Timeline 2002 October - December

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2002        Oct 1, The West Coast dockworker lockout continued.
    (SFC, 10/2/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 1, The DJIA rose 346 to 7,938. Nasdaq rose 41 to 1,213.
    (SFC, 10/2/02, p.B1)
2002        Oct 1, New Jersey Democrats chose former Senator Frank Lautenberg to be on the November ballot in place of scandal-tainted Senator Robert Torricelli.
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2002        Oct 1, Walter H. Annenberg (94), media tycoon, philanthropist and former ambassador, died in Wynnewood, Pa. Biographies included "Legacy: A Biography of Moses and Walter Annenberg" by Christopher Ogden and "The Annenbergs" by John Cooney.
    (SFC, 10/2/02, p.A2)
2002        Oct 1, The French bolstered their forces in Ivory Coast, flying in reinforcements and establishing a tactical command post for military action in its embattled former colony.
    (AP, 10/1/02)
2002        Oct 1, German police found the body of Jakob von Metzler, 11-year-old heir to a Frankfurt family banking fortune, bundled under a lakeside dock, days after the boy was kidnapped and a nearly million-dollar ransom was paid. In 2003 Magnus Gaefgen (28) told the Frankfurt state court that he had not intended the Sept. 27 kidnapping to end in death. He was convicted of kidnapping and murdering Metzler and sentenced to life in prison. In 2011 Gaefgen was awarded euro3,000 ($4,290) in damages because a police officer had threatened violence during an interrogation.
    (AP, 10/1/02)(AP, 4/11/03)(AP, 8/4/11)
2002        Oct 1, Two Indian naval reconnaissance planes taking part in a ceremonial flypast collided in mid-air over the western state of Goa, killing 15 people.
    (Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A10)
2002        Oct 1, In Indian Kashmir gunmen killed 9 people on a bus and attacked several polling stations as voters shunned the third round of elections in the troubled state's separatist heartland. 6 paramilitary troopers were killed when their vehicle exploded south of Srinagar.
    (Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A12)
2002        Oct 1, Allied aircraft launched an airstrike in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after Iraqi aircraft penetrated the restricted area. Iraq agreed to a plan for the return of UN weapons inspectors for the first time in nearly four years, but ignored US demands for access to Saddam Hussein's palaces and other contested sites. Iraq said it expected an advance party in Baghdad in two weeks.
    (AP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/2/02)
2002        Oct 1, Rwanda began pulling out 6,000 troops from a Congo border province, the latest stage in a withdrawal of all its forces that it hopes to complete by week's end.
    (AP, 10/1/02)
2002        Oct 1, In South Africa tens of thousands of workers blew whistles and sang protest songs as they marched in a nationwide strike protesting the government's privatization plans.
    (AP, 10/1/02)

2002        Oct 2, Andrew Fastow (40), the former chief financial officer of Enron Corp. was charged with securities, wire and mail fraud, money laundering and conspiring to inflate Enron's profits and enrich himself at the company’s expense. On Sep 26, 2006, Fastow was sentenced to 6 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/2/02)(SFC, 9/27/06, p.C1)
2002        Oct 2, The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the Democratic Party could replace Sen. Torricelli on the November ballot with former senator Frank Lautenberg.
    (AP, 10/2/03)
2002        Oct 2, West Coast dockworkers and shippers agreed to federal mediation as the 4-day lockout paralyzed 29 ports.
    (SFC, 10/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 2, James Martin (55) was shot to death by a sniper in Wheaton, Md. He was the 1st to die at the hands of a local serial killer. The next day, five people in the Washington D.C. area were shot dead, setting off a frantic manhunt. John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo were later arrested for 10 killings and three woundings; Muhammad has been sentenced to death, Malvo to life in prison.
    (NW, 10/21/02, p.28)(AP, 10/2/07)
2002        Oct 2, Norman O. Brown (89), author of "Life Against Death" (1959), died in Santa Cruz, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/7/02, p.A19)
2002        Oct 2, Bosnian Serb wartime leader Biljana Plavsic, one of the highest-ranking suspects at the U.N. war crimes tribunal, pleaded guilty to one count of crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 10/2/02)
2002        Oct 2, In the Philippines a bomb killed an American soldier in Zamboanga and was detonated by a Filipino on a motorcycle who died in the blast that killed one other person.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)(WSJ, 10/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 2, In northern Syria mountain homes collapsed after caves beneath them gave way in the Sawad Hill district. 31 people were killed and 22 injured.
    (AP, 10/2/02)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A9)

2002        Oct 3, The United States forgave two-thirds of Yugoslavia's debt on in a sign of improving relations with the country's reformist leadership.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, The annual Ig Nobel prizes were awarded in Cambridge, Mass. 10 prizewinners from 10 nations included the corporate directors of Enron, Adelphia, Global Crossing, Qwest, Tyco, WorldCom and 21 other companies for adopting imaginary numbers for use in the business world.
    (SSFC, 10/6/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 3, Police hunted for a "skilled shooter" who murdered five random victims over 16 hours with a high-powered rifle in Montgomery County, Maryland, just a short distance from Washington DC. A 6th victim was killed in DC. James Buchanon (39), Premkumar Walekar (54), Sarah Ramos (34), Lori Ann Lewis Rivera (25) and Pascal Charlot (72) became the 2nd to 6th victims.
    (SFC, 10/4/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A3)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A4)(NW, 10/21/02, p.28)
2002        Oct 3, Hurricane Lili gave Louisiana's coast a 100 mph battering.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2002        Oct 3, Int'l. teams of scientists declared that the genetic code of Plasmodium falciprum, the parasite that causes most human malaria, has been identified along with the genetic code of Anopheles gambiae, the mosquito most responsible for human malaria transmission.
    (SFC, 10/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 3, Wu-chi Liu (95), China-born scholar, died in Menlo Park, Ca. His books included "A Short History of Confucian Philosophy" and "An Introduction to Chinese Literature." He was also the senior editor of "Sunflower Splendor," an anthology that encompassed 3,000 years of Chinese poetry in translation.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A26)
2002        Oct 3, Canada said it planned to create 10 huge new national parks and five marine conservation areas over the next five years to protect unique landscapes and animals.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, In France tens of thousands of public workers marched through Paris to protest plans to sell off parts of state-owned companies.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, In Guatemala Col. Juan Valencia was found guilty of ordering the killing of human rights activist Myrna Mack in 1990 and sentenced to a maximum 30 years in prison. But two other military officials were acquitted.
    (AP, 10/4/02)
2002        Oct 3, India said it had killed eight Islamic militants trying to enter Indian Kashmir from Pakistani territory as the state battles a surge in rebel violence just days before the end of a disputed election.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, NATO and European Union called on Croatia to cooperate with the U.N. War Crimes Tribunal, urging the government to hand over indicted war crimes suspect Gen. Janko Bobetko.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, Turkey formally commuted Kurdish guerrilla leader Abdullah Ocalan's death sentence to life in prison after parliament abolished capital punishment two months ago in a bid to join the European Union.
    (AP, 10/3/02)

2002        Oct 4, Hans Blix, UN weapons inspector, endorsed a US demand that Iraq make a full declaration of its weapons program before inspections resume.
    (SFC, 10/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 4, John Walker Lindh, the so-called "American Taliban," received a 20-year sentence after a sobbing, halting plea for forgiveness before a federal judge in Alexandria, Va.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2002        Oct 4, Richard C. Reid pleaded guilty to trying to blow up a trans-Atlantic flight with explosives hidden in his shoes and declared himself a follower of Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 10/4/02)
2002        Oct 4, US federal agents arrested 4 suspected al Qaeda terrorists, 3 in Portland and 1 in Detroit. 2 other suspected cell members were overseas.
    (SFC, 10/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 4, A jury in Los Angeles awarded former smoker Betty Bullock (1938-2003) $850,000 in medical costs and $28 billion in punitive damages against Philip Morris. On Dec 18 a judge reduced the punitive award to $28 million. The punitive portion was reduced to $13.8 million in 2009. This was upheld by a state appeals court in 2011.
    (SFC, 10/5/02, p.A2)(SFC, 12/19/02, p.A8)(SFC, 8/18/11, p.C6)
2002        Oct 4, The DJIA fell 188 to 7,528. Nasdaq fell 25 to 1,139.
    (SFC, 10/5/02, p.B1)
2002        Oct 4, In Newark, Ca, a boy (17) was beaten to death after he showed up at a party dressed as a girl.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A21)
2002        Oct 4, In Barbados delegations from Russia, Cuba, South Africa, Colombia and France's overseas territories abandoned an anti-racism conference that voted to exclude whites saying they'll have no part in discrimination. The walkout, on the fourth day of the six-day African and African Descendants World Conference Against Racism, came after a day of negotiations failed. Some 200 delegates had voted Wednesday for whites and Asians to leave the deliberations, saying slavery was too painful a subject to discuss in front of non-Africans.
    (AP, 10/5/02)
2002        Oct 4, In France Jamal Derrar (22) poured gasoline over Sohane Benziane (17) and then approached her with a cigarette lighter, setting her on fire. She died later at a hospital with burns over 80 percent of her body. In 2006 Derrar was convicted for acts of torture and barbarity that led to unintentional death. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/8/06)
2002        Oct 4, Foreign ministers from six Pacific nations arrived in Java's ancient royal capital of Yogyakarta for a day of talks that Indonesia said would tackle the thorny issue of terrorism.
    (AP, 10/4/02)
2002        Oct 4, Lawmakers from rival Iraqi Kurdish factions met for the first time in 8 years, in a rare show of political unity ahead of a possible U.S. attack on Iraq.
    (AP, 10/4/02)
2002        Oct 4, In Nepal King Gyanendra stunned the country when he announced he was firing Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, postponing November elections and assuming direct power for the first time since absolute rule by the monarchy was abolished in 1990.
    (Reuters, 10/5/02)
2002        Oct 4, North Korean officials told a visiting US delegation that the country has a second covert nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2002        Oct 4, Pakistan said it successfully test-fired a medium-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It was named Hatf-IV (Shaheen-1) and had a range of 700 km (430 miles).
    (AP, 10/4/02)
2002        Oct 4, In central Somalia heavy fighting between the Sa'ad subclan and the Majerten clan killed at least 10 people and injured 25 others.
    (AP, 10/5/02)
2002        Oct 4, Regional mediators said the Sudanese government and southern rebels have agreed to a cessation of hostilities and the resumption of peace talks to end the country's 15-year civil war.
    (AP, 10/4/02)

2002        Oct 5, Addressing police and National Guardsmen in New Hampshire, President Bush warned that Saddam Hussein could strike without notice and inflict "massive and sudden horror" on America.
    (AP, 10/5/03)
2002        Oct 5, The Pacific Maritime Assoc. and dockworkers agreed to open Hawaii and Alaska to shipments of needed perishable supplies.
    (SSFC, 10/6/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 5, In Nevada the partially clad body of Jay R. Smith (87), a former star in “The Little Rascals," was found wrapped in a sheet near Interstate 15. Charles Wayne Crombie (d.2014), a homeless man befriended by Smith, was later convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to 20 years to life.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2002        Oct 5, Foreign ministers from six Pacific nations (Australia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand and East Timor) ended a day of talks in Indonesia's ancient royal capital Yogyakarta, vowing to fight terrorism together but said little about how they would do it.
    (Reuters, 10/5/02)
2002        Oct 5, In Bosnia elections the centrist Muslim Party for Democratic Action reported the party was in the lead following a 55% turnout. Bosnia's three nationalist parties beat moderates in the country's first self-organized elections since the 1992-1995 war. Postwar Bosnia is made up of two mini-states, the Serb republic and the Muslim-Croat federation. The two have wide powers and are linked by a joint parliament and government. Elections provided winners with four years in office instead of two.
    (AP, 10/6/02)(AP, 10/5/03)
2002        Oct 5, Israeli soldiers enforcing a curfew shot Amer Hashem, a 15-year-old Palestinian boy in Nablus, during clashes with stone-throwing protesters. It was the eve of an international round of peace diplomacy.
    (AP, 10/5/02)(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A8)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.A18)
2002        Oct 5, In Latvia the pro-business New Era party appeared set to win the most seats in parliamentary elections to choose the government that will lead this ex-Soviet republic into the European Union and NATO. Einars Repse led polls for election as prime minister.
    (AP, 10/4/02)(AP, 10/6/02)
2002        Oct 5, Rwanda withdrew its last troops from neighboring Congo, with some 1,100 soldiers marching in single file out of the war-ravaged country.
    (AP, 10/5/02)

2002        Oct 6, Almost 200 cargo ships carrying food, manufacturing equipment and retail goods sat idle all along the U.S. West Coast after four days of talks failed to bring an end to the longest work stoppage in the region in 30 years.
    (Reuters, 10/6/02)
2002        Oct 6, Brazilian voters voted 46% in favor of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, former factory worker and union boss, as president. Jose Alencar was da Silva's running mate. A runoff with Jose Sera (23%) was scheduled.
    (WSJ, 10/2/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/6/02)(SFC, 10/8/02, p.A10)
2002        Oct 6, In Colombia Jose Arroyave, a regional commander of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), was among 7 rebels killed in a military offensive.
    (AP, 10/7/02)
2002        Oct 6, A fire broke out on the Limberg, a French oil tanker off the coast of Yemen, setting barrels of oil ablaze and sparking an explosion killing one Bulgarian crew member. The explosion was soon determined to be the result of a terrorist attack. Insurance paid out $70 million for the damages.
    (AP, 10/6/02)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A13)(AP, 10/6/03)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.73)
2002        Oct 6, Prince Claus (76), the German-born husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, died in Amsterdam.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2002        Oct 6, Pope John Paul II raised to sainthood Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer the Spanish priest who founded the conservative Catholic organization Opus Dei (1928), only 27 years after his death.
    (AP, 10/6/02)

2002        Oct 7, The Nobel Prize for Medicine went to Sydney Brenner and John E. Sulston of Britain and H. Robert Horvitz of the US for their work on how genes regulate organ development and cell death.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)(SFC, 10/8/02, p.A2)
2002        Oct 7, In a somber address to the nation to support his action against Iraq, President Bush labeled Saddam Hussein a "homicidal dictator" and said the threat from Iraq was unique and imminent: "We refuse to live in fear."
    (SFC, 10/8/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/7/03)
2002        Oct 7, Space shuttle Atlantis carried 6 astronauts and a 14-ton girder for installation on the int'l. space station.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 7, In Bowie, Md., a 13-year-old boy was shot and critically wounded by a sniper at Benjamin Tasker Middle School. The shooting was linked to 6 previous killings and a card was found nearby that said: "I am God."
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A6)(SFC, 10/8/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/9/02, p.A3)
2002        Oct 7, In Afghanistan new notes replaced the old multiple currencies.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 7, In Burundi 2 smaller factions of the main rebel movements signed a cease-fire aimed at ending the 9-year civil war.
    (AP, 10/8/02)
2002        Oct 7, Israeli forces killed 16 Palestinians in Gaza that included a missile strike that killed 11. Hamas vowed revenge attacks.
    (SFC, 10/7/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/8/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 7, Elections in Trinidad and Tobago were won by Prime Minister Patrick Manning's black-dominated party with 20 of the 36 parliamentary seats.
    (AP, 10/8/02)

2002        Oct 8, President Bush, used the Taft-Hartley Act and won a federal court order to reopen West Coast ports and impose a cease-fire that would end a caustic 10-day labor lockout, which has cost the fragile economy $1 billion to $2 billion a day. A restraining order was issued through Oct 16.
    (AP, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, Two Kuwaitis opened fire on U.S. troops on a military exercise on a Kuwait's Failaka Island in the Persian Gulf, fatally wounding a Marine in what the Interior Ministry called a "terrorist" attack.
    (AP, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, Astronomers reported a frozen object beyond Pluto some 800 miles across. They named it Quaoar, after a creation force in Southern California Indian mythology. The Asteroid 50000 Quaoar (2002LM60) was identified in the Kuiper Belt with the Hubble telescope.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)(SFC, 12/30/02, p.A6)
2002        Oct 8, A nasal spray named PT-141, made by Palatin Tech., was reported to raise sexual desire.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 8, The 2002 Red List of Threatened Species, produced by a network of experts, reported that 811 species had disappeared over the last 500 years. 11,167 plants and animals were on the list, up 121 since 2000.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A5)
2002        Oct 8, In Colombia heavily armed police in tanks and on foot raided one of Medellin's most dangerous neighborhoods in an effort to regain control from leftist rebels and their rivals, the right-wing paramilitaries.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 8, Israeli forces entered Hebron following a sniper attack that wounded 4 Israelis. Israeli tankfire killed a Palestinian girl in the Gaza Strip.
    (WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, Japan's government came under pressure to shield the economy from an expected wave of bankruptcies resulting from tough new bank reforms as new evidence emerged that a brief recovery was shuddering to a halt.
    (Reuters, 10/8/02)
2002        Oct 8, Masatoshi Koshiba (76) was named one of this year's Nobel Prize winners for Physics, marking Japan's third science Nobel in as many years. Riccardo Giacconi (71) of Assoc. Univ. in Washington DC and Raymond Davis Jr. (87) of Univ. of Pennsylvania shared the prize awarded for their work on neutrinos that revised thinking about the nature of the universe.
    (AP, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/9/02, p.A2)(WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim separatist militants disguised as policemen stormed a polling station, gunning down two soldiers, as turbulent state elections ended. A 44% turnout ousted the pro-Indian national Conference.
    (Reuters, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A10) 
2002        Oct 8, In Caracas, Venezuela, city police used tear gas to disperse a group of their colleagues who tried to seize the department's communications system in an ongoing eight-day strike.
    (AP, 10/8/02)

2002        Oct 9, Daniel Kahneman, 68, a U.S. and Israeli citizen based at Princeton University in New Jersey and Vernon L. Smith, 75, of George Mason University in Fairfax, Va., won the Nobel prize for economics for pioneering the use of psychological and experimental economics in decision-making. Kahneman, an economic behaviorist, believed people tend to judge their well-being relative to others rather than in absolute terms.
    (AP, 10/9/02)(Econ, 8/30/03, p.56)
2002        Oct 9, West Coast longshoremen returned to ports crammed with cargo after a lockout that ended only after President Bush intervened.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2002        Oct 9, The space shuttle "Atlantis" arrived at the international space station, bringing with it a 14-ton girder.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2002        Oct 9, Newly-declassified Pentagon reports acknowledge that the United States used deadly chemical and biological warfare agents during Cold War military tests on American soil and in Britain and Canada from 1962-1971.
    (Reuters, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, The DJIA fell 215 to 7,286. Nasdaq fell 15 to 1,114.
    (SFC, 10/10/02, p.B1)
2002        Oct 9, Aileen Wuornos (46), a former prostitute, was executed for killing 6 men along Florida highways. She became the 10th woman executed in the US since capital punishment resumed in 1977.
    (SFC, 7/2/01, p.A7)(SFC, 10/10/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 9, Dean Meyers (53) of Gaithersburg, Md., was shot to death in Manassas, Va., in a shooting that appeared to be linked to 6 previous sniper attacks in the area. In 2009 sniper John Allen Muhammad (48) was executed in Virginia for the killing of Meyers.
    (SFC, 10/10/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A4)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.A7)
2002        Oct 9, In Armenia Aram Petrosian and Akop Khachatrian were sentenced to death for leading an armed band that terrorized Vanadzor, killing 5 people, robbing homes and racketeering. The government prepared to ask parliament to abolish the moratorium on the death penalty.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, The European Union's executive Commission declared Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia nearly ready for EU membership and recommended they be invited to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria likely will be delayed until 2007 because of weak economies, the Commission said, adding Turkey was the weakest link among candidates.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, India claimed victory after completing a turbulent state election in Indian Kashmir which it long saw as an essential rite of passage before it could consider talks with Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, Koichi Tanaka (43), research scientist for precision equipment maker Shimadzu Corporation, won Japan's second Nobel prize. His development of methods of analyzing proteins, along with work by John Fenn of the United States and Kurt Wuethrich of Switzerland, paved the way for new drugs to tackle diseases.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, Morocco's king appointed former Interior Minister Driss Jettou as prime minister, directing him to move quickly on economic and social reforms.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, Russian census takers officially began counting its population in the first tally of the nation's inhabitants in 13 years. The Muslims were found to number 14.5 million, 10% of the 145 million total.
    (AP, 10/9/02)(Econ, 4/7/07, p.47)

2002        Oct 10, Imre Kertesz (72), a Hungarian novelist and secular Jew, won the Nobel Prize for literature. His books included "Fiasco" (1988) and "Kaddish for a Child Not Born" (1990).
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A2)(SFC, 12/5/02, p.E5)
2002        Oct 10, The US Congress gave Pres. Bush authorization to use armed forces against Iraq. The House voted 296-133 in favor.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 10, Two executives who'd overseen WorldCom's financial record-keeping pleaded guilty to charges stemming from a federal probe of the company's accounting scandal.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2002        Oct 10, Allied planes bombed radar and missile sites in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq, targeting President Saddam Hussein's air defenses for the third time this week.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
 2002        Oct 10, The DJIA rose 247 to 7,533.95. Nasdaq rose 49 to 1,163.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.B1)
2002        Oct 10, Bernard Ridder Jr. (85), former St. Paul, Minn., newspaper executive, died in California. He was the head or Ridder Publications when it merged with the Knight group in 1974.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A24)
2002        Oct 10, In Algeria Prime Minister Ali Benflis' party swept local elections, with voting in the restive Berber region marred by a boycott, riots and attacks on police officers. The National Liberation Front gained control of 668 out of 1,541 town councils and took 43 of 48 district councils.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 10, The United Nations' highest judicial body ruled in favor of Cameroon in a border dispute with Nigeria, giving it possession of an oil-rich peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 10, China sent Zhu Xiaohua (53), its most senior financial official nabbed for corruption, to jail for 15 years, but spared him the executioner's bullet after he confessed to taking bribes prosecutors knew nothing about.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
2002        Oct 10, Pakistan held elections under emergency laws imposed by General Musharraf in 1999. 4 people were killed and at least 42 wounded in clashes at several polling stations during an election meant to return the country to civilian rule. A party loyal to President Pervez Musharraf emerged on top in elections which were dismissed as flawed by EU observers. The United Action Forum, a coalition of 6 Islamist parties, won 51 of 272 seats and secured control of 2 of 4 provincial assemblies. The PPP won at least 70 of the seats. All the Islamist parties combined won 11% of the popular vote.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A10)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.50)
2002        Oct 10, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed a woman and wounded 12 other people by blowing himself up near a bus in Israel, but the driver and passengers prevented a higher death toll by stopping him boarding.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
2002        Oct 10, In the southern Philippines a bomb ripped through a bus terminal in Kidapawan City in North Cotobato province, killed 6 people and wounding 2 dozen in the latest of a series of bomb attacks in the violence-hit region.
    (Reuters, 10/10/02)(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A11)
2002        Oct 10, In Venezuela hundreds of thousands marched through Caracas calling for the ouster of Pres. Chavez.
    (WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A10)

2002        Oct 11, Former US Pres. Carter won the Nobel Peace prize.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 11, The Senate joined the House in approving, 77-23, the use of America's military might against Iraq.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2002        Oct 11, Kenneth Bridges (53) was shot and killed in Spotsylvania, Va., the 8th victim of the DC area sniper. In 2004 Lee Boyd Malvo (19) in a plea bargain accepted life in prison for the murder of Bridges.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A4)(SFC, 10/27/04, p.A3)
2002        Oct 11, In Burlingame, Ca., 4 bank robbers killed Alice Martel (34), the Wells Fargo bank manager, and fled with about $4,000. Seti Scanlon (24), Sikai Fano Telea (26), Manny Liu (25) and Amu Wynn (26) were all soon arrested. Scanlon was convicted of murder in 2004 and sentenced to life in prison. In 2005 Telea was sentenced to life in prison. Wynn was sentenced 40 years to life. Liu, the driver, was sentenced to 36 years and 4 months after a plea bargain.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/4/02, p.A17)(SFC, 11/11/02, p.A17)(SFC, 7/13/05, p.B4)
2002        Oct 11, In Wisconsin 10 people were killed in a crash on I-43 that involved over 2 dozen vehicles north of Milwaukee.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 11, In Vantaa, Finland, a blast in the Myyrmanni shopping mall of suburban Helsinki killed 7 people, including chemistry student Petri Gerdt (19), the suspected bomber. 80 others were injured.
    (AP, 10/12/02)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)(SFC, 10/16/02, p.A14)
2002        Oct 11, The Philippine military reported that marines clashed with Abu Sayyaf rebels on Jolo Island and at least 11 soldiers were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)

2002        Oct 12, Ray Conniff (85), band leader of "easy-listening" hits, died in Escondido, Ca.
    (WSJ, 10/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 12, It was reported that 164,000 Eritrean refugees had begun returning home from camps in Sudan. Some 60,000 had already returned since 2001.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Oct 12, In western India 4 people were killed as Hindus and Muslims clashed in the town of Solapur in continuing violence triggered after U.S. preacher Jerry Falwell called the Prophet Mohammad a terrorist.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 12, In Indonesia a car bomb ripped through the Sari Club at the Kuta Beach resort packed with foreign tourists on the island of Bali, sparking a blaze that killed 202 people and injured 300 others. It was the worst terrorist act in Indonesia's history. Authorities said a second bomb exploded near the island's U.S. consular office. An estimated 100 victims were from Australia. Imam Samudra was later charged with engineering the blast. In 2004 Samudra (34) published a jailhouse autobiography “Me Against the Terrorist," in which he called for fellow Muslim radicals to take the holy war to cyberspace. In 2005 Sally Neighbour authored “In the Shadow of Swords: How Islamic Terrorists Declared War on Australia."
    (AP, 10/13/02)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/04, p.W1)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.83)
2002        Oct 12, Kuwait's interior minister said that 15 Kuwaitis in police custody had confessed to a deadly attack on U.S. Marines, but that no firm link has been established between them and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 12, Seven Filipino soldiers died and 25 others were wounded in a fierce clash with Muslim rebels deep in the jungle of southern Sulu island.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 12, Dolma Tsering won the first Miss Tibet beauty pageant, an event its organizers said would reinforce Tibetan identity.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)  
2002        Oct 12, In Ukraine tens of thousands of protesters laid out their charges against President Leonid Kuchma at a "people's tribunal", and opposition lawmakers said prosecutors promised to review their complaints.
    (AP, 10/12/02)

2002        Oct 13, The Anaheim Angels routed the Minnesota Twins 13-5 to win the American League Championship Series in five games.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2002        Oct 13, In Lewiston, Maine, over 200 people marched in support of Somali immigrants. Over 1,000 Somalis had settled in the town over the last 18 months.
    (SFC, 10/14/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 13, In Iowa up to 11 bodies of suspected Mexican immigrants were found in a Union Pacific rail car. The car had left Matamoros, Mexico, in June, and had been parked in Oklahoma since mid-June.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A3)
2002        Oct 13, Horace Logan (86), producer of the Louisiana Hayride country music show (b.1948), died in New Orleans.
    (SFC, 10/14/02, p.A26)
2002        Oct 13, Stephen Ambrose (b.Jan 10, 1936), historian, died in New Orleans. His books included "D-Day June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II."
    (SFC, 10/14/02, p.A26)
2002        Oct 13, In eastern Congo fighting broke out in a strategic port when pro-government tribal fighters tried to wrest control of the town from rebels.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Greece opposition conservatives claimed victory in local elections, but appeared to fall short of gaining a powerful protest vote against the long-governing Socialists.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Israel about 140,000 public workers went on strike to protest government plans to tax contributions to pension funds.
    (AP, 10/13/02)
2002        Oct 13, Israeli troops backed by tanks and a helicopter entered the Rafah refugee camp hunting for tunnels used to smuggle weapons and drugs into the Gaza Strip. Two Palestinians were killed and 28 wounded.
    (AP, 10/13/02)
2002        Oct 13, A Palestinian militant, whose clan has been targeted previously by Israeli security forces, was killed when a public telephone exploded in his hand. He was one of six Palestinians to die in a day of violence.
    (AP, 10/13/02)
2002        Oct 13, Philippine troops pounded Muslim guerrilla positions with bombs and cannon fire, killing 20 rebels, as fighting raged for the second day in the country's troubled south.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Russia 10 people died of hypothermia in Moscow over the weekend, bringing the death toll for the current cold season to 32.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Serbia a moderate nationalist and a pro-Western pragmatist faced each other in the second round of presidential elections. Less than 50% of the electorate turned out rendering the results invalid.
    (AP, 10/13/02)(SFC, 10/14/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 13, In Somalia a boat that had carried 120 Somalis and Ethiopians from the village of Marear more than two weeks ago, landed with 50 survivors. The engine failed, leaving them drifting in the Gulf of Aden. At least 70 people who were headed to Persian Gulf states in search of jobs died.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Zimbabwe Sir Garfield Todd (93), the former prime minister of Southern Rhodesia (1953-1958), as Zimbabwe was once known, died after suffering a stroke.
    (AP, 10/13/02)

2002        Oct 14, The SF Giants won the National League Championship with a 2-1 victory over the St. Louis Cardinals.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 14, President Bush called recent attacks in Kuwait, Indonesia and Yemen part of a grim pattern of terror, and said, "We've got a long way to go" to defeat Osama bin Laden's global network.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2002        Oct 14, In New Mexico VP Cheney met with representatives of Bajagua, a start-up waste processing firm targeting waste water in Tijuana, Mexico. Waste from Tijuana flowed into San Diego County and its Tijuana River estuary. Bajagua spent $585,000 in lobbying efforts from 2001-2006. Estimates of costs to the US ranged from $580-780 million. A 1999 environmental impact statement called the Bajagua plan not feasible.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.A15)
2002        Oct 14, Linda Franklin (47) of Arlington, Va., was shot in the head and killed as she and her husband loaded packages into their car outside a Home Depot at the Seven Corners Shopping Center. She had worked as an analyst for the FBI.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/15/02)
2002        Oct 14, Britain suspended Northern Ireland's power-sharing government after a spying row threw the fledgling peace process into its worst political crisis since the Good Friday peace accord was signed in 1998.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 14, A Costa Rica investment operation called The Brothers Fund (Ofinter Foreign Exchange SA) collapsed and siblings Luis Enrique (63) and Osvaldo Villalobos (58) were held responsible.
    (WSJ, 12/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 14, Gen. Adel Labib, gov. of Qena Province in southern Egypt, ordered a ban on shisha (water pipe) smoking.
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.F7)
2002        Oct 14, Israeli troops killed 2 Islamic Jihad militants outside Jenin.
    (WSJ, 10/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 14, In Kenya Pres. Moi anointed Uhurru Kenyatta (41), the son of former 1st Pres. Jomo Kenyatta, as his successor. Tens of thousands gathered to protest his decision.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 14, In Serbia Pres. Kostunica protested that some 630,000 ghost voters inflated the number of voters.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A8)

2002        Oct 15, Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani will be paid $4.3 million plus expenses for a one-year contract to advise Mexico City's mayor on reducing crime.
    (AP, 10/15/02)
2002        Oct 15, ImClone Systems founder Sam Waksal pleaded guilty in New York in the biotech company's insider trading scandal.
    (AP, 10/15/03)
2002        Oct 15, Illinois opened hearings on 140 death row cases.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A3)
2002        Oct 15, The DJIA rose 378 to 8,255. Nasdaq rose 61.9 to 1,282.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.B1)
2002        Oct 15, It was reported that duct tape is effective in removing warts when worn over the wart for a number of days.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A2)
2002        Oct 15, A listeria outbreak blamed for at east 7 deaths in the northeast was traced to a Wampler Foods plant in Franconia, Pa.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A5)
2002        Oct 15, Allied planes bombed a military command facility in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 10/15/02)
2002        Oct 15, In Canada a man facing workplace discipline shot and killed two co-workers at a provincial office in Kamloops, British Columbia, before taking his own life.
    (Reuters, 10/16/02)
2002        Oct 15, Yaacov "Zeev" Farkas (b.1923), called the founder of the political cartoonist's art in Israel, died. He was born in Hungary and survived the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau.
    (AP, 10/16/02)(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A28)
2002        Oct 15, In Iraq Saddam Hussein won the presidential referendum for another 7-year term. He claimed a 100% victory the next day.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 15, In Italy a heavily armed man fatally shot his ex-wife and six other relatives and neighbors and then killed himself in Chieri, a suburb of Turin.
    (AP, 10/15/02)(SFC, 10/16/02, p.A16)
2002        Oct 15, In Jamaica 3 people were shot dead outside Kingston.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A17)
2002        Oct 15, In Japan 5 citizens snatched by North Korean agents in 1978, returned home for a visit.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 15, In northern Russia a Soyuz-U rocket carrying an EU research communications satellite exploded several seconds after liftoff from a launch pad, killing one soldier.
    (AP, 10/16/02)(WSJ, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 15, Sudan's government signed an agreement with rebels to suspend fighting during talks to end their 20-year-old war.
    (AP, 10/15/02)
2002        Oct 15, A judge opened a criminal case against embattled Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma, a day after U.S. and British experts began investigating allegations that he approved the sale of a radar system to Iraq.
    (AP, 10/15/02)

2002        Oct 16, President Bush signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2002        Oct 16, The US offered a compromise proposal at the UN that called for serious consequences if Iraq does not comply with weapons inspections.
    (SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 16, A Bush administration official reported that North Korea had told the United States it has a secret nuclear weapons program in violation of a 1994 agreement signed with the Clinton administration.
    (AP, 10/16/02)(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 16, In Baltimore Angela Dawson (36) burned to death with 4 of her children after a drug pusher, Darrell Brooks (21), set fire to her home. Carnell Dawson Sr. (43) died from his burns Oct 23.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/24/02, p.A6)
2002        Oct 16, In Colombia more than 1,000 police and soldiers backed by helicopter gunships stormed Comuna 13, a violence-plagued neighborhood in Medellin, exchanging heavy fire with leftist rebels. Authorities said at least nine people were killed, including a 16-year-old boy. In 2009 Diego Fernando Murillo, a Colombian warlord awaiting sentencing in New York City after pleading guilty to drug-trafficking charges, said former army chief Gen. Mario Montoya mounted the joint operation with his illegal, far-right militia.
    (AP, 10/16/02)(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A16)(www.colombiajournal.org/colombia137.htm)(AP, 3/3/09)
2002        Oct 16, Egypt inaugurated the new $230 million Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a modern version of the ancient library known for a freedom of thought and expression lacking in today's Middle East. It was funded mostly by Iraq, the UAR and Saudi Arabia. The planned capacity was 4 million books.
    (SFC, 5/30/02, p.D11)(AP, 10/16/02)
2002        Oct 16, Rebels controlling the northern half of Ivory Coast agreed to a truce with the government they attempted to overthrow.
    (AP, 10/16/02)
2002        Oct 16, In Jamaica Prime Minister P.J. Patterson's party became the country's first leader elected to three straight terms. Jamaicans turned out in large numbers to vote despite pelting rains and concerns of violence in an election they hoped would revive a sagging economy and ease spiraling crime.
    (AP, 10/17/02)
2002        Oct 16, The Dutch government collapsed amid infighting in the List party.
    (WSJ, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 16, Paraguay's vice president Julio Cesar Franco resigned after months of political feuding, to meet a deadline to run for the presidency.
    (AP, 10/16/02)

2002        Oct 17, Timothy Belden, former Enron executive, pleaded guilty to conspiracy and agreed to cooperate with federal prosecutors. Belden admitted to giving grid operators false information and shipping power from within California out of state and selling it back at higher prices.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 17, Ira Einhorn, the '70s hippie guru who had fled to Europe after being charged with murder, was convicted in Philadelphia of killing his girlfriend, Holly Maddux, and stuffing her corpse in his closet a quarter-century earlier. He was later sentenced to life without parole.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2002        Oct 17, Israeli tanks fired artillery shells and machine guns after coming under attack by anti-tank missiles, killing at least 6 Palestinians and wounding more than 40 in the southern Gaza town of Rafah.
    (AP, 10/17/02)(SFC, 10/18/02, p.A18)
2002        Oct 17, In the Philippines bombings in Zamboanga killed 7 people and injured 152. Militants of Abu Sayyaf were suspected.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A10)

2002        Oct 18, Brenda Sierra (15) was abducted on her way to high school in East Los Angeles. Her body was found the next day. On Feb 27, 2015, Rosemary Chavira (27), onetime friend of Sierra, was arrested and charged with murder.
    (Reuters, 3/4/15)
2002        Oct 18, The Vatican demanded that America's Roman Catholic bishops revise their hard-line crackdown policy on sexually abusive priests.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2002        Oct 18, Two US Navy planes, F/A-18F Super Hornet jets, collided off the Big Sur coast of California and 4 pilots were killed.
    (SFC, 10/19/02, p.A17)
2002        Oct 18, Space shuttle Atlantis returned to Earth following an 11-day mission to the int'l. space station.
    (SFC, 10/19/02, p.A16)
2002        Oct 18, A Chilean judge indicted six current and retired army officers, including two generals, in the 1993 slaying of a chemist with former dictator Augusto Pinochet's secret service.
    (AP, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 18, According to Greek scientists, the length of a man's index finger can accurately predict the length of his penis. The findings are published in the September issue of the journal Urology.
    (Reuters, 10/18/02)
2002        Oct 18, In Columbia FARC rebels shot and killed Luis Antonio Motta (42), the mayor, and two town councilmen of Campoalegre, after earlier telling them to resign or face execution.
    (AP, 10/20/02)
2002        Oct 18, India assumed direct control over Kashmir after elections failed to produce a viable government.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 18, Ivory Coast began a new cease-fire ending four weeks of fighting between government and rebel forces.   
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 18, Five trucks carrying looted Kuwaiti archives left the Iraqi capital, bound for Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/18/02)
2002        Oct 18, Pakistan matched India's pledge to demobilize along the border.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 18, In the Philippines a bomb ripped through a bus in Quezon City, a  Manila suburb, killing 2 people and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 10/18/02)(SFC, 10/19/02, p.A12)
2002        Oct 18, Valentin Tsvetkov (54), the governor of Russia's Far Eastern region of Magadan, was assassinated on a busy central Moscow street in what police said was a contract killing.
    (AP, 10/18/02)

2002        Oct 19, In York, Pa., former mayor Charlie Robertson was acquitted and two other men were convicted in the shotgun slaying of Lillie Belle Allen, a young black woman, during race riots that tore the city apart in 1969.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2002        Oct 19, In Ashland, Va., Jeffrey Hopper (37) was shot and seriously wounded in what appeared to be another sniper attack. The sniper left a note that included a request for $10 million and threats to focus on children.
    (SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/07)
2002        Oct 19, A rebel group in Congo said that it recaptured a strategic port in the eastern part of the country and took dozens of prisoners after heavy fighting.
    (AP, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 19, Greeks traveled to their hometowns for the second time in two weeks, to participate in runoff local elections seen as an important test for the long-governing Socialists.
    (AP, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 19, Indonesian police arrested Abu Bakar Bashir (Abubakar Baasyir), a militant Muslim cleric, in a terror probe hours after the government issued two emergency anti-terror decrees to strengthen its hand after the Bali car bomb carnage. Bashir was hospitalized Oct 18.
    (Reuters, 10/19/02)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A11)
2002        Oct 19, Irish residents endorsed the European Union's plans to expand eastward. 63 percent of voters in the referendum approved the expansion proposal, which will admit up to 12 new members and bring the EU's membership to almost 500 million.
    (AP, 10/21/02)
2002        Oct 19, In Indian Kashmir at least 4 suspected militants were shot dead while others detonated a bomb, killing a policeman and wounding 15 people.
    (Reuters, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 19, In Mexico Manuel Alvarez Bravo (100), a photographer whose remarkable 80-year portfolio contained everything from mystical portraits of a bygone era to the striking realism of murdered laborers, died.
    (AP, 10/20/02)
2002        Oct 19, In Russia a car bomb exploded at a packed McDonald's restaurant in Moscow, injuring at least seven people. A boy (17) died later from injuries.
    (AP, 10/19/02)(SFC, 10/21/02, p.A5)

2002        Oct 20, Yao Ming (22), a 7-foot-5 basketball player from China, arrived in Texas to join the Houston Rockets.
    (WSJ, 10/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 20, The Galaxy fishing ship, ported in Seattle, exploded and burned 750 miles SW of Alaska. 1 man was killed and 2 were missing.
    (WSJ, 10/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 20, In Ecuador at least five candidates had a shot at qualifying for a runoff spot in presidential elections. With 53 percent of the votes counted, Lucio Gutierrez (45) a dismissed army colonel, led with 19% of the vote. Banana magnate Alvaro Noboa (51) Ecuador's richest businessman, was close behind with 17.6%.
    (AP, 10/20/02)(AP, 10/21/02)
2002        Oct 20, In Iraq President Saddam Hussein issued an amnesty to all political prisoners and exiles to mark his perfect 100 percent uncontested election.
    (AP, 10/20/02)
2002        Oct 20, In Montenegro the pro-independence party of Pres. Milo Djukanovic won 39 of the 75 seats.
    (AP, 10/20/02)(SFC, 10/21/02, p.A5)
2002        Oct 20, In the Philippines a bomb exploded at an open-air Christian shrine in the southern city of Zamboanga, killing one marine and wounding 16 people.
    (Reuters, 10/20/02)
2002        Oct 20, Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, incumbent president of the Russian region of Kalmykia since 1993, led all vote-getters in a re-election bid. Ilyumzhinov, a millionaire and president of the international chess federation FIDE, led the field of 11 candidates with 47.6 percent of the vote. 
    (AP, 10/21/02)
2002        Oct 20, Sudan's government lifted a ban on relief flights to the southern Equatoria region after it signed a cease-fire with southern rebels.
    (AP, 10/20/02)

2002        Oct 21, Pres. Bush said he would try diplomacy "one more time," but did not think Saddam Hussein would disarm, even if doing so would allow him to remain in power.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2002        Oct 21, Scientists reported a new immunoassay for mad cow disease that takes about a year for results.
    (SFC, 10/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 21, It was reported that Prof. Vijay Pende of Stanford successfully led a program to use shared computing power to decipher protein folding in BBA5, a man-made chain of 23 amino acids.
    (SFC, 10/21/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 21, Hackers launched coordinated attacks on the 13 organizations principally responsible for managing the Internet’s domain naming system.
    (SSFC, 1/22/12, p.H1)
2002        Oct 21, APEC delegates, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, from Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, the United States and Vietnam began meetings at Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, to discuss terrorism and the world economy.
    (AP, 10/22/02)
2002        Oct 21, In Australia Xiang Huan Yun (36) opened fire at Monash University in Melbourne in, killing two people and seriously wounding 5 others. Yun was soon charged with two counts of murder and five counts of attempted murder.
    (AP, 10/21/02)(AP, 10/22/02)
2002        Oct 21, In Colombia Air Force planes bombed guerrillas on their way to attack a western town, killing 70 of them.
    (AP, 10/21/02)
2002        Oct 21, Millions of Cubans went to the polls to choose new municipal officials, the men and women charged with solving all manner of neighborhood problems, from lack of water to deteriorating buildings.
    (AP, 10/21/02) 
2002        Oct 21, A bus bombing near Hadera killed 14 Israelis, along with two attackers. Israel held off on immediate retaliation, but troops next day destroyed the homes of a suicide bomber and a suspected militant.
    (AP, 10/22/02)(SFC, 10/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 21, In Malawi police arrested Gwanda Chakuamba, the main opposition leader, accusing him of impersonating President Bakili Muluzi by signing the president's name to a controversial letter on statehouse stationery. The arrest came amid a government crackdown on opponents of a constitutional amendment that would allow Muluzi to run for a third term when his second five-year term expires in 2004. Chakuamba was released the same day.
    (AP, 10/21/02)(AP, 10/22/02)
2002        Oct 21, In Mexico officials said 25 people were arrested who had infiltrated the army, police and attorney general's office on behalf of drug kingpins.
    (SFC, 10/22/02, p.A11)
2002        Oct 21, In Venezuela thousands of stores closed and workers stayed home to demand that Hugo Chavez call early elections.
    (AP, 10/21/02)(SFC, 10/22/02, p.A11)
2002        Oct 21, A UN panel accused criminal groups linked to the armies of Rwanda, Uganda, Zimbabwe and Congo of plundering Congo's riches, and called on the United Nations to impose financial restrictions on 29 companies and 54 individuals.
    (AP, 10/21/02)

2002        Oct 22, The US added Jemaah Islamiyah of Indonesia to its list of terrorist organizations.
    (WSJ, 10/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 22, In Aspen Hill, Maryland, Conrad Everton Johnson (35), a bus driver, was shot in the chest and died during surgery. The shooting was suspected to be related to the serial sniper who already killed nine people this month. This was the 13th and final attack linked by authorities to the Washington-area sniper attacks.
    (AP, 10/22/02)(SFC, 10/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 22, It was reported that a gene was identified that related to attention-deficit disorders and that it was located in a region of the human genome identified with autism.
    (WSJ, 10/22/02, p.D3)
2002        Oct 22, Richards Helms (89), CIA director who was fired by Richard Nixon, died. In 2003 his autobiography "A Look Over My Shoulder," co-written with William Hood, was published.
    (WSJ, 10/24/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.D8)
2002        Oct 22, Allied planes bombed a military air defense site in the northern no-fly zone over Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 10/22/02)
2002        Oct 22, Geraldine of Albania (87), the wife of King Zog (d.1961), died in Tirana.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A17)
2002        Oct 22, Canadian writer Yann Martel won the Booker Prize for "Life of Pi," his quirky fable about a boy's survival after a shipwreck.
    (Reuters, 10/22/02)
2002        Oct 22, In Colombia a bomb exploded outside police headquarters in Bogota, killing two people and wounding nearly a dozen more.
    (AP, 10/22/02)
2002        Oct 22, The Colombian navy seized 2.75 tons of cocaine when officials intercepted a speedboat on the high seas.
    (AP, 10/22/02)
2002        Oct 22, A ferry carrying 51 people and a shipment of oil sank in rough weather in the Caspian Sea. One report said five onboard the ferry were rescued. The Mercury II freight and passenger ferry was making its way from the port of Aktau, Kazakhstan, heading southwest to the Azerbaijani capital Baku.
    (AP, 10/22/02)(WSJ, 10/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 22, It was reported that special forces in the Pankisi Gorge of Georgia had captured 15 Arab militants linked to al Qaeda.
    (SFC, 10/22/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 22, The Yugoslav government released a statement saying it had dismissed Jovan Cekovic, a former army general, and chief of Yugoimport following NATO evidence that it had engaged in exporting and refurbishing military equipment for Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/23/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 22, In Zimbabwe a top opposition lawmaker who was in jail on murder charges was found dead in his cell, prompting calls for an independent investigation and autopsy. Learnmore Jongwe (28) had been in custody since July, when he was arrested in the stabbing death of his wife.
    (AP, 10/22/02)

2002        Oct 23, Pres. Bush signed a $355.5 billion military budget, a $34 billion increase over fiscal 2002.
    (SFC, 10/24/02, p.A3)
2002        Oct 23, Pres. Bush signed the Russian Democracy Act of 2002, intended to strengthen civil society and independent media in Russia. It authorized more than $50 million for democracy-building programs such as investigative journalism training and cultural exchanges.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2002        Oct 23, Allied planes bombed two military air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq in the third round of strikes in a week.
    (AP, 10/23/02)
2002        Oct 23, Adolph Green (b.1914), lyricist, died. His work with Betty Comden included the screenplay for "Singin' in the Rain."
    (SFC, 10/25/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 23, Lady Antonia Fraser (96), the Countess of Longford, a historian who wrote biographies of Queen Victoria and the Duke of Wellington, died. She was born as Elizabeth Harman and wrote under the name Elizabeth Longford.
    (AP, 10/23/02)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A17)
2002        Oct 23, In China rescuers fought to save 29 miners trapped underground after a coal mine explosion in the northern province of Shanxi killed 21. China's death toll from mining accidents up to July this year was 3,620, up 4.8 percent from a year earlier.
    (AP, 10/25/02)(Reuters, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 23, In Moscow 40-50 Chechen separatist guerrillas seized a theater and threatened to shoot or blow up 700 hostages unless Russia pulled its troops out of their homeland. The next day they killed one woman.
    (AP, 10/24/02)(SFC, 10/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 23, The European Parliament's Conference of Presidents announced that it chose Oswaldo Paya of Cuba for the prestigious 2002 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.
    (AP, 10/24/02)
2002        Oct 23, The Nigerian government said it rejects a World Court ruling that granted possession of a disputed oil-rich peninsula to neighboring Cameroon.
    (AP, 10/23/02)
2002        Oct 23, Turkey's chief prosecutor moved to outlaw the Justice and Development Party for ignoring court order that Erdogan step down as leader. The moderate Islamic party, led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was also Turkey's most popular party.
    (SFC, 10/24/02, p.A11)(AP, 11/4/02)

2002        Oct 24, John Allen Muhammad (41), an Army veteran who recently converted to Islam, and John Lee Malvo (17) were arrested near Frederick, Maryland, in connection with the sniper shootings that left 10 dead and 3 wounded. In 2003 a judge ruled that Malvo could be tried as an adult. Muhammad began to argue his own defense on Oct 20. On Mar 9, 2004, John Allen Muhammad was sentenced to death. In 2006 Malvo was sentenced to life in prison for 6 murders in Maryland.
    (AP, 10/24/02)(SFC, 10/25/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A5)(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A7)(SFC, 3/10/04, p.A3)(SFC, 11/9/06, p.A3)
2002        Oct 24, Joseph Mabrey was found shot to death in his car in the 3200 block of Storer Ave. in Oakland, Ca. A gang called the Nut Cases killed 4 more people over the next 10 weeks. Gang members were arrested in January, 2003. In 2006 Demarcus Ralls (21) was convicted on 3 counts of 1st degree murder plus other charges. He was sentenced to 4 consecutive life terms in prison. 5 other gang members still awaited trial.
    (SFC, 2/6/06, p.A11)(SFC, 3/23/06, p.B2)(SFC, 7/29/06, p.B3)
2002        Oct 24, It was reported that over 8,000 backyard poultry had been killed in southern California to stop the spread of Exotic Newcastle disease. The deadly avian infection last surfaced in California the 1970s when some 12 million birds were destroyed. The number of chickens killed reached 100,000.
    (SFC, 10/24/02, p.G2)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A3)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A3)
2002        Oct 24, In Algeria attackers killed 21 members of the same family, including a three-month old baby, in a massacre that bore the hallmarks of Islamic extremists.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2002        Oct 24, In southern Australia a train and a school bus collided, killing six people.
    (AP, 10/24/02)
2002        Oct 24, Bahrain held its first legislative elections in nearly 30 years. Results showed a mix of secularist and Islamic candidates winning seats, with two women securing places in run-off polls.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2002        Oct 24, In Bangui, Central African Republic, rebels loyal to the deposed army chief of staff fought members of the presidential guard and Libyan troops for control of the airport.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 24, In Iraq officials told many foreign journalists to leave due to coverage of recent protests.
    (SFC, 10/25/02, p.A3)
2002        Oct 24, In Kenya would-be carjackers shot and killed Esterlin Abdi Arush (45), a Somali human rights activist, at the gate of the house where she was staying in Nairobi.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2002        Oct 24, Libya has decided to withdraw from the Arab League, Moammar Gadhafi's government announced.
    (AP, 10/24/02)
2002        Oct 24, Nigeria's parliament approved changes to an oil revenue-sharing law that gives state governments a share of revenues from offshore oil and gas production.
    (AP, 10/25/02)

2002        Oct 25, In Minnesota a small plane crash killed Sen. Paul Wellstone (58), his wife, daughter and 5 others. His re-election race was seen as critical to the balance of power in the Senate, where the Democrats held a 50-to-49 edge.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 25, Peggy Moran (84), film actress, died. She made over 30 horror films in the 1930s and 1940s.
    (SFC, 11/2/02, p.A22)
2002        Oct 25, In Utah 2 F-16 fighter jets collided during training and 1 pilot survived. The 2nd pilot's body was found Oct 26.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 10/27/02, p.A20)
2002        Oct 25, Richard Harris (72), Irish film actor, died in London. His work included appearances in over 80 films.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A2)(AP, 10/25/07)
2002        Oct 25, Australia's prime minister promised to give the world's 50 poorest countries better access to his nation's markets and called on other rich nations to do the same.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 25, In Brazil unknown gunmen shot and killed eight people in the state of Sao Paulo in two killings. In the first six months of 2002, the state's Public Security Bureau registered 6,159 homicides.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 25, Koki Ishii (61), a Japanese opposition lawmaker known for his aggressive probing into ruling party corruption scandals, was stabbed to death in what could be the nation's first political assassination in more than four decades. The Democratic Party politician was attacked in front of his home in central Tokyo by an unidentified man in his 50s who ran away.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2002        Oct 25, In Kenya Pres. Daniel arap Moi announced the end of his 24-year rule, dissolved parliament and kicked off the campaign for a new elections.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A6)
2002        Oct 25, Hurricane Kenna hit Mexico's Pacific coast and over 150 people were injured in the states of Jalisco, Nayarit and Sinaloa. 3 people were later reported killed. Damages were estimated in tens of millions.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A7)(SSFC, 10/27/02, p.A20)
2002        Oct 25, Russia pledged not to kill Chechen guerrillas holding some 600 hostages in a Moscow theater if they freed all their captives. Chechens released eight children and then set a dawn Saturday deadline to begin killing the rest of their captives if Russia does not agree to pull its army out of Chechnya.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2002        Oct 25, In Spain Jose Antonio Rodriguez Vega (44), a serial killer sentenced to 440 years in jail for raping and strangling 16 elderly widows, was murdered in prison. Two prisoners with makeshift knives attacked Vega in the courtyard of Topas jail in western Salamanca province.
    (AP, 10/25/02)

2002        Oct 26, President Bush launched urgent diplomatic talks to unite Japan, South Korea and other allies behind a strategy to deal with a nuclear-armed North Korea. He also sought support for possible war with Iraq as Pacific Rim leaders stung by terrorism gathered for their annual summit.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, Tens of thousands of anti-war protesters circled the White House after Jesse Jackson and other speakers denounced the Bush administration's Iraq policies.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2002        Oct 26, In eastern Oklahoma Daniel H. Fears, a teenager apparently angered by a neighbor, went on a shooting spree that left two people dead and at least seven injured.
    (AP, 10/27/02)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 26, Five civilians were killed by Colombian rebels near Bogota.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 26, In the Czech Republic the race for a third of the seats in the Czech Parliament's upper chamber had a record low turnout of 24 percent.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, In Kosovo voters in 30 municipalities elected 920 local councilors for U.N.-supervised assemblies that are slated to assume increased authority over the coming years.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, Pacific Rim prime ministers and presidents united to tackle the most urgent of missions, preventing the melting borders of a connected world from enabling terrorists to undermine the push toward prosperity.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, Russian special forces, using gas to knock out Chechen guerrillas, stormed a Moscow theater in a dawn raid that left dozens of hostages dead along with most of their rebel captors. Russian special forces killed 41 rebels, including leader Movsar Barayev, and freed more about 600 captives in the third day of a hostage drama. 129 captives were killed. All the dead hostages except for 1 were killed by the gas later suspected to be the anesthetic carfentanyl possibly mixed with halothane.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/02, p.A7)(AP, 10/26/03)
2002        Oct 26, In southeastern Turkey 3 teenagers were killed after they accidentally set off a mortar shell, where Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels battled for years.
    (AP, 10/26/02)

2002        Oct 27, The Anaheim Angels beat the SF Giants in the 7th game of the baseball World Series 4-1.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 27, Emmitt Smith broke the NFL career rushing yardage record held by the late Walter Payton.
    (AP, 10/27/03)
2002        Oct 27, The Australian government listed the militant Islamic network Jemaah Islamiyah as a terrorist group.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 27, In Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (57) won elections with 61% of the runoff vote. He reiterated that his administration would honor Brazil's $230 billion foreign debt, but said lending institutions and the international community "must know that we cannot have people suffering from hunger every day."
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2002        Oct 27, A fierce storm pummeled Europe with deadly gale-force winds, killing 34 people and leaving hundreds of thousands without electricity.
    (AP, 10/28/02)(WSJ, 10/29/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 27, In India separatist guerrillas in Assam state killed 22 villagers. Members of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland operated out of bases in Bhutan. The 10-year insurgency has left over 10,000 dead.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 27, Kashmir's new ruling coalition vowed to release political prisoners and probe custodial deaths as a first step to end a separatist revolt.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, A Kosovo mayor was killed with 2 guards by allies of a rival ethnic Albanian party.
    (WSJ, 10/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 27, Kurdish rebels clashed with Turkish soldiers in the mainly Kurdish southeast, leaving an insurgent dead and five soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up as Israeli soldiers were shooting him, killing three people and himself at a gas station just outside Ariel, one of the largest Jewish settlements in the West Bank. The 18 people injured included several soldiers. Hours later, Israeli troops shot and killed two armed Palestinian militants in the nearby Palestinian city of Nablus.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, Polish voters chose mayors directly for the first time since the end of communism in local elections seen as a tests of popularity for the year-old national government.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, In Sicily Mount Etna began spewing thick clouds of ash and magma.
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2002        Oct 27, Togo held parliamentary elections that were boycotted by major opposition parties but contested by 14 smaller groups.
    (AP, 10/27/02)

2002        Oct 28, In Arizona Robert Flores (41), a failing nursing student, shot and killed 3 professors and then himself at the College of Nursing in Tucson.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 28, Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov is prepared to hold unconditional talks with the Russian leadership to find a political solution to the bloody conflict in Chechnya, his envoy said.
    (Reuters, 10/28/02)
2002        Oct 28, It was reported that 200 farms in China tap 7,000 live, caged bears for their bile in an excruciating process. Owners slice into the bears to milk bile from their gall bladder with a tube. Bear bile is viewed as a panacea in traditional Chinese medicine. Many bears do not survive the initial operation and few live longer than 10 years, less than half the average life expectancy.
    (Reuters, 10/28/02)
2002        Oct 28, In Colombia a car bomb set in front of a school killed 2 police officers and wounded 11 others, just hours before President Alvaro Uribe visited Arauca.
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2002        Oct 28, In Jordan an assassin pumped eight shots into Laurence Foley (62), an employee of the US Agency for International Development, outside his home in the first known killing of a Western envoy in Amman. 2 suspects were arrested Dec 14. Abu Musab Zarqawi was suspected in the murder. In 2009 a military court convicted Al-Qaida militant Mohammed Ahmed Youssef al-Jaghbeer in a retrial for the murder of Foley and sentenced him to death.
    (AP, 10/28/02)(WSJ, 12/16/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/10/04, p.A8)(SFC, 7/14/09, p.A2)
2002        Oct 28, Russian President Vladimir Putin led a national day of mourning as relatives and friends grieved for the more than 100 captives who died in the siege at a Moscow theater.
    (AP, 10/28/07)
2002        Oct 28, Zimbabwe's ruling party won a sweeping victory in a parliamentary by-election. The opposition said that the vote was rigged and swayed by violence and intimidation.
    (AP, 10/29/02)

2002        Oct 29, The federal government filed charges against Washington sniper suspect John Allen Muhammad under a 1946 extortion law that could bring the death penalty, accusing him of a murderous plot to get $10 million.
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2002        Oct 29, In SF the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals said the federal government cannot punish California doctors who recommend marijuana use to their patients.
    (SFC, 10/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 29, A Minneapolis memorial service for the late Sen. Paul Wellstone turned into a virtual political rally as friends and relatives urged Minnesotans to honor his memory by putting a Democrat in his seat.
    (AP, 10/29/07)
2002        Oct 29, More than 200 illegal Haitian migrants jumped overboard and rushed onto a major Miami highway, bringing attention to the plight of a people desperate to escape the unending violence created by Haiti's politics and poverty.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2002        Oct 29, Chang-lin Tien (67), former UC Berkeley chancellor (1990-1997), died.
    (WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/31/02, p.A1)
2002        Andre de Toth (b.1913), film director, died. His films included the 3-D "House of Wax" (1953).
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.A28)
2002        Oct 29, Gul Rahman, suspected of links to al-Qaida, was picked up from a home in Islamabad and taken with four other people to a CIA black site called the Salt Pit near the Kabul Airport. He was stripped naked, doused in cold water and then left to die in the CIA-run prison. Rahman died Nov. 20, 2002, but his identity was not known until revealed by an Associated Press investigation in March 2010.
    (AP, 1/5/11)
2002        Oct 29, In Bermuda some 6,000 children stayed home from school as teachers continued to strike to demand salaries on par with government officials.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, In Brazil Pres.-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva promised to honor the foreign debt but also pledged that ending hunger would be his chief priority.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, China and the United States have agreed to resume military-to-military ties with plans to hold talks at senior level in the near future.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, In Colombia suspected rebels killed seven people, including a teenage girl, in scattered attacks over two days.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, The Palestinian parliament approved the new 19-member Cabinet of Yasser Arafat.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, A Russian helicopter was shot down in Chechnya by a missile, killing all three crew and one passenger aboard.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, In southwestern Somalia hundreds of rival militiamen armed with heavy weapons fought for control of a strategic border town, leaving 25 dead and 37 wounded.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, In Uruguay 4 ministers in President Jorge Batlle's Cabinet have resigned to protest his handling of the economy, escalating a crisis in his ruling coalition.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 29, In Vietnam at least 60 people were killed, including 22 linked to American International Assurance (AIA), when fire engulfed a commercial building in Ho Chi Minh City, state media and officials.
    (Reuters, 10/30/02)

2002        Oct 30, In Minnesota Walter Mondale took the ballot place of the late Sen. Wellstone. Mondale ended up losing to Republican Norm Coleman.
    (WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/30/03)
2002        Oct 30, DJ Jam Master Jay (Jason Mizell), a 37-year-old rap artist, was shot to death in a recording studio in Queens, NYC. The circumstances surrounding his death remained unanswered for years. In 2020 authorities charged Ronald Washington (56) and Karl Jordan Jr. (37) in connection with the murder.
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/20, p.A4)
2002        Oct 30, Allied warplanes bombed Iraqi defense systems in the northern no-fly zone over Iraq after being fired upon during routine patrols.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 30, In Belarus authorities reported the discovery of a mass grave on a military base at Slutsk with the remains of up to 12,000 people killed during World War II. Some 800,000 Jew of Belarus were killed by Nazis.
    (AP, 10/31/02)
2002        Oct 30, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, Suzanne von Richtofen (22) let her lover Daniel Cravinhos (21) and his brother, Christian (26) into her house, and checked to make sure her parents were sleeping. Then the brothers sneaked into the parents' bedroom and bludgeoned them to death with iron bars. In 2006 all 3 were tried for murder. Each was convicted and sentenced to 40 years in prison. Daniel Cravinhos said he beat Manfred and Marisa von Richtofen to death with an iron bar as they slept at home in a wealthy district of Sao Paulo because the couple's daughter, Suzanne von Richtofen, persuaded him to do it.
    (AP, 6/5/06)(AP, 7/17/06)(AP, 7/22/06)
2002        Oct 30, Freeview TV, jointly owned by the BBC, Crown Castle International and BSkyB, was launched in the UK as an alternative to PayTV.
2002        Oct 30, Danish police arrested Akhmed Zakayev (43), a top aide to Aslan Maskhadov, former Chechen president.
    (SFC, 10/31/02, p.A31)
2002        Oct 30, Senior Sinn Fein-IRA figure Martin McGuinness declared his war has ended in a documentary broadcast by the British Broadcasting Corp.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 30, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's broad-based coalition collapsed when Cabinet ministers from the moderate Labor Party resigned in a dispute over funding for Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2002        Oct 30, A Palestinian gunman killed two teenage girls and a woman in a Jewish settlement in the West Bank before being shot dead in a firefight with soldiers and residents.   
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 30, Russia launched a rocket carrying two cosmonauts and a Belgian astronaut to the international space station for an eight-day mission.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 30, A series of bomb blasts rocked the poor township of Soweto, SA, killing one person, ripping a hole in a mosque and damaging several railway stations and rail lines running into the nearby city of Johannesburg. The Boeremag (Afrikaner Power) was believed responsible.
    (AP, 10/30/02)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 30, Nine people, mostly Canadian or British tourists, were killed and at least 10 more injured when their bus crashed in South Africa, police said. 
    (Reuters, 10/30/02)

2002        Oct 31, The US enacted the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA) as a replacement for the similar Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA). It granted duty-free access to a wide range of exports from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
2002        Oct 31, Authorities charged the two Washington sniper suspects John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo with murder in a Louisiana attack that came just two days after a similar slaying in Alabama.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2002        Oct 31, The Securities and Exchange Commission ordered an investigation into allegations that Chairman Harvey Pitt had concealed information on the corporate ties of William Webster. Pitt and Webster both ended up resigning.
    (AP, 10/31/03)(AP, 10/31/07)
2002        Oct 31, In SF the Halloween party in the Castro district turned violent. 4 people were stabbed and 30 were arrested as police were pelted with bottles.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.B3)
2002        Oct 31, The Central African Republic claimed to have put down a coup attempt by rebels backing General Francois Bozize, an ousted army chief of staff.
    (AP, 11/1/02)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)
2002        Oct 31, Chechen rebels killed six Russian servicemen, a Chechen policeman and a local administrator, as Russian forces intensified searches for rebels in the wake of the Moscow theater siege.
    (AP, 11/1/02)
2002        Oct 31, In Greece Michalis Stasinopoulos (99), a legal scholar who challenged Greece's 1967-74 military dictatorship and served as president after it collapsed, died.
    (AP, 11/1/02)
2002        Oct 31, A strong earthquake rocked central and southern Italy, trapping about 50 children in a school in San Giuliano di Puglia after the building's roof collapsed. 27 children and a teacher were killed.
    (AP, 10/31/02)(AP, 11/1/07)
2002        Oct 31, Velupillai Prabhakaran, the reclusive leader of Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger guerrillas, was sentenced in absentia to 200 years' jail, as government and rebel officials began talks in Thailand to try to end 19 years of war.
    (Reuters, 10/31/02)

2002        Oct 31-2002 Nov 1, Inmates at San Quentin performed the verse drama "John Brown's Body" by Stephen Vincent Benet under the direction of Joseph De Francesca.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.D1)(EW)

2002        Oct, A memorandum, drafted by Sec. of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, circulated among the top members of the Bush administration with some 30 warnings that included: a possible failure of finding WMD in Iraq, stabilization and reconstruction in Iraq could take 8-10 years, Syria and Iran could help US enemies in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 4/8/08, p.D8)
2002        Oct, A US Army incinerator was scheduled to begin destroying chemical weapons stockpiled at the Anniston Army Depot in Ala. A global treaty called for complete destruction by 2004.
    (SFC, 9/15/02, p.A5)
2002        Oct, Turkey’s ISE stock index began to rise and increased 400% by February 2006.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.74)

2002        Nov 1, A US judge upheld the 2001 proposed settlement between Microsoft and the Dept. of Justice. US federal judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly approved a settlement between the Dept. of Justice and Microsoft that added some restrictions on the company, but fell short of a breakup and other tough measurements sought by the government.
    (SFC, 11/2/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 5/20/18, p.D1)
2002        Nov 1, West Coast dockworkers and shipping lines reached a tentative agreement on key issues.
    (SFC, 11/2/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 1, Scientists reported that 22-47% of Earth's plant species are in danger of becoming extinct due to human activity.
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.A4)
2002        Nov 1, In Bahrain Islamic and secular candidates won run-off votes for seats in the parliament, according to final results. 2 women lost in run-off races.
    (AP, 11/1/02)
2002        Nov 1, Queen Elizabeth II surprise revelation that she knew butler Paul Burrell had taken some of Princess Diana's possessions for safekeeping prompted prosecutors to drop theft charges against the servant.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2002        Nov 1, Israel Amir (99), the first commander of the Israeli air force (1948), died in a Tel Aviv hospital.
    (AP, 11/2/02)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.A22)
2002        Nov 1, Jakov Sirotkovic (80), a prominent economist and high-ranking member of the Communist party in the former Yugoslavia (head of the Cabinet in Croatia), died.
    (AP, 11/1/02)
2002        Nov 1, In Morocco a fire erupted at an overcrowded Sidi Moussa jail in coastal El Jadida, killing 50 inmates and injuring dozens of other people. Authorities blamed electrical short circuit for Morocco's worst prison fire.
    (AP, 11/1/02)(AP, 2/16/12)
2002        Nov 1, Russian lawmakers passed amendments that would sharply curb news coverage of anti-terrorist operations and prohibit the media from carrying rebel statements, a legislative step officials called increasingly urgent in light of last week's hostage crisis.
    (AP, 11/1/02)
2002        Nov 1, A Russian spacecraft carrying two cosmonauts and a Belgian astronaut docked with the international space station.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2002        Nov 1, In South Korea Kim Hong-up, the 2nd son of President Kim Dae-jung was sentenced to jail and fined on graft charges, closing one chapter in scandals that have marred the ageing democracy leader's final year in office.
    (AP, 11/1/02)

2002        Nov 2, Pres. Bush called Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein a "dangerous man" with links to terrorist networks, and said that UN inspections for weapons of mass destruction were critical.
    (AP, 11/2/03)
2002        Nov 2, Gay Games VI opened in Sydney, Australia, before some 40,000 spectators.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A13)
2002        Nov 2, In Burundi at least 15,000 people have fled their homes as fighting between the army and rebels escalated despite peace talks.
    (AP, 11/2/02)
2002        Nov 2, In the Czech Republic the opposition center-right Civic Democratic Party won 9 Senate seats in elections for 26 of 81 seats, costing the governing coalition its majority in Parliament's upper house in a result that could influence the choice of a successor to President Vaclav Havel.
    (AP, 11/3/02)
2002        Nov 2, In Indonesia a powerful earthquake struck near Sumatra island and killed at least two people, injured scores and left more than 5,000 people on a nearby island homeless.
    (Reuters, 11/3/02)
2002        Nov 2, In Kashmir Mufti Muhammad Sayeed, head of the People's Democratic Party, was sworn in as chief minister after 2 rifle grenades were thrown at his home. 16 people were killed in violence that followed.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 11/4/02, p.A1) 
2002        Nov 2, Kuwait closed the office of Al-Jazeera, the Arab world's most popular satellite TV network, claiming it was "not objective."
    (AP, 11/3/02)
2002        Nov 2, Rex Mwanawasa (43), the brother of Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa, was found dead in a hotel room in Pretoria.
    (AP, 11/3/02)

2002        Nov 3, Kit Armstrong (10), pianist and sophomore at a Utah college, performed before a sold out audience at Stanford's Dinkelspiel Auditorium.
    (SFC, 11/4/02, p.D1)
2002        Nov 3, The NYC marathon was won by Rodgers Rop of Kenya in 2:08:06; Joyce Chepchumba of Kenya won the women's title in 2:25:55.
    (WSJ, 11/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 3, A 7.9 earthquake hit Alaska 90 miles south of Fairbanks.
    (SFC, 11/4/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 3, Actor Jonathan Harris (87) died in Encino, California.
    (AP, 11/3/03)
2002        Nov 3, In Afghanistan Pres. Karzai fired over 15 provincial officials for abuse of authority, corruption and narcotics trafficking.
    (SFC, 11/4/02, p.A10)
2002        Nov 3, In Argentina Leonardo Bertulazzi (51) was arrested. He was believed to be head of logistics for the Red Brigades, which is blamed for the kidnapping and assassination of former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro in 1978.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2002        Nov 3, Lonnie Donegan (71), British musician, died. His hits included "Does Your Chewing Gum Lose its Flavor on the Bed Post Overnight" and "Rock Island Line" which inspired John Lennon and George Harrison.
    (SFC, 11/6/02, p.A34)
2002        Nov 3, Chechen rebels shot down a Russian military helicopter, killing nine servicemen, after Moscow said its forces had launched new military action to crush attempts by the guerrillas to stage "new acts of terror."
    (Reuters, 11/3/02)
2002        Nov 3, Dzhumber Lezhava returned to Tbilisi, Georgia, ending a nine-year trip around the world by bicycle.
    (AP, 11/3/02)
2002        Nov 3, In India police killed 2 members of Lashkar-i-Taiba during a gunbattle at a New Delhi shopping center.
    (SFC, 11/4/02, p.A7)
2002        Nov 3, A moderate earthquake jolted northern Pakistan, killing 17 people and injuring 30, many of them critically.
    (AP, 11/3/02)(Reuters, 11/4/02)
2002        Nov 3, Saudi Arabia said it would not permit bases on its soil in an attack against Iraq and would not grant flyover rights to US military planes even if the UN sanctions an invasion. Prince Saud later said a final decision had not been made.
    (SFC, 11/4/02, p.A3)(SFC, 11/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Nov 3, In Turkey the Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party (AK) won a parliamentary majority in elections (34.2%), the first time in 15 years that any party has been in a position to govern alone. The party pledged to wipe out corruption. It also pledged to maintain the nation's pro-Western stance, quickly moving to soothe worries that this crucial U.S. ally would undergo a radical shift toward Islam; Republican People's Party (social democrats): 19.4%; True Path Party (center-rightist): 9.5%; National Action Party (nationalists): 8.3%. About 90% of incumbent members of parliament lost.
    (AP, 11/4/02)(SFC, 11/4/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/15/02, p.J6)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.44)
2002        Nov 3, In northwest Yemen 6 al-Qaida suspects were killed when the car they were traveling in was struck by a missile from a US Predator drone. Qaed Salim Sinan al-Harithi, a suspected al-Qaida leader, was among the dead along with Kamal Derwish, a member of the Lackawanna, NY, sleeper cell. Militant Abdel-Raouf Naseeb escaped this attack, but was killed by a drone strike on Dec 24, 2012.
    (SFC, 11/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/6/02, p.A15)(SFC, 11/9/02, p.A3)(AP, 11/3/03)(AP, 12/24/12)

2002        Nov 4, President Bush barnstormed through four battleground states, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Texas, in a final appeal for Republicans in Congress; Democrats worked for a strong voter turnout to tilt key races their way.
    (AP, 11/4/03)
2002        Nov 4, In Minnesota Gov. Ventura named his aide, Independent Dean Barkley, to serve out the term of the late Sen. Wellstone.
    (SFC, 11/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 4, Eagle Scout Darrell Lambert (19) of Port Orchard, Wa., was told to leave the Boy Scout organization due to his atheist belief. "The Boy Scouts is a faith-based organization and the issue of God is not negotiable." He was given 1 week to declare belief in a higher power.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A5)(SFC, 11/5/02, p.A5)
2002        Nov 4, Jerry Sohl (88), science fiction author, died in Thousand Oaks, California. His books included "The Transcendent Man" and "The Altered Ego."
    (SFC, 11/11/02, p.A20)
2002        Nov 4, China signed a landmark agreement, “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," with ASEAN (Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam) on avoiding open conflict in the disputed South China Sea Spratly Islands. Indonesia objected and Taiwan was barred from signing.
    (Reuters, 11/4/02)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.40)(www.aseansec.org/13163.htm)
2002        Nov 4, Indonesian navy boats and civilian craft searched waters off the volatile eastern city of Ambon for survivors from a packed ferry that sank overnight, killing five people and leaving 73 missing.
    (Reuters, 11/4/02)
2002        cNov 4, An Ulster Catholic man was beaten and his hands were nailed to a fence post outside Belfast.
    (WSJ, 11/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 4, Two Palestinians, including a Hamas militant wanted by Israel, were killed when their car exploded in the middle of the street in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2002        Nov 4, Senegal Pres. Abdoulaye Wade dismissed his prime minister and the rest of the Cabinet in a shake up widely anticipated since the deadly capsizing of a state-run ferry.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2002        Nov 4, In South Korea 15,000 civil servants went on strike protesting against both the proposal to shorten the working week and a government ban on public sector unions.
    (Reuters, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 4, A party with Islamic roots won a landslide victory in Turkish elections.
    (AP, 11/4/03)

2002        Nov 5, Barbados-born author Austin Clarke won the 2002 Giller Prize, Canada's most lucrative and glamorous fiction award, for his novel, "The Polished Hoe".
    (Reuters, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 5, Randy Johnson won his record-tying 4th straight Nat'l. League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2002        Nov 5, Republicans seized control of the U.S. Congress, reclaiming power in the Senate and expanding their majority in the House of Representatives in a historic sweep for Republican President George W. Bush.
    (Reuters, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 5, San Francisco voters approved Measure F, legislation to create a civilian entertainment commission to oversee entertainment permits. This was previously handled by the police department. The Board of Supervisors had adopted the ordinance, authored by Sup Mark Leno, creating an Entertainment Commission. The 7-member Entertainment Commission will begin work in July 2003. SF voters approved a $1.6 billion bond measure to rebuild the Hetch Hetchy water system. Prop D, a city public power proposal, lost. Prop N, the Care Not Cash homeless reform measure of Sup. Gavin Newsom, passed. Prop O, Sup. Ammiano’s measure to limit Prop N, lost.
    (www.smartvoter.org/2002/11/05/ca/sf/meas/F/)(SFC, 11/7/02, p.A25)
2002        Nov 5, In Georgia Democratic Gov. Roy Barnes (b.1948) was voted out of office. He had been the main sponsor for legislation to make it easier to sack incompetent teachers.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, SR p.11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Barnes)
2002        Nov 5, Mitt Romney, a Mormon and Harvard graduate (business and law), was elected Republican governor of Massachusetts. He had made a fortune as a venture capitalist with investments in Domino’s and Staples.
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.44)(www.rga.org/governors/state.aspx?St=MA)
2002        Nov 5, Michigan voters elected Democrat Jennifer Granholm (43) as governor.
    (NW, 12/30/02, p.62)
2002        Nov 5, In Minnesota Tim Pawlenty, Republican, was elected governor. He captured 30 of the 38 counties that Gov. Ventura had won. Republican Norm Coleman defeated Walter Mondale for the US Senate.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, p.29)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.38)
2002        Nov 5, Chuck McGee, director of the New Hampshire Republican Party, jammed Democratic phone banks on election day as Rep. John Sununu beat Dem. Gov. Jeanne Shaheen. McGee pleaded guilty in 2004. In 2007 an appeals judge reversed McGee’s conviction.
    (SFC, 7/29/04, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/22/07, p.A1)
2002        Nov 5, Bill Richardson (b.1947) was elected governor of New Mexico. Over the next 4 years he brought some 60 film productions to the state, cut personal income tax rates by 40%, halved the capital gains tax and provided generous tax credits to job-creating businesses.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, p.26)(http://rulers.org/2002-11.html)
2002        Nov 5, Securities and Exchange Commission Chairman Harvey Pitt resigned under pressure after a series of political missteps that had embarrassed the White House.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2002        Nov 5, The ASEAN group (Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Brunei, Thailand and Myanmar) ended a 2-day conference in Cambodia that was also attended by representatives from China, Japan, and India and South Africa.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 5, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien suffered an embarrassing defeat when many disgruntled legislators from his Liberal Party voted with opposition members to strip him of the right to appoint the heads of parliamentary committees.
    (Reuters, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 5, China finished blocking the Yangtze River at the Three Gorges Dam, paving the way for the world's biggest hydroelectricity and flood control project to come on stream next year.
    (Reuters, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 5, Indonesian police arrested Amrozi bin Nurhasyim, the bomb maker of the Oct 12 attack on Bali. In 2003 he was convicted and sentenced to die by firing squad.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A6)(SFC, 8/8/03, p.A3)
2002        Nov 5, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon dissolved Parliament and called early elections for February, after he failed to rebuild his crumbling government. Ex-premier, Benjamin Netanyahu, announced that he accepts PM Ariel Sharon's offer to serve as foreign minister until early elections are held.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 5, Israeli soldiers came under fire and responded by killing a Palestinian and injuring 16 others in the southern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 5, In Latvia Einars Repse, a former head of the Central Bank who campaigned against corruption, was nominated to be the next PM.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 5, Montenegro's ruling party nominated president Milo Djukanovic to serve as the new prime minister. The presidential vote is set for Dec 22.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 5, In South Korea some 120,000 auto workers (KCTU) struck Hyundai and 165 other workplaces as unions escalated protests over working conditions ahead of December's presidential elections.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2002        Nov 5, In Switzerland representatives of over 40 countries along with industry representatives and advocacy groups passed a UN-backed certification plan to block the trade of illicit diamonds.
    (SFC, 11/6/02, p.A18)

2002        Nov 6, The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates .5% from 1.75 to 1.25. The Dow rose 92 to 8771 and Nasdaq rose 17 to 1418.99.
    (SFC, 11/7/02, p.A22)
2002        Nov 6, A new U.S. draft resolution on Iraq set off a final diplomatic push for tough new weapons inspections, backed by threats of force if Saddam Hussein continues to skirt his disarmament obligations.
    (AP, 11/7/02)
2002        Nov 6, Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman called for a state recount following his loss to GOP Rep. Bob Riley by 3,195 votes. Siegelman conceded Nov 18.
    (SFC, 11/9/02, p.A4)(WSJ, 11/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 6, A jury in Beverly Hills, Calif., convicted Winona Ryder of stealing $5,500 worth of high-fashion merchandise from Saks Fifth Avenue, but a prosecutor said she would not seek to put the actress behind bars.
    (AP, 11/6/03)
2002        Nov 6, Muslims across the world started fasting for the holy month of Ramadan.
    (Reuters, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 6, A bus carrying workers home for an Islamic holiday collided with a truck and overturned east of Cairo, killing 24 people and wounding 25 others.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 6, In Fiji a military panel convicted 15 elite army soldiers of mutiny for their roles in a deadly shootout at the country's main barracks two years ago.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 6, In France a fire broke out on an overnight express train, filling a sleeper car with smoke and killing 12 passengers. Five Americans were among the dead, including two children.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 6, In Iran University professor Hashem Aghajari, was sentenced to death on charges of insulting Islam's prophet and questioning the hard-line clergy's interpretation of Islam. He was also was sentenced to 74 lashes, banned from teaching for 10 years and exiled to three remote Iranian cities for 8 years. The death sentence was overturned in 2003 and reimposed May 3, 2004. The 2nd death sentence was again overturned. Aghajari was released on bail July 31, 2004.
    (AP, 11/7/02)(WSJ, 5/5/04, p.A1)(AP, 7/3/04)(SSFC, 8/1/04, p.A16)
2002        Nov 6, Benjamin Netanyahu was approved as Israel's foreign minister, bringing him into the Cabinet of the man he seeks to succeed, Ariel Sharon.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 6, In Luxembourg a twin-engine Fokker-50 plane crashed in fog as it approached Findel Airport, killing 17 people and seriously injuring five others.
    (AP, 11/6/02)(WSJ, 11/7/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 6, In Morocco King Mohammed VI said the call for a referendum in Western Sahara to determine whether the people want independence is "null" and "inapplicable," his first public dismissal of the plan first put forward in 1991.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 6, A Palestinian laborer opened fire in a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip where he worked, killing his employer and another Israeli before being shot dead.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 6, Muslim guerrillas strafed a southern Philippine village with automatic rifle fire, killing seven people in retaliation for an offensive by troops.
    (Reuters, 11/7/02)

2002        Nov 7, In his first news conference since the midterm elections, President Bush, charting an agenda for the new Republican Congress, said that homeland security came first and that an economic-recovery plan with new tax cuts would wait until the next year.
    (AP, 11/7/03)
2002        Nov 7, Dick Gephardt stepped down as House Democratic leader in the wake of his party's election losses.
    (AP, 11/7/03)
2002        Nov 7, The US FDA approved a 20 minute easy to use AIDS test manufactured by OraSure.
    (SFC, 11/7/02, p.A4)
2002        Nov 7, In Concordia, Colombia, some 500 men and women sacked the buildings of the local government offices, political offices, and state phone operations in response to the murder of mayoral candidate Eugenio Escalante (47) by the AUC.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A12)
2002        Nov 7, Rudolf Augstein (79), who founded the U.S.-style Der Spiegel newsweekly in the ruins of postwar Germany and turned it into the country's most respected magazine, died of pneumonia.
    (AP, 11/7/02)
2002        Nov 7, Nearly 99 percent of voters on Gibraltar rejected the idea of Britain sharing its colony with Spain in a stinging rebuff to any plans for joint sovereignty.
    (AP, 11/8/02)
2002        Nov 7, In Indonesia a light plane crashed on an islet off Borneo 3 minutes after it took off, killing seven of the 10 people aboard.
    (Reuters, 11/7/02)
2002        Nov 7, Latvia's parliament gave its approval to a new government headed by former Central Bank president Einars Repse, who vowed to stop corruption in the ex-Soviet Baltic republic.
    (AP, 11/7/02)
2002        Nov 7, Amnesty International and other rights groups charged that slavery by north African Arabs and Berbers and others persists in the West African nation of Mauritania, two decades after its official abolition.
    (AP, 11/7/02)

2002        Nov 8, Pres. Bush said the new UN Resolution 1441 presented the Iraqi regime "with a final test."
    (AP, 11/8/03)
2002        Nov 8, The California State Medical Board moved to suspend the licenses of Dr. Chae Hyun Moon and Dr. Fidel Realyvasquez of Redding Medical Center for performing needless heart surgeries from 1992-2002. In 2003 Tenet Healthcare, owner of RMC, paid $54 million to settle federal charges related to the allegations. In 2004 Tenet agreed to pay an additional $395 million to settle cases with over 769 heart patients. In 2007 Stephen Klaidman authored “Coronary: A True Story of Medicine Gone Awry."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A18)(SFC, 12/22/04, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.E1)
2002        Nov 8, China's President Jiang Zemin opened the Communist Party to businessmen to preserve its grip on power as he kicked off a congress at which his generation of leaders is due to retire.
    (Reuters, 11/8/02)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.9)
2002        Nov 8, Nigeria's Supreme Court scrapped limits on the number of political parties, opening the way for dozens of groups hoping to battle President Olusegun Obasanjo's ruling party in 2003 elections.
    (AP, 11/9/02)
2002        Nov 8, The UN Security Council unanimously approved a tough new Iraq resolution, aimed at forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences." Iraq has until Nov. 15 to accept its terms and pledge to comply. Iraq has until Dec. 8 to provide weapons inspectors and the Security Council with a complete declaration of all aspects of its chemical, biological and nuclear programs. Weapons inspectors have until Dec. 23 to resume their work in Iraq. Weapons inspectors are to report to the Security Council 60 days after the start of their work. If inspectors resume their work on Dec. 23, the latest they would be able to report to the council would be Feb. 21, 2003.
    (AP, 11/8/02)

2002        Nov 9, President Bush said in his radio address that Saddam Hussein faced a final test to surrender weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2002        Nov 9, Allan Chu (17) of Saratoga, Ca., won top honors in a Siemens Westinghouse competition for his work on a new algorithm to compress Internet data.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A17)
2002        Nov 9, In London Rabah Chehaj-Bias (21), Karim Kadouri (33) Rabah Kadre (35) were arrested and charged under the Terrorism Act with possessing materials for the "preparation, instigation or commission" of terrorism.
    (AP, 11/18/02)
2002        Nov 9, In Colombia a teenager (17) hurled a grenade at a bar in Medellin, killing two people and injuring 18 others.
    (AP, 11/10/02)
2002        Nov 9, Iyad Sawalha, a senior member of the militant Islamic Jihad group, was killed in an overnight army operation in the West Bank.
    (AP, 11/9/02)
2002        Nov 9, Some 450,000 marched through Florence in a protest against globalization and U.S. policy in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/10/02)
2002        Nov 9, A dry winter and a wet summer ravaged Italy's grapevines, causing the worst harvest in half a century.  Some regions were spared the disasters, like the area in Tuscany where Chianti is produced and parts of southern Italy.
    (AP, 11/9/02)
2002        Nov 9, Singapore opposition leader Chee Soon Juan was released from prison after serving 5 weeks for trying to hold a May Day rally without a permit at the entrance to the grounds of the President's official residence.
    (Reuters, 11/9/02)

2002        Nov 10, Bush administration officials promised "zero-tolerance" if Saddam Hussein refused to comply with international calls to disarm.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2002        Nov 10, U.S. warplanes flying from an aircraft carrier in the Gulf struck missile sites in southern Iraq in response to hostile acts.
    (AP, 11/11/02)
2002        Nov 10, A series of pulverizing storms barreled through more than a half-dozen US states including Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi and Pennsylvania, killing at least 36 people. More than 100 were injured.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A4)(AP, 11/10/07)
2002        Nov 10, In Jordan police clashed with a gang of alleged smugglers led by a Muslim extremist who escaped from custody 10 days ago, and several people were killed.
    (AP, 11/10/02)
2002        Nov 10, A car carrying two Palestinians exploded as Israeli police moved to stop the vehicle near Israel's border with the West Bank.
    (AP, 11/10/02)
2002        Nov 10, A Palestinian gunman crawled under a security fence at the Kibbutz Metzer communal farm, burst into a home and shot dead a mother and her two children as she was reading them a bedtime story. The gunman then killed two more Israelis before escaping in the dark.
    (AP, 11/11/02)
2002        Nov 10, In Slovenia PM Janez Drnovsek, who has pushed to align the tiny alpine nation closer with Western Europe, finished 1st in presidential elections but will have to face a runoff.
    (AP, 11/11/02)

2002        Nov 11, Bill Gates of Microsoft pledged $100 million to fight AIDS in India.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A11)
2002        Nov 11, A two-seat crop sprayer crammed with eight members of a Cuban family, including a baby, landed at the Key West airport in an apparent bid for asylum by those aboard.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 11, In Afghanistan police shot and killed at least 2 students during protests over poor housing conditions at a dormitory in Kabul.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A11)(SFC, 11/12/02, p.A16)
2002        Nov 11, In the CAR a baggage-laden roof of an overloaded river taxi near Kouango collapsed on passengers, crushing 58 people.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 11, Jorge Enrique Jimenez, one of Latin America's leading bishops, was kidnapped along with Rev. Desiderio Orejuela as they went to hold a religious service in central Colombia.
    (AP, 11/11/02)
2002        Nov 11, Colombian soldiers killed 4 members of a right-wing paramilitary group and seven leftist rebels during fighting in separate incidents.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 11, Pres. Joseph Kabila has suspended every official accused in a U.N. report on the plunder of Congo's gold, diamond and other riches.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 11, Iraqi lawmakers denounced a new UN resolution on weapons inspections as dishonest, provocative and worthy of rejection. But the Iraqi parliament said it ultimately would trust whatever President Saddam Hussein decided.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2002        Nov 11, Islamic militants in Kashmir killed 13 police in a bomb attack.
    (WSJ, 11/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 11, Nepal security forces killed at least 10 rebels as guerrillas called for a 30day strike.
    (WSJ, 11/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 11, In the Philippines a Fokker passenger plane, trailing smoke from its left engine, plunged into Manila Bay shortly after taking off from Manila, with 18 of the 34 people aboard killed or missing and presumed dead.
    (AP, 11/11/02)
2002        Nov 11, Russian troops ambushed Chechen rebels near Grozhny and 6 guerrillas were reported killed. [see Apr 29, 2004]
    (WSJ, 11/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 11, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan presented Greek and Turkish Cypriots with a plan to unite their divided island into a single country modeled on Switzerland, with two equal states.
    (AP, 11/11/02)
2002        Nov 11, Border police in Zimbabwe shot and killed  Richard Gilman (58), a Connecticut man who was on a humanitarian mission in Africa.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 11, Zimbabwean journalist and publisher Mark Chavunduka (37), whose arrest and subsequent torture helped expose his government's increasing repression of dissent, died after a prolonged illness.
    (AP, 11/13/02)

2002        Nov 12, Former FBI Director William Webster resigned under pressure as head of a special accounting oversight board created by Congress to rebuild public confidence shaken by a cascade of business scandals.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2002        Nov 12, An Arab TV station broadcast an audiotape of Osama bin Laden, a voice that US counter terrorism officials said is probably authentic. The message praised terrorist strikes in Bali and Moscow and threatened Western nations over any attack on Iraq.
    (AP, 11/13/02)(AP, 11/12/07)
2002        Nov 12, China's Communist Party congress held a preliminary vote for a new crop of leaders expected to replace President Jiang Zemin and other party chieftains this week.
    (Reuters, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 12, In Egypt a court sentenced Mohammed el-Wakil, the news director of a state-owned television station, to 18 years of hard labor in prison on bribery and drug charges.
    (AP, 11/13/02)
2002        Nov 12, An explosion at a private ammunition warehouse in an eastern German town killed at least three people.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 12, Thousands of Iranian students ignored official warnings and demonstrated for the fourth day running against a dissident's death sentence and to demand freedom of speech and political reform.
    (Reuters, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 12, The Nigerian navy raided a village in the swamps of the Niger Delta killing five people after attackers from the village robbed a ChevronTexaco oil boat.
    (AP, 11/14/02)
2002        Nov 12, Clashes between Venezuelan troops and supporters of President Hugo Chavez killed one person, wounded 20 and prompted an appeal for peace from the head of the Organization of American States.
    (AP, 11/13/02)

2002        Nov 13, U.S. Roman Catholic bishops overwhelmingly approved a compromise sex abuse policy after the Vatican demanded they make changes to balance fairness to priests with compassion for victims.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2002        Nov 13, Irv Rubin (57), Jewish Defense League leader, died nine days after what federal authorities said was a suicide attempt in jail.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2002        Nov 13, Some 200 people were feared dead after 19 boats disappeared in a storm off Bangladesh.
    (WSJ, 11/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 13, Delegates to China's Communist Party Congress confirmed that Jiang Zemin would step down as party chief and make way for a new generation of leaders this week.
    (AP, 11/13/02)
2002        Nov 13, Claiming Iraq was seeking the "path of peace," Saddam Hussein's government agreed to the return of international weapons inspectors.
    (AP, 11/13/07)
2002        Nov 13, Philippine Muslim gunmen linked to the al Qaeda network have demanded a ransom of 16 million pesos ($300,000) for their seven Indonesian and Filipino hostages kidnapped in June and August.
    (AP, 11/13/02)
2002        Nov 13, The Bahamian-registered Prestige, with 85,000 tons of oil, sprang a leak during a storm off the coast of Spain. Some 3,300 tons leaked and began reaching the coast of Spain after a few days.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 13, Rebels in northern Uganda attacked three villages, hacking and clubbing nine people to death.
    (AP, 11/15/02)
2002        Nov 13, A U.N. body voted to restrict the international trade of bigleaf mahogany, sea horses and 26 species of sea turtles, but failed to pass legislation to protect two species of threatened sharks.
    (AP, 11/14/02)

2002        Nov 14, Nancy Pelosi became the 1st woman to lead a party in the US Congress after Democrats voted 177-29 in support of the liberal from SF. Robert Menendez of New Jersey was elected as caucus chairman, the highest post ever held by an Hispanic.
    (SFC, 11/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 14, The New England Journal of Medicine reported a study that found C-reactive protein (CRP) to be a major trigger of heart attacks.
    (SFC, 11/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 14, Pakistani Aimal Khan Kasi (Kansi) was put to death by injection at a prison in Jarratt, Va., for the slayings of two CIA employees in 1993. [see Nov 14, 1997]
    (AP, 11/14/03)(Econ, 3/10/07, TQ p.29)
2002        Nov 14, Eddie Bracken (87), actor-comedian died in Montclair, N.J.
    (AP, 11/14/03)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0102787/)
2002        Nov 14, Argentina will not fully meet an $809 million World Bank debt payment deadline, resulting in a multilateral debt default that will likely cut off one of its last avenues to aid.
    (Reuters, 11/14/02)
2002        Nov 14, Australia added four more Islamic groups to its list of banned "terrorist" organizations and said that anyone linked to the groups and living in Australia would be targeted by police and security forces.
    (Reuters, 11/14/02)
2002        Nov 14, In Sydney, Australia, some 1,000 protesters demonstrated against globalization and a possible war with Iraq, and blocked downtown intersections in defiance of a ban on mass street gatherings imposed for a two-day mini-summit of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
    (AP, 11/13/02)
2002        Nov 14, The British government hardened its position against fire fighters who walked off their jobs and left the country to rely on soldiers answering alarms in antiquated military trucks. Three elderly people died in house fires on the first night of the strike.
    (AP, 11/14/02)
2002        Nov 14, Chinese Communist Party chief Jiang Zemin ushered in a new generation of leaders under Hu Jintao in the first orderly succession since the party took power in 1949.
    (Reuters, 11/14/02) 
2002        Nov 14, Israeli troops captured the alleged mastermind of a shooting attack on an Israeli kibbutz in his West Bank hideout, and seized suspected weapons makers in the deepest raid into Gaza City in two years.
    (AP, 11/14/02)
2002        Nov 14, In Panevezys, Lithuania, LNK TV sponsored a Miss Captivity Pageant with 8 finalists from the local women's prison. Kristina (21) won $1,150 in the contest that was broadcast nationally the next day.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.K10)
2002        Nov 14, In Nepal thousands of Maoist rebels stormed two remote towns, fighting pitched battles with security forces in which at least 118 people were killed.
    (Reuters, 11/15/02)
2002        Nov 14, Diplomats from the United States, European Union, South Korea and Japan decided to cut off the shipments of oil to North Korea in response to its violation of a 1994 nuclear agreement.
    (Reuters, 11/15/02)
2002        Nov 14, In Singapore the 7th Asian Congress of Sexology opened.
    (Reuters, 11/14/02)
2002        Nov 14, Pope John Paul II made a historic speech to Italy's parliament, urging Italians to work for world peace, uphold their Christian values and have more babies.
    (AP, 11/14/03)

2002        Nov 15, The FBI warned that al-Qaida may be planning a "spectacular" terrorist attack intended to damage the U.S. economy and inflict large-scale casualties.
    (AP, 11/15/02)
2002        Nov 15, US aircraft exchanged fire with Iraqi ground forces near An Najaf, about 85 miles south of Baghdad.
    (SFC, 11/16/02, p.A6)
2002        Nov 15, Hu Jintao replaced Jiang Zemin as China's Communist Party leader.
    (AP, 11/15/03)
2002        Nov 15, In Colombia Bishop Jorge Enrique Jimenez and Rev. Desiderio Orjuela were freed by army troops in a gunbattle that left one rebel captor dead and 2 captured.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 15, Latin American leaders gathered in Bavaro, Dominican Republic, for the 12th annual Ibero-American Summit to discuss ways to ease poverty, fight drug trafficking and heal internal strife.
    (AP, 11/15/02)
2002        Nov 15, Palestinian militants raked Israeli troops and settlers with gunfire in an ambush, killing 12 Israelis in Hebron.
    (AP, 11/15/03)

2002        Nov 16, A high-ranking Russian officer was killed and a top Chechen official abducted at gunpoint in new fighting in the southern Russian republic.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16,  Hussein Bicar (89), Egypt's well-known portrait artist and painter, died.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, In an open letter to the Iraqi Parliament, Pres. Saddam Hussein said he had no choice but to accept a tough new UN weapons inspection resolution because the US and Israel had shown their "claws and teeth" and declared unilateral war on the Iraqi people.
    (AP, 11/16/03)
2002        Nov 16, Israeli troops retook control of Hebron blindfolding Palestinian suspects and herding them into army buses, after militant gunmen ambushed a procession of Jewish worshippers, killing 12 Israelis, mostly security forces.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16, In Italy thousands of anti-globalization demonstrators marched in Rome, Florence and Naples to protest the arrests of 20 people, including a leader of the movement, on charges stemming from violent protests last year.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16, Kyrgyzstan police detained more than 200 activists who traveled to the Kyrgyz capital, Bishkek, for an anti-government assembly calling on Pres. Askar Akayev to resign. They were all released by the next day.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, In Mexico unidentified assailants killed a family of five, including two children aged 8 and 14 and two of the family's servants, by slitting their throats or shooting them.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, Abdullah Gul, a moderate politician from a party with Islamic roots, was chosen to be Turkey's next prime minister, but he was widely regarded as a stand-in for the party's real leader, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16, Ukraine Pres. Leonid Kuchma fired the government of Prime Minister Anatoly Kinakh and nominated Victor Yanukovych, governor of the Danetsk coal region, as PM.
    (AP, 11/16/02)(SSFC, 11/17/02, p.A19)
2002        Nov 16, In Venezuela Pres. Hugo Chavez ordered the federal takeover of the Caracas police force, sending soldiers and armored vehicles to stations throughout the capital. His opponents vowed to block the move and mounted street protests.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, Zimbabwe's government froze prices on a range of products from tractors to diapers, moving to ease an economic crisis that has been worsened by continuing political violence.
    (AP, 11/16/02)

2002        Nov 17, In Ankoro, Congo, government troops torched homes and shot residents in apparent reprisals for the beating of a soldier. Estimates of the death toll ranged from 29 to over 100.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 17, Indonesian police investigating the Bali blasts identified Imam Samudra as a key suspect as the chief planner of the attacks and said he learned bomb-making in Afghanistan. Samudra was the field co-coordinator who decided where to place the bombs in a crowded night club district. A colleague, named Dulmatin, then triggered the bombs by mobile phone.
    (Reuters, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 17, Tawfiq Fukra (23), an Israeli Arab accused of trying to hijack an El Al Airlines flight, wanted to copy the September 11 suicide attacks on the United States and fly the aircraft into a public building in Tel Aviv.
    (Reuters, 11/18/02)
2002        Nov 17, Israeli statesman Abba Eban (87) died. He helped persuade the world to approve creation of the Jewish state and dominated Israeli diplomacy for decades.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 17, An Italian court reversed an acquittal and sentenced former Premier Giulio Andreotti (83) to 24 years in prison for complicity in the 1979 slaying of a muckraking journalist.
    (AP, 11/18/02)
2002        Nov 17, In Jamaica gunmen opened fire outside a busy street market in a rare daylight attack in Kingston, killing five people and injuring three.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 17, Leaders from Latin America, Spain and Portugal closed their summit with new pledges of support for struggling coffee-growing countries.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 17, Voters in Peru backed opposition candidates in first-ever regional elections intended to shift power from the capital to the provinces.
    (AP, 11/18/02)
2002        Nov 17, In the Mbeya region of southwestern Tanzania at least 19 prisoners died from suffocation in an overcrowded jail cell.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2002        Nov 17, Ukraine Pres. Leonid Kuchma went to China seeking support for his request that U.N. inspectors verify that his government did not transfer radar systems to Iraq.
    (AP, 11/17/02)

2002        Nov 18, A US federal review court expanded the government's power to use wiretaps and searches to prosecute suspected terrorists and spies.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 18, James Coburn (74), film actor, died. His films included "Our Man Flint" and "The Magnificent Seven."
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 18, It was reported that Dubai was constructing the $5.5 billion Palm Island resort project, scheduled for completion in 2006. The $4.9 billion Dubailand tourist city included 45 theme parks, sports centers and discovery zones.
    (WSJ, 11/18/02, p.A1)(Econ, 12/6/03, p.42)
2002        Nov 18, The Greek Cypriot government said it accepted "as a basis for negotiations" a U.N. plan for the reunification of the divided eastern Mediterranean island.
    (AP, 11/18/02)
2002        Nov 18, In India a rebel land mine killed at least 20 people in a bus in Andhra Pradesh state. The leftist People's War Group was blamed.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A10)
2002        Nov 18, UN inspectors returned to Iraq after a 4-year hiatus to resume the search for weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 11/18/03)
2002        Nov 18, Zimbabwe banned citizens from swearing or making offensive gestures during the passage of Pres. Mugabe's motorcades.
    (WSJ, 11/19/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 19, It was reported that Ruth Lilly (87), great-grandchild of pharmaceutical magnate Eli Lilly, had given Poetry Magazine, founded in Chicago in 1912, a $100 million endowment.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A3)
2002        Nov 19, The US Senate voted 90-9 to create a Homeland Security Department.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2002        Nov 19, The US Dept. of Energy awarded IBM a contract to develop a 100 teraflop computer (ASCI Purple), the estimated speed of the human brain. This followed the recent development of a Japanese NEC computer that was clocked at 36.5 teraflops, trillions of floating point operations a second, more than 4 times the fastest US computer. Completion was expected in 2004.
    (WSJ, 11/19/02, p.B1)
2002        Nov 19, It was reported that the Holland America cruise ship Amsterdam was in its 4th week of battling the Norwalk gastrointestinal virus.
    (WSJ, 11/19/02, p.B1)
2002        Nov 19, It was reported that Ken Thomson, billionaire media baron and Canada's richest man, will donate his C$300 million ($190 million) art collection to the Art Gallery of Ontario.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2002        Nov 19, In Red Bluff, Ca., police officer David Mobilio (31) was shot to death at a gas station. On Nov 25 Andrew Hampton McCrae (23), an ex-soldier and drifter, posted a message on the Internet admitting the murder. On Nov 26 McCrae was arrested in Concord, NH.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 19, Singer Michael Jackson made an appearance outside his Berlin hotel and briefly held his youngest child, Prince Michael II, over a fourth-floor balcony in front of dozens of fans waiting below.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2002        Nov 19, UN weapons inspectors wrapped up a two-day visit to Iraq.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2002        Nov 19, Italian newspapers reported that the 'ndrangheta, the Calabrian version of the Sicilian Mafia, received 3 percent of the multimillion dollar contracts for work on stretches of the highway that passed through their "territory."
    (AP, 11/20/02)
2002        Nov 19, Vito Ciancimino (b.1924), former mayor of Palermo and leading Mafioso tied to the Corleonese clan, died while under house arrest. In 2006 Francesco Zummo faced charges of laundering money to Monaco on behalf of Ciancimino.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.70)(www.centroimpastato.it/php/crono.php3?month=11&year=2002)
2002        Nov 19, In Mozambique Manuel dos Santos Fernandes told Judge Augusto Paulino that he and two of his fellow accused had killed top investigative journalist Carlos Cardoso in return for a promise of $20,000 from President Joaquim Chissano's son Nhimpine.
    (AP, 11/20/02)
2002        Nov 19, Five Palestinians died when Israeli soldiers swept through the West Bank town of Tulkarem, one a leading militant and another a teenager who had climbed on top of an Israeli armored vehicle.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2002        Nov 19, The Prestige oil tanker, carrying 20 million gallons of fuel oil, broke in two and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Spain. It leaked up to 1.02 million gallons of oil and threatened a spill nearly twice as big as the Exxon Valdez in 1989. Leakage continued at some 33,000 gallons per day and could drain until 2006. Spain later put the estimated cost of the Prestige oil tanker spill at least $1.05 billion. In 2013 a judge acquitted crew members and a top maritime official of causing the massive oil spill. The Greek captain (78) of the Prestige was sentenced to nine months in prison for resisting attempts to tow the wreck away from shore before it spilled its load.
    (AP, 11/19/02)(WSJ, 12/11/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/15/03)(AP, 11/13/13)

2002        Nov 20, On the eve of a NATO summit in the Czech Republic, President Bush, recalling Europe's grim history of "excusing aggression," challenged skeptical allies to stand firm against Saddam Hussein.
    (WSJ, 11/20/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/03)
2002        Nov 20, Louisiana began offering a $4-a-tail bounty on the swamp-dwelling nutria rodent, due to wetlands damage from devoured plants.
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 20, Thomas Mohaghan (65), founder of Domino's Pizza, pledged at least $220 million to build the Catholic Ave Maria Univ. near Naples, Fla.
    (SFC, 11/21/02, p.A7)
2002        Nov 20, A German doctor conducted Britain's first public autopsy in more than 170 years, an event denounced by the British Medical Association's Head of Ethics as "degrading and disrespectful."
    (AP, 11/20/03)
2002        Nov 20, Francoise Ducros, aide to PM Chretien of Canada, called Pres. Bush a moron during a private conversation in Prague. She resigned Nov 26.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/02)
2002        Nov 20, In Riobamba, Ecuador, a series of explosions at an ammunition depot left at least 7 people dead and 140 injured.
    (WSJ, 11/21/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/22/02)
2002        Nov 20, The EU, except for Portugal, banned Belarus Pres. Lukashenko and top aides to protest human rights abuses under his rule.
    (WSJ, 11/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 20, Israel's Labor Party chose Amram Mitzna, ex-general and Haifa mayor, as its leader in the Jan 28 elections.
    (WSJ, 11/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 20, Israeli troops shot and killed Amr Qudsi (15), a Palestinian teenager in a confrontation in Tulkarem.
    (AP, 11/20/02)
2002        Nov 20, In Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, Phillip Seerattan (17) opened fire with a pistol at a school for foreign students, wounding a security guard before being shot to death by police.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

2002        Nov 21, The United States and the Philippines signed a controversial agreement which would allow U.S. forces to use the Asian country as a supply point for military operations.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, A US-led consortium said it is suspending construction of 2 new nuclear reactors in North Korea.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)
2002        Nov 21, The US National Book Awards were presented. Robert A. Caro won the non-fiction award for "Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson;" the fiction award went to Julia Glass for "Three Junes;" the poetry award was won by Ruth Stone for "In the Next Galaxy."
    (SFC, 11/21/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 21, Intensive cleaning began aboard the cruise ship Disney Magic after over 100 passengers fell sick from an unknown stomach virus.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 21, Merck published a study of vaccine that prevents cervical cancers caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) that could be available by 2006.
    (WSJ, 11/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 21, The International Monetary Fund agreed to Argentina's request to postpone for a year a $141 million loan payment due the next day.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, In Australia speaker Jonathan Hunt ruled that "knitting is permitted in the house but is not permitted from the minister's chair." Retired lawmaker Marilyn Waring admitted to knitting 32 garments during 9 years in Parliament. She said in her autobiography it was the only productive thing she had accomplished in the debating chamber.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 21, The 19 NATO leaders demanded that Iraq "fully and immediately" comply with a UN resolution to disarm. It was at the NATO Summit in Prague that  the NATO Response Force initiative was announced together with the other major military transformation initiatives, the Prague Capabilities Commitment and the fundamental revision of the NATO military command structure. The NRF concept was approved by Ministers of Defense in June 2003 in Brussels.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(http://www.nato.int/issues/nrf/index.html)
2002        Nov 21, The Baltic nations of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania joined former communist states Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia as the next wave of NATO states.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, Al-Qaida leader Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, the network's chief of operations in the Persian Gulf, was reported to have been captured earlier in the month. The Saudi of Yemeni descent was captured in Dubai and flown to a CIA prison in Afghanistan and then onto Thailand where he was waterboarded and interrogated. He had allegedly planned the Oct 12, 2000, attack on the US Navy destroyer Cole.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(SFC, 9/29/11, p.A2)
2002        Nov 21, In Indonesia Imam Samudra (35), the suspected mastermind of last month's devastating Bali bombings was arrested near Jakarta.
    (Reuters, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, A Palestinian man wearing a bomb belt blew himself up on a Jerusalem city bus packed with high school students and soldiers, killing 11 passengers and wounding dozens in a morning rush hour attack. Four of the victims were aged 8 to 16.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, Prince Takamado, a member of the Japanese imperial household known for his love of sports, died after collapsing while playing squash.
    (Reuters, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, In Sidon, Lebanon, Bonnie Witherall (31), an American missionary, was shot and killed at a Christian center that provides medical care and aid to Palestinian refugees.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, In Kaduna, Nigeria, protesters set fire to cars and churches in the during demonstrations over a newspaper article suggesting Islam's founding prophet might have chosen a wife from among contestants in the Miss World beauty pageant in Nigeria. Witnesses said at least four people were stabbed and burned to death. Some 200 people died in ensuing riots and the writer of the article was forced to flee to Norway.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.72)
2002        Nov 21, In Pakistan Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali, a moderate government loyalist, was elected PM.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A11)
2002        Nov 21, In northern Pakistan a 5.5 earthquake hit the Gilgit region and at least 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A18)

2002        Nov 22, “Cupid’s Span," a sculpture by Claes Oldenburg and his wife Coosje van Bruggen (d.2009 at 66), was set on the Embarcadero at the foot of the Bay Bridge.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.B5)
2002        Nov 22-23, President Bush stopped in Vilnius after a NATO summit at which Lithuania and six other former communist countries received invitations to join the alliance: "The long night of fear, uncertainty and loneliness is over."
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 22, The US EPA eased rules requiring installation of anti-pollution gear. The Bush administration eased clean air rules to allow utilities, refineries and manufacturers to avoid having to install new anti-pollution equipment when they modernized their plants.
    (WSJ, 11/25/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/22/07)
2002        Nov 22, In Minnesota Tyesha Edward (11) was killed by a stray bullet. In a 2003 trial Myon Burrell (16) was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Testimony of one teen rival had offered conflicting stories when identifying the triggerman, who was standing 120 feet away, mostly behind a wall. Co-defendants were not allowed to take the stand. Both later said Burrell was not even on the scene. One of them, Ike Tyson, later admitted to being the shooter. In 2020 Sen. Amy Klobuchar asked a top Minnesota prosecutor to initiate an independent investigation into the case.
    (http://tinyurl.com/rd2k9dq)(AP, 1/31/20)(AP, 3/6/20)
2002        Nov 22, Amilcar de Castro (82), Brazilian sculptor, died. His work was composed from massive sheets of iron.
    (SFC, 12/3/02, p.A24)
2002        Nov 22, A senior U.N. official from Britain was shot and killed during an exchange of fire between Israeli troops and Palestinian gunmen in the West Bank refugee camp of Jenin.
    (AP, 11/22/02)
2002        Nov 22, Firefighters across Britain launched an eight-day strike after their union accused the government of wrecking a last-minute pay deal.
    (AP, 11/22/02)
2002        Nov 22, Burundi's largest rebel faction launched a mortar attack on Bujumbura from the surrounding hills, causing thousands of residents to flee their homes in the northern part of the city.
    (AP, 11/22/02)
2002        Nov 22, An epidemic of tree-killing pine beetles was reported to be spreading through the forests of British Columbia, Canada's largest lumber exporting province. The deadly insects had also entered northern Alberta and were now found in an area nearly three-quarters the size of Sweden. By 2008 the mountain pine beetle had infested and killed over half the lodgepole pine forest in the center of BC and made inroads into 11 western American states.
    (Reuters, 11/22/02)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.47)
2002        Nov 22, Indonesia reported that 3 workers at a gas field operated by U.S. oil and gas giant ExxonMobil in Aceh province had been abducted. They were released after 2 days.
    (AP, 11/22/02)(AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 22, In Mexico City thousands of teachers marched to protest the deaths and disappearances of some 152 teachers over the last 10 years.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A10)
2002        Nov 22, In Kaduna, Nigeria, Christian youths retaliated against Muslims in the 3rd day of riots triggered by a newspaper article about the Miss World pageant. Red Cross officials said about 100 had died and 500 were injured.
    (AP, 11/22/02)
2002        Nov 22, At the NATO summit in Prague, Russian President Vladimir Putin told President Bush the United States should not wage war alone against Iraq, and questioned whether Pakistan and Saudi Arabia were doing enough to fight terrorism.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2002        Nov 23, President Bush visited Vilnius, Lithuania, and Bucharest, Romania, where he vowed to defend hard-won freedoms behind the former Iron Curtain.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2002        Nov 23, West Coast dock workers and shipping lines reached a tentative 6-year contract.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.A23)
2002        Nov 23, An Algerian militant group suspected of links to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida killed nine soldiers in violent clashes east of Algiers. Four police officers were killed 2 days earlier in Bourmedes.
    (AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 23, Azerbaijan Pres. Geidar Aliev said that he and Armenian Pres. Robert Kocharian have agreed to seek a peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Chilean artist Roberto Echaurren Matta (91), a master of surrealist painting and sculpture, died at a hospital near Rome. His work included “Mirror of Cronos" (1998).
    (AP, 11/24/02)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.32)
2002        Nov 23, At Loughborough, England, 4 people were charged with murdering Adam Morrell (14), whose body parts were found scattered around the town. The suspects included three men and a girl. On December 17, 2002 the following sentences were handed down: Matthew Welsh (19), the dominant figure in a gang, was sentenced to at least 20 years in prison. His girl friend Sarah Morris (17), was found guilty of deliberately assaulting the youngster but cleared of his murder. Nathan Barnett (27) was ordered to be detained indefinitely in secure accommodation under the Mental Health Act after he pleaded guilty to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility. Daniel Biggs (19) was cleared of murder and inflicting grievous bodily harm, but sentenced to two and a half years in custody for conspiring to pervert the course of justice.
    (AP, 11/23/02)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/leicestershire/3255720.stm)
2002        Nov 23, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 12 people, including six soldiers, were killed and 23 injured when their bus ran over a landmine planted by suspected militants.
    (Reuters, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Some of the world's richest countries agreed to offer about $4.3 billion in financial support for debt-ridden Lebanon.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Miss World organizers moved the beauty pageant from Nigeria to London after three days of Muslim-Christian bloodletting killed 215 people. The violence was triggered by a newspaper's suggestion that the Islamic prophet Muhammad would have liked the event.
    (AP, 11/23/02)(AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 23, Two Palestinian suicide bombers blew up an explosives-laden fishing boat close to an Israeli patrol craft, wounding four sailors, in the first such attack since the start of the Palestinian uprising.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Tens of thousands of Taiwan farmers took to the streets to protest against the planned reform of shaky agricultural co-ops, a day after the premier and finance minister offered to resign over the controversy.
    (Reuters, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Turkey's new prime minister presented his program to parliament, saying his top priorities are joining the European Union and revitalizing the slumping economy.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

2002        Nov 24, Harriet Doerr (b.1910), author of "Stone for Ibarra" (1984), died in Pasadena.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)
2002        Nov 24, John Rawls (81), philosopher, died in Boston. His work included "A Theory of Justice" (1971), which advanced the concept of a social compact. The Rawls test: “Would the best off accept the arrangements if they believed at any moment they might find themselves in the place of the worst off."
    (WSJ, 11/26/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A27)
2002        Nov 24, In Austria Chancellor Wolfgang Schuessel's conservative party made large gains to dominate parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 24, A tanker carrying 20,000 tons of liquefied petroleum gas was on fire in Chinese waters about 38 kilometers east of Hong Kong, risking a huge explosion.
    (Reuters, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 24, The Central Colombian Pipeline, known by its Spanish acronym Ocensa, had to be shut down after an attack near the town of Aguazul.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 24, Negotiations between the Congolese government and two rebel groups produced an agreement in principle on the workings of a transitional government.
    (AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 24, In Ecuador Lucio Gutierrez (45), who led a Jan 2000 coup against Pres. Jamil Mahuad, was elected over billionaire Alvaro Noboa (52) in a runoff election.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.F1)(AP, 11/25/02)(SFC, 11/25/02, p.A3)
2002        Nov 24, In a letter to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the Iraqi government complained that the small print behind upcoming weapons inspections would give Washington a pretext to attack.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2002        Nov 24, In Maan, Jordan, one person was killed and several wounded in shootings between officers and crowds who attacked police patrols. The city is home to conservative Bedouin tribesmen who are heavily armed and oppose the government's pro-Western stance and Jordan's 1994 peace treaty with Israel.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 24, In Kashmir militants stormed a Hindu temple and engaged security forces in a 10-hour gunfight that killed 14 people.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A17)
2002        Nov 24, Philippine communist rebels killed four soldiers when about 30 rebels opened fire on a military convoy returning to base from a mission.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 24, The government of Vietnam estimated AIDS at 107,000 cases and pointed to the estimated 40,000 prostitutes as the chief source. AIDS workers said 70% of the infected were drug users and claimed 200,000 cases.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.A3)

2002        Nov 25, Pres. Bush signed into law the Department of Homeland Security and named Tom Ridge as head of the Cabinet-level office.
    (SFC, 11/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 25, US federal investigators reported that they had uncovered the largest identity theft ring ever seen. They alleged that 3 men had victimized over 30,000 people and caused the loss of millions.
    (SFC, 11/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 25, Space shuttle Endeavour arrived at the international space station, delivering one American and two Russians, and another girder for the orbiting outpost.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2002        Nov 25, Eugene V. Rostow (89), former US State Department official, died.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2002        Nov 25, Karel Reisz (b.1926), Czech-born film director, died in London. He fled Nazi occupation in 1938. His film career began in Britain and moved on to Hollywood where his work included "The French Lieutenant's Woman."
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)
2002        Nov 25, In France striking truckers blockaded roadways in about 20 locations, but police intervened to dismantle several barricades that had slowed access to airports and highways.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Indian security forces shot dead two suspected Muslim militants who had attacked Hindu temples in Indian Kashmir, ending a bloody siege that cast a shadow over efforts to bring peace to the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, An overloaded bus crashed off a bridge into a boulder-strewn gorge in central India, killing at least 36 people and injuring 45.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Israeli troops shot and killed an 8-year-old Palestinian boy in Nablus as hundreds of youths ignored a curfew and threw stones at soldiers on their way home from school. Israeli troops and armored vehicles pulled out of Bethlehem.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Floods caused by 2 days of heavy rains in Morocco killed at least 37 people, collapsed homes, shut down rail travel and damaged the country's huge oil refinery.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
2002        Nov 25, Pakistan's military said it had killed and wounded several Indian troops in the heaviest exchange of fire across the military control line in disputed Kashmir in recent days.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Philippine communist rebels, fleeing pursuing soldiers, torched a mobile phone relay station at Puerto Galera, a resort close to the capital Manila which is one of the country's best-known scuba diving spots.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)

2002        Nov 26, WorldCom and the government settled a civil lawsuit over the company's $9 billion accounting scandal.
    (AP, 11/26/03)
2002        Nov 26, The World Health Organization confirmed an outbreak of flu in rebel-controlled northern Congo, and the country's health minister said more than 500 people have died.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
2002        Nov 26, A United Nations report said that for the first time in the 20-year history of the AIDS epidemic, about as many women as men were infected with HIV.
    (AP, 11/26/03)
2002        Nov 26, A poll of 50,000 people, commissioned by Durex condom makers SSL International and released in Malaysia, showed the French had sex an average 167 times a year, pipping the Danes and the Dutch for the number one spot. It was a bad year for sex in the United States, which came in eleventh with an average of 138, after heading the rankings in 2001. Britons scored an average of 149 times. At the bottom of the pile, Singapore's 110 times was two less than Thailand's. Four in 10 people in India did not have sex until they were married and Norwegians were most likely to have sex on the first date, the survey showed. Norwegians, along with South Africans, were also more likely than any other nationality to have a one-night stand. Those in Taiwan were least likely; just 20 percent surveyed had a one-night stand.
    (Reuters, 11/26/02)
2002        Nov 26, Cuban musician Polo Montanez (47), born as Fernando Borrego, died from head injuries suffered in a Nov 20 car crash. His country-style music was hugely popular throughout Latin America.
    (AP, 11/27/02)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A27)
2002        Nov 26, French air traffic controllers walked off the job as part of a nationwide protest by civil servants.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
2002        Nov 26, Iraqi air defense units fired at American and British warplanes that carried out dozens of sorties in the country.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
2002        Nov 26, Israeli aircraft attacked a building in Jenin's refugee camp and killed 2 Palestinian militants.
    (WSJ, 11/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 26, In Kashmir's Kralapora village 3 schoolboys were killed when they hit a live grenade that they mistook for a cricket ball.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A17)
2002        Nov 26, About 2,000 members of Mexico's former ruling party seized government buildings in two Guerrero state towns, claiming fraud in the recent election of the towns' mayors.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 26, The Astra-1K satellite was launched atop a Russian Proton rocket from the Baikonur cosmodrome in the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan. The world's largest communications satellite, manufactured by France's Alcatel Space corporation for Societe Europeene des Satellites of Luxembourg, was lost after it went into the wrong orbit.
    (AP, 11/26/02)(WSJ, 11/27/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 27, Pres. Bush selected Henry Kissinger to lead an investigation into intelligence lapses before the Sept. 11 attacks. Report deadline was mid-2004. The following month Kissinger stepped down, citing controversy over potential conflicts of interest with his business clients.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/29/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/27/03)
2002        Nov 27, President Bush gave the go-ahead to open U.S. highways to Mexican trucks beyond the current 20-mile border zone. On Jan 16, 2003, a federal appeals court halted the plan for environmental reviews.
    {BushGW, USA, Mexico}
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.A5)(AP, 11/27/03)
2002        Nov 27, Donald Rumsfeld, US Defense Sec., approved a list of techniques to be used for interrogating prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The order was rescinded Jan 15, 2003. A new list of techniques was issued Apr 16, 2003. He signed the Dec 2.
    (WSJ, 6/10/04, p.A3)(SFC, 6/23/04, p.A13)
2002        Nov 27, The DJIA rose 255 to 8,931. Nasdaq rose 43 to 1,487.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.B1)
2002        Nov 27, China arrested flamboyant flower magnate Yang Bin (39), a Dutch national, on charges of fraud and other commercial crimes, just two months after North Korea named him head of a new free-trade enclave.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, A WHO official said simultaneous outbreaks of the flu and meningitis have killed 185 people in a rebel-controlled area of northwestern Congo.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, French police arrested a man in Lyon after he tried to hijack an Alitalia flight carrying 57 passengers from Bologna to Paris.
    (Reuters, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, International arms monitors searched a military missile-testing range and a state factory outside Baghdad, starting a new round of inspections that could determine the future of peace in the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27-2002 Nov 28, Fighting resumed in Ivory Coast, shattering a month long truce, after rebel forces attacked government positions in the west of the country. Government soldiers slaughtered more than 120 civilians suspected of collaborating with rebels in Monoko-Zohi.
    (AP, 11/27/02)(AP, 12/7/02)
2002        Nov 27, Daniel Baraniuk (27) from Gdansk, Poland, set a new pole-sitting world record, coming down from his perch in a German fun park after 196 days and nights.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, Russian officials renewed their drive to close sprawling tent camps in the republic of Ingushetia that are home to tens of thousands of Chechen refugees.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, Velupillai Prabhakaran, leader of Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers, said he was willing to settle for regional autonomy.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

2002        Nov 28, Thousands of Haitians demonstrated against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's government and clashed with whip-wielding Aristide supporters.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 28, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon easily won re-election as the Likud Party leader, defeating his hawkish foreign minister by positioning himself as a centrist in a tactic that could help him in January elections against the Labor Party's dovish Amram Mitzna.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 28, A shooting attack in northern Israel killed 6 Israelis. Two Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a Likud Party office crowded with voters casting ballots in a leadership race and also attacked passengers at a nearby bus terminal in northern Israel.
    (AP, 11/28/02)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 28, In Kenya 3 suicide bombers attacked an Israeli-owned hotel, killing 13 other people. Gunmen fire two MANPADS at a Boeing jet carrying 271 passengers and crew as it took off from Mombasa, Kenya. Both missiles missed.
    (AP, 11/28/02)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/11/13)

2002        Nov 29, The White House quietly announced that federal workers would get a smaller pay raise the following month because President Bush was freezing part of the increase, citing the fight against terrorism.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2002        Nov 29, Celebrity publicist Lizzie Grubman left the Suffolk County, N.Y., jail after serving 37 days of a 60-day sentence for backing her sport utility vehicle into a crowd outside a trendy Hamptons nightclub and fleeing.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2002        Nov 29, It was reported that TransOrbital Inc. had signed a $20 million contract with Kosmotras, Moscow's int'l. space company, to use decommissioned ballistic missiles for commercial launches to the moon.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.K3)
2002        Nov 29, In Colombia the AUC, the largest right-wing paramilitary group, announced that it would begin a unilateral cease-fire Dec 1.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 29, Israeli troops blew up the homes of two Palestinian gunmen who attacked an office of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's Likud Party during a primary vote, killing six Israelis and wounding more than 20.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 29, Tens of thousands of people demonstrated across the Middle East in a day of solidarity with Palestinians in the annual Jerusalem Day, which marked the 1947 UN partition of Palestine.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 29, Romania urged the EU to reject a request by Hungarian producers for the exclusive right to sell a regional brandy in EU countries under the generic name "palinka." The Eastern European brandy, made from fermented fruit pears, plums, apricots or grapes, has been produced in the region under different names. In Hungary and in Romania's northwest region of Transylvania, it is called "palinka," or "palinca," while in southern Romania it is called "tuica," and in Moldova and Bulgaria "rakiya."
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 29, Denis Solovyov, a Russian soldier, on patrol along the Georgia border, opened fire on fellow servicemen killing at least eight of them and wounding three others. Solovyov was apparently under the influence of narcotics.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 29, Five Russian servicemen and a paramilitary policeman serving in Chechnya were killed in clashes with rebels and from mine explosions.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 29, A gold mining operation owned by a Canadian company planned to begin constructing a $97 million mine early next year on a mining concession in Suriname's interior.
    (AP, 11/29/02)

2002        Nov 30, It was reported that NYC estimated 37,000 homeless.
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.A4)
2002        Nov 30, In Uttar Pradesh, India, a mystery epidemic was reported to have killed 44 at least Indian children in just over a month.
    (Reuters, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, International weapons hunters in Iraq paid an unannounced visit to a military post previously declared "sensitive" and restricted by Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2002        Nov 30, At least 11 people were killed and 30 wounded in separatist clashes in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, A 16-year-old Palestinian boy was shot and killed on his way home from school east of Gaza city, and another was wounded.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, Israeli troops shot dead one Palestinian and a second Palestinian man died under the rubble of one of the three homes the soldiers demolished in an overnight operation in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/1/02)
2002        Nov 30, In the Ivory Coast French troops evacuated the city of Man. The western rebels called themselves the Ivorian Popular Movement for the Greater West and held Danane. The northern rebels called themselves the Patriotic Movement of Ivory Coast and denied connection to the western rebels.
    (SSFC, 12/1/02, p.A18)
2002        Nov 30, Turkey lifted curfews and restrictions on gatherings in two predominantly Kurdish provinces, ending 15 years of emergency rule in southeastern Turkey and fulfilling a requirement toward joining the European Union.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, A fire ripped through the packed La Guajira nightclub in downtown Caracas, killing 50 people, most of them suffocated by smoke in what was one of the deadliest blazes in Venezuela's recent history.
    (AP, 12/3/02)(AP, 11/30/03)

2002        Nov, Artisan Pictures released "Standing in the Shadows of Motown," a tribute to the Funk Brothers, the studio musicians behind the Motown hits. They included pianist Earl Van Dyke, bassist James Jamerson, vibes player Jack Ashford, and pianist Joe Hunter.
    (WSJ, 11/26/02, p.D8)
2002        Nov, In Washington state Puget Sound Energy cancelled an 18-month program that had been touted to save customers energy via a variable rate plan. Customer had quit the program in droves after finding that the special plan cost more than ordinary ones.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.73)
2002        Nov, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il in a private message to Pres. Bush said the US and North Korea "should be able to resolve the nuclear issue in compliance with the demands of the new century." The message was not disclosed until 2005.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2002        Nov, Delaware's 2002 Pumpkin' Chunkin' contest was won by the 2nd Amendment team from Michigan.
    (DC, 2/9/03)
2002        Nov, Heinrich Kieber, an employee of Liechtenstein’s LGT Treuhand AG, ended his services with the company and stole confidential data on thousands of customers and beneficiaries. He was convicted of fraud and theft in 2004 and sentenced to 3 years probation. German authorities later confirmed the purchase of Liechtenstein banking data from an informant for some $6.2 million.
    (WSJ, 2/25/08, p.A6)
2002        Nov, In Montenegro Svetlana C. (28) of Moldava escaped from a brothel near the capital, Podgorica, and went to the police. Local newspapers reported that politicians and other members of Montenegro's ruling elite frequented the brothel and took part in orgies at which women were tortured.
    (AP, 7/7/03)
2002        Nov, 52 governments ratified and adopted the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme setting up an internationally recognized certification system for rough diamonds and establishing national import/export standards. This followed meetings that had begun in Kimberley, South Africa, in 2000. The scheme was fully implemented in August 2003.

2002        Dec 1, Sen. Kerry of Massachusetts announced that he would seek the Democratic nomination for president.
    (WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)
2002        Dec 1, The US federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) began rounding up over 2,650 wild horses in Nevada to prevent starving and rangeland destruction.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.J7)
2002        Dec 1, Edward Latimer "Ned" Beach (b.1918), former Navy captain and author, died at age 84. His books included "Run Silent, Run Deep" (1955), "Around the World Submerged" (1962) and "Scapegoats! A Defense of Kimmel and short at Pearl Harbor."
    (SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)(WSJ, 12/4/02, p.D10)
2002        Dec 1, In Gaibandha, Bangladesh, least 30 people, mostly women and children, were killed in a stampede after a wall collapsed during a give-away of clothes and money.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Colombia's largest right-wing paramilitary group began a unilateral cease-fire in its long-running battle against leftist rebels.
    (AP, 12/1/03)   
2002        Dec 1, Martin Lee, Hong Kong's pre-eminent champion of democracy, stepped down as leader of the territory's most popular political party.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Prof. Saburo Ienaga, Japanese historian, died at age 89. He had led battles against the government screening of textbooks.
    (SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)
2002        Dec 1, In Kashmir 10 people, including 4 militants, were killed in fresh clashes between Muslim guerrillas and Indian security forces.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Russia won its first Davis Cup title by rallying to beat defending champion France 3-2.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2002        Dec 1, PM Janez Drnovsek (52) won Slovenia's presidential election and promised to keep the former Yugoslav republic on a pro-Western course. In 1999 he had a cancerous kidney removed, and in 2005 revealed that doctors had diagnosed "formations" on his lungs and liver in 2001.
    (AP, 12/2/02)(SSFC, 12/2/02, p.a10)(AP, 9/29/06)
2002        Dec 1, In Istanbul, Turkey, some 10,000 people took part in a protest against a U.S.-led war in neighboring Iraq.
    (AP, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Venezuela museum officials discovered that Henri Matisse's "Odalisque in Red Pants," a 1925 painting of a topless, raven-haired woman kneeling on a floor, worth about $3 million, was stolen as long as two years ago from the Sofia Imber Museum of Contemporary Art and replaced by an imitation. In 2012 FBI agents recovered the painting and arrested 2 people at the Miami Beach Loews Hotel.
    (AP, 2/1/03)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A6)
2002        Dec 1, World AIDS Day marked 42 million HIV positive people around the world with 75% in sub-Saharan Africa.
    (AP, 12/2/02)

2002        Dec 2, The US Supreme Court agreed to decide whether minorities can be given a boost to get into universities. In June, a divided Court allowed the nation's colleges and universities to select students based in part on race, but emphasized that race could not be the overriding factor.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2002        Dec 2, US Defense Sec. Donald Rumsfeld signed a directive approving coercive interrogation methods for detainees at Guantanamo Bay. The techniques were rescinded in early 2003 following objections by Pentagon lawyers. [see Nov 27]
    (SFC, 2/22/06, p.A7)
2002        Dec 2, Achille Castiglioni (84), Italian interior designer and architect, died in Milan.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2002        Dec 2, Ivan Illich (76), former Catholic priest and author, died in Germany. His work included "De-Schooling Society" (1971).
    (SFC, 12/4/02, p.A28)
2002        Dec 2, Mal Waldron (77), jazz pianist, died. He was the last accompanist for Billie Holiday and composed "Soul Eyes," a ballad for John Coltrane.
    (SFC, 12/4/02, p.A28)
2002        Dec 2, A statement attributed to al-Qaida claimed responsibility for the Nov 28 car-bombing of an Israeli-owned hotel in Kenya and the attempted shoot-down of an Israeli airliner.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2002        Dec 2, Belarus said its ambassador to Japan has refused an order to return to the ex-Soviet state in what the envoy's friends said could be an attempt to stage a "Cold War-style" defection.
    (Reuters, 12/2/02)
2002        Dec 2, In Beijing Russia's Pres. Putin and Jiang Zemin signed a 13-page declaration calling for a "multi-polar" world and peaceful solutions in Iraq and North Korea.
    (SFC, 12/3/02, p.A8)
2002        Dec 2, Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian gunman trying to enter a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip, and a Palestinian teenager was killed when a mob of stone throwers clashed with troops in the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 12/2/02)
2002        Dec 2, In Russia a car hit a land mine and exploded near a settlement housing Russian military personnel outside Moscow, killing a businessman and his two employees.
    (AP, 12/2/02)
2002        Dec 2, Venezuela's opposition launched a general strike to protest President Hugo Chavez's defiant refusal to call a referendum on his rule, closing hundreds of businesses in Caracas.
    (AP, 12/2/02)

2002        Dec 3, Thousands of personnel files released under a court order showed that the Archdiocese of Boston went to great lengths to hide priests accused of abuse, including clergy who allegedly snorted cocaine and had sex with girls aspiring to be nuns.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2002        Dec 3, In western Algeria 6 soldiers and 6 suspected Islamic militants were killed during fighting in the Stamboul forest.
    (AP, 12/8/02)
2002        Dec 3, In Burundi Pres. Pierre Buyoya and Pierre Nkurunziza, leader of the main faction of the Forces for the Defense of Democracy, or FDD, agreed to a cease-fire in their 9-year civil war (effective Dec 30), in theory leaving only one rebel group fighting in a conflict that has killed more than 200,000 people.
    (AP, 12/3/02)
2002        Dec 3, U.N. weapons inspectors made their first unannounced visit to one of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's presidential palaces.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2002        Dec 3, An Israeli soldier in Ramallah shot and killed a 95-year-old Palestinian woman as her taxi tried a back road to go around an Israeli checkpoint.
    (SFC, 12/4/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 3, Shanghai will host the 2010 World Exposition after bidding fiercely to organize an event expected to fuel millions of dollars of investment, Expo officials announced in Monaco.
    (Reuters, 12/3/02)

2002        Dec 3, The US Supreme Court justices heard arguments on whether federal laws intended to combat organized crime and corruption could be used against anti-abortion demonstrators. In Feb, 2003, the court ruled that such laws were improperly used to punish abortion opponents.
    (AP, 12/4/03)
2002        Dec 4, A US federal board rejected a 1.8 billion loan guarantee for United Airlines.
    (SFC, 12/5/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 4, The governor of Mississippi signed legislation capping punitive damage awards at $20 million.
    (WSJ, 12/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 4, John Weaver, historian, died in Las Vegas. His books included "Los Angeles: The Enormous Village" (1980).
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.A25)
2002        Dec 4,  Jesus Antonio Nunez, mayor of the western Colombian town of Ambalema, was assassinated, apparently after going to a meeting with the country's main rebel group. He was the 13th mayor killed this year.
    (AP, 12/5/02)
2002        Dec 4, Security forces fired on student protesters in the East Timorese capital, killing two people and prompting angry mobs to loot shops and set fire to several buildings, including the prime minister's house.
    (AP, 12/4/02)
2002        Dec 4, Iraqi forces shot at allied aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone and U.S. planes retaliated by bombing part of the country's air defense system.
    (AP, 12/4/02)
2002        Dec 4, Israeli soldiers killed two suspected Islamic militants in a gun battle in a West Bank village, and Israeli helicopters fired missiles on a Palestinian government complex in the Gaza Strip, killing a security guard and injuring five people.
    (AP, 12/4/02)
2002        Dec 4, Kurdish militiamen of the PUK battled Islamic militants (Ansar al-Islam) believed to be linked to al-Qaida in northern Iraq, and as many as 30 militiamen were killed or wounded.
    (AP, 12/4/02)(SFC, 12/6/02, p.A18)
2002        Dec 4, Separatists in Indonesia's Aceh province commemorated the 26th anniversary of their fight with at least one military flag-raising ceremony and vows to keep fighting Jakarta's rule.
    (AP, 12/4/02)
2002        Dec 4, Thailand released thousands of prisoners, including many jailed for minor narcotics offences, to mark the 75th birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the world's longest reigning monarch.
    (Reuters, 12/4/02)

2002        Dec 5, Trent Lott, Senate Republican leader from Mississippi, made remarks that supported Sen. Strom Thurmond's 1948 segregationist platform. The resulting firestorm prompted Lott to resign his leadership position. Strom Thurmond, the oldest and longest-serving senator in history, celebrated his 100th birthday on Capitol Hill.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.A4)(AP, 12/5/03)
2002        Dec 5, In Kansas City, Mo. a pharmacist who had diluted chemotherapy drugs given to thousands of cancer patients was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2002        Dec 5, A severe ice and snow storm snarled the eastern US down into the Carolinas, where over a million customers lost power. 29 deaths were blamed on the storm and its aftermath.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 5, The genetic code of the Black 6 mouse, the most common breed of laboratory mouse, was published in Nature.
    (SFC, 12/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 5, Roone Arledge (71), ABC executive, died in New York.
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2002        Dec 5, In Brazil 6 South American presidents convened a summit of the continent's largest trading bloc, aiming to work out a timetable for a free trade agreement covering most of the continent.
    (AP, 12/6/02)
2002        Dec 5, Ne Win (91), former general and dictator, died in Yangon. His 26 years in power bankrupted Myanmar (Burma) economically and spiritually.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.A30)(WSJ, 12/6/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 5, In Canada the high court ruled that higher life forms such as mice can't be patented.
    (WSJ, 12/6/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 5, Kenya’s Pres. Moi and Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi met at the White House with Pres. Bush to discuss terrorism as well as drought, AIDS and other problems facing Africa.
    (AP, 12/6/02)
2002        Dec 5,  An explosion at a McDonald's Restaurant in Makassar on Sulawesi island killed three people and seriously wounded 11. A 2nd blast took place an hour later in a car showroom owned by Indonesia's Social Welfare Minister Yusuf Kalla.
    (Reuters, 12/6/02)
2002        Dec 5, In Mexico City an angry mob beat to death two of three youths who allegedly tried to rob a taxi driver.
    (AP, 12/6/02)
2002        Dec 5, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at the Macedonian Consulate and 3 people were killed. Revenge for a Mar 2 killing of 7 militants in Skopje was suspected.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.A16)

2002        Dec 6, President Bush pushed Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill and economic adviser Larry Lindsey from their jobs in a Cabinet shakeup as the unemployment rate hit 6%.
    (AP, 12/6/02)(SFC, 12/7/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 6, Actress Winona Ryder was sentenced to community service as part of a probationary term for stealing more than $5,500 worth of merchandise from a Saks Fifth Avenue store in Beverly Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2002        Dec 6, Philip Berrigan (79), former Catholic priest, died in Baltimore. He helped galvanize opposition to the Vietnam War in the late 1960s.
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.A3)
2002        Dec 6, In Brazil South American leaders set a timetable for creating a free trade agreement to cover South America and possibly the Caribbean.
    (AP, 12/7/02)
2002        Dec 6, The EU agreed to ban single-hull tankers, likely to be effective in 2010.
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.A15)
2002        Dec 6, Ten Palestinians, including two U.N. employees, were killed in chaotic battles that erupted when Israeli troops, tanks and helicopter gunships poured into a Gaza Strip refugee camp, searching for a fugitive militant allegedly involved in a fatal bombing.
    (AP, 12/6/02)
2002        Dec 6, A U.N. envoy wrapped up an inspection of Uzbekistan's prisons by saying he found signs of systematic torture despite being denied full access to two of the most notorious jails.
    (AP, 12/6/02)
2002        Dec 6, In Venezuela at least one gunman opened fire on a Caracas square packed with opponents of Pres. Hugo Chavez, killing three people as strikers trying to force a change of government. Captains and officers of 12 of the nation's 13 oil tankers joined the strike.
    (Reuters, 12/6/02)(SFC, 12/7/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 7, Louisiana Democratic Sen. Mary Landrieu beat Republican Suzanne Terrell in a runoff 52-48%, despite a recent visit by Pres. Bush.
    (WSJ, 12/4/02, p.A1)(AP, 12/8/02)
2002        Dec 7, Entertainment giant Vivendi Universal signed an agreement to build a Universal Studios theme park in booming Shanghai, beating much-fancied Walt Disney Co to the punch.
    (Reuters, 12/7/02)
2002        Dec 7, Space shuttle Endeavour returned to Earth along with space station voyagers Peggy Whitsun, Valery Korzun and Sergei Treschev.
    (SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 7, In Australia wildfires raging across Sydney's northern fringe blackened 250,000 acres.
    (AP, 12/7/02)
2002        Dec 7, In Bangladesh 19 people were killed and nearly 300 wounded in near-simultaneous bomb blasts at four cinemas packed with families celebrating the end of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
    (Reuters, 12/7/02)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A9)(AP, 12/7/03)
2002        Dec 7, In London Azra Akin, Miss Turkey, won the Miss World Pageant bringing to a close the pageant that had incited deadly rioting in Nigeria, the original site of the event.
    (AP, 12/7/02)   
2002        Dec 7, The Iraqi government presented to the rest of the world a 12,000 page declaration detailing its nuclear, chemical and biological activities and formally declaring to the UN that it has no weapons of mass destruction. Saddam Hussein grudgingly apologized to Kuwaitis for invading their country in 1990.
    (AP, 12/7/02)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 7, In Kashmir 14 people, including eight Muslim rebels, were killed in fresh separatist violence, as a four-day truce announced by a hardline militant group neared its end.
    (Reuters, 12/8/02)
2002        Dec 7, In Liberia civilians were killed in a government offensive on a rebel-held town. Their deaths were blamed on crossfire.
    (AP, 12/9/02)
2002        Dec 7, In the Seychelles after 3 days of voting Pres. France Albert Rene's party retained control of parliament even though the main opposition party more than tripled its number of seats.
    (AP, 12/7/02)

2002        Dec 8, Directors of 18 American and European art museums signed a "Declaration on the Importance and Value of Universal Museums."
    (WSJ, 12/12/02, p.D10)
2002        Dec 8, Painter and sculptor Keith Tyson, whose playful artwork is inspired by scientific theories and often ponders the role of computers in the modern world, won Britain's prestigious Turner Prize.
    (AP, 12/9/02)
2002        Dec 8, Devi Sridhar (18) of Coral Gables, Florida, was one of 32 recipients of the Rhodes scholarship and the youngest ever US recipient.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.J1)
2002        Dec 8, The Colombian air force bombed a rebel camp and claimed about 40 guerrillas were killed.
    (AP, 12/8/02)
2002        Dec 8, Typhoon Pongsona hit Guam with wind gusts of more than 180 mph. The U.S. territory was declared a federal disaster area.
    (AP, 12/11/02)
2002        Dec 8, In Karnataka, India, Hannur Nagappa, a former state minister, was found dead. He had been kidnapped Aug 25 by the bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerappan.
    (SFC, 12/9/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 8, Iraq's massive dossier detailing its chemical, biological and nuclear programs arrived in New York; the U.N. Security Council agreed to give full copies to the United States and the four other permanent council members — Britain, France, Russia and China.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2002        Dec 8, Israeli soldiers killed a Palestinian woman and wounded her 3 children at the Tel Sultan refugee camp near the settlement of Rafiah Yam.
    (SFC, 12/9/02, p.A12)
2002        Dec 8, In Nepal 5 people were killed and more than 30 were injured when Maoist rebels blew up a bus in east Nepal.
    (Reuters, 12/8/02)
2002        Dec 8, In Serbia voters chose between a moderate nationalist and two extreme right-wing candidates to become president.
    (AP, 12/8/02)

2002        Dec 9, Pres. Bush chose John Snow, chairman of CSX Corp., to replace Paul O'Neill as secretary of the Treasury. Bush fired Paul O'Neill 3 days earlier.
    (SFC, 12/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 9, Senate Republican leader Trent Lott apologized for remarks he'd made praising the 1948 presidential run of then-segregationist Strom Thurmond, saying, "A poor choice of words conveyed to some the impression that I embraced the discarded policies of the past."
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2002        Dec 9, The United States received a copy Monday of Saddam Hussein's massive arms declaration as inspectors began combing the dossier for clues about whether Iraq is free of weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 12/9/02)
2002        Dec 9, US and Spanish forces seized an unflagged ship from North Korea that was carrying Scud missiles to Yemen.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 9, United Airlines filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and reported losses of $20 million a day.
    (SFC, 12/9/02, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 9, The UN Security Council lifted 9-year-old sanctions against Angola's UNITA movement, welcoming efforts by the government and the former rebel group to end the country's civil war.
    (AP, 12/9/02)
2002        Dec 9, In Angra dos Reis, Brazil, mudslides triggered by torrential rains slashed through this southeastern city, burying houses and killing at least 34 people.
    (AP, 12/10/02)
2002        Dec 9, In Bogota, Colombia, a car bomb exploded near a police command post, during lunch hour, injuring at least 58 passersby.
    (AP, 12/9/02)
2002        Dec 9, Indonesia and rebels in Aceh signed an accord to end one of the world's longest-running insurgencies.
    (Reuters, 12/9/02)
2002        Dec 9, Israeli soldiers killed Basem Kou (28), a mentally handicapped Palestinian near Beit Lid. At Nablus Israeli soldiers fired on a taxi and killed Rehaneh Hesham Kilani (25) and injured 2 other passengers.
    (SFC, 12/10/02, p.A8)
2002        Dec 9, Serbia headed for a major political crisis after it failed a second time to elect a president, with supporters of the top vote-getter vowing to challenge the outcome.
    (AP, 12/9/02)
2002        Dec 9, In Venezuela a general strike aimed at ousting leftist President Hugo Chavez sparked panic buying at supermarkets and gasoline stations and forced the national guard to commandeer delivery trucks and ensure that service stations opened.
    (AP, 12/9/02)

2002        Dec 10, Pres. Bush named William Donaldson (71), co-founder of a Wall Street brokerage firm, to head the SEC.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 10, A U.S. F-16 fighter bombed an Iraqi surface-to-air missile system after Iraq moved it deep into the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 12/10/02)
2002        Dec 10, The Colombian army reported that at least 8 right-wing militia members were killed by leftist guerrillas near Tierradentro. A local clinic reported at least 28 militia members dead along with 2 rebels.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A13)
2002        Dec 10, A train accident at Coliseo, Cuba, killed 14 people and injured more than 70.
    (AP, 12/11/02)(SFC, 12/12/02, p.A20)
2002        Dec 10, In Portugal a national strike forced schools to cancel classes, reduced hospital care to emergency treatment, left garbage uncollected and clogged roads with traffic as most public transport stopped running.
    (AP, 12/10/02)
2002        Dec 10, Saudi dissidents reported a new radio station, Sawt al-Islah (the Voice of Reform), had started broadcasting from Europe to push for reforms.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 10, In Sweden King Carl XIV Gustaf awarded the Nobel Prizes. Former US Pres. Jimmy Carter accepted the Peace Prize for his diplomacy in the Middle East in the 1970s.
    (AP, 12/10/02)

2002        Dec 11, It was reported that the US had filed allegations that tens of millions of dollars paid by American oil companies to Kazakstan during the 1990s wound up in Swiss bank accounts of top Kazakstani officials.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A15)
2002        Dec 11, The United States let an intercepted shipment of North Korean missiles proceed to the Persian Gulf country of Yemen a day after the vessel was detained.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2002        Dec 11, A congressional report found that intelligence agencies that were supposed to protect Americans from the Sept. 11 hijackers failed to do so because they were poorly organized, poorly equipped and slow to pursue clues that might have prevented the attacks.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2002        Dec 11, It was reported that the Chicago-based Pritzker family planned to break up its $15 billion empire over the next decade.
    (WSJ, 12/12/02, p.B1)
2002        Dec 11, Bank of America agreed to pay $1.6 billion for a 25% stake in Grupo Financiero Santander Serfin, one of Mexico's largest banks.
    (WSJ, 12/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 11, A US Black Hawk helicopter on routine training crashed and killed five American soldiers in the hills of central Honduras.
    (AP, 12/14/02)(SFC, 12/13/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 11, Chile's Pres. Ricardo Lagos announced it had reached an agreement for a free trade accord with the United States.
    (AP, 12/11/02)(SFC, 12/12/02, p.A20)
2002        Dec 11, In Indonesia a mudslide above a resort in East Java killed at least 60 people. Tree-cutting above the resort was blamed and a suit against a state-owned forestry company was planned.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 11, Israeli troops killed a suspected Palestinian militant in a West Bank refugee camp as he tried to escape.
    (AP, 12/11/02)
2002        Dec 11, Israeli troops in Gaza shot and killed 5 unarmed Palestinians trying to penetrate a security fence.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.A22)
2002        Dec 11, A Nicaraguan judge ordered three U.S. companies to pay $490 million to 583 banana workers allegedly affected by the use of the pesticide Nemagon.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2002        Dec 11, A Pakistan human rights group said 461 women had been killed this year by family members in so-called honor killings in Punjab and Sindh, up from 372 last year.
    (SFC, 12/12/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 11, Yemen said Scud missiles found hidden aboard a North Korean ship seized by Spain and the United States were destined for its army and demanded them back. Pres. Bush ordered them released. Bush later created a coalition of members to block arms shipments "of proliferation concern."
    (Reuters, 12/11/02)(SFC, 12/12/02, p.A19)(WSJ, 10/21/03, p.A1)

2002        Dec 12, Pres. Bush announced a series of regulatory changes to allow religious social-service organizations to receive more government grants and contracts. Bush named Stephen Friedman, former chairman of Goldman Sachs, as his chief economic advisor.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.A3)(SFC, 12/13/02, p.A8)
2002        Dec 12, President Bush publicly rebuked Senate Republican leader Trent Lott for his statement that appeared to embrace half-century-old segregationist politics, calling it "offensive" and "wrong."
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2002        Dec 12, President Bush named Wall Street investment banker Stephen Friedman to head his National Economic Council, replacing Lawrence Lindsey, who'd been ousted along with Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2002        Dec 12, Actor Nick Nolte pleaded no contest in Malibu, Calif., to one count of driving under the influence of drugs; he was sentenced to three years' probation.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2002        Dec 12, Dee Brown (94), author of "Bury My heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West" (1970), died in Little Rock, Ark.
    (SFC, 12/16/02, p.A23)
2002        Dec 12, Brad Dexter (85), film actor, died. His films included "The Magnificent Seven" and "Run Silent, Run Deep."
    (SFC, 12/16/02, p.A23)
2002        Dec 12, In western Algeria a bomb exploded at an outdoor market, killing four people and wounding 16.
    (AP, 12/12/02)
2002        Dec 12, Australia's highest court dismissed one of the nation's longest running tribal land claims. The Yorta tribe began the battle in 1994 for a special property right known as native title in 800 square miles of land around the Murray River in eastern Australia. The area is now occupied by farmers.
    (AP, 12/12/02)
2002        Dec 12, In Brazil Pres.-elect Lula da Silva nominated Henrique Meirelles, a former executive for FleetBoston, as Central Bank governor.
    (WSJ, 12/14/02, p.A12)
2002        Dec 12, Israeli troops near Hebron shot and killed 2 armed Palestinians in separate incidents.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.A22)
2002        Dec 12, North Korea said it was immediately activating the nuclear reactor at Yongbyon that was shut down in 1994, due to suspension of fuel deliveries.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 12, OPEC agreed to cut oil production by as much as 7%, well ahead of a seasonal decline.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.B1)

2002        Dec 13, President Bush announced he would take the smallpox vaccine along with U.S. military forces, but was not recommending the potentially risky inoculation for most Americans.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2002        Dec 13, Henry Kissinger resigned as head of the new commission to investigate the Sep 11 terror attacks.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 13, Pope John Paul II accepted the resignation, due to sex abuse, of Boston's Cardinal Bernard Law (71).
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A1)(AP, 12/13/07)
2002        Dec 13, Monsignor Ignatius Wang (68) of SF was named as an auxiliary bishop for the SF Archdiocese, the 1st US bishop of Asian ancestry.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 13, In Australia an attacker poured hydrochloric acid on the face and down the throat of Dominic Li, a Sydney suburban accountant. Li went into a coma and died three weeks later. In 2006 a man who helped arrange Li’s murder was sentenced to up to 18 years in jail.
    (Reuters, 2/17/06)
2002        Dec 13, In Colombia 2 bombs exploded in Bogota, one targeting a senator in his office and another hitting a luxury residential hotel where lawmakers stay. At least 16 people were wounded in the bombings.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2002        Dec 13, The EU reached agreement to accept 10 new countries in 2004. These included Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A3)
2002        Dec 13, Japan's ruling coalition agreed to tax reforms to revive the economy.
    (FT, 12/14/02, p.3)
2002        Dec 13, In northwest Liberia an overcrowded boat capsized, killing at least 48 people and leaving more than 100 others missing.
    (AP, 12/16/02)
2002        Dec 13, Hamas marked its 15th anniversary with a rally that drew some 30,000 supporters in southern Gaza.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A6)
2002        Dec 13, The U.N. Security Council condemned "acts of terror" against Israel in Kenya and deplored the claims of responsibility by the al-Qaida terror network.
    (AP, 12/13/03)

2002        Dec 14, Reid Hoffman co-founded LinkedIn, a Silicon Valley startup, to manage his own network of business contacts. The co-founders included Allen Blue, Eric Ly, Jean-Luc Vaillant, Lee Hower, Konstantin Guericke, Stephen Beitzel, David Eves, Ian McNish and Yan Pujante. In 2016 Microsoft agreed to acquire the company for $26.2 billion.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LinkedIn)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.76)(SFC, 6/14/16, p.A1)
2002        Dec 14, Sheik Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, the king of Bahrain, inaugurated the first parliament in nearly 30 years.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2002        Dec 14, Salman Raduyev (b.1967), the Chechen warlord who led a bloody 1996 raid on a Russian hospital that killed 78 people, died in a Russian hard labor camp while serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 12/15/02)
2002        Dec 14, Jordanian police announced the arrest of two alleged al-Qaida members in the October killing of American diplomat Laurence Foley.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2002        Dec 14, The Norwegian Tricolor, a cargo ship carrying nearly 2,900 luxury cars capsized and sank after colliding with the Bahamas-registered Kariba cargo ship in the English Channel. Tricolor carried 2,862 cars, high-end BMWs, Volvos and Saabs, and 77 other items, mainly tractors and large crane parts.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2002        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of South Koreans railed against the U.S. military and mourned two girls killed by American soldiers in a road accident.
    (Reuters, 12/14/02)

2002        Dec 15, Former VP Al Gore announced he would not seek the US presidency in 2004.
    (SFC, 12/16/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 15, Tens of thousands of Hong Kong people took part in one of the territory's biggest marches in years, denouncing plans for an anti-subversion law they fear will erode freedom and civil liberties.
    (Reuters, 12/15/02)
2002        Dec 15, India's ruling Hindu nationalists swept to victory in an election in the western state of Gujarat. The BJP won 125 of 182 seats.
    (Reuters, 12/15/02)(SFC, 12/16/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 15, Israel barred Palestinian Pres. Yasser Arafat from visiting Bethlehem for Christmas and decided to keep its army in the West Bank city over the holiday.
    (Reuters, 12/15/02)
2002        Dec 15, The Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy, was reopened to the public after a $27 million realignment that dragged on for over a decade.
    (AP, 12/15/02)
2002        Dec 15, Japan won golf's World Cup for the first time in 45 years.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2002        Dec 15, Troops in Nepal shot dead 11 Maoist rebels during gunbattles across the troubled Himalayan nation over the past 24 hours, while guerrillas killed a soldier in the west of the country.
    (Reuters, 12/15/02)
2002        Dec 15, In Venezuela hundreds of thousands of people marched through the capital demanding Pres. Chavez step down. The strike had cut oil output by at least 70%.
    (WSJ, 12/14/02, p.A12)(AP, 12/15/02)

2002        Dec 16, Pres. Bush named Thomas Kean, former Gov. of New Jersey,  to replace Henry Kissinger as head of the Sep. 11 investigation panel.
    (SFC, 12/17/02, p.A2)
2002        Dec 16, Senate Republican leader Trent Lott, in an interview on Black Entertainment Television, asked black Americans to forgive his seeming nostalgia for segregation.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2002        Dec 16, A jury in Baltimore acquitted former altar boy Dontee Stokes of attempted murder in the shooting of a Roman Catholic priest he'd claimed molested him a decade earlier.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2002        Dec 16, The EPA issued a water-pollution rule to cover animal waste from "factory farms."
    (WSJ, 12/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 16, It was reported that a severe drought ravaging most of Australia's rural sector will slash farm exports by 13 percent this fiscal year. Triggered by abnormal sea temperatures, El Nino was blamed for severe drought in Australia, which slashed crops and caused a liquidation of the nation's livestock. The drought continued thru 2005.
    (AP, 12/16/02)(AP, 5/24/05)
2002        Dec 16, Canada ratified the Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 treaty on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2002        Dec 16, French counter terrorism agents arrested 4 suspected Islamic militants in a Paris suburb. The three Algerians and a Moroccan had an unidentified liquid and an anti-contamination suit.
    (AP, 12/17/02)
2002        Dec 16, Israeli soldiers killed three Palestinians, including two armed Hamas fighters, and troops also destroyed 16 shacks, leaving more than 200 people homeless in confrontations in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/16/02)(SFC, 12/17/02, p.A13)

2002        Dec 17, U.S. President George W. Bush ordered the military to begin deploying a national missile defense system with land- and sea-based interceptor rockets to be operational starting in 2004.
    (Reuters, 12/17/02)(SFC, 12/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 17, In New York Gov. George Pataki signed a bill extending civil rights protections to gays and lesbians in the state.
    (SFC, 12/18/02, p.A3)
2002        Dec 17, Insurance and finance company Conseco Incorporated filed for Chapter Eleven protection in the third-largest bankruptcy in U.S. history.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2002        Dec 17, Playwright Frederick Knott (86), who wrote "Dial M For Murder" and "Wait Until Dark," died in NYC.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2002        Dec 17, Congo's government, rebels and political opposition signed a power-sharing agreement after four years of war and 2.5 million lives lost.
    (AP, 12/17/02)
2002        Dec 17, Iraqi exiles in London declared they want to build a "new Iraq" and agreed on a power-sharing plan that for the first time recognizes the political clout of Shiite Muslims, a majority in a nation long controlled by Sunni Muslims such as Saddam Hussein. Some delegates walked out of the London meeting warning of possible civil war if they were sidelined in any new government.
    (AP, 12/17/02)(Reuters, 12/17/02)
2002        Dec 17, Mohammed Jawad allegedly attacked US troops with a grenade. He was arrested and later transferred to Guantanamo Bay. US authorities claimed he was at least 16-years old at the time of his arrest, but it later emerged he may have been as young as 12.
    (SFC, 7/31/09, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohamed_Jawad)
2002        Dec 17, Malaysia won control of two tiny palm-fringed islands when the World Court ruled in its favor in a long-running dispute with Indonesia.
    (Reuters, 12/17/02)
2002        Dec 17, The Interfax news agency reported that Russia has lost 4,705 soldiers, officers and policemen in Chechnya since 1999.
    (AP, 12/18/02)

2002        Dec 18, Embattled Senate Republican leader Trent Lott sustained a double-barreled setback as Rhode Island Sen. Lincoln Chafee broke ranks to call for a change in party leadership and Secretary of State Colin Powell forcefully criticized Lott's controversial remarks on race.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2002        Dec 18, Robert Johnson, the billionaire founder of Black Entertainment Television, became the 1st African American to own a major sports team. The NBA awarded him rights to the expansion franchise in Charlotte.
    (SFC, 12/19/02, p.A2)
2002        Dec 18, In California Gov. Davis announced a $34.8 billion cash shortage over the next 18 months and that tax increases would be needed. A legislative analyst later assessed the deficit at $21 billion.
    (SFC, 12/19/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/8/03, p.A17)
2002        Dec 18, Conseco Corp. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
    (WSJ, 12/18/02, p.A3)
2002        Dec 18, At least 4 tornadoes hit Arkansas and Missouri and killed 3 people with 30 injured.
    (SFC, 12/19/02, p.A4)
2002        Dec 18, In Brazil a ferry accident on the Para River killed at least 22 people with 28 more believed missing. The death toll grew to 44.
    (AP, 12/19/02)(AP, 12/23/02)
2002        Dec 18, In Sudan a bus crashed and burst into flames after hitting a hole on an ill-maintained highway known as "the road of death," killing 30 people.
    (AP, 12/19/02)

2002        Dec 19, US Secretary of State Colin Powell declared Iraq in "material breach" of a U.N. disarmament resolution.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2002        Dec 19, U.N. weapons inspectors reported that Iraq's new arms declaration contained inconsistencies and contradictions and didn't answer key questions about its nuclear, chemical and biological programs.
    (AP, 12/19/02)
2002        Dec 19, Sen. Patty Murray of Washington told high school students that Osama bin Laden was popular in poor countries because of his charitable works and challenged the US to do the same.
    (SFC, 12/21/02, p.A3)
2002        Dec 19, Ten US brokerage firms agreed to pay $1.44 billion in fines to end investigations over misleading stock recommendations.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.A1)(SFC, 12/21/02, p.B1)
2002        Dec 19, After a prosecutor cited new DNA evidence, a judge in New York threw out the convictions of five young men in a 1989 attack on a Central Park jogger who had been raped and left for dead.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2002        Dec 19, A tornado in Newton, Mississippi, hit stores and injured at least 50 people. Gov. Musgrove declared a local state of emergency.
    (WSJ, 12/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 19, In Afghanistan a grenade attack in Kabul injured 4 people including 2 French citizens. 2 Afghan interpreters died from their wounds the next day.
    (SFC, 12/21/02, p.A9)
2002        Dec 19, In Cambodia some 1 million people participated in the transfer of some remains of Buddha from Phnom Penh to a new shrine in Oudong.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.A18)
2002        Dec 19, In India Maoist rebels killed 18 policemen in an ambush in a dense forest in the eastern state of Jharkhand.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 19, In the Ivory Coast rebels captured the city of Man in the coffee-rich west and vowed to continue their push until they reached the commercial capital, as French troops prepared to face them.
    (AP, 12/19/02)
2002        Dec 19, Suspected militants killed three young women (21-22) in their homes just days after posters appeared in India's Jammu and Kashmir state ordering women to wear a veil.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)   
2002        Dec 19, In South Korea elections Roh Moo-hyun (56) had 48.9 percent and Lee Hoi-chang 46.6 percent. Turnout among the nation's 35 million eligible voters was 70.2%.
    (AP, 12/19/02)
2002        Dec 19, In Pakistan Asif Ramzi, a member of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, died with 3 others in a covert bomb-making facility in Karachi.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.A24)
2002        Dec 19, It was reported that AIDS in Thailand infected 1 in 60 people and that by 2006 some 50,000 annual deaths would result from AIDS-related causes.
    (SFC, 12/19/02, p.A18)

2002        Dec 20, Trent Lott (61) of Mississippi stepped down as Senate Majority Leader two weeks after igniting a political firestorm with racially charged remarks. Sen. Bill Frist (50), a  Tennessee heart surgeon, was expected to replace him.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.A3)(SFC, 12/21/02, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/03)
2002        Dec 20, U.S. jets fired on two Iraqi air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone after an Iraqi jet entered the restricted air space.
    (AP, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 20, Ted Williams' eldest daughter, Bobby-Jo Williams Ferrell, dropped her objections to her siblings' decision to have the Hall of Famer's body frozen at a cryonics lab in Arizona.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2002        Dec 20, The US 10 biggest brokerages agreed to pay $1.44 billion and fundamentally change the way they did business to settle allegations they'd misled investors by hyping certain companies' stocks.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2002        Dec 20,  Grote Reber (90), a pioneer of radio astronomy died in Tasmania. He followed up Karl Jansky's 1933 announcement of the discovery of radio waves from space and in his spare time in 1937 built a 30-foot antenna dish, the 1st radio telescope, in his back yard in Wheaton, Ill., and managed to pick up signals two years later.
    (AP, 12/25/02)
2002        Dec 20, Canada's Supreme Court ruled that the book "One Dad, Two Dads, Brown Dad, Blue Dads" and others with gay themes cannot be banned from kindergarten classrooms of a Canadian school on religious grounds.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 20, Climbing energy prices pushed Canadian inflation to an 11-year high last month, well above the central bank's target range, but analysts said the steep inflation rate would not yet trigger higher interest rates.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 20, Colombia's senate extended a measure that gives the government emergency powers in its battle against outlawed armed groups. Suspected ELN rebels opened fire on a police station and set off a car bomb in an attack in eastern Colombia that left four people dead and 17 wounded.
    (AP, 12/21/02)
2002        Dec 20, The European Union agreed to cuts in its fleet and cod catch quotas, but ignored scientific advice to ban cod fishing altogether to save stocks from near extinction in EU waters.
    (AP, 12/20/02)
 2002        Dec 20, Pope John Paul II brought Mother Teresa (d.1997) closer to sainthood when he approved a miracle attributed to the nun.
    (AP, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 20, U.N. weapons inspectors put Iraq on notice that it must provide far more evidence about its weapons of mass destruction. Chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix urged the United States and Britain to hand over any evidence they have about Iraq's secret weapons programs so U.N. inspectors can check it on the ground. The US began sharing sensitive information with the UN.
    (AP, 12/20/02)(AP, 12/21/02)(SFC, 12/21/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 20, In Venezuela hundreds of thousands of whistle-blowing demonstrators demanding President Hugo Chavez's resignation took to the streets on the 19th day of a general strike.
    (AP, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 20, Yemeni security forces battled suspected al-Qaida members holed up in a building in a gunfight that left 2 policemen dead.
    (AP, 12/20/02)

2002        Dec 21, President Bush received a smallpox vaccination, fulfilling a promise he'd made when he ordered inoculations for about a-half million U.S. troops.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2002        Dec 21, In Oregon the bodies of Renee Morris (31), Bryant (10), Alexis (8), and Jonathan (4), were found by hunters in Tillamook State Forest. Edward Morris (37) was arrested Jan 4.
    (SSFC, 1/5/03, p.A7)
2002        Dec 21, Hank Lusetti (86), former Stanford all-American basketball player, died. Lusetti is credited with introducing the one-handed jump shot.
    (WSJ, 6/9/04, p.D8)( www.hoopville.net)
2002        Dec 21, In Afghanistan 6 people in a German military helicopter and up to eight on the ground were killed when the aircraft crashed before landing at an airport near the capital Kabul.
    (Reuters, 12/21/02)
2002        Dec 21, French forces opened fire on rebels in western Ivory Coast, trying to stop the insurgents from pushing past them toward the commercial capital Abidjan.
    (AP, 12/21/02)
2002        Dec 21, French television journalist, Patrick Bourrat, was struck while crossing the path of an incoming tank during US military exercises in Kuwait. Bourrat died the next day.
    (AP, 12/22/02)
2002        Dec 21, In southern India an express train jumped the tracks, killing at least 18 people and injuring 80.
    (Reuters, 12/21/02)
2002        Dec 21, In Pakistan 2 people were killed in Hyderabad when a bomb ripped through their bus.
    (Reuters, 12/21/02)
2002        Dec 21, An 11-year-old Palestinian girl died of a gunshot wound in the Gaza Strip, where Israeli troops reinforced a blockade.
    (AP, 12/21/02)
2002        Dec 21, In Qatar some Persian Gulf leaders opened a summit by calling for regional unity and fast inspections by U.N. experts searching for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/21/02)
2002        Dec 21, In Spain Jose Hierro (80), a poet who won the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary award while writing in a Madrid coffee shop, died.
    (AP, 12/21/02)

2002        Dec 22, Time magazine named Coleen Rowley, Cynthia Cooper and Sherron Watkins as Persons of the Year for their whistle-blowing efforts against the FBI, WorldCom and Enron.
    (SFC, 12/23/02, p.A2)
2002        Dec 22, Afghanistan's 6 neighbors (Iran, Pakistan, China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) agreed to halt meddling and signed a non-intervention agreement in Kabul.
    (SFC, 12/23/02, p.A3)
2002        Dec 22, Joe Strummer (50), lead singer of the legendary British punk band The Clash, died in Broomfield, England.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A2)(AP, 12/22/03)
2002        Dec 22, Suspected Colombian rebels blew up a bus carrying workers to a U.S.-run oil field, killing two and wounding 11.
    (AP, 12/23/02)
2002        Dec 22, In Guyana Desmond Hoyte (b.1929), former President (1985-1992) died.
    (AP, 12/30/02)
2002        Dec 22, In Lithuania Valdas Adamkus failed to get an absolute majority (35.2%) in national elections, forcing him into a Jan. 5 runoff with former Prime Minister Rolandas Paksas (19.8%).
    (AP, 12/23/02)
2002        Dec 22, Montenegro held presidential elections but voters failed to turn out in sufficient numbers.
    (AP, 12/22/02)(WSJ, 12/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 22, North Korea said it had begun removing U.N. monitoring equipment from a nuclear reactor at the centre of the communist state's suspected pursuit of nuclear weapons.
    (Reuters, 12/22/02)    
2002        Dec 22, In Spain tens of thousands of people marched in silence through the coastal city of Bilbao to demand the dissolution of the armed Basque separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 12/22/02)

2002        Dec 23, US Senate Republicans unanimously elected Bill Frist to succeed Trent Lott as their leader in the next Congress.
    (AP, 12/23/03)
2002        Dec 23, More than 100 Gabonese students took over their embassy in Senegal, trapping three diplomats overnight to protest unpaid scholarships.
    (AP, 12/24/02)
2002        Dec 23, Iraqi aircraft shot down a U.S. unmanned surveillance drone over southern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/23/02)
2002        Dec 23, In central Iran a Ukrainian An-140 aircraft, carrying Ukrainian and Russian aerospace scientists from Turkey, flew into a mountainside while preparing to land killing all 46 people on board. Airport officials said pilot "carelessness" caused the plane to crash.
    (AP, 12/24/02)
2002        Dec 23, Israeli troops killed two Hamas activists, including a leading militiaman, as the men rode a tractor near the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 12/23/02)
2002        Dec 23, North Korea dismantled UN surveillance cameras and broke locks on the Yangbyon reprocessing plant for spent nuclear fuel.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 23, More air traffic controllers joined a hunger strike in Siberia and other parts of the country as Russia's labor minister rejected their demand for a 30 percent pay increase.
    (AP, 12/23/02)    

2002        Dec 24, Laci Peterson (27) disappeared from her Modesto, Ca., neighborhood. She was 8-months pregnant. A reward for her return soon reached $500,000. On Jan 24 Amber Frey stepped forward and admitted to an affair with Scott Peterson, the husband of Laci. Laci’s body was found April 14 near the SF Bay Berkeley Marina, where Scott had gone fishing on Dec 24. [see Apr 18, 2003] Peterson convicted of 1st degree murder on Nov 12, 2004.
    (SSFC, 12/29/02, p.A23)(SFC, 1/25/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/12/04)
2002        Dec 24, Chinese pro-democracy activist Xu Wenli was released from a prison in Beijing and flown to the United States.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2002        Dec 24, Suspected members of Colombia's largest paramilitary group (AUC) killed two police officers and wounded another in southwest Colombia.
    (AP, 12/25/02)
2002        Dec 24, A brutal riot by prisoners in a jail outside Guatemala's capital left 18 inmates dead over two days, including one person by decapitation and 14 others who were burned to death.
    (AP, 12/25/02)
2002        Dec 24, In India's mainly Muslim state of Kashmir 4 civilians and 9 separatist guerrillas were killed in the latest rebel violence.
    (Reuters, 12/24/02)
2002        Dec 24, Saddam Hussein said in an address read on television that Iraqis were ready to fight a holy war against the United States.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2002        Dec 24, Israeli PM Sharon said Saddam Hussein had transferred chemical and biological weapons to Syria.
    (SFC, 12/25/02, p.A16)
2002        Dec 24, Israeli soldiers killed a Palestinian teenager in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/24/02)
2002        Dec 24, North Korea ratcheted up its standoff with Washington, starting repairs at a long-frozen nuclear reactor and warning that U.S. policy was leading to an "uncontrollable catastrophe" and the "brink of nuclear war."
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2002        Dec 24, In the southern Philippines a bomb believed planted by Muslim Moro rebels killed 16 people, including Mayor Saudie Ampatuan in Datu Piang.
    (AP, 12/24/02)(SFC, 12/25/02, p.A16)(WSJ, 12/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 24, In Somalia 3 unidentified gunmen opened fire on a school minibus in Mogadishu, killing four students and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 12/24/02)

2002        Dec 25, Andrew Whittaker of Hurricane, W. Va., won the Powerball lottery ticket for $314.9 million.
    (SFC, 12/30/02, p.A2)
2002        Dec 25, Katie Hnida became the first woman to play in a Division I football game when she attempted an extra point following a New Mexico touchdown in the Las Vegas Bowl. Hnida, a walk-on junior, had her kick blocked but by then she had already made history in the 27-13 loss to UCLA.
    (AP, 12/25/03)
2002        Dec 25,  A US winter storm left up to 3 feet of snow across the Northeast. The storm claimed 23 people in its weeklong march across the country.
    (WSJ, 12/26/02, p.A1)(AP, 12/25/03)
2002        Dec 25, In Chechnya 28 guerrillas laid down their weapons in Grozny. A pro-Russian party leader and at least 4 Russians were killed in the last 24 hrs.
    (SFC, 12/25/02, p.A17)
2002        Dec 25, Israeli troops killed a member of the militant Hamas group and arrested another in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 12/25/02)
2002        Dec 25, Russian air traffic controllers reached an agreement on wage increases paving the way for an end to a hunger strike that disrupted air travel.
    (AP, 12/25/02)
2002        Dec 25, In Pakistan a grenade killed a girl and two other worshippers at a church in the village of Chianwala, about 40 miles northwest of Lahore.
    (AP, 12/25/02)(WSJ, 12/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 25, Pope John Paul II delivered a Christmas message in which he said war had to be and could be avoided even in a world made fearful by terrorism.
    (AP, 12/25/03)

2002        Dec 26, Brigitte Boisselier, a chemist and head of Clonaid, said the world's first human clone, a 7-pound baby girl, was born by Caesarean section. She was associated with the Raelian religion, founded by Claude Vorilhon in 1973. The claim was subsequently dismissed by scientists for lack of proof.
    (AP, 12/27/02)(Reuters, 12/27/02)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A5)
2002        Dec 26, The Int'l. Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said North Korea had moved 1,000 fresh fuel rods to a nuclear reactor that produces plutonium used in nuclear warheads.
    (AP, 12/26/02)
2002        Dec 26, In Curtiba, Brazil, a C-95 Bandeirante air force plane crashed during an emergency landing, killing two people and injuring the other 14 people aboard.
    (AP, 12/26/02)
2002        Dec 26, Israeli soldiers hunting militiamen in the West Bank killed 9 Palestinians in separate clashes across the West Bank and Gaza.
    (AP, 12/26/02)(SFC, 12/27/02, p.A12)
2002        Dec 26, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim rebels killed 12 workers as they rode in a truck to a Canadian-owned mine. Extortion was suspected.
    (WSJ, 12/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 26, In Trinidad police reported that 4 people were slain over the Christmas holidays, bringing the number of killings to a record 164 this year.
    (AP, 12/26/02)

2002        Dec 27, Gov. Engler of Michigan signed a bill eliminating mandatory minimum sentences for drug crimes.
    (WSJ, 12/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 27, The hamlet of Bridgeville on Highway 36 in Humboldt County, Ca., was sold on Ebay for $1.77 million. The eBay deal failed and in 2004 Southern California investor purchased the 82-acre town for $700,000.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A3)(SFC, 5/21/04, p.B3)
2002        Dec 27, Keith Mackie-Harris and Jerry Duckworth were shot to death at a party in the 800 block of Campbell St. in Oakland, Ca. A gang called the Nut Cases was found responsible and gang members faced trial in 2006. In 2007 Joe Ralls (31) was sentenced to 23 years in prison for the killings.
    (SFC, 2/6/06, p.A11)(SFC, 5/12/07, p.B2)
2002        Dec 27, George Roy Hill (81), film director, died. His films included "The Sting" and "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid."
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 27, Argentine lawmakers approved the 2003 budget and ratified a new central bank chief, helping President Eduardo Duhalde's efforts to secure an aid agreement with the IMF.
    (AP, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, Chechen rebel suicide bombers rammed vehicles packed with a ton of explosives into the local government headquarters in Grozny, gutting the building and killing at least 83 people.
    (Reuters, 12/27/02)(AP, 12/28/02)(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 27, In Indonesia at least 9 people including two children were killed and 50 injured when heavy rain triggered a mud slide on Sumatra island.
    (Reuters, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, Palestinian gunmen killed 4 Israelis at the Otniel religious community near Hebron.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A9)
2002        Dec 27, In Kenya political veteran Mwai Kibaki (71), head of an opposition alliance that promised to fight corruption and revive Kenya's ailing economy, won the elections  over Uhuru Kenyatta 62% to 31%. The opposition alliance won 125 of 210 elective seats in the National Assembly, breaking the ruling party's 39-year grip on power. Kibaki promised to curb corruption.
    (AP, 12/28/02)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A11)(AP, 1/2/03)(Econ, 12/18/04, p.65)
2002        Dec 27, A defiant North Korea ordered U.N. nuclear inspectors to leave the country and said it would restart a laboratory capable of producing plutonium for nuclear weapons. But the U.N. nuclear watchdog said its inspectors were "staying put" for the time being.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2002        Dec 27, In Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 7 people were killed and 26 injured when a container of fireworks exploded, detonating a gas tank in the Dordoi market.
    (AP, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, Poland announced it will buy 48 U.S.-made F-16 jet fighters from Lockheed Martin for $3.5 billion to upgrade its air force to NATO standards.
    (AP, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, Russia said it will no longer accept US Peace Corps volunteers, after suggesting the workers were spying.
    (AP, 12/27/02)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A11)
2002        Dec 27, Uruguay's Congress approved a plan to merge 3 major banks verging on insolvency amid the country's economic crisis.
    (AP, 12/27/02)

2002        Dec 28, US federal unemployment benefits ended for nearly 800,000.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A5)
2002        Dec 28, In Yerevan, Armenia, Tigran Nagdalian, chief of the leading TV station was shot and killed. In October, Mark Grigorian, deputy head of the Caucasus Institute for Mass Media, suffered lung and head injuries in a grenade attack.
    (AP, 12/29/02)
2002        Dec 28, Iraq delivered a list to UN officials naming over 500 scientists who have worked on nuclear, chemical, biological and missile programs.
    (AP, 12/28/02)
2002        Dec 28, Israeli troops clashed with Palestinian university students, a day after four Israelis died in a Palestinian attack on Jewish seminary students.
    (AP, 12/28/02)
2002        Dec 28, Libyan soldiers ended a yearlong deployment to protect the Central African Republic government against a string of coup attempts. They were to be replaced by troops from Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon and Mali.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 28, The U.N. nuclear agency said its inspectors would leave North Korea early next week after the communist state said it would expel them and press on with its nuclear plans.
    (Reuters, 12/28/02)
2002        Dec 28, In Yemen a gunman shot and killed Jarallah Omar, a senior politician, after Omar spoke as a guest at an Islamic party's congress at San'a.
    (AP, 12/28/02)

2002        Dec 29, Secretary of State Colin Powell, making the rounds of the Sunday television talk shows, said there was still time to find a diplomatic resolution to North Korea's development of nuclear weapons, and that the situation hadn't yet reached the crisis stage.
    (AP, 12/29/03)
2002        Dec 29, Israeli soldiers fired toward Palestinian protesters in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, killing an 11-year-old boy and wounding a cameraman on assignment for AP TV News.
    (AP, 12/29/02)
2002        Dec 29, Cyclone Zoe hit the Solomon Islands' Tikopia, Fataka and Anuta islands, with the eye of the cyclone sweeping over Tikopia. The islanders survived and aid arrived Jan 5.
    (AP, 12/30/02)(AP, 1/5/03)

2002        Dec 30, Mary Brian (96), film star born as Louise Byrdie Dantzler, died. She had appeared in 82 films between 1924 and 1947.
    (SFC, 1/4/03, p.A15)
2002        Dec 30, China launched its Shenzhou IV spacecraft in a test launch to prepare for manned space voyages.
    (SFC, 12/30/02, p.A8)
2002        Dec 30, In England Mary Wesley (90), who published her first novel when she was 70 and went on to produce a string of slightly racy best sellers, died. Her books included "The Camomile Lawn" and "A Sensible Life." In 2006 Patrick Marnham authored “Wild Mary: The Life of Mary Wesley."
    (AP, 12/31/02)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.87)
2002        Dec 30, In Greece Dora Bakoyianni (48) was sworn in as the mayor of Athens, the first woman ever to hold the post.
    (AP, 12/30/02)
2002        Dec 30, A fire broke out in an Iranian prison, killing 27 prisoners and injuring 50 others.
    (AP, 12/30/02)
2002        Dec 30, British and US warplanes flying multiple missions attacked Iraq air defense facilities after an Iraqi fighter jet penetrated the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 30, In Chechnya rebels staged attacks on pro-Moscow forces and killed 4 people in Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/31/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 30, Israeli soldiers killed three Palestinians, including a gunman, while Israel's Supreme Court ruled that reserve soldiers have no right to refuse service in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Border policemen Shahar Botbeka and Denis Alhazov and 2 others abducted several Hebron residents, among them 17-year-old Amran Abu Hamadiya, and took them for a ride in their jeep. They abused the men and beat them with truncheons and rifles. They hurled Abu Hamadiya out of the moving vehicle, causing his death. In 2008 Botbeka and Alhazov  were convicted of manslaughter for their part in the kidnapping and wrongful death of Hamadiya.
    (AP, 12/30/02)(www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1017498.html)
2002        Dec 30,  In the Ivory Coast a rebel helicopter bombing killed 12 civilians and injured several more.
    (AP, 1/2/03)
2002        Dec 30, Turkmenistan's high court rapidly convicted and sentenced Boris Shikhmuradov, a former foreign minister, to 25 years in prison for plotting an attempt to kill Pres. Niyazov. Loyalists increased the sentence to life.
    (AP, 12/30/02)
2002        Dec 30, The UN passed a resolution by a 13-0 vote with Russia and Syria abstaining that put new limits on Iraq for purchases of certain communications equipment and antibiotics.
    (AP, 1/2/03)
2002        Dec 30, In Yemen a suspected Muslim extremist, hiding his gun cradled like a baby, slipped into the Jibla Baptist Hospital and opened fire, killing three American missionaries: Dr. Martha Myers (57), William Koehn (60), and Kathleen Gariety (53). A 4th was seriously wounding. Abed Abdul Razak Kamel was sentenced to death in May for killing the missionaries. Kamel was executed on Feb 27, 2006.
    (AP, 12/30/02)(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A4)(AP, 12/30/03)(AP, 2/27/06)

2002        Dec 31, President Bush told reporters an attack by Saddam Hussein or a terrorist ally "would cripple our economy."
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2002        Dec 31, Paul O’Neill (b.1935), the 72nd treasury secretary (2001-2002) under Pres. George W. Bush, was replaced by John Snow. O’Neill had disagreed with the Bush’s deficit- boosting tax cuts. In 2004 journalist Ron Suskind authored “The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of Paul O'Neill", describing the Bush administration during O'Neill's tenure.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.46)
2002        Dec 31, US executions for the year rose from 66 to71 with 33 in Texas.
    (SSFC, 12/29/02, p.A3)
2002        Dec 31, Australia's asylum seeker detention centers were in turmoil following an attempted mass breakout and riot in a Sydney centre, an armed stand off at another and fires burning in two.
    (Reuters, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 31, In China a German-designed magnetic-levitation train hit 260 mph on its maiden run between Shanghai and Pudong airport.
    (SFC, 1/1/03, p.A10)
2002        Dec 31, Two U.N. nuclear inspectors expelled by North Korea arrived in China, leaving the communist nation's nuclear program isolated from international scrutiny.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2002        Dec 31, In Colombia at least 12 people, including eight civilians, were killed in attacks by suspected rebels around the country.
    (AP, 1/1/03)
2002        Dec 31, Mexico City's only English-language newspaper, The News, shut down along with its sister Spanish-language publication, Novedades, after more than 50 years in operation.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 31, In Mexico illegal fireworks stands ignited in the port city of Veracruz as revelers thronged a marketplace to buy New Year's supplies. The blaze quickly engulfed an entire city block and killed at least 28 people.
    (AP, 1/1/03)
2002        Dec 31, In Puerto Rico police recaptured one of five convicts who escaped from prison when a helicopter swooped into their maximum security compound and spirited them away.
    (AP, 12/31/02)

2002        Dec, In Fort Worth, Texas, the $65 million Modern Art Museum, opened. It was designed by Tadao Ando of Japan.
    (WSJ, 12/17/02, p.D8)
2002        Dec, In Afghanistan two inmates died one week apart at the Bagram prison near Kabul. They were officially said to have died of natural causes but an enquiry later revealed that they had been beaten, deprived of sleep and kept constantly chained.
    (AFP, 1/9/10)
2002        Dec, China signed a preliminary agreement with Indonesia aimed at halting the trade in illegal logs. A UN analysis of timber statistics for 2002 showed China's reported import of logs from Indonesia to be 200 times higher that the figures reported by Indonesian customs.
    (WSJ, 12/23/03, p.A12)
2002        Dec, Gunmen hired by Ricardo Salinas Pliego, owner of TV Azteca, took control of a small UHF TV station in Mexico City.
    (WSJ, 2/27/04, p.A1)
2002        Dec, Two thieves broke in through the roof of the Vincent van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam and stole two paintings by van Gogh valued at $30 million. The men were convicted a year later. In 2016 the two paintings were recovered by Italian police investigating suspected Italian mobsters for cocaine trafficking. On March 21, 2017, they were put back on display.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(AP, 3/21/17)
2002        Dec, In Romania Kurt W. Treptow of Miami Beach, Fl., was sentenced to the maximum of seven years in for offenses involving two girls, ages 10 and 13, whom he invited into his home in Iasi. A Romanian woman was also convicted of being his accomplice. Treptow was released in 2007 after writing a book entitled "The life and Times of Vlad Dracul" while in prison.
    (AP, 2/27/07)
2002        Dec, In Uganda Nile Breweries, owned by SABMiller began selling a new kind of clear lager-like beer called Eagle. Industrial enzymes were used to convert starches in sorghum to sugars. It sold well and expanded to other countries in the region.
    (Econ, 7/12/03, p.59)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.61)

2002        Amir Aczel authored "Entanglement: The Greatest Mystery in Physics."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M3)
2002        Clara Bingham and Laura Leedy Gansler authored "Class Action: The Story of Lois Jenson and the Landmark Case That Changed Sexual Harassment Law."
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.M6)
2002        Philip Bobbit, American professor of Law, authored “The Shield of Achilles: War peace and the Course of History."
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.87)
2002        Paul Blustein authored "The Chastening," an examination of the IMF throughout the 1990s.
    (WSJ, 4/18/02, p.D7)
2002        H.W. Brands authored “The Age of Gold: The California Gold Rush and the New American Dream."
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.41)
2002        Reuven Brenner authored "The Force of Finance: The Triumph of Capital Markets." A study of world finance that examines economic growth and the flow of capital. "Attitude beats latitude."
    (WSJ, 6/13/02, p.D11)
2002        Robert A. Caro authored "Lyndon Johnson: Master of the Senate," the 3rd volume of his 4-Vol. biography of Johnson that included "The Path to Power" (1982) and "Means of Ascent" (1990). Caro published Volume 4, the Passage of Power, in 2012.
    (WSJ, 5/1/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 5/5/02, p.M2)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.80)
2002        John Cassidy authored "Dot.Con: The Greatest Story Ever Sold."
    (WSJ, 2/1/02, p.AW8)
2002        Christopher Chant authored "A Century of Triumph: The History of Aviation."
    (WSJ, 11/1/02, p.W10)
2002        The "Harvard Design School Guide to Shopping" was edited by Chuihua Judy Chung, Jeffrey Inaba, Rem Koolhaas and Sze Tsung Leong. "Not only is shopping melting into shopping, but everything is melting into shopping."
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, p.M6)
2002        Eliot A. Cohen authored "Supreme Command: Soldiers, Statesmen and Leadership in Wartime." He covered how Lincoln, Churchill, Clemenceau and Ben-Gurion handled the military men that served them.
    (WSJ, 6/27/02, p.D9)
2002        Richard Cohen authored "A History of Gladiators, Musketeers, Samurai, Swashbucklers and Olympic Champions."
    (SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M3)
2002        Tyler Cowen authored "Creative Destruction: How Globalization Is Changing the World's Cultures."
    (WSJ, 12/12/02, p.D10)
2002        Curt Coughlin authored "Saddam: King of Terror."
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.M1)
2002        Michael Crichton authored "Prey," an novel that portrayed a mayhem of nanotechnology mixed with biotechnology.
    (WSJ, 11/22/02, p.W10)
2002        Devra Davis authored "When Smoke Ran Like Water: Tales of Environmental Deception and the Battle Against Pollution."
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M5)
2002        Richard Duncan authored the first edition of “The Dollar Crisis." He argued that the Bretton Woods financial system had led to huge global imbalances and a credit bubble that would end in collapse.
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.67)
2002        Orlando Figes authored "Natasha's Dance: A Cultural History of Russia."
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.M6)
2002        Richard Florida authored “The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure, Community And Everyday Life."
    (Econ, 9/10/11, SR p.10)
2002        Dr. P.M. Forni, an Italian immigrant, authored “Choosing Civility: The Twenty-five Rules of Considerate Conduct." The book was adopted by Columbia, Maryland, a city founded as an experiment in urban idealism.
    (WSJ, 4/5/08, p.A1)
2002        Carlos Fuentes published his novel “La silla del aguila," in Mexico. In 2006 an English translation by Kristina Cordero was published as “The Eagle’s Throne."
    (SSFC, 5/27/06, p.M1)
2002        Francis Fukuyama authored "Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution," a warning against the potentials of the new biotech marvels. He identifies "Factor X" as the essence of human nature and defines it as: "the capacity to combine reason, language, moral choice and emotions in ways that produce politics, art and religion.'
    (WSJ, 4/9/02, p.D19)(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.M1)
2002        John Lewis Gaddis authored "The Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past."
    (SSFC, 12/15/02, p.M7)
2002        Lou Gerstner (b.1942)), former CEO of IBM (1993-2002), authored, "Who Says Elephants Can't Dance," an account of his leadership at IBM.
    (SFC, 11/18/02, p.E1)(Econ, 10/25/08, SR p.13)
2002        Larry Gonick authored "The Cartoon History of the Universe III: From the Rise of Arabia to the Renaissance."
    (SSFC, 12/1/02, p.M4)
2002        Stephen Jay Gould authored "The Structure of Evolutionary Theory," an elaboration of his punctuated equilibrium theory, an update of Darwin's evolutionary ideas.
    (SSFC, 4/14/02, p.M1)
2002        Thomas Hine authored "I Want That: How We All Became Shoppers," a cultural history of shopping.
    (SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M1)
2002        Alistaire Horne authored "Seven Ages of Paris," a history of the city.
    (SSFC, 12/1/02, p.M6)
2002        Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz authored "Rereading Sex: Battles over Sexual Knowledge and suppression in Nineteenth-Century America.
    (SSFC, 9/8/02, p.M2)
2002        Richard Hunter authored “World without Secrets: Business, Crime and Privacy in the Age of Ubiquitous Computing."
    (http://tinyurl.com/4c9c2lo)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.77)
2002        John Judis and Ruy Teixeira authored “The Emerging Democratic Majority."
    (Econ, 7/16/16, p.18)
2002        Merritt Lerley authored "Wondrous Contrivances," a history of technological progress.
    (WSJ, 2/27/02, p.A18)
2002        Derrick Jensen authored "The Culture of Make Believe," a look at the consequences of Western civilization's relentless quest for money.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.M6)
2002        Roger Kimbell authored "The Lives of the Mind: The Use and Abuse of Intelligence from Hegel to Wodehouse."
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.W17)(WSJ, 11/7/02, p.D8)
2002        Andrew Kimbrell edited "Fatal Harvest: The Tragedy of Industrial Agriculture," an encyclopedia of what's gone wrong with how we provide food in the modern world.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.M6)
2002        Robin Kirk authored "More Terrible Than Death," an account of the violence in Colombia.
    (WSJ, 1/16/03, p.D8)
2002        Peter Kivy authored "The Possessor and the Possessed," in which he explores the philosophical ideas about creativity.
    (WSJ, 1/17/02, p.A12)
2002        James Howard Kunstler authored "The City in Mind," a comparison of Europe's urban centers with those in the US.
    (WSJ, 1/7/02, p.A1)
2002        Eka Kurniawan (b.1975), Indonesian novelist, authored “Cantik Itu Luka" (Beauty is a Wound). An English translation by Anni Tucker was published in 2015.
    (Econ, 1/23/16, p.75)
2002        Mark Kurlansky authored "Salt: A World History."
    (SSFC, 1/27/02, p.M6)
2002        American journalist David Lamb (1940-2016) authored “Vietnam, Now: A Reporter Returns."
    (SFC, 6/8/16, p.D5)
2002        Mario Livio authored "The Golden Ratio: The Story of Phi, the World's Most Astonishing Number." Also known as the golden mean of golden section, phi represents the following relationship of 2 lines in a plane figure: A is to B as B is to the sum of A and B.
    (WUD, 1994 p.607)(SSFC, 12/1/02, p.M4)
2002        Sandra Mackey authored "The Reckoning: Iraq and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein."
    (SSFC, 6/30/02, p.M1)
2002        Adeline Yen Mah authored "A Thousand Pieces of Gold: A Memoir of China's Past Through Its Proverbs."
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.M1)
2002        David Matsumoto authored "The New Japan: Debunking Seven Cultural Stereotypes."
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.M5)
2002        William McDonough and Michael Braungart authored “Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things."
    (Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.26)
2002        Colin McGinn authored "The Making of a Philosopher: My Journey Through 20th Century Philosophy."
    (SSFC, 5/12/02, p.M2)(WSJ, 5/21/02, p.D7)
2002        Midori, a San Francisco sex educator, authored “The Seductive Art of Japanese Bondage."
    (SSFC, 2/10/08, p.F3)
2002        "The Sexual Life of Catherine M." by Catherine Millet was published in the US following a successful introduction in France.
    (NW, 5/27/02, p.70)
2002        Ed Moloney authored “A Secret History of the IRA."
    (SSFC, 3/27/17, p.C9)
2002        Joshua Muravchik authored "Heaven On Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism." He traced the history of socialism through the notable devotees of collective ownership: Marx, Engels, Lenin etc.
    (WSJ, 4/1/02, p.A10)
2002        Lt. Col. John Nagl authored “Learning to Eat with a Knife: Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam.
    (WSJ, 3/20/06, p.A1)
2002        Marion Nestle authored “Food Politics". It became a bible for those who bewail the power of food companies.
    (Econ, 11/28/15, p.75)
2002        Susan Nieman authored "Evil in Modern Thought." It included a look at the philosophical traditions with respect to moral sense.
    (WSJ, 9/3/02, p.D8)
2002        Mark A. Noll authored "America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln," a treatment of American religious thought and the genesis of American civilization.
    (WSJ, 12/17/02, p.D8)
2002        Michael Novak authored "On Two Wings: Humble Faith and Common Sense at the American Founding."
    (WSJ, 2/4/02, p.A14)
2002        Joseph S. Nye authored "The Paradox of American Power: Why the World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone."
    (SSFC, 3/24/02, p.M4)
2002        Kristen O’Hara authored “Sex as Nature Intended It." O’Hara claimed that women are more likely to enjoy intercourse if their male partner is uncircumcised.
    (SSFC, 7/15/07, p.F3)
2002        The family of Christopher Paolini (18) self-published his book "Eragon" before it captivated a young stepson of author Carl Hiassen, who brought the book to the attention of his publisher. "Eragon" was republished in 2003 by Random House's Alfred A. Knopf Books for Young Readers. Paolini was home-schooled in Montana.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2002        Kevin Phillips authored "Wealth and Democracy: A Political History of the American Rich," in which he traced the progress of corruption, luxury and speculation in America.
    (WSJ, 5/15/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 6/2/02, p.M1)
2002        Steven Pinker authored "The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature," an examination of human nature and the political implications that follow the explication of human behavior.
    (WSJ, 9/26/02, p.D10)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M2)
2002        Ellen Joan Pollock authored "The Pretender: How Martin Frankel Fooled the Financial World…"
    (WSJ, 1/7/02, p.C1)
2002        Kenneth M. Pollack authored "The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq."
    (WSJ, 10/10/02, p.D10)
2002        Richard Porter authored “The Economics of Waste."
    (Econ, 2/28/09, SR p.6)
2002        Richard A. Possner, federal judge, authored "Public Intellectuals," a critical look at current intellectuals.
    (WSJ, 1/15/02, p.A14)
2002        Konstantin Pulikovsky, a Russian representative in North Korea, authored "Orient Express," a book on Kim Jong Il's journeys to Russia.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.J3)
2002        Ahmed Rashid, author of "Taliban," authored "The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia."
    (SSFC, 3/3/02, p.M1)
2002        Jasper Ridley authored "The Freemasons: A History of the World's Most Powerful Secret Society."
    (WSJ, 2/6/02, p.A16)
2002        David Rieff authored "A Bed for the Night: Humanitarianism in Crisis," a history of humanitarianism.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.M5)
2002        Mark Robichaux authored "Cable Cowboy: John Malone and the Rise of the Modern Cable Business."
    (WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)
2002        Olivier Roy authored “Globalised Islam: The Search for a New Ummah." 1st published in French, an updated English version came out in 2004.
    (Econ, 10/16/04, p.79)
2002        Matthew Scully authored "Dominion: The Power of Man, the suffering of Animals, and the Call to Mercy," in which he pleaded for the humane treatment of animals.
    (WSJ, 10/30/02, p.D8)
2002        Peter Schweizer authored "Reagan's War: The Epic Story of His Forty-Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism." Peter J. Wallison authored the biography "Ronald Reagan."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M6)(WSJ, 12/24/02, p.D4)
2002        George Soros authored "On Globalization."
    (WSJ, 3/14/02, p.B1)
2002        Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel Prize winner (2001), authored "Globalization and Its Discontents," in which he explains how the IMF affects the world.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.M5)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.78)
2002        Joe Studwell authored "The China Dream," the story of American business woes in China over the last 700 years.
    (WSJ, 3/19/02, p.A20)
2002        Charles Taylor authored "Varieties of Religion Today," an update on the 1902 book by William James.
    (WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A16)
2002        Dick Teresi authored "Lost Discoveries: The Ancient Roots of Modern Science—from the Babylonians to the Maya."
    (WSJ, 12/11/02, p.D8)
2002        Elijah Wald authored "Narcocorrido: A Journey Into the Music of Drugs, Guns and Guerrillas."
    (WSJ, 3/20/02, p.A20)
2002        Stuart Walton authored "Out of It: A Cultural History of Intoxication." It was survey of drug use and misuse over the last 6,000 years.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.M4)
2002        Rick Warren, Texas evangelical preacher, authored his multi-million seller “The Purpose Driven Life." It became the best-selling hardcover in American history.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.31)(WSJ, 1/27/08, p.B8)(WSJ, 1/27/08, p.B8)
2002        James D. Watson authored "Genes, Girls and Gamow: After the Double Helix."
    (SSFC, 2/10/02, p.M2)
2002        Stephen R. Weisman authored “The Great Tax Wars," a survey of the US income tax since 1913.
    (WSJ, 9/25/02, p.D8)
2002        Robert Whitaker authored "Mad in America: Bad Science, Bad Medicine and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill."
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.F5)
2002        Robert Wiebe authored “Who We Are: A History of Popular Nationalism."
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.72)
2002        Bernard Williams authored "Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy." It tempered the postmodernist line that "truth expresses no more than the power of some individual or group to impose its view of things on everyone else."
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.M2)
2002        Michael Williams, British geographer, authored “Deforesting the Earth: From Prehistory to Global Crisis, An Abridgment."
2002        Edward O. Wilson authored "The Future of Life," a discussion of the biodiversity crises.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.M2)
2002        Caroline Winterer authored "The Culture of Classicism," a history of the study of classicism in America during the 18th and 19th centuries.
    (WSJ, 1/28/02, p.A13)
2002        Stephen Wolfram (42) authored "A New Kind of Science." He expanded on the idea that very simple rules can generate extremely complicated results." It included insights from computer technology to explain everything.
    (SFC, 5/27/02, p.59)(SFC, 7/1/02, p.A4)
2002        Patrick Wright authored "Tank: The Progress of a Monstrous War Machine."
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.M6)

2002        The documentary film “Daughter from Danang" was created by Gail Dolgin (d.2010 at 65). The film was about the reunion of an Asian American woman and her mother in Vietnam, separated in the 1975 “Operation Babylift."
    (SFC, 10/22/10, p.D9)

2002        The Spanish pop song "Asereje" (The Ketchup Song), by the Munoz sisters (Lola, Lucia and Pilar Munoz) became a hit.
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)

2002        A group of scientists and former astronauts formed the B612 Foundation, named after the home asteroid of Saint Exupery’s little prince. Their goal was to develop a way to alter the coarse of an asteroid  that might be on a collision course with Earth.
    (Econ, 10/2/04, p.80)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.73)(http://b612foundation.org/media/faqs/)

2002        The Transglobal Secure Collaboration Program (TSCP) was founded as concerns of data leakage, intellectual property protection, and export control compliance began to rise. It was a cooperative effort by the leading defense and aerospace firms, supported by the US Department of Defense (DoD) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) to develop a framework of policies and mechanisms to enable secure collaboration across multiple jurisdictions.

2002        Heinz introduced the upside down squeezable ketchup bottle.
    (AH, 6/07, p.11)

2002        The 1st Int’l. knitting contest was held in NYC. The winner managed 180 stitches in 3 minutes.
    (WSJ, 2/28/05, p.A1)

2002        Pres. Bush unveiled a new fund called the Millennium Challenge Account to fund honest governments pursuing sound economic policies. Its 1st grant, made to Madagascar on Apr 18, 2005, was for $110 million.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.75)

2002        The US government began taping the mobile phone of Angela Merkel, head Germany’s Christian Democratic Union. This continued after she became chancellor in 2005 and only stopped in 2013.
    (Econ, 11/9/13, p.60)

2002        The USDA approved definitions and standards regarding organic wines for domestic winemakers and imported wine, effective with the 2003 vintage.
    (WSJ, 5/12/06, p.W6)

2002        The US Food and Drug Administration warned in 2002 of a "rare" but potential risk of severe liver injury associated with products containing kava, a South Pacific root ground to powder, mixed with water and then strained. Its effects include a mild numbing of the tongue and lips, relaxation and euphoria. Exports from Fiji alone more than doubled from 2012-16.
    (AFP, 2/1/18)

2002        CLS, a US bank-owned institution, was launched to eliminate settlement risks.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.81)

2002         Steve Madden was convicted of stock manipulation, money laundering and securities fraud. He was sentenced to 41 months in prison. Madden had to resign as CEO of Steven Madden Ltd , the company he founded in 1990 with just $1,100 in the bank. He remained the company's creative and design chief. In 2019 published a memoir, “The Cobbler: How I Disrupted an Industry, Fell From Grace & Came Back Stronger Than Ever," about his experiences building his company, his conviction, prison time and recovery from drug addiction.
    (AP, 1/4/21)

2002        Alabama’s William E. Donaldson Correctional Facility began a meditation program. The Vispassana program had been successfully used in India for decades, but was soon shut down over concerns by Christians that it was some sort of evangelical Buddhism. The program was re-instated in 2006 and by had 2007 led to 20% fewer disciplinary actions at the prison.
    (SFC, 2/3/11, p.A12)

2002        In Arizona Steven Dyer was convicted of 13 counts of child molestation. Dyer went on the run. He was captured in 2012 in Montreal and turned over to US authorities.
    (SFC, 2/24/12, p.A2)

2002        In SF the 26-story condomium project at 400 Beale St. was completed. In 2013 the asking price for a top floor, 3-bedroom penthouse was $2.75 million.
    (SFC, 11/6/13, p.C4)
2002        The Brisbane, California, Educational Support Team (BEST) commissioned a mural as a fundraiser for local schools. It was designed and painted by Mona Caron. The main image shows the local native flora, with San Bruno Mountain in the background.
2002        The Fraud Discovery Institute of San Diego, Ca., co-founded by Barry Minkow (b.1967), former CEO of ZZZZ Best (1982-1987), released its first software product. Minkow was himself convicted of fraud in 1987 and served 7 years in prison (1988-1995).
2002        In San Francisco Dave Eggers opened 826 Valencia, a nonprofit writing and tutoring center for youth. The idea was later replicated in half a dozen cities nationwide.
    (SFC, 11/24/09, p.A12)
2002        San Francisco’s MUNI planned to have completed a 150-room boutique hotel and shopping complex across from the Ferry Building.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A17)
2002        San Francisco sent the Murphy windmill cap in golden Gate park to the Netherlands for restoration.
    (SFC, 6/26/02, p.A18)
2002        In San Francisco St. John’s Evangelical Lutheran Church at 3134 22nd St. was sold for $2.5 million the United Int’l. World Buddhism Assoc. The church dated back to the 1900s.
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.B5)

2002        The snakehead fish was first seen in Maryland, after an 18-inch adult was caught in a local pond. The powerful fish has no natural predators in the region and is also a determined survivalist, surviving for up to four days on land. It has since migrated to the nearby Potomac River and its tributaries. In 2012 the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Inland Fisheries (DNR) offered $200 gift cards through Bass Pro Shops to residents who capture and kill a snakehead.

2002        Olin College, an engineering university in Needham, Mass., began operating. It was set up with a $460 million grant from the Franklin W. Olin Foundation.
    (Econ, 6/25/16, p.54)
2002        In Massachusetts a US marshal knocked on the door of Lithuanian immigrant Vladas Zajanckauskas (b.1915) to serve him with papers alleging he was a high-ranking noncommissioned officer in a Nazi training camp who took part in one of the most heinous massacres of World War II, the 1943 liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto. Zajanckauskas denied having been in Warsaw.
    (www.evri.com/person/vladas-zajanckauskas-0xad165)(SSFC, 4/4/10, Par. p.5)
2002        In Michigan the emerald ash borer, a flying metallic green beetle, was discovered. It destroyed healthy ash trees in 3-5 years and by 2013 had spread to at least 17 other states.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.34)

2002        John P. Rogers (b.1966), a failing entrepreneur from Minnesota, founded Pay By Touch in San Francisco, a firm seeking to use biometric authentication to transform how America pays its bills. Rogers had a record of cocaine abuse that went back to his time in Minnesota. By 2007 the firm failed following investments of some $340 million.
    (SSFC, 12/7/08, p.A1)

2002        In Nevada Jeremiah Miller was robbed, killed and dismembered at a Las Vegas hotel. In 2007 Scott Raymond Dozier was sentenced to death for killing Miller, who had come to Nevada to buy ingredients for making meth.
    (SFC, 7/12/18, p.A14)

2002        In New York City theTribeca film festival was co-founded by Robert De Niro.
    (Econ 5/6/17, p.78)
2002        Mayor Michael Bloomberg took charge of NYC’s school system. He soon opened 15 small high schools. In 2003 he got money from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help open 169 more.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.41)

2002        Ohio launched its Third Frontier program, a visionary initiative within the Department of Development to firmly establish the state as an innovation leader. With a 10-year initial life and a bipartisan commitment of $1.6 billion, the Ohio Third Frontier expands the state's high-tech research capabilities that are designed to accelerate the pace of commercialization within Ohio.

2002        In Utah Waldo Wilcox deeded his Range Creek Canyon lands to the public for $2.5 million as part of a conservation deal. He had sold the property to the Trust for Public Land in 2001 for $2.5 million.
    (WSJ, 1/31/06, p.B6)(Sm, 3/06, p.70)

2002        Architect Frank Gehry founded Gehry Technologies. The company developed software based on the CATIA product design tool by Dassault Systems, and later marketed it as Digital Project, a building information modeling (BIM) tool.
    (Econ, 6/7/08, TQ p.20)

2002        Carl Schramm took over as head of the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, based in Kansas City, Missouri.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.72)

2002        eBay bought PayPal for $1.5 billion in shares.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, p.71)(Econ, 3/24/07, p.78)
2002        Bram Cohen created BitTorrent, an online file sharing program. It increased the download time for large files by breaking them into pieces and reassembling them on arrival.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.F3)
2002        Friendster pioneered social networking via Web sites. It was funded by entrepreneur Jonathan Abrams. In 2006 Friendster was granted a patent covering “a method and apparatus for calculating, displaying and acting upon relationships in a social network."
    (WSJ, 7/27/06, p.B1)
2002        Yahoo acquired Inktomi.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)

2002        Hewlett-Packard introduced the 1st rewritable DVD system compatible with standard DVD players.
    (SFC, 1/13/01, p.A15)

2002        The average CEO in the US earned 282 times the salary of an average worker. In 1982 the ratio was 42 to 1.
    (WSJ, 4/12/04, p.R11)

2002        Losses for the 9 biggest US airlines totaled 11.2 billion for the year.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)

2002        NASA removed 5 of 9 safety panel members and 2 consultants following a report that safety problems loomed if the agency's budget was not increased.
    (SSFC, 2/3/03, p.A1)
2002        NASA said yes to a $2.5 billion plan for a successor to the Hubble space telescope, launched in 1990, that would use infra-red, rather than visible light, to be ready in 2010. By 2011 the James Webb space telescope, now costing $8.8 billion, was still in the workshop with an estimated launch in 2018.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.94)

2002        Eckard Wimmer (b.1936), a professor of molecular genetics and microbiology at New York's Stony Brook University, took an array of non-living chemicals and built a virion from scratch. Virions have the ability to get themselves reproduced by infecting cells.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eckard_Wimmer)(Econ., 8/22/20, p.17)

2002        The SARS-COV virus jumped from a horseshoe bat to a person (possibly by way of some intermediary). From 2002-2003 the outbreak killed 774 people worldwide.
    (Econ, 3/14/20, p.15)(Econ., 5/2/20, p.10)

2002        Crazy ants, an invasive species, were first discovered in Houston. In 2012 the crazy ant species was identified as Nylanderia fulva, from northern Argentina and southern Brazil. By 2013 they had spread to coastal areas from Texas to Florida.
    (LiveScience, 5/17/13)

2002        Google’s index surpassed 3 billion Web pages.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)

2002        The US prison population grew 2.6% to 2.1 million.
    (WSJ, 7/28/03, p.A1)

2002        The US Geological Survey estimated there may be 1.9 trillion cubic feet of gas in the Marcellus Shale of Pennsylvania. In 2008 Prof. Terry Engelder of Pennsylvania State Univ. estimated the amount at 168 trillion cubic feet. US consumption in 2007 was 23.05 trillion. The Marcellus shale formation stretched some 600 miles along the Appalachians from New York to West Virginia.
    (WSJ, 4/2/08, p.A2)(Econ, 3/16/13, SR p.6)
2002        World oil production reached nearly 67 million barrels per day.
    (SSFC, 3/21/04, p.J3)

2002        US soldiers at Bagram air base roughed up an Afghan prisoner named Dilawar, who died shortly after a 5-day beating. In 2005 an Army interrogator pleaded guilty to assault and was demoted. Several other soldiers faced charges. In 2005 an Ohio-based Army reservist was reduced to private for the beating.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A5)(SFC, 8/19/05, p.A3)

2002        Angola’s TAAG Airlines lost its monopoly of air transportation and was forced to adopt to new market conditions.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, Angola p.6)

2002        In Bangladesh Operation Clean Heart rooted thousands of Rohingyas, dark-skinned members of a poor, Muslin minority from Myanmar, from local villages. Myanmar’s ruling junta called them residents of Rakhine state, pressed them into slave labor and severely restricted their rights to travel and marry. This led to the Rohingya border camp named Tal, on the banks of the Naf River in Bangladesh.
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.56)
2002        Bangladesh enacted acid control laws as the country recorded 490 cases of acid attacks. An attacker would face at a minimum seven years in jail or even the death penalty. Such attacks dropped to 187 in 2007, the 5th consecutive year of decline.
    (AFP, 3/23/08)

2002        In Belgium Andras Pandy (d.2013), a serial killer dubbed the "Devil's Pastor", was sentenced to life in prison. Arrested in 1997 he was convicted of killing his two wives, two sons and two step-daughters, and of raping three of his natural or adopted daughters, in a string of attacks in the late 1980s. His daughter Agnes was also found guilty of five of the six murders and was jailed for 21 years. She was a key witness against her father.
    (AFP, 12/23/13)

2002        Renegade leader Fikret Abdic was jailed for 20 years for war crimes against Muslims loyal to the Bosnian government by a court in Croatia, which later reduced his prison term to 15 years and released him in 2012.
    (Reuters, 10/11/18)d

2002        The Brazilian film “Cidade de Deus" (City of God) was set in a suburb of Rio and made the lawless squalor there internationally known.
    (Econ, 6/12/10, p.42)

2002        Britain’s ruling Labour government introduced citizenship tests.
    (Econ, 5/21/16, p.51)
2002        The Baltic Center for Contemporary Art in Gateshead, England, opened at a cost of £50 million.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, p.59)
2002        Gary McKinnon was caught in London and after breaking into 97 US military and NASA computers, while allegedly searching for UFO’s. His hacking from 2001-2002 caused an estimated $700,000 of damage. In 2008 McKinnon (42) was diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome. He also lost an appeal against being extradited to the US to face charges. In 2009 he offered to plead guilty to a criminal charge in Britain to avoid extradition to the United States.
    (SFC, 7/31/08, p.A14)(AP, 1/12/09)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.51)

2002        Canada’s Research in Motion (RIM) lost a patent infringement suit to NTP, a company comprised of little more than lawyers and the patents of Thomas Campana (d.2004), the holder of over 50 patents on wireless-data systems.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.76)
2002        The World RPS Society, promoters of the rock-paper-scissors game, held its 1st int’l. tournament in Toronto, Canada. Pete Lovering of Toronto won the competition.
    (WSJ, 3/3/06, p.A1)

2002        In Chile a census counted 15% of the population claiming to be evangelicals, a Latin America synonym for Protestants.
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.52)

2002        Apr 23, China’s state security bureau requested information from Yahoo! about the creator of an online forum. Yahoo! complied with the notice and another one and authorities soon detained democracy activist Wang Xiaoning. Mr. Wang (62) was released on Aug 31, 2012.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.42)
2002        In China the International Trade City Mall opened in Zhejiang province. The giant 4-story mall had 30,000 stores across 18 million square feet, the equivalent of 350 football fields.
    (SFC, 12/8/06, p.A31)
2002        China began constructing a $3.2 billion railroad to Tibet, to be completed in 2007.
    (SFC, 11/5/03, p.A13)
2002        China announced a $5.25 billion East-West natural gas project. A Western consortium backed out in 2004.
    (WSJ, 8/4/04, p.A11)
2002        China formed its Snow Leopards anti-terrorism unit charged with securing the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Its mandate was to combat terrorism, control riots, dispose of bombs, respond to hijackings and carry out other special tasks.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2002        Citigroup paid $70 million for a 4.6% stake in Shanghai Pudong Development, China’s 8th largest bank. In 2006 it pushed to raise the stake to 19.9%.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, Survey p.21)
2002        Bankers looted some $483 million from the Bank of China in the southern Guangdong province and then fled the country.
    (WSJ, 8/4/03, p.A1)
2002        China took over its whole portion of the Internet naming system as part of its program to control Internet access.
    (WSJ, 2/13/06, p.A9)
2002        Tencent Holdings PLC, a Chinese Internet company, designed a virtual currency payment system for users in its virtual world. The system caught on and users began trading it at a discount to the yuan. In 2007 Chinese ministries and the central bank waged a crackdown on the QQ coin in order to prevent money laundering.
    (WSJ, 3/30/07, p.B1)
2002        China's exports totaled $325 billion.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.98)
2002        China surpassed the US as Taiwan's top trading partner.
    (WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A18)
2002        China surpassed the US to become the world's largest beer market by volume.
    (WSJ, 3/10/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/904, p.A1)
2002        Official Chinese statistics said some 7,000 miners died in accidents in this year.
    (SFC, 4/3/03, p.D1)
2002        China and ASEAN agreed to a China-ASEAN free-trade area to be implemented in stages up to 2015.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.8)

2002        The Colombia coffee federation, set up in 1927, began opening local coffee shops under the Valdez name. Juan Valdez, an idealized coffee farmer, and his mule Conchita became the public face of Colombian coffee in the 1960s.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.37)

2002        Dubai began creating a world-class financial centre as part of its diversification into service industries before running out of oil and gas.
    (Econ, 7/10/04, p.64)
2002        Geo News, a Dubai-based Pakistani TV news channel, got its broadcasting license. It began broadcasting in November 2005 and soon became the darling of the army and religious right.
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.36)

2002        Egypt expelled Amr Khaled, a Muslim minister, for attracting large crowds at Cairo mosques. Khaled moved to the US and beamed TV programs to Egypt and the rest of the Arab world. His broadcast aired on Iqra, a Saudi-owned religious satellite channel and he spoke out against terrorism and despair.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.A15)
2002        Egypt’s economy expanded about 3.2% in 2001 and 2002. The population stood at about 67 million.
    (WSJ, 1/18/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A7)

2002        Estonia’s government began issuing electronic ID cards.
    (http://ccdcoe.org/cycon/2012/workshops/e-Estonia_03.2012.pdf)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.60)

2002        The EU set up Eurojust to help prosecutors with the worst cross-border crimes.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, p.52)
2002        An EU regulation forced banks to charge no more for cross-border transfers within the euro area of up to 12,500 euros than they did for domestic ones.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.82)
2002        The EU decided to go ahead and launch a satellite navigation network, Galileo, to rival America's Global Positioning System (GPS). Operations were scheduled to begin in 2008.
    (Econ, 1/31/04, p.78)
2002        The European hedge fund charity ARK (Absolute Return for Kids) was established to provide AIDS treatment in Africa, to help children in orphanages in eastern Europe and to finance education in Britain.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, p.80)(www.arkonline.org/about/our_mission.html)

2002        French president Jacques Chirac received three million euros ($4 million) from Ivory Coast's Laurent Gbagbo to finance his electoral campaign. This was made public in 2011 by Robert Bourgi, a lawyer with a network of African contacts who advised Chirac before changing camps in 2005 to aid French President Nicolas Sarkozy. Bourgi also named Senegal's Abdoulaye Wade, Burkina Faso's Blaise Compaore, and Congo-Brazzaville's Denis Sassou Nguesso and Gabon's Omar Bongo as contributors. Bourgi later said he was mistaken concerning (Senegal's president) Abdoulaye Wade and his son" Karim Wade.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)(AP, 9/26/11)
2002        In France Paris Mayor Bertand Delanoe inaugurated Paris Plages, filling sections of the left and right banks of the Seine with sand and installing spray misters, hammocks, parasols and other beach-style accoutrements. In 2006 Paris City Hall banned thong bikinis, topless sunbathing and nudity at the summer sand-in-the-city event.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2002        France convicted George Soros of insider trading. He was fined euro2.2 million for purchasing shares in French bank Societe Generale in 1988, days after being informed about a planned takeover bid for the bank.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2002        Paris businessman Tawfiq Mathlouthi launched Mecca Cola.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.D1)
2002        Arcelor Corp., a European steelmaker, was created following the merger of France’s Usinor, Spain’s Aceralia, and Luxembourg’s Arbed.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.56)

2002        Pres. Omar Bongo decided to preserve a tenth of Gabon's 103,000 square miles in 13 nature preserves based on stories and photographs by Mike Fay and Nick Nichols.
    (SSFC, 10/5/03, p.D10)

2002        The German film “Nirgendwo in Afrika" (Nowhere in Africa) won an Oscar.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.83)

2002        Gibraltar’s 2.5-sq. mile area was home to some 23,000 people.
    (WSJ, 4/8/02, p.A8)

2002        In Greenland Jonathan Motzfeldt lost an internal party struggle to fellow Siumut Hans Enoksen who replaced him as premier. Motzfeldt then became speaker of Greenland's Parliament, but resigned in 2008 amid allegations that he groped a female civil servant. He denied wrongdoing and was never charged.
    (AP, 10/29/10)

2002        In Guatemala anti-drug forces led a bloody raid on Chocon, a corn-growing village. 2 locals were killed but no drug seizures were made. In 2003 16 members of the drug force were sentenced to 25 years in prison for the violent raid.
    (AP, 4/10/03)

2002        Zach Niles, Banker White and Chris Veland, novice American filmmakers, visited Guinea and discovered a group of musicians in the Sembakounya Refugee Camp called the Refugee All Stars. Members had left Sierra Leone in 1999. Niles and White made a film of the group, which gained int’l recognition and by 2006 organized a tour for the group in the US.
    (SFC, 7/13/06, p.E1)

2002        Guinea-Bissau Pres. Kumba Yala dissolved Parliament and delayed elections 3 times.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2002        Hong Kong abolished a quota on Chinese tourists.
    (Econ., 3/21/15, p.36)

2002        In India the Hindu Yuva Vahini, or the Hindu Youth Brigade, was set up by Hindu priest Yogi Adityanath to end marriages between Muslim men and Hindu women. In 2017 PM Narendra Modi named Adityanath to be chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.
    (AP, 5/3/17)
2002        In India the Mahindra & Mahindra auto maker introduced its Scorpio SUV. By 2005 it was a huge hit.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.67)
2002        In India brothers Anil and Mukesh Ambani took the reins of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), founded by their father Dhirubhai Ambani.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.66)
2002        In India some 2,000 Muslims were murdered this year in western Gujarat state in a pogrom carried out with the collusion of police and senior members of the ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
    (Econ, 7/31/10, p.30)
2002        Commercial surrogacy came to India and went transnational within a year.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.36)

2002        After this year’s October 12 Bali bombing the government of Indonesia created Detachhment 88, an elite cunter-terror squad financed and trained by America and Australia.
    (Econ, 1/23/16, p.34)
2002        Indonesia passed legislation to create its Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), which was established in 2003.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.54)(www.icac.org.hk/newsl/issue22eng/button3.htm)
2002        Indonesia passed broadcasting legislation that said the state will issue licenses. It was assumed that the Indonesia Broadcasting Commission (KPI), an independent state body, would issue the licenses. In 2006 the information ministry pushed to take control.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.40)
2002        Benny Wenda a leader of an insurgency against Indonesian rule in the eastern province of Papua, escaped from a Papuan jail and was granted asylum in Britain. He remained wanted by authorities in his homeland for alleged arson and murder. In 2011 Indonesia had Interpol put Wenda (37) on a wanted list as he continued to promote the cause of Papuan independence.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2002        PT Dirgantara Indonesia won a contract to produce wing parts for the Airbus A380.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.57)

2002        In Iran Shahla Jahed, who had become what is known as a "temporary wife" of former soccer star Nasser Mohammad Khani, was charged with stabbing his wife, Laleh Saharkhizan, to death and convicted of murder in 2004 and again in 2009, after her appeal was denied. She was hanged on Dec 1, 2010.
    (AP, 12/1/10)

2002        Israel closed to Palestinians the West Bank section of Route 443 linking Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, after militants shot at Israeli vehicles on the highway and killed several motorists.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2002        A stone ossuary, looted from a Jerusalem cave, was found by a French scholar with an Aramaic inscription that read "James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus." In 2003 the stone ossuary was declared a fake. In 2008 Nina Burleigh authored “Unholy Business: A True Tale of Faith, Greed & Forgery in the Holy Land." In 2012 antiquities collector Oded Golan was acquitted of forging the box. A judge ruled that it was impossible to unequivocally prove the artifacts were forged.
    (WSJ, 10/20/08, p.A17)(SFC, 3/15/12, p.A2)

2002        An Italian study showed that one gram a day of supplementary omega-3 oil reduced death from cardiovascular disease by 30% in those who had survived a recent heart attack.
    (Econ, 9/2/17, p.70)

2002        Tsutomu Yamaguchi (1916-2010), twice-victim of the 1945 nuclear bombs in Japan, published a collection of 31-syllable poems (tanka) that reflected on his WWII ordeal.
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsutomu_Yamaguchi)
2002        Tokyo Electric Power shut its 17 nuclear reactors after it was caught falsifying safety records to hide cracks at some plants.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.58)
2002        Nissan launched a joint effort in China with car manufacturer Dongfeng.
    (Econ, 6/12/10, p.71)
2002        Japan’s Kindai Univ. managed to rear adult tuna from eggs for the first time.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.39)
2002        In Japan 9 people died from E. coli bacteria poisoning after eating a marinated chicken and vegetable dish at a hospital and its annex, a nursing home for the aged, in the provincial city of Utsunomiya, north of Tokyo.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)

2002        Macedonia held a census. In 2020 the head of the country's statistical office lamented that he did not know the true population count, as no census had been held since 2002. The official count was 2.08 million but he believed that the true number was not more than 1.5 million.
    (Econ., 5/16/20, p.41)

2002        Abdul Razak Baginda helped Malaysia negotiate the purchase of French submarines.
    (WSJ, 3/29/07, p.A13)
2002        Malaysia issued the world’s first sovereign sukuk, an Islamic bond.
    (Econ, 1/5/13, p.60)
2002        Mauritius President Cassam Uteem resigned because he disagreed with a draft bill on fighting terrorism.
    (AFP, 3/30/12)

2002        Mexico began the 3x1 Program–Citizen Initiative. Later on it became the 3x1 Program for Migrants. some 5,500 public works were completed under the program until it was scrapped in 2019 by Pres. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
    (http://www.lanic.utexas.edu/project/etext/llilas/vrp/aparicio.pdf)(Econ., 7/25/20, p.23)
2002        Oportunidades, a Mexican social assistance program later rebranded as Prospera, was designed to target poverty by providing cash payments to families in exchange for regular school attendance, health clinic visits, and nutrition support. It was scrapped in 2019 by Pres. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
2002        Mexico ended its visa requirement for Brazilians as both countries liberalized their trade regimes. Illegal immigration of Brazilians to the US via Mexico quickly increased.
    (WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A16)

2002        Alyn Ware of New Zealand, a campaigner against nuclear weapons, established a network of lawmakers worldwide to campaign against nuclear weapons at the UN.
    (AP, 10/13/09)

2002         Niger’s population of about 11 million was 90% Muslim.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A5)

2002        In Nigeria the governor of Borno state set out to destroy a conservative Muslim sect, later identified as Boko Haram, led by Mohammed Yusuf. Hundreds of members were killed.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.51)

2002        North Korea’s first cyber cafe opened. Access to the Internet was highly restricted.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.43)
2002        The freighter Turubong 1 sailed from the North Korean port of Chongjin. Somewhere in the Sea of Japan off the coast of the quiet village of Sakaiminato, its crew dumped 522 pounds of amphetamines overboard for retrieval by smugglers. In 2006 Japanese police made their first arrests in the case, seven Japanese and a South Korean intermediary. Authorities said North Korea was involved as a government.
    (AP, 8/11/06)

2002        Pakistan formally banned Sipah-e-Sahaba (SSP), its largest Sunni sectarian group. It later changed its name to Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat and continued to spread hatred against Shias.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.45)
2002        Geeta, a deaf-mute Indian girl, wandered into Pakistan and became stranded there for the next 13 years. During her time there, she was cared for by the Edhi Foundation, a Pakistani charity. In 2015 she was returned to India after identifying photographs of a family based in the northern Indian state of Bihar as being hers.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)

2002        In Peru Huberth and Gerson Jara founded their nonfiction magazine Etiqueta Negra.
    (SFC, 3/21/06, p.E1)(www.etiquetanegra.com.pe)

2002        The Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) was founded. It specializes in gathering intelligence and its typical operations revolve around searching for mid-level to prominent drug suspects, making arrests, compiling evidence and supporting court proceedings.
    (Reuters, 12/28/17)
2002        The Philippine budget deficit was 5.4% of GDP. Mineral reserves were estimated at  $840 billion.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.72)(Econ, 7/22/06, p.63)

2002        Romania decriminalized homosexuality as it prepared to join the EU.
    (AP, 2/19/18)
2002        In Romania almost 90% of the country’s people at this time were Eastern Orthodox and 1% Eastern Rite Catholics.
    (SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)

2002        Russia changed its citizenship law to allow massive distribution of passports to people in the Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions of Georgia.
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.65)

2002        The Serbian economy showed signs of recovery after 13 years of Milosevic's mismanagement and the end of international sanctions imposed to stop Milosevic from waging war on his neighbors. The national currency, the dinar, has been relatively stable since Milosevic's ouster. Authorities have launched reforms in hopes of joining the European Union.
    (AP, 9/29/02)

2002        Over 21,000 people were murdered in South Africa this year.
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.52)
2002        South African Breweries bought America’s Miller Brewing for $5.6 billion.
    (Econ, 5/15/04, p.64)

2000        The Bank of Spain began requiring leading banks to set aside a portion of profits against future losses.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.78)
2002        Spain planed to abolish the draft by the end of this year and to reduce its military to about 168,000.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A28)
2002        The Web site Hoopshype.com was started by 3 young men from Spain. By 2008 the site was attracting half a million unique visitors a month.
    (WSJ, 3/21/08, p.W1)

2002         In Sudan the Machakos Protocol outlined steps necessary to achieve peace.
    (WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A4)
2002        The Sudan Peace Act threatened a series of US diplomatic actions against Sudan’s Islamist regime if it did not end its civil war against Christian and animist tribes in the south.
    (WSJ, 5/26/04, p.A1)

2002        Swaziland's King Mswati III abducted a schoolgirl for his 10th wife.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.48)

2002        In Stockholm, Sweden, Christer Gardell and Lars Forberg founded Cevian Capital, an activist hedge fund. In 2017 its assets were over $15.4 billion.
    (Econ 6/17/17, p.58)
2002        In Sweden gunmen stole about $5.6 million in foreign currency being unloaded from a plane at Stockholm's Arlanda airport. Several suspects were arrested, but all were released due to lack of evidence.
    (AP, 3/8/06)

2002        Swiss-based Art Basel made Miami Beach its American home, bringing with it an international circus of high-powered art dealers, collectors, curators, critics and art lovers.
2002        Xstrata was born out of the initial public offering of the coal mines of Glencore, a private commodity trader based in Switzerland. It was first listed on the London Stock Exchange as it acquired Glencore's coal assets in Australia and South Africa. The Company was founded in 1926 in Switzerland as Sudelektra, an infrastructure and electricity projects concern operating in Latin America.
    (Econ, 3/13/10, p.68)

2002        In Taiwan a language Romanization system known as tongyong pinyim was introduced. The Chinese favored the hanyu pinyim phonetic system developed in the 1950s. 
    (Econ, 5/31/14, p.46)
2002        Taiwan’s army began admitting gay and bisexual recruits.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.34)

2002        The first Timor Sea Treaty was signed with Australia giving East Timor 90% of the revenue from a Joint Petroleum Development Area (JPDA).
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.44)

2002        In Turkey Abdurrahman Dilipak, an Islamist, and Sanar Yurdatapan, an atheist, authored "Red and Green," or "Green and Red," on current questions of faith and social issues such as the role of women.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.K4)

2002        The Ukraine military offered a half-hour flight on the MiG-29 for $8,500.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A12)
2002        In Ukraine Dmytro Firtash and a partner formed EuroTransGas company and began making deals with central Asian countries. Some of those deals took business away from a powerful oligarch, Igor Makarov. Firtash made a series of lucrative gas deals from 2004 to 2008 through a company called RosUkrEnergo. In 2014 Ukraine's new government struck a deal on natural gas, depriving Firtash of a major revenue stream.
    (NBC News, 1/25/20)
2002        A European firm won a $43 million settlement against the Ukraine state in a dispute over an oil-refinery contract. Ukraine refused to pay and the company seized 2 Ruslan transport planes, one in Canada and one in Brussels.
    (WSJ, 1/19/05, p.A1)
2002        Semion Mogilevich (b.1946), a Ukrainian businessman, and Igor Fisherman were indicted in Philadelphia on charges of money laundering and securities fraud in connection with the collapse of YBM Magnex, Inc. in which investors lost some $150 million. In 2006 Mogilevich was under investigation for possible links to natural gas deals between Russia and Ukraine.
    (WSJ, 12/22/06, p.A11)

2002        Uzbekistan lifted official censorship.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.44)

2002        In Venezuela Pres. Chavez cut off supplies to Industrias Veneco Ca after CEO Pedro Carmona’s brief 2-day coup. Franklin Duran and Carlos Kauffman purchased Veneco and the company grew with new government contracts.
    (WSJ, 3/10/08, p.A5)

2002        The World Bank committed $3.5 billion to Turkey in this year.
    (WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A14)
2002        The World Bank Doing Business Project was launched. In 2003 it began publishing an annual “Doing Business" survey of how countries compare on some of the most important factors in opening, running and closing a firm.
    (www.doingbusiness.org/about-us)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.77)

2002        Under Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, the Oct 12 holiday name Día de la Raza was changed to Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance) to commemorate the Indigenous peoples' resistance to European settlement. Between 1921 and 2002, Venezuela had celebrated Día de la Raza along with many other Latin American nations. The holiday was officially established in 1921 under President Juan Vicente Gomez.
2002        In Venezuela prison gang bosses reached an agreement about this time on an internal self-government that taxed fellow inmates.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.40)

2002        Zambia eliminated school fess for elementary-level students. This increased the proportion of student attendance to 85% in 2004 from 71% in 2000. At the same time mandatory extra fees were imposed on parents and class sizes increased to 80 or more pupils.
    (WSJ, 3/21/07, p.B11)
2002        Zambia’s former Pres. Frederick Chiluba divorced his wife. Mrs. Chiluba tried to sue him for $400 million, her alleged share of the riches he had stolen over a decade in power. Her case was dismissed.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.61)
2002        A number of elephants were killed in Zambia this year as verified by studies of DNA completed in 2007. 37 tested tusks matched elephant genetics in Zambia and nearby regions.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.83)

2002        Zimbabwe held a census but results were not made public. In 2004 the population was reported to be 11.6 million. Normal growth should have put the number at 14 million.
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.48)

2002-2004    The US funneled $57.8 million to the Ukraine to support of pro-Democracy activities.
    (SSFC, 12/19/04, p.A3)

2002-2006    America’s population was later estimated to have increased by some 500,000 illegal immigrants per year during this period.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, SR p.4)

2002-2008    Peru’s murder rate tripled over this period as the country became the world’s biggest cocaine exporter.
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.31)

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