Timeline of 2003 January - March 

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2003        Jan 1, Oklahoma romped past Washington State 34-14 in the Rose Bowl; Georgia defeated Florida State 26-13 in the Sugar Bowl; Notre Dame saw its sixth straight bowl loss, losing to North Carolina State 28-6 in the Gator Bowl.
    (AP, 1/1/04)
2003        Jan 1, More than two dozen surgeons stopped working in West Virginia to protest the high cost of malpractice insurance.
    (AP, 1/1/04)
2003        Jan 1, U.S. and British warplanes attacked an Iraqi mobile radar system after it entered the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 1/1/03)
2003        Jan 1, Joe Foss (87), former South Dakota Gov. and World War II hero who also served as president of the National Rifle Association and commissioner of the American Football League, died at an Arizona hospital.
    (AP, 1/1/04)
2003        Jan 1, In Bosnia the EU hoisted its dark blue banner to officially mark the transfer of peacekeeping duties from the United Nations, while NATO-led troops handed over control of Sarajevo's airport to Bosnian authorities.
    (AP, 1/1/03)
2003        Jan 1, Brazil's first elected leftist president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, took office. Gilberto Gill (60), musician, became minister of culture.
    (SFC, 1/2/03, p.A3)(AP, 1/1/04)
2003        Jan 1, In Canada a new gun law came into effect that required the registration of all rifles and shotguns.
    (AP, 1/2/03)
2003        Jan 1, In Gaza 3 Palestinian boys were shot and killed by soldiers after scaling a fence around Jewish settlements. Thousands of Palestinians marched in the West Bank and Gaza Strip to mark the 38th anniversary of the founding of Arafat's Fatah movement.
    (AP, 1/2/03)(SFC, 1/2/03, p.A5)
2003        Jan 1, Dumitru Tinu (62), a leading Romanian journalist who covered the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and steered his newspaper along independent lines after communism ended, died in a car accident.
    (AP, 1/1/03)

2003        Jan 2, President Bush, seeking to counter Democratic criticisms that his economic policies favored the rich, said the economic-stimulus plan he was going to unveil the following week would focus on jobs and the unemployed.
    (AP, 1/2/04)
2003        Jan 2, Sen. John Edwards of North Carolina announced that he would seek the Democratic nomination for president.
    (WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)
2003        Jan 2, Sydney Omarr (76), the astrologer to the stars whose horoscopes appeared in more than 200 newspapers, died in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 1/2/04)
2003        Jan 2, It was reported that scientists had mapped chromosome 14, the 4th of 24 and longest sequenced to date.
    (AP, 1/2/03)
2003        Jan 2, A Palestinian gunman was killed several hours after he tried to shoot an Israeli couple and then holed up inside their house in the Israeli village of Maor.
    (AP, 1/2/03)
2003        Jan 2, A motorized rubber boat carrying 41 illegal immigrants sank off the southern coast of Spain, and six passengers drowned.
    (AP, 1/2/03)

2003        Jan 3, Ohio State beat Miami in the Fiesta Bowl 31-24 in double overtime to become the national college football champion.
    (SFC, 1/4/03, p.C1)
2003        Jan 3, President George W. Bush visited Fort Hood in Texas, where he rallied Army troops as the nation faced the prospect of war with Iraq.
    (AP, 1/3/04)
2003        Jan 3, David Westerfield, the man who'd kidnapped and murdered 7-year-old neighbor Danielle van Dam, was sentenced to death by a judge in San Diego.
    (AP, 1/3/04)
2003        Jan 3, In Brazil Pres. Silva delayed a plan to spend $700 million on jet fighters. The military's $7.4 billion budget is scheduled to be cut by $282 million.
    (AP, 1/3/03)
2003        Jan 3, Ivory Coast Pres. Laurent Gbagbo pledged to cease hostilities and send home foreign mercenaries fighting with loyalist troops.
    (AP, 1/3/03)
2003        Jan 3, A Peruvian court struck down anti-terror laws that had been used to quash rebel movements in the 1990s.
    (AP, 1/3/03)
2003        Jan 3, Jose Maria Gironella (85), Spanish author, died. His work included "The Cypresses Believe in God," a trilogy based on the 1936-1939 Civil War, for which he won the 1953 National Literary prize.
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.B5)
2003        Jan 3, In Caracas, Venezuela, clashes between opponents and supporters of Pres. Chavez left at least eighty people wounded.
    (AP, 1/3/03)

2003        Jan 4, Pres. Bush said he will ask Congress to boost federal education aid for poor children by $1 billion. As Bush put the finishing touches on an economic growth package costing $674 billion over 10 years, Democrats who wanted his job, pledged to scuttle what they characterized as a plan that would help the wealthy without reviving the economy.
    (AP, 1/4/03)(AP, 1/4/04)
2003        Jan 4, Clonaid, the company that claims to have produced the first human clone, said a second child was born to a Dutch lesbian Jan 3.
    (AP, 1/5/03)(SSFC, 1/5/03, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonaid)
2003        Jan 4, Conrad L. Hall (76), Oscar-winning cinematographer, died in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 1/4/04)
2003        Jan 4, In Algeria Islamic militants (GSPC) ambushed a military convoy in the northeast village of Theniet el-Abed. 43 soldiers were killed and 19 wounded.
    (AP, 1/5/03)
2003        Jan 4, In southern Iran a bus carrying university students overturned on a rain-slick road, killing 15 people and injuring 18 others.
    (AP, 1/5/03)
2003        Jan 4, Ivory Coast's main rebel movement agreed to respect an oft-violated cease-fire and to resume peace talks with the government later this month in Paris.
    (AP, 1/4/03)
2003        Jan 4, A boat from Somalia to Yemen developed engine trouble and capsized and at least 80 people were feared dead.
    (AP, 1/16/03)

2003        Jan 5, In Edinburg, Texas, 6 men were shot to death in a home invasion that involved weapons and drugs.
    (SFC, 1/6/03, p.A8)
2003        Jan 5, Jean Kerr (79), author and playwright, died. Her books included "Please Don't Eat the Daisies."
    (SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)
2003        Jan 5, In Algeria rebels killed 13 people form 2 families near the capital in Zabana.  The Armed Islamic Group was suspected.
    (AP, 1/5/03)
2003        Jan 5, In Bhutan Indian separatists said 50 Indian soldiers attacked their camps. 15 soldiers and 7 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 1/8/03, p.A16)
2003        Jan 5, British anti-terrorism police arrested 6 men of North African origin after finding small quantities of ricin, a lethal poison, in a London apartment.
    (SFC, 1/8/03, p.A10)
2003        Jan 5, Roy Jenkins (82), British politician, liberal reformer and biographer, died after collapsing at his home in East Hendred.
    (WSJ, 1/14/03, p.D6)
2003        Jan 5, Chinese media reported that an unmanned Chinese space capsule had returned safely to Earth.
    (AP, 1/5/04)
2003        Jan 5, In Israel 2 Palestinian suicide bombers blew themselves up minutes apart in a central Tel Aviv area crowded with foreign workers, killing 23 bystanders in the bloodiest attack in six months.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2003        Jan 5, In Kosovo gunmen killed 3 people including Tahir Zemaj, a former Albanian rebel leader.
    (WSJ, 1/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 5, In Lithuania rightist Rolandas Paksas (46), a former stunt pilot and PM in 1999 and 2000, was elected president in a surprise victory over Pres. Adamkus, 54.9% vs. 45%. Paksas promised to keep Lithuania closely aligned with the West. The election of Paksas was bankrolled by Yuri Borisov, a Russian-born dealer in helicopter parts.
    (AP, 1/6/03)(Econ, 1/10/04, p.46)
2003         Jan 5, The Laos government declared this day a national holiday in honor of King Fangum, "the father of Lao unity" and the 650th anniversary of the founding of Lan Xang in1353.
    (AP, 1/6/03)

2003        Jan 6, US Surgeon General Dr. Richard Carmona called obesity the fastest growing cause of illness and death in the US.
    (SFC, 1/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 6, U.S. warplanes bombed two Iraqi anti-aircraft radars that threatened pilots patrolling the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 6, Thousands of Marines, sailors and soldiers headed for the Persian Gulf region, shipping out from California, Georgia and Maryland as the buildup for a possible war with Iraq accelerated sharply.
    (AP, 1/6/04)
2003        Jan 6, California Gov. Davis promised to create 500,000 new jobs over the next 4 years.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 6, The WSJ reported that Int'l. Steel offered about $1 billion to buy most of the assets of Bethlehem Steel, creating the largest US steel company.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Jan 6, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein accused U.N. inspectors of engaging in "intelligence work" instead of searching for suspected nuclear, chemical and biological weapons in his country.
    (AP, 1/6/04)
2003        Jan 6, Rebels in western Ivory Coast attacked French troops and French officials said 30 rebels were killed and nine soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 1/6/03)
2003        Jan 6, In Kenya 12 people were killed when members of the outlawed Mungiki sect attacked minibus operators over control of bus stops in Nakuru, 84 miles northwest of Nairobi. 38 people were soon arrested.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 6, In Mexico a bus with failing brakes swerved off a mountain highway and into a deep ravine in Zacatecas state, killing 18 people and injuring 23.
    (AP, 1/7/03)

2003        Jan 7, Pres. Bush put forward a $674 billion "growth and jobs" economic stimulus plan that would provide tax relief to an estimated 92 million Americans by accelerating income tax rate cuts, wiping out all federal taxes on stock dividends paid to investors and boosting the child tax credit by $400 per child.
    (AP, 1/7/03)(SFC, 1/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 7, US Marines, both active and reserves, were ordered to remain in service for the coming 12 months.
    (SFC, 1/10/03, p.A12)
2003        Jan 7, Police in London announced they had found traces of the deadly poison ricin in a north London apartment and arrested six men in connection with the virulent toxin that has been linked to al-Qaida terrorists and Iraq.
    (AP, 1/7/04)
2003        Jan 7, In Colombia rebels ambushed a police convoy near the capital, killing at least 8 officers and wounding 5 in a bold, daylight attack.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 7, In Congo a military court convicted and sentenced 26 people to death in the Jan 16, 2001 assassination of Congo's president, Laurent Kabila.
    (AP, 1/7/03)(SFC, 1/8/03, p.A16)
2003        Jan 7, In Egypt Orthodox Christmas was marked for the first time as a national holiday in this predominantly Muslim nation.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 7, Israeli troops exchanged fire with Palestinian militiamen for 4 hours, killing 3 gunmen before withdrawing from the outskirts of a refugee camp. The Israeli government put new restrictions on travel by Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/7/03)(SFC, 1/8/03, p.A11)
2003        Jan 7, In South Africa a passenger train collided with a freight train, killing 10 people and injuring 49.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 7, In northeastern Uganda rival tribesmen armed with spears and guns clashed over cattle, leaving at least 52 people dead in two days of fighting. At least 35 Pokot and 17 Karamojong were killed.
    (AP, 1/10/03)

2003        Jan 8, Pres. Bush signed an emergency extension of federal unemployment benefits following approval by the 108th Congress. It extended 26 weeks of state aid with 13 weeks of federal aid.
    (SFC, 1/9/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 8, A federal appeals court ruled that Pres. Bush could order U.S. citizens captured overseas indefinitely detained as enemy combatants without the rights normally afforded citizens charged in criminal cases.
    (AP, 1/8/04)
2003        Jan 8, In Charlotte, NC, a US Airways Express Beech 1900 turboprop crashed on takeoff and all 21 aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 1/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Jan 8, In Mali the 3rd annual Festival of the Desert ended in Essakane.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.D1)
2003        Jan 8, Manuel Ciervides Lacayo, the Panamanian consul to Guayaquil, Ecuador, was shot and killed while vacationing in Panama.
    (AP, 1/9/03)
2003        Jan 8, In Turkey the pilot of the British Aerospace RJ-100 missed the runway because of heavy fog in the southeastern city of Diayarbakir. 75 people were killed with 5 survivors.
    (AP, 1/9/03)(WSJ, 1/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 8, A UN team was reported to be investigating reports that Congolese rebel troops had killed and eaten Pygmies in northeastern Congo. UN authorities confirmed the reports Jan 15 and identified the rebel campaign as "Operation Clean Slate."
    (AP, 1/8/03)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A9)

2003        Jan 9, The Bush administration said federal airport security screeners will not be allowed to unionize so as not to complicate the war on terrorism.
    (WSJ, 1/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 9, Peter Tinniswood (66), British author of plays for TV, radio and stage, died from cancer.
    (AP, 1/10/03)
2003        Jan 9, Six Russian soldiers and police officers were killed in Chechnya in the last 24 hours. Another 9 Russian soldiers died when their convoy came under rebel fire in Grozny. Two rebels were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 1/10/03)(AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 9, In northeast Colombia rebels detonated a car bomb that killed 4 people in a 2nd attack in 2 days.
    (WSJ, 1/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 9, India's PM Vajpayee announced the introduction of legislation for dual citizenship for people of Indian origin in "certain countries."
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A4)
2003        Jan 9, UN weapons inspectors said there's no "smoking gun" to prove Iraq has nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, but they demanded that Baghdad provide private access to scientists and fresh evidence to back its claim that it had destroyed its weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2003        Jan 9, A Peruvian airliner carrying 46 people, including eight children, disappeared amid cloud-covered mountains in the Amazon jungle. On Jan 11 rescue workers found the wreckage of TANS Airlines Flight 222, a Fokker 28 near the jungle town of Chachapoyas. There were no survivors.
    (AP, 1/9/03)(AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 9, In southeastern Turkey 2 Turkish F-4 warplanes collided in heavy fog during a training flight killing the four crew members.
    (AP, 1/9/03)
2003        Jan 9, Thousands of Venezuelan bank workers stayed home to support a nationwide strike seeking new presidential elections.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

2003        Jan 10, The US Labor Dept. reported that 101,000 jobs were lost in December with 8.6 million (6%) officially unemployed.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 10, With just three days left in office, Illinois Gov. George Ryan pardoned four death row inmates he said had been tortured by Chicago police into falsely confessing to murders in the 1980's.
    (AP, 1/10/04)
2003        Jan 10, An Australian euthanasia campaigner complained that customs officials seized a machine he designed to help people kill themselves as he prepared to board a flight to the United States.
    (AP, 1/10/03)
2003        Jan 10, Benin's National Voodoo Day drew about 12,000 people.
    (AP, 1/10/03)
2003        Jan 10, Djiboutians chose a new 65-seat parliament in elections. Parties allied with Pres. Ismael Omar Guelleh swept Djibouti's first multi-party legislative elections. The bloc of four parties known as the Union for the Presidential Majority, or UMP, won 62.7 percent of the vote to 37.3 percent for the four-party opposition alliance known as the Union for a Democratic Alternative.
    (AP, 1/10/03)(AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 10, The European Union proposed a diplomatic initiative to avoid war against Iraq and increased pressure on Washington to pursue a peaceful solution to the crisis over Iraq's arms programs.
    (AP, 1/10/03)
2003        Jan 10, Iraq blocked all e-mail services following a batch of messages from disguised US agencies urging dissent and military defections. Some service was restored the next day.
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A14)
2003        Jan 10, North Korea announced that it was pulling out of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.
    (SFC, 1/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 10, It was reported that an estimated 3,000 Pakistani boys are sold each year to the gulf states to work as camel jockeys.
    (SFC, 1/10/03, p.A17)
2003        Jan 10, In Venezuela opponents of President Hugo Chavez took to the streets as a bank strike prompted authorities to suspend dollar auctions for a second day in a row after Venezuela's currency fell.
    (AP, 1/10/03)

2003        Jan 11, In Illinois out-going Gov. Ryan commuted the sentences of 167 Death Row inmates one day after he freed 4 death row inmates. He called the death penalty process "arbitrary and capricious, and therefore immoral." The 4 death row inmates had all been convicted on evidence gathered by police Lt. Jon Burge. In 2008 Burge was arrested and charged with lying when he denied in 2003 that he and detectives under his command tortured murder suspects.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/11/08)(SFC, 10/22/08, p.A3)
2003        Jan 11, Afghan warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum released 50 members of the Taliban militia captured during fighting more than a year ago.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, The death toll from Bangladesh's coldest winter in six years reached 489. A three-week cold spell in South Asia with near freezing temperatures aggravated by chilly winds raised the total death toll to 779.
    (AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 11, In Brazil mudslides caused by torrential rains near Rio de Janeiro left 17 dead.   
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, In Chechnya 4 Russian servicemen were killed in clashes, while 4 soldiers died when their vehicles struck land mines.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, In northern China an explosion ripped through a coal mine, leaving 34 people missing a day after a blast in a neighboring province killed 8 miners.
    (AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 11, It was reported that former combatants from Liberia and Sierra Leone were pouring into Ivory Coast to fight with the rebels.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.A8)
2003        Jan 11, Japan's Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, wrapping up a three-day visit to the Russian capital, called for the abolition of all nuclear weapons in an address at a leading atomic energy research center.
    (AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 11, North Korea said it might end a self-imposed moratorium on missile testing and warned that it was ready to "mercilessly wipe out" other nations that infringe upon its sovereignty. North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
    (AP, 1/11/03)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)
2003        Jan 11, Philippine army troops have occupied a southern mountain village in Sultan Kudarat province after driving away a large group of Moro Islamic separatists and a kidnap gang in fierce clashes that killed at least 20 rebels and allies.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, Another Turkish prisoner died on a hunger strike, raising the death toll in the protest against Turkey's maximum security prisons to 64 people.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 12, It was reported that the $250 billion-a-year US Medicare program was riddled with conflicts of interest and fraud estimated at $50-75 billion.
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 12, Steve Case announced he was stepping down as chairman of the conglomerate he'd helped to create. Shareholders blamed him for AOL Time Warner's sharp fall in fortunes. The Board soon named Richard Parsons as chairman.
    (AP, 1/12/04)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Jan 12, Maurice Gibb (53), member of the Bee Gees musical group, died in Miami following surgery for a blocked intestine. The group's work included the 1977 "Saturday Night Fever" album.
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A2)
2003        Jan 12, In Argentina former military dictator Leopoldo F. Galtieri (76), who in 1982 led Argentina into the Falkland Islands war against Britain, died.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 12, The death toll from a month-long cold spell rose to 986 people in northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 12, Three missiles fired from an Israeli helicopter missed their apparent target, Islamic militants riding in a car, and killed two 15 year-old Palestinian boys, seriously wounding another teen. In Israel 7 Palestinians, two other Arab attackers and two Israelis were killed in raids and infiltrations.
    (AP, 1/13/03)(SFC, 1/13/03, p.A3)
2003        Jan 12, Kinji Fukasaku (72), Japanese film director, died. His films included "Battle without Honor and Humanity" (1973), "Cops vs. Thugs" (1975), "Yakuza Graveyard" (1976) and "Graveyard of Honor" (1976) and "The Geisha House" (1999).
    (SFC, 1/28/03, p.A15)

2003        Jan 13, Connecticut Sen. Joseph Lieberman jumped into the 2004 race for president.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2003        Jan 13, The owners of FAO Schwarz filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2003        Jan 13, Rock musician Pete Townshend was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. Townshend acknowledged using an Internet Web site advertising child pornography, but said he was not a pedophile and was only doing research for an autobiography dealing with his own suspected childhood sexual abuse; he was eventually cleared of possessing pornographic images of children.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2003        Jan 13, US warplanes struck an anti-ship missile launcher in southern Iraq. US planes also dropped leaflets over An Najaf, about 85 miles southeast of Baghdad. It was the 14th drop in 3 months.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, It was reported that Iraq has experienced a dramatic increase in child cancers in recent years. Blame was cast on the US use of depleted uranium during the 1991 Gulf War.
    (SFC, 1/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 13, Dutch Foreign Minister Jaap de Hoop Scheffer took over as head of the 55-nation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe for 2003. He said the Vienna-based OSCE would sharpen its efforts to improve border security and police cooperation and cut off the flow of cash to terrorist groups.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, UN inspectors took their hunt for banned arms to science and technology colleges in Baghdad, and the top nuclear inspector said his teams' mission would take several more months.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, An Indonesia court sentenced Ang Kiem Soei, a Dutch citizen of Chinese descent, to death for operating what police say was one of the biggest ecstasy factories in Southeast Asia.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, Two Palestinians threw grenades at an Israeli bus in the Gaza Strip and were shot dead by Israeli troops, and an Islamic Jihad activist was killed in an explosion in the West Bank.
    (AP, 1/14/03)
2003        Jan 13, Protesters waved Puerto Rican flags and shouted "Navy get out!" as fighter jets dropped inert bombs over Vieques in what the Navy says will be its last round of training on the island.
    (AP, 1/14/03)
2003        Jan 13, Togo's Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema, celebrated 36 years in power Monday with a military parade, a display derided by opposition groups as "a sheer waste of time."
    (AP, 1/13/03)

2003        Jan 14, Kmart Corporation announced its biggest round of cutbacks yet, saying it would close 326 more stores and eliminate 37,000 more jobs in hopes of getting out of bankruptcy by the end of April 2003. Kmart emerged from Chapter 11 protection in May 2003.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2003        Jan 14, Thousands of General Electric Company employees across the country began a two-day strike to protest higher health insurance costs.
    (AP, 1/14/04)
2003        Jan 14, Hundreds of American soldiers arrived in Israel for joint maneuvers with anti-missile defenses, aimed at protecting against any Iraqi strikes if the United States attacks Iraq.
    (AP, 1/15/03)
2003        Jan 14, In England Constable Stephen Oake was stabbed to death during a raid on a Manchester apartment associated with terror suspects and the poison ricin.
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.A12)
2003        Jan 14, North Korea said that it was running out of patience and warned it was prepared to exercise "options" in its dispute with the United States over its nuclear activities.
    (AP, 1/14/03)

2003        Jan 15, White House budget director Mitchell Daniels predicted federal deficits will exceed $200 billion and probably go over $300 billion in 2004.
    (SFC, 1/16/03, p.A7)(AP, 1/15/04)
2003        Jan 15, A Texas Tech professor was arrested on a complaint of giving false information to the FBI. Authorities said Thomas C. Butler had reported that vials containing deadly bacteria were missing when, in fact, he had destroyed them. Butler was later acquitted at trial of the most serious charges against him, including lying to the FBI.
    (AP, 1/15/04)
2003        Jan 15, Mickey Mouse and The Walt Disney Company scored a big victory as the Supreme Court upheld longer copyright protections for cartoon characters, songs, books and other creations worth billions of dollars.
    (AP, 1/15/04)
2003        Jan 15, The EU Parliament voted to ban the use of animals to test cosmetics by 2009. Imports of cosmetics using animal testing would also be banned.
    (WSJ, 1/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 15, Lufthansa introduced Internet access to passengers on a flight from Germany to Washington DC.
    (SFC, 1/15/03, p.B1)
2003        Jan 15, Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani ended a two-day visit to Mexico's capital, declaring that fighting government corruption will be crucial in lowering crime.
    (AP, 1/15/03)

2003        Jan 16, The Bush administration urged the Supreme Court to strike down admissions policies at the University of Michigan and its law school, arguing that university admissions programs that gave an edge to minority students were unconstitutional.
    (AP, 1/16/04)
2003        Jan 16, The US government announced that men from Bangladesh, Egypt, Jordan, Indonesia and Kuwait will be subject to fingerprints, photographs and interviews in addition to men from 18 other Arab and Muslim countries.
    (SFC, 1/16/03, p.A6)
2003        Jan 16, AOL Time Warner chief executive Dick Parsons was tapped to be the media conglomerate's new chairman, succeeding Steve Case.
    (AP, 1/16/04)
2003        Jan 16, Microsoft announced its 1st dividend along with a stock split.
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 16, The shuttle Columbia carried a crew of 7 for a 16-day mission. Col. Ilan Ramon was aboard as Israel's 1st astronaut. The mission ended in tragedy on Feb. 1, when the shuttle broke up during its return descent, killing all seven crew members.
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.A2)(AP, 1/16/04)
2003        Jan 16, Argentina reached a preliminary agreement with the International Monetary Fund to avoid default.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 16, In Brazil mudslides killed at least 36 people in Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo states.
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.A10)(AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 16, In Colombia a car bomb exploded outside the attorney general's office in Medellin, killing three people and wounding at least 19. Gunmen entered the tiny village of Dos Quebradas and killed a dozen people, leaving surviving villagers terrified and waiting for government forces to arrive. At least 16 people were killed by FARC rebels in villages around San Carlos.
    (AP, 1/16/03)(AP, 1/18/03)(AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 16, The European Union's Court of Justice ordered Spain and Italy to drop national rules on what constitutes chocolate, saying they can no longer bar British and Irish confections made with vegetable fats instead of cocoa butter.
    (AP, 1/16/03)
2003        Jan 16, In Greenland Premier Hans Enoksen, head of the social democratic Siumut party, struck a deal with the island's liberal Atassut party. 2 days earlier Enoksen evicted the left-wing Inuit Ataqatigitt party, leaving the Arctic island of 56,000 without a government. A spat had developed over the use of a healer to chase away evil spirits from government offices.
    (AP, 1/17/03)

2003        Jan 17, Tom Ridge sailed through Senate confirmation hearings on his way to becoming the nation's first Homeland Security Department chief.
    (AP, 1/17/04)
2003        Jan 17, Constellation Brands of Fairport, NY, announced a $1.4 billion acquisition of Australia's BRL Hardy. The combination would form the world's largest wine company.
    (SFC, 1/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 17, Richard Crenna (75), radio, film and TV actor, died.
    (SFC, 1/20/03, p.B4)
2003        Jan 17, Margo Patterson Doss (b.1920), former SF Chronicle columnist, died. In 1961 she began writing her Sunday column “San Francisco at Your Feet" and continued for 30 years. During the last decade of her life she gardened in Bolinas and wrote for the Point Reyes Light.
    (SFC, 1/22/09, p.B1)
2003        Jan 17, Gertrude Janeway (93), the last known widow of a Union veteran from the Civil War, died in Blaine, Tenn. She had married John Janeway in 1927 when he was 81 and she was barely 18.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2003        Jan 17, A bomb ripped through a village in northern Bangladesh during an annual carnival, killing six people and wounding six others.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 17, Parliament of the Bosnian Serb ministate approved a Cabinet and Dragan Mikerevic (48) as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 17, France and Spain opened the new 5.3-mile Somport tunnel through the western Pyrenees mountains.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 17, On the 12th anniversary of the Gulf War, a defiant Saddam Hussein called on his people to rise up and defend the nation against a new U.S.-led attack.
    (AP, 1/17/04)
2003        Jan 17, Iraq and Russia signed three oil agreements for exploration and development of oil fields in southern and western Iraq.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 17, In Kenya FBI informer William Mwaura Munuhe (27) was found dead at his home in the affluent Nairobi suburb of Karen, two days after the US Embassy and Kenyan police tried to trap Rwandan genocide suspect Felicien Kabuga. Munuhe's body was partially dissolved in acid.
    (AP, 1/21/03)(Econ., 5/23/20, p.37)
2003        Jan 17, Massive flooding caused by Cyclone Delfina ravaged parts of Malawi and Mozambique, washing away homes and crops, submerging roads and bridges, and cutting off electricity in the impoverished nations.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 17, Two Palestinian gunmen infiltrated the Jewish settlement of Kiryat Arba, killing an Israeli man as he opened the door of his home and wounding three other people. One gunman was shot and killed in the attack.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 17, Poland Prime Minister Leszek Miller fired his health minister and 2 deputy finance ministers resigned in the 2nd Cabinet reshuffle this month.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 17, Russian prosecutors presented a criminal dossier on feared Soviet secret police chief Lavrenty Beria, including a list of hundreds of women he had allegedly stalked and raped.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 17, The Strategic Partnership with Africa (SPA), made of 15 developed nations, international lending institutions and UN agencies, concluded its annual meeting in Addis Ababa. More than 20 developed nations, lending institutions and UN agencies agreed to increase aid to Africa.
    (AP, 1/17/03)
2003        Jan 17, Turkish troops killed 12 Kurdish rebels in the southeast over the past two days.
    (AP, 1/17/03)

2003        Jan 18, Michelle Kwan won her sixth straight U.S. Figure Skating Championships title and seventh overall; Michael Weiss won his third U.S. men's title.
    (AP, 1/18/04)
2003        Jan 18, In the US tens of thousands rallied in Washington DC in an emphatic dissent against preparations for war in Iraq. As many as 500,000 rallied outside the Capitol. In SF the rally drew at least 100,000 by my count.
    (AP, 1/19/03)(AR)(SSFC, 1/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 18, Heavy bush fires hit Canberra, Australia, killing 4 people. At least 388 homes were destroyed.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 18, In Bolivia a bus slammed into a mountainside outside Cochabamba, killing 28 people and injuring at least 30.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 18, In southern Colombia FARC guerrillas blew up every home in the hamlet of La Union.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 18, The Czech Republic's ruling party nominated former PM Milos Zeman as its new candidate to replace President Vaclav Havel.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, UN officials warned Iraq it was running out of time to cooperate and avoid war.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2003        Jan 18, Israeli soldiers tracked and killed a 2nd Palestinian assailant who fled after an attack on a Jewish outpost in the West Bank. The two slain Palestinians had earlier killed one Israeli and injured three others the previous night.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, Activists in Tokyo carried toy guns filled with flowers, one banner at a Moscow rally read "Iraq isn't your ranch, Mr. Bush," and some 6,000 anti-war protesters in Paris shouted, "Stop Bush! Stop war!"
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, Moroccan rescue workers found the bodies of 16 people who drowned while trying to illegally enter Spain by crossing the Strait of Gibraltar in an inflatable boat.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 18, Serhiy Naboka (47), one of Ukraine's best-known journalists, and a reporter for a U.S.-funded radio station, was found dead in his hotel room.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, In Venezuela at least 100,000 anti-government protesters staged a candlelight march in Caracas.
    (AP, 1/19/03)

2003        Jan 19, In the 60th Golden Globes "The Hours" won as best drama and "Chicago" won as best musical or comedy. Jack Nicholson won for his role in "About Schmidt" and Nicole Kidman won for her role in The Hours. Martin Scorsese won as best director for "Gangs of New York."
    (SFC, 1/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Jan 19, The Oakland Raiders won the AFC title game, beating the Tennessee Titans 41-24. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers took the NFC Championship game, defeating the Philadelphia Eagles 27-10.
    (AP, 1/19/04)
2003        Jan 19, Colombian AUC gunmen kidnapped three Americans (Robert Y. Pelton, Mark Wedeven and Megan A. Smaker) just north of the Colombian border in Panama. The writer and 2 hikers were released Jan 23.
    (AP, 1/22/03)(SFC, 1/24/03, p.A14)
2003        Jan 19,  Hans Blix and Mohamed El Baradei, the chief UN arms inspectors, sat down for urgent talks with Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 19, In Cuba more than 97 percent of voters showed overwhelming support for the nation's socialist system by electing 609 candidates who ran uncontested for parliament.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 19, Francoise Giroud (86), France's 1st minister of women's affairs died. She co-founded one of France's top news magazines and became a powerful force in French post-war journalism at a time when few women were in the business. She published an autobiography in 1997.
    (AP, 1/19/03)(SFC, 1/21/03, p.A18)
2003        Jan 19, In western Mozambique it was reported that 9 people had died of hunger in a village and some 175,000 people in the area are at risk of starvation.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 19, Alfredo Zalce (b.1908), Mexican revolutionary artist, died.
2003        Jan 19, Sierra Leone declared ex-junta leader Johnny Paul Koroma a wanted man linking him to an alleged plot to destabilize the country.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 19, Syria and Iran support Turkey's proposal for a regional summit to seek a peaceful way out of the Iraq standoff. Turkey has offered to hold the summit where Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria would discuss the standoff over Iraq.
    (AP, 1/19/03)

2003        Jan 20, Secretary of State Colin Powell, faced with stiff resistance and calls to go slow, bluntly told the U.N. Security Council that the United Nations "must not shrink" from its responsibility to disarm Saddam Hussein's Iraq.
    (AP, 1/20/04)
2003        Jan 20, Energizer agreed to buy the Shick-Wilkinson Sword razor business for $930 million from Pfizer as it aimed to expand beyond batteries.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Jan 20, Al Hirschfield (b.1903), caricaturist of Hollywood stars, died in NYC at age 99.
    (SFC, 1/21/03, p.A2)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.82)
2003        Jan 20, Pollster Burns W. "Bud" Roper died in Cape Cod, Mass., at age 77.
    (AP, 1/20/04)
2003        Jan 20, In Canada 7 members of a ski party were killed in an avalanche near Durrand Glacier outside of Banff National Park.
    (WSJ, 1/22/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 20, In northeast China a gas explosion tore through a coal mine, killing 16 workers at a facility in the same city where another blast killed scores of miners last year.
    (AP, 1/21/03)
2003        Jan 20, In northern Colombia FARC rebels ambushed a pickup truck carrying policemen, killing 6 officers and their civilian driver in a hail of gunfire and grenades.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 20-27, In Honduras a drastic drop in oxygen in rivers and ponds may have killed 5.5 million fish near the El Cahon hydroelectric plant.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Jan 20, The chief UN arms inspectors and Iraqi officials agreed on practical steps to greater Iraqi cooperation in the UN disarmament program, including Baghdad's encouragement of weapons scientists to submit to private UN interviews.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 20, The UN human rights watchdog elected a Libyan diplomat as its president for this year, despite concern from the United States about the country's poor record on civil liberties and its alleged role in sponsoring terrorism.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 20, An Organization of American States report accused Nicaragua of negligence for authorizing a deal that allowed 3,000 Kalashnikov rifles meant for Panama to go to a Colombian paramilitary militia.
    (AP, 1/21/03)
2003        Jan 20, The leaders of Russia and Belarus reaffirmed their commitment to closer integration under a union treaty that has developed slowly since it was created nearly seven years ago.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 20, Milan Milutinovic, Serbia's former president, surrendered to the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal to face charges that he was complicit in a crackdown on ethnic Albanians.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 20, A powerful earthquake hit the Solomon Islands, causing residents to flee homes and buildings.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 20, In South Africa an execution-style attack at a Cape Town house used as a gay massage parlor killed eight men and badly wounded two.
    (AP, 1/20/03)

2003        Jan 21, The US Census Bureau reported that Hispanics had passed Blacks as the biggest US minority group.
    (WSJ, 1/22/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 21, Thousands of British firefighters walked off the job for the third time in less than three months after failing to resolve a wage dispute with the government.
    (AP, 1/21/03)
2003        Jan 21, Colombian rebels in Arauca state kidnapped an American photographer and a British reporter, the first time foreign journalists were abducted in Colombia's four-decade-long civil war. Scott Dalton and Ruth Morris were freed Feb 1.
    (AP, 2/1/03)(AP, 1/21/04)
2003        Jan 21, Congo's health minister reported that a flu epidemic had killed more than 2,000 people in a far northern province.
    (AP, 1/21/03)
2003        Jan 21, Israel razed 62 shops and market stalls in a Palestinian village Tuesday as troops clashed with protesters.
    (AP, 1/21/03)
2003        Jan 21, In Kuwait American contract worker Michael Rene Pouliat (46) was killed by gunman in an ambush near Camp Doha. Another worker was wounded. Saudi border guards arrested a Kuwaiti suspect the next day.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A11)
2003        Jan 21, Mexico appealed to the World Court to stop the execution of 51 of its citizens in the United States.
    (AP, 1/21/03)
2003        Jan 21, A 7.6-7.8 earthquake ripped through western and central Mexico, killing at least 29 people and leaving 10,000 homeless.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/21/04)
2003        Jan 21, NATO blocked a US request to begin preparations for a military backup in the event of war with Iraq.
    (WSJ, 1/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 21, In Uzbekistan a series of stories posted on the Internet in early Jan before access was cut off have alleged high-level corruption and the president's imminent resignation, stirring rare public debate.
    (AP, 1/21/03)

2003        Jan 22, Opponents and supporters of abortion rights rallied on the 30th anniversary of the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade ruling.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
2003        Jan 22, Maryland's new governor, Robert Ehrlich, declared an end to a moratorium on executions instituted by Gov. Glendening.
    (WSJ, 1/23/03, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.A9)
2003        Jan 22, Bill Maudlin (b.1921), WW-II era cartoonist, died in Newport Beach, Ca. In 1945 he won a Pulitzer Prize for his war cartoons and authored "Up Front," a collection of cartoons and an essay on war. A 2nd Pulitzer followed in 1958. He was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame on May 19, 1991. In 2008 Todd DePastino authored “Bill Maudlin: A Life Up Front." On March 31, 2010, the US Post Office released a first-class denomination ($.44) postage stamp in Mauldin's honor depicting him with WWII characters Willie & Joe.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A2)(WS, 2/22/08, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Mauldin)
2003        Jan 22, In Colombia ELN rebels kidnapped Scott Dalton, photographer and native of Conroe, Texas; and Ruth Morris, a British reporter in Arauca state. They were released Feb 1.
    (AP, 1/23/03)(AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Jan 22, France and Germany joined forces to prevent any U.S.-led war on Iraq. Countering blunt talk of war by the Bush administration, France and Germany defiantly stated they were committed to a peaceful solution to the Iraq crisis.
    (Reuters, 1/22/03)(AP, 1/22/04)
2003        Jan 22, In the Netherlands voters rejected an anti-immigration party and gave 44 seats to the Christian Democrats and 42 to the Labor party.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A10)

2003        Jan 23, The US Senate approved a $390 billion spending bill.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
2003        Jan 23, Broadcom reported a $2.2 billion loss for the year ending Dec 31, 2002, and CEO Henry Nicholas III (42) announced his resignation.
    (WSJ, 6/25/04, p.A1)(www.forbes.com/2003/01/27/cz_sl_0127brcm.html)
2003        Jan 23, In Texas 2 military helicopters collided and 4 marine reservists were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 23, Actress Nell Carter (54) died in Beverly Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 1/24/04)
2003        Jan 23, In Porto Alegre, Brazil, the 3rd World Social Forum began as anti-globalization activists demonstrated at the start of the third annual summit on ways to limit the excesses of global capitalism.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
2003        Jan 23, South and North Korea agreed to peacefully resolve the international standoff over North Korea's nuclear programs after Cabinet-level talks.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
2003        Jan 23,  Hamas gunmen opened fire on a vehicle south of the West Bank city of Hebron and three Israelis were killed. Retaliatory raids wounded 6 in Gaza.
    (AP, 1/23/03)(SFC, 1/24/03, p.A11)
2003        Jan 23, The government of Kuwait said a Kuwaiti had confessed to the Jan. 21 shootings of two U.S. defense workers in Kuwait.
    (AP, 1/24/04)
2003        Jan 23, In northern Peru an explosion leveled an ammunition depot at a military base, killing seven people and injured 95.
    (AP, 1/23/03)

2003        Jan 24, The US Department of Homeland Security under Tom Ridge became the government's 15th Cabinet department.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, The Bush administration's smallpox vaccine program was launched in Connecticut with 4 doctors getting shots.
    (SFC, 1/25/03, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 24, American warplanes bombed an Iraqi air defense site, the 12th strike in the southern flight interdiction zone this month.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, State Street, a US financial services group, registered an exchange traded fund that tracked the S&P 500 share index with the ticket code SPDR.
    (Econ, 1/26/12, p.66)
2003        Jan 24, The IMF approved a $6.78 billion land package to Argentina.
    (SFC, 1/25/03, p.A5)
2003        Jan 24, Czech lawmakers failed for a 2nd time to pick a successor to pres. Havel.
    (WSJ, 1/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 24, In Prague, former Communist Interior Minister Jaromir Obzina (73) died of cancer. In 2001 Obzina was charged with abuse of power for his role in an operation aimed to crush political dissent between 1978 and 1984. The "Asanace" (Sanitation) program focused on some 50 dissidents, signatories of the Charter 77 human rights manifesto, resorting to threats and harsh interrogations to intimidate them and force them to leave the country.
    (AP, 1/29/03)
2003        Jan 24, In Haiti thousands of business leaders, taxi drivers and doctors held a general strike, clamoring for a better life in the poor nation.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, Israeli soldiers killed at least 12 Palestinians as helicopter gunships hit Gaza City with 11 missiles.
    (SFC, 1/25/03, p.A5)(SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A16)
2003        Jan 24, Giovanni Agnelli (81), the patriarch of the Fiat auto company, died in Turin after a months-long illness.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, Ivory Coast negotiators, trying to end a four-month-old civil war, reached a draft peace settlement.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, A plane carrying members of Kenya's new government crashed, killing one minister, two pilots and injuring at least three other members of the government.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, In Spain police arrested 16 suspected al-Qaida terrorists.
    (AP, 1/24/03)

2003        Jan 25, The Sundance Film Festival in Utah gave the grand jury prize to "American Splendor" and the documentary grand prize to "Capturing the Friedmans." The audience award went to "The Station Agent."
    (SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A2)
2003        Jan 25, A computer worm slowed Internet traffic. The "slammer" virus sought vulnerable Microsoft "SQL Server 2000" software.
    (SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 25, NASA launched a spacecraft into orbit to measure all the radiation streaming toward Earth from the sun. The small satellite is called Sorce — for Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment.
    (AP, 1/25/04)
2003        Jan 25, Ivory Coast Pres. Laurent Gbagbo accepted a peace plan to end the 4-month civil war. Former PM Seydou Diarra would lead until new elections.
    (SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 1/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 25, In Nepal suspected Maoist rebels gunned down police chief Krishna Mohan Shrestha along with his wife and bodyguard.
    (SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A14)
2003        Jan 25, Pakistan marked its entry into the space age when its first communication satellite, PAKSAT-I, formally began operations.
    (AP, 1/25/03)
2003        Jan 25, In Venezuela opponents of Pres. Hugo Chavez launched a 24-hour street demonstration to protest a court ruling that postponed a referendum on Chavez's rule.
    (AP, 1/25/03)

2003        Jan 26, Tampa Bay won their first NFL championship over the Oakland Raiders in Super Bowl 37. Rioting erupted on Oakland streets following the Raiders' Super Bowl loss to the Tampa Bucs (48-21).
    (SFC, 1/27/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/26/04)
2003        Jan 26, Secretary of State Colin Powell, citing Iraq's lack of cooperation with U.N. inspectors, said he'd lost faith in the inspectors' ability to conduct a definitive search for banned weapons programs.
    (AP, 1/26/04)
2003        Jan 26, In Cameroon an overcrowded bus swerved into oncoming traffic on the nation's main highway, sparking a five-car pileup that killed at least 70.
    (AP, 1/28/03)
2003        Jan 26, In England historian Hugh Trevor-Roper (b.1914) died. His books included "The Last Days of Hitler" (1947), "The Rise of Christian Europe" (1965), and "The European Witch Craze of the 16th and 17th Centuries." His final work “The Invention of Scotland" was published posthumously in 2008. In 2010 Adam Sisman authored “Hugh Trevor-Roper: The Biography."
    (SFC, 1/27/03, p.B4)(WSJ, 7/26/08, p.W8)(Econ, 7/24/10, p.81)
2003        Jan 26, Annamarie Schimmel (80), a professor emeritus of Islamic studies at Harvard University who also lectured in Germany and Turkey, publishing more than 100 books died in Bonn.
    (AP, 2/2/03)
2003        Jan 26, In Guatemala a security guard opened fire with a shotgun at thousands of people gathered for a political convention of the National Union of Hope party. Isaias Caal Ichich wounded 5 people.
    (AP, 1/27/03)
2003        Jan 26, In Ivory Coast loyalists, enraged by a peace deal with rebels, attacked the French Embassy and army base.
    (SFC, 1/27/03, p.A5)
2003        Jan 26, At the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Bill Gates announced that his charitable foundation will spend $200 million for medical research in poor and undeveloped countries.  In partnership with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMFG) granted $200 million to the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Challenges_In_Global_Health)(SFC, 1/27/03, p.A3)

2003        Jan 27, The Bush administration moved toward a military showdown with Iraq and suggested a decision could come as early as next week after UN inspectors credited Iraq with only limited cooperation in the search for weapons. Meanwhile, chief U.N. inspector Hans Blix charged that Iraq had never genuinely accepted U.N. resolutions demanding its disarmament and warned that "cooperation on substance" was necessary for a peaceful solution.
    (AP, 1/27/03)(SFC, 1/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 27, In Florida over 800 doctors staged a brief walkout to protest rising malpractice insurance costs.
    (WSJ, 1/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 27, A head-on train collision between French and Italian passenger trains killed two people. It appeared to be the result of human error.
    (AP, 1/28/03)
2003        Jan 27, India and Pakistan resumed shelling along the Kashmir border, and New Delhi warned Pakistan it would be "erased from the world map" if Islamabad used nuclear weapons against India.
    (AP, 1/28/03)

2003        Jan 28, Pres. Bush in his State of the Union vowed to use the "full force and might of the U.S. military" if needed to disarm Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Bush pledged of $15 billion for AIDS assistance in Africa, a domestic agenda of tax cuts, medical malpractice caps and a ban on certain late abortions. Bush also announced a $1.2 billion hydrogen fuel initiative.
    (www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030206-2.html)(AP, 1/29/03)(WSJ, 1/29/03, p.A1)

2003        Jan 28, Oregon voters defeated a proposed 3-year income tax hike designed to forestall $310 million in cuts to schools and social services.
    (SFC, 1/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Jan 28, John Philip Thompson (77) died. He expanded his family's business into the nationwide 7-Eleven chain.
    (AP, 1/28/04)
2003        Jan 28, US and Afghan forces battled rebels aligned with renegade leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar in the largest-scale fighting in 10 months. 18 enemy fighters were killed in 2 days of fighting. Norwegian F-16s participated in bombing enemy targets.
    (AP, 1/28/03)(WSJ, 1/29/03, p.A1)(SFC, 1/29/03, p.A8)
2003        Jan 28, A Chinese company began distributing generic drugs for an anti-AIDS cocktail.
    (SFC, 1/29/03, p.A5)
2003        Jan 28, In eastern India a passenger bus caught fire after colliding with a truck carrying paint in dense fog, killing at least 42 people and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 1/28/03)
2003        Jan 28, An explosion leveled a Gaza City house, killing three Palestinians, including a teenage brother and sister, and wounding 11. In Jenin four Palestinians were killed in battles with Israeli troops.
    (AP, 1/28/03)
2003        Jan 28, In Israel PM Ariel Sharon's Likud won with 38 seats, but still needed coalition partners to reach a 61-spot majority in the 120-seat parliament.
    (AP, 1/29/03)(AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Jan 28, Ivory Coast's army said it opposed a new peace deal with rebel forces. Ethnic fighting flared amid violent protests over the proposed peace accord. A 4th day of ethnic clashes reportedly killed 10 people.
    (AP, 1/28/03)(AP, 1/29/03)
2003        Jan 28, Mauritania, an Arab-dominated West African nation, banned anti-U.S. protests and deployed hundreds of security forces in the capital to enforce the prohibition.
    (AP, 1/29/03)
2003        Jan 28, In Mexico, gunmen in San Juan Chamula ambushed police trying to arrest murder suspects, sparking a gunbattle that left 5 people dead.
    (AP, 1/28/03)
2003        Jan 28, Rwanda began releasing 19,000 genocide suspects and former rebels in an effort to ease intense overcrowding in the country's prisons and foster national reconciliation.
    (AP, 1/28/03)
2003        Jan 28, In Sweden Keith Jarrett was named winner of the $117,000 Polar Music Prize, founded in 1989 by Stig Anderson, manager of ABBA.
    (SFC, 1/29/03, p.D8)

2003        Jan 29, The Congressional Budget Office predicted the current year's federal deficit would soar to $199 billion even without President Bush's new tax cut plan or war against Iraq.
    (AP, 1/29/04)
2003        Jan 29, AOL Time Warner posted a record $98.7 billion loss, the biggest in corporate history. It included a $45.5 billion write down on the value of AOL.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Jan 29, In Kinston, NC, 6 people were killed and dozens injured in an explosion at West Pharmaceuticals.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/31/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/29/04)
2003        Jan 29, Leslie Fiedler (85), author and literary critic, died in Buffalo, NY. His 1960 "Love and Death in the American Novel" analyzed the work of mark Twain, Ernest Hemingway and others.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.A26)
2003        Jan 29, In Texas Travis Runnels slashed the throat of Stanley Wiley (38), a supervisor at a state prison shoe factory, while serving a 70-year sentence for aggravated robbery. In 2019 Runnels (46) was executed by lethal injection.
    (SFC, 12/12/19, p.A5)
2003        Jan 29, Frank Moss (b.1911), liberal Utah Democratic Senator (1958-1976), died. His efforts included the addition of Capitol Reef and Canyonlands to the national park system.
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)
2003        Jan 29, US troops took Haji Shahzada (50) from his rural Afghan home in the early hours of the morning and sent him on a bizarre journey to prison in Cuba. Shahzada spent 4 years in jail before being returned home with a letter of innocence.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahzada_%28Guantanamo_Bay_detainee_952%29)(AFP, 1/9/12)
2003        Jan 29, Britain, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain, signed an open letter calling on the peace camp, implicitly Germany, France and Russia, to rally to the U.S. standard against Iraq.
    (WSJ, 1/30/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 29, The body of Abdelmalek Benbara (41), a member of the Algerian prime minister's party reported missing Jan 17, was found in a car in Paris.
    (AP, 1/30/03)
2003        Jan 29, Belgium said oil leaking from the sunken cargo ship Tricolor (Dec 14) is washing up on the Belgian coastline, damaging wildlife and beaches.
    (AP, 1/30/03)
2003        Jan 29, In Cambodia protesters looted and set fire to the Thai Embassy in Phnom Penh. The protest was against a Thai TV star who was quoted in the media as saying Cambodia had stolen the famous Angkor Wat temple from Thailand.
    (AP, 1/29/03)
2003        Jan 29, Iraq responded to chief inspector Hans Blix's tough assessment of its disarmament, accusing him of misrepresenting its record of compliance, offering some new information and pledging continued cooperation.
    (AP, 1/30/03)
2003        Jan 29, Montenegro lawmakers voted to abolish Yugoslavia and replace it with a loose union of semi-independent states called Serbia and Montenegro.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.A8)
2003        Jan 29, Russia's Border Guard Service said the US led anti-terror operation in Afghanistan has done nothing to reduce the flow of illegal drugs from that country.
    (AP, 1/29/03)

2003        Jan 30, President Bush put allies on notice that diplomacy would give way to a decision on war with Iraq in "weeks, not months." Wary world leaders and congressional critics urged patience and demanded proof of Iraq's transgressions.
    (AP, 1/30/04)
2003        Jan 30, Spencer Abraham, US Energy Secretary, said the US would rejoin the $5 billion int'l. project to build an experimental fusion reactor. The US had left the project in 1998.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.A6)
2003        Jan 30, John Snow won confirmation as US Treasury secretary.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Jan 30, Richard Reid, the British citizen and al-Qaida follower who'd tried to blow up a trans-Atlantic jetliner with explosives hidden in his shoes, was sentenced to life in prison by a federal judge in Boston.
    (AP, 1/30/04)
2003        Jan 30, In Afghanistan 4 American soldiers were killed when special operations UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter went down seven miles east of the Bagram Air Base while on a training mission.
    (AP, 1/31/03)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.A11)
2003        Jan 30, Belgium officially recognized gay marriages.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.A9)
2003        Jan 30, Brazil's President Lula da Silva launched his anti-hunger program with a move to provide $14 a month to 1.5 million families, most from the country's poverty-stricken northeast.
    (AP, 1/30/03)
2003        Jan 30, An Israeli undercover unit shot dead two Palestinian militants in Tulkarem, including a militia leader. Army bulldozers demolished a Palestinian vegetable market and closed Palestinian police and TV stations in Hebron.
    (AP, 1/30/03)
2003        Jan 30, Italian police arrested 28 Pakistanis during a routine sweep for illegal immigrants. The arrested possessed explosives, hundreds of forged documents and maps of the Naples area with "sensitive" targets circled.
    (AP, 1/31/03)
2003        Jan 30, Sweden said it will contribute $5.9 million to help Afghanistan repay debts to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
    (AP, 1/30/03)
2003        Jan 30, Thailand sealed its border with Cambodia, recalled its ambassador and sent military planes to evacuate hundreds of terrified Thais after rioters looted and torched its embassy in the Cambodian capital.
    (AP, 1/30/03)

2003        Jan 31, President Bush and British PM Tony Blair met at the White House; Bush said he would welcome a second UN resolution on Iraq but only if it led to the prompt disarming of Saddam Hussein. Pushing for a new resolution, Blair called confronting Iraq "a test of the international community." In 2006 British author Phillippe Sands said in a new edition of his 2005 "Lawless World" that Pres. Bush commented during the 2003 meeting with Blair that the US intended to go to war even if inspectors failed to find evidence of a banned weapons program.
    (AP, 1/31/04)(AP, 2/3/06)
2003        Jan 31, A federal jury in SF found Ed Rosenthal (58), a marijuana advocate, guilty of felony conspiracy and cultivation charges. Judge Charles Breyer did not allow testimony citing 1996 California state voter approval of medical marijuana. On Feb 4 jurors claimed they were duped and called for a new trial.
    (SFC, 2/1/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 31, In Afghanistan, a bomb destroyed the Rambasi Bridge near Kandahar, and killed at least 15 people traveling by bus. Police blamed Taliban and al-Qaida fugitives.
    (AP, 1/31/03)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.A11)
2003        Jan 31, In Australia a commuter train derailed south of Sydney and 9 people were killed.
    (AP, 1/31/03)
2003        Jan 31, Top UN arms inspectors said they would not agree to new talks in Baghdad unless Iraq demonstrated more cooperation and met unspecified conditions.
    (AP, 1/31/03)
2003        Jan 31, Israeli undercover troops killed a fugitive Islamic militant and a Palestinian night watchman in a two-hour gun battle at a Jenin firehouse.
    (AP, 1/31/03)(SFC, 2/1/03, p.A11)
2003        Jan 31, In Mexico City tens of thousands of farmers clogged main streets, demanding greater protection against U.S. imports and seeking more government aid.
    (AP, 1/31/03)
2003        Jan 31, A Russian cargo plane crashed while landing in fog near an airport on East Timor's north coast, killing all six people aboard.
    (AP, 1/31/03)

2003        Jan, Pres. Bush received classified reports from the National Intelligence Council that an American-led invasion of Iraq would increase support for political Islam and result in a deeply divided Iraqi society prone to violent internal conflict.
    (SFC, 9/28/04, p.A3)
2003        Jan, An environmental assessment on Iraq was finalized for the US government. It indicated that Iraqis had ordered 8 million pounds of sodium dichromate, a deadly toxin, to keep water pipes from corroding. Months later US soldiers were sickened after they arrived at the Qarmat Ali water treatment plant. Oregon Nat’l. Guard soldiers sued military contractor KBR in 2009. KBR said it only knew of the presence of the toxin July 2003.
    (SFC, 4/5/12, p.A8)
2003        Jan, In Chechnya 3 construction workers were killed at a checkpoint. In Dec 2007 two Russian officers were convicted by a military court of killing the 3 workers.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2003        Jan, China ended a "100-day campaign" to hunt down North Korean refugees. 3,200 were deported and another 1,300 awaited deportation. A Christian sponsored underground railroad reportedly helped some 300,000 North Koreans escape their homeland.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A14)
2003        Jan, BYD Auto Co., Ltd., the automotive subsidiary of the Chinese multinational BYD Co Ltd, was founded following BYD Company's acquisition of Tsinchuan Automobile Company in 2002. By 2020 BYD was the world's largest maker of electric cars.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BYD_Auto)(Econ., 8/15/20, p.20)
2003        Jan, Eifuku, a $300 million Tokyo-based hedge fund, collapsed. George Soros was believed to have $180 million in the fund.
    (WSJ, 1/30/03, p.C1)
2003        Jan, In Baghdad, Iraq, Hayder Mounthir staged his play "Where Is the Government." The entire cast was briefly jailed after one performance. He re-staged the play at the National Theater with a new ending in Nov.
    (WSJ, 11/10/03, p.A1)

2003        Feb 1, Space shuttle Columbia broke apart in flames over Texas, killing all 7 astronauts just 16 minutes before they were supposed to glide to ground in Florida. The astronauts included Michael P. Anderson (b.1959), David M. Brown (b.1956), Laurel Clark (b.1962), Kalpana Chawla (b.1962), Rick Husband (b.1957), William C. McCool (b.1961) and Ilan Ramon (b.1954). An explosion in the wheel well under the left wing was later suspected as the cause.
    (AP, 2/1/03)(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 1, Former Agriculture Secretary Richard Lyng died in Modesto, Calif., at age 84.
    (AP, 2/1/04)
2003        Feb 1, In  western Canada 7 people were killed in the 2nd fatal avalanche to strike in less than two weeks.
    (Reuters, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, The Lunar Chinese New Year 4701, the Year of the Ram, began.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.A23)
2003        Feb 1, In Colombia leftist guerrillas freed an American photographer and a British reporter.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, Mongo Santamaria (81/85), Cuban-born Latin jazzman, died in Miami.
    (WSJ, 2/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/5/03, p.A22)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E4)
2003        Feb 1, Across France at least 150,000 people, some braving snow, poured into the streets to protest government plans to reform the country's generous, but overburdened, pension system.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, In northern Ireland a protestant paramilitary commander and his friend were gunned down because of an apparent feud within his outlawed group.
    (AP, 2/2/03)
2003        Feb 1, In Ivory Coast nearly 100,000 loyalists marched through Abidjan, burning French flags and calling for the death of the French president in the biggest protest yet against a French-brokered peace deal.
    (AP, 2/2/03)
2003        Feb 1, In Liberia fighting between government and rebel forces raged within 60 miles of Monrovia.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, In northwestern Zimbabwe a crowded passenger train and a freight train with flammable liquid collided, killed at least 50 people and injured about 40.
    (AP, 2/3/03)(AP, 2/1/08)

2003        Feb 2, The search continued for pieces of the space shuttle Columbia, a day after the spacecraft disintegrated during re-entry over Texas, killing all seven astronauts.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2003        Feb 2, Lou Harrison (85), US composer, died. His work melded Asian and Western styles.
    (SFC, 2/4/03, p.A19)
2003        Feb 2, Australia's first cloned sheep, Matilda (b. Apr, 2000) died unexpectedly of unknown causes.
    (AP, 2/7/03)
2003        Feb 2, BP and AAR, a Russian consortium, agreed to combine their Russian oil and gas interests, with each holding a 50% stake in TNK-BP.
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.68)
2003        Feb 2, Chechen rebel attacks and mines killed 5 Russian servicemen and wounded 8.
    (AP, 2/3/03)
2003        Feb 2, In northeastern China, fire tore through the Tiantan Hotel Harbin, killing 33 people at the start of Chinese New Year.
    (AP, 2/2/03)
2003        Feb 2, A tornado tore through remote villages in Bandundu province in central Congo, killing 164 people, destroying homes and ruining crops.
    (AP, 2/6/03)
2003        Feb 2, Vaclav Havel stepped down after 13 years as president of the Czech Republic.
    (AP, 2/2/03)
2003        Feb 2, Indonesian police arrested Mas Selamat bin Kastari, a major terrorist suspect, on the island of Bintang.
    (SFC, 2/4/03, p.A9)
2003        Feb 2, In Kazakhstan Progress M-47 lifted off atop a Soyuz-U rocket to deliver supplies to the int'l. space station.
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.A5)
2003        Feb 2, In Nigeria a powerful explosion destroyed a bank and dozens of apartments above it on Lagos Island, and relief workers reported at least 46 killed and many more trapped.
    (AP, 2/2/03)(AP, 2/3/04)
2003        Feb 2, In the Philippines a two-hour gunbattle involving about 70 New People's Army rebels killed two soldiers and five rebels near the town of Baganga in the southern Davao Oriental province.
    (AP, 2/2/03)

2003        Feb 3, Pres. Bush set forth a $2.2 trillion budget and acknowledged that it would contribute to years of deficits.
    (SFC, 2/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 3, It was reported that the US and Britain had mapped out a strategy to limit arms inspections in Iraq to no more than 6 more weeks.
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 3, Phil Spector (62), rock-n-roll producer, was arrested in LA for murder after Lana Clarkson (40) was found dead in his mansion. In 2007 his murder case ended in a mistrial with a 10-2 deadlock.
    (SFC, 2/4/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/27/07, p.A2)
2003        Feb 3, New Jersey doctors joined the protest against high malpractice insurance premiums.
    (WSJ, 2/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 3, A new British report said Iraqi security agents have bugged every room and telephone of the UN weapons inspectors based in Baghdad and have hidden documents in Iraqi hospitals, mosques and homes.
    (AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Feb 3, In England Margaret Muller, an American artist, was stabbed to death as she ran in London’s Victoria Park. In 2009 The Metropolitan Police said that a 36-year-old man had been arrested on suspicion of the murder and was in custody north of London.
    (AP, 2/4/09)
2003        Feb 3, Germany began its first working day as president of the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Feb 3, Israeli tank fire killed two Palestinian farmers in the Gaza Strip on Monday, and soldiers arrested a leader of Yasser Arafat's Fatah group on the West Bank.
    (AP, 2/3/03)
2003        Feb 3, The Peace Corps resumed work in Peru, nearly three decades after a leftist military government ended the American volunteer program there.
    (AP, 2/3/03)
2003        Feb 3, Venezuela's workers returned to work in all sectors but the vital oil industry after abandoning a two-month-long general strike that failed to oust President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 2/3/04)

2003        Feb 4, Pres. Bush visited the Johnson Space Center in Houston, where he led a tribute to the lost crew of the shuttle Columbia and rededicated the nation to space travel.
    (AP, 2/4/04)
2003        Feb 4, Jerome Hines (81), opera singer died in New York.
    (AP, 2/4/04)
2003        Feb 4, Beauty pageant organizers stripped Miss Brazil of her title after they discovered she was married. Joseane Oliveira (21) was replaced by first runner-up Taiza Thomsen (21).
    (AP, 2/5/03)
2003        Feb 4, France and the UK concluded the Treaty of Le Touquet (formally known as the Treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the French Republic concerning the implementation of frontier controls at sea ports of both countries on the Channel and North Sea). The treaty put British border controls in Calais.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juxtaposed_controls)(Econ, 4/8/17, p.49)
2003        Feb 4, A rare television interview with Saddam Hussein aired in which the Iraqi leader charged that US claims of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons in his country were a pretext to seize Iraq's oil fields.
    (AP, 2/4/04)
2003        Feb 4, In central Pakistan fireworks being loaded into shipping containers caught fire, setting off a series of powerful explosions that killed at least 17 people, including two children, and injured dozens.
    (AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Feb 4, The United Nations indicted 32 people, including 15 Indonesian soldiers, on allegations they tortured and killed East Timorese during the country's bloody split from Indonesia in 1999.
    (AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Feb 4, Venezuela's government suggested a referendum on his rule later this year as a way out of the country's political crisis.
    (AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Feb 4, Yugoslavia's parliament transformed the federation into a loose union between Montenegro and Serbia and retired the name "Yugoslavia."
    (WSJ, 2/5/03, p.A1)

2003        Feb 5, Secretary of State Colin Powell, made his case that Iraq had defied all demands that it disarm, presented tape recordings, satellite photos and statements from informants that he said was "irrefutable and undeniable" evidence that Saddam Hussein is concealing weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 2/5/03)(SFC, 2/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 5, Circuit city dismissed some 3,900 highly paid commissioned salespeople to reduce company expenses.
    (WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 5, It was reported that genealogical research in Utah identified a gene that causes depression.
    (WSJ, 2/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 5, The World Court ruled that the United States must temporarily stay the execution of three Mexican citizens on U.S. death rows.
    (AP, 2/5/03)
2003        Feb 5, Larry LeSueur (93), longtime CBS News radio reporter died in Washington.
    (AP, 2/5/04)
2003        Feb 5, The Israeli military demolished the home of a Palestinian militant in the Gaza Strip, killing an elderly woman inside. Israeli troops killed a total of 5 Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (AP, 2/5/03)(WSJ, 2/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 5, North Korea said that it had reactivated its nuclear facilities and is going ahead with their operation "on a normal footing."
    (AP, 2/5/03)
2003        Feb 5, Heavy rains in northern Mozambique caused flooding that left about 100,000 families homeless, swept away thousands of acres of crops and severely damaged roads and bridges.
    (AP, 2/6/03)

2003        Feb 6, Edging closer to war, President Bush declared "the game is over" for Saddam Hussein and urged skeptical allies to join in disarming Iraq.
    (AP, 2/6/04)
2003        Feb 6, ABC's "20/20" aired a British documentary on Michael Jackson in which the King of Pop revealed he sometimes let children sleep in his bed.
    (AP, 2/6/04)
2003        Feb 6, An inter-African committee on female genital cutting called for an annual observance of Feb. 6 as an international day of zero tolerance of the practice.
    (AP, 2/6/03)
2003        Feb 6, Belgium asked the European Union to call an emergency meeting to discuss a peaceful way out of the Iraq crisis.
    (AP, 2/6/03)
2003        Feb 6, Lord Aberconway (89), a shipbuilding magnate born as Charles Melville McLaren, died in London. He secretly met with Adolf Hitler's aide Hermann Goering weeks before the German invasion of Poland. He inherited his title and the chairmanship of the shipbuilding giant John Brown and the mining company English China Clays when his father died in 1953.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Feb 6, Medical experts headed to northern Republic of Congo to investigate a feared outbreak of Ebola after 16 suspicious deaths.
    (AP, 2/6/03)
2003        Feb 6, Pre-emptive attacks on North Korea's nuclear facilities would trigger a "total war," the communist state warned after Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld labeled the North's government a "terrorist regime."
    (AP, 2/6/03)
2003        Feb 6, Turkey's parliament voted to allow U.S. troops to renovate Turkish bases for use in a possible war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/6/03)

2003        Feb 7, President Bush courted the leaders of France and China in an uphill struggle to win U.N. backing for war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/7/04)
2003        Feb 7, The US moved its terror alert status to orange, the 2nd highest level. Attorney General John Ashcroft said the government had received intelligence information, corroborated by multiple sources, that Osama bin Laden's terror organization sought to attack Americans at home or abroad during the annual hajj pilgrimage to the holy Saudi city of Mecca.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Feb 7, Garry Kasparov (39), chess master, played to a 3-3 tie against the Deep Junior computer program.
    (SFC, 2/8/03, p.A2)
2003        Feb 7, Tom Christerson (71), the longest-living recipient of a fully self-contained artificial heart, died at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Ky., after 512 days on the AbioCor.
    (AP, 2/7/04)
2003        Feb 7, Chechen rebel attacks and land mines killed 10 soldiers and police over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Feb 7, In Bogota, Colombia, a car bomb tore through the El Nogal social club, killing 36 people, wounding 162. FARC rebels were blamed.
    (AP, 2/8/03)(SFC, 2/8/03, p.A12)(AP, 2/7/04)
2003        Feb 7, Three Tamil Tiger rebels blew up their boat, killing themselves, after they were found trying to smuggle an anti-aircraft gun and hundreds of rounds of ammunition into Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 2/7/03)

2003        Feb 8, In a jab at major US allies, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld told a security conference in Munich that countries such as France and Germany that favored giving Iraq another chance to disarm were undermining what slim chance existed to avoid war.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2003        Feb 8, The US Navy conducted its last scheduled round of weapons tests on Vieques Island, Puerto Rico. A 2013 report said that the US Navy had fired more than 300,000 munitions in Vieques from the mid-1940s to 2003, taking control of 77 percent of the land.
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.A9)(AP, 5/1/13)
2003        Feb 8, In Australia 750 nude women formed a heart around the words 'No War' near the town of Byron Bay to protest possible war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Feb 8, Augusto Monterosso (81), Honduras-born Guatemalan writer, died in Mexico City. His work included "Perpetual Movement" (1972); "The Letter E: Fragments of a Diary" (1987); and "The Magic Word" (1983).
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.B5)
2003        Feb 8, The chief UN arms inspectors arrived in Baghdad for a new round of crucial talks with Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2003        Feb 8, In Iraq gunmen posing as defectors from an Islamic extremist group killed  Gen. Shawkat Haji Mushir, a political leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and two other Kurdish officials.
    (AP, 2/9/03)
2003        Feb 8, Philippine troops killed at least eight Abu Sayyaf rebels during a clash with the guerrillas in the southern town of Patikul.
    (AP, 2/9/03)
2003        Feb 8, Nearly 2 million Muslims converged on Mecca for the annual pilgrimage. Some of the faithful offered prayers to avert a U.S.-led war on Iraq.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Feb 8, Tens of thousands of Venezuelans marched in support of 9,000 oil workers fired for leading a two-month strike against President Hugo Chavez that battered the economy of this oil-dependent nation.
    (AP, 2/8/03)

2003        Feb 9, The West beat the East 155-145 in the first double overtime game in NBA All-Star history.
2003        Feb 9, President Bush told congressional Republicans at a policy conference that Iraq had fooled the world for more than a decade about its banned weapons and the United Nations was now facing "a moment of truth" in disarming Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 2/9/04)
2003        Feb 9, The U.S. Navy ended its last planned bombing exercises on Puerto Rico's Vieques Island.
    (AP, 2/9/04)
2003        Feb 9, In China Xinhua’s first SARS report was issued for leaders’ eyes only. By this time there were already some 300 cases and 5 deaths dating back to November 2002.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.43)
2003        Feb 9, In China state media reported that scientists had discovered a massive underground lake, some 35 billion cubic feet, in the arid northwest beneath the Taklimakan desert.
    (AP, 2/9/03)
2003        Feb 9, The leaders of Germany and Russia renewed their calls for a peaceful resolution in Iraq, restating their opposition to any U.S.-led war to disarm and oust Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 2/9/04)
2003        Feb 9, Iran reported the discovery of uranium reserves and planned production facilities for peaceful use of nuclear energy.
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.A8)
2003        Feb 9, Montenegro's 2nd attempt in 2 months to elect a president failed.
    (AP, 2/10/03)
2003        Feb 9, Three Palestinians were killed when their explosives-laden car blew up outside an Israeli army post after crashing into a cement block barrier. In secret talks last week Israel offered the Palestinians a gradual cease-fire.
    (AP, 2/9/03)(SSFC, 2/9/03, p.A22)
2003        Feb 9, Swiss voters approved measures to further extend their direct democracy.
    (AP, 2/10/03)

2003        Feb 10, Clark MacGregor (80), former Minnesota Congressman who'd led the Nixon re-election campaign in 1972, died in Pompano Beach, Fla.
    (AP, 2/10/04)
2003        Feb 10, Ron Ziegler (b.1939), former press secretary for Richard Nixon, died in Coronado, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/11/03, p.A19)
2003        Feb 10, Afghanistan became the 89th nation to join the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 10, In Kabul, Afghanistan, Germany and the Netherlands took control of the 22-nation peacekeeping force charged with keeping order, replacing Turkey.
    (AP, 2/10/03)
2003        Feb 10, A Chinese court convicted U.S.-based dissident Wang Bingzhang on spying and terrorism charges and sentenced him to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/10/04)
2003        Feb 10, France, Germany and Belgium blocked NATO efforts to begin planning for possible Iraqi attacks against Turkey.
    (AP, 2/10/03)
2003        Feb 10, Iraq agreed to allow U-2 surveillance flights over its territory, meeting a key demand by U.N. inspectors searching for banned weapons; President Bush, however, brushed aside Iraqi concessions as too little, too late.
    (AP, 2/10/04)
2003        Feb 10, Israeli troops killed 2 suspected Palestinian militants, including an unarmed fugitive, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 2/10/03)
2003        Feb 10, Mexican army troops seized 2.2 tons of cocaine from a plane that landed in northern Mexico after it reported mechanical problems. The three men onboard were arrested.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 10, Moscow appointed a new prime minister of Chechnya. Anatoly Popov replaced Mikhail Babich, who resigned under pressure 2 days earlier after a dispute with his superior, the chief of the Moscow-backed administration, Akhmad Kadyrov.
    (AP, 2/10/03)

2003        Feb 11, Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said that Pres. Bush's tax cut would increase the federal budget deficits and voiced opposition.
    (SFC, 2/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 11, Addressing a historic rift within NATO, Secretary of State Colin Powell told a congressional hearing the future of the military alliance was at risk if it failed to confront the crisis with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2003        Feb 11, The purported voice of Osama bin Laden, broadcast over the Al Jazeera network, told his followers to help Saddam Hussein fight Americans.
    (AP, 2/12/03)
2003        Feb 11, A group of around 50 Western anti-war activists received visas to enter Iraq where they plan to form "human shields." Iraq said it would allow U-2 surveillance flights.
    (Reuters, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/11/03, p.A10)
2003        Feb 11, Afghan officials said 17 civilians were killed in American-led bombing over the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 2/12/03, p.A8)
2003        Feb 11, From China it was reported that an unidentified illness, 1st noted in Nov., has killed at least five people in Guangdong province, left hundreds hospitalized and sent health officials scrambling to find its source.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 11, In China Ma Sanli (b.1914), a master performer of the traditional Chinese art of crosstalk, a rhythmic, often humorous mix of dialogue and storytelling, died.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 11, The private plane carrying Colombian Minister of Social Welfare, Juan Luis Londono, was found crashed in the mountains north of the town of Cajamarca, 85 miles west of Bogota. It had disappeared 5 days earlier.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 11, Israeli troops killed an armed Palestinian in the Gaza Strip, and Israel imposed a blanket closure on the Palestinian areas during the Muslim Hajj because of warnings of possible attacks. Israeli soldiers killed an 8-year-old boy in the West Bank and an Israeli was killed by a Palestinian gunman in Bethlehem.
    (AP, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A13)
2003        Feb 11, In Paraguay Pres. Luis Gonzalez Macchi survived an impeachment trial as the Senate failed to muster enough votes to strip him from power over corruption charges.
    (AP, 2/12/03)
2003        Feb 11, In Mina, Saudi Arabia, 14 Muslim pilgrims were trampled to death when some worshippers tripped amid a jostling crowd during the devil-stoning ritual of the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
    (AP, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A9)

2003        Feb 12, Kemmons Wilson (90), founder of the Holiday Inn chain, died in Memphis, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 2/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 12, In Bolivia angry civilians joined striking police officers in a protest that degenerated into riots, leaving at least 17 people dead and Bolivian government buildings in flames.
    (AP, 2/13/03)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A9)
2003        Feb 12, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, Bishop Paulo Pereira (38) of the Vetero Catholic Church, in the low-income district of Guainazes, was gunned down inside his church's headquarters. Elsewhere in San Paulo 3 gunmen killed Wallace Ornelas Passos, a 17-year-old student with a police record for theft and other criminal activities.
    (AP, 2/13/03)
2003        Feb 12, A bloody prison riot near Guatemala City left at least 6 inmates dead, and a man convicted in the high-profile murder case of Roman Catholic Bishop Juan Gerardi was among the dead.
    (AP, 2/13/03)
2003        Feb 12, The Republic of Congo reported that an Ebola outbreak was suspected in the recent deaths of 48 people.
    (SFC, 2/13/03, p.A7)
2003        Feb 12, India conducted its fourth missile test of 2003, firing a supersonic cruise missile capable of hitting major cities in Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/12/04)
2003        Feb 12, The UN nuclear agency declared North Korea in violation of international treaties, sending the dispute to the Security Council.
    (AP, 2/12/04)

2003        Feb 13, American Special Forces were reported to be in various parts of Iraq for what seemed to be the initial phases of a ground war.
    (SFC, 2/13/03, p.A14)
2003        Feb 13, Clara Harris, who'd run down her cheating husband with her Mercedes after catching him with his mistress, was convicted by a Houston jury of murder despite her claim that she'd hit him accidentally while in a heartsick daze. She was later sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2003        Feb 13, Smith & Wesson unveiled a new Model 500, .50 caliber Magnum revolver.
    (SFC, 2/14/03, p.A2)
2003        Feb 13, An investigative panel found that superheated air almost certainly seeped through a breach in space shuttle Columbia's left wing and possibly its wheel compartment during the craft's fiery descent, resulting in the deaths of all seven astronauts.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2003        Feb 13, Prof. Walt W. Rostow (b.1916), adviser to the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, died in Austin, Texas. His over 30 books included "Theorists of Economic Growth from David Hume to the Present, with a Perspective on the Next Century" (1990), and "The Stages of Economic Growth" (3rd ed. 1990). His memoir “Concept and Controversy" (2003) was published posthumously. In 2008 David Milne authored “America’s Rasputin: Walt Rostow and the Vietnam War."
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A24)(WSJ, 3/6/08, p.D7)
2003        Feb 13, In southern Colombia a U.S. government plane carrying 5 people crashed short of an airport in rebel territory, and those on board may have been spirited away by leftist rebels. 2 days later an American and a Colombian were executed at close range.
    (AP, 2/13/03)(AP, 2/15/03)

2003        Feb 14, Dolly (b.1996), the world's 1st clone sheep and mother of 6 lambs, was put to sleep by veterinarians in Scotland after they failed to cure her of a severe lung infection.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A2)
2003        Feb 14, In Brazil police found the bullet-riddled bodies of six men in the back seat and trunk of a car parked near a Rio de Janeiro slum.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, In Colombia a massive explosion rocked the southern city of Neiva as police searched a house for explosives. 15 people died and about 30 were wounded.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Saddam Hussein banned all weapons of mass destruction from Iraq, meeting a long time UN demand.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Major powers rebuffed the United States in the U.N. Security Council and insisted on more time for weapons inspections in Iraq. Earlier, chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix told the Council his teams had not found any weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/04)
2003        Feb 14,  President Kim Dae-jung said South Korea's government helped arrange a $200 million payment to North Korea before a summit in 2000.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Popocatepetl volcano southeast of Mexico City erupted but caused no significant damage.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Russian lawmakers were expected to pass bills paving the way for the break-up of its electricity monopoly, the Unified Energy System (RAO).
    (WSJ, 2/13/03, p.A10)
2003        Feb 14, A Thai court ruled to extradite Florida millionaire James Vincent Sullivan (61), wanted in the US for the 1987 murder of his socialite wife. He was accused of paying another man $25,000 to kill Lita McClinton Sullivan to avoid losing property in a divorce. In 2006 he was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(AP, 3/14/06)
2003        Feb 14, Trinidad and Tobago legislators elected Maxwell Richards, a former university dean who claims he is "not in anyone's back pocket" to be the new president.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, In Zimbabwe 2 Valentine's Day peace parades by women clutching roses and singing hymns were broken up by baton-wielding police who arrested at least 88 people as well as eight journalists.
    (AP, 2/14/03)

2003        Feb 15, Millions of protesters, many of them marching in the capitals of America's allies, demonstrated against possible US plans to attack Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003        Feb 15, Tens of thousands of people gathered in downtown Sydney and around Australia to protest possible war with Iraq and their country's involvement.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003        Feb 15, Tens of thousands of New Zealanders demonstrated against a war in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003        Feb 15, Rattled by an outpouring of anti-war sentiment, the US and Britain began reworking a draft resolution to authorize force against Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003        Feb 15, American warplanes bombed two anti-aircraft missile sites in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003        Feb 15, Anti-war protests drew hundreds of thousands of people in cities around the world.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003        Feb 15, It was reported that 11 million Ethiopians face famine due to drought affecting 15% of the nation's harvest.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A12)
2003        Feb 15, A roadside bomb exploded next to an Israeli tank in the Gaza Strip, killing all four soldiers inside. Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(SSFC, 2/16/03, p.A10)
2003        Feb 15, In India 7 men from Hindu upper castes were killed at a roadside restaurant the crime-prone Bihar state. The upper-caste men were apparently killed to avenge the killings 2 days earlier of 7 lower-caste Dalits.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003        Feb 15, Nigerian oil workers launched an indefinite strike that could shut down crude exports in the world's 6th largest oil exporter.
    (AP, 2/15/03)

2003        Feb 16, Michael Waltrip raced past leader Jimmie Johnson to win the rain-shortened Daytona 500 for the second time in three years.
    (AP, 2/16/04)
2003        Feb 16, The SF anti-war demonstration cost organizers some $85,000. An estimated 200,000 people participated. Some 1000 protesters clashed with police at the end of the rally and 46 people were arrested. A later aerial study numbered the crowd at 65,000.
    (SFC, 2/17/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/21/03, A1)
2003        Feb 16, Eleanor "Sis" Daley (95), the matriarch of Chicago's Daley political clan, died.
    (AP, 2/16/04)
2003        Feb 16, In Australia PM John Howard said he respects the views of hundreds of thousands of citizens who took part in peace protests over the weekend but would not be swayed by their opposition to war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/17/03)
2003        Feb 16, In Belgium thieves over the weekend emptied more than 100 vaults at a diamond trading center in what officials said might be the largest theft ever in Antwerp.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003        Feb 16, In Cyprus Tassos Papadopoulos was elected the country's 5th president over Glafcos Clerides. He opposed current reunification plans.
    (AP, 2/17/03)(WSJ, 2/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 16, Yasser Arafat affirmed in a letter to Britain's Tony Blair that he will honor a pledge to appoint a prime minister. 8 Palestinians were killed, 6 in a mysterious explosion in Gaza City and 2 by Israeli army fire in the West Bank.
    (AP, 2/16/03)(SFC, 2/17/03, A3)
2003        Feb 16, French President Jacques Chirac said in a published interview that the massive US military deployment in the Persian Gulf has made it possible to peacefully disarm Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003        Feb 16, The Israeli Cabinet voted to allow about 17,000 Ethiopians with Jewish roots to come to Israel, lifting immigration restrictions on the group known as Falash Mura.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003        Feb 16, In Mexico's central Mexico state voters overwhelmingly approved a referendum in support of executing kidnappers, armed robbers and murderers.
    (AP, 2/17/03)
2003        Feb 16, The 19-member NATO alliance turned to its Defense Planning Committee, which Paris withdrew from in 1966, to negotiate an end to the month-long NATO deadlock over Iraq. NATO agreed to supply Turkey with defense equipment in the event of war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)(SFC, 2/17/03, A1)
2003        Feb 16, A Syrian military truck carrying diesel fuel overturned and caught fire at a Lebanese-Syrian border crossing, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 2/16/03)

2003        Feb 17, An estimated 40 million viewers tuned in to the finale of Fox's reality show "Joe Millionaire," in which Evan Marriott chose Zora Andrich.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2003        Feb 17, A blizzard shut down much of the mid-Atlantic region on Presidents Day with windblown snow up to 4 feet deep, halting air and some rail travel and caused at lest 40 deaths.
    (AP, 2/17/03)(SFC, 2/18/03, A1)(SFC, 2/19/03, A3)
2003        Feb 17, In Chicago 21 people were killed at the E2 nightclub in an early morning stampede after security guards used mace and pepper spray to halt a fistfight between 2 women. On Sep 23 the owner and 3 others associated with the club were charged with involuntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 2/18/03, A1)(SFC, 9/24/03, p.A3)
2003        Feb 17, Baltimore Orioles pitcher Steve Bechler died of heatstroke at a Fort Lauderdale, Fla., hospital, less than 24 hours after complaining of dizziness during a spring training workout.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2003        Feb 17, London began charging motorists $8 a day to drive in its center.
    (SFC, 2/17/03, A2)
2003        Feb 17, European Union leaders declared their solidarity with the United States, warning Saddam Hussein that Iraq faced one "last chance" to disarm peacefully but calling war a last resort.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2003        Feb 17, Israeli soldiers killed a top Hamas fugitive in a roadside ambush. In another operation they raided a stronghold of the militant Islamic group, shooting dead 2 Palestinians and blowing up the house of a suspected bombmaker.
    (AP, 2/17/03)
2003        Feb 17, American CIA operatives snatched Egyptian cleric Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr (Abu Omar) from his house in Milan and took him to Egypt, where he was jailed, tortured and released. In 2005 an Italian judge ordered the arrest of 13 American suspects on charges of kidnapping. In 2009 Nasr asked for euro10 million (nearly $15 million) in damages from the American and Italian defendants charged in his abduction.
    (Econ, 7/2/05, p.48)(AP, 10/7/09)(SFC, 10/8/09, p.A2)
2003        Feb 17, In Mexico the bodies of 3 women were found in the desert outside of Ciudad Juarez, the latest victims in a string of killings in the border city.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003        Feb 17, Uzbek journalist Ergash Bobozhonov (61), who wrote articles published abroad criticizing corruption among officials, was arrested and faced charges including libel.
    (AP, 2/22/03)

2003        Feb 18, Declaring that America's security should not be dictated by protesters, President Bush said he would not be swayed from compelling Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to disarm.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2003        Feb 18, Johnny Paycheck (64), American country singer, died in Nashville, Tenn. In 1977 he had a big hit with the David Allan Coe song "Take This Job and Shove It."
    (SFC, 2/20/03, A18)(AP, 2/18/04)
2003        Feb 18, The Bolivian Cabinet resigned after violent street protests left 29 dead and the government of Pres. de Lozada near collapse.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003        Feb 18, In Colombia heavy fighting left at least 29 leftist rebels and right-wing paramilitary dead.
    (WSJ, 2/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 18, In India a bus carrying a wedding party fell into a gorge, killing 23 people and injuring 31 others in the mountainous northern state of Uttaranchal.
    (AP, 2/19/03)
2003        Feb 18, At least 40 Israeli tanks headed for Gaza City, accompanied by bulldozers and attack helicopters.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003      Feb 18, In Daegu, South Korea, a fire raged through two packed subway trains after a man lit a container of flammable liquid and tossed it, killing 196 people and injuring 145. In August the perpetrator was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 2/19/03, A1)(WSJ, 2/19/03, p.A1)(AP, 2/27/03)(WSJ, 8/7/03, p.A1)
2003      Feb 18, Saudi Arabia said it has referred 90 Saudis to trial for alleged al Qaeda links. Another 250 were reported under investigation.
    (SFC, 2/19/03, A10)
2003        Feb 18, Syria said it would pull 4,000 of 20,000 troops out of Lebanon.
    (WSJ, 2/19/03, p.A1)
2003      Feb 18, Turkey asked the US to nearly double its multibillion dollar aid package as a condition for allowing U.S. troops on its soil in a war against neighboring Iraq.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003        Feb 18, In Venezuela police reported that the bodies of 3 soldiers, who had called for "civic disobedience" against President Hugo Chavez's government, had been found with their hands tied and faces wrapped with tape.
    (AP, 2/18/03)

2003        Feb 19, Missouri Rep. Dick Gephardt announced his second candidacy for president with a pledge to repeal most of President Bush's tax cuts.
    (AP, 2/19/04)
2003        Feb 19, In San Francisco Armando Arce (26) was gunned down as he walked at Willow and Polk streets. In 2009 Joeven Bowen was charged with Arce’s murder. Bowen was alleged to have accompanied members of Oakland’s Nut Case gang, which was involved with 2 murders earlier in the day. On Feb 14, 2011, Bowen was convicted of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 9/9/09, p.D1)(SFC, 2/15/11, p.C2)
2003        Feb 19, Armenia held national elections. Pres. Kocharian was being challenged by 8 contenders who criticized his failure to secure a final deal with Azerbaijan over the Armenian-populated enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh. He also faced accusations over about 30 unresolved political killings in recent years and the widening gap between rich and poor in this nation of 3.3 million people. Kocharian failed to win the necessary 50 % of votes for re-election, forcing a runoff in balloting that the opposition complained was rigged.
    (AP, 2/19/03)(AP, 2/20/03)
2003      Feb 19, In Bolivia Pres. de Lozada announced a new Cabinet, replacing eight ministers and eliminating six ministries.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003      Feb 19, China outlined plans for an enormous, 30-50 year project to carry water from the country’s water-saturated south to its arid north. The project was 1st conceived by Mao Zedong in the 1950s.
    (AP, 2/19/03)(SSFC, 9/5/04, p.A16)
2003      Feb 19, In Germany Mounir el Motassadeq (28) was sentenced to the maximum 15 years in prison for helping the Hamburg-based al-Qaida terror cell in the 9/11 attacks on the US.
    (AP, 2/19/03)
2003      Feb 19, In Iran a Russian-made military plane crash killed 302 members of the elite Revolutionary Guard.
    (AP, 2/20/03)(WSJ, 2/20/03, p.A1)
2003      Feb 19, Israeli tanks and soldiers battled Palestinian militants in the streets of Gaza City before dawn in violence that left 11 Palestinians dead, including a suicide bomber who tried to blow up a tank. Hamas fired 4 Qassam rockets into Sderot in retaliation.
    (AP, 2/19/03)(SFC, 2/20/03, A6)
2003      Feb 19, NATO approved the deployment of defense equipment to Turkey in the event of a war in Iraq. Turkey and the US failed again to agree on the size of an economic aid package.
    (AP, 2/19/03)
2003      Feb 19, In Pakistan heavy rains fell for a 5th day and left over 26 people dead. The country had experienced 5 years of drought.
    (SFC, 2/20/03, A9)
2003        Feb 19, In the southern Philippines suspected separatist rebels attacked Poblacion. They rounded up some villagers and gunned down 14 people.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003      Feb 19, In Venezuela the secret police (DISIP) arrested Carlos Fernandez, head of the largest business federation, for his role in the general strike.
    (SFC, 2/21/03, A10)

2003      Feb 20, Pentagon officials said they will send over 1,700 US troops to the Philippines over the next few weeks to fight Muslim extremists.
    (SFC, 2/21/03, A1)
2003        Feb 20, Sami Al-Arian, a University of South Florida engineering professor, and seven other men were charged with financing a Palestinian terrorist group. Four of the men face trial; the other four have yet to be arrested. On Dec 6, 2005, a Florida jury cleared Al-Arian and 3 co-defendants of terror charges.
    (AP, 2/20/04)(SFC, 12/7/05, p.A5)(Econ, 12/10/05, p.38)
2003        Feb 20, Former Air Force Master Sgt. Brian Patrick Regan was convicted in Alexandria, Va., of offering to sell U.S. intelligence to Iraq and China but acquitted of attempted spying for Libya. Regan was later sentenced to life without parole.
    (AP, 2/20/04)
2003        Feb 20, A 17-year-old Mexican girl mistakenly given a heart and lungs with the wrong blood type received a second set of organs at Duke University Medical Center in North Carolina; however, Jesica Santillan suffered brain damage and died Feb 22.
    (AP, 2/20/04)
2003          Feb 20, In Rhode Island The Station, a West Warwick nightclub, erupted in a raging fire during a pyrotechnics display at a rock concert, 98 people were killed and 200 others injured. Flammable soundproofing was later blamed. In Feb, 2006, Dan Biechele, manager of the band, pleaded guilty to 100 counts of manslaughter in exchange for up to 10 years in prison. He was sentenced to 4 years in prison. In 2008 Anheuser-Busch and a Rhode Island beer distributor agreed to pay $21 million to settle lawsuits brought by survivors of the fire.
    (SFC, 2/22/03, A1)(WSJ, 3/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/1/06, p.A3)(SFC, 5/11/06, p.A7)(SFC, 5/24/08, p.A3)
2003          Feb 20, Orville L. Freeman (1919-2003) former governor of Minnesota (1955-1960) and US agriculture secretary under Pres. Kennedy and Johnson, died at age 84.
    (SFC, 2/22/03, A16)
2003          Feb 20, Maurice Blanchot (95), French postmodern novelist, died. His novels included "Thomas the Obscure" (1973).
    (SFC, 3/3/03, p.B6)
2003          Feb 20, Israeli soldiers killed a Palestinian and carried out house-to-house searches in the West Bank and divided the Gaza Strip into three parts, restricting the movement of more than 1 million Palestinians.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 20, In Indian-controlled Kashmir explosives hidden in snow near a town market of Baramula killed six civilians.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 20, In Pakistan a military plane crashed into a mountainside in a remote northwestern region, killing all 17 people on board, including the chief of the air force, Mushaf Ali Mir (57).
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003        Feb 20, Peru replaced harsh anti-terrorism laws put in place by former Pres. Alberto Fujimori, and will review the sentences of at least 1,800 people.
    (AP, 2/21/03)
2003        Feb 20, In Saudi Arabia a British defense worker was killed by Saud bin Ali bin Nasser, a Saudi citizen.
    (SFC, 2/21/03, A1)
2003        Feb 20, In Spain police shut down the daily Egunkaria, a Basque-language newspaper, and arrested its editor-in-chief and 10 other executives on suspicion of aiding the armed separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 2/20/03)

2003        Feb 21, Michael Jordan became the first 40-year-old in NBA history to score 40 or more points, getting 43 in the Washington Wizards' 89-86 win over the New Jersey Nets.
    (AP, 2/21/04)
2003        Feb 21, An explosion rocked a Mobil oil refinery on the edge of Staten Island and 2 workers were killed.
    (AP, 2/21/03)
2003        Feb 21, The owners of The Station nightclub in West Warwick, R.I., where 100 people perished in a fast-moving fire the night before, denied giving the rock band Great White permission to use fireworks blamed for setting off the blaze, although the band's singer insisted the use of pyrotechnics had been approved.
    (AP, 2/21/04)
2003        Feb 21, Chief UN inspector Hans Blix ordered Baghdad to begin destroying dozens of illegal missiles and their components by March 1.
    (AP, 2/22/03)(SFC, 2/22/03, A1)
2003        Feb 21, It was reported that Iraq had recently begun shipping large quantities of oil through its Khor al Amaya port.
    (WSJ, 2/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 21, Israeli troops killed 2 Islamic militants during separate attempts to attack an army post and a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.
     (AP, 2/21/03)
2003        Feb 21, In Peru police arrested a prominent coca farming leader as protests in rural Peru against the eradication of coca, the base ingredient in cocaine, moved into their 4th day.
    (AP, 2/21/03)
2003        Feb 21, Spain's PM Jose Maria Aznar arrived in Texas for a meeting with Pres. Bush.
    (WSJ, 2/21/03, p.A8)

2003        Feb 22, Pres. Bush told Spain’s PM Aznar that nations like Mexico, Angola, Chile and Cameroon must know that the security of the United States is at stake. Bush threatened nations with retaliation if they did not vote for a UN resolution backing the Iraq war. A transcript of a meeting on this day, one month before the US-led invasion of Iraq, was published in the El Pais daily in 2007.
    (AFP, 9/26/07)
2003        Feb 22, Jesica Santillan, the teenager who'd survived a botched heart-lung transplant long enough to get a second set of donated organs, died two days after the second transplant at Duke University Medical Center in North Carolina.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2003        Feb 22, In northern Afghanistan at least six civilians were killed when factional fighting broke out between 2 rival warlords in Faryab province.
    (AP, 2/23/03)
2003        Feb 22, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan invited India to join their $3.2-billion natural gas pipeline project, indicating the plan would not be economically viable without New Delhi's participation.
    (AP, 2/22/03)
2003        Feb 22, Israeli troops opened fire on a crowd in Nablus after clashes erupted while soldiers were searching door to door for militants. 2 Palestinians were killed in the gunfire.
    (AP, 2/22/03)
2003        Feb 22, In Rome, Italy, some 2,000 cat lovers marched in the city's 1st Cat Pride march and demanded protection for the many, local stray cats.
    (SSFC, 2/23/03, A2)
2003        Feb 22, In southern Pakistan gunmen opened fire inside a Shiite mosque, killing at least 9 worshippers and injuring at least 10 others.
    (AP, 2/22/03)(SSFC, 2/23/03, A17)

2003        Feb 23, In the 45th US Grammy's in NYC Norah Jones won 3 awards as did Bruce Springsteen for his 9/11-inspired album "The Rising."
    (SFC, 2/24/03, p.D1)
2003        Feb 23, Robert K. Merton (b.1910), writer and sociologist, died. In 1965 he authored “On the Shoulders of Giants" (OTSOG), wherein he traced the eponymous title, usually attributed to Isaac Newton, to Bernard of Chartres in about 1130. [see 1159]
2003        Feb 23, In northern Greece a bus plunged off a highway bridge, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 2/23/03)
2003        Feb 23, In Iraq Saddam Hussein met separately with Russian Yevgeny Primakov and former US attorney gen'l. Ramsay Clark. Clark said Hussein feared that Pres. Bush had made up his mind to attack and that there was nothing he could do to prevent it.
    (SFC, 2/25/03, A10)
2003        Feb 23, The UN Children's Fund and Iraqi health teams began a five-day campaign to vaccinate 4 million Iraqi children against polio.
    (AP, 2/23/03)
2003        Feb 23, Israeli troops raided Beit Hanoun in Gaza, blew up five homes of suspected militants, battled masked gunmen and shot from tank-mounted machine guns toward dozens of stone throwers. Six Palestinians were killed and 28 wounded. 2 more Palestinians were killed elsewhere in Gaza.
    (AP, 2/23/03)
2003        Feb 23, In Malawi a lion, who escaped from Kasungu National Park and attacked and killed about 7 people, was shot and killed by game hunters.
    (AP, 2/24/03)
2003        Feb 23, The Philippine government said it will not permit U.S. forces to join Filipino troops in combat against Muslim extremists.
    (AP, 2/23/03)

2003        Feb 24, Seeking U.N. approval for war against Iraq, the United States, Britain and Spain submitted a resolution to the Security Council declaring that Saddam Hussein had missed "the final opportunity" to disarm peacefully and indicating that he had to face the consequences.
    (SFC, 2/25/03, A1)(AP, 2/24/04)
2003        Feb 24, Dan Rather interviewed Saddam Hussein via satellite and Hussein proposed a live debate with Pres. Bush. Hussein said he would rather die than leave his country and that he would not destroy its wealth by setting fire to its oil wells in the event of a U.S.-led invasion.
    (SFC, 2/25/03, A10)(AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 24, Afghanistan's minister of mines and industry died along with seven other people when their plane crashed in the Arabian Sea shortly after takeoff from the southern Pakistan port city of Karachi.
    (AP, 2/24/03)
2003        Feb 24, Historian Christopher Hill (91), a Marxist whose reinterpretation of the 17th century changed the way Britons regard the English revolution, died. His books included "The World Turned Upside Down" (1972).
    (AP, 2/26/03)(SFC, 2/27/03, A20)
2003        Feb 24, In China accidents in 3 coal mines killed at least 49 miners and left 10 others missing.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 24, A devastating earthquake shook western China, killing at least 268 people, injuring some 2,000 and flattening homes, schools and other buildings near the Silk Road oasis of Kashgar. The death toll soon rose to at least 266 people, with another 2,000 injured.
    (SFC, 2/26/03, A8)(AP, 2/25/04)
2003        Feb 24, In northeastern Congo hundreds of civilians were killed and hundreds more were missing after Congolese rebels allied with the government seized a key town and launched a two-day campaign of murder, rape, looting and destruction. In 2009 Germain Katanga and Mathieu Ngudjolo faced trial for planning and directing the massacre of more than 200 villagers in Bogoro.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(AP, 11/25/09)
2003        Feb 24, Bernard Loiseau (52), a celebrated French chef whose Cote D'Or restaurant in a small Burgundy town became a mecca for the world's gourmets, died of apparent suicide. In 2005 Rudolph Chelminski authored “The Perfectionist: Life and Death in Haute Cuisine."
    (AP, 2/25/03)(SSFC, 6/12/05, p.B5)
2003        Feb 24, In Indonesia a fire sparked by an explosion caused a small ferry to sink off northern Sumatra, killing 8 people and leaving 19 others missing.
    (AP, 2/24/03)
2003        Feb 24, The UN indicted former Indonesia military chief Wiranto, 6 generals and an ex-governor for the bloodbath preceding East Timor independence.
    (WSJ, 2/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 24, Turkey's Cabinet agreed to the deployment of tens of thousands of U.S. combat troops ahead of a possible war in Iraq. The measure is expected to face a vote in Turkey's parliament Feb 25.
    (AP, 2/24/03)
2003        Feb 24, In Zambia former President Frederick Chiluba (59) was arrested and charged with stealing from the government while in office. In August Chiluba was charged with stealing over $40 million during his rule.
    (AP, 2/24/03)(WSJ, 8/6/03, p.A1)

2003        Feb 25, Chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix said Iraq was showing new signs of real cooperation, but President Bush was dismissive, predicting Saddam Hussein would try to "fool the world one more time."
    (AP, 2/25/04)
2003        Feb 25, A US Army Black Hawk helicopter on night training crashed in the Kuwaiti desert, killing all four crew members.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 25, In Alabama 4 job seekers were killed at an employment agency following an argument over a CD player.
    (WSJ, 2/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 25, In southwestern Afghanistan assailants gunned down Habibullah Jan, a district administrator in Nimroz province, as he left a mosque in Dilaram.
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 25, Striking government workers brought much of Algeria, but not its lucrative oil fields, to a halt, with no public transport and few flights. Suspected Islamic extremists fired machine guns at cars at a roadblock, killing 12 people.
    (AP, 2/25/03)(AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 25, In Chile a judge indicted 2 former commanders of the once feared secret police in the 1974 assassination in Argentina of a former army commander opposed to then-Pres. Augusto Pinochet. Gen. Manuel Contreras and Brig. Pedro Espinoza were charged with homicide. 3 others, Gen'ls. Raul Iturriaga, Jose Zara, and Iturriaga's brother, Jorge, were also indicted.
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 25, China issued its first group of long-term residency permits to 46 foreigners, letting them live in the country for up to five years.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 25, Iraq provided new information about its weapons and reported the discovery of 2 bombs, including one possibly filled with a biological agent.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 25, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian teenager in the Gaza Strip, and a Hamas activist was critically wounded in an explosion in his home.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 25, In Kenya Pres. Mwai Kibaki ordered the release of 28 death row inmates and commuted the death sentences of another 195 inmates to life in prison, following his campaign pledge to reform Kenya's prison system.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 25, In Malaysia a summit of 116 developing countries suspicious of US military dominance united behind calls to give Baghdad more time to disarm.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 25, In Mexico a court upheld the conviction of an Egyptian man,  Abdel Latif Sharif, for one of the first in a series of murders of women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, but lowered the man's prison sentence to 20 years.
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 25, In Nigeria cars and buses ground to a halt in Africa's leading oil-producing nation, gripped by its worst fuel shortage since military rule ended four years ago. Nigeria, with a population of 120 million people, consumes 300,000 barrels of crude oil daily. Panic buying followed a recent strike.
    (AP, 2/25/03)
2003        Feb 25, In South Korea Roh Moo-hyun took power as president.
    (AP, 2/25/03)

2003        Feb 26, The National Book Critics Circle for general nonfiction went to Samantha Power for "A Problem from Hell: American and the Age of Genocide."
    (SFC, 2/27/03, A2)
2003        Feb 26, President Bush, offering new justification for war in Iraq, told a think tank that "ending this direct and growing threat" from Saddam Hussein would pave the way for peace in the Middle East and encourage democracy throughout the Arab world.
    (AP, 2/26/04)
2003        Feb 26, In a victory for abortion foes, the Supreme Court ruled that federal racketeering and extortion laws had been wrongly used to try to stop blockades, harassment and violent protests outside clinics.
    (AP, 2/26/04)
2003        Feb 26, NYC chose an airy spire, designed by Daniel Libeskind, for the site of the former World Trade Center destroyed on 9/11/2001. The spire would be taller than any other building in the world at a height of 1,776 feet.
    (AP, 2/27/03)
2003        Feb 26, In Washington DC war protesters tied up phones, fax machines and computers as part of a "virtual march."
    (SFC, 2/27/03, A14)
2003        Feb 26, In Hartford, Conn., a nursing home fire at the Greenwood Health Center killed 16 residents. A patient charged with setting the blaze was later ruled incompetent to stand trial.
    (SFC, 2/27/03, A5)(AP, 2/26/08)
2003        Feb 26, In Algeria it was reported that more than 7,000 people were believed missing at the hands of security forces during the 1990s.
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 26, A Colombian army Black Hawk helicopter carrying 23 crewmembers and elite troops crashed in the northern mountains. All aboard were feared dead.
    (AP, 2/27/03)
2003        Feb 26, Striking Dominica public workers agreed to end a 6-day strike that slowed air transportation and mail service, after the government agreed to review its proposal to cut the work force.
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 26, French Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin warned that waging war against Iraq now, would split the international community and "be perceived as precipitous and illegitimate."
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003         Feb 26, In Guatemala striking teachers seized a pumping station on the nation's only oil pipeline to press their demands for a hefty wage increase and better schools. About 60,000 of the country's 80,000 teachers are striking to demand a near-doubling of salaries that now range from about $190 to $390 per month. They also seek improved school buildings, more books and better school lunches.
    (AP, 2/27/03)
2003        Feb 26, In India a gun battle, kidnappings, ballot theft and destruction of voting machines marked polling in two of the four Indian states where new legislatures were elected.
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 26, Israel's PM Ariel Sharon established a coalition government dominated by fierce opponents of Palestinian statehood.
    (AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 26, South Korea's parliament approved Goh Kun, a former mayor of Seoul, to become PM in the newly installed government of Pres. Roh Moo-hyun.
    (AP, 2/26/03)

2003        Feb 27, The Bush administration lowered the terror alert threat to code yellow.
    (SFC, 2/28/03, A3)
2003        Feb 27, Fred Rogers (74), who gently invited millions of children to be his neighbor as host of the public television show "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" for more than 30 years, died of cancer.
    (AP, 2/27/03)(SFC, 2/28/03, A1)
2003        Feb 27, Biljana Plavsic, the former Bosnian Serb leader who expressed remorse for the horrors committed against non-Serbs during the Bosnian war, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. Later this year she was transferred to Sweden to serve her sentence.
    (AP, 2/27/03)(AP, 9/15/09)
2003        Feb 27, In Cuba America's top diplomat said that the Castro government had seized some 5,101 books shipped in by the US government.
    (SFC, 2/28/03, A13)
2003        Feb 27, In Egypt tens of thousands gathered for an anti-war demonstration in Cairo.
    (SFC, 2/28/03, A20)
2003        Feb 27, Iraq agreed in principle to destroy its Al Samoud Two missiles, two days before a U.N. deadline.
    (AP, 2/27/04)
2003        Feb 27, In Lithuania Rolandas Paksas became the country's 3rd president since it gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
    (AP, 2/27/03)
2003        Feb 27,  Semi-nomadic fighters attacked a village near Nigeria's remote eastern border with Cameroon, reportedly leaving dozens of people, including seven policemen and a soldier, dead. Separately a large dugout canoe capsized on the Niger River, drowning at least 30 passengers.
    (AP, 3/3/03)

2003        Feb 28, The Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals stood by its ruling that reciting the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools was unconstitutional because of the words "under God."
    (AP, 2/28/04)
2003        Feb 28, The FDA announced that every bottle of ephedra would soon bear stern warnings that the popular herb could cause heart attacks or strokes, even kill.
    (AP, 2/28/04)
2003        Feb 28, NASA released video taken aboard Columbia that had miraculously survived the fiery destruction of the space shuttle with the loss of all seven astronauts; in the footage, four of the crew members can be seen doing routine chores and admiring the view outside the cockpit.
    (AP, 2/28/04)
2003        Feb 28, The International Atomic Energy Agency said it has sent an emergency mission to Nigeria to help find an undisclosed amount of missing or stolen radioactive material.
    (AP, 2/28/03)
2003        Feb 28, In Austria a conservative-led coalition assumed governing power in Austria backed by Joerg Haider's anti-immigrant party.
    (AP, 2/28/03)
2003        Feb 28, Carnival began in Brazil as a large crime wave swept Rio. Imprisoned Red Command leader, Luiz Fernando da Costa, was believed responsible and was moved to a maximum security prison in San Paolo state.
    (SFC, 2/28/03, A16)
2003        Feb 28, Tassos Papadopoulos took office as the fifth Greek Cypriot president, pledging to strive for reunification.
    (AP, 2/28/03)
2003        Feb 28, Czech lawmakers elected opposition candidate Vaclav Klaus as president, succeeding former president and long time rival Vaclav Havel.
    (AP, 2/28/03)
2003        Feb 28, Fidel Sanchez Hernandez (85), former El Salvador President (1967-1972), died. He directed the so-called 100-hour war, when the Salvadoran army invaded Honduras in 1969 over a territorial dispute.
    (AP, 3/1/03)
2003        Feb 28, Iraq agreed to begin destroying its Al Samoud 2 missiles within 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/28/03)
2003        Feb 28, Ivory Coast-based mercenary fighters attacked and captured Toe Town on Liberia's eastern border. Liberia's government considered the assault "highly provocative" and "tantamount to a declaration of war" by Ivory Coast.
    (AP, 3/1/03)

2003        Feb, John Brady Kiesling, US career diplomat in Athens, resigned over the Bush policy towards Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/16/03, p.D4)
2003        Feb, Saddam Hussein accepted an 11th-hour offer to flee into exile weeks ahead of the U.S.-led invasion, but Arab League officials scuttled the proposal. The exile initiative was spearheaded by the late president of the United Arab Emirates, Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, at an emergency Arab summit held in Egypt. This was not made public until 2005 when Sheik Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the son of Sheik Zayed, reported it in an interview aired by Al-Arabiya TV.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2003        Feb, War flared up in Sudan’s northwestern region of Darfur.
    (Econ, 1/10/04, p.42)
2003        Feb, Thailand’s PM Thaksin Shinawatra began a war on drugs aimed primarily at the methamphetamine market. Some 5% of the population were reported to be addicts. A 3-month shooting spree left more than 2,800 people dead.
    (SFC, 5/29/03, p.A7)(Econ, 1/26/08, p.42)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.38)

2003        Mar 1, The US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) ceased to exist as it was incorporated into the Dept. of Homeland Security.
    (SFC, 3/1/03, A6)
2003        Mar 1, The US designated 3 rebel groups in Chechnya as terrorist organizations linked to al-Qaeda and imposed a freeze on their US assets.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A21)
2003        Mar 1, In Geneva more than 170 nations agreed, despite US objections, on a text for a tobacco treaty that would impose worldwide restrictions on advertising and labeling, while clamping down on smuggling and second-hand smoke.
    (AP, 3/1/03)
2003        Mar 1, In Brazil a truce between landless farm workers and President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva peace ended, when some 1,000 landless farmers occupied a ranch 80 miles west of Sao Paulo.
    (AP, 3/6/03)
2003        Mar 1, Rebels attacked the motorcade of Chechnya's pro-Moscow leader, Akhmad Kadyrov, killing four bodyguards and three policemen.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003        Mar 1, Arab leaders held a summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The UAR became the 1st Arab country to call for Saddam Hussein to step down.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A8)
2003        Mar 1, Iraq destroyed 4 of over 100 Al Samoud 2 missiles and agreed with the UN on a timetable to dismantle the rest of the missile program.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A1)
2003        Mar 1, In the Ivory Coast government helicopter gunships attacked a rebel-held Bin-Houye, killing 20 civilians and injuring many others.
    (AP, 3/2/03)
2003        Mar 1, In Pakistan a joint raid outside Islamabad by CIA and Pakistani agents led to the arrest of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Khaled Sheikh Mohammed), the suspected mastermind of the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks, along with 2 others. Documents and computer files later revealed that the al Qaeda biochemical weapons program was well advanced.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 1, In Poland the year-old left-leaning government under PM Leszek Miller collapsed after an emergency meeting between coalition partners broke down in a bitter dispute sparked by a new tax plan.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A7)
2003        Mar 1, A small plane crashed in central Russia, killing 11 people.
    (AP, 3/1/03)
2003        Mar 1, In South Korea some 100,000 older people held a pro-US rally in Seoul. Hours later thousands of young people held an anti-US rally.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A16)
2003        Mar 1, In central Taiwan a train filled with tourists on a weekend outing overturned while descending a mountain, killing 17 people and injuring 102.
    (AP, 3/1/03)
2003        Mar 1, Turkey's parliament failed to approve a bill allowing in American combat troops to open a northern front against Iraq. Lawmakers voted 264-250 in favor of stationing US troops but that was 3 votes shy of a constitutionally mandated simple majority.
    (AP, 3/2/03)(AP, 3/1/08)
2003        Mar 1, The United Arab Emirates called for Saddam Hussein to step down, the first Arab country to do so publicly.
    (AP, 3/1/04)

2003        Mar 2, Fidel Castro offered to mediate with North Korea over its nuclear program, though he acknowledged Cuba's ability to stem the growing crisis was limited.
    (AP, 3/2/03)
2003        Mar 2, In Estonia a center-left party depicting itself as a champion of the poor barely won the popular vote in parliamentary elections, which could make it difficult to form a coalition government.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003        Mar 2, Iraq crushed another six Al Samoud II missiles, as ordered by UN weapons inspectors. Iraqi scientist Mahmud Faraj Bilal al-Samarrai, implicated in Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction (WMD), surrendered to the CIA. He was freed in 2012.
    (AP, 3/2/08)(AFP, 4/15/12)
2003        Mar 2, Israeli troops backed by tanks and helicopters raided a Gaza Strip town, killing two Palestinians in fierce fighting and demolishing an apartment building and the exterior wall of a hospital.
    (AP, 3/2/03)
2003        Mar 2, Netherlands, the world's 4th largest poultry exporter, discovered a bird flu in some its poultry for the 1st time in 30 years.
    (WSJ, 3/6/03, p.A11)
2003        Mar 2, In Karachi, Pakistan, religious coalitions joined tens of thousands of others in a march to protest a possible U.S.-led war against Iraq.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003        Mar 2, North Korea deployed 4 MiGs to intercept a US RC-135S spy plane some 150 miles off its coast.
    (WSJ, 3/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 2, Landlocked Switzerland became the first European country to win the America's Cup as "Alinghi" swept Team New Zealand in five races.
    (AP, 3/2/04)
2003        Mar 2, Syria reportedly finished pulling 4,000 troops out of Lebanon in an effort to reduce tensions and keep radical Sunni groups from attacking Israel.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A6)
2003        Mar 2, In northern Uganda rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army fighting a 16-year war called a cease-fire and asked to meet Pres. Yoweri Museveni.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003        Mar 2, The United Arab Emirates won support from Kuwait and Bahrain in its call for Saddam Hussein to quit power to avert a war.
    (AP, 3/3/03)

2003        Mar 3, President Bush offered a rough blueprint for adding drug benefits to Medicare.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2003        Mar 3, Malcolm Kilduff (75), the White House spokesman who announced to a shocked world the death of President Kennedy, died in Beattyville, Ky.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2003        Mar 3, Israeli troops raided a Gaza refugee camp and arrested Hamas co-founder Mohammed Taha. He founded Hamas in 1987, along with the group's spiritual leader, Sheik Ahmed Yassin, and three other senior clerics.  8 Palestinians, among them a pregnant woman, were killed in clashes in the camp.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003        Mar 3, In Kenya US diplomats opened a new embassy in Nairobi, replacing the one destroyed 4 ½ years ago when terrorists launched attacks.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 3, A Special Court for Sierra Leone indicted Liberian Pres. Charles Taylor on charges including murder, rape, sexual slavery, conscripting child soldiers and terrorizing civilians for his support of rebels during Sierra Leone civil war. The Indictment was unsealed on June 4, 2003, during Taylor's first overseas trip since his indictment.
    (AP, 7/14/09)
2003        Mar 3, Lawmakers from Serbia and Montenegro inaugurated their new parliament, formally replacing Yugoslavia with the new state.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003        Mar 3, In Tanzania a new U.S. Embassy opened in Dar Es Salaam, replacing the one destroyed 4 ½ years ago when terrorists launched attacks.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 3,  In northern Uganda a military firing squad executed 3 soldiers who had been convicted of murdering civilians.
    (AP, 3/4/03)

2003        Mar 4, It was later reported that CNN top people found out that the US war on Iraq would begin Mar 19. The Army's oldest armored division, "Old Ironsides," got orders to head for the Persian Gulf as the total of U.S. land, sea and air forces arrayed against Iraq or preparing to go neared 300,000.
    (SFC, 4/3/03, p.W2)(AP, 3/4/04)
2003        Mar 4, The Bank of Canada raised its key overnight interest rate to 3 percent from 2.75 percent, as it fretted about a steeper inflation rate.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 4, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir a bus fell into a deep gorge, killing at least nine people and injuring 52.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 4, Iran called for UN-supervised elections in neighboring Iraq and urged the divided Iraqi opposition to reconcile with Pres. Saddam Hussein as part of a plan aimed at averting a US-led war on Iraq.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 4, In northern Iraq Kurdish soldiers killed 5 Muslim men in a possible case of mistaken identity.
    (AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A10)
2003        Mar 4, Israeli troops killed one Palestinian and wounded another in an shootout at an Internet cafe in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 4, In the Philippines a bomb hidden in a backpack exploded at the Davao airport on Mindanao, killing 21 people and wounding some 150.
    (AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 5, Thousands of US students nationwide walked out of classes to protest a possible war.
    (AP, 3/5/04)
2003        Mar 5, Comedian George Miller (b.1950) died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 3/5/04)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Miller_(comedian))
2003        Mar 5, In Argentina the Supreme declared unconstitutional a government decree that converted dollar bank accounts to devalued pesos.
    (AP, 3/5/03)
2003        Mar 5, In Armenia Pres. Robert Kocharian won Armenia's presidential runoff. The opposition claimed he was trying to fix the outcome. Kocharian had 67.5 percent and challenger Stepan Demirchian had 32.5 percent,
    (AP, 3/6/03)
2003        Mar 5, Sir Hardy Amies (93), Savile Row designer and self-described snob, died.
    (SFC, 3/6/03, p.A19)
2003        Mar 5, Cambodia sealed its border with Thailand, due to sluggish progress "to normalize relations in border areas" since January's anti-Thai riots.
    (AP, 3/5/03)
2003        Mar 5, In northeastern Colombia a bomb set off by suspected rebels ripped through a shopping center in Cucuta, killing 7 people, injuring at least 20 and setting the complex on fire.
    (AP, 3/5/03)
2003        Mar 5, The foreign ministers of France, Germany and Russia said they will block any attempt to get UN approval for war against Iraq.
    (AP, 3/5/03)
2003        Mar 5, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bombing, the 1st in two months, tore apart a packed Israeli bus in the port city of Haifa, killing at least 16 people and wounding about 55.
    (AP, 3/5/03)
2003        Mar 5, A Kuwaiti policeman was sentenced to 15 years in prison for the 2002 attack that wounded two U.S. soldiers on a Kuwaiti desert highway.
    (AP, 3/5/04)
2003        Mar 5, In Nigeria  Marshall Harry, a senior member of the main opposition party, was shot and killed by gunmen who broke into his home in the capital.
    (AP, 3/5/03)

2003        Mar 6, President Bush held a new conference and warned that he was prepared to go to war soon in Iraq with or without UN backing.
    (AP, 3/7/03)(SFC, 3/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 6, The United States ratified a treaty on cutting active U.S. and Russian long-range nuclear warheads by two-thirds.
    (AP, 3/6/04)
2003        Mar 6, Democrats blocked President Bush's nomination of Miguel Estrada to a federal appeals court.
    (AP, 3/6/04)
2003        Mar 6, An Air Algerie Boeing 737 jet crashed killing 102 passengers and crew in the southern Algerian province of Tamanrasset. At least 1 person survived.
    (AP, 3/6/03)(SFC, 3/7/03, p.A14)
2003        Mar 6, Britain offered to compromise on a US-backed resolution by giving Saddam Hussein a short deadline to prove he has eliminated all banned weapons or face an attack.
    (AP, 3/6/03)
2003        Mar 6, The Chinese government committed itself to helping its poorest citizens, unveiling a new budget aimed at helping the countryside and maintaining growth. Defense was budgeted a 9.3% rise, the lowest in 14 years, and plans were made to abolish the agency in charge of five-year plans.
    (AP, 3/6/03)(SFC, 3/6/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 3/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 6, The Congolese government and rebels have agreed in Pretoria to meld their armed forces into a new national army in a bid to end a 4 ½-year civil war and reunify the vast central African nation.
    (AP, 3/7/03)
2003        Mar 6, Pres. Fidel Castro was elected a sixth term and he wasted no time in criticizing the US, warning that Cuba doesn't need its foreign office.
    (AP, 3/7/03)
2003        Mar 6, Zdenek Adamec (19) set himself on fire in downtown Prague on to protest the Czech political situation and what he called the domination of the wealthy in the world.
    (AP, 3/6/03)
2003        Mar 6, Israeli troops hunting Islamic militants after a deadly suicide bombing stormed the Jabaliya refugee camp in Gaza in a raid that left 11 Palestinians dead and 110 wounded.
    (AP, 3/6/03)
2003        Mar 6, Italian police raided a house in Palermo and captured  Salvatore Rinella (49), a top Mafia boss.
    (AP, 3/7/03)

2003        Mar 7, Kazem al-Sahir (41), Iraqi pop singer with over 30 million records sold, scheduled a benefit concert at the Berkeley Community Theater. His US tour was set to raise medical and school supplies for Iraqi children.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A28)(SFC, 3/6/03, p.F1)
2003        Mar 7, The US and its allies moved to set March 17 as the final deadline for Saddam Hussein to prove he has given up his weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 7, Pres. Bush invoked economic sanctions against Pres. Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe and dozens of officials of his government on grounds they undermined the country's democratic institutions.
    (AP, 3/7/03)
2003        Mar 7, The US Labor Dept. reported that US jobs fell 308,000 in Feb.
    (SFC, 3/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 7, Virtually every musical on Broadway shut down as musicians went on strike, and actors and stagehands said they wouldn't cross their picket lines; the walkout lasted four days.
    (SFC, 3/8/03, p.A3) (AP, 3/7/04)
2003        Mar 7, Jose Marcio Ayres (49), Brazilian biologist and senior Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) biologist, died in NYC. In 1996 he set up the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Reserve to protect a 4,300 square-mile area of the Amazon rain forest.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.77)
2003        Mar 7, International officials froze assets linked to top Bosnian-Serb war crimes fugitive Radovan Karadzic. A panel of Bosnian and int'l. judges ordered Bosnia's Serb Republic to pay $2.25 million in compensation for the 1995 massacre at Srebrenica.
    (AP, 3/7/03)(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A7)
2003        Mar 7, In Bulgaria Ilya Pavlov, owner of the energy and tourism-related company Multigroup and Bulgaria's richest man, was killed by a sniper in Sofia. Pavlov, a former wrestler, was instrumental in the demise of the Kremikovtzi steel plant.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(http://tinyurl.com/hju8l)(WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A8)
2003        Mar 7, Heavy snow set off avalanches along the cease-fire line dividing Kashmir between India and Pakistan, killing at least 17 people, mostly soldiers, and stranding hundreds.
    (AP, 3/7/03)
2003        Mar 7, Nai Shwe Kyin (90), a veteran guerrilla leader from Myanmar's Mon ethnic minority, died. He founded the Mon Freedom League in 1947. He also helped found the Mon People's Front in 1952 and the New Mon State Party in 1958. The party signed a cease-fire agreement with Myanmar's military government in 1995.
    (AP, 3/8/03)
2003        Mar 7, In Nigeria the "Oba," or king, of Lagos Island, Adeyinka Oyekan II (92), died. Ritual human sacrifice was feared and a week of mourning left streets deserted.
    (AP, 3/14/03)
2003        Mar 7, Pakistan's Baluchistan provincial home minister said that two sons  of Osama bin Laden, Saad and Hamza bin Laden, were arrested in southwestern Afghanistan. The report was later proved false.
    (AP, 3/7/03)
2003        Mar 7, Mohamed ElBaradei, UN chief nuclear weapons inspector, expressed frustration at the quality of US information on Iraqi weapons and charged that some documents may have been faked.
    (SFC, 3/8/03, p.A11)

2003        Mar 8, Michael Moore won best original screenplay for "Bowling for Columbine" in the 55th annual Writer's Guild Awards.
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.D2)
2003        Mar 8, Former US president and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter condemned preparations for a unilateral US attack on Iraq.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8, Thousands of US women staged "Code Pink" marches against a possible war with Iraq. Some 4,000 marched near the White House.
    (SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 8, Elliot Jaques (86), psychoanalyst, died. He coined the term mid-life crises and adopted hierarchies that reflected employees' ability to handle long-range assignments.
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.A21)
2003        Mar 8, The first Afghan radio station programmed solely for women began broadcasting in Kabul. Daily broadcasts will increase to 2 hours next week and up to 4 hours in several months.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8,  An Argentine judge asked Interpol to arrest four Iranian diplomats, accusing them of responsibility in a deadly terrorist attack that destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires in 1994.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8, In Romania 5 Iraqi diplomats were expelled for "activities incompatible with their status."  Last week the US expelled two U.N.-based Iraqi diplomats and identified 300 Iraqis in 60 countries, some operating as diplomats out of Iraqi embassies, whom it wanted expelled.
    (AP, 3/10/03)
2003        Mar 8, In the Czech Republic a bus accident near Ceske Budejovice left 17 dead. 2 more people soon died from injuries sustained in the crash.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8, In India separatist rebels in northeastern Assam state shot and killed three laborers, ignited a huge fire by launching mortars at an oil refinery and used explosives to damage a pipeline.
    (AP, 3/8/03)
2003        Mar 8, Interpol reissued an international arrest warrant charging former Peru President Alberto Fujimori with murder after receiving additional information from the government.
    (AP, 3/8/03)
2003        Mar 8, Iraq resumed the destruction of banned Al Samoud 2 missiles after taking a day off and called on the UN to lift sanctions after arms inspectors gave a positive assessment of Baghdad's cooperation. Iraq also demanded that the UN strip Israel of weapons of mass destruction, require withdrawal from occupied Palestinian territory and that the UN brand the US and Britain as liars.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A8)
2003        Mar 8, An Israeli helicopter missile strike killed Ibrahim Makadmeh (51), the top commander of Hamas' military wing and three other militants in a car in the Gaza Strip. Hamas vowed revenge; the Israeli army promised to strike the militants again.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(AP, 3/8/08)
2003        Mar 8, Malta became the first of 10 countries to vote on whether to join the European Union, which is luring new members with a $40 billion aid package. The referendum was approved 53.65 to 46.35%.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SFC, 3/10/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 8, The presidents of Peru and Ecuador inaugurated a bridge connecting the two nations. The $1.8-million bridge spans the Canchis River near the Peruvian town of Namballe, 500 miles northeast of Lima.
    (AP, 3/9/03)

2003        Mar 9, Bill Clinton and Bob Dole made their debut as 2-minute TV commentators on 60 Minutes. Their 1st topic was "tax cuts in times of war."
    (WSJ, 3/7/03, p.A1)(NW, 3/17/03, p.45)
2003        Mar 9, Renee Zellwegger, lead actress in "Chicago," won the top Screen Actors Guild Award along with Daniel Day-Lewis, for his role in "Gangs of New York."
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.A2)
2003        Mar 9, In Chechnya 2 Russian armored personnel carriers opened fire in Staraya Sunzha, killing 2 policemen.
    (AP, 3/12/03)
2003        Mar 9, In southern India a van driver lost control of his vehicle and crashed into a bus, killing 17 people and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 9, Nauru's Pres. Bernard Dowiyogo (57), known as a pragmatic leader of the environmentally devastated South Pacific island, died in Washington DC. He signed an executive order as he lay dying, at the behest of US officials, ending the Nauru offshore banking system and its economic-citizenship program.
    (AP, 3/10/03)(WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A4)
2003        Mar 9, In Rawalpindi, Pakistan, hundreds of thousands of people protested a possible US war with Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.A11)
2003        Mar 9, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the leader of Turkey's ruling party, won a by-election. He was soon confirmed as PM replacing Abdullah Gul.
    (AP, 3/9/03)(WSJ, 3/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 9, In Venezuela Pres. Hugo Chavez claimed an international campaign involving the US was trying to discredit his government and he warned other countries not to be fooled by the so-called smear tactics.
    (AP, 3/9/03)

2003        Mar 10, Facing almost certain defeat, the United States and Britain delayed a vote in the U.N. Security Council to give Saddam Hussein an ultimatum to disarm.
    (AP, 3/10/04)
2003        Mar 10, Natalie Maines, lead singer of the Dixie Chicks, told a London audience: "Just so you know ... we're ashamed the president of the United States is from Texas."
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2003        Mar 10, In NYC 2 undercover police officers were killed during an undercover gun buy on Staten Island. 3 people were arrested the next day. Ronell Wilson climbed into the back seat of an unmarked police car on the pretense of selling an illegal gun. He shot officers Rodney Andrews and James Nemorin in the head. In 2007 Wilson (24) was convicted and sentenced to death. Wilson was one of seven people arrested in his case; the other six pleaded guilty to various charges.
    (SFC, 3/12/03, p.A6)(AP, 1/31/07)
2003        Mar 10, In Brownsville, Texas, a woman and her common-law husband killed and beheaded their 3 children, ages 3 years to 2 months.
    (SFC, 3/13/03, p.A6)
2003        Mar 10, Carolyn Doty (b.1941), novelist and prof. of English at U. of Kansas, died. Her 4 novels included "A Day Later" (1980). "She managed to peer into corners of human behavior that others overlooked."
    (SFC, 3/29/03, p.A12)
2003        Mar 10, The European Union opened a new office in Cuba.
    (AP, 3/10/03)
2003        Mar 10, Two helicopters from Mexico's Attorney General's office were shot down near Tlapa, Guerrero, in the nation's western mountains during an anti-narcotics operation, killing all 5 officials on board.
    (AP, 3/11/03)
2003        Mar 10, The Palestinian parliament approved the new position of PM as part of reforms sought by the US, Europe and Israel to curb Yasser Arafat’s near absolute powers. Mahmoud Abbas became PM without control of the security forces or peace talks. Abbas had a doctorate in history and his books included "The Other Side: The Secret Relationship Between Nazism and the Zionist Movement."
    (AP, 3/10/03)(WSJ, 3/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/13/03, Par p.2)
2003        Mar 10, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim separatist rebels seized a bus, and two people were killed before the gunmen escaped.
    (AP, 3/10/03)
2003        Mar 10, Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov warned the Kremlin would vote against the US and British resolution that gives Saddam Hussein a March 17 deadline to disarm.
    (AP, 3/10/03)
2003        Mar 10, In Sierra Leone Foday Sankoh, a former rebel leader whose followers were known for mutilating civilians, was indicted along with 6 others by Sierra Leone’s war crimes tribunal. Sam Bockerie was among the indicted.
    (AP, 3/11/03)(SFC, 5/7/03, p.A11)
2003        Mar 10, The Sri Lankan navy exchanged fire with a Tamil Tiger boat off the northern coast, sinking the rebel vessel and likely killing all 10 on board.
    (AP, 3/10/03)

2003        Mar 11, Striking Broadway musicians settled a contract dispute with theater producers to end a walkout that shut had down 18 musicals since Mar 7, agreeing to a smaller number of musicians in the largest theaters.
    (AP, 3/11/03)
2003        Mar 11, The DJIA fell 44 to 7524, the lowest level of the year, on war concerns and bad corporate news.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Mar 11, California scientists reported that polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a family of flame retardants, were found in elevated amounts in the breasts of Bay Area women.
    (SFC, 3/12/03, p.A4)
2003        Mar 11, Benetton, an Italian retailer, said it planned to attach salt-grain sized microchip transmitters to clothing at its 5,000 stores.
    (SFC, 3/12/03, p.B1)
2003        Mar 11, A US Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed in Fort Drum, NY, and 11 of 13 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 3/12/03, p.A5)
2003        Mar 11, Kofi Annan said military action against Iraq without support of the UN security council would be out of conformity with the UN charter. The US and Britain considered a short extension past March 17, but rejected a 45-day deadline backed by 6 council members.
    (SFC, 3/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 3/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 11, The 18-judge world court was inaugurated at the Hague. It had been approved Jul 17, 1998, by the Rome Treaty.
    (SFC, 3/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 11, A top Australian intelligence adviser resigned to protest the government's hard-line policy on Iraq. Andrew Wilkie, one of its senior intelligence analysts argued that, based on U.S. and other intelligence information he has seen, there is currently no justification for a war on Iraq.
    (IPS, 3/12/03)
2003        Mar 11, Talks to unify the divided Mediterranean island of Cyprus collapsed after rival Greek and Turkish leaders failed to agree on a UN power-sharing agreement.
    (AP, 3/11/03)
2003        Mar 11, Iraq destroyed more Al Samoud 2 missiles raising the total destroyed to 52 of some 100.
    (AP, 3/11/03)
2003        Mar 11, Israeli troops fired a tank shell at a 3-story apartment building, then razed it, killing a Palestinian gunman who several hours earlier had attacked an Israeli army patrol.
    (AP, 3/11/03)
2003        Mar 11, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin bolstered the clout of the Federal Security Service (FSB) by giving it control over the country's border guards and government communications.
    (AP, 3/11/03)
2003        Mar 11, In Turkey Recep Erdogan was confirmed as the prime minister.
    (WSJ, 3/12/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 12, Elizabeth Smart, the 15-year-old girl who'd vanished from her bedroom nine months earlier, was found alive in a Salt Lake City suburb with two drifters.
    (AP, 3/12/04)
2003        Mar 12, In Iowa David England, president of Des Moines Area Community College, was arrested along with his wife, son and daughter for conspiracy to manufacture and deliver marijuana.
    (SSFC, 3/23/03, p.C4)
2003        Mar 12, Howard Fast (b.1914), historical fiction author, died in Old. Greenwich, Conn. His books included "Citizen Tom Paine" (1943), "Freedom Road" (1944), "Spartacus" (1953) and "The Naked God" (1957).
    (SFC, 3/13/03, p.A21)
2003        Mar 12, Lynne Thigpen (54), actress, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 3/12/04)
2003        Mar 12, In Afghanistan an ambush on a US convoy prompted aircraft fire that killed 5 enemy fighters.
    (SFC, 3/14/03, p.A9)
2003        Mar 12, Britain proposed compromise language giving Saddam Hussein until Mar 17 to take 6 concrete disarmament steps.
    (WSJ, 3/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 12, It was reported that the Congo Ebola outbreak was decimating the gorilla population with up to 800 lost at the Lossi sanctuary. The ape population of west equatorial Africa had fallen 50% since 1983 due to hunting and Ebola.
    (WSJ, 3/12/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 12, In Nigeria tribal fighting began between the Ijaw and Itsekiri.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.A9)
2003        Mar 12, Serbia’s PM Zoran Djindjic was assassinated in Belgrade. A group called "The Hague Brotherhood"  was later implicated along with the paramilitary group Unit for Special Operations. In 2007 Vladimir Milisavljevic was convicted and sentenced in absentia in Serbia to 35 years for his involvement in the assassination. On Feb 9, 2012, Spanish police arrested three men, including Milisavljevic, who had been a fugitive for five years after being convicted for the assassination of PM Djindjic.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A7)(AP, 2/10/12)

2003        Mar 13, Forced into a diplomatic retreat, U.S. officials said President Bush might delay a vote on his troubled United Nations resolution or even drop it, and fight Iraq without the international body's backing.
    (AP, 3/13/04)
2003        Mar 13, The Senate voted 64-33 to ban a procedure that critics called partial birth abortion.
    (AP, 3/13/04)
2003        Mar 13, In Alaska Robert Sorlie of Norway won the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog race in nine days, 15 hours, 47 minutes.
    (AP, 3/13/04)
2003        Mar 13, Israeli soldiers mistakenly killed 2 Israeli security guards.
    (SFC, 3/14/03, p.A13)
2003        Mar 13, Nepal and Maoist rebels agreed to release all prisoners of war and set guidelines for peace.
    (WSJ, 3/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 13, The UN Human Rights chief excoriated the US Guantanamo policy. He said the world shouldn't have territory "where no law applies."
    (WSJ, 3/14/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 14, Pres. Bush promised to reveal a US "road map" to Middle East peace. It was contingent on the confirmation of a Palestinian prime minister with real authority.
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 14, Police arrested 80 anti-war protesters in the SF financial district. They included Warren Langley, former head of the Pacific Exchange.
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A13)
2003        Mar 14, Actor Robert Blake was released from jail on $1.5 million bail, 11 months after he was arrested on charges of murdering his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley. Blake was later acquitted at trial.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2003        Mar 14, Christopher Boyce, whose Cold War spying was immortalized on film in "The Falcon and the Snowman," was released from a halfway house in San Francisco after about a quarter-century in prison.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2003        Mar 14, Amanda Davis (32), writing professor at Mills College in Oakland, Ca., was killed in a small plane crash near Ashville, NC, along with her parents. She was on a book signing tour for her novel "Wonder When You'll Miss Me."
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.D4)
2003        Mar 14, Jean-Luc Lagardere (b.1928), French engineer and founder of the Lagardere Group, died. In 1999 the group, among the largest of French enterprises, acquired 31.5% of Aerospatiale.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.79)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Luc_Lagard%C3%A8re)
2003        Mar 14, Hannah Foster (17) was raped and murdered near Southampton, England. Maninder Pal Singh Kohli fled Britain days after being named as a suspect. In 2007 a New Delhi court ruled that Kohli (39) should face trial in Britain for the 2003 rape and murder, in a long-awaited verdict on the drawn-out extradition wrangle.
    (AP, 6/8/07)(www.nriinternet.com/NRI_Murdered/UK/Kohli/kohliIndex.htm)
2003        Mar 14, Jean-Luc Lagardere (b.1928), French busineesman, died in Paris. He built the Lagardere Group, a large media and defense conglomerate.  In 1999 the group, among the largest of French enterprises, acquired 31.5% of Aerospatiale. His death left the group in the hands of his son Arnaud Lagardere (b.1961).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Luc_Lagard%C3%A8re)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.79)
2003        Mar 14, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder gave a speech before the German Bundestag outlining the proposed plans for reform. He pointed out three main areas which the agenda would focus on: the economy, the system of social security, and Germany's position on the world market. The agenda came to be called Agenda 2010, a reference to the Lisbon Strategy's 2010 deadline.
2003        Mar 14, In Matamoros, Mexico, police arrested drug lord Osiel Cardenas Guillen (35), aka "El Loco."
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A7)

2003        Mar 15, Many thousands of anti-war demonstrators marched in SF, Washington DC and around the world against plans for a war with Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/15/08)
2003        Mar 15, In Chechnya 6 Russian soldiers were killed by rebel fire and mines. Attackers destroyed 2 polling stations ahead of the Mar 23 constitutional referendum.
    (SFC, 3/17/03, p.A4)
2003        Mar 15, Hu Jintao was chosen to replace Jiang Zemin as the president of China.
    (AP, 3/15/04)
2003        Mar 15, In Pakistan authorities near Lahore arrested Yassir al-Jaziri, a suspected key al-Qaeda figure.
    (SFC, 3/16/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 16, Pres. Bush met with PM Tony Blair and Spain's PM Jose Maria Aznar in the Azores and made it clear they were ready to go to war with or without UN endorsement. Bush said "Tomorrow is a moment of truth for the world."
    (SFC, 3/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 16, In China Wen Jiaboa (60) replaced Zhu Rongji as premier.
    (SFC, 3/16/03, p.A16)
2003        Mar 16, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein warned that if Iraq were attacked, it would take the war anywhere in the world "wherever there is sky, land or water."
    (AP, 3/16/04)
2003        Mar 16, In the Gaza Strip Rachel Corrie (23) of Washington State was crushed to death by and Israeli Army bulldozer as she tried to block the demolition of Palestinian homes. On Aug 28, 2012, an Israeli court cleared the military of any responsibility for her death.
    (SFC, 3/17/03, p.A1)(AFP, 8/28/12)

2003        Mar 17, Pres. Bush gave Saddam Hussein 48 hours to go into exile or face military onslaught.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 17, Berlin Plus agreement, a short title for a comprehensive package of agreements between NATO and EU,  was based on conclusions of the NATO Washington Summit.
    (www.nato.int/shape/news/2003/shape_eu/se030822a.htm)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.54)
2003        Mar 17, In Washington, D.C., tobacco farmer Dwight Ware Watson, claiming to be carrying bombs, drove a tractor and trailer into a pond on the National Mall; the threat disrupted traffic for two days until Watson surrendered; there were no bombs.
    (AP, 3/17/04)
2003        Mar 17, Herbert Aptheker (87), historian, died. His work included a multi-volume "Documentary History of the Negro People," and the editing of 3 volumes of letters from W.E.B. DuBois.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.A21)
2003        Mar 17, Pen Hadow, 41, began a 478-mile trek from Ward Hunt Island in northern Canada to the geographic North Pole. He reached the Pole unsupported on May 19, but a plane has been unable to retrieve him because of broken ice and thick clouds.
    (AP, 5/27/03)
2003        Mar 17, Chinese police found 28 baby girls hidden in suitcases aboard a long-distance bus in southern Guangxi, apparently being smuggled for sale. Police later arrested 10 people involved in the scheme.
    (AP, 3/22/03)(WSJ, 3/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 17, In Soro, Denmark, Nizar Al-Khazraji (65), former Iraqi general, disappeared.
    (WSJ, 4/9/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/16/03, p.A11)
2003        Mar 17, Iraq rejected Bush's ultimatum, saying that a U.S. attack to force Saddam from power would be "a grave mistake."
    (AP, 3/17/04)
2003        Mar 17, Israeli forces invaded 2 communities in the Gaza Strip and gun battles left 10 Palestinians dead including a 4-yer-old girl.
    (SFC, 3/18/03, p.AA6)
2003        Mar 17, In the Netherlands a law went into effect that allowed pharmacies to fill prescriptions for marijuana.
    (SFC, 3/18/03, p.A8)
2003        Mar 17, In Nigeria ethnic clashes left 8 people dead, including an employee of ChevronTexaco.
    (AP, 3/18/03)
2003        Mar 17-May 25, Iraq was scheduled to take over as chairman of the UN disarmament organization, but declined the position.
    (SSFC, 2/9/03, p.A16)

2003        Mar 18, The US mounted "Operation Liberty Shield" to detain asylum seekers from suspect countries.
    (WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 18, A jury in Corpus Christi, Texas, cleared Bayer Corp. of liability in a $560 million lawsuit that accused the pharmaceutical giant of ignoring research linking the cholesterol-lowering drug Baycol to dozens of deaths.
    (AP, 3/18/04)
2003        Mar 18, In Salt Lake City, Brian Mitchell and Wanda Barzee were charged with aggravated kidnapping, sexual assault and burglary in the abduction of Elizabeth Ann Smart, who was found with them six days earlier.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2003        Mar 18, Olympic gold medal figure skater Sarah Hughes won the Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur athlete.
    (AP, 3/18/04)
2003        Mar 18, A major snowstorm hit Colorado and Wyoming with over 3-6 feet of snow. The Denver Airport closed under the worst storm in 90 years.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/20/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 18,  In Australia PM John Howard said his government would commit 2,000 military personnel to any U.S.-led strike aimed at disarming Iraq.
    (AP, 3/19/03)
2003        Mar 18, In Colombia gunmen killed Luis Eduardo Alfonso Parada (27), print and radio journalist, outside his office in the eastern state of Arauca. Alfonso had reported on alleged corruption in Arauca and said he was receiving death threats. On Dec 30, 2009, prosecutors ordered the preventative detention of Jose Ruben Pena Tobon, a paramilitary commander of the right-wing paramilitary bloc that killed Alfonso.   
    (AP, 3/19/03)(AP, 12/30/09)
2003        Mar 18, Congo leaders signed a cease-fire with tribal militias and local chiefs in northeastern Congo.
    (AP, 3/18/03)
2003        Mar 18, Some $900 million in US bills and as much as 100 million in euros was taken from Iraq's Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family. The New York Times reported on May 5 that Saddam ordered the money taken from the Central Bank and sent his son Qusai in the middle of the night. This became the largest cash theft in recent history.
    (AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 2/28/06)
2003        Mar 18, Israeli forces killed 2 Hamas militants in West Bank clashes. One Israeli solder was killed.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A6)(WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 18, The Palestinian parliament established the post of prime minister. It gave Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), the new PM, control of domestic affairs and internal security issues.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 18, In Serbia the parliament elected Zoran Zivkovic to replace assassinated PM Zoran Djindjic. Zivkovic promised to continue reforms, fight crime and bring war crimes suspects to justice.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A7)
2003        Mar 18, In Yemen a man shot 4 Hunt Oil company workers. He killed 3 and shot himself dead.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A5)
2003        Mar 18-19, In Zimbabwe a 2-day national strike, called to protest the increasingly authoritarian government, shut down businesses and disrupted transportation services across the country.
    (AP, 3/19/03)

2003        Mar 19, President Bush ordered the start of war against Iraq. Because of the time difference, it was early March 20 in Iraq. Operation Iraqi Freedom began with a few US targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later, firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its border with Kuwait. The codename for the invasion of Iraq was Cobra II. In 2006 Michael Gordon and Bernard Trainor authored “Cobra II: The Inside Story of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq.
    (SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(AP, 3/19/04)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.82)
2003        Mar 19, Tobacco farmer Dwight Ware Watson, who'd claimed to be carrying bombs in a tractor and trailer that he'd driven into a pond on Washington's National Mall, surrendered after disrupting traffic for two days; there were no explosives.
    (AP, 3/19/04)
2003        Mar 19, Holmes Rolston III (70), philosopher, clergyman and scientist, was awarded the Templeton Prize for his work on faith-based environmental ethics.
    (SFC, 3/20/03, p.A11)
2003        Mar 19, The SEC filed a civil suit claiming that HealthSouth Corp. and its chairman Richard M. Scrushy had committed massive accounting fraud to overstate earnings by some $1.4 billion since 1999. Weston Smith, the former finance chief, later pleaded guilty to 4 charges.  HealthSouth fired Scrushy as chairman and CEO. He was indicted in November.
    (WSJ, 5/20/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)(WSJ, 6/29/05, p.A8)
2003        Mar 19, A Cuban airliner was hijacked to Key West. 6 hijackers took control of the plane without telling the 25 passengers and six crew members about their asylum plans. The six were later convicted of federal hijacking charges.
    (SFC, 3/20/03, p.A15)(AP, 3/19/04)
2003        Mar 19, Mudslides in a city in Colombia's mountainous coffee-growing region left at least 11 people dead and destroyed dozens of houses.
    (AP, 3/20/03)
2003        Mar 19, In northeastern Congo 22 people were hacked to death.
    (AP, 3/21/03)
2003        Mar 19, Doctors in Hong Kong reportedly identified the deadly pneumonia virus as belonging to the paramyxoviridae family. The severe acute respiratory illness (SARS) had killed at least 11 people and left hundreds ill. The outbreak is believed to have began in southern China in November. Later reports held that it could be a coronavirus, part of a group that cause the common cold.
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A8)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A4)(WSJ, 4/3/03, p.B1)
2003        Mar 19, It was reported that Iraq had some 10 million land mines.
    (WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 19, Boatloads of Nigerian troops headed into the oil-rich Niger Delta on to put down days of ethnic violence that has left dozens dead and disrupted multinational oil operations.
    (AP, 3/20/03)(SFC, 3/21/03, p.A9)
2003        Mar 19, EU officials found electronic bugs in a building in Brussels where a summit was set to open the next day. Belgian police suspected the US.
    (WSJ, 3/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 19, In Palestine Mahmoud Abbas accepted the new post of prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/20/03, p.A13)
2003         Mar 19, Serbian lawmakers forced 35 judges into retirement for failing to prosecute underworld bosses.
    (SFC, 3/20/03, p.A15)
2003        Mar 19, PM Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey was preparing to open its airspace to US warplanes but would not allow them access to airbases.
    (AP, 3/19/03)

2003        Mar 20, The SF Asian Museum opened in the renovated former SF main Library. The makeover was designed by Italian architect Gae Aulenti (1928-2012). She was also known for the 1986 makeover of a Parisian train station into the Musee D’Orsay.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 11/4/12, p.C12)
2003        Mar 20, Tornadoes hit rural Georgia and 6 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.A7)
2003        Mar 20, Texas executed its 300th inmate since restoring the death penalty in 1982.
    (WSJ, 3/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 20, Some 600 US and Romanian ground troops in Afghanistan began Operation Valiant Strike, an intensified search for Taliban, al Qaeda and loyalists to Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
    (SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 20, In the Central African Republic Gen. Francois Bozizea asked his fighters to hand over their weapons to troops from neighboring Chad, prompting the insurgents to accuse their leader of betraying them.
    (AP, 3/21/03)
2003        Mar 20, China demanded that military action against Iraq stop immediately and said the initial attack was "violating the norms of international behavior."
    (AP, 3/20/03)
2003        Mar 20, Fidel Castro's agents arrested some of the government's leading critics in a crackdown on dissidents accused of working with US diplomats to undermine Cuba's socialist system. Jail sentences of over 20 years were later imposed on 75 of the dissidents.
    (AP, 3/21/03)(Econ, 1/4/14, p.11)
2003        Mar 20, The Czech Interior Ministry published a list of some 75,000 people identified as agents of the former communist secret police, the STB.
    (AP, 3/20/03)
2003        Mar 20, Operation Iraqi Freedom began with a few targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later, firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its border with Kuwait. US Sec. of State Rumsfeld warned that the attack in Iraq would be "of a force and scope and scale that is beyond what has been seen before." A "shock and awe" strategy was planned based on a 1996 "rapid dominance" strategy. The US seized $1.74 billion in frozen Iraqi assets and declared it would be used for humanitarian purposes. Saddam Hussein appeared on state-run television accusing the United States of a "shameful crime" and urging his people to "draw your sword" against the invaders. Iraq set fire to at least 10 oil wells.
     (SFC, 3/20/03, p.W1)(SFC, 3/21/03, p.W11)(WSJ, 3/21/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/20/04)
2003        Mar 20, Hundreds of thousands of people marched on American embassies in world capitals to protest the war against Iraq.
    (AP, 3/20/03)
2003        Mar 20, Norwegian police arrested Mullah Krekar, the leader of a Kurdish guerrilla group suspected of links to al-Qaida, on kidnapping charges. After settling in Norway in 1991, Krekar founded the Kurdish Ansar al-Islam during visits to Iraq.
    (AP, 3/20/03)(AP, 2/14/12)
2003        Mar 20, The Palestinian Authority broke up a Hamas training session and a firefight followed that killed one militant.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.A15)
2003        Mar 20, In Serbia nearly 1,000 people were arrested in a crackdown on criminal groups following the assassination of Serbian PM Zoran Djindjic.
    (AP, 3/20/03)
2003        Mar 20, A suspected Tamil Tiger rebel boat attacked and sank a vessel carrying Chinese fishermen off eastern Sri Lanka, killing 17 people on board.
    (AP, 3/21/03)
2003        Mar 20, Turkey's parliament approved a motion allowing over-flights for US warplanes. Turkey announced plans to send thousands of troops into Kurdish-controlled northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/20/03)
2003        Mar 20, UN Sec. Gen'l. Kofi Annan asked to be put in charge of a humanitarian program to aid Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.W14)
2003        Mar 20-Apr 9, At least 1,700 Iraqi civilians were killed and over 8,000 injured in the battle for Baghdad.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 21, The House approved a $2.2 trillion budget embracing President Bush's tax-cutting plan.
    (AP, 3/21/04)
2003        Mar 21, A young man from LA visiting Las Vegas hit pay dirt, a world record $39 million on a slot machine.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 21, A CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter crashed in Kuwait and killed 12 British and 4 US soldiers. US Marines captured the strategic port in the southern Iraqi city of Umm Qasr.
    (AP, 3/21/03)
2003        Mar 21, In the 3rd day of Operation Iraqi Freedom the "shock and awe" air campaign began. 2 days of US air attacks killed 4 civilians in Baghdad and left some 242 injured.
    (SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)
2003        Mar 21, North Korea condemned the US-led war on Iraq and said American war games in South Korea were pushing the divided peninsula "to the brink of a nuclear war."
    (AP, 3/21/03)
2003        Mar 21, A South African commission that investigated the crimes of the era recommended  that the government pay compensation totaling $348 million to more than 21,000 victims of apartheid-era abuses.
    (AP, 3/21/03)
2003        Mar 21, In Yemen police clashed with anti-war demonstrators trying to storm the US Embassy, leaving a policeman and protester dead.
    (AP, 3/21/03)

2003        Mar 22, Many thousands of people marched in cities around the world or demonstrated outside U.S. military bases, but the demonstrations were far smaller than earlier protests.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2003        Mar 22, U.S. forces reported seizing a large weapons cache in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2003        Mar 22, Scientists believe they have found the virus responsible for the mystery SARS virus and announced a test to diagnose it.
    (AP, 3/23/03)
2003        Mar 22, In the 4th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom intermittent explosions were heard throughout the day in Baghdad and by late afternoon at least 12 huge columns of smoke could be seen rising from all along the southern horizon of the city. US and British forces reached half way to Baghdad and British forces were left surrounding Basra.
    (AP, 3/22/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 22, A 4-man ITN TV crew drove into a war zone near Az Zubayr, Iraq, and reporter Terry Lloyd (50) was killed. 2 men went missing and one escaped.
    (WSJ, 5/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 22, Two British Royal Navy helicopters collided over the Persian Gulf, killing all 7 on board including a US Navy officer.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, Burundi's hard-line Hutu rebel group expressed satisfaction with its first round of peace talks in Switzerland.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, Dozens of Chechen rebels surrendered their weapons in a ceremony apparently designed to promote harmony on the eve of a constitutional referendum.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, A gas explosion killed 28 people and trapped 45 others in a coal mine in northern China.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, In eastern Congo an overloaded ferry traveling between rebel-held ports sank in Lake Tanganyika, killing 111 people. It was sailing in Burundian waters to avoid rival tribal fighters.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 22, Thousands of angry protesters from Japan to Greece marched Saturday against the US-led war in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, Sgt. Hasan Akbar, a US soldier, threw grenades into 3 tents at Camp Pennsylvania, a 101st Airborne command center in Kuwait, killing one fellow serviceman and wounding 13. In 2005 Akbar was convicted of premeditated and attempted murder. On April 28, 2005, Akbar was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 3/23/03)(SFC, 4/22/05, p.A13)(SFC, 4/29/05, p.A10)
2003        Mar 22, In Nigeria ethnic militants threatened to blow up 11 multinational oil installations they claimed to have captured in retaliation for military raids.
    (AP, 3/22/03)

2003        Mar 23, In the 75th annual Academy Awards "Chicago" won for Best Picture, Roman Polanski for best director (The Pianist), Adrien Brody for best actor (The Pianist), Nicole Kidman for best actress (The Hours), Chris Cooper for best-supporting actor (Adaptation), and Catherine Zeta-Jones for best supporting actress (Chicago).
    (SFC, 3/24/03, p.C5)
2003        Mar 23, Michael Moore criticized Pres. Bush and the US-led war in Iraq during his acceptance speech at the Academy Awards, drawing a partial standing ovation and some jeers from Hollywood's elite.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 23, A Maryland nurse died 5 days after being vaccinated for smallpox. A 2nd nurse died Mar 27.
    (SFC, 3/26/03, p.A6)(SFC, 3/28/03, p.A7)
2003        Mar 23, Adrian O'Neill Robinson (25) allegedly shot and killed his father (56) in Hamilton, Georgia. He then kidnapped 2 nuns, one of whom was found 3 days later, mutilated in a Norfolk, Va., parking lot. The other nun was found ok.
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A7)
2003        Mar 23, US and allied Afghan forces clashed with militiamen loyal to a renegade warlord in a battle that left up to 10 rebels dead. A US Air Force helicopter on a mercy mission to help 2 injured Afghan children crashed in southeastern Afghanistan, killing all 6 people on board.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 23, In northern Afghanistan flooding and heavy rains killed at least 11 people and damaged hundreds of houses.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 23, In the 5th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led warplanes and helicopters attacked Republican Guard units defending Baghdad while ground troops advanced to within 50 miles of the Iraqi capital. Pres. Bush put a $75 billion price tag on a down payment for the war. The 507th Maintenance Company was ambushed after it made a wrong turn into Nasiriya; 11 soldiers were killed, seven were captured, including Pfc. Jessica Lynch. Lori Piestewa (23) was killed, with the gruesome distinction of being the first native American in the US army to be killed in combat. Lynch was rescued on April 1, 2003.
    (AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)(www.nativeweb.org/weblog/piestewa/)(AP, 3/23/08)
2003        Mar 23, A US bomb struck a bus at a service area in al-Rutba, Iraq, enroute from Baghdad to Syria. 5 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/25/03, p.W7)
2003        Mar 23, A British Royal Air Force Tornado jet was shot down by a U.S. Patriot missile in the first reported incident of "friendly" fire in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/23/03)
2003        Mar 23, Arab nations called for an emergency Security Council meeting to demand an end to the US-led war against Iraq and the withdrawal of all invading forces.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 23, In the CAR Gen. Francois Bozize said Abel Goumba (76), a veteran opposition leader, will oversee daily operations in the government.
    (AP, 3/23/03)
2003        Mar 23, A Chechen referendum strongly approved a new constitution that confirmed Chechnya as part of Russia and endorsed rules for electing a Chechen president and parliament.
    (AP, 3/23/03)(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.A11)
2003        Mar 23, Iraqi state television showed two men said to have been the US crew of an Apache helicopter forced down during heavy fighting in central Iraq. Iraqi forces captured at least 5 soldiers of an Army maintenance company. US Central Command reported 12 missing. About 20 Americans were captured or killed at Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 3/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 23, In Kashmir gunmen shot to death Abdul Majid Dar, the former leader of Kashmir's largest Islamic rebel group, in what may have been retribution for talks with the Indian government.
    (AP, 3/23/03)
2003        Mar 23, In Nicaragua the party of President Enrique Bolanos abandoned him after months of quarreling over the government's prosecution of his predecessor, a fellow party member.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 23, Slovenes endorsed membership in NATO and the European Union.
    (AP, 3/23/03)(AP, 3/24/03)

2003        Mar 24, In the 6th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces began strikes against the Medina Division of the Republican Guard guarding Baghdad. Hussein appeared on Iraqi TV as coalition forces held over 3,000 prisoners. 10 Marines were killed in combat around Nasiriya.
    (WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C2)
2003        Mar 24, The National Transportation Safety Board concluded that Boeing 737 rudder problems caused two fatal airline crashes and nearly triggered a third.
    (AP, 3/24/04)
2003        Mar 24, In Texas a fire in a sugar-cane field killed 5 illegal Mexican immigrants hiding there.
    (WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 24, Philip Yordan (88), Oscar-winning writer, died in San Diego.
    (SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A23)
2003        Mar 24, Al-Jazeera went live with its English-based web site, for an alternative perspective from Western media: (http://english.aljazeera.net)
    (WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A12)
2003        Mar 24, Arab League foreign ministers adopted a resolution that called for the US and Britain to withdraw their troops from Iraq immediately and without conditions.
    (AP, 3/25/03)
2003        Mar 24, In Brazil gunmen killed Alexandre Martins de Castro Filho, a judge who focused on organized crime, 10 days after another prominent judge was gunned down in a similar slaying.
    (AP, 3/25/03)
2003        Mar 24, British police arrested Russian tycoon Boris Berezovsky at the request of Russian authorities. A charge alleged that between Jan. 1, 1994, and Dec. 31, 1995, he defrauded the Administration of Samara Region of 60 billion rubles whilst being director of Logovaz.
    (AP, 3/25/03)
2003        Mar 24, In Georgia Pres. Shevardnadze confirmed that the US was flying U-2 spy planes over the Pankisi Gorge area to help fight Chechen rebel infiltration.
    (WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 24, Saddam Hussein appeared on Iraqi TV telling his nation that "victory is soon."
    (SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 24, Iraqi state television showed two men said to have been the U.S. crew of an Apache helicopter forced down during heavy fighting in central Iraq. Chief Warrant Officer David Williams and Chief Warrant Officer Ronald D. Young Junior spent three weeks in captivity before they were released along with five other POWs.
    (AP, 3/24/04)
2003        Mar 24, Israeli forces near Hebron shot dead Ahmed Abahreh (14), who was throwing stones at an Israeli armored vehicle.
    (SFC, 3/25/03, p.A6)
2003        Mar 24, Suspected Islamic militants in Indian army uniforms dragged 24 Hindus from their homes, lined them up outside a temple and shot them to death in a remote village in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 24, Mexico City police chief Marcelo Ebrard said that Leoluca Orlando, former mayor of Palermo, Italy, will be hired to combat crime. His work will complement Rudolph Giuliani's who hired on for $4.3 million.
    (AP, 3/25/03)
2003        Mar 24, Russian officials declared that the approval of a new constitution by Chechnya's voters completely discredited the separatist cause, further dimming hopes that the Kremlin would negotiate an end to the 3 1/2-year war.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 24, In Serbia Zvezdan Jovanovic, a deputy commander of the Unit for Special Operations used by the former Yugoslav president during the 1990s wars in Bosnia and Croatia, was arrested for the murder of PM Zoran Djindjic.
    (AP, 3/25/03)
2003        Mar 24, In Zimbabwe the Zwakwana human rights said forces loyal to President Robert Mugabe hunted down government opponents after a national strike, beating them with iron bars and whips. At least 1 person was killed.
    (AP, 3/24/03)

2003        Mar 25, Celine Dion opened a three-year gig in the new $95 million Colosseum theater at Caesars Palace.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 25, Pres. Bush issued an order to delay the release of millions of historical documents for more than 3 years and to ease reclassification of data deemed of possible harm to national security.
    (WSJ, 3/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 25, The Senate voted to slash President Bush's proposed $726 billion tax-cutting package in half, handing the president a defeat on the foundation of his plan to awaken the nation's slumbering economy.
    (AP, 3/25/04)
2003        Mar 25, Former Waterbury, Conn., Mayor Philip Giordano was convicted by a federal jury of violating the civil rights of two preteen girls by sexually abusing them. Giordano was later sentenced to 37 years in federal prison.
    (AP, 3/25/04)
2003        Mar 25, The US Navy brought in 2 specially trained bottle-nosed Atlantic dolphins to help ferret out mines in the approaches of the port of Umm Qasr.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 25, In the 7th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US aircraft dropped more than 2,000 precision-guided bombs on Iraq since the war's start. The "smart" bombs were produced for a relatively cheap $20,000 each. Sandstorms slowed coalition movement and air missions. US officials reported 150-200 Iraqi soldiers were killed near Najaf.
    (AP, 3/25/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C2)
2003        Mar 25, Six satellite jamming devices, which Iraq was using to try to thwart American precision guided weapons, were destroyed in the last 2 nights.
    (AP, 3/25/03)   
2003        Mar 25, Some 150-500 Iraqi fighters were killed in fighting east of Najaf.
    (AP, 3/25/03)(SFC, 3/26/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 25, A light plane carrying 3 Americans crashed in southern Colombia while searching for 3 other Americans captured by rebels last month.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 25, Muhamed Sacirbegovic (46), former Bosnia ambassador to the US (1992-2000) was arrested in NYC. The Bosnian government has accused him of stealing more than $2.4 million, about $1.8 million from the nation's Investment Fund Ministry and more than $600,000 from the account of Bosnia's representation at the UN.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 25, Israeli troops killed 2 wanted Hamas militants. Sprayed bullets also killed a girl (10). A West Bank boy (14) throwing stones was shot dead.
    (SFC, 3/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 25, Philippine troops killed a senior commander of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group in a raid on his hideout.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 25, Saudi Arabia contacted the United States and Iraq with a peace proposal and was still awaiting a response.
    (AP, 3/25/03)
2003        Mar 25, In Thailand police said they shot and killed 42 people during a 7-week-old crackdown on drugs that has drawn protest from human rights groups. Nearly 400 drug makers and more than 12,000 dealers were arrested.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 25, In Uganda a gang of ivory poachers killed six adult elephants and one calf in a "gruesome massacre" in Queen Elizabeth National Park. The poachers used acid to remove the tusks.
    (AP, 4/4/03)

2003        Mar 26, The Senate approved a $2.2 trillion budget that provided less than half the $726 billion in tax cuts President Bush wanted.
    (AP, 3/26/04)
2003        Mar 26, In the 8th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom Baghdad officials said two cruise missiles hit a residential area, killing 14 people. Iraq said 36 civilians were killed and 215 wounded in US airstrikes on Baghdad. Some 1,000 US paratroopers jumped into northern Iraq as sandstorms eased.
    (AP, 3/26/03)(AP, 3/27/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)
2003        Mar 26, Federal energy regulators (FERC) validated California claims to 2000-2001 overcharges for energy and said the state is owed $3.3 billion in refunds from Enron and 5 other energy firms. California called for $9 billion.
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 26, Daniel Patrick Moynihan (76), former NY Senator (1976-2000) and scholar, died. He wrote or edited some 18 books. In 2010 Steven Weisman edited his letters: “Daniel Patrick Moynihan: A Portrait in Letters of an American Visionary."
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A1)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.104)
2003        Mar 26, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels attacked a government checkpoint and 13 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 3/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 26, The Burundian army attacked a rebel stronghold in a Kibira forest with mortars and artillery, killing 68 insurgents. Rebels said only 2 fighters were killed.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 26, India test-fired a short-range missile capable of carrying a nuclear weapon, and Pakistan immediately announced it had tested a similar missile.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 26, In India gunmen fatally shot a senior Hindu nationalist in western Gujarat state.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 26, Pirates with automatic weapons stormed an Indonesian tanker ship in the Malacca Strait and escaped with equipment and cash.
    (AP, 3/29/03)
2003        Mar 26, NATO officially signed up 7 eastern European nations to become members: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 26, In Nigeria Ijaw militants battling soldiers and tribal enemies in the oil-rich delta region called for a cease-fire after state officials agreed to support their political demands.
    (AP, 3/26/03)
2003        Mar 26, In South Korea a late night fire in a grade school dormitory killed eight children.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 26, Interpol issued an international call for the arrest of former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori on charges of murder and kidnapping in Peru.
    (AP, 3/26/04)   

2003        Mar 27, Pres. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair met to assess the progress of the war in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, The Bush administration seized $1.62 billion in Iraqi assets already frozen in the US. The money would be used to help rebuild Iraq once Saddam Hussein is ousted.
    (AP, 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 27, Richard Perle quit as head of the Pentagon advisory board amid allegations of conflicts of interests with his business deals.
    (WSJ, 3/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 27, It was reported that the SARS disease had killed 50 people and infected some 1,300 in 13 countries.
    (WSJ, 3/27/03, p.A1)
2003         Mar 27, Paul Zindel (66), Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, died in New York.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2003        Mar 27, In Afghanistan Ricardo Munguia (39), a Red Cross water engineer from El Salvador, was killed by Taliban gunmen.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A5)(Reuters 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 27, In Colombia FARC land mines killed 11 soldiers near Aracataca, the birthplace of Nobel laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, EU governments agreed to ban single-hulled oil tankers carrying heavy fuel in an attempt to reduce the risk of slicks.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, France introduced a new terrorism alert system, with 4 color-coded levels to make the national warning plan more flexible and understandable.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, In the 9th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom a British armored unit destroyed 14 Iraqi tanks trying to break out of the besieged city of Basra. A sea-borne relief operation was postponed after discovering Iraqi mines in the shipping channel leading to the recently captured Iraqi port of Umm Qasr. Heavy bombing on Baghdad destroyed a main telephone exchange.
    (AP, 3/27/03)(SFC, 3/28/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 27, In Israel Israeli forces killed 3 Palestinian police officers in Beit Hanoun, Gaza.
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A10)
2003        Mar 27, in Kyrgyzstan a fire engulfed a crowded passenger bus, killing  21 victims, believed to have been Chinese vendors of Uighur ethnicity. Robbery was suspected.
    (AP, 3/27/03)(AP, 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 27, Mexican federal agents killed 2 suspected drug runners in a shootout near the Texas border.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, In Yangon, Myanmar, a bomb went off in front of a state telecommunications office, killing at least one person and wounding three as the country marked Armed Forces Day.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, Russia's Evgeni Plushenko won his 2nd World Figure Skating Championships title, edging American Tim Goebel.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2003        Mar 27, In Serbia Milan Lukovic and Dusan Spasojevic, Zemun Clan leaders and suspects in the Zoran Djindjic assassination, were killed as they resisted arrest.
    (SFC, 3/28/03, p.A12)
2003        Mar 27, In Zimbabwe opposition leaders urged the nation's soldiers and police to disobey orders to crush any show of dissent against the government.
    (AP, 3/27/03)

2003        Mar 28, In the 10th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom the biggest bombs dropped on Baghdad so far, two 4,700-pound "bunker busters," struck a communications tower. In the south, Iraqi fighters defending the besieged city of Basra fired on hundreds of civilians trying to flee. The British supply ship Sir Galahad docked at the port of Umm Qasr. The Bush administration said fighting might not be over for months. At least 58 people were killed in a crowded market in northwest Baghdad by what local officials called a coalition bombing. A US pilot was heard saying "I'm going to be sick," then "we're in jail, dude," after firing on the British convoy in the southern Iraqi city of Basra. Lance Corporal of Horse Matty Hull was killed by American pilots.
    (AP, 3/28/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W1)(AP, 2/6/07)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.58)
2003        Mar 28, Chechen rebels killed six Russian soldiers and two riot police.
    (AP, 3/29/03)
2003        Mar 28, In Hong Kong at least 58 more people became sick with symptoms of SARS. 11 Hong Kong deaths were on the disease.
    (SFC, 3/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 28, In Jammu-Kashmir suspected Islamic militants attacked and mutilated 5 Kashmiri Muslim villagers, accusing them of being police informants.
    (AP, 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 28, Japan's first spy satellites were blasted into orbit, causing an angry North Korea to warn the move could spark an arms race in the region.
    (AP, 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 28, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the UN assistance mission in Afghanistan for a year.
    (AP, 3/28/03)

2003        Mar 29, Michelle Kwan became only the third American to win five World Figure Skating Championships, after Dick Button and Carol Heiss.
    (AP, 3/29/04)
2003        Mar 29, Pres. Bush sought to marshal the nation's resolve to withstand more casualties, saying further sacrifice must be expected.
    (AP, 3/29/03)
2003        Mar 29, A rented Ford Econoline 3-350 crashed on I-15 in southern California and 5 women enroute to a retreat were killed. Families in 2004 sued Ford alleging negligence.
    (SFC, 8/4/04, p.B5)
2003        Mar 29, In the 11th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom a suicide bomber driving a taxi killed four American soldiers at a checkpoint near Najaf, Iraq. US jets destroyed a building in Basra where paramilitary fighters were meeting and 200 were reported killed.
    (AP, 3/29/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Mar 29, Two US special forces soldiers were killed and another wounded in an ambush in southern Afghanistan. Fighting there killed four Taliban with 6 captured.
    (AP, 3/29/03)
2003        Mar 29, A gamma ray burst was detected as a giant star exploded and collapsed into a black hole some 2 billion light years away in the direction of the constellation Leo.
    (SFC, 4/28/03, A8)
2003        Mar 29, The government of Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, Bolivia's president, was on the verge of collapse. His ratings were the lowest of any South American leader, and he admitted coups were brewing beneath him.
    (AP, 3/30/03)
2003        Mar 29, In El Salvador a cargo truck carrying dozens of passengers went out of control and flipped over, killing at least 12 people and injuring 42.
    (AP, 3/30/03)
2003        Mar 29, A low-flying Iraqi missile avoided the detection of US defense systems and landed just off the coast of Kuwait City, shattering windows at the seaside Souq Sharq shopping mall.
    (AP, 3/29/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W5)
2003        Mar 29, Israeli troops shot a killed a 17-year-old Palestinian throwing stone at troops near Nablus.
    (SSFC, 3/30/03, p.A9)
2003        Mar 29, In Mexico a small government plane crashed in the mountains of southern Mexico, killing all five people aboard. Passengers included Porfirio Encino Hernandez, state sec. for Indian affairs; his son and brother; Berenice Lopez, the daughter of former Gov. Javier Lopez; and pilot Guadalupe Gil.
    (AP, 4/1/03)
2003        Mar 29, Nigeria police shot and killed seven members of the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra and arrested more than 20 to forestall a rally where they planned to make a symbolic declaration of independence. The leader of the failed Biafra state, Emeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, a leading opposition politician, lost in the April, 2003, presidential elections that were widely alleged to have been rigged.
    (AP, 3/30/03)(AP, 3/23/05)
2003        Mar 29, In the Philippines troops clashed with communist guerrillas in a hilly area near the capital, and at least 24 were people killed.
    (AP, 3/30/03)
2003        Mar 29, Italian Dr. Carlo Urbani (46), a WHO expert on communicable diseases, died of SARS in Thailand, where he was being treated after becoming infected while working in Vietnam. Urbani was the 1st doctor to identify SARS.
    (AP, 3/29/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.A6)
2003        Mar 29, A Turkish man who had hijacked a Turkish Airlines flight the day before was persuaded by Turkey's prime minister to release his 204 hostages after the plane landed in Athens, Greece.
    (AP, 3/29/04)

2003        Mar 30, In the 12th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom an Iraqi general, captured by British forces in southern Iraq, was pressed to provide information. A British TV correspondent covering the war in Iraq died after apparently falling from a hotel roof.
    (AP, 3/30/03)
2003        Mar 30, Students in China staged a rare state-sanctioned protest as hundreds of thousands around the world staged another day of rallies denouncing the US led war in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/30/03)
2003        Mar 30, In Jakarta, Indonesia, tens of thousands of protesters marched upon the U.S. Embassy chanting "America Imperialist, No. 1 terrorist!"
    (AP, 3/30/03)
2003        Mar 30, In Netanya, Israel, Rami Ghanem (20), a Palestinian suicide bomber, exploded near the London Café and at least 30 people were injured. The Islamic Jihad called the attack "Palestine's gift to the heroic people of Iraq."
    (SFC, 3/31/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/30/04)

2003        Mar 31, In the 13th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led troops fought pitched battles with Saddam Hussein's Republican Guard within 50 miles of the capital. B-1, B-2 and B-52 bombers struck communication and command centers in Baghdad, and cruise missiles set Iraq's Information Ministry ablaze. Casualties from the war to date US total: 40 dead, 7 captured, 18 missing; British total: 25 dead. Of 8,000 precision bombs dropped since the war began, 3,000 fell in the last 3 days. Port operations at Umm Qasr looked to be delayed for weeks.
    (AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 31, US troops between Karbala and Najaf shot and killed 10 Iraqi civilians including women and children, when the driver of a van failed to stop at a checkpoint. The Pentagon reported 7 killed.
    (AP, 4/1/03)(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 31, NBC said it severed its relations with reporter Peter Arnett after he told Iraqi television that the US war plan against Saddam Hussein had failed. Arnett was quickly hired by London's Daily Mirror.
    (AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.B1)
2003        Mar 31, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter (b.1907), British-born mathematician, died. He pioneered the study of higher-dimensional shapes called polytopes. In 2006 Siobhan Roberts authored “King of Infinite Space."
2003        Mar 31, Britain and the US signed a new Extradition Treaty.
2003        Mar 31, The DJIA fell 153 to 7992.
    (SFC, 4/1/03, p.C1)
2003        Mar 31, In Bolivia rescue officials struggled to reach victims buried by a landslide that roared through Chima, a gold-mining town in Bolivia's tropical lowlands, killing an estimated 300-400 people.
    (AP, 4/1/03)(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A8)(AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Mar 31, Hong Kong authorities quarantined more than 200 other residents in an apartment block in an effort to contain the SARS virus.
    (AP, 3/31/03)
2003        Mar 31, In eastern Indonesia mudslides triggered by flash floods on Flores Island killed 48 people with 28 reported missing.
    (AP, 4/2/03)(AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Mar 31, In Tehran, Iran, a pickup truck with extra fuel crashed into the British Embassy in an apparent suicide attack. Police called it an accident.
    (SFC, 4/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 31, In Macedonia the EU began its first military operation by taking over peacekeeping duties from NATO.
    (AP, 3/31/03)
2003        Mar 31, In southern Pakistan gunmen in paramilitary uniforms shot dead 12 people and wounded 26 others in an attack linked to a tribal feud.
    (AP, 3/31/03)

2003        Mar, Hooters Air started flying between Atlanta and Myrtle Beach.
    (Econ, 6/28/03, p.65)
2003        Mar, The new $151 million Asian Art Museum, the Chong-Moon Lee Center for Asian Arts and culture, opened in San Francisco’s Old Main Library. Johnson Bogart (1928-2008), a member of the Asian Art Commission since 1992, led the successful move.
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.C1)(SFC, 8/14/08, p.B5)
2003        Mar, In the CAR Gen. Francois Bozize took power in a 2nd coup following 5 months of conflict during which Pres. Patasse had enlisted support of rebel troops from the Congo, led by Jean-Pierre Bemba, along with mercenaries from Chad and Libya. Sexual violence during this period was particularly brutal.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)
2003        Mar, In 2007 British media reported that Iran had offered to cut off aid and support for the Lebanese Shiite militia Hezbollah and the Palestinian group Hamas, and promised full transparency on its nuclear program in a secret letter to the US soon after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Iran also offered to use its influence to support stabilization in Iraq, and in return asked for a halt in hostile American behavior, an abolition of all sanctions, and the pursuit and repatriation of members of the Mujahedeen Khalq (People's Mujahedeen MKO). Lawrence Wilkerson, former chief of staff to Colin Powell, said: “As soon as it got to the Vice-President's (Dick Cheney) office, the old mantra of 'we don't talk to evil' ... reasserted itself."
    (AFP, 1/18/07)
2003        Mar, Majid Khan, a 1999 graduate of a Baltimore-area high school, was seized in Pakistan and held until 2006 in secret CIA custody. In September 2006, US authorities transferred him and other high-value detainees to Guantanamo, where they may be charged and face prosecution under a new military tribunal system.
    (AP, 12/9/07)
2003         Mar, Spain’s Supreme Court outlawed the radical Batasuna party linked to ETA.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2003        Mar, In Turkey villagers from the southeastern town of Sanliurfa hurled eggs and stones at a group of about a dozen US soldiers going to retrieve pieces of Navy-fired Tomahawk missile, which was intended for Iraq but crashed into an empty field. In 2006 charges 13 villagers were acquitted of attacking the US troops.
    (AP, 12/27/06)

2003        Mar-Apr, US warplanes dropped firebombs similar to napalm on Iraqi troops to clear the way for troops headed to Baghdad.
    (SFC, 8/6/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar-2004 Jul, In Germany 29 patients died at a Bavarian hospital. The deaths at Sonthofen of 17 female and 12 male patients (aged 40-94) were caused by a male nurse. He used a mixture of the sedative midazolam, the anesthetic etomidate and the muscle relaxant lysthenon to kill the patients. In 2005 the nurse was charged with murder. In 2015 Neils H. expressed regret for his actions during his trial in Oldenburg. On Feb 26, 2015, he was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 9/15/05)(SFC, 2/20/15, p.A2)(AP, 2/26/15)

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