Timeline 2002 July - September

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2002        Jul 1, It was reported that the Bush administration had designated 33 toxic waste sites for funding cuts.
    (SFC, 7/1/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 1, A US district judge in NY ruled that the federal death penalty is unconstitutional because it creates undue risk of executing innocent defendants.
    (SFC, 7/2/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 1, A US federal magistrate recommended a $73 million penalty against Zimbabwe's ruling party for allegedly torturing and killing political opponents.
    (AP, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, Tennesseans found their government in a partial shutdown after lawmakers failed to pass a balanced budget over the weekend in a stalemate over how to cover an $800 million deficit.
    (AP, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, Northrup Grumman agreed to pay $7.8 billion in stock for TRW Corp. [see Feb 22]
    (SFC, 7/2/02, p.B1)
2002        Jul 1, In Afghanistan US Air Force gunship killed 44-48 members of a wedding party in Kakarak, Uruzgan province, during a major operation to track down Taliban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar.
    (Reuters, 7/2/02)(SFC, 7/2/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A9)(AP, 7/1/03)
2002        Jul 1, A Canadian climber who had scaled Alaska's Mount McKinley alone died after he fell about 1,000 feet (300 meters) while descending from the peak's upper reaches.
    (Reuters, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, Chile's Supreme Court ruled that former dictator General Augusto Pinochet was suffering from dementia and dropped all charges against him for human rights violations during his regime.
    (AP, 7/1/03)
2002        Jul 1, The UN sponsored Int'l. Criminal Court began operations at the Hague, Netherlands, upon the entry into force of the Rome Statute (1998) following 60 ratifications. By 2021 123 countries had signed on to the ICC.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Criminal_Court)(AP, 7/1/02)(Econ., 1/2/21, p.45)
2002        Jul 1, In southwestern Hungary a bus carrying Polish pilgrims to a shrine in Bosnia struck a stone barrier and overturned in a ditch killing 19.
    (AP, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, Indonesian police fired water cannon at about 500 demonstrators who knocked down the gates of parliament to protest against a decision by MPs to reject an inquiry into a graft scandal.
    (Reuters, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, Jordan reported that 11 people, including a Palestinian-Jordanian who fled the American bombing on Osama bin Laden's stronghold in Afghanistan, have been detained in connection with an alleged plot to attack American targets.
    (AP, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, In Mozambique health officials reported that at least 62 people have died of cholera in the northern province of Cabo Delgado since the latest outbreak of the disease in February.
    (AP, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, In Peru Vladimiro Montesinos, once one of the country's most feared men, was convicted of usurping office, the first of more than 70 criminal charges ranging from arms smuggling to homicide that the ex-spymaster faces.
    (AP, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, Philippine government forces using bomber planes and helicopters attacked suspected Muslim rebel positions in the southern Philippines, inflicting an undetermined number of casualties.
    (Reuters, 7/1/02)
2002        Jul 1, Bashkirian flight 2937 with 45 Russian children headed for a beach vacation in Spain were among 71 people killed when their chartered Tupolev airliner slammed into a Boeing 757 DHL cargo plane over southern Germany. The flights were under Swiss air control. An onboard device told the pilot to climb but he followed a controller’s order to dive instead. In 2007 four employees of a Swiss air traffic control company were convicted of negligent homicide for the crash of flight 2937.
    (AP, 7/2/02)(SFC, 7/2/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/2/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/3/02, p.A6)(WSJ, 7/9/02, p.A1)(AP, 9/4/07)

2002        Jul 2, A trial court in Florida ruled that the state's capital sentencing statute in constitutional.
    (SFC, 7/3/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 2, The Hayman fire in Colorado was declared under control. It had burned 137,760 acres over 24 days.
    (SFC, 7/3/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 2, Steve Fossett became the 1st person to fly a balloon solo around the world. On his 6th attempt he completed the journey in 13 days, 12 hours, 16 minutes and 13 seconds. He departed from Australia Jun 19 and covered an estimated 19,428 miles.
    (SFC, 7/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 2, Ray Brown (b.1926), jazz bassist, died in Indianapolis.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)(WSJ, 7/9/02, p.D6)
2002        Jul 2, In Chile the highest court halted prosecution of dictator Augusto Pinochet ruling that he was mentally unfit to stand trial for dozens of political killings by the notorious "Caravan of Death."
    (AP, 7/2/02)
2002        Jul 2, East Timor President Xanana Gusmao and his Indonesian counterpart Megawati Sukarnoputri opened a new chapter in ties between the world's newest nation and its former foe, establishing formal diplomatic links and pledging to work together.
    (Reuters, 7/2/02)
2002        Jul 2, Malaysia said it had not reached any new agreements with Singapore on the sale of water to the island state and other issues after two days of talks.
    (Reuters, 7/2/02)
2002        Jul 2, Philippine Vice President Teofisto Guingona resigned as foreign minister, settling but perhaps not ending a public row with President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo over U.S. military exercises in the south of the country.
    (Reuters, 7/2/02)
2002        Jul 2, A former South African policeman killed four people and wounded nine during a shooting rampage in a small town in the Northern Cape province.
    (AP, 7/3/02)

2002        Jul 3, The Tennessee Legislature passed a 1-cent sales tax increase, the highest in state history, and ended a partial government shutdown.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A4)
2002        Jul 3, It was reported that Operation Xtermination, a drug investigation at Camp Lejeune, NC, seized over $1.4 million in drugs and convicted over 80 marines and sailors.
    (SFC, 7/3/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 3, Jean-Marie Messier, the much-maligned chairman of Vivendi Universal, was formally removed from his post and replaced by Jean-Rene Fourtou of the pharmaceutical company Aventis.
    (AP, 7/3/03)
2002        Jul 3, Over Australia balloonist Steve Fossett was forced to spend an extra night in the air as the winds that helped him become the first person to fly solo around the world bedeviled the final stage of his voyage.
    (Reuters, 7/3/02)
2002        Jul 3, Brazil and Mexico signed a trade agreement that reduced import duties on some 800 products.
    (WSJ, 7/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 3, Chinese police found Wang Bingzhang, a pro-democracy activist and US resident, in Guangxi Province. He had been recently kidnapped with 2 others in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 12/21/02, p.A10)
2002        Jul 3, It was reported that up to 40,000 companies might collapse in Germany this year.
    (SFC, 7/3/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 3, In Georgetown, Guyana, police opened fire on demonstrators who broke into the presidential compound, killing two people and wounding six others during a protest timed to coincide with the start of a Caribbean summit.
    (AP, 7/4/02)
2002        Jul 3, An oil tanker was reported to have run aground in stormy seas on a reef near Fiji's popular tourist islands, threatening an ecological disaster if the cargo leaks.
    (Reuters, 7/3/02)
2002        Jul 3, In western Mexico 5 people returning from a political rally, among them a 101-year-old man, were ambushed and shot to death.
    (AP, 7/3/02)
2002        Jul 3, At least 39 people were killed and more feared dead when landslides caused by Typhoon Chata'an destroyed houses on the western Pacific island of Chuuk in Micronesia.
    (Reuters, 7/3/02)(WSJ, 7/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 3, In Pakistan security forces killed 4 al Qaeda fighters near the Afghan border at Germa. 3 security men were killed. A land dispute broke out in Northern Waziristan near the Afghan border and 21 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A10)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 3, Peru temporarily suspended programs to eradicate coca fields and encourage farmers to grow alternative crops, moves that jeopardize U.S.-backed efforts to fight the cocaine trade.
    (AP, 7/3/02)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 3, Swiss authorities said a collision-warning system was out of service in the Zurich tower when it took control of a Russian airliner and a cargo jet shortly before they collided on July 1 at 35,000 feet, killing 71 people, including 45 children headed for an end-of-school beach holiday. One of 2 required air controllers was on a break.
    (AP, 7/3/02)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A8)
2002        Jul 3, Turkey's jittery stock market fell again following reports that officials discussed a moratorium on the nation's $30 billion foreign debt.
    (AP, 7/3/02)

2002        Jul 4, Hesham Mohamed Hadayet (41), an Egyptian-born 10-year resident of Irvine, opened fire at Israel’s El Al airline ticket counter in Los Angeles' airport. Victoria Hen and Yaakov Aminov were killed before Hadayet, born July 4, 1961, was shot to death by a guard.
    (AP, 7/5/02)(Reuters, 7/5/02)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 4, In central Texas 70,000 cubic feet of water gushed down a spillway from Canyon Lake toward the Guadalupe River for three days, scraping off vegetation and topsoil and leaving only limestone walls. The mile-and-a-half-long Canyon Lake Gorge, up to 80 feet deep, was dug out from what had been a nondescript valley covered in mesquite and oak trees.
    (AP, 10/5/07)
2002        Jul 4, A Cessna 310 plane crashed at Frank G. Bonelli Regional County Park at San Dimas and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A24)
2002        Jul 4, General Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. (b.1912), the first black general in the US Air Force and commander of the World War II Tuskegee Airmen, died in Washington. In 1991 he published his autobiography “Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American: An Autobiography."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_O._Davis,_Jr.)(AP, 7/4/03)
2002        Jul 4, Winnifred Quick Van Tongerloo (98), one of the four known survivors of the Titanic sinking, died in East Lansing, Mich.
    (AP, 7/4/03)
2002        Jul 4, In Australia Steve Fossett launched Independence Day celebrations early when his Spirit of Freedom balloon ended its record-breaking flight around the world.
    (AP, 7/4/02)
2002        Jul 4, In Bangui, CAR, a Boeing 707 cargo plane crashed in a sparsely populated residential area in this central African capital, killing at least 20 people.
    (AP, 7/4/02)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 4, In Chile Augusto Pinochet resigned as senator-for-life.
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 4, In China a blast in the Fuqiang mine in Songshu trapped 39 miners. There was little hope for survivors.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 4, American warplanes bombed an Iraqi air defense system after coming under attack from Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery.
    (AP, 7/4/02)
2002        Jul 4, Italian photographer Angelo Frontoni (76), known for his work with stars such as Sophia Loren, Brigitte Bardot and Ava Gardner, died in Rome.
    (AP, 7/4/02)
2002        Jul 4, A British ship left Takahama, Japan, with 550 pounds of defective, near weapons-grade plutonium, for return to its British supplier.
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 4, The Palestinian police chief Ghazi Jabali decided to resign and run for president following a controversy over whether Yasser Arafat had tried to oust both him and security commander Jibril Rajoub.
    (Reuters, 7/4/02)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Jul 4, An explosion shattered a white Mercedes, killing two people including Jihad Amerin (38), a Gaza leader of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades. Palestinian police said their initial suspicions were Israeli agents had planted a bomb.
    (AP, 7/4/02)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Jul 4, In Spain AIDS experts announced a $4.8 billion prevention plan.
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 5, Pres. Bush telephoned Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai to express condolences for the deaths of Afghan civilians killed in a US bombing 4 days earlier that killed 48 civilians.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2002        Jul 5, The Arkansas state Supreme Court ruled that a law banning sexual relations between people of the same sex was an unconstitutional invasion of privacy.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 5, The Medina River near San Antonio, Texas, overflowed along with the Guadalupe River and flooding left at least 7 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 5, Ted Williams (83), baseball Hall of Famer, died in Florida. In 2013 Ben Bradlee Jr. authored “The Kid: The Immortal Life of Ted Williams."
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.F3)
2002        Jul 5, A bomb ripped through an open-air market in Larba, 15 miles SE of Algiers on Algeria's independence day, killing 49 people and wounding 36 others.
    (AP, 7/5/02)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A6)(AP, 7/7/02)
2002        Jul 5, Twenty vehicles piled up in early morning fog in southeastern Brazil, killing at least 13 people, including a pregnant woman and six police officers.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, Croatian Prime Minister Ivica Racan resigned in a political maneuver apparently aimed at forcing a rival party out of his coalition government.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Chechnya rebel ambushes killed 11 Russian soldiers and police officers.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A7)
2002        Jul 5, In southern Egypt a minibus and a truck collided head-on, killing all 18 people aboard the bus.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Guyana the Caribbean Community trading bloc wrapped up a summit that was marred early on by violence and admitted Haiti as its 15th member.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, Former Madagascar President Didier Ratsiraka fled to the Seychelles with his family, apparently ending more than six months of turmoil in his island nation.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Mexico Katy Jurado (78), the actress who played a sultry wildcat in some of the top American films of the 1950s and gained an Academy Award nomination, died.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Somalia a mutiny against a prominent faction leader entered a second day, with street fighting in the city of Baidoa leaving eight militiamen dead and injuring 25 others, including civilians.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Spain a judge froze all bank accounts of Batasuna, the radical Basque political party.
    (SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A18)
2002        Jul 5, The United States has forgiven all of the remaining $21.3 million in debt owed by the Tanzanian government, the U.S embassy said.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Turkey 3 police officers and a suspected Islamic militant were killed in a shootout during a raid on an apartment in the southeastern Turkish city of Elazig.
    (AP, 7/5/02)

2002        Jul 6, Serena Williams beat older sister Venus 7-6 (4), 6-3 to win her first Wimbledon title and second straight Grand Slam tournament.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2002        Jul 6, In Ingleside, Ca., police officer Jeremy Morse was caught on video tape beating Donovan Jackson (16), who was already subdued and handcuffed. Jackson's father, Coby Chavis, was being investigation for expired registration tags. The video led to federal involvement in the case. Mitch Crooks (27), the man who made the tape, was arrested July 11 on an outstanding warrant for petty theft. Officers Morse and Bijan Darvish were indicted July 17. Morse was dismissed Oct 14.
    (SFC, 7/11/02, p.A3)(SFC, 7/12/02, p.A2)(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 6, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan arrived in Baghdad for a two-day visit Saturday to discuss steps that could be taken to avert a possible U.S. military campaign against Iraq.
    (AP, 7/6/02)
2002        Jul 6, Former President Carter launched a Venezuela peace mission sanctioned by leftist President Hugo Chavez but met with skepticism by many of Chavez's opponents.
    (AP, 7/6/02)
2002        Jul 6, John Frankenheimer (72), film director, died in LA.
    (SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A23)
2002        Jul 6, Gunmen assassinated Afghan Vice President Haji Abdul Qadir (48) and his driver in broad daylight in the capital Kabul. Qadir was a prominent Pashtun businessman and was suspected of being involved in the opium trade.
    (Reuters, 7/6/02)(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/8/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 6, Asian and European finance ministers meeting in Copenhagen were presented a study that called for the creation of a currency basket system and ultimately a single Asian currency. The study was part of the Kobe Research Project, an initiative launched by ASEM in 2001.
    (Reuters, 7/7/02)(http://tinyurl.com/79d6f)
2002        Jul 6, Greek police, assisted by American and British agents, raided an apartment and found dozens of anti-tank rockets they believe were stolen from the army in the late 1980s by the elusive November 17 terrorist group.
    (AP, 7/6/02)
2002        Jul 6, Rebels in Indonesia's troubled Aceh province freed all 18 hostages held since last month, including crew from a boat carrying supplies to an Exxon Mobil plant.
    (Reuters, 7/6/02)
2002        Jul 6, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 2 soldiers and two separatist rebels were killed in fighting.
    (Reuters, 7/6/02)
2002        Jul 6, Residents of the Ivory Coast voted in local elections seen as a test of whether President Laurent Gbagbo's government has turned the page on two years of ethnic and political turbulence.
    (AP, 7/6/02)
2002        Jul 6, In Latvia hopes were high at a summit of 10 former communist countries aspiring to join NATO, and many delegates already were looking ahead to the responsibilities of membership.
    (AP, 7/6/02) 
2002        Jul 6, Randi Hindi (44), a Palestinian woman, and her 2-year-old daughter were shot to death while riding in a taxi in the Gaza Strip. Palestinians claimed Israeli troops were responsible. But the Israeli army said its soldiers did not fire anywhere in the area.
    (AP, 7/6/02)(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 6, Trinidad and Tobago announced plans to run an undersea natural gas pipeline throughout the Caribbean, saying the project would open new markets in the region.
    (AP, 7/6/02)

2002        Jul 7, Lleyton Hewitt crushed David Nalbandian in straight sets, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2, in the Wimbledon final to win his second Grand Slam title.
    (AP, 7/7/03)
2002        Jul 7, Texas Gov. Rick Perry saw by helicopter the devastation days of torrential rain had brought to central and southern Texas.
    (AP, 7/7/03)
2002        Jul 7, Afghanistan's vice president, Abdul Qadir, was buried with full military honors one day after being assassinated.
    (AP, 7/7/07)
2002        Jul 7, Nearly two dozen people were killed and thousands left homeless as torrential monsoon rains lashed large parts of Asia over the weekend, worsening floods and triggering fresh storms and landslides. Monsoon flooding killed at least 11 in Bangladesh.
    (Reuters, 7/7/02)(Reuters, 7/8/02)
2002        Jul 7, In southern China 13 people were killed when a wall being demolished at a vegetable market crumbled after heavy rain, burying vendors and workers under a mound of rubble.
    (Reuters, 7/7/02)
2002        Jul 7, In Hong Kong tens of thousands of civil servants staged a huge street protest against a government plan to pass a law that would cut their pay by up to 4.42 percent.
    (Reuters, 7/7/02)
2002        Jul 7, In Indonesia 53 people burned alive or jumped to their deaths when fire ripped through a crowded Palembang karaoke bar on Sumatra island but the final death toll could be double that.
    (AP, 7/8/02)(Reuters, 7/9/02)(WSJ, 7/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 7, In Northern Ireland Protestant hard-liners battled riot police after being barred from parading through the main Catholic section of Portadown.
    (AP, 7/7/02)
2002        Jul 7, The 14th Int'l. AIDS Conference opened in Barcelona. Estimates said AIDS had claimed 20 million lives to date and threatened 40 million currently infected. African cases were estimated at 28.5 million.
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A6)
2002        Jul 7, In eastern Ukraine rescue workers found the bodies of 35 miners killed in one of two fires over the weekend in mines.
    (AP, 7/7/02)(AP, 7/8/02)

2002        Jul 8, WorldCom and its former auditors clashed over responsibility for nearly 4 billion dollars in accounting improprieties, as WorldCom's former CEO and finance chief, Scott Sullivan, refused to testify to a House panel investigating the debacle.
    (AP, 7/8/03)
2002        Jul 8, African leaders gathered in South Africa to form the new African Union and to bid farewell to the Organization of African Unity (OAU), a much-criticized regional body formed nearly four decades ago to usher the continent out of colonialism.
    (AP, 7/8/02)
2002        Jul 8, In China a gas explosion at a coal mine killed 44 miners at the Dingsheng mine in northeastern  Heilongjiang province.
    (Reuters, 7/9/02)(SFC, 7/9/02, p.A10)
2002        Jul 8, Ralph Nader attended a dinner with Cuban leader Fidel Castro as the consumer advocate began a three-day visit to the communist nation.
    (AP, 7/8/02)
2002        Jul 8, Cuban poet and writer Cintio Vitier was named winner of Mexico's Juan Rulfo Prize for literature.
    (AP, 7/8/02)
2002        Jul 8, In the Ivory Coast local elections meant to close the door on years of turbulence ended with complaints by angry crowds that they were not allowed to vote.
    (AP, 7/8/02)
2002        Jul 8, Typhoon Chata'an headed towards southern Japan after battering the Philippines, where officials said it had killed 17 people -- including three South Korean tourists who died when their boat capsized.
    (Reuters, 7/8/02)
2002        Jul 8, In Nigeria unarmed women, from the Arutan and Igborodo communities occupied a Chevron-Texaco oil terminal, preventing 700 workers, including Americans, Britons, and Canadians, from leaving. Their number soon reached as many as 2,000.
    (AP, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 8, Peter Friedrich, Switzerland's ambassador to Luxembourg, was arrested on suspicion of money laundering.
    (AP, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 8, In southern Thailand a bomb tore through a parked passenger railway coach injuring a policeman and a security guard.
    (Reuters, 7/8/02)
2002        Jul 8, In Turkey 3 ministers resigned in a growing push for early elections.
    (WSJ, 7/9/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 9, To the boos of disappointed fans, the All-Star game in Milwaukee finished in a 7-7 tie after 11 innings when both teams ran out of pitchers.
    (AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, Speaking in New York, President Bush called for doubled prison terms and aggressive policing to combat fraud and corruption in corporate America.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, The US Senate approved a nuclear waste burial site at Yucca Mountain in the Nevada desert. The Senate voted to entomb thousands of tons of radioactive waste inside Yucca Mountain, rejecting the state's fervent protests. Gov. Kenny Guinn vowed to continue fighting the plan.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, The Women's Health Initiative announced that estrogen-progestin pills, taken by millions of women as a hormone replacement therapy, do more harm than good.
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 9, WWF Int'l. released its 4th Living Planet Report and said humans are using 20% more natural resources each year than can be regenerated.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 9, Rod Steiger (77), actor, died. His films included "On the Waterfront" and "In the Heat of the Night."
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 9, African leaders in Durban, SA, launched the African Union, an ambitious new body intended to pull the beleaguered continent out of poverty and conflict.
    (AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, Thousands of unemployed Argentines, university students and labor activists marched on the presidential palace to protest the government's failure to end the country's deep economic crisis.
    (AP, 7/9/02)
2002        Jul 9, A Palestinian gunman opened fire on Israeli police officers just outside the walled Old City of Jerusalem, wounding one, and a passer-by was killed in the ensuing gunbattle.
    (AP, 7/9/02)
2002        Jul 9, Philippine officials said they had arrested a Filipino Muslim suspected of helping to procure more than a ton of explosives for al Qaeda-linked Islamic radicals accused of plotting to bomb U.S. targets in Singapore. A U.S-trained Philippine soldier and an undetermined number of Muslim rebels were killed in fierce fighting on southern Jolo island.
    (Reuters, 7/9/02)
2002        Jul 9, NATO troops arrested Radovan Stankovic (33), a former member of an elite Serb paramilitary unit, for allegedly running a house where women and girls were raped during Bosnia's 1992-1995 war.
    (AP, 7/9/02)(SFC, 7/10/02, p.A8)

2002        Jul 10, A unified US Senate approved harsh new penalties for corporate fraud and document-shredding as part of an accounting oversight bill. The House approved, 310-113, a measure to allow pilots to carry guns in the cockpit to defend their planes against terrorists. President George W. Bush later signed the measure into law.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2002        Jul 10, The Dow Jones fell 282 to 8,813.5 and Nasdaq closed down 35 to 1,346.
    (SFC, 7/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 10, The first summit of the African Union ended with lofty promises of a new era of economic development and good government on a continent plagued by poverty and oppression.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, It was reported that Britain planned to downgrade marijuana possession to a Class C crime.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 10, In Cyprus a military helicopter crashed during a nighttime training exercise, killing the commander of the east Mediterranean island's military and the air force chief. Two crew members and a navy officer on board were also killed.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, Palestinian gunmen shot and killed an Israeli army lieutenant on patrol in the southern Gaza Strip, and Israeli troops fatally shot a 19-year-old Palestinian in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, In the Russian Baltic enclave of Kaliningrad a man was killed when a sign with an offensive slogan exploded as he tried to remove it from a park.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, Two people were hacked to death and a police station was overrun by armed tribesmen who stole ballot boxes and freed prisoners in the latest election-related violence in Papua, New Guinea.
    (AP, 7/11/02)

2002        Jul 11, Lawmakers balked at moving the Coast Guard and the Federal Emergency Management Agency into a new Homeland Security Department despite pleas from senior Cabinet officials to stick to President Bush's blueprint. Both agencies did end up being included in the new department.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2002        Jul 11, US scientists financed by the Pentagon announced that they had synthesized a virus from scratch for the 1st time. They built a polio virus relying only on genetic sequence information publicly available.
    (SFC, 7/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 11, Bernardas Brazdzionis (95), Lithuanian émigré poet, died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A27)
2002        Jul 11, Former Argentina junta leader Leopoldo Galtieri was arrested for the torture and execution of leftists during the military dictatorship (1976-1983).
    (SFC, 7/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Jul 11, Lawmakers in Ontario passed back-to-work legislation to end a two-week strike by Toronto garbage collectors that covered the country's biggest city in mounds of rotting waste.
    (Reuters, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 11, In Colombia authorities confirmed that the mayors of 28 cities and towns resigned this week after leftist rebels threatened to kill mayors if they didn't step down.
    (AP, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 11, Typhoon Chata'an left 5 dead in Japan and moved north.
    (Reuters, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 11, President Kim Dae-jung picked South Korea's first female prime minister and replaced six other ministers in a reshuffle seen as a bid to boost the government's image before December presidential polls.
    (Reuters, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 11, Three members of the Lebanese army intelligence service were killed while trying to make arrests near Lebanon's largest Palestinian refugee camp, the Lebanese army said.
    (AP, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 11, Moroccan soldiers planted a national flag on Perejil Island (parsley in Spanish), 200 yards off the coast near Ceuta. Spain had claimed control since the 17th century. Moroccans called the 0.58-square mile rocky outcrop Leila (night in Arabic). Spanish troops swiftly dislodged the Moroccans without a shot being fired. Under a diplomatic resolution, both sides agreed to leave it as a no man's land.
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A20)(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A10)(AP, 11/3/07)
2002        Jul 11, Peru's prime minister and finance minister said they resigned Thursday as part of a Cabinet shake-up designed to stem the plummeting popularity of President Alejandro Toledo's year-old government.
    (AP, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 11, Solomon Islands police reported that 10 men who went in search of a rebel warlord to capture him for a bounty payment had all been killed.
    (AP, 7/11/02)   
2002        Jul 11, Turkey's foreign minister resigned, dealing a harsh blow to Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, who was struggling to stay in power despite ill health and mass resignations from his party.
    (AP, 7/11/02)
2002        Jul 11, In Venezuela an estimated 600,000 people marched demanding that Pres. Chavez abandon the presidency.
    (AP, 7/12/02)(SFC, 7/12/02, p.A9)

2002        Jul 12, The Bush administration expected a $165 billion deficit mainly due to a falloff in tax revenues from stock market capital gains.
    (SFC, 7/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 12, The US Senate adopted a ban on personal loans from companies to their top officials, a practice that had benefited executives from Enron to WorldCom.
    (AP, 7/12/03)
2002        Jul 12, The IRS named Bill Simon, GOP candidate for California state governor, in a case involving potentially illegal offshore tax shelters. Dozens of other wealthy investors were also named.
    (SFC, 7/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 12, In Canada an Ontario court ruled that refusing legal recognition to gay and lesbian marriages is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 12, Chinese officials reported that nearly 1,000 schoolchildren in northeast China were rushed to hospital after being vaccinated in late June for encephalitis and two senior officials were arrested and charged with negligence.
    (Reuters, 7/12/02)
2002        Jul 12, A Colombia army spokesman said clashes across Colombia this week left at least 52 rebels and government soldiers dead.
    (AP, 7/12/02)
2002        Jul 12, In India's Kashmir region at least 10 people were killed and 15 wounded, some critically, in a shootout. Shops and businesses downed shutters in Srinagar, the summer capital of India's disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir, in response to a strike call by separatists to honor Kashmiri "martyrs".
    (Reuters, 7/13/02)(SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 12, In Indonesia a woman was killed and four men were wounded when a bomb exploded near Poso, Central Sulawesi.
    (Reuters, 7/13/02)
2002        Jul 12, In Mexico farmers desperate to keep their land from being seized for a new Mexico City airport threatened to kill about a dozen hostages and spark uprisings across the country.
    (AP, 7/12/02)
2002        Jul 12, Palestinian free-lance photographer Imad Abu Zahra died of a gunshot wound in the northern West Bank, and a fellow photographer said the shots came from a machine gun on an Israeli tank July 11. 2 Palestinians were killed in an exchange of gunfire in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 7/12/02)(SFC, 7/13/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 12, Ismail Cem, Turkey's former foreign minister, launched a new political party to topple Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, who is fighting to stay in power despite poor health and a mutiny within his Cabinet.
    (AP, 7/12/02)
2002        Jul 12, The UN Security Council agreed to exempt US peacekeepers from war crimes prosecution for a year, ending a threat to UN peacekeeping operations.
    (AP, 7/12/03)

2002        Jul 13, US governors opened their summer meeting in Boise, Idaho, with high health care costs the main topic.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2002        Jul 13, Yousuf Karsh (93), photographer, died in Boston.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
2002        Jul 13, A family of 4 were found stabbed to death in their home near Whittier, Ca. Jasmine Ruiz (8) was sexually assaulted before being killed. Alfonso Ignacio Morales (23) was arrested July 15.
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A7)(SFC, 7/16/02, p.A4)
2002        Jul 13, A unanimous UN Security Council vote to exempt American peacekeepers from prosecution by the new war crimes tribunal for a year ended a U.S. threat to halt U.N. peacekeeping but angered many court supporters.
    (AP, 7/13/02)
2002        Jul 13,  Dominican lawmakers voted to reform the country's constitution to allow presidents to serve two consecutive terms in office.
    (AP, 7/14/02)
2002        Jul 13, Outside Jammu, Kashmir, a grenade and gun attack on a Hindu slum that left 27 people dead, dozens wounded and rekindled fears of war with nuclear neighbor Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 7/14/02)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 13, It was reported that Dr. P.V. Rajiv in southern India saved three sick newborn babies using a cloned version of the anti-impotence drug Viagra. "We saved the babies by giving sildenafil citrate, also called Viagra," he said. Dr. Rajiv first gave the drug orally to a baby suffering pulmonary hypertension, after consulting international journals which reported its use to treat adults in a similar condition. Blue babies have a condition that contracts vessels carrying oxygen-rich blood to the lungs.
    (AP, 7/13/02)
2002        Jul 13,  In southern Iraq 7 civilians were reported injured in U.S. air raids.
    (AP, 7/14/02)
2002        Jul 13, Police in northern Kenya opened fire on protesters outside a U.N. refugee camp, killing three people.
    (AP, 7/13/02)
2002        Jul 13,  Morocco's King Mohammed VI publicly celebrated his marriage to a 24-year-old computer engineer during two days of festivities that showed the 38-year-old king's desire to modernize the monarchy.
    (AP, 7/13/02)
2002        Jul 13, In Mansahra, northern Pakistan, 9 foreigners and three Pakistanis were hurt when an unidentified assailant hurled a hand grenade at a tourist party.
    (Reuters, 7/13/02)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A20)
2002        Jul 13, President Alejandro Toledo declared a state of emergency Saturday in southeast Peru, where snow and freezing weather has killed at least 18 people in less than two weeks.
    (AP, 7/13/02)

2002        Jul 14, Joaquin Balaguer (95), who ruled the Dominican Republic for 22 years and dominated his country's politics for years after leaving office, died.
    (AP, 7/14/02)(SFC, 7/15/02, p.B6)
2002        Jul 14, Maxime Brunerie, a man described as an emotionally disturbed neo-Nazi, tried to assassinate French President Jacques Chirac. He pulled a rifle from a guitar case and fired off a shot before being wrestled to the ground during a Bastille Day parade. Brunerie, sentenced to 10 years, was released from prison in 2009.
    (AP, 7/14/02)(AP, 8/22/09)
2002        Jul 14, Mexican state officials freed 10 prisoners in hopes of winning freedom for hostages held by farmers protesting construction of a new Mexico City airport.
    (AP, 7/15/02)
2002        Jul 14, A Palestinian man, on trial for allegedly collaborating with Israel, was killed by Palestinian militants after an Israeli airstrike disrupted court proceedings. Israeli aircraft fired missiles and destroyed a building in the southern Gaza Strip, injuring about 10 Palestinians.
    (AP, 7/14/02)
2002        Jul 14, A bus with 52 passengers, mostly Polish students, crashed in western Romania, killing five people and injuring 26.
    (AP, 7/14/02)
2002        Jul 14, A passenger bus overturned and burst into flames after hitting a cow, killing at least 18 people in South Africa's Eastern Cape province.
    (AP, 7/15/02)

2002        Jul 15, The US Senate voted  97-0 for a bill to crack down on corporate accounting abuses.
    (WSJ, 7/16/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 15, John Walker Lindh agreed to serve 20 years in prison for fighting in Afghanistan in a plea bargain with the government. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison on Oct 4.
    (WSJ, 7/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 15, A federal agency approved Navy plans for a sonar system to search out enemy submarines despite potential injury to whales and dolphins.
    (SFC, 7/16/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 15, In Stanton, Ca., Samantha Runnion (5) was kidnapped. Her body was found the next day in Riverside county. An autopsy revealed that she had been sexually abused and died from a crushed abdomen. A sample of DNA was also found under her fingernail. On July 19 police arrested Alejandro Avila (27), previously acquitted for child molestation. In 2005 Avila was convicted of kidnapping, murder and sexual assault. On May 16 a jury called for the death penalty. He was sentenced to death on July 22.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A2)(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/29/05, p.A4)(SFC, 5/17/05, p.B8)(SFC, 7/23/05, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samantha_Runnion)
2002        Jul 15, A Canadian National freight train derailed and caught fire near Allenton, Wisc., and 34 of 107 cars jumped the tracks.
    (SFC, 7/16/02, p.A4)
2002        Jul 15, Osama bin Laden is alive and planning another attack on the United States, said an Arab journalist with close ties to the militant's associates.
    (Reuters, 7/15/02)
2002        Jul 15, Pfizer Corp. agreed to buy Pharmacia Corp. for stock valued at $60 billion.
    (WSJ, 7/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 15, In Mexico farmers ended their protest of a proposed new airport for Mexico City and released 19 hostages after the government promised to reconsider construction terms.
    (SFC, 7/16/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 15, In Nigeria women occupying a ChevronTexaco oil terminal agreed to end their eight-day siege after the company offered to hire at least 25 villagers and to build schools, electrical and water systems.
    (AP, 7/15/02)
2002        Jul 15, A court in Pakistan sentenced British-born Islamic militant Sheikh Ahmed Omar Saeed to death for the kidnap and murder of U.S. reporter Daniel Pearl, drawing a threat of reprisals and calls for Muslims to respond. A Pakistani judge convicted four Islamic militants in the kidnap-slaying of Wall Street Journal correspondent Daniel Pearl.
    (Reuters, 7/15/02)(SFC, 7/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/15/03)
2002        Jul 15, Nationwide demonstrations in Paraguay called for the ouster of Pres. Luis Gonzalez Macchi, who imposed a state of emergency.
    (SFC, 7/16/02, p.A4)(SFC, 7/17/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 15, Philippine gunmen shot dead four supporters of candidates as Filipinos voted in local community elections after a bloody campaign that left scores of people dead. The 90 day election campaign left 71 people dead.
    (Reuters, 7/15/02)

2002        Jul 16, The body of Samantha Runnion (5), who had been kidnapped a day earlier from her home in Stanton, Calif., was found in a heavily forested area about 50 miles away.
    (AP, 7/16/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samantha_Runnion)
2002        Jul 16, Belgian banks signed agreements to pay some $54 million to the country's Jewish community for property lost during the Nazi occupation.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 16, In Chechnya separatist fighters attacked Russian army convoys and checkpoints and 6 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 16, In Ecuador Julia Butterfly Hill was arrested with 7 other demonstrators in Quito for protesting a proposed oil pipeline from the Amazon Basin to the port of Esmeraldas that would run through the Mindo-Nambillo Reserve. Hill was deported July 18.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A12)(SFC, 7/19/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 16, In Ecuador rains caused a landslide that buried 11 vehicles including a bus with 40 people.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A15)
2002        Jul 18, Greek police reported the capture of Alexandros Giotopoulos (58), the alleged head of the November 17 terror group. Police also reported confessions from other members to bombings and assassinations.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 16, In India-controlled Kashmir a grenade wounded at least 13 people in Anantnag.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A7)
2002        Jul 16, The Irish Republican Army issued an unprecedented apology for hundreds of civilian deaths over 30 years.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2002        Jul 16, In the West Bank Palestinian gunmen ambushed a bus at the Emmanuel settlement left 8 Israelis dead.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/18/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 17, Sen. Charles Grassley of Iowa reported that some 200 Army personnel had used government charge cards to get cash to spend at strip clubs near military bases. Soldiers ran up a $38,000 bill.
    (WSJ, 7/18/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A6)
2002        Jul 17, The National Cancer Institute published a report that linked estrogen used for hormone replacement to ovarian cancer.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 17, In Britain, a one-day strike by 750,000 municipal employees closed schools, libraries and recreation centers in their first national walkout in more than two decades.
    (AP, 7/17/03)
2002        Jul 17, In Israel a double suicide bombing in Tel Aviv killed two foreign workers and one Israeli. Over 40 people were injured.
    (WSJ, 7/18/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/17/07)
2002        Jul 17, In Nigeria hundreds of unarmed women of the Ijaw tribe seized control of at least 4 more ChevronTexaco facilities in the Niger Delta.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A17)
2002        Jul 17, In Paraguay Pres. Macchi announced the lifting of a state of emergency following 2 days of protests over his economic policies.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A15)
2002        Jul 17, Spanish troops reclaimed the island of Perejil off the coast of Morocco, a week after it was occupied by Moroccan troops.
    (WSJ, 7/18/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A17)
2002        Ju 17, Switzerland formally requested membership to the United Nations.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A15)

2002        Jul 18, Accused Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui tried to plead guilty to charges that could have brought the death penalty, but a federal judge in Alexandria, Va., insisted he take time to think about it.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2002        Jul 18, US Army Sec. Thomas White defended his sale of $12 million in Enron stock before the company went bust. Records showed that he had made 77 phone calls to Enron in the 10 months ending Feb 2002.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 18, The California Supreme Court ruled that the state's marijuana law can help pot smokers avoid being tried for drug offenses.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 18, It was reported that drought in western US states was causing the biggest grasshopper invasion in 50 years. Nebraska was among the hardest hit.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A2)
2002        Jul 18, Bob Pittman stepped down as chief operating officer of AOL Time Warner in a shake-up at the world's largest media company.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2002        Jul 18, A Canadian Forces helicopter crashed in a remote region of Labrador, killing two pilots and injuring two other helicopter personnel.
    (Reuters, 7/18/02)
2002        Jul 18, Rebels attacked a central Colombian town and clashed with police in an hours long battle, leaving four civilians and four rebels dead and destroying dozens of houses and government buildings.
    (AP, 7/18/02)
2002        Jul 18, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder fired defense minister Rudolf Scharping for accepting some $72,000 in payments from a public relations firm.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A18)
2002        Jul 18, Greek police reported the capture of Alexandros Giotopoulos (58), the alleged head of the November 17 terror group. Police also reported confessions from members Christodoulos Xiros and brother Vassilis Xiros to bombings and assassinations.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 18, In India legislators elected Abdul Kalam, father of their nuclear missile program, as the country's 12th president.
    (WSJ, 7/19/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 18, In India separatist guerrillas ambushed a police convoy in Dijungmukh, Assam state, and 7 police officers were killed.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 18, In Pakistan Anwar Kenneth (40), a Christian, was convicted of blasphemy and sentenced to death by hanging. He had called Islam a fake religion and said he was Jesus Christ.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 18, In western Uganda a fuel truck and a bus collided, killing more than 60 people in a fiery explosion near Lutoto.
    (AP, 7/19/02)(SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)

2002        Jul 19, The Dow Jones industrials dipped below their post-terrorist attack lows in a 390-point sell-off.
    (AP, 7/19/03)
2002        Jul 19, Alejandro Avila was arrested in connection with the slaying of 5-year-old Samantha Runnion of Stanton, Calif.
    (AP, 7/19/03)
2002        Jul 19, ConAgra Beef Co. began recalling 19 million pounds of beef, manufactured in Greeley, Colo., over the last 3 months, due to possible E. coli contamination.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 19, US and British warplanes destroyed a military communications facility in southern Iraq. Iraq said the strike killed 5 people including a couple and their children.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A11)
2002        Jul 19, Alexander I. Ginzburg (65), Russian-born poet, died in Paris. In 1959 he created the 1st samizdat (self-published journal) of the post-Stalin period. He was flown to the US in 1979 as part of an exchange for Soviet spies.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A27)
2002        Jul 19, Alan Lomax (87), musicologist and son of folklorist John A. Lomax, died in Safety Harbor, Fla. His books included the book "The Land Where the Blues Began." In 2010 John Szwed authored “Alan Lomax: The Man Who Recorded the World."
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 1/23/11, p.G5)
2002        Jul 19, In Australia Evdokia Petrov (88), former Soviet Union spy, died in Melbourne. She lived under the name Maria Anna Allyson. Her husband Vladimir Petrov (1991) was the third secretary at the Soviet embassy in Australia and also covertly served as a KGB spy. They defected in 1954.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 19, Britain's government said it would pay $7 million in compensation to more than 220 Kenyans who say they are victims of unexploded ammunition left behind by British troops.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19,  In Britain authorities reported that family doctor Harold Shipman, Britain's worst serial killer, murdered 215 of his patients in 23 years as a trusted small-town practitioner. [see Jun, 1998]
    (AP, 7/19/02)(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A8)
2002        Jul 19, In Bolivia a crowded bus plunged into a ravine in an Andean road near La Paz, killing 19 and injuring 15.
    (AP, 7/19/02)
2002        Jul 19, In central China a downpour of giant hailstones, some the size of eggs, killed 15 people and left hospitals overflowing with head-wound victims.
    (Reuters, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19, In eastern Guatemala a passenger bus slammed head-on into a semi truck, killing 16 people.
    (AP, 7/19/02)
2002        Jul 19, Tens of thousands of Iranians took to the streets of the capital condemning President Bush for criticizing their government with calls of "Death to America" and "Death to Bush."
    (AP, 7/19/02)
2002        Jul 19, Israel introduced collective punishment on the family of Ali Ajouri, following his role in the July 17 suicide bombing.
    (AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Jul 19, Italy took steps to return the prized Axum obelisk to Ethiopia. The 1,700-year-old monument was hauled off by Italian forces after their 1937 invasion of the African country.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19, In Abiteye, Nigeria, unarmed women occupying at least four ChevronTexaco facilities took two hostages in a bid to meet with oil executives.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19,  In Saudi Arabia a passenger bus collided head on with a truck and caught fire outside the holy city of Mecca, killing 26 people and injuring 24 others.
    (AP, 7/21/02)

2002        Jul 20, Omar Bernal, rebel commander of the 63rd front of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, surrendered Saturday to soldiers in southern Colombia, saying he had lost faith in the decades-old guerrilla uprising.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 20, In Greece police arrested two more alleged November 17 terrorists, Iraklis Kostaris and Costas Karatsolis, both 36-year-old real estate agents. One was believed to be a hit man in four assassinations including those of a U.S. Air Force sergeant and a British brigadier.
    (AP, 7/21/02)
2002        Jul 20, A car exploded near a mosque in an Israeli Arab neighborhood of Tel Aviv, killing the driver.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 20, The number of Japanese who have died after taking diet pills imported from China has risen to four and 124 have fallen ill, Kyodo news agency reported quoting a Health Ministry report.
    (Reuters, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 20, Refugees in flight from Liberia's war surged to 200,000, and those reaching safety in neighboring Guinea spoke of worsening atrocities by President Charles Taylor's forces: looting, raping, burning and killing trapped villagers. Jubilant government troops strutted through heavily looted Tubmanburg after driving away rebel forces who had controlled it for close to three months.
    (AP, 7/20/02)(AP, 7/21/02)
2002        Jul 20, In southeastern Nigeria unarmed women occupying at least four ChevronTexaco facilities said they had freed their two hostages in return for a promise from oil executives to meet with them.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 20, In Nigeria a huge fire broke out Saturday at ChevronTexaco's main oil terminal, days after unarmed village women ended a 10-day siege that crippled the oil giant's local operations.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 20-2002 Jul 22, In Nigeria dozens of villagers have been killed, many hacked to death, in three days of clashes between rival political factions battling for influence in an oil-rich area of the Niger Delta.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 20, In Lima, Peru, 29 people, a lion and a tiger that were part of the show, died in a blaze started by bartenders who were doing tricks with fire at Utopia, an unlicensed night club.
    (AP, 7/20/03)
2002        Jul 20, In northeastern Sicily a passenger train derailed and apparently crashed into an abandoned house, killing at least eight people and injuring some 30 others.
    (AP, 7/21/02)
2002        Jul 20, Sudan signed a peace deal with southern rebels in Kenya.
    (WSJ, 7/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 21, WorldCom filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy about a month after disclosing it had inflated profits by nearly $4 billion through deceptive accounting. With $107 billion in assets, it was the largest US bankruptcy ever.
    (SFC, 7/22/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/21/03)
2002        Jul 21, In south central Oregon an 87,000 acre wildfire burned along a mile-long front.
    (SFC, 7/22/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 21, Ernie Els won the British Open in the first sudden-death finish in the 142-year history of the tournament.
    (AP, 7/21/03)
2002        Jul 21, In Iraq executions of 15 political dissidents took place in the Abu Gharib prison, west of Baghdad, and the bodies were buried at night in a mass grave at al-Karkh cemetery in Baghdad. The Iraqi opposition group Center for Human Rights reported this Sep 30.
    (AP, 9/30/02)
2002        Jul 21, In Israel an explosion under a moving passenger train near Tel Aviv moderately injured one Israeli.
    (AP, 7/21/02)
2002        Jul 21, In the Philippines 3 people drowned in floods and a landslide buried alive a family of three as heavy rains pummeled the main island of Luzon, including Manila.
    (Reuters, 7/21/02)
2002        Jul 21, In Russia fighting started when a vendor at the Moscow Orion market opened fire at a group of wholesale buyers who allegedly refused to pay him for his goods. The armed vendor was from the Dagestan region in southern Russia, and the buyers were from the former Soviet republic of Azerbaijan.
    (AP, 7/22/02)
2002        Jul 21, A methane gas explosion tore through a Ukrainian coal mine, killing at least six miners and leaving more than 28 missing.
    (AP, 7/21/02)

2002        Jul 22, The Bush administration said it would not contribute to a UN program that it contends provides aid to the Chinese government to coerce women in getting abortions. $34 million was withheld under the 1985 Kemp-Kasten law.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 22, Gov. Davis signed a bill for California air regulators to enact measures by 2009 to cut vehicle emissions of greenhouse gases believed to contribute to global warming.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 22, North Dakota's Gov. John Hoeven was headed to Cuba to promote trade of peas, wheat and other foods to the communist island from his state. It was only the 2nd visit to Cuba by a sitting American governor in some 40 years.
    (AP, 7/22/02)
2002        Jul 22, Factory worker Alejandro Avila was charged with murder and kidnapping in the abduction and slaying of 5-year-old Samantha Runnion of Stanton, Calif.
    (AP, 7/22/03)
2002        Jul 22, The DJIA fell almost 234 points to 7,785. Nasdaq fell 3% to 1,283.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 22, At least 12 people have been killed in clashes between rival Afghan factions fighting for control of the Sheen Dend district in the western province of Herat.
    (Reuters, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Bosnia forensic experts discovered a mass grave in the northeast that may contain up to 100 bodies of Muslims killed at the end of the country's 1992-95 war.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Brazil assailants tortured and killed Bartolemeu Morais da Silva (44), a prominent activist who had been organizing land occupations by the poor in a southern Amazon state.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22, Congolese and Rwandan leaders said that they've reached an agreement to end a four-year war in Congo, a fight that has defied resolution as it drew in eight African countries and claimed more than two million lives.
    (AP, 7/22/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Northern Ireland Gerald Lawlor (19), a Catholic man, was shot to death after a night of gun attacks left two others wounded in north Belfast. The Ulster Defense Assoc. claimed responsibility. UDA attackers selected Lawlor because he was walking through a predominantly Catholic area and wearing the green-and-white shirt of Glasgow Celtic, a Scottish soccer club supported exclusively by Catholics in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 7/22/02)(SFC, 7/23/02, p.A6)(AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected separatist rebels were killed in a shootout with troops while a policeman and a civilian were wounded in separate blasts.
    (Reuters, 7/22/02)
2002        Jul 22, Israeli troops killed 2 Islamic Jihad members in a clash near the Gush Katif settlement.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A10)
2002        Jul 22, Morocco and Spain, prodded by the US, agreed to leave Perejil Island empty and free of symbols of sovereignty and planned for future talks on the issue.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A8)
2002        Jul 22, Ahmed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz (43), the genial Saudi prince who dominated racing the last two years with Kentucky Derby winner War Emblem and 2001 horse of the year Point Given, died.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22-24, Flooding in southeastern Venezuela killed 5 people and left as many as 50,000 homeless in Apure state.
    (AP, 7/23/02)(SFC, 7/25/02, p.A12)     

2002        Jul 23, Pres. Bush signed legislation designating Nevada's Yucca Mountain as the nation's nuclear waste repository.
    (WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 23, In California the Davis administration and Oracle Corp. agreed to cancel a $95 million DB software contract.
    (SFC, 7/24/02, p.A18)
2002        Jul 23, In California a growing fire in Sequoia Nat'l. Park consumed 48,200 acres in 3 days.
    (SFC, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 23, The DJIA fell 82 to 7702. The Nasdaq fell 53 to 1229.
    (WSJ, 7/24/02, p.C1)
2002        Jul 23, Leo McKern (82), Australian actor, died in Bath, England. He played the barrister in the TV show "Rumpole of the Bailey."
    (SFC, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 23, Chaim Potok (73), rabbi and author of novels that included "The Chosen," died at his home in suburban Philadelphia. "Literature presents you with alternative mappings of the human experience."
    (SFC, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 23, William Pierce (d.2002), white supremacist author of the 1978 "Turner Diaries," died in Hillsboro, West Virginia.
    (WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 23, Maria Adela Gard de Antokoletz (90), one of the founding members of the Argentine human rights group Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, died.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 23, Welsh archbishop Rowan Williams was chosen to be the 104th archbishop of Canterbury, spiritual leader of the world's Anglicans.
    (AP, 7/23/03)
2002        Jul 23, A frail Pope John Paul II walked down the steps of his plane instead of using a lift after arriving in Canada to join thousands of young Catholic pilgrims for World Youth Day. Tens of thousands of exuberant young Catholics massed in Toronto to greet the Pope.
    (AP, 7/23/02)(Reuters, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 23, In Colombia a bomb exploded in front of a Medellin restaurant where politicians and journalists traditionally gather, killing a former congressman and injuring nine other people.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 23, An Israeli F-16 warplane dropped a one ton bomb that flattened a Gaza City apartment building, killing Salah Shehadeh, the leader of Hamas' military wing, and at least 14 other Palestinians, including nine children. Shehadeh was at the top of Israel's most wanted list. The dead included Shehadeh’s wife and 3 kids. In 2009 a Spanish judge began an investigation into seven current or former Israeli officials over the 2002 bombing. In 2011 an Israeli inquiry ruled the air strike legal and blamed faulty intelligence for the civilian deaths. 
    (AP, 7/23/02)(SFC, 7/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/29/09)(SFC, 2/28/11, p.A2)
2002        Jul 23, In Nepal floods and landslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains killed at least 11 people over the last 2 days, bringing to 67 the number of deaths caused by bad weather over the past two weeks.
    (Reuters, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 23-24, In Turkey floods and lightning caused by summer storms have killed at least 18 people. Three other people were missing.
    (AP, 7/24/02)
2002        Jul 23, In Zimbabwe at least 15 people illegally mining gold were killed when an abandoned mine shaft in Mhondoro caved in.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2002        Jul 24, The US House voted 420-1 to oust Rep. James Traficant, an Ohio Democrat. On  July 30 Traficant was sentenced to 8 years in prison for bribery and racketeering.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/31/02, p.A4)(SFC, 9/2/09, p.A6)
2002        Jul 24, John Rigas (78), CEO of Adelphia Comm. Corp., was arrested with his 2 sons on charges of that they looted the company of more than $1 billion.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, The DJIA rose 488 to 8,191 and Nasdaq rose 61 to 1,290.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, In Pennsylvania 9 coal miners were trapped by a flood 240 feet underground. All 9 were rescued Jul 27.
    (WSJ, 7/26/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, In Houston, Texas, Clara Harris ran over her cheating husband with her Mercedes after catching him with his mistress. Harris (45) was convicted of murder Feb 13, 2003.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A5)
2002        Jul 24, A truck bomb exploded in San Juan de Rioseco, Colombia, and 2 police officers were killed.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A13)
2002        Jul 24, In Congo Hutu rebels rejected a peace deal that would force them back to Rwanda.
    (WSJ, 7/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, The European Union will give an extra $32 million to the U.N. Population Fund to help replace the U.S. money being withheld because of concerns about coercive abortions.
    (AP, 7/24/02)
2002        Jul 24, Indonesian prosecutors demanded that parliament speaker Akbar Tandjung be jailed for four years over the alleged misuse of $4 million in a politically sensitive graft scandal.
    (Reuters, 7/24/02)
2002        Jul 24, In Russia PM Mikhail Kasyanov ordered all businesses to adopt international accounting standards by 2004.
    (WSJ, 7/25/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 24, In northern Uganda a group of Lord's Resistance Army rebels entered Muchwini, 285 miles north of Kampala, and  killed at least 42 people.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 24, The UN voted 35-8 on a plan to enforce a convention on torture that called for independent visits to prisons. The US failed to block the vote.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 7/25/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 25, Encouraged by a tinny tapping sound coming up from the depths, rescuers in Somerset, Pa., brought in a huge drill in a race to save nine coal miners trapped 240 feet underground by a flooded shaft.
    (AP, 7/25/03)
2002        Jul 25, Zacarias Moussaoui declared he was guilty of conspiracy in the Sept. 11 attacks, then dramatically withdrew his plea at his arraignment in Alexandria, Va.
    (AP, 7/25/03)
2002        Jul 25, In Canada Pope John Paul made his first appearance at a Catholic youth festival before as many as 200,000 young faithful eager to welcome the aging Pontiff with prayer and song.
    (Reuters, 7/25/02)
2002        Jul 25, Chinese police have formally arrested Liu Xiaoqing, one of the country's most famous film stars and 2-time winner of the prestigious Hundred Flowers Best Actress award, on suspicion of large-scale tax evasion. Liu was queen of Chinese cinema in the 1980s and is best remembered for playing Qing Dynasty Empress Dowager Cixi in the film "The Reign Behind the Curtain."
    (Reuters, 7/25/02)
2002        Jul 25, Some 5,000 women gathered from all over Colombia, traveling hours by bus, all with one message: They wanted an end to 38 years of civil war.
    (AP, 7/25/02)
2002        Jul 25, Israeli police said an Israeli policeman has been arrested on suspicion of selling ammunition to Palestinians, raising to ten the number of suspects detained in the case.
    (AP, 7/25/02)
2002        Jul 25, Torrential monsoon rains and overflowing rivers worsened flooding in eastern India, Nepal and Bangladesh and officials said 270 people have died and more than six million people have been left homeless during the last 5 days.
    (Reuters, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 25, Hundreds of Nigerian women left ChevronTexaco pumping stations in canoes and on foot following an agreement with company executives.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 25, Palestinian gunmen shot dead a Jewish rabbi settler in what militants called the first response to an Israeli air strike that killed 15 Palestinians including a top militant.
    (Reuters, 7/25/02)
2002        Jul 25, In Russia Pres. Putin signed into law a bill that allowed the sale of farmland, but not to foreigners.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A17)
2002        Jul 25, The Spanish government welcomed a British proposal to turn its military base in Gibraltar into a NATO facility, a move that would open it to all alliance members including Spain. Spain and Britain came up with the idea of sharing sovereignty over the Rock. This was rejected resoundingly in a nonbinding referendum in Gibraltar.
    (AP, 7/25/02)(AP, 9/19/06)
2002        Jul 25, In Vietnam the National Assembly approved a 2nd term for PM Phan Van Khai (68).
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A17)

2002        Jul 26, The US Republican-led House voted, 295 to 132, to create an enormous Homeland Security Department, the biggest government reorganization in decades.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2002        Jul 25, Cassandra Williamson (6) vanished from a suburban St. Louis home; her body was found hours later at an abandoned glass factory. Johnny Johnson (24), an acquaintance of Cassandra's father who had spent the night at the house was later indicted for murder.
    (SFC, 7/27/02, p.A3)(AP, 7/26/03)
2002        Jul 26, The SF-based Texas Pacific Group agreed to buy Burger King from Diageo PLC for $2.26 billion.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.B1)
2002        Jul 26, Hershey Foods in Hershey, Pa., announced that it would put itself up for sale under directions by the Hershey Trust Co.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.B3)
2002        Jul 26, In Argentina a new Evita Museum opened in Buenos Aires on the 50-year anniversary of her death.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 26, In Brazil the new $1.4 billion Amazon Radar Surveillance (SIVAM), developed by Raytheon, was unveiled. It was to be used to curb crime and gather economic data.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 26, The Burundian army claimed it has killed at least 500 Hutu rebels during fighting over the last two weeks, while suffering only 15 losses.
    (AP, 7/26/02)   
2002        Jul 26, It was reported that the regional Chinese governments of Tibet, Sichuan and Yunnan had agreed to develop an area to be called "The China Shangri-La Ecological Tourist Zone" across 50 counties next to Meili Snow Mountain.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A15)
2002        Jul 26, In Guayaquil, Ecuador, South American presidents gathered for a 2nd region-wide summit in the face of political instability and economic turmoil.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, Indian Vice President Krishan Kant, 75, died of a heart attack.
    (Reuters, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 26, An Indonesian court sentenced former President Suharto's son Tommy to a total of 15 years in jail for paying a hitman to kill a Supreme Court judge and other offences.
    (Reuters, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, In Indonesia bomb-like explosions hit the troubled city of Ambon, injuring 51 people, 10 of them seriously.
    (Reuters, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 26, Israel sent tanks and troops into Gaza City. Troops fatally shot a Palestinian man as he stood in his kitchen in Qalqilya. Palestinian security officials said Israeli soldiers were firing live ammunition as they searched houses, and that the man had been hit in the head.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, Liberian attackers crossed into eastern Sierra Leone and abducted 18 villagers, in the second such raid in just over a week.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, Jose Juan Palafox, a regional director of Mexico's main intelligence agency was slain in the border city of Tijuana, the 11th person killed this week in what authorities say is an escalating drug war.
    (AP, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 26, Palestinian gunmen waiting in ambush fired on two passing Israeli cars near a Jewish settlement in the southern West Bank, killing four people and injuring two children before fleeing.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, In Peru 2 buses collided on a slick highway on the coast and another bus slammed into them, killing at least 12 people and injuring 37.
    (AP, 7/26/02)

2002        Jul 27, John Ruiz retained the WBA heavyweight title in Las Vegas after his opponent, Kirk Johnson, was disqualified for hitting low blows.
    (AP, 7/27/03)
2002        Jul 27, Five US soldiers were wounded during a joint recon patrol east of Khost. 2 allied Afghan militiamen were killed. On Aug 7 Sgt. Christopher James Speer (28) of Albuquerque died from his wounds. Omar Khadr (15) was arrested for throwing the grenade that mortally wounded Speer and sent to Guantanamo. Khadr was born in Canada to a family with deep ties to al-Qaida. In 2007 a military judge dismissed charges against Khadr.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A6)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.A4)(AP, 6/4/07)
2002        Jul 27, Nearly 60 false killer whales stranded on an Australian beach died or were euthanized after failed attempts to return them to the water.
    (AP, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 27, In Austria a hand grenade exploded in the X-Large Disco makeshift discotheque in Linz, frequented by young Serbian and Croatian immigrants, wounding 27 teenage revelers.
    (AP, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 27, In Iran a hard-line court outlawed the leading reform-minded opposition party, the Freedom Movement, and gave its leaders jail terms of up to 10 years and fines of more than $6,000. The court said Freedom Movement leaders acted against national security with the intention of "overthrowing the establishment."
    (AP, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 27, New Zealanders gave Prime Minister Helen Clark a historic second term after she called early elections to capitalize on a strong economy that pulled the country through the global slump largely untouched.
    (AP, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 27, In Pakistan a court sentenced Wajihul Hassan (27) to death for making derogatory comments about the prophet Mohammed and Islam.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 27, South American leaders ended a two-day summit with an agreement to strengthen cooperation to better negotiate with the United States a free-trade zone for the hemisphere. In a document called the "Guayaquil Consensus," the 10 presidents said it was important to fortify cooperation between the region's two major trade blocs (Mercosur, made up of Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, with Chile and Bolivia as associated members, and the Andean pact, composed of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia) to permit South America to proceed successfully with negotiations for a hemispheric-wide free-trade zone.
    (AP, 7/27/02)     
2002        Jul 27, In Lviv, Ukraine, a fighter jet slammed onto the tarmac and sliced through a crowd watching an air show, killing 85 people and injured 116.
    (AP, 7/28/02)(WSJ, 8/8/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 28, Aircraft from U.S.-British air patrols over southern Iraq bombed an Iraqi communications site, the sixth strike this month in retaliation for what the Pentagon says were hostile actions by Iraq.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 28, Cycling champion Lance Armstrong won his fourth straight Tour de France.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
2002        Jul 28, In Somerset, Pennsylvania 9 coal miners, trapped July 24 by a flood 240 feet underground, were rescued after 77 hours underground in the Quecreek Mine.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/28/03)
2002        Jul 28, Police in Dallas found 2 bodies in a tractor trailer from which some 40 suspected illegal immigrants had escaped earlier.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 28, In Algeria Rachid Abou Tourab, the head of a violent Islamic group believed to have killed scores of civilians during a decade-long rebellion, was killed with 15 associates in a confrontation with government troops.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 28, In Canada Pope John Paul ended the celebrations of World Youth Day for 800,000 people in Toronto's massive Downsview Park. Speaking publicly on the church abuse scandal for the first time, Pope John Paul II told young Catholics that sexual abuse of children by priests "fills us all with a deep sense of sadness and shame."
    (Reuters, 7/29/02)(AP, 7/28/03)
2002        Jul 28, Myanmar's military government released 32 political prisoners, among them 14 members of the opposition, ahead of the visit next month of top U.N. envoy Razali Ismail.
    (AP, 7/28/02)
2002        Jul 28, Jewish settlers went on a rampage as they returned home from the funeral of an Israeli soldier, shooting dead a 14-year-old girl and wounding several other Palestinians.
    (AP, 7/28/02)(SFC, 7/31/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 28, Torrential overnight rains set off more floods in eastern India as the death toll from floods in India, Nepal and Bangladesh passed 300.
    (Reuters, 7/28/02)
2002        Jul 28,  A Russian Il-86 cargo plane crashed into a forest shortly after taking off from Moscow's Sheremetyevo-1 airport, killing 14 people. There were two survivors, officials said.
    (AP, 7/28/02)
2002        Jul 28, Serbs and ethnic Albanians voted for new, power-sharing local governments in a tense region near Kosovo.
    (AP, 7/28/02)

2002        Jul 29, The Capitol Limited Amtrak train derailed outside Washington DC and over 100 people were injured.
    (SFC, 7/30/02, p.A4)(AP, 7/29/03)
2002        Jul 29, The DJIA rose 447 points to 8,711. It was the 3rd largest point gain in Dow history. Nasdaq rose 73 to 1,335.
    (SFC, 7/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 29, On a mission to stamp out Islamic militancy in Southeast Asia, U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell held talks with Thai leaders, who deny their country is facing a Muslim insurgency.
    (Reuters, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Charles Wysocki (73), popular painter of early Americana, died in southern California.
    (SFC, 8/6/02, p.A20)
2002        Jul 29, In Afghanistan, a man identified by authorities as a would-be suicide bomber with more than a half-ton of explosives in his car was stopped by a chance traffic accident just 300 yards from the U.S. Embassy.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2002        Jul 29, In Canada at least 23 young Cubans from a group who traveled to see Pope John Paul II decided not to return to the communist-ruled island.
    (Reuters, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, In Colombia a small bomb exploded outside a hardware store in downtown Bogota, killing a 17-year-old girl and injuring 10 other people.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Pope John Paul II arrived in Guatemala. Thousands of young people packed into a soccer stadium and spent the night waving candles and chanting "John Paul II, Guatemala loves you.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 29, The United Nations indefinitely suspended aid operations in Chechnya after the kidnapping last week of a Russian aid worker in the breakaway republic.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, In Nigeria presidential bodyguards opened fire on young men who were throwing stones near the rear of Obasanjo's mile-long motorcade. Some people were seen falling with multiple gunshot wounds, and at least six limp bodies were seen being hauled away.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Thousands of Palestinians defied the Israeli army's around-the-clock curfew for the second straight day, and took to the streets of Nablus as shops and banks opened to accommodate them.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Serbia's ruling coalition moved to oust all 45 members of Yugoslav President Vojislav Kostunica's party from parliament, the latest threat to Yugoslavia's political stability.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Sudanese government-backed forces killed a foreign aid worker and abducted three others in an oil-rich area of Sudan. A rebel leader said the government killed some 1,000 civilians in a separate attack in the same region.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2002        Jul 30, WNBA player Lisa Leslie became the first woman to dunk in a professional game on a breakaway in the first half of the Los Angeles Sparks' 82-73 loss to the Miami Sol.
    (AP, 7/30/03)
2002        Jul 30, President Bush signed into law the most far-reaching government crackdown on business fraud since the Depression. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, named after sponsors Paul Sarbanes and Mike Oxley, was signed into law in response to corporate scandals. Its rules included the independence of corporate directors’ requirements for better internal monitoring. The law curbed stock option backdating by requiring prompt reporting of stock option grants. The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCOAB) was established as part of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. In 2006 the Free Enterprise Fund filed a suit claiming that the PCOAB is unconstitutional.
    (AP, 7/30/03)(WSJ, 7/22/03, p.B1)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.70)(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A6)
2002        Jul 30, Expelled from Congress a week earlier, an unrepentant Ohio Democrat James A. Traficant Jr. was sentenced to eight years behind bars for corruption and made it clear he intended to run for re-election from his prison cell — and expected to win. He didn't. Traficant was released from prison in Rochester, Minnesota, on Sep 2, 2009.
    (AP, 7/30/03)(SFC, 9/3/09, p.A6)
2002        Jul 30, At Cape Cod, Mass. 46 pilot whales beached themselves a 2nd time one day after rescuers managed to return most of a pod back to sea. All the animals died.
    (SFC, 7/31/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 30, In Brazil the real fell 3.3% to 3.3 to the dollar, its 7th consecutive record low.
    (WSJ, 7/31/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 30, The leaders of Congo and Rwanda signed a peace agreement, proclaiming it a key step in efforts to end a war that has embroiled six African nations and left 2.5 million people dead.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, In Egypt a military court convicted 16 members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, mostly academics and professionals, on charges of conspiring against the government and sentenced them to up to five years in prison.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, In Guatemala City Pope John Paul II canonized his 463rd saint, Pedro de San Jose Betancur, a 17th century Spanish missionary and Central America's first saint.
    (SFC, 7/31/02, p.A2)(AP, 7/30/07)
2002        Jul 30, Rome decided to have the coins collected from the Trevi fountain every day and not just on Mondays. The next day Roberto Cercelletta (50), a self-described unemployed Roman resident, self-inflicted razor cuts on his stomach in a protest and asked if the money collected has really gone to the Catholic charity Caritas in past years.
    (AP, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 30, Pope John Paul II began a three-day visit to Mexico to canonize Juan Diego, the first Indian saint. He arrived from Guatemala to a greeting by President Vicente Fox and tens of thousands of people lining Mexico City's streets.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, In the Philippines some 2,000 leftist protestors slammed a U.S.-led anti-terror exercise, ahead of a visit by Secretary of State Colin Powell for talks on combating terrorism.
    (Reuters, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a central Jerusalem fast-food stand popular with police, wounding four Israelis. In the West Bank, gunmen killed two Israeli settlers who had entered a Palestinian village.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2002        Jul 31, The US Senate rejected a Medicare drug-benefit bill but passed a bill to speed generic drugs to market.
    (WSJ, 8/1/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 31, US court papers alleged that Russia's Alimzhan Tokhtakhounov (53) used his influence with members of the Russian and French skating federations to fix the outcome of the pairs and ice dancing competitions at the Salt Lake City Winter Olympics last February. Tokhtakhounov was arrested in Italy. Italy’s highest court denounced an extradition bid and freed Tokhtakhounov.
    (Reuters, 7/31/02)(SFC, 8/1/02, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alimzhan_Tokhtakhounov)
2002        Jul 31, In Chicago a mob beat Anthony Stuckey (49) and Jack Moore (62) to death after their van veered into over a curb and injured 3 women on the South Side. One woman later died from her injuries. On August 3, seven people were charged with 1st degree murder. In 2003 Antonio Fort (16) was cleared of 34 charges, including first-degree murder. Fort had been charged as an adult.
    (SFC, 8/1/02, p.A3)(SSFC, 8/4/02, p.A13)(http://tinyurl.com/59zyfm)
2002        Jul 31, In Brunei U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell met his North Korean counterpart for an informal chat, as easing inter-Korean tensions stole the spotlight at an Asia-Pacific security forum.
    (Reuters, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 31, Southeast Asian nations signed an anti-terror pact on with U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell ahead of his visit to Indonesia.
    (AP, 8/1/02)
2002        Jul 31, In Israel a bomb exploded in a crowded cafeteria at Hebrew University during lunchtime, killing 9 people including 5 Americans and wounding more than 70. Hamas claimed responsibility. The dead included a peace activist named Dafna, who was a close friend of Israeli novelist Avraham Yehoshua. His novel “A Woman in Israel," translated to English in 2006, was dedicated to Dafna.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/31/03)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.73)
2002        Jul 31, An Israeli man, his hands and feet bound, was found shot and killed in his factory office near the West Bank town of Tulkarem.
    (AP, 8/1/02)
2002        Jul 31, In Lebanon a disgruntled Education Ministry employee opened fire at colleagues at a ministry office in Beirut, killing eight people and wounding five before he was apprehended by police.
    (AP, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 31, Thousands of illegal immigrants headed for Malaysia's ports to meet a midnight deadline for them to leave the country or risk a caning.
    (Reuters, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 31, Pope John Paul II canonized Juan Diego, an Indian peasant to whom church tradition says the Virgin Mary appeared 500 years ago, in a ceremony in Mexico that drew more than 1 million believers into the streets.
    (AP, 8/1/02)
2002        Jul 31, In Mexico 6 masked gunmen kidnapped a federal congressman from a town in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 8/1/02)
2002        Jul 31,  In eastern Niger disgruntled soldiers began a mutiny in N'gourti to protest months of unpaid salaries, seizing senior officials in the region and taking control of a radio station.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Jul 31, South Korean lawmakers vetoed the country's first female prime minister, dealing a blow to President Kim Dae-jung, who had nominated her to boost his beleaguered government's image in an election year.
    (Reuters, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 31, Sudanese rebels claimed that government troops using bombers and helicopter gunships attacked areas of a town in Sudan's oil-producing Western Upper Nile Province.
    (AP, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 31, Uruguay prepared to keep banks closed for a second day in an attempt to stanch the flow of capital in the midst of a growing financial crisis.
    (AP, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 31, In Ukraine a coal mine blast killed 19 miners, 3,557 underground.
    (SFC, 8/1/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul, Alexander Downer, Australia’s foreign minister, accused Saddam Hussein of developing weapons of mass destruction. Iraq soon after announced that it would cut its wheat purchases from Australia. Directors of AWB, Australia's wheat exporter, flew to Iraq and struck a new deal for wheat shipments.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)
2002        Jul, Customs inspectors in Belgium noted irregularities in medical shipments from Senegal. It was determined that some 3 million doses of Glaxo HIV drugs worth $18 million had been diverted from Africa back to Europe for sale.
    (SFC, 10/3/02, p.A10)
2002        Jul, A German police investigation linked Muhammad Sultan to an alleged terror-attack plan.
    (WSJ, 1/31/06, p.A6)
2002        Jul, Government-endorsed cooperative banks collapsed across Haiti, losing the life savings of thousands, amid allegations the accounts were used to launder drug money. Violent protests ensue and more Haitians try to reach U.S. shores.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2002        Jul, North Korea introduced some economic reforms that included the withdrawal of state subsidies to state-owned enterprises and the legalization of farmers’ markets. Kim Jong Il declared that farmers could sell any extra produce in small-scale markets. Pak Pong Ju was the architect of these reforms and in 2013 became prime minister under Kim Jong Un.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.41)(Econ., 2/28/15, p.33)
2002        Jul, Minatom, Russia's atomic energy agency, announced a 10-year, $10-billion plan to build 5 more reactors in Iran.
    (SSFC, 9/1/02, p.A1,17)

2002        Aug 1, The United States and a bloc of Southeast Asian nations signed a sweeping anti-terrorism treaty.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2002        Aug 1, Two former WorldCom executives were arrested on charges of falsifying the books at the now-bankrupt long-distance company. David Myers, controller, was charged with securities fraud, conspiracy to commit securities fraud and false filings.
    (AP, 8/1/03)(WSJ, 3/24/05, p.A1)
2002        Aug 1, In California 2 girls (one 16 and Jacqueline Marris, 17) were rescued in Kern County 12 hours after being kidnapped and raped near Lancaster by Roy Ratliff (37). Police shot Ratliff dead. Police credited the new Amber alert system, named after a Texas girl abducted and killed in 1996.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A1,8)(SFC, 8/3/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 1, In NYC the alleged ringleader of a massive identity theft operation was indicted along with 3 associates.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 1, In Atlanta, Georgia, a 35,000 pound billboard collapsed at a suburban shopping center and 3 construction workers were killed.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 1, In Colombia a helicopter crashed while on an army medical evacuation mission in a rebel zone killing six people. Also a 14-year-old girl died and five other people were wounded when suspected rebels threw a grenade at a bakery in the village of Venecia, 40 miles south of Bogota.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 1, In Ghana the government raised the cost of electricity by 60%.
    (SSFC, 12/8/02, p.D6)
2002        Aug 1, In Iran the Education Ministry relaxed dress codes for girls in all-female schools for the 1st time in 23 years.
    (SFC, 8/3/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 1, Opponents of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein shot and wounded his younger son, Qusai (35), in an assassination attempt in Baghdad. The Iraqi National Congress opposition group reported the event 2 weeks later.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 1, In Northern Ireland a Protestant construction worker was killed with a booby-trap bomb. Police blamed the IRA.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A17)
2002        Aug 1, In Mexico Pope John Paul II beatified Juan Bautista and Jacinto de los Angeles (d.1700) as part of a trip reaching out to Indians across the Americas, who have been increasingly converting to rival Protestant faiths. Beatification is a necessary step on the path to sainthood. Bautista and Angeles had informed Spanish authorities of an Indian religious rite and were killed by fellow Indians. Christian officials in response decapitated and quartered 15 men and staked their body parts by the roadside as a warning.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Aug 1, In Mexico the government decided to yield to protests by machete-wielding farmers and radicals and cancelled plans to build a new international airport on the eastern outskirts of Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2002        Aug 2, A federal judge ruled the U.S. government had to reveal the names of people detained in the investigation of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks; an appeals court later sided with federal authorities.
    (AP, 8/2/03)
2002        Aug 2, In Louisiana Gov. Mike Foster declared a state of emergency after West Nile virus killed 4 residents and infected another 58.
    (SFC, 8/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Aug 2, The Angolan government and UNITA rebels declared the official end to their nearly three-decade old civil war.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, Australia and Malaysia signed a counter-terrorism pact which pledged them to work together to fight suspected Islamic militants in the region.
    (Reuters, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, In Greece a cache of weapons, including automatic rifles, was stolen from a military armory after thieves tunneled through a wall.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 2, In Gonaives, Haiti, gunmen broke through the wall of a prison, freeing  Amiot Metayer, a former presidential supporter and head of the Cannibal Army, a militant communal group. 159 of 221 inmates escaped.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 2, Facing an increasing possibility of U.S. military action, Iraq gave the first solid indication in nearly four years that it will allow U.N. weapons inspectors to return and invited the chief inspector to Baghdad for talks.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, The Israeli army blew up two buildings with explosives labs and arrested at least 50 Palestinians in house to house searches as troops took control of Nablus, a city Israel called "the main factory of suicide bombings." Israelis killed 3 people in Nablus and 3 Palestinians in Gaza including a woman (85) and a girl (9).
    (AP, 8/2/02)(SFC, 8/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 2, A government plan to buy Swaziland's King Mswati III a $250 million luxury jet, a price five times the nation's national deficit, drew protests in this South African nation, which has been plagued by severe food shortages.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, In Uruguay the government sent thousands of police to guard shopping districts, a day after looters hit stores and supermarkets as the national economic crisis deepened.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, Pope John Paul II returned to Rome after ending an 11-day pilgrimage to Canada, Guatemala and Mexico.
    (AP, 8/2/03)
2002        Aug 2, In Venezuela gunmen with high-caliber weapons ambushed a police patrol in a Caracas slum, wounding at least five people and raising tensions ahead of a Supreme Court ruling on alleged coup leaders.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2002        Aug 3, The American Service-Members' Protection Act (ASPA), a United States federal law introduced by US Senator Jesse Helms as an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act, was passed by Congress. The stated purpose of the amendment was "to protect United States military personnel and other elected and appointed officials of the United States government against criminal prosecution by an international criminal court to which the United States is not party." It became known as the “Hague invasion act."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Servicemembers%27_Protection_Act)(Econ, 3/7/09, p.67)
2002        Aug 3, Barbara Jean Laney (67), former model and actress (TV’s Sky King), was beaten, strangled and stabbed to death at her Bradenton, Florida, condo. In 2006 Gary Michael Cloud (49) was sentenced to life in prison for her murder.
    (SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/hosx8)
2002        Aug 3, In Indonesia some 5,000 Muslims marched peacefully through Jakarta, calling for the nationwide imposition of Shariah, or Islamic law, to rescue the country from its many ills.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 3, In Londonderry, Northern Ireland, Catholic mail carriers went on strike, over fears they could be targeted in revenge for the latest killing of a local Protestant. Chris Whitson (20), a Catholic, was pummeled outside of Kelly's nightclub in Belfast. He died Aug 13.
    (AP, 8/3/02)(AP, 8/13/02)    
2002        Aug 3, North and South Korea opened a fresh round of talks amid moves by the communist North to improve ties with the United States and Japan and revitalize its faltering economy.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 3, In Nigeria amid political wrangling and fears of violence, President Olusegun Obasanjo said nationwide municipal elections would be postponed for the second time in six months.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 3, Philippine troops captured seven suspected members of the Muslim Abu Sayyaf guerrilla group said to be linked to al Qaeda.
    (AP, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 3, Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian declared in a speech that Taiwan was "not someone else's province" but rather an independent country separate from China. Chen's comments sparked an uproar both in China and at home, prompting him to back away from his pointed rhetoric.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2002        Aug 3, Turkey's parliament approved a reform package aimed at boosting its chances of joining the European Union by abolishing the death penalty and granting greater rights to the nation's Kurds.
    (AP, 8/3/02)

2002        Aug 4, US Treasury Sec. Paul O'Neill arrived in Uruguay and announced a $1.5 billion temporary loan to stabilize the financial crises.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 4, It was reported that low-grade inflammation is worse for human health than high cholesterol levels. Increases of C-reactive protein from the inflammation could trigger the release of lumps of plaque and cause arterial clots leading to heart attacks. Associated factors included high blood pressure, smoking and chronic gum disease.
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.A9)
2002        Aug 4, In Dallas, Tx., a man, woman and 3 children were shot to death. The woman's husband was taken into custody.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 4, In Bolivia Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (72), a wealthy businessman who grew up in the United States and former president (1882-1997), was voted by Congress (84-43) to the presidency for a second time.
    (AP, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 4, Britain's Queen Elizabeth closed Manchester's hugely successful Commonwealth Games after 11 days of sport and ceremony.
    (Reuters, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 4, Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman vanished while walking near their homes in Soham, 12 miles northeast of Cambridge, England. [see Aug 16] On August 17, 2002 a game warden found their partially burned bodies in a six-foot-deep ditch close to the RAF Lakenheath airbase in Suffolk.
    (AP, 8/9/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Huntley)
2002        Aug 4, India's federal government planned to distribute 7.142 billion rupees ($147 million) to 12 states to tackle problems arising out of a failed monsoon. Much of India was facing the worst drought in a decade due to erratic monsoon rains. An outbreak of encephalitis in India's remote northeastern state of Assam rose to 100 on Sunday, as heavy monsoon rains wreaked havoc in large parts of the region.
    (Reuters, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 4, In northern Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber blew apart a bus during rush hour, killing at least nine people, wounding dozens. 3 more people died in a gun battle outside the Damascus Gate. 7 Arabs with Israeli citizenship were later arrested for assisting the bomber.
    (AP, 8/4/02)(SFC, 8/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 4, In southeastern Spain 2 people, including a 6-year-old girl, were killed and several others were injured when a car bomb exploded in front of a military police barracks. Twenty-five others were injured.
    (AP, 8/5/02)

2002        Aug 5, Donald L. Kohn and Ben S. Bernanke took the oath of office as members of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The oath was administered by Chairman Alan Greenspan in the Board Room. Bernanke put aside his book in progress, “Age of Delusion: How politicians and central bankers created the Great Depression," as a condition of government service.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d7qy6)(WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A15)
2002        Aug 5, Shell Oil agreed to pay $28 million to the Tahoe Public Utility District to help cleanup contamination from the gasoline additive MTBE.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A17)
2002        Aug 5, The coral-encrusted 150-ton gun turret of the Civil War ironclad USS Monitor was raised from the floor of the Atlantic off Cape Hatteras, NC, nearly 140 years after the historic warship sank during a storm. Two skeletons and the remains of their uniforms were found. They were interred in Arlington National Cemetery on March 8, 2013.
    (AP, 8/5/03)(SFC, 2/13/13, p.A6)
2002        Aug 5, Joshua Ryan Evans (20), soap opera actor, died.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2002        Aug 5, Chick Hearn (85), Los Angeles Lakers play-by-play announcer, died.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2002        Aug 5, Dr. Sanford L. Palay (83), neuroscientist and author of "The Cerebral Cortex" and other books, died in Concord, Mass.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A20)
2002        Aug 5, Matt Robinson (65), former "Sesame Street" cast member, died.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2002        Aug 5, Winifred Watson (95), a popular writer of the 1930s who found a new readership in the 21st century, died in England. His work included the humorous and risqué novel "Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day" (1938).
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 5, Israel announced a "total ban" on Palestinian travel in much of the West Bank and sealed off a chunk of the Gaza Strip with tanks in response to Palestinian attacks on Israelis that killed 13 people over 24 hours. Israeli helicopters fired missiles at a suspected weapons factory in Gaza City.
    (AP, 8/5/02)(AP, 8/5/07)
2002        Aug 5, Japan launched a compulsory ID system aimed at bringing government into the electronic age in the face of stiff protests calling it a violation of privacy and a temptation to hackers.
    (AP, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 5, In Niger a military revolt spread to the capital, with mutinous soldiers opening fire inside three garrisons in Niamey. Prime Minister Hama Amadou said the city was under control after hours of gunfire.
    (AP, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 5, Six Pakistanis were killed and at least three people wounded when masked men burst into the compound of a Christian missionary school near the town of Murree and opened fire.
    (Reuters, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 5, In Papua New Guinea lawmakers elected founding father Michael Somare as the new prime minister, as armed riot police surrounded Parliament.
    (AP, 8/5/02)     
2002        Aug 5, In northern Uganda rebels overran a camp for Sudanese refugees, killing an undetermined number of people and destroying equipment and supplies. Authorities have found 30 more bodies at a refugee camp attacked and burned by rebels in northern Uganda, bringing the death toll to 55.
    (AP, 8/5/02)(AP, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 5, The Vatican excommunicated 7 women who claimed to have been recently ordained as priests, because they had attacked the fundamental structure of the Catholic Church. The 7 women, from Germany, Austria and the United States, had defied an earlier Vatican warning to repent over their participation in a June 29 ceremony which they claimed made them priests.
    (AP, 8/6/02)(WSJ, 8/6/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 6, President Bush signed legislation restoring broad trade negotiating authority to US presidents. Bush signed the Trade Adjustment Assistance Reform Act (TAA) offering wage insurance to any trade displaced worker over 50.
    (AP, 8/6/03)(www.doleta.gov/tradeact/2002act_index.cfm)(Econ, 1/20/07, p.34)
2002        Aug 6, Surgeons in LA completed a 22-hour operation on Guatemalan twins, Maria de Jesus Quiej Alvarez and sister Maria Teresa, joined at their heads. UCLA doctors donated their services in the $1.5 million operation. They returned to Guatemala Jan 13, 2003.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/8/02, p.A3)(SFC, 2/7/03, p.A12)
2002        Aug 6, In northeastern Congo fighting began between rebels and tribesmen for control of Bunia, an important trading center, and killed at least 48 people, mostly civilians.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 6, In eastern India 20 people were feared drowned when a boat overturned in Bihar state.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A12)
2002        Aug 6, In Jakarta, Indonesia, thousands of protesters stormed parliament to demand constitutional reforms including direct presidential elections.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A12)
2002        Aug 6, Israeli troops killed the suspected mastermind of a Tel Aviv suicide bombing, while U.S. diplomats said the United States was considering moving consular offices out of traditionally Arab east Jerusalem due to security concerns.
    (AP, 8/6/02)
2002        Aug 6, Israel agreed to buy about 1.75 billion cubic feet of water from Turkey annually for the next 20 years to alleviate the nation's growing water shortage and ensure the success of an arms deal with Ankara.
    (AP, 8/602)
2002        Aug 6, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militant lobbed a grenade and opened fire on a group of Hindu pilgrims 175 miles north of Jammu.
    (SFC, 8/6/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 6, In western Mexico the brakes apparently failed on a 26-year-old bus before it plowed through a highway toll booth and slammed into a concrete wall, killing at least 33 people, 10 of them children, headed for a re-enactment of the Last Supper. About 20 people were injured.
    (AP, 8/6/02)
2002        Aug 6, U.N. officials said over 24,000 Sudanese refugees will be moved out of northern Uganda due to rebel attacks. A Ugandan army spokesman raised the death toll in the attack to 23 people.
    (AP, 8/6/02)

2002        Aug 7, Destiny Wright disappeared at a sleepover with other children in Philadelphia. Abdul El-Shabazz (18) was arrested the next day and led police to her body.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 7, Former ImClone Systems chief executive Samuel Waksal was indicted in New York on charges of obstruction of justice and bank fraud in addition to previous securities fraud and perjury charges. Waksal later pleaded guilty to securities fraud and was sentenced to more than seven years in prison.
    (AP, 8/7/03)
2002        Aug 7, Ford Motor Co. and Canadian fuel cell developer Ballard Power Systems Inc. jointly unveiled a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine-driven generator they said could help pave the way toward the commercialization of fuel cell technology.
    (Reuters, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 7, A U.S. Air Force cargo plane crashed on a Puerto Rican mountaintop with at least 10 military personnel on board, and all were feared dead.
    (AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Aug 7, Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill urged Argentina to adopt a sound recovery strategy. As O'Neill prepared to leave Argentina, more than 5,000 people rallied near the president's downtown offices to protest his visit.
    (AP, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 7, In Afghanistan at least 15 people were killed south of Kabul in a shootout between police and recently escaped Pakistani members of al Qaeda.
    (Reuters, 8/7/02)(SFC, 8/9/02, p.A14)
2002        Aug 7, The first British Cabinet minister to visit this country in two decades met with Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, saying Libya was making a serious attempt to move away from its international pariah status.
    (AP, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 7, The IMF agreed to lend Brazil $30 billion to stem a financial panic. This was its biggest loan to date.
    (SFC, 8/8/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 7, In Colombia a remote-controlled mortar attack killed 21 people during the inauguration of Pres. Alvaro Uribe. 69 people were wounded.
    (AP, 8/8/02)(SFC, 8/8/02, p.A1)(www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=2519)
2002        Aug 7, About 30 Israeli tanks firing heavy machineguns raided the northern Gaza Strip in a sweep for militants and troops shot dead a Palestinian policeman.
    (AP, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 7, The Palestinian Cabinet accepted Israel's proposal for a troop withdrawal from some areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip in exchange for Palestinian security guarantees, even as Israeli troops hunting terror suspects killed five Palestinians in three raids.
    (AP, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 7, In the Philippines Marxist rebels vowed all-out resistance against the government's renewed campaign to crush their revolt after President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered the deployment of troops in their strongholds.
    (Reuters, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 7, Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Prince Saud said his country had made it clear to Washington, publicly and privately, that the U.S. military will not be allowed to use the kingdom's soil in any way for an attack on Iraq. Saud said the longtime U.S. ally does not plan to expel American forces from an air base used for flights to monitor Iraq.
    (AP, 8/7/02)(AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Aug 7, In eastern Tajikistan a dam holding water in a lake in the Pamir Mountains broke and flooded a village and killing 20 people.
    (AP, 8/7/02)

2002        Aug 8, The FCC ordered TV manufacturers to install tuners for digital signals in new TV sets by 2007.
    (SFC, 8/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 8, Bankrupt telecommunications firm WorldCom said it had uncovered another $3.3 billion in bogus accounting, adding to the $3.85 billion fraud it revealed in June.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2002        Aug 8, In Oregon the Florence and Sour Biscuit fires merged and formed the largest active fire in the nation. The fire soon covered 308,000 acres.
    (SFC, 8/9/02, p.A9)(SFC, 8/10/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 8, Australia's highest court ruled that Aborigines do not have rights to oil or minerals found under tribal land now being used by mining companies.
    (AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Aug 8, The Chinese government awarded an Australian consortium a 25-year natural gas supply contract in Australia's biggest-ever foreign trade deal.
    (AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Aug 8, In Colombia President Alvaro Uribe pressed ahead with Plan Meteor to equip 1 million citizens with radios to report on rebel activity.
    (AP, 8/9/02)(SFC, 8/9/02, p.A20)
2002        Aug 8, In Indonesia Lorenzo Taddei (34), an Italian tourist, was shot dead in Central Sulawesi when gunmen fired on the bus he was traveling in.
    (Reuters, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 8, In Northern Ireland  gunmen shot the son of Protestant extremist Johnny "Mad Dog" Adair in both legs, an act known as kneecapping.
    (WSJ, 8/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 8, Saddam Hussein organized a big military parade and then warned "the forces of evil" not to attack Iraq as he sought once more to shift the debate away from world demands that he live up to agreements that ended the Gulf War.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2002        Aug 8, Israeli troops and tanks briefly swept into a town in the northern Gaza Strip for the second time in two days, killing a youth and wounding three others in a clash with Palestinian stone throwers. Negotiators failed to reach agreement, but scheduled more talks on a gradual Israeli troop pullback from some Palestinian areas.
    (AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Aug 8, In Nigeria police freed 46 captives many of them chained and badly beaten in raids on five "torture centers" run by a feared vigilante group.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 8, South Korea said 10 people were dead after four days of torrential rains that North Korea reported had also caused scores of casualties and destroyed crops in the hungry communist state.
    (Reuters, 8/8/02)
2002        Aug 8, Taiwan said it may forge ahead with legislation for a referendum on formal independence from China, but sought to soften the blow with an assurance it would not hold a vote unless forced into a corner.
    (AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Aug 8, The bodies of two Uzbek prisoners, Muzafar Avazov and Khusnuddin Olimov, who died in custody while jailed for alleged religious extremism were returned to their families for burial. Both men were jailed for membership in the banned Islamic group Hizb-ut-Tahrir.
    (AP, 8/8/02)

2002        Aug 9, Oscar-winning actor and National Rifle Association president Charlton Heston, 78, revealed that doctors had told him he had symptoms consistent with Alzheimer's disease.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2002        Aug 9, Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 600th homerun and joined the ranks of Henry Aaron (660), Babe Ruth (714) and Willie Mays (755).
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 9, The Bush administration said the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act does not extend beyond the few miles of territorial waters.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A3)
2002        Aug 9, US officials said they broke up an int'l. child pornography ring headquartered in Clovis, Ca. 10 Americans were arrested in Operation Hamlet. Lloyd Alan Emmerson (45), chiropractor, was arrested Jan 26 on a tip from Danish police.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A1,11)(SFC, 8/13/02, p.A13)
2002        Aug 9, Kris Eggle (28), Arizona park ranger, was killed by a gunman at the Mexican border of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument.
    (WSJ, 1/22/03, p.A1)
2002        Aug 9, In eastern Afghanistan a powerful explosion ripped through an Afghan construction firm's building in the city of Jalalabad, killing 21 people and injuring 85 others.
    (AP, 8/9/02)(SFC, 8/10/02, p.A8)
2002        Aug 9, China reported 70 people dead from landslides and flooding in Hunan province.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A9)
2002        Aug 9, In Colombia fighting among outlaw groups for control of a gold mine and cocaine crops in the mountainous north killed 50 fighters. 4 policemen were killed in a rebel ambush in central Colombia in the town of Paz de Ariporo. Army soldiers killed two rebels in the southern town of San Vicente del Caguan.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, In central Colombia hundreds of soldiers attacked the Metro Block right-wing paramilitary force, killing and capturing dozens of fighters outside Segovia. Paramilitary commander Rodrigo later said that an army soldier executed 24 paramilitary men along a roadside near Segovia.
    (AP, 8/10/02)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.A16)(AP, 8/18/02)
2002        Aug 9, In northeastern Congo United Nations observers discovered a grave containing the hacked bodies of 38 women and children outside Bunia.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 9, Makiko Tanaka, former Japanese foreign minister, resigned as a member of parliament after failing to clear up allegations she had misused state funds.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, Myanmar's junta freed 14 political prisoners, but the move was far short of the release of all prisoners of conscience that opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has demanded as a precondition for national reconciliation.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, Three Pakistani nurses were killed when militants lobbed two grenades at a crowd of women leaving a missionary hospital chapel, the second assault on a Christian target in Pakistan in less than a week.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, President Kim Dae-jung named the head of South Korea's largest business newspaper as prime minister, the day after the opposition took control of parliament in a by-election landslide.
    (Reuters, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, Rescue workers found the bodies of 19 people killed swept away by rushing water near Russia's Black Sea coast after some of Europe's worst flooding in decades turned rivers and streets into torrents. At least 27 people died, 21 of them in Russia.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, In Zimbabwe a government deadline for the white farmers to give up their land passed without incident, and it remained uncertain if police would try to forcibly evict them.
    (AP, 8/9/02)

2002        Aug 10, It was reported that the Bush administration had begun warning foreign diplomats that they could lose US military assistance if they join the Int'l. Criminal Court without pledging to protect Americans from its reach. Article 98 allowed nations to negotiate immunity on a bilateral basis.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A12)
2002        Aug 10, Leaders of Roman Catholic religious orders, meeting in Philadelphia, approved details of their plan to keep sexually abusive clergy away from children, while retaining them in the priesthood, creating review boards to monitor how their communities handle offenders.
    (AP, 8/10/07)
2002        Aug 10, In China rescue crews pulled the bodies of 7 workers from a flooded mine in the central Chinese province of Henan. One more was recovered the next day.
    (AP, 8/11/02)
2002        Aug 10, China's Science and Technology Daily reported approval of a home-grown AIDS drug for the first time that will end the dependence of Chinese with the disease on imported medicine. Jiduo Fuding was developed by the Northeast General Pharmaceutical Factory.
    (Reuters, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 10, In rural Upper Egypt 3 gunmen ambushed two vehicles, killing 22 members of a rival family.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 10, Indonesia's top legislature approved direct presidential elections for the world's most populous Muslim country, marking a major step in the nation's messy transition to democracy.
    (Reuters, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 10, Israeli soldiers shot dead a Palestinian electricity department worker as he sat in his city-owned truck and the army expressed its sorrow and said it had opened an investigation. Gunfire in a Jordan Valley settlement killed a suspected Palestinian militant and an Israeli woman.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 10, In Mali a Constitutional Court reversed the outcome of last month's parliamentary elections, giving an opposition alliance a comfortable lead.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 10, In northwestern Mexico a bus crashed through a railing and into a shallow river near Hermosillo, killing 16 passengers and injuring two dozen others.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 10, Kemal Dervis, Turkey's economy minister and the architect of a $16 billion, foreign-backed recovery program, to run for parliament and called on bickering politicians to join forces for a strong government.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 10, A UNICEF report said about 2,500 Haitian children are smuggled illegally into the Dominican Republic each year to work as manual laborers or beggars.
    (AP, 8/10/02)  

2002        Aug 11, Dr. Steven J. Hatfill, a bioweapons expert under scrutiny for anthrax-laced letters, fiercely denied any involvement and said he had cooperated with the investigation. He was eventually exonerated and given a $5.8 million settlement from the US government after years of their harassing him. Investigators on June 27, 2008, announced that the anthrax attacks had been carried out by another government scientist, Bruce Edwards Ivins, whom they concluded had acted alone.
    (AP, 8/11/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steven_Hatfill)
2002        Aug 11, US Airways, the 6th largest US airline, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 11, Karrie Webb won her third Women's British Open title.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2002        Aug 11, Jiri Kolar (87), a Czech poet and artist known mainly for his pioneering work in the art of collage, died in Prague. His poetry books included "Birth Certificate" (1941)
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 11, In Congo fighting around Bunia ended and at least 110 civilians were killed and more than 70 injured. More than 10,000 families were displaced during the fighting.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 11, In eastern Congo renovation work uncovered the remains of 38 people buried in a communal grave at the site where the United Nations began building new headquarters for its peacekeeping force.
    (AP, 12/13/02)
2002        Aug 11, In northern India monsoon rains killed at least 43 people in Uttaranchal state.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A8)
2002        Aug 11, Israeli troops shot and killed Basil Naji (22), a Palestinian gunman, after he opened fire on Israeli road workers in the northern Gaza Strip, wounding one of them.
    (AP, 8/11/02)(SFC, 8/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 11, In southwestern Uganda a minibus and a fuel tanker collided near Omukabale, killing at least 17 people and injuring two others.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 11, Yemen reported that 6 suspected Muslim militants were arrested for planning a bombing attack in the capital San'a. Two more were arrested in connection with a previous blast.
    (AP, 8/11/02)

2002        Aug 12, The INS reported that a child-smuggling ring, in operation since 1994, had been broken up. Children from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras were smuggled to the US to be united with parents residing illegally.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 12, US Catholic bishops and rabbis issued a statement that declared that the Biblical covenant between Jews and God is valid, and therefore Jews do not need to be saved through faith in Jesus.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 12 It was reported that a 2-mile thick cloud of pollution covered South Asia and that it was suspected for causing drought, flooding and the premature deaths of a half-million people in India each year.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 12, In Chile hundreds of thousands of Santiago residents had to walk to work as a strike took virtually all the buses off the streets in this capital city of 5.5 million people.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, In Colombia Pres. Alvaro Uribe, declared a limited state of emergency to fight what the government described as a "regime of terror" following an upsurge of violence that has left 100 people dead since he took office.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, Arjan Erkel, a Dutch aid worker for Doctors Without Borders, was kidnapped and beaten in Dagestan. He was released Easter Sunday in 2005 following a $1 million ransom.
    (WSJ, 9/22/05, p.A1)
2002        Aug 12, In northeastern Iran torrential rains began and at least 35 people were drowned in flash floods that washed away roads and swamped farm land.
    (AP, 8/13/02)
2002        Aug 12, Iraq's information minister, Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf told the Arabic satellite television station Al-Jazeera that there was no need for U.N. weapons inspectors to return to Baghdad and branded as a "lie" allegations that Saddam Hussein still had weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2002        Aug 12, In Japan protesters ripped up and threw away documents printed with new ID numbers. A new database that stores personal data, names, addresses, dates of birth, gender and the new ID numbers, for each of Japan's 126 million citizens, was implemented days earlier.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, Palestinian factions met to create a "national unity leadership" to include all major groups, including militant ones such as Hamas. They endorsed a continuation of their uprising and rejected language to end attacks on civilians inside Israel.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, In Peru Pres. Alejandro Toledo defended his wife, Eliane Karp, in a nationally televised address, trying to head off a political storm sparked by the revelation that Peru's first lady earns $10,000 a month as a banking consultant.
    (AP, 8/13/02)

2002        Aug 13, President Bush hosted a half-day economic forum at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, where he assured Americans that his administration had a steady hand on the economy.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2002        Aug 13, American Airlines said it would eliminate 7,000 and cut flights.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2002        Aug 13, Angola reported the capture of Augustin Bizimungu, a key figure in the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
    (SFC, 8/14/02, p.A13)
2002        Aug 13, Deaths from flooding in Bangladesh (157), India (265) and Nepal (422) and reached at least 874.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A15)
2002        Aug 13, In Chechnya explosions rocked a bus in Grozny and Shali, killing at least five people and wounding several others.
    (AP, 8/13/02)   
2002        Aug 13, Vltava River floodwaters poured into a historic part of Prague, despite the frantic efforts of rescue workers to save the ancient Czech capital from rising river levels, which have forced tens of thousands to flee.
    (Reuters, 8/13/02)(AP, 8/13/02)
2002        Aug 13, In India separatist guerrillas ambushed a truck in Meghalaya state and killed at least 15 people.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A13)
2002        Aug 13, In Nigeria the lower house called for the resignation of Pres. Obasanjo.
    (WSJ, 8/14/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 13, Turkmenistan's Pres. Saparmurat Niyazov issued a decree that extends adolescence until age 25 and postpones old age until 85. His edict divides life into 12-year cycles. Childhood lasts until age 12. Next comes adolescence which will now last to age 25. Turkmen aged between 25 and 37 are considered youthful, while those aged between 27 and 49 years are mature. The next 12-year cycles are divided into periods labeled as prophetic, inspirational and wise.
    (AP, 8/13/02)

2002        Aug 14, Aircraft from the U.S.-British coalition patrolling southern Iraq bombed two Iraqi air defense sites.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 14, Texas Gov. Rick Perry denied a reprieve for Javier Suarez Medina and authorities in Huntsville gave Suarez a lethal injection as he sang the hymn "Amazing Grace."
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 14, Larry Rivers (78), pop artist pioneer, died in Southampton, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2002        Aug 14, Terry Jupp (46) died during weapons tests on a remote island used as a military facility off England's eastern coast. Investigations later established that part of his team's work involved attempts to construct bombs from widely available ingredients including hydrogen peroxide. Similar bombs were later used in the 2005 suicide attacks on London mass transit, which killed 52 commuters.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2002        Aug 14, In southwest China a massive wall of mud and rock unleashed by heavy rains slammed into villages, burying 67 people in the second deadly landslide to strike the area this week.
    (Reuters, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 14, Republic of Congo President Denis Sassou-Nguesso promised to fight corruption as he was sworn after winning this central African nation's first elections since back-to-back civil wars.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 14, An Indonesian court sentenced a former East Timor governor to three years in jail over violence linked to the territory's 1999 independence vote.
    (Reuters, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 14, Israel's military intelligence chief told parliament that Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat has amassed a personal fortune of about $1.3 billion.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 14, Mexican President Vicente Fox angrily canceled a scheduled meeting with President Bush hours after Texas executed a Mexican national for killing a Dallas police officer despite pleas from the Mexican leadership. Javier Suarez Medina, a Mexican national, was never told he could contact the Mexican consulate for help after his 1988 arrest, a violation of the 1963 Vienna Convention of Consular Relations.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 14, Black militants armed with clubs and stones began evicting a white farmer from his land in northeastern Zimbabwe, the first seizure since a government eviction order expired last week.
    (Reuters, 8/14/02)

2002        Aug 15, President Bush, using Mount Rushmore as a dramatic backdrop, pressed Congress to give him a flexible, fast-moving homeland security department.
    (AP, 8/15/03)
2002        Aug 15, Some 600 families of 9/11 victims files a $3 trillion lawsuit against Saudi princes, foreign banks, charities and the government of Sudan for funding the terrorist networks that launched the 2001 attacks.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/15/03)
2002        Aug 15, In NYC WNEW-FM radio shock jocks Gregg Hughes and Anthony Cumia aired an eyewitness account of a couple having sex in the vestibule of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Their show was cancelled Aug 23.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.D4)
2002        Aug 15, In Virginia the bodies of Michael and Mary Short were found shot to death south of Roanoke. Bones of their daughter Jennifer (9) were found Sep 25 in Stoneville, NC, some 30 miles away.
    (SFC, 8/17/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 15, Larry Rivers (78), painter, sculptor, jazz musician and poet, died in Southampton, NY. Rivers was born as Yitzroch Grossberg in Bronx, NY.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A25)(NW, 8/26/02, p.9)
2002        Aug 15, In Afghanistan Ghulam Sakhi Bashi, deputy head of Gen. Dostum's 70th division, was shot and killed during his son's wedding ceremony in Charbolak, about 30 kilometers to the west of Mazar-I-Sharif.
    (Reuters, 8/18/02)
2002        Aug 15, An Indonesian court acquitted a former East Timor police chief and five other security officers of crimes against humanity over East Timor's bloody independence vote in 1999.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 15, Israeli soldiers strapped a bulletproof vest on a Palestinian teenager and ordered him to approach a house where a Hamas militant was hiding, with instructions to bring out everyone inside. As Nidal Daraghmeh (19) neared the house in the West Bank village of Tubas he was shot in the back of the head and killed, though it's not clear who pulled the trigger.
     Israeli soldiers shot and killed a 5-year-old boy in Khan Younis in the central Gaza Strip near an Israeli settlement. His grandfather and another Palestinian man were critically wounded.
    Israeli soldiers shot and killed two armed Palestinians who were approaching the fence around Gaza, apparently planning to attack soldiers or infiltrate into Israel, the military said. The two were carrying a large bomb, the military said.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 15, Heavy rains caused the San Luis Potosi and Los Dolores dams to burst, sending a wave of floodwaters roaring over villages in central Mexico, where authorities said at least eight people were killed and six others were missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 15, A train in Tlaxcala, Mexico, struck and killed six young people (13-25) as they were walking along railroad tracks during a religious procession.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 15, Peru's first lady, Eliane Karp, resigned from a $10,000-a-month consulting job with a Peruvian bank after the revelation of the contract raised suspicions of influence peddling.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 15, Uganda has agreed to withdraw its troops from neighboring Congo, where they were sent four years ago to support Congolese rebels and root out Ugandan insurgents.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 15, The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to strengthen the U.N. presence in Angola to help consolidate peace in the southwest African nation after 27 years of civil war.
    (AP, 8/15/02)   

2002        Aug 16, Major League Baseball players set a strike deadline of Aug. 30. The two sides finally reached an agreement with just six hours to spare.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2002        Aug 16, Jeff Corey (88), blacklisted actor, died in Santa Monica. Corey developed a post blacklist career teaching and then appeared in over 70 films or TV shows.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A19)
2002        Aug 16, Stephen P. Yokich (66), former United Auto Workers president died in Detroit.
    (SFC, 8/19/02, p.B6)(AP, 8/16/03)
2002        Aug 16, In Algeria Islamic insurgents reportedly killed 26 people, including women and children, in a rural western hamlet.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 16, In Soham, Cambridgeshire, England, police arrested two people on suspicion of murdering a pair of 10-year-old girls, Holly Wells (b. 10-4-1991) and Jessica Chapman (b. 9-1-1991), who vanished from a rural village on August 4th. On December 17, 2003 Ian Huntley (28), a caretaker at the local secondary school, was convicted by two eleven-to-one majority jury verdicts, and on that day began serving two concurrent life sentences. On September 29, 2005, the High Court announced that Huntley must remain in prison until he has served at least 40 years, a minimum term which will not allow him to be released until at least 2042, by which time he will be 68 years old. His girlfriend Maxine Carr (25), a classroom assistant, was charged with attempting to pervert the course of justice. She was given three-and-a-half years for conspiring to pervert the course of justice but cleared of two counts of assisting an offender. She was freed and electronically tagged within 30 days, because she had already spent 16 months in jail.
    (AP, 8/17/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soham_murders)
2002        Aug 16, In Germany authorities evacuated thousands of people near Dresden's historic center as floodwaters in the Elbe River rose to a record high and spilled into a square close to some of the city's cultural landmarks.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 16, Sabri al-Banna, aka Abu Nidal (65), Palestinian guerrilla commander and head of the Fatah-Revolutionary Council, died from gunshot wounds in his Baghdad home. Iraqi officials said he killed himself.
    (Reuters, 8/19/02)(WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)(AP, 8/21/02)
2002        Aug 16, In central Nigeria gunmen killed Ahmad Ahman Pategi, Kwara state chairman of the Peoples Democratic Party and a senior official of President Olusegun Obasanjo's ruling party, along with his police bodyguard.
    (AP, 8/17/02)
2002        Aug 16, Russia and Iraqi officials planned to sign a 5-year $40 billion economic cooperation agreement.
    (SFC, 8/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 16, Pope John Paul II returned to Poland for a 3-day visit.
    (SFC, 8/17/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 16, President Hugo Chavez railed against a Supreme Court decision to absolve four military officers accused of leading an April coup but urged Venezuelans to accept it.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 16, The Zambian government has rejected donations of genetically modified corn from the United States, even though a massive food shortage threatens nearly 2.3 million of its people with starvation.
    (AP, 8/17/02)
2002        Aug 16, The Zimbabwean government appeared to be cracking down on white farmers who defied orders to leave their land, charging seven in court and detaining at least 27 others across the country.
    (AP, 8/16/02)

2002        Aug 17, The new $ 1 billion Navy destroyer McCampbell, completed in July at the Bath Iron Works in Maine, was commissioned in SF.
    (SSFC, 8/18/02, p.A2)
2002        Aug 17, In China 3 days of floods and landslides caused by mountain torrents swept through southeastern Zhejiang province, killing at least 21 people.
    (Reuters, 8/17/02)
2002        Aug 17, In Indonesia a home-made bomb wounded 13 people, including two children, as they gathered to mark Independence Day in Aceh province.
    (Reuters, 8/17/02)
2002        Aug 17, In Mexico 8 men and a woman were lined up against a wall and gunned down with assault rifles and pistols at a ranch in the western state of Michoacan in what reports said may have been a drug-related massacre.
    (AP, 8/18/02)
2002        Aug 17, In Krakow, Poland, tens of thousands of adoring Poles gave the ailing Pope John Paul II a joyous welcome home as began his 9th papal visit to his native country.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2002        Aug 17, Russia troops battled with Chechen rebels who attacked a number of villages in southern Chechnya in fighting that has left nine soldiers and five civilians dead.
    (AP, 8/17/02)

2002        Aug 18, Rich Beem beat Tiger Woods to capture the PGA Championship.
    (AP, 8/18/03)
2002        Aug 18, US federal agents said they had seized over 2,300 unregistered missiles at a counter-terrorism school, High Energy Access Tools (HEAT), in Roswell, New Mexico, that was training students from Arab countries and arrested its Canadian leader.
    (Reuters, 8/18/02)(WSJ, 8/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 18, In Britain detectives announced that two bodies found in a nature reserve almost certainly belong to a pair of missing 10-year-olds. Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman had been missing since August 4.
    (AP, 8/19/02)(www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/predators/ian_huntley/index.html)
2002        Aug 18, Turpal-Ali Atgeriyev (b.1969), a former Chechen rebel commander and top official in the region's rebel government, died of complications from leukemia while serving a 15-year prison term for terrorism in Yekaterinburg.
    (AP, 8/22/02)
2002        Aug 18, Israel agreed to a partial withdrawal from Palestinian territory in exchange for reduced tensions in the areas.
    (SFC, 8/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 18, In a tearful, farewell Mass in his beloved Krakow, Pope John Paul II told more than 2 million Poles that he would like to return one day — but that "this is entirely in God's hands."
    (AP, 8/18/03)
2002        Aug 18, In central Russia a bus drove into a ditch in the republic of Chuvashia and overturned, killing 22 people and injuring 38.
    (AP, 8/18/02)

2002        Aug 19, In San Jose, Ca., an 8-alarm fire consumed about 25% of the new $500 million Santana Row shopping and residential complex along S. Winchester Blvd.
    (SFC, 8/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 19, In Colombia rebels kidnapped over 2 dozen tourists inside Ensenada Utria national park. The ELN was blamed.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 19, Japan has launched a diplomatic offensive to foil South Korea's attempt to rename the ocean separating the Asian neighbors from "Sea of Japan" to the "East Sea", saying the weight of history is on the Japanese side.
    (Reuters, 8/19/02)
2002        Aug 19, An Islamic high court in northern Nigeria rejected an appeal by Amina Lawal, a single mother sentenced to be stoned to death for having sex out of wedlock.
    (AP, 8/19/02)(WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 19, A Russian Mi-26 military helicopter loaded with troops crashed in Chechnya. 127 were killed and 32 injured when the troop transport fell into a minefield in what Russian media called the nation's biggest military helicopter crash and the biggest single-day casualty count in the Chechen war. Chechen rebels claimed to have shot the helicopter down.
    (AP, 8/20/02)(WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/21/03)(AP, 8/19/07)
2002        Aug 19, Eduardo Chillida (78), Basque sculptor, died. He created monumental works and promoted peace in the Basque region. His work included "The Comb of the Winds," an iron tangle in San Sebastian.
    (SFC, 8/21/02, p.A19)
2002        Aug 19, Swedish financier Jan Stenbeck (59), who developed an extensive network of media and telecommunications companies, died in Paris.
    (AP, 8/20/02)

2002        Aug 20, In Bangladesh the swollen Jamuna River broke through its mud embankments, flooding a dozen villages and cutting off thousands of residents.
    (AP, 8/20/02)
2002        Aug 20, In Germany 5 members of the Iraqi Opposition of Germany took over the Iraqi embassy. German police commandos freed two senior diplomats from armed men who had stormed the Iraqi embassy, bringing a bloodless end to a five-hour hostage drama by a previously unknown group opposed to Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 8/20/02, p.A7)(AP, 8/20/03)
2002        Aug 20, Indian troops killed 14 Muslim rebels trying to sneak into Kashmir from Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 8/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 20, Indonesian police have arrested Ramli, a former soldier, and accused him of masterminding a series of deadly bombings in the capital over the past few years.
    (Reuters, 8/21/02)
2002        Aug 20, An Israeli soldier was killed by a Hamas sniper. Hamas vowed to undermine the new security agreement.
    (WSJ, 8/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 20, Choking smoke from forest fires shrouded Indonesia's side of Borneo island, grounding planes and pushing air quality way above hazardous levels in parts of the vast region.
    (Reuters, 8/20/02)
2002        Aug 20, In Nepal army soldiers reportedly killed at least 30 Maoist rebels at a remote training camp.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 20, Palestinian police were back on the streets of Bethlehem after Israeli forces left the town as part of a trial that could lead to further Israeli withdrawals in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/20/02)
2002        Aug 20, In Russia an explosion tore through a residential building in Moscow, blowing open a 50-foot-wide section and collapsing five stories of apartments. At least 7 people were killed, and as many as 5 others were feared trapped in the rubble. A natural gas leak was suspected.
    (AP, 8/21/02)
2002        Aug 20, The Swiss government returned to Peru about $77.5 million linked to former Peruvian spy chief Vladimiro Montesinos, saying the money came from corrupt arms deals. The money includes assets of Gen. Nicolas de Bari Hermoza Rios, Peru's former armed forces chief, who also faces corruption charges. $33 million linked to Montesinos remained blocked in Swiss banks.
    (AP, 8/21/02)

2002        Aug 21, President Bush told reporters at his Texas ranch that ousting Iraq's Saddam Hussein was "in the interests of the world" but indicated the United States was in no hurry.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2002        Aug 21, A jury in San Diego convicted David Westerfield of kidnapping 7-year-old Danielle van Dam from her home and killing her. Westerfield was later sentenced to death.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2002        Aug 21, Michael Kopper, former Enron financial executive, pleaded guilty to charges related to wire fraud and money laundering. He admitted to large kickbacks to the CFO, Andrew Fastow, and agreed to return $12 million.
    (SFC, 8/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 21, Weldon Spring, Missouri, was reported open to the public as tourist attraction. The radioactive site opened after a $1 billion, 16-year cleanup.
    (SFC, 8/21/02, p.A2)
2002        Aug 21, A new Lockheed Martin Atlas V rocket launched a 4-ton French communications satellite into orbit.
    (WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 21, In Canada Pres. Chretien, amid growing rifts within his Liberal Party, said he will not seek a 4th term and will resign in Feb 2004.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A8)
2002        Aug 21, Israeli troops blew up two apartment buildings in a Gaza Strip refugee camp, just hours after undercover forces killed the brother of a radical Palestinian leader during an arrest raid in the West Bank. Israeli security officials announced the breakup of a Hamas cell in East Jerusalem.
    (AP, 8/21/02)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 21, In east Nepal a massive landslide triggered by monsoon rains wiped out a village, killing at least 60 people.
    (AP, 8/21/02)
2002        Aug 21, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il toured the shop floor of a Russian defense plant, getting a firsthand glimpse of how Russia's Sukhoi fighter jets are manufactured.
    (AP, 8/21/02)
2002        Aug 21, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf announced sweeping changes to the Constitution that boosted the power of his authoritarian regime. His decrees included a security council that institutionalized the military's role in government; power to fire the prime minister and dissolve the legislature; a requirement for all candidates to have university degrees.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)

2002        Aug 22, In Oregon President Bush proposed to end the government's "hands-off" policy in national forests and ease logging restrictions in fire-prone areas.
    (WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/22/03)
2002        Aug 22, The US and Russia took away 100 pounds of weapons-grade uranium from an aging nuclear reactor in Belgrade to Russia for re-processing.
    (SFC, 8/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 22, Two US helicopter pilots were reported lost in South Korea. Their bodies were found the next day 13 miles south of Camp Page.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.A9)
2002        Aug 22, Researchers reported a new enzyme to treat victims of an anthrax attack and to help detect the spores.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 22, In Brazil President Fernando Henrique Cardoso signed a decree creating the Tumucumaque (the rock on top of the mountain) Mountains National Park bigger than Maryland covering a region of virgin rainforest in Amapa state, along Brazil's northern borders with Surinam and Guyana.
    (AP, 8/22/02)(SFC, 8/23/02, p.A2)
2002        Aug 22, China evacuated some 600,000 people around the swollen Lake Dongting in Hunan province.
    (WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 22, In Nepal a small plane carrying 18 people, including tourists from Germany, the United States and Britain, crashed into a mountain in bad weather, killing all aboard.
    (Reuters, 8/22/02)(AP, 8/22/03)
2002        Aug 22, In Peru officials reported that police had destroyed 57 crude drug laboratories in the Peruvian jungle and burned 38 tons of coca leaf.
    (AP, 8/22/02)
2002        Aug 22, In the Philippines the heads of two Jehovah's Witnesses were found at Patikul on Jolo island, two days after the Abu Sayyaf rebels seized the two male preachers and six other hostages.
    (Reuters, 8/22/02)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 23, U.S. warplanes bombed an air defense site in northern Iraq after being targeted by an Iraqi missile guidance radar system.
    (AP, 8/23/02)
2002        Aug 23, The United States imposed symbolic sanctions on a North Korean company and the North Korean government for exporting medium or long-range missile components.
    (Reuters, 8/23/02)
2002        Aug 23, New York publicist Lizzie Grubman pleaded guilty in a hit-and-run crash that injured 16 people outside a Hamptons nightclub. Grubman ended up serving 37 days of a 60-day sentence at the Suffolk County, N.Y., Jail, with time off for good behavior.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2002        Aug 23, Canada confirmed prairie farmers' worst fears in a report that slashed crop production forecasts after one of worst growing seasons since the dust bowl of the 1930s.
    (Reuters, 8/23/02)
2002        Aug 23, In southern Colombia a bus veered off a mountain road in Papagayo after one of its tires burst, plunging 1,000 feet and killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 8/24/02)
2002        Aug 23, An anti-graft court in the Philippines froze the assets of former president Joseph Estrada in connection with charges that he illegally amassed over four billion pesos ($76.48 million) during his 31-month rule.
    (Reuters, 8/26/02)
2002        Aug 23, Pres. Shevardnadze accused Russia of bombing inside Georgia's border. One person was reported killed.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.A7) 
2002        Aug 23, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il capped his second visit to Russia in a year with a long meeting with President Vladimir Putin and a taste of the consumer delights that are in short supply in his country. Putin pressed North Korea on Friday to forge a new Asia-Europe freight route by extending Russia's trans-Siberian railway across the Korean peninsula to bypass China.
    (AP, 8/23/02)(Reuters, 8/23/02)
2002        Aug 23, Pakistan accused India of launching a heavy ground an air attack on northern Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.A8)
2002        Aug 23, Russian troops battled rebels for the fourth straight day outside a Chechen village, while eight soldiers were killed in the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/23/02)
2002        Aug 23, In Venezuela subway and bus workers in Caracas unexpectedly walked off the job, forcing more than a million people to find other ways to work.
    (AP, 8/23/02)
2002        Aug 23, In Yugoslavia thousands of ethnic Albanians gathered in Pristina to protest the recent arrests of rebel leaders who fought during Kosovo's 1998-1999 war.
    (AP, 8/23/02)

2002        Aug 24, In Oregon City, Ore., the FBI uncovered human remains in an outbuilding behind the house of Ward Weaver III, a suspect in the case of two missing girls who lived across the street. Authorities recovered the remains of Ashley Pond (12) and Miranda Gaddis (13). In 2004 Weaver pleaded guilty to aggravated murder and no contest to other charges of sexual abuse. A plea bargain allowed him to avoid the death penalty and he was sentenced to two consecutive life terms in prison.
    (AP, 8/24/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ward_Weaver_III)
2002        Aug 24, It was reported that Algerian elite soldiers, backed by artillery and helicopters, killed 16 suspected Islamist rebels during a week-long operation against guerrillas east of Algiers.
    (Reuters, 8/24/02)
2002        Aug 24, Azerbaijani voters overwhelmingly approved changes to the constitution in a referendum the opposition charged was marred by fraud.
    (AP, 8/25/02)
2002        Sep 24-2002 Sep 25, In the Canary Islands over a dozen beaked whales beached themselves following NATO exercises that involved a cluster of warships and submarines. 9 of the whales washed ashore dead and showed lesions in the brain and hearing system, consistent with acoustic impact.
    (SFC, 9/26/02, p.A20)(SFC, 10/7/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 24, Suspected rebels shot dead eight Muslim villagers, including three women, in Indian Kashmir as a U.S. envoy took his peace mission to Islamabad to try to cool tensions on the subcontinent.
    (Reuters, 8/24/02)
2002        Aug 24, A Palestinian militia shot and killed a Palestinian woman suspected of collaborating with Israel, then dumped her bullet-riddled body on a street in the West Bank town of Tulkarem. The next day her son said that Palestinian gunmen tortured him until he invented a story about his mother's involvement.
    (AP, 8/24/02)(AP, 8/26/02)

2002        Aug 25, Louisville, Ky., beat Sendai, Japan, 1-0 to win the Little League World Series in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 8/25/03)
2002        Aug 25, Acclaimed bass-baritone William Warfield (82), best known for his rendition of "Ol' Man River" in the musical "Show Boat," died in Chicago.
    (AP, 8/25/03)
2002        Aug 25, In England Investigators said they had found items of clothing they believed were worn by two slain girls the day they disappeared from their rural village.
    (AP, 8/25/02)
2002        Aug 25, Iran's parliament approved a bill giving women the right to sue for divorce, a similar right already guaranteed for men.
    (AP, 8/26/02)
2002        Aug 25, Iraq said US and British bombing killed 8 people near Basra. A U.S.-British air raid in southern Iraq destroyed a major military surveillance site that monitors American troops in the Persian Gulf.
    (WSJ, 8/26/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/27/02)
2002        Aug 25, Philippine troops shot dead a notorious leader of a gang of kidnappers and rescued a girl (4) and her nanny from a week-long captivity.
    (Reuters, 8/25/02)
2002        Aug 25, Up to 10 guerrillas from a Philippine Marxist rebel group blacklisted by the United States were killed when the military clashed with a 40-man New People's Army (NPA) band in Rodriguez town, a Manila suburb.
    (AP, 8/26/02)
2002        Aug 25, Former Swedish diplomat Per Anger (88), who'd worked with Raoul Wallenberg in shielding thousands of Hungarian Jews from Nazi death camps, died in Stockholm, Sweden.
    (AP, 8/25/03)
2002        Aug 25, In the UAR the roof of a Dubai warehouse that was under construction collapsed, killing seven people and injuring 19.
    (AP, 8/26/02)
2002        Aug 25, In Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe announced his new Cabinet, firing the moderate finance minister and keeping hard-liners who have spearheaded harsh media controls and seizures of white-owned farms.
    (AP, 8/25/02)

2002        Aug 26, US VP Cheney, speaking at a Veterans of Foreign Wars convention in Tennessee, warned that there is "no doubt" that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is amassing weapons of mass destruction for use against America and its allies.
    (SFC, 8/27/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/26/03)
2002        Aug 26, In Bangui, Central African Republic, former military ruler Gen. Andre Kolingba was convicted in absentia of taking part in a failed 2001 coup and was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 8/26/02)
2002        Aug 26, In San Antonio, Honduras, Jose Callejas (46), director of a Human Rights Committee, was killed. Organized crime was blamed.
    (SFC, 8/29/02, p.A12)
2002        Aug 26, Israeli troops arrested Jamal Abdel Salam Abu el-Heijah, leader of Hamas in the Jenin region in a West Bank raid as Israel's defense minister said a security deal to ease violence was still in force.
    (AP, 8/26/02)
2002        Aug 26, In Nigeria an Islamic court has sentenced a couple to death by stoning for having an affair, marking the first time in Nigeria that a man has been sentenced to death for adultery.
    (AP, 8/29/02)
2002        Aug 26, The 4th UN World Summit on Sustainable Development opened in Johannesburg, SA, with a call from South African President Thabo Mbeki for coordinated international action to fight poverty and protect the world's natural resources. Pres. Bush sent Colin Powell as his stand-in. The 3rd gathering was in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.A3)(AP, 8/26/03)
2002        Aug 26, As Zimbabwean and Ethiopian activists staged protests, South African security officials promised to clamp down on any protesters demonstrating at the U.N. development summit without government approval.
    (AP, 8/26/02)

2002        Aug 27, Pres. Bush met with Prince Bandar bin Sultan of Saudi Arabia, who said war with Iraq was not acceptable and that Saudi Arabia would not cooperate. Bush told the Saudi diplomat he had not yet decided whether to attack Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/28/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/27/03)
2002        Aug 27, Stanley R. Greenberg (74), writer, died. His work included over 40 plays for stage, film and TV including the screenplay for the 1973 film "Soylent Green."
    (SFC, 8/28/02, p.A19)(MoTV, 1977, p.667)
2002        Aug 27, In northern Colombia government forces clashed with rebels, killing eight guerrillas. The eight were among 14 people killed in scattered fighting across the insurgency-plagued nation.
    (AP, 8/27/02)
2002        Aug 27, A Tokyo court acknowledged for the first time Japan's use of biological weapons before and during World War II, but rejected demands for compensation by 180 Chinese who claimed they were victims of the germ warfare program.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2002        Aug 27, In Macedonia 2 policemen were killed ahead of Sep 15 elections.
    (WSJ, 8/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 27, Two Russian border guards were arrested and confessed to killing eight of their comrades in Ingushetia to avenge hazing. President Vladimir Putin called for better discipline and combat-readiness amid a string of deadly incidents.
    (AP, 8/28/02)
2002        Aug 27, In South Africa delegates to the World Summit on Sustainable Development called for increased global efforts to bring new agricultural technologies to poor farmers to help feed the developing world.
    (AP, 8/27/02)
2002        Aug 27, In Sudan more members of the opposition Popular National Congress, including two former government ministers, were arrested on suspicion of creating "instability."
    (AP, 8/28/02)

2002        Aug 28, Federal grand juries charged six men in Detroit with conspiring to support al-Qaeda's terrorism as members of a sleeper cell.
    (AP, 8/28/03)(SFC, 8/29/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 28, Prosecutors indicted WorldCom's former chief financial officer, Scott Sullivan, and Buford Yates Jr., WorldCom's former director of general accounting. Sullivan, accused of overseeing a long-running conspiracy to hide operating expenses in order to boost WorldCom's earnings, later pleaded innocent; Yates later pleaded guilty to securities fraud and conspiracy and agreed to help prosecutors.
    (WSJ, 8/29/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/28/03)
2002        Aug 28, Amiri Baraka, poet known as LeRoi Jones until 1968, was proclaimed the poet laureate for New Jersey. Gov. Jim McGreevey later regretted the proclamation following Baraka's poem "Somebody Blew Up America."
    (WSJ, 10/3/02, p.D6)
2002        Aug 28, In Texas Toronto Patterson was executed for the 1995 killing of a cousin when he was 17.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 28, Canadian police arrested a man in the rape and killing of an 11-year-old aboriginal boy who was found in a basement storage room in Winnipeg.
    (Reuters, 8/29/02)
2002        Aug 28, Germany awarded its Goethe Prize to Marcel Reich-Ranicki, literary critic and Polish-born Holocaust survivor.
    (SFC, 9/2/02, p.D5)
2002        Aug 28, Police in India reported that 14 people, including 10 Muslim militants, were killed in clashes between Indian security forces and separatist rebels in India's Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (Reuters, 8/28/02)
2002        Aug 28, Nepal's government announced that it was lifting a state of emergency imposed in Nov, 2001.
    (SFC, 8/29/02, p.A12)
2002        Aug 28, Nigeria renewed warnings that it cannot pay its debt service payments for the year because of falling oil revenue.
    (AP, 8/28/02)
2002        Aug 28, Delegates at the World Summit on Sustainable Development focused on ways to bring fresh water and sanitation to hundreds of millions of people who lack access to either. Negotiators hailed their first breakthrough: a deal to protect the world's oceans and marine life.
    (AP, 8/28/02)
2002        Aug 28, The United Nations confirmed that Uganda and Zimbabwe have begun their pledged troop withdrawals from Congo.
    (AP, 8/28/02)
2002        Aug 28, U.N. Sec.-Gen. Kofi Annan urged the United States to resist attacking Iraq, joining calls from leaders in Germany, China, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain for restraint in considering military action to topple Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 8/28/02)

2002        Aug 29, The federal government approved a plan to store Colorado River water under the Mohave Desert and tap it for use by Southern California during times of drought.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 29, A judge in Norwalk, Conn., sentenced Michael Skakel, a Kennedy cousin, to 20 years to life in prison for the 1975 murder with a golf club of Connecticut neighbor Martha Moxley.
    (WSJ, 8/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/29/03)
2002        Aug 29, Assailants entered a home in Artemisa, a village in western Cuba and killed five people, including four members of a family, apparently by cutting their throats.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 29, Indian soldiers killed 5 guerrillas after they crossed into the India-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A19)
2002        Aug 29, Israeli tank shells slammed into a Bedouin encampment in Gaza, killing four members of a Palestinian family and wounding four others.
    (AP, 8/29/02)
2002        Aug 29, Hezbollah guerrillas shelled Israeli positions in a disputed border area, wounding 3 soldiers and drawing fire from Israeli warplanes and artillery.
    (AP, 8/29/02)
2002        Aug 29, In western Macedonia police killed two ethnic Albanians after gunmen abducted at least five people from a bus, as tension soared. The 5 abducted people were released after 2 days.
    (AP, 8/30/02)(AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 29, In Russia a small plane disappeared in the Far East region of Khabarovsk. The plane crashed into a cliff and 16 people were killed.
    (AP, 8/29/02)(AP, 9/2/02)
2002        Aug 29, Kerim Sadok Chatty, 29, of Tunisian origin was arrested with a gun in his carry-on luggage at a Swedish airport as he headed to an Islamic conference in Birmingham, England. He had flunked out of a flight school in South Carolina in 1996. Chatty was charged with attempted hijacking on Sep 2.
    (AP, 9/1/02)(SFC, 9/3/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 29, A joint force of Thai police and soldiers killed six armed drug traffickers and seized a million methamphetamine pills after ambushing a drug convoy near the Golden Triangle.
    (Reuters, 8/29/02)
2002        Aug 29, The World Summit on Sustainable Development focused on ways business and governments could work together to spread prosperity in the developing world while protecting the environment.
    (AP, 8/29/02)
2002        Aug 29, Uzbek Pres. Karimov urged democratic changes.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A18)
2002        Aug 29, In Venezuela thousands of opponents of President Hugo Chavez took to the streets in Maracay to protest tax increases they say will further impoverish Venezuelans in this recession-ridden country.
    (AP, 8/29/02)
2002        Aug 29, In Zimbabwe a bomb attack gutted the office of a radio station critical of President Robert Mugabe's government, and authorities raided a human rights group and a camp for displaced farm workers run by a private charity.
    (AP, 8/29/02)

2002        Aug 30, Major League Baseball players reached agreement with team owners on a four-year labor deal, narrowly averting a strike that threatened to drive away the sport's already embittered fans. It was the first time since 1970 that players and owners had agreed to a new collective bargaining agreement without a work stoppage.
    (Reuters, 8/30/02)(AP, 8/30/03)
2002        Aug 30, In Washington, DC, some 35,000 gathered for the 39th annual meeting of the Islamic Society of North America.
    (SFC, 8/31/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 30, J. Lee Thompson (88), movie director ("The Guns of Navarone"), died in Sooke, British Columbia, Canada.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2002        Aug 30, For the 6th time in a week, coalition aircraft bombed an Iraqi defense facility in one of the no-fly zones patrolled by U.S. and British pilots.
    (AP, 8/30/02)
2002        Aug 30, A twin-engine plane with 31 people crashed while trying to land in heavy rains near Rio Branco, a northwestern Brazilian city, killing 23 people.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 30, In Burundi the army reportedly killed 48 Hutu rebels in clashes outside Bujumbura.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A11)
2002        Aug 30, Floodwaters along the lower stretches of the Mekong have wreaked havoc in Laos, Cambodia (18), Thailand (12) and Vietnam (25), claiming at least 55 lives and leaving thousands homeless across the region.
    (AP, 8/30/02)
2002        Aug 30, In the Netherlands 8 men were detained for providing financial and logistical services to al Qaeda and for recruiting fighters.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 30, It was reported that North Korea has made changes in its economic system that included a phase out of its public distribution system, price increases and salary increases.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A14)
2002        Aug 30, The WTO ruled that the EU can impose $4 billion in penalties on the US because of an American tax break that promotes exports. The EU planned to give the US time to change the law.
    (SFC, 8/31/02, p.A7)

2002        Aug 31, The Los Angeles Sparks beat the New York Liberty 69-66 to defend their WNBA championship.
    (AP, 8/31/03)
2002        Aug 31, The Burning Man was put to flames at Black Rock, Nev. Some 29,000 people attended the event, which featured a 78-foot Temple of Joy, created by David Best, that was burned down Sep 1.
    (SFC, 8/31/02, p.A3)(SFC, 9/2/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 31, Lionel Hampton (94), American jazz icon, died in New York City. He pioneered and popularized the vibraphone as a jazz instrument in a musical career that spanned six decades beginning in the 1920s.
    (AP, 8/31/03)
2002        Aug 31, George Porter (81), who shared the 1967 Nobel Prize for chemistry for his work on light-driven chemical reactions, died in London. He had built a device to study gaseous free radicals and combustion. Among the practical results of his research was the development of ways to stop dyes from fading.
    (AP, 9/3/02)
2002        Aug 31, Sheldon H. Harris, historian, died. His work included the 1994 book: "Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932-1945, and the American Cover-Up."
    (SFC, 9/9/02, p.A22)
2002        Aug 31, In Indonesia unidentified gunmen shot dead three people, including two Americans, and wounded up to 14 others in an attack on a vehicle convoy near a giant gold mine in Papua province. Killed in the 30-minute assault were Rick Spier, 44, of Littleton, Colo., Ted Burgon, 71, of Sunriver, Ore., and an Indonesian teacher. Indonesian soldiers were later implicated in the attack. In 2006 Antonius Wamang (31), a separatist rebel, was sentenced to life in prison and his accomplices up to seven years.
    (Reuters, 8/31/02)(SSFC, 10/27/02, p.A20)(AP, 11/7/06)
2002        Aug 31, At least 13 people died and scores more were rescued when an Indonesian ferry carrying more than 100 passengers caught fire and exploded after leaving Baubau in southern Sulawesi province.
    (Reuters, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, Israeli soldiers arrested Hasan Yousef, the Islamic militant group Hamas' top political leader, in the West Bank town of Ramallah. An Israeli helicopter fired three missiles at a Palestinian car, killing three men inside and two children standing nearby.
    (AP, 8/30/02)
2002        Aug 31, Five Kurdish migrants were found dead in the back of a cargo truck after they apparently suffocated during a harrowing ferry crossing from Greece to Italy.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, Kuwait will buy 16 attack helicopters from Boeing in a deal worth $886 million. Defense Minister Sheik Jaber Mubarak Al Hamad and U.S. Ambassador Richard Jones signed the deal.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, Malaysia said it has agreed to temporarily halt deportation of Filipino workers and their families amid public outrage over reports of their mistreatment.
    (Reuters, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, It was reported that Mexican police had arrested Juan Heriberto Carrillo Olivas, a Mexican citizen. He headed a gang in El Paso, Texas, that used a fleet of tractor-trailers to transport cocaine to other U.S. cities.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, The justice minister of the Netherlands Antilles said Colombian assassins are behind a series of execution-style slayings in Curacao, which has seen drug seizures soar in recent years. There have been 28 killings since the beginning of the year.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, A Palestinian gunman opened fire in a Jewish settlement in the West Bank, seriously wounding two people before being shot dead.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, A Russian helicopter was downed by a missile in Chechnya, killing two.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 31, In South Africa some 10,000 people marched from a township of tin shacks and open sewers to the glittering venue of a U.N. development summit to protest that world leaders are not doing enough to fight poverty.
    (AP, 8/31/02)

2002        Aug, The US resumed aerial spraying to eradicate coca growing in Colombia and hoped to destroy some 300,000 acres of coca growth. The US state Dept. said the spraying does not endanger people or the environment.
    (SFC, 9/4/02, p.A13)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A18)
2002        Aug, In Idaho fishermen found the abandoned, burned-out shell of a car that Lopez Orozco had been driving near the Snake River in a remote area of Elmore County. The charred remains of his girlfriend Rebecca Ramirez and her two boys, Ricardo and Miguel, were inside. Investigators later determined they had been shot. In 2009 Mexican police captured Orozco.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2002        Aug, Muhammed Zahrani arrived as a prisoner at the US base in Guantanamo, Cuba. He was then held without charges until 2014, when he was approved for release to his native Saudi Arabia. Zahrani had trained with al-Qaida in Afghanistan in the two years prior to the Sept.11, 2001 terror attacks.
    (http://tinyurl.com/p9adb7f)(SFC, 10/22/14, p.A2)
2002        Aug, Prosecutors in Suriname charged Dino Bouterse with stealing 50 guns from the government intelligence service. Police at the time accused Bouterse of fleeing to Curacao to avoid arrest, although his father said Bouterse had traveled there for personal business. The father Desi Bouterse, a former coup leader and convicted drug trafficker, was elected president of Suriname in July 2010.
    (AP, 8/31/13)

2002        Sep 1, Secretary of State Colin Powell said the US should first seek a return of UN weapons inspectors to Iraq before taking any further steps.
    (AP, 9/1/02)
2002        Sep 1, The California Legislature approved a $99 billion budget, ending a 2-month-old standoff.
    (AP, 9/1/03)
2002        Sep 1, President Alfonso Portillo announced plans to cut the size of Guatemala's armed forces by 20% and convert the extra military installations into schools.
    (AP, 9/1/02)
2002        Sep 1, Indonesian soldiers battled an armed band in Papua and killed one insurgent, near where gunmen shot dead three people, including two U.S. school teachers, and wounded at least 10 in an ambush the previous day.
    (Reuters, 9/1/02)(SFC, 9/2/02, p.A9)
2002        Sep 1, Israeli troops shot dead four Palestinians not far from a Jewish gravesite near the West Bank city of Hebron, adding to an already bloody weekend in which seven other Palestinians, including two children, were killed.
    (AP, 9/1/02)(SFC, 9/2/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 1, Israel and Jordan announced their largest joint project ever, an $800 million pipeline intended to save the shrinking Dead Sea from environmental devastation.
    (AP, 9/1/02)
2002        Sep 1, Typhoon Rusa, the worst typhoon to hit South Korea in 40 years, left at least 119 people dead.
    (AP, 9/1/07)
2002        Sep 1, In Liberia rebel forces shelled the northern town of Voinjama in a push to recapture their former stronghold from government forces.
    (AP, 9/1/02)
2002        Sep 1, Mauritania appealed for international aid, saying lack of rain was causing a food crisis that has put at risk nearly 1 million people and half of the desert nation's cattle.
    (AP, 9/1/02) 
2002        Sep 1, Some 600 Russian specialists began work on a key phase of an $800 million project to build a nuclear reactor at Bushehr, Iran.
    (SFC, 9/2/02, p.A9)

2002        Sep 2, The $195 million Our Lady of the Angels Cathedral in Los Angeles was dedicated. It was designed by Spanish architect Rafael Moneo.
    (SFC, 9/2/02, p.A2)
2002        Sep 2, Glenn Tilton was named chairman, president and chief executive officer of United Airlines parent UAL Corp.
    (AP, 9/2/03)
2002        Sep 2, Consolidated Freightways Corp. of Vancouver, Wa., filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and laid off 15,500 people nationwide.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A4)
2002        Sep 2, In New Hampshire 7 people were killed when their small plane crashed near Swanzey.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A10)
2002        Sep 2, Jerry Boyd (b.1930), boxing trainer and author (pen name F.X. Toole), died. Two of his short stories were adopted for the 2004 film “Million Dollar Baby."
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.M1)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F.X._Toole)
2002        Sep 2, In Bolivia a bus slid off a muddy shoulder on one the most dangerous highways and plunged into a ravine, killing at least 20 people.
    (AP, 9/2/02)
2002        Sep 2, Thousands of illegal Indonesian workers and their families are living in dire conditions in camps near the country's border with Malaysia and one relief worker said a few are selling their babies to raise cash.
    (Reuters, 9/2/02)
2002        Sep 2, Tens of thousands of South Koreans heaved shovels to clear mud and debris from homes devastated by Typhoon Rusa, the worst typhoon to hit the country in 40 years. The death toll from South Korea's worst typhoon in 40 years rose to 113 as soldiers led a desperate search for 71 people still missing after the weekend devastation.
    (AP, 9/2/02)(Reuters, 9/3/02)(SFC, 9/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 2, Russia urged Iraq to admit U.N. weapons inspectors to avoid a war that could jeopardize multibillion-dollar economic deals between the trading partners.
    (AP, 9/2/02)
2002        Sep 2, The Sudanese government suspended peace talks with southern rebels because of the rebel takeover of Torit.
    (AP, 9/2/02)
2002        Sep 2, At least 14 people were killed and more than 20 were missing after their makeshift houses on the banks of an overflowing stream collapsed after heavy rain in northern Thailand.
    (Reuters, 9/3/02)
2002        Sep 2, Tunisia's highest court upheld jail terms against opposition leader Hamma Hammami, head of the outlawed Communist Workers Party, and two officials of his political party.
    (AP, 9/2/02)
2002        Sep 2, At the UN Earth Summit in South Africa negotiators agreed on a global plan to reduce the use of oil and switch to other cleaner and more efficient forms of energy.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A1)

2002        Sep 3, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said the Bush administration had secret information supporting its claims that Saddam Hussein was close to developing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2002        Sep 3, The US Senate opened debate on legislation creating a new Homeland Security Department.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2002        Sep 3, McDonald's announced it will use a new soy-corn oil to reduce the levels of trans fat and increase polyunsaturated fat in its fried products.
    (SFC, 9/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 3, Louisiana State Univ. fired Dr. Steven J. Hatfill after the Justice Dept. said the school could not use him on grants funded by the agency. The firing came following FBI investigations of Hatfill and naming him as a "person of interest."
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A6)(WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 3, The DJIA fell 355 to 8308. Nasdaq fell 51 to 1263.
    (WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 3, W. Clement Stone (100), insurance tycoon who bankrolled former Pres. Nixon's races, died. Stone's self-help books included "The Success System That Never Fails."
    (WSJ, 9/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/13/02, p.A27)
2002        Sep 3, Iraq said it was ready to discuss a return of U.N. weapons inspectors, but only in a broader context of ending sanctions and restoring Iraqi sovereignty over all its territory.
    (AP, 9/3/02)
2002        Sep 3, Israeli tank shells killed Bahir Eid (22) and Hussein Najar (22) residents of the village of Burin, a West Bank village.
    (AP, 9/3/02)
2002        Sep 3, Russia and China gave their backing to the Kyoto Protocol on cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.
    (AP, 9/3/02)(WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)

2002        Sep 4, President Bush promised to seek Congress' approval for "whatever is necessary" to oust Saddam Hussein including using military force.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2002        Sep 4, Secretary of State Colin Powell was heckled by dozens of activists on the closing day of the World Summit in South Africa as he defended America's record on the environment and helping the developing world.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2002        Sep 4, Texas cocktail waitress and aspiring pop star Kelly Clarkson was voted the first "American Idol" at the conclusion of the Fox TV series.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2002        Sep 4, In California it was reported that the Phytophthora ramorum microbe, responsible for sudden oak death, had infected the coastal redwood saplings.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 4, In Afghanistan Pres. Karzai announced a new currency to replace the array of inflated banknotes issued by the Taliban and regional warlords. Warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, a former US ally, called for a jihad against US forces.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 4, China reported that flooding had killed 1,532 people this year.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 4, Colombian authorities reported the break up of an international kidnapping ring organized by the nation's second-largest rebel group to fund its insurgency. The leader of the ring was captured in July, and authorities have arrested his successor and other rebels within the last couple of days, said Gen. Reynaldo Castellanos. The crime network was run out of Bogota by members of the National Liberation Army. It included leftist groups from Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Mexico that kidnapped people and stole cars, among other crimes.
    (AP, 9/5/02)
2002        Sep 4, In Puerto Rico US Navy security officers fired tear gas at protesters who hurled rocks over a fence during bombing exercises on the island of Vieques.
    (AP, 9/5/02)
2002        Sep 4, The World Summit on Sustainable Development closed with just a handful of small victories and some promising new initiatives. Colin Powell was heckled and the US was viewed as a key obstacle to setting firm targets on many issues. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), an anti-corruption scheme to oversee oil production, was launched by UK PM Tony Blair, at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, SA.
    (AP, 9/5/02)(SFC, 9/5/02, p.A10)(www.osi-az.org/eitiabout.shtml)

2002        Sep 5, The U.S. military stated that American and British planes attacked an air defense command and control facility at a military airfield 240 miles southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/6/02)
2002        Sep 5, In Illinois Judge Harold Frobish of Livingston County ruled that prison inmates can choose to starve themselves rather than endure years of solitary confinement and that right outweighs the state's duty to keep them alive.
    (SFC, 9/7/02, p.A4)
2002        Sep 5, Actor Cliff Gorman (65), who'd won a Tony for portraying comedian Lenny Bruce in the 1971 play "Lenny," died in New York.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2002        Sep 5, Afghan President Hamid Karzai survived an assassination attempt in the southern city of Kandahar. The attack, by a man dressed in military uniform, occurred shortly after a powerful car bomb in the capital killed at least 26 people and wounded 150.
    (Reuters, 9/6/02)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 5, In Gabon US Sec. of State Colin Powell talked into the night with the Pres. Omar Bongo about the country's commitment to preserve its lush forests, peace efforts and the IMF.
    (AP, 9/6/02)
2002        Sep 5, The Canadian government said it will spend C$105 million ($66.9 million) in the first stage of a plan to connect the country's rural residents to high-speed Internet service by 2005.
    (Reuters, 9/6/02) 
2002        Sep 5, In Colombia gunmen on motorcycles killed Fernando Mancilla, the new chief of secret police for Antioquia province, as he drove his car in Medellin.
    (AP, 9/6/02)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A17)
2002        Sep 5, In Congo some  6,000 Ngiti and Lendu tribe tribal fighters and their allies attacked the mission hospital in Nyankunde, slaughtering patients in their beds. They killed some 650 people from the Bira, Hema and 16 other tribes on the 1st day of the attacks.
    (AP, 12/24/02)
2002        Sep 5, In Greece Dimitris Koufodinas  (44), a main hit man for the November 17 terror group, surrendered to police.
    (SFC, 9/6/02, p.A13)
2002        Sep 5,  Palestinian fighters blew up an Israeli tank in Gaza, killing the driver instantly. Another Palestinian, linked to the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, killed an Israeli officer and wounded another soldier before he was shot dead.
    (SFC, 9/6/02, p.A14)
2002        Sep 5, In Somalia militiamen tied white flags to their weapons as an informal cease-fire halted two days of fierce fighting in a capital area that has left more than 25 people dead and 50 wounded.
    (AP, 9/5/02)

2002        Sep 6, Meeting outside Washington D.C., for only the second time since 1800, Congress convened in New York to pay homage to the victims and heroes of Sept. 11, 2001.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2002        Sep 6, US officials reported that the assets of Wa'el Hamza Julaidan, alleged al Qaeda financier, had been frozen, and that he had been located in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 9/7/02, p.A8)
2002        Sep 6,  A US Navy helicopter crashed in the Persian Gulf, killing an American television cameraman and injuring four sailors.
    (AP, 9/6/02)
2002        Sep 6, Salvatore Gravano, mob turncoat aka Sammy the Bull, was sentenced to 20 years in prison. In 1998 Gravano, took over his son's failing Arizona drug-dealing operation, an ecstasy drug ring. Gravano pleaded guilty in 2001.
    (SFC, 5/26/01, p.A6)(SFC, 9/7/02, p.A4)
2002        Sep 6, A jury in Pensacola, Fla., convicted 13- and 14-year-old brothers of murdering their sleeping father with a baseball bat in an unusual case in which an adult friend was acquitted of the crime under a different prosecution theory. The judge threw out the convictions and ordered mediation; Alex and Derek King later pleaded guilty to third-degree murder. Alex was sentenced to seven years and Derek to eight years.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2002        Sep 6, Iran reported the successful test fire of a Fateh 110 A ballistic missile.
    (SFC, 9/7/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 6,  Israel attacked a factory in the Gaza Strip with missiles fired from helicopters after a Palestinian "mega" bomb attempt was thwarted a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/6/02)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A14)
2002        Sep 6, In India the film "Ek Chhoti Si Love Story" (A Short Love Story) was released across India despite a court order and attacks on some theatres, has kicked up a controversy over its explicit sexual content.
    (Reuters, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Sheikh Abdul Rehman, a politician contesting state elections, in the first killing of a candidate since the campaign began.
    (Reuters, 9/6/02)
2002        Sep 6, Jews began Rosh Hashanah at sunset. This ended their year 5762 and began year 5763.
    (SFC, 9/7/02, p.A1)   
2002        Sep 6, Mexico said it was withdrawing from the 1947 Inter-American Reciprocal Defense Treaty designed to protect the Americas against communism, a year after President Vicente Fox called the agreement obsolete.
    (AP, 9/6/02)
2002        Sep 6, A Yemeni man died when a bomb he was carrying exploded in a crowded market in San'a, injuring two bystanders.
    (AP, 9/6/02)

2002        Sep 7, Serena Williams easily beat Venus Williams 6-4, 6-3 to win the U.S. Open and a third straight Grand Slam title.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2002        Sep 7, Pres. Bush met with British PM Tony Blair at Camp David, Md., to work out a strategy for taking action against Iraq's Saddam Hussein. They said the world had to act against Saddam Hussein, arguing that the Iraqi leader had defied the United Nations and reneged on promises to destroy weapons of mass destruction.
    (SSFC, 9/8/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/6/03)
2002        Sep 7, U.S. Navy fighter jets dropped dummy bombs and inert missiles on Vieques in military exercises that have divided this outlying Puerto Rican island for years.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, Uzi Gal (79), the German-born inventor of Israel's Uzi submachine gun, died in Philadelphia of a long illness. [see 1954]
    (AP, 9/9/02)(SFC, 9/10/02, p.A16)
2002        Sep 7, In Paris over 6,000 people marched through to demand residency permits for France's illegal immigrants in the largest of a series of recent rallies.
    (AP, 9/7/02)     
2002        Sep 7, Indonesian officials say 35 deportees from Malaysia have died at sprawling makeshift camps in Borneo as they await the arrival of a navy vessel bringing medical help.
    (Reuters, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, In Nepal over one thousand Maoist rebels, fighting to topple Nepal's constitutional monarchy, attacked a police post in the east of the country and killed 49 police officers.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 7, In Portugal the town of Reguengos de Monsaraz openly flouted a new bullfighting law, killing a bull in the ring without government permission, and selling the beef for human consumption afterward. The matador and the festival organizers will be arraigned in the first legal test of the new anti-bullfighting law. Killing in the bullring had been banned since 1928. However, Parliament voted in July to allow bulls to be put to death, but only in cities and towns that have carried on the bullfighting tradition for 50 years or more.
    (AP, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 7, In Turkey 17 people were killed in separate bus crashes Saturday, including two members of a professional Turkish soccer team.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, The U.N. Security Council has decided to keep U.N. peacekeepers in Ethiopia and Eritrea six more months to give the countries time to mark their border.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, Katrin Cartlidge (41), the spirited English actress who distinguished herself in the movies of Mike Leigh and in the London theater, died of septicemia resulting from pneumonia.
    (AP, 9/10/02)

2002        Sep 8, Pete Sampras beat Andre Agassi (news) 6-3, 6-4, 5-7, 6-4 to win his 14th Grand Slam title and the U.S. Open for the fifth time.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2002        Sep 8, The US government reported that violent crime rate had dropped by 10 percent the previous year, reaching lowest level since 1973.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2002        Sep 8, In San Francisco Ray D. Jimmerson Jr. (25), a key witness in a case against the Big Block gang, was shot to death on Buchanon St. In 2005 Dennis Cyrus Jr., a leader of the Page Street Mob, was indicted for the slaying. In May, 2009, Cyrus was convicted of murdering 3 men. In 2010 he was sentenced to 3 life terms in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 9/10/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/27/05, p.B4)(SFC, 6/27/09, p.B1)(SFC, 11/20/10, p.C2)
2002        Sep 8, Authorities closed Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) indefinitely following weeks of student unrest.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, In southeast China typhoon Sinlaku was weakening as it churned inland after triggering fierce winds and heavy rain that killed 23 people, toppled homes and uprooted trees.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, In Guatemala local media reported that anthropologists digging under a school in Rabinal, in Guatemala's northern highlands, had unearthed the remains of 47 people killed during the country's 1960-1996 civil war.
    (AP, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, The leaders of the two main Kurdish factions, KDP and PUK, that control northern Iraq signed a reconciliation agreement as the United States tries to forge a united front against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 8, In eastern Pakistan 4 suspected militants, including two linked to a bloody attack on a church last year, were killed in a shootout with the police.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, Philippine troops shelled retreating Muslim guerrillas after capturing two rebel camps in fighting on southern Jolo island that left at least 22 dead.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, A Russian prosecutor said that the bodies of seven Chechen residents who disappeared several months ago were found in a common grave near Goragorsk.
    (AP, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, Georges-Andre Chevallaz (87), a former Swiss president (1980) and member of the ruling cabinet for 10 years, died in Lausanne.
    (AP, 9/9/02)     

2002        Sep 9, The US State Department cleared the way for giving $41.6 million in arms and equipment to Colombia, certifying that the country's military has met human rights requirements in three areas.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, Allied aircraft struck Iraq for the third time in a week, bombing a military facility southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, In Burundi 183 civilians were killed by uniformed men in an area of heavy fighting between government troops and rebels. On Sep 18 the government promised an investigation.
    (AP, 9/18/02)
2002        Sep 9, In El Salvador a small plane crashed into the slopes of a mountain, killing four prominent Guatemala businessmen and the pilot.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, In Egypt a military court convicted 51 men in one of the country's biggest cases against Muslim militants in years and sentenced them to two to 15 years in prison. The group was dubbed al-Wa'ad (the Promise).
    (AP, 9/9/02)(SFC, 9/10/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 9, The Rajdhani Express train derailed in Bihar state and fell into a river, killing at least 118 people. An Indian railway official said that it was an act of sabotage.
    (AP, 9/10/02)(WSJ, 9/10/02, p.A1)(Reuters, 9/11/02)(AP, 9/9/03)
2002        Sep 9, Iraq challenged the United States to produce "one piece of evidence" that it was producing weapons of mass destruction. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said the Security Council must be allowed to have its say on a possible attack against Iraq.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2002        Sep 9, In Nepal Maoist rebels launched an overnight attack on a remote Nepali town targeting several government offices. At least 57 soldiers and police were killed and a counterattack was launched.
    (Reuters, 9/9/02)(SFC, 9/10/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 9, An earthquake struck just off Papua New Guinea's north coast, killing 3 people and causing a tidal wave that washed away at least 40 homes.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 9, Tens of thousands of Sri Lankans rallied in the capital Colombo in a show of support for peace talks with separatist Tamil Tiger rebels aimed at ending one of Asia's longest-running wars.
    (Reuters, 9/9/02)

2002        Sep 10, The Bush administration raised the nationwide terror alert to yellow, its second-highest level, closed nine U.S. embassies overseas and heightened security at federal buildings and landmarks in America on the eve of the Sept. 11 anniversary.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2002        Sep 10, It was reported that US forces in Afghanistan had launched Operation Champion Strike in the Bermel Valley aimed at re-entering al Qaeda.
    (SFC, 9/10/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 10, Martin Strel of Slovenia finished swimming the 2,360-mile length of the Mississippi. He began July 4 and covered 11-12 miles per day.
    (WSJ, 9/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 10, In the Florida Democratic primary Bill McBride won over former Attorney General Janet Reno by some 8,196 votes for a chance to unseat Gov. Jebb Bush. McBride was certified as winner on Sep 17. Polling stations opened late and problems cropped up with new touchscreen voting machines.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/13/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/03)
2002        Sep 10, In Argentina thousands of people staged a 10-minute demonstration in Buenos Aires to protest a crime wave that has engulfed this country as it falls deeper into economic crisis.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, Colombia stepped up its emergency powers to battle growing insurgency violence, announcing it can detain people without warrants, restrict travel and impose curfews.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, In southeastern France authorities said flooding and heavy rain had claimed the lives of 26 people. Rescuers were searching for dozens of others reported missing.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, In Indonesia soldiers arrested nurse Joy Lee Sadler (57) and academic Lesley McCullough (40) in Aceh province on charges of violating tourist visas by meeting with Aceh rebels. Sadler struck a commander who tried to take her friend's computer. Sadler was released Jan 10, 2003.
    (SFC, 12/18/02, p.A21)(SFC, 1/10/03, p.A17)
2002        Sep 10, Radical farmers in San Salvador, Mexico, have declared this town outside Mexico City to be autonomous, two months after they forced the government to abandon plans for a new airport.
    (AP, 9/11/02)
2002        Sep 10, In South Africa the highest court ruled that gay couples have the right to adopt children and laws that prevent them from doing so violate their constitutional rights.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, Switzerland became the 190th member of the UN, preserving its historic neutrality but stepping more actively onto the world stage.
    (AP, 9/10/02)

2002        Sep 11, With words of comfort and resolve, President Bush joined the nation in remembering "how it began and who fell first" in the terrorist attacks one year earlier. Memorial ceremonies were tinged with fear the anniversary could spark repeat attacks.
    (Reuters, 9/11/02)(AP, 9/11/03)
2002        Sep 11, Kim Hunter (79), film actress, died. She won a 1951 supporting Oscar for her role as Stella in "A Streetcar Named Desire."
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A26)
2002        Sep 11, Johnny Unitas (b.1933), Hall of Fame football quarterback, died in Baltimore. In 2006 Tom Callahan authored “Johnny U, The Life and Times of John Unitas."
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/06, p.F3)
2002        Sep 11, George Shiynyuy (38), a prominent Cameroon separatist leader, died in state custody, hospital. Newspapers reported he was tortured to death.
    (AP, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 11, The Guatemala Congress enacted a law that prohibited racial discrimination.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 11, The 21-member Palestinian Cabinet resigned after Yasser Arafat lost a showdown with parliament, the most serious challenge to the Palestinian leader since he returned from exile in 1994.
    (AP, 9/11/02)
2002        Sep 11, In Karachi, Pakistan, 2 al Qaeda suspects were killed and 5 captured after security forces stormed an apartment. Key al Qaeda member Ramzi Bin al-Shibh, who is wanted by Germany for his alleged role in planning and carrying out the 2001 hijacked plane attacks on the US, was arrested after a long running gun battle. Also captured were the sons, ages 7 & 9, of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, the man accused of plotting the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks in the US. Mohammed was captured six months later in Pakistan and was sent to a CIA black site in Poland.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/14/02)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramzi_bin_al-Shibh)(SFC, 1/29/20, p.A7)
2002        Sep 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic militants killed Mushtaq Ahmad Lone (44), a state law minister and legislative candidate. 15 others were killed in 2 other attacks.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 11, In Russia Pres. Putin threatened military strikes on Georgia to defend itself from terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A7)

2002        Sep 12, Pres. Bush addressed the UN and laid out his case against Iraq's Pres. Saddam Hussein. Bush told skeptical world leaders at the United Nations to confront the "grave and gathering danger" of Saddam Hussein's Iraq, or to stand aside as the United States acted. Bush was expected to announce US plans to rejoin Unesco, headquartered in Paris. France favored a demand for weapons inspectors in Iraq along with force if Iraq resisted.
    (WSJ, 9/12/02, p.A1,4)(SFC, 9/13/02, p.A1)(AP, 9/12/03)
2002        Sep 12, L. Dennis Kozlowski (55), former CEO of Tyco Int'l. was indicted along with Mark Swartz, financial adviser, for a $600 million racketeering scheme. 3 former Tyco International executives were charged with looting the conglomerate of hundreds of millions of dollars; all three pleaded innocent at their arraignment in New York.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.B1)(AP, 9/12/03)(WSJ, 10/30/03, p.C1)
2002        Sep 12, In Union City, Ca., 3 people were found slain at a rented home in Compton Court. Arrests in 2006 linked the triple slaying to a feud over ecstasy trafficking.
    (SFC, 8/14/06, p.B2)
2002        Sep 12, Tahitian authorities found a 55-foot catamaran, the Hakuna Matata, that belonged to former NBA star Bison Dele (b.1969 as Brian Carson Williams). His brother, Kevin Williams (Miles Dabord) was seen docking the catamaran on July 16 in Taravao, Tahiti. Williams met his girlfriend on July 8 in Papeete and described a scuffle that left 3 people dead. He was last seen Sept. 5 in Phoenix, when he tried to pick up an order for $500,000 in American Double Eagle coins using his brother's passport. A comatose Williams was arrested Sep 19 at a San Diego hospital and died Sep 27.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A15)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A7)(SFC, 9/20/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/28/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 12, In Maine 14 guest workers from Honduras and Guatemala were drowned when their van fell off a bridge into the Allagash Wilderness Waterway.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 12, The World Bank pledged $120 million to help Angola rebuild after more than two decades of civil war, but told its leaders they must take measures to dispel suspicion of high-level corruption.
    (AP, 9/12/02)
2002        Sep 12, In western Guatemala heavy rains loosened a mountainside, burying about 30 homes and killing at least 17 people. Officials said that nearly two dozen others were missing.
    (AP, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 12, In Nicaragua prosecutors have filed new corruption charges against Amelia Aleman, sister of former President Arnoldo Aleman, accusing her of embezzling funds from a state-owned construction company and ordering its work force to handle her private home-improvement projects.
    (AP, 9/13/02)

2002        Sep 13, President Bush said it was "highly doubtful" that Saddam Hussein would comply with demands that he disarm and avoid a confrontation with the world community. And he mocked Democrats and other lawmakers who wanted UN action before a congressional vote on confronting Saddam.
    (AP, 9/13/03)
2002        Sep 13, Argentine police arrested Luis Ramirez Pineda (77), a retired Chilean army general, at a Buenos Aires hotel on an international warrant for alleged involvement in human rights abuses stemming from the 1973 coup in Chile.
    (AP, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 13, It was reported that political theater in Brazil had taken on a new grass-roots form called the Theater of the Oppressed, wherein spectators stepped into scenes in "interventions" to take the part of the underdog.
    (WSJ, 9/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 13, In Guatemala Miguel Angel Orozco (33), a policeman who had shot a woman, was seized and burned to death by an angry mob in Coatepeque. Radio stations quoted witnesses as saying Orozco had been drunk at the time.
    (AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 13, Four Palestinians were killed in Gaza, including three in an explosion at a home believed to harbor a bomb workshop. Elsewhere, a Palestinian gunman died in a firefight with Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 13, Iraq will pay up to $5,000 each to Palestinians whose home is demolished in the Israeli campaign against suspected militants, a pro-Iraqi group said Friday, hinting also that Iraq is supplying weapons to the Palestinians.
    (AP, 9/13/02) 
2002        Sep 13, A top Iraqi official said Baghdad opposes the return of U.N. weapons inspectors and President Bush's speech to the United Nations was "full of lies." Iraq will attack Israel if it takes part in a U.S. strike against President Hussein's government, an Iraqi minister said in published remarks.
    (AP, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 13, In Nepal 9 police officers were killed when their jeep drove over a land mine. The 6-year Maoist insurgency has left nearly 5,000 people dead.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A10)
2002        Sep 13, Peru's Pres. Alejandro Toledo signed a $50 million loan agreement with World Bank to provide fresh water and sanitation facilities to more than a million people in rural areas of Peru.
    (AP, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 13, Foreign ministers of the U.N. Security Council's permanent five nations said that Iraq's refusal to obey past U.N. resolutions "is a serious matter and that Iraq must comply." Russia, Europe and key Arab states piled pressure on Iraq on Friday to readmit U.N. weapons inspectors to avert possible U.S.-led military action.
    (AP, 9/13/02)(Reuters, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 13, In South Africa the Italian ship, the Jolly Rubino, that ran aground  within the boundaries of the Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park, began leaking oil and was in danger of breaking up, according to conservation officials and a salvage company.
    (AP, 9/13/02)

2002        Sep 14, President Bush said the United States was willing to take Iraq on alone if the United Nations failed to "show some backbone" by confronting Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 9/14/03)
2002        Sep 14, In Lackawanna, New York, 5 men of Yemeni descent were charged with supporting foreign terrorist organizations. They trained in an al Qaeda camp run by Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network in the spring of 2001. A 6th member of the cell was arrested in Bahrain. All 6 were indicted Oct 21. In 2003 Mukhtar al-Bakri was sentenced to 10 years, Yasein Taher to 9 years. All terms ranged from 7-10 years.
    (AP, 9/15/02)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 10/22/02, p.A7)(SFC, 12/5/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/18/03, p.A1)
2002        Sep 14, Lolita Torres (72), a singer and one of the top actresses of Argentina's golden era of cinema, died of complications from a lung infection.
    (AP, 9/15/02)
2002        Sep 14, In China 38 (49) people died and hundreds were hospitalized with food poisoning after eating breakfast snacks, sesame cakes, fried dough sticks and fried glutinous rice balls, in the eastern Chinese city of Nanjing. A man jealous of a business rival later confessed to spiking his competitor's breakfast snacks with rat poison.
    (Reuters, 9/14/02)(Reuters, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 14, In Congo DRC it was reported that some 1,200 people had died from a cholera epidemic and that another 18,000 were infected.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A20)
2002        Sep 14, In Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, demonstrators threw homemade firebombs at police who retaliated with tear gas during a fourth day of violent protests over electricity blackouts that have left 2 dead.
    (AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 14, In France Tim Montgomery, American sprinter, set a 9.78 second record in the 100-meter dash at the IAAF Grand Prix in Paris. In 2004 he admitted to using steroids and a growth hormone. In 2005 he was banned from track for 2 years and his 2001-2005 records were expunged.
    (SFC, 6/24/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/14/05, p.A1)
2002        Sep 14, In Italy tens of thousands of protesters rallied in central Rome, accusing conservative Premier Silvio Berlusconi of using political power for his personal benefit, and saying opposition parties were not doing enough about it.
    (AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 14, In Ivory Coast’s Azagny National Park there were only 39,000 western chimpanzees left of an original 600,000. The western chimpanzee, one of four subspecies of the common chimpanzee, was already extinct in the wild in Benin, Gambia and Togo. It was almost extinct in Senegal, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Guinea Bissau and Ghana.
    (AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 14, President Emile Lahoud said Lebanon will start pumping water from a shared border river for its southern villages despite Israeli military threats.
    (AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 14, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor lifted the state of emergency he imposed eight months ago, declaring that the rebel insurrection against his government had been all but crushed.
    (AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 14, In Macedonia an ethnic Albanian was killed and two were wounded in a clash with police, as tensions soared on the eve of key elections.
    (AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 14, South and North Korea have set a date to begin mine clearing and establish a military hotline during reconstruction of railway links across their fortified border divided for 50 years.
    (Reuters, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 14, In Syria 2 buses collided in the northeast, killing 13 people and injuring four others.
    (AP, 9/15/02)

2002        Sep 15, U.S. and British warplanes bombed Iraqi installations in the southern no-fly zone. Major air defense sites were being targeted.
    (AP, 9/15/02)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)
2002        Sep 15, In Knoxville, Tennessee, a Norfolk Southern train derailed near and one car with 93,000 pounds of sulfuric acid ruptured. The liquid acid vaporized creating a toxic cloud.
    (SFC, 9/16/02, p.A7)
2002        Sep 15, Thousands of Muslims gathered at a radical Islamic conference in London to confront what organizers said was a choice between accepting life under a "colonialist world view" or being labeled terrorists.
    (AP, 9/15/02)
2002        Sep 15, Jews in Israel marked Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish year.
    (AP, 9/15/02)
2002        Sep 15, In Macedonia the opposition led by Branko Crvenkovski swept the ruling coalition from power in the country's first elections since last year's armed uprising. Premier Ljubco Georgievski confirmed the nationalists' defeat.
    (AP, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 15, At least 5 Iraqi agents graduated from a 2-week course in surveillance techniques at the "Special Training Center" in Moscow.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A1)
2002        Sep 15, Sweden's voters bucked the conservative trend in Europe, reaffirming support for the country's generous welfare system. The ruling Social Democrats claimed victory in the national elections.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2002        Sep 15, Derek Davies (71), who ran the Far Eastern Economic Review for 25 years and turned the magazine into a leading source of English-language news and analysis about Asia died in France.
    (AP, 9/17/02)

2002        Sep 16, In Argentina a bus filled with Catholic pilgrims fell into a deep gorge some 50 miles from Catamarca, killing 38 and injuring 27.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2002        Sep 16, In Chechnya a land mine planted at a busy intersection in the capital Grozny exploded as a passenger bus drove by, and 19 people were killed and 20 others wounded. 3 suspects in the blast were detained.
    (AP, 9/16/02)(AP, 9/17/02)
2002        Sep 16, European political and business officials gathered for a two-day summit on the lagging economy and the last snags to expanding the European Union into eastern Europe.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2002        Sep 16, Indian-ruled Kashmir ended the first stage of state assembly elections against a backdrop of violence and in the shadow of a tense confrontation between nuclear powers India and Pakistan. Indian troops killed 9 suspected Islamic rebels in a border sweep hours before the elections. A 44% turnout was reported.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A10)
2002        Sep 16, Iraq said it would allow UN weapons inspectors unconditional access to suspected weapons sites. Naji Sabri, Iraq's minister of foreign affairs, addressed the letter to UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan. The inspection commission, headed by Hans Blix, is responsible for overseeing the destruction of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons and the long-range missiles to deliver them. Core staff: 63 people from 17 nations.
    (SFC, 9/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/18/02)
2002        Sep 16, In Lagos, Nigeria, an accidental factory fire complex fire left at least 15 dead. Thousands of rioters soon burned and looted the factory. 45 bodies were later recovered.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 16, In Singapore authorities announced the arrests of 21 men they identified as members of an extremist Islamic organization. The men were initially detained in August and linked to Riduan Isamuddin, an Indonesian militant.
    (SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 9/20/02, p.A14)
2002        Sep 16, Sri Lanka's government and Tamil Tiger rebels began peace talks brokered by Norway in Thailand.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(SFC, 9/16/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 16, In Ukraine, some 15,000 demonstrators marched in Kiev and tens of thousands of others gathered in public squares around the country, demanding that President Leonid Kuchma resign or call new elections.
    (AP, 9/16/02)

2002        Sep 17, US Constitution Day: Article 1, Section 8: "The power to declare war rests with Congress."
    (SFC, 9/15/02, p.D4)
2002        Sep 17, The United States and its key global partners in Middle East peacemaking agreed to try to establish a provisional Palestinian state next year.
    (AP, 9/17/02)
2002        Sep 17, The US "Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000" study was released. It counted some 62 million Catholics as the top of 15 faiths and listed the Mormons as the fastest growing with 4.2 million members.
    (SFC, 9/18/02, p.A3)
2003        Sep 17, NBA star Patrick Ewing announced his retirement as a player.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2002        Sep 17, Elizabeth Coblentz (66), Amish cooking columnist, died. Her cook books included "The Amish Cook Cookbook" and "An Amish Christmas."
    (SFC, 9/23/02, p.B5)
2002        Sep 17, The foreign secretaries of Belize and Guatemala announced a proposed border settlement in their countries. The proposal retains the border between the two countries established in a 1959 treaty, which Guatemala has rejected, and suggests a series of measures aimed at sharing resources.
    (AP, 9/19/02)
2002        Sep 17, UN Weapons inspectors and Iraqi officials agreed to meet in Vienna in 10 days to complete arrangements for the inspectors' return. The UN said Iraq had abandoned its illegal surcharges in the oil-for-food program.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 17, Kim Jong-il apologized to Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi for abductions of Japanese citizens and offered concessions on security issues of global concern. Both leaders exchanged apologies. Of 11 Japanese on an official North Korea list of those who were kidnapped in the 1970s and 1980s, only 4 were still alive. Details of the kidnapped were made public Oct 2. North Korea announced that it will indefinitely extend its moratorium on missile testing as part of the North Korea-Japan Pyongyang Declaration signed during a meeting between Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A8)(www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/dprkchron.asp)
2002        Sep 17, In Paraguay police fired tear gas and water cannons to clear thousands of anti-government demonstrators from the capital's main square, injuring at least 40 protesters.
    (AP, 9/17/02)
2002        Sep 17, Rwanda began withdrawing troops from eastern Congo as part of an agreement signed with the Congolese government to end the four-year civil war in Africa's third-largest nation.
    (AP, 9/17/02)   

2002        Sep 18, The Bush administration pressed Congress to take the lead in authorizing force against Iraq, with Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld asserting, "It serves no U.S. or U.N. purpose to give Saddam Hussein excuses for further delay."
    (AP, 9/18/03)
2002        Sep 18, Bob Hayes (59), former Olympic gold medal sprinter (1964) and Dallas Cowboy, died.
    (WSJ, 9/20/02, p.A1)(NW, 9/30/02, p.15)
2002        Sep 18, A French appeals court ordered wartime collaborator Maurice Papon freed, accepting his lawyers' arguments that the 92-year-old is too sick to finish his 10-year sentence for helping send Jews to Nazi death camps.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2002        Sep 18, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 2 ruling party workers were gunned down and a ruling lawmaker was attacked ahead of the second round of voting in a state election dogged by anti-poll violence that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/18/02)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A10) 
2002        Sep 18, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a bus stop in the Arab-Israeli village of Umm al-Fahm in northern Israel, wounding several people.
    (AP, 9/18/02)
2002        Sep 18, Abu Salem, alleged terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most wanted men, was arrested in Portugal. Salem is accused by Indian police of being involved in the country's worst bombing attack, which killed 257 people in Bombay in 1993, as well as a string of murder and extortion cases.
    (AP, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 18, The World Bank reported that the Vietnamese natural environment, which supports one of the world's most biologically diverse ecosystems, has deteriorated rapidly over the past 10 years.
    (AP, 9/18/02)

2002        Sep 19, President Bush asked Congress for authority to "use all means," including military force if necessary, to disarm and overthrow Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein if he did not quickly meet United Nations demands to abandon all weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 9/19/03)
2002        Sep 19, Kansas City first base coach Tom Gamboa was attacked without warning by two fans, a father and son, who came out of the seats at Comiskey Park. The father, 34-year-old William Ligue Jr., and his 15-year-old son later received probation.
    (AP, 9/19/03)
2002        Sep 19, Scientists urged stronger warning labels for acetaminophen, a painkiller used in numerous products including Tylenol. Overdose caused liver damage and annual deaths numbered some 100.
    (SFC, 9/20/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 19, In Colombia Army troops killed 21 guerrillas on 23 fronts and freed 2 kidnapped civilians. A 3rd hostage died in the fighting.
    (SFC, 9/20/02, p.A12)
2002        Sep 19, German police stormed homes and froze bank accounts across the country after outlawing 16 more groups linked to a jailed Islamic militant accused of plotting an airplane attack in Turkey.
    (AP, 9/19/02)
2002        Sep 19, Ivory Coast's former junta leader, Gen. Robert Guei, was killed after heavily armed forces attacked government and security installations in Abidjan and other cities in the West African country. On Feb 18, 2016, a military court sentenced three soldiers loyal to ex-president Laurent Gbagbo to life in prison over the murder.
    (AP, 9/19/02)(AFP, 2/19/16)
2002        Sep 19, In Nigeria Ijaw tribe militants captured seven foreign-owned oil facilities and threatened to invade dozens more in a bid to force the government to change election boundaries they say favor a rival tribe.
    (AP, 9/20/02)(SFC, 9/21/02, p.A6)
2002        Sep 19, North Korea announced it had made the city of Sinuiju on its border with China a "special administrative region," a move South Korean media said was the first step towards creating a new economic zone. The project was soon mothballed after its first governor, Yang Bin, was jailed in China for tax evasion. Yang Bin was formally sentenced in July 2003 for 18 years, and was fined for 2.3 million renminbi.
    (Reuters, 9/19/02)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yang_Bin)
2002        Sep 19, A Palestinian blew himself up on a crowded bus in downtown Tel Aviv, killing at least five other people and wounding 49. It was the second suicide bombing in two days after a six-week lull.
    (AP, 9/19/02)
2002        Sep 19-20, The Colombian air force bombarded two rebel camps in northwest Colombia, killing an estimated 200 insurgents.
    (AP, 9/20/02)

2002        Sep 20, President Bush appealed to a reluctant Russian President Vladimir Putin to back a new U.N. resolution that would threaten Iraq with war if it did not disarm; Russian officials indicated there might be room for compromise.
    (AP, 9/20/03)
2002        Sep 20, It was reported that cancer in Melanoma patients went into remission following injections of their own T-cells.
    (WSJ, 9/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 20, Scientists urged stronger warning labels for aspirin, ibuprofen and similar painkillers due to the risk of ulcers.
    (SFC, 9/20/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 20, William Rosenberg (86), founder of the Dunkin' Donuts chain, died in Mashpee, Mass.
    (AP, 9/20/03)
2002        Sep 20, A riot in an overcrowded Dominican prison left 30 inmates dead and 48 others injured, 12 critically. Most of the deaths were by smoke inhalation.
    (AP, 9/20/02)(AP, 2/16/12)
2002        Sep 20, In India one man was killed and 5 others injured when police opened fire to disperse groups of Hindus and Muslims fighting in western Gujarat state.
    (Reuters, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 20, Israel tightened its siege on Yasser Arafat, using tanks to destroy a stairwell in his compound, digging a deep trench and running coils of barbed wire around his offices.
    (AP, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 20, Rebel soldiers dug in at two Ivory Coast cities, reinforcing positions with heavy weapons and handing out uniforms and guns to recruits, a day after the government said it had crushed a bloody coup attempt.
    (AP, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 20, In southern Russia a collapsing glacier triggered an avalanche of ice and mud, burying the village of Nizhny Karmadon in the southern republic of North Ossetia, and killing as many as 100 people.
    (AP, 9/21/02)
2002        Sep 20, Necdet Kent (91), Turkish diplomat in France (1941-1944), died in Istanbul. He gave Turkish citizenship to dozens of Turkish Jews living in France who did not have proper identity papers to save them from deportation to the Nazi gas chambers.
    (AP, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 20, In Yemen 2 suspected members of al-Qaida were killed in a gunbattle and three others were arrested after security forces raided several homes looking for members of the terrorist network.
    (AP, 9/20/02)

2002        Sep 21, Erika Harold, Miss Illinois, was crowned in Atlantic City, NJ, as Miss America 2003.
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A2)
2002        Sep 21, Angelo Buono Jr., whose gruesome killing of young Los Angeles women in the 1970s earned him the nickname Hillside Strangler, died in a California prison; he was 67.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2002        Sep 21, In Indonesia 10 people were killed and 15 wounded in an explosion at a fireworks factory in the town of Slawi in Central Java province.
    (Reuters, 9/21/02)
2002        Sep 21, Iraq rejected U.S. efforts to secure a U.N. resolution threatening war, with Iraqi state-run radio announcing Baghdad will not abide by unfavorable new resolutions adopted by the U.N. Security Council.
    (AP, 9/21/02)
2002        Sep 21, In Liberia government forces and rebels battled for at least three northern and northwestern towns in a new outbreak of fighting near the border with Guinea.
    (AP, 9/21/02)
2002        Sep 21, Explosions rocked Yasser Arafat's compound, including one that showered him with debris, as the Israeli army systematically blew up or bulldozed nearly every building around him in the Palestinian Authority's headquarters.
    (AP, 9/21/02)
2002        Sep 21, In Slovakia Vladimir Meciar, the authoritarian former prime minister, appeared to edge out his rivals in elections, but he was without the support needed to catapult him to power in the face of united opposition.
    (AP, 9/21/02) 

2002        Sep 22, The White House drama "The West Wing" won its third consecutive Emmy as best drama series; Jennifer Aniston won for best actress in Friends, which won for the best comedy series.
    (SFC, 9/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 22, Gerhard Schroeder's Social Democrats held onto power in Germany's closest postwar election, but the chancellor will face a tougher opposition as he tries to reduce unemployment and revive the economy. The parliamentary elections pitted center-left Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder against conservative challenger, Bavarian governor Edmund Stoiber.
    (Reuters, 9/22/02)(AP, 9/23/02)
2002        Sep 22, In the Ivory Coast thousands of angry civilians marched through a rebel-held city of Bouake, screaming anti-government slogans and cheering the insurgents behind this West African nation's bloodiest military uprising.
    (AP, 9/22/02)
2002        Sep 22, In Kashmir 6 police were wounded and one Muslim militant killed following an attack on a police compound in Srinagar.
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A12)
2002        Sep 22, In Nepal Maoist rebels fighting the constitutional monarchy have called for a three-day countrywide strike aimed at disrupting general elections slated to begin on November 13. The army killed 76 rebels over the last 2 days.
    (Reuters, 9/22/02)(SFC, 9/23/02, p.A8)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A13)
2002        Sep 22, Thousands of Palestinians, many defying military curfews, poured into West Bank and Gaza streets to protest Israel's assault on Yasser Arafat's headquarters, and 5 demonstrators were killed by army fire.
    (AP, 9/22/02)(WSJ, 9/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 22, Switzerland held a referendum on the use of tons of "excess" gold sold weekly from the vaults of Switzerland's central bank. The government wants to split the money three ways: a third to Swiss cantons, or states, a third to its social security program exclusively for Swiss residents and a third to be divided evenly between self-help projects for use at home and abroad.
    (AP, 9/21/02)

2002        Sep 23, The Bush administration asked a federal appeals court to strike down Oregon's assisted-suicide law.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 23, A 24-count indictment charging conspiracy, securities fraud and wire fraud was filed against the founding family and two executives of bankrupt cable company Adelphia Communications Corporation.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2002        Sep 23, Governor Gray Davis signed a law making California the first state to offer workers paid family leave.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A1)(AP, 9/23/03)
2002        Sep 23, Hong Im Ballenger, a beauty shop manager in Baton Rouge, La., was shot to death. Her murder was later attributed to John Allen Muhammed, the Washington area sniper.
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 23, Rachel Burkheimer (18) of Marysville, Wa., was shot to death by her boyfriend John Anderson. On Oct 5 Matthew Durham led police to her body. 8 people were later arrested for her murder. In 2004 Yusef Jihad, head of a gang involved in the killing, was convicted of 1st degree murder. Anderson was convicted of aggravated 1st degree murder on May 19, 2004. In 2004 Tony Williams (22) was sentenced to 9 years in prison and Maurice Rivas (20) to 26 years.
    (ST, 4/6/04, p.B5)(ST, 5/20/04, p.B1)(ST, 7/29/04, p.B1)
2002        Sep 23, In Inner Mongolia, China, a staircase guardrail gave way at a school, killing 21 students.
    (Reuters, 9/24/02)
2002        Sep 23, Georgia's president sought to defuse an explosive war of words with Russia, offering to let Moscow send unarmed military observers to the mountain valley where Russia says terrorists are operating.
    (AP, 9/23/02)
2002        Sep 23, War fever drove U.S. oil prices to a new 19-month high as dealers took fright at the growing threat of a U.S. assault on Iraq.
    (AP, 9/23/02)
2002        Sep 23, Twenty five leaders from Asia and the European Union gathered for a two-day summit expected to focus on North Korea, the fight against international terrorism and economic cooperation.
    (AP, 9/23/02)
2002        Sep 23, Hurricane Isidore left two dead and 300,000 homeless in Mexico's Yucatan and moved toward the U.S. Gulf coast.
    (AP, 9/24/02)
2002        Sep 23, In Kashmir Muslim separatists killed 10 people in grenade attacks on polling stations to frighten voters.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A13)
2002        Sep 23, Nepali troops fought a fierce battle with Maoist rebels and killed 24 guerrillas. The death toll from the fighting took the number of insurgents killed in the last five days to 143.
    (Reuters, 9/25/02)
2002        Sep 23, A defiant Yasser Arafat dug in at his besieged West Bank compound, rejecting Israel's demand to hand over the names of all those holed up inside.
    (AP, 9/23/03)
2002        Sep 23, A Palestinian gunman opened fire on visitors attending Jewish holiday celebrations In Hebron, killing a man and wounding three of his sons.
    (AP, 9/24/02)

2002        Sep 24, The US Census Bureau reported a rise in the poverty rate to 11.7%, with 32.9 million people classified as poor. It was the 1st rise in 8 years.
    (WSJ, 9/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 24, The annual $500,00 "genius award" MacArthur grants were given to 24 men and women including David B. Goldstein, energy specialist at the Natural Resources Defense Council in SF for his work on energy-efficient refrigerators.
    (SFC, 9/25/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/25/02, p.B1)
2002        Sep 24, The Dow Jones industrials dropped nearly 190 points to hit a four-year low. The Federal Reserve voted to keep U.S. interest rates steady for now despite rare dissent within its ranks.
    (AP, 9/24/02)(Reuters, 9/24/02)
2002        Sep 24, British Prime Minister Tony Blair asserted that Iraq had a growing arsenal of chemical and biological weapons and planned to use them, as he unveiled an intelligence dossier to a special session of Parliament.
    (AP, 9/24/03)
2002        Sep 24, Youssouf Togoimi, rebel head of the Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad and a former minister in the government of President Idriss Deby, died from wounds suffered after his vehicle struck a land mine Aug 28. Togoimi died in a hospital in neighboring Libya where he was flown for treatment.
    (AP, 9/26/02)
2002        Sep 24, The Danish government announced that the US will return to Denmark a section of the U.S. air base at Thule in northern Greenland that was created in 1953.
    (AP, 9/24/02)   
2002        Sep 24, In India commandos stormed the Swaminarayan Hindu temple in Gandhinagar to try to flush out gunmen who killed 32 Hindus and wounded over 70. Two attackers were killed the next day after a 14-hour siege.
    (Reuters, 9/24/02)(SFC, 9/25/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 24, Iraq dismissed a British government report that said Saddam Hussein is pursuing chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 9/24/02)
2002        Sep 24, Allied aircraft struck Iraqi air defense facilities again in a double strike at two southeastern installations. Precision-guided weapons were aimed at a radar facility near Al Amarah about 165 miles southeast of Baghdad and a defense communications facility at Tallil, about 170 miles southeast of the capital.
    (AP, 9/25/02)
2002        Sep 24,  Israel defied a U.N. Security Council demand to end its six-day siege of Yasser Arafat's devastated West Bank headquarters. 9 Palestinians were killed in an Israeli strike against alleged munitions factories and other targets in Gaza City. Israeli troops demolished three houses of Palestinian terror suspects, while Jewish settler leaders inaugurated a new Jewish settlement near the Palestinian city of Nablus.
    (AP, 9/24/02)(AP, 9/25/02)
2002        Sep 24, In Spain a booby-trapped sign bearing the logo of the armed Basque separatist group ETA exploded, killing one police officer and wounding three others.
    (AP, 9/24/02)
2002        Sep 24, Tropical Storm Lili unleashed a mudslide that buried a woman and three of her children in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
    (AP, 9/25/02)

2002        Sep 25, The annual Alaska oil dividend was announced to be $1,540.76.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A7)
2002        Sep 25, US military C-130s and US troops landed in Ivory Coast to rescue Americans. American schoolchildren escaped a rebel-held Ivory Coast city that was under siege as US special forces and French troops moved in to rescue Westerners caught in the West African nation's bloody uprising.
    (AP, 9/25/02)(AP, 9/25/07)
2002        Sep 25, Tropical Storm Isidore drenched the Gulf Coast.
    (AP, 9/25/03)
2002        Sep 25, Explosives (pentrite) were discovered on a Moroccan jet after passengers left the flight at an airport in eastern France. There was no detonator attached to the 3 1/2 ounces of explosives discovered in the passenger section of a Royal Air Maroc airplane after it landed at the Metz-Nancy-Lorraine airport.
    (AP, 9/26/02)
2002        Sep 25, Indian forces killed five suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan as new tensions were stoked between the nuclear rivals over an attack on an Indian temple.
    (AP, 9/25/02)
2002        Sep 25, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi urged the United Nations to come up with a "new, strongly worded, unambiguous and exacting" resolution on Iraq that could authorize the use of force if Baghdad fails to comply with it.
    (AP, 9/26/02)
2002        Sep 25, In Pakistan the Islamic Martyrs Brigade (Lashkar Fedayan-e-Islami) held a secret meeting in Peshawar and announced planned suicide attacks against American troops in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A18)
2002        Sep 25, In Pakistan 2 gunmen burst into the offices of a Christian welfare organization in the city of Karachi and opened fire, killing six people, three of them Christians, and wounding two others.
    (Reuters, 9/25/02)(SFC, 9/26/02, p.A22)
2002        Sep 25-2002 Sep 26, Over 800 passengers and crew were believed to have perished when the Senegal’s crowded MS Joola, a state-run ferry, heaved to its side shortly before midnight in a fierce storm off the coast of Gambia. The toll was later raised to 1,863 dead. The ship had been pushed into service while still needing vital repairs. The ferry was licensed to carry 550 people but had 1,927 passengers on board, of whom only 64 survived.
    (WSJ, 9/30/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.A12)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.58)(AFP, 3/19/12)

2002        Sep 26, WorldCom former controller David Myers pleaded guilty to securities fraud, saying he was told by "senior management" to falsify records in what became the largest corporate accounting scandal in US history. Myers was later sentenced to one year and one day in prison.
    (AP, 9/26/07)
2002        Sep 26, Gap Inc, 6 other US firms and 23 local manufacturers settled a class-action lawsuit over alleged sweatshop abuses on Saipan. The deal created a $20 million fund for back wages and a monitoring system.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 26, In Norfolk, Nebraska, 3 men shot and killed 4 bank employees and a customer at a US Bank branch. Jose Sandoval, Jorge Galindo and Erick Fernando Vela were arrested after a few hours 75 miles away. A 4th suspect was arrested later. 3 were convicted of first-degree murder while a fourth pleaded guilty.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A4)(AP, 9/26/07)
2002        Sep 26, US immigration officials seized Maher Arar, a Syrian-born Canadian, after his name popped up on a watch list at JFK. US officials refused to allow legal council or a phone call. The CIA questioned him and then handed him over to Syrian intelligence where he was held and tortured for 10 months before being released. The case came to be called an instance of "torture by proxy." In 2006 a Canadian government report said the US "very likely" sent the software engineer to Syria, where he was tortured, based on the false accusation by Canadian authorities that he was suspected of links to al-Qaida.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.D1)(AP, 9/19/06)
2002        Sep 26, A new edition of the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary was published and contained such new words as: Jedi, Klingons, Grinches, gearheads, bunny-huggers and bunny-boilers.
    (AP, 9/26/02)
2002        Sep 26, In Colombia prosecutors accused 71 police officers, including a former top anti-drug official, of taking more than $2 million in U.S. aid.
    (AP, 9/26/02)
2002        Sep 26, In Guyana gunmen opened fire at a bar popular with some ruling party members, killing three people and injuring seven others, including the country's chief prosecutor who was involved in a high-profile treason trial.
    (AP, 9/26/02) 
2002        Sep 26, Israeli helicopter gunships fired missiles into Gaza City, killing two Palestinians in an escalation of violence. The attack was bid to kill Hamas bomb maker Mohammed Deif.
    (AP, 9/26/02)(WSJ, 9/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 26, Zerah Warhaftig (96), a signer of Israel's declaration of independence and a rescuer of Jewish refugees during World War II, died.
    (AP, 9/27/02)
2002        Sep 26, In Mexico Martha Sahagun de Fox launched a conference of first ladies of the Americas with a promise to forge creative answers to the problem of child poverty.
    (AP, 9/26/02)
2002        Sep 26, NATO planned to issue invitations in November to Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Expansion would commit the current 19 members to defend the borders of the new members.
    (SFC, 9/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 26, In Pakistan a passenger train derailed as it crossed a weakened bridge in the southwest, killing 16 people and injuring 70 others.
    (AP, 9/26/02)
2002        Sep 26, A Russian military helicopter was shot down in the Russian republic of Ingushetia near the border with Chechnya, killing two crewmen. At least 14 Russian servicemen were killed in fierce fighting with rebels.
    (AP, 9/26/02)(SFC, 9/27/02, p.A10)
2002        Sep 26, In Venezuela thousands took to the streets of Caracas to protest a decree giving the government the authority to ban protests in several areas.
    (AP, 9/26/02)

2002        Sep 27, President Bush said the UN should have a chance to force Saddam Hussein to give up his weapons of mass destruction before the US acted on its own against Iraq, but told a Republican fund-raising event in Denver that action had to come quickly.
    (AP, 9/27/03)
2002        Sep 27, In Washington DC some 1,500-2,000 activists protested the start of the annual meetings of the World Bank and IMF. About 650 were arrested.
    (SFC, 9/28/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 27, Three U.S. lawmakers, all Democrats, arrived in Baghdad to gauge the possible effects of war on ordinary Iraqi citizens. The visit by Rep. Jim McDermott of Washington and fellow House Democrats David Bonior of Michigan and Mike Thompson of California followed a Sept. 14 visit by a delegation led by Rep. Nick Rahall, a West Virginia Democrat.
    (AP, 9/27/02)
2002        Sep 27, The federal government increased the flow of water into the Klamath River from Upper Klamath Lake in Oregon following the die-off of some 12,000 salmon in northern California.
    (SFC, 9/28/02, p.A2)
2002        Sep 27, The DJIA fell 295 to 7701.45. Nasdaq fell 22.45 to 1199.16.
    (SFC, 9/28/02, p.B1)
2002        Sep 27, All West Coast ports shut down when the Pacific Maritime Assoc. locked out some 10,500 longshoremen in retaliation for work slowdowns. Contract negotiations had recently deteriorated.
    (SFC, 9/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 27, Charles Henri Ford (94), poet and novelist, died in Manhattan. His work included "The Young and Evil" (1933), considered by some as the 1st gay novel, and "Water From a Bucket: A Diary, 1947-1957."
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A18)
2002        Sep 27, In Australia a federal judge formally gave control of a remote chunk of the northwest slightly bigger than Greece to an Aboriginal tribe, marking the end of six years of negotiations.
    (AP, 9/27/02)
2002        Sep 27, Lord Ashdown (b.1941) began serving as the international community's High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. He ended his term May 30, 2006.
2002        Sep 27, East Timor, the first country to be born in the 21st century, gained a seat at the United Nations, swelling the membership roll to 191.
    (Reuters, 9/27/02)
2002        Sep 27, In Lebanon tens of thousands marched through the streets of Beirut chanting "death to Israel" and "death to America," in support of Palestinians' third year of uprising.
    (AP, 9/27/02)
2002        Sep 27, Police in Lebanon arrested Muhammad Sultan on charges of forging passports and supporting a terrorist group based on German police investigations. Sultan was released in 2004 after serving a 3½  year sentence.
    (WSJ, 1/31/06, p.A6)
2002        Sep 27, A Mexican military court charged three army officers (Gen. Francisco Quiros Hermosillo, Brig. Gen. Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro and Maj. Francisco Barquin)  with homicide in the killings of 143 leftist activists and revolutionaries, the first prosecution of soldiers for crimes committed during the so-called "dirty war" of the 1970s.
    (AP, 9/27/02)(SFC, 9/28/02, p.A6)
2002        Sep 27, In Morocco 26 parties, nearly a dozen of them formed in the past two years, contested parliamentary in elections. A fundamentalist party that wants to apply Islamic law, performed strongly in elections. The socialists of Prime Minister Abderrahmane Youssoufi finished first with 50 seats, Jettou said. The conservative Istiqlal Party, the socialists' coalition partner in the previous parliament, won 48 seats.
    (AP, 9/26/02)(AP, 9/28/02)(AP, 9/29/02)(AP, 10/2/02)
2002        Sep 27, Russian troops used artillery overnight to block suspected rebels from crossing into Chechnya through a forested part of the republic of Ingushetia after firefights that left at least 17 Russian servicemen dead.
    (AP, 9/27/02)
2002        Sep 27, In Sudan a thunder storm killed 26 people in two separate accidents in Khartoum when a Ferris wheel collapsed and a pleasure boat sank.
    (AP, 9/28/02)

2002        Sep 28, In Washington DC the World Bank and IMF agreed to speed efforts to develop a new "sovereign bankruptcy" procedure for countries in debt crises. Thousands demonstrated, but only 5 arrests were reported.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A1,9)
2002        Sep 28, U.S. jets raided the Basra civilian airport for the second time inside a week, targeting its radar systems and the passenger terminals.
    (AP, 9/29/02)
2002        Sep 28, Patsy Mink (74), 12-term Hawaii state representative, died in Honolulu.
    (WSJ, 9/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 28, In India at least 14 people died when they thousands stampeded to board a train following a political rally in Lucknow.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A24)
2002        Sep 28, Iraq rejected a U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.
    (AP, 9/28/03)
2002        Sep 28, Kuwait closed its last fiscal year with a $1.94 billion surplus, the National Bank of Kuwait reported.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, In South Africa a commuter bus veered off a road and flipped several times down a mountain pass, killing 21 people and injuring 52 in the Eastern Cape.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, In South Korea torches from 44 diverse lands converged and rival South and North Korean teams marched together as Asia kicked off its biggest festival of sport.
    (Reuters, 9/29/02)
2002        Sep 28, Sri Lanka and Tamil Tiger rebels exchanged prisoners of war as part of the ongoing peace process, and the rebels claimed they had no more prisoners in custody.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, About 50,000 Taiwan teachers marched through the capital to demand the right to form labor unions in the island's biggest protest in years.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, In Turkey paramilitary police reported the seizure of 35 pounds of uranium near the Syrian border and arrested two Turks who they said planned to sell the weapons-grade substance. The amount was later changed to 3 ounces and then found to be inert.
    (AP, 9/29/02)(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A12)(AP, 9/30/02)
2002        Sep 28, Zimbabweans in rural areas voted in elections for local councils, and the main opposition party said hundreds of its candidates were barred from running for office.
    (AP, 9/28/02)

2002        Sep 29, West Coast ports faced the 2nd lockout in 2 days as talks failed between the Pacific Maritime Assoc. and the ILWU.
    (SFC, 9/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 29, In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Charlie Young Jr. (36) was beaten to death by a mob of youths after he punched and knocked out the tooth of a 14-year-old who hit him with an egg.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)
2002        Sep 29, In Cambodia 2 nuns and a monk burned to death in bathtubs of gasoline and three suffered multiple stab wounds in Wat Thmar Sar. Police later detained Dem Mam the leader of an extremist Buddhist cult.
    (Reuters, 10/2/02)
2002        Sep 29, Cuba struck deals to buy more than $66 million of American food during a mammoth agribusiness show aimed at bringing more U.S. farm products to the communist island. More contracts were expected.
    (AP, 9/30/02)
2002        Sep 29, In Guatemala a bus carrying at least 45 passengers plunged into the Selegua River, and 23 of them drowned.
    (AP, 9/30/02)(AP, 10/3/02)
2002        Sep 29, Israel withdrew forces from Yasser Arafat's headquarters compound Responding to U.S. pressure, but said the hunt for men inside whom it accuses of terrorism would continue. Some 250 Palestinian militiamen were granted conditional freedom.
    (AP, 9/29/02)(SFC, 9/30/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 29,  Hurricane Lili killed 3 people in Jamaica and headed for Cuba.
    (AP, 10/1/02)
2002        Sep 29, Serbian voters picked a new president from among 11 candidates. Vojislav Kostunica (31%) will face Deputy PM Miroljub Labus (28%), a pro-Western candidate, in a runoff vote Oct 13 in Serbia's 1st presidential election since the ouster of Slobodan Milosevic.
    (AP, 9/29/02)(AP, 9/30/02)(SFC, 9/30/02, p.A16)
2002        Sep 29, A Saudi prince signed deals worth $330 million to export Sudanese livestock and build a five-star hotel in Sudan's capital.
    (AP, 9/29/02)
2002        Sep 29, Rafael Santos Torroella (88), an art historian and one of the world's leading experts on Salvador Dali, died in Barcelona.
    (AP, 10/1/02)
2002        Sep 29, Hans Peter Tschudi (88), twice Swiss president (1965, 1970) and interior minister for 14 years, died.
    (AP, 9/30/02)

2002        Sep 30, Sen. Robert Torricelli, D-N.J., withdrew from his race for re-election over allegations of accepting expensive gifts. NJ law barred parties from replacing candidates less than 51 days before elections. Gov. James E. McGreevey announced on Oct 1 that former Sen. Frank Lautenberg (78) would replace Torricelli. The state Supreme Court ok'd the replacement Oct 2.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A7)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 30, The DJIA fell 109 to 7591.90. The Nasdaq fell 27.1 to 1,172.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.B1)
2002        Sep 30, The National Intelligence Council said China, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria and Russia will have 50-75 million HIV-infected people by 2010, more than any other 5 countries.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 30, It was reported that asparagine, a naturally occurring amino acid, formed acrylamide, a suspected carcinogen, when heated with certain sugars. This reaction was believed to occur in the making of fried foods such as potato chips and french fries.
    (SFC, 9/30/02, p.A3)

2002        Sep, In Austria the Ars Electronica Center in Linz held its annual 6-day festival with prizes, installations, lectures, seminars and concerts featuring the latest in digital and electronic media.
    (WSJ, 9/25/02, p.D8)
2002        Sep, Hungary’s governing coalition swept elections, winning the mayoral races in 17 of 23 big cities, including Budapest, and a majority in 15 of 19 county assemblies.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2002        Sep, In Ivory Coast a nine-month civil war began. It pitted northern rebels, led by Guillaume Soro, against President Laurent Gbagbo and fueled anti-foreigner hatred in the south. Fighting killed more than 3,000 people, uprooted more than 1 million others and split the country into the rebel-held north and loyalist south.
    (AP, 4/14/04)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.43)

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