Timeline 2001 September-December

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2001        Oct 1, New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, in an impassioned speech to the United Nations, said there was no room for "neutrality" in the global fight against terrorism and no need for more studies or vague directives.
    (AP, 10/1/02)
2001        Oct 1, The Supreme Court suspended former President Clinton from practicing before the high court.
    (AP, 10/1/02)
2001        Oct 1, The US reported that some $6 million and 50 bank accounts were blocked as suspected terrorist assets.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 1-2001 Oct 2, The US gave Nato "clear and compelling" evidence that Osama bin Laden orchestrated the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D7)
2001        Oct 1, Zayd Hassan Abd al-Latif Masud Al Safarini, jailed in Pakistan for 15 years, arrived in Alaska and was expected to face a 1991 indictment for the 1986 hijacking of a Pan Am jet in which 22 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 1, In Minnesota some 28,000 state workers went on strike over wage disputes.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 1, Conde Nast said it would its Mademoiselle (b.1935) fashion magazine would be published for the last time in November.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.C1)
2001        Oct 1, Calvin C. Hernton, black scholar, critic and poet, died at age 69. His books included "Sex and Racism in America," "White Papers for White Americans," and "The Sexual Mountain and Black Women Writers."
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.E4)
2001        Oct 1, The opposition Northern Alliance of Afghanistan met in Rome with ex-king Zahir Shah and agreed to form a broad-based government open to cooperation with the West.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 1, Elections in Bangladesh for 299 seats in parliament were held pitting Sheikh Hasina’s allies against those of longtime foe Khaleda Zia. Zia’s coalition appeared to be headed for a landslide win. Over 150 people were killed in the weeks prior to the elections. A coalition led by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) came to power.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.C12)(WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A1)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.54)
2001        Oct 1, Indonesia’s Supreme Court threw out its corruption conviction of Hutomo Mandala Putra, i.e. “Tommy Suharto.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 1, In Srinagar, capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a Pakistani-based suicide squad struck at the Legislative Assembly and 38 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A17)(AP, 10/1/06)
2001        Oct 1, In the Philippines the trial of former Pres. Estrada had a brief start and was postponed to Oct 17. Estrada showed up against his will, without his legal team and clad in slippers.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 1, Russia claimed to have killed Abu Yakub, a top aide to an Arab commander allied with rebels in Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 1, In Spain suspected Basque militants exploded a car bomb in Vitoria that caused much damage to the city center.
    (WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 2, NATO Secretary-General Lord Robertson said the United States had provided "clear and conclusive" evidence of Osama bin Laden's involvement in the attacks on New York and Washington.
    (AP, 10/2/02)
2001        Oct 2, Acting Massachusetts Gov. Jane Swift unveiled security measures that included a new security chief at Logan International Airport, where hijackers boarded the two planes that smashed into the World Trade Center.
    (AP, 10/2/02)
2001        Oct 2, The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates for a 9th time and reduced the federal funds rate to 2.5%, its lowest level since 1962. The DJIA rose 113 to 8,950. The Nasdaq rose 11 to 1,492.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A1,D2)
2001        Oct 2, A US Treasury Dept official reported that over $100 million of suspected terrorist assets had been frozen in domestic and foreign banks since the Sep 11 attacks.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 2, India demanded that Pakistan shut down the Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of the Prophet Mohammad) militant group responsible for the Oct 1 attack in Srinagar that killed 40 people. India also asked the US to outlaw the group and to freeze its assets.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 2, Palestinian gunmen attacked an Israeli settlement in Gaza and killed a teenage couple. At least 15 others were wounded. 2 gunmen were killed by Israeli sharpshooters.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 2, In Russia Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov signed a weapons framework agreement with Iranian Defense Minister Ali Shamkhani for as much as $300 million.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 2, Farouk al-Sharaa, Syrian foreign minister, said Syria is determined to help the int’l. effort to combat terrorism. He added that to achieve that goal, terrorism’s roots and causes would have to be addressed.
    (WSJ, 10/3/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 2, Cash-strapped Swissair shut down flight operations and stranded thousands of passengers around the globe.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.D3)

2001        Oct 3, Pres. Bush endorsed a $60-75 billion stimulus package to pull the US out of recession.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 3, The Senate approved an agreement normalizing trade between the United States and Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2001        Oct 3, Apple introduced the iPod, a breakthrough MP3 music player that packs up to 1,000 CD-quality songs into an ultra-portable, 6.5 ounce design that fits in your pocket, at a cost of $399.
    (www.apple.com/pr/library/2001/oct/23ipod.html)(Econ, 10/4/08, p.14)
2001        Oct 3, Near Manchester, Tennessee, Damir Igric (29), a Croatian passenger on a Greyhound bus, slit the throat of the bus driver and caused a roll over that killed 7 people including Igric.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C16)(AP, 10/4/06)
2001        Oct 3, In NYC Nathan Powell killed and dismembered Jawed Wassel, an Afghan émigré and filmmaker. Powell claimed anger over the Sep 11 attacks and pleaded guilty in 2003.
    (SFC, 6/5/03, p.A3)
2001        Oct 3, In Chechnya rebels killed 9 federal troops in a number of clashes that included 4 dead from land mines. 4 militants were also killed.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C8)
2001        Oct 3, Israeli forces in Gaza cleared a half mile buffer zone and killed 6 Palestinians when tank shells ripped their cars.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 3, Pres. Putin said Russia is ready to reconsider its opposition to Nato expansion if the alliance assumes a broader political identity in which Moscow can be involved.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 3, In South Africa ANC leader Tony Yengeni was charged with corruption, forgery and perjury linked to the country’s $6 billion arms deal with Europe.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C4)

2001        Oct 4, The US pledged $320 m million in aid to Afghanistan refugees.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 4, Reagan National Airport re-opened.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A15)
2001        Oct 4, NYC officials estimated that the Sep 11 disaster would cost as much as $105 billion over the next 2 years. Depending on the number of jobs permanently shifted out of the city, the September 11th attacks could cost New York City as much as $83-95 billion dollars, though the financial loss could never compare to the horrendous loss of nearly 3,000 lives.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A15)(HNQ, 9/11/02)
2001        Oct 4, In Texas Barry Bonds hit his 70th home run to tie Mark McGwire's 1998 record in a 10-2 victory over Houston. Rickey Henderson homered to pass Ty Cobb and become baseball's career leader in runs scored with 2,246 during San Diego's 6-3 win over Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/4/02)
2001        Oct 4, In Texas Mark Stroman (b.1969), in the wake of 9/11, went on a shooting spree targeting people of Middle Eastern descent killing 2 people and wounding a third. The victims were from South Asia. Stroman was later convicted and sentenced to death. He was executed on July 20, 2011.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A9)(www.tdcj.state.tx.us/stat/stromanmark.htm)
2001        Oct 4, Algeria’s Pres. Bouteflika promised to recognize the Berber language, compensate victims of police brutality and prosecute police involved in brutality.
    (WSJ, 10/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 4, The British government released a 16-page document over the Internet that presented details on Osama bin Laden’s responsibility for the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 4, The EU made a joint announcement with Spain that the Basque ETA would be put on the list of terrorist organizations whose assets would be frozen by the EU.
    (WSJ, 10/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 4, In Israel PM Sharon warned the US that it risked appeasing the Arab nations: "Do not try to appease the Arabs at our expense." A Palestinian posing as an Israeli soldier killed 3 Israelis in Afula. A Palestinian was killed during a 2nd day of fighting in Hebron.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.D4)(WSJ, 10/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 4, Macedonian security forces, in opposition to external warnings, took control of 3 ethnic Albanian villages but met with resistance from others.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.D4)
2001        Oct 4, Pakistan announced that it sees sufficient grounds for an indictment against Osama bin Laden.
    (WSJ, 10/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 4, In the Philippines government forces captured 13 members of Abu Sayyaf and killed another in a southern clash.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.D6)
2001        Oct 4, A chartered Russian Tupelov-154 airplane crashed in to the Black Sea and 76 people were killed. The 64 passengers and 12 crew of the Siberian Airlines jet was bound to Novosibirsk from Tel Aviv. An accidental missile strike from Ukrainian military forces was suspected but denied by Ukraine officials. Pres. Putin said terrorists might have been responsible. Later evidence indicated that flight 1812 was hit by an S-200 missile. Ukraine and Russia acknowledged that an errant missile was the probable cause on Oct 12. In 2003 Ukraine agreed to pay $200,000 for each Israeli killed.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/6/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/21/03, p.A1)
2001        Oct 4, Swissair resumed flying following a 2-day shut down propped by a $281 million Swiss government loan. [see Jan 31, 2002]
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.B4)

2001        Oct 5, Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 71st and 72nd record home runs at Pacific Bell Park off of pitcher Chan Ho Park of the Los Angeles Dodgers. The Dodgers won 11-10. This broke the record of 70 held by Mark McGwire.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.F1)
2001        Oct 5, Moses Malone was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 10/5/02)
2001        Oct 5, Pres. Bush urged Congress to pass $60 million in tax cuts to revive the economy.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 5, The US received permission from Uzbekistan to set up a base of operations against Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 5, The US Labor Dept. reported that 199,000 jobs were lost in September.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.B1)
2001        Oct 5, In Alaska Daniel Carson Lewis (37) was arrested for shooting a hole into the oil pipeline, which cause the leakage of up to 280,000 of gallons. Some 285,600 gallons spewed out for 3 days until the leak was plugged Oct 6. The cleanup cost was $7 million.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A11)(SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 5, Georgia’s Supreme Court ruled that electrocution is an unconstitutionally cruel and unusual punishment. 441 Georgia inmates had died in the electric chair since 1924.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 5, Mike Mansfield (98), former Montana Senator and ambassador to Japan, died in Washington, D.C.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.E1)(AP, 10/5/02)
2001        Oct 5, George P. Brockway, former president of W.W. Norton publishing house, died at age 85. He created the Norton Anthology series in the 1950s.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.E2)
2001        Oct 5, Bob Stevens (63), photo editor for the Sun tabloid, died of anthrax. Anthrax spores were later found on his computer keyboard in Lantana. This was the 1st of a series of cases in Florida, New York, New Jersey and Washington. In 2011 his widow settled a $2.5 million lawsuit against the US government.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_2001_anthrax_attacks)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D7)(AP, 10/5/02)(SFC, 10/31/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/30/11, p.A13)
2001        Oct 5, In Israel PM Sharon ordered the largest military assault in a year and 5 Palestinians were killed in Hebron.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A11)

2001        Oct 6, Cal Ripken played his last game in the major leagues as his Baltimore Orioles lost to the visiting Boston Red Sox 5-1.
    (AP, 10/6/02)
2001        Oct 6, Pres. Bush warned Afghanistan’s rulers that time is running out. The Taliban said it would release 8 aid workers if the US "stops issuing threats" of military action.
    (SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 6, US and British intelligence identified Mohammed Atef, a former Egyptian policeman and close aide to Osama bin Laden, as the key planner of the of the Sep 11 attacks.
    (SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 6, Joseph Allen Stein (b.1912), architect, died in North Carolina. Much of his work was done in India where he designed the India International Center in Delhi.
    (www.virginia.edu/soasia/newsletter/Fall01/stein.html)(SFC, 4/7/07, p.F6)
2001        Oct 6, In Afghanistan the Northern Alliance was building an airport outside Golbahar to allow a US-led coalition to funnel in military supplies.
    (SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 6, In Saudi Arabia a bomb exploded in Khobar. 2 people were killed and 4 were injured.
    (SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A17)

2001        Oct 7, In SF Barry Bonds hit his 73rd home run in the final game of the season. Two men, Alex Popov and Patrick Hayashi, fought over the ball and went to court. In 2002 a judge ruled that the ball be sold and the cash split. In 2003 the ball was auctioned off for $450,000.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.B1)(SFC, 12/19/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/26/03, p.A1)cy
2001        Oct 7, US and British forces struck 31 targets in Afghanistan. 40 warplanes, 50 Tomahawk cruise missiles, B-2 Stealth bombers, B-1 lancers, B-52s, F-14 Tomcats and F/A-18 Hornet fighter jets were used against air defenses, communication nodes and other large fixed target sites. Airdrops of food were also made. The Taliban later claimed that 8-20 civilians were killed in the attacks.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 7, A scheduled peace demonstration in NYC drew some 10,000 people. Anti-war demonstrations in SF and Chicago drew some 1,000 each.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 7, The annual Emmy Awards ceremony was called off.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.G1)
2001        Oct 7, Herbert L. Block (b.1909), Washington Post cartoonist, died at age 91. He authored "Herblock: A Cartoonist’s Life" in 1993.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A20)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)
2001        Oct 7, The Al-Jazeera TV network from Qatar showed video footage of Osama bin Laden praising Allah for the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.G1)
2001        Oct 7, In Afghanistan the Northern Alliance moved its front line artillery and infantry units against the Taliban.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 7, Hurricane Iris caused a mudslide in the Dominican Republic that killed 3 people.
    (WSJ, 10/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 7, In Pakistan Muslim clerics called for a holy war to counter the attacks in Afghanistan. Fazlur Rehman, a top fundamentalist politician, was arrested. Most of the Arab world appeared relatively calm.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A6)
2001        Oct 7, A Palestinian suicide bomber, Ahmed Daraghmeh (17), killed himself and 1 Israeli near the settlement of Kibbutz Shluhot.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.F1)

2001        Oct 8, Tom Ridge was sworn in to head the new US Office of Homeland Security.
    (WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 8, US forces hit Afghanistan with a 2nd wave of attacks. 40 Taliban commanders along with 1,200 men switched sides and handed over control of a provincial road north of Kabul. 4 UN civilian workers were later confirmed as casualties of the bombing; Abdul Saboor, Safiullah, Najibullah and Nasir Ahmad worked for a mine clearing agency. The Taliban ambassador to Pakistan reported 200 civilian casualties.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 8, NYC celebrated its 57th annual Columbus Day Parade.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 8, Leland Hartwell of the Seattle Hutchinson Cancer Research Center won the Nobel Prize in Medicine along with Paul Nurse and Timothy Hunt of London’s Imperial Cancer Research Fund for their work in the mechanics of cell division.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B3)
2001        Oct 8, A 2nd case of anthrax was reported in Ernesto Blanco (73), a co-worker of the man who died Oct 5 in Florida.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 8, Radio commentator Rush Limbaugh told listeners he was virtually deaf. Limbaugh later had an electronic device implanted in his skull that restored much of his hearing.
    (AP, 10/8/02)
2001        Oct 8, In Bogota, Colombia, Luis Alfredo Colmenares, a Representative from Arauca, was assassinated by gunmen on a motorcycle.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B4)
2001        Oct 8, In the Abkhazia region of Georgia a UN helicopter was shot down and 9 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B4)
2001        Oct 8, In Belize 17 Virginians were killed when a dive boat capsized during a hurricane.
    (AP, 10/8/02)
2001        Oct 8, In Milan, Italy, a Scandinavian Airlines SAS jet, Flight 686 to Copenhagen, crashed into a small Cessna on takeoff and 114 people were killed in both planes with 4 killed on the ground. The Cessna had moved onto the wrong runway as the SAS jet took off under foggy conditions.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B1)(WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 8, In Pakistan violent protests hit the main cities. At least one protester was killed in Quetta.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 8, A Palestinian rally turned violent as police forces attempted to quell some 2,000 students supportive of Osama bin Laden. 2 students were killed.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 8, Most of the Russian atomic-powered Kursk submarine was raised from the Barents Sea in a $65 million salvage operation by the Dutch Mammoet-Smit Int’l. consortium.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.D3)
2001        Oct 8, Syria won a seat on the UN Security Council and was opposed only by Israel.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B1)

2001        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Eric Cornell, Carl Wiemann and Wolfgang Ketterlie of the US for their discovery of the Bose-Einstein condensate, a new state of matter. The condensate, which they created in 1995, had been predicted by Einstein in 1924.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A17)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.A3)
2001        Oct 9, The US declared air supremacy over Afghanistan. In the first daylight raids since the start of U.S.-led attacks on Afghanistan, jets bombed the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, Pres. Bush appointed Richard Clarke as special adviser for cyberspace security.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 9, Letters postmarked in Trenton, N.J., were sent to Sens. Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy; the letters later tested positive for anthrax.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, The 2 anthrax cases in Florida were reported to probably have been caused by an intentional release of the deadly bacteria.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 9, Herbert Ross (74), director and choreographer, died in New York.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, Dagmar (Virginia Ruth Egnor), who parlayed her dumb blonde act into television fame in the early 1950s, died at age 79 in West Virginia.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, Abkhazia accused Chechen and Georgian fighters of killing 14 villagers and mounting a helicopter raid.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 9, Hurricane Iris hit Belize with 140 mph winds. 17 members of a Virginia diving club and 2 local sailors were confirmed dead with 3 missing. Winds nearing 200 mph left 20 people dead.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A17)(SFC, 10/11/01, p.A21)
2001        Oct 9, Roberto Campos (b.1917), Brazilian politician and diplomat, died. His autobiography was titled “A lanterna na popa" (2001). It revised his personal biography as well as the recent economic history of Brazil.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_de_Oliveira_Campos)
2001        Oct 9, Macedonia decreed amnesty for rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 9, Qatar’s Al-Jazeera broadcast a taped video of Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, an al Qaeda spokesman, who called on Muslims to attack US interests worldwide.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 9, Pakistan cracked down on continuing violent anti-US protests and 5 people were killed. Some radical clerics were arrested.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 9, A Pakistani serial killer, Javed Iqbal, committed suicide rather than face his sentence. He was to be chopped up and dissolved in acid for having abused and killed over 100 children.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to K. Barry Sharpless of Scripps Research, William S. Knowles of St. Louis and Ryoji Noyori of Nagoya Univ. for their work in developing catalysts to produce compounds of specific handedness.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A21)(WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to George Akerlof of UC Berkeley, Michael Spence of Stanford, and Joseph Stiglitz of Columbia Univ. Akerlof won in part for his classic paper explaining how, if sellers know more than buyers, markets may fail.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.D1)(Econ, 3/28/09, p.88)
2001        Oct 10, U.S. jets pounded the Afghan capital of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
2001        Oct 10, An unmanned US spy plane was lost over southern Iraq, the 3rd since Aug 27.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, President Bush unveiled a list of 22 most-wanted terrorists, including Osama bin Laden and associates. The FBI issued a list of 22 most wanted terrorists dating back to 1985 with rewards up to $5 million for tips that prevent attacks or lead to arrests.
    (AP, 10/10/02)(SFC, 10/11/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 10. Rep. Nancy Pelosi of California was elected House Democratic Whip, the No. 2 House Democratic leader and the highest post ever held by a woman in Congress.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/10/02)
2001        Oct 10, In Florida a 3rd case of anthrax was identified in a 35-year-old woman who worked in the same office as Robert Stevens. The strain was reported to match one from Iowa in the 1950s commonly used by lab researchers.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A4,5)
2001        Oct 10, Tornadoes hit the US plains and caused heavy damage in Oklahoma and Nebraska.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.C16)
2001        Oct 10, In Alaska a small plane crashed following takeoff from Dillingham. 10 people were killed in the Cessna 208 Caravan.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A21)
2001        Oct 10, US warplanes struck an ammunition dump at the edge of Kandahar and secondary explosions left some civilian casualties.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 10, In China a state court sentenced over a dozen key officials in Shenyang for corruption.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 10, In Colombia AUC paramilitary massacred 24 men in the village of Buga. The bodies of 6 fishermen were recovered near Cartagena, where they had been kidnapped earlier in the week. A cab driver, who drove outside news correspondents, was also slain.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.D2)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, The EU and leaders of several African nations agreed on a "Marshall Plan for Africa" to combat poverty and disease and allow access to markets in the industrialized world.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 10, The 56-member Organization of Islamic Conference, called by Iran, issued a communique that sidestepped US action in Afghanistan: "The conference rejected the targeting of any Islamic or Arab state under the pretext of fighting terrorism."
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A7)
2001        Oct 10, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga dissolved parliament and set elections for Dec 5 after defections left her coalition in the minority.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, Turkey granted the government the authority to send troops overseas and to allow foreign troops to be stationed on its soil.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A7)

2001        Oct 11, Vidiadhar S, Naipaul (b.1932), Trinidad-born English novelist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. His books included: "A House for Mr. Biswas," "Guerrillas" (1975), "Among the Believers" (1981), and "The Enigma of Arrival" (1987).
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.C1)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A1,W17)
2001        Oct 11, In his first prime-time news conference since taking office, President George W. Bush offered the Taliban a chance to stop America's punishing assaults on Afghanistan by turning over suspected terror mastermind Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 10/11/02)
2001        Oct 11, The FBI warned that new acts of terrorism could target Americans over the next few days.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 11, The Bush administration asked newspapers not to publish full transcripts of messages from Osama bin Laden due to the possibility of coded messages.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 11, In NYC Mayor Giuliani rejected a $10 million donation from Saudi Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal due to an attached press release that said the US should re-examine its policies in the Middle East and adopt a more balanced stance toward the Palestinian cause.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 11, The Pentagon confirmed the 1st US death in Operation Freedom. Air Force Sgt. Evander Earl Andrews was killed in a fork lift accident in Qatar.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A16)(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 11, Tom Wales (49), a Seattle federal prosecutor, was gunned down in his home office.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 11, Abdul Salam Zaeem, Afghan ambassador to Pakistan, said US bombing in Afghanistan killed some 100 noncombatants in the Torghar region near Jalalabad. The total civilian casualties since Oct 7 was estimated at 170.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 11, In Afghanistan that Northern Alliance claimed to have taken the central province of Gur and the provincial capital Chaghcharan. American bombing reportedly killed as many as 200 civilians in Karam and Jalalabad.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A13)(SFC, 10/13/01, p.A1,9)
2001        Oct 11, In Colombia AUC paramilitary shot and killed 5 men in the town of Samaniego.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.C1)
2001        Oct 11, The French highest appellate court ruled that Pres. Chirac is immune from criminal prosecution for corruption charges for his years as mayor of Paris, but only while still in office.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D7)
2001        Oct 11, In Kuwait Luc Ethier, a Canadian employed at the Ahmad al-Jaber airbase, was shot and killed in Fahaheel. Ethier’s wife was also shot.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A15)
2001        Oct 11, In Macedonia police found a cache of arms in an area held by ethnic Albanian rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 11, A Palestinian militant blew himself up while trying to plant a bomb along a West Bank road used by Israelis.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.D3)

2001        Oct 12, Kofi Annan, Sec. Gen. of the UN, and the UN itself won the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 12, US Attorney General John Ashcroft urged federal agencies to resist most Freedom of Information Act requests made by American citizens. The act was passed in 1974 during the Watergate scandal.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.D4)
2001        Oct 12, NBC announced that an assistant to anchorman Tom Brokaw had contracted the skin form of anthrax after opening a "threatening" letter to her boss that contained a suspicious powder.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/02)
2001        Oct 12, Polaroid Corp. filed for bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2001        Oct 12, Taliban leaders withdrew over $6 million from the Kabul Da Afghanistan Bank.
    (SFC, 1/8/02, p.A11)
2001        Oct 12, The British government officially announced that 3 Protestant paramilitary forces in Northern Ireland had ended a 7-year cease fire.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.C1)
2001        Oct 12, China put limits on air travel to citizens of 19 countries, mainly in the Middle East.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 12, In Colombia AUC paramilitary shot and killed 5 men and 2 women in the town of Piamonte. The army reported that it had discovered14 bodies in a single grave in the town of Albania.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.C1)
2001        Oct 12, In Iran anti-American protests surged on the Afghan border in Zahedan, the provincial capital of Sistan-Baluchistan.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 12, Iran defeated Iraq 1-0 in a soccer match. Demonstrations erupted after the game against the Shiite theocracy and continued following successive soccer matches. At least 2 thousand young people were arrested over the next 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A22)
2001        Oct 12, Israeli and Palestinian officials resumed peace talks. Thousands of Palestinians held marches in the West Bank cities of Ramallah and Nablus.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 12, In Nigeria the mutilated bodies of 19 abducted soldiers were found in Benue state.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C16)
2001        Oct 12, In Pakistan anti-American violence erupted in Karachi.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 12, In Spain a bombing caused wide damage in Madrid. Basque separatists were suspected.
    (WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 12, The US indicated it would aid Uzbekistan if it were attacked. Uzbekistan was the first among Central Asian nations to allow the US to use its airspace and deploy troops on its territory for the anti-terrorism war in Afghanistan after the Sept. 11 attacks. The United States set up a military base in southern Uzbekistan, deploying hundreds of troops there.
    (WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A16)(AP, 3/30/04)
2001        Oct 12, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe imposed a price freeze on basic foods following cuts of 5-20% on basic items.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B6)

2001        Oct 13, Anthrax was confirmed in 3 US states. In Florida 5 more employees tested positive; in Nevada a letter sent to a Microsoft office tested positive; and in NYC a letter sent to NBC News tested positive.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 13, The US confirmed that an errant 2,000-pound bomb hit residential buildings in Kabul and that 4 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 13, In Nebraska a school bus carrying a high school band in Douglas County overturned and 3 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 13, In London an estimated 20,000 people marched against the military strikes in Afghanistan. Other demonstrations took place in Europe.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 13, Ukraine's defense minister and air defense chief offered to resign, conceding that the military was involved in the explosion of a Russian airliner over the Black Sea Oct. 4 that killed 78 people.
    (AP, 10/12/02)

2001        Oct 14, President George W. Bush sternly rejected a Taliban offer to discuss handing over Osama bin Laden to a third country, saying, "They must have not heard. There's no negotiations."
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/14/02)
2001        Oct 14, US warplanes hit Afghanistan targets around Kabul and knocked out the overseas telephone exchange. Bombs also hit the cities of Mazar-e-Sharif, Kandahar, Jalalabad and Herat. Abu Baseer al-Masri, al Qaeda fighter and Egyptian militant, was killed near Jalalabad.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A8)(SFC, 10/19/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 14, Unions in Minnesota reached a deal with the state to end a walkout by some 23,000 government workers.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.E3)
2001        Oct 14, In Argentina Elections for Congress were held. Rev. Luis Farinello led the Social Pole Party with an anti-globalization message. The midterm elections handed a decisive defeat to Pres. Fernando de la Rua’s coalition. The Peronist Party led nationwide results.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.D4)(SFC, 10/15/01, p.E3)
2001        Oct 14, An Israeli sniper shot and killed Abed Rahman Hamad, a Hamas leader, hours before the government announced that it would withdraw troops from Hebron and ease Palestinian travel restrictions.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.E2)
2001        Oct 14, In Nigeria weekend anti-American protests left 13-200 people dead in Kano.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A5)(WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 14, In Pakistan thousands of Muslims clashed with police in Jacobabad and at least 1 protester was killed.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A3)

2001        Oct 15, US warplanes carried out their heaviest bombings in 9 days over Afghanistan. The Pentagon called in the slow moving AC-130 Spectre gunships to targets around Kandahar.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 15, Anthrax in a letter to a Reno Microsoft office was reported to be from Malaysia. 2 anthrax-tainted letters were reported to have been mailed from Trenton, New Jersey and 2 postal employees there showed symptoms. Anthrax spores were in a letter deliver to a Senate office. Officials announced that a letter sent to Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle had tested positive for anthrax, and that the infant son of an ABC News producer in New York had developed skin anthrax.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/19/01, p.A16)(AP, 10/15/02)
2001        Oct 15, In Texas the last 2 of 5 escaped convicts were captured after one shot another and freed a farm couple that was held hostage.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B6)
2001        Oct 15, Bethlehem Steel filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.D1)
2001        Oct 15, Britain’s PM Tony Blair said his country favors "a viable Palestinian state, as part of a negotiated and agreed settlement" during a news conference with visiting Yasser Arafat.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 15, China executed 2 Muslim separatists in Yili, Xinjiang province.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 15, It was reported that Croatian officials had suspended the use of Baxter Int’l. filters for kidney dialysis machines after 23 patients died in a week. A similar incident in Spain killed 10 people but tests seemed to rule out the filters.
    (WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 15, India shelled Pakistani posts along their line in Jammu Kashmir for aiding Islamic militants. One woman was killed and 25 civilians wounded.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B1)
2001        Oct 15, In Indonesia riot police fought protesters outside the Parliament in what had become daily battles over US bombing in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 15, In Israel a hardline nationalist party withdrew from PM Sharon’s coalition government.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 15, Japan’s PM Koizumi visited South Korea and expressed his remorse at Sodaemun Independence Park for suffering inflicted by Japan’s colonial rule.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B6)
2001        Oct 15, It was reported that Sheik Hamoud bin Uqlaa al-Shuaibi (80), a militant Wahhabi in Buraydah, Saudi Arabia, called on Muslims to wage jihad on supporters of the US military action in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A12)
2001        Oct 15, Russian troops claimed to have killed 20 Chechen rebels with a loss of 5 of their own men.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 15, In South Africa Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the former wife of Nelson Mandela, was indicted for fraudulent loans of more than $100,000.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B6)
2001        Oct 15, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe announced the abandonment of market-based economics and a return to a socialist-style economy.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B6)

2001        Oct 16, A wing of the US Senate building was closed following confirmation that a letter to Sen. Tom Daschle, D-S.D., carried anthrax. It was later found that the anthrax contained the additive bentonite to enhance suspension in air. 12 Senate offices were closed as hundreds of staffers underwent anthrax tests.
    (SFC, 10/17/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/25/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/16/02)
2001        Oct 16, Over 100 aircraft struck targets in Afghanistan and 2 gunships fired on Taliban and al Qaeda troops. U.S. bombs struck the Red Cross compound in Afghanistan, injuring a guard.
    (WSJ, 10/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/16/02)
2001        Oct 16, It was reported that the US strategy in the bombing of Afghanistan was failing because it contradicted a Pashtun code of honor known as Pashtunwali. Central to the code is nang, where death is taught to be preferable to a life without honor. A 2nd tenet called badal, revenge, taught that only way to redeem honor is to avenge it. A 3rd tenet called melmastiya, hospitality, was exploited by Osama bin Laden as a guest in the country.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 16, US Customs at JFK found $140,763 in the luggage of Basam Nahshal who was bound for Yemen. A 2nd man Ali Alfatimi claimed the money was his and was being smuggled to Yemen as part of his travel business.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 16, Robert Durst failed to appear for a court hearing in the dismemberment death of Morris Black (71) in Galveston, Texas. Durst was also a suspect in the Dec, 2000, shooting death of author Susan Berman. In 1982 Kathleen Durst (29) had disappeared after spending a weekend at the family cottage in South Salem. Robert Durst, her husband, reported her missing Feb 5. Durst was arrested Nov 30, 2001, in Bethlehem, Pa., for shoplifting. A Texas jury acquitted Durst of Black's murder in 2003.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A15)(SFC, 12/1/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2001        Oct 16, Enron Corp. reported a 3rd quarter loss of $618 million and reduced shareholder equity by $1.2 billion to account for transactions involving limited partnerships.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)
2001        Oct 16, Etta Jones (72), jazz vocalist, died in Manhattan.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A21)
2001        Oct 16, In Israel PM Sharon said he would accept the creation of a Palestinian state if Israeli security needs were met.
    (WSJ, 10/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 16, It was reported that flooding in North Korea had killed at least 81 people and damaged vast amounts of cropland over the last week. This portended an 8th year of food shortages.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 17, Peter Carey won his 2nd Booker Prize for his novel "True History of the Kelly Gang," a fictional account of the 19th century Australian outlaw.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.B3)
2001        Oct 17, Pres. Bush departed on a diplomatic mission to China following a stop in Sacramento, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/17/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 17, Federal officials reported that the anthrax strains in New York and Florida appeared to be identical. The House and 6 congressional office buildings were closed for tests after over 30 Senate staff members tested positive for exposure to spores.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 17, Researchers at Lucent’s Bell Labs reported the development of a tiny new transistor made of a simple cluster of organic molecules.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.D2)(WSJ, 10/18/01, p.B8)
2001        Oct 17, Jay Livingston (86), film and TV composer, died in LA. He worked with lyricist Ray Evans and together won 3 Academy Awards for best song, which included "Que Sera Sera" in 1956.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.D5)
2001        Oct 17, In Afghanistan Taliban forces seized UN food warehouses in Kabul and Kandahar. Some 100 US land and sea-base planes hit targets that included Kandahar and Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 17, Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli tourist minister, was shot dead at the Hyatt Regency in East Jerusalem. The PFLP claimed responsibility and Yasser Arafat promised to hunt down the perpetrators. Hambi Quran, Basel al-Asmar, Ahmed Gholmy and Majdi Rimawi were later convicted for the murder. Ahmed Saadat, head of the radical Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, was imprisoned in Jericho. In 2007 Hamdi Quran was sentenced to 100 years in prison for gunning down the minister as well as bombing and shooting attacks against Israelis. In 2008 Bassel Asmar was sentenced to life imprisonment for murder, attempted murder and belonging to a terror organization.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A16)(AP, 3/7/06)(AP, 2/6/08)
2001        Oct 17, In the Philippines gunmen abducted an Italian priest, Giuseppe Pierantoni (45), in Dimataling, Zamboanga del Sur. He was freed Apr 8, 2002.
    (WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A7)
2001        Oct 17, Russia announced military cuts that would eliminate a navy base in Vietnam and a radar station in Cuba.
    (WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 18, Pres. Bush arrived in China for the annual Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting in Shanghai. The agenda was economic development and trade liberalization.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 18, CBS News announced that an employee in Dan Rather's office had tested positive for skin anthrax.
    (AP, 10/18/02)
2001        Oct 18, Two new cases of anthrax were reported in New Jersey.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 18, The FBI and Postal Service announced a $1 million reward for information leading to the arrest of anthrax mailings.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 18, Four disciples of Osama bin Laden, convicted in the 1998 bombing of US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, were sentenced to life in prison and ordered to pay $33 million in restitution to victims.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A7)(AP, 10/18/02)
2001        Oct 18, In Afghanistan the city of Kandahar was reported to have collapsed to "pre-Taliban lawlessness." The first US Special Forces were reported to have begun operating on the ground in southern Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 18, Atef Abeiyat, a militia commander in Arafat’s Fatah, was killed with 2 others when their car exploded near Bethlehem. 3 other Palestinians were killed by Israeli fire including an 11-year-old school girl.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A1,18)
2001        Oct 18, Germany issued an int’l. arrest warrant for Zakariya Essabar (24) for links to the bombing of the WTC.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 18, Japan’s House of Representatives approved an anti-terrorism bill that defines a narrow role for its military to support US attacks in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 18, In Northern Ireland Protestant politicians announced that they were pulling out of the power-sharing agreement with Catholics to protest the failure of the IRA to surrender its weapons.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.D4)
2001        Oct 18, In the Philippines Pres. Arroyo lifted a moratorium on executions and said she would use the penalty on kidnappers.
    (WSJ, 10/19/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 19, Pres. Bush met with China’s Pres. Zemin on the eve of the Asia Pacific  Economic Cooperation meeting.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, US special forces attacked a Taliban stronghold in Kandahar in the 1st known ground action involving US troops.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, Two US military personnel were killed in a helicopter accident in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, The FBI identified the Trenton, NJ, mailbox from which the anthrax letters were sent to NYC and Washington. Two more people were reported to be infected bringing the total to 8.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, In Philadelphia luggage, from a baggage locker that was deposited Sep 29, was found to contain C-4 plastic explosives.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 19, Enron Corp. froze the assets in its 401 (k) employee retirement plan and barred employees from selling company stock trading at $32.20. Employee stock was unfrozen Nov 19 with shares at $11.69.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)
2001        Oct 19, In Afghanistan some 3,500 refugees arrived near the Pakistani border town of Chaman, the largest number to date. The number had averaged about 2,000.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A6)
2001        Oct 19, EU leaders pledged their continued support for the US-led campaign in Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 19, A refugee ship, enroute from Indonesia to Australia, carrying some 353 emigrants from Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Palestine and Algeria, sank off the island of Java. 44 people survived.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.C1)(AP, 2/3/06)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.49)
2001        Oct 19, Israeli troops and tanks invaded Bethlehem and left 6 Palestinians dead. A Palestinian fighter was killed in Ramallah.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 19, Digna Ochoa (38), a prominent human rights lawyer, was found shot to death in Mexico City. She was shot once in the left leg and again in the head. In 2003 a prosecutor said her death was a probable suicide.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A22)(AP, 7/19/03)

2001        Oct 20, During a visit to Shanghai, China, Pres. Bush challenged Asian leaders to help "save the civilized world" by joining his war against terrorism.
    (AP, 10/20/02)
2001        Oct 20, US commandos struck 2 targets in Afghanistan that included an airfield and a command complex near Kandahar. Two 500-pound bombs hit a residential center area northwest of Kabul.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.A12)
2001        Oct 20, It was reported that Nat’l. Sec. Advisor, Condoleeza Rice, and Sec. of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, had made appearances in the past week on the Al Jazeera network to repeat that the war on terrorism is not a war on Islam.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 20, It was reported that the US was using a 40-year-old EC C-130 plane called "Commando Solo" to broadcast messages and music over Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 20, Traces of anthrax were found in a US House of Representatives mail room. This became the 3rd Capital Hill building infected.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A3)(AP, 10/20/02)
2001        Oct 20, It was reported that record flooding around Buenos Aires, Argentina, had damaged some 8.6 million acres of prime farmland. The area was declared a national disaster and losses were estimated at $300 million.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 20, Israeli tanks and troops seized control of Kalkilya and Tulkarm and moved into the heart of Bethlehem. At least 8 Palestinians were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A19)
2001        Oct 20, Pakistan confirmed that it was holding talks with a senior Taliban commander, Mullah Jalaluddin Haqqani, on the makeup of a future Afghan government.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A18)
2001        Oct 20, In Yemen some 30,000 people gathered in Amran to protest US airstrikes in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A16)

2001        Oct 21, The Arizona Diamondbacks won the National League championship, defeating the Atlanta Braves 3-2 in game five.
    (AP, 10/21/02)
2001        Oct 21, US warplanes hit Taliban frontline troops north of Kabul in the fiercest hits to date. A 1000-pound bomb hit near a senior citizens home in Herat. US air strikes at Thorai killed 21 civilians.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.A12)(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A14)
2001        Oct 21, Thomas L. Morris Jr. (55), a DC postal worker diagnosed with the deadly inhalation form of anthrax, died. Officials began testing thousands of postal employees.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/24/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/22/06)
2001        Oct 21, A moratorium against state collection of Internet taxes expired.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 21, A Taliban official reported that 5 of their men had been executed as spies.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 21, In Berlin, Germany, the Social Democrats held on to power in municipal elections, but would have to form a coalition to govern.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B1)
2001        Oct 21, Israeli forces continued to occupy West Bank territory and 3 Palestinians were killed including Johnny Thaljieh, a 16-year-old Christian.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B1)
2001        Oct 21, In Kazakstan a 3-person Russian-French crew blasted off for the Int’l. Space Station in a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. The crew included Claudie Haignere, who in 1996 became the 1st Frenchwoman in space.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B2)
2001        Oct 21, In Macedonia Pres. Boris Trajkovski approved a plan to deploy ethnically mixed police units in areas that had been seized by ethnic Albanian revels.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B2)
2001        Oct 21, In Northern Ireland Catholic and Protestant groups pelted each other with homemade grenades in the Limestone Road area of north Belfast.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B2)
2001        Oct 21, Pacific Rim leaders ended a 2-day economic summit and condemned the Sep 11 attacks against the US and denounced terrorism in all its forms.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.A3)

2001        Oct 22, The New York Yankees routed Seattle 12-3 in game five to win the American League pennant for the 38th time.
    (AP, 10/22/02)
2001        Oct 22, On Capitol Hill, the House and Senate reopened while their office buildings remained closed.
    (AP, 10/22/02)
2001        Oct 22, The Pentagon flew restricted attacks over Afghanistan using mostly carrier-based aircraft. Def. Sec. Donald Rumsfeld denied that US and British planes bombed a hospital in Herat where the Taliban claimed 100 people were killed. One Pentagon official did say that a US missile had gone astray near Herat and might have struck a non-military target.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.A1,4)
2001        Oct 22, US AC-130 gunships descended on a farm at Chowkar-Karez outside Kandahar and killed 19 civilians.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A12)
2001        Oct 22, A second Washington DC postal worker, Joseph P. Curseen (47), died of inhalation anthrax.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/24/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/22/02)
2001        Oct 22, It was reported that 4 key terrorist suspects held in NYC had refused to reveal any information and law enforcement officials were talking of sidestepping civil liberties.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 22, Anderson Accounting learned that the SEC was inquiring into the accounting records of Enron Corp. Enron disclosed that that the SEC had opened an inquiry into its limited partnerships.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A12)(SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)
2001        Oct 22, Indonesia enacted a bill that granted Irian Jaya sweeping autonomy. It included a name change to Papua, 80% royalties from logging and fishing and 70% royalties from mining, oil and gas.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.C3)(SFC, 11/27/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 22, Israeli forces held on to Palestinian territory despite US demands for withdrawal. 3 Palestinians were killed as fighting spilled into Lebanon.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 22, Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams urged the Irish Republican Army to begin disarming to save Northern Ireland's peace process.
    (AP, 10/22/02)
2001        Oct 22-24, In eastern Nigeria soldiers killed up to 200 civilians and caused thousands of villagers to flee into the bush. The killings were apparently in revenge for 19 soldiers killed in Benue state. Pres. Obasanjo later acknowledged ordering the attacks and made a formal apology Jan 1, 2003.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C16)(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D3)(AP, 1/3/03)
2001        Oct 22, Pakistan reached an agreement with the Taliban to accept the return of thousands of refugees. The Taliban agreed to set up 2 refugee camps inside Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A12)
2001        Oct 22, In Venezuela at least 11 people, mostly children, were killed during a stampede into a bullring for a music concert in Valencia.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.C1)
2001        Oct 22, It was reported that Yemen had partially shut down its port of Aden after the breakup of a big anti-US protest. Militants were commandeering boats to ferry fighters out of the country and to Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 10/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 23, President Bush announced he had authorized money for improved post office security following the deaths of two postal workers from inhalation anthrax.
    (AP, 10/23/02)
2001        Oct 23, Traces of anthrax were found at an off-site facility that handled mail for the White House.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 23, A relieved NASA team celebrated as the 2001 Mars Odyssey slipped into orbit around the Red Planet, two years after back-to-back failures by Mars missions. The $297 million Mars Odyssey spacecraft entered into a stable orbit following a 6-month voyage.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.A13)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C4)(AP, 10/23/02)
2001        Oct 23, US bombs in Kabul, Afghanistan, reportedly killed 22 Harkat ul-Mujahedeen fighters from Pakistan.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 23, John Ashcroft, US Attorney Gen’l., said 3 men wanted by German authorities, Said Bahaji, Ramzi Binalshibh and Zakariya Essabar, were part of a terrorist cell in Hamburg that included 3 men from the Sep 11 attack on the WTC.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 23, US military officers were sent to the Philippines to assess how the US might help the local war against terrorism.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 23, David B. Duncan of Anderson Accounting called a meeting to organize the destruction of Enron-related records. Duncan was fired in 2002.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A12)
2001        Oct 23, The MacArthur Foundation announced 23 "genius" award winners. Each would receive $100,000 over the next 5 years.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A15)
2001        Oct 23, African leaders gathered in Nigeria for the formal launch of the New Africa Initiative, aimed at reviving ailing their economies.
    (WSJ, 10/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 23, Israel rejected a request by Pres. Bush to withdraw from Palestinian territory as the violence continued.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.C3)
2001        Oct 23, The Irish Republican Army (IRA) began to destroy its arsenal of weapons in a move to save the Northern Ireland peace process.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.C3)(AP, 10/23/02)
2001        Oct 23, In the Philippines 6 suspected Muslim rebels surrendered and 3 were captured.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)

2001        Oct 24, The US House passed a $100 billion economic stimulus package.
    (AP, 10/24/02)
2001        Oct 24, The US government arranged to buy 100 million Cipro tablets from Bayer for 95 cents each. The tablets were for anthrax. US Postmaster General John Potter told Americans “There are no guaranties that mail is safe." He warned people to wash their hands after handling mail.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.D1)(SSFC, 9/10/06, p.E4)
2001        Oct 24, O.J. Simpson was acquitted in Miami of grabbing another driver's glasses and scratching the man's face in a road-rage argument that the former football star insisted was started by the other guy.
    (AP, 10/24/02)
2001        Oct 24, In NYC 14-story scaffolding collapsed in a courtyard behind 215 Park Ave S. and at least 5 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C16)
2001        Oct 24, A blizzard hit North Dakota and Minnesota. The 10 inches of snow broke a 1926 Grand Forks record. The blizzard killed 6 people in the Midwest with 4 dead in North Dakota car crashes.
    (WSJ, 10/25/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D8)
2001        Oct 24, In Montgomery, Texas, Michael James Perry and Jason Burkett fatally shot Sandra Stotler (50), her son Adam Stotler and Jeremy Richardson (18), with a shotgun. Perry (28) was executed in 2010.
2001        Oct 24, In Afghanistan US jets attacked frontline Taliban positions for a 4th day. The Pentagon accused the Taliban regime of planning to poison relief food supplies and to blame the US for resulting deaths.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A3, A4)
2001        Oct 24, Some 1500 Afghanistan leaders met in Pakistan for a 2-day Assembly for Peace and National Unity in Afghanistan. Pir Sayed Ahmed Gailani, a religious leader, presided.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 10/25/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 24, It was reported that Abdul Haq, a Pashtun opposition leader, had entered southern Afghanistan with some 100 men to open an ethnic-Pashtun front against the Taliban.
    (WSJ, 10/24/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 24, Britain began tearing down 4 military installations in Northern Ireland in response to the IRA’s decision to disarm.
    (WSJ, 10/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 24, Chechen leader Akhmed Zakayev called Putin envoy Viktor Kazantsev to meet in Moscow for talks.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 24, Israeli forces stormed into Beit Rama and killed at least 5 more Palestinians. 11 were arrested including 2 who allegedly helped kill an Israeli Cabinet minister.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A15)
2001        Oct 24, Amid Farik Rizk was detained in Italy after being found stowed away in a container ship bound for Canada. Rizk was equipped with electronic gear and had security passes for airports in Canada, Thailand and Egypt.
    (WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A19)
2001        Oct 24, A NATO spokesman said peacekeepers in Bosnia had disrupted a Bosnian terrorist network.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A14)
2001        Oct 24, In Pakistan some 4,000 armed men blocked and held the Karakoram Highway, the main road to China, and demanded that Musharraf step down by Nov 7. Some 10,000 Pashtun tribesmen held the hills over the highway.
    (WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A17)(SFC, 10/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 24, In Switzerland 2 trucks collided in the 10.6 mile Gotthard tunnel and at least 10 people were killed. 11 were later confirmed dead with 30 people missing. The tunnel was expected to stay closed for weeks.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A15)(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D2)(SFC, 10/27/01, p.C1)

2001        Oct 25, A day after the House signed on, the Senate sent President Bush a package of anti-terror measures giving police sweeping new powers to search people's homes and business records secretly and to eavesdrop on telephone and computer conversations.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2001        Oct 25, A State Dept. mail worker in Virginia was diagnosed with the inhalational form of anthrax.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 25, American warplanes dropped cluster bombs for the 1st time on Taliban front lines.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A18)
2001        Oct 25, Operation Green Quest was the name given to a Treasury Dept. led task force headed by the Customs Service to crack down on financial sponsors of terrorism.
    (WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 25, The Ford Motor Co. reached a settlement that would cost as much as $2.7 billion to replace a $4 ignition device prone to cause stalling.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 25, Microsoft introduced its new Windows XP operating system.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.B1)
2001        Oct 25, Israel withdrew from Beit Rama and pledged phased withdrawals if demands for a total cease-fire were met. Three Palestinians were killed in Bethlehem.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.D2)

2001        Oct 26, Pres. Bush signed a sweeping anti-terrorism bill into law. It gave police and intelligence agencies vast new powers to fight terrorism. The USA Patriot Act included Section 215 that gave the FBI authority to obtain library and bookstore records without evidence of wrongdoing. It allowed the government to detain aliens without public acknowledgement. Section 311 gave the Treasury sweeping powers to act against those who facilitate financial crime.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A3,6)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.A5)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.67)
2001        Oct 26, Anthrax was found in the offices of 3 lawmakers in the Longworth House Office building on Capital Hill. The Supreme Court was shut down to test for anthrax spores.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 26, American Red Cross President Bernadine Healy announced her resignation.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2001        Oct 26, Lockheed Martin won a $200 million military contract, the biggest  in US history, for a new fleet of fighter jets for the US and British forces.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 26, In Fort Worth, Texas, Chante Jawan Mallard (25), a nurse's aide, ran into Gregory Biggs (37), a homeless man, after a night of partying. Biggs was left to die in the windshield. In 2003 Mallard was convicted of murder and sentenced to 50 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.A13)
2001        Oct 26, US warplanes hit Red Cross warehouses in Kabul a 2nd time by accident. Afghan officials said 3 children were killed in overnight raids. A human rights group said that as many as 35 civilians were killed in Chowkar-Karez, near Kandahar from US air strikes. The Taliban captured and executed Abdul Haq, a prominent opposition leader, who was attempting to arrange defections.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 26, In Colombia US ambassador Anne Patterson said the US would provide counter-terrorist aid: "Colombia has 10% of the terrorist groups in the world."
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 26, Israel agreed to pull back from Bethlehem and Beit Jalla as a test of Palestinian guarantees of security.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 26, North Korea said it was no longer interested in dialogue with the US due to Pres. Bush’s recent description of North Korea as "so suspicious and secretive."
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 26, In Pakistan some 40,000 marched in Karachi to protest US air strikes. Another 10,000 protested in Quetta.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A3)

2001        Oct 27, The Arizona Diamondbacks defeated the New York Yankees in game one of the World Series, 9-1.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2001        Oct 27, In Washington, the search for deadly anthrax widened to thousands of businesses and 30 mail distribution centers.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2001        Oct 27, US warplanes hit frontline Taliban positions in the heaviest attacks to date. 10 people were reported killed from an errant bomb in the village of Ghanikhel in Kapisa province.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 27, Brian Robinson (40) of San Jose became the 1st person to hike the 3 major National Scenic Trails, 7,400 miles in 22 states, in a calendar year when he reached the northern terminus of the 2,168 mile Appalachian Trail atop Maine’s Mount Katahdin. He had already hiked the Pacific Crest Trail, 2,645 miles, and the Continental Divide Trail, 2,588 miles.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A19)(SSFC, 12/2/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 27, Over 5000 volunteers headed into Afghanistan from Temergarah, Pakistan, to help fight a holy war against the US.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A14)
2001        Oct 27, Ruue Lubbers, the UN refugee chief, said some 150,000 Afghans had crossed into Pakistan in recent weeks.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 27, Israel called off a planned withdrawal from Palestinian territory citing a handful of shooting attacks.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 27, In Kashmir Islamic rebels fought Indian troops in several areas and at least 21 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 27, Jamil Qasim Saeed Mohammed (27), a Yemeni microbiology student, was turned over to US authorities in Pakistan. He was said to be an active al Qaeda member and was suspected of involvement in the Oct 12, 2000 bombing of the Cole in Aden.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A13)

2001        Oct 28, The Arizona Diamondbacks gained a 2-0 lead in the World Series, defeating the New York Yankees 4-0.
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2001        Oct 28, The families of people killed in the Sept. 11 terrorist attack gathered in New York for a memorial service filled with prayer and song.
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2001        Oct 28, The CDC reported a 13th case of anthrax in a New Jersey postal worker. Spores were found at the mail center in Landover, Md.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 28, United Airlines replaced embattled chairman and chief executive James Goodwin with board member John Creighton.
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2001        Oct 28, In California Jeffrey Fontana (24), a rookie police officer, was shot and killed during an apparent traffic stop in San Jose’s Almaden Valley neighborhood. DeShawn Lee Campbell (22) was suspected in the murder. Campbell was caught Nov 7. In 2009 Campbell, a mentally disabled man, was convicted of 2nd degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/30/01, p.A13)(SFC, 11/8/01, p.A21)(SFC, 8/8/09, p.C2)
2001        Oct 28, The US expanded air strikes over Afghanistan and hit targets in Kabul, Mazar-e-Sharif, Herat, Jalalabad, Kandahar and near the Tajik border. 13 civilians, including 4 children, were reported killed in Kabul.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 28, Israel pulled out of Bethlehem and Beit Jala. In Hadera suspected Palestinian gunmen sprayed gunfire and killed 4 women along a main boulevard before they were shot dead by police. Drive by shooters killed an Israeli soldier near the northern West Bank frontier.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 28, In Pakistan gunmen attacked St. Dominic’s Catholic Church in Bahawalpur and shot to death at least 16 people. In Quetta a bomb on a bus killed 3 passengers. 13 Islamic militants were arrested in connection with the shooting.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A1,8)(WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 28, In Zamboanga, Philippines, a bomb exploded at a food court and at least 6 people were killed. Abu Sayyaf rebels were blamed.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 28, In Somalia PM Ali Khalif Galaydh lost a no-confidence vote after a tenure of 13 months. Pres. Abdiqasim Salad Hassan prepared to nominate a new PM.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A9)

2001        Oct 29, Pres. Bush said that he has created a task force to recommend sweeping changes on immigration laws to keep out terrorists and deport those already here.
    (SFC, 10/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 29, US officials issued a broad warning that another terrorist attack could occur over the next week.
    (SFC, 10/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 29, A hospital worker in NY and a woman who handled mail in New Jersey were found to have anthrax. Since Oct 4 a total of 37 people have tested positive for exposure and 15 have contracted the disease.
    (SFC, 10/30/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 29, In Tours, France, a masked gunman, later identified as a state railway employee, killed 4 people. He was arrested and a grudge was suspected.
    (WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 29, Israel said it would leave Palestinian territory if the cease-fire is maintained.
    (SFC, 10/30/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 29, In Morocco over 150 nations began 12 days of talks aimed at completing the rules of the Kyoto protocol. The US attended on the sidelines.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 29, In The Hague former Yugoslav Pres. Slobodan Milosevic was indicted on new charges for crimes in Croatia in 1991. He refused to enter pleas.
    (SFC, 10/30/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 29, In Sri Lanka a suicide bomber blew himself up after being stopped by police in Colombo. 2 others were killed and 18 injured.
    (WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 29, In Sri Lanka Tamil Tiger rebels attacked a fuel ship with explosive-packed boats. 4 rebels died along with 3 people aboard the ship. The M.V. Silk Pride, carrying 660 tons of fuel, exploded and sank.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)

2001        Oct 30, The New York Yankees won game three of the World Series, 2-1, cutting the Arizona Diamondbacks' games lead to 2-1.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2001        Oct 30, Ford Motor Co. chairman William Clay Ford Jr. took over as chief executive after the ouster of Jacques Nasser.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2001        Oct 30, NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey snapped its first picture of Mars, one week after the spacecraft safely arrived in orbit around the Red Planet.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2001        Oct 30, The Pentagon reported that a small number of US ground forces were operating in northern Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 30, Yasser al-Siri, an Egyptian activist, was charged in London in connection with the assassination in Afghanistan of Ahmed Shah Massood, a Northern Alliance leader. [see Egypt, Nov 25, 1993]
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 30, A 5th day of rain on Caribbean coast force 25,000 people from their homes in Honduras. 4 people were reported killed. Heavy damage was also reported from Nicaragua with 12 people missing.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.C2)(SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)
2001        Oct 30, In Tbilisi, Georgia, the state security ministry sent 30 agents to the independent Rustavi 2 TV station, ostensibly for a tax investigation. The director refused the examination of financial files and put the standoff on the air which prompted 5-10 thousand people to gather in protest. Security Minister Vakhtang Kutateladze was later fired by Pres. Shevardnadze.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D2)
2001        Oct 30, In Israel Shimon Peres reportedly prepared a peace initiative with plans to dismantle Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip and the creation of a Palestinian state.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.C3)
2001        Oct 30, In the Philippines Marvin Deonzon (27) was arrested following the weekend bomb attack. Deonzon claimed to be part of the al Qaeda network and warned of another 40 bombs planted around Zamboanga.
    (WSJ, 11/1/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 30, In Russia some 300 young people stormed a Moscow market in a racist rampage that left 2 Caucasus vendors dead.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)
2001        Oct 30, Ukraine destroyed its last nuclear missile silo, fulfilling a pledge to give up the vast nuclear arsenal it had inherited after the breakup of the former Soviet Union.
    (AP, 10/30/02)

2001        October 31, The New York Yankees played the Arizona Diamondbacks in game four of the World Series; the game ended just a few minutes after midnight as Derek Jeter hit a two-run homer in the bottom of the 10th inning to lift the Yankees over the Diamondbacks 4-3 and tie the Series at two games each.
    (AP, 10/31/02)
2001        Oct 31, US bombing in Afghanistan was reported to be the heaviest in the 4-week campaign.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 31, The US Commerce Dept. reported a 3rd quarter 0.4% annualized fall in the GDP. The decline marked an end to 33 straight quarters of economic growth.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 31, The Bush administration said it would adopt stricter arsenic standard for drinking water as proposed in the final days of the Clinton administration.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 31, The Bush administration said the Saudi government has issued an order to freeze assets of people and groups suspected of links to terrorism.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 31, Attorney Gen. John Ashcroft announced plans to block hostile foreigners from entering the US.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 31, The US Consulate in Lahore, Pakistan, received a letter that was later confirmed to contain anthrax.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A10)
2001        October 31, Former Symbionese Liberation Army fugitive Sara Jane Olson pleaded guilty to 2 felony accounts in Los Angeles to the attempted murder of police officers from activities with the Symbionese Liberation Army in 1975. She was later sentenced to 20 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/31/02)
2001        October 31, Microsoft and the Justice Department reached a tentative agreement to settle the historic antitrust case against the software giant.
    (AP, 10/31/02)
2001        Oct 31, In Connecticut Joseph Ganim (42), the mayor of Bridgeport, was charged in a federal racketeering indictment with soliciting over $425,000 in bribes.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 31, The SEC inquiry into Enron Corp. became a formal investigation.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A12)
2001        Oct 31, Halloween this year came with a blue moon, the 2nd full moon of the month.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 31, Kathy Nguyen (61), a NYC hospital worker, died of anthrax. She was the 4th person to perish in a spreading wave of bioterrorism. The source of infection remained a mystery.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/31/02)
2001        October 31, Cold War arms negotiator Paul C. Warnke died at age 81.
    (AP, 10/31/02)
2001        Oct 31, An Israeli helicopter missile in Hebron killed Jamil Jadallah, a senior Hamas member. 5 other Palestinians were also killed in West Bank attacks.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 31, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf ordered the arrest of anyone using a mosque loudspeaker for anything other than the traditional call to prayer. He also banned the use of mosques to "spread sectarian hatred."
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 31, In Peru Congress unanimously approved embezzlement charges against former Pres. Fujimori.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)

2001        Oct, The US Treasury stopped selling 30-year bonds.
    (WSJ, 3/15/05, p.C5)
2001        Oct, The FDA approved tenofovir (Viread), made by Gilead Sciences, to fight HIV. It blocked a key enzyme in HIV called reverse transcriptase. Gilead acquired it from Czech chemist Antonin Holy and turned it into a once-a-day pill.
    (SFC, 7/14/04, p.A14)
2001        Oct, Bogdan Dzakovic, former member of the FAA Red Team, filed a whistle-blower disclosure with the Office of Special Counsel, an independent US government agency. The Red Team, which revealed vulnerable area inside airports, had been grounded shortly after Sep 11.
    (SSFC, 7/9/06, p.E1)
2001        Oct, A one-day workshop on deflecting asteroids was held at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston. The B612 Foundation formed soon thereafter to promote an asteroid defense system. B612 is the asteroid home of the Little Prince in Antoine de Saint-Exupery's child's story The Little Prince.
    (SFCM, 10/8/06, p.13)(www.b612foundation.org)
2001        Oct, Oybek Jabbarov, his pregnant wife and infant son were living as refugees near the Afghan-Uzbek border when he accepted a lift in a car with soldiers of the National Alliance, an Afghan military faction long at war with the Taliban. He says the soldiers kidnapped him, falsely branded him a Taliban fighter, and delivered him to US troops to collect an easy bounty. He was transferred to Guantanamo in 2002 and cleared for release in February 2007, but kept in custody until 2009, when he was transferred to Ireland.
    (AP, 9/27/09)
2001        Oct, New galleries opened at the Tate Britain Museum.
    (WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A19)
2001        Oct, Britain abolished a tax on betting turnover. The tax, begun in 1966, was replaced with a tax on the gross profits of bookmakers. Betting firms, which had been moving rapidly offshore, began to move back.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.59)(http://tinyurl.com/39lgqm)
2001        Oct, The European Court of Human Rights ruled in a case against airport noise that people have a fundamental right to a good night’s sleep.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A17)
2001         Oct, Sayyid Imam al-Sharif (b.~1950), aka Dr. Fadl, a co-founder of al-Qaida, was arrested in Yemen and transferred to Egypt in 2004, where he changed his radical position and published "Document of Right Guidance for Jihad Activity in Egypt and the World," also transliterated as "Rationalizing Jihad in Egypt and the World". In it he proclaimed “We are prohibited from committing aggression, even if the enemies of Islam do that." In 1988 in Peshawar, Pakistan, “The Essential Guide for Preparation" by Dr. Fadl appeared and became one of the most important texts in training for jihadis.

2001        Nov 1, The New York Yankees took a 3-2 games lead over the Arizona Diamondbacks as they won game five of the World Series, 3-2, in a contest that ended after midnight.
    (AP, 11/1/02)
2001        Nov 1, President Bush issued Executive Order 13233 allowing past presidents, beginning with Ronald Reagan in 1980, to have as much say as incumbent presidents in keeping some of their White House papers private.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.D4)(AP, 11/1/02)(SFC, 1/21/08, p.C5)
2001        Nov 1, Pres. Bush extended sanctions against Sudan for one year.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D5)
2001        Nov 1, US planes made their heaviest assaults to date in northern Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 1, Anthrax spores were found in 4 mailrooms in Rockville, Md., a postal facility in Kansas City, 3 new locations in a Manhattan processing center and a 6th postal facility in Florida.
    (WSJ, 11/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 1, A NY state cell phone law went into effect. It required motorists to use hand-free systems for use while driving.
    (WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 1, United Airlines reported a record 3rd quarter loss of $1.16 billion.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.B1)
2001        Nov 1, In Colombia Carlos Arturo Pinto (53), a regional prosecutor, was shot to death in Cucuta by 2 men on motorcycle. Pinto had replaced Maria del Rosario, who was shot to death in July.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D5)
2001        Nov 1, In Georgia Pres. Shevardnadze fired his government as demonstrators took to the streets and demanded changes.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D2)
2001        Nov 1, Israeli helicopter missiles killed 2 Palestinians in a taxi in the West Bank. Yasser Asideh was identified as a suicide bomber being driven to a target by Fahami Abu Eisha.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D2)
2001        Nov 1, In Pakistan a statement attributed to bin Laden accused the government of supporting a Christian crusade and urged people to defend their faith.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 1, It was reported that the tri-border area of Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil had a long-standing presence of Islamic extremist organizations.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A3)

2001        Nov 2, President George W. Bush, saying the war in Afghanistan was unraveling Osama bin Laden's terrorist network, chided critics for clamoring for more action, and said the U.S. military campaign would not pause for the Muslim holiday of Ramadan.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/2/02)
2001        Nov 2, The US government reported that the nation's unemployment rate had shot up to 5.4 percent in October and that the US lost 415,000 jobs during the month of October.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/2/02)
2001        Nov 2, A classified memo to Congress notified lawmakers that the Bush administration planned a $400 million arms deal with Egypt that included 53 Harpoon Block II surface-to-surface satellite guided missiles.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 2, The Bush administration imposed stringent financial sanctions on Hamas, Hezbollah and 20 other suspected terrorist groups.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 2, The US Justice Dept. announced a tentative settlement with Microsoft Corp in an anti-trust suit.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)
2001        Nov 2, A US helicopter crashed due to weather in northern Afghanistan. 4 crew members were injured and retrieved by another helicopter.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A6)
2001        Nov 2, A 17th case of anthrax was reported in a NY Post employee.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 2, NYC firefighters and police engaged in a scuffle as firefighters protested a limit to the number of firefighters working to retrieve their dead at the WTC disaster site.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 2, Estimated of the WTC dead dropped to 4,396. [see Dec 19]
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 2, It was reported that Ibrahim Bah, a Libyan-trained former Senegalese rebel, lived in Burkina Faso and selected diamond dealers to handle deals in Liberia between rebels from Sierra Leone and the al Qaeda network.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.A8)
2001        Nov 2, In El Salvador gunmen killed 10 people in San Salvador in a suspected drug trade execution.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.C2)
2001        Nov 2, In  Kashmir Indian forces killed at least 25 suspected Islamic militants who tried to cross over to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.C2)
2001        Nov 2, In Pakistan some 500,000 Muslims gathered In Raiwind, Punjab, for the annual Tablighi Ijtimah (Congregation of Preaching). Their movement was founded in 1950 in India.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.A7)

2001        Nov 3, The Arizona Diamondbacks beat the New York Yankees 15-2 to tie up the World Series at three games apiece.
    (AP, 11/3/02)
2001        Nov 3, Arkansas beat Mississippi 58-56 in seven overtimes in the longest NCAA college football game in history, one that lasted four hours and 14 minutes.
    (AP, 11/3/02)
2001        Nov 3, U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld met with his Russian counterpart in Moscow to discuss nuclear arsenal cuts, American plans for a missile defense system, and U.S.-Russian cooperation in the campaign against terror. The visit was part of a 4-day tour with stops in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan and India.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A10)(AP, 11/3/02)
2001        Nov 3, US planes staged continuous bombing against Taliban positions in Samangan province and the Northern Alliance pressed toward Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 3, E.H. Gombrich (b.1909), art historian, died in London. His work included "The Story of Art." In 2002 his work "The Preference for the Primitive" was published. In 2005 his 1935 book “A Little History of the World," originally in German, was published in English.
    (WSJ, 11/26/02, p.D8)(AP, 9/16/05)
2001        Nov 3, In the Central African Republic presidential guard units fought soldiers loyal to the former army chief of staff a day after government forces tried to arrest the ousted general.
    (WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 3, In Colombia FARC fighters besieged the town of Paujil and killed 3 police officers. 8 truck drivers were abducted in Casanare province at a roadblock and 3 technicians in the same region.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 3, The Al-Jazeera TV network broadcast a videotape from Osama bin Laden. He portrayed that attacks against Afghanistan as a war against Islam and denounced Arab leaders who cooperate with the UN for peace negotiations saying that amounted to a renunciation of Islam.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A5,8)
2001        Nov 3, In Singapore the ruling party won a large majority in general elections. The People’s Action Party of PM Goh Chok Tong got 75% of the vote.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A17)

2001        Nov 4, NBC's "The West Wing" took eight honors at the twice-delayed Emmy Awards, including best dramatic series; HBO's "Sex and the City" won best comedy series.
    (AP, 11/4/02)
2001        Nov 4, In Phoenix the Arizona Diamondbacks beat the NY Yankees 3-2 in game 7 of the World Series.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 4, Tesfaye Jifar of Ethiopia won the NYC Marathon in record time, 2:07:43. Margaret Okayo of Kenya set a woman’s record of 2:24:21.
    (WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 4, The US reached a tentative agreement with Tajikistan for military cooperation in exchange for tens of millions of dollars.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 4, Ian Wallace attempted to firebomb 2 buildings at Michigan Tech. Univ. in Marquette, Mi., but his devices failed. In 2009 he was sentenced to 3 years in prison. In 2008 Wallace admitted in his plea agreement to three other acts, including the destruction of 500 research trees at a federal lab in Rhinelander, Wis., in 2000. The value of the trees was estimated at $1 million.
    (SFC, 3/24/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/db4zpf)
2001        Nov 4, The US moved more special operations forces into Afghanistan and continued air strikes on the Taliban front lines. The Air Force dropped a 15,000 pound fuel-air explosion bomb called a Daisy Cutter that was last used in the Vietnam War. Thousands of foreign volunteers were reported moving to the Taliban front lines.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A1,3)(SFC, 11/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 4, It was reported that both Poland and the Czech Republic would send military forces to assist the US in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 4, In Colombia gunmen abducted a judge and 3 lawyers in Antioquia province. Glen Heggstad (Heregestard) of California was released Dec 7.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A13)(SFC, 12/10/01, p.A5)(SFC, 12/11/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 4, It was reported that the French weekly Le Nouvel Observateur cited bin Laden as possibly possessing an arsenal of biochemical weapons. US intelligence sources were cited that bin Laden purchased laboratories from the former Yugoslavia, Ebola virus from former Soviet stockpiles, botulism from the Czech Republic, anthrax from North Korea and the assistance of chemists and biologists from the Ukraine.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A25)
2001        Nov 4, Hurricane Michelle hit Cuba and forced the evacuation of 750,000. At least 5 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/6/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 4, In Israel Khatem Shweili (24), a Palestinian gunman, fired an M-16 at a school bus in Jerusalem and killed Shoshana Ben-Yisgai (16) and a boy (13-14). The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A12)
2001         Nov 4, In Nicaragua elections former leader Daniel Ortega (54) faced Enrique Bolanos (73) of the governing Constitutionalist Liberal Party. Enrique Bolanos won the elections.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D1)(SFC, 11/5/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 4, In northern Nigeria Christian-Muslim fighting over the weekend left about 10 dead. It was sparked by the imposition of Muslim religious law, Shariah.
    (WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 4, Pakistan arrested Qazi Hussain Ahmed, leader of the pro-Taliban Jamaat-e-Islami party, after he defied a ban on public protests. Ahmed was charged with sedition the next day.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A18)

2001        Nov 5, US bombing continued to hit Taliban front lines and attacks concentrated on caves and tunnels. About 2 dozen US commandos were reported to be in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 5, Subash Gurung (27) of Nepal was arrested at O’Hare Int’l. Airport just before boarding a plane to Omaha. He passed through checkpoint carrying 7 knives, a stun gun and a can marked tear gas and was in the US with an expired student visa.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.A7)
2001        Nov 5, PG&E Corp., the parent of bankrupt PG&E, reported a 243% jump in profits during the 3rd quarter.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)
2001        Nov 5, Baxter said its dialysis filters appear to have played a role in the deaths of 53 patients in Texas, Nebraska, and 6 countries in Europe, south America and Asia.
    (WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 5, Hurricane Michelle swept past the Bahamas with 85 mph winds, flooding houses and cutting power.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2001        Nov 5, Domingo Cavallo, the economy minister, said Argentina planned to restructure $95 billion of debt to avoid default.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.B11)
2001        Nov 5, Roy Boulting (87), who with his twin brother, John, produced some of postwar Britain's most enduring films, died in Eynsham, England.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2001        Nov 5, In the Central African Republic troops loyal to Gen. Francois Bozize fired mortar shells at Pres. Patasse’s residence in Bangui and engaged government soldiers for a 3rd day of fighting.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 5, Israeli tanks pulled out of Qalqilya and soon after a bomb exploded at the Jewish settlement of Shaked, 6 miles west of Jenin. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 5, Enrique Bolanos defeated former Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua's presidential election.
    (AP, 11/5/02)
2001        Nov 5, In Russian a military helicopter hit a radio tower near St. Petersburg and at least 5 crew members were killed.
    (WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 6, Season One of the television series “24" was first broadcast. It featured Jack Bauer as the protagonist, in which he has trained and worked in various capacities as a government agent, including U.S. Army Delta Force, Los Angeles Police Department SWAT, CIA, and finally the Counter Terrorist Unit (CTU).
2001        Nov 6, Baseball owners voted 28-2 to eliminate two major league teams by the 2002 season.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2001        Nov 6, Pres. Bush met with France’s Pres. Chirac and addressed an anti-terrorism meeting in Poland via satellite.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 6, The Federal Reserve lowered interest rates for the 10th time this year. The half point drop put the benchmark fed funds rate to 2% and the discount rate to 1.5%, its lowest level in 40 years. The DJIA rose 150 to 9591. The Nasdaq rose 41 to 1835.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.B1)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A2)(AP, 11/6/02)
2001        Nov 6, Attorney Gen. Ashcroft directed US DEA agents to go after Oregon doctors in assisted suicide cases. On Nov 8 a federal judge issued a temp block of Ashcroft’s order good until Nov 20.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 6, Michael Bloomberg, self-made billionaire, was elected as the NYC’s 108th mayor. He spent $69 million on his self-financed campaign. He soon introduced “311," a form of centralized customer service for the city.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A15)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A1)(Econ, 2/19/05, Survey p.11)
2001        Nov 6, In New Jersey Democrat Jim McGreevey defeated Republican Bret Schundler in the race for governor.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 6, In Virginia Democrat Mark Warner defeated Republican Mark Earley in the race for governor.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 6, Playwright Anthony Shaffer, who'd written the thriller "Sleuth," died in London at age 75.
    (AP, 11/6/02)
2001        Nov 6, US bombs killed a number of civilians in Kabul. The UN later reported that erroneous bombing killed 30 civilians in Kabul over the 1st 37 days of bombing.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 6, In Munini, Burundi, 24 civilians were reported dead from fighting between Hutu rebels and the Tutsi dominated army.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A16)
2001        Nov 6, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said he would activate 3,900 troops for action in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 6, In Northern Ireland David Trimble overcame blocking tactics and was re-elected 1st minister of the N. Ireland Assembly.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 6, Israeli troops pulled out of Ramallah. 5 Palestinians were killed along with 1 Israeli soldier in an attack on an Israeli army post and a car bomb blast.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A13)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 6, Authorities in Ciudad Juarez found the bodies of 3 young women. 5 more bodies were found the next day. Mexican authorities later built a somber memorial of concrete benches, a circular water fountain also made of concrete and a cement plaque with the names of the eight victims. The families of three of the women appealed in 2003 for the court, which is a body of the Organization of American States, to take up the case. On Nov 7, 2011, Mexico's government publicly apologized for failing to prevent the killings of the three women and for the negligence of officials in investigating the crimes.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A19)(AP, 11/7/11)
2001        Nov 6, Russia clinched a deal to build a $2.6 billion nuclear-power plant in Kudunkulam, Tamil Nadu, India. India reiterated its intention of buying a Russian aircraft carrier, the Admiral Gorshkov, for the cost of retrofit estimated at $500 million, along with 2 squadrons of MiG-29C jet fighters.
    (WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A16)
2001        Nov 6, In Madrid, Spain, a rush hour car bomb blast injured 95 people. The ETA was suspected and a man and woman were arrested.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 6, In Istanbul, Turkey, 4 leftist militants, participants in a hunger strike, died during a police raid. The militants had threatened self-immolation.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A16)

2001        Nov 7, The Bush administration targeted Osama bin Laden's multimillion-dollar financial networks, closing businesses in four states, detaining U.S. suspects and urging allies to help choke off money supplies in 40 nations. Federal agents raided 2 money transfer organizations, Al Barakaat and Al Taqwa that included 10 locations in 4 states.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/7/02)
2001        Nov 7, At the White House, President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair, allies in the war on terrorism, confidently offered back-to-back pledges of victory, no matter how long it took.
    (AP, 11/7/02)
2001        Nov 7, Bridgestone/Firestone Inc. agreed to pay $41.5 million to head off lawsuits by states over defective tires.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 7, Small numbers of US forces prepared to enter southern Afghanistan for special missions.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 7, A special unit of Afghan and Arab "fidaiyan" fighters, was reported to be ready for suicide attacks.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 7, British Airways and Air France resumed Concorde jet flights. Safety changes were made following the July 25, 2000 crash.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.D1)(SFC, 11/8/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 7, In Colombia FARC rebels kidnapped Mireya Mejia Araujo, a local peace counselor, and demanded $217,000 in ransom.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 7, Israeli lawmakers lifted Parliamentary immunity from Azmi Bishara, a representative of the Arab party Balad, for statements that allegedly threatened Israeli security. Israel ended its occupation of Ramallah and Israeli forces killed 2 Palestinians.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A19)(WSJ, 11/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 7, Italy pledged an aircraft carrier and 2,700 troops to help the American campaign in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A6)
2001        Nov 7, Pakistan halted the news conferences of Afghan ambassador Abdul Salam Zaeef, who used the event to announce civilian casualties caused by US bombings.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 7, In the Philippines tropical storm Lingling left at least 68 people dead from floods and landslides.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A20)
2001        Nov 7, In Qatar Abdullah Mubarak al-Hajiri was killed after he opened fire on US and Qatari troops guarding the Al Adid air base.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 7, In Spain Judge Jose Maria Lidon Corbi was shot to death as he drove out of his garage in Gexto. The ETA was held responsible.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 7, Taiwan ended a 50-year-old ban on direct trade and investment in China.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A19)

2001        Nov 8,    In a prime-time address, Pres. Bush called on Americans to defy acts of terror by strengthening their communities, comforting their neighbors and remaining vigilant in the face of further threats.
    (AP, 11/8/02)
2001        Nov 8, U.S. jets struck Taliban targets across northern Afghanistan and fierce fighting was reported around the Taliban-held city of Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A3)(AP, 11/8/02)
2001        Nov 8, Scientists from Lucent Technologies’ Bell Labs issued a report on "nanotransistors," so tiny that 10 million could fit on the head of a pin.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 8, Enron Corp. disclosed that it had overstated its annual profits by nearly $600 million and had kept over $1 billion off its books since 1997.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A12)
2001        Nov 8, The European Central Bank and the Bank of England lowered interest rates by half a percent.
    (WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 8, Israeli border police stormed a building in Baka al-Sharkiyeh where a suicide bomber killed himself and wounded 2 commandos.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 8, Pakistan’s Gen. Pervez Musharraf stopped in Paris and London on his way to meet with Pres. Bush. He called for an end to military operations before the month of Ramadan.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 8, In the Philippines the toll from tropical storm Lingling climbed to at least 350 people. The storm left more than 200 dead and moved to Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)(AP, 11/8/02)
2001        Nov 8, In South Korea Kim Dae Jung quit as head of the ruling party.
    (WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 8, A UN helicopter crashed into the sea off of Sierra Leone. All 7 aboard were presumed dead.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A15)

2001        Nov 9, A federal panel ordered Amtrak to come up with a liquidation plan.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 9, The US Federal Election Committee voted 6-0 to recognize the Green Party as a national committee.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 9, In Afghanistan Northern Alliance forces under Gen. Rashid Dostum claimed the capture of Mazar-e-Sharif. Looting and killings were reported.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/12/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/14/01, p.A7)
2001        Nov 9, Hutu rebels in Burundi abducted 80 teenage boys and 4 teachers from 3 schools in Ruyigi. Forced recruitment was believed to be the reason. Hundreds of youths escaped and at least 3 were left dead.
    (WSJ, 11/8/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 9, An Israeli settler was shot and killed in her car and a Palestinian was shot and killed as he approached an Israeli army position. In Gaza a 12-year-old Palestinian boy was wounded and died 3 days later.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A12)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 9, Jordan’s King Abdullah II said his country would consider sending troops to Afghanistan to help the anti-terrorism coalition.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 9, In Morocco negotiators of over 160 countries reached agreement on a climate control treaty and set mandatory targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 9, A Pakistani newspaper published a Nov 7 interview with Osama bin Laden in which he claimed to have chemical and nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 9, In Pakistan police in Dera Ghazi Khan shot and killed 4 protesters during a strike called by extremist religious parties.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 9, A WTO meeting was scheduled to start in Qatar. A Sep 27 blueprint called for concessions from the US, EU and Japan in opening markets for textiles, steel and agriculture.
    (WSJ, 9/28/01, p.A12)

2001        Nov 10, Pres. Bush made his 1st  address to the UN. He warned that all nations were possible targets of terrorism and urged them to join with the United States in a campaign to prevent more attacks. Bush also met with Gen. Musharraf of Pakistan and pledged to boost aid there.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/10/02)
2001        Nov 10, Traces of anthrax were reported in offices of the Hart and Longworth government buildings in Washington DC.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A7)
2001        Nov 10, Ken Kesey (b.1935), author, died in Eugene, Oregon. His books included "One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest" (1962) and "Sometimes a Great Notion" (1964). In 2013 Rick Dodgson authored “It’s All Kind of Magic: The Young Ken Kesey."
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)(SSFC, 11/10/13, p.F7)
2001        Nov 10, Percy Ross, millionaire columnist, died at age 84. His 1983-1999 "Thanks a Million" newspaper column helped him hand out an estimated $30 million. He was the son of poor immigrants from Latvia and Russia and made his fortune producing plastic film and trash bags.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A28)
2001        Nov 10, In day 35 of US attacks in Afghanistan the Northern alliance claimed the capture of the provincial capitals of Shibarghan, Meimanah, and Aybal. Taliban forces were surrounded near Taloqan and Kunduz.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 10, Algeria found itself caught in a fierce 36-hour storm that killed an estimated 886 people.
    (AP, 11/10/02)
2001        Nov 10, In Australia conservative PM Howard faced Labor’s Kim Beazley in elections. Howard and his conservative government won a 3rd term. Howard’s Liberal Party won 68 seats of the 150 in the lower house. The coalition National Party won 12 seats. Labor won 67 and independents won 3.
    (WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 10, China officially joined the WTO after ministers in Qatar approved its membership. China became a full member on Dec 11, 2001, 30 days after its parliament ratified the agreement and informed the WTO.
    (www.china-un.ch/eng/qtzz/wto/t85612.htm)(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 10, In Colombia AUC paramilitary killed 12 villagers in El Choco for collaboration with the ELN.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 10, In Kashmir Indian forces battled suspected Islamic militants and 18 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 11, The US costs for the war in Afghanistan were estimated at $1 billion a month.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 11-2001 Nov 16, In St. Cloud, Minn., three healthy men died following knee surgeries from infections of Clostridium sordellii.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 11, In Afghanistan Northern Alliance forces with help from US warplanes and advisers captured Taloqan and some 200 Taliban were reported killed. Local warlords accepted a payment to change allegiance.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/12/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/14/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 11, Two French radio reporters and a German magazine journalist were killed when they came under Taliban fire in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/11/02)
2001        Nov 11, A 36-hour storm hit Algeria and 337 people were reported killed. It was the worst flooding in 20 years. The death toll reached 580.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 11/12/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/17/01, p.A24)
2001        Nov 11, In Indonesia Theys Eluay (64), an independence movement leader in Irian Jaya, was found strangled in his wrecked car and riots erupted. He had spent the previous evening at dinner with local army commanders. In 2003 7 members of the Indonesia special forces were convicted for involvement in the murder. Their maximum sentence was 31/2 years.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A12)(SFC, 11/27/01, p.A3)(SFC, 4/22/03, A7)
2001        Nov 11, In Mexico Lazaro Cardena of the leftist PRD won 42% of the votes for governor in Michoacan state vs. 37% Alfredo Anaya of the PRI.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 11, A Pakistani newspaper (Ausaf) published the second part of an interview in which Osama bin Laden was quoted as saying he had nothing to do with the anthrax attacks in the United States, and declared he would never allow himself to be captured.
    (AP, 11/11/02)
2001        Nov 11, Taiwan officially joined the WTO after ministers in Qatar approved its membership.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 12, American Airlines Flight 587, bound for the Dominican Republic, crashed in Belle Harbor in the Far Rockaway district of Queens just after takeoff from JFK Airport. All 260 crew and passengers were killed as well as 5 people on the ground. The A300-600 plane appeared to have fallen apart. The vertical tail section cracked off when composite fittings failed possibly due to turbulence from a preceding 747. In 2004 a safety board said the pilot’s “unnecessary and excessive“ use of the rudder contributed to the crash.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.A14)(SFC, 11/15/01, p.A19)(SFC, 10/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 11/12/05)
2001        Nov 12, Carrie Donovan (73), the flamboyant fashion editor with the outsized glasses who had a second career touting T-shirts and cargo pants in Old Navy commercials, died in New York.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2001        Nov 12, In Afghanistan Taliban forces abandoned Kabul and Northern Alliance forces moved in to the capital. The Taliban took with them 8 foreign aid workers. There were reports of looting and summary executions. 3 European journalists died in the fighting.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A1,2,15)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 12, Israeli tanks and troops raided the West Bank village of Tel and killed Muhammed Reihan (25), a Hamas member. 45 residents were detained.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 12, In Macedonia 3 policemen were killed in fighting following the seizure of hostages by ethnic Albanians near Tetovo in response to a police raid.
    (WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 12, Typhoon Lingling hit Vietnam and 18 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 12, In Zimbabwe the government banned 1000 farmers from cultivating their fields and gave them 3 months to vacate their homes as part of a "fast track" land redistribution plan.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 13, Pres. Bush issued an order to try int’l. terrorists by a special military tribunal.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 13, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin met at the White House, where they pledged to slash Cold War-era nuclear arsenals by two-thirds but remained at odds over American plans to develop a missile defense shield.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/13/02)
2001        Nov 13, Bishop Wilton Gregory was elected the first black president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.
    (AP, 11/13/02)
2001        Nov 13, US warplanes hit Taliban convoys leaving Kabul. The Al Jazeera office in Kabul was bombed. Kabul residents rejoiced at the departure of the Taliban. The Northern Alliance retreated at Kunduz when a suspected surrender turned into an attack. Some $5.3 million vanished from the Central Bank Mille in Kabul.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.A1,2,3)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 13, Eight foreign aid workers, two Americans, two Australians and four Germans, held captive in Afghanistan for three months were freed from a prison by anti-Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 11/13/02)
2001        Nov 13, An anthrax tainted letter was received by a pediatrician in Santiago. It was postmarked from Switzerland and marked for return to Florida. It was actually mailed from NY through a NY-based subsidiary of the Swiss Post office. The letter was later believed to have been contaminated in a lab.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A4)(SFC, 11/24/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 11/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 13, Spanish police arrested 11 people with suspected links to Osama bin Laden.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.A6)

2001        Nov 14, Jonathan Franzan won the national Book Award in fiction for "The Corrections." Andrew Solomon, gay psychiatrist, won the non-fiction award for "The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression."
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A2)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.132)
2001        Nov 14, Pres. Bush nominated Sean O’Keefe, deputy director of the Office of Management and Budget, to head NASA.
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A20)
2001        Nov 14, Pres. Bush welcomed Pres. Putin to his Prairie Chapel Ranch. They continued their talks a day after the two leaders agreed at the White House to reduce their countries' nuclear stockpiles.
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A20)(AP, 11/14/02)
2001        Nov 14, Attorney Gen. Ashcroft unveiled an overhaul of the INS. Law enforcement and service operations would be split.
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 14, The Microsoft Xbox, a video game player, went on sale for $299.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.D1)
2001        Nov 14, The rout of the Taliban in Afghanistan accelerated with the Islamic militia losing control of Jalalabad in the east, once-loyal Pashtun tribesmen joining in the revolt in the south, and many of their fighters fleeing into the mountains to evade U.S. airstrikes.
    (AP, 11/14/02)
2001        Nov 14, The Northern Alliance pushed toward Kunduz and Kandahar. 8 Western relief workers were rescued including 2 Americans. Mohammed Atef, a top al Qaeda military strategist, was believed killed by a bomb near Kabul. US air strikes at Gardez killed 23 civilians.
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/17/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A14)
2001        Nov 14, The UN Security Council approved a resolution to fill the political vacuum in Afghanistan and to provide security in areas freed by anti-Taliban forces.
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 14, Britain pledged 5,000 more troops to Afghanistan in addition to 4,500 already in the war zone.
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A9)
2001        Nov 14, Palestinian police arrested a top Islamic Jihad militant and sparked an anti-Arafat protest in Jenin.
    (WSJ, 11/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 14, In Doha, Qatar, 142 nations agreed to launch a new round of world trade (WTO) talks in negotiations that went 24 hours past the scheduled end. The centerpiece of the round was freer trade in farm goods.
    (WSJ, 11/15/01, p.A1)(Econ, 9/20/03, p.11)(Econ, 10/11/08, SR p.30)
2001        Nov 14, In Stavropol, Russia, 5 men convicted of plotting bomb attacks, were sentenced 9-15 years in prison. All 5 were said to have attended terrorist camps in Chechnya run by an associate of Osama bin Laden.
    (WSJ, 11/15/01, p.A22)

2001        Nov 15, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin failed to resolve their dispute over U.S. missile shield plans but pledged to fight terrorism and deepen U.S.-Russian ties as their summit, which began at the White House then shifted to Bush's Texas ranch, came to a close.
    (AP, 11/15/02)
2001        Nov 15, The US House and Senate agreed to make airport screeners federal employees within a year.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 15, Investigators in Florida said anthrax was found throughout the 68,000-square-foot America Media building in Boca Raton, where the 1st case was identified.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 15, The Philip Morris tobacco company announced a name change to Altria Group.
    (WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 15, United Airlines announced that it would put stun guns into the cockpits of each of its 500 planes.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 15, Day 40 of the attack on Afghanistan: Osama bin Laden’s Brigade 055 dispersed into the mountains of Afghanistan. US planes struck Taliban positions outside Kunduz, where as many as 20,000 Taliban fighters gathered. Kandahar went under siege by opposition forces. Jalalabad was reported to be under Yunis Khalis of the Northern Alliance. Mullah Omar in a BBC radio interview warned of a larger strategy: the "destruction of America."
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A1,9)(SFC, 11/17/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 15, Two al-Qaeda computers were acquired about this time by a Wall Street journalist in Kabul for $1,100 following US bombing. They were found to contain over 1,750 text and video files of al Qaeda activities including weapons programs. One file contained the names of 170 al Qaeda members.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/16/02, p.A1)
2001        Nov 15, Israeli troops raided a Gaza Strip refugee camp and a West Bank village. One Palestinian was killed and 14 were wounded.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A23)
2001        Nov 15, In Zimbabwe Peace Corp workers were recalled after the government refused to issue permits for new volunteers.
    (WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 16, The film "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone" opened to record audiences across the country.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 16, US Treas. Sec. Paul O’Neill signed off on a plan for war bonds to be issued as Series EF with an interest of 4.07%.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 16, An anthrax laced letter was found in quarantined congressional mail addressed to Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.). It was found to contain billions of spores, enough to kill 100,000 people.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/21/01, p.A8)(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 16, A University of Georgia football fan rushing to catch his flight ran past guards and through a passenger exit at Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport, forcing officials to halt flights; the man, Michael Lasseter, was later sentenced to five weekends or 10 days in jail and 500 hours of community service.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2001        Nov 16, Texas storms abated and left 9 people dead.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 16, Tommy Flanagan (71), jazz pianist, died in NYC.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A24)
2001        Nov 16, In Afghanistan US air strikes killed 20 civilians at Zani Khel and at least 65 at Khost. US bombing began at Tora Bora.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A14)(NW, 8/26/02, p.38)
2001        Nov 16, The Taliban was reported ready to abandon Kandahar. The Northern Alliance took over Radio Kabul and other key city offices.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A1,3)
2001        Nov 16, This was the 1st day of the annual month of Ramadan, the Islamic commemoration of God’s revelation of the Koran.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A2)
2001        Nov 16, In Macedonia the parliament adopted constitutional changes giving ethnic minority Albanians more rights.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 16, The MDC headquarters in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, were destroyed by pro-government militants. They were protesting the recent killing of Cain Nkala, who helped lead violent occupations of white-owned farms. 6 opposition activists arrested for an alleged role in the murder were acquitted in 2004.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A20)(SFC, 8/7/04, p.A9)

2001        Nov 17, Lennox Lewis knocked out Hasim Rahman in the fourth round to get back his WBC and IBF heavyweight titles.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2001        Nov 17, Two US sailors, Benjamin Johnson and Vincent Parker, were missing after the oil tanker Samra sank in the northern Persian Gulf. The ship was suspected of smuggling Iraqi oil.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)(SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A20)
2001        Nov 17, John M. Dawson, plasma physics expert, died at age 71. He is considered the father of computer-simulated plasma models and of plasma-based particle accelerators.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 17, Former U.S. Sen. Harrison A. Williams Jr. (81), whose political career was ended by the Abscam bribery scandal, died in Denville, N.J.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2001        Nov 17, The Taliban confirmed the death of Osama bin Laden's military chief Mohammed Atef in an airstrike three days earlier.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2001        Nov 17, In Afghanistan Burhanuddin Rabbani, the political leader of the Northern Alliance, returned to Kabul. This complicated efforts for a board-based government. US warplanes continued to bomb around Kunduz and Kandahar.
    (SSFC, 11/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 17, In Canada finance ministers of the G-20 nations agreed to freeze terrorist assets and to implement a UN resolution against terrorist financing.
    (SSFC, 11/18/01, p.A8)
2001        Nov 17, Israeli troops withdrew from Tulkarem in the West Bank.
    (SSFC, 11/18/01, p.A22)
2001        Nov 17, Kosovo voted in a symbolic step toward independence. Ibrahim Rugova claimed victory the next day and issued a call for quick independence. Ex-rebel leader Hashim Thaci made a strong showing and a coalition was expected.
    (WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/19/01, p.A13)(WSJ, 11/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 17, In the Philippines communist guerrillas opened fire on soldiers in Cateel town. 18 soldiers and 10 rebels were killed.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 18, In Georgia thousands demonstrated outside Fort Benning during the annual march to the post to protest the School of the Americas training for Latin America soldiers.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 18, Phillips Petroleum and Conoco Inc. announced they were merging in a $35 billion deal that created the third-largest U.S. oil and gas company.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A13)(AP, 11/18/02)
2001        Nov 18, The IMF and World Bank ended their meeting in Ottawa and made a call for increasing aid to developing countries.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 18, Northern Alliance leaders agreed to join UN sponsored talks to form a new government. Haji Qadir formed a new alliance to govern Jalalabad. US planes continued strikes around Kunduz and Kandahar. US strikes on a Taliban convoy were later considered as a marking point for the downfall of the Taliban.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A1,3)(SFC, 1/2/02, p.A6)
2001        Nov 18, In London some 15,000 people of the Stop the War coalition demonstrated against US-led bombing in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 18, In Bulgaria Socialist Georgi Parvanov (44) won 53% of the presidential vote against incumbent Petar Stoyanov. This signaled discontent with the pace of reforms of PM Simeon Saxcoburggotski.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 18, Russia dropped all conditions and opened talks with Chechnya.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 18, In Spain 8 men, Soldiers of Allah, detained last week were reported to be members of the al Qaeda network and to have played a role in the Sep 11 attacks.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A5)(SFC, 11/20/01, p.A7)

2001        Nov 19, Barry Bonds became the first baseball player to win four Most Valuable Player Awards.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2001        Nov 19, Pres. Bush signed airport security legislation that required programs for the inspection of air travel checked baggage within 60 days. "Safety comes first." It included a requirement for security screeners to be US citizens within a year.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/18/02, p.A16)(SSFC, 12/7/03, p.D6)
2001        Nov 19, The United States accused Iraq and North Korea of developing germ warfare programs.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2001        Nov 19, Four foreign journalists and their Afghan guide were killed in an ambush between Jalalabad and Kabul: Harry Burton of Australia (Reuters), Azizullah Haidari, Afghan photographer (Reuters), Julio Fuentes of Spain (El Mundo, Madrid), and Maria Grazia Cutuli of Italy (Corriere della Sera, Milan). In 2004 Afghan judges sentenced Reza Khan to death for his role in the ambush. Khan said he was under orders from militia commander Mohammed Agha.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.A10)
2001        Nov 19, It was reported that 400 Afghan Taliban soldiers were killed while trying to defect last week. Gen. Dostum led Northern Alliance troops in the area. Defectors continued to stream out of Kunduz as US war planes continued to bomb Taliban positions.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/1/02, p.A12)
2001        Nov 19, Some Taliban began secret negotiations for the surrender of Kandahar. They said outside forces had taken over their movement and named: the int’l. drug mafia, int’l. terrorists, the puritanical Wahhabi school of Sunni Islam, and Pakistan intelligence.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 19, In Colombia the right-wing AUC militia said that it held 6 mayors hostage in Antioquia state. The mayors were released Nov 20.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 19, Egypt and Syria confirmed the extradition of Rifai Ahmed Taha, a former aide to Osama bin Laden, from Syria to Egypt.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 19, In the Philippines Moro rebels attacked the army near Jolo town. 4 soldiers were killed along with 51 rebels in a counterattack.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 19, A Russian airliner crashed 90 miles north of Moscow and all 24 on board were killed. The Ilyushin-18 was chartered by Israero and was from the Siberian city of Khatanga.
    (WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 20, Pres. Bush called on Americans to support charities of all kinds.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A16)
2001        Nov 20, A federal judge extended a court order blocking an attempt by Attorney General John Ashcroft to dismantle Oregon's one-of-a-kind law allowing physician-assisted suicides.
    (AP, 11/20/02)
2001        Nov 20, US federal health officials approved sale of the world's first contraceptive patch, Ortho-Evra.
    (AP, 11/20/02)
2001        Nov 20, The Sep 11 death toll at the WTC was reduced to just under 3,900.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A2)
2001        Nov 20, Portland police said they would not cooperate with FBI efforts to interview some 5,000 Middle Eastern men because the questioning violated state laws.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 20, Jeff Hawkins, inventor of the Palm computer, was reported to hold that the brain works by anticipating and completing patterns more than it does through inputs and outputs of information.
    (WSJ, 11/20/01, p.B1)
2001        Nov 20, In Afghanistan the Northern Alliance gave the Taliban in Kunduz 3 days to give up. The alliance controlling Afghanistan's capital and much of its countryside agreed to attend power-sharing talks in Germany the following week.
    (WSJ, 11/21/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/02)
2001        Nov 20, Abu Qatada (40), a Muslim cleric living in London, was named in a Spanish indictment as a pivotal figure in the al Qaeda network in Europe.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 20, Chinese police on Tiananmen Square detained some 35 foreigners who protested the crackdown on the Falun Gong. The protesters were all expelled from the country.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)
2001        Nov 20, A speedboat, believed to be carrying 30 smuggled Cubans, capsized in the Florida Straits and all were believed drowned.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 20, The Liberal (Venstre) Party under Anders Fogh Rasmussen (1953) won elections in Denmark. It formed a minority government with the Conservative People’s Party.

2001        Nov 21, Tiger Woods won his 4th consecutive PGA Grand Slam with a win at Poipu Bay in Hawaii.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)
2001        Nov 21, Florida disbarred F. Lee Bailey (68) for payment in a 1994 drug case that was supposed to go to the government.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A20)
2001        Nov 21, A series of 100 waves broke over Maverick’s Reef in Half Moon Bay, Ca.
    (SFC, 1/31/07, p.A1)
2001        Nov 21, Ottilie W. Lundgren (94) of Oxford, Conn., died of inhalational anthrax in a case that baffled investigators.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A10)(AP, 11/21/02)
2001        Nov 21, Actor-turned-author Gardner McKay died in Honolulu at age 69.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2001        Nov 21, In Afghanistan the Taliban in Kandahar pledged to continue their fight.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 21, India border forces in Kashmir killed at least 12 suspected Islamic guerrillas trying to cross a cease-fire line with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)
2001        Nov 21, Nepal's Maoist rebel leader Prachanda (b.1954), the name means fierce, announced a withdrawal from a 4-month cease-fire agreement. Attacks on police stations and government installations quickly followed.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A12)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prachanda)

2001        Nov 22, Stanford and UCSF researchers reported a long list of genes responsible for multiple schlerosis (MS).
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 22, Mary Kay Ash (b.1918), founder of the Mary Kay cosmetics firm, died in Dallas. By 2001 her 1963 sales force of 11 had grown to over 750,000 in 37 countries.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A29)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)
2001        Nov 22, In Afghanistan Northern Alliance engaged the Taliban in heavy fighting outside Kunduz. A Kunduz surrender deal was in jeopardy.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 22, Pope John Paul II issued a papal message via the Internet to Catholics in Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific islands that included an apology for sexual abuse by priests.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 22, In Colombia at least 47 people were confirmed dead following a mud slide at condemned gold mine site in Filadelfia.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A17)(SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 22, Japan confirmed a 2nd mad cow case and planned to slaughter and incinerate 5,100 cows.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)
2001        Nov 22, In the Gaza Strip 5 Palestinian boys (6-14) were killed when a bomb exploded beneath them as a walked to school.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 22, Pakistan ordered the Taliban to close its embassy in Islamabad.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A16)
2001        Nov 22, The Philippine military bombed rebel positions on Jolo island and hunted for supporters of Gov. Nur Misuari, who was charged with rebellion. At least 100 of Misuari’s men were reported killed since the Nov 19 attack.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 22, Talks on Russia-NATO relations began in Moscow. A plan was proposed that would give Russia equal status with the 19 permanent members.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 22, The Turkey Parliament formally recognized men and women as equals effective Jan 1. this updated a 1926 code that designated the husband as head of the family.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)
2001        Nov 22, The Zimbabwe justice minister announced plans to force residents to carry identity documents at all times.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)

2001        Nov 23, It was reported that Hawaii’s Supreme Court struck down the state’s sex offender registration law, declaring it unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)
2001        Nov 23, Heavy storms hit Arkansas and at least 4 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 23, Taliban troop contingents were reported to have dug in at 2 bases near Jalalabad including an estimated 1,200 at Tora Bora. It was also reported that Pakistani airplanes were being used to evacuate pro-Taliban Pakistani fighters in Kunduz.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 23, In Britain PM Blair endorsed British adoption of the Euro.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 23, In Belgium the UN war crimes tribunal announced that Slobodan Milosevic, former Yugoslav president, would stand trial on charges of genocide in the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia. Milosevic died in March 2006 while his trial was in progress.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A11)(AP, 11/23/06)
2001        Nov 23, In Brazil an oil pipeline leak near Rio was stopped after some 26,000 gallons spilled into Guanabara Bay.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 23, In Cambodia PM Hun Sen shut down the country’s bars, nightclubs, discos and karaoke parlors. He said they were spawning crime and eroding traditional values. The action followed a series of shootings at nightspots.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.C13)
2001        Nov 23, A crew dug for bodies and survivors under mud after a huge landslide swept over gold miners illegally digging into the side of a mountain in western Colombia, killing at least 28 people.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2001        Nov 23, The Council of Europe ratified the Budapest Convention which allowed one country to give chase, at least electronically, to criminals in another.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.60)(http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Treaties/html/185.htm)
2001        Nov 23, Israeli helicopter gunships near Nablus killed Mahmoud Abu Hanoud, a senior Hamas leader.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 23, Japan said it would send 1,500 troops to help with relief operations in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A7)
2001        Nov 23, In Nepal Maoist rebels killed 14 soldiers and at least 23 police in a wave of attacks. Authorities believed that some 80 rebels were killed in the gun battles.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 23, Spain set terms for extradition of 8 men charged with complicity in the Sep 11 attacks that included trial by a civilian court. 2 policemen were killed in Beasain.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 23, Taiwan announced that it would allow Chinese living abroad to visit as tourists. This relaxed a 50-year ban intended to keep out spies from the Chinese mainland.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 23, In Zimbabwe the Mugabe government accused 6 journalists working for foreign media of aiding terrorism.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A13)

2001        Nov 24, Heavy storms hit the US and at least 12 people were killed in the lower Mississippi valley.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 24, Michelle Lynn Howard (32) was last seen in Atlantic City, NJ. Her body was found two days later lying on the side of the road on Estelle Avenue in the vicinity of Old Landis Avenue about a quarter mile from Interstate 40.
    (NBC News, 11/27/20)
2001        Nov 24, Thousands of Taliban fighters surrendered at Kunduz. A few turned out to be suicide bombers, who killed 5-6 Northern Alliance commanders. Afghan troops captured Salim Ahmen Hamdan in southern Afghanistan in a car with four other alleged al-Qaida associates who exchanged fire with the Afghan troops. Three of the other men in the car, including a son-in-law of Osama bin Laden, were killed. Hamdan, who was sent to Guantanamo, admitted working as bin Laden's driver in Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A1)(NW, 8/26/02, p.22)(AP, 12/5/07)
2001        Nov 24, In Brazil a fire at a dance club in Belo Horizonte killed at least 6 people.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 24, British actress Rachel Gurney (81), who played Lady Marjorie Bellamy on the popular television series "Upstairs Downstairs," died.
    (AP, 11/24/02)
2001        Nov 24, Tens of thousands of Palestinians marched in the West Bank and Gaza city to protest the Israeli killing of Mahmoud Abu Hanoud and 2 assistants. A Palestinian mortar attack killed one Israeli soldier.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A14)(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A9)
2001        Nov 24, In Switzerland a Swiss Crossair Jumbolino Avro RJ-100 crashed with 33 people on board. 24 were killed including American pop singer Melanie Thornton.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/26/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/24/02)
2001        Nov 24, Mathew Hardman (17) killed widow Mabel Leyshon (90) at her home in the north Wales town of Llanfairpwll. Prosecutors later said he wanted to be a vampire. In 2002 Hardman was convicted of fatally stabbing Leyshon, cutting out her heart and drinking her blood.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2001        Nov 25, US marines landed near Kandahar marking the 1st major use of US ground troops in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 25, Scientists at Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Mass., said they created the world’s 1st cloned human embryo, which they let grow for just a few hours. China’s Dr. Lu Guangxiu later claimed that her Xiangya Medical College team had cloned a human embryo 2 years earlier.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/6/02, p.A1)
2001        Nov 25, Taliban troops near Mazar-e-Sharif staged a prison revolt and hundreds were reported killed. 5 Americans were injured by an American bomb and 1 CIA agent, Johnny Michael Spann (32), was reportedly killed.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/27/01, p.A8)(SFC, 11/29/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/10/01, p.31)
2001        Nov 25, Ethiopia sent troops into the northeastern Somali region of Puntland to help Col. Abdullahi Yussuf regain power. Yussuf was overthrown Aug 26 after his 3-year term ended. On Nov 21 Yussuf launched an attack on Garoweh, the capital of Puntland and said it was to crush Islamic terrorists.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Nov 25, In Honduras Pres. elections Ricardo Maduro (50) led polls over Rafael Pineda of the governing Liberal Party. Early returns showed Maduro with a 52% lead.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 25, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a 13-year-old Palestinian youth during a clash in the West Bank. Israeli forces carried out missile strikes in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A9)

2001        Nov 26, President Bush appealed to Congress to outlaw human cloning after scientists in Worcester, Mass., reported they had created the first cloned human embryo.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2001        Nov 26, The US National Board of Economic Research declared that the US has been in a recession since March. The recognized arbiter of when recessions begin and end in the United States, declared that the country had entered a downturn the previous March.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/06)
2001        Nov 26, In Pensacola, Fla., Terry Lee King was murdered and his house set afire. His 2 sons, Derek (14) and Alex (13) confessed to the murder, but later said Rick Chavis (40), a local handyman, killed the father and had gotten the boys to take the blame. Derek and Alex were convicted of 2nd degree murder on Sep 6, 2002. Rick Chavis was acquitted. Derek was sentenced to 8 years in prison and Alex was sentenced to 7 years.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/7/02)(SFC, 11/15/02, p.A8)
2001        Nov 26, The Taliban surrendered the border town of Spinbaldak as US Marines directed air attacks on a column of enemy vehicles. Fighting continued with prisoners at Qala Jangi and most were reported killed along with 40-50 Northern Alliance soldiers.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A1,10)
2001        Nov 26, Former French intelligence chief General Paul Aussaressess testified that the orders he issued to torture and kill prisoners during the Algerian independence war were justifiable acts of duty.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
2001        Nov 26, French and Belgian police arrested 14 people suspected of organizing the Sep 9 assassination of Northern Alliance leader Ahmed Shah Masood. Belgium released 12 of its suspects the next day.
    (WSJ, 11/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A1,12)
2001        Nov 26, Nepal went into a state of emergency as the death toll from recent Maoist rebels attacks mounted to 76.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A6)
2001        Nov 26, A Palestinian suicide bomber sd’d (self destructed) at an Israeli checkpoint on the edge of the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A9)

2001        Nov 27, In Afghanistan the Northern Alliance declared the Taliban prisoner uprising at Qala Jangi crushed after 50 hours.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 27, Afghan factions met in Bonn, Germany, and agreed to give former King Mohammad Zahir Shah a role in a new Afghan government. 4 factions included 11 delegates from the Northern Alliance, 11 from the Rome Group, 3 from exiles in Cyprus, and 3 from exiles in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 27, Muslim holy warriors in Indonesia began a 3 day offensive and seized 5 villages. At least 5 Christians were killed.  Muslim militants drove away security forces in central Sulawesi and there were at least 8 confirmed deaths.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A6)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.E1)
2001        Nov 27, Two Israelis were killed in Afula by 2 Palestinian gunmen, who were killed by police. Another Palestinian gunman killed an Israeli woman near a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip and he was killed by Israeli soldiers.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 27, In Mexico the Nat’l. Human Rights Commission issued a 3,000 page report that acknowledged at least 275 leftists disappeared while in government hands during the 1970s. The names of 74 officials implicated in the forced disappearances were not made public.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 27, The Philippine military reported 25 guerrillas killed along with 1 soldier in Zamboanga. Rebels under Julhambri Missuari, nephew of arrested Gov. Misuari, later released 89 hostages in exchange for safe passage out of Zamboanga.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 27, In South Africa the predominantly white New National Party (NNP) joined into a coalition with the ruling African National Congress (ANC).
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 27, Olaf Stromberg, a Swedish TV journalist, was killed while sleeping in northern Afghanistan during a suspected robbery attempt. He was the 8th journalist slain in the conflict.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A10)(SFC, 11/28/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 28, Dynegy Corp. called off its $8.4 billion merger with Enron and Enron stock fell below $1 in the heaviest single-day trading volume for a NYSE or Nasdaq stock. Enron Corp. collapsed after Dynegy Inc. backed out of a deal to take it over.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)(AP, 11/28/08)
2001        Nov 28, Officials recovered the body of CIA officer Johnny "Mike" Spann from a prison compound in Mazar-e-Sharif after northern alliance rebels backed by U.S. airstrikes and special forces quelled an uprising by Taliban and al-Qaida prisoners.
    (AP, 11/28/02)
2001        Nov 28, Ahmed Abdel-Rahman (35), a top al Qaeda operative and son of the blind sheik linked to the 1993 WTC bombing, was captured by anti-Taliban forces. The Taliban said some 600 people including 450 prisoners were killed in the uprising at Qala Jangi. US bombing continued with intermittent strikes.
2001        Nov 28, French gendarme Gerard Larroude received 8 bullet wounds in the head and throat in an attack by ETA separatists in Pau, but survived the attack. In 2008 Ibon Fernandez de Iradi was found guilty of trying to kill Larroude and was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Antonio Agustin Figal Arranz, a suspected accomplice, was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/29/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/29/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 28, German authorities arrested Mounir El Motassadeq (27), on suspicion of funneling money to the Sep 11 hijackers.
    (SFC, 11/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 28, In Indonesia detectives raided a mansion in Jakarta and arrested Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy Suharto) for plotting the murder of a Supreme Court Judge.
    (SFC, 11/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Nov 28, A UN report on AIDS noted Ukraine as the 1st European nation to report 1% of its adults infected. Rapid spread was noted across Eastern Europe.
    (WSJ, 11/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 28-30, Thousands of Taliban fighters, who had surrendered at Kunduz were shipped by container truck to prison camps at Sheberghan. Up to 960 died enroute, mostly from asphyxiation.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A1)(NW, 8/26/02, p.22)

2001        Nov 29, American warplanes continued to bomb Taliban positions around Kandahar.
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 29, The SEC investigation of Enron Corp. was expanded to include the Anderson Accounting firm.
    (SFC, 1/26/02, p.A15)
2001        Nov 29, George Harrison (b.1943), lead guitarist for the Beatles, died of cancer in LA. His ashes were scattered in the Ganges Dec 4.
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/4/01, p.A2)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)
2001        Nov 29, John Knowles (b.1926), author of the 1959 novel "A Separate Peace," died in Florida at age 75.
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A27)
2001        Nov 29, Int’l. representatives of the diamond industry agreed that all shipments of rough stones must contain certificates of origin.
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A7)
2001        Nov 29, A bomb attack in northern Israel and shootings in the West Bank left 4 Israelis and 3 Palestinians dead.
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 29, The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved a resolution extending for 6 months the U.N. humanitarian program in Iraq and setting the stage for an overhaul of U.N. sanctions against Baghdad the following year. The US and Russia agreed to overhaul the program before the next vote.
    (WSJ, 11/30/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/29/02)

2001        Nov 30, US warplanes continued airstrikes around Kandahar. US Marine and Navy increased to around 1,200.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 30, Gary Leon Ridgway (b.1949) was arrested in connection with 4 of 7 Green River serial killings in Washington state. Four murders were linked to him through DNA and three through paint he used at his job. In 2003 he pleaded guilty to 48 counts of aggravated murder, although the estimates ran much higher. On December 18, 2003, King County Superior Court Judge Richard Jones sentenced Ridgway to 48 life sentences with no possibility of parole and one life sentence, to be served consecutively.
    (AP, 11/30/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Ridgway#Victims)
2001        Nov 30, In Georgia, former DeKalb County Sheriff Sidney Dorsey and two other men were arrested and charged with murder in the slaying of Sheriff-elect Derwin Brown, who had defeated Dorsey in a bitter runoff election. Dorsey was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison; the two other men were acquitted of murder in a separate trial.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2001        Nov 30, Enron executives awarded themselves big bonuses 2 days before the company filed for bankruptcy (Dec 2). They soon reneged on severance pay promised to 4,500 laid-off employees.
    (SFC, 2/6/02, p.A1)
2001        Nov 30, Robert Tools, the first person in the world to receive a fully self-contained artificial heart, died in Louisville, Ky., of complications after severe abdominal bleeding; he had lived with the device for 151 days.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2001        Nov 30, A French court convicted 19 Islamic militants for their role in channeling arms and false Ids to insurgents in Algeria.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A3)

2001        Nov, The 2001 US recession, the 1st since the early 1990s, ended after 8 months according to a 2003 report by the National Bureau of Standards.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.B1)
2001        Nov, Juma Namangani, al-Qaeda member and co-founder of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), died following critical injuries from US bombing in Kunduz, Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, p.F1)
2001        Nov, Ihsan Khan, a Pakistani cab driver in Washington DC, won 1 $55.2 million jackpot. His lump sum payout was over $32.4 million. Khan returned to Pakistan and in 2005 was elected mayor of Batagram, just days before a major earthquake in the area.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A26)
2001        Nov, A treatise by Ayman al Zawahri was smuggled out of Afghanistan. It was published in Dec by an Arabic language newspaper in London.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)
2001        Nov, China’s 4 largest producers of Vitamin C formed the Vitamin C Chapter of the China Chamber of Commerce of Medicines and Health Products.
    (WSJ, 2/10/06, p.A16)

2001        Dec 1, In downtown Jerusalem 2 Palestinian suicide bombers self-destructed and killed 11 others. A car bomb detonated shortly after and another dozen were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A14)(AP, 12/1/02)
2001        Dec 1, In Afghanistan Farida Afzali (21) became the 1st woman in 5 years to enroll at Kabul Univ. Day 56: US bombing continued around Kandahar and over Tora Bora near Kabul, where 3 villages were hit and a number of civilians killed and injured. Air strikes at Khan-I-Merjahuddin killed 48 civilians. Air strikes at Madoo killed 48 civilians.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A14)
2001        Dec 1, In London, England, the Financial Service Authority (FSA) replaced a plethora of financial regulators.
    (Econ, 9/15/07, SR p.9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_Services_Authority)
2001        Dec 1, In Germany 4 Afghan factions continued to work on a 20-member "interim authority."
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A3)
2004        Dec 1, In Indonesia’s Papua Province Filep Karma and Yusak Pakage were arrested for raising the Morning Star flag, a symbol of Papuan independence. In May, 2005, a court sentenced Karma to 15 years in prison and Pakage to 10 years on charges of treason for having “betrayed" Indonesia.
2001        Dec 1 A baby girl was born to Japan's Crown Princess Masako and Crown Prince Naruhito, the royal couple's first child in eight years of marriage; she was later named Aiko.
    (AP, 12/1/02)
2001        Dec 1, In Russia the Union of Unity and Fatherland Party united 3 centrist movements: Unity, Fatherland and All-Russia. Sergei Shoigu, a Putin confidant, was elected head of 3 co-chairmen.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A18)
2001        Dec 1, Taiwan held parliamentary elections. The Nationalist Party lost 42 seats and their majority in the 225-seat legislature. The Democratic Progressive Party of Pres. Chen Shui-bian gained 21 seats. The results forced a new coalition government.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A2)

2001        Dec 2, Nicolas Escude gave France its ninth Davis Cup, defeating Australian Wayne Arthurs in the deciding fifth match.
    (AP, 12/2/02)
2001        Dec 2, US bombers hit Taliban defenses around Kandahar. US strikes at Tora Bora reportedly killed at least 8 civilians.
    (SFC, 12/3/01, p.A9)
2001        Dec 2, Enron Corp. under CEO Kenneth Lay filed for bankruptcy. Employee fury in Nov persuaded Lay to give up a severance package worth about $60 million. From 1999 to 2001 a group of 29 Enron executives sold 17.3 million shares and received $1.1 billion. Days earlier Enron paid $55 million in bonuses to some 500 employees. The Enron top corporate structure was published in 2002.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A12)(SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)(SFC, 2/11/02, p.A12)
2001        Dec 2, An outbreak of Ebola virus hit Gabon with the 1st death in Ekata, about 5 miles from the Congo border. Within weeks at least 15 people died. The virus spread to Congo and movement in the area was restricted.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 2, The weekend’s 3rd Palestinian suicide bomber, Maher Habashi (21), sd’d in Haifa and 15 bus passengers were killed. Hamas took responsibility. Israel warned Arafat of his regime’s annihilation. Arafat condemned the attacks and declared a "state of emergency" in Palestinian territories.
    (SFC, 12/3/01, p.1,3,11)(WSJ, 12/3/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 3, Tom Ridge, dead of Homeland Security, ordered a state of high alert across the US to at least the end of Ramadan in 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 3, Sec. of State Powell met in Romania with officials from 55 nations in a conference on fighting terrorism.
    (WSJ, 12/3/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 3, Gov. Davis of California met with Pres. Fox and Mexican legislators in Mexico City to discuss economic solutions on mutual interests.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 3, In New Jersey Judge Clarkson S. Fisher began jailing striking teachers, who defied his back-to-work order.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 3, Enron took steps to bolster its weak financial footing following its historic bankruptcy filing, arranging $1.5 billion in financing and slashing 4,000 jobs, or 20 percent of its work force.
    (AP, 12/3/02)
2001        Dec 3, Dean Kamen, inventor, unveiled his battery-powered, 12 mph Segway Human Transporter in NYC. Kamen had spent $100 million over the last decade to develop the vehicle. In 2003 Steve Kemper authored "Code Name Ginger," the story of the Segway's development.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A2)(WSJ, 6/17/03, p.D5)
2001        Dec 3, A test US anti-missile launched from Kwajalein atoll in the Marshall Islands successfully hit a dummy warhead from Vandenberg Air Base in California, 4,800 miles away.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 3, Some 3,000 Taliban surrendered at Char Dara, 6 miles west of Kunduz. Pashtuns battled Taliban forces at Kandahar’s airport. The UN evacuated staff at Mazar-e-Sharif due to Northern Alliance infighting.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A1,15)
2001        Dec 3, In Argentina the government put a 90-day partial freeze on bank accounts to help stem a run on banks. Weekly withdrawals were limited to $250.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A12)
2001        Dec 3, Israel struck the West Bank and Gaza Strip and destroyed 3 Palestinian Authority helicopters. In the wake of bombings that killed 26 Israelis, PM Ariel Sharon declared war on terror. Arafat was effectively confined to Ramallah after Israel destroyed his helicopters.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/3/02)(SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

2001        Dec 4, Pres. Bush announced the seizure of assets and records of the Holy Land foundation for Relief and Development based in Richardson, Texas, due to suspected ties with Hamas.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 4, The Bush administration ordered tons of PCBs removed from the upper Hudson River. Dredging was expected to cost GE $500 million.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 4, The US Postal Service reported a $1.7 billion loss for fiscal 2001.
    (WSJ, 12/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 4, The Olympic flame began a 46-state, two-month journey from Atlanta, host city of the 1996 Summer Games, to the opening ceremony of the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Games.
    (AP, 12/4/02)
2001        Dec 4, A. Alfred Taubman of Sotheby’s auction house was convicted of conspiracy with his counterpart at Christie’s in a scheme that netted them some $400 million over the years.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)
2001        Dec 4, The "Goner" computer worm was reported spreading worldwide disguised as a screen saver.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.B1)
2001        Dec 4, Edwin Huffine, US forensic scientist, launched a new DNA ID software program developed with a team of Bosnian experts at the Sarajevo-based Int’l. Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP). The program used kinship analysis.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 4, In Afghanistan US bombing continued at Kandahar and Tora Bora. Baglan and Balkh were noted as a pockets of resistance with up to 3,500 Taliban militiamen. An interim government was scheduled to take power Dec 22.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Dec 4, Israeli troops moved into Palestinian-controlled territory in Ramallah and Nablus and closed off 7 West Bank cities. Israeli warplanes and helicopters bombed at least 8 targets in 5 cities and towns including a police building near Arafat’s headquarters. A police officer and a 15-year-old boy were killed.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A12)(SFC, 12/5/01, p.A1,16)
2001        Dec 4, In South Africa Marike de Klerk (64), former wife of former Pres. F.W. de Klerk, was found stabbed and strangled in her luxury apartment near Cape Town. Police arrested Luyanda Mboniswa (21), a security guard, on Dec 5. The guard confessed Dec 7. In 2003 DNA evidence linked him to the murder.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.A6)(SFC, 12/7/01, p.A6)(SFC, 12/8/01, p.A7)(AP, 4/8/03)
2001        Dec 4, In Sri Lanka the death toll reached 45, since Oct 21, as elections began for a new 225-seat Parliament. Poll violence killed 10 and an army blockade kept some 130,000 minority Tamils from casting ballots. The opposition United National Party won.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 4, The Zimbabwe high court reversed a previous decision and ruled that seizures of white-owned farms are legal. Pres. Mugabe had expanded the court and replaced many of the justices.
    (WSJ, 12/5/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 5, The FBI arrested escaped fugitive Clayton Lee Waagner in St. Louis. Waagner was suspected of mailing as many as 550 anthrax hoax letters to abortion clinics. He was also wanted for bank robbery and other offenses. In 2002 Waagner was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.A13)(WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/26/02, p.A10)
2001        Dec 5, The National Park Service web site was shut down by court order to keep hackers from accessing Indian tribal funds.
    (SFC, 1/5/02, p.A1)
2001        Dec 5, NASA launched space shuttle Endeavour to deliver a new 3-man crew to the Alpha space station. Russian cosmonaut Yuri Onufrienko flew to replace Doug Culbertson as skipper.
    (WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/01, p.A2)
2001        Dec 5, The DJIA gained 129 to finish above 10,000 for the 1st time in 3 months.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)
2001        Dec 5, Marjorie Dabney (70) of Bakersfield, Ca., disappeared from the Dallas-Fort Worth Airport. In 2008 DNA evidence identified her remains, which were found in a field 15 miles from the airport.
    (SFC, 12/8/08, p.A4)
2001        Dec 5, A 2000-pound US bomb killed 3 American Green Berets near Kandahar along with 18 Afghan fighters. 20 Americans were injured along with 18 Afghan fighters including newly appointed Afghan leader Hamid Karzai.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.A1,15)(WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 5, Sir Peter Blake (53) of New Zealand, 2-time America’s Cup winner, was killed on the research vessel Seamaster by gunmen at Macapa, Brazil, near the mouth of the Amazon. 7 men were arrested 2 days later and an 8th was still sought. The final 2 suspects were arrested Dec 9.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/01, p.A2)(SFC, 12/10/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 5, Afghan delegates in Koenigswinter, Germany, signed an agreement for an interim post-Taliban government to begin Dec 22.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/5/02)
2001        Dec 5, In Jerusalem another suicide bomber sd’d outside a hotel and 2 people were injured. Sharon gave Arafat a 12-hour reprieve to arrest those responsible for the attacks.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 5, Russia agreed to cut its oil exports by 150,000 barrels a day to satisfy OPEC demands.
    (WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 6, President George W. Bush dedicated the national Christmas tree to those who died on Sept. 11 and to GIs who died in the line of duty.
    (AP, 12/6/02)
2001        Dec 6, The House of Representatives, by a one-vote margin, gave President Bush more power to negotiate global trade deals.
    (AP, 12/6/02)
2001        Dec 6, Anthrax tainted mail turned up at a sorting site outside the Federal building in Washington DC. It had been received Dec 5.
    (WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 6, In Indiana Robert L. Wissman, an employee of the Nu-Wood Decorative Millwork plant on the edge of Goshen killed manager Greg Oswald, wounded 6 others, and then killed himself. A love triangle was later aid to be the cause.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/8/01, p.A7)
2001        Dec 6, In Afghanistan Mullah Mohammed Omar, the Taliban leader, vowed to surrender Kandahar.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 6, An int’l. team of doctors flew to Congo to investigate the deaths of 17 people with Ebola-like symptoms in Dekese. Ebola was confirmed in Gabon on Dec 9.
    (WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 6, Japan went into recession officially for the 4th time in 10 years as the GDP shrank 0.5%.
    (WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A14)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)
2001        Dec 6, In Nepal the anti-rebel campaign was reported to have left 250 dead since rebel attacks began Nov 23.
    (WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 6, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat continued a roundup of Hamas militants based on a list of 36 suspects provided by Israel. His crackdown on Islamic militants met angry resistance as 1,500 Hamas supporters battled Palestinian riot police outside the home of the group's leader. Israeli warplanes bombed a Gaza police station and 15 Palestinians were wounded.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/6/02)

2001        Dec 7, Americans held services on the 60th anniversary of the Pearl Harbor attack.
    (AP, 12/7/02)
2001        Dec 7, The US called to cut off discussions about enforcing a 1972 Biological Weapons Convention on the final day of a 3-week conference in Geneva. The conference sought binding measures and disbanded in chaos.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 7, The US Senate voted 65 to 33 in a procedural vote to defeat an effort to block an automatic pay raise of 3.4% ($4,900) to $150,000.
    (SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A14)
2001        Dec 7, In New Jersey nearly 230 teachers were ordered freed from jail after their union agreed to end the 9-day strike and go into mediation.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 7, The space shuttle Endeavour docked with the international space station, delivering a new three-member crew to relieve a crew in place since August.
    (AP, 12/7/02)
2001        Dec 7, Jason-1, a satellite for tracking rising sea levels, was launched as a joint US and French effort. Its useful life ended in 2013.
    (SFC, 7/4/13, p.D3)
2001        Dec 7, The U.S. unemployment rate jumped to 5.7 percent in November, the highest in six years.
    (AP, 12/7/02)
2001        Dec 7, In Afghanistan Taliban soldiers fled Kandahar and left the city in chaos. Day 62: Assaults continued around Tora Bora where up to 2,000 bin Laden loyalists were positioned at a mountain redoubt. Aryana Airline made its 1st domestic flight since Oct 7 with a flight from Herat to Kabul.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A1,14)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.E6)
2001        Dec 7, David Astor (b.1912), English newspaper publisher and member of the Astor family, died. Astor had edited the Observer, Britain’s principal source of information from 1948 to 1975. His father had purchased the paper in 1911. In 2016 Jeremy Lewis authored the biography “David Astor."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Astor)(Econ, 2/27/15, p.74)
2001        Dec 7, Statistics Canada reported a jobless increase to 7.5%, the highest level since mid-1999.
    (SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 7, Israeli helicopters fired missiles at a Palestinian security compound in Gaza. Arafat said his forces had arrested 17 of 33 militants wanted by Israel.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 7, Russia and Nato proclaimed a commitment "to forge a new relationship" following a meeting in Brussels.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 7, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga called on Ranil Wickremesinghe, head of the United National Party, to form a government. The UNP promised to pursue peace talks with Tamil rebels.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 8, Nebraska quarterback Eric Crouch was awarded the Heisman Trophy.
    (AP, 12/8/02)
2001        Dec 8, The U.S. Capitol was reopened to tourists after a two-month security shutdown.
    (AP, 12/8/02)
2001        Dec 8, John Walker Lindh, a Taliban soldier from Marin County, Ca., was held at Camp Rhino near Kandahar as a battlefield detainee. He was captured a week earlier following the prison revolt at Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 8, In Ireland the bodies of 8 illegal immigrants, including 3 children, were found in a shipping container in Wexford. 5 people were still alive.
    (SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 8, Israeli police arrested 3 teenagers for creating and spreading the "Goner" computer worm.
    (SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A18)
2001        Dec 8, Malaysian authorities said they would expand a policy of caning illegal immigrants to include 1st-time offenders.
    (SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A18)

2001        Dec 9, The United States disclosed the existence of a videotape in which Osama bin Laden said he was pleasantly surprised by the extent of damage from the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 12/9/02)
2001        Dec 9, US B-52s continued strikes over Tora Bora. A Northern Alliance helicopter crashed and 18 people were killed including 2 Pashtun commanders. The last province under Taliban control, Zabul, was handed over to tribal leaders.
    (SFC, 12/10/01, p.A12)
2001        Dec 9, An Amtrak Acela train killed 3 people on tracks northeast of Philadelphia.
    (WSJ, 12/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 9, The Friendship Bridge linking Afghanistan and Uzbekistan was opened for aid transport.
    (SFC, 12/10/01, p.A12)
2001        Dec 9, In Argentina Domingo Cavallo announced that he would annul $4 million in business tax cuts and push for the release of $1.3 billion IMF loans.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 9, An outbreak of the Ebola virus was confirmed in the Ogoouer Ivindo province of Gabon. 7 deaths were reported.
    (SFC, 12/10/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 9, A suicide bomber injured 9 Israelis in Haifa. Israeli troops killed 4 Palestinian police officers in their cars. Israeli soldiers also killed a Palestinian taxi driver trying to enter Jenin, which was sealed off. 30 suspected militants were arrested in Israeli raids.
    (SFC, 12/10/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 9, In Uganda a gasoline truck crash killed 58 people near Iganga. Many of the victims had tried to gather up fuel when it ignited.
    (WSJ, 12/10/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 10, President Bush told reporters a videotape of Osama bin Laden in which the al-Qaida leader talked happily about the Sept. 11 attacks "just reminded me of what a murderer he is."
    (AP, 12/10/02)
2001        Dec 10, Federal authorities charged Golden State Transportation, a Los Angeles-based bus company, with illegally transporting thousands of undocumented aliens from staging areas near the U.S.-Mexico border. Raids over the last 2 days had picked up 26 of the 32 indicted.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A7)(AP, 12/10/02)
2001        Dec 10, US air strikes continued at Tora Bora and Afghan fighters moved in on al Qaeda defenders in fortified caves.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 10, In Philadelphia a gunman opened fire outside the Great Valley Shopping Center in East Whiteland Township and killed 2 people. A 3rd was wounded.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A9)
2001        Dec 10, It was reported that at least 43 Taliban prisoners had died in shipping containers during a 2-3 day transit from Kunduz to Shibirghan.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A17)
2001        Dec 10, Israeli helicopters fired missiles at a car in Hebron. 2 boys aged 3 & 13 were killed and 7 people were wounded.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 10, In Kenya Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan, an al Qaeda operative, was arrested in Mandera near the Somalia border for involvement in the Aug 7, 1998 US Embassy bombing.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A13)
2001        Dec 10, Secretary-General Kofi Annan accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of himself and the United Nations.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2001        Dec 10, In Venezuela a nation-wide 12-hour work stoppage was planned to protest policies of Pres. Hugo Chavez. Thousands of businesses closed and millions stayed home as Pres. Chavez countered as host of the annual air force show in Caracas.
    (WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A12)(SFC, 12/11/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 11, The US Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates by .25% to 1.75% in the 11th cut this year. The Dow rose 33 to 9888. the Nasdaq 9 to 2001.
    (WSJ, 12/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 11, In the first criminal indictment stemming from Sept. 11, a US grand jury in Virginia charged Zacarias Moussaoui, a French citizen of Moroccan descent, with conspiring to murder thousands in the suicide hijackings. Moussaoui pleaded guilty to conspiracy in 2005 and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (WSJ, 12/12/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/12/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/11/06)
2001        Dec 11, US Federal agents carried out dozens of raids and seized computers in some 27 cities and 21 states suspected of pirating software over the Internet. The "Warez" network of software pirates was targeted.
    (SFC, 12/12/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 11, US bombers continued to hit sites at Tora Bora, Afghanistan, as a deadline for al Qaeda surrender passed.
    (SFC, 12/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 11, A federal appeals court struck a Louisiana law that allowed vocal classroom prayer. The state had passed a 1976 law that required schools to allow a brief time in "silent meditation." In 1992 the wording was changed to "silent prayer or meditation." In 1999 the word "silent" was deleted.
    (SFC, 12/12/01, p.A7)
2001        Dec 11, The chairman of the militant Jewish Defense League, Irv Rubin, and an associate, Earl Krugel, were arrested on suspicion of plotting to blow up a Los Angeles mosque and the office of an Arab-American congressman. Rubin died November 14th, 2002, 10 days after what federal officials described as a suicide attempt in jail.
    (AP, 12/11/02)
2001        Dec 11, The US government approved Swiss food giant Nestle SA's $10.3 billion purchase of Ralston Purina.
    (AP, 12/11/02)
2001        Dec 11, NASA agreed in principle to let Russia’s space agency send Mark Shuttleworth, a South Africa Internet tycoon, to the space station in April for some $20 million.
    (WSJ, 12/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 11, Australia reported that an Australian citizen, David Hicks (26), who had trained with the al Qaeda, had been captured in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/12/01, p.A19)(SFC, 12/15/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 11, China’s official entry to the World Trade Organization (WTO), approved in Qatar on Nov 10, became effective.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.45)(www.china-un.ch/eng/qtzz/wto/t85612.htm)
2001        Dec 11, Israeli helicopter attacks in the Gaza Khan Younis refugee camp killed 3 people and wounded 20.
    (WSJ, 12/12/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/12/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 11, Pakistani officials said 2 nuclear scientists, Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood and Abdul Majid, talked with Osama bin Laden last August in Kabul about nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.
    (SFC, 12/12/01, p.A19)

2001        Dec 12, US federal agents began a crackdown on student visa violations and arrested 10 foreigners in San Diego.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 12, In Los Angeles police arrested Irving David Rubin (56) head of the Jewish Defense League, and Earl Leslie Krugel (59), for plotting to blow up a local mosque. Rubin committed suicide in 2002. In 2005 Krugel was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A3)(SFC, 9/23/05, p.A3)
2001        Dec 12, Ali-al-Marri, a citizen of Qatar, was arrested in Peoria, Ill. He had reportedly entered the USA legally with his wife and five children on 10 September 2001 to pursue post-graduate studies at Bradley Univ. 18 months later, as he was on the verge of trial for credit card fraud and other charges, Pres. Bush declared him an enemy combatant and moved him into military detention. In 2008 the US Supreme Court agreed to decide whether the president may order that people seized in the US be held indefinitely and without criminal charges.
    (www.informationclearinghouse.info/article21383.htm)(WSJ, 12/6/08, p.A1)
2001        Dec 12, Gerardo Hernandez, the leader of a Cuban spy ring, received a life sentence in federal court in Miami for his role in the infiltration of US military bases and the deaths of four Cuban-Americans in 1996.
    (AP, 12/12/02)
2001        Dec 12, David Criswell, director of the Univ. of Houston Space Systems Operations, proposed a "Lunar Solar Power System" to collect solar energy on the moon, convert it to microwaves, and beam it to Earth for electrical power.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 12, A $200 million US Air Force B-1 bomber crashed into the India Ocean near Diego Garcia Island. The 4 crewmen were rescued.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A12)
2001        Dec 12, In Afghanistan al Qaeda fighters at Tora Bora were given a new ultimatum to surrender and turn over their leaders.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 12, Lt. Gen. Abdullah Hendropriyono, the Indonesia intelligence chief, said that a network of al Qaeda training camps were located on Sulawesi Island.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A12)
2001        Dec 12, Palestinian militants detonated bombs beneath an Israeli bus in the West Bank and gunned down passengers as they fled. 10 people were killed. Police killed 1 of 3 militants. Yasser Arafat bowed to long-standing Israeli demands by ordering closed the offices of the militant Hamas and Islamic Jihad. 2 Hamas suicide bombers sd’d near an Israeli settlement in the Gaza Strip and injured 4 others.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A1,17)(AP, 12/12/02)

2001        Dec 13, Pres. Bush gave Russia a formal 6-month advance notice of his decision to withdraw from the 1972 ABM treaty in order to advance his missile-shield plans. China and Russia offered muted criticism.
    (WSJ, 12/13/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 13, US Congress approved a $343.3 billion defense bill.
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 13, The US Defense Dept. released a videotape of Osama bin Laden talking about the Sep 11 attacks. The tape clearly indicated his advance knowledge of the suicide attacks. The tape was found weeks ago in Jalalabad.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A7)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 13, The US military sent in special operations forces into the Tora Bora area to look for al Qaeda leaders.
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 13, Argentine workers staged a strike, the 8th one against the 2-year-old administration of Pres. de la Rua. Unemployment was reported to have risen to 18.3% in October from 16.4% in May.
    (WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A11)
2001        Dec 13, In Belgium some 80,000 antiglobalization protesters rallied in Brussels against  an EU summit set to start the next day.
    (WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 13, The Beijing First Intermediate Court sentenced 6 people to prison for 3 to 12 years for downloading material from the Internet on the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement and passing it along.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 13, In India 5 gunmen and a suicide bomber tried to enter a gate at the parliament building in New Delhi. 6 policemen and the attackers were killed and 18 wounded. The Kashmiri Lashkar-e-Tayyaba separatist group was held responsible. The attack left 14 people dead. In 2006 Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri, was sentenced to death for his involvement in the conspiracy.
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/15/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A14)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.47)
2001        Dec 13, The Israeli government broke off contact with Yasser Arafat and began hitting targets in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Israeli forces destroyed Palestinian TV and radio transmission facilities and divided the Gaza Strip into 3 parts. In Ramallah Israeli soldiers seized the home and family of a Palestinian militia commander.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 14, The US vetoed a UN Security council vote that condemned all "acts of terror" against Israelis and Palestinians.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 14, American and British commandos behind a screen of local Afghan fighters contained the last remnants of al Qaeda forces in the White Mountains of Tora Bora. American Marines occupied Kandahar airport.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A1,16)
2001        Dec 14, The US shipped a load of corn to Cuba, the 1st American food shipment there since 1963.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A8)
2001        Dec 14, European leaders agreed to send 4,000 troops to Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 14, European nations began distributing a "Eurokit" of euro coins in advance of the Jan 1 day when the euro becomes legal tender.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 14, The German parliament approved a plan to shut down all nuclear power plants within 20 years.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A8)
2001        Dec 14, W.G. Sebald (b.1944), German-born British author, died in a car accident. His books included "The Emigrants" (1996) and "The Rings of Saturn" (1998). His novel "Austerlitz" (2001) had just recently been awarded The National Books Critics Award for 2002.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.M4)(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A2)
2001        Dec 14, Israeli troops raided four Palestinian towns and villages in the West Bank, killing eight Palestinians and arresting dozens of suspected militants.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

2001        Dec 15, Evander Holyfield was denied a fifth heavyweight championship when his third fight against John Ruiz was called a draw after 12 rounds in Mashantucket, Conn.
    (AP, 12/15/02)
2001        Dec 15, Anthony Zinni, US envoy to Israel, left after his 20 days in the region failed to produce a cease-fire.
    (SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A14)
2001        Dec 15, With a crash and a large dust cloud, a 50-foot tall section of steel, the last standing piece of the World Trade Center's facade, was brought down in New York.
    (AP, 12/15/02)
2001        Dec 15, EU leaders concluded a 2-day Council at Laeken, Belgium. The adoption of the Laeken Declaration on the Future of Europe, established the European Convention. A constitutional convention was planned. This process was supposed to simplify the EU’s legal architecture. The admittance of 10 new members over the next 2 years was also planned. The EU declared their nascent joint military force operational.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_European_Councils)(WSJ, 12/17/01, p.A14)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.16)
2001        Dec 15, Pierre Henri Bunel, a former French military intelligence officer accused of passing on NATO war plans to Serbian intelligence in 1998, was found guilty of treason and sentenced by a military/civilian tribunal “Tribunal aux armees" (TPA) to five years in jail. In 2013 Serbia awarded a top state medal to Bunel.
    (www.wsws.org/en/articles/2001/12/bun-d21.html)(SFC, 9/6/13, p.A2)
2001        Dec 15, Israeli forces swept into Beit Hanoun in the Gaza Strip and bulldozed houses and police outposts. 6 Palestinians were killed and 50 injured from fighting.
    (SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A14)

2001        Dec 16, Cleveland Browns fans threw thousands of bottles onto the field after officials overturned a last-minute call, a decision that helped the Jacksonville Jaguars win the game 15-10.
    (AP, 12/16/02)
2001        Dec 16, The first U.S. commercial food shipments since 1963 arrived in communist Cuba. The Mexican freighter N.V. Ikon Mazatlan arrived in Cuba with 26,400 tons of American corn a day after 500 tons of American frozen chicken parts were received.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A3)(AP, 12/16/02)
2001        Dec 16, It was reported that all the anthrax spores mailed to Capital Hill were identical to stocks from the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Md. (USAMRIID), maintained since 1980.
    (SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A9)
2001        Dec 16, In Afghanistan 25 bin Laden soldiers were captured and 200 were killed in the Tora Bora region. After 9 weeks of fighting, Afghan militia leaders claimed control of the last mountain bastion of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida fighters. There was no sign of bin Laden.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/16/02)
2001        Dec 16, The Muslim Ramadan season came to an end.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In China a weekend bombing killed 5 people.
    (WSJ, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In Chile a congressional election showed the Coalition for Democracy with 47.8% of the vote vs. 445 for the opposition Alliance for Chile.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 16, In Colombia a 5-day battle over cocaine-producing plantations left up to 44 leftist guerrillas and right-wing paramilitary fighters dead in Antioquia state.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A7)
2001        Dec 16, In Guatemala María Isabel Veliz Franco left home for her job in a clothing store during school break. She never came home. Her body was found two days later in a vacant lot with head wounds, bite marks and signs of abuse. The killing led to the creation in 2016 of the Isabel-Claudina alert, an inter-institutional cooperation mechanism that has helped rescue hundreds of missing women. The other name on the alert system is that of Claudina Velásquez Paiz, a 19-year-old killed in 2005. In 2021 prosecutors said Gustavo Adolfo Bolaños Acevedo (39) was pursuing a relationship with the teenager. When she rebuffed him, he killed her.
    (AP, 2/11/21)
2001        Dec 16, In Iran Abdullah Ramezanzadeh, a Cabinet Secretary, was sentenced to 6 months in jail for "spreading lies" against the conservative Guardian council.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In Italy a state-run home for the disabled burned down near Buccino and 19 patients were killed.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 16, In Madagascar elections were held but no candidate won a majority.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.C12)
2001        Dec 16, The Mexican freighter N.V. Ikon Mazatlan arrived in Cuba with 26,400 tons of American corn a day after 500 tons of American frozen chicken parts were received.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 16, Yasser Arafat appealed for a halt of armed activities and suicide bombings. He accused PM Sharon of waging a "brutal war" against Palestinians.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In Portugal the Social Democratic Party lost heavily to the Socialists in local elections. PM Antonio Guterres resigned following the results.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A7)

2001        Dec 17, The Bush administration announced that the anthrax attacks most likely originated from a domestic source.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 17, Space shuttle Endeavour returned to Cape Canaveral following A 12-day mission for a crew change at the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 17, US Marines raised the Stars and Stripes over the long-abandoned American Embassy in Kabul, inaugurating what U.S. envoy James F. Dobbins promised would be a long commitment to the rebuilding of war-wrecked Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/17/02)
2001        Dec 17, In Afghanistan US Delta forces pursued some 300 al Qaeda fighters in the White Mountains. Mullah Omar was reported to have retreated to the mountains near Baghran.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A1,14)
2001        Dec 17, In Haiti 33 gunmen, ex-members of the disbanded military, attacked the national penitentiary, were rebuffed and moved on to the National Palace. At least 10 people were killed. Opposition buildings were attacked in response. Pres. Aristide called the attack a failed coup. Opposition called the attack a staged event to crush dissent. A captured former soldier later said the attack was a coup attempt and that fellow conspirators included a former colonel and 2 former police chiefs. Former Col. Guy Francois was accused of helping plot the attack and  spent two years in prison for his alleged role despite maintaining his innocence.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/19/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/21/01, p.A3)(AP, 12/17/02)(AP, 9/15/06)
2001        Dec 17, Israel continued military sweeps as Hamas and the Popular Front rejected Arafat’s call to end attacks.
    (WSJ, 12/18/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 18, A federal judge in Philadelphia threw out Mumia Abu-Jamal's death sentence for the 1981 shooting of a Philadelphia police officer and ordered a new sentencing hearing for the former Black Panther alternately portrayed as a vicious cop-killer and a victim of a racist frame-up. Both sides appealed the ruling.
    (SFC, 12/19/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/17/02)
2001        Dec 18, It was reported that malaria scientists have engineered mice that produce vaccine in their milk.
    (WSJ, 12/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 18, Hundreds of al Qaeda and Taliban fighters were reported to have slipped into Pakistan from Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 18, Canada passed the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA).
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.42)(www.justice.gc.ca/eng/antiter/index.html)
2001        Dec 18, Cuba reported that attackers killed a visiting Florida couple, their 8-year-old grandson and 2 others during a highway robbery in Matanzas province.
    (SFC, 12/19/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 18, Yasser Arafat closed 6 Hamas offices in a crackdown on militant groups. Israeli forces arrested 10 Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 12/19/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 18, Eduard Kokoity (b.1964), former champion of the Soviet Union national wrestling team, assumed office as president of South Ossetia. He had won 45% of the votes in the first round of elections on November 18 and 53% in the 2nd round on December 6.
2001        Dec 18, Yemeni troops assaulted tribal forces in the Marib region after local leaders refused to turn over suspected members of al Qaeda. At least 12 people were killed and 22 wounded.
    (SFC, 12/19/01, p.A15)(WSJ, 12/19/01, p.A12)

2001        Dec 19, Comcast Corp. agreed to buy AT&T Broadband as part of an agreement valued at $72 billion.
    (SFC, 12/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 19, The Sep 11 WTC death toll was reduced to 3,000. In 2002 a revised tally put the total dead at 2,795. In 2003 the count was reduced to 2,752.
    (SFC, 12/20/01, p.A15)(WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/9/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/4/02, p.A1)(USAT, 10/30/03, p.7A)
2001        Dec 19, The fires that had burned beneath the ruins of the World Trade Center in New York City for the previous three months were declared extinguished except for a few scattered hot spots.
    (AP, 12/19/02)
2001        Dec 19-24, Christian Michael Longo (27) killed his wife and 3 children. The bodies of Mary Jane Longo and 2-year-old daughter were found in an inlet along the central Oregon coast a week after the bodies of 2 other Longo children were found. Longo was arrested in Mexico Jan 13. Longo was convicted and sentenced to death Apr 16, 2003.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A9)(SFC, 1/16/02, p.A3)(SFC, 4/17/03, p.A10)
2001        Dec 19, In Argentina Pres. de la Rua declared a state of siege as looters ransacked shops and markets in Buenos Aires and across the north. Domingo Cavallo, economy minister, resigned.
    (SFC, 12/20/01, p.A1,3)(WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/21/01, p.A9)
2001        Dec 19, Britain advised the UN that it would lead a security force in Afghanistan and contribute 1,500 soldiers to a force of 5,000.
    (SFC, 12/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Dec 19, In the Comoros Islands troops killed 5 of 13 gunmen who posed as American agents hunting al Qaeda fugitives.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 19, Al Qaeda prisoners in Pakistan revolted and 14 were killed. Another 18 escaped.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 19, In Sri Lanka rebels declared a one-month truce.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 20, Pres. Bush marked the 100-day anniversary of Sep 11 by freezing the assets of 2 Pakistan-based groups suspected of terrorist support.
    (WSJ, 12/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 20, It was reported that the US economy showed nascent signs of recovery.
    (WSJ, 12/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 20, Bio-Rad Labs and 3 large licensees were reported to have little incentive to sell a rapid AIDS test domestically because they already dominated the slower lab-based testing market.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 20, Microsoft admitted its new Windows X-P operating system software was vulnerable to hacking.
    (AP, 12/20/02)
2001        Dec 20, It was reported that researchers had identified red wine pigments (polyphenols) as a factor in inhibiting the production of a peptide that stimulates hardening of the arteries.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 20, Comedian Foster Brooks, known for his "Lovable Lush" fake drunk act, died in Encino, Calif., at age 89.
    (AP, 12/20/02)
2001        Dec 20, In Afghanistan the 1st int’l. peacekeeping forces arrived from Britain as the U.N. Security Council authorized a multinational force for Afghanistan. A grenade attack in Mazar-e-Sharif market wounded some 35-100 people. US air strikes at Asmani and Pokharai killed about 50 civilians.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A24)(WSJ, 12/21/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/02)
2001        Dec 20, Argentine President Fernando De la Rua resigned, hours after his economy minister, following two days of anti-government unrest that left 22 people dead and more than 200 injured. The foreign debt stood at $132 billion.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/02)
2001        Dec 20, It was reported that Adnan Ihsan Saeed al-Haideri, a defector from Iraq, said he worked on renovations of secret facilities for biological, chemical and nuclear weapons in Iraq before fleeing a year ago.
    (SFC, 12/20/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 20, Following a 3-day lull Palestinian police in Gaza clashed with Hamas supporters and one Palestinian was killed. Another died in a gunfight with Israeli troops in the West Bank.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 20, Leopold Sedar Senghor (b.1906), poet and former president of Senegal (1960-1980), died in France at age 95.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A34)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)
2001        Dec 20, In Zimbabwe 2 opposition officials, Milton Chambati (45) and Titus Neya (50) were killed west of Harare. Youth leader Trymore Midzi was assaulted the next day and died Dec 24.
    (SFC, 12/25/01, p.A20)

2001        Dec 21, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Nazarbayev of Kazakstan and signed documents "related to transportation connections."
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 21, President Bush signed the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001, which required the African nation to adopt land ownership protections in order to continue receiving U.S. aid.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A5)(AP, 12/21/02)
2001        Dec 21, US warplanes attacked a convoy of trucks heading for the Pakistan border and 65 people were reported killed. 12 were killed in the convoy and 15 in nearby villages. The convoy was said to be heading for Kabul.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A19)(SFC, 12/29/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 21, Pennsylvania Gov. Mark Schweiker announced an agreement on a state takeover of the Philadelphia school system. Plans called Edison Schools Inc. to help run the district.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 21, Pfizer agreed to settle a suit over the diabetes drug Rezulin after a jury awarded $43 million to a Texas woman who said it destroyed her liver.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 21, Dick Schaap (b.1934), Emmy-winning sports broadcaster and author, died in New York at age 67.
    (AP, 12/21/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.111)
2001        Dec 21, In Kabul, Afghanistan, power was officially transferred from Pres. Rabbani to Hamid Karzai.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 21, In Argentina Ramon Puerta, head of the Senate, became president following an extraordinary session of both houses.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 21, In Bulgaria at least 7 young people were killed when they rushed the entrance of a Sofia downtown disco.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 21, India recalled its top envoy from Pakistan and suspended bus and train service between the 2 countries.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 21, Six Palestinian teenagers were killed in skirmishes with the Palestinian Authority. Hamas called a halt to suicide bombings and mortar attacks.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A12)(AP, 12/21/02)

2001        Dec 22, It was reported that a new "thermobaric" bomb had been developed by the Pentagon for use in caves and tunnels. The BLU-118b was capable of destroying a tunnel’s contents without collapsing the tunnel mouth.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.A19)
2001        Dec 22, Passengers and flight attendants subdued Richard Colvin Reid on AA Flight 63 from Paris to Miami. He appeared to have explosive materials in his shoes. The flight was diverted to Boston and the FBI confirmed that his shoes were packed with explosives. Reid had trained with lashkar-e-Taiba. French police identified the man as Tariq Raja (28), a Sri Lankan traveling on a British passport. The sneakers contained pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and triacetone triperoxide (TATP). On Jan 30, 2003 Reid was sentenced to life in prison. A 2nd plot involved Saajid Badat, who backed out of similar plan on a different flight. In 2005 a British judge sentenced Badat (25) to 13 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A1,6)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/23/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)
2001        Dec 22, A cloned cat named CC (Carbon Copy) was born following a year of experimentation by scientists at Texas A&M scientists. The $3.7 million  research project was funded by John Sperling (81), founder of the Univ. of Phoenix. Sperling soon formed the Sausalito firm Genetic Savings to clone pets.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A1)(SFC, 2/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/6/04, p.A14)
2001        Dec 22, Hamid Karzai was sworn in as prime minister of Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/22/02)
2001        Dec 22, A fishing boat from North Korea, suspected of spying, exchanged fire with Japanese coast vessels and sank after a 6-hour chase. 15 crewmen were lost. 2 bodies were later recovered. North Korea later denied any links to the fishing boat and accused Japan of a "smear campaign."
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A15)(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/27/01, p.A5)

2001        Dec 23, Time magazine named Mayor Rudolph Giuliani as Person of the Year.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A2)
2001        Dec 23, It was reported that Hazrat Ali, an Afghanistan eastern alliance commander, had negotiated a deal to release al Qaeda troops in the Tora Bora region. The new cabinet met in Kabul for the 1st time.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A20)(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A10)
2001        Dec 23, In Argentina Adolfo Rodriguez Saa, governor of San Luis province, was sworn in as the new interim president until elections on March 3. He said he would not devalue the peso. Saa said he would suspend payment on the foreign debt.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A13)(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 23, The Union of Comoros was saved by a new constitution which gave each island its own president.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)(www.worldstatesmen.org/Comoros.html)
2001        Dec 23, India troops moved closer to the Pakistani border and heavy fire was exchanged. 2 Indian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 23, In Israel Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Ahmen Qureia, speaker of the Palestinian parliament, drafted a new Middle East peace plan that called for Israel to recognize a Palestinian state within 8 weeks.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 23, Israel barred Yasser Arafat from making his annual Christmas Eve visit to Bethlehem, the traditional birthplace of Jesus.
    (AP, 12/23/02)
2001        Dec 23, In Nigeria Bola Ige (71), justice minister and  attorney general, was shot and killed at his home in Ibadan, Osun state. Pres. Obasanjo sent troops to Ibadan.
    (SFC, 12/25/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 23, In the Philippines police rescued a Canadian hostage, Pierre Belanger (51), held for 2 months by the Pentagon gang in the village of Buena Vista.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 23, Sri Lanka's Premier traveled to India to press for greater involvement in peace talks with the Tamil rebels.
    (WSJ, 12/24/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 24, Officials said President Bush had created a formal line of succession at several key federal agencies in case a Cabinet secretary were to be killed or incapacitated.
    (AP, 12/24/02)
2001        Dec 24, A West Virginia woman kidnapped 16-month-old Jasmine Anderson from a Chicago bus station in order to pass the child off as her own; Sheila Matthews and Jasmine were found by FBI agents three days later in West Virginia. Matthews was later sentenced to more than 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/24/02)
2001        Dec 24, In Afghanistan Hamid Karzai and Defense Minister Mohammed Fahim named Gen. Rashid Dostum as deputy defense minister.
    (SFC, 12/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 24, In Argentina Pres. Saa planned a new works program to create a million jobs.
    (SFC, 12/25/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 24, Patrick Manning (1926-2016) began serving as the 4th prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago and continued to 2010.

2001        Dec 25, From Mazar-e-Sharif to Kandahar in Afghanistan and the USS Theodore Roosevelt in the Arabian Sea, American forces celebrated Christmas with carols, touch football and turkey dinners.
    (AP, 12/25/02)
2001        Dec 25, India and Pakistan armies exchanged artillery fire in the mountains of Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 25, Arab gunmen ambushed Israeli troops along the Jordan border. One Israeli soldier was killed along with 2 of the gunmen. Israel lifted a blockade around Jericho.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 25, Burundi Maj. Gen. Gahiro reported that 515 Hutu rebels and 28 soldiers had been killed in the Tenga region since Nov 26. He said fighting the area was liberated but that fighting continued.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A8)
2001        Dec 25, Salman Raduyev, a Chechen warlord, was sentenced by a Russian court to life in prison for terrorism and murder.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A4)
2001        Dec 25, Grigory Pasko (39), Russian military journalist, was sentenced to 4 years in prison plus credit for time served for passing state secrets to Japan. He had reported on the Russian navy practice of ocean-dumping old weapons and nuclear waste. In 2002 the Supreme Court struck down the 1996 military secrecy order used to convict Pasko. In 2002 a military court upheld the verdict.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A5)(SFC, 2/13/02, p.A16)(SFC, 6/26/02, p.A10)
2001        Dec 25, In his traditional "Urbi et Orbi" message, Pope John Paul II turned his thoughts at Christmas to children — Palestinian, Israeli, American, Afghan and African — declaring that humanity's hope depends on helping them.
    (AP, 12/25/02)

2001        Dec 26, The Al Jazeera Arab network broadcast a new video-taped statement from Osama bin Laden that appeared to have been made in late Nov or early Dec. "Our terrorism is benign." The al-Qaida leader condemned the United States as a nation that committed crimes against millions of Afghans.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/25/02)
2001        Dec 26, Argentina planned a new currency, the argentino, to circulate along with the peso and dollar.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 26, In Brazil rescue workers searched for victims of earth slides and flooding that killed at least 49 people in Rio de Janeiro state.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 26, Actor Sir Nigel Hawthorne (72) died in Hertfordshire, England.
    (AP, 12/25/02)
2001        Dec 26, In France some 550 Iraqi Kurds, Afghans, Iranians and other refugees from the Sangatte Red Cross center near the 33-mile Channel Tunnel attempted to reach asylum in Britain. All were captured by French police.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A4)(AP, 12/25/02)
2001        Dec 26, India deployed missile batteries and increased jet fighter patrols along its border with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 26, Israeli troops shot dead 1 Palestinian, Walid Saadi (50), in Jenin while in pursuit of gunmen. Some border restrictions were eased.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A4)

2001        Dec 27, Pres. Bush permanently normalized trade relations with China.
    (WSJ, 12/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, The US announced plans to hold Taliban and al Qaeda prisoners at the Guantanamo Bay naval base in Cuba.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, US warplanes destroyed a compound in eastern Afghanistan believed used by a Taliban intelligence chief. Local villagers said as many as 40 civilians were killed. Qari Ahmadullah (40), former Taliban chief of intelligence, was killed while fleeing US bombardment near Naka village in Paktia province.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A22)(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, In NYC a van lurched out of control in Herald Square at 34th ST. and 6th Ave. and killed 6 pedestrians. A 7th died the next day.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 27, In El Salvador forensic scientists found human bones buried under the national police headquarters. The were believed to belong to people who disappeared during the 1980s civil war.
    (WSJ, 12/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, India banned Pakistan’s national airline from entering its airspace and ordered Pakistan to withdraw half of its diplomats from New Delhi. Pakistan followed suite.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(AP, 12/27/02)
2001        Dec 27, In Israel defense minister Gen. Binyamin Ben-Eliezer (65) took over leadership of the Labor Party. Israeli troops raided Palestinian territory for a 2nd day and arrested 7 suspected militants.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 27, Zambia held national elections. Early returns showed a virtual tie between Levy Mwanawasa of the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy and Anderson Mazoka (d.2006) of the United Party for National Development. Mwanawasa won with 29% of the vote.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A21)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.43)(Econ, 6/17/06, p.56)

2001        Dec 28, A WSJ editorial pointed out how the IMF systematically impoverished foreigners and suggested how it might promote growth.
    (WSJ, 12/28/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 28, The US consumer confidence index rose to 93.7% from 84.9% in Nov, the 1st gain in 6 months.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 28, The FDA informed ImClone Corp. that its application for the cancer drug Erbitux would not be accepted. The stock had fallen 8.4% the previous day and sellers included Martha Stewart (3,928 shares), and ImClone insiders including Sam Waksal and family members.
    (WSJ, 6/19/02, p.A8)
2001        Dec 28, Buffalo, NY, dug out from a 5-day storm that left nearly 7 feet of snow.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 28, In Pennsylvania a 30-50 car crash on snow-slickened I-80 left 5 people dead near Williamsport. Another 50 cars were involved in 2 pileups that left at least 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 28, Lawrence Singleton (74), rapist, died at a Florida prison hospital where he was awaiting execution for a 1997 murder. Singleton had raped Mary Vincent (15) in 1978 and chopped off her forearms. He was paroled in 1987.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A1)
2001        Dec 28, Gen. Mohammad Fahim, Afghanistan’s new defense minister, called for an end to US bombing. Meanwhile al Qaeda remnants in the Tora Bora region fired missiles at a joint Afghan-American command base.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 28, In Argentina thousands of people flooded banks as the government eased a 5-day bank holiday. Demonstrations ensued and riot police used rubber bullets and tear gas to quell violence at the Government House known as Casa Rosada.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 28, In Australia bush fires reached within 12 miles of Sidney. Some 150 home were already destroyed by over 100 fires across new South Wales. 80% of the Royal National Park had burned. A number of blazes were due to arson, and 3 teenagers and 2 men had been arrested.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 28, The EU expanded its list of terrorist organizations to include Irish, Basque, Greek and Middle Eastern extremist groups.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A11)
2001        Dec 28, Israeli troops killed a suspected Palestinian bomber in the Gaza Strip. The blockade of Bethlehem was eased. The body of a Jewish settler, missing for over a week, was found in a West Bank cave near the village of Jaba.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 28, Japan’s Nikkei closed at its lowest year-end mark since 1983: 10,542.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.B1)
2001        Dec 28, Pakistan arrested some 50 leading members of 2 Islamic militant groups: Lashkar-e-Tayyaba and Jaish-e-Mahammed.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 29, US airstrikes in Afghanistan’s Paktia province were later reported to have killed up to 100 villagers.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A6)
2001        Dec 29, Thousands of Antarctic penguins were reported dead or dying due to giant icebergs that cut the birds off from their food supply.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A2)
2001        Dec 29, In Argentina at least 12 police officers were injured during protests in Buenos Aires. The entire cabinet offered to step down.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A12)
2001        Dec 29, A fireworks shop exploded and caused a fire in downtown Lima that spread over 4 downtown blocks. At least 290 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A12)(SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A1)
2001        Dec 29, Philippine troops raided a camp of Muslim rebels linked to Osama bin Laden and killed 13.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 30, Rev. Jack Brock of the Christ Community Church and his wife Sharon burned Harry Potter books in Alamogordo, NM, after calling them "a masterpiece of satanic deception."
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A2)
2001        Dec 30, Ralph Sutton (79) stride pianist, died in Aspen, Colo. He was a founding member of the World’s Greatest Jazz Band (1968-1975).
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)
2001        Dec 30, Four Afghan soldiers were killed near Herat as they stacked boxes of ammunition.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 30, In Argentina Pres. Saa resigned after one week in office. Senate leader Ramon Puerta resigned his post so as not to become interim president again. Eduardo Camano, Peronist lawmaker, was next in line. Saa returned to San Luis province and with his brother began producing films with financing from the San Luis Ministry of Progress.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A1)
2001        Dec 30, Colombia seized $41 million in counterfeit US currency.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 30, Israeli forces killed 6 Palestinians in 2 incidents in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 30, Pakistan arrested Hafiz Saeed, leader of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba (Army of the Pure) as India moved more troops to the border.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 30, Russian troops mounted an offensive south of Grozny after 6 Russian soldiers were killed by rebels.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 30, In South Africa an open truck carrying families on a pilgrimage to ancestral graves, overturned on a steep hill and 48 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A7)

2001        Dec 31, Notre Dame tapped Tyrone Willingham to be its football coach, replacing George O'Leary, who'd resigned because of misstatements about his academic and athletic achievements on his resume; Willingham became the first black head coach in any sport for the Irish.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2001        Dec 31, The US designated 6 more entities as suspected terrorist organizations. 5 groups were active in the UK, the 6th was active in Spain. Lashkar-e-Taiba was designated a Foreign Terrorist Organization.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)
2001        Dec 31, It was reported that federal pay raises ranged from 4.5 to 5.4% with the largest increase going to workers in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 31, The US planned to deploy elements of the 101st Airborne Division to replace Marines near Kandahar. US troops moved by helicopter to Helmand province, the region where Mohammed Omar was suspected to be.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 31, New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani spent his final day in office praising police, firefighters, and other city employees, and said he had no regrets about returning to private life. In 2005 Fred and Harry Siegel authored “Prince of the City," an account of the Giuliani’s years as mayor of NYC.
    (AP, 12/31/02)(WSJ, 6/23/05, p.D8)
2001        Dec 31, Actress Eileen Heckart died in Norwalk, Conn., at age 82.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2001        Dec 31, In Caracas, Venezuela, street vendors began selling pre-recorded CDs of banging pots to help drown out the long-winded speeches of Pres. Chavez. Earlier protests included the banging of pots and pans and became known as "cacerolazes." Approval ratings for Chavez had dropped from 80% to just over 50% in recent months.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A2)
2001        Dec 31, Pakistani high command planned to pull some 50,000 troops off the Afghan border and redeploy them along the India border.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)
2001        Dec 31, It was reported that Zimbabwe planned to publish the names of nearly 100,000 black citizens to be given portions of some 20 million acres of now farmland owned by whites.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec, Pres. Bush began meeting with Gen. Tommy Franks and his war cabinet to plan a US attack on Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/17/04, p.A1)
2001        Dec, Ayman al-Zawahiri (b.1951), Egypt-born co-founder of al-Qaida, published his memoir “Knights Under the Prophet’s Banner."
2001        Dec, In Afghanistan US air strikes in late Dec. at Niazi Qala killed 52 civilians.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A14)
2001        Dec, Argentina halted payments on its $88 billion in bonds. In 2005 Paul Blustein authored “And the Money Kept Rolling In (And Out)," an account of 2001 the debt moratorium.
    (WSJ, 1/14/04, p.A1)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.82)
2001        Dec, William Stobie, former British soldier and police informer, was shot dead in Belfast. He was the only man charged in connection with the 1989 murder of Patrick Finucane.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A3)
2001        Dec, Airbus announced the development of a huge double-decker jet, the A-380, capable of carrying up to 1,000 passengers.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)
2001        Dec, In Honduras a team of officers, reportedly under orders from regional police chief Juan Carlos Bonilla Valladares, tracked down and killed Angel Maria Romero, the suspected leader of a kidnapping gang.
    (AP, 6/1/12)
2001        Dec, In Indonesia Muslim and Christian leaders signed a peace accord in the Sulawesi town of Malino.
    (Econ, 9/11/04, p.40)
2001        Dec, Oscar Wyatt (81), chairman of Coastal Corp., agreed to a surcharge of about $200,000 to be paid to bank account in Jordan controlled by officials of Iraq’s State Oil Marketing Organization. This was in violation of the UN’s oil-for-food program. Wyatt was arrested in 2005 at his home in Houston. In 2007 Wyatt was sentenced to over a year in jail after admitting approval of the surcharge.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.B10)
2001        Dec, Ahmed Agiza and fellow Egyptian Muhammed Alzery were handed over to US agents at Bromma Airport in Stockholm and taken to Egypt, where they were tortured as a result. Alzery was released in 2003 without standing trial, while Agiza was convicted of planning to overthrow the Egyptian government and sentenced to 15 years in prison. He was freed by Egyptian authorities last year.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2001        Dec, Nazi war criminal Alois Brunner (89), responsible for the deaths of an estimated 130,000 Jews, died and was buried in the Al-Affif cemetery in Damascus, Syria. Brunner had been practically under house arrest in his apartment in the diplomatic quarter of Damascus from 1989. These details were reported by a French magazine in 2017.
    (AFP, 1/11/17)
2001        Dec, The World Bank approved $175 million in financing for the construction of a $550 million power project on the Nile River in Uganda by AES Corp. of Arlington, Va. The African Development Bank was to provide an additional $55 million. Some $370 million in loans were suspended in June, 2002, over an alleged 1999 bribe to an Ugandan official.
    (WSJ, 7/3/02, p.A4)

2001        Michael Richards, sculptor and victim in the 9/11 WTC, completed his sculpture "Tar Baby vs. St. Sebastian." The work was based on a body cast of the artist and featured his figure pierced with airplanes." It was created as a tribute to the Tuskegee Airmen of WW II.
    (SFC, 12/4/03, p.F3)

2001        David Allen authored “Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress Free Productivity."
2001        Stephen Ambrose authored "The Wild Blue," an account of the men who flew B-24 bombers during WW II.
    (WSJ, 8/24/01, p.W8)
2001        Jack Beatty edited "Colossus," an account of the rise of the corporation and its impact on America.
    (WSJ, 4/11/01, p.A16)
2001        Benson Bobrick authored "Wide As the Waters," a popular history of the English Bible and Reformation.
    (WSJ, 4/4/01, p.A18)
2001        Gray Brechin authored “Imperial San Francisco: Urban Power, Earthly Ruin."
2001        Jean-Charles Brisard and Guillaume Dasquie authored “Forbidden Truth: U.S.-Taliban Secret Oil Diplomacy and the Failed Hunt for Bin Laden." The book contained false defamatory allegations about Sheikh Khalid Bin Mahfouz and Sheikh Abdulraahman Bin Mahfouz alleging support for terrorism. In 2006 the authors issued a public apology. The apology also covered Brisard’s 22002 report entitled “Terrorism Financing."
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.47)
2001        Marcus Buckingham and Donald Clifton (1924-2003) authored “Now Discover Your Strengths."
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.72)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_O._Clifton)
2001        Stephen Cohen authored “India: Emerging Power."
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.94)
2001        Jim Collins authored “Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap… and Others Don’t." The book that became a business management classic. He used a team of 21 business students from the Univ. of Colorado to study 11 companies. His 1994 book “Built to Last" sold over a million copies.
    (USAT, 5/18/04, p.B1)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.76)
2001        William Easterly, a member of the World Bank, authored "The Elusive Quest for Growth," an analysis of economic growth.
    (WSJ, 7/18/01, p.A16)
2001        Dave Eggers authored the memoir “A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius." He used the proceeds to establish a SF publishing house named “McSweeneys."
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.75)
2001        Barbara Ehrenreich authored "Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America." It focused on the difficulties of living on unskilled wages.
    (SFC, 8/13/01, p.A17)
2001        Cynthia Eller authored "The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory."
    (WSJ, 4/20/01, p.W17)
2001        Niall Ferguson authored "The Cash Nexus," in which he argued that political events and institutions often dominate economic development.
    (WSJ, 3/29/01, p.A12)
2001        John O. Fox authored "If Americans Really Understood the Income Tax."
    (WSJ, 4/16/01, p.A16)
2001        James Franklin authored "The Science of Conjecture: Evidence and Probability before Pascal.
    (WSJ, 7/23/01, p.A13)
2001        Jonathan Franzen authored his novel “The Corrections." It spent 29 weeks on the New York Times bestseller list and won the 2001 National Book Award.
    (Econ, 8/28/10, p.72)
2001        Todd Gitlin authored "Media Unlimited: How the Torrent of Images and Sounds Overwhelms Our Lives."
    (WSJ, 3/6/02, p.A14)
2001        Bernard Goldberg authored “Bias: A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distort the News."
    (WSJ, 1/21/06, p.P11)
2001        Larry Goodson authored "Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics and the Rise of the Taliban."
    (WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A22)
2001        John Steele Gordon authored "The Business of America," a collection of his columns from American Heritage Magazine.
    (WSJ, 8/14/01, p.A12)
2001        Andrew S. Grove, former head of Intel, authored "Swimming Across," a biography that covers his early years and arrival to America.
    (WSJ, 11/9/01, p.W8)
2001        The new Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (NG2) was published in a 29 volume reference set ($4850). The 1st 1980 edition had 20 volumes.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, DB p.49)
2001        David Halberstam authored "War in a Time of Peace: Bush, Clinton and the Generals." It covered the ethnic violence in Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
    (SSFC, 9/23/01, DB p.60)
2001        Donna Halper, Boston-based historian and radio consultant, authored “Invisible Stars: A Social History of Women in American Broadcasting."
2001        Paul Halpern authored "The Pursuit of Destiny." It traced the predictive efforts of science and other disciplines through history.
    (WSJ, 1/10/01, p.A20)
2001        Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri authored “Empire," a disquisition on globalization and its discontents. In 2004 they authored the sequel “Multitude."
    (WSJ, 8/3/04, p.D8)
2001        Jeffrey Hart authored "Smiling Through the Cultural Catastrophe." It was an examination of the Western culture and tradition. "The mind of the West was born amid tension and contradiction and draws strength from refusing to be either-or but rather both-and."
    (WSJ, 9/25/01, p.A16)
2001        Laura Hillenbrand authored her best selling book “Seabiscuit," the story of the champion race horse (1933-1947).
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seabiscuit)
2001        Dr. Julie Holland authored "Ecstasy: The Complete Guide." The drug was being touted as a potential anti-depressant.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Ricky Jay, magician and actor, published his "Jay’s Journal of Anomalies," a concentrated form of his "Jay’s Journal of Anomalies."
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.M2)
2001        Philip Jenkins authored "Hidden Gospels: How the Search for Jesus Lost Its Way," in which he examines the motives and methodologies of radical biblical scholars.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A16)
2001        Vernon E. Jordon Jr., former Urban League president and NAACP director, authored his memoir "Vernon Can Read."
    (WSJ, 11/21/01, p.A12)
2001        Hal Kane authored "Triumph of the Mundane: The Unseen Trends That Shape Our Lives and Environment."
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, BR p.5)
2001        David Kessler, former FDA commissioner, authored "A Question of Intent." He called for the dismantling of the tobacco industry.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.A12)
2001        Ruth Kluger (1931-2020), holocaust survivor, authored "Still Alive: A Holocaust Girlhood Remembered."
    (SSFC, 10/18/20, p.C12)
2001        Nancy F. Koehn authored "Brand New," a history and biography of property branding. Her essays covered Josiah Wedgwood, Estee Lauder, Marshall Field, Howard Shultz, Michael Dell, H.J. Heinz.
    (WSJ, 4/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Michael Korda, editor in chief of Simon & Shuster, authored "Making the List: A Cultural History of the American Best Seller."
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Tomas Larsson authored "The Race to the Top: The Real Story of Globalization."
    (WSJ, 12/5/01, p.A18)
2001        Mark Lilla authored "The Reckless Mind: Intellectuals in Politics."
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A20)
2001        David Limbaugh authored "Absolute Power: The Legacy of Corruption in the Clinton-Reno Justice Department."
    (WSJ, 5/22/01, p.A24)
2001        Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, authored “The Feast of the Goat," a portrayal of the last days of the Trujillo regime in the Dominican Republic.
    (WSJ, 9/1/07, p.P9)
2001        Bjorn Lomborg authored "The Skeptical Environmentalist" in which he presents data that shows the environment to be improving.
    (WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A17)
2001        Myron Magnet edited "Modern Sex: Liberation and Its Discontents."
    (WSJ, 10/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Ian McEwan, a British writer, authored his novel “Atonement." In 2007 it was made into a film starring James McAvoy and directed by Joe Wright.
    (SFC, 12/4/07, p.E1)
2001        Darrin M. McMahon authored "Enemies of the Enlightenment: The French Counter-Enlightenment and the Making of Modernity."
    (WSJ, 11/1/01, p.A19)
2001        Ed Michaels, Helen Handfield-Jones and Beth Axelrod of McKinsey authored “The War for Talent," a directive to management to recruit and promote the best available talent.
    (Econ, 10/7/06, Survey p.3)
2001        Walter Russell Mead authored "Special Providence," a study of why American foreign policy is so successful. He posits 4 factions responsible for shaping policy: Hamiltonians: who see the 1st task of the American government as promoting the health of American enterprise at home and abroad. Wilsonians: who think that the US has both a moral and a practical duty to spread its values throughout the world. Jeffersonians: who argue the US should perfect its own democracy and not go abroad. Jacksonians: who believe that the US should not seek out foreign quarrels, but should clobber anyone who messes with it.
    (WSJ, 11/29/01, p.A16)
2001        Jacob Needleman, philosophy prof. at SF State Univ., authored "The American Soul: Rediscovering the Wisdom of the Founders."
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, p.M2)
2001        Andy Oram edited "Peer-To-Peer," a collection of articles by 24 specialists on the computing power of shared computers.
    (WSJ, 4/12/01, p.A15)
2001        Marc Prensky authored “Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants," in which he argued that students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, TQ p.10)
2001        Sumner Redstone, CEO of Viacom, co-wrote his memoir with Peter Knobler "A Passion To Win."
    (WSJ, 6/8/01, p.W11)
2001        Arundhati Roy authored "Power Politics." It covered dam development in India and included the role of Enron Corp. in Maharashtra state projects.
    (PP, 2001)
2001        Richard Russo of Camden, Maine, authored his novel "Empire Falls." He won a Pulitzer prize for the work in 2002.
    (SFC, 6/28/02, p.D18)
2001        Eric Schlosser authored “Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal."
    (SSFC, 8/8/04, p.M2)
2001        Daniel Schorr, newsman, authored his memoir "Staying Tuned: A Life in Journalism."
    (WSJ, 5/2/01, p.A30)
2001        Jack Shaheen (1935-2017) authored “Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a people."
    (SFC, 7/14/17, p.D5)
2001        David Sinclair authored "The Pound: A Biography."
    (WSJ, 1/15/01, p.A21)
2001        Bradley A. Smith authored "Unfree Speech," a defense of the First Amendment.
    (WSJ, 4/9/01, p.A26)
2001        George Soros, financier, authored "Open Society," a synthesis of his economic views.
    (WSJ, 1/09/01, p.A20)
2001        Thomas Sowell authored "Basic Economics."
    (WSJ, 3/22/01, p.A20)
2001        Ronald H. Spector authored "At War At Sea," a history of naval warfare in the 20th century.
    (WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A20)
2001        Stuart Stevens authored "The Big Enchilada," an account of the 2000 George W. Bush presidential campaign.
    (WSJ, 8/20/01, p.A13)
2001        Ian Stewart authored "Flatterland," a tour of the mysteries of advance math and physics.
    (WSJ, 5/18/01, p.W13)
2001        Barry Werth authored “The Scarlet Professor." It was an account of 1960s scandal involving Prof. Raymond Joel Dorius (19019-2006) of Smith College in Massachusetts over magazines in his possession depicting nude males.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.B7)

2001        Shakira, Colombian pop star, made a hit with her “Laundry Service" album, mostly in English, selling 13 million copies. Her previous 4 albums in Spanish sold some 12 million copies.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.62)

2001        Elton John composed his opera "Aida" with lyrics by Tim Rice.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.E1)

2001        The Zumba dance program, a type of cardio exercise, was begun in Miami by Colombia-born Alberto Perez with his sales of dance fitness DVDs.
    (SSFC, 2/13/11, p.E4)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwVdBH4vjLU)

2001        The first commercial alternate reality game (ARG), called “The Beast," was produced as part of a promotional campaign for Steven Spielberg’s film “A.I.: Artificial Intelligence."
    (Econ, 3/7/09, TQ p.16)

2001        Lawrence Lessig (46), Stanford professor and cyberlaw expert, founded Creative Commons, which offered an alternative to standard copyrights through various gradations of permission for use. Creative Commons (CC) licensing was founded by Lawrence Lessig, Hal Abelson, and Eric Eldred with support of the Center for the Public Domain. It was devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, p.31)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creative_Commons)

2001        Jacqueline Novogratz set up the Acumen Fund, a “social venture capital" outfit. The fund took donations from philanthropists and lent or took stakes in private ventures that somehow served the poor. In 2009 she published her autobiography “The Blue sweater."
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.72)

2001        In Montana the American Prairie Foundation was founded as a charity. It 2005 it established the American Prairie Reserve and aspired to became the largest park in the lower 48 states.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Prairie_Foundation)(Econ., 11/14/20, p.26)

2001        America’s State Dept. published its first Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report.
    (Econ, 11/8/14, p.61)

2001        Collection of telecommunication metadata by the National Security Agency (NSA) began in secret under Pres. George W. Bush.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA_Freedom_Act)(SFC, 11/28/15, p.A4)

2001        US Congress the Ambassador Fund to provide modest financial support of archeological activities in countries around the world.
    (Arch, 1/05, p.4)

2001        US Attorney Gen. John Ashcroft proclaimed that the 2nd Amendment refers to individuals rather than groups aligning himself with gun-rights advocates.
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A4)

2001        The National Bureau of Economic Research said in 2003 that the US recession ended in late 2001.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)

2001        The US EPA recommended that strict regulations on perchlorate. The chemical, a key component in munitions, had seeped into drinking water supplies. A strict limit meant that defense contractors would have to clean up scores of water sources in 35 states.
    (WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)

2001        The US National Archives signed a secret agreement with the CIA permitting the spy agency to withdraw from public access records it considered to have been improperly declassified. A similar agreement was signed with the Air Force in 2002. This news was only made public in 2006.
    (SFC, 4/18/06, p.A10)

2001        Arkansas passed a Covenant Marriage Act.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.31)

2001        The new $214 million California Public Health Laboratory opened on a 28-acre site in Richmond, Ca.
    (SSFC, 7/31/05, p.A1)
2001        In California the city of Desert Hot Springs, Riverside County, filed for bankruptcy. It emerged from protection in 2004.
    (SFC, 11/18/13, p.A5)
2001        Stanford philosophy professors John Perry and Ken Taylor made an hour long radio pilot program, “Philosophy Talk," on the question: “Would you want to live forever?" San Francisco producers at KALW agreed to air the program.
    (SFC, 2/10/10, p.E3)
2001        Colin Roche (34) and Bobby Ronsse (34) launched Pacific Writing Instruments from San Mateo, Ca. Roche conceived of his PenAgain ergonomic pen in 1987 while sitting in high school detention. In 2006 Wal-Mart put it on trial sale.
    (WSJ, 5/30/06, p.B1)
2001        Chris Anderson, Silicon Valley publisher, sold his Business 2.0 magazine for a reported $68 million.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.A4)
2001        Rubbersidewalks Inc. of Gardena, Ca., began grinding old tires into crumbs, adding chemical binders, and baking the material into sidewalk sections that weigh under 11 pounds per square foot, or a quarter of the weight of concrete.
    (AP, 7/27/06)
2001        Peet’s Coffee & Tea, a Berkeley-based company with 60 retail outlets, went public.
    (SFC, 7/24/12, p.D5)
2001        In the SF Bay Area Eunsoon Jun was murdered. Her partially dismembered body was found in September, 2002, under a pile of cat litter outside of Richmond. In 2003 Curtis Mayo Kimball (aka Robert Evans), pleaded guilty to her murder. Evans, who died in prison in 2010, was later linked to five murders in New Hampshire. In 2017 New Hampshire authorities reported that his Evans was actually Terrance Peder Rasmussen (b.1943) and responsible for the murder of four victims in Allenstown as well as Denise Beaudin (32), who disappeared after they left New Hampshire.
    (http://tinyurl.com/h46z2kk)(SFC, 1/27/17, p.D4)

2001        The Hawaiian Kingdom Government was founded in Honolulu as a native organization claiming sovereignty over the Hawaiian Islands.
    (SFC, 6/20/08, p.A5)

2001        Dwayne Jackson was arrested on kidnapping and robbery charges in Nevada. He spent 4 years in prison until his release in 2006. In November, 2010, an error regarding DNA evidence indicated that the wrong man had been sent to prison.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A6)

2001        In Ohio a student (22) at Youngstown State Univ. was kidnapped, robbed and gang-raped. In 2008 Brandon Moore, age 15 at the time of the crime, was tried as an adult, convicted in the case and given a 112-year prison sentence. On Dec 22, 2016, a divided state Supreme Court ruled that the 112-year sentence was unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 12/23/16, p.A5)

2001        Amtrak lost $1.1 billion in this year.
    (SFC, 1/26/02, p.A4)

2001        In Portland, Oregon, the Metropolitan Area Express (MAX), a light rail system, extended operations from downtown to the airport. This was the first train to the plane on the west coast.
    (WSJ, 12/2/99, p.A1)(Econ, 9/2/06, p.28)

2001        Cargo tycoon Lynn Fritz sold his Fritz Cos. to United Parcel and banked some $200 million. He soon joined with Robert Prieto, chairman of engineering giant Parsons Brinckerhoff, and Uwe Doerken, CEO of DHL, to establish the Disaster Resource Network, a group of multinationals that donate time and expertise to combat nature’s worst strikes.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A12)

2001        Ben Kacyra (b.1949), Iraqi-born founder of SF Bay Area firm Cyra Technologies, sold the company’s new laser mapping tool to Leica Geosystems of Switzerland. The device was created to produce digital blueprints of 3-dimensional objects.
    (SSFC, 7/22/07, p.C3)

2001        John Deere, the world’s largest manufacturer of agricultural equipment, decided to fit its tractors and other mobile machines with global-positioning-system sensors.
    (Econ, 6/11/16, TQ p.4)

2001        MGA Entertainment introduced the Bratz line of dolls based on a design by Carter Bryant, a designer from Mattel. The doll became very popular and threatened the Barbie franchise of Mattel. In 2008 the 2 companies faced each other in court. A jury ruled that the Bratz dolls were conceived while Bryant was employed by Mattel. On August 26 a federal jury in Riverside, Ca., awarded Mattel $100 million in damages. On Dec 3 a federal judge banned MGA Entertainment Inc. from making and selling Bratz dolls after the holiday season. In January, 2009, a federal judge said the company can continue to sell the toy line through 2009.
    (WSJ, 5/23/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/18/08, p.B1)(SFC, 8/27/08, p.C3)(SFC, 12/4/08, p.A9)(SFC, 1/8/09, p.C2)

2001        Robert Mondavi backed the opening of Copia, the $50 million American Center for Wine, Food and the Arts, in Napa, Ca.
    (USAT, 6/17/98, p.2D)(SSFC, 8/6/06, p.G8)

2001        A scheme called Project Alpha inflated the cash flow of Dynegy Corp. by $300 million. In 2004 Jamie Olis, a mid-level Dynegy finance executive, began a 24-year jail sentence for his role in the scheme.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.59)

2001        McCall’s Magazine ceased publication after 125 years and was replaced by Rosie, named after talk show hostess Rosie O’Donnell.
    (WSJ, 4/27/01, p.W17)

2001        Mental Floss magazine was launched by Will Pearson and Mangesh Hattikudur at North Carolina’s Duke Univ.
    (SSFC, 12/12/04, p.D2)

2001        Tom Szaky and Jon Beyer co-founded TerraCycle, an environmentally friendly consumer products firm, at the end of their freshman year at Princeton, NJ. In 2009 Tom Szaky (27) authored “Revolution in a Bottle: How TerraCycle Is Redefining Green Business."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TerraCycle)(WSJ, 3/11/09, p.A13)

2001        Goldman Sachs grouped Brazil, Russia, India and China together as the 4 biggest emerging economies under the acronym BRICs.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, Survey p.12)

2001        California-based Webvan, a grocery home delivery service founded in 1999, collapsed after expanding at breakneck speed. In 2009 it was resurrected by Amazon.
    (Econ, 11/30/13, p.61)

2001        Citadel Securities, a high-frequency market maker, was founded by Kenneth Griffin.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citadel_LLC)(Econ., 12/19/20, p.98)

2001        Keyhole released the first commercial geobrowser. Google bought Keyhole in 2004 and launched Google Earth in 2005.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, TQ p.18)

2001        Jim O’Neill of Goldman Sachs coined the acronym BRIC to describe the 4 developing countries of Brazil, Russia, India and China. In 2006 the BRIC foreign ministers began annual meetings as a group.
    (Econ, 4/17/10, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BRIC)(Econ 6/10/17, p.71)

2001        Martin Tytell (d.2008 at 94), master of typewriter technology, closed his shop in Manhattan after 65 years in business. During WWII he turned Siamese keyboards into 17 other Asian languages.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.106)

2001        Infospace bought WebCrawler.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
2001        The WPP Group bought the consulting firm of Mark Penn (47) and turned him into a multimillionaire. He later went on to become the chief strategist for Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.34)

2001        The New Orleans Regional Transit Authority installed plastic railroad ties for the 1st time on its St. Charles line. Plastic tie manufacturers included Polywood Inc. and the TieTek unit of North American Technologies Group. Each mile of track laid with plastic ties was said to save 800 oak trees.
    (WSJ, 10/19/04, p.B8)

2001        Bob Palais of the University of Utah authored a watershed essay titled: "Pi is Wrong!" He argued that we should be celebrating and symbolizing the value that is equal to approximately 6.28, the ratio of a circle's circumference to its radius, and not to the 3.14'ish ratio of its circumference to its diameter. In 2010 Palais' followers gave the new constant, 2pi, a name: tau.

2001        Tom Malzbender, a computer scientist at HPs laboratory in Palo Alto, Ca., developed a lighting method that came to be known as polynomial texture mapping (PTM). It was later found useful in illuminating details on ancient objects.
    (Econ, 3/27/10, p.88)(www.hpl.hp.com/research/ptm/)

2001        The US National Institutes of Health began its Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project to isolate each of the estimated 30,000 human genes along with a full set of mouse genes.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.B1)

2001        Researchers identified a “skimmed milk" gene in a cow. In 2007 a biotech company in New Zealand announced that it had bred a cow to produce low-fat milk.
    (SFC, 6/2/07, p.B6)

2001        The FOXP2 gene was identified as the 1st gene definitively linked to human language.

2001        Northfield Laboratories quietly shut down the trial of a blood substitute called PolyHeme, begun in 1999, after 10 of 81 patients, who received the fake blood, suffered a heart attack within 7 days. 2 of the heart attack patients died.
    (WSJ, 2/22/06, p.A1)

2001        A fish epidemic struck Atlantic salmon farms. The 2-year epizootic killed most of the young fish in 36 farms. Canadian scientists developed a vaccine, Apex-IHN, that protected the fish and in July, 2005, Canada licensed the product for sale.
    (WSJ, 9/23/05, p.B1)

2001        In West Virginia DuPont’s Spelter smelter closed. During more than 90 years of operation, the smelter produced more than 4 billion pounds of slab zinc and 400 million pounds of zinc dust for use in rustproofing products, paint pigments and battery anodes. By 1971, a toxic waste pile stood 100 feet tall and covered nearly half of the 112-acre site. Dust often blew from the site into homes in nearby communities. In 2007 10 plaintiffs won a class-action lawsuit against DuPont over long-term exposure to toxins from the site.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

2001        The FBI tracked 8,322 US bank robberies this year, up 17% from 2000.
    (WSJ, 10/8/02, p.A1)

2001        The average cost of housing criminals in the US this year was $22,650.
    (WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A1)

2001        In South Carolina Christopher Pittman (12) killed his grandparents with a shotgun and then torched their rural home. He later blame the anti-depressant zoloft for his actions. In 2005 he was found guilty and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (SFC, 2/16/05, p.A4)

2001        Winston Link (86), NYC photographer, died. He spent the years 1955-1960 photographing the last steam railroad in America, the Norfolk & Western RR. In 2004 a museum dedicated to his work opened in Roanoke, Va.
    (WSJ, 8/5/04, p.D8)

2001        Richard Evans Schultes (b.1915), considered the father of ethnobotony, died. In 1997 Wade Davis authored "One River: Explorations and Discoveries in the Amazon Rain Forest," a biography of Schultes.
    (NH, 2/02, p.22)

2001        David Sylvester (b.1924), art critic, died. In 2003 a posthumous collection of his writings was published as: "London Recordings."
    (Econ, 11/15/03, p.78)

2001        Dare Wright (b.1914), author, died. He books included “The Lonely Doll.“ In 2004 Jean Wright authored “The Secret Life of the Lonely Doll.“
    (SSFC, 9/5/04, p.M1)

2001        The Generation IV International Forum (IGF) was established to coordinate the development of new nuclear reactors. Members included America, Argentina, Brazil, Britain, Canada, China, France, Japan, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland and Euratom, the EU’s nuclear body.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, TQ p.15)

2001        US amicable relations with the Haqqani network, an Afghan militant group, ended. The group, with bases in Pakistan’s North Waziristan, had US ties that dated back to the anti-Soviet campaign in the 1980s.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.38)

2001        In Argentina Doug Tompkins, founder of Esprit Corp., purchased a 153,000-acre Patagonian sheep ranch and donated it to the government. Pres. Nestor Kirchner named it Monte Leon National Park.
    (SFCM, 9/10/06, p.12)

2001        Bangladeshi economist Muhammad Yunus restructured Grameen Bank to emphasize savings and relying less on joint liability for groups.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.78)

2001        In Belgium a 3-block tolerance zone for prostitution was established in Antwerp as a test case for national legalization of prostitution.
    (WSJ, 5/26/05, p.A1)

2001        In Brazil an 840-pound emerald was discovered in Bahia. It was sold to Americans for $60,000 and then transferred among a number of people, who moved it to San Jose, Ca., then to Louisiana, where it was trapped in a flooded warehouse, and then back to California. In 2009 it came under police control as courts attempted to unravel ownership of the mineral, now said to be worth nearly $400 million.
    (WSJ, 2/28/09, p.A1)

2001        Britain’s 2001 anti-terrorism act explicitly banned the bribing of foreign officials by British citizens and companies no matter where the offense took place.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.83)
2001        Bonhams bought the UK operations of the Phillips auction house and merged them into the Bonhams name. Some smaller departments were acquired by Simon de Pury and Daniella Luxembourg, who traded under the name Phillips de Pury & Company. In 2002 Simon de Pury acquired majority control of the firm. In 2008 the company was purchased by the Russia-based Mercury Group.
2001        Polish-born residents in Britain numbered about 56,000. By 2016 the number increased 911,000.
    (Econ., 1/2/21, p.43)

2001        The UN said 170,000 people in Cambodia had HIV. About 2.7% of the adult population was infected with AIDS.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.41)
2001        Kay Kimsong, along with two Americans working for the Cambodian Daily, were sued over two articles published in early 2001 that said Foreign Minister Hor Namhong had played an active part in running a Phnom Penh prison camp during the Khmer Rouge's brutal 1975-79 reign. An appeal by Kimsong in 2005 was rejected and he was fined $7,500.
    (AP, 8/31/05)

2001        Ryan Hreljac (b.1991) of Ontario, Canada, founded a charity, Ryan’s Well Foundation, to provide drinking water in developing countries. At the age of six, began raising money for those affected by the global water crisis, and has since raised millions for water and sanitation projects in Africa.
2001        In Canada the website AshleyMadison.com was launched with the slogan, “Life is short. Have an affair."
    (SSFC, 11/10/13, p.A6)

2001        In the Central African Republic Martin Ziguele began serving as prime minister and continued to 2003.
    (AFP, 9/25/10)
2001         Central African Republic’s General Kolingba fled into exile in Uganda following the failed May 28 attempt to overthrow Patasse. Kolingba was sentenced to death and stripped of military rank in his absence, but was amnestied in 2003 after General Francois Bozize seized power from Patasse.
    (AP, 2/8/10)

2001        Chile exported over 200,000 tons of farmed salmon and was expected to become the global leader by 2010. The industry was under fire for heavy use of antibiotics, low wages and unsanitary conditions. A fishing quote system, effective to 2012, was set up to stabilize stocks.
    (SFC, 4/1/02, p.A3)(Econ, 8/11/12, p.32)   

2001        China ratified the Int’l. Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), endorsed by the UN in 1966.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zrw2bt6)(Econ, 3/19/15, p.48)
2001        A Chinese law prohibited medical institutions and personnel from performing gestational surrogacy services, in which an embryo created from a couple is implanted into another woman who carries the baby to term. In 2011 a couple spent nearly a million yuan ($160,000) and illegally enlisted two surrogate mothers to help have the four boys and four girls.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2001        In China Zhengzhou city in Henan province unveiled plans for a new city and hired Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa to design Zhengdong New District and its main showcase buildings. Completion was scheduled for 2015 at a cost of $25 billion.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.40)
2001        Amnesty Int’l. reported in 2002 that at least 3,048 people were executed in 31 countries in 2001. China accounted for at least 1,781. 90% of the executed were from China, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the US.
    (SFC, 4/10/02, p.A12)
2001        Shi Zhengrong, a Chinese solar engineer, started Suntech to manufacture solar cells. In 2005 it became the first Chinese solar firm to go public. By 2007 the company was the world’s 3rd largest in the field. In 2013 it went bankrupt.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, SR p.16)(Econ, 3/30/13, p.68)
2001        There were some 720,000 passenger vehicles sold this year in China. Sales were expected to climb to 900,000 units in 2002.
    (WSJ, 7/3/02, p.A9)
2001        Some 5,670 Chinese miners died in accidents in this year.
    (SFC, 4/3/03, p.D1)

2001        Colombian courts convicted Yair Klein, a former lieutenant colonel in the Israeli army, in absentia for helping train far-right paramilitary groups in the 1980s. The Colombian government made unsuccessful attempts to obtain his extradition from Israel. Klein was arrested by Russian authorities in August 2007 as he touched down at a Moscow airport. He was released to Israel in 2010.
    (AP, 11/20/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yair_Klein)

2001        A grape genetically identical to California’s zinfandel was discovered growing wild in Croatia.
    (SFC, 9/7/05, p.F8)

2001        The Djibouti government gave the US military free land, free rein and full secrecy for a forward base to fight al Qaeda and other terrorists.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)

2001        An EU directive gave member nations until 2006 to comply with an art sale levy, droit de suite (right of continuation), allowing artists to claim a sliding scale royalty on the resale price of their works selling for over 1000 euros.
    (WSJ, 1/13/06, p.P14)
2001        The EU began work on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH). The final package was expected to come into force in April, 2007.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.70)

2001        El Salvador adopted the US dollar as the official currency.
    (WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A18)

2001        Manu Herbstein (b.1936), a South African resident of Ghana, authored “Ama: A Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade."

2001        Oil revenue in Equatorial Guinea reached $140 million.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.A10)
2001          The population in Equatorial Guinea was about 475,000.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.A10)

2001        A UN world population report showed that Estonia was one of the fastest shrinking nations on earth, with a fertility rate of 1.3.
    (WSJ, 10/20/06, p.A1)

2001        The French firm Alcatel won a contract from Costa Rica telecoms and electricity firm ICE. In 2004 Pres. Rodriguez was charged with accepting a share of a $2.4 million payment made by Alcatel for the contract.
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.38)
2001        Pernod Ricard SA acquired the Polish vodka Wyborova, Czech bitters Jan Becher and Seagram’s Martell cognac and Chivas scotch.
    (WSJ, 9/7/05, p.B2)
2001        The crime rate in France topped the US this year. Over 25,000 cars were burned in French cities as violence increased primarily due to immigrant gangs from sub-Saharan Africa, Romania and the former Yugoslavia.
    (SSFC, 4/28/02, Par p.9)
2001        Traffic accidents in France killed over 8,000 people this year. Speed cameras were installed on roads beginning in 2003 and by 2005 the number of deaths fell to just above 5,000.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.61)

2001        In Germany Peggy Knobloch (9) disappeared on the way home from school in Bavaria. Her remains were found in neighboring Thuringia state in 2016. In 2018 a man (41) told investigators that another man had given him the girl's body at a bus stop in the small town of Lichtenberg and he claims to have tried to revive her, before driving the body away to woods in Thuringia.
    (AP, 9/21/18)
2001        The OECD’s Program for Int’l. Student Assessment (PISA) ranked Germany 21st in reading skills and 20th in math and science among the 31 countries assessed. Data collection began in 2000.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, Survey p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/n3jmd)

2001        In Guatemala Armando Llort testified in 2011 at an embezzlement trial of Alfonso Portillo that in 2001 he passed three loads of 30 million quetzales ($3.5 million) apiece from the bank to the head of Pres. Portillo's security detail, who took the money away in an armored car.
    (AP, 2/24/11)

2001        In Honduras former Economy Minister Reginaldo Panting was found dead after his family paid a ransom of $125,000.
    (AP, 6/1/12)

2001        Lam Sai-wing, Hong Kong jeweler, opened his doors to a glittering golden bathroom complete with two 24-carat solid gold toilets. The company earned two places in the Guinness World Records by constructing the world's "most expensive bathroom," and "most expensive toilet," made almost exclusively out of gold.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5urw7t)(WSJ, 7/7/08, p.A1)

2001        Gyorgy Gattyan, a Hungarian entrepreneur, launched LiveJasmin, an Internet cam company featuring live sex chats. The garage project later became Docler Holding. In 2013 the company became headquartered in Luxembourg. By 2015 he was Hungary’s richest man and his porn site LiveJasmin received 40m visitors a day.
    (www.itone.lu/article/gyorgy-gattyan-simple-recipe)(Econ, 10/1/11, p.64)(Econ, 9/26/15, p.62)
2001        In Budapest, Hungary, a meeting on scientific publishing by the Open Society Institute (later the Open Society Foundation) coined the phrase “open access" as it sought to make scientific papers free to users. Open access publishing had already begin in 2000 with launch in Britain of BioMed Central and in America of the Public Library of Science (PLOS).
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.83)

2001        Gurdharan Das authored "India Unbound," an examination of why India is so impoverished.
    (WSJ, 3/19/00, p.A19)
2001        The Indian film "Lagaan" (Land Tax) starred Aamir Khan (36), who also produced it. It was set in 1893 and focused on a cricket match between villagers and colonial masters over an unjust tax. It was the 1st Indian film to receive an Oscar nomination on 14 years.
    (WSJ, 3/27/02, p.A14)
2001        India’s film industry gained “industry status" allowing banks to lend to it.
    (Econ, 7/9/16, p.32)
2001        In India Ramesh Ramanathan and Swati Ramanathan, founded the Janaagraha Center for Citizenship and Democracy. It started as a movement to enable citizen participation in public governance and evolved into a robust institution for Citizenship and Democracy. In 2010 the center introduced the website http://ipaidabribe.com.
2001        Arun Shourie was appointed as India’s minister of disinvestment.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.68)
2001        In India the Children’s Development Bank was started by a children’s advocacy group led by Rita Panicker as a means for street kids in New Delhi in safely save their money. The idea spread across South Asia and by 2007 some 6,400 boys and girls in India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Nepal had accounts.
    (SSFC, 8/19/07, p.A17)
2001        In India Enron Corp. and other investors shut down the Dabhol Power project in Maharashtra state after the state’s electricity authority fell $240 million behind in payments.
    (Econ, 5/1/04, p.66)
2001        A census in India reported that the Parsi population, also known as Zoroastrians, had declined to 69,601 from 76,382 a decade earlier. Their numbers worldwide were less than 200,00 with most in India and Iran.
    (WSJ, 2/6/06, p.A1)
2001        India changed the name of Calcutta to Kolkata.
    (SSFC, 10/29/06, p.G2)

2001        Fighting in Aceh, Indonesia, this year killed 60 government soldiers, 94 GAM fighters and some 1,006 civilians.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A8)
2001        Indonesia outlawed commercial logging in Aceh.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.A20)
2001        Indonesia authorized Aceh province to introduce sharia Islamic law as part of a “special autonomy" aimed to end a long-running separatist war. In 2014 sharia law was extended to cover everyone in Aceh.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.34)
2001        Irian Jaya, the Indonesia half of Papua New Guinea, was renamed Papua.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.46)

2001        Ansar al-Islam, blamed for attacks in Iraq and supported by a network of members in Europe, was founded in late 2001 in Kurdish part of northern Iraq by Mullah Krekar, who had lived as refugee in Norway since 1991.
    (AP, 1/8/05)

2001        Rome declared the ruins of the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary to be a cultural heritage.
    (SFC, 11/15/02, p.J1)
2001        Domenico Morosini opened a private museum at the former home of Benito Mussolini (d.1945) in Predappio. It was built between 1925-1927 and sold to Morosini for $1.2 million in 2000.
    (WSJ, 6/17/04, p.A15)
2001        Italy’s Parliament passed legislation allowing millions of Italians who had emigrated, or who were born to emigre parents, to cast ballots in Italian elections. The legislation was pushed forward by lawmaker Mirko Tremaglia (1926-2011).
    (AP, 12/31/11)

2001        In Jamaica some 1300 people were killed this year.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A17)

2001        The Japanese animated film "Spirited Away" by Hayao Miyazaki (b.1941) became the highest-grossing film in Japanese history. It won a best animated film Oscar at the 75th Academy Awards (2003).
    (SFC, 8/7/09, p.E2)(Econ., 7/6/20, p.72)
2001        Japan's government announced that it would digitize all of its procedures by 2003. As of 2020 just 7.5% of all administrative procedures could be completed online.
    (Econ., 1/2/21, p.9)
2001        Hiroya Masuda, governor of Japan’s northern Iwate prefecture, sent out a bold new message: “Just give up." It was an effort to improve the local quality of life.
    (WSJ, 6/30/04, p.A1)
2001        Shuji Nakamura sued his employer, Japan’s Nichia Corp., for a larger share in the profits from his invention of the blue LED. He had originally received a 20,000 yen bonus. In 2004 a court ordered Nichia to pay him 20 billion yen. A deal in 2005 gave him 840 million yen.
    (WSJ, 1/12/05, p.A9)
2001        Vodaphone took control of J-Phone, Japan’s 3rd largest operator. In 2003 J-Phone was renamed Vodaphone.
    (Econ, 3/11/06, p.56)
2001        Takashi Tokuyama, a Japanese brewer of sake, patented his inventions of rice extracts for skin care products. By 2006 sake was being displaced by shochu, a distilled drink made from barley, rice, or sweet potatoes.
    (Econ, 8/5/06, p.55)

2001        Evidence gathered in 2004 by the UN suggested that North Korea supplied Libya with nearly 2 tons of uranium in 2001.
    (WSJ, 5/24/04, p.A1)

2001        Liechtenstein was removed from the money-laundering list of the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
    (AP, 7/2/06)

2001        In Macao the gambling franchise of tycoon Stanley Ho was scheduled to expire. Half of the government revenue was derived from gambling. American firms soon stepped in to build new facilities.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A24)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.40)

2001        In Madagascar local people set up an association named Anja Miray (the community of Anja), which involved six villages in reforestation and the development of ecotourism. At the beginning of the 1990s, half of the 13 hectares (32 acres) of the forest of Anja were illegally chopped down. In 2012 the UN awarded Anja Miray the biennial Equator Prize, which recognizes 25 communities from all over the world for their work in safeguarding biodiversity and promoting ecotourism.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2001         A Malaysia bank introduced a corporate bond that complied with Islamic prohibitions on interest. The bonds were benchmarked to interest rates, but technically based on profit sharing, leasing or trading  By 2007 the global Islamic bond market reached an estimated $50 billion in outstanding securities.
    (WSJ, 4/4/07, p.A1)
2001        Tony Fernandez (b.1964), Malaysian entrepreneur, acquired AirAsia and soon re-launched it as a low-cost domestic carrier with 2 B737 planes purchased from a Malaysian conglomerate. Ryanair signed on with a 5% stake. By 2009 the company had 76 planes. By the end of 2004 the low cost airline planned to have 30 planes.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.63)(Econ, 2/7/09, p.35)(Econ, 3/21/09, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/cxf3hz)

2001        In Moldova Vladimir Voronin, a former baker and member of the Communist Party, was elected president. He stepped down after serving the maximum two terms.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2001        Sam Nujoma, president of Namibia, authored his 476-page autobiography “Where Others Waivered." In 2005 it was made into a film.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.49)

2001        KaZaA, an internet file-sharing program, was founded in Amsterdam by Niklas Zennstrom of Sweden and Janus Friis of Denmark. In 2004 they launched Skype software for internet telephony.
    (Econ, 7/3/04, p.54)

2001        In New Zealand the Fonterra co-operative was formed from two smaller entities and the former New Zealand Dairy Board.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.66)

2001        In Nigeria over 100 flare stacks burned some 2 billion standard cubic feet of natural gas per day. It was estimated that 35 million tons of carbon dioxide was released annually along with 12 million tons of methane.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A14)
2001        In Nigeria Muslim-Christian fighting in Jos over the year left some 915 dead.
    (WSJ, 9/19/02, p.A1)

2001        Braathens, a Norwegian airline, was taken over by the SAS Group, partly owned by the governments of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. It merged with SAS in 2004.
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braathens)

2001        The leftist Paraguayan People’s Army (EPP) was founded.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.42)
2001        In Paraguay Benigna Leguizamon (17) was allegedly raped by Fernando Lugo, head of diocese of San Pedro. In 2009 she said Pres. Lugo was the father of her 6-year-old child and told Magnificat radio in Ciudad del Este that she was a 17-year-old cleaning woman for the diocese of San Pedro at the time of the initial rape.
    (AP, 6/24/09)

2001        Peru moved to create autonomous regional governments and to give them more revenues. Mayor Wenceslao Alderete of Huayre, hoping to attract tourists, spent $158,000 to create an erotic sculpture park in the central plaza. In 2006 the town still lacked paved streets and a sewage system.
    (SFC, 11/23/06, p.A33)
2001        UN figures said 54.7% of Peruvians were poor. By 2014 the number dropped to 22.7%.
    (Econ, 4/9/15, p.35)

2001        In Poland twin brothers Jaroslaw and Lech Kaczynski (1949-2010) founded the Law and Justice Party.
    (Econ, 4/17/10, p.96)

2001        Anna Politkovskaya authored "A Dirty War: A Russian Reporter in Chechnya."
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M6)
2001        In Russia Tatyana Tolstaya authored her experimental novel "Kys."
    (WSJ, 2/25/02, p.A1)
2001        Reality TV arrived in Russia in the shape of “Behind the Glass," created by Grigory Lubomirov.
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.72)
2001        Russia slashed taxes by a third and simplified its tax code.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.19)
2001        Russia sold Myanmar 10 MiG-29 fighter aircraft for $130 million.
    (WSJ, 1/3/02, p.A6)
2001        Alexander Gorlov, a Russian civil engineer who worked on the Aswan High Dam, won the Edison patent for his invention of a turbine that could extract power from free-flowing currents.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, TQ p.12)

2001         Samoa’s population was about 171,000.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.19)

2001        In Singapore Joshua "J.B." Jeyaretnam (74), head of the Workers’ Party, was declared bankrupt following a late payment for a $13,535 monthly installment owed in a libel suit.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        In  Singapore Jack Sim founded the World Toilet Organization. In 2007 the World Toilet Association held its inaugural conference in South Korea.
    (SFC, 11/23/07, p.A2)

2001        The new Maria Valeria Bridge over the Danube reunited Sturovo, Slovakia, with Esztergom, Hungary. Germans had blown up the old bridge in 1944.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.A15)

2001        At Washington’s request the UN Security Council ordered that the assets of Yassin Qadi, a Saudi businessman and multimillionaire, be frozen soon after the Sep 11 attacks in NYC. He was alleged to be a financier of Islamic terrorism with close links to al-Qaida. The EU froze the assets of Yasin al-Qadi, a Saudi businessman, and the Al-Barakaat International Foundation, a Sweden-based charity suspected of funding al-Qaida terror groups. In 2008 the EU's highest court overturned the decision saying the order failed to offer those on a terror blacklist any legal rights to a judicial review under European law. Also frozen were the assets of Omar Mohammed Othman, also known as Abu Qatada, an extremist Muslim preacher from Jordan. In 2009 an EU court voided the freeze on Othman due to lack of proper judicial review. Othman has lived in Britain since 1993, has been arrested several times there under anti-terrorist legislation and currently faced deportation to Jordan.
    (WSJ, 8/29/07, p.A1)(AP, 9/3/08)(AP, 6/11/09)

2001        Alexandra Fuller authored “Don’t Let’s Go to the Dogs Tonight," an account of her growing up in South Africa.
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.74)
2001        South Africa decided to overhaul its mining laws and began laying out specific targets for its Black Economic Empowerment program.
    (WSJ, 11/18/05, p.A8)
2001        In South Africa MTN, a fledgling telecoms company, paid $285m for one of four mobile licenses sold at auction by the government of Nigeria.
    (Econ, 8/23/14, p.59)

2001        Syria’s first satirical newspaper was founded by cartoonist Ali Farzat. It was shut down by the regime in 2003 after 104 issues.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.131)

2001        In Turkey Ahmet Davutoglu (b.1959) authored “Strategic Depth," in which he set out a new policy of engagement in the region. In 2009 he was named Turkey’s Minister of Foreign Affairs.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmet_Davuto%C4%9Flu)(Econ, 10/23/10, SR p.7)
2001        Turkey’s police knocked out the home-grown Hizbullah, an Islamic terrorist group.
    (Econ, 7/19/08, p.36)

2001        Turkmenistan’s Pres. Niyazov published "Rukhnama" (Spiritual Revival, or Book of the Soul), a book of his historical and philosophical musings. It became required reading in schools. A 2nd volume was scheduled for 2004.
    (SSFC, 8/11/02, p.A14)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.42)
2001        Boris Shikmuradov, Turkmenistan former deputy prime minister, defected and began calling for the overthrow of Pres. Niyazov.
    (SFC, 8/28/02, p.A12)

2001        Ukraine's 2001 Census was the first census implemented by Ukraine as an independent nation. The census confirmed that Ukraine is loosing population at an alarming rate. Between 1989 and 2001, Ukraine's population declined from 51,706,700 to 48,457,100, which translates into a 6.1 percent decline. The decline was not uniform across the country.

2001        The UN Fish Stocks Agreement (UNFSA), adopted in 1995 to impose some order on high seas fishing, came into effect.
    (http://tinyurl.com/j8dr8j9)(Econ, 7/16/16, p.68)

2001        Vietnam and the US signed a bilateral trade agreement.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.34)

2001        Worldwide deaths from earthquakes this year totaled 21,436.
    (SFC, 1/5/02, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/11/02, p.A1)

2001-2002    The US Navy Engineering Logistics Office issued at least 10 classified contracts to US aviation companies to fly terror suspects to countries known to practice torture. The CIA also played a role in the operations.
    (SSFC, 9/25/05, A4)
2001-2002    Argentina’s financial crisis during this period involved institutional breakdown, a huge monetary devaluation, destruction of the financial system and a default on the public debt.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.20)

2001-2003    The US Lewis Doctrine, formulated by Prof. Bernard Lewis, called for seeding democracy in failed Mideast states to defang terrorism.
    (WSJ, 2/3/04, p.A12)
2001-2003    Canadian citizens Abdullah Almalki, Muayyed Nureddin and Ahmad El Maati were labeled as terrorists and arrested on separate visits to Syria where they were imprisoned and tortured and then released without charge. In 2008 a federal inquiry said Canadian officials indirectly contributed to their torture by wrongly sharing intelligence information with Syria. The men later sued the Canadian government demanding apologies, compensation and the removal of their names from any watch lists.
    (SFC, 10/22/08, p.A2)
2001-2003    Cuba ran up an oil debt to Venezuela of some $752 million.
    (WSJ, 2/2/04, p.A1)

2001-2004    US Sen. Conrad Burns, a Montana Republican, received some $150,000 in donations from Jack Abramoff, his firms and his clients during this period. On May 23, 2001 Burns voted against a bill favorable to Abramoff’s clients in the Northern Mariana Islands. The bill would have phased out a non-resident contract worker program benefiting the Mariana’s garment industry.
    (SFC, 12/7/05, p.A6)
2001-2004    An economic crises caused up to 15% of Uruguay’s population to leave the country in search of work.
    (SSFC, 9/19/04, p.D7)

2001-2005    Some 80 million pinõn trees died in Arizona and New Mexico due to drought.
    (WSJ, 7/31/06, p.A1)
2001-2005    Transparency International ranked Bangladesh at the bottom of its global corruption index.
    (Reuters, 11/24/05)
2001-2005    Property prices in South Africa rose by an average of 20% a year.
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.46)
2001-2005    Ruud Lubbers (b.1939), former Dutch prime minister (1982-1994), served as the head of the UNHCR.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.67)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruud_Lubbers)

2001-2013    Myanmar lost 1.7 million hectares of forest during this period, a portion of which was smuggled over from Kachin to China’s Yunnan province.
    (Econ, 9/19/15, p.38)
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