in coming days.
    (Reuters, 5/24/03)
2003        May 24, British actress Rachel Kempson, matriarch of the Redgrave acting dynasty, died in Millbrook, N.Y., four days short of her 93rd birthday.
    (AP, 5/24/04)
2003        May 24, In China Chen Yongfeng (20), was arrested in Wenzhou on charges of killing and dismembering 10 people, who had made their living picking through garbage.
    (AP, 5/30/03)
2003        May 24, In Colombia Capt. Leonardo Moore disappeared while driving from Bogota to the southern city of Cali. He was freed in 2007 following a skirmish with ELN rebels.
    (AP, 2/9/07)
2003        May 24, In Iran some 130 reformist lawmakers called on Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to accept democratic reforms for the ruling establishment to survive.
    (AP, 5/24/03)
2003        May 24, Coalition forces captured two more wanted Iraqis: Sayf al-Din al-Mashadani, No. 46 on the list and Sad Abd al-Majid al-Faysal, No. 55.
    (AP, 5/27/03)
2003        May 24, The U.S.-led coalition ordered Iraqis to give up their weapons by mid-June.
    (AP, 5/24/04)
2003        May 24, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man near Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 5/24/03)
2003        May 24, The 48th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest and took place in Riga, Latvia. Turkey's pop divas Sertab Erener, came first in the contest and the 2004 edition was then held in Istanbul.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurovision_Song_Contest_2003)(AFP, 8/4/18)
2003        May 24, Malaysia PM Mahathir Mohamad met with Brunei's 29th Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah to address the issue of the Kikeh oil find off Borneo.
    (WSJ, 6/27/03, p.A11)(SSFC, 6/28/03, p.C6)
2003        May 24, In Peru 19 Latin American leaders ended the 17th summit of the Group of Rio nations by promising to curb corruption and poverty, which they said undermine democratic rule in the region as does terrorism.
    (AP, 5/25/03)

2003        May 25, Gil de Ferran won the Indianapolis 500.
    (AP, 5/25/04)
2003        May 25, In Miami an explosion on the cruise ship SS Norway, formerly the SS France, killed 4 boiler-room crew members.
    (SFC, 5/26/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/27/03, p.A1)
2003        May 25, A Boeing 727 chartered by an Angolan company vanished on a flight to either Burkina Faso, South Africa, Libya or Nigeria.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2003        May 25, Nestor Kirchner took office as Argentina's sixth president in 18 months.
    (AP, 5/25/03)
2003        May 25, Armenians went to the polls to select a parliament.
    (AP, 5/25/03)
2003        May 25, Canada health officials reported that SARS had killed three more people in Ontario.
    (Reuters, 5/26/03)
2003        May 25, In the film festival at Cannes, France, "Elephant" by Gus Van Sant won the Palme d'Or. It was loosely based on the Columbine school shooting. The Turkish film "Uzak" won the 2nd place Grand Prize. "At Five in the Afternoon" by Samira Makhmalbaf of Iran won the jury prize.
    (SFC, 5/26/03, p.D2)
2003        May 25, In France at least 300,000 workers marched through the streets of Paris to protest government plans to reform the pension system.
    (AP, 5/26/03)
2003        May 25, Israel's Cabinet approved a US-backed Middle East peace plan, recognizing for the first time the Palestinians' right to establish an independent state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/25/03)
2003        May 25, In Moldova the Communist Party consolidated its hold on power in this former Soviet republic, winning over 47 percent of contested posts for mayor and other municipal offices. The Communists, who came to power in 2001, were led by Pres. Vladimir Voronin.
    (AP, 5/26/03)
2003        May 25, In the Philippines a passenger ferry collided with a larger boat and sank at the mouth of Manila Bay. At least 23 people were killed and 198 were rescued.
    (AP, 5/25/03)
2003        May 25, In Spain PM Jose Maria Aznar's party held its ground in city and regional elections.
    (AP, 5/26/03)

2003        May 26, FBI and state police issued fugitive and murder warrants for Derrick Todd Lee, a prime suspect in the killings of 5 women in south Louisiana.
    (SFC, 5/27/03, p.A3)(AP, 5/28/03)
2003        May 26, The World Health Organization (WHO) said it would put Canada's business capital Toronto back on the list of areas where SARS is spreading.
    (Reuters, 5/26/03)
2003        May 26, China's Pres. Hu Jintao arrived in Moscow for talks with Pres. Putin.
    (SFC, 5/27/03, p.A12)
2003        May 26,  In Ecuador 9 renegade Huaorani killed 26 members of the Tagaeri tribe. They justified the massacre as payback for a 1993 murder. Huaorani elders pardoned all attackers. Loggers were suspected as influencing the Huaorani.
    (AP, 5/29/03)(SFC, 9/3/04, p.W1)
2003        May 26, PM Sharon said Israel must end its occupation of Palestinian lands. Sharon declared in a speech to his Likud Party that he was determined to reach a peace deal and end 36 years of rule over the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 5/27/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/26/08)
2003        May 26, A 7.0 earthquake hit Japan's main island of Honshu. At least 54 people were injured.
    (SFC, 5/27/03, p.A3)
2003        May 26, Thomas R. Odhiambo (72), the Kenyan scientist who founded an int'l insect research center renowned for giving African farmers low-cost solutions for pest control, died.  He founded the African Academy of Sciences in 1985.
    (AP, 5/28/03)
2003        May 26, Rwandans voted in the country's first constitutional referendum. It was overwhelmingly endorsed.
    (AP, 5/28/03)
2003        May 26, An airplane carrying 62 Spanish peacekeepers crashed into a mountain in northeastern Turkey while making its third attempt to land in thick fog. All 75 people aboard were killed. The Yak-42 was chartered from a Ukrainian company. On Jan 11, 2016, Spain's defense ministry took political responsibility for the crash.
    (AP, 5/26/03)(WSJ, 5/27/03, p.A1)(AFP, 1/11/17)

2003        May 27, Derrick Todd Lee, a suspected serial killer of women in Louisiana, was arrested in Atlanta.
    (AP, 5/27/04)
2003        May 27, A study was released that showed women who took hormones for years ran a higher risk of Alzheimer's or other types of dementia.
    (AP, 5/27/04)
2003        May 27, Colombia police arrested Saul Nieto, known by the nom de guerre "Ezequiel." He was in charge of a group of urban fighters of the National Liberation Army, or ELN, in Medellin. 10 other rebels were also detained.
    (AP, 5/28/03)
2003        May 27, In southern India officials reported that a deadly heat wave has killed at least 430 people in the past two weeks.
    (AP, 5/27/03)
2003        May 27, In India strong winds and pounding rain toppled a Ferris wheel at a temple festival in Tamil Nadu state, killing 12 people and injuring more than 20 others.
    (AP, 5/28/03)
2003        May 27, In Iraq a US weapons-inspection team arrived at Al Qaqaa weapons site and found that the IAEA seals were broken and the high explosives missing. Two Iraqis shot and killed two American soldiers in Fallujah, a hotbed of support for Saddam Hussein.
    (WSJ, 10/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 5/27/08)
2003        May 27, Israeli troops shot and killed a 16-year-old Palestinian boy and critically wounded two children, ages 7 and 9, during confrontations.
    (AP, 5/27/03)
2003        May 27, In Peru Pres. Alejandro Toledo declared a 30-day state of emergency and authorized the military to clear strikers from Peru's major highways.
    (AP, 5/28/03)

2003        May 28, Pres. Bush signed a tax cut into law. It was the 3rd cut in 3 years and included a cut in the rates on capital gains and dividends, breaks for small businesses and funds for state governments. It was valued at $350 billion over 10 years. The Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 delivered substantial tax relief to 136 million American taxpayers.
    (SFC, 5/29/03, p.A4)(www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/05/20030528-9.htm)
2003        May 28, Actress Martha Scott (90) died in Southern California.
    (AP, 5/28/04)
2003        May 28, Amnesty International released a report saying the U.S.-led war on terror had made the world a more dangerous and repressive place, a finding dismissed by Washington as "without merit."
    (AP, 5/28/04)
2003        May 28, Prometea, the world's 1st cloned horse, was born in Cremona, Italy.
    (SFC, 8/7/03, p.A2)
2003        May 28, Bangladesh authorized police to shoot at will as part of its anti-crime campaign, after reporting more than 350 deaths to gang violence in the past two months.
    (AP, 5/30/03)
2003        May 28, In Canada SARS killed two more people in Toronto and concern about the deadly virus shut down a Toronto-area high school.
    (AP, 5/29/03)
2003        May 28, Chinas President Hu Jintao called for a "multipolar world" and a strategic partnership with Russia to counter US dominance, and oil executives signed a preliminary deal for pipeline to carry Siberian oil to China.
    (AP, 5/29/03)
2003        May 28, Pakistani police arrested about three dozen opposition lawmakers from a provincial assembly during two protests against constitutional changes made by Pakistan's president to increase his power.
    (AP, 5/28/03)
2003        May 28, In the southern Philippines Muslim rebels declared a cease-fire and gave the government 10 days to meet their demands or face renewed fighting.
    (AP, 5/28/03)
2003        May 28, Russia confirmed its first case of SARS on the border with China in a major embarrassment for visiting Chinese President Hu Jintao.
    (Reuters, 5/28/03)
2003        May 28, Russia's upper house of parliament ratified a landmark nuclear deal with the United States that slashes both nation's nuclear arsenals by two-thirds.
    (AP, 5/28/03)

2003        May 29, President Bush, in a wide-ranging interview with reporters at the White House, repeated his defense of the U.S.-led war in Iraq, and hinted that relations with France remained scarred over its opposition to the war.
    (AP, 5/29/04)
2003        May 29, AOL Time Warner and Microsoft announced a settlement in their battle over Internet browsers, with the software giant paying AOL $750 million.
    (AP, 5/29/04)
2003        May 29, Scientists reported the discovery of a "master gene" in stem cells.
    (SFC, 5/30/03, p.A5)
2003        May 29, The BBC, aired a radio piece by journalist Andrew Gilligan quoting an anonymous official accusing the government of inflating claims about Iraqi weapons. David Kelly was later identified as the source and committed suicide Jul 17.
    (AP, 7/23/03)(Econ, 1/31/04, p.54)
2003        May 29, US forces in Iraq numbered some 200,000. An extended stay was expected.
    (SFC, 5/29/03, p.A12)
2003        May 29, Tropical Storm Linfa moved northeast of the Philippines toward Japan on Thursday after leaving at least 25 people dead and more than 8,000 displaced following five days of heavy rains and flooding.
    (AP, 5/29/03)

2003        May 30, President Bush began a 6-nation tour in Krakow, Poland, and brought personal thanks to the country for standing up as a wartime ally in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/30/03)(SFC, 5/31/03, p.A14)
2003        May 30, The US government lowered the terrorist threat level from orange to yellow.
    (SFC, 5/31/03, p.A3)
2003        May 30, A rebel ambush and other attacks killed five Russian soldiers and wounded 11 others in and around the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
    (AP, 5/31/03)
2003        May 30, In Myanmar a pro-government drunken mob of some 3,000 ambushed a 400-person convoy carrying Aung San Suu Kyi and members of her National League for Democracy. At least 70 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/12/03, p.A6)(SFC, 7/5/03, p.A16)
2003        May 30, In northern Spain ETA committed its final fatal attack. A car bomb, placed by Basque separatists, killed two police officers in Sanguesa in northern Navarra region.
    (AP, 5/30/03)(AP, 3/22/06)
2003        May 30, The U.N. Security Council unanimously authorized the deployment of a French-led international force in northeastern Congo, the scene of ethnic fighting.
    (AP, 5/30/04)

2003        May 31, President Bush visited the site of the Nazi death camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland as he challenged allies to overcome their bitterness and mistrust over the Iraq war and unite in the struggle against terrorism.
    (AP, 5/31/04)
2003        May 31, Eric Rudolph, the longtime fugitive charged in the 1996 Olympic Park bombing and in attacks at an abortion clinic and a gay nightclub, was arrested in the mountains of North Carolina.
    (AP, 5/31/03)
2003        May 31, American forces arrested 15 members of Saddam Hussein's banned Baath Party as they met at a police college in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/31/03)
2003        May 31, Toronto reported more cases of SARS and said the disease may have caused the deaths of four people at a hospital on the edge of the city.
    (Reuters, 5/31/03)
2003        May 31, A Chinese freighter sank in the Baltic Sea. It carried 66,000 tons of fertilizer and leaked over 55,270 gallons of diesel oil. Some 38,000 gallons were recovered.
    (SFC, 6/3/03, p.A3)
2003        May 31, Air France planned to ground its last 5 Concorde airplanes. The Air France Concorde, the world's fastest and most luxurious passenger jet, flew from New York to Paris for the last time.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.B5)(AP, 5/30/03)(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.A2)
2003        May 31, Clashes between Philippine troops and Muslim separatist guerrillas left at least 23 dead, just days before a 10-day unilateral cease-fire was set to begin.
    (AP, 5/31/03)
2003        May 31, Russia officially premiered the reborn Amber Room as part of the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg.
    (SFC, 5/31/03, p.A2)
2003        May 31, In St. Petersburg, Russia, Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi and Hu Jintao, the new president of China, agreed in a summit to work at defusing tensions over North Korea.
    (AP, 5/31/03)
2003        May 31, Singapore was taken off the list of SARS countries.
    (SSFC, 6/1/03, p.A3)

2003        May, Disney online was launched. By 2005 it was the number-one kids' and family entertainment destination attracting more than 12 million unique visitors each month.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/7ojnc)
2003        May, Freecycle, a global recycling phenomenon started operating in Arizona. By 2008 it had grown to more than 4 million members in more than 4,100 cities. It boasted of keeping more than 300 million tons of trash out of landfills every day and inspired imitators.
    (AP, 12/29/07)
2003        May, In Chinas Jingbian County, Shaanxi province, authorities moved to confiscate some 1,600 privately held oil wells following orders from the central government. Tens of thousands of investors had stakes in over 4,000 oil wells valued at about $850 million. A county-run company took over oil production and in 2005 struck a deal with Yanchang, a regional state-owned company to assume control.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.39)
2003        May, Ethiopia began a $220 million relocation program for some 2 million people, who otherwise faced starvation. It was part of a $3.2 billion rescue plan financed by the government and donor groups to reverse dependency on intl. aid.
    (SFC, 7/19/04, p.A1)
2003        May, Germany published its voluntary corporate governance code.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.72)
2003        May, Munich, Germany, ousted Microsoft from 14,000 government computers in favor of Linux.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.59)
2003        May, Police in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, found the dismembered body of Martha Isabel Moncada (28) in 2 suitcases. In 2007 Andrew Gole (49) of Long Island, NY, was sentenced to 38 years in prison for killing and dismembering his Honduran wife.
    (AP, 1/14/07)
2003        May, Alleged British mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners took place at an aid camp near Basra, Iraq. Photographs of prisoner abuse were made public in 2004. In 2005 court martial proceedings began. In 2006 3 British soldiers were cleared of manslaughter charges in the death of Ahmad Jabbar Kareem (15), who drowned in the Shatt al-Basra canal in Basra.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.51)(AP, 6/6/06)
2003        May, In Iraq a Jewish archive was found when US troops looking for weapons of mass destruction got a tip to check out the basement of a building of the Mukhabarat, Saddam's secret police. In a flooded basement they found books, photos and papers floated in the murky water. Accumulated over the years were photos, parchments and cases to hold Torah scrolls; a Jewish religious book published in 1568; 50 copies of a children's primer in Hebrew and Arabic; books in Arabic and English, books printed in Baghdad, Warsaw and Venice, the lost heritage of what was once one of the largest Jewish communities in the Middle East, dating to the 6th century B.C. The collection was saved and soon taken to the US for preservation.
    (AP, 1/17/10)
2003        May, In Italy construction began on a breakwater for Venice to prevent high tides from entering its lagoon.
    (Econ, 9/27/03, p.80)

2003        Jun 1, President Bush arrived in France from St. Petersburg and had a smile and firm handshake for this year's Group of Eight nations summit host, French Pres. Jacques Chirac.
    (AP, 6/1/03)(SFC, 6/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 1, Thousands of protesters blocked highways and bridges, set fire to barricades and drew volleys of tear gas and rubber pellets from anti-riot police near the Group of Eight summit in the French town of Evian. Leaders pledged billions of dollars to fight AIDS and hunger on the opening day of their summit.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, Genentech reported that its drug Avastin lengthened survival time for colon cancer patients. In 2004 the FDA approved it as a colorectal cancer treatment. In 2007 researches said it could improve the treatment of kidney tumors.
    (SFC, 6/2/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.G1)
2003        Jun 1, UC Berkeley researchers revealed a new laboratory method for manufacturing the anti-malarial drug, artemisinin.
    (SFC, 6/2/03, p.A11)
2003        Jun 1, China began filling the reservoir behind its gargantuan Three Gorges Dam, a major step toward completion of the world's largest hydroelectric project.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, India officials reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least 1000 people in the past 3 weeks.
    (AP, 6/2/03)
2003        Jun 1, The Israeli military eased travel restrictions and allowed thousands of Palestinian workers to enter the country in an effort to lower tensions and build goodwill.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, Myanmar's military junta closed universities and shut down offices of pro-democracy leader Ang San Suu Kyi's party, after she and some of her key aides were detained.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, In Pakistan the Islamist-ruled Northwest Frontier province passed legislation to adopt Shariah as the supreme law. A day earlier 5-times-a-day prayer was made compulsory.
    (SFC, 6/3/03, p.A8)
2003        Jun 1, In southern Pakistan a motorboat taking people on a sightseeing trip sank in a lake, killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 6/1/03)
2003        Jun 1, Togo's Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema, Africa's longest reigning ruler, faced elections. Togo's per capita income fell from $600 in the 1980s to less than $300 in 2003.
    (AP, 6/1/03)

2003        Jun 2, President Bush, visiting the Middle East, pledged to work unstintingly for the goal of Israel and a Palestinian state living side by side without bloodshed.
    (AP, 6/2/04)
2003        Jun 2, The FCC eased media ownership rules and allowed companies to own both a newspaper and a broadcast station in the same market.
    (SFC, 6/3/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 2, PeopleSoft announced an agreement to buy J.D. Edwards for $1.7 billion.
    (SFC, 12/14/04, p.D1)
2003        Jun 2, PipeVine Inc., a firm that handled over $100 million in donations, shut down and said it did not have enough money to pay owed funds to nonprofit organizations. The SF firm later acknowledged that is had spent some of the money on its own salaries and other operating expenses. Accounting problems dated back 2 years.
    (SFC, 6/4/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 2, Felix de Weldon (b.1907), Austria-born American sculptor, died in Virginia. His most famous piece is the Marine Corps War Memorial at Arlington cemetery of five U.S. Marines and one sailor raising the flag of the United States on Iwo Jima during World War Two.
2003        Jun 2, In Denmark Thorkild Grosboel, a Lutheran minister, was suspended for saying that God doesn't exist and there is no eternal life. Lutheran pastors in Denmark are employed by the state and bishops cannot fire them.
    (AP, 6/3/03)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.55)
2003        Jun 2, Europe's space agency launched a mars probe from Kazakhstan.
    (WSJ, 6/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 2, Thousands of sacked Iraqi soldiers marched on the U.S.-led administration and threatened to launch suicide attacks on American troops in Baghdad unless they were paid wages and compensation.
    (AP, 6/2/03)
2003        Jun 2, In Evian, France, world leaders projected confidence that they will turn around their weak economies and pledged joint cooperation on a host of global issues from terrorism to the need for a coordinated effort to rebuild Iraq.
    (AP, 6/2/03)
2003        Jun 2, North Korea said it has nuclear arms.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)

2003        Jun 3, Sammy Sosa was ejected in the first inning of Chicago's 3-2 win over the Tampa Bay Devil Rays after umpires found cork in his shattered bat.
    (AP, 6/3/04)
2003        Jun 3, John Hickenlooper (b.1952) was elected mayor of Denver.
    (Econ, 11/3/07, p.39)(www.boomerstv.com/episodes_profile.php?lid=346)
2003        Jun 3, Eric Robert Rudolph pleaded innocent in a deadly 1998 abortion clinic bombing in Birmingham, Ala.
    (AP, 6/3/04)
2003        Jun 3, Jurors in Detroit convicted Abdel-Ilah Elmardoudi and Karim Koubriti of supporting planned terrorist strikes. Their case began 6 days after the Sep 11, 2001 attacks.
    (SFC, 6/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 3, In Egypt Arab leaders met with President Bush as he plunged into the labyrinth of Mideast peace talks. They pledged to fight terror and violence and called on Israel to "rebuild trust and restore normal Palestinian life."
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, The G-8 in Evian, France, issued closing statements. These included: confidence in the global economic future; they put North Korea and Iran on notice that member countries will not stand by and let them acquire nuclear weapons; they committed to further improve cooperation with African nations to lift the world's poorest continent out of civil war, disease and poverty; and adopted a plan to help halve the number of people without access to clean water and sanitation by 2015.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, Miss Dominican Republic, 18-year-old Amelia Vega, was crowned in Panama City, Panama, as Miss Universe 2003.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 3, Israel released about 100 prisoners, a goodwill gesture ahead of a Mideast peace summit with U.S. President George W. Bush.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, Police in Nairobi, Kenya, said a landlord's thugs had hacked 9 people to death in a campaign to drive out shanty tenants and raise rents.
    (WSJ, 6/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 3, In Peru thousands of trade unionists and striking teachers marched through downtown Lima in defiance of a state of emergency that put the armed forces in charge of maintaining order.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, In Spain a head-on train collision near Chinchilla in Albacete province left at least 11 people dead and another 16 missing.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 3, In Togo security forces arrested opposition leaders and beat their followers, moving out in force to quell protests of an election the military ruler claimed to be winning.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, In Zimbabwe a general strike shut down much of the already crippled economy, and security forces prevented efforts to organize massive street protests against Pres. Mugabe.
    (AP, 6/3/03)

2003        Jun 4, Pres. Bush held meetings with the Israeli and Palestinian prime ministers, hoping to advance a Middle East peace plan after winning new support from top Arab leaders.
    (AP, 6/4/04)
2003        Jun 4, Martha Stewart stepped down as head of her media empire, hours after she was charged with a 9-count federal indictment in a stock trading scandal. Stewart was convicted in March, 2004, of lying about why she'd sold her shares of ImClone Systems stock in 2001, just before the stock price plunged.
    (SFC, 6/5/03, p.A1)(AP, 6/4/04)
2003        Jun 4, Palm Inc. said it would buy rival Handspring in a stock deal valued at $195 mil.
    (SFC, 6/5/03, p.B1)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.B1)
2003        Jun 4, The Pews Ocean Commission said US waters are so stressed by pollution and overfishing that drastic federal intervention is required.
    (SFC, 6/5/03, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 4, Corey Marques Jasmin (20), an airman at Travis Air Force Base, robbed an adult book store in Fairfield, Ca. Hours later he killed two homeless women, Otilia Carrington (48) and Ricksehlla Harrison (29). In 2008 a state appeals court upheld his life sentence without parole.
    (SFC, 9/27/08, p.B2)
2003        Jun 4, Delmar E. Brown (84), renowned fly fisherman, died in Watsonville, Ca. He invented the Del Brown Crab Fly and held a record-setting catch of a tarpon 15 times the test of his line.
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.A29)
2003        Jun 4, In Afghanistan 40 Taliban suspects were killed in one of the deadliest exchanges between Taliban and government troops since the hardline religious regime was overthrown in late 2001. 7 government soldiers also died in the nine hours of fighting in three villages north of Spinboldak, near the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/5/03)
2003        Jun 4, In Jordan Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon pledged to dismantle illegal settlements in Palestinian areas, while the new Palestinian leader renounced all terrorism against Israel. Both steps were sought by President Bush as he brought the two sides together in a bid to advance Middle East peace.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 4, In Laos 2 European journalists and an American were arrested on murder charges. Belgian photojournalist Thierry Falise and French cameraman Vincent Reynaud were arrested with an American of Hmong origin for allegedly helping "bandits" kill a security official in the remote northeastern village of Khai.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 4, In Nepal King Gyanendra appointed a pro-monarchist Wednesday as Nepal's new PM. Surya Bahadur Thapa replaces Lokendra Bahadur Chand, who resigned last week.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 4, A UN-backed war crimes court indicted Liberian Pres. Charles Taylor, accusing him of "the greatest responsibility" in the vicious 10-year civil war in neighboring Sierra Leone.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 4, The Peruvian government failed to meet wage demands by striking teachers, who vowed to extend a 24-day walkout that triggered nationwide protests and prompted President Alejandro Toledo to declare a state of emergency.
    (AP, 6/5/03)
2003        Jun 4, The UN Security Council agreed to end a ban on the export of so-called "blood diamonds" from Sierra Leone because of government efforts to control the diamond industry.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 4,Togo President Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema, was declared winner of questioned presidential elections.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 4, In Vietnam Truong Van Cam, reputed underworld boss, was found guilty of 7 crimes. 154 alleged associates included high-ranking government officials. He was sentenced to death the next day.
    (SFC, 6/5/03, p.A3)

2003        Jun 5, Speaking to U.S. soldiers in Qatar, President Bush argued the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq was justified and pledged that "we'll reveal the truth" on Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 6/5/04)
2003        Jun 5, The United States agreed to pull its ground troops away from the Demilitarized Zone separating North and South Korea.
    (AP, 6/5/04)
2003        Jun 5, In NYC Howell Raines, NY Times executive editor, resigned along with Gerald M. Boyd, managing editor, due to their handling of inaccurate stories by recently released reporter Jason Blair.
    (WSJ, 6/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 5, Pope John Paul II began his landmark 100th foreign pilgrimage with a five-day, five-city tour of Croatia.
    (AP, 6/5/03)
2003        Jun 5, In Liberia deputy ministers Isaac Nuhan Vaye and John Winpoe Yormie were arrested about the same time that Pres. Taylor announced that a coup plot had been uncovered. Vaye and Yormie were later reported killed.
    (SFC, 7/16/03, p.A12)
2003        Jun 5, A bomber attacked a bus near a Russian military air base near Chechnya on Thursday, killing herself and at least 16 others.
    (AP, 6/5/03)
2003        Jun 5, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that Thai women will no longer be required to take their husband's family name when they marry.
    (AP, 6/5/03)

2003        Jun 6, A federal appeals court ruled that cell phone users can keep their telephone numbers when they change their phone companies.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)
2003        Jun 6, The US government reported the unemployment rate had hit a nine-year high of 6.1 percent the previous month.
    (AP, 6/6/04)
2003        Jun 6, Already the holder of U.S. rights to the Olympics through 2008, NBC secured the contracts for the 2010 and 2012 games for $2.2 billion.
    (AP, 6/6/04)
2004        Jun 6, Oracle issued a $5.1 billion hostile takeover bid for PeopleSoft at $16 per share.
    (SFC, 12/14/04, p.D1)
2003        Jun 6, In California a small plane plunged into an apartment building near Hollywood, sending the three-story structure into flames within minutes and killing at least two people.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 6, Chile became the first South American country to sign a free trade agreement with the United States.
    (AP, 6/7/03)(WSJ, 6/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 6, In southern China a coach bus drove off a highway and plunged into a river, killing 12 people.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 6, French strikers disrupted train and bus service and sanitation workers dumped garbage in the street in the 4th day of a nationwide protest against government plans to reform pensions.
    (AP, 6/7/03)
2003        Jun 6, Monsoon rains arrived in India's northeast, bringing hope for relief from a grueling heat wave that has killed nearly 1,400 people nationwide in the past 3 weeks.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 6, An Iraqi prisoner (52) of war was found dead at a camp run by the 1st Marine Division near Nasiriyah. On Oct 8 Marine reservists stationed at Camp Pendleton were charged in connection with his death.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Jun 6, In Balastrera, Mexico, a landslide followed by the blast of a ruptured gas pipeline hit a truck-stop town between Mexico City and Veracruz. 15 people were missing from the area.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 6, The Netherlands said it will send 1,100 peacekeepers to southern Iraq to join the British-led multinational stabilization force.
    (AP, 6/7/03)
2003        Jun 6, In southern New Zealand a twin-engine plane crashed in dense fog, killing eight people and injuring two others.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 6, Russia's parliament approved an amnesty for Chechen rebels who agree to disarm. Pres. Vladimir Putin presented the move as a major step toward peace.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 6, In Yemen an explosion close to a military base killed 3 people. The blast was caused by a missile that blew up in the Beir Ahmed district of the southern port city of Aden.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 6, Zimbabwe police arrested Morgan Tsvangirai, the main opposition leader, and charged him with treason as hundreds of security forces took control of the streets.
    (AP, 6/6/03)

2003        Jun 7, At the Belmont Stakes Empire Maker caught Funny Cide on the far turn and beat him soundly. The defeat left thoroughbred racing still longing for its first Triple Crown winner since Affirmed in 1978.
    (AP, 6/8/03)
2003        Jun 7, In a national first, New Hampshire Episcopalians elected the Reverend V. Gene Robinson, an openly gay man, as their next bishop.
    (AP, 6/7/04)
2003        Jun 7, A virus related to smallpox that has never been detected in the Western Hemisphere may be the cause of a mysterious disease spreading from pet prairie dogs to people across the upper Midwest.
    (AP, 6/8/03)
2003        Jun 7, In Afghanistan a car packed with explosives pulled up to a bus carrying German peacekeepers in Kabul and detonated, killing four and a teenage Afghan bystander. More than two dozen were wounded in the first fatal attack on the international force.
    (AP, 6/7/04)
2003        Jun 7, In Chechnya a fierce battle between rebels and Russian troops raged into its second day, leaving six servicemen dead.
    (AP, 6/7/03)
2003        Jun 7, In southern China 13 school children were reported missing after their ferry sank in rapids on the Qingshui River in Guizhou province.
    (AP, 6/8/03)
2003        Jun 7, Justine Henin-Hardenne beat Kim Clijsters 6-0, 6-4 at the French Open, in the first all-Belgian Grand Slam final.
    (AP, 6/7/04)
2003        Jun 7, In Germany a new law allowed stores to stay open 4 extra hours to 8 p.m.
    (AP, 6/6/03)
2003        Jun 7, In northern Laos suspected insurgents ambushed a bus, killing six people and wounding 10.
    (AP, 6/27/03)
2003        Jun 7, The Saudi interior minister linked last month's Riyadh bombings to the al-Qaida terror network in an interview, and his ministry identified 12 of the attackers.
    (AP, 6/7/03)
2003        Jun 7, In eastern Turkey a passenger bus slammed into a wall at the entrance of a tunnel, killing 27 people and injuring 33.
    (AP, 6/7/03)

2003        Jun 8, "Hairspray" took firm hold of the Tony Awards, collecting eight prizes, including best musical. Brian Dennehy and Vanessa Redgrave won best actor and actress for their roles in "Long Day's Journey into Night." The best play was "Take Me Out," Richard Greenberg's play about a gay baseball player.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.D9)
2003        Jun 8, A coalition of US mayors meeting in Denver asked federal officials to bypass state governments and give them the money they needed to beef up homeland security.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2003        Jun 8, Annika Sorenstam won the LPGA Championship for her 5th major title. Spain's Juan Carlos Ferrero won the French Open men's final over Martin Verkerk.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2003        Jun 8, George Foreman was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2003        Jun 8, Toronto reported two more SARS deaths, raising the Canadian toll from the deadly respiratory illness to 33.
    (Reuters, 6/8/03)
2003        Jun 8, In Chechnya the deputy director of the region's natural gas network was shot and killed in his home.
    (AP, 6/9/03)
2003        Jun 8, China began building one of the world's longest bridges. The 22-mile, $1.4 billion bridge across Hangzhou Bay, linking Shanghai to the port of Ningbo, was set for completion in 2009.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(SFC, 7/9/03, p.A16)
2003        Jun 8, In Germany storms left 10 people dead.
    (WSJ, 6/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 8, In Quetta, Pakistan, near the Afghan border 2 gunmen on motorcycles sprayed a group of policemen with machine-gun fire, killing at least 11 officers and wounding 9.
    (AP, 6/8/03)
2003        Jun 8, Three Palestinians disguised as Israeli military sneaked into an army post and killed 4 soldiers before being killed by troops in the first major attack on Israelis since last week's Mideast summit. Another Israeli soldier was killed in Hebron. 6 Palestinians died in the violence.
    (AP, 6/8/03)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 8, Poland ended a two-day referendum to join the EU. 76% of the 59.6% turnout voted in favor.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.A7)
2003        Jun 8, In Barcelona, Spain, more than 7,000 people gathered at daybreak and shed their clothes to take part in artist Spencer Tunick's largest work yet, an installation featuring a sea of nude bodies covering a central Barcelona avenue.
    (AP, 6/8/03)

2003        Jun 9, Hillary Clinton's memoir "Living History" was released.
    (SFC, 6/9/03, p.A2)
2003        Jun 9, The New Jersey Devils won the Stanley Cup, defeating the Anaheim Mighty Ducks 3-0 in Game 7.
    (AP, 6/9/04)
2003        Jun 9, Freddie Mac, a US government-sponsored mortgage company, ousted 3 top officials. The 4th largest US financial company had assets of $722 billion at the end of 2002. Leland Brendsel, CEO, was given a severance package valued at $24 million.
    (WSJ, 6/10/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 9, Japan pledged $1 billion in aid to help rebuild war-torn Sri Lanka as a major donor conference opened in Tokyo. $2 billion in aid was pledged but without the participation of the country's Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 6/9/03)
2003        Jun 9, As rebels bore down on the capital of Liberia, French helicopters rescued more than 500 Americans, Europeans and other foreigners.
    (AP, 6/9/04)
2003        Jun 9, In Mauritania heavy explosions shook Nouakchott, the capital of the Arab-dominated west African nation for a 2nd day as Pres. Maaouya Sid'ahmed Ould Taya, the pro-Western leader, battled a coup attempt. Army officers were reported to be angry over a campaign against Islamic extremists. Pres. Maaouya Sid'Ahmed Ould Taya said the government had regained control.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(WSJ, 6/9/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.A3)(AP, 6/12/03)

2003        Jun 10, The archdiocese of Louisville, Ky., settled a sexual abuse case with some 250 alleged victims for $25.7 million.
    (SFC, 6/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 10, Samuel Waksal (55), founder of ImClone Systems, was sentenced to 7 years in prison and ordered to pay $4.3 million for insider trading that engulfed family members and friend Martha Stewart.
    (SFC, 6/12/03, p.B1)
2003        Jun 10, In NY state John Jamelske (68) pleaded guilty to holding 5 women captive as sex slaves in a bunker at his home in Syracuse.
    (SFC, 6/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 10, NASA launched a Mars Exploration Rover named Spirit, the 1st of 2. Spirit arrived on Mars in January 2004.
    (WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/12/03, p.A1)(AP, 6/10/08)
2003        Jun 10, Donald Regan (84), former Treasury secretary and chief of staff to Pres. Reagan who was ousted in during the Iran-Contra infighting, died in Va.
    (WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 10, Bernard Williams (73), moral philosopher, died in Oxford. His books included: "Utilitarianism: For and Against" (1973), "Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy" (1985), "Shame and Necessity" (1993), and "Truth and Truthfulness" (2002). He coined the term "moral luck."
    (SSFC, 6/15/03, p.A27)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.83)
2003        Jun 10, Toronto, Canada, issued North America's 1st full marriage licenses to same sex couples after a judge knocked down Canada's legal definition of marriage, the union of a man and a woman, as a violation of the country's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
    (SFC, 6/11/03, p.A7)
2003        Jun 10, In Iran riot police and hard-line vigilantes clashed with teenage demonstrators who denounced supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 10, In Iraq US forces launched Operation Peninsula Strike aimed at rounding up Hussein loyalists around Thuluya, 45 miles north of Baghdad.
    (SFC, 6/12/03, p.A7)
2003        Jun 10, An AP tally of civilian deaths in Iraq totaled at least 3,240, with 1,896 dead in Baghdad. Allied deaths were 205 from Mar 20-Apr 20.
    (WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 10, Israel launched a rocket attack in Gaza and wounded Abdel Aziz Rantisi, a Hamas spokesman. Israeli counterfire to Hamas rockets killed 3 Palestinians. Israel succeeded in killing Rantisi in April 2004.
    (WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(AP, 6/11/03)

2003        Jun 11, Houston's Roy Oswalt, Pete Munro, Kirk Saarloos, Brad Lidge, Octavio Dotel and Billy Wagner combined for the first no-hitter against the New York Yankees in 45 years, winning 8-0.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 11, The US military launched a massive operation to crush opposition north of Baghdad and captured nearly 400 suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists in a bid to end daily attacks against American soldiers.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 11, Patrick James Dennehy (21), a Baylor Univ. basketball player, disappeared in Waco, Texas, and was feared to have been killed by team mates. Carlton Dotson (21) later confessed to the slaying and was arrested in Maryland on Jul 21. Dennehy's body was found Jul 25. In 2005 Dotson was sentenced to 35 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.A25)(SFC, 7/22/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.B5)
2003        Jun 11, David Brinkley (b.1920), TV news pioneer, died in Houston.
    (SFC, 6/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 11, The Canadian government said that gay marriages performed in the central province of Ontario over the last two days were legal for now but refused to rule out taking measures later to invalidate them.
    (Reuters, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 11, Kazakhstan's PM Imangali Tasmagambetov resigned after a prolonged battle with parliament over a land reform bill that would allow private land ownership in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 6/11/03)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.40)
2003        Jun 11, A Palestinian blew himself up on a Jerusalem bus and killed 16 other people. Israel retaliated with 2 rocket strikes that killed 11 Palestinians in Gaza City.
    (AP, 6/11/03)(AP, 6/11/08)
2003        Jun 11, Poland's finance minister quit in a power struggle over economic reforms. Grzegorz Kolodko was the 11th minister, and the second finance minister, to quit Miller's 20-month-old left-leaning administration.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

2003        Jun 12, Lewis Scooter Libby, chief of staff to VP Dick Cheney, 1st learned of CIA officer Valery Plame in a conversation with VP Cheney. In 2005 Libby told a Grand Jury that he was authorized to disclose information about the National Intelligence Estimate to the press by his superiors.
    (SFC, 10/25/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/10/06, p.A3)
2003        Jun 12, Air France turned the oldest of its Concordes over to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2003        Jun 12, EndoVascular Tech., a unit of Guidant Corp., pleaded guilty for failure to report malfunctions of their Ancure Endograft system and was ordered to pay $92.4 million in civil and criminal penalties. Some 2,628 malfunctions between 1999 and 2001 had not been reported.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/17/03, p.A25)
2003        Jun 12, Gregory Peck (b.1916), film actor, died in Los Angeles at age 87. His many films included "Moby Dick" and "To Kill a Mockingbird."
    (SFC, 6/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 12, A US helicopter gunship was shot down in western Iraq, just hours after US fighter jets bombed "a terrorist training camp" in central Iraq. US troops stormed through Sunni Muslim towns, seeking Saddam Hussein loyalists in one of the biggest American military assaults since the war began.
    (AP, 6/12/03)(AP, 6/12/08)
2003        Jun 12, Israeli helicopters fired rockets at two cars carrying Hamas activists in Gaza killing seven people, including a young child, and wounding 29.  The first strike killed two low-level Hamas activists, ages 22 and 24, from a unit that guards city streets.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2003        Jun 12, The first-ever Mexican freedom of information law took effect, designed to expose the government and its once guarded records and secrets to greater public scrutiny.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2003        Jun 12, In Peru teachers went back to work after a month long strike that grew to include protests by farmers and government workers and led President Alejandro Toledo to impose emergency measures.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2003        Jun 12, Puerto Rico police arrested more than 1,000 people during a major anti-drug operation.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 12, A container ship ran aground off the coast of Singapore and leaked 165 tons of fuel oil into the sea.
    (AP, 6/12/03)

2003        Jun 13, Philip Giordano, former 3-term mayor of Waterbury, Conn., was sentenced to 37 years in federal prison for having oral sex with 2 young girls while in office.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 13, Wisconsin state officials reported that probable 18 cases of monkeypox all came from one prairie dog.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A6)
2003        Jun 13, Richard Armitage, Deputy Sec. of State, told Bob Woodward about CIA operative Valerie Plame. Woodward testified to this in 2007 during the Scooter Libby trial.
    (SFC, 2/13/07, p.A3)
2003        Jun 13, US forces killed 27 Iraqi fighters in a ground and air pursuit after the Iraqis attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad, bringing the opposition death toll in four days of skirmishes to about 100. Five Iraqi civilians were shot by American troops who apparently mistook them for militants fleeing after attacking a US tank patrol. Hundreds of pro-cleric militants and security forces in Tehran clashed with Iranians throughout the capital.
    (AP, 6/13/03)(AP, 6/14/03)(AP, 6/13/08)
2003        Jun 13, Scientists reported that the new hydrogen fuel cell technology could lead to greater destruction of the ozone layer that protects Earth from cancer-causing ultraviolet rays.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 13, Belgium's foreign minister said the country has already amended its war crimes laws to avoid politically inspired lawsuits against US officials.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 13-14, Czechs voted in a two-day referendum on whether their country of 10 million should join the European Union. They voted overwhelmingly to join the European Union. 77.33% of voters approved the measure, while 22.67 voted no. Turnout was 55.21 percent.
    (AP, 6/13/03)(AP, 6/14/03)(AP, 6/15/03)
2003        Jun 13, European Union delegates agreed on a draft constitution that details how the coalition of nations will be run as it adds new members and evolves into what many hope will be a world power to rival the United States.
    (AP, 6/14/03)
2003        Jun 13, In Iran anti-government demonstrations took place for the third night in Tehran.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 13, Israel decided to target top Hamas leaders, including founder Sheik Ahmed, saying it would strike political as well as military leaders who targeted Israel with terrorism. An Israeli helicopter attack killed one Hamas member and injured 22 Palestinians including 8 children.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A1)(AP, 6/13/08)
2003        Jun 13, In Thailand Narong Penaman (44) was arrested with as much as 66 pounds of radioactive cesium-137 for sale.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A3)

2003        Jun 14, Off the northern Oregon coast a large wave flipped over Taki-Tooo, a charter fishing boat carrying 19 people, killing at least nine; eight survived by swimming to shore.
    (AP, 6/15/04)
2003        Jun 14, A car driven by Phoenix Bishop Thomas O'Brien struck and killed pedestrian Jim Reed; O'Brien was later convicted of leaving the scene of an accident and sentenced to probation.
    (AP, 6/14/04)
2003        Jun 14, A Colombia air force commander said leftist rebel camps were bombarded and that an estimated 67 insurgents were killed in southern Meta and Cauca state.
    (AP, 6/14/03)
2003        Jun 14, French troops leading an international force engaged in a firefight with gunmen for the first time in their mission to stabilize the northeastern Congolese town of Bunia.
    (AP, 6/14/03)
2003        Jun 14, Iran's hard-line judiciary arrested "scores" of pro-clergy militants, including a vigilante leader, over attacks on a Tehran student dormitory sparked by attacks on pro-reform supporters.
    (AP, 6/14/03)
2003        Jun 14, North and South Korea connected railways at their heavily armed border in a symbolic ceremony linking the two countries for the first time in more than a half-century. North Korea still had 7 miles of tracks to complete before trains could run.
    (AP, 6/14/03)(SSFC, 6/15/03, p.A14)
2003        Jun 14, In eastern Uganda a minivan bus plunged into a swamp and sank, killing 18 passengers.
    (AP, 6/15/03)

2003        Jan 15, The San Antonio Spurs beat the New Jersey Nets 88-77 in game 6 to win the NBA finals.
    (SFC, 6/16/03, p.C1)
2003        Jun 15, Golfer Jim Furyk won the U.S. Open.
    (AP, 6/15/04)
2003        Jun 15, Scientists reported that nearly 1,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises drown every day after becoming tangled in fishing nets and other equipment.
    (AP, 6/15/03)
2003        Jun 15, Hume Cronyn (91), stage and film star, died in Fairfield, Conn.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.A21)
2003        Jun 15, With a deadline passed for Iraqis to hand in heavy weapons, U.S. forces fanned out across Iraq to seize arms and put down potential foes.
    (AP, 6/15/04)
2003        Jun 15, The Saudi government said it foiled "an imminent terrorist" attack with an overnight raid on a bomb-filled, booby-trapped apartment in the holy city of Mecca that left five suspects and two security agents dead.
    (AP, 6/15/03)
2003        Jun 15, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels killed a Tamil politician opposed to them, fueling tensions a day after the murder of another politician and an ocean battle between government and rebels forces.
    (AP, 6/15/03)

2003        Jun 16, A divided US Supreme Court said the government can force medication on mentally ill criminal defendants only in the rarest of circumstances.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2003        Jun 16, Thomas J. O'Brien (67), the Roman Catholic bishop of Phoenix, was arrested in connection with a fatal hit and run accident 2 days earlier. In 2004 O'Brien was sentenced to 4 years probation.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 3/29/04, p.A1)
2003        Jun 16, Twelve people sent to prison as the result of a Tulia, Texas, drug bust were released on bail by a judge who said they'd been railroaded by an undercover agent. A total of 35 people were later pardoned by Texas Governor Rick Perry.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2003        Jun 16, The 100th anniversary of the founding of Ford Motor Co. Douglas Brinkley authored "Wheels for the World," a history of the company.
    (WSJ, 4/25/03, W6)
2003        Jun 16, Scientists reported that they've identified a flawed gene that appears to promote manic-depression, or bipolar disorder.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, Erica Young (16) and Uchenna Okeigwe (22) were murdered in Richmond, Ca. In 2007 Kimiko Kimio Wilson (22) was sentenced to life in prison for their murder and the attempted murder of Sheianna Babcock.
2003        Jun 16, The Association of Southeast Asian Nations urged Myanmar's military government to free pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, In Colombia Pres. Alvaro Uribe helped deploy the nation's latest weapon in a nearly 40-year civil war, sending 10,000 peasant soldiers back to their villages to confront rebels and paramilitary fighters.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 16, In England Steve Gough began a naked 847-mile trek Land's End to John 0'Groats at Scotland's north end.
    (SFC, 8/19/03, p.A11)
2003        Jun 16, In southern India a coal mine collapsed with at least 17 miners feared killed.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, In Indonesia a passenger train slammed into a minibus carrying wedding guests, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, Abid Hamid Mahmud al-Tikriti, No. 4 on the wanted list, surrendered at a private home in Tikrit following informants' tips. Nearby US soldiers found two boxes, each counting $4 million in bundled hundred-dollar bills, along with hundreds of pieces of jewelry, a sniper rifle and two pounds of plastic explosive.
    (AP, 6/19/03)(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 16, An explosion collapsed the ceiling in the Ziminka mine in the town of Prokopyevsk, one of central Siberia's oldest coal mines, killing 11 miners and trapping 4 others, who were later rescued.
    (AP, 6/17/03)(AP, 6/18/03)

2003        Jun 17, A US federal appeals court ruled the government properly withheld names and other details about hundreds of foreigners who were detained in the months after the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2003        Jun 17, The US Justice Department issued a directive banning routine racial and ethnic profiling at all 70 federal agencies with law enforcement powers.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2003        Jun 17, English soccer star David Beckham was sold to Real Madrid by Manchester United for a $41 million transfer fee.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2003        Jun 17, The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) was formed at a conference in London as a global standard for dealings in oil, gas and mining. By 2016 the EITI Standard was implemented in 51 countries.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extractive_Industries_Transparency_Initiative)(Econ, 2/27/15, p.55)
2003        Jun 17, Ivory Coast army and rebel forces agreed to pull their forces back from battle positions, strengthening a cease-fire in the former French colony.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 17, Jordanians voted for a new parliament, six years after the previous one was dissolved. Allies of King Abdullah II won more than half of the seats in Jordan's parliamentary elections. Jordan's parliament, unlike many Arab legislatures, can block bills and dismiss a prime minister and his Cabinet.
    (AP, 6/17/03)(AP, 6/18/03)
2003        Jun 17, Liberia's President Charles Taylor pledged to yield power as part of a cease-fire with rebels, but his government quickly hedged on the resignation.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 17, Peruvian investigators dramatically increased their estimate of the death toll from a two-decade fight against Shining Path rebels, saying they now believe between 40,000 and 60,000 people perished or disappeared from 1980-1990s.
    (AP, 6/18/03)
2003        Jun 17, Romania's government acknowledged that its former leaders deported and exterminated Romanian Jews during World War II.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 17,  The Virgin Islands Party was swept from power after spending 17 years at the helm, according to final election results.
    (AP, 6/18/03)

2003        Jun 18, Andrew Luster (39), a convicted rapist and heir to the Max Factor fortune, was arrested after 5 months on the run. He was picked up by Mexican police in Puerto Vallarta as he scuffled with bounty hunters who had trailed him from California.
    (AP, 6/18/03)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 18, The Mercury Policy Project reported that 1/3 of albacore tuna contained levels of toxic mercury exceeding a federally recommended dose for women of child-bearing age.
    (SFC, 6/19/03, p.A10)
2003        Jun 18, Larry Doby (70), baseball Hall-of-Famer who broke the American League's color barrier in 1947, died in Montclair, N.J.
    (AP, 6/18/04)
2003        Jun 18, In Finland PM Anneli Jaatteenki resigned amid accusations that she lied about sensitive political information during her election campaign.
    (SFC, 6/19/03, p.A14)
2003        Jun 18, A demonstration by former Iraqi army officers demanding back pay turned violent after an American soldier fired into the crowd. 2 Iraqis were killed. One American was killed in a drive-by shooting in south Baghdad.
    (SFC, 6/19/03, p.A16)
2003        Jun 18, Japan began counting the homeless. It estimated the homeless population at 25,000 compared to 600,000 in the US.
    (WSJ, 6/18/03, p.A1)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.86)
2003        Jun 18, Israel agreed to curb its "track-and-kill" operations against Palestinian militants in a deal struck with US officials to help them salvage a new peace plan torn by violence.
    (AP, 6/18/03)

2003        Jun 19, The FBI put cosmetics heir Andrew Luster aboard a plane in Mexico and flew him back to California, five months after he'd been convicted in absentia of drugging and raping three women.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2003        Jun 19, Federal authorities said an Ohio truck driver who met Osama bin Laden and admitted plots against trains and Brooklyn Bridge had pleaded guilty to felony charges.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2003        Jun 19, The U.S. Air Force dropped manslaughter and aggravated assault charges against two fighter pilots who'd mistakenly bombed Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan in 2002. One pilot was waiting trial on a charge of dereliction of duty.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2003        Jun 19, In Arizona a wildfire burned up to 250 homes on Mount Lemon, north of Tucson.
    (SFC, 6/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 19, Thousands of Colombians marched on the presidential palace to defend their jobs against what they described as a drive to turn the country's public services into multinational corporations.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, The Congolese government and two rebel factions agreed to halt fighting in an eastern region and pull back from newly occupied areas, hours after a battle for a key town there killed dozens of people.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, European leaders gathered at a secluded Greek seaside resort for a three-day summit to discuss Middle East peace, illegal immigration, and the contentious draft of a first-ever European Union constitution.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, A team of Australian researchers reported that bananas and taro were cultivated ion the highlands of Papua New Guinea as long as 7,000 years ago.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, In France more Iranians set themselves on fire to protest a crackdown on an Iraq-based anti-Tehran group. Maryam Rajavi, the leader of the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran, was among 150 people detained in a sweep of their European headquarters in suburban Paris by hundreds of masked police this month. Most of those detained were let go. In 2011 French investigators dropped terror charges against 24 members of the group.
    (WSJ, 6/20/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/12/11)
2003        Jun 19, In Iraq The special "Task Force 20" commando team was joined in the convoy operation by an AC-130 gunship and other air support, attacking by ground and air along a known escape and smuggling route near the western city of Qaim.
    (AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A18)
2003        Jun 19, An Israeli shopkeeper was killed by a Palestinian suicide bomber.
    (WSJ, 6/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 19, In northeastern Nigeria 30 miles north of the city of Umuahia, fuel gushing from a vandalized pipeline exploded, killed at least 105 villagers as they scavenged gasoline.
    (AP, 6/21/03)

2003        Jun 20, President Bush named Scott McClellan his new press secretary, succeeding Ari Fleischer.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2003        Jun 20, Pres. Bush and Brazil's Pres. Lula da Silva said that relations between the two nations remain on track despite sharp disagreements over Iraq and some trade issues.
    (AP, 6/21/03)
2003        Jun 20, Secretary of State Colin Powell met separately with the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian Authority, praising the Israelis for efforts toward an eventual peace settlement and urging speed on the Palestinians.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2003        Jun 20, Gov. Davis announced that car license fees would triple as of Oct. 1 and Finance Director Steve Peace said California was now operating off of borrowed money.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 20, General Motors Corp. said it will sell about $13 billion of bonds, one of the largest corporate debt offerings ever, to help shore up its U.S. pension plan which ended last year under funded by $19.3 billion. Standard & Poor's 500 companies had a combined deficit of about $239 billion and growing, an all-time high.
    (Reuters, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, In Los Angeles County 31 train cars broke loose and rolled over 30 miles before workers forced a derailing at Commerce.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 20, Wildfires fueled by high winds burned 250 homes in southern Arizona.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2003        Jun 20, In China Guangdong health officials reported 211 encephalitis cases with 18 children killed. 100,000 children were vaccinated as a precaution.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A5)
2003        Jun 20, China said it will move 42,000 soldiers to civilian jobs this year as part of efforts to shrink the world's largest military.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, A 31-nation conference in Germany agreed to expand efforts to combat terrorist financing and money laundering. The Financial Action Task Force issued a 40-point program to keep international law enforcement abreast of criminals' increasingly sophisticated efforts to conceal illegal money flows.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, In Iran student protests against Ayatollah Ali Khamenei spread to at least 8 other cities.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A8)
2003        Jun 20, Kazakhstan's parliament passed a bill allowing private ownership of land for the first time in this vast former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, In Latvia Vaira Vike-Freiberga easily won a second term as president.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor renounced his peace pledge to cede power and announced that he will serve to the January 2004 end of his term and might run again.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, Singapore launched an automated commuter train system, filling a gap in the city's subway network.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, A boat carrying some 250 people toward Italy sank off the Tunisian coast, killing at least 50 people. The boat's occupants were all thought to be illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 6/20/03)(AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 20, In central Turkey a student dormitory at an Islamic school exploded and collapsed, killing 10 students.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, Morgan Tsvangirai (51), Zimbabwe's opposition leader, was released on bail after two weeks in jail on treason charges. He said he will not stop putting pressure on Pres. Robert Mugabe (79).
    (AP, 6/21/03)

2003        Jun 21, Lennox Lewis retained his heavyweight title after a cut stopped Vitali Klitschko after six brawling rounds in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 6/21/04)
2003        Jun 21, Ten weeks after the fall of Saddam Hussein's regime, President Bush offered a broadly positive status report on the U.S. mission in Iraq in his weekly radio address.
    (AP, 6/21/04)
2003        Jun 21, J.K. Rowling's 5th Harry Potter book, "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix," went on sale.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 21, George Axelrod (b.1922), playwright, died in Los Angeles. His plays included "The Seven Year Itch" (1952).
    (SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A27)
2003        Jun 21, Leon Uris (78), author, died on New York's Shelter Island. His books included "Battle Cry" (1953), the best-selling "Exodus" (1958) and "Mila 18" (1960).
    (AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A25)
2003        Jun 21, In Afghanistan Abdul Wali (28), a detainee held at a US base, died following 2 days of interrogation. In 2004 David A. Passaro, former Army Ranger, was charged with assault in connection to Walis death. In 2006 Passaro, a former CIA contractor, was convicted in North Carolina of assaulting Abdul Wali with a metal flashlight. In 2007 Passaro was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/06, p.A5)(SFC, 2/14/07, p.A3)
2003        Jun 21, China's Xinhua News Agency reported that archaeologists in western China had discovered five earthenware jars of 2,000-year-old rice wine in an ancient Han dynasty tomb (206BCE-25CE), and its bouquet was still strong enough to perk up the nose.
    (AP, 6/21/03)
2003        Jun 21, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder appealed for a swift end to three weeks of union strikes demanding a shorter work week in formerly communist eastern Germany, warning of further damage to the already weak economy.
    (AP, 6/21/03)
2003        Jun 21, The Israeli army killed Abdullah Kawasme, a local Hamas leader, in the West Bank town of Hebron.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A9)

2003        Jun 22, It was reported that Elko, Nevada, besieged by Mormon crickets (shield-backed katydids), had spent $56,000 for 18 tons of the pesticide carbaryl to stop the infestation. The 4-year Nevada plague, the worst in 5 decades, had missed Elko until this year.
    (SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 22, Vasil Bykov (79), one of the best-known and most talented writers in Belarus and a harsh critic of its authoritarian leader, died. His books about World War II including "Sign of Misfortune," "Alpine Ballad" and "Sotnikov" were required reading for all Belarusian school children.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 22, The Belgian government agreed on changes to narrow a war crimes law and prevent complaints against foreign leaders that have provoked vehement criticism from the US.
    (AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 22, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, some 800,000 danced their way through one of the world's biggest gay pride parades.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 22, In Djibouti an explosion caused by a bomb dropped from a B-52 killed a U.S. Marine and wounded eight U.S. service members during a training exercise.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 22, Greece seized a Comoros-flagged cargo ship that wandered the Mediterranean Sea with 750 tons of explosives on board. The Baltic Sky set off from Gabes, Tunisia, last month with the explosives and 8,000 detonators and fuses destined for Sudan.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 22, In western India a passenger train hit boulders spilled on the track by a landslide, causing four cars to derail and killing 51 people.
    (AP, 6/23/03)(AP, 6/24/03)
2003        Jun 22, Iraq returned to world oil markets with its first crude oil exports since the U.S.-led invasion. A fuel pipeline exploded and caught fire west of Baghdad, a possible act of sabotage that sent flames high into the sky.
    (AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 22, Thousands of workers at South Korea's oldest bank ended a five-day strike by agreeing to a deal that guaranteed wage hikes and job security. Workers objected to the sale of the state bank to Shinhan Financial Group.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.71)
2003        Jun 22, Russian private television station whose critical reporting had irritated the Kremlin was taken off the air and replaced by a state-run sports channel.
    (AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 22, Tajiks voted on changes to their constitution that would allow President Emomali Rakhmonov to potentially stay in power for another 17 years. An overwhelming majority of voters approved the constitutional change.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(AP, 6/23/03)

2003        Jun 23, Former Vermont Gov. Howard Dean announced that he's running for president.
    (WSJ, 6/23/03, p.A4)
2003        Jun 23, The US Supreme Court, in Grutter v. Bollinger, upheld a University of Mich. law school admissions policy that gave minorities an edge, ruling 6-3 that race can be one of many factors that colleges consider when selecting their students. A point system for undergraduate admission was ruled unconstitutional.
    (AP, 6/23/03)(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 23, The US Supreme Court ruled that Congress can require libraries to install filters on computers to screen out pornography.
    (SFC, 6/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 23, Judith Miller, reporter for the NY Times, met with Lewis Scooter Libby, chief of staff for VP Dick Cheney, who gave her information about CIA operative Valery Plame. Reporter Bob Woodward also spoke with Libby on this day and on June 27 and in 2005 testified that Libby made no mention of Plame. Woodward did say another senior government official told him about Plame and her role in the CIA in mid-June.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(SFC, 11/17/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A5)
2003        Jun 23, Apple Computer Inc. introduced new Macintosh computers that use its "G5" microprocessor, a design by IBM Corp. that can handle twice as much data at once as traditional PC microchips.
    (Reuters, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 23, The WSJ reported that General Motors had launched a $13 billion debt offering to shore up its pension funds. Strong demand pushed it to $17 billion, the largest ever by a US company.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)
2003        Jun 23, Idec Pharmaceuticals Corp. said it agreed to acquire Biogen Inc. in a $6.79 billion stock-for-stock transaction. The deal would create the world's 3rd largest biotech company.
    (AP, 6/23/03)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)
2003        Jun 23, The US-led civil administrators announced the creation of a new Iraqi army.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 23, Maynard Jackson Jr. (65), former black mayor of Atlanta (1973-1993), died.
    (SFC, 6/24/03, p.A21)
2003        Jun 23, The head of the IMF met with Argentina's new government, opening a 2-day visit to hear how Pres. Kirchner plans to confront the country's worst economic crisis in history.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 23, The World Health Organization removed Hong Kong from its list of SARS-infected areas.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 23, India's PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee, making the first visit to China by a leader of his nation in a decade, told his Premier Wen Jiabao that he hoped for friendship and trust between the nuclear-armed former rivals.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 23, In Iran Zahra Kazemi (54), a Montreal-based journalist, was detained after taking pictures of Tehran's notorious Evin prison. She died Jul 11 of brain hemorrhage from inflicted blows. Iran later admitted that she was murdered while under police custody. Her family sought $14 million in damages, but a 1985 Canadian law held that foreign states are immune from the jurisdiction of Canadian courts.
    (AP, 7/13/03)(SFC, 7/17/03, p.A7)(WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/6/09, p.A26)
2003        Jun 23, The main rebel group in Liberia said it was pulling out of peace talks and accused the top peace mediator of allowing Pres. Taylor to renege on a promise to step down.  Swiss authorities ordered a freeze on any bank accounts of Pres. Charles Taylor, so war crimes prosecutors can search for possible illegal diamond profits linked to West Africa's conflicts.
    (AP, 6/23/03)

2003        Jun 24, Pres. Bush met with Pakistan's Pres. Musharraf and promised a $3 billion aid package that did no included F-16s.
    (WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 24, The WHO lifted its warning against travel to Beijing due to SARS.
    (SFC, 6/25/03, p.A7)
2003        Jun 24, In central Colombia the bullet-riddled bodies of industrialist Helmut Bickenbach (68) and his wife Doris Gil (65), Miss Columbia (1957), were found by an army patrol lying in a ditch, with their hands bound. They had been kidnapped 6 months earlier.
    (AP, 6/25/03)
2003        Jun 24, Finland's parliament elected Matti Vanhanen as PM.
    (SFC, 6/25/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 24, An Air France Concorde bound for a German museum landed in Germany.
    (AP, 6/23/04)
2003        Jun 24, In Majar al-Kabir, Iraq, British troops in the Shiite south killed 4 Iraqis in a gunbattle. In response a 400-strong Iraqi mob descended on the police station and murdered 6 British troops. 8 suspects were later detained. One was released in 2009 and cases against 5 were dropped in 2010. Two suspects were held for trial. On Oct 10, 2010, a Baghdad court cleared two Iraqi men accused of taking part in the mob slaying.
    (WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)(BS, 6/26/03, 12A)(AP, 8/15/10)(AP, 10/10/10)
2003        Jun 24, Israel arrested more than 130 Palestinians in the West Bank city of Hebron, targeting Hamas as the Palestinian government awaited word on whether the Islamic militant group would agree to a cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/24/03)
2003        Jun 24, Pres. Vladimir Putin flew to London to be feted as the guest of Queen Elizabeth II in the first state visit by a Russian leader to Britain since Czar Alexander II in 1874.
    (AP, 6/24/03)

2003        Jun 25, The US Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates by one-quarter percent. The new 1% rate was the lowest since 1958.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 1A)
2003        Jun 25, The music industry threatened to sue hundreds of individual computer users who were illegally sharing music files online.
    (AP, 6/25/04)
2003        Jun 25, Lester Maddox (87), segregationist and former Georgia governor (1967-1970), died in Atlanta.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 5A)(AP, 6/25/08)
2003        Jun 25, An Australian military spokesman said the army will kill as many as 15,000 kangaroos to keep a southeastern army base from being overgrazed.
    (AP, 6/25/03)
2003        Jun 25, The Malaysia Parliament passed a post secondary school National Service Bill to encourage nation building by integrating participants in a state-run summer camp.
    (Econ, 10/23/04, p.44)
2003        Jun 25, Three Palestinian militant groups agreed to halt attacks on Israel for 3 months.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 1A)
2003        Jun 25, Yemeni troops killed at least 6 Islamic militants during an attack on a mountain hideout following failed negotiations.
    (SFC, 6/26/03, p.A10)

2003        Jun 26, The US Supreme court, in Lawrence v. Texas, struck down a Texas sodomy law and proclaimed that gay Americans have a right to private sexual relations. The court ruled 6-3 that laws prohibiting sexual acts between members of the same sex are unconstitutional. In 2012 Dale Carpenter authored Flagrant conduct: The Story of Lawrence v. Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_v._Texas)(SFC, 6/27/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/18/12, p.F1)
2003        Jun 26, The US Supreme court ruled that a provision of the 1994 California penal code that extended the statute of limitations for child molestation was unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 26, A jury in Fort Worth, Texas, convicted former nurse's aide Chante Mallard of murder for hitting a homeless man with her car, driving home with his mangled body jammed in the windshield and leaving him to die in her garage. Mallard was later sentenced to 50 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/26/04)(AP, 6/26/08)
2003        Jun 26, Strom Thurmond (1902-2003), former South Carolina Senator, died at 100.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 26, Researchers said the Amazon rain forest is disappearing at an increasing rate, mainly because of a growing appetite for farm land.
    (AP, 6/26/03)
2003        Jun 26, The 24th annual Montreal Jazz Festival opened. By Jul 6 it had drawn some 1.7 million attendees.
    (WSJ, 7/10/03, p.D8)
2003        Jun 26, Canada's health ministry approved a "safe injection site" for illegal drug users in Vancouver. After 5 years it was found that only about 500 of the citys 8,000 addicts used the Insite program on a daily basis and that there was no decrease in HIV cases.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.D1)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.37)
2003        Jun 26, Sir Denis Thatcher (88), husband of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, died in London.
    (AP, 6/26/04)
2003        Jun 26, In Monrovia, Liberia, 3 days of rocket and mortar fire left at least 200 civilians dead.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.A17)

2003        Jun 27, The American public poured an avalanche of discontent into the new national do-not-call list, registering over 735,000 phone numbers on the 1st day.
    (AP, 6/28/03)(SFC, 6/28/03, p.A1)(www.donotcall.gov)
2003        Jun 27, The Central African Republic's former PM fled after being granted asylum in France, ending five months holed up in the French Embassy after a coup here.
    (AP, 6/27/03)
2003        Jun 27, In India thousands of fish in the Gomati River died when monsoon rains sent a huge overflow of untreated sewage into the water, causing a drastic drop in oxygen levels. The fish were already ailing from the persistent flow of untreated sewage. A cleanup was important because Lucknow's 2 million people depend on the river for drinking water.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2003        Jun 27, Israeli and Palestinian leaders agreed for Israel to begin withdrawing forces from areas of the Gaza Strip and returning security control to Palestinian officers. In 33 months of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, 2,414 people have been killed on the Palestinian side and 806 on the Israeli side.
    (AP, 6/27/03)(SFC, 6/28/03, p.A1)

2003        Jun 28, The Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium opened in Dubuque, Iowa.
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.C12)
2003        Jun 28, After days of intense searching by ground and air, U.S. forces found the bodies of two soldiers missing north of Baghdad, as the toll of American dead since the start of war topped the grim milestone of 200.
    (AP, 6/28/04)
2003        Jun 28, An Islamic Jihad leader announced that the group accepted a conditional three-month halt to attacks on Israelis the first open confirmation of the deal from a militant leader.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2003        Jun 28, Two suspected Islamic militants stormed an army camp in Kashmir, killing 12 soldiers before being slain themselves.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2003        Jun 28, West African leaders promised to deploy a peace force of at least 5,000 troops to warring Liberia after a cease-fire has been reached, and said France had offered soldiers and logistical support.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2003        Jun 28, Malawi's army was deployed to quell violent riots after demonstrators attacked an American children's charity and several churches to protest the removal of five Muslim foreign nationals suspected of working for al-Qaida.
    (AP, 6/29/03)

2003        Jun 29, SF held its 33rd annual SF Gay Pride parade on Market St.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.A2)
2003        Jun 29, In Chicago a wooden third-floor porch packed with dozens of friends in their early 20s collapsed, killing 12 people as it pancaked onto porches below.
    (AP, 6/29/03)
2003        Jun 29, Joseph Parker (30), a bagger at Albertson's in Irvine, Ca.,, killed 2 people with a sword before police fatally shot him.
    (SFC, 6/30/03, p.B4)
2003        Jun 29, Bernard A. Goldhirsh (b.1940), founder of Inc. Magazine, died of brain cancer. He sold Inc. after his diagnosis in 2000 and gave $20 million to his employees and put $50 million into the Goldhirsh Foundation.
    (www.goldhirshfoundation.org/biography.htm)(WSJ, 7/20/06, p.B1)
2003        Jun 29, Katharine Hepburn (b.1907), film actress, died at Old Saybrook, Conn. Her Oscars were for "Morning Glory" (1933); "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (1967); "The Lion in Winter" (1968); and "On Golden Pond" (1981). Her books included "Me: Stories from My Life" (1991). In 2006 William J. Mann authored Kate: The Woman Who Was Hepburn.
    (AP, 6/30/03)(SFC, 6/30/03, p.A11)(SFC, 10/5/06, p.E1)
2003        Jun 29, In Bangladesh monsoon floods claimed 45 lives in the past four days, washing away many houses and displacing thousands of villagers.
    (AP, 6/29/03)
2003        Jun 29, Warring sides in Congo agreed on the formation of a unified military.
    (AP, 6/29/03)
2003        Jun 29, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder announced a plan to bring forward tax cuts worth about $20.6 billion, a move that could inject new life into Europe's largest economy.
    (AP, 6/29/03)
2003        Jun 29, Hong Kong and China signed a free-trade agreement, the Closer Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA).
    (AP, 6/29/03)(Econ, 6/30/07, SR p.11)
2003        Jun 29, In Iraq US forces launched a massive operation to crush insurgents and capture senior figures from the ousted regime.
    (AP, 6/29/03)
2003        Jun 29, The militant Hamas and Islamic Jihad groups agreed to suspend attacks against Israel for three months.
    (AP, 6/29/03)
2003        Jun 29, Transportation across South Korea was disrupted as railway workers opposed to a government privatization plan went on strike for a second day.
    (AP, 6/29/03)

2003        Jun 30, Buddy Hackett (78), comedian and film actor born as Leonard Hacker, died in Malibu, Ca. His films included "The Music Man" (1962).
    (SFC, 7/1/03, p.A2)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E9)(AP, 6/30/08)
2003        Jun 30, Joseph P. Overton (b.1960), a Senior Vice President of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, died from injuries suffered in crash while piloting an ultralight aircraft near Caro, Michigan. He had described an approach to identifying which ideas define the domain of acceptability within a democracy's possible governmental policies. The Overton window, also known as the window of discourse, is the range of ideas tolerated in public discourse.
2003        Jun 30, In Algeria a military plane slammed into a house west of the capital, killing at least 12 people, including women and children on the ground.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, In Chechnya armed thieves opened fire on a crowd of Chechen villagers as they were collecting unemployment benefits, killing four and wounding at least eight.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, American troops detained the U.S.-appointed mayor of Najaf, Iraq, accusing him of kidnapping and corruption.
    (AP, 6/30/04)
2003        Jun 30, In Iraq 10 people died in a masque blast in Fallujah. US military later said the blast was due to an accident during a "bomb manufacturing class." US ground commanders said there was no evidence of a bomb factory and residents blamed a US war plane.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)(SFC, 7/3/03, p.A10)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.A17)
2003        Jun 30, Israeli and Palestinian commanders shook hands, bulldozers dismantled checkpoints and Palestinian traffic flowed freely in the Gaza Strip. A Palestinian shooting killed a Romanian truck driver in the West Bank.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, Ivory Coast Rebels announced that they were suspending participation in the power-sharing government, accusing the government of violating an agreement ending nine months of civil war.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, A Laotian court sentenced two European journalists and an American pastor to 15 years in jail for the slaying of a village security official. They were released Jul 9.
    (AP, 6/30/03)(AP, 7/9/03)
2003        Jun 30, In Nigeria a general strike called to protest massive fuel-price increases paralyzed the major cities. Police fired tear gas to break up mobs of banner-waving workers and roving armed gangs.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, Pakistan's new ambassador to India arrived to take up his post, saying his country was ready to restore normal ties with its nuclear rival after a gap of 18 months.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, Beatriz Merino (55), Peru's first female PM debuted, pledging to bring discipline and austerity to the beleaguered government amid hopes her appointment will help salvage Alejandro Toledo's presidency.
    (AP, 7/1/03)
2003        Jun 30, In Moscow an investigation of 700 police officers of the criminal Investigation Dept. began as "Operation Werewolves" continued into a 2nd week.
    (SFC, 7/3/03, p.A14)
2003        Jun 30, Foreign ministers from 16 South Pacific nations endorsed a plan to send more than 2,000 troops and police to impose civil order in the Solomon Islands. The military component of the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) ended in 2013.
    (AP, 7/3/03)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.39)

2003        Jun, China began a new $15.7 billion investment fund as an alternative to its dilapidated pension system.
    (WSJ, 8/26/03, p.C1)
2003        Jun, Libya announced it was breaking off diplomatic ties with Iraq and closing its embassy shortly after the US-led invasion of the country earlier this year.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)
2003        Jun, Ahmed Omar Abu Ali (22), a US citizen, was arrested in Medina as Saudi authorities were investigating a wave of bombings. He was convicted in 2005 in a Virginia federal court of conspiring with Al-Qaida. In 2008 a federal appeals court upheld the conviction, but ordered a new sentencing hearing. In 2009 he was sentenced to life in prison for plotting to kill Pres. George W. Bush.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.A14)(SFC, 6/7/08, p.A3)(SFC, 7/28/09, p.A5)

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